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Full text of "A soldier's story of the war; including the marches and battles of the Washington artillery, and of other Louisiana troops .."

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3 1833 01084 2042 

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OLpiER's Story OF THE War 






" Have 1 nol hear*! great crduanc^ in the fi^'M, 
Have I not in tlic pitched battle heard, 
liOitd 'larums, neij^hiiig steeds and tnimpeta claDg?' 

nine, Booli Fv 

Bank Place, 

L . { 

I B(-w Orleans. Loaislana 

VUltitiJ-ii -JSlnf^sv - 


128 Comiiioix Street, 

'JiFT-tthFN (\\\r AVD St., - 



The R(;.--taiirant des Guurniands of this city, which reminds Xortheirj 
and Kiiropean pleasure seekers most of the dinners and petifi-s nmtpt's of 
j faiiK, is kept by that respectable puitrononiibt, Fritz Huppenbauer. All 

! / of our hirge cotton bnyera from abroad, vLsitors from colder elimati'S, dis- 
^ finguishcd travelers as well a.s our business men about town go there. ^ 

iHi.s oooks are men of genius ; his Wines are golden purple and .^iparklinfj. 
and hi.s dishes might awaken the envy of Luculliis or Apieius. 
t No one feeds his guests more elegantly, and what is better thao all, 

j . Fritz's prices arc never unreasoQ^>lA>x3:7;i/J"/A'''«. 

5^' :-'^.^ 




'inUH \ 

1.511 A ^;o:(vIc■;• "s s;t<i!y cf i\v: ',var; incIuJins; tiio marche? .'•.r 

Q~2 lip.ltlcs of iliQ Yv'a?hi;ii;-t.-in ra-tilloiy, and cf c-thor Lo-.i- 

aua troops ... X<n\- Orleans, Clark oc Hofeiiiio, IST-L 

1 p. !., 252 (:. c 2o2) p. front., norr. 22^". 

PaghifT irrc.-jliir : p. 262 n'jT-.ljcri.-i! 252. 

"y.v.<tcr .'o:'. o"' tl-.c \\':-.-;!ii'vi;'t','n arti!':erv of the Army of Viricir.-a. 7r( 

^ Ilrt.-Civi! rv.:r-:;.,:-;-v.:nM S-i-r-s — La, azt.-W?<^\ns-n zrSAc 

The writer of the fr.ilovring pages asks tlie indulgem-e i>t' subs-L-rilien? 
lor nut hiiving prepar^i a more costly work — an omission due tu thu 
present disturbed finam-ial and political condition of the city. This nar- 
rative was not written with :uiy hope of profit : but should the receptioi. 
L-iven indicate an interest ou the pjirc of the public in the State troop? 
during the war, or ja<:i:y the expense, this will be followed by a more 
complete work, giving iccidents of the return home of the disb:,nded army, 
and containing the muster rolls, personal Uiirratives. and other inforiiuitiiin 
relating to L<^)uisiana cjuirvmies and regiments who were out in service. 


I X T R O D U G T O R Y , 

I Like many better soldiers, \vlien I came back from the 

' war, I determined at once to adapt myself to the changed 

condition of things in the South and not to waste any 
time or v.eary the patience of friends with fighting over 
old buttles. I kept my resolution for more than thirteen 
years after my first battle. Still one cannot always be 
discreet — some experiences, like the secrets told of the 
ears of Midas by the whispering reed, will have ex- 

What I have now to say is what is being said by the 
fifty thousand soldiers from this State Avho wore Confed- 
erate uniforms during the war — by the fifty thousand 
refugees who went from this city after its capture — in 
fact, is the same storj- that will be talked over by forty 
miUionsof people North and South, or so long as the present 
goneration shall remain alive. Secessia, amid her deso- 
lation, looks to the old battlefields, as the Sphynx does 
towards the ruined cities of Egy^.t; and whether we will 
or not, in our dreams or daily ideas we are constantly 
hearing the command to '-'March;" to pack up our slender 
liaggnge and go vagabondizing from one miserable town 
. to another searching food, shelter and rest for your tender 
ones, if you are a woman ; or, if a man, to take your place 
in line of battle, and receive the bullet that has already 
lioen moulded for vour breast. The old ideas cannot be 


i ■ / i ' }' I ' : < 'H r 

r<.iv.'. ■> > 


J !,i,.->,f \'.,.'.\ 

Iw n\-\ 

A Soldier's Story of ihe War. 

rubbed out — will come back ; some unseen influence will 
march }ou over the well-triuiiped, fenceless, grassless and 
herbless fields — through the forests whose trees have been 
cut down or completely killed by tlve Toileys of musketry. 

Do not these fancies come to all of us? Do not some of 
our old men who dry up and drop off, and tearful-eyed 
women who still pray for slielter and protection from 
beggary — do not the surviving soldiers who find it hard 
to cope in skill or robust health with younger rivals brood 
over these memories ? 

My excuse for writing this narrative is that I never at 
first intended it ; I thought only to pass a wcarisomp hour 
in a letter to an old friend. Once commenced, T could not 
end ; at the same time many old comrades, the subject 
once suggested, begged me if I proposed writing about the 
war at all, to take for my theme the soldiers who went 
from Louisiana. 

I have tried to do this, though at the same time 
attempting only a rough military narrative. I want 
only to try and show how large Ixidies of our young men 
W'cnt through the transformaiion of the citizen into the 
soldier. How we learned and Ijecame reconciled to the 
rough life of camp; consented to new" ways of thinlc- 
ing and living, and suffered, as it were, a general breaking 
up and wreck of our previous identity and existence. 

A story of such great changes in worldly circumstances, 
of any class, ought to have its charm, if properly brought 
out; the charm that we find in Crusoe, in the Blythedale 
visionaries who renounced the luxuries of civilization 
and became farmers, in tlie nun who buries herself in the 
cloister, or in a St. Franci.s who renounces his riches and 
weds himself to poverty. You will perliaps not care for 
the dull details of a soldiers life in itself; but when it is 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

atMcdthat it embodies the exporieiico of many men of 
well Iviiowu names who have since made themselves dis- 
tinguished in industrial enterprises, in positions of trust 
and responsibility, and as worthy a]>d virtuous citizens 
every way, their marches will not be without interest. 
Some of us too, have seen the world outstrip us in the strug- 
gle for existence ; oiu' rough life in the army has made us 
duller than rival a[)plicants or contracted for us bad 
habits, and we will have to limp along and get on the 
best we can ; but this crude narrative will not have been 
written in vain, if it succeeds in awakening any sympa- 
thy with the young men who are coming on, and whom 
we will leave behind us, or if it awakens with those wto 
give employment any increased tolorance or respect for 
soldiers wh<.)se convictions meant, for one out of every 
three — Death ! 

This narrative will be rather of the cheerful or careless 
sji-t — one not intended to awaken foolish feeling about 
our struggle, or which had better be forgotten. Itr will pick 
away, Old Mortality-like, a little of the mildew and moss 
from the graves of martyrs of conviction ; but it will be 
tempered with the reflection that the surviving comrades, 
who marched barefooted and without food, have since had 
better days; and that their adventures in hard straights 
will be read with something of the same interest as that of 
those princes of romance, whose lives are no longer cared 
fn- the moment they become happy and comfortable. But 
'■ii'tiigh : when we came back from the wars our friends 
treated us with so nmch sympathy, that we preferred enter- 
ing by ijuict streets to witnessing theii- generosity or tears; 
and the monument recently erected in Greenwood, tells U3 
tiiat our heroes have not been forgotten. I believe that the 
services of our troops deserve to be recorded not only in 

.'l' 'I I 

1.' '. 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

mouunieiital marble, but in tlic ptige of liistory : in siicii 
i- works as those of •• the grand old inai^tev^," as well as of 

[.. the humblest serdjes. Not as belonging to any reginjcnt 

[■ or batallion, bnt as illustrating what our beloved State 

did when we were all placed in the — as showing 
what the LoL■ISIA^^A Soldiek did in times that tried men's 
souls. My belief is that it is a great uiislbrtune for a 
State not to recall the names of her great dead — not to 
hold them up as models for the old and young, and to 
keep them from falling into obscurity. "We are made good 
and useful more by example than by the pulpit or school- 
house ; and if Louisiana had preserved the legacy of 
great names which she has produced, she would have 
escaped much of the misery into which she is hoav 
plunged; her men of ability would prefer glory to the 
thrift which follows fawning; and she would probably, a? 
is the case with Georgia or Virginia, be again on the road 
to prosper it}-. 

The man who gives his life doing what he believes to 
be his duty, makes a bequest Avhich has an actual value 
to a State not exceeded by that of lands and money. 
The day of her ruin is wlien we regard the time serving 
aiid corrupt with equal liuor with the good man and 


i I went out to the Avar with a large nuniber of young 

t men in the IJatallion of Washington Artillery, and as 

^., the reader is henceforth to be familiar Avith the name, a 

I. word will here be said as to its early historv. 

'• In ISS'J, Gen. Persifer F. Smith gave the first decided 

I , ' ' ■. /. i; "1 

.:_ /'IM,,-- [ 

A Soldier's Story of the War. ' 9 

impetu.s to the voluutoer conipaules of the city, and con- 
trildited greatly to their organizutiou. He was really the 
Ibunder of nearly all above Catuil street. It was by his 
eflbrts that the Washington Regiment was organized, and 
it remained under his command until the breaking out of 
the Mexican war, at which time he was appointed Gene- 
ral of the brigade composed of it and three other regiments. 
Eleven days after the call for volunteers, the ^Ya.■:hiugton 
Regiment was descending the river in transports on its 
yvAy to Mexico. 

Previous to its departure the regiment partook of the 
nature of a legion in its organization : that is was com- 
posed of horse, foot and artillery. 

General Smith distinguished himself at Monterey — rose 
to bo Bre\'et Major General, and by his talents caused 
himself to be retained in the U. S. Army in spite of the 
absence of a military education. He died in command 
of the Department of the Pacific shortly before the war. 

Tlie company of the Washington Regiment which more 
than any other bequeathed its organization to the Wash- 
ington Artillery Batallion, first appeared as an organized 
company in 1840; but this organization dwindled down 
to seventeen men in 1852. In those days the company, 
then kn'>wn as the '• Native Amei-ican Artillery," after- 
wards as the Marion; was drilled by Capt. R. 0. Smith, 
and sub>e(piently by Brig. Gen. E. L. Tracey. James 
Heggs, Capt. H. M. Isaacson, Gunnegle,* Bannister and 

* I'iciit. X. G. Gunnegle is tlie oldest member of the organization known to 
*;<■ iHvc. He joined in I84U, when the Artillery v.-ent by the name of the 1st 
Company Native American Artillery. The well known Armory on Girod street 
»!<» ilivii tt lil(i(-k.-<n;itli sliop, Init (rradually ndiipted to military purposes. 
." '''■'''.*'"* * nionlh was appropriated by the State to maintaining an armorer. 
(.net., ^orllo, who was a lew veari since killed bv a railroad accident on the 
Jackjoij Uailroad, had, up to"the date of the .Mexican War been its captain ; 
but 111 iliat time he resigned or perhaps was promoted to be Licnt. Colonel. 
Kotno WHS Mici-pcded bv Capt. Isaac .Stockton, much to the surprise of Gunne- 
^•ii's friends, who had wasted their lime and mouev in advancio- his claims. 

K I 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

some others are names that are siill associated with the 
old organization. 

Then Soria became its Captain and the honor cost him 
his life. That is, the Artillery on the occasion of some 
rejoicing;; had carried out to the Levee at the foot 
of Canal street, four guns which Avere fired to the four 
points of the compass in honor of the event. It -was 
while ramming a cartridge homo that the piece lie was 
loading prematurely exploded, llis arms were torn from 
his body, and he sustained such other injury as to occa- 
sion his death shortly after. Until the Batallion went to 
Virginia, the coat and equipments of Captain Soria hung 
as a memento of his services in its Arsenal or drill-room. 

The company still numbered not over fifteen members, 
with H. J. Hunting, 1st Lieutenant, and Dan. Harrison, 
2d. The Captaincy was now oflered to Leeds, who 
declined, and afterwards to Col. J. B. Wnlton, then 
Secretary to Mayor Waterman, and who had served in the 
■war with Mexico, as the Colonel of the Washington 
regiment. This was two or three Aears prior tathe war. 

A growing interest in military matters noAv became 
prevalent as sectional passions increased in intensity, and 
the feeling was increased and encouraged by leading men* 

The latter -went as 3d Sergt. and ultimately was courtmartialed for refusing 'o 
till a posilion to which he had never been elected, hut Wrts ultimately acquitted. 
Stockton, whose company- m the Mexican War was 'the tirst of the Washington 
Regiment, enlisted 64 men, and died utter his return. At the time he went out 
the old privates in the company furnished otlicers for four or live regiments. 
Add was then Adjutant and Breedlove Major of the Washinfjton Regiment. Jas. 
Slrawbridge. 1st Lieut, and Greene 2nd. The regiment advanced as fur as 
Barita in Mexico, and has still some twenty-five members alive, several of v.hom 
vvent out with the Batallion to ■\'irginia. 

Gunnegle served as Treasurer, Secretary, keeper of the .Vrsenal, and 2nd 
Lieut, till IS.tT. He applied for leave to serve in Virgiuia, but was refused on 
account of age. 

*■' With the commencement of the year '61 a stranger visiting our city would 
have deemed it? streets the parade ground of one vast encampment. At every 
step a soldier is met, and martial music nils the air. The tramp of armed men 
is heard by day and night, and the reverberation of the drill room assails thtf 
ear upon every side." — True ilelta. 




A Soldier's Story of the Wa. 

who forcpav,' the approiieli of war. Partly from this 

• ausc. partly hocause the men began to work with a will, 

, and through the talents of Col. Walton as an oflicer. the 

f \ Artillery steadily increased in number and reputation. 

i I A fine armory hud been given it by the city, situated 

I f on Crirod between St. Charles and Carondelet, and fn.m 

: I this the Batallion armed as infantry, marched to a.ssist in 

I I the capture of Baton Rouge from the U. S. authorities. 

[_ I previous to the commencement of hostilities.* 

I In the month of Mav-j- the Batallion was accepted '-'for 

I tljc war" by President Davis, an arrangement which 

. f caused us to be classed as Confederate instead of State 

I ■ iroops contributed by Louisiana. This arrangem.ent, had 

I aftcrv.ards the effect of giving us some advantages over 

I other troops, or disadvantages (for both were contended 

I i */" ■^^°- loth, 18U1, the first active steps ton-ards separation were talien 

1 1 and the iteamer National started for Baton Kouge after midnight lor tlio capture 

I °'^ "^'*' P'*" '""'tl' a airong force of citi/.en soldiers. Thev were " voi-u-. men 

; \ "io.-:tl.v ot hot blood, and determined to do the State sonie'scrvire '■' Knexvie- 

l ,,'".!;' i?'^^, V'" ','"■; -°^ "^ "■"■ "-' "'^'o'-k the day after. At Hnton Rou-e. Jan. 

J II. f. M. .Major IIa.skiQS couimandinEr at the .irsenal capitulated 50.000 s'tand of 

j arms and other mnnilioDS. The cumpanios from New Orleans now held the 

t narracKs. bonie ol the Baton Rouge companies deemed themselves slin-hted bv 

J i.ul bc;n? sent to take chfirge of the plate, and intimated that they wSuld di^'- 

iian.i. Oreat excitement in consequence. 

Three co.-Bpanies aftcrv.-ard3 disbanded, retiring in high dndgeon. The vol- 
ijMiier troop.= of Baton Kouge finally took cliarsje of the Barracks. Capt Voories 
•luring; the expedition commanded the Washiujrton Artiilerv. Captain Gharle^ D 
Urenx the New Orleans Cadets, and t!ie Orleans Guards'were under Captain 
m., . ,.'- ,"",',' H"'- <^'''-^'-Jey. The whole expedition was under the com- 
lUATia ot Lol. Walton. 

tAs early as the month of December, isno, a requisition was sent to Governor 
•' 'Ore tor guns, stores, battery, horses, forges, etc., in order to pnt the B Hullion 
r> .-v condUion for service in the field. On the 27th of March the petition was 
^ .;■ "J'-i. and subsequently made to the Secretary of War at .Montgomery. The 
■ ..'.Lug extract quoted from the application of the commanding officer will 
I* "Ujit was then its condition : 

th'ro!'"'.. !!r!.'*".l"" ^\''"'',""','"' -^"'"'^'■■^' ""'^" >"y command, numbering npon 
0.0 ftVr "' ''""'ired men, two hundred and fifty for service, and divided 

i.oun 1 - '"°'^'"'"'^'' '"■"'i a battery complete in all respects, of six bron/e m.x 
■.... i, r..Vl'v^' '')",'"•.''''■•' rounder howiii^ers, and one eight pounder rilled cai- 

« hn . • "f" ']'-'^'"-'"' ^^ '■''>e «!'« fx-ld. The Batallion can take the ti-dd 

c-irrl., n „ •* " '^ ''^''^^ ''^'"*-' "" "'''^'l, and provided with horses, camp and 

!or ,, n U e';'?M' .""- '''''"*' '"' '='^'"='= ' ""'" ^^ "'''^g"' '" ""1^'' requisition 
■ Ol iip„ii u,e Lonlederat" States. 

.1' .: , 

A Sohlier's Storij of the War. 

for) among which was the appointment instead of the 
election by the men of their otficeis. 

We were mustered into service on the 26th,=^= and then 
marched in a body to Christ's Church, and preached 
to by Rev. Mr. Lcacock, who recommended us to remem- 
ber that we had been educated to be gentlemen, and to 
bring hack our characters with our amis. This advice of 
the worthy Doctor caused us afterwards some mental dis- 
cussion in settling in our own minds whether a soldier 
could or ought to be any thing of the sort, and whether it 
was iwt better to leave his society manners, pride, preju- 
dices about birth, education and modes of living, and nearly 
every thing that makes up tlie woi-d, behind. "^ However it 
may have been, and this is what we suppose the Doctor 
intended to advise. They, most of them, retained their 
cheerfulness and a disposition to do their dutv in camp or 
society, and probably gained more in manly feeling than 
they could have ever acquired any where else. 

To. complete its outfit the citizens of New Orleans con- 
tributed .ST.OOO— the Ladies' Association alone giving 

fine han',1^^ "J;','""',""?- w"""^' """^ ''"' '" ^"" ^^^^^ ""if"'"'" vesterday with 
fine ban.l. Alter dulightnif the spectators who lined the street, 'with a di=,il. 
ot tne.r .accurate, the. were dra-.v,> .p at iU. T C TwirtfellTs; 

S at" '"'To. "tfke' with";' r-'." %'^^"'"'" '-^'^"■'^ ^'" °'- '"« Corredenue 
«.nte,l'i, ...1 V. • ^?"' '""^ "'^ -'f*^'''^'" '■<"■ lh« I'^rties who pre- 

Znf,/V ■ T> ''"*^' '"^ "'" Godspeed of e.erv loval heart in the erft re 
commt..,t.v. Ttus morning at 8 o'clock, the IJnttalion—everv man— will be 

tT:: ":t;r"t:rr;o"vi7i'''"''-n''"'"- ^'" -'""'^'>- ^^^ « "'"'--^ •■'•" -'"' ^^ 

.",1 r ? , .;y-'ll'on 10 the Railroad depot on .Monday eveninir " In the 

some°other\ ! nt'nV' ^''"''; "■T-"" ^"'■"<-' '^'" probabiy be on the wav to other po.nt ol action than \ ir{jiaia.-.V O. (:re,.-e„t, M.n, 26 ISfi, " 

rus pred.cfon came true, U„,,er the call of Gea. 'Be..ure';„ l',; „=„»„- 
'laja mill for the army of ti 
Hodgson, at that time taking 
•JfiO .stroii.L'. and with them Kali 
first four cumpanies in Vircjnii 



the call 


Gea. Betiu 







Capl. t; 


omb. or ra 




W. I 


t the 

5th Cot. 


nv of AVasl 



in,' tiiu 

as many 


rel.s as we. 

: obt 



by tlie 

,). .1 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

$'j()0, and the hirge houses and corporations aiding with 
efjual literal ity. 

The following were the names of the officers and of 
those who on Sunday morning May 26tli, 1S61, answered 
to Lieut. Phifer's roll-call — a very solemn moment — and 
who thus became mustered into the Confederate service:''' 

S T -V F r . 

M'ljor J. B. Waltov, Adji-tanl Lieut. W. J(. Owen, 

Surgeon De. E. S. Deew, Quarter J/ajter Lieut. C. H. Slocomb. 

:no>--com:>ti.ssio>-i:i> sta.ff. 

S^Ti/t. M'jj'or C. L. C. Dcpuv, Quarter i[a.tter Scrr/l. Stringer Ke.sxedv, 

Color Sergeant LoDis M. Montgomery. 

Corporfil Geohu« W. Wooi', Corporai.^ _ E. L. Jewsil, 

" .-v. H. Peale, " J. H. Dearie. 

F. P. V'illaTasan.i, Jo. Kingslow. 


Ciplain H. )[. Isaacson, Jr. FirM TJaUtnant J.B.Richardson, 

f'trit I.u-ntrnant G. W. Squires, Sernnd Lieutenant H. G. Gcijcr. 

t'trtt Sa-geant .^ Edward Owea, FirH Corporal F. D. Roggles, 

Srf^nd STjennt .^...J. M. Galbraith, Second Corporal E. C. Pavae, 

Tlurd Srrjeanl U. H. C.Brown, Third Corporal W. Fellows, 

. Fourth Corporal F. F. Case. 

Thomas S. Turner, C. Ghatahers, W. T. Hardie, 

'■■ M. .Judd, G. W. Muse. H. Gbambers, 

>'■ J- Kurshecdt, L. Labarre, E. V. Wiltz, 

J- W. Kearney, ■ M. Mount. J. P. Manico, 

< ■ «n,„ter, P. A. .!. Michel, L. E. Zebal, 

W . < i.»mbcrs, J. M. Pavnc, H. L. Zebal, 

P„*'- '""fj-, R. McK. '.Spearing, W. R. Falconer, 

{■ \, f"-'"'''. A. F. Cos-.e. G. 15. DeRus.^y, 

V h jRrTesn, J. R. McGaugbr, F. Lobrano, 

J S. T.rlton, k. a. Cower., ' C. A. Ererett. 

r- > -^br, p. X. St. Amand, 

_ • Th-^ D«talU;:,n. irben in Virginia. wa=i several times recruited to fill tue 
I ••-'•s^ o! the killed, wounded and disabled, wbo aveniged iiljout one huudi-ed 
'■'-< tauh compaoy. 

.^. ■ 1. 

A Soldier's Story of tho. War. 

S. G. Stewart, 

Geo. Bernard, 
Michncl Hock, 
Charles kush. 
Jno. K. Schemi 
Jno. O'N'eil. 
Vf. K. Dirke, 

W. D. Holmes, 

Pat. Mooney, 
H. Mejer, 
Jno. Jacobs, 
Thoa. Kerwin, 
David Nolan, 
Wm. Forrest, 

Fred. Lester, 
R. Nicholas; 
Jno. Chnrlesworth, 
Jno. Anderson, 
MathcH- Burns. 
Jas. Hello.'li. 


Tirst I.ieutenan C. C. Lewis Com'dg, 

First Lieutenant Sam'l J. Mcl'herson, 

Second IJaitenant C. H. Slocomb, 

First Srrjeirnt J. H. DeGrange, 

Second Ser^mnt Gustave Aime, 

Fourth Corporal 

nC , 

Third Ser^e 
Fourif, S,-r,jcant.... 

FicH Curporai 

Si'cond Corporal.... 
Third Corporal 

H. C. Wood, 

C. Huchez, 

....J. D. Edwards, 
...C. K. Leverich, 
Jules Freret, 

•B. y. L. Button. 

II. N. Pavne, 
J. S. Movers, 
Tracer Twichell, 
T. J. Land, 
J. \V. Emmett 
J. A. Hall, 
G. Humphrey, 
W. C. Giffen. 
i. C. \VoodvilIc,_ 
A, A. nrinfraade, 
E. L. Ball, 

Joha Montgomery, 

John Weber, 
Toney Hulby, 
John Faj-an, 
George Rarr, 
Wm. Carev, 
B. i;. F. .M'cKes.=on, 

R. Axson, 
Wm. Roth, 
E. D. Patton, 
A. G. Knipht, 
J. I). Britton, 
W. A.Randolph, 
W. F. Florence, 
J. W. Parsons, 
J. Howard Goodi 
Thomas H. SiUer, 



William Little, 
Jaraes Crilly, 
John Cannon, 
Jas. Leyden, 
Ed. Lofti.8, 
Ewin Lake, 

F. Alewelt, 

F. P. r.uckDer, 

G. E. t^trawbridge, 
A. R. Blakelv, 

R. Bannister; Jr. 
R. C. Lewis, 
H. B. Berthelot, 
W. J. Hare, 
J. H. Randolph, 
W. H. Wilkins. 
Saml Hawea. 

Leonard Crai"-. 

James Brown 
W. F. Lynch, 
Louis Roach, 
William Olirer, 
Corn'l .McGrego 
Ale.x. Kucher. 

( ) ' •' i'l ;i V. 

•,•...«.»; -olifif'.l 

A Soldier's Story of the War, 


.lyUtin M. B. Miller, 2'hird Sergeant L. Trados, 

kit LinLtennnt J. B. Whittiogtou, F^rlh Sergeant J. T. liaiidy, 

■ruad Lieutenant L. A. Adam, First Corporal E. L. Jewtll 

\r!t .-"erijeant Frauk McElroj, Set ond Corporal A. H. I'eale, 

■r-.nd Sergeant A.. Hero, Jr. Third Corporal \V. H. Kills. 

Fourth Corporal W. A Collins. 

.\:ipier Bartlett, 
il. \>. yiiDimers, 
J.. II. .\[oore, 
\V. .\hlK. 
Uobert Bruce, 
J. II. Holmes, Jr 
T. !l. Kuqwa, 
t). .S-. DeBlanc, 
K. \V. .Morsan, 
)'.' \V. I'ettia, 
K. Uiviere, 
Y. ICremelberg, 
I'hft?. Hart,'l C. Boash, .McNeil. 
.1. II. Collet 
rriiiik rfliaw, Jr. 
K. Toleilano, 
W. .S. Toledano, 

•!(>5. BUucliard, 

P. 0. Fazeade, 
Fred. L. Hubbard, 
Jos. H. DuMeza, 
L. E. Guyot, 
J. F. Randolph, 
S. Chalare'n, 
J. T. Brenford, 
C. W. Deacon, 
Stringer Kennedy, 
Howard TuUy, 
Wm. Leefe, 
I. W. Bren-er, 
0. H. Stocker, 
J. R. Porter, 
S. G. S,inder3, 
B. L. Bra!?elinan, 
R. P. Many, 
F. A. Carl. 


C. E. Fortier, 
R. Ma.xwell, 
E. Arril, 
E. Charpiaux, 
T. M. Mc.Fall, 
M. W. Cioney, 
Ed. Duncan, 
C A. Falconer, 
ir. J. Piielps, 
T. Ballantine, 
E. W. Noyes, 
JI. W. Ciiapraan, 
W. P. Noble, 
W. G. Coyle, 
L. P. Forshee, 
George H. Meek, 
J. C. Bloomfield. 
A. B. Martin, . 
R. Turnell. 


■"« _ B. F.Eshleraan, Third Sergeant G. E. Apoa, 

l.imtrnant Jos. Norconi, Fouri/i Sergeant J. D. Reynolds, 

id l.futenant Harry A. Battles, First Corporal Geo. Wood, 

«dS^rg,ant. .V. J. Behan Second Corporal J. W. Dearie 



G. r,. Crutcher, 

H. X. -White, 

J. F. Lilly, 

Jno. B. Chastaut 



T. J. Stewart, 

■W. Snead, 


Saral A. Knox, 

H. D. Seaman, 



Wm. Palfr?'.', 

F. H. Bee, 



L. C. Lewi.-!. 

C. W. .M;ir?tfin, 

4 Soldier's Story of the ■ War. 

J. C. Woo.l, 

.T. n, Sniitli, 

C. A. Peval, 

Jno. S. Fisli, 

•■• Montgomery, 

K. A. Jlellar.l, 

F. A. BroJie, 

Isaac Jessup, 

J. W. Wilcox, 

E. Lauer, 

A. F. Vas3. 

V. D. Terrebonne. 

G. Beck, 

W. W. Jones, 

F. F. Reichtvrt, 

It. F, F. Moore, 

P. C Lane, 

Thos. H. Cumminjs, 

}1. H. Baker, 

T. Carev. 

T;. H. Gray, 
S. T. Hale, 

J. W. Burke, 

W. P. S.Crecv, 

Jno. Meui, 

AV. C. Morrell, 

J. W. Lesene, 

J. B. Valentine, 

W. T. O'Neill. 

Chas. Hardenburj, 

Phil. Von Coin, 

A. Banksmitb, 

J. C. Pnrdv, 

T. B. White, 

Frank Williams, 

E. Jaubert" 

Bernard Hiifft, 


Levy Callalr^D, 


Jno. McDonnell. 

J. V. Gessner, I.foclrr, 

Jno. Deutsch, 

Thos. Ko3tmel, 

T. G.U7.I»r, 

Jno. Oeches, 

J. H. Sporer, 

C!i. W. Struve, 

Peter Trum, 

Cbarlea Meir, 

J. Arnold, 

Jno. Lorbs, 

C tl A P T !•: K I I 


Theke will never be a time of such intense public feeling 
in tlie history of New Orkans, or perhaps in that of the 
country ocnerally, as that which attended the departure 
of the fir.<t troops at the commencement of the late civil 
}f -war. "Writing at this day, one is almost inclined to doubt 

the impressions which still remain in his memory, not to 
speak of those half eflaced, which are occasionally brought 
to mind by the conversation of old comrades or friends, 
or by glancing over old letters or files of papers. Can it 
lie possible, you say to yourself, that business men, though 
always in our city known for generosity, would give away 
clothing, arms or liorses, witiiout scarcely thinking of the 
matter: or thai salaries were continued, by liberal- 
liouse.<. even after the eniplnyees had enlisted for the war; 

.(r./'.j. ';:-/,i;: 

Soldier's Story of the War. 

tiiiit Cue .stoics u-C!o closed ou the day of our departure, 
the streets were crowded to sufibcation, the balconies lined 
with smiling and crying women, and that tlios^e were 
esteemed most happy who had departing fiicnd.s upon 
whom to lavish their gifts, or bestow their flowers ?='= That 
certainly is the only time we can remember when citizens 
walked along the lines oflering their pocket books to men 
whom they did not know ; that fair women bestowed their 
floral ofierings and kisses ungrudgingly and with equal 
I favor among all classes of friends and suitors ; when the 

I distinctions of society, wealth and station were forgotten, 

I and each departing soldier was equally honored as a hero' 

j On tlie day of our departure we certainly had a little 

I touch of the millenium of good feeling, and it wa^ nearer 

f like Utopia than one generation can ever live to see a 

^ second time.i 

! ver. T" ^/'''-"f' °" ^"jll^'-y embraces as larg, a representation of our old and 

a r ,"v ^'T ''"°°' 'I' "'f°'.^^' "■'' ^i'''-'--'^, as any ruilitarv or^ani.ation 

I „ ,„^i • , '"•'' "^.™,''" °'^ " 'S a gentleman ; many occupy l.igh'position^ 

/Wm' Ir^V"'"'""" '' "'"^ '^^ P'''""= '^^"" were most affecting!!^ 

• ' ^. J- '^^"^ ^''" ^''^'T'" ''«''^'"<^^' froni *l'e steps of tbe City Hal! an address from 

! ^Iiich we quote the final passii-e: "lu au(>re^3 irom 

'' des,luMn'^S'l;H ""'.''''''■''•■ ''', '^ ^^'y^?^''^" 'i'"^ absolute nnarcbv-a 

)ue pot^m ^^lHtU mil put us iron heel upon all tbat the bumau li°art bobU 
tbe nat ons of tbe eartb as spectators, and with the (Jod of Ilenveu as umpire 
vou to rl.v'T /",'''" 7 ''^"? no doubt of tbe part that wUI b; assigned 
/i mn^„ ? • • ' T "■•' ''"'' "" "i""J^-" of your cannon echo!,,- from the 

/•| mountain passes ot Virginia will understand tba vou mean in the a n ~ o f 

/; , Cromwell ' to cut this war to tbe heart.' It is Httle to^av tl at vn i wm 1 e 

■••] .! a 1 ;vVUo n? ° r"/ ^'"'",'" "'""^""^'^ of hearts, and the pen of history 

I bero,rnrf - -■'''^°'°- ■■^o'^^'e" f'lrewell ! And mav the Lord of Hosts 

I bit r" W n' r" '' %""" °' '\^ ""' =''''^=^' >-°"'- heads in the day of 

f n V Or L aco 1 nf'thr^; , ^" '^"''"^ '°"''""° '■'^^^'""^•" '■'•°"' '^e sermon of 

S t> *-''="^'-OLt-,. 01 tbe bunuay previous : 

Ini'rr're'^hl!'' "''"'' ''" ''''' '""'■"' '" ^^'''^ ^'''"' "^« Gentiles was a soldier 
» few hour. ™" "P"" y.°"^'^aLmers, for you are fighting for liberty. lu h.t 
project r ' '''?'' "'"' '""' ''"= '°''^ °f "'^' '^^^ttle field, and mav God ' 

and retur'n 1^""- Th,.'?' Th • ""'J^^y^'' ''^""^ for your safety, succe.. . 
of Ilim who alone ca.'asstst' '° '''" '"" ' ""^""•""'^ ■■"" '° *'"= '='^-"'-" ' 

A Soldier's Story of the War, 

But thougU the route to the depot was scattered with 
flowers, the though.t also began to enter our minds that 
we had assumed the hard and nnprosaic duties of soldiers, 
and that individual freedom and happiness were noAv to 
be left behind. The day too, in spite of our glory and the 
enthusiasm of our friends, was suflbcatingly hot — so much 
so as to cause tlie death of two of our men,=^- as it were, 
in the ranks, from sunstroke ; and although every other 
military organization turned out in honor of those whom 
they envied the priority of departure, and allowed us to 
go to the cars through their divided ranks, it would have 
added greatly to our bodily comfort to have had more air, 
even at the sacrifice of some of the music of the brass 
bands, proflers of gifts, sjnupathy and excitement. AVc 
suffered the torture of unaccustomed heavy clothing, 
knapsacks, and the dusty march of three hours duration, 
but meanwhile were being equally suffocated with roses ; 
but what young man or soldier who has just enlisted ever 
cares for fatigue, when compared with such glory ; or 
would exchange the happiness of seeing his whole past 
life brought out, as it were in tableau, at the moment of 
leaving it probably for ever, for ten times as much fatigue? 

Our Batallion, at starting, consisted of three hundred 
men, who, most of them, had parents or other friends to bid 
them good-bye. Had they known that an interval of four 
years would separate them — that thirty battle fields' were 
to be strewn with their bones, and that every other man 
of their number would be crippled or killed, the scene 
would not have been more affecting than it really was.f 

* One of them F. A. Carl, sini:ularlv enough was an olJ foMici- who besiaej 
speaking five languages, had served three years in the Russian Koyal Artillery 
and fought in the Hungarian struggle. 

jlsrael Gibl)on?. himself an excellent soldier, and at that time writing on the 
Ciffr,nl, thus describes the scene : 

"The departure yesterday was a. iierfect oration. No ['revious military 

I ' A Soldier's Story of the War. 19 

\ ^r-^ 

.V !;u;it many fatliers, In shaking hands with the men, 
\\tT.i!d ask u;! to look after and keep an eye on their sons. 
It generally turned out that the parties recomuiended 
\v(juld he the first to be killed, or that difterence of tem- 

: peranient prevented an opportunity of acquaintance, much 

I less doing the solicited service. 

I (Icpai-ture has been honored with so tumultuous a demonstration. The Bata!- 

I lion moved in four columns, with the drivers as a fifth or auxiliary, ami 

f with a large turn out of honorary members. Tlioir escort were the Orleans 

; Light liorse, Capt. Leeds, the Orleans Guard, oOo strong. Capt. Theard, and the 

I ' Ijouisiana Cadets. All along this route the scene was one of the most unexam- 

\ pled enthusiasm. The men made noise with cheers and huzzas, and the ladies 

I silently e.vpressed their feelings with their flowers and handlicrchiefs. The 

I scene at the Depot was indescribable. All the carriages of the town were 

\ here filled with loads of beauty, and the balconies, windows and house-tops 

5 were filled with people. 

I ''We never before saw ladies of fashion, respectability and wealth do as much 

I as tUey did last evening for ;i final view, leaving their carriages, dodging under 

{■ mules heads, and wading ancle-deep in dust. The crowd extended a half a raiio 

If ■ beyond the Depot — to the edge of the swainn. They gave all sorts of evidence 

.f of the very highest heart-feeiing, and everybody had wet eyes. As the twilight 

I faded into dark, the train rumbled oft', groujis of people were seen sitting about 

V (HI the piles of lumber, waiting for the ladies to have their cry out, before start- 

I ing for home. 

I • The Honorary .Members who turned out upon tliis occasion, were : 

I BrTg. Cen'l E. L. Tracey. Col. A. H. Gladden. Hon. Gerard Stith, \\. A. Frerct, 

\ Ksq., John D. Foster, M". 1>., E. T. Parker, Adam Giffen, N'orbert Trepagnier, 

I Hon. V. H. .Morgan, .M. A. Foute, Jules Tuves, Hon. Wm. G. Austin. .M. D., D. 

] Maupay, Alfred Munroe. E. B. Smedes, John Holmes, Col. C. A. Tavlor, A. S. 

! AVithers, Hon. C. M. Bradford, T. S. McCav. Hon. John T. Monroe, E. C. Hancock, 

\ A. P. Harn-on, Mark K. Bignev, E. V. Schmidt, H. G. Stetson, John Calhoun, 

I Hon. John K. Leefe, Wm. G. Hcwes, Maj. Thomas F. Walker. John Pemberton. 

R. L. Pugh, Jacob J. Ilerr, Hon. J. 0. Xixon, J. C. Ferridav, A. P. Avegno, 
Dati'l E. Colton, Charles T. .Vash, T. L. Leeds, H. W. Reynold's, B. F. Voorhies, 
K. L. Outlaw, G. H. Chaplain, W.B. Bowles, \V. L. Allen, Col. S. H. Peck, T. L. 
J3ayne, P. .\. Wood, H. Dome, Geo. W. Hyn.son, Col. Geo. W. Race, Wm. H. 
Hunt, W. C- Lipscomb, Col. Daniel TMwards, R. P^sicrbrook, J. .M. Davidson, 
C. F. White, F. Wing, Howard Smith, M. D., W. M. Pinckard, Wm. Ellis, A. W. 
Bosworth, George Connelly. J. D. Dameron, G. S. Hawkins. 

The names of the members of the Batallion who went as officers in various 
regiments or who continued the existence of the organization in the city, were 
Capt. 0. Voorhies, Jr. First Lieutenant, T. A. James, Second Lieutenant, M. S. 
Squires, First Sergeani, 0. F. I'eck, Third Sergeant, .V. Luria, Color Sergeant, 
J. Thomas Wheat, Quarter Master Sergeant, E. L. Hews, First Corporal, Charles 
Thompson, First Artificers. C. H. Waldo, D. Kelly, Treasurer (afterwards Capt. 
W. Irving Hogdson. 

PU1VA.TKS.— Anderson J. B., Bruce .V. M., Baker Marion A.. Blair J. C, Blow 
R. A., Butts E. S., Brand F. A., Bisland J. J., Bloomfield Benj., Barton R. G., 
Culbertson C. W., Caldwell A. F., Correjollcs G., Churchill W. E.. Carev F. S., 
Calmes W. .N"., Dudley L., DeMerritl J. W., Delamorc Jas., Evans Geo. P., 
Estella M., K.asto-i T. B., Fmlrv L. A., Jr. Fisk John S., Ferridav W. M., Grav- 
••"■m J. B., Jr. Graham L., Grandnrc P., Gordon W. E., Goldsmith F., Halsev 
\\". S., Hutton B. v., Henning Wm. H., Hanlou Jos., Harrington S.. Hawthorn 

-'0 A Soldier's Sturij of the War. 

\ Theleave-tiikhig of the young men, generally with tlicir 

; relatives, it must be admitted was much more hurried than 

f with their wives, or more often w^th their sweet-hearts, (fcir 

I we were nearly all at that age when it is difficult to keeji 

1 ii'om having at least one.) Some of us were compelled to 

I i-emain in ranks and be witiie>;.s to these tender leave-tak- 

' _ iiigs — towatch the lustrous eyes, sufiusingcheeks,the heav- 

j ing breasts, the last fond smile, and the concluding kiss — 

I all taking place in less time than it takes to relate it; and 

j tobecome, as it were, each of us, by sympathy, an actor and 

t, 2>artLceps crimlais in the love-making or love.ending tableau 

I <li'it was going on. It did not take a great many minutes 

to complete this part of the drama — though it was curi- 
ous in one respect — that of bringing together so many 
couples of education and refinement and making them act 
out the drama of their loves, or at least a specimen chap- 
ter.^ All these little incidents were remembered long 
after and Irequently talked over in camp, and very often 
when Ave had all become growlers, not much to the credit 
of the ilramatls permnw. The fact is, there was some 
little forgetfulness about these vows after the arrival of 
the Batallion in "\'irginia, Avhile the fond and trusting 
hearts that were left behind, subsequently found them- 
selves so situated, after tlie capture of the city, as to ren- 
der any such remembrance inconvenient. 

These little love episodes, too, as we soldiered further 

A. T., lUrvoy C. M., Hedges .r. II. II., Hennnes D. P., Jobn^oi. F. A., Johnston' 
1. (.;., Jolin?ion I), ('., ,Ionei 0. G., Kcn-.u-dv John, l,iii3conil>, A. A., Levcricli 
C'lias, K., Lonsdnle II. H., Lowe U. .M. Jr., Larue F. G., Morell AV. C, McLcnrn 
John G., McNair H. .M., .Miller J. U., Norris J. K. O'Hrieii K. .M., Pierson J V, 
j'nidos J. 13., Phelps \V. v., Perkins J. A.. Q.iirk Wm. (.'., Kodgers, J. c' Koc- 
qiiel .\., Robini A., Rcid W. A., Smith Ale.\. Jr., St. Anmiit — -, Spedden K., 

iSpeoringC. F., Siicibola A., Steven W., Stewart , Stroud Geori^e. Sanfor.l 

C. II., Savage A., Seymour J. W., Simpson G W., SuiuitR-rs H. D.,''Tisdale B 
P., Tisd.ile E. K., Tnicv M., Vauslit W. C. D., West Geo., Wini;ate W W 
^\^nvi.^U^ K. H., Wahhe K. T., Wiilard K. 0., Webl. J. V., WolfO. U., Wvclic j! 
F., Wordall F., Ximiues W. A. • - • 

, W1^ Y. : uMv-vVs 

A Soldier's Story of the Wi 

.,n. wore de^in-dto have their influeuce, in a reruote and 
r.'iirect May uu all of the Batallion, even th><e most 
iiidifirroit to the sentiment, and so far irom the fond 
;ihse,it heiiig remembered with sympathy, was the cau^x> 
i!ot unfrequently of loud swearing. For instance, the lirst 
detail made of a member to return home (naturally 
enough) was the man who had just married a bran uew 
u-.te. Then there were fiithful spouses who found oppor- 
tunities to overtoke the Ba/allion in its various marches, 
^^ Iio wore eitlier obtaining or entreating to obtain, their 
husband excused from some camp service, and which if 
obtained, would throw the wearisome duty on some less 
lortunate batcbelor comrade. While on the other hand 
tlie latter class would either be absent from camp at everv 
turn, when the presence of the fair was to be obtained, or 
wntnig love-letters home, or .seeking for furloughs, mostly, 
ol coiuv<e, with reference to attractions left behind. 

At length we were marched into the curs by comj.anies 
i'"d a.-<..gned our places for the journey. The knai.sacks 
f'<;lt.- and other useless plunder of one sort and another 
\Mlli wiuc/. we were all more or less burdened, was quickly 
'■'>iiused of upon the hooks over head, or under the seat^^ 
(Damocles swords were suspended above.) and every man 
"■'='de Inmself as comfoHable as could be done in a cnr 

'■"^vdoil to its u 

most capacity, and untlie hottest night of 

'I 'H-^^l liardly be stated that there was too much 
^' •''Tiient iur the first half of the night to allow of much 
"-t'd bv 1 ^ """• ^''"-;'"'''' ''"'' '•^'"^'^'^■'•^ ^'i'"^ ^"""g ^-^s if pos- 
-."Z.i..''...'''''^'"'^" "^''''' ^'''"'^1'"'-' '>o-^t's which we had 
to be eaten when rations run short, were 
^ve reiiclud the (Irst .^lation, and the various 

bniu.'ht ,1 
'••{"•ned Ulo 
''•'^ks inu,:u 

22 A Soldier's Story of the War. 



In .<pite of all of the licit and dii.-it. and the drawback 
of having nu place or oppui'tiinity for comfortable sleep, 
■\vc Avcre rao^t of us in excellent spirits, and our upward 
journey to Kichinond was one all the way through of wild 

But graducdly tlie older and more serious members 
began to settle down to pipes and tobacco — to staring out 
at the trees which seemed to rush homewards like an 
army of giant phantoms, and to realizing that their past 
habits were cut off from their future. The loud talkers, 
Avho had indefatigably told heaA-y stories vrhich the noise 
of the train prevented any one but themselves from 
bearing, began to show signs of exhaustion ; and as tlie 
night ATore on there would sometimes be a lirief lull, un- 
disturbed b\' anything except the heavy breathing of tlie 
I sleepers. Then the train would stop at a station — one 

I man would be heard complaining of the oppressive boots 

* of his vis-a-vis neighbor against the pit of his stomach, 

{ while another would expostulate at tlie length of leg.-; 

from behind which projected over the tu[)of the seats and 
' inconvenienced the complainant's head. 

■ We were now made to realize that those with whom we 

I would be most thrown together were the comrades who 

1, resembled eacli other in the single matter of height, and 

\ were in character and tastes the most widely different, 

I ■ and that our lirst study Avouiil be to learn to adapt our- 

1 selves to each others ways. And a verv diilicult les.^on 

to lenrn that subseipiently proved. 

For instance, the next nioriting aljout day light when 
the train stoi)peiI {'or water, a clear braneii was discovered 


m1 -.' ..!pc. 


A Soldiers Story of the War. 23 

i numing near the raih'oud embankment, and the men began 

I (<• (uijible out, considerably worn and pulled down, to protit 

f i»v tiie host opportunity we Avould have of washing. The 

I pi-(jvident soldiers now would produce towels, soaps, combs, 

I >'tc., and save for the trouble of bending on their knees and 

f' bathing like Diana Avith the brook for a mirror, would 

manage to make their toilet aljout as well as if they av ere 
at home, or in a fasliionable barber's saloon. The only 
trouble would be that the man who came after would be 
unprovided, or was too lazy to go down into his own 
knapsack, and consequently would have to borrow. 
Uefore the first borrower had concluded, a second applica- 
tion to borrow would be filled, with similar requests fol- 
lowing in rapid order from others, until the owner becoming 
wearied .with waiting would timidly request that the 
articles be returned when all were through. An hour or 
f^o afterwards when the matter was under investigation, it 
would be nuide to appear that the soap was regarded as 
Batallion soap, and that there was nothing more to be 
"heard of it; that the tin wash basin which its fastidious 
owner had fondly fancied would accompany him in all of 
his campaigns, had been left behind at the halting station; 
t'liat the towel had been hung out to dry; and as for the 
comb somebody had brought it along, but precisely who, 
nobody could tell ! 

Of course it need not be said that the owner of the 
wa.-fji l>asiQ felt ruined and discontented for the balance of 
tlie day, and the day after; for wlien the time for ablu- 
tions came again, he found no friend that was willing to 
h'lid him any of the articles before mentioned, and so his 
.^ati.'^faction and happiness at leading the life of a soldier 
would receive its first check and begin to wane. 

'' It's not that I care about a d — d little cake of soap,"' lie 



A Soldier's Storu of the War. 

■would feelingly prowl, as his Alnashar visions of soldiering 
began to disapi^oar like the bubbles that were made from 
the missing cube; "'it's not that I can't make a raise of 
another towel and comb; but it's the principle of the 
thing. I begin to believe that about one half of the 
Batallion are beats that intend to live off the other half, 
and I want it understood that they won't work that game 
' any more with me. I've got at any rate a bag of good 

perique tobacco left," (says the speaker filling his pipe and 
anticipating a nrovement among the crowd) and if you 
hear of any body inquiring for any, send them to me, and 
they will find out where they mnt get it. ' 

And so far from receiving the sympathy which his mis- 
fortunes merited, the victim w"as affectedly condoled with 
and taken aside by some one of every group in wlsi^'h he 
happened to enter, for the purpose of drawing from him 
a furtlier recital of his wrongs. 

We dozed on through the following day, pulled out a 
novel now and then, or talked in a somewhat 'more quiet 
\ ■ strain than on the night before. Some of the men had 

I still enough enthusiasm left to occupy their time in scour- 

\, ing their sabres; others who had not left civilization 

b ' entirely behind, produced cards and an ear of corn, which, 

■i. such is the wickedness of the times, need not be ex- 

[' . ^ plained to any body, meant a mild game of pokei\ This 

i included for several days quite a large circle, but this 

\ gradually cmitracted with the pocket books of the players. 

\ The game always remained popular, particularly after pay 

I day, though owing to certain dilhculties about chips, the 

j number who kept constantly occupied at it was limited. 

i. There was a small devoted circle who applied themselves 

1 faithfully to it on the cars and ufl', at night at the guard 

1 tent — around the bivou.ic fire, and sometimes before and 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

ofter the bloody oarnuge of Ijattle. Tho countera "weve of 
gold not nil frequently, at ftarting — the cards gi't-cdgod. 
But the last time I saw the game in camp, the players 
looked unwaslied and ragged, and the papers taken I'rom 
a bloody knapsack were dealt on an old red cotton hand- 
kerchief. The prize that was contended for was a chicken 
which had been pressed into service, and the loser v/as to 
have the privilege of cooking and eating this, and sacking 
the bones. There is nothing like having a passion or 
mission in life ; and except lor the diCficulty of paying for 
the chips, card playing seemed to be as popular a way of 
killing time as any. 

As we journeyed on, we passed through several towns 
where we were welcomed with great eclat by the popula- 
tion, and indeed the same might be said about every vil- 
lage and isolated house. There was always a sign, as 
was the case with all the troops who first went out, that 
the sight of the soldier touched some profound and svnii- 
pathetic cord. At every depot there would be gathered 
the most beautiful ladies of the place, who would enlliu- 
siastically stream out and welcome us as Calypso and her 
nymphs did Telemachus, giving us at leaving, flowers, 
cold chicken, gloves, aprons and knic-nacs of every sort. 
Sometimes the reception would be at a regularly laid table, 
as it was at Pluntsville — sometimes in a ball room, as at 
luka Springs, and then after fifteen minutes of waltzing 
of fast city youth and bashful girls (who thought nuich to 
the astonishment of the former, that it looked nicer to lie 
held by the arms instead of being encircled around the 
waist,) the cars would again move on. 

Knoxville and Chattanooga each furnished impressions, 
but our pride had been humbled along that portion of our 
route bv havim: to ride all niirht in box cars. Our 

26 A Soldiers Story of the War 

si)pcial glory was re.-^orvtHl for Lynchburg, and in after 
years we never gro^\' weary of gloating over the honors 
there bestowed upon us. It was on Sunday about noon 
that we first stood drawn up in line in the principal 
street, and there were many carriages tilled with ladies who 
lent the charm of their presence to the occasion. One 
of them was a gorgeous looking heautj- who seemed from 
the glances she bestowed, to have fallen in love with some 
one of us at first sight. We each of us flattered ourselves 
■with having wrought the charm, and doubtless tlienceforth 
would have recounted around camp fires a good many 
Arabian night romances, or stories of ourselves, simi- 
lar to that of Queen Christiana and Ronzares, promoted 
from ii coming soldier, to be a Spanish grandee. But a 
civilian who was standing by her carriage, dashed these 
hopes by bringing a iricssage of invitation to one of the 
color corporals, and this was followed up by an introduc- 
tion, exchange of rings, correspondence, and all that. 
Possibly the romantic meeting would have ended in some- 
thing else, had not death swept away both before the 
second year of the war. 

\Ye passed the remainder of the day and night in Lynch- 
burg, the citizens entertaining us at their houses — that is, 
all with the exception of the Zenophon of this narrative 
and a dozen other unfortunate wretches. These were de- 
tailed on a very dark, chilly night, to stand guard over the 
cars on the railroad — none of us well knew which. The 
first guard mounting, proved as dangerous as it was irk- 
some. Having been placed on the embankment, the sen- 
tinel was ordered to march forward ou the side of the cars 
fifty feet and return, keeping meanwhile a bright look out 
for the enemy. He started to march, as directed, on the 
track by the side of the train, but had noi proceeded fifty 

I f 

^, I 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

leet before liis path (owing to the narrowness of the eui- 
l..anIv:iioiit suddenly ended.) As it Avas very dark, he was 
not made aware of this state of things, until he found 
himself about twenty feet below, with his sabre sticking 
in the ground, and very much wondering how he so sud- 
denly reached there. 

"We stood our guard ^vatch of two hours and were th_Mi 
allowed to crawl among some sacks of corn in one of the 
freight cars, and sleep there until again wanted. Bv the 
time we had got through our second dose of guard, 
mounting, there Avere a dozen of their country's defenders 
who began to have a low opinion about soldiering. 

The only other incident I shall now stop to relate, prt^ 
vioua to the arrival at Richmond, was that performed b\- 
a young private of that day, and a well known merchant 
of this. While tlie train was in motion, proceeding to 
the last point of our week's journey, a very pretty and 
patriotic young girl appeared near the track with a bouquet 
of flowers in her hands, of which to her CAident regret, 
she had no opportunity of disposing. The rear of our 
long train was composed of platform cars, laden with the 
guns which were afterwards to accompany us into the 
field, and underneath whose rattling chains at night the 
men would crawl and sleep. Upon the last of these plat- 
form cars a sentinel was standing, who thought it a pity 
that such a pretty l^ouquet should be left behind. The 
train was going slowly around a curve. Acting up to his 
idea, he jumped down without accident, took the bou.piet. 
and the moment after succeeded in regaining the train. 
Ill i'a"t, he did moie — he not only gallantly took the 
boufpiet, but a besides, from the lips of the' astonislied 
donor. Tlie sanif .sort of thing happened at a way station 
where a yuujig lady locked in a room on the second stor^■, 

28 . A Soldiers Stnry of the War. - 

offered a bouquet, then a ring, and finally a kiss to anybody 
that would climb after them. The work had to be done 
on a shutter and the outside of a window sash, neverthe- 
less, we had isuch a variety of talent, that the work was 

C tl A 3:^ T E R IV. 


We were very much disgusted on arrival at Richmond, 
for arrive there we at la.stdid, to find that instead of being 
allowed to take a run around and see the place we 
were shut up in a tobacco warehouse and a sentinel placed 
at the gate. "While sonii' of us vrere meditating aii imita- 
tion of the too lively Zouaves who had been shut up tem- 
j porarily in an upper hall, and who made a very practical 

[" use of their new sashes to let themselves down to the 

1 ground, the Avelcome order came to march to a hotel bronk- 

|. fast. This was our breakfast of adieu, the last we vevc 

\. ever to eat altogether, and when finished, we moved toward 

I camp. 

f ^Ye were now marched in a comfortable frame of nund 

i through the streetsof Richmond, led on bvthe exhilerating 

|. notes of Gessner's brass Imnd, which accompanied us from 

New Orleans, and we spread to the breeze the most costly 

and beautiful standard borne by any of the Confederate or 

holiday troops.'^' 

k, yellow upon one sii'.e ami red upon 
:f t.ousiiana .idJ of the Batallion. It 
. coet of r-iTfil), wiis heavily mounted in 
New Orieaus, in a 3[jectli delivereil by 

\\ lie;il, then the color bearer ot the 
• when its preservation Ijecanie diliicult 

■This standur 

Made of very cojtl 

the other, repre 

eiited the coa't of a 

1V.13 said to have 

licen made in I'ari- 

silver and was p 

rC5ented by the ladi 

Senator [Jenjan, 

n in uiiieU he pr.'.li 

It wa. replied 

to by the gallant t 

liatallion. Tov.- 

irda the tlo^e of the 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

I Tho uniforming of the members whicli was done by 

I fust class city tailors, had been an item of something like 

I .<20,U00 and with brass scales, white belts and gloves and 

I Hashing sabres, no organization in the world, as was after- 

I wards told us by President Davis and Lee (to which latter 

I we reported,) ever presented a braver appearance. 

I Still, in spite of our ardor, there appeared a ccr- 

I tain coolness on the part of spectators, which had been 

I previously lacking in our reviews. We did not under- 

?' stand it then, but did afterwards. The fact was, the town 

{ was overrun with soldiers, till, as the phrase then was, you 

I could not rest. This -was the meditative view taken by the 

I . busine.-js population, who were occupied rather in thinking 
I of the additional amount of money that would be spent 

I in the city than our showy appearance, and in the few 

} words that we were permitted to exchange in ranks, the 

people of Richmond began to descend to a low figure. 
liut we soon had cause to change this opinion in every 
resp'ect ; and certainly the ladies of the city, Avhen in the 
afternoon our camp had been pitclied, and who came to see 
us by thousands, magnificently .atoned for any lack of en- 
thusiam during the dij,y. 

It need not be added that there was no city of the Con- 
federacy with which we became so familiar, or to which 
we became so much attached, as Richmond. It was in 

amidst incessiitit marchinp;. it was seat to grace the Louisiaca table of Mrs. 
.Slocomb, at a fair given at Columbia, S. C. ' The colors were however stolen, 
before its arrival from the valine of the soldier who had been entrusted with it, 
together with the valise itself; and thousrh rewards have been offered nothinf; 
has ev>T bc'.-n heard of it from that dav to this. Several of the battle flatrs that 
went with the different balteries were brought back. The silver socket was all 
that was ever brou<rht back of the standard. 

It was displayed for the last time on the works in front of Petersburg, on the 
morning of July -Ith, 186-t, as a sort of defiance suggested by the day. The pro- 
duction of thi.-i Mag wa.s speedily responded to, by the hoisting of apparently ail 

totiri-e subject to a heavy canuocade during the day, tlioueh without once being 


^^ ^ Soldiers Story of the War. 

ITI'1'2'' ""^ """' '■'""■ '■""■' "'"■ -™"d "on-, and be- 
nl.o tLere contracted fos ofmarriase and of buMncs- -.nd 
..ever re „,,,c,l to t],e Crescent Citv There were o; " f 
us butw ,.,.f„rn,ed a large circle o'f friends of ever i;°s 

and in tbe surronndnig camps. To talie a Vir-inia s„l 
<.ers rmpressrons of Eichn.ond from b,s pleasant" 111 
t.o„s, would be the play of Hamlet will, the part of the 

]l..t to retnrn to camp. After the work of pnttin- u„ 

ents, wh,ch we Ibnnd t<, be a tremendous bore^he h Jr 

for eventng dnll had arrived, and a verv lar^ei-o-vd l" d 

JJa ,. hm>se!f fle were overwhelmed with invitations 
o houses and received them just as readil,- with™ 
any tntroducfons, and inside of camp linos, a.s We d d n 
pnvate salons. I used to „-o„Jer how Romulus a. hi" 
MowM-obbers, when they, seized on tl,e Sabine women- 
1.0.V they managed m the sbori;time,lhey had for acnuaint 
.;..ce, to adapt their booty to iudivldu,^ taste-„ 1 e 
.ornrstauce, the white whiskered robber, who had been 
ompe led to take a sentintental prize, did not afterw to wap her ofl to son.e young comrade, in exchange 

abut ;"■;'■ r't ""; "°"'""° ''■'" ''■'■" '>»"■» ■>°"«- 

about he,. Lut as lar as making acquaintances went in 
o r expenence, ,t was how the di,Te,-ent cliques 
a,d eas.,es secned ahnost instinctively or naturallv to 
find o„ and adapt them.,elves to their own kind, whether 

ca.cnlK b,„„.l,t up „,■ Ibud of a wild lii;.. „|' a ,vlici,„,s 

A SohUcr's Story of the War 

f (.1- hn?iiicss turn, or fond of intrigue and adventure. One 

I oi' the latter sort, I remember who was on guard at tlie 

* lime of tlie parade, made a lady acquaintance which made 

f )iim leave his post to accompany her home ; which kept 

I him in all sorts of scrapes for the balance of the war, and 

s which years after led to the singular fiiiuting away of 

t '"a star," (for she finally went on the stage,) in a way 

.}^ that the audience could not understand. By a singu- 

5 sort of coincidence a second lady of the same party 

[ became attached and afterwards married to a soldier who 

I wa.s never once absent without leave, and is now well 

I known in our city for his business capacity. 

\ Discipline was very rigidly enforced, and the guard tent 

I was the centre of intelligeuce, partly because of the 

J details for duty from the various companies, partly because 

fit was generally filled with offenders who had gone off to 
town without leave, and the narrative of whose adven- 
tures about every class of city society was fully as lively 
J as the average newspaper chronicles. Though the guards 

were very strict (rendered doubly so because they them- 
selves had probably already been caught and made to do 
extra duty) there never was any means found out for 
keeping the men in camp when there was no prospect of 
i Kittle. They would cross the lines, apparently to go after 
water to bathe, or wash their clothes, (for we were already 
commencing to do this) and would show no alacrity about 
coming back. As the sight of a soldier dressed to go to 
the city woidd have been enough to have led to his arrest, 
the plan would be to start badly dressed with a bundle as 
. if for wasliing, but which in reality contained, the best 
;^uit. The washing in reality was mostly done by colored 
/'''tu!jlii.ssei(ses who were constantly about camp. ^Vlien 
'liis plan could not be worked at night, some such ruse as 

32 A Soldier's Story of the War. 

turning a horse loose and rushing aftor it v.ould be i-e- 
sorted to. 

Meanwhile in the matter of sleeping accommodations, Ave 
fared rather roughly, for a time. Our blankets were of the 
thinnest .sort, and hardly large enough to envelope a cat. 
When 3"ou covered your feet, your breast would be uncov- 
ei'ed, or a gentle zephyr would be playing about your ears 
or back. Besides, for the first night tliere was nothing 
between us and the ground, and we could not well get to 
sleep without undressing. If ever there was a thoroughly 
disgusted crowd .when the bugle sumraon.ed us at day 
break to roll call, ours was Ihat one. The complaints 
went to the officers, and the one especially in com- 
mand could be heard harshly swearing about everybody 
and everything all througli camp. That w^as the worst 
day we ever had for growling and rough talk. Then too 
we had nothing to eat but very tough fried beef, cut in 
small rhomboids, instead of the magnificent flaps of por- 

\ ter-house steak to which many of us had been accustomed. 

1^ One of the companies had an excellent cook, J. H. Ingra- 

ham, who has since become conspicuous among the colored 
members of the Legislature;* bat Joe, the one we had, 
was such a travesty upon the noble cJiefi of the Crescent 
City, dressed in paper caps and white aprons, that it 
made us furious to hear him lying, chattering and frying, 
as if in defiance of our misery. Joe subsequently grati- 
fied us by deserting to the enemy, and figuring very 
largely as an intelligent and well informed contraband. In 

i some of McClellan's reports the northern papers spoke 

i about giving him an important command. 

one of our eooks, 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 



We remained about Richmond, awaiting orders, several 
weeks/'- undergoing daily a good deal of hard drilling, 

* The folIo'.ritiL' is a letter v.ri5tpn bv Fishback to the X. 0. Crescent, dated 
July 7, IB^il : 

"The third and fourth companies of the Washington Batallion artillery leave 
to-day for Manassas Gap, whither the first two companies have already preceded 

A delay i«i obtaining the canncui, harness and drivers, the lat'.er still wantin2, 
has thus far detained them from what is known as " the scene of action.' We 
h'ave Camp Beaurefrard with {t:w re;.'ret3. Heat, cold, dust, rains, flies — each 
tent looked as if n swarm of bees had been hived in it — altogether, contributed 
to make us tlio moit wretched band of patriots upon whose heads ever descended 
a hoi sun or drenching rain. It was a soldier's life with all Us hardships, with 
none of its pleasiires or excitements. Our only amu.=cnient was cleaning sabres, 
mounting guard, going through the rjotion of loading cannon, and la=tlv, sleep- 
ing under the shade of two stunted trees — the only chance for shade there was 
in the carnp. And then, too, to be so near town, e.i)d not be able to fet there 
ofti-ner on an average than once a week! The old steeples and roof-tops, as 
looked down from &^ir camp U[:on tlu southern metropolis, was for us an en- 
chanted city — some.thing about which we might sigh, dream about, and form 
strange fancies, but could not often see. Any one who obtained two '■ permits" 
during the week was viewed with considerable envy and jealousy, and when he 
returned with his pockets tilled with candy, sweetmeats and whisky, and told 
big stories of having dined with Jeff. Davis, and advised his Cabinet officers, we 
regarded Jiim in the light of a distinguished traveler just returYied from some 

I do not know what we should have done, if we bad not at length growu 
weary of so much camp life, and learned to pass the sentinels' lines without 
always n racnibering to give the countersign. We began to make acquaintances, 
to accept invitations to houses, and there were vague rumors which hinted at 
successes among the fair se:c of a more enduring kind. 

For myself, my raodestT led me to be satisfied with the friendship of a prettv 
widow, the relict, I think, of some deceased butchor; and I can't boa-t that'l 
••ver succeeded in obtaining from her partiality more than an occasional beefateak 
or mutton chop 

Ueturning late one night, I concluded to sleep till tattoo upon a long bench 
which occupied the side of our stable, stealing from a horse his bundle of hay 
for a pillow. I suffered considerably from nightmare, and on awakening w-as 
not ft little astonished to find pillow, straw hat, and the best part even of my 
flannel shirt, alt gone. 

The streets of ]!Ichmond arc t;rowded with almost as many soldiers in uni- 
forms as were those of Paris in the Allied Occupations of 1815, t walked all 
over the city without counting more than ten young men who were not dressed 
a In militairc. Bar rooms and hotels are coining money — your plain drinks, 
(whiskeys, for instance, which cost, perhaps, twenty-live cent.s per gallon) sell 
for fifteen cents a glass, Hnd mint juleps and sherry cobblers at twenty-five cents, 
so that a campaign of six months would be in what the soldier gets for pay 
worth exactly three hnndred and sixty-five drinks 1 

We are lini'iTing up our cannon (''ICfy up that spcnge-staffthere") for the last 
time here, and the men are liling olT(".Vcvcr tnake thfi turnuntil the word, march' ) 

■^■^ A Soldiers Sfory of the War. 

and boconiiug accustomed to our iiev,- duties, (vvlacli ut 
first we found extremely irksoine, and wliich took up 
most of our time) as best we coulrl. The men when not 
on guard duty, drilling, policeing camp, loading the am- 
munition chests, would hunt the shade of small trees, and 
, only move with the shadow, or jvould be seen stretched 
out m the tents, hke so many sullen, discontented animals, 
in the depths of a cave, glaring out angrilv and selfishly 
from their limited quarters at every intruder.* 

By this time, having in our leisure notliing to do but 
sleep, notice and comment on individual character, we 
had come to be i^retty well acquainted with each otlier's 
laihngs and strong points. Like every other organisation 
the Batalhon had its aristocracy and popular favorites' 
^ and coming, as we did, from a large business centre, those 

1 ^v]lo had been previously engaged in commercial pu.-suits 

gave the tone to the balance of the organization— the 
book-keepers and ailaches of the large cotton, commission 
and grocerj' houses assuming, or having accorded to them- 
selves the first rank. Those whose opportunities as clei-Ics 
had thrown them much with the every day ^vorld, had 
sufficient powers of self-assertion to claim probablv the 
next grade, while, as likely as not, the men with theraost 
learning, the deepest experience, rarest talent, and eccen- 
tnoitie.s, generally were regarded rather shyly in the mess 

k'Jed the\wel';i,?":-'"'' having packed our knapsacks, pitcbed our tents, and 


1760757 ^ Soldier's Ston, of the War. 


:uh1 social relations of camp. For instance, a French 
ColuncI who had accompanied us as a volunteer, hardly 
became known bj name, and would never have b^en pro- 
moted to the rank of a Corporal. The same was true of 
■ one or two Prussian officers. Of the half dozen lawjer. 
and the same number of writers, none of them were much 
. thought of— that is in the first year of soldiering But 
the truth was, that the men of most abilitv had no oppor- 
tunity of showing tlieir special talent, and"' had but little 
of any other kind—generally becoming disgusted with 
camp life among the first, and too contemptuous or despair- 
. uig 01 the scanty honors within their reach, to take the 
trouble to obtain them. "The world is full of the suc- 
cesses of common place men," says the proverb and 
undoubtedly the working characters of every day life 
made the best soldiers with us. 

The real aristocracy, however, in the harsh life of a 
camp— as well as everywhere else— which outranks all 
othei-s, IS tlrat which can always command money, and 
which knows how to spend it. Oa a long march in alVr 
years, it is astonishing, when provisions are scarce, how 
much respect we can have for a comrade who has money 
enough to buy a loaf of bread for himself as well as his pooreV 
, , mess-mate. Such a man would* be forthwith invited to 
jom the best messes, and be allowed to shirk, if not the mess work, at least its roughest parts; and his 
^ntluonce m obtaining leave of absence, a horse to ride or 
some body to stand his extra guards, would extend throu'di- 
out the camp. ~ 

The best men would frequently foil of commandino- 

much influence, through modesty and the absence of a 

^tirnng, bustling disposition. There for instance, was 

rules..or Cessner, well known now in our city as an accom- 

■> 1j l . , i. 

, rM 

.,. i!,.-'l 

A Soldier's StoTij of tlie War. 

plished teachei', who vras scarcely kuown in camp, except 
as a faithful, brave soldier; and the same remark would 
' ^ i^pvh' to Ernest Byer, the present Prussian Consul at 
Mobile, and who has since made a fortune in buying cot- 
ton. Corporal Coyle has since found it easier to control 
the coal or towboat business than he did in four years 
service, to get made Sergeant; while our well known 
Notary of the present day, A. J. Hero, though the small- 
est man in the company, through his vigilance, energy and 
unremitting attention to his duties, became Captain of the 
Third Company. 

In what has been said in our social distinctions, reference 

is had rather to the make up and material of the Batal- 

lion <as we started out, than to its character, as we soldiered 

on. The young snob who believed implicitly in blood, 

[ in his fatiier's wealth, family position, or felt elevated 

j above ordinary mortality from having obtained a ftit situa- 

I lion in a banking house or insurance company, got bravely 

over these ideas as he soldiered further on — forgot to part 

his hair in the middle, and learned to regard men rather 

by their worth than their artificial position. On the 

t other hand, those who were not known at all at starting, 

in many instances continued to obtain influential places in 

the Quartermfister's or Commissary department, and make 

their intluence felt in the distribution of rations. The 

tendency of this class, who were generall}'- thought to be 

partial, and were therefore unpopular, was to assume style 

and airs in proportion to their power; however small and 

insignificaut our honors, we liked to have them recognized 

for what they were worth. , 

In the last ^-ear of the war, when the provisions given 
out for three days could have been easily consumed at one 
meal, I received witli several others, an invitation to take 

(♦ .' 

, -...r vl < 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

.limier ^vith the Commissary of our companj-. Althougli 

we luul nothing but fried middling and baker"? bread for 

our repast, no reader at this day can reahze how r.iucli 

awe the hospitality of our Amphytrion inspired, even in 

the breasts of some of the higher officers who happened 

to be present. As each guest present felt in honor bound 

f to eat only a fair share of the delicacies spread before us, 

-| ouo can judge how much of the company's rations had 

s been actually stolen ; the eftect however of these gorgeous 

1 ' . . . 

I spreads, was to create the impression that the detailed 

5 commissaries were reveling in the luxury of Lucullus ; or 

something like the celebrated banquet given years ago in 

this city, where a politician on tlie verge of ruin, spent in 

one night $40,000 in entertaining his friends. 

There were a good many other classes that might be 
named, such as the class who continued to obtain soft 
places, and to shirk duty by flattery and' playing in a very 
modest role as courtiers — such too as the musical choirs — a 
class much envied, who through their talents were always 
welcomed, not uufrequently to the exclusion of less for- 
tunate rivals. 

Having stated tlius much of the critisisms which sol- 
diers, for absence of other employment, passed upon each 
other, it is but just to add, that with no hope of glory or 
of doing more than what every man ought to do for bis 
country, they bore their trials, the meanest of them, with 
excellent spirit. Their miseries which were indeed great, 
were met with no discontent. Tliere was no crime — 
there were no murmurs — and there waa a patient acquies- ■* 

fence in orders, except when men were detailed to be away 
from the battle field, and these were hardly ever obeyed. 


A Soldier's Stoni of the War. 

C H A P T E R ^^I 


Having bade adieu to civilization and comfort at Ricli- 
mond, a dusty day and night of traTel brought us to 
Manassas. 1 remember nothing of this, except that there 
were two or three ill-natured disputes among the men who 
were out of humor about seats, and that the farther we 
traveled, the less impressed seemed the vrorld, at the sight 
of a soldiers uniform. It was evident that the farmers, 
so far from regarding us as patriots, were concerned only 
about the best means of p)-eserviug their fences and crops ; 
our predecessors in soldiering had taught them this much 
already. Instead of fair women to welcome us Vi'itli 
flowers, we saw if we got out of the cars, only cynical 
landlords who regarded with an evil eye any attempt at 
a free use of his water or towels, or who Avould indulge in 
sneering remarks in reference to a lavish extravagance in 
the matter of soap. 

Arrived at the depot, which was afterwards to become 
so identified with our recollections of Yii'giuia, we were 
set to work in the hot sun at getting off our guns, horses, 
and anmiunition chests. AYe had then to take the road to 
'•Camp Louisiana,"' whither two of our companies, 1st and 
2nd, had alread\- preceded us. "We found them pleasantly 
entrenched on the south Ijank of Cull Kun, in rows of 
tents connected by an arbor shade, and which latter was 
as great a luxury to us as Jonah's Gourd was to the much 
complaining propliet. Our comrades who preceded us 
consoled us for our fatigue and travel, by welcoming us r 
to a dinner on beans — equivalent on the field to covers at 
Fritz's or John's at tliis day. Still it was not without some 
agony and drpression of soui. that we came down to sheet- 


' t. J I > 


". ill r . 7 ;:i "f 

'r i,v. i 'itn '-i ''■ •': 11 ,.CHC''J iil; 5 .''a 

:... - ..■ ,.■ .n, ,i ,..I r. , ::.! 
•. .'/ -f..!;!-! .I'll'' ,v iii;r. .-''ij:!!- V, 

.t-:| ■ :..; ) ;j. 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

iron crackeivs, or hard-tack, or reconciled ourselves to the 
afterwards familiar smell of fried bacon, with which, to 
tell the truth, I have, ever since the war, associated mili- 
tary glor3^ ]N'ow commenced those longings for sweet- 
meats and vegetables with which our soldiers for four 
years were consumed, and so hardly, indeed, did it fare 
with us in diel, tliat the most intellectual men in the Ba- 
tallion probably spent more time in painful or .envious 
thought as to the best means of obtaining pies, chickens 
and eggs than we did on any other subject — patriotism, 
danger, home and sweethearts, all included. 

Those were the daj's when alarms were of very frequent 
occurrence — when the imagination was excited by talk of 
masked batteries, black horse cavalry, " Tigers, " Zouave 
slaughters, and the like — when cautious sentinels would 
watch the ears of horses to discern the first tread of the 
foe. (thirty miles distant) or .when the return of the bat- 
tery-horses from Avatering, "would lead to a rush of the 
guard to arms, or to the prancing around of the officer of 
the day'with a drawn sabre, and a iremendous shout to the 
ofl-duty men to "Fall in." 1 remember one fine looking 
officer, diirk, bushy whiskered, and covered with a red-lined 
cloak, who went through the pantomime of rushing to meet 
tJic whole of McDowell's army, so dramatically — in the 
stjle of Forrest, sa}- — that we all voted him, in camp talk, 
promotion at once. 

But at last the alarm which we had felt in our bones 
for days previous did come — a rocket had Ijeen seen — as 
well as a pillar of smoke, and these marked the approach "^ 

of the enemy. The most prudent betook ourselves to 
lacking and looking after rations — bathers came in from 
tlie Run ; idlers quit lazing in the shade, and even the cooks 
who v.ere dancing or singing around the camp fires, became 

,1?: ly 


LI < 

O.ll . '1. .!■■ : it i i^ 


40 , A Soldier's Story of the War. 

silent and Avatchful. We did not wait long — soon came 
the bugle sound to ••Hitch up," and of "Boots and saddle," 
and in a moment all was confusion. In less than an hour 
afterwards the white tents had disappeared and we were 
galloping off to positions assigned us at the various fords.* 

I was I3 ing on a caisson the next day, reading an old 
i;irmhouse novel, when we saw the enemy appear on the 
opposite- heights. I did not believe then it was worth 
while turning down a leaf, even when we could see the 
gleam of the sun on their brass pieces or arms. A light 
curl of smoke, followed by a shot, which we could see 
coming towards us, and which looked like an India rubber 
ball thrown through the air, convinced us that the first shot 
had been actually fired. We shifted our position — as 
their guns were of longer range — and soon saw our line 
of infantry moving towards the Run. The regiments that 
then moved forward were mostly composed of sanguine 
impetuous young men, the pick of the fighting material 
of the South, who moved forward with loud shouts and 
an exultant swing at the prospective combat, and who 
were so* impulsive and imprudent, that they threw away 
their knapsacks and blankets in order to have more free- 
dom of niovemeut. They felt the need of them badly before 
we were through with our fighting. 

As the day advanced (the ISth of June) the enemy 
made an attempt to cross the Run — our batteries were 
shoved forward, the infantry opened fire, which rattled 

♦Genera! Evans of Sor.ili Ciiro'iim. ivas the first to lead his I!riS''Je into action 
Rt Stone Bi-i.lf:e. It consisteii ol the Foiittli Soiitli L'api/lina I!ti.'iment and 
Wheat's Louisiiirui Batallion. Sn-hiininjr them, was (!cne. al Cocke's Briiade, 
consisting of t!ie ITtli. iSib and 2Stli Virjrinia Hesrimenls, commanded rcsiH'Clivelv 
bj CoL=. Cocke, Withers, and Uohert T. I'reston. These Brifja.les were the first 
to the hrnm of tlie action, as tliey were exposed to a eiincentnc fire, the 
object of the eiieniv l^ei; j to turn our Icit Dank wliile we we.-e endeav.Tini^- to 
turn his rit'lit. 1 liese r',-i.'inients 01 iniaiury w cm- =u>lainiii!T tlie l;!iii"ii~ Wash- 
ington Artilier.v, 01 .New Ui.Laus. who had two ol tludr jrunsat this point, v.hieh 
made terrildc liavoc in the ranks of tlie vwcxny.—lUchmond DUi'atch, July Uth. 

J.I :U- t k; 

,)„'n n ir 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 41 

J ;<|()ii,ir the line in murderous volleyt;. und the .skirmish or 

I biirtlc of IJuU Run was brought on. 

! It wa.-i ju.-it a.s much of a })attlo. so f\xr as our artillery 

I was cont-orued, as any we afterwards were in, as we were 

i under hea^y fire and continued in action until the fight 

I was decided. It had been conmienced, according to Swin- 

I ton, through the "silly ambition" of Gen. Tyler, '"who got 

-i it into his head that the enemy Arould run Avhenever seri- 

f ou.sly menaced." In pursuance of a belief that the man 

? that got jianassas would be the great man of the war, 

J. and of an intention, as he expressed it, ''to go tbi'ough 

I that night," he drew up his forces on Bull Eun parallel to 

I the Confederate troops, and opened an unmeaning fusil- 

lade. The result did not correspond to his expectations. 
The Confederates did not scare Vvorth a cent; on the 
contrary, they suddenly charged across with a loud yell, 
and astonished T^der by completely disrupting his left 
Hank. Meanwhile the guns of the A^ashington Artillery, 
which had been distributed about, at the various fords, 
kept up an active fire until the foe had disappeared. 

Tile following memoranda of the affair of the ISth, 
was made by Adjutant (afterwards Lieut Colonel) Owen, 
to whose journal fre<pient reference will be made in these 
pages : 

••'Camp was broken upon the 17th, owing to the driving 
in of our pickets and the advance of the enemy. Troojis 
withdrawn from north side of Bull Eun. Baggage was 
ordered to Manassas; bivouacked in a pine thiclvet, near 
McLean's. Guns placed at McLean's and Blackburn's 
Fords ; we were roused on the ISth, before day, the bat- 
ti'ries getting closer to the fords, and one detachment 
i:''ing sent to Union Mills. Zouaves seen moving about 
in the woods on opposite heights." ' 

/nr- . 1, >,' v.'iv-' 

■J I .' ! 

)- ■■ t'.- . {! 

' '.I'J Mil ,jj, r. ,/.t-''v, ■■:.■■,■ ■nw) ■' 
■■■HI r ': ■H\i f.n), 

(. f( . -1m Vilj 111 

'^^ ^4 Soldier's Story of the IVa. 

A puftlou of the second r.i)d third companies ^yere or- 
dered to Bh.ckburn's ford. Geo. W. Muse, a young mon 
of much promise and amiability was the first vict-Im of the 
war m the Batallion. Gen. Beauregard, after the en-a-e- 
ment, sent us word that we had behaved ''like veteran's " 
I The troops kept about their same positions during the 

- , following day, though subject to frequent movements 

and alarms. At a consultation of our Generals, held at 
McLean's house, afterwards used as a hospital. Beaure-ard 
said on the :^()th, " Let to-morrow be our Waterloo "' If 
h.s prediction had been carried out, for which the Con- 
federate Army had every facility in the route of Mauas^?. 
It IS not too much to suppose that the history of the Con- 
federate war ^vould have been somewhat different from 
what it is. 

The following was the report of Gen. Beauregard, of 
the action of the Washington Artillery upon the ISth of 

"It was at this stage of the affair that a remarkable artil- 
lery duel was commenced and maintained on our .ide 
AvitJi a long trained professional opponent, superior in char- 
acter as well as in the number of his weapons, provided 
^vith improved munitions and every artillerv applian-e 
and at the same time occuj)ying the commanding position' 
J he results were marvelous and fitting precursors to the 
artillery achievements of the 2Lst of July. In the out 
•set, our fire M-as directed against the enemy's Infantrv 
whose bayonets, gleaming above the tree-tops, alone indi- 
cated their presence and force. This drew. the attention 
of a battery placed on a high, commanding ridge, and the 
duel begaii in earnest. Fu.- a time, the aim of the adver- 
sary was inaccurate, but this was ciuickly corrected, and 
shot loll and shells burst thick and fast in the very mid^t 

bl >,.,,// 


J ' -." • lU-Jv .'.Hi, • 

,t <<: ! 1.1 

A Soldier's story of the War. 43 

of our batten-, ■wounding in the course of the combat, 
Ciipt. E-blenian, five privates, and the horse of Lieut. 
Kichard.-on. From the position of our pieces, and the 
nature of the ground, their aim covdd only be dirocti-d at 
the smoke of the enemy's artillery ; how skilfully and 
with what execution this Avas done, can only be realized 
by un eye witness. For a few moments their guns were 
silenced, l.'ut soon reopened. Bj- direction of Gen. Long- 
street, his battery was then advanced by hand, out of the 
range now ascertained by the enemy, and a shower of 
spherical case, shell and round shot flew over the heads 
of our gunners ; but one of our pieces had become hors cle 
comhat from an enlarged vent. From the new position cur 
guns fired as before, with no other aim than the saioke 
and of tlieir adversaries' pieces, renewed and urged 
the conflict with such signal vigor and effect, that gradu- 
all}' the fire of the enemy slackened, the interval between 
their discharges grew longer and longer, finally to cease, 
and we fired a last gun at a baffled, flying foe, whose heavy 
masses in the distance were plainly seen to break and 
scatter in wild confusion and utter rout, strewing the 
ground with cast awaj^ guns, hats, blankets and knapsacks^ 
as our parting shells v.-ere thrown among them. In their 
retreat one of their pieces was abandoned, but, from the 
nature of the ground, it was not sent for that night, and 
under cover of darkness the enemy recovered it." 

The guns engaged in this singular conflict on our side, 
were three G-pounder ritle pieces, and four ordinary G- 
liuiiiulcrs. all of Walton's battery — the Washington Artil- 
Kry of New Orleans. The oflicers immediately attached, 
were Capt. Eshleman, Lieuts. C. W. Squire.s, IJichardson, 
Garnet and Wh.ittington. At tlie same time our inianfry 
lifld the haui> iif the stream, in advance of our guns, as the 

(;;l ., 'U ><:l .\ 

u> yv..\^ 

.,• •■•I, 

;i (-1 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

missiles of the ooniljulaiito liew to and fro above them.; as 
cool and vet^Tan-like, for more than an hour, thov sroadilj 
av\-aited the moment and signal for the advance' 



The bfcttle of Manassa.^ was, in manv respects, the most 
curious, aiid at the same time, the least eventful of the war. 
If the Federals had given battle on Saturday instead of 
Sunday, (the 21st of July.) they Avould have encountered 
the Confederate army without Johnston's command, whose 
men, ;is it was, only arrived at the most critical moment. 
.,: ■ i^' t^i*- Federals had delayed their attack a fosv !)ours 

I ■ longer, Beauregard, dreading Patterson's arri\al, would 

have attacked them, witli all the advantages of position 
on their side. , In ]io Irittle of the war was there so much 
of the heroic element developed; the leading generals 
Ibught like private .<^oldiers. Gen. Johnston threw him- 
self into the thickest of the fight, and le.l the gallant 8th 
Georgia F.egiraent on with their glorious cofors in his 
hand; Beauregard charged at the lieadof Hampton's Le- 
gion. Jle was riding up and down the lines between the 
enemy and our men, thoroughly combative, shouting thena 
on with desperate ardor. Still the battle wasgoing airainst 
us. J5ee, Bartow, Fish,.,-, Branch and all the field oificers 
of some regiments wore killed Avhile struggling to main- 
taui tlie Confoderate line. This was being slowly driven 
b;,ck a mile and a half But now the quick py,- of 
Jackson discovers a weakly guarded battery and swoops 
down ujion it: Beauregard at the same time pu.hod for- 

M' A 

nvo: bnn 

,1. 'V < !l: I 

A Soldier's Stonj of tHe War. 

wnrd to regain his lino, and so the chances went balancing 
from one side to the other — the Confederates at one moment 
driving, at the next being driven. Finally, while John- 
.-ton, like Wellington about Blucher, was sighing for his 
additional regiments to appear in sight, Kirby Smith, who 
had come fifteen miles since the battle commenced, now 
rushes forward, and though he falls wounded, cheer after 
olioer from the Confederates tells that the battle is won.* 
The rest was but the stampede of a panic-stricken army 
towards Washington.-]- 

We make the following further extracts from Adjutant 
Owen's report : 

''Gen. Kirby Smith coming up on the left, the enemy are 
routed; we firing the last gua. At 4 F. ii. I rode over the 
field and saw the efl'ects of battle for the firs-t time. Men 
lay killed and wounded on every side — broken muskets, 
jjieces of clothing and dead horses and disabled cannon 
were scattered about. 

"We had Ijcen fighting Sherman's, Griffin's and Sprague's 
lUiode Island Batteries. In the panic they left all their 
guns where they had been fighting, near Mrs. Henry's 

*ni.= coming n;i, I heard one soliirr remark, wa<5 like the throiving of four 
tTcs upon a poker table. There was nothing more to be done bat to sweep in 

fJtLY 21. — Enemy shelling different portions of our line from the high ground 
on the other side of Bull Run ; it is evident we will have another battle to-day. 

" A. M. — Five p;uL5 under Capt. SqnirfS ordered to Lewis House, near the 
■-tone Hridge. Kuemy moving towards our left ; Evans and Wheat fightingthcre 
tud falling back. Two rifle guns ordered forw.ard. Knemy still pushing us, and 
it now becomes evident, from the clouds of dust -wbieh rise over their line of 
I'Mrch. that the enemy's main attack will be directed here. Gens. Beauregaru 
kkJ Jiihnston ride by us: fresh trofp; ordered up; our guns ordered in. We go 
ii;!o no-iiion under heavy fire, ami fight the enemy's batteries around Heury 
I! ■•■i^e. Jos Reynolds talis mortally V.mnded. In the thickest of the battle 
<;*n. Ilesuregard, Capts. Chisholm and Hayward ride up. Gen. B. said to Ccl. 
V>«Um.. in p-issing, 

"Uold this position there, and the day is ours. Three cheers for Louisiniia." 
^ The cheer was taken up on our right and left and ran the whole length of the 
••■'tile line. At this instant the tieueral's horse ha.! his bead shot otf, and his 
All took Sergt. Owen's mare, much to the lotter's disgust. — Batallimt Journal. 

A Soldiers Story of the War. 

hou^e. She, poor old lady, -was behveou two fires, and 
was killed in hed. We buriod her in her garden. 

-Lieut. Douring and I brought in the colors of the 2d 
^Michigan Regiment, and gave them to Gen. Beauregard. 
5 p. ii. President Davis arrives from Richmond — is received 
with great cheering. The pursuit has been checked ; -vvh j 
we cannot tell. It is reported the enemy are going at 
"double" for Washington. Bivouac on the field.'' 

The fact that the last gun of the day was fired by our 
battery will be confirmed by the following from the Peters- 
burg Daily E^rprtss, July 2Gth, 1861 : 

" The W.-ishlnglon Artillery, who hail drawn their guns up the hill an.l \a 
front of the hou?e known as Mr. I.ev.-is' — Gen. Cocke's and Gen. Johnston's 
headquiirters, and which »vas riddled with shot — connn.inded by Major J. B. 
AVulton in person, guve the enemy about this time a parting salute. * * 

'• Before the hall hud well reached the point aimed .it, a whole regiment of the 
eneray appeared in sight, goiu^ at the -dunhie quick'' down the Centreviile 
road. Major Walton' immediately ordered another shot "to help them along. " 
as he said, and two were sent without delay right at ihcm. There was no 
obstruction, and the whole front of the re^riment was exposed. One-half were 
seen to fall, and if Gen. Johnston had rot at that nioniect sent an aid to Major 
WaitOE, with an order to cease lirinj;, n-arly the whole re;_'imeiit would hive 
been killed/' 

Draper, in his history of the war, says that the panic 
was produced by the jam over one of the bridges, aiul 
the unexpected cxjdosion of a shell m the midst of the 

Considering that the route of the Federal army was 
complete, the most astonishing thing in the world was 
that none of the despertite ardor that-had chtiracterized 
the generals and troops came to the suifai^e now. The 
promptness of Evans, on our left l!ank, in foruung a 
new line of battle with a handful of men. iliffcrent from 
what he had anticipated, togotiier with tlic resistance of 
Wheafs(La.) Battalion, the 4tli Alabama, and 8th Gecr- 
gia, had stemmed the tide until the other Confederate 
troops, who were totally unprepared for the situation, 
could conu' up; in otlier words, about ail the generalsliip 

ii,i '..r.U'T 

.■i.-'ii ! 

7 v..) ■'• !,-' 

{ T. ^,n.<-". 

A Soldiers Story cf the War. 47 

y tiiat was displayed or mucl) needed, was to animate the 

I tnxips on the ground, and to siiove in the balance aa fast 

i a- ihev arrived on the field. But when the buttle was 

\ over, the leading actors were either killed, worn out, or 

f i;.'tiorant of their victory, or incapable of profiting by it. 

\ \ remember seeing some oflicers stop, betbre charging, to 

i read the news of the glorious victory to a brigade who 

I had not been in the fight at all, and the slowness -with 

I which the brigade moved off in pursuit, contrasted strongly 

I with the im];etuous rushes which the men learned at a 

\ later day to make. It is hardly credible to think of our 

\ attacking afterwards impregnable positions like Gettys- 

1 liurg and Malvern Hill, and showing lack of the requisite 

\ lire in the moment of victory. A little of the daring of 

f t'ortes or Pizarro was wlint we needed. Jackson, who 

I iitid been pointed out as standing like a stonewall, and 

s v.hose cry of, "We must give them the bayonet," had 

I huL^elv decided the battle, earlier in the day — Jackson 

f li;>d too little influence to control, and neither he nor 

I Longstreet (the men on whom Lee afterwards principally 

I r.jlied,) had fairly come to the surface. We had three 

I cumnianders-in-ehief during the day, and it was to the 

I weakness of some one of thorn that our cavalry charged 

"lily for a mile or two. As Greeley truly states, "there 
wi re hours of daylight when our troops rushed madly 
fnun the held like frightened sheep, yet their pursuit 
amounted to nothing." The truth was that the Federal 
i:iiiy was in a great deal worse condition than Lee in 
his final retreat, (who took two hundred prisoners a few 
■ iiiuments before surrendering at Appomatox Court-House.) 
find if the cavalry of Manassas had corresponded to that 
<'l' our enemy's in the last fight, there is no reason why 
tlic \vhole of the Federal army should nut have been' 

'1 ::.d .-! tl 

.1. -111.)- ■! ■■'«-•. 'Ml 

1I3 jt •.>fij'>'> .'I b-*;'' '.b 

A \V.S, I-.- I «i, "■■■■ i' U 

J II bij«j.> ■< 1 1' L ; 'i>i<'i '■>'■.• 'i< 

^'' A SMier's Story of the War. 

A- ill!- what tbilcAved after tho battle,* all of the military 
rultsn-ere observed, and by ordinary prudential lights the 
^var ^vas prolonged as well this way as perhaps" by any 
other means that could have been adopted. But this 
policy did not correspond to the vishes and dreams of the 
men, who were, from impatience of camp lite and disci- 

* Ei.'ruct from the Adjut 

JcLV 2:d— Raining:' this mornin-r ; rode do 
the route of the fleeing column ; we pass lar 
the road is strewn with puns, clothiccr and 
and wagons— some filled with wine nnd luxi 
memhcrj of Corgres; and others, came with 

'int'f Journal. 

ivn the turnpike towards Centreviile- 
Ije numbers of prisoner* coming in! 
dea.! men; abiiidoned aicbulances 
liits of every kind. .Vanr citizens, 
til- Federal Army to -'see the fun;" came as far as Centreville-we have seen several carrisge^ cominc. lu 

At Cud Run susj^ension b.idje. evHryiuir.jr io jammed and smashed mI C«d- 
u red here a pood supplv of red blankets and overcoats, which were distributed 
o the men OE returaiunr to camp. 

'^^r^^^ ^"^""v ^'■^^ ''""!" ^^^^ *<' Wafhicf ton. and evervthiup is supposed to 
lact, perioMS couiinj from there say, all orgauizatioi; 
e on and enter Washiugton, Pres. Davis^aud Gen. 

be in a gieat coufusio 
is gone ; why we don 
Beauregard best know. 

ACGLST Ist— Still 
routine of camp life, 

- ■ ol'l camp-ground, going throush the dull 

imp me. \\e see many visitors datly who have come on'to visit the 
.nnu h f „'''^ are ,:ept busy rming about .^nu pointing out objects of interest; 
enough of th.- eiplodea ca...sous belongin.r t,, Sherman's Battery has beeu 
carried away to build a house; we live splendidly. Chickens, eg' ' ve<.etab le, 
milk, ice, and claret, pati ae foi gras, sardines, etc. Mr. Slidell oFxew'Orl-ans' 
InUiery.' ""'" ''"' "^ °°'^ according to the papers, the /a,«o«. Washington 

SiPT. — Change our camp to Centrevil 
beautifully, and the Xiiird Company h, 
branches aad le.tves. 

Oct.— Move camp to Fairfax C. H., (Crap Benjamin.) 

.\ov.-i he Army fall., backto Centrevllle; fortification -r, on the heir-hf 
our :s near Gen. Beauregard ; a new supply of tents have bJcu .ent u^ fro, u 
iNew Orleans ; our camp looks verv prettv. 

the^KsifjTly!"'" "'""'^"'gvf inter "quarters ou Bull Hun, on the old battle field of 
Banv^n!"/ tTT """"'Y r'"''' '' 'f ''^ °"'' ^^S'''^"-'.^- «i"' ^^ street for each Cot.,- 
>vtndows; the olhcers have double houses, two rooms on a line und at ri'ht 
acglei with the Company Street, the staff on a T ' 
Ofiicers, the long stable for the horses 
park of Guns. 

n„ff ■~^'?: Beauregard and Staff have left us : have been or<iered to the West; 
much recrretH telt at his being removed. Gen. Joe Johnston i,. In co.nman'd • 
we have but dO,000 men here, and lean, that McClellan is massin.- a lar^e fore; 
at A!exanari.i; we anticipate a retreat from our present position "we have some 
Fa"aliioT ^^ " '''*' ^^''"'"= * '""'' '"'" '""""^ ^''^ ^'- P'^"''* Cha.sseur. 
.\lA6ca 0— Attache-a to Gen. Longstreefs Division by order of Gcu. Johnstcn. 

it Camp Orleans — it is laid out, 
streets covered by an arbor of 

rear of the Company', 
in front of the camp, as is also the 

A Soldiers Slorij of the War. 

plino, compelled to die a thousand deaths, and rot away 
in idleness. In the same way that in times of revolution, .^ 
the public prefers the bloodiest tragedies on the stage, or 
that the soldier selects the -wildest and most bizarre novel 
fur camp reading — in the same way ought our generals to 
have found work for an army, upon whose i-anks, inaction 
was more faial than the bullets of the enemy. For a 
cause that from the first could not hope for success, if con- 
tinued on until one side or the other was exhausted, 
appeals to extraordinary motives should have been made, 
daring chances should have been encountered, the feelings 
and pa.ssions which make a frenzied people superior to all 
military force, should have been stirred up. To do some- 
thing was the true policy of the Confederacy. Our troops 
were then the flower of the South, men capable of extra- 
ordinary things. The}' could have been made to dis- 
perse and re-assemble, in and out of the enemy's coun- 
try — as was once done by a Roman conspirator who, 
finding his six hundred men surrounded, ordered eacti 
man to shift for himself and report at Kouie, hundreds of 
miles distant- Any plan as wild for instance, as that of 
Mahomet aifd his few followers who broke down the Kasl- 
eru Eoman Empire, would have been better than slow 
srrategy, where our eueiijy had every ailvantage in 
niilitary resources, in the facility of filling up their regi- 
ments with foreigners, and in the more patient temper oi' 
the troops. The fact that the South sent so many men of 
education and accomphshments into the ranks, lying about 
camps idle for months, was an evidence of the devotion 
of her people, and at the same time of the heavy strain 
there was upon her. A man ignorant of fencing, and who 
lights without rules, will frequently disconcert his expe- 
rienced antagoni.-^t; on the same principle having to meet 

;;!:; , i K 

I ,.r !r J! 
. .■l-.i!r!;i< 

I •'.'., i )tj. ;.i 

A Soldirr's Storij of tho War. 

n foe \vlio would ahvnvs be better jii-epiared than liiuiself 
for standing a fong war,, the South ought to liave adopted 
a poUcy v.liieh savored rather of madness and desperation 
than one of retreats. 

PossiLly'the war in this way Avould have been ended in 
a few months. If so the means suggested weie the best. 
If otherw ise, it ouglit to have been the best reason for 
preventing tlie total destruction of ])roperty in the South. '^"" 

*Col. J. U. Walton, states tliat the U;itallion canitd into various portioDS of 
the line on the 2Ist, thirteen ^suns under the cominauds of Miller. Le«is, Richard- 
s-on. Squires, Uosser, Slocoml). Buttles, Xorcom, Garnett, and Whittington, iliree 
rifled 3i.t pounders, and the baiante i twelve pound liowitzers and smooth sis 
pounders. Tiic battery under Lieut. Stjuires, received the first lire iVoui the 
enemy's guns. Fire was shortly after opened by Lieut. Ricliard^ou ; Ser^jeaut 
Owen dismounted one of the enttny's juos. .-Vbout 10 A. M., the artillery was 
upon the cre^t strujfgled for during the day, subject to a terrific lire, the men 
working as silently and conipo.iedlr as when on ordinary drill, until the tire of 
the enemy Vr;\s silenced. About i p. M., Lieut. Squires took position on the 
Stone Hridfre fluad, and opened fire upon the retreaiinpr columns of the enemy 
until ordered i nioraentariiv) by Uen. Johnston to save our ammunition: soon 
alter, having' obtained the'ir ran-e, our shots fell like target practice uiion im 
enemy retreatiruj by thousands. . '-The last gun of the 21st was fired from one 
of the rifles of my battery." Seriieant. J. D. Reynolds, killed — wounded, Cor- 
poral K. C. Tayne, 1st Company; (i. L. Crutcher, 4th Company. 

•Oen. Boauresard in his report says, thin two pieces of tiie Washintrton Artil- 
lery under Richardson, four under luiboden. confronted Hentzleman's Division, 
and another at about 11 a. m. The Confederates then had only Evans, (Wheat s 
gallant Bataliion,) Bee and Bartow, and two Conipanies of the litli .Miss. Atrain?! 
this odds, scarcely credible, our advanced position was lor a while maiiiuiiued, 
and the enemy's ranksjonstantly broken and .-ihattcred under the scon-hing tire 
of our tuen. Col. Early, with the 7th Va., and liay's Tth La., came on the ground 
immediately after Klzy, and took position near the Chinn House, under a severe 
fire, outflanking the enemy's right. At this moment, under a combined .attack 
all along the line, and iiy the aid of the fresh troops, we hnally carried the- con- 
tested plateau, and '• Early's Brigade pursued the now panic-stricken enemy.' — 
B'jaurcj'ird'i r.j.oit, baitU of Marut.-.vis. 

Tde^iram suit of the B<itlk of Mauuss^is. 

RicaMOND, July 21— ('>(•.;««( 25tli.) Out of the four hundred of Wheat's 
Command enga.'ed, less than a hundred escaped being either killed or wounded. 
The Catahoula Guerillas, Capt. Bahoup, belonging to" the Bataliion,' fought with 

Letter from a m-'mher of Whvil's BcU'iUion. 

{ .\ I't ISGI.) On .^^unday 'Jlft, at sunrise, the eiieniy commenced 
throwing shot and shell among us; tiie enemy fired as if all hell had been 
set loose. Flat upon our faces we received their showers of halls; a moment's 
pause, atid we ro=e, closed upon them with fierce yells, clubbing our rifles and 
using our !on? knive.'. This band to hand fight lai^fcJ until fresh reinforcements 
drove u» back — wo carrying our wounded witli us, .Major Wheat was here 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

j j CM APT Eli VIII. 

j t CAAIP i.U-K. 

[- \ ^"^^ the battle, we bad for ^omo months^== no other incl- 

I i ^i'^'/.™"' A'-^ ^"^-^^ <->'■ )nnte-3 horse wa. shot under him; our U, Li 

►. D.cV Jhuvkius, was «-oui.d«d, shot through the breiist and — =- • 

[ I of ..iiM and bounded..;;:-;.;:;;:.,, xr ■"''" ^"'^ ""='■ ^"^ "-^ --"- 

Lou.s.ana. 1 ho nrugj^le ,.as decided. The gallant Seventh had 'kl able nu'cked" 
It lor niue miles, and came rushing into the ti-ht Thei- H.-nH ,i^ 
w.,n„po|.U blank range, and chur^fd with nLd^^on^ ^ ""' "^ ''^^ ^^""^ 
\\ hen the fight and pursuit were ove- we wf-r^ ,i,^.„-n „^ ■ i- 

for thi. day's work, shall never be for.^ottea, whether ,-ou e „ 'nl ^atalhon, 




Of ^ll^'^'ul'l!" ''■■'"" '■ :''!'; 'h.^'" ^■*'''^.'' ''7''« '°^= '^ 'he resignation 
Lewis. Siocom'. U -,'uhornwere Capt. Isaacson and Lieutenants 

• Thtpi.'-J^^^;r^:3 — ----^^-B^nvilJ^ 


Th'.. u'l\v3*«Tno''' , ' ■■■'"^■'''°'') ^ g'-'est of Beaure.ET.^rd fortwo daT= 

K«ntl,ers"hadbe,„i;,' ..J ,- ,, ", 3';"'-''s-.'-'' ^'^''r^^^b" that '■ Old Fuss ■-•."nd 
a r;.-or-ia,' , ■ ,"" i '■'['!■' -^^^ the Pnnce enjoyed the joke largeiv, uruil 
ae.ionof aJourtmlrti;! '" "' "'^""'"^'^<^ * disposition to anticipate the 

was g,u„K thirteen miles in the enemv's l.n \ :: , , : "';.!„,,''. " "" "'' 

i';;^i^e-pr:t;;;:\::u";;b:^^;^;'^',=^:;;:;:^ f-;; a ,,.; ' - -;-p'if;Vup to date, 
vo.uMo:i:t'!:nrir 't^:^^u ^:. '^^rr''^''^ -"^^ *- u'^^h^s 

sifon for live iHui^and ne. Tn r \ ■■•" ,^'^"<^'''^>- '"'^^^^ -'^ second rer|ai. 

Mi...i-,i.;;r tl.roo i T "S""^^"'^ '"'^ '^^° batalUons are now in Vir.-ini.a on. " 
'•i-S'dc. ' oi.nVrn '^'•'"'"'•ky, and hve v.ithin our own State. There h,.vc Lpo- 
'!-.'M.e.nIf '"'"'"""' °'' '"f^ntry mustered in for the special det'-u -. o-' 

I [ I / .A:r v<^i 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

rlenls in our life than the changing from one camp to 
anotlier — the distribution of uniforms, drill, guard-mount- 
ing and an occasional detail to go with the wagons to 
Manassas Statioii to get corn and provisions. This latter 
duty or privilege, of riding in a six-mule wagon, driven 
at full speed, which almost jolted the teeth out of you, 
was regarded in somewhat the same light at that day as 
a drive over the shell road would be now. It was a hap- 
])iness to get a half a dozen miles from camp, and besides 
that we liad a ( hancc of meeting up with friends from 
other orgaaizatioiis; and, if we had any money, of spend- 
ing it. The.-;e meetings were not, however, generally very 
satisfoctory, and resulted only in showing how meji let 
down as they soldiered on. If the writer of the "Guide 
to Politeness" had had his rations of water limited to 
what he could carry in his canteen, it is doubtful whether 
he vrould have insisted so strongh- that no man could be 
a gentleman who did not wash his face at least once every 
da}'. Possibly, too, in time he would have had his views 
modified as to the amount of mud upon a man's back or 
straw in his hair admissible in strictest drawing room 
etiquette. Count D'Orsay and Beau. Brummel would in 
the end have become disgusted at having to substitute a 
tin plate, a ?<? Jack Strop, for a Venitian mirror — to trying 
to imagine thpt his frying pan at dinner represented costly 
plate or Sevres china, or to using clothes brushes to which 
the backs of the battery horses might have advanced 
superior claims. AVe were so overwhelmed with absurd 
I changes and variations upon all onlinary modes of living, 

I that things became, after a while, as was said bv the 

■r Texan (when he saw every thing he owned burned down 

f or destroyed) " perfectly ridiculous."' 

h . The worst of it was. too, that though somebodv was 

,./tf ..(:■ 

■ . ;::-,!rM- -Jv 

lb lo 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 

always failii;t; ;' victim to these vontre tc)nj>s or iiinovutions, 
the jokes gotten ofi" a'lout them would not always be of 
the most original or outrageously funny sort. They sel- 
dom, for many of us, amounted to much beyond avrakeii- 
ing a sad smile, the fii'st tiine they Avcro told; and tiiey 
(lid not pan out any Ijelter as they grew in age. But 
^\ ith the vitajority they wore well, like army clothing; 
and they -were a well-spring of joy to a good many old 
Iniffers, whose heart}- haw-haws would at the same time 
reward the narrators, each time they were told, and 
threaten the stability of ouiyather ricket}' tents. 

One of these standing camp jokes I may as well mention 
here, as an illustration of what tent-life is in summer, 
rather than from any fondness for inflicting old stories. 
It was about some man who went dead in some particu- 
larly hot camp, and whose ghost, some nights after, 
haunted his old comrades ; not because of any remorse, 
or Ibr the reasons that glio.-ts usually come. The gliost's 
ri'al reason, he stated in answer to a 
Ui)on the subject was, that hell was so cold compared 
wilh the heat of camp, that the place seemed to have 
burned down and fro7.en over, and he had consequently 
got a leave of absence to come back for his blanket. This 
.I'ike had a big run in both armies; in fact there was only 
"ue other that was oftener quoted; that of the sutler who 
f')unil he had to compete in selling whisky with a chap who 
h:id gone lieliind his tent, and who, with aid of a gimlet, 
^vas underselling him from the sutler's own barrel. One 
ol" the yarns said to have secured the passage of the 
C'luscript law, was told of an otlicer who had leave of 
a'jMiico to go home and raise a volunteer regiment, si.x; 
'""•ittis after we learned wliat soldiering was. When the 
■^'A-rctary of >State inquired how he was getting on, the 

;i;i. !'■ ■: .1 


A Sc 

Shr-ij of til'.' War. 

officer reported thar i/- ;i;xl not yet iriade any ejilistment?, 
but that he had had hi^ eye on a d — d line loolcing recruit. 

In the days when it began to be said that one had to 
take a gc»od v.allow in iiie mud to make himself respecta- 
ble, the visitor uho had the hardiliood to appear in camp 
in citizen's clothes liai a terrible g.'iuntlet to run in the 
way of advice, sug■,^os!i^l^* and counnents. How many 
kind voices would extond him invitations to " Come out 
of that hat," with such corroborative hints thrown out to 
convince him that ha ouglit to art jrr.omptly, as that his 
legs were ''sticking out." It would be pointed out that 
his Parrot shell hat might ox}^lodc; and if a timid turn, 
he would be agonizingly warned for ''God sake to lie down, 
we are going to explode a cap." The joke was not always 
confined to the civilian ; it was just as exasperating if you 
were a grand officei' and prancing around in gold lace, to 
create no other eflect than the shout of, '-'Here's your 

But as has already iioen said, a soldiers life is too hard, 
too much like tiiat cf a front iorsmrrri or goniblor's, to 
admit of much sentiment or generosit\^ The instinct of 
self preservation prevails; "everything for me — notlnng 
for yoTi" was the rid'-; genera.lly carried t>ut. Men in 
those days who had been accustomed at home to jovial 
dissipation in midnight suppers, with a crowd of similar 
spirits, bent on amusement or excitement, would some- 
times go oR" alone to the station, from the various regi- 
ments and make a sm;dl investment in fire water. Now, 
happiness ! This would consist in stealing off to the shade 
of a fence cornex', or of getting under the wagon, if its pro- 
tection had not already b(>en previously pre-einpted, and 
the happy proprietor vvould then thinli tliat ha])piness con- 
sisted in having a full can tecji. and being untroubled by 

i' tv'j .• .1.1. .! .Kf I 

-■if .i.'.!l f'-lJ'f:- 

:i; . . .ii 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

f liic?. Soldiering, -wliicli is founded on rough military rulo 

t iiiculcatos tlie principle of loolNiug verj^ carefully after 

I self, and it is not easy to remember many names who very 

I often lost sight of this rule — possibly because they had 

I nothing to give, but there were times when, in spite of the 

I hard life by which we were surrounded, their better 

I nature would crop oui. We cuuld give our lives for our 

I country, but found it hard frequently to divide ^;ome 

trifling comfort. 

But once in a while the old spirit would flash up, and 
the generous disposition shine forth. For instance, it was 
the fortune of one of us at the battle of Manassas to get 
run over by a caisson full of aniniunltion, and v.'i^th .eight 
or ten men on it besides. The battle was not over, and 
ail}' one who had a flask of liquor, was likely enough to 
need it himself. This fact, however, did not keep Jack. 

C from generously extending the last drink in his 

tlask. To know the value of this act, one must ha^■^> sol- 
diered or traveled across the plains. 

On the other hand a Avounded man of an adjoining 
regiment was carried oft' by a comrade from where he was, 
bk-eding to death, and sent to a hospital, where he recov- 
ered. The two men came together again in Pizini's Ees- 
taurant — tlie wounded man eating ice-cream, his brother 
soldier wirhout a cent of money, and as hungry as a thirty 
uiiles marchcould make him. The man who had been 
wounded did take the trouble to lay down his spoon long 
enough to shake hands, but that was all. His omission 
to offer his comrade a crnst of bread probably arose from 
Ibrgetfulness or lack of more money, as he at any rate 
gave his life to his country. 

Once a man who had one of his legs shot off, begged so 
hurd for his life thatsouie of us picked him up and carried 

■'. ,v .yvAC A 

,; ,,-{-,v •-' 

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A Soldier's Story of the Vntr. 

him away, although it was rather a neglect of duty, as the' 
firing niiglu at any niorneut have recommenced This 
poor fellow Innl a pocket book containing iS2.50 which he 
gave to on.; of u. to cany, and wliich was handed back to 
hmi when he was put dovvn. Tlie man counted over the 
Confederate money attentively, in .spite of the pain he 
must have suffered from hk wound, and rather intimated 
that twent\--five cents were mis.^ing. But he got over this 
feehng presently, and then offered us about fifteen cents a 
piece fir having saved his life. It was a noble offer on 
h]s part, as he proceeded to tell us that he was wounded 
and helple.<.s, and would neeil the money more than we did. 
Some of us helped off a Federal soldier ^vho was siiniinrly 
wounded ; he afterwaixls met one of our connnand as a 
prisoner, and gave him a piece of tobacco, and an old 
knife, both of which he i,egg,,,,i f-j.^m somebody else, bv 
TV-ay of showing that he wi.^hed to do what was ridU. 
Some sucli gossiping connnents as those above made 
would occur as likely as not, while we were marching side 
by side on the road, when some comrade had b.^eu^sufi;. 
' ciently rich and generous to br.y a flask of liquor and 
djvide Its contents with his friends, or where a detail 
had purchased the arliclo hy f -rming a joint stock associa- 
tion. I shall tell, and then proceed, one more incident 
which I heard in a similar crowd, by way of showin- tliat 
-we sometimes become hard-feeling*^and brutal, l)ut aite)-- 

wards saw our .selfishness in its tr'uest light: Tom (J 

was a gallant Louisiana Sergeant, who had been M-ounded 
in every %ht he went into, and whose position ne.-ir the 
colors made it certain in ids own mind tliat he ahs ivs 
would hiive the same luek. Passing throuo-h Atlanta ' ■ 
towa.rds the, close of the war, on his wav to dattanoo-a, - 
he mentioned his pre.Sfntiueut to a relative, who told hun 

:,V'. ^--.sibUV, 

.--. mJ 

;f.ii V ..riJ -iJi I.!|>.iil' 

.,.. -:-,[ 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

to li^lcpTapli 'jack any caM'.;!]!}' he rriiglit meet, witli. if lie 

had a chain f. C went into battle, his color-sevL'-eanL 

■was -\yoiinrled and the colors fell on C . He had 

not proceeded far with tiieni, before he was shot throniih 
both hips. A friend gave him a phig of tobacco and a 
canteen of water, promised to send his telegram, and the 
regiment mo\ed on. The doctor came around and refuscil 
to move him or dress his wound, as it appeared beyond 
cure, and thousands of others were suffering. Tom lay 
there for two days, was carried from the field by his rela- 
tive, and ultimately recovered enough to hobble about on 

About the time he had recovered enoiieh for liim to 
take the cars and go home, a comrade came to the same 
house whom Tom had once helped when in great danger, 
and which comrade, if he had been so disposed, could now 
have rendered Tom a good many little services. But his 
friend did nothing of the sort. Tom, who was not only 
very polite and respectful, but almost reverent towards 
everj' woman, had found warm friends in tlie household 
among the lady inmates, who rightly regarded him as a 
hero, and had it not been for the coming of his handsome 
and showy comrade, probably Tom, in spite of his crip- 
pled condition, would have carried away the heart of one 
of the party. But after his fellow soldier's arrival a cloud 
came over Tom's fortunes ; his simple stories, and honest, 
artless comments upon life lost their freshness and charm : 
his sweetheart took or seemed to take a fancy tor his com- 
rade, and lie began to suspect that his friends were getting 
weary of rendering ser\ ice to a cripple, lie left one 
morning with a heavy hciirt. He had to start at day- 
light on a chilly, tempestuous morning, and as it was Avitli 
the utmost ditlicultv Tom could drag one toot along alter 

(.'m; I 

vl'.n'Ii^M )''OinJt/ 'nh 

A Soldier's Storij of the War. 

the nthor. lie had hoped that his comrade would take inter. 
est enough in him tn help him into the carriage, and assist 
him at the car>. But this comrade who had heen talking to 
the ladies late the night before, and who was very sleepy 
at the moment of departure, did nothing of the sort. He 
simply rubbed off enough sleep from his eyes to be able to 
yawn a ''Good bye, old fellow — if I wasn't so d — d sleepy 
I'd go and help you off.' This was the last that the two 
men saw of each other. 

But if Tom had seen the ladies at the breakfast table, 
and seen especially the flashing eyes of the young lady he 
loved, he would not have been unavenged. His comrade 
was told plainly that she could not .see how one soldier 
could be so profoundly selfish and indifferent to a wounded 
fellow soldier; and there A^ere no more smiles henceforth 
ibr him in that house. 

The man that told the story said it was himself that 
had treated Tom C. so badly ; and he thought his conduct 
A\ as as shaliby as the ladies had represented, when he had 
been a little while longer out of camp, and began to look 
at things unbia.'^sed by the selfishness which soldiering 
jiaturally makes. 

I speak about such little incidents, because every man 
Avorth speaking of, had to do oi- see some practical sol- 
diering, and in all probabilitj- held an obscure position and 
has a hundred little remembrances in his own history 
similar to the above. Nearl}^ every reader knows how it 
was himself, because in all likelihood he as a good citizen, 
'•just went along," without bothering much about the 
ni;itter, Avhether he Avas a soldier, or held high position. 
There are other and Ix'tter narratives, Avhich tell of our 
brilliant officers who were every moment galloping l)y 
Av'ith iindin^- si)urs, jxold lace and scarlet sashes; and who 

■ u '7. 

',- „Un.i.liUlrf 

A Soulier's Story of the War. 

for all moiition iiiade ot.' the t^.jldicT in tlioir images — (lid 
pretty luucli ull tin.' service ;uid Lard fighting by thein- 
selves. It deserves however to be stated, wliilc confming 
mvself mainly to an outline of a soldier's life, that nearly 
all of our Southern officers, wore too proud to fare any 
better tluvn their men; and praetically in their lives, 
cari-ied out the e>:am]ile of Alcx;aider, when he threw 
a\vay a cup of water in presence of his thirsty ti'oops. 

It deserves to be said that they went in witli all of their 
combativeness to the surface — bracing themselves in the 
stirrup, with a lusty v ave of their sword, and using a mus- 
ket like a soldiei-; or later in the war, sitting still on horse- 
back meditatively, as if each man in a regiment had 
learned ^vhat to <J<i, and as if it was better not Xo bother 
it Avith any interference in action, or interruption. The 
latter was really the style of fighting that prevailed 
with the feteran regiments. The men kept on as long 
as they felt that they were doing any good, and then if 
not satisfied, as if putting it to a vote, would stalk dis- 
gustedly off. The tone of the officers in the few cases, 
when no general command had been gi^'en to fall back, 
would be that of obstinate jurors, or that of a man in a 
stage-coach who has been detained, and asks his fellow- 
passengers to wait witli him a little while longer, till he 
gets through As-ith his dimier. An officer's troo]>s would 
always stay with him, when there seemed to them any 
sense in the men keeping on, and sometimes would refuse 
to retire, wlien ordered to fall biick. The best eviijence 
of tliis, is the tact in such l)attles as Malvern Hill and 
Gettysburg, the stnnning bri2,ades of the Confederate 
troops lost Ibrty-four \\k-v ct. more tlian Napoleon ever lost 
or than was lost in ilie I'ranco-CiM'man war. The official 
reports ol" Gen. Gordon showed tliat the losses amounted 

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. 1 } 

);,v ,h . 1 1 .. . 1,, >i.:r\ ''ill III ! -oi i'-. '/ ;i.,.ii lo 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 

to am- Jiiaii in cvuiy liiree wouailecl — one man in every 
ten, killed in orift b;itile, not to ^pcalv of aljsentee.s or 
prii-onei's. There were brigades -whore the killed and 
"vvoundeu were over one half. 


C 1 1 A P T E K IX. 


I OUGHT not to have left so far behind all mention of 
Manassas station, which point every soldier had more or 
less occasion to visit daring the first year of the \vai%"aiid 
about ^v•hich every one who then did dut}^ has prokibly a 
thousand recollections to relate. Apart from its military 
value, it was the most uninteresting place in existence. In 
rainy weather, when the wagon trains of the whole army 
came to it every day, the mud Wiis at least two leet deep — 
so deep that a horse would sink up to his belly, oi- in walk- 
ing a square on foot, one would have his boots pulled off 
his feet, at least a half dozen times. Beside the cake and 
pie stands, the most conspicuous feature about the station 
was Belcher's Hotel- — a building almost as large as the City 
Hotel, though the priecs ftjr meals and lodging were 
rather hiuhcr. The walls wore rushed up very much 
like a barn or stable, where the wind on cold nights would 
whistle through tlii^ cracks or intervals of the planks, 
which were at least a half inch apart. The building was 
too stories high, and was heated when cold weather came 
on by an immense stove whose smoke all settled inside. 

There was always a Ini'ge cro^vd .surrounding the stove, 
though they never remained in their seats more than ten 
minutes at a time, on account of llie smoke. Most of the 
men wIkj surrounded it npj)eared like the Blind Cidendars 


1 1 (.J." a: 

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I .: 

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A Soldier's Story of the War. 

I iucntione<l in th? Arabiun Nights story, and sat with tlicir 

I ryi's lirmly closed. Caudles about the building- were con- 

j so<|iientlv- of no u^e. The hist thing you did at night was 

I to wash your eyes in cold water, if you could find any, 

and the first thing in the morning — to get out of the 
building as quick as you could, strike for camp, and swear 
you would never enter it again. It was destroyed, with 
everything about Manasses, when Gen. Johnston made 
the first of his everlasting retreats, together with a very 
large amount of Commissary stores, and every other build- 
ing there was about the place. 

We had occasion to do soiiie hard fighting in a few miles 
of this famous depot, ^\'hen Lee was chasing Pope out of 
his '-Head-fjuarto-s (or hind-quarters as the joke was) in 
tlie saddle;" but we never got to see it again until after 
the war. At that time the innumerable wagon roads that 
seemed to lead everywhere, had disappeared, though the 
tences were still absent. But the town of Manassas has 
s[)rung up more prosperously than it had ever been known 
to be before. A new quarry of red sandstone had been 
discovered — new stores had been erected from this, as well 
as a printing office, and a comfortable hotel. Faint traces of 
the old breast-works could just be discovered, over^-rown 
with gra,ss, and that was all. 

One of the pleasantest of our resting places T can 
remember, was one known as Camp Orleans. This was, 
jiorhaps, on account of the shade — ^perhaps because we 
litid some distance to go fui' water, and thus had a better 
opportunity of getting out of camp limits. The spring 
was the great centre of attraction for our own batallion, 
two or three Louisiana regiments, and the Tigers. Guer- 
nllas and other companies, who composed tiie gallant 
Colonel Wheat's Batallion. A little distance oil' was a 

.1 'UM" r M 

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v; i'_.,i'J./j 

62 A Soldiers Stcnj of the War. 

lilf'.c village, kllo^vn as CentrfviUe, pretty much ab.aii- 
doiied bv its nnciont inlialjitauts to sutlers, ready made 
forts, qiiaker guns and all tlic paraphernalia of war. I 
remember notliing in the way of incident connected with 
the place, except the pleasure we all experienced at the 
commencement of the Indian Summer, at sometimeH hav- 
ing to stand guard o\er the Commissary tent, where there 
were sometimes a few perquisites of office, and at once 
having an opportunity of rescuing a couple of ladies from 
a runaway' team of horses. That is, the horses actually 
ran away, and by rescuing them, I mean that one of us 
had the honor of helping them from the carriage after 
the liorses had stopped and the xUuiger -wa« over. 

Then the whole army went to Fairfax and did nothing 
particularly worthy of mention, except to execute a beau- 
tiful retreat, which was much gloated over at the time, 
and which simply amounted to striking onr tents and 
burning evei'ything Vvc did not want to carry back with 
us. immediately after firing olT a sky-rocket. It took us 
all night and part of the next day to get back to camp 
from about the same place when- we started. 

Our next camp was called Camp Ilollins, and here we 
were again getting into all sorts of scra])es. We kept onr 
quarters in excellent condition, cutting broom-straw, which 
grew plentifully, for pallets, and generally having a rather 
pleasant time around camp fires, dodging smoke, telling 
storieS; and borrowing from our comrade's tobacco pouch, 
M'here there was an opening. We had some drills and 
fancy parades, but these were almost the last we were to 
have. Once in a while some improvidential youth would 
be detected iu furtively making use of a government 
horse to visit friends at a distnuce, and sometimes there 
would be a court-martial or two. resultini;' from this .n'rave 

,., b,..v in-A] 

.iiff.r) ;>ji.. iuu''i ;...r'' o rnx! >' i;.-; 

I • ^1 Soldier's Storij of the War. C3 

I violation of discipline. The same party of ladies who 

I h.ul boon resciifd from the rnnaway chariot, were tlie 

; cause of the exercise of one of these exhibitions of camp 

I discipline; and if the reader will picture to himself the 

difliculty of obtaining a horse under patrol of two or 
three guardsmen — riding a do'/.cu miles during a snow 
storjn, where your horse would foil down thi-ee and four 
times in descending long and slipperj^ hills, he will have an 
idea of the restless feeling pi'oduced when you are kept 
a long time inactive in camp. Tlien we were oi-dered all 
of a sudden to go to cutting down trees, chopping them oif 
in prescribed lengths, and tlitu hauling them to a new 
camping ground, preparatory to biulding winter -tfuarttrs. 
We soon acquii'od sullicient experience to lay those notched 
logs one upon the other, and cover them over with shingles 
prepared for the purpose; and when this was done, with 
the addition of a rough puncheon floor, window sash, 
brought in by parties on liorsebaclv from some remote 
abandoned house, and a door, the habitation of a dozen 
men was in short measure completed. 


Cextreville, Dec. Gth, 1S61.— This will Ije my last 
letter from this place, so at least our officers encourage us so 
to believe, and feeling that we are thus encouraged for some 
wise purjTOse, we give fancy free rein in laying out plans for 
the future, quartering ourselves for instance in Richmond, 
and dancing and reveling through the winter solstice with 
the natives. Meanwhile, time drags wearily enough. Our 
only amusement is to build air castles (I wish it was winter 
•luarters) around a big fire and dodge the smoke, and should 
■^ve rejnain here, I think more of us will die from too 
much Cciitreville on the brain, tluin from all other causes 

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A Soldier's Story of the War. 

whatever. I don't say that the town is any more dall 
and sensationiesh; than many others tliat we buiJi have 
prohahly passed through ; but it seems so to us. I doubt 
if an incident or adventure ever took phace within its 
dreary Hniits, unless tlic necessity of pas.sing trirough or 
of staying all night, of some benighted traveler in such a 
God-forsaken collection of hoards, might be regarded in 
that light. Societ_v- of the softer sex, there is none, coflee- 
houses. there'are none. A blacksmith shop, a few stores 
kept by nien who swindle the careless soldier at extremely 
cheap rates, and the ghost of a hotel so unredeemably 
dismal, that a night spent in a snow b.aiik would be jjrefer- 
able to entering its portals ; these and a few other houses, 
built upon an almost perpendicular street, constitute the 

i town. 

I From this atmosphere, a few friends of difi'erent regi- 

^ ments. together with mywself, resoh ed for one day to escape. 

Freedom, though only ibr a few hours, was a sufficient 
motive for me, but with my friends, a determination to 
obtaui a lost dog, was an additional inducement. Our con- 
versation naturally turned upon the ([ualities of this faith- 
ful follower of man, and from my friends I learned that 
his complexion Avas a billions, S'>:i[) colored yrllow, that 
his body was bereft of its tail, and that his legs were dis- 
jjroportionately long for his body, jiad it not been curtailed 
of its narrative alivady. What the use of this sorry cur 

p- I -"vvas, I was unable tu aseertain. as the ntere asking of such 
a question might Ikuc l^ecn construed by a soldier's mind, 

^y into an affront. Ihit, 1 learned that the mere permission 

to hunt for him required the signiilures of half the office; 3 
in the regiment, besides one or two Brigadier-Generals, in 
order to jta-s the pickets. 

Gradually the cnuver-ation Mibsided into subjects of 

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A Schiicr's Story of the War. 65 


losy iiiliTOst. (excepting of course, inqiui'ies of every way- 
farer, ill reference to the lo.-;t auimal,) and one of the 
jcu-ty, \\-\\o seemed familiar -with localities, and anxious to 
i talk, pointed out surrounding objects of interest. Among 

\ others he described the occupant of a small lK)Use — two 

I rooms and a small garret, which Aras, he said, familiar to 

I soldiers as the '"Widow's," and wiiere those who were 

I fortunate enough to have fifty cents were wont to repair 

I lor their meals. 

I The doorway, continued my informant, is alwavs 

I thronged \\\t\\ a hungry crowd, under the eye of a senti- 

\ nel, ofoflicers and privates, who restrain their impatience 

s luitil the board is spread, by wa.llowing on the beds, or 

^ smoking pipes, with their legs above the kitchen nmntle- 

pieces, ejecting saliva at the hissing stove. Wliether the 
I guests visit the widow from admiration of the sex, or the 

culinar_\- art. my friend thought impossible to say, her pre- 
tensions to beauty and skill being about evenly balanced. 
Buteati)ig or love making, no one seems able to boast of 
much preference. Ikt smiles being distributed with the 
same ini])urtiality a^ the tit-bits, gizzards ami livers of 
her table. 

Conspicuous at one time among the widow's admii'ers. 
was a sandy-haired youth with a --coming stomach," whom 
you may know as Chai-les. Charles's parti-colored ties, 
moccasin vests, bear greased locks, and glittering appear- 
ance generally, had constituted him atone time the cyno- 
sure of the bar-rooms and banquettes of your city ; but the 
sun of his gloiy has long since set, aiid nought remained 
of his former splendor, ])ut a dirty shirt. His faee bore 
but little evidence ol' a fanuliarity with water, while the 
tanglfd j'ungles of his head were equa.lly untruul.iled with 
the inroads of brush or comb. His hands dauuled at his 

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A Soldier's Story of the War. 

side, coarse aud dirty, like a couple of smoked hani.s, and in 
short, as nionldy and wilted a looking bird was Chai-le.s, 
as was to be found in the Confederate camp. It was about 
this time that chance led him to the widow's door. The 
visit awakened old memories, and was attended with pur- 
chase of a comb. The second interview involved the 
washing of his face and hands, and each succeeding visit 
was succeeded by a similar change and transformation. 
"VYhether this brilliant metamorjjhosis was wholly due to the 
humanizuig influence of woman, or partly to his month's 
pay, and the holding of strong hands at poker, my 
informant did not take it upon him to say ; but at any rate, 
the moments of Charles, which are not absorbed in painting 
a pair of tremendous boots — tops, soles and all, are gener- 
ally whiled away in the widow's salons. 

Thus discoursing and listening to the statistics of another 
soldier, whose mind appeared to have been much occupied 
with the study of mules, wagons, and other means of con- 
veyancing not mentioned in law writers, not forgetting 
meanwhile, to make constant inquiries in reference to the 
missing dog, we passed through a country war-scathed, 
exhausted of almost every supply, and almost depopulated 
of its native inhabitants. No traces of anything like an 
inclosure were to be seen. 

The zig-zag worm fences had disappeared at the first 
appearance of winter, and a rail is now almost as much 
an object of curiosity as would be the presence of the great 
rail-splitter himself Much was said at the time by the 
few fiirmers, who remained, about the destruction of their 
property, and stringent orders were issued from camp. 
But the soldiers, whose blood was freezing, were not in a 
condition to weigh calmlv the diiference between intmn 
and ttmn. It was doul>tless ;j:ood that farmers should 

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A Soldier's Story of the War. 

have fi.'ncos, tbougliitlii? soldier?; but it was o.lso good that 
jiiitridts should keep Witrm, and yo the sian of one 
has long since disappeared. 

Our roads led us over the lilack -waters of Bull Run, by 
the famous stone bridge and ^toiie house, (the Ilougomont 
Chateau of our Waterloo.) au'l through the memorable 
battle-field itself. The fallen trunks of the trees which 
were cut down to intercept the enemy's path near the 
bridge, are still remaining, and the broken, splintered to{)S 
of others attest where the whirlv/md of battle has passed; 
otherwise, a few shreds and patches of cotton wdiich mark 
the position of the batteries, a house almost destroyed by 
the balls and, lastly the graves of the dead, are the sole 
renuiining indications of the greatest battle ever fought 
upon this continent. 

We had not proceeded nianv miles farther before we 
came to a house, whicii appeared to be still inhabited by 
its owners, and whose external appearance, and the savory 
smell from the kitchen, gave us some encouragement to 
hope for dinner. It is not generally thought necessary by 
the soldier to waste nuich time in knocking or pulling at 
the botl, and so we enttu'cd the parlor without further cer- 
emony. By way of announcing our arrival, one of the 
party, in a large, broad-brimmed hat, and with blanket 
thrown around him, in Indian stylo, seated himself at the 
piano, and favored us with some music, with a touch 
al(out as light as would have been produced by a horse 
galloping across the k(ys. We liad sung or rather shouted 
tlie Marseillaise and othrr airs, aiid one or two couple were 
waltzing in bonnets and other articles of female ])ara- 
pliernalia which v.e found in the room, when just at that 
nioinent the door opemd, and throiigh the dust whicli had 
been kicked out of the carpet, wc saw the angry face of 

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A Soldier's Storij of the War. 

tlio ■ lady of the house. There was evidently no use of 
a])ologizinL;- or attempting to mitigate her wrath. So put- 
ting on a courageous foce, we told her we wanted dinner 
— we were I'cady to pay for it, and were obliged to have 
it — that we were not particular, and that anything in the 
way of chickens, eggs, butter, and other light dishes of 
tliat sort, would easily satisfy- us. This we finally per- 
suaded her to give us, and before we had finished the 
meal, she admitted we were not as hard-looking cases as 
she at first thouglit us to be, and that we might, if we 
chose, retu.-n. Meanwhile, one of the party who had been 
out on the back porch, discovered the lost dog Tige, 
lying sleeping in the .sun. and was beckoning, whi.stling, 
and employing all the endearing names which are gener- 
ally found most successful in attracting a dog's attention, 
but without avail. Tige seemed to be afflicted with the 
aristocratic affectation of deafness; but at the first move- 
ment that was made by the soldier in his direction, he 
uttered an indignant yelp, and sought refuge under the 
kitchen ftoot. His retreat was, however, useless. The 
lady of, the house abandoned liim to his tate, and the 
remainder of the party coming to the rescue, a part of the 
flooring was removed, and Tige was ignominiously dragged 
from his hilling place. His captor now took his prize 
under his ai-m, and bidding adieu to our hostess, we all 
started for camp. ' 

Our return was not attended with many incidents. The 
soldier wlio was so well inl'ormed on the subject of mules 
had rashly exhausted his stock of ideas in the morning, 
and so we trudged on through the nuid in silence, by the 
side of the heavily laden wagon. Once, upon the \vay, 
one of us ventured to enter at the back of one of those 
Avains, and Iiad appropriated a seat beside what appeared 

U .1 (■ .(^-A'A 



A Soldier's Story of the War, 

I Uj bo a clo::eIj muffled soldier, but was not a little aston- 

'. i.-lied to find, as lie crowded into one-half of tbe se it, that 

I it was in reality a lady. He was about to vacate tbe 

jtroiiiisos, with a profusioa of apologie:<, when she laugh- 
in;_dv told him he might stay — that she wanted some one 
t(i talk to and would be glad of his company. She was 
the wife of an officer, who, she proceeded to inform me, (I 
might as well admit it was myself,) had come ou a flying- 
visit to look after her truant husband. 

]5ut the road soon forked. I had besides to get down 
and show my pass to the sentinel, who examined it very 
(Tircfully up side down. Here, too, our faithless cur availed 
himself of a moment's freedom, and took to his heels, and 
although we made the air vocal with Tige's name, we 
.■<(ion found, as one of my disappointed comrades gravely 
observed, '•all hell couldn't whistle him back." 

We gained our camp without further adventure, and I 
soon fell asleep, dreaming- that I led the hostess of the 
day to the altar in the dress of a Vivandier, and that 
your Fat Contributor acted as grooms-man, in a flannel 
^l^irt and red-topped boots. Fisheack. 

f-f C H A P T P: B X 


\ I Tiii-RE is nothing about which soldiers more pride them- 

selves, or about which they show more jealousy, than in 
reiaining the few fair acquaintances it was their fortune, 
during their marches, to make. Whether it was the pas- 
try cook and her little girls who sold pies at Centreville, 
f 'le village teacher, elderly, motherly old ladies, or dashing. 

;i T<i A r: r. 

J; ,!.„;. a. ■.. •..> ,^M-!-.' i 

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10 A Soldier'i, Story of the Wctf. 

r,ho\ry bellv^, who would move around on horseback, or 
travel in the ambulance wag-on, most; of the jounrr men 
were keenly sensitive to their gfxjd opinion, and however 
awkward, backward or iitdiJlerent to ladies' society at 
home, Avould always put the best foot forward, where the 
presence of the fair was to be met with about camp. For 
them the immaculate collar, which had only been worn on 
a half dozen state occasions, would be carefully extracted 
and adjusted — your neighbor's high-top boots would be 
borrowed, and a contribution generally levied on , the 
slender stock of effects admitted by camp wardrobes. 

The most amusing part of the matter was the way 
in which the old soldier would continue to adapt theii' 
appearance, manners, or past history to the ideas of their 
new friends, and it need hardly be said that the travelers 
privilege of relating wonderful and marvelous stories was 
not forgotten. Old sporting characters soon learned ho^^v 
to dandle babies in their arms, or rock cradles in the most 
domestic manner in the world, or to sanctimoniously join 
in hymns with as much tervor as they had in times past 
trolled out bacchanal sonirs. Some of these old soldiers 
acquired extraordinary proficiency in the use of the long 
bow, however it might be with the artillery practice. 
We had a saturnine, red-faced company connnissary, who 
was with the Washington Regiment in the Mexican war- 
a thorough martinet in all military matters, and who never 
wearied of relating wild and hair-breadth narratives of 
personal ad vent ure-^— ail with the most gloomy composure. 
As showing what this gallant soldier had achieved, it may 
be stated that he was present at one massacre, and was 
the only man w'ho escaped. It ought to be recorded, too, 
as a part of history, that he once had a coDchickt of Mex- 
can wagons and mule trains laden with gold, to brin^x 

;,; M|:j.rT hnt. cjim 

A Soldier's Shrii of the War. 

through n mountain pa:.s. and was abno-^t certain his con- 
voy would ue attacked and captured b^' robbers. What 
was he to do? Why, to make up a party at Monte at the first 
piicfih with a Mexican p;o/j/7>;(7o;- of the richest mine in the 
world, and who happened vei-y conveniently to be on hand 
at the time. The game was made— the unhappy old sol- 
dier soon found to iiis chagrin that somehow he could not — that he won as many wagon loads as he already 
licld, and that he was noAV burthened with a dozen more 
iini>edlmenfa. His apprehensions proved well founded — 
jii-t as he had finished acquiring this emhuras de richesse, the 
.fuorrillas "struck the train, as he all along expected, 
:'nd had captured every thing. And worse than that/' 
\\-ould the old soldier conel'.ide with great energy, "d — n 
my Confederate soid if they did not take every rag from 
our backs — even from a party of young ladies who were 
along with the conducta, on thoir waj- to a convent. We 
made a pretty figure, let me tell you, when at the end of 
<'ur journey we were all carried into aposac/rt, wrapped up 
in sheets and horse blankets." 

There were plent}" others, like Henry Phelps, who had 
a good deal to say about Me.'^ico. or HIcc tlio Hun. Xod 
liiviere (of the last legislature.) and Sam Kousseau. (tb.e 
''Hjther of the Federal Geiieval.) who iiad soldiered in 
''oulral America, under Walker, and who were accorded 
tnr jnivilege of distingui.^hed travelers in telHng of a 
iiinidred mile march made in one day, or of having rations 
"•>' monkey meat distributed out, as our armies did bacon. 
Jiut tiiey were overawed when Commissary Hart was 
:ih:nit, and never put forth their fall strength or quite did 
liuiusclves justice in his presence. 

Then there would be aunther heavy conversationalist 
'''•liii liad had some experience at sea, and who finding the 

-; ... .,!•// 1,1111 .': ' ';: ''' '' -• 
11-. 1 n'< l.T->i<>V!.l1 M':).1-,W ',. iii-: 

h;.i> I-MO., *. 

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:■; I 

A Soldier's Story of the Wi 

land veil occupied, was compelled to take to salt Avator 

and tokl^as exciting .sea-stories about Confederate rams' 

blockade runners and submarine boats, as Sinbad and 

Marvatt coiild have done. We had several of that sort 

who u.ed to practice and polish up their yarns at nio-ht' 

around camp lires, preparatory to the next -pirout;" and 

these artless raconfe^ns would ha^•e a queer -n-oup of 

■eccentncties gathered around in long blanket co;ts. with 

cowls one here and ther.. in a Jlexican jacket or red 

tiai.neldrawe.-s,. while a third would be tink-a-tinking at 

the guitar. There ^vas a mess of queer fi.h, who from 

havmgsome defects of temper, were forced to occupv the 

same winter quarters-an eccentric poet in one CH.;e. in 

"- - ■■ cynical prodigal, who had spen^ a prettv fortune 

nafewnionths.on A-iends who had politelv h^i.hed iu 
Ins face when his money was gone; anothex- singular to 

and parted his ha.r in the middle. But defects are devel- 
oped m other ways in camp than with a comb, and the 
^nusician, tuough eng.g.d to many a b.autihil and wealth v 
eirl at home, (perhaps on aocount of it,) llnally left ^s 
with a never-ending fiii-louLdi. ' ' " 

One night thore ;nne a singulor report in camp. It was 
whispered that a move the next murnin. was to be the 
word, and there was an immense amount of bustle and 
packing in consequence. ^\-hen we ^vent to be,] we were 
only permitted to sleep till three the next mornino. and 
were^then aroused without bugle call. And after cuokim- 
as was cbme by the Crnnd Army at Moscow. <,ver Mu' 
llamos of our burning quarters, and eating (in' part) our 
rations and good many baker's dozen of biJ.nit ' n-u ^ 
dnnking a tin cup of coflee each man, we took nur pia.'es 
ra.her silently at the pieces and moved ofl" 


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l.,^qfl I 


A Soldier's Storij of the War. 

Wo are now ujxm the first of our retreats — the retreat 
iroiii Manassas to Kichmond. A fi'ostj morning shows us 
the whole Confederate array drawn up in the road, the 
men facing towards Richmond. There is a slight tremor 
or depression at first, indicative of a fear that something 
lias gone Avrong. or else we would not have to tall back ; 
this soon -ivears away : and the iiifantry meanwhile march 
with arms at will, and the air of men who carry heavy 
burthens, and with that movement which indicates that 
long marching is before them At the head, or in front 
of their divisions and regiments, ride the men whose 
names occupy the page — sometimes the lying page — of 
history, flanked by cavalry outriders and a cloud of skir- 
mishers. Then come the slow moving trains of ammuni- 
tion, supplies, and ambulances containing the sick and 

As the day advancL'S, and we discern that the retreat 
is not the result of any anticipated misfortune, tlie men, 
who ai-e glad of any lireak in camp monotony, regain tlieir 

To understand the first comment frequently made about 
this and other long retreats, the resident of Xew Orleans 
should take a look at the large, life-sized picture, which 
represents Napoleon's retreat froia Moscow. Tlie dead 
horse, and attendant scavengers — the broken down wagon 
or forge — abandoned equipments, the sick and wounded by 
the wayside, make up some of the details at which many 
of us looked very hard before enlisting, and of v,-hich 
Ave thought very frequently afterwards. This picture 
Avas brought to mind b}-' one of the dreaiy sights about 
camp, especially during the winter season and on a long 
marcli. that is by the mnnber ol' dead hor.-'.'s who perish 
I'rum hnnsrer, cold, bad treatment, or exhaustion. 

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A SoldUr's Si'^ry of the War. 

In this and other ni;ii'.'hos it was .^ouu'thiies said th;it 
■\vc coul'i lidw wjilked ull day upon the prostrate Ijodies 
of the hordes wliich fell by the wayside. The mule was 
a much more hardy animal — his carcass was very rarely 
seen. He endui-ed so well that in time he took the place 
of the battei-y horse, (as at Drury's bluif ) and we all 
laughed at the manner in which a mule would shake 
himself when struck by a bullet, as if divestiug himself 
of some superfluous htirnet or gadtly. But a horse once 
down was like Lucifer — he fell to rise no more. A 
smooth place would be worn in the mud by the moving 
to and fro of his head and neck, or where he had thrown 
out convulsively his legs ; and then a lingering death, a 
swollen and bloated carcass, or bones covered with col- 
lapsed hide, with the crows holding a coroner s inc[uest 
upjun the neighboring tree tops. 

To see these serviceable friends of man, and almost 
indispensable adjuncts of a good army, lying by the way- 
side, was \-ei-y depressing, for the reason well kn(5\vn to a 
soldier, that dull, sluggish hor.^es can never be trained to 
t the point ivquisite for elhcient cavalry horses. Almost as 

{,■ much depends, in a successful charge of cavalry, on the 

horse as on the man. Kaw recruits mounted on well- 
drilled horses, are more serviceable than veteran troops 
mounted on clumsy, hnv-spirited animals. At the battle 
of the Pyramids, the horses of Mu/.od ISey's cavalry 
charged repeatedly in si[ua.di-ons after their riders wei'e 
killed. S.J did llie French horses at Waterloo on the under the same circumstances. 
[. And after the Marcpiis llomana was compelled to leave 

f his horses on the shore of Denmark, at the embarkation 

i)f the tnio])-^ fur%^[)ain. they formed themselves inte, two 
hostile armies, as the shiiJS of tiieir late masters faded in 


i! '•■11 

,t r. i 

A Siji('s Story of the V/ar. 

the (listaiico, and charged upon cadi other vrith ?nch i'avy 
ihut thy earth shook i'or miles around, and the terrified 
iuliahitants of the country {U?d panic stridden to their 
houses, l^o terrible M-a.s the ^^laughter of thc-^e faie Anda- 
lu.<ian lior^es, that out of a body of 10,000 Ijut a feu- 
hundred remained alive. 

I have ahvays thought in reading this in hi.story, that 
this was the Avay in which the inhabitants accounted to 
tlie government for some of tlie missing chargers. This 
supposition is supported l)y a remark I once heard dropped 
hy a (juarter-master. thid tlie mortality was always lieavier 
with horses Avhen near the cities, and that the deaths 
rejiorted would sometimes be excessive when in close 
proximity to a faro bank. There was a great deal of 
mortality among the horses too, at the close of the Avar, 

especially among the cavalry. Capt. G , upon being 

questioned by the Federal Commander as to wliat in the 
deuce had become of all his stock, reported that '■ Ze buf- 
falo gnat — he eats them all." 

r.y the time that McClellan had discovered the uses of 
Quaker guns in forts, we were Ihr away on our retreat 
towards Eichmond. T leave it for abler judges to decide 
as to the policy of keeping an army inactive for months 
at a time — composed as that one was. of the Hower of the 
Njuth — of retreating to the peninsula, and then retreating 
froin thei-e. AVhat Jackson did in the valley, ought, it 
swmed to us, to have lieen done with the army about 
Manassas; and it seemed to us that if a General lias enough 
inventive genius, he could always thid opportunities, like 
Napoleon, tor striking blows with his force whether large 
or small, ihit General Johnston probably knew best — he 
was a cautious, prudent, and thoroughly able commiiider, 
v.ho^ never was caught unawares, but a little long in 
hiiding his oiiportunity. 


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76 A Soldier's Storij of the War. | 

..„ I 

We liiul some tei'vIbK' weathLT in getting down to 
Onuige Court-lIou.<e. ;nuJ tlie most perfect picture ever 
made on \uy mind of blissful .sleep occui'red on this march. jjj 

Next to tiie cooks, who as the men of genius of a mess, ■ 

gave themselves more airs and made themselves inore 
disagreeable than anjbodj- else, were those who superin- 
tended the erection of quarters, purchased supplies, etc. \ 
On the occasion referred to, after long and tedious \ 
marches and counter marches, making feints upon one | 
place and then on the other, the army was overtaken about | 
duskby a tremendous storm. The leader of the moss, who - J 
exercised great tyranny about having all mess-work done | 
exactl}- right, was absent when our tent v:as .put up, and : ^^ 
some of the lazy ones had, contented themselves v/itli a .| 
hasty structure, made of rails propped against a fence. I 
that ran at the bottom of the hill. The consequence was, 
besides what fell over us, the water ran under our blankets 
from the hill above. Sleep Avas impossible for many — we 
were drowned literally out. 

•' A (juarter less twain — six feet scant," and .similar 
soundings out was the cry, and there was nothing to do 
but to get up, build large fires of the rails, and keep as 
wami and diw as we best could. 

While standing thus before the fue. miserable and dis- 
contented, we were compelled to regard, and this with 
great envy, a comrade notorious for his indolence, who had 
laid a rail foinidation for his bed, and who, covered with 
his gum cloth, and undisturbed by the underground 
\ streams which worked such misery to the balance of us, 

[ cimtrived to sk'C}) like an infant during the whole, of the 

t terrible storm. If he had once turned over, or he had 

I discovered the uproar among the elements, he would have 

been drowned out too ; and it certainlv showed a ureal deal 

,,.,1 u ;.., >^\> 

A Soldier's Story of tlic War, 

;if forbearance to let him sleep on, and merely stop in lic- 
twoen him and his share of the fire, witliout molesting 

This storm brought about another accident. The mu- 
.-ical characters had rigged themselves up with extraordi- 
nary splendor, to make a serenade outside of a hospitable 
niunsion, or rather to lay the foundation to giving a little 
musical soiree inside. Nothing favored them, not even 
I hi; weather — the crowd were wet and disagreeable, when 
they arrived, and what was still more exasperating, the 
."OHtrade who had floated around the world was inside — had 
^ot possession of the field, was telling all of the yarns 
lie had rehearsed in camp, and was singing with perfect in- 
tlitforence to the arri\al of the chorus. It was in vain the 
latter tried to snub him, and give him the cold shoulder, 
and intimate that he did not belong to the select few. The 
inst comer held his ground ; and whenever any music was 
c:dled for, would, As'hile the chorus was affecting bash- 
i'lhicss, plant himself absent-mindedly and dreamily at 
the piano, and nothing but a torpedo or bomb-shell would 
over have moved him until he got through. The part of 
liio joke however, which made the chorus most swear was, 
the young lady of the house hung on his lips as if he 
hu! lieen a god, andtlie submissive subject of the admira- 
i!i)ii. so far from having shown any repentance for having 
'Towdcd out those tip-top fellows, the musical chorus, got 
'i'>poratelv wounded in the next battle, and then married 
th- hidv. ' 

I: li irul 

:• \ 

•ri.'. .■'.'! 

A Soldiers Story c- 


ox TH1-: KL'iT-. 

We camped a Avcek at Ornnje Court House, ajul tliis 
lcl"tnoollior impression upon us tiisc that our three day's 
rations of bread at starting, were Leavier than the baUmco 
o!' our haL^-aire. Most of the resi c-f the journey to Rich- 
in..iid va- made by cars. Prev:^;v.^ to entering one of 
these, one nf the messes had barz-sined for a small supply 
(.f \vhich the treacherous Bi'Diface, after receiving 
out- muney. and finding the men on board of the cars, 
u---!ectid I') produce. He failed. bo-\vever, to carry his 
p.i;iit. An impromptu detachment wa-; immediately started 
liaik to his hotel, the humorous George Meek, was placed ; 
in command, and made for the next half hour, as fierce a " 
l<«)king non-conmiissioned officer as one Avould wish to see. 
The order v> '-arrest that man. seize on him," was given 
t-> t!io great terror of tlie treacherous Boniface; (who 
WMuld piobalily at that moment, have given a thousand 
.'..liars to be out of the scrape.) to the accompaniment of 
drawn sabres. How-eve r, before carrying him before the 
Cuinmanding General, Avhomour host suppo.sed had sent us, 
w.' ennsented to listen to his prayers. Any quantity of can- 
t.i-iis would he given us, or the njoncy returned. The 
Miinid of the locomotive whistle, made us contented to 
i:ike t!i(,' latter.=^= 

* Extract jrnm th<: A'f:!:t'ir.t't Jonrnal. 
M iKrii s.— r>e;:nn our retreal Iroiu Hull Ron, at S r. m. Marched to .Susi'ension 
l-.!-l,— : -li^iaticu three miles, ivml reported to Gea. Lcingstrct;t. 
•'.— Mnn-hed to Gniiisville. 
:».— Marehoii to 

1 1.— >!nrclie.l to Ciunp in Jones' Wuoii. 

l'.'.— Miirch to, luirt camp near WooilviUc. 

•: I — Wc .lie near Hazle Kiver. 

M an.l i-,._Still neiir Hazle Hiver. 

l*" — 'ilirce miles from Culpepper Court Uouse. 

!T.— Mrirciied ten miles past Culpepper. 

1- _(>,). ,ta the Rdoulan ai Uaruuli s ford, and C'-Lipcd OQC mile from Oliuso 

A. Soldier's Stem nf the War. 

I Iliil arriviu;^- at the next stivlioii, our good g(?nlus came 

t to tho roricue. A South Carolina Lieuteuaut who had 
I been to a still and came back laden with twenty canteens, 
I wished to travel on our train, 'i'he orders were positive to 
I allow no one but the companies to come aboard. This was 
I liowever deemed an cxceptionai case, and although tlie offi- 
i cer (jf the day was shouting and gesturing to '-'put him oft," 
? .some of the men contrived to keep the order from being 
I obeyed, the officer of the day meanwhile making wruth- 
f I'ul imprecations and signs wliicli hinted at court-mar- 
I tial. The .storm however was foreseen and anticipated. 
I The principal offender, as soon as the train stopped, has- 
^ tenod forward to his Captain with one of the canteens in 
I liis hand, and aflbcted to believe that no officer of the day 
I in tlie world could have wanted to put off a man laden 
i; down with whiske}-. The Captain kept the canteen, ami 
f admitted that his eummand had i)erliaps been misunder- 

i stood, owing to the noise of the train. No otlier incident 
I until our arrival at liichmond. 

I Our Batallion camped nominally the first iiiuht at the 

I Depot, ))ut the understanding seemed to be that we could 

slcejj where we chose, and there were not many who did 
not avail themselves of the cxtraordinarj^ opportunity of 
J^leeping in a civilized bed. There were too, soiiie precious 
moments of freedom vouchsafed to us after we had gone 
iuriiially in camp, in which we were permitted to renew 

■:■:.— M.,rcl,ed tlirousjh OraiiiTH Court House, and camped on Terrell Fiirra, five 
liiiii-s from Orange Court House. We halt here lor the present. 

.\i'iin.. — Wf luive enjovcd our earup near Oraii^'e Cnurt House very much ; the 
1 "!ii.-3 !ire pretty — we have tbrineii a daneinij club which meets twice a week 
"'■ tlie Hotel, ( iranno Court House. The barui of the 1st Regiment furnishes tine 
iuuslc Amontr the members, are Gen. Longstreet, A. P. Hill, and the officers of 
'ht- Washington Artillery. 

_ Kir.-eivcd orders in Church, to pre]>are to march. Deg-nn S p. jr.; marched down 
I'lank-road to l''redericksburL'. Very wearisome ujiirching. 

12. — ShipptJ seven V,un.< bv r.iil to Iliehmoiid : horses and wat'OUS go bv 

I' !■' ' ' - i 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

old friendslup.s, and witnoss a very curious and j.iotlej 
gathern,- IVoiu every parf of the world. As nearly cverv 
one was only temporarily absent from home or camp, iii 
search of a rommis.sion, or enjoyment of a short furlouo-h 
the city was naturally in the gayest of sprits, and every 
one lived extravagantly, while hi,s money lasted; and 
when gone, did not have much difficulty about huntino. „„ 
a friend ^^•ho would di\ ide his table, purse, or medical sa.v 
phes with. him. So that each stratum of visitors l>ccame 
thoroughly impecunious about the time itsfurlousrh expired, 
rmd would be succeeded by another,, whom military acci- 
dents or necessities brought within the radius of the city. 
The population of the town at that time was extrao'r- 
dmarily large, for the amount of accommodations, and no 
one under the rank of a Colonel could hope ever to obtain 
a room at a hotel or portion of one; and very frequently 
ill late hours, a dozen distinguished officers were seen 
stretched out by envious callers about the entries. These 
latter would be denied the luxury of even a seat in chairs, 
from scairity of room, and sometimes unceremoniously be 
I Huited to ski,, off by the diamonded clerks, or previous 

claimants of the space. During my night in the city— at a 
, ■ very late hour—happening to think about going to bed, I 

was put m possession for the first time, of this information 
■ There was nothing to do but sally into the streets and medi- 

l Y^."" '''■*'^' "'>' Jio'»t-less condition, for which I had abundant 

i - ieisure, or to endeavor to meet with some adventures that 

would kill time until day ]nv:\k. 

I had not proceeded i\n; before I discoyere.l that the 
population was iar from having all gone to bed, and in.uu- 
niquiry of a soldier, I found that he was as badly situated ' 
:n the matter of sleeping quarters as myself "xhe' 
vious night he had mannger) to find sunie sort of couch 

•1-j I': • ' ill 

.,.;<.,-: ',. /I ■ -.^ cuvi 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 

about a livery stable; but upon returning, he found another 
occupant ahead of him. The night was chilly, and what 
made the matter worse, we had many of us in marching 
worn overcoats and double suits of uniform, on account of 
the smalluess of our knapsacks. This extra clothing, 
through vanity or comfort was soon disposed of, once we 
had arrived at Richmond, but at night, with no lodging, 
Avas much regretted. 

Happening to pass the theatre, I entered. It was at 

that time owned by M'mo. , wlio was an old actress 

herself, and who, from scarcity of talent or infotnation, 
placed in leading parts a half crazy actor named Doisey 
Ogden. One of Otway's old plays (Venice Preserved) was 
at that time on the boards, and one of the incidents of this 
was the dragging of the heroine around the stage by her 
back hair. The poetry of the play was so antiquated or 
inverted that the soldier audience did not even stop eat- 
ing ground peas to try to catch it. But the back-hair 
dragging magnificently atoned for Ogden's absurd acting 
and absence of everything, except a very fine wardrobe; 
so much so, that the poor heroine was encored and had to 
be dragged a second time. 

A veiy beautiful theatre was built during the war, and 
furnished extravagantly. It was always largely crowded 
— so much so on the first night, that I lost both hat aud 
overcoat in making my entrance. 

What had suggested the idea of my entering the theatre 
at that time, was the lio])eof meeting up with some friend 
who would get me ;helter. I did not get this, but did 
manage to join a pretty large crowd of soldiers who we:e 
nioving towards obscure lodgings, and in keejnng in com- 
\KU\y with these I proceeded to an attic room containing 

fill ■■''- ' qo 

:. b.:r. ) 

d •;!■, 

, 7 

S2 A SoJcliei's Story of the War. 

eiglit unattracti\"C beds, au.l succeeded, \vitliout opposi- 
iii.)ii, in ji;ettiiiL:- t'ae whole of uue of these. 

Feeliug out of dauger in the morning, I ventured to 
.inijuire of one of my new iicc[uaintances how it happened 
that I alone had occupied a whole bed. The soldier told t 

me that for hi.< part he would not have occupied any such \ 

cuucli at all, if he never got any sleep; and in answer to J 

further inquiries explained that a man had been killed in | 

it a night or two previous, growing out of a quarrel as to | 

wdio had the right of owner.^hip for the occasion. I saw g 

something of the case afterwarcls in the papers, but the 
tribunals could obtain no e\idence, either through the 
ignorance, or disinclination to speak, of the witnesses. 

Going down to breakfast, I met up with an old Louisiana j. 

frietid, who, diil'erent from every oiie else, was dressed in ;* 

an elegant civil costume — a thing at that day regarded l 

A\"ith great envy, and the certain index of a soft situation 
and a plethoric purse. My friend was Jim Morris, (who 
used to be well known on St. Charles street, and in the I 

army in "Violet Guard circles,) and on scanning his costume f 

1 discovered that it all piobably belonged to its wearer; t 

that is, it was not a mosaic gala, composed of the tempo- | 

rary loans of a half dozen messmates, which we, like the ^ 

first Napeleon in liis days of })Overty, were compelled to ', 

wear. | 

1 need not state that I felt exceedingly ilattered at | 

llnding a friend thus dressed, who seemed glad to see me, 
and in the feivur of my delight I shook him by the hand 
ujitil the breakfast began to get cold. 

Jim had once been a young doctor of much promise, but 
liocame seduced by iast company. At some sort of sup- 
per or entertainment one night he had won .Sl-}()0 at 
uaniim;-; and this successor misfortune aave him a ruHim- 

:sA >.;(.( /■'si'.ivi 'j/i 

.jr,.l/.- ;i i/-'.ii'-;- 


,' ,.; , ; -1,M,.|. ! :''::\^A' ,_, , -i. >•- •-'' 'U !-i.: 

,:i 1, 

A Soldier's Story of the War. S3 

]),'.>-ion, to wliich In? devoted his time henceforth — neg- 
U-cti'd medicine and for some years his old friends lost 
.siiihtof him. When I next saw him. he hnnted up all of 
liis old IVicnds. At first glance, from certain hard lines 
about hill face, it was easy to see that Jim had not lared 
well with the woi'ld. His object in coming to see ns was 
to borrow §10 a-pieoe, which he was confident he could 
raise tlie next day. We succeeded with some work in 
raising- the money, and took the opportunity of trying to 
persuade him to settle down to his profession. Jfe listened 
attonti\ely. went away with the money, and beyond the 
raillery of friends, who smiled at our innocence in. wasting 
boll) money and breath, we hetird nothing more of Jim 
or liis promise until the n.eeting referred to. 

As soon as we had r-liaken hands, instead of sitting doAvn 
to the table, he made me put on my hat and carried me 
off to a restaurant near the Spotswood, picking up more 
comrades on the way, among whom were Kingslow, Handy 
and F>allantine; we obtained the best breakfast the market 
afforded. 'ITe told me it was worth his money in the way 
of getting up an appetite, to see an army friend eat, and 
upon this calculation, he probabl}' ought to have been well 
repaid and stimulated by our example. After returning 
tile b'lrrowed money, and showing a good deal of curiosity 
as, to whether I had ever entei'tained any doidjts al)out 
repriyment (which I v\'a3 forced to confess 1 bad.) he 
invited us to malu' his room our headquarters, and to 
always come then- wlx'u we were in town from camp. Dr. 
Jim now held the rank ol" surge<ni. but I don't think my 
excellent advice about reform had had much of a benellcial 
elli'ct ; but he showed that he had been immensely pleased 
at having a friend that took that much interest in him, 
and never afterwards tired of doiu^' me little services. 

)1 . -.!i'- 'i:'': i!i: 

.-, l.:.f I r 

S4 A Soldier's Story of the War. 

I left my friciuls in tho floi^ tor's compuuv, after dropping 
ri liint of caution. When I saw them again their features 
were over(;ast with what was then known as a Honr-bavrel 
expressfion of countenance; and their manner was very ?ad. 
The exphanatitui was soon made. The doctor's company 
had been found so pleasant, that they had not had the 
heart to tear tlieiu.^elves away, until our accompli.-^hed 
bugler had lost |150, and the others more than tvrice 
enough to pa}' for the breakfast. 



At the end of A])ril, we proceeded down the James 
Eiver to the Peninsula, and encamped near the York- 
town lines of fortification of the Eevolutionary War. 
We did not see-thc cave in which George (according to the 
authentic old darkey's story) slipped up on Coruwallis and 
took him in out of the cold, while asleep; but the old 
lines of fortification, as evidence that the event really 
occurred, are still easily to be discerned. 

Williamsport, we fomul to Ix' a queer old jjlace, and at 
that lime singularly blended the cobwebs of antic|uity and 
scholastic lore with the bare and stripped appearance of a 
beleaguered town. There were some college buildings 
still in good condition, and a statue of ]5otetourt, who 
seemed to have had things pretty much his own way in 
his day, (he was (iovernor or something). And tiiere too 
was an Insane Asylum, where was to bo seen a beautiful 
young lady, who after gettirjg twenty beaux, went crazy 
from disappointed love for the twenty-first — a soldier in 

V (J (ilrv .)..( •vV<-l..a',H 
,IT ... ^^J I.M., :■■!..? 

l-«(^'U'j/. i -Ul 

/.u.:i :.U) i.:-jii 

I A Soldier'^ Story of the War. 

,1 Giilf Pii',:i;iinpnt who dIJ not know t'nou;4h to 
learn what was the matter, uf who was prevented l.>y the 
movement of his regiment from saving so. if he did. But 
at any rate, there Avas the poor woman incessantly wringing 
hor hands, or occupied in restlessly rolling up and twisting 
annnid a red scarf or mantle, which seemed in some way 
associated witli her mislbrtune. The town had long since 
licen stripped as bare of everything as a barbecue tabic 
is, fifteen minutes after a political speech is finished. 

A few days after our arrival, on going to a hospital to 
see a friend, I founil the chaplain growling at having to 
|/orform an unusual number cif burial services, just at the 
iiiiie when it was the most inconvenient. This statement 
Kd to the fuitlier explanation that the hospital had been 
I'MJered to the rear, and supported the inference that thei-e 
\wjuld be another retreat. We had arrived on the penln- 
-ulaon a damp, raw evening, but we had beautiful weather 
Hiost of the time returning, and it naturally put us all in 
I , >\cellent spirits to get once moi"e near Richmond. We 
Iiud a, beautiful country to go through as we approached 
'!i'> city, but the fact wa^- vve enjoyed nearly all scenery, 
V. hen we were kept in motion, particular!}- the mountainous 
rc'jionsof Virginia and Pennsylvania, and we never heard 
liie order given to go into camp without a sigh. 

Extract from the Afljattuifa Jviniiah 

.\i'K!i. i^ij.— Left Richmond for the Peninsuhi, with bat- 
i'-rii's on transport. 

21.— Arrived tliis afternoon at Kings Wharf Befoi-e 
v>" had our camp arran^ied, we had an awful storm, wetting 
^v.-iylhing and every body. 
,, --■ — Camped at Blow's Mill, seven miles from King's 

',;;, , .),/ :. .■ ■■■:\ ■ii(s> 

'I'l'''- '' 


;i()r.-::li '1' i. > -•'■■ ' 



11 li :>f'. li'l'. ■ r 

A Soldier's Shjrij cf the War. 

2-3.-— Marclu'tl to Willianjshin-— biAcniuoked two mil 

Mav 2. — Onlnuiice wagou.s pass, wliiclj means oitloi 
for us. xMarch at ?.:::;U ; bivuiuic at Burnt Oiilinary Tavei i 
oO miles from Kiclimond. 

4. — Move on the Diascund Road and camp. Report 1 
Gen. ]\ragruder, who commands rear guard. 

o.— March through a heavy rain altdav, and with axh 
deep m mud. Met the gallant color-bearer of a La. Rea 
meut. with no clothing except hi.s shirt, and everhistiu'^l 
-■^plashing mud. Ciim;.ed near Windsor Shades, at l:oU i'"" ^ 


THt BlViilWC:. 

The word whicli heads the chapter is one which. occuI^ 
frequently in this narrative, and is one which will awaken 
a host of rerollcctions from uld soldiers, mostly of a 
pleasant character— that is of the comfort which foll.)\A-, 
from rest and food after a long march, and the enjov- 
mcnt of pleasant gossip after the supper has been cook< d 
and eaten. 

To bring up freshly such a jiicture again, let us suppose 
about twilight that the bugle has .sounded the halt- 
that the pieces have been parked, and the horses watered 
and fed. All is animation and work now, and those wlio 
fail in the duties assigned them in the, will soon 
have to sleep by themselves or make new arrangement- 
One man provides the wood, another the water, while a 
third makes ready with the cooking utensils. Meanwhile 
those whose dn[y it is to construct the temporary habita- 
tions—for the reader nuist remember that tents ha\e 
become partially obsolete— aie preparing a couple of 


; Ml. J ' .; 

i .''/■. 

1 Ml Sr 

A SokUvr's Storij of the War. 

k >uiU'ho(i posts to be stuck uy.ia the ground. Across these 

I rxtt'iKls a pole 12 feet long, to the top of whirU smaller 

i.iR's are laid, with one end resting upon the ground ; over 
ihis is thrown a piece of canvass, where Ave have one, 
vv a large number of twigs and boughs, or even the rotten 
liiu-k of trees. This answers as a covering for the head ; 
the next thing to be done is to scrape away the mud, hail 
<ir snow, cut away damp grass, and to cover the interior 
with boughs, Avhere straw or planks are impossible to be 
I uljtiiined. The fireman has by this time cut some heavy 

tlogs, tlie fire is kindled against a huge spreading tree at 
tlie imiuediate front of the tent, the cold and darkness 
I disappear, and the sparks shoot merrily up\vard through 

ithe shadows. The rays extend out through the trees of 
the forest, lighting up leaf and bough with gliostly lights 
aai] shadows, and throwing the melodramatic lurid tints 
f '>\cr gnarled trunks, or sleet-fringed stems which are found 

I M) attractive in the Christmas theatrical perfonnances. 

I As the aroma from siumiering cauldrons or cofl'ee-pots 

^ luuuiits into the air. the men who have extended their 

I lilankets inside of the tent and stretched themselves 

I tjnToon, begin to recover from their languor; their spirits 

I iuhipt themselves to the fantastic shadows — to the innu- 

f: meruble lights which glimmer in every direction througli 

I tlie trees, and reflecting that the entertainment is to last 

I at this spot for '' Positively one night only," begin to 

I •■liter into tlie zest of the thing. It need hardly be added, 

I lliat the truant comrade who cumes back with additions 

I to our slender larder, in the shape of chickens or eggs, or 

''I'ttcr than all. a drop of something to drink, soon has all 
ills sins forgiven, and by the time we have consumed our 
hot biscuits, a delicious ration of bacon, coffee, and other 
el ceteras, and smjked a pipe of old Virginny. the soldier 

U.I. 'i^', ■.'\ ^( wV', ?'■ 

- v<iw;f 

-.n'l, 1...I i 

1 I'll:- .iii.'iriv ii'/l'; iin< u,, ♦>({' >.' 

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:^i)f .)} ■( lii'i' 'ir. , 1 'Us-j •■■i; ; 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

finds liiin..olf in about :i.« comfbrtatjle u frame oi" inintl u^ 
any other living mortal. 

The most beautiful bivouac I have ever seen, was where 
the whole army encamped in a valley and at the sides of 
a mountain with the bivouac fires close together, as had 
happened already in our retreat from Man^assas.' There 
IS no need to dwell upon the magnificent panorama of the 
improvised city that was spread out around us, or the 
dancing lights, the thousand different calls and crie^. 
But such was not always the life of a bivouac, especiallv 
during a storm. Then the tents, says one camp writei-. 
swelling inward beneath the blast, left no slant sufficient 
to repel the water, which was caught in the hollows and 
filtered through. Then the wind would increase to a. 
liurricaT.e. in which (lie canvass would flap and flutter 
and the tent pole quiver like a vibrating harpstrin-. 
Fmally the pole and the canvass would fall with a 
crash across your whole bed, your effects dispersed on the 
wings of the wind; and all around you, would be seen half 
clad men, grasping their fluttering blankets, and sittiiui 
amid the ruins of their beds. 

But in good weather, the men were all in splendid 
humor, and the laugh and shout over some of the ridicu- 
lous incidents and mishaps of the dav were Ion- and 
uproarious, and the patriotic songs were rung outNvith 
the sound of "clashing steel and clangino- trumpet." 
Then the men would come Ibrward who" had varus or 
curious histories to relate— of sudden fortunes 'made or 
lost m commerce— of tlie vicis.situdes of traile, bringin- 
some men Ibrward and ruining others, or of some of "the 
darker tragedies which make up city histories. We would 
give the travelers an opportunity of again crossing the 
plains, shooting bulfaloes while on horseback at full speed. 

■ill' rnm r> ',< •;; u^ 'n: 

,'['■■ : ■ -.11 1- 

.li;' ; i-foliillud ^:i ii:.K'il< .>iuuilq J 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

i \\\[]\ arrows which woulJ go tJiroiiijh. or j^onietimcs with 

j; guns — tlie i-lowe-t wa\- Avhere r. man Avould use his uiuuth 

I as a bullet-poucli. and ram down the ball witliout wadding. 

I bv strikhig the butt end of the gun on the pummel fjf 

I the saddle. There would be some little badgering about 

I some of these statements, and the "Old Soldier" (before 

i referred to) re.sented these narratives as a special intri;- 

f sion, b}' reciting his own adventures, say, among Mexican 

I Indians, Avhere every body was as virtuous as Hebe and as 

I naked as Venus. Then there were singular gossiping 

I stories whicli the men had picked up about some of tire 

I oil houses or ^illag•es through which we had passed, 

I wliich began to have a tendency to ghost spectres and 

i apparitions, as the hours advanced. 

f One of the unflagging talkers of the occasion was a 

i certain sergeant with a noble air and beautiful side whis- 

f kers. whose faults were not those which arise from o^■el■- 

r shrinking modesty. He came l)y some of his sins honesth ; 

J he had been an old newspaper reporter, and it was not 

I ex])cctcd that he should come down to plain truth-telling 

I the moment that printer's ink was beyond his reach. But 

^ there was another stirring young man present, of an 

I imaginative turn (.Toe L ) who was mixed up with 

I half of the deviltry of the Batallion. and who (merely to 
show his style.) once sent half the population of Clinton to 

I the woods, by riding through the town Avhile on a furlouiih. 

; I and sliouting out that the enemy were coming or just 

>| behind. Old Judge Semple, managing editor of the 

1| Trcscent for many years, and at tliat time refugeeing. Avas 

11 one of his victim^, and every one who remembers the 
•Tudge's girth, and knows the distance that had to be run- 
will admit tliat the Judge was quite right for abasing Joe 
for the balance of his da vs. 



,1 ,..♦(! :•) ■)•.,•■ ]) Ann .^t. 

iV ''ill "«oi 

90 A Soldier's Story of the War. 

Tht's.' two untiriijtr talkers had been having a good deal 

to f^ay. and the audience was looking for an avenger. This 

vas iuund in the per.son of one of the smallest and most 

quiet of the group, George M , who, with the wicked, 

cynical smile, which every one who knew him will remem- ^ 

ber, proceeded to relate an incident of the night before. I 

George went on to state that after eating a very square 

meal, he had laid do\vn to pleasant di-eams until he should 

be called to go on guard. He had, however, not more than | 

comfortably coiled himself in his blanket, before he was | 

Vv-anted. He got up, a little mad at the interruption, and |_ 

found sitting on a log by the tire, what seemed some |; 

new non-commissioned officei* — somebodv that he had t 

never seen before about the batallion. George started to * # 

let into the officer, with a good deal of bitterness, for t 
calling him too soon, but there was something about the 7 
looks of the stranger that took him aback and repressed t 
familiarity. Instead o!' so doing, he began staring very > 
bard iit the visitor, and wondering at what seemed a differ- 
ence in his uniform. ^ 

Meanwhile the strauL^er lit his itii)'^ verv deliljeratelv, i 

taking the end of a burning fence rail to do so, and occa- •: 

sionally glancing at George in a way that made tlie latter ^^ 

feel nncomfortable and impatient. ^ 

" Well, what are you waiting for — what do you a\ ant ?"' i 

said George, who began to feel nei-vous, his tone becoming % 

coaxing instead of irritable, as he ended his inquiry. \ 

The stranger went on puthng, with the immense coal | 

near his cheek, which gave, as George expressed it, '-a | 

demoniaciil look" to his face; he only, however, glaucetl ^ 

furtively out of his eye as mucli as to say, ''It's strange ^ 

you don't know who 1 am." ^ 

Georn'e answered his look rather than his words, and i 

.ju I '■,.i| ,i l/tt" ■■' -'■'■ '■■■■'• '"■ '■ 

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A Sohlier'a Story of the War-. 


in![uiivd ii' lie rcjilly kii','\s- ]iim, or if lie was down ior 
;iu_v particular ilotail. 

■• Dotail— ] shonkl tliitik you were." Hero lie took IVuni 
Ills side pocket a queer looking roster, or muster roll, and 
commenced reading out the names of a good many niL-n 
that had enlisted in Louisiana companies. This reading 
was listened to with grciit intere.'^t by George; for he 
began to remark as something singular, that after reading 
out the statements of age. nativity and other details placed 
upon muster rolls, the ••Remarks" would invariably end 
ivitli "died." or •"killed at Blackburn's Ford, Manassas," 
or other b;itii(> Held. In other words, unly those were 
read out who had died or been killed in some prexiiMis 
engagement. George began to think this sort of rcailing 
had an ugly look, and lie waited and sat thinking that he 
had had a very strange visitor indeed. 

However, the stranger at last came to his name, and 
began to run bis forefinger slowly out to the end of the mil. 

'■Well, how does it all end? — ^you've got nothing to .-ay 
about my name, have }ou?" said Georpe, with a fJua^■^'r- 
iiig voice. 

The stranger passed his forefinger o\er his lino twice, 
a.s if he had possibly made a mistake, and then added: 
■ ••'No; you are right. The name is not fully run out. 
ibit now that I am here. I niay as well tell you I'lJi 
around, and there is no telling when I'll wan.t you. All 
I care is to know where to find 3-ou, in case you should be 
called. And this rennnds me that there are some olliers 
in tliis camp that 1 shall want to report right away, and 
whom I had perliaps better take in my rounds." 

The stranger inquired ^\llcre some others were sleeping, 
niade a sort of military salute, and stopped a momimt to 
glance at the remaining n:imes by the light of the lire. 

■~:hA, r< ji *...', ■,■. . //•• 

li^ ij- .; . 'r' ('! ,l)t-7 :il|i| (.,) ■fi\i:l n nil,,., Ill ,;j 'Tin') 1 

ih .. f".ili',(, V lilUJ.M'I -J Jj. •UUIiiSi, 

92 A SoUlia-'s Stonj of the 

Meaiiwliilc Goorgu li;!d di-opped off. glad to find that he 
w:is not •» anted, and more detennini'd than over to get ;i 
good niglit's rest. 

He was again mistaken. Before George had fairly 
closed his eyes, the strangei" was back to his tent, and 
again distnrbing him. 

"I beg yonr pardon for again b'lth.cring you, but tlie 
fact is 3'our name /*■ down on my detail, after all. I am 
afraid you Avill have to come along." 

Geoi'ge's heart misgave him. He, however, concluded 
to crawl out of his blanket and fall iri. 

'"Have you got many down on your list ?' he inquired 
as they proceeded. 

'"Not so man_y as we have had — though there were a 
good many after the last battle, whom I carried off armed 
and equipped as the law directs." 

"That nuist mean tliat a good many went to heaven 
with their boots on," as we say now, thought George, but 
he only inquired if any bodj- else had been detailed from 
the batallion. 

"Oh, yes! There's the Sergeant and Joe L , 

and notoriously hard cases thej* are too. They were 
detailed to go along too, and have already passed on. 
r>ut here we are — we've got /iro iI,,ors by which we can 
now enter, and 1 hardl\ know which is tlie proper one for 

'• Do yon know which one Joe and tiie Sergeant went 
in at?" anxion-^ly impiired George, ouleavoring himself to 
guess whicli would l)e the liest one for him. 

"Which gale? Why, tlie directions were plain enough 
in their case. They weiu in here — oJ the l,-ft. They 
ai'c in there now. and likely to stay some time." 

" lu that case say no more. If men who never tell the 


.i;l vi 

,or,u «.''! H 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

1r\:th went in tliat way, T know I can't fare any worse, 
iiiul [irol)aijly will a great deal better, by taking the road 
that I'jads in tlie other direction." 

And so the result would have turned out, if 1 had not 
at that moment been sliaken up out of a sound sleep and 
told in gix)d earnest to go on guard. 

llie, point of the narrative, in spite of the clumsy way 
in which 1 have told it, would now appear so obviously 
to be at the expense of the two preceding truthful speak- 
ers, that the narrative ended in the indignant growls of 
the victims, and the laugh of the rest of the listeners. It 
wa.s then too late to tell any more stories: besides 
half of the men had fallen asleep before it was concluded; 
and soon the whole camp was burled in profound slumber. 



We were suddenly marched oft", late one night'-' down to 
Drury's Bluff, and in anticipation of the coming up of 
the Federal monitors, placed in position upon the bank. 

*Tlit: following ncre tUe onUrs of our mo^-enieuts : 

May G. — Ordereil to move at onp.e to tlie forks of tlie road, near Forge Bridge. 
' ira|ied in a beautiful pine grove at 5 p. M. 

Knemv pursuing — infantry ordered back. AVe remain on account of tlic bad- 
i"-<s ot the road. 

7. — Ordered to cross the Cliickabominy,'at Long Bridge. March ten miles and 

«.— Marched at a little belore 6 >. M. Camp at Blakey's .Mill Pond at 12 M.; 
':-iving made 2:) miles in 6 hours — the quickest marching, with perliaps one excep- 
iiun. done duriui.' the war. 

'^- — C'apt. .Miller's 3d ComiKinv ordered to meet gun boats coining up the 
nver at l)rury-.« Bluff. 

!■*• — The rest of the batallion march at G A. M. to Bottom's Bridge to report to 
•'t:n. .lohnstou. At lU .\. M., ordered in crt'np. At u ordered by Gen. .lolinston 
(" go two miles back. Bivouac at Savage t'tatioii and rejoined by the 3d Co. 

IG.— ('amp six miles from lachinond. at .\eiv Bridge. 

IT.— l!.uk to Blakevs Mill I'und. Whole army in position and invested by 

■■h ■■:''. V: v<';z i'vyy 

'i -"■ ' 

K, r. 

I)T3. >!,../ ,i>i<lj 

A Scldicr's Story of Ike War. 

I ^\a^! placed on guard, on a high bhiff ovorlookinir tho 
liver, though it really ^^•as not neces.<ary. as every one 
>vas a^^-ake and expecting e^ cr\- moment lo open lire. The 
monitor.'- ^\■(■re indeed ,<o near, that v:e could hear their 
subdued pulling, and even see tho gleam of lights or fui-- 
naces on hoard of the black hulls. Tho.-e \yere the days 
when tho imagination of soldiers were gi-eatly aflected by 
the novelty of the danger we were called upon to meet, 
and it seemed more terrible, the idea of being killed bv 
a shot as big as a water cooler, than by ordinary musketry 
lire. It is not a particularly pleasant blisiness any way 
to be worn out with marchijig, and then to be forced to 
meditate upon your chances for the morrow's battle, espe- 
cially as I can remember was the case at Gettysburg,'Avhpn 
the dead and dying of (lie two days preceding fights an^ 
lying on e^Try side of you«5 when you are compelled to 
witness every stage' of the death saturnalia from the un- 
happy victim trembling with the last shiver of dissolution 
to that of the corpse who sits upright with staring ay^s, 
or whose stiflened arm seems to point you yourself the 
road to perdition on the morrow. A corpse of the latter 
description p;issed ly us in a Avagon while we were at tin- 
Bluflj whose hand could not be forced down, and which 
the soldiers declai-ed was protesting to heaven against the 
rations we were compelled to eat. 

After Svaiting, or rather changing position twenty times 
during the tbllowing day and digging fortifications in tlie 
rain, the batteries were hurried olT at midnight, tifteen 
miles back to riiclimond, then down to Cliickahoaiin\ 
Swamp, then luick t(.) the city again. 

Thus we continued to move around thecity'^' witli Gen. 

-.May .;l.— ) 
inu's ofi- a 1) 


; • . jr " Imt 1. I- v^ixlv/ 'ii 

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A Soldiers Storij of the War. 95 

Johnston's arni}-. having sometinics to ho under heavy 
(ire as at ^Malvern Hill, but at the same time having to 
hold ourselves in readiness as reserve, to gallop off at the 
tup of our horse's speed, as the tide of battle ebbed and 
tiowed. 1 walked o\er nearly all of the battle-fields 
about Richmond, and fumd them as well, as tho.'rC after- 
wards of Noith '\'irgni:a, ]\larylaud and Pennsylvania 

pretty iinich the same — bloated corpses and carcasses of 
iiorses — scattered commissary stores. The hotness with 

.r.-NK 2t;.— Old, red to the McclmnicsviUe Koad. and held in resvrvp v.hilp A 
1'. Hdl drives the eneipy. S^undiii- in the road all day, ready at a mon.enl'i 
notice, ftiid the- mca all impatieu;, 

37.-StiU in rejerV3. 

28.— Mov-e to Meehanicsville Bridge, ou Chickahominy. Ist aad 3d Companr 
repOTt to Loiigstrtet, on the field. i:ud a.nd 4th, bivouac at bridcre. Desperate 
fighting day before. ° 

2ft.— At Eatterv Xo, 3, Willirni^l.urK Road. At 5 p. m. we (with the whole 
army) move down the Darbytoivn CoaJ after. .McClellan. Bivouacked at night 

31).— Marched at daylight— went into park in advauc^ of Lon^-^treet who 
promises to put us in to-day. '^ ' 

Jl-LT 1.— Kciir the terrible gnns pounding pwav at Malvern Hill. Order comes 
rom Longstreit to come at once. liatteries galloped over four miles in less thaa 
hall an hour afierwards. Parked in a field where shells whistle over our heads, 
and some tall about iTs ; but notordered to open fire, and otherwise doomed to 
disappointment. A? we dashed down the road at full speed in the afternr.on. uc 
Were cheered by the troops, as if they had been betting on us in a race ; and m 
truth there are few finer things than to see 32 completely equipped iriuis and 
(■aissons, racing with the men on the seats to the battle f'round, and stimulated 
by the smell of powder from the field. 

2.— Move across the battle-field of yesterday ; dead and wounded Iving thicklv 
Jiiouud. One man was seen dead in a sittiu-j posture, who had been sknlkin^ 
behind a great oak tree, and who was killed by a cannon b..ll penetrating through 
;'■ The enemy had a splendid position, and covered it with guns ; but o°ur troops 
instead of bein» hurled forward, were put in by Regiments, and cut to pieces 
in detail. Still in spite of the tsrrifie fire, many of the Gf'Orgia and Alabama 
troops fell among the enemy^s guns. The Sth Ga. and 3d Ala. from Mobile, were 
terribly man-lo'^ ' 

nivouac in the rain, near Poinde.tters House, which is used as headnu.arters 
'.V Lee. President Davis cover.d with a Mexican srT„j:, which he perhaps cap- 
"ired in the war of ■-l.'i, passed bv amid great cheering. 

.!.— Move in pursuit, and bivouac on Waterloo Farm. 

4.-131 and :!d Companies take posiiion nearer the enemv. 2nd and -kh with 
.\n.krson. Capi. .s,i„ircs, with 1st goes below McClellan'-s position, with .S. 0. 3 Cav.alry. and fire into the gunboats and transports. Tim instance of 
attack on gunboats by light batteries. 

H — Back to Iticbmond. 

1-*.- Artillerv of the right wing na Almond Creek. We call our camp, " C.'vmp 
l-ougslrect." Wc rcit aud rtlit. ^ 


■pfv-M -f.j.' (:.-.:.» ..M^^H 

A Soldier's Storij of the War. 

Avliicl} the battle was contested, was of course to ]je judged 

by the number of dead and wounded, and their proximity 

to each other. About thirty feet apart meant heavy 

work, though where the breastworks had to be stormed. 

as was the case in some of Grant's battles, the dead would 

he in piles. The . most effective artillery finng done 

during the war, wiis in an artillery duel between our first 

company and an opposing battery of the enemy. In this, 

beside exploding the caissons and almost annihilating 

their enemy, the^- killed &\Qry horse on a piece. The 

unhap})y animals wei-e all tangled up by their harness, in 

oni! inextricable pile. One of the men came across a 

beautiful spaniel at Malvei-n Hill, whom it was ditficult 

to persuade to quit his dead master's side. The ofter of 

ration.-:, however, finally triumphed over his virtue. The 

dog was alive at Richmond, and apparently infected with 

strong Confederate prejudices when last seen; though he 

made a narrow escape for having indulged in a vitiated 

taste for gnawing off all the buttons oil' a §500 coat. This 

was the property of one of those fierce Majors, wliose 

marches extended only through the streets of Kichmond. 

The feelings of this gallant soldier may be imagined, when 

I upon awakening the morning after a debiiuch, he dis- 

\ covered the extent of his misfortunes. His fury and 

I agony of mind could only find relief by asking such rpies- 

\ ■ tions, and failing to understand, "as what in the deuce 

I anybody wanted to keep any such a d — d fiop-eared hound 

I around tor anyhow." 

[■ There was another homely looking yellow dog on the 

f same battle field (v. ho might lia\e l)een a relation of 

' Tige's.) who coukl not understand how the battle had 

I gone, or who had had no oifers ol' bacon to corrupt his 

I principles. lu an evil moment he attempted to bite a 

("i-; Ki. ■l-..;i',. 

vt.i J-.- / u 

/.m1 /ITI. :.i! ■ li.-'ifjj 

A Soldier's Story of Uic. War. 

i .. soldirr, detailed to huvy the dead, :uid the attempt cost 

I i him a bayonet and his lite. The soldier was 

I I too much exasperated, aud out of Iiuiuor at the heavv 

r I shuighter of our men, to waste any time "fooliu-: around 

I I an old dawg." 

j I ^'^^e were given a number of new guns which liad been 

: f captured in the fights around Richmond, and had to eat 

so much of dried vegetab](>s, that the smell of soup Julienne 
to this day brings to mind the sight of swollen and 
blackeiied corpses scattered about lor miles over a Virgi- 
nia battlefipld. 
: L It was after McClellan had incautiously placed his 

I I army astraddle of Cliicahominy swamp (where as Lincoln 

II expressed it, he was like a bull caught on a fence who 
could neither kick nor gore.) and whci-e the Federal army 
was bogged up like Captain John Smith, by a sudden rise 
in the stream— that the cautious General Johnston found 
his true clumce. Here he hastened to deal his enemv a 
blow, which would have been much more staggering" to 
the Federal general than it was, but for Johnston's having 
been severely wounded early in the action. The wound 
might have won promotion and lionor for a soldier born 
under a more fortunate star ; but it virtually ended his 
Virginia career, before he had a fair opportunity of devel- 
oping hi.s talents. Cen. Lee now came upon the scene 
with the startling and joyous intelligence that old Stone- 
wall had outwitted hirf enemies in thr Valley, and wa^ on 
McClellanV' Hank. 

I writr t!ie hero's name with pride, and am liappy to 
remeudicr our 15atalli<>n ever took orders from him. "lli.s- 
tory will piobably give Slonewall the reputation for more 
genius and achievement, than any gcuei-al the civil war 
brought foj-th, and had he been at the head of ailairs and 

\^.i:i K 

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OS A SohUcrs Story of the War. 

rfiuiiiiicJ alive, the ^V1U' would have ended diflerciitly. Oar 
])atteiifs reporied tu liim al the l^attle of Manassas, and a 
crowd of ns once sat upon the pieces watching hioi talk; 
once afterwards, for a half an hour, in consultation Avith Lee 
and Lon,c;street. Jackson was then dressed in a sort of 
grey homespun suit, with a broken-brimmed cap. and 
looked Hive a good dri\ing overseer or manager, with 
l)lenty of hard, hor^e sense, but no accomplishments or 
other talent — nothing but plain, direct sense. It was 
because his manners liivl so little of the air of a man of the 
world, or because he repressed all expression, tliat lie 
had the appearance of being a man of not above average 
abilit\ . The remai'k was then made bv one of us, after 
stai-ing at him a long time, that tliere must be sinne mis- 
take nbout him — if he was an able man, he sliowed it less 
than any man an\' of us had ever seen. *" 

Gen. Lee first aj)peared, before us in citizen's dress — ' 
that is in white duck, with a bob-tailed coat; jogging 
along wiljjout our suspecting who he was. We tliought at 
fu'st, lie Nvas a jolly, easy-going miller or distiller, ou a visit 
as a ei\ ilian, to the front, and perhaps carrying out a can- 
teen of v/hiskey for the boys. He showed himself always 
a good iKitured, kind-hearted man, as well as a great 
general — stopping once to reprove though very gently, the 
drivers for unmercifully beating their horses wlu-n they 
had stalled ; and another day walking about and laughing 
over one of Artemus Ward's stories, and kept in a good 
lunhor about it, the rest of the day. He got ]mt out one 
day, huwever, with one of our men wlio took i)o-.-:.>->ion of 
a shady r^pot, that had been previously occupied ly the 
General; but which had been teniporai'ily abanu'ntdby 
him to hurry across the James. The young imh was 
asked wliaL made hiiu appropriate his Iieadiiuaitc.--. and 

;n[J /• : .^ I :: t; 

A SoJdier'f; Story of the War. 


'; what annoyed the General was, the idea that he had ahaii- 

j doned the phice for good. Ao the result turned out. we 

t Ibught more battles in that neighborhood, and starved theie 

! longer than we had done about any other place in Vir- 

I [rinia. 



H_ Som:tim£.s in the course of our marches oui- cnterju-isi 

explorers would come acros,-.s an odd volume, and for read- 
ing this in camp there would be abundant opportunity. 
For instance, if you were of an indolent turn, you could 
smoke and read by the tent fire-place, criticising the cook, 
Avho was working up to his elbows in dough, or watching 
the boiling and baking, between the interesting passages. 
T!ie volume v.ould pass from one mess or dirty hand to 
another, and the most unroading men in camp, as soon as 
tliey found that books wer.' in demand and that they had 
it in their jiowcr to read a coveted volume, would violentlj- 
chiim the right, and set to work in good earnest to crv at 
or laugh, as the ftishion was, over its sentiment or jokes; 
just the same as men did who never cared for the societv 
of woman previously, or who never cared to drink liquor 
before entering the army. As soon as it was understood 
that a canteen, a book or a woman had its value, every boily 
^vallted them all; and would study up the art of acquiiang 
them, the same as we did at maiving brier-root pipes 

On one of the battle fields about Richmond we came 
across a volume which had probably gone the rounds of 
the Fedei-al camp as it did ours, and from one of its chap- 

,. ; nor- :- N.' • ,M. t. Ml .'. : ■■.'M-.M^ 

;.; :i -'n;,.,! 

. HvnlY.r^ ^M ■, I, If* 1- i,r .^:i . 7 lin-.L'i"-! • iH 


A Soldier's Storij of the War. 

tei's. with a view to escaping statistics, and witli an object 
which will be expkiined further on, I propose to quote in 
substance, as remembered. 

This chapter touched upon a ver^-- sensitive chord for a 
soldier— the fate of a regiment that liad disgraced itself 
m battle, and by shametul cowardice and lack of discip- 
luu communicated their panic and exposed the other 
troops, thus converting a half won victory into a dis- 
astrous defeat. The time was in the Thirtv Years War 
of Germany, and the name of the regiment was ''Made- 
Ion's Cuirassiers." When the remnant of the beaten 
army had rallied under the walls of Praoue. sometime 
alter, the regiment which bad lost the battle wa.-= .seen to 
approach that city; but its raidcs are thinned less bv the 
sword than by desertion. It is understood amono-"them 
that the matter will be inquired into, and as thev come 
nx view, deep shame sits upon the bearded nices"^of the 
men; the soldiers declaring that reform should commence 
at the top of the stairs; the officers conversing in low 
whispers as to how best to excuse their own conduct. 

Arrived at the gates a message is received, orderino- the 
men to dismount, lead their hor,<e.s, and enter with lower- 
ed colors and without sound of trumpet. This ominous 
reception made the remainder of tlie regiment regret that 
they had not followed the example of desertion which 
had been ulmnduntly set them at the close of the battle; 
neveithele.^s, with downcast eyes and with wide inter- 
vals betNveeu the files, they marched on throuoh the 
narrow streets. ° 

Suddenly, dismounted drag,)ons, with mousqiiet<m, 
appeared behind them— the windows and balconies are 
seen to be lined with carabineers, who carrv their weap- 
ons at the recover. In the publi.- square theV are ordered 

vi;., v,U ■■v 

,i .!) 

„ „..,.. . >.' ^■^..: ■■-.' t-f' 

>,., ,r.:-,r'A .;. 

A Soldic?-'^ Story of the Yuir. 101 

1,,, '•■ Halt ; " " Draw swords." Then follows the command, 
"Ground arms.' Tiie buarts of the now disarmed men, 
who are formed up ;is j^jrisoners, misgive them. The 
I iinns and colors are carried ofl", and every thing appeared 
I M^ady for an approaching execution. For there in 
? ilie centre of tlie square stands the solemn headsman, 
I with his red cloak and black feather, with an iron vice 
I upon one side and a pile of fagots upon the other. A 
' ^'littering circle of bayonets appears all around, while on 
one side sit on horseback the military officers who are to 
try tiie offenders, if ti-irJ there be for men manifestly 
, iih-cadj' condemned. Tliore is but one question — -whether 
I the cowardice is the fault of the officers or men; and 
I alter the question has been debated violeutlj^ for two 
I hours, by oflJcers and men, and the prisoners are coming 
; I to blows, tiie clamor of voices ceases, at the blast of the 
trumpet. The judges consult — the prisoners drav,- back, 
and an abrupt, uneasy movement commences among 
them — behind and in front. In a moment more the 
i-;mse becomes evident to the spectator.^ — the hands of the 
"Sllcers are being bound behind their backs — they are sep- 
arating the soldiers by tens. While these latter are made 
lo thi-ow (lice on drumheads for their lives, the execu- 
ti'Uier is burning at the stake the regimental flags and 
(i'.'corations, or snapping the sword blades in his iron vice. 
^\ ith mournful eyes and sad hearts they see their flags 
•■"iisumed and weajions broken at the liands of tlie heads- 
!n;in — they witness it with an agon}- to which death 
^^ould have \n-{)n sweet. 

Meanwhile the soldier of ilie ten who has thrown the 
■ Avest die is 1)eing sei/.ed and bound and placed with the 
-roup of already handcunbd officers. And now comes 
■'"'-• closinu; and most terrible act of all. The ii'allows 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 

appears on the scene, and the unhappy tenth man and all 
the ofiicers are strung up hy their necks, on a scaftbld 
made ready for the purpose, the balance being condemned 
to labor on fortifications; and the town-crier solemnly 
proclaims the whole regiment, from colonel down to the 
last dragoon, to be "Infamous Poltroons."''^ 

I have brought to mind this picture of a regiment which 
has disgraced its colors, by way of making those who ha\e 
never thought of the subject, realize how great a misfor- 
tmie a soldier considers it to be, to be disgraced in battle, 
and Avhat dejection and downcast looks settle upon hi"- 
face where the reputallon of lii.s regiment has in any 
degree been tarnished. 

Some such picture, in many of its details as the one 
above given, was constantly coming before every soldier's 
imagination. He was hearing the words '• miserable pol- 
troons" pronounced in the shambling and straggling march 
of certain regiments who had been disgraced, in the 

*A similar scene is given in a number of tlie~>f'«ir Vork Trilnine of ISCl of tlie 
mutiny of the TOlU ^'e^f York [tegiraent wh:cli will bo suggestc-d by the abxnt 
In this 40'i men flatly refiisei to move trom curap. Tbe nun-commissioneil 
oBicers took from the men ih"ir arms. One homlred men aione stood firm, and 
kept the mutineers confined until surrounded by cavalry, ialimtry and artillery 
The leaders were handcuffed, an act was read leeitinp their many instances of 
insubordination, and the leader;., some seventy in number, who were disarmed 
and marched to the guard house, declared amenable to the articles of war. The 
regimental colors were tlieu taken away, and every man ordered to be shot 
down who refused to obey. 

Another misunderstanding between officers and men is thus given in a letter 
of I. G., from Columbus, Kentucky, to the Crescent, in the same year: 

"Serious difiiculties have arisen lathe — Artillery from your State. Owinn-to 
treatment, which is explained— they tore the initial of their Captain from their 
caps, whom they repudiated, and since this a diiriculty has occurred ivilli then 
new commander. The men com[ilained oi rough, unfeeling treatment; open 
e.\pres-;ions of dissatisfaction led to an altercation between the captain and om 
of the non-coiumissioncd ol'ticcrs, which resulted in tlie latter drawing a dagger 
and the former using a sword. The non-commissioncil officer had his hniid 
badly injured in clutching the ollicer's snord, and is now under arrest (."le 
hundred men made allidavit of grievance, whicii Polk refused to receive, but 
offered instead a transfer. Ti.'is was lieclined, :i!id a big trouble the cousequence , 
though ultimately settled by a iranster ot forty of the luembers to another 

A Soldiers Story of the War. 

(It-pressoii looks of ilie men themselves, and in the free 
(•iiti«i;'in of onlooki;:g soldiers. Ho could see the words 
tif ditiLirace betrayed in ambiguous reports of battles, 
where no amouiit of explanation could conceal what had 
\n-v\\ bad and cowardly conduct; and at night b^^ camp 
flics he would hear discussed the reputation of those 
rcLxiiiients who had first broken — at Gettysburg or else- 
wlicre, and thus caused the loss of victory and death to 
ihe overwhelmed brigades who remained behind. 

A company or regiment that once showed signs of weak- 
ness, niukes its own sold it- rs ten thnes more distrustful of 
••;uli otlier's valor in the next engagement, and unless the 
lieuioralization has been cured, and confidence restored, is- 
a soiu-co of danger rather than of strength to an ax-my, 
and will inevitably damn the reputation of any good men 
\vlio liappen to be connected with it.'-' As I write this 
;;i-\v, there rises before me the picture of a brave old 
friend from tiie Sth Georgia Eegiment, who was half 
lamenting, half crying, over the repulse his connuand and 
die Confederate tro.>ps had met with at Malvern Hill, 
•;inler the 1-30 guns with which McClellan on that day 
-''\i'l)t the Confederate line. -"We had nothing but our 
I'putation," said he, '-aud now we'll never want to go 
ii'iiiie, as we've lost that." In this latter statement he was 
!iiistaken. As for tears, a great many soldiers shed them 
al Gettysburg, though there had been no lack of courage, 

'In so S[ioakir;r, I .im far from recomiiienrlini tl'.e frequent enforcement of the 
■'■''; licn;ilt3-, Hi a remedy. .-Vntliony Siimbola. E-^n., who was detailed from the 

''i Company of Wasliin;ilon Artillery, as clerk to a court-martial, tells me 

•••were irin men shot between Chickaranuga an^l Atlanta. Desertion.' on a 
■-•■ ^■•ale allowed tlie discontent or hopelcjisne.'s of the troops from certain 

•■-V H:;.i ul,ole-ale >l)ooti'.2-.; (,'S for instnr.ce, i'J nt a time) only made the 
' ' '^1" ■ di = atl.r;i.,l. My iiilorniuLoii !< !ii;it li.-ii, i,ee never signed the death 

''•• l.T i.r.r,;., aiid.mlv th.'in.'.iii tlic -r-;' U'^t r;.lu.jtance. The penaltv might 

'•"1 tlie men wore taken. 

in (|. seitrd, or to llie mrcers who did not do their 
inie it destroyed the ,-f^:riL of the rejiiiiietits from 

.,( •■-'•= t,. A- 

.... 4 

:,..,...„... . 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 

nnd there were no dry eyes cat all. though not from a sense 
of shame, on the day at Api>oinatox Court House, Avhen 
General Lee, for the first time, dressed himself in full 
unifi^^m, and told his few followers, good bye. 

The trials which took place in the Confederate arnn 
were mostly regimental, that is were trivial and for wliirli 
no court-martials should have been ordered at all, and weie 
much more merciful in their awards than the one abo^e 
recorded — seldom amounting to more than extra guaid 
duty or loss ol' pay for a month, and for offences, whicli 
were really crimes, to confinement at Castle Thunder 
with t!ie ball and chain. The only case I can now 
rememl)Pr whore the death penalty was infiicted, ^/as m 
the time followiug the first battle of Manassas, when two 
of the •■ Tigen:^ " were tried tor insubordination, and ioi 
striking tlieir ollicers. The finding of the Court was— 

And so death it was. the spot for the tragedy being but 
a little distar.ce from onr camp. At the appointed hour i 
very large crowd of ofiic<M-s and men were there assembled 
A hollow sqiiai'e had been previously formed of troop^ 
from the same brigade. At about 10, the prisoners who 
had been sustained in tlie previous interval by the con 
solations of liquor and chami)agne, contributed by generous 
comrades, were brought upon the field. They were dressed 
in striped blouse and white Zoriave lireeches, and in the 
full eccentric uniform of the Company — the whole com 
mand being similarly dressed. The arms of the con- 
demned men were pinioned behind their backs; but tin a 
steps were elastic and showed no sign of dejection. Now 
the officer in connnand orders the finding of the couit- 
niartial to be read, and th^n the dramatic interest in the 
scene is increased, when the doomed prisoners are cou- 


., .,:•, , .,, .;.,v'l , > ••■ m'- ■.'j;if ! 

jiij, k'-ir lit) tj i.,-< r- • .-r,.! v-i" T 

f.u-;.i -i-ir-i ^ 

. , nli.-i'jr^!;;;!-:) iiri..: ■■'•!!■ i U :'n<\ii ' ■ 

, .,!( ,11) |i- li'-fjoi.' •■•■'■•./ .-.•.iMiii.i..?, 

,■:■ .S .;;:!-,■ fill! -/.v,) }>■.;■,•- ■•( 

.\,i. ■ : M.I '■; ;.,i'i.,i(r 

A Sohl'iv's Story of the War. 105 

fVontcu witli tlieir oavu colihis. The reinuiniiig detnils are 
v'ry simple — bandaging their c\0'~, and cau!^ing thoin to 
got upon their knees, Ix^lbre the t^velve motionless statues 
(or friends representing duty,.) who stand with loaded guns. 
The command is given. " make readj-, aim, fire," and the 
strong men of the moment before roll back corpses. 

I saw afterwards, several prisoners taken out and shot 
at Riclim(}nd, for various offenses. They were genei'ally 
carefully dressed in black, and did not greatly differ in 
a[)peanmce from that of a man who is gouig to appear in 
ptdjlic on a forn;al occasi(^]i — Avho is going to get married 
in hi^ l.H'^t suit, or who has some public duty to perform. 
"We had too in our ctn!i]i. a driver who liad been at ^\"est 
Point, enlisted for hi-^ knowledge aljout driving battery 
horses; Init who fell into disgrace, lie however, had no 
greater misfortune than to be driven from camp, by order 
of court-martial, after liavin.n- had his head shaved; or in 
other words, to be drunnned out of the army. The man 
shortly after was elected or appointed major of a Batallion, 
and did good service. There were a great many more 
victims of war all throngh the South, than those who 
were liilled in battles; for instance, those who gave 
all their time to drilling and equipping their men. who 
spent all their own fortunes in the work, and that of their 
friends, and who after ;dl, were ruthle.-*sly shoved aside for 
souie nevs' favorite, kept behind or constantly placed in 
obscurity. The South would have fared none the worse, 
if the men of education, who volunteered from duty, had 
been ])erniitted to go home, and give their talents and 
e.\-[)erience as ollicers to new regiments. Tlu' lighting .of 
liie regiments raised lov.ards the close of tiie war would 
have been much better, if such a, rule had been adojited. 
A trauie incident ^\ll!eh awakened much less feelin'_'. as 

. I> N:i<v,.,, 

-- ■;■ 't. 'Mr 


■■'.1 ; ■■ l.t 

1 1 : i r ) • 

■ ' ■ ! ■< 

'" '■ 

!V'^. ■■<!'> 

1 ■ >.' 

106 J. Soldier's Story of the War. 

tlio guilty party ^as not one of oar own men, occurred on 
our m.iroh after ?;>]ie in 1SG2. 

During tlie lu-ucii of the army, September 21, 18G'2, 
a spy dressed in Confederate uniform, or rather an imita- 
tion of it, rode up' to Gen. D. R. Jones, commanding di\i- 
sion, and told Lion he had been sent by Gen. Jackson, to 
tell him to lialt hL~- division "vvhere it then was. Sus})icion 
was aroused, frorii Tilie fact tliat Jones ^ras under Longstrcct, 
and c}-pher alphaliets and memoranda were found upon 
his person. It wa.s now remembered tliat one of Long- 
street's couriers Lad been shot on tlie niglit previous, 
while carrying a dispatch, by a man answering the pre- 
tended niesspnger'i^ descrijition. Tt was now found too, on 
examination, thai vne of the barrels of his revolver was 
empty. A drum head court-martial was immediately 
called — papers examined, and his guilt clearly proved by 
his own confession. The unhappy wretch was taken into 
the woods^ — his hands tied behind him, and placed a'^tride 
of a mule ; a rope was then tied around his neck — the end 
thro^\-n over a liu.b of a tree. Then the mule Avas struck 
with a stic'k by one of Longstreet's couriers ; away went 
the mule, and with it went the soul of Charles Mason, spy, 
of Terry ville. Pa. The column was detained by this inter- 
ruption three hoiu-s. The body of the dangling corpse 
presented a ghastly spectacle, as we marched by ; his boots 
had disappeared, and it was tlien said that these were tlie 
perquisites of tlie otHciating Jack Ketch. The man died 
defiantly, claiming to have given his life for his country. 

All further that need be said upon this liead, is that the 
talents, or one talent of a great general, consists in 
knowing pmroundly tlie character of his men — tlieir 
lirejudices and synipatliies, and where discipline should be 
sternly enforced, nr wir-eh' rehi.xed. Fur instance, one of 

'V,3>, ,'V ;''.,.. >. 

.u I ,;■•., :..■'■■ V. • /. 

.],.> vUi; 'i^ 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

our Geueriils in a AVestern Arni}-, -was at one time im- 
mensely unpo])ular by allowing, as was reported in thearmy; 
soldiers to be shot for chicken and hog-stealing; though 
Cronnvell. Napoleon, and other great and popular Gene- 
rals had in the enforcement of disciplijie, inlhcted equally 
great penalties. 15ut the idea of shooting. a soldier in North 
Georgia, or Tennessee, lor hog-stealing, a, crime to which 
the people of those States have the same sort of temptation 
that a Texan has to get away Avitli a horse or cattle! Such 
a sentence, though there doubtless was great need of 
making ]irivate property respected, was absurdly inijust. in 
view of the fact that the army -was nearly always hall'-ied 
and frequently starving. To shoot a man born cm Ameri- 
can soil; who has a natural tendency to steal, as a quarter- 
master or oflice-holder, but to die like a man ^\■hen he is 
led, was felt to be an outrage on every brave man who 
had given his life to the issue. 

Of a similar character was much of the discipline 
enforced during the first year of the war. Until officers 
and men had cou)e to understand each other, and were 
forced to accord esteem and respect to great qualities 
shown in battle, we were like animals badly broken or 
harnessed, galled jades wincing under needless restriction. 
The gentlennin of the salon or parlor retains in the every 
day life of a camp, but little trace of breeding or civility, 
but his sensibilities and i)ride were very easily touched ; 
and ]>robably a stricter and more cheerl'ul discip>line 
would have been kept u[>. if carei\d attention had been 
]iaid to these facts. I'j-oljabh', too, there would have been 
less (if the weariness and heart sickness which made so 
niany spirited men siidc oiV. from a feeling that they had 
nut elected rigid and just officers, Ijut selfisli and insok-nt 
oppressors. Uut this feeling died out as the war advanced 

lo •!/? ■ .;! : ■'•:". 

•:\) -il )\\'\ r(;ij ,11.,.., , /. 


.1 J. id 

(i) n'll'! i\ 


A SohUcr's Stnry of the War. 

— the officers who were reserved, more beeause of their 
inifaniiHaiitv Auth their new duties, th.iii from being 
iiiihited with vanitA-, gnidualiy learned their true duty to 
their men, and to retain at the same time their respect, 
while the soldiers were not slow in appreciating the 
deserving ones at their true worth. 

It's human nature to abuse more or less, your privileges 
and ad\antage3 of fortune — by keeping the tit-bits for 
yourself, the soft places for your friends, and by putting 
on rough duty tliose whom }'ou do not like ; for instance, 
in ]nitting one sf>ldier to assist i)i making fortifications 
under heavy fiie, with a spade (as I once saw one oflicer 
of the day do) in place of a lazier or more cowardly com- 
rade. But on the other hand, selfishness would crop out 
just as often in the soldier, as already previously explained. 



"We laid aroiuid llichmond from the thirteenth to the 
twenty-fifth of July. The life would have been slow 
suicide a year previous ; but after witnessing the despe- 
rate fighting at Mechaniesville and Malvern Hill, and 
seeing thirty thousand men killed, wounded and taken 
prisoners in the two armies in the Se\en Day's Fight 
alone, we were contented to bide our time — to accept a 
sort of liappinestf similar to tluit of om battery horses, 
fully assured tliat we would not have long to wait lor hot 

On the 2"nh the 3d Comj>any were ordered oft' with 
Gen. Anderson to New Market lieiuhts; on tiie -3th of 

^^' 'n ',, .. U. ;,'-^j'„ 

.' 'i i 'j:;: 'i ■ .'.!Tr/,'( 

■■if ' '•!, ; !v ill :.:•■" \i-:]'.: I 


A Soldiers Story of the War. 109 

X\\<s\\?.i an attack having been made by the enemy on 
Malvorn Hill we got ready to meet him. The First and 
Fourth Companies were at Laurel Hill Church. 

p]v;ins now commenced pressing McClellan and taking 
prisoners at Malvern Hill, which soon led to its abandon- 
meat, and onr being sent back to camp (Longstreet.) 

(General Lee thinking that McClellan's army was no 
longer worth watching, commenced moving North, and 
utir batteries received marching orders on the 10th. 
^Vhcn we passed through Richmond, as an evidence of 
the change that had connnenced, the people looked 
<'ii L6e's army siienth'- and a little sadly, dimly compre- 
licnding that in spite of recent victories many more heca- 
tombs of Ixidies would be made before the end was yet to 
(onie, and that victory for us meant but little more than 
the showy nniibnns in which the volunteer troops had 
f:r-t come on. Here were all the regiments marching 
tiu'ough, except those alieady dead and crippled; and 
those still alive and now marching on would still have to 
I'lirnish 100,000 skeletons, as if for a corduroy road, from 
(iettysburg to Petersburg. There were at any rate 500,000 
<'irp;ses to be furnished to order as if on requisition from 
the two armies; and the number taken from those who 
•iit.d or were killed in Virginia would have exceeded 
Tamerlane's pyramid of 300,000 skulls. 

We camped the first night out on the Chickahominy, 12 
luilcs bftyond Kiehmond, while the infantry were shoved 
I'Tward to Gordonsville by rail. Jackson had been up to 
I'is usual tliinible-rigging tricks upon Gen. Pope, (who 
^vas )i()\v tiying to see wliat he could nudvC out of the 
"ilicc of Federal Commander) holding before his blindly- 
-'■oping enemy at one moment a Jack-o'-lantern light, and 
':ji' next presenting him with a St. Anthony number of 



...K, -j'U 

., «., J.v,;- , 


A Soldier's Stonj of the War. 

teiuptatlons. The first of tlie rnilitarv blunders into ^vhicli 
Pope Ava.s iirvitid, Av;is to at1(.-iii])t attacking our railroad 
line of roininnnioation -with Jlirhmoiid. To do this lie 
pushed Gen. Banks forward to Cedar Mountain, with tlie 
caution given many times, through Popes Chief of StaiV. 
according to Greeley, "that there must be no backing o'll 
f/iis dav." And so there Avns not to be, he found, when hi 
started onward; for Lee's troops meanwhile arrivin^ 
Jackson stealthily pushed forward Ewell's Division, scat 
tcring the Federal cavalry, and creeping through the 
woods along the western base of Cedar Mountain. Havin_ 
taken up a strong position, fiyed his batteries, and gent- 
rally made hinisi'If comfoi-table, there was nothing mo ' 
to be done but wait until Danks should eouie ahmg and 
carry out his intention i)f not backing out. 

P)anks' attack Avas. lin^vevcr. very heavy upon Iva-1\ •- 
brigade of Kwelfs Division, Avho held the road, and Tali i 
Ihno WMs assiiilcd at one time in ilank and rear. " P)ut 
the best Union blood." says Greeley, •' i)Oured like watu 
Gen. Geary Avas wounded, Price taken pri.-<oner,Crawlbrd ^ 
brigade v. as a mere skeleton, and the others lost half then 
number in killed and wounded — more than two thonsmid 
in all." After several dny's maneuvering. Pope caj)tni(d 
a letter which showed that Lee's whole army was uj)! n 
him. and innncdiatel}' struck tlie Inick track aci'oss th( 

Meanwhile our batteiies had marched to Montpcliei — 
traveling early in tlie morning niid late in the e^■eniug. on 
account of the heat, and hivouiicking at Hope's T:i\eiu 
The next day carried us to T,ouisa Court-Ilouse, ami the 
day after to Gonlousville. 

We Avcre ordered forw;)rd again when Pope fell b;u-k t( 
Orange Court-Ilonse, (Aug. l(i,) and iound the enciiix 

■.f.v(-,.. ., [ 

.r.n-J- rl.rr, f 

A Soldier's Story oj the \Yar. 

diroctlj in our fi-ont. On the following day at noon, we 
moved cautioush' fovwaid, and camped near midnight on 
tiie Rapidan. The companies were assigned. Eshelanin's 
to Pickett's brigade, Richardson's to Tootnbs'. 

On the night of the 2d it ■\\as understood that we 
were 1o prepare for hot work llio next day, and at day- 
liirht tiie following morning. Col. Walton pcstcJ the gnns 
on the South side of the Rappahaiuiock, at the Railroad 
bridge, and at Beverly's Ford — the design being to tlu^eaten 
a cro^^sing at thc-e ];oints, while the army meanwhile 
should move up the Rajipahaniir'ck and get behind Pope's 
right. At b.oO, Ci'pt. Miller of the -jd company, who had 
the strain of the bring upon him, discharged tlie signal 
iiun, and betbre a "tliird could be tired, obtained a reply 
from the enemy's batteries upon the opposite side. And 
a dreadfully hot reply it was. The enemy had as much 
the advantage in position and puns as Jackson had had 
at Cedar Mountain. Every shot they fued tore through 
our liinks, killing and wounding the men, and smashing 
till.' pieces. Tlie hre became so hut that a battery who 
liad been assiizned position to the left of the Washington 
Artillery forgot to iinitate the boy Avho stood on the burn- 
ing deck, and moved off Avithout av\-aiting orders. In the 
l)rogress of the battle twenty-three of our horses were 
killed, and nine men killed and twelve wounded. Lieut. 
Ihewei's horse went galloping back, with an enrpty saddle. 
I leaving his rider dying on the field) to the very oilicer 
to whom it had f>een j.iromised that day, in case its o-\vner 
should be killed; which arrival happened jusl as a shell 
e.xplnded at the side of Col. Walton, killing the horse of 
biiulei- Frank ViU i.-ano. and woundiri.Li: that of Adjutant 
'Kven. Lieut. Ih'ewer sent word to his friends at home 
that he had tried to li\e like a Christian and die like a 

li,.v [■ 

AtUil T.i 

.r.0.1 i .. 

A SoIdiiTs Story of the War. 

soldier. He was burled at niglit in St. Jamc^ Church 
yard, with the Ijodie^; of other of our own men, who died 
on the .same battle field. 

Private K. T. Marshall was the brother of Gen. Lee's 
I^rivate seeretarv— the latter assisting at the funeral with 
a clergyman. The gra\ e of the latter is now nuirked at 
"Warrenton, with a iiiece of the Iviohmond-made gun which 
caused his death. The further details of this battle will 
be found in the following reports of the battle of the 


On the 23d of August, Gen. I.ongstreet diTei-led Col, Walton, m !th part of the 
Washrngton Aniilery and other batteries of his commuiul to drive h-wV a force 
of the enemy thtit had cros.scd to the SoiUh bank of the Happahanr.ock near 
the railro-id bridoe. upon the ivithdrawal of Gen. Jackson on the previou-= d„ 
J ire was opened about .^.uirise, and continued wiih jrreat vi .or tur several hour'^=' 
the enemy beinfrcotnpeUed to withdraw with luss. i^ome of the batteries" oi 
tol. b. h. Let- s batallion were ordered to aid those of Col. Walton and under 
their united h re. the enemy was forced to abandon his position on the north 
side of the river, burning in his retreat the railroad bridge and the neighboring 


I had ordered Col. WaUon to place his b.itteries in position at Rappahnnnock 
station and to drive the 6«««i^*ion. his positions on both sides of the riv- 
The batteries were opened at sunrise on the 

er, th( 

across the river, abandoning his tCte-de-pont. The brigades of Bri'--adier Gen 

^:i: ";;' '±=^^:"' \^\h?iy^t^^. ^^■^:- 'v ^"^--^ "-v./t^rward to 

is batter 

occupy this position. It waa found untenable, however, bein- evpo^ed to 
cross-fire of artillery from the other bank. The troops were th^Teto e n.^rti'iU 
-withdr.iwu. and Col. S. D. was ordered to selea P«"i.iii 

and joined in the combat. The enemy's position wi 

for him and he took advantage of a severe rain sto'rni to retreat in haste, after 
firing the brid.-e .and the private dwellings in its vinnitv. Col. Walton deserves 
uiueh credit lor skill in the management of his batteries ; and Col. Lee got into 
pusitioii m time for some good practice. 

llEl'Oin' OF COL. WAJ/rOV. AuTii.Li;i:v Corps, H 

iJfpt. X' ri;,.n, r.r./,,,,,, I,,,/ 

1 have the honor to report lii.u, in obvdiencc I., an order -Jieu'i 

Oeueral Longstre-t, on the evcuii.- of the ■•2d instan 

paniud by .Major 

i..l/; .T M M ■. :/I 




A SohJicr'i Storij of the War. 

U5 iiislructeJ, tu jiuilc tlir lung-imige | 
open uiioii tlie eiieniv's baUeiies cur 
during the uighl, ratide nil necessiiry p 
23d, I placed in posilion on llie 

tery \Vn5hingt011 Artillery, lour light tvvelvi 
of two ten-pounder Parrott guns under t 
j'-.irrott gun under Capt. -Anderson; and 01 
V.asliinpion Arlillery, lour three-ineb nties : 

c rftafl- of liriir. Gen. D. 1!. Jones, .11 
first Company of Wajliington Ariillei 
I of the enemy in the vicinity ol' Beve 
1 the Rappabannoek river, wiih the vie 
uus under my command, in position 
y on the iollowiug morning. liaviu 
■eparation, at davbreak, on the niornii 
elt. at He.verly'3 Kord, Capl. Miller's bj 

-pouuder Xapol 
apt. Rogers, and one teu-ponnder 
1 the right, Capt. Squires' Battery, 
Cai'i. Siribiin.' s iiattery, one three 

ritle aud three light twelve-puunder Napoleon guns ; a section 01 (.'.u)'. 
Chapman's Battery, one three-inch ritic and one light twelve-pounder Nap.jlton 
gun under Lieut. Chapmau, and two Jilakely gnus of (Japl. .Maurin's Baticrv 
under Lieut. Laudry. 

■ The heavy fog prevailing obscured the opposite bank of the river, and the 
enemy's positions entirely from view, until about sLk o'clock, a. m., at which 
hour, the sun having partially dispelled the fog, I opeiied.iire from Capt. -Miller's 
Haltery ujion a battery oi long-range guns of the enemy, directly in front, at a 
range of about one thousand yards. Hy previous arrangeinents, the baltene.s 
oil the right and left "f Capt. .Miller's position immediately opened, and the fire 
became gc-uerai ci!"r •■ '• ■ !:'•.", We had not long to wait for the resoon.e of 
tae enemy, he in ^ i; i > • iiin_' upon all our positions a rapid and vigormid 


e from all I- 


le battery of t 



nutes. Xonv 


inL' tl;e 


n, on the left, 



irtlv afi 


thdrawn from 




en posted, thu 

s It 


g the b. 

guns should en;; 



e to dire 


the right, a u 





d directed his 



inst the 


lich bad been 



1, opeue 

causing liim to lose hea 
Miller's Battery alone on 
with Gen. Joiit--. ni.d the 

on. until then undiscovered by us. 
• 1 by I .ij)!. .Miller, was silenced in about ibriy 
: . ■ I ,_ :i. under Capt. Uodgers aud -Vnder- 
; 1 : , L - iiLiit of the engagement been 

■•'■ ■ : : ;i , Ml' the hill on which they had 

:t aiiainst Miller, and the batteries on the hill 
tiro. At this time Capt. Miller changed position 
apposing battery, when one on the right of that 
upon him, subjecting him to a cross fire, and 
• in mi-n and horses. The fire was continued bv 
left until seven o'clock, when after coiisullatl jii 
0!' the ciainy having .greatly slackened. I ordered 

and for the good jndgmeni and coolness I 
enemy, to which he was subjected during 
'Hie object son-ht to be obtained b\ th 
fully^'.i.'d bv .Iriving the eneuiv I'ro.n all his p 

ely d 

. oiubat 

on the 




Id. and w 

ju for 



in whbh 


handled 1 

13 hat 



played u 


cr the heav 

v lire 

)f t 


hours w 


out intern 




am happ. 

to sa 

V w 



to tliose iiaiuti'l 

rewer, Tliird'( 


-,v V," 

:.;.:."nn Artillery, ,vh 

at the nionien 

' '1 drawn from tl.e 

sioned ollicers 


1 ■• officers and n 

are deserving 


I : ! .- ' : ■ - 

I .>:^.- for their gall 

tion of the Oei 


di.,gi.= resoectfnllv,li, 

rlv iu the ri'p 


of Cap 

s. Miller and S(iui"res. 

■arded to Capt 


ler and 

hi.s brave Company li 

■.\::i y 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 


n, of Biig. Gei 

. P 






It. Will 

s, or Gen. D. U. 



iff-, mid to Lieut 


lU^ru ( 







11 Artillery, all ot 


wure constaiilly w 

all 1 



•r fi 




he eng 


meiit, lor "tlieir v; 



sistuiice aii'l zea 




t 01 



one more bnive o 

■ more 


serving coiisiiii-r 


1 t 


- g 





a list of casuaities, and 


ve the houoi- to 


Col. a 




C/urf of Art., Riffh 



I proceeded with my battery, of four "smooth-bore 12-po'.ind Napoleons to 
Beverly's Ford ou the Ra|ipahainiock, 1000 yards from the river. .My position, on 
a bill sloping towards the river, was not such a one as I would have desired, 
though doubtless the best the locality atibrded. At sunrise I discovered a bat- 
tery of the enemy in position, immediately iu front of us, on a hill on the uorth 
side of the river, luid I opened on it with spherical case. The enemy replied 
briskly, and lor half an hour the liriug was very spirited. During this time I 
was considerably annoyed by an enriladiug fire of a loug-ranged battery, posted 
to our right, and entirely beyond our range, .\fter nearly an hour's euga^'e- 
niciit I was gratified to notice that the fire in our front had [.erceptildy slaek- 
.eiied, indeed had almost entirely cea.-ed. Up to this time but one of my mea 
had been wounded, aud two horses killed. Tiie batteries supjiortiug me at this 
lime retired from the field, subjecting me to a gallingcross-tire from the enemy's 
rille battery in their front. I immediately changed front on the left and replied. 
The enemy having our e.xact range, rtplicii with terrible I'recision and effect. 
For sometime we maintained this unequal conflict, when having nearly exhausted 
my ammunition, aud agreeably to your orders, I retired bv half battery Ifqm 
the field. 

My casualties were: Killed — First Lieutenant Brewer, privates Thompson, 
McDonald, Joubert (mortallv wounded) and Doian. 

Wounded— Corpl.' P. W. Pettiss; privates James Tully, Lew, Fourshee, Max- 
well, CriUy. Kerwiu. Lynch— eight. 

Twenty-one horses killed — 350 rounds of ammunition e.xpended. 

I would be pleased to pay a tribute to the coolness and intreiiidity of my 
command; but where all acted so well, it would be invidious to particularize. 
I slionM lie wanting in mv duty, however, were I not to mention Lieuis. Hero 
iM.d McKlroy. and my non-conimi.=sioncd oflicers, Sergeants Mc.Veil, Handy,. tjeU 
lin.^, Ellis and Stockcr, and Corporals Coyle, Kremmeiburg, Pettiss and DeBiaac, 
ivho In their c-o(,ines,< and close attention to duty, contri^buied not a little to the 
efficiency of mv batterv. P.espectluliv, 

C^/it. Comm.imliiig 2d Ch.iJ. )!'. .-1. 


Early on the morning of the 23d of August, the artillery, composed of tin 

[ first company of Washington Artillery, (four three-inch ritfes) and Captair 

Stribling's battery, (thi.o Nanoleon cuns and one thiee-iuch .ritie) maichijj.n 

I the direction of the li.r .vi.. ::•■• i !:.;,-: .'M-.:-. -'.1.1.11, • • • The Ua 

trries Were formed in l.:i : , : ■ ; , ■ . i : :.m nig order : Fir,l (."oiii 

jiany Washington Ai,;.: ' . i i ! , . - . , ,, _ ,:;^: Oi.\ie Arlillerv, om 

and one three-incli ritle ; Ilii<lia.! =. .iri.'l;. I, ecu accuinj.lishcd when the .«i".'H.i 
was given from your jiosifion to '■ commence firing," which was quickly res 

:\<. i-\-'.'M<. k 

•i'.f "ri/.-j '{■> T;!o-'M;r 


Ui h)-. .T'l,v.) ■■!<> T;:«^;^!t;t. 

A Sohlicr'^ Story of the War. il3 

,.;.r..lciMo l?y the cnomr. Tlio cnmlia; -.v , :.:, '^ ■' i-d on liv tlie artilierv 
nIr'.M.ily in our iVniit fm- lirtlf an hour, wl,. ■: . pUu-eU a "liattcrv nn the 

.■Mrtinc left, iui.l hivl jmi-tly sncc-eo.leJ in : I H;tene.s, when' I -.vith- 

ilii'w tlie ?i-cti.>n ol Lieut, (ialbriiuh, nn.l ,:,:. , i ,;. to enga^'e' the onfriiy on 
the left. Lieut. (J. accomiilishecl lliis under a heavy fire, and was parti- toVced 
from his tiisl position when Lieut. Landry, with a section of Capt. .Maiirin's 
Hattcry reported, and fl-ns .^ent to a5si=t Lient. G.. the (onr guns beint? pliced 
under Lient. G., who managed to keep a heavy enfilading lire I'roni tlie main 
batteries, by the coolness and bravery witli which lie niana-iivreri this batte'rv. 
The fire on both sides now became general and rapid. The enemy placed more 
artillery in position, and for soui.' time 1 thon.?lit I should have t"u retire; but 
the enemy soon alter slackened liis fire, and it was evident he was wor.iie'd bv 
the projectiles with which our artillerists assailed him. An ofhcer now cauie 
from the ri:.;!it and inlbnned me tli:'t the infantry were preparing fo cluir<.'e, and 
to cease lirii.p aj ,M„in as they appeared. I kept up the tire, returning shot tor 
sliot wit!) i-i , V ho appeared willing to give up the combat. 

Sepiii-' ' ,^- informed that Gen. Evans (commanding the infantry,) 

was adi,' ■ , k the enemy, I ordered the four (reserve) amis of Lieu':, 

(ialbrai-h ;:. |. - ■ ., t.j engage li'c enemy's artil'erv, and draw his attention 
while oar t,.. ops were advancing. The enemy finally gave np his position, 
retired aero, s the i.appahaiinock, and only replied occasionally to our fire, and 
iu an hour alter ceaseii tiring altogether. 

It is with pleasure I am enabled to speak of the gallantrv with which fapt. 
Stribling, ctlicersand men, behaved on this occasion. Lieiit. ChH|irean. with 
his section of Ui.xie Artillery, behaved with great coolness, and iiaudh'd his 
gnns with eiTect. To Lieut. L. Owen. J. M. Gall.raith, and those under their 
command, I would especially call your attention. Both olficers coiuia.uided 
lull batteries, and handled thoin Jwith coolness, bravery and good judgment, 
which has so often on previous occasions won the confidence of their nieu' 
Sergeants T. V. Abhy, C. L. C. Dupuy and L, M. .Montgomery rendered me effi- 
cient service: the latter, on previous occasions, has placed me under many 
obligations for his voluntary services. 

First Cotnpany, Rattery Washingtori Artillery, killed : Privates, W. Chambers 
I{. T. Marshall, J. Reddington and H. Koss. "Wounded. Conoral W. H U est' 
PriTates, John R. Fell, T. S. Turner, .M. Mouut and W. R. Falconer. 

Di.\ie Artillery, wounded : Privates, Johu Eddiiis, Westley Pence, .L.ihu Knight 

Strii.:i;/-" ';:.'•,■ V V,.,; - 

First < . '; 

Stribl- '■ ■' : 

Pixie V.^::. ,^ ..;■,. . k;!. 

One threi- in. h ritio gun . 
from about seven o'clock, 
following amunition: 
^ First Company Washington Artillery, -tOO ; Section of Dixie Artillerv, "on ■ 
bection of -Maurin's Artillery, Uii; Stribling's Artillery, 35J ; Leake's Artillerv; 
one gun.— Total, 1,182. " 

Captain Leake reported after the enemy had retired with one rifle and three 
smooth-bore guns. He sustained no loss. About two o'clock, e. M.. Major 
Gariiett rode np and rer|nested me to scudSfour rille guns to Col. .^. I>. Lee, w'iio 
was on the right, near Central riilroad. For this purpose I detached Lieuienunt 
Owen with one section of the Washington Artillery, and one section of Mann's 
t-atlery. In obedience to your orders, at half past five r. M. 1 ordered all the 
guns backtf) tlieir respective commands. 

Very respectfully, Colonel, your obedient servant, 

Oipt. OnmiionrUn,, Finl O-.. B:it. IP. .1 


t. Archer, 


one Private 




ses killed, 1 




. 4 

nded, 0.— ' 


il, i; killed, 1 



1 .1 

iring actio 


The batteric 

s we 

re en; 



eleven o'c 


k, A. M., an 

1 ex 



A Soldier's Story of the War. 

C H A 1^ T r. R X ^' 1 1 


While Pope'.s attontinn was tlms occupied with L-orig- 
streot, Jackson \v<is pusliiiig on up the Rappahannock to 
make a crossing at one of the upper fords, (Hinson's 
Mills,) move around Pope's army in the rear, and strike 
the railroad to Alexaiidiia. The fn-st day of his rapid 
march lie reached Selma. and as McGlellan was coming 
on from the Peninsula with more troops, and no time was 
to be lost, Jackson pushed on to Bristow Station, striking 
the railroad about dark — Hay's Brigade in the front, and 
Forno in ccinmand — capturing tv/o trains of cars. Pie 
liad thus forced himself between Pope and Washington 
v.ithout meeting any re^!stancc, or without any suspicion 
upon Pope"s part that so daring and dangerous a nujve 
would ever have been atten;pted. His position is now 
indeed critical — foot-sore and weary as his men are, he 
must divide oft" two regiments (21st Georgia and 21st 
North Carolimi) and send them with Stuart's cavahy, 
seven miles further on to Manassas. This expedition 
crept cautiously through the dark and struck the place 
from behind. It might have been warned by the dash- 
ing by of an engine from Bristow, which soon after ran 
into a Train ol' cars, but was not. 

At this point he captured supplies of pro', is- 
ions, guns, engines, and other munitions of war, for which 
latter Pojie's army will soon have sore need. But the 
alarm has been given now, and the enemy are closing 
around Jackson on every side. First, the little ftrce at 
Manassas nuist beat oil Scauiiiion across Bull Run, and 
take his bridge away from liiui ; then Stuart's cavali-y mu^t 
raid up and down and destroy c-verything about Fairfax 

V'« -y^ii^'c a'-vujvVv. ». 

y ; i. : f ; ■ ' /■ t^ :j 

n; ..."!■ 

'1.1 .■..;(i((H!IM'. r 

h:>y. ■in I- 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

and Burke's station. Then (tor the moments grow more 
and more preeioiis) Jackson n\ust push up his own and 
Illirs divisions from Bristow, and rout the Federal Tavkir 
\vho goes one k'g on the encounter, and has much diik- 
culty in hobbling off on the other. But Pope's ^ylu)lc 
army is being spread out iio\v, and tliey liold the gaji hy 
^\■hich Jackson came in. As tlie ai'ternoon oi" this event- 
ful day (the 27th) wears awa}-. Hooker comes up on 
Ewell, (left behind at Bristow,) and after hard fighting 
Gen. EwelP burns everything behind — the Louisiana 
regiments being "'hotly engaged" — and destroys the 
biidges. He must now rejoin Jackson, whose only chance 
is to move westward, towards Longstreet. There was jiot 
much sleeping that night for tlio weary soldier: and ;it "> 
o'clock the next morning, (-■■^th) Jackson makes a detoLir 
by way of Centreville and Sudley Springs, followed Ijehind 
by great masses of the enemy, whom he impeded by de- 

*Tlie following; i.-: extracted from tlie report of Gen. Early: 

Hays' Louisiana bri;,'aiie whs on the right of tiic railroad, ami my own brigailc 
to the riglil of Hays' \a a jjine wood. 

Col. I'orno, wiili lour rci^inH-nts of Hays' brigade and one of Lawton's, and 
one piece of d'Aqiiin's li.utfry, was tiieii ordered to the front to reconnoitre and 
destroy the biid-e over Kettle run, and tear up the track of the railroad. He 
l.jnnd ilie enemy had liinni^'ht np on a train of cars a body of infantry sutiicient 
to till nine cars; but havini,' doubtless discovered our force to be larger than was 
tluinght, was re-enib:u kijii.' it. A few shots from the piece of artillery were 
lired at the train a:. I ii ui.. ic its way back again, alter rec-iving some damage. 
The Otii Louisiana, under Col. .Strong, was left on picket two miles in front, on 
the railroad, and the dth Louisiana was put to work destroying the railroad 
biiilgc and tearing up the track, and Col Foruo returned with the rest of the 

Tlie enemy was seen ftpjiroaching on the right of the railroad and in front of 
II»y<!' brigade, the Uih and Sth Louisiana regiments falling back and taking 
position in a wood three or four hundred yards in front of the brigade. The 
enemy's force consisted of ht.ivy columns of infantry, with artillery. As soon 
as the enemy came in range 0!ir artillery, from its several p(.ioitious, opened on 
him, as did tiie Uth and .<tli I..>uisiana. I'.v this combined lire, two columns of 
the enemv, of not less a brigade each; Ki-:c driven bark, .ind the 5th Lou- 
i-iana regiment wa-i sent forward to rcialoree the ai.xth and ei/ii!i). At tlii-- iimc 

I- uiili.lra'wn in gu,i,l order, (leu. Kuell diiecled me to cov e: ilie reii i i,ig ,,f 
at Ihe railroad bridL'e, and then llavs' lirigade followed— ail without mucli loss. 

.; M 

A Soldiers Strni of the War. 

sfimiiv.- the l.rirK.,.. aiid moving- on back towards Sudloy 
>.lill.s Foi-d, wluro Jie must encounter iji a sanguinar'v 
fiuht ;t fro-h dhlsion, (King.s) only to be terminated b'y 
darkness— Ewell and Taliaferro both being v,ounded. 

It certainly loolis as if the game for Jack,«on is ended 
now : so General Pope believes, for on the 29th Jackson 
will be assaile.l by 2-3.000 troops, and from everN' quarter, 
at (he same time. But meanwhile Lee and Longstreet 
• had been following Tope closely behind— so closely that 
at Jollerson. where we bivouacked about sundown on the 
21th, the two liostile camps came in sight of each other, 
and the enemy commenced shelling our position. In 
crossing at Waterloo bridge. (2Gth) Longstreet had telt 
our need, and made our batteries follow immediately 
after him. 

Moving throu-h woods and iields to keep out of si-ht 
of the signal corps, through Annanville and over Uio 
Warrenton Turnpike, vre crossed the Rappahannock and 
camped near Orleans. On the 27th, during a halt for 
1^ rest near Salem, the town was suddenly dashed into by 

I Federal Cavalry, and a number of stragglers absent for 

f^ water or food barely escaped, came rushing back and gave 

I the alarm, though it did not prevent Gen! Lee from gn-eat 

[, risk of capture. Our trouble was Are Jiad no caval'rv at 

t, ■ hand to give any news ; and I remember seeing Gen.'Lee 

I emiuire of u.-^, so diilicult was it to .see or obtain informa- 

f tion, whether some horsemen in fnnit were the enemv or 

[. . our own men. ,\t any rate, the infantry with us were 

I oi'.lered into line— Cm. Anderson getting them stirred up 

I ^^itli tbe cry of '-Tut on your shirts, men, there's no time 

I.- to lose now." 

\ '-^'''e •'^itiiio night we mai-ched to Thoroughfare Gap. a 

very juutow ])ass. with ])recIpiioiis sides.' and throudi 


A Soldier's Storij of the War. 

JJiill Pam !Muimt:iinr.. \\v were here delayed by the 
eiieiay in force. (McDowell) who. it seemed to us mi;j;lit 
liuve, with a hundred men, achieved among the gloomy 
])rer'ipices a.s much as Leonidas. The Persian king, how- 
iver, did not have Hood's Texas Brigade to do liis flanking 
over the mountains; and so Jackson, whose destiny now 
hangs on a tiiread, and the booming of whose guns our 
\anguard can hear, will soon be reinforced. At alwut 
mid-day, (29th) Longstreet, who had been pressing hotly 
forward, came in on the right of Jackson, and the crisis 
liir him had passed. Pope's eftbrts to overwhelm Jackson 
had been a failure. There remained now nothing to do 
hut to turn upon Pope, twine around his army although 
still the largest, and to leisurely beat him back in two 
(lays fighting, across Bull Run, to the heights of Cen- 
tre ville. The reports of our Connnanders, given be- 
low, tells the rest of the story : 

K E 1' R T OF C O h . \V ALTO N, 



November aotli, 186:;. j" 
T.. Majoi: G. W. SoKKti.L, 

Al^i'lmxt AdjnI'Kit i;.->I«r.,;, Ri.jhL I'.VnJ, .i. S V. 

1 havu the honor to Iraiismit the following report of the operations of tlie 
l^iliiilion Wafhinglon Artillery of Xew Orleans, under my coramaud, on tlie 
•-■••th, 3(ith, and 31st August las't, at and after the second battle of .Manassas. On 
■.lie'.;3th Augtist, 18i;2. the four batteries composing the batallion were assigned 
iiiid served as follows: The fourth cumpauy, consisting of two six-pounder 
I'.'onzi' guns, and two twelve-pounder howitzers, under Capt. I;. F. Eshleman, 
l.ieut.s. Norcoiob, Battles and Apps, with Pickett's brigade; the second cora- 
;-iriv with two si.v-pouiid bronze guns, and two twelve-pound howitzers, under 
"'■'pi. Richardson. LieiiLs. Hawes, DeRusscy and Britton, with Toombs' bripide ; 
t':e lirst company, wi;h three tliree-inch rille gnus, under Capt. (.'. W. Siiuires, 
'•'•■ut.,-. 10. Owens, I'ralbr.'iith and Brown, and tlie tliird company, with four liglit 
!n.-h-e-pound guns, (Xapoleous) under Capt. M. D. -Miller, Lieiits. McElroy and 
"brn in reserve. 

.\bout noon on the 2!ith. the two batteries in reserve having halted near the 
■■^'.i-'e of Gainesville on the Wanenton and rentreville turnpike, were ordered 
: n :■.;.! l)y Cen. I.(ing>(rcit, to cugai^e tiie enemy then in our front, and near 
■'■'■ villu^'ii ot Grovetou. Captains .Miller and ciiiuires at once proceeded to the 

i I / ,; K . : ' I i > i H 

120 A SoIiUors Stonj of the War. 

position ia.iicateu by tlie Ct-ticral. an.l opfnoil Hrc upon the °neiny'= batteries. 
Imni;:ili-.Ufh- iu Captiiiu Milltf's IrontliL- ili; ovcied ;i battery of llie enemy, dis- 
tant tiljout twelve linndred y.iui--. lieyoiid 1 1, is b^ittery. and on a more elevated 
position, 'n-ere posted tlie enemy's riHe Ij.U fries. He opened \ipon the Imtteiy 
nearest him. and after a spirited eugasreiiient of three quarters of an hour, 
completely silenced it and eonipelled il to leavu the field. He then turned his 
attention to the enemy's riilc bi'.tieries, and eui.'rtf;ed tijem nntil having exhausted 
his ammunition he retired Irom the field. 

Capt. ?iiuires, on reaehinj his position on the left of Cant. Miller's battery, 
at once opened with bis n.suiil acenraoy upon the enemy's batteries. Unfortu- 
nately, after the tir^t fire, oiu- c; liis lTiiii,- linip.LC heeome disabled by the blow- 
ing out of the bushing o! Uu v ■ n:, mh - : • : -m the field. 

Captain Squires then i M > mu of his battery under com- 

mand of Lieut. Owen. a,. : , • . : ■ . ,!,>ce additional guns (that had 

been sent forward to hi j -..-i-;. i , :n ;-.. .: m: .\t this time tlie enemy's infan- 
try were engaged hy the fiin-ts on tlie left ot the position occupied by our bat- 
teries, and. while the enemy retreated in confusion before the charge of our 
veterans, the section under Lieut. Uwcq pour«d a destructive hro into their 
afl'righted rank.?. V 

Stores were seen to fall, until finally the once beautiful line melted confusedly 
into the woods. 

Tfie enemy's artillery havhi'; withdrawn feyoud our range, the section w-as 
ordered ft om the field. I'-' 'i. ' : ■i-. -, '; ■ !; ; :ind third, in this action, fully 
maintained their well-e..'' ■ ; .. ) : ;:! practice and gallant beha- 

vior. 'With' Ibis duel eiP ' ;l 'eft of our Itue for the day. 

The next moruiiig. ;:;-'i;i -; - . li,. - ■ ■■ . fnipany of Captain J. !!. Rich- 
ardson was ordered forwavl in'tn its jiu^itiou 0:1 the -Manassas Gap railroad, to 
join its bii^ade (Toombs j then moving forward towards the enemy. Captain 
Richardson pushed forward until, arriving near the China House, he was in- 
formed that oiir infantry had charged and taken a battery near that position, 
but, owing to heavy reinforcemi nts thrown forward by the enemy, were unable 
to hold it without the asfi-tance of artillery. He immediately took position on 
the left of the Chinn Hou-^e and opened on the enemy, who were advancing 
rapidly, in large numbers. .Mti-r fuing a short time, be moved his iiattery for- 
ward about four hundred yards, and succeeded in holding the captured battery 
of four Napoleons, f'oroing the enemy back, and compelling a battery immedi- 
ately in his front, and which was annoying our infantry greatly, to retire. He 
theii turned the captured guns upon their late owners, and at night brought 
them from the field with their horses and harness. 

Ca]it.sin Richardson, m his report, makes special mention for gallantry of 
privates .J. H. Cleveland and W. W. Davis, who were the first to reach the cfl|i- 
tnred battery, and with the assistance of some infantry, fired nearly twenty-five 
rounds before being relieved by their comrades. Jjieutenant Ilawes bad his 
|. horse shot iitider him (luringthis battle. While Richardson, with tiie second, 

f was doing such gallant services near Chinn House, Eshleman, with the fourth, 

f with his short range guns, was doing good work in the same neighborhood, 

r l-'oUowing his brigade. (I'icketts) he shelled the woods in their front, while 

[ they advanced in line of b.ittle ag.iinst the enemy, who^e sk:ri;nf!i- rs w '.re seen 

t on the edge of the wooc. Finding il would be iniprai t. , ;.: 1, uw the 

f brigade, owing to the broken nature of the ground, he c • ;u the 

i right and front, going into battery and tiring from every I !• 11 from 

I General .Jones' position, (overlooking nearlv tin- whole space 1:1 tr-ii; . f i'hinn 

f House) from which his shells tell into the ranks of the eneniv with ^jnai e.X' cu- 

t- tion. A persistent attack on the front at'id Hank drov.- the enciii-,- b .ck into the 

f woods, and now the immetise cloud? of dust rising from Centre; il! ■ road iiidi- 

i wited that he was iu full relreit. Uc was directed bv Gcucrj.! D. K. Jones to 

A Soldier's Story of the War. ' 221 

ni.'vc forward and shell the wood and road, wliich he conlinued to do until 
(lu-ccti-a by Gen. J. E. B. Stuarl to send a st-ution of his battery to the hill, ia 
irout of Ibe Conrad House, and to tire into a column of cavalry a.lvancin^^ in 
liis roar. The 3ectio:i under Lieut. Norcon: was detached, took ijositioii on iliu 
left of the Conrad House, and tired into the enemy until directed to ctase liy 
Oen. Stuart, his object having licen ai;coin[)lished. 

The remaining section of the battery, under Lieut. Battles, was then ordered 
hy Captain Kihleman across the 5>udloy road, fir ng as it advanced, into the 
ri'lrcating enemy. At this time, Captain Eshleiuitn's only support was one com- 
panv of sixty men of Gen. Jack-ious sliarpshouters, under Cupt. Lee. 

Alter a -iliort iutena!, the i uemy a^'ain apjieareil in force near the edge of t!io 
wood. Capl. E. immediately changed his front to the left, and poured into the 
i.ieniy's rauks two rounds of canister, wi'.h deadly etfect. Those not killed or 
wuuuded ran in disorder. After throwing a few shells into the woods, Ca[.lain 
K. retired about two hundred yards to tlie rear, being unwilling to risk his sec- 
tion with such meagre support. In a few minutes an order was brought from 
Gen. ijtuait directing the section to be brought again to the vicinity of the 
Conrad House, 

[i was now dark, and Capt. E. kept up from this last position, a moderate fire 
ifilil nine o'clock, in the direction of the CcntreviUe road, when he was directed 
to retire, with Lieut. Norcoiu's section, that hud joined him on the fieid, and 
rest his men. Capt. E., in his report, applauds highly the conduct of hi.s 
officers, non-commissioned officers and men, to whose coolness and judgment he 
was indebted for the rapid evolutions of his battery and precision ot his fire. 

The ne.-it day. August ill, If-t;2, Lieut. Owen, with two guns of the first Com- 
pany, accomjianied Gen. Stuart, commanding Cavalry in pursuit of the enemy 
to and beyond Geruiauiown. They came up with the enemy at several points, 
driving him ahead of them and capturing five hundred prisoners. 

Capt. Squires on the same day, with one gun accompanied Col. Rosser, to 
Manassas, going in rear of the enemy, capturing a large amonut of stores, 
(Quartermasters and LSurgical) ambulauces, horses, etc. 

-My casualties in this battle were one killed,jPrivate, H. X, White, of second 
Company, and nine wounded. 

Thus ended the operations of this batallion in this great second battle of 
Manassas, fought almost on the same ground and in sight of the field where our 
guiis first pealed forth a little more than a year before. 

I have the satisfaction in conclusion, to .=-ay that all the officers and men gave 
in this important battle renewed evidence of Iheir devotion, judgment and cool 
bravery, in most trying positions. No eulogy of mine can add to the reputation 
they so worthilv enjoy, earned upon hloody battle fieUfs. 

I am under obligations to Lieut. \V. M. Owtu, my always devoted and hrave 
Ailjutaiit, for distinguished services under fire. Ihave the honor to be your 

' ^ ■ - ' ' J ^ WALTOX, 

Col. 0,mmjml,n.;. 

rion. Lonp.<tiv(^t, in his ofticial report, tlopcribes tlio 
fxcitement of battle as iriviiip- new life to the men — says 
that tlie Was;luii>;ton Artillery wa.-- placed midway between 
.'arkson and hi< line, "and eng-aiied the enein}' for several 
liours in a .^^evere and sucoespt'ul artillerv duel."' 

122 A Soldier's Story of the War. 


THE .MAlIVLANn (.'A.-virAlGX. 

To go a. little more into detail, the turning point, on 

. the 2'Jthof August, of the battle on Jackson's Hank was 

brought about by a heavy attack of Kearney upon that 

portion of the line, about (3 o'clock in the afternoon. For 

a while it was successful enough to double up Jackson's left 

upon his centre. Though the troops had been exhausted 

by many days previous lighting, by one attack after 

anotiier during seven hours of struggle, and had hardly 

' a round of ammunition, "Yet," says General Early in 

his report, '-'My brigade and the Eiglrth Louisiana 

advanced upon the enemy through a field, and drove him 

from the woods and out of the railroad cut, crossing the 

latter and following in pursuit several hundred yards 

; bejond." 

■ The lines of the two armies, however, were but little 

' affected on the ?.(ith hy the battle of the 20th, but the 

K fight of the last day was renewed by Pope under the 

I absurd error that Lee was seeking to escape. McDowell 

j" was ordered to " press the enemy vigoronsly the whole 

;. day." Lut once th.e pres-ing process v,-as coiunionced, it 

[ was very ([uickly shown what the supposed retreat 

1. amounted to. 

[ • "Line after line," says Swinton, '" was swept awav by 

:■ the enemy's artilleiy and infantry lire ; and ,-o destruc- 

j five was its elfect tliat Porter's troops finally were com- 

pelled to withdraw. Porter's attack had been directed 
t- against Jackson; but Lcmgstreet, on Jaclcson's right, 

|J. found a commanding poijit of ground, wiience lie could 

f rake the assaulting columns with an enfilading fire of 

Artillery." ''From an ennnunce near by," says Gen. 

i4- r. ni..ii.j Un>: v.r-i 


/( Soldier's Slorii of the War. 

l-oiig..tveet, '■•one pin-tion of the eneiaj's masses, attiicking- 
Cc-u. Jackson, \vere in easy range of batteries in that 
I>nsition. It ga\e me an advaiita-e 1 had not expected to 
liave, and 1 made haste to use it. Two batteries were 
ordered fur the purpose, and one ph'iced in position iuime- 
( uiately and opened. 

I " Just as this fnv l^egan, I received a message from the 

I ronimanding (leneral intbrming lue of Gen!' Jackson's 

I condition and his wants. As it was evident that the 

I attack against Gen. Jackson could not be continued ten 

• 4 ininules under the fire of these batteries, I made no move- 

l "''•"'■^ ^^^"; '"y t'"<'P?- I^v!;>i-o the second battery could 

H !«■ jilaced lu p(wlfion. tlie enemy began to retire," aud in 

■I less than ten minates the ranks were broken, and that 

if 1"^''^'*^'^' 0^' 1"« 'inny ].ut to f\]^^freer. Rpport. 

p , ^''""^^'"'1 Journal : We silenced the enemv's guns at 

J. '> !(lr ^f., and broke up a line of advancing infa'ntry. The 

"t. 1" '^"t"^^^ ^^a^ splendid— our batteries in time oc'cupvin- 

I th,' . ,. and held pre^•ir„i^ly during the day by the enem^^ 

I C'i n Jack-on who served in the Mexican war with great 

j di^tm.'tiMn a- an artilh-ry officer, remarked wiiile standing 

I III ,1 r,,,n^ tiMct: "General, vour artillery is superior to 

I inuH. 

• 'i'he head of Lougstreet's column having come upon 
the li( Id, in the roar of the enemy s left, found the battle 
;'li'--ady opened with artillery on Jackson's right. Lon-- 
>in.,.t immediately [,laced some of his batteries in positioir; 
''>'t hefore he could complete his dispositions to attack, the 
'''i''i'iy withdrew; n^t however without loss from our 
■^ii-tillery. The enemy now changed his position— Col. 
\\idtou ],laced a part of his artillery upon a conunau.linu- 
l'"-~'tion betwee-n Jack.<on and Longstreet, bv order of the 

(:.,''l : '■■ 'Jl 

„; 1.^ ,... . 1. ■... ■/■ ,' 

,1 .I'.rH- .. ! 

"^--^ A Soldier's Story of the War. 

latter, and engaged the enemy vigorously for several 
Lours." — Gen. Lce.s lirjxrrf. 

Gen. Warren, one of the best of Pope's Generals, '-held 
on stoutly against fearful loss, till the enemy had advance 'd 
so close as to fire in the very faces of his men." 

The i-est of the day's work consisted of an advance and 
pursuit by Lee — the remainder of Pope's army being; 
saved by the resistance of a body of Ptegulars who held 
the Ileniy House Hill till Pope could cross his men in 
the darkness to the further side of Bull Run. The dis- 
ordered masses of tlie Federal army ])resented the same 
scene tha t they did at the sama river the year before ; 
and the victory was just as complete— Lee oapturing£)DOO 
prisoners', 30 jjieces of artillery, and 20,000 stand of arms, 
besides putting 40,000 of Pope's army liors iJu combat. 
This victory however was like the hrst in a still more 
importiint respect— it was no more decisive than any 
tiiat preceded it, and the fighting and marching had to Ijc 
eommeiK'cd oii the morrow the same as if notiiing had 
vet been done.'='' 

'Report of C\'lon 

d Stafford cn,:,n 

indivn Sffond Louis:,!,,. 


'ff,i'.le, of the B,Ut 


.S,-co,„l M„.;a.s.^.,,. 

"Thu r.r 


. consist' 

njrof the first, second, rant! 

, t( 

itli, fifteenth, ar 

d Cop- 

...:nS- lKlt:l. 




ntecr?, re[>o;li-d ni .;, 


rdonsville. on or about 

the ll'tli Ai 


, 1S.;2, a 

xd wa 

assigned to dm V in tl 

e d 

\ i.^ion of Major 


T. J. Jacks 


Beinn- the seniL 

r Colonel in the Hrlrj, 


the comnnand d 


upon me. 

1 ha 

J conTma 

d but 

one week, «-Iien Bri-adie 

r Genera! W. E. 


rejiorted fo 


y and toe 


niand. SliorMy aftei 


n. Starke's arr 

va! we 

took up til 

e line cf 

ch an 

1 cominiied it until u 

e r 

ached the font 

on' the 



near lir 

ndv Station, on or ahout 


L'Ut August, a 


period ne 1 



IV stri 

nr;Iv pasted on the op 


to bank. On th 

ug of the : 

L'd \ 

e i-csuiik; 

a tip; 

march, and cro.^scd th 

e 11 

ippahaiuiock at 


Mill, onH^i/ 

cl fo 

ri: on ' ,i, 

■ d throu>;li Thoro 

are Gap on then 

of tlie 2Ttli 


1 lv:P . 

1 lie same day. That 

ni:,'ht we fell ba 

ck. and 

took poiiti. 

n lit 

ar • ii :■ 

.!:.d Oroveloli. 

1 ll 

eafli-rnoon of the 28lli, 

the L-iiemv 


-arui- !ii 


V,.- turmed our Unco 


tile on the cres 

of the 

hill overluo 



n, an 

1 awaited his attack. 


e battle comme 

iced at 

five o'clock 

P. M. and las 

ted n 

itil nine o'clock, i: M. 


nlting in the re 


the enoiiiv, 



the 1. 

iltle ground. In the 


a-ement, the B ci. 


iidi.i- th 

? div 

sion, receivintr a .hi\ 

woniid, the cr 


cJevoIved ii 


'.I1-. Gen 

Starke, and the coinmand c 


c brigade f-.dl u 

on nie. 

Ou tip; iiKH 


ol the -2 

th be 

ng in rcserre, \vc were not thrown Ibrwa 

d until 

■i- , I 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

Tlio marches of .Tack.^on and Loiig.street aflbrded during 

tli's Aveek a good idea of what soldiering was. It Avas 

hard work with all, hut witli the f.ouiisiana troops under 

Jackson, it was 35 rnilcs forced marching, for two days, 

>: from the Happahannoclv to Manassas, rounded off with a 

f light and railroad hnrning, two or three fights the day 

* after, and the same work continued for ten days — all of 

the time with almost certain destruction awaiting the 

^ corps. 

;| It deserves also to he stated — with man} memhers 

of the A^'ashingtou Artillery, as soon as it was discovered 
that there was no immediate demand ibr their guns — from 
having exhausted their ammunition or other caiise, that 
they Avent into the action Avith other battei-ies. and 
that their services Avere gladly received. At the second 
Manassas, some of the men AA-ere in action at three different 
points, and Avith three difleront batteries during the same 

One of the horrors of such a system of ten days fighting, 
may be cited in Aviiat the troops sufiered in the battles just 
alluded to. 

They were all day exposed to a broiling sun, and to 

ahoiit twelve oc.lock, at which time we veceiveri an order to cliirw;. Driving 
the enemj- before us, we again Cci) buck to our iiositiou. remai»iug"in it during 
the night. On the luornirig- of the SOth, Brig. lien. Starlce ordered me to send 
li'ilf ol one of my regiments forw.ud, and occupy the Road ut cas a point 
o! ohserviUion, to be held at all l^izards. About eight oxlock in the morninfr. 
the enemy commenced lhro« ing forward large bodies of skirmisher.--, into tl^e 
Woods on our lelt, who quiclcly furiued tlienisclves into regiments, and moved 
lorward by brigade to the attack, and massing a large body of troops at this 
I'liiut, with the evident design of forcing us troni our po.-itiou. They made 
repeated charges on us while in tliis i.ositiou; but hut were compelled to retire 
in cunlusion, susiaiuiug heavy loss and gaining nothing. It was at this point 
Ijiat the ammunition gave our, t!i. i: •; ii: , :,:, ! . ;,, rnm ll,c ,l,:,vl I.oiIl.s nf 
'.r.rco;«n;^i'.ja, but the supply wa> II ■: •,, :i!..-ence of aniniuiiilion, 

ti.e men foii.jltt uith rocks und h „n- retreated, nud we 

pressed forward to the turnpike r,., : li.i.s :. ; , , , .Mmd for the uiglit. On 
the.Ust. ->ve took up the line ot in:ir.l,, ami u„ il,v l,,t of September at Chantillv, 
Ve .igaui met tiie enemy aud rcpuUeJ them. 




A Soldier's St or II of fnc War. 

great f^uircriug from a-ivcity of v.atcr. Addcl to tills 
Avas tlie ghastly sigla of the mm in tlie previous 
day's hglits, and, what was worse to a soldier, the intoler- 
able stmk emanating from 10,011(1 Moated and festerin- 
corpses. ^ 

On or,r march to the rescue of Jackson from Thorough- 
fare Ga]., the men drank' Irom stagnant pools, and tlfeir 
siifferiiigs wore so great, that Gen. Leo Avas heard toinrpiire 
of some of hisoflicers, if there M-ei'e no road? by ^vhich to 
save his poor soldiers in their forced marches, from so 
much dust and heat. 

As sliov.-iug what the slaughter of such a battle iield is. 
I may mention that being detailed as a driver, wlien our 
artillery moved across the field, it was found 'impossible 
lor the drivers to prevent their wheels from passing over 
more than one prostrate corpse, particularlv over'^those 
oi the red legged Zouaves, nearly annihilated on this 
field, by the Texas Brigade. It was just such a scene 
as the old pictures in republican Geographies used to 
represent of the carriage of the Emperors of Austria or 
of Russia, passing over the cripples and beggars who stood 
1)1 the -way. 

Anion- other singularities of the First .Alanassas, was 
the tact that both armies ^vere preparin- to attack on 
their right at the same time. As the storm burst first 
upon the Confederate left tlank, the consequence ^^•as that 
the battle was gained by the TOOQ Contederate tioops who 
could be brought to that wing— by their almost incredible 
f^tand against five times their superio.v force. In the 
Second Manassas, a year after, the two armies as if b}' 
mutual agreement harl chai.ged to epi.osite si.les as if to 
decide whether the lirst had been won owinu' to some 
advantage m the facings or the ground. In the iirst. the 

A Soldier''; Story of the War. 

I hottest portion of the fiyht had been around the house of 

I Mi-j;. McJIemy, who was tliere killed and buried. In the 

I lullowing yvav, two soldiers were found stretched over her 

I ^irave — as if to show that they had fought over some Eelle 

I iloleue, or rather over an old woman's quarrel, and by 

I some sort of retribution, after marching alwav-s in oppo- 

I sitiou over and around Virginia, had fnially come back })v 

I a p'.etic coincidence, to die lace to face over tlie grave of 

I I be Hrst innocent victim of the war. 

I Practically stated, the Second Manassas may be defined 

I as the cuhninatiug effort of Pope to capture Jackson, who 

I '" tbe nionicni his prej- v;as complotely in the toils, 

I removed himself his men frc>m the entrance to the trap, 

I and allowed Lee to come through Tboroughfare G0.p^-= to 

I Ins assistance. The blunder here made, of which every 

battle aflbrds instances on one side or the other, culminated 
in Pope trying to flank the right wing of Jackson, and 
never being able to find the end of it, for "the reason that 
Lee and LongsLreet had in the very nick of time been added 
on to it. Failing in capturing .Tackson, liis last blunder VN-as 
bis attempted pursuit of Lre. 

^ *Tbe following is from the IJ<i/fillion Journnl. Auj. 2ntli : A little after the 
Texas and Georeia ririjrades had tiikon possessioo of'tbe co«- paths of f5ull Rnn 
• li'untain?, and dn>-cii ihe enemy thcretVom. a squadron ot horse eiuert'ed as wo 
advanced, from the woods on our left, and caused a halt, and a momentary doubt 
W'.* entertained a= to whether it was Iriend or loe : but soon the red banner with 
'lie blue cross was discerned through a shiss, and a horseman with tlowiuij heard, 
(«ho turned out 10 be Geu. Beverly Robinson) advanced rapid! v. - What Sf Ja.-k-, ■ said Lee. -'He has fallen back and is holding the eremv at .Sndley's Mill-.'' 
-Let us press on to his assistance,"; and the boomin? of.Taclcson's <rans 
I'lld us that we would be none too soon: we went on tlie battlelield of the':';ttli 
"u the right tiauk of Jackson, at n::50— six hours before Pope or I'orter kn«\y 
lliat U-e's army was present; the 3d Company being the first to be ordered in. 
If 1 ope who had tlie superiority of men had held the f^a:i, and kept bis troops 
■ on the road therefrom, everything else being equal, he ought to have succeeded 
I'l crashing Jackson. 

A Soldier's Storn of the War. 

SKCOSIJ MANASSAS, 20T1I litvn of AFGUST, isui. 

Mo//«>iV./,-— Third Comjuiry, Sergeunt AV. A. Collins. Private, E. Chapians, 
Driver, Jrtnu'S mooin. 


A',7/n^-— Piivate, flenrr X. V.'liite. trcwi-Zet/.-— Privates, A. 11. Blakclv. 

]roi/n*(/.-— Privates, .Jos. ^V. Lpscene, E. !^:. flurke, Driver, Da,Ti^ Xolan. 
Uatalliou Ijorses killed in the tliree battles -U. 

Mcamvhile, the head of the column was again to the 
front — Jackson once more creeping around and behind 
Pope witli a dravv-n sword, or rather fixed bayonet, and 
appearing, for many a Federal regiment and divisioj\ pvo- 
deslined to Hader^, as the executioner of the Fates — little 
occupied as to what particular body of men to smite firt-t. 
Marching north by Gerinantown, he struck the eriem_\ at 
Chantilly, during a tremendous thunder storm, and the 
roar of the elements and the fall of the rain on that 
chill}- afternoon so great that the men coidd searcelv 
handle their guns, nor could the armies, tliree niilcs di^- 
tau t, distinguish the booming of the cannon. I'lie number 
of killed and Avounded was consiiierable upon Ijoih side.^ 
(among other dead was Gen. Kearney.--^ of the United 
States Army, whose body Avas brought into our lines;) 
but the move otherwise bore no fruit, Pope retiring with- 
out iurtlier struggle within the lines about AVashington. 

Shortly after our army moved towards tlie Potomac, 
for which event -we had been dreaming ever since the 
first Manassas. 

On the oel of Scptemlier we riiarched with three davs 
rations and bivnuacked at Dranesville. with the whole 

!R>I of a re-enfor 
-Ol, ar.vwl.ere !' 
l-n- alung the wh 

..,,■, I . : I. ■■::! to 

,(i, ,■.).;■.:•; "In !," ;,•: . (» 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 


army. The orrler was ghcn on tlie followiiij;- clay for 
Jackson to crosri the PotoinaC; and the word was, "On to 

On the 5th we inarched through Leesburg and bivouacked 
in a half a mile of the Potomac, Avhich stream was next 
morning crossed. 

As full of hope as the soldiers of Hannibal going over 
the Alp.s — many of whose battles, by the way, those of 
Lee and Jackson resembled — the men splashed through 
the water, too happy to be moving forward to trouble 
tliemselves about wet clothing. The careful artillerists 
who were by the side of their pieces, mounted the cais- 
sons — the laggards behind shouted frantically foi- a little 
delay, and in vain attenqited to obviate a wet skin by 
extra speed. 

It was with a deep heaving of the chest and expansion 
of the lungs with us all that we stood at last upon the 
Maryland shore, and thought of tiie battle fields behind 
and before. At all of the farm houses near the river the 
people appeared hospitable and reb down to their boots, 
:iud crazy to see Lee. Adjutant Owen broiight back a 
string of ladies, who overwhelmed the old man with 
kisses and welcomes. 

On the following day we crossed the Monocosy and 
camped near Frederick City. Jackson's troops had pretty 
much swept the town; but the troops were paid in Mar\-- 
land, and grocers were found with sufficient sympathy to 
take Confederate money in return for a variety of eata- 
bles and drinkables. Our supplies were reiilenished and 
(bat night there was a Sardanapalan feast, on a limited 

'ale. which eHectually banished the memory of 
larches (however it might have been with head;i 
loni every couch that ni'^ht. 

A Soldier's Storij of the War. 

Oar marches li'd u.s tlirough Frederick City, Hagerstowii, 
and Looiisboro. Bat little opportunity was afforded i:s 
for seeing the country, as liintl fighting was evidently 
before us in the not remote perspective, and it was neces- 
sary that the men should stand close to their guns; besides 
we were in Maryland only two Avecks. An advance after 
the First Manassas, (which there can be no question woidd 
have been made, if Gen. Lee had been in command) would 
have carried Maryland to the cause of the Confederacy, 
but it was no^v too late. Her refined population could 
only see as the result of long soldiering, rags and filth, 
and barefooted ^^oldiers (totall}' indifferent or indisposed 
to the bright muskets.) and so the sentiment of " My 
Maryland" evaporated in poetry and paper. 'J'hc number 
of recruits (300) did not begin to compensate for tlio heavy 
drain upon Lee's Eegiments from forced marching; which 
cut the number of his men do\ni one-half, and so there 
wa.-; to be no interest of any prai-tical value ielt in us — 
and but little enthusiasm; that is with a few very noble 
exceptions. One of these I now remember, was that of a 
kind-hearted woman ^ho offered one of our weary soldiers 
some fruit. Befure she had ended in making this good 
natured evidence of friendsliip, a mob of her own sex 
invaded her house and overwhelmed her with every 
reproach. The intelligent soldier whom she tried to bene- 
fit, seeing how the land lay, pretended to have taken the 
fruit without asking, and liastened to relieve his well- 
wisher of what must have been at the time embarrassing 

'J"o a soldier, whose pleasures hke that of the clergv. 
are almost limited to eating and drinking, a rare oppor- 
tunity of this sort was viewed by our Generals with an 
induluent eve. and the men were allowed to foruet. lor at 

jir-v ..;li 

, ■: . .,It , ■• :),•„'. 

.: ,\, .n:, !!:■■■ •: ii 1- ^ii.nM 

ii,: , •. ,' i':>(ii -nit Ijiii -■' '•' lie J'lil/i'i 

A Soldiers Story of the li^ar. 131 

I least one Llay, -\veariKonie marclies. wiitchos and iirivatiuu.*, 

I aiul tlic bloudy trajii'dics uliicli were looruiiiLi- up in the 

I Ihtiiiv. 

I Dui'in-- the .-hurt iiine that \vc ^\(.■lv camped about the 

:| t.iwns (jf Man-hand, the .vtivets uciv lull of soldiers, iiot, 

f to say the drinking sah^ons. whi(di fVoiu time to time woukl 

I niy.-<toi-iously open and shut, though contrary to orders, 

I and the jiughng of .spui's, sabres and glasses, and the faint 

aroma of tempting drinks, -woidd be borne to the senses of 
the envious Ujokers on, comj)elled to n'niain upon the out- 
y: fside. A liotcl of limited aeeommodations was tbe great 

]ioiut of attraetion. The guests, hoNsever, had otdy Con- 
federate money, and tiie uni^atriotie landlord (though he 
allected the very reverse) was unwilling to aeeej/t this 
currciuy in ]->nymeiit. Ijesides, he was complelely over- 
shuighed liy the number of his guests, whose ap])etites 
more than corresponded to the contents of his larder. A 
Jiarty of our men went ihere one ihiy, fully determined to 
eat a square meal before going into another fight ; but it 
soon hecamo evident that if they did so, it would be with- 
out an^ assistance from oin- host, who aifeeted the greatest 
pleasui'e in our company, but frankly told us that two 
hundred other guests stood a much better chance. 

He however, did m)l liesitate to sell us our diinier 
tiekets, wliile good naturedly laughing and telling us at 
the same timt- that thei'e was noclian<',e. 

Once piovided with these docnnnents, there was only 
need tor watchfulues.s and attention — the entrance of the 
select crowd lielbrehaiul. meaning of i!o dinner for 
the balance of us. 'J'he danger wa.-; guarded against by 
dividing ourselves up into corps of observation, and keep- 
ing a blight look out, especi;.illy in the neighborhood of 
Ihe kitchen. 

II f;' 'tii. 

I.J ■>\' 

J32 A Soldiers Story of the War. 

Our vigilance met witii its reward. We found out the 
precise moment for action— through tlie friendship of a 
French c//^;/'or waiter we discovered the secret entrance 
reserved for the favored few, and better tlian all the 
watchword that would permit us to pass the closelv 
guarded door. To the infinite astonishment of our land- 
lord, the soldiers of the Louisiana regiments went in with 
the first move, and some of their acquaintances among 
the officers and generals were indebted to our ^timelv 
di.^^covery to getting anything to eat at all. 

I hoA-e always thought that the two hundred guests 
assembled that day, did the heaviest knife and fork work 
e\er performed in that hotel, or indeed in the whole Shite. 

In the careless meetings which took place between tln' 
higher officers on such occasions, and the soldiers whom 
they had previously known, the conduct of the former w;is 
always manly and good-natured, and an evident disposition 
was shown to forget their rankj whether it was at a way 
side dinner, or when a train of provisions or army clothing 
was struck, and every one with great glee, would rig him- 
self out to his fancy, or according to the length of his 
arms or legs would cast the unsuitable clothing to his next 
friend, or some of his men. Some of us in tlie midst of 
one such toilette, were with Gen. Gordon, the most 
gallant and dauntless oflicer in the Confederate Army, and 
almost as popular with the Louisiana Brigades as Jackson; 
and a sudden alarm came ver\- near causing him to lead 
his men into action, minus both his old costunie and his 

On one such occasion. Gen. Jackson had succeeded i:. 
getting hold of a rasher of bacon. One of his men wiio 
liad bread, (AYt'wd to divide;, with him. and the offer was 
acce[itcd. on condition that he received half of the Geue- 
ral's .-dice of meat. 

/ ■ U.V^l 

••;./ ;o fii.T n 

t(j .■n.ti\ 

. . '>('.: 




n! 1. 




1 .i'j. 



;ii:fi ' 




,M - .( ill. .' 

!>• /i- 1 '■! I 

A Soldier's Slorij of the War. 133 

It must be confessed that the fields of fruit and grain 
in our marches Northward,, were of invahiablc assistance 
to our army, as niaj,- be judged bv a remark which 1 
hoard a soldier make wlieu we afterwards invaded Penn- 
sylvania, that he could not understand how the move- 
ment at that time could succeed, as it was too late in the 
year for green apples or roasting ears, to live upon during 
the march. But in the Rappahannock and Maryland Cam- 
jiaign, the man who owned a frying pan, was possessed 
of no little intluenco, and various sorts of ilatterv were 
frequently resorted to, to gaintonporary possession of it. 
"With this, in a half an hour, and with the aid of a few 
sticks or splinters from rails, and a small cut of bacon, 
an impromptu meal could be hatched up whenever the 
line halted. The owner of so useful an article was 
allowed to assume a certain dignity and stylo, somewhat 
comparable to that of the chief officer of a regiment, 
so long as the corn remained tender; but as all human 
honor.s are fleeting, he was afterwards forced to yield to 
the messmate ^vho discovered a way of manufacturing a 
grater out of a canteen, and of thus mrddng out of an 
otherwise indigestible fond, a dish of first-class homing'. 



From that time until we had passed Boonsboro, we 
juurneyed on quietly enough through a delightful nioun- 
taui country, but fiiudly halted about midday, as it seemed 
to us, in oi'der to rest our horses. While we were quietly 
<l(jzing b\' the side of these, the faint sound of cannon was 

■ /•■'■•i:) ijis f I. II' 

I .: :l I 1 

r /. f i 

134. A Soldier's Story of the War. 

lieard, which gradually increasod in loudness, and it now 
hecanic evident that an attack by the enemy was being 
niade upon our rear column — upon the men who were 
holding, the passes; now, as it seemed, with much less 
success than we had at Thoroughfare Gap. We formed 
the impression without being able to learn much about 
the matter, that fortune had suddenly given tlie enemy 
the trump card; and that so far from advancing, that we 
would have to turn back. 

We subsequently learned that our success had been 
decided by an accident of the most trivial nature — by a 
scrap of paper, which falling in the mud and being left 
behind, had been picked up, after the Confederate uimy 
left Frederick city. The scrap contained the marching 
orders of Gen. Lee, and McClellan now knew the dis- 
position of all his corps. The most important information 
he in this way gained, was that Jackson had branched oft' 
to swoo)) down on a depot of supplies, and 12,000 Federal 
troojjs who had been left behind, in spite of all the rules 
of war, at Harper's Ferry, and that Lee's forces Avere 
divided in the enemy's country. 

By this time almost every .soldier had acquired suiH- 
cient experience to know what the heavy prolonged firing 
to the rear meant. We did not hear of tlie captured letter, 
or the precise cause ol' our check, until years afterwards, 
but our faculties were sulTiciently keen to couple the 
boomhig of the guns with the absence of Jackson, and to 
know wliat it meant. 

If at that juncture McClellan liad done what Jackson 
wiis doing, without any chance assistance from Ibrtune — 
had pressed forward his troops through the passes or over 
the moimtains, Gen. Lee's army would have been in a bad 
way. But instead, Lee held tlie Thermopyhv — time 

V ■'' 

<[ -,.' .'>, )i.i" '.V' ; b- 

■I' '.di ! ^ '.■ >A .hr.'r.u iuU .•<.<!>/ 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 135 


was lo?t in making a Avrong flanking: movoment by his 
enemies, and the few hours thus gained (at the cost of 
some desperate fighting by the small divisions left behind,) 
enabled Lee to regain the mastery of the situation. While 
the rear was holding its ground, Jackson, who conquered 
OS much by the legs of his troops as by their arms, was 

Meanwhile, our retreat towards tlio Potomac had com- 
menced a little after midnight — (on the loth,) and part of 
our duties was to guard the rear of the army, by taking 
positions upon every cominanding eininence, and prepar- 
ing for an attack until the remainder of the troops had 
filed by. This operation was kept up till mid-day, at 
which time Ase took position definitely at Sharpsburg. 

A little while after, ^vhile the men were cooking or 
sleeping, as we happened to be suffering most with hunger 
or lack of sleep, we were called to our guns and ordered 
to reply to some of the guns of position,^^ in which we Avere 
always excelled by the enem3\ It is needless to say that 
our firing was for the same object with which Lee had 
made an ostentatious display of his inf\xntry — with a view 
of deterring the enemy, and gaining tiiiae until the arrival 
of Jackson. The firing did not amount to much, ov rather 
was a sheer farce as Gen. Hill called it, and we were .'^oon 
permitted to go back and prepare for the serious work 
before us. McClellan meanwhile lost his opportunit}- by 
postponing his attack until the 17th, though his fire 
continued dining the loth, and the following day. 

"(Suns of position — viz . tliose of larfrc calibre :uifl lot!;: nin;^e. Tin: ciu'inv's 
plan of operations, as it was Willi tlic Russians in tlic Cr'imcan War, wliu liail 
conk^^scilly th,- ~:ui.o suporiority (,^ cr the i;nglisli usid Frcncl,, was to plant a num- 
her ot gnus upon some cou.nianding forts or hi!h, and then ojicn a convorKing 
lire, to whicli iVoin lack of sulTicient range and calibre, tlie Confedrrato .Vnnv 
cHihl nuilo no ade.iunte reply. As to what onr Artillery could do in a pitched 
h.uile, at .<harp..bu,- or elsewhere, even with budly madG guns and amuiuuitiou, 
III: of the reports are sutKcient evidence. 

il rf ; I ..!♦ vJ I. 

■■ .;: .. .:. ,, ■ f.' ■■ . : , •.-.Mi,:. ~ : , = :^-...n,. 

J.Jivil 'll(\\"M • i'j i.jt •■l.iM, flit); y!i-:(! .;l .: i-MUirr' .-j 

oiil cJi* i(i:uui(J ,'<T! 0,1 L'.iiii rinjtr, v ,. v,,,i|.,:M:-."if 

136 A Soldici-'s Story of the War. 

Our line was about a mile from Sharpsburg. then under- 
going slioliing, ami tlunigli a battle Avas obviousl}" to be 
fought on the 17th, we were willing to visit the town 
in order to add to the scanty rations of camp. Soldiers 
being naturally of an indolent tin^n, it was easier to (hid 
volunteers who would encounter tlie danger, than those 
who were ready about Itringing water, cooking, borro'iving 
and Avashing our limited number of cooking utensils. 
Those who went into Sharpsburg, found much difficulty 
in coming across a store-keeper, sufficiently daring to do 
business under the circumstances, and only threats of 
helping ourselves, induced trnders to return and receive 
our greenljacks. 

Most of us wanted sugar, coffiee, and similar sup))lies ; 

but there -was more than the average number, who hang 

around corner-groceries, read}* to stand an unlimited 

quantity of >helling, provided they could thereby gratify 

what most soldiers acquire, a craving Jbr liquor. But liy 

this time we had all of us became so indifferent to balls, 

that the men of the two armies when picketed in sight of 

each other, and ex[»osed to fire, would not only pay but 

little atten.tion to the sh(jts, but fre(piently be kind enough 

to point out to the enemy where their balls had gone to, 

and tell them to tire more to the right or left. 

I The duty of having the coffee now purchased ground at 

I an adjacent house, brought me in company with an elderly 

j\Iaryland lady, whoso nature seemed to have become as 

] .much absorbed in the Avar, as that of Flora Mclvor in the 

I hopes of the Scottish Pi-etcndt r. She sat softl}- singing 

before the lire as I entered, rocking herself to and i'ro \m 

' her chair, and apparently heedless of the shells Avhich Avere 

passing over her house. V.^heu she ceased, itAvould be to 

launch out in fond praises of her son, whcim she thought 

-r ;1..;.. V - ^ \^>: >' 

J, U-?in..!-i"" 'tr ■ //Mf, -.,1 
.!■•.,: !., iir ■ . ■ nu: (U 

llC'l !•; J":' <i-.iii.«.» 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 13 7 

ihc bravest niau in StonouallV^ i'-i'niy, and whose death 
Aw apparently rejiarded as ccilain — something to whicli 
she had long since made up her nund. While having a 
l(ii)k of fixed despair and resignation at his probable fate, 
she never seemed to admit to herself that this only son 
and relative could be any where but in a soldier's place. 
No entreaties could induce her to accept any of the cotiee, 
though she was evidently much atfected by the smell, and 
if slie had possessed any would have probably sent it off 
to her son. 

The intensity of tlie devotion of this poor woman, was 
painfully brought to mind the next day, by tlie fate of a 
soldier who was killed before the battle had laii-ly^ com- 
menced, and who from her description, might have been 
her son. This man was shot down right by the side of a 
surgeon, who was behind the crest of the hill to avoid the 
enemy's fire, and in the presence of a number of soldiers, 
this medical olTiocr refused to dress the man's wounds, or 
give him a chance for his life because he did not belong to 
his i^egiment. . Tlie old woman and the Doctor Avere pretty 
good types of the noble class upon one side, and tho.--e 
whose cowardly or selfish instincts were always coming to 
the surface. 

The principal battle of Sliarpsljurg, next to Gettysl)urg 
the hardest Ibught liattle of the war, occiu-red the next 
!: 'lay, Sept. 17th. 

The following taken froiu Cien. Early's, report of the 
l>attle of Sharp.--burg, will show how it fared with the 
I.ouisiaiui Infantry : 

■'About sunrise, tlic pnemy advanccil in I:': .>!,■:'„' '■•' <•'■' .'■ 'i '■'h r -w.A 

ailvancing to thceilpce vf tlie wooili. Abuiit i i : ., ■ : u, it 

Ir.Hii tilt wooils with sIiL-ll and canisttT, ni-i ■ : t-. n 

'■■■rrihlc tai-u;iffe. .-\rtt--r n sliort timu, Oeii, li:-, v/ n, , i ' . i',:,,-lr .: '.ilir 

■•aii> (111!. Lawton, had been i-uijoriiui-ndin-' the opevation, received a very 

im;1.,I .,.i,:..i:....l 

A Soldier'a Story of the War. 


n<'. nn. 



if from the 

il Gf 



-Ist Xorlh 


;a u 

on a pan o 




lis a hriijail 

ud ihl 




(alien ha 
His hvv' 

. Col. Walker by moving two of liis i 
iilina, and conc-ntratiiig their lire ;i 
: enemy's line in fronl of tlie latter, sii 
I'rcsli troops came up to tbe support 
. Walker ordered an advance; liiit t 
lie was compelled to halt, and finally 

fall back to his fir 

own horse was killed under him, and lie h- ; ■;;,! il"':..-'] ':, '.l.i .iiiii.i c-: iln^Ii. 
Col. Douglas, whose brisjade had been lu ' i i; : :; i.. u^is 

killed, and about hall tiie men been i., -, •■■ . i ; nd'' 

whieh had advauc.vj to Coi. Douglas' sin.;. . : ..i ;i:j,j ■. ■ '•. :,,iviuL,' 

more than half killed and wounded, (both Crii. Hays an.: - ; .)i.liii!~ 

and Oen. Hood havinj- lome up to their relief, tliesc thii-. ' ■ .. I; : were 

reduced to mere frairmeiits, their auiruunition being e\li, . ; ,: ; to the 

rear. The terrible iiaturt of the conilicl in wliich these tb;.„ ;..; ■_.,a.j.,.- IkuI betii 
cng-agod, and the steadiness with which tlicy niaintaine.;! Uitir position, is .= houi! 
by the losses they sustained. They did not retire from the field, until General 
I,av,-tu!) had been v.-our.d, and borne fr.jiii the field ; Ool. D.-.uglas, coinmarnliu!; 
Lawton',' \r\'^:' !■ :■ - i '.". : 'y.Wrji. and the brigade had sustained a loss of li..: 
liundi' ' :;' ' ■' ; ,md wounded out of eleven-hundred and tiitv, 

losiu;: li^ ,, - •■ ■ . . , nders out of six. Il^ys' brigade had sustained'ii 
loss of tiir-,... i;iii, : .: n ! ' V. ./iitv-three out of fire hundred and fifty, incUidii:..' 
every Ke.^imeraa! Con, in .inler. and all of his Staff; and Col. Walker and one ol' 
his Staff had been disabled, and the brijcade he was coniuutiidiug- had sustained 
n. loss of two-hundrtd and twenti-eight. out of less than sf-veu hundred pie- 
sent, including three out of four Re.t'iiiiental Commanders. I am sorry that i 
am not able to do justice to the individual cases of gallantry displayed in this 
terrible conflict. 

" I deem it proper to state that nil the killed and wounded of my own brigade 
were inside of my lines, as I established them after the fight, and that the kTlled 
and wounded of the enemy on this part of the field, were also within the s.iine 
lines. All my killed were buried, and all my wounded were carried to the hos- 
pital in the rear." 

One line of tlio enemy's innmlrv came so near ns, that 
wc C(!uld sec tlit'if Col(.)iiel on lR)j-.^eback waiving his men 
on, and then e^on tlie stri[ie.s on the Corporars arms. 
How it mado oiii- lilood daii'^t' nud nei-vo-^ quiver as Ave 
saw tlicir colors lioating steadily forward, and how he- 
roical!}- and raadly we toili.-d at and donblc-sliotted our 
guns. Our men vvorked that day desperately, alino.^t 
di'sptiiriiigly, beciiuse it looked for a time a.s if we could not 
stop the Ijlue wave from ctmiing forward, although we 
were tearing it to ]iieces with canister and. shell. Lon;;- 
street Avas on horseback at our siile, sitting side-saddle 
fashion, and oci.-asiomilly nniking s(>me jirai-tic.d reinark 
abnut thr situiUiun. Ilo ttilla'd farne^lly and gestieulated 
to eiieoura'^e us. as tiie men of the dcliiehments beu'aii to fall 

I ■! 

A Sohiiei-'s Story of the War. 

;-iroinid our gun.'=. and told ns he would have given us a 
lift if he liad not that day ci-ipphjd his hand. Eat crij*- 
pU'd or not, we noticed that he had strength enough left 
to carry his flask to his inoutli, as probably everybody else 
did on that terribly hot day, -who had any supplies tit 
coiiiniand, to bring to a carry. '^' 

Finally the blue, line disappeared from our front, and 
v,e managed to ho])ble ofi' Avith our pieces, though with 
the loss of a good many men, horses, and some wheels to 
our C'un carriages. Then we loaded our chests with 

'Gen. Longatreet j.iya in his report, that the enemy on. the lYth, renewed an 
■itiuck commerj<:ed the uif,'lit before on Hood's brigade— a handful compared 
wilh those before him. Hood fought desiierately until Jackson and Walker 
c;i!ue to his relief — the foi-nier soon moving' olf to tiank the enemy's right. The 
c:i. inv "noM" threw forward hi:- masses agiiinst rnv lefi: met bv Walker, two pieces 
of Cwptaiu Millfr's battery of the Washington Artillery, "and two of I'.irce's 
lilleiy. The enemy ^as driven back in some confusi.Mi ; an ell'ort was made to 
jiarsue, but our line was too weak. From this moment our centre was extremely 
v..jflk. The enemy's masses again moved forward, and Cook's regiment stood 
iv'ii.h i'm[iiy guns, moving his colors to sliow bis regiment was in position. Tlie 
artillery played upon the enemy with canister — their lines hesitated and after 
:ui hour and a half retired. 

■'Anotlier attack was quickly made a little to the right of the last, Cant. Miller 
turning his pieces upon these lines, and playing upon them with round shot 
(ovi-r the heads of R. H. Anderson's men) checked the advance, and .Anderson's 
division, with the artillery, held the enemy in check until night. Tliis atta.-k 
M-is fallowed by the final assault, about four o'clock \>. M., when the enemy 

■ I the bridge in front of Suarpsburg, and made his desperate attack upon 

■•. r!„lit. He drove back our right several times, and was himself made to 

'- ■ irvoral times— badly crippled; but his strong reinforcements finally 
' ■■ I iid him to drive in my right, and occupy this part of my ground. 

■' Thus advanced, the enemy's line was placed in such position as to enable Gen. 
Toombs to move his brigade'directly against their flank. Gen. Jones seized the 
"pportunity and threw Toombs against the enemy's Hank, drove him back and 
rvco'.ercd our lost ground. Two of the brigades of .Major Gen. .\. I'. Hill's 
'liviiion advanced against the enemy's front as Gen. Toombs made his Hank 
:'t!ack. The enemy took shelter behind a stone wall, and another line was, 
^'iv.mced to the crest uf a 1^:11 in supj ort of his first line. Capt. Richardson's, 
!:r„wn's, and M-o.;/- i.,-t r^ ^. v --•■ i.-::r,.,l hi p..,!:! .11 • . ulav upon the second 
'.«e. and Ik.i!; 1 •- .< , ■' . . . ■ -rries, 

••lleforc i- . .^ , ; ■ , . . a hadbecn threat- 

<::iin- our d. ■-;■'.>.;: .,, 1^. ;:...■:-,. i;« :::,.:/,,. , i,:v, , '. .r. . I feu- stragglers. 

'•In one month, thesi.' tMOps man h 'd over tuo luindn-d miles upon little 
"■■nre than lialf rations, and fouglit nine battles and skirmishes, killed, wounded 
■■■"I captured nearly as many men as we had in our ranks, besides taking arms 
-'■■■I 'iiher ammunition of in large quantities. " 

'••a. Toumlis in hi^ npoii, gives a very laudatory account of llichardion's 
■ -t'-iy of tlie Washinglon Artiilerv at Sh'arpsburg. 


hW A SoUirr's Sfonj of the War. 

ammunition, mul ivappcnroil ut two or tliree different points 
of the fray during the day. At one time about dusk, tlic 
hostile lines became so blended that no one could tell 
friend from foe, and we -were afraid of hriiig for fear ol 
doing harm to our friends. 

The folloA\"iiig is from Gen. Loe's report of the battle 
of Sharpsburg : 

'•Tlie advance of the enemy [on tlie IMIi,] was dplaycj by the brave opposi- 
tion he eucountered from Fitz Lee's cavalry. During the afternoon the baticriui 
were slightly engaged. 

'■ [On the 17th,] the firm front presented by the 2'(th N. C. standing boldly in 
line without a cartridge, and the well directed fire of the artillery under Capt. 
Jlillcrof the Wasi,iri-tou Artillery, and Capt. Bryce's S. C. Batt-ry, checked tin- 
progress of the enemy. Another attack was made soon afterwards, a little fur- 
ther tn the riijht. Imt n as repulsed by .Miller's guns of the Washington Artillery. 

"Our artilleiy tliouuli rnucli inferior to that of the eneray in the number of gui;i 
and weight of metal, rendered efticient and most gallant service throughout the 
day, and contributed greatly to the repuUc of the attacks upon every part of 
the line.'' 

We held our ground until darkness put an end to the 
fight : but the army had been hardly pressed, and wt' 
were not sorry when the night after, the order came fur 
the arm}' to recross the Potomac. 
I Now followed some of the most tiresome and fatiguing j - 

work it was ever the lot of an army to do — the getting f 

across the immense train of commissary wagons, needlcs.sly | 

and ])erilously large, as was .shown in the fact that it ? 

uhimatL-ly led to the capture of Lee'.s army itself, in the | 

ret re;) t to Appomattox Courthoiise. Some overloaded I 

wagon or letitherheaded mule dri\'er (the M. D."s as they 
were called.) was everlastingly blocking tlie road, until 
tlicse conveyances would be compelled by impatient 
cursing from behind, to vomit up their contents. To see 
the road strewed Avith heavy old trunks and u.-^eless 
phinder belonging to a favored few, was very exasper- 
ating, and at the same time much enjoyed by every one 
except the owners, e.-^pecially when ever}- one knew that 

A Soldier's Stoi-y of the War. 

tlic critical po>^ilio;\ of the army was cnibarraspod by an 
already loo long wagcn train. 

Tlie scene on the Marj-land side on the night of the 
crossing rivaled IJedhim. The Avagon train had to go 
down a very high and almost porpendicnlar hank, and' 
excej)t ibr tlie still greater danger from behind, was such 
a descent as no prudent wagoner would ever have 
attempted to make. Although it was as precipitous as 
the road to perdition, the teamsters had to make an elbow 
halfway down, at the innninent risk of an overturn — some 
of the vragons actually meeting with such a calamity. 
These were set fire to, partly for warmth, partly for tlie 
purpose of seeing; and these and the flaring torches Jield 
about by different hands, gave a- weird Rembrandt touch to 
the scene. Then there was a large number of officers and 
men who iiad come forward from behind, and v. ho had to 
stand around all niglit — the ground being too muddy to 
admit of seats. 

Some Avho were mounted went to sleep in tlioir saddles 
All of this time there would be a confused shouting 
among the wagoners, and the cry of " Pull around to the 
right and then swing to the lelt," was to )je heard with 
each descent. 

One of the men who was holding a torch, Avho shouted out 
this explanation, was almost ridden down by an angry Gen- 
eral who wanted to know who connnanded that regiment 
— himself or some one else. The General was afterwards 
just enough toride back and thank the soldier for saving his 
baggage. Tlien there were two batteries that approached 
the bank at the same moment, and who actually kept the 
army, worn down and in danger, as it was for some time, 
delay.d, liocause neitlior woukl yield the precedence to 
the oilier. One rash headstrong General took pos.session 



A Soldier's Story of the War. 

of tlie only ^\agon voacl, for his infiintrv men, -who could 
have got Jowii to the water's edge, any where elt^c, and 
when the instructions were that they shoukl cross at a 
ford a littk^ below. 

TJje .strangest feature of the whole afl'air, was the gro- 
tesque appearance of our array who had stripped oif most 
of their clothes, and who went shuddering and shivering 
in the cold water. Altogether, it was a torch-light pro- 
cession of the most fantastic sort. Some hints were 
throwii out to the brass band to .strike up a lively air as 
they marched through ; but the musicians were very 
little in the humor for joking that night. Indeed, this was 
the case with most of us. 

By dayligbt the next morning, we were all jnetty well 
stove uj) and fagged out, and most of us felt that Ave had 
our belly-full of fighting for some time to come. That 
campaign certainly added pretty largely to the army of 
straggler.';:, (one-half of Lee's army in Maryland, though 
there the men had been simply marched to death.) who 
never cared about getting nearer than the baggage wagons 
to the front. 

We marched through Bunkerhill to Winchester. Vir- 
ginia, wliere we stayed forty days (to Oct. 30th, 18G2.) 
The place must have been a delightful town, full of fine 
shade trees, tasteful gardens, old stone buildings, and with 
a very hospitable, going population. It came though. 
in course of time, with Jackson and Milroy always 
changing ownership, or with Lee marching through it, to 
have the hard, tarni.-hcd and jaded look which military 
quarters generally lia-\ e. Fair faces were more meditative 
in the second year, than sympathetic — and thought rather 
of the prol)ability of Idsing their .spoons, or the price of a 
square meal, than uvei' the pleasure inspired by soldiers' 

! . .t f 

A Soldier's Storij of the War. 

oonniliments. Tliere was one noble exception however, 
(tliough exception is not the word, as the residents were 
after all right) ; this was a lady who came near to being 
a heroine iu her way: nearer than any other whose name 
has yet been in print. I allude to ■Miss Josephine Carson, 
a lady of fine social position and many attractions, who 
merits mention on account of her devotion to the sick 
and \\oundcd, who had been sent back from Sharpsburg, 
and who deserved the reputation of having won the admi- 
ration and good-will of our soldiers as much as any lady 
whom we met in Virginia ; a reputation to which she was 
entitled, from her dignity of demeanor, and from a good 
nature and natural largeness of heart which interested 
her in every soldier who passed b}' her. 

The truth is, the same might be said of a very large 
number of Virginia women, who almost every one of them 
did an incredible number of kindnesses to soldiers. The 
soldiers from Louisiana were readj' to dispute the palm 
on the battle-field, with the troops from Virginia or any 
other State ; but we all of us became infatuated with the 
patience and devotion of the ladies of that State — as well 
as of those who claimed no pretensions to that title; and I 
never heard a'soldicr worthy of that name, speak in other 
than tones of the highest commendation of the mothers 
and daughters of that State. None of us ever met with 
any other reception from the women of the South, who 
were always our best friends, and who would ahVays realize 
and pity a soldier s misery a long time before it would occur 
to their male relali\es or friends, and Avho when thev did 
a kindness, did so in such a way as to moUily many proud 
spirits, who were unwilling to accept any evidences of 
good-will for doing only what they considered their duty. 

Let us now return, wiiile the suuliersand batterv horses 

•■1 r.i i. ■ I), 

'y, :-^ii"r: • i; 

,!l . ■ lU' 


..ll'^ll. . , ■ i 

146 A Soldier's Story of the War. 

of Geu. Lee's urniy arc }-esting, after the fatigues of their 
past battles and long marches, to New Orleans, and relate 
what has meanwhile transpired at the old Washington 
Artillery Armor}^ For the chapter which follows, this 
work is indebted to the pen of one of the ofTicers high 
in command of the Fifth Company. 



On the departure for the seat of war in Virginia, of the 
ilrst four companies of the Batallion, on the 2Tth of April, 
ISGl, the following order was promulgated by the Major 
Commanding, the last issued by him previous to mustering 
into the service of the Contederate States. 

Headvi'artkrs Catalliox Washington- Artu.lkrt, 1 
New Orleans, April, ISIU, / 

VII — 1st Lieut. W. I. Hodgson, of tbe 4tli Company, is hereby specially det:iiled 
to remain in New Orleans on recniitiiig service, and will forward from time to 
time, to the seat of war, sucli recruits as may be required, and hold himself 
subject to any further orders from those lieadiiuarters. 

Cv- order, J. B. WALTOM, 

"\Vm. il, OwjN, J.ljul,jnt. M.,J.,r Cunwmnd:„y. 

A reserve force of about twenty men was all left behind 
of the original command, and Lieut. Hodgson, with their 
assistance, rapidly organized a Fifth Company; and in one 
month from the day of the departure ol' the Batallion, held 
an election for officers, casting over 150 votes, with the fol- 
lowing result : 

Cuptaln — AV. L-ving Ihidgson; 

Senior First Lieiif<iiaiil—-'Y\wo. A. James; 

Junior First Lii'iitciuuil — Kinaldo Banister; 

Senior Second Lttut<iiont — Jerry (i. Pierson ; 

Junior S'-cnnd Linilinant — E. L. Hews. 


1 ^ ,,- \ <n .1' 


'/ 1'n.A'^.. 

'. v.,oA. 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 147 

"When the batallion left for Virginia, they left the art?enal 
()u GiroJ Street, in an unfinished condition, the roof not 
vet put on, the floors torn up, and everything in the Avay 
of camp and garrison equipage, artillery and ordinance 
stores taken with them. Yet in order to supply their 
place, the reserves went to work with a will. They sent 
.special committees to Eaton Rouge to the Legis^lature, to 
the City Council of New Orlean;:', and the merchants and 
capitalists of the City and State. Through handsome 
donations from the former, a generous appropriation from 
the Council, and the unbounded liberality of the latter, (in- 
chuling the present of a piece of artillery and caisson 
complete from Governor Thos. Overton Moore, and a simi- 
lar gift from John I. Adams, a prominent merchant of 
Xe\\- Orleans.) they were able within ninety dajs to com- 
plete the arsenal, and pay for it. 

They besides perfected the organization of six handsome 
brass field pieces, with limbers, caissons and harness all 
complete, with a serviceable and complete stock of camp 
and garrison equipage for 160 men; all this without owing 
a dollar. 

From time to time during the first year of the war. they 
sent to their comrades in Virginia, reinforcements'--' of men 
and drivers, artificers, etc., always forwarding under the 
conimand of an ofticer of the Fifth Company, and always 
sending them ofi" fully clothed and equipped, free of expense 
to the batallion. 

A semi-weekly mull was regularly sent also to the com- 
mand iji the lickl. the cases being packed not only with 
mail matter, but \s-itb clothing, edibles and eveivthiug 
nitcnded for any member of the command, sent him I)y 

•I.itiit. .1. 0. Pier^on. canif ..n iu cluirge of two detachments couiistins of 
«l/oui tittccu iiiuQ eLn.:li 'luring; the lirit yuar of the war. 


I . ■ .i'iiU-' 


.w.Mi: - y. 

^^S -A Soldier's Story of the War. 

his family or IVieruls, and with no expense to the soldier 
of transportation. 

Early in the year 1S02, the members of the 5th Company 
exhibited much military ardor, and felt unwilling to 
remain longer at home, ^vhile their comrades, frieuds°and 
brothers were sharing the dangers and toils of camp life. 
In February of that year, Captain Hodgson addressed 
a communication to Brig. Gen. E. L. Tracy, commanding 
the 1st brigade, 1st division Louisiana State Militia, to 
which his battery was attnched, asking for a new election 
of officers, intended for active service in field ; in con- 
formity to which, Gen. 'JVacy ordered an election on the 
24th day of that month; and under the supervision and 
direction of Majors Ignatius Caultield, and John B. Prados, 
of his stafl; the election took place as directed. There' 
were 185 votes cast, with the following result : 
Cajitain — W. Irving Hodgson; 
Senior First Lieutenavi—Q\ii\\hevt H. Slocomb; 
Junior lirsf Lieutemud — Wm. C. D. Vaught; 
Senior Second Lieutenant — Edson L. Hews ; 
Junior Second Lieutenant — J. A. Chalaron. 
On the 1st day of March 1SG2, the following dispatch 
from Gen. G. T. Beauregard, was published in all of the 
iSew Orleans daily papers : 


Jackson, Taut., Februarv 28, ljti2. 
To Gor. Tnos. 0. Moobk: 

Will accept all good equiprcd troops under the act of 21st Au^-ust that will 
oHcr, and lor ninety dnys. ^ . ■• • m 

Let the people ot Louisiana, nnderstanj that here i> (he pro„er nlacc to dc 

fe^id L 


Captain Hodgson iminotliately called a meeting of his 
command, which was htld on the 2nd day of the^iionth, 
when it was shown that there was one unanimous voice 


,.■ ...:i\ 

■:i:^.r: ! > ■ yu 

,!, ....;: ...ii <. ;■;•;! ^.^■ 

.(l/il.ii.H :l 

A Siohlicr's Story of the War. 

to at once offer their services for ninety days, or tlie war. 
■ All necessary arrangements having been made for 
their immediate departure for the field, the following 
order was issued and published in the daily papers :* 

Headqcautebs 5th Co., Bat. Washington Ahtillery, ) 
New Orleans, ilurcli yth, 'ij;;. / 
[Or.ier Xo. 4 t.] 

I— The officers and members of this corps are herebv ordered to appear at 
their Arsenal on Thnrsday morning, the 0th init., at in o'clock, punctually, 
fully CHuipped, with knapsacks packed, for the purpose of being mustered into 
the Confederate States service. 

11 — Every member of the command is expected to be present. Those failing 
to appear will not be allowed to leave with the command. 
By order of 

A. Gordon Bake'veh,, 0. S. 

On Thursday morning, jMarch Cth, 1SG2, at 11 o'clock, 
the Fifth Company were regularly mustered into the ser- 
vice by the enrolling officer of Gen. Mansfield Lovelfs 
staff, in Lafayette Square, with IGG men, rank and file; 
they left New Orleans for the seat of war in Mississij^pi 
and Tennessee via the N. 0. J. & G. N. R. R. on Saturday 
March Sth, 1S(J2, carrying with them their si.K guns, with 
everything perfect and complete, including their camp 

* .\niong the many flattering comments of the press, was the following, Uiktii 
fruni the Picayune o"f .March 3rd, 1802. 

JuK Wa.-^hington Artillery— The oth Company of this fine battalion. Capt. 
W. Irving Hodgson, have with e.^treme unanimity deteroiined on respondini; 
forthwitli to the call of Gen. Beauregard, whom they go tn join on Tiiursday 
next. The company is in perfect order for immediate and etticient service, and 
will take the field with their battery of six guns, with tull ranks, and with every 
thing necessary in the way of equipment. 

The Kattalioa of ^\'ashingto^ Artillery,. Major J. B. Walton, consisting of four 
companies, have been iu the Confederate service from the coinniencemeiit of tlio 
"ar, and have done good service in Virginia where they are still encamped, 
ready to do more, when called upon. The Dth Company, which, when the 
battalion left, was composed of some thirty members, now numbers in its ranks 
over a hundred young, vigorous and enthusiastic men, who liavt been sedulous- 
ly tittiiig themselves for active duty. Emulating the /.cal au'i ]prninptitude of 
ihe four first companies, in responding to the call made upon ihcni for their 
'••■rvices. Company No. u have also entered the Confederate army, for niii.iy 
''ays, to ''fight the battle of New Orleans,' in the place where Beauregard tells 
«' it is to be fought. 

\\'e doubt not they will prove worthy of their menibershi]) of a battalion 
■vhi.-h has been mentioned iu lieauregard's general orders in terms of tiie 
lii,'ii.-jt eulogium. 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 


and garrison equipage, and without the cost of one. doUar 
to the general governmem.* 

The following is the •'IJo.ster" of the Fifth Company, as 
mustered, into service : 

r^/fcsT, Capt. W. Irving IIodg--oD ; Senior l3t Lieut., C. H. Slocomb; Junior 
1st Lieut., W. C. D. \ Hugljt; Senior 2d Lieut. Edson L. Hews: Junior 2d Lieut J 
A. Chalarou; Assistant Surgeon J. Cecil LeGarc. 

Xon-CommmiorLj 5to^^?— Orderlr Sergeant, A. Gordon Bakewell ; Ordniinee 
Sergeant, J. H. H. Hedge?; Quartermaster's Sergeant, J. B. Wolfe; eommi=^arv 
Sergeant, W. A. Carstow. ■' 

1st Sergeant J. W. De Merritt, 2d Sergeant B. H. Green Jr., 3d Sero-eant A. J 
Leverich, 4th Sergeant W. B. Giffen, otli Sergeant John Bartiej, 6th Sergeant 

1st Corporal John J. Jjmison. 2d Corporal S. Hisdus, 3d Coporal W. X 
Calmes, 4th Corporal K. \V. Frazer, Mli Corporal Emmet Putnam, 6th Corporal 
N. L. Bruce. , ■. 

Ist Caisson CorponU U. W. Smith, -Siiarftisson Corporal E. J. O'Brien ;;d 
Caisson Corporal A. S. \tinston, 4th Caisson L. MaL-rra;ly, 5th Caisson 
Corporal Alt'. Bellanper, Gtli Caisson Corporal E. Charles. 

Sergeant Drivers .1. H. Smith, Corporal Drivers F. X. Thayer. 

1st Artificer W. A. Freret, 2d Arufiotr J. F. Spearing." 3d Artificer W A 
jQurdaa, 4th Artilicer John Beggs, 3th Artificer John Davidson, Uth irtilicer 
Fred. Holmes. 

Privalt.i—\\^x. AUain, V. F. Allain. T. C. Allenn, C. A. Adams, K. Buckner 
Jos. Banfil, Ben Bridge, A. T. Bennett, Jr.. B. Bovden, A. J. Blatfer, John 
Boardmau, .Marcus J. Beebe, C. B. Broadwell, T. L.'Bavne, Jas. Clarke, J. T. 
Crawford. W. M . Clayton, Joseph Doncgre, J. FL Duggau. J. .M. Davidson, A '\t 
Fahenstock, E. C. Feinour, E. Fehrenbach. John Fraser, Charles W. Fox, Robert 
Gi'nson, James F. Gitlen, C. J. Hartnett, CM. Harvev, W. D. Henderson. JI. L. 
Hendersou. Curtis llo!nie.';, John I!. Humphreys, Charles G. Johnson,' C. B. 
Jones, Gahnel Kaiser, \\ . B. Krumbharr, Stinor Kenner, Jr., H. H. Lonsd.ile, H 
Leckie, L. L. Levy. Martin Mathis, I.cwis Mathis, H. G. Mather, E. Mu=sina 
Eugene May, E. S. Mcllhen!,y, Miltoi, McKuight, H. D. McCown, J. C. Miller 
W. K. .Murphy. F. Maillieu, G. W. Faltr.,y, Robert Pugh. Richard L. PuMi, E F 
lieichert, S. F. Uussoll, E. Kickett, J, M. Seixas, W. W. Sewell, G. W. Skidmore 
L. Seicbrecht, George H. Shotwcll, R. P. Salter, W. B, Stuart. Robert Strono-, 
W. Steven, J. IL Seott, J. T. Skiilinan. John Slaymaker, W*rreu Stone. Jr , j'. 
H. Simmons, R. W. Simmons, A. Sambola, E. K. Tisdale, Hirum Tomlin C 
Weingart, T. B. Winston, James White, Johu W. Watson, C. S. Win" J \ 
Walsh, Charles B. Watt, Charles Withao. Willis P. Williams. 

/;n,r«— Byrnes Jose|>h, Bale James, Clayton John, Farrell Richard. Dooly 

William, Lynch Thomas. Long Patrick. Learv John, Moore Daniel, 'jonlan 

James, Davis Sam. J., Kelly Put., Xorris Robert, Tuiuier Geo. A., White William 

^\■illiams Thomas. Voung John, Farrel Michel, Abbott Johu, Learv Thomas. ' 

Biii/ler — Carl Valancoiii. 

• The following is from the Picayune of March 7th, 1S02. 

The Washi.sgto.v Akiu.leiiy, Compa.vv ."i.— This tine companv, under Capt. 
W. Irving Hodgson, was mustered into the service of the Conlederate States, 
yesterday, for ninety days There were ICy men all toid. They made, as usual 
a most admirable appearance. " ' 

On .Saturday nc.\t, (to-morrow) they leave for Jackson, Tern., and will attend 
divine service to-day, at 1 1 o clock, .v. ii., at the First Presbyterian Church, Dr. 
Palmer's, where they will be addressed by the eloquent pastor. 

We liave heard it suggested that on their arrival at the seat of war thov will 

A Soldier's Stonj of the War. 151 

Tho followhif^- was the organization of the other troops 
uho left New Oi'leans under the t-'ame call : 

Cn-:n;ni i:eyiment.~C>Aoue\, M. J. Smith; I.icut.. Col., G. I'. .Mcriieeturs; ^tajol■, 
A. W. Boswortli; Adjutant, Richard S. Venabks; Surgeon, IJ. Stille; Assistant 
.Surgeon, S. R. Ohamhers: Quartermaster, [i. I). Gribble. 

Crescent City Guards, Company B. — Captain, George Soule; 1st Lieut., H. B. 
^tereus; 2d Lieut., li. E. Handy; Junior 2d Lieut., L.N. LeGay. Crescent Ililles, 
Coiiiijany D. — Captain, A. F. Haynes; Lieut., W. C. C. Claiborne, -Jr.; 2d Lieut., 
C. U. Southraayd; Junior 2d Lieut., W. F. Hoirell. Compiiny C, Louisiana 
Guards.— Ca()tain, G. H. Graham; 1st Lieut., Wni.BuUit; L>d Lieut. Alex. Trulford; 
Junior 2d Lieut., C. A. Wood. Beauregard Hangers. — Captain, Jules Vieune; 

Isc Lieut., E. G. .\Ies!i.=r: ^d Lieut., ; Junior 2d Lieut., N. C.!. 

Twigts' Guards.— Captain, M. A. Tarletoii; 1st Lieut., 'fhos. L. Airey; 2d Lieut., 
K. !■'. l.'Hoste; Junior 2d Lieut., Eugene Holmes. Crescent City Guards, Com- 
pany C— Captain, W. .-j. Austin; 1st Lieut., Clias. Guiliet; 2d Lieut., R. Green, 
Jr.; Junior 2d Lieut.. A. H. V. Smitli. liuggles Guards. — Captain, Geo. ^^'. 
llelme; 1st Lieut., G.H. Braughn; 2d Lieut., J.J. Mellon; Junior 2d Lieut., W. 
C J^hepperd. Orleans Cadets, Company' L. — Captain, S. F. I'arniele; 1st Lieut., 
U. Perrv, Jr.; 2d Lieut.. S. Fisher, Jr.; Junior 2J Lieut., T. A. End'irle. Crescent 

Llues.— Captain, John Knight; 1st Lieut., ; 2d Lieut., W. H. Mackay; 

Junior 2d Lieut., W. II. beamaa. Sunipler Ritles.— Captain, C. C. Campbell; 1st 
Lieut., -M. .McDougale; 2d Lieut., J. E. Garretsou; Junior 2d 1/ieut., David Collie. 
Alexandria Uitles.— Captain, J. l\ Davidson; Isf Lieut., A. 1;. Lewis; 2d Lieut.. 
11. Le-L-jis; Junior 2d. Lieut., Jos Fellows.— Total, 9-15. 

liatiilUoii OrleavA Gn'jnjy. — .Major, Leon Qnerouse. Company A. — Captain, 
Charles liotuan; 1st Lieut., J. B. Sorapuru; 2d Lieut., Francis Aloreao; Junior 
2d Lieut. F. O. TrcpaL'nier. Company 1). — Captain, Eugene Staes; 1st Lieut., 
Luiile DeBuvs; 2d Lieiu., 0. Carriere; Junior 2.1 Lieut., P. O. Labatut. Com- 
pany C— Captain, August Roche; 1st Lieut., Fred. Thomas; 2d Lieut., Eug. 

be divided into two companies, while, as we understand, there is material hero 
almost sufficient for the tormation of a third. 

Also the following remarks from the same paper: 

Khe Fifth Company of the Batallion of Washington .\rtillery attemled 
divine service yesterday, at 11 o'clock, A. .M., in the First Presbyterian Church, 
on Lafayette Square, \vhere a very impressive aad eloqueai address was deliv- 
ered to them by Rev. l)r. Palmer, the pastor of that churcli. 

He vindicated, in the mu.-;t able and convincing manner, the justness and 
righteousness of the cause in which this Confederacy in arms is rrow engaged. 
1 is a war purely defensive, in resistance to an invasion by a foe that would 
subjugate us to his despotic will, aiul dei'riie us of all our dearest riglit.^. 
Sliuuld ihe war, on our part, be hereattor aggressive, it would be eiiually a just 
aud righteous one, as a means of depriving our enemy of the means ot carrying 
in-o eliect his hostile purposes. In this confidence of the rectitude of the cause 
i 1 whoso defence they are engaged, tho reverend speaker bade the members of 
the Artillery to go torth in tiic trust of God. He bade tliem rely, too, on the 
lidelity witii which the people of this city would care for their interests, as well 
a; pray for their su;c.-ss, and contribute Jto th.-ir suppor, aid wiiile 
absent. He told thein that they were going forth to disci, au;._ fn [.oiii.^..i.i t 
aid this city the debt t'lU, .'or ue.irly fifty years, has been due to Teiiiiesseo, tor 
lie ]in)nipt andt:/ ■ , : ';e rendered to boil), on th" jdains of Clialmette. 
He concluded bi- : iress with an invitation to, the corps and the 

eoiiL-rejation to o'i > , .ii praver, which being concluded, he dismissed 

them with a ::0iei;i:; l--,;. I. ,, , , 

The services were e\. ecdnigly interesting, and were p.irticipated in by a largo 

}->3 A Soldier's Story of the War. 

TMvrii .,ui lo: ■:(■! T ri,r., L. Chiirvet. Cc-iupaiiy D.— Captain. Charles Tertioir 
^" '■""■ ''"'i ii ■'■■': l!d lik-ut., Alfred Voorhics: Juuior 2(1 Lieut.. B. t^t 
<■i^'^i■^,.- !•.,:;-. :.-. Martin.)— Totrtl, 411. 
., ^;; ' ■ '- ''•'"••■ '.■•'."•>/».— .Major. F. H. ClAck; Captnins, D. H. Fowler; G. 

I.; 1st l.ieiUi., \V. E. .Macbetli, A. W. H.Hyatt; Jd Lieut^. H. II 
Price, J. \\. Bonner; Junior 2d LieiUs.. 11. H. Browne, J. W llardie.— Total. "Oi 

CnaJri,— Jefferson MounteJ 6'"(7rrf«.— Captain, Guv. Dreu.x; Lieut3., B.' 

II. P. Janvier; Coruet, J. Cli.<<.mber3. Orl,;ans Liglit Horse.— Captain. T. L. Leeds- 
Lien ts. ^^ . A. Gordon and Geo. Foster; Cornet, Greenleaf. Total, 150. 

Orliam Guards £,aicri/—C-Apta.m, H. Duc.atel; 1st, Lieut.', F. I.ivaudais: Jr. 1st 
Lieul., M. A. Calo^ne; :'d Lieut., G. Legaidcur, Jr.; Jr. 2d Mcut., F. Laugb. 
Total number of soldiers who left Xi.--,,- Orleans, under the 30 days' calf 101.3. 

The folluwing- notice of Ihc departure of the command, 
appeared in the Picayune of Sunday, March 9th, 18G2 : 

" Off for the Skat of W.vr.— The vicinity of the Jackson Railroad Depoi 
was yesterday afteruooa the scene of intense interest. The 5th Company of 
tlie ■\Vashintrion Artillery, Capt. Ilodgsou. ami four companies, formiut; the' left 
■wing of the Crescent Ke:,'iment, Col. Smith, left in a special train, and tl^ou3and^ 
of men, women and children literally thronged tiie streets on tln'ir march to the 
depot, and swarmed around the cars" at the station to take leave of their friends 
and relatives and aciuniataQCi'S. The scene was interesting bevond description. 
The br.ave tellows went otT with buoyant spirits, thoiiah occa"sionaIlv could be 
seen the starting tear in their eyes, as they took a farewell of some loved one, 
or some dearly attached friend. They looked in fine order, and will doubtles.-; 
make a good report of themselves within a short time. Good luck, health, 
prosperity, victory and a safe and glorious return to them, one and all ! " 

Arriving at Grand Junction, Tennes.-^ee, on Monday 
evening, March lOtb, 1862, the battery iiuniediately 
went into camp, under tlie instructions of Gen. John K. §] 

Jackson, Coniniander of the Post. They were here .■^up- U 

plied with their battery horses, and began drilling, and 
otherwise actively preparing for service. On the 27th 
day of March, the tents were struck, and the command 
started over land for Corinth, Mississippi, arriving there 
on the 1st day of Apiil, 1SG2, and were immediately 
as.signed to the Brigade of Brig. Gen. Patton Anderson, 
of Buggies' Division, Bragg's (2d) Army Corps, and ^vent 
into camp the same day. 

On Thursday, the 3d day of April, the liatteiy filed out 
through the fortilications with its brigade, and the army, 
destined for the battle field of Sliiloh. 

.For the full details of this battle, reference can be 

' . i 

.., . ■ , .fit.. 

;' '1 • •>!; 

A Soldi'.T's Stori/ of the War. 


made to the '• Coniedevate Reports of Battles," ofik-ially 
publi\^hcd by order of Coiigres.^ a t'vw extnicts from 
which are herewith appended, haviii- special reference 
tu the part taken by the Fifth Company Wa.^hiuo-toa 
Artillery, and to the olfieial report of Captain liod^son, 
with reference to the t^aaie subject matter: 


HBADrH-ARTK,:. 5t,i Co Bat. Wasfii.n-gton A.rj.LKKV, 1 

e.uii- .MooRK, arm,'/,, Mi.,s., Ipril 'itb 'h-' t 

To Ukig. Gen. Pattos Axdkksox, ' "" •' 

Commandi,„j Hecjiig Bri-jade, Eugi;la- Dindo,,, Armj, Jr&< 

Ge.nkral :— In accordance with usaj^e, I hereby report, to vou 
tf my battery, in liie battles of the 6th and 7th iimaiit 
-My battery, ' " " 

At T o'clock, A. >;., we opened fire on their ramp, witli our full b.Utcrv of ^ir 
run. hnug shell and spherical c.^e shot, soon sui.'.cins one o he b^^uerie 

u t^i : d:^:;e7bv r^n^rr'r "") ^f*-,fi^;°s --« f^^ty (40, r^^i;;;^ 

ilj:'}J, J,u "'"^^''^'^ .''> Gcn^-ra Kuggles, to shell a camp immedi.aciv urou 
U left of the one n;ent.oned, and in which there was a battery, fro.n whicMhe 
ihot and shell were throirn on all cides of us. ' ^ 

•wl'ted hrr!r'''"'r'^ T ""m' ^'""'^ "»derLieuts. Slocomb and Vau^ht 
• ,. 1 .d ,L ' «""' "'", ^•'^'- ^''^"'^^ '^^""-'■' '•-' ^""^ ^il^"^e'l their runs' 
. .1 had the grafhcation of .seeing onr brave and gallant troops char.^e through 

^^ I formed in battery, on your extreme left, in the avenue of the camp and cora- 
■■■ icea tmn- witn canister trom four(4)gun3, into the tents of the enemy only 

' '<\nuvU ' ;> ' ''■''' "' ,'' '"''"'^ ^ '""'"-'^ "'"^'- The skirn,i?hers o"f 
_■ -^u,.m, i^ ,„;.■ in iheir tents, only a stone's throw from us, cut holes throu-u 

the ground, and with "white powde. . 
d their arms without report, played a deadl 

or some 

,. - - . ig my 

i-''!^- of them in ambush, and put them to flight. ° 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

■ LosinfT ynii agam at tins point, on account of tbe heavy brusliwood throne!, 
VI liicli you ch;ufrod, I -ivas feiinesled by Gen. TrnJeau, to plant two guns rnrthl-r 
down the avenue, aayt^o hundred yards ofu to shell a fifth camp further on 
which t did. and after fann<f a dozen or more shells, had the satisfaction of seein- 
the ca^iury charge the camp, putting the enemy to tJight— killing rnanv, and 
capturing; Lu:iiiy wounded piitoners. 

Beinc; again without a commanding Genr-ral. and not knowin;: your c^act 
position, I received and excculcd orders from General Hardee and his aid, Col 
Kearney also trora Col. Chisholm of Gen. Beauregard's Staff, and iu fact from 
other aids, whose names I do not know, going to points threatened and exposed 
and where firing was continual, rendering cheerfully all the assistance Iconhl 
With my battery, now reduced in men and horses— all fatigued and hunn-rv 

flf.Y,V„^?"\ " rr"";'"' T'«*- ''" '"'"""' "'" ^'"- ""'^"- ' °P'--"«d from"the 
niti camp «e had entered, firing upon a si.Tth camp, due north. Silencing the 
l.atteiy and driving the enemy from their teuts-said portion of the army of the 
enemy, were charged and their battery captured— afterwards lost atvain— by tbe 
Guard Orleans aud other troops on our left, under Col. Preston Pond, Jr. 

ihis was aoout the last bring of my battery on the 6th instant. Takin<' the 
main road to Pittsburg Landing, we followed, on tbe heels of our men, after a 
retreating and badly whipped army, until within three fourths of a mile of tbe 
1 ennessee Iviver, when the enemy began to shell the woods from tlieir Gunboats, 
ii'io'iu™ ''-^ ordered us to the enemy's camp, where we bivouacked for the 

I received orders on the morning of tbe 7lh, at about half^past five o'clock to 
follow your command with my battery, and at six o'clock being readv to move, 
coulcl not ascertain your position— so took position on the extreme ri^ht of our 
nimy, suppoi f,:d by the Crescent Regiment, of Col. Pond's Brigade, in our rear, 
and an ArKansas Regiment on my front, and I think the 21st Tennessee Keo-i- 
ment on my lelt flank ; all under Gen. Hardee, for in fact, he seemed to be the 
mas er spin . giving aU orders aud seeing that they were properlv executed. 

-U about J clock, Gen. Breckenridgo's commaud, on our extreme front bad 
pu.bed the enemy up and on, to within several hundred yards of our front, when 
we opened tire with shell and shot with our full battery ; after firin<r some (7^) 
EcneutN rout us, we took position further on, just on the edge of tbe'opeu space 
aiieaa, and h itii our full battery, assisted by two pieces from McClunt^'s battorv, 
we poured .-.,",c sixty (..M) ioiiimU into the enemy, who continued To advance 
sr!n"^V"M'' r"'*'"" ^?"" '-"* t"'^"*.^ .'■"•f's of us, when Col. Marshall .1. 
^niith, of he Crescent Kegniicnt, gallantly came to our rescue, char-'iu- the 
enemy at the point of the bayonet, putting them to flight, and saving our three 
ex reme right pieces, which would have been captured but for them. 

Jt was at this point, I again met with some losses. Lieut. Slocomb, Sei-t. 

wornde^'''^'" "''"^^' ''"'^ "'"'"'■*' ''""" *""" "^ ^'"" ^'°'"'' '^'"'" ^'^^^'^ or badly 

1.kln7ro''M"T-'i I'-'^'^.f "■'^•'^'^'' "•'^'1 "' the woods, I had my guns limbered and 
akeu f om the Held. .My m,,, broken down, my horses nearly all slain, ammuni- 
lon out, and sponges all broken and gone, I was iu tbe act" of making repairs, 
ii"d preparing for another attack, when I was ordered bv Gen. Beauregard to 
retire in order, to .Monterey, which 1 did that evening-and afterwards to 
this point, arriving last evening, with my batterv all comidete, with the exce].- 
Hu'lhl ""'■'-'(■') ':aissons a battery wagon, aud forge, which I had to abandon 
on the road, lor want of fresh horses to draw them in. 

At the reciuest of Gen. Beauregard, I detailed from my command tvoivf nv m 
under a non-commissioned ollicer, to remain and act with Cant 'nvrnr < • r 
Burns ) b.attery, on a prominent hill on the Pea U.d-e road overlo'oivii..' ;. 
battle held, to cover the retirement of our army, 'fhc-y all came in to-dav" ^.'ii.' 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 155 

['''■'. i -cveral V. S. horses anj mules, some of 

■I • . ' '^!-t.. 

■' .i ii^niii calling to your favorable notice, 
)i' . ■' i^lil mill GliaUroii, for tlii-ir cooliifss nnd 
ju'iiicl wa= iliiriiiy and gallnat, and wortliv ul your 

I have the honor to be, 

Yours, vcrv truly, 

W. IliVLNci HODGSON, Cptaln. 

surrLE-ME\TAi;y iikpout of captain iiodgsox. 

[Page 32iJ and 32T.] 

Headquakterr 5th Co., Rat. Washington Artillery,-) 

Camp MooiiE, CWii^/j .1/m-., April lUb, 'G-.' f 

To Capt. Wm. G. Berth. - f , j 

A' ting Afj^i. Ailjiii<iiit General : 

Captain :— I herewith tender to yon a supplemental report, in rea-nrd to mat- 
ters connected with the battle.? of the t'.th and 7th inst. 

My battery fired durin'j said actions, from the six guns, seven liundied and 
tv.enty-thiec (72.';) rounds, mostly from the smooth bore guns and the l>u>yltsers, 
u larfce [.roportion of which was canister. Some of our amniiinilion ichi'stsl 
being from a capturfd caisson, and other canister borrowed from 
Captain Kobertson's battery, which he kindly loaned. 

The badly torn wheels and carriages of "my battery from minie balls, will 
convince any one of the close pro.vimitv to the" enemy i'n which we were. I had 
twenty-eight (--'8) horses slain in the battery, e.xdusive of officers' horses. 

1 cannot refrain frftm ai.plauding to you, the gallant actions of I he rank and 
file of my command, all of whom behaved so gaiiantlv on these occasions, that 
it would be invidious to uienlion names, suflice it, they all remained at their 
posts during the action, and behaved most gallautlv, many of them, for the first 
time under fire, cuiiducled themselves as veterans.' 

1 have the honor to be. 

Yours, verv truly, 

W. IKVi.VG llnDG^O.V, Cpl. 

Ill connection with tlic battle of Shiloli, the following 
extracts are taken from the i^auie worlv : 

E^b-nctfrmn otficwi r.porl of m. Mur.lrill J. Smilli, CommmM.yj CrcicenI- Rcoin^iil of £a.-j.„,o IMl. 

As the army advanced, the forces in front of us retired, and the Washin'^ton 
Artillery, Onptain Hodgson, forming his batterv in front of us, wc supported 
him. This battery gallantly maintained their position, dealing destruction upon 
the foe. until the artillery on their left retired, leaving them alone. 

At this moment, the enemv advanced in lieavv force ami the artillerv properlv 
fearing such odds, limbere"d up and filed ulf'to our left. We II,.mi "ali^HIlced■, 
covering the movement of the artillery, saving several of their pieces, and 
driving the enemy before us. 

Exiracl.frvm repmi of Co(. H . A. Sluiiliij, C'mmitmhn.j Olh 3't.v.i.! Iiif,:,ilr;i— S12. 

On th.' morning of the t;ih, we advanced in line of battle, under a hcaw fire 

■^^^ A Soldier's Story of the War. 

t°och!!'r'"-il?''f,T''"T '^"'f ^''^ <'"^"J:'= "rst encampment. >3ein<^ ordered 
H^, ,^ ' . -' ""f ''?>"°"^^'^' "■« "''du two successive attempts a, « lU iis our comrades in arms on our ri-lit nnd left, it .,l,„^= ,„ 

: heiivv- fire directed 

left, it almost impossible 

w „,..,^.uu. ui.t. iisavv nre airccted at our mnks, we were compelled 
fnTeH V'l '?' T"' "■'"' ^■""^'>1"^''''^ lo^^- l-'i"S then ordered we proceeded 
nin ed.ately to the support of the Wasbingtou Artillery which from their 
battery's well directed ti^e, soon silenced the battery, of the enemy. 

£rfr«c-(.rtv>„. «jlici,l r,,.M of Col l,..nrl W. A.Ums, 0:.m,na„di„, U, Hegi^^u i.,. /„/...,/,y-p..„. 243. 

During this time the enemy opened upon us again with their artillery, when 

I directed CaptH.n Uubertson to return their fire, which he did with -real effect 

',? '^'."-''^=;'^" ^ battery ot artillery also came up and rendered valuable service: 


BxtTMlfrom «^.cid rtjiwt of BriQ. Ge„. P.ui.m An-Jaso,^ 0>m,„;n,ti„g2,„l BrUmk- R,i,,.,h.,- Liii-ion ■->„ I 
Corps, Aniij of 1/ic MU>-asippi—yu,je iw. • JJ - , -i u 

* * * * « 

The 5th Company Washington Artillery, 155 men, commanded by Captain W 
Irving Hodgson following the cent,re, as neaily as the nature of the ground 
17 flrcT T ■■' '■^' '° °'='^"P-'' ^" '"if ^=^1, either between the Florida Battalion 
and the 9th Te.xns, or between the 9th Texas and 'iuth Louisiana, as necessity or 
convenience might require; the whole composing a force of 1634 men. 

The most favorable position attainable by our field pieces, was selected, and 
Capt. Hodgson was directed to open fire upon the enemy's battery (row rdiviu.' 
vigorously upon us) with solid shot and shrapnel, and when occasion offered 
without danger to our own troops to use canister upon his infantry. This order 
was obeyed with alacrity. Takin.g adv.intage of this diversion !in onr favor the 
lufantiy was directed to pass through the swamp and drive the enemv before it, 
uutil Capt Hodgson could either silence his battery, or an opportunity be pre- 
sented ot taking it with the b.\vonet. ' 

The movement was made with spirit and vigor. 

* * « ^ !^ 

Page 302. The perceptibly diminishing fire from the enemy's battery was 
soon, by tapt. Hodgson's superior practice, entirely silenced. 

Page 30.1. Gen. Ruggles had now placed our batterv in position. Col Smith 
of tlie Crescent lU-gimeni. had driven the euemv's sha'rpsbooters from thf cover 
of a log cabin, and a few cotton hales on the e.vtreme left nnd near the roid ■mil 
the enemy was being sorely pressed upon the extreme right bv our columns upon 
that flank, and I telt the importan.-e of pressing forward at this point The 
troops too seemed to be inspired with the same feeling. Our batlcrv opened 
rapidly, but every shot told. To the command ^'Forward," the infantrv res- 
ponded with .a shout, and m les>- than five minutes after our artiUerv comra'puced 
playing, and belore the infantry ha.i advanced within shot range of the enemv's 
hues we had the satisfaction of seeing his proud banner lowered, aud a white 
one hoisted in its stead. 

Page 300. Captain W. Trvin..: n„d-5oi 
Washington Ariillery. aild.' ! i ': :: :,. t 
corps. It was his line [•■ ■ : ,. :'.u- 

enemy's first eanip, that ;,iii 

giving coHfideiice to our tr.i ,|, , , ,> , !, ,i,ij 

as freiiueiuly to preclude the use of ai tiller 


the iMfth Compan 

me of tl 

i? already reiio" lie 

of the 

lill ovoriooking th 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 257 


T 1 II , '"-;.^'\"'=7.«;h'-;n"er arnilerj wu., needed. On several occasions 
',"!''?,,""■'-'"••'';' ''■'""'' '"=, <:«'"-^ier Knd round sliot produced upon the 
cm.o . ma^.e., .-ind once sa«- bis cuu.oniers stand to their pieces under -l 
deadly fire wl,en there was no sui.port at hand, and when to have retired 
vonld have lett that part ot the field to the euemv "u.'-ii, 

derdi'o7theVitu'Itl''l'rtilleI'' '''if'!'"' ^'"^' '■'^^" ^^^" """^"' "^^ ''"-'= 
oecds ot the U a^h jgton Artillery will illustrate one of its hrighten pa-e-- and 

he names of Hodgson and Sloeon.h, will be held in grateful remembnu ' e 

shiioh '' "° '"■ '"'^ ""' ^'°"'° s'"'"' "p*^" '■^' ^^^°'^y '""^ »'■ 

r.rfraci/mmoiBc,o!n.p^(o/ BrU, Gen. Bc-.M 2i„^,jh,, Cmman.r.uj U„.jgl,y Division, -nd C.rp,. 

Page 281. The Washington .\rtillery, nn.ier Captain Hod-son, wa. then 
brough forward, and two howitzers and two rifled guns cummanded bv^Li.ut 
h.ocomh, and two guns under Major Hoop were put ,n position on the crest of a 
ndge near an aln.ost impenetrable boggy thicket, ranging along our front and 
opened a^destrucve fire in response to the enemy's battedes then sweepin,^ our 
line, at long range I also sent orders to Urig G.n. Anderson to advance 

h ._ . against the enemy, in which some of the 6th .Mississiupi and 2nd Tenne^^iee 

: : joined ; at the same time I directed other troops to movi rapidly by the ri.-hV to 

II turn the enemy i position beyond the swamp, and that the field artiUerv ti^llow 

j| as soon as masked by the movement of the infantry. " ' 

Vnder these muvenieuts, vigorously executed, after a spirited content ihe 
eneniyo whole line gave way, and oar advance took possession of the cimo 
and batteries against which the charge was made. ' 

Page 282. The enemy's canins on our left. lic-inT' aiii.-irent'v chi-ed 1 

endeavored to concentrate forces on his r: ',: ? v,\ " - i - in \ I- .- li ., ', ,i 

directed Captain Hodgson's Batter\ into nc;. , ' .' '' "l 

a charge from the 2nd brigade, put the cr.i:i ; '; !'" 

driven back from this position, the enemv r.i:::,.. ,-',,; .,■!,■,,,„,,.,,' '^^'^\L 

remarkable tenacity for some two or three hour' " ' ' 

and his right flank, where cavalry, infantry iind an 

iV(r,ic(/rcm official r^orl oj Mnjor Genenil Br.ixlon Hr.„j.j, Cam. 
^ lfipi' -Jiil. 

Brig. Gen. D. Iliiggles, commanding second divi<i 
out both days, for the galhintry with Vhich he led h 

Anderson, commanding a brigade of this division, was also aiaoii- the 
where the fighting was hardest, and never failed to ovei come whatever r 

\\ ill, a brigade composed almost entirely of raw troops, his personal ■ 
ai.d soldierly bearing, supplied the place of instruction and discipline.' 





forces ih f 
in the con 





Armyofthf il 





ips. l;r 

cuous thro 
g. Oeu. Pa 

Extract fr<nn ojirial report of G^,i. G. T. Z>'e,i»r^i/,.rrf, Commundin 

g Annij of t 

Page 21.-. For the services of their gallant subordinate comman.lers, and tl.ei 
oihcers under them, a? well as for the details of the b-ttlt-field 1 mu-i re'- 
to the reports of corps, divisions and brigade comm.mdeis, which sh:,ll\"c- for 
wanied as soon as roceiveu. 

/-»■' '/ hilled and tcound,,,! af the h.W. 

Apr,!, I.MJL', ;-,, Om J'\i;/i r,.mj.i,iny ll4/,;,',//„«" 
Ku.rKi._lst .Srrgeaiit, John W. Kemeriih ; 2nd Sergeant, Benj. H. Gr 

l^hiloh. /o,r/!.t on the Gt/i r.nd 7th d;y, of 

Soldier's Story of the War. 

4tli Sernreant, \\m. V,. Giffen ; wo.iiuied in leg, suffered amputation and died- i 

I'liviue, C. J. llaitii'jlt; Drivers, Jo!in Leary, Patrick Lon?, John O'Doauull— ^ 

tot:U, 7 killed. i 

WotsuEU— Isi Lieutenant, C. H. SlDcorab, shot in breast; 'lad Corporal, S. * 

Higgins, spent ball in neck: 6tli Corporal, W. L. Bruce, spent ball in side; ? 
4th C. Corporal, L. Macready, shot in the leg ; jth C. Corporal, Alfred Bellan^-er 

lost left hand ; Corporal Drivers, F. X. Thayer, injured in hand ; Privates, Thos'. S 

h. Bayne, shot in right arm; J. .M. Davidson, shot in thigh; Octave HopKins, | 

Curtis Holmes. .Milton .McKnight, wounded; Robert Strong, William Steven, 1 

John W. Watsou, John A. U'a'lsh, wounded in leg; Drivers,"ja3. Byrnes, SVm! f 

Dooh.-y, Sam;iel .1. Davis, M. Campbell, Jolm Clayton— total, 20. Killed, 7, »; 

wounded, 2U — total casualties, 'JT. § 

After tlie battle of Shiloli, the following men were | 

honorably discharged from the service : t 

Second Lieutenant, Edson L. Hews, resigned; Cth Corporal, W. L. Bruce, 
doctor's certificate; 5th C. Corporal, Alfred Bell.inger, wounds received; 5th C. t 

Corporal, F. X. Thayer, doctor's certificate; Privates, T. L. Bavne, wounds 
received ; W. W. Clayton, doctor's certificate ; J. M. Davidson, wounds received ; 
J. M. Sei.^as, by order Gcu. Bragg ; Robert Strong, wounds received ; Middletoa 
Kastmau, by order Gen. Bragg; John A. Walsh, wounds received ; C. S. Wing, 
H. H. Lonsdale, doctor's certificate. 

The resignation of Lieut, Ed. L. Hews, having been 
accepted, Gen. Bragg attached to the battery Mr. J. M. 
Seixas, and appointed him Lieut.- in the 5th Company, to 
fill vacancy. 

The following names wore added to the roll of the bat- 
ter}-, after it left the City of New Orleans, and previous 
to the battle of Shiloh. and were regularly mustered into 
service : 

Privates: Middlctou Kastman, Octave Hopkins, Wallace O^den, Henrv V. 
Ogden, Dr. John Pugh, George Pugh, William Pngh. 
Drivers: .M. Canj(.bell, and Johu O'Donuell. 


On the 30th day of May. 1SG2, the army of the .Ali.'^. 
sissij)pi evacuated CVirintli. the -Jth Company '\Yashingt(jn 
Artillery, with its brigade, covering the retreat of the 

The reti-Dgrade movement began at about S o'clock, p. 
-Af., continuing during that night, and by 3 o'clock, A. M. 
the last of the troops h;>d pass^'d through the town, on 

.! 'J i!t ■•>,:. Mil ;:Mi ,. il; 

;l ;i(. 

A Soldier's Storij of the'War. 


their way to Tupelo. Miss., via Clear Creek, a point about 
40 miles south of Corinth, which latter place they reached 
oa the morning of June tlic 1st, and immediately went 
into temporary camp. 

The enemy did not pursue the retreating Confederate 
army more than 10 or 15 miles south of Corinth, and 
fnuliug the Confederate foixes ready to give battle, tlioy 
returned to Corinth and went into camp. 

On the 5th day of June, ascertaining the Federal army 
would not pui-sue or risk a further engagement in this 
vicinity, the Confederate army, now under the command 
of Gen. Braxton Bragg, determined to change their ])ase 
to Chattanooga, Tennessee, for a resumption of hostilities, 
resulting in the famous Kentucky campaign — with a vievv' 
to a long overland march. The army fell back to Tupelo, 
where there was an abundance of good water and forage, 
and went into regular camp, preparatory to said grand 

On the eve of tlie departure from Clear Creek, an order 
was issued fi'om tlie Headquarters of the Army, that all 
ntlicers and men, who were unable to march 20 miles a 
day, would gu to Okalona, Miss., on surgeon's certilic;ite, 
into tlie general hospital at thtit point by a special train, 
at o'clock the following morning. 

It was at this point, that Captain Hodgson, who liad 
been sick and confined to his bed for some days, turned 
liver the command to Lieut, ^'aught, as Senior Lieut., 
Ust Lieut. Slocoml', being absent on sick leave, from 
wounds received at the battle of Shiloh,) and went to 

U was wliile the l)attery -was in cam[) at Tupelo, (June 
fitli, 1SG2,) Capt. Hodgson, then in hospital at Okalona, 
Ibrwarded his rcsiunation ti)(i(.'ii. 15ra2i:'. rommanding the 


;1 i 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

army, which was accepted, and Lieut. C. IL Sh)comb. wa> 
ajjpointed Ca])tain iu his stead. 



We .«pent a plca.sant month and over at Winchester, 
during the period of the Indian sumraer, living on bacon 
and autumn corn, getting new clothing — reading books 
aloud, or telling camp-fire stories, and generally enjoying 
the superb climate of Virginia, as rnuch as if there were 
no bloody battle-lields to dream of in the future. But the 
boots-and-saddle call came at last ; and having Avelcomed 
the bugle blast with a shout, and packed up, there was 
nothing to be done but stretch out, Oct. 30th, in the 
direction of the Richmond Capitol. The most singular 
event that happened at this camp, was the killing of two 
of the 3rd Company, Avho had escaped all of the perils 
of bnttle, by the falling of a tree. 

The move southward ended at Culpepper C. IL, and 
was intended to meet a feint made in that direction by the 
Federal army ; but their real intention having soon after 
been discovered, we continued our march, (Nov. 19th,) 
down the plank road to Fredericksburg, and appeared upon 
the south bank siuudtaneoush- with their arrival upon the 

Acljulnid's Journal.—Soy. 20. Cold r 
Ford. Camped on .Mine Run, at Barleh 
for tlje men to sl'.-ep ilrv. 

liuall d;.v. Forded U:ip 
■3 Mill. Dreadful i.i-lit 

dan, at Racoo 
and impossilil 

21. Rained in torrents all niglit. Ca 
■J:'. RoftcLed Fredericksburg. 

mp at Chft.icellor3vi!Ie. 

As we moved down the dreary plank road — past the 
old Chancellor Hotel or Mansion-house, around whicli 

'! \o 

■!•,.,•.! m'I ) 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 16! 

only wounded truosts linger — past the gloomy wilderness 
in wliosc doptlis tlse Federal iirmy will soon be entangled 
% and leave behind half its number for corpses or spectres, 

1. we met the inhabita)its of Fredericksburg pouring out, 

I and each one bearing in his or her arms, what was con- 

I siilered most valuable. The advances of the two armies 

I already confronted the doomed city, and the inhabitants 

I lied from it as if stricken with the plague. Delicate 

I women who had been frightened from their homes, half 

I clothed and badly shod, were trudging along, wondering 

I where tliey would find shelter for themselves and little 

* ones for the coming winter. The men gazed at them 

I with great pity, and doubtless the same feeling was enter- 

I tained by them for us ; seeing that many times their num- 

:| ber of soldiers would take their places in the town — that 

f is in the cemeteries. 

^: On our arrival tljere, I mean nt Fredericksburg, many 

S stores and houses ^vere found abandoned — one of them 

W containing fruit, fish, and barrels of oysters, which some 

of us felt ourselves after a long march, and under the cir- 
cumstances justified in consuming. An occasifuial shell 
from tlie enemy whicli came crashing in, gave .-^ome little 
interest to the scene; but otherwise the sight of the 
crowded resorts of business abandotied and unoccupied, 
awoke a very melonchoh^ feeling. The place seemed 
^ enchanted or cursed by a spell, and rennndcd us of Hood's 

f Haunted House. We conversed in low tones v, bile we 

I remained inside of the town, and curious sight-seers did 

not tliink it wortli risking their live? to prolong the visit. 
Our appearance, it is now proper to state, in tliis neigh- 
borhood, was accounted for by the fact that ^IcC'lellau had 
been i-emoved as too slow a coach, and ]jurnside assigned 
llie duly of trying to wriuLde into luchmond. bv some new 

VI •>, . •! >." 


A Sohlirri. Stunj vj the War 

and unguaidcd route. 'With great secrecy, he had trans- 
ported his army to Fredericksburg, to cross at that point 
before Lee could discover his j>i\)found strategy. His 
feelings uuiy be imagined, ^vllen at\er many days hard 
marching, he found his old enemy quietly on hand, on the 
opposite heights, with the air of having come there hy 
appointment. This air of quiet expectation was suiH- 
ciently exasperating, to cause Ijurnsidc to open on us a 
few shots, very nuich as if inquiring through llie cannon's 
mouth— "Who in the deuce would have ever thought you 
were there?" 

Still as Lee wuuld not go away, and something was 
expected to be done. Ihivnside hnally resolved to cross the 
river, and either persuiide Lee to change his mind, or go 
to Richmond Avithout his consen.t. It was an unfortunate 
conclusion, as the result turned out. for the Federal General, 
and still moie for some 20.000 of his troojis, who in con- 
sequence (jf tliis decision were soon after left ludiind, dead 
or wounded, on the battle plain. 

Blundering along with this idea, Buruside spent a day 
and a half, (the lltii.) in trying to get down his pontoon 
lx)ats, and when the Confederate sharpshooters picked oil 
his engineer corps, he bombarded Fredericksburg with one 
hundred guns, and set it on fire, though without incom- 
moding the skirmishers on the river banks, or effecting 
much else than gi\(> warning and concentration to the 
Coufedijrate army. Asul)ordinate Federal General atnight- 
lall, iinally suggested the happy idea of crossing a regi- 
ment in boats, and thus capturing i.)r driving in the picket 
line. Tliis plan was carried out a little befon? day-break, 
on the 12tli, after his di-ign in crossing had Ijecome known, 
and there was no earrhly chance of executing it. 
Both armies luvonuckeil on the eoM ground — i)re})aratory 

't . ,( '.: r 

(tl! I!..i 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 163 

to tlio final and etenial rest on the morrow. At 3 o'clock, 
1'. M., Staflbrd's heiirhts were seen to be covered with troops^ 
^ wlio moved to the pontoons under our heavv fire. Our 

} batteries dispersed a mass of troops near the gas works.* 

' ': On the 13th Jjurnside had thrc^wn over Franklin still 

i lower down, who with one hali' of the Federal annv 

I attacked Lee's right, under Jackson, and at the time restin- 

'l; on Massaponax Creelv. ° 

;| If ere the enemy had at first borne back a part of our 

i hnes; bathe was met ftirther back bv a withering lire from 

^1 Gregg's S. C. Brigade, and by a double quick char-e Irom 

I Early with the La. troops, which according to Xortheru 

U historians '-instantly turned the tide." "Early pursued 

with great slaughter," says the Federal General Birney 
"to within oO yards of my guns." The Federal army 
lost -10 por cent, of its men in this portion of the battle 
[| But meanwhile through a dense foo- their advance al<o 

|| IS on the L3th made-12:30 p. .M._upon Lonustreet, up 

the steep plain upon whose top rested the Contederate bat- 
teries. The advance was made in fine stvie, the walls 
and fences falling before it like paper or frostwork 

''The Washington Artillery." says Gen. Lee -under 
toL ^\alton, occupied the redoubts on the crest of Marye's 
Ildl— the heights to the right and left bein- held by "the 
reserve. The Washington Artillcrv here sustained tl,.^ 
lieavy fire of artillery and infantrv with unsiiaken steadi- 
ness.' About 11 .V. M. says Gen. -1 sent 
•"■'lers lur the Washington Artillcrv to plav upon the 
streets and bri.igvs bevond the citv. bv" was „f a 
•liversM.u to our nght. The batteries had h'ardlv'npeued 
^vlieu the eneuu" began to move out towards \nv liue. 
Our pickets, m IVont of the Marye house were soon driven 

- '• —I'M •' -'' 

,1 :./ ,;,n lA-n •..[> . : .■ '1.1- -il "11 

A Soldier' a Story of the War. 

in, and tlie enemv hoyaii to tk-jAoy Lis forces in front of 
that point. Our arlillrry opened lire npon tlieuA us so(.m 
as the masses became dense enough to warrant it. This 
fire was very destructive and denioraiizinsr in its elTects, 
and frequently made gaps in the enemy's ranks tliat could 
be seen at the distance of a mile. The attack was again 
renewed and again i-epulsed. Col. Walton was particu- 
larly distinguished." Conspicuous among the enemv 
were the green ilag of Mcaglier's Ii-ish Brigade and the 
red bag breeches of the Zouaves. We hammered away at 
them as fast as we could load and (ire, but on they came. 
Tliey becajue confused as they advanced and when in 
range of the Georgians and Mississippians under Gen. 
Cobb, wheeled al>out and fled in confusion to the 
town. The attack lasted an hour. At 2 p. yi. another 
line came on witli deafening firing; line aftci- line was 
pushed forward only to be mown down. We i-emaincd 
firing at our guns uutil 5 p. .m. A note from Longstreet 
declared tlie firing of the batallion to be splendid. 

Loss during the day, three killed and tAvcnty-four 
wounded. The position was a very hot one, the minies 
flying around like hail. A brick house which was white 
at the connnencemeut of the figlit was red at its end. 
Ruggles received his mortal wound while ramming his 
piece.. He exposed his body at the embrasure in spite of 
caution, and soon fell. Out of eight men at that endjra- 
sure, six were killed or wounded: infantry volunteers 
then assisted in manning the guns. 

Maj. (ien. Hansom, says in hi> rejioi't, that " the gal- 
lantry and eilicaev of the liunous AVashington Artillei'v'' 

*Tlie report of Col. Cabeli an.l several other I 
tion tboie jii'.bUshe'l iit the niii-: lu k-aJiiig jour 
the n-ork .lono by the Wasbingloi, Artillery, or 
gullaiil corjiB v.-ho oi;cuijii.J the cre.-l of Marye': 

<, not to n^eii- 
iinportance to 
-lesscd it ■•the 

1 1 -4 Soldiers Story of the War. 165 

who drove back the enouiy in tri])le lines, fightinp- hero- 
ically aud inidHr a uoav\- ihv. is worth v of all ]n-aise."^^ 

The force of the ejieiiiy at Marye's 'llill was .;;0,000. 
There wei'e o>dj two bri-ades of 1500 men, Avho can be 
said to have taken part in this battle— on the Confederate 
side-that of E. E. Cobb, (tlie brother of Howell and a noble 
representative of Georgia in every Avaj, who here lost his 
life) and Eansom's. These, placed behind a stone wall 
on the Telegraph road, constituted the advanced line. 
The honor of the fight on Marye's Heights, or what uas 
the principal part of the battle of Fredericksburg, were 
yielded Avitliout any dissent to the artillery. The first 
who came under their fire, was French's Federal Di a ision, 
who went down under a frightful fire, and close Ijehiml 
came Hancock, who left two men behind of every three ; 
and then three otht-r divisions. Lastly, about nightfalL 
Hooker led Ids men up the same avenue of death— only 
suspending his attack A\hen. he " had lost as nnmy men 
as he was rec|uired to lose." 

The Federal loss (by actual count there were \-A'>Q 
bodies inunediately around our pieces,) Avas more than 
12,000; on the part of tlie Confederates on both win-s. it 
was a little moi-e than a tliird of that number. 

In this buttle Lieut. W. J. Behan, who had won his s])nrs 
at Shari)sburg, and who had since connnanded one of the 
fine volunteer regiments of the city, first a.^sisted in the 
connnand of the fourth company. " J3esides being a -ood 
officer, he enjoyed the lienor of never having missed a 
roll call, or battle during the war. 

^r ifut L:uKlry of Capt. Maiu-in's baUery, (the Donclson (La.) Artillery) took 
.1; PK.C. from 1,. umi il,c epauluicut tu dUlodge .a body ot tUe c-uemvMu.t 
>M,-c,ii:iiiy lie pcrtoriiiert this service; but in doiiK- so, lost ^evc-rvl of "his iiiun 
•U"! l,,id h.s ineco disuhled. His conduct was ndniirublf, for dunn- ihc Hmr. iiJ 
^ "= e,x,,os,.d to a d.rct hre of <iv and an enUI,i,le l.r,. of four .nn,.. /,',,.„ ', 


A Soldier's Stonj of the Wai 

Ati/ulanfsJo'irmd—Uiicemhtir Hj. f'.iieniv abaiuloued the town, leav'm? their 
rtead ill our haiuU. Prisoners estlniale their entire loss as 20,000. An Irishman 
of Meagher's ilri^Ml- lell iicirest f. our line. 

nth. To-Ja-. .1 : : "1 l"i '■' -il re^'inient ciime over from the enemy to bury 
the iletid. The 1 • ' i ~ > '•■ all thrown into a long trench with no more 
ceremonies • ,:, . , The ice bouse on tiie edge of town was 

full of dead. Ti;- ■ 'w :. i. i: : i 'lily laid in rows and covered with earth. 

lOtb. Big jolliti canon over (-autured supplies ; all hands jolly; war dance, and 

3l3t. Bataliion goes to Pole Cat Creek. Ordered with Col. 'VValton, to go to 
Mobile to recruit. 


\VINTf:r.-l>I .\i:T!:K .\MfSKMEXTS-TXCII)KNT.-! OK -\ VlilT TO KICUifON'I'. 

We went into -svinttT-quarters — always a terrible drag 
to the men. a ^hort distance from Chesterfield Station, in 
Caroline County, of us having no other shelter 
than canvass or tarpaulin tents (with fire places at one 
end) affording the best of ventilation, and a rather too 
free an entrance for rain and snow. Titere was a charm 
about living under canva.^^s which made them preferable 
with many to ocoipying a badly lighted log house, with 
a dozen otiiei's, which in reality were but little superior 
to negro quarters on a plantation. 

We would have b-en hai»pier if the talents of the jnen 
had Ik-ju Liuiiloyed. a.s was the case with the Eoman, tind 
i.s tu-dav with the Spanish armies, in some .■^ort of way 
where skill ^vould have increased our scanty rations. 
Failing lio\\c-\ei' in this, llie men who did not contrive, 
undiT some e.veu<e or leave of absence to get to Eichniond, 
a not very Jiliii'idt tilTair. were mostly occupied in building 
a theatre. Tlie \\alls of this were composed of [iinc tree 
branches. aii<! in representing on the stage some of the 
])opular faives and dramas, every one was suited to his 


IS detailed 


A Soldier'i, Story of the War. IQJ 



Dempsj, otic, of our Artificers, who had pvoviouslj had 

some experiouce as a stage carpenter, and Nugent, who 

I is now regarded ay the best blacksmith in the city, made 

what was under the circumstances an admirable sta-e 

^ and the accessories of light, sceneiy and artificial thnnder, 

I were all ingeniously provided for. The audiences froni 

surrounding corps, including in many cases distinguished 
Generals and their staff, were as large as those gathered 
together in a city theatre on a benefit niglit, and probalilv 
more delighted/^' 

•We had in this camp but little to do or talk of escej.t of the eccentricities 
which soldiering had begun to develop, peculiarities to which every one wa^ 
keenly alive, except their possessor. The musical genius for instance, was Otto 
tranli — the traditional Gcrraiin professor in every respect — gold spectacles a 
liiuch of sentiuicnt and bad Englifh. a fondness for ladies' society, and a c-eneral 
mipatience (thoujrh a good soldier,) of the harsh outlines of camp life? Otto 
n;w constantly falling into the hands of the tormentors, who would beguile hiui 
into an artless recital of his impressions of war by the show of a grave and 
melancholy interest which awoke uo suspicion of treacherv in his maulv bo-om 
Another victim was a nam soldier who became vain of his talents for shav- 
ing. His vanity was still further stimulated one day by bets as to the number 
of chins he couM scrape in a given time. The consequence was that be had 
the bataUion on Lis hands. It was not a little amusing to hear him bawliiip- out 
the name of every one to -Come and get shaved— riM.? doM." A youno- la°wvor 
was one day overheard relating some curious facts about the onlv"clien° he liad 
ever probably had — loins, or (as he called him) Jines. The boys"betraved <rreut 
interest in the history of this wonderful suitor, and the point or /Hnt wouM be 
to make him pronounce .Tines' name and words with siniiiar dipthongs, as often 
a-- possible. A young soldier was ilefected later .•]<•■. j_ ■m]-:,' v.-r^es— whic'i 
were highly complimented by some of ourgeneraL-. i ■ • ;,■ •,,.. time would 

('■•rluips have been improved by fuller rations and j!.., : , ... ... u! Loiii<i,ir,a 

The poetic spirit had long since died out in camp. W a.a 1,1, i^.i^,:.\ the eno'iniiv 
01 the offence of a poetical description was, that the author read some of liis 
imes— be. a young recruit— to old veterans, about patriotism and glorv. Thr 
tlnng could not be pa.ised by. A court-martial was convened with .Johu"Porter, 
in-e.=iding judge. Sam llland, as prosecutor, (representing an old farmer, who-',' 
cluckens had been stolen.) and severe jurors, sheritTs otiicers and clerks in uro- 

The poet in vain endeavored to prove that he was meditating about and 
^a-^uig at the stars.and not chickens, and it was not until he had consented to 
'■"•y u[) the jury with a promise to pav (or the "incidental ctpen.^es '' thu -i 
wrd^t WHS found of '• not guilty.'' Previous to Fredericksburc, the fancy 
••■.'■<. 'J us to make all the talking men step forward on a given night and sav wh.\i 
■-'■■■y had got to say before a formal audience. Xoble (afterward,-; of theLegis- 
• ui!.-.', j was in this way embarked in a metaphysical lecture on the Diaphanous 
I T'lpurties of Mud, or something similar, and no one at its conclusion could 
i'li wliellier the joke was on the speaker or the audience. TUey gave him a 
".-tone cane with a liourish. Cleveland, (one of the men who captured the 

i-orked it on their own hook, but who had 1 



A Soldier's Story of the War. 

I sucoec'dcii in escaping incist of" the monotony which 
aticjided the long months in winter and the opening | 

of s]))iiig. by a sl)ort detail from the medical board to | 

Iviciuiiond. The order from the Department came at t 

night, just as we had conclnded a march of thirty miles. I 

and while the men were l3ang in front of their bivouac I 

fives, awaiting supper. But as no soldier cares to lie rot- | 

ting around camp, where dysentery and weariness carried 
off Mnre men tlian battle, or when he knew tlie dangers 
to V, hich sucli furloughs were liable. I lost no time the 
niglit the order from the Secretaiy was handed to me, in 
immediately rolling up my blankets and limping over tlie 
same wearisome thirty miles at uight, in the direction of 
the Gordonsyille R . R. that I had just passed over. 1 might 
have taken tlie cars at Fredericksburg, the next morning ; 
but the travel on a terribly cold frosty night was nothing 
to the happiness of feeling a little sooner, that you were 
yt)ur own master, and of knov*"ing that a military order 
could scarcely reach 3-on. As showing how such instruc- 
tions Avcre res]30cted in Bragg's army, an order from the 
Secretary was repeated three tiuies. and the messenger was 
tlii'u recommended to keep out of the way if he did not 
wish to be shot. 

.My journey back, therefore, though 1 would frequently 
fall down with fatigue, hunger and weakness, and I might 
too have perhaps li'uzen, Init for the way side bivouac 
camp tires, was under the actual circiunstauces, the hap- 


e of ;uiy man 
(Tered a^'di^r' 

toijnrlginent, aiui 

Tliu success of t! 
rical corv<. which 
—one of the lea.lir 
foU.)«-cd =;honly aft 

batallioii) sud<lc-nly confronted with a long series 
lid not liave hapiicucd in.-ide of a hundred years, and 

I- ; i" old for military service. The hores, after the 

' " !]. id been disposed of, were summoned forward 
1 '. •:« un[ninisiied. 

: 111 uatlicrinu', led to the organization of a theat- 
..rn.rm.Ml a little l.ufore the batUe of Frederickshur;.: 
lactcrs |S|,('aring.) losing his life in llit battle whieli 



A Soldiej's Story of the War. 169 

piest march T ever made. No ceremony would be used 
in steppino: in between tlie sleepers and the burnt down 
fires of glowing coals. The only objections m such cases 
raised by the courtesy of camps, was when the sleeper 
turning over uneasily, and becoming indignant at the cold- 
ness of his feet, would complain that you were outstaying 
your welcome. It would tlien be necessary to trudge on 
to the next glowing log fire, and so on through the night 
and following morning. There were several similar adven- 
tures — one that of traveling, Mazeppa-like, on one of a 
i.iody of horse, (without bridle or saddle,) which was being 
carried back to the rear al a slapping pace. When I readied 
the train, I liad to rely more upon my skill in elbowing 
past sentinels, than upon the order of the Secretary of War; 
and before entering Richmond, preferred, with other sol- 
iliers, to be sliot at rather than be marched off to some rough 
camp or ho.?pital, where you would be placed with bounty 
jumpers, or small-pox patients, and be pulled and jerked 
around by any idle officer who had nothing else to do. 

Once in the citj", I proceeded with a very serious fear 
al>out quarters to tlie room of a friend from the army, 
already mentioned, but had scarcely entered and com- 
menced undressing, which I did very quickly, before a 
feminine .scream warned me of my error. My next attempt 
was something more successful. After getting confused in 
inarching about in a blinding snow storm, and mistaking 
a statue of Washington, for an evil-disposed sentinel, I at 
length ent(.-i-ed my friend's room. But this was full' 
Ijcds. in each of which there was a conjjle of iuimen^c 
.-oldiers from Hood's liriiiadc. I believe with arms. legs. 
and mouths spread open to their widest extent, and with 
•'owie knives and revolvers half concealed by the pil]ow>. 

i struck a match, but the liiiht went out — the prospfct 

7 • ■ . i» 

i :'-.'ll 

; ; ..: M1V....I 

170 A Soldier's Storij of the War. 

did not look eucouraginii'. 1 determined to grope my 
way out as sileutl}- as I came in. Unfortunately a chair 
was knocked over. 

"Who's there?" shouted a voice. "What in the h— -1 
are you doing with them clothes?"' Before I could ex- 
plain a pistol was discharged. 

"Kill 'em as you catch 'em!'' cried another voice, and 
off went another barrel. 

Supposing that these might be followed by others. I 
took the prudential step of crawling under a bed and 
awaiting till the barrels were all emptied. 

Another startled inmate, thinking the Federals had 
reached the city, jumped out of a window — I believe into 
a cistern. When the firing had at length ceased I made an 
explanation which was accepted without gainsaying. 

Half of the inmates wore now sitting up in bed ; a 
light was again struck. There were the remains of a fire 
still burning in the fire place, and two or three getting 
(lut of bed in their night blouses, stirred up the chunks, 
and resting their tremendous limbs upon the mantle-piece, 
began to niedit;itively S(|uin tobacco juice at the flames. 
It struck me at the time as being a c|ueer crowd alto- 
gether, although I had become so accustomed to new sights, 
and ways of thinking iind acting, that T was pi'eparcd for 
almost anything. 

"1 wish you d — d fellers \v()uld quit youi- foDlishncss 
and go t(; bed." line sung out a petulant voice; "-lahvnvs 
save one oi- two fiarrets in case of accident, and if you 
don't dry up ami go to bed, hang me, if I don't bla/.e 
away right in the crowd." 

15ut the comiilaint uuheeiled. One of the watchers 
ga\e me permission, or rather ordered me oif to his bed. 
[rerlin[).s as occupying too nnicli of the fn'e. A pack o'i 

,ft .1 - ' ■ •■[■:,HJrt '111 

; r.ii'.-i il 

.1^;- •• ><:\ .,-; ■!• 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 171 

cards was produced, a bottle of liquor and a plug of 
tnbacco, the table was covered with corns for counters — 
and I dozed ofl' into an uneasy slumber. The game, how- 
ever, I imagined, was tiercel}' contested; and each player, 
as he led a sti'ong card, would bring his fist down with a 
lilow which would make the glasses jingle. When the 
hands were particularly good, tliey fell thick and fast. 1 
could not help regarding the table in the morning, and 
was not surprised to see its leg looking ricket}-. 

About day-break I woke up with a sudden start caused 
by a tremendous thump. The tobacco had almost dis- 
appeared, the bottle was empty, and one of the plaj-ers 
was sweeping up a pile of Confederate bills into his hand- 
kerchief The rest of the inmates now commenced dress- 
ing, 01- gazed from ])e]ieath the bed clothes with a half 
sleepy, half sullen expression, preparatory to doing the 
same. They were all soldiers on furlough, and I need not 
say we had a pretty wild, rattling set in that room ; every 
body was on the liuvvah-stj-le, and lived as recklessly as if 
pay day in greenbnclvs came every day, and there was to 
lie no to-morrow. Especially was this the case with a 
Itrave captain from North Louisiana, who had ju>t bought 
a '^'jOO coat, as gorgeous as gold lace could nuike it. He 
played on a guitar, and aflected a pensive style of singing, 
which was somewliat interfered with by the loudness of 
his voice and the ])romiuence of his jaw, and he told all 
mauiivr of im[ios<ib!e and fearful stories. At breakfast 
he nuide love to tin* landlady's daugliter, and woidd ha^■e 
lieen helped doui)tl('ss to thej:)est dishes, if there liad been 
auytliing to eat but fried bacon and corn cod'ee. 

At the same tabl'-, was another lad\' who came from 
N\'\v Ork'ans, and after getting .-sciit out of the i-ity l)y 
InitliM-. was eciualK unfortunate in beinu- lidven tor a 

iJ ril !■ ■: .u:! 

■fir l.r;. 

II '.■ •'■ 11 (!l 

A V 

■>"i|'l7 X.I, 

A Soldipr's Story of the War. 


Federal spy. ITo\ve\-er, she had been allowed to go to 
Kichmond on parole, and liad become not a little soured 
at the number of visits necessary to be made before 
obtaining her release. She gave the Captain who condoled 
with her. a beautiful lace handkerchief to bathe in some- | 

body's blood, on the battle-field. The Captain, however, | 

never got much closer to the enemy, than the nearest \ 

faro-bank, and in tluit classic quarter, boasted of the gift | 

in a manner which woidd hardly have pleased its fair | 

donor had she heard it. I 

My first day in town brought me in contact with the | 

Provost Marshal, who treated me with American ci\-ilit_\', | 

but allowed his ey<!s to droop when speaking of the I 

necessity of reporting for detail duty, and the sentinels f 

too, began to find fault with my pass. | 

Under such pressure, I soon found myself making out i 

pay rolls, or following rather humbly behind a paymaster | 

with bundles of Confederate shinplasters, arict assisting 
him in paying ofi' tlie various hospitals about Jlichmond. 

This brouglit me acquainted witli the matrons, who at 
that day representoi] ;'s much address, e.xperieuce of the 
world, knowledge of Iminan nature, personal attraction, 
and kind-lieartedness. a< any other class of southern 
women Avho cauie to the surface. They were li}' no means 
the ideal of the domestic woman, and sometime.- were pos- 
sessed of much more wit and liveliness of manner than 
refuiement ; Imt tlicy were better adapted to taking care 
of soldiers, than ladies with less restlessness, vanity, 
jealousy, and love nf [lovvi'r ; a class with which every 
-oldicr during his time of sickness or woun<ls became 
familiar. As an ilUi.^-ti'a.tiou of tliis. I may meiuinu what 
lia[)[ieiiiM! -at my lioanling house, to the bra\e t.'aptain. 
He had been uoin-' about a u'ool deal, boasting:' of his 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 


iinndkcrchief. and penei-ally carried things with rather 
a high hand in the pavloi'. 

One day as I passed by the door. I found him tal king- 
in his usual loud, hectoring, pleasant manner to two ladies. 
By way of giving animation to the scene, he would walk 
up and down the floor, singing "I'm the boy that's gay 
and happy." One of the ladies had once traveled in our 
ambulonce wagon, and as the principal part of vay costume 
was an old blanket with a hole cut in the middle, (except 
about dinner time Avheu it was a dressing gown,) it was 
with mucli distress, that I saw that I could not escape 
Ijowing and speaking. I arrived just in time to see that 
the Captain \\'as not received with much favor — tliat he 
had encountered a Tartar in the second of the two ladies. 
She had become ^seary with his freedom of manucrs. and 
was uoA\- turning on him a very handsome, satirical face, 
vicious black eyes, ami tlie keenest tongue that any camp 
absentee liad ever heard wagged at his expense. She 
snubbed liim still further, after a dubious glance at my 
costume, by inviting me. instead of the Captain, to escort 
lier home ; and to add still more to his discomfiture during 
a momentary aljsence. T contrived to become possessed 
of one of his beautiful Ijlue and gold coats which he 
had rashl}- left in our room unguarded. My new acquaiiit- 
ance after a rathm- libenil abuse of the Captain, whom 
she thought not wortliy to look a lady of education in 
the face, allowed me to assist her in an ambulance 
which was in waiting. Entering after her she ])rocceded 
tn inliirni me that there was but one thing that ladies 
iii the South could do who were not of a domestic turn 
— become olliccrs of the goveriuueut — devote them- 
selves to wounded snldlers. learning how to command 
in their deiiartments and to defend themsehes from 

! r '. ! < 

^/^ A Soldier's Story of the War. 

imposition. She thought there was especial danger from 
the Doctor!?, whom she maintained could boast of but 
little more knowledge than tliat of knowing how to 
potter at simple pills, and whose services were counter- 
balanced by drinking up most of the medical supplies when 
so permitted. She had lived V(!rj gaily in New Orleans 
society, she told me; but a hospital and soldiers was 
now the thing for a lady who had always been accustomed to 
a stirring and exciting life— books, society, dancing being 
out of the question. HoAvever the denial on her i)art did 
not prevent her from showing by her gestures that her 
arms were still finely shaped, that her back hair, which 
she moved, grew on her head as in the anticpie models, 
and that her shoe, which she took off (probaljlj- from 
pride ^ at that day in having a new pair) was of the 
smallest pattern. She now took a philosophical tack, 
and told me her cliaracter grew out of the war 
like everything else — that the soldiers she met were fre- 
quently the first gentlemen in the land, and liaving no 
competition they admired her as much, if not more, than 
she had been in ten years previous. She couldn't be a 
rlraiidure as they had in French armies, or ride about 
from on.' line in male attire like Bell Boyd, or fight with 
a musket in a soldier s uniform, as some heroines were 
doing — so lung as tliey behaved ihemselves; or do as 
Gen. Gordon's wife did. rally \u< l,rigade when her hu.<- 
band was absent; bat slie had traveled hundreds of miles 
as a refugee through the liars, without money and friends; 
sometimes in a soldier train wliere she would Ije cunccali'd 
in the mail car and siiiTuunded with mail matter lor davs 
and so on. The aml.iulance stopped at the house of one 
of the scrivtaries with whom she was staying, and as the 
gi'ound \vas covered with snow, 1 had llie coura-c, instead 

I . ■-<! 

A Soldier's Story of the War, 


of putting her on tlie ground, to carry her to the door- 
steps. Tiie result was that it fiired worse with me in the 
wa}'' of epithets and abuse, than it had with the Captain. 
However, when I went with the paymaster, she gave me 
a hiughing invitation to take dinner with her, to the great 
indignation of the local doctors, whom she wanted to 
feel miserable — in the very room that contained the oivied 



The spring of '63 has meanwhile passed, and the roads 
liave commenced to harden. The men absent from camp 
have grown weary of cities, and the old soldiers about 
winter-quarters, shout lu.^tily when a popular general passes 
by — a sure sign that they liave regained their old com- 
bative feeling, and a sign, too, that they will soon be 
called upon, to mal\;e use of it. The battery forges are 
kept constantly busy, and the ringing of Callahan's black- 
smith's hammer in his labors, for the benefit of the bat- 
tery horses, and the flying sparks which gayly shoot 
upward, begin to intoxicate tlie blood of men." 

During tho close of Ajiril, tlie rumltling of tlie artillei'v 
wheels, and the weary tramp of the inflmtry are once 
more heard. Hooker lias daringly thi'own his army 
across the llappahannock, and waded tliem through tlie 
Ivapidan, a deep tributary, and lias made a move which 
causes Lee rather to open his eyes. However, the advar.- 
tage lasts but a monifnt. The Confederate troojis are 
promptly gatiiored up, and boldly moved forward — Jack- 
son Ijeing thrust out in the same wav, on the eneuiv's 

i\: -i;,r 

^''^ ^ Soldier's Story of the Wc 

fl^mk, as the one-armed Captain Cuttle would his hook- 
to drag the euen.y in. Hooker, meauwliile, has occupied 
the ground, ^^•hich, if he only knew it, and would hold on to 
It, would gam Jiini the battle ; but he becomes timid, with 
a greatly superior force, as Lee becomes darino-. and 
laeaawhde, his army is like one of those read of Yn the 
c assic page, .vhich <^^i^ bogged up in a swamp, or trem- 
bhng prairie, or overwhelmed by the Lybian or Arabian 
sands; or as ni the -Shipwreck," where the whole of the 
Dukes Court are wandering about on an unknown land 
encountering enemies, and coming across friends— in all 
nuuinor of fantn.stic ways. At one end of the line- 
Hookers left, which flices towards Richmond, is the old 
Chancellor House. It will soon be dripping with more 
blood than ever was put in a sensational tragedv or novel 
Against one of its pillars Hooker is leaning in the 
battle, when stunned by the concussion against it of a 

On Friday morning, (Maj- 1st.) the opposing columns 
began to jostle each other, and Hooker now can emero-e 
from the tangled thicket in which he has been so far o.. J;> 
ing; but ,t is his last chance. It is one thino- to mark 
out a campaign brilliantly, and to execute it unfliYchino-ly 
vath new difficulties to be provided for on the battle fidd 
at eveiy step. As the Irish duelist explained it, to hi[ 
the stein ol a ^vine glass with a bullet, is not difficult- 
provided the Avme glass has no pistol 

Hooker once liad emerged from his dangerous position 
where his army could not maua-uvre, but was either 
driven back, or took up from choice, according to Northern 
accounts, a line with rishig ground in ft^oiit, and with 
impenetrabe tluckets behind, from which the Confederate 
attacks could r.adily be formed. The ni^hl which lul- 

i) ,:. i ,i.] KO 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 


lowed, passed silently in both armies — silently, so far as 
the guns were concerned; Imt faint noises told of the 
shoveling up of rille pits; thousands of midnight wood- 
cutters, as if suddenly possessed with a superstitious fancy 
for making a clearing, were causing the Wilderness, on 
both sides, to resound with their blow^s, or In-inging to the 
ground some of the huge trunks, with a noise equal to 

"The falling of these trees meant for Hooker, that he 
would await an attack ; for Lee that he knew Hooker's 
plan, and would go off and make an attack souie- 
where else. He will act upon Jackson's last and most 
brilliant idea, and send the latter around by an obscuic 
farm road on Hooker's right, between him and liis rher 
communications. This move of Jackson, thought to be 
a retreat to Richmond — strikes the Federal right at 5 
o'clock on the afternoon of May 2nd, and by dark it 
has put a whole corps to utter route. Jackson has got on 
tlie reverse side of the enemy, to within half a mile of 
lieadrpiarters. He is now about to deal his finishing bluv*-, 
and while anxiously seeking the precise situation of 
the enemy, gets his death wound in the dark, at the hands 
of some of his own pickets. His loss left the battle incom- 
lAete, in spite of its stunning blow, and the melancholy 

.1 ne^\'s uQected the Confederates in tlie same way that the 

fulfdlment of the various omens predicted, before Tro\' 
could be captured, affected that city's defenders. On the 
other hand, if Jackson had not been wounded, as he said 
on his dying bed, ••the enemj- would have been obliged to 
sui-rcnder or cut his way out." 

On the next day, Stuart, in Jackson's place, bore down 
and pressed back the Federal right wing, Avhile Lee on the 
op])osite side, hammered away at Hooker's centre and 

i ;ijMl^i-..» ft 

17 S A Soidi'T'-^ Story of the "Var. 

k'l't — furrln-- i);ick two cnrpr:^; or nn^ ;i Xortherir' hi.storiaii 
expresses it, ■■tlie line ii.''!li'd iiwiiy. anu the front apj)eare(l 
to pays out." Kar.oor!^. wiio alone iield out, boii;an to 
Avaver at lU a. m., w'ncu ■■ the Couleileratcs sprang forward, 
and seized Chanuellor\ iihi." 

Frederic ksbiu-g during this time had been left Avith a 
small farce of fiA^e brigades, inchidmg llie 1st and 2d La., 
and thi-ee- companies oi' the Washington Artillery, Avho 
had been ordei-ed from (.'hesterfield three days before, to 
the crest of 3Iarye's Ilill— -their old battle ground. Barks- 
dale Avas still Avith us. The latter, Sunday morning, in 
vicAv^ of a movement by S.dgAvick's corps, on this part of 
the line, wcrt' reinforrid b\- Hays' Brigade. After three 
failures in otiicr diredions, a powerful assaulting column 
Avas fonr. 'd lo carry the hill by storm, AA'hich l(;'at Avas 
linally achivA-ed, though "• under a A'cry seA'ere fr-'C that 
cost Scdg^'.ick a thousand men. The Confederates made 
a saA'age haiid-to-haud iighlon tlie crest, a.nd OA-er the 8 
guns." As there Av;is oiily in reality two regiments, (less 
than 2tU)() ujcn) assigned to the support of our artillery, 
and the attack Avas m ulc by tAver.ty-two thousand of the 
enemy, (according to ^'ei1-;\\ iek's rep(.rr,) it Avill not appear 
surprising that the Avorks Avere Imally captured. The 
guns Avere worked desperately to the last, and Avere faith- 
fully manned by their cannouiors, Avhen six pieces 
Avere surrounded, and the giuis and caunoniers made pris- 
oners — nio.->t of them unuir the connnand of Capt. .S(piires 
and Lieut. J], Owen. A large pro^iortion of the gallant 
IStli and a part of the i:i>t ML-s.. were taken pri:-onuis at 
the same time. 

SedgAviclr now couiiuciicd iuo\ ing on tlie slcmliT Ini- 
gades Avho had been relaincd here by Lee to make up a show 

'•Swintiiifa i;i>;,,Tv ol tlir Ariiiv '..'I' l!n; PoliiDiin;. 

! Il.iin-! 

,.. ;, ;,,, 

•.,1; ■( 

> .niism Yjli/l 

ft • ' ^ ' 

,;,l ."IT- ■"•■•'>7/ 

A Soldier's Story cf ihc War. 179 

iK'Ibic the eucaiy, and retain his line of connnunicatiuiis 
Avilh Kichniond — Early meamvhile retreating sslovvly 
towards Lee. He did not do so long — before the day was 
0VC1-, a sutlicient force, McLaw's and Anderson, were 
jjromptl}- sent back to Early's support. The shock occurred 
at Salem Chapel, and all that need be said about it, was 
that Sedgwick was checked that day, '-with a total loss of 
7M)() mc'u."* Marye's Hill was re-occupied the ]iext\lay 
without any difiiculty by its former possessors. _ 

On Monday night, May 4th, Sedgwick being surrounded 
on tliree sides, and hard pressed as to his communications 
^ I \\-\u\ the river, took advantage of the darkness, and was 

I- 4 fortunate enough to safely withdraw his troops. 

I I Lee having cleared, as it Avere, the brush^^•ood from his 

I I path, was now (May 6th) with the troops whom he had 

K I recalled, prepared to attend to the case of Hooker ; but 

! I that General was found to have lost all stomach for a fight, 

I 'i and had put th'e I\ap[)ahannock between himself aiid the 

I I enemy. 

Il The result of the matter, and this was about the whole 

1 1 result, except that new material for powder had to be 

6 1 provided — was that the Union loss was 17,197, and 

W the Confederate, 10,281. All of the spoils in the way of 

|i artillery, prisoners, and 20,0U0 stand of arms, fell to the 

t I Confederate arm\-. The victory in short, m as a glorious 

\ I one, but really amounted to nothing, as Jackson disap- 

11 peared from the scene, at the nioraent when most needed, 

|f and the result was incomplete. 

A Soldier's Story uf the War. 



Tlici-e being no other work before him, the army of 
Gen. Le(.' began to stretcli out and lengtlieu towurds the 
Potomac. Longstreet came up from the James. 

A. dim suspicion of some move on foot led to an attack 
on Stuart's cavalry, wliicli was in the advance, at Brandy 
Station, and led to one of the fevr regular cavalry engage- 
i ments whi.-^h took place during the Confederate war —the 

I loss being something between five and eight hundred on a 

I side. This engagement, where the mcTi remained on horse- 

|- back, and used their sabres, instead of dismounting and 

■ '-grabbing hold of roots," as the infantry would sometimes 
derisively speak of what they called the "Butter-milk 

: iiangers," did much to raise the popularity of the cavalry, 

though it waned afterwards in spite of hard and arduous 

service, with the weai'Jng out of horsetlesh and the 

increase of Company il. 

i Our line having meanwhile lengthened until it reached 

from Fredericksl^urg to the Valley, Ewell suddenly 

pounced down, on Wineliestcr and stormed its heights, 

l_ taking 4000 prisoneiv, and a large amount of war 

I material. 

I The A\ay in which this was accomplished, according to 

I Gen. Early's report, was liy an assault made on a hill to 
I tlie NortJLvrest of the enemy's works. A position ha\ing 

.| been sideeted — tliat is, the side from wliich the attack 

I should be made, p]arly led his guns and ililantry by 

\ obscure jiatbs to witl)in a short distance of the hill to be 

■ [ stormed. His movements thus far liad been concealed by 
f_ the woods, and he had been fortunate enough to miss 
I meeting any of the enemy's scouts. Meanwhile Gordon 

.:■■( -^i,. 1. 

A Soldier's Storij of tJie War. 

had been making au advance from the opposite side of 
the town. ' 

Jones' Artillery (twenty guns) were now put in 
readiness to support the charge on the storming side, 
and Gen. Hays' Louisiana Brigade, which had many times 
before enjoyed the honor of being selected for similar 
work, was put under cover, and allowed to gaze at the 
hill in front, covered with recently felled timber, at 
the bastion works with which the fort was crowned, and 
at the two lines of breast work further beyond. 

It was now au hour by sun, and the men were burning 
witli impatience. I'-wice Gen. Hays made ready to move, 
and was detained by Early's orders; a third time the 
detaining order was sent to him by Early, who could 
not believe but what the enemy were keeping a better 
look out than they did. But fmally the twenty guns 
opened simultaneously, which -svas the lalsser faire for 
action, and the next moment, before the enenn- had 
reco\ered from his astonishment at seeing troops in this 
direction, and in spite of orders. Hays and his men were 
crawling through the bruslnvood, and up the steep slope. 
'■ He drove, says Gen. Early, the enemy from his fortifi- 
cations in fine style," and with some of his infantry who 
had been purposely for such occasions, trained as cannon- 
iers, he opened with the enemy's own rilled pieces, thus 
preventing all eflbrts at recapture. The enemy aban- 
doned the whole town the next morning — Gordon's Ga. 
brigade being the first to reach the main fort, and pull 
down the flag tlying over it. The infamous Milroy lied 
towards the Potomac, but too late to save his infantr\\ 
who now found themselves intercepted by Joliuson's di\ i- 
sinii. Twenty-five guns were captured, and only a ii:\v 
hoi'semen, wlio were with Milrov, succeeded in reachiiu;- 

Jt .'f, h :,:m .,• .:•:■.■■ 

.;.]::, • :■ V 

182 A Soldier's Stonj of the War. 

the opposite side oT the Potuinae. Gen. Early justly 
speaks of it, as " a must hrilliaiit exploit. " 




jreamvhile, our ))attories reiiiaineil a few days at Stau- 
nard's Farm, grazing the horses. We then marched (Oth,) 
past the old Wilderness Tavern, and crossed the Rapidan 
at Raeoon Ford, with Gen. Longslreet's corps. Our rotul 
led us on towards Woodville and Winchester, and through 
Spen-yville and Little Washington. After then crossing 
the Blue Piidge at Chester Gap, we passed through Front 
Royal, to the hanks of the kShenandoah. Meanwhile, 
rumors of another invasion campaign were daily increas- 
ing in prohobilit\, which the victory at Winchester 
tended to coniirm. After crossing at Morgan's Ford, 
we remained at Millwood, which was with the sur- 
rounding scenery the paradise of all camps, and soon after 
took Tip the line of march through Bunker Hill, and 
again into Maryland. The move north of the Potomac, 
was regarded with niucl: questioning by the army, though 
its danger gave it a risk that soldiering on a worn out soil, 
did not possess. At an\- rate, we crossed the river in ^atis 
cidoife style, like so many King Dagoberts, nnd then 
marched through Ilagerstown, to Greencastle. IVnn. 

It was difficult to say which was the most surprised, 
the farmers who scarcely knew of the war, or the Southern 
armv, at the worldly thrift, agricultural comfort, and at 
the same time thoroughly Ba'otian spirit of these (as we 
then called them,) ".Penn--ylvania Dutchmen." There 
was nothinii' of course to correspond with the inagnifi- 

!, i, . jrnlr 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

cent cotton and sugar plantations of the South, which 
t;ometiiues were tilled by a thousand hands before the 
war; nor, with those old plantation chateaux, which the 
t traveler on the Mississippi sees nestling among orange 

groves and tropical foliage. But the farmers we now saw, 
though not possessed of great means, had excellent habi- 
tations. Their ignorance of anything but tilling the soil, 
to a soldier ajipeared astonishing; it was however exceeded 
by their prejudice and bitterness. 

Lee's orders, much to tlie disgust of the army, were not 
to plunder or in any way destroy private property, and 
passes when we reached the neighborhood of Chambers- 
burg, which we did the next day, were now not ejisy to 
obtain. It need not however be stated that all of the 
cheese, whiskey, and other articles with which the country 
abounded, were not entirely left behind. For several days 
indeed, our commissaries tolerably well supplied us Avith 

It was raining torrents all day, on the oOth, as we 
marched over splendid roads, and through fine moun- 
tain scenery ; but on the hrst of July, we followed Hill 
and Ewell towards Gettysburg, who were then driving the 
enemy through the town, and while awaiting orders, our 
men watched with great anxiety the battle, wliich we 
cuuld partially see, in fruiit of us.* 

^Extract from the note l)ook of one of our men: "Part of the time during 
our halt. I was talking to a scowling farmer. He asked me in response to some 
remark about climate or healtli, if 1 knew anything of medicine, and when 
1 shook my head, he attrihuted my denial to unwillingness to do him any service. 
I then, observing his disappointment, told him what was the truth, that [ iiad 
r-ad medicine to some extent, but was no practitioner, and asked liini what he 
wantid clone. He led the v. ay silently to a room where a young lady was rcclin- 
■ ».', auda.skeduie to assist her.ifl knew how. Both the young girl and iheold 
man himself were obviouslv onlv half dead with terror, and I thought it most 
miud-natured tu assume all" the dignity of an experienced .M. U,, and in this way 
••Qde.wor to alleviate her terror. I accordingly examined her tongue witli great 
importance, felt of her pulse, and talked learnedly about valerian and ilii/Uiili.-', 

■lir/; (riiii 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

neither of nhicU 

I knew 

was It 

like Davirl Cop| 



weak branJT and 



while I meanwhil 

e show 

ed the 

from the balb or 

the reb 

oU thei 

exculleut phvsici 

n, aii.l 

to she 

reartilv consenud 

to 4rii 

kins m 

*The following 

i- trom 


The enen,y w. 
K-f-re ill a verv c 



ver.- 1l' 


\e< tO'jetber, eaptiired 1 "00 prisonora ; two pieces of 
ul E irlv's l.>ii isiou. No otiicr tiooips th:ia those of this 
all. [,<.'e I ie.i. Swell's report of the second army corps. 
His .-tatemeiit about (Vnieterv Hill, and the re^ison 
•d. is s.lbita-iliallv Ihe same ns Is here given Kinber on. 
lin- the earnest appeal made hv [lavs, for a pionit.t 



The battle ot Gettysliurg was brought on without boino i- 

anticipated by either of the contending Generals. It was i\ 

like an accidental fight Avhich starts at a street corner, and |i 

which becomes "free" all around. It was decided oppor- -i 

tunely, though with but little in the way of result, by the | 

lucky arrival of Hays' and Gordon's Brigades, under i 

Ewell, from Yorktown. when aftairs were in a very critical | 

condition. By their desperate chai-ge, and by the pene- I 

tration of a weak point in the Federal line, they with |' 

Khodes' Division captured or totally routed all the Federal |^ 

troops on hand. Those who escaped, were driAcn back f; 

and huddled together on the heidil.'^, north of Gottvs- r 

burg.* This was the first feature of the fight. The most I 

important consequences, the fruits of most value, which | 

should have been gathered, were lost by a neglect to seize | 
the Cemetery Pddge, which commanded the_situation. and 
which wa.s the turning point of the battle. 

II the house; and a:, a last resource I suggested, 
3ekeeper. to restore her forces, with a little 
old man hunted up the brandy with alacrity, 
young- Uirty that she was in no danger, either 
niselvcs. I think I proved to both that I was an 
:iw that I had confideuce in my remedy, I very 
ivsclf what remained., 
rrwet! . 

i;j bodies of troops from the town, and affairs 
on, when -Maj. Gen. Early coming np, ordered 
ward fiordon. who liroke Barlow's Division, captured Gen. linrlow, and drove 
■ whole back in a second line, when it was halted. Gen. Earlv now ordered 
Hays' and Hokes lirisrades, on Gordon's left, and then dro'vc the cuemy 
•ripitately towards and lhrou;j;h the town, lust as Rnnsom broke those in lii's 

, t ., it 

A Soldier's Story of the V/ar. 185 

This halt and neglect to take the afterwards so f\imous 
orescent-shaped ridge, after Hays had marched straight 
into the town, when fifteen minutes further of advance 
would have finished the business at a blow, is thus 
explained : 

Hays had received orders through Earlj- from Ewell 
(though Lee's general instructions subsequently were the 
reverse,) to halt at Gettysburg and advance no further 
than that point, in case he should be successful in captur- 
ing the place. But Hays now saw that the enemy were 
coming around by what was known as the Baltimore 
road, and were obviously making for the strong Cemetery 
ridge, immediately north of Gettysburg. The ridge in 
question meant life or death, and for the master}'- of it, the 
battles of the 2nd and ord of Jul}-, the days following, 
will have to be fought. The Baltimore road referred 
to ran at the foot of the hill for several miles. Conse- 
quently, owing to the long detom- \-,"hirh the enemy were 
compelled to make, it was obvious that they would 
not be able to get their artillery in position on (.'emetery 
Hill for one or two hours. The immediate occupation 
of the hill by the Confederate armj-, who were in a posi- 
tion to get tliere at the time refeixej to, witliout nmch 
oppo.sition, was a matter of vital importance. Hays 
recognized it as such, and promptly sent word to Early. 
The latter thought as Haj's, but declined to disobey 
orders. At the urgent solicitation of Gen. Hays, how- 
ever, lie sent for Gen. Ewell : when the latter arrived, 
many precious moments had been lost. But tin- enemy 
who did not see its value until the arrival of llancoclc on 
the scene, had not yet appeared in force. 

If Gen. Ewell will now act. the Confederates will have 
ihe frowuim;- hills, aii-uinst which l)rave men mav throw 

I'l.!// •, •:, ; ,;!; •( 

Jr. -d !•.; 
u.l 1;;: 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

awav their lives bv the tLousaiids without success, for 
their oavii furtifications. and the two days of bloody fight- 
ing, will either take place at Philadelphia or Ilarris- 
burg, the Capital of Pennsylvania ; or the result will be 
on the Gettysburg ground a certain victory. If Ewell 
makes the right decision, there will be an overwhelming 
feeling in favor of allowing the Southern States separa- 
tion, without further war. 

Unfortunately, Gen. Ewell, while .sharing Hays' con- 
\-ictions, thought it better to wait a little, until Johnson 
came up. and meantime the precious moments, whose 
Aalue Jackson knew better than any man, are Ujing. 

Johnson gets up finally-, and Lee is pressing for an 
attack. But now, there is a new delay : the enemy appear 
to be making a demonstration, to one side or the other. 
At last; this is discovered to amount to nothing. Still 
the evening has come, and so the attack must be post- 
poned until to-morrow. 

Ewell laughed at Hays, when he appeared so anxious 
to make the attack, and wanted to know if his men 
would never have their bellyful of fighting— if they 
could not wait a day. Hays" answer -svas, that it was 
with a view to prevent the slaughter of his men. tluit he 
wanted to make the attack at once — aiid was unwilling 
to thruv,- away their live,-- if the heights vrere alio wed 
tu be defended by guns and breastworks. But so it wa.- 
to be. That very night, the Louisian;i Brigade, as the 
HUM! threw tlieuiselves despundingly on the ground, (for 
soldiers know now as well as their generals, when a point 
i.- lost or made.) were startled by a rumbling noise. 
I'aiut at first, hut which eoraes nearer. The heavy guns 
are bein- dta^--rd. up to the oiest ol' the hill, and will tell 
their own tah- e'U tlu' mor.row. The sound of the oiek- 

le im>f' 


r -.1 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

axe and spado arc heard — the eiieni}- are shoveliiii'' up 

breastworks and trenches, which will protect those who 

are to live. Still useful, when the battle is over, these 

; trendies will answer equally well for the graves of those 

." u'ho are to be left behind. 

The fol]o\\'ing day, (^Julv 2d,) dvaa^ed on: it was the 

last for many tliousands, and they waited impatiently to 

know their fate. An unbroken stillne.->s prevailed until 

late in the afternoon. But the loss of opportujiity' 

yesterday, nntst now lie replaced, and gi-eat masses of 

men are to be put in motion. 

t The result of this day's struggle, (the 2d,) was an 

* attempt to repair the mistakes made the day before, ly a 

' desperate charge of the whole of Longstreet's line. The 

,' Texas brigade, sweeping back from Peach Orchard to 

I Round Top. succeeded ])y a quick movement, in wedging 

I itself in between the Federal left and the latter mountain 

1» — thus cutting off the Federalline of retreat, and enfilad- 

ing the ejK'iuy's line, if the brigade could have been 
sustained. The positioii was however saved to tlie 
Federal army, by a bayonet struggle, led on by Warren. 
Hood who did not see that Round Top itself was nnoecu- 
pied, was forced to give back. Longstreet wedged into 
every crack and crevice of the enemy's raidvs. and gained 
ground ; Init the result was unsatisfactory. Meanwhilf. 
at the opposite end of the line, the same attack and 
repulse were being repeated by Hays' brigade, as will now 
lie shown in detail : 

The attack nn tins wing connaenced about dusk. Hays' 
and flokes' Brigades bein,-' assigned to the work in baud. 
and moving directly tiirward against C'eineterj- Hill in 
their front. 

hereupon charged over a hill, into a ra\iiie. 

A Soldier's Siory of the War 

AAliere they broke a lin.' r,r the enemy's inlantry, po.stod 
bohuid a 8touo wall— up tlie steep feco of another hill, and 
o^■er two lines of l»-ea.stworks. eapturing several batteries of 
ai-tillery. Tliose works were held until finding that no 
attack w^as made on the right, and heavy masses of the 
enemy a,dvancing, they reluctantly fell' back, brinoin'.. 
away with them, 75 to 100 prisoners, and f.jur standi of 
captured colors. 

Gen. Lane, commanding Pender's Division on the riojif 
was asked by Ewell, at this juncture, to co-operate/k.t 
made no reply. xMaj. Gen. Rliodes "did not advance 
for reasons given in his report." Had it been other- 
wise, from the eminent success attending the assault 
of Ilay^ and Avery, (though that latter callant com- 
inunder of Hokes' Brigade, was the only 'one of his 
conunand, according to his own statement, who went into 
the enemy's works,) the enemy's lines would have been 
••arned. The above statements are from Ewell's report. 
The truth about the charge on Cemetery Hill, on this 
part of the line, was that Hokes' Brigade r.dvanced oidv a 
lew hundred yards, breaking „n the first hill under 'an 
almost internal fire, in spite of the gallant eflbrts of Col. 
Avery to lead them on. Averv himself went into the 
enemy's lines and said to Gen. Hays : -I am here without 
luy command. I wish you to remember that I at lea<t 
have reported in person." 

This position was finally yielded to superior numl»ers. 
About the hour this attack v. n^ made, a little alter du^^k 
the batteries of the Washington Artillery were sent lor 
111 liot haste, and as soon as th,- oi'dei- was received, >ve 
went tearing to the front, uvei- tre,.s an.l stmnps. an<] with 
innmnent risk to the cannonlers. mounted on (he seat-. 
"f being ciaished. We were not. houever. ordeivd 

A SoMwr's Sionj of the War. 189 

to 1)1)011 fire. xVlthough the enemy had lieen taught 
hi?; weak point?!, and had shown unusual readiness in get- 
ting to the point assailed, which was in reality easy 
to be done with a line of only two miles in length to six 
on the part of the assailant, yet as the Confederates had 
driven back the enemy and all the trophies of victory 
were with them, it was resolved to make one more final 
throw of the die. and to rencA" the fearful assaults of the 
two preceding days. The point aimed at now — the 
attack on the wings having failed of decided results — 
; .. was to pierce the enemy's centre. 

I I . At two o'clock on the morning of the eventful day, 

|f (Julv -jd) our batteries were ordered to take what 

ft proved to be our final position for the great battle. The 

If ground was covered with the slain of the preceding days' 

I i fights, who had been left behind in the forcing back of 

I I the Federal army, and their groans would have been 
I ]. enough to have disturbed the consciences of even those 
I J who had no risks themselves on the morrow to encounter. 
\% One of the statements made to me afterwards, by Lieu- 
ii tenant 11 — . of the ^^ ay in which he passed the night, was 
l:| that having no blanket, he had concluded to crawl, as 

;| was frequently dom-, under the covering o^ another sol- 

I dier. Re remarked during the night, that the man seemed 

fvery coli] blooded, and the next morning when he woke 
up and looked arointd, be thouglit so more than over, lie 
understood the situation at a glance. He had li'-en sleejung 
y all night with a corpse. 

■f ■ The fight commenced in the morning, at an early hoiii-. 

iS with the roar of artillery from thi.' enemy's guns, nnsl wa< 

as hoi a< any we had ever })i-evionsly encountered — the 

more so because our own guns n\rauwhl!e reuniMicd slkait. 

; In a W-w moiinMUs. two of the Third coiup.'inv's fniest 

.!,. ■ I 

190 A Soldier's Story of the War. 

horses, and Smith, tlieir driver, were killed.* Joe Norcomb 
of the Fourth, was wounded. The fence behind us was 
finally torn down, and the internals of the caissons and 
pieces widened. At a given signal, it was arranged 
about 1 o'clock p. M., that all the guns of Longstreet's 
corps, (135) should open, and that Pickett's Virginia Divi- 
sion, supported by Heath Wilcox, and Pettigrew en echelon, 
j were to storm the enemy's work, while the latter, mean- 

I while, would be demoralized by our artillery fire. 

At 1:30 Longstreet ordered Col. Walton (now chief of 
liis artillery.) '"to open fire with all the guns from right 
to left." The signal guns previously agreed upon — " two 
fired in rapid succession by the Washington Artillery," 
were now discharged, and were promptly answered by 
the roar of 220 others — one of the greatest cannonades 
ever made in the world's history, and the greatest on this 
continent. The enemy's fire slackened after thirty minutes 
from the number, as ofiicially reported, of caissons and 
amnumition wagons we exploded; but shells still ploughed 
through our ranks with tei'rible effect, one of them set- 
ting fire to a hospital and burning up in the fiames a 
great many wounded. Many of their guns were disabled. 
and soon the blinding battle-smoke gave place to the 
•stillness of death. Now had come the decisive moment 
when the gloomj- presentiments -which had been pressing 
[ upon Gen. Lee's men were to become facts, or be dissipated 

I like the sulphurous wreaths above us. 

\ I speak of presentiments, because the night before. v,heu 

[ we had taken our place for bivouac on the corp.'-e-Luvered 

[ battle field, there rose beft)re us. what we :it first thought 

was a clouil. black and threatejiinu'. but wliioli we soo)i 

i'i K 

■J iLi,7 ^'At 

A Soldier's Story of the War. ]9J 

discovered were the mountains behind, or on which tlie- 
Federal left was posted ; protected, we discovered, too, on 
the morrow, by breastworks. In regarding this we stared 
at each other in amazement. Still the men believed so 
mnch in themselves, that when the storming divisions 
moved off, we did not fear the treachery of fortune. 

As Pickett's Division pressed on by us, or rather along 
side of us part of the way, the men realizing the certain 
death that awaited them, and too proud to falter in doing 
wliiit they considei-ed their duty, were heard some of theui! 
saying "good-bj^e" and the fixed look in their face, showed 
that they had steeled themselves to certain death. Then 
the flag station signaled, and the whole lined moved. 
McDonald at AVagram, was eclipsed. There was a mile 
of ground to get over, and tJie storm of lead from their 
jl enemies in the breastworks, laid them down by scores. 

'(,1 ^leanwhile what was the most extraordinary feat of the 

|| war, the third company battery charged as far as the 

^1 ground admitted, with Pickett, finally maintaining a posi- 

' ■ tion far in advance of any other Confederate guns.* 

Heath's Division emerged from the woods, en echelon, as 
was ordered, just as we heard a yell which told that our 
colors had been successfully planted over the enems's 
I j fortifications, and eleven captured cannons. At that* 

[| moment, Pettigrew's men, who were raw troops, and so(m 

after. Heath's Division, broke under a tlaiik lire, and 
retreated in confusion. Pioivctt's position, which is now 
being charged by a fresh division of the enemy becomin- 
critical, and his men l)eing unable to hold theii- ground 
loll back by order. 

This settled the day, and the hopes of nuiuy of the 

24 , 

'irno ■ -10' Uf 

KMiirj,- ■■ ■■!. ((< 

192 A Soldier's Story of the War 

Confederate army. The crest of the hill soon became 
almost deserted — there being present only four pieces of 
cannon from the Washington Artillery which still retained 
their original position. These about dusk fired a shower 
of shots at what appeared to be an advance movement of 
the enemy — the last shots that were fired upon that fatal 
day. * 



During the whole of this jnemorable day. and part of 

i the preceding, the men had nothing to eat, and . Avere 

I. very often without waier. 1 succeeded at one time, in 

satisfying tlie pangs of hunger, by eating the fruit from 

a cherry tree, which cither hung close to the ground. 

*At 6 P. M., we heard a long ani continuous Yankee cheer, which we at first 
imagined was au indication of an advance ; but it turned out to be their recep- 
tion of a general officer, whom we saw riding down the line, followed b_v about 
tliiity horsemen. Soon afterwards I rode to the extreme front, where there 
were four pieces of ritied cannon, almost without any infantry support. To the 
non-withdr.awal of these guns is to be attributed the otherwise surprising 
inactivity of the enemy. I was immediately surrounded by a sergeant, and about 
half-a-dozen gunners, who seemed in e-\eellent spirit.^, and full of confidence, in 
spite of their exposed situation. The sergeant, [Corporal Coyle] expressed his 
-irdent hope that the Yankees niirrht have spirit enough to advance and receive 
the dose he h:^d in readiness for them. 

Whilst we were t.'ilking. the enemy's skirmishers began to advance slowly, and 
several ominous sounds in quick succession told us that we were attracting their 
attention, and ttiat it was necessary to break up the conclave. I therefore turned 
round and took leave of these cheery and plucky gu 

It was difficult to exaggerate the critical state of affairs as they appeared 
about this time. If the enemy or their general had shown any enterprise, there 
'is no saying what might have happened. Gen. Lee and his officers were evi- 
dently fully impressed with a sense of the situation. 

Gen. Longstreet said the mistake they made, was in not concentrating lln 
aimy more, and making the attack on the 'id, with .'Ii^OUii men instead of I'l,!)"". 
The advance had been in three lines, and the troops of Oill's corps, who gave 
way, were young soldiers who had never been under lire before. The ene»i.<^ 
would have" attacked, had the guns been withdrawn. Had thev done so at th.Vt 
particular moment. immediately alter the repulse, it would have been awkward. 

A Soldier's Story of thi War. jg^ 

or Avhose boughs luid been struck off by the bullets and 
slid). The hrccid we tasted was obtained by some of 
us who, to preserve the streugth of the men, Vere de- 
toiled by Capt. Hero to gather food from the dead Federal 
infantrj-, whose haversacks were furnished with three 
day's ration. It was not the kind of food that fastidious 
stomachs could endure. But a soldier's first motto is to 
take care of his material wants, and the men who reso- 
lutely satisfied the cravings of nature, probably did the 
best service in marching and fighting, and preserved 
longest their health. 

_ The day altogether, was productive of different emo- 
t;ions, from any ever experienced on any other battle 
field. The sight of the dying and wounded, who were 
lying by the thousand between the two lines, and com- 
pelled amid their sufferings, to witness and be exposed to 
the cannonade of over 200 guns, and later in the day, 
the reckless charges, and the subsequent destruction or 
demoralization of's best corps— the fury, tears or savage 
u-ony of the connnanders— the patient" waiting, which 
would occasionally break out into sardonic laughter at 
the ruin of our hopes seen everywhere around °us, and 
finally, the decisive moment, when the enemy seemed to 
he launching his cavalry to sweep the remainhi- handful 
of men from the face of the earth : These were all 
incidents which settled, and will forever remain in the 
memory. AVe all remember Gettysburg, though we do 
not remember and do not care to remember maii\- other • 
of the remaining incidents of the war. Of this latter 
loud, were for instance, our marches a short time after- 
wards from the Potomac, the campaign on Mine Run, the 
I'attle of Eristow Station, (or the third Manassas, as it 
"light be more projierly called.) 

i,.M .3,1' 

,) '!<« ,!t-'ur.i 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

But to return to the battle field, from which at a little 
distance we bivouacked that night. It is true that many 
of us shed tears at the way in which our dreams of liberty 
had ended, and then and there gave them a mucli more 
careful burial than most of the dead received; yet when 
we were permitted at length to lie down under the cais- 
sons, or in the fence coi-ners, and realized that we had 
escaped the death that had snatched away so many others, 
we felt too well satisfied at our good fortune — in spite of 
the enemy still near us, not to sleep the soundest sleep it 
is permitted on earth for mortals to enjoy. 

On the following day duiing a heavy and continuous 
rain, the army commenced its retreat to the Potomac* 

Gen. Imboden was put in the van, in charge of the 
immense amount of captured plunder, and the many 
thousand prisoners who had been taken, and our batteries 
were temporarily assigned to his command. His duty it 
need not be said, was a very arduous one, as it exposed U'^ 
constantly to a sudden swooping down of the cavalry. 
Once they actually dashed down on us, and compelled us 

* Julj 4th. The army comroencp moving thi= evening from of auiuiunition. 

It was hoped that the eucmy migiil attack during the day, especially as this is 
' the 4th of July, and it wa5 calculated that there was still ammunition for one 

(■ day's fighting. The ordnance train had already commenced moving back 

towards Cashtown, and Ewell'.s immense train of plunder had been proceeding 

towards Hagerstowu by the Fairfield road ever since an early hour this morning. 
July oth, Sunday. — The night was very bad — thunder and lightning, torrents 

of rain — the road knee deep in mud ami water, and often blocked up with 
i wagons "come to grief." I pitied the wretched plight of the unfortunate 

I soldiers who were to follow us. Our progress was naturally very slow indeed, 

I and we took eight hours to go as many miles. 

i Al 8 A. M. we halted a little beyond the village of Fairfield, near the entrance 

I ■ to a mountain pa.=:i. No sooner had we done so and lit a fire, than an alarm 

i was spread that Yankee cavalry were upon us. .'Several shots flew over our 

i / heads, but we never conld discover from whence they came. Xews also arrived 

i ' of the capture of the whole of Ewell's beautiful wagons. Xl o'clock we 

y traveled on again (by the Hagerstown road). Tlie roa.i was full of soldiers 

1 marching in a particularly lively manner — the wet and mud seemed to have 

i produced no efl'ect whatever on their spirit.*, uliich were as boisterous as ever. 

■ The same old chad" was going on of "Come out of that hat— I know you're in 

^I'.irnii^liing was U'oing ou in front and rear — Stuart in front and Ewell in rear 

A Scidier's Story of the War. 

to get our pieces unlimbered. Never had the men and 
horses been so jaded, and stove up. One of our juen 
■vvho dropped at the foot of a tree in a sort of hollow, 
went to sleep, and continued sleeping until the water rose 
to his waist. It was only then that he could be 
awakened with the greatest difficulty. Battery horses 
would drop down dead. So important was our movement 
that no halt for bivouac, though we marched scarcely 
two miles an hour, was made during the route from 
Gettysburg to "Willi amsport — a march of over 40 miles. 
The men and officers on horseback would go to sleep 
without knowing it, and at one time there was a ludt 
occasioned by all of the drivers — or at least tliose whose 
business was to attend to it, being asleep in their saddles. 
In fact tlie whole of the array was dozing while marching 
and moved as if under enchanUvicnt or a sj)ell — were 
asleep and at the same time walking. 

Over the rocky tunipilce road some of us had to march 
barefooted, our shoes having been destroyed by the rough 
Macadamized road, or the heavy mud; and those were 
especially sufferers whose feet, my own among the numljer, 
were inconveniently larger than those of the passing 
Dutchmen whom we would meet on the road. 

Scarcely' had we arrived at "Williamsport, Ijefore we 
were attacked by Kirkpati'ick witli a body of Federal 
cavalry who had already harrassed us at Hagerstown, on 
our retreat, and captured some of our wagons. At Wil- 
liamsport, the morning alter our arrival, there was a sudden 
(Uish uud lidtly contested fight. These assailants were 
howeviT, uliiuuitely driven oft', with the assistance of the 
I; ; wagoners, who now slinuMered tlie muskets they had been 

il haulin-. and tbught like Trojans. In this teamsters' IhAit. 

the enciii\ were driven awav without doint;' 
daniaoe. ' 


;rV/: «!/ 

II.';.-, Mill; ,;j; .-ilj-I 

r •).. : ;.-n.;i ,.:h;.?: ilu):.l 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

Lee's army a few clays after reached the Potomac 
Avithout o]ipositiou,, and although his pontoons were de- 
stroyed, and the Potomac uufordable, a bridge was coq- 
structed, and the army on the 13th of July, passed over 
very quietly— the bridges having been covered with bushes 
to prevent the rumbling of the wheels. Ewell's corps by 
this time had managed to ford the river. 



The events that now need only be glanced at in this 
narrative, are. that large detachments were taken from the 
Federal army of the Potomac, to reinforce those of tlie 
West, and to assist in the North, in making the draft. 
On the other hand, the climate of Virginia, not allowimr 
a very active campaign, induced Lee, following this exam- 
ple, to send Longstreet South. This general took part in 
the battle of Chickamauga, vrith our 5th Company of 
Washington Artillery, and his troops greatly contributed 
to the victory at that time gained. The strategical move- 
ment that followed in Virginia, resulted only in showing 
either that none of Jackson's brilliant flank movements 
could now be aimed at, or that the times and the hope?^ 
of the Southern people had changed, and that Lee's ann\- 
never replenished, and always decreasing, could, hence- 
forth, hope for but little, in the way of an ao"ressive 
movement. Lee's subsequent defense of Richmond, 
formed the bi-ightest part of his military reputation, but 
it difiered essentially in its character. i\o\n that of the 
preceding (-ampaigns. 

With the coming of Crant into ])ower, it bccanu' 

li .!! 

i hi'.; I : r 




A Soldier's Story of tlic War. 

obv-ious that some new movement to Richmond would be 
attempted, and the defence of that city and of Peters- 
burg, from attack by way of the James, became a matter 
^ of increasing importance. It was with a view to this. 

; I and to the preservation of our horses that our Butallion 

^ I was ordered to Richmond, and subsequently to Petersburg. 

' ! Our campaigning, henceforth, until the following .June. 

;_ alternated from one side of the James to the other 

, I from Richmond to Petersburg, and finally to the various 

I I forts or breastworks of that closely guarded town. Pre- 

f I vious to going to the Cockade City, we were detailed 

\ I around Richmond u lew days, not for the purpose of 

I I refreshiiig the men, but of resting the battery horses, 
f I which became appreciated with their scarcity, and whose 

good condition was a matter of much more consideration 
than that of a private. In spite of this depreciation, the 
old soldiers improved what little opportunity was afforded 
■ I them to renew their friendships, and to affect as much style 

in eating, living and dres.sing. as their somewhat limited 
opportunities admitted. To show how times changed 
men's conduct, I may mention an incident which hap- 
pened to an old soldier, whose courage was only exceeded 
by his vanity. He cared as little for being coiuplimented 

I I for the former quality, as Richelieu, or Frederick the Great 
i| did, for being flattered as statesmen. When it came 

however, to his dress, he Avas vulnerable as Achilles. 
"What pleased him best of all. was to be promenading 
the streets with a neat walking cane, and to be reproached 
as a hanger-on about Richmond, who had not sufficient 
manhood to do his duty. The more- he v.-as cursed h\ 
sentinels or mud-covered soldiers, who did not know hini. 
the more he was delighted.* 

*A_. one of the reoruiu ivho lia.l recent! v ioiue.l us and «-ho ,-r,m,. m th„ =„rf„,.„ 

.1 Y<i 

\y'^\ tl\u'. !• 
;l j: H »-. ili. 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 

Our camp life at Tetersbiirg was a new rcvebiion to 
neaiiy all of us. The place had not yet seen soldiering, 
and wc were so many Telemaques welcomed by Calypsos. 
One of the latter, a, tall fine-looking young lady of Peters- 
burg, was enthusiastic enough to take the baggage from 
the weary back of a poor soldien and to insist upon 
carrying it upon her own ivory shoulders. It was thought 
among us for a little while that this romantic acquaintance 
would terminate in marriage ; but perhaps it was just as 
well that she married instead one of the first Federal offi- 
cers who came into the city, after its capture. 

We were very advantageously placed, upon our arrival, 
in a camp a mile east of town, and which commanded a 
very large extent of tui'nip producing country. Tlie 
influence this fertile region and short rations exerted on 
the principles of some of the younger and less scrupulous 
members may be guessed at from the fact that one of them 
declined joining the church, during a religious revival, on 
account of the too great temptation exerted upon his 
moralit}'' by a neighboring vegetable garden. 

The citizens all received us with great hospitality, not 
only at this camp Init when we were moved lour miles 

during this short stay, put in nn equally mnijniliceiil appearance, and developoil 
a diflVrcnt sort of talent. lie ilressed in what was considered gorgeous raiment 
at the time, and secured a table at the best restaurant in the town. At one time 
he was upon the point of marrying a beautiful girl who heard with rapture of hi> 
plantation, where the flavor of pork was improved by feeding a hog on orange?; 
so much so that she was ready to agree to live forever, upon such remarkalde 
breakfast bacon. But the order for the batallion came to move to Petersburi; 
— and the marriage was postponed, the fascinating i-ecruit lingering so long in 
the lap of beauty that he scarcely had time to return his borrowed suit, much 
less pay his restaurant bill. lie however lingered long enough for botli parties to 
discover there was some niistake not only about the orangc-fcd liogs, and the 
plantation, but about the character of the lady. During the march to Peters- 
burg-, he consumed his time in swearing he would get even with the w.ags 
of the batallion who had introduced him and let him so badly in, if it was the 
last militavy act of his life; and his excitement and the condition of the roail.-: 
may be judged of when it i.s staled that, by actual count of Umo. he and two or 
three similar characters, shook the Kichtiiomi dust off their feet at the rate I'f 
1!0 miles, for tour hours marching. 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 199 

further away — thiit i.s received those who had horses and 
could come trequeutly to town. Ultimately)' we were 
encamped at "Model Farm," though it might have been 
the model of almost anything else, at the time we occu- 
pied it. 

Our life here in these winter quarters, barring short 
tx)mmons, was the pleasantest experience we had yet had 
of soldiering. Petersburg was large enough to admit of 
every variety of society, embracing, as Pierre Scale once 
declared, some of the most beautiful ladies Jie had ever 
seen anywhere. Richmond too was but a little ways off, 
and there \v;is an excellent public library. Lastly, the ama- 
teur performers gave an entertainment — -''Pocaliontas" 
and "'Toodles" in the theatre of the town, which drew a 
packed hou.^^e, ladies not only from Peterslmrg. l.)ut Rich- 
juond ; and such was the preternatural splendor of the 
occasion, tliat one of the ushers refulged through the 
evening in a })air of S150 white kid gloves. 

What great places of resort were the two hotels and one 
or two coffee houses, the bridge and river bank; and 
towards the last, some of the noble residences vichh" i'ur- 
nished, wliieh a few of us from time to time were permitted 
to roam througli and enjoy — not in any wise to niolest or 
disturb; simply by staring verj- hard at the carved oak, 
carpet and curtains, to bring to our minds that we Itad 
once led some otlier life, than the one under canvass or in 

The winter months ])assed away, with some disaiireeable 
work in the shape of guard muunting and wood cutting, 
and in tbo labor uf grtting the latter to the camp habita- 
tions. Tli<' men did nut nuicli like the itlea of canying 
ureat log.^ omm- stix-p oi- j-ugged ground (Ml their sliouldors. 
• 111(1 beside'^ were thiukiiui' of the oleasant times tli"\ mi-ht 


A Soldier's Story of the War. 

Lave had in elegant society in Petei-f^burg. Disagreei-.hK. 
contrasts vrere natural U- enough in>^tituted bet^\een the 
bruised muscles and blistered hands of one existence, and 
the refined drawing rooms, abounding Avith gay compan\. 
music and dancing on the other. We had become sndi 
sybarites before the winter passed, not only with our own 
batallion, but with Pickett's Division,, anda few other old 
veterans ^rho were thus atTorded a month or so of rest, 
that what with church going, visiting or reading by the 
pleasant fives of winter-quarters, we began to imagine, 
(after one or two little interruptions towards North Caro- 
lina and Lynchburg) that our Capua would last forever. 
It was true that the rations from week to week became 
scarcer, and that anything like hospitality became from 
day to day of more diflicult occurrence. 

One day there was what might l)e called, for the times. 
a grand carousal, a sort of one-horse Belshazzar's displav. 
made up mostly of brilliant officers from the army, and 
at which the display of demijohns was as great as in 
the Irish hospitality described by Lever. A distinguished 
hospital surgeon from Georgia, was the worst victim ; so 
much so, that he was stretched upon the table, the clotji 
thro^^^^ over his motionless body, and the burial service- 
read and chanted over him with great emphasis and cere- 
mony. \Ve Iiad not seen enough of that sort of thing in 
reality, ajid had to do some of it as a joke, by May of 
refreshing our recollection. Besides, we were half inclineil. 
on general principles, to send the doctor to keep compan;. 
with a good many of his jjatients. However, nothing in 
the way of reminders was needed long. Couriers, as tli'- 
spring advanced, began to arrive in camp, and the m<-ii 
were pnt tlirongh, thoii-h not without lovid growling iimi 
swearing, a regular course of inspection and drill. 

:■ :,..,■. II , -.■■ 1(111 '■■:■ 

I' J,: '1 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 201 

Sudcleiily, at all ^ovts oi' Lours, wc began to be colled 
upon to •'biieli up" to cros^ tlie Appomattox or the James. 
We could hear, too, the faint boommgof the guns of Lee's 
and Grant's armies, who were now starting up from theii- 
winter-quarters north of Richmond, and swinging around 
towards Petej-sburg — smiting and rending each other as 
tliey marched, and making ready for the final death grap- 
[)k' which was to l)e completed during the following year, 
J With tlie first guns that were fired about Petersburg, 

i the brilliant society which had hitherto remained about 

f that city commenced to melt away. But it was not until 

I the small trenches had become great mounds and had 

I been leng-thened into miles of fortifications— and until tlie 

I sliot from the enemy's guns began not only to deafen tlie 

I population by their roar but to penetrate their houses. 

h that the streets became altogether deserted by their former 

I '^-dy frequenter,-^ The spurs of brilliant hoi-semen ceased 

I to echo so frequently through fashionable church aisles; 

I ^ and about the only resort for which soldiers showed much 
I predilection, was one of the old finely furnished saloons. 

I Tlie t)-aditional eofi'ee-housc pictures, with their voluptuous 

I and hnpossible beauties still hung on the walls; the glasses 
|| and bottles still glittered; and it is pleasant to rellect that 

II 'luring all of those Idug months of Ijombardmentonemaji 
|| still i-emained beliiud the countei- with neat cufis and hair 
I parted in the middle, reaily to administer to the wants of 
I liis thirsty fellow-num. 

Xevcrtlieless, the sup})!}- of stinudants was ;it a low 
<'l>li; and it was duly in the days when there did not seem 
to be a hundred p'Mq.lL- in llie streets, or iindfi- eii-cuin- 
-lanees of the most mysterinns secrecy, that one coidd 
I'i'iictrate into the >piritiiuus twilight ol' the iimer side, 
and oiilv one or two at a time, it was like waitin-' at 

.!, .-:t,-' '■> .1 - "^ ■! 

202 A Soldier's Story of the War. 

the pool Jbr the troubling of the waters; and once tlir 
A-isitor had paid his two or three dollars, and swrdlowed tin- 
moderate amount of Nepenthe allowed him. a door in tin- 
rear opened and he was expected to foot it back or gallop 
back to camp forthwith. It might perhaps be thought that 
the necessity of passing over a field a mile wide, in which 
shells and bombs were constantly exploding, would have 
some infl\ience in keeping the men from having such 
longings. Such however was not the case. 

One of the most singular features about Petersburg, as 
month after month passed on, and the anaconda-folds ot 
Grant's arm}" hugged closer and closer the doomed city. 
was the way in whicli the hill-side embankments would 
be honeycombed into liuman deus and places of sheltei- 
and refuge. In one place it was like a glimpse of Petrea. 
with the houses excavated in rock; in another the ground 
would be cut up Avith such a maze of alleys and streets of 
trench work, that as yon went through theni. crouching 
down and with bent shoulders, you could never tell at 
what end vou would come out of this Daedalus labATinth. 
What made the matter more difficult, was that a regunent 
of soldiers, with fireplaces and cooking utensils, would be 
sometimes encamped of these narrow avenue-, 
whose heads, if they ever stood erect, were certain mark- 
for the Federal .sharpshooters. Stumbling or falling over 
men who were ^\asting away under a sieg(\^thot was kept 
up more thtin a year, all of the fmer and noliler traits ol 
tlie old soldiers seemi'd to dis;>]ipenr. and tlieir thought- 
to be only occupied by their ever preseul misery ami 
wretchedness. r,ut the roll of the drum, or the order 
'-Fall in iiieu," would waken tbeui. and as (ieneral Louu- 
street recently toM me in cun\e)-sation. he ])elieAed the_\ 
steadily improved in -oMieriui: to the end ol' tlie war. 

/M ;■•-... ,• I ,1, 


A Soldier's Story of (he War. 203 



But notwilbstatuliug the' spirit of the men, it would 
have tioeiiied, at first blush, after the decisive battle of 
Gettysburg, tlie loss of Vicksburg, with the South doomed 
to certain starvation, in a fixed time, and opposed by a 
pertinacious general having absolute power over 1,200,000 
troops, that the loaders of the South would have sought 
to hedge in or compromise, and preserve to the land some 
little vestige of property-. Considering that the loss of the 
game was now absolutely certain in a given niunber of 
moves, the question was whether it was worth while topla}- 
it out and submit to the brutality of a checkmate; or to get 
at once the best terms the situation admitted. It is very 
probable that the lattc]' was what Gen. Lee thought about 
the matter, and it is certain from his statements to Gen. 
Gordon, that he had ceased to sec any hope, some time 
before retreating from Petersburg. 

But another year of hard fighting was to be gone 
through with, and will now liave to keep Grant's 
main army from Richmond by the overland route, and at 
the same time defend that city on the South from an 
approach of Butler in that direction with 30,000 men. 

The struggle between Lee and Grant opened with the 
l)attle of the^ Wilderness, which was fought on nearly the 
same ground as that of Chancellorville. In this. Lee 
attempted to shut up the Federal army, consisting of 
100,000 nn^n. in the forest Avell described by its name, 
where moveitu'nt \\ as as diflieult as in a cane brake. Lee 
Micceeded to the extent of puttiuu- -jO.OOO of the eneinv 
/,nr. ,/,^ ro,nhol. 

It was here, where ll\e enemv. \\\ the suddenness of his 

/;:■. ',K,\ (• 

204 A Soldier's Story of the War. 

attack, had broken the line of Hill, that Gen. Lee tem])o- 
rarily closed up the Ijreaoh by leading on the Texas 
Brigade in person, riding himself in front of the lines. It 
was not until the men dragged his liorse back by the 
bridle, and until the brigade shouted tliat they would do 
the fighting if he would stay in the rear, that Lee con- 
sented to remain behind. The brigade was cut to pieces, 
but Long-street now had time to get up, and the line was 
saved. The movements of both armies were thoroughly 
aggressive, and as the ground admitted of no raanoeuvering, 
; fh'ant's orders were substantially to fight it out as if in a 

\ promiscuous row, to strike at everj'thing going. The log 

; breastworks in front of Hancock caught fire, and the fight 

had to be continued through smoke and flame, the crippled 
and wounded being many of them burnt to death or suftb- 
cated before they could escape. The fight lasted tv.'o days 
and Lee's loss was 8,000. 

Grant's second encounter (May 12th, Spottsylvania) was 
still less fortunate for the Federal Commander. Its gen- 
eral character was the same, in the nature of the ground, 
as that of the Wilderness. Here too the woods caught 
fire, and the direction of advance through the forest 
could only be told by compass. One line of Lee's works 
having been taken, was in turn re-assaulted by him in 
\ five terrific charges. Confederate Ijodies bayoneted in 

j these assaults, lay piled upon each (jther, so Federal 

[ accounts sa}', and the woods were black with corpses. 

•; The fight at Spottsylvania was of twelve days' duration, 

I at the end of which time, Grant who had now lost 40.000 

j men, gave it up in despair, of liere making an impression on 

' Lee, and coiiiniL'nced Ihmking towariis llielimund. 

■ i After thirty duys" mai-ching, Hankiim'. racing and light- 

ing, Grant's army attempted to drive Lee hack, June -"'.d, 

,,.,.,! ... . i 

I ; 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 205 

j from the Cliickahoniiny. His jilau was simply an attack 

I along the whole lino. Jlis troops having lost'l5,000 men 

I . in a short time at this battle, and his men remembering 

I I that they had now lost 60,000 by this iree-iight system 

I of tactics, stood still in ranks when ordered to advance. 

I . Grant's loss in this campaign was greater than what the 

r 'i whole force of Lee amonnted to. Still Lee lost LS,000 

men, and there was no way of filling up his ranks. 

Our victories, brilliant as they were, did not deceive 
old soldiers. They were sometimes compared to the 
i winnings of a poker player, who, in those days, was heard 

growling at his luck. Iiecause, ailer winning $.3,000 in 
Confederate money, he lost twenty-five cents in silver. 

On the night of the 12th of June, tlie moveTnent to 
the Southcj-u side of tliC James was begun. 

Having said this much by ^s'ay of general explanation. 
1 shall heie introduce tiie concise record of Lieut. Col. 
Miller Owen, (whose former place was supplied b\ Adju- 
tant E. J. Kursheedt,) of the military movements made bv 
the Washington Artillery, for the following year : 

HaMlum J..„r„.,l : April 15, The comummi has had no s.rnce .iace A„..>ut 
las , and thin.L'S ha>>. gotten a Uttle loose and rusty. Winter quarier. near suoU 
a pleasant phu-. as Petersburg, has demoralized the boys a little. Thcv are novv 
well clad in gray jackets snd pants, and every one has at least one sweet-heart 
among the pretty girls of the city. Trust a 'W. A. for that. 

Horses au.l harness in miserable order ; drills and inspections have been 
neglected all winter. Too mu.'h leisure in camp will spoil the discibline of the 
J I best soldiers, i he men are not disposed to have what thev cunsider'neudlessh 

• ;''«-•'■• liberty restricted, but are all an.xious to join Gen. Lee at Gordonsville- 

I lai-ut. Ool. E-ilileman lu command, in place of Col. J. B. Walt.m. rcsisned. 

I April 16. In c-'.mp at Model Farm, drilling commenced, bu-'lc and roll call 

f '■'^-""'""J- Tall swearing among .fhe men who re-ard all this as an outra.'e 

\4- . '']■ Id Richmond. Hotel board S-.O a day. A month's pav can be erten at, 

; i in three days. ' "■ ' 

•| JX .Mr D.rvi. will not let us go to Gordonsville, but suggests that we be 

plared in the v.orlc^ around Richmond. 

-."•. Drilling and pulling everything in order. 
; .May -t. Looking fjr the Yankees to begin operations every dav. 

:-. Action at last. Ordered by Geu. Pickett lo move our".-iiiis to Tltv Point 
'Jad. All the hnrses in the city are pressed and sent to ns to"be converted 'nio 

ii: -'. ' , / 

206 A Soldier's Slory of the War. 

battery horses : buggy horses, e.spresi horses, in fact trotters and all are made to 
'lu service.* 

JO. Transport full of Federals and five Monitors are reported at Bermuda^ 
Hundreds. Butler in command ; we can look for hot work now. .4fter mufh 
trouble with our new- horses, we go into position north of the Appouiatto.x, as 
follows : 

:;rd Company, in Battery No. 2, City Point Road. 

2nd Company, in Battery No. 5, City Point Road. 

Isl Compauy, in Battery No. 8, City Point Road. 

The Fourth Company under Norcora and Behan were placed with the 2iid. 

.May 6. Knemy reported coming up the City Point lload. 1st Corepany ordered 
h.ick to Pi'tei'sburg with his four gun.?. 

.") p. M. Firing- heard North of the Appomatto.'s; river. Enemy have landsd on 
the south bank of the James, pushed out to Walthal .lunction on the Richmond 
Railroad, and have been attacked and repulsed. Six guns jilaced opposite them 
in position on the Prince George road and Lieut. MoElroy in command. 

The enemy is in great force, and we have nothing to support our guns except 
the militia from the town of Petersburg, and a portion of the 31st Regiment, 
North Carolina troops. 

The militia are jolly cases an'i have plenty to eat and drink; they seem to 
look upon the whole thing as a good joke. 

May 7. All quiet along the lines this morning. Grant is reported fighting 
Gen. 'Lee soi.iewhere near the Itappah.iunock. We are going to have it now 
•hot and heavy." Placed at 12 m. two guns under Lieut. Britton, on the Baxter 
road; two under Richuvison on Jerusalem road. 1 p. M. two Companies Militia 
sent to Batteries 0, lo, II. N. C. troops to Baxter iindJerusalem roads. 

May 8, 2 A. m. Two guns iu battery 10, under Lieut. Britton, removed to bat- 
tery 40. OP. M.. Go on reconnoissance towards Broadway. No signs of the 

Monday, Jlay y, 2 a. .m. One section under Captain Hero of the 3rd Com- 
pany, is ordered to report to Capt. Sturtevant, to attack gunboats on the 
Appomattox River. 1 p. it. heavy firing in the direction of Fort Clifton. 

Col. Jones placed in command of the Washington Artillery and Reid's Ba- 
t.-illion. by order Gen. Beauregard. 

May 10. Gen. Beauregard arrives at Petersburg from battle Drury's Bluff. 

.May 14, 2 A. M. (hir whole force falls back to second line of works. 

Gen. Beauregard, with Colquitt's Brigade and Macon Battery, arrives froiu 
Petersburg. Heavy skirmishing all day along the lines, 4 cannoniers killed, 1 

May 14. President Davis riile.- down from Richmond thi.- afternoon and vi^it- 

May 15. Skirmishing all day along the lines. The enemy have occupied ow. 
outer abandoned works, and keep our lines completely swept with sharp- 
shooting. Assault made on 4th Company's position repulsed. 

May hi. 5 a. m. Artillery opens all 'along our lines. At r):45 a. m. o'lr 
infantry advance over our works and fall upon the enemy all along the line. 

May'ie. The 1st Company. Capt. F.. Owen, sent down tlie turnpike in rear 
of r..' Johnson's Brigade, and engage the enemy's batteries in the road. Kneni.i 
hadlv whipped.f 

1 "p. .M. Willi horses belonging to 1st Company Washington Artillery. I 
brought iu the battery captured by Haygood's S. C. Brigade in the Turnpiiie, an'! 
pr-sented by Gen. liaygood to Capt. Owen, three 2il-pounder [-"arrotts. t"" 

Pntei^hurg win. roiild not nwko up he 
hi.l ;n h.-r Jiiiiiu' n.n.e. or [lailor until t 
Xero— iftl.on, ti. it h.^me^ hive been ace 

r hiinJ t 

le- Jan-, 

o part with a f 
rh:id IMS-.-.!. 
fU with liruss 

•il t.) our n.r the hiitu>5t i«ns:igi-ment 

.,r ill.- 

%-,ir-th.^ giiTW 

A Soldier's Siory of the War. 207 

r2-]uiiin'ler >'apoIeoi!3. General Beauregard commanded in person. 1600 pris- 
o:i/r,-i nken. 

Kr.i lay retreat to Bermuda Hundreds, leavins their dead and wounded on tlie 
fiul !, !ia':;i,'age «a;juns and arms. President Davis visits tlie field. 

[Losses at Drurv's Blulf. on the 13th. Uth and 15th of .May: Ist Comnauv, 
Killed— H. Peychaud, Geo. Chambers, T. G. Siminoas. Wounded— Capt. E 
Owen, slightly ; Lieut. .1. M. Galbraith, mortally; Coiporal S. Turner, Ed. Pev- 
chaud, J. J. Xorment, C. Ros.-iter, T. J. Wiirion, .Jos. .Myers, Captured— .Serg-'t. 
P. 0. F.i/.ende.' L>d Company, Wounded — .M. J. Laphara, Geo. Gcssner, J. X. 
Greeumaji. 3d Coaipanv, Killed— H. Jladd.-n. Wounded— G. Guillotte, A. Guil- 
lotte. A. Leefe, Ja;. Crillv. 4th Coniy.anv, Killed- R. G. McDonald, John 
Faulkes, E. A. M.allard, Ed. Condon. Wounded, Sergt. .John H. Valentine, J. .'=!. 
Hood, A. Xorcoinb, Wm. Martin.— Total lo.?3, 30. The above is the official 
report of Adjt. C. J. K\irsheedt.] 

.May 17, 8:30 .1. 11. Pursuit begins. We inarch towards Peter-sburg. Counted 
twenty-five dead horse? in front of po.sition occupied yesterday by the 1st 
Company Washington Artillery. Jlivouac-ked eight miles from Petersburg; 
Wist and Martin's brigade.! join us to-d.iy, commanded by D. If. Hill. 

.'via_\ icl. ilea,vy skirraisliing in front. 

May U>. Ordered to construct work?, put guns in position, and shell out 
euemy's skirmish line. 

May 20. Assault made ou enemy's line to-day. First line of fortification 

May 21. The 2d, ?d and 4th Companies relieved from duty on tlie lines, and 
sent biicl: to the rear. 

-May 22, 10:30 a. y.. Monitors shelling again. 

May 22, 5 p. m. Flag of truce to bring in the dead lying between the lines. 

28. Return to Petersburg. 

June 2. Reported that Grant was repulsed yesterday by Gen. Lee. 
a 1:15 p. It. Whole command ordered to Richmond by Secretary of War to 

I t report to Gen. Ransom, 

sl 3. Ordered to Botiora's Bridge, Chickahominy. 

J 4. Third anniversary of our arrival in Virginia. All quiet on the lines. 

1^ 15. We apply to .Mr. D.ivis to go over to Petersburg. 

a 16. Firing in the direction of Petersburg. Reported that tlie enemy carried 

I the outer line of works last night. 

I ^ 

*Tbp httter made his esciiri> fr" 

At that tin;e in June, Gcii. Wise was in command at 
Poter.sbnrg — 2200 Iroops. Bu.shrod Johnson wa.s guarding 
f I Bermuda Hundred.s" line from Ilowletts' on the James to 

] I the distance of lour miles. The I'etersburg line was thou 

il seven miles Ion;;-. 

1 1 On the 1-Jth of June, Gen. Baldj Smith attacked 

if Petei'sLurL': Irom the south, and meeting but slight resist- 

il ance would certainly have taken it, but for his lack of 

i| and loss of time. The attack was renewed the 

I next day — 10,000 against 11,000, tlie latter cum- 

\\- nianded bv Gen. Beiuireiiiird. Pelersburcr could still have 

f ..,. 


A Soldier s Sfory of the War. 

IjL'on taken, if Smith had divided his troops and attackctl 
on the unguarded Confederate right. The Federals nuw 
brought up a tliird corps and broke like an avahmchc 
through Johnson's lines, "wliieli had been placed on the 
Confederate left. He "vvas here met by Gen. Gracie's Ihi- 
gade vrho, by Beauregard's order, had left the Bermuda 
Hundreds line abandoned. It was while Gracie's Brigade' 
was forming about sundown, that they found the Federals 
sweeping down upon them, and Beauregard "now thought" 
according to his own statement "that the last hour of tin.' 
Confederacy had arrived." But the orders of Gracie "for- 
ward"' and '■•' charge," were never given to a braver set of 
men. They routed everything before them, and captured 
twice their own num.ber of prisoners, which was 2300. The 
battle raged furiously until 12 o'clock at night, and mean- 
while the road to Bichmond at Bermuda Hundreds was 
left unguarded. At that hour the three Federal cor[i^ 
according to captured dispatches, were hors du comhal. 
Beauregard had previously seized the opportunity to mark 
out a new line, 500 yards to the rear, with white stakes so 
that the brigades could find it, and this became the cele- 
bjated line of fortifications which were defended to tlie 
end of the war. " The enemy in this days' fight," says 
Gun. Beauregard, "'lost 13,000 men, or more than I ha<l 
in my whole force." 

A I'ourth corps under AYarrcn had arrived, wlien Gen. 
Lee started his Avhole army forward. Kei-.-haw's Divisinii 
coming up first, such a warm reception was given to tli'' 
Federals, that they commence forthwith the siege "i' 

Beauregard theii wanted to push Grant into a corner 
of the Apponnittox and James; but Lee after almost co!i- 
senting to this plan, decided to let Grant wear himseli" out 

A SoIdiorS Story of the War. 209 

liy a costl\- series of aifacks. Grunt's previous experience 
huwevcr prevented liim from doiug anything of the sort. 
His quickest method A\-o\dd have hcen to have coutiriued 
liis wliei-1 around Richmond, destroying the raih'oads, hy 
wdiich, with the utmost ditliculty, Lee's army ol)tained its 
supphes. But Grant Avho liad not forgotten Lee's strategy, 
decided ou the wearing out and attrition process, 
involving tlie construction of regular breastAforks and 
forts, and a steady firing and bombardment which lasted 
a 3-eai-.* 

A chance, -which was lost at this time to the Con- 
federate arms, was the neglect of Early, who made a 
diversion into Maryland, to capture Washington. ''Early 
liad then," says Swinton '■ an opportunity to dash into the 
city, the ■\^orks being very slightlj" defended. The hope 
at headquarters, thai the ca])ital could be saved from 
capture, were very slender. But his conduct was feeble. 
Lee founded his hopes on the menace he supposed this 
move ti> Washington would have." Li spite of the 
opportune arrival of the 19th Corps at Washington, it 
required all of Granl's jaoral firmness to Avithstand the 
severe pressure brought upon him to remove his army to 

June 17. Nine I'ederals came into camp this moruirg — all German, French 
and Irish. 

18. Ordered to .''outh side of the .Tames. Reach Petersburg on i'Jth, and 
put in position in the work^ at butteries. 34 to 3S, on the 'JOth. 

'i:>. Ul p. M. Enemy shellinp; the city; sererul womeu reported killed. Many 
buildings struck. No notice vras ^fiven of the shciliug of the city. 

27. Raiu. Enemy continues shelling- the city. 

Jur.e 28, to Juiy 3. Sliarp-shootini: and shelliopc has been going on. Women 
and children nearlv all left. Hospitals have been removed. Our horses have 
not bad a feed of corn this week. 

July 4. Euemv in our front display all their flags along the lings, sliclling the 
city at interval!!. 

July 9. Morgan Harris, 1st Company, mortally wounded. 

* Letter of Gen. Heaurc-gard to Geu. C. M. \Vi!cn.t. 

r I • ' -1 

^1 Soldkrs Story of (he War. 

24. Kremelbiirg. 3d CotnpiiMv, killed Ust night wliiie sleeping in tbc works.* 

30, 5 A. M. MiuL- spruni; on tlie line, blowing up I'eprram Battery, fcMii- :;;,•,:, 
t.v>-enty men and eighteen of llie S. C. Re^imeut. Em-ray maicfs an assanli a:,.l 
occupies our line. Wc took len stands of colors and maiiv jjrisoners, lil:ick und 
■n-liite. Whilcotub and JIaiues, lit Company, and 0. J. Toledano, 3d Couipiiuv 

[The casualties along the line to the close of 1SG4, were: Ist C'onip.uiv. 
Killecl — M. E. Harris, H. Whitcoml) and W. Maiaes. 2ud Company — Wni Aln:!:!- 
dinjjer. 3d Company — Sergt, Kreraulbiirf;-, 0. Toledano. Wounded — Corporal 
Grimmer, D. Koldeur 4th Comjiany — Died. P. Jlooney. 

Murville, the tivin-brother of Le">:estierB Labarre, '(both of the 3rd.) •!•<• 1 
about this time. He wa;- a good soldier, and his nieutal attainments madi- hii,, 
charming company in spite of a slight imjiediment in his speech. Anotlrr 
vouug soldier greatly regretted, and of more than ordinary promise, was Htnrv 

August Ut. Gen. Lee allows Gen. Grant an armistice of three hours to bciy 
his dead, lying between the two armies. 

Estimated loss of the enemy 4000 ; walked over to the Crater, and met tlie ti.i,; 
of ttuce. The Federal officers bring out plenty of good wine and brandy, hi.v;;- 
ries unknown to ns poor Confederates in the ireuch. Negro prisoners bury liie 
dead iu the trench between the lines. 

i'lag withdrawn and all retire to re.-^peotive posts, and bang away again. 

August 3. W. -M. Owen, was shot in the face by sharpshooters, while directijii: i 

the charging of a gun. ^ 

Oct. 12. One-half our artillery drivers are armed with muskets, to put ou diirr | 

at Fort Gregg. Our supernumeraries nil! help itt the same way, defend the iiecs | 

if attacked. * 

Oct. 27. Fighting on our right; lieavy fighting all day. At dark, a regimen: * 

of Federals, that our men on the lines took for our relief picket, entered — b ? 

bold move — the line at our left gv.u, nearest the Crater, and for a time create,'. ^ 

some little excitement. They were suon driveu out. 1j 

Oct. 2S. The attack yesterday by the enemy was evidently intended a> a 
«»/) rfs mam to gain the Sontb.sidc milroad and tbe Appomattox river. Northcru ■& 

newspaper correspondent? - ly f ■ t- , .-s carried si.'i d.iy.^' rations and plui^ty ^ 

of ammunition. It pro\i.; ;; ' ■ ''^:.;n; of eoiirse calls it a "Eeconui'is- 

sance" ; dead and wound, i ' . ■.. >,,i ti;e field. 

Jlarch 2y, 1805, l(j i>. m, li- • . . . , / i-a front of Petersburg. Our lines are 
very weak, hiuing a front of forty miles to co»-er ; our men in the treuches. ■; 

*Kremelbiir^ one of the most houi>r.ilil« men and b«st soMic-rs we h;id. A short tim'^ >>« fon* ^ 

!lt ■ i.- ;i,:-.;... ■ , :', -,;,.■. '■ \v - ■ ' ikrii to Ui.i; K.'s ^rav.-, . ■ : i. \.i '>• v ■ ;,1h came to laini 2 

.:' -^ - ^. ^.- '^ ; ■, . ■ ;. '- ■: •■ . ;■ • - • '■ ',1.' •'. Vl: '.1. ( 

,i,.-;,. .l„i'lV,' , ,: .' :; .',., ,' ': ■.-,.,■', ■ .:.: .|.. '.:..■■,::;.. ^.'-'l." 1,. , ..^ i :,' ■..l^' f 

ly arms, lio was much :itt,-iche(i to it Indy of thi.* citv, of whom he ivii.-i never tired of sprnliio;. f 

r.d whoso riiiR he worn upon bi.-i finscr. After his il-aili. faithful to hi™ nieniorv, she ertetol » f 

eilgious onler ami died a few moutbd after, in the I'crfoniaact of her new Uulios. -;i 

A Soldiers Story of the War. 



The buovanl, liopefiil tone of the army has now dis- 
appeared. Shorl ration.sand the conscrii)t hwv have duiie 
their wor.^t ; most of the old leaders are dead, ami no 
one could discover hi Lee's old veterans, more than the 
smouldering endjers of their former fire.'-' 

The 2nd of April, ISG-i, virtually ended tlie Confederate 
war, thougii the surrendi-r of Lee Avas not made until 
eight days after. 

The concluding battle had been brought on near Peters- 
burg, bj- a desperate and last effort on the part of Gen. 
Lee to assume the offensive. The movement was en- 
trusted at the time to Gen. Gordon, and was spoken of by 
both leaders as almost hopeless, and the last that could in 
any case be made without e.vtraordinary success. It was 
Ijroljablj- a reconnoissance, or intended to open the road 
to North Carolina for a retreat, by causing Grant to with- 
draw from Lee's ri^ht flank. f 

*Geii. Longstrcet suvo, the incu Iniijrovcd in fighting qualities to the ciiJ of 
the war. Jly owu observation was, that they were pretty well starved and 
fought out. The high strung young men who went out witli picked companies, 
■went into the fight witli just as much determination to acquit themselves with 
credit, and ilo thcmie'ves justice, as in their maiden fight. 

f The account of Lees last attack at I'etersl/urg has been given so variouslv, 
lliat I caunot do l.etter lH:re than to record what Gen. Gordon once told me of 
an interview which passed between liiinstlf and Gen. Lee, some time pre- 
ceding the attack. 

Gordon having been sent for, was asked, when he reached Lee's quarters, wh:it 
he thought of the chance.^ for the Couledcratc cause. He told Gen. Lee frankly, 
that be could see no chance at all. Lee admitted that he was equally hiipc!e;3. 
Gordon then inquired why, if he held these conviction-, lie did not nrg" tlu-ni 
upon .Ml. Davis. Gen. Lee replied that he was then al.out ;o visit lliihraoud. 
and left the impression that .Mr. Da\is would he made to uniU-rstaiid what were 
tho convictions of the arinv. When Gen. Lee returned. Gen. Gordon in lils next 
interview, inquired if he had told Mr. Davis, of the true condition of alfairs. 
Gen. Lee said no, and in further conver.sation. gave as an excuse— " Von know 
wliat sort of man Mr. Davis is" — referring doubtless to the well known impossi- 
I'iliiy of shaking .Mr. Davis in any of his convictions. Gen. Lee then inquiri.'! 
if he could see no loup-hule where au aJv.intage couM be gained, or a blow 

A .Soldier'a Siurrj of the War. 

The move was attempted by a midnight attack Avifh 
two divi.-ion.s, who succeeded iu capturing the abattls of 
the enemy, for the distance of a quarter of a mile with- 
out loss. This op})urtunity vras not improved, either (ui 
account of the darkness and the ditTicidty, from the disnp- 
jjcarance of scouts, the Confederates had of discovering'; 
theii way. or from natural \veakness. Wliile the latter 
M-ere }iiip:,i;ing the captured picket line in disorder, thi; 
artillery in the forts to the right and left ojiened on them, 
fresh troops were brought np, and the storming pai'ty 
were compelled to take refuge under the breastvrorks they 
had captured. 

The decisive battle wliich followed two days after, was 
preluded with firing of cannon on the extreme right and 
left, and by the buzz and hum of arriving reinforceraent-s. 
and a great addition to their drum corps and trumpeters. 
Every available man from the Confederate leit and centre 
was hurried to tlie right, leavijig only artillerymen iu the 
trenches and pickets in front. The firing grew liotter — 
the water batteries on the left boomed inces^^antly, and 
the earth shook under the jar of the sound. This 
boonung signified that Grant bad opened his formal 
attack, March 27th, on our lines, and it caused Lee to 
send large bodies of troops to the aid of Gens. Pickett 
and Johnston. The old spirit of th.e men ilamed up, and 
Lee nowdealt Grant's Brigades, in their advanced positions 
on his left, a staggering blow, and at on.e moment there 
was "'• a great fear of another Chancellorville disaster iu 
the I'Y'deral lines." '■' 

dealt. Gordon -n-as more tlian OTer convinced tlial any advaulasQ gainc 
be only nionieiitary, but at last entLTed into tlie spirit of leadiiig' tlu' a= 
the enemy's net work of entrenchments on the 20th. 

Tlio object of this was donhtlcsi, if it hud .'iiccceded, to cause ; 
Icav.j a r(j;'d oj.en for to concjntratc with .Ii.hii^on, in Xortu Caruli 

[ 1,-^ ■^\ !!■ 1 V 

,1..( ..{' 


I: A Snldinr's Story of the War. 

In tlifc next, Lee was ropulsud, and Slieridair-' who had 
coveted Five Foiks, and .several times been repelled hi try- 
hig to seize it, made the most of liiy opportunit}-. Pickett 
and Johnston woi-e nov,- overwliehiied by double their 
force, losing heavily in killed, wounded and prisoners, 
when their flank was turned. 

The night which followed was made lurid with death- 
dealing missiles, and the earth shook under the jai-. The 
next day (April 2d) decided the fate of EichnK^nd and 
the Confederacy. At 3:30 o'clock in the morning, the 
firing conuncuced li'om one end of the line to the other. 
Then ensued desperate charges from Grant's line. The 
attacking force here, Parkes' 9 th Corps, succeeded in 
taking a portion of the breast-works to the right of the 
Crater; a capture whicli was really of no advantage as 
our men could retreat into a line of breastvrorks a few 
yards beyond, and an individual warfare was kept up 
until dark.f 

* Sheridan's presence a' the ti'ne on Lee'? rislit flank was one of the curious 
\ accidents of the v.-ar. In a h-ht in tlie \'alley the Kederal troo|.s hnil been dis- 

I persed by Early with a greatly inferior force with tlie exception of one corps ; 

j just as K-.irlybegau to lose {ground and in turn he hard [ire.sie 1, Sl;(:iid;ui arrived 

\ on the field'by making tlie famous ride of wiiith so much iia-; lacn heard, and 

f was just in time to receive the credit of Early's defeat. He continued a ridintj 

t expedition towards Lynolilnir'.; which did not succeed, and having nothini;; else 

I that he coul.l well do" he came in by the only route open to him vvhieli was on 

Grant's loft ; the second time arriving just at the luclcy moment which makes 

fThe following is the narrative of the occurrences of April 2nd by a member 
of the r.alallion: I was in bed about 9 o'clock when 1 heard the ord"er given to 
tlie infantry to sleep on their arras, as there might be a fight at any inornent. 
1 became so much impressed by this, that f immediately folded up my blanket, 
and made preparations for what I regarded as certain, the evacuation of I'cters- 
hnrg. I ha<l scarcely done so, when a shot burst through my house, and the 
cry of '-To arms — gel to your pieces" was heard. The firing lasted from about 
midnight until ne.vt morning, our 
About day-break we began to .s 

nnoniers replying. 

the enemv and their flag, the latter 0[ 

a> if the color sergeant n.und dilhcul 

■^^^M.rks. AllthetiujetM. i':;.: ;i-. 

- i in the third com; .■: :\. 

<■ ; lapt. Hero had hc<_' ' : ■! 


!r-. A piece was no ■• : ■ , . , !|..ii 
10 had alrearly penetrated ou;- Ihic, or 



214 A Soldiers Story of the War. i 

The Federal Army in iidvancing upon Petei'slrarg Ibiind 
our nrtillerj- corps in the various pUices tliat had been 
assigned them, doing their duty probably a little more 
steadily, I'rom the Ibrce of habit_. in their last field light, 
than ever before, repelling charges — arming their spare 
men witli muskets, and each man working with the same 
pride and cunvictiou as when first mustered in. But the 
time had now come for us to abaiidon the underground 
bomb-proofs that had l^een built ; or the tents and huts 
wliicli ^\■ould every night be lilled with a new supply of 

The Federal riglit, as already stated, had strucic tlie 
Confederate line on the western side of Petersburg. 
Meanwhile, the next corps (^Yright's Gth,) swept, after a 
hard struggle, the scanty brigades Ix'fore them, turning to 
the right, and then with Ord's Corps, who had also pene- 
trated, swung to tlie lelt nearly up to Fort Gregg, a half 
a mile in front of the main line of Petersburg entrench- 
ments. The small force towards Hatch's Run had been 
driven back and into the Appomattox. Besides tlie 
Federal Cr.rps already mentioned, Humphre}- entered 
still further to the Coiilederate right. Tliere is some 
severe ligliting in front until 2 o'cloclc r. m., at which time 

coming over tiiC breastwcrks We now become reiiuced to only two rounds 

of ammunition, and as the enemy were within fifty yards of us. our" case seemed 

hopeless. Just then a fresh supply of ammunition arrived, which lasted uetil 

dark, at which time tlie firincc •gradually ceased. About tliat time, the oriler 

was pivon to leave the breastworks with as much secrecy as possible— which 

■ was done. The bodies of our dead, Coyle, and sotrie others whose names are 

not now remembered, were placed upon the caissons, and as we passed tlirou^'h 

; Pelorsbur/ interred in the Ceiiii-ury. The last rations I ever drew were cooked 

\ while the !: ; _ ■■ - l, •.:._■ '<:,. M,r latter being so lonn; and continuous that the 

I men wocm. i ■ ■'.■'' a hotly pushed, and relieve eacli other at the 

I guns. 11 ,. ■ !i to US to eat until the surrender, I do not 

! now re7i)ei;,: : it .\ !. ;i, !t :! . I corn, or a scran of almost anvthinc; to eat that 

! we found by the way was ail 1 saw. The sheet-iron crackors'that we found on 

the Yankee dead at (jcttysburg, and which some of us then disdained to eat. I 

thoufrht of with envy now, the more so, as, during the time when we were in tiie 

trenches, vali'ius were 50 scarce that many of the men mad.e themselves sick by 

svvallowini.' tolnuxo. in order to e.vperience nausea or indifference to food. 



A Soldier's Story of the War. 

the enomy are seen to Ije advancing ii}X)r. Fort Gregg <nul 
Whitwurlli. Tliere ^vill now be no farther opposition to 
their forw arJ move than can be nunlc by a very small 
body ol' nu'u in two fortifications. 




A dramatic interest atiachod to tlie defence of the I'orts. 
aside from the fact that liore ■wa.s to be the hist stand for 
Petersburg. This was because of tlio necessity of here 
detaining the enemy, who were advancing, wave after wave 

I I around the works, until Longstreet could get across the 

James ; secondly, the attack on Gregg was followed by a 
lull along other portions of the line, and the men rested 
upon their weapons to witness, as at a spectacle of great 

I I national interest, the struggle of Secessia, and the last angry 

I J glare of her ;iuns on a formal field of battle. The number 

of men on the two sides. 214 in Fort Gregg, about the same 
in AViiltworth. and -jniKl advancing against them, illustra- 
ted the comparative strength of the comljatants. Fort 
(}regg was the Confederate LaTourguc. When it tails all 

„ of the old traditions and usages of the South fall with it; 

h; - when the Fi-doral standards wave over it. there is then to 
Ijc centralization, negro go^■ernment. and lour times the 
I'uin intlicted on the South, as was put by (Terman_\ on 

The two forts stand 2[)0 yards in the rear of the 
e.aptnred lin>'. and were built for precisely such ai- 
orcasion as is suggested bv the cheers o!' the adxaiiciu'j: 

it I'nciny, namely, ibr use as a.n inner defence when di- 

ll >lionld overtake the C.infl'derate liiie. Frontin-Cre 

.. .,: // 

2J6 A Soldiei ',s Story of the War. 

a little fort, the hi8t built I.3- Lee, and called bv the iin.n 
Fort "Owen." after the Lieut. Col. ol' that name from the 
Washington Artillery, who was assigned to the command 
of Fort Gregg, and the .surrounding works. Lieut. Battles 
of the W. A. is in '•Owen" with two guns, and Lieut. 
MoElroy of the same batallion has c'un'ge of a companv 
of 62 artillerymen who have been doing duty here most nf 
the winter. 

The night had been sti-augely quiet upon this portinn 
of tlie lines, but towards daybreak the silence gave place 

to a little touch of skirmishing to the right of Gregg 

sutficient to cause the ordering of the infantry and arlil- 
lerymen into Fort Owen, although it. was then so dark. 
that scarcely anything could be seen. Our inflintry tlieiv 
could be bai-ely detected moving in the trenches, toward^ 
what seemed to be the picket firing. As the men peered 
into the darkness in the direction of the tlaslics, solid shut- 
commenced to plough up the earth — the inlantry began 
quitting the trenches and taking to the fields, leaving tiic 
cannoniers under the impression that tlie troops were 
chasing small game of some sort. 

Lieut. Col. Owen, in Jiis report sa^vs he gave orders to 
withdraw to Fort Gregg, and hurried oif to rally fugitive.- 
—a no easy matter — who had already been dispersed In 
tlie Federal attack. McElroy reached the latter with hi- 
men, but Battles not receiving his horses in time, foumi 
himsell' suddenly surrounded, and his command captured 
by the enem_\ . McElroy immediately opened fire fr<jiii 
Fort Gregg with hi^ artillery-infantry. drove themaw:n. 
and then turning his infantry once more back to artillcrv . 
laii down info Inu-t Owen and opened lire with lb'' 
recaptured jiieees on the oicmy. two iiundred yards tohi- 
light. . Horses having been procured, the ])iece< by order 


A Soldier's Slorij of the War. 

were moved fovwanra mile, where the guns fired thirty- 
five roundf; earh. and were then retired to Fort (ncga,-. 
■'^^ Lieut. McEh'o_\- says, in his report, there were two hun- 

■| died men in tlie Fort, who were, with the exception of 

I his command, of Harris' Miss. Brigade, and that his loss 

I vvti.s six killed, two wounded and thirty-two prisoners. 

I Col. Owen proceeds to say : 

1 At the time McElroy was put in position !ii '■ Gvegg'' some gun.? were plKced in 

■^ Fort Whitn-orth, a ik^tached work like " Gregg" and to its ri|lit and rear 

I M.ijor Gen. Wiko.x, vvlio was tiien in Gregg, seeing Harris' Brigade in what 

I lie ili^ju-at a dangt-rc ,. position in Iront. sent his Aid to tlie General to recall 

,* lii.= uu:u to till two t'n-'<, Harris himself going into Wbitwortb, and Lieut. Col. 

;f -'as 1.. !'..!.( .la, uf lUr UJtIi Mississippi, iato Gregg. 

I A.S the enenir advaactd, Mci;iroy was eautioned to have his ammunition ."i« 

I handy as possible upon the platform for quick work. Under orders, Capt Walker 

* hurriedly withdrew the guns fro)U Fort Whitworth. 

S. 1'ho enemy, a full corps of at least OiJUO men, advanced iu three line« of battle 

^. Three times the little garrison repulsed ih.ew. The Fort seemed fringed with 

i' fire from the rilles of the Mississippians. ^ 

5 Tlie cannoniers liravely and skilfully used their guns. The enemy fell on 

f the clear field around tlie Fort by scores. 

I The cap ure of the work was but a question of time. The blue coats finallv 

ffi jumped into the dacli surrounding the Fort, and presently climbed over each 

I others backs to gain the summit of the I'arapets. There was a weak point on 

fl "'"■■ side of Gregg, where the- ditch was incomplete, and over this a body of tiie 

J enemy rushed. Presently six regimental standards svere distinctly seenwavin' 

$ on the Parapet. " " 

The part taken in the defence of Gregg, by the .Mississippians, is thu* describe' 
m the '■■ Vicksburg Times" : 

'■Fort Gregg was hcd.l by the 12th and lijth Mississippi Kegiments, Harris' 
Brigade, luiuibering about l.MJ muskets, under command of Lieut. Gol. Jas. V 
Duncan, of the 19th Mississippi, who had been assiiined hv tkn. H.arris, to th- 
mimediate command of ibat work. The artillery in the Fori was a section of 
3d Co. \\ ashington Artillery, commanded by Lieut. Frank McElrov. General 
Harris, with his two other regiments. IDth and 4t:th .Mississippi, occupied 'Fort, 
Whitworth, ' distant about luu yards, and between that work and the Soutl - 
nide Railroad." 

Gen. Harris, iu a letter designed to be an official report, savs, "Gen. Wilcox 
oidereil me to take position in front of the enemy, and detaiin them as Ion.' as 
possible. With this object in view I advanced about 40U vards, and formed at 
right angles with the Boydton Plaiik Road. The ground beiu- andulatiiu' ■ 
'hre\y.both Banks behind the crest on which 1 formed, and ex[HJsed my cenu-r 
111 order that I might induce the enemy to believe that there wa.^ a co'ntinnuut 
line of battle behind llie ridge. I theii advanced a line of skirmishers well to 
ihe front. The enemy being misled by this device, made the hin,t rareful lii- 
iv.suious. two lines of battle, and advancing with the utmu-i taiition, mv position 
"■•■IS held until the enemy was in close range, when a heavs 

ith sTd 

e heavily and oiit-rc.iching me on nn tianks I u 1 
Whitworth.the li'ih and „n,l."r Col n. ,„,.,. 

21S A Soldiers Story of the War. 

•• TLe lOtli and 48th were placed in Whitworth. 'In Gregg there wj.5 s !<eclioo 
0? till: 3d (,'omp;iU/ Washin^-toii Artillery, commaaded by Lieut. Fr^-i: MrKlriiv. 
frepuratiouj were now made bv the enemv for the assault, and thL^ lime Oii]i'i 
Walker, A. and 1. G. of Gen. Wfilker. Chief of Artillery, came w:;V orders t.i 
withiirarr the artillery, and aa'iiiust this I most earnestly protested. j: 

•• The four guns were v.ithdniwn from Whitworth under protesl: ti: the eneniv !?• 

were too close to permit the withdrawal of tlie guns from Gre^j. PerceirinV ^ 

the gun.^ of Wiiitworth leaving-, the enemy mored forward to ass.f-.;-; us in hotti 
works. He assaulted in columns of brigades, completely euvelopi.-.r jregg, and 
approaching Whitworth c^nly in front. Gregg repulsed assault assault: 
the two remnants of regiuK-nts, which had won glorious honor o:. f i .3\ tield . 
fighting this, their Ian battle, with most terribl.' enihusiasm. a< ; ' / this u. 

be the "last act in the drama for them ; and the utliv.er3 and mei: < ■' lingun. 

Artillers- fighting their guns to the last, preserred untarnisli uicv ot 

reputitn.i; acquired by tbeh- Corps, (Jregg ra-ed like the .;:.■■ . .-Ic^ino. 

around IV-i'-rsburg." 

While Greg'4' and Whitworth were holding out, Longstreet was haitening with 
Fields' Division, from the north side of the James, to form an inner line for the 
purpose uf covering Gen. Lee's withdrawal that night. As soon as Karris heani 
of the formation of that line, ho withdrew with bis little band, c-jtiiag his way 

At i; o'clock that uight the iast man and the last gun of the br..Te army that 
had riefended the lines of V'et'-Tsburg for oue year, passed over -.h-: Pontooi: 
Bridges, and the march commenced, that ended at Appomatto.-c ("car: Jlouse. ! 
have been induced to write the foregoing, of which I was an eye w;-ne;5. in tlie 
hope of rorrrrth, J /Ihtori/. Many accounts have been published o: the iefenc 
of Kort ■■Gregg," but all th;;t 1 have seen have been generally far from the 
truth. Pollard, who showed but little disposition to waste eomp'inients on the 
troops from the Gulf Stato:^, says, Capt. Chew of the fourth Maryli::'? B.attery 
of Artillery was in command oi'the work, and his account is reiterated by many 
others. If he was, it is strange we did not knov." it. A battery of .'lary'lauders 
had in reality been disbanded a short time before the fight, their time harinn 
expired, and they were aw ailing their discharge papers to enable :bem to go to 
their homes. If Capt. Chev/ was in the fort at all, he was simply there as a | 

volunteer or a spectator. ' * 

Vi'e should give the houo:- to those who earned it in this fierce Sght of three 
hours against such fearful odds. Swintou, in his •' Army of the I'oloma-.'' in his 
description of the breaking through the lines on this historic S'-anday. says: 

'•On reaching the lines immediately around Petersburg, a part of Ord's com- 
mand under Gibbon, began an assault directed against Fort Gre^'-j and Whii- 
worth, two strong enclosed works, the most salient and coi:-iTi:i , ■ :• ~ ; vnh o: 
Petersburg. The former of these redoubts was manned b;, i: " <^ii.|H 

Brigade, numbering two hundred and fifty men, and this h-rndt : : : irks- 

men conducted the defence v.-ilh such intrepidity, that Gil)"": -igiiig 

repeatedly against it, was each time thrown back: at length a n-nLv.e.i cliarge 
carried t'he work, but not till its two hundred and fifty defenders had been 
:i-:lnced to thirly.' ' ■* Gibbons' loss was four hundrcdmen " 

Swinton does not mention the Washington Aiiillery iu the fi.rt: he also errs 
in pu'.liug the uiiiuber of Mississippians at J."i(). Gen. Harris says there were K"'. 
these with the ij-l artillerists make a total of 'lH men, and tliese meu put liti" 
ih: ro^uh.d 501) of the eueray, or an average of more than two men each. 

A Soldier's Story of the. V/ar. 



The close of the il;iy (April '2nd,) the most anxious 
that most of the men had ever passed, found Giants 
lines touching on both sides of the Appomattox, and Lee 
completely hemmed in. * A retreat from Petersburi; 
north of the Aj)pomattox, which all feel is a foregone 
conclusion, is now necessary, and Lougstreet's troops con 
only lie nselul in covering' Lee's tlank, while he withdraws 
from his Ijreastworks. The firing meanwhile continues 
during the night from tlie Federal batteries. At f) i". M. 
all of the guns were ordered to be moved across the 
Appomattox. -j- and this was done without any delay, and 
as quietly as if tlie skeleton army had been one of spectres 
and phantoms. The whnle of the night was spent in 
getting out wagons, ariillerj- aiul infantry, and a large 

*As soon .IS Gregg was captured, the Federal signal corps were at work, and the 
cannonading and sharp-shootiny, were renewed on the otlier part of llie line. In 
a moment heavy bodies of cavalry were seen emerging from the Federal's former 
lines, moving rapidly over the captured works and jjallopint;- in squadrons 
towards the .\piuimatto.v, which was some four or five miles off. Tlieir track 
could be traced liy the heavy columns of black smoke that rose from the varicui- 
farmhouses on their route, which had been set on Hre. The infantry who had 
succeeded iu capturino; the fort formed line fronting; the Confederates' right 
Hank, and looked as if they iuicrided marching i)r the rear into Pe'.ersburg. 
N'ew disjiositions were also made along the fonfederate front. i;egiments were 
detached from their position^; alonj the lin > :. ■ - i': i Iiii I t'.i be filled by 
deployment of those remainiuai and sent ■.' : i : . ' : i i ir. confrontinix 

the new rine of ;he Federals. ' Arlillery ,;■ .., .,,.! -Joon Fields' 

Division, with the Te-sacs iu the le.i 1. ■": ; •' ;;. ' 'i::!', and formed a 
defensive line in the rear towards the river. -\ n.triow creek imly divided the 
opposing forces, but the Federals seemed satisfied witli their success now and 
did not advance. Lfr'.i La.^t 0,wju:i,,„, Capl. ./. V. GnrMiin. 

f Lieut. John R. McGaughey, of the lirst company, was captured while working 
away at his gun ivheu our linc.^ were broken. John was a strongly made, manly 
looking sohher. never absent from battle, and always popular with the men 
.\mong some of our worihic-t and most kindhearted ollicers. and wbo.-e con- 
sideration for their men deserve mention, before this narrative is concluili'd. 
were Lieut. Stocker, Dellussy, Apps. Hritton, HatUcs, and lirowii. During all ot 
onr long four years of fi.:hting and hard marching, 1 do not remcinlier the lime 
when they did not show themstK-e- more thoughtful for their men, than tlieir 
own couifoit. Hritton was wnun.hd ,if .Sharp.= bur<.'. DcRnssv at Ch;'iue!lorville. 
r.nd all received honorable mention in various battles. 

220 A Soldiers Story of the War. 

mass of aniiv plur.iler. wliicli as tlio rt-sult showed ',vould 
liavc heeii iiiui h k'tter Idt Ix-liiud. 

Tlip Washington Artilk'r_>- crossed at midnight, (iordon 
I fringing n^ tht- rear. The crossing of the hridge occupied 
tliree houi-s — quick time, and no dehar was given to 
stragglers. ))efore applying the torcli. Petersburg had 
])een previousl}- almost abandoned; but a few sad faces 
ap})eared at the windows, aiid sent out sorrowful adieus 
— to the n)en Avho had so long remained about the 
cit3% that s.'cnied almost their home. To tlie despond- 
ent reilections which the midnight retreat suggested, the 
flame and smoke which hung over the depots and a\ are- 
houses, and the glare from the exploding magazuie, gave 
an additional sombre tint. Still the men e.xperienced a 
sense of reliei- -that of getting rid of sonie liideous dream, 
in leaving behind the trenches, and once more movinu in 
column on tliC road. 

The most sijigular featui-e of the retreat, was the noise- 
less nuuiner in which Lee's army moved from the 
\\ orks. and the fact that the witlulrawal iiot known 
until revealed, a^ it were, to the world, by the blowing 
up of the siege guns and batteries, which had protected 
Fiichmond, and whicii by innumerable explosions pro- 
claim; as with aji .N [)ocalyptic emphasis, that the ( ^on- 
lederate (/apitul was and is. but shall be no more.* 

* According to I'olhird, Gorni;iii, .uid '• Aii L'fficer of the F:ear-guard,'' a sinii- 
liu scene was mfaiiwliile transpiring nt Iliclimond. whicli, so tranquil when Mr. 
I'^ivis receives the futiil dispatcli, and wiilks compo.-edly out of Cbiircli, will 
ill a few moments be perlinbed IVoui top to bottom, and -a fcvT hours hiler l.t- 
n-ru[i])i;d in H:iiiie<;. Late in '.lie afteinciini, wagon loads of Confederate hoxos 
.uid trunks reach the Ihinville dei.ot — hangers on imitaiiiiij the example set them: 
SUM) for a \va;.{on, in fjold. .Ul over the city, hurryin- fugitives. ConfedcraK- 
im.niy is destroyed— gold removed, the liiiuor is poured o'ut as on board of :■■ 
-inKiii- ship— the jruttcrs running' with it. Still retreating stragglers, and rovinu' 
piilngiTS ijet hold of it— op^n stores, ami cover the side-walk with glass. 
Kweil is tiring the lour principal qimrters, or as might be said the Inn: 
i.rnu-ei, warchou-es— ;.nd the i,uii< .in.! >hipping are tduwu up or scuttled : the 



A Soldier's Story of the War. 221 

The ariiiy, now pushed thi-iiugh the darkiiei^:! in the 
diroctiou of Aiuelia C. 11. — tlie dincreiit ami}- eori)s 
uinkiug good progress bj dilterent roads, tlioiigh the wagon 
loads of plunder when united on one road almost destroyed 
all inoveuient. One ominous feature was, that there was 
nothing to eat for man or beast, and occasionally pieces ol' 
nrtillery showed tliat the horses \sere giving out. xlnother 
thing to be noted was, that upon our arrival at Amelia 
(J. PI., the enemy's cavalry commenced dashing upon our 
wagon trains, whose canvass co\ers they readily ignited. plan of operation, was to strike the train, se\eral 
miles long, hre a number of wagons, and' then making a 
circuit, strike it agnin. Three hundred cavalrymen suji- 
poi-led by hirgc bodies moving parallel, thus destroyed or 
confused (he whole train. The burning caissons which 
had been sent on in advance of the artilh.-rw were any- 
thing but pleasant neighbors. ^■■ 

the goviTiiment stores sui;li a break 


» causes the buihliiig to totter to its tl.uDCiatioii.s. 
4 Then the Federal General Weitzcl, who in addition to tlie other horrois ol' 

t f the situation, had b-L'u playing " Yniilcee Doodle " and similar airs, was startk-il 

I J a'' '-ist by the tremendous e.\-plosioii3 of jiowder magazines ; and like Blue Ceaid 

1. i and some other hi.-ituriiral characters, made his sentinel ascend his seveatT feel 

S ; watcli, to see what it was all about. A great light in the direct'ion ol" 

^ I ttichmond, is the answer. ,\ rebel picket was now captured who could tell 

I 4 nothing about his commander — then a contraband, and "finalh-, after davbreak 

S I "'"'tb a sharp lookout for torpedoes, and amid exploding shells, Weitzel. on the .'ird 

■ \ \ 'otle into Richmond, just as the last rebel soldiers were uoing. and Butkr s 

I % fl"?! which he had planted over the St. Charles Flotel of .\c\v (Jrle^ius, \va.= uo\i 

II placed over the Confederate Capitol. President Davis had left with' the Con- 
\ I federate Congress at 10 A. M., though why he thought it worth while to carrv 
»f them^off has never been ascertained; and meanwhile, as if to mark the com- 
> ? menccment of a ne%v regime, the fire is burning out the citv, that is one-third 
>•-'.• of old Richmond. 

i-l '<■ ^^'as Babylon the Great (alien, tor the North, when the telegraph Sasheii tht 

ii5 "«"■«• "N"o unmanly exultation wa-i indnlg<al in over those who hud so nearh 

tif, destroyed the RcDublic. '' Greelev hcii> us\'u\ niribufr. t,, ., ,,,.i,r„ >r,.,^h .,fi-.,.,i: „ 

ed the Republic. " Greeley here paid a tribute tu a noble touch of feeli, 
in the part of the North— one that lie had r.i.i always previouslv been caref 
to observe. 
^ *The Kalliiig Flag. -By the road-si.le was a lady from .Mississippi, wlio ti; 

more mad than scared as she stood there in the mud— ^Hing, pretty' ai 
;! ■^tieulaiiiu'. and she made a pu tare strikini and peculiar, .-is the advui 

222 A Soldiers Story of the War. 

Readiing Aiuoll;:. it was discovered that tlie pro^^siull- 
wliifh should h;nx' hc-iMi in readiness for the army, weri' 
mis.-iuu. Thev had. b3- some accident, been carried on to 
liicliiiiojid. and the army was now without food. Besides, 
tlie great wagon train sent by a ditferent road was de-^ 
troyed. Our doom was now staring us in tlie face. 
Instead of halting to give battle to Grant, there was 
nothing that could be done, but push on and try to reach 

Demoralizatioji, wliicli the accursed slow wagons were 
enough to have efi'ected alone. luid now beguu; the men 
straggled off to get something to eat at the farmhouses, 
and the commands luid dwindled to hundreds;* while at 
night as if to increase the desperation of the situation. 
the strains of triuitiphant music would float over from the 
enemy's brass bands. As we proceeded into the hilly 
country, it began to be hoped that the many ihie military 
positions on eitlter side. w<mld allbixl us st)m<> chance (it 
escape; and so (April Gth.) we marched all day and all 
niglit. It was a race for life, iiir men who were hungry, 
and Wn- gaunt-loolcing lun-ses \\ ho were dropping by the 
road side; but we had to push on. Still the enemy was 
all the time close behind. The I'oar guard counnandeii 
by Gen. Lee in person is attacked, while cavalry are 
formed in front and a few shots are fired, (ien. Rosser the bend 

of llie 

road, it was 


tbvthe enemv wh 

y wheeled 

s ho delivered fire. 


out of five N 


hit"_one of Ih.rn, 

111 approvi 

n the spine; thro 

n-inp: h 

s arms over 

ead.witha^.M .,f, 

L,>i,v wnin 

m by intense pai 

. he p 

tclied backw 


on- hU hor-. 

1 \S,!S ^'Oil 

speed. When I . 

KW hi 

1 again, ye:, 

r.-.- ; 

fterwards, l)i vv:,- 

, [M-i-.cher 

one of the burnt 


dvonac 6res 


p men attrael, O l.i 

its Harm 

.^i-overeil sittiu':. i 

old ,-in 

J weary. One w. 

sacolonolof riric; 

tt'i Divisie 

other .1 lienlen:uu 

iU.d tl 

e destrnctiu 

1 of 

this famous liglilin 

p; comma. 

uuessed at when 

n regii 

lental ollieer 


not know wliei'e to 

look for h 

■d. • * •* Wf 

en the 

troops passe, 


H nnniber of l.-ndc 

V girls sto, 

■d in a iiiiivzii. am 


d us with w, 


' handlverehief^ an, 

moist ew. 

hee.' .-ifi.-r uhrer r. 

ni the men.— 


F.,!i„„! /■■/„„. 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

(one of our W. A. captains of the year,) who niean- 
whilo was ahead gnavding Loiigbridge, at FannviUc, here 
snccccded in capturing SOO men. 

The coUunn had now to keep up a retreating fight to 
Farnnille, impeded by wagons whicli hurried forward 
regardless of contents. Ewell was cut oif. 'I'he roads 
were axle-deep with nuid. A //-/s/e narJie for Lee's army 
was the lught winch followed. We reached Farmville 
early on the 7th, and bivouacked, after crossing the bi'idge 
with soiue show of jjrovisions. But by some misfortune, 
the liridge over the Appomattox was not destroyed after 
us. and the enemy's ca.valry followed closely, ^ye were 
soon ordered to get umter way, and the Federal cavalry, 
who were now becoming rampant, were taught a lesson 
which th.'y were in no haste to forget. The cavalry 
charged them at a double-quick and captured 200 prisoners. 
Gen. Lee took off his hat, at the spirit shown by the men 
as he passed, and was in turn Aveleomed with one of the 
rousing cheers of old. 

The wagons were then devoted to destruction, and the 
Chief Q. M. had the lieart to apply the torch hiriiself. 
The whole army were now mavchirig by an i.ut-ol-the- 
way path, and f)oling any longer v. ith wagons was oat ot 
the (luestion. If Gen. Lee had r 

to Ri 

Late in 
nounced tl 

Hid pivcn them tii! 
1 in gaining tlie ii 
tint matters wen' v 
afternoMU. liorseiiii 
pid ap[,iMach of th.; 
in |u,silion, and ii; 
tluced him to whi-.-l 
(ling. Our cavalry 
IJ. S. A., was In-tMi 

r sent his last dispatch 
Av notice, he woidd 
oinitains. Wo made 
ny blue indeed. 
I from the front an- 





,t st: 

A So'.dicr-'s Stor:/ of the War. 

now omos th.^ lu.ur when our artillery fires the la^^t -„„ 
and ends its ndJilarj record. Tl.e account vvhich folfows 
2^^ .-substantially taken from tlie excellent narrative of ;, 
S. C. officer of the IJear Gu.ird, entitled the ^-Falli.,! 

: nrniv Inv r?oirT» t^ f.f.of — j ♦„ ^..t 

resting process to a lum- 

The army lay down to rest, an^l to watch— a ■ 
«oke ,u . halt hour, lo e:.t what there was, and were about" tirmblinc; o''.'. 
to^M oV" ■"•l:: ?o/r '""" """?'■/" ^ ''"''' ^•^•^■' ""^ ordered J to b "re",' 
tai , V Tvnchhu7:' 'o "-^^'-'^'^"--^-^^ {-"• -"' "^^'"^^ --'« f-- 'l^^ -0-- 
d .^'^ r^f G^ nn,l mndholos^ l-K-keU were posted under the imn, : 
„..„,-'., "' ^'•", '" '^- ^'"'- ^^'"^" "c moved again, time was lost iu 

.,,',"/■ ;■'< ""r.-os— he najTOD:! moved in double lines. The order now was 
l\: ;■ \';'''*';;;'';!;''''''^'''''''''S'--»f Ji''-ecorfonrhouje5,amIIefrotnthe 

oi ,; , ' , ',.;, ,, , I. v° ,r", ^"'"^^'"'"?^, "I'- ^-I'^n suddenly the scream 

,, , . ' " ■I'tillci.v practice in the neislibovhood of the depot 

after "the .■■rtill'r;''„Ti '""'i' '^"'^'^ '.^'"'~'^'<^^^ ^' short range.. Cus'tar wa>- 
ho'd t w- i „ u-''1'"''''?'' ^'f -^P'"". "-nd the throe batteries left to 

Uem.i, e„l V ,°"' "f'.'>^''"IJ KCt to the gnns, the enemy aiuon<^ 

awav Onr .„^n f-ll^r'",° I', ''■'■ "'^"'•■'"^ ^^ the Va Hattcrv, who got 

dnr ,J'U,. ■',■ T.rr ;°"'?'^ ;'"■ "" '""^^ '' lasted, that occurred 

unriig uie wai. The g„,.s \vero (ought literallv to the mn/^les Tt «-,.- ,l.,rL 

the Mnall arms ot some three or four hu.Kjr-.d men packed in amor- the -„ns 
.n a very confined space. It sormed like ''•.- v,>,v ; ,>v- „r ,i i" " 

They mad., three disJinct cl^,i . ^... , 'T: : '- . '■ ,; ;,°^ Lc. lower reg;,,,... 
left and centre, and thus c„ ■ .' ;^:. ■ / ; ,\'" the bugle on the n.,ht. 
thev came It wis i • '':nk; then a cheer and n|. 

butth;io;,.-da,-lcn.^ 'tm'v'v, .,-::• -■■,.'■ ""^ f ^dows of the tree., 
gun and th^;, roll back: nndertl,'; deadiv fi-'..' .Nu "^ ZJ.VJ ^■''^^'^,'^""V ""' 
the artillery and small arm.. In addition t^ t.e^th^ ^^n :^^':;;' ^T'iln"' 
nal noises of the occasion, the ..cream of au engine wao'eard s rfV i . , , i 

fiiends !ri frn„. - w.„ 1. 1 "'"'"'■'" ""^ S'^'"g ou then came a n ; our 
niei a, i„ liont jcemed to hue had the wire ed'-e taken off 

Ihc great object that remained for us, wa-- to draw olV the rr„n- ;f -i i 

.aiuiu.i»i_>. 1 ,u ilaiKne.-.s concealed our nniabirs 

^\\e were going through an open field, and came now lo a tln-onri, ^ „;.r- 

A'SohUcr'i; Stoni of the War. 


ii thi-OH','li t!i,- wuocis. so as to grl to tlm road beyor;d. licfore we ;.!0t (o tin' 
fjiiinike. wr lir;iril the bugles of tlic enemy doirii it, ami as llie lic^d uf our 
colinnn cam • i;:'o the rOiid, tlioir cavalry charged tlic truiii. some two or lliroo 
hundred ynrds In'lovv us. 

Sixty pieces, of c.iunon (the reiiiainder of Lee's guns,) were «t the point when 
we csime into the road. The drivers were attempting to turn back toward? (he 
Court House — had got entangled with one another, and presented a scene of 
utter confusion. 

In passing from the old field, where the guns had been at work, into the 
woods that separated it from the turnpike, tw-o men were walking just in front 
of me, following their guns, whi';h were on before. 1 heard one say, "7o'i! ]'.:rdu." 
I asked at once "What battery do you belong to?" " DoualdsonviJle." It was the 
Creole Compiiny : and they might well liave added the other words of the great 
Francis, after tliu battle of'Pavia, " Tmd perdu fun I'/ioiuiLur," all lost but honor; 
for well had they done their work from si.ity-one, when they came to Virginia 
until now, -when 0.11 was lost, " Tout perdu." It was the motto of the occa.-ion. 

Tiie sti-.g was in the toils, but lli.^ end was not yet: we would hear the rush, 
the pliouts and pistol shots, when the enemy mounted and in force had attacked 
the train ; the artillerymen having no arms could make no fight, as they could 
not use their pieces. We could do nolliiiig (being closely pressed by a sii|jerior 
force of their dismounted men,) but fall back upon the town toward O'lr 
body, making (he best front we could, leaving the road and marching under 
cover of the timber on the side. I'.eing on foot, gave us a better position to 
resist any attack that might be ni;ide upon us by the cavalry. 

Tlie ftjllowiug, is from Lt. Co!. VV. M. Owen's Juuinal 
from which much of the preceding details of the retreat, 
has ah'cady been drawn : . . 

On the Sth. we haUed just helbre day, to rest an hour or two. near .N'cw 
Store — in road to Lynchburg. We resumed march at day light, and camped 
at night on Rocky Run, one mile from .-liipomattox. C. H. 

At Amelia G'o\i'rt Tlouse, most of the Armv was sent off by another roal, under 
charge of Gen. Walker, Chief of Artillery," to try to re.ach Danville to recruit 

This afternoon. 1 
After bivouacking- 
olliccrs of same H 
under Walker, cut c 

firing hraid in the direction of Appomattox Station. 
;. .No'iconib, .Jih Co. Wa.=hington Artillery, and oilier 
II. rnde up ami reported the whole artillery reserve 
destiov.'d m ar Ai|iomatlox Station. The Washington 
Ulilleiy have buried and dcstitned their gun.s and gone to the mountains. No 
jrmal surrender of the men with I'.eu. Lee took place. Some of them succeeded 
1 reaching President Davis, and acting as his bodv guard.* 
The n.imes of the Louisiana Artillerv, wlio acted as Presidential bodv- 
uard, were; C. U. C. Brown. Lieut. Oommandinir : Sernreanl, W. C. Covl-. 
rd Companv; Corporals, J. F. Lillv, 4tli Company. W". A. .Mcllav. Ist Companv 
.. D. Porter. La. Guards Artillerv; W. R. Pavne, C. A. Longue, La. Guard 
Artillerv; G. A. Weber. 2nd Coiniianv; T. J. Lay.zarc. 4th Companv: T, J 
lomertV. La. IJunrd Artillerv: R, Wili<erson, .1. B. .McMnllun, 1st Companv; 
loDonal.l, Webster, Davis. 4!h Company. 

•W'A.saiN-c.-rtiy, Ga., 5I.iy3r.I, ISG-j. 

A Soldier's Story of the War. 

We lired our last sliot to flav. after three ve;irs nine moQths service, since 
be first shut was fired at Itull-ltun. 

Gen. Gorilor, is fii^-hiiii;,' thi- eiiemv in t'ront. We are massed in a sort oC 
atural biiiin. Hi^li' land encircles lus. 

Gordon cajitures two Napalcon Guns from the Federals. 

Gordon carf t hold out n.ny longer, and Lee orders the token of surrender, the 
white n.•^u^■' to lie raised. 

The .\rn)v of .N'orthern Virp-inia is no more.* 

Lee had hut SOdO men with arms in tliuir hands this mornin.ix. We are sur- 
lurded bv more 'han lUU.dOt) of the enemv. 





From May 2rtli, ISGl, to April 8th, ISGo. 

J. B. Wii'.ton, Major ; promoted to Colonel ; made Chief of Artillery Army of 
the Totoniac ; Nov. 'CI, Chief of Artillery Longstreet's Corps: appointed 
ijy Secretary of War Inspector-General of Field Artillery; recommended 
iH-ice by Generals Beauregard and Longstreet for promotion to Brig. Gen. 
of Artillery; resigned July, 1S6-1. 

H. F. Eshleman. Captain Fourtli Company; May, 1861, wounded at Bull Run; 
promoted Major of Artillerv, 1S63; promoted Lieut. Colonel of Artillery, 
vice Colonel Waltou, April,' lSi;4. 

W. M. Owen, Adjutant First Lieut.; promoted .Major of Artillery, August, '03; 
assigned Chief of ArTillery Preston's Division, Army of Tennessee ; reas- 
signed to Washington Artillery, April '64, as second field officer; wounded 
at^Pelersburg, August, isr;4; "promoted to Lieut. Colonel, '6i. 

M. B. :Miller, Captain Third Company ; May ', promoted to Major of Artillery : 
assigned to Va. Biitallion ; re-assigned to B. \V. A. January, 18i;4. 

E. J. Kursheedt, promoted Adjutant B. W. A. 

K. S. Hrew, Surgeon, present with the command in all its marches and battles 
to the close of the war 

Thos. V. Aby, promoted Asoistant Surgeon, Feb., '03. 

C. H Slocomb, Q. M. Mav. '61; resigned Nov., '01 ; Captain commanding Fifth 
Ccunpa.n- W.,A. of \Ve.-^teni Army. 

H. n. Gfiger, A. Q. M. M.iy, '01. 

f. L. r. DiipuT, Sergt. Major ; Mav, '61, promoted to Lieut, ot Artillery at 

\V. A. llaudolph, iiromoted Sergt. Major. 

B. L. Braselman, Ordnance Officer, May, '01. 


:;.lhH.Ti!/, ' 



Captain Harry M. Jsaacsoii, resigned August, '61. First, Lieutenant, C. W . 

N'lvure?, proniotcd to Captain, September. '01; to Major, January, '64. Firs! "? 

I.ieiueiuv.nt, .foiin B. Richardson, proiuotL-l to Captain; assigned to Second Com- 5 

pauy. .June, '62. Second Lieutenant Geiger. detailed in Q. .M. Dept. First Ser- ^- 

feeant, Ed. Owen, promoted to First Lieut. September, '61 ; promoted to Captain. j 

Jauuary, '6-1. Sergciuit Joliu M. Galbraill:. promoted to Second Lieut. Nov. | 

■'U ; promoted First Lient. December, '61 ; died of wound receifed at battle of | 

Pniry's Bluff, May, '61. Sergeant C. H. C. Brown, promoted to First Sergoai.t, . I 

Cotober, '61 ; to Second Lienl., May, 'CL Sergeant C. L. C. Dupuy, promoted I 

S. i-eiint-Mujor, May, '61. Corporal Frank D. Ruggles, killed at 'Fredericks- I 

>■>■/, Dec. '62. Corporal E. C. Payne. .Ir., promoted Second Sergeant, Oct. '61 : I 

uiiiijargod Feb. '62. Corporal Wm. Feiloives, Jr., returned to his ranks at liis ; 

. <nvn request, Aug. '61. F. F. Case, returned to his ranks at his own rerinc-si. J 

Oct. '61 ; ]iromotcd to Corporal, April.' 63 : to Sergeant, October, '64. Private i 

Tl>03. V. Aby, promoted to Corporal, Oct. 'i>l ; to Sergeant, Oct. '61 ; to First » 

Sergeant, July, '62 ; to Aajistant Sargeon, Fob. '63. Richard Aby. Saral. Aby. t 
il. H. Alsobrook, blown up on a caisson in Marvland. Sept. '62, severelv 
v.-ounle.!. Jos. H. I;;Ttheiot. dischari?ed Feb. '64. ' R. J. Ball, transferred to 
"rci;M •,.;■. n,.,. .\ ■. ^. Not. '64. S. a. BailUo. li. P. Bayley. W. H. 
;; ' : •, ' -.''. Opt. '64. .Inc. Bozant. L.L.Brown. Jno. Bare. 

\v.'' I- :. ■ i-al'annock Station, Aug. '62. H. Chambers, died ; 

- I ..I.., ! '. '::i: . ". ,;'-. -:!. C. Chamber.', wounded at Sbarpsburg, Sept. '62; i 

i-.-t portion ot hi.^ hand. Geo. Chambers, killed at Driiry's Bluff, May. '64. I 
A. F. Coste. wounded at Fredericksburi;: died Dee. '62. E. A. Cowen, promoted 
Capt. Q. .M., B. ^^■. A. -Vor. '61; resinned, June. '62. J. B. Cleveland, transferred 
to Second Company, Dec. '61. S. M. D. Clark. V,'. L. Clark. W. T. Cummings. 
detailed in Richmond. E.Collins. Thos. Carter, captured at Petersburg, Scist. 
'6 :.. C. K. Caylat. Geo. P. DeKussy, promoted to Sergeant, Oct. '61: to Second 

Licit. .July, '62 ; transferred to Second Company. R. N. Davis, Jr., 'transferred S 

to Fourth Company. Geo. Dupri-. C. ^V. Deaco'n, translerred from Third Com- j 

pany, .April. '62 ; promoted to Q. M. Sergeant, and captured June, '64. at Peters- | 

burg. C. A. Kvery, wounded at Frederurksburg, Dec. '62 ; at Fredericksbur-. » 

M:'.y, 1863; at Drury's BlnlT, May, 1S6 1. L. G. Elf'er, trausferred to Third | 

Company. W. R. Falconer, promoted to Corporal. April, '62 ; transferred to I 

Seioml Louisiana Cavalry, February. '64. C. A. Falconer, transferred from t 

Third t'ompany, June, '61: killed IJecciuher, '62, at Fredericksburg. P. C | 

Fa/.eude. transferred from Third Company. June, '61 ; promoieil to Corporal. I 

Airil, 'i;:;; to Sergeant, July, '63; cap'tured at Drury's BhitF, May. 186!: | 

returned having escaped, Xovember, '64. John II. Fell, wounded at Rappa- I 

l.auui'cU, Aug., '62 ; discharged. 11. 0. Florence. J E. Florence, killed at j 

Frc.lericksburg, Mav. '63. F. H. Fowler, wounded at Sharpsburg, Sept., '62 : t 

d -'aibd, Q. M. Dept. M. Fisher. J. Frollck.jr. Paul Grima, G. B. Genin, pro- | 

moted to Corporal. April, '64. D. H. Garland. Wm. U. Kardie, promoted !o | 

Corporal, (let., '01 ; to Sergt., July, '62; to First Sergt.. Sept.. '64. S.Harrison. | 

pronn. ted to Corporal. Oct., '64. 'j. R. Ilarby. T. P. HalL E.Morgan Hani:. "^ 

.killed at Petersburg, Julv, '64. J. Horrock." G. M. Judd. promoted to SerL't.. V 

'!■■■.. "61 ; killed at Sharp/buri'. Sept., '62 J. E. Jjirreau, discharged, Feb., '•:■-': •- t 

J. r. Jarrean. IL 0. Jauin, wounded at Frede.-icksburg. G. D.' P. Jor..-. { 

Tl. ....;. P. Jones. E. T. ICursheeitt, promoted to Corporal, Oct., '61 ; to Ser;-'i-ar."- | 

.''hijor, April. '63: to Adjutant, with rank of Licuteiiaiit. J. V,'. Kv.uny J 

•i:-ch.irged, April,' '62. Herman Ross, killed at Rappahannock, .\ugnsi. ''■- | 


E F. Keplinger. D. Kilpatrick. L. Labarre, transferred to Third Company. 
Frank Lobrauo. T. J. Lutman, promoted to Corporal, April, 'i;3 : killed at 
Fredericksburg, May, 'G3. A. M. LappingtoD, detailed in Moatjomery, Alabama. 
E. Levy. P. Leahy. John R. McGaughy, promoted to Sergeant, March. 
'6" ■ to'l'irst Sern-eant, April, '(i3; to Second Lieutenant, September, '64. S. M. 
G. ilouut, caisson ran over his leg, August, '63; retired by Medical E.xecutive 
Board, October, '64. J. P. Manico, discharged, January, '62. J. Muntinger, 
wounded at Sharpsburg, September, '62 ; died October at Winchester. A. 
M Meore. R. F. Marsh^ill. killed at Rappahannock, Aug. '62, by explosion of 
hi^ "uu Goo. Maxent. Geo. W. Muse, killed at Bull Run, July, lil. W. Mo- 
ran."^ P. A. J. Michel, wounded ai Sharpsburg. T. M. McRobert, discharged 
■Vuo- '62 W. Mains, killed, July, '64. A Micou, promoted to First Lieut, on 
Gen.' Fry's Staff, May, '64. H. H. Marks. J. L. Mathews, detailed to Med. Den. 
B W, A. N". Milhardo. discharged July, '62. Jos. Meyers, detailed to Med. 
Den E W \ J McCormick. W. J. McLean. J. B. McCutcheon, wouuded at 
Shari.5bur<^, lost his arm. W. P. McGehee. J. B. McMillan. 11. C. McClcUan, 
died ut Petersburg, Xov. '64. A. G. McCorkle. \V. A. McRae, promoted to Cor- 
poral, (let. '64. C. M. Mcluiire. W. T. Norment, promoteil to Sergeant, April, 
'63. E. S. Ogden, promoted Second Lieutenant First La, Artillery, April, '64 
J. W. Outlaw^ captured at Gcitysburg, July, '64. W. F. Perry, discharged by 
Medical Board, Anril, '64. J. N. Payne, promoted to Sergeant, July, '62; trans- 
ferred to Major Byren's Batalliou Artillery, March, 1864, L. I'arson, X, B. 
Phelps, detailed Xov. '64. D. Pendegrass. U. Pollard, detailed Xov. '64. E. 
Peychaud, wounded at Drurv's Bluff, det. in Richmond. H. Peychaud, kille I 
at Drury's Bluff. C. Peychaud, delailed by Med. Board. C. Rossiter, wounded 
.at Drurys BlnfT, retired bv Medical Board, ()ct. '64. J. E. Rodd, wounded at 
Fredericksburg, detailed. M. Ranch. E. Xiviere. captured at Gettysburg. John 
Richardson, det. Q. M. I). Jas. Reddjngton, killed at Rappahannock, Aug. '62. 
R McK Speariu'^, promoted to Corporal, '62 ; killed at Fredericksburg, Dec. 
'62 F A. St. Araant, dii.char£cd, Julv. '61; disability. 'W.T.Saul. G. X. B. 
Street transferred to Moudvs Hatterv, j'ulv, '62. Ph. Seibrecht. P.D.Simmons, 
killed 'at Drurv's Blutf, '64. W. W. Spencer. Frank Sagee. T. S. Turner, 
promoted Corporal, '63. S. Turner, promoted Corporal, April, '64; wounded at 
Drew ry's Bluff. John A. Tarleton, discharged, July, '62, special onier Secretary 
war. J. M. Turpin. W. K- Fowles, killed, Railroad accident, Jlaixh, '63. F. 
Villasana. Van Vinson, promoted to Corporal, July, '63; to Seret., April, '64. 
H. Wliitcomb, killed, Julv, '64. E. V. Wiltz, discharged. C. R. Walden, killed 
at Drury's Bluff, -May, '64. \V. II. West, promoted to Corporal, May, '62 ; to 
Ser.-'t '\pri! '63; killed at Fredericksburg, May, '63. John A. Wayne. J. V. 
Webb di'charfred, Mav, '62. T.J.Wilson, li. Woodward. J.P.Woodward. 
II S Wilkinson. J. X. White, detailed. 11. L. Zebal, discharged by Med. 
Board, May. '64. L. E. Zebal, discharged, furnished a substitute. S. G. Stewart, 
J.Scott, "j. A. O'Xeal, discharged. April, '64. .John Charlesworth. H. Collins. 
John Eshman. John Earls, dL.d in hospital. John Farrell. \S . Farrell. K. 
Galla-lier. J. L. Hock, promoted to Quarter Master Sergeant, September. 64. 
-M. Il.^ck, detailed in Drd. I'epftriiuent. J. Hamiuel, discharged. June, 62 ; 
Sur.'LOa's cerlificate. J. Jacobs, detailed .Medical Department. Jas. Kinney. 
die(f from wound received at Fredericksburg, Deceuilier, 62. John Krafis. 
detailed to Ordnance Department. F. Lester. J. S. Lehman, tr.aisferred to 
SecoHil Company J, l.cnon, transferred to Second Company. IJ, D. F. McKes- 
^ou J \ McCormick. Wm. (Hiver. Chas. Rush, transferred to SeconJ 
Company. E. W. Smith. Jas. Smith. A. Szar. F. Schmarbock. H. L. Allain. 
John li.-i'chr. J.J. Xoruieni, pron.oted to Corporal, October, '64 : wounde., at 

Drurv's Bluff. 

;ri;i! KOLL or ruK Washington artillerv. 

. r J : , u ', ^' ^"" ^^"" """^ ^' Williamsport. Md. John Charleswor;),' 
at Fredericksburg, '62. C. Rush, Fredericksburg, -02. Lliaile^nortb. 

.1, Jw ^''n'^^ ^^•'^^"'fnt l^as been taken from the Historical Record furniM.od to 
the Mar Department C. S, January 1st, 1S65, and is correct and :is fuU a -., 
possioly be made from that Record. " "" '-"" 

Lt. C. H. C. BROWX, 

Xrw O.T.r.v. n..> o. ,.,,, ^'■■"'^-'":' ^'-rPr^-^ 1'" Co. B. W. A. 


f.iputeuant C. C. LcTvis, comaim.!::-- romv.inv Mn- ni ■ rp^;.-,,, ) 5 ,„ ■,-, 
Capt. Thos. L. Kosser, promoted t , -.1 ,; .-. fr,; onel ^f Ir Herv- t^Ld 1 
atMechanicsvilie Captain J. V.. ;: • „ ■ ..^ d ^ ComS '.J^n"^:' 
Hrst Lieutenant Pam. J. McPi,-. • ■ <, Vun-„,t Isvi r.'.t,^!'; J' 

Socomb, promoted to First Lie,,, ., ..r; i ■. ^.;d Cembe'r isn ^^ . i 
Lieutenant Samuel Ha^cs. promoted to FirM rl-inennn, n k ,c , 

Second T i»uti.„ „■ r n - 1 >' '-'""-'i lo r ir,M l.-a-utenaut, December 1S6 . 

6X)F -HWi-o,^,;"",- •'"'/';'' ^ r"""<^'^^ '^^ Chaaceilorville, ^Iay,^'l^-^«. 
promoted .0 Second Lieut, of ArtilU- "^^..^sl^'^rf ';^^-^. ^.^."■^'",^"'^^- 

,'l.!!.'!"'Vr"'*^o^''l'."^'':'- J'l^^ Sergeant A. G.'Kni'iht. 
ecreiarv of Wt 

UustaveAime. Sergeant H. C. Wood. discl.arge.rOctober, IS.rC'brorder' 

Geo F'strk^-H 7^' "^ ^^"- .-■^- ^'- '^"'?'"' P'-omoted to Orderly, Xo.. IdlVi 
bco R StraTTbridge, appointed Second Lieutenant P. A. C S March •H*bv 


i at S, rj, ^t Hd. L. il.-i 

•urd di ch' , ! r;"''"\ ^"Sf" f°!"' ^\'- l'^'- '■-:.: James !. 

jni,-. ■iL-c!i,.i.. .1 r)c.-tjmber, 1S61. L. X. L. ilutt > ,1 July L-^i;; 

Samuel Ila 


Corpor,,! T. B. Whire. discharged Xor'r ^fyl. A. C 
i- eb.. u:;. M . A. liandolph. promoted to Scr-'t \p 
to Sergt August, ^r.r -wounded at Williamsport 
promoted to Sergt., Xov.. 'd3. Jm.. W", pardons 
■'th, exchanged ; promoted lu .-■• .. i \,,. ',',;' l] 
burg, August, 'CI. I". ,r. J, , : V. • 

July, ■e;;: .captured. e.\chan. ■ ! : ■-..... .•, .: •,, ,■ 

•'•!ay, -G-J. L. 0. Woodvillc." wounded t ';T,, 

: 'letlvfbur 
Mill, r.urea 

wooded at r''-">-v-s muU^MaJ-, l^U-'proniotd '^o' Onir;!^; 
•I. C.C. iwichell. Thos. H. Suter. J. F. Randolph. K. D. 


i ;. 


Phil. A. Glagett. Joliu C. 'Woodville. G. W. Hnmphries. Q. M. Sergeant Jos!: 
! '■ DeMeza. J. S. BracUej. Artificers — Leonard Craig. James Keating. Jno. W. 

' Dempsey, transferred to Third Company, June, '63. Privates— Fred. Alewelt. 

i wounded at Sharp-^bur^r, died at Shepardstown, Sept., '62. Randolph Axon, 

dctaili-d in Richmond, Oct., 'G2. E. D. Ausustiis. Geo. Alpin. — Almundin;,'CT. 

killed at Petersburg. F. P. Buckner, transferred to Fifth Regiment, April, r,2. 

A. R. Blakely, wounded Second Manassas, Augnst, 30th, '6?i: captured August. 
'63; exchanged and detailed in Treasury Department. R. J. Banistei", wounded 
at Williamsport, July, 6.3 ; captured, e.s;changeJ: drowned while on furlough iu 
.Mississippi River, February 8th, 'G4. J. T. Brentford. E.M.Bee, discharged, 
Oct. 'G2. James Brown, j'ames Cvrues. Joe Barr. Patrick Brooks, wounded 
at Sharpsburg, July, 'G.3. Frank Baker. John S. Bradly, promoted Q. M. Scrgt. 
April, '61. JohnA. Bioom. Henry Brooks. Stephen W. Britton. J.B.Cleve- 
land, transferred from First Company, appointed Second Lieutenant, P. A. C. S. 
March, 1863, by Secretary War. W. P. Curtis, discharged. H. D. Coleman, 
captured at Chancellorville, May, '63; exchanged. Phil. A. Clagett, promoted 

J'% to Corporal, Oct. '6.3. H. S. Carey, detailed ia Ordnance Department. John A. 

j-4 Coakley, wounded at Williamsport, July, 18«3. J. W. Cross, wounded at 

■ Williamsport, July. ISiiS ; died Aligust, ieC3. W. H. Cautzon, detailed cle-k. 

Gen. Lee's Headquarters, Nov. '64. N. J. Clark. C. A. Duvall, transferred from 
Fourth Company, July, '61; appointed Second Lieutenant P. A. C. S-, Marcli. 

1863. A. DeValcouit'. Wm. Davis, honorable mention at Second Mfinass^s. 
August, 1861;; wounded at Williamsport, Julv. l.?63. Theo. 0. Dyer. Charlei 
Dougherty. Dan J. Driscoll. Tlios. \V. Dver. W. E. Florance. Wm. Forest, 
wounded "at Williamsport, July, l^r.a. Thus. H. Fuqua, transferred from Third 
Company, July, '61 ; promoted to Corporal, Nov. '62. L. C. Fallon, wounded. 
Geo. .A.. Frierson, wounded at Williamsport, July. '63. Armaud Freret, wounded 
at Sharpsburg, September, 1862; died at Wiuc'neater, September, 1862. Jules 
Freret, wounded at Gettysburg, Julv '63; died same place. John H. Forshee. 
Wm. M Francis, transferred from Watson's Battery, July, '64. Wm. C. Gillen. 
captured at Chancellorville, .May, '63 ; exchanged. John II. Goodin, promoted 
to Corporal. .August. ''\:'. John .M. Grienman, wounded at Bermuda Hundreds. 

May, 1864. Joliu I" n;:: ;i. 1 ided at Williamsport, July, 1863. D. Gleason. 

Geo. Gessner, «.:; ' ' r.'s Bluft', May. '64. F. M. Gillespie. Hugh S. 
Gookiu. E.E.C. ■ \ Hall. Geo. Humphrey, wounded at Williams- 
port, July, '63 : (I ! ■ ■ ' > i;i-ed May, '64. S. C. Uartman, discharged, Oct.. 

'62. J. Hefleigh. ('has. Ilani.^. Cha.^. Hurley. Alex. Anderson. C.M.Harvey. 
L Ichstien. 0. Jewell, died, F'ebruary, 1863. J Jackson, detailed. May, IS64. 
D. E. Giggett.s. discharged by order, 'May. 1864. B.C.Jacques. T. R. James. 
M. Kelly,' discharged. May, 1862. B. "F. Kirk, wounded at Chancellorville. 
May, 1S63. Wm. Kirk, tra'nsferred, June, 1S64. R. H. Knox, appointed c.idet. 
P. A. C. S. Xovember, 1864. T. F. Laud, discharged. Wm. Little. B. Lynch, 
discharged, December, 1861. W. Layman, wounded at Gettysburg, died. L.S. 
Lehman. James Leunon, transferred Feb. '64, A. G. Lobdell. retired Decemiicr. 

1864. M. P. Lapham. wounde.l, and died al Drury's BlulT. Mav, '64. V. B. 
Lynch. J. S. Meyers. J. R. McGowen. W. .Mills." detailed Oct. 1863. John 
Meux, transferred from Fourth Company, Julr. '61. W. .Maronev. J. McCor- 
mack. D. T. Moorf, died Aug. '64. J. Madden, detailed Feb. 'e.".. L. Miller. 

B. A. McDonald. W. 0. Mallory. W. E. Mayuard. H. McGill. H. .M. Payne, 
retired -Aug. '64. .\. H. Peale, discharged Nov. '61, by order of Gen. Beaiiri- 
gard. William Palfrey, promoted Second Lieut. First Louisiana .Viiillery. J. ('. 
I'urdv, appointed .-^econd Lieut. P. A. C. S., .March. '63. W. A. I'errin. J. II. 
Peebles. L tt. Randolph, killed at Williamsport. July, '63. W. Roth, dis- 
charged -August, '61. Wm. Rockwell, discharged Dec. '61. J. W. Ridcill. A. 
G. Ridgill. W. G. Uaoul, appointed Cajit. A. Q. M.. March. 1S64. J. L. Rich- 
ardson. H. I). Summers, ca[itured at ChauceliorviUe, detailed with wouudeil' 
captured at V.'illiamspoit : exchangeil May, IStM. W. D. Sayre. A. D. U. 
Sntion. D. Self. AV. II.- Simpson. H. C. Twichell, discharged October, '61. 

XilfrTKR EOLL Ol' JiiK \A'AS5!IN<:;T0?< .SRTILI.TiRV. 


C. Twicl; 









1. n 



ral, Df 




-> ooniled at Williuiiispovt, promoted Corporal, August, 1803. | > 

,,i;i;i, difcliarged, Aug. '<!2. G. J. Thomas. U. Urquhai-t, wounded 1 1 

.Irtic, 1H64.' P. Voii Colin, woundou at Chanccllorville. L. C. _| i 

!iir)t.-d to April, 18C:). W. H. 'Wilkins. J.Weber. F. '^ j 

\\ bite, killed at. f^econd T. B. White, pruinoled to j !!i.T, 1861. F. .M. V.'illiams, appoialeii Second Lieutenant, P. A. % 

■■'■. B.Ward, wounded Second .Mnnassas, captured; exchanged. i, 

v-nunded at Willirnniiport, captured and died, August, 1SG3. T. « 

"uuded at Geltvsliurg. G. A. Webre. Chr.s. Waleisou. D. P. | 

<! Ill Williamspo'rt. Winter. F. H. H. Walker. H. P.crthe- .J' 

..yer. __ | 

menieiit has been tak-.n from tliO Historic 
tmeiit C. S., Janu.uv Jsl, 18fi5, .-ind ii CO 

from that 

Coftftin Cvinmanding at i 

j^.OLL OF 'iri-m^D co:vrpANY. 

I Merritt B. Mi!i-r, Captain, Ma;,, 'tU ; promnret? to Niajor of Artillery, Fob. '64. 

i \ndre\v Hero, iv., Second Ser;;. M.-.v '01; First S'l, '. - '■;' : ;--t(.uid I.'.eut. 

i Mav 'ti':: First Lieut. Aug. -e'i; Capt. Feb. 'IH; Av.,;: :;i S- '^.n-, Sept. 

I '02"; at Petei^bmtr, April, 'Ci. Jos B. Whitfinstci:. . ! . ;, lesigued 

i Louis A iidanj. Second Lieut, rc.-'igncd Aug. 'CI ; ,: . ;. - .i i- ,., ; > ii I.-. Aug. 

I 'rU. Janies Dearing. Second Lii-uL,. promoted lo I'aptain Art'.v, .\pril S, 'G2. 

J. J. Garnet, First Lieutenant, assigned to Company .luly, '01 ; tratisf.-ircd to 
S^ignal Corps, .lune, 'C3. Isaac W. Brt\rer, First Lieutenant, killo.l ::t [iappa- 
liannock Station. Frank McEhov, First Liouttnaut; Geo. Jlc.Veill, Secon.l 
Lieutenant; Charles II. Stocker, Second Lieutraant, wounded at Petersburg, 
Ajuil, 'Go. First Sergeant John T. Handy. Sei-geaut Louis Prados, promoted 
to Lieut La Brio-.ide. Sergeai:t W. A.' Collins. Sergeant R. Maxwell, dis- 
charoed from command. Sergeant W. H. Ellis. Sergeant 0. N. DeBlanc. Ser- 
c'eanl W. G. Code. Sergeant V. Krauolberg, killed at Petersburg. Sergeant 
P.W.Pettis. Corporal Ed. J. Jewell. Corporal A. H. Peale. Corporal C. E. 

! Fortier. discharge<l. Corporal E. ^\^ Morgan. Corporal R. P. Many, died 

! .)f wounds. Corporal W. Lcele, died in Louisiana Hospital. Corporal A. 

S K. Grimmer. Corporal X. Bartlett. Corporal T. Ballantine. Corporal S.unuel 

•t Bland. Corporal II. Ballaiif. Corporal .\l. B. Cautrelle. 1. C. . 

[ Dick. Corpora! John R. Porter. Corporal IT. J. Php|p.s. William A. Col- 

1 lins, wounded at Second Manas>a.s, August, ISG:!. E.-A%Til, wounded at 

Sharpsbur.^. Sej.t. GI : discharge.! Dec. 'G2. John Anderson, translerred from 
First Companv, Julv.'Gl. Henry J. Aikins, killed at Sharpsburg, Sept. 1SG2. 
FiankiM' Andress. J. A. Adde. S. S. .Vndress. B L. Braseluian, promoted to 
Ordnance Sergeant Battalion. Robert Bruce, dischareed April. 'Gl. Samuel 
f. Boush. on duiv in Quarter Master's Deparluunr. J. D. lilanchard, died 
.March, 1SG4. .iiimes 0. Bli.onilield, promoted to Lieut in Magruder's army. 
Michel A. Bccuil. discharged December It'Gl, by order of Secretary of War. 
(ito. Bernard, d-tailed witi.'ambulance. M. Burke. J. P. Benton, captured by 
enemy, June, ''M. Samuel Bland, wounded at Bai.paliannock, Aug.' G2. Janie.s 


8. Beban, died at Mobile, Ala. \Vm. Karton. Jo3. Bloom. Rudolph liullaiif, pro- 
niiitftd to Corpornl, April, '64. Geo. Brady. Geo. B. Ueliari, died at Culpopfr, 
.'^ept. '62. C. Bush, injured by falliLg of a tree, Oct. '62; detailed ia Richmoud. 
Ernest Beyer. Char!i.-s Bradv. Henrr G. Brooks. John H. Bcntou, wounded Pt 
Petersburg, Sept, ■64 ; died Sept. '64. "Geo. H. Bryens, killed at Gettysburg, Julv 
'G?,. Lawrence Berry. Richard Bryens. \Vm. P. Brewer, promoted to Assist'- 
ant Surgeon. B. F. Bryan. Robert J. Ball, transferred lo First Companv 
Stove Burke. F. A. Carl, died May 27, 1861. M. W. Cloney, wounded at 
Sharpsliurg, Sept. '62 ; captured at Gettysburg, July, '63 John H. CoUes, di.^- 
ch.Hrgeu Xov. '61, by order Secretary of War. Ernest Charpieux, wounded al 
.M:iuassus, August 1S62 ; detailed Q. .M. Dept., April, '64. W. G. Covle. pro- 
moted to Corporal, Nov. 1861 ; to Sorgt., Oct. 1363. Stephen Clialaro'n, trans- 
ferred to Second Company, July, 1S61. TTm. Cagey, transferred from Second 
Coinpany, -July, 1361. James Crilly, transferred from Second Company, wound- 
. ed at Rappahannock Station, August, 1862. Frank E. Coyle, wounded at 

i.;; Gettysburg, July, IS';.^; killed at Petersburg, April, '65. "W. Campbell. Geo. 

.-| Vr. Charlton. L. W. Cressy, killed by falling of a tree at Winchester. G. W. 

t J Deacon, transferred to First Company. Edward A. Clark. W. W. Charlton 

f ? T. S. Collins. J. F. Clark, killed at Gettysburg, July, '6.3. Jos H. DeMcza. 

\§ transferred to Second Company, July, '61. Edward Duncan, captured at Petcrs- 

>l , hurg and eschanged. Fred. Douher, killed at Sharpsburg. J. F. Davis. A. 

;■* Dumas. James Dolan, died from, wound at Rappahannock. August DeDiauc, 

» Isaac C. Dick, promoted to Cofporal, October, '64. H. Dietz. Benj. E. Dick. 

W captured at'Fredericksburg and excliauged. Armand DeBlauc, discharged Mac, 

£ "63. W. DennisoTi. Wm. DeLacy. Honore Donssan. Adolphe Du°iir6, Jr., 

m wounded and captured at Gettysburg. Louis G. Elfer. Edgar D. Evans. P. o! 

y Fa-icnde. Charles E. Fortier, promoted to Corporal, July, '61 ; discharged, Sept. 

g 1S61. F. P. Fourshee, wounded at Rappahannock. i\ H. Fuqua, tnmsferrt-d 

R to Second Company. Otto Frank, wounded at Fredericksburg. Rene Faisans. 

Auguste Faisans. Louis E. Guyot. A. E. Grimmer, wounded at Fredericksburu-: 
promoted to Corpoml .\ovember. '63. Fred. W Gras. Jno. W. Gore. J. ft. 
Grolter. C. A. Gougli, wounded at Gettysbarg, and died. S. R. Girens. 
discharged January, '63. Leon M. Gerard. " Philibert Gerard. G. A. Grimes. 
Henry Guillote. F. L. Hubbard, right arm injured, and discharged October. 
'01. G. Hart, discharged February, 62. John Holmes, jr., wounde"! at Sharps- 
bur.:, and discharged May, '64. John Huisson. John G. Hottinger. Ed. D. 
Iluljocll. Wm, Jones. Wra. N. Johnson. Eugene Jouhen, wounded at Rap- 
s'. ilianuock, and died. Jos. H. Jagot. F. Jourdau. John Jones, captured nnd 
■■sc.^ptd July, '64. Joseph Kinslow. S. Kennedy, transferred to Twentv-eiu'iitli 
L..ui-:iana Regiment ; resigned, '64. Thos. Kerwin. Damas Kobleur. wounded 
at I'elrrsburg. (Jctuber, '64. W. H. Kitchen. R. H. Kitchen. M. Kent. Wm. 
r.cjie, pr.nnotcd Corporal April, '63; died October, 1S64. Ed. Loftus. died 
Icbniary, 63. M, F. Lynch. James Little, died June, '62. G. Levtze, luiss- 
I'l;;- after battle of Gettysburg. S. r,evy, wounded at Rappahannock; dis- 
charged September, ' -.2. J. T. Luddy. John Land. Geo. Laud Gnstavc 
Leclcre. Eugene Leclere. Charles Lombard, transferred to Fourth Companv 
Jun^, '63. T. Lazarre, died at Petersburg, December, 64. MurviUo Labarre 
died at [Petersburg. December 31, '64; E. Labarre, discharged October, '63. 
I.acpsticre Labarre, transferred from First Companv September. '63. P. I). 
I. ■.-.:- iilie. A. Leefe, wounded at Drury's Blutf. .V. LVhthouse. T. M. McFall 
I )-inoted to Q. M. Sergeant April, '63. U. McDonald, killed at Kai^iiahannock. 
•L II. .McCanuey, wounded at Sli.,- ; ,■ ,J. i[. Moore, transferred to Tth 
i:ri.,-;ide. W. -.nrs, tiMnlerred to .-■ - ..;.. E. W. Mortran. discliar^ed 

■n.l.v, l.sul. !:..!,.-rt .Maxwell, iir...!. ;!. Nt Xuvember," '61 ; wounde.l 

a; UappahannocK and discharged i' :, \ i., ''l -.,:,. G. II. .Meek, promoted tn 
"id. .Surg. N'oc, '63. , K. P. Many, Corpoi;!!. April. '63; wounded, captured and 
•1^ ' .It Fredericksburg, May, 'G3. C. B. Marraillou. discharged '62, bv Secretarv 
■1 V. ar. G. W., wounded at Sharpsburg: diedSvptcmlier. '62. John C. 


Murphy. Ilcurv A. .Madden, killed at Drarys Bliiff, J[ay, '61. E. L. Mahcn. 
S. W. XovfS. Albert Norcoiu, transferred to Fourth Companv. .T. S. Nesbitt. 
illjchar-eJ Miir, '.32. L.T. Xoyts. \V. P. .N'oble. T. Nulty." F. Ozaune, cap- 
tured and c-u;x(ied at Hager.-i'own, 'G3. Peyton W. Pettis, promoted Corporal 
July, '62 ; wounded at Rappahannock and Sliarpsbnrg ; promoted Sergeant, '(;4. 
J no' It. Porler, promoted Corporal Augu?t, '64; wounded at Petersburg, Oct. 
'64. H.J. Phelps, Corporal, April 1S63; wounded at Fredericksburg, \Si}2. 
.Abraham B. Philips. Geo. A Peirce. Paul T. Patin. \V. Price. Wm. 
F. Pinckard, wounded at Petersburg. Wm. M. Pii'ckard. C. P. RusSell. Sam'l 
Rousseau, wounded at Petersburg. J. F. Randolph, transi'erred to Second 
Companv. Cliarles Raymond. H. Rideau, killed at Gettysburg. F. Ruleau, 
wounded and died at Gettysburg. E. Riviere. Jules A. A. Rousseau. G. D. 
Robinson, severely wounded by cap.-;i/.ing of a cannon, fourth of July, 1863. 
Frank Shaiv, jr., discharged by Secretary of War. Chas. H. Stockcr, promoted 
Corporal. June, 1862 ; Sergeant, July, 1862 ; captured at Gettysb^irg, July, '63; 
elected Second Lieutenant, Murch, '63. S. G. Saunders, wounded at Sharps- 
burg, Charles Smith, captured at Petersburg, June, 1864. A. Seicshnaydre, 
Leon Seicshnaydre. S. B. Slade. C. G. SmeUer. T. W. Smith. R. Smith, 
li. D. Summers, transferred to.Second Company. Wm. S. Toledano, discharged 
•September, 1861. E. Tolerlauo, discharged September, 1861. Howard TuUy, 
wounded at Bull Run and Freilericksburg. Ralph Turnell, discharged Novem- 
ber, 1862. Hugh Tliompson, killed at Rappahannock. James Tully, wounded 
at Rappalianuock. G. J. Thomas. Walter A. Tew. Victor K. Tisdale. John 
Triime. Oswald J. Toledano, killed at Petersburg. Ernest Vidal. J. W. White. 
Thos. E. Williamson. W. WiUuimson. W. J. P.. Watson, transferred to Fourth 
t^ompany. J. N. White, transferred to Fourth Company. J. W. Deuipscy, trans- 
ferred to Sccoud Company. Geo. Pielert. W. D. Holmes, transferred to Second 
Company. Tom Nugent. James Keating, transferred to Second Company. 

The above roll is copied correctly from the historical records of the 
i-'ompany of the V.'ashington .Vrtillery, and contains all details as to nie 
of the Company. 

A. HERO, Jr., 

lute Gapi. Com\ry 3d Cu. li. li 



Cautain Jos. Norcom ; First Licul. H. A. Battles ; Second Lieuts., G. 
W. J.'Behan: Sergeants— 1st, J. S. Fish; 2d, J. C. Wood: 3d, J. W. 
4th, B. F. Weidler ; oth, J. B. Valentine. Quartermaster— S. T. Hailc. 
rals— F. A. Brode, 0. S. Babco.k, B. HulTt, J. F. Lilly, Geo. .MontLTOmei 
Burke, F. W. Ames, Geo. E. W. Wilkinson. Privates— Geo. Anders 
Allen. Jos. Adams, O. W. Adams, P. M. Baker. Lewis Baker, H. H. B: 
Banksmith, Jas. r>atemaii. F. A. Behan, Jas. llorl.iud. Clia?. M. Byrne. 
• her, J.W.Burke. L. W Clavton, W. P. Crorcv. d. E. Cook." Thu, 
Wni. Gary, Wm. Curlcv, J. M. Cox, Denis J. Cromi-. E. Condon, A. S. 
ri,:i5. Cn«-ai,d, r.. ClK.pman, K. .\. Davis, W. Deni:,son. W. R. Dirke. I 
sou. Jas. D. i-duar.l.-. Jno. Fowlkes, Jno. Fagan, W. S. Fell, J. J. V: 
H. Gray, G. C. G.-euorv, E. K. Gubernator, J. G. Hood, Thos. Herbr 
E. Holt, W. .McC. Holmes, W . \\. Jones. A. C. Jones. I. Jessup. F 
M. J. Kinnev. M Keet'an. V. Lan<c.lon, Clias. Lake, J. R. Land, Tlico. 
Dupre Lazan-n, P. J.layery, V. W. Marston, E. A. Mellard. 'vVm. Mart 

E. Apps, 
v. R. S. 
on, J. S. 



F. Moore, R. MePonald, Jno. McMauiis, B. H. Mayer, C. McGregor, 
A. N'orcom, D. Nolan. ' Thos. Xorris, A. L. Plattsmier. Chas. Palfrey, D. W. 
Pipes, H. T. Peak. Jno. Pheiffer, J. M. RohbOL-k, M. J. Ryan, G. Reynolds, W. 
Redmond, I. Renev, Louis Rocsch, .T. H. Smith, J. H. Stone, Juo. Schekler, 
i. Souiat, Ch-dS. Sraeker, A. Sliew", V.'. N. Stuart, E. Terrebonne, .A. F. Vass, 
IT. F. Wilson, Geo. Walker, G. W. Wood, P. N. W.iod, J. J. Wall, Jno. Wilson, 
W. J. B. Watson. Artificers— Levi Callahan, J. McDonald. 

The above roll has been taken by nie from the records of the Washington 
Artillerv, and I certify that the s.ime is as full and correct as it can bf- made. 

Ranking njJieer of ith Co. JJ. If. .-1. 

For the mtister roll of the Fifth Company, see p. i:.0. Of the remnants of the 
four companies in Virginia, forty-five escaped under Major Miller, (the horses 
having hecu cut from their harness,) by way of Lynchburg and the mountains, 
to .lohnston s .•fncy in Xorth Carcliua, Capt. Chas. A. Green, of the Louisiana 
Guard .Vrtillcry. and some of the Ponaldsonville Artillery, under Lieutenant 
Prosi>erp Laudry. among the number. Jlajor ^Moses says, in reference to tlie 
Confederate gold which was placed in his hands, and which had followed Presi- 
dent Davis to Washington, Ga.: " I employed four young men of the Washington 
Artillerv, to guard the gold and accompany me to Augusta. There were a 
great many cavalry and straggling .soldiers prov.-ling about, and on the train 
they made what was then called several 'charges' upon the gold, which, with 
the assistance of Col. Sanford, of .Montgomery, and Private Shepherd, of Texas, 
were succe.-sfuUy rc'sisted.'' Whatever became of the gold, after it was honorably 
placed by >.rajor Moses in Federal hands for the relief of wounded soldiers, has 
never yet been ascertained. 

The verv last battle fought, or regular engagement during the war, took place 
on the n;;'hl of the ICth ol April, at Columbus, Ga., at which time that town 
\\a> 'iiiiir. : .^'.1 1,200 Confederate soldiers made prisoners. Throe of the 
\\ i\ ',;,: .' : .L'.y. * Adara=. Cummings and Bartlett, the fust and of 

V I; .; ; : M ; tirst guus at Kull RuH, Were present at the night attack, and 

::i ■'! I ;i M 'i last named three times during the night. 

- Th» f, i? "Ti •>,> the or.lpi-s .till in etisteucc : 


<l F 


FOR THE YEARS I860, '61 AND '62. 

rut of the Officers in Coinmissioii preceding 
the IVar. 


Major Generul Juhn 1.. Lewis, Commanding; Col. L. E. Forstali, Dividon 
Inspector; Lieut. Cclouel Gbas. A. Labuzan, Division Quartermaster ; Lieut. 
Colonel Tlioraas Cripps, Division Paymaster ; Major W. P. Willi. uiis, Division 
Surgeon; Major E. L. Forstall, Aid; Major U. Lavillebeuvre, Aid; Major A. 
Trudeau, Aid; Major X. Guuari, Aid; Major L. Stein, Aid; Major L.' Lay, Aid: 
Major Jos. .M. Kennedy, Jr., Aid. 


Brigad,"r Geuural II. \X . I'alfrev, Commandiug ; Major J. F. Cl;:Urv, Bri-afle 
ltis|je,ioi : Ciptain R. Beltran, Aid; Captain P. ORorke. Aid: Captain \V. .B. 
''ook, .\id : I'aplain Chas. -\. Janvier, Aid. 


Firft Coi,n>iinii — L'aptain, F. Gomez; Senior First Lieutenant, -\. D. Garcia; 
Junior Fiv*t Lieutenant, P. .V. Gomez; Second Lieutenant, P. .Marrero. 

Th'ird Co>ijkinii — f'aptain, F. Stromeyer; Senior First Lieutenant, G. Beriu- 
chaux ; Junior Fir>t Lieutenant, A. A. Canon; Second Lieutenant, Alexander 

Sixth Coniptuiij — Senior First Lieutenant, Theo. Morano, Commanding; Junior 
First Lieut'uant, N. Rivera; Second Lieutenant, Jean Schweitzer. 

Fourth Oiinpnnii, iittachcd in Legion — Captain, J. L. Lamothc ; .Senior Firsi 
Lieutenant. \. Abadie; Junior First Lieutenant, G. Raymond: Second Liiut. 
I. Krard. 


Colonel l-'has. F. Sturcken. Commanding; Lieutenant Colonel, C. L. .Matlies : 
-■'iajor, H. Blaize ; Lieutenant E. IT. Boilitz, Adjutant ; Lieutenant Hordsfeldtr , 
Qiiartermajter ; l, <!. lugenbubl, P,iynia?ter; Lieutenant Loisenge:-. 

CHAStErRS. 1814-1,T. 

Firtit (/[•.•, K, Kcrot. '"ommandiug ; f-'econd Lieutenant, L- llonidobrc. 

/ • I l.'i ;,.(■•. Ol 



Ca[itiiiii, F. Peters; First Lieutenant, Henry Fassbinder ; Second h\ 
Jacob lluth. 

SHAKPaiiooTEB. — Captain F. Ciiristen. 

Ffsii.iERS no. 1.— Captain, F. Sierera ; First Lieutenant, H. Gerdes. 
FU3ILIKB3 NO. 2. — Second Lieut., Henry Wallbrech. 


Capt. F. Koenig; First Lieutenant. G. HoUenbach , Second Lieutenant. A, 

JEFFERSON GUARDS. — Captain, F. WoUrath ; Second Lieut., G. Lebman. 


First Companii. — Captain, Henry St. Paul ; First Lieutenant, Oscar Alei.x : 
Second Lieutenant, Xeinours Lauve. 

Sfconrl Company. — Captain, Simeon .Meilleur ; First Lieut., Isidore Esclapon ; 
Second Lieutenant, Raphael Painpare. 


Brigadier General, E. L. Tracy, Commanding; Major Thomas F. AValkerj 
Bricade Inspector ; Captain R. Hooper, Aid ; Captain I. J. Daniels, Aid ; Captain 
.F. G. McLearn, Aid ; Captain J. F. Caldwell, Aid. 


Capt. J. B. Walton; Senior First Lieutenant, 0. Voorhies; .lunior First 

Lieutenant, Theo. A. Jaiues , Second Lieutenant, R. Bannister. 

WASHi.NOTON REOIME.ST. — Major Johii Cavanaugh. 

LOtJisiAXA GREYS. — Capt., Edmund Kennedy; First Lieut., A. D. Caultield. 

REGIMENT NATIONAL GUARD.?. — Colonel. H. Forno ; Major, G. Stith. 


Captain, Charles D. Drew ; First Lieutenant, J. P. Nesbit. 

CITY GUARDS. — Captain, W. T. Dean; Fir.-;t Lieutenant, G. 1:. Fagot. 


Captain, John A. Jacpies; First Lieutenant, Erastus Stevens. 
CONTINENTAL GUARDS. — Capt. George Clark ; Second Lieut,, A. W. Mcrriam. 


Captain, F. Camerdeu; First Lieutenant, Chas. C Campbell : Second Lieut.. 
Lea F. Bakewell. 


l-'irsl Briijtiiie. — Colonel Louis Lay. 

SECOND REGIMENT.— Colonel J.J. Daniels. 
FouTii REGIMENT. — Colonel John Price. 


Colonel, Chas. He Choiseul; Lieutenant Colonel, James De B.aum. 

NINTH REGIMENT.— Colonel. R. Hooper: Lient. Colonel, C. C. Miller- 



Brigadier General, D. Cronan ; Major, John SirouJ, Brigade Inspector. 


Colonel, Daniel Edwards; Lieut. Colonel, Simuel XcBaraey ; Jtajor, Clias. J. 

S E C N D D I V I S I N . 

Major GererstI, R. C. Camp. 

FIR5T BEKiADE. — Brigadier General, K. C. Martin. 


Colonel, K/.ii'. Davis; Lieut. Colonel, Ad. Rest, Jr. 


Company Cfui.'^-^eurs de St. Jueiufs. — Captain, Alfred Roman; First Lioutr-nant 
Camille Miro ; Second Lieut. K. Gaudet; Coruet, Florcnt Fortier. 

Com/ian;/ Cha.meuTs St. Michel. — Captain, Narcis.^e Landry, Jr. ; First Lieutenant. 

Francis L. Haydel ; Second Lieutenant, Emile Jacobs ; Cornet. XichoUe Tecle^ 

ASCENSION EEuiMfiNT. — Coloael, John S. Minor. 


Captain, V. Maurin; Senior First Lieuteqant, J. C. Dannequin ; Junior First 
Lieutenant, Villeor Dugas ; Senior Second Lieutenant, L. D. Nichulb : Junior 
Second Lieutenant, Leitang Fortier. 


Compnmi Lnfmjrche i>r'7-/ooH.-— Ca|itain, R. G. Parden; First [,ieuteiiant. Kd. 
t'ross: Second Lieutenant, John A. Collins.; Cornet, ^L King. 

SECONti SEiGAiiK. — Lriyadicr General, C. X. Rowley. 


Colonel, Albert G. Gage; Lieutenant Colonel. F. S. Goode ; Major, James 


Captain, Joseph Avcock: FirH Lieutenant, V. A. Righter; Second Lieutenant. 


Colonel, A. L. Tucker: Lieutenant-Colonel, H. C. Wilson; Major, U. N. 

iteuant, Louis F. Sii 

T H 1 R !-> D 1 

1 U N 

Major General. George W. .Munday. 

Fiusr BRIGADE.— Brigadier General, \V. E. W'alkei uitiGAnE. — U. Barrov 


RAKISH BAST FKLiriANA — Colonel, Preston Pond. 


(Colonel, Louis Hebert; Lieutenant Colonel, F. M. Kent. 


LieutfiiRnt, Ohas. Chenetle ; Second Lieutcr.aut, 


Gaplain, W. F. Tunnard ; First Lieutenant, H. B. Monteilb ; Second Lieut., 
niesi ftourier. 

COMPANY c. — Captain L. J. Freeniaux. 

Major General, L. G. De Russey ; Lieut, Colonel, Oscar Cbaler, Paymaster; 
Major K, Jolmson, Surgeon : Maj.jr M', H. Levy, Aid. 

Brigadier General, P. Keary ; Captain D. C. Goodman, Aid. 


Colonel, A. M, Perrault; Lieut. Colonel, Andre Meynier ; Major, Lewis Stagg. 


Captain, J. D. Israel ; Second Licutcuant, J. J. Beauchamp. 

SECONii BRiGAtiE. — Brifradier General, Alfred .Mouton, 


Colonel, B, V. Fulton; Lieutenant Colonel, A. N. Ogden ; H.ijor, Louie 


Colonel, Thomas Ilerzog; Lieutenant Colonel, Thomas C. Hunt; .Major, Felix 

F I F T 11 I) I V I S I N . » 

Major General, ,racoh liumble ; .M^'jor Newton Guiie, Aid. 


Brigadier General, V. A. F, Ila.-per ; Major G. W. Hendrick, Brigade Inspector. 

TESSAS REGIMENT. — Colonel, L. Y. Reeves. 


Colonel, Asa Hawthorn; Lieutenant Colonel, Isaac Doyal. 

,sEroNii BRiGAiiE, — Brigadier. General, Fcli.x Lewis, 


i:olouel, .Jaine> \V. Berry: Lieutenant Colonel, .lobn W. Hays; Major, 
aiues Dnke. 


Colonel, K. \V. Herring; Licul.nant Colonel. Austin Miller; Major, David 




Feb. 5, 1661. Tv?o regiments of re^iiliirs of the State army organized. 

March 13. Triini^rcr made of these to Provisional Army of the Confederalf 
States. Artillery stationed in the State forts ; infantry at Peiisacola. . Tlie . 
Coloutl of the latter, A. H. Gladden, ni.ide Brigadier General, and sncceeded l.i 
Col. Daniel W. Adams. The regiment was suddenly called to Pensaoola. 

Dec. 14, 1S61. Volunteer comjianies ordered to organize into regiments. 

To complete the companies, it became necessary to call upon volunteers. 
I'ive companies tendered their servics and i\ere accepted : The Orleans Cadets 
of Xew Orlean.s. Captain C. D. Dreux. The Louisiana Guards, of New Orleans, 
Captain S. It. Todd. The Crescent Pafles, of New Orleans. Captain S. H. Fisk. 
The Grivot Guards, of Lafourche, Captain V. G. Rightor. The Shreiejiort 
Greys, of Caddo, Captain J. H. P>card. They were with the regiment st.itioned 
at VVarnngtoQ, up to June last, wlien the regiment, having received its comple- 
ment of regular companies, these coni|ianies were relieved from duty at War- 
rington. They formed themselves into a S[iecial battalion, under the command 
of Lieut. Colonel Charles D. Dreux. and Jlajor V. H. Kightor, and were ordered 
to Yorktown. Virginia. Lieutenant Colonel Dreu.x was killed whilst in the 
performance of his duties, and the battalion is now under the command of 
I.ient. Colonel V. K. Rightor. 

ISlh of April, 1861 requisition from the Secretary of War, for three thousaun 
infantry for twelve months service, received. 

As soon as this made its appearance, in all parts of the State companies weie 
organizing and tendering their services in less than five days, the numbec of 
troops oficring exceeded five thousand. 

This requisition did not state whether they were to be received by companies, 
battalions or regiments ; a subsequent requisition for .iOOO additional troops, 
received on the '.'Ist April, 1S61, gave the authority to organize them into bat- 
talions and regiments. 

The troops were arriving rapidly ; it was found expedient to establish a camp 
in the neighborhood of the City, and by order Xo. ISS, issued on the 2;uh April. 
18U1, Camp Walker was established on the Metaire Course, under the command 
of Brigadier General K. L. Tracy, first Division Louisiana Militia, detailed t'of 
that purpose. The number of troops increasing, the fear of disease in ramps. 
;ind owing to the scarcity of water, it was deemed advisaljle to transfer the 
camp to Tangipahoa, on the .Jackson Railroad. This camp was called cauij) 

The 1st Regiment Louisiana Volunteers was organized on the 2.Tth of April 
by tiie election of Albert G. Blanchard as Colonel. Wni. (".. Vincent Lieutenant- 
Colonel, and Wm. R. Shiver ns .Major, and transferred to the Confederate Slates 
on the 'JHth April and ordered to Virginia. Col. Blanchard has since been 
iippointed Brigadier Genera! in the Conlederate Army, and Lieutenant-Colonel 
Vincent elected Colonel of the Rugiiuent. 

The 2d Regiment was organized with Lewis G. DeRussy as Colonel, John W. 
^'oungas Lieutenant-Colonel, and J. T. .Norwood as .Ma/or, mustered into the 
^eivir'^L- onthe lliii Mav. isia.and ordere.l to Virginia. Colonel DeRussv havin- 
r--. , i I ,-,1 Wni'. M. Levy was elected to fill the vacancy. 

. .. : ,: r.t organized with Lev.i^ Hd.ert as Colonel, S. If. Hvams as 
1.;. ■.:-i .■ -irl, and \V. F. Tunnard ns .Major; was mustered into service on 

1.-': ■: \. ..1 : :..| to Arkansas, and from ihenre to Mi.-isouri. It participalcil 
in the battle of l.iak Hill, pel forming deeds of valor. 

The 4th P.egiment organized with R. J. Barrow as Colonel. 11. \V . Allen a^ 
I.iiutcnant-Colonel, and .-<. E. Hunter as Major. 

The 5th llegisient or-anized with Tiieo. G. Ilunl Colonel. Henrv Forno as 
l.:..utenant-Colonel, nnd' W. T. Dean Major. 


At this period, whilst other regiments were iu process of organization, the 
compaiiie? ha. ing mustered into the State s.Tvjce, to be transferreil to the Con- 
federate States, lor the period of twelve moutb<. under the Proclaniatious, after 
the transfer of the 3d Itegiincnt, a communication from the War Department 
was received, declining to accept any more regiusents unless for the term of the 
war. To this communication the governor earnestly protested, and urged upon 
the Secretary of War the necessity of accepting the regiments already organized 
for twelve months service, but with no success. 

This act of the Secretary of War created considerable excitement both at 
the camp and in the country. The men who had volunteered, sacrificing their 
all, believed they were being triHtd with, and had the effect of disorganizing 
the whole system for awhile. 

After some difficulty, the 4tli llegiment was accepted for the twelve months 
service, and was transferred on the 2Dth May, ISfil. All the influence that could 
be brought to bear upon the War Department was exercised by your fi.xcellency 
to obtain the acceptance of the ."ith Regiment, aod all the corps at Camp Moore, 
for the twelve months service, hut with no success. Still entertaining hopes 
that the Secretary of War would reflect upon ibe injury about to be inflicted 
upon the troops, by not accepting their services except for the war term, would 
reverse and order' them to be received, as origin.-illy mustered in, for twelve 
months, granted a delay in which the companies were to decide whether they 
would volunteer for the war or be disbanded. This delay was extended to the 
2r)th May. This delav having expired, and the companies still refusing to muster 
iu for the term of the war. were disbanded. On the 26th May, the governor 
received a dispatch from the War Department announcing the fact that the 
regiments aud comiianies would lie accepted for the twelve months term. It 
was received at a late liour — the morning train of the .Jackson Railroad had 
left. Upon application to Capt. .f. S. Williams, Superintendent of the road, he 
kindly offered his services to convey, by an express train, to Camp Moore, the 
orders countermanding the disbanding of the troops, but it was too late, the 
mischief had been done. A large number of companies had been disbanded, 
and were on their way home. 

Shortly after it was ascertained that twelve mouths troops would be received, 
both in the country and ciiy, the organization recommenced with redoubled 
vigor. The Cith Regiment, which had received a check, completed its organiza- 
tion, and was mustered into service on the 25th May, ISOl, aud was immediately 
ordered to Virginia. 

The Clh Regiment, organized with I. G. Seymour as Colonel, Louis Lay as 
Lieutenant-Colonel, and S. S. James as Major, "wiu mustered into service on the 
4th .lune. 18';l, and ordered to Virginia. 

The 7th Regiment, organized with Harry T. Hays as Colonel, Charles De 
Choiseul as Lreutenant-Colotiel. nud D. H. Penn, ".Major, was mustered into 
service on the .">th .June, ISOI. and ordered to Virginia. 

The 8th Regiment, organized with Ueniy li. Kelly as Colonel, F. T. Nicholls 
as Lieulcuaiit-Colonel, and .1. B. I'rados as Major, was mustereil into service on 
liie ir^th June. 

The 6th, 7th and iSlh Regiments were engaged iu the memorable battles of 
Hull Run on the 1-fth, and of .Manassas on tlic 2lst July, 18ijl, aud rendered 
important service. 

The 9t(i Regiment, organi/^ed with Richanl Taylor as Colonel, E. G. Randolph 
a~ Lieutonaut-t^donel. and X. .1. Walker, Major, h.w mustered into service on the 
.:tli Julv. l-'.;;. and ordered tu Vir;'lnia. -c 

The iu!i r; ... I .._ rr.' : .•.iiU Mandeville Marigny as Colonel. J. P. Denis 
as Lieui'- ' ■ .. . I iii .Monteil as .Major, was mustered into service 

on the ■::•'. . ; , l i < i to Virginia. 

The t ;... i; • !;;:.'.•. . : ;■;■>: v. itii S. !■'. -Mark.^ as Colonel, Robert II. Barrow 
as Lieutei.aiit-C'iliiiiLl, iun; K it. \V. liutler as .Major, was mustered into service 
on the I8th August, ISO!, and ordered to Coluiii!jus. Kentucky. This regiment 


WAS in the battle of Behnont, and was mainlj- instrumental in gaining the 
victory. Major Butler fell while gallantly leading his men , -^ , „ , 

The r'th lie-iment on'ani/.ed with Thomas M. Scott as Colonel, Wade Hough 
as Lieut'enant-Colonei, and Johu C. Nott as Major, was mustered into service on 
the 13th Augun. 1S61, and to Colunibus, Kentucky. 

The l-th I'eo-iment organized with R. L. Gibson as Colonel, Aristide Gerard 
as Lieut^enant-Colone'l, a'nd A. P. Avegno as .Major-transferred to the Con- 
federate service ou the 0th September, 1861, stationed for a long time at the 
fortifications below the city— and on the 22d November was ordered to 

The Uth and loth Ren-imcnts, were so designated by the War Department, 
and arc composed of the" troops known as the Polish Brigade. They were not 
mustered into service of the State and transferred to the Confederate States, 
and consequently I have no record of the names of the companies or officers, or 
number of men composing it. „ j t o i , t. u 

The Iptl' ni-'imeut was organized with Preston Pond, Jr., os Colonel, Enoch 
Mason as Li'eutenant-Colonel, and Daniel Gober as Major; was mustered into 
Confedcr'it.' service on tbr '2':nh .September, IS'U. 

The nth Re<^iment, or-anizcd with S. S. Heard as Colonel, Charles Jones as 
Lieutenant-Colonel, and K. 1!. Jones as Miijor, mustered into the Confederate 
service on the 29th September, 1801, and is now at Camp .Moore. 

The l*th Regiment, organiied vtith Alfred Moutou as Colonel, Alfred Roman 
as Lieutenant-Colonel, and Louis Bush as Major, was mustered into Confederate 
service on the 5th October, 18G1, and is stationed above Carrolllou 

The I9th Regiment, organized with B. L. Rodge as Colonel, D. M. Hollings- 
worth as Lieutenant-Colonel, and Major, and is stationed at Camp 

Five companies in Mav last organized as a special battalion with C. R. Wheat 
as Major was accepted and mustered into service on Gth June, 18C1, and ordered 
to Virginia. This battalion was in the battle of Manassas, and is reported as 
haviu"- prrlormed deeds of valor. . 

The tort--oiiif. regiments and battalions have been fully armed and equipped. 
The ro ■iui.,-iil'3 and battalions mustered into the State service and trausferred 
.0 the Confederacy, with tbf names of the companies, the parishes from which 
they come, the names of tho otiicers and number of men of each company, 
amounted to a toul of 19,152 men. 

The President having the appointment of Surgeons and Quartermasters, the 
names of the^e do not figure therein. The names of some officers of companies 
do not apoear on the list owing to the fact that changes being made by promo- 
tions or olherwi,=e, the olliceis to fill the vacancies were elected after the 
transfer to the Confederate States. _ _ i- „ , . 

On the l^tlt .Vpril, ISiJl, the Secretary of War made a requisition lor the 1st 
Company Louisiana Fool Uilles, under command of Capt. Henry St. Paul. 

The parishes bordering ou the Gulf coast were unprotected, and the enemy's 
fleet had been committing depredations, and threatening attack. Maj. Gen. 
Twit"" comniaiidincr the Ueimrtment, deemed it necessary to call for troops, to 
be stationed at the forts and at various points, so as to guard and protect the 
coast. Ei.'hteen companies transferred for that purpose. 

Corapauie- have been mustered for service within the State. Camp of In- 
itniction near Carrollton. on the Carrollton Railroad, under tlie command ot 
IJrigidi.-i Ceiu-nil C. A. Labuzan. 

A reciipiliilalion of t*e forces as above stated shows : 

Uegimeut of Artillery (Regulars.) 'J'> 

do. " Infantry " ''""^ 

1st, 2d, 3d, 4lh, 5th. Oth. Tth, Sth. Otn, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 
IGth, 17th. ISth and UUh, Regiments of Louisiana Vol- 
unteers...^ ^■''^|:' 

Wheat's l;Mt:ii;on ■*'' 


of Orleanij Artillery 

^c^v^ice, for State 

13 Coi 


;e of the Confederate States, 
tbe State, at Caiu[) Lewis 

Total number of troops thus far organi'/.cJ by the State 

1 Oompaiiy Orleans Chasr^eurs .' .". 

Soulakoiiski's Resiment. ^14th Ilegiment.) 

Lieut. Col. Bradford's Ke-iment, (15th Ret;inn'nt.) 

Point Goupee Light Artillery 

Washington Artillery •... 

Crescent Blues 

Donaldsonville Artillery 

Marion Infantry 

Watson's Artillery 

Carroll (iuauU 

Jackson Iteginient 


Force in the field from Louisiana, Not. 22d, ISiJl 23,577 

To prevent trafficking between the enemies fleet and a large number of small 
boats and luggers trading in the various bays, bitvons, lakes, etc., in the parishes 
bordering on the sea-shore, order issued to arrest- all offenders 12tif June. 
Captain A. 0. Murphy apjiointed and phiced in charge of the schooner Antonio 
with full authority to arrest all persons dealing with the enemy, or ]iersons of a 
suspicious character fonnd within the limits of Barrell Keys and Texas, and who 
could not prove themselves loyal to the governiuoiit 

Similar anthority given r<i Captain R. G. Darden, of Thibodaiix, and Captain 
Murphy, who made some important arrests. 

1-tth of .T;in\iaiy. ISGl. .-.n order issued for the organization of tlie militia 
throughout ;';• .~; i:- - ; -i ii.-rable opposition made thereto, — ofliccrs met with 
serious d,;. ;, ■ ■ '.■. •■ ; -'Hing attendance to drills and obedience to their 
orders, ap i : i : mod into a farce. In many parishes no objections 


ugent order i.ssued from Gov. Moore, regulating, 
and permanent 
a o'clock twice 

or-ani/.iii-and drilling militia 
Co\ut Mr:uial for trial of milit 
a week. 

Black List ordered for shirko 
ary offences. Prills ordered aft 

The followiug parishes have 

made their returns, to-wit: 

■' Natchitoches 

" Livingston 

'• St Cliarle'! 

" Carroll 

East Feliciana 


Tho troops asserablcd on Canal street, on Saturday the 'iSd November, 18G1 
n-ere passed in review by Gov. Moore, accompanied by Major General M. Lovell, 
commanding Department No. 1 C. S. A., Brigadier General Ruggles, C. S. A., 
and staffs. °Tbi5 a=;.~cmbla?e was the largest and most imposing that had ds yet 
taken place. The force out on that occasion numbered 24,551 ; absent 6402. 


roln,id—V. O.llebcrt. (api.ointed Brigadier General C. S. A., 14 August. ISfil.) 

L,>.it. Coln,i'l—Q. A. Fuller, (promoted to Colonel, Tice P. 0. Heberl, 14th 
August, 1S61.) 

Majnr D. Beltzhoover. (promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, vice Fuller, 14th 

August. 1861.) 

C„pta<)u—\l. A. Clinch, (promoted to Major, v_jce Beltzhoover, 14th August, 
ISfil ;) F. B. Brand ; .1. b! Anderson ; Ed. Higgins ; W. G. Capers ; R. L. Gibson, 
(elected Colonel of \?Ah Regiment Louisiana Volunteers ;) E. W. Rawle ; M. T. 
Squires; R. 0. Bond; W.T>. Robertson; J. B. Grayson. .Jr., (promotion from 1st 
Lieutenant: J. B. Lamon. (promoted from Ist Lieutenant. Gth September, I.S6I.1 

First LieiitenanU—i . B. Grayson, .Jr., (promoted to Capt.nin. vice Church, 
Major;) J. H. Lamon. (promoted to Captain, vice Gibson, elected Colonel) R. 
J. Bruce: E. G. Butler: L. P. Havnes : E. W. Baylor; A. V. Ogden ; .3. H. 
Stith ; W. H. Holmes, resigned 24th .June, 1861 ; Carlton Hunt ; Wm. C. 
Pinckney; Claude Gibson: H. ^V. Fowler; W. C. Ellis: L. V. Taylor; J. M. 
Johnsoa, resigned: G. R. Wilson: R. Agar; C. A. Conrad; J. F. Fuller; Jno. 
G. Eustis, rank loth July, ls61 : Bev. C. Kennedy; J. W. Gaines, ranU'Mtli 
August, 1861; Jno. G. Devereux, rank' 6th September, 1S61. 

ierond Lieutfiaiiti — John G. Eustis, promoted to 1st Lieutenant, 13th July, 
IBGl : Bev. C. Kennedy, promoted to 1st Lieutenant; R. M. Hewitt, resigned, 
June 0th, IS61 : J. W. Gaines, promoted to 1st Lieutenant : C. II. Sanford ; J. G. 
Devereux, promoted to 1st Lieutenant ; G. M. Tureaud, resigned ; W. M. BridLres ; 
B. M. Harrod : C. N. Morse; George Crane, ajipointed 5th July, ISOl: A. J. 
Quiglev, appointed ."ith Julv. 1861 : Francis Mc.Manus, appointed 5th July, Ib^l ; 
Richard Charles Cammack', appoiuted 13th July, 1861; Wm. Bullitt Jone-. 
appointed 27th Aug., 1861 ; \Vm. Taylor Mnniford, appoiuted 27th August, l.'^Ol. 


C.,k,nel—A. H. Gladden, appointed Brigadier General C. S. A. 

f.hiil. Coloml — D. Adams, promoted to Colonel, vice Gladden. 

.)/,,/,„-_C. M, Bradford, resigned, 23d July, 1861, 

C'li't'Ung — J. A. Jacques ; promoted to .Major, vice Bradford, resigned, thence 
ic) I-ieut. Colonel, vice Adams; F. 11. Farrar. promoted to .Major, vice J. .\. 
Jacques: Wm. 0. Scott; F. .M. Kent; James Strawbridge : J. T. Wheat; Thos. 
t.)verton, resigned. 27tli .Mav. 1861. S. S. Batchelor: I^ouglas West; C. A. 
Taylor: P. H.' Thom[:son ; J."H. Trevezant. appointed 2:!d July. 1861; Taylor 
Heatly, appointed 3'nh September, 1861. 

Fii'al Liciitenmiif — P. H Thompson, promoted to Captain, 1st June, 1S61 ; J. S. 
llyams. resigned; J. H. Tievezant, promoted to Captain, 2,'ld July, 1861: Taylor 
Beattv, promoted to Captain, SOth September, 18';i ; James Cooper; E, Preston , 
W, h! Sparks: J. W. Strinirtellow ; W. N. Starke. B. C. Ccnas ; Thomas Buticr. 
promoted from 2d Lieutenant, 21st May, 1861 : C. H. Tew, promoted from 2.! 
Lieutenant, 1st June, 1861: Louis Guion, promoted from 2d Lieutenant, 2:id 
July, 18i;i : W. A, Keid, promoted from 2il Lieutenant, 3nih September, 1861, 

S.rr.nd Lin/lrnmitu — Thos Butler, [ironioted to 1st Lieutenant, 21st May, 1861 : 
C, H, Tew. promoted to 1st Lieutenant, 1st June, 1861; L. Guion, promoted t.i 
'St Lieutenant. 23d, 1S61 ; W. A. Heid. promoted to 1st Lieutenant, ::'itli 


Septemlier, 1861; C. R. Benton; L. N. Olivier; R. C. Kennedy; Wm. Quirk: 
O. W. vSimpson; G. W. Mailer; R. Marston ; James Goode ; J. C. Staftbrd ; A. 
Kent; E. Eastman, elected Captain in Lonisiana Volunteers; S. ?. Senimes i 
James Nelson; John E. Austin, resigned, July 25lh, 1861 ; T. W. Behan ; G. L. 
Bond ; Louis West, appointed 21st May, 1861 ; M. Caruthers Gladden, appointed 
1st June, 1861; Paul Wm. Barbarin, appointed 30th June, 1861; Wm Paul 
Grivot; appointed 23d Auj;ust 1S61 ; Alfred Joshua Lewis, appointed 21st 
October, 1861 ; John C. Golden, appointed 2l3t October, 1861. 


A. G. Blauthard, Colonel; W.G.Vincent, Lieut. -Colonel ; W. R. Shivers, 

Montgoraerv Guards.— Mich:icl Nolan, Captain ; M. B. Gilraore, First Lieut.; 
Wm. H.irt, ScV.ond Lieut,; Sain, MrLellaiid, Jr. Second Lient. 

Louisiaiui Guards Co. B.— ('. E. Girardey, Captain ; Edgar Daqnin, First Lieut.; 
S. .McC. -Montgomery, .Second Lieut.; V. Murphy, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Davis Guards.— Hen. W. Anderson, Captain; Robt. L. Vanortern, First Lieut.; 
J. E. Burthe, Second Lieut.; A. G. Duncan, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Louisiana Guards, Co. C— Frank Rawle, Captain ; EI. W. .Montgomery, First 
Lieut.; R. H. Keunaj Second Lieut.; P. W. Senimes, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Caddo Uiiles.— C. Dailee, Captain ; C. W. Lewis, First Lieut.; J. Kashmore. 
Second Lieut.; A. Brannon. Jr. Second Lieut. 

Orleans Light Guards, Co. A. — Chas. E. Cormien, Captain ; E. Cucullu, First 
Lieut.; H. C. Parker, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Orleans Light Guards, Co. B.— T. .M. Dean, Captain; E. D. Willet, First Lieut.; 
A. Blaffer, Second Lieut.; E. A. Chadwick, Jr.- Second Lieut. 

Orleans Light Guards, Co. C— Chas. N Frost, G^iptain; Sara. R. Harrison, 
First Lieut.; W. C. Tavtner, Second Lieut.; A. A. Cummings, Jr. -Second Lieut. 

Orleans Light Guards, Co. D.— P. O'Kourke, Captain ; W. L. Randall, First 
Lieut.; llortaire Audry, Second Lieut.; J. T. Molaire, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Emmet Guard*. — James Nelligan. Captain ; Geo. .M. Morgan, First Lieut.; 
A. A. Wilkins, Second Lieut.; P. Bedell, Jr. Second Lieut. 


Louis Ct. De Russy, Colonel ; John Young, Lieut. -Colonel ; J. T. Norwood. 

Pelican Greys— A. H. Martin. Cai.tain : E. B. Stubbs, First Lieut.; S. D. Mc 
Knerv, Second' Lieut.; H. B. Iholmes, .Ir. Second Liout. 

Vienna lunes— H. W. Perrin, Captain; J. J. Neilson, First Lieut.; J. Henry, 
Second l,ieut., A. G. Cobb, Jr. .-Second Lieut. 

Moore Guards— Jno. Kelso. Captain; W. A. Croghan, First Lieut.; W. L. 
r.idge. Second Lieut.; J. Delabauty, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Vernon (luards— (.iscar -M. Watkins, (.'aptajn ; Nat. Uives, First Lieut.; E. Davis. 
Second Lieut.; II. H Stevens, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Claiborne Guards— Jno. \y. Andrews. Capt.ain ; J. B. Parham, First Lieut; 
l.-aac L. Leonard, Second Lieut.; Jno. L. Young, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Floyd Guards— Jno. W. Dunn, Captain; G. W. Dougherty, First Lieut.; D. 
W. Kelly, Second Lieut : AV. A. Draugliton, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Greenwood Guards— Wm. Floiirnov, Captain ; Alfred Flournov, Jr., First 
Lieut.; S. D. Waddell, Second Lieut.; Lucien Flournov, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Lecompte Guanls— Wm. M. Levy, Captain ; Ross K". Burke, First Lieut.: J. F. 
Scarborough. Second Lieut.; S. B. Kobertson, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Atchafihiya Guards— [I. M. Boone, Captain ; John J. McRae, First Lieut., J. 
T. .N'orwood, Second Lieut.; T. P. Ilarnianson, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Pelican Ritles— Jno. M. Williams, Captain; R. W. Ashton, Fir^t Lieul.; L. C 
Furniau, Second Lieut.; J. S. Ashlon, Jr. Second Lieut. 



Louis Hebert, Colonel ; Sam'l M. Hyams, Lieut.-Colonel Wm. F. Tunnard. 

""iMican Rifies-J. B. Viglini, Captain; John B Irring, First Lieut.; F. D. 
Tunnard Second Lieut.; Feli.x Brunot, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Pelican R^a-ers No. 1-Winter W. Breazeale, Captain ; W. Overton Brcazeale. 
First Lieut ; gIjo. Halloway, Second Lieut.; L. Caspri, -Jr. Second Lieut. 
^PelicLnRkngers No. 2_.I.' D. Blair, Captain ; S. D. Russel , First L.eut.; W m, 
E RusseU. Second Lieut.; J. M. Hyams, Jr., Jr. Second Lieut. . . ^ . „ 

Cald^vell Ouards-W. L. Gunnell, Captain; J. T. Evans, First Lieut.; L. B. 
Fluitt, Second Lieut.; Thos. J. Humble, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Iberville Grevs-C. A. Brusle, Captain; Tbos C. Brown, l-.rst Lieut.; Thos. 
G Stringer, Second Lieut.; T. R. Verbois, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Winn Ride^-D. Pienson, Captain ; ,\sa Emanuel, Firn Lieut.; Wni. Strotbev. 
Second Lieut.: W. C. Luny. Jr. Second Lieut. r- , r ■ „t ■ P 

Morehouse Fencibles-J. F. Harris, Captain ; P. C Bringham, First Lieut., P. 
I:r,„-,k> Secua^ Liviut.; W. P. Briugham, Jr. Second Lieut. 

More'hor=e Gutds-R. M. Hinson, Captain ; W. S. Hall. First Lieut.; D. C. 
Mor-ran, Second Lieut.; J. H. Bringliam, Jr. Second Lieut. 

;shreveport KaiM.'ers-J. B. Gilmer, Captain; 'SV . A Lacy, First Lieut.; O.c.r 
J Wells Second Lieut.; A. Wall .Jewell, Jr. Second Lieut. 

MonUcello RiBcs-John S. Ricbards, Captain ;W. V>. Hardeman, First Lieut.: 
W. C. Corbin, Secoud Lieut.; C. A. Heavick, Jr. Second Lieut. 


Robert I. Barrow, Colonel ; H. W. Allen, Lieut.-Colonel ; S. E. Hunter, Major 
'■^^Cf^k Umes-J. n. Wingaeld, Captain; R.' M^ Aniaker, First Lieut.: 

Corkern. i;coud Lieut.; Tbos. SpiUer, Jr. Second Lieut. „. , , ■ , v- 

Hunter Trifles Co A-E .L Pulleu, Captain; Geo. A. Neafus, First Lieu t., N 
B. Barfield, Second Lieut.; Henry Mavston. Jr.. Jr. Second Lieut. 

Hunter Rifles. Go. B-John T. Hilliard, Captain; .L P. Adams, First Lieut.. 
E. C^Holraes, Second Lieut.; F. F. Huston, Jr. Second Lieut. 

West Feliciaua lUaes-Cbas. E. Toorean, Captain ; J. ^. \\ oo.ter, Fir=i l.ieLt.. 
Wm Hear^v Secoud Lieut.: James Read. Jr. becoud Lieut. 

Latburcb-Vouards-Tbos. E. Vick, Captain; C. Belcbcr, First Lieut.; H. IX.n- 
sereau Second Lieut.; John S. Billieu, Jr. Second Lieut. 

W B-n Ro-e Tiraillcur.^-F. A. Williams. Captain ; J. A Levesque, Imi... 
Lieut., A. J. Bird, Second Lieut.; B. Landry, J/- ^'=^''"^,.'''f "J. . . , ^ ,,,,.,. 

Delta Rifle's— H. M. Favrot, Captain; 0. M. Leblanc, iir^t Lieut., L. >. luu 
ford, Second Lieut.; N. W. Pope, Jr. Second Lieut. ,.■,,,=„,,, . .^ Blum 

National Guanl.-^-H. A. Richman, Captain ; J. S. Woolt, I irst Lieut., A. bium. 
iSecond Lieut.; Ed. Ricdel, Jr. Second Lieut. p„nni„<rt,-,n Fir^i 

Lake Providence Cadet=-F. V. Wbicber, Captain; ;^\ . 1 . 1 ennington, Fii=t 
Lieut.; D. C. Jenkins. .Second Lieut.; C. U. Purdy, Jr. Second Lieut. 
Theodore G. Hunt, Colonel ; H-i.ry Forno, Lieut.-Colonel ; W. T. Dean, Major ; 
.(. B. Norris. Adjutant. .■ „ f b-.o rjr-. r ;p„t ■' Tb„^ 

Bienville Guards— M.ark L. Moore, CaMtain : Ja?. M. Codee, Fir»t Lieut., llio>. 
J. William.,, Second Lieut.; James C. Wilson. Jr. Second Lieuv 

Orleans Cadels-Cbas. Hobday, Captain ; Alex. Hart, V irst Lieut.. J. 1 . Ik.icl, 
Second Lieut.; J. B. Norris, Jr. Second Lieut. 

AiiS'raACT RErofix of the adjutant generat. 

La. Swamp R;inger3 — E. J. Jones, Captain ; C. H. Allen, First Lieut.; A. A. 
BreJon-. Second Lieut.; F. VTary, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Orleans Southrons— 0. F. Peck. Captain; Fred. Richardson, Fir.n Lieut.; N. 

A. Caul field, Second Lieut.; D. M. Sory, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Crescent City Guards— John A. Hall, Captain : R. G. Wingate, First Lieut.; 
W. \V. Marsh, Second Lieut.: L. Sawyer, Jr. Second Lient. 

Ferret (iiiards— Arthur Connor, Captain; Rufus A. Hunt, First Lieut.; Thos. 
F. Evans. Second Lieut.; A. J. Laughlin, Jr. Second Lieut. 

CluiIniLite Guards— A. E. Sliaw, Captain: Alex. Riouffe, First Lieut.; John 
McGurk, S.rond Lieut.; W. H. Pendall, .Jr. Second Lieut. 

Carol .iek-. Invincibles— Bruce Menger, Captain ; J. S. Charles, First Lieut.; 
Geo. F. White, Second Lieut.; J. H. Haworth, Jr. Second Lieut. 

DeSoto Rifles— W. B. Koont?., Captain ; (5eo. Seymour, First Lieut.; W. S. E. 
Sevey. Second Lieut.; A. H. Jones, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Monroe Guards— Thos. Dolaii< Captain; T. H. Biscoe, First Lieut.; Geo. H. 
Hinchey, Second Lieut.; R. B. Watkins, Jr. Second Lieut. 


I. G. Sevmour, Colonel; Louis Lar, Lieut. -Colonel ; S. L. James, .M.ijor. 

Irish Brigade, Co. A— James Haulon, Captain ; B. Walsh,' First Lieut.; J. B. 
Bressman, Second Lieut.; W. C. Quirk, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Irish Brigade, Co. B — Wm. Monahan, Captain; Michael O'Connor, First Lieut.; 
James 0. Martin, Second Lieut.; John Orr, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Mercer Guards— Thos. F. Walk'T, Captain; Robert Lynne, First Lieut.: Geo. 
\[. Brisbin. Second Lieut.: John G Rivera, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Violet Guards — W. H. .Manning, Captain ; Cieo. P. King, First Lieut.; Sam. 0. 
Kirk, Second Lieut.; Edward Flood. Jr. Second Lieut. 

St. Landry Light Guards— Nat. Offut, Captain; H. Hickman, First Lieut.; H. 

B. Ritchie, Second Lieut.: J. D. McCawley, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Orleaus Rifles— Thos. i". Fisher, Captain; W. H. Butrick, First Lieut ; Lewis 
liraham. Second Lieut.; C. M. Pilcher, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Tensas Rillos—Chas.'B. Teijney, Captain ; David F. Buckner, First ^ieut.: T. 
1'. Farrar, Jr., Second Lieut.; Isaac A. Reed, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Penibertou Ilangers— Isaac A. Smith, Captain ; CUo. W. Christy, First Lieut.; 
Frank Clarke, Sec^oud Lieut.: W. I'. Brewer. Jr. Seoond Lieut. , 

Tnion and Sabine lafles— Arthur .McArthur, Captain; D. M. Calliway, First 
Lieut.; J. F. Phillips, Second Lieut.; J. F. Smith, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Calhoun Guards — Henry Strong, Captain; Thos. O'Xeil, First Lieut.; J. Hogan, 
Second Lieut.; G. J. Summers, Jr. Second Lieut. 


as. De Choiseul, Licut.-Colonel ; H. B. Penu, 

D. Rickarby, Captain: Sam. Flower, First Lieut.; 
; J no. Rowan, Jr. Second Lieut. 
;rry, Captain; A. G. Tucker. First Lieut.; Wm. 
F. tiigden. Jr. Second Lieut. 

Scott, Captain ; H. Doussan, First Lieut.; P. 
Lieut.; L. H. Malarshe, Jr. Second l^ieut. 
-I). A Wilson, Jr., Captain ; C. E. Bellinger, First Lieut.; 
1 ond Lieut.; E. A. Brown, Jr. Second Lieut. 
;s— J. Marc Wilson, Captain; West Sieever; First Lieut.; 
rid Lieut.; T. 0. .Morgan, Jr., Jr. Second Lieut. 
Co. U— G. T. Jelt, Captain; W. P. Harner. Fir-t Lieut.; 
Second Lieut.; Iknrv Grimslmw, Jr. Second' Lieut. 



Ilarrv T. 



Major. ■ 




D. I 

Samuel Bre\ 

•er, Se 





— T. 

M. T 

Patterson, S 



; W, 



— Ro 



Crescent Kifles, Co. C— S. U. Gilraim, Captain; W. C. Driver, First Lieut. ; 
J. H. Dawson, Secoad Lieut.; (^onrad Gruen, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Coutinental Guards— Oeorgc Cl.ark, Captain ; A. W. Merriam, First Lieut.: 
E. McFarlanc, .'-'erond Lieut.; Aaron Uavis, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Baton Rouge Fencibles — Andrew S. Herron, Captain , J. Duncan Stuart, First 
Lieut.: Oscar H. Foreman, Second Lieut.; .Inc. H. New, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Irish Volunteers— W. R. Ratlitr, Captain; L. X. Hewit, First Lieut.; S. Rey- 
naud. Second Lieut.; Thos, Kenegan, Jr. Second Lieut. 


H. B. Kelly, Colonel ; F. T. Xicliolls, Lieut.-Colone! ; J. B. Prados, Major. 

Rapides Invincibles— Lee Crandell, Captain; Henry Hine, First Lieut.; A. \V. 
Davis, Second Lieut.; W. K. Johnson. Jr. Second Lieut. 

Fhccni.f Company— L. D. Xicholls, Captain; Vr. St. Martin, First Lieut.; \V. 
\V. Martiu, Second Lieut.; Wm. Sinims. .Ir. Second Lieut. 

iiienvillc i:i!le= — Aug. Larose, Captain; Wm. Crayon, First Lieut.; P. L. 
JIailloux, Second Lieut.; F. Uorges, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Creole Guard-;— J. L. Freuiaux, Captain; A. L. Gusman, First Lieut.; T. P. 
Lewis, Second Lieut.; G. W. McGimsey, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Franlclin Slinrp Shooters— G. A. Lester, Captain; Xewton Z. Ciuice. First 
Lieut.; IJobt. Montgomery, Secoml Lieut.: Jos. Bryan, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Suniter Guard.? — F. Xewman, Captain; F. M. Harvej-, First Lieut,; Wun 
DeBolla, Second Lieut.; F. F. Wilder, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Attakapas Alo.\. DcBlanc, Captain; E. LeBianc, First Lieut.; Geo. X. 
Stubinger, Second Lieut.; Cbas. Duchamp, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Cbenevville Rifles— P. F. Krarv, Captain; J. M. Burgess, First Lieut.; W. II. 
Oliver, Second Lieut.; Jno. M. Murphv, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Opelousa5 Guards— James C. T'ratl, Captain ; John Taylor, First Lieut.; G. W. 
Hudspeth, Second Lieut.; Albert Dejeau, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Mioden Blues — Juo. L. Lewis, Captain; B. F. Simms, First Lieut.; J. li. 
Tompkins. Second Lieut.; W. C. Roclcwell, Jr. Second Lieut. 


Richard Taylor, Colonel: E. G. TIamlolpb, Lieut.-Colonel ; \V. J. Walker, 

Bossier Volunteers- John II. Hodges, Captain; F. V. Hughes, First Lieut,; R. 
T. Crawford. Second Lieut.; 11. J. Hancock, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Bienville Blues— W. B. Pearce, Captain ; J. Cronau Eagan, First Lieut.; C. W. 
Ardis, Second Lieut.: J. C. Thcus, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Brush Valley Guards— W. F. Gray, Captain ; Grove Cook. First Lieut.; J. M'. 
Milton. Second Lieut.; John Potts, Jr. S'econd Lieut. 

DeSoto Blues— H. L. William--. Captain ; W. F. T. lieunett. First Lieut.; V. F. 
Jackson, Second Lieut.; X. .\. Sutlierlan. Jr. Second fiieut. 

Colyell Guards— J. S. Gardner, Captain; .J. 15. Dunn. First Lieut.; A. A 
Scbneltory. Socnnd Lieut : P. S Gardner, Jr. Second Lieut. 

■T.:>:'.- li G:. .T i:. :"' r. ,:',,':.'■, I" !.'.;:, ; f". vr. McCranie, First Lieut.: Yi. 

v. . ■'■ ■ •! '. ' '. ' , M . ■; , .hin. J. SlocomI), First Lieut.: 

;■;: ■ " .- .'vl I.I. ;:r .'..;i'. ;■:. i a..-i:i, ,!r. --oind Lieut. 

;■■ i;. L. Ca;..;; Cai.tain; AIIV.,.! lUa.-kman, Fir>t Lieut.: I;. 

■:; , - i Lieut.: Wilber F. i;hickman..Ir. S,.,.nd I.i.ut. 

< :: ' — L. A. StalVnrd. Captain; Smith (Jinduu. Fiist Lieut.: C. IV 
\V;li, I.-. .-,ci.i:,; l.ieut.: W. T. Ciimraings, Jr., Jr. Secoiid Lieut. 

.Milliken Bend— W. R. I'c.k, Captain ; Geo. D. ShaJliurne, F.r.n Lieut.: 
R. G. Reading, Serond Lieut.: '/.. C. Williams, Jr. Second Lieut. 

!i.';:>,1 I' '/ 



Major.''r i""?h ^^°Sers-W^H. Spencer, Captain; M. J. Prudhomme, 
I onuLnV ^' ,f^'^"d'>|'7'''^,^;-<=^"d L.eut.; E. A. Seaton, Jr. Second Lieut. ' 
Louisiana K..bols-John M.Leggett, Captain; J. E. Cuculu, Fust Lieut.: E 

Miltenberser Second Lieut.; Albert Pagnier, Jr. Second Lieut 

Orleans Blues-W. B. Barnett, Captain; Chas. Roussell, First Lieut - " ■ 
.leut.; B. Clague, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Derbigny Guards-L. T. Bafcewell, Captain; E. W.' Huntington, Fir.t Lieut ■ 
E. Fellows, fcecond Lieut.; H. C. Marks, Jr. Second Lieut ' 

Lon.s>anaS«-ampRifles-I)W. Dickey, Capt.ain; Albert Fabre, First Lieut.- 
P. K. Merrill, Second Lieut.; S. CucuUu, Jr. Second Lieut 

r iJ",ir"R"v '^'•-•^'f "^ AVaggaman, Captain ; Alph. Canonge, First 
Lieu .; H. Monier, Second Lieut.; Paul Forstall, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Orleans P-angers-Ldward Crevon, Captain ; G. A. Renaud, First Lieut ■ J P 
MoDt.amat, Second Lieut.; L. A. Revolle, Jr. Second Lieut ' ' 

Hawkins Guards-Chas. F. White, Captain ; J. H. Williams, Fir^t Lieut ■ 
Ernest Webre, Second Lieut ; W. L. Hawkins, Jr. Second Lieut. ' 

Ma^or""^ ^^'''^^' *^°''^°^^' ^"'"■■'■' "• Harrow, Lieut.-Colouel ; E. G. W. Butler. 

Cannon Guurds-J. E. Austin, fUptain ; R. J. Alexander, First Lieutenant- 
James Lmga.i, Second Lieut ; Robert L. Hughes, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Dllon Guards-M. W. lurphy, Captain; J. P. Fallon, First Lieut.; A. F. 
Martin, Second Lieut.; R. K. Brodc-rick, Jr. Second Lieut 

Holmes Light Guards— J. H. McCann, Captain; J. G. White Fir^t Lieut ■ M 
Cunningham, Second Lieut.; John Cunningham, Jr. Second Lieut ' ' ' ' 

Rosale Guards-John J. Barrow, Captain; G. M. Miller, Firs't Lieut,- C J 
Johnson. Second Lieut.; U. B. Haynes, Jr. Second Lieu^ 

Point Coupee Volunteers— Willie Barrow, Captain; T. J. Bird, First Lieut - 
CD. Fayrot, .second Lieut.; A. LeBlanc, Jr. Second Lieut 

Westbrook Gua.-ds-W. Weslbrook, Captain: A. Cazebat, First LieiU ■ Ben 
Turner, Second Lieut.; Rob. R. Dennison, Jr. Second Lieut 

Labauve Guards-J. A. Ventre.Hs, Jr. Captain; J. R. Mims, First Lieut ■ John 
Marcot, Second Lieut.; Jos. Warro, Jr. Second Lieut. ' 

UvIZrZT !'T'"''r-T- Sf'""^^' J-aptain; L. L. Butler, First Lieut.; J. R. 
Iljams, Second Lieut.; Jos. Strauss, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Continental Company C— J. G. Fleming, Captain; T. W. Peyton Fim 
l.ieut.;KH.Babin, Second Lieut.; L. M.Sones, Jr. Second Lieut. ' ' 

( atahoula Greys-Ale.x. Mason, Captain ; Richard H. Harris, First Li»iit • S 
I'. Ivouth, becouJ Lieut.; A.- \. Spencer, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Ma'-or"^' ■''°°"' ■"'''°"' '-"°'''"'^'; ^^'- "• "oi'gl", Lieut.-Colunel : J. C. Knou, ' 

Claiborne Guards— [sanih. Lcnnard, Captain ; Noel L Wilson First 1 ieut ■ R 
Evans, Second I. iiut.: R. A. Crow, Jr. Second Lieut ~ ' ■ •> ■ 

Independent l:.ingers-D. L. Kicks. Captain; J. \V. \iu<y. Fir- Li-,,. ■ T r 
■iHhuson, .Second Lieut.; E. McX. Graham, Jr. .s.^coiid,1. ' ' ' 



. Jackson SUarii-^hooters — J, 11. Sfale, Captain; J.S.Reno, First Lieut.; J. W. 

il -lackson, Second I.ieut.; W. P. (Ihit, Jr. Second Lieut. 

ff Farmer Gunrdj— (:. W. Hodge. Captain; J. E. Woodward, First Lieut.; E. T. 

Sellers, Second Lieut.; W. L. .Atnoneit, Jr. Second Lieut. 

North Louisiana Cadets — J. T. Jourdan, Captain ; H. J. Chapman, First Lieut.: 
J. W. Sandefurd. Second Lieut.; J. N. Atkins, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Arcadia Icvincihles — C. T. Standifer, Captain; B. \\". Glover, First Lieut.; D. 
S. Butler, Second Lieut.; J. D. C.ivens, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Caldwell Inviucibles— .James A. Boyd, Captain; F. A. Blanks, First Lieut.; T. 
C. Hill, Second Lieut.: Jno. Myer.s, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Southern Sentinels— John A". l)i.i:ou. Captain: J. U. Bevell, First Lieut.; Thos. 
J. Tiddlie, Second Lieut.; Wm. Miles, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Beauregard Fencibles— Henry McCain, Captain; B. H. Meam, First Lieut.; Jno. 
F. Brantley, Second Lieut.; Isaiah IL Lacey, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Farmer "Rangers— B. D.Owen, Captain; W. M. Fuller, First Lieut.; \X. A. 
Ponder, Second Lieut.; G. T. Johnston, Jr. Second Lieut. 

thirtep:n-th reglment of Louisiana volunteers. 

Randall Gi'ijun, Coloael; Ari.stide Gerard, Lieut-Colonel; Anatole P. Ave;;no, 

First Comn:\uy Governor Guards— Aug;usie Cassard, Captain ; Chas. Richard 
First Lieut.: N'ictor -Mossy, Second Lieut.; Victor 01i?ier Jr. Second Lieut. 

Second Company Goveraor G:;anls— J. Freiuaux, Ca[>tiuu ; B. Bennett, First 
Lieut.; C. 11. Lu?. nhurg. Second Lieut.; Chas. Ilepbarn; Jr. Second Lieut. 

Third Cnnii^iny Governor Guirds — Bernard -Vve^'iio, Captain ; St. Leon Deetez, 
First Lieut.; Henry Castillo, Second Lieut.; Eugene Lagarique, Jr. Second Lieut.. 

Fourth Company (Governor Guards— M. O. Tracy, Captain ; Hugh 11. Bein, 
First Lieut.; EuEreue Blasco, Second Lieut.; Geo. W. Boylon, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Fifth Company Governor Guards— F. Lee Campbell, Captain ; John M. King, 
First Lieut.; J. B. Sallaude, Second Lieut.; Norman .Story, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Si.\th Company Governor Guards — E. W. Dubroca, Captain; John McGratli, 
F'irst Lieut.; A. M. Dubroca, Second Lieut.; Robert Cade, Jr. Secoud Lieut. 

St. .Mary Volunteers — Thos. G. Wilson, Captain; James Murphy, First Lieut.; 
H. H. Strawbridge. Second Lieut.. Adolph Dumartrait. Jr. Second Lieut, 

Gladden Rilles- Wm, A. Metcalfe, Captain; John W. Labuisse, First Lieut.; 
Walter V. Crouch, Second Lieut.; E. B. Musgrove, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Southern Celts— Stephen U'Leary, Captain ; John Daly, First Lieut,; E, J, 
<.'onnolly, Second Lieut.; John Dooley, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Norton Gu.Trds — Geo. W. Norton, Captain ; .M. Huuly, First Lieut.; A. S. Stuart, 
.Second Lieut.; Geo. Camniack, Jr. Second Lieut. 


Preston Pond, Jr., Colonel; Enoch Mason, Lieut. -Colonel ; Daniel Gobcr, 

Caddo Fenciblcs— R. H. Lindsey, Captain; C.Ford, First Lieut.; T. G. Pcgues, 
Second Lieut.: P. H. Kyes, Jr. Second Lieut. 

East Feliciana Guards — James 0, Fuqua, Captain ; L, G. Chapman, First Lieut : 
Oliver O. Cobb, Second Lieut,; Thos, J, Fuqua, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Edward Guards— M. S. Edwards, Caiilain: S. A. Haden, First Lieut.; A. .\. 
Harvey. Second Lieut.: Isaac Roberts, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Pine Wood Sharp Shooters— Calvin E. Hosea, Captain; L, J. Scawell, First 
Lieut.; Neal C. Regan, Second Lieut., Adam G. Johnson, Jr. Second Lieut. 

St, Helena Rchels— D, W, Thompson, Captain; E, J. Ellis, First Lieut,; J. F. 
Kent, Second Lieut,: W, G, William-;, Jr. Second Lieut. 

_ Walker Roughs— W. E, Walker, Captain; J. W. Addison, First Lient.; Horner 
i'.. Cozzens, Second Lieut,; Hiram Tumage, Jr. Second Lieut, 

V'.l'/1iR,l .i' ..,- ,.{■■■ 


Kapidoa Tigers— F.L. Ragsdale, Cantain ; J. M. MoFeeley, First Lieut.; Stcpliei: 
Li-ci:k. Second Liuiit.; J. McArthur, Jr. .--^-coiid Lieut. 

"Castor Guards— \V. T. Mabry, Caiitain ; K. I-]. Cockerham, First Lieut.; .J. A. 
Kooiicr, Second t.iciit.; .J. W. Noling, Jr. iSecond Ideut. 

Big Cane Ritlt3—\\"m. G. Ellertje, Captain ; Louis Stagg, First Lieut.; John 
I'. Davis, Second Lieut.; Paulin Stagg, Jr. Second Lient. 

Evergreea Invincibles— Fred. Wliitf, Captain; B. P. Oliver, First Lieut.: AV. 
T. Fuqua. Second Lieut.; Cepliug Tliomiisou, Jr. Second Lieut. 


S. S. Heard, Colonel; Cbarles Jonea, Lieut. -Colonel ; h. B. Jones, .\Lijov. 

Sabina Rifles— D. W. Self. Captain ; L. J. Nash, First Lieut.; M. A. Thompson. 
Second Lieut.; S. T. Sibley. Jr. Second Lieut. 

Catahoula Guards— W. A. Beddett, Captain; T. 0. .Hyaes, First Lient.; J. S. 
Jones, Second Lieut.; AVin Scott. Jr. Second Lieut. 

I'hosnix Rifles— J. G. Tavlor, Captain ; S. Sjiwyer, Fir.n Lieut.; S. W. Tevlor. 
Second Lieut.; R. \Y. Futc'h, Jr. Seo.mid Lieut. 

Morehouse Soutlirons— W. M. Ottcrson, Captain; F. M. Grant, First Lieut. 
IL J. Sievens, Second Lieut.; M. S. Huuter, Jr Second Lieut. 

Catahoula Rebels— R. H. Cuny, Captain; J. Q. A. Talliaferro, First Lieut.; 
(Jarter Beaman, Second Lieut.; A. Whitehead, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Simmons Stars — T. P. Richardson, Captain ; W. A. Simmons, First Lieut.; W. 
Raymond, Second Lieut.; G. VT. Welib, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Ouachita Southrons— .\1. Rogers, Captain; B. W. Currougb, First Lient.; 1'. 
il. Garlington, Second Lieut.; S. G. McGuire, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Caddo Lake Boys- J. A. Jeter, Captain; F. G. Spernian, First Lieut.; F. G. 
Biokani, Second Lieut.: J. C. Allen, Jr. Second Lient. 

Landruna Guards— Thos. A. Sharp, Captain; T. H. Triplet, First Lieut., J. C 
Kenney, Second Lieut; H. E. Allen, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Claiborne Invinciblcs— W. A. Maddox, Captain; Jno. G. Heard, First Lieut.; 
G. M. Killgone, Second Lieut.; J. A. Simmons, Jr. Second Lieut. 


Alfred Mouton, Colonel; Alfred lioman, Lieut. -Colonel ; Louis Bush, Major. 

Chasseurs St. Jacipies — E. Caniille Mire, Captain ; L. L. Arniaad, First Lieut.; 
S. Alex Poche, Second Lient.; Ben S. \Velire, Jr. Second Lieut. 

St. James Rifles— Jules A. Druilhet, Caiitnin : Eniile Jacob, Fir.=5t Lieut.; C. ^L I 

Shcppcrd, Secoiiil Lieut.: Oct. Jacob, Jr. Second Lieut. ' 

Arcadian Win. Mouton, Captain; A. P. Bailey. First Lieut.: F. T. ! 

Conieau, Second Lieut.; O. Broussard, Jr. Second Lient. 

St. Landry Volunteers- H. L. Garb.nd, Capt.; Chas. I)., First Lieut.: 
Jacoli Aii.= eliii, Sicond Lieut.; Ad. Heliaillori, Jr. Second Lieut. 

N .; l,i;-;:- i:,l,el3— J. D. Wood, Captain; W. P. Owens, First Lieut.: Theu- 
1,. , ; - I i tit.; Emile Cloutier, Jr. Second Lieut. 

■ • ' . ■des— J. K. Gourdain, Captain; John A. Collins. First Lieut ; 
J. ;;. 1, -ucond Lieut.; C. Gautreau, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Hays Champions- J. D. Hayes, Captain; B. M. Sanders, First Lieut.; J. I'. 
Elie, Second Lie:it.: Dudley Avery, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Confederate Guards- Henry Hunlingtinn, Captain ; Paul B. Leeds. Fir;'' 
Lie;it.; B. S. Story, Second Lieut.; A. J. Wall, Jr. Second Lieut. 


R. L. Hodge, Colonel; J. M. HoUingsivorlh. Lieut.-Colouel. 
Vance Guard-"— Richard W, Turner, Captain; E. C. Anderson, First Lieut; 
X. B. Broughtou. Second Lieut.; M. C. Cnvett, Jr. Second Lieut. 


Hriirv Marshall Guards— H. J. Fortson. Capt; H. H. Handley, First Lieut.; 
J 1! Ekstham, SecomI I. ieul.: W.H. Turin, Jr. Second Litut,. 

Kcaihi \Varriors--D. S. Wells, Captain; George Headritk, First Lieut.; K. M, 
Woodruff Second Lieut.; J. W. Jones, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Kobins' Greys— Loudou Butler, Captain; E. E. Robins, First Lieut.; J. L. 
Mai>ples, Second Lieut.; A. =ii. Skannal, .Jr. Second Lieut. 

Claiborne Voluntt-ers— H. A, Kennedy, Captain; Juo. T. Spears, First Lieut,; 
S \ Hitrhtower Second Lieut.; J. W. Obauivore, Jr. Second Lieut. 
" 'stars of Equalilv— H. H, Ham, Captain; J. B. Sanders, First Lieut.; Toddy 
Viobinson, Second Lieut.: W, R. Robert, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Caddo 10th— W. P. Winaus, Captain; Camp Flournoy, First Lieut.; .). 1. 
Bridges, Second Lieut,; Silas Flournoy. Jr. Second Lieut 

(laiborno Grevs— W. B. Scott Captain; R. P, Uebb, Fir>t Lieut,; C. L. 
Weldin, Second Lieut.; -J. N. Leyerett, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Major— C. R. Wheat 
Walker Guards— Rnht. A. Harris, C.iplain ; E. B. Sloane, First Lieut,; W. H, 
Keru'in Second Lieut,: Jno, Covle, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Old Dominion Guards— 0. P." Miller, Captain; W. D. Tobin, First Lieut.; A, 
C Dickinson, Second Lieut,: A. E. Read, Jr. Second Lieut. 

'Tiger Rifles— Alex White, Captaiu ; T. W. Adrian, First Lieut.; Edward 
Hewitt Second Lieut,; Sam P. Duchene. Jr. Second Lieut. 

Delia Rangers-H. C, Gardner, Captain ; T, A. Ripley, First Lieut.; M. Ea..tman, 
Second Lieut,: C, A, Petman. Jr. Second L!cut._ p- , f . 

Catahoula Guerrillas— J W, Buhoup. Captam ; J. ^^ . Spencer, First Lieut,, 
Wm, Guss, Second Lieut.; M. J. Liddell, Jr. Second Lieut. 


Orleans Cadets— Charles D. Dreux, Captain; H, F. Bond, First Lieut.: W. R, 
C-oUin^, Second Lieut.; Theo. Zacharie, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Shreveport Grevs— J. H. Beard, Cai.tain; George Williamson, 1-irst Lieut.: 
Leon D. Marks, Second Lieut.; B, L. Hodge, Jr. Second Lieut, „ „ •„ 

Grivot Guards— V. H, Rightor, Captain ; F. S. Goode, Fust Lieut,; U. B. Duuri. 
Second Lieut ; Jos. A. Gagnc, Jr. Second Lieut. . 

Crescent Rifles, Co. A— S. F. Fisk, Captain; Tbaddeus Sinit^b, First Lieut.; 
W T, X. Robertson, Second Lieut.; Thos. A. Farris, Jr. Second Lieut. Guards— S. M. Todd, Captain; Chs. E. Fenner, Iirst Lieut.; Henry 
Picrson, Second Lieut.; V. J. B. Girardey, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Commanded hy MaJ.jr A. Reichard, /<-r 12 .Vo;,th Sm-lce [at C:n,j, Larls.) 
Turner Guards— Fred. Bahucke. Captain; Tho? Von Arnulinscn, First Lieut,; 
Th. Eicholz, Second Lieut.; Th. Schneider, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Steuben Guards-F, Burger, Captain; G. Kehrwakl, First Lieut.; S. Rosen- 
baura, Second Lieut,; Jno, llausner, Jr. Second Lieut. ,,'-/.,, 

Reichard RiHes— F. Reitmevcr. Captain; Otto Weise, Wrst Lieut.; Charles 
DePef/., Second Lieut.; F. II, MiiUer, Jr, Second Lieut, ,,,,,. , , . , 
Louisiana Volunteers— Chas. Assenheimer, Captain; V. Ruhl, l-irst Lieut,; L 
VonZinken, Second Lieut.; Julius Durrel, Jr. Second Lieut. 

It A T T A L I N F A R T 1 L L E R ^' , 
For 12 .Uonlhs Stat'- Sm-ic. 
First Co. Orleans ArtiUciy— F. Gomez, Captain; P. A. Cionie/., First Lieut.; 
K, K. Lehman, Second Lieut,; P, .Marrero, Jr. Second Lieut. 


Second Co. Orleana Artillery— Jag. P. Merlot, Captain; Fred. Latil, Fir-' 
Lieut.; Geo. F. Burthe, Second I/n.ut. 

Third Co. Orleans Artillery— G. Stromever. Captain; A. A. Canon, First 
Lieut.; C. R. Fagot, Second Li'eiit.; X. Selle,' Jr. .-^ccond Lieut. 

Fourth Co. Orleans Artillery— J. T. Theard, Captain; E. Volaire, First Lieut.; 
L. E. Lemane, Second Lieut. " « 


Persererance Guards — .Jobii Rareahide, Captain; Henry L. Blovr, !'ir3t Lieut. r 
Henry Kareslude, Second Lieut.; E. P. Raresbide, Jr. .Second Lieut. 

Black Yagers— C. Rabenborst, Captain ; J. flullet, First Lieut.; H. Jliller, 
Second Lieut.; H. B. Chandler, Jr. Second Lieut 

Co. A. Sappers and .Miners — John Ryan, Captain ; Geo. Nunge?3er, First 
Lieut.; Geo. H. Moran, Secoud Lieut.; Thos. J. Koyster, Jr. Second Lieut. 

\Va?hiagtou Light Infantry— James T. Plattiruie'r, Captain; A. A. Plattsmier, 
First Lieut.; James L. Lambert, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Co. C. Orleans Cadets — .Josopb Collins. Captain ; John T. Savery, First Lieut.; 
Jno. G. Wire. Jr. Second Lieut. 

Co. A. Screwmen Guards — .~^am. G. Ri5k, Captain ; James Gibney, First Lieut.; 
Wm. McGret'or. Second Lieut.; Nicholas Phelaa, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Marion Guard-— R. L. Robertson, Jr. Captain ; W. H. Wells, First Lieut.; Ben. 
Oppenheim, Second Lieut.; C. Fitzenreter, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Yager Company — F. Peters, Captain; P. Simon, First Lieut.; Chas. Wermes, 
Second Licul.; C. Yacobs, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Scotch RiBe Guards— George PurTis, Captain; J. L. Henderson, First Lieut.: 
J. R. Dick?on, Second Lieut ; Thos. Frascr, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Co. B. Screwnien Guards- J. C. Batchelor, Cautain ; R. W. Stanley, First 
Lieut.: D. O'Sullivan Second Lieut.; A. R. Jr. Second Lieut. 

Allen Guards- S. Jones, Captaiu; Thos. K. Pearson, First Lieut.; W. S. 
Jones, Second Lieut.; Robert Manser, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Twiggs Ritles— D. H. Marks, Captain; Henry T. Hcpp, First Lieut.; W. C. 
Morrell, Second Lieut.; Lewis L. Ellis, Jr. Second Lieut. 

St. Mary Cannouiers — F. 0. Coruay, Captain: Jules G. Oliyier, First Lieut.; 
Geo. 0. Foo'.e, Second Lieut.: M. T. Sordv, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Co. A. Oilcans Blues- Richard Herrick, Captain: E. F. Stevens, First Lieut.; 
.-1. L. Bishop. Second Lieut.: A. Bobet, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Florence Guards — II. Brummerstadt, Captain ; E. Lacheumeyer, First Lieut.; 
U. Wasserogel. Second Lieut.; V.d. Warburg, Jr. Second Lieut. g^ 

McCall Guards— Chas. H. Herrick, Captain; Emile Bloom, First LTcut.; J. D. 
.■^cott, Second Lieut.: Leon LeGardeur, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Co. B. Orleans Blues— Sam. lioyd, Captain: Robt. U. Breeden, First Lieut.: 
Jno. Baker, Second Lieut.; Patrick Clarke, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Tirailleurs d'Orleans— A. Tissot. Captain ; P. Canonge, Jr. First Lieut.: Loui- 
Barron, Second Lieut.; J. L. Biir£;a«. Jr. Secoud Lieut. 

Co. B. Twi-irs Rules— Washiu-tou Marks. Captain : Oliver Locke, First Lieut.; 
M. H. Marks, Second Lieut.: S:iiii. Barnes, Jr. Secoud Lieut. 

\'eotress Lite Guards— Jos. (iohlnian, Captaiu, Ed. Thomas, First Lieut: 
Wm. Sylvester. Secoml Lieut.; Chas. Calhoun, Jr. Second Lieut. 

.\NM.VL KKl'OKT SlWii: DKCE.IfBKH 10, 1> 

January I'Ttii, Ls^;;;. — Gov. Moore is.sues an order lor the c.'l 
:iniversa'ry of the d.ay the State seceded ('iTth Jao . 'UIJ. by mi 



{ i 

to roi. 

lit 1 




k -1 









leni fo 













of t 


February 17th.— First and Second Brigade, voluQteer troops, ordered to be 
ready for njarcliing ou tneiily-foiir hours notice. 

Febni.iry 23d.— First Brig. tde, volunteer troops, and Second 1-a. Militia, ordered 

". G. Mullen, stationed near the forts to harrass the 
1 pirogues for penetrating- lakes and bayous, 
formed into the Pluropeaa and French Brigades— nuni- 
;d nsii4 men, who did duty when the city fell, and for 
naintained peace and order, 
rnen oiv'anized under Dr. W. E. Stone. 
Match 24th, 1862.— A regiment of free colored natives, tender their service; 
to the State, and are accepttd. Gen. Butler, subsequently, after the fall of the 
city, attempted to revive it, but prior to Dec. 't:2, only fiftv of the old organi- 
zation responded to the call. A call made for shot guns and other fire arin.-^. 
which was responded to. Chains, cables and anchors seized from extortioners 
for making raits near the forts, under order by L. E. Forstall and Thos. E. 
Adams, and Geo. H. Bier, of C. S. Xavy. A large number exempted by the 
State from military duty for government work—the contractors for these works 
using freely the right of e.vempting all persons in public employ, especially 
those building the Louisiana and .Mississippi. 
- February 24th. — Gen. Lovell has the Galveston and Cnarles Morgan which 
have been seized, fitted out as gunboats, and named respectively the (Jen. Quit- 
man and Gov. Moore. Beverly Keunon, Commander of the latter, James .Duke, 
and Fred. Frame, oflicers. Engineers: G. Wetter, R. P. Fortune, A. Gleason, K. 
0. Brien, of the Gen. Quitman ; A. Grant, jr. '''ommander, S. Marcev, First Offi- 
cer; W.J. Irvine, Second Engineer; H. Behrens, A. Smith, P. Thompson. J. 
Smith; these participated in the naval battle aud behaved gallantly. 

Judge J. W. Andrews, Major John Stroud, jr., Maj. E. C. Hancock, and Ph. B. 
Boisfontaine, [lut in charge of the Passport Bureau. Lieutenants U. Lewis, \V 
E. Gordon, R. L. Butler, K. E. McKreevy, A. Chalaire, jr., J. H. Bernos and F. 
Toca, were appointed to examine passports on the different roads. 

March iDth— .Martial lav>- proclaimed in Orleans, Jefferson and St. Bernard 
Crescent Artillery, Company A, placed on the Louisiana. 

April nth.— The enemy with a large lieet have crossed the off the Balize 
and are operating with gunboats and mortar fleet. Boralmrdment continued 
without cessation, until April 2.ith, aud subsct{uently thereto. The troops in 
the fort act heroically. The Ram Mississippi — a mystery thus far, was not 

April 24th.— Three gunhoals have passed the forts and arc on their wav up. 
The people have not anticipated the event, and the excitement is great. .Militia 
placed under arms — the city filled with startling rumors, as to whether the 
advance would be made by water or land. Gov. .Moore left with tlie archives. 
-Militia, in the midst of great consternation and excitement, detached to perform 
(. i police duty. 

- I -^pri' 25th.— Twenty Fe.leral gunboats at Packwood's Plantation. 20 miles 

l| '•elo'^- the city. Gen. Lovtil calls at 9 o'clock, and invites Gens. Lewis and 

.r| fJrivot. to proceed to the fortilications. Before reaching there the eueniv make 

i f the attack, and the State tronps forced to abandon the guns. An order was now 

y 8'^'^" •" evacuate the city, and State troops were making their way out. The 

I Federal gun boats reach the city; the rain meanwhile [lOuring down in torrents. 

A ' --^ll of the druys and carts impressed to ship off to stores to" Camp Moore nnd 

'^ Monroe. All cotton ordered to be destroyed and few bales escaped. 

April 3oLb.— State government li.\-ed at" O[ielousas, which place Gov. Moore 
lid Gen. Orivot. reached on the ISth of May. 
:| May 19th.— Gen John O. Pratt, in command at .Vew Iberia. ICnemy in po--- 

- " session of the road from Algiers to Berwick's Bay. 

Sixty-four of the 2l5t Indiana, lake a schooner in the Grande Caillou with 
ais. The Colonel ot the Terrebonne Regiment called a meeting, and projiosed 

an attac 



was not m 


«-ith Fe. 


al sold 

crs, two ot 


day four 



of the 2l3 



d in front of their 



an in 

valid, to- 


whicli « 

then b 

urned. Tl 

^ } 

May 2 


— ra[, 

. E. W. Fu 




t Brashear 



Seven or eight young men captured a ■B-ac^.-~ 
latter killed, and two M-ounded. The foliowi::; 
liana, comraandod by Col. Keith, ."ieized fourts^- 
ion a rope was suspended. J. K. Rond, 60 jtA.-- 
' with his family was driven from hi.= hoii-->. 
il was burned, and the property of Dr. Jennia?. 
of the St. .Martin Rangers, to'get rid of the=. 
1 immediately put his men on board, and mcti 
rds New Orleans. He captured an uptrain at Raceville, and another at D-- 
Allemands. There still reuiaincd one loeomntive in Algiers, opposite ^t-v 
Orleans. To prevent this from leaving, Capt. Fuller double-quicked ten mil»^ -j 
Jefferson, and cut a 100 foot creva.=se, tooix up the rails of the track and carr.-i 
them off. He also burned the bridges, doing much of his work in sight of ar, 
armed vessel. The enemy again appearing at Thihodeanx. 

June 3d— Lieut. Colonel V. A.Fournet with th? Vellow-Jacket Batallion. laii 
in wait for their train and killed fiO, causing them to retreat. Large numbers 
of river boats, which in ordinary times ran up and down the .Mississippi aci 
its innumerable tributaries, took refuge by wi,y of Red Kiver and Aehafalava., 
iu the iununievable net work of lagunes and bayous, whose names and course 
were hardly well-known, even by hunters and fishermen. ■ Amon<' other boar = 
was the Tow Hoat, J. L. Webb, fitted out as a sea-going Steame^ at that tim- 
hidden back, and stealthily taking on board 300 bales of cotton. She wis 
seized, and afterwards kept the bayous back to Red River, clear of any Federa; 
Boats, drawing only TJ feet of water. Capt. Jas. McCloskey, and subsequeinlr 
Major A. W . .^IcKee, were her commanders. 

June 4th— Lieut. Wood.?, the only person who could be found who had anv 
practical knowledge of the uiatier employed at the Franklin. Foundry to make 
.shot and cannister. Agents sent out to hunt rifle powder. An imprompta 
battery rigged out from a few eld howitzers damaged about the rims, which have 
been picked up from various poiuts, and which only want harness and carria^'irs 
to he made useful in the field. They cau also 'be made serviceable by riijl 
mounting them as occasion may demand for the boat.s. The greatest trouble 
was to find an officer who could organize and drill a company. Major Octave 
Voohries, formerly of the Washington Artillery, and Buisson's Crigade, and 
Lieut. Ed. Crow, of De Clout's Regiment were 'recommended by Gen^ Pratt to 
this work. 

.May -luth — The Conscript Act of April 10th, ordered to be put in force. 
Foreigners ami Partisan Rangers exempted. Camps of instruction at .Moaro'^ 
and Opelousas, 

Thirty-eight parishes have reported a force of S,';!)0 Conscripts. The pari=he- 
of Plaquemine, St. Bernard, Orleans, Jefferson, St. Charles, St. John the Bautist. 
West Baton llouge. .Madison, Carroll and Caldwell not' reporting— sav ten 

PiHiirns of Co,isrr;j<t.i KHtmii the nges of 18 anil X, >/,;,,-3, wade tn the OiUcc of th- 
Ailjiiliiiit iDid Inspector General of the State to 1st December, 1862. 


Camp of Instruction, Camp .Moore, Parish of St. Helena,— Fast Baton Rouge, 
79; East Felicinna, 37; West Feliciana, 92; Livingston, loj ; St. Helena '/•; : 
Washington, 11 ; St. Tammany, .i4. Total, 401. ' 


Camp of Instruction, Cam;. Prall, Parish St. Martin.— Assuniplion, 03-;; 
.\soeusiou, 170: Avoyelles, 470: Calcasieu, 340 ; Iberville. .',■.2 ; l.afu etle, 3 I.; ■ 
Liilourclie, D59 : Natchitoches, 41G; Poinle Coupee, :;70; llapides,' D,;o ; St. 


; St. Landr 
.. Total, G,: 


Camp of Iu.-iri:ctiou. Monroe. Ouachita Parish.— Bossier, 179; Bienvilk-, 8-J : 
Caddo, ini ; Claiborne 150; Catahoula, 235; Coucordia ; 4iJ ■ [leSoto T' ' 
s i Franklin, 87: .Jackson. 00 ; .Morehouse, 59 ; Ouachita, 212 ; Tensa^ n;. • Union 

f I 124; Total. t,4i:;. 


e j Eastern—T parishes, 401. Wenc-rii Louisiana— S. Red River l^ 

r f parishes, 6,.STt;. Western Louisiana— X. Red Riv,:r, 13 parishes, 1.4I.'i. Total 

> «■ 38 parishes, S.'>90. 

-No return- trom Plaquemine, St. Barnard. Orleans, Jefferson. St Charles. St. 
John the Baptist. West Baton Rouge, Madison, Carroll and Ciildwell— 10 parishes. 

June 2iit!i. l>-^;2. — Trafic with the enemy or anv attempt to get out cotton or 
sufiar furtively, or travel to or from Xo«- Orleans] nuide amenable to Court-Mar- 
tial. River sleamiioats ordered to be burnei! when in dani^er of capture. Mail 
facilities extreniely difUcult from the Trans-Mississippi to Richmond. 

Applications made for the formation of Partisan Rangers. A few companies 
formed under command of Simeon Beldeu, A. L. Hayes and others. 

A large amount of specie l>eIonping to the Bank of America, S70),0'J0 or 
npn-arJs had bven transferred from the vault." and brought out from New 
Orleans upon the approach of the Federal fleet. After some adventures, it was 
determined by those having it in charge to carry it back to New Orleans. A? 
soon as this determination was ascertained orders were issued to Lieut. Col 
Cheney, of Avoyelles, Ralph Smith. Es.i., Chiarmau of the Committee of Public 
Safety of Alexandria, and a company under command of Capt. S. M. Todd. 
[not the ciHcer of tlie same name from New Orleans] who were sent to seize the 
parties ostensibly conducting it to New Orleans. The order however was not 
delivered to .^fr. Smith before the specie had reached Ale.-candria. and had been 
carried off on the Steamer .Moro. [Whatever became of it afterwards is srili 
involved in mystery]. 

The Steamer J. A. Cotten seized, and with tlic Anna ferret mounted with 
two guns assisted in protecting the movement, and after drivino- 'the encnu 
captured a large number of prisoners. 

October 22.— Seven deserters executed. Sundrv goods and a lot of beevc.- 

brought towards New Orleans, seized and contiscated. The enemy make an 

incursion up to Lake Charle.'; and arc opposed bv Col. W. w". Jolinson. 

40,000 troop.^ up to date, sent from the State all armed, with no assistance 

' whatever from the Richmond government. 


Alexander UeClouet. Colonel; |i. S. Cage. Lieut. -Colonel ; Winchester Hall. 

Allen Rities— Caleb J. Tucker. Captain; L. A. Webre. First Lieut.; Clav 
tCnoblock, Jr, Second Lient. 

Assumption Creoles— W. Whilnel Mirtin, Captain: [,. Himel, First Li.-u; ■: 
Numa Arrieux, Second Lieut.; I ' ', . .Ii . •' ■ . ! '.;.ut 

Bragg Cadets— Cleaphasf.aga..: ,, : . ,. ■ ., First Lieut.: S.lver.- 

.Vavarre, Second Lieut.; M. Aug, F - ' , .: - : ! , ui. 

Grivot Guards, Co. R— W. .\. lii ' .n : > :,;.: ■:: ,'. . i, .\vcock. First Lieut ■ 
if Homer Lirette. Jr. Second Lieul ' - . i 

Grivot Guards. Co. C— J. J. ShalVer. (^uptain ; J. A. Leonard. Firn Li-ut 
Thos. J. Shaffer, Second Lieut.; E. L. Aycock, Jr. Second Lieut. 


Lovcll Rifles— W. \V. Bateman Captain ; A. S. Lawi 3, First Lieut.; D. C. 
Daniels, Second Lieut.; J. V. Saniiers, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Grivot Fancy Guards— \V. C. Crow, Captain; E. B. Crow, First Lieut.; James 
C Rice, Second Lieut.; Jos. Louviere, Jr. Second Lieut. 

PrudlioiDuie Guards— Octave Metoyer, Captain; G. W. Cobb, First Lieut.; S. 
I'ace, Second Lieut.; S. V/. Bossier, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Lafayette Prairie Boys — Eraste Jloiiton, Captain ; Hazard Easiteu, First Lieut.; 
\Vm. Campbell, Second Lieut.; F. .Martiu, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Pickett Guards — C. 0. Delalioussaye, Captain; Aubiu Bourg, First Lieut.; 
Til OS. J. Hargis, Second Lieut.; B. Cooper, Jr. Second Lieut. 


1 Leon D. Marks, Colonel ; L. L. McLaurin, Lieut. -Colonel ; Geo. Tucker, Major. 

Skipwith Guards— A. S. Norwood, Capt^.iu ; Thos. L. East, First Lieut.; L. P. 
Talbert, Second Lieul.; J. A. Norwood, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Iberville Guards — E. W. Robertson, Ca|itain ; E. D. Woods, First Lieut.; F. 
Avbour. Jr., Second Lieut.; Victor Blancliard, Jr. Second Lieut. 
'• Caddo Pioneers— C. D. G. Willianas, Captain; J. M. Christen, First Lieut. 

I Spencer Guards — John T. Spencer, Caiitain ; T. 0. S. Robertson, First LVeut.; 

f W. K. Strickland, Second Lieut.; Abuer Woniack, Jr. Second Lieut. 

\ Rapides Terribles— Jos. T. Hatch, Caplain ; W. M. McCormick, First Lieut.; 

A. J. .McCranie, Second Lieut.; A. G. Baillio, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Sparta Guards— R. W. Campbell, Captain: J. P. Webb, First Lieut.; T. E. 
Paxton, Second Lieut ; R. S. AUums, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Winn Rebels— J. R. Cooper, Captain; W. B. Stovall, First Lieut.; J. W. 
I'ockerham, Second Lieut.; F. L. Gregg, Jr. Second Lieut. 

.McLaurin Livincibles— J. H. Garret, First Lieut.; J. B. Iiavunport, Second 
Lieut; A. J. Gibsou, Jr. Second Lieut. 

^ DLvie Rebels— 0. L. Durliam, Captain; C.J. Foster, First Lieut.; J.H.Tucker, 
Second Lieut.: G. W. Graves, Jr. Second Lieut. 

Caddo Confederates— T. C. Lewis, First Lieut.; J. B. Smith, Second Lieut.; 
; Sainl. Bcckwith, Jr. Second Lieut. 


( Juan Miangolara, Major: E. Basseli. Adjutant. 

j First Company— T. Viade, First Lieut.; Jose Ferry, Second Lieut.; T. Alberti, 

I Jr. Second Lieut. 

' Second Company — Arthur Picolet, Captain ; E. X. Gauucbeau, Second Lieut.; 

J. D. Sourdes, Jr. Secoud Lieut. 

Third Company — Jose Domingo, Captain ; Leon Prats, I^irst Lieut.; Jose Mora, 

Second Lieut.; J. Roses, Jr. Second Lieut. 


"' V- A. Fournet, Lieut. -Colonel ; G. A. Foumet, Major: E. Delilanc, Surgeon; 

\ L. A. Lalnire, Qua.terniiister; L. r. r.ii. ii .\.:in!'iu. 

] Company A — .\I.,:., Thibodeau.x ' i '. . rv Thibodau.x, First Lieut.: 

a„v B — IlL=ire l:er.-.ud. '•,,,,, ^,„ a-;::: >mu_,n, First Lieut.; AKcv 
Second Lieut.: Alt". Gradeiu- ^ Jr. .^tci.d Lieut. 

.■Second Liriu.: L. T.' Smith, .It. SL-coiiil Lieut, 
any D— L. I). Dauterive. Ca|.l.iiu : L.Miis Foiiru.'l, Kiist Lieut: .1. /. 

,r I. liiM Lieut : Jos. Xiir.e/. 

julte, Second Lie 

It.; V. Dauterive, .1, 


Company E— A. 

Merard Captain: Mt 


•• ond Lieut.: V. 

-emoine, Jr. Secoml 



S''i(e Troops tram 
Depnrtnu . 

rrc<l to Muh 

X.' 1, a s. 

Jirii/'iilier Genernl — Bekjamis BtissoM. 

Orleans Guai'Is— Xuma Augustin, Colonel; Charles Massieu, Lieut.-Co'oi 

Cl!asseur5-a-Pieci — J. Simon Meilleur, Colonel; *Cha3. A. Janvier, Liei 
;'olonel ; *H. J. Rivet, Major. 

Chalmette — *Szyraan:iki, Colonel; •■Geo. W. Logan, Lieut. -Colonel ; "'■Eui,' 
3oniat, .Major. 

Cazadores Espagnoles — Xelvil .Soule, Lieut. -Colonel ; G. .Marzoni, Major. 

lin,ju<r„r G.n,r:_:l~V,. L. Tracy. 
A. Bartlett, Colonel; Gee. S. Lacey, Lieut. -Colouei;; ^■■ 
Smith, Colonel; n\\ P. Freret Lieut. -Colonel : '.Jno. 
rk, Colonel; "A. W. Merriam, Lieut. -Colonel ; 'Geo. 
,ix. Colonel; *T. H. Shields, Lieut-Colonel; - E 
.■cial.— W. V.-. .Johnson, Lieut. -Cok.nol : -\V. H. \Vi 

.McKnifht, Major. 

Jeer Davi;;— Alex. S 
Cotton, .Major. 

Continental — 'Geo. C 
Hyn^on, Major. 

Sumpter— *G. A. Kr. 

ButliilionH — Johns'in ; 

/I'ltUi/ioitx — King's .Siiecial— *J. E. King. Lieut. -Colon- 


t'onf'cderate Guard; 
J. J. Xohlc, Major. 

Louisiana Irish — P. 

Leeds (^luanls— Ch; 
lirice. Major. 

ide, 'iSl.- 

'/ — .S. M. Westmop.e. 
itult, CJolonel ; C. R. Railex 
11, Liei 


cond Brigade, :j816; Third Briga 



Tliase regiments were mustered into Confederate States Service, and wh 
the gunboats passed the forts and Lovell c.irrii-d oflF ail transportation, wi 
disbanded by Gen. Tracy. When Butler arrived, the olilcers and men wt 
arrested as prisoners of war, paroled, and those who did not take the oath, \m 
• xcliau-cd on the t^th of October following, being deliveri'd at Vicksbui 
Tlio-e marked thus-- are known to have bsen exchanged, and did good servi 


ENi(ER's Umk\k Battery, 

From ihe time of Us Organisation, May Wth, 1862, 

Mississiri'i, HLVY lo, isc.i. 

Charles E. Fenner.* Captaia ; Thoi. J. Duggan,* 1st Lieut. ; \V. T. Cluverius.* 
Jr. 1st Lieut.; E. -Moutgomery,* 2d Lieut.; G. P. Harris, Jr. 2d Lieut., dis- 
charged for disability; C. J. Uowell,* Jr. 2d Lieut; Frederic Ernest,* 1st 
Sergeant; S. R. Garrett, 2d Sergl., coruniissioued as Lieut, in Faries Louisiana 
Battery; J. F. Earlv,* 3d Sergeant; S. H. Copeland, 4th Sorgt., disdi.irged 
Aug. ,^1801; A. P, Beer?, 5th Serjit.. conuuissioned Lieut, in Gibson's Louisiaua 
Brigade; E. W. Finney, Gth Sergt., traiisl'erred tu Faclimond Howitzers; U. 
Woest,* Tth tSergt. P'romoted to Sergeants— L. John Gill,* J. Garlcy,-^ C. 
V'oung,* R. Hoive.' Quartermaster Sergeants — L. Steadmau. discharged (or dis- 
ability, H. C. Walker.- G. Sumerall ; W. M'oclper,* 1st Corporal ; J. K. Renaud,' 
2d Coriioral ; J. 11. Kenn.ird, 3d Cor[ioral ; P. T. Minor. 4th Corporal, com- 
missioned Lieut, in Gibson's Brigade; H. VT. Palfrey, 5th Corporal; \V. M. 
Brunei, 6th Corporal, killed at New Hope, .May 2jth, 18iJ4. Promoted to Corpo- 
rals as Tacaacies occurred — P. J. JIcGrath, wounded New Hope. .May 25th, lSij4 ; 
J. H. McDanicI, Commanding Lieut, in Gibson's Brigade. Corporals, J. H. 
Holmes,* D. B. Kindle;* F. M. Hall,* B. Cosby, discharged on disability; R. \\\ 
Benbury, wounded at Atlanta, (disabled); J. T. Davis, transferred to tlie Xaw ; 
B. N. .McCartv,* J. F. Muse,* J. McGregor, W. J. Salter, wounded July 2d, ISiJl, 
disabled; A. Dayid, A. H. Clark,' T. Murphy, killed, February, 18(35. Pri\at<-. 
H. S. Addison,* C. .,\hern,* J. Augustin,"' T. J. Beck,* liaggett, dischar^-f ■! 
on disability; J. S. Beers,* C. Euhltr,* C. A. Bessac. on detached duiv tiiiic oi 
parole; T. B. Bodley.* A. Bowman,* E. A. Brandao,' R. A. Bridgins, 'killfJ -.a 
Xew Hope, May 25th, 1SG4: Jos. Kridgin.^,* John Bridgins. « A. Briltoii. .i;^- 
charged for disability; B. T. Brunei,* I'.. H. Brunet,* T.'W. Buddecke,' W. \V. 
BuQbrd, C. C. Burns, L. Burnel,* R. H. Burton, detached; F. W . llartels, 
detached; T. W. Bi.immes, supposed to have been killed; J. Bevlle,* P. Calla- 
han,' 'SV. Campbell, detached Ord. Sergeant and Artillery; w" S. CamiiLell." 
F. Carroll,* J. P. Casey,* F. S. Carey, "G. P. Childress,* M. li. Childress,- A. B. 
Clark,* R. R. Conningworth,' J. D. Conway,* \V. Conrad.* W. H. Cook.* W. 11. 
Cooper,* J. B. Cooper,* J. J. Corprew, de'tached, -n-ounded May 25[h, 1804 ; \V. 
Corprew, detached to Ordnance Department at Resacca ; S.'W. Cotton, dis- 
charged lor disability ; J. Crawford, discharged over age on expiration of term; 
R. H. Crawford, detached; W. S. Crawford,* T. Cu.^ack,* J. S. Clark, sick in 
hospital; P. C. Clark.- E. David, discharged for disability; L. Desforges. 
detached ; G. W. Dicks,* J. Dirkcr,* G. Douglass,* J. Duggan," commissioned as 

,W>\ at the gciuTu\ sui: 


i'lAV; 1 


Quartermaster; W. Cll^p. Duncan* G. T. Dunbar, detached; E. 0. Entoii. 
wounded May 25tb, 18G4. New Hope, paroled at Selma ; J. T. Ej;i;leston, com- 
missioi/ed Lieut, of Marine; F. Endcrs, detached; R, Erichson," H. VT. Fair- 
child,'* G. M. Fisher,* Chas. V. Fisher,* wounded at Resacca ; C. N. A. Fitzen- 
riter,* T. Flanagan, detached; F. G. Fol^rer, detached; G. L. Folger,* N. C. 
Folger, on furlough time of parole; R. B. Ford,* R. 1*. Ford, missing, (supposed 
to have been killed); G. \V. Fry,* J. J. Gidiere, detached; H. R. Giffney, H. 
Guider, detached and after commissioned ; J. J. Goode, P. Graham, killed" May 
12th, 1S64; A. Grivot,* S. B. Gill,' S. Green, commissioned Lieut, in Forrest'? 
Cavalry; T. F. Gwathmev, detached; G. E. Raller,* A. E. It.immond.' J. B. 
Hayes, detached; G. H. Hehn, transferred; A. D. Henriquez,' H. H. Hester,* J. 
Henley,* J. Hibben,* J. H. llollingsworth,* G. Horton,* W. F. Ilo.'mer,* Jos. P. 
Horno'r, J. S. Hudual.- D. Hughes, sick in hospital; A. H. M. Hunter,* L. C. 
Irv,* B. F. Jonas,* F. P. Jones. A. P. Jovner, E. Judice, killed at Mt. Pleasant; 
J.'F. Kay, died in hospital; \V. H. C. Laade,* C. A. Lagroue,* W. H. Layton. 

'killed at Jackson; L. C. Levy, on sick furlough; W. Lindsay, J. J. Link,* R. 
Little, discharged over age : J. 0. Locke, died at -Marietta; J. L. N. Logau,* L. 
P. Long.* C. Lauber, vounded at Resacca; W. Lockett, A. -Magucn, B. Maguer. 
died at Marietta; G. Mather,* H. C. Martin," E. T. Manning, discharged for 
disability; H. L. Mauning, transferred to navy : A D. Macaulay, discharged for 
disability; A. McCartney, A. McLean, paroled Richmond March 2.i, 18C5. 
drowned attempting to cross Lake Pontchartrain in an open boat ; P. J. .\icGuire. 
wounded at Atlanta aud dcailed; R. McXair, sick in hospital ; G. Miiier, John 
Miller, died at Jackson, Louisiana; J. E. B. Miller, transferred to the navy; H. 
G. Morgan,* T. C. Morrison.* C. Mount, discharged underage; F. Mullen, killed 
at Resacca; L. P. Murphy, detailed on secret service; John Jluvphv. killed at 
Port Hudson; D. M. Mur'phy,* Jos. Mnrphy, wounded at Nevr Hope, disabled ; 
J. Hyes Myers, W. R. Xorcuiu. commissioned Lieut, on Barton's Staff; T. C. 
Newcomer, detached; J. W. Noyes,' S. J. Pecot,* J. T. Pecot,' woun(Jed; G. S. 
Petit,* C. M. Perriu,' H. Pearson,* J. L. Pierson,* T. Porteous,' J. W. Person, 
commissioned Lieut, of Privateer; I. T. Preston, killed at .Murfreesboro ; L. 
Prophet,* J. W. Ramsev, transferred to the navy; T. C. Raby,* T. Reid, W. E. 
Rces,* J. G. Reeve, J. 14. Redmond, absent, sipk;" J. L. Risk, a'bscnt, sick; W. N. 
Rogers, detached; E. D. Ross, commissioned Lieut, in Gibson's Louisiana Bri- 
gade ; Ross, discharged for disability; T. Scaton," H. Seibert,' J. L. Simmons.* 
\V. H. Shaw, J. F. Shaw,* J Lewis Sharkey, J. J. Sharkey,* W. Sharkey,- T. L. 
Shute, transferred to Bradford's Scouts; \V. R. SkeIton,*'E. Smith,* M. Smith,* 
A. B. Sprirks, killed at Jackson; H. C. Stannard, sick in hospital; H. St. 
Germain, prisoner of war; G. M. Steirer,* T. J. Stewart, detached; F. M. C. 
Swain,* L. Skeels, commissioned Lieut, in Gibson's Louisiana Brigade, killed : 
H. S. Smith, transferred to the navy; W. W. Thompson, M.L. Thompson,* Mac. 

, Thompson, H. J. Thoma.s, N. N. Trotter,* W. T. Vaudry,* G. Voorhics,* P. J. 
Vigo, prisoner; H. D. Wall,* L.H.Walker, Q. Waterman, transferred to the 
navy; S. Waters, detached; 0. Weise, E. G. Wells, sick in hospital; Wilson, 
discharged for disability ; S. Wilkins,* A. L. White,* T. J. Wells,* T. McK. 
Whiteman.* P. Work, discharged for dis.ability; Artificers— J. Weingartner, sick 
in hospital; H. C. Kennedy, detached; W. T. J. Kcrwish, transferred to the 
navy; H. Nathan, sick in hospital; Private— W. H. Renaud,* Artificers— J. W. 
Steele,* C. A. Smith.* 

Lixt of vi'ii Inn/ioruri/t/ nssijiifd In duty in Fmnn'n Battrry, piirnlei! at Meridian. 
.yis>nff:ippi,'iUai/ lOlh, lSi;5. 






Thn stories wha-li follow, are iidded to thu edition iulendod for siil.- 
scribers, at tlio request of old army friends, who are dispo.sed to see tluni 
again, rather as awakening old assoeiatious, than from any value of thtir 
own. In explanation, it may be stat'jd, that they were nio^t of them in their 
original shape put together while living in small tents, around camp-tire,-!, nr 
read aloud during the intervals of guard mounting, and that they and in euii- 
scc|uence their author came to be one of the standing jokes of cauiji; tin- 
listeners always afl'ecting to weep and blow their nose.s over the huui.uoii> 
pas.'sages, while roars of laugliter would be pretty apt to follow wherr any 
effort was made at sentiment. Tlic cynieal taint which runs through llu-m. 
with such critics, ivill need no other explanation. An additional reason tor 
I I the presence of this collection, is, that the incidents of four of the stmir,- 

\ '' might have been incorporated in the body of the narrative; one of tlu-m 

I , (p. 70.) being an account of the violent death of JIajor Pradus. an old 

j \ member of the Washington Artillery, an event which excited much inieic-t 

j ; :,t the time; an another, (The Homeward Journey, p. •"''.',; I'l'ing ahim-t 

j ; literal account of travel made in company with Maj., Fred. (Trul.;-. 

I Jack Wagenei and other nid fri.-n.l.> in the memonible last year uf the 

i war. 'binder the Yoke," ().. S:;.i was New Orleans, as it was mis-ov. 

I ' erned immediatclv upon our return, and as it has Ijcen ever since. 

I" r 

W '/;! ' ., '! 



Without bting: a believer in gbost stories 
especially ot tlie Katie King sort, spiritual 
photograph?, or the phenomena of second 
sight, I aiii vet willing to admit the eiistence 
of a great inanv facts in my experience and 
reading for which I know of no e.vj.lanation 
in the ordinary course of nature. 

In illustration of this I propose reciting 
a half-waiving hall-dreaming succession of 
ideas that occurred to me upon a certain 
night, and their singular connection with 
events subsequently to be relatfd. 1 was 
at the time returning towards home, from 
which I had been absent many years as a 
student of jurisprudence: and, with the 
anticipation of succeeding to the practice 
of my father (a lawyer retained iu every 
important case, and who had just died,) I 
proposed to devote myself closely to my 

With this prospect before me, I laid down 
at night iu a rude wayside hotel, anxious to 
enjoy the slumbers for v.hich a day of horse- 
back travel had disposed me. A bright 
ember fire Was glowing on the hearth, as I 
entered my bed, and I lay awake for some- 
time -watching this — partly going over in 
my mind a traiu of melancholy fancies 
awakened by the depressing scenery 
through which 1 had journeyed, partly fol- 
lowing in my meditations the drowsy hum 
made by the voices of a number of fellow 
guests in an adjoining room — a sound suffi- 
ciently eonimunplace, ordinarily, but which 
heard faintly, or in subdued whispers, hilled 
•he senses, w hile at the same time exciting 
the imagination. Gradualh-, iu that state 
which is half way betwee'n slumber and 
waking, the rude unplaned, nnpainteii walls 
i:ave place — a-i if by stage machinery — to 
the interior of a costly abode — to dark 
hangings, ebony furniture, gossamer cur- 
'.un,s. The monotous tones of ihe travelers 
lo voices seeming to come from beyond the 
-'iMve, and to be the symphony, prelude or 
'-■onclusiun to some near-at-hand iragedv. 

M.anwhile, Ihe chanse in the lumitnre, 
■■■: whidi I hav« alreadv spoken and whirl, 

now most startled mc, was that in the bed- 
stead which occupied the opposite corner. 
It was in reality, notliing more than a tall, 
four-posted canopy of mahogany, which ha 1 
appiireatly been in use for a hundred years, 
and which seemed likely to do service for 
a similar time to come. But its old and 
faded curtains had now been transformed 
into a silk canopy. The rich covers were 
now thrown over an unknown inmate, who, 
from the convulsive iiuiver about his face, 
was evidently at deaths door. At his bed- 
side stood a hamlsome woman with an 
e.vpression of suppressed emotion in her 
look, holding in one hand a cup and in the 
other a candle. The cup was pressed to 
the lips of the sick man, though uselessly, 
if intended as medicine or a strengthening 
draught; his features became rigid in the 
act of carrying it to his lips, and the death 
film gathered over his eyes. The woman 
who stood at his bedside gazed at his face 
for a laoment with folded arms— intently, 
meditatively, wistfully, and then with a 
passionate gesture, turned awav. 

The scene, having as I have "described it. 
been cnucted before my eyes, gradually faded 
and resolved itself into the former liieuldy 
j furniture of the room. It was daylight 
when I awoke, and everytliing about ti.e 
room remained the same as when 1 retired. 
Instead of the voices from the adjouiiug 
room and which had been mingled in con- 
versation, after the guests had stretched 
themselves upon the pallets or shakedowns, 
there was the noise and bustle made by the 
stage drivers in arriving and harnessing up. 
and of the passengers iu looking after their 
baggage and in getting through with their 
breakfasts. Having imitated their example 
and ordered my horse, I hastened to pus!i 
fai ward on my journey. 

Heiiig well mounted, I was not long in 
overtaking a traveler, whose voice I recog- 
nized H? having been heard the night belo.- 
ftt the ivayside hostleiy. duj- roads lying 
together, 1 improved the opportunity ''i 
le;un f.-om him the vaiiuus chanse-^ 'tl. •• 


[ 2 ] 

time had 

nmrle duriufr my absence, ami in 
suuli other inquirie.-i as would 
most in my profession. Among 
other quuilions thitt I asked was one, toward 
the close of the day. relating to the owner- 
ship of a considerable body of land by the 
side of which we had been traveling for 
several miles. 

"This land," said the traveler, is "part of 
the old ■U'ilderman estate, of which, from 
its sWe, you must have heard. At the 
marriage of Matthew, the best known of 
the family." continued my informant, with 
a drop in hi< voice which e.vcited my curi- 
osity, "these lands were assigned to him as 
his residence by his father. .Matthew Wil- 
derman. vou should know, was the son of 

the fir 

"The est^'te, though the lands look rich 
I enousli, does not appear to have been 

I increased in value by the marriage or occu- 

I pancy,'' 1 replied, hoping that the opening 

I afforded, nould not be lost upon my guide. 

■ He cleared his throat as if for a speech of 

some length, by way of showing that I was 
not mistaken. 

"It was of tliis very estate that I and 
' some other friends were talking over last 

[;,. night at the hotel — repeating or contra- 

fl dieting tlie thousand things that were said 

! about this singular family, for their history 

! has always excited much attention. The 

j fact is that I nia agent or manager for the 

I place, and it did not precisely become me 

to remain silent." 

The agent who, in reality, would not have 

made a very able defender of any cause, 

clearly indicated that his defense of the 

night before was a mere matter of form, and 

that at any rate he was disposed to be more 

candid now. 

; "This marriage, to tell the truth,", he 

! continued, taking a fresh start, and with 

the tone of a man of some reading, "was 

not, indeed, a happy one. It was very 

bitterly opposed Viy Matthew's father, for 

reasons of dislike he entertained towards 

the family of the bride. To understand 

what this was. you must bear in mind that 

; ' there was an old feud between the two heads 

i' of the families— that is, between the elder 

■ I Wilderman and Van Zandt, the father of 

the bride. He itas wot of an««K(rt)itioiis or 

rowdying turn like most of the characters 

wlin figure in such brawls, or proud of 

it-adcrship, while his enemy was. Vijn 

Z.iiidt was a man of studious turn, of a 

K. somewhat eccentric, sensitive character. 

who, when he was aficcled at all, by nn 

insult, was alVected to madness. The two 

men hated each otlicr. because their natures 

were opposite as well as tneir aspir.itionj 
and because Van Zandt indirectly showid 
that his nuiet nature, tar from fearing, in 
reality despised that of his neighbor, 

" Well, Wilderman and Bartholomew Van 
Zandt met one day— the former on horse- 
back, tollowed by a pack of dogs, and with 
bis buckskin gloves, pants worn inside of 
his boots and haughty carriage everyway, 
his ajipearance alone was a provocation. 
No one knows what passed, e.xcept that Van 
Zandt, when they parted, appeared exasper- 
i ated to the last degree at some insult. 
i warned Wilderman to ride for his life. It 
! was thought at the time that there was 
j some deeper feeling of hatred between the 
' two men than came out in the evidence. 
] Wilderman. at any rate, was foumi murdered 
by tlie roadside, and his old enemy was tried 
j and convicted of the crime. The sentence 
I of imprisonment for lite was pronounced 
1 upon Van Zandt, who simply said, before 
I being conducteil away, that his sentence 
was unjust. He remained several years in 
j prison, and was finally released through the 

persistent efforts of his daughter." 
' ".Vfter the charge of murder was madc 
against the father of the lady, and he sen- 
tenced for the crime, it seems very singular 
that the son of the murdered man should 
ever have entertained the idea of marriage 
witli the daughter of Van Zandt, or that she 
should have listened to it herself." 

"It seemed like magic to all who knew 

the ciri-unistances — downright witchcraft 

and ench:intraent. Tliere were all sorts of 

stories abaul her — for supernatural deviltry. 

and I don't know what they did not call 

j her- Medea, Circe, and what not. They 

j even pretended that, when at boarding 

school, she had persuaded some of the 

I wildest pupils to attempt to discover what 

! their fortunes would be, by getting them to 

I take part in rites of divination, similar to 

I those used by Voudou priestesses. Be this 

! as it may, there was always with them, an 

I absence of interest in the ordinary concerns 

I of life which rendered them both far from 

I being popular. Too cold and haughty to 

! take notice of any other suitor, or indeed 

j of young Wilderman, until his father's d-ath 

' she yi-t spared no alliireinent to captivate 

I th« son — to persuade him that her Mtber 

'■ Was not guilty, or at least to iuduce iiim 

to exert his influence iu procuring her 

father's release. 

"The opposition of the father to the love 
ot his son was then well founded, if the 
lailv. as you describe her, was simply a cold- 

ale u 


[ 3 ] 

her character," said the agent prudently; 
■■probably, sLe made an object of her life 
the release of her father ; an object which 
had some justification in lier eyes, hut in 
the accomplishment of which the rest of 
her character was more or less compelled to 
suffer and become morbid. She accom- 
plished what those courtiers who never get 
excited themselves, hut who spare no means 
to accelerate the pulse of those upon whom 
they wish to operate, nearly always accom- 
plish. She gained indeed more than she 
intended — she gained the hand of Mathew 
Wilderman himself. The marriage was cele- 
brated and a singular wedding too— -aplenty 
of wild, hysterical laughter and mad, fan- 
tastic revelry. The guests, after the supper, 
all looked as if they had eaten the fruit of 
which you read about, where the faces of 
tho victims were convulsed or distorted with 
laughter beyond power or control. Those 
ivhu slept in the house had just as strange 
stories to tell about the way in which they 
had murmured and moaned in their sleep, 
as if under a charm — about their dreams 
having been atTected, of pictures that slipped 
down from their frames and went rustliug 
and moving about, and things that were 
actually happening a long ways off placed 
boldly before their view. There was a heavy 
thunderstorm raging and making strange 
noises and echoes among the hills all night : 
but before daylight most of the guests had 
shrunk away from the house with looks of 
terror and dismay, and have never since 
'■ared to euter. 

I looked at the agent with some curiosity, 
and could scarcely realize that a man of his 
practical good sense should be so much 
under the influence of his imagination. 

He detected my look, and replied to it, 
rather than to anything that was said, a 
little angrily. 

"The Wilderman house you see just 
iietore you. I do not reside within it, or 
see much of its inmates — but at any rate, 
I suppose our roads separate — 1 stop there 

"On the contrary— since hearing the story 
you have related, I have been reminded that 
I have business which will require my pres- 
•^iice in that direction.'' 

The agent lookud surprised and somewhat 

"I will answer you with the same frank- 
iii-ss that you yourself have shov.-n to me. 
1 rei .-ived a professional letter from the lady 
'I whom you have spoken, with a view, as 1 
-'q>I>ose. to a consultati.on with her as to 
..'■r iiusiness allairs — I have never seen her, 
":d suppose th.^t she was coufoundiiig my 

I name with my father wiio has recently died. 
I At any rate 1 shall pay her a visit now." ■- 

"Tlie agent hesitatc"d at first, but finally 
volunteered his assistance in introducing me 
to the house. Before reaching the door, he 
told rje that he had previoiislv forgotten to 
explain that the younger Wilderman had 
loug been an invalid in the house, and that 
his recovery was now hopeless." 

"And the father of the lady of th-.- 

•• He died shortly after his liberation from 

We hail been meanwhile passing througli 
a flat level country with black soil, singu- 
larly productive, but otherwise of dreary 
aspect and suggestive only of despondent 
ideas. Tall and funeral cypress and swamp 
trees of gigantic size reared their crests 
heavenward— -vegetation grew rank, and fre- 
quent pools and lakes attested a trying 

'■Character corresponds to the locality," 
I muttered — "any family wlio has grown old 
and attained wealth here must be tainted, 
naturally enough, with diseased and super- 
stitious ideas — fancies savoring of ail sorts 
of diablerie and perverted reasoning. Peojile 
who accumulate wealth uuder such an 
atmosphere, invariably wander after strange 

The agent who was now too discreet to 

make any reply or comment, pushed open a 

half hingeless and rusty gate which shrieked 

out a protesting clang, and the tread o! 

our horses fell dull and heavy on the ear. 

The solitary avenue overhung with dark 

shado«-y Upas-like trees, long wavering 

branches and flowers and fruit of an iutens- 

scarlet color did not tend to reiievr ihc 

gloom. The movements of the agent becai;:.- 

uneasy, I remarked as we stood in fmni nt 

a very old residence seamed with crack- 

and stained with mildew. I glanced around 

at the neglected plants and walks, or a little 

further off at the decaying out-houses, or 

at a training ground for blooded horses 

whose use had long since been abandoned, 

j hojiing to find something of a more cheerful 

: th, :.. ' .' I saw nothing of the sort. 

! ." : .-li the atmosphere of tlie 

; pi.i .--tive of the loneli- 

j in - ' : ■,r,;i.:. - of a vault or tomb, there 

1 were in the shadows who flitted from time 

blood-red by an angry sun— evidences that 
the house contained more than its usiiiil 

•'There is something up," said my guide. 
in his rough, off-hand way .of speftking. 

[ 4 ] 

rarely comi'S to tlii? house, an-l yet the 
r'-ceiJtioii rnoni is now full of visitors. 
See — what I s;iiu of the iiri>;irieloi- of the 
in.iasion is now couiirmed — there is crape 
uj.on tile iloor. lie must be dpii.l." 

At llie portal we were met by nii elderly 
servant whose face though otherwise impas- 
sive, betraiei-l a certain touch of anxiety. 
Fie appeared to be discharging the duty of 
a wdl-bred aiteudant at, a fun'-ral, and 
oilierwise aflixcii a piece of crape to our 
arms, as if our visit had refererire solely to 
tlie corpse in the house. This duty con- 
cluded, he ushered us in a suite of dreary 
rooms, where were gathered the visitors of 
whose presence we had previously caught a 

There could be no doubt now that we 
stood in an atmosphere of death. Before 
u= rested on irostles a velvet-covered collin; 
on the sides of the room sat the friends 
whose soleuui countenances or Ustlessuess 
served the place of mourning. There too 
on the buffet, at one end of the room were 
the refreshments, used on such occasious, 
where guests come from a distance, and an 
attendant was on hand- to bring what 
might. be required. 

Feeling but little disposition to converse, 
and becoming fatigued with the sight of the 
dead and the equally wep.risome living, I 
ventured to penetrate into a room beyond, 
the door of which had been partially left 
open. It led into a passage-way, and thence 
into a library, or what had once been such 
but which was now a lumber room or hos- 
pital for dilapidated musical instruments 
chemical retorts, vials and similar unused 
plunder. Here I concluded to install myself 
until daylight should permit me to continue 
on my road. 

I made a faint attemi)t to while away an 
hour with the damp and moth-eaten tomes 
which were rather thrown together in pro- 
miscuous heaps or piles, than ranged in 
anything like order on the shelves: but the 
air of depression and the fantastic and 
glio>tly ideas awakened by the occasion, or 
]ierhaps by the furniture and house itself, 
'cither banished my thoughts from the sub- 
ject in hand, or presented it in strange 
travesties on the vellow pages before me. 

Thus, having placed myself in a large 
arm chair which might have served in a 
coronation scene, I chanced upon an old 
black letter treatise upon punishmeiits and 
crimes, in which the illustratiojis wore 
mostly taken from the inclnx tin /•■ or ac-ls of 

Witchcraft, sorcery, incantations w ith secret 
and supernatural rights, and other tliemes 

of a similar character were treated upon a- 
crimes of an everyday occurrence, and con- 
fronted my gaze at every turn of a page. 
At one, moment the subject discussed wa- 
the wearing of strange armor, thus taking.- 
good citizens by surprise and magical dis- 
advantage, and constituting an assault. 
Human motive:, whether regarded from a 
frivolous, or thoroughly tragic st.andpoint 
of view, was considered only, for anything 
that I could find in that library, with refer- 
ence to its capacity for crime. For all 
these, there were ingenious tortures of u 
preternatural or extraordinary sort recom- 
mended, from that of attending midnigiit 
gatherings in the form of animals, or of 
obtaining preternatural charms of fasci- 
nation, through love potions to that of sel- 
ling absolutely the soul to the Evil One. 

Jly lamp burned low and flickered in its 
socket, as I dozed over these blood red laws, 
the wisdom of past ages and the folly of 
ours. Disturbed by the rats, who were the 
ordin;iry laborers in this field of literature, 
the letters took unnatural characters. Sleep 
was overcoming me ; the velvet coffin, and 
the silent guests were forgotten in the 
weight which fell upon my; and the 
arms of the old chair had become those of 
some potent enchantress who held me 
clasped in an embrace which it seemed to 
me, death only could release. 

I was disturbed by a slight jarring musical 
sound, such as might have been brought out 
of the harp in one corner of the room by 
the brushing past it of a dress, or from sonu 
of the other instrument? by the passage of 
a heavy footstep over the decayed timber.s 
of the floor. A cold gust of air passed over 
me, which had the effect of starting me 
from my uneasy slumber. The door which 
led into the adjoining room was open, and 
regarding it a moment attentively, and the 
surrounding phenomena, I saw before me in 
the room beyond, the identical dark furni- 
ture, silk hangings and lace curtains that I 
had seen the night before in my dreams. 

Only the dying inmate had disappeared, 
and the shadow who had bent over the side 
of the bed was no longer there. She wa.s 
standiu;! in front of nie with burning, 
lustrous eyes — hagcrard, |iale and prefer- 
naturally thin— with the same light I had 
previously seen iu her hand, and with her 
foot sli-iiily raised, as if startled at the 


ht .,f m.: 

lough th. 


[ 5 ] 

I commenced an explanation of tiie cause 
of my being in tlie house — ui\ n;ime and 
occupation and the letter I had received, 
but was too absorbed in endeavoring to 
reconcile the scene brought to my mind the 
night before with what was now around me 
to be clear in mv statements. She however 
understood me. 

"Ah yes — it was your father whose pro- 
fessional councils were sought by me — at a 
time when advice would he worth some- 
thing. He knew me as a girl — knew what 
were the naturally high aspirations of my 
character before they were warped by cir- 
cumstance and situation. The hitter obser- 
vations were made in a more lov,- tone, as if 
the speaker were rather chanting or mur- 
muring her own thoughts, than talking to 
her visitor. 

Alter hesitatiijg a moment whether to end 
the interview, which I rememberiug the 
corpse in the house was inclined to think 
would be best under the circumstance, 
without further involvement, she decided to 
take me into her confidence. 

"Your impressidns are, if they are like 
those of every one around me, against me; 
no matter — I am now alone, and your dispo- 
sitiou and profession both teaching you to 
look at facts fairly, 1 prefer talking to you 
rarher thau to others who are com|ielled by 
every prejudice or sympathy to distrust me. 

•• My father was a doctor by education 
who devoted liimself to the study of chemis- 
try and more occult sciences^ with an 
infatuation which bordered upon madness. 
He believed not only in the plienomenii 
wliich now excites attention under the name 
of spiritualism or clairvoyance, but he be- 
lieved in the discovery and establishment 
of means not only of being warned himself 
against any threatened evil, but also of 
W;irning others miles away." 

I could not restrain myself from betraying 
siirprise at the novelty of this doctrine, and 
at a circumstance which gave it a certain 
vountenance and support. 

"What will doubtless seem the most ali- 
siird statement to you is that others shared 
his theories, and have been known, in proof 
of their convictions, to relate minutely — 
though at the time many miles distant from 
this house — what transpired within these 




keep from gi' 









in my 



at the 

his St 



with a 




.'.-.ty, or 

rather with the air of a woman of tact who 
feels that she must say something at all 
hazards, she continued: 

".My father entertained no doubt of hi? 
power of foreseeing great danger: ami i' 
was this conviction that was the source of 
our subsequent troubles.'' 

Here she paused, as if hesitating whether 
further to proceed; and by way of restoring 
her confidence, I made a direct allusion to 
the homicide for which her father had been 

"At the time the homicide occurred, my 
father, when Bartholomew met and insulted 
him, believed his enemy determined upon 
causing my ruin — believed him to be a 
dangerous man, to be gotten rid of at all 
hazards. I don't think he caused the death 
of his old enemy. In any case, if he did, 
it was in fair encounter and while strugglini: 
with a man whom he regarded as a foe to 
society. His condemnation the rosul: 
of the suspicion and unfriendliness with 
which every one who is iuosjm.tous above 
their neighbor and who takes little interest 
in the affairs of the world is regarded." 

'■ But, as to his release from prison — '' 

" His release was obtained not throu,ali 
the influence I e.\erted upon Matthew Wil- 
derman, but that of my father himself. 
■SVilderman (afterwards my husband: hi; 
corpse, you already know, is awaiting inter- 
ment) had previously been, in sjdte of these 
dissensions, my father's most ardent pupil. 
!ind iu the end greatly surpassed him in his 
visionary and daring theories. They accuse 
me of infatuatiug him. So far from doing 
so, I consented to marry him only through 
gratitude. He never loveil me or pretended 
to love me. He was more of a fanatic in 
science than ray father, and was just as 
ready to sacrifice my life by marriage .as iu 
darker days similar dreams were prosecuted 
at the cost of blood. As (or myself, I had 
already suffered so much that I believed 
myself incapable of the feeling of love — 
scarcely of affection. I consented to the 
marriage for the reason already slated, am! 
to assure to my father a continuance of tin- 
studies he coveted. .My relations after 
marriage were the same as before. .^ly 
husband believed that as a vestal T would 
possess ft high state of chiirvoyant intelli- 
gence; and our only subsequent differences 
arose as to the e.vercibe of this power. 
Having said thus nnicb. I must now tell 
you thiit he sai-riliced his lite iu a persistiMir 
attempt to discover the eli.'cir of life. Tlie 
very last draught he ever quaQ'ed he be- 
lieved would restore him to youth and 
health." ' 

[ e ] 

I looked at the speaker, rem'.'aibcring the 
singular vision or transformation scene, 
attentively, she evidently understood my 
suspicion, and added; 

"Nameless whispers have been circulated 
ajjaiiist me because,' when my husband was 
a helpless invalid, I endeavored to prevail 
upon him to take the remedies prescribed 
bv a physician. He thought 1 was cutting 
;iiort the thread of his lif'; when I refused 
him his potiun which acted as a soporific; 
while his friend- entertained the idea that 
his waning health resulted from poison." 

"It is one of the conditions of life to be 
misunderstood— to be taken for the de- 
stroying, when in reality you have been the 
guardian, aui-el.'' 

"I claim to have been neither the one nor 
the other. 1 was not a good — that is, not a 
loving-wife, b-'.ausf the hrst years of ijiy 
married life were such as to steel me 
against all sympathy or [lity. But I en- 
deavored to jrotect my husband against 
what. I considered his dangerous theories 
and morbid tendencies, acting with regard 
to some of thfse as does the surgeon who 
sends the knife into the quivering flesh of 
his best friend. 1 ceased living at tlie time 
when I was in full bloom of youth, just 
ready to launch out into all of the extrava- 
gance and follies which belonged to perfect 
health and a happy natural endowment. 
Instead of the fulfillment of such an ex- 
istence as I might have dreanit'iT of, I have 
been for years one of that class who know 
not what is hope and happiness, the 
aspiration for which my nature intended 
me late in life atid at a singular moment; 
but it comes to me as to every one else, 
and my soul cries out, 'Give nie back the 
hopes and happiness that should have been 
mine!' At the conclusion of my term of 
years — for I can see that my life, mildewed 
and worse than a failure as it h.i-5 been, is 
well nigh ended — I can say that my lot has 
been too hard.'' 

She spoke as if her veins wore affected 
by fever; and her hollow eyes appeared to 
rest meditatively upon the tinted tiasks 
which stood ui)on one of the shelves of the 

"If you will permit me to say so, al- 
though you seeni to have already f'j'.nicd 
some desperate resolution, do not despair. 
\'ou are still young, still capable of be- 
coming interested in life. Votir principal 

see here come to confirm their suspi'ioni 
or to collect evidence, rather than from any 
respect for the dead or from kindly niutive- 
for the dying." 

"In that case, challenge investigation as 
publicly as possible. Make the guests pre- 
I sent, who are prejudiced but well-meaning, 
I e.vamiue into the mode of life of the 
I deceased. Call upon his friends to witU- 
' draw the charge or prove it. Accusations 
j disappear very quickly when not well 
i fouuded or lacking in proof, especially those 

made against a brave woman." 
I "It is precisely for this reason I wrote, 
' and, as I supposed, to your father, who fur 
many years was our counselor. Do what 
you choose in the matter; but my strength 
and the present situation do not permit me 
to say more. I have a promise of my own 
to e.>:ecufe," she saiil, rising, "and possibly 
we may not meet again." 

Her' look told so plainly of waning 
health and of profound indiflererce to the 
oidnions of those around her — the truest 
symptom of the approach of disease — that 
Ihardly had the courage to recommend an 
immediate change of air, or such other ad- 
vice as would naturally have risen to my 
lips. At the moment of seeing her for the 
last time I could not restrain from a remote 
reference to what I had seen in my dream. 
"One moment. Yonr husband, then, if 1 
have understood you correctly, died in the 
full conviction of possessing the secret of 
renewing the vital force'.' ' 

"It was the fixed conviction of his life, 
as of my father's aUo— his mania and un- 
changeable hallucination. His last act w.ii 
to swallow a potion like this, which I was 
induced to give him because, in any event, 
death was inevitable. He died precisely as 
my father died. The belief in the value of 
the elixir, to be frank, was at one time 
sliar.-d by myself, aid each of us three ex- 
chaiigc'd" oaths that the survivor would 
u.lin^r.ister the potion . without falter, .'^o 
inlaliiated. was my huiband with his belief 
that his last words to me were to an ilyic 
and point out the defects of his potion, and 
ol the method of taking it; and to warn 
me not to lose courage if the e.xperiim at 

'It is then as 

expected. Confes 
jfatuated with this 

ise of unhii 
ir hnsb.iui 


[ ' ] 

:i gamhlnr's rimnces, fron\ -n-liiuli shu saw 

'•Vindic.itf my ruputation," flie saiJ. '■Your 
time. T\ b ■thei- 1 live or die. will not be badly 

I have to nJrnit here that the sight of a 
woman gitteJ with extraordinary powers of 
fascination by nature and fducatiou filled 
me with a profound pity and sympathy, 
which have thus far not appi-ared in our 
recorded conversation. Whether I had be- 
come affecled w iih her or with the strange 
atmo3pli'-re by v.iiich I was furrouuded, the 
books I hud b<>eu reading, or the magic of 
her presence, of one thing 1 am very sure — 
I did not sufi'cr her to withdraw until the 
coldness of the law-student had been 
exchanged for the passion ot a blind wor- 
shipper — until I had made a thoiisaud pro- 
testation;' and vehement speeches, for which 
Blackstone had no precedent. 

When the interview closed my brain was 
in such a frenzy that the surrounding 
object.5 fradually took fantasiic shapes; the 
furniture, books, instruments of art and 
science, all L'lakins; one grotes'iue jumble, 
to lose their uistinct shapes, and the whole 
scene to melt before me like a dissolving 
view. I was not conscious that the mistress 
of the house vanished or disai'pearcd. A 
restless sleep, tempered witli dreams that 
luid never before visited my couch, inter- 
vened, iu nliich I saw the lady inmate of 
(he house, always in some new disguise, 
now as Vtnus, v.-ith the magic girdle allur- 
ing me on into a road %vhich I hesitated to 
travel ; now as some midnight vampire of 
mavvelous beauty, who woos and at the 
same time destroys : now as some l-'astern 
snake-charmer, with glittering black eyes, 
surrounded with a coil of serpents, and 
afl'ecting me and others with reptile-like 
power of fascination. The last glimpse I 
had of her in my dreams she seemed to he 
bending over me with a power [ could not 

then her figure seemed to fade from before 
me. Riul then vaniilied the thousand phan- 
toms and extraordinary perversions or 
changes by which my imagination had been 
assailed, ily sleep grew heavy, my breath- 
ing stentorous. and the day was far ad- 
vattced before I awoke. 

I summoned the reserved old domestic 
who had received me at the door, and 
demanded an interview with his mistress. 
He informed me that she had left the house 
to accompany Wilderman's remains to a 
distant cemetery. 1 was further informed 
that she would not return to take up her 
residence iu this house. 

In the month of .March, ISId, I had the 
honor to be invited to a very select recep- 
tion, given in Ken Orleans on one of the 
nights of the Carnival season, when, as 
everyone knows, the cit/y is at its gajest. 
I had previously been .devtitJ-ng jny tiwe tC' 
exhaustive labor, and relaxation of spnu- 
kind had become a duty. The prospect of 
seeing the most brilliant assembly of the 
season decided me to attend. 

I did not arrive utitil every box and tier 
in the gilded theatre were crowded, and the 
occupation at that time being to get iu, as 
at a later period it was to get out, I struggled 
along with the crowd, all arrayed in lacc.= 
and diamonds, more studious, in accordatice 
with the advice of an old moralist, to abstain 
from doing harm to those around me, than 
to achieve any brilliant results of my own. 
I found myself, however, reversing the rule 
by entangling my foot in a gossamer dresi, 
worth its -weight many times in gold. As 1 
dill so my memory suddenly reverted to the 
night I spent in the AVildermau's house, and 
tlie singular dreams or influence which had 
then oppressed me. 

We were on a remote gallery or landing 
of the immense theatre, now floored over 
and adorned as a ball-room, and who.-e 

resist. 1 lelt ni 
pelled to travel 
and to put mv 
thought, in the 

soul or 

to ki 


■cana some hiilden truth or spell, which 
ad hitherto remained concealed. .\t length 
y disembodied soul, which had all the 
nie been communing with her own, ap- 
earcd to have found what was sought, 
nd now the look of one who had e^caped 
great jieri!, and has at last, l)y desperate 
lorts. triumphed, crept over her face ; and 

sbazzar" — some pageant of the olden tit 
the actors in which were equally as ! 
and careless as those of the present. 

The lady whose 1 had injured 
stowed upon me a soft caressing smile, : 
a glance from a very black pair of c_i 
which glittered like "steel, or became- 
mond-shaped and lanuinisliing, as t! c c 
of a cat are contracted by light. The;. 
no need of saying who she Hvas. thoiii; 

[ s ] 

should not liiive kuowa licr except for a 
.-ingalar sons.ilion that Citiue over me in her 

•■ Vou have then abandoned law to become 
11 carpet koight," sbe said with a touch of 
irony, as he gathered up the folds of the 
injured dress. Her voice otherwise pos- 
sessed that slow, full richness of tone -which i 
indicated that the speaker was in perfect 1 

"And you," I replied, "appear to have 
abandoned your magic of tlie country to , 
study and practice fascination in the ball 
room. But your elixir — after all, you did | 
not take it?" 

'•On the contrary — can you not see?', \ 
These last words v.ere pronounced slowly | 
and with an upheaval of form which seemed i 
to indicate thai the mere act of e.>Listeuoe ', 
was exquisite pleasure. .Vt the- same 
moment a glaiice was flashed from her eye ; 
that spoke of a superabundance of vitality 
of some son. -Vou may refuse to believe ; 
me if I now talk to you about elixirs, but, 
at any ra'e, from the day you left me, when [ 
[ found the suspicions of my neighbors i 
transformed into a feeling of interest aud ; 
synii)athy, and that you had compelled my | 
worst enemy to compromise a suit for ; 
slander by a large sum of money, the 
desire for life returned to nie, though I 
believe, in a great measure, it was the 
result of the potion. .My father and Mat- 
thew, after all were true sons of science, 
though they could not slay the hand .of ' 
death. Lastly, perhaps 1 ought not to tell j 
you, but you dropped some him in your ; 
dreams that was worth all your waiving ' 
advice." ■ 

■■If I thought your eliiir could work | 
such a marvelous change in me — " i 

"And why not? Does not everybody ' 
purchase th'/bl.iom of youth, and all maii"- 
ner of eli.-.iis aud restoratives? lias not 

the world always been hunting for it in r,r:. 
generation as the fountain of youth, i.i 
another in the shape of patent medicinc-s?" 

"I am not at all curious about elixirs of 
life. I do not wish any of the sort I have 
read of in your old library. This time, to 
be convinced, and to prevent you from 
profiling by the experience of your fiieiids, 
we must drink together." 

'■And which kind is that?" 

"(f I ever take it at all, I must inhale it 
in your breath — I must taste it upon your 

With an indescribably voluptuous sniilo, 
she took from her pocket a little golden 
flacon, and after inhaling a long breath, 
passed it to me. 

"But this' is only the odor of violets. 
or — " 

" Vou are mistaken. Look at the inscrip- 

I did so, and read aloud the words, 


1 inhaled the cli.\ir handed to me by my 
enchantress but 1 cannot yet say whetbi;r 
the potion will ever fully affect me. But 1 
never go near the possessor of the mys- 
terious flask, without wondering at the 
hidden occult power she possesses over me 
and all who surround her. She is still 
in society— in the church, in the salon. 
Vou sometimes hear her in the concert, and 
perhaps your hand touches hers in the 

As was stated in the commencement, 
there arc mysteries which tannot be ac- 
counted for: aud I need not write nion'. 
The belief of each reader must make oui 
the rest of the outline of this singular 
lady's character according to his fcelincs 
and reasoning, rather than from any fur- 


There is no sensation or excitetiient thiit 
stirs up the fveliags of a fall srown man 
like the prospect of getting hold of a big 
?iiin of money at one haul or drag of the 
:iet. I suppose that when he first starts out 
mil of vigor he will do and suffer as much 
from the love of a womau, and if he has 
been educated to that kind of feeling, and 
finds a career opening before him as a sol- 
dier or politiL-ian, he will brave cvery- 



where they do, ti:e hoiie of wealth loo:ii.~ up 
ill the future alon^c with the aspiration for 

But talk to a man about the possibility of 
acquiring his thousands at one venture — of 
letting him or his friends take gold oil' a 
table when served to them at a feast, as 
Alexander did for his soldiers — as much as 
each -man" wanteii : or uf being warned, 
when it was spread out before the soldiers — 
of Cortez iu negloeled piles, on the Triple 
\ ch-', not to buithen llieiaselves with too 
much plunder ; or better than all having a 
large room hea|ied with twenty million dol- 
lar; of gold, as happened to Pi/.arro 1 Then' 
watch how the eye sparkles ! It is all 
t!ie same whether the man that listens is 
the scientific speculator — the Vandcrbilts, 
Fisks, Goulds and ,Scotts, or the California 
j-old-digger, cx'iress robber, or c;irpet-bag 
treasury plunderer! They nil want the 
yellow boys, and want them badly! And 
when tlie knowing man comes to yon and 
whispers that there's a movement on font — 
a whisky ring or combination to get in 
sugars or other articles free of duty, you 
heed what he says rather th.m the wliispeis 
of conscience. 

I have had mi/ dream realized, or nearly 
50, once or twice. I once had in ban 1 a 
dozen plantations — more than I knew how 
;o manage — and as for bales of cotton and 
iduckade goods to correspond— well, this is 
what I started to tell about, If I can ever 

as abo 

I Butler, who had with his brother controlled 

I the market by military lurce, had shown 

j what conld be done in this way, and had, 

I by awakening the fears of cotton and sugar 

j holders, and controlling the navy, been eua- 

1 bled to carry away his millions. 

! The example was not lost on others who 

were watching the signs just as attentively, 

1 and who soon discovered that where they 

i could achieve the necessary work, or act in 

■ concert with the headiiuarters movement. 

that there would still remain jt-lavge laar- 

gin for individual gain. 

; What had to be done to obtain the 

I money from wealthy baci^ers for buying 

j with, in tlie interior: ne.\t to pick out an 

1 accessible point, at which the connivance of 

the opposing military commandant could be 

obtained; lastly, as all the boats had been 

confiscated by the government, it required 

still mure powerful influence to get pos.^es- 

sion of one o! these, even where the boat 

; that was detained was your own property. 

: The truth was, about the time ol the wind- 

I ing up of hostilities, the yoverument ollicers 

were hcnt on getting the whole, by with- 

hoidiug transportation, where the 

i lines had been extended, or by charging that 

\ a planter's cotton had been sold to the L'on- 

federaie government, and was therefore 

liable to coutiscation. L'nder this state of 

' facts, a great many bales, where not disposed 

of for a song, were hid away in inaccessible 

> swamps awaiting an opjiortunity of getting 

! to market. 

Thus situated, I had made several at- 
tempts to get pus~r,,h.i, ,,[ i ,;., with 
no hope of sucees., ,. i : i.,"jn mcet- 

I i'lg" !U>'e receptm:', '; ■ , : . -cer, who 

I controlled the raafii, <: . n :, . the step.. 
i of the maeniticeut bmldiug lliat had been 
! seized lor'Iirmy headquarters with the lull 
I determination of never going there again. 
] A number of supercilious aids, who had 
I nothing to do but Jingle their spurs and 
i pull their mustaches, gave themselves so 
many airs, that I be-ui. t,. d..-i.ise mvselt 
lor ever havin- m;nK- ,,;i;J . ni ■ : .a M' To 

close of tlie war, uh.-n 
worth S2 SO a pound. 


1 . ' •..' . L 

;.- .'!ii 

x;,r J- 

[ 10 ] 

piace, a« I then believed, forever. 

"Whftt do yon want ivith me," I askeii 
him roii-Iily, and if he h:.ri rc[jlied in tlie 
tone which I expectec, I waa angry euough 
to huve dealt him a blow^ 

■Have we never met before?" he asked. 

'• If so, you have the advantage of me," 
I replied, taking a step a? if to move off. 

"If I am not mistaken you once rendered 
me a great service." 

"Then you can be.^t repay me by permit- 
ting me to move away from a place ic which 
it seems my presence only suggests a 
supercilious stare and ill-mUnred remarks." 

"I am the very man, and what is more. I 
am in a situalion here to do you much more 
of a favor in return than when we last met. 
I suppose things have gone wrong with you, 
frbra your sour looks, and that you have 
not got what you wanted, up stairs?" 

r told bir.) briefly that 1 was not worth a 
cent, but that if I could get hack my boat, 
1 thought I could make a fortune — that 
everjbody was crazy for the cotton move- 
ment to commence — to have it brought 
down from the interior, and that none could 
be got to the market. 

'•In that case come to-morrow and make 
application the same as if you had never 
before made the same request." 

I hesitated at tirst. but ultimately, in 
spite of ray resolution the moment before, 
did as he told me. 

The result was that I got possession of 
my boat and collected on my first trip back 
for freight, cflar of expenses, about three 
times the value of the steamer when new. 
I was offered more cotton, tlian I could bring 
away at S-iO a bale, or, in otlier word;, 
nearly thirty times the price for which I 
have since carried it over the same route. 

Large as the amount was, it did not satisfy 
me. My imagination became excited at the 
prospect of penetrating some of the almost 
uukno\\ u bayous, where the white staple 
had accumulated in large (luantitics during 
the war, and where a bale -nould have sold 
for less i!i gold, owing to the danger of 
confiscation, than I would have demanded 
for carrying it to market. I had been 
warned by the friend who had stood me in 
such good need to keep in the main rivers 
and avoid just such localities ; that the 
prices had been depressed by parties in the 
ring in such places for a specific purpose ; 
and that if I ever penetrated there, under 
some pretext or another, my boat would 
never get back. 

1 promised, after showing him my grati- 
tude by the purchase of the finest charger 
I could find, to profit by hi; advice; bnt 

] temptation soon caused rae to forget it. 

I had started up Red River to Shreveporl. 

where a Hue cargo was impatiently awaiting 

( me; but the sight of the money which 

I had gained on my last trip, began to awaken 

discontent that it should remain idle instead 

of being invested in cotton, where it could 

, be invested at such enormous profit. The 

extraordinary prices I could obtain for 

j freight, began to appear like a beggarU 

; sum, and I soon felt that I was having n 

j hard time of it in having to renew the trip 

when I might make such a brilliant figure 

I as a speculator. Hy the time I had reached 

; this point I fell to talkiug of my dissatisfac- 

' tion to a passenger on board who was 

' making the trip up with me. He insisted 

that the danger I dreaded, was after all 

i imaginary. 

I "These fellows," said he, ''are determined 

' to make a clean sweep of the cotton in the 

interior ; and your friend — who, after all, 

ooly gave you back yonr own boat — lia3 

I thrown you a bone for a purpose of hi^ own, 

and is really one of the ring. ^Vith such 

chances as you have, you are foolish for not 

] piayiifg for all there is on the board. If you 

I ever get a sncccsful load out of one of the 

j interior bayous, where you fix the price 

j yourself, your fortune will be made for life." 

i "You talk as if you had made the thing 

1 a study, and were thoroughly posted up in 

j the matter," I said, emphasising my word? 

I in such a way as to give him an opportunity 

j to make bis proposition, if he liad any sucli 

to make. 
I The man took iu my meaning at once. 
"I live on Devir=i Bayou," he said, "aud 
1 know every cotton planter up there much 
. better than I know you. If you agree to 
' what I advise you, and allow me my jto raf'j 
; for my trouble, put me ashore immediately 
' and proceed with your boat up the bayou. 
I I will hurry across the country ou horse- 
I back, whispering to each planter, as I ride 
' along, what they must do, and will be at 
j tire head of the bayou before your boat 
arrives. You will not have to wait a mo- 
ment for a single bale, and, before the gov- 
ernment officials can be apprised that you 
have entered, you will have obtained your 
cargo and be once mere descending towards 
S the city. Are you into it? Do you say 
1 land?" 

' My mind was made up. I decided to stake 
I all on the chance. 1, however, was so 
I much affected with the greatness of ray 
j risk, that I could not reply and, instead of 
speaking, I gave the signal to head the boat 
I to the shore. The man understood me— 
I gave a few rapid directions about ascentlinji 

[ 11 ] 

aail concert of action which were nnneces- 
sary, as- 1 wus thoroaglily familiiir with the 
giound, and by thu time the boat had 
ronnded to and made her landin;;, he had 
Eprung ashore with his baggage iu band. 

"Us all right, Caprain," he slionted, as 
he disappeared out of sight; and I tried to 
think that wiiat he had said was true. 
F.ut, somehow, after we had again put on 
steam, as I sat meditating over the matter, 
under the bright fuil moon that shone on 
the black waters and panting, heaving boat, 
Div- mind more and more nii.sgave me, 1 
would, probably have recalled my rash 
promise if it had been in my power.'' 

■'Devil's Bayou,'' I muttered, "It is the 
fiend himself that is making me risk a dead ' 
sure thing for an uncertainty. But it is I 
too late to stop now." | 

I immediately hunted up the pilot, but i 
the only command or explanation of my ! 
change of plan wai a few brusque and short ! 
words, telling Jiim to turn into Deril'i Bayou | 
and to proceed up to its head. He made no 
reply at first, but it was easy to .^ee in the i 
sparkle of his eye that he comprehended j 
more than «a? said by my words. He, and 
almost everv hand on bo.xrd who shared, to } 
some extent, the veniure, or sui>po3ed that 
they shared it, (for there, as was ultimately ' 
shown by the result, was trouble.) had ' 
become atfected with the same greed. \ 

"This will be about the iirs; boat that j 
has -passed up that way in twenty years," j 
he said. "There are not many people that | 
Know that the Bayou is even navigable ; ; 
that is to say if it really is so." j 

"Well," I replied, a little anxiously, "we I 
(save plenty of cable on board, and a plenty 
of water; and if we happen to get aground i 
we can pull her up with the windlass and 1 
engine. I don't suppose the javhawkers 
^\iil know that we are here, or trouble us, \ 
and if we get safe through the thing is I 
liOnnd to pay lor everybody on board." I 

"The plan suits me, Captain, no boat has I 
been seen for years Coming in the night I 
time, we are not likely to be mole.^teil by 
any disorderly gangs, either Idaek or wliitt. 
il they had to see us they would think it 
was the devil's own craft, or one eiinally to 
be dreaded, and keep away from tlie Ijank." ; 
The pilot at the time was o!f duty, and 1 
was seated around that centre-table which ' 
so otteu on river steamboats is covered with ' 
gaining checks. With liim were several of j 
the olhcers, wii liopen shirt collars, strongly | 
L.urked features, rudiiy faces and powerful j 
Irainus; there, loo were the cynical clerks, j 
ii-.--liug momentarily from their bills of la- ! 
■ling, and there, too, was the harsh-voiced 

mate, tempering his passions to the luit 
of gain. Below, the gang of laborers lay 
scattered about sleeping with bare breast.-, 
and rude sticks of wood for pillows : or 
dancing like fiends in front of the lurid lire; 
of the engines. The whole scene, to its 
minutest detail, stands out like a picture to 
this day. 

Xo other words were uttered by myself 
than those given above ; yet in a half hour 
after they had been spoken, our destination 
was known to every one on board. To the 
lowest fireman, dipping up the water which 
he drank in a cup from the river ; to the 
weary dining-room servants awaiting their 
turn to stand guard over difi'ercat ends of 
the boat. 

" It is a desperate game we Ijave com- 
menced to play," I muttered, "\rhich affects 
everybody's -fortunes much more than any 
stakes that they have ever put upon the 
table. I w-ould give half of what [ hoj^ to 
gain if it was over with. 

But the boat plunged on up the turbid 

stream, and not long after we bad entered 

the b.iyou, whose dangerous character wa; 

sulficieuily shown in its name. 

i Uii the following night the boat wai 

haik^l by the party who had gone ashore 

1 who had kindled a light, and who on coming 

\ aboard told me there was no need of our 

I ascending higher. He liad secured as much 

I cotton as the boat coutd carry already. 

j "At a little distance from the river,'' he 

' said, "lived two of the wealthiest planter; 

; in the South, at least they were so before 

I the war; owners each of five hundred slaii-.- 

I and producers of crops in proportion. Om 

j of them invested his estate from convicti m 

1 in Confi:dei-ate bonds, and of course h:ii 

I lost. The other has raised enormous crops 

j for four years, besides swindling his gcnc- 

1 rous brother out of what still remained to 

; hiui. In good time, this cotton for one 

I season would be worth SlOU.uOO; aud he 

I has it all stored away and secreted around. 

I ready at anv moment to be taken off by the 

' first boat. 'He is willing to let us have th. 

whole of it, but wishes to be allowed to 

share the risks and possible gains. You 

had better come ashore with me, and see 

; about it at once. 

1 I did as he advised me, and we imme- 

"'i'our friend," I remarked on the way. 
"has been so sharp in saving liis wealth, 
and at the same time so tbrtunate, that his 
luck is sure to turn soon.'' 

■'.Xo he has always been lucky — at canls. 
horse-racing, and everything else. The old 
man is so sanguine himself that he is going 

[ 12 ] 

to stake his w'hole fortune upon this trip. 
And irnt ouly that," said the speaker, no- 
ticing the ilepressioii there ivas in my face, 
and wisiiiMf;- to keep me U[i to the inuik, '-the 
old miin ;i uiagnilitent i!aii_c;hter, tlie 
talk of the country, just ready to get 
married. To he sure of giuny; you good 
luck, he has determined that tlic wediling 
shall come off on the same >)oat that gets 
his cotton to market. What do vou think 
of that? 

"It's all agreeable to me, and 1 hope it is 
all right. But I believe we are at hii resi- 

I shall not forget soon the impression 
made upon me as we approached the house ; 
an almost perfect typo of the residence of 
the old Southern planter, large pillars and 
double portico in front ; a solid brick fence 
and carefully arranged garden ; stone steps 
leading up to a parlur, whence rich iitrains 
of vocal and pi;'.no music were proceeding. 
Through lace curtains and windov.s which 
extended to the balcony floor I could see, 
while awaiting the summon^ of the bell a 
loving couple looking tenderly into each 
other's eyes. One of them tvas the daughter 
of the house, wliose marriage, as has been 
explained was fixed for the day when the 
cotton of former years should he gotten rid 
of.; and that event I could hear them saying 


be : 

The house was full of gay company-^ 
peo'ple who were ignorant of how they 
would he affected by the war, and who were 
enjoying thcmjelves carcle.-isly and reck- 
lessly. The disposition of the four years' 
crop which had been preserved intact with 
so much auxicty by double dealing of one 
sort and another, was evidently a proud 
moment to the owner. He had had to sub- 
mit to a pood manv meannesses and humi- 
liations, but all wiald be right now! The 
crowning success of his life was at hand. 

The crisis was too great to admit of much 
ilelay upon the jiart of any one. Tlie risk 
of profit or lo5.~ was readily arranged (for I 
i\ as becoming momentarily more and more 
apprehensive) as the old planter had 
wished; and it was decided that all parties 
should return to the boat — even the liridal 
party that was to be. They were to remain 
on board until all Sanger of detection of 
ihe cotton (if there was anv at all) had 
I.a..:fed aw,i\.; and tlien, when "« e were fairly 

r.: l:.d Uivi-r, 
shouUl -ive do 
It was all V, 
became atixioi 
tender lovers, 
as much on th' 


■e of repii, 

I We were fortanate in getting our load in 
I time, aud in moving off towards the city. 
I The terrible voice of the mate, so bristling 
ordinarily tvith the most desperate epithets 
and oaths, when any of the deck hands 
showed signs of falteVing or of letting down 
in their work, was as subdued as my own 
now. His intense eagerness to get away 
from the dangerous locality was rather felt 
than expressed, and was, besides, unneces- 
sary, as each deck hand exerted his power- 
ful thews and sinews w-ithout any artificial 
alimuius, to their utmost tension. 

Wo were fortunate, too, in getting past 
the sand bars and around the worst elbows 
and turns of a bayou sufficiently crooked 
to break a fish's back to swim up it; with 
banks so narrow that the branches of the 
trees arched above the current, and which 
looked like an unpicked field from the 
handfiils of cotton scratched out by bushes. 
Then the waters would widen into a dreary 
morass or lake bordered with innumerable 
cypress, whose trunks and stumps were 
constantly touching the keel of our boat 
even in what constituted the channel. 

At one time we had to unload the great 
walls of cotton which we had piled upon 
the sides and transport it across a narrow 
neck of land in order to lighten the boat 
sufficiently to admit her passage down. But 
the greatest difficulty was in the passage of 
a certain narrow channel, where the black 
water flowed fierce and strong, and where, 
unless a boat pursued precisely the true 
course, she was certain of being thrown 
upon rocks or snags which lay beneath the 
surface, and where, if such an accident 
had occurred, our ruin was inevitable. 

In coming to this dangerous locality, the 
mate, who had been as silent and concen- 
trated in his manner as onlinarily he was 
demonstrative and noisy, became involved 
in an altercation with one of his hands, 
who had made some answer to one ot his 
conira.-inds, and giving away to an ungov- 
ernable tempest of fury, he had knocked the 
man down with a billet of wood and thrown 
him overboard afterwanls. He never in- 
tended to have caused his death outright, 
] though this was the result of his action. 
The boat was in too dangerous .1 situation 
I for all to admit of any deviation from her 
I course, and before any other plan of rescue 
I cjuM be attempted the man was drowned.' 
; The accident threw a great damper upon 
i the spirits of all the incu who seemed to 
; feel that the tragedy had t;\kcn away all 
! luck from the e.^pedition. But this ilespond- 
', ency wa.s to some extent cured by prepara- 
j tioiis for the wedding festivities wliich it 

[ 13 ] 

was now iletermined to celehrate at all 
Iiaz:ird5, and by the amount of liquor in cuu- 
3L'qUf iice tliat h;\d iilrcady upon tb:s :i.-" upon 

late. But this adding, rather a.ldud to my 
nervousness than detracted from it. 

It had the etTcct of adding to my mental 
anxiety to sec the couple so confident and 
boiieful for the future ami iguor.uit of the 
.'iituation standicj up to be united just as I 
bare explained at the critical moment, in 
the jaws of our greatest danger. But no 
Captain of a boat or ship ever cares to hint 
of danger to a passenjrer; and besides the 
marriage ceremony had already awakcued 
as much interest with every one on board, 
as if each of the crew was to be the happy 
bridegroom, and every one not eager to see 
it go ou. 

1 have hesitated a little in my account 
about going down that terrible cataract or 
cut of waifr ; and it was becau.>e everybody 
naturally shudders who comes tbrougli it. 
It got its name from the fact that some 
Accident has attended every boat that has 
ever attempted to sail down it. and I have 
not heard of the trip being atteuip^fl siuce 
the eventful uight when u-f were there. 

But to return to tlie marriage. The min- 
ister who had come along to complete the 
.'-remouy was asking, with hook in hand, 
for the customary pledges of faitli. and the 
tender couple were looking into each other's 
^yes yet more tenderly than they have ever 
looked before — than it will be ever in their 
power to look again. Their devotion and 
love to each other was the only illustration 
— the only hint at something nobler than 
'.he struggle for riches there was upon the 
dark background of our venture. The most 
brutal and ragged deckhand on board felt 
m a dim way that here was a biglier appeal 
to his sympathy than what his ordinary 
txperience afforded him. 

■'Wilt thou love, honor and obey'?' The 
answer, if any was made, was drowned in 
;i:t-h a crash as only ever happens on hoard 
of a steamboat — as only ha[ipens in the 
1 o.mplete ruin and wreck produced by a 
'ioiler e.-splosion. 

't ■was the last ever seen of cither the 
bride or groom, tliough their hands were 

I found severed froui their bodies and tenderly 

i clasiied together. 

If it was the ceremony of marriage when 
th ; minister commeuced, it was the burial 
service when he ended, lor them and a good 
many more on board. I was thrown so far 

' and so badly injured I scarcely knew at the 
time what had occurred; but it (iroved to 
be a boiler explosion It occurred just in 
the middle of our difficulties— probably 
from the reckless putting on of steam ; but 

j possibly from the discontent or hate en- 

. gendered in the minds of some of the men by 
the late tragic occurrence. This suspicion 

! was further increased by direct acts of iii- 
cendiarlsm reiiorted immediately after the 

Steamboat fires and explosions are, loo 
common on rivers, as is shewn by the enor- 
mous charges for insurance, to require or 
admit of any description. Suffice it to say 

■ that those who escaped with their lives did 
so, only to be sent to the hospital, aud wiih 
bodies'so blackened that it was with diffi- 

; culty the white could be distinguished from 

; the black. As for the bout aud cotton, they 

The loss -n-as total for" myself, lor the 

planter, who, through four years of war. 

aud by keeping in with both sides, ha<l 

manag'ed to reserve it, tliere were some 
1 bales or damaged cotton saved, but the 
' value of these was consumed in the attempt 
I to collect insurance which was justly due, 
! and a good deal more besides, iu the pay- 
! nient of lawyers' fees. To comdnile my 
|. account of this adventure, I '.as crippled 
j up and poorer in pocket than -ivhen 1 got 
1 back from the Confederacy, and had, be- 
i sides, the mortification or knowing that I 
j had sacrificed for this disastrous cxperinien'. 
1 a cargo that would have been a siiuill for- 
I tune in itself. I do not know that I have 
I ever had many regrets for the old man who 

lost his life and all ho had ever made by his 
1 previous meanness, but 1 would have gladly 
! sacrificed a much more money again as we 

lost, and so would the hands, to have been 
; able to restore to life the bridal couple as I 
I first saw them tenderly looking into each 

other's ^yns. 

f 1 




tbe GasIla-fcC. 



of tbe 

enent ehadows, oaae'esa 

ve, bu' 

kuu.TQ to every one WL'O 

till oeca^i 


u.i? crime in this eit.i, as 
ft, db^etvcs uiach n,o.e 

:o tba 

_i an 

■ ■!o li puDl.o Laa tli'.is Ur 
keuot b.viae title of L,ip- 

T l-'l 


i5rJ 2! 

.' iiU ti4;Qrd 13 biiiV and 

'•t' Ills'* 


c lor or sjotcbaci piroii- 

tlie ay 

i-in'i-e of ttiog tit,-titiy 

(0 07. 

r hia 


\uu ;n-j uot aui-priarO at 


I proceed upon its way without stopping, aa il 
tTcrvihiD"- was nnJt^ra'ood by in.-tm.n; some 
I timed the Caprain woqM a.isbt acd excbanse % 
I fc?.- words'rtitii t'je cibirctier or eome of bi3 
I gas3te. Their anscvfre, lionever, appeared 411 
' uoeatiafac'i-ry, and iDieiv no ligUt on ibe move- 
nts nf ti;e patty lor wtiom luo Captain was 

1 eviuontW dstlivi--^. 

Tao orner vaa now ordered to try Galia-iiu, 
' Eirracks and Old Lcvto fctreeta. A glan-e waa 
?-aetill oarsfal and 
maile to the eboemiLer'a 

w-v or ' 
■ In tl. 

He ie fo 
toll tbe 

to eLooauter, in 

ii>.-iiien wetecnLc 
.a, and KOor.-Loihioy 

9 City ibat tiu cunlit 
01-, or'ibe nour of the 
a^ of the veiiiclcs tte 

j.vd npon the atiej-, 
iij.uieut pronieQiaers 

davorLisat, uv mo lu 

div of the week by tht 

or"to wliat piaca o( 

intended v.eitini f 

manner Ua cm tel ^ . fu qio" irjm luc 

inir 18 Beios "i; ■__jQ ifj,^,iJ,,Vv- j by i'll else but 


lamt RU 


A.-db eoii- 
iror tbo tasioof tie 
:i-jd o-jietvei- loinas 
things irom mina^e 

.. k uDon t'lO CiptiiQ 

, ',-'■"."■' ' . "li'a 

.;■',, • I., . . jOff 

.J out of the u!f-:3 

C-iuii"j has bjMe 
jo;=ful itHc.o-J .lud 

LiSiu^, tio objtc.ion 
boat cornplftiii-; bid 

g.ven at Ot 

S'TlitioiZlO^ v;-iL W;i:3 luo-uc ivj mc i 

New Amsttrdim, Stockholm, Greea Ires, auu 
eimder cofttenon-o. Nocbms: tntre but nvec- 
nitn. siilurs, and the r male and fdmala pliiQ- 
dereira. A baUI-heaced muai-'ian wasplayina; a 
piano in one— thiei or foor fiddlers occunie 1 a 
diid in snotutr— piincipaiiy, as it appeared, lur 
the eapecial amusement of a viTitor who was 
e^ecntiDg » lively breat-do.?n Ufon a table. In 
an-jthtrpUce visitors and gnefts apt eiied to 
eaffor nom a general seizure ot ciotom;r, f nd in 
a state of awful nnditv, were dancing sitU tbe 
fieuz? of so many bacchantes. . ,. 

Toe Utter scene was irreieemably ehockitig 
to eteu the hardened nerves ot our guide, wjo 
aopearedwilu-s eLOiighto get a^av 
reesonin- Lis chances of beu^ roabed or Hiv- 
ing lis throat cut. 

'• There will be three or foar complaints maae 
to-morroTcf po ketbo k» bavin ,' been s-olen, 
of oarrj'i"", slaugrlioitiDg, or perhaps of mur- 
der" but u'a not u;y piaca _to iiiterfera-the 
pariy IS not here that I want." 

' vtirt that queer-looking loslonrant m iJnr- 
gundy?" was the on' owned by tbe notor oaa 
Laura I'iy, recently deaL L-ho closed msiHad 

^- ,.^,, h^f t^ivzt^r ^^7 f^t^iitn'jr tmrried. 

_ eo:nmeoJing her 
and iu ie.'s'han t.vclv 
ponoro I »iih her lia 
slep.ui in a c-ll o 
Lii!.e WIS Silvadar 
whoso bi^lory is tlm 

areer b7 getiiDg married, 

; bours'tbe man (vbom she 

.id been i lovcr, hua- 

1 iiadc;ji£di:iediyh7 

dea b'.ing uraadic 'V bloued nr.d 
;itii, ud ti the .-nooosmoa till'- 
> bad beeu cjiumiticd, ACd toSa!- 

' ,;■ cr goics tbron.;U the ns :al 
' t a woaiiQ of hi r avjcitiao. 

I w 

coven or ei:-;h 

- ; ...ytd to ttia lutcben 

, ' . -J'ish^comednM, she 
-y. .■:'.'. aiijsOiiuently reiuiued 
j.~~'e?=ed ntiil, as Bupposcc, oi 
thousand dollars riUo .-. -■ i > ' •■ 
itiuraut buiiiaeaj, aad ace./.. J 


first one lover and then another, bdc! beinff 
made to i-:u;ier more or le?3 bj- eacb and all of 
them. In orio taoe she was i iduc -d (o mika 
eome sort of wntum iiiatnimc-nt bv Tvhicli the 
control of hir jiropertv was tranefcrred to a 
fast triend, and the natural reanit S'lnn followed 
that ehe v. la ehut out of house and home. The 
atlair ended by a law suit. 

Her last attiehnieot wu to Salvador, and his 
acoouut of tlio matter wa^ that no lininpr to be 
liviBg niih a woniao to whom he was not mar- 
ri';d, he had all slon; determined to invoke the 
bleesmg 01 tho ciiurch, and had only been pre- 
vented by one unavoidable circutnirance and 
ano'.her. At the time the death to'ik place, the 
weddiae drcsB had tieea ordered, and the cere- 
mony was to bave been periormed aa soon aa it 
was finished. 

One nifrht the attached conple agreed to pay 
a virit to the rrcDL-h Market on the followint; 
mornins;, and at tlie time appoin'od prepared 
an early bcial;las;. Stiorilv alter Laura com- 
menoed cotuf laiatnEr of oains, and vomited up a 
blaclr lool^iLS lluid. A cup of cotlee and a 
lemonade, ai!n}iLjiH;ered bytSalvador, produced 
no happier elfeet, t^alvador now apnliedtoa 
physician, b:it los^ ;jOujo lime in fiDdinjroae 
who would cou-ient to act without a cenainty of 
being pud. 

On the day after, the 'weddins cerrmonywss 
performed, ai'hough the deceased must have 
tnofrn that Bhe wag upon theDouitor dr.alii. 
She furthermore made a will, in -wbich sf.e 
declared her last friend (as the custom nearly 
always is) her iegatee. She died in the after- 
noon. Upon caUinp; upon a doctor for a certifi- 
cate of natural death, those who appeared de- 
ohued giving it, in view of the ewoUen apoear- 
ence o* tl^e body, and peiha; a other attendant 

Salvddor ueanwhile had been arre'ted to 
await the rccult of a p- °' uortem examination 
upon the body by the Coronor, aud »as carried 
to his cell iiidii cint: iu iaiienta'ions upon tho 
eingularity and SL-veiity of his Iste. 

The iQveif. ;atiou, however, ehOK'tl that the 
deaiU w:is tLo rtault of rti=eape and of tlie life 
Lanr.i Lad alivays led. Its nholo clltct was to 
convince SalveOor that s weduincr day may bs 
the most tnisevable in life, and that one eo"me- 
time-s gets worst punished for doing the most 
creditable actiono. 

"Bat you s polia just now Captain of wanting 
a certain party, what is the ii»t\ire ot jour 
Bsarcu ? " 

"It ig the disposition made of a number of 
valuable diamnrda rocpnrly, and the discovery 

'}•'•: '■■ 's i.-i H' .. I i [ ' ■■,•: ' ■! r . ! :'; .'f the 

tbose who were only too worldlv-wise or ^Bscm- 
pnl'ius. Nearly a 1 ot the diamonds that ars 
w;irii, and a good many of the siiks that ar« 
fiannted, date back n that remote day." 

"Itappcarato cost eNmtthias for the better 
clao-' of these votarifs uf pu-isure to live'"' 




iiiia have their 6 
r exact at lea=.t 

;iti3 l-.iit fair thOT 
,h« proiit. tl:u'e, 
ek for bosrd, and 
o'lj'.r e-penses amount to at least as much 
1 more. liosides, the hutterHies f;on?raIly die in 
, debt, and reonire coi'tins, and the diamond riuga 
' hardly ever l;pep loc:» euouih to pay for these." 
j Tte det'-ctive alighted at the door of a houee 
i of DOblo proportions, of & dirk red hae, and 
! -wnoso sristocratio tint doubtless served a^ a 
; littmc prelude to the architectural g'crif a witb- 
1 in. So ai, least hint°d the plr.ted pUt& door, 
j lined with delicate carUius, tuti the laiiblo 
I slips that led thereto. 

I In answer to the sumEo:}3 which the Cao'ain 
j made at the door te was a-hored in. as could bs 
I seen from the cab. tbf0u.:h a passage way 
adorned with a couple of Ftatnes representing 
! some ODEcuro divinities nf 'isbt, andinwDoae 
hands wera held lighted flambeaus. Beyond 
I this lay the driwing-roora, peooled T/ith a fas 
: fgmesin gh'tterins attire, and who, from their 
coituiijfr End manners, inight have been visitants 
from the MouDtBins 01 the Moon. Neither did 
the deroratiODs of the room? in thepictures that 
hung from the walla, tne piated mirrors, the 
delicately tinted furniture, appear to be alto- 
Reltierof a sublunar character though evidently 
intended to cmojdy a sybarite's da-eani— luxury 
and repose. 

The protesiue and Ijharre aspect nt tycry- 
thing— splendor witnout comfort : glitter and 
sparkle, ei-ggeetive of ijeath and despair, in ils> 
ba'kuround— gave rise to eingular retl.orunj. 
now--ser. the qn°-t;'-n3 a-kri after the Captain 

'■ 1 ■ ' ' : ' 1 : ■ ;nificent to be pre- 

cis ■! ■ .. . - T : '■:■. if it is one. it is 

Bu ;; ,- .. :,-■ :■:: i. . ,- ■: ht to give to her 
abl,,. ._ . L... L'.r L:m ■ ■ r. .Loial,her most vir- 
tuojd .^t iteeniin or b-.-t r.^Dorior. Is it pos^ibls 
that a distinsuished General or banker leiUy 
resides here'." 

"No— they only come hero as visitors. The 
hoii?e von are in is, in point of of fact, tie v.v^t 
'magcilieeat of tba ti ifonx itamonr. In ti-.e 
saR»e-way that the MiseiJ-inpi contribu'pi ti:f; 
mud decosits of a dozen different State.-, in t'r' 
same way dopi tin \iJi((.r cnntritintr. to..-'. .■ ; ! :." 
coatof tliob :! '.•>•■:. i: .-. ■ r. r -il- [.. 
city, p"th^p^ •■.:;' ' :i ■• . ■ ■! 

times the n - ; - I .■,■■■; 

-■Dward that, ■ 
' dark, or nnt 
, Douae, Baaio, 

was dis:tovered 

r, de.scendinir the 

■A\.i, liy the curses 

jiy tvoman ovir iba 

ing nopeari' 

be none the ricber 
dtteetive, e\p'it:ato- 
;icvcrthe!?f?, has a 
irited mother, vho 
-.18 erave. or furm.^h 
iphiog, thantbit ha 

hrearms -."j 

timps affectedly, eamclime; in earnest. In ench 
caees one party ur th-- c'-utr had to lfs,vu." 
ihe coQJeeiur: ! v i •.. !■ nrr.-r- There 

phielicatf J vie 

hat! tlio besl^ 1 

in ihriiwins tl: 

1'he u*riv \T 

md attractiona of 

!- to l.eeoAr 


II J a 

or on the 

cncouctered at il 
Canal ou a tin^jUt t'iv. 
The detective nhi3.."rea a Tord in hi3 ear : 
'•juQ are wanteJ and -.r- looked after. You . 
fcsil t-et't-r e.i to bei.lqiv era and rep rt. ' 

Th» w. II dreetea vui sLt fD'm ttie iippor floor 
turned Jeatliiy pi'e. I', naa obvious thif, all i 
tt!ou;;ht6 o( his oujucn cea.eot naa betu foi- 
gotteo. 1 

t'.f-tue next bnnr wi 1 
= 8 ended. We ha--* lelc 

, and neie la.^c nioro in the stitet. _ 

urty we iMV.'jad' met," 

streets t!i 
(airs rece 

and reinrn-d t 
trars.'Ct;nn in h 
clerk in at; up-to 
mannfrj 6h>' w» 
ed— the husta' 

The ob>ct of 

jttr^iotivu at IPH-t fr.jtu 
:!:.i Hi;?. It was the mii- 
■iMl.ilT inl!iienc»a by 
: .'t only iu her hooks', 
in i ''dU' (TiS the binding 
Inr ca-ily-da^izled fancy, 
iimencea By pettini; mar 
cgust'-d trith the modes 
had been Riven by 
) day sold the f urn itnre, 
with tijo yiiM from the 



trs who 


cjuntrv nieicLsn'B. 

about this time djm»— 
oti as a ratnintio Rirl. 
!• tdmi'itina ps^ generally 
epol;e of ei d wro'e lo as "Pear Oao," 
and cce nisrlu phe iniie lim ^o t > chnrch with 
the family, :n iheb>--' -■ c ' ■! '^r ^ tbit D^ir 
Gqs conid obtain III. . ; i '-iptod tlu^ 

same experinif-nt a " , ,' , , - i the cor.oia 

r,*ti i[;:i' ' . ■ ■ ■ - ' I ' ' ■ 

other ttiice uii,-,.,- ;, -.i-.o „i,:i,i,,; ,.(.,■.. .i 
was a'.rk«iirJly siiuated f_r ruaciic!,' 8'ier him. 
The thief is fo'nnd, it is true, lo v, but jii-nce is 

i9'>tiieDt in this couutry. Tbe jeweler w:a oroo- 
anly bo glal to Ret & portion or his niDoey 
back, and diemi's tiio orosecution. Or even 
siioposiBp that heehould convict his mnn, and 
eend him to the State pet.itentiaty, he would es- 
cupo from there, »a is bciDS done almost eyery 
aay without 'roab;e. StiU, oyen here, biirsiara 
get picked tsp eooner or later. Do von remem- 
ber Wa-aou, who robbed $10,000 of joirelry 
esca;>ed from car penitentiary an" 
ICnqlund. I'nluckier ticre than her^. ce did ; 
not remain a month irefore he was sent to Bota- 
ny Bav." j 

'• l;ut to letnru to the bous» vna have ;Uf». on- 
terr.1. What is thR moral >"a derive from yoar j 
tr.enty years of eioerieace 'r " j 

" 'iiie moral is that it reiuires as much talent ; 
jcceed as a thief or a. pimp as 

nd «ent back i 


that to po slow by the old fash- I 
tho best policy, and I 

iOLCil roads of hones' _ 

that for the woman whose cheek once 'orccte to 
hlnsh at tho mention ot dis^hon ir tlien- is ronlly 
bat, little dttiLrence tolw:. urns-liutrio rtiitncnda 
and sdks and djin;; m a danco house." 



Certain chaiacte 
f.surici; eo oiten it 
are so often annoy 
nanu'S, or ti'U ha' 

1 or the Period. 

coarse of time to 
)rds, andreiii.iters 
lai; to write their 
; prayers and en- 

c^i.tenii.t her rounar.e en ! ilevrition. and, 
stnppiiis her in the mir'dieof tno e'reet, de- 
manded if ehe took him for an egresione sim- 

roeyyreDt oT tosether, bnt it was toward a 
rte^aurant and not tbe church ttify set oat. 

Her friends did not know m:ich about innie 
after that, acd a »hort letter whi.'b etie write 
dated from ano'her dty will bo fiifii.'ienily long:, 
in epite ot bad soe.lioi.' to draw a mir,i! : 

"i) ur G'i'--'— H.ivana is tiie nj'UDfet plicei've 
ever sein. and I've had the bluTs st bid I i'etil 
realyto an't living. Putl takf the ;ibe. tvr.fh-p- 
in;: ■..':■- : '. i-'-nin? Ih- bime ,:ompiaiijt it'3 
h T i t ■ .11', for a ti-ii months' love, 

■all ■! , ' I .ly is pin-d out. tioma may 

cjl -.1- It >n't. 8o (tood buv, Dear Gue, 

a;. I ■ 1 ■ r , ' . ' Anme." 

1 . ■ ' I ved (with an excplMn som 

til ! ■ ■ . ',il, aa fai-e^eils imiit^ 

t!,. ■ :-■'■■ is an nnorincir.;-' I 'iiear 

Gu , '.I '.-hi ths lattt-r himself when 
be =.»i-- iij.»i ti.ti IctttT was dated rrom l.tipeues 
liottl, I-Jo. GiStuiento Key, near Plaza del Chri.s- 

It was not nnlil a couple of years after that 
that Aei.;- 8::ani rPtnrned to the cily. Ilfin- 
whilo tli,; had met up with, in Havaii;'., on'j of 
' '-■ l.y hotel k.;er- 

io JliujidiiiQa .Mirket. 

cientlv to return. 

A coupio of years aft 

! prosper bere,) llie sci'ui 

' of a chunh 

tho IloteiDieti. Th.> 

ooea for tbe per'orr 

■ nrony, cud a gor^cco 

(for afTaira did not 

ittad to tho interior 

i:i the iieiKliboihnod of 

acred edfilce nm t^rnw-j 

youDs ladv who ' 

tlun^li in r-.-U:v 
end, stf-orr.-i:?. a 

tben P' 
jts in b 
r old f. 

Iftreated, not | hirn fcr the dunprerg he hid psseed. in 

■•^- c'ear of Ivtb driTPrs aid police ofilc. 

vr?re, firsN a il.r.'j'.a whic'i i:o Bljsli'-trart i" Tet 

(.■ .nx! of ricb S(.;vt. A! auT: ntf. Ut n,,nips rir.!, 

who was e'ill cood Io;>Iiiu£r, bi3 
arrival from Havana nodjr tlie 


ptriod that an aoeident occurred 

Dcroasa Li^r 
tie altar i!if sv.»nl, 
Iv as ii^r Urances 
was placed upon 

auU so^D showed, 
r altncbment fur 01 
noved bi€ now bin 
ra'ic lookins moiH 

tb^s city, f.' 

■1 jJ coaie back 

d:n.i,.i:t 1. 


■n.Rt th^endoftb 

fir,d:n? t-i 

obtaicfd ;"• 

- ■' !■ -1 o' a sni 

tbepol .■■. 

■ • -hiler 

eeen Ani- 


. ■ '•-' ''Tc 

ptrn- -r. . 

np-:r mniiajrein epite or tUe o 
her friends in pei.tral and ibE 
fripcd-- ID particular. 

In tpi e cf temptins ofT-rs t 
EllvwanC'i by the r'.r,- (uij, to the 
and in a weddiDp dress as C131I9 
woald admit, the ROlJe 
her fin?e-. 
]>E-demjna, the j 
t. LI.,) which li%d ! fi:ed cTC-fybinp tn b 
. ,- on vriih the 1 and when the latter : 
i:i a duel pince ] bride Iron the ari<t( 

■ - man of po- irti'h fhs bad lately re-idfd, It was to carr? her 
:iL- 10 the wsr 1 to ibe unprMendioR cotuue of bis osn " Ttie 
. ..Die; fen' from i marriaae didn'i re.^u't as Laopilv as might have 
with only an in- i b^en fxcected from one founded eolck on lova 
Othclo'd occupation, in tbf flrst place, was pod.' 
ennnleasantnesB^ that 15 to say, be was no longer wi'liof' tod.'. 
I'll or resources an.wb*rE:_i)ot so much as ro curry bis tiordfs 
fcrnntncroiy noon or evi-ii himself. 

pin clutT, be had ; Ir nreJ hardly be said that love in the co'- 
■1 and her hands tage '..on fndpd, and that ano'.her chan"e came 
e Cs^h of these ' ever her bistory. 

l"^ C-apfain. The ! 

■ ineKecorder, ' Fi-no of tto.'o < 

- I cir-n' fsTefta and 

-■■) of liecorder ' chasers of the or>f 

. ■= mado, irhilo I Kl5ni-:S8t uore 


the Workb 

ppeech upon s 
putforra wi'h 
in rortv s'lon'd 

that. It tbo reiinc^t was sraoted, the <Vnrkbo'isa 
party should leive. The Kecorder tberpupon 
granted the iconest 

Tbe Captain thrn pror-eedcrl t-i (he Work- 
honse and Oitained the releitjof his friend. 

next m-vs (it was dirk bv this time) was to' I Isi 


Zi^m 1:7. f'- uore ihsn o.' ce, eves if ^cu d ) LC. 
we-.T bonneis or criniliKp, or adoro'vnur head 
wi'b :.ack hair and wi'^rfaiN. Oce of thsse we 
biv3 m our minds e.^e nil] serve a.s a saiiDle. 
Ihfi name of the pmpric'.rpss le inscribed in 
po'den letters iip-.n its stone front. Tbe 
Piodiccsof tb3fjo.7'(/i/.-area-lorQea with uUte 
Riass of the largfHt pa'tern. and boBered anl 
Ra-ls'.a-d wifb rihb-.n.'i. One is pern)i"ed 
to admire the delicate Valenciennes, Poitt.- d'A- 
end rther ornaiitnts n tb» br .u ►'^'' 

vix doll, wh> 

, ore tor Ijmsrdf, the ' mcludme 
'tssd in ihos". and ; sre iivic!.-, seen-s dtssi 
n ton, to proceed to I fashini, l,a> w'lat s'ou v 
i curtsi'.is hide the interior 
who'f face was now : from tbe tn '.0 gaze of the 
end o'luriise unre- 

ether fcrhi-i fr end. ani d 
witn an o^'*''coat worn 
Annie's rfsid.rco. 

Arrived ibnp, Ca:.t. Gus 
ehaioived wi b whiskera bu-j ovi^riise unre- ccp; ftitb a companion 
oosnizsbia, kn^.-Ked and.succeedelinpiinin-: one n^eeti in entering 
entrance. The tfmbel inn.a'e was then in i 6tr,ined welcome. Not 
l^ttoptacl didnotprrventtberan- I ia »«■ rdKl 1 im to 

".niing to sc.irch ' price o' the r av tiulsd arii 
I a'onnrt. and any vicillatim 

it.t oib- 

tsin fr^m enUrin;;, snd d 
the rreriii.^e.'. 
This detnaiid bo pr.ic^edcd fo 

tion, turn 

Annie's ha-jrl 1 
had no ri-lr to 1 

If' h" 'ixa'lVwts ' 

O'T D2 WdV al 

real noiice ^rrf 
Cip'sij naa irr. 
and Ar.nif in a 
fonie roD-piain' 
from her, tlio cin 
from h«r. m o- 


nteries, tbo I hdv to (n 
scene. Tho I iii.s"'>t tbil 
I m one cell, ! And v-t ni 
un.=q.en.i> ' L 

er every Oil -i-n in hi- 6:.-)r«, and 
lit she ehouH in-ita-.-lv trade or tra^-el, 
mnis en ■ . a si'- n .as:vs aniui' thit 

■ dreims of conic, i-'m .7 

■ ir: encb an es'abh-iiT.ctit as thi.-s that 
r:;t I'oms np. Shewp.< e-nnloted b-re 
ims --'Rs of tb^ l«>s> "id-r. asd h:i 
ciT- J-21 B nion h. Ii ir-orDin.? to 'Trd 
'." hjd been rfiz d wi-h a niomenlari 
f I'orc cf spt"i:K' d .r.-o^o » vir'u m* life 
z'.u]- f•\^e i;':1 hfc-^'i r. by this timf. 

1- oif-J for \ 

-nc; drun 

MfO lb' Wr 

' > iimbor.-i o.f 
«i blop and- 1 

r.'ii^r- wl 

'rie tlifre Ibat Annie wofe in a (loli- 
irom the As^vlnm of Pariabs the fol- 




City 'Wokkhod.'!E, - 

, ISCO. 

loffiug Dote : 

T» tlio Hon. Reorder Gasfirs': 

Ileal- Sh-—I wa8 fommit'ed bv you on the lOlh 
on tbe charpre of drunkecLess for tbe term of 
thirty dsy?. 

It your hOTor will be lind cnoucb to rerceru- 
bf r, yon promised nic tha* if I wonl 1 net a few- 
lines from Sif^=.r Fraicf?, in *!]<- Ciari'y Boa. 
piui. to the cdect that I t-A! leoenll' b=en un- 
fifr her care, ttat joa w-.n!.! ri Ici-e m°. 

Yoar honor, I have ivrlrtec a l-tterstafirtr tbe 
raap, and fent it bvCieTrs^e Drinsril, tbe B'n?k 
5l2ria driver of the FtM Pi.i.i.n, Hf- wen* twice 
eirice yeaf rrliy morri-r-', bir un'or^uniteiy was 
not ereoe?tlnl io Feeiog her. as I smppo^e she is 

tbd brat or tk" las-. f:m-. 

It Has arroL'os o' this remark that ench a 
meetiog oec irred not a sreat mnuv n'shta sgo, 
at a lai.^ hour, au.1 we wish to tell from hearsay 
one ot the stuiieins a.vonnSa .':iv,--n of it, The 
scene wis in an oti.. of tbe \»av sa ooa, on one 
of ths back B^reete. The e.t*ct locality of tbe 
caharet was bcspoki-n by a Innri 1 iiii|), ins.'ribgd 

lu this saloon, snd r 
tivo men, ea 'h arra<-J n 
were eta&diLs. ami from obvijn 
appearance atd characitr. foct 
co.,tras;. each latino the ossi 
placed lefore him. and each alte 
iiporj by the eame oyster ope . ent wis ob.iously wa'c 

jealou.'^y bj parties, and iud 

nsr the o'.unter, 
irnn~8d fotk, 
d'.i^-rence in 
in prot's |ue 
ra that were 
:iately waited 

from the Rf 


es. and iud.;ing 
look with which 
proceeded Ih" ocuoatioa was 
more of a duo! thin of i 

ili ^'ny nith Si -ter 
coa:if* before yonr 
lonth? without re- 

fbould iiid'y lihentc tr.e. I w 
France? until I am wp;i. If I 
honor agsin, Rive me Pis n 

Hor^in!!- 1 have no! written in vain, lara vonrs, 
rc^ipecifaliy, Asnie - — 

The rcqnest was granted by tbe Kecorder but 

did ro t;nrd Ancie w;'.-, sent to the ho?- 

pi'alintlie Street C immi=,ui in-r'a wafron. but 
in i-n K 11 'c a condi'inn that fb---. appealed to be 
d, .li uf,ic e''e arrived Ih^sA. The driver 
tL' I ■.: n ci^ried her to 'he oM buiidinr; u?e I 
tor •:!n iniTips for jnr.o rj. and rUcod ber 
i; • .'•- M r.i- of ibPre It v.-i?; m fT-'. within 
til - T-' r . • pii=on-boiise iu wbi 'b sb? lial been 
l'r.n..-'.;'f'> pi, eel, tbiii sh» r-Rth-d berh^t. 
I!- i.-rnus were rsrricd to p.:ip Lh-.Ha'.s 
<■. rn.i v, and enmiitt lii? hricli? Khich had 
t.-M: I !,.n froTii the oM Orl-ine lue^lre sl'fr 


for the 

(ihc ivMijl I ln«e th)u=;ht that the coni- 
pIicaM,:ii~ ^bcn had atta-bed a* every 
ftiSf to ti-Ja W'mai's bfo wonld have 
etop!>r:d h=r5. No'bir)£: of tte sor- Toe 
lust rarriTiiotir with wliora Annie bad lived waa 
an old brokrr, who bad coirmeECEd life bv be- 
ing a po'.-e nfii:tr. Us i-id a cairn, daring' 
the, 83«in<' a wii -.t? po;a ^s.sod o' a hou:)e 
and fn;M5 nioai)?, STid nho a'j.indoned it lo so 
into Up foil' il'ra?' f'r.r'D.ij tbe s crmy pe- 

. , Mr, t'e'ore the counter bad been lined 
• .:, I, !. 1-: nianytlieile tLft fe«tiiTri« ct one of 
iM- u.^ m u, the one whj in phv*i,|ne and 
strength would have male a masniticjnt drav- 
nian or bliick-imith, bepan to relax ; h° opened 
hia jaw8 !0 a cilmly cu ditative, (nor to say 
drunken 1 manner, and cloa'jd and woricod them 
with 8lo.v. runuDalive niDvement. Tne world 
was his oyattr. and in hia adual n^ood be wonid . 
hive theo coLsnmed a dozen worlds or a d>zen 
oisierc, Bith the game philjaophical indul'er- 

Tbe fea'orcs of hie antagonist, and who 
would have been taken lo- a i.v..', well-fed man 
ofeuc ett, nevermtannb.lechin£;e 1; he emp'ied 

fuithtr ipciueul than ihe cillin 
Wbi e, biidci-c^e psopr-rs and ott 

much U' tie diecie; 

.and w ; 

. , 

Eoroo ei/'Unl; '0 

.'bt on.i:.-- • 

-.aft," bv ■ ^ 


f-ii ■ ,,-i'ie il,.>i-, ■ 

.-.- wa? d-. M, 

-■!;:■ h^'bi-.i|, 

■Ok and'ifrs. 




'■ :.v> '- ri'll. pir.' 

said tho bi-t'i 




til.- t,!,. : "•0, Miio\. 

i:-i-.- himself, fa 

}■■ R- 


f a 

■ CtlJllL-^- ... <L.-' ■- 

■■■m:U or a fo- 

■-■ ], 


] t.H'n id n ilie.i n.ll 

il, e p'0».,'T■.^^ 

;. .. 

I Wten thd city >• t 

i C cat iroia i' 


1 ant coimorre. \v 

■ tall.ilv Wi^i Rf 



m esion l.on-.e r. 

ii ■• name, c 


; proioc-s ar.i! cio 

.10 heSa-e. 


re was 

.-Mil in ■v'och 

iiv :ii; 



J. t<--uirr,iyo.i.:. 

Li-.,cn toiiUoD, 



J or 

•■Looker here, 

ii:.Tr-T knew 

•an : 




•tim V .thai '0 

1 a"-'', 


you arc. ■Vrul.e-p 

\on:fi.lf r o-ii 

fO x' 


nicu ; they bive slwaTs cot all of the offices 
tbtre waa to k-h. and dividea them cp,,T.-b6n 
tbe.y couui, a-i;on? tceir rimilj and tricars. 
^011 have froze on to everyitii s the-e waa to 
I>i.'eze to ; and tha 's aboiu. all you hava douo. 
•-ii la i.ot worth wbile taiuios to a d— d rouah 
about wha: he cant uadersiand,' resuratd the 
tretepeaser, wiih a druLken air of prandeur, | 
jnd ai 11:6 same t^me lisrowiD;? bm.felf iulo an 
orV.Tiic^l i.oM ion. "Whv, eir,"eaid bo. dnv- | 
iD-'bi3 lorktbroiish ant'vster and braiidiabms , 
itTa the air, "«bT eir, oor history dates Irom 
tbetime when an'otbtr p'jrtionot the city waa 
tbe great bus-.n-^s ctiiire-the history of roy 
I im?<vo-jld tbe decline and fall of tbe 
,;;cspeinv of tbo .iiy. Why, s'.r, tho nicn to 
Uoi. I have tbc ho'-or to claica reUtion, made ] 
C, h.-;-6utia the eutreiot tor ine coiPinercB of tbe , 



and, B3 It were, pits them on 


. i511t 

oped her 

lu'l biisar cnkuro, contioUed 
her Western siiTonnr.-'. and asi faotora repre- 
sented ine IhouKfs, ftehDRS and prejudices of 
tht^ class who t;^>-= the State her wealth. , 

"Tbat dots not pretcot you from bems a 
d_dolde!^w and dead brat now, who 
("on't unaerstood bow to get ahead byneiviceaa 
and crcecuts? Yon are oniv fit to keep Ihiccs at a 
standBtill, where they were twenty years ago ' 

'•^ow Ideas? You ore a hop has no ideas 
whaitTer -no reverence cr sentiment lor age. 
Babl GiTemesoir.e tqisKv. l3arkeecor;_he is j 
not worth tbc fine speech I made, and wmch he , 
can't" ... , - ! 

•• Gif iiim a drink that tnll poison hira— 
EometUinK that will work oft- the whole ot his 
loud-mcaiDcJ, swindlinK, Ptoaiing, oftice-hold- j 
ins stock, and I will pay for tbe liquor, bsr- 
kteper At the fame time a ?la83 for me, too. 1 
1 want to diint to L-m with tbat toaat." _ _ j 
• Tne glasses were placed hctore tbem in bi- ] 
lence, atd tbe liquor ponred out and emptied , 
down with Bimiiar runDiog compliments. A 
•'lassof water was placed on tbe couater.and | 
beiore a spcond one could be hlled, the first 
was claimed by botb characters. | 

Therooeberlojtiugof the men got hold Oi , 
■ it first, but it was siiatcsed from cis band by 
h,8 better dressed rivi.1, wbo lutima-ed, by put- 
fing hie hand to his side, that he w.s prepared 
to hold possession. A band-to-band stiugg^e 
lollowed There was acoupio or aocfsbuta tired, 
and the roagher socaker bad his shirt collar snd 
bosom torn open nntil it was made to resenib a 
an exaggerated Byrouic mod.!. a"d t"0 «,bu!a 
affiir euded by his tiv&rs being knocked down 
with tbe lambler. 

"You may think, barkeeper," said thenpnsht 
combatant," "tbat I ought to pay for tbr.t tum- 
bler, but I shall do sothmg of the sort. Its 
voar fault in n.t harm- bone=.t v.sit.'rs and 
keepiug an orderly boose, that tlie tuoibler was 
broke Aud as for tbat miernal cuss on tbo 
floor thcre-here coma along-yon. 

He caught his prOBirate and weak-kneed foe 
by the dollar, and both dis&ppearea ihrougu 

'"•^Ain'Tthev tbe d-dest rnmmiest pair that 
ever you sob ?" inquired the bar-keeper, ?7hen 

"^'%,-'^.o'are'tbey?' was the immediate inquiry. 
'■ liie heavii-ot of tbe two is a contractor of 
cnip uort hi d tl r otbtT belps him with bia in- 
M ,"„,.,, ',,- ', c ''jir ..-t^ thronqb. They are 
i:"''-:'/ ■-:""•'■ ■- t'-v never seew to 
, "• . - ; t tl .• contracts, and 

'^: ' ' ' , - . ,\ , :,.r tuitwav. Wbicb- 
*''':..'- ' . ] •,:.•! tbo other boaie. 

c''v-\' [■' ■ ' • 'c ' r -• . p-r. as he put up 
th^'^u'iu".'!- and \-"u -h-.l tbo whole partv out of 
dV'r-" 'Mi'.u.. a-e a heai) of ([ueev clinnicterH, 
n, d the ,iii.-p'eht iu the worla are lbo«e wbu 
a-TO.-to well' aooiit «um6 tbinss and du-agrce 

It is not an unpleasant aflair to altend tht) 
marriages ot young couples-to see bridal vcih 
and orange bloesoms-to hear the Uea.en 
Mese^ousl" sol. the other poUte phrases with 
which" a good natured^ world s^t'^f" ""» vnnthf,.) 
pair on tbeir way, " 

Of the 'marriage of which we are ro 
s-ifRk, tha reader m"Bt suoiose that tboao 
eknrestions of friends hv.c been for some 1 
fnrgofen. Several nioniha have rolled by 
wp are d-^en isto tho honeymoon. Tue marriage 
thus far has been a happy one. Thero is & 
hand-cmo revenue. There is a residence m the 
fashiorable part of town. It is not ditacalt to 
be happv on each terms. 

The only point of disagreement between the 
cair is t'e strong friendsbip the husband has 
for a bachelor friend. It may be because tbe 
young man has melancholy drooping raoua- 
taches witb epiked poiut.-^, or it may be becanse 
he has weak e\e3. Or it nity be because Madam 
imagines that the young man with weak eyes 
niiMe-"!^ hf-r husband, occupies too much of his 
t-me Vtbit the pointed mouttaches points tor 
h'lra the' downward r-«h. At any rate, she cant 
abide tbe weak-eyea guest. 

Tbe young man hves, when at home, up or 
down tne coast, and d-> 
many dats at a time. J 

came to tbo city, it was tiie-r iijLi-_eu»r lu ..>,» 
ofhisgnio.: to a hotel. Ihf trxcdahip > tr-. 
bnsbandwunld brook no denial A bed and a 
place at the table were alwdvs at his disposal. 

Thns matters stood up to tbe last visit. On 
that occasion the Toung man from the country 
paria'i was met asusuai at the boat. But instead 
of bei.uc escorted to ihe residence he wsa shown 
thew.vtoa ratber gl..omy counung-toom. A 
door leaeling to tbe resr opened into a dailt, 
emptv-lookmg, cob-webbed apartment still more 

'Thesoalof the weak-eyed young -f^atibefan 
to be a::va to some misgivings. He thoaght be 
deteHsd a aioiater tone m tho conversation ot 
his triend wbioh all of his etjorts failed to con- 
WhacstidfG-ther coaUr 
)~s and caused bis mous'j 

eJ these mis- 
rban "ever drooping, was tha sight of a pistol 
"There was no xoistake about the matter. The 
mUTZle was actually poinded a'- ms breast. 

^^VS'.'.f :t'\hTV1rU^ olTour life. Did ,o« 
write this."'' 
'■ Bai-" ^ „ 

1 Tl^'^^i^^ yon^e '^=" '"^? ^'''°''^ ^°^' 

i "'-MV^' co'^'fe'stralh-'c'oDUnned the hus- 

band ■• «he was detected with Uowera rotn you 

f.^Jfhi** aba could not accoant. Uoliw you 

'Td^'!i.aa"/eSp'o\T,'swi»h the nau7.1e of to 

friend itmained si: 

'"•'''Oa bnt'one condition, proceeded the 

can yon live, and that is by ,S'S""^ 

acknowledgment that you are tho autli 


Ihe nnforluca 
wilbuat ciiiupttl 


f mborod, but 

I -li 

: bo death i 

clerks w".'r6 present C^o of them, witho 
utce o. viol'ncc, was ordered to prodac i 
SiawtfiJ. It was doao. 

:i antt answor were written doirn, 
the proludo to Bimilar intenoga-'l 


o tban 

nan was eien- 
ed. Thewesk- 
ever the control 

sii3 the h 
make a-i 
sii. He is 
f it— X ac 


" you arrive in 
nt witnead. Ho 

SOU think BO. I 

; or tofrir 


'u Blwaysriglit. 

' iii- .1 inj time for jes'icg. That man, 
Lj.-a=^, iiui cuatesjiu th^t iLm- packuse wbii'i 
H, juftse j„'. r lias lotOiEtd uis was evidentij in- 
tended for yoor eve — " 

"Well, wliat abuut ttiis package— what does it 

"iio vol \Ti«h to dcuv Ihn it contjina the 
dai.'iii:',- fvideuceof Ina stiHt?" 


tbcr f.i 


aid she. " 
. Nons-htt 
iiir-, but t 
liat rciJ- 

Iho wife foUowea 
! a sirapletrm. I 

let'e see 

Tbe packaRO was h»otily broken open, and 

whut appoiiudat flrat b)'i?hto h" a strias of 
tuo hurari-d vf-r""-' t ■^■r ■? nviulteet, iLere 
WiS abaoiutfly v. ■'•■ '■'■ ' - 

'■leeeitaliL .. ■ ' !: --t with an im- 
met<-)v re!f:vt,; ■. . :ljo in»nn::cn^t 

to tail lilse Itad. ^- C. - . ■ ;:.-. as^ insc ad "f 
wnai.? lufe-ittter^. Ins od't be.=n niak.os 
ih^r; - .-, .Ill I nouldn't read odp of them tor 
iov ■ or LiO,' V, If tbey were nil I'-ddre^fed to my 
vvj^-. '-rii.-'d.-said b- 

\ed rcaiif,' 

::f. iri-ili>*d ODllst-lcuC 
J oirc. Vou bad belt 

"it is al'oul time for us lu oir 
break yourself o" tfce oii^u-'e of wriiins ouU 
verses, and whetner yon to-jtinuo to mu m ihid 
wav or uot, do not. wheo yon are a<;ain tru-d, 
conftsa to a which neiiher you or the lady 
6fer oozQinilted." 

of e Ci-cva..w. 

; eeaeou of I'CCI, the moat 
6lriKii)f;"a3d capuvatiuj; of th-i fair visi'.orij to 
tho city was a youn:; ladv fre lacDtlv eeen at Ibc 
Yarii^tres ihci":r<.., t'ue Open Oonsi and tlio ico 
frt:,.,, Kiio.^na Of Crnr.; f^" "t, r.ri.l v, bo, cl'iri-;- 

a well knon 
mo»t pvoinii 

eidcrinsthat Ibo day and aaother bridegroom 
hid actually 1'c-:d named. The fact upon which 
ho based his eiiientanons waa that the lady bad 
repeatclly assured Inm that 6h6 loved liiii and 
him only, and bad a^'oin and again R»sertod that 
the ceremony, in spite or tae emreatie^ and 
piepa-ationa of her family, would never take 

So much having f,cen given, it row remains 
to etate nbat actually occurred on the night of 
tbo wedding. The account which follows rests 
upon the details as siven by the lady's friends, 
and perDana in soiiui places, as pill IjO guessed, 
nonn ilic I'fttteis of the ladv. 

"J'be bride, accordinc; to ihia a'-court, appears 
to have believed to the last, that th3 ceremony 
would be roatponed by the direct iit'Tpositmn 
of her family, Slic was at tbat tiaio in the 
coiintrv, faoventv-five milea from tii.' cty, and 
I be rival, with whom she waa reilly in 1 ive, bad, 
thou.qh invited, yet tailed to arrive at the family 

A thonsand timea in the last day she deter- 
mined by positive atinouncement to break off 
t!iB marrisRe, but was overruled by h.'r fiienda. 
eiie is said to have once thrown bcrsfli at her 
mother's feet and bessed without eueet that 
thH marrraso mi^tit a' least bo po-sii jneil. 

Tn.- c-r/- Diiu.^ ^^,l^ fiicd for an c:;!-.- L,-rr en 

the bridal rob;.- p-.:rchr,.»-,l for u;f oeca.-.iou, 
arid resolved to appear io the presence of tbo 
ijjiuiater only to state btr objec'iona to the 
ceiemoay in "the most solf;mn manner. 

Upon being ltd to the pallor her asi'a-tion be- 
so great that restoratives had to be em- 
Her fDbsBciuent statemtnt waa that 
tio waa scareeiy conscloua of what she was 
doing when s^ie ttoo 1 before tbo niinisfer. 

IbebaDS were now rend for the last titne— 
th? attendant wUnetsea had been appealed to 
to show Ciuse, if aoy, shy the c^-remcnv should 
not take iJlace— 'i^f bri:ieKro-im bad re-Tonded, 
and it only rtm.m d lor the brile to do the 
sanio thing. 

it was precisely at this moment that the re- 
markable facts occurred th it would recai 
incredible it they had not been already pub- 
lished in the papers. Just as the orulo waa 
called upon to make a resi'Onse, the .i;ipiling 
fact W'.ia annouoced that the river had broken 
\li banks. It was at one of those points wbero 
Iho current pretsca with i s whole force against 
a hastilv construolcd Itvce, and before the tre- 
mendona force of ine great river, aituost the 
wbole of the newly built mound was siVniit eud- 

I ,i ; : 1 ,', tiio house waa filled with con- 

- , > ... ' :l sts were hurrying a-.vay, the 

: „•, and the bridegroom Wi3 en- 

.i ,..•■ ■ - •'■ i:, I'-i^ the minister to hf.sti-a tbo 

I •■. r.ij t:.ij,t remained to complete ttiO ccre- 


ui (he youn:? candidatfs for the 

■•pokn confi len'lv of hif) 
.: a;'.Jiir veiy tncou.rttgiii; 

: this jur.-ture that the rival, who had 
" n l-li m tbo cold, maJe bii ai.pear- 
ih» !!■"■ Ijiiitin:; bride was carried by 
■,. ■ It. ot clanger. Once bavicz her 

tivig arecurro 'O 

of tbo 

.;.•-. The resjlt 

r this 

ei-hb,)riDg m-.iii- 

ler ot 

vaa called into a 


rtitiouv actuiil'y 


-1 tici'iir. pneni;,'h 

. Onv> 

.' ;nut tiiocliiiii.rr 

of ac- 

;. , contrary, bowc 

VCT. it 

. . luiLinceoi tb^ 


CO, by inu ersjvasa 

i-rriipled in tlie by ths appc 
(' e i.'.iT's iriC'ii'T-, and, iu SDit-) ^r 



utr a>:., 



re 'nor 




liU» nnd^r tfce inflneiioe oriinnor, 
ro 1.13 E-tmo as eseurii v, or put 
1 turns nay, to the wuclo extent 
. fciijilly ttlter, tho piiocital 

ihts for etttl.-nieu! 





up for a Ota 

all Xi; 

jw no 

») Tbat 


a ver. 





WAS ! 


■ .[.■■■' 



the c 

tcviff," Pii-d tbo 
UI.HI. Tu« -.uo- 

.lp:^^■ 1,1 

ir? of 

. Armauide 
■ t':,- >■ :mmoD{i. Loc m listen 
:■:[ tuf reioft 01 iha Deputy 
lit 19 heard. 

1S6 (says tuospealrer) in which 
id mide'a f.ii tnnf. ,n the coti'^p- 

r •, I .1, the lover, wuo had 

I. . : I . .on with tha uiiCQOiid 

1 , ; r, L,;.- :, ,,^... iii^d upon the scene. 

■T :. 1 viiij uLiviousiy coujijletely under his 

' i.,:litJovi%Da'8t*th6r started from hnme 
^ eum of mouey i;; Ao rid leather 
; . .1,:^ i-:, :ir;d after irequeut i.oiat:ou3 en- 
ga;ri,'d about Diidn't;bt in dnDkiut; hot wbisky 
p !.i;!iES, and roliiu^ wiih all ha m t;ht at ttia 
rows of piDd iii a bjnlios ailc-y hscorains 
heated at tbi3 exer;;i=e, and remitcated to re- 
nened e.terti'DS by the app'anse o.? a number 
0.' roaihlockicf: Epeolatora, be took od" hia 
cr,at, cnDtaining bis m.Tn^y. He Hardly knew 
him^elt how Lo w.>3 coDVQied home except that 
it ivi.i in a c-irri.iriO ot eoms sort. It hardly 
r ' >-. ; .'• : •.,; before bo arrived there the 
,' ; tho poAet-book c^utiined 

' : i; diT;.MLin- of iijani.-.Ra and 

Wsre tulistautiaiod by 

•lO P:"or.^'v nhoal. 

old Armiliido. 



ivlio was lively 
^a had a.-i many 
r. At any rate 
e t.TO Of three 
.nge A! ey and 
J oa Old Leveo 

iher means failed, and deter- 
i-sec-jion at all hazards, si'.o went 
;,! Lcr iilber arrt = U-,l, uDflcr & 

m .1-- 
that .- 
was 1 1 

■ u 8lal<;J, hi 
day,) upou iti- 
uo 'lopa'rcd ic 
uiinstd hiui^cl 

he left his frienJ? he retireJ to odp ot the old 
three-slorv buii(Jm'-;« wbioii be hart ones called 
bis own. What ho d.d alterwarJs vds Dtver 
knoren, except from coojecture- Hia dcid body 
was louud the following' day, bloated aud ewol- 
ku, in one of the r; moteat rooms of the o!d un- 
fnrniehed honae, and !elt but lutlo doubt that 
t'.io old man c.ime to Li< d':ath from poisoD, ad- 
miuistered by bi3 o«a liaiid. 

TbouRh Joviasa's Jncnc's were very much 
divJJcd aa to tUe aaouut of guilt for >vhich 
sbo i^aa leapoDsible iiudcr the circoRistaueES, 
each a deaih must bave b:jen a dreadiul shoeli 
to & youns girl, wbi-th^T inQOoent or guilty, 
with any prcteusioa to ieelinq;. It afl'.ioted htr, 
however, in mora wa; s than one. Iba old 
mau'd eatate «a3 i;ow discovered to be of an 
undubslaatial, ^iaiuiiary ctaracter, totally 
eaten up with debt, in case his lawsuit was not 
Rained. That wag the lirst discovery. Thonext 
fact that was duccvered was that Joviria, de- 
eorteJ by tae man that bad rr jriiised lo many 
her, in iha same way that she bcrselt hid be- 
tiajed hc-r father, Kaa in every aenaa a ruiLed 

Ihua betraved by her friends, and abandosed 
t'j Heaven and men, the poor girl appears not 
to have made one a'.iigle otru;!? e. tihe lived 
«IoDg, DO one, not even the admmiaciator of the 
e'tatf, t'jew bo.7 or cared to .njuire— in oce of 
tJ:e Old ou' houses or si'.aniiea which appeared 
to have remained lo Let unt.l the day of her 

lo retain now to the enmniona of the Deputy 
Sheritl. It was to appear and anareer in ihe old 
and now snccesofal sujta brought by her father 
that her name was now called in conrt, and it 
was while the Deputy Sheriff was exerciainR hia 
Bttjitorian limga, that the above story waa told. 
But the only answer, howcVer, to the crier's 
voi.'o, was the note.i of a tolhng beii and the 
pas.sin? of a funeral cortege. 

joviana had Dcen anmmoned a'ready by 
hifiber meaaengers, and had paaaed into the 
preaonco of the dread tribunal from which there 
i E CO appeal. 

TIT-Tte KIn~ of Ucrbrices. 

We have friind whom we ehal'call Asmodens, 
who u.eeta with eurpaaairg alvcntures. He ia 
never either any better pifased than in relating 
them — where he iioda a lis ener. He canditiy 
admita that he haa met viith extraordinary tuc- 
cesa— that ha ia a man de bonnes ferinm-^, that 
ia as dangeroua as the hero who was pointed 
out to be ehunned by watchfnl mammaa to iheir 
daiij^htora and who dpf opuiated the atrceta 
upcu which he lived thiongU the jealousy of 

It was .1 night or two 8?o, at the opera, con- 
Ct tt or ahow of some kind, that some one ad- 
driasPd an iniiuiry to Asnioueua. between the 
' 1 referinca to au innivi^?uil who eat near: 

"Who," said tri. 
who ia dreaa 'J i;' 
liiie a prize h^h f 

"That ia tli? 
Baw hia opiiortuD 
of his hind 10 
etherial creature 
b^iind with the 
while lillets. KIh. 
v.'-uid have f;.-, 

the pentlemaa 
I'lt Vila looks 
■- ains .'" 
.-rnoJena, who 
. '! a movement 
■ I'lthor of tho 
nhoje head i3 
d the blue and 

1 boxing in too course of his travels in hia yonlh. 
I " He i.ia never outgrown hia fondLeas tor the 
I art. A Toun:; man, for iDatance, would ccme to 
vi=it hi3"daa;:iht> r. Ilia crael bocpitaiitv would 
; make hi!.i suppoae the visit intended for him- 
i self. He would force the tajhful yculh to drinls- 
\ ing more than he was accustomed to in the tirat 
: place, and ia the second, to trying oa the muf- 
I lies or boitng glove*, bc'cre bem^ableto oh. 
i tain a si.ijfct of the diULjhter For a timid and 
weak-kneed young man in such a caae, there 
1 was no mere chance than for a blind dog in a 
meat hnuie. 

" I became infatuated once mjaelf, but was as 
much Burprised aa the gne^'a of Amictis were 
at beingcompelled to engage in auch an encoun- 
ter. Bat ujiluckier than l^olhu, this King of 
Eerbricea had it all his own way. He knocked 
me about BitikBsIy without moving out of bis 
tracks, l^rst in one way and then id another— 
againat llie-^vad. over the piano etotd and rock- 
iu« chair, and once in the lap of beauty heraeif. 
If the lait lall had not awakened other ideas I 
should have brdaa-knuckled her papa if it had 
beeo the Jafct ofiioial act ot my iife." 
"And 33 it was?" 

"As it waa, he left me where I had fell. Tho 
I tbonght of eloping at once with tho daughter, 
I and of escaping tne danger of being murdered 
I mvefl', orof committing the crime, suggested 
a nobler amoition. The daagliter would readily 
I have cons-. 'jted ; for tnoush. as I have elated, 
Bhe had dead loada of sui'ors, they stood o'J at 
a respectful distance, smiling and timid, like a 
I dog whose eara vou have pm.-had or tail 
j maahed, looting wiatlul and wuuag, but afraid 
I again to come too near." 
"And the elopement?" 

"We would have eloped to a dead certainty, 
I had it not bten for a Blight accident. Jlvimmo- 
j lata at times visited at the houae of the family 
I with whom 1 had been staying, and, upon tho 
' evening iu t;uestion, instead of being at home to 
I proti!; oy her company, I had been enticed to a 
• eoiree wbtro the mistress of the houao was as 
I cruel as the a'crcmentioned papa ; that ia, she 
was a very eflective djueer, ai;d she made ma 
dance wah her, under p' etence of arauaing me, 
I almost evfctv oaltz or galop. It was after mid- 
night when I reached home, my uight-kev had 
been left in m-y room, and my head ewimmin™ 
fiom the ejil-cts of the dancing and of petroleum 
chanipsECC. I waa locked our. 

"Howtier, my room waa upon the g:illery, 
and the appearance of a colored waiter whom I 
knew and'who happened at the moment ti be 
parsing, eupgeated the idea of making him 
climb to tho gallery above, obtaining tho key 
from my loom mantel-pitcs, and of throwiLg i'. 
down. ".',0 sooner waa tha idea formed t tan it 
waa e:itctited. In the twiakiing of a bedpost 
he waa m the room— not that I had pointed 
out— but tho ona nest to it. 

"In a momcct moro ho had t'rr.ek a lii,-ht, 
and a leuiaiue voi ■>■ ..:. i, I u '. -■ ; - 

there, mar.iei, watL-'!. , , ' <: i 

;ed cri--a th a \. „; ; . :. . .^ > .. :;.:,,?,■ 
tow to ma'.iB. Tho tr.;^ I.. .:. , ..1.;:.: a., ■..•at 
had been preveDle '< bv tho iiuiadatiou of 
Iha street Irom returning homo, had L.M.-n aa- 
bellea, and signed tbia loom and jnat beioro retiring had 
by Iba br-en rea'Ung of the Kersteincr outragj on the 
Centilly l:oad. At sicht cf my rue8?'^ng«r bhe 
she has dono ' put the worst possible couatrnetioa upon bis 
! presence, »nd the shrieks had been tho conae- 
rtalirly looks good ' qnence. tetn awaVened ten eciiiarca oC— bad como 
cp— ruv ruo=cOLi,u'rr mado Lig e--t'ape— but bo did 
not I, IdO. t.'io stair got abrotd. 

"I aiUaipioJ, nhen I could, to explain tha 
Efiair. It -.v.i^ no u=e. 8ba did not believo my 
Btory in tbe first p'ice, «nd ber oiiiv acsnsr wjs 
that'a 3vuin wbo would eend a n?;;io blundoring 
Ebead in tlir.t way Tiaa a iiatursl born fool — 
Trae absob.itoiv crazv, and 6ii no: di ii:rve " 

The ri-nis of tbe cuitaia cui ebor: tbo test 
of tbu r.ariaiivo. 

Journals, ftmnter a little ttuM 
streets, and nuT^y to drop in : 
not Ettetdirir' tbe Inncbe^ or 
blag.B to wtiich Ihey b&i been 
Lnfotlnn;Ucij 0E9 nucUo-i 
quaintancea to wbom it i-* e 
to speob. ion receive, ce-i ' 
tr. dactioDs. Tbei=a acqun : 
not, care notVin;; for tbe f 

:u p; 

water, an 

i tame of iheao jou are, psihaps, 
coKatiii.v cnrva;;li to jie!^. 

If ?o:;rcvil j^crjicshas bctipyedTonin'o Bnoh 
« party, F-! JilMly a^ not you will tiavc no ottier 
ocoiiiiaiion tbiin to visit n)0?t of tbe prominent 
coffeehouses, and icstjtute comparieone between 
tbe Tariuus TCKOtablo and ftrnionted juices. 
Your p2rlvw!llat. firat comnieacd wanaerin^ 
about trcin colt'cetiouse to coTierhouae in a pur- 
posc'.ess Eort of w.iy ; abippius about ''»re and 
ther-;, bu! as tho hocr 2dTances, and non- 

ctslrait p.ormnada or paunttr to aeaume more 
r.nd niit'.- (if a /iR223 tendency, each eiloon IB 
taken ii;to its riL,-";.ir order. 

One enob ciliW'! on tijf- (Sunday in qaejtionbe- 
como ar'.i-isinf;. It co;:ei.-.tfd of a prosperous 
party. v.;.o b=en luck-y in bis speculations, 
andf.bowaa pood naiuied enough to assume 
the rolo of bo:jt. Its tivo ctker srril.ins com- 
poment parts weic a elun yonn;' ni3n of a com- 
pliiUfntary turn and of a d.s.ia.i! vr.3 of voice, 
and, eeo,>adiy, a good journeyman drinker, with 

• area face End s tendency to" \iev,- things in an 
i awkward or unfavorable "light. 

( Tiie drinkins etage of the prooeedines was at 

■ length timpiirariiy ended by tin mvltalmn to 

■ dinner, r.hiib adr.iilted of f< ''. ■ i : ■ ^1 iiian 

protestations about tclu-uy I .■ r ibo 

Blim yoiin:; man, and r, . . ; ing 

a bore fr.'ia the redfacedgcL il;-;. ■, ti-o luvita- 
tion was accepted. 

Tberciipcu ilio party passed fcebind one ot 
those rose^'ood or labosny d0ijr« whose handlo 
was silver and v.lioee Riasa-liiibts Wcro lined 
with debc ■! ' . i r^r' i " '■■.•. 

A d-'cjL'' .: ; .1 •■. ■; Ic, nrejented 

by this (■ t' tbe cam- 

panv, ?i ! 1 ; I'.r ( , , baviiii; been 

• dsciilf.'l 1 ; , : ■' I'l .L„ o; Lbe piittv took 
tbe.!ij,> ;: . : I ', : 't. 

cover mere merits than auyone elaa. while tha 

rcd-ta.ced gentleman who contradicted him 

point for point, was the only one who 

could discover any delects. In the tone of tiie addressing i;amlct,the picture was^poken 

cf 83 the slow Rrowlli of years, and soinctbinK 

niut'.ered in too low a tone to bo heard about 

li^iit iind fcb%de— njt7./:o-tin'8, cbiaro obiruro, 

elb e;»,f to. Tbeied-farpd KCDtleman. ho never, 

took a reiilistio vie^ ol nhat everybody else was 

ready to pronounco an oil pamtinsr, and it was 

nothing but a d— d thread and needle picture, 

which every girl thit went to a fancy school 

linriv bow to malie, and IsneiV nothing else. 

licforo t'lS red-faced ,",00 tlenian could finieli 

I bis cjiplanalion, he w.-s in'r,:duced to tbo bidy 

I of tbe hon^a as tho antborot tbe pictnioia 

ques.ion, and, as a tun .TDle puDiehcoeni, re- 

qaejied to lead ber in to dinner. \Vhat fo ! iwed 

at table none of the p.irty hive since teea &ble 

i to rrmernber more than vaguely, but thcie was 

j no doubt aboat Its being an awkward Ihe 

I hostess was ansry, tbe guests thick-tocHued, 

and, besides thtaa rlrawbacks, the embarrassed 

h^i-t had to keep the dismal young man 

I a::d tbe red-faced gentleman from perpetudly 

I kekicg horn.H. For in>'t»nce, when the Amphi- 

I Irion attempted to joke with the ,ady aaoat 

i bringing home nnexpectedlv so many gueeie, 

I tUii red-raced gmtloijiiD would insist thit "Vcu 

' are too rough with ber. epure : go eaey. You 

cin'c n aiie women understand a joke." While 

! tbe slim vonng man would i.renk toriii in a ee- 

( puleuril Toioa with sobjc pjciical tiuotation on 

' the virtues of thaoop'Si'- t^cA. 

: Tbo feast eudi d witbtju; ttie host having to 

I turn bis party out of doors, bat it is not liliely 

' tb»-t tbo nes: ohiuch BEr\ice was deprived of its 

patnns, or thit the matron of tiio houen was 

imposed upon at the neit return of Sunaay. 

IX,— A story itljont a Processli^n. 

It eoractimes happens thot a reporter, withon 
; pretending to enjoy tha cor.tideuce of tha beau 
, ff.r, or t.) nave much tur.e to waste in cotubing 
i out tingled locks tor tncir bcD.°!it, hear, r.over- 
! thelf SB, an occasional morcesu oi goerii^ from 
I tins Ojaarter. Hem.iy, loriDstance, botr.iveiirj? 
in tho City car, be statea too near at tb, l.otel 
I table, or "perhaps waiting under a beauty-iaden 
j balcony lor a proc-essiou. However be may 
havo heard it, whether lu one of thsao ways, o"r 
1 b5 washing off the guilty inli stains and making 
j himself lock smart, ho is willing to make a.2i- 
j davit that tbe fnlloising story was heard : I'ur- 
thenuore that it was heatd from one of the 
prettiest pallets that e\er wore wbiro ivory 
comb in raven tresses, or that ever echoed tbe 
I walnut-shaped haels of ber bcttinea upon C.iiial 
street. The last fact it is necessary to state, in 
! order to understand what follows : 

'■A couple cf months ago there came to the 
• bcuae, at which i was e'aying, a young girl 
I troui up the coast who awaited tne ar'rival of her 
' father or mother to return bone, and who 
i meanwhile declined e-'eiiig any of the outside 
j world. To this there was oua exception. Her 
I pnrenta did not wtito to her, or eend her any 
; mnni-y necessary to defray her e:tuenses direct, 
but through the birmls or a confidentia.1 sgect. 
] It was, tberffore, EO'-es-'arv that sho should ees 
him in order to r.'i-eivc r.'nilaDces, other let- 
I tur.i and otb'.T u di/, -. u nonihome. 

■•Or cour? >. d that the young 

lady was ii. r , , . ■.' with tho young 

man ; and H,-.;; ■ ;:ii ■ :'t-r:;;al, instead of in- 
1. I J :v, 1 i.'iuin boiiie, s-lo had ih reality but 

■ ■ "ibo tira " 

i . ;:ai loirnfd 

buu vwis coiicctneJ, eb^ 

• reniaiDed a' 


■n-mt ofl and got 

Icli her, lam 



'■bhe was 

in a 

wore a little 


To keep i-r.!i 


ticn tossf , • 

never dcrc- ^ 

felt very torr 

enougti to 111 

-- "it.6 tirct 

;g, with no money sBci no re- 

jouDS Dion, in fact, I when it le ime known a ranmctc wonld be ap. 

Dd, was vicrae, ceseaiv, the price of i^hich vroiild alone bo cqni: 
totb'f" a good dinner. The r^rty etUl O.e- 
citled on going. 

The rcet.-inrant was found vitb eotnediilicuUr. 
and llif' landlord efcnifd tmbTrrasted. IJ£ 
neveitbi'ess welcomed bis gacsts to bis t.-t' 
roorj, Lis billarJ e:i!oon and pistol gallerT. 
Tbc l;qih!r n-.-is trlerni'Ie, and Ibd runs at bil- 
liarJ^.d-' an bad; stiii the lanJI:rd'a barkecret 

f by tliis time, end we 
mill eomrait suicide. 
s-r.e bfc;:,an to 
- 1 me upon one occa- 
. !..; a bric-eiel. I had 
, u tort b. fore, but I 

rl ai.d I was goose 

eeenie:; ■ 

to try. 

and bsr, 

> was to a pasn- 

monev t 

trea, to whom I 

restive n 

;ioiaTit tbiU tte M-itors "irere giutts, 
illiards and pi-:ol gallc-y cost more 
an the carrin^es. The gneata preiT 
d lecilleetcd ibat their object in com- 
nncr. The latter at l^ng'h wa=i an- 

. One wi:h 
ed bimeelf a 


0, aud'that 
the fact 5V 

ba had do 

ra^i cottiDg to do ttit to cnr; 
of the enterprise, whoso nti 
lir.n bad involved the eatini? of 
• ', and a pR.--at,'a of arrii 

, „ tbo 

.11 ii^iicL' to blame, 
hat spirits and 

: Ircd tnta ta-fi 
: ve that he Kuu 

■ r.o worse than t 

■.-;a- I torto^ bijstif iu' 

An acT.taiiitanco o? ours is a rr.^ym.-:' of i 
rsDnt-dtloL). Wc can tall; ubou' di.'uors fn.i; 
tiineof H.'i, v.i :.;.,.-. . u , :,? ■. il-J.r. 

Ecc'crsriry to 
He st;-.oeedei 

if as recently bc- 
OLi .1 ^uit for in- 

to be one ol his 

01.-1 cbronicl- rs of ecaniTal. 1'lis balllo of New 
Orlcacs foun.l him a r;Ti;ici3D in on-, r.f ibi'com- 
Ijiijies tbat went fpjin the city, an^l t'jo adveu- 
ti:r'/U5 Aniliony i.lo';tt;tc:; nn'Jccstcod hmv to 
ruake as mu'^h oiH of l.i? tiploiisasif ho lia<i 
bfClj tbe '-IiramuvT T'.L.. oTtli jna-:;i''',^Di o^j': " 
himself. Sliis r:.'-: , ^. £■ :• i•^'" I ■ can:e, 
Efler tbe battle, t :,,]•. lln 

f.-;, TTboh'-i; ^r 

dyiiig about tbiu t-.i>;^-, . - , .-n, ';:: . : -"H-ftd 
oi a coniideiabic iti;i;cc', AlUjouv l.'st. no 
lime !D croEsinff tba F.>.ie,s, en. I ensi.t touie 
time »t tiie Collfg« of Henry IV. Ho bad the 
tepatatioa of beiDS one of the hiadaomest mfn 
of b!s dav, and not overscrnpuloaa with one box 
or the oliier. Mhat^iih hi3 money, hie goofl 
looks, and his iinb:'ind»d clieei:, the advcntinea 
of Gil lilaa werenotli'ii^ to hi?. A diK-heas bt- 
cams; dcsporitely ec iir.cred of him, and Anthony 
despairing of laakiaK EiiiopeaTS b3li.:>ve that 
Americans were po stupid ?.a to baveno nobility, 
determined to adopt a title for himself. 'Ihe 
" Marquis ot Earatana " waa the name ho then 
escceBsSally went by, noli in an rvii hour ho 
pave a countr\niaii ui-> colJ shi 
title was piibUCiy ti 
own invention. 

Oho t:^t 1 r-^'^' r- ^: I f liy^nfnree in F.nrone 
was in eonneition with i-ic ti lebtated divorce 
esse of George IV., broi.Tbt E gainst Qus:n 
Csroline for adul'er/, a:.d m «lucb Anth'.ny 
Tiaa entatQoned an u wnuess. I'.nmor bad it 
that v,i:;l.' the wa< tir'" travel'nq; i'lc-.i)!"!' in 
ItalT, 6he met up witu the fascinating An- 
thony, and made him much happier tlian her 
liu^Laud. Uowever this may be, Anthony 
was njE introduced u^on the Vand; scd an- 
other rumor had it ttiat ilO.GuO were patd to 
buy hiia oft'. 

Coming to thia oonntr^, or rs'her to Mexico, 
be ne:it bocameinvolved iu eima i Iriauo tl'Cre, 
which c used bim to rticive notice to c;nit. 
Hi8 iotrieua with the Jlesican I'lr-opatra anpears 
to have dampened the ardor of Anthnnv in this 
direcliOD. He found biiwnvbacl; toXowOr- 
ieana, andin tbe leia rpn:aniic role of aucinn- 
cer ooutri?ed to rc-eain e'.ine o' the money ho 
tad Eo readily spent iu lii-^ younger days. 

The war found him eo violent a Coidedrrnte 
th»tno!biDg but the arrival of Gon. liiuler in 
the city could indu'.-e bim to become a good 
Union citizen. Eat the strong patriotism he 
alwayg manifested on th? ocfa?i'.u of c ?ry 
eleciiOQ WdH iDauiVicietji; to?cv-ure him anvodie-j, 
and it 13 said that hn rii-gtst at tbe iagraritiide 
ot re publics was what; brought on hid lirst 
ahcnaiion of mind. 

It was about a vear &so tint, finding his 
health filling, he b:t;o'c l.iairelt to r«ii-, and 

of tU .» . ■ 

■ ■ ■ . -'u' in 

BUChc.'., : ;,^ ;.. .■-: '. 

inside tb.d iM,.!itp.'iji .\i::h 

',:-, SGl^i In-k'ovor- 

took him. His niirae m:-< 

a h-.mslLc:: and, 

and tbe Mar.iiiis, Jro~i j. 

r;.t;iuae, or perhaps 

from infr.t::M oo i"-,- ti-e 

,d.-, (epoken of aa 

am^Mb'-, r-■'.^ --U-c' ■ d 

- r-y,1 'oro'^ght her 

tnnrpiisnn'ea by the bfat, ar.d topire^tly ready, 
to judge from the relaxed eiprcii.en u. more 
than oue. to drop for lire into t^e arnis of any 
moderately amiable youth, w.^o ha 1 ;ne anima- 
tion or euorgv to prjpoae. Bo lo:- z 33 the ther- 
morarter continues lo stand v;"aere i: does, it 
would be impossible lor any inamoritt to make 
I much r.'Eiatrrcc. 

! The moonbsht, indeed, vpsa n r-rvacative of 
! sentiment, that even eieaa;;',*', ta.Ser? ot ooli- 
I tica, and of the price of cotton cr ;tc cka, more 
than once forgot their cue, and tcmed an ap- 
proving glaoce heavenwar'l. I: sr:?g68ted a 
story that Wis told, and the saristaction 
tbe listener has irhere tbe n^rra-oris long 
winded, ii that he may repeat the CMrative to 
other snti'trers. 

It wia e; a yontb, who W3?. sinetimes, good- 
natured m tbe die'position of Ida money, and 
who once, vihen a poor neighbor lc<;t; her child, 
contributed cce-baif of tt-e moaey needed to. 
ward purchasing a coftiD. He did more— he rode 
to theeemeterv inaoirrisce, a'ld Prcvidecce,a3 
if to reward him lor bis ge.odness of heart, 
placed biir. as -u .s n-'-is of avry pretiv fellow- 
monroer. Tne acinaintanee sub.=iementlyripen- 
ed into an in'imaoy, but about this our hero 
acted badiv. Another expedition wij soon -.fter- 
ward made, hut this time it wa=i to a restairant, 
and on arriving there the ^ffitr took i-tich a 
tarntnat scqnamtance. f. iandahip and m.imaoy 
all ended bolireen tho two. 

The coiip'e end not bspnen togsf her 'or a Ions 
time afterwards, and when ibe.v did tbeyonng 
nan was out of bD"in.=?B and empioymeut, and 
bid a rather hungry cast of connrena-ce. Hia 
appearance was so bnggestive that it lei to ex- 
planation, and tbe resnit ot ie was a naive ten- 
der of one of those diminut ve iiocket books 
which the other eex carry— a pecerons ofTar 
which of course was declined. The poodneaa 
of heart, however, which sog?ee:fd tbe offer, 
made a lifetime impresaion— sng:es'5d remorse 
and reform, and an hone.>t proposal Active 
emplovmsnt fjr the young c;an soon followed, 
s^fl last night, for angbt thit is kr;OWT to the 
coutrarv, the two lovers wore in comrLOO, per- 
I haps, with liundrela of ooTplf s all over tie city, 
indulging in e-.veet unison mall manner of happy 
dieams tor the tuture. 

XIII— An Impiom^atn Tieadlnc 

At the party given bv Madame X . a ntim- 

ber of young people of eecial teuineramenta 
were ae'aerabled logelber, and tho misTess of 
the mansion was the gayest ot her gnc-sts. The 
affair, altogether, was like an ordinary gay 
party, and the ooly thing wend reaiarkicg up- 
on the o:easiDn waa a full grotvn doll, which 
could bo seen fri/m the piiucipa! ei)o:n, and 
whien in dress and general a'-'peirince bore a 
1 rjsemblanoa to ttie bospitabla boaters. 
I Iu fact it w.^s taken lor a living peraonage by 
! a Toiing mnn whoise eight, ei'her tbrongh 
j lif/ T ' t ' . : ' causes, wis weak— whti 
v.i , , ' - ' become tho viciim of lovo at 
(^ I \ V, mo abs'-dately insiated, too, 

i up II 1 ■ ■ I. ' ,naintci3 with tbe ur k:iO?,"n. 

foro it could b» c:.i.DSiiii:h.od ane was i 

riflced— it 

remecy flu 

tboici^ • . . ■> . ■: uncd r.r.t. 

At tL ■' to continue tlie jo!:o any 

furtl:.r ■ ^ LrMe (lidro; a;.[.,';vr any 

moroc::-'! " '■ I .i.^.and ti ok It foi srpn'cd 
that tbo binT'pr" ca vroind EOOD tl.sooier the 
jest. But l!'9 mo. ,.irp afer u l-ecamo evi'lent 
to ber muici Ihst no fiplauaticu im.l been Uiads 
wbatcTtir. Indeed, tbe jouhk bri'lefrrooni, is 
epDeared, had been escorted to wbat wio pointed 
out to bim as tbe bridal chamber, and confirat- 
ulated upon bia coid fortune ; ttiCD, too, it was 
Bhoren tnat be bad lc!t the bnn?o id awaywhicb 
indicated I'lf-'bt eoraeiime during the night. 

Bat, nhat'adGf d to tbe tuviterj tsrs, that the 
doll bad Oiajpi-osrei from the rooa id which it 
had been Ic ti, ar.d re piired sfiGie 6»ir<-h to dis- 
cover It. ato £;".air, sitopetbtr, ended eo dr.d!, 
and the yeunc: bcttfas was eoumcb e>:asperated 
at tba ioipertuierce of poidb ot licr «nc.-t3, that 
much Icsa Tfas eaid about it t'nau niiqht have 
been expected, bv one of the principal parties 
to the joke. Tba aSair, besidt?, ltd to a wild 
rumor tLat tbe bridegreom bad bcon marrieo to 
one of tbe fid -jiown wax tigurcj coniinouly ex- 
posed in mill.nere' windows. At am' rat?, if the 
delailB appear a l-ttle mt3ddy or ditficu". to be 
tinderetood. ic wa^ OfiioK to the (act. tbaj tbe 
bridegroom' has not smca sppenie', to the 
ridicnlona 1 er-.erdon and criiirnstioa oi' «hat 
would othtrwue liaTe Dcen a vers" nice iol.e, and 
not to any laisititemenis of our leliable in- 

Xrr-A<Jven{nre» on the Xlaht of tbe Riot. 

It has occaeioced Eomo eurpnse among 
Emith's fnfr.-'i, who bare always known him 
lor a qniet citi7cn, to learn that lie vaa recpniiy 
mixed up in tbu riots, and tbnt ho plaved, at 
the lime m qn^siicn, an nahBually lively ro'e. 
To see a qu;ci-iooI>iDg, slow, pcking phi- 
losopber, rri.cuiEg tbroosh tbo city lilie 
a wehr ^oir, or liUe a Malay rniiDincr a 
mncli, is a fact that reqnires Eonie explanation, 
and Smith h.i; bindiy lurnisbed cs «;tu a narra- 
tive of biii covcnmrie. On ilio evening 
in ouestioa, be t>33 the victim cf two 
or fbiee EJ^iiK.ird blntders. In the first 
place, a tiai; had fa.steiied, as a jolie, 
a Kadioal badge to hia coat collar, and 
be had paraf'ed ibrongh town in bappy uncon- 
BCiou8ne83 cf ihe (act. S-cmdly, ai it one 

being teazed abotit being a Iladical, ibe'brisht 
idea had occurred to hira of aononncin;]^ himselt 
a recent convert to carpet-bae principl'ps and of 
detendins evf ty act of pettv hrcsny, vrhoieiala 
ewindling, rape, ii:nrdc-r. etc., tbac any cf the 
followers of tua; laiti: bad been giiiUy of. 'i hird- 
Jy, about the time tbo riot bad comtaouced 
eomebody bad nii.staktn bim for "iVickmVo, Con- 
way, or feme of ibuc croRd. All of ibsse facts 
crowding ratbfr fj-t ur. n t'.e l.reiti uf eacji 
otbor, and tii^ : ' .. ;' ,■ r i i : i . . ;. .• 
jutt at tba'. I . ' 1 

hiineelf fnitoi; • ., ; , :, i ^ , 

I His adventorsB, however, were not yft cnlod. 
I On b a way back horuu he wsB fired at, b" says, 
I a half a a'ozen tinies trotn colored cluba and 
I crt:. o-bc^a-ee, and onco while endeavoring to 
I fc-cr-tc bimeelf behind a corner, narrowly ea- 
; ca; ed bfiTig arrested en a eb>rge of atti 

i the 

?e. To conclude Smith's 


nt of bia 
these trii 
ly locked i 

nd tribulatioua, h 3 t.aj 
y tbo Coroner as beinj 
tbo Soiitb who had lakcn part in orxj of th» 
huirders up town, and who bad tired at th» 
crf.v.-d frcm a pallery. 

^;c,ith caiild be perhaps induced to cotne down 
in HOiiv? cf hia etatements, imt there is no dout)t 
tbai ihingB were maoomijonimonly liTolj about 
him on the night in queaiion. 

JCT— The VonUou Dnnco, 

About the commencement of the last fa=ihi( 
3le eeaccn, a young girl t'f about twenty ye 

to the city and cecared a reeirtcnoS 
at ciie o! liie best known of oiu up-towu board- 
itg tcbo.jis. She came, at tbe time of hor arri- 
val, irom one of tbo pdiisbea up the coasti 
wbitbfir 6b6 had been to visit some of ber near- 
est relitivee. At the time cj her arriral it was 
SDLOunced that slic was en her way to tbe resi- 
dence of her guardian in Mi.-^eieeippi, (hor pi- 
lents, s'.fo of that Siate. beiEg dead,) and tuat 
in hia bouse she wouid luako her perniniient 

Once established comrorfs.blv in tbo larja 
bojrdiD,;-sobool above referred to, it carao to 
to resiarkad that ono week after another passed 
assy, and etill the young larty mada no mova 
toward starting home. This event, however, 
did not excite much attention. It had now been 
ascertained that her lather while alive had been 
a nbycician (by birth an Italian; of oonsideraWe 
ec'itr.'i'ic attainmems, and tal spent most of 
las lime in ciassifyins the ytrioua genera and 
fcpecics of iDe:cts and rcoliim to be lonnd in 
the cio.uh. In assisting bim to classiiy bin epe- 
cimjES and arranging bis cssss. bis daughter 
had shown extraoroinary aptitude, and had 
even acquired soma of the learned doctor's 
looclce?" forioascta, ►«.!;., and various cpecea 
of fcrrents. Ic was even whispered tba: she 
liad acquired from her father a knowledge cf 
the power of taming serTiente, and had paid 
much attention to the Afr.can etiperstitions of 
the servants by whom f-he was snrroiinderl. By 
one c; ib-.^ie, an old nurse, the wa.5 attended oa 
her visit to the city. 

it was also alleged that the vouns K'-r''' reli- 
tivca and friends, at tbo death ot htr parents, 
bad Mewed wi'h disgust what appeared to be 
ber gr. vi:ng tastee in tijis direc;iJD, and T^ith 
Ibis feelinLT were not eorrv to eee her csts'o- 
li^rbedat a fa.-hionabie school where aba eould 
o.-"upy ber time in litersty pursuits, or in re- 
ceiving cjmpanv. as might euit her dinior^.tion. 

I'linn!; tae two or three ::r;t nioaths of ber 

the first pit: 

easpccted of 

^\ith such f 

c '■■"iiLg iiiiTLU LO;.-, t.c i: nick 
Iiupjiine, Vil'cre, a: d thence to 
roeis, and was there lucky oi^ojija 

reepor.pibilitv iraa tb? eon of ber Ruaraigo, Him 
ii woa nteessary to rfcjive as tbe aKsnt of her 
famii/. As all of b' r Itl^sis, ifmiitaDces scd 
information from nor^e a^-v.e throaeh hia bauJe, 
it was uecessary to 6ts b'.m fii. laeully. 

Of course it eocm triiii=iMred thit the yonnc; 
pirl was violemly iu lm« Kitli the factor. It 
cauia to be Buspec.ed tbnl to f;ir Iroai bci;.s 
upon h.-v vrav to return to ber fricoda tba', she 
bad ■( io ted tho city with tbe esiJi^ss pnrposa oJ 
gaiuins Ilia lovo. 

It lartbermore wag msde eTidfn!; tbsit her 
powers ot faecinati.jn ntro at an at)SoUito dis- 
count la this quarter, teat ttm L,-emiem3n waR 
s.lreaclr t>ij;aged to aaolhcr laJy, acd that tiie 
marrisse nas shortly to be ccnarimmated. 

Duritif; tbe months tbat these facte n'jTo 
slowly beioi? broacht to bsbt, she had nicstiy 
occupied herself with tlie ettidies ptopcr 
to a yonng lady v;ho3e education is 
nearly completed, tL-^u?h still paymR mticli 
more attention to uatuxal historv than to 
any other bran-h. It ivis suIv-l ;ut-ii'.Iv 
male: ; - ■:• yr ■ V '■_ ^\- li, " -.]■''. r - - : ! 
pcbMe i .:,■■,", .:•.;■':' 

niplit : ; ! 

the c: ■ • .■■....:. 

of a£Feeting events by spells and charms, doubt- 

Her poster was j'.reatly disputed at one time 
by a rival who had the enterprise to send to 
Ainca for a largo doll-iike idol, and which, when 
ojcssed and bLdevilled with bead?, tattoo mirLs 
atifl all nia'itirT of Congo to^'gery, produced a 
tremendona luipression among tho cicdnlous. 
It resardea by -Marie as such n. d-iD^erous 

-u_ l.dO 

jr bioi 

with tho vsri.;;.-_ 

.-ir.cnaa!.-;, for- 

lBne-;elleTs c; t 

h even th^it stiH 

darker and ir.O'- 

-; of preteuiera 

T-rao claim to u- 

to-.; I 

iO fvtiure by onr 

wist. 03 and pis: 


Thus much tt 


'it remain 

s now to be ds- 

scribed \\hit oj 


edou the 

ni^ht 01 thalirat 


Thoi:r = tor .T 


a? i- ^:nn,^ 

n to old gos'ips, 

ietOL hi . : V 

-ted by the Vou- 

dOU Vn . . : 

;ni-.n of their 

most t . , 

^ iieriod ther re- 

tirst, t. ! , 

-'. ic, l,.ra;;:^ 

eupicrs sTiu i: 

, ' -.! t : , :' -1 


practiced with 

Any Oiie who i. 

i .- : . ;■..'. : 

do to by prcc. 

;, .: -L. ; L ;■ ;;.. 

rontch-n-lriiia I 


I'l'C a"l 

£C'> aj d:-n tlie 

road on the right 

h«nd tide 

of tao track for 


Tho great Yo 

■.don e-v-,.jtot 

Mondw ^wa'! fuo 

crowning or a l 

brated Mar.e 1 

sixty or eeicrji 

hardly be p^; I 

This much etatru, wa return to the night of 
tbe anaitersary. 

At Ua: iir^iB ilie. event bid boonriie l:Don-c to 

1 - • , V '.5, a:jil wKh c.e or i?:0 who 

%,.. ■ ■ to the manor born. Iheee 

\ ■ 1 dressed elaboratelt, some of 

.L : I .: : L.numo, and With kq otraor- 

d.L-ry ;,;_.; .o the fiaeness and pnnty of 
tujir nndi.-clothiiig and linen. At cna end of 
the chapel a cotp-e was exposed. 

Theruej baymg commenced, an eM9tly tnr- 
biinil ferjale, dri-a^d m jollow n:d red, as- 
c- ,' i .:.-:•■. ,■ : .; i;..' .: : '. J. wild sort 
, ■ ■ .. ■.■:.•. :.■ ! cpt, up an 

■•,.;, ^ ■ J .:nj a 
..:.,. ..,...,.; ,1 .... .. . . ■ !.-:. At the 

c.'i'e.e,"\vLal-"gr:L^i'LuJlymJr;a^!i „ th^ tirio. As 
tho mottoa ga'ned in intensity tno i'o;i:r3 and 
other ornatuenti diiappeired from tlicir hair, 
a:.d iheir dre33e3 were lorn c, on, a-" t.> .h oua 
. . '. Uer=eli lise a bL.. ■■; :. . Tv/oae 




the oneroui au:.^= ..; < .j c,..j. .'..; ^.:. . ..: 
the.<53 foUo^ere of the feuib i.i;th ara in rt.ili:y 
nothing bat worshipers of Venus ot .\.5tftfe, 
that iij to eav, of yo'uth SL.d b.:au!7. they natu- 
rally tv. ai-;.jn,L: Ibe drst i.j grow laipii'.ieL^t of 
old f , ,-, i - ' .:i jlarie. in soita of the 
dre?, J i , :i ; ': : is rcgardeJ, finds it 

,'s bJid with 

bj the ti30 and groTth 
-la amoru' cur colo:\.(l, 
-a p'.puUtioiis, though 

i:..:. .. ij- the Circle, in t, .: ^ 
o.L.oJ a- baabet V7ith a doj.u L 
v.hoaa heads >T'-re projectiug tr 
each covjbante tou.Jhed the ssrpe 
Lcr brand. ,. , ., , 

In th • u.'dct t. 11-. 't Eiiuriiiha of witrhca, the 
- r ,. -. I ; • . I . : .;.:.,iry d,iac.,' and revel 
'; :...,. -. feet, ar-.u costumed 

,,.. : , ' , . ^,;'3 hold a torch, and 

V,'.: . : .1 -;■.'.■-:, h»ad'=d the baud. 

tbi- . 

0., : . 'r. V .. '^-. iiina"nco ani power 

h:..\ I . ,1 .', .. !.,'.-. liuealtoa for tlie hut 

t'.vft,; , >, ,, :, rs 1.) have betja crigically 
ai.'.i.^.' ..;.J ::!!..i..- M^rvani, liii-nutoftll the 
Ola [.ill]. i-itio:i. .-c 1 at o-'.'j ti:'io in greiit request 
in dn;^ ti-.o b„vi.ea oc thc' ij.' -id. It was iratu 
this c"--oa,iation tba; her I'.-etc-usiona to bo the 
priesiccs of a iclib'ioa. tud tJ have tho power 

auy other s'.uv. Boo hid b;ea !::..u3 a Cirty to 
vltmoniacal rites, whose only oJl'ost had beeu to 
Eubrert her rcasoa. 


A Romance of the Last Days of the War, 


T)n>^'ag then^'iita vrbich wasdestinPfl toproTo 
tit lant of tUt' Confcfltrftte war, a coiipio of oiJ 
6cldier?, at Tctersburg, obtained r.Q invalid 
fuikmsh to Ro South. Tbc-y wi!i IJputo in thia 
DarratiTO by iLe names of Vftiee.ljar.uey unci 

Coreeiy ha^i been Ihe cook of his njossraiid 
was a nfftn of Renins. He liowever i;now but 
lu:le of il'e arr cf couvereationorof f-ocietv, and 
conlcl not nnoer.'^taijcl a juke. 

Vi beelhann'T waa of an orergrcwn bniia, 
with a fipure too corpulent lor a solrtier, \in'. with 
a certain I'priLf.-ncsa of s'oi.i ann i-.i'U -vv-s of 
diepojitiou nbiL^h coimtera,;ted the tiltCtj of bis 
extraordinary p'O'^tn. 

Vpon the ni^lit that tbo furlongbB Vfere 
brra:fibt into caa^p, tljrn- dave'ra ions liad been 
issucJ. and in ho.-ior of the event ir.iat of ihfcse 
vttro c.->nsamed at gdpoer. VS'b:!! tbty did not 
eat that night, Ci^is'Iy the nest morni'iif: fried. 

Vy'bi'.e the latter waa ah-ierbcd and r-aJe 
Cloonjy by (bis last occupation. Wbeelbii' ney 
bad ciin;i f'-I ibi- 1 rfa-tsiuik:', end was iNDving 



" Wr- arc to i:- abstnt for at lea--; i uontb," 
said TVhce hauney. "It would, tberefoio, be 
lackincr lu nolneness at leavint; not to wave oar 
friends eome sort of an adieu." 

"JJon'l do that," cried Cotp.ely, the biavist, 
bnt most superslitious man m camp. "You 
bave been nnder lire every day for six months, 
and have not yet lost vour liio. Tut it did not 
belonji lo you. (ben. and it did not mnoh mat- 
ter wlip bur 50U !csl It or not. Cut vou are 
frye LOft- for a linlc Mbile— 1 would not expose 

L- to 

1 e 

00 ud c 


■0 shot 

r hville 

IT ^1 


v&i; TO 


eive me.' 

ill W 




th hia trt 




Tie PA'ii 

e w 

id. theut 

llOrt to 



vinf; pi 


bis breaiifaat 




the WST, 






and wi 

!i ' r paea ovtr the road tied 
nd that farlouubevi foUiers, 
ry C5:ieencv. were expfcl.Tj to 
liles imerveniD? between the 

:i{ tlie ticket does not jire^tly 
.'(■UiBDney. whose 'remondoiia 
aver:o to o\er luligus. "We 

Approachfng; then a car window, at which sst 
a soldier, who was already inaidn, and who ira.(i 
been detailed to go to Kichmond, V.'heelba^jney 
besgi-d tbo momentary loan of his pajaport. 
'J'be request, aftereome hfs:tation, was granted. 
Wuh tbu V.'bcelbatineypassfd the eentinel, and 
the moment after banded tbroush the window 
the paper to Corelev. The latter having enter- 
ed, tbo document was restored to Us owner, and 
the two adveiiiurers now to look arouud 
and observe the inniatta of ibo ear. 

Sbortiy af'cr a ladv, jouns; lucidDs; and nn-. 
attendtd, entered. I'he teats weie nearly all 
taken, stkI tbi; was ccmpelled to occnpy ono 
npon the cppo:<it3 eide to our two travelers. 
This sea', m c imnion with the one \i2-a-vizing 
it, had been already partially covered wiih 
ehRwIi! and bundles. ThootvD.?rs ottbeae latte- 
arciclcs were two ladies who K<^rs (doubtless 
comptllcd cy the exigencies of war) traveling 

" I Pbonld p»y that the eldeel of (bone two 
already Ejated 11 the mother sod the other the 
dsui^h'Cr." eaid Wbeelhannrv, who was now 
oinsoly str!i''yiB<; tbe silnatioi ; "but wbo do 
you tHke the new cornier to be?" 

"S!ic look? piqu.'.nt and intrll'.jcnt. and not 
at all at a lo-'!, in tpite of ber youth, in takinj; 
care o( bcis. If." 

" rb.i one yon call the mother apoears to be 
an invalid," (mid Wbeelhanney " Judsing.frctn 
her sickly appearance, it will not be a' great 
wbilo belore she travels Ihe I'ms journey, yhe 
will never again see I'etersburj,'." 

The train Btarled, and ^bcn the conductor 
came round to examine tiok--.;t6, VTheelhanucy 
renjarl.fd (hat all three of the travelern were 
bcnnd South. 

" Wo mu-t get acjnaintedwith them at once," 
said Wbeelhai.nev. 

Cor^'Ply ebrusKed his ehouldcre. Still his eye 
linaered as he Rianced to th>i onporite eide at 
the young girl spoken of as the diuahter. 


t, a3if di^in'OT thoir thon-hta, 
turned tovvtiida WbeeUiannev, 
lieensi then common euon.^b 
of both ee-jes, addressed bim a 

amo'iK t 

"Are von fdmiliar at all with P.ichmond? 
she said. 

" I have bad occasion to go (here a good m 

ly say tl-al 1 

been placed 

iDfedhr.rfllvfcll jon that the citv is eo o^ 
pipJ Mat ttu. work will b:' one of dii''J.-nlty." 

.Th._. :..■« of ,.,e 8peHl.-r I: a .hMU it an air of 
piqua'rjv-^.ir: si'r or ehrc!>clL-.-c'~ ;uiJ uf experi- 
eLce, v,,,ri o'jt uhiL-h aripii.!, .| tbat anyrema'k 
madd woiiki bij c DStrued i;i the moat amiable 

" Mic!aro8, if that ia the right title— " 

" Yon maj call me n:aflainf." 

"1 Kas proreeilios- to tell yon tbat I bad an 
ci«llf Df bcardingbouse tlie last tiire I rf mailed 
in tlie city. But tbis, upoD tc^rwi tboiisht. 1 
rom^mbtr, was lo-t io cnn-f i" uce of the ae- 
peieiOD" cf iiiterfi-tfrd ?'anricicid." 

■ And what were tucce V iiiijusred the lady 

^i h 

bt:D- fcy, 

them nith rni'rtt/'rep'icd Wheel- 
au air of difridecce. "I was ac- 
cvieed. Ill tlie firit tla.'i.', of eat ejj more than 
any two rnfu at the laLie. tjuch a charge at 
such a time was"— 

"A v,iry i;r&rS accusatioa," esid the lady. 
"And tbe others ?" 

"I was I oi i-,!«i with eoroc of the laiies at the 
same hnnsp. and atcong other", with rnr laLd- 
lord'6 diiigMers. Again ihe TictiOD of maiico. 
i'li'? married a new 

been f 

pi a 

resiment iu^i 

at'empt'iis to mveiRle ore o: the daughtera in 
the same sort of wediooE." 

"Yon were hadlj treated. Bui the codso- 

•The conpfqaencewae that the feelings of the 
fat' er v.-eio sronpod aRaicst me." 

"Did hfi do anyth'EK desp-^ratc ?" 

"DeridPdiy. The very next necli he doubled 
upon tne the rrac of board. But vcu, Jladame ; 
yonr face looKs laraihar— bare We not met be- 
fore '-" 

"PoseibJy. If yon are from the CreE.'^eDtCity 
yon mnt-t have seen me uton the tiostds of the 
Varieties and St. Charles before the war. I used 
to act sonhrettB p.irts." 

"Ent .\cn eeeni familiar with the a-my?" 

"Doriti? the exi-it^mcnt of the fu'st'year I 
enlistf d into a resiment as vivai:difcre. However, 
I snr,n diasOYcred my mistake— I diu not remain 

"Doubtloea, the dn'l routite of camp life 
mu'-t lave depreeeod the mtrcury ef your 


"Ye?, I ara too volatile. Ba 
in the enemy's conntry, nceide 

"An inten-Bling situation, i 

as left behind 
ibtedly," eaid 

f.Hct did not prevent me from makin;; 
■u ebciild have seen the miUni^r'a 

•re i Hid for me, alihwi-.tli T pave no 


l^nfort'i; ■: •■ .oy i I ,.,''...;, ,. i ^^ , ,,,. 
I obtaiL ■■ ■■.■.■ •■ . r.,- I .' 

iRPt iiij: ■ :■■■:■ , , ,' ' : ",v. ■[ 

iiowh'r' .'■■■; • -,>- .H.^-i.irctJ, ' 

and, <lu... I . i - ■, . ; ■' M -flf under I 
Btillfur.i,- : ' ■• ' , ',.,:. , ; 1,. his uni- 
form, ail- ■ i, ! : : ••• ,, ;f..^ a token. I 
foi-r.-.,,.' ■ , . ■ : .; ,.^. tL'o neivs. btill I 
I c'fJfl I : ; , .; tr,6 costume I had I 
left ill.: ■ i I.-- rank i:f a lieutenant , 
Slid p .- . : > : V .1 m male attire; imd I 
hiv^n? :. i I i;,; ..i-j to vrtar, th.3 I was com- i 
pellea to lio." 

" Yon ajinear to be as useful to ycnr f rienda as ! 
yon are i'an';croo8 Io vour enemies. Your tx- I 
perifnc- U ivorih hetetiit g to." | 

"Dii V--I11 k;'n» iliat ai'tr that I nne cr,mp"i- j 
mentt'd i'V ntita n-nc :i ('■>nin'i-^Ion aa PMt.-r^on i 
in the ermy? A fnetd w th a larte hoaeel-ave ; 
m« c!'«'iTC 01 it, and (iiirtict it iiito an bos- I 
pital. Ileucc^my coinmiraiou." I 

"And what was your snocees in the profession 
01 ,1 scu-aDins? '' 

" It re uires but little pkiU to potter away with 
din?f, and a good r'tal of careful nursing-. A 
ci'timni.itor ocuu^fd uie of prescribin;? remedies 
thnt tv'-re rot coiioti-raDeed by ibe text-hooks, 
and r,r fcrdingmy paiiects much oftener to the 
prave-TKr.l than baek to camp. 1 lost mr sitna- 
tion, but it did not or.ivent me from takiug per- 
Eonal satisfaction iiut of the slanderer." 

"Doubtless you felt like settling down by this 

"Vea, I wi-bed to do so. But soon after, I 
felt compelled to empty my revolver at eotne 
one else who had Roue etin fnrtlier and assailed 
my honor. I tried r<. ■ ;■. ; 'rjr.^irlod, bnt I 
have (By faults," sa- 1 i ' r, pensive- 

ly, "and 

stio life. 

In fact, my bnsbaoM' , 

gustingand QDeudnii! i •. [I .,•, 1., u snrpriaed 
into the indiscretion of forrbidint: him a week 
after be had led me to the altar Poor fellow- 
he died shortly after. It is upon his account 
you see ma dressed in the robe of mitigated 

'And what 

be the next of your ; 

'•1 am ordered to renort at Mobile. Yon esB 
I carrv my or trrg in tny belt. Eut what Sort of 
a house le this at which ton propose to stop?'' 

"It is bnt a little di.'tRoe^ jroiQ the. depot," 
said VYhepibacney, as ho led the wav frorn the 
cars -'Ttie porter t«i here and will" look after 
our bietraie. The distance, is so short that we 
can ea-ily walk there." 

" That -will be sn arivan'age, as it is now vety 
DCfir tue hour forsunpcr, and the train Eonth 
leaves at cine. ISat the house itself "— 

" Ite house itself i.s conducted on a war foot- 
ing. It i'l erowdel with every class of boarders 
—soldier?, byn aa clerks, milliners, artitts, ad- 
venttirers of one fsx and another. The bouse 
is fhared in a friendif cat-and-dog style, and 
every one does wbat is rieht in their own eyes.' 

IIl-A Halt. 

Wheelhannev, accoincanied hv his nesr ac- 
i]Driri'Lai::-e and Cors- ly. had by this time ar- 
nv;J at the boaiding-borse in question. The 
vivaudiere was introduced to the Isrdladv, 
a:}d the fact of the arrival was otherwise prb- 
c'aip.ied by an impatient su-sl. wbo threw open 
awir.dowin the directit c of the kitchen and 
thna fid " Snppor!" 

A supper fr.llo.ved, at wh'ch a large numbcrof 

afstsof hith =-^-; 

lesn Wiee!! =: : ■ 

ell known. -\ . ; > . -ration about army 

a'ters eii- i , : .i or forr of ths 

^■n Ir-hicn, ■. - , rroroed ov.t ivith 

on the stige. end !; 

for the iooliiag-gia 
bein;,- broken over I 

lown and to most of 

like much interest in the 

■iv.l." ^.iid ObTsely; "and, 

I ■ li Vi.iv and her daUL'h- 

t diy? i'oDder they 

vocnc: eirl, rrho looVc as if the bad been care- 
'n!lv raiecd. It mn.i-.t Ir.a a suock to her pnre 
soDlto liave to i'e tbrcwa in contact uith such 
a mixed croHiJ, -.ini to have to lietcn to such 
tiresTime stone;)." 

" for 1117 part, I om rerfectly willing; tlAt tho 
CT--vivdndier(> shall coctiDue talkius, as it ;■■:■.■ =1 
us anopportumtv to ket-o catiD;-all tho |.i- 

Asifn eQ-(j'cioLi tbat eucu v,vn v,i., ;,. 
iiey's purpose had entered the mind of tl;,. ; , 
be liere proposed dnnks— perbana liiiOui- 11 
cheaper to afford the liquors ibaii tho pro- 



' It is very 

.Id G.) 

trarsDorta'iou asd 

"l[r. Wheelhani. 
lbs wi.ioK.d vivab 

■pjo that we 
iv : " and ou 
oiisi^age most 


at Iba 

cr iiiaiinc- 

tctcd I 


5, starts 1 ofi' aioue to luako bis 
hour further Io?3 of lime, 
ilt-r tte tbte'i triTeiers all en- 
lor the South The last that 
Coutedfrate Oaoital, a soldier 
oioipwas amusiu": biai.-elf by 
etory tsiiidoff o( a.. 

by, but this trivial io- 
^tltiouely, as an omen 


cidcnt ad'ecf-d bim su 
cf coming disiaettr. 

TLo triive-iera ci)t.?rf d the traia. Wbeelban- 
ESJ liaTirR upon hi? aiLi the acquaintaucu of 
the dav btlorc, wa3 alloreed 10 enter the travel- 
ing cat' sot apart for ladies, after some pcr»u9- 
eion and eu'reatiea from the latter. It fared, 
hi. never, worse with corselv, who wa.-! con- 
dfmned to a car dimly liRbted, badlv venti- 
lated, acd where he wa; surronnded bT what 
appeared to hitn itio rudest and rou"hest uiea 

in tliearmv. 
While 1 ■ 

ittiuc in the dark, retlectinK 
ie travc-iins ajoouin^odattons, 
a respectable lookin? ci;i.^en approached tbe 
door witti n, lamern, and in luired if anvoot) was 
. soiog as fat as Georsii,. .V rouah voicfl ao- 
fw.;rcd '-lej," and demanded the resson for 

" )~.!:e,u-o," said fup citizen, •' there is a l.^dy 
111 ['■ \' 1,-j 1 1 ,^c);iij; South." 

■'An.l V 'u ivant pouebody to pilot her 
tbioj-ir.- ' m.|uit;ed the voice. "Isbhosood- 

^ 'JWlie is a very respectable middle-aged 
laa?.^ ansKered tbec^liztn. in a tone or rebuke. 
"Utlt, there's no nftd a talking, scrau'-'er if 
(■bf '.^ tot good-luokinj;. Old wo-nen are not 
V'.itb or transportation in these | 
liriiis, niid got no bci<in^s» Daudliag about I 
ironi one e'.d of thecountty to the oiber." 

(; her-, moved with pitc, iotsrpr.sed. 
aoM liHoUerof ajcistasce was thankfully ac- 
ne followed bi^ guide into the ladies' car, 

I capital T-as to place her dit^ghlfr in & place o£ 

Corsi-ly now glanced at thelatier and conid 
I not help rcniarlving that youn? girl was of naivo 

cev. ,_. M.J fEn.inr. He bad, liosv-ver, butliitlo 

'-•'■' . -iraition 9Dd cons. f|iiiiently con- 

"■ith tnaliing hims.jif usetiilin a 

.h his good nature eugErested, 

■ , J, '' ' ' ■: :; to thecouversatiou of tbeothers 

! Ko>biiig"fiirtber occurred during the first 
hftv miles of their ron'e. Dot this d.sfanco 
[ gone over (be traui came to t. river— a bridga 
was found to be down. The passengers had to 
cross III ferrvboa'.":, the baggage to be unloaded 
.nnd eiir'nntendcd, and it was with the utmost 
dil.'icultly that he succeeded in getting the 
trunl.B and their owners on board l).i>ore tho d.^- 
pnrtiire rf the train. As it was. the cars eu-l- 
denly started without warning, and Corsely was 
almost Iff' behind with the daughter. 

At Charlottesville, tt'o good natured Corsely 
bad to It-main up half the niKiu in trvin^ to 
keep together the baggage nf his h'elpTess 
Charge: acd in subseouontlj finding out to what 
hotel thPir owners bad gore. To crown hi^ 
go"d a-.ts be had pprnt a con.-iderable portion 
of bis slender funds in having the bae^^ue re- 
moved l-y porters, and was aferwards too 
modes' to mnbe any ailiision to tho fnct. Ho 
eueceeded with somewhat tb" same trouble in 
getting b;e parly upon the train at the proper 
time tlie nest dav. 

With Wheilhannov, meanwhile, it had hem 
difierent. The ex-virjndeire was in excellent 
condition, an"i bad an endless tbtme to talk of 
in her own adven'nres. Wbeelbannv, too, had 
about bim an unfailing fund of animal spirits, 
and a vcico and lungs which cnuld be heard 
aoove the pnfting of tho en»ice— a valnablc 
quality with a talker on tho r„rs. Fie hnd, too, 
a remar'hable faculty of m?.' .. : ; n :;i:;:r. 
on crowds qu'ckly:tbe i^ 1 .-.i^.'.r^ 

wanted to ait near him dur'ij. • •■ . • i r-n 

the train stopped, they gti' - . y .'o, -ibis 

' '" ■ " '' " '"vr-lers had esr-:.ped iiiiv delavs 
J' • i condition of the couutrv, and 

I"".; ' M'ed etate of th-e care and 

,'■■"■■■■ '1. :.::er from either source had 

hiMvevor b --n .postponed— not avoided. 

IV— A ari~lit to be EcmcnitiPi.e<l. 

Tt ws:. "'"T'M'iidcigbt on the third night after 

their imiri .. v w:,s 
waa bitter cold, ae.l v 
ring sensation was '• 
rlT their feet, the ;•,: 
an »tta'-V bid been ins 
Th6uat.t.'erwa3 eooi 
fected onlv the manb 
this was of- so tenons , 

i.'if.i-. There wcro ln.t few chairs, K,,rl 
■ s wero mostiv compelled to siturin 
.■■ ur.od, boxes, aril, even ii:>'.n itin ;:< .-.,- 
A iirge nre was c. L''ceS;Mv, fro:n 'J> ; 

I ; ■■ UuiO as they best 
T ■■ . tli'> windows eboifr-rt 

V . _. , ; ,:o.r. „,,t of (lOOl.S, ,115(1 

M, ". ■ .. : ^ M I'l".'.- fire, t&ken fiom 

■. -■■:■■• . : ' K.. i i'or the erpinos. 

, ■ -'PD ODfi so'dier 

:i - ' _■ • Ir^itru snord ; at 

i :, , '.hj ;. - . ' rnaDJTOd into a 

detected in iiti.^p.!ine, ivith tho la&h ; 
iTr every face was spread that ^roaried 
ion which indicated that life was a 

, : i; n ehPcrfal teni- 
V, uti him vihrn 

l.Oi, was ETOOd- 

i.e service of the 

■■'.^■r. d- 

-^ ti.=;ib8>f of it, and 

-u hev Ptmit cavalier 

-'. Taidcrthecjjcnto- 

r . v;,i3 hardly a privi- 

i. , 1 now eiicciimbed 

. -ihauatioD, and 

:r, .\t)5H-er to t!io 

.. <ompaDion. 111? 

r,.. ,;ie..t«al pn-d. A 

r i:i'.L-c(l from a I>n = ket, 

tp .-;-.l.[Dit to baviuj his 

the ladt 

If tlT 

had all' 

t.i . itia.nncy 

iu'iiooi-d heicre r,;i adiuiiinR auditn.-.-^. 
iiitudf prt'Diptr him to show some 
• n. Tiut this sacriiicc ha was spared, 
-livandiere, upon resuming her seat, 
1)1 aticoled Ijy tho seneral dnlltieBS 
i> Hiinny was rash enouijh to Buppose it 
cct thing to do to place bia arm aioiind 
bt to keop her from falling. Unfortii- 
ihe (air 6leeper awolcs at ieoRth vrittj a 
d was «o fsr from feeling era'efiil (or 
Hhf "lift.! mn.i"i-.; WiiFehanney'a shoulder 

, :.., ■ -..t1 ear. Wheelhauncv, 

•';■!■■ ' :■. i,:v?kcninKtoaeocB60f 

1,, ■;. ; .: ;'; -c-'llo conffratnlate hiai- 

in jia-.-;nr.- Ian d no woroe, and upon hav- 

ipeci tbo uunibhmEnt which bad befallen 


F^ene in thin cae.i thns momentarily 


■:; Mir, nnforlutiate 

' '■ rtaken to pio- 
' ;'in toaasnmo 

a t'ra.';,. 

.-.-verity of the 

iVf.iinc had px- 

C"eil' ; ■ 


Ooi. :■ . 

.. c.mUl remove 

tber. ■. . 

1 .iwlackofacconi- 


;u tilt- <; -■., .. 

;.. ..bndtoon ex. 

baiistcd 1 


i-ih. Hersitnatiou 

now becfi 


.■ Coraelywilh-reat 

tronblp e 

cceeded in obtau 

iiiiT for the invivlid 

K bed. ! 

i- philHr'hr'v." 1 

i.'iii.tea him toen- 

deav:,, ! 

■■'■'] ;ii! .^ . ■•■■ ■ . 

; ;o dispatch tl^e 

fT-Vl . ■' 

, ■ 1 ■ ■ 

nr the danK'hter. 

Jini M 

■ !o roadotoen- 

U will be ft pity to have to leave her to aio 
here alone " 

In this fituation, he waa not enrprieed to- 
watd daslisht at hein? bep^ed to erpear at 
the poor'wotnan'a bedeide. He risbtlysuesaed 
that it WU9 to listen to some dyios renaest. 

A.8 he entered the rude chatnber, faintly il- 
lnn.inat.=d by tallow candles, and vrhich pints 
of wind thrnuph the broken panes of plass 
vsro momentarily threitenioc to eitincaiah, 
Corsely could not help entcrtainiiifr a eeutiment 
of sincere comiiaesion. It was some moments 
after be entered before tho conld ppeak sntB- 
riently loud tor him to hear; and the iinmi- 
nrpce of death lent her words additional force 
and solemnity, 

"Kind fnend." she eaid slowlv and falter- 
incly, "I am approaching the end of my jour- 

Corselv endeavored to [murmur eome words 
of conaolation and hone. 

"Formyeelf," she resumed, "I havo no re- 
prets. 1 had at most but a few weelvs to live. 
My poor daueh'er, Hanie! I had lioped to se- 
cure for her A safe home before my death." 

Corsely wasenfliciently affected to endeavor 
the second time to infuse some hooe into the 
mind of tho dvint,- niottier: he, bo,vtvcr, saw 
!iim^. if tliat death .■■•,;•; ,,,;: ;„ d.;'. ,.<-. 

111'-'. 1 lusb too iLtt y.-ii ■■• „'u.d ■.■■.■^i ..„. ,,. l^- 
tend yonrpity to rjiiiio after my death. I wi»h 
that ebe should proceed with you to-morrow and 
be placed at the end of her jonrnev under the 
care of her friends. I have confiil'incs iti her. 
1 do not believe that yon would wront: her if 
yon conld. Assiet me then, in permadint- her 
to leave with vou to-motrow morninp." 

"And leave you here, to die alone I That would 
be shocking." 

"I shall die more happily at knowing that 
she IS on ber way to her friends," 

Obeerving that opnopi'jon only wasted her 
etrcngtb. and not kaosvicg wbat further answer 
to make, Corselv enrnrnoned the daughter. 

" I shall not bo sufiicientlv well to-morrow, 
Dauie," the mother aaid to her, " to proceed 
npoc my journey. Bnt it will be absolutely ne- 
cessary that one of us should go. I have, there- 
fore, arranged that you travel without me. 
This gentleman will continue to assist you tmtiJ 
yon are under the care of your friends." 

" LJut, mother, I cannot think of leaving yoo, 
when your health is so feeble. You cannot 
mean it." 

" It is for your good, as well as mine, that I 
beg this. 1 am too weak to say more." 

"Ask me anytbiuf; but that," f.aid the poor 
girl, her voice drowned in sobs. "I ehould never 
cease having regrete, were I to leave jou to die 
among strangers." 

It soon became obvoua to the mother than all 
further words would be ueolesg ; or. perhaps, 
from eTihausMon, tbo invalid ceaacd her etiorts, 
From that moment, however, her strength com- 
menced raoidlv to fail. Corselv thought the 
the mother now wi-liod to die as s-oon aa pne- 
Fiblo, dooming a further prolongation of bur life 
asworeo tban useless. 

The daughter and Coreely remained bv the 
bediido as tbo onlv watchers. Bv the first streak 
of davlight the viiiil snarl; had tied. 

He had at IJrst reluctantly made up hia mind 
to leave the poor girl behind, uoon the depart- 
ure of the train; hut hia generosity prtvailed, 
and, as he soon Oieoovered, coat him notb'n:! — 
that i« to tav, the accident was not repaired tt-e 
next day in tiioo to enable tho train to continuo 

wss on the train, had given i- tiolast ritea of 
A -v STew Hole. 

Coree'.y IvkI h-^c-a bnr liftls in female soci- 
H'Mn ^"h ' ^'"...P'-e.tDt eilnaiion not a 

tl'.B !nnn. "7'<"'' "^'""eir 'iuj"Ilv to CODaole 

tL.6T0DD£j.L-irl fiT the lo>fl of ber n.nther and 
n^ea lo tbo best of liis Dnwer Ih-. c-.|,i.sMon=. of 
Bjmpathv wbich mitigate, if they do do- banJsb 

'i'he<MroV.,-!!((-oiiverattionofWhnr:ha tiOYand 
tDe ex-Tivan.liere. ac^i th« »b«nrd Mf.jati-nsboth 



cnntribnted nol a littls"to'"d^ 

r'-h ; n; h '•' ^ •'"' '^^'" "'3''""-'?. at which the 
hro »n n ' ^'-;"^'-<:',l to tho ou-3. atrank 

?raph?. lovf- 
othpr inter.- 
amrns the fa 
from hitn. Ii 
ani3 ^arumari: 
folrti^r-. but 
to be'rav w; 


't'rrt;, rio 

l'f'2 fOU'. 

>i5f9 and 

■'. ', BO iiB H<.sRr;cn, I, Pen stolen 
is^nnc tbf- tbi^r had b^encanebt 
' t.oil' <v:th b7 an sncrv crowd of 
1 ■• ^'laci'u'lv to is t.i can-.j hitn 
U had bicom'i pf tho valuable 

"v fb 

irs w«<re ;d tuoti 
HH baadi fall w;th a i 

w^7 at one tiir,. ofjpn 
. or poDir.-ili,-' 1,;,,, 

I CDjy ^n^ci at him fixodly, and did nol rrov* 
' Mippo.-<e," said she, " .Ton ware, Mr. CorsB. 
Iv o„ j„„, fle^.i, t,^jj_ „p^ j^^^ ^ near la tv re- 

I r, '^?,„ J'!"''"*!' °''- -'^'^IT^'ise farther Ton ' 
nien.i-cr who at leobt prnmieed to act to- 

^oth^^h^t^^inny'^'^^v:^^' ??:«'•; 

TOiU(,e, be trtattti b.s'cLnrp., in such iv ^vav 
Of ^11 .■^r^"^, ?f°"° L' -"""'. i^ad to forfeit tLat 
ot aU »tio nushfceee hfr? " 

hi'^f ■■!'°."''' '^""^ ","' K^iiHeraan tvcuM show 
n'if-^" £ Creat rascal," psid Corsely, TTitb eim- 
£p,nT,- ^"'-^"^ P^'derfianding clearlv her 
meanini^, or reraoviiiE; Lis arm. 

bn?lir-?7?n» ^? 't!'" ''''?r"°'- "'''" "«' Position, 
'"'>?n"^^'"°",A' ,!"-! with humid eyes, 
sairi r«7r"i'] '^'k"" ^"" '''°"''^ °°™ wnr ann," 
hisdtilLss ' ''^''°""°S ^li»"e impati.:i;tit 

yon say. If I understand, jon now no lunr-o^ 

frirn.l '."'' ^°"''' '"'^ =" ^"'"8 "^mong ^ew 

'Mi.i, tbcyTrillbe strangers to me. Thiscon- 

.-..u uitl -t.rr.i luo MiO kT.iS fDCOtl- 

Nfuieor or tUR s'nve foo bot or ro!a. Oaoe with 

nn i fi f ,.,^* ""l""' ^^"^ Wheelhanney. bent 
,°nt-f ' ^"'■'^"' P':,""'S- fit tbo child's head 
ever hnt^^rT,- ^he cbiM bnabed more than 
ever, but so did n..t. tie mother. Tb.= experi- 
^JnL\.\''^ K'i°i''-i '^,'"<'"ut from f.bat had been 
hot,, ehe wonld-Eot, aoparentlv, have leen any 
??"',';■,, '*'"^\' f'"'' «Eow appeared that the 
of thonpt,,' '„'r ''^^'"•^°?°''«°»^'' '" »'lo«- 
tha* facfi.ira-°/ ''"'Ol^f-and m consequence of 
iDa. fact charcoal Tvoiild ecarcelv have made 
n^J'i^"^^^" "-"'"'' '^'^ '''f^Dt- H'^'' i\-hPR han- 
ney kept from fainting at the lonl; which the 
mother Rave hin, has never been KnoVn. '" ""^ 
(ravV^'Vtinfh'r . '''?'^'\ ^"'^ "■« ^'^^^^"« h'^'^ 

'n-i tJ'^ ""■ *""' 8P"'nc "P in Datjies hfart 
-fi'i '0 some oTtent occapied the mottier's pl.aee' 
ne^l'?n?^ previoud nij;ht that had bf-en 

for ere 




-h'^lonM^ had been «l,epi.,.' npon 
•tcdh.'r h"' ' ^ disarm too had eup- 
'r»*'i"^K^''' "'■"'■"■ '™' 'i'">i!t daTlich*. eleerdly 

irh t^,;^""^': ","■"' '■*'^'*'' "P''" '^"■'' f-«o. 

•i'.l ' ,','i '""•■'"'"^'"="let, andwbi.'bwas 
•' r.r,t ,'in,]...'',?,"i' ^° eipre.qai.nhe did 

^^'•^'"i-- is the ma'ter, Mias Danio?" ho in- 
emcmhcr ^tliat ray poor mother 
r'«-iu.- hi: iiuii.K.'loo stil: closer 

e?on^lntn"rr"LP'"'-> r.utyourofleri.-,,'e:.. 
°vn?^'^ ''^ a<^'^\,'o my other obligations." 
And you accept it, ?" " 

that 1 am afieotea by your tr^-ueroeity." 
can ,He' t';^,"„''°'' """ 8fo both eitnated, ^o 
can at le,.,t for once spe»l; franklv— diacu'a thn 
matter upon busiofss principles "" ' 

matterof fJ,^t ,„h"*? '"""^ °P°° *''« ''^^^'-'^ "? 
move vour a ^" "° '"''"'^^''s. JO"^ should re- 

^,^° ("'■' T,^'?!'^-'-''' ^^"^^ Proprres.^ed smo-ithly 
me, M,"ft 1 ■"'' ''?=''»mP?n Rbborbed foran.o- 
meiit lu thinking wnat would be the nezt best 

BU".'°-!iln^ ° '°^^'''' ""^' ^^ ^°^SOt the last 

'•Doti't you think yon rcipht lika ree?" hn at 

last propounded 33 an innn-rv ttiat mi.'ht I'-id 

ie^n'Jl'ieX'b't^'nr'^^*'"" '^'^ interrogatory had 
-i:^'vo;;?'i ^^:J?:^^^to !^^^.r^' "^'"^''' 

,^. ^ 7,'''|'l h-^e iiked ycu without vonr roo.I 
Hr .,_t!is, ig I think yon would baVe amused 
-nd ir.tfrested me. I should, however, have 
resi.-ti-d any impression yon nii^ht have mad" 
Jiroei^t cntnphmenb to von in that I tell to" loy 
imDref-^ions candidly, honestly, what we'do not 
o.tfn.ioamonffourscx, what we never do ei- 
rtl*^' I 1 ,"."^'''.,''"" ^^°^° dispositions Tve have 

•d n^^e 

Iredd r. but she I sf- 

■t any rate a compliment. 

■ to Dave felt wrouijed if toi 
:-^'i-".<. '.Viih so mnny jootlin; 

1 rr: I I, crowdin:; upon i:, 

' ; to sro'.iud a stil 

'" I' t us tals of lh( 

;■' ' L i.:,:)!h'ttlo of each 
bt b;^ LutU deceived in tht 

ivmdler, for au<;ht yon know ; 

afier all, in onlv 
3 du not nos e-to 
titin you--nU:c'u 
f-.vindler. Jint m 

liclnati.m won 


'■ Aud jou Ol: . I 
"And with '.< ^ 
" Voiir reaiiii 
e TCore tlit.u s 
icnils or ccnr r 
lUiarraseiDy'.y 8 
:ne of me. b' 
j;eltiDg Dianii 



Yon bad lif. 
TLtro id h 
ie, -r ll<i 1: 


lo=5 tL. Iiuow wIjsI will be- 
ii 18 a 8C-nons qncs'ioii, that 
I do not knovj- anj-thing of 
I ori! to3 poor — " 

rhaps, tbe most ef-oaib'e 

lirunairiitp; etillfor'the 
ibat wd will be in each 

has JDSt marched tbrou;^!) Ihia Sale, auJ tie 
only vay of B»ttiDS over tbe next thirtv-eis 
raiies is either ty ridia- in a caniage, or walk- 
iDg mon foot." . 

"In thit caec v,e cinst ridf-," eaic: rmie. 

of moory. Tho 
trv of bor^e^ ; ancl a 
friend, "who h^.n altfidv trsvfrsod tbe Pouth, 
Ba-»e that it will cost at Ifast iivo buDdred dol- 
lars a piei-e m paper raonev." ,,_■.,, 

Danierfr,iuinodfil?i.t, and. as the train bad 
now reached thofaton. Coreely vreiit forward 
to spcare aome coDYOVBTiee. 

"It will tal;o (ill of tlio monny Ibave to pet 
this poor L'irl to her friends," he reaBoned ; 
"8r;d after to-ipo-row I shall never seo her 
again. Still ehe must not be lef; here." 

VI.— A I'orced March. 

Corsi>lv, upon inqniry, found thst Ibe only 
conveyance to be obtaiLed was an old cart, ca- 
pable of holding twelve or fifteen pcrtou3. To 
this was attached three yoke of oxen. There 
tras Bcarce'y room for the ladies who were 
traveling, and n-ne tvhatpver for pr-ntleraen. 
r-y a diii'plav of the email amount of sold which 
be carried 'upon 'la p-r?on. Corscly eucceeded 
in obtaining a neat for Danie. 

The e-x-vivaniiicre. who appeared not to be 
lacking in reoonrces, wa^i eqiiallv f.rinnate. 

By the time the-e srranpfraeits wvre made it 
lad bccni'- dutk, and a s-iicbt dri^zlin;; rain 
added to tbe cl.-cniily nverhearl. stiil the 
cwntrv was in loo noscttled a condiii-in and 
the proiiiniiuiiv of Shernian's army too near for 
nny one to dieam of pause or reet upon this 
account. . , 

A ha't tool; place at an old nhnf.ation bonso 
for a half an hour, wh-io a lar-e I'lo v.;!-! Inn- 


'ion the back of ona of bis dxen, wia 

■ Iw rattle forward tbroush tho 

Hia chariot be guided by bi« 

■ -:-laRh. 

- . . -rv fort v.frs nF"tl by him. and 
. .!,i3 w;iv, \rT.,n,tr tT.-m one side of 
to tbe o'tiM". i; ■ V ;. CM' seemed in 

y, bank. ! . ■ ivl-ame to a 

deep fe!.-rsm, wbioh :■:! I' . ; :' • •.•]'_.> to croea by 
oettirjT jr the cart; I'ln p-itilv from tlio im- 
pa'iencecf theoxen partly tbr-nsh theinterfer- 
eoce of Ih^ ex-vivandieie. pnnlT from the care- 
Icesiie-i'f.r the driver, the had reached the 
oopcEite h:ink before ment-ou wjs made of the 
river to Whfelhanney and othets behind, it 
was, therefore, rot without some langhter from 
the parly upon one side— and, of curses, tipoo 
the other -that the eituatiou was realized. 
Wheelhanney arrived at the water's edse, 
mounted a ptump. ard instead of marchiiis 
tbroucrh, 6tood, with torch m hand, lookms 
wistfally across, and cuisicf; the driver as a 

d d 'o'd leather-!'. "'li 1 fool tor not giving 

bJm wsri'ing. Co^-e 'iv [,•,:' r. ..".Liled him to 
his situation by th ':■.;; :,: •-, shoulders : 

but an nnfortun:^-' ; niulaiream, 

v.hi'-'i se-,t bi'.l) ;i:ii':.-. pi: and 
r;! ;, ii ; .'. r ■. ttiT, oniv rr-!<!o the matter 
::-c9 more lou'l and furious. 
: > :iHe h's good hurnorat sub^^e- 
i. .. ,,;,,' tiiat the vivandicre had caused 

t';,o ,;i..i; ;,.; Rj through the tiver.v>-iiihoutBtop- 

Thc travelers marched along pcily ei!oai?h 
until midLiRht ; bat over tbe last twenty miles 
the rond was tbe deeppsi; tb.\t ever weighed 
down the feet of a soldier ; the crowd subsided 
into an almost unbroken siltnoe, and even the 
tories and adventures of VTbcelhanney were for 
once diseon'inued from piKe weariness and es- 
hanstion. , , 

One or »wo of the narty still carried torches, 
while the rest trudged on in siiPEce at their 
side. It l-~oked Picturesque enough to any one 
linsreriuKon brhmd to see these lignres toiliur» 
alonq by tbe ll.-.ming lisbts, but a headinni 
tumlile 'trom some steep and unexpected 
hink would soon warn the lageard of the dan- 
ger o( snch contemplations and incline him to 
keep to tbe bead. 

At last tbe ddvlight dawned— at last tbe ann 
rose midwsv in the heivens, the last river had 
he^n crossed the travelers bad put their ieet 
upon the irain. 

"\'II.— Arpatlen Ainho. 
A couple of hours later, the cars had entered the 
Macon depot. The lades bad been placed in an 
omnibu-i moring towards a hotel, and Wheelhin- 
uey,upon wboo) the wuole charge or the ex-vivan- 
dicr'e notr depended, was exasperated to the 
Uet degree bv being compelled to search for 
some of !ier boxes and bundles. " I am getting 
ra* her sick of ttiis," he said to Cortoly. "\\e 
. shall par: company to-morrow." 

At thi' iiO'el wnere the travelers flopped for 
tbe uii'iit, the vivandeire dressed lierself in 
what had 'leen once ono of her most effectivo 
stag" r.i>(nQjos— that is to say in a yellow robe, 
with a horJer of blue a toot wide, a crown or 
chaplet set with glass cubes, and with ear-nu-cs. 
j bi-.^fiit vii, etc.', upon a simil'-rlv gorgeous 

rlnv tosether, Mis^ Par 
T !p very nappy. Si.iilo 

a <le- 

bq! one morH day to remain to- 
Cnrs. Iv ta I)■^Die. '• Fortimp wjl! 
farli of 111 a k^reidiacopic sbake, 

so nnr rt f,'. r^i-it wavs." 

cii board and tue rest of 

" Xo ; T sr.i t'n,^ vi-::n) of an noeiaent— toy j 
trniil; i-i k I'L Lrlirvi.T. Ydii iiuversaw a mnnmore 
put out ill your li'u tban I am, "replied the trai- 

ons of tlof 

1 imper- 

-1 with vrliic 

1 women 

iinetprof v 

"S jniunCTt. 

we tbu? 

baited at a 

more inei'c 

ila? ■' 

PosBibiy," eai 

vpl to—: & di^tjBceof ", ffw a-;v,, be- 

asaio cbant:o cars. In fact," giiJ Cor- 

"ion I 

very pciiernnB, Sir. Cor.'-'ly— the 
luosr trcntrona Tian r h'.Td fver seen. Voa aja 
not somo lo lenve uio row I" 

Cors^lT. not h.?jDj at all nniek of invpntinn, 
did not know wbil to SIT. He ba-l irni^Dorta- 
tion oi.Iy in a certain diriction, and hcMtated to 
tell U^r thst ho no Inocer l>ad aiiv mo^cv. 

"Did you not l.fnr, Mr. Corsely ? \\ievon 

then so !?lai i 

I cet 


•'i 1...1 looped that TOT, TT 

ii'd pprb.iDabftTCil- 

liD'^," V.-i..Ml.,n.P^ a-.. 

■<rl, -bat UDfortu- 

natPlT th." triir/i, ii; i:. i, . 

• .i:ly. Goodbjo, 

madam— a pro-n ' >':- ^ '. 

AV)lIcy<itr, ,.. ■". ■ 

I-! wa«tbeonly 

an-iver tu thi- .-i-.t - , ^ 

. . . ! Dsrtiv to ee- 

raDeheio-ovrr^iiPlnji'i *-. 

'■ tartlvtopre- 

vent bfiineoarritd aivay, ',Vb 


junip'uc: ol>'. 

But it wafl Tint his de» 

?n to remain over 

a day, aKd Ir.ol.inE- on' 

tbeex-Viv.ird, .ed -,■-■, e 

M.,.i anottertr.!., 

.was startin;; nt n . - ,: . ■ . 

T' m the denof. 

She now r, a !;>. ._ - 

' :' he bad prc- 

Tions'y cb----: t! ' ^ l 

: i:i OB tbis., and 

npcn r' - I' .. ,- . .: . "Mv I'ld rueiitinri ro enter. 
"Jt VI • : . , : • ,■ , , ,0 tbe V,,>t (CoUirt.b:!?), 
wluT'i •• :; 1 iiwbich bp bsdolaccdbis 
uu^ii-, . , ' . ^ ■ r \,ouM ao bv ^tian'a, ana 
tvould i ■; <l, L ; .- : I'tLind hand a diy. The two 
trains were Bctoailv passinc: out tc.^pther. 

"And yon are really goins to leave me alono 
in Ibis ivay?" said the artislo. 

"Weehill met in the Heiven," aaid Wheel- 
baunoy nilli an air of grpat sorrow. 

"Ab, ti;-,:- -r. it shnllnntbr bo." 

The p.iri'liicttir. attracted bv ber manner, at 

" III- baa rolli'-d me, conductor," she shrieked 
in bi3 c:ir=. Arrest him— he id a epv and has no 

■WbcclLanneyat this momert glanced fbronah 
the car window acd siw tte truin containing 
Corecly ni>d P.-.nif in actual motion. The list 
that w^.s B"en of bim, he Wis ECru::;sIin2 with 
the condu., -tor and guard. 


r Ihc Ciirfaic 

"N\Mi?3 Danie, I (viis endeivorincr to re- 
L^cn-.ii' I TTliat vou have already told me." 

"That von do not love me," 

"Ilinor notbins of yon, except that vou are 
s, soldier too poor to tal;p care of me." 

"You are Pome dis'aiifo irom home, and yon 
are e'-rronuded wii h a thonpind danfjers. Meet 
my b!uid confidence lalf wst." 

"it is easy lo eay; but in wliat way?" 

^One sometimae rtraw.s blanks, Eomotimeii 
pri7C3— bapptiipss or misery." 

"And the inf-rpnce?" ' 

If you bad l;no<vQ from childhood the man 
you are to love, you would not be certain of your 

" Slill yon have cjt told me what you wish me 
to do " 

"If yoor cold iudsment ineiines vou acainot 
f'ivins mevour love, yon ou?ht sfj!!, situated 
as we all art, to takn a, little ri:-!;." 

" I agreo to be generous— to meet yon hall 

She took & little heart, that ebe bad been 
wravins a-s an oruanii-ut, from around bt-r ni'ek : 
"I eball bold this cbunu," efae said, "in one 
hand or the other. If von puess nnn ri"littv in 
wbicb It is conceiled." tho begirt and lian.l will 
both bo joarg. Is tba;. nupiin^ vou hi't w.^v?" 

Danio foi a moment held ber band behind 
her, Kpd called U' on rj'sclv to deriie. A? the 
latter now fjlanc-d at ber, ho saw that her lice, 
thoush naip, was re-oiiip. 

"Are yon then suf ei -titious ?'' 

"To soa>e extent. Ye?." 

"And jou are reeoKcdt" abide the test?" 

"It yc.i win I am at your di^p-^sil. if yen 
lojp jon 7:e,^d not aciin a-k. Cboo-^e.' 

'd the latter to Danie, as their 
, a-id left ■Wlieelliauaev behind, 

lof tellina him.-' 

? " said Panic. " Shall we boo 

' : I.-' 

eball FPo him no m 

.-.ndier- will bo his « 

\ i-i =ilii.-b the latter 

e, wa 

i'l nictioj. 

if your pt.\ did not i-n hv contraries." - 
C.iHHlvbil tbougbc be deteetcd temetbinK 

like a txint smi'.o ufdn the face of Jianie as be 


lie ther.-f.jro elf del, in a firm voice, to take 

A dijeo 

td the Leart. 

she eaia. 

in the train 

ilip marriage was v.n fdt accomplT. CotopIt^ 
o h.i'J been so Isn^ in the army that ha re'lt 
I unabttui 8S to wliatelso nas tobedon;-, eeak(J 
• - ■, .^ . ,. I tlieioniractwitbakias. aiidapcnproussoldier, 
i^as reL;ii:iied that sbe ] wlio baO a ranteen of whisk.'-, made tho occasion 
'l''^'^- ,, ^ I f'i" 'uoro hippyby c'evolinrjittodrinVms (most 

" ' ' ■ ■ ''-='' con- of u hmieolf) the ucalth of Ihe new coup;e. 

V*' V ''e"wrj"' ,"^'°''^ ''"■® ^^'^'5' '-'■is'>tened," said Oorsely, 

r, ;. , .^►,17,on of i ■'''"''S.e ot\-D nerrea were far from being steady, 

.nice; tbe ! , "1 t'^'^e Passed through so manv trouiilea and 
itanvmo- ! nRUReip." eaid Danie • - ■ - 

KG one was 

sny epcoitt. ( ... 

\___ ' ' -■ ~ ■ibatlebail end bYL_. 

mcDt, mil. no Lope of repair. In cato [be last I '"-"^^' ^"''prised at any Eilnation, If you should 
accident b^rpcaed, a lady who could not walk I provo to be a disd nbose name is stained \sith 
could nr.t continue her jciirner. Sitiiations in i ''ish""Or, I beUere I should Tat recover and sur- 
which erery one found tbetuselVes tl:rowucoalJ '*'"■'' 'lie blow." 
uot te disposed of by the two ord:Miry conyen- i ''And yon are not troubled as to our fulnre 

tlonal rnlea. 
• Tbna 
lOTt r^ 

p:rt t' 
bCfn '-■■ 

id-a 10 
put in E 

"and if 

to rac. 

"[ a; 


■md D'e 


upon the 

-ici anv caii-e to 
?ider the debt lei 
:cr free, 1 prom:: 

c yoQ in &d- 
the passen- 

\! approa: 
whi:'pcreu converf 
"Vrd. A Eimikr »l.iFptrinc took 
a h;r.)s?ir and several otbcr trav- 
y, tbe train stopped at b ivaterine 
there was a gathering aroand 

•■ '■ • • meaning of ill this?" 

■ J- :;j'r6d, m a low tone. 

V ith frray hair, you mnst 

- f :ijO,in who aj'Sis.ted at your 

OMi)f. llo has kiudlj consented 

ijUad ol awaitiDK our arrival at 

:r journey, and the other passeo- 

: ■ ■ s'Tf-rto this, she qnitely tool; from her 
I .' ' a key, and applied it to s little case that 
-ho h'.i t!,u» ffr carri.d in ber lap. Opening 
tbij, UiT.-'i iy was a>toDi-jHd to discover in it & 
co-i3i-i,ra'.le onantity of diamonds, car-ringe, 
atid ii lat.s.'f atcoQut oT rlh>r jewelry. 

'•You do rot sfera to be in anv creat danger 
of d^in? inunediately from want," said Corscly, 
a !it:|i) (rtirprised. 

"Ob U'\ my greatest valuables are sevn up 
in my dies.-. I ha^e a bill of ei^hanRO and 
en.UKh Coin to eervo us for the present— my 
pre&^^cB will not greatly embarraea you." 

" I'm vou left m« under the impression that 
youncnldbe dependent upon relations Tibom 
jou had never seen." 

•' I should ba-re undertheir care to some 
extent and control. But my mother, at her 
death, wjs on her way to resias upon aa estate 
Ebo owned in this portion of the South ; I snp- 
pose this will still remain to me as her onlvheir. 
If you are not ambitious we can live upon it 
Bnd be happy." 

Coisely ha'd been asloni-ibed befSre. At thus, 
disc>AtriDp that he need entertain no tests for 
the fa nre. his face fairly beamed. 

" I Hi Ml,'' said he, " ifs not so awkward apo-i- 
tion, r.fitr all, to he tbe husband of a pretty 
won-.-i, v.!i"ii yon have no fears for ratiDDS. 
"■ ! ' ' ' ii w well prepared you are to t.iko 
i^' "^oiild have perhaps found mea 

i oot have been on that account 
the T : ;.re d'^ncerou-i. Your prospect of winninf^ 
would Dot have been bri!li.\nt had you not beta 
ignorant, and (ruiy shewn yourself generous. 
You gave away what little you bad to help ma 
when you thought thcio would be norepsv- 
ici-" iio.-unieijt was wit- ; mt nl, and it shall not he mv fanlt if you do not 
I irain nas in motion, by find roe a loving friend in the itat cf onr iouc- 

" \ 

r,-. T 


. . . : 1 . . 


Tme to get ma 

rried. and 


whom 1 ntver saw nutil 

five .' 

ble : " 


ijvert-ation fo 

owed be- 


1 itcculdboe 

en that a 


nd pleas were 

made Ur6 

cf to 



A ro 

monementof the c 







an) tremhiia 

g, and 'a 




f cuD'Aoanc 
-, ; ■ ' il ntl 

e, Danie 
er ladies 

su.! 1 

.", ' ",' t,,r''co 


- b::> 

: ■!. . ' 

■u'. reqni- 


■- ■' , uom 

which to 


A trip across the Lslio to this cifr ia not en 
nnmitigsited evil in itseli. Tlio laat time I rnado 
it 1 had t.'io companv of '"r. Kockfellow tu eu- 
liven the voyaRe. Kockff II'^tt is an old friend o! 
mine; and thonsh lonj str^rated, one friendship 
suffered no diminution tLiuiisli the mjnnta of 

Kot much carins about politics, and indifferent 
SlS to th" Ftatfl of the country, wo spent our time 
inpoiirinrr oat euoh iibdtioria as the bar-room 
atTordrd, in smolaDsr cigara in sweet nnirsoc 
on the dt'-k, or in ciiiiiT np a thonsiuu huppy 
davs when war was not and a pood Havana icas, 
and when Bourbon and peauh had not as jec 
given place to nfle-oannon and tanalc-!eg. 

It 13 true our t>oat was not one of the best, and 
if Tou got out of the heat of the snn, yon got 
Into the heat of oneo' the steam-pipoe, and you 
couldn't get into either place without bain^r 
deafened by tbe noiae of its machinery. At 
night, too, Toa had to lay down on the deck, 
with the stare for your canony, a fceah breeze 
blowing in at one ear and tl.e steaia-pioe drip- 
ping leorous aistiUments imo the otiier. If 
yon roade your way info the cabin, it was over a 
pavement of prostrate lortns, and you were 
piursned by swarms of rootquitoes, whobovered 
aronna you like Ruardim f;c;el3, but who rono 
the lefo cirried on a cnernha warfare. Sleep, 
in short, was not in accorilauee with the times, 
and to we (ell to taiiiing cf the past. 

''You are not marned yet, Eockfellow?" 
With an 0!d friend. I am mucb more curious 
about his domestic than his political status. 

">.'ot '.et: but I have just escaped from one 
endeavor. I've made up my mind that it's a 
necessary ovil— it will come somehow. 'You 
are bound to repent,' ears Sncratrs, whether 
yon EO in or stay out of it. I wish to submit at 
once, so as to have dene with the oue.-.tiou. 
But abont iiiv escape. Yon me 1 had',(;oBP to 
fiet out cf the heat of the weather to a small 
pKico upon this side of the lake " 

•• Stop ; you «ie ev.dently f,'0in? to be tedions. 
Give me, at least, tbe consolation of a fresh 
ci-jar and a li-ht, ,\(i>r for it, Itockfellow '!" 

'"Weil, it was abont dusk, and for want of 
aometl'iur; better, I strolled listlessly down a 
tnaEnificent avenue, bordered on cither side 
■with neat residences. At the prettiest and 
trimmest of ttjem all, 1 saw a eervHnt isttiio 
from the front p»te. and then stop to li^iten to a 
ciessa^o from what appeared to bo the owner 
cf the mansion : 

"ytop, Fh.cbus. 'Wtien yon return get the , 
bracelet of Jli"* lIontre?sor at ihs jeweler's.' | 

"It wis not tliRt I tboi3'..lit there was a chunco ; 
cf eloaliuR the bracelet, but the messaRo made | 
i>n impression noon me. I turued to look, aud 
1 sa,v tlKit v.ilh the scclloniaii who had just \ 

V hcf- If nii:r..'6 I I ou d see. Still I bad no I 
111 -.latiou in dociiiing in my own mind which I 

v.-au Miss Montressor. Tbo name pcmnded it 
once (amiliar aud romantic. Wtierc bad I met 
with it — in history, fiction, or inre:il ife? At 
that moment I should have siven something to 
tave had the enfrec ot the house, and I cursed 
the aalij-nity of my star in not having given me 
some introduction. 

"After walking a little distance, I turned and 
retraced ray steps. The two unknowns were 
now walking with their arms twined lovingly 
around each other's waists, and Sb if toaggta"- 
Tite my unhappiness, were laugtring and "chat- 
tering iu the beat possible spirits. 1 soon af- 
terward met tbe SDme servant retiirninfr. 

" Well, Phrebus," said I, puttin;; mv hand in 
my pocket in a way that I knoT the rascal 
would understand, " there are two ladies at 
your house—" 

"'Yes, sir. Mighty nice ladies, but thcv don't 
live with us— on a visit like. The widow lives 
just opoosite— ' 

"Never mind the widow. But Miss Kon- 
tres=or— " 

" 'Yes, sir ; she's a viaitor too ; Miss Edith 
thevcall ber." 

" What I Not from New Orleans?" 

" 'That's iust the pUce she comes from.' 

" Well, that is all I wish to know I'h.-phtts. 
She is an olti ac'\naiotanco of mine. " I gave 
him bia promisi'd reward and immcdiitelj re- 
solved on calling after supper. 

"I dressed with care, and soon afterward 
sounded the bell with tbe band of a man who 
felt sure of himself, iily summons was an- 
swered by tbe gentleman (if the house. 

" Now, before I go any further, h't me tell yon 
what reminiscences the'name of Mies Edithhad 

"During the war, tbe company to which I be- 
longed had been compelled to rei.nin a day in 

tbe town of L , otving'to an aeciJi-nt to ih'> 

train. The citizens gave us a huge reception 
and the run of the place. At that time, tier? 
was a female collego there, and its eon.mence- 
niotit exercises were iust then taking place. 
The young ladies of this institution were not be- 
hind baud in their welcome, and riviled the 
citizens in tbe warmth .of their reception. 
When the stage was covered with pritty girls 
in white dresses and blue ribbons, voti mav 
be sure some ot ns were auioti..-; the 
anaience ; and when they unfolded and read 
from the learned scrolls which thev held in 
their h.mds, and iuto which the garnered wis-" 
dom of three or four ve.srs bu'i h'Cj ccm- 
Drcs.-od, thev looked into our eves for appf-v*!. 
I was mveeif so much sIT'-C'-fd bv Iho argu- 
ments of ona of thcBO corepi-iiiun^, cniititd 
'I.ove at First Sight,' that Ivent'uiil to tak" 
a scat behiud t'lo authoress wi" n she had 
ciuiited the niage and sat auumg Hie au liem e, 
aud telling her that at New Orleans ( had eoen 
her somewhere— at the houss of t, muiuii 

ir I quitted OUM.V.M 

aLco withOTit fiv: 
11)0 bslf way ! 

I would' Cill \nr 

£.Lt parly, 'r.Lti tl-a 
/Drtl.ernpoD tliit o 
licard. 1 ji:niprd n 

guslied I' 1 . i' , . , ,; t , .-av 

E.inceL-e.J <!iy ct Ir,. L-i;'2;.in^- t.iDrrl iiw.,-.",n the 
txrectslion of L^;:r::;e b'rcTcrv iiiomcLt cry 
for r.:erc7; but i o- : .'ic— cot eo in'uoh ■^H a nbirn- 
per fell froiii bfr lir..--. Tbe oiipp'ir boiir lound us 

frable ] mietakn of 

:.-lrari.-fi) t 


UiP lv,nqiiet of lovf for coarr-er fart. Ko;,:l ie<j 
tbv ?iipptr rooai door, auouier 6b.-:rt renpite 
mk; RiTcD lis; (be roon waa eo cionJcd wo 
cGjId P'lf enter. We condoled ourreK-s bv 
ITOHV-Dadinc- up atid dnwo a io^^' dimly liVbted 
foi^ihJor— louogiLg bebiQd tbc lav-e Mliira, 
End«veuniaby-fir rt-ahy it was aiiito warij— 
by idcoDhsht ttroliiiig in tbe gardeu. Thrre 
wns but bttlo Biippr-r left for U8. Bat v.hat did' 
ennls iike ours care tor euppf-r ? Dmikivf; what 
littio cbampaano there remained, ne bad& a. lieu 
tofbosarisb crowd. In ebort, wo spent the 
wLole evepins iii niLiiiDS through the gE.nnit of 
iove, an:] when we parted tbe subject wae well 
Oi.Bl] exhausted. 

••n was Incty, i.- . m r ;, ' the nest day. 
Slid I had Bcv : - , •- .. .; .,,. The whole 
.biLfr was a my . . . : i was tioDc the 

I0P6 'uereased w I j , i ; , • ,■. nr^ti. <i'tpr- 
^ardstbat .i.o 1.,.,. >. .. . . rr, n v i'-fap 
mannfactiirer. Att.-r i:., ■ : ■ ■ : r wa 

1 Ke"d not tell vou ot ibi I'-rr.!' 

njotiiberinglberietneof >.i; ; ■ , --,,r I 

Arc: ssletood ihf-re at t!] u. . ' i - r-tpRi 

Hii: to return to roy r:inttoD?. I cnl.-^red 
lie i.arlnr, aud was in the act of executint' mv 
K-^t bow, when r discovered I had never met 
■i'uer of tbe iDDiates before. 

" I s'ammered out that I had eipccted to eee 
iliSB 'ioijtrer-sor, 

'' "Tnat IS ajy unnie,' said ore of tbetn. 
Bat Miss l:d,lh was the ljr=t came of mv 

"'Edith also is mine,' was the perploxiiii' 

iaid I, recnrriD? to onr Eret 

I "'It is very simple. I have a cousin of the 
same Daine.' 

'• 1 I»-it itP.nitely relieved, as piv blunder 
was neural emuah ; but I did not quite 
recover from the effects of mv nn>:chcr!i'. It 
was witl: duticuity I tnlloi?ed 'tlio rules of 
tlie ganif In spite of the romanlio in'ro- 
ductiun, I found the compinv of Jlias ilon- 
trcesor only moderately luteres'.io!?, and eo 
tnr as ei b wai concerned, would have been 
L:s.i!y £way. But her fr.end, of whom I 
1 a^eliiti-ot.i =aid notbiDg-6Hp motionless, 
ev^ep w[,M, tiirDing over the 'e.vea of a book, 
t-ne was dressed in deep ni uming, and with 
her eyes dowuca-^t. tair coirplexir.a and regular 
feature.?. It was difficult to avo'd being etrnuk. 
xr s^o d:d rot noiiee me, Inn the other band 
could ecJic ly ke"D my eves oR of ber. I would 
liavo giv.n eometbiog to hive been tbe book 
uron which ehe gazed or atreeted to caze po 
earaeatiy. There was a siight expression of 
ccldnese about Ler face, which disjpoeared 
when jo:i bad looked longer, and if it remained 
It was wi-h the angelic iroi'lem- which tempered 
ib« coijoeiry of the mortal. It was 
doubly initatieg to see a, ti>r» which looked 
so soft and easilv won. aiil \ ■; \. < - 'i w .;i'a 
rot -..s-te nn voutbe b2;f ^i r ; ' ~ 

tbeg;im[-.of catd* was tin ';.. , ■ ;,,j, 

piano fui!i:i-i-ed, tbe u-ii;'.l ;'.■ : . : 

and not a word to or troni fiie , ■ ' ' ([.r 

fneni cal'ed her Zephine otue dm ng (lie lOD- 
yersatioD, and seeing there was nolhiu"mor6 
to be mace by remaining, I bowi-d to the com- 
pany and retired, 

"Justaa I bad reached tbo front door mv 
good fortune, which I bad been aecnaiDg of 
neglecting nie, carne to niv rescue, and gave 
me a eignal proof of friendship. At the mo- 
rtient that I was c'os-ing tbc front doir. I 
beard my name calif d. Tnrnlng, I saw the 
lady adaie^ecd as 7ei.hine stsn-'in- near me. 

" I did nut well understand voiir name at 
tne tune of your introduc'ion. Ani 1 correctly 
mfor '^^rd that you are tbe brother of I,ouiae 

I'Vonrinfcrmation is correct. Madam." 

"'« were old school fri nrte. You 
i.j teil me something of Louise before 

".U any rsto you are not from Now Or- 

- "," ^'^'1':°'' ^ am— you mnst reallv excuse me 
lor Kiiglnng.' 
'1 t^-nn lolr^f i^^- ( ; , r. T u-,v fi, „t (n 

1 maetjoin i 
:ept bis ir^ri 

n,nst re; 
you go.' 

'' the li«k wag pleasant : a slight branching 
oil upon other tonics was no' forbidden nor 
diihcult. Ifoon found ni\eclf utteiin- tine talk 
Kith.iie Iiajagiiifd,iinnin!-r -i, .Tlowever 
it .'ball be CO fcxcneo :.<:■ ;. jt to von 

Suffice it to say, H's' - ,. - . T:ir Water 
Treatiee npver wand. . . i . ,■ , Mftpijnt 

whence we..^lartedti,M. ; ..uUr than 

did I, for 1 was the priDnp.i! sural-er. 

"'I cat: see now iliat I micht have enjoyed 
myself beuerthan with mv dull bnok,' eho s^id 
£3 wepar'e.l: 'i.iit^ilisfl Kdiib will be accusing 
me of in.iViTijT love to \ou in tbe dark, if I keep 
lou longer. Good night. S5baU we see yoa 
egsiu?' •' 

"it will boa. pleasure— that is if it does not 
m'trteiewith your literarv la-tea. Good ni-'ht. 

"fla iking b-inie, T bnl d'lubcs whe'l-cr, on'ths 
whole 1 not rather been let m bv my vi^it; 
I'ut It d'A not keef. me from rcpeMing it a 
lew ( ver't;:^ after—in the hope;?; tbia time, Of 

'" "' ' • ■ . rrg resulted in a oonversa- 

'";'" -I i)g p-trty of tOTio liiteen 

»" = ■ -U) hDoke Of I.opgfeilow 

"' ' '' ■■• .1, .■■■ Mhom I knew littln, and of 
wbon ,a,j .,,f other- of the tuu-.fui tbroofrl 
■■' ■ ■ ,.ly. 

rolil,-lv — t-.\cd 

spjitaring to bua^j 

tiirn/><l rto^n l^af wllh hor finyer. &t tbia 
ftacf :t n^cilfd bnt httle argument fo iaduco 
too tobecjme aciRia a partner at wliist. * 

•'Atrnvnext I actmllv tucocedta 
in Rettin? a seat by hfr sidp. and lioidinc mili- 
tary poa7i5Bi''n of v.y groiiad for iiioro Lhnri an 
hnnr, A Bift /a/i ■"'.«v-a>i; look Wii tru' imine- 
fiietBfrai'9 of ni7 B'''L-nfs; nnd t'lo r.>M;i;f rs of I 
Tantramp. wbo vr3^ a in''?n<ib!e loo'--. r-on, ti'- i 
caiuelin.per tL'f-n t-v^r. Ho\>-. ror. t •■ not 
to render him too wretched, ebe to ,;: h'3 a'm ' 
at the espir.ition oftfcat period, and D'.onv;ii:i'I.= d ; 
with hmi the balance of tbe eveniug iu tlie i 

"Odo mo'ocall acd my encceps wip <;lill more ] 
donbtlnl. I bad tbe moderate siti^ ai-tionof 
rr.eetics be- jnst BR 8he WS9 lesving the ciiy, to 
be gene sevfta! days. It ia trno 1 lia-i tbi 
rhae-.ire of eqnt.'eziii!; a rr'^t'ilv plnved band. 
Jlut tb.n Vantriio.p was fea'ed in tho dras te- 
tido ber, an^ would ece bcr r,rr. i or a little 
tiore. hfl niisbt have dr;7fn with bir to tluj 
denco and I noiild nnt have actively iritert>red. 

"Ao absence, boif'ver, of a week iadiicad me 
to cODSratalp.c? n-.veelf iinin niv p rsevo- 
rancc. and tiie iir=t diy of her return, to ehow 
that I was deserving of it, f,in:id rue again 
in attendaDce. Tb.e «vcEthf-r was raw and 
ehillv; tbe firo would mt burn, and 1 eoon found 
both Irnthfnl br.t inau-^p'>inua oniec? of defeat. 
The conversation vas a drac. 1 en^lf a,vored to 
Impart to it a r^rtiiin e!o7ition; it d' sccmlcd by 
a i.-K^itt qradUion into batboii. I reilly w.iuld 
have given a thousand dollars to have etavpd 
away. As it was, I wae temoted to i'itT>p out of 
the windovy and leave my hit in the binds of 
tbo enemy. I de;ermined to po and sipy away. 
Another call, I nas afraid, would not have mot 
Trith any attention at tbe door. 

" But that nisht. about the hour of rctirinf;, 
I waa snramoDPu to meet Pb^bu?, wiif: 8 mcjj- 
eaRO from his master. A vague alarm had 
seized npon tbe community. Every household 
fe!t unsafe that had no laale protector. He 
therefore asked me to RO over »nd eofnd the 
BiKht at Zephine'B. I need rot eay I forgot 
w: comiilainta and went. 

" !n answer to tbe door bell, a trembling 
vo'ce afibed, ' Who e there ? ' 

" I explained my coming. 

"There was no mietake abont my reception 
now. It was the most joyful greeting that had 
yet fallen on my ears. 

•"I send vou a kiss of welcome through the 
glass,' said she, applying at the eamo time her 
lips to tue surface in question. 

" I can wait and receive it iu person, tinleas 
you irit'nd I shall keep watch out here 
v.ith Cn.rlo on tbe door mat. 

"' The key is raieplacea, vou vnll not hayo 
to wait long.' 

"Looking through the pane, I saw that the 
dress of the speaker was white, tboriclj Mack 
wao her nanal costume. I diii not ut:der,-taudit 
at tho time, but tbe pi ■ ■ - ■ ' . frvant 
soon after without s. >■ -. ' ■ ■' ■ ■ - lr.;ht 

upon tbe niatter. I 1 .! ' '. r ut to 

w!(h her— t-ow a short corversalion— now listen- 
ing to her music at tbo piano, or contcntediv 
readitiK her favorite wtrka until she horeeil' 
should fiL'd time to amn=e me; I was happy, 
and i realized my halcyon days while enjoyiiig 

" I flattered myself tha> the ro-aghest part of 
mvrc?dwa3 over. Our C'>i]vcr?.itiwn more an 1 rhi roiehcd to t.'ie tervh-.', pnd t was al. 
ready Orvimir:,' of traveling the rest of the way 
over life's lOad in the nutriujonial coach, with 
her as my partner. Tbe whiskers of Vantrnmp 
' ' ' rospect. More tb;» 

iser dirkenrd 
OBcoIJad thonghttl 
on my ann trembled, 
in fomecf onr delighi 

ful piomi 

id which rested 
■e grew short 
ides and con- 

get in 1 


rin£r, my bbaiio.-- r li^^i 
uttering as she diaap pt 

i.ii.-riie me, I was placed 


a .'v room which 
of Zephinn ; a 
a corset and hoops were Hcat- 
aod afforded food for rotleelion. 
> f-iUy entering into synipa'by 
iwnor, I tried them on. sml when 

But I rcust iniry oi, frr yonder is the 
landinc. and I see evtrjbody getting their 
things together. 

" A linio while after tlipro was a picnie given 
on an Island, and a sort of hoiting excursion. 
On that day I resolved that I eboiild make ths 
derisive advance. For » while every- 
thing looked propitious. I pride myself 
on my rowing— I euccecded in getting 
a light boat and a Jolly pair of oars for 
tjiypelf and fair cargo -of coarse it was 
Zephine. SThilo others were toiling heavily, we 
were ekimming along like the birds that barf 1? 
touched the waterwith their wiriyij. Siiill I liiei 
wi'h one dreadful conve'^yrj ^. On l^ndln-^ 
whom sbonld I see but t.!i = a JVb'.h— (Ae ili-,j 
Edith whom I bad attended to the patty. To 
moot no with your old lovo before you are on 
with tbe new, you will adroit is a little embar- 
rassing. Added to this, a.^ I now saw ber, eho 
was not all pretty and had grown very stout. 

"I thought, bv way of c^inimenciug tbo c.on- 
versat-on and giving ber a bint, of the change 
in my feelina", it would be bet to tongratuLito 
her on hor marriage, o£ which I bad heard t 
vague report. 

"•Why, what do yon mean by speaking of 
my marriage. I married! iou" are the last 
ths-' ttogtit to accuse me.' 



I did nc 

"Tun I assure you—" 

" 'And to think that 1 shocld have been look- 
ing forward to meeting yon so long a time I ' 

■'T coctriT.!d to get away as' riuickly ta I 
could, sincerely hoping that'no one had paid 
attention to our conversation, and wisely de- 
termined to keep B3 mneh oat of tho way a 

".Again I was favored. The rest of tbe day 
we ate and fiphed and danced, and I had fully 
iccoTored mv spirits. 

"Finally. I hid found myself alone with Miea 
Zephine, and in a short, sharp and decided 
manner I bad 'pnnped.' Her answer was not 
quite so decisive, tint it left everything for mo 
to bore. 

"'How muni times have you told the same 
story V ?ho bUishingly asked Die, as we walked 
toward the boats. 

"'Never— that is, very much in earnest,' I 
stairmered out. 

"'Tint, thei'i, Tldith's manner this morning. 
She has been looking at you, loo, all day,' 

" 'I never met her but once before.' 

"'I believe you, of co'irse, bnt coo micbt 
have tbnugbt you had addressed ber from the 

to sav 


ae meanwhile 
nd found that 
cninarked. Vau- 
2C0 to ecixa noon 
o morning, and 

'with his bJ.skcts 

ittS ho36a. wii alrea^v insUIIi'd. Btlll, in Ihp 
bus'p:nf.H r.f tbe !^iO!utn'. I d .1 rot Diunl. o.-.'o. 
and leiTitis: one of tl:o tiiidles to I^lm bin. 1 
bad osn-ht «p the o'.bei' i7;th a will, and ta:,L'n 
my seat tt tbe eteni. i.ut we were not diB- 
tir./J to flel ofl so ens ■.. Jual as wo wt>io 
»bont efartmfr, Miss J'.dith discoverinsj tbrit 
there vra inoro room in (■ ,r bj»t than tbe one 
Bhe wss ID, aetermiDoJ is i.ivo na the benefit or 
her company. 1 tried to !;Et otT before she 
conld move, bnt I was too late, 

"KnowiDg; Kbat I bad to exnect, I talked 
londly, de8p"rately, madl'^, on general, ncinter- 
Cfting Eubjucts, in the hones that ebo would 
never tiiid an opportunity ot beinj: indiscc'ct-t. 
J. paddled fractionlly in order not to lose a mo- 
ment in (,'oiting to the ehoro. But my etruggia 
■was US'- less. 

" 'I hive scarcely seen voQ a moment to-day, 
Mr. Rockfelloiv,' ehe tt IcDcth eaid. 

"I rir,t;ered pometbing about being flattered 
by her e1;ow of intrreat. 

■■' 'I leel that I have been neglected. Do yon 
cot think, Zephine, thit ho has been very nn- 

"'That depends aomevrhat— ' 

'"Bnt we are intimate frii.nds.' 1 conld fb on 
heir bri 'nr,! ban ion pivs her R sort of ekcti-h 
of our first meeting, ilv h;'srt died witbln me. 

•■y.enTjvb.lo tbe eiin he i pone down and it 
waa b '^iuuii'g to giow d-n-i;. i'hcebne took 
BtlTanta::3 of the Itir-'tt'-'r to rhisner his 
■feara to me ahont the safety of our flat- 

"Why, that's the matter with it, Fhcebna; 
ED danger of sinking? " 

"'There's a big tnot-bole stopped np with a 
ping Eesr you, and if it should happen to com'-; 
out ! 'Pears to ms there's heap of water ia it 

"In my desperats mood r, bright idea o- 
cnrred to me. i felt the ping with mv foot. 

" Wf-11, it don't make ninch dlHerence, Phce- 
bns. if ehe doea eink. You can swim, can't 

"'Ob, yea, sir— like a fish.' 

"VTell, in ease onr cnitr, sftrivM happen to 
sink. Ton know, von mnst take care of MiBS 

"'I can keep her afloat t.nd me too— mighty 

" • 'What 13 that you are saving about floating 
and' aiuking. Oh, mv feet I What is the mat- 
ter,' eai.l Mies Zoohine. 

'"There is no danger— dearest Mr. P.ockfel- 
low— tell ms there is no daivf er,' said Edith, 

"■Wc were vrithiB abont a htindred rirds of 
th? eboie. The rc't of rhe party !>-ere wailing 
•for ue. 1 eaw the hated Vantrump stroking his 
^hieiiera contemulatively as we appioacbed the 
sborf, and tho thought that he might encceed 

"i'on won't do anything of the kind, Tsn'romp. 
I will yet win h-r," I mntiered to myself. 

"'Lord, maasa, dis here boat's gwinetoda 
bottom, enre,' 

"NouaeDse. There has been Mater in th9 
bottom ail tbe time. Pull away at joar oar. 
V^'e'll eoon be there." 

"H«re taere Wis a shriek and a Bcream. The 
I boat was acln&Jly coing down. 'Wc ire drown- 
ing'— 'we are sinking.' "tiave mn'— 'do, yon 
must save >ne.' and other similar cries rent the 
air. t'aya?e as my breaet was, thfir prayers 
and cries made me viah the plug tack in its 

" However, it was too late now for regrets. 
. 'Wi(h eitraordmsry presence of mind I seized 
Zephine in my arms, and telling I'habns to imi- 
tate my example, I leaped What 
the raecal really did, I had no meatis of know- 
! ing, as I saw nelbing more of him until T was 
I EaiB at land. Bnt he certainly was of co assict- 
ancB to Mi63 Edith— perh.ips bec«D»e she did 
not give him time, bshe, when flio sa-v me 
learing, franticrllv sprang atfpr n -;. Wi'h a 
grip from wbi.-h thi'io was no c-:lri,,.iiirig my- 
eelf, ehe clasped me around tbe iKicat. I hardly 
know how I escaped from my raoh csrtrin^on't 
lartly, perhaps, to help being clo.^e at hand. 
partlT to the shallowness of the wafer. Wben I 
uas at length broivett to the shore I w&s sense- 
less. Noarlv overvbodv had disappeared beiore 
1 recovered. My attempt to distingiiiab tnvsalf 
had proved a complete failure, Vantrump' had 
saved Zephino irom drownins, and bad ridden 
homo with her vrapped up in sbavds. Every 
one had abnsed me and attributed the accident 
in me. Two of tbe ladies declared that i was a 
little monster, and that it would been a 
J'ro?idenC9, and would have taught me a lesson 
if I had been drowned, etc, 

" I eaw at a glance tbF.t I had been most wo- 
fnlly let in. There was nothing to be dene bnt 
curse my folly and set ont for a nev, tieici of op- 
erations. In abort, T am on mv way home now, 
cr rather we are already there, as here's the 
landing. A stirrup cup before we eeparafe. I 
can't s»y after all thit my mishap troubles me 
much. The city does dot'lacU in prettv women, 
and it will go bard with ma if I do not find some 
o-a* to coiiK)l« ia«," 


i ■ A sort of bidi!en link binds and brings to- 

|;| K^ihcT, for good or evil, c-rtaiti chsiacteis 

I? Vfhom dest'Dv wills shonld not be spart. Ttc7 

.^ find tl;era;flTe3 josthn? ii-aiDst ea-h otlitr 

|j| witboiit previously drt amine of it, Rv.i influenc- 

f ^ ins each other's fito by ties of fiiendshiD or 

i--? bate, and in a vray which neither ran nndor- 

K . iliDdwheDtoo tbey imaeme therDFClves tbou- 
fi ands of miles sepa-ste. An illnstratiori of this 

Lf rrineiple is Bupnfsted in a bietorj is etiU 

frequently ta^k-?d of in lliia cv.v, and whish, 
owing to the miluary ooonpotion at the time the 
incst tregic even: occurred, has never been 
lal;y ptii. limbed. 

-A eli..n iroo befoi-e Gen. VTaltei- made bis 
first *snedit!r,,, to Central Amer'ia, there wa^j 
eeeu cm otir most iashioDible protEeria'ies a 
. yoaner man ivbose appeorancs ettractod no littl» 
cofflment. Accotdms to sonie icoojuta, he 
■EBB CDS of those baadsfnip, wcli-dtesesd 
lienre^, more freqnentlv teen in (his city than 
elsewhere— one of thnsi men ni'h lathintr 
eT», dark connilexlou. cnrir hair, and neil- 
sfcsped mr.astsche. w^o fV.rai ono of the 
principal {•Ha'sct.^rs of alrao-t evfrv novel, 
and ocoaM;ou3ilv of eouie of tbc' sofnes 
of real life. (Uhrrs ppoto of him a« a 
bi-iTo m appear.n -6 viich ihc e mhro and 
Biniiter look or a man predestiEcd -o Time 
Be this as it may. aad wh=rber his en -le gaze' 
ind!'-?."'., a n-au b^.n to comtascd, or one who 
^'".'"'^ f'l'' i'-yto c>rrT oil', -ho e'rin^er 
'"'"' ' . ■-■ v.'iii the yoiiDg men of 

^'''' ■ ' ■ '' riPiiitJes and by bia ex- 

'^^;'-'-: ' niuis .ird othfr tdscly ac- 

^■"J'' ■■■--' ■• i ■■'■ n ii;ie ha was dsstioBd to i 

bectroe well^^c 1 v na^ thit of Caot. U . i 

At the date at which he is noT iotrr,- ; 
• .need, he had conrofri-./d the practieeof las- ; 
nnderpromisms aiispiues. and what, porliape. 
added to his rroapeeta. the lawver in tvhn-o ! 
onicehj had made his novitistf, had just lost I 

his life by a steamboat explosion, and M 

vr?i left in eola cbarge. ' I 

In this 9t.it6 of aflairs, M , ,yith two : 

r^fjei,,ia, (.apt. D and a yoiinc mnn named , 

V 1 ''»'! oecn together during an evpn- 

iBg. ind rr»te:id of returning to their h'lmcs at ' 
liiMif. eorcudod totaUe rooms togr '.her at tho I 

''iL<s Hcntl. In tho morning, 51 left 

" ! •- ■.: r. rv cariy. t'03-.e time Ef:i-r, D 

- ••:;m£- up (out.d teat his pocket-book ccntiin- I 
■'- ■' - ' ''J"^ ajsapp-ared. Tho ouiinoeition ' 

;■ ■iicij„- the frieuds vra- that II bad laliea ! 

Id in a siibeequent meetirrg Capt. j 

I pclitan coffeehouse, at the comer of St. Aph'j 
ai'.d CoDde, nesr Cbartres street, at the time tb.j 

blows wera dealt, and tb-t M then held 

in hia hand a carving knife. The injury vras 
not, however, resented in any other way than by 
a challenge. 
I The Keeling then took phce at the old dnol- 
I jng ground on the iletairie what is now 
I the i'ark. At the hour appointed, » crowd of 
. two or three hmidred were fonnd to have been 

collected. Messrs. John HuC and Yaleiy 

|1> acttd as the seconds cf M ; 

I Bl-^-ts. C and T as seconds 

I tu 1) . Ingoing to the gronnd, M— 

I apiieared resolnte and not lacking in purpo»e. 
1 On-:, honever, hnhadr.-raLhedfhrr?, Lebecamo 
I )'-''•■'■ '■.'■ ■-■■•', e-- .'-■ y. not himself. 

' . • . ■ ; ,, t - . - : jjj were pres- 

' ■ : • ' . ^lashonld t.n 

1 r>- , .... ;,.:,: ;■;■■-■:_. ' . . --^ioiia cnalcl 

cede there remalDP : r ' , '• ' ', ' , ,'^ 

I of M to fi., ^ -■ ., .^v;^ 

i p.iE»ipaI. Thiaui:: ].. rr, ; .; ■ -. r j^jt. 

j litflesp'ou'irh^d tnrind that his o.Ui 
cept-d bv tn« eFo.icds ^po[^ the opposite side. 
The "^enpoii^ were those cenerallv need among 
onr Greol- r.ipQlatioa, small b-^ords or colicbe- 

m«rd5, n- and McC were armed 

witb tt^ese, sn i -low eet to work in good earnest 

— SI n.pan-.vbile looking on. The coia- 

biT.-, 1 l;aj actually made seversl DJsses, 
>■'' ^ '■, r cinriauanoo of tho fi.;bti7aa 

'" •'" protests of one of the at- 

i3 not a 

and the ma 

Bb.ioK tiandM anl 
carriages. The li 
motionless and siN 
alyz-.d by the ex' 
OTcrlKUen hiin, r,:. 
avert ibe deerid^ 
Btarebimintbe fxi 
m.-in whowna bis., 
w-9 n-sfioi bin 


jibes and 
his w.iut 
ed of tUo 

aving be 

'apped bit; face. 

reiipou a greed upon, bnt P 

uicatrated wiih bv th.-. frieods 

v.itiiQju pro'if, 
.1 hlon "nnjr.-- 
Tie apology o 

Iheyai the time weteatlnnoh 

pieasii-e of fieeing a duel. 

A fc-v years afierward one of the bcforenamed 
paries, in etouipany witli IMr. I'ugt-no P , 

1 ..'.,'.•:..- ' , ;.; ,', 
f "rV.'i-;? uuV^uun."'" '' '^' ' -"■-'-' — " ■-" 
The roxt heard of him was after the rt lu:n 
of (.on. ^\ili,er to the city from t;;9 Jiicais- 
giian war. It now appeared that M h,-vl 

itr. 11 now appoareu taat a: 
tb<ro s-rved with him as coloaf=l of a regimr 
and. according to all ac.'ounts that were gi 

.( .1,. nr . of hiiR. he bad acted ■'witii great coaragei 

at the Metro- I gaUantrv. 

At Ih.: 
or the I 
hia bril 

beiijs ( 

;of Gen. Scott to thiecilyin 

;le^ M— . }r: complime 

fi.-rvicra in the Nicirasnan 


i-L.iilt;- ;.,,■ c.i:..'.'. uul> iipoa li 
tL? i;arr;-Lr, suJ his liippincsa 
tpd wiib the man kLo w.t^ be 
.tb Ilia pa;t history wag that 
;1j the s?iord bnji-'er.d.d over I 


Aftfr the pro^epelon, the- aiarshala, some 
tirentv-fi^e or tbircT in naaiber. ancl eoms of 
tlie gui^stp, Trerc jLvicea br Cbatles Watf-rm;iD, 
BUbeeautatlj Ma.vor, to partite of champa;-'nu 

punch. M ■naa Ihec (oriially iBtroduoed 

to the assembled Rue-te, aci amongr others, to 
bis old sec^Dcl. The latter driii^d, darme the 
t>resenc3 of Vva'crmao, that bo had ever met 

M , and afjrtnal irtrodncMnn took pla;e. 

As to^ii sa Watrrmaii ha \ ai,a..or3,r.Hl, M 

\ia8 !ajked vb;it a iniu 01 his character 

meiE^ tv briE? fi'-ro 


re;.!ita, by eayiu? 

thath.'h .lb-.'. s»o 

, :\nt 

h:i:; reflcsinsd him- 

tor, ail,! h; -• .;i-v t 

(xaosed. "ilcC 

told Li:' i; ' !■ ' : 

r. If heeoaidswim 

ai>d CO . 

.- tc 

po abead- 

Theai.' .. v., - ; > 

taKer... a I'd avoidms; 

tbeuipii fthc hi, ! T • 

:.-.!- him hi? h!s- 

tory E^aln disapi'ss 

luril the war. 

■VVbtnnext seen h.= 

• ; ..t the most 

brilliaot charac-i.-r. 

'.ct, a reeruit- 

ing offieerof hi.- f ■ 

-K. His plan 

was to find out vi ■ 

V, -re an^ioui 

to TOhmtesr fiT U:. ^ 

.1 -cs:ll them 

to parties -mehinj t 

■' .!■ companieB. 

Sometimes he w, ■■ 

.:;i:cnent3 with 

the par:-r'- ;.• 

' ; prorariue a 

certain v 

■ th03?mi^bt 

have he. I , • ,. 

tiealnr iii •' ■-■:■: 

, ■ ' : • l:fiVto ■n"s 

recede 1 ,• 

■ -: <io.:'D men. 

He Ci ^ -.•'■■. -"'il the arrival 

of the il: -,. ' ■ ■ . ■ • . - ia Xothine 
was tb' '. ■ '■'•:■ , , t for an allegod 

embez/h ,';i : ' if r,m • f- ^..'-= pureued bv 

Major Joliii !' aud C^it. 1! , with 

strict orderB to arrest him. 

The latter havin» reached Mandeville, were 
poiuttd oat ft schooner £bj:!t a mile distant from 
the thore, snd ^hich was eaid to contain the 
wan they sought, Throsric:; cloaks over their 
nnifordis, and armod with a fix shootit;s raiis- 
qnetoon and a pavy revolver, they proceeded in 
a boat to where the Ecbooter Vias lyin;;. L'pon 

monntin; the Hides oft;,- ? :, ' >T 

wan fou Jil on board. As to ' J ■ ; -:icd 
];n cije but tboee preset: i ■ i ■!•_'. v. 
I'meen divsafter th;vw r • - i ...Man- 
deville in"a boat, the bo.,. .a oi i' aud 

.« v,;rf reen lioinn,- upj:; the water. 

i; b boiy was found ncnr llandevil'e. 

1' 2 lolv'was loundnoar I.aFreniere. The 

fjr.iric - 1 f t ji iiccei"ed were wtitt n to in thH 

r: .. J . ; ^ of B wa; fc--i!t here bv 

i : ;heUke. TbeboivofP 

Vi . s nt for— Gen. Ijanks piviris 


Crat bad been made by Gen. Backa to dlowin; 
aoythiua like a public demoGslratiou to bn uiado 
over tbo corpse. It was.- however, shown that 

tiaior P had once hav thanked in a 

jirin'ed cird for ihe kiodoees he h id shown to 
ce.'i-jiu Federal pii^omrs whowerc placed under 
hill and in rt- ;i'ilal of this ac- Gen. Hanks, 
vlofU appeale.l to,' ojlowed the funeral to RO on. 

Tortturnnow to si , he naf euocoeded 

in rea hiog Ne-v Orleans and en'enup tbs Fed- 
eral lines. Afi^er taking the oath of ElleKiance, 
ho was arrcstel by the anthoiilies unon the 

cbrrRe of having murdered P and B 

The counael he ibto en. plowed was Thcoias 
J. Iiurant. A Coroner's jnrv was summoned to 
eiz upon the bodies, of wliich Capt. John H. 

JfcC was a juror. The body of l' 

W38 examined bv Vv. Shnpoert and Dr. Stone. 
So wound Kiis foubd. The death was obviously 
from drowning, and co the jury decided, after 
the cxamimtion of the cntsin and two siilors. 
.Vccordin^ to their sccojnt it aopf.i-ed that 

P and M , upon boarding 'he vessel, 

had called upon Bl to sutreoder. whish 

hi- d'd They then ordered the "autsin of the 
fci,iOiBer to po to ebnre This ord:r was bein? 
exPCQted «ben tne bocm, owing to the Ebiftinj,- 
cf the wind, swnni; r.rnund and s'ruok ttem so 
violently as ti throw them both ovrbsard. The 
Cit.iaiuof the Echooner made tor tn? jnwl im- 
mediately, but was prevented from lowtriD'.: it 
by M — ■ — . The latter now tolJ him not to 
stop, 10 pnt UP aU fail, asd get to New Orleans; 
thiit be would be certainly hung in ca e he was 
carried to the e'lor?. 

From the tcstin.onv of the Captain- tbef were 
etiU in the water endeavoring lo kee.i them- 
EOlves'afloat, the Hi- thit was seen of them. 
A liesh breeze fpiinjing up. the schooner 
eniled direcu to Xi.^ Orl-ans. Afier a str.'^gie 
of five days over the evidence, the drof.-nini? pronoanced accidental, and all of the par- 

tiCH released. M was taken into tb" Fed- 

crr.l service as a de'ective, and Coroner Beach, 
who had held the in-iuest without military per- 
t!:is-ion, was discbHr.L'i^d trnca his office. 

\Vu Lave protreo ed nnr account too far to 

(■Iwr! more upon t',e adventnr >s of 31 . 

f^oon after th-j evriir.-- l.Tt dC3crib.=d. he left the 
city and never returned, except furtively. The 
last time be was ever fcen here, some threo 
ye.ira ago, was in the dusk of the eveaiop, and 
nt the sudden turning of a street. Si3:;blar us 
it mav eecra in n, narrative which rreten's to 
give only the literal truth, tho parly whom he 
now met with was hia old-time acqnaintance, 
whobadar-cdaa hia .second in the duel. The 
two men stared at each other, mutually aston- 

I irhod at the niTeling. and remained for a mo- 
ineit or eo without speaking. 

" Is it esfe t^r m'e to remain in the city ?" in- 
qn'rel Msni osixs. 

I '• Von ate t io well known. On tho contrary, I 

I counijl Eo.'hing of the sorf." 
'■ v'.hat, then, is\or,radvic6?" 

I "It is that vou take the lisst boat from the 

j citv, and never retorn." 

11 seemed to attach a ruvsterionc! im- 

I portance to the advice of a man whose fa'n np- 

I paared to be so freouently thro^vtl in coutuct 
with his, and from (hat day to this has never 
been eeiu in the city. 

. ! ' : 'and 
it-.. . ■': . .-'1 of 

Ab Kpliodc to iue Piice.IIr.s 

IcNev^Orlea-is, during tho darkest 

one of ou- Kavest scisnus, a fe*v ye 

aaik^nel an ioiaien^e deal 

Bomeoftho visitors loth 

li l.•l■.■a^ t-eling iimjDg all 

who v.-re burnin- home at a late Lo 

a, an 1 'ho touiril rii=a were 

Btarclid tootiserv- tho form of a y-n 

tf ^rc IiirK-.-stconeiTCRthU 

•.Nho La-, hi'f c-ouc'K.i upon wba>. aop 

ho nar. .Somo OiipJ.otiau at 

boac'.epolttis old cith'-i.ra:. lUo 

the boraeIe«,3 tnd c 
to tboso whosi, occ 
throacfh th; ei!..r.: \,_tohf3 ; but t!.. 

mtbiacaae tvaulhj.t the Iron railiE;,', ,_ .„ 

loirked, bad let-U scaled ; and tutttitriiiore, 
that in e.iite oi the in.;lemencv of tlic weucber, 
the altitude or the jcauggiriKasoce or pia\er, 
Itvlber than tb;ii 0! rest. 

When ber sj^tnurion had attractod the atten 
• ion of C(..mpasi-i(> pjssera by it apiioired 
that Bhe had bc-,-n tl,fcre throut;h"hilf the ui-bc 
lifltenms? to tiio ci.'itnea of tbeold 1 
in;j; tbo qa triers Dad half-hours, a 
iiJe; to nerve her n;in 3 to a deaper 
the sruat and bu'. littie-disiant stri 

Tne acoonnt Riven brloiv it tlifl"poor cirl'a 
own stateinint or her history, aarekted to Caot. 

<-•, .bywliom she was rc^,:ned. lue etorv 19 

giTen in clinost tbe precise manner iu laWcii it 
waa then tola : 

■'Until recently I lived with mv rjofher in 
cocjfort in ilc ccr.ntrv, at no greit di-tarce 
from the ci y. 1 ne ru-ent geriiral tinaEcial 
Oleasters nii.cD silecred oilierd affected ua. Wo 

^Ko -:-.:- /-.. — ^''^ 


titute is common enonjh 
ation keeps tuetn. on duty 

ngo in 

the only party to whom 1 
nitiou Wis duo. 
" To tn:s sueech I ki 

onght any eipla 

t answer to 
ent_to eiy 
■—I thought 

this ttatetu 

Q.J that I v;"a 
i:t;h, too, b. 

:uuid not bel 

mentoub Tor me 

tentiom of r m; 
giltfroni hiiaa; 
etatus I bud eocc. 

na hir irom my home I wished to 
pa. hat on for the conduct of one 
at my only mala acquaintance. 
■ -iUtnces ct niy s!;|.-iic^ were mo- 

id me la 

eta. Tbo 

..Ml^er.tknivj, nnd wore as a 
mjiticent diamond rmg, Hhoss 
' ' " n ordernot to attract 

that we dis,.o.cdoreven thole ornamente I ^^ot hoiTreirQisiraW 1 coul^Tot aee iho man 
''t^^^ r" '" • '^'i'' °' ^'■'<=°'i-^- I ""o ''^'1 betrayed me, and, beside, he bad left 

1 now fin. ertninei to endeavor to obtain the city. 

■,w^,^ Bitiiauoniu too cfy. In tbi= attempt I i •' . 
encceeded. &=compiC-ed hy my motitr, 1 w^9 ' the ( 
lortnonte encn ;ti if I'.uimi; a homo as Ecii-h i 
i'.hr ?'■ ^'i'."'"' >=='"^t'- chCdren of a email | 
6'-nool ibe imiates of iha litter aopeaied ! 
kMltnd W'll-.M;p:..ed. In lact, 1 ivas so tvell 
pleated thntm? taother, on loDRer entertain- | 
ia„- aty ans.eiy u-.oa my own account, eoon at- 1 
terwaid letuinid toue. | 

"luriog tbo life 
heard bun .'pPiU frt 

ime of a brother'l had 

uentlT of an oil lanolass- 

mate RLd intimate 
M . In a <•iI^ v.. 

n-cJ ucder Ihe maifl of 
ore ever. thin.' to me was 

neT, .Toumay i;::;: - 
Iff,' witb him bv : 

r'.v :.-; :«i[,cs3 at meet- 
■ c Jent, ind hi. 

rindioR that tbc j 
formeo were n ■ , 
wore pieasins;-:; 
uamred. KDdli, 

- I had alreadv 

!. Uis manncrt. 

• ' ^ b. wa3_Rojd- 

• . :;:c'l anaueccr 

^Ttaried with t ■■ 
of arnu = Ftn-nt ,■ ., 

; M~ind obiBMs 

; - i-v At places 

iny cjnstant 
"We were 

playing eome domestic f/ame with 
r"»-' the hap- 

a parly of 

fciuRla incident, I tLi-ht rcmeu 

picbt of my life. It wss the wt 

condition in life, whether 
told. Several of the c.rc'e 
':'.t Kits decided 0., in this 
1'' tas at length proposed. 
11 he is to marri,' said ono 

married or siDc 
had already hs 

manner. II ', 

"'i'es, tellu? 

voioo with a meiiun ' giance at 

Our fortune-tell >r, wbo was a ladv tl 
been introduced to me that oveuin" ' ai 
to deruur. ' 

" Jf-- now, t.s did several of the pa 
roand to know Ms forl'ire. 

" 'Do von wieb mo to tell jou when yoi 
bo learned?' =" j ^1 

" 'CertaiDly." hcsniwere !, though wi'l 
theauating manner, '-why ehould yo 

'' 'There is one reason that occurs to n 

-■vnd tlist !- ' 

.,''.'."-'"^''-" * -'" "'■0 married Eireadv ' 


" Ko, I do not wond.r," eaui the Captain - 
'Darily Irorn wnat v^u h-ive told lue, partly 
fr jm jn otivious circuuiotance you h.-no forgot- 
ten to meatton." 

Ihe tirl hold doT?n her head. 
T-".\^''*^^"'^ """''" to,"tbe said, "is too true, 
it 1 live 1 tiiaa become a mother before be- 
coming £ Wile." 

"Listen," said the Captain. "You have no 
relatious here, and ecarCL-iv any one else knows 
yon. lletnrn to your notel to-niyhf, which I 
»l!lass:ft you in lindiii,;,'. It; will bo easv to 
airaufteon onr way tbere. witnont vonr c'lm- 
mitiiog fctiiciae, that your fli!"<,'rj.-e eij-il! i!ot be 
knjv,r„ Will >oii promise to r . t.v mv p/iri -c ■''■ 

The piomise was given ; li, ,:;»-■;■> , :,.d 
to the plico at whicii she 1' : '; 

she proceeded tho next muri l; i; 1 i • . iv 

Dressed respectablv, and with the air of one 
accustomed to i-ocietv aud tetinemenf. eho ais- 
posedl.!=t ofiiur nug at £ pasTnbrokrr's. and 
nex', appeared at the ohico of oae of our n.iblest 
cbsruaola inatitufi.ias. The o.flcfr in cb%T^& 
having been summoned, the ladv, without 
raiding her veil, begged to become an inmate of 
the AaylQm,in a etrieily privats ai.arii ent.i.ud 
where the fjuld be £.i"i : i , , ; ■ t - :r- 
geonincliargo. Tb, n , . 1- 

ialiou as to terms, vv .., , >,^ 

u-redonthe b^, - ;., 
i.iiued to a waid Mii=c 

feks aftervard, the 

cniate had given 


Cipraiu, who 1 

!.,? la.-t year of ihe war, a 
Mle of the (■miDoua eitu«- 
of tho sniill cities of the 
■h an army t>-aa encamped, 
treiiientcd by of- 

= adv 



• NothinE oocnrrodfor eonja time s'tcr h\» ar- 
riviil. Tbo Captain, who, ae « poldier, /til ccr- 
tijiu of hia £.npei:U-, but donbtfu!, nnder tlie 
circumstacces, of ci;il.iuf» mnoh of an impree- 
Bion in tlio drawini? room, remained much 
nesrer the forcier than the latter, and wad little 
seen or heard of. 

It did not, however, prevent him from glacc- 
t'.g occasionally into it.o main receptior. room, 
and from raakirgsome iuqairiss. Hia attention 
having been in ihid v. ay pointed to a inarri'jd 
lady, remarkable for her etyio, self poescseed 
air, and the hoioago which she recoivrd, the 
Captain eoon found himself endeavorinpr to 
retaember where he bad met the fa^re before. 
Sbortlv alter bqo pasted near him and hear.a^:; 
her voice at the earaa murnent that ho caiiu'ht 
her eve, the Cantam nvide an mvolunisry slart. 
The moment alter lie in the hsil that lou to 
the enpper room, and wa^ f;i.:ins at the prepara- 
tiona tor the feast f.a if bunf J m taonslit. 

In this reverie lie was interruoted by s tap 
with a fan on the slio^lder. 

" ilo you remember cie V" eaid in a low tone a 
woman's voice at his tide. 

The Captain, af'er hesitating a eecond, re- 
plied civihv that hf; diJ not, 

'• Yon are very RtDtrous or discreet to deny a 
knowledge that you think misht .qivp me pain. 
Bat it 16 (aey to see Irom jonr face that yen do 
kncri- tee." 

" t'ince you insist, Madame, npon recognizing 
one whom 1 would Eatur.illy euppose von nould 
be ani.oiie to forget, permit me to inquire bow 
yon eueceeded m oDtiiTiinf; position and fortune 
where modi perf-'ns are losing theta?" 

'• 1 am m.irned. iUy husband is wealthv." 

Some fanlier couve'satim folluwtd, and the 
Captain, who had h-3.rd of the history of the 
hnsfcand and wite i\ about ever prtviciisly iden- 
til'vii.'g them by name, was soon mads master of 
tte whole story. 

"I thiDk," f Rid he, "that I saw you a moment 
sgo leaning npip the arm of the gentleman 
v^ith dark completion and croiuitieut raou- 
stiiohe. I ask not from curioauy, but merely 
to advise"— 

"Tlist you must know, as yon src xofb from 

t>!P Sime city, is Mr. M . You have prooa- 

bly aheady guested that I have known lam for 

"11 y-! '. '. ,'■' Kr-'K,;'^' him so t?p11, 
:.efiub' ■ ;^- , • ■ -e'-re is hardly 

-ny net 1:1-. ' > l.ii character." 

tiined permits en . ■ : . 

mieeion through ti . 1 , ; .7 . 

rricu, etillhe ivuuU' e . ■ . 'e.-Vi.r t . <'■ r ej a 


Iho Captain ohruiged Ins ehonldcrs, and the 
interview ended by ir..iuirics on her part and an- 
I'wers en h:8 as to the bands into winehher 
.:Lild had been pkictd, and where it might be 
subsequently found, 

imoLs the m«i.t uotic86bla inquwitg bold 

iuring thi" past year was that of th« Oorontr 
npon a body touad on Cu-^tomhouae etreet, in 
0E6 c: thoio houses in that neighborhood kept 
by qiiEue jn landladies, and occupied laoetly by 
single reetlemen. Entering under a covered 
allf.v-ivav, the visitor, after proee" "ing eom» 
distance, found himself in a dtrk ourtyard, 
acorned by a *ew poisonous looking f tfers', and 
to whi'-h the presoaoe of one cr tvo clumps of 
bansna trees gave a rather melancholy appear- 
ance. Climbing up a tadly hghted stairs, the 
Coroner vtas ehown into a suit ot rooms filled 
with tuiLtture of the coetlieat pattern. Abcsvy, 
canoi^Kd Ledetead cf dark -nooi, whose curtains 
were sgiiated by the \.iud, tirM arrested tha 
attention of tne visitor in tnlericg, and the 
e'fjht of a body immediately beneath, prevented 
tke g a/e from wandering further. The features 
were wasted, and bore about them the ncraia- 
taKtable Tiajlot of death, but were still fine and 
exprcssifi. Olid the hair, which was disheveled, 
was reinarbatda for its glossy Icntjth. A vial, 
ccntaiBiLiK laudanum, tightly held m one of the 
hacd", £hi,ost obviaied tne need of any in- 

vioas a child had been entnis'ed 10 h-r care to 
raise, and stipposicg It to be the oE'spring of a 
wealthy party, or narties, who had a leruporary 
reasoo'fcr conceaung ita hirth. she had raised 
it — the more, too,, un'il recently, been 
hberally paid for its m.unteLance. 

Upon the previous night, about the honr of 
reining, the deceased bud kneckad at her io'jr, 
atidnaiiug explained that eke w.ia the mother 
demanded to see it. lier appearance was in 
last degree haggard and wcru at entering the 
house. She loeked stunned and bewdSered 
whca iafcrmed that a short time prfvions tho 
child had iiied. She recoreied herself subse- 
quently lue-ugh to E-peak. Srio hsd atmanded a 
room, and had said that she would Bot need one 
long— that she was shuDDed by her rela- 
tivei", .lad betrayed and ruined by tiiose she bui 
con^idired her" friends, and tL.-.t eha did not 
caro to lire. 

II , vrhese nEme had been mentioned in 

connection ■?;a'h that of tho decessed, was sum- 
moned as a 'Witness, and looked on thoughtfully 
as the bofiy was being dissected. Ho coupled 
the ui-6 of the gcalpel by the surgeon vtitk a 
philosophical remark: 

"One mn^t dissect their best known acqnjiint- 
ances in order to understand them thor- 

'■I..- knewing them thoroughly yon perhaps 

i ,. ' ] :• .MUg how most thoroughly to profit 

■ fcrtunos," said Capt. -McJ., who," at 

! : lit entered; "but vuu, II , ought 

ii ' I -■■?f, to have spoken of her as a 
til r,;i than an aequaintaucc. since, after 
roobmg and mining her through life, von will 
now get paid as a witness aJierhcr death.* 

> The cl-i! 

I and incide 


a^ I)d: 

; laiiuest beia uffon 



In tbc last volume of the Louieisna Supreme 
Court Reports, (vol. 21, EloomueM &. Co., pnb- 
lishors— advance sheets,) the deciaioa ia ren- 
dered in the well-known case of Nazaire va. 
tl.0 Ruci'c'ssion of Dalzel Jlara.v. TLe case will 
Df< reauily recalied to mind i>v tverj one famil- 
iar viitii the history and traditions of the 
city, and l.y a good many readers, in conse- 
qneuoo of the discussion elicited in reference 
to the suit before the Lesislatare. The case 
will bo renumbered, toi, in ccuaequene'i of tb? 
andden and n'uexpeced quarrel between Gov- 
ernor Warmoth and Auditor G. JI. Wiokliffe. 

This (pnrticniarly sine? tlie incarceration 
of >'. ickliQ'o in the Parish Prison) has led to 
various surmises as to ita cause; and &tale- 
ments, »U of them more or lees false, have been 
advanced to explain a breach where friendship 
appenrLid to the lait degree neoessary. Amon- 
other c:mses assigned is the disagreement 
which grew out of the dispo.-^ition to be made of 
tho Macay estate, (after it had reverted to tho 
State,) valued at an immense amount. As this 
rumor Ills hi-en dwelt npon by the well-informed 
•with more pertietence than any other, and as 
the nature o.' the BiSt ia but little understood, 
■Wfl have taken some pains to collate the singu- 
lar and esiraordinary facts of the case. These 
fade have been taken Irom the decisions of the 
Supreme Court, the arguments of counsel, and 
the statements of some of the innumerable 
witnesses introduced upon the stand. 

I'lj .Tiidfie Ifnw — Ibc present snit ex 
liibiis mncli nvre of the tec-lin;,»9 and pas- 
Bious, ihe inlumily of hnman will, than 
one would expect ti meet in the ordinanlv dry 
and ariil province of law. Apart from the de- 
tiiila and technicalities of fi'e suit, the main 
question involv..Ml is one of worldlvsuccess—oee 
as to the shor>f-8t avennes to wealth and prefer- 
ment. At R time Khca the ftru file in lift is 
one n! fliort cuts and abrupt ti:ru = , when 
boiicfty ia (HiihtHd of beiii'.; the best policv. 
and tlif p. Ill to iinnor In.- through noaio 
Mn.uti.'i- ,..t:- ;!..-i il,>: .,,., ;.t,,i out by con- 
"■ '■ '■■ ■-. ■' ' -deration well 

-' '■ /'• ■' ■" •• ■ ' '■•' ' ■■ - J 1:0 facta now 

when Louisiana wa6 

by that most rlebas 

.'^I'auish Vic.iovalt,. It was in the d^iys wiien 

the briberv of go'vernment officers and offi. 

cul? were Inoked n::on as a mit'er of cnurBe_ 

We oave crown better hinee, and changed alj 

of that now. 

i ,ii-)„e of J. W. Zaoharie—My acnuaintance 
v.i'ii Dj'zel Macav dated almost froni tho eom- 
menoement of the century— tully fifty Tears 
s:o. Jlacay had come down tie river ti this 
city upon a Hat boat as an adventurer, and at 
tliat t-.nie did not; know bow to read or write. 
H'S lirst euccfcsa was to obtain a suaatiou as 
ci.rk with an old quadroon storekeeper. Re 
had u't been there lone before he sucoi-dcd in 
acnnirir.i: the rudimen's of edncatioa, Ho nl-'i 
enccfeded in swindling his employer out of liij 
interest in his store. Witness beifg a^ked 
where the store was situated, states that it was 
0!i illiartres street, in the building now occu- 
pied bv iuruste. as a restaurant 

A'nei II'Ttnen^ siroi-n—Dalzel Jlacay was the 
most snccB'sfnl and nnsTUDulon''^ of th" sne- 
colatiirs of a generation ago. Pie pac>, ci.-d 
partly by his piifrgy tied capacity, tv ir.nti.iM- 
lics bought from the Govornora and lei,'i-U!i.e 
bo lies, rartly by his extraordinary Inrl,. He 
had in tbe ontset of his business 'cotirioni'ed 
with his brother Nicoraedo, a, much aM.rbnt 
more penerous man. and it was Xi'TimrdPR 
pop-ilariiy and talent thar establ shed tli • rii ni. 
Isiio.mtde, however, loft the business iu 
Dalzel '.lacaVs band-, and was iil'ima- 
tely defrauded of his interest. About tho 
tirr'e he was mined, he died, ant hi.s 
wife was married by Dalzel, his brother. 
I.lacsy's fortune bece.m'o so large thnt ii" bui'.t 
thn niagni.ficout residoucB then spokon o'ss .% 
hich was fubsenuently purcljoj' ,! at a 

paving the Hooting with doubloons, and th;it he 
was oulv preventei from doing so because the 
coma bore the head of tbo Spanish monarch. 
IJnt tbie story was not ill accordance with his 
tastes, wfcich w-re generiillv sordid. A niunh 
more ptoiable storv was that he was buried in 
tho same coat he wore when he lirst came lo 
the .State. 

/;. ./. /'ors'o;/, .ticoni— TbelaleDal.-iol .'laray 
invested a largo part of his wealth in real es- 
tate in the Second Pistrict, and this invi ~T.,cnt 
of his, oirinR to ita amount and thi^ liol'.n- i;-ir- 
.soed by Mr. Macay, was » gr=»' "... ' .tv •.'. 
that portion of tbo t'-ity. It --• - > ■ i - , •■<. 
because he refii-ed to cxc" i i ir 

pair.s; because all of thi 1 ■. ' : .1 

Hocjn aseiimod an old and tt-.n; : 
nnc.?, very much ia accordance v, i;;:i .Mr. I ■ ...\ / .•<: a 
uv.ii tlireadbaro raimtmt. Uptjn all of the 

'be strt€t"np-n j 

prinarea owoefl by him bis tlile? h 

curse, fiis pr.Jlcy af;tc;-:d tlie pr..i 

Tihi bacl tbe misfortnae to own r- : 

tLo &:ima part of the city. Hon-t; 

iiistiafl (,f increa;!!;.T ia vrIhp. 1 

cinil w9-» bmir np m ftn oppofiil 

whjf was then itstenJeucT. The 

which Le lived c-aaed, 

desirable (or rcpidtci'es, and from beinp on.; of ! 

the uiost fHShionaole in the cit-y, has ever einec i 

been the home lor outcasts. 

Jir. H'arrru S o -r, sivorrt— Resides on Can^l, 
nenr ClaiborDe. Witnc;? wss called upiD to -it 
tend Mr. Dulzel Mn--.-i -'-r' fpie refoiB his re- 
tirement from tl:'- ■ ■■-■•lenca ho had 
pnrchased in Pc>;! > : - -b. l."pon bis 
leaviui; thecitvM- • h:m bid wile 
and R servnot of h : :■ . : ; rl named I'.-o- 
ECrpine. The eirl baj l.ftn biousht up to the 
bu-iness of ft odTeusf , as 1 had subsequently 
reason to a^cevtjin, and this ostensible proles- 
tioo pbe bad made to cover thai^ of a prcciirf ss. 
Her reputation as an intruipante or eo-''etive''n 
wiiH no'orious. Once at Macay'e house, in 
I'oiiite Coupee, che bsd eneceeded, without 
uiuih efloit, in supplanting her mistress. The 
poor woman, who hao always suffered retnorso 
lor navintf inarr.ed tbe brother of her forruer 
husoano, nnable to erdnre indifference, nei-iect 
and the af pnration from h«T friends, pined awsy 
and was ultimstely removed from & lite, which 
hf d become nnend'orable. bv death. 

JVan'.- W.7i/wf >■, s"-«r,_The late Mr. Macay Tfas 
reRarded with a crtst deal of indifinatioa by 
the people of Point Coupee pariah, becaiu^o of 
his opeuly allowiDS hi? miatreas to auccetd to 
the piece of his wife. What added to this feel- 
ing was. that contrary to ai! precedent a lesiti- 
niate child was allowed to remain nnder the 
Rirl Proserpine's control. The latter hc-r.^elf the mother of ctildren by Macay. Hin 
him^o was so little visitr-rt alter the death of bis 
wife, and he had so much lost in caste, that not 
many knew which of his children had beenboni 
in wedlock. 

ir. 11". Wafhhumr—ls a. photographer at 113 
Canal street, renombere to have seen tbe de- 
ceased a week before bii death, who came to 
the gallery cf witness in company with a much 
younger woman, by whom he seeired much jn- 
fluenced. The old man then seemed in his 
dotaso, and his idea appeared to be that a lull 
Icn.^'th porirait was to' be executed from the 
dasueireotype to adorn some publiu building 
atier his death. 'Witness remembers the circum- 
stance perfectlv because tbo picture was one of 
the firot ever " taken iu tbe State, and because 
the bill was never paid. 

JiiiJrc Thcf. J. Coo^c-j, .'"roni— 'Was Hving in 
the same parish with Jlr. Macay as a boy, when 
it was ooe dav announced tliat the old man had 
died puddenlv ia bed. Jlacav was well ad- 
• vail red in vears. his aftendnot pb-fU.ian 
s-asv !■,.'■ i:,'- m: ■ .■: -.^ ;:■ \. . r ■'!,. IN fore 
111- 1- :■■. . . . . : , . ■■,•■.,,' Mirial 

?;rai cf a will. The following were the thre" 
-[positions made, according lO the submitted 
let of F. Zacharie, of counsel for the prosecu- 

i. A life inieiest in a larce thrfc-efory brick 
manaioD at the crrner of 8t Peter and Basin 
streets, valued at f 15.0PO, was bequeathed by 
Macay to ilie bair-drejeer, his Morganatic 
widow. The house was to revert to bis daugh- 
ter after death. [According to Ci.Sheriff Tom 
Parker, afeeliBg of regard for the memorv of 
tne faiher alter his death, and which ho had 
never shewn for lnmseU while living, pieveuied 
the danahter Kurydice from claiming thia 
fc.-tata after it had lapsed. Pistber ttian expose 
tlie past life of her faiher, the title to the honee 
afJer tbe death of Macay was not quesMoued] 

II. .\n annuity upon his fortune of $.1000 he 
left to his legitimate daughter Eur-saice. This 
sum was to be paid out of the residue of his 
es'a-6 by his eeneral executor. 

JIl. I he remaiDiDG portion of bis fortune, 
and which in the popular estima'ion had swollen 
to a giginfic bulk-, was ostenoibly set apart for 
the fonndmg of a charitable institution. In his 
will, relatintr to this eleemosynary iaetitntion, 
Macay had entrusted (the first instance of con- 
fidence mentioned in hi« career) I be nanase- 
mc-ot of b!5 wealth into tbe bauds which, as the 
result ehoived. wfre the least capable of deal- 
ing Donesily with it. 

A peculiarity of the will was that in case any 
legal difficulties were discovered in the execu- 
tion of the last bequest, tbe property was to 
revert to his dauehtfr. But tho will was so 
drawn that It appeared certain that such diffi- 
culties would aiise, from tbe face of it. One 
very natural supposition was that old Macay, 
with tbe cunnins of an old man, in his dotage, 
had amused himself by wishing to appear 
benevolent npon bis death bed. He had naiural- 
Iv calculated (so many reasoned) that bis pro- 
perty (in accordance with express State statue 
and the defect already mentioned) would roaia 
into his daughtei's hands just the same as it no 
such proviaon had been made. 

Mf cay's calculation would have proved tme. 
(if the "supposition was well founded,) bad his 
daughter, after his death, insisted upon being 
put in possession of her rights. Through resoect 
for the charitaole nature of the bequest, no such 
strncrgle was attempted. 

So much for tho disposal of the fortune bv 

According to tbe Btatements of Mf'srs. 
Thomas IS. 61oo, I'rqnhart, Burnpido and Thos. 
A. Adams.when the nephew of Macay (Corazon 
was bis name) canin to examine into the afl'airs 
of tho estate, a much larger schedule of debts 
were filed than bad been ever dreamed of. 
Secondly, some of the legal cnmiilicationa into 
which the cstato bad fallen bad consumed a 
portion of it. Added to this, tho most valuable 
portion of his lauds appeared to hav.3 been 
transferred before his death, though no receipts 
or representative money could be found to ac- 
count for the deficiency. 

As his character was known to have beem no-- 

torionsly miserly the opinion soon went abroad 

that; his'treasure had beep secreted before bis 

i death, i^iil! Corarnn, his neiHir-iv r-.d trustee, 

I r.e'.' 

tion oi'hio property a! 

in tho , apecch-maKing, por 

qnenHv abandoned for some cbviona defect in 
the pliin-c or nr.hpalihnifss in \...? f ituation se- 

iion had lie eTcnressccI him self a^ B:iti9ficcl 
There cLo option bad b:iOD Iptt to him ; he hid 

■ i.clricttd hiniself thr^.n-hniit each aCair3 

partj- who re^:tTTed Lia tire end wiij e=caDed the 
ilrsr Phot with the life of his antsponiat in his 
Iti iije nrc-jfjt insliij.-", r'ordoro's appnijf-rt 

N. Ogd, 

;„-h the heart 

;al Kile, in si i c vt hi 

and -I 
of t< 

pd in 9, 

for tomici'iiua 

his pcrHon t 
traveler v.ith 
dentcnve bin 

jiLC the niothtr cr 

IHKR K.M.uino? 

lH-ie,i auj lalk-J of. Vpon no i)i 

of in the three vravs referred to ; tbat is id any, 
tbat. the coi'/fVii.'t' tad icouireil iTalucble por- 
tion— ilie I'ni'slco for cliantable n-cs liai Re- 
counted for tbe lion's Bh»re vritljout opvosuion, 
Slid a tb-rd part bnd {,'on6 to tbe riglitlal heir to 

bcrlnst niarriaKc, a new 
he matiPrhya lar^e be- 
en tro fioni a debit r of 
i 1- I- 'lited, a? an act 
of 1 

About tbe ti 

ilacay, and who v, ■ -.i i i- 

of coubCiPitc-. i: .' r 

risMlv rlue Jlac t ,.>' : This beoncat 

ii-!ected that n,.' ; - !.• . f- - ,. ' le dis.iosed of 

in ibe mauner piovjutu i'lr i.v :.isi av m hia will. 

a'l'- eff-ct of tuu bequest, if carried ont, 
w .n'd he to transfer the Uud donated (noi? be- 
<onie of preat voliv) to Corn/on, lor the chari- 
table oL>jei.t already spoken of. A natural er.p- 
pipjrion Wii3 ihi't Ibe charitable object would 
not be mnch more advanced nu'ier the last leg- 
acy than it had hpcn under the firet. N-vc-rtbf. 
Ices, a cNim for the whole heqiies'— daily be- 
coming of increpsiiis value— wsBprotuptlv iiiter- 
ro=cd hy CoraZ'<n, the nephew &ijil tl'-eniosjna- 
ly iiuete-'. 

Meaiiwh'I<i the lime had paesed with Enrvdice 
vli»n conaideratione fortitfcfr the repu'ation 
ot f er istlier or of her onu wore etronf; etruiib 
to irpvcnt her from f.s^f^r'iuf; her ri^^UI.'!. What 

^a« t'le fa;t that the m- 
1 -r'p will had in 
i. In case she 
otTered anv redi-tance. or did not observe mience, 
■a threat . f de -laring her matriaKes polygamous 
was lioldiy niide. 

Thtia oiisinaterl tbe suit which baa eug^fsfed 
this papo'-, and after v bat has been faid of tbe 
lit'S&ntd it will not ppptar singular that dia- 
closuies of tbe most etaitlinj,' character were 
ni ide upon both eidc-a. 

it was idierablv pell shown on one hand, by 
Ihe eyidtnce ot I1r. Delery, ];:ricl;el! and 
f;rawoonr, that old llacs- had been poisoned at 
hiadearh, and tb.- wri^ht rf etrun- .-u-iMci m 
was made to rest cr- i; : ■ ;. ■ -rr - - ... i .'i - ; I ■;-. 

thed hfr bi 




who hrtd nieauiTbilc bad the prope 
etcretiy to his own name and use. 

On the other hand, it was contended that 
Furvdice was the illegitimate child of old 
Ma-.>v; iliat vhe had been trf>atfd by her lather 
iinriig lii» life upon the same footing with 
ill -(■ I'liililren wbo were lo.iwn to ho lUegiti- 
luatr: ;;;.i tiuif. eo far frnm !■, iu:; mi'ilfd to 
Uili-i^l !•.■ , ■ v.< . -' :,. -■ . .1 ...rved 



li of JI 
••gb li'e- 
8, all nio 
to be 
Clancy P, 



had be-n 
ad unired be 
les^e badiv ass 
iiined, and 
.1, r?rnd„.-t;v,= 
snewrtr. be 

jrtc-d BDd difii- 
the fortune in 
of nothiug hat 



'■, ■.'■! 

a wo7 

cot in comb 
an's slrrngt 



. fpoii the arrival here of Bailer, both mother 
and di' lighter left the city, at the time when a 
larg > I ortion of the popii lation emigrated. Dif. 
hciilliea and oomplicalioije occurred in Ifaviag, 
and o;e of tbe Koasippir.g nimora of the dav 
was, tbLt the lionorofii.e daughter, DiiDne', 
h?.d bien comDromiecd with a Federal otlicer, 
or ai'li ip.c notoriins .Jolia M.ilcre. 

Th- euir, however, h.irl been too thoronghlv 
grounded and the sum involved too largo to 
admi" CI any stay in the procee-linr.s I' gain- 
ed iu inleusity in spite of the wauing etrengttt 
and iscrc5sing old age of Tur^dce, and vot' 
even death itself, it aoppured, c uld etav i^ in 
itsprcgress. The mother and danght.='r h°.d 
been meanwhile aorcetiuK-e seen in large Mwii3 
about w.;ll known ho'eij, Cgitring in dubious 
■ ilighr society, no ono kiio«i"g'iu what wf.v 


^hsi.9ted, and ev 

ring a gr 

many dreadful rumors, which each day gained 

One of^thise waa that tbe money realized 
from a lair, and witB which she had been en- 
trnaied to carry from one ciiy to .inother, had 
be-n mys'eriously lost, and another was that 
nhe had actually been canpbt with her hind in 
the po"ket of a suitor at the m'jiuoQt when, 
upon h:s knfes, he was oiionng his heart and 
hand. Finally, Ihe diiiighior's name CDanae) 
ceased to be mentioned at all, and poor Eury. 
dice, overwhelmed at what she saw was Uanae's 
ruin, oeaiicd to care for tb3 snif. and wis slowly 
sinking in toe grave, ^■evertheles3 Eurvdice 
rnidined the dangbtcr of a man who hr,d"died 
profioerous and rich, and so the dreadful suit 
dragged on. 


But tbe end of all tbmee comes at last. Their 
pre.= niiD3 honors have ordered m the Supreraa 
Court that judtrment shall bo entered up, and 
this fiat of the Oonrt of last appeal still stands 
as writtcD. Eurydice and her daughter Danao 
have won. 

Tut the first naoaed plsintiff, who theortti- 
n!'-- 1,1 hfifn precfut in court for so niEDV 
' ■• • ■"•'. thotime, in point of fact, absent 
I .■ : 'j'slis of iustice. 

1. i.-i dead, it Wds several months bo- 

ro ;;..( she had expired in obscurity and 

For the actual plaintiff (Danae) as ancli, has 
never any actual exi.-jtcuce. She hardly 
remembers that it was ii.stitu'oj manv vears 

her 1 


vers. Still 
, after tri- 

: has con- 
ell to know 

. and ainon-' 

wortu v.biie to cooi'. . ' 
the suit ha^ been v,o 
umphiGg over oth. i .:, 
thlR al...o. Kow tb.i'. I.-. , 
ferred upon Danae wealth, 
where she la to be found. 

Upon setting a-out the wo-k of dis.'ovcrv.tho 
task doci Diit appear so ci.-v. Ihe detectives 
r- o-t '■.- . :ol li, :.i,.! . ,. ; r- . ,.._■:■ at fault. 
■- :••■;,■'■... ■...rhcol^.to 

; (Irnnkaml 
:i ; had been 
o;![ile ofpoliC'j 
' liair streani- 
oin the station 
frou therein 

ijel. iuiiaehas 

■.vlio liaiu 30 eloc[._ieiitly ■lufended her case, 
to th. fxact locality where Macay'3 heiress 

Tlir liour bappciii lo be midnight as he 
jlarts out as guide lov his partv, and the 
road iliat the vi_-itor,~ traverse 'leads past 
tli« ■■ lireen-trce,' '■Shoemakers," "Stock- 
lioiin, '' and similar well-known public 
houses. Finally he pauses in front of a 
ho;l^c■ wjienco the rude scrains of an orches- 
tr:;, iutormi.xeJ with the shuttling of feet^ 
oonrsc love ditty's, curses and exeorations 
proceed. The place sought is the paradise 
')f thieies and desjieraie characters of every 
natioiiality, who are turning day into night, 
or rather turning everything "into pande- 
monium. The roughest class of river raen, 
sailors and the fioalir.g population of the 

■!:r-!;roat? — tlie .= eii,.i ^ir' ■ very nation — are 
ii'" ■■ holilii ;^' high e irii' '. li and revel, and it 
riMjiiir.- ,; charge uf ihe j.olice to effect an 
■■niraaee. Is ilie parly aanied Danae— and 
w!ir. is better known bv half a dozen .<iliases 

— in? Yes. she is in. Let the distinguished 
■visitors step forward. They are just in 
time. Another moment would have, per- 
haps, been too late. 

i'or there, stretched in the centre of the 
floor, with her mouth filled witii bloody 
foam, and bh'cding at the no-trils, lies the 
I wretch they have been seeking, in spite of 
i a fever with which .she had been almost 
i delirious, she had insisted upon le.-vingher 
j bed, and in Sj.ite of disease and of the fact 
: ttat she had not drawn a sober breath for 
I mouths except when under arrest, she had 
I insisted upon making her appearance. She 
I has fallen, gasping and dying, upon what 
i was the principal scene of her 'infamous 
: labors, and cannot now tell or does not 
I know -n'hat is the matter. She can only 
I moan and press her hands upon her breast, 
! while the life-blood saturates her dress. 

The distinguished visitors know not ho-w 
; to act — they can only occupy the stall of 
the musicians, and the only use that the ill- 
: gotten fortune of -Macay to his last sur- 
I viving heir, is purchasing aroiowood oolfiu 
I for the use of one who, while living, had 
I earned her bread by iirostitution and crime. 





12 - « UNIOH STREET, - » 12 
NEir OiiLEANS, La. 

A fi'.U alock of Portable Engbu's, Cotton Gins and Plantation 
Machinery conianthj on hand : for sale for cash or approved paper, at 
lowest possible prices. 

Ciel my <-i^ti uiu t <>- l>oI<.ii; UnsJiiy: olsiowliovf. 


(Sucl•■■^^or to V. P. DUCONO;,') 
1.11/ l)f ,ilrr hi Irruih clljrl 

5ri!t\^, (Hf'^"'^'^'^^^' i''^'"?'^"^'^^!!? i^'^^^'^UH'^i^^'^^^'*^^' 


*va."^A:^i:/''''.j :(r^:rUv. '-^'^ 

o 1" x^ J e li: 



CASH CAPITAL PAID UP. - - - - - $250,000. 

HENRY PEYCK.'iUD, Presidsr.i, 
LOUIS BAEKSTT, Se^reir.rv. JNO. I. ADAilS, Vice President. 

T> 1 It TZC:'r(t II.'-; s 

ro//.Y / .-iDAAfS. M. i.. .\-Al'RA. F.. LABORDE, 




il-N, ),, , ,. , ~ C.A.SLOCOMB, ) T„ r„„„ 1 

' W,eiiiT,il iMrtnors. , ,, a,,-,,.niMM' M" Couimeudiiic 

(Sitrrr.s/.or.t to Sf.OCOMll. li.lLUUiy S- CO.) 

7-1 (Vina! Street, and 1)1, 1):'; k 95 Cuiiimoii St., 

.AdjoininH City Hotel, 




Tiii\\-;u.'. L'niius. Oils, 

HI;ii-L"Miiii!!>' ;i!i!i Ciirii'-n't'is" TfloU, ,\<,n1ciilliir;il Inipleniciils. 

BtA.iL:fio>i.r> BXJE'5>r.iES. etc 




iliillS, m 

Bronzes, Clocks, Cutlei^y 

m }!mi 



Largest Miwufacturers in the World of 

€kn\ Canal aihcl Eorjal Streets^ 




MrCRA('!;E]\ & miEWSTEl^ 

i>3^al:eti!-j iiv 



M;miir;i('i(iiT, Co!-. DiThiu'iiv am! {'iisfoiiilioiisr, 


I '/■■( 


) ' . .'.'I 


Wholesale and Retaii Dealer in Clothing, 

JTafs, Boots, Shoes, Ft(vnis]iini! Goods, Bic. 

Orner Daup]T[iD.e \xiv\ ljipnAallt> Sts., - New Oiieaus. 

Orders for Country .\[erc!.,-ints iiroin[itly exeL-iilod on most reasonable terms. 



7o OrlcfDis Street, hot. Dairj^Jthic and Bnrfjuiidif, 


Fitting up Sugar Houses, Breweries, Printing Offices, Etc, Etc. 

.i,J- Keiniirin- of Pui.ips, J'r.-.isw luiJ Maehi.iiTV of evoiy Pe.-criiition.-Sai 


Whole ■^ ALE GrBxiCERs^ 
Wines niid Li([Ui)rs^ "'"kIxosof ^festeni Prodiico. 

for. Old t,pv(o ami Bionvillo Sts., yjClV OliLr.AyS. 

No. r>n Did Lrrrr St., Corner of Bicncil/c, 


.•i.\7) iMPoinr.!: or all ki.\[.s oy 
Havana Gigars, Clicwing Tobiieco axicl Pipes. 



?rsnc£i, Er:£'i:h, G;rnaa and An:or;::,an \Va'-;:, far City and CoM-.ry '^'rade. 




I. C. LEVI, 

. N"o. 1.08 CAJSTAL STREET, i 

Of the llicU Belected Stock of 


N. B. Special Attention to Watch Repairing and Diamond Settins, 

T. H o ^-T e: A^ o o., 
01(1 I^ a Bill liiriiibt?!'^ X'lircl, 


Flodrinn;, rciliii,!;-, Slieh, '\Vt'alheii)0;ir(Ii!i,'j,-. 'Waliiut, Malio;;-:iiiy, 

AX J) j-(ii'].,n; AJAYArs ox jiaxd. 

luriiMii.-, I', OrnniiiHiilal ajj.I Plain Sinln? ti) or<i.T All oniprs pv.iniptly att.-iilfil to 

<)ll'ri\ con. TOULOUSE aiKl rUAXKLIX STS. 

/ i i 

t.! I J, ti r 7 \ 1 J 1 I \j 1 J m i>j 4.S 
Ki> D(l VI! Iropriftor HE>ni H JIIKHFLI stii,i IHnaspr. P (.II,4>^0^, Treas 

Tin II il ]it Th^-itre tho r ort of t le Culture tocI lulpllie'-n e of Southcra Society THE 
oLIi 1)1 I hi 111 NfW IJI LEJlN^ i> no« if ufir 111 ^ a. jn ol 1 Ti- 7j -nitli a Lumjnuj com 
f n in; -■ me of t\u. hi it latent in titr Z nttert !statc'> 

Tie Foreniost Stars of ENGLAND ANB AMERICA, will appear in rapid sucocssiori. 

*«" Performances Every Evening During tlie Week, and Fainily ""Sa 

Matinet! Saturday Koon. 

For Fvxrther r-nrticialars See Day Bills. 


3?LA.Cir>E CANOICG-E, - - - JMansiger. 

Opiiam of Uie Proa, 
Mx. PlacitiR Cnnonge, who ha3 suoct'eded by apostolic aurcession to the seats occupied in 

A constant surcession of LEAPIXG COMEDIANS .aud TRAGEDIANS, and tbi 
most Celebratfd Theatrical Novelties constantly engaged for its Boards. 


ax .A-Ociov^iEasjs .TB^v^i: 1^ -jr £i j^rr xj n. 30 ^a. "v . 

*5" Tasteful K CLptiin aiic! iJr ing room for I idies anJ Ltullren ■=£» 

13 1 b e ;:"T & a t r 6 5., 

Cot: Pet-dido and Baronne Stretts. 

[. 1vIU"TT{TJ()0:K, - - • Lessee o 11(1 M;i 11 ;i fit 

Entirely new furni.=lied, re-arranged and adaptt-d to the most modern nciiuiro- 
lents o'' the sta^e. The most handsomely furnished and easiest of access or 

Dnrin^ the lease of the ]iresent niS}iaggr, no expense or outlay •will be spared 
> the I'lijas-euioni of Leading- Stra=, Brilliant aiid DazviinEj Troupe?, footlight 
o\e!;ii-f, to add to the anm.-enitnt of pleasure seekers iii the Crescent City. 




n .; I f^<"