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After reading Colonel Chippindall's Memoirs of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Samuel Gledhill, and the late Mr. Jackson's 
article on the Richmond Family, it struck me that it might 
be interesting if I were to try and piece together some 
further notes on our family history, and the outcome of this 
idea is embodied in Notes on our Family History. 

These notes make no pretence to any originality. I have 
simply strung together information which I have acquired 
from various sources ; the idea which has been in my mind 
is that the information which I have got together might be 
of interest to a considerable number of people, not only in 
the present, but in the future. 

In all cases when it has been practicable to do so, I have 
stated from what sources my information has been derived. 

If it had not been for the original research of Colonel 
Chippindall these notes could never have been compiled. 

I am indebted to Sir Matthew Hale, and to Whitaker's 
Craven, for a great deal of my information about the Clifford 
family : about the Richmonds to the late Mr. Jackson, F.S.A., 
and also to Mr. Jackson for some information about the 


Lowthers. Colonel Chippindall has kindly supplied practi- 
cally all the information about the Gledhills, Armstrongs, 
Baynes, and Higgins. The Yerburgh information I have 
got together myself, but I have got a great deal of 
information about the Yorkshire Yarburghs from the Rev. 
C. B. Robinson's History of the Priory and Peculiar of 
Snaith. The information about the Percies and the Barony 
of Gillsland is derived from the Encyclopcedia Britannica 
and Ferguson's History of Cumberland. 

SKELETON PEDIGREE showing the descent in the 
Female Line of the Family of Yerburgh of Woodfold 
Park, Lancashire, and Freeby, Leicestershire, etc., 
from the House of Clifford. 

I. Richard Fitzponce, temp. Richard i. 

2. Walter de Clifford, temp. Henry ii. = Margaret, daughter of Ralph de Toney 

3. Walter de Clifford, temp. John. 

Agnes, daughter and heiress of Roger de 
Cundi, CO. Lincoln. 

4. Roger de Clifford, temp. Henry 11 

5. Roger de Clifford. 

SiBiLL, daughter of Robert de Ewyas. 

6. Roger de Clifford, temp. Henry in 
and Edward i. 

Isabel, eldest daughter of Roger de Vipont, 
Lord of Westmorland. 

7. Robert de Clifford, Lord of West- 
morland. Inq. anno 8 Edward 11. 
No. 62. 

Matilda de Clare, daughter and sole 
heir of Thomas de Clare, ' nobilis viri 
Senescalli Forestias de Essex.' 

8. Robert de Clifford, junior, son of 
Robert de Clifford, Lord of West- 
morland, died 20 May 18 Edward in. 
Inq. No. 50. 

Isabel, daughter of Maurice, Lord Berke- 
ley of Berkeley Castle. She died 36 
Edward ill. 


Roger de Clifford, second son of 
Robert de Clifford, Lord of West- 
morland, died 13 July 13 Richard 11. 
Inq. No. 14. 

10 Thomas de Clifford, son and heir of 
Roger de Clifford, Lord of Westmor- 
land, died abroad 15 Richard 11. 
Inq. No. 17. 

John de Clifford, Lord Chfford and 
Westmorland, died abroad 13 March 
9 Henry v. Inq. 10 Henry v. No. 27. 

12. Thomas, Lord Clifford and Westmor- 
land, born 25 March 2 Henry V. , killed 
at the battle of St. Albans 22 May 
1455, 33 Henry vi. 

John, Lord Clifford and Westmor- 
land, son and heir of Thomas, Lord 
Clifford, killed in battle at Ferrybridge, 
Edward iv. Inq. 4 Edward iv. 
No. 52. 

Matilda, daughter of Thomas Beauchamp, 
Earl of Warwick, died 4 Henry IV. 
Inq. No. 37. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas, Lord 
Roos and Hamlake, died 26 March 
2 Henry VI. Inq. No. 30. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Percy 
(Hotspur), son and heir of Henry, Earl 
of Northumberland. She died 16 Oct. 
IS Henry vi. Inq. No. 55. 

Joanna, daughter of Thomas, Lord Dacre 
of Gillesland. 

Margaret, only daughter and heiress of 
Henry Bromfiete, Lord de Vesey. 

[4. Henry, Lord Clifford and Westmor- 
land, son and heir of John, Lord 
Chfford, died 23 April 15 Henry viii. 

[5. Dorothy Clifford, daughter of Henry, 
Lord Clifford and Westmorland. 

16. Margaret Lowther, daughter of Sir 
Hugh Lowther of Lowther. 

17. John Richmond of Highhead Castle, 
buried at Dalston 29 Oct. 1597. 

Christopher Richmond of Highhead 
Castle, buried at Dalston 15 Feb. 1643. 

ndly, Florence, daughter of Henry Pudsey 
of Bolton, Esq. 

Sir Hugh Lowther of Lowther, temp. 
Henry viii. 

John Richmond of Highhead Castle. Will 
dated 24 Dec. 1574. Buried at Dalston 
18 Jan. 1575. Will proved at Carlisle 
24 March 1575. 

Mary Dalston, daughter of Thomas Dal- 
ston of Udall, buried at Dalston 16 April 

: Isabella Chaytor, daughter of Anthony 
Chaytor of Croft Hall, Yorkshire. Mar- 
ried at Croft 13 April 1613. Marriage 
settlement proved March 1612. Buried 
at Dalston 20 July 1630. 



19. Christopher Richmond of Hicjhhead 
Castle, born 1623, p. Dugdale's Visita- 
tion 27 March 1665. Living 1678. 

Mabel Vaux, daughter and co-heiress of 
John Vaux of Catterlen Hall. 

Christopher Richmond of Highhead 
Castle, bap. at Dalston 12 Aug. 1641. 
Will dated 16 June 1693, proved at 
Carlisle 19 Dec. 1693. 

Isabel Richmond, baptized at Newton 

15 May 1679, died at Whitehaven 

16 Feb. 1727. 

Isabella Towerson, daughter of Thomas 
Reynolds of London, married at Dalston 
18 June 1678. Will dated 13 August 
1737, proved at Carlisle 19 June 1739. 
Buried at Newton 4 June 1739. 

: Samuel Gledhill, colonel in the army. 
Governor of Placentia, born 7 April 

22. Elizabeth Gledhill, died 3 Feb. 
1673, aged 52. Monument in All 
Saints' Church, Cockermouth. 

Deborah Anne Baynes, married in 
Feb. 1781, died at Lancaster 5 May 
1792, aged 42, buried St. Nicholas 
Street Graveyard. 

24. Susanna Armstrong, born 13 Oct. 
1787, married 24 June 1814, died 13 
March 1852, buried in Lancaster 
Parish Churchyard. 

25. Susan Higgin, died 4 Jan. 1861, buried 
at Sleaford, Lincolnshire. Married 

Robert Baynes of Cockermouth, Cumber- 
land, died 21 Aug. 1789, aged 72. Monu- 
ment in All Saints' Church, Cocker- 

John Armstrong of Acrelands, Skerton, 
near Lancaster, died 13 April 1829, 
aged 80. 

John Higgin of Lancaster, born 17 Feb. 
1785, died Oct. 1847. 

Richard Yerburgh, Clerk in Holy Orders, 
born 5 May 1817, died 29 Aug. 1866. 

26. Robert Armstrong Yerburgh, J. P. 
D.L., M.P., born 17 January 1853. 

Elma Amy, only daughter and heiress of 
Daniel Thwaites, Esq., J. P., D.L., of 
Woodfold Park, Lancashire ; Freeby, 
Leicestershire, etc. 

27. Robert Daniel Thwaites Yerburgh, 
Univ. Coll., Oxon., born 10 Dec. 1889, 



To do anything like justice to the history of this great 
family a volume rather than a chapter would be needed. 
Viewed as a whole, that history, from its romantic interest, 
from the strange vicissitudes of fortune it presents, from its 
really national import, is a most remarkable one. 

Long before the martial achievements of the first Clifford 
of Skipton, members of the family had distinguished them- 
selves on the field, and the deeds of these are recorded in 

The first of this ancient family of whom Dugdale takes 
notice was called Ponce, or Pont or Fitz Pont. One of this 
line came over with the Conqueror and acquired Clifford 
Castle in Herefordshire. The first Ponce is represented as 
leaving three sons, Walter and Dru, considerable landed 
proprietors in the Conqueror's survey. 

Richard Fitzponce, a personage of rank in the time of 
Richard i. and a liberal benefactor to the Church. This 
Richard left also three sons, of whom the second, Walter, 
having obtained Clifford Castle in Herefordshire with his 
wife Margaret, daughter of Ralph de Toney, a descendant 
from William Fitzosborn, Earl of Hereford, by whom the 
castle was erected, assumed thence his surname and became 

Walter de Clifford. This feudal lord was in influence 


in the reign of Henry ii. From very early times the 
CHffords were custodians of the Castle of York, whence one 
of its ancient towers is known as Clifford Tower. They 
also claimed the right of bearing the city sword on the 
occasion of a royal visit (vide Progresses of King James /., 
vol. i. p. 78). This Walter de Clifford left at his decease 
two sons and two daughters : 

Walter, his heir. 

Richard, from whom the Cliffords of Frampton in 
Gloucestershire descended. 

Rosamond, so well known as * Fair Rosamond,' the 
celebrated mistress of Henry 11., by whom she was mother 
of William Longespee, Earl of Salisbury. For this lady the 
monarch caused to be constructed the famous labyrinth at 
Woodstock, and he is said to have presented her with a 
cabinet of such exquisite workmanship that the devices upon 
it, representing champions in combat, moving cattle, flying 
birds, and swimming fishes, seemed as though they were in 
reality animated. At her decease Fair Rosamond was interred 
in the Chapter House of the nunnery at Godstow, and the 
following epitaph placed upon her tomb : 

' Hie jacet in Tumba Rosa Mundi non " Rosa Munda " 
non redolet, sed olet, quae redolere solet.' 

Another account, however, states that her memory and 
remains were treated with obloquy after the death of her 
royal protector. In 1191 it is said that Hugh, Bishop of 
Lincoln, visited Godstow. Upon his visitation, observing 
in the church, near the high altar, a hearse covered with 
silk and surrounded by numerous burning lights, demanded 


an explanation, and being informed that it contained the 
remains of * Fair Rosamond ' (whom King Henry so dearly 
loved and for whose sake he had been a munificent bene- 
factor to the house, having conferred large revenues for the 
maintenance of these lights), the indignant prelate exclaimed, 
* Hence with her ! the king's affection was unlawful and 
adulterous — remove her from this sacred edifice, and bury her 
with other common people — that religion be not vilified, and 
that other women be deterred from such abandoned courses.* 
Lucia, married first to Hugh de Say of Richards Castle, 
and, secondly, to Bartholomew de Mortimer. 

Walter de Clifford was succeeded by his elder son, Walter 
DE Clifford, of whom an historian says : 

* Walter de Clifford (a Baron of the Marches of Wales), 
for enforcing an officer (whom he had otherwise handled 
badly) to eate the kings writ, waxe and all, ran so farre into 
the kings displeasure thereby, that while he lived he was 
made the less able to feede himselfe paying to the king a 
very great summe of money, and hardly escaping without 
confiscation of his whole patrimony.' 

It seems certain, however, that this Walter de Clifford 
spent his last years in the enjoyment of his sovereign's full 
confidence. He died in 1264. He married Agnes, only 
daughter and heiress of Roger de Cundi, Lord of the Manor 
of Covenby and Glentham in the county of Lincoln, by 
Alice his wife. Lady of Horncastle, daughter and heiress of 
William de Cheney, lord of those manors in the Conqueror's 
time, by whom he had issue Walter, Roger, Giles and Richard. 
He was Sheriff of Herefordshire in the i, 8, 9, and 17 John. 
He was succeeded by his eldest son, 


Walter de Clifford. This feudal lord held a high 
place in the estimation of King Henry iii., until the rebellion 
of Richard Mareschal, Earl of Pembroke, when, taking part 
with that nobleman, his lands were confiscated and himself 
outlawed. The royal displeasure, however, did not endure 
for any length of time, for we find him soon afterwards 
restored to the Castle of Clifford, and during many sub- 
sequent years of the same reign enjoying the full confidence 
of the Crown. At the Coronation of Queen Eleanor, consort 
of King Henry, he claimed, with the other barons marchers, 
as 'jus marchae,' to carry the canopy which belonged to 
the Barons of the Cinque Ports. This Walter de Clifford 
married Margaret, daughter of Llewelyn, Prince of Wales, 
and widow of John de Braose, by whom he had an only 
daughter and heiress, 

Maud, who married, first, William de Longespee, Earl of 
Salisbury, and, secondly. Sir John Clifford of Brimsfield. 

Walter de Clifford died 48 Henry in., when the con- 
tinuation of the male line of the family devolved upon his 
nephew Roger de Clifford. 

Roger de Clifford (son of Roger de Clifford by Sibill, 
daughter and coheiress of Robert de Ewyas, a great Baron 
of Herefordshire, and widow of Robert, Lord Tregoz) who for 
his staunch adherence to Henry iii. was appointed, after the 
victory of Evesham, justice of all the king's forests south of 
the Trent, and obtained at the same time a grant of the 
lordship of Kingsbury, in the county of Warwick, forfeited 
by Sir Ralph de Bracebridge, knight. He was afterwards 
frequently employed against the Welsh. His son was Roger 
de Clifford, who died in his father's lifetime, and was the 


first of his line to have an hereditary connection with the 
north of England. This Roger de Clifford died in 1286. 

Roger de Clifford, his son (who died in his father's life- 
time), married Isabel, daughter and heir of Robert de Vipont, 
Lord and Hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland, by which 
marriage Brougham Castle came to the Cliffords. He was 
the first of his family to acquire an hereditary connection 
with Westmorland and Cumberland. He was renowned for 
his valour and skill in the wars of Henry ill. and Edward I. 

This Clifford met his death in 1283 in a struggle with the 
Welsh. The scene of this conflict was the Snowdon 
mountains. 'The Welsh,' says an historian, 'slew the 
Lord William de Audley, and the Lord Roger Clifford the 
younger, and got fourteene ensigns from the English Army ; 
King Edward being enforced to enter into the Castle of Hope 
for his safetie.' Stow speaks to the same effect. Robert de 
Clifford, the first Lord of Skipton, was son of this Roger. 



Robert de Clifford of Appleby, Lord of Westmorland, 
and the first of his name to be Lord of Skipton, must 
have been born about the year 1274. The situation 
of the Clifford estates on the borders of Wales, the 
military character of his family, the unsettlement of the 
times, forced him into an active, strenuous life. He 'was 
only nine years old at the death of his father, and about 
thirteen at the death of his grandfather Roger, a long 
lived and famous baron in the reign of Henry iii. and 
his son. 

Edward i. had a great opinion of his capacity, and as war 
was natural under such a king, he soon found him employ- 
ment for his martial energies, and at the age of nineteen he 
showed himself to be a man of affairs and of singular military 

When Edward i. lay dying at Burgh on the Sands in 1307, 
he summoned three of his most trusted barons to his bedside, 
and administered to each in turn a solemn oath to secure the 
succession to the Prince of Wales. The names of the chosen 
three were Henry de Percy (whose son Henry, ninth Baron 
de Percy, married Idonea, daughter of Robert, Lord Clifford 
of Appleby), Aylmer de Valence, and Robert de Clifford. 
This trust was faithfully carried out, for he joined Lancaster 


in putting Piers Gaveston to death, ' for which transgression,' 
Dugdale remarks, * he had his pardon.' 

The following details will give some idea of the position 
he occupied and the offices he held under Edward i. In the 
twenty-fifth year of his reign he was appointed Governor 
of Carlisle, to oppose the attacks of the Scots, and he 
acquitted himself with much courage and ability. In the 
same year he appointed him chief justice of his forests beyond 
the Trent. At the several Parliaments held in the 28, 30, 
32, 34 Edward i., and twice in i Edward 11., and twice more 
m 6 Edward 11., he was summoned as one of the peers 
of the realm. Edward 11. in the first year of his reign 
appointed him Earl Marshal of England. Edward li. also 
granted to him and his heirs the Castle of Carlaverock in 
Scotland, and all the Maxwell lands attached thereto, and 
all the lands of William Douglas (probably among others 
Treves Castle near Castle Douglas) ; but the lands being in 
Scotland and not easy to hold, and the declaration of peace 
would make his tenure insecure, he was unwilling to 
attach too much importance to these debatable gifts, so in 
the beginning of the reign of Edward 11. he cast his eyes on 
a very desirable possession, within reach of the Scottish 
border, and this property was the Castle and Honour of 

Now for a few words about the family relations of 
this Robert de Clifford. He married Maud, one of the 
daughters of Thomas de Clare and eventually his sole 
heiress. He was Seneschal of the forest of Essex, and by 
her he had two sons, Roger and Robert. At the Battle 
of Bannockburn in 13 14, this Robert de Clifford and 


many of the flower of the English nobihty were slain. 
His body, together with that of Gilbert de Clare, the 
Earl of Gloucester, his near relation and the companion 
of his death, was sent by Robert Bruce to Edward 11. 
at Berwick to be interred, but where he was buried we do 
not know ; according to Whitaker he was probably buried 
at Bolton Abbey. About the burial of his relation Gilbert 
de Clare I shall have more to say later on. 

Robert de Clifford was one of the four knights of Aylmer 
de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, whose portraits are painted 
on the magnificent tomb of their lord in Westminster 
Abbey. But the traces of these curious figures are now very 

Robert de Clifford (the father) only lived to about the age 
of forty, and was, as we have seen, a person who was eminent 
for his services to his king and country. He seems chiefly 
to have fought against the Scots, and not to have mixed 
himself up much with domestic politics. But he enjoyed 
the confidence and esteem of two kings. He lived an active 
life, and died an honourable death. 

This seems a fitting place to make some remarks on the 
de Clare family, and what must make it especially interesting 
to the Yerburgh family is the fact that Canon Oswald 
Wardell-Yerburgh, as Vicar of Tewkesbury, has for many 
years been the custodian of the graves of the mighty de Clares 
who are buried in the Warwick Chapel in Tewkesbury 

Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford, married, about 1220, 
Amice, who became Countess of Gloucester in her own right 
on the death of her sister, the Lady Isabella. She was great- 


granddaughter of Fitz Hamon, the founder of Tewkesbury 

This Richard de Clare was the ancestor of the Tewkes- 
bury de Clares, a family which held the Honour of Tewkesbury 
for nearly a century. His son Gilbert de Clare married 
Isabella de Mareschal. His name, as also that of his father, 
is among the signatories of Magna Charta, and he was a 
strenuous supporter of the barons against the king. Though 
he died in Brittany his body was brought home, and buried 
at Tewkesbury at the foot of the steps leading up to the 
high altar. In a few months' time his widow Isabella married 
Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry iii. At 
her death she wished to be buried next to Gilbert de Clare, 
but as her husband objected to this she bequeathed her 
heart to the abbey, and this was duly interred in Gilbert de 
Clare's grave. 

Gilbert de Clare bequeathed to the abbey the manor 
called the My the on the Hill, just outside the town, and 
Isabella also left to it many relics, besides vestments and much 
valuable church furniture. On the death of Gilbert de 
Clare his son Richard became a ward of the king. Marrying 
Margaret de Burgh, a daughter of the great Earl of Kent, 
without permission, he incurred the royal displeasure, and 
was eventually forced to divorce his young wife in favour of 
the lady chosen for him. 

He supported the barons against the king, with whom he 
had never been in agreement. In 1262 he died and was 
buried in the abbey. 

His son Gilbert, the second, Rufus or the Red Earl, is 
another well-known figure. Like his father he at first 


supported the barons against the king, but soon after the 
battle of Lewes he took the king's side and fought for him 
at Evesham. Again from pique he deserted him, returning 
to his allegiance once more in 1270. He was buried in the 
abbey in 1295. 

Gilbert de Clare, the third, who was born at Tewkesbury 
in 1 29 1, was perhaps the most famous of the de Clares. One 
of his sisters was the wife of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, 
and he himself though quite a youth was twice chosen by 
Edward 11. to serve as Regent of England in his absence, 
once even before he had attained full age. 

His promising career (as we have seen in our remarks on 
his relative Robert, Lord Clifford) was cut short at Bannock- 
burn in 13 14, and the last of this branch of the de Clares was 
buried in the choir in 13 14, his widow being placed later by 
his side. 

The lordship of Tewkesbury then passed from the de 
Clares, who had held it for ninety years, to Eleanor, Gilbert's 
eldest sister. By her marriage in 1321 to Hugh le Despenser 
the lordship came into the hands of the Despensers. 

We shall see later on how the Yerburgh family again 
becomes connected with the Manor of Tewkesbury by the 
marriage of Roger de Clifford, Lord Clifford, with Maud de 
Beauchamp, daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of 

In a line with the Warwick Chapel are the graves known 
as those of the de Clares. 

The first is a stone with an inscription running round the 
edge in old French, as follows : ' Ci-git Maud de Burgh la 
veuve Comtesse de Gloucestre et Herford qui moriest le 2 


Juliet Tann grace 1315. Nous cherchons celle que est a venir.' 
This slab, which is of large size, covers a well wrought stone 
grave, and must have contained a very handsome brass 
judging by the matrix. The next grave contains the remains 
of the Lady Maud's husband, Gilbert de Clare, the third of 
that name, the tenth Earl of Gloucester and Earl of Hertford. 
Though young in years, he had, as we have seen, a wise head, 
for Edward 11. made him regent when he himself was fighting 
in Scotland, and later again in 1313 when fighting in France. 
Gilbert de Clare, the third, was killed at Bannockburn in 1314, 
and his body was brought from Berwick and was laid to rest 
next to his father. This tablet gives his arms, and the 
inscription runs : ' Gilbertus tertius nomine Gloucestrie et 
Herfordie comes decimus ultimus obiit 23 junii 13 14, proelio 
occisus, Scotus gavisus.' 

The tomb next to this is that of his father Gilbert, the 
second, usually known as the ' Red Earl.' He married 
Princess Joan of Acre, a daughter of Edward i. This earl 
was at first an important figure on the revolt of the 
righteous Earl, Sir Simon de Montfort, but later having 
changed his views and his side, was an important factor in 
his former leader's final overthrow at Evesham in 1265. 
Fragmentary remains only of a cofhn assumed to be his were 
found in 1875. His tablet says : ' Gilbertus Secundus 
cognomine Rufus comes Glocestrie et Hertfordie septimus 
obiit septimo Decembris anno Domini 1295. Vir strenuus 
et fortis cui deerat timor mortis. Ora et Pugna.' 

In the next grave lies Gilbert de Clare, the first who bore 
the double title. His interest to us consists in the fact that 
his seal is one of those attached to Magna Charta, and he 


took a considerable part in the barons' struggles against 
King John. He died in Brittany, but was buried here by 
his own wish. Very little of his coffin remains. The tablet 
to him says : ' Gilbertus de Clare nomine primus comes 
Glocestrie sextus et Hertfordie quintus obiit 25 Octobris 
anno domini 1230. Magna Carta est lex caveat deinde 

The next grave is that of Richard, the second of that 
name, the son of Earl Gilbert. He is usually believed to 
have been poisoned at the table of Peter de Savoy at 
Emersfield in Kent. To his memory a most gorgeous tomb 
was set up in the Lady Chapel, composed of marbles, 
precious stones, mosaic, gold and silver, and bearing a large 
image of the earl in silver on the top. The brass tablet 
says : ' Ricardus de Clare comes Gloucestris septimus et 
Hertfordii sextus obiit 15 Julii, anno que domini 1262. Dum 
petit crucem sic denique petit lucem.' This alludes to his 
having been a crusader. Richard de Clare's entrails were 
buried at Canterbury and his heart at Tonbridge, at which 
place he had founded a monastery of Austin Friars. 

Mr. George Harrison has kindly sent me the following 
pedigree which shows the relationship of Matilda de Clare 
(our ancestress) to the de Clares buried in Tewkesbury 


Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford and 2nd 
Earl of Gloucester, eldest son of Gilbert de Clare, 
5th Earl of Hertford and ist Earl of Gloucester of 
this name, by Isabel, daughter and coheiress of 
William Mareschal, Earl of Pembroke, buried 
28th July 1262, at Tewkesbury Abbey. 

Maud, daughter of John de Lacey, 
Earl of Lincoln. (Marriage 2nd 
Feb. 1237, according to Cock- 

Gilbert de Clare, = 

rJoAX, daughter 

Thomas = 


Rose = Roger 


7th Earl of Hert- 

of Edward i. ; 


daughter of 

de Mowbray. 

= Edward, 

ford and 3rd Earl 

born at Acre 



Earl of 

of Gloucester ; born 

1272; married 

of the 



2nd Sept. 1243 ; 

2nd May 1290 ; 

city of 


died 7th Dec. 1295; 

died 23rd 


buried at Tewkes- 

April 1307 ; 

(Edward I.). 

bury Abbey. 

buried in the 

Priory of 
Stoke Clare. 
CO. Suffolk. 

Slain in 
Ireland 1286. 

declare = 

Gilbert de Clare 

1 1 
Albert. Richard. = 


(buried at Tewkes- 








Thomas, ob. s.p., 
14 Edward 11., 

and a minor. 

Maud = Robert, Lord Clifford 
(Our of Appleby, 

ancestress. ) 

Cockayne says (under Clifford) : — 

' Robert de Clifford, grandson and heir of Roger de Clifford, 
a feudal baron of the coy. of Hereford, etc., received from 
Edward i. the manor of Skipton, co. Cumberland, and Skipton 
Castle, CO. York. He married Maud, second and youngest 
daughter of Thomas de Clare, probably that Thomas who 
was second son of Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford. 
He was slain at Bannockburn 24th June 1314, and probably 
buried with his mother Isabel, daughter and coheir of 
Robert de Vipont of Brougham Castle, Westmoreland, 
Hereditary Sheriff of Westmoreland, in Shap Abbey.' 


Vide extract from lecture by Rev. J. Simpson {Herald and 
Genealogist, vol. i. p. 478) : — 

' Considering the connexion at that time existing between the newly 
built Castle at Brougham and the Abbey of Shap, it is very highly 
probable that the gravestone found on the north side of the chancel, 
incised with a drawn sword (betokening that he who lies beneath died 
in battle) may mark the burial place of Robert de Chfford, slain at 

His widow (Maud de Clare) married Robert de Wells of 
CO. Lincoln before 14 Edward 11., for in that year she was 
found to be by Inquisition heir to her nephew Thomas, only 
son and heir of Richard de Clare, Lord de Clare, being then 
wife of * Robert de Wells.' 

Our ancestress Maud de Clare was therefore the great- 
granddaughter of Richard de Clare, the ' Red Earl,' buried 
at Tewkesbury 1262 : and the great-niece of Gilbert de Clare 
buried at Tewkesbury 1295 : and the first cousin once 
removed of Gilbert de Clare killed at Bannockburn in 13 14 
and buried at Tewkesbury. 

Mr. R. Freeman Bullen has given me this further 
information : 

'The second son of Earl Richard was Thomas de 
Clare. After the battle of Lewes, when he was on the side 
of Simon de Montfort, he was made Governor of St. 
Breavells Castle, co. Gloucester, but his brother Gilbert 
being discontented with Montfort prevailed upon Sir Thomas 
to change sides, and aid Roger Mortimer to deliver the king 
out of Montfort's power, for which he was rewarded 1266 
with the offer of the Governorship of Colchester Castle. To 
this was added the Stewardship of the Forest of Essex in 1267 


(14 May, 51 Henry iii.) Subsequently Sir Thomas went to 
the crusades, returning about 1270. He probably passed 
a good deal of his life in Ireland, for in 1276 Thomas de 
Clare received a grant of Thomand. This is the district 
now known as County Clare. Sir Thomas died in 1286 and 
was buried at Limerick.' 

He was the grandfather of Maud de Clare, our ancestress. 

Robert de Clifford, Third Lord of Skipton, at the 
attainder of his brother was under age, but no property came 
to him, as his mother (Maud de Clare) held the third part 
of the family estates for her dower, and the king, on the 
attainder of his brother Roger, seized the profits of the 
other two parts. As a matter of right and equity the king 
had no power to seize either the honour of Westmorland or 
Skipton as they both descended to this Roger in tail, the 
reversion being in the Crown : at that time high treason did 
not forfeit entailed lands, but in the time of Edward 11. the 
feeling between the king and the barons ran so high, and the 
king had so many needy supporters to propitiate, that, 
having once seized the Clifford estates, he showed no signs 
of respecting the laws of the realm. 

Not many years afterwards Edward 11. was deposed, 
and his son was raised to the throne, chiefly by the efforts 
of the disaffected barons, who were members of the Lancaster 
party. One of the first results of his deposition was that the 
judgment given by Edward 11. at Pontefract against the 
Earl of Lancaster was reversed. There does not appear to 
be any record of the reversal of the judgment against the 
Cliffords, but in the parliament of 4 Edward iii. there was 


a general restitution of the proprety of all that had fought 
at Pontefract with the Earl of Lancaster : and all their 
lands were restored. 

If you have followed me so far you will remember that 
Robert de Clifford (the father) had large grants of lands 
made to him by Edward i. These lands were in Dumfries 
and the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, and belonged to the 
Maxwells and the Douglases, but they w^ere of very little 
profit to the grantee or to his descendants. 

This Robert had, by Isabel his wife, daughter of Maurice, 
Lord Berkeley of Berkeley Castle, three sons, Robert, Roger 
and Thomas. He died 20th May, 17 Edward in. Isabel 
his wife outlived him, and enjoyed during her lifetime the 
castle and manor of Skipton, the annual value of which was 
computed to be £io'j, 15s. gd. She outlived her son Robert 
(who was never seised of the house of Skipton) and died 25th 
July, 36 Edward iii. 

Mr. Horace Round, in an article on some Saxon houses, 
in Peerage and Pedigree, vol. ii. p. 216, says : — 

* We have now examined I believe practically all the 
houses in Burke's Peerage and Landed Gentry which claim 
" Saxon " origin in the sense of possessing a pedigree which 
begins before the Conquest, and we have found their claims 
fail one after another. Is there then no house which can 
justly make that claim ? There is at least one which still 
ranks amongst our great feudal houses, although, as Mr. 
Freeman pointed out, the claim oddly enough is not made 
first by " Burke." This is the historic house of Berkeley, 
which although it did not obtain the lands of Berkeley till the 
twelfth century, is now admitted by genealogists to have a 


clear descent from Eaanoth, who held the office of " Stabler " 
to Edward the Confessor.' 

There is not much to be said about Robert de Clifford. 
In the account of the Dacres of Gillsland his betrothal to 
Margaret de Multon and her elopement with Ranulph de 
Dacre will be found. He rose with the fortunes of Edward 
III., and he recovered the inheritance which his elder brother's 
troubles and misfortunes had lost for a while. He was a 
favourite with both the Edwards of England and Scotland, 
and he made a great match for his young son to a family of 
great power in the North, and died after he had been Lord 
of Skipton in possession twenty-eight years. 

Robert de Clifford, Fourth Lord of Skipton, was 
only thirteen years old at his father's death and was a ward 
of the king. He married Euphemia, daughter of Ralph, 
Lord Nevill, who outlived him, and married secondly 
Sir Walter Heslerton. This Robert, Lord Clifford, died 
before the twenty-fifth year of Edward iii., without issue 
and under age. 

You will notice the marriage of this Robert de Clifford 
with the great family of the Nevills of the North. 

This Robert de Clifford appears to have been a born 
fighter. He early took the field, for before he had reached 
his fifteenth year he fought at Crecy (1346), and it is said 
ten years later at Poictiers. In his account of the former 
battle Spence speaks of * Clifford ' as one of the ' prime and 
sagest captaines ' who commanded. If young Robert is 
meant the compliment is certainly rather an extravagant one. 
As to the date of his death there is disagreement. Some say 


it occurred in 1352, and others in 1357. If, however, he was 
present at the battle of Poictiers he was alive in 1356. It is 
probable that the earlier date is the correct one, and that it 
was the succeeding baron who fought at Poictiers (Dawson, 
Skipton, p. 29). 

Roger, Lord Clifford, Fifth Lord of Skipton. In 
40 Edward lii. the king granted to this Roger licences 
to impark five hundred acres of his own lands in Brenhill 
and Listerfield, in the wood of Calder, within the town of 
Skipton, and to retain the same so imparked to himself and 
his heirs. 

He married Maud de Beauchamp, daughter of Thomas 
de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, by whom he had two sons, 
Thomas, the oldest, whom in his lifetime he married to 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas, Lord Roos of Hamlake, 
and William who died without issue 6 Henry v. 

This Roger at the time of his death was seised of the 
Honour of Skipton, and the king's fees thereunto belonging. 

He died on the 14th of July 13 Richard il. 

Much cannot be said about this Roger because there is 
little recorded about him in history. He lived in the stirring 
times of Edward lil. and of Richard 11., and it appears that 
he was a man of affairs and an active soldier, the differences 
with France and Scotland not suffering men to be idle. In 
the wars of France and Scotland he took an active part. He 
was present in 1350 at the sea-fight near Winchelsea with 
the Spaniards ; in 1356 he was fighting in Scotland, and 
three years later in France. In 1385 he accompanied 
Richard il. in his invasion of Scotland, having a retinue of 


sixty men-at-arms and forty archers. He appears to have 
retained Sir Robert Mowbray for peace and war at ten 
pounds per annum salary. 

It was the way of great nobles in these times to retain 
persons of valour in their employment, which no doubt 
helped to consolidate their own position, and to make it 
more assured, and also made them ready at any time to go 
on active service for their king and their country. 

There are two indentures in existence which prove con- 
clusively that Sir Roger de Clifford retained others besides 
Sir Robert Mowbray, but also that he himself was retained 
by a nobleman of still higher rank. In these times the chain 
of feudal dependence reached from the cottage to the throne. 

It is interesting to notice here how the marriage of Roger 
de Clifford and Matilda de Beauchamp again makes a 
connection with Tewkesbury. On the death of Richard le 
Despenser, Earl of Gloucester, the lordship of the Despensers 
in the male line came to an end after ninety-three years. 
Once again the manor of Tewkesbury passed by the female 
line and into the distinguished family of the Beauchamps, 
with whom Richard le Despenser's sister Isabelle was con- 
nected by her marriage with Richard Beauchamp or Ricardus 
de Bello Campo. He was killed at the siege of Breaux in 
France in 142 1, and his young widow erected the sumptuous 
Chantry chapel known as the Warwick Chapel over his 
remains. She then by special dispensation married her 
cousin, also a Richard Beauchamp, and from henceforth was 
generally known by her new title, the Countess of Warwick. 
On her husband's death at Rouen in 1439, she brought his 


body to England, and had it conveyed to the Beauchamp 
Chapel at Warwick. The widowed countess died in 
December of the same year, but elected to be buried at 

Her young son Henry was a favourite of Henry vi., who 
bestowed most unusual favours upon him, creating him Duke 
of Warwick, and King of the Isle of Wight, and later King of 
Jersey and Guernsey. The young duke, who was married 
to Cicely Nevill, died at the age of twenty-one, and was 
buried in the choir of the abbey. As he left no children 
the manor passed in 1499 to his sister Anne, the wife of 
Richard Nevill, the ' king maker.' All the king maker's 
estates were confiscated to the crown after he fell at Barnet 
in 1 47 1, but were eventually shared between his two 
daughters Isabelle and Anne. Isabelle married George, 
Duke of Clarence, Earl of Warwick and Salisbury, who in 
1477, a few days after Isabelle's supposed death by poison at 
Warwick, was put to death in the Tower. Both were buried 
in the abbey. 

Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick (who was the 
father of our ancestress, Maud de Beauchamp), was the 
third Earl of Warwick in the Beauchamp family : he built 
the Caesar Tower at Warwick Castle. His son was Thomas 
de Beauchamp, K.G., fourth Earl of Warwick, who was the 
father of Richard de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, who 
married Isabelle Despenser who is buried at Tewkesbury. 
This Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, was the founder 
of the Beauchamp Chapel at Warwick, as a mortuary chapel 
for himself and his descendants, and it ranks as one of the 
finest buildings of its kind in the world. Its cost was £2481, 


4s. 7|d. — equivalent to ;^40,ooo at the present day. The 
following pedigree will explain the various relationships : — 

Thomas de Beauchamp, 3rd Earl of Warwick, 
one of the original Knights of the Garter. Born 
at Warwick Castle 1313. Founded the Choir of 
the Collegiate Church of St. Mary, Warwick. 
He died of the pestilence in Calais, 13th Nov. 
1369. Both he and his wife lie buried in the 
Choir of the Church at Warwick. He left seven 
sons and nine daughters (G.E.C. ) 

= His cousin Catharine, 
j daughter of Roger 

j Mortimer, Lord of Wig- 
more, ist Earl of March 

Guy de = Philippa, 

Beauchamp, daughter of 

06. v.p. Henry, Lord 

Ferrars of 


Thomas de Beau- 
champ, 4th Earl of 
Warwick, K.G. 
He died 1401, 
leaving one son 
Richard and four 
daughters, of whom 
three became nuns. 

= Margaret, 

daughter of 




of Groby. 

Maud de = Roger, 
Beauchamp. I Lord 


From whom we 

Richard de Beauchamp, 5th Earl of Warwick, = Firstly, 

K.G. Born 28th January 1381. At battle of Elizabeth, 

Shrewsbury. High Steward of England. daughter of 

Lieutenant-General of France and Duchy of Thomas, 

Normandy. Created Earl of Albemarle for Viscount 

life in 1417. He died at Rouen, 30th April Lisle, 

1439. Was buried under a stately monument by whom 

(inferior to none in England save that of he had 

Henry vii. in Westminster Abbey) in the three 

Collegiate Church of St. Mary, Warwick. daughters. 

Secondly, Isabel, daughter, and 
eventually heiress of Thomas le 
Despenser, Earl of Gloucester, 
and widow of his cousin Richard 
Beauchamp, Earl of Worcester. 
Her mother was Constance, 
daughter of Edmund Planta- 
genet, Duke of York, 5th son of 
Edward ill. 

Henry de Beauchamp, 6th Earl of Warwick, K.G. = Cicely, daughter of Richard 
Created premier Earl of England 2nd April 1444. I Nevill, Earl of Salisbury. 
He died nth June 1445 at his birthplace, Hanley | 
Castle, aged 22. Buried at Tewkesbury. I 

Anne de Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick. Died 3rd January 1449, 
when the honours of the house reverted to her aunt, Anne, wife of 
Richard Nevill, Earl of Salisbury, who then became Countess of 
Warwick, and her husband, the celebrated 'king maker,' was sub- 
sequently created Earl of Warwick. 

Dugdale in his Baronage says in writing of the daughters 
of Thomas, third Earl of Warwick, and Catherine, daughter 
of Roger Mortimer : ' The portraitures of these ladies are 


curiously drawn, and placed in the windows of the south-side 
of the choir of the Collegiate Church at Warwick, in the 
habit of their time. Seven of them are married, and have 
their paternal arms upon their inner garments, and on their 
outer mantle their husbands' arms. The picture of Isabel 
who married twice is twice drawn.' 

Thomas, Lord Clifford, Sixth Lord of Skipton. 
This Thomas, the son and heir of Roger, Lord Clifford, 
was twenty-six years old at the time of his father's death. 
About him there is not a great deal to be said, as he only 
survived his father about two years. 

He appears to have been a most degenerate lord, for, 
being one of the favourites of Richard 11., he was equally 
as extravagant and dissolute as his monarch. It is said 
that two years before he entered upon his father's domains, 
he was charged by the Parliament with having aided the 
king in his dissolute conduct. His military career was pretty 
nearly a blank. One deed of arms, indeed, he was the chief 
actor in, and from it his character may be judged. It occurred 
abroad. About 1390, says HoHnshed, ' William Dowglasse 
of Niddesdale was chosen by the Lords of Prutzen to be 
admirall of a navie containing two hundred and forty ships, 
which they had rigged, and purposed to set forth against the 
miscreant people of the north-east parts. But being appealed 
by the Lord Clifford (an Englishman who was then likewise 
to serve with the foresaid lords on that journie) to fight 
with him in single combat before the day came appointed 
for them to make trial of the battell. The Lord Clifford 
lay in wait for the Dowglasse, and upon the bridge of Danzke 


met with him and there slew him, to the great disturbance 
and stay of the whole journie.' 

He married Eliza, daughter of Thomas, Lord Roos of 
Hamlake, in the lifetime of his father, and because they were 
nearly related and a dispensation might be required, it was 
agreed (14 Edward iii.) that each shall contribute to the 
charges of such prosecution if necessary. 

Roger, Lord Clifford, settled ;^ioo per annum on the 
young couple and the heirs of their bodies. 

This Thomas was thrice summoned to the Parliaments 
held on the 13, 14 and 15 Richard li., and he died 
abroad in Germany 4th October 15 Richard 11. He had 
issue John, his only son and heir, aged three years old, and a 
daughter Maud de Clifford, who was second wife to Richard 
Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge. His widow survived John 
her son, and died the 26th of March 2 Henry vi. Thomas, 
her grandchild, born on Monday next after the Assumption 
of the Virgin Mary 2 Henry v., being then of the age of nine 
years and forty-seven weeks. 

It is interesting to note that the representative of the 
family of Lord Roos or Ros of Hamlake is the present Duke 
of Rutland, and it was through the marriage of Sir Robert 
Manners, knight of Etal, in the reign of Henry vi., with 
Eleanor, the eldest sister and coheir of Edmund, Lord Ros 
of Hamlake, Triestbut and Belvoir, that the Manners family 
acquired the castle of Belvoir, and became territorial magnates 
in Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Nottingham and elsewhere. 

John, Lord Clifford, Seventh Lord of Skipton. 


This lord being a ward to the king, the wardship as 
appears was granted to Elizabeth or Eliza his mother, who 
being an ambitious woman took care to make a good match 
for him, and a marriage was accordingly arranged between 
her and Henry, Earl of Northumberland, between Eliza 
or Elizabeth, only daughter of Henry Percy (Hotspur), 
the eldest son of the said earl. And this marriage was 
accordingly solemnised when John, Lord Clifford, was not 
much above fifteen years old, for the said earl and his son, 
Sir William Greystock, etc., became bound to Elizabeth, 
Lady Clifford, in one thousand marks, which by her indenture 
dated 22nd May 5 Henry iv. recited the said marriage as 

John, Lord Clifford, was a soldier, and he lived under a 
martial prince, who by indenture dated 8th February 4 
Henry v. retained him in his service for one year for the war 
with France. The contract was to this effect, that the said 
John, Lord Clifford, with fifty men-at-arms well accoutred, 
whereof three to be knights, the rest esquires, and one hundred 
and fifty archers, whereof two parts to serve on horseback, 
the third on foot, should serve the king from the day he 
should be ready to set sail for France, taking for himself 4s. 
for every knight, for every esquire is., for every archer 6d. 
a day. 

This was the usual means by which kings in these times 
furnished their armies with men of valour, and it was counted 
no dishonourable thing for persons of power to engage in 
contracts of this sort ; in fact in these times it was the trade 
of the nobility and the great men of the realm. 

This lord was a knight of the Order of the Garter, to which 


honour the king elected him on account of his faithful conduct 
and signal services. 

This John, Lord Clifford, was killed at the siege of 
Meaux the 3rd March 9 Henry v., and according to the 
Chronicle of Kirkstall was buried at Bolton Abbey * apud 
canonicos de Boulton.' Elizabeth his wife outlived him 
and married, secondly, Ralph, Earl of Westmorland. She 
died i6th October in 14 Henry vi., Thomas, Lord Clifford, 
her son and heir being twenty-two years of age. 

Elizabeth Percy was the daughter of the renowned Sir 
Henry Percy (Hotspur), who was born 20th May 1364. He 
was the eldest son of Henry, fourth Lord Percy of Alnwick 
and Earl of Northumberland, by Margaret, daughter of 
Ralph, Lord Nevill of Raby. He fought the famous battle 
of Otterbourne near the Cheviot Hills in Northumberland 
(Chevy Chase), where he and his brother, Sir Ralph Percy, 
were made prisoners, and James, Earl of Douglas, was slain. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Mortimer, Earl 
of March, by Philippa, daughter and heir of Lionel 
Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, and falling at the battle of 
Shrewsbury 23rd July 1403, left issue by his wife (who 
married, second, Thomas, Lord Camoys) — 

Henry, who inherited as second Earl of Northumber- 
land, and Elizabeth, who married John, Lord Clifford. 
(See Article on Hotspur.) 

Thomas, Lord Clifford, Eighth Lord of Skipton, 
was born in 1415. In the lifetime of his father. King 
Henry v., by letters patent dated 7th May a.r. 3, granted 
to Sir William Harrington and others the custody of the 


honour of Skipton for two years after the decease of John, 
Lord Clifford, in case his heir was under age. His mother 
seems to have obtained the wardship, for by an inden- 
ture between her and Thomas, Lord Dacre of Gillesland, 
dated ist August 2 Henry vi., the parties covenant for the 
marriage of Thomas, Lord CHfford, and Joan, daughter of 
Lord Dacre, and it was Hkewise agreed that iioo marks 
should be given her as her marriage portion. 

Sir Matthew Hale says : ' This nobleman by several 
conveyances vested almost all his lands in feofees in trust. 
The scope of these several conveyances was partly to prevent 
wardship, under which his family had suffered greatly, and 
partly to prevent forfeiture, which now began to be a reason- 
able care, for discontents were breeding apace in the kingdom. 
The title of the House of York began to bud, and these 
probably were the reasons why this wary Lord, who knew 
that he must have a share in these broils, though he knew not 
the event, took care to lodge his estate in the hands of 
trustees, who either must not be engaged in the difference, 
or at least might pass them through without danger to his 
estate, which was only lodged in them as trustees. He 
followed as near as he could the pattern of Robert, the first 
Lord of Skipton, that while he kept favour with the king, 
yet lost not his interest in the nobility. For he appears 
actually the king's servant in the 24 Henry vi. when the 
king granted to Maud, Countess of Cambridge, and to this 
Thomas, by the style of ' Delecto Servo n'ro Thom de 
Chfford,' an annuity of ;^ioo out of the issues of the county 
of York by authority of Parliament.' 

Afterwards, 27th April 25 Henry vi., he granted to this 


Thomas, Lord Clifford, Henry Vavasor and the heir of the 
body of Thomas, the BaiHwicke of StannercHffe, in the county 
of York. 

(So far these records of the early Cliffords have been 
taken from the MS. entitled ' Titles of Honor and Pedi- 
grees,' especially touching Clift'ord, by Sir Matthew Hale, 
and by him bequeathed to the library of Lincoln's Inn.) 

Maud, Countess of Cambridge (who was the second wife 
of Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge), who by his first 
wife the Lady Anne Mortimer, daughter of Roger, Earl of 
March, had a daughter Isabel who married Henry Bourchier, 
Earl of Essex, and a son Richard, Duke of York, K.G., 
Protector of England, who fell at the battle of Wakefield, 
leaving by his wife Ciceley (who died 31st May 1495), 
daughter of Ralph Nevill, Earl of Westmorland, amongst 
other issue Edward iv.. King of England. She was aunt 
to this Thomas, Lord Clifford, and had Conisburgh Castle 
in dower. Here her nephew and his family seem to have 
resided with her for nearly a year in 1437, and what is very 
singular, to have been ' paying guests.' Here, too, ' black- 
faced Clifford ' must have been born, for the feast of his 
mother's Purification could not have been kept in any other 
place than that of her confinement. Besides, the Countess 
of Cambridge was his godmother, for the Townely MSS. 
tells us that in her will she bequeaths ' Joh. Clifford filiolo 
meo xii. discos argenteos.' 

It is an extraordinary fact that Richard, Duke of York, 
and John, Lord Clifford, his bitterest enemy, should have 


been born in the same castle ; and it may seem at first 
sight equally extraordinary that such an alliance between 
the two families should not have united their interests and 
inclinations ; but second marriages have often a contrary 
effect. What circumstances of family disagreement might 
have happened after the death of the Earl of Cambridge, 
and whether his widow holding the great manor of 
Conisburgh so long in dower might not occasion a gradual 
aberration and dislike between the two families, it is now 
impossible to discover. 

In this year (1437) Thomas, Lord Clifford, appears to 
have paid only two visits at Skipton, once in January on his 
way to Conisburgh, I suppose from his Westmorland estates, 
and once in summer when he made a longer stay. 

These facts are proved from the compotus of Thomas, 
Lord CHfford, for the year 1437 : 

' Allocat eidem computanti (W. Garth) virtute proecepti 
corporalis in camera dicti Domini infra castrum de Skipton 
die Foris xxiii die Januar, in transitu suo asque Conisburgh 
c s. Vetus parens xx s. & non plus, eo quod magna pars 
herbagii ejusdom parci depasturata fuit per equos Domini 
& D'ne Comitisse Cantab & aliorum de consilio dicti Dom 
i'bm existent in Augusto.' 

What account can be given of the following items : 

' In solutione uxori Hen Fawell nuper de Barden subito 
interfecti eidem concess, per concilium D'm xlv s. 

' Et in solutione matri diet Hen. ad satisfaciendum sibi 
de debitis quae diet Hen. sibi debuit c s. 

* Et in Sol Ri Pudsay ad sat. sibi de denariis sibi debitis 
per diet. Henr. xxiii s. 



' Et in sol'ne fratri ejusdem Hen. de deb sibi deb xiv s. 
S'ma ix 1. ii s.' 

It seems not unsuitable to the manners of that ferocious 
age to conclude that Fawell had been slain by the hand of 
the lord himself. An accidental death in Clifford's service 
would scarcely have drawn so profuse a liberality to his 
family ; besides the word ' interfecti ' certainly implies 
something more. It might be a random shot or stroke while 
hunting in Barden, but the value of the ' Blodwite ' — at least 
;^ I GO of our money — seems rather to point to manslaughter. 

The strong and almost disloyal terms in which another 
article of this account is expressed, show what the great 
families even then thought and felt on the subject of wardship: 

* Item allocat (allowed) eidem (that is, to Garth the 
Receiver) pro quadam annuitate eidem per D'nan Eliz 
matrem D'ni nuper concessam & per dictum D'num pro 
assiduo & diligenti labore suo apud Ebor in deliberatione & 
p's' (preservatione) dicti Domini extra manus regias post 
mortem dictae D'ns 1 s. 

* In liberatione facta mense Fobe pro expensis forinsecis 
D'ni versus London xx 1. 

' In solutione D'no in denariis mense Septembere per 
manus Hugh Kirke servientis dicti D'ne xiii 1. vi s. viii d.' 

Thus it appears that Lord Clifford came from Westmor- 
land in January, stayed at Skipton a short time on his way 
to Conisburgh, was in London in February, at Skipton 
again in August (when his and the Countess's horses ate up 
almost all the herbage of the Old Park), and spent the rest 
of the year at Conisburgh. 


There appears to have been no household at Skipton 
Castle in his absence, and the demesne lands are mostly in 
lease. I do not find that after all deductions for repairs, 
wages, etc., he received in clear money from the manor of 
Skipton more than cxiii 1. vi s. viii d. The total sum 
received was cclxix 1. viii d. 148*7'9*?0 

This Lord Clifford was slain in the battle of St. Albans, 
22nd May 33 Henry vi., and was interred with his uncle 
Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, and other noblemen 
who fell on that occasion, in the Lady Chapel of the monastery. 

He was born on the Monday after the Assumption of the 
Virgin a° 2 Henry v. (Inq. p.m. Joh. de Clifford) and was 
therefore killed in the forty-first year of his age. 

This lord excelled as a soldier. While he was esteemed 
by his sovereign he was popular with his peers. * He followed 
as near as he could the pattern of Robert, the first Lord of 
Skipton, that while he kept in favour with the king yet lost 
not his interest in the nobility.' 

The third son of this Clifford, Sir Robert, barely escaped 
death on the scaffold for complicity in the Perkin Warbeck 
plot. Hale and Stow both give an account of the king's 
attempt to arrest him. Though Sir Robert was pardoned 
' he was not after in so great favour, nor so esteemed 
with the kyng, as he had been in tymes past, because he 
was blotted and marked with that crime and offence.' 

Thomas, Lord Clifford, is frequently referred to in 
Shakespeare's King Henry VI. 

By a subsequent agreement it was awarded that at the 
costs of the Duke of York, the Earls of Warwick and 
Salisbury, 45 1. of yearly rent should be amortised for use to 


the monastery of St. Albans for suffrages and obits for the 
souls of Henry, Earl of Northumberland, Thomas, Lord 
Clifford, etc. Also that the Earl of Warwick should give to 
the Lord Clifford the sum of M marks to be distributed 
between the said Lord Clifford, his brother and sisters. 
(Holinshed, vol. ii. p. 292, edition i.) 

We have seen that Joan, Lady Clifford, was the only 
daughter of Thomas, sixth Lord Dacre, who was summoned 
to Parliament (14 Henry iv.) 1412 till (33 Henry vi.) 1455 as 
Thomas, Lord Dacre of Gillesland. This nobleman, who 
was chief forester of Inglewood in Cumberland, married 
Philippa, daughter of Ralph Nevill, Earl of Westmorland 
and had three sons and an only daughter Joan. 

John, Lord Clifford, Ninth Lord of Skipton, was 
born 8th April 1430. He held the titles and estates five 
years eight months and seven days. Whitaker says his 
hands were early dipped in blood, for he was engaged in the 
civil war of the Houses almost three years before his father's 

After the second battle of St. Albans the king was brought 
to meet the queen in Clifford's tent. This nobleman, partly 
from the heat of youth and partly in the spirit of revenge 
for his father's death, pursued the House of York with a 
rancour which rendered him odious even in that ferocious 
age. His supposed slaughter of the young Earl of Rutland, 
at, or perhaps after, the battle of Wakefield, has left a deep 
stain upon his memory. 

The story is that Lord Clifford, calling upon the name of 
his own slaughtered father, stabbed to the heart the Earl of 


Rutland (son of Richard, Duke of York), a boy of twelve, 
whose only offence was the name he bore. 

This was not the only act of barbarity committed by Lord 
Clifford at the battle of Wakefield. Leland says : * After 
the fight was over Clifford went in search of the body of the 
Duke of York, whom he knew to have been slain, and again 
he tarnished his name by a gross deed of savageness. He 
found the body, and with one stroke he severed the head, 
upon which he placed a paper crown. Fixing then the 
hideous trophy upon a pole he had it borne to the queen. 
" Madam," said he, " your war is done : here I bring your 
king's ransom ! " The head was with others placed over the 
gates of York.' 

Still it is only fair to state that it is by no means certain 
that Rutland fell by his hand. Leland only says : ' that for 
the slaughter of men at Wakefield he was called the boucher.' 
The Yorkists always described the young Earl of Rutland as 
a child, whereas as a matter of fact there was, after all, no 
great disparity of age between the two. Next year he met 
with his own end. On the day before the battle of Towton, 
and after a rencontre at Ferrybridge, having put off his 
gorget, he was struck on the throat by a headless arrow out 
of a bush, and immediately expired. In the MS. Memoirs 
of the family at Appleby, this is said to have happened at 
Dundingdale, a place unnoticed in any map : but the Rev. 
Francis Wilkinson, Vicar of Bardsley, has discovered the 
evanescent and almost forgotten name of Dittingdale in a 
small valley between Towton and Scarthingwell. Here 
therefore John, Lord Clifford, fell. The place of his inter- 
ment is uncertain : but the traditional account of the family 


is probably true, that his body was thrown into a pit with 
a promiscuous heap of the slain. Dittingdale is so near the 
field of Towton that it proves, at least, the advanced posts 
of the two armies to have been close to each other on the 
evening preceding the battle. 

The following is another account of the fight at Ferriby- 
Brig, or Ferrybridge : — 

' Seeing the advantage which must accrue from the pos- 
session of Ferriby-Brig over the Ayre, Warwick despatched 
Lord Fitz-Walter to take it. The attempt was, however, 
forestalled by Northumberland, who sent Lord Clifford with 
a superior force to drive Fitz-Walter back. The Lancas- 
trians were successful, and only a few of Fitz- Walter's men 
escaped with their lives from the encounter. It was then 
that Warwick resorted to one of those impressive though 
theatrical devices by which mediaeval captains so stirred the 
sluggish blood of their soldiers. Springing from the saddle 
he plunged a sword into the heart of his war-horse, crying 
aloud that on that day there was to be no retreat, and that 
he would fight a-foot among his men-at-arms until Ferriby- 
Brig was won. The example fired all hearts : and headed 
by Warwick in person, the advanced guards rushed upon the 
defenders of the causeway. Clifford, courageous if cruel, 
beat back his assailants again and again : but numbers in 
the end prevailed, and towards nightfall the " brig " was 
taken and Clifford slain.' 

John, Lord Clifford, was attainted i Edward iv., and in 
the fourth year of that reign, the castle, manor and lordship 
of Skipton and manor of Marton were granted in tail-male 
to Sir William Stanley, knight. In the seventh year of the 


same reign is a deed of resumption with a saving to the grant 
made to Sir William Stanley : and in the fifteenth year of 
this reign the castle, manor and demesnes of Skipton, and 
manor of Marton, were granted to Richard, Duke of 
Gloucester, and were held by him to his death. 

In the 1st of Henry vii. the attainder of John, Lord 
Clifford, was reversed, together with those of all other of the 
adherents of the house of Lancaster, and the estates of the 
family restored to Henry, his son. You may possibly find the 
original petition for restitution interesting ; it is as follows : — 

* In most humble & lowly wise beseecheth yo'r highness 
yo'r true subject and faithful liegman Henry Clifford, eldest 
son to John, late Lord Clifford, that when the same John, 
amongst other persons, for the true service and faithful 
legiance which he did once to King Henry the Sixt, y'or 
Uncle, in the parliament at Westminster, the fourth day of 
November, in the first yeare of King Edward the Fourth, 
was attainted and convicted of high treason, and by the 
same act it was ordained that the said John, late lord, and 
his heirs, from thenceforth should be disabled to have, hould, 
inherite or enjoye any name of dignity, estate or preheminence 
within the realmes of England, Ireland, Wales, Calice or the 
Marches thereof, and should forfeit all his castles, manors, 
lands, &c., he desireth to be restored. To the which the king, 
in the same parliam't subscribeth 

' " Soil faite come est desier." ' 

In the interval of turbulence and disaster which preceded 
this restitution there is no evidence among the archives of the 
family to throw light on any of the dark transactions of the age. 


This John, Lord CHfford, married Margaret, the only 
child and heiress of Henry Bromflete, Lord Vescy, who was 
the mother of two sons, Henry and Richard de Clifford. 

A single charter only remains of the 12 Edward iv., 
which is a deed of arbitration between Lancelot Threkeld, 
knight, and Lady Margaret his wife, the Lady Clifford, 
late the wife of John, Lord Clifford, on the one part ; and 
William Rilston, one of the executors of the will of Henry 
de Bromflete, Lord Vescy, deceased, on which the said 
Lancelot and Margaret his wife promise ' to be good maister 
and ladie to the said William, and to those the children of 
the said John, late Lord Clifford, to be loving and tendre to 
ye said William.' The mention of Henry Clifford the heir 
by name would then have been dangerous, which accounts 
for the plural * children * when one only could have any 
material interest in the transaction. 

If Sir Lancelot Threkeld made a brilliant match in marry- 
ing the young widow of John, Lord Clifford, he also incurred 
grave dangers and responsibilities, for her sons had to be 
secreted from the vengeance of the Yorkist faction. That 
Sir Lancelot nobly discharged his duties and responsibilities 
in striving to preserve the lives of his stepsons, the not 
unworthy words of Wordsworth bear record : 

' Give Sir Lancelot Threkeld praise, 
Hear it good man old in days. 
Thou Tree of Covert and of rest 
For this young bird that was distrest : 
Among the branches safe he lay. 
And he was free to shout and play. 
When falcons were abroad for prey.' 


It is a curious fact, which one cannot help associating 
with Sir Lancelot and the concealment of the young Cliffords, 
that there is a secret chamber or nook at Yanwath Hall, 
the seat of the Threkeld family, only discovered within the 
last few years. 

The manor of Threkeld is situated at the foot of 
Blencathra, a mountain which is more commonly known at 
the present time by the more homely name of Saddleback. 
How sequestered Threkeld was, and how secure from the 
prying eyes of strangers to the district we may conclude 
from the fact of it having been chosen, even so late as the 
fifteenth century, as a safe retreat for the young sons of the 
so-called * Butcher ' Clifford, the eldest of whom became 
known as the Shepherd Lord. 

If you wish to know more about the Shepherd Lord I 
must refer you to Wordsworth's beautiful poem, and to 
Southey's Colloquies. Margaret, Lady Clifford, who brought 
the barony of Vescy into the family, survived the death of 
her first husband thirty years, and the restoration of her 
family, seven. 

Having been interred at Londesborough, where she died, 
a plain brass on a flat stone near the altar of that church 
(the oldest memorial of the family now remaining) thus 
commemorates the widow of * black-faced Clifford ' : 

* Orate pro anima Margaret D'ne Clyfford et Vescy 
olim sponse noblissimi viri Joh's D'ni Clifford et Westmore- 
land filie et heredis Henrici Bromflet quondam D'ne Vescy 
ac . . . matris Henrici Domini Clyfford Westmoreland et 
Vescy quae obiit iv die mens Aprilis Anno Domini mccccxci 
cujus corpus sub hoc marmore est humatum.' 


Henry, Lord Clifford, Tenth Lord of Skipton, 
AND first Baron de Vescy of that name, on the 
accession of Henry the Seventh emerged from the fells of 
Cumberland, where he had principally been concealed for 
twenty-five years, with the manners and education of a 
shepherd. He was at this time almost if not altogether 
illiterate, but far from deficient in natural understanding : 
and what strongly marks an ingenuous mind in a state of 
recent elevation, depressed by a consciousness of his own 
deficiencies. On this account he retired to the soHtude of 
Barden, where he seems to have enlarged the tower, out of 
a common keeper's lodge, and where he found a retreat 
equally favourable to taste, to instruction, and to devotion. 
The narrow limits of his residence show that he had learnt 
to despise the pomp of greatness, and that a small train of 
servants could suffice him who had come to the age of thirty 
a servant himself. Yet in 8 Henry vii. * household wages ' are 
paid to more than sixty servants at Barden. Yet this was a 
slender train at that time for a baron {Londeshro Papers) . 

And the MS. quoted by Mr. Southey gives some further 
detail : * So in the disguise of a shepherd boy at Lonsboro, 
where his mother then lived for the most part, did this Lord 
Clifford spend his youth, till he was about fourteen years of 
age, about which time his mother's father, Henry Bromflete, 
Lord Vescy, deceased. But a little after his death it came 
to be rumoured at the court that his daughter's two sons 
were alive : about which their mother was examined : but 
her answer was that she had given directions to send them 
beyond the seas, to be reared there : and she did not know 
whether they were dead or alive. 


* And as this Henry, Lord Clifford, did grow to more years, 
he was still more capable of his danger had be been dis- 
covered, and therefore presently after his grandfather, the 
Lord Vescy, was dead, the said rumour of his being alive 
being more and more whispered at the court, made his said 
loving mother by the means of her second husband Sir 
Lancelot Threkeld to send him away with the said shepherds 
and their wives into Cumberland, to be kept as a shepherd 
there, sometimes at Threkeld, and amongst his father-in-law's 
kindred, and sometimes upon the borders of Scotland, where 
they took lands purposely for these shepherds that had 
custody of him : where many times his father-in-law came 
purposely to visit him, and sometimes his mother though 
very secretly. By which mean kind of breeding this incon- 
venience befel him, that he could neither read nor write, 
for they durst not bring him up in any kind of learning, lest 
by it his birth should be discovered. 

' Yet after he came to his lands and honours he learnt to 
write his name only. 

* This Henry, Lord Clifford, after he became to be possessed 
of his said estate, was a great builder and repairer of all his 
castles in the north, which had gone to decay when he came 
to enjoy them, for they had been in strangers' hands about 
twenty-four or twenty-five years. Skipton Castle and the 
lands about it had been given to William Stanley by King 
Edward iv., which William Stanley's head was cut off about 
the tenth year of Henry vil. : and Westmoreland was given 
by Edward iv. to his brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, 
who was afterwards King of England, and was slain in the 
battle, the 22nd of August 1485.' 


His early habits, and the want of those artificial measures 
of time which even shepherds now possess, had given him 
a turn for observing the motions of the heavenly bodies : 
and having purchased such an apparatus as could then be 
procured, he amused and informed himself by these pursuits, 
with the aid of the canons of Bolton, some of whom are said 
to have been well versed in what was then known of the 
science. It is pleasing to find these religious so rationally 
employed themselves, and so well qualified to afford their 
illiterate but curious patron a liberal occupation, which 
might prevent him from sinking into sordid habits. 

Whitaker suspects this nobleman to have been sometimes 
occupied in a mere visionary pursuit, and probably in the 
same company. For on the family evidences he says : * I 
have met with two MSS. on the subject of Alchemy, which 
from the character, spelling, etc., may almost certainly be 
referred to the reign of Henry vii. If these were originally 
deposited with the MSS. of the Cliffords, it must have been 
for the use of that nobleman. If they were brought from 
Bolton at the dissolution they must have been the work of 
those canons whom he almost exclusively conversed with.' 

In these peaceful employments, whether rational or 
otherwise, Lord Clifford spent the whole of the reign of 
Henry vii., and the first years of his son. But in the year 
1513, when almost sixty years old, he was appointed to a 
principal command over the army which fought at Flodden, 
and showed that the military genius of the family had neither 
been chilled in him by age, nor extinguished by habits of peace. 

The enumeration of his followers on this occasion in the 
old metrical history of Flodden Field is so local and exact, 


that, as many members of our family are familiar with the 
Craven district, and have so often hunted over it, I give 
the quotation : — 

' From Penigent to Pendle Hill 
From Linton to Long Addingham 
And all that Craven Coasts did till 
They with the lusty Clifford came : 
All Staincliffe hundred went with him 
With striplings strong from Wharledale 
And all that Hauton hills did climb, 
With Longstroth eke and Litton Dale, 
Those milk-fed fellows, fleshly bred 
Well brown 'd with sounding bows upbend ; 
All such as Horton Fells had fed 
On Clifford's banner did attend.' 

He survived the battle of Flodden ten years and died 
23rd April 1523, aged about seventy. It is uncertain where 
he was buried : by his will he appointed his body to be buried 
at Shap if he died in Westmorland, or at Bolton if he died in 

In the Memoirs (Appleby MSS.) of the Countess of 
Pembroke he is described as * a plain man who lived for the 
most part a country life and came seldom either to court or 
London, excepting when called to Parliament, on which 
occasion he behaved himself like a wise and good English 
nobleman.' This Lord Clifford never travelled out of 

He married, first, Anne, daughter of Sir John St. John 
of Bletshoe, cousin-german by the half blood to Henry vii., 
by whom he had, amongst other issue : Henry, Lord 
Clifford, first Earl of Cumberland, and eleventh Lord 


Skipton : he married Lady Margaret Percy, and on the 
death of her brother Henry, Earl of Northumberland, in 
consequence of a settlement confirmed by Act of Parliament, 
the whole Percy fee, equivalent in extent to the half of Craven, 
became vested in the Cliffords. 

He married, secondly, Florence, daughter of Henry 
Pudsay of Bolton, esquire, who in the 20th of Henry vii. was 
first married to Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall, and after the 
decease of her second husband, Henry, Lord Clifford, to 
Richard, third son of Thomas, Marquis of Dorset, son of 
Elizabeth Nevill. Her first jointure was 10 marks, her 
second ;^I50, which she continued to receive in the 3rd and 
4th of Philip and Mary. The gradual advancement of this 
lady is remarkable. Her father was an esquire, her first 
husband a knight, her second a baron, her last the grandson 
of a queen. She survived her father-in-law, who was slain 
at Towton, ninety-seven years : and having conversed with 
many of the principals in the war between the Houses of 
York and Lancaster, must, in the middle of the next century, 
if her memory remained, have been a living chronicle fraught 
with information and entertainment. By her husband 
Henry, Lord Clifford, she left issue a daughter Dorothy who 
was married to Sir Hugh Lowther of Lowther. 



Henry, Lord Clifford, First Earl of Cumberland 
AND Eleventh Lord of Skipton, was born In 1493, 
and was the eldest son of Henry, Lord Clifford, by his 
first wife Anna, daughter of Sir John St. John of Bletshoe. 
He seems to have lived on bad terms with his father. He 
was educated with Henry viii., and appears to have been as 
a young man wild and extravagant. He is said to have been 
reclaimed in good time, and to have settled down before his 
marriage, which probably took place about 15 12-13. Within 
two years after his accession to the estates and honours of 
the family he was advanced to the dignity of the Earl of 
Cumberland, and was made a Knight of the Garter seven 
years later, and when attacked at Skipton Castle by 
Aske and his fellow rebels, amidst a general defection 
of the members of his family, bravely defended it against 
them all. 

A little before he built the great gallery of Skipton Castle 
for the reception of his high-born daughter-in-law, Lady 
Eleanor Brandon, and received for his bravery a short time 
before his death a grant of the priory of Bolton with all the 
lands thereto belonging, together with the manor of Storithes, 
Haslewood, Embsey, Eastby, Conondley, etc. This gift, 
so desirable in situation, and especially as these lands had 



for the most part been amortised by the ancient lords of 
Skipton, was equal in value to the whole of the Clifford 
fee. But this was not all : by his marriage with Lady 
Margaret Percy, on the demise of her brother Henry, Earl of 
Northumberland, in consequence of a settlement, confirmed 
by Act of Parliament, the whole Percy fee, equivalent in 
extent to half of Craven, became vested in the Cliffords, 
and nearly completed their superiority over the whole district. 
He died 22nd April 1542, about the age of forty-nine, and 
was interred in the vault at Skipton. 
He was succeeded by his son, 

Henry, Lord Clifford, Second Earl of Cumberland, 
AND Twelfth Lord of Skipton, who enjoyed his honours 
without disturbance. He died at Brougham Castle, and 
was buried at Skipton. 

When only sixteen years of age he was made Knight of 
the Bath at the coronation of Anne Boleyn, and by the interest 
of Henry viii., a firm and constant friend of the family, in 
1537 married the Lady Eleanor Brandon, daughter of Charles 
Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, by Mary, Queen Dowager of 
France, daughter of Henry vii. This marriage involved him 
in great expense, and he had to sell the great manor of 
Temedbury, co. Hereford, the oldest Clifford possession, 
which had belonged to them before the Cliffords came to 
Yorkshire. His wife, the Lady Eleanor, died in 1547, leaving 
no issue. 

In 1552 or 1553 he married, at the church of Kirk Oswald, 
secondly, Anne, daughter of William, Lord Dacre, a very 
' domestic ' woman, who was never at or near London in her 


life. She survived her lord about ten years, and proved an 
excellent guardian to her son, in whose presence she died at 
Skipton Castle in 1581. 

After the death of his first wife he seems to have settled 
down to a quiet country life, and only went to court three 
times : once at the coronation of Queen Mary, a second 
time at the marriage of his daughter to the Earl of Derby, 
and lastly to visit Queen Elizabeth soon after her accession. 

He was succeeded by his son, 

George, Lord Clifford, Third Earl of Cumberland, 
AND Thirteenth Lord of Skipton. He was a great but 
unamiable man. If you trace him in the pubHc history of 
his times, you see nothing but the accomplished courtier, 
the skilful navigator, the intrepid commander, the dis- 
interested patriot. If you follow him into his family you 
are struck with the indifferent and unfaithful husband, the 
negligent and thoughtless parent. If you enter his muniment 
room, you are surrounded by memorials of prodigality, 
mortgages and sales, inquietude and approaching want. He 
set out with a larger estate than any of his ancestors, and in 
a little more than twenty years he made it one of the least. 
Fortunately for his family a constitution originally vigorous 
gave way at forty-seven to hardships, anxieties and wounds. 
He was separated from his wife. He married, 24th June 1557, 
Lady Margaret Russell, youngest child of Francis, second 
Earl of Bedford, and had an only daughter, 

Anne, who married first, 25th February 1608, Richard 
Sackville, Lord Buckhurst, afterwards Earl of Dorset, and 
had surviving issue : — 


1. Margaret, married 1629 to John Tafton, second 

Earl of Thanet, and had four sons, successively 
Earls of Thanet, the only one who had issue 
being Thomas, sixth Earl of Thanet. 

2. Isabella, married in 1647 to James Compton, 

Earl of Northampton. 
The Earl of Dorset died March 1624, and his widow 
married, 3rd June 1630, Philip Herbert, Earl of Pembroke 
and Montgomery, whom she also outlived. She died 22nd 
March 1675-6. 

He died in 1605, and the earldom of Cumberland devolved 
upon his brother Francis, who became 

Francis, Fourth Earl of Cumberland. It was during 
his life that the great contest for the Honour of Skipton took 
place. Sir Matthew Hale gives a full and interesting account 
of this great suit. This Francis, fourth Earl of Cumberland, 
was born at Skipton Castle a.d. 1559, and died there aged 
more than eighty. He seems to have been an easy and 
improvident man. His estate was managed for the last 
twenty years of his life by his son Henry Clifford. 

The date of his death is thus recorded in the Register of 
Skipton : 

* 1640. Jany. 28 of this month departed this life the 
Honourable Francis, Earle of Cumberland, Lord of the 
Honour of Skipton or Craven, and was solemnly buried 
in the vault of Skipton Church with his most noble 

He married in 1589 Grisold, daughter of Thomas Hughes 
of Uxbridge, in the county of Middlesex, Esq. She was 


first married to Edward Nevill, Lord Abergavenny, and by 
her second husband had issue : — 

George Clifford, died as a child. 

Henry Clifford, fifth and last Earl of Cumberland. 

Margaret, married to Sir Gervaise Clifton of Clifton 
in the county of Nottingham. 

She died on the 15th day of April 1613. 

He was succeeded by his son, 

Henry, Fifth and last Earl of Cumberland. He was 
born 28th February 1591. The Countess of Pembroke says 
that he was endowed with a good natural wit, was a tall 
and proper man, a good courtier, a brave horseman, an 
excellent huntsman, and had good skill in architecture and 
mathematics. He was much favoured by King James and 
King Charles and died of a burning fever, at one of the 
prebends' houses in York, December 1643. The Earl of 
Clarendon says : ' The Earl of Cumberland was a man of 
great honour and integrity, who had all his estate in that 
county, and had lived most amongst them with very much 
acceptation and affection from the gentlemen and common 
people, but he was not in any degree active or of a martial 
temper : and rather a man not like to have any enemies, 
than to oblige any to be firmly and resolutely his friends.' 

He married 25th July 1610 Lady Francis Cecil, only 
daughter of Robert, Earl of Salisbury, and had an only 
daughter and heir, 

Elizabeth, married 5th July 1635 to Richard Doyle, 
second Earl of Cork, and died 6th January 1698. (The 
present Duke of Devonshire is the representative on the 


male line of the illustrious House of Clifford, and lord of the 
Percy fee or Craven.) 

He died nth December 1643, when that dignity expired. 

Anne, Baroness of Clifford, Fourteenth Lord of 
Skipton. By the death of the last earl the long contest 
for the barony of Skipton was finally closed, and after thirty- 
five years of family discord, Anne, Countess Dowager of 
Dorset, and then Countess of Pembroke and Montgomery, 
entered upon the inheritance of her ancestors. She was 
one of the most illustrious women of her own or any other 
age. By the blessing of a religious education and the 
example of an excellent mother, she imbibed in childhood 
those principles which in middle life preserved her untainted 
from the profligacy of one husband, and the fanaticism of 
another, and after her deliverance from both conducted her 
to the close of a long life in the uniform exercise of every virtue 
which became her sex, her rank, and her Christian profession. 

She had all the courage and liberality of the other sex, 
united to all the devotion, order and economy (perhaps not 
all the softness) of her own. She was the oldest, but most 
independent courtier in the kingdom, had known and 
admired Queen Elizabeth, had refused what she deemed an 
iniquitous award of King James, rebuilt her dismantled 
castles in defiance of Cromwell, and repelled with disdain 
the interposition of a profligate minister under Charles 11. 

In her second widowhood, and as soon as the iniquity of 
the times would permit, her genius began to expand itself. 
Her first husband was, like all the Buckhursts, a man of 
sense and spirit, but of licentious morals. Her second was 


the weak and illiterate tool of a party which she despised. 
Accordingly, we find her complaining that the bower of 
Knowle in Kent, and of Wilton in Wiltshire, had been to her 
no better than the painted abodes of sorrow. Yet, perhaps, 
if there was a failing about her character, it was that she 
loved independence, and even authority, too well for a wife. 

But the time now came when every impediment was to 
be removed, and with two rich jointures added to her paternal 
inheritance, she withdrew to the North and set about her 
great work of * repairing the breach and restoring the paths 
to dwell in.' Six of the houses of her ancestors were in 
ruins, the church of Skipton, in consequence of the damage it 
had sustained during the siege of the castle, was in little 
better condition : but her inexpensive though magnificent 
habits, the integrity and economy of her agents, and above 
all, her own personal inspection, enabled her in a short time 
to remove every vestige of devastation which the Civil Wars 
had left. These great works she was not backward to 
commemorate. Most of erections bear mutatis mutandis^ 
the same inscription : and perhaps there is no English 
character so copiously recorded in stone and marble as the 
Countess of Pembroke. An early taste for poetry was 
instilled into her by her tutor Daniel. These services she 
repaid by an epitaph, in which her own name, as usual, is 
not forgotten. She erected a monument of Spenser in 
Westminster Abbey, and that of her father at Skipton (where 
she re-inscribed the tomb of the first and second Earls of 
Cumberland), together with a statue of her beloved mother 
at Appleby. 

It is still more to her honour that she patronised the 


poets of her youth, and the distressed loyalists of her maturer 
age ; that she enabled her aged servants to end their lives 
in ease and independence ; and, above all, that she educated 
and portioned the illegitimate children of her first husband, 
the Earl of Dorset. Removing from castle to castle, she 
diffused plenty and happiness around her, by consuming on 
the spot the produce of her vast domains in charity and 

Equally remote from the undistinguishing profusion of 
ancient times, and the parsimonious elegance of modern 
habits, her house was a school for the young, and retreat for 
the aged, an asylum for the persecuted, a college for the 
learned, and a pattern for all. The favourite authors of her 
early days may be conjectured from the library depicted on 
her great family portrait. When her eyes began to fail she 
employed a reader who marked on every volume or pamphlet 
when he began and ended his task. Many books so marked 
still remain in the evidence room at Skipton. 

Ingenuous anxiety and perhaps, too, her necessary 
investigations of her claims to the baronies of her family, 
led her to compile their history : an industrious and diffuse, 
but not always an accurate work, in which more perhaps 
might have been expected from the assistance of Sir Matthew 
Hale, who, though a languid writer, was a man of great 
acuteness and comprehension. 

Her life was extended by the especial blessing of Providence, 
frequently bestowed on eminently virtuous characters, to 
a period beyond which she could no longer hope to enjoy 
herself, or be useful to others, and she died 22nd March 1675, 
aged eighty-seven. 


Her person was tall and upright ; her dress after she 
resided in the North, usually of black serge ; her features 
more expressive of firmness than benignity. The principles 
of physiognomy are certainly fallacious, for no one who 
ever saw the picture of Lucy Pembroke without knowing 
whom it represented would suppose it to have been meant for 
a beneficent and amiable woman. 

Margaret, Countess of Cumberland (her mother), having 
died during the heat of the contest with Earl Francis, would 
probably have been refused interment at Skipton : at all 
events, she was buried at Appleby, where her illustrious 
daughter, partly from affection to her, and partly it may be 
from aversion to her uncle and cousin, whose bodies did not 
completely close the family vault at Skipton, chose to accom- 
pany her ; and a monument in that church, not unworthy 
of her name and virtues, commemorates Anne, Countess 
Dowager of Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery. 

In consequence of King James's grant of the reversion to 
Earl Francis, Lady Pembroke was seised of the castle and 
manor of Skipton in fee ; a right which she availed herself of 
by settling them on her grandsons and their issue in order 
of birth. 

We have seen how the property passed to four brothers 
who became successively Earl of Thanet and Lord of Skip- 
ton, and finally passed by descent from Sackville, son 
of Sackville Tufton, brother of Thomas, Earl of Thanet, 
to his son Sackville, who became the eighth Earl of Thanet, 
and died loth April 1786, and was succeeded by Sackville, 
ninth Earl of Thanet, who was the last legitimate Tufton to 
hold the House of Skipton. 


The present Lord Hothfield, the owner of the estates, is 
a son of Sir Richard Tufton, Bart., who was the illegitimate 
son of the last Earl of Thanet. 

The following account of the Clifford family is taken 
from The Memoirs of the Court of Elizabeth, by Aikin. 

' The illustrious race of Clifford takes origin from William, 
Duke of Normandy. In a later age its blood was mingled 
with that of the Plantagenets by the intermarriage of the 
seventh Lord de Clifford and a daughter of the celebrated 
Hotspur by Elizabeth his wife, whose father was Edward 
Mortimer, Earl of March. Notwithstanding this alliance 
with the House of York, two successive Lords de Clifford 
were slain in the Civil Wars, fighting strenuously on the 
Lancastrian side. It was to the younger of these, whose 
sanguinary spirit gained him the surname of The Butcher, 
that the barbarous murder of the young Earl of Rutland was 
popularly imputed, and a well-founded dread of the vengeance 
of the Yorkists caused his widow to conceal his son and heir 
under the lowly disguise of a shepherd boy, in which condition 
he grew up among the fells of Westmorland totally illiterate, 
and probably unsuspicious of his origin. 

At the end of twenty-five years, the restoration of the 
line of Lancaster in the person of Henry vii. restored to 
Lord de Clifford the name, rank, and large possessions of 
his ancestors ; but the peasant-noble preferred through life 
that rustic obscurity in which his character had been formed, 
and his habits fixed, to the splendours of a court, or the 
turmoils of ambition. He kept aloof from the capital, and 


it was only on the field of Flodden, to which he led in person 
his hardy tenantry, that this de Clifford exhibited some 
sparks of the warlike fire inherent in his race. 

' His successor, by qualities very different from the 
homely virtues which had obtained for his father among his 
tenantry and his neighbours the surname of " The Good," 
recommended himself to the special favour of Henry viii., 
who created him Earl of Cumberland and matched his heir 
to his own niece Lady Eleanor Brandon. The sole fruit 
of this illustrious alliance, which involved the earl in an 
almost ruinous course of expense, was a daughter who after- 
wards became the wife of Edward, Earl of Derby, who was 
the father of Ferdinando, Earl of Derby, who came to an 
untimely end. Eleanor, Countess of Cumberland, was the 
younger daughter of Mary, Queen Dowager of France, by 
her second husband Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. 
The children of Lady Catherine Grey, Countess of Hertford, 
obviously stood before him in the line of succession, and 
occasion was taken by the Romish party to urge him to 
assume the title of King of England. One Hesketh, a zealous 
agent of the Jesuits and popish fugitives, was employed to 
tamper with the earl, who on the one hand undertook that 
his claim should be supported by powerful succours from 
abroad, and on the other, menaced him with certain and 
speedy death in case of his rejecting the proposal or betraying 
its authors. But the earl was too loyal to hesitate for a 
moment. He revealed the whole plot to the government, and 
Hesketh on his information was convicted of treason and 
suffered death. Not long after the Earl of Derby was 
suddenly seized with a violent disorder of the bowels, which 


in a few days carried him off : and on the first day of his 
illness, his Gentleman of the Horse took his lord's best 
saddle-horse and fled. These circumstances might be 
thought pretty clearly to indicate poison as a means of his 
untimely end : but although suspicion of its employment 
was entertained by some, the melancholy event appears to 
have been more generally ascribed to witchcraft. An 
examination being instituted, a waxen image was discovered 
in his chamber, and a hair the colour of the earl's drawn 
through the body ; also an old woman in the neighbourhood, 
a reputed witch, being required to recite after a prompter 
the Lord's Prayer in Latin, was observed to blunder 
repeatedly in the same words. But these circumstances, 
however strong, not being deemed absolutely conclusive, the 
poor old woman was apparently suffered to escape. After 
the Gentleman of the Horse, or his instigators, we do not 
find that any search was made. 

* The mother of the Earl of Derby died two years after. 
At one period of her life we find her much in favour with the 
queen, whom she was accustomed to attend in quality of 
first lady of the blood-royal, but she had subsequently 
excited her majesty's suspicions by the imprudent con- 
sultations of fortune-tellers, and diviners, on the delicate 
subject, doubtless, of succession to the crown. 

* By a second and better assorted marriage, the Earl of 
Cumberland became the father of George, his successor, our 
present subject, who proved the most remarkable of this 
distinguished family. 

* The death of his father during his childhood had brought 
him under wardship to the queen : and by her command he 


was sent to pursue his studies at Peterhouse, Cambridge, 
under Whitgift, afterwards primate. Here he applied himself 
with ardour to the mathematics, and it was apparently the 
bent of his genius towards these studies which caused him 
first to turn his attention to nautical matters. An enter- 
prising spirit and a turn for all the fashionable profusions of 
the day, which speedily plunged him in pecuniary embar- 
rassments, added incitement to his activity in these pursuits, 
and in 1586 he fitted out three ships and a pinnace to cruise 
against the Spaniards and plunder their settlements. It 
appears extraordinary that he did not assume in person the 
command of this little squadron : but combats and triumphs 
perhaps stHl more glorious in his estimation awaited him in 
the smoother elements of the court. 

* In the games of chivalry, he bore off the prize of courage 
and dexterity from all his peers ; the romantic band of 
knights-tilters boasted of him as one of their brightest 
ornaments, and her majesty deigned to encourage his 
devotedness to her glory by an envied pledge of favour. 

' As he stood or kneeled before her, she dropped her glove, 
perhaps not undesignedly, and on his picking it up, graciously 
desired him to keep it. He caused the trophy to be encircled 
with diamonds, and ever after, at all tilts and tournaments, 
bore it conspicuously placed in front of his high crowned hat. 

' But the emergencies of the year 1588 summoned him to 
resign the fopperies of an antiquated knight errantry for 
serious warfare and the exercise of genuine valour. Taking 
upon him the command of a ship, he joined the fleet appointed 
to hang upon the motions of the Spanish Armada and harass 
it in its progress up the British Channel, and on several 


occasions, especially in the last action off Calais, he signalised 
himself by uncommon exertions. 

' In reward of his services, her majesty granted him her 
Royal Commission to pursue a voyage to the South Seas, 
which he had already projected ; she even lent him for the 
occasion one of her own ships ; and thus encouraged, he 
commenced that long series of naval enterprises which have 
given him an enduring name. After two or three voyages 
he constantly declined her majesty's gracious offer of the 
loan of her ships, because they were accompanied by the 
express condition that he should never lay any vessel of hers 
on board a Spanish one, lest both should be destroyed by 
fire. Such was the character of mingled penuriousness and 
timidity which pervaded the maritime policy of this great 
princess, even after her defeat of the Armada had demon- 
strated that ship for ship her navy might defy the world ! 

' At this period all attempts against the power and 
prosperity of Spain were naturally regarded with high favour 
and admiration, and it cannot be denied that on his long 
and hazardous expeditions the Earl of Cumberland evinced 
high courage, undaunted enterprise, and an extraordinary 
share of perseverance under repeated failures, disappoint- 
ments, and hardships of every kind. It is also true that his 
vigorous attacks embarrassed extremely the intercourse of 
Spain with her colonies: and besides, the direct injuries which 
they inflicted compelled this power to incur an immense 
additional expense for the protection of her treasure ships 
and settlements. 

' But the benefit to England was comparatively trifling ; 
and to the earl himself, notwithstanding occasional captures 


of great value, his voyages were far from producing any 
lasting advantage ; they scarcely repaid on the whole the 
cost of equipment, while the influx of sudden wealth with 
which they sometimes gratified him only ministered food to 
that magnificent profusion in which he finally squandered 
both his acquisitions and patrimony. None of the liberal 
and enlightened views which had prompted the efforts of 
the great navigation of this and a preceding age appear to 
have had any share in the enterprises of the Earl of 
Cumberland. Even the thirst of martial glory seems in him 
to have been subordinate to the love of gain and that appetite 
for rapine, to which his loose and extravagant habits had 
given the force of a passion. 

' He had formed in early life an attachment to the 
beautiful daughter of that worthy character and rare exampler 
of old English hospitality, Sir William Holies, ancestor to 
the Earls of Clare of that surname : but her father, from a 
singular pride of independence, refused to listen to his 
proposals, saying : " That he would not have to stand cap 
in hand to his son-in-law : his daughter should marry a good 
gentleman, with whom he might have society and friendship," 
Disappointed thus of the object of his affections he matched 
himself with the daughter of the Earl of Bedford, a woman 
of merit, as it appears, but whom their mutual indifference 
precluded from exerting on him any salutary influence. As 
a husband he proved both unfaithful and cruel : and 
separating himself after a few years from his countess, on 
pretence of incompatability of temper, he suffered her to 
live not only in desertion but in poverty. He must be 
dismissed with no more applause than may be challenged by 


a character singularly deficient in the guiding and restraining 
virtues, and endowed with such a share only of the more 
active ones as served to render it conspicuous rather than 
truly and permanently illustrious.' 

Having finished with the history of the Cliffords, before 
we pass on to consider the marriage of Dorothy Clifford 
with Sir Hugh Lowther, I have by permission inserted two 
articles, one on ' Hotspur ' (Sir Henry Percy) from the 
Cambridge edition of the EncyclopcBdia, written by James 
Gairdner and J. Horace Round ; and the other on the 
Barony of Gillsland, taken from the History of Cwnberland 
by R. S. Ferguson, F.S.A. 

And I have done this as we are descended in the female 
line from ' Hotspur,' from Thomas, Lord Dacre of Gillsland, 
and from the Vaux of Catterlen and the Vaux of Tryermaine. 
In Burke's Dormant and Extinct Peerages there is a full 
account of the Vaux family. It differs a good deal from the 
account of Ferguson, and no doubt Ferguson's is the more 
accurate, as Burke is not always to be relied upon. 

I give Burke's early account for what it is worth : he 
says the family of Vaux derived its surname from a district 
in Normandy where it was originally seated. So early as 
the year 794 of the Christian era a branch of the Vauxes is 
found in Provence, and then allied by marriage to most of 
the sovereign princes of Europe. They are mentioned in 
the records of that and subsequent periods by the patronimic 
of Beaux, Baux or Vaux (B and V being used indiscriminately 
in the south of France), a.xd the ancient possessions of the 
princes of Beaux in that country are still called ' Les Terres 


Bausenques.' In the year 1140, the Vauxes disputed the 
sovereignty of Provence with the house of Barcelona : and 
in 1 173 they acquired the principahty of Orange by marriage 
with Tiburge, heiress of Orange. In 12 14 WilHam, Prince 
of Baux and Orange, assumed the title of King of Aries and 
Vienne, which dignity was acknowledged and confirmed to 
him by Frederick II. 

In 1393 Raymond, King of Aries, Prince of Baux and 
Orange, left, by his first wife Joane, Countess of Geneva, 
an only daughter who married John de Chalons, Great 
Chamberlain of France, and conveyed the titles and pos- 
sessions of the house of Baux into that family, from which 
by marriage with the heiress of Chalons they came to the 
house of Nassau in 1530, and from this alliance the 
members of that house have since borne the title of Princes 
of Orange. 

Bertram, second son of William, third Prince of Baux and 
Orange, went with Philip of Anjou into Italy, when that 
prince ascended the throne of Naples. The son of this 
Bertram, and the Bertram de Vaux, was Count of 
Montescaziosi, etc., and married Beatrix, daughter of 
Charles 11., King of Naples and Sicily. His son, Francis de 
Vaux, espoused Margaret of Anjou, widow of Edward 
Baliol, King of Scotland, and granddaughter of Philip of 
Anjou, Emperor of Constantinople, etc., in right of his wife, 
the daughter of Baldwin, Earl of Flanders and Emperor of 
Constantinople ; and by this marriage Francis de Vaux was 
created Duke of Andrea, in the kingdom of Naples, etc., and 
his descendants enjoyed the highest offices in the state, as 
the following inscription, translated from a monument 



erected in the year 1615 in the Church of St. Clair, at Naples, 
fully attests : — 

' This monument is dedicated to the most illustrious family of 
Vaux, a potent race, decorated with the royal insignia, in the kingdom 
of Vienne and Aries, Princes of Orange, Counts of Geneva, and great 
rulers within the sovereignty of Provence, which they frequently 
subjugated to their dominion by force of arms. They were Emperors 
of Greece, Despots of Romania, Princes of Achaia, Premier Dukes of 
Andrea, Ursino and Naro, Counts of Montescaziosi Avellino, Saleto, 
Castro-ungento, Nola, Alexana, Acerraro, Great Constables, Justi- 
ciaries, High Chamberlains and Stewards of that realm, under the 
kings of the house of Anjou, and Generals of the Papal Armies. 
Hieronymus de Vaux has here deposited the bones of as many of his 
name and hneage as he has been able to collect, and out of piety to 
them has erected this monument to their memory. 

Antonia de Vaux, Queen of Sicily. 
Isabella de Vaux, Queen of Naples. 
Cecilia de Vaux, Countess of Savoy. 
Solelia de Vaux, Princess of Piedmont. 
Maria de Vaux, Dauphiness of Vienne. 
Isabella de Vaux, Despotisse of Servia.' 

It is evident from this account that some of the Vauxes 
were very great people in Europe. Of course Burke says 
that they were all one family (which I should very much 
doubt), and that the founder of the English branches of the 
Vauxes was Bertrand de Vaux who attended a tournament in 
the year 929, and was a favourite of Robert i., Duke of 
Normandy, grandfather of William the Conqueror. The 
names of the descendants of this Bertram are traced through 
the Rolles Normands, written Baux, Vaux, Vaulx and de 
Vallibus, at the time of the Norman Conquest. 


Harold de Vaux, Lord of Vaux in Normandy, having 
for religious purposes conferred his seigniory upon the Abbey 
of the Holy Trinity at Caen (founded by Matilda, wife of 
William the Conqueror), came into England accompanied by 
his three sons, viz. : 

1. Hubert, who acquired the barony of Gillesland. 

(See Ferguson's article. He gives quite a different 
descent. There can be no doubt that Ferguson is 

2. Ranulph, Lord of Tryermaine, whose line termin- 

ated in the heiress, Mabel de Vaux, who married 
William Vaux of Catterlen, a member of the branch 
founded by the youngest son Robert. 

3. Robert of Catterlen, whose line terminated with 

Mabel Vaux who married Christopher Richmond 
of Highhead Castle, co. Cumberland, from which 
marriage we are descended. 

I have hesitated about inserting this, as I very much 
doubt if there is any record of any * de Vaux ' in England 
before the time of * Hubert de Vaux.' 



(This article is published by permission of the Cambridge 
University Press from the EncyclopcBdia Britannica : and 
was written by James Gairdner and J. Horace Round.) 

Percy, Sir Henry, called Hotspur (1364- 1403), eldest 
son of Henry, first Earl of Northumberland, was born on 
the 20th of March 1364. He saw active service when he 
was fourteen at the siege of Berwick. Six years later he was 
associated with his father in the wardenship of the eastern 
march of Scotland, and his zeal in border warfare won the 
name of Hotspur for him from his opponents. In 1386 he was 
sent to Calais, and raided French territory, but was shortly 
afterwards recalled to defend England against a naval attack 
by France. In popular story and ballad he is known as one 
of the heroes of Otterburn or Chevy Chase, which is the 
subject of one of the most stirring recitals of Froissart. In 
the summer of 1388 the Scots invaded England by way of 
Carlisle, sending a small body under the Earls of Douglas, 
Mar and Moray to invade Northumberland. The Earl of 
Northumberland remained at Alnwick, but sent his sons 
Sir Henry and Sir Ralph against the enemy. In hand-to- 
hand fighting before the walls of Newcastle, Douglas is said 
to have won Sir Henry's pennon, which he swore to fix upon 


the walls of Dalkeith. The Scots then retreated to Otterburn, 
where Percy, who was bent on recovering his pennon, 
attacked them on a fine August evening in 1388. Douglas 
was slain in battle, though not, as is stated by Walsingham, 
by Percy's hand : Henry Percy was captured by Sir John 
Montgomery, and his brother Ralph by Sir John Maxwell. 
Hotspur was released on the payment of a heavy ransom, 
to which Richard 11. contributed ;^3000, and in the autumn 
his term as warden of Carlisle and the West March was 
extended to five years. In 1399, together with his father, he 
joined Henry of Lancaster. Henry iv. gave the charge of 
the West March to Northumberland, while Henry Percy 
received the castles of Bamburgh, Roxburgh and Berwick, 
and the wardenship of the East March, with a salary of 
;^3000 in peace time and ;^ 12,000 in war. During the first 
year of Henry's reign Hotspur further was appointed justiciar 
of North Wales and constable of the castles of Chester, 
Flint, Conway, Denbigh and Carnarvon. Henry also gave 
him a grant of the island of Anglesey, with the castle of 
Beaumaris. William and Rees ap Tudor captured Conway 
Castle on the 1st of April 1401, and Percy in company with 
the Prince of Wales set out to recover the place, Percy 
providing the funds. In May he reported to the king the 
pacification of Merioneth and Carnarvon, and before the 
end of the month Conway was surrendered to him. Mean- 
while he wrote demanding arrears of pay, with the threat of 
resignation if the money were not forthcoming, but the king 
intimated that the loss of Conway had been due to his 
negligence, and only sent part of the money. He had the 
same difficulty in obtaining money for his northern charge 


that he had experienced in Wales. ^ Anglesey was taken 
from him, and he was deprived of Roxburgh Castle in favour 
of his rival, the Earl of Westmorland. The Scots again 
invaded England in the autumn of 1402, headed by the Earl 
of Douglas and Murdoch Stewart, son of the Duke of Albany. 
Northumberland and Hotspur barred their way at Millfield, 
near Wooler, and the Scots were compelled to fight at 
Humbledon or Homildon Hill, on the 14th of September. 
The English archers were provided with a good target in the 
masses of the Scottish spearmen, and Hotspur was restrained 
from charging by his ally, George Dunbar, Earl of March. 
The Scottish army was almost destroyed, while the English 
loss is said to have been five men. Disputes with the king 
arose over the disposal of the Scottish prisoners, Percy 
insisting on his right to hold Douglas as his personal prisoner, 
and he was summoned to court to explain. It is related that 
when he arrived Henry asked for Douglas, and Hotspur 
demanded in return that his brother-in-law, Edmund 
Mortimer, should be allowed to ransom himself from Owen 
Glendower, with whom he was a prisoner. High words 
followed, in the course of which Henry called Percy a traitor, 
struck him on the face, and drew his sword on him. Percy 
is said to have answered this defiance with the words, ' Not 
here, but on the field.' This was late in 1402, and in 1403 
Hotspur issued a proclamation in Cheshire stating that 

1 The dissatisfaction of the Percys seems to have been chiefly due to the 
money question. Sir J. H. Ramsay [Lancaster and York) estimates that in the 
four years from 1399 to 1403 they had received from the king the sumof ;^4i,75o, 
which represented a very large capital in the fourteenth century, and they had 
also received considerable grants of land. King Henry iv. was about to march 
north himself to look into the real relations between the Percys and the Scots, 
when on the 6th of July 1403 Henry Percy was in open rebellion. 


Richard ii. was alive, and summoning the inhabitants to his 
standard. He made common cause with his prisoner Douglas, 
and marched south to join forces with Glendower, who was 
now reconciled with Mortimer. He was reinforced by his 
uncle Thomas, Earl of Worcester, who, although steward 
to the household of the Prince of Wales, joined his family 
in rebellion. The mythical Richard ii. was heard of no 
more, and Percy made himself the champion of the young Earl 
of March. When he arrived at the castle Foregate, Shrews- 
bury, early on the 21st of July, and demanded provisions, 
he found the king's forces had arrived before him. He 
retired in the direction of Whitchurch, and awaited the enemy 
about three and a half miles from Shrewsbury. After a long 
parley, in which a truce of two days was even said to have 
been agreed on, the Scottish Earl of March, fighting on the 
royal side, forced on the battle in the afternoon, the royal 
right being commanded by the Prince of Wales. Hotspur 
was killed, the Earls of Douglas and Worcester, Sir Richard 
Venables of Kinderton, and Sir Richard Vernon were 
captured, and the rebel army dispersed. Worcester, Venables 
and Vernon were executed the next day. Percy's body was 
buried at Whitchurch, but was disinterred two days later to 
be exhibited in Shrewsbury. The head was cut off and 
fixed on one of the gates of York. 



(Published by permission of Elliot Stock and Co., and 
written by the late R. S. Ferguson, F.S.A.) 

This barony of Gilsland was given by Ranulph de Meschines 
to his brother, William de Meschines, who was unable to 
reduce it into possession. Gilsland, however, from an early 
period, formed the estate of some great thane or chieftain, 
whose residence was at the mote of Irthington, and who in 
the reign of Henry i. was one Gill or Gilles, the son of Bueth. 
Gilles managed to retain his estates so long as he lived, but 
Henry ii. granted them to Hubert de Vallibus by the 
description of Totam terram quam Gilbert us Jilius Boet tenuit 
die quo fuit vivus et mortuus, de quocumque illam tenuisset. 
Corby and Catterlen, though apparently not belonging to 
the estates held by Gilles, the son of Bueth, were also granted 
de incremento, and thus became part of the barony, or, at any 
rate, held with it ; the whole was to be held per serviciam 
duorum militum. The charter is dated at Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
and is witnessed by the Archbishop of York, the Bishops of 
Lincoln and Durham, the Earl of Norfolk, and many others, 
all Normans by their names, except Turg' de Russedal, who 
is the same as Turgis Brundis, the Fleming who had received 
the barony of Lyddale. 

Hubert de Vallibus, the first baron of Gilsland, was a 


Norman, fourth son of Robert de Vallibus, or de Vaux, who, 
in 1086, held property in Norfolk, at Pentney. Hubert de 
Vallibus followed the fortunes of the young prince Henry 
in his long struggle with Stephen. He was probably an old 
man when he received the reward of his services in a grant 
of Gilsland. His son, Robert de Vallibus, second baron, 
fills a large place in history and legend ; but we dismiss as 
fabulous that legend which credits him with the treacherous 
murder, during a truce, of Gilles, the son of Bueth. This 
Robert de Vallibus defended the city and castle of Carlisle, 
in the war of 1173 and 1174, against William the Lion of 
Scotland, and the determined front he showed, impervious 
alike to threats or bribes, checked the progress of the King 
of Scotland. 

The parley between De Vallibus, or De Vaux, and the 
Scottish leaders, as told in rhyming Norman-French by 
Jordan Fantosme, would make a fine subject for a picture. 
In all, five Barons de Vallibus, or de Vaux, ruled over Gilsland, 
of whom the last, Hubert, left one sole daughter and heiress, 
Maud or Matilda. 

These Barons de Vallibus were among the greater barons 
of England, and as such Robert de Vallibus, fourth baron, 
was summoned personally to Parliament, sigillatim per 
litteras nostras, in pursuance of the fourteenth clause of the 
Great Charter, Gilsland being a barony by writ. 

The heiress, Maud de Vallibus, married Thomas de 
Multon, son of Thomas de Multon, of Multon, or Moulton, 
near Spalding, in Lincolnshire. Whether the de Multons were 
Englishmen or Normans does not appear, but the fact that 
they derived their name from an English estate is against 


their having been persons of consequence on the Continent. 
They may have been retainers or connections of the Angevin 
Ivo Tailboise in right of his EngHsh wife Lucia, mother of 
the Lucia who married Ranulf Meschin. The connection 
is suggestive, and probably accounts for the appearance of 
the de Multons in Cumberland. Thomas de Multon the 
elder was sheriff of Lincolnshire in the 9th and loth of King 
John. He had a grant of the custody of Amabil and Alice 
de Lucy, coheiresses of Richard de Lucy, Baron of Egremont 
in Cumberland. These ladies he married to his sons 
Lambert and Alan de Multon, and from them sprang the 
families of Multon of Egremont and Lucy of Cockermouth. 
Thomas de Multon the elder followed up this great 
matrimonial coup by another ; he himself married Ada de 
Lucy, the widowed mother of the two young ladies, and 
herself the coheiress of Hugh de Morville. Thomas de 
Multon the elder thus became forester of Cumberland, and 
seised of a moiety of the barony of Burgh-by-Sands in that 
county, and other estates. By his second wife, Ada, he had 
a son, Thomas de Multon the younger, who inherited a full 
share of the Multon matrimonial sagacity. He married 
Maud de Vallibus, and so became Thomas de Multon de 
Gilsland ; but beyond that he makes little mark. His wife 
Maud, or Matilda, was domina de Gilsland ; she outlived her 
husband, her son and her grandson, and continued domina 
de Gilsland to the day of her death, in 1295, sitting on the 
bench at Assizes at Penrith as domina de Gilsland — a * grand 
old woman,' if indeed she should not rather be called a 
' grand old man,' for, in 19 Edward i. she was summoned to 
Parliament as MatiW de Multon d'n's de Gillesland. She 


was succeeded in her estates by her great-grandson Thomas 
de Multon de Gilsland, who was summoned to Parhament 
as such, thus maintaining the position of the barony as a 
barony by writ, and of the lords thereof among the greater 
barons. He died in 13 13, leaving an heiress, Margaret de 
Multon, a child just entering on her teens, between whom 
and Ranulph de Dacre a marriage had been arranged by 
their parents when both were very young indeed. This 
arrangement had, however, been superseded, prior to the 
death of Thomas de Multon de Gilsland, by another, a much 
more brilliant alliance, under which Margaret de Multon 
was betrothed to Robert de Clifford, the seven-year-old heir 
of the Robert Clifford who had inherited the great estates 
of the Vipounts in Westmorland, and who fell at Bannock- 
burn in 1314. Edward ii. committed the estates of the 
Cliffords and the heiress of Gilsland to the guardianship of 
Guy Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. But when the lady was 
* sweet seventeen ' she asserted her own right to a say in 
the matter, and eloped by night from Warwick Castle with 
Ranulph de Dacre. Ranulph got into a scrape for this 
exploit, and Lord William Howard records it thus : 

' Pat. 28 Oct° A° II Ed. III. (should be 11.). Ranulph de 
Dacre pardoned for stealing awai in the nighte out of the 
king's custody from his Castell of Warwick on Margaret, 
daughter and heir of Thomas of Molton of Gilsland, who 
helde of ye kinge in capita, and was within age, whearof the 
sayd Ranulphe standeth indighted in curia regis.' 

Let us hope the stealing away was mutual, and one of 
hearts, and that Randulph did not steal awai the young lady 
solely quia jus habuit ad illa?n, as the chronicle of Lanercost 


says. The barony of Gilsland thus came into possession 
of the family of De Dacre, or De Dacor, who took their 
name from Dacre, or Dacor, a manor in Cumberland of 
which they were lords under the Baron of Greystoke. 

Among the great families of Cumberland the martial 
house of Dacre stands out the most prominent. So far 
back as ever they can be traced they are avr6xdove<i of the 
soil, De Dacres of Dacre. The first that is known is William 
de Dacre of Dacre, sheriff of Cumberland in 20 Henry lii., 
and great-grandfather of the daring and lucky wooer who 
carried off the young ' lady of Gilsland.' The Dacres 

' So daring in love, and so dauntless in war,' 

are ever inseparably connected in history and legend with 
memories of Flodden, of border warfare and border raids, 
while their wild slogan of ' A Daker, a Daker, a read bull, 
a read bull,' was ever a terror to the Scots, as their banner 
of martial red, with its silver escallops, was ever a rallying- 
point for the English bordermen. 

Ranulph de Dacre was succeeded in the estates and 
honours by three sons, a grandson and a great grandson. 
The death, in 36 Henry vi., of the last of these, Thomas 
Dacre by name, brought about a remarkable severance of 
the estates and honours. The old Multon Lincolnshire 
property and the dignity of Lord Dacre devolved upon the 
heir-general, Joan, wife of Sir Richard Fenys, and daughter 
of Thomas Dacre's eldest son, who had died vita parentis. 
From her descend the Dacres of the South, who still enjoy 
that title. The bulk of the property fell to the male heir, 
the second son of Thomas Dacre, namely, Ranulph de Dacre, 



who received a writ of summons to Parliament as Ranulph 
Dacre of Gilsland. But he was presently knocked on the 
head at Towtonfield ; his blood was attainted, as was that 
of his brother Humphrey, who succeeded. The estates were 
forfeited, and the bulk of them granted to Lady Joan. 
Humphrey, however, recovered them, and was summoned 
to Parliament as Lord Dacre de Gilsland, and he and his 
descendants enjoyed the dignity of ' Lord Dacre of the 
North.' In 2 Richard iii. this Humphrey Dacre became 
Lord Warden of the Marches — the first of his family to hold 
that famous office, which has become almost identified with 
the lords of Gilsland. He died in i Henry vii., leaving a 
numerous family by his wife Mabel Parr, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Parr, and great-aunt to Queen Katherine. He 
and his wife lie buried under a fine tomb adjoining the north 
side of the choir at Lanercost, on which their names are 
carved in relief. 

To Humphrey succeeded his son and heir, Thomas Dacre, 
probably the best known of his race. He, like his ancestor, 
Ranulph de Dacre, stole away his wife in the night. In this 
case the lady was Elizabeth de Greystoke, ultimately the 
heiress of the entire baronies of Greystoke and Fitzwilliam, 
of a moiety of the baronies of Bolbeck and Wemme, a fourth 
part of that of Montfichet, and a third of a moiety of that of 
Morley or Morpeth, and also of the manor of Hinderskelfe. 
The lady was at Brougham Castle, in care of the Cliffords, 
when Thomas Dacre stole her away by night. No doubt 
she was destined for one of that family, and thus a second 
time did a Dacre disappoint a Clifford of a well ' tochered ' 
bride. And it is not too much to say that the midnight 


flittings of Margaret de Multon and Elizabeth de Greystoke, 
two girls in their teens, have largely coloured the political 
complexion of the county of Cumberland — nay, have almost 
affected the fortunes of this kingdom. 

Thomas Dacre served at the siege of Norham Castle with 
Lord Surrey. Under that nobleman he commanded the 
reserve at Flodden Field, and greatly contributed to the 
victory. He was made Knight of the Garter, and was Lord 
Warden of the Marches from i Henry viii. until his death 
in 17 Henry viii. In that office he acted with vigour and 
severity. As an instance we may cite the ' jornay ' he 
devised in 1525, the year of his death : — 

' That the whole garrison with the inhabitants of the 
country were to meet at Howtell Swyre upon Monday, at 
iiij of the clock, aft'nons the xxix of Junij, and the said 
company by the suffrance of God to ride into Scotland, and 
to cast down the towr of Kelso Abbaye and to burne the 
towne ; the town of Sm'lawes, the town of Ormyston, and 
the Mossehouse.' 

Severe abroad. Sir Thomas Dacre, or Lord Thomas Dacre, 
as he was called, was careful at home. He took strict care 
that the Scots should have little chance of making reprisals 
in England. He built Askerton Castle, as his initials show, 
to guard against inroads from Scotland by Bewcastle and 
the Maiden Way. He built Drumburgh Castle, out of 
materials from the Roman Wall, to stop invasions across the 
Solway, and his arms, with the garter round them, are still 
over the door of the farmhouse into which the castle has been 
converted. He also built the outworks and much of the 
upper part of Naworth Castle. Lord Thomas Dacre died 


in 1525, and he and his wife Elizabeth de Greystoke are 
buried at Lanercost, under a tomb on the south side of the 

His eldest son succeeded as William, Lord Dacre of 
Gilisland and Greystoke, and as Lord Warden of the 
Marches, in which capacity he is admitted to have been 
rough upon the Scots, for, being indicted for treason at 
Westminster, he was acquitted by his peers, as Dugdale 
says : 

* By reason that the witnesses were Scotchmen of mean 
condition, who were thought to be suborned, and to speak 
maliciously against him, in regard of his severity towards 
them as Warden of the Marches.' 

Lord William stood aloof from Aske's rebellion. He was 
Governor of Carlisle in the reigns of Edward vi., Mary, and 
Elizabeth, though not continuously. He died in 1563, and 
was buried in Carlisle Cathedral, leaving five sons — Thomas, 
Leonard, Francis, George and Edward — and five daughters. 
Thomas succeeded his father as Lord Dacre, but died in 1566, 
leaving one son George, a lad not five years old, and three 
daughters, Ann, Elizabeth, and Mary, of whom the eldest, 
Ann, was little over twelve years of age at her father's death. 
The mother of these children was Elizabeth Leybourne, 
daughter to Sir James Leybourne of Cunswick, co. West- 
morland. She married, shortly after her first husband's 
death, Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, as third wife, but she did 
not long survive. Shortly after his mother's death the little 
Lord George was killed by a fall from a wooden horse, and 
thus his three sisters became his co-heirs, who all being 
minors, the duke, their stepfather, obtained a grant of their 


wardship and marriage, and disposed of them to his three 
sons : Ann marrying the Earl of Arundel ; Mary, Thomas, 
Lord Howard of Walden, afterwards Earl of Suffolk ; and 
Elizabeth, Lord William Howard, the duke's third son. 

A great controversy arose about the dignities and pos- 
sessions of the young lord so unfortunately killed, and the 
controversy divided into two separate questions — that of 
the dignities and that of the possessions. A commission 
appointed for that purpose decided that the dignities did not 
go to the heir-male, Leonard Dacre, but to the heirs-general. 
High authorities have doubted the correctness of this decision, 
but it prevailed. Thus the barony of Dacre of Gilsland, or 
of the North, fell into abeyance between the three co-heirs, 
and has ever since remained in abeyance, for the dignity of 
Baron Dacre of Gilsland, now held by the Earl of Carlisle, 
is a new creation by patent, in the year 1660, with precedence 
from that date. 

The controversy as to the possessions of the little Lord 
Dacre was more important and more protracted. Three 
of the Dacre uncles in succession tried to wrest the estates 
from their young nieces, and Queen Elizabeth put in her 
claim to them, but the ladies ultimately prevailed, though 
they had to redeem their possessions as mere strangers at 
a very high rate, about ;^ 10,000 a piece. Lady Elizabeth 
Dacre thus brought to her husband. Lord William Howard, 
great share of the Dacres' estates, including the barony of 
Gilsland, which has ever since remained with the Howards, 
and is now the property of the Earl of Carlisle. 

The original caput baronice of the barony of Gilsland was 
at Irthington ; the barons of the lines of De Vaux and 


Multon never lived at Naworth Castle. It did not exist as 
a residence in their days. Though the Vauxes seem to have 
dearly loved the north, the Multons preferred Holbeache in 
Lincolnshire, and even the Dacres, who created Naworth, 
seemed to have resided at Kirkoswald. Lord William 
Howard made Naworth Castle into an English home. 



We have now traced our descent through the Cliffords down 
to the time of Dorothy Clifford, the only child by his second 
marriage (with Florence Pudsay), of Henry, Lord Clifford, 
tenth Lord of the House of Skipton. The descent now 
passes from the Clifford family to that of Lowther, Dorothy 
Clifford having married Sir Hugh Lowther of Lowther. 

The following extract from Collins' Peerage of England, 
1774-5 edition, p. 342, gives us the following information : — 

Sir John Lowther, Captain of Carlisle Castle = Lucy, daughter of Sir Christopher 
37 Henry viii.. Sheriff of Cumberland 7 and I Curwen of Workington, co. 
34 Henry viil. and 4 Edward VI. Cumberland. 


Sir Hugh Lowther. 

Dorothy, daughter and 
only child of Henry, Lord 
Clifford, by Florence, his 
second wife, daughter of 
Henry Pudsey, Lord of 
Bolton, CO. York, Esq., 
and sister to Henry 
Clifford, ist Earl of 
Cumberland, whose 
mother Anne was daugh- 
ter of John St. John, 
cousin-german to King 
Henry vii. 


Sir William 


married John 

of Rydall,co. 
land, Esq. 

Dalton of 
CO. West- 
Esq., 57 
Henry viil. 


Sir Richard 

- Frances, 

Gerald Lowther 

Margaret = 




daughter of 

of Penrith, 



Lord Warden 

John Middle- 

Sheriff of Cumber- 

of H vet 


of the 

ton of Middle- 

land 5 Elizabeth ; 



West Marches. 

ton, CO. 

knight of skill for 





same co. 


27th Jan. 1607, 


43 Elizabeth. 

aged 77. 

From wh 

om we 


It seems almost superfluous to say much about the 
Lowther family, who have been seated in Cumberland and 
Westmorland at Lowther Hall for many hundreds of years. 
At the time we are writing of, the Lowther family for the 
first time in their history appear to be rising into more than 
local importance, and were pushing their way among the 
greater actors, most of whom were actuated by the most 
selfish motives, little in accordance with the overwhelming 
importance to all future ages of the momentous era in which 
they lived. The principal factor of their rise in the social 
scale was undoubtedly their two Clifford alliances. Richard 
Lowther, who was the son of Sir Hugh Lowther by his 
marriage with Dorothy Clifford, was High Sheriff in the 
8th and 30th of Queen Elizabeth. He succeeded his cousin 
Henry, Lord Scrope, as Lord Warden of the West Marches, 
and was thrice commissioner in the great affairs between 
England and Scotland, temp. Queen Elizabeth, and in the 
same reign when Mary Queen of Scots fled into England, 
and arrived at Workington in Cumberland in May 1568, 
Elizabeth sent orders to Sir Richard, during his Sheriffalty, 
that he should convey the Scottish Queen to Carlisle Castle ; 
but while Mary was in custody the Sheriff incurred the 
displeasure of his queen by admitting the Duke of Norfolk 
to visit the fair prisoner. 

The story of the meeting between the Earl of Northumber- 
land and Sir Richard Lowther is fully told in Brenan's House 
of Percy (vol. i. p. 269). Northumberland fully expected 
that Mary Queen of Scots would be delivered into his 
custody, and he got a so-called ' order in the queen's name ' 
signed by several members of the Northern Council sitting 


at York. Armed with this document he hastened with a 
large escort to Cariisle. But the Deputy Warden of the 
Western Marches was a cautious man, and being of the 
Protestant persuasion probably doubted Northumberland's 
intentions. He refused to accept the earl's warrant in 
nomine regincB as authentic, and positively refused to give 
up the Scots queen without a direct command from Elizabeth 
or her secretary. 

Such a rebuff enraged Northumberland to the utmost. 
He stormed at Lowther as a Hotspur might have done, and 
expressed his amazement that a mere country gentleman 
should presume to play gaoler to a queen. But notwith- 
standing his furious words and undisguised contempt, he 
failed to move Lowther, who would only allow him to visit 
Mary accompanied by one page, as though he meditated 
carrying her off. 

Lowther thus describes the attack made upon him 
{Lowther to Scrope : State Paper) : 

' The Earl used some rough words towards me, adding 
too that I was too mean a man to have such a charge, and 
that he marvelled how I could take it in hand. Afterwards 
he sent for me to his lodging, and growing into some heat 
and anger, gave me great threatening, with many evil words, 
and a like language, calling me a varlet, and such others, as 
I had neither deserved at his hands, neither at any man's 
for the servyce of the Prynce.' 

Sir Hugh Lowther (the father of Sir Richard Lowther), 
who although he had made a brilliant alliance by marrying 
Dorothy Clifford, appears, in some way which is entirely 


unknown, to have become entirely alienated from his father 
Sir John Lowther, and we find a record of the unhappy 
dissension in the will of the latter, dated 3rd February 1552, 
in which he is disinherited in the following words : ' I wych 
that all my lands shall dyscend to Richard Lowther accord- 
ing to a fine levied at London paying to his father (Sir Hugh) 
four score markes yerelye. Also I wych yt Jarrard Lowther 
shall have Scrubbe and Settbarre during his lyffe natural 
and after his decease to return to the right heirs of me, the 
said Sir John Lowther ' ; and further on, as if Richard were 
not altogether in his good graces, he says : * Also I wyll 
Henrye Lowther and Rychard Lowther shall have nothing 
to do with any goods of myn.' 

Sir Hugh Lowther by his marriage with Dorothy Clifford 
had issue : — 

1. Richard Lowther, who married Frances Middleton. 

2. Gerard Lowther, who married Lucy Dudley, of the 
family of the Dudleys, Earls of Warwick and Dukes of 

i. Ann Lowther, married Thomas Wybergh. 
ii. Margaret Lowther, married John Richmond (our 
ancestor) . 

iii. Frances Lowther, married Henry Goodyer. 
iv. Barbara Lowther, married Thomas Carleton. 

If any members of the family are interested in their 
descent from the Lowther family, if they happen to be in 
Penrith, it would be well worth their while to visit Gerard 
Lowther's house, now known as * The Two Lions Hotel,' 


and have a look at the arms given on the ceilings in different 
parts of the house. 

All with the exception of the Featherstonhaugh coat are 
found on the ceiling of the room now used as a billiard-room, 
together with the date 1585. On the lintel of the fireplace 
in the hall are three shields of arms, the central one being 
Lowther impaling Clifford ; the one on the right, Lowther 
impahng Middleton ; and that on the left, Lowther impaling 
Dudley with an annulet. On the ceiling of the hall are 
several arrangements of shields. In one part a shield bearing 
Lowther impaling Clifford forms a centre, round which in a 
circle are shields bearing Lowther combined with Middleton, 
Dudley, Richmond, Wybergh, Goodyer and Carleton : on 
another part a shield bearing Lowther impaling Dudley, 
with an annulet and the letters G.L. : and in a third part of 
the same apartment the arms of Featherstonhaugh. On 
the ceilings of a room over the billiard-room are the arms of 

C T 

Lowther impaling Dudley with a crescent, the letters ' 

for Gerard and Lucy Lowther, and the date 1586, all within 
a circle. The same arms have been repeated over and over 
again, for many loose shields are preserved in the house which 
owes its name of * The Two Lions ' to two shields, bearing 
the Dudley arms, which once existed on the outside of the 

The marriage between Margaret Lowther and John 
Richmond terminates our connection with the Lowther 

We have now to pass on to the Richmond family of 
Highhead Castle, about whom I shall have a good deal to 


say, and the main part of the information which I possess 
on the subject is derived from a paper which was read on 
the Richmonds of Highhead Castle, by the late WilHam 
Jackson, F.S.A., and was printed in the Transactions of the 
Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archceological 
Society (vol. ii. p. io8). 




Frances Richmond, 
bapt. at Dalston, 
27 Dec. 1577- 

III. Francis Richmond. 

Margaret Lowther, 
daughter of Sir Hugh 
Lowther of Lowther, 
most probably d. be- 
fore her husband. 

Margaret Orfeure, 
daughter of 
Orfeure, of High 
Close, Plumbland, 
survived her hus- 

■ (2) J^^LA Chaytor, daughter 

^aughony Chaytor of Croft 

FletcL^l^gljij.g_ mar. at Croft 

tire Hj5j2 ; mar. settlement 

S Mar. 1612; bur. at 

20 July 1630 (?). 

John Richmond, Francis Richmond, MabEj..j.j, Richmond, = Richa 

bur. at Dalston, bur. at Dalston 15 ter . oii 

' Infans ' 20 June June 1618. Joh 


Mary Lawson, daughter i= 
of Sir Wilfred Lawson 
of Isell, bur. at Newton 
5 Aug. 1672 (as p. both 
register and monu- 

(2)VLCii(~j. Richmond, Isabei 
bapt. at at Newton bur. 

Wm d^y 1655. 6ja 

proved 1 

1 I 
Christopher Richmond, 

bapt. at Newton 23 Nov. 

Mabel Richmond, bapt. 

and bur. at Newtin Jan. 


Jane Richmond, b. c. 1668, 
mar. at Newton 14 Mar. 
1696, William Stephen- 
son, of Plumpton, bur. 
at Newton 5 May 1731. 


• kwood. 

(i) Sarah Rich 
bapt. at New 
Jan. i68i,d. 


(Information derived from 'The Richmonds of Highhead Castle,' by 
William Jackson, F.S.A., in Transactions of Cumberland and West- 
morland Antiquarian Society, vol. ii. p. io8.) 

The family of Richmond was of great local importance in 
the West Riding of Yorkshire from a very early period, in 
virtue of their hereditary Constableship of Richmond Castle, 
a position, in the absence of the great feudal lords of that 
fee, scarcely less important than that of absolute ownership. 
The original name of the family was Musard ; but the 
official finally supplanted the family name. Ronald de 
Richmond became possessed of the Manor of Corby and 
certain lands in, if not of, the Manor of Torcrossock, through 
his marriage with Isabella, the daughter and heiress of 
Robert de Corby, The prominent position in the kingdom 
occupied by their son and heir, Thomas de Richmond, is 
evidenced by his being named, and his valour especially 
signalised, in the ancient poem, written in Anglo-Norman, 
on the siege of Carlaverock, which occurred in the year 1300. 
In this record we are told : 

' Thomas de Richmond comes once more. 
One gallant charge he led before : 
Vermilion clad ; on vermeil field 
Gold chief with twice twin bars, his shield. 


Brave lances he again has brought, 
And madly they the bridge have sought, 
Thundering for entry ; on each head 
Stones and cornues are fiercely shed. 
But recklessly De Richmond's band 
Drive back the stones with furious hand, 
While those within as madly pour 
On head and neck the ceaseless shower.' 

He was rewarded for his exploits at this siege by a grant of 
the Castle and Honour of Cockermouth for life. He had 
two sons, Thomas and John ; the former is said to have 
died without issue, but I doubt the statement. Elizabeth, 
the heiress of the latter, married Sir Nicholas de Stapleton. 
In the year 1323, Richard and Rowland Richmond combined 
to alienate Corby to the unfortunate Sir Andrew de Harcla, 
who, it is especially worthy of notice in connection with our 
subject, was also Lord of Highhead at the time of his seizure. 
After this alienation a night of two centuries closes over the 
name so far as regards Cumberland. 

The surname of Richmond meets us in the earliest pages 
of the parish register of St. Bees (a.d. 1543), and I believe 
that families of that name, still flourishing at Cross Canonby, 
were seated there as early, perhaps much earlier, than the 
commencement of the sixteenth century, and that their kin 
extended thence up the valley of the Ellen to Oughterside 
and Brayton ; for numerous wills belonging to individuals 
of that name resident in this district occur in the registry of 
Carlisle, from the earliest period those records have been 
preserved ; whether they were connected with, or descended 
from, the Corby Richmonds, I cannot say, and it is equally 


uncertain from what source the John Richmond sprang, 
who, about the year 1550, purchased from WiUiam Restwold 
the Castle of Highhead, which had remained in his family 
from about the year 1375. We must be content also to 
remain in ignorance of how John, or his father, perhaps, 
amassed the money which enabled the former to purchase 
this ancient castle and manor. The licence to crenellate 
' manerium suum de Heyvehead,' which Parker, in the list of 
licences given in his work on Domestic Architecture, very 
strangely and erroneously places in Essex, had been granted 
two hundred years before, in 1343, to ' Willielmus Lengleys 
dilectus valletus noster,' as he is called in the instrument 
of Edward iii., but it had, no doubt, been fortified long 
previously, and perhaps dismantled after the Harcla rebellion 
and forfeiture. He may have been, and most probably was, 
a descendant of the old constables of Richmond, for he bore 
the arms of that ancient family ; but then he may have 
assumed them without due warrant, as we learn from 
Dugdale it was by no means unusual to do even at that 
early period, though the assumption was scarcely so common 
as it is in our day. Perhaps he may have made his fortune 
in trade, just as the Fletchers were doing at this very time, 
and who were as rapidly received into the ranks of the gentry 
as numerous other industrious and successful men. Be 
that as it may, he married the daughter of Hugh Lowther, 
whose wife, Dorothy, was a daughter of Henry Clifford, the 
' Shepherd lord ' ; another sister married Thomas Wybergh, 
and a third, Thomas Carleton of Carleton. Their brother, 
Richard Lowther, is well known as the first custodian of 
Queen Mary when she landed in Cumberland. 


Either John died young, or he was advanced in years 
when he married, for he was buried at Dalston, i8th January 
1574, his brother-in-law, Richard Lowther, surviving him 
thirty-three years ; and as he makes no mention of his wife 
in his will, I presume that she predeceased him. His will 
is in the registry at Carlisle, and is a good specimen of one of 
that time, and enables us to extend a little the genealogy of 
the family. Though it does not give the names of the 
daughters, it corroborates the statements of the Braddyll 
and Martin pedigrees that he had daughters, and there has, 
therefore, been no difficulty in copying the names of them- 
selves and their husbands, especially as the sources seem 
independent of and consistent with each other. 

The son and successor of this founder or refounder of 
the line, another John, married (Burn and Nicolson say), ' a 
daughter of Dacre, younger brother of the Lord Dacre, by 
whom he had no issue.' The Dalston register confirms this 
statement so far as the name is concerned, for it records that 
' December 13, 1576, John Richmond and Magdalen Dacre 
were married ' ; but I confess that after some research I 
am unable to fix her paternity, about which I am curious ; 
for the Dacres were in great trouble at this period, and the 
bride coming to her husband to be married, as she did, is 
noteworthy. The statement of Burn and Nicolson that she 
had no issue is not literally true, as a reference to the Chart 
Pedigree will show, but probably Frances the daughter died 
young. When Magdalen died, and when John Richmond 
married his second wife, Mary, daughter of Tho?nas Dalston 
of Uldale, we are uninformed ; but, in the face of all the 
published pedigrees, I am bound to enter her as Mary, and 


not Margaret, for so she is called in the register of Dalston. 
True, this Mary might be a third wife, but there is no record 
of a third marriage, and genealogists know well that, so far 
from mistakes in female names being uncommon, it is almost 
exceptional to find them correctly given at this remote 
period, and this pedigree will furnish other instances of the 
frequency of this kind of error. John Richmond was himself 
buried at Dalston, 29th October 1597. 

The will of Christopher Richmond, his brother, of Feddon 
Well, in the parish of Castle Sowerby, informs us of the 
existence of a connection with the Orfeures of High Close, 
in the parish of Plumbland, and also supplies other genea- 
logical information. Feddon Well, where he lived and died, 
is not to be found even on the Ordnance maps ; but I am 
informed that there is a place called * The Well ' near 
the parish church, which most likely marks the site of 
Christopher's dwelling. There is no inventory existing to 
this will. 

The marriage of Francis Richmond, the eldest son of 
John, who probably succeeded his father, but who left no 
family, furnishes a wonderful conflict of evidence, which, as 
a specimen of the difficulties with which the genealogist has 
to contend, are stated in detail. Burn and Nicolson give 
Francis as the third son, and say that he married a daughter 
of Launcelot Fletcher of Tallentire. The Martin pedigree 
gives him his proper position as eldest son, but agrees with Burn 
and Nicolson with regard to his marriage. The Braddyl pedi- 
gree styles her ' Bridget, the daughter of Launcelot. ' Jefferson 
states that Thomas Patrickson of Carswell How married 
Jane, widow of Francis Richmond, and daughter of Launcelot 


Fletcher. Whitaker, in his edition of Thoresby's Ducatus 
Leodiensis, asserts that Jane, daughter of George Fletcher of 
Tallentire, was thrice married, but gives only one marriage ; 
that with Henry Featherstonhaugh, to whom she bore 
Timothy, the great loyalist. Finally, in Betham's 
Baronetage, a very reliable work, it is stated in the pedigree 
of the Fletchers of Clea Hall, that Jane, a daughter of 
George Fletcher, sister of Launcelot, and widow of Thomas 
Fletcher, married Francis Richmond. 

In connection with this marriage, with the fact that Sir 
Richard Fletcher, the first of his name of Hutton, married 
Mary, the sister of Francis Richmond, and that the Sandys 
family had more than one alliance with the Fletchers also, 
the following entry in the St. Bees register, already alluded 
to, may not be deemed altogether irrelevant : 

' 1543, 23 August, Will'm Richmond et filia Rogeri Sands, 
nupt. fuer.' 

Upon the decease of Francis Richmond, about whose 
burial the Dalston register does not supply any information, 
Christopher, his younger brother, became lord of Highhead. 
He was the first of four of that name in lineal descent, and 
this fact has caused great confusion in the pedigree, the 
marriage of one having been attributed to another, 
Hutchinson's History of Cumberland, or the compilation 
bearing that name, getting into a maze of confusion on that 
as well as other points in the pedigree. 

The married life of this Christopher with Anne Mayplett, 
his first wife, was very brief. The marriage was on the 4th 
July 161 1 ; she was buried on the 20th of the following May, 
and her son John on the 20th of June 1620. 


As great a discrepancy of evidence can be shown with 
regard to the Christian name of Christopher's second wife, 
the mother of his heir and several other children, but Mr. 
Jackson adopts the name under which she was buried at 
Dalston ; not that of Elizabeth, nor yet that of Margaret, 
but Isabella. All agree that she was the daughter of 
Anthony Chaytor, of Croft Hall, Yorkshire ; and yet even 
Mr. Foster, whose general accuracy is so very remarkably 
manifested in that wonderful monument of genealogical 
industry. The Pedigrees of Yorkshire, sub voce Chaytor, 
buries poor Isabella sine prole 1613. She certainly lived till 
July 1632, on the 20th of which month she was buried at 
Dalston, leaving several children. Her son, Christopher, 
when making additions to and repairing the old fabric of 
Catterlen Hall, put up a chimney-piece in the room which 
Machell calls a dining-room, and Dr. Taylor a bedroom (as 
it now is), forming part of the erection of 1574 by Rowland 
Vaux. Machell, it is surprising to note, failed to recognise 
the arms on the impalement, which are, first and fourth 
party per bend indented, three cinquefoils two and one, 
counter-changed, being the arms of Christopher's mother, 
Isabella Chaytor, quartering second and third her grand- 
mother's arms, the heiress of Clervaux of Croft Hall. It is 
curious to note that the colours, if ever blazoned (as they 
almost certainly would be, if only because they are so care- 
fully and vividly displayed on the contemporary chimney- 
pieces to which reference is made hereafter), had disappeared 
as far back as Machell's time, as is shown by the extract 
Dr. Taylor gives in his paper on Catterlen Hall. One must 
dismiss as altogether unreliable, where there can be any 


room for doubt, various coats of arms painted on wood 
existing at Highhead Castle, amongst which there is one 
coat not quite identical with the above, but perhaps meant 
to be so. It is doubtful whether they are as old as the re- 
edification of Henry Richmond Brougham's time. 

The date of his marriage with Eleanor Bewley, or of her 
death, cannot be supplied, though she probably survived 
her husband, who was buried at Dalston, 15th February 1643, 
leaving, as the Chart Pedigree shows, three children by his 
third marriage. 

Christopher, the second of the name, added wealth and 
lustre to his family by his marriage with Mabel, co-heiress of 
John Vaux of Catterlen Hall. It is pleasant to think that 
this was not a marriage of interest only, but of real affection. 
Many additions were made to Catterlen Hall during the 
lifetime of this happy pair, but your special attention is 
invited to the two chimney-pieces in the portion added during 
their lives. The one on the right on entering bears an oval- 
shaped wreath enclosing a red rose side by side with a white 
one, whilst underneath, but separated by a slip, perhaps of 
myrtle, perhaps of rosemary, perhaps of southernwood, is 
a heart. Surely we have here the elements of a romance, 
as well as the allusion to a fact. 

Perhaps in the old times of the Red and White Roses the 
Richmonds and Vauxes espoused hostile sides, and now, in 
1657, they had but one heart. The other chimney-piece, 
to the left on entering, has similar significance. The wreath 

here encloses ^^-^ in letters of gold, united by a true lover's 


knot of red silken cord, curiously intertwisted through every 
letter, and ending in tassels. Both chimney-pieces bear the 
date 1657, each figure forming, as it were, the corner of a 
square outside the wreath. 

As we are descended from this marriage I give some 
particulars about the Vauxes of Catterlen. 

In the Sandford MS., written about 1675, I have found 
the following : — 

' And so to Highgate Castle a pretty little Tower house : 
the owner Sqr Christopher Richmond, a very ancient gentill 
family : and his father Mr. Crister Richmond married the 
sister of Sir William Chater of Croft, Yorkshire, and this 
sqr now living marries Mr. Vaux his daughter : an ancient 
Sqr familie and branch of the Lord Vaux of Gilsland married 
the coheir of Caterlen Hall a faire Tower house and tenents.' 

' Richmond living there married the daughter 

of Sir Wilfred Lawson.' 

In Denton's ' Accompt of the most considerable Estates 
and Families in the co. of Cumberland from the Conquest 
to the Beginning of the Reign of King James I.' we find, 
under the barony of Gilsland, that ' Hubert de Vallibus 
had two brethren, Robert de Dalston and Reginald de 
Sowerby : to this Reginald he gave Catterlen in Gilsland 
and Huberthy beside Curbell which gift Randolph Mischiens 

I. John de Vaux, knight of Catterlen, is the first of 
whom we find mention, and probably the original grantee, 
for Catterlen, or Kaderleng, as it is then called, was con- 
firmed to Hubert de Vaux in the charter of Henry 11., which 


must have been made between 1154 and 1167, and Sir John 
was of this Manor, 16 Henry 11. (1170). He was succeeded 
by his son, 

II. John de Vaux, knight of Catterlen, 32 Henry 11. 
(1186). His successor was his son, 

III. William de Vaux, of whom no special mention is 

IV. William de Vaux living here in the reign of Henry 
III., and who had issue two sons : 

1. William, his successor. 

2. John, from whom descended the Vauxes of Odiham, 


V. William de Vaux, married the daughter and heiress 
of a collateral branch of the Vauxes of Tryermaine, by whom 
he left— 

1. William, his successor. 

2. Rowland, who had issue Ralph, who had Robert. 

3. James. 

4. John. 

VI. William de Vaux, who was seated here 24 Edward 
III. (135 1). He married a daughter of Richard de Salkeld 
of Korkely, and left a son, 

VII. John de Vaux, of whom mention is made 48 Edward 
III. (1375). He had issue three sons : 

1. John, who succeeded his father. 

2. William. 

3. Robert. 


VIII. John de Vaux, who was living at Catterlen 20 
Richard 11. (1397). This may be that John de Vaux who in 
the Brougham pedigree is set down as having married a 
daughter of John de Brougham, who is there stated to have 
been Sheriff of Cumberland in 1383, but the name of that 
family does not occur in the lists as either sheriff or knight 
of the shire until 6 William and Mary, when Henry Brougham 
of Scales filled the former office. 

IX. John de Vaux, who is mentioned 4 Henry iv. (1403). 
He left four sons : 

1. William, his successor. 

2. John. 

3. Thomas. 

4. Henry. 

X. William de Vaux, who married a daughter of 
Brougham, and was residing at Catterlen 8 Henry v. (1421). 

XI. William de Vaux, living 20 Edward iv. (1481), 
married a daughter of Dalamere, by whom he had, 

XII. John de Vaux, who married a daughter of 
Crackenthorpe. He was living during the reign of Richard 
III., and by her left issue a son, 


By a second marriage with Mary, daughter of 
Skelton, he had, 

John, from whom descended a numerous progeny. 

XIII. William de Vaux, seated at Catterlen during the 
reigns of Henry vii. and vili. He is mentioned in the list 
of those liable to border service given in Sir Thomas 


Wharton's letter, dated 34 Henry viii. (1543), whence it 
appears he was liable to send four horse and six footmen 
towards the defence of the Border. He married a daughter 
of Leybourne, and had issue four sons and two 

daughters : 

1. Robert, died without issue. 

2. John. 

3. Rowland. 

4. Gilbert. 

i. Mary, married Thomas Salkeld of Whitehall, 

ii. Dorothy, married Senhouse of Seascale 

Hall, Cumberland. 

XIV. John Vaux, who it seems held Catterlen 35 
Henry viii. (1544), by the service of paying to the king 
22d. yearly. 

XV. Roland Vaux, particular notice of whom will be 
found under the description of the Hall, married Ann, 
daughter of Salkeld, and by her had a large 
family : 

1. William, his successor. 

2. Thomas, by his wife or wives had a very numerous 


3. Humphrey. 

4. Richard. 

5. John. 

i. Jane, married to Sir William Hutton, by whom 
she had a family. 


ii. Isabel, married to John Simpson, by whom she had 

iii. Phillas, died young. 

XVI. William Vaux, married Jane , and by her 
had a son, his successor, and five daughters : 

I. John. 

i. Ann, 

ii. Jane. 
iii. Mary. 
iv. Dorothy. 

V. Barbara. 

XVII. John Vaux, married Mabel Musgrave, by whom 
he had — 

1. Madaleine, died young. 

2. Mabel, married to Christopher Richmond of High- 

head (from whom we are descended). 

3. Mary, married to William Graham of Nunnery. 
Arms. — Or a fess chequy, gules, and of the field, between 

three garbs of the second, banded of the first ; in chief, a 
label of three points. 

The mansion-house of Catterlen Hall, situated on a hill, 
at the base of which flows the Petteril, is a good specimen of 
the Border peel castle, with later erections, indicating the 
additional security which advancing civilisation afforded. 
The old house probably dates back as far as the Wars of the 
Roses, but we possess no information as to the builder. 
The first enlargement was made by that Rowland Vaux who 
died in 1586, as appears from a carving in stone over the 


door, having first and fourth the arms of Vaux ; second and 
third a cross moHne within a roundel, with the inscription, 

* Let mercy and faith never go from thee ' ; and underneath, 

* At this time is Rowland Vaux lord of this place and builded 
this house in the year of God 1577.' The letters * R.V.' 

* A.V.,' his own and his wife's initials, being at the four corners. 
The second addition to the Hall was made during the 
Richmond period, and consists of a court-house and retiring- 
room, reached by a lofty flight of steps from the courtyard, 
with inferior rooms below. 

Above the grand door on ascending the steps is perceived 
the arms of Vaux quartering those of Richmond (two bars 
gemells), with the motto ' Deo vivente juvante.' Over the 
chimney-piece in the hall, and in the centre, with the date 
1657, is a wreath enclosing a heart and two roses. In a 
similar position in the retiring-room is the same date with 


the letters enclosed in a wreath. Another chimney-piece 

in the Middle Age part of the Hall is said to display the coat 
of Richmond, impaling quarterly first and fourth per bend 
indented three roses or, second and third a saltire. 

We now come back to this second Christopher's second 
marriage, with Magdalen Huddleston, which took place at 
Greystoke, 9th October 1662. There were four children of 
this union, and a singular point arises in connection with the 
two eldest. Dorothy was baptized at Dalston, 27th January 
1663-4, and the baptism of Dorothy is recorded at Newton, 
1st February 1663-4. Margery's baptism is recorded at 
Dalston, 2nd February 1664, and blank day and month at 


Newton 1665. One could understand these entries if they 
had been recorded at the two places with the same or con- 
siderably different dates, but as they stand they are puzzling. 

Christopher, the third, married Mary, the daughter of 
Sir Wilfrid Lawson of Isell, and she bore at least four children, 
of whom one was a son Christopher, baptized 23rd November 
1 67 1, and another a daughter Jane, who married William 
Stephenson, who, according to the monument in Newton 
Church, died nth May 1732, and his wife, 1st March 1739-40. 
The register states that he was buried 5th May 1731, and she 
13th April 1739. Their surviving daughter Mary, became the 
wife of George Simpson of Thackwood hereafter named. 

The third Christopher did not marry Isabella Towerson 
until the 1 8th of June 1678, as the Dalston register informs 
us, whilst a Christopher was born at Catterlen Hall 14th of 
November 1675. 

Of Isabella Towerson my knowledge is briefly summed up 
in the statement that she was a widow when Christopher 
Richmond met her at Carlisle, that her maiden name was 
Reynolds, and that it is asserted that her father was an Irish 
Dean. Probably the Richmonds were not without striking 
features of character before the connection with her, but it 
is quite certain that she was a remarkable woman, and 
transmitted great energy of character to her descendants, who, 
as the Chart Pedigree shows, were very numerous. 

As regards the Towerson family, it is interesting to record 
that a member of that family made a noise in the world in 
the days of Queen Elizabeth ; one who was altogether worthy 
to be named with the Raleighs and Drakes of the time, whose 


fights with the Portuguese, the French and the Spaniards, as 
recorded in the pages of Hakluyt, are quite as fascinating, 
and as much filled with ' deeds of derring-do ' as Sir Richard 
Grenville's fight of the Revenge related by Sir Walter Raleigh, 
the prose of whose narrative even the poetry of the laureate 
has failed to excel. This man was William Towerson. 

It is recorded in the great Percy survey of 1578 that at 
that time William Towerson held under the Earl of North- 
umberland a property at Bransby of the yearly rent of 
twenty shillings, which his ancestors had held from an early 
period. That William Towerson, the nautical hero and hero 
of the African voyages of 1555, 1556 and .1576, was a member 
of the family may be considered certain from the following 
facts. Mr. Jackson owned a manuscript copy of Flower's 
Visitation of Cumberland, written in a seventeenth-century 
hand. Mr. R. S. Ferguson detected appended to the 
Visitation and in the same handwriting a grant by Flower of 
an augmentation to the family, dated 28th January 1581, 
to ' William Towerson, citizen and merchant of London, and 
a younger brother of the family of the Towerson of Coupland, 
in the county of Cumberland,' on account of the doughty 
deeds which are related in the simplest language by the 
navigator himself in the pages of Hakluyt. Towerson prob- 
ably first looked on the sea from the heights of Bransby. 

There is a good deal of interesting information regarding 
this third Christopher in his will, from which we learn that he 
died before the 19th December 1693, on which day it was 
proved at Carlisle. 

Christopher, the fourth in lineal descent, was married in 


East Allendale Church, in June 1696, to Elizabeth Watson, 
daughter of Hugh Watson of Holmes, in that parish. He 
had a son of his own name born at Catterlen Hall and 
baptized at Newton, 15th September 1697, but as no further 
mention of him is made he probably predeceased his father. 
A daughter named Elizabeth was born at Catterlen Hall, 
and was baptized at Newton, 2nd April 1699. She died un- 
married 1 8th September 1768, and was interred in St. 
Margaret's Church, St. Oswald's parish, Durham. She and 
her sister Isabella, baptized at Allendale 8th June 1701, 
became upon the death of their father in May 1702 the 
oldest representatives of the family, and the heirship-general 
now exists in Martin, Esq., a descendant of the 

aforesaid Isabella, through her marriage with John Hutchinson 
of Frawell Gate, Durham. 

It is unnecessary to continue this branch of the pedigree 
further, for there is nothing new to add to the Martin 
pedigree, which is given very fully in the first edition of 
Burke's Commoners. 

Upon the death of the last adult Christopher at the early 
age of twenty-six years, Henry, who was then only twelve 
years old, succeeded to the inheritance of Highhead Castle 
and Catterlen Hall, and until he attained his majority he was 
under the guardianship of his mother, to whom he was most 
tenderly attached, for in his will, bearing date the 1st 
September 17 16, he bequeathed all his earthly possessions 
to her in the most absolute and affectionate terms. He died 
on the nth, and was buried at Newton on the 14th of the 
same month. He was the last male of the Richmond 


Isabella Miller (formerly Isabella Reynolds, Towerson 
and Richmond) had by her marriage with Matthias Miller, 
merchant, of Whitehaven, become entitled to his name, was 
now the lady of Highhead and Catterlen. Her third 
husband, at any rate, knew the value of learning, for his 
name occurs several times as a donor of books to the library 
of St. Bees School. He was now probably dead. 

She ruled (judging from her will she was an imperious 
dame) and enjoyed her wealth and dignities till the month 
of June 1739, on the 14th of which she was buried at Newton 
beside her son : being sixty-one years subsequent to her 
marriage with his father, her second husband, Christopher 
Richmond. Her elaborate but lucid will must have cost her 
a world of thought, and by its aid we are enabled to clear 
up many obscurities in the pedigree which have hitherto 
baffled genealogists, though there still remain a few points 
to clear up. Her main object was to make her grandson, 
Henry Richmond Brougham, the head and patriarch of a 
new Highhead line : and in this ambition she had an enthus- 
iastic coadjutor in his uncle by the father's side, John, 
commonly called Commissioner Brougham, the proprietor 
of the neighbouring estate of Scales Hall, the owner of 
Moresby and of Distington and the purchaser of Brougham 
Hall. He very probably assisted with Susanna Richmond, 
who took an interest in her estate for life, in the rebuilding 
of Highhead Castle on a scale of magnificence, regarding the 
expenditure on which, and the foreign artificers employed, 
much traditional gossip may still be heard in the neighbour- 
hood. He was anxious that his nephew and intended heir 
should bear and support with splendour the office of sheriff 


of the county, and that he might do so made over to him 
four copyhold estates, which, owing to his unexpected death 
in 1749, the year of his Shrievalty, stood in his name at his 

Upon the death of Henry Richmond Brougham the works 
at the castle were at once discontinued, and have never 
been resumed. 

Under the will of Isabella Miller, Susannah Richmond 
became owner of the castle and estate for life, and as she 
had already exercised the right of pre-emption she enjoyed, 
under the same will, with regard to Catterlen Hall and Manor, 
the ancient glories of these ancestral homes were for a brief 
period restored before the impending alienation of both. 
Many stories of her bountiful housekeeping are still current 
in the neighbourhood. Mr. Jackson says that some ale of 
her special brewing still remains at Greystoke Castle, pre- 
sented by her to Charles, Duke of Norfolk, and that not 
long ago he conversed with a gentleman who had possessed 
some, and in attempting a description was puzzled to say 
whether it was most like ale or spirit ; and he had heard also 
a curious anecdote about her first acquaintance with tea. 
She must have been a brave housewife and truly one of the 
olden time. In her will we have another example of her 
devoted affection which united several members of this 
family : and when we read ' Inter my body in the parish 
church of Newton, as near as may be to my lately dearly 
beloved mother ' (who had been buried there thirty-five 
years), we are powerfully reminded of the words of Scripture, 
* Bury me in the sepulchre of my fathers, lay my bones 
beside their bones,' and that this was done the parish register 


proves : * 1774, January 9th, Mrs. Susannah Richmond of 
Highhead Castle was buried, aged 87.' 

Upon the decease of Susannah, the Catterlen estate passed 
under her will to Isabella, the wife of Henry Curwen, Esq., 
of Workington Hall [this Isabella was the daughter of William 
Gale of Whitehaven (see Bradyll pedigree), who had married 
Margaret Richmond i6th April 1727, who was the younger 
sister of Susannah Richmond], and was sold by John Christian 
Curwen (who married their only daughter) to Charles, Duke 
of Norfolk, and is now, under his will, the property of Henry 
Howard of Greystoke, Esquire. 

The Highhead estate had to be dealt with under the 
provisions of Isabella Miller s will, and therefore it is 
necessary to give some account of her numerous family. 
We ourselves are descended from the eldest daughter Isabel 
who married Colonel Samuel Gledhill, who was stationed with 
his regiment at Carlisle, respecting whose electioneering dis- 
putes, in connection with the representation of that city, 
Mr. R. S. Ferguson gives so excellent an account in his 
admirable work on the Lord-Lieutenants and M.P.'s of 
Cumberland. He was the son of Robert Gledhill of Haigh 
Hall, Yorkshire, one of Cromwell's Ironsides, of which 
Thoresby relates an interesting episode, taken from his 
own lips in 1699, when he was a very old man. This 
episode will be found in the Memoir of Colonel Gledhill's 
life. Some trace of the Puritan leaven no doubt remained 
in the man who called a daughter Bathsheba — her second 
name was Placentia, that of another daughter Grace 
America, and a third, Margaret Carolina. These indicate 
that the Isabella Richmond (our ancestress) , who was born at 


Catterlen Hall in May 1679, led the wandering life of a 
soldier's wife. 

This Colonel Gledhill, who was Lieutenant-Governor of 
Placentia, and Commander-in-Chief of Newfoundland from 
1 719 to 1727, left a diary which was in the possession of our 
distant cousin, Miss Catherine Blamire, until her death, 
which occurred at Rome in 1898, and was given by the 
kindness of her residuary legatees to our aunt Mrs. 
Chippindall, and was by her passed on to our cousin Colonel 
Harold Chippindall, R.E., who in 1910 pubHshed these most 
interesting memoirs. (They can be obtained from Titus 
Wilson, Publisher, Kendal.) Mr. Jackson gives a special 
table of the descents from this union down to our own day ; 
it is far from perfect, but it completes the accounts of the 
descendants of Colonel Gledhill and Isabella Richmond. Two- 
fourths of the Highhead estates became vested in the 
Gledhill family and their descendants, and were sold to 
Lord Brougham about the year 1820. {N.B. Colonel 
Chippindall says only one-fourth.) 

In Henry Richmond Brougham died the last survivor of 
the children of Elizabeth, the second daughter, and her 
husband Peter Brougham. 

Sarah, the third daughter, left a son George and a 
daughter Isabella, by her first marriage with George 

The son, it has been stated, married his cousin Mary 
Stephenson, but died childless. The daughter married 
William Blamire and became the mother of a family of whom 
Susanna, the 'muse of Cumberland,' was one. She was also 


the grandmother of William Blamire, the tithe commissioner. 
It may safely be stated that the fame of both, though 
estabHshed on foundations so different, is lasting. But for 
Dr. Lonsdale much that is of interest in connection with this 
remarkable family would have been forgotten, and in his 
able notices of different members he has given us pleasant 
pictures of life about Highhead from the middle of last 
century down to our own day. 

The issue of Sarah by her second marriage with John 
Barker were excluded from any share of the property. 
There remains at least one descendant. I shall have more 
to say about our kinsfolk, the Blamire family, later on, but 
I might remark here that our great-uncle, Robert Baynes 
Armstrong, K.C., sometime Member for Lancaster, who left 
the bulk of his property to Robert Armstrong Yerburgh, my 
brother, married Frances Blamire, daughter of Richmond 
Blamire, whose brother William inherited the Qaks and 
Thackwood estates and married Jane, third daughter of 
John Christian (by Jane his wife, daughter of Edward 
Curwen of Workington), and had issue amongst others 
Jane Christian Blamire, who was therefore first cousin of 
Mr. Robert Baynes Armstrong. Mabel, the next married 
daughter, bore at least four children to her husband, 
Henry Brisco. The eldest, Richmond, died young. Henry, 
on whom his grandmother based much hope, died unmarried, 
as also did Elizabeth. Isabella, by her marriage with Thomas 
Moyses, fell into disgrace with her grandmother, as appears 
from the codicil to her will : and the descendants of this 
marriage, if there were any, fell into obscurity. 

It would be superfluous to give any tabular descent of 


the issue of Margaret Richmond's marriage with William 
Gale. That of their son John may be found in the elaborate 
pedigree of the Bradylls given in Corry's Lancashire, 
supplemented by the one given of the Gales of Bardsea Hall 
in Foster's Lancashire Pedigrees. The other two-fourths 
of the Highhead Castle estate became vested in this family, 
and were purchased by Lord Brougham a few years ago, not 
until, however, some curious incidents had occurred which 
place the matters amongst our * causes celebres.' 

Isabella, the daughter of William Gale, married Henry 
Curwen, Esq., of Workington Hall, and there is even less 
occasion to give their descent than the Braddyl one, for no 
history of Cumberland is, or ever will be, complete without 
a pedigree of that family. 


Dalston Register 


1577. December 27. Frances Richmond filia Jo. generosi baptized. 

1582, November 18. Maria Richmond et Margrett gem filiae Jo. 

generosi baptized. 
1641. August 12. Christopher Richmond filius Christopheri was 

1649. February 28. John Richmond filius Christopher Richmond 

Esqr. was baptized. 
1651. December 28. Magdalen filia Christopher Richmond was 

1663. January 27. Dorothy filia Christopher Richmond was 




1664. February 2. Margery filia Christopher Richmond was 

1666. May 3. Joseph filius Christopher Richmond was borne the 

the 2nd and bap. 3rd. 

1667. July 4. Andreas fiHus Christopheri Richmond armigeri natus 

vicessimo primo die mensis Junii et baptizatus 4th die 

1714. April 3. Richmond Briscoe son of Mr. Henry Briscoe was 

born the 2nd, and bapt. the 3rd at Ivegill. 
1740. December 10. William son of Wilham Blamire of Cardew 

Hall baptized. 
1742. May 12. Richmond son of William Blamire of Cardew Hall 


1744. June 13. Isabella of William Blamire of Cardew Hall, 


1745. December 28. Mary daughter of Wilham Blamire of Cardew 

Hall baptized. 
1746-7. February 11. Susanna of Wilham Blamire of Cardew Hall 


1576. December 13. John Richmond and Magdalen Dacre married. 
1661. January 2. William Richmond and Elizabeth Barker married. 
1678. June 18. Christopherus Richmond armiger et Isabella 

Towerson nupt. 

January 18. Mr. John Richmond buried. 

Aprilis 16. Mary Richmond uxor Jo. generosi buried. 

October 29. Mr, John Richmond buried. 

May 26. Anna Richmond uxor Mr. Christopheri buried. 

June 15. Francis Richmond fitz Christopher buried. 

June 20. Jhon Richmond infans lil Christ, arm buried. 

July 20. Isabella uxor Christopheri Richmond ar buried, 

January 11. John the son of Mr. Christopher Richmond Esq. 
1639. January 6. Dorithie the daughter of Mr. Christopher Rich- 
mond buried. 



1643. February 15. Christopher Richmond armiger sepultu. 
1669. May 14. Henricus Christopheri Richmond sepultus. 
1672. November 29. Isabel fiha Christopheri Richmond sepulta. 
1697. February 9. Rebecka Richmond of Buckabank buried. 

Newton Reigny Register 
1633. Dorothy douter to Mr. Christ. Richmonde was baptized the 

day of Feb. 
1667. Mabel daughter to Christafer Richmond was baptized the 

1671. Chris, son of Christ. Richmond was baptized the 23rd day 

of November. 
1675. Christopr. Richmond Junior borne the 14th day of November 
and was baptized the 24th day of the same Anno Dom. 


1679. Isabell daughter of Chris. Richmond of Catterlen Hall was 

baptized the 15th day of May 1679. 

1680. Elizabeth daughter to Christopr. Richmond of Catterlen 

Hall Esq. was baptized the 25th day of August 1680. 

1681. Sarah the daughter of Christopher Richmond of Catterlen 

Hall was baptized the 19th day of January Anno Di. 

1682. Ann the daughter of Christopr. Richmond of Catterlen Hall 

Esq. was baptized the nth day of March 1682. 
1684. Erasmus son to Christopher Richmond of Catt Hall Esq. 
was baptized 12th Feb. 1684. 

1686. Mabel daughter of Mr. Christopr. Richmond of Catterlen Hall 

was baptized the 7th day of Aprill Anno Dom. 1686. 

1687. Susan daughter of Chris. Richmond of Cattlen Hall was 

baptized the 9th day of February Anno Dom. 1687-8. 

1689. Margrett daughter to Christopr. Richmond of Cattlen 

Hall was baptized the thirtieth day of May Anno 
Dom. 1689. 

1690. Henry son to Christo Richmond of Cattlen Hall Esq. was 

baptized the 25th day of March Anno Dom. 1690-1. 



1692. Martha daughter to Christpr. Richmond of Cattrlen Hall 

was baptized the thrid day of July Anno. Dom. 1692. 

1693. WiUiam son to Christopher Richmonde of Cattrlen Hall Esq. 

was baptized the 24th day of September Anno Dom. 

1697. Christopr. son of Christopr. Richmond of Cattrlen Hall, 

Esqr. was baptized the 15th day of September 1697. 
1699. Elizabeth daughter to Christopr. Richmonde of Cattrlen 

Hall Esqr. was baptized the 2nd day of Aprile Anno 

Dom. 1699. 


1696-7. WilUam Stephenson of Plumbton and Jane Richmond of 
Cattrlen Hall was married the 14th day of March. 


1655. George Richmond sonne to Mr. Christofer Richmond Catterlen 

Hall was buried the 7th day of July 1655. 

1656. Isabel Richmonde daughter of Christopher Richmonde of 

Catterlaine Hall Esqr. was buried the 6th day of January 
„ Thomas Richmonde sone of Christopher Richmonde of 

Catterlaine Hall Esqr. was buried the 27th day of 
January 1656. 

1657. Mabel daughter to Christ. Richmond was buried the 

1672. Mary the wife of Christopher Richmond Esqr, of Catterlen 
Hall was buryed the 5th day of August. 

1710. Samuell son to Cornell Gledhill of CarHsle was buried the 
30th day of July in woolen according to an Act of Parlia- 
ment A.D. 1710. 

1714. Richmond Brisco was buried December 10, 1714. 

1716. Henery Richmond Esqr. was buried September 14, 1716. 

1739- June 4th, Mrs. Isabell Millnor was buried. 

1774. Mrs. Susanna Richmond of Highhead Castle was buried 
January 9th, aged 87. 


Greystoke Register 


1600-1. Ffebruarie. Tewsday the xvijth day was married Rychard 
fletcher of Cockermouth and Mrs. Margaret Rychmond 
and they were married by Mr. P.son himself by Lycence 
from my Lo. byshope of CarHel. The banns not asked. 

1662. October 9th. Married Christopher Richmond of Catterlen 
in the p'ish of Newton Esqr. and Mrs. Magdalen Hudle- 
stone of Hutton John in this parish haveinge a Lycence 
directed unto Will. Morland Rector of this place. 

IvEGiLL Register 


1719. June II. Henry Richmond son of Peter Brougham Esq. 

1740. Ap. 21. Richard Richmond son of Mr. Robert Baynes 


Addingham Register 


1611. July 4. The Wedding of Christopher Rychmond of heighett 
Castell gentleman and Anne Mayplett of this prishe 
gentlewoman the iiijth day of Juhe 1611. 

St. Bees Register 
1700. December 26. Wilfrid Huddlestone and Joyce Curwen 

1706. April 15. Mr. Joshua Burrow, Rector of Hutton and Kath. 

Robertson of Wthaven married by License. 


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We now pass on to consider Samuel Gledhill, and I have 
copied, with permission, almost verbatim Colonel Chippindall's 
account of his Life (see Memoirs of Lieut. -Col. Samuel Gledhill, 
by Colonel W. H. Chippindall). 

Samuel Gledhill' s parents belonged to that sober class 
which has formed the backbone of English society ever since 
the Tudor days, viz., the manufacturing class. His father 
was Robert Gledhill of Haigh Hall, near Wakefield, in the 
West Riding of Yorkshire : his mother, whose name was 
Isabella Atkinson, came from Westmorland. Robert Gledhill 
seems to have enlisted early in life in the Puritan Army, as 
his son speaks of him in his Memoirs as having had his share 
of honour in the three great battles : Marston Moor, Dunbar, 
and Worcester. His marriage would probably occur after the 
latter event. 

Be that as it may, Samuel was born on the 7th April 1677, 
at Horbury, a small village two miles from Wakefield, and 
was the youngest of thirteen children who grew up, one of 
whom was a daughter named Bathshua, or Bathsheba, who 
subsequently married the Rev. John Barker, the Presbyterian 
minister at Mare Street Chapel, Hackney, London. Of theother 
eleven sons Colonel Gledhill only speaks of one, viz., Joseph 
Gledhill, who at first was a Turkey merchant in the Levant, 
but subsequently became a West India merchant. Robert 


Gledhill,^ the father, is mentioned by Thoresby as narrating 
in the year 1699 an anecdote of how he saw 30,000 men of the 
parhamentary army flee from the field of Marston Moor in 
headlong rout, before the squadrons of Lucas, how he had 
thoughts of running also until restrained by Thoresby's father, 
who was an older and cooler man. The diary of the Rev. 
Oliver Heywood, the celebrated Nonconformist divine, also 
affords some glimpses of this Robert Gledhill, and from it we 
are able to gather that his wife Isabella died in childbed in 
May 1680, leaving Samuel a child only three years of age. 
During the next few years his mother's sister, Sarah Atkinson, 
took charge of her brother-in-law's house and tended the 
child ; but on the 29th June 1683, Robert Gledhill married 
once more, taking as his second wife Mistress Marsden. 

Samuel was sent to school in due course, first to the 
Wakefield Grammar School, and afterwards to a school near 
Halifax kept by the Rev. Mr. Priestley. 

His home life was evidently unhappy, for though he 
always speaks of his father as a kind and indulgent parent, 
he states that he was unable to endure his stepmother. 
Hence one fine day he quitted his home, taking with him one 
of his father's best horses, and he ' listed ' as a private in 
the troop of Captain H. Cromwell (about the time, he says, 
of the Revolution when the Prince of Orange landed). He 
claims to have associated with Sir Richard Steele who was 
also a private in that regiment, viz. the Life Guards. He 
was at first rejected on account of his extreme youth (under 
twelve years), but was finally taken on account of the good- 
ness of the horse which he had brought. This episode gives 
one a strange insight into the recruiting regulations of those 


days, showing the complete absence of rules and of control 
by higher authority. 

His father soon reclaimed him and, it is to be presumed, 
punished him soundly for his escapade, as he speaks of ' severe 
punishment ' being undergone. He makes no further mention 
of his boyhood, but states that ultimately his father sent him 
to London and placed him as a factor in Blackwater Hall, 
which was the Cloth Exchange in London. 

Not caring for this career, he again absconded early in 
1698, and entered as a private sailor on H.M.S. Boyne, com- 
manded by Sir Hovenden Walker. He was now about 
twenty-one years of age, and he states that he attracted the 
notice of his captain, who soon took him as his secretary, and 
caused him to be instructed in Mathematics, Italian and 

Being left in Spain by his patron for the purpose of 
learning the language, he was kidnapped and put on a ship 
as a slave for the West Indies, but appealing to the captain 
was released and transferred to another ship which landed 
him at Cadiz. From thence he passed to Leghorn, intending 
to go to his brother, Joseph Gledhill, who was a merchant in 
Turkey. They, however, met by chance at Leghorn, from 
which place they wrote to their father. Samuel then 
returned to Spain. Whilst in Spain he states ' the old king 
died, and a war broke out,' hence it must have been after 
1st November 1700, on which date Charles 11. of Spain died. 
He states that he was imprisoned in a convent of St. Francis 
and kept a close prisoner for a long time, that attempts were 
made by the fathers of the convent to make him become 
a Roman Catholic, of which he says he wrote a ' large 



account.' Escaping ' upon the breach of that War,' he 
resumed his attempt to push his fortune by the sword — 
from which description it is to be presumed that he enUsted 
or volunteered in some English regiment. At any rate he 
recounts the fact that he was given ' a pair of colours ' in 
Lord Lucas' regiment in 1701, and was sent to the garrison 
of Carlisle. 

At Carlisle he made the acquaintance of the family of 
the Riclimonds of Highhead Castle, and on the 7th April 1702 
he ran away with and married Isabella, the eldest daughter 
of Mrs. Richmond. The day after his wedding he was given 
his company in a regiment lying at Jamaica * by the un- 
deserved friendship of the Honble Colonel John Blathwaite.' 
(Colonel Chippindall is unable to identify him.) 

Captain Samuel Gledhill (as he now was) had to raise 
his company ; he speaks of doing so at Bedford during a 
time of raging fever or ' as some tho't plague ' ; he contracted 
the fever and nearly destroyed himself by trying to leap out 
of the window of his bedroom into the river below, but was 
withheld by his wife and sister. 

About this period, in the year 1703, his father, Robert 
Gledhill, died, and was buried at Tingley on 21st July. 

Captain Gledhill and his wife then led the usual wandering 
life connected with a soldier's career, and he speaks of him- 
self being quartered at Nuneaton, Darlington, Hull, where he 
fought two duels with the major of the garrison, at Ports- 
mouth, where he again fought two duels, and at Colchester, 
at which place his eldest daughter Isabella died in 1706. 

In a petition to King George i. he states that he bought 


the lieutenant-colonelcy of General Macartney's regiment 
after the battle of Almanza. As this battle was fought on 
25th April 1707, we get an approximate date for his pro- 
motion to this rank. He was ordered to raise his regiment 
at Newcastle under the command of the Right Honourable 
Archibald, Earl of Islay. During this period Colonel 
Gledhill appears to have secured the permanent friendship 
of the earl, who on several occasions stood his friend. 

From Newcastle, accompanied by his wife, he paid a 
visit to Highhead Castle in April, May and June of 1708, 
as is also to be gathered from Bishop Nicholson's diary, and 
in this year his daughter Elizabeth (from whom we are de- 
scended) was born, who became the wife of Robert Baynes, 
solicitor, of Cockermouth. Here we meet with one of those 
difficulties which so often perplex the genealogist : Colonel 
Gledhill distinctly states that his wife on this visit was 
* with child of her daughter Betty,' yet the inscription on 
her tomb (kindly supplied by the courtesy of the Vicar of 
Cockermouth) reads : * Robert Baynes, Esq., died August 
2 1st, 1789, aged 72 years ; Elizabeth his wife, died February 
3rd, 1763, aged 52 years.' From which it would appear 
that Elizabeth was born in 1710-11 ; but as ladies have often 
the weakness of trying to conceal their real age, I consider 
Colonel Gledhill's statement the more reliable of the two. 

Whilst at Newcastle the colonel seems to have given an 
ensign's commission in his own regiment to his eldest son, 
Samuel, who was but a child of six years of age, a proceeding 
which roused the ire of Brigadier-General Franques, who 
had him tried, he says, twice by court-martial at the Horse 
Guards, once for his conduct and once for his life, but the 


court found that he ' had done nothing unbecoming a 
soldier ' — a somewhat curious verdict. 

In the summer of 1708 his regiment moved to Portsmouth, 
prior to taking part in the expedition to Ostend. This 
expedition was to assist in Marlborough's attack on the great 
fortress of Lisle ; but for Colonel Gledhill it was a succession 
of disasters. At the landing of Ostend he nearly lost his life, 
as owing to there being a storm at the time, the boat he was 
in was swamped. Then his regiment formed part of a 
garrison under Colonel Caulfield put into a place, on the 
line of communications, called Leffingham, which was 
under constant attack by the French. Lisle surrendered on 
the 22nd October, and on the night of the 25th-26th, the 
garrison of Leffingham made great rejoicings and got very 
drunk ; the French surprised them that night and the whole 
garrison became prisoners of war. But it is an ill wind which 
blows no one any good, and in this case Colonel Gledhill 
through the interest of the Earl of Islay was made paymaster 
to * the troops there prisoners,' which gave him, so he states, 
an opportunity ' of visiting all the French forts in Picardie 
and Pais-Bas and a tour to Paris.' To modern ears this 
sounds strange, as troops made prisoners are not paid 
nowadays until they return to duty. 

During their imprisonment at Amiens, Colonel Laroque, 
a Dutch officer, also taken prisoner at the surrender of 
Leffingham, took occasion one day in public to speak dis- 
respectfully of Colonel Caulfield's surrender, so Colonel 
Gledhill, who appears to have been something of a fire-eater, 
challenged him, and they fought a duel in which Colonel 
Laroque was beaten and compelled to acknowledge himself 


in the wrong. Colonel Caulfield was so grateful to him for 
the support which our hero had afforded him that next day 
he wrote out a resignation of his regiment in Colonel 
Gledhill's favour for the sum of ;^3000. Considering that 
our hero had no private fortune, we must come to the con- 
clusion that the military service in those days afforded 
considerable opportunities for making money, as, firstly, he 
had bought his lieutenant-colonelcy, and now he is ready to 
put down ;^3000 in cash ! 

After being exchanged in due course, it was found that 
this agreement could not be ratified by the commander-in- 
chief, as the latter stated that he must give the regiment to 
a member of Parliament who voted for the Government. 
Colonel Gledhill, seeing how members of Parliament were 
favoured, now resolved to endeavour to become a member 
himself when opportunity served. 

His next active service appears to have been at the 
siege of Douay, which commenced on the 19th April 1710. 
On the 7th May a sortie from Douay cut nearly all 
Sutton's regiment to pieces, took Lieutenant-Colonel Gledhill 
prisoner, and left the major and seventeen officers dead on 
the spot. Colonel Gledhill's own account of this is that his 
regiment was cut to pieces, fourteen officers killed (one being 
his only son, Ensign Samuel Gledhill), and only one hundred 
and twenty privates left. He himself was severely wounded 
and taken prisoner, having been found by the Duke of 
Mortemar, stripped in a heap of slain, and was generously 
nursed by his finder. 

Colonel Gledhill was subsequently exchanged for the 
French Colonel St. Mark. 


This appears to be the last active service in which Colonel 
Gledhill was engaged, and, doubtless owing to his severe 
wounds, coupled with the annihilation of his regiment, he 
would be sent home to recruit. 

Returning to England, the colonel brought his son's 
body with him, and the child (for such he was) was interred 
in Newton Reigny Church on the 30th July 17 10. 

Doubtless Colonel Gledhill would be put on half-pay, 
but he states that he again tried to obtain the colonelcy of 
a regiment, and that it was again given away over his head 
to another member of Parliament, with whom he promptly 
fought a duel, and whom he describes as ' a man of quality 
and a general officer of long stand.' 

Having seen what he considered the rightful reward of 
his labour and valour given away to men whose only recom- 
mendation in his eyes was that they voted with the ministers 
of the day, he determined to make an effort to enter Parlia- 
ment, and, with that object in view, stood for the city of 
Carlisle at the election of 17 10 in opposition to James 
Montagu ; but, being unsuccessful, petitioned against the 
latter's return on account of the interference in the election 
of the Bishop of Carlisle (Bishop Nicolson). 

During the next two years Colonel Gledhill was endea- 
vouring to get his petition heard by Parliament, and was 
ultimately the cause of the parliamentary rule that no 
member of the Upper House may interfere in elections for 
the House of Commons. 

Much animosity is shown by Bishop Nicolson against 
Colonel Gledhill — no doubt due to the violence of politics at 
that time, when Whig and Tory were striving to secure the 


succession to the throne for their respective Hanoverian or 
Jacobite candidates. Under date 8th February 1710-11, 
the bishop in his diary mentions Colonel Gledhill's * senceless 
cause ' ; again on the 19th February he notes ' Col. Gledhill's 
impudent accusation of him (Sir Jas. Montague) and me in ye 
House of Commons.' On the 20th he notes, ' I went to ye 
House, and . . . had tacit leave to attend the H. of 
Commons ; where a chair set for me at ye lighting of 
candles. But Mr. Gledhill's friends moveing for an 
adjournmt of ye debate for 3 weeks carr>''d it (so as to save 
the Coll. from Bondage) by 154 agt. 151. Thus leave given 
for ye man's running away.' On February 26th the bishop 
has ' Lies from C. Gledhill abt. a Regiment promis'd, etc' 
Again under date 29th March 171 1- 12, the bishop solemnly 
notes that * Col. Benson (from Spain) gave me an acct. of . . . 
and C. Gledhill's sale of 's Commn. to defray a debt of 
760 lb.' This last story was untrue, though, as will appear 
later, Colonel Gledhill did attempt some years after to sell 
his half-pay. From these extracts it would appear that the 
worthy bishop gave way to his temper somewhat. 

In his Memoirs Colonel Gledhill refers to these two years 
of his * attendance on parliament,' saying he ' came lamely 
off with the loss of many friends besides the sum of near 
;^2000,' and he notes that the only thing he considers worth 
remembering is that his daughter Ann was born at that 

He now appears to have returned to Cumberland, prob- 
ably to Carlisle, but the political troubles he had caused 
seem to have estranged him from his mother-in-law, Mrs. 
Miller, though he still had a staunch friend in his brother-in- 


law, Henry Richmond, of whom he always speaks in terms 
of deep affection. 

Being a man who evidently could not bear to be idle, 
he seems to have tried to compose a lawsuit in Chancery, 
w^hich had been pending for some years between Mrs. Miller 
and the widow of her deceased stepson, whom he calls * your 
aunt Richmond of Durham ' ; he succeeded in putting an 
end to that suit and was in consequence suspected and 
blamed by both parties, as is commonly the case with those 
who interfere in other people's business. So greatly did 
these quarrels grow that he records that Mrs. Miller said of 
him that had he ' died in the action of Doway, it had pre- 
vented the increase and ruin of his family.' 

In 17 1 5 the Scottish Rebellion caused new levies to be 
raised, and Colonel Gledhill applied for employment once 
more, but was left out. He, believing this to be the work 
of Brigadier-General Thomas Stanwix (one of his old parlia- 
mentary opponents), called him out, as the following 
quotation shows : ' An odium was cast upon him without the 
least ground or shadow thereof, about the time of the late 
rebellion, after his unhappy duel with B-r. General Stanwix, 
by whose weight and interest he conceived he was left 
out of the New Lays as a person suspected in some other 

The final catastrophe, however, was the unexpected 
death of his brother-in-law, Henry Richmond, who died on 
the nth September 17 16, leaving his estate absolutely to 
his mother, Mrs. Miller. Colonel Gledhill, speaking of this 
event, says : * With him all the respect of the family ended 
towards me.' This death left a large estate in the hands of 


his mother-in-law, who had now only daughters and their 
children to whom it could be left. From odd expressions 
in the Memoirs it would appear that there was some rivalry 
as to who should be heir to the estate. It is just possible 
that Colonel Gledhill, having married the eldest daughter, 
may have imprudently assumed that his son, Joseph, should 
be such heir, and so have added a domestic trouble to the 
political one he was already suffering from — but this is pure 

Evidently the annoyance which he and his wife now 
suffered were so great that they fled with their children into 
Yorkshire. Of this flight he speaks with great feeling, and 
mentions that the only person who aided him was William 
Stephenson of Plumpton, who had married Jane Richmond, 
half-sister to Colonel Gledhill's wife. Amongst other details 
he mentions * paniers ' prepared for taking the children over 
* Stainmoor ' — a fact which reminds us that the turnpike 
roads we know were non-existent then, and that most burdens 
were carried on pack-horses. 

From Yorkshire they proceeded to London and lived in 
a poor way in Lambeth, receiving assistance, gratefully 
acknowledged in the Memoirs, from Colonel Gledhill's 
brother-in-law, the Rev. John Barker, Presbyterian minister, 
of Hackney. 

Living here in great want and trouble — three of his 
children suffering from the smallpox ; he mentions his son 
Joseph as his ' only son, a small sprig to erect his unhappy 
name upon ' — his enemies made an attempt to bring him 
and his wife into Chancery. This was a form of torture 
which readers of Dickens's story of Bleak House will realise 


when recalling the suit of Jarndyce v. Jarndyce. Seeing the 
misery his family endured, the idea came into his mind to 
seek service with the Czar of Muscovy ; he therefore 
disposed of his half-pay * for an inconsiderable sum,' and 
embarked for Holland with £20 in pocket, leaving the rest 
with his wife. 

This appears to have been the dark hour before the dawn 
of his brighter fortunes which were now being ushered in, 
for he notes that while at the Hague attending H.M. 
Ambassador, the Earl of Cadogan, news came that the king 
would not consent to the transfer of his half-pay, and a hint 
also came that he might get a government in America, as the 
Duke of Argyle was once more in favour. This decided him 
to return home, and he records that on the 7th April 17 19, 
' by the aid of the Duke of Argyle, the Earl of Islay, and the 
assistance of J. M., J. B., etc., he kissed His Majesty's hand 
as Lieutenant-Governor of Placentia, with two companies of 
foot, and Commander-in-Chief of Newfoundland.' 

His daughter Elizabeth and his son Joseph appear now 
to have been confided to the care of their aunt, Susannah 
Richmond, while he and his wife with three other children 
embarked for Newfoundland. This fact accounts for the 
expression ' your two mothers ' used subsequently in the 
Memoirs. Fate, as though not yet content with their 
discomfort, caused them to be shipwrecked off Feriland Head, 
on the coast of Newfoundland, on the 3rd September 17 19, 
though by the goodness of Providence all escaped with their 

Their stay in Newfoundland was on the whole a prosper- 
ous one, though the Colonel states that the malice of his 


political enemies pursued him even there, tried to damage 
his credit, and certainly reduced the number of his soldiers, 
and therefore the amount of his perquisites. 

The following, taken from the Calendar of Treasury Papers 
of 1725 and 1727, will illustrate some of the annoyances he 
had to bear. Under date 2nd June 1725, is the report of a 
petition by William Toshack, merchant and inhabitant of 
Placentia, Newfoundland, who states that in 1720 his 
dwelling-house ' was taken up by Colonel Gledhill, the 
Lieutenant-Governor there,' whereby the petitioner lost 
;^8o, the ground being used in the new fortifications. On 
the 3rd February 1727, a Colonel Moody claims ;^732, 3s. 4d., 
in addition to the above claim of Toshack, and a Mr. William 
Horneck, Engineer to the Board of Ordnance, reports on 
these claims as excessive and fraudulent, suggesting that 
these claimants should proceed by law if they really have 
lost anything of value. 

Yet in spite of all worries he seems to have flourished and 
saved money, which he put into plantations, ships and trade, 
so that in 1727, when his Memoirs end, he shows himself as 
having a credit balance of ;£i 0,000 — a very pretty fortune 
at that period, and all gathered together within seven years. 

While in Newfoundland three more daughters were born, 
whom he named Bathshua Plaisance (Bathsheba Placentia), 
Margaret Carolina, and Grace America. 

In July 1726, he sent his wife and six children home, and 
they arrived safely in Cork in August. The final entry is 
the death of his wife (which took place at Whitehaven on 
the 1 6th February 1727), followed by a eulogy upon her 
which does credit to his heart. 


On the date of his own death or of his place of burial 
Colonel Chippindall has as yet no knowledge, but suspects 
that it occurred at Whitehaven. 

His only surviving son, Joseph, became a major in 
General Philip's regiment, and died unmarried in 1747, but 
all the daughters found husbands, and on the death of Miss 
Susannah Richmond in 1774 they inherited a share of the 
Highhead Castle estate. 

Beyond the Memoirs, the only other relic Colonel 
Chippindall possesses connected with the old Colonel is a 
very handsome silver punch-bowl of Queen Anne's time, 
on which is engraved the Gledhill coat-of-arms and that of 
the Blamires ; family tradition asserts that it was presented 
to the Colonel by the great Duke of Marlborough, in recog- 
nition of his bravery at the siege of Douay, but beyond the 
tradition there is no proof of the statement. This bowl 
was named in the will of his son-in-law, Robert Baynes, in 
1789, who bequeathed it to his daughter Frances, wife of 
Richmond Blamire, as * my silver fluted punch-bowl which 
was her grandfather Gledhill's.' Those were days of 
hard drinking, and a punch-bowl would be a very suitable 
present for a great man to make to one whom he desired 
to honour, so that the tradition does not appear an unlikely 

W. H. Chippindall. 

(My brother, Eustre Yerburgh, C.B., has inherited a 
portrait which tradition also asserts to be a portrait of 
Colonel Gledhill.— E.R.Y.) 

The Chart Pedigree gives practically all the information 


which I possess about the children of Colonel Gledhill and 
Isabel his wife, and their descendants. 

Grace America Gledhill married Francis William Drake, 
second son of Sir Francis Henry Drake, fourth Baronet, 
They had issue : 

Francis Augusta Drake, born 1750, died young. 
Francis Thomas Drake, born 1753, died young. 
Francis Henry Drake, born 1756, died s.p., was sixth 

Francis Richmond Drake, born in 1757, died young. 

The Drake baronetcy was conferred in 1622, and became 
extinct on the death of our kinsman. Sir Francis Henry 
Drake, sixth Baronet, sometime between 1820-30. He was 
certainly alive in 1822, as he is in the list of baronets for that 
year, and is described of Keysham Bank, Gloucestershire. 

The Elliott-Drake baronetcy was only created in 1821, 
a Thomas Trayton Fuller being made a baronet and taking 
the name of Elliott-Drake in addition to Fuller, as he no 
doubt claimed to descend by the female side from Lord 
Heathfield (General Elliott who defended Gibraltar), and 
from Sir Francis Drake the circumnavigator. 



Arms. Argent, a lioa rampant within an 

orle gules. 
Crest. A wolf sejant proper, chained or. 
Motto. Faire sans dire. 

John Blaj 

Sowerby ] 

Bridget, widow of John Simpson, = \ 
Esq., of Sebergham Hall, co. | 

Bridget Blamire, 
mar. to George 
Brown of New- 

William Blamire, ^ Jane, 3rd daughter of John C 

eldest son and heir, 
of the Oaks, bapt. 
at Dalston 10 Dec. 
1740, d. 29 Jan. 

William Blamire of Thackwood and 
the Oaks, J. P., High Sheriff in 1828, 
M.P. for Cumberland 1831-34, Chief 
Tithe Commissioner for 42 years, b. 
13 Apr. 1790, mar. on 3 Apr. 1834 to 
his cousin Dora, d. s.p. at Thackwood 
Nook, on 12 Jan. 1862. 

Esq., of Milntown, Isle of Me 
Unrigg Hall, co. Cumber! 
Jane, his wife, daughter o 
Curwen, Esq., M.P., of Wc 
Hall), mar. in Aug. 1785, d 
1837, aged 87. 

Dora, youngest daughter 
of John Taubman, Esq., 
of Nunnery, Isle of Man, 
and reUct of Colonel 
Mark Wilks, of Kirkby, 
in that island, and gover- 
nor of St. Helena. She 
d. in 1857. 

Charles Blamire, a lieuten 
colonel of the 90th Regin 
d. unmar. at Camp Solfe 
Natal, on 24 Nov. 1865, agec 

Note. — 


Colonel Chippindall has kindly furnished me with a Chart 
Pedigree of the Blamire family, with whom we are so closely 
connected. The three most important members of this 
remarkable family were — Susanna Blamire of The Oaks and 
Thackwood, born 1747, and who died 1794, who was well 
known as ' the muse of Cumberland ' ; Jane Christian 
Blamire of The Oaks and Thackwood, born 1788, died 1857 ; 
and William Blamire of The Oaks and Thackwood, the Chief 
Tithe Commissioner for forty-two years, High Sheriff of 
Cumberland, 1825, M.P. for the county, 1831-4. I am able 
to give some particulars of their careers from the Dictionary of 
National Biography, and from the Worthies of Cumherlafid 
by Doctor Lonsdale. 

The de Blamyrs or Blamires were a family of yeomen 
residing at Hawksdale, by the banks of the Cauda, not far 
distant from Rose Castle, in the days of Edward i. Coming 
down four centuries we find John Blamire, the representative 
Blamire, and the proprietor of a good estate called * The 
Hollen,' to-day known as 'The Oaks.' He married, in 1700, 
Jane, only child of John Ritson of Hawksdale, and had 
issue an only child, William, his heir. His second marriage, 
with Miss Annie Barker of Thethwaite, and the sons and 
daughters born of that marriage, do not concern this 
narrative. To make the alliances of the Blamires clearly 



understood, it is needful to revert to the family of Simpson 
of Thackwood Nook, and that of the Richmonds of Highhead 
Castle (see Richmond Chapter), both places situated about 
four miles south of * The Hollen.* 

The Simpsons for a long time had a footing in the parish 
of Castle-Sowerby ; in 1614 they came into possession of 
' Thackwood Nook^ on the north-east boundary of the said 
parish. Their name held sway in this famed * Red Spear 
House ' till the death of Widow Mary Simpson in April 1755. 
The Simpsons found good alliances in East Cumberland : 
for instance, one of them married a daughter of Sir Timothy 
Featherstonhaugh of the College ; he who was executed 
at Chester Castle for his brave loyalty to Charles i. 

The neighbouring manor to Thackwood Nook, and 
scarcely a mile distant, was Highhead Castle, which, as we 
have seen, after many changes in its proprietorship — 
Harclas, Dacres, and others— at length fell to the Richmonds 
in 1550 ; a family name that passed away like that of the 
Simpsons before the close of the last century. 

The Richmonds and Simpsons were excellent neighbours, 
and to cement more closely the ties of goodwill, George 
Simpson of Thackwood Nook, towards the close of the 
seventeenth century, married Sarah, fifth daughter of 
Christopher Richmond of Highhead Castle. To this marriage 
were born a son George in 1703-4. and a daughter Isabella 
30th March 1709, also Mary, if not others. 

George, the heir, married Mary Stevenson of Dentons, 
in the parish of Hesket-in-the-Forest, and died without 
issue in March 1745. His sister, Isabella, in 1736, became 
the wife of William Blamire, already spoken of as the son and 


heir of John Blamire of The Hollen. During the Hfe of 
John Blamire, the father, and the proprietor of * The Hollen,* 
William Blamire and his wife Isabella tenanted Cardew Hall, 
and there their children, consisting of two sons and two 
daughters, were born : Sarah born in 1739 ; William, the 
heir, born in 1740 ; Richmond born in 1742 ; and Susanna, 
the poetess, born on 12th January 1747, or 2nd March 1748. 
There is an entry in the Court Rolls showing ' the admittance 
of William Blamire, eldest son of John Blamire, late of " The 
Hollen " who died seised and possessed of several messuages 
and tenements with the appurtenances at " The Hollen " 
aforesaid.' In June 1754, Mrs. Isabella Blamire died, her 
eldest son being then fourteen years of age, and her youngest 
daughter less than seven and a half years old. The 
widower, William Blamire, in August 1755 took for his 
second wife Bridget (Ritson), the widow of John Simpson of 
Lonning Head, Sebergham, and by her had one daughter, 
Bridget, who married George Baker of Newcastle-on-Tyne. 
In June 1758 William Blamire himself died, leaving ' The 
Hollen ' estate to his eldest son William, then eighteen years 
of age, under the trusteeship of Thomas Blamire of Hawksdale 
and Mary Simpson, widow, of Thackwood Nook. 

Mary Simpson of Thackwood was a very remarkable 
woman, and proved herself a mother to the Blamire children. 
They owed more than can well be set down to the example 
of this aunt, who took such a lively interest in other people's 
welfare, and proved her goodwill in a way regardless of all 
cost. She was a rich woman, and was a just steward of the 
riches which had been entrusted to her. As Doctor Lonsdale 
says (and for my information about Susanna Blamire I am 


almost entirely indebted to him), Susanna Blamire was * a 
poet born and not made,' the breathings of her muse happily 
came unsought, and as naturally found exercise amidst the 
humanities and topography of the district, apparently 
drawing but slender aid from classic or historic culture. 
Bucolic life afforded her many a theme illustrative of simple 
manners and rural felicity. (Her poetical works were collected 
by Henry Lonsdale, M.D. ; with a preface, memoir and notes 
by Patrick Maxwell. Published by Menzies, Edinburgh.) 

In 1767 her sister, Sarah Blamire, was married to Colonel 
Graeme (or Graham), 42nd Highland Regiment, of Gart- 
more, situated in the mid-Highlands of Scotland. Susanna 
stayed much with them in Scotland, Ireland and London. 
Physically she was not strong, but was full of nervous 
energy. Her individuality was well defined, her eyes bright 
and penetrating, her nose pronounced, her upper lip short, 
and a beautiful mouth. At all exercises equestrian and 
pedestrian she excelled. While paying a visit to her aunt, 
Mrs. Fell, in Northumberland, she made great friends with 
the Earl of Tankerville's family at Chillingham Castle, and 
she stayed there for a long time. Unfortunately her stay at 
the castle ended by her falling in love with Lord Ossulton, 
and Lord Ossulton falling in love with her. Though the 
Chillingham family were enraptured with the * Cumberland 
Muse,' the love alliance did not comport with their views of 
family aspirations. The Blamires had a long and worthy 
pedigree, but it was not good enough for the Tankervilles. 
The eclair CIS sement led to the young lad's going abroad, 
while the love-sick Susanna found her way home, to brood 
over disappointed hopes. 


Though joyous by nature, and a central figure in every 
social circle, she was not altogether free from an alloy of 
reserve, if not occasional gloom. ' From grave to gay, from 
lively to severe ' — for if by nature gay, impaired health oft 
induced severer thoughts. She suffered much in advancing 
years from rheumatism and its allied troubles. She died 
in her forty-eighth year. She made her own will in 1786, 
and wrote : ' It is my earnest desire that I may be buried 
in the most private manner, having no bearers. Should my 
death happen at Carlisle, it is my wish to be buried at 
Raughton Head Chapel, and laid as near that best of 
women (my Aunt Simpson) as possible.' Thinking of the 
devoted affection of her sister, Mrs. Graeme, she expressed the 
hope * that she will not suffer her grief to become excessive 
for the loss of one whose every hour she was the means of 
rendering easy, happy and delightful.' 

Her remains were placed at the south-eastern angle of 
the church, where also are the graves of good Aunt Simpson 
and of dear Mrs. Graeme. A tombstone is inscribed to the 
memory of the sisters : 

' In remembrance of Sarah Blamire, wife of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Graeme, 42 Highland Regiment, born January 7, 1739, died May 
1798: also of Susanna Blamire, born January 1747, died April 1794, 
daughter of William Blamire of The Oaks.' 

Within the chapel is a tablet to Mary Simpson and also 
one to William Blamire and his wife. 

The other descendants of the Blamire family and their 
descendants, the Youngs, are interred in the eastern side of 
the churchyard, and more hallowed dust can hardly be found 
in any burial ground in Cumberland. As regards her poetry, 


that will certainly live in public estimation wherever a true 
lyric sentiment obtains a hearing, and as long as Cum- 
brians have souls to appreciate the choicest of Cumberland 

Jane Christian Blamire, born 1788, died 1857, was the 
niece of the poetess, and sister of Tithe Commissioner 
Blamire (of whom hereafter), and second daughter of William 
Blamire of The Oaks and Jane Christian of Ewanrigg Hall, 
the sister of John Christian, better known as J. C, Curwen, 
Esq., M.P. She was born at The Oaks, 20th March 1788, 
and with the name inherited the sweet disposition of her 
mother, and much of the generosity of her father. She 
kept house at Thackwood for her brother William, and she 
became a noted agriculturist. She was a most charming 
hostess and possessed many personal attractions. She 
had an intellectual brow, dark hair, clear and animated eyes, 
delicate and symmetrical, and was full of refinement ; she 
was, however, joyously alert in every walk in life. Nature 
had endowed her slender form with great powers of endurance : 
she had the simple habits of the ladies of that time, and she 
had an inspiriting character which gave tone to every action, 
and made her set a pure and wholesome example. 

With a good heart to direct her thoughts, and good 
health to aid her in carrying out works of charity and 
benevolence, she accomplished more than appears to be 
credible, but there was no advertising of herself, no putting 
on airs of superiority. Her manners were charming and 
natural. She was a good talker, and her words, wherever 
she went, always commanded attention on account of the 


applicability to current events, and she could always adapt 
herself to her audience. Her keen intelligence and tact 
enabled her to penetrate the denser and duller minds, and to 
lay them open for the reception of better ideas. She was a 
deeply religious woman, but had a broad and charitable mind. 
She was a true comforter to the sick and sorrowing at heart. 
Her veins flowed with the milk of human kindness, and 
there was no ebb tide in her distribution of charity, and it 
was done in a way which won all hearts. 

Jane Christian Blamire, in the character of ' Lady 
Bountiful * over a wide district of country, served to point 
and adorn the tale of tenderness, compassion and large- 

The blue flag of Cumberland never waved over a more 
zealous supporter or more loyal friend than Jane Christian 
Blamire. When her brother came forward as a candidate 
for the Whig interests in Cumberland in 1831, along with 
Sir James Graham, her enthusiasm was intense : she walked 
and drove, directed and canvassed as nobody but her brother 
could do. Speaking politically, the springtime of 1 83 1 was the 
most memorable of the century to the men of Cumberland, 
who saw Sir James Graham and William Blamire opposed 
to the Lowthers. She never slackened in her efforts from 
the day of declaration to the hour of triumph at Cocker- 
mouth. It is said that she did more to win the election than 
any one else. 

The death of her sister-in-law, wife of the Tithe Com- 
missioner, in January 1857, affected her much, and from that 
time she began to feel the increasing weakness of age, and 
on the morning of the 20th of September 1857 she quietly 


passed away. Her remains were interred on the east side of 
Raughton Head Chapel-yard on the 28th September 1857. 

William Blamire (1790- 1862), the Tithe Commissioner, 
was educated at Westminster School and afterwards at 
Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated in 18 11. To 
the disappointment of his father he refused to follow any of 
the learned professions, and preferred to settle in one of his 
father's farms at Thackwood Nook, about three miles distant 
from his home. On his mother's side, William Blamire was 
a nephew of John Christian Curwen of Workington Hall, 
who was the great promoter of agricultural improvements 
in Cumberland. William Blamire Imbibed his uncle's zeal 
for agricultural science, and made many experiments in 
breeding stock which cost him dear : but his experience was 
always at the service of his neighbours. He was well known 
at agricultural dinners, where his wise advice and personal 
geniality made him deservedly popular amongst the sturdy 
and independent yeomen of his county. When in 1828 he 
was nominated high sheriff of Cumberland, the yeomanry 
of the neighbourhood to the number of several hundred 
mounted their horses and escorted him to Carlisle, as a 
token of their desire to do him honour. 

In politics William Blamire was a strong Whig, and had 
taken an active part in parliamentary elections on behalf 
of his uncle, John Christian Curwen, who In 1820 was elected 
both by the city of Carlisle and by the county of Cumberland. 
In the excitement about the Reform Bill, the Whigs in 
Cumberland resolved to run two candidates for the election 
of 1 83 1. The personal popularity of William Blamire 


marked him out as the colleague of Sir James Graham against 
Lord Lowther, who sat as a Conservative. The Cumberland 
election of 1831 is one of the most exciting in the annals of 
parliamentary contests. The polling place was at Cocker- 
mouth, at one corner of the county, in the neighbourhood 
where the Lowther interest was strongest. It needed the 
personal enthusiasm which Blamire inspired to induce voters 
to incur the expense of so long a journey. But his yeomen 
friends rode in such an imposing cavalcade towards Cocker- 
mouth that Lord Lowther felt it better to retire on the 
third day's polling than to be ignominiously defeated. 

In 1834 William Blamire married his cousin, Dorothy 

In Parliament he showed great knowledge about land 
tenure, but his reputation was made by a speech on the 
Tithe Commutation Bill. His suggestions were adopted, 
and the Bill, as we have it, was the result of his practical 

When the Bill became law, Blamire was appointed the 
Chief Commissioner for carrying it into effect. He resigned 
his seat in Parliament and devoted himself exclusively to 
the adjustment of details which concerned every landowner 
and clergyman in England. He was interested in and a 
hard worker on all questions affecting land tenure, and he 
had much to do with the ' Copyhold Enfranchisement Act,* 
* The Commons Enclosure Act,' and was a commissioner for 
both Acts. 

He was the true author of the ' Highway Act ' : he was 
a tremendous worker ; but in 1847 he was affected by paralysis 
of the right arm. He recovered and worked as hard as ever. 


His wife died in 1857, and he returned to Cumberland after 
seventeen years' absence. In i860 his health broke down 
altogether, and he died at Thackwood Nook, 12th January 

In Kirkby Lonsdale Churchyard 

Sacred to the memory of Isabella Blamire, eldest daughter of 
Richmond Blamire, Esq., who departed this life September 14th, 
1845, whose whole life was characterised by Benevolence and every 
kind and affectionate feeling of the Heart, and who was a bright 
example of Patience, Resignation, and Piety. In Life how valued ! 
In Death — how tenderly lamented ! 

In the New Cemetery, Circular Road, Calcutta 
Sacred to the memory of Ensign Richmond Ba5mes Blamire, first 
European Light Infantry. Died 9th March 1845. 

At Pietermaritzburg, Natal 



The Memory of 

Charles Blamire, 

Lieut. -Colonel 90th Regiment, 

Who died at 

Camp Solferino, Natal, 

On the 24th Novr. 1865, 

Aged 51 years. 

He was nearly thirty years in the above Regiment, and 

his Brother Officers have erected this Memorial 

in token of regret for their loss. 



This family was probably an offshoot from one of the West- 
morland Baynes families ; but from which particular one is 
still in doubt. In that county there were two main Baynes 
settlements, viz. : Appleby in the north-east, and Kirkby 
Lonsdale in the south-west (with Sellett Hall as chief 
residence, two and a half furlongs on the south side of the 
Lancashire- Westmorland boundary). Of the latter family 
Lucas, the historian of Wharton, speaks, calling them a long 
descended race of moyen gentry. The former were sub- 
stantial citizens of Appleby, of considerable standing, 
furnishing mayors to that borough in the seventeenth and 
eighteenth centuries. In 1692 a Richard Baynes gave a 
small seal, with the borough arms, to that town ; it bears 
the inscription : * Ex dono Rich : Baynes in usum Maior 
Burgii de Appleby.' This seal is still handed to each 
succeeding mayor for private use during the term of his 

Family tradition asserts that Richard Baynes, the first 
of that family at Cockermouth, was a lawyer, and came 
from Appleby as business agent for the Earl of Egremont 
and the Duke of Wharton. Be that as it may, this Richard 
Baynes was evidently a man holding a good position, as he 
was able to marry into a good local family at Cockermouth, 


as he married Anne Langton, sister to Isaac Langton of 
Cockermouth ; another brother it is said was that John 
Langton, who was High Sheriff for Cumberland in the first 
year of George iii. (1761). These Langtons bore arms : 
Party per pale argent and or, 3 chevrons gules ; which point 
to a descent from the Langtons, Barons of Walton in 

The fruit of this marriage was three children who attained 
maturity, viz. : 

1. Richard Baynes born circa 17 13. 

2. Deborah Baynes ,, ,, 1714- 

3. Robert Baynes „ „ 1717- 

Richard and Robert succeeded to their father's business 
as solicitors ; of the former little is known beyond the facts 
that he never married, and died 3rd September 1779, aged 
sixty-five. By his will he left £100 in trust that the interest 
might be given to the poor in penny loaves every Sunday — 
which bequest is still carried out at All Saints' Church, 

Deborah Baynes married the Rev. Joseph Ritson, rector 
of Egremont from 1738-58. She had no issue, and survived 
as a widow till the 14th June 1800, when she died aged eighty- 
six, and by her will left £100 for poor widows of the town of 

Robert Baynes married, about the year 1739, Elizabeth, 
eldest daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Gledhill (by 
his wife Isabella, eldest daughter of Christopher Richmond 
of Highhead Castle, co. Cumberland). This lady brought 
considerable wealth into the family, as owing to the deaths 


of two Brougham cousins without issue, the Highhead 
Castle property, on the death of Miss Susannah Richmond in 
1774, became divisible into four parts, whereof EHzabeth 
Baynes' husband received one part. This inheritance gave 
rise to long-continued litigation between Robert Baynes 
and the Gale family ; a litigation pursued with violent 
animosity on both sides, which ended, as most suits do, in 
a compromise. It was told the writer, by his great-uncle, 
Richard Baynes Armstrong, that the Mansion of Highhead 
Castle and the drive up were equally divided by a wooden 
partition, so that one party took one side and the other 
party the other side ; then to crown the absurdity of the 
proceeding, one of them unroofed his share of the house, so 
as to make the share of the other uninhabitable. Be that 
as it may be, the house certainly fell into disrepair, a sad 
commentary on the folly of domestic strife. 

All this happened after the death of Elizabeth, which 
occurred, according to her tombstone, on 3rd February 1763, 
at the age of fifty-two, which age is scarcely correct, as her 
father in his Memoirs says she was born in 1708, which would 
make her fifty-four years old. She was buried in All Saints' 
Churchyard, Cockermouth. Her husband survived her 
twenty-six years, going finally to rest on 21st August 1789, 
aged seventy- two. His will is dated 1783, with a codicil 
added in 1784, and was proved in London in 1789 ; by it he 
speaks of himself as Lord of the Manor of Highhead, and 
directs a fine to be levied. He only names daughters in his 
will, so that his sons had evidently died before him, though 
one son, Robert Baynes, is mentioned as late as 1773 in the 
will of the son's great-aunt, Miss Susannah Richmond. 


Robert Baynes' executors sold his share of the Manor and 
Castle of Highhead to Lord Brougham, who afterwards 
bought the rest from the other families concerned, and so 
became the owner of the whole ; but by purchase only, not 
by inheritance, as is so often wrongly asserted. 

The above Robert Baynes, by his wife, Elizabeth Gledhill, 
had issue as follows : — 

1. Richard Richmond Baynes, baptized at Ivegill, 

2 1st April 1740, who died an infant. 

2. Robert Baynes, who was living in 1773, named in 

his great-aunt's, Susannah Richmond, will ; but 
he apparently died before his father's will was 
made in 1783, as he is not named therein. 

3. Frances Baynes, who married her second cousin, 

Richmond Blamire. She died 6th April 1813, 
aged sixty-nine, and left issue : vide Blamire 
of The Oaks pedigree. 

4. Susannah Baynes, who died unmarried at Cocker- 

mouth on 20th August 1808, aged sixty- two years, 
and was buried at All Saints' Church there. 

5. Isabella Baynes, who married, subsequently to 

1773, the Rev. Robert Stubbs (named in his father- 
in-law's will), and left issue a son and a daughter. 

6. Deborah Ann Baynes, married to John Arm- 

strong of Lancaster, merchant, and had issue : vide 
pedigree of Armstrong of Lancaster later on. 

7. Elizabeth Baynes, married to Thomas Benson of 

Cockermouth, lawyer, as his first wife ; she died 
15th June 1780, aged thirty, leaving issue which 


is wrongly named both in Mr. William Jackson's 
paper on the Richmonds of Highhead Castle, and 
in Colonel Chippindall's Memoirs of Lt.-Col. 
Samuel Gledhill. 
8. Beersheba Baynes, who died unmarried on 5th 
September 1773. 

Thus the male stock of Baynes of Cockermouth died out, 
leaving only descendants through the female line in the 
families of Blamire, Stubbs, Armstrong and Benson. 

W. H. Chippindall. 



This family is reputed to be an offshoot of an Irish family 
of that name, and a romantic account was current amongst 
its members as to its settlement in England ; an account 
which the writer gives for what it is worth, as he personally 
places little faith in it, knowing too well how people 
embroider family history with a view to giving it and them- 
selves a spurious distinction. 

The tale is, that when King James ii. was endeavouring 
to hold Ireland against William of Orange, a family of 
Armstrongs was murdered by the Irish, who set on all 
Protestants at that time {vide Macaulay's History, vol. iii. 
pp. 266 and 267). Of this family one male child was rescued 
by an old servant, who fled with him, and taking ship arrived 
at Whitehaven. This child grew up, and was the father of 
the first of the Lancaster Armstrongs of whom we have real 
touch. As the great troubles in Ireland in 169 1 were in the 
centre part of the country. King's County would be within 
the area, and it is some slight corroboration of the above 
story that, many years ago, between 1860-67, when the writer's 
father and mother were living in Germany, they made the 
acquaintance of some Armstrongs from King's County, who 
were much struck by the likeness of the writer's mother to their 
family portraits, and inquired whether she was Irish. Un- 
luckily the address of these people was not noted at the time. 


This rather mythical Armstrong is said to have married 
and had at least two children : (i) James Armstrong, born 
circa 17 14-5 ; and (2) a daughter who married a Mr. 
Gawthorp of Kendal, by whom she had one son, Robert 
Gawthorp, and two daughters who married and lived in 
Kendal. The above Robert Gawthorp, in his old age, 
married Catherine, widow of Adam Thornborough, a daughter 
of Abraham Crompton of Lune Villa, but formerly of Chorley 
Hall, Lancashire. He had no issue by this marriage, and 
his death and burial are recorded on a tablet on the north 
wall of St. Nicholas Street Chapel in Lancaster as follows : — 

' In memory of Robert Gawthorp, Esquire, born at Kendal the ist 
of February 1754, died at Lune Villa near Lancaster, the 22nd of 
August 1844, in the 91st year of his age. The hoary head is a crown 
of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness, — Prov. xvi. 31.' 

By his will he left ;^iooo to the Unitarian Chapel of 
Lancaster. His wife died 26th February 1852, aged sixty-one, 
and was interred with her husband. 

I. James Armstrong, above named, became a Baltic 
merchant in Lancaster, importing hides, tallow, pitch, timber, 
etc., and exporting West India produce in exchange, for at 
that time Lancaster was a very important West Indian 
produce emporium : he also traded to the Western High- 
lands of Scotland, purchasing kelp for use in glass-making — 
a very profitable business at one time, as shown by his son's 
diary, now in the writer's possession. He married, about 
the year 1748, Elizabeth, the daughter of the Rev. John 
Atkinson, Congregational (? Presbyterian) minister of 
Cockermouth. This Rev. John Atkinson was a person of 


some note. His name is met with in the Rev. Oliver 
Heywood's Diary, vol. iv. p. 319 (as edited by J. Horsfall 
Turner), from which it appears that he had been a pupil of 
Mr. Frankland in Westmorland, being admitted on 3rd 
April 1697 ; Mr. Frankland dying, John Atkinson went to 
Mr. John Chorlton's in Manchester on 26th June 1699 to 
complete his education for the ministry. After labouring 
at Crook in Westmorland, he ultimately received a call to 
Cockermouth, and in the records of the Congregational 
Church there (kindly supplied to the writer by the pastor, 
the Rev. D. S. Johns) is the following regarding him : — 

' The Revd. Mr. Jno. Atkinson who was educated for the 
work of the ministry by the Revd. Mr. Frankland, and had 
served at Crook, etc., where he was well approved of : yet 
want of health and not so well able to serve there : that 
people gave him dismission as appeared unto us under their 
hands, dated Oct. 5th, 1701. Then at a solemn church 
meeting, 17th Oct. 1701, he was received a member : and 
his call being readily signed by our church, delivered the 
same to him, which call to the pastoral office he accepted off. 

' In this year 1701 a dwelling-house for the use of the 
minister was built. In 17 19 (as appears from a stone over 
the public entrance) the meeting-house was rebuilt and 
enlarged. The Revd. John Atkinson appears to have laboured 
with considerable success, and very great numbers were 
added to the church. His services on earth were finished 
about 1732 or 3.' 

This John Atkinson was the author of a book entitled 
A Discourse of Election, with Letters on the Quakers' Delusion. 
i2mo, 1708. 


Such was the father of the lady who became wife to 
James Armstrong. But sorrow dogs the steps of all the 
human race, and Elizabeth Armstrong died in giving birth 
to her first and only child, John Armstrong, who was born 
the loth October 1749, she dying on the 21st of the same 
month, and being buried in St. Nicholas Street Presbyterian 
(now Unitarian) Chapel-yard at Lancaster. Her husband, 
James Armstrong, survived until the 12th July 1783, dying 
at the age of sixty-eight, and was buried with his wife. Their 
joint tombstone, still visible and legible, reads as follows : — 

' Here lieth the body of Elizabeth, the wife of James Armstrong, 
who died Octbr. the 21st, 1749, aged 34 years. And here also lieth 
the body of the said James Armstrong, who died the 12th July 1783, 
aged 68 years.' 

II. John Armstrong succeeded to his father's business, 
which he carried on successfully. Being a Presbyterian in 
religion he was precluded from taking any part in public 
affairs, but he was an enterprising citizen, useful in his 
generation. He was one of the original promoters of the 
Preston-Lancaster and Kendal Canal, a trustee for the 
Presbyterian Chapel in St. Nicholas Street, and in May 
1797 became a lieutenant in the Loyal Lancaster Volunteers. 

Sometime in February 1781 he married Deborah Anne, 
fourth daughter of Robert Baynes, solicitor, of Cockermouth 
(see Baynes pedigree supra), by whom he had nine children, 
the last one costing the mother her life, as she died in child- 
bed on the 5th May 1792, aged forty- two (as by the family 
Bible). Her tombstone in the Unitarian (? Presbyterian) 
Chapel-yard says aged forty-four, and the writer believes that 


forty-four is the correct age, judging by the ages of her 
sisters. Her husband survived her until the 13th April 1829, 
when he died in his eightieth year. The writer has portraits 
of this couple. Their tombstone in the Unitarian Chapel- 
yard reads : — 

' In memory of John Armstrong, Esquire, of Lancaster, who died 
the 13th April 1829, in the 80th year of his age. And of Deborah 
Anne, his wife, who died the 5th May, a.d. 1792, aged 44 years. And 
of three of their children — two who died very young being buried 
here, and the third, Samuel, a captain in the 5th Regiment of Foot, 
who died in the West Indies, the 20th of October, a.d. 1821, aged 
31 years.' 

Inside the chapel on the south wall there is a tablet which 
will be given lower down, being a general family tablet. 

The children of this couple were all born at Lancaster, 
and were as follows : — 

{a) Robert Baynes Armstrong, born 7th April 1784, 
of whom later. 

(b) James Armstrong, born 6th October 1785, died 

13th October 1798. 

(c) John Armstrong, born 9th August 1786, of whom 


(d) Richard Baynes Armstrong, born 2nd March 

1789, of whom later. 

(e) Samuel Armstrong, born 17th October 1790, of 

whom later. 

(f) Joseph Armstrong, born 2nd May 1792, died 15th 

May 1792. 

(g) Elizabeth Armstrong, born 21st February 1782, 

of whom later. 


{h) Deborah Anne Armstrong, born i6th February 
1783, died unmarried at Lancaster 21st June 
1 86 1, buried in the Lancaster cemetery. 

(i) Susannah Armstrong, born 13th October 1787, 
of whom later. 

III. Robert Baynes Armstrong, the eldest son, was 
educated at Clitheroe Grammar School and afterwards at 
Sedbergh School, where he made the acquaintance of his 
life-long friend, Henry Aglionby Aglionby of Nunnery, 
Carlisle. From there he proceeded to St. John's College, 
Cambridge, in 1803 ; became B.A. in 1807 ; elected a Fellow 
of the College on the Lupton Foundation in 1809 ; was called 
to the Bar of the Inner Temple, and followed the profession 
of a barrister with considerable success. In 1836 he became 
Recorder of Hull, in 1837 Recorder of Leeds, and in 1848 
Recorder of Manchester and Bolton. He was a Bencher of 
the Inner Temple and a Queen's Counsel. In March 1848 
he became the Liberal candidate for Parliament at a bye- 
election for the borough of Lancaster, and was returned by 
636 votes to 620 polled by his opponent, the Honourable E. H. 
Stanley (afterwards Earl of Derby). On 23rd March Mr. 
Stanley petitioned against Mr. Armstrong's return, but 
after a scrutiny the election was declared valid. At the 
General Election in July 1852 he was again returned, and 
again petitioned against, and this time successfully. 

He married his cousin Frances, daughter of Richmond 
Blamire, a niece to Susannah Blamire, the poetess, called 
'the Muse of Cumberland' {vide Blamire pedigree). This 
lady had no issue, and died 19th March 1862, aged seventy- 


seven ; she was buried at KIrkby Lonsdale. Her husband 
survived her seven years, Hving in Chester Square, London, 
and looked after by his late wife's niece, Miss Catherine 
Blamire, until the 15th January 1869 when he died, and was 
also buried at Kirkby Lonsdale. The reason for selecting 
Kirkby Lonsdale as a place of sepulchre was the fact that 
he had inherited a farm * Nether Hall ' in the old parish of 
Kirkby Lonsdale, and so no doubt felt drawn to the place, 
but he had sold the place some time before to Mr. Wilson of 
Rigmaden. The inscription on the tomb next to the one 
which contains Mrs. Armstrong's sister, is as follows : — 

' Here rests in God, by the side of her loved and long mourned 
sister, Frances wife of Robert Baynes Armstrong, Esquire, Queen's 
Counsel, of the Inner Temple, London, died 19th March 1862, aged 77. 
Psalm Ixxiii. ver. 26, " My flesh and my heart faileth, but God is 
the strength of my heart and my portion forever." 

'Also by her so tenderly in life, and mourned in death, Robert 
Baines Armstrong, Q.C., bencher of the Inner Temple, who died 
January 15th, 1869, aged 84.' 

It will be at once noticed that in this last epitaph there 
are two errors, viz. : a word left out and the name Baynes 
spelt wrongly. The omitted word is probably ' loved ' and 
the sentence would then read : 'Also by her so tenderly 
loved in life, and mourned in death,' etc. 

IV. John Armstrong, of Acrelands, Skerton, near 
Lancaster, J. P. and D.L, for co. Lancaster, brother to the 
above, was in early life in the Honourable East India 
Company's Military Service, but his health not standing 
the Indian climate, he quitted that service, and returning 
to Lancaster joined Messrs. William Thompson and Sons in 


their silk mill at Galgate, near Lancaster, his father and 
brother-in-law (Richard Thompson of Nateby) being already 
sleeping partners in the firm. When Thomas Thompson 
(the last of that family in the business) died, John Armstrong 
became the sole owner. 

John Armstrong was a Liberal in politics and entered 
fully into the municipal affairs of Lancaster town, becoming, 
in 1838-9, Mayor of that ancient borough. On 7th March 
1839 he, as Mayor, accompanied by Thomas Housman 
Higgin (see Higgin pedigree), attended a great meeting in 
Manchester for the repeal of the Corn Laws. In July 1841 
he stood as Liberal candidate for the parliamentary seat of 
Lancaster, but was defeated. It is said that at this election 
' bribery was unknown.' In recognition of his honesty in 
this matter he was presented with a medal and address on 
the 9th October 1841. He was also an ardent teetotaller. 

Having become the owner of the silk mill at Galgate, 
he went to great expense in rebuilding and rearranging the 
mill, he building the great red brick mill now used. These 
expenses hampered him greatly, and, when he died suddenly 
on 1 6th October 1858, his affairs were deeply involved and 
were only brought to a satisfactory state by his brother 
Richard taking his estate over, and carrying it on on his 
own responsibility (see below, Richard B. Armstrong). 

John Armstrong had married, about the year 1828, 
Hannah, third daughter of Abraham Crompton, of Chorley 
Hall, and afterwards of Lune Villa, near Lancaster ; by her 
he had an only child Hannah, who died on 28th March 1837 
in her ninth year. Her tombstone in the St. Nicholas 
Street Chapel-yard has the simple inscription : * Our beloved 


child, Hannah Armstrong, rests here, 1837.' Within the 
chapel on the north wall is the following on a tablet : 
* Hannah, daughter of John and Hannah Armstrong, of 
Acrelands, departed this life, March 28th, 1837, in the 
ninth year of her age. " If ye love me, keep my command- 
ments." — John, 14th chap. 15th verse.' 

John Armstrong's widow resided at Acrelands until her 
death, which occurred on the 14th August 1878, at the age 
of eighty-six. She was buried with her husband in the 
Lancaster cemetery. 

V. Richard Baynes Armstrong, the next brother, was 
educated at Clitheroe Grammar School and trained as a 
solicitor, which profession he followed in London, having 
chambers in Staple Inn, Holborn, where he laboured for 
fifty years ; he never married, but when his brother John 
died in 1858, leaving his affairs much involved, Richard 
wound up his own business in London and returned to the 
family house in King Street, Lancaster, to live with his sister 
Anne, and take over the responsibility for his brother's affairs, 
so as to endeavour to bring them round again. It was a 
brave act in a man close on seventy years of age. To assist 
him he associated with himself Mr. William Satterthwaite of 
Lancaster, and between them they not only discharged all 
the liabilities of John Armstrong, but were able to settle ;^400 
a year on Mrs. John Armstrong for her life, and make her 
a present of the contents of the Acrelands house. The 
business of the silk mill did well and became a thriving 
concern by the time of the death of this Richard Armstrong, 
which occurred on the i8th February 1867, at the age of 


seventy-seven. He was a J. P. for the county of Lancaster, 
a director of the Lancaster Bank, and a member of the 
Lancaster Burial Board. In politics, a Liberal, like the rest 
of his family. He was buried in the Lancaster cemetery 
alongside of his brother John. 

VI. Samuel Armstrong was originally intended by his 
father to have succeeded to the family interest in the Galgate 
silk mill, and for that purpose was sent to work in the mill 
and learn the methods of manufacture. But owing to 
certain circumstances his father thought it advisable that he 
should abandon this career and make a fresh start in life, 
so he purchased for him a commission in the 5th Regiment 
of Foot and sent him off to his regiment, where he rose to 
be a captain, and died of yellow fever in the West Indies on 
the 20th October 1821, aged thirty-one years. His widow 
resided in Lancaster, but there was no issue to the marriage. 

VII. Elizabeth Armstrong, eldest sister to the above, 
married Richard Thompson, J. P. and D.L., of Nateby Hall, 
CO. Lancaster (brother to the William Thompson who founded 
the Galgate silk mill). He died in Lancaster on 29th 
November 1827, aged fifty-nine. She died at Morecambe 
on 1 8th November 1859. There is a tablet in St. Mary's 
Church, Lancaster, to their memory which is inscribed as 
follows : — 

' Sacred to the memory of Richard Thompson, Esq., of Lancaster 
and of Nateby Hall ; a magistrate and Deputy-Lieutenant for the 
County ; died November 29th, 1827, aged 59 years. And of Elizabeth 
his wife, daughter of John Armstrong, Esq., of Lancaster ; died the 
i8th November 1859, aged "]"] years. " Having a desire to depart and 
be with Christ, which is far better." — Phil. i. v. 23.' 


This couple left an only daughter, Elizabeth Thompson, 
who married John Stewart (a collateral of the Earl of 
Galloway's family). She died in Edinburgh 20th June 1877, 
leaving an only son, John Leveson Douglas Stewart of 
Glenogil, Forfarshire, who had issue. 

VIII. Susannah Armstrong, youngest sister, was married, 
on the 24th June 1814, to John Higgin, junior, of Lancaster, 
a solicitor, and sometime Town Clerk of Lancaster (see Higgin 
pedigree infra). She died 13th March 1852, leaving issue. 

Thus the family of Armstrong of Lancaster died out in 
the male line, and is now only represented through the 
families of Thompson and Higgin. 

On the south wall inside the Chapel in St. Nicholas Street, 
Lancaster, there is a general family tablet which bears the 
following inscription, viz. : — 

'To the memory of John Armstrong, Esq., only child of James 
Armstrong, Esq., and Elizabeth his wife, born loth October 1749, and 
died 13th April 1829. And also in memory of Deborah Anne Arm- 
strong, the dear and beloved daughter of the said John Armstrong 
and Deborah Anne his wife, fourth daughter of Robert Baynes, Esq., 
of Cockermouth, born i6th February 1783 and died 21st June 1861. 
Also in memory of Richard Baynes Armstrong, fourth son of the 
above John Armstrong, born March 2nd, 1789, died February i8th, 

W. H. Chippindall. 

Elizabeth Thompson, the only child of Richard 
Thompson of Nateby, and Elizabeth Armstrong, his wife, 
was born 3rd December 18 19, and died at Edinburgh 20th 


June 1877. She married, 9th of March 1841, John Stewart 
(who was the son of Leveson Douglas Stewart, who married, 
i6th October 1808, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John 
Dalrymple-Hay, Bart. Leveson Douglas was the grandson 
of the sixth Earl of Galloway) . They had issue : 

John Leveson Douglas Stewart of Glenogil, Forfar- 
shire, who died in London 27th June 1877, and who married 
Margaret Ann Gibson-Thomson, who is still alive, and by 
her left issue : — 

1. John Stewart of Glenogil, born in 1869, married 

Valentia, daughter of William Worship. 

2. Grace Hamilton Stewart, married, in 1894, 

Edwin Arthur Russell Benham, of Colombo, 

3. Elizabeth Stewart, died unmarried in 1887. 

E. R. Y. 


.?£8i bac J .'. 


Thomas Hegyn, 
circa 1375-1435- 

Thomas Hegyi 
tenant or fret 

heir, living ia 1558, when = 
Townley and Helen his 
5 Phnip and Mary.) 

John I 

25 N; 

xxui, in.ciiii;ucsici, Oil / 

Sept. 1887, John Richard, 
2nd son of John Rhodes 
of Cheetham, Manchester. 


d. 31 May 

b. 28 Nov. 1858, d. 
1889, leaving issu 
James Sanders, 20 Ji|)'eT 

Walter Winfield Higg 
b. 18 Dec. i88q. 


This family is of ancient yeoman stock in Lancashire, being 
found with many branches about Colne early in the 
fifteenth century. An attempt was made by the late 
George Higgin, C.E., to connect it with the Hugons or 
Higgins of Boycote, co. Salop, but so far the present writer 
sees no authority for such derivation, and a perusal of the 
Court Rolls of the Honour of Clitheroe points, in his opinion, 
unmistakably to the fact that this family had its origin in 
Lancashire around Colne. 

The first mention in the above-named rolls of the name 
is at a Halmote of the Manor of Colne, held there on 
Tuesday, 26th July 1425, when John, son of Thomas Hegyn, 
was amerced in twopence for not appearing to answer Thomas 
Wilkynson of Thorneton. Considering this entry we see that 
John, the son, was of full age (say twenty-five) and his father, 
Thomas, is still alive : if John was the eldest son, and was 
born circa 1400, the father, Thomas, supposing he was 
twenty-five when he married, would have been born circa 
1375 ; which carries the date of this family in Lancashire 
a hundred years earlier than the date assigned for their 
settlement there by George Higgin. 

The next entry is under date a.d. 1443, being a list of 


tenants and freeholders of the Honour of Clitheroe, where, 
under the heading of Little Marsden, appear the names of 
Richard and Thomas Hegyn. What the relationship was 
between this Richard and Thomas and the previous John 
and Thomas, it is now probably impossible to say, but there 
can be no doubt that they were of the same family. 

Then at an interval of fifty-seven years, on the i6th 
August 1500, we come across a John Hychyn or Hegyn, 
curate of Colne (in subsequent entries called a chantry priest), 
who was a witness in a suit brought in the Court of the 
Commissary of Whalley against Nichole Hartley. This 
John appears at intervals down to 154 1, generally as a trustee. 
In Baines' History of Lancashire (edition of 1888) he is 
called ' Vicar of Colne,' but wrongly, as he is distinctly called 
a ' chantry priest ' in the rolls. 

At the Halmote of the Manor of Colne on Tuesday, 
24th October 1508, Christopher Diconson surrenders a Garden, 
called Malkenyard, with appurtenances, in Colne to the use 
of John Hegyn, chantry priest. (Evidently a marriage 
settlement, see nth October 1530 below.) 

On the 28th May 15 10, Henry Hygyn is elected Constable 
of Colne. In 15 18 Lawrence Hygyn was rated at 3s. 5d 
for tythe corn in Marsden (vide L. and C. R. S., vol. xxxv 

p. 38). 

At the Halmote of Colne on Tuesday, nth October 1530 
John Heyggyn, chantry priest, surrendered one cottage and 
one garden, in the tenure of John West, with the appurten 
ances in Colne, to the use of Henry, son of Lawrence Heygyn 
Admittance granted, fine iiij d. 

At the same court next year, viz. on 13th June 1531 


Nicholas Dayll, for making a fray upon John Heygyn, 
chantry priest, and for drawing his blood, having no means, 
was punished bodily. 

On the 6th April 1540, John Hegyn of Marsden, mentioned 
as feofee. 

In Court Roll No. 22 of 1 540-1, on Tuesday, 26th May, 
John Ellott surrenders to John Heigyn, chantry priest, and 
Robert Heigyn and Henry, son of Lawrence Heigyn, and 
John, son of John Heigyn, feofees, two houses and one garden 
in Colne, for the use of Sir John Heigyn {i.e. the chantry priest) 
for life, and after his death to Robert Heigyn, and after them 
to Richard, son of Robert Heigyn, and his heirs. 

On the same date, Robert Heigyn of Colne and Henry 
Heigyn of Moosehowse were elected constables of Colne. 

At the Halmote of Colne on i8th October 1541, 
Christopher Heigyn is a witness. 

On the 25th April 1542, the jury present Robert Hegyn 
for not exercising his ofhce as constable by punishing vaga- 
bonds : he is amerced xij d. 

On 26th October 1543, William Heygn is elected a 
constable of Colne. 

On 20th October 1545, Robert Hegyn (with others) is 
fined for trespass xij d. 

On 2nd October 1556 William Hygyne, deceased, is 

On 29th April 1558, Henry Hygyn of Great Marsden 
surrendered one messuage, one barn, one garden and appurten- 
ance in Colne to use of Thomas Banester in fee. 

On 30th May 1564 William Emotte surrendered one 
messuage and six acres of land in Colne to feofees to the use 


of John Highyn of Colne and his assigns for twenty years at 
a yearly rent of 50s. 

Also at same time, John Kelpas, Richard Mychill, John 
Highyn of Little Marsden, and Henry Highyn surrendered one 
messuage, one barn, and one garden with appurtenances in 
Colne, now in holding of John Ellotte alias Duke, to the use of 
John Highyn of Colne and his heirs. Admittance granted, 
fine 2d. 

On nth June 1566 James Higgin and Jennet, his wife, 
are interested in land in Colne. 

On 23rd May 1567 the jury present John Higgin and 
Nicholas Higgyn, with others, for breaking the Queen's soil 
upon Sheffield and trespassing. John fined iiij d., Nicholas ij d. 

We thus see that there were old established families of 
Higgen at Colne, Great Marsden and Little Marsden, and 
as George Higgin went very carefully over the Higgin wills 
at Chester, and as his dates all tally with the entries in the 
published Church Registers of Colne, Burnley and Whalley, 
the writer is of opinion that the pedigree he compiled is quite 
reliable from the Richard Higgen who, according to him, settled 
in Marsden in 1470, but who was really born and bred there ; 
and, if we assume (for there is no proof at present) that he 
is identical with the Richard Higgin named in the List of 
Tenants and Freeholders in 1443, we arrive at the descent 
shown on the accompanying chart. 

[I have thought it as well to insert a short narrative 
pedigree of the Higgin family from the time of Richard 
Higgin of Ethersall circa 1443, as this is in accordance with 
the scheme of the rest of the book. 


1. Richard Hegyn named in lists of 1443 as a tenant 

freeholder in Little Marsden, living in 1470. He 
married and left issue : 

(a) Richard Higgen of Bradley, eldest son ; he was disin- 

herited by his father. 

(b) Henry Higgens (our ancestor). 

2. Henry Higgens of Ethersall, son and heir, living in 

1558, when he purchased land from Lawrence 
Towneley and Helen, his wife. (See Final Con- 
cords 4 and 5 Philip and Mary.) He married 
and left issue, 

3. John Higgens of Ethersall, admitted as heir 25th 

November 1547, buried at Burnley nth May 
1578. He married and left issue : 

John Higgin (our ancestor). 
Lawrence Higgin, who married and left issue. 
Henry Higgin, died unmarried. 

Anna Higgin, married at Whalley, 4th July 1577, to 
John Talbot of Whalley. 

4. John Higgin of Ethersall (son and heir of No. 3) ; 

buried at Colne 30th August 1601. Married 
Isabella, daughter of John Swayne of Southfield, 
at Burnley, 9th October 1572 (buried at Colne 
i6th April 1616), and left issue : 

Isabella Higgin, married at Colne on 20th May 1602 to 

George Hoghton of Pendleton. 
John Higgin (our ancestor). 

5. John Higgin of Ethersall (son and heir of No. 4) ; 

will dated 25th March 1617, proved at Chester; 


buried at Colne 29th March 16 17. Married Mary, 
daughter of Laurence Towneley of Barnside, 
second son of Laurence Towneley of Barnside by 
Helen, daughter of Thomas Hesketh of Rufford, 
fourth in descent from John Towneley of 
Towneley and Isabel, daughter of Richard 
Sherburne of Stonyhurst, and left issue : 

John Higgin, who married and left issue (see Higgin 

Chart Pedigree). 
Mary Higgin, baptized at Colne loth Feb. 1605, married 

George Banister. 
Isabella Higgin, baptized at Colne 7th Feb. 1601, buried 

there 6th May 1602. 
Anna Higgin, baptized at Colne 20th March 1607. 
Henry Higgin (our ancestor). 
James Higgin of Marsden (see Higgin Chart Pedigree). 

6. Henry Higgin of Marsden (son of No. 5), baptized 

at Colne 8th July 1610 ; buried at Colne 14th 
February 1644. Married at Burnley, loth June 
1629, Jenet, daughter of Edmond Spencer of 
Hurstwood, who was baptized at Burnley loth 
April 1603, buried at Colne 13th October 1635. 
He left issue : 

Henry Higgin, baptized at Colne 23rd Dec. 1632. 
John Higgin (our ancestor). 

7. John Higgin of Wiswall, baptized at Colne 20th 

September 1635, and died there about 1690. 
Married Mary, who was buried at Whalley 
2nd April 1692, and left issue : 


Edmond Higgin, baptized 3rd Nov. 1659, died s.p. 

22nd Sept. 1738. 
Robert Higgin (our ancestor) . 
Anna Higgin, died unmarried in 1730. 
Elizabeth Higgin, died unmarried in 1736. 
John Higgin of Wiswall (see Higgin Chart Pedigree). 

8. Robert Higgin of Whalley (son of No. 7), 

baptized 20th April 1668 ; buried at Whalley 
27th October 1729. Married Janet, who died 
26th December 1724, and by her had issue : 

James Higgin (our ancestor). 

John Higgin (see Higgin Chart Pedigree). 

Thomas Higgin, baptized 7th January 1702. 

9. James Higgin of Tottington (son of No. 8), 

baptized 17th of August 1707. Married at Bury 
on 4th March 1734, Letitia, daughter of George 
Waddington of Woodhay, near Bury, and had 
issue an only son, 

John Higgin of Woodhay, born 31st March 1735, 
admitted heir 2nd November 1764, married Mary, 
daughter of Wilham Home (a cousin of George 
Home, D.D., Bishop of Norwich). She was born 7th 
January 1735, and died in August 1786. 

Here Colonel Chippindall commences the narrative 
pedigree. E. R. Y.] 

This family does not appear to have produced any men 
of more than ordinary character, nor to have occupied any 
public office until the eighteenth century, when we find 
John Higgin (1735-83) holding the office of governor and 
keeper of Lancaster Castle. It is said that this John (the 


first of three successive men of that name in Lancaster) 
in early life followed the sea as a profession, that he built 
himself a ship in America, and lading it with produce, sailed 
in to Lancaster, where he disposed of ship and cargo. At 
that time the previous governor of the castle had died, and 
John Higgin obtained the appointment, most probably by 
purchase, as all these public appointments were at that time 
bought and sold in the most barefaced manner {vide 
Howard's State of Public Prisons) . 

He only held office a short time, as he, in common with 
many others attending the Assizes, was attacked by an 
outbreak of jail-fever, to which he succumbed on 24th 
December 1783. 

The magistrates, feeling that he had not enjoyed his 
office for long, nominated his only son, John Higgin, the 
second, to the vacant governorship, which he held for close 
on fifty years. He appears to have been a man of some 
benevolence, taking an interest in the welfare of the prisoners 
in the castle, and it is on record that on March 20th, 1802, 
the thanks of the Grand Jury were given to Mr. Higgin, 
governor of the gaol, for his pamphlet : 'Advice to prisoners 
committed for trial.' He also assisted a young Frenchman, 
from Alsace, who had been imprisoned by his Manchester 
employer for disclosing trade secrets, ultimately obtaining 
his liberation, in return for which the Frenchman sent him, 
from Strassburg, a most grateful letter with two bronze 
medals, which are kept in a box in the castle, and handed on 
from governor to governor. 

In 1812 reports arose that he was harsh, and a petition 
was presented to Parliament against him, but the magistrates 


of the county in Quarter Sessions at Preston, on 25th June 
1 8 12, supported him, and passed a resolution which states 
that * we feel it due to his character and station to bear this 
public testimony to his merits, and to repress, as far as in us 
lies, that mischievous spirit of insubordination, which leads 
to the dissolution of all wholesome and necessary restraint, 
and by its daring calumnies inflicts a severe wound on the 
feelings of a most meritorious public servant, of whom we 
think it more than ever necessary to declare that he possesses 
our entire and unqualified esteem and confidence.' 

In 1818, on 2ist September, Mrs. Fry, the prison phil- 
anthropist, visited the castle, and expressed much satisfaction 
with its plan and the cleanliness, order and industry on 
the men's side of the prison, observing that she had seen 
nothing like it in other places, and expressing the hope 
that the women would be equally well employed and 
regulated when the new buildings were ready for their 

This John Higgin also took an interest in the municipal 
life of the town of Lancaster, becoming a member of the 
Corporation, and was elected an Alderman of the town on 
2ist August 1813. 

There being no house for the governor in the castle at 
that time, he resided at Greenfield, near to where St. Peter's 
Roman Catholic Church now stands ; here he had a small 
observatory, in which he made astronomical observations ; 
a taste which he probably got from his seafaring father. 

On the loth May 1784, he married Mary, daughter of 
Robert Housman, of Lune Bank, Skerton, of a very old- 
established yeoman family there. (The earliest notice which 


the writer possesses of them is an undated complaint, some 
time between 1503-23, of Thomas and John Houseman, 
tenants of the Manor of Skerton, against Alexander, Abbott 
of Furness, regarding his fishery in the river Lune.) Of 
this marriage there was a family of nine children, as shown 
on the chart. As most of them left descendants they will 
be taken by families numbered with Roman numerals. 

I. The eldest son, John Higgin, the third, was brought 
up to the law and became an attorney (as solicitors were 
then called). His most celebrated case was the long contested 
suit, Tatham v. Wright, for the ownership of Hornby Castle ; 
a case which turned on the capacity of Mr. John Marsden of 
Hornby Castle to make a will. There were seven or eight 
trials, and at last. Admiral Tatham, who was heir at law to 
Mr. Marsden, won his case, through (as he said) the dogged- 
ness of Mr. John Higgin. John Higgin was at one time 
Town Clerk of Lancaster, but after the reform of the 
municipal borough, his place was given to another lawyer. 
He married Susannah, daughter of John Armstrong of 
Lancaster, merchant, and had a family of one son and three 
daughters. He died in 1847, the same year as that in which 
his father died, the latter dying in the spring and he in the 

I. His only son, William Housman Higgin, became a 
barrister of the Middle Temple on 28th January 
1848, and joined the Northern Circuit. He soon 
established his reputation. In 1868 he became a 
Queen's Counsel and Bencher of his Inn, and was 
largely employed in arbitration cases in Manchester. 


Soon after he was appointed chairman of the 
Quarter Sessions for the Salford Hundred. In 
1879 he was invited by the magistrates of the 
Preston Sessions to act as chairman of the Preston 
Court of Quarter Sessions, and he discharged 
the duties of that office for several years without 
receiving any remuneration, but later on an 
Act of Parliament was passed empowering the 
magistrates to give him a salary of ;^8oo a year ; 
the same amount as he received from Salford. 
In 1890 he was appointed Recorder of Preston, 
an office he held till his death on 30th January 
1893. He married, on 20th August 1840, Mary, 
eldest daughter -of James Calah of Holm Hall, 
Lincolnshire, but had no issue. In his private 
capacity he was a warm-hearted, generous man, 
and the writer of this article can recall many a 
pleasure given to him both as boy and man by 
this most generous of uncles. 

[I should like to endorse what Colonel Chippindall has 
said about our uncle. To the Yerburghs he was always the 
kindliest and most affectionate of uncles, the most open- 
handed and generous of men, and if his health had only been 
equal to his ability, there can be no doubt but that he would 
have been made a Judge of the High Court : but unfortun- 
ately nearly all his life he was a martyr to gout, and at times 
suffered excruciating agony. This malady undoubtedly 
seriously retarded him in his professional advancement, 
and it was really surprising how he could preserve such an 


unruffled sweetness of temper in the most trying circumstances 
and whilst labouring under this great affliction. 

He was an enthusiastic yachtsman and a perfect sailor. 
Many a cruise I have had with him on board his yacht the 
John o' Gaunt, a fine vessel of about 150 tons. 

As a chairman of the magistrates at their quarterly 
meetings, when conducting business which has now been 
taken over by the County Councils, he was at his best. To 
a quick grasp of principles he joined a singular tenacity of 
purpose, so that when once he had taken up a position it 
was difficult to shake him. His strength of will seemed 
to impress itself upon his colleagues. He was one of the 
finest types I have ever known of the ' real old English 
Gentleman.' Generous, genial, sympathetic and honest in 
every sense of the word, in social life he won affection and 
popularity. He was one of the men who do not make 
enemies, but find friendship stronger as years pass by and 
intimacy becomes closer. His knowledge, love of justice, 
and impartiality gained for him the confidence of those who 
met him in a business or official capacity : and as a legal 
adviser, advocate or arbitrator, he acted so conscientiously 
and with such scrupulous fairness that the faintest shadow 
of mistrust was never cast upon him. His strong common- 
sense and more than usual gift of expression gave a tone to 
every public meeting in which he took part. E. R. Y.] 

2. The eldest daughter, Ann Higgin, married Murdo 
Robertson, Writer to the Signet, of Edinburgh, 
and had issue twins, namely a son James, and a 
daughter Anne, born loth November 1850. Ann 


died in giving birth to these children, of whom 
only James survived. He became heir to his 
uncle, Captain Robertson-Walker, R.N., of Gil- 
garran, co. Cumberland, assuming the additional 
name of Walker on succeeding to the estate. 
(See Robertson-Walker of Gilgarran.) 

3. The second daughter, Elizabeth Agnes Higgin, 

married her cousin Thomas, eldest son of John 
Chippindall, J. P., D.L., of Lancaster, and had 
issue. (See Chippindall pedigree infra.) 

4. The third daughter, Susannah Higgin, married the 

Rev. Richard Yerburgh, B.A., Vicar of Sleaford, 
and had issue. (See Yerburgh pedigree.) 

n. The second son of the second John Higgin, namely 
Thomas Housman Higgin (i 788-1 861), became a partner in a 
cotton-mill with his brother-in-law, George Burrow (Burrow 
and Higgin), but relinquishing that, he acted as deputy 
governor of Lancaster Castle during the latter part of his 
father's lifetime. During this period he took part in the 
municipal life of the town, and was Mayor in 1836-7, but 
on the death of his father in 1847 he moved to Belfast, 
where he became manager of the County Down Railway. On 
the 13th July 18 16 he married Sarah, third daughter of 
the Rev. James Winfield, M.A., of Chester, by whom he had 
a family of ten children. He died in London 27th March 
1 86 1, and was buried in Lancaster churchyard. 

I. His eldest son, Winfield Higgin, born 6th April 1817, 
married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Mason, by 


whom he had three daughters. The whole family 
emigrated to New Zealand. He died about the 
year 1884, and his wife died at Nelson, N. Z., 
8th October 1881. 

2. Edward Higgin, second son, born 3rd June 1819, 

married Elizabeth, second daughter of John Hind, 
of The Lodge, Belfast, merchant, on 28th 
December 1848 : they had two children who 
died young. His wife died at Trostan, Bury 
St. Edmunds, on i8th January 1880. He died 
at Bromley, Kent, on 24th April 1885, and was 
buried with his wife at Troston, Bury St. 

3. James Higgin, born ist January 1824, became a 

manufacturing chemist in Manchester ; married 
Mary Anne Glyn. He died in Manchester 27th 
June 1885, leaving a family which with their 
mother emigrated to Adelaide, South Australia, 
where the mother died i6th October 1906, aged 
seventy-two. James Higgin's family was : — 

{a) Alfred James Higgin, Professor of Chemistry in 1911 
at Adelaide University, S. Australia. 

{b) Sarah Winfield Higgin, married at St. Luke's Church, 
Cheetham Hill, Manchester, on 7th Sept. 1887, to 
John Richard, second son of John Rhodes of 
Cheetham Hill, Manchester, and has issue. 

(c) Florence Mabel Higgin, married to George Silvan. 

[d) Geneta Spencer Higgin. 
{e) May Higgin. 

4. Thomas Higgin, born 29th January 1827, salt 


merchant of Liverpool and J. P. ; married, on 
8th June 1853, Rachel Marsden, daughter of John 
Hind of the Lodge, Belfast. He died 27th 
November 1891. His wife died 13th May 1891, 
having had the following family : — 

{a) John Edward Higgin, born 3rd September 1854, cotton 
broker, of Liverpool and St. Louis, U.S.A., married 
Lilias Mary, daughter of Charles B. Bean, merchant, 
of Liverpool, at St. Bartholomew's Church, Roby, 
Lancashire, on 14th August 1878; she died at 
Lancaster on 8th September 1906, aged 50, and was 
buried at Field Broughton, near Cartmel. He died 
at Grange-over-Sands i6th December 1908, and was 
buried with his wife. They had issue : 

(i) Charles Edmund Higgin, born 21st May 1879. 
(ii) Elsie Marsden Higgin, born 8th May 1885, 
married at Carmel, 13th June 1906, to Henry 
Sandys Barker, Barrister-at-Law, youngest 
son of Frederick Barker of Longlands, 
Grange-over-Sands, Lanes., and has issue. 
(&) William Sinclair Higgin, born 23rd March 1856, cotton 
broker, of Liverpool, married, 6th February 1889, 
at the Episcopal Church, Annan, Jane, daughter of 
James Saunders, gentleman, of Seaforth, Annan, N.B., 
and has issue : 
(i) Walter Winfield Higgin, born i8th December 

(ii) Isabel Marsden Higgin, born 24th March 1891. 
(iii) Helen Sinclair Higgin, born 14th June 1892. 
(c) Bessie Higgin, born 30th June 1857, married, 19th July 

1882, Charles A. Earle, and has issue. 
{d) Amy Josephine Higgin, born 28th November 1858, 
married, on 20th June 1883, James Saunders, and 
had issue. She died 15th December 1889. 


{e) Rachel Evelyn Higgin, born 31st July i860, married on 
26th August 1885 Henry S. Roughton, and had issue. 
She died 19th February 1904. 
(/) Thomas Housman Higgin, born 30th November 1862, 
salt merchant, of Liverpool, married on 2nd October 
1888 Marion S., daughter of Peter Hannay, at Sefton 
Park Church, Liverpool. He died ist November 
1907, leaving issue : 

(i) Harold Sinclair Higgin, born 2nd July 1889. 
(ii) Rachel Madge Higgin, born loth April 1891. 
(g) Charles Earmot Higgin, salt merchant, born 20th 
December 1864, married, at Tarporley Parish Church 
on 30th Nov. 1895, Nellie Hayes. He died 2nd 
October 1909, leaving issue : 
(i) Norah Higgin, born 15th March 1898. 
{h) Edmund Spencer Higgin, born 9th May 1866, died 31st 
May 1876. 

5. John Higgin, born 4th May 1829, married 

Margaret Grant Campbell. Died in Memphis, 
U.S.A., 5th October 1880. His widow died 12th 
August 1899. They left issue two daughters, viz.: 

{a) Ethel Margaret Higgin, married to the Rev. Arthur 
Lea-Wilson, Vicar of Learesden, and has one son, 
Basil Lea-Wilson, house-surgeon of the West London 
Hospital in 1911. 

(6) Agnes Higgin. 

6. George Higgin, born i6th January 1833, a civil 

engineer, married Elena Bertodano, daughter of 
the Marques de Moral, Spain. He died 8th 
November 1892 at Maidenhead s.p. ; widow 
living in 1911. This George Higgin compiled 
the first Higgin pedigree, and is the person 
referred to in the introduction. 


7. Mary Higgin, born 3rd April 18 18, married, at 

Belfast, 4th July 1849, the Rev. David Stevenson, 
Vicar of Wendy, Cambridgeshire. She died at 
Bromley, Kent, 5.^., on loth February 1891, and 
was buried there. 

8. Martha Higgin, born 2nd October 1821, died 

unmarried, nth July 1899, at Bromley, Kent, 
and was buried there. 

9. Sarah Anne Higgin, born 26th December 1826, 

died unmarried, 12th December 1891 ; buried at 
Bromley, Kent. 

10. Letitia Higgin, born 20th November 1837; living 

at Maidenhead unmarried in 191 1. 

HI. The third son of the second John Higgin of Lancaster 
was Robert Higgin, born loth January 1792, who entered the 
army and served in the 12th Regiment of Infantry. He 
retired as a half-pay captain, having married Anna Maria, 
daughter of Patrick Bellew, of Mount Bellew, co. Galway, 
Ireland. He died 24th June 1853, leaving issue one son : 

I. John Chippindall Higgin, clerk in Holy Orders, 
who assumed the name of Montesquieu Bellew : 
he was a chaplain in the Bengal Establishment 
at Calcutta, where he met and married his first 

wife, Eva, daughter of Money, whom he 

afterwards divorced. Returning to England he 
became incumbent of St. Mark's, Hamilton 
Terrace, London. Here he married his second 
wife, the relict of a Mr. Wilkinson, by whom he 
had no children. Becoming a Roman Catholic, 


he gave up his orders and travelled about, lectur- 
ing and reading, having a genius for the latter. 
He died in 1875, leaving issue by his first wife : — 

{a) Evelyn Bellew, who married but left no issue. 

(6) Harold Kyrle Bellew, born 28th March 1855, was 
brought up in the mercantile marine, but became an 
actor in Buckstone's Company in 1876. In 1888 he 
was acting with Mrs. Brown Potter, and travelled a 
great deal. He died at Salt Lake City on ist 
November 1911. He married but left no issue. 

(c) Sybil Bellew, married a Mr. Whaite, a civil engineer in 

Bombay, on whose death she returned to England, and 
having no issue, became a nun in the convent of Poor 
Clares in Cornwall Road, London, being ah ve in 191 1. 

(d) Claire Bellew, married Major Joseph Boulderson, but 

died early, leaving issue. 

IV. The fourth son of the second John Higgin of 
Lancaster was the Right Rev. William HiGGiN, D.D., Bishop 
of Derry and Raphoe, born 27th September 1793 ; educated 
at Lancaster Grammar School and at Trinity College, 
Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. and thirteenth 
Wrangler in 1817, but took the degrees of M.A. and D.D. 
at Trinity College, Dublin. Became Rector of Roscrea in 
1828, Vicar-General of Killaloe in 1834, Dean of Limerick in 
1844, and Bishop of Limerick in 1849 : translated to Derry 
in 1853, which diocese he ruled until his death on 12th July 
1867, leaving a name in Derry as a charitable, broad-minded 
man, beloved by Roman Catholics as well as Protestants. 
He was buried in Londonderry Cathedral. There is a 
stained-glass window to his memory in Lancaster Parish 
Church. On the 6th March 1820 he married Mary, 


daughter of Thomas Chippindall of Blackburn, by whom he 
had issue : — 

I. William Higgin, of Rosgarna, Kilroot, co. Antrim, 
a distiller in Belfast, born nth February 1824, 
married Frances, daughter of John Hind of the 
Lodge, Belfast, on i6th May 1855. He died 
15th October 1900 and was buried at Ballycarry. 
He left issue : — 

{a) William Higgin of Malone House, Belfast, distiller, 
born loth Jan. i860 ; married at Holy Trinity 
Church, Nice, France, on 7th April 1897, Elizabeth 
Philadelphia Lochart, daughter of Rev. J. P. 
Macmorland, D.D., M.A. He died s.p. 3rd July 
1905, and was buried at Ballycarry. 

{b) Lucy Chippindall Higgin, born 7th March 1856. 

(c) Wilhelmina Higgin, born 3rd January 1858, was 
engaged in philanthropic work for many years, and 
died at Tonbridge, Kent, i8th September 1911. 

{d) Elizabeth Frances Higgin, born 21st September 1861. 
Qualified as a hospital nurse, and going out to Hong 
Kong, worked as a nurse in the Plague Hospital ; 
catching that disease, she died there 29th April 1898. 

{e) Gertrude Mary Higgin, born 6th February 1865. 

(/) Violette Higgin, born 3rd September 1867. 

[g) Margaret Higgin, born nth December 1870. 

(A) Norah Constance Higgin, born 23rd November 1872, 

married on 14th November 1900 Arthur Corrie Lewin, 

D.S.O. (late Captain 19th Hussars), of Cloghans, 

CO. Mayo, second son of T. F. Lewin, D.L., and has 

issue : — 

(i) Patrick William Lewin, born 31st December 1903. 

(ii) Thomas Chippindall Colquitt Lewin, born 13th 

August 1907. 


2. Thomas Chippindall Higgin, was in business in 

the United States of America, and afterwards 
lived at Killiney Castle, Dublin, after which he 
moved to London, where he died i6th July 1906. 

He married Amanda Alida and had 

issue an only son : — 

{a) Chippindall Holmes Higgin, born 13th October 1872, was 
an officer in the 6th Dragoons, from which regiment 
he was posted to the Lancaster Militia as a Major. 
He married Helena Mabel, youngest daughter of 
Charles John Galloway of Thorney Holme, Knuts- 
ford, CO. Chester. 

3. Walter Higgin, an officer in the army, served in 

the New Zealand war. Died in America s.p. 

4. Sarah Jane Higgin, married the Rev. Thomas 

Walker and left issue. 

5. Isabella Higgin, married the Rev. Arthur Edwards 

and left issue. 

6. Mary Higgin, married the Rev. Mandeville Rodwell, 

Rector of High Laver, co. Essex, and left issue. 

7. Annabella Higgin, married the Rev. William 

Edwards, and left issue. 

V. The fifth son was James Higgin, born 9th September 
1796 ; he entered the Royal Navy, but on the close of the 
Napoleonic wars, left the service and sailed as master from 
the port of Lancaster in a ship belonging to his brother-in- 
law, George Burrow. He died, unmarried, of yellow fever 
as St. Croix in the West Indies, 7th April 1831. 

VI. The sixth son was Edward Higgin, born 4th May 


1800, who was drowned whilst skating on the Lune, 7th 
January 18 14. 

VII. The eldest daughter, Mary Higgin, born 2nd June 
1790, married at Lancaster Parish Church, to John 
Chippindall, J. P., D.L., eldest son of Thomas Chippindall of 
Blackburn, and had issue (see Chippindall pedigree infra). 
There is a stained glass window to the memory of this lady 
in Lancaster Parish Church, erected by her son, Lieutenant- 
General Edward Chippindall, C.B. 

VIII. Letitia Higgin, born nth May 1795, married 
George Burrow of Lancaster, merchant. She died 5th April 
1864 s.p. 

IX. Sarah Higgin, born 7th February 1799, married 
Joseph Pope of Manchester, cotton manufacturer, and left 

Lancaster Parish Church contains several Memorials to 
members of this family, viz. : 

(a) A stained glass window to the memory of Bishop 
Higgin, the subject being 'The miraculous draught of 
fishes,' with this inscription : ' In memory of the Right 
Reverend WilHam Higgin, Dean of Limerick 1844, and 
Bishop of Limerick 1849, translated to Derry and Raphoe 
1853, died July 12th, 1867, in his 74th year.' Erected by 
his widow and children. 

{b) A stained glass window to Mary Chippindall {nee 
Higgin), the subject being ' The Resurrection.' Erected by 
her son, Lieutenant-General Edward Chippindall, C.B. 


(c) Two neat clerestory windows given by William 
Housman Higgin, Q.C. 

(d) A large brass giving the genealogy of the family, which 
reads as below, but this was removed when the new side 
chapel was built : 

' Sacred to the memory of John Higgin of Wood Hey, near Bury, 
gentleman, only son of James Higgin of Tottington, and great-grand- 
son of John Higgin, last of that name of Ethersall House, Marsden, 
Lancashire, 4 years Governor of Lancaster Castle, who died December 
24th, ryS^, aged 48 years, and of Mary his wife, daughter of the 
Rev. Samuel Home, who died August loth, 1786, aged 51 years. 
Also of John Higgin of Greenfield, gentleman, only son of the above, 
50 years Governor of Lancaster Castle, Captain and Adjutant of the 
Lancaster Volunteer Militia in 1798, who died January 12th, 1847, 
aged 85 years.' 


As the Higgin and Chippindall families appear rather inter- 
mingled, from the fact that a brother and sister married 
sister and brother, it will be as well to give the descent of 
these Chippindalls. 

The Chippindall family is an old yeoman family of 
Lancashire ; the first mention which the writer has found 
of it is in 1246, when, at the Assizes, one Dyke de Chippindale 
is surety for the appearance of the defendant. Numerous 
scattered notices of the name appear at intervals down the 
centuries, showing them to have been rooted in the soil as 
yeomen cultivators, and the particular family we have to 


do with here is the one settled at Waddington, near Clitheroe, 
technically in Yorkshire, but geographically part of 
Lancashire. A younger son of this family migrated to 
Blackburn— Robert Chippindall— and marrying there Maria 
Brown, became the father of that Thomas Chippindall, his 
eldest son, frequently mentioned above. This Thomas 
Chippindall, born at Blackburn, and baptized there on 23rd 
November 1753, married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Glover 
of Fallhead, Silkestone, co. York, and had by her a family of 
one son and four daughters, who all grew up ; but we are 
only concerned with the eldest son, John, and his sister Mary. 

I. John Chippindall, J. P., D.L., of Manchester and 
afterwards of Lancaster, a calico printer, whose 
works were at Primrose, near Clitheroe ; born 
22nd February 1784 ; lived at Elm Bank, 
Cheetham Hill, Manchester, from whence he 
moved to Lancaster about 1840. On 28th 
October 1813, he married at Lancaster Parish 
Church, Mary, the daughter of John Higgin, 
Governor of Lancaster Castle. She died 8th 
May 1854. He died 27th November 1872, and 
was buried with his wife at Skerton. They left 
issue : — 

{a) Thomas Chippindall, born 12th October 1815, of whom 

{b) John Chippindall, clerk in Holy Orders, M.A. of 
Worcester College, Oxford ; Vicar of Rochester, co. 
Staffs, 1851, Vicar of Warslow, 1855-63, Rector of 
St. Luke's, Cheetham Hill, Manchester; born 19th 
December 1825 ; died i6th October 1901 ; married, 


ist May 1849 at Bishops Itchington, co. Warwick, 

Eliza, second daughter of Rev. Edward Cokayne Frith, 

M.A. of St. John's College, Oxford, and had issue : 

(i) Rev. John Theodore Chippindall, M.A. of 

University College, Oxford, Rector of St. 

Stephen's, Salford, 1883-7; Vicar of Tut- 

bury. Staffs, 1887-97 '> Vicar of St. Peter's, 

Coventry, 1897-1906 ; Vicar of Holy Trinity, 

Bromley Common, Kent, 1906-7 ; now living 

in Bedford ; born 23rd March 1850 ; married 

Laura Marion, daughter of John William 

Joseph Vecqueray, at Rugby, on 12th August 

1884, and has issue : 

(a) Harold Theodore Chippindall, born at 

Tutbury, 26th January 1892. 
{P) Dorothy Lily Marion Chippindall, born 
at Manchester, 17th August 1885. 
(ii) Edward Cokayne Chippindall, born at Rochester, 
2nd September 1853. Was in the Royal 
Navy, but retired, and died unmarried at 
Roebuck Bay, Austraha, on 22nd May 1886. 
(c) Edward Chippindall, C.B., a Lieutenant-General and 
Colonel of the Yorkshire Regiment ; born 4th October 
1827 ; died, unmarried, 13th September 1902 ; buried 
at Barrow-on-Soar, co. Leicester. 
{d) Rev. William Chippindall, M.A. of Trinity College, 
Cambridge, Vicar of Tilton, Leicestershire; born 
2nd November 1829 ; married Constance Cecilia Mary, 
daughter of Charles Thorold, Esq. (see Thorold, 
Barts. of Lincolnshire), and rehct of Charles Crom- 
well Hockley. They had issue : 

(i) Bertram Thorold Chippindall, a tea-planter in 

Ceylon ; born 2nd June 1877. 
(ii) Rev. William Sidney Chippindall, born ist 
June 1880 ; a curate at St. Phihp's, Bristol, 
(iii) Mary Isabel Chippindall, born 12th May 1886. 


(e) Robert James Chippindall, born 15th March 1832 ; 

living at Bedford. 
(/) Mary Jane Chippindall, born 8th August 1814 ; married 
on 25th April 1845 (as his second wife) George 
Gibson, a merchant of Leeds, and has issue. 

{g) Sarah Chippindall, born gth September 1816 ■ married 
on gth December 1841 the Rev. Thomas Burrow, 
Vicar of Pinner, and had issue. 

(A) Fanny Chippindall, born 19th April 1818 ; died, un- 
married, at Lancaster, 23rd January 1902. 

{i) Agnes Chippindall, born 20th September 1819 ; died, 
unmarried, 19th December 1836. 

(;) Lucy Chippindall, born 29th March 1821 ; died, un- 
married, 5th February 1903. 

2. Mary Chippindall, born 12th December 1792, 
married, on 6th March 1820, the Rev. William 
Higgin, D.D., Bishop of Derry and Raphoe 

{vide supra) . 

Returning now to Thomas Chippindall, the eldest son of 
John Chippindall and the grandson of Thomas Chippindall of 
Blackburn, who was born 12th October 18 15. He married 
his cousin Elizabeth Agnes, second daughter of John Higgin 
of Lancaster, Attorney-at-Law, and by her had the following 
issue : — 

(a) John Chippindall, born 26th December 1841 ; 
in the mercantile marine ; died at Callao, Peru, 

18th October 1874. He married Margaret, 

widow of Thomas, and had issue : 

(i) John Higgin Chippindall of Everton, Liverpool, born 

8th November 1872. 
(ii) Harold Ernest Chippindall of Everton aforesaid, born 

in November 1874. 


(b) Edward Chippindall Chippindall, born i8th 

August 1848 ; emigrated to South Africa, and 
died at Grahamstown, unmarried, on 9th May 

(c) William Harold Chippindall, born 20th March 

1850 ; a Colonel of Royal Engineers ; married 
at Holy Trinity, Selhurst, on 20th April 188 1, 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Captain Thomas 
Arthur John Harrison of the Royal Artillery, 
and has issue : 

(i) Arthur Frazer Chippindall, born at Lancaster, 15th 

February 1882 ; died in India on i6th May 1882. 
(ii) Harold George Chippindall, born at Barrackpore, 
Bengal, 24th December 1884; a Lieutenant in the 
Royal Engineers ; accidentally killed on the railway 
at Gondal, Kathiawar, on loth September 1911. 
(iii) John Eric Chippindall, born at Glasgow, 17th Novem- 
ber 1887 ; is a Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers. 
(iv) Ruth Chippindall, born at Barrackpore, Bengal, 9th 
September 1883; married at St. Peter's, Bedford, 
on 14th March 1906, to Alexander Edmond Knight, 
M.B., of Donaghadee, co. Down, Ireland, and has 
issue : 

(a) Alexander Edmond Knight, born 6th December 

{(i) William Harold Knight, born 25th April 1908. 
(y) Eric Michael Bradshaw Knight, born 24th 
November 1909. 
(v) Dorothy Chippindall, born at New Brompton, Kent, on 
9th October 1890. 

{d) Charles Ernest Chippindall, born i8th Sep- 
tember 1883, died at Ingleton, co. York, 1st 


January 1903 ; married at Lancaster in March 
1886, Sophia Frances, only child of Captain 
Holt of the 2nd West Indian Regiment ; she 
died at Ingleton 7th July 1887, s.p. 

{e) George Herbert Chippindall, a retired Colonel 
of Infantry (The Buffs), now of Morland, co. 
Westmorland, J. P. ; born at Bolton-le-Sands, 
near Lancaster, 26th January 1855, baptized at 
St. Anne's, Lancaster; living in 191 1. 

(/) Susan Agnes Chippindall, born 19th July 1840 ; 
died I2th April 1892 ; buried at Ingleton 

{g) Mary Elizabeth Chippindall, born i6th March 
1845, married at Lancaster Parish Church, nth 
May 1877, Robert Palmer of Kirkby Lonsdale, 
banker, and has issue : 

(i) Herbert Richmond Palmer, born at Lancaster, 20th 
April 1877 ; M.A. and LL.B. of Trinity Hall, Cam- 
bridge ; a resident in Northern Nigeria ; Barrister- 
at-Law of the Middle Temple, 
(ii) Edward Cliippindall Palmer, born ist July 1878. 
(iii) Susan Mary Palmer, born 13th October 1869, married, 
at Kirkby Lonsdale, 26th April 1905, Frank, eldest 
son of Francis Fenwick Pearson of Storrs Hall, co. 
Lancaster, and has issue : 

Violet Susan Pearson, born 21st March 1906. 
Mary Louisa Pearson, born 29th March 1907. 





William George Elm- 
hirst, captain R.N., 
b. 1867. 

Harry Lancelot, major 
Light Oxfordshire In- 
fantry, b. May 1868. 

Bart, of Trelavvne, 
CO. Cornwall, 
and has issue. 

Son and daughter. 




Richard Eustre MarryaP RANcis Richard Bonsey, 
Yerburgh, b. 12 Jan. 1908. b. 27 Aug. 1901. 

). Lincoln (near 
;ton St. Mary's. 
45, at Lincoln. 

Dec. 35 

Jannett, bur. 3 
Cockerington £ 

Yerburgh, b. 10 

Nov. 1900. 
Mary Yerburgh, 
b. 24 Nov. 1893. 

Coll., Iband, b. 
cureb. 1895. 
KiddeuA Yer- 
Ralph Ih Love- 
b. 5 Mi«Jov. 1887. 


The Yerhurgh, Yarhiirgh and Yarborough family, as it is spelt 
in the various Heralds' Visitations, is of great antiquity, 
and can trace, according to the Heralds' College, an authenti- 
cated male succession from the Norman Conquest. At 
that time Eustachius de Yarburgh was Lord of Yarburgh, 
in the county of Lincoln, which manor, together with the 
patronage of the living, still remains vested in his representa- 
tive in the female line, the present Lord Deramore. For 
many centuries various branches of the family of Yarburgh 
have been settled in various parts of Lincolnshire. 

The Rev. G. Streatfield, in his account of the Danes in 
Lincolnshire, gives an interesting account of the name. He 
says : ' Yarborough camp in Croxton, from the fact of 
Roman coins having been found upon the spot, is beheved 
to have been the work of the Imperial legions : like most 
of the fortified hills in the county, it was doubtless occupied 
by successive races and commanders. Its present name, 
however, appears to have been given or at least modified 
by the Danes, who may have been the last to hold this strong 
position, which commands not only an extensive inland tract, 
but also in some measure the waters of the Humber. This 
camp, which gives a name to a county division and a title to 



a peer of the realm, is mentioned in the Hundred Rolls as 
" Jerdeburg" and " Jertheburg." These more ancient forms 
of the name do not indeed prove its derivation from the old 
Norse "jord" to the exclusion of the Anglo-Saxon "eorde," 
but the present pronunciation was clearly established by the 
Danes, for in compound words " jorde " becomes " jardar " 
or " jard " and our Yarborough is almost identical with the 
old Norse " jardborg " an earthwork. 

* It is safe to assume the same origin for Yarborough 
near Louth, which though it occurs in Domesday Book 
*' Gereburg," is found in other early documents as " Yerde- 
bergh " and " Jerdeburgh." 

* Thus then the very names which are most familiar have 
enshrined the romance of local tradition and have handed 
it on to posterity, somewhat in danger of sacrificing the 
poetry of life to material progress. The plough has not yet 
destroyed all these relics of a bygone age : let us be thankful 
that when agriculture has done its worst, the names will still 
survive to tell us something of the past. 

'Such spots, and the names that cling to them, may possess 
charms for few, but for the few the charm is very strong.' 

I conjecture that the founder of the family, if the account 
given in the Heralds' College is correct, was a certain Norman 
Eustachius or Eustar who settled at Yarburgh about the 
time of the Conquest, and was known as Eustachius or 
Eustar de Yarburgh. There are a good many pedigrees of 
the Yerburgh family in existence inter alias : 

Harl. MSS. 1400, fol. 60, begins with Eustachius de 

Harl. MSS. 5874, fol. 37, begins with Euster de Yarborough 


(altered by some one to Eustachius de Yarburgh). 

It is from this pedigree which has been much altered 

that the pedigree of the Bateson-de Yarburghs 

(Lord Deramore) has been compiled. 
Harl. MSS. 1550, fol. 23, begins with Etister Yerborough 

A.D. 1066. 
Harl. MSS. 1484, fol. 35, 13, 39, begins with Eicstre 

Harl. MSS. 1190, fol. 15, begins with Eustachius de 

Yarborough, 1066. 
Harl. MSS. 1555, fol. 90, begins with Eustar Yerburgh, 1066. 

In considering the position of the Yerburgh family in 
Tudor times, we must bear in mind that Lincolnshire was not 
prosperous. Trade was steadily leaving the county, the 
towns were constantly proclaiming themselves ' decayed ' : 
many families were in straitened circumstances, and at that 
time the wage-earning class suffered severely. On the other 
hand villeinage was becoming extinct, and yeomen families 
were increasing their wealth, and even rising to the position 
of gentry. 

The Wars of the Roses had little effect upon the social 
life of the people. Some great lords were slain and beheaded, 
and their estates forfeited, but for the most part these were 
recovered by their heirs. Far different was it with the 
effect of the economic changes of the period upon the fortunes 
of the county families. Of these hardly a family maintained 
its position in the county beyond the middle of the seventeenth 
century, unless it had by marriage or trade added to its 
income. As we look through seventeenth-century wills, we 


find that the county gentlemen though they may possess 
several manors have very little personal property to deal 
with. John Langton of Langton has in 1533 to be content 
to leave 100 marks or 10 marks a year at his sons' option 
to his daughter. John Littlebury of Hagworthingham 
leaves such a sum as ids. a year to his brother for life. 
Charles Yarborough of Yarburgh leaves to three sons ^'j each. 
Then a small manor court was hardly worth holding ; the 
rents of free tenants did not increase ; the villeins, becoming 
free copyholders, are able to renounce service that used to be 
profitable ; and if rents anywhere were higher, landlords with 
encumbered estates could not always take advantage of 
opportunities in the matter of letting or purchasing lands 
or in other ways. 

At the same time expenses and demands largely increased. 
The extravagance of Henry viii.'s court is well known. 
Hitherto the gentry had been content with a rough plenty, 
now new men with money obtained by trade (like the Welbys, 
Custs, Trollopes) brought in a more expensive style of 
living, and were able to indulge in luxuries that before were 
unknown. The cost of living was doubled, and impoverished 
gentry with their demesnes leased had to mortgage or sell 
their estates. How very small were the incomes even of 
gentry of family and position may be seen from examples. 
For instance, Sir William Skipwith's net rental in 1579 from 
six manors, including over ;^50 in land in Yorkshire, was only 
;^2i5, OS. 3d., and yet he had been M.P. for the county and 
High Sheriff twice. 

The decadence of old families is evident, as Canon 
Maddison has pointed out from a comparison of the 1634 


Visitation Pedigrees with those of 1562. (Vide Victoria 
County History, Lincolnshire, vol. ii. p. 321.) 

If you digest these facts, it will enable you to grasp the 
position of our branch of the family at the time from which 
Sir A. S. Scott-Gatty commenced his researches. 

Sir Alfred S. Scott-Gatty, Garter King of Arms, has estab- 
lished our pedigree back to a certain Richard Yarhurgh 
(see Chart pedigree of our branch of the family) of Over 
Tynton, co. Lincoln, who made his will 26th May 1545, 
which was proved at Lincoln, 19th June 1545. He leaves 
amongst other lands his house at Over Tynton, which he 
purchased of Thomas, son and heir of Simon Eve, to his son 
Robert. Among the Fines occurs one dated 15th November 
38 Henry VIII. (1547), which sets forth that Richard Yarborough 
purchased from Thomas Eve one messuage, two gardens, 
thirty acres of land, twenty acres of pasture in Tynton, co. 
Lincoln, for £80. He also leaves by his will to his daughter 
Christian * a house edyfyed or be'alded within ye town of 
Cockerington for life — with remainder to my son Robert.' 

He says : ' I cannot find among the Fines or any of the 
Rolls the purchase by the said Richard of lands in Cockering- 
ton S. Mary, and so I take it he inherited the same : with 
this view I tried to find out who possessed the Court Rolls 
of the Manor of Cockerington, but was told there was no 

' The said Richard appoints his brother, Thomas Yarburgh, 
overseer of his will. 

*As to Robert Yarburgh, son of the above Richard, we 
have him making his will as of Cockerington St. Marie, 9th 


September 1557 (proved 26th October following at Lincoln). 
In it he mentions his sons George and John, both under age, 
his daughters Margaret and Alison, and his wife Dorothy. 

' I take it that George came of age about 1573, for in the 
Fines occurs an entry, dated 15th March 1573, showing that 
one, Phenias Neife, sold to Robert Yarburgh and George, his 
son and heir, sixteen acres of land, one garden, and twenty 
acres of pasture in Over Tynton, co. Lincoln. 

' George Yarburgh, the son of the above Robert, made 
his will as of Covenham St. Bartholomew on 12th of March 
1609, which was proved at Lincoln, 3rd July 1610. He 
mentions therein lands he holds in Covenham aforesaid, 
Skedbrooke, Somercotes, and Cockerington St. Marie. In 
the Fine Rolls above mentioned I have : 

* 1597-9 George Y arbor ough and Richard Brown buy from 
Henry Burgh and Alice, his wife, one messuage, one garden, 
nine acres of land and one acre of pasture in Skedbrook and 
South Somercotes for ;^8o. 

'Again in 1583-5 Henry Edwards and Janetta, his wife, 
sell to George Yarburgh six acres of pasture in Skedbrooke 
for £^0. 

'In his will he mentions his wife, Anne, and his sons, 
George and Robert, and daughters (all married but the last 
named) Margaret, Helen, Anne, Janett and Bridgett. His 
inquisition post mortem is dated at Lincoln, 17th August 
8 Jac. I. (1610), on which it is set forth that he died on the 
13th June 16 10, and held lands in Skedbrooke and Cocker- 
ington, also that his son and heir George was aged eleven in 

*I baptize this son George, i8th November 1598, at 


Cockerington and his younger son Robert [our immediate 
ancestor], 27th February 1602-3 at the same place. 

* I have set forth this pedigree thus far to show how com- 
plete the chain of evidence is that your ancestor, Robert 
Yarburgh of Boston, co. Lincoln, who died 1678, was the 
undoubted descendant of Richard Yarburgh of Over Tynton, 
who died 1545 (see Chart pedigree). 

' All the evidences proving this I possess and feel confident 
that none could gainsay them. 

* A. S. Scott-Gatty, 
' York Herald. 
' College of Arms, 1891.' 

Our descent thus being proved back to Richard Yarburgh 
of Over Tynton, co. Lincoln, who died in 1545, the crucial 
point arises as to who this Richard Yarburgh was, and was he 
a descendant of the old stock of Yarburgh of Yarburgh ? 

A communication from Sir Alfred S. Scott-Gatty clears up 
the point that Richard Yerburgh of Over Tynton was an 
undoubted descendant of the old stock, but from whom he 
was descended is not equally clear. 

' College of Arms, 
' London, E., 4 Oct. 1897. 

* I have up to date succeeded in tracing your pedigree 
back to one Richard Yerburgh of Over Tynton, co. Lincoln, 
who had a brother, Thomas Yerburgh of Alvingham. The 
descent of the family of this Thomas is as below : — 


I I 

Thomas Yerbukgh of Alving- = Richard Yerburgh of Over 

ham. Will dated 5 Nov. I Tynton, co. Lincoln, ob. 1545. 

6 Eliz. , proved 5 April 1565 at | Your ancestor. 
Lincoln. I 

William Yerburgh of Alvingham. = Ellen, sister of Abbott, m. 

Will dated 15 April 1597, proved 
7 Feb. following at Lincoln, buried 
at .Alvingham 1597. 

8 June 1563 at Alvingham, 
buried 15 Nov. 1613. 

Thomas Yarborough of Salsby, = Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
CO. Lincoln. I Dawson of Maren Chappell, co. 


John Yarborough of Panton, co. = Mary, daughter of Edmund Jackson 
Lincoln, gentleman, j^tat 65 anno I of Panton. 

Mary = John Fenn 

I I 

Anne. Mary. 

'In the visitation of co. Lincoln anno 1666 (D. 23 : 2 S* 
Heralds' Coll.) the foregoing pedigree is set forth as far back 
as William Yerburgh of Alvingham, and by wills, etc., I 
have proved the generations above. In the same entry 
the Yarboroughs of Panton are allowed the old Arms 
differenced by an annulet ( @ which is the sign of the 
fifth House) and the crest of the Hawk preying upon the 
Duck. Now all that we get from this is that this branch 
of the family descended from the main stock through a fifth 
son, but whom or at what date the records do not show, 
and I have not yet succeeded in filling up the generations 
back to the junction, etc. 

' A. S. Scott-Gatty, 
' York Herald.' 


The visitation of Lincoln 1532-4 shows as many as fourteen 
generations of the Yerburgh family where only the eldest 
son or one son is mentioned. It is fair to presume that some 
of these fourteen had more than one son, and their other 
sons married and left families, and probably we descend 
from one of them in the fifteenth or early part of the 
sixteenth centuries. The parishes of Alvingham, Cocker- 
ington St. Mary, Cockerington St. Bartholomew, are practi- 
cally adjoining to the parish of Yarburgh. 

I now quote two wills from Mr. Maddison's book of 
Lincolnshire Wills, 1500- 1600, which I think conclusively 
establish the relationship and prove up to the hilt that we 
are cadets of the main stock. The first will that I quote is 
that of William Yarburgh of Alvingham (see Sir A. S. Scott- 
Gatty's pedigree of the Yarburghs of Panton). This William 
Yarburgh was the son of Thomas Yarburgh of Alvingham, 
who was the brother of Richard Yarburgh of Over Tynton, 
who was our ancestor. 

' The Will of William Yarburgh, yeoman of Alvingham, 18 April 
1597. To be buried in the Church. To the Church at Alvingham vs. 
To the Church of Cockerington S. Mary, 2S. 6d. To the Church of 
Yarburgh, 2S. My lands in Alvingham to my wife for life, then to my 
eldest son John Yarburgh for life, then to his eldest son Edward 
Yarburgh, with remainder to his younger son \\' illiam Yarburgh. My 
said son John's daughters, Mary and Ellen Yarburgh my lands in 
Brackenborough, my younger sons Richard, Wilham, and Charles 
Yarburgh, my daughter Margaret Rockcliffe, my son-in-law John 
Yarburgh, my daughter Ann Yarburgh, my brother-in-law Mr. Thomas 
Abbott, and my sister his wife ; Elizabeth wife of my son John 
Yarburgh, Elizabeth wife of my son Thomas Yarburgh, Margaret wife 
of my son Charles Yarburgh, my cousin John Yarburgh. I make my 


wife Ellen executrix, and William Radley Gent of Yarburgh super- 
visor. I leave my lands in Saltfleetby to my son Thomas 

'Prov. 7 Sept. 1597.' 
(In a note Mr. Maddison says, ' There is little doubt the testator 
was an offshoot of the Yarburghs of Yarburgh and Kelstern 
though in the ranks of the Yeomanry.') 

Now I wish to draw particular attention to the fact that 
this William Yarburgh appointed William Radley of Yarburgh 
the supervisor of his will. 

Who was William Radley ? This question I am able to 
answer. He was the son of Tho7?ias Radley by Bridget, 
daughter of Charles Yarborough of Yarborough. He married 
Anne, daughter of William Syoncotes of Louth. His son 
was knighted at Newmarket 1616, and compounded for his 
estate, paying to the Parliament ;Ci8o. The Radleys dis- 
appear after the Commonwealth. Mr. Maddison quotes 
his will, which is very interesting, at full length. He 
probably purchased the Yarburgh property at Yarburgh, 
which, as I shall show hereafter, was re-purchased, circa 1640, 
by Sir Nicholas Yarburgh, the head of the Yorkshire branch 
of the family. 

' The 16th Jany. 48 Jac. i. I, William Radley of Yarburgh in the 
Countie of Lincoln, Esquire, etc. My bodie to be buried in the South 
Quiere of the Church of Yarburgh. To the Church of Yarburgh x s. 
to the repairing thereof. To the Church of Yarborough xx s. To the 
Church of Alvingham x s. To Olive Yarborough my god-daughter v 
marks when married. To my cosen John Yarburgh, my servant, 
xl s. a year for life out of the prebend or parsonage of Caister. To 
Elizabeth daughter of John Yarborough v marks when married. To 
Stephen Yarburgh, my godson, v ms, to put him out an apprentice. 


and another v ms. to Charles Yarburgh, son of my cosen John 
Yarburgh, to put him out an apprentice. And I give to cosen John 
Newcominge in remembrance of my love to him and olde Angell, and 
to Charles Yarburgh of Louth and olde Angell.' 

The ' cosen ' John Yarburgh was probably the eldest son 
of William Yarburgh of Alvingham. 

Before passing on to consider our direct ancestor Robert 
Yerburgh, I here interpolate a further report of Sir A. S. 
Scott-Gatty on our family history. He says : — 

' Since my last report the following sources have been 
examined and extracts made : 

Wills.— Wills P.C.C. 1383-1558 of all Lincolnshire families. 

Kirkstead. — Chartulary of the Abbey of Kirks tead. 

Exchequer. — Exchequer Special Commissions. 

De Banco. — De Banco Rolls Henry vii. to Edward vi. 

Pipe Rolls.— Early Pipe Rolls. 

Domesday. — Domesday, co. Lincoln. 

Oblatio et jinibus. — Rot de oblatio et finibus. 

Pleas Rolls. — Placitorum Abreveciat. 

Hundred Rolls. — Hundred Rolls. 

Exchequer Deps. — Exchequer Depositions. Temp. 

Common Rolls. — Common Rolls. Temp. Elizabeth. 

Common Pleas. — Common Pleas Henry viii. to Elizabeth. 

'The result or outcome of these researches varies very 
much, but from the Kirkstead Chartulary we get a very full 
and perfect pedigree of the early descents of this family, 
from one Gerundus, who must have been anterior to the 
Norman Conquest {vide Appendix A.). 


'Appendix A. — This pedigree is very interesting, setting 
forth a very different descent from the recorded pedigree 
in the College. It ends, as most Chartularies do end, about 
the year 1275. 

'Appendix B. — In this one gets at a glance when the 
branching off from the main stock of Yarburgh of Yarborough 
commenced. Your particular line commenced with one 
Richard Yerburgh of Over Tynton and Cockerington, who 
died 1545. He purchased his lands in Over Tynton in 1541 
of one Thomas Eve, and is no doubt identical with Richard 
Yerburgh, who appears as holding lands in Cockerington 
ann. 1530. Query. Is he also identical with Richard who 
held lands in Edlington 1490 ? If so he was probably son of 
Thomas of Edlington and Cockerington and Whitcall 1455-90, 
who was probably son of William of Yarborough. 

' Mr. Bird who is acting as my agent at the Record Office 
proposes : 

1. To clear up the early descent from 1275 downwards. 

2. To try and affiliate the various outlying men, 1435- 


'As to heading 1. We have found that the original 
Chartulary is in the Bodleian Library at Oxford. 

' Alvingham Priory Chartulary. — I have an epitome of the 
lands held by this priory, and they seem to comprehend 
exactly the places we are most interested in, viz. : Alving- 
ham, Cockerington, Grimolby, Saltfleetly, Summercotes, 
Yarborough, Wythcall. 

' Then again with a view of carrying on the descent, 1275, 


to Eustace, the first man on record in the college, we propose 
searching : the Assize Rolls for Lincoln, the Assize Rolls 
for various counties. Coram Rege Rolls, Conventual Leases. 

' By carrying on these sources sufficiently late we hope to 
be able to clear up the whole descent. 

* I may add that many of these rolls have only lately come 
to light, otherwise no doubt Mr. Hardy would have searched 
them years ago. 

' A. S. Scott-Gatty, 
' York Herald. 
' College of Arms, 
' 17 May 1898.' 


Authorities : Chartulary of Kirkstead Abbey, co. 
Lincoln, de Banco Rolls. Temp. 48 Edward iii. (M. 305). 

1. Gerundus. 


2. Alvericus. 

3. Kettelcroc. 

4. Osbert. 

5. The eldest son of Osbert was Hamelinus de Yerdeburgh, 
Clericus de Yardeburgh, Decanus of same living 1160 and 
1 20 1 -2. Probably identical with Hamelinus Croc or Croch, 
living 1 148. 1 158 he married Mabel, daughter of the Mayor 
of Beverley, co. York, and had issue, of whom hereafter. 

The second son of Osbert was 


The third son of Oshert was Richard Hameline de 
Covenham, who married Hadwysia, and had issue. 

1. AcEUS DE Yardburgh married Nicolaa. 

2. Henry Beck, living 12 17, married Hawisca, and 

had issue. 

3. Nicolaa. 

6. The eldest son of Hamelinus {Brian de Yardehurgh) 
married Constance, and had issue. 

1. Brian de Yedburgh of whom hereafter. 

2. Robert, Chaplain of Yerdburgh. 


4. John. 

5. Geoffrey, married, and had issue John Gee. 

6. Arnold, married, and had issue Hugh. 

7. Matilda. 

8. Helena. 

7. Brian de Yedburgh had issue two sons, John de 
Yerdburgh and Gilbert de Yerburgh. 

8. John de Yerdburgh, living 1240, married, and had 

9. Richard de Yerdburgh, who married, and had 

10. Robert de Yerdburgh, living 1241, who 
married, and had issue. 
II. John de Yerdburgh, living unto 1275. 

8. Gilbert de Yerburgh (the second son of Brian de 
Yedburgh), married, and had issue. 


9. Simon de Yerburgh, living temp. Edward i., who 
married Isabella, daughter of William Frekenach, and had 

10. William de Yerburgh, son and heir, who married 
and had issue. 
II. John de Yerburgh, son and heir, oh. s.p. 

As Sir A. S. Scott-Gatty points out this is a very different 
descent to the Yarburgh pedigree recorded in the Heralds' 
College. That pedigree has always appeared to me to be too 
perfect a piece of work. The use of the name de Yarburgh 
as a family name from the time of the Conquest is most 
suspicious, and it would be interesting to know what Mr. 
J. Horace Round would have to say about this pedigree if 
it was submitted to him. 

I consider the discovery of the pedigree in the Chartulary 
of Kirkstead Abbey to be the most valuable discovery about 
the origin of the Yarburgh family which has yet been made, 
and in my opinion it absolutely accounts for their early 
connection down to the year 1245 with the parish of 
Yarburgh, and we may consider that the early descents 
recorded in the Heralds' College from Eustachius de 
Yarburgh, Lord of Yarburgh, are altogether apochryphal. 

We must bear in mind that the new system of genealogy 


is of comparatively recent growth, and has done much to 
stimulate the movement for honesty and truth in family 
history, and is no longer open to the taunt that genealogy 
consisted either in inventing pedigrees or in repeating without 
question the unsupported statements of Heralds. 

The joyous age of the old genealogy ranged from the days 
of Henry viii. to those of Charles i., and of the pedigrees 
which many families accept as authentic, many were con- 
cocted at that period and duly certified as true by officers 
of the Heralds' College. Burke is the worst offender. 

Mr. Horace Round in his Peerage and Pedigree, vol. ii. p. 5, 
says : — 

' If genealogists are thus impressed by the long association 
between a family and its lands, " the man in the street " on 
the other hand will be most impressed, not by the fact that 
the tenure is so old, but by the news that surnames are not 
of older origin. Many absurdities and much fiction would 
be swept out of family history if only two elementary facts 
were clearly and firmly grasped. The one is that hereditary 
surnames were not introduced in this country till after the 
Norman Conquest, and in most cases long after it : the 
other is that owners of estates derived their surnames from 
them, and did not, as sometimes seems to be imagined, 
give to a locality their own name.' 


Chronological and Topographical Chart 


Yarborough. Cockerington. 




Robert Yerburgh. 

Robert de Yerde- 
BURGH had a grant 
of one-fourth of the 
manor of Cockering- 
ton from Thomas 
Wake, Lord of 
Lydell. (See Appen- 
dix A.) 


William Yerburgh. 

William Yerburgh. 



Richard Yerburgh. 

Richard Yerburgh. 

John Yerburgh. 


William Yerburgh. 

Roger Yerburgh. 
Robert Yerburgh. 
Thomas Yerburgh. 

John Yerburgh. 
Thomas Yerburgh. 

John Yerburgh. 
Thomas Yerburgh. 



Richard Yerburgh. 

John Yerburgh. 
Roger Yerburgh. 
William Yerburgh. 
Robert Yerburgh. 
Richard Yerburgh. 
Thomas Yerburgh. 



Charles Yerburgh. 

Charles Yerburgh. 
Thomas Yerburgh. 
John Yerburgh. 
Richard Yerburgh. 
[N.B. Also of Over 

Roger Yerburgh. 


' N.B. — It is evident from the above chart that the 
Yarboroughs got possessions in Cockerington, 1345-6, and 



the family began to spread out circa 1435, when John 
Yerburgh appears in Wythcall (probably a younger son of 
WilHam Yerburgh of Cockerington and Yarborough) : then 
in 1445 we have a more decisive spread of the family. 
I take it that Thomas of Cockerington, Ediington and 
Wythcall was probably son of John Yerburgh of Wythcall 
and Ediington (1435-55). Roger and Robert of Cocker- 
ington might be sons of Richard of Yarburgh. 

' A. S. Scott-Gatty, 
' York Herald.' 

We now come to a period when our branch of the Yerburgh 
family appears to have migrated from the neighbourhood of 
Louth, Cockerington, Covenham, etc., and to have settled 
at Boston, Frampton and Wyberton. 

I now proceed to give a narrative pedigree of our branch 
of the family, commencing with Richard Yerburgh of 
Cockerington St. Mary, circa 1500-41. 

Pedigree of the Yerburghs of Cockerington St. Mary, 
Covenham, Grimolby, Boston, Wyberton, Framp- 
ton and Sleaford, all in the county of Lincoln. 

I. Richard Yarburgh of Cockerington St. Mary (a 
cadet of the house of Yarburgh) purchased in the year 1541 
lands at Over Tynton (near Horncastle) : will dated 26th 
May : proved 19th June 1545 at Lincoln : and by Margaret, 
his wife, who was living in 1545 he left issue. 

(The brother of this Richard Yarburgh was Thomas 
Yarburgh of Alvingham, who was living in 1545.) {See 
Scott-Gatty's pedigree of Yarburgh of Panton.) 


2. Robert Yarburgh of Cockerington St. Mary afore- 
said (son of Richard Yarburgh), was buried there the 13th of 
December 1593 : will dated nth December 35 Elizabeth : 
proved 22nd March 1593-4 at Lincoln : married Jannett, 
who was buried 30th July 1587 at Cockerington St. Mary, 
and by her left issue. 

(This Robert Yarburgh had a brother, Christian, living 
in I545-) 

3. George Yarburgh of Covenham St. Bartholomew, 
CO. Lincoln (eldest son of Robert Yarburgh), held lands in 
Skedbrooke and Cockerington, and was buried at Covenham 
15th July 1610, having died on the 13th : his will was dated 
I2th March 1609-10 : proved 3rd July 1610 at Lincoln — 
Inq. Post Mortem 17th August 8 James i., taken at Lincoln. 
Married Anne Gentle 15th August 1596 at Cockerington 
St. Leonards, co. Lincoln : she married, secondly, Thomas 
Hardy of Fulstow, co. Lincoln, on nth December 1610, at 
Covenham St. Bartholomew : he left issue, of whom here- 

John Yarburgh of Cockerington St. Mary (brother of 
George Yarburgh), married Frances Willerton, 19th July 
1609, at Cockerington St. Mary : will dated 6th September 
1643, proved 29th June 1644 at Lincoln, and left issue : 

George Yarburgh of Cockerington St. Mary was 
born 1 2th February 1622 : will dated 29th April : 
proved 7th May 1663 at Lincoln. Buried 2nd 
May 1663 at Cockerington St. Mary : married 
Eleanore, by whom he had issue : — 


Robert Yarhurgh of Cockerington St. Mary, aforesaid, 
buried there 29th June 1693. Will dated 21st June, 
proved nth August 1693 at Lincoln. Married Mary 
by whom he had issue two daughters : — 

Anne, baptized nth September 1690 at Cockering- 
ton St. Mary. 
Eleanor e, baptized 21st February 1641-2 at Cocker- 
ington, St. Mary. 

Margaret Yarburgh (sister of George Yarburgh, 

the elder). 
Alison Yarburgh (sister of George Yarburgh, the 

elder) . 

4. George Yarburgh of Grimolby, near Louth (eldest 
son of George Yarburgh No. 3), was aged eleven at the time 
of his father's death anno 16 10, baptized i8th November 
1595 at Cockerington St. Leonards, was of Saltfleetby anno 
1620, and then aged twenty-two. Will dated 20th March 
1631-2 : proved i6th May 1632 at Lincoln. He married 
Prudence, daughter of Richard Browne of Saltfleetby afore- 
said. Marriage licence dated 5th August 1620, then aged 
twenty-two. He left issue : — 

1. George Yarburgh, eldest son, was under age anno 

1 63 1. Under his father's will inherited lands in 
Skedbrooke and South Somercotes. 

2. Thomas Yarburgh of Wibberton, co. Lincoln, 

inherited under his father's will lands in Scup- 
holme. South Somercotes and Cockerington St. 
Leonards. He left his lands in Skedbrooke and 
South Somercotes to his brother Robert. Will 


dated nth June 1678 : proved i6th January 1685 
at Lincoln. Buried 17th November 1686 at 
Wibberton aforesaid. Married Hannah, buried 
29th June 1696 at Wibberton aforesaid : will dated 
24th January 1695-6 : proved 21st August 1696 
at Lincoln. 

Hannah Yarburgh, daughter and co-heiress, bap- 
tized 27 October 1664, at Wibberton ; married (i) 
Barton, (2) Newton. 

Lydia Yarburgh, daughter and co-heiress, baptized 
5 July 1666 at Wibberton aforesaid. 

3. Robert Yarburgh of Wibberton aforesaid, was 

under age anno 1631 : buried 5th April 1690 at 
Wibberton aforesaid : will dated 22nd April 1690 : 
proved at Lincoln. He married Harriott Turner 
1 8th June 1665 at Wibberton aforesaid. He died 
s.p. She married, secondly, John Lincoln on 14th 
September 1690 at Wibberton. 

4. Martyn Yarburgh went to sea. Will dated nth 

May 1657 : proved i8th May 1658 in the 
Prerogation Court of Canterbury. He died s.p. 

5. Mary Yarburgh, wife of Mottram. 

6. Anne Yarburgh, wife of James Johnson. 

7. Elizabeth Yarburgh was living a?ino 163 1. 

4. Robert Yarburgh of Boston (our ancestor, brother of 
George Yarburgh of Grimolby, and son of George Yarburgh 
of Covenham St. Bartholomew) is described as of Boston, 
CO. Lincoln, had lands left to him under his father's will at 
Cockerington St. Mary. He was baptized the 27th of 


February 1602 at Covenham St. Bartholomew : will dated 
the 1 6th of July 1678, proved the 8th of November following. 
He was buried the 24th October 1678 at Boston, and by 
Jane his wife (who was buried 24th July 1677 at Boston) he 
left issue two sons, Thomas Yarburgh of Boston, Surgeon, 
and Robert Yarburgh (from whom we are descended) . 

As regards this Robert Yarburgh of Boston, I think it 
is almost certain that he was the Robert Yarburgh of Boston 
who was one of the Parliamentary Commissioners for 
Lincolnshire in 1650. In 1644 he had been appointed one of 
the commissioners for the demolition of Tattershall Castle, 
and in 1654 he was one of the commissioners on an Act for 
the Assessment of the county at the rate of £120,000 for six 
months for the maintenance of the Army and Navy. He 
held a Commission in the Parliamentary Army, and took an 
active part on behalf of the Commonwealth against the king. 
There are several interesting entries in the Calendars of 
State Papers about this man. 



29 Sept. 1649. Council of State.— Day's proceedings {inter alia).— The Governor 
of Boston and Captain Bryan, formerly appointed to see to the 
demolishing of Tattershall Castle, authorised to summon the county 
to see it being done within a month, Robert Yarborongh of Boston to 
be added to them. 

It is evident that there was some delay in carrying out the 
instructions that had been given in 1644. 
state Papers Couucil of State.— Day's proceedings.— Captain Yerburgh and 

for 1650, Caotain Stow added to the Militia Commissioners for the County 

p. 392, 18 Oct. ^ . 

1650. of Lmcoln. 


(Militia Commissions granted by Council of State) November 1650. p. 512. 
Lincoln H. Troop. Captain of Troop : Captain Robert Yerburgh 
Ref. 44. 

Warrant by the Council of State for payment of money. From state Papery, 
Major-General Harrison. Treasurer at War to Gilbert Talbot ^riA\^\J^- ^^li 
Captain Robert Yarbtirgh, for freight for one Serjeant and thirty soldiers 
of Colonel Wharton's regiment from Boston to Leith, sum £8. 

Council to Humphrey Walcot, Samuel and Richard Cust, and ^^J^//^'^^^^^^ 
Robert Yarborough, Justices of the Peace for the county of Lincoln, p. 395.'nov.' 
We are informed (by the petition of W. Kefftn and two others) that ^^i^i'e^^^n. 
Robert Massy and Thomas and Isroel Case, being desired by some 
members of a Church to meet them at a religious exercise at Gedney 
in Holland, co. Lincoln, on ist October, while going through to 
Holbeach, on the way thither were apprehended by the Constable, 
and brought before justice Hobson. That he tried to engage them to 
leave their meetings, offering them release, but on their refusal issued 
a warrant, of very unusual form, to commit them to Lincoln Gaol. 
These proceedings seem very strange if the said persons were con- 
ducting themselves inoffensively: we desire you to examine the 
truth of the matter, and to make order for their release, if it may be 
done according to law and report. 

Council— Day's proceedings. Order on several examinations by Extracts from 
Samuel Cust, Richard Cust and Robert Yarborotigh, concernmg the sta^e Papers 
imprisonment of Robert Massy and Robert and Isroel Case by Warrant [f/^f^[''^l 
from John Hobson, Justice of the Peace for the county of Lincoln, 
being apprehended on their way to a ReHgious Exercise at Gedney 
Dyke— to advise that Hobson be summoned to answer the objection 
made against them by those he imprisoned. 

Complaints by John Pemlowe, Clerk of Holbeach, Lincoln, to Council p- 398, Oct. 26. 
against John Hobson : 

1. For frequenting alehouses and getting people drunk. 

2. Setting up alehouses by his own authority, without any other 
justices of peace, and licensing persons of ill fame. 

3. Enriching himself by taking fines that should go to the poor of 
the parish. 


4. Binding persons to good behaviour, and not returning the 
recognizances at the Sessions ; taking great sums himself. 

5. Taking unwarrantable Sums on Marriage. 

Reference thereon in Council to Captain Fras, Clinton alias Fiennes, 
Captain W. Thompson Hump. Walcott and Samuel Cust and Richard 
Cust and Robert Yarborough. 

Domestic Couucil— Day's Report.— Thomas Rand, W. Palmer, Robert Yar- 

^''^jln 28^^' borrow, W. Harvey, William Welby, and the Mayor of Lincoln added 
p. 371. ' for the time being to the Commissioners on the Act for the assess- 
ment at the rate of £120,000 by the month for six months, from 25th 
December 1653 to 24th June 1654 towards the maintenance of the 
Army and Navy pubhshed by order 24th November 1653, as if they 
had been named in the aforesaid Act, 

No doubt since I made the search amongst the State Papers 
more of them have been published, and some light might be 
thrown on his subsequent career. 

We have seen that Robert Yarburgh had two sons, Thomas 
Yarburgh of Boston, surgeon, and Robert Yarburgh (our 
ancestor). I am unable to state when he was born, but he 
was buried the 2nd of October 17 17, and by his wife Mary 
had the following children : — 

1. Thomas Yerburgh, baptized loth March 1670-1 at 


2. Robert Yerburgh, buried 4th April 1742 at Boston. 

3. George Yerburgh (our ancestor of whom hereafter) . 

4. John Yerburgh, buried loth December at Boston. 

5. Mary, baptized 24th December at Frampton, co. 

Lincoln, and buried there the same year. 

6. Mary, baptized loth of August 1673, and buried 

the 2nd of December following at Boston. 


7. Anne, baptized 29th June 1675 at Boston. 

8. Thomas, baptized 15th January 1653 at Boston. 

We now pass on to our ancestor George Yerburgh, who was 
the third son of Robert Yerburgh of Boston. He was baptized 
the 24th of September 1674 at Boston, and was buried at 
Frampton 24th March 1734, aged fifty-four MT., will dated 
1733, married Alice, daughter of John Gainsborough of 
Frampton, co. Lincoln, who was baptized there loth of 
August 1680, and married there the 8th of June 1699. 
Married, secondly, Thomas Ponsonby. She died at Frampton 
1 76 1, (bL eighty-two, and by her first husband had issue, 
of whom hereafter. 

In Frampton Church there is a tomb : * In memory of 
George Yerburgh Gent., interred March 1734, aged 59 years.' 
Also one ' In memory of Alice Ponsonby, interred February 
I2th, 1761.' 

It is obvious that when our branch of the family separated 
from the parent stock they did not keep up their original 
position, but became identified for a very considerable period 
with the * yeoman class.' Colonel Moore, F.S.A., in some 
interesting notes on our family history says that the 
' Gainsborough ' were an old and respected family * in 

Now we pass on to the children of George Yerburgh and 
Alice, his wife : they had a large family, many of whom died 
in infancy. 

I. Sarah, baptized at Frampton 26th March 1700, 
and buried there 15th February 1707, est. seven 


2. Mary, baptized at Frampton 5th July 1702, and 

buried there 1st August 1766, (Et. sixty-four years, 
described as spinster of Boston. 

3. Jane, baptized at Frampton 22nd February 1704, 

buried there 31st August 1704, Inft. 

4. Thomas, baptized at Frampton 7th November 1705, 

and buried there 25th November 1705. 

5. John, of whom hereafter. 

6. George, baptized at Frampton 20th December 1708, 

and buried there 2nd February 1755, a bachelor. 
In his will 1751 he mentions his brothers, John, 
Robert, Thomas ; sisters, Mary and Elizabeth 
Crowder ; aunt Frances, his mother, Alice 
Ponsonby, and the children of his cousins Robert 
and Saxton Yerburgh. 

7. Sarah, baptized at Frampton 20th December 1709, 

and buried there 25th April 17 10. Infant. 

8. Robert, baptized at Frampton 15th February 171 1, 

buried there 8th October 1782, (Bt. seventy-four, a 
bachelor; his will 1782 mentions his brother 
Thomas, sister Elizabeth Crowder, widow, Mary 
Crowder, spinster, and his niece Sarah Storr 
and Elizabeth Laurence, his nephew Richard 
Yerburgh, also John and Elizabeth Norre. 

9. Alice, baptized at Frampton 1712, buried there 


10. Jane, baptized at Frampton 17 13, buried there 


11. Saxton, baptized at Frampton 1715, buried there 



12. Thomas, baptized at Frampton 17 17, buried there 


13. Elizabeth, baptized at Frampton 9th May 17 18, 

married at Boston, 9th April 1741, Mr. Thomas 
Crowder, left issue : — 


14. Thomas, baptized at Frampton 14th September 

1721, buried at Boston i8th September 1782, cet. 
sixty-two, s.p.\ his will 1781 mentions his wife 
Elizabeth, Thomas Crowder, Mary Crowder, 
Elizabeth Laurence, Sarah Storr, Robert and 
Richard Yerburgh, John and Elizabeth Moore 
and Mr. Thomas Wright. 

We now come to John Yerburgh (who was the eldest 
surviving son and heir of George Yerburgh). He was of 
Frampton, co. Lincoln, Gent., J. P. Was baptized at 
Frampton 6th January 1707, and was buried there 7th of 
May 1780, cBt. seventy-four years. By will dated February 
1780, he mentions his present wife Elizabeth, a son Richard, 
a daughter Mary and Elizabeth Moore, his brothers Robert 
and Thomas, a sister Elizabeth Crowder, grandchildren 
John and Elizabeth Moore, and his cousins Robert and 
Saxton Yerburgh. He married Mary Coddington, daughter 
of the Rev. Sa?miel Coddington, vicar of Boston. He was 
married at Boston 21st April 1730, and she was buried at 
Frampton 17th June 1767, cBi. sixty-five years. He married 


as his second wife, Elizabeth Cawdron, and by her left no 
issue. She was buried at Holbeach. 

Mr. Maddison says : ' The Cawdrons first appear as gentry 
in 1634, though they have a very decent pedigree back to 
William Cawdron of Heckington who died in 1544, and 
whose daughter married " old Robert Carre " of Sleaford, 
who so enormously developed the wealth of his family and 
who died in 1590, perhaps one of the richest commoners in 
England. No doubt this alliance helped the Cawdrons. 
They intermarried with the Kings of Ashby de-la-Launde, 
and took the side of the Parliament. Robert Cawdron, Esq., 
of Great Hale was indicted for high treason in 1643, for 
having joined with the Parliament against Charles I. Coming 
down to the eighteenth century we find them intermarrying 
with the Dymokes of Scrivelsby in 17 14. Robert Cawdron 
of Great Hale married Jane, daughter and eventual co-heir 
of Sir Charles Dymoke, knight, and his son was Dymoke 
Cawdron, the first husband of Elizabeth Yerburgh. 

This Elizabeth Yerburgh was the second wife of John 
Yerburgh of Frampton, and her maiden name was Pulvertoft. 

In the churchyard at Frampton there is this memorial : — 

' In memory of Mrs. Mary Yerburgh, wife of Mr. John Yerburgh, 
who died 15th June 1767, aged 65. 

' Also of John Yerburgh, Gent., who died May 5, 1780, in the 75th 
year of his age. 

' Also of Mrs. Mary Wells, wife of Mr. Thos. Wells, and daughter 
of John Yerburgh, Gent., who died July 25th, 1795, in the 63rd year 
of her age.' 

(This is a stone tomb and has a marble slab on the top.) 
In Holbeach Church there is a stone on the floor of the 


north aisle with this inscription : * Sacred to the memory of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Yerburgh Rehct of the late Richard Yerburgh, 
Esq. (of Frampton), and formerly of Dymoke Cawdron of 
this place, who died March 30th, 1900, in the 80th year of 
her age.' 

John Yerburgh left issue by Mary his first wife : — 

1. John, baptized at Frampton 8th June 1732, and 

buried there i6th July 1732. 

2. Samuel, baptized at Frampton 13th June 1733, and 

buried there 2nd July 1733. 

3. Mary, baptized at Frampton 30th May 1734, and 

buried there 1796, cet. 63, s.p. She had been 
twice married, first to Barley of Kirton in Holland, 
and next to Thomas Wells of Boston, who survived 

4. Elizabeth, baptized at Frampton 6th January 1738, 

buried there 3rd February 1781, cbL forty- two. 
She married at Frampton, 4th July 1766, Robert 
Moore of Frampton, and left issue John Yerburgh 
Moore and Elizabeth Moore. 

5. Richard Yerburgh, of whom hereafter. 

Richard Yerburgh, J. P., D.L., only surviving son and 
heir of John Yerburgh of Frampton, was baptized at Frampton 
loth April 1742, and was buried there in 1806, (bL sixty- four- 
In his will he mentions his wife Bridget, sons and daughters 
Bridget and Mary, Arnall ; a nephew, John Yerburgh 
Moore ; a niece, Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Robert Swift. He 
married Bridget Arnall, daughter of Thomas Arnall of 


Heckington, co. Lincoln, gentleman, and Bridget, his wife. 
She was baptized at Heckington, and buried at Frampton 
6th February 1823, CBt. seventy-four. She was married at 
Heckington about 1767, and in her will, dated 22nd October 
1 817, she mentions sons John and Richard Yerburgh, 
daughter Bridget Yerburgh and Mary Arnall Sheath, and a 
grand-daughter Elizabeth Yerburgh. The Arnalls were a 
well-known family at Heckington. 

On a marble tablet on the north wall in the inside of the 
church at Frampton with the Yerburgh arms thereon : — 

' In memory of Richard Yerburgh, Esq., who departed this life 
28th June 1806, aged 64 years. 

' Also of Mrs. Bridget Yerburgh, his widow, who died January 29th, 
1823, aged 75 years.' 

Also on another tablet : 

' Sacred to the memory of Bridget Yerburgh, the eldest daughter 
of Richard and Bridget Yerburgh, who departed this life deeply 
lamented, 22nd May 1831.' 

Richard Yerburgh, left issue : 

1. Bridget, baptized at Frampton 27th March 1768, 

and buried there 31st May 1831, cet. sixty-three. 
A spinster. No will. 

2. Mary Arnall, baptized at Frampton 1769, married 

at St. James Church, London, 29th May 1813, to 
the Rev. Marlyn Sheath, rector of Wyberton. 

3. John Yerburgh, of whom hereafter. 

4. Richard Yerburgh, of whom hereafter. 

John Yerburgh, J. P., D.L., the eldest son and heir of 
Richard Yerburgh of Frampton, co. Lincoln, was baptized 


at Frampton i6th May 1773, and was there buried 22nd 
May 1829, (Bt. fifty-six. He left no will. He married 
Elizabeth Belts, daughter of John Belts of Boston. They were 
married at Boston. She married a second time in 1831 a 
Mr. John Brooks. 

In the inside of Crampton Church there is a mural tablet, 
bearing the inscription : — 

' Sacred to the memory of John Yerburgh, Esq., who departed this 
hfe 15 May 1829. 

The sweet remembrance of the just 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust, 

' Also of Elizabeth his wife who died 24th Oct. 1836.' 

John Yerburgh left issue two daughters, of whom here- 

I. Elizabeth, baptized at Frampton, married at 
Sleaford, 3rd September 1829, to William Elmhirsf 
of West Ashby, co. Lincoln, and died 30th April 
1859 : and had issue : — 

William Augustus, Captain 9th Foot, died unmarried 

John Yerburgh, died abroad. 

Harry, late a Major in the 53rd Regiment. 

Elizabeth Jane, married, in 1864, Edmund Ruck-Keene of 
Swyncombe House, co. Oxford, J. P., D.L., Major 
2nd Dragoon Guards, and Colonel Oxfordshire 
Hussars. She died December 1875, leaving issue : 

1. Charles Edmund, now of Swyncombe. 

2. William George Elmhirst, Captain in the R.N. 

3. Harry Lancelot, Major Light Oxfordshire 



Charlotte Mary married, 1869, Gustavus Lamhart Basset, 
J. P., D.L., of Tehidy, co, Cornwall (last male repre- 
sentative of the Baronial House of Basset). She 
died 1898, leaving issue an only son : — 
Arthur Francis, J. P., D.L., now of Tehidy, married 
Rebecca Harriet Buller, daughter of Sir S. 
Trelawney, Bart., of Trewlane, co. Cornwall, 
and has issue a son and a daughter. 

2. Charlotte Mary, baptized at Frampton 1705, 
married there, loth October 1826, to Henry 
Alington of Louth, born 1800, who had assumed, 
in compliance with the will of his kinsman Mrs. 
Sarah Rowe (the descendant of Hugh Alington of 
Swinhope), the name of Pye : she died in 1847, 
leaving issue an only daughter. He married, 
secondly, in 1854, Lady Albinia Frances Hobart, 
eldest daughter of Augustus Edward, 6th Earl of 
Buckingham, and by his first wife he left issue : 

Charlotte Alington (better known by her nom de plume 
of Claribel), who married the Rev. Charles Cary 
Barnard, Rector of Brockelsby. She died without 
issue in 1869. (He was a first cousin of the Earl 
of Yarborough.) 

These two daughters Elizabeth and Charlotte Mary suc- 
ceeded to the Frampton property as co-heiresses, and it 
was sold. 

Richard Yerburgh (the second son of John Yerburgh) 
was baptized at Frampton 7th December 1774 ; was of 
Pembroke College, Cambridge ; M.A. 1800, D.D. 1815 ; 
was for forty years Vicar of Sleaford and Rector of Tothill, 


both in the county of Lincoln : married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Eardley Norton of Little Stanmore, 9th October 181 1. 
(There are some very interesting memorials to the Norton 
family in Whitchurch, which is the parish church of Little 
Stanmore.) He died, and was buried near the altar in Slea- 
ford Church in 1851, cBt. seventy-seven years. He was a 
good antiquary and the author of the History of Sleaford, 
and a man of mark in the district. There is a window 
erected to his memory in Sleaford Church ; the tiling of the 
sanctuary was also laid in his memory. The Yerburgh arms 
appear in Sleaford Church. After his death his wife came 
to reside at Southwold, Suffolk, and died there, and was 
buried in the churchyard anno 1865. 

I am not able to give any full or detailed account of the 
Norton family. I have a childhood's recollection of our 
grandmother when she lived at Southwold, and she always 
appeared to me to be a most sweet, amiable, and highly 
accomplished old lady. She was one of four children. Her 
eldest brother was 

Sir John Norton, who was Chief-Justice of Madras, and 
married a daughter of General Bruce : by her left issue : — 

The Rev. Eardley Norton, Vicar of Walberswick and 
Blythburgh, co. Suffolk, and at the Manor House, Southwold, 
and married, 14th December 1815, Frances Mary, eldest 
daughter of Sir Charles Blois, Bart., of Cockfield Hall, 
Suffolk, and had issue : 

Maria Norton, married Colonel Rochfort of the loth 
Hussars (who was a member of the Belvedere family) , They 
resided for many years at Nuneham and afterwards at 



Windsor. She survived her husband many years and left 
no issue. 

Richard Yerburgh left issue : — 

Richard, of whom hereafter. 

Mary, baptized at Little Stanmore 8th May 1818. 
She lived at South wold for many years, and died, 
and was buried there in 1890. 

Elizabeth, baptized at Little Stanmore 25th April 
1 82 1. She married, in 1866, Thomas Dolby Steel of 
Lincoln : he died at Vevey in Switzerland, in 1888, 
leaving no issue. 

Isabel Arnall, baptized at Little Stanmore i8th 
January 1824. Buried at Sleaford, on the north side 
of the altar, 3rd June 1824. There is a memorial 
to her in the church. 

Lucy Coddington, baptized at Little Stanmore, 
Middlesex, 14th March 1825, married, in 1847, at 
Sleaford to the Rev. Henry Ashington, Rector of 
South Kyme and Brauncewell, leaving issue an only 

Lucy Yerburgh Ashington. 

Richard Yerburgh (only son of Richard Yerburgh 
above named) was baptized at Little Stanmore 5th May 1817 ; 
was educated at Harrow and Christ's College, Cambridge ; 
B.A. 1840 ; was clerk in Holy Orders, and was for many 
years Vicar of Sleaford, and was for four years Rector of 
High Bickington, North Devon. He married in 1846 Susan, 


youngest daughter of John Higgin of Greenfield and Wen- 
ning Cottage. She died 4th January 1861, and was buried 
in the cemetery at Sleaford : he died at High Bickington 
29th August 1836, aged sixty-nine. There are several 
memorials in different places. 

In High Bickington churchyard there is a large granite 
cross, bearing the inscription, * In loving memory of Richard 
Yerburgh, Rector of this Parish, died Aug. 29, 1886, aged 
69 years. " Waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus 
Christ." ' 

There is a stained-glass window in High Bickington 
Church, erected by his daughters by his second marriage : 
Mabel Stanley and Annie Constance Yerburgh. 

There is a beautiful stained-glass window erected by his 
son Oswald Pryor Wardell-Yerburgh in the chapel of the 
Bede House of Carr's Hospital, to his memory. This window 
contains the arms of the Yerburghs. There is also a very 
large and magnificent window in the North Transept of 
Sleaford Church, erected by Robert Armstrong Yerburgh in 
memory of his father and grandfather. 

I have asked our sister Edith if she would give me a few 
of her childhood's recollections of our dear mother. She 
says : * She was very beautiful, tall, fair, and very 
distinguished looking, but her chief charm was her sweetness 
and gentleness. She was so loving and sympathetic, she was 
a very strong character, was a true friend to all with whom 
she was brought in contact, whether they were rich or poor. 
She had a great sense of humour, and was most generous 
and unselfish. She was a devoted wife and mother, and this 


devotion cost her her Hfe. She nursed Rachel and Robert 
in diphtheria : Rachel died, and this I think really killed our 
mother, for she never recovered the shock, and died from 
the results of the dreadful disease after three weeks' illness. 
When she was dying she sent for me to say good-bye to 
her, and said, " Edie, take care of your dear father for me, 
and be a mother to your little brothers and sisters." Her 
last words were " Jesus is precious." Our dear mother was 
truly a ." saint of God." As children she taught us to read 
our Bibles, and every night she used to come and talk to me 
about the Bible and the love of God, and she taught me to 
go and read to the poor in their homes. 

' I can remember her going into her dressing-room every 
day to pray, and quietly saying to me as she shut the door, 
** Edie, I must be alone." 

* Our dear mother had a wonderfully beautiful and 
sympathetic voice. 

* It was very remarkable the way in which people of all 
classes came to her when they were in any trouble or grief : 
no doubt the explanation was that she was full of love and 
sympathy and lived so close to God.' 

The grief amongst all classes in Sleaford when she died 
was very great. 

The following are some extracts from a funeral sermon, 
which was preached in Sleaford Church on the occasion of 
her death, by Canon Horatio Spurrier of Oriel College, 
Oxford, and then curate of Sleaford : 

' " Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth." 
O my dear brethren, with what thrilling emotion am I led to apply 
the words of my text to her whom death has just snatched abruptly 


away from us. With what bitter grief do I contemplate our heavy 
loss. For remember how we all esteemed her. How endearing was 
her gentle presence ! How amiable and delicate her behaviour amongst 
us ! But oh that word " departed " ! Gone ! Alas she is now with 
us no more ! Yet how can we realise that sad and awful event which 
stole her from our grasp ? Our circle is broken, our hearts are rent 
with sorrow, for she whom we loved has taken her last farewell ! 
Behold her place in the house of God : you shall look in vain for her 
there ! No more shall her prayers ascend with your prayers to the 
throne of the Saviour whom she loved ! No more shall the " cup of 
blessing which we bless " be given to her, for she is gone to drink it 
new in her Father's kingdom. Shall that sweet presence, then, be seen 
no more in our streets ? Shall her desolate home know her not again 
for ever ? Is she utterly gone, and will she never return to live and 
move and sympathise with us again ? Oh, no, as the fresh rose of 
summer shrivelled before the scorching blast, she is cut down in the 
very midst of her days of sweetness. Friends and acquaintances : 
rich and poor, one with another : all have wept because of her, for a 
pure, a sincere, a faithful friend has received the final call from heaven, 
and we are left to mourn. 

' But " blessed are the dead which die in the Lord," blessed is 
she for whom we now make lamentation. And how did it come to 
pass, that in death she was accounted blessed ? Let us inquire, for 
one good example is better than a thousand excellent precepts. As a 
loving devoted wife, a tender and indulgent mother, an affectionate 
and sympathising friend, she enjoyed the love and esteem of all who 
knew her. But there was one great moving principle in her soul, 
and that was also the most graceful ornament of her life. She had by 
God's mercy and goodness been called at a very early age to be a 
humble and devout follower of her Saviour, and accordingly her natural 
sweetness and amiability of character were adorned with every 
Christian grace and virtue. One might well understand how unselfish- 
ness and universal love should be the predominant virtues of one who 
had drunk deeply of the Fountain of Eternal Love. In these most 
significant but simple words she described her first recollections of the 
working of the Divine power in her soul. " I was a believer by God's 


love, not by His threatening. I love Him because He first loved me," 
and she said : " Master, I will follow whithersoever thou goest." It 
was love which made her a believer, love which kept her a believer,and 
love by which she glorified God most. The principle was a divine and 
a living working principle within her : it grew and increased through 
life, and in death it appeared pure and untarnished, Hke the great 
Fountain whence it originally sprung. And as she loved her Saviour, 
she was a diligent reader of that Book, every page of which proclaims 
Him first. Him last, Him chief. She loved His Book : she loved his 
ordinances: she loved his Name and House. And thus by tracing 
her spiritual hfe we are now enabled to understand God's dealings 
with her during the last six months. We can see in the loss of one 
child, and the protracted and dangerous illness of another, the com- 
pelling, guiding discipline, which brought about that calm resignation, 
patient hope, and firm, unwavering trust in Christ her Saviour that 
marked the close of her earthly pilgrimage. 

' When the symptoms of that mysterious disease which robbed us 
of her precious life grew more and more alarming, the patient sufferer, 
whose soul was ever " panting after God," desired to receive for the 
last time on earth the Sacrament of the " Body and Blood of Christ." 
It was a holy and solemn sight. Never will they who witnessed it 
forget the sweet countenance of that afflicted one, as it then appeared 
beaming with holy love, and most serene and heavenly composure. 
She could with difficulty speak in a whisper, and how holy were her 
words, ' ' J esus alone : J esus is precious. ' ' Had an unbeliever witnessed 
that scene, he would by God's grace have turned away a believer. 
Truly there is a reahty in religion, which nothing else on earth can boast. 

' For two days and three nights after this did the terrible struggle 
continue, but far on in the last night was the journey from death unto 
life completed, and it was said " She rests from her labours." O ye 
who fear death . . . draw near and behold this last scene of that 
faithful Christian's conflict and learn, learn to die. Though long and 
painful had been the suffering, no murmur escaped her lips. She had 
the same unruffled composure, a more intense enjoyment of God's 
Word, and a heavenly bliss and rapture at the near prospect of the 
Eternal World. O death, where was thy sting, when our beloved 


sister's soul was on the point of departing ? Where was thy power 
when Jesus opened the windows of heaven, and said, " Come, thou 
blessed one, come " ? Where was thy last grasp of torture, when 
angels crowded round the bed of suffering and whispered " Sister spirit, 
come away." So gently, so calmly, so triumphantly passed away to 
glory, and " pleasures for evermore," the soul of one whom we could 
least spare, but whom God saw ripest for His adorable Presence. She 
rests from her labours. Yes, beloved ; the toils and cares, the hopes 
and fears, the joys and sorrows of earth to her are all ended. The 
deadly struggle against sin, the constantly recurring self-reproach at 
each successive fall, the prayerful resolution to amend : the temptation, 
failure, remorse and renewed conflict, are over now ; and in heaven 
hard by the throne of God and of the Lamb she is presenting her 
blissful worship, and is united for evermore to her two cherished Httle 
ones, who indeed were not " lost but gone before," and her works do 
follow her. Yes, brethren, " the righteous live for evermore " ; the 
first death cannot destroy them, and the second death hath no 
dominion over them, as they lave their peaceful souls in the great 
calm of eternal and satisfying bhss of their Redeemer's presence. And 
their memory never dies on earth : children's children bless their good 
name, and their prayers are answered even to the years of many 
generations. And not to children and friends alone does this blessing 
descend. Like the city set upon a hill, the good example is seen from 
afar. " It is a living epistle known and read of all men." ' 

Richard Yerburgh left issue by his first wife : 

I. Richard Eustre Yerburgh, born 25th February 
1847. Commander of the Bath (Civil) ; late 
Principal Clerk Exchequer and Audit Depart- 
ment. He married, 20th April 1876, Emma, elder 
daughter of Naunton H. Vertue of Richmond, and 
by her had issue : — 
{a) Richard Eustre Vertue Yerburgh, born 8th December 
1879. He is now residing near Calgary in Canada. 


He married, the ist December 1906, Gladys Aileen, 
fourth daughter of Colonel E. L. Marryat, late Royal 
Engineers, of Alberta, Canada, and by her has issue : 

Richard Eustre Marryat Yerburgh, born 12th 
January 1908. 
She died January 1912. 
{b) Ethel Lennox Vertue Yerburgh, born 22nd March 1877, 
married, ist November 1898, Frederick Thwaites 
Lund, late Lieutenant-Colonel 9th Lancers, and has 
issue : 

Esther Florence Ethel Lund, born 5th August 1899. 

2. John Eardley Yerburgh, born 8th of January 

1850, of Wavendon Lodge, Wavendon, Bucks, 

Civil Engineer : married at Roby, near Liverpool, 

8th August 1878, Annie, only daughter of Joseph 

Royden of High Carrs, brother of Sir Thomas 

Royden, Bart., for many years one of the Members 

of Parliament for Liverpool : and by his wife, 

Annie, has issue four daughters : 

{a) Annie Royden Yerburgh, born 2nd July 1879, married 

at St. Paul's Knightsbridge, 27th of April 1905, 

Granville, eldest son of Frederick Lincoln Bevan of 

Chipstead Place, Kent, and has issue : 

Frederick Eardley Yerburgh Bevan, born 2nd March 
(6) Ethel Mary Yerburgh, born loth of November 1880, 
married, nth June 1907, Alexander John Lainson, 
D.S.O., Captain in the 6oth Rifles, only son of Arthur 
Lainson of Horringer House, Bury St. Edmunds, 

(c) Dorothea Gertrude Yerburgh, born 23rd August 1882. 

[d) Olive Shirley, born 29th October 1884, married 14th 

July 1908, Edward Manuel, second son of Richard 
Blarney Magor of Ingatestone, Essex, and has issue. 


3. Robert Armstrong Yerburgh, born 17th January 

1853, M.P., of University College, Oxford, J. P. 
and D.L. for Lancashire, J. P. for Kirkcudbright : 
was M.P. for Chester 1886-1906 and again 191 1. 
Is of Woodfold Park, Lancashire, and of Bar- 
whillanty, Kirkcudbright, and Freeby, Leicester- 
shire : married, the 8th May 1888, Elma Amy, 
only child of Robert Daniel Thwaites, J. P., D.L., 
and sometime M.P. for Blackburn, and by her 
has issue : 

(a) Robert Daniel Thwaites Yerburgh, born loth December 
1889 : now of University College, Oxford. 

{b) Richard Guy Cecil Yerburgh, born 5th November 1892, 
now of Magdalene College, Cambridge. 

4. Edmund Rochfort Yerburgh, born 27th of March 

1854 : died 14th of July 1854 : buried at Sleaford. 

5. Edmund Rochfort Yerburgh, B.A. of Magdalene 

College, Cambridge, Clerk in Holy Orders, for 
ten years Rector of High Bickington, North 
Devon, and now Rector of Wrentham, Suffolk. 
Born 20th June 1855. Married the 17th of Janu- 
ary 1890, Constance, second daughter of John 
Thwaites, J.P., D.L., of Troy Witton, Lancashire, 
and by her has issue : — 

(fl) Richard Edmund Rochfort Yerburgh, born 4th September 
1891, now of Magdalene College, Cambridge. 

{b) Oswald Rochfort Yerburgh, born loth November 1900. 

(c) Mary Yerburgh, born 24th November 1893. 

6. Harry Beauchamp Yerburgh, born 25th October 

1856, married, in 1880, Sophie, daughter of 


William Sewell of The Warren, Loughton, Essex, 
died in November 1897, and by her had issue : 

{a) William Higgin Beauchamp Yerburgh, born 1882, 
Clerk in Holy Orders, M.P. of New College, Oxford : 
curate of Kidderminster. 

(6) Ralph Richmond Yerburgh, a civil engineer, born 5th 
March 1886. 

(c) Madeline Edith Yerburgh, born 27th January 1883. 

{d) Osyth Mary Yerburgh, born 12th August 1884. 

He married, secondly, in 1899, at St. Peter's, 
Eaton Square, A7ny Beatrice, only daughter of 
the late Lieutenant-General Archibald Harenc, 
late colonel commanding 52nd Regiment, and 
had issue : 

Vere Archibald Harenc Yerburgh, born 24th February 
1890, died 8th August 1901. 

7. Oswald Pryor Yerburgh, M.A. of Trinity College, 
Dublin, Clerk in Holy Orders, assumed by 
Royal Licence in 1889 the additional name of 
Wardell : is Vicar of Tewkesbury Abbey, Hon. 
Canon of Gloucester. Born 23rd February 1858 : 
married Edith Wardell-Potts, only surviving child 
and sole heir of Arthur Potts, J. P., of Hoole Hall, 
Chester : he was married at St. Peter's, Eaton 
Square, 21st January 1889, and has issue : 

(fl) Arthur Wardell-Yerburgh, born 13th July 1891. 

Lieutenant in Royal Navy. 
(6) Geoffrey Basset Wardell-Yerburgh, born 28th September 

(c) Hilda Wardell-Yerburgh, born 5th December 1890. 


8. Susan Edith Yerburgh, born 27th October 1848 : 
married in 1872 the Rev. William Bonsey, M.A., 
of St. John's College, Cambridge, Vicar of 
Lancaster, Hon. Canon of Manchester and Arch- 
deacon of Lancaster. He died 13th January 
1909, and was buried at Lancaster. There is a 
mural tablet in Lancaster to his memory. And 
has issue : — 

{a) William Henry Bonsey, Clerk in Holy Orders, M.A. 
of St. John's College, Cambridge, Rector of More- 
cambe. Married, in 1909, Ernine, daughter of Sidney 
Learmouth Gilchrist of Princes Gardens, London, 
S.W., and has issue : 
A daughter. 
{b) Richard Yerburgh Bonsey, Clerk in Holy Orders, M.A. 
St. John's College, Cambridge, rowed for Cambridge 
in the Boat at Putney, Vicar of Trull, Somerset. 
Born 15th March 1874, married 7th of June 1899, 
Gertrude Mary, daughter of Thomas Waller Burrell 
of Elmhurst, Fareham, Hants, and has issue : — 
(j) Francis Richard Bonsey, born 27th August 1901. 
(ii) Harold Thomas Yerburgh Bonsey, born 17th 

January 1906. 
(iii) Mary Ruth Bonsey, born 17th April 1904. 
(iv) Constance Violet Mary Bonsey, born 25th March 
(c) Arthur Edmund Bonsey, late a Lieutenant in the Light 
Border Horse in South Africa : born 30th August 
1876, married, 8th October 1903, Katherine, daughter 
of Lionel Powell of Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, 
and has issue : 
(i) Nigel Arthur Philip Bonsey, born 17th April 1905. 
(ii) A son. 


(d) Harold Robert Yerburgh Bonsey, Barrister-at-Law, born 
27th November 1877, married, 29th June 1904, 
Henrietta Mary, only daughter of H. Hobson Finch 
of Goffs Hill, Crawley, Sussex, and has issue : 

1. Robert Harold Bonsey, born 9th May 1908. 

2. Edith Mary Bonsey, born 31st August 1906. 

{e) Edward Bruce Bonsey, born 30th September 1881, 

died 2nd December 1908, and was buried in Lancaster 

(/) Francis Rochfort Yerburgh, Clerk in Holy Orders, curate 

of Northaw, Herts, B.A. Hertford College, Oxford, 

born 27th May 1883. 
(g) Hugh Richmond Bonsey, B.A. of University College, 

Oxford, born 21st August 1885. 
[h) Mary Grace Bonsey, born 21st March 1879. 

9. Rachel Elizabeth Yerburgh, born 27th March 

1852, died 9th October 1859, and was buried at 
South wold. 

10. Mary Florence Yerburgh, born 27th March 

1854, died 9th October 1859, and was buried at 
South wold. 

11. Lucy Isabel Yerburgh (twin with Oswald Pryor 

Yerburgh), born 23rd February 1858 : married, 
2nd July 1885, Walter Loveband, Clerk in Holy 
Orders, M.A. of Caius College, Cambridge. 
Vicar of Ifield, Sussex, and a Rural Dean : has 
issue : 

{a) Walter Beauchamp Loveband, Caius College, Cambridge, 
Clerk in Holy Orders, born 5th November 1886. 

(&) Francis Yerburgh Loveband, B.A. Caius College, Cam- 
bridge, born i6th January 1889. 


(c) Rochfori Yerburgh Lovehand, Lieutenant in the Royal 

Navy, born 15th June 1890. 

(d) Guy Yerburgh Lovehand, undergraduate of Jesus 

College, Cambridge. 

(e) John Gerald Yerburgh Loveband, midshipman in the 

Royal Navy, born 27th February 1895. 
(/) Elma Yerburgh Loveband, born 21st November 1887. 

12. Charlotte Elizabeth Yerburgh, born 19th of 
July 1859, died 22nd December i860, and was 
buried in Sleaford cemetery. 

Richard Yerburgh, married, secondly, 19th May 1863, 
Anne, daughter of the late Charles Kirk of Sleaford, who died 
in 1880, and was buried at Sleaford, and by her had issue : 

(a) Annie Constance, born in 1864. She died unmarried at 

Hampstead, March 1907. 
{b) Mabel Stanley, born 1866. She married at St. Paul's 

Knightsbridge, Edward James Morton, J. P., D.L., 

of Wolverley, Worcestershire. (High Sheriff for the 

county, 1906.) 

Richard Yerburgh married, thirdly, in 1882, Ellen, 
daughter of Charles Rogers of Sleaford, and by her who 
survived him left no issue : she died in 1892, and was buried 
at High Bickington, North Devon. 

There is an interesting note about the name of Thwaites 
in Denton's Account of the Most Considerable Families and 
Estates in the County of Cumberland, circa 1602 : 

' Thence along down the river of Dudden stands the Manor of 
Thwaites, between the River and the Mountains, now the ancient 
seat of Joseph Thwaites of Ulnerigg, Esq., and the place being a stony, 


mountainous country is not everywhere altogether fit for tillage, 
meadow and pasture. But in several parts and places as they are 
marked by nature differing in form and quality of soil or otherwise by 
the inhabitants inclosed from the barren wastes of the fells, such 
pieces of land are now and were of old called Thwaites in most places 
of the shire, some with addition of their quality as Brackenthwaite of 
fearns, Sivithwaite of rushes, Stonythwaite of stones, Brenthwaite 
of its steepness, Brunthwaite of burning with the sun, Redthwaite of 
the colour of the soil, Overthwaite of higher lying, Moorthwaite of the 
heath, Sourthwaite of the wet soil, Langthwaite of the form of lying, 
Micklethwaite of the quantity, and diverse others. 

' This manor being an antient fee holden of the Lord of Milium 
for a dowry by Ellen, the wife of John Boyvill and Michael de Corney 
passed by fine levied 35 Henry iii. of lands in Thwaites and John 
Huddleston impleaded William, the son of John Thwaites, for 200 acres 
of pasture there An. Edw. ist. 

' The gentlemen of this family do bear for their arms a cross argent 
fretty in gules on a field . . , which seems to be derived from the 
Huddleston coat, of whom they hold the Manor of Thwaites.' 

I know the Lancashire family of Thwaites originally 
came from Cumberland, but I do not think they make any 
claim to be descended from the ancient family of Thwaites 
of Thwaites. 

Various Inscriptions to members of the Yerburgh family 
at Frampton, Sleaford, Wyberton, High Bickington, 
Southwold, and elsewhere. 

On a marble tablet on the north wall inside the church 
with the Yerburgh arms thereon :— 

' In memory of Richard Yerburgh, Esq., who departed this life 


June 28th, 1806, aged 64 years. Also of Mrs. Bridget Yerburgh, his 
widow, who died January 29th, 1823, aged 75 years.' 

On a marble tablet on north wall inside church : 

' Sacred to the memory of Bridget Yerburgh, the eldest daughter 
of Richard and Bridget Yerburgh, who departed this Ufe deeply 
lamented 22nd May 1831.' 

On a marble tablet on north wall inside church : 
' Sacred to the memory of John Yerburgh, Esq., who departed this 
hfe 15th May 1829. 

" The sweet remembrance of the just 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust." 

' Also of EHzabeth, his wife, who died 24th October 1836.' 

In the churchyard on a stone tomb with a marble slab on 
the top : 

' In memory of Mrs. Mary Yerburgh, wife of John Yerburgh, Esq., 
who died 15th June 1767, aged 65. 

' Also of John Yerburgh, Gent., who died May 5th, 1780, in the 
75th year of his age. 

' Also of Mrs. Mary Wells, wife of Mr. Thomas Wells, and daughter 
of John Yerburgh, Gent., who died July 25th, 1795, in the 63rd year 
of her age.' 

* Close by the aforesaid tombstones are six rather hand- 
some old gravestones, evidently of near relatives of the above 
persons : they are all as well as the tombs nearly obliterated 
by time, and want the names and dates recutting. This 
might be done at a trifling cost, as they stand, without 
removing them for recutting. There are some verses on 
some of the gravestones, but as they are almost illegible, 
I have not copied them as they are unimportant.' 


Inscriptions on gravestones (taken in regular order) as 
far as legible : 

' In memory of John Gainsbergh who was interred Aug. 22 a.d. 
1699 in 63 year of his age.' 

' Here lyeth the body of Sarah, the wife of John Gainsbergh, who 
departed this Hfe January 29th, a.d. 1706, in the 56th year of her age.' 

' In memory of Ahce Ponsonby interred February 12th, 1761, aged 

' In memory of George Yerburgh, Gent., interred March 24th, 1734, 
aged 59 years.' 

' In memory of George Yerburgh who died January 30th, 1755, 
aged 47 years.' 

' In memory of Mary Yerburgh interred August i, 1766, aged 
66 years.' 

[For the above information I am indebted to Colonel 
Moore, F.S.A., of Frampton Hall.] 

In Holbeach Church there is a stone in the floor of the 
north aisle with this Inscription : 

' Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Elizabeth Yarburgh, Relict of the 
late Richard Yarburgh, Esq., of Frampton, and formerly rehct of 
Dymoke Cawdron of this place, who died March 30th, 1800, in the 
8oth year of her age. 

' Also Sarah, the wife of John Phipps, Esq., daughter of the above 
Mrs. Yarburgh, who died May i6th, 1802, aged 56 years.' 

In Wyberton Church on the south wall of the Sanctuary : 

' Sacred to the memory of Abraham Sheath, Esq., who died April 
14th, A.D. 1816, aged 75 years : also Mrs. Martha Sheath, his relict, 
who departed this life March 29th, a.d. 1824, aged 71. Both of them 
deeply lamented by affectionate relatives.' 

On south wall of the Sanctuary : 

' Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Martin Sheath, M.A., late rector 
of this parish, died April 4, 1859, in the 85th year of his age.' 


On the north wall opposite : 

' Sacred to the memory of Catherine, wife of the Rev. Martin 
Sheath, minister of this Parish, daughter of Cranmer Kenrick, late 
of Boston, Esquire, who departed this hfe March the loth, a.d. 1810, 
aged 75, Also two of their children who died in their infancy. Also 
to the memory of Mary Arnall, wife of the above, daughter of Richard 
Yerburgh, late of Frampton, Esquire, who departed this life January 
9th, 1836, in the 65th year of her age.' 

Brass <0 shaped plates record exact spot in the floor 
of the church. 

In Sleaford Church there are the following memorials : — 
East window — stained glass. 

' In memory of Richard Yerburgh, D.D., forty-one years Vicar 
of this parish.' 

On the Minton tiled pavement, near the altar, there is 
the following inscription : — 

' Beneath rest the earthly remains of Richard Yerburgh, 41 years 
Vicar of this parish, departed this life 22nd February 1851, aged 77.' 

Inscription in stone on wall near the altar. 

' Isabel Arnall Yerburgh obiit 28th Maii 1824. Infans.' 

The south window nearest to the altar has three lights, 
and is filled with stained glass. 

1. ' In memory of Lucy, wife of the Rev. N, Ashington, and 
daughter of Rev. Richard Yerburgh, D.D., 1849, cBt. 24. 

The offering of Maria Rochfort.' 

2. ' In memory of Robert Baynes Armstrong, Queen's Counsel, 
Recorder of Manchester and Bolton, ob. 1869. 

The offering of Robert Armstrong Yerburgh.' 

3. ' In memory of Susan, wife of the Rev. Richard Yerburgh, and 
daughter of John Higgin, Esq., of Greenfield, Lancaster, obiit 21st 
January i860, cet. 37.' 


The window of the north transept, which is one of the 
four largest and finest windows in England, is filled with 
stained glass by Ward and Hughes, and bears the following 
inscription : 

' To the Honour and Glory of God and in memory of Richard 
Yerburgh, D.D., and Richard Yerburgh, B.A., father of Robert 
Armstrong Yerburgh, M.P., this window is placed by him a.d. 1893, 
to commemorate their service as successive vicars of this church 
during a period of 72 years.' 

On a small headstone close to the old Vicarage, there is 
a child's tombstone cut with the initials ' E. R. Y.' (Edmund 
Rochfort Yerburgh) who died an infant. 

At the east end of the Bedes Chapel in Carre's Hospital 
there is a stained-glass window with this inscription : 

' This window is placed to the Glory of God and in memory of the 
Revd. Doctor Yerburgh and the Revd. Richard Yerburgh, Chaplains of 
this Hospital from 1845 to 1882, by the Rev. O. P. Wardell-Yerburgh.' 

In Sleaford cemetery there is a large granite monument 
with the following inscription : 

' Here rests in God, Susan, wife of Richard Yerburgh, Vicar of this 
Parish, January 21st, i860. 

Psalm Lxxii. 26. 

' Here also sleeps Charlotte, their youngest child. Also Anne, 
his second wife. 

Proverbs xxxi. 28. 

•Also of Richard Yerburgh, husband of the above, who died 
August 29, 1886, aged 69 years . . . and was buried at High Bicking- 
ton, North Devon. 

They sleep in Jesus.' 


The west doors of the cemetery were a gift from the 
Revd. Richard Yerburgh, and bear the following inscription 
on a brass plate : 

' The gift of Richard Yerburgh in loving memory of his wife Anne.' 

In High Bickington churchyard, North Devon, there is a 
large granite cross bearing this inscription : 

' In loving memory of Richard Yerburgh, Rector of this Parish, 
died August 29th, 1886, aged 69 years. 

" Waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." * 

There is also in High Bickington Church a fine stained- 
glass window at the east end by Ward and Hughes, erected 
by his daughters, Annie Constance Yerburgh and Mabel 
Stanley Yerburgh, to the memory of the Rev. Richard 
Yerburgh. The subject of the windows is the Ascension. 

In Southwold churchyard are three memorials : 

' Elizabeth, wife of the Rev. Doctor Yerburgh, Vicar of Sleaford, 
in the county of Lincoln : she passed from death unto hfe February 4th 

' Mary, daughter of the above, entered into rest through the merits 
of Jesus Christ our Saviour, Oct. 24, 1890. 

" Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord " Rev. xiv. 13.' 

' Rachel Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Richard Yerburgh, Vicar 
of Sleaford, and Susan, his wife, died October 9th, i860, aged 8 years. 

' Here rests in God, Mary Florence, second surviving daughter of 
the Rev. R. Yerburgh, Vicar of Sleaford. 

Born March 27, 1854. 
Died Feb. 18, 1877.' 


' In loving memory of Sophie, the dearly beloved wife of 
H. Beauchamp Yerburgh. 

Born September ist, 1855. 
Died November 13th, 1877. 
" So God loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son to 
the end that all that believe on Him should not perish, but have 
everlasting hfe." ' 

Elmhirst Memorials : West Ashby, Lincolnshire 

Tablet on east wall of north aisle, inscribed : 

* In memory of Richard Elmhirst, Esqre., who died the 12th of 
December 1847, aged 76 : for many years a Deputy Lieutenant and 
an active Magistrate for the County. Also of Jane Dorothea, his wife, 
who died at West Ashby Grove, the nth of August 1861. Aged 81.' 

Tablet on north wall of north aisle, inscribed : 

' In memory of Sarah Elmhirst, who died the 4th of February 1848. 
and whose remains are interred in the vault adjoining. She was the 
last remaining daughter of Wilham Elmhirst, Esqre., late of Enderby.' 

Memorial cross in north-west of churchyard, inscribed : 

' In affectionate remembrance of Moses Elmhirst, Esq. Born 
December 31st, 1806. Died June 4th, 1880.' 

Tablet on wall of north aisle, inscribed : 

' In memory of Elizabeth, the beloved wife of William Elmhirst, 
Esqre., who died at the Manor House, West Ashby, April 30th, 1859, 
aged 57 years. 

' Also of William Elmhirst, Esqre., husband of the above, who died 
at Tenby, South Wales, 6th April i860, aged 57 years. This memorial 
was erected by their sorrowing children. " Thy Will be done." ' 


Stained-glass window at east end of north aisle, with 
brass below inscribed : 

' To the Glory of God and in loving and faithful memory of 
Elizabeth Jane Ruck-Keene, daughter of William and Elizabeth 
Elmhirst. Born 15th July 1834; died 9th December 1875. This 
window was given by her sister 1885.' 

Stained-glass window at west end of north aisle, with brass 
below, inscribed : 

' In humble reverence to the Glory of God, and to the beloved 
memory of William Augustus Elmhirst, this window was erected, 

Tablet on north side of tower arch with brass inscribed : 

' This tower was restored in loving remembrance of Charlotte 
Alington Barnard. Born xxiii. December mdcccxxx. Died xxx. 
January mdccclix.' 

Brass inserted beneath the above tablet, inscribed : 

' This Clock was put up by Arthur Francis Basset to the glory of 
God, and in loving memory of his mother, Charlotte Mary Basset, 
the restorer of this Tower.' 


h YiiM tl -b 

• Pc-i ,rt'virj.!'ii,' 


gh, yarbrougi 
kelsnthorpe, in T 


RBURGH, lord of the manor of Yarbo 

RT DE YaRBURGH, 5 HcD. I. =. . . , 


DE Yarburgh, 2 King Stephen = 


Yarburgh, Knt., 9 Edw. 11. = Ursi 

lrburgh, living temp. King Stephen 

Robert de Yarburgh = . . ., dau 

William Yarbur 

ho flourished in the reign of Richarc 

ghter of Sir John Ewerby, Knt., by 

William Yarburgh = . . ., daugl 


ors of Yarburgh = Joan, daughter 
I in the femal 


I HAD not intended when I started these notes on the 
Yerburgh family to say much about the early generations 
or anything about that branch of the Yarburghs of Yarburgh, 
who migrated to Yorkshire {circa 1590- 1600). The particular 
cadet of the original stock who migrated was Edmund 
Yarburgh, who was the second son of Francis Yarburgh of 
Northorp, by his second marriage with Frances, daughter 
of Leonard Wray. Francis Yarburgh was the eldest son of 
Edmund Yarburgh of Lincoln, by his wife Margaret 
Grantham, daughter of Sir Vincent Grantham, knight : 
Edmund Yarburgh was the third son of Charles Yarburgh of 
Yarburgh, by his second wife Elizabeth, daughter of Martyn 
Newcomen (whose will is quoted hereafter). 

This branch of the family, whom we will call for the sake 
of distinction ' the Yorkshire Yarburghs,' married a succes- 
sion of heiresses, and soon acquired large estates in the south 
of Yorkshire, chiefly about Snaith and Cowick. Sir 
Nicholas Yarburgh of Snaith, who was born 16 12 and died 
1635, apparently bought back the lands of his ancestors at 
Yarburgh, co. Lincoln, but whether he bought them from 
the then head of his family or from strangers, I am unable to 
state. He probably bought them from his kinsmen, the 
Radleys. As is well known, the male line of the Yorkshire 
Yarburghs became extinct in the year 1852, when the last 


male representative of the family, Nicholas Edmund 
Yarburgh, died unmarried. The representation of the 
family then went to his sister, who married John Greame, 
Esq., of Sewerby House, co. York, and left issue Yarburgh 
Greame of Sewerby House, who assumed the name of 
Yarburgh, and died without issue in 1856, when the repre- 
sentation went to his sister Alicia Maria, who married George 
Lloyd, Esq., of Stockton Hall, whose family appears to have 
been for a long time settled in Manchester and the district, 
and to have been successfully engaged in trade, and who 
bought considerable estates in Yorkshire : on her death the 
representation went to her eldest son, George John Lloyd, 
who assumed the name of Yarburgh. He was born in 181 1 
and died in 1868, leaving two daughters, the eldest of whom, 
Mary Elizabeth Yarburgh, married, in 1862, George William 
Bateson, who (on the death of his brother, the first Lord 
Deramore) became the second Lord Deramore. Mrs. 
Bateson de Yarburgh died in 1884, and the representation of 
the Yorkshire Yarburghs devolved upon her eldest son, 
Robert Wilfrid de Bateson Yarburgh, the present Lord 

We now come to the Cooke- Yarboroughs of Campsall ; 
they have not a drop of Yarburgh blood in their veins, and 
they are really members of the ancient and honourable 
family of Cooke of Stretthorpe. 

Thomas Yarborough of Campsmount married, in 17 18, 
Joanna, daughter of Tobias Harvey of Wormesley, and had 
with other issue, who all died before their father, two 
daughters who survived him : 

Anne and Elizabeth, co-heiresses of Campsmount. These 


two ladies having become the only descendants of Thomas 
Yarborough, first of Campsall, selected for their heir their 
first cousin (on the maternal side), George Cooke of Stret- 
thorpe (who was the grandson of Sir George Cooke, third 
Bart, of Wheatley), whose mother was another of the 
daughters of Tobias Harvey. They enjoined him to take 
the name of Yarborough and to bear the arms, for which he 
obtained the royal permission 15th July 1802. Miss 
Elizabeth Yarborough died 23rd November 1801, and the 
present representative of this family is that well-known 
and highly respected Yorkshireman, George Bryan Cooke 
Yarborough of Campsmount, 

Now as regards our own branch of the family, who as far 
as I have been able to discover are the only representatives 
in the male line of the original stock of Yarburgh of Yarburgh, 
the name having apparently died out, so much so that on 
looking through the London Directory I have been unable to 
discover the name of Yarburgh, Yarborough, or Yerburgh, 
except in connection with Lord Deramore's family, the 
Cooke Yarboroughs, and our own branch of the family. 
I know that a branch of the family exists at the present time 
in Virginia. This branch probably emigrated from Boston, 
but it is not known from whom they are descended, as 
Hunter says in his South Yorkshire, ' when the simple pos- 
session of the name may be received as a proof almost 
complete of descent from the main stock.' Sir Alfred S. 
Scott-Gatty considers that it is probable that our ancestor, 
Richard Yerburgh of Over Tynton, was identical with Richard 
Yerburgh who held lands in Cockerington anno 1530 : if 


so, he is probably also identical with Richard who held lands 
in Edlington 1490 — and was probably the son of Thomas of 
Edlington and Cockerington and Withcall — 1455-90, the 
son of William Yarborough of Yarborough, who on the 
visitation of 1562 for Lincolnshire is described as William 
Yarborough (son of John, son of William, son of Richard) 
who married Isabel, daughter and heir of Sir John Billing, 
knight. Their pedigree is well worth studying, as it proves 
conclusively that the Yorkshire Yarburghs are only, like 
ourselves, cadets of the main stock. 

I now pass on to give a very full account of the family, 
which practically exhausts all the branches of the family 
which at the present time are known to exist. 

I have already pointed out that in Tudor times, the 
gentry of Lincolnshire were for the most part in very poor 
circumstances and were hardly pressed to keep up their 
position ; and I have shown that Charles Yarburgh of 
Yarburgh was no exception to the rule. In order that you 
may be able to grasp the rise and progress of this branch of 
the family it will be necessary for you to refer to the Chart 
Pedigree, and I shall commence with the early descendants 
of that family, about whom I shall not have much to say till 
I come to Charles Yarburgh of Yarburgh. 

Yarborough. Visitation 1562, and other Sources 

Arms : Quarterly of 6 : 1st, Gules a chevron between 

three chaplets parties per pale azure and argent ; 2nd, 

argent five cross crosslets fetche gules on fess a Rose of the 

second (Billing) ; 3rd, Scolle a chevron between three cross 


crosslets argent (Jeyes) ; 4th, argent a chevron engrailed 
azure between three birds gules (Atwell) ; 5th, sable two 
lions gemels erased is saltire argent (Legborne) ; 6th, gules 
a fess argent in chief griffins heads erased or (Adripan) . 

Crest : A falcon close belled or preying on a mallard 

EusTACHius DE Yarborough, Lord of the Manor of 
Yarborough, co. Lincoln, married, and had issue. 

Robert de Yarborough, anno 5 Henry i. Married 
daughter of Sir Lambert Mumby, knight, and had issue. 

Lambert de Yarborough, knight, 9 Edward 11. Married 
Ursula, daughter of Arthur Ormesby, and had issue. 

Sir John de Yarburgh, knight, married Ursula, daughter 
of Sir Ralph Humberston, and had issue. 

Ralph Yarburgh married Ann, daughter of Sir William 
Staine, knight, and had issue. 

Robert de Yarburgh married daughter of Sir John 
Bussam, knight, and had issue : 

1. Sir John Yarburgh. 

2. William Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 

William Yarburgh married Beatrix, daughter of Sir 
Geoffrey Auke, knight, and had issue. 

Richard Yarburgh, who flourished in the reign of Richard 
II., and married Cassandra, daughter of Sir John Maple- 
thorpe, and had issue. 

Robert Yarburgh married Isabel, daughter of Sir John 


Euerby, by Catharine his wife, daughter and co-heiress of 
Bernard Mussenden, Esq., and had issue. 

William Yarburgh who married daughter of Thomas 
Anguine, Esq., and by her had issue. 

Richard Yarburgh, Lord of the Manors of Yarburgh 
and Kelstern, co. Lincoln, married Joan, daughter and 
heiress of John Atwell of Legbourne, Esq., descended in the 
female line from Philip, Baron Kyme, and by her had issue : 

1. Robert Yarborough, who died without issue. 

2. William Yarburgh. 

William Yarburgh, Lord of Yarburgh, married Isabel, 
daughter and heiress of Sir John Billing, knight, who was 
grandson and heir of Sir John BilHng, by Margaret his wife, 
daughter and heiress of Sir John Teyes, and by her had issue : 

1. William Yarburgh. 

2. Richard Yarburgh. 

Richard Yarburgh of Yarburgh, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Thomas Moyne, Esq., and by her had issue : 

1. Charles Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 

2. Margaret, wife of Thomas Barde of North Kelsey. 

We now pass on to Charles Yarborough of Yarborough, 
and I have found it quite impossible to reconcile the con- 
flicting statements in the Visitation of 1562-4 with that 
contained in the published pedigrees. The discrepancies, 
however, are not of any great importance, and I have not 
thought it necessary to dwell upon them. 

Charles Yarburgh of Yarburgh was Lord of the manors 


of Yarburgh, Kelstern, and Legbourne. Married twice : 
his first wife was Agnes, daughter of Sir John Skipwith, 
knight, and by her had issue : 

Richard Yarburgh of Yarburgh, co. Lincoln, who 
married Margaret, daughter of Thomas Port- 
lington, Esq., and by her had issue : 

Charles Yarburgh of Yarburgh and Kelstern 1562, 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Humfrey Littlebury 
of Hagworthingham, co. Lincoln, and by her had issue : 
WilHam, of whom hereafter. 
Thomas, who died without issue. 
John "I There is no record of the death or 
Charles marriage of any of these children : 
Edward it is possible they may all have died in 
George \ infancy : on the other hand, it is quite 
Frances possible that some of them grew up and 
Faith married, and sank to the position of 
Anne j yeomen. At least one thing is certain : 
if they did grow up they were not people of any 
position in the county. 
William Yarburgh of Yarburgh, co. Lincoln, the 
heir of Charles Yarburgh, married Eleanor, 
daughter of Thomas Clifford, Esq., of Bracken- 
bury, CO. Lincoln, and by her had issue : 

Henry Yarburgh, born 1591, had a son William, 

who died v.p. 
Peter Yarburgh, born 1592. 
William Yarburgh of Appleton, co. York, 
aged sixty-three, 13th September 1665, 
admon. granted, married Margaret, daughter 
of Robert Jephson of Killinghey, co. York, 
Gent., and had issue : 

Nicholas Yarburgh, cat. three, 1665. 
Elizabeth Mary. 


This descent accounts for all the children and the recorded 
descendants of Charles Yarburgh of Yarburgh by his first 
marriage with Agnes, daughter of Sir John Skipwith. You 
will notice that William Yarburgh of Yarburgh, the grandson 
of Charles Yarburgh, appears to have been the last Yarburgh 
of Yarburgh for many generations, and this appears to 
establish the statement of my grandfather (the Rev. R. 
Yerburgh, D.D., of Sleaford) that the main branch of the 
Yarburgh family fell on hard times, and that the family 
property at Yarburgh was alienated, and that it was not for 
many generations afterwards that the Yorkshire Yarburghs, 
having accumulated wealth by fortunate marriages and 
other means, re-acquired by purchase the lordship of the 
Manor of Yarburgh and the lands which have been for so 
many years in the possession of their ancestors : it is con- 
ceivable that they may have repurchased the lands at 
Yarburgh from members of the Yarburgh family, but it is 
much more likely that the lands were alienated altogether, 
and then at some date which I cannot mention were 
repurchased from strangers by the Yorkshire Yarburghs. 

It is, however, certain Sir Nicholas Yarburgh, who was 
born in 1612 and died in 1655, by his will, dated 30th June 
1655, gave to ' Richard, my third son, ;^6o per annum out 
of these lands I have purchased in Yarburgh in the county of 

We now come to Charles Yarburgh of Yarburgh's second 
marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of Martyn Newcomen, 
Esq., by his wife, daughter of Sir Bryan Sandford, knight, 
and it is from this marriage that the Yorkshire Yarburghs 
sprung. By his second wife he had issue : 


Christopher Yarburgh married the daughter and 
heiress of John Mitchell alias Copeland, and by 
her had issue : 

John Yarburgh (of whom there exists no record), 

Anne, wife of John Brough. 


Edmund Yarburgh (the ancestor of the Yorkshire 

Yarburghs of whom hereafter), 

Bryan Yarburgh, married Gilby, and had issue : 

Adam (of whom there is no record). 
Ursula Yarburgh, married first to Thomas Wall, and 

secondly to Thomas Hall of Yarburgh. 
Margaret Yarburgh, married John Dyon, Esq. 
Bridget Yarburgh, married to Thomas Radley, Esq, 
Barbara Yarburgh, married to William Darby. 
Jane Yarburgh, married to Nicholas Thornock, Esq, 

The Will of Charles Yarborough, Esq., of 
Kelstern, 15TH March 1544 

To be buried in the church. To my daughter Jane c. marks on her 
marriage, and the same to my daughter Barbara. To Anne Yarbrough, 
daughter of my deceased son Richard, 40 1. To my son Christopher 
Yarbrough vii 1. To my son Edmund Yarbrough vii 1. when he is 21. 
To my son Bryan Yarbrough vii 1. To my wife, Elizabeth, my lands 
in Yarbrough for her life, and after her to Charles Yarbrough, son and 
heir of my deceased son Richard, faihng his heirs to my son Christopher 
Yarbrough : failing his heirs to my son Bryan Yarbrough. I leave 
my manor and lands in Kelstern and Theddlethorpe to my wife, 
EHzabeth (with entail as before), my lands in North and South 
Somercotes to my sons Christopher, Edmund and Bryan. My wife 
Exr. and Bryan Newcomen Supervisor, Prov. 27th Sept. 1544, 



I now give the will of Elizabeth Yarbrough (who was the 
second wife and widow of Charles Yarbrough of Kelstern, 
and daughter of Martin and Mary Newcomen). 

The Will of Elizabeth Yarbrough of 
Kelstern, i2th April 1556 

To be buried in the Church. To Thomas, Ehzabeth, and Ann 
Yarburgh, children of Christopher Yarburgh, v lb. apiece. To my 
son Christopher Yarburgh my best goblet of silver and gilt with the 
covering. To George and Elizabeth Yarburgh, children of Bryan 
Yarburgh, v lb. apiece. To Bridget, daughter of Bryan Yarburgh, 
iiij lb. vi s. viii d. To my son Bryan Yarburgh a goblet of silver 
gilt with the covering of the ' hold fashion ' and vi silver spoons, one 
of them a ' gret shorn.' To my god-daughter, Elizabeth Dyon, 40/. 
To my god-daughter, Margaret Dyon, iii lb. vi s. viii d. To Wilham 
and Frances Radley, children of Thomas Radley, ii lb. vis. viii d. 
apiece. To my daughter Bridget Radley 14 lb. and ii silver spoons. 
To Margaret, daughter of William Darby, ii lb. vi s. viii d. To my 
daughter Barbara Darby ' my flat piece of silver.' To my sister, 
Margaret Newcome, 40s. To my sister, Elizabeth Burgh, 40s. towards 
bringing up her children Ehzabeth Crathorne, daughter of Thomas 
Crathorne. To Richard Blisby and John Grantham x s. apiece. Charles 
Yarburgh, the heir, to have the heirlooms of his grandfather's bequest. 
Residue to son-in-law, William Darby, and my son Bryan Yarburgh, 
whom I make exrs. and John Dyon, Esq., Supervisor. 
Proved 11 September 1556. 

We now come to Edmund Yarburgh who settled at 
Lincoln, and appears to have been the founder of the fortunes 
of the Yorkshire Yarburghs. I conjecture that he was the 
first of the family who devoted his talents to any other object 
than the land : what his occupation was I cannot state, 
but I should not be surprised if it was the law. He died 


20th of February 1590, aged eighty-one years, and was 
buried in the cathedral of that city, and a monument was 
erected to his memory. He married Margaret, daughter of 
Sir Vincent Grantham, knight, by Bridget Hamond. 

In Gervase Holies, Lincolnshire Church Notes, 1634 to 
1642, there is this entry, under the head of Lincoln Cathedral : 

' Edmundus Yerburgh armig : duxit Margaret Filiam Vincentii 
Grantham armig : obiit 25 die Feb. ano Dni 1590.' 

r Party per pale ... a chevron between 3 chaplets 
Empaled. \ all countercharged. 

I Ermine, a griphon segreant. 

Edmund Yarburgh had issue : 
Francis Yarburgh of whom hereafter. 
Charles Yarburgh of Willoughby Notts (which was 
probably acquired by purchase) married Barbara, 
daughter of William Whalley of Newark, and by her 
had issue : 

Herscy Yarburgh, aged twenty-five in 15 14. He 
married, and left issue : 
Three daughters, one of whom married Sir Thomas 
Faith Yarburgh. 
Mary Yarburgh. 

Anne Yarburgh married Henry. 

Barbara Yarburgh married William Leek of Normanton. 
Frances Yarburgh married to Thomas Winsley. 
Winifred Yarburgh married to George Fox. 

Francis Yarburgh of Northorpe, co. Lincoln (of whom 
I shall have a good deal to say) , probably acquired Northorpe 
by purchase : married first Elizabeth, daughter of Robert 
or John Farmour, Esq., and by her had issue : 


Robert Yarburgh, married a daughter of Sir Gervase 
Elwes, and by her had issue : 

Mary Yarburgh, married to Saville, Esq., and 

died s.p. 

Francis Yarburgh married, secondly, Frances, daughter 
of Leonard Wray of Cusworth, younger brother of Sir 
Christopher Wray, Lord Chief-Justice of the Queen's Bench : 
and had issue : 

Edmund Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 

Elizabeth Yarburgh, wife of Martin Glydon. 
By his will, dated the 13th July, proved 29th October 
1595, he gave the parsonage of Northroph (held under the 
bishop at a yearly rent of £2>y 6s. 8d. and valued at £250) to 
Robert Mounson, Gent., on condition that he paid £100 to 
his sister Mary Mounson, and ;^I50 to his brother George 
Mounson. To his daughter, Elizabeth Martin Glydon, he 
gave £10 (it is probable that she had made a very poor 
marriage). To his son and heir, Robert, half the plate, 
a dozen Apostle spoons, the child-bed stuff that was his 
mother's, and all the goods at Lincoln house as given by his 
grandfather, John Farmerye, gentleman, and £400 when 
twenty-one. To his son Edmund he gave a pair of borders, 
the best bed at Northroph, with the silk coverings, the 
wrought pillow beares, and the needlework stools and 
embroidered chairs, being all his mother's provision, half the 
plate and ;^400 when twenty-one : also a ring with a death's 
head, given by Sir Christopher Wray, late Lord Chief- Justice 
of England, his late uncle. He mentions his brother Lindley, 
his brothers Christopher Wray, and Leonard Wray, Henry 


Jenkinson (perhaps husband of his sister Faith), and Charles 
Yarburgh of VVillowby, and WilHam Adams, his brother-in- 
law, whom he made guardian of his son Edmund : his 
kinsmen Evers, William Wray, Esq., Edward Ascough, Esq., 
Sir George St. Paul, knight, Thomas Grantham, Esq., and 
Nicholas Saunderson, Esq., ' a lyke stone with my coat 
engraven in brasse, with both my wyves in brasse, as also 
their cotes and protreyture shall be fixed and layd doune in 
Northroppe Churche, where my said wyves and my mother 
is buried with dyvers of my children, the charge also to be 
such as my fathers is at Lincolne.' It cost £2, 6s. 8d. (It 
is still in Northorpe Church, and at one time I had a rub- 
bing of it.) The inscription to his father, who died 20th 
of February 1 590-1, will be found on p. 306 of Peck's 
Desiderata Curiosa. His inventory was taken nth August 
1595, was exhibited 3rd July 1598, and finally passed the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 21st June 1602. It 
specifies the best chamber, inner chamber, yellow chamber, 
chamber over the pantrie, chamber over the kitchen hall, 
dining parlour, little parlour, inner chamber, buttery, milk 
house and kitchen. He had 310 ounces of silver plate : 
forty-five score of sheep : books worth £3 : money owing 
;^8oo : sum total of his effects ;^i868, i8s. 4d. 

This Francis Yarburgh was a serjeant-at-law, and no 
doubt his connection with the Wray family was a great 
assistance to him. There is a good portrait of him at 

Leonard Wray (Francis Yarburgh's father-in-law) gave 
to his grandchildren, Edmund Yarburgh ;^5, 13s. 4d., and 
Elizabeth Yarburgh ;^3, 6s. 8d., and to the heir of Ardwick le 

Street, where he was living in 1569, los. per annum for 

We now come to the first of the Yarburgh family who 
appears to have obtained a footing in Yorkshire, and this 
was Edmund Yarburgh (the son of Francis Yarburgh by his 
second marriage with Frances Wray), and the infusion of the 
legal and successful blood of the Wrays into the somewhat 
worn-out blood of the Yarburghs appears to have been most 
fortunate, for apparently Edmund Yarburgh when he set 
foot in Yorkshire did not own an acre of land in the county, 
in which his descendants now own more than ten thousand 
acres, and have also been able to buy back the old property 
of the family in Lincolnshire. From the time that Edmund 
Yarburgh, with his somewhat slender inheritance set foot in 
the county of York, the progress of the family has been almost 
continual. This Edmund Yarburgh was Capital Seneschal 
of the Manor of Snaith and Cowick nth August 1622, and 
treasurer for lame soldiers 2 Charles 1626. In the year 
1628 it is noted that ' there was a good summe to be disbursed 
to the maintenance of lame shouldiers and the prysoners in 
ye gaole.' He died 6th May 1631 and was buried in the 
church of Snaith the day following. There is a list of bonds 
for money due to him still extant and the sum amounts to 
£6,359. From this it will be seen that he had soon developed 
into a typical Yorkshireman, and had materially increased 
his patrimony. He married a very considerable heiress, 
Sarah, daughter of Thomas Wormsley, Esq., of Cusworth and 
Hatfield, co. York, by Tomasina his wife, daughter and co- 
heiress of Nicholas Waller of Sikehouse. She was baptized 


at Thorne, nth July 1589, married at Hatfield 28th May 
161 1. Will dated 8th January 1658 and proved 23rd August 
1622. She died at Campsall and was buried there 17th 
August 1662. 

In her will she calls herself of the city of York,and desires 
to be buried near her son John if she died in that city, but she 
died at Campsall and was buried there. To her grandson, Sir 
John Reresby, she gave twenty shillings to buy him a ring ; 
to the Lady Reresby, her daughter, wife of James Moyser, Esq., 
of Beverley, a great silver pottinger, and twelve silver spoons. 
She made her sons Thomas and Edmund Yarburgh executors, 
and gave to each of her grandchildren, Nicholas, Richard, 
John, Edmund, Christopher, and Elizabeth Yarburgh : her 
grandchildren Edmund Moyser, Gervas, and Edmund 
Reresby. To the Lady Hoyle, her cousin, she gave her 
hoope ring which was her mother's wedding ring. ' To the 
poore ;^30, at the discretion of my Executors, as that they 
distribute the most of it to the poore where my estate lyeth 
that God hath blessed me with.' All the legacies were 
charged upon ' my moiety of West Hall, or Wormley Hall, 
and my mannor called Storkshold : and lands in Hatfield, 
Fishlake, Hatfield Woodhouse, Thane, Sikehouse, Stain- 
forth, Dowsthorpe and Bramwith lately purchased of Thomas 
Bosvile, Esq., and Thomas Vincent, Esq., and Susan, his 
wife and my sister, and other lands in Hatfield purchased of 
Lord Carlingford and Sir Robert Anstrother, knight.' 
{South Yorkshire, vol. i. pp. 55, 205.) These lands dame 
Sarah Yarburgh entailed upon her grandson Nicholas, with 
remainder to her son Thomas Yarburgh of Campsall. 

Mrs. Sarah Yarburgh appears to have been a good mother. 


and excellent woman of business, and a very considerable 
heiress. She left issue : 

1. Nicholas Yarburgh of whom hereafter. 

2. Thomas Yarburgh, baptized at Snaith 22nd July 

1623, was of Campsall, and died 30th November 
1697, aged seventy-four. {South Yorkshire, vol. 
ii. pp. 466, 469.) He was a serjeant-at-law : 
married, firstly, Ann, daughter of Thomas Ellis, 
Esq., of Nott Hill, son of Sir Thomas Ellis, co. 
Lincoln. She died s.p. and was buried loth July 
1682. He married, secondly, Mary, only daughter 
and heiress of Edmund Watson, Esq., of East 
Hague, CO. York, and sole heiress to her mother 
Alice, daughter and co-heiress of Nathaniel 
Birkhead of East Hague, Esq. She married, 
secondly, Henry Auser of Kildwick, and was 
buried at Campsall 27th November 1730. His 
great-grandfather gave him lands in Usfleet, 
lately purchased of John Dunn. His will dated 
6th December 1694, with codicils of 31st May 
1695 and 20th November 1696, was proved 14th 
March 1697. He entailed Braton-Hall in Campsall 
on his sons, charging all his lands with ;^500, 
each to his younger children, excepting his wife's 
jointure and ' that fourth part of Hatfield entailed 
to me by my mother which is intended to my 
son Edmund.' He desired his son Thomas 
might have ;^70 a year at the University and ;^ioo 
a year at the Inns of Court. His inventory 
specifies the hall, the great parlour, the little 


parlour, the best chamber over the great parlour, 
the little chamber adjoining the hall chamber, 
the red chamber, nursery kitchen chamber, 
maids' chamber, passage, stove chamber, buttery 
chamber, servants chamber, wool chamber, store 
chamber next the garrets, buttery, cellar, kitchen, 
back kitchen, pastry, dairy, beef house, brew 
house, brew house chamber, work house, corn 
chamber, and kilne house. The personality 
amounted to ;^2,i50 17s. He had issue : 

Edmund Yarhurgh, barrister-at-law and bencher of 
Gray's Inn : died unmarried 25th February 1674, aged 
seventy-six ; buried at St. George's, Queen Square. 
Henry Yarhurgh, LL.D., Rector of Tewin, Herts, 
prebendary of York, died unmarried 28th November 
1774, aged eighty-three, buried at Campsall. 
Nicholas Yarhurgh, died unmarried, buried at Campsall 

27th November 1731. 
Francis Yarhurgh, D.D., Principal of Brasenose College, 
Oxford, and Rector of Aynho, died unmarried at 
Bath 25th April 1770, buried at Campsall. 
Thomas Yarhurgh of Campsall, baptized 23rd May 1687, 
died ist September 1772, aged eighty-five, buried 
at Campsall ; married an heiress, Joanna Harvey, 
8th February 1718, died 3rd March. She had 
issue : 
Mary Yarhurgh fhW died unmarried, and were 
Johanna Yarhurgh J buried at Campsall, the two 
Ann Yarhurgh 1 latter who succeeded their 
Elizaheth Yarhurgh \sisters, devised their property 
to their cousin, George Cooke, Esq., of Stret- 
thorpe, second son of Sir George Cooke, Bart., 
from whom descends the present owner of 
Campsall, George Bryan Cooke- Yarborough, 


Edmund Yarburgh of Doncaster, M.D., in 1695 : 
baptized at Snaith 7th June 1625 : was of Emmanuel 
College, Cambridge, and B.A. January 1644-5 - 
removed to Jesus College, and was M.A. 1648 and 
Fellow of the College. He was expelled by the 
Solemn League and Covenant, ' being a man most 
devoted to his Church and King.' {South Yorkshire, 
vol. i. pp. 43, 359.) He was of the city of York in 
1656 : in 1665 he took the degree of M.D., and was 
living at Doncaster, where he practised many years 
with great success. He died there and was buried 
in the parish church. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter and heiress of Thomas Stanhope, Esq., 
of Stotfold and of Hampull, co. York, third son of 
Sir John Stanhope of Melwood Park, co. Lincoln, 
married ist June 1664, and died 1683. She had 
issue : 

Thomas Yarburgh, baptized 18th May 16655 buried 
7th February 1669. 

Edmund Yarburgh, baptized May 1667 ; buried 23rd 
April 1668. 

Nicholas Yarburgh, baptized 25th September 1671 j 
buried 15th May 1674. 

William Yarburgh, baptized 23rd January 1676 ; 
buried 17th April 1677. 

Stanhope Yarburgh, baptized 14th July 1674, living 
in August 1691. 

Gerard Yarburgh, his youngest son, baptized 9th July 
1678 ; married at Arksey, i6th July 1695-6, Ann 
Ealy, and erected a monument in the church of 
Hutton Pagnell to the memory of his grandfather, 
Thomas Stanhope, Esq., of Stotfold, who died 26th 


August 1691, and by will dated 13th August left him 
half his lands in Hutton Pagnel. (Miller's Doncaster, 
p. 284.) 
Henry Yarhnrgh, baptized 19th August 1675 ; married 
at Barnby Don, i8th December 1701, Elizabeth, 
widow of Anthony Gregory, and daughter of Thomas 
Farmer, Esq., and by her left issue : 
John Yarburgh, baptized at Barnby Don 13th 

October 1702. 
Thomas Yarburgh, baptized 30th October 1711. 
Edmund Yarburgh, baptized 4th May 1704, and was 
buried at Barnby Don, 23rd April 1705. 

John Yarburgh, baptized at Snaith, 21 April 1629, 
the youngest son, not named in Sir William Dugdale's 
Pedigree : was buried at St. Michael-a-Belfry, York, 
3rd February 1653-4, aged twenty-four years. (See 
his M. I., Drakes's Eboracum, p. 340.) 

Frances Yarburgh, married at Snaith, 21st May 1633, 
to Sir John Reresby of Thibergh, Bart. {South 
Yorkshire, vol. ii. pp. 39-44), by whom she had nine 
children. She married, secondly, James Moyser of 
Beverley (Dugdale's Visitation, p. 212), by whom she 
had four sons and one daughter, and died 7th Sep- 
tember 1688. (There is a good deal of information 
about the Yarburgh family contained in the Memoirs 
of Sir John Reresby 1634-1689, edited by J. J. Cart- 
wright, and published by Longmans, 1875.) 

Sir Nicholas Yarburgh, knight (eldest son and heir of 
Edmund Yarburgh, and also heir to his mother Dame 
Sarah Yarburgh), was of Snaith Hall, co. York. ' He was a 
Justice of the Peace and Administrator of his Majesty's 


service on the late war.' In 1640, October ist, he is styled 
Esquire, and 1642, March 28th, Knight : and he seems to have 
removed from Balne Hall to Snaith Hall between May 1647 
and July 1649. He was baptized 12th February 1612-13 at 
Hatfield. By will dated 30th June 1655 he desires to be buried 
in Snaith Church near his father, and he was buried there 
the 22nd August 1655, no doubt in the chancel, which, as 
impropriators, his family continue to repair. His affection 
for his mother is shown in the following letter. It was written 
from Cambridge, 13th April 1629. He never took a degree. 

' Dear Mother, — My humble duty remembered, not oblivious of 
your tender affection towards me, for the which I praise God, that he 
hath created me sonne to such a mother, whose vigilant care for my 
good is extraordinary. Now seeing nothing can be more acceptable 
to you from me than my happy successe and proceedinges in piety, 
I hope these my weake endeavours shall not altogether suffer a repulse, 
though I confess but small : even as here and there one eare of come 
plucked out of a plentifull harvest. Nevertheless hoping you will 
accept the will for the deed, I am encouraged to send them, heartily 
beseeching God to work the holy operation on you by them : so that 
God may be glorified, yourselfe edified and I encouraged to all good 
actions. Thus with my humble duty remembered I take leave, — Your 
dutifull and obedient sonne, Nicholas Yerburgh.' 

(As regards the spelling of our name. Colonel Moore, F.S.A., 
of Frampton Hall, wrote to me some years ago : ' The change 
in spelling is nothing. Registers were written either by the 
parson, or a paid registrar who wrote names phonetically, or 
as he heard them pronounced, and about the time Yarboroughs 
became Yarburgh, most family names are spelt in various 
ways. I have a Deed which spells the same person's name 
in three different ways : " More, Moor, Moore," and 


" Tonnard " became " Tunnard " about that time. In this 
family the above remark is clearly exemplified, e.g. 1700 : 
" Sarah, dau. of Geo. and Alice Yarborough." 1702 : 
" Mary, dau. of Geo. and Alice Yarburg." 1704 : " Jane, 
dau. of Geo. and Alice Yarbrough." 1705 : " Thos. 
son of Geo. and Alice Yerburgh." In five years we have 
the same name spelt five times differently.') 

He married at St. Saviour's, York, 26th May 1635, Mrs. 
Faith Dawnay of York, daughter of John Dawnay, Esq., of 
Wormesley, who died 13th March and was buried at Snaith, 
15th March 1629-30, aged thirty-six, among his ancestors, 
in the lifetime of his father. Sir Thomas Dawnay of Cowick, 
knight. Her mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard 
Hutton of Goldsborough and Hutton Pagnell, knight, and 
justice of King's Bench {South Yorkshire, vol. ii. p. 143), who 
died 26th February 1638, aged seventy-seven, and lies 
buried in the church of St. Dunstan in the West, Fleet Street, 
London, where his monument yet remains. 

Dame Faith Yarburgh's will is dated 30th July 1656, 
the preamble being exactly copied from her husband's and 
the supervisors being the same, viz. : John Dawnay of 
Cowick, Esq. (first Lord Downe), Thomas Yarburgh of 
Campsall with the addition of Edmund Yarburgh of the city 
of York, Esquire. Her burial at Snaith 24th September 
1657 is thus recorded : * The Lady Faith Yarburgh of Snaith 
Hall that good lady, one of a thousand.' Her inventory 
was taken 15th January 1657-8, but is imperfect. The 
books in the library were valued at £10. A clock in the hall 
£2 : all the plate, being 16 lbs. troy weight, ;^6i, 17s. One 


black bed with furniture ;^20. (Whitaker's Richmondshire, 
vol. ii. p. 334 ; Whalley, p. 292). 
They had issue : 

Thomas Yarburgh, son and heir. 

Nicholas Yarburgh, baptized nth October 1638. 
' I give to my second son Nicholas Yarburgh all that 
moietie or half part of Wormley Hall in Hatfield, 
and lands which my mother, Mrs. Sarah Yarburgh, 
gave unto me in reversion, the party whereof, viz. 
that was copyhold, I hope she will give him when he 
comes of age, and I chardge this my said son that he 
does not aliene or sell the same, since it hath anciently 
belonged to his grandmother's familie at Hatfield.' 
(Extract from Will of Sir Nicholas Yarburgh.) 

His mother gave him ;^200 and commended him 
to the care of his grandmother, who entailed her 
lands upon his heirs male, down to the twelfth son, 
and failing such issue upon his female heirs. He died 
within three years, certainly before 15th September 
1655. The freehold portions of the Hatfield estate 
went to his uncle, the copyhold to his brother Sir 
Thomas, at whose death the Yarburgh interest on 
the Wormley Hall estate ceased. It was mort- 
gaged for ;^I200, and he desired it might be sold. 
With the exception of this every part of the estate 
bequeathed by Sir Nicholas has remained in the 
family up to the present time. 

Richard Yarburgh, baptized ist October 1640, 
entered at Snaith and St. Saviour's, York. ' To 


Richard, my third son, ;^6o per annum out of those 
lands I purchased in Yarburgh in the county of 
Lincolne : and those lands I purchased of my brother 
Thomas Yarburgh of Campsall in the coy. of York 
lying in Marshland in the parish of Whitgift.* 
(Extract from Will of Sir Nicholas Yarburgh.) His 
mother mentions that her son Richard has entered 
to be an apprentice to a merchant in London. His 
grandmother gave him ;^50, and he was living in 1666. 

John Yarburgh, baptized 25th March 1642, buried 
in March 1645 at Snaith. 

John Yarburgh, baptized ist May 1645. ' To John, 
my fourth son, ;^6o per annum which fell to me at 
the decease of my brother, John Yarburgh, Gent.' 
(Extract of Will of Sir Nicholas Yarburgh.) His 
mother left him ;^ioo and his grandmother £50. 
He was B.A. of St. John's College, Cambridge. 

Edmund Yarburgh, baptized i6th September 165 1. 

* To my fifth son £60 per annum and the tythes of 
Cowick.' (Extract of Will of Sir Nicholas Yarburgh.) 
His mother gave him £100 and his grandmother ;^50. 
He was buried at Holy Trinity Church, York, 8th 
October 1694. 

Christopher Yarburgh, baptized 9th May 1654. 

• To Christopher, my sixth son, ;^6o per annum out 
of my lands whatsoere and tythes on Balne and 
Blanecroft.' (Extract of Will of Sir Nicholas Yar- 
burgh.) His mother gave him ;^ioo and his grand- 
mother ;^50. 

Elizabeth Yarburgh was baptized at Snaith 25th 


May 1647 : married there, 12th January 1669-70, 
Henry Laton, Esq., of Rawden, who died 18th 
October 1705, aged eighty- three. She died without 
issue in 1702, aged fifty-five. {Thoreshys Leeds, 
ed. Whitaker, p. 260.) 
Faith Yarburgh was baptized at Snaith, 12th July 
1649, and married Marmaduke Constable, Esq., of 
Wassand, who was baptized at Sigglesthorpe 25th 
July 1642, and buried at Goxhill July 1690. They 
had issue : 

Martha, baptized 12th December 1667 at St. Mary's 

Also Katherine, Mary, Marmaduke, Nicholas, Thomas, 
Faith, and Henrietta Maria. 

Yarburgh Constable (sole surviving son), baptized at 
Segglesthorpe 28th September 1676 ■ married 
Rosamond, daughter and heiress of John Eastoft, 
Esq., of Eastoft, and died 4th June 1731. [Scaims 
BeverlcB, vol. ii. p. 702.) 

There is a portrait of Mrs. Constable at Wassand. 
Her brother. Sir Thomas Yarburgh, left her £10 in 
token of his affection, and her nephew, Blagge 
Yarburgh, three guineas. She was buried 20th 
October 1721 at St. Mary's Beverley. 

Mrs. Laton and Mrs. Constable are thus mentioned 
by their father. Sir Nicholas Yarburgh, in his will : 
* I bequeath to either of my daughters, viz. Elizabeth 
and Faith Yarburgh a thousand marks a piece to 
be paid out of all the lands my father or I purchased 
in Balne, PoUington, Snaith or Campsall, and 


Askerne : and if my eldest son, Thomas Yarburgh, 
Esq., shall deny, refuse, or abstract the payment, 
the lands to go to my younger children, and their 
heirs, my two daughters first receiving five hundred 
marks apiece.' And by their mother thus : * To 
my two daughters, Elizabeth and Faith Yerburgh, 
if they will be advised on their marriage by their 
guardians and uncles ;£i50 each : their grandmother, 
Mrs. Sarah Yarburgh, to be their guardian.' Their 
grandmother gave each of them ;C200 by her last will. 

Sir Thomas Yarburgh was born at Snaith Hall 19th of 
August and baptized 29th August 1637. He was High 
Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1673 and Member for Pontefract in 
1685 and 1688. In conjunction with his uncle John, first 
Viscount Downe, he was instrumental in defeating a Bill 
introduced into the House, to place the Levels of Hatfield 
on the footing contemplated by Sir Cornelius Vermuyden. 
(Hunter's South Yorkshire, vol. i. p. 167.) There is a portrait 
of him at Heslington. Affidavit was made before Sir Thomas 
Yarburgh at Snaith, born November 1688, and he was living 
there 29th June 1700, when he gave a bond to Catherine, 
Queen Dowager, as receiver of her revenues in the honours 
of Knaresborough, Pickering, Pontefract and Tickhill. This 
post he held in 1690. His will is dated 29th August 1709, and 
was proved at York 12th April 17 16. He is described as of 
the parish of St. James, Middlesex : and in that parish he 
died. He gave ;^50 to the poor of Snaith and Cowick. In 
his will he says : * I desire to die, as I have endeavoured 
to live, in the communion of the Church of England : which 



since the Reformation I believe to be a true branch of the 
Catholic Church.' 

An inventory of his goods at Snaith Hall was taken on 
the 5th of April 1716. Most of the rooms were empty ; 
but two bedrooms appear to have been fully furnished. 
In the white bedroom was a bedstead with blue mohair 
curtains : in the room called the alcove, a bedstead with 
silk damask curtains. It specifies also the hall, parlour, 
drawing-room, the great room above stairs, the passage, 
the kitchen, another little room, the nursery, Mr. Dobson's 
room, Mrs. Margaret Yarburgh's room, green room, Indian 
room, and men servants' chamber. Mr. Bywater, steward 
to Sir Thomas, stated that the arrears of rent were ;^39i, 
5s. Exactly the same number of rooms is mentioned in 
Dame Faith Yarburgh's inventory in 1658. 

He married not later than March 1622-8 Henrietta 
Maria, eldest daughter and co-heir of Colonel Thomas 
Blagge, governor of Wallingford, and groom of the bed- 
chamber to King Charles i. At the Restoration he was made 
Governor of Portsmouth and Landguard Fort, but died 
14th November 1660, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. 
(Evelyn's Life of Mrs. Godolphin, pp. 254-5.) Her mother 
was Mary, daughter of Sir Roger North, knight, of Milden- 
hall, and a person, if we may believe Evelyn, of great 
piety and excellence. (Evelyn's Godolphin, p. 6.) Lady 
Yarburgh's character has been unjustly aspersed by Anthony 
Hamilton in his Memoirs of Grammont. The worst that he 
says of her amounts to this : that her eyes were small, her 
eyelashes long and white, and her complexion sallow : that 
she did not understand French, and was coquettish and 


ridiculous. (Grammont's Memoirs, Strawberry Hill edition, 
1772, pp. 95, 97, 189, 195.) Yet Hamilton declares that the 
Duchess of York, to whom she was maid-of-honour till her 
marriage, ' had so just a discernment of merit, that who- 
ever of either sex were possessed of it, were sure to be dis- 
tinguished by her.' Had there been misconduct on the 
part of the eldest sister, it is incredible that this virtuous 
Princess should have demanded her younger sisters, Margaret 
(the wife of Sydney Godolphin) and Mary (who held that 
post so late as 1669, and was living unmarried in 1678) as 
her maids-of-honour. Nor could the Duke of York with 
any decency have stood godfather to her first child. Her 
husband, at whom Hamilton sneers, simply because he had 
flaxen hair, made her sole executrix of his will. And it is 
interesting to know that a quarto book of ninety-five pages 
is preserved at Heslington entitled * My Lady Yarburgh's 
Book of Meditations made by herself when she lived at 
Snaith Hall.' There are passages from Herbert, Bishop 
Gunning and other writers, transcribed at great length : 
one passage is almost prophetic : * My best actions and 
endeavours have had no other effect than to make me ill 
thought of, even by those I most designed to oblige.' 

Lady Yarburgh was living at Snaith Hall, so late as 
2 1st October 1693 : and with her husband in the parish 
of St. James, Middlesex, when he made his will. She died 
before her husband. There are portraits of Lady Yarburgh 
and of Mrs. Godolphin by Sir Peter Lely at Heslington. 
She had sixteen children, of whom all except four were 
baptized at Snaith, where six of them, who died infants, 
were buried : 


James Yarburgh of whom hereafter. 

Thomas Yarburgh, baptized 26th February 1665-6, is 
noticed in Dugdale's Visitations. His father left 
him an estate at Winthorpe in the county of Lincoln, 
which in consequence of his decease before 1724 
unmarried went to his brother James and still forms 
part of the Yarburgh estate. 

Blagge Yarburgh, the date of whose baptism is 
unknown, was the third surviving son. He had 
;^200 from his father and an annuity of ;£ioo a year. 
In 1 7 16 he is described as of the city of York, and 
was trustee to the will of his brother James, to whose 
younger children he acted as guardian. He made 
his will 30th April 1721, and divers codicils lOth 
April, loth June, 21st September 1738, and it was 
proved 19th March 1739-40. To his nephew Henry, 
he gave his silver-hilted sword, his gold-handled 
cane, and his case of pistols. He made his sister 
Faith executrix, and adds : ' I would have no 
minster Bell towle for me.' He was buried at 
St. Saviour's 13th March 1739-40, unmarried. 

Richard Yarburgh, baptized ist November 1680, 
was living unmarried in 1707. His father had 
advanced ;^iooo to buy him a partnership with Mr. 
Mollineux, woollen draper, in St. Paul's Churchyard. 

Charles Yarburgh, baptized 17th July 1682, went 
to sea, and returned home to die (I suppose in 
London) before the date of his father's will. 

Nicholas Yarburgh, baptized 22nd November 1666, 
buried 26th October 1670. 


George Yarburgh, baptized 25th March, buried nth 
October 1671. 

Nicholas Yarburgh, baptized 5th March 1673, 
buried 14th December 1674. 

Elizabeth Yarburgh, baptized 30th September 1672, 
buried 29th January 1673. 

Ann Yarburgh, baptized 15th November 1677, buried 
15th February 1678. 

Rosamond Yarburgh, baptized 13th August 1687, 
was in 1707 the wife of Nicholas Polexfen, Esq., 
who was appointed 20th May 17 10 one of the Com- 
missioners of Excise in England at a salary of ;£8oo 
a year. Her father gave her ;£3000 as her portion, 
and ;^20 as a mark of his afTection. 

Faith Yarburgh, baptized 6th December 1683, never 
married. Her father left her ;^I400 : and she was 
executrix to the will of her brother Blagge Yarburgh. 
She made her will 25th May 1758, giving ;^5 to the 
poor of Snaith, and ;^5 to the poor of St. Saviour's, 
York, ' and to ye old mades of Bowdam Barr Hospitale, 
ten genneys : to my cosen Mrs. Best ten genneys 
and my smolest diamond ring : and to her daughter 
Rose thirty genneys, and my watch with ye pickture 
in ye middle, and my earings with ye green drops to 
them. To Mrs. Smith's daughters a pare of sillver 
candlesticks and caudle cup and gold watch that their 
Aunt Dawney gave to me. To ye Infirmary in this 
toune ;^50, to ye two Charity Schools for girls and 
boys ;^20.' She was buried at St. Saviour's Church 8th 
June 1760, and her will was proved the following day. 


Margaret Yarburgh, whose baptism cannot be found, 
was the second daughter, and in 1707 wife of Giles 
Cutting, Esq. Her marriage portion was ;^2000. 

Henrietta Maria Yarburgh, baptized 8th October 
1667, was maid-of-honour to Queen Catherine and 
afterwards to Queen Mary. Her father gave her 
a portion of ;^6ooo and she married at Snaith, 29th 
March 1688, Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, Bart., who died 
in 1722. (VVhitaker Richmondshire, vol. ii. p. 322.) 
Of her eight children, Anne was maid-of-honour to 
Queen Anne, and Henrietta Maud was living, 
unmarried, in 1756. Lady Wyvill died 15th August 
1 738. aged sixty-nine, and was buried on the 17th 
August, in the chancel of St. Laurence, York. 

James Yarburgh, Esquire (eldest son of Sir Thomas 
Yarburgh), was godson of King James 11., and one of the 
royal pages, and was aged eighteen months, 14th September 
1665. He became lieutenant-colonel of horse, and aide-de- 
camp to the great Duke of Marlborough. On the 31st October 
1692 he had licence to marry Ann, elder daughter and co-heir 
of Thomas Hesketh, Esq., of Heslington, by Margaret, 
daughter of John Calverley, Esq., of Eryholme, county 
Yorks and of Littleburne, County Palatine of Durham : 
eventually sole heir to his brother Sir Henry Calverley, 
knight. The younger daughter, Mary, baptized 8th October 
1678 : married, 12th September 1693, Fairfax Norcliffe, Esq., 
Colonel of Horse, High Sheriff of Yorkshire in the years 1700 
and 1715, and was buried in Ripon Minster 17th November 
1739- (Burke's Commoners, vol. ii. p. 631.) 


After this marriage the Hall at Snaith was deserted, as 
Balne Hall had been previously ; and Colonel Yarburgh, 
on the death of their father, 8th January 1707-8, went to 
live at Heslington, but these ladies continued as joint tenants 
of the manor and main estate ; and it was not till the year 
1793, that a partition was made, when Henry Yarburgh, 
Esq., purchased some considerable portion of the share 
which fell to him from his cousin, Thomas Norcliffe, Esq., 
captain in the army and lieutenant-colonel-commandant of 
the York volunteers. 

Sir Thomas Yarburgh assigned lands in Balne, Wormsley, 
and divers townships adjoining for his son's immediate 
maintenance to the value of ;^400 a year, and gave him /J600 
a year in reversion. He appears as Lord of the Manor of 
Snaith and Cowick by lease from the Crown at the court 
holden 5th February 1730-1. Mrs. Yarburgh was born 2nd 
of April and baptized 8th April 1676, died the 19th May 
17 18, and was buried next day at St. Laurence, York, a week 
after her confinement. She is described on her gravestone 
as * a woman excellent in all the dutyes of life, whether we 
regard her as a Christian, a wife, a parent, or a friend. 
Of whom the world was not worthy.' Her husband, by 
will 15th March 1523-4, desired to be buried with her, and 
no inscription to be placed on his stone : and was buried 
there 9th March 1 730-1. He gave his daughter Ann his 
white japanned cabinet ; his son Henry the chest of drawers 
in his bedchamber ; his son James his ' scrutere ' ; his son 
Hesketh the ' scrutere ' in his closet ; to his son Charles the 
' burroy ' in his closet ; and desired that the cabinet in 
the great dining-room (which had probably been a present 


from the Duchess of York to his mother on her marriage) 
to remain in the house as an heirloom for ever. There are 
two portraits of Colonel Yarburgh at Heslington. 
He had twelve children : 

Thomas Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 

Henry Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 

Hesketh Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 

Charles Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 

James Yarburgh, born 22nd October, and baptized 
7th November 1698, and was buried 3rd November 
1699 at St. Laurence. 

Edward Yarburgh, baptized 13th February 1699 at 
Holy Trinity, Goodramgate, was buried 20th March 
following at St. Laurence. 

James Yarburgh, baptized 27th October 1702 at 
Holy Trinity, Goodramgate, died unmarried 3rd 
April, and was buried 5th April 1740 at St. Laurence. 
His will is dated 28th February 1739-40 at St. 
Laurence, and was proved 15th September 1740. 

Nicholas Yarburgh, baptized at St. Michael le Belfry 
23rd June 1704, died 6th September, buried at St. 
Laurence 28th September 1716, aged 12. M. I. 

Henrietta Maria, first child, was born and baptized 
(at St. Laurence, York) 13th October 1693, and 
married there, 14th January 171 8-9, John Vanburgh 
of Castle Howard, Esq., celebrated as a dramatist 
and architect, who was afterwards made a knight, 
Clarencieux king of arms, and comptroller of his 
Majesty's works. Blenheim and Castle Howard 


are his best known works, and from his design were 
built Duncombe Park and Robin Hood's Well, near 
Doncaster. {South Yorkshire, vol. ii. p. 488- See Lives 
of Eminent Englishmen, p. 382 ; Queens of Society, 
pp. 40, 41.) They had only one son Charles, an 
ensign in the army, who died in 1745 from wounds 
received at the battle of Tournay. 

Lady Vanburgh, who was left a widow 25th March 
1726, appears to have been joint Lady of the Manor 
of Snaith i6th April 1731, and died 22nd April 1767, 
aged eighty-six. Her will bears date 15th June 

Ann Margaret Yarburgh, baptized at St. Michael 
le Belfry, 5th December 1705, buried at St. 
Laurence, 20th December 1715. 

Rosamond Yarburgh, born 7th January 1707, and 
died the 15th August, and was buried at St. 
Laurence 17th August 1722, aged 14. M. L 

Ann Yarburgh, ^orn 13th May 1718, being Easter 
Day, and baptized loth May following, was living 
i6th April 1731, as Lady of the Manor of Snaith, which 
came to her by her father's will. She had also lands 
called Swailes between Balne and Pollington, formerly 
a rabbit warren, and lands in Balne and Heslington. 
She died unmarried at Whitehall in March 1738. 

Thomas Yarburgh (son and heir of James Yarburgh) 
succeeded to estates settled on him. His father cut him off 
with a shilling, ' he having very unhandsomely disposed of 
himself in marriage without consulting me.' He was born 


1st of February and baptized i6th February 1696-7, is 
described as of Sandhutton 15th November 1722, made his 
will 6th March 1740-1, and was buried loth December 1741 
at Laurence. His wife Ann was the daughter of the Rev. 
Thomas Thwaites. She was buried at St. Laurence 27th 
March 1753, aged sixty-one. Her will bears date 29th 
December 1752. 

(The union of the family of Yerburgh with that of 
Thwaites has certainly had a very different effect at the end 
of the nineteenth century.) 

Henry Yarburgh (succeeded his brother Thomas 
Yarburgh). He was born on St. Bartholomew's Day, 24th 
August, and baptized at Holy Trinity, Goodramgate, 4th 
September 1707. His father gave him half VVinthorpe and 
Yarburgh in the county of Lincoln ; and he appears as Lord 
of the Manor of Snaith and Cowick, 4th May 1732. His 
will is dated 12th January 1746-7, and he was buried at 
St. Laurence the i6th of January following, unmarried : he 
was succeeded by his brother, 

Hesketh Yarburgh, born 26th May, baptized 8th of 
June 1 7 14. He had a house and garth at Hay ton, by the 
will of his grandfather's cousin-german Mary Hesketh of 
York, spinster, dated 25th September 17 15, was buried 
15th May 1754 at St. Laurence, unmarried. Administration 
was granted 25th February 1758. He was succeeded by his 

Charles Yarburgh, eleventh child, but sole surviving son. 
He was born loth May 17 16, and baptized the same day at 


St. Michael-le-Belfry. He was scholar of University College, 
Oxford, of which his cousin Francis Yarburgh of Campsall 
was then Fellow : he took his degree of M.A. in 174 1. He 
died 6th August, and was buried loth of August 1789 at St. 
Laurence. (I do not propose to give such full details of the 
subsequent descents as they can be found in any peerage 
under the head of Deramore.) He married, first, Mary, 
daughter of Sylvanus Grififin of Worksworth, co. Derby. 
She died 26th November 1757, aged forty. M. I., St. 
Laurence, York. She had issue : 

Henry Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 

James Yarburgh, baptized nth September 1754, 
buried i6th October 1757. 

Mary Yarburgh, baptized 22nd June 1751, married, 
22nd August 1782, to the Rev. William Coates, M.A., 
died s.p. 29th April 1835, aged eighty-four. 

Faith Yarburgh. 

Anne Yarburgh. 

Charles Yarburgh married, secondly, Sarah, daughter 
of Sylvanus Griffin of Worksworth, and died 6th August 
1789, aged seventy-three, and having had issue by her : 

Charles Yarburgh, baptized 15th October 1762, 
entered the Navy 1779, on board the Britannia, 
and afterwards served in the Nero which sailed for 
the East Indies, where he died in 1781. 

Nicholas Edmund Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 

Judith Yarburgh 1,. , • 1 

•^ Mied unmarried. 

Rosamond YarburghJ 


Faith Yarburgh died 30th December 1782, un- 
married. M. I. 

Henrietta Maria Yarburgh, died nth July 1788, 

Sarah Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 

Henry Yarburgh (eldest son of Charles Yarburgh by 
his first marriage) was of Heslington, formerly Captain of 
the 20th Light Dragoons, baptized 29th March 1748, 
married Anne, daughter of Henry Agar of Canterbury : 
he died 28th of October 1825, aged seventy-six. She died 
s.p. 14th February 1817. He was succeeded by his half 

Nicholas Edmund Yarburgh of Heslington, born 
February 1771, D.L. for that riding and Major 3rd Provisional 
Militia, succeeded his brother 28th October 1825, High Sherifif, 
county York, in 1836, died 6th August 1852. He was a 
well-known sportsman, and owner of many good racehorses, 
of whom the best was Charles xii. who ran in dead heat 
with Euclid for the St. Leger. He was the last male repre- 
sentative of the line of Yarburghs who came to Yorkshire, 
circa 1600. Edmund Yarburgh of Balne Hall, who died 
1 63 1, being the first of the Lincolnshire Yarburghs who settled 
in Yorkshire : he was a younger son of a younger son, and 
his grandfather was also a younger son of Charles Yarburgh 
of Yarburgh. On his death the representation of this branch 
of the family devolved on his sister, 

Sarah Yarburgh, married ist August 1782, John Greame, 
Esq., of Sewerby House, East Riding, co. York, and 
died 2ist October 1785, leaving issue : 


Yarburgh Greame (heir to his uncle, Nicholas Edmund 
Yarburgh) . 

Alicia Greame, who married, 17th May 1810, George 
Lloyd of Stockton Hall, co. York, of whom here- 

Yarburgh Greame of Sewerby House, East Riding, 
Yorkshire, who assumed the surname and arms of Yarburgh, 
High Sheriff of Yorkshire 1848, died 26th January 1856, 
aged seventy, s.p. He was succeeded by his sister, 

Alicia Maria (daughter of Sarah Yarburgh by John 
Greame). She died 3rd January 1867, aged eighty-three, 
having married George Lloyd of Stockton Hall, near York, 
eldest son of George Lloyd of Manchester, barrister-at-law, 
who was born 21st May 1787, and married 17th May 18 10, 
and died 12th March 1863. By him she had issue, with 
other children (for particulars of whom see Burke's Landed 
Gentry, Lloyd of Stockton Hall) . 

George John (Lloyd) Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 
Yarburgh Gamaliel Lloyd Greame of Sewerby 

Henry Lloyd in Holy Orders. 
Edward Lloyd of Lingcroft, near York. 

George John Lloyd Yarburgh of Heslington, co. 
York, J. P., born 28th July 181 1, married, 23rd July 1840, 
Mary Antonia, third daughter of Samuel Chetham Hilton 
of Pennington Hall, county Lancaster, by Martha his wife, 
daughter of Samuel Clowes, Esq., of Broughton Hall, and had 
issue : 


Mary Elizabeth Bateson de Yarburgh of Hesllngton, 
married, 1862, George William Bateson, afterwards 
second Lord Deramore : she died October 1884, 
and had issue : 

Robert Wilfred Bateson de Yarburgh, of whom hereafter. 
George Nicholas Bateson de Yarburgh, born 25th 

November 1870. 
Mary Lilia. 
Katharine Hilda. 

Susan Anne Yarburgh, 25th January 1865, married 
Charles, eldest son of Rev. Thomas Lethbridge of 
Combe Flory Somerset, and had issue (see Leth- 
bridge, Bart.). 

Sir Robert Wilfrid de Yarburgh Bateson, third 
Lord Deramore of Belvoir Park Down — a baronet, D.L., 
Captain of the Yorkshire Hussars, born 1865, succeeded his 
father as third baron 1893, married, 15th July 1897, Lucy, 
daughter of W. K. Fife of Lee Hall, Northumberland. 



19 Edward hi. — Part IIL 
Membranes is and 14 
Exemplification at the request of the abbot of Louth Park, inquisi- 1345- 

, ■ r 11 Nov. 20, 

tion as foUowS : Westminster. 

Examination of John de Brynkhill, Ralph de Riddeford, Robert 
de Yerdeburgh the younger, Constance, late the wife of Henry le 
\^avasour, Alice de Stircheslay, Adam Trewe of Alvyngham, William 
Dase of Louth, William Punchard of Louth, Ingelram de Tathewell of 
Louth, the abbot of Louth Park, and brothers John de Hotoft and 
Richard de Yerdeburgh, his fellow-monks, made at York by Hugh de 
Hastynges, Richard de Aldeburgh, John de Styrcheslay and William 
Basset, justices appointed for this, associated with Roger de Baukwell, 
on Wednesday after St. Matthias, in the nineteenth year of the king, 
to this effect : the king by letters patent, dated 20th January, in his 
eighteenth year, showed to the justices aforesaid that it had lately been 
agreed between Henry le Vavasour, ' chivaler,' since deceased, and the 
abbot that the latter should increase the number of his convent by ten 
monks to celebrate divine service in the abbey for ever for the soul of the 
said Henry, and that Henry, while sound of mind, by his deed granted 
in fee to John de Brynkhull, Ralph de Riddeford, Robert de Yerburgh 
the younger, Adam Trewe of Alvyngham, the abbot and his fellow- 
monks John de Hotoft and Richard de Yerdeburgh, Constance, the 
grantor's wife, Alice de Styrcheslay, William Dase of Louth, William 
Punchard of Louth, and Ingelram de Tathewell of Louth, then present, 
the manor of Cokeryngton, co. Lincoln, and made the same John de 
Brynkhull, Ralph, Robert and Adam swear on the Holy Gospels that 



when they should be in seisin of the manor and had obtained the 
necessary Hcences from the king and others of whom the manor was 
held, they would assign the manor as above, but that some persons 
now assert that the abbot and others forged the deed after the death 
of Henry and sealed it fraudulently by setting the dead man's hand to 
the same ; and appointed them to find the truth herein. Also he 
commanded the sheriff of the said county, and the sheriffs of the 
counties of York and Nottingham to warn the same persons to attend 
before them when summoned. The justices thereupon commanded 
the sheriff of York to have the parties before them at Pontefract on 
20th February last, and they came not ; and the sheriff returns that 
he summoned them by Thomas de Egburgh, bailiff of the liberty of 
Osgodcrosse, who answers that Constance made mainprise by John 
le Serjaunt and Henry Belle, and Alice mainprise by John Fox and 
Adam Sompter, therefore these are in mercy ; and of the said John 
de Brynkhull and the others the sheriff returned that they have 
nothing in his bailiwick whereby they can be attached, but that they 
have in the county of Lincoln. Therefore he is commanded to dis- 
train Constance and Alice by their lands and goods and have their 
bodies before the justice at Burghbrigg, on Thursday, the feast of St. 
Matthias. Likewise the sheriff of Lincoln is commanded to have the 
others before them on that day. At which day Constance and the 
others came not. And the sheriff returns that he commanded 
Thomas de Egburgh, etc., who answers that Constance is distrained 
by chattels worth 20s. and the mainprise of John Pye, Adam Fox, 
William Snell and Henry Stor. 

Therefore these are in mercy. The sheriff returns also that 
Constance has nothing elsewhere in his bailwick and Alice has nothing 
there whereby she can be distrained. 

And the sheriff of Lincoln did nothing nor did he return the writ. 
Wherefore an alias writ is sent to him to have the said John and the 
others before the justices at York on the Wednesday after St. Matthias. 
And an alias writ is sent to the sheriff of York to distrain Constance 
and Ahce and to have their bodies before them at the same day and 
place. At which day the said John and others come, and are sworn 
on the Holy Gospels and examined. 

John de Brynkhill sworn and examined says that Henry le Vavasour, 


' chivaler,' of his own accord caused himself to be taken from his 
manor of Cokeryngton to the Abbey of Louth Park in a covered cart 
and sent for him, who came to him at the Abbey on Saturday, the 
feast of St. Andrew, 16 Edward in., about the ninth hour and found 
him in a chamber sitting in bed clothed in a dark tunic {nigri tannei 
colons) ; and Henry said to him, ' You are welcome, John,' and called his 
chamberlain and made him bring a deed written but not yet sealed ; 
and Henry made the said John sit down before his bed in a chair and 
had the deed read to him, wherein it was contained that the said 
Henry granted the manor of Cokeryngton to him and those named 
above and many others, and Henry had the deed sealed before him 
by the said Robert de Yerdeburgh, then his steward of the manor, 
Constance bringing for this a girdle with his seal. And Henry made 
William Dase of Louth, William Punchard and Ingelram de Tathewell 
his attorneys by his writing, which he caused to be sealed there by 
the said Robert, to make hvery of seisin of the manor ; and he made 
the said John, and Robert and Adam swear on the Holy Gospels that 
they would enfeoff the said abbot and his successors of the manor to 
find ten more monks to celebrate divine service for ever in the abbey 
for the souls of him and his ancestors and his wife, and charged his said 
attorneys to go quickly to dehver seisin, being of good and sound 
memory and speaking to them clearly : and he charged the same John 
to proceed quickly to fulfil the business, who went out immediately 
with the others, and came to the manor and with Robert and Adam 
received seisin thereof from the said attorneys on the same day 
immediately after noon, and afterward they disposed the reeve and 
the other ministers whom they found there and hired the ' hyne ' anew : 
the same John, Robert and Adam staj^ng the night at the manor : 
and in the morning before the first hour they took the attornment of 
the free tenants, to wit thirty-seven, and John went back to the 
abbey before the ninth hour on the Sunday, and asked several persons 
how Henry was, and was told that he was already dead as between 
the third and ninth hour, and this was commonly said, and is the 
truth as he beheves. 

Ralph de Riddeford sworn and examined says that on Friday, 
the vigil of St. Andrew, 16 Edward iii., he came to the chamber of the 
said Henry in the abbey and found him sitting in his bed, being of 


good and sound memoiy, who told the said Ralph that he would in 
a short time make him a rich man, for he would enfeoff him with 
John de Brynkhill, Robert de Yerdeburgh, and Adam Trewe of his 
manor of Cokeryngton, and he asked him to enfeoff the abbot of Louth 
Park and his successors for ever of the manor for the augmentation of 
divine worship in the abbey, but he asking leave of Henry went away 
immediately and was not present at the sealing of the deed of 
feoffment, but he came on the Sunday, in the morning, to the manor 
when several tenants freely attorned to him and the other feoffees, 
and he says again that Henry was of good memory up to the point of 
his death, which took place on that Sunday as between the third and 
sixth hour. 

Robert de Yerdeburgh the younger, sworn and examined, says that 
on Thursday before St. Andrew, i6 Edward iii., he went to the abbey 
of Louth Park to have speech with Henry le Vavasour, whose steward 
at Cokeryngton he was, who was lying there sick, and with Constance, 
wife of the said Henry, whom he had met on the way, came to the 
chamber of Henry who said to him, ' Welcome, Robert,' and after 
speech between them he went away and came back on Friday in the 
morning, and Henry said to him, ' I have now disposed to enfeoff you, 
John de Brynkhill, Ralph de Riddeford and Adam Trewe of 
Alvyngham of my manor of Cokeryngton that you may enfeoff the 
abbot of Louth Park thereof, for the augmentation of the abbey by 
ten monks to celebrate divine service there for the souls of me and my 
wife and my ancestors and successors for ever. I will, however, 
that you grant to me and Constance, my wife, and Roger, our 
son, a rent of loo marks yearly for hfe, provided that after my 
death and the death of my wife, the said Roger shall have 20 marks 
yearly only for his Hfe, and in case of any of my heirs presume to 
dispute this my ordinance, I will make a quit-claim to John de Rithre, 
knight, and his heirs of all the lands which he holds of me for life, 
which you can sell to maintain a plea, and so my heirs shall lose both 
one and the other. And I will that the abbot make me an obhgation 
of £1000 to be paid if he do not fulfil this my will within two years. 
Wherefore I will that you go and order these things with the counsel 
of the abbot.' And Robert withdrew and did so. And afterwards, 
on St. Andrew, Henry, about the ninth hour, sitting in bed, caused to 


be called before him the said John, Adam Trewe and Robert himself, 
\\dth several others, he being of good and sound memory, and caused 
the said deed to be read and a letter of attorney made to William 
Punchard, Wilham Dase and Ingelram de Tathewell for delivery of 
seisin of the manor in form aforesaid, and made him seal the deed and 
letter, the said Constance bringing a girdle with the seal of the said 
Henry, and the abbot sealed the obhgation of £1000 and Constance 
took it. And Henry made him, John de Brynkhill, and Adam swear 
to fulfil the promises faithfully, and charged them to be quick about 
it, Constance also asking the same, who going away took seisin of the 
manor by hvery of the attorneys long before sunset, and staying the 
night there, in the morning took the attornment of all the free tenants 
then appearing. And Robert returning to the abbey the same 
Sunday, at the sixth hour, found Henry dead, he having then died 
within the space of one hour {leiice) as Constance asserted. 

Constance, late wife of Henry le \^avasour, sworn and examined, 
says that the doctor of the said Henry, Master Robert by name, coun- 
selled him to go to the abbey of Louth Park, because he would recover 
more quickly, and so freely on Wednesday before St. Andrew, 16 
Edward iii., he had himself taken there in a covered iron cart ; but 
from the Thursday to the time of his death he was not in his right 
mind. She says also that she did not know that any deeds or charter 
had been made or sealed, except only that on the Saturday imme- 
diately after dinner in the presence of the said Henry as he sat in bed 
saying nothing but absolutely silent, some deeds were sealed with his 
seal ; what they were she knew not but she believed they were deeds 
made for her advantage, to wit that she should be enfeoffed of a moiety 
of the manor of Cokeryngton. 

Asked whether she had any obligation of £1000 sealed by the 
abbot, she says she does not know. She says, however, that Henry 
died about sunrise on the Sunday. 

Alice de Styrcheslay, sworn and examined, says that she was 
servant to Henry le Vavasour in his chamber, and when she was standing 
before the fireplace in the chamber of the abbey, sad on account of 
the sickness of her master, on Saturday, the feast of St. Andrew, 16 
Edward iii., as the said Henry sat in his bed, clothed in a tunic, some 
deeds were written and read through before him, the abbot, several 


of his monks, John de Brynkhill, Robert de Yerdeburgh the younger, 
the said Henry's steward in those parts, and several others standing 
by, brother Richard de Yerdeburgh heating at the fire by her the wax 
with which they sealed the deeds mth the seal of the said Henry, 
and Constance, his wife, supplying the girdle with the said seal to 
Robert de Yerdeburgh and understanding all that was being done if 
she would, but she herself did not hear Henry say anything, although 
he quite understood what was being done and could have spoken to 
them if he would. But Alice herself was not entirely attending to them 
and did not know what was in the deeds ; and about midnight she 
sought of Henry whether he would have the sacrament of extreme 
unction, and he besought Constance to ask the abbot for that and she 
did so. And Alice says that she sat by him from that time until he 
died, having her cheek against his cheek, and she says that he died 
on the Sunday following about sunrise, and that he was always of good 
memory and speaking plainly up to the point of death. 

Adam Trewe of Alvyngham, sworn and examined, says that the 
abbot of Louth Park sent for him and he came to the abbey on the said 
Saturday, the feast of St. Andrew, about the ninth hour, and came 
into the chamber of Henry le Vavasour and talked with him, there 
being present John de Brynkhill, Robert de Yerdeburgh and several 
others, and Henry set before them his wish to augment divine service 
in the abbey (as above), and the said Henry made him swear to enfeoff 
the abbot of the said manor, sitting in his bed in some black clothes, 
and caused a charter to be read through before him and sealed, which 
testifies to the same, and he understood that charter, Constance, his 
wife, being then present. And he heard the said Henry charge 
William Dase, William Punchard, and Ingelram de Tathewell, whom 
he had appointed as his attorneys to deliver seisin, to be quick about 
the business, but to see that they did not deliver to the feoffees seisin 
of the mill, which he recovered from the prior of Alvyngham or lands 
arising by escheat, and Adam did not beheve that he was dying of that 
sickness. And Constance inquired of him his name, and when he said, 
' Adam Trewe,' she added, ' May God will that you be according to the 
signification of your name,' and so he went away with the others, 
and came to Cokeryngton, and took seisin of the manor with the other 
feoffees before sunset, passing the night there, and he believes that 


Henry lived until between the third and sixth hour of the Sunday 

William Dase of Louth, sworn and examined, says that Henry le 
Vavasour had himself taken to the abbey, and that he came to the 
abbey on the said day of St. Andrew, and that the abbot showed 
him that the said Henry wished to augment the abbey by ten monks, 
of his liberality and for their support ordained to give them the manor 
of Cokeryngton ; that the same day before noon he came into the 
chamber of the said Henry, while the abbot and several of his monks 
were standing round his bed, and likewise Alice de Styrcheslay and 
two daughters of the said Henry, John de Brynkhill and Robert de 
Yerdeburgh standing there, and bending on his knee saluted him, who 
bade him rise or otherwise he would not talk with him, the said Henry 
sitting there clothed and of good memory, and instantly requiring him 
to go with William Punchard and Ingelram de Tathewell to Cokeryng- 
ton and deliver in his behalf seisin of the manor to John de Brynkhill, 
Ralph de Riddeford, Robert de Yerdeburgh and Adam Trewe ; and he 
asked of him where the deed and letter of attorney were, and Robert 
de Yerdeburgh took these out of a box and read them before the said 
Henry, and this done he on the verbal order of Henry went imme- 
diately to the manor and the same day delivered seisin thereof to John 
de Brynkhill, Robert de Yerdeburgh and Adam Trewe before sunset, 
and returned to the abbey still in daylight ; and he says that Henry 
lived until the third hour of the Sunday. 

WilUam Punchard, sworn and examined, says that he came to the 
abbey on St. Andrew, 16 Edward iii., and dined there and imme- 
diately after dinner he and William Dase went into the chamber of 
the said Henry and saw him sitting in bed, clothed, and with William 
Dase, he bent his knee before him : the said Henry told him to rise, 
the abbot of Louth Park, Constance, wife of the said Henry, and John 
de Brynkhill standing by, and upon this came Robert de Yerdeburgh 
and took three deeds from a box and read them before Henry, then 
being of good and sound memory, and rendered thanks to him for 
having been his surety at Lincoln, and asked him to go with the others 
to Cockeryngton for hvery of seisin of the manor, etc. (as above). 
He says that he knows not at what time Henry died. 


Ingelram de Tathewell, sworn and examined, says that ' le Pledur- 
man ' came to him at his house, and told him to come and speak to 
the abbot of Louth Park, and he went to the abbey on the said day 
of St. Andrew, and so soon as he had dined Henry le Vavasour sent 
for him, and coming to his chamber he found there several standing 
round the bed, Henry sitting thereon, clothed, the latter required 
him to go at once with the others to make livery of seisin of the manor 
of Cokeryngton according to the form of the letters of attorney, and 
the said letters and deed of feoffment the said Robert read through 
there, Constance, the wife of Henry, hearing the same in English words, 
and Henry being of good memory, and both Constance and Henry 
often required them to fulfil the business quickly, and so he went and 
delivered seisin and returned to the abbey in clear daylight. And he 
says that he believes that Henry died about the third hour on the 

The abbot of Louth Park, sworn and examined, says that he being 
at the entry of the Bishop of Lincoln and returning to his abbey Henry 
le Vavasour sent for him, and he went to him at his manor of Cokeryng- 
ton, and he said to the abbot that he wished to show him his life. And 
when he had done this, he laid before the abbot that on account of 
the great affection which he had for the abbey, for the safety of his 
soul, he wished to increase the divine cult in the abbey by ten monks 
to celebrate divine service for the souls of him, his ancestors and 
successors, and his wife, and for the sustenance of the monks he ordained 
that two men on his part and two men on the abbot's part should be 
enfeoffed thereof, and should grant to him and Constance, his wife, 
who heard all this, and Roger, their son, loo marks yearly for life, 
and after their death the same Roger should have 20 marks yearly for 
life, and that afterwards the said men should enfeoff the abbot of the 
manor with the licence of the king and other chief lords. And he told 
the abbot that he wished to come to the abbey. And the abbot with- 
drew and sent a covered cart for him on Wednesday, before the said 
feast of St. Andrew : and when he got to the abbey Henry descending 
from the cart walked upon his feet to his chamber ; and the abbot 
withdrawing said that he would come at another time, and when Henry 
heard this he sent to him the said Constance, who told him to come 
back again that Henry might not be angered, and Henry Ukewise told 


him to come because perhaps never would he take such a fish in his 
net ; and the abbot by command of the said Henry sent for his counsel, 
and between them they ordered a deed of feoffment and a letter of 
attorney and a writing obligatory of 100 marks. And the abbot made 
to Henry a bond of £1000, which the latter asked for as security that 
he would prosecute the ordinance aforesaid ; and on the Saturday 
directly after dinner, in the chamber of the said Henry, in the 
presence of the said Constance, Alice de Styrcheslay, John de Bryng- 
hill, Robert de Yerdeburgh, Adam Trewe, who with Ralph de 
Riddeford were to enfeoff him of the manor, and William Dase, 
Wilham Punchard and Ingelram de Tathewell, who were the attorneys 
to deliver seisin thereof, the deeds were read through and sealed, the 
said Constance bringing the seal of her husband for this, and he sitting 
in bed clothes and in good memory, and he required those named 
above to be quick about the business, and on their withdrawal 
Constance took the writing obligatory to herself ; and after midnight 
Alice came and knocked at the abbot's window, asking him to come 
and give Henry extreme unction, and he came and Henry received 
him reverently, talking with him in good memory, and when one of the 
monks gave him the said sacrament Henry gave Alice a colt in allow- 
ance of her promotion, and afterwards asked him whether John de 
Brynkhill and the others had taken seisin of the manor, and he said 
' yes,' and Henry said to him, ' O abbot, now you have found me 
faithful according to my promises made to you and your abbey, for 
which I render thanks to God ' ; and he earnestly asked the abbot 
to pray for him, and so the abbot went away and returned in the 
morning about the first hour, and found Henry sitting in a chair 
between the curtain and the bed {in occuUis suis), the said Constance 
showing this to the abbot, and so the abbot withdrew and returned 
at the dinner hour to make Constance take dinner, who showed him 
that Henry was now dead. 

John de Hotoft, fellow-monk of the abbot, sworn and examined, 
says that on the said day of St. Andrew, directly after dinner, he was 
present with the abbot in the chamber of Henry le Vavasour, and saw 
Henry sitting in bed, and heard him asking the bystanders that the 
deed of feoffment of the manor of Cokeryngton should be sealed, 
being John de Brynkhill and several others present: Richard de 


Yerdeburgh, one of the monks, heating the wax for sealing the deed at 
the fire, the said Henry being of good memory and talking rationally 
to those standing by, and Constance bringing the seal of the said Henry : 
and he says that he believes that Henry lived until the sixth hour 
of the Sunday following. 

Richard de Yerdeburgh, fellow-monk of the abbot, sworn and 
examined, says that on the said Saturday, the feast of St. Andrew, 
directly after dinner he came with the abbot to the chamber of Henry 
le Vavasour, and saw him sitting in bed, clothed, and telhng Robert 
de Yerdeburgh to seal the deed of feoffment of the manor of Cokeryng- 
ton and the letter of attorney, with John de Brynkhill and several 
others standing by, and Constance, wife of the said Henry, holding 
out the seal for the purpose, and Henry required William Dase and his 
other attorneys to go at once and dehver seisin of the manor after the 
form of the deed read there, Constance hearing all this, and he says it 
was commonly reported in the abbey that Henry lived, always of 
sound mind, until the third hour of the Sunday following, when he died. 

And to these full examinations the said Hugh de Hastynges and 
Richard de Aldeburgh have set to their seals. 


Writ to the Sheriff of ' Lyndessey ' to summon the knights of that 
county to the Great Council to be held at Westminster on the 
Wednesday next after the feast of the Ascension of the Lord, etc., etc. 
Tested by the king himself at Westminster 9th May, anno regni 
17 (A.D. 1324). 

The list (of about forty) contains the following names : 
Thomas de Wylughby, knight. 
Roger de Tyringham, knight. 
Richard Byron, knight. 
John de Yerdeburgh, knight. 

(Bib. Cott. Claud C. 2, p. 45.) 


Ed. Rex, etc., etc., to the Sheriff of Lincolnshire. 

Order to cause two knights of the county, two citizens of each city, 
and two burgesses of each borough, to be elected to attend our ParHa- 
ment to be held at Westminster, in the Octave of St. Martin's next 

Tested by the king himself at Westminster loth Oct. anno regni 
19 (A.D. 1325). (C'rig- 19 Ed. II.) 

(In dorso.) Responsum Reginald! de Donyngton. V.C. Lincoln. 
' Manucaptores ' (Mainpernors) of Thomas de Wylughby, one of 
the knights elected for the county of Lincoki. 
John Pacok. 
Richard Walsh. 
' Manucaptores ' of John de Yerdeburgh, the other knight elected 
for the county of Lincoln. 

Robert de Maundeville (vile). 
Alan de Maundevile. 
' Manucaptores ' of Alan de Hodelston, one of the citizens, elected 
for the city of Lincoln. 

Robert de Hodelston of Lincoln. 
Adam de Kent of the same. 
' Manucaptores ' of Andrew de Norton, the other citizen elected 
for the city of Lincoln. 

(The rest of the Schedule unfortunately lost.) 

(Orig. 19 Ed. II.) 

E. R. to the Sheriff of Lincolnshire. 

Mandate to cause ' our beloved Thomas de Wylughby and John 
de Yerdeburgh, knights,' each of them to have for his expenses in 
coming to our said Parhament at Westminster, staying there, and 
returning thence ' ad propria,' four pounds for twenty days, to wit- 
to each four shilhngs per diem. 

Tested by the king at Westminster, 5th Dec. 19, Edward 11. 

(Close Rolls, 19 Ed. 11., m 19 d.) 
Said to have had his Writ ' de expensis.' 



Johannes de Yerdeburgh, Member of Parliament for Grimsby 
Borough, 12 and 13 Edward iii. 1338-9. 

WiLLiELMUS Yerdburgh, Member of Parliament for Grimsby 
Borough, 29 Henry vi. 1450. 

Sir Thomas Yarburgh, Member of Parhament for Pontefract 
Borough, I James 11. and 1688. 

Robert Armstrong Yerburgh, Member of Parliament for Chester, 
1886-1906 and 1910 to the present day. 


Amongst the names of the Chancellors of the Duchy and County 
Palatine of Lancaster from the first creation of the dukedom in 1351, 
which is given in Baines's History of Lancashire, I find the name of Sir 
John de Yerborough, knight, who was Chancellor i Richard 11. This 
John de Yerborough can hardly be the same man who is mentioned in 
Appendix B. 


Sir Alfred S. Scott-Gatty, Garter King of Arms, writing to my 
brother, Mr. Robert Yerburgh, on the 29th February 1912, says : 

' I enclose herewith a copy of a piece of evidence recently dis- 
covered. It is interesting inasmuch as it shows that Thomas Yerburgh 
of Alvingham, brother of your ancestor Richard, was chosen as feofee 
by John Whalley who married Ursula, daughter of Charles Yerburgh 
of Kelstern. Moreover, it seems to be in favour of my theory that 
Thomas Yerburgh and Ursula were first cousins, while John Yerburgh 
of Alvingham, nephew of the above Thomas, was a legatee under the 
will of Ursula Hall, the widow of John Whalley.' 



33-4 Henry vin. New Escheats. The lands and tents of John 

[Latin.] One messe with buildings, 60 acres of land, 7 acres of 
meadow, 10 acres of pasture with appurts late in the tenure of Robert 
Whitt lying in the town and fields of Yerburgh afsd., also 4 tents, 4 
cottages, 100 acres of arable land, 30 acres of meadow, and 20 acres of 
pasture with the appurts in Marne Willesby and Wodendby co. afsd., 
and I croft or close called Thorneclose with the appurts lying in 
Yarburgh afsd. of which sometime before the death of John Whalley, 
a certain WilHam Cawood of Louth, and Richard Whalley of Yarburgh 
were seised in their demesne as of fee to the use of sd. John Whalley 
and his heirs, and being so seised by their charter, dated 4 Nov. 25 
Hen. vin. [1533], at the request of sd. John Whalley surrendered, 
dehvered and confirmed all sd. premises to Richard Yerburgh, son and 
heir apparent of Charles Yarburgh, Esq., Charles Yarburgh, son of sd. 
Richard Christofer Yarburgh, Edward Meers, John Newcomen, gent., 
John Cawood, and Wilham Whalley, son of sd. Richard Whalley to 
the use of sd. John Whalley and a certain Ursula Yerburgh, daughter 
of the sd. Charles Yerburgh, Esq., whom sd. John Whalley intended 
to marry (duceret in uxem) and the heirs of their bodies lawfully pro- 
created and for want of issue to remain to the right heirs of sd. John 
Whalley for ever. And being so seised sd. Richard Yerburgh died 
and sd. Charles Yerburgh, Edward Meers, John Newcomen, John 
Cawood, and William Whalley survived him and were seised of sd. 
premises as afsd. (etc.). And sd. land and tents and premises in 
Yarburgh above specified, were held of Charles, Duke of Suffolk, as 
of his soke of Gayton by fealty and suit of court twice a year and rent 
of 30S., and that the 4 tents, 4 cottages, 100 acres of land, 30 acres of 
meadow, 20 acres of pasture with appurts in Marne Willesby and 
Wodendesby were held of sd. Duke of Suffolk as of his manor of Marom 
by fealty and rent of 6s. per annum, also suit of court twice yearly 
as is contained in a certain inquisition held by virtue of a writ of the 
king, dated 31st Aug., 34 Hen. vin. (etc.), and sd. John Whaulley died 
28th Jan., 33 Hen. viii. [1542], and Isabella Whalley is his daughter 
and next heir and aged at the time of the taking of sd. inquisition 5 


years 6 months. Also of one messe lOO acres of arable land, 20 acres 
of meadow, 30 acres of pasture with appurts called le Strawngegarthez 
lying in the townes and fields of Yarburgh and Alvynham co. afsd. 
of which John Whalley some time before his death was seised in his 
demesne as of fee, and being so seised for certain good considerations, 
he by name of John Whalley, gent., gave, granted, and confirmed to 
Robert Wayde, clerk. Rector of Yarburgh, Thomas Yarburgh of 
Aldynham and John Hawkys of same the messe (and land) afsd. in 
tenure of Robert Skynn(er) situate in Yarburgh and Aldyngham afsd. 
to have and hold to the use of sd. Robert Thomas and John, that they 
should before the feast of Corpus Christi next, after the date of sd. 
charter, by their charter sufficient in the law, give and grant sd. 
messes and land to sd. John Whalley and Ursula, his wife, and the 
heirs of their bodies lawfully procreated and for default to the right 
heirs of sd. John Whalley for ever (etc.), and granted same by their 
charter dated 13th July, 33 Hen. viii. [1541] (etc.). Sd. premises in 
Yarburgh were held of sd. Dyke of Suffolk as afsd., and sd. messe and 
premises in Aldyngham were held of the king as of his manor of 
Aldyngham parcel of the lands and tents of the late monastery of 
Aldyngham by soccage, viz., by fealty and rent of 6/8 etc. And of one 
cottage, one garden, 6 acres of pasture with appurts lying in the towns 
and fields of Skitbroke and Marschapell, co. Lincoln, of which sd. John 
Whalley (for a certain sum of money paid by Ktopher Yarburgh) by 
name John Whalley of Yerburgh, co. Lincoln, gent., by his charts, 
dated 20th Sept., 30 Hen. viii., granted and confirmed to sd. Christopher 
Yerburgh sd. (premises) in Skitbroke and Marshechapel for the term 
of the life of sd. Christopher with remainder after his death to the 
right heirs of sd. John Whalley, and 6 acres of pasture in Skitbroke 
are held of the president or custodian of the College of St. Mary 
Magdalen, Oxford, as of his manor of Saltfietby by fealty rent 6d. and 
suit of court of the manor and sd. cottage and garden with the appurts 
in Marshchapell of Martin Hylyard, Esq.. as of his manor of Fulstow 
by fealty and suit of court of the manor twice a year (etc.). 

(Other messes and lands mentioned but no further reference to the 
Yarburgh family.) 



Will of John Whaulley of Yerburgh, Co. Lincoln, 
dated iith july 154i 

[Partly modernised.] My body to be buried in the parish church of 
St. Peter of Yarbryghe before the chauncell door. To Sir Robert Waid 
parson of Yerburghe for tithes forgotten. To our mother church of 
Lincohi for repair of same 2od. To repair of the church of St. Peter 
in Yerburgh 6s. 8d., and of St. Nicholas of Dryby 4od., etc., to ringers, 
etc., godchildren and servants, etc. To the poor of Alvingham 3s. 4d. 
and of Althorpe 2od, and of Covenham 20s. To my brother Willm 
Whalley 2od., etc., the harness over and besides £5 bequeathed to me 
by my father of the £20 that Walter Fyshewyke, his master, had with 
him for his apprenticeship. To my cousyn Waulley of Louth 13s. 4d. 
To my cousyn Richarde Whaulley of Yerburghe 3s. 4d. To Charles 
Whalley of London 3s. 4d. To the sons and daughters of Robert 
Whalley and Willm Cawode, Richard Whalley of Yarburghe, Thomas 
Wlialley, Agnes Fyshewyke and M(ar)garete Mathewe each a yowe 
sheep or in money 2od. To Thomas Gray the boy I brought up for 
godsake one quye. I will that Izabell Whalley, my daughter, shal 
have my best fetherbedd, etc., and to remain in the hands of my 
brother, John Dyon, for use of sd. Izabell, my daughter, until her 
marriage. Residue of my goods to my wiie [not named] and after her 
decease to Izabell, my daughter. My wyffs brethen and sisters 3s. 4d. 
My exors. to buy a marble stone to lye upon my body and to cause the 
image of me, my wife, and our children to be graven and sett in wth a 
sup(er)scriptyon to pray for our souls. One payre of organs to the 
church of Yerbrughe, etc. Ursula, my wyffe, shall have all lands and 
tents in Marny Yerbrughe and Alvingham during her natural life, etc. 
Sir Edmund Tate to celebrate divine service in the parish church of 
Yarbrughe, etc., remainder to Izabell, my daughter, and heirs of her 
body, for default to Willm Whalley, my brother, and heirs of his body, 
for default then all my lands and tents in Assby next Spillesby to 
remain to John Whalley, son of Thomas Walley and heirs of his body 
and residue of my lands and tents to remain to John Dyon and 
Xpofor Yarbrughe, my brethen in lawe, and their heirs for ever to the 


accomplishment of this my will, and if sd. John Whalley, son of Thomas 
Whalley, died without issue, then all my lands and tents afsd. in 
Asby shall remain to Robert Whalley of Louthe and his heirs for ever 
and make Ursula, my wife, Willm Whalley, my brother, and Robert 
Whalley of Louthe my exors. and my father-in-law, Charles Yarbrughe, 
and John Dyon, my sd. brother-in-law, supervisors. 

Witnesses : John Dyon, Xpofer Yarbrughe, Sir Edmund Tate, 
IzabeU Toly, Margaret Dixson. 

Proved 17th May 1542 at Lincoln by Ursula, the relict and exix 
power reserved to the two other exors. 1541-3 — 137- 

Will of Ursula Hall of Yarburgh, Co. Lincoln, 
Widow, dated qth January 1574 

]\Iy body to be buried in the church of Yarburgh beside my 
husband, Whawley. To George Yarburgh, son of Charles Yarburgh, 
one cople of steres. To Suzan Yarburgh, daughter of Brian, 20s. and 
a cow at her years of discretion. To every one of the sons and 
daughters of sd. Charles los. To Thomas Yarburgh, son of Crofer, 20s. 
To Elizabeth, daughter of Brian, a shepe. To Willm Darbie, Robert 
and Anne Darby every of them 20s. at the day of marriage or yeres 
of discretion. To Anne, wife of John Burghe the elder, 20s., and 
Ehzabeth, her sister, wife to David Masco, los. To Mrs. Burgh, my 
aunt, los. To Hagatha, daughter of sd. Mris Burgh, 20s. To Northes, 
wife of Louthe, another of her daughters, los. To Robt. Burges a 
quie of 2 years, etc. To Ursula Tall a quie. To Thomas Graie, my 
man, a stere. To Alice Swane a shepe. To Ursula Greisby, her 
daughter, a shepe. To Ursula Dame, my goddaughter, a yowe lamb. 
To John Yarburgh, son of Willm Yarburgh of Alvingham, a shepe. 
To her godson, Francys Johnson of Yarburghe, a shepe. To 
Elizabeth and Helene, daughters of Thomas Graie, each a shepe. To 
WiUm Frind, my godson, a shepe. To Elizabeth, wife of Crofer 
Mudde, a quie. To John Beswicke, servant to Robt. Ellis, 6s. 8d. 
when of age. To AHce, servant to Thomas Leacheman of Louthe, a 
yowe and lamb. To old Beswicke, wife of Louthe, widowe, a shepe. 
To the mother church of Lincoln I2d. To repair the church of 
Yarburgh I2d. To the pson there for tithes forgotten los. To the 


poor of Yarburgh, and Alvingham bothe Cockerington, Cawthorpe and 
Cona [? Covenham] 20s. To every pore howshold in Yarburgh a peck 
of barley, etc. To my nephue Charles Yarburghes wife my best gowne. 
To my sister Dyon my best damaske kirtle. Residue of my goods 
to Willm Radley whom I make sole exor. I make John Dyon, 
Esq., and my nevy, Charles Yarburghe, supervisors and give to 
each 20s. 

Witnesses : Charles Yarburgh, Thomas Radlaie, EHzabeth 
Yarburghe, Bridget Radley, Cicelie Coope, Margaret Rygald, John 
Jonson pson of Yarburgh, John Fotherbie, Thomas Hill, scriptor. 

Proved at Lincoln 5th April 1575 by the exors. 1575 — i — 276. 

Will of Willm Radley of Yarburgh, Co. Lincoln, Esqr., 
DATED 16 Jan., 12 Jas. i (1614-15) 

My body to be buried in the south quiere of the church of Yarburgh. 
To Lincoln minister i2d. To the church of Yarburgh los. To the 
poor of Yarburgh 20s. and of Alvingham los. To Anne Radley, my 
wife, £200. To my daughter, Anne Radley, £500 to be paid her on 
the day of her marriage or one month after she attains the age of 18 
years, etc., and if she dies before, then £200 thereof to my daughter 
Mussendine, to use of her children, viz. £100 to the use of her daughter, 
Anne Mussendine and £100 to the use of her two younger sons, 
William Mussendine and Edward Mussendine and another £200 to my 
daughter Elhs, to the use of her two daughters Jane and Anne Ellis, 
viz. to each £100. The other £100 to the first child of my son Henry 
Radley. To Anne Radley, my wife, for term of her Hfe all my lands 
and tents, meadows, etc., in Yarburgh and Alvingham afsd. not 
formerly assured to my son Henry or his wife with my dwelling-house 
and all manner of houses and edifices thereto appertaining and after 
her death to Henry Radley and his heirs for ever, etc. To my daughter 
Ehzabeth Mussendine £10 for a piece of plate, and to my daughter, 
Francis Ellis, £10 for a piece of plate. To Anne Mussendine, my 
grandchild, £100 at 18. To Willm Mussendine, my grandchild and 
godson, £100 to be paid into the hands of Wilhn Mussendine, his father, 
to be put forth for his use until he be 20 years of age. To Wilhn Ellis, 
my grandchild and godson, £100 at 18. To Francis Mussendine, my 



grandchild, ;^io a year during his Hfe to be paid him yearly out of my 
lease and prebend of Caistor. To William Simcote, my godson, during 
his hfe £4 a year out of sd. prebend of Caistor if Henry Radley, Anne 
Radley, and Willm Mussendine so long hve. To Edward, Debora, 
and Richard Mussendine, my grandchildren, £40 apiece at age of 20 
years. To Jane and Anne Ellis, my grandchildren, £50 apiece at 18. 
To my brother Simcotes an amblinge graye geldinge bred of a mare of 
Mr. Johnsons, parson of Yarbrough, or £10. To my brother Hayward 
a brace of old angells. To Sir Robert Paine my brother-in-law a 
double duckett and another to my Lady his wife. To my sister Hay- 
ward a brace of angells and my cosen Willm Wesselhead a brace of 
angells. To my brother Richard Smith a brace of angels if he overhve 
me and my nephew Robert Smith an angell. To Robert Bennet 
pson of Yarbrough a brace of angells. To Olive Yarburgh my god- 
daughter 5 marks. To my cosen John Yarburgh my servant during 
his hfe 40s. a year to be paid out of the prebend or psonage of Castor. 
To Elizabeth Yarburgh, daughter of John Yarburgh, 5 markes at day of 
her marriage. To Stephen Yarburgh my godson £5 to put him out an 
apprentice, and another £5 to Charles Yarburgh, son of John Yarburgh 
my cosen, to put him out an apprentice. To my daughter Mary Radley 
my silver tankerd. To my wife Anne Radley my lesser guilt salte and 
the mylne which her mother gave, etc., and the one half of all my 
household goods in my dweUing-houses, saving the brewing vessells 
and the lead which I give to my wife Anne Radley to use during her 
life and leave them ever hereafter for heir looms, etc. To my cosen 
John Newcominge an old angel. To my cosen Willm Yarburgh an old 
angel and to Charles Yarburgh of Louth an old angel. To every one 
of my servants 6s. 8d. Rest of my goods to my son Henry Radley, 
whom I make sole exor. Supervisors my son Willm Mussendine and 
my son George Elhs and to each £10. 

Witnesses: Robt Bennett, Jhon Yarburge, Robert Thomson, 
Wilhn PannelL Proved at Lincoln 31st October 1615 by exor. 




A GOOD many deeds relating to Alvingham and Cockerington were 
recently in the market. My brother, Mr. Robert Yerburgh, tried to 
purchase them, but the ' Rylands Library ' at Manchester had already 
purchased them. These deeds have been abstracted, and the follow- 
ing letter from Sir A. S. Scott-Gatty has been received : — 

College of Arms, E.G., 
May i^th, 1912. 

Yerburgh Pedigree 

My dear Yerburgh,— I have at last received abstracts of the 
Alvingham deeds at Manchester, and am sending you the copy 

You will notice that Thomas Yerburgh of Alvingham occurs 
repeatedly from 1530, when he is a co-trustee with Richard, son of 
Charles Yerburgh of Yerburgh, concerning lands in Alvingham, In 
the deed of 1546 he is described as gentleman, and in 1559 he is 
acquiring land from Ursula Hall, while in 1561 we find him pur- 
chasing land from Dorothy, wife of John Croftes of Cockerington, who 
was a sister and co-heir of Elizabeth Yarburgh and Ollive Horsarde, 
This is the most interesting deed of the batch, as there was probably 
a connection between Horsarde and Yarburgh, for we find Thomas 
Yarburgh acting as supervisor to the will of Richard Horsard of 
Alvingham, 1557, and William Yarburgh acted in a similar capacity 
for another Richard Horsard, also of Alvingham, 1582, while Richard 
Horsard was witness to the wills of Thomas Yarburgh and William 
Yarburgh his brother, 1557, which William was father of John 
Yerburgh of Alvingham in 1576, and was called cousin by Ursula 
Hall, the daughter of Charles Yarburgh, in 1575. Now the mother 
of Charles and wife of Richard Yarburgh was Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas Moyne, and it is quite possible that this Elizabeth had two 
sisters, Olive Horsarde and Dorothy Croftes, and that they held land 
in their own right under their father's will, or a lease for lives. 


Should this be correct, it will account for many things, and 
among them for the cadency mark on the arms in the ^visitation, 
viz. : an annulet for the fifth son, which may come in this order : i. 
Charles; 2. Richard (your ancestor), named after the father; 3. 
William, after the grandfather ; 4. John ; 5. Thomas, possibly after 
Thomas Moyne, the maternal grandfather. In the light of this, the 
entries concerning William Yarburgh of Cockerington, 1490-7, 
probably refer to William Yarburgh of Yarburgh, the grandfather 
of Charles, and the sale of land there in 1535 was doubtless by 
William Yarburgh of Alvingham. I am now hoping to obtain 
further indirect details which will establish this theory, as it is just 
where we have expected the connection to come in. — Yours sincerely, 

A. S. Scott-Gatty, Garter. 

Printed by T. and A. Constable, Printers to His Majesty 
at the Edinburgh University Press