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VOL XVI, 



SOMERSET MEDIEVAL WILLS, 

d383-i5oo.) 



EDITED BY 



THE REV. F. W. WEAVER, M.A., F.S.A., 

Honorary General Secietary of the Somersetshire Archaological 
and Naltiral History Society. 



PRINTED FOR SUBSCRIBERS ONLY 
I9OI. 




(JO 



LONDON: 
HARRISON AND SONS, PRINTERS IN ORDINARY TO HIS MAJESTY, 

ST. MARTIN'S LANE. 



(Record Jtaciefg, 



REPORT FOR 1901. 

DURING 1901 the much belated volumes for 1899, as well as 
that slightly overdue for 1900, were issued to the long-suffering 
subscribers. It is to be hoped that this surfeit of record, as 
being of a very varied character, was not harmful. At all 
events the net number of subscribers has only diminished 
by a very small figure, and now stands at 129. The losses 
by death include Mr. H. D. Skrine, of Claverton (an original 
subscriber), the Bishop of Clifton, and the Rev. G. S. Master, 
of Flax Bourton. A considerable increase in the sale of 
volumes in stock and a new item of income in "interest on 
deposits" has prevented any decrease in the receipts. 

The cost of producing Volumes XIII and XIV was very 
heavy and exceeded the income for 1899 by 16. Per 
contra, Volume XV was issued at a considerable profit, which 
will equalize the accounts for the year before as well as 



VI 



>on'etj> Report. 



those for 1901. The transcription of such a large number 
of Wills has been a very heavy item, and the Society is 
much indebted to the Rev. F. W. Weaver for undertaking 
the editorship of a work involving so much research. 

The volumes for 1902, Pedes Finium 1349-1399 and 
Hopton's Narrative of the Civil War, are already printed, 
and will be issued at an early date. 

Among the payments in the accounts for 1901 appears 
the cost of transcribing the Stoke-under-Hamdon " Extent." 
This is a very interesting account in full detail of the inner 
life of a Somerset manor in the thirteenth century. It forms 
a complement to the Beauchamp Cartulary preserved in the 
Public Record Office. The size of these works, however, 
is hardly sufficient to form a single issue, and it will be 
necessary to find some similar material to make up a homo- 
geneous volume, before it can be issued. 

E. H. BATES. 



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++++++++* - 

Councif. 

THE RIGHT REVEREND BISHOP HOBHOUSE, D.D, 

SIR C. H. MAXWELL LYTE, M.A., K.C.B. 

C. E. H. CHADWYCK-HEALEV, ESQ., K.C. 

E. GREEN, ESQ., F.S.A. 

H. HOBHOUSE, ESQ., M.P. 

REV. CANON HOLMES, M.A. 

J. F. HORNER, ESQ., M.A. 

REV. W. HUNT, M.A. 

REV. E. H. BATES, M.A. (HON. SECRETARY), 



VOLUMES ALREADY ISSUED. 

VOL. 

I. 1887. Bishop Drokensford's Register, 1309-1329. BISHOP 

HOBHOUSE. 
II. 1888. Somerset Chantries. E. GREEN, Esq., F.S.A. 

III. 1889. Kirby's Quest, &c., Somerset. F. H. DICKINSON, 

Esq. 

IV. 1890. Prae-Reformation Churchwardens' Accounts. 

BISHOP HOBHOUSE. 

V. 1891. Custumaria of Glastonbury Abbey, XHIth 

Century. C. J. ELTON, Q.C. 

VI. 1892. Pedes Finium, 1196-1307. E. GREEN, Esq., F.S.A. 
VII. 1893. Two Chartularies of Bath Priory. REV. W. 

HUNT, M.A. 



t&ecortf 



VOL. 

VIII. 1894. Bruton and Montacute Cartularies. SIR C. H. 

MAXWELL LYTE, K.C.B., and CANON HOLMES, M.A. 

IX X. 1895-6. Bishop Ralph of Shrewsbury's Register, 
1329-1363. 2 vols. CANON HOLMES, M.A. 

XI. 1897. Somersetshire Pleas, XHIth Century. C. E. H. 

CHADWYCK-HEALEY, K.C. 

XII. 1898. Pedes Finium, 1308-1348. E. GREEN, Esq., F.S.A. 

XIII. 1899. Registers of Bishop Giffard, 1265-6, and Bishop 

Bowett, 1401-7. CANON HOLMES, M.A. 

XIV. Cartularies of Muchelney and Athelney Abbeys. 

REV. E. H. BATES, M.A. 

XV. 1900. Gerard's Survey of Somerset, 1633. REV. E. H. 
BATES, M.A. 

XVI. 1901. Somerset Wills, XlVth and XVth Centuries. 

REV. F. W. WEAVER, M.A. 

Most of the volumes can still be obtained. For list and price apply to the 

Secretary. 



The following volumes are in preparation : 

XVII. 1902. Pedes Finium, 1349-1400. E. GREEN, Esq., F.S.A. 
(in preparation). 

XVIII. Hopton's Narrative of the Civil War. C. E. H. 

CHADWYCK-HEALEY, K.C. (in preparation). 



of 



ANTIQUARIES, THE SOCIETY OF, Burlington House, W. 
ARCHBOLD, W. A., 5, Madingley Road, Cambridge. 

BADCOCK, H. J., Pitminster, Taunton. 

BAILWARD, T. H. M., Horsington, Templecombe. 

BAKER, E. E., F.S.A., Dunkery, South Road, Weston-super-Mare. 

BATES, REV. E. H.. Puckington Rectory, Ilminster. 

BATH FIELD CLUB, 49, Pulteney Street, Bath. 

BATTEN, H. B., Aldon, Yeovil. 

BENNETT, MRS., 2, Bradmore Road, Oxford. > 

BODLEIAN LIBRARY, THE, Oxford. 

BOSTON, PUBLIC LIBRARY, U.S.A., c/o Kegan Paul, Trench, Triibner 

and Co. 

BRAIKENRIDGE, W. J., 16, Royal Crescent, Bath, 
BRAMBLE, LIEUT. -CoL., Seafield, Weston-super-Mare. 
BRISTOL MUSEUM AND REFERENCE LIBRARY, Queen's Road, Bristol. 
BRITISH MUSEUM LIBRARY, care of Dulau and Co., 37, Soho Square, W. 
BRITTAIN, MRS., Failand Hill, Clifton, Bristol. 
BROADMEAD, W. B., Enmore Park, Bridg water. 
BROOKING-ROWE, D., Castle Barbican, Plympton. 
BUCKLE, E., 23, Bedford Row, W.C. 
BULLER, REV. PREBENDARY, West Monkton, Taunton. 



xii Hfet of 



BURTON, RIGHT REV. DR., Bishop's House, Clifton, Bristol. 
BUSH, T. S., 20, Camden Crescent, Bath. 

CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, Cambridge. 

CARTWRIGHT, REV. H. A., Whitestaunton, Chard. 

CHADWYCK-HEALEY, C. E. H., K.C., New Place, Porlock. 

CHURCH, REV. CANON, Wells, Somerset. 

CLARK, W. S., Street, Glastonbury. 

COLEMAN, REV. PREBENDARY, Vicars' Close, Wells, Somerset. 

COLES, J., JUNR., 6, Keyford Terrace, Frome. 

COLES, REV. V. S. S., Pusey House, Oxford. 

COMMANS, J. E., Macaulay House, Bath. 

CORK AND ORRERY, THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF, Marston, Frome. 

DANIEL, REV. PREBENDARY W. E., Horsington, Tempi ecombe. 

DAUBENY, W., i, Cavendish Crescent, Bath. 

DAVEY, THE RIGHT HON. LORD, 86, Brook Street, London, W. 

DAY, H. C. A., Oriel Lodge, Clevedon. 

DUCKWORTH, REV. W, A., Orchardleigh Park, Frome. 

DYSON, J., Moorlands, Crewkerne. 

ELLIS, REV. J. H., 29, Collingham Gardens, South Kensington, S.W. 
ELWORTHY, F. T., Foxdown, Wellington, Somerset. 
EYRE AND SPOTTISWOODE, 5, Middle New Street, E.C. 

FANE, THE HON. SIR S. B. PONSONBY, G.C.B., Brympton, Yeovil. 

Fox, F. F., Yate House, Yate, R.S.O. 

FOXCROFT, E. T. D., Hinton Charterhouse, Bath. 

FOXCROFT, MRS., Hinton Charterhouse, Bath. 

FRY, THE RIGHT HON. SIR EDWARD, Failand House, Bristol. 

FRY, E. A., 172, Edmund Street, Birmingham. 

FRY, F. J., Cricket St. Thomas, Chard. 

GIBBS, A., Tyntesfield, Nailsea. 

GIBBS, H. M., Barrow Court, Flax Bourton, R.S.O. 

GLASTONBURY ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY, THE, Glastonbury. 



Hfet of 



XUJ 



GRAFTON, REV. PREBENDARY, Vicarage, Castle Gary 
GREEN, E., F.S.A., Devonshire Club, St. James's, S.W. 
GUILDHALL LIBRARY, London, E.C. 

HALL, J. F., Sharcombe, Wells, Somerset. 

HALLETT, T. P. G., Claverton Lodge, Bath. 

HANCOCK, PREB. F., Priory, Dunster, Taunton, 

HARVARD UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, THE, U.S.A.; care of Kegan Paul, 

Trench, Triibner and Co. 

HELLIER, REV. H. G., Nempnett Vicarage, Chew Stoke, Bristol. 
HERRINGHAM, REV. PREBENDARY, Old Cleeve Rectory, Taunton. 
HICKES, REV. T. H. F., Draycot Vicarage, Cheddar. 
HOBHOUSE, THE RIGHT REV. BISHOP, Wells, Somerset. 
HOBHOUSE, MRS. E., Wells. 

HOBHOUSE, H., M.P., Hadspen House, Castle Gary. 
HODGKINSON, W. S., Glencot, Wells, Somerset. 
HOLMES, REV. CANON, East Liberty, Wells, Somerset. 
HONNYWILL, REV. J. E. W., Leigh on Mendip Vicarage, Coleford, Bath. 
HORNER, J. F. F., Mells Park, Frome. 

HOSKYNS, H. W. P., 26, St. Leonard's Terrace, Chelsea, S.W. 
HUDD, A. E., Clinton House, 94, Pembroke Road, Clifton, Bristol. 
HUMPHREYS, A. L., 187, Piccadilly, W. 

HUNT, REV. W., 24, Phillimore Gardens, Campden Hill, Kensington, W. 
HYLTON, LORD, Ammerdown Park, Radstock. 

JENKYNS, REV. J., Durley Rectory, Bishop's Waltham. 
JEX-BLAKE, VERY REV. T. W., The Deanery, Wells. 

KENNION, THE RIGHT REV. DR., BISHOP OF BATH AND WELLS, The Palace, 

Wells, Somerset. 
KING, A. J., 13, Queen's Square, Bath. 

LINCOLN'S INN LIBRARY, London, W t C. 
LONDON LIBRARY, St. James's Square, S.W. 



xiv Ht'jEJt of 



LONG, COL. W., Congresbury, R.S.O., Somerset. 

LUTTRELL, G. F., Dunster Castle, Dunster. 

LYTE, SIR H. MAXWELL, K.C.B., 3, Portman Square, W. 

MARSHALL, J. C., Bartholmey, Crewe. 

MELLIAR FOSTER-MELLIAR, W. M , North Aston, Deddington, Oxon. 

MOGG, W. R., Cholwell House, Temple Cloud, Bristol. 

NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY, c/o B. F. Stevens, 4, Trafalgar Square, W.C. 
NORMAN, DR., 12, Brock Street, Bath, 
NORRIS, H., South Petherton. 

PAGET, SIR R., BART., Cranmore Hall, Shepton Mallet. 

PAYNTER, J. B., Hendford Manor, Yeovil. 

PEARCE, E., Taunton. 

PERCEVAL, C. H. S., Longwitton Hall, Morpeth. 

PHELIPS, W. R., Montacute House, Montacute, S.O. 

POOLE, REV. R. B., Ilton Vicarage, Ilminster. 

PORTMAN, THE RIGHT HON. VISCOUNT, Bryanston House, Blandford, Dorset. 

POYNTON, REV. F. J., Kelston Rectory, Bath. 

PRANKERD, S. D., The Knoll, Sneyd Park, Bristol. 

ROGERS, THE WORSHIPFUL T. E., Yarlington House, Wincanton. 

SCARTH, LEVESON, Elmslea, Cleveland Walk, Bath. 

SHERBORNE SCHOOL LIBRARY, c/o F. Bennett, Parade, Sherborne. 

SKRINE, H. M., Warleigh Manor, Bath. 

SMITH, REV. A. H. A., Lyng Vicarage, Taunton. 

SMITH, REV. PREBENDARY, Brent Knoll Vicarage, Bridgwater. 

SOMERSET ARCH. AND NAT. HIST. SOCIETY, Castle, Taunton. 

SOMERVILLE, A. F., Dinder, Wells, Somerset. 

STOATE, W., Ashleigh, Burnham, Somerset. 



Uts't of Subscribers. xv 



STRACHEY, SIR E., BART., M.P., Button Court, Pensford, Bristol. 

SULLY, T. N., Avalon House, Priory Road, Tyndalls Park, Clifton, Bristol. 

THATCHER, A. A., Midsomer Norton, Bath. 

THATCHER, E. J., Fairfield House, Knowle, Bristol. 

THOMPSON, REV. A., Montrose, Weston Park, Bath. 

TITE, C, Rosemount, Taunton. 

TRASK, C., Courtfield, Norton, Stoke-sub-Hamdon, S.O. 

TREVILIAN, E. B. CELY, Midelney Place, Curry Rivel, Taunton. 

VAUGHAN-PRYSE, MRS., Bwlchbychan, Maesycrugiau, R.S.O., South Wales. 

WADHAM COLLEGE LIBRARY, Oxford. 
WARRY, G. D., K.C., 46, Norfolk Square, London, W. 
WATSON, E. J., St. John's Arch, Bristol. 
WATTS, B. H., 13, Queen Square, Bath. 

WEAVER, REV. F. W., F.S.A., Milton Vicarage, Evercreech, Bath. 
WELLS, The Cathedral Library, Somerset. 
WELLS, The Theological College Library, Somerset. 
WERE, F., Gratwicke Hall, Barrow Gurney, Flax Bourton, R.S.O. 
WILLS, SIR W. H., BART., Blagdon, Somerset. 

WINCHESTER, C., c/o A. J. Cambridge and Co., 31, Newgate Street, E.G. 
WINWOOD, REV. H. H., n, Cavendish Crescent, Bath. 
WOOD, F. A., Highfield, Chew Magna, Somerset. 
WOODWARD, Miss, The Knoll, Clevedon. 

WORDSWORTH, THE RIGHT REV. J., LORD BISHOP OF SALISBURY, The 
Palace, Salisbury. [129.] 



Content 0, 



REPORT .... 
BALANCE SHEET . 
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS 
LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS 
PREFACE .... 
SOMERSET WILLS, 1383-1500 
LIST OF TESTATORS . 
INDEX RERUM . 
INDEX NOMINUM 
INDEX LOCORUM. 



PAGE. 

v 

. vii 
ix 
xi 

. xvii 
I 

. 407 
. 411 
. 429 
453 



THE wills, of which abstracts are given in this volume, consist 
of transcripts from original wills, copied into tall thick volumes, 
and preserved at Somerset House. With the exception of book 
Crumwell, the fifty-four earliest registers bear the names of 
the testators whose wills happen to occur first in the respective 
volumes. 

The following is a list of registers from which abstracts have 
been made : 

1. ^SslRous. 7- 1479-86 Logge. 
1452 / 8. 1487-90 Milles. 

2. 1401-23 Marche. 9. H9I-93 Dogett. 

3. 1423-49 Luffenam. 10. 1493-96 Vox. 

4. 1454-62 Stokton. ii. 1496-00 Home. 

5. 1463-68 Godyn. 12. 1500-01 Moone. 

6. 1471-80 Wattys. 

Book " Rous " takes its name from Sir Robert Rous, kt, 
whose will was proved in 1386, and who leaves a bequest to 
Tarrant Abbey, Dorset. Book "Marche" commemorates Richard 
March, of St. Denis, Southampton (will proved 1401) ; while the 
name of a Somerset incumbent is kept green by the third book, 
entitled Luffenam. John Luffenam was " perpetual vicar " of the 
parish church of Curry Rivel from May 19, 1412, till his death 
in 1423. Very many, if not most, of the wills seem to have 
been made on the death-bed. Thus, John Luffenam makes 

c 



XV111 



Preface. 



his will on April 2, 1423, and, according to Somerset Incumbents 
(P- 35 2 )> ms successor was instituted to Curry Rivel on April n 
of the same year. 

A long preface is unnecessary; as the wills speak for 
themselves, and the editor's notes say most of what he wishes 
to comment on. 

The frequent mention of woad implies that the cloth trade 
and its sister, the dyeing trade, were both very flourishing in 
the county during the fifteenth century. 

Sometimes the Index Rerum and Index Locorum supply a 
key to the meaning of a difficult word ; thus, I have ventured to 
index trastellis (p. 190) trestles, and the meaning would be that 
the bed stood on four bluish grey legs. Or again (p. 188), the 
index informs us that Ledubelle Cuppe means " The double 
cup," possibly a cup with two handles ; while (p. 214) the parish 
of Englishcombe is disguised under the form " Inglystonne." 

A word as to the houses of friars in the county, and in 
Bristol. 

Bristol contained all the four orders, and there is one 
reference to Crutched PViars there (p. 329). At Bridgwater the 
Franciscans had a house. Friars Preachers there (p. 142) is an 
error, but the item is unmistakable in the will. 

The Dominicans had a house at Ilchester, and the Carmelites 
one at Taunton. 1 The best list of friars' houses is to be found 
at the end of the first volume of Dr. Gasquet's Henry VIII and 
the English Monasteries. We are able to add one house to that 
list the Franciscan Friars of Haverford East (p. 328). 



1 Mentioned Pat. 15 Ed. Ill (Tanner). Toulmin (History of Taunton} thinks it 
may have been dissolved before H. VIII. There is no mention of it in these wills. 



x x 



It is a pleasure to acknowledge the kindness and help that 
have been rendered me during the somewhat arduous work of 
editing these wills. 

Mr. R. Garraway Rice, F.S.A., has most generously allowed 
me to make use of one of " his best finds." He is engaged on 
most valuable work, chiefly ecclesiological, on wills relating to 
the county of Sussex, and he has been so fortunate as to find, 
in a Sussex will, an " item " which for ever sets at rest the 
vexed question of St. Sonday. 

The will of John Topyn, of Ripe (P.C.C., 4 Vox), dated 
1493, contains a bequest " Imagini sancti dominici vocaf Seint 
Sonday" 

The question as to the identity of St. Sonday has been over 
and over again ventilated in Notes and Queries and else- 
where ; indeed, the present editor, in 1890, suggested that he was 
the same person as St. Dominic (see Wells Wills, p. 31), but 
what he merely suggested, Mr. Rice has now abundantly proved. 

My thanks are also due to Mr. G. S. Fry, of Walthamstow, 
for verifying references at Somerset House, as the distance of 
my home from London prevented me from making very 
frequent visits. My colleague, Canon Mayo, also helped me 
in this way. 

Also to Mr. Hudson, the Assistant Superintendent in the 
Literary Department at Somerset House, who is ever ready 
to help in reading the old writing, which, in many cases, 
where the paper has become rubbed, is exceedingly difficult to 
decipher. 

Also to the Rev. S. J. M. Price, of Discove House, Bruton, 
who went through the proof sheets and made some very valuable 
suggestions thereon. 



xx preface. 

Also to Mr. J. Challenor Smith, F.S.A., especially for help 
in the will of Thomas Broke, p. 401. 

Also to the Rev. W. Warner, student and tutor of Christ 
Church, who helped me to arrange the wills in order of date 
and was kind enough to verify references for me. 

Last, but not least, to my nephew, John Reginald Homer 
Weaver, of Ealing, who has compiled the four elaborate indexes, 
besides assisting me greatly with the proof sheets. 

Others have been thanked from time to time in the 
notes. 

F. W. WEAVER. 

MILTON-CLEVEDON VICARAGE, 
May 1902. 



SOMERSET WILLS. 



1392. THOMAS ALISTON. 

[7 Rous. FO. 51.] 

In the name of God Amen. By the present public 
instrument let it plainly appear that A.D. 1392, 5th December, 
the venerable man Master Thomas Aliston, canon of the 
cathedral churches of Wells, St. David's, and Landaff, as he 
asserted, and also prebendary in the same " in quodam oratorio 
habitacionis sue " which he then inhabited in the city of Wells, of 
sound mind, etc., in the presence of me, the notary public, and 
the witnesses subscribed, made his last will in this form. 

I, Thomas Aliston, canon in the cathedral churches of Wells, 
St. David's and LandalT, and prebendary in the same, on 
Thursday next after the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle, 
A.D. 1392, bequeath, &c. My body to be buried in the chapel of 
St. Katherine, situate in the cloister of Wells, before the image 
of the Blessed Virgin, in the same chapel if it can conveniently 
be done. 

" Pro duabus misis currentibus " to be celebrated for my soul 
every day in the said chapel 22/2'. whilst the said sum lasts. 
One of the masses to be " de die" the others as follow, Sunday 
" de Trinitate" Monday ^ de anglis" Tuesday " de Sco. Thoma 
Martyre" Wednesday " de sancto spiritu" Thursday " de Corpore 

B 



Corner tfet 



Christi" Friday " de sancta cruce, " Saturday " de sancta 
Maria? 

On the day of my burial to be distributed for my soul, to the 
poor, sick and imprisoned 5 marks. To the fabric of the church 
of Schaldeflete in the Isle of Wight 2Os. 

To the fabric of the church of Aldremeneye in the county of 
Kent 2os. 

To the fabric 01 the churches of Wertelyng, Stenynfeld, and 
Hoo, in the county of Southsex, 40^., viz. to each one mark. 

To the fabric of the church of Monte Alto, diocese of 
St. Assaf, 2 marks. 

To the two chapels annexed to the same 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath a gilt chalice with two shields (scutis] on the 
foot of the chalice, one whereof has the arms of Salisbury, and 
the other the arms of the lord de Moham [Mohun], 1 to serve at 
the masses in the chapel where the masses aforesaid shall be 
celebrated. 

To Rowland Bake a silver cup, "formatum ad modum calicis, 
et in smmnitate coopertorii" the letter " E " is inscribed. 

To Robert Haylis my nephew 20 marks. 

To the said Robert a bed, " de blodio" viz., " unum caneuace 
[canvas] j matrace if blanketa duo linthiamina j keuerlite cum 
iij quaternis et j ceel" [canopy] integrum de eadem secta" 

To my said nephew one bed of " Worsted." 

Amongst the poor at Cristin Maleford, Bakelond, and 
Melles 40 s. 

To Robert Lynham i$s. ^d. 

To John Gerneseye living at Shirbourne " j gounam furratam 
de byuer" [beaver] with one noble. 

To Sir William Cressy one " ordinal " " de usu Sarum " with 
a book called "pars oculi" in one and the same volume. 

To Sir John Byllyng a " jornal." 

To Master John Sampson, clerk, of the diocese of St. David's, 
"j vj. librum" with a pair of Clement's Constitutions 3 (clemen- 
tinarum) in one and the same volume. 

1 The Editor's notes are contained in square brackets. 

2 See Prompt. Parv., p. 65 (note 2). 

a " Clementinae constitutions, " see Day-Book of John Dome, Oxford Hist. Soc., 
v, p. 152, 



To John Sly 5 marks. 

To Ridesdale IQOS. 

To Arnald Forme \pr Foune] a horse according to the 
delivery of John Tyntenhull, and 5 marks. 

To Sir John Tyntenhull a breviary (portiforium) with a 
"tabula" made of Flanders work, 40^. (fact de opere 
Flandris xls^). 

All my books, linen, fur, and all my vessels, brass and silver, 
to be sold to satisfy my legatees and creditors. 

I appoint Sir John Tyntynhull, John Rydesdale, and Arnald 
Fonne, my executors. 

William Horsford, clerk, of the diocese of Wells, notary 
public. 

In the presence of Sir Richard Schalke, chaplain, and 
" anuelarius" in the church of Wells, Robert Haylys, " litteratus" 
and John Kyngesbury, of the diocese of Bath and Wells. 

Proved vj kal. March, A.D. 1392. 



1394. RIC. BRICZ. 

[3 ROUS. FO. 23.] 

By William, archbishop of Canterbury, commission for 
Masters Robert Rugge and Ralph Berneys, canons of Wells, to 
commit administration of the goods, &c., of Richard Bricz to the 
executors named in his will. Dated 2Oth September, A.D. 1394. 

[Is this the Richard Brice mentioned in Wells Cath. MSS., pp. 158, 182? 
The dates suit.] 



1398. J. DE SCHYLLYNGFPORD. 

[13 MARCHE. FO. 104.] 

I, John de Schyllyngford, "Celebris Curie Canterburiensis 
minimus advocatus? bequeath, &c., and my body to be buried 
in the chapel of the B. Katherine of the parish church of 
Wydecombe, diocese of Exeter, beside my mother's body. 



&onurdrt 



All my goods I give to my dearest and trusty relative 
(germano) Master Baldwyn de Schyllyngford. If he shall wish 
to bestow anything for the health of the souls of my parents and 
of my soul, let him do it as shall seem best to him. 

I appoint the aforesaid Master Baldwin "fratrem meum" 
sole executor. 

Dated at London on the Morrow of the Annunciation 
A.D. 1398. 

Proved 6th June, A.D. 1407. 

Administration of the goods of the said John de Schillyng- 
ford, canon of Exeter, rector of the parish church of Uggeburgh, 
diocese of Exeter, and Canon (prebendati) of the church of 
Wells, committed to Master Baldwin Schyllyngford, the 
executor named. 



1400. GILES DAUBENY, KNT. 

[5 MARCHE. FO. 34.] 

1st June, A.D. 1400. I, Giles Daubeney, knight, son and heir 
of Giles Daubeney, knight, bequeath, &c., and my body to be 
buried in the porch (in porticu) of the church of Kempston 
[Bedfordshire]. 

Item, to the fabric of the said church 5/2. 

I bequeath 25/2'. for five chaplains to celebrate for one entire 
year. 

To Matilda, my daughter, 40 marks ; to Joan, my daughter, 
40 marks ; to Giles, my son, 40 marks ; to Thomas, my son, 40 
marks ; and to Elizabeth, my daughter, 40 marks. 

The residue of my goods found in my manors of Kemston 
and Ingylby, Southpedirton, Baryngton, Polnam, and Usse, in 
the county of Cornwall, I give to my executors to satisfy all 
men complaining that they have had harm or injury by Giles 
Daubeney, chivaler, my father, and Eleanor, formerly his wife, 
my mother, and by me. 

I appoint Margaret, my wife, Thomas Daubeney, my brother, 
William L) nne, and John Saly, chaplains, my executors. 

Witnesses, John Erlby, John Bate, chaplain, William 
Goldyngton, and Thomas Coke. Dated at Kempston. 



Proved ipth November, A. D. 1403. Administration committed 
to Margaret, relict of the said deceased, and William Daubeney, 
executors named, &c. 



1400. JOHN CHELSEY. 

[i MARCHE. FO. 20.] 

In the name of God, Amen. 

I, John Chelsey, canon of the church of Wells, and rector of 
the parish church of Great Somerford, diocese of Salisbury, on 
Wednesday the feast of St. Thomas the Martyr "infra Natale 
Domini" [Dec. 29], A.D. 1400, make my will in this manner. 
First, I bequeath my soul to God, my Saviour, and my body 
to be buried in the churchyard within the cloister of the 
cathedral church of Wells. 

Item, I bequeath to each of my " confratres? canons and vicars 
of the said church of Wells, present by night at my obsequies 
4^,, and to each of them being present at mass during the day 4</., 
and to each of them present at the closing of my tomb \d. 

Item, I will that five tapers (ceret) be made for my funeral 
each of them weighing two pounds, burning as well at my 
obsequies as at the celebration of the masses. 

Item, to my father lo/z. sterling on condition that my goods 
suffice, &c. 

Item, to the Prior and convent of Bradstoke 40^. under the 
condition aforesaid. 

Item, to the Prior and convent of Hentone, of the Carthusian 
order, 2os. 

To the poor of the parish of Somerford 1 $s. ^d. 

To Sir Robert Burgh my best silver piece (unam peciam 
argenteam melioreiri) with its cover (cooperculo). 

To John Alainson my second best silver piece with its cover 
(cooperculo]. 

The residue of all my goods, &c., I will shall be converted to 
pious uses by the disposition of my executors, whom I make, 
Sir John Alampton and Sir Robert Burgh, perpetual vicars in 
the church of Wells. 

Proved before Master John Perche, Commissary, &c., 5th 



Wtlte. 



August, A.D. 1401. And administration is committed to the 
executors named in the said will, &c. 



1401. THO. TANNER. 

[2 MARCHE.] 

In the name of God, Amen. 

On Wednesday the feast of St. Clement the Pope and 
Martyr, A.D. 1401. I, Thomas Tanner, of Wells, in the county 
of Somerset, &c. First, I bequeath my soul to God Almighty 
my Redeemer, the Blessed Mary and all the saints, and my body 
to be buried in the church of St. Cuthbert, Wells, in the chapel of 
the Blessed Mary there under the south window, in a tomb to be 
made anew there in a certain arch (archia) for burying my body 
and that of Isabella, my wife. 

Item, I bequeath for the construction of the aforesaid 
window to be made anew 20/2'. 

Item, I bequeath to eight poor men carrying eight tapers to 
the church of the Blessed Andrew, and to those holding them at 
my obsequies around my body there for the night, and on the 
morrow at the mass, to each of them a new gown with a hood ; 
and that the aforesaid tapers, except one, shall there remain. 

Item, I bequeath to each canon and vicar of the church 
aforesaid, being present at my obsequies at night 4</., and 
to each of them being present on the morrow at the mass 
another ^d. 

Item, 1 bequeath to the altarists, " tabtilarii" 1 and choristers of 
the church aforesaid, to each of them id. 

Item, I bequeath to the Sacristan of the same church for 
ringing the bells 2s. 

Item, to eight other poor men bearing eight other tapers 
from the church of St. Andrew aforesaid to the church of St. 
Cuthbert, of Wells, around my body at night and at the mass 
on the morrow a new gown with a hood, and that the aforesaid 
tapers shall remain there for the use of the same church to serve 
the divine offices. 

1 ALTARISTA, sacellanus ; pretre qui dessert un autel, desservant, vicaire. 
TABULARIUS, administrateur des biens de 1'Eglise. (Ducange.) 



Cannet. 



Item, I bequeath to Sir Walter Hamme, vicar of the same 
church for my tithes forgotten, in satisfaction of the same, 
beyond all things due to me by him, 40^. 

Item, to the vicar aforesaid, and to every chaplain serving 
in the church aforesaid one trental (tricennale). 

Item, I bequeath to the " anuellarii )J1 of the new hall 2 
dwelling in the new street, Wells, for their common table, 6os. 

Item, to the Prior of the Hospital of St. John, of Wells, and 
to each chaplain of the same Hospital one trental (tricennale}. 

Item, to the Abbot and convent of Glaston one tun (dolium} 
of red wine. 

Item, to the Prior and convent of the Carthusian order, of 
Wytham, to pray for my soul, 40^. 

Item, to the Prior and convent of Henton, of the same order, 
to pray for my soul, 40^. 

To the Prioress and nuns of Munchenebarwe to pray for 
my soul, beyond 2Os. which the said Prioress owes me, 2os. 

Item, to the Prior of Stauerdale and the convent of the same 
place to pray for my soul, 2Os. 

To the Prioress and convent of Munchenekyngton, in the 
county of Wilts, to pray for my soul, 4Os. 

To the Prior and convent of the friars Carmelites of Bristol, 
to pray for my soul in all their houses in England, 40^. 

To the Prior and convents of the Friars Minors, Preachers, 
and St. Augustine, Bristol, to pray for my soul, to each of 
them 4os. 

Item, I bequeath to Isabella, my wife, my whole tenement 
with the two cellars and three shops adjacent, and their 
appurtenances in the town of Bristol on the west side of a 
certain street called "Smalstret" between the churchyard of 
the parish church of St. Waburgh on the south side and the 
tenement of the lord of Burnell on the north side, as by the 
charters and muniments thereof made to me more fully is 
specified. To have and to hold to the said Isabella, my wife, 
her heirs and assigns for ever, &c. 



1 ANNUELLARIUS, a priest who celebrated annuals or anniversaries, yearly masses 
for the dead. The word is found in Chaucer, 1. 16480. 

2 

the 



the dead. The word is found in c,naucer, i. 10400. 

2 Ralph Erghum, Bishop of Bath and Wells, erected a College or New Hall for 

" Annuellarii," circa 1400 (see Reynolds's Wells Cathedral, p. xxxiii). 



Item, I bequeath to Robert Asseby, my servant (serviens\ 
i ocxr. 

To Edward Curteys, my servant, loos. 

To John Waryn, my servant, 40^. and three oxen. 

To Juliana Huth 40^. beyond the 10/2. which she owes me ; 
which I also remit and release to her. 

To William Heryng, my servant, half a mark. 

To John Grocere, my servant, half a mark. 

To Philip Smyth, my kinsman (consanguineus\ loos. 

To John Bradeford, my kinsman, 40^. 

To Alice, daughter of the aforesaid Juliana Huthe, 40^. 

The residue of all my goods, my debts being fully paid, I 
give to Isabella, my wife, to dispose of the same for the safety 
of my soul and hers, as shall seem most expedient to her. 

I make the said Isabella, my wife, John Wykyng, John 
Panes, Thomas Hore, and John Broun my executors. 

Item, I bequeath to the common hall of the new close of 
the vicars of Wells to pray for my soul 40^. 

To Sir William atte Watere, chaplain, to pray for my soul 
13* 4< 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of St. Cuthbert, 
of Wells, 40^., and 40^. being in the hand of John Blythe. 

To John Wykyng IQOS. 

To John Panes loos. 

To Nicholas More 40^. 

To the poor lying in the Hospital of St. John, of \Vells, 20s. 

To Elias Jones, of Axebrugge, 2os. 

To Walter Menyuer, of the same, 2Os. 

Proved before Richard Bruton, canon of Wells, Commissary 
of Master John Perche, registrar of the court of Canterbury, 
and Commissary-general of Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
specially appointed together with Masters Thomas de Byngham, 
sub-dean, and Richard Drayton, canons of Wells, for the 
matters within written, in the conventual church of the Hospital 
of St. John the Baptist, of W T ells, on the I2th day of the month 
of December, A.D. 1401. We have committed administration 
to Isabella, late wife of the said Thomas Tanner, deceased, John 
Panes, and John Broun, the executors named in the same will, 
Thomas Hore refusing, and reserving power to us to commit 



tre, Capellanua. 



the administration to John Wykyng, one of the executors 
aforesaid, when he shall come to demand it in form of law. 

[A short abstract of this will is printed in Wadley's Bristol Wills, p. 63.] 



1402. JOHN ATTE HYDE, CAPELLANUS. 

[4 MARCHE. FO. 31.] 

Sunday next after the feast [July 7] of the Translation of 
St. Thomas the Martyr, A.D. 1402. I, John Atte Hyde, chaplain, 
bequeath, &c., and my body to be buried in the church of the 
B. V. M. of Northpederton. 

Item, to the vicar of the same place 40^. 

Item, to the brethren of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem 
dwelling at Bokelonde 2os. 

To the prioress and sisters of Bokelonde 2Os. 

i$s. 4d. to be distributed to the poor for the health of my 
soul on the day of my burial. 

To the convent of the Friars Minors of Bruggewater 40^. 

To Brother William Bernard 2od. 

To Agnes Serle, the younger, 6^. %d. 

To Sir John Serle, chaplain, 2s. 6d. 

To every priest in the said parish of Northpederton cele- 
brating divina I2d. 

To every clerk serving in the said church 6d. 

To Robert Toky 2Od. 

The residue I give to Agnes, my sister, to dispose for the 
health of my soul and (the souls) of all my benefactors. 

To execute this will I appoint the said Agnes, my sister, 
and Thomas Asschelock, my executors, and Sir John Coleforde, 
vicar of the church of Northpederton, my supervisor. 

Proved I5th October, A.D. 1403, by Thomas Asschelocke, the 
executor named. 



TO 



1402. RIG. FERO R AL. THORNY. 

[5 MARCHE. FO. 21.] 

On the 27th day of the month of January, A.D. 1402, Master 
John Perche, commissary, granted that a commission be directed 
to Master Ralph Canon, canon of Wells, and Master Walter 
Ham me, perpetual vicar of the parish church of St. Cuthbert, of 
the city of Wells, and Nicholas Moore, notary public, jointly 
and severally to prove the will of Richard Fero r otherwise 
Thorny, burgess of the said city of Wells. 



1402. RIC. SYDENHAM. 

[4 MARCHE. FO. 25.] 

On Monday next before the Feast [March 12] of St. Gregory 
the Pope, A.D. 1402, I, Richard Sydenham, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Blessed Mary of Stokgummer. 

Item, I bequeath to Master Symon, my son, io//'. 

I bequeath 40^. to be distributed amongst my poor tenants. 

Item, I bequeath 2os. to the fabric of the church of Stok- 
gummer, and 2Os. to the fabric of the church of Monkensyluer. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed, I give and 
bequeath to Henry my son, to distribute for my soul as shall 
seem best to him ; and I make Henry Sydenham and Master 
Symon Sydenham, my sons, my executors. 

Proved 6th May, 1403, and administration committed to the 
executors. 



1402. RALPH DAMESELE. 

[4 MARCHE. FO. 28.] 

A.D. 1402, on Wednesday next after the Feast [March 20] of 
St. Cuthbert the Bishop, I, Ralph Damesele, &c., bequeath my 
body to holy burial. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wryngton 
one of my best cows (unam vaccam melioreni] and to the fabric 
of the church of Walton one cow, and to the rector of Wryngton 
6s. %d. To the rector of Walton, 40^. 

The residue of all my goods I ordain to pay my debts, and 
I appoint John Doune and Sir John Lynlond executors with 
the supervision of Matilda, my wife. 

Proved 5th July, A.D. 1403. Administration, &c., to John 
Doune. 



1403. MATTHEW CRAAS. 

[4 MARCHE. FO. 30.] 

25th August, A.D. 1403, Master John Perche, Commissary, 
&c., granted a Commission to Thomas Lye, rector of the parish 
church of St. Peter, and Thomas Marchall, perpetual vicar of 
the parish church of All Saints, Bristol, to prove the will of 
Matthew Craas, Merchant (Mercator) of Frome Braunche, 
deceased. 



1404. JOHN BOUNT. 

[8 MARCHE. FO. 62.] 

24th August, A.D. 1404, the Feast of St. Bartholomew the 
Apostle. In the name of the holy and undivided Trinity I, 
John Bount, son and heir of John Bount late Burgess of the 
city of Bristol, make my will as follows : 

First, I bequeath my soul to Almightly God, the Blessed 
Virgin his mother, to St. John the Apostle and to all the saints, 
and my body to be buried wheresoever it shall please God ; and 



if I chance to die in Bristol then I desire to be buried in the 
churchyard of St. Mary Redclyffe, near the bodies of my brother 
Thomas and sister Margaret. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church, 40^. 

Item, to the vicar there for the time being, 2s. 

Item, to the parish priest of the church of Saint Thomas for 
the time being, I2d. 

Item, I will that $s. shall be distributed to the needy poor on 
the day of my funeral, if I chance to die in Bristol. 

I bequeath to each of the orders of Mendicant Friars in 
Bristol, 2s. 

Item, to Friar John Dernford, 40^., to have my soul and the 
souls of my parents and benefactors very specially in masses 
and other prayers. 

Item, to Adam Cantwell of the Carthusian order, 2os. to 
pray specially for my soul, &c., as aforesaid. 

Item, to Sir Adam of the Temple in London, 2os. in like 
manner. 

Item, to John Cawnterbury 40^. for the true love he has often 
showed me, and 2os. more in consideration of a certain bed 
(lecti) given to me by him, now lost ; also a certain book of mine 
of the Gospels (Evangeliis) in English, which is in the custody 
of William Sturton. 

Item, I bequeath to Matilda Canyng, 13^. 4^. 

To Walter Wotton, weaver (textor\ 6s. 8d. 

To William Taillor, a like sum. 

Item, to Roger my uncle, a yearly rent of 4OJ-. for the term of 
his life, out of my profitable (uberiort) rent in the town and 
suburbs of Bristoll, besides my rent of 33^. issuing from a 
certain tenement belonging to me in Cornstret Bristoll, wherein 
John Austyn and Joan, his wife, now dwell, which last said rent 
I bequeath to John Pochyn, burgess of Bristoll, together with 
the reversion of the said tenement when it shall happen, to hold 
to him and his heirs of the chief lords of that fee for ever. 

Item, I bequeath to John BeofT, apprentice to the court 
(apprentice Ciift) and my partner, 40$-., my new statutes (nova 
statuta med] and my sword ornamented (gladium men phal- 
leratuni} with silver ; also my great harp and my cittern with 
a girl's face thereon (quinternam med cum facie daniisett.) 



n $ouut. 



Item, to William Haversam my apprentice, a red coverlet 
(cQverletum\ a pair of sheets, one of my gowns (juparum)* a 
doublet (dublettum\ and 6s. 8d, and I release him after my 
death from the bonds of his apprenticeship. 

Item, I will that Richard Appulby, my apprentice, shall be 
delivered out of Newgate prison on condition that he agree with 
the said John Beoff, and I release him from his apprenticeship. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Manciple of the Middle Temple 
two marks, for the exceeding great kindness done to me. 

Item, to John Bath, my best bed with all the apparel 
(apparatii] thereto belonging. 

Item, to my uncle Roger, my two best gowns (jupas), one 
pair of blankets and a pair of my second best sheets. 

Item, I will that William Pensford and Roger Bount, my 
feoffees of all my lands and tenements in Bristol, shall enfeoff 
Thomas Bokeland, my brother on the mother's side, when he 
comes to the age of twenty-one, with a certain tenement of 
mine in which Richard Fenbrigge now dwells. I bequeath to 
the said Thomas also another tenement in which Thomas 
Williams, tailor, dwells, together with the cellar under the same ; 
to hold to him and the heirs of his body ; and if he die without 
issue I give the first-mentioned tenement and the said cellar to 
William Wermyster and Alice his wife for their lives, and the 
tenement where Richard Williams dwells to John Thorp for 
life. And after the decease of my said legatees, my will is that 
the said premises shall be sold to my next of kin on my 
mother's side at a better price than to any stranger, under the 
oversight of the Mayor and Bailiffs of Bristol for the time being, 
and that with the money therefrom arising chaplains shall be 
hired to celebrate divine service in the church of St. Thomas 
the Martyr of Bristoll, for my soul and the souls of my parents, 
and of Julian Frox, John Wale and Margaret his wife, and of 
all my benefactors so long as the said money shall last. 

Item, I bequeath to the said Mayor, 6s. 8d, and to each of 
the bailiffs, 40^. to see my will duly executed in this point. 

Item, I will that Alice Wermyster shall have the custody of 
my said brother Thomas till he come of age ; together with the 

1 Jupa, vestis talaris species ; Jupe, pourpoint^ soutane, toiit veteinent cf/iomme 
on defcnnnc, <j id cache les jambes. (Ducange.) 



14 



tenement above bequeathed to him, upon condition that she 
finds him in all necessaries until that time. 

All the residue of my lands and tenements in Bristol, not 
above bequeathed, shall be sold by my executors to John Bath, 
if he will purchase the same, otherwise to John Barstaple ; and 
with the money therefrom arising my executors shall hire 
chaplains to pray for my soul, and the souls of my mother and 
father, and of my lord William Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, 
my founder, and for the good state of his colleges in Winchester 
and Exeter. 

The residue of my goods not herein before bequeathed I 
will shall be disposed of for my soul by John Pochyn, as he 
shall think best, and as he will answer before God. 

Item, I bequeath to the said John all my land in Tyknam 
and Hele, in co. Somerset, for his life, with remainder to Alice 
Wermyster for life, and then to the right heirs of Thomas 
Morell, my kinsman (cognati met). 

Item, I will that Walter Wale of Wroxall shall have all my 
land in Wroxall at Cokkelesford, to hold to him and his heirs 
for ever. 

I appoint as my executors John Pochyn alias Bath, John 
Beef, William Pensford and William RobroK ; and I will that 
William Pensford shall have I oar. for his exceeding great 
goodness shewn to me, and for the faithfulness of his person, 
and that William RobroK shall have IQS. 

Proved, 6 February 1404, and administration granted to the 
three first-named executors ; commission issued to William 
RobroK, last of the executors named, on the 3Oth of April 
following. 

[An abstract of this Will will be found in Wadley's Bristol Wills, p. 73.] 



1404. JOHN WRYNGTON. 

[7 MARCHE. FO. 54.] 

1 5th Sept. A.D. 1404. John Wryngton, rector of the church 
of Wandestre [Wanstrow] in the diocese of Wells, languishing 
iu extremis^ made his will in this manner : 



First, he bequeathed his soul to God, and his body to be 
buried before the altar of St. Katherine in the church aforesaid. 

Item, he bequeathed to the said church a cloth of gold of 
blue (pannu aureu de blueto) to make a vestment to serve 
God and the Blessed Mary in the said church ; also one sur- 
plice, and 40.?. to be employed about his funeral. 

The residue of his goods he bequeathed to be disposed for 
his soul at the disposition of his executors, and appointed 
Thomas Bathe 1 and Nicholas Hardy ng to provide for the 
execution hereof. 

Dated at Glaston on the day abovesaid. 

Proved 9 November, 1404, and administration committed to 
Nicholas Hardyng, one of the executors named, with power 
reserved for a like grant to the other. 

And afterwards, viz. on 5th May following, the said Nicholas 
was acquitted by the Commissary. 



1404. JOHN KEN. 

[7 MARCHE. FO. 56.] 

A.D. 1404, Nov. Qth. I, John Ken, of Ken, &c. 

My body to be buried in the churchyard of the parish 
church of All Saints of Kyngyston Seymour, where I have 
caused a monument to be made for myself. 

To the cathedral church of Wells $s. 4^. 

To the fabric of the church of All Saints of Kyngeston 
Seymour a brass pot (pllam eneam] which I have had newly 
made at Bristol outside the gate called Laffordesyate. 

To the same church a chest locked with two locks for 
keeping the store (staiiro] of the same church. 

To the Friars of the order of Carmelites of Bristol 2Os. 

Friars Minors 2Os. 

Friars of the order of preachers 6s. 8^. 

Augustine Friars 6s. 8</. 

1 Thomas Bathe "domicellus" presented testator's successor, Joh. Lylyle, to the 
benefice of Wanstrow on Sept. 24, 1404. Somerset Incumbents, .203. 



1 6 &omm!rt 



To Robert, my son, my bed (lectum} with all its best apparel 
(apparatii) whereon I lie. 

To the same my girdle with a baslard to the same annexed 
together with the bands (ligaturis) which I have in use for hose 
(pro caligis^ meis) round my legs (tibeas). 

To Letice, my servant (servienti] a brass pot " cum curtis 
tibiis cum patella de Boleyn" together with a cow for good 
service done to me. 

To Sir Richard, my old and decrepit chaplain 15^. 

Item, to Nigell Hamme, rector of Kyngeston aforesaid, 
6s. Stt. 

Item, to the same " unum mortarium eneum cum pila ferrea 
et unum focarium ferreum cum Cista quam habui ex dono 
avunculi mei. 

I appoint the said Nigell and William Colman, of Yatton, 
my executors. They to give to my daughters those ioo.y. which 
otherwise I bequeathed to William Storton. 

Proved 6th November, A.D. above. Administration com- 
mitted to the executors named. 



1404. JOHN TORNY. 

[9 MARCHE. FO. 66.] 

23 January, A.D. 1404, I, John Torny, lord of Wolfryngton 
[Wolverton], make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the Chapel of St. 
Etheldreda in the parish church of Rode. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells \2d. 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of Rode, $s. ^d. 

Item, to the hospital of the Holy Trinity of Rome, 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth 20/2. 

To Thomas Moygne, 40 s. 

Item, I will that Elizabeth my wife shall find for my son 
Walter the things necessary for him, as in a certain writing 
sealed (signato) with my seal more fully is contained. 

1 For caliga, see Prompt. Paw., p. 248. 



The residue of my goods not above bequeathed I bequeath 
to Elizabeth my wife, and I make my said wife and Thomas 
Moygne executors of this my will. 

Proved 14 May, 1405, and administration committed to the 
executors named. 



1404. ROGER WALSSCHE. 

[9 MARCHE. FO. 68.] 

1404. On the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul, I, Roger 
Walssche, of Hotton [Hutton] in the diocese of Bath, make my 
testament as follows : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the Blessed 
Mary of Hotton, and I give to the rector of the said church 2os. 
to pray for my soul. 

Item, I give to the fabric of the said church, 40^. 

Item, for the maintenance of a taper (cerei) burning before 
the image of the Blessed Mary there [sum omitted]. 

Item, to the house of Bokeland, 2os. 

I give 14 marks for the wages of two priests celebrating for 
my soul and the souls of all the faithful deceased in the said 
church of Hotton for a year, and this as soon as it may con- 
veniently be done. 

Item, I give 40^. to be distributed to the poor. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to my 
wife Alice, whom I make my executor jointly with John Gylys. 

Proved 24 May, 1405, and administration granted to one 
John Gylly, one of the executors named, with power reserved, 
&c. And the executors were acquitted on the 2Oth June 
following. 

[In Subsidy Roll 13 Hen. IV (1411-12) testator's son's (?) lands are thus 
set down : 

" Rog'us Walsh man. de Hutton ac cert. ter. in Langerygge et al. ter. 

in eod. com. xxli." 

(Bath. F. C. Proc., ix, 3, 195.)] 



D 



1 8 &omefet 



1405. ROBERT WATTES. 

[9 MARCHE. FO. 69.] 

29th April, A.D. 1405. I, Robert Wattes, of Qwene Camel, 
bequeath my body to sacred burial in the church of St. Barnabas 
the Apostle of Quene Camel. 

Item, I give to the fabric of the chapel of St. Michael in the 
said church loos. 

Item, to the light (lumini) of St. Mary los. and to the light 
of the Holy Cross $s. 4^. 

To the vicar of the said church i$s. ^d. 

To Sir Nicholas, chaplain of the parish church aforesaid, 
3J. 4^- 

Item, I bequeath to Agnes, my daughter, a nun at 
Amnesbury, 10/2. of silver, one cup, a maser bound with silver 
(unum ciphum murriu argento ligatuni), a silver piece (peciam), 
and two silver spoons to be delivered by my wife Cristiana. 

I bequeath to Robert, my son, two oxen that Robert Pinne 
hath, and 13/2. 6s. 8d due to me by William Wyot, of 
Waymothe. But if the sard Robert, my son, do anything 
contrary to my last will, &c, I will that my said bequest shall 
be void and remain to my executors to dispose for my soul as 
shall seem best to them. 

Item, I bequeath to Cristina, daughter of the said Robert, 
10 marks, a bowl and dish of brass, a basin (pelvim) one pot 
(unam ollam\ with a ewer (lavatorid) and half a bed (dimidium 
lecti] to be delivered by my wife. 

Item, I bequeath to John, son of the said Robert, 40$. 

Item, to the cathedral church of Wells 13^. 4^. to pray for 
my soul. 

Item, to the Friars of Yevulcestre two quarters of wheat. 

To the church of Northover i?s. that Vincent Loches 
owes me. 

Item, to the vicar of the said church, icxr. 

To every priest coming to the solemnization of my burial 6d. 

Item, I bequeath to my godchildren taken by me from the 
font 4^. apiece. 



>tr William ftafo. 



Item, to each poor person coming to my funeral id. 

To Thomas Knoyel 40^. 

To Robert Skynner 2Os. 

To Stephen Clerk \2d. 

To Margaret, my female servant, 2os. 

Item, I give to the causeway paving (calectd] of Chelcroftes- 
lane 6s. %d. 

The residue of my goods, after my funeral expenses and 
debts are paid, I give to my wife Cristiana, whom I make my 
executrix, together with Thomas Knoyel and Robert Skynnere ; 
and I appoint Brother William Patehulle, Master of the Hospital 
of St. John of Bruggewater, overseer of this my will. 

Proved 6th June, A.D. 1405. Administration granted to 
Cristiana, the relict and executrix named, in the person of 
Master Thomas Cosyn, rector of the parish church of West- 
cammel, her proctor in this behalf. And on the 24th of the 
same month the Commissary acquitted the said Cristiana. 



1405. JOHN MANYNGFORD. 

[11 MARCHE. FO. 82.] 

Be it remembered that on the nth day of the month of 
February, A.D. 1405, Master John Perche, Commissary-General 
&c., acquitted one Joan, relict and executrix of the will of John 
Manyngford, of the diocese of Bath, from rendering further 
account in this behalf, in the common form. 



1406. SIR WILLIAM BAW. 

[ii MARCHE. FO. 86.] 

1 2th July, A.D. 1406. Administration of the goods of Sir 
William Baw, rector of the parish church of Greynton, 
intestate, granted to John Goundenham and John Gilberd, 
" domicellus" of the diocese of Bath and Wells. 
Afterwards it was found that he died " testates? 



20 



Master Thomas Barton, John Dey, and Andrew Legge, 
executors of the will of Sir William Bawe, rector, &c. (as above), 
are acquitted. 



1406. ROBERT CHIPPELEIGH. 

[12 MARCHE.] 

I, Robert Chippeleigh, on Friday next before the Feast of 
St. Bartholomew the Apostle, A.D. 1406, &c. 

First, I bequeath my soul to God, and my body to be buried 
in the churchyard of St. Michael the Archangel, of Milverton. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar of the church there to pray for 
my soul, one trental (trentale). 

To Michael Waleys, if he wish to be a chaplain, 2s. 6d. to 
celebrate for my soul. 

To William Benet, clerk of the same church, if he wish to be 
a chaplain, 2s. 6d. 

Item, I give and bequeath to Alice, my wife, two tenements 
in Milverton, whereof one is called " Newplace," situate between 
the tenements called " Stokhous " on the north side, and 
" Skynerplace " on the south side, as fully as I acquired it of 
John Chippeleigh, my father, with all its appurtenances ; [and] 
the other tenement is called " Brompfordplace," situate in the 
street called " le Willestrete," between the tenement of William 
Shoremon on the south side, and the tenement of John Wyte on 
the north side. To have and to hold all the said tenements, &c., 
to the said Alice and to the heirs of her body lawfully begotten. 
Paying to the chief lords of that fee the rents and services thereof 
due and of right accustomed. And if it happen that the said 
Alice shall die without heir lawfully begotten of her body, then 
I will and grant that all the said tenements shall remain to 
William, my bastard son, and to the heirs of his body lawfully 
begotten, &c. And if it happen that the said William shall die 
without heir of his body lawfully begotten, then I give and 
bequeath the said two tenements to Alice, wife of Thomas 
Hurdyng, [and] to the heirs of her body lawfully begotten, &c. 
And if it happen that the aforesaid Alice, wife of Thomas 



21 



Hurdyng, shall die without heir of her body lawfully begotten, 
then I will that my executors do sell all the aforesaid tenements 
and distribute the money coming therefrom for the souls of my 
father, my mother, my wife, and all other my friends deceased 
as they shall deem most expedient. 

Item, I bequeath to Alice, my wife, all my goods movable 
and immovable in my hall, chamber, and kitchen, wheresoever 
they are found. 

Item, I bequeath to Alice, my wife, four oxen and two cows. 

To the same Alice all grain or corn growing in Byndon, 
Lovelynch, Smalbrok, and Hamme atte Wode, on condition that 
the same Alice shall find a fit chaplain to celebrate and pray for 
my soul and [the souls] of my parents for one entire year. 

Item, I bequeath for making anew the bells (tampan] at 
Milverton 4OJ 1 ., which my father bequeathed for the same (ad 
easdem). 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Hurdyng one blue embroidered 
gown (hip blod stragulatani). 

To Roger Honeford one embroidered gown (lup St a gut) with 
fur (cum fumir) [and] a horse-saddle with a bridle (j sellam 
equam cum freno). 

To Walter Cheil one embroidered gown (lup St a gut). 

To John Cloune one gown (lup). 

To William, my son, two gowns, one whereof of " Ray " and 
the other of " Russet." 

To Alice, my wife, a silver cup with a " Couerkle " pertaining 
to the same, and six silver spoons. 

To Joan, my servant, 55. 

To John Loueny, chaplain, to celebrate for my soul 2s. 6d. 

To Thomas Hurdyng one quarter of wheat, one quarter of 
barley, and one quarter of oats. 

The residue of all my goods I give to Alice, my wife. 

Proved 8th November, A.D. abovesaid. 

Administration committed to Alice, the relict and executrix 
named, &c. 



22 



1406. THOMAS HORE. 

[ii MARCHE. FO. 88.] 

2nd September, A.D. 1406. Master John Perche, clerk, 
Commissary, &c., acquitted Joan Hore, relict, and Luke Fyssher, 
executors of the will of Thomas Hore, burgess of Wells, 
deceased 



1406. WILLIAM CARENT. 

[13 MARCHE. FO. 100.] 

Monday next after the Feast of St. Gregory the Pope, A.D. 
1406. I, William Carent the elder, make my will in this 
manner : 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Apostles Peter and Paul of Montacute (montis acuti), before the 
altar of the cross. 

Item, I bequeath to each priest of the monks of Montacute 
(montis acuti) aforesaid, 1 3 s. <\.d. 

Item, to three other monks of the said place, to each of them, 
6s. Sd 

Item, to the vicar of the church of St. Katherine of Montacute, 
one trental (unam trentinale). 

Item, to the church of St. Andrew of Wells, 6s. Sd 

Item, to each priest in the church of Yeovil (Jeueit\ \2d. 

Item, to the Friars Preachers of Ivelcestre, 6s. Sd 

Item, to the Friars Minors of Bruggewaterre, 6s. Sd 

Item, I bequeath to the Friars of Dorcestre a quarter of 
wheat (frumenti\ a quarter of barley (ordei\ and a quarter of 
oats (aven*}. 

Item, to the church of Yeovil (Jeuett\ a cow for a lamp 
(lampade). 

Item, to the chantry of Marnhull, my silver chalice (calicem). 

Item, I bequeath to the church there, 2os. 

Item, to the church of Wynterburne Martyn, 6s. Sd 



OTtlltam Carrot. 23 



Item, to William, my son, a napkin (mappam) with one towel 
(manutergio), one piece with a cover of silver, and twelve spoons of 
silver which are marked (que consignantur) with W. and K. Also 
one horn (cornu) with cover of silver and gilt (argenti et deaurati) 
in which I was accustomed to drink at the Feast of the Nativity 
of our Lord, a gold ring with a sapphire stone (petra safour) and 
a gold seal from heir to heir (de herede in heredem). 

Item, I bequeath to Alice Horci, my daughter, a napkin 
(mappavi) with one towel (manutergio\ a piece of silver, twelve 
spoons of silver which are marked (que consignantur) with a K, 
and forty sheep (multones). 

Item, to Margery, my daughter, two napkins (mappas) with 
two towels (inanutergiis}, a piece of silver, twelve spoons of 
silver which are marked (que consignantur) with J. and K., a bed 
(lectum), of chaplet (de Ckapelet), and 40/2. to her marriage. 

Item, to Thomas Cayl, rector of Brymton, a bed (lectum) in 
which I lie at Montague with hangings and curtains (Soybers 1 et 
Curteyns), a napkin (mappam), one gown (jupd) of russet 
furred (penulal) with " Cristigrey," one other fur (furour*) of 
" Cristigrey " ; a book called " Porthors " [Breviary], and twenty 
sheep (multones). 

Item, I bequeath to John Cole the younger of Cattecote, 
twelve sheep (multones). 

Item, to Robert Pyle, my servant (servienti), twelve sheep 
(multones]. 

Item, to Peter, my man servant (famulo), a bed of mine 
(unum lectum meum) entire at Wynterburne, besides one 
" materas" there, and 6s. 8d., and the bed in which the said 
Peter lies at Montague. 

Item, I bequeath to a priest to celebrate at Wynterburne 
Martyn in the next year after the date of these presents for all 
souls for whom I am bound to pray (teneor deprecare), loos. 

Item, I bequeath to each of my tenants who hold by copy 
or according to the custom of the manor, the rent of one quarter 
after my last day (diem meum extremuni}. 

The residue of all my goods I give and bequeath to William 
Carent, the younger, my godson (filiolo), and to Alice, his mother ; 

1 Soybers is written, but seylers may be meant, 



24 



and I ordain as my executors William Carent, my son (filium), 
and Thomas Cayl, rector of Brymton. 

Proved I3th April, 1407, and power committed to one Master 
John Benet, rector of the parish church of Pytteneye, to receive 
the oaths of the executors, &c. On the 7th of May, 1412, the 
said executors were acquitted. 

[In Subsidy Roll, 13 Hen. IV, testator's son's lands in Somerset are as 
follows : 

" Wills Carent man. de Merssh et ter. in Milbornport, Thomere 
(Toomer) Yevele et Kyngeston juxta Yevele, cli. vjs. viijd." 

(Bath F. C. Proc., ix, 3, 191.)] 



1407. ADAM BRADEWELL. 

[14 MARCHE. FO. 106.] 

1407, April 10. I, Adam Bradewell, rector of the church of 
Whritlyngton, make my will as follows : 

I bequeath to the mother church of Worcester, 40^. 

Item, to the vicar of Longdon church, 6s. %d. 

Item, to John Uppynton, 2s. 

I give to each priest present at my obsequies (exequias), \2d. 

Item, to each light (lumini) of the said church of Longdon, 
which the parishioners find, \2d. 

Item, to the mother church of Wells, 40^. 

Item, to the mother church of Bath, 40^. 

Item, to each light (lumini) of Whrytlyngton church, 6d. 

Item, to the fabric of a porch (porche) of the said church, 
6s. M. 

Item, in distribution to my poor parishioners, IQS. 

The residue of my goods I will and grant shall be spent by 
my executors in the celebration of masses and in distribution to 
the poor, and in other pious uses for my soul and the souls of all 
my benefactors ; and I make William Wrenford, Richard 
Smethesende, and John Blake, chaplains, my executors. 

Proved pth July, 1407, and administration granted to John 
Blake, chaplain, with power reserved, &c. ; and afterwards, viz., 
on the 5th of August following, the commissary acquitted the 
said John in the common form. 



S&tdjarif <&voQ3. 25 



1407. RICHARD GROOS. 

[13 MARCHE. FO. 102.] 

I, Richard Groos, burgess of Wells, on Wednesday next before 
the Feast of Holy Trinity, A.D. 1407, make my will in this 
manner : 

My body to be buried in the churchyard of the church of 
St. Cuthbert, of Wells. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar of the church aforesaid for 
tithes forgotten, to pray for my soul, 2Os. 

Item, to every chaplain celebrating and serving in the same 
church, one trental (tricennale). 

Item, to the three clerks of the same church, to each of 
them 6d. 

To the Prior and brethren, priests, celebrating masses in the 
Hospital of St. John, of Wells, to each of them one trental 
(tricennale). 

Item, to the priest vicar of the new close of the vicars of 
Wells, and to each " annuelarius" in the same church, 6d. 

Item, to each chaplain coming and being present at my 
obsequies on the night next before my burial, 2d. 

Item, to every poor person, men, women, and boys, coming 
on the day of my burial to seek the alms of Christ, id., or one 
loaf of the same price. 

Item, to every poor person, men and women of the infirmary 
of the Hospital of St. John, of Wells, ^d. 

Item, to every decrepit and blind person as well men as 
women of the town (ville) of Wells aforesaid, ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of St. Cuthbert, 
of Wells, and to the fraternity of the Holy Trinity in the 
same, 2os. 

Item, to the fraternity of St. Mary in the same, 3^. 4^. 

Item, to the vicar of the parish church of Mountagu and to 
every chaplain serving in the same, one trental (tricennale}. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Mountagu, 2CXf., or one 
vestment which I shall provide anew, with the apparel (apparatu) 
of the same. 

Item, I bequeath to Agnes, my wife, two messuages in Wells 



26 ^omergtt 

on the south side of St. Cuthbert's street ; one whereof is situate 
between the messuage of John Bageworth, on the east side, and 
the messuage wherein I inhabit, on the west side. The other 
messuage is situate between the messuage of Thomas Tanner on 
the east side, and the messuage of John Laueranz on the west 
side. To have and to hold the aforesaid two messuages to the 
aforesaid Agnes and her assigns for the term of the life of the 
same Agnes, of the chief lords, &c. To hold yearly as long as 
she shall live my obit on the same day whereon it shall happen 
that I pass from this light, in the church of St. Cuthbert afore- 
said, and in the church of St. John the Baptist, of Wells, to pay 
the same day to the vicar of the church of St. Cuthbert every 
year as long as the same Agnes shall live at the obsequies of the 
said obit, 4<^., and to every other chaplain celebrating and 
serving in the same church, 2d., to each of the three clerks afore- 
said, i</., and to the two wardens of the goods of the said 
church, to each of them, 2d., to the Prior of the Hospital afore- 
said, 4^., and to each brother, 2d., and to every poor man and 
woman of the infirmary of the Hospital aforesaid, id. 

After the decease of the aforesaid Agnes the said messuage 
situate between the tenement of John Bageworth, &c.,to remain to 
John, my son, for the term of his life, &c., supporting the charges 
as the said Agnes ought to do. After the decease of the said 
John, and Richard, my sons, I will that the same messuage 
remain to the Master and commonalty of the burgh of Wells, 
for ever, to do and support in the church of St. Cuthbert of 
Wells, for ever, as the said Agnes, my wife, above is charged. 
The other messuage, after the decease of the said Agnes, to 
remain to Richard, my son, for his life supporting the charges 
assigned to the said Agnes. And after the decease of the said 
John and Richard the said messuage shall remain to the prior of 
the Hospital of St. John of Wells, for ever, supporting the 
charges assigned to the said Agnes. If it happen that either of 
my said sons die before the other the said two messuages shall 
remain to the survivor as long as he shall live, &c. 

I bequeath half a c. of wax and " Rosyn " to make six great 
tapers and other smaller ones and to be held around my body at 
my obsequies and to be carried to the church and to be held 
there at the mass. 



Wotf). 27 



To six poor men carrying the said six tapers, to each of them, 
one gown with a hood (capucid], one pair of hose (caligarum\ 
and one pair of shoes (sotularium). 

To John, my son, 10/2. one entire bed with the whole 
apparel (apparatu), two silver spoons, the worth of each 2s., one 
brass pot, one plate (patella), and one basin with a ewer 
(lavator*). 

To Richard, my son, io/z., one bed, &c. 

To John Pope " Tyler " my best gown with a hood. 

To Richard, my sister's husband, my second best gown with 
a hood. 

To Joan, my sister, three yards of cloth. 

7 marks to provide a fit chaplain for one year in the 
church of St. Cuthbert to celebrate for my soul and the souls of 
all the faithful deceased. 

To John Stoke, " baker," my poinard (basilardum), 1 and one 
pair of beads of amber (et unum par precum de Lambour). 

To John Shepherd, my long poinard. 

To John Wy combe, 2OS., and Thomas Weye, 2os. 

All things bequeathed to John, my son, shall remain in the 
custody of Agnes, my wife, till he shall complete his service with 
his master, and all bequeathed to Richard, my son, shall remain, 
&c., till he shall come to lawful age. 

The residue to Agnes, my wife, and I make her my 
executrix. 

Proved the penultimate day of May, A.D. 1407, by Agnes, 
relict, &c. 



1407. THOMAS WOTH. 

[15 MARCHE. FO. 116.] 

A.D. 1407, on Monday next after the Feast of the Nativity 
of the B. V. Mary, I, Thomas Woth, bequeath, &c., and my 
body to be buried in the church of the Blessed Mary of 
Canyngton. 

1 Basalardus, ensis brevis species ; coutelas (Ducange). 



28 



Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Sarum, $s. A,d. 
A missal, a breviary, a chalice of silver and gilt, a pair of 
vestments, " cum facitergiis 1 paxebrede unam campanam 
Crewetts" and other things pertaining to the said altar to 
the chapel of St. Nicholas of Wothe [Worth, Sussex]. 

To every priest coming on the day of my burial to 
Canyngton 6d. To every clerk being there 2d. 6os. for three 
trentals of St. Gregory. 1 2 marks 6s. 8d. [2,000^.] for 2,000 masses 
to be celebrated for my soul within a fortnight after the day of 
my burial. 

4 marks by the year for twenty years to clothe six poor 
men in white linnen cloth, viz., in gowns (jupis\ hoods (capiciis\ 
hose (saligis) [caligis] and shoes. And this shall be levied from 
my goods and chattels, and if my goods do not come (devenire) 
to this then my feoffees shall levy it from my lands and give 
it to my executors to pay it on the days of my anniversary, 
to pray for my soul in the same vestments ; and those and all 
other poor coming on the night and the day of my anniversary 
for the time abovesaid shall have in food and drink 6s. &d. 

6s. 8d. for priests and clerks at my obsequies at the terms 
abovesaid. 

To Emeline, my mother, 40 marks to provide Thomas and 
Robert, my sons, in all things necessary for them till the age 
of sixteen years. 

To Elizabeth, my daughter, 100 marks, to marry her. 

To the prioress of Canyngton 40 marks to provide (invenien- 
dum} Elizabeth, my daughter, if she shall happen to live to 
the age of ten years, but if she does not, to pray for my soul 
and the [souls] of my parents and friends. 

To Ellen, my sister, 2os. 

To the nuns there serving God 2Os. 

To Sir John Herte, vicar of Canyngton, 6s. %d. 

To Sir John Crosse one trental. 

To Sir John, priest of Bromfeld, one trental. 

To Elizabeth Morgan 40 marks with a bed (lecto\ " de 
Pauli," viz., of white and blue with the curtains and all the 
apparel (apparatu). 

Cf. manutergium, a towel. 



2 g 



To Alice, my sister, of Polslo, 2os. 

To Katherine, my sister, 40^. 

To Patrick Moune, 40$-. 

To the vicar of Netherbury los. for tithes forgotten. 

To the vicar of Bradepole 6s. 8d. to celebrate for my soul. 

Item, to lady Elizabeth Beauchampe 12 ewes. 

To John lewe, William lewe, and Robert Woth the custody 
of the lands and marriage of Richard Byccombe and Robert 
Morgan, to fulfil my last will and to pay my debts. 

To Richard Byccombe all my necessary utensils pertaining 
to my " hospicium " of Bromfeld, viz., a " bason," a " lafin," a 
" Potte du Tene, demy doson du Pewter vesselles vj pannys ij 
crockys," a " posnet," a " brondire," a " broche," and other 
necessaries pertaining to " Brewerne." 

To the said Richard a " Baselard harneysed " with silver, 
and a silver girdle (sonant), and a gown (togam) de " Worstede 
Furrez one Poleyngrey." 

To Robert, my brother, my sword and girdle (zonam) of 
silver, and a " Huke Furrez." 1 

To Emeline, my mother, a bed (lectum} of " Blewe " with a 
" Tapice." 

If Emeline, my mother, die before Robert, my brother, 
he shall be paid 10 marks from the lands and tenements 
of Putton, then the said Robert shall hold them till he shall be 
fully satisfied in respect of the said 10 marks. 

The residue I give to my executors to dispose for my 
soul, &c. 

I appoint executors John lewe, Willam lewe, Robert Woth, 
my brother, Thomas, parson of the church of Pulesdon, John 
Warre, Thomas Crowe, Richard Otery, and John Orchard. 

Item, I bequeath to my executors the custody of the lands 
of John Waterman, son and heir of John Waterman. 

Item, to John Orchard the marriage of John Waterman. 

Proved 6th November A.D. abovesaid. Administration 
granted to Richard Woth, esquire, brother of the said deceased. 



1 A furred huke. Wright's Provincial Glossary gives under huke, "a sort of 
loose upper garment, sometimes furnished with a hood, originally worn by men and 
soldiers, but afterwards chiefly by women." 



30 



1407. THOMAS RYMOUR. 

[16 MARCHE. FO. 121.] 

A.D. 1407, to wit, the 25th day of February, the fifth hour of 
the same day, I, Thomas Rymour, citizen of the city of Bath, 
in the presence of Sir John Norton, chaplain, and Philip 
Smythe, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
blessed Mary de Stall of Bath. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church aforesaid, 40^. 

Item, to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of Wells, 40^. 

Item, to the vicar of Stall aforesaid, los. for my tithes 
forgotten and wrongly tithed (male decimatis). 

Item, I bequeath to John Taylour, my servant (servienti} y 

IOOS. 

To John Touker, my servant, 40^. 

Item, to John Maleyn my servant, 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to Alice Byllyng, 20/2. sterling. 

Item, to John Norton, chaplain, 5^., to celebrate two trentals 
for my soul. 

Item, to John Sauage, chaplain, 5^. for the like. 

Item, I give and bequeath to John Baret, vicar of Stall, 
Richard Wydcombe and Thomas Smyth, skinner, all my 
tenement with one curtillage adjacent and all its appurtenances 
being in the West Street of the city of Bath, to have and 
to hold to them, their heirs and assigns for ever of the chief 
lords of that fee, by the services thereof due and accustomed. 
And I give unto them all my tenement in the South Street 
of the city aforesaid, to hold as above. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give unto 
Richard Wydcombe, Thomas Smythe and John Porke, to 
ordain and dispose for my soul as shall seem best to them ; and 
I make them my executors, and the said John Baret and 
Thomas Stanfory my overseers, provided, moreover, that my 
executors shall presume to do nothing in the premises without 
the consent and will of the said John Baret and Thomas 
Stanfory. 

Proved 5th March in the year abovesaid, and administration 
committed to Thomas Smythe, &c. 



itt l&jnnour. 



1407. ALICE RYMOUR. 

[16 MARCHE. FO. 121.] 

A.D. 1407, to wit, the 25th day of February, the ninth hour 
of the same day, I, Alice, wife late of Richard Rymour, citizen 
of the city of Bath, in the presence of Richard Cleve, " taylour," 
and William Harsrygge, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
blessed Mary de Stall of Bath. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church aforesaid, my 
wedding ring and my best veil (flameolum). 

Item, I bequeath to John Baret, vicar of the same church, 
for my tithes forgotten and badly tithed, 40^. 

Item, to Sir William Sauage, 4O</., to celebrate for my soul. 

Item, to Sir John Norton, ^od. for the like. 

Item, I bequeath to the parish clerk of the church afore- 
said, 2od. 

To John Taylour, my servant, 40^. 

To John Touker, my servant, 2os. 

Item, to Joan Cornour, my gown of "Watchet" 1 and one 
veil (flamiolum). 

Item, I bequeath to Joan, my sister, three yards of my 
best cloth to make her a gown, and my second best veil 
{flainioluni}. 

Item, to each of my godsons and goddaughters, \2d. 

Item, to John Malyn, my servant, 2os. 

To Isabella, wife of Richard Taylour of Bathe, 40^. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed, I give and 
bequeath to Thomas Stanfery, Richard Wydcombe and John 
Porke, to ordain and dispose for my soul, and I make them my 
executors ; and the said John Baret and Thomas Smythe, 
skinner, my overseers. 

Proved 5th March in the year abovesaid, and administration 
committed to the executors named. 



1 Watchet [Chaucer has waget ; perhaps from an O. Fr. wager from a L. L. 
veadiare, to dye with woad, from G. waid, woad]. Pale or light blue. "Watchet 
mantles," Spenser. "A robe of watchet hue," Spenser. (From the Imperial 
Dictionary. ) 



32 domemt 



1407. MARGERY BROKWORTH. 

[16 MARCHE. FO. 123.] 

March I2th, A.D. 1407. I, Margery Brokworth, of Bath, make 
my testament in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Hospital of St. Mary Magdalene at Holeweye next Bath. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of St. Andrew 
of Wells, 6d. 

Item, to Sir John, my rector, for my tithes forgotten, 6s. %d. 

Item, for the holding of my exequies and for interring my 
body, 4Os. 

Item, I give 13 gowns (togas) to clothe so many poor 
persons, and 13 pairs of shoes (sotular). 

Item, to William Sewall, a brass pot (ollam eneam) and a 
dish (pate Hani). 

Item, to Robert, son of the said William, a bason with ewer 
(pelvem cum lava?). 

Item, to Margery, daughter of Nicholas Prest, a tunic 
furred with " calabre " (unam tunicam furratam de Calabre), 
a hood (capicium) of scarlett, and half (dimidiam partem) a veil 
(veil) of Cypres. 

Item, to Roger, son of Henry Touker, a cover, a pair of 
sheets and a basin with ewer (cu laua<?). 

To Agnes, wife of William Sewall, one half a veil (veli) of 
Cypres. 

Item, to Agnes Hendeman, a tunic of red (tunicam de 
rubeo)j and half a veil of Cypres. 

Item, to Joan, my female servant (famula), a tunic of red 
and a thread veil (velu de filo). 

Item, to John, rector of the church of St. James, a tablecloth 
(mensaley and a table (tabulam). 

All the residue of my goods not above bequeathed I give 
to my executors, to dispose for the health of my soul as shall 
seem best to them ; and I ordain William Bartelott and Sir 
John Churcheward my executors, and William Sewell overseer. 

1 Mensale, mappa, linteum stragulum quo mensa insternitur (Ducange). 



)n Cable. 



33 



In witness whereof I have hereunto affixed my seal in the 
presence of John Eyton, John Northfolk, John Whyttokesmede 
and others. 

Proved ist April, 1408, and administration granted to the 
executors named on /th April following. 



1408. JOHN CABLE. 

[17 MARCHE. FO. 132.] 

nth July, A.D. 1408. I, John Cable, of Fromebraunch, 
make my will as follows : 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard 
of St. John the Baptist of Frome, by (juxta) the body of Julian, 
formerly my consort. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the vicar of Frome for my tithes forgotten, 40^. 
sterling. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the nave of the church of 
Frome the value (valorem} of 10/2. of my moveable goods. 

Item, I will that my executors shall cause a thousand masses 
to be celebrated for my soul immediately after my decease. 

Item, I will that thirteen poor men shall be clad with white 
or black garments (induantur vestibus albis vel nigris) on the 
day of my burial (sepulture) to pray for my soul each holding 
tapers (cereos) burning in their hands. 

Item, I will that one suitable priest shall celebrate for three 
years continually (per tres annos continues) at the altar of the 
holy Cross in Frome for my soul, taking yearly 8 marks 
sterling. 

Item, I bequeath 6li. of money to be distributed to the poor 
on the day of my burial. 

Item, to Joan, my wife, one-third part of all my moveable 
goods, in the name of her third of her pourparty which she may 
claim of my goods by reason of my death. 

Item, I bequeath to Lucy, my daughter, 40/3'. sterling, and a 
silver cup (dphum\ the second best, with the cover (coopertono) 

thereof, and six silver spoons. 

F 



34 omenfet TOlte. 



Item, I bequeath to Dionysia, my daughter, 40/2'. sterling of 
my moveable goods, and a silver cup (ciphu) with the cover 
thereof, and six silver spoons. 

Item, to Thomas, my brother, 2os. sterling and a gown (toga) 
of green colour. 

Item, to John Frome, clerk, 2Os. sterling and six spoons. 

Item, to Henry Twynyho, 20s. sterling. 

Item, to William Stevenys, burgess of the town of Bristol, 
20/2. sterling (ad supportand onus testamenti met). 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Gloucester, chaplain, 2Os. 
sterling to pray for my soul. 

Item, to Sir John Grene, chaplain, a gown of blue (blodii) 
colour, furred. 

Item, I bequeath 10/2. sterling for the building of the house 
William Baker holds of me. 

Item, I will that that timber (illud meremium) which 
I have at Cayv' [Cayford], shall remain for the building of 
the said house. 

Item, I bequeath to Edward, my servant (famulo) 20s. 
sterling, and a bed suitable for his standing (statui suo 
competent). 

Item, to John Beche 14/2'. sterling out of the debt of John 
Fyschewyke. 

Item, to Thomas Furbor 6s. Sd. 

Item, to Amere, my female servant (famule), 20s. sterling. 

To Edmund Webbe i$s. ^d. 

To John Banewell 6s. 8d. 

To Margery Banewell 6s. 8d. 

To Tybote, my female servant, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to Joan, my servant, 6s. 3d. 

Item, to James Craas 13^. 4^. 

The residue of all my goods I will shall be divided into two 
parts, one part whereof shall remain in the possession of my 
executors, and they shall dispose in works of charity to the use 
of the poor for the health of my soul, and for the soul of 
Julian my consort, late deceased ; the other part shall remain to 
Lucy and Dionisia, my daughters, equally to be divided between 
them. And if it happen that the said Lucy and Dionisia have 
been able peacefully to enjoy the third part of my goods as I have 



JSeautfant. 35 



bequeathed (tercia parte bonorum meorum prout superius legavi) 
then I will that each of them shall not have the 40/2'. sterling 
above bequeathed them, excepting the cups (ciphis) and spoons ; 
but if they (sic) have not been able to enjoy it, then I will that 
each of them shall have the 40/2'. sterling together with the cups 
(ciphis) and spoons. 

I ordain as my executors William Stevenys, burgess of the 
town of Bristol, Richard Molde, clerk, and John Norton, of 
Frome ; and as their overseers, John Sodbury, citizen of London, 
and John Beche, of Frome. 

Proved 3rd October in the year abovesaid, and administration 
granted to John Norton, one of the executors named, with 
power reserved, &c. And commission was directed to Masters 
Adam Attewyll, vicar of Fromebraunche, and William Bryght- 
lampton, perpetual vicar of the parish church of St. Leonard 
of Bristol, to grant administration to the other executors. And 
on the last day of October, 1408, the said executors were 
acquitted of the commission aforesaid. 

[The Cables were a well-known family at Frome, and their rebus, a K and 
a bell, occurs in a window in Frome Church. It also occurred in Grove 
Farm in Cayford, a house pulled down about six years ago. 

A John Cable is mentioned in Exchequer Lay Subsidies, 1327-8 (S.R.S., 
III, 125). He is called John Cable junior, and this seems to imply a John 
Cable senior as among the missing Frome names on p. 124. The name is 
also found as a witness to two deeds dated 1395, penes Mr. Daniel of Nunney. 

For the above information the Editor begs to thank Preb. Daniel, Rector 
of Horsington.] 



1408. JOHN BEAUSANT. 

[17 MARCHE. FO. 130.] 

Friday, the i;th of August, A.D. 1408. I, John Beausant of 
Northcurre, make my will as follows : 

First, I bequeath my soul to God, the Blessed Mary his 
mother, and all his saints, and my body to be buried in the 
churchyard of the Friars Minors in the city of Winchester. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of my parish church of 
Northcurre 6s. %d. 

Item, to the vicar of the said church 6s. 8d. 



36 



To Sir John Wolf, chaplain of the church, \2d. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the chapel of Northcurre 
3*. 4<t. 

To Sir William Wyllyg of the said chapel $s. ^d. 

To Sir John Mylys 3^. ^d. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of St. John in the soke of 
Winchester, I2d. 

To Sir Richard, rector of the said church, I2d 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Ferror, chaplain of the said 
church, 6d. 

To Sir John Pryccher, another chaplain of the said church, 
and to Sir Thomas Gornay, likewise chaplain there, 6d. apiece. 

To John Trent, my serving-man (famulo) 6s. %d. 

Item, to William Chamber, 6^. 8d. 

To William Maryon, and to John, son of Richard Tanner, 
3.5-. 4<^. apiece. 

Item, I give to Emota, daughter of Robert Goie, 13^. ^d. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed, after 
payment of my debts, I bequeath to Isabella my wife, to 
do therewith at her pleasure ; and I make the said Isabella and 
Robert Beausant, my son, executors of this my will, and Richard 
Tanner aforesaid overseers thereof. 

Proved 3<Dth August, 1422, and commission issued directed 
to the rector, vicar or chaplain of the parish of Northcurre 
aforesaid, to grant administration to the executors in the will 
named. 



1408. THOMAS TERRY. 

[18 MARCHE. FO. 142.] 

I, Thomas Terry, Canon of Wells, this 2Oth day of January, 
A.D. 1408, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial in the church of Wells, 
in the tomb (tumuld) which I have lately had prepared for my 
burial. 

Item, I bequeath to each canon and vicar of the said church 
present at my exequies, as well in my house as in the church at 



Cfjomas C*rm 37 



the "placebo" and " dirige" at vespers, 6d., and at the mass of 
my burial, another 6d. ; and to each other chaplain present, 2d. 

Item, I will that no public service (commune solempne) shall 
be held for me on the day of my burial, except of (de) the 
ministers who shall be serving about the altar in celebrating the 
mass of my burial, and of the poor coming together to my 
burial. 

Item, I will that, as soon as conveniently may be, cloth of 
russet to the value of 5 marks shall be bought and distributed 
among my poor parishioners of Bokelonde and Symondysburghe 
at the discretion of my executors, that they may specially pray 
for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church of Wells 
5 marks to be raised (Jevandas] out of the goods which are due 
unto me in the said church. 

Item, I will that my household servants (famuliares mei) 
shall have meat and drink (esculenta et poculentd] of my goods 
for one month after my decease, so that in the meanwhile they 
may provide themselves with services (ut interim possint sibi de 
serviciis suis providere) ; and each of them shall have his whole 
salary for one year. 

Item, I bequeath to John Ayshwyke, one maser (maserum) 
bound with silver with a cover silver gilt (argento ligatum cum 
cooperculo argenteo deaurato). 

Item, to John Garslade, my servant (famuliari\ 40^., one 
brass pot (ollam eneani) and pan (patellam), and vessels of 
electro 1 (yasa electrind] to be appointed at the discretion of my 
executors, and clothing for the springtime. 

Item, to John Dulcynge, my groom (garcioni), 2Os., and 
clothing for the spring. 

Item, to John James, my pupil (alumpno\ 40^., and clothing 
for the spring. 

Item, I bequeath to John Terry, my brother, a new gown 
with a hood, and 2os. ; and to the wife of the said John a gown 
with a hood, and 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to the two daughters of the said John Terry 
not married, to each of them a new gown with a hood, and a 

1 Electrum : mixtura qusedam seris et stanni nomen sumens cum electro a colons 
similitudine (Ducange). 



38 &omentet TOtlte. 



sum of money for their marriage at the discretion of my 
executors. 

Item, to John Smythe of Cokesle, a new gown with a hood, 
and to his wife, my kinswoman (cognate mee), a new gown with 
a hood, and 20^., one brass pot and dish, and one basin with 
ewer. 

Item, to Thomas Garslade, my servant (famuliari), 2Os. 

Item, I will that Stephen Webbe, my tenant (tenens), shall 
be sufficiently remunerated for his labour at the discretion of 
my executors. 

Item, I remit and release to William Pokyngton all the debt 
he owes me, to wit, 4 marks, and I will that his pledges (vadia), 
which I have in my keeping shall be delivered back to him. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Master Thomas Cosyn and John Hody, canons of 
the church of Wells, to dispose the same for my soul, and I 
make them my executors ; and to each of them for their labour 
I bequeath $li. and a silver cup with a cover. 

Proved the last day of January in the year abovesaid, and 
administration committed to the executor named, &c. 



1408. JOHN PASSEWARE. 

[18 MARCHE. FO. 143.] 

A.D. 1408, last day of January. I, John Passeware, rector of 
the church or chapel of Compton Hawey [Over Compton] 
diocese of Sarum, bequeath my soul to God and my body to be 
buried in the porch (portico) of the parish church of Lymyngton, 
diocese of Wells. 

Item, to the church of Wells 40^. 

Item, for thirty trentals to be celebrated 5 marks and 15^. 

To the rector of the church of Sampfford a best bed with 
all the apparel (apparatii), a silver cup with a cover, a maser 
(maserum), six good spoons, and a " manualer 

Item, to the church of Compton Hawey a " missale" an 
" ordinale" and two pairs of vestments which are in the church. 

To the Friars of leuelcestre one quarter of wheat. 



39 



The residue of all my goods, &c. ; I give to Robert Passeware, 
rector of Sampfford. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Knoyell my estate which I have 
in my tenement in Lymyngton, called " Waleffordes." 

I make Robert Passeware, Robert Knoyell, Roger Werewyk, 
Adam Langthorn, and John Passeware my executors. 

8th February, A.D. 1408, commission issued to prove. 



1409. WILLIAM MAINELL. 

[19 MARCHE. FO. 151,] 

The 2nd day of December, A.D. 1409, a commission was 
directed to Sir Robert Percy vale, rector of the parish church of 
Sawmford, diocese of Bath and Wells, to commit administration 
of all the goods, &c., of William Mainell, of Sawmford, intestate, 
to Isabella, relict of the said William, John, her son, and Joan, 
her younger daughter. 

They were acquitted I4th December, in the said year. 



1409. JOHN GRENE. 

[20 MARCHE. FO. 157.] 

On Thursday, the morrow of the Circumcision of the Lord, 
A.D. 1409. I, John Grene, canon of the church of Wells, 
bequeath, &c., and my body to be buried in the chapel of 
St. Martin in the church aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to be distributed in the choir (in choro\ 
between the ministers (ministros\ of the church, as the custom is, 
on the day of my sepulture, 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to the work (opus) or fabric of the church 
of the Blessed Andrew aforesaid 2Os. 

To my mother if she be alive 2Os. 

To Master Thomas Barton 2os. 

To John Leye 40* and a best piece (pecid) of silver with a 
cover. 



40 



To John Huglet 40^. and a second best piece of silver with a 
cover. 

To William Pheleppes, chapjain, 1 3 s. ^d. to pray for my soul. 

To John West 2Os. and a piece of silver called " brode pec" 

To little John of the kitchen 6s. 8</. and a brass pot (ollam 
eneam). 

To Thomas Maye 6s. Sd 

To Walter Wylton $s. ^d. and a gown (toga) of red colour 
with a hood (capicid). 

To Edith Dukke my best lined cloak (armilausam 
dupplicatawi). 

To William the Cook (Coko) a spit (veru) and a second best 
pan (patellam). 

The residue of my goods I give and will that they be 
distributed amongst the priests and indigent poor. 

I appoint John Leye, vicar of the said church, and John 
West " laicus " my executors, and Master Thomas Barton and 
John Huglet, supervisors. 

Proved 28th January, A.D. above. Administration committed 
to John Lye and John West, the executors named, &c. 



1409, MASTER RALPH ERGHUM. 

[21 MARCHE. FO. 161.] 

The third day of March, A.D. 1409. I, Master Ralph Erghum, 
Precentor of the cathedral church of Wells, bequeath my soul to 
Almighty God and the Blessed Virgin Mary, and my body to 
be buried in the cathedral church of Wells next the tomb (juxta 
tumuluni} of Ralph, formerly Bishop of Bath and Wells. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the same church 5 
marks. 

The residue of my goods I give to Master Ralph Philipp, 
Edmund Kenyam, and Thomas Barton my servant (servienti), 
and I make them executors. 

Proved on the 24th day of the aforesaid month of March, at 
Stapulford, in the year abovesaid. Administration committed 
to Thomas Barton. 



William &towton. 



1409. THOMAS SOPERE. 

[19 MARCHE. FO. 148.] 

2Oth March, A.D. 1409. I, Thomas Sopere, make my will 
in this manner. 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
Apostles the Blessed Peter and Paul of Northcory. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar there qod. for tithes forgotten. 

Item, to Sir William Wyllynge 6d. 

And whatsoever residue there shall be of all my goods not 
bequeathed, I will they shall remain to Alice, my wife, and 
Thomas, my son, to dispose for my soul as shall seem best to 
them ; and I ordain as my executors Thomas Mile (Mil) and 
Alice my wife. 

Proved 3rd October in the year abovesaid, and on the 
nth of the said month administration committed to the 
executors named. 



1410. WILLIAM STOURTON. 1 

[27 MARCHE. FO. 216.] 

A.D. 1410, 20th day of July, I, William Stourton, make my 
will in this manner. 

I bequeath my putrid body, naked as it came into the world 
except for a linen cloth covering the same, to be buried in the 
enclosure (septruni) (sic), of the cloister of Whitham of the Car- 
thusian order, at the pleasure of the Prior and Convent of the 
same. 

Item, I will that on the day of my burial five wax lights 
(ceret) shall be ordained, each of the weight of one pound at the 
most, without "herce" 3 (herced) or any other apparatus (apparatu}. 

Item, I will that twenty black cloths (panni nigri) shall be 
distributed to John, my son, to Margaret, my daughter, and to 
my brothers, sisters and servants (servientibus). 



1 A piece of linen is pasted over part of this will. 

2 A frame for supporting lights (see Prompt, Parv., p. 236). 



G 



42 &onur$et OTtlte. 



Item, I ordain that on the day of my burial there shall be 
distributed to the poor at the discretion of my executors. 

Item, I will that on the day of my burial there shall be 
offered a red (rubeus) cloth of gold at the first mass, and a cloth 
of damask at the second mass. 

Item, I bequeath to the said Prior and Convent, a basin 
of laton, containing four gallons (lagenas) at the least, for 
washing their feet. And if it happen that the visitor of the 
said order will not in any wise accept the same basin, then it 
shall be sold, and the money thereof coming converted to the 
pious uses of the said Prior and Convent. 

Item, I bequeath to John, my son, a red missal worth 10/2. ; 
also another missal covered with black silk, worth 1 2 marks ; 
a new psalter worth 5 marks ; one gradual worth 5 marks ; one 
breviary (portiforimn) which I had of the gift of my father; 
one book of physic (fiscico), worth 40^. ; one legend of the saints 
" de Anglico" worth 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to my reverend Lord and Father, the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, one cup with a cover of gold. 

Item, to Margaret, my daughter, 200/2'. for her marriage ; and 
if it happen that she die unmarried, then the said 200/2'. shall be 
disposed by my executors for the souls of my parents, my wife 
and all the faithful deceased. 

Item, I will that all my servants shall be remunerated for 
their labours at the discretion of my executors. 

Item, I give and bequeath all other my goods and chattels 
not bequeathed to be disposed for my soul. And of this my 
will I make William Hankeford, knight, my beloved brother 
John Stourton, and Morgan Googhe executors. 

Proved 22nd September, 1413, and administration granted, 
&c. 



1410. JOHN WYKE. 

[22 MARCHE. FO. 172.] 

I, John Wyke, of Nyenhide, on Friday next before the feast 
of the Apostles Simon and Jude, A.D. 1410, bequeath to the 
vicar of the church of Nyenhide for my tithes forgotten 6s. 8d. 



43 



Item, I bequeath to the same church to construct anew in 
the same church an " yle " secundum visum et ordinacionem 
uxoris mee loli. 

To find a fit chaplain from my rent in Welyngton and 
Milverton to celebrate for my soul, my parents' [souls] and of 
all others deceased for twenty years in any place where my wife 
shall wish. 

The residue I bequeath to Katherine, my wife. 

To Katherine, my wife, all my lands, &c., in Welyngton and 
Milverton for the term of her life. The reversion of a moiety 
after her decease I bequeath to John, my son, and his issue 
male ; for default of such issue to Richard, my son, and his 
issue male. The reversion of the other moiety I bequeath to 
Richard, my son, and his issue male ; for default to the said 
John, my son, and his issue male. 

If it happen that the said John and Richard die without issue 
male I bequeath all the said lands to the said Katherine and 
her heirs for ever, on condition that they be sold and the money 
be distributed for my soul and the [souls] of my ancestors. I 
appoint the said Katherine my executrix. 

Proved 3rd November in the year abovesaid. Administration 
committed to Katherine, relict, &c. 



1410. NICHOLAS NETH. 

[23 MARCHE. FO. 23.] 

Friday next after the feast [November 25th] of St. Katherine 
the Virgin, A.D. 1410. I, Nicholas Neth, burgess and " mercator " 
of Briggewater, bequeath my soul to God, and my body to be 
buried in the parish church of the town aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the Master and Convent of the house of 
the Hospital of St. John the Baptist to celebrate for my soul and 
for tithes forgotten 6s. 8d. 

To the vicar of the parish church of the town aforesaid to 
celebrate for my soul one trental. 

To every chaplain in the parish church aforesaid to celebrate 
for my soul I2d. 



44 



To the Convent of the Friars Minors of the town, aforesaid 
to celebrate for my soul " unum tricenaler 

Item, to Custancia, my wife, all my lands and tenements in 
Briggewater, her heirs, &c., for ever. 

The residue of my goods I give to the said Custancia, and 
I make the said Custancia my executrix. 

Proved I4th February in the year abovesaid. 



1410. ISABELLA PYKE. 

[23 MARCHE. FO. 180.] 

9th March, A.D. 1410. I, Isabella Pyke, of Merlynch 
[Moorlinch], diocese of Bath and Wells, bequeath my body to be 
buried, by the leave of the curate (curati) of the same place, in 
the church of Merlynch. 

Item, to Sir John Smyth, vicar of Merlynch, 2s. 6d. 

To Sir Robert Wattes, chaplain, qsd. 

To Sir Richard Bygge 2s. 6d. 

To the perpetual vicar of Mertok 6^. 8d. 

To Sir John Shyllyngford 2s. 6d. 

To the chapel of Staunton Gabriell in Dorset ^od. 

The residue I bequeath to Hugh Pyke, my brother, and I 
make the said Hugh my executor. 

Proved I7th June, A.D. 1411. Administration committed to 
Hugh Pyke, the executor named. 

[In Subsidy Roll 13 Hen. IV (1411-12), testatrix's brother's lands are 
thus set forth : 

"Hugo Pyke cert. ter. in Pykesaysshe, Milton ffauconberge et 
Merlynche, xxli." 

(Bath F. C. Proc., ix, 3, 193.)] 



Robert Carter. 



45 



1411. ROBERT CARTER. 

[23 MARCHE. FO. 180.] 

A.D. 1411, on the Feast of the Nativity of St. John the 
Baptist, I, Robert Carter, make my will in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my body to holy burial (sacre sepulture] 
in the churchyard of St. Mary de Staft of Bath. 

Item, I bequeath to William, my son, 10/2. 

Item, to my mother according to her necessity (juxta 
exigendam suam) at the governance of my wife, io/z., (ad guber- 
nacionem uxoris mee), at divers times every year 2 marks, to 
the full payment of the said io#. And if it happen that my 
mother die before the full payment thereof, I will that my wife 
shall have the residue. 

Item, I bequeath and give to Master John Rydeler 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to complete my obsequies (ad exequias 
meas complendas) 10/2. 

Item, to each of my menservants (famulorum) cloths for 
garments (vestes ad togas), viz., to each of them two ells (ulnas). 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells \2d. 

Item, to the rector of the church of St. Michael without 
the gate (extra portam) 6s. 8d., to celebrate for my soul. 

Item, to the Friars Carmelites of Bristol 3^. ^d. 

Item, to the monks and convent of Bath icxr. 

Item, to John Hygecok e 40^., which John I ordain assistant 
(adjutoreni} of the execution of my will. 

Item, to William Wytte 2os. 

Of this my will I make Thomasia my wife executrix ; and 
bequeath the residue of my goods to my said wife. 

Proved i6th July in the year abovesaid, and administration 
afterwards committed to the executrix by the discreet men 
(discretes viros) Sir William Heyford, Master of the House or 
Hospital of St. Mary Magdalene, and Sir John Baret, perpetual 
vicar of the parish church of Stall (de Stall) of the city of Bath. 
The executrix was acquitted on the 7th August following. 



4 6 



1411. JOHN ANDREW. 

[23 MARCHE. FO. 181.] 

24th June, A.D. 1411, administration of all the goods, &c., 
of John Andrew, whilst he lived of the town of Taunton, lately 
dying intestate, committed to William Sloo, clerk, of Lamport, 
in the said diocese, apparitor. 



1411. WILLIAM PELAWE. 

[24 MARCHE. FO. 191.] 

I, William Felawe, called " Congesbury," clerk, rector of 
the parish church of Porteshede in the diocese of Wells, this 
Saturday the 29th day of August, A.D. 1411, make my will in 
this manner : 

First, I bequeath my body to sacred burial (ecclesiastice 
sepulture}. 

Item, I bequeath to the light (lumini) of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary by the entrance (introitu) of the choir (chori) in the church 
of Wells 2Qd. 

Item, to the fabric of the said church of Wells los. 

Item, to the light (lumini) of St. Katherine in the same \2d. 

Item, to the light in the chapel of All Saints \2d. 

Item, to the light in the chapel of St. Nicholas \2d. 

Item, to the light of the Holy Cross of Congesbury \2d. 

Item, to the lights of St. Katherine, St. Nicholas, and 
St. Congar (Congari) in the same church, i8d. y in equal portion 
(equali porcoe). 

Item, I bequeath to my venerable master, Master Richard 
Dray ton, 405. 

Item, to Master Richard Broun, canon of Salisbury, 13^. ^d. 

To Master John Storethwayte one great ancient journal 
(antiqu papirum} formerly of Simon de Sudbury, archbishop of 
Canterbury, and a book called " Innocent," to pray for my 
soul. 

Item, I bequeath to the prior and convent of Stov 9 dale 



OTtlltam dFetafoe. 47 



[Stavordale] IQJ., to be divided equally to each (cuilibet equaliter 
dividend}. 

Item, to the prioress and nuns of Minchin Barrow (de Barwe 
Monialium) ios. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Burgh, John Axebrugge, John 
Alampton, Walter Mone, Geoffrey Larkesboke, John MasCay, 
William Hopere, Roger Mellys, John Barstaple, Nicholas Face, 
to each of them, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to Sir Matthew Bremeft, vicar of Weston by Bath, 



Item, to Sir John Stoutfold, rector of Holcombe, 

Item, to Sir John Gay, priest, one old bed with testers 
(lectum cum capitibus} and one " materas " new. 

Item, to Sir William Boron my associate at Rome (socio meo 
Rome] now dwelling at Hungerford, 40^., and my black cap 
(et capellum meum nigrum de traune). 

Item, I will that my executors shall cause to be celebrated 
for my soul, and for the souls of those whose faculties I had or 
have in my custody (quorum habui vel habeo facilitates in mea 
custodia), 105 masses of the Trinity, 105 masses of the Virgin 
Mary, 105 of the Holy Ghost, and 105 for the souls of all the 
faithful deceased, as soon as it can be done. 

Item, I bequeath to the common hall (aule cffi) of the vicars 
of Wells i $s. ^d. 

Item, to the common hall of the Annuellars (Anuellariorum) 
of Wells ios., to celebrate and pray for the souls as above 
(quibus supra). 

Item, I bequeath to Dame Katherine Slo, Prioress of 
Scheftesbury, that small sum (modicum) which she has in her 
hands from mine (de meis\ and in addition to this, 13^. 4^. 
And I will that the said dame (domino) shall have a bed (lectum) 
of Worstede with sheets which she once kindly gave me (que ad 
me sui gratia gr at anter transmisif) to pray for my soul and the 
souls of others as above. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Pennard, chaplain, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to Sir William Pokyngton 2s. 6d. 

Item, to Thomas Felawe, my brother, of Tanbrygge, 2Os., 
and that which he has for long had in his hands (et illud quod a 
diu habuit in manibus suis). 



Item, to Philip Sadler and Margery, his wife, six silver 
spoons, and the moiety of the money which they owe me. 

Item, to Edith, their servant (servienti), one white " parpyne," 1 
one pair of sheets of Westvale. 

Item, to Adam Inhyne, my new psalter (psalterium). 

Item, to each canon and vicar of the church of Wells, present 
at the Placebo and Dirige of my mass and burial (misse et 
sepulture mee), if it be in Wells, $d., and to each other priest 
(presbitero) present and celebrating on that day or on the 
morrow of that day, id. 

Item, to each decrepit person (decrepito) in the parish of 
St. Cuthbert and Congesbury 2d. 

Item, I will that forthwith after my death there shall be 
distributed to poor clerks for " psalters" said for me (pro psalteriis 
pro me dicend\ 6s. 8d., to each, id. 

Item, to honest priests to say " Placebo " and " Dirige " for 
me, IQS. 

Item, I will that if any canon of the church of Wells will 
celebrate the office and bury (sepelire] me, he shall have 40^., 
but if a vicar does this, 2od. 

Item, I bequeath for glass windows (pro fenestr*] vitriis) to 
be made (fiend) in the church of Porteshede 40^. 

Item, to make a window in the upper part of the nave of 
the church of Wells, 5 marks, on condition that (ita quod) it be 
made within one year after my death. 

Item, I will that 2os. shall be distributed among my 
poor parishioners of Porteshede within two months after my 
decease. 

Item, I bequeath to John Penryng, with my lord (domino meo) 
Richard Drayton, one old gown (gounam) of russet lined (dup- 
plicatam), one " Corcet" one coat of skin with sleeves (canusiam* 
cum brace]), one hood (capicium\ and one whole pair of hose 
(unum par caligarum integrum). 

Item, I will that each poor person coming on the day of my 
burial, and on the thirtieth day after, shall have one loaf (panein) 
worth \d. of good dough (de bona pasta). 

1 ? Perpoint, Fr. pourpoint. 

2 Canusinse pelles, rufae vel subrufbe (Ducange}. 



Robert ftnogel. 49 



Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the parish church of 
St. Werburgh of Bristol 2Os. 

Item, if any of my legatees aforesaid die before me, their 
legacies shall be null. 

The residue of my goods and the goods of others now being 
in my custody, I will that my executors shall do (faciant) and 
distribute for my soul and for the souls of those whose goods 
they were, in masses, divine offices, alms, and other pious 
works. 

And I ordain as my executors Sir Robert Burgh, Sir Walter 
Mone, and Sir John Axebrugge, perpetual vicars in the church 
of Wells, and to each of them I bequeath 2Os. sterling. And 
for my overseers I name the venerable men my lord Master 
Richard Drayton aforesaid and Master Robert Brown, canon of 
Salisbury ; and to Master Robert Brown I bequeath six silver 
spoons. And I will that each of my executors fulfilling and 
completing (adimplend et perficienf} the burden of the execution 
of this my will, shall have 2Os. Done and written at Wells. 

Proved 3rd June, A.D. 1412, and administration committed 
to Sir Walter Mone, one of the executors named. 

[1408, Dec. 5, Will Congresbury instituted rector of Portishead ; he was 
formerly rector of St. Werburgh, Bristol. (Somerset Incumbents, p. 281.)] 



1411. ROBERT KNOYEL. 

[24 MARCHE. FO. 188.] 

A.D. 1411, November nth, I, Robert Knoyel, &c. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wells 
13.?. 4^. 

To the fabric of the church of Sampford [Orcas] 13*. 4#, 

To Master Robert, rector of the same church, 2Os., and 
an ox. 

To John, the chaplain there, 13^. ^d. 

Item, to Joan, my mother, a cup (siphum) with a cover < 
silver. 

To Thomas, my son, a ring and a horn ornamented wit 

silver, 

H 



50 



To William Carter, my servant (famufo), 6s, %d. and a 
black heifer and a gown (togam). 

To the daughter of the same William 6s. 8d. 

To John Ruse 6s. 8</. and a gown (togam}. 

To John Janyn 6.T. &, a gown, and a red mare. 

I make Joan, my wife, executrix. 

The residue I bequeath to Joan, my wife, and my boys. 

Proved Qth February in the year abovesaid. 

[In a Subsidy Roll 13 Hen. IV (1411-1412), testator's son's lands in 
Somerset are as follow : 

" Thomas Knoyell certas terras in Sanford et est Ludeford, xxli." 

(Bath F. C. Proc., ix, 3, 192.)] 



1411. MARGARET DE CORTENAY. 

[24 MARCHE. FO. 188.] 

I, Margaret de Cortenay, I4th November, A.D. 1412 [1411, 
see probate] make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the cathedral church of 
Bath next the body of my reverend lord and husband Sir John 
de St. Lo (Sancto Laudo). 

Item, I bequeath to the Prior and Convent of the said 
church of Bath, to celebrate and pray for my soul, 10 marks. 

Item, to the fabric and ornaments of the chapel of the 
chantry of Alre (alr\\ 10 marks. 

Item, for expenses to be made about my exequies and 
burial, 10/2. 

Item, I bequeath to my son William, Lord de Botreaux, 
twelve silver dishes (discos), two " chargeours," and six saltcellars 
of the better suit (secta) of my silver vessels. 

Item, one entire bed of silk of Saracen work with all the 
apparel belonging, and four qwysshins of the same work. Also 
one blue (blodium) bed powdered (puiverizafam) with white 
figures (signis) with the hanging and canopy (cum aula et 
camera) and all the apparel of the same suit. Also one hanging 
of black and white " Wyrsted " " cum penna de Tatterine." Also 
all the vessels and utensils belonging to my kitchen which are 



IHargaret fce Cortmaw. 51 

at Alre and Newton Seintloo. Also one basin with ewer with 
the arms of Seintloo engraved (insculptis). 

Item, I bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth, wife of the said 
William, one cup of silver gilt with a little cover, to wit, the one 
with the short foot (c r to pede}. Also my carriage (carectam) called 
" le char" with all the apparel of the same. 

Item, I bequeath to my daughter Margaret de Botreaux, one 
gown (jupam} of blood coloured (sanguinei) cloth furred with 
" menyuer," and one gown of starling (sturion) coloured cloth 
furred with pure (puro) " menyuer." 

Also one entire bed of Tany [tawny] with curtains (costerj 
fixed on it (infixis} with the arms of Herford and Deuon, with 
six qwysshins of damask. 

Item, I bequeath to Richard Donnyll 6os. 

To John Bury, 40^. 

To Alice Donnyll and John, her son, 10/2. 

To the aforesaid Alice, two " Kirtells," one of " Sangwyn " 
and the other of starling colour (storion). Also my " cofres " 
called " Trussyngcofrez " and all my napery (mappariam) and 
sheets ; and all my chests and " cofrez " being in my keeping on 
the day of the making of these presents at Newtonseintloo. 

Item, I will that all my silver vessels not above bequeathed, 
as well at Bryggewater as at Nywtonseintloo, shall be changed 
(mutantur) into chalices and other church ornaments by my 
executors and distributed by them to the praise of God to divers 
churches, provided that those who shall happen to hold (pccupare) 
the said vessels shall be bound to pray for the soul of Sir John 
de St. Loo, my late husband, for my soul, for the souls of Sir 
John de St. Loo his father, and Ella his consort. 

Item, I bequeath to Agnes Schort one gown (jupam} of blue 
furred with lambskin ; and one " Kyrtell " of blue. 

Item, to Joan Alee, one gown of " sangwyn " furred with 
lambskin. 

And I ordain my executors Robert Vele, Richard Virgo, 
Richard Donnyll and John Bury ; and William, Lord de 
Botreaux, my son, my overseer. 

In witness whereof I have affixed my seal to these presents. 

1 Costerium, rideau, courline (Ducange}, 



52 ^omenttt OTtlte. 



26th January, 1411, commission issued to Masters John 
Hody and Ralph Canon, canons of the cathedral church of 
Wells, to prove the will of Margaret de Courtenay abovesaid 
deceased ; and /th February in the year aforesaid administra- 
tion was committed to Richard Donnyll and John Bury, two of 
the executors named. 



1411. JOHN WADHAM, KNT. 

[25 MARCHE. FO. 193.] 

I, John Wadham, knight, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried where it shall please God 
to dispose. 

Item, I bequeath to Joan, my wife, 100/2., two great silver 
dishes (discos) called " chargeours," eighteen silver dishes, six 
silver saltcellars, my better silver basin (peluem) with a ewer 
(lauacro), two silver cups with covers, made in the manner of a 
chalice, one cup silver gilt, my better vestment with the apparel 
of the altar of the same suit, my better chalice, missal, portuous 
(portiforium), the two better cloths (niappas) with towels 
(inanutergijs) four brass bowls (alias] , two plates (patellas), three 
of the better beds, whereof one of " Tapsarie " ; two jugs 
(picarios), 1 viz., one pottle,* and one quart (ununi potellum et unum 
quartum) of silver, one silver saltcellar, one pix \pixidem) called 
" Pere" ; all the stock (instaurum) of wines at Muryfeld, and 
one waggon (plaustrum) bound with iron. 

Item, I bequeath for paying four chaplains to be hired 
(locandorum) for one year to celebrate for my soul, and the souls 
for which I am bound, 40 marks ; and if this can be done at a 
less price, the residue shall be expended for the souls of Maude, 
late my wife, my father and mother, Richard Brankescomb, 
Margaret his wife, Cicely Turberuill and all faithful deceased. 

Item, I bequeath for my funeral expenses lO/z. 

Item, to each of the orders of Friars of London, 1 $s. ^d. 

1 Picarius, quidam ciphus, Anglice " a curskyn." Wrighfs Vocabularies 
(Wiilcker), i, p. 602. 

2 Pottle, a liquid measure containing four pints. 



n OTatrtjam, Ite. 53 



To the Friars Preachers of Exeter, icxr., and to the Friars 
Minors there, IDS. 

Item, I bequeath to the amending of the church of 
Brankescomb, 2Os. 

Item, to the amending of the church of Knouston, 2Os. 

Item, to Joan, formerly wife of Walter Scherp, one cup 
called "pea." 

Item, I bequeath to Cicely my sister, IQOS. 

To Agnes, her daughter, 13^. ^d. 

To William Hankeford, one silver cup with a cover. 

Item, I bequeath 6 marks 3^. 4^. to celebrate one thousand 
masses immediately after my decease for my soul. 

Item, to William my son, 100/2., six silver dishes (discos), one 
great dish called "charger," one silver jug (picarium) called 
" potett" one saltcellar, one bed of " Tapserye," eight oxen and 
one hundred sheep. 

Item, I bequeath to John my son, 100/2., six dishes, eight 
oxen, one silver jug (picarium] called " Quarte," and a great dish 
called " Charger." 

Item, to Walter my son, 40/2'. 

Item, to Margery my daughter, 100/2. 

To Joan my daughter, 100/2. 

To Elizabeth my daughter, 100/2. 

To Thomas my son, 100/2. 

And if any of my said infants die before they come of age or 
be promoted, the sum bequeathed to them shall be divided 
among my other infants. 

Item, I bequeath for holding the anniversary of me and of 
Maude late my wife, one hundred sheep so long as it may last. 

Item, to each of my executors administrating besides my 
wife, 5 marks. 

Item, to each of the daughters of John Serteyn by Margery 
his wife, except Joan, wife of Walter Merwode, ids. 

Item, to Joan, wife of William Wyke next Colompton, $os. 

Item, to Thomas her son, 40^. 

Item, to the three brothers of the said Thomas, to each of 
them 13^. 4d. ; and to Julian his sister, ten sheep. 

Item, I bequeath to Bartholomew Pyle, 40^. 

To John atte Heyghes of Sylferton, 20s. 



54 ^onunJH: TOtllS. 



To the Abbot and Convent of Athelney, to pray for my soul, 
5 marks. 

Item, I bequeath to the mending of the muddy way (vie 
lutose) between Clyst and Nyweton Popelford, 4/2. 

Item, to the mending of the muddy way from Scheftysby 
towards Schirborn, lOCtf. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar of Wythlakyngton, 2Os. for 
tithes forgotten, and that he may pray for me. 

Item, I bequeath to the mending of the church aforesaid, 2Os. 

To the vicar of Ayshull, 6s. %d. 

To John Deye, 6s. %d. 

To the Friars Preachers of Yeuelchester, 20s. 

Item, I have remised to John Healleway 2Os. that ho 
owes me. 

Item, I bequeath to John Walsche, 40^. 

To John Brwer, my priest ( presbitero], 2Os. 

To John Thuselburgh, los. 

To John Cook of Haydon, i$s. ^d. 

To Edith Caylly of Ilton, 6s. M. 

To Walter Clerk of Ilton, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the vicar of Brankescomb church, for tithes 
forgotten, and that he may pray for me, 6s Rd. 

Item, to the mending of the church of Haydon, ios. 

Item, to the prisoners of Yeuelchester, 40^. 

To Agnes Deye, 4.0^. 

To John Whyte, my chaplain, 2Os. 

To John Schyphurd of Cleyhanger, qod. 

Item, to Nicholas Olyuer, 6s. 8d. 

To the mending of the church of Ilton, 13^. 4^. 

To Thomas Hay ward, 6s. &d. 

Item, I bequeath to Joan, my wife, the residue of all my 
goods not above bequeathed or disposed, and I make the said 
Joan and the aforesaid William Hankeford and Bartholomew 
Pyle executors of this my will. 

In witness whereof to this my will I have affixed my seal. 

Given on Saturday, the Feast of St. Gregory the Pope, 13 
Hen. IV [March 12, 1411]. 

Proved I2th August, A.D. 1412. Commission to Masters 
John Grylby, rector of Donzete, and William Torporlegh, rector 



n Co gait. 55 



of West Dowlesh, diocese of Bath and Wells, to commit 
administration, &c. 

[In Subsidy Roll 13 Hen. IV (1411-12), testator's lands in Somerset are 
as follows : 

"John Wadham miles man. de Myryfeld certas terras in Hardyng- 
ton, Gudeston, Overattebar et Chilton, xlii li." 

(Bath F. C. Proc., ix, 3, 192.)] 



1412. JOHN COGAN. 

[25 MARCHE. FO. 194.] 

? 1 5th (vx) June, A.D. 1412. I, John Cogan of Welles, make 
my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
parish church of St. Cuthbert of the town aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church 2od. 

Item, to the vicar of the same church 4.0^. 

Item, to the church of the Blessed Mary of Kerdyff 2od. 

Item, to the bridge of the said town of Kerdyff 6d, 

Item, to John Webbe, my servant (servienti), $s. 

Item, to Dionisia, my servant (servienti), 6s. 8d. 

The residue of my goods I bequeath to Agnes, my wife, and 
John, my son, whom I make my executors, and William Trewe, 
overseer. 

Proved 26th August, A.D. as above, and administration 
granted to John, son of the deceased ; and commission directed 
to Master Ralph Canon, canon of Wells, under date of the 2/th 
of the said month, to grant administration to Agnes the relict 
and executrix. 

[Particulars of the family to which the testator belonged will be found in 
Genealogies of Glamorgan, by G. T. Clark, p. 378.] 



56 



1412. JOHN LYNDENYSSCH. 

[25 MARCHE. FO. 195.] 

The 2Oth day of June, A.D. 1412. I, John Lyndenyssch, of 
Wodelond Abbatis, bequeath my soul to the Blessed Mary and 
all the saints, and my body to ecclesiastical burial in the parish 
church of Mershton Bygod. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the mother cathedral church 
of Wells i2d. 

To the fabric of the parish church of Mershton aforesaid 2os. 

To the rector of the same church 2s. 6d. to celebrate for my 
soul. 

To the parish chaplain of Merschton aforesaid 2s. 6d. to 
celebrate for my soul. 

To the wardens (custodibus) of the said church who now are 
and who shall be to maintain one torch (tortam} in the church of 
Merschton aforesaid for ever 2Os. 

To the fabric of the chapel of Hynddon 2os. 

Item, to the windows of the parish church of Frome 13^. ^d. 

To Robert, my brother, loos, or the true value, and one best 
brass pot. 

To the daughter of the same Robert 2os. or the value, a bed 
(lectum), a brass pot, a pan (patellam), and a cow. 

Item, to Ancelin, his son, 40^. or the value, a bed (Jectuni), a 
brass pot, a pan (patellam), and a black cow with calf. 

Item, to John, his son, 4/2. or the value, a basin (peluuin) with 
a ewer (lavacrd), a bed (lectum\ " album y poudred cum medley," 
six silver spoons, the best chest (cistam), a best table cloth 
(mappam) with a best napkin (inanutergo). 

To Peter, my sister's son, a gown (togam) or new cloth for a 
gown, and to each of her boys i$s. ^d. or the value. 

To John Hywet 40^. or the value, a brass pot, a pan 
(patellam\ and a cow. 

To Walter Homan 2os. or the value, a cover (coopertorium), 
two coverlets (lodices), two sheets, a new gown (togam), and an 
old one. 

To Edith Roman 40^. or the value, 40 pounds of wool of 
blue (blod) colour, a brass pot, a pan (patellam) "j Flicche beef 



& j flicch bacun," two bushells of salt, one quarter of barley 
malt. 

To each of the boys of John Drende 40^. or the value. 

To all the boys of John Duke 6s. 8d. or the value. 

To Lawrence, my servant (servienti michi\ 2os. or the value. 

To Philip, my servant, loos, or the value. 

To Thomas Webbe 40^. or the value. 

To John, son of John Batte, I2d. 

To John, son of Lawrence Webbe, 1 2d. 

To the boys of William Sampson 1 3^. ^d. or the value. 

To Alice Cokes 6s. 8d. or the value. 

To the wife of John Goulde 6s. 8d. or the value. 

To Joan, daughter of John Pryket, I2d. 

To John Grene of Culmynton 40^. or the value. 

To Thomas Fraunces of Frome 40^. or the value. 

Item, I will that on the day of my burial thirteen poor be 
clothed " de novo Russeto" 

To each of my godsons \2d. 

To John Brut and William Colesborne, my executors, all 
that close with the buildings, &c., called " Lovecokesheyes " in 
Mersshon Bygod, which lies between the tenement of Jordan 
Daungun on the one side and the close called " Castelheyes " on 
the other side ; to hold for twenty years. Paying therefor to 
the chief lords 6s. 8d. at four terms of the year. 

The residue of all my goods I give to my executors, John 
Brut of Hynedon, and William Colesborne of Frome, to dispose 
to the honour of God and for the health of my soul. 

Witnesses. Thomas Salmon, parish chaplain of Merschton, 
John Grene, chaplain, John Perys, the elder, John Laurence, 
Philip Lorynge, and many others. 

Proved 26th September, A.D. abovesaid. Commission directed 
to Masters Nicholas Steur, rector of the parish church of 
Sparkeford, Adam Attewell, vicar of Frome, diocese of Bath, 
and John Wycombe, notary public, to commit administration to 
the executors, &c. 



6mntr*et 



1412. ROBERT BERUGHULLE. 

[27 MARCHE. FO. 211.] 

On Thursday next before the Feast [July 20] of St. Margaret 
the Virgin, I, Robert Berughulle of Chiew, diocese of Bath and 
Wells, A.D. 1412, make my will, &c. 

My body to be buried in the parish church of Chiew. 

To the fabric of the said church 2Os. 

To Sir Robert, vicar of the place, 30^. to pray for my soul. 

To my father and my mother 205"., and to my father a green 
gown furred (j togam virid" cum penut). 

To Richard Roper one other green gown furred (J at togam 
virid" cum penut annex). 

The residue to Isabella, my wife. Executors, John Berughull, 
my father, and the said Isabella. 

Dated at Chiew. 

Proved 26th July, A.D. 1413, by the said executors, Sir John 
Ford, chaplain, celebrating divine services in the chapel " super 
Le Bak" Bristol, commissary. 



1412. WILLIAM TWYNYHO. 

[26 MARCHE. FO. 201.] 

The last day of October, A.D. 1412. I, William Twynyho of 
Frome, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial (ecclesiastice sepulture) in 
the parish church of Frome. 

Item, I bequeath to Adam, perpetual vicar of Frome, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to each chaplain of the said church present at my 
exequies on the day of my obit (obitus mei) 1 2d. 

Item, I bequeath 4/2. $s. ^d. to certain priests to celebrate for 
my soul 1,000 masses with haste (cu festinacoe) after my obit. 

Item, I bequeath 20*. to be distributed amongst the lame and 
feeble (claudos et debiles] a penny apiece on the day of my obit 
(obitus]. 



Cestfootre. 59 



Item, to thirteen poor persons present at my exequies on the 
day of my obit (pbitus\ thirteen pairs of hose (calligar*) and 
thirteen pairs of shoes (sotularium). 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and grant to 
Alice, my wife, and John, my son, whom I ordain my executors, 
that they may dispose for my soul in pious uses. 

In witness whereof I have to these presents affixed my seal, 
these being witnesses, Sir Richard Molde, Richard Pavely, 
William Polayn, William Collesborn, Richard Osbarfi, and many 
others. 

Proved the penultimate day of December in the year above- 
said, and administration granted to John, son of the deceased, with 
power reserved, &c. ; and commission directed to Sir Adam 
Attewell, perpetual vicar of Frome, 2nd January in the said year, 
to grant administration to Alice, relict of the deceased. On the 
6th of February following the executors were acquitted. 



1412. JOHN TESTWODE. 

[25 MARCHE. FO. 194.] 

In the name of God, Amen. 

A.D. 1412. I, John Testwode, sound of mind, make my will 
in this manner. 

First, I bequeath my soul to God and my body to be buried 
in the chapel of St. Mary within the parish church of Trente. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells 3*. 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Trente for the sustentation 
of the work (opus) of the said church los. 

To the sustentation of the work of the church of Chilton 
3J. Afd. 

Item, I bequeath for celebrating a thousand masses (pro 
mille missis celebrandis) for my soul within the octave after I 
shall pass away from this world, together with the expenses 
of divers horsemen (hominum equitancium) in arranging the 
matter aforesaid, iooy. 

Item, I bequeath to Isolda, my daughter, one silver piece 
with a cover to the same, having a rose embossed on the 
ground of the same. 



60 frrattrttt OTttfe. 



Item, to be distributed to divers poor persons for my soul on 
the day of my burial 6s. 8d. 

Item, to William Hommere one basinet with ventaile, avant- 
bras, rerebrace, iron gauntlets, [and] entire armour for the legs, 
together with a hauberk (unum basinetum cum ventale vauntbras 
rerbras sirotecas ferreas armaturas ad tibeas integras cum una 
loricd}. 

To Gilbert, my servant, 40^. 

To Richard, rector of the church of Compton, to celebrate 
for my soul, 6s. 8d. 

The residue of all my goods, &c., I give to Thomas Lane 
and Elizabeth, my wife, and appoint as my executors Thomas 
Lane and Elizabeth, my wife, on condition that the said 
Elizabeth shall stand to the order and disposition of the said 
Thomas, otherwise I will that she in no wise meddle in the 
administration of any of the goods abovesaid. 

Given under my seal on Monday next after the Feast of 
the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr, in the year above- 
said. 

Proved before Master John Perche, commissary, &c., i8th 
August, A.D. abovesaid. Commission to the rectors of the 
parish churches of Chyryton and Staumford, diocese of Bath, 
&c., under date iQth August, A.D. abovesaid, to commit ad- 
ministration to the executors named. 

[In a Subsidy Roll 13 Hen. IV (1411-1412), testator's lands in Somerset 
are thus described : 

"Johes Testwode tertiam partem man. de Trent, med. man. de 
Chilton, xxli." (Bath F. C. Proc., ix, 3, 192.)] 



1412. WILLIAM DORCHESTRE. 

[26 MARCHE. FO. 202.] 

7th day of February, A.D. 1412. Administration of the 
goods of William Dorchestre, rector of the parish church of 
Badyelton, diocese of Bath and Wells, intestate, was committed 
to William Paulet and Hugh Sampford, " dornicett" 



fcafeeTugt, Ent. 61 



1413. LEONARD HAKELUYT, KNT. 

[27 MARCHE. FO. 213.] 

The third of the month of August, A.D. 1413. I, Leonard 
Hakeluyt, knight. 

In primis, I bequeath my body to be buried in the church 
of the Friars Minors of Brugewater. 

Item, I bequeath 40/2'. to fulfil the testament of Henry de 
Cornwayl, deceased. If the testament of the said Henry 
requires more I will that the things contained therein be fully 
performed for the soul of the said Henry and for the souls for 
which he is bound in celebrating divine services (divind) in 
distribution (erogadone) to the poor, and in other works of 
charity. 

Item, 40/2'. of silver to be distributed in celebration and 
distribution (erogadone] and the works aforesaid for the soul of 
Thomas Hakeluyt, clerk, my uncle, and for my soul and the 
souls of my parents and all the faithful deceased. 

To the fabric of the church of the Friars Minors of Bruge- 
water 20/2'. of silver to pray for my soul and Margaret, my 
consort's, &c. 

To the parish church of Southbrent one full suit of my 
vestments nev/ly bought, and 6 marks of silver for a missal 
to be bought de novo to pray as above, &c. 

To the parish church of Bergh [Berrow] 5 marks for one 
pair of vestments, &c., as above. 

To the parish church of Estbrent 5 marks for one pair of 
vestments for the high altar, to be bought by my executors, to 
pray as above. 

To the parish church of Schepton Malet 20 marks to pray 
as above. 

To Isabella Burley, my servant (servienti meo\ 40/2. of 
silver, a silver cup with a cover, and six silver spoons. 

To Leonard Stepelton loos. 

To Richard Herte, my servant (servienti), 10 marks. 

John Parant, 2 marks. 

John Mareyn, los. 

Robert Arundell, 6s. M. 



62 



TOtlte, 



John Horner, 6s. 8^. 

To making the way called Conynglane in the parish of 
Estbrent ioos., and if anything remain I will that it be expended 
on the way opposite the manor of Grove. 

To each indigent poor person coming to the place on the 
day of my burial id. 

To twelve poor carrying twelve torches (torcheos) around my 
bier on the day of my burial, to each of them a gown (toga) 
with a hood (capudo) of white cloth. 

To Richard Pecok, rector of Shepton Malet, 10 marks. 

To Thomas Jauncy 100^., and William Hastyng loos. 

The residue of my goods I give to Margaret, my consort, 
and Sir Richard Pecok, rector of Shepton Malet, to dispose for 
my soul, &c. I appoint Margaret, my consort, Sir Richard 
Pecok, Isabella Burley, William Hastyng, and Thomas Jauncy 
to execute this will. 

Dated at Grove in Brentmarsch, co. Somerset. 

Exhibited 1 7th August, A.D. abovesaid. Commission to 
John Hody, precentor, and William Lambrok, treasurer of the 
cathedral church of Wells, to cause the executors to appear 
before them, &c. 

[In a Subsidy Roll 13 Hen. IV (1411-1412), testator's lands in Somerset 
are thus described : 

" Leonardus Hakeluyt mil. man. de Oldelond, cert. ter. in Shepton 
Malet et alibi in eodem com. xl u ." 

(Bath F. C. Proc., ix, 3, 195.)] 



1413. JOHN MUCHELDEVER. 

[28 MARCHE. FO. 219.] 

In the name of God, Amen. 

On Monday, the I4th day of August, A.D. 1413. I, John 
Mucheldeft, &c., and my body to be buried in the chancel of 
the church of Drayton. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church, los. 

Item, to the vicar of Coryreuel, one trental. 

To Thomas, my son, one quarter of wheat. 

To William, my elder son, 4 bushels of wheat. 



OTt'Utam flofole. 63 



To John, my consanguineus, Thomas Punter, John Hurde, 
and Thomas Carpenter, each 2 bushels of wheat 

To the fabric of the church of Wells \2d. 

Capeft de Westouere I2d. 

To the Hospital juxta Westouere i8d. 

To the great bridge of Langport I2d. 

To the bridge of Hambrygg I2d. 

To the way (mam) called " Cokkeslake " 2od. 

To the bells (campanas) of Coryreuel \2d. 

To two sick folk of Coryreuel, 6^. Sd. 

To John atte Witt and William Bakehous 6s. Sd. 

To Nicholas Freye, John Hyne, and William Wyte each 
one gown (jupam)* 

Item, I bequeath to Edith, my wife, 8 shillings of rent 
issuing from a burgage in Langport Estouer which John Dyer, 
Margery, his wife, and John, their son, hold for the term of 
their lives, together with the reversion, &c. To have and to 
hold to her, her heirs and assigns for ever. 

The residue of my goods, &c., I bequeath to Edith, my wife, 
to dispose for my soul. 

loth October in the year above, a commission was directed 
to Masters Robert Burt, Bachelor of Decrees, official of the 
archdeacon of Taunton, and John Bowe, notary public, to 
commit administration to the executrix named. 5th February 
in the year above the commissaries acquitted her. 



1413. WILLIAM NOBLE. 

[27 MARCHE. FO. 216.] 

1 8th September, A.D. 1413. I, William Noble, citizen and 
clothier (Pannarius) of the city of New Sarum, bequeath to the 
high altar of the church of St. Thomas the Martyr of the said 
city of New Sarum, of which I am a parishioner, for my tithes 
and oblations forgotten, 3^. 4^. 

Item, to the work (operi) of the church of Barton, in the 
county of Somerset, 2OS. 

I will that thirty pairs of linen garments (vestium) for men 



6 4 



>mners!tt 



and women be ordained from my goods of cloth which is called 
" Croys clor," and distributed amongst the poor men and women 
of the vills of Barton aforesaid and Baltesburgh most indigent, 
and especially amongst the poor of my consanguinity. 

To John, my son, locw., and to Joan, my daughter, loos. 
And I will that the said sums be placed in the custody of John 
Ruddok, father of Agnes, my wife and their mother. 

I pardon Robert Noble, of Baltesburgh, my uncle, those $s. 
which he owes me, and further I bequeath to him my gown 
of " Murrey " with a fur (penula) on the same, and a hood 
(capicium). 

To Robert Noble, my brother, and Margery, my sister, all 
those my goods which my mother bequeathed to me. 

Also I bequeath to Robert, my brother, and Margery, my 
sister, all my estate which I have of the demise of John Bridham 
in the meadow called " Edundesmede " in Baltesburgh, to be 
equally divided, &c. 

The residue of all my goods, &c., I give to Agnes, my wife, 
in the name of her pourparty and for maintaining and governing 
my children. 

I appoint the said Agnes and John Ruddok and Robert 
Warmyll, citizens of the said town, to execute my present will. 

Proved 22nd September in the year abovesaid. Adminis- 
tration committed to Agnes, the relict, and John Ruddok, the 
executors named. 



1413. EDWARD CURTEYS. 

[24 MARCHE. FO. 223.] 

Edward Curteys, Burgess of Wells. 

Monday next after the Feast [Oct. 14] of St. Kalixtus 
the Pope, A.D. 1413. I, Edward Curteys, burgess of Wells, 
bequeath, &c., my body to be buried in the nave of the church 
of St. Cuthbert, Wells, before the altar of the Cross. 

Item, to Sir William Hampine, vicar of the same church, 
for my tithes forgotten " et ignoranciis factis" 



Curtega. 65 



Item, to Sir Thomas atte Wode, chaplain, 40^. 

Item, to every chaplain being (existenti) and celebrating in 
the said church 2s. 6d. 

To each of the three clerks of the said church 6d. 

To Sir John Alampton 40^. 

To Sir Walter Mone 2s. 6d. 

To Sir William Pokyngton 2s. 6d. 

To Sir Thomas Byngham 2s. 6d. 

To Sir John Crede 2s. 6d. 

To Sir William Predy 2s. 6d. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of St. Cuth- 
bert, Wells, 2Os. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of St. Andrew 6s. Sd. 

Item, to a chaplain to celebrate for my soul one trental 
(tricennale) called " Gregorestrental M1 within a month after my 
obit (obitum). 

To six poor men id. each every Friday for a year. 

To every poor person coming on the day of my obit, one loaf 

To the Friars Preachers of Bristol 6s. Sd. 

To the Friars Minors of the said town 6s. Sd. 

I order my executors that 300 masses shall be celebrated on 
the day of my obit, or with all haste. 

To the fabric of the church of Axebrugge 10s. 

Item, to Cibilla, my mother, 5/2. of money. And I will that 
the said 5/2. remain in the custody of John Yenan, of Axebrugge, 
to deliver the said money at times when she shall want to have 
thereof. If it happen that the said Cibilla shall die, whatever 
shall be left of the said 5/3'. to be distributed amongst chaplains 
to celebrate and pray for the souls of all the faithful deceased. 

To John Meryfeld 2Os. 

To Matilda, wife of the said John, 6s. Sd. 

To Joan, wife of Thomas Walsingham, 6s. Sd. 

To Thomas Nony, of Axebrugge, 6s. Sd. 

To Margaret Silkewomman, 40^. 

To Juliana Hythe ^od. 

The residue I give to Alice, my wife, to dispose for the 
health of my soul. I make the same Alice, my wife, William 
Weye, and Richard Setter, my executors. 

1 For trental of St. Gregory see Sarum Missal (Dickinson), p. 883*. 

K 



66 



Proved I2th November in the year abovesaid. 
tration to William Weye and Richard Setter. 



Adminis- 



1414. MARGARET HAKELUYT. 

[29 MARCHE. FO. 230.] 

I, lady Margaret Hakeluyt, 29th July, A.D. 1414, bequeath, 
&c, and my body, to be buried in the church of the Friars 
Minors of Bridgewater next the body of Sir Leonard Hakeluyt, 
knight, formerly my husband. 

To Leonard Stepilton 10/2., a cloth of double texture 
(duplicis texture}, with a towel (cum towali) and one pair of 
sheets. 

To Margaret Stepilton 10 marks. 

To Joan Farawey 10 marks. 

To Joan Reynon, my sister, a silver cup (ciphum) with a 
cover. 

To Agnes, my sister, a silver cup with a cover. 

To Walter Tylly a gilt cup with a cover. 

To Isabella Burley 20 marks, a gilt cup with a cover, a cloth 
of double texture (duplicis texture), with a towel (cum towali). 

Item, I bequeath to my poor tenants and to indigent 
priests 20 li. 

To the church of Penryn a pair of vestments of green colour 
of velvet. 

To the chapel where the bodies of my father and mother are 
buried one pair of vestments and 405-. 

To Richard Hert and Agnes, his wife, 13^. 4^. 

To Edith Gonny 13.9. ^d. and a red bed with hangings (unum 
lectum rubeum cum tapeto). 

To John Parent 2Os. 

To the high bridge in the marsh 2Os. 

To brother Geoffrey Pollard of the order of Friars Minors 

JOOJ. 

To William Hugyn of the same order iooj. and one maser 
(masentm). 

I will that the said Walter Tylly be my executor. 



2Brai)tmt. 67 



nth August in the year above, a commission to Master 
Ralph Canon, canon of Wells, and John Burney, vicar of 
Puryton, Sir Richard Pecok, rector of Schepton Malet, and 
John Corps, perpetual vicar of the church of Bridgewater, to 
receive the proof, &c. 



1414. RICHARD DRAYTON. 

[32 MARCHE. FO. 249.] 

In the name of the Father, &c. I, Richard Dray ton, Canon 
of the cathedral church of Wells. 

I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells a book of 
Chronicles (Cronicarmn) and a Roman psalter (psalterium 
Romanum). 

To each vicar present in the said church and serving the 
same 6s. 8d. 

To the " Annuelarii " 2Os. and to each " Annuelario " 6s. %d. 

To Thomas Drayton a small breviary (parvum portiforium) 
and a book of decretals (librum decretalium) and " sextuin 
libriim " and " Clementinas " which he has of mine. 

To Michael, my servant (serviens) 2 marks, and to William 
Street "familiari meo " 2 marks, and to William Cateleyne 
" familiari meo " 40.?. To John, my cook in the kitchen, los. 

lOOs. to buy a breviary (portiforiuni) for the prebendal church 
of Whytlakynton. 

To John Penryn, Welsh clerk, ios. to say psalteria" for me. 

On the day of my burial I will that every poor person 
coming shall have one halfpenny loaf. 

To the said Thomas Drayton one dozen of tin vessels (de 
vase stanned] and that bed (lectuni) which he has of mine of red 
and blue. 

Item, I bequeath to the chapter of the cathedral of Wells 
a book called " Ricm de med vitt" and my other books of 
canon law. 

To John Barstaple, my vicar, 2Os., and to Agnes Wareyn 
6s. *d. 

To the vicar of the church of Kemeseye 20s. 



68 



To John Marchell, vicar of the cathedral church of Wells, 2Os. 

" Item lego magnum portiforium meum ad jacendum ex parte 
precentoris in superiori parte et psalterium meum ad jacendum ex 
parte decani in superiori parte" 

Item, I bequeath two pairs of vestments and one small missal, 
with all the ornament of the altar, to the chapel of the Blessed 
Edmund the Bishop and Confessor. 

I make my executors Sir John Alampton and Sir Robert 
Burgh, vicars of the cathedral church of Wells, and Sir William 
Pokynton " Annuelarius" and I bequeath to each of them 
undertaking the burden of my will loos, and a silver piece 
(pedant) with a cover. 

Written at Wells I5th December, A.D. 1414. 

Proved i6th March in the year above. Administration to 
William Pokynton. 



1415. THOMAS BROKE. 

[40 MARCHE. FO. 316.] 

1415, Setrysday in ye Vygyle of ye Holy Trynyte. 

I wrichyd Synner, Thomas Broke in gode Mynde and out of 
sekenesse, make my testament gyf it be the will of God, in this 
my manour of Holdech, in this manner : 

I pray God to receyve my wreched unclene soule in to his 
mercy and kepe it from dampnacion for the meke passion and 
deth that his debounte sonne oure lord Jesu Crist soffred on the 
Crosse for Cherite and pety of mankynd, and my wyll is that my 
body be beryed in the Churchhey of the Paryschchurche of 
Thornecombe as men goth over in to ye churche at ye South 
syde, ryghte as they mowe stappe on me, and a flat playne stone 
save my name yngraved yarin ; and no leede to be layde in, bote 
a grete clothe to hely my foule caryin, and of Torches bote 
three, and three taprys, and no fesl nother terment yhold, but 
three masses at my buryyng, save CCC poure men schullen 
have mete and drinke ynowe, and every man and woman of 
ham, $d. y and every child of CCC childerne, yf there be so many 
childerne, id., and thirtene poure men clothyd in Russett ylyned 
witt white, and every of ham to have %d. 



fSttmuntf tUbmJegge. 69 



Item, I bequeath to every of my poure tenauntes of Holdych, 
HHtham, Cherd, Cotteleygh and Wycrofte that haveth ygeve to 
me Capons and bederpes 1 and plouwys thouthe yey be noughte 
my tenauntes, I will that myne executours do her'gre by god 
discreccion atte ye value of 20 amonge hame ; and yf any be 
that cane pleyn hym that I have oppressed him or do wronge to 
him I will that my executours shall amende such trespasses, for 
which I bequethe ;io. 

Item, to all the other of my tenauntes except those in this 
bok beforenamed, 100 in money; and I bequethe to poure men 
blynd and lame ^100. 

And yffych have do wronge to eny of my tenauntes or mys 
tak his goodes, I will yat it be restored to ham. 

The residue of my goodes I bequethe to Johane my wyfe, 
reservyng alweys to me voile power to chaunge this testament ; 
and I ordain executours Johane my wyfe, William Beerdofi, 
sir John Dey, parson of Bageworthe, Raufe Perceuale, sir 
Edward Osborne, vicary of Thornecombe. 

Proved 5th February, 141 J, by Edward Osborne, to whom 
administration was granted, with power reserved, &c., and they 
have a day to exhibit the inventory, to wit on the first day of 
sitting (die juridico) after Easter next 

[An account of the testator is to be found in S. A. and N. H. S. Proc. 
(xliv, ii, 14), in a paper on the Brook family by W. H. H. Rogers, F.S.A., 
entitled, " Brook of Le Brook in Ilchester, Somerset, Olditch, in 
Thorncombe, and Weycroft, in Axminster, Devon." He married Johanna, 
second daughter and coheir of Simon Hanap, or Hanham, of Gloucestershire, 
and widow of Robert Chedder, Mayor of Bristol in 1360-1- By her first 
husband she had four sons ; and by her second husband, two sons, Thomas 
and Michael. This interesting will is given in full in the Appendix.] 



1415. EDMUND LEVERSEGGE. 

[30 MARCHE. FO. 236.] 

Tuesday the feast [July 2] of SS. Processus and Martinianus 
the Martyrs, A.D. 1415. I, Edmund Leversegge, of Frome, 
bequeath to the fabric of the parish church of Frome 2Os. 

1 Bed ripe (bearepium, bederipa), harvest work done by tenants as a customary 



and to the fabric of the parish church of Estlecche 13^. ^d. [East 
Leach, Gloucestershire]. 

To each of the lights (luminaruni] in the church of Frome 2s. 

To each of the lights in the church of Estlecche, \2d. 

Item, to John Harder, the elder, a cow and twelve ewes and 
a quarter of wheat and a quarter of barley. 

To John H ardor, the younger, a cow, six ewes, half a quarter 
of wheat, and half a quarter of barley. 

To Peter, my servant (servo}, 2Os, 

Item, to Robert, my son, the value of 20 marks in money 
or chattels, and a silver piece (peciam)^ a bowl (cratheram\ six 
silver spoons, and a bed suitable for his standing. 

To Richard, my son, the like. 

The residue I give to my executors to dispose for my soul, 
(the soul) of my father, &c. 

I make my executors William Gascoigne, of Briggewater, 
and John Bayworth, chaplain. 

Proved 23rd October, A.D. abovesaid, administration 
committed to the executors named. 



1415. JOHN NORTHMORE. 

[30 MARCHE. FO. 240.] 

4th December, A.D. 1415, I, John Northmore, of the town of 
Taunton, diocese of Wells. 

My body to be buried in the church of the Blessed Apostles 
Peter and Paul, of the town of Taunton. 

To the said church 3/2. 

To the vicar of the church of St. Mary Magdalen in the 
town aforesaid 5^., and to every chaplain celebrating divina in 
the same 2s. 6d. to pray for my soul and the souls of my parents 
and all the faithful deceased. 

Item, to William, my son, 40/2'., twelve silver spoons, a bed 
(lectuin} with all the apparel (apparatii), my best -silver cup and 
a basin (pelvim\ with a ewer (lavacro), a brass pot, and a brass 
pan (patellam}. 



Item, to John Hych loos, and to Matilda, his wife, a silver 
cup (cipkuin). 

To William, my brother, my best gown (togam) and 2os. 

To my brother Janyn a gown (togam} and 13.9. 3^. 

To Joan, my sister, 6s. 8d. 

To Joan, my sister, 2os. 

To John Eggenen 9 40^. 

To John Stafford 2os. 

To Alice Hych 13^. ^d. and one "stone" of wool. 

To Alice Coulyng 6s. Sd. 

To William Porter 40^. 

The residue of my goods I give to Joan, my wife, to dispose 
for my soul. 

I make my said wife, William Northmore, my consanguineus, 
William, my son, and John Hych my executors. 

Witnesses. Thomas Ufcombe, prior of Taunton, Richard 
Ufwell, vicar of the said church of St. Mary Magdalen, Richard 
Marchant and others. 

Proved 1st February in the year above. Administration 
committed to William Northmore. 



1415. JOHN VENABLES. 

[30 MARCHE. FO. 263.] 

On Sunday next after Christmas, A.D. 1415. I, John 
Venables, sound of mind, &c., bequeath my soul to God and my 
body to be buried in the chapel of St. Katherine next (juxtd) 
the chancel of the church of Congesbury. 

Item, to Sir Robert, the vicar there, for tithes forgotten 4od. 

Item, to Sir William, the chaplain there, one trental 
(trentale). 

Item, to the Prior and Convent of Bruton 2os. for tithes 
forgotten. 

To the vicar of Banewell for tithes forgotten 4Od. 

Item, for the use of the church of Congesbury a chalice 
(unum calicent], 

To William Venables, my brother and his boys, if my goods 
can reach it, my debt being paid, 10 marks. 



72 



To Richard Venables my consanguineus my gown of scarlet 
(togam meam de Scarleto] furred, with a hood (capido). 

For the use of the church of Brockley one pair of vest- 
ments. 

I make Thomas Sambroke, John Su 9 den, William Venables, 
my brother, John Chelyngton, and John Nevyle my executors. 

I will that Joan, my wife, have a moiety of the residue of my 
goods. The other moiety to pious uses. 

Proved 23rd April, A.D. 1416. Administration granted to 
the executors named. 

[In Subsidy Roll 13 Hen. IV (1411-12) testator's lands are thus given : 

" Johes Venables cert. ter. x marcs et idem Johes ibm psens 

&c. in Bristol cert. ter. xx marcs." 

(Bath F. C. Proc., ix, 3, 197.)] 

[Fo. 2390.] 

24th January, A.D. 1415, to Master Nigell Hame, Bachelor 
in Laws, rector of the parish church of Kyngyston Seymour, 
diocese of Bath, to prove the will of John Venables, " domicellus" 
of the said diocese, deceased. 



1415. THOMAS KNOYEL. 

[31 MARCHE. FO. 245.] 

A.D. 1415, January i5th. I, Thomas Knoyel, bequeath, &c., 
and my body to be buried in the church of St. Nicholas being 
on the south side of the parish church of Sampford Orskeys. 

Item, to the cathedral church of Wells 40^. 

To the church of Sampford 6s. 8d. 

Item, to Joan, my wife, a half part of all my goods. 

Item, to John Fonderay a silver piece (Jteciam) with a second 
best cover, 

To Sir John Langthorn a silver piece with the third best 
cover. 

To each of my tenants of Sampford a bushell of wheat. 

I make my executors Joan, my wife, John Funderay and Sir 
John Langthorn. 

Proved 24th February, A.D. above. Administration to John 
Langthorn. 



CUrfe*. 73 



1415. JOHN CHERNE. 

[30 MARCHE. FO. 239.] 

A certain commission issued under date 22nd January, A.D. 
1415, to Master John Theukysbury, perpetual vicar of the parish 
church of Merchfelde, diocese of Worcester, William Chepman 
and John Keynys "laicis" of the said town to pronounce the 
sequestration put by Master John Eskourt on the goods of John 
Cherne, of Bath, lately deceased intestate, to safely keep the 
goods, &c. 

And the Commissary on the 26th day of January, A.D. as 
above, released the sequestration put on the goods of the said 
deceased, and dismissed the executors named in his will, &c. 



1415. RICHARD CLERKE. 

[31 MARCHE. FO. 244.] 

I, Richard Clerke of Pennysford, make my will in this 
manner : 

First I bequeath my soul to God and my body to sacred 
burial (sacre sepulture). 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church chapel (ecce 
capett] of St. Thomas of Pennysford, loos. 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of Stauntondrew, 2Os. 

Item, to the four orders of Friars of Bristol, 4/2'. to be divided 
amongst them in equal portions. 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of Norton-Marlreward, 
1 3*. 4^. 

Item, to Richard my kinsman (cognate], 4Os. 

Item, to John Stoweye, 40^. 

Item, to John Newman, 2Os. 

Item, to Robert my son, 10/2. 

Item, to Isabel, daughter of the said Robert, loos. 

Item, to John, son of the said Robert, 40*. 

Item, to Kok of Staunton aforesaid, 2Os. 

Item, to Margaret my servant (servienti\ 2OS. 

Item, to Joan, daughter of Roger Liveden, IOOJ. 

L 



74 &omemt TOtttf. 



Item, to the fabric of the bridge of Morton for the labour of 
the hands of stonecutters (maniu latamofi. 

Item, I bequeath and ordain that my executors with my 
goods shall find four priests for one year, or two for two years, 
or one for four years, by the disposition of my executors, to 
celebrate in the chapel of St. Thomas aforesaid for my soul, &c. 

And I ordain as my executors Roger Lyveden of Bristol and 
John Foruntell, rector of Norton aforesaid, and constitute 
William Knap overseer over the said executors. 

The residue of my goods I give and bequeath to my 
executors, that they may distribute them to the poor and in 
other pious uses for the salvation of my soul. 

Written at Pennysford aforesaid, 6th February, A.D. 1415. 

Proved 2Oth February, 1415, and administration committed 
to the executors named. Afterwards, on the I4th of the said 
month, the executors were acquitted. 



1416. JOHN HOREWODE. 

[37 MARCHE. FO. 294.] 

Sunday next before the feast of St. Matthew the Apostle, 
A.D. 1416. I, John Horewode, burgess of Wells, sound of 
mind, &c. 

My body to be buried within the nave (naueni] of the church 
of St. Cuthbert, Wells, before the high cross. 

Item, I bequeath 13^. ^d. for the building of the vestry (domus 
concilii) of the same church. 

6s. 8dT. to the fabric of the same church. 

To Sir Walter Hampine, vicar of the said church, for my 
tithes forgotten, and wrongly made (et ignoranciis factis\ 4Os. 

To each chaplain coming to the said church to " Dirige " and 
mass on the day of my burial 4d. 

3/2. in general distribution on the day of my burial in bread 
to all poor coming. 

Item, iiij gowns (Jouf) of " russet" to four poor men to hold 
four torches (tortices) around my " herse " (Jierciuni)}- 

1 Hercia, hercium ; Candelabrum ecclesiasticum in modum occae, seu trigoai, 
confectum (Ducange). 



75 



To three clerks each $d. 

I will that there be a trental of St. Gregory for my soul and 
the souls for which I am bound. 

I OCXs 1 , to a fit priest to celebrate in the church of St. Cuthbert 
at the altar of the Holy Trinity for one entire year for my soul 
and the souls of all the faithful deceased. 

Item, to John Schepard one gown of blue and green furred 
with white and one doublet of worsted. 

To John, my consanguineus, " j joup de Taune furr cum nigro 
j doblet de coreo certii" 

To Thomas Galewey one gown embroidered and furred 
( stragulal furr a t). 

To John Bole one gown of blue lined. 

To John Dier one gown of green lined. 

To Agnes, my servant (servietiti), a suitable bed (lectitiu\ viz., 
with the coverlet (coopertura), one pair of sheets, one pair of 
" Blankettes" "j niateras" and 2Os. in money. 

To John, my consanguineus aforesaid, 20^. in money. 

To Thomas Blyth one girdle of silk and banded with silver 
(imam zonam de serico et stipatam cum argentd}. 

The residue I give to Margery, my wife, and Thomas, my 
son, that they may dispose thereof for the health of my soul. 

I make the said Margery and Thomas, my son, my 
executors. 

Proved 1st April in the year abovesaid. 



1416. WILLIAM EXCESTRE. 

[47 MARCHE. FO. 372.] 

The ist day of October, A.D. 1416. I, William Excestre, 
Canon of the cathedral church of Wells, bequeath to the cathedral 
church of Wells " ad operis sustentacionem " 40*. 

To the work (opus] of the parish church of Trowbngge 2Os. 

To the parish church of Bledon "ad operis sustentacio- 
" 2OS. 

To each of my executors 1 $s. 4</. 



76 &omtttlet 



The residue of my goods for the health of my soul. 

I appoint my executors, Robert Burg3, vicar of the cathedral 
church of Wells, William Pokynton, and William Pridie, 
41 annuellarii " of the same church. 

Proved 2Oth August, A.D. 1419. Administration granted to 
William Cokynton 1 and William Prydy, executors, &c. 



1416. THOMAS AUNGER. 

[38 MARCHE. FO. 299.] 

On Saturday next before the feast of St. Kalixtus the Pope 
[October 14], A.D. 1416. I, Thomas Aunger, the younger. 

My body to be buried in the parish church of Aungerslegh 
near Emmota, my mother. 

To the fabric of the parish church of Thornfaucon 3^. 4</. 

To twenty poor, each of them ^d. 

Item, volo qttod fenum et decime garbarum parva? apud 
Legh empt. et inhornat quod primo de eisdem integre Rectori ibni et 
pro aliis omnibus ecclesie pleno soluantur et quod remaneat de eisdem 
distribuatur inter pauper es tarn infra parochiam de Legh quam 
extra ad orand? pro anima mea. 

The residue to Joan, my wife, and Elizabeth, my daughter, 
and I make the said Joan my executrix. 

Proved 8th August, A.D. 1417. The executrix named is 
sworn, &c. 



1416. JOHN STONE. 

[37 MARCHE. FO. 289.] 

On Thursday, the Morrow of St. Calixtusthe Pope, A.D. 1416, 
I, John Stone, rector of the parish church of Tintenhulle, in the 
diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chancel of the church 
afore.^aid. 

1 Sic MS., but Pokynton is meant, see will of Richard Dray ton (ante). 

2 Tne manuscript is rubbed here ; probably parva[rum] is intended. 



Item, I bequeath to the fabric and ornaments of the said 
church 2Os. 

Item, to the fraternity of the light (luminis) of the Blessed 
Mary in the said church 2Os. 

To the fabric of the cathedral church of Wells 6s. 8d. 

To the fabric of the chapel of Preston 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath to William George of Tintenhulle 6s. 8d 

To John Merscheton of the same, and his wife, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the children of a Welshman (Wallicus) dwelling 
there next Merscheton 6^. 8d. 

Item, to the wife of Roger Smythe of the same place, one 
black cow now in the keeping of the said Roger. 

Item, to each poor person now in the almshouse of Yeuele, 
6s. $d. 

Item, to Ellen Gylbys of Tyntenhulle 6s. %d. 

Item, to the Bedeman 1 (oratori) of Tyntenhulle, that he may 
pray for my soul whenever he passes, praying through the town 
(orando transierat per villain}, 6s. $d. 

Item, I bequeath to John Sparwe 40^. so that he be a kind 
friend and counseller of my executors underwritten. 

Item, to John Passware and his wife 40^. 

Item, to the two serving women (duabus servientibus] of the 
said John 13^. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Gore 2Os. 

To Sir Henry Gilbert, chaplain, 6s. 8d. 

To Sir Henry, chaplain of Preston, 6s. 8d. 

To John Bardolfe, chaplain, $s. 

To Thomas Stawmpford (StaSbpford), chaplain, $s. 

And of this my will I make John Passewareand Robert Gore 
my executors. Any residue there may be of my goods not 
bequeathed, as well as of my rents in the county, shall be dis- 
posed to the honour of God and to the maintenance of the poor 
in the almshouse of Zeuele [Yeovil] lately founded, at the dis- 
position of the said John Passware. 

Proved 2ist November, &c., in the year abovesaid, &c. 



1 Beadsman, one paid or endowed to pray for others ; a pensioner or almsman 
charged with the duty of praying for the souls of his benefactors, hence in later times, 
an inmate of an almshouse. (N. E. D.) 



1416. WALTER USSHER. 

[37 MARCHE. FO. 294.] 

On the Feast [January 22] of St. Vincent the Martyr, A.D? 
1416, I, Walter Ussher, of Chiew. make my testament as follows, 
before Sir John, chaplain of the parish, and many others. 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the chapel of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Chiew, one old 
lead vessel (unu plumbum vetus). 

Item, to the use of the said chapel two ewes (pves matrices). 

To the fabric of the cathedral church of Wells 1 2d. 

Item, to Sir John Leycetir, parish chaplain, 2Od. 

Item, to Robert Seve, clerk, 2od. 

Item, to John Parson a gown embroidered and furred 
(togam stragulaf cu penults). 

Item, to Robert Toker and Juliana, his wife, a bushel of corn 
and half a small flitch (flicfi) of bacon, and to the said Juliana a 
tunic of green cloth furred (unam tunicam de panno virid 
penulaT). 

Item, to Margery Beaufitz \\ bushels of wheat. 

Item, to Robert Godering and Christine Paft a bushel of 
wheat. 

The residue of my goods I bequeath to my wife Ellen, whom 
I make my executrix. 

Proved before Master John Estcourt on the 2Qth of March, 
and consequenter the said executrix was acquitted, and paid 
6s. Sd. 



1416. ROBERT WASPRAY. 

[37 MARCHE. FO. 294.] 

On the ist day of February, A.D. 1416, I, Robert Waspray, 
citizen of the city of Bath, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Blessed Mary de Stalles in Bath near the south door of the said 
church. 



TOtlttam $tartu. 79 



I bequeath 10/2. silver to be expended about my funeral by 
the advice and agreement of my friends, and to be distributed 
to the poor. 

Item, to the parish church of Northquerry [? Northcurry] a 
chalice (unum calicent). 

Item, to each of the sons of John Deran, my brother, a brass 
pot (imam ollam eneam). 

Item, I give to Richard Widenale and John Byton, citizens 
of Bath, my tenement with the garden adjacent which John 
Harward holds of me for the term of his life, in the west street 
of the said city ; and also my tenements, rents, and reversions 
in a lane called " Plumtrelane Paynestochen " in the city afore- 
said. And I will that the said Richard and John make a feoffment 
thereof to the Mayor and commonalty of Bath, for ever, to hold 
one anniversary every year for ever, by the proctors of the 
chantry of the city aforesaid, with a moiety of the profits of 
the said lands and tenements. And if such donation cannot be 
made and done, I will that the said Richard and John do sell 
the premises, so that with the money coming therefrom they 
shall cause one anniversary to be made for the souls of myself, 
Alice, my wife, and my children. 

The residue of my goods I bequeath to the said Richard 
and John to dispose for my soul, and I appoint them my 
executors. 

To this my will I have set my seal in the presence of Sir 
John Barret, vicar of the said church of St. Mary cle Stalles 
Thomas Webbe, and John Whityng, citizens of Bath. 

Proved 29th March, A.D. 1417. 



1417. WILLIAM STARKE. 

[37 MARCHE. FO. 295.] 

A.D. 1417, i ;th April. I, William Starke, parishioner of 
the parish church of St. John the Baptist, of Frome, diocese of 
Bath and Wells, bequeath my soul to God, and my body to 
be buried near the baptistry (baptisterium) of the aforesaid 
church. 



8o 



Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Wells 6s. M. 

To the fabric of the conventual church of Bath $s. 4^. 

My debts and funeral being paid, one part of my goods 
which remain to be distributed for my soul, the second part to 
William, my son, and Dionisia, his sister. The third part to 
Lucy, my wife. 

A suit of vestments to the high altar of the church of Frome, 
" cum toto apparatu decenti et honestoT 

To the vicar of the said church 40^. 

To the chaplain of the parish 5^. 

To Cristiana, my daughter, 23/2'. 6s. 8d. 

To Juliana, my sister, 10 marks. 

To each of my servants 40^. 

My executors shall pay during the life of my mother by the 
week I2d. 

I appoint executors Robert Cras and John Perys. Sir John, 
chaplain of the parish of Frome, overseer. They to dispose the 
residue of my goods for the health of my soul and the souls 
of my parents. 

Proved I3th May. 



1417. RICHARD WEYVYLE. 

[40 MARCHE. FO. 314.] 

A.D. 1417, 1 3th May. I, Richard Weyuyle, of Rademyld 
[Rodmell, Sussex], in the diocese of Chichester, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the great church of the 
monastery of St. Pancras of Lewes, viz., within the procession- 
aisle (processionem). 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Chichester, 2O.y. 

Item, I bequeath for 3,000 masses to be celebrated for my 
soul in three days immediately after my death, 12/2. los. 

Item, to each priest (presbitero) celebrating masses for my 
soul on the day of my death, 6d. 



81 



Item, to each poor person coming and praying for my soul 
on the same day, id. 

Item, to each priest (presbitero) celebrating mass for my 
soul at my exequies, 6d. 

Item, to each poor person coming on the same day, id. 

Item, I bequeath to Simon Hegham, Davy, Symon Cook, 
Dangard, John Rykyer, and Launceman, my domestic servants 
(famulis meis domesticis}, io6s. $d. among them, and this by 
the oversight of my executors. 

Item, I bequeath to John A 1 fray the younger of Grenstede, 
that he may pray for my soul, 2os. 

Item, to the church of Rademeld, one chest with an iron 
cover, to place the principal vestment in, and keep it safe. 

Item, I bequeath to the said church one " Couerlit " of 
" tapeset " work painted (depictam) with white dogs, to lie before 
the high altar at the principal feasts. 

Item, to Mercy, wife of Nicholas Carrew, one primer (preni) l 
with devotions (cum devocionibus). 

Item, I bequeath to Elizabeth Elunham, one gold cross with 
a gold chain. 

Item, I will that my manor of Cattefeld together with the 

advowson of the church of St. A shall remain to the 

convent of the monastery of St. Pancras of Lewes for ever, 
provided the said convent shall hold my obit specially every 
year for ever, and that the said convent shall have one pittance 
in the same refectory in all wood to the said manor belonging 
reserved to my overseers and executors to my use. 

Item, I will that all my lands at Bolne shall remain to 
Walter Bolne, Joan, his wife, and Richard, their son, for the 
term of their lives, all wood growing on the said land reserved 
to my own use. 

Item, I will that my lordship of Bekynhaldre in co. Somerset, 
and my lands at Horseye and Welyngdon, shall be sold and 
disposed for my soul, viz., on priests to celebrate masses, on the 
poor and on making necessary ways. 

Item, I will that all my lands at Pycombe, Sadelescumbe, 
Sonde, and Oldelond in Dychenyng shall be sold and disposed 

1 It is possible that precu is meant ; and the meaning would be one rosary. 

M 



8i donursfet 



among my kinsfolk \consanguineos) as there shall be most 
need. 

Item, I will that my manor of Blachyngton, with my armour 
(armis\ shall remain to my right heirs male for ever. 

Item, I will that my land called Bakwyk in Dychenyng shall 
remain to Richard, son of Walter Bolne, my godson, for the 
term of his life, and after his decease shall be disposed for my 
soul. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed shall remain 
one half to Agatha, my wife, and the other half to Walter Bolne 
and Master Stephen Overton, whom I make my executors ; and 
Sir Robert, lord of Ponyngges, Sir Thomas Sakeuyle, knight, 
and Nicholas Carrew, my overseers. 

Proved loth December [1417], and administration granted 
to Walter Bolne of Bolne, in the diocese of Chichester, with 
power reserved, &c. 



1417. JOHN DE HAJIYNGTON, KNT. 

[41 MARCHE. FO. 325.] 

8th June, A.D. 1417. I, John de Haryngton, knight, lord of 
Aldyngham, intending to visit foreign parts outside the kingdom 
of England by God's grace, make my will in this manner: 

I bequeath to Elizabeth, my wife, a moiety of all my silver 
plate (vassalli). 

Item, I bequeath to her all ornaments of the wardrobe, 
chamber, hall, pantry, " botlerii? kitchen, larder, oven (pistrine), 
and stable with all utensils pertaining to my households, in the 
counties of Somerset, Devon, and Cornwall. 

I appoint Elizabeth, my wife, Thomas Baldyng', clerk, John 
Corleston, the elder, Thomas Broughton, and John Russell, 
clerk, my executors. 

Proved 26th April, A.D. 1418. 

[In a Subsidy Roll 13 Hen. IV (1411-1412), testator's lands in Somerset 
are as follows : 

"Johes dns de Haryngton mil. man. de Porlok et al. cert. ter. 
xvli." (Bath F. C. Proc., ix, 3, 199.)] 



83 



1417. SIMON SKYNNER. 

[38 MARCHE. FO. 299.] 

25th June, A.D. 1417, I, Simon Skynner, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of 
St. Andrew the Apostle of Chiew Episcopi. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church, 6s. $>d. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of St. John of Devyse 
3J. 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to celebrate one hundred masses for my 
soul, i os. 

Item, to Robert, my son, 40/2'. 

Item, to Joan, my servant (servienti), 10 marks. 

Item, I give and bequeath to Isabella my wife my four 
tenements in the town of Devyse, to hold to my said wife for 
her life, with remainder to Robert my son, and the heirs of his 
body lawfully begotten. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 
to Isabella, my wife, whom I appoint my executrix, to ordain 
and dispose for the health of my soul as shall seem best 
to her. 

In witness whereof to this my present will I have affixed 
my seal. 

Proved, &c. [sic]. 



1417. JOHN RODENEY, ESQ. 

[51 MARCHE. FO. 405.] 

I, John Rodeney, esquire, make my will in this manner, to 
wit, on Thursday the Feast of St. Mary Magdalene, A.D. 1417, 
and 5 Henry V. 

I bequeath my body to be buried as God has ordained. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the parish church of 
St. Andrew of Bacwell, 10 marks. 

Item, to Tristram Guynhero, 40*. 



till ills'. 



Item, to William Arderum, 40*. 

To John Rooke, IQOS. 

Item, I will that Agnes my wife, John Walsshe, rector of 
the church of Saltforde, and John Rooke, shall pay my debts 
and the debts of my father out of the residue of my goods 
not bequeathed ; and that they shall receive from John 
Seynt Jon 250 marks which he owes me, and shall keep it for 
the child to be born to me, if God will it shall be born into the 
world ; and if it die before it come to full (perfectam) age, then 
I will that Walter Rodney, my son, shall have of the said money 
loo/z., and my wife shall have 100 marks. And if the said 
Walter die before he come to full age, then the said 100/2. shall 
be disposed for my soul by the oversight of Agnes my wife, 
John Walsshe and John Rooke, whom I make my executors. 
In witness whereof I have affixed my seal. 

Also I will that my feoffees the which beth seised of all my 
landys and rentys in the schyre of Somersett do ther wyth as 
syre John, the parson of Saltforde, and John Rooke shalle 
Certyfye ham in my be halve, for y haue declared my wylle 
and myn entent to ham. 1 

[No probate act.] 



1417. JOHN SPERWE. 

[40 MARCHE. FO. 319.] 

A.D. 1417, July 25th. I, John Sperwe [Sparowe in margin} 
of Yeuyll, in the house of Walter Chauntemerle, situate in the 
parish of Cattestoke, diocese of Salisbury, make my will in 
this manner. 

I bequeath to Alice, wife of Walter Chauntemerle afore- 
said, 4Os. 

To Thomas Garde, clerk, my servant, 2os. 

To William Schort, of Mertoke, co. Somerset, all my 
lands, &c., in Langport Estover, and Westover, Yevell, Stoford, 
Milbornc, Dorchester, and Scheftesbury. To have and to hold 
to the said William, his heirs and assigns, for ever. 

1 The last clause is written in English. 



The residue I bequeath to the said William Schort that he 
dispose of the same for the health of my soul. I make the said 
William Schort my executor. 

Proved i/th February, A.D. 1417. Administration to 
William Schort, the executor named. 



1417. JOHN SHIRFORDE. 

[46 MARCHE. FO. 361.] 

On the Feast [August i] of St. Peter which is called 
ad vincula, A.D. 1417, I, John Shirforde, canon of the Cathedral 
Church of Wells, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the nave of the church 
of St. Stephen of Constance (Constan} near to (prope) the 
corpse (cadaver] of Master William Corke lately deceased. 

Item, I will that all my money being in exchange (in cambio) 
in the society of John Victor, to wit, 30 ducats (de Camera) 
shall be expended about my funeral and other works of piety 
in the best way that can be done at the discretion of my 
executors. 

Item, I bequeath to Roberga my mother, if she be surviving, 
half (inediam parteni) of that money which is in my purse, to 
the sum, as I estimate, of 10 marks in all. 

Item, I will that my book called "lira" which I have caused 
to be written in part here in Constance, shall be completed, and 
given to the Cathedral Church of Wells, there to remain for 
ever. 

Item, I will that all books being at Banewelle be delivered 
to the Prior and Convent and the house of the Carthusian order 
of London, under the same condition as I delivered certain of 
my books to them a short while (modicum) before my departure 
from England, to pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to Brother John Welle "pcenitentiarius" for 
the English nation in the Court of Rome, 2cxr. 

Item, to Frederick my servant, 2os. 

The residue of my goods, after my debts are fully paid, I 
bequeath to John Codeforde, rector of Hibukyngton in the 



&mmmt OTtTR 



diocese of Exeter, and to John Thretheake the elder, esquire, 
whom I make my executors in this behalf, there being then 
there present Sir Henry Mary, canon of Wells, Sir Michael 
Carvebone and Sir John Reynolds, priests, and others, and the 
said executors to the administration of the premises by me 
earnestly solicited (requisitis) and not refusing. 

Proved 25 October, 1419, and administration committed 
to the executors named. 

[See the note at the end of the next will.] 



1417. JOHN WELLES, 

[46 MARCHE. FO. 366.] 

On the Morrow of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary, A.D. 1417. I, John Welles, doctor of decrees, canon of 
Wells, and rector of the parish church of Chedesey, diocese of 
Bath and Wells, &c. My body to be buried in the church of 
St. Stephen Constafi near the place where Master William 
Corff is buried. 

Item, I will that from my goods there be bought and made 
a cover (coopertoriwri) of black " Bukeram " in suitable quantity 
with a cross of white linen in the middle for covering my bier 
when I shall be borne to the church, which shall remain there 
for ever, for the special use of the English (Anglicorum) on 
condition that they be altogether excused from payment to the 
said church by reason of gold cloth or of other whatsoever for 
having burial there. 

All my vestments and other goods shall be sold and 
distributed in celebrating masses and other works of piety for 
my soul and the souls of all my benefactors deceased. 

I release to Thomas Smyth, husband of my cousin (conso- 
brine mee) those 40^. which he owes me. 

To my two sisters, to each of them living, 10 marks. 

I will that all my books be sold and of the money let 
priests be hired (conducantur] who shall celebrate masses and 
other divine offices in the parish churches of Chedesey and 
Lekamstede, diocese of Lincoln, as long as the said money 



ftruton. 87 



shall last, for my soul and the souls of all my benefactors 
deceased. 

Item, avunclo meo vicario de Stowe dicte Lincoln dio<? omnia 
candelabra mea de laton exist' in custodia dicte Johis Grype. 

Item, to John Grype, chaplain, two new basins (pelves) with 
ewers (cum lavacris] and two gowns (togas] being in his custody 
to pray for my soul and the souls aforesaid. 

To Thomas Fermour, my clerk, my breviary (portiforium) 
and my book of " Decisiones Rote" newly bound in paper, also 
my white rosary (precaria) with gilt beads (gaudiis) to pray for 
my soul and for good service done to me. 

From the residue of the money coming from the church of 
Chedesey, after my debts paid, if it can be done, I will that 
there be bought a suit of honest vestments for the said church, 
and if there shall be anything over let it be given in relief of 
the parishioners at the collection of the fifteenth granted to the 
Lord the King. 

I make Master John Stortwhayt, Sir Robert Burgh, and the 
said Thomas, my clerk, executors. 

Dated at Constanc at the time of the general Council there 
celebrated. 

Proved Qth November, A.D. abovesaid. Administration 
committed to Thomas Fermor. 

[The Council of Constance which the testator was attending at the time 
of his death, lasted from 1414 to 1418. An account of it will be found in 
Creighton's Papacy, Vol. I, Bk. 2.] 



1417. MAG. RICHARD BRUTON. 

[39 MARCHE. FO. 310.] 

In the name of God Amen, I Richard Bruton, Canon of 
Wells, make my will in this manner. My body to be buried in 
the parish church of Bruton, in the chancel. I bequeath to 
Sir John Cosham, prior of Bruton, j silver " bolle" with a cover 
(coopertorio) to pray for me. 

Item, to the abbot of Mochelney that he may pray for me 
"/ Fiat " piece (pec} with a cover. 



88 &omcr*ft 



Item, to each friar, being a priest, of the four orders of 
Friars, Preachers, Minors, Carmelites, and Augustine "in 
religione existenti" in the county of Somerset and the town of 
Bristol 2s. 6d., on condition that each of them celebrate by 
himself {per se) if he is able or otherwise cause to be celebrated 
by another xxx masses for my soul within forty days from the 
time of the receipt of the legacy, if he can, or otherwise as 
quickly as he conveniently can. 

Item, to each friar, not being a priest, of the said orders and 
houses 2od. to say for my soul or for those to whom 1 am bound 
twenty times (vicesies) " Placebo " et " Dirige? that is, xx 
- Placebo " and <: Dirige" 

Item, to each community of the said orders and houses 
within the circuit above named 6s. 8d. to have me commended 
in their prayers (suffragia), 

Item, to each monk and canon being a priest of all religious 
houses within the diocese of Bath and Wells and the town of 
Bristol, to wit, " Austynys" and " G aunty s " 2s. 6d. for the 
purpose aforesaid. 

To each monk and canon, not being a priest, of the said 
houses 2od. for the purpose aforesaid. 

Item, to each community of the said houses 6s. %d. for the 
purpose aforesaid. 

Item, to each Canon residentiary in the church of Wells 
and of St. Paul, London, and also to each vicar and annuellarius 
being a priest in the said churches 2s. 6d. 

To each Canon or vicar of the said churches not a priest 
2od. for the purpose aforesaid. 

To each friar of the four orders in London, Sarum and 
Winchester as above to each friar not a priest of the said 
houses 2od., to each monk, being a priest, of the Charterhouses 
in Zelewode, London and Henton 2s. 6d., to each monk not a 
priest 2od. to each community of the sa;d houses 6s. 8d. 

Item, to each chaplain serving in the parish churches of 
Bruton, St. Cuthbert, Wells, or any of my benefices 2s. 6d. for 
the purpose aforesaid. 

Item, to each of the choristers (corustoruin) of Wells, altarists 
(altar is tarum\ tabellars (Tabellariorum\ masons (lathamorum) or 
their servants (serviencium)^ and also to the sacristan (sacriste) 



iaicfjartr button. 89 



and his servant (servienti) \2d. so that each of them who can 
say his psalter shall say eight " psalteria " for my soul, and he 
who cannot say his psalter, shall say eight "psalteria " of 
St. Mary for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath 40^. to six persons, so that each of them 
say for my soul a hundred " Placebo " and " Dirige" 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wells 40^. 

Item to the fabric of the bridge near the mansion " Le Cellys 
atte Mulle " (juxta mansionem Le Cellys atte Mulle) between 
Ynglesham and Hyworth, in the county of Barkschire, for the 
health of my soul and of the souls of John Keake and William 
Workman 2Os. 

To the fabric of the bridge of Lechelade near there 2os. 

To the Church of Barewardescote [z>., Buscot, Berks] for 
mending the books and the chancel 2os. 

For the fabric of the same church 2Os. 

For the fabric of the Collegiate Church of St. Endellion 1 
and of the chancel there 40^. 

Item, to each brother being a priest of the houses of the 
Hospitals of St. John at Wells, Bath, and Bruggewater 2s. 6d. 

Item, to each poor person lying in bed in their own or other 
houses not being able to go out by reason of sickness in the 
towns of Wells, Bruton, Axbrugg, Glaston, Shepton, Corscumbe, 
Evercryche, Milton, Bruham, Hyham, Kyngesbury, Lydeyard, 
and Asshull 6d. 

I ordain that icxxy. be distributed between chaplains 
celebrating every day for my soul magna festinacione non 
expectata testamenti probacione sed per unum executorum meorum 
de bonis suis propriis fiat, non parcendo taboribus neque expensis 
quin hee Missee omnino celebrentur in diversis magnis villis ultra 
predicta legata infra xv dies ab hora mortis niee. 

To each poor person coming on the day of my sepulture to 
seek alms id. 

To each priest present at my exequies on the day of my 
sepulture, at " Placebo " and " Dirige " 4^., and at mass 4^. 

Item, I will that around my body there be xiij poor men 
" vestiti cum xiij Tapres in manibus portantibus cum uno nigro 

1 R. B. held the prebend of Bodmin in the Church of St. Endellion, Cornwall 
(Bp. Stafford's Register, pp. 155, 201). 

N 



90 ^onurset Mills. 



panno novo ornato albo panno novo, quidem pannus jacet supra 
tumbam corporis mortui usque ad diem anniversarii" with two 
tapers (cereis} burning at the head and at the feet ; during which 
time id. to be distributed every day to each chaplain celebrating 
in the church of Bruton for my soul, and I will that on the day 
of my sepulture exequies be made at Bruton by night amongst 
the Canons and others of the vill, in the parish church, and let 
drink (pottts) and other necessaries be distributed to them as the 
custom there is. Giving to each Canon or chaplain present at 
the exequies ^d. and at mass on the morrow ^d. and to each 
poor person coming id. and to the Convent of Bruton there pro 
refectione in the refectory " de signo Trouet " [or Tronet] that my 
name may be placed in the bead roll (inartologizetur} amongst 
their benefactors and 40^. to the convent " ut in eorum 
Martologio" 

To the convent of Mochelney I will that there be given by 
night to each monk ^d. and on the day of my sepulture to each 
monk 3^., and to each poor person coming there the value 
ofi^ 

On the day of my sepulture let there be delivered to the 
vicars of Wells for their communacione in the hall 6s. 8d. and 
also I will that there be delivered to them one good piece (/*?) 
with a cover (coopertorid) and one good table cloth (Mappam 
mensalem) and 2OS. to pray for my soul. 

To the poor of London lOCtf. 

To the poor of Winton 6os. 

To the poor of Sarum 6os. 

To the poor of Bristol 6os. 

To the poor of Exeter $os. 

To the poor of Taunton 30^. 

To the poor of Bruton and Wells equally 30^. 

To the poor of Mochelney ios. 

To the poor of Bath*2Qr. 

To the poor of Bruggewater 30^. 

To the poor of Glaston 2Os. 

To the poor at Somerton 1 $s. ^d. 

To the poor at Crokhorn 2Os. 

To the poor lying at Wellington, Cherde, Wyvelyscombe, 
Wynsham, and Northcory 



3&td)artJ JSruton. 91 



To the poor at Kyngesbury 40^. Hyham 40^. Asshull 2Os. 
Lydezerd 2Os. Chelmeley 1 13^. 4^. St. Endelient 2Os. 
Lamport los. 

To the house of Stauerdell for repairing the dormitory 
house loos. 

To the poor in Castelcombe near Bath 6s. 8d. 

In Montagowe 6s. 8d. 

In Combe near Horsyngton 6s. 8d. 

In Exford 6s. Sd. 

In Mynhede i$s. ^d. 

In Axbrugge 6s. 8d. 

In Zelchestre 6s. 8d. 

Item, one pair of vestments to the churches of Kyngesbury, 
Asshull, Hyham, Lydeyard, Chelmeleche, and St. Endelient 

Item, I bequeath to the annuellarii of Wells one maser (j 
ciphum Murreu) one table cloth (j mappam mensaleiri] j tuell 
and j small piece and 2Os. to register my name et in eoruni 
martologio et me recommendatum inter eorum suffragia quolibet die 
habeant. 

To the poor lying at the " Spytelhous " in Bruton, to pray for 
me 6s. 8d. 

To the poor lying in the hospital at Briggewater, to pray for 
me los. 

To the poor lying in the " Spy tell" at Taunton, to pray for 
me 3-y. <\d. 

To the poor lying in " le Spytelhous" at Bristol which 
Brastaple made, to pray for me 2Os. 

For repairing the way between Dynr [Binder] and Wells 40^. 

For repairing the way from Wells to Woky 2Os. 

For repairing the way from Kewardysbrigge below Parkwall 
to the end of the said wall (parief) 2os. 

For repairing the way from the house of the " bercaria " 2 of 
the Prior of Bruton to Estrope and beyond $Os. 

For repairing the ways within the parish of Kyngesbury 50^. 

All my fire-wood (ligna focalia) at Wells at the disposal of 
John Axbrugge or another to be distributed amongst the poor. 

. to the said John to buy " torvys" for the poor. 

1 Chumleigh (Devon). 

2 Bercaria, a sheepfold. 



92 



I will that for several years the vicars celebrate in the 
church of Wells per cursum eorum at the altar of St. Mary 
Magdalen every day for my soul and my parents' " hora 
pulsacionis secunde prime" receiving I2d. each week. 

The same at Bruton and Staverdele. 

And let one small " tabula " at the time of mass be placed 
before the priest's eyes whereon shall be written " Orate pro 
anima Ricardi Bruton parentumque eius et omnium animarum 
pro quibus tenetur" My other vestments not bequeathed except 
''furratas" and other new vestments to be converted to pious 
uses, I will that they be distributed to the poor in this town of 
Wells and Bruton et de quolibet Materas de meis fiant ij sic de 
aliis Blankkettes Keuerlytes et aliis omnibus ut quiscumque 
modicum accipiat et sic distribuantur pauperibus, et neccessaria 
vestimentorum meorum qui usibus pauperum non decent, vendantur 
bene et fideliter et de precio eorundem emantur panni et dis- 
tribuantur inter dictos pauperes, quia peccunia decito consumitur. 
Et volo quod quolibet die Mercurii per tres annos distribuantur 
Welt maxima pauperibus indigentibus xxxd. Et quolibet die 
dominica pauperibus jacentibus apud domum Hospitalis sancti 
Johannis Welt iijd. Et quolibet die Veneris jacentibus apud 
Bruton maximis infirmis et indigentibus xijd. per triennium ut 
supra. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Martyn xxs. 

To John Bokyngton xiij^. iiijW. 

To Master Roger, Master of Bruton xxj. 

To the chaplain of the parish of Bruton vjs. viijd. 

Item, I bequeath to my executors all lands and tenements, 
which I purchased in the town of Bristol and the suburb of the 
same to sell after my death, and dispose of them or mortgage 
them for providing a chaplain to celebrate for the health of my 
soul and my parents' [souls] in the parish church of Bruton. 

Item, 1 bequeath to my executors all lands and tenements 
&c., which* I purchased of Thomas Wyke in Langport and 
Estcoker, on condition that they be sold after my death and 
distributed to the poor for the health of my soul. 

The residue of my goods to be distributed for my soul by 
my executors. 

I make my executors Sir Robert Burgh, Hugh Kene, 



. &tcf)arfc ffiruton. 93 



William Poulet, and Master John Sudbury ; and their supervisor, 
Master Reginald Kentwode. 

Dated at London the penultimate day of October, A.D. 1417. 
Witnesses. John Hereford, John Wyghton, priests, and Master 
John Bodman, notary public, William Offord, and Thomas 
Vyrly. 

Codicil. 

Penultimate day of October, I, Richard Bruton, Chancellor 
of the church of Wells, bequeath my body to be buried in the 
parish church of Bruton in the chancel, and I will that my body 
be brought or carried as soon as possible after my decease from 
London to the said parish church of Bruton. " Et volo quod 
ordinetur unus lapis de Marbill ad superponendum super corpus 
meum cum ymagine sacerdotis superius sculpto? 

I will that my executors appoint for the high altar of the 
said church of Bruton " unum docer et Fronteli unius secte et ij 
Curteyns et etiam unum aliud docer et frontelt cum duobus 
Curteys bene et competentibus steynatis alterius secte et duos pannos 
pro lecterno predicti Concetti et duos pannos pro Cruce ad 
processionem et quatuor pannos pro Ckoro dicti Cancelli viz. duos 
pannos competentes steynatos de miraculis beate Marie et alios 
duos de miraculis beate Marie Magdalene competentes in longi- 
tudine et latitudine" 

I will that my executors cause all the glass windows to be 
mended and repaired and keep them so mended as long as they 
conveniently can. 

Item, I will that there be ordained by my executors from 
my rent in Bristol and Lamport for one chaplain to celebrate 
for ever in the church of Bruton at the altar of All Saints by 
the good advice of my most loving master the Prior of Bruton 
and I will that the residue of the said rents shall aid for other 
priests celebrating in the church of Wells according to the form 
of my testament. 

Item, I will that there be placed in the hands of the 
" Cornunarius" of the church of Wells x/z. to be distributed to 
the canons, vicars and other chaplains present on the day of my 
anniversary at "Placebo" and " Dirige" \}d. and at the mass \}d. 
every year as long as the said sum shall last. 



94 



I will that my land of Gyldenesassh wherein Hugh Kene 
and Richard Clous are enfeoffed be sold and distributed by my 
executors amongst the poor. 

I will that my part of the reversion of the lands I bought 
jointly with William Gascoygne be sold and distributed amongst 
the poor. 

I will that an image of the Blessed Mary Magdalen be made 
of wood the length and width of the image of the Blessed 
Katherine standing in the chancel of the church of Bruton and 
placed next the image of the said Katherine. 

I bequeath to the church of Bruton a '' banner " with the 
image of the Trinity well and suitably adorned with gold with 
silk cloth well gilt. 

To Richard Clous who shall advise my executors, cs. and 
my best bed (lectum) being at Wells, and two brass pots 
and j " possenet " and two pans (patellas) and j " doseyn " of 
" garnesshed vesselles " standing in the parlour of my dwelling- 
house (hospicii] at Wellys. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert my servant (famulo) xb. and 
one brass pot and a pan (patellam) and half a " doseyn " of 
" Fcwtre vesselles." 

To Hugh Olufi my cook xs. 

To Master John Oluh my cook xs. 

To the parish church of Mynhed to mend their glass 
windows ictf. 

I will that there be restored to the priory of Bruton " Paulus 
super Clementinis" which is amongst the books in my dwelling-- 
house (Jtospicio] at Wellys. 

Item, let there be delivered to the Monastery of Mochelney 
"j digestum vetus " and "j digestum Neff" arid 2os. 

26s. %d. to be distributed amongst the poor for the soul of 
Master Thomas Weston. 

I will that there be restored to the house of St John of 
Lechelade " unus textus Sexti et Clementinorum" 

Let " unus casus Bernard*" 1 be restored to John Alampton, 
vicar of Wells, a book " de Cronicis " and a book of contem- 

1 Bernardus Guidonis, Epus Lodovensis (i.e., Lodeve in Languedoc) "Casus qui 
in celebratione missae accidere possunt, qualiter ipsis occurrendum sit, ex dictis Thomse 
Aquin. Fabrici-us, I754 I 22a 



IS niton. 95 



plations and devotions to the executors of Ralph Ergum if they 
are living, otherwise to the church of Wells. 

To John West, of Pokelchurche, loos, if he is alive, otherwise 
to his wife and children. 

8 marks to celebrate for the souls of Thomas Salomon, 
John Uppe, Thomas atte Zo, John Whithag, and John Hory- 
knolle. 

$os. to be distributed amongst the poor for the souls of John 
Tuttebury and John Cokhull. 

Item, I bequeath 40^. to be distributed amongst the poor 
for the souls of John Burgh and Agnes, his wife, of Wellys. 

4s. to be restored to Walter Smyth, of Bruton. 

Item, to John Gane of Petecombe los. 

Item, I will that there be remitted to John Schet of 
Lydezerd Somari loos, of the debts which he owes me. 

To the prior and convent of Dunster 26s. 8d. 

Item, I will that two stones (petre) of Coscombe be bought 
for the tombs (tumbis] of my father and my mother, and that 
they be well walled (murentur) on all sides. 

To Custance Skynner of Wellys 26s. 8d. 

To be distributed amongst the poor for the soul of Custance 
Lyndraper of Bruton 13^. ^d. 

Item, I will that as long as mass shall be celebrated in the 
church of Wells at the altar of St. Mary Magdalen, that always 
on the night of the said Blessed Mary a procession be made to 
the altar (fiat processio ad altare) and that each person being 
present at the procession shall have one penny. 

To Sir Richard formerly chaplain of my late church of 
Hyham 50.?. and if more be due to him I will that payment be 
made by my executors. 

To Sir John Hampton, if he is alive, 40*. and if he is dead, I 
will that the said sum be distributed to the poor. 

For the souls of Sir Richard Seymour and Emma, his wife, 
40s. to be distributed to the poor. 

To Sir William Purs, chaplain, 4OS. 

Item, I will that one poor and indigent priest (sacerdos] be 
appointed to say matins (inatutinas) and vespers " de die et ^ de 
sancta Maria" for three years, if it can be done, for the remission 
of my sins. 



96 



Item, I bequeath to Sir John Axmynstre, vicar of Wells, 
13*4^ 

Item, to Sir Robert de Lechelade, called " Longe Sir 
Robert " 6s. 8d. if he is alive. If he is dead let it be distributed 
amongst the poor. 

Item, I bequeath to William Olym living at Celmescote, 
now at Bevvlu with a monk there, his brother, who was once my 
father's servant 26s. 8d. and let this money be carried to him by 
one called Walbrand de Pridie. 

Ftem, I bequeath to the repairing of the chancel of Bur- 
wardescote, the books and other ornaments of the same chancel 
I3J.4//. 

I bequeath 40^. for the souls of Thomas Gateway and Joan, 
his wife, to be distributed amongst the poor. 

To the vicar of St. Cuthbert of Wells 1 3 s. A,d. 

To Sir Thomas Martyn, vicar of Wells, 2Os. 

To John Bekenton, my vicar in the church of Wells 
13^. ^d. 

To Sir John Axbrughe to pray for my soul 2os. 

To Richard Goldsmyth, of Wells, 6s. Sd 

Item, I bequeath to be distributed for the souls of 
Sir Matthew Scot and Sir John Benet formerly vicars of 
Mynhed 40^. 

To the abbot of Athelney 40*. 

26s. 8d. to be distributed amongst the poor for the soul of 
John Barowe formerly my father's servant (servientis). 

Item, I will that one chaplain celebrating in the church of 
Wells for my soul shall also celebrate for the soul of Walter 
Seymour of Bristol for three years. 

To the vicar of Banewell 40^. to pray for my soul and the 
souls of all the faithful deceased. 

6s. 8d. to be distributed amongst the poor for the souls of 
Adam Goiofi and his wife. 

Item, for the souls of John Frouelt, fisherman, late of 
Inglesham, and Richard atte Mylle, and their wives 40^. to be 
distributed amongst the poor in those parts. 

To the abbot of Glaston 3^. 4^. 

Item, I will that in the vill of Hyworth and in the neigh- 
bouring vills around there be distributed for the souls of all the 



&tc!)arto ftruton. 97 



faithful deceased and for the souls of those to whom I am bound 
40^. amongst the poor there. 

To the prior and convent of Taunton loos. 

Item, to the same prior and convent " ad refeccionem domus 
refectorii eorundem " and to pray for me $os. 

Item, I bequeath " ad emendacionem ornatnentorum in 
Thesauraria ecclesie cathedralis beate Andree Wellemis" 13^. 4^. 

To the fabric of the said church of Wells 2Os. and those four 
" ligna " lying in my hall at Wells. 

To Master Reginald Kentwode one piece (peciam) of silver 
" cum coopertorio deaurato " being in my chest at London in the 
custody of Sir John Stokys. 

To Sir Thomas Schelford, clerk, one white piece of silver 
with a covering. 

I will that there be remitted to John Love, of Kyngesbury 
10 marks of the 20 marks which he owes me. 

I will that there be remitted to John Reynold, of Mochelney, 
of the debt which he owes me 26s. 8d. 

I bequeath to Thomas Brent, the elder, of Kyngesbury, 
26s. M. 

To the abbot and convent of Kaynesham 26s. Sd. 

For repairing the bridge of Ivelchestre 40^. 

I bequeath to the son of one Walter formerly my servant 
living in the town of Sarum 26s. 8d. 

6s. Sd for the soul of the said Walter to be distributed 
amongst the poor of Wells. 

To Henry Schepherd of Mynhed, formerly my servant 
3^. 4^. and to his wife $s. ^d. if they are alive. 

To Ralph Mery of Dunster 40^. if he is alive/otherwise 
I bequeath the said sum to his wife and children. 

Item, I will that 5 marks be paid to the rector of Trow- 
brygge if he will receive them. 

To one Sir Thomas Raly (consanguineus) of Thomas Tanner 
now promoted in Devon, 10 marks. 

This will and codicil were proved the ;th day of December 
in the year abovesaid. The executors sworn &c. 

[Richard Bruton was Vicar of Minehead, 1401 ; Rector of High Ham, 
1406; Chancellor of Wells Cathedral, 1407-15 5 Prebendary of Ashill, 1407-16. 
His preferments outside Somerset will be found in Downside Review, in 

O 



which his will has been printed with notes by the present editor. Testator's 
property in Somerset is thus described in a Subsidy Roll, 1411-12 (Bath F. C. 
Proc., vol. ix, No. 3) : 

" Ricus Bruton Canonicus Ecclesiae cathed. S. Andr. Wellen. cert. 

ter. et ten. in Milton juxta Welles et Langport ac alibi 

xxvj/z'., xnjs., 



1417. WILLIAM HYWORTH. 

[41 MARCHE. FO. 321.] 

3rd November, A.D. 1417. I, William Hyworth, rector of 
the church of Blakedon [Blagdon] bequeath, &c., and my body 
to be buried in the chancel of the church aforesaid before the 
image of St. Andrew. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Hyworth 6s. 8</. 

Item, I bequeath fifty trentals to celebrate for my soul. 

To Thomas, my brother, "/ superpellicium unam zonam corei 
argentatam cum basalardo unam Maser j togam furratam cum 
Grey cum capucio rubeo unum coopertorium blodium embrowded 
cum suo testf et aliud coopertorium crocei coloris et nigri cum suo 
testr' etj quylt album " which I have of the goods of my aunt 
(amete] Matilda de Hyworth. 

To Agnes, my sister, 40^. and her twelve spoons in a " kas " 
closed. 

To Richard Diket " cognato meo " 6s. %d. and j gown (togam) 
of red mixture and two silver spoons (de antiquis). 

Item, I bequeath 6 pounds of wax to make ten tapers 
(cereos) " tempore divinorum " on the chief feasts " coram 
sacramento Eukaristie" and the images of St. Andrew and 
St. John the Baptist on both sides of the chancel of the church 
of Blakedon. 

Item, 5^. for a torch (torticio) burning at the time of the 
elevation of the sacrament " in Missa " on feast days in the 
church of Blakedon. 

5^. to the church of Hyworth for the like. 

To Master Thomas Frome, canon of the church of 
Wells, 2os. 

To John Fontell, rector of Norton 6s. 8d. 



99 



4Os. amongst the poor on the day of my burial. 

To the Brethren of each order of friars in Bristol between 
those who are priests and the others who are not priests 40^. 

To the nuns of Berewe [Barrow] 6s. 8d. 

To the Canons of Wrospryng 6s. 8d. 

I bequeath a suitable salary for two honest priests, one of 
whom shall celebrate for a year at Blakedon and the other at 
Hyworth for my soul and the souls of my father and mother, 
James de Awdeleye, Matilda, my aunt, for my parents, 
parishioners, benefactors, and all the faithful living and 
deceased. 

The residue of my goods I give to Thomas, my brother, and 
I make the same Thomas executor. I appoint Master Thomas 
Frome, Canon of Wells, and John Fontell supervisors. 

Proved 2ist March, A.D. 1417. Administration committed 
to Thomas Hyworth, executor named. 



1417. LUCY STERK. 

[40 MARCHE. FO. 316.] 

A.D. 1417, January I4th. I, Lucy Sterk [of Frome, margin] 
of the diocese of B?.th and Wells, bequeath 40^. to be distributed 
to the poor on the day of my burial. 

To Thomas my servant, 6s. 8d. 

To Agnes, my female servant (famula) one green gown. 

To Edith my famula 6s. 8d. for her maintenance. 

The residue I give to Walter Cricft and John Burdon, 
chaplain of the parish of Frome, whom I make executors. 

Proved ipth January A.D. abovesaid. 

[Marginal note.] 

"Void, because after the exhibition of the will she was 
declared intestate." 



ioo 



1417. NICHOLAS STEUR 

[54 MARCHE. FO. 430.] 

On the Feast of St. Valentine the Martyr, A.D. 1417, I, 
Nicholas Steur, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial, but I do not determine 
upon the place (determine in locuni) because I am on a journey 
(in transitu) outside the kingdom. 

Item, I bequeath to the great Commons (inagnam com- 
munioneni} of canons of the church of Wells, for my negligence 
in money due to them in neglect of tithes (in denariis eis debitis 
in vacacionibus decimarum) of the said diocese 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church 40^. 

Item, to my church of Sperkford, one saltcellar (salariuin) of 
silver for the use of the new chalice (ad opus novi calicis) to be 
made there, and the red cloths (pannos rubeos) which I have 
ordained for the great altar there, and one torch (tortirium) which 
is in the house of John Horn, of Welle, and a little torch 
(torticellum) which is in my house. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Steur and Agnes his wife, my 
parents, 10 marks. 

Item, to Brother Peter Obryht, 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to my chapel of Maperton one napkin 
(inappam) with towel (manutergio). 

Item, to John Pers, one ox. 

To John Gylman, $s. which I consider I owe him. 

Item, I will that Sir Walter Turpyn, my executor, shall pay 
Brother Richard Steuens 40^., which I received of the chaplain of 
H<inspille in part payment of 6os. due to the said Brother. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir Walter Ward, 13^. ^d 

Item, to Sir Walter Turpyn, 40 of my best sheep, or 
6 marks. 

Item, to John Sexteyn of Welles one coat (jupam) of the 
livery of the Prior of Bath. 

Item, to William, my servant (famulo), one other green 
gown (togam\ lined (duplicatam}. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Sir Walter Turpyn. 



William }3em>. 101 



Given at Sperkford, &c. 

Proved 28th July, 1422, and administration granted to the 
executor named. 



1417. JOHN PERSON. 

[37 MARCHE. FO. 294.] 

8th March, A.D. 1417. I, John Person, of the parish of 
Merston Bygott, diocese of Bath and Wells, bequeath my body 
to sacred burial in my parish church. 

Item, to the fabric of the cathedral church of Wells 2os. 

Item, to the sustentation of all the lights (luminum) in the 
church of Merston aforesaid 3^. ^d. 

To the rector of Merston aforesaid for tithes forgotten 2Os. 

To Stephen, my brother, 40^. 

The residue of all my goods to be distributed to the poor of 
Christ by my executors with the advice and supervision of Sir 
Thomas Merston, chaplain, for the health of my soul. 

Proved I3th May, A.D. 1417. 



1419. WILLIAM BENY. 

[47 MARCHE. FO. 374-] 

April 28th, A.D. 1419. I, William Beny, make my will as 
follows : 

First I bequeath my soul to God and my body to holy 
burial (ecclesiastice sepulture]. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar of Clyfdon [Clevedon] 2s. 6d. 

To the chaplain of Huydhall, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to the four orders of Mendicants of the town of 
Bristol, los. 

Item, I bequeath to Emmota, my daughter, 40^. and six 
silver spoons. 

Item, to William, son of John Gybbis, a silver bowl (craterd). 

Item, to Agnes my daughter, two pans (patett) and seven 
small brass basins (oliof). 1 

1 Probably a diminutive of olla t or it might mean an oil-cruet. 



102 



Item, to Edith Hanyys one blue cloak (aramlaus\ sic MS., 
a mistake for armalausam). 

The residue of my goods, after the payment of my debts 
and deduction of my funeral expenses, I give to my son John, 
whom I ordain my executor, to dispose for the good of my soul 
and the souls of my ancestors, as he will answer therein before 
the Supreme Judge ; and I desire John Gybbys of Clyfdon to 
be his overseer and coadjutor, in whom I have full and perfect 
confidence. 

Proved T3th March, 1419-20, and administration granted to 
the executor named. 



1419. HENRY DUNKERTON. 

[47 MARCHE. FO. 372.] 

The 6th day of July, A.D. 1419. I, Henry Dunkerton, of 
Frome, &c. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the. cathedral church of 
Wells 3j. 4/ 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of Frome IOOT. 

To Sir Adam, perpetual vicar of Frome, for my tithes 
forgotten 10/2. 

Item, I bequeath 20/2. to buy a suit of vestments for the 
church of Frome. 

To each Chaplain of the same church being present at my 
exequies on the day of my obit 26s. 8d. 

To every poor person lying down (decubanti) in the vill of 
Frome $s. ^d. 

To the poor blind and beggars (mendicantibus) in Frome to 
each of them \2d. 

To the deacon (diacono) of Frome \d. 

The residue of my goods I give to Katherine, my wife. 

1 make James Cras and Katherine my wife, my executors. 

Proved before Master John Estcourt, Commissary &c. at 
Bristol, 1 2th September, A.D. 1419. Administration granted to 
Katherine, &c. 



tt fiefcr. 103 



1420. JOHN LAMBROKE. 

[50 MARCHE. 1 FO. 399.] 

On Saturday next before the feast of the Ascension of the 
Lord, A.D. 1420. I, John Lambroke, bequeath, &c., and my 
body to be buried in the parish church of St. Michael of 
Mylverton. 

Item, to the vicar of Burlescombe ifs. ^d. to celebrate 
masses for my soul, viz., in every week for one entire year four 
masses. 

Item, to John Cotebold a gown (togam). 

The residue I give to Elinor, my wife. 

1 make the said Elinor, Thomas Mylys, and William 
Stonway, my executors. 

Proved 2Oth December, A.D. abovesaid. Administration 
committed to Elinor, the executrix, &c. 



1420. JOHN NEDE. 

[48 MARCHE. FO. 379.] 

I, John Nede, on the day of St. John the Baptist, A.D. 1420, 
bequeath my body to sacred burial in the churchyard of 
Bekyngton. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells 40^. 

To my father one best gown (unamjupam meliorem). 

To Stephen Malle a gown (jupam). 

40s. to be distributed amongst the poor to pray for my soul. 

The residue I give to Edith, my sister. 

I make my executors the aforesaid Edith and Elias Gyseby. 

Proved 3rd July in the year above. Administration com- 
mitted to Elias Gyseby. 



104 



1420. WILLIAM BARTELOT. 

[52 MARCHE. FO. 410.] 

A.D. 1420. 8 Henry V. I, William Bartelot. 

My body to be buried in the chancel of the parish church of 
Popelowe [Publow]. 

To the same church loos. 

To the parish church of Kyngeston Saymour 

To the parish church of Weston in Gordano 

To John, my son, TO marks. 

To Edith, my daughter, 20 marks. 

To Agnes, my daughter, 20/2. 

To Walter, my brother ; 10 marks. 

To the four orders of Friars in Bristol, to each order 2Os. 

To the child in the womb of Agnes, my wife, 20/2. 

To Nicholas, my apprentice, 2os. 

To John, my apprentice, 2os. 

To Walter, my apprentice, 2os. 

Residue to Agnes, my wife, Walter Mylton, and Nicholas 
Dewe, my executors, to be divided equally between them to 
dispose thereof for my soul. 

Proved I3th January in the year abovesaid. Administration 
to the said executors. 



1421. SIR ROBERT ALLERE. 

[54 MARCHE. FO. 427.] 

1421. Friday after the Feast [May 31] of St. Petronilla 
the Virgin. 

I, Sir Robert Allere, vicar of Lange Asshton, make my will 
in this manner. First I bequeath my soul to Almighty God 
and the B.V.M., and my body to be buried in the chancel of the 
church there. 

I bequeath to Agnes Grene a girdle (zonatn) of silver, six 
silver spoons, one bed (unum lectum\ and twelve sheep (bidentes). 



But. 105 



Item, to the fabric of the church of Asshton one breviary 
(unu libru portiphariu] to pray for my soul. 

Item, for my burial, 13^. 4^. 

The residue of all my goods not before bequeathed, after my 
debts are paid, I give to Gervase Stephens ; and I ordain German 
Stephens and Thomas Pole my executors, to see this my will 
well and faithfully carried out, and to each of them I give 4O</. 
for their pains. 

Proved 25th June, 1422, and administration granted to the 
executors named. 



1421. WILLIAM WODFORD. 

[6 LUFFENAM. FO. 42.] 

23rd May, A.D. 1421, I, William Wodford of Rode, make 
my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of 
St. Lawrence of Rode. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wells 3*. 4^. 

Item, to the church of Rode, 3^. 4^. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I bequeath to 
Thomas Wodford and' Robergea Marly s, whom I make my 
executors. 

In witness whereof I have affixed my seal. 

Proved 26th May, 1426, and administration committed to the 
executors named. 



1421. EDMUND DE SAINT MAUR, KNT. 

[54 MARCHE. FO. 426.] 

On the day [August 10] of St. Laurence, A.D. 1421, 1, Edmund 
de Saint Maur, knight, lord of St. Bridget, in Lower Gwent, 1 
(Infer* WenP) and of Chelvey in the county of Somerset, make 
my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of St. Bridget 
of Chelvey, if I chance to die in England ; and if I chance to 
1 A province in South Wales between the Usk and the Wye. 



io6 



die in Wales, I will that my body shall be buried in the church 
of St. Bridget in Lower Gwent (Infa? WenP). 

Item, I will that all my debts shall be paid before any 
execution be made of my goods. 

Item, I bequeath to the Augustinian Friars of Bristol los. to 
be distributed amongst them one by one (singulariter) to 
celebrate for my soul in honour of the four evangelists. 

Item, I bequeath to the Friars Preachers of Bristol 6s. 8d., to 
be distributed among them one by one, to celebrate for my soul 
in honour of the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost. 

Item, to the Friars Minors there, los. as above, to celebrate in 
honour of all the apostles and saints of God. 

Item, to the Friars Carmelites of Bristol 2Os. as above, to wit, 
one half (inediam partem) in honour of all the martyrs, and the 
other half (mediam aliarn) in honour of all the confessors of God. 

Item, to the Friars Minors there, los. as above, to celebrate 
for my soul in honour of the blessed Michael and Gabriel, 
archangels. 

Item, to the Friars Carmelites, $s. as above, to celebrate in 
honour of St. Mary Magdalene, and all the virgins and all the 
angels of God. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the chapel of the blessed 
Mary of St. Bridget in Lower Gwent (Infef* Wen?) loos. 

Item, to Sir Robert Fitzjames, rector of Blakwell [Backwell], 
3Ctf. to celebrate for my soul. 

Item, to Sir Philip, rector of Brokley, 30^. 

Item, I bequeath the residue of my goods to be distributed 
for my soul and the souls of my father and mother, and the 
soul of Joan my wife, and Margery my daughter, and the souls 
of all my other children (aliorum filiorum meorum), and for the 
soul of Richard my brother, at the disposition of my executors. 
And I ordain Sir Robert Fitzjames, rector of Blacwelle, and 
Sir Philip Chesfylde^ rector of Brocley, [and] John Adam [of] 
Lower Gwent (Iftfer Wenf) to well and faithfully do and 
perform all and singular these things. 

Item, I bequeath to John Adams 30^. 

Proved before Master John Estcourt, commissary, &c., 
1 3th June, 1422, and administration committed to John Adam, 
&c., power reserved, &c f 



1421. JOHN SMERT. 

[54 MARCHE. FO. 430.] 

A.D. 1421, in the month of September. I, John Smert, of 
Lydierd Episcopi, diocese of Bath and Wells. 

My body to be buried in the churchyard of the parish church 
of Lydierd aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Blacche, vicar of the parish 
church of Lydierd aforesaid, for a trental (tricennale] for my 
soul 2s. 6d. 

To the cathedral church of St. Andrew, of Wells, 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to each godson of mine (cuilibet filio meo 
spirituali) one fleece of sheep's wool (unum vellus lanen ouiuni). 

Item, to Florence, my natural daughter, one bed. 

The residue amounting to the sum of 20 marks I give to 
Ciistina, my wife. I make the said Cristina my executrix. 

Proved before Master John Estcourt, commissary, &c., i8th 
July, A.D. 1422. 



1422. RALPH CANON. 

[54 MARCHE. FO. 426.] 

Saturday next before the Feast of St. George the Martyr, 
A.D. 1422. I, Ralph Canon, Canon of the Cathedral Church of 
St. Andrew of Wells, make my will in this manner : 

First I bequeath my body to sacred burial (sacre sepulture). 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church, $s. 4^. 

Item, to Joan, my sister, the elder, 13^. ^d. 

Item, to Joan, my sister, the younger, i$s. 4^. 

Item, to Robert Carswell, son of the said Joan the younger, 2OS. 

The rest of my goods, not above bequeathed, I give and 
bequeath to my executors, to wit, Robert Burgh, perpetual vicar 
of the Cathedral Church aforesaid, and the said Robert Carswell. 

Proved i/th June in the year abovesaid, and administration 
granted to Robert Carswell, with power reserved, &c, and on the 
6th of October in the same year the said Robert Carsewell was 
acquitted, and paid for a fine 2os. 



io3 



1423. JOHN LUPPENAM. 

[l LUFFENAM. FO. I.] 

2nd April, A.D. 1423. I, John Luffenam, perpetual vicar of 
the parish church of Corryryvell, make my will in this 
manner : 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of 
St. Andrew the Apostle of Corryryvell. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells 4^. 

Item, to the church of Corryryvell one Book of Decrees (unum 
librum decretalem}, with cover (cum coopertorium [stc]) and one 
cloth (mappani). 

Item, to Gregory, chaplain of Wyke, one girdle banded 
(stipatam) 1 with silver, and one cloth. 

Item, to Henry Messynger one horse of " baye " colour. 

Item, to John Wyllyng one green gown. 

Item, I give to Henry Messynger and John Wyllyng my 
tenement situated in Cokham in the county of Berks in the diocese 
of Sarum between the tenement of the Abbot of Cirencester on 
the east and the tenement of Richard Bullok on the west near to 
the Vicarage of Cokham and the King's way on the south, with 
all my deeds and evidences, &c., being in a coffer in the custody 
of Richard Poulton. 

The residue of my goods I bequeath to Henry Messynger 
and John Wyllyng, whom I make my executors ; and Stephen 
Gyffard my overseer. 

Proved 19th June in the year abovesaid, and administration 
granted to Henry Messenger, with power reserved, &c. 



1423. AGNES GRENE. 

[2 LUFFENAM. FO. 12.] 

In the name of God amen. i6th September, A.D. 1423, I, 
Agnes, wife of William Grene, esquire, make my will in this 
manner : 

First, I bequeath my soul to God, and my body to be buried 

1 Stipa, a metal bar, as on a belt. 



t&tdjarfc Bagll. 109 



in the church of the monastery of the Blessed apostles Peter 
and Paul of Muchelnye, before the altar of St. Christopher. 

Item, I bequeath to the said altar of St. Christopher one 
round basin of silver (peluim argenti rotundam}. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Curryryvell, 13^. 4^. 

Item, to the Friars Minor of Bruggewater, my best gown 
furred (J>enulatain) with grey fur, and my best girdle harnessed 
(harnesiatam) with silver and gilt. 

Item, I bequeath to John Walssh, 2os. 

Item, to John Grene, IDS. 

Item, to Joan Cordewentes one green (yiridem) gown furred 
(penulatant] with menyver, and one " kyrtell " of " scarlet " and 
one hood (capuciuni) of " sangweyn," and one pair of gloves of 
the best (manicarum optimarum). 

Item, I bequeath to Henry, son of Joan Cordwentes, one 
blue (blodiani) gown furred (penulatant) with menyver. 

Item, to Agnes, daughter of John Walsh, one gown of 
" plonket." 

Item, I will that two of my gowns shall be sold, and the 
money thereof coming shall be given to the poorest here in the 
country (flic in patria) according to the disposition of my 
executors. 

Item, I ordain William Grene, my husband, and John 
Spenser, fellow-monk (commonachum) of John Bruton, Abbot of 
Muchelnye, my executors, that they may dispose of the residue 
of my goods not bequeathed as shall seem best to them for the 
health of my soul. 

Proved 3rd November in the year abovesaid, and adminis- 
tration committed to the executors named. 



1423. RICHARD KAYLL. 

[2 LUFFENAM. FO. IO.] 

8th October, A.D. 1423. I, Richard Kayll, of the parish of 
Wynsford, make my will in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of 
Wynsford. 



no 



Item, I bequeath to the vicar of Wynsford one steer 
(boviculum) for my tithes forgotten. 

Item, to each (blankj- of the said church, one sheep. 

Item, to the vicar of Wynsford, $s., to celebrate for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to the prior and convent of Barlich 
13^. 4</. 

Item, to the Friars Minor of Briggewater, 3^. 4^. 

Item, to the poor, 20 bushels of rye (siliginis), to pray for 
my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to Richard, my servant, one brass pot 
(ollam). 

Item, to the vicar of Morpath \2d. 

Item, to each priest being at my obsequies and at the 
mass, \2d. 

The residue of my goods I bequeath to Agnes, my wife, and 
William, my son, and I make them my executors. 

In witness whereof I have affixed my seal to these presents. 

Proved 6th October, A.D. 1424, and administration committed 
to the executors. 



1423. HENRY RUSSELL. 

[l LUFFENAM. FO. 5.] 

28th October, A.D. 1423. I, Henry Russell, otherwise called 
Henry Nicholas of Frome, in the diocese of Bath and Wells, 
make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
Frome aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the Cathedral Church of Wells, 13^. 

Item, to Master William Brette (BretP)> perpetual vicar of 
Frome, 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir Thomas, parish chaplain there, 
6s. M. 

Item, to each chaplain of Frome aforesaid present at my 
obsequies, \2d. 

Item, to the deacon of Frome, I2d. 

1 Probably the word wanting is " lumini." 



Cfjomas 



in 



Item, to the clerk of Wodelonde, 8d. 

Item, to the Prior and Convent of Wytham, 2Os. 

Item, to the Prior and Convent of Stauerdell, 13^. 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to Alice Harberd of Exeter one piece of 
silver and six silver spoons. 

Item, to Peter Zonge of Exeter, one silver girdle (sonant). 

Item, to James Craas, 40^. 

To John Ostelere, 40^. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to James Craas and John Ostelere, that they may 
ordain and dispose for the health of my soul and of the souls of 
my friends as shall seem best to them ; and I ordain them my 
executors. 

Proved I2th December in the year of our Lord abovesaid, 
and administration was committed to the executors. 



1423. THOMAS PLUSSHE. 

[3 LUFFENAM, FO. 17.] 

25th November, A.D. 1423. I, Thomas Plusshe, rector of the 
parish church of Bekyngtone, make my will in this manner: 

I bequeath my soul to God, and my body to be buried in the 
parish church there. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church there 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to glazing the windows (fenestris vitre- 
andis) 40^. 

Item, I bequeath 50/2'. to the priests (sacerdotibus) celebrating 
for my soul there for five years next to come. 

Item, I bequeath 40/2'. to be distributed amongst my kinsfolk 
(consanguineis] and other poor people within my parish to pray 
for the souls of all the faithful deceased. 

Item, to Sir William, chaplain there, 6s. 8d. 

To Sir Robert, chaplain there, 6s. 8^. 

To John, clerk there, 3^, ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wells, 2Ott. 

Item, to each of my godchildren, i$d. 

Item, to John Plusshe, my brother, 2os, 



112 



OTttte. 



To John his son, 2os. 

To Thomas Plusshe, rector of Babbecary, 40^. 

To John Asshwelle, 6os. 

And I make these my executors: Sir Thomas Plusshe, 1 
rector of Babbekary, John Plusshe my brother, John Gauter 
senior (Ganf\ and John Asshwelle, with 'the oversight (super- 
visione) of lady Isabella Erleghe, lady of Bekyngtone, to dispose 
of the residue of my goods for my soul, as shall please the said 
lady Isabella. 

Proved i8th January in the year abovesaid, before Master 
John Lyndefeld, commissary, and administration committed 
to the executors named. 



1425. JOHN SPARKES. 

[12 LUFFENAM. FO. 91.] 

On Saturday next before the Feast of the Apostles Philip 
and James, A.D. 1425, I, John Sparkes (Spark%\ rector of the 
parish church of Horsyngton, make my will in this manner : 

I will that my funeral expenses shall be ordered (mode- 
rantur) at the disposition of my executor. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wells 2s. 

Item, to the church and chancel of Horsyngton, for altar 
cloths (pro vestibus altaris), 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to John Romsy, chaplain, 2Os. 

Item, to John Spenser, my servant, 2Os. 

Item, to John Jakeman, my servant, IDS. 

Item, to John Haym, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to John Hoppe, 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath to Alice, my sister, 2QS. 

To William, my sister's son, 2os. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to my executor, to dispose and ordain for my soul in 
the best manner he knows ; and I make Nicholas, my chaplain, 

1 He succeeded testator as Rector of Beckington on December 19, 1423. 
Somerset Incumbents, p. 22, 



Gentleman. 



executor of this my will, and constitute John Romsy chaplain, 
and John Spenser, my overseers. 

Proved 1st June, 1429, before Master John Lyndefeld, com- 
missary, and administration committed to the executor. 

[1403. November 30. John Spark instituted rector of Horsington. 
Somerset Incumbents^ p. 106.] 



1425. ROBERT GREY. 

[4 LUFFENAM. FO. 30.] 

In the name of God amen, pth June, 1425. I, Robert Grey 
beside Baldok in the shire of Hertford, make my present 
testament in this form. 

First, I betake my sowle to God, and my body to be beryed 
where God wyll dispose for me. 

Item, I bequethe 45 marcs sterlyng to fynde a covenable 
preest to synge for my soule, and for the soules of my fader 
and moder be 5 yeer next after my deth in the chirche of 
Haselbere in the shire of Somersete, in the ile of seint Wilfryde 
in the sayd chirch. 

Item, I bequethe to make and amende the auter of the seid 
ile, and to a vestment for a preest, and a chalice to serve atte 
the seid awter, 10 markes. 

[The will is written at London, and the other bequests are 
entirely unconnected with Somerset] 

Proved 4th December in the year abovesaid, and adminis- 
tration granted to John Bowlle ; Margery, the relict, expressly 
renouncing, &c. 



1425. ROGER WALSSHE, GENTLEMAN. 

[4 LUFFENAM. FO. 32.] 

On Sunday, the Feast [November nth] of St. Martin in 
the Winter, A.D. 1425, I, Roger Walsshe of Hotton [Hutton] in 
the co. of Somerset, gentleman, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chancel of the 

Q 



ii4 



Blessed Mary in the parish church of Hotton, where I am a 
parishioner. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Gebon, chaplain, to celebrate for 
my soul for one whole year after my decease, 10 marks of 
silver. 

Item, to Alice Crede, four oxen and four cows. 

Item, to John Gente, 40^. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give to my 
executors, to pay my debts and to ordain for the burial of my 
body, and to dispose as shall seem best to them to please God 
and to profit the health of my soul. And I make the aforesaid 
Robert Gebon, chaplain, and John Giles, executors of this my 
will. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto affixed my seal. Given 
at Hoton. 

Proved 26th November in the year abovesaid, and adminis- 
tration committed to Robert Gebon, with power reserved, &c. 



1425. NICHOLAS KEMP. 

[5 LUFFENAM. FO. 3$.] 

24th January, A.D. 1425. I, Nicholas Kemp, chaplain of 
Merk, whole of mind though sick in body, make my will in this 
manner : 

First, I bequeath my soul to God my Saviour, and my body 
to be buried in the chapel of the Blessed Mary of Merk. 

Item, I bequeath to each priest present at my obsequies, 
and at the mass one trental (unum Tricennale), and to each 
clerk 4</. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Merk, 2os. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Wedmore, 2Os. 

Item, to each indigent poor person present at my obsequies 
and the mass aforesaid, 2.d. 

Item, I bequeath to John Rogge, of the parish of Merk, 
one hand-mill (molendinum manuale), my second best gown 
and 6s. Sd. 



115 



Item, to Thomas Redehed, my servant, 6s. Sd 

Item, to John Kempe, my brother, and to Joan, his wife, 
and to Robert, their son, to each of them 6s. Sd 

Item, to each of the houses of Friars Mendicant of Bristol, 
6s. Sd, and to the Friars Minor of Briggewater 6s. Sd 

Item, I bequeath to William Baggeley, of Wedmore, 6s. Sd 

To John Cole of Assheton 3^. ^d. 

Item, to each of my godsons, 2od 

To each of my goddaughters $s. ^d. 

Item, to the causeway (calceto) between Merk and Blakeford, 
6s. Sd 

Item, to making the highway in the borough of Wedmore, 

3* 4^ 

Item, to mending the way between the church of Merk and 

the "pounde" $s. 4-d 

The residue of my goods I give and bequeath to John 
Thomas and John Kemp, my brother, whom I make my 
executors by these presents, that they may arrange and dispose 
for the health of my soul as shall seem best to them to do. 

Proved 24th March in the year abovesaid, and administration 
granted to John Kemp, with power reserved, &c. 



1426. JOHN CREDY, ESQUIRE. 

[6 LUFFENAM. FO. 46.] 

In ther name of God so be hit, the 4th day of Juyn, A.D, 
1426. I, John Credy, squyer, make my testament in the manner 
suyng. 

First, I bequethe my body to be beried in the chirche of 
seynt John Zacarie where my children be beried. 

[Here follows the settlement of lands, &c., in London, Surrey, 
Middlesex and Devonshire on the testator's wife, on his 
brothers Richard and John ; on William Adam, his brother's 
son, and "Thomas Adam Credy sone," brother of the said 
William ; and others.] 

Also I will that Richard Burdon and Denys his wife have 
(inter alia) my part of the manor of Thorn Coffyn in Somerset, 



n6 onur**t WiilU. 



with the " vourson " of the churche the terme of both here lifes 
and after the decesse of hem that hit turne to John here sone 
and to his heires males, and if it so bee that he die withoute 
issue male I will that Richard his brother have hit in fee euer 
more. 

Also I will that John my neuew, John my brother sone haue 
whenne it falleth my part of place in Euerchurch [Evercreech] 
in Somerset, to him and his heires for euermore. 

Also I will that my part of the manor of Staunton in 
Somerset been solde by my executours, and that Alison Burdon 
haue therof 40 marcs to her manage, 

[The remaining bequests apply to London and elsewhere, 
and to personalty only.] 

I make myn executours William Frye of Deuenshire, my 
wife, John Carpinter, common clerk, and John Spore, ferroure. 

Proved 8th June in the year abovesaid, and administration 
granted to Joan, relict of the deceased, and to John Spore, with 
power reserved, &c. 

[In 1412 John Credy presented to Thorn Coffin. Somerset Incumbents, 
198. This will is printed in full in Fifty Earliest English Wills (E.E.T.S., 
No. 78), with notes by Dr. FurnivalL] 



1426. JOHN OSBARN. 

[6 LUFFENAM. FO. 41.] 

I, John Osbarn, 1 clerk, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy (sacrosanct) burial. 

Item, I bequeath to Joan, my mother, 40^. and one fourth 
part of my utensils (harnesiorum) being at Seynt Ewe. 

To Joan, my sister, 13^, ^d. and another fourth part of my 
said utensils (harnesiorum). 

Item, to John my brother, the elder, another fourth part of 
my said utensils. 

Item, to John my brother, one fourth part of my said 
utensils, as they can be reasonably divided between them. 

Item, to Henry my brother, 



1 Pencil note in the margin : rector of St. Ewe, Cornwall, and prebendary of 
of Ashill diocese of Bath. 



Cfjomaj; 



Item, I bequeath 40^. to be divided among the poor parish- 
ioners at Asshull. 

Item, I bequeath to John Hals, one covered silver cup (unum 
ciphum argenteum coopertum). 

Item, to John Shelford, my clerk, another covered silver 
cup. 

Item, to John Faukes my clerk, my breviary (portiforium\ 

Item, I bequeath all my books of earthly law (de lege terrestri) 
to Richard Hals my kinsman. 

Item, to John Holond, my kinsman, one silver salt covered 
(unum salarium argenteum). 

Item, to his wife, a certain gilt girdle (zonam) of mine. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the belfry (campanH) of 
the church of Asshehull, 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to my brethren (comensalibus) here in 
London, one pipe of red wine of the worth of 6 marks. 

Item, I will that the chaplain to celebrate for me shall cele- 
brate at least three times in the week [the mass] of St. James 
^ de sancto Jacobo") and for the rest of the time, as much as 
he shall be able, of the Blessed Peter the Apostle. 

Item, I bequeath to John Hertipoll a great pair of Cornish 
knives (magnum par cultellorum de cornubia). 

And I make John Hals, my uncle, my executor, leaving to 
him the administration of all my goods not here specified, to 
dispose for the health of my soul as shall seem to him most 
expedient. 

Given at London, 7th July, A.D. 1426. 

Proved i8th July in the year abovesaid before Master John 
Lyndefeld, &c., and administration committed to the executor. 



1426. THOMAS SHELFORDE. 

[6 LUFFENAM. FO. 47.] 

I, Thomas Shelforde, clerk of the Chancery, and canon of 
the Cathedral Church of St. Andrew of Wells, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the north part of the 



n8 



Cathedral Church of Wells . . . late bishop of Bath and 
Wells. 1 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to find three chaplains [to say] masses in 
the said church at the nearest altar to my grave (sepulture) 
there, for my soul and the soul of the said Nicholas, late bishop 
of Bath and Wells, my lord and creator (creatoris), 200 marks, 
of whom I will that each chaplain shall take yearly 8 marks, so 
long as the sum of 200 marks shall last. 

Item, I bequeath to be distributed among the poor parish- 
ioners of Kyngesby, lo/z. 

Item, to the poor parishioners of my prebend of St. Decuman 
of the same diocese, 10 marks. 

Item, I bequeath to Marion, my sister, 10 marks. 

To Agnes, my sister, my best covered cup of silver and gilt, 
with one "serpentyn" in the bottom (in/undo) of the said cup. 

Item, to Helen of Trumpingtone, my kinswoman (con- 
sanguinee], 6os. 

Item, to Clemencia, my kinswoman (consanguinee\ 6os. 

Item, to Joan, daughter of the said Marion, my sister, to 
marry her honestly, 40/2'. 

Item, to Katherine, sister of the said Joan, to marry her in 
like manner, 40/2'. 

Item, I bequeath to Richard Uppes, my servant (servienti\ 
10 marks. 

To Richard Bokelande, my servant, 10 marks. 

To John Cook, my servant, 4/2'. 

To Robert Lang, my servant, 40^. 

To John Parkar alias Forbour, 26s. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 
to my executors, to ordain and dispose thereof as shall seem 
best to them according (secundmn) to God, and their good and 
just consciences. And I make my executors Master John 
Shelforde, my brother, John Reynold, John Godeforde, canons 
of the said church, and Richard Hunnyng of Cambridge. 

Proved I7th September, 1426, and administration committed 
to John Shelforde, executor, with power reserved, &c. 

1 Bp. Nich. Bubwith died in 1424 : something is omitted here, probably the 
words " near the tomb of Nich. Bubwith" Bishop Bubwith's will is preserved at 
Lambeth [Reg. Chichele, fo. 378"]. Testator was prebendary of Warminster 1408-10. 
S.A.S. Proc., xlvii, ii, 202. 



aiTtor. 



1426. JOHN TAILLOR. 

[7 LUFFENAM. FO. 55.] 

A.D. 1426, March 2nd. I, John Taillor, of Aysshe, parish- 
ioner of the parish church of Bokelonde [West Buckland], 
diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
parish church of Bokelonde. 

Item, I bequeath to poor priests (presbiteris) insufficiently 
versed in learning (suam congruetatem minus bene scientibus) 
who wish to study (scolatizare) at Oxford, 50/2'. to be dis- 
tributed by my executors, to celebrate and pray for my soul, 
and the souls of Thomas, my father, and of John Canonbaker, 
of Exeter, late deceased. 

Item, I bequeath 20 dozen (duoden) of woollen cloth com- 
monly called " Russet," to be distributed to the poor before the 
day of my burial. 

Item, to Alice Trymmer, my mother, 10/2. 

To John, my son, 40/2'. 

Item, to William, my son, 40/2'. 

Item, to Joan, my daughter, 40/2'., if they live until their 
lawful age. If any or alt of my children shall die before that 
age, the portion of such as die shall be disposed by my executors 
for our souls, and the souls of all the faithful deceased, as to my 
executors conjointly shall seem best. 

Item, I bequeath to Alice, my wife, 100/2. 

Item, to the fabric or reparation of the way (via) by 
" Hamelonde," 40^. 

Item, to the way by " Hawkeallere," 20s. 

Item, to Sir John, chaplain of Bokelonde, for tithes for- 
gotten, 4/2. 

Item, I bequeath 2 ay. to be distributed to priests (presbiteris) 
to celebrate and pray for my soul before my burial. 

Item, to Sir Robert (blank), 6s. Sd 

Item, to Thomas, my brother, 10 marks. 

Item, I bequeath to John Persone, of Bradforde, 10 marks. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed, I give and 
bequeath to Thomas, my brother, rector of Catteleghe, 



120 &onwmt OTtllsl. 



diocese of Exeter, and to John Pensone, 1 my wife's father, 
that they may dispose for the health of my soul, as shall seem 
best to them, and I make them my executors. 

Proved 24th March in the year abovesaid before Master 
John Lyndefeld, commissary, and administration committed to 
Thomas Taillour, with power reserved, &c. 



1427. ROBERT WALSSHE, ESQ. 

[8 LUFFENAM. FO. 64.] 

6th May, A.D. 1427. I, Robert Walsshe, esquire, make my 
will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chancel of the 
parish church of Langryge, opposite the high altar. 

I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of Llandaff 
6s. Sd 

Item, to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of Bath and 
Wells, 6s. %d. 

Item, I bequeath loos, to 100 priests to celebrate for my soul 
where they dwell (conuersantes} as soon as it may conveniently 
be done. 

Item, I bequeath loos, to be distributed amongst the poor. 

Item, loos, to be distributed amongst priests (inter presbiteros] 
immediately after my death. 

Item, locxy. to ten chaplains of honest conversation, to wit, 
to each ios., to pray for my soul. 

Item, I will that sixty poor men and women shall be 
clothed with woollen cloth, each with two and a half yards of 
the worth of 2s. 6d. 

Item, I bequeath 10/2. to two chaplains to celebrate for my 
soul in the church of Langough (sic) continually for one year. 

Item, I will that a distribution shall be made of 20/2. amongst 
the poor, for my soul, as shall seem most expedient to my 
executors. 

Item, I bequeath to the Rector of Landough 20s. y for my 
tithes forgotten. 

1 N.B. - Persone above was corrected from Pewsone, 



n 19 KID co tr. i2i 



Item, to the Rector of Langruge, 2Os. for the same. 

To the rector of Langan, 6s. 8d. 

To the rector of Seintanthan [St. Athan, Glamorgan], 6s. 8d. 

To the church of Landough, 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to the bridge called Populbrugge, 6s. Sd. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I leave at the 
disposition of my executors that they, having God before their 
eyes, may dispose thereof for my soul, and the souls of my 
parents, and of all the faithful deceased ; and I ordain these, 
Elizabeth my wife, Thomas Crickelade, esquire, Master John 
Penthlyne, Sir Thomas Standich, rector of Langeryge, and I 
will that each of my three last named executors shall receive 
40^. for his labour. 

Proved i8th May in the year abovesaid before Master John 
Lyndefeld, commissary, and administration committed to 
Master John Penthlyne and Sir Thomas Standich executors, 
with power reserved, &c. 



1427. JOHN DRAYCOTE. 

[9 LUFFENAM. FO. 72.] 

On the day [July 7th] of the Translation of St. Thomas the 
Martyr, A.D. 1427. I, John Draycote, rector of the parish 
church of Compton Paunsefote make my will in this 
manner : 

First, I bequeath my body to holy earth (sacre terre) to be 
buried in the churchyard of St. Lawrence of Holewall, before 
the high cross. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wells, 2s. 

Item, to the fabric (sic) of the blessed Mary of New Sarum, 

Item, to the fraternity of St. Nicholas of the church of 
Holewale, $s. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to the Friars Minors of Dorchester, \2d. 

Item, to every priest celebrating in the church where my 
body shall be buried, on the day of my burial, 4^. 

R 



122 



&mntr$tt 



Item, -I bequeath to everyone coming ' in forma pauperis " 
and seeking alms on the day of my burial id. 

I make and constitute as my executors John Fawey, clerk, 
and John Fawey, draper. 

And whatever residue there shall be of my goods I freely 
and without diminution give and bequeath to Henry Fowey 
and his wife, my sister ; and I make John Fauntderoy overseer 
of my will. 

Proved 25th July, 1428, and administration committed to 
John Fowey, chaplain, with power reserved, &c. 

[Testator was instituted to C. P. Oct. 12, 1423, he was formerly R. of 
Holwell. Som. Incs. y p. 72.] 



1427. WILLIAM GKENE. 

[8 LUFFENAM. FO. 57.] 

I, William Grene, make my will in this manner: 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
apostles Peter and Paul in the Abbey of Mochelney. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of St. Andrew of 
Wells, 6s. Sd 

Item, to the parish church of Coryryvell, 4/2. under this form 
(sub hac forma), to wit, that the wardens of the goods of the 
church there shall keep the obit of me and of Agnes, my wife, 
and of Elizabeth, late countess of Salisbury ; and of Robert 
Sparri, formerly husband of the said Agnes, to wit, once in the 
year, to \\ it, to say obsequies (exequias) at night, and on the 
morrow to celebrate a mass of requiem for the souls aforesaid, 
with ringing (pulsacione) of bells as the custom is at night. 
Further I will that the said 4/2'. be disposed by the Advice of the 
vicar now there and of Henry Messanger to the most advantage 
and profit of the said church of Coryryvell. 

Item, I bequeath to the Prior of Mochelney 2s. 6d. to 
celebrate one trental for the souls aforesaid and to the said 
Prior, 6s. Sd 

Item, to William Payn monk (commonacho) there, to pray for 
the souls aforesaid, los. 



Item, to William Drayton monk (commonacho) there, 6s. 8d. 
to pray for the souls aforesaid. 

Item, to the abbot of Mochelney, 6s. Sd. ; and to each of the 
monks of the said abbot, being priests, 40^. to pray for the souls 
aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar of Sweft, IQJ. to pray for the 
souls aforesaid. 

Item, to the vicar of Cory ry veil, 6s. Sd. for the like. 

Item, to the church of Sweft, 13^. 4</ M to pray and say 
obsequies and to hold an obit for the souls aforesaid, at the 
same time as (simul cum obitii] together with the obit of John 
Lorcy. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Drayton, 135. 4^., to pray 
for the souls aforesaid. 

Item, to the vicar of Lamport, to brother John Syfyrwast 
and to brother William Ilmynstre, to each of them 6s. Sd. to 
pray for the souls aforesaid. 

Item, to sir Walter Ilmynstre, fellow-monk (commonacho] of 
the abbot of Foord, 1 $s. 4<^., to pray for the souls aforesaid. 

Item, to the two priests being at my obsequies at Burton, to 
each of them ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to Joan, my servant, one green bed (lectum) 
of Worsted with testers (testr*) " embrawded " with women (cum 
mulieribus) ; also 40 J., and one small chest painted (depictam) 
with the salutation of the Blessed Mary ; also all the clothes 
(velamind) which belonged to Agnes, late my wife ; and my 
white ambling horse (album equum meum ambeler*). 

Item, I bequeath to John Mey, my servant, 26s. Sd. and the 
larger grey ambling horse (greseum\ 

Item, to William Newton, one "perpoint" 1 of linen cloth, one 
pair of " fustians," one bed of red and white colour of Worsted, 
new, with celer 2 (celer*) testers and three " curteyns." 

To John Mey my servant one black gown furred with grey. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Carew, chevalier, one celer (celer 9 ) 
of silk, of red and black colour with three " curteyns " of the 
same. 

1 Fr. , pourpoint, a garment reaching to the waist 
3 Fr., cicl de lit. 



124 



Somerset SKStlla. 



Item, to six poor persons named by the said William (per 
ipsum Willielmum assign^), being at my obsequies at Mochelney, 
and standing there at the mass on the day of my anniversary 
to each of them one gown with hood of russet, and ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to the abbot and convent of Mochelney, 
one pair of vestments of worsted, white with red stripe (alb cum 
rufi Ray), with one " pilwe " of silk and one chalice, under this 
form (sub hac forma) to wit, that each monk of the said house 
who shall celebrate for the souls of William Grene and Agnes, his 
wife, and of Robert Sparry at the altar of St. Elizabeth in the 
church of the said abbey shall use them there, to the honour 
of God, of the Blessed Virgin and St. Elizabeth forever. 

Further, I give to John Walsh my black gown furred with 
" fychaus " [fitchets]. 

The residue of my goods I will shall be disposed for my 
soul at the discretion of my executors, and I ordain William 
Newton and Jean Cordewent my executors. In witness whereof 
I have to these presents affixed my seal, these being witnesses : 
John, vicar of the church of Sweli, John Perham, Hugh West 
and others. 

Given on the day and year abovesaid (sic). 

[N.B. In this will above, vult has occurred once stead of volol\ 
[There is no probate act.] 



1428. AGNES LYTE. 

[29 LUFFENAM. FO. 78.] 

On Monday next before the Feast [August 3 1 ] of St. Cuthburga 
the Virgin, A.D. 1428. 1, Agnes, who was wife of Edmund Lyte, 
of Litestam [Litescary] in the county of Somerset, make my 
will in this manner at Warham [Wareham] in the county of 
Dorset 

I bequeath my body to the earth, to be buried in my parish 
church of Warham. 

[There are a number of legacies to the church, &c., of 
Wareham.] 



CSRiUtam Cbbe. 125 



Item, I bequeath to Agnes my daughter, wife of J. Lyte 
(Agneti filie mee uxoris (sic) J. lyte\ one gown (iupain) of 
blue (blodit) colour with fur (furrurd) thereupon, and one veil 
(flameolum) called " Crymelle." 1 

Item, I bequeath to Joan Ridleris of Ly aforesaid (sic) one 
gown of russet with fur thereupon, with a hood of blue colour. 

Item, to Gregory Marleburgh, my brother, all the debt which 
he owes me. 

Item, I bequeath for the expenses of my burial 2os. 

Item, to Nicholas Hodde and Joan his wife, of the debt 
which they should give me, 6s. 8</. 

Item, to John Watermen, 6d. 

Item, to Isabel Holdyche, ^d. 

Item, to Robert Wytte, \2d. 

Item, to Nicholas, servant of Simon Talbot, one gown 
(iupain) of russet " sengle." 

Item, to Agnes, servant of the said Simon, one green gown 
" sengle." 

Item, to Joan,,servant of John Wymond, one tunic (tunicam) 
of blue colour with fur thereupon. 

Item, I give and bequeath to Simon Talbot and Joan his 
wife, my daughter, all the residue of my goods and chattels 
not above bequeathed, to pray for my soul ; and I make them 
my executors. 

Proved 23rd February, in the year abovesaid before Master 
John Lyndefeld, commissary, and administration committed to 
Simon Taibot, executor, with power reserved, &c. 



1428. WILLIAM CLYVE. 

[lO LUFFENAM. FO. 77.] 

In the name of God amen. I5th September, A.D. 1428. I, 
William Clyve, burgess and merchant of the town (ville) of 
Bristol, make my will in this manner : 

1 Cremil, a word used in connexion with certain textile fabrics; often applied 
attrib. to their borders ; meaning apparently open work or lace, or perhaps a fringe. 
(N.E.D.) 



126 &onulrt WLilti. 



First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church 
of St. Werburgh, Bristol. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the mother church of 
Worcester, loos. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of St. Leonard, Bristol, 2os. 

Item, to the vicar of the said church, for my tithes and 
oblations withdrawn (retractis) and forgotten, 3/2'. 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath to sir John Herford, chaplain of the same 
church, 3^. 4^. 

Item, to the parish clerk of St. Leonard, Bristol, 2od. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of St. Andrew 
of Clyve, 2os. 

Item, to each of the orders of Friars Mendicant of Bristol, 
6s. &d. 

Item, I bequeath for distribution (ad errogandum) to indigent 
(egenis) poor where there shall be greatest need, io/z., for my 
soul and the souls of my parents, &c., at the disposition of my 
executors without delay after my decease lobitum). 

Item, I bequeath to find one suitable chaplain to celebrate 
masses in the church of St. Werburg aforesaid for two years 
next after my death, 10/2. 

Item, I bequeath to Lucy Stevenys, three measures 
(mensuras] of woad (waid}^ 

Item, to John Stevenys, son of the said Lucy, four measures 
of woad (waid) to his marriage, if he be of good government (de 
bona gubernacione). 

Item, to Richard Marchall, my apprentice, when he shall 
have well and faithfully completed the term of his apprentice- 
ship, four measures of woad (waide). 

Item, I bequeath to Edmund my servant 2os. if he be of 
good behaviour {gestura} towards my executors. 

Item, to Agnes my servant 2Os. if she be of good behaviour 
(gestura) and honest government (gubernacione). 

Item, I bequeath to Richard Panys and Christina his wife 

1 The Latin word for woad is gaida. A Bristol bequest in 1498 contains the 
words: " To my daughter a pipe of woad good and merchantable, of the real value 
of 20 marcs sterling, containing 16 measures, of Bristol measure, secundum assaiam 
et probacionem cons' His gaide in eadem villa antiquit usitat 1 " Wadley's Bristol 
Wills, p. 172, 



HUalUr Craatf. 



four measures of woad (waide) which I owe them for the 
restitution (restitutione) of twenty marks for the marriage of the 
said Christina. 

The residue of my goods I bequeath to Agnes my wife, that 
she may ordain and dispose in the manner that shall seem best 
to her for the health of my soul ; and of this my will I make 
Agnes my wife, Richard Forster and Stephen Forster my execu- 
tors; and I will that Agnes my wife shall be principal executrix. 

Proved Qth November in the year abovesaid, and adminis- 
tration granted to Richard Forster, with power reserved, &c. 



1428. WALTER CRAAS. 

[lO LUFFENAM. FO. 79.] 

In the name of God amen. On Friday next after the Feast 
[December 13] of St. Lucy the Virgin, A.D. 1428. I, Walter 
Craas, of Frome Selwode in the diocese of Bath and Wells, make 
my will in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my soul to God Almighty, and my body to 
be buried in the parish church of St. John the Baptist of Frome 
aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the cathedral church of Wells, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to each chaplain of the said church of Frome 
celebrating divine services, 2s. 6d. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas, my son, and to Edith, his wife, 
10 marks. 

Item, to each of their children (cuilibet proli eorundem\ 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to Master William, vicar of Frome, 2Os. 

The residue of my goods I bequeath to Julian, my wife, that 
she may dispose of the said goods for the health of my soul as 
shall seem most expedient to her ; and I make the said Julian, 
my wife, and Thomas, my son, my executors. 

Proved 2nd January in the year abovesaid, and adminis- 
tration to Thomas Craas, with power reserved, &c. 



1429. JOHN BRYGON. 

[22 LUFFENAM. FO. 173.] 

A.D. 1429, 4th May. I, John Brygon of Cowykstrete, 1 make 
my will in this manner. 

I bequeath to the priests (presbiteris) dwelling at Canoun- 
lych I2d. 

Item, to Sir John de Colomstoke, $s. 4^. 

Item, to Sir William Ronyn, \2d. 

Item, I bequeath to the Friars Minors of Exeter, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to the Friars Preachers there, 3^. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to John Spear, 13^. 4^., and I will that my 
executors shall deliver to him of the aforesaid sum a certain 
portion (portionewi) as shall be necessary {prout necesse fuerif). 

Item, I bequeath for repairing the altar of St. Katherine in 
the church of St. Thomas 2od. 

Item, to every boy (puero) raised (levato) by me from the 
holy font, I2d. 

Item to the wardens (custodibus) of the church of Welington, 

3* 4^- 

Item, I bequeath 50 yards (yirgas} of white cloth (panni 

albi) pro lodicibus pauperum. 

Item, I bequeath \2d. amongst the parishioners of Ide. 

Item, to Richard Halle, formerly of the parish of Colm- 
stoke, 2s. 

Item, I bequeath and will that on the day of my burial all 
the poor shall have victuals sufficient for their dinner (prandia), 
and that each of them on leaving (in recessii) shall have of the 
value of \d. (de valore oboli). 

Item, I bequeath to John Brygon, son of my brother, a silver 
bowl (crateram) with a cover (cum coopertd) standing on a foot. 

Item, to Richard Grey, an ox being in his custody, and I 
remit to him all the money he owes me. 

Item, I bequeath to John son of my late servant (Johme (sic) 
filio quondam mee servientis) 2os. 

Item, to John Brygon, son of my brother, 15^. 

Item, to John Cole, 13^. 4^., to maintain the administration 
of my goods (pro sustinenda bonorum meorum administration^)* 

1 In the parish of St. Thomas the Apostle, Exeter. 



Item, I bequeath 3^. kd. to be distributed amongst the poor 
parishioners of Clamstek 9 . 

Item, to the poor of Ufculme, $s. ^d. 

Item, to the poor of Brolescombe, 3^. 4^. 

To the poor of Welington, 4.3. 4^. 

To the poor of Hydon, $s. ^d. 

To the poor of the parish of St. Thomas, 3^. 4^. 

Item, I will that if any of my debtors cannot satisfy my 
executors without great trouble (grauamine), and are able to 
prove the truth of this thing, they shall be in no way oppressed 
(aggrauantur} or sued by my executors, but shall be wholly 
discharged from the said debt. 

Item, I bequeath to the hospital of St. Anthony where it is 
most needed (nbi magis necesse fuerit) 2os., to pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to John Brygon my best helmet (galeani) 
with ventaile (ventalld). 

Item, I bequeath to John Spear the reversion of a tenement 
with the garden adjacent after the death of Dionysia my wife, 
in the which tenement Joan Spicer now dwells in the borough 
of Welington, to have and to hold the said burgage to the 
aforesaid John for life, of the chief lords of that fee. 

Item, I will that the said John Spear shall have one pair of 
coverlets (lodicutri) of the 50 yards of cloth " de blanket " above- 
bequeathed. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar of the church of St. Thomas, 
for tithes forgotten, 3^. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to John Brigon, my brother, 13^. ^d. for 
undertaking the administration of my goods. 

Item, to the wardens of the fraternity of the Blessed Mary in 
the church of St. Thomas, $s. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to John, son of John Atteyate, 2s. ^d. 

Item, to William Brigon, 6s. 8d 

Item, to Cristina my servant, \2d. 

Item, I bequeath to the wardens of the fraternity of the holy 
Trinity in the church of Welington for the term of twenty years 
and more, if lawfully (juridice) it may be done 3*. 4^. issuing 
out of the burgage in which John Yeue now dwells. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to my executors, to dispose for my soul. 

s 



130 



Item, I give to Thomas Grey and Joan his wife, and the 
issue of the said Thomas the reversion of one burgage after the 
death of me and Dionysia my wife ; in which burgage John 
Jone now dwells, to hold of the chief lords of that fee by the 
services thereof due and accustomed. And if the said Thomas 
die without issue, I will that the said burgage with its appur- 
tenances shall remain to my right heirs for ever. 

I ordain executors of this will John Brygon, my brother, 
John Cole and Thomas Grey of Hydon. 

Proved before Master John Lyndefeld, nth May, 1434, and 
administration committed to John Cole and Thomas Grey, with 
power reserved, &c. 



1429. SIR JOHN HALSANGER. 

[13 LUFFENAM. FO. IOI.] 

A.D. 1429, the penultimate day of May. I, sir John Halsanger 
make my will in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my soul to God who created it out of 
nothing, and my body to holy burial in the churchyard of 
Bradeford juxta Taunton. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Asshecombe, son of William 
Asshecombe, two brass pots (ollas eneas), and one red bed 
(Jectum rubeum} with a covering (tapeto]^ embroidered (em- 
brouderato] with a certain animal called " Griffonys" 

Item, all other my goods not bequeathed, I give and 
bequeath to Joan, eldest daughter of William Asshecombe, and 
I make her executrix of this my will, that she may have God 
before her eyes in the administration, as she will answer 
therefor at the day of judgment before God and his angels. 
And I make William Asshecombe and John Asshecombe, his 
father, overseers of this my will. 

In witness whereof I have to these presents affixed my seal. 

Proved 23rd August [year not given], and administration 

1 A carpet, used in the middle ages for covering tables, benches, or beds, not 
the floor. 



committed to Thomas Asshecombe, kinsman (consanguineo) of 
the said deceased. Joan the executrix assenting, with power 
reserved, &c. 



1429. JOHN GREGORY. 

[12 LUFFENAM. FO. 93.] 

2nd October, A.D. 1429. I, John Gregory of Bruton, make 
my will in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my soul to God, and my body to be buried 
in the parish church of the blessed Mary of Bruton, next Eleanor, 
late my wife. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church aforesaid. 2Os. t 
or the value, and a chalice (calicem) of silver gilt. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of St. Andrew 
of Wells, 3* ^d. 

Item, to the parish church of Bruton, two banners of silk 
(vexilla de serico). 

Item, I bequeath to the prior of Witham a book called 
Syding de gallic? 

Item, I bequeath to the prior of Stauerdale, one psalter 
(psalterium). 

Item, to the prior of the convent of Bruton, a cup (ciphum) of 
silver, to pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to Gregory, my servant, a gown furred 
(togam furratam) with " oter" and 2OS. 

Item, to John, son of the said Gregory, one brass pot (pllam 
eneani) and one pan (patellam). 

Item, I bequeath to John Barbour, my kinsman (cognato 
meo\ one gown (togam} and 2Os. 

Item, to John Sexcey, 2os. 

To John Maskell, 2Os., and one dozen of cloth (duodenam 
pani). 

Item, I bequeath to Walter Milward, one gown furred (togam 
furratam). 

Item, to Nicholas my servant, one gown and 6s. 8rf. 

Item, I bequeath to John Wattys servant, one gown. 



132 &omm!et Wiilti. 



Item, to Richard Weston, my son (filio) one gown furred 
with " cvisty grey" and 10 marks in money, and all my armour 
(armaturam). 

Item, I bequeath to John Barbour one " Jacke de defence" 
of silk. 

Item, I bequeath to John, son of the said John Barbour, my 
kinsman (cognato) IQOS. if he shall be living, and if he shall not 
live to the age of 12 years I will that they be distributed by 
my executors amongst the poor, for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to John, son of Gregory Milward, one cow. 

I bequeath to Richard Arnold one pair of paternosters 
(pr nr) of "jeet." 

Item, I bequeath to Richard, Prior of Bruton, one pair of 
paternosters of "jeet" with gauds 1 (gaudiis) of gold. 

Item, to Thomas Brown, one bow and 24 arrows. 

Item, to Master John Symondesburgh, one horse which I 
had of the prior of Witham, to pray for my soul, and a piece of 
white cloth to distribute amongst his brethren. 

Item, I bequeath to John Hethe, of Shafton, one gown 
(togam). 

Item, to Thomas Welles, my servant, one gown (togam) of 
the livery (de libratd) of the prior of Bruton, furred with " fox." 

And I will that a chaplain shall be found by my executors for 
three years at the altar of the holy cross in the parish of Bruton. 

Item, I bequeath to Edith, my servant (servienti) one basin 
(pelvim) with ewer (lavacro) and one brass pot (ollam). 

Item, to Isabella, my servant (servienti) one basin (pelvim) 
and one pot (ollam). 

And I will that IOQJ. shall be distributed to the poor on the 
day of my burial for my soul. 

The residue of my goods I bequeath to Amice, my wife ; 
and I ordain as my executors my beloved in Christ Master 
John Symondesburgh, Amice, my wife, Thomas Brown and 
Richard Arnold ; and as overseer, William Carent. 

Proved nth November in the year abovesaid ; and 
administration granted to John Symondesburgh, with power 
reserved, &c. 

1 Gaud, one of the larger and more ornamental beads placed between the decade 
of " aves" in a rosary. (N. E.D.) 



fitdjolas 



1429. NICHOLAS MOLEYNS. 

[lO LUFFENAM. FO. 83.] 

I, Nicholas Moleyns, on Friday next before the Feast of 
the Purification of the Blessed Mary, A. D. 1429, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
Blessed Mary of Mountague in co. Somerset. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar of Christchurch Twynham 2s., 
for my tithes forgotten ; and to the poor there, 6d. 

Item, to the vicar of Fordyngbrigge, 2s. for my tithes 
forgotten ; and to the poor there, 6d. 

Item, to the vicar of Southepedertone and to the vicar 
of Kingesbury, 2s. each as above ; and to the poor of each 
place, 6d. 

Item, I bequeath all my moveable goods and chattels at 
Jayellesmelle and Gaywellesbrigge to Joan, my wife. 

Item, I will that my feoffees shall pay to the marriage of 
Matilda, my daughter, 10 marks out of my lands and tenements 
of Sandhulle. 

Item, I will that [of] the 40/2'. which William Shorte of 
Seburghe owes me for the marriage of John my son, he shall 
deliver 20 marks to John Roucle and John Parelle, due to them 
for divers lands and tenements in co. Southampton lately 
bought of them, and 20 marks to the marriage of the said 
Matilda, and 20 marks to my executors. 

Item, I will that my feoffees shall pay, out of my lands and 
tenements of Jayellesmelle and Southpederton, 40 marks to my 
executors ; of which 40 marks I will that my executors shall 
deliver to William, Giles, Robert and Thomas, my sons, 40^. 
each. 

And I will further that my said executors shall find a 
chaplain to celebrate for two years for the soul of me, the 
aforesaid Nicholas, and for the souls of my parents, giving him, 
of the said 40 marks, 8 marks yearly. 

Item, I will that my feoffees shall make a sure status to my 
four sons of and in my lands and tenements in Northpederton, 
Bokelounde, Crosse and Lynge, for the whole term of their 



134 



life ; and after the decease of each of them, their part of 
the said lands and tenements shall remain to my right heirs 
for ever. 

Item, I will that my feoffees shall make a legal dower to 
Joan, my wife, of all the lands and tenements of which they 
were enfeoffed by me, excepting the lands, &c., last abovesaid ; 
and, after my will has been fulfilled of these my lands in 
Sandhulle, Jayellesmelle and Southpedertone, I will that my 
said feoffees shall make feoffment thereof to John Moleyns, my 
son and heir, to him and his heirs for ever. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to William Moleyns, William Lone, vicar of 
Kingesbury, and Joan my wife, to do therewith for my soul 
and for my benefactors as shall seem to them most expedient ; 
and I ordain the said William, William and John (sic) my 
executors. 

Proved, 29th April in the year abovesaid, before Master 
John Lyndefeld, commissary, and administration committed to 
William Moleyns, executor, with power reserved, &c. 



1429. RICHARD PAVELEY. 

[12 LUFFENAM. FO. 95.] 

loth March, A.D. 1429, I, Richard Paueley, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial in the parish church of 
Frome. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells, 3J. 4d 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Frome aforesaid, 13^. 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to John Clevedone, one gown of 
" Worstede." 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed, after my 
debts and funeral expenses are faithfully paid, I give and 
bequeath to Elizabeth my wife, for the good and faithful 
execution of this my will ; and I ordain my executors the said 



i^evtplpole. 135 



Elizabeth, Edmund Forde and James Craas, to dispose for my 
soul as shall seem most expedient to them. 

Proved 18 May 1430, before Master John Lyndefeld, 
commissary, and administration committed to Elizabeth, relict 
of the deceased, executrix, in the person of Nicholas Wotton, 
her proctor, &c. 

Richard Pavely, arm., presented to Egforton als. Fairoke [which benefice 
was, in 1460, united to that of Berkley (nr. Frome)] from 1413 to 1429. 
[Somerset Incumbents, p. 476, where for Panely read Pavefy.] 



1431. JOHN HERTYLPOLE. 

[17 LUFFENAM. FO. 130.] 

I, John Hertylpole, rector of the churches of Byngham 1 and 
Soridore by apostolic authority, make my will in this manner: 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the chancel of 
either of the churches aforesaid, if I die near either of them 
within forty miles (per xL miliaruni) ; or elsewhere, where God 
shall dispose, according to the ordination of my executors. 

Item, I bequeath for the performance of my obsequies (ad 
faciend exequias meets) in either of the said churches, without 
pomp, in distribution to the poor (distribucione pauperuni) 40/2. 
or more, according to the ordination of my executors. 

Item, I bequeath to the prior and monks of the Carthusian 
order in London, to pray for my soul, io/z., and to perform 
my obsequies (exequias meas) there. 

Item, to each priest (sacerdoti) ministering at my obsequies 
(exequias), I2d., and to each clerk, 6d. 

Item, to an honest chaplain in the church of Gaynesbury 
for one year, and to one other honest chaplain in the said 
church of Brigham for four years as soon after my death as 
they can be hired (conduct), to celebrate the mass of " Requiem " 
every Monday and Friday, with the prayers (oracionibus) Deus 
cuius misericordie non est numerus, &c., and Deus qui es summa 
nostra Redemcio, &c., and intercession for the faithful departed 
(sub una conclusione et oracione fideliuiri) with one trental of 

1 According to Official Kalendar, these places are Brigham (Cumb. ) and Sandy 
(Beds.). 



136 $omer*et OTtlfe. 



St. Gregory, according to the feasts accustomed (festa consuet?}, 
and to say the office of the dead (pfficium mortuoruni) every 
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, and in other masses Deus 
cuius misericordie non est numerus, and of the saints, to wit, to 
each of the said chaplains at Weston and Gaynesburgh, 
7 marks ; and at Brigham, 10 marks ; provided always that the 
said chaplains shall be present in person at the divine obsequies 
(obsequiis) in the churches aforesaid (cum nota fienda) unless 
infirmity or reasonable cause shall prevent it. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert, my brother, 20/2. ; a piece of 
silver with a cover standing on feet ; two basins (pehies) with 
ewers (lauacris\ one bed of mine covered with worsted 
( Worsted paliato^), one long black chest, and another new 
one at Sondoye, two great " Rekkes," and two great spits 
(verua) in case I die before him. 

Item, I bequeath to John Guby, esquire, one piece with a 
cover, with the image of St. John the Baptist, and a vessel for 
holy water (aquariam) gilt. 

Item, I bequeath to Hugh Helweys, one small piece of silver 
with a cover, and 40^. 

Item, to Thomas Smythe, clerk, a small piece gilt,standing (sic) 
with a cover, and two other pieces gilt of one sort without cover. 

Item, I bequeath in distribution to the poor parishioners of 
Weston, IQOS. 

Item, to the high altar there, one missal and one vestment 
worth 12 marks. 

Item, to the high altar of Melles, one cope (capo) worth loos. ; 
and to be distributed to the poor there loos. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Brigham, and to the 
chaplain there (capellaif\ 20/2. 

Item, to the poor parishioners there, 10 marks, to be 
faithfully distributed with the supervision of William Stapilton 
and Alexander Mercer. 

Item, to the cathedral church of Hereford, one cope of the 
worth of loos. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Gaynesburgh one vest- 
ment worth 10 marks. 

1 Palliatus : panno serico indutus, coopertus, convert tfun tissu de soie, 
(Dttcange.) 



Cohr. 



Item, I bequeath to the abbot of Glaston, two cruets 
(phioles) gilt (deauratas). 

Item, I bequeath to William Dent, my servant, a chest of 
Flaunders that was at Weston, &c. . . . 

I make William Prestwike, Thomas Smythe, Nicholas 
Robert and William Dent my executors. 

Dated at London on the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle, 
A.D. 1431 and 10 Henry VI. 

Proved i/th November, 1432, and administration committed 
to the executors. 



1433. JOHN COKE. 

[l8 LUFFENAM. FO. 140.] 

A.D. 1433, April 27th. I, John Coke, Canon and Residentiary 
of the cathedral church of St. Andrew of Wells, add and give 
(addo et do) to the will previously made 1 by way of codicil the 
underwritten, to wit : 

Item, I give to John Longe, my clerk, my tenement with its 
appurtenances in the street (vico) of Colbrok street in the city 
of Winchester. 

[Other bequests follow of tenements in Winchester minutely described.] 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wynscombe, 
1 3 s. 4d. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Pudelhenton, 13^. 4^. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Alton next my church of 
Pedeltreynhid, 2Os. 

This will was proved before Master John Lyndefeld, 
Commissary [no date is given] and administration committed 
to the executor. 



1 Not registered here. 



138 



1436. ROGER WODEHELE. 

[2O LUFFENAM. FO. l6o.J 

On the Morrow of the day [July 26] of St. Anne, mother of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary, A.D. 1436. I, Roger Wodehele, Canon 
of the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Andrew, of Wells, make 
my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the nave of the said 
church, at the head (ad capuf) of Thomas Terry, formerly Canon 
of the church aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath 4/2'. for one thousand masses to be celebrated 
as soon as may be after my soul shall have left my body. 

Item, I bequeath 40^. to be distributed amongst the poor on 
the day of my burial. 

Item, I bequeath to William Wodehille, my nephew (nepoti\ 
40s. 

To Joan and Christian, his sisters, 2Os. each. 

Item, to Agnes Corydon, 2os, 

To Isabella Ferby 13^. ^d. 

Item, to Thomas Wodehille, my nephew, 40$. 

To W T illiam Chambre 13^. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church afore- 
said, 26s. %d. 

Item, to John Lichefeld, 2Os. 

Item, to John Orgraue, my servant (famulo), 2Os. 

To William Lange, my servant (servienti\ los. 

To Walter, my servant (famulo], $s. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Northecory, 6s. $>d. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Stokegregory, 6s. 8d. 

To the parishioners of Stoke Gregory aforesaid, one missal, 
one pair of vestments, one cross of " Laton," one censer 
(turrlbulum) copper gilt (cupr* deaurat), and two lead brewing 
vessels (pandoxatores). 

Item, I bequeath to the canons, vicars and other ministers 
(ministris) being at the " dirige " and masses of the dead (missas 
de defunctis} on the day of my burial, 40^. 

The residue of my goods unbequeathed I give and bequeath 
to my executors, that they may keep yearly the day of my 



OTtlltam 



anniversary in the Cathedral Church aforesaid, by distributing 
every year 2Os. so long as the said residue shall last. And I 
constitute my executors Sir William Hoper, vicar of the 
Cathedral Church aforesaid, John Lichefeld, and William Wode- 
hille, my nephew. 

Proved 2;th August in the year abovesaid, and administra- 
tion committed to John Lichfeld, executor, &c., and to the 
discreet men Sir William Hoper, chaplain, and William Wode- 
hill in the person of the said John Lichefeld, proctor, &c. 



1436. WILLIAM POULET. 

[23 LUFFENAM. FO. 1 8 1.] 

A.D. 1436, 1 5th August. I, William Poulet, make my will in 
this manner: 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the north part (in boriali 
parte] of the church of Northepedirton. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of St. Andrew 
of Wells 1 2d. 

Item, to a priest of honest life, 40 marks to celebrate for the 
health of my soul for five years. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Northe- 
pe.lirton 2os. 

Item, to Ellen, my wife's maid (ancille\ 6s. 8d. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 
to my executors underwritten, viz., Alice, my wife, Alexander 
Hody, John Batyne, clerk, and Martin Jacobe ; there being 
witnesses to these presents William Magotte and John Shete, 
specially called (rogatis} for the premises. 

Given at Melcomb in co. Somerset. 

Proved 22nd January in the year abovesaid, before Master 
John Lyndefeld, commissary, and administration granted to 
Sir John Batyne, chaplain, with power reserved, &c. 



1436. EDWARD GREVYLLE. 

[23 LUFFENAM. FO. 183.] 

December I2th, A.D. 1436. I, Edward Grevylle, make my 
will in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my body to sacred burial in the parish 
church of Cherdelynche. 

Item, I bequeath to each priest present at the funeral offices, 
I2d. } and to each clerk there discharging (persoluenti) divine 
offices, 6d. ; and to the lesser clerks there, ^d. 

Item, to the parish church of Cherdelynche, to the fabric 
thereof, 3/2'. 

Item, I bequeath to the chapel of St. John the Baptist of 
Godleghe 1 4 marks. 

Item, to sir Stephen Chapman, rector of Cherdelyng 9 , to 
celebrate for my soul, 40^. 

Item, to brother Thomas, of the order of Austin Friars of 
Bristol,4o celebrate a trental for my soul, 5 marks. 

Item, to the said Thomas, for his diligent pains bestowed 
upon me (pro suo diligenti labore michi impenso\ 3^, ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to the convent of Friars Minor of Brigge- 
water 10 marks, to celebrate for my soul for two whole [years] 
(per duos completes (sic) ), to wit, every Sunday a mass of the 
Trinity ; on the second day of the week (Feria secundd) of the 
Angels (de Angelis) ; on the third day, of the Holy Spirit (de 
sancto Spiritu) ; on the fourth day, of requiem ; on the fifth day, 
of the Body of Christ (de corpore Ckristi) ; on the sixth day, of 
the holy cross (de sancta Cruce) ; and on Saturday (sabbato) of 
St. Mary. 

Item, I bequeath to the conven of Austin Friars of Bristol 
40^., to celebrate for my soul through the year (per annum), 
taking each day in one mass the collect Deus cui proprium? 

Item, I bequeath to brother William Stowrd, to celebrate for 
my soul, 2 marks. 

Item, to John Curtenay, my gown of scarlet with a hood 
of " Musterdevylers " and one " baselard " of silver. 

1 Now Gautheney in Charlinch (see Collinson, I, 239). This will is valuable as 
giving the dedication of the chapel. 

2 This Sarum Collect is used in die trigintali : see Sarum Missal (Dickinson), 
p. 869*. 



(ferefmlle. I4 , 



Item, to Leonard Stepylton, my blue (blodiam) gown furred. 

Item, -to William up Thomas, my gown of "murray en- 
greyned," and one flat (planam) piece without a cover. 

Item, I bequeath to Mary, my sister, a gown of green colour, 
formerly my wife's. 

Item, to Richard Martyn, 5 marks and a " sorel " horse, 
and my sword, with one " jakke of defens," and a black hood. 

Item, to John Scherlond I bequeath 5 marks, with one 
black horse and saddle (selld) and bridle (freno\ and one 
"wodeknyff" and one new doublet (deploidem). 

Item, I bequeath to Katherine Hullond, 5 marks. 

To John Payn 2os. 

Item, to Elys Deyman, 2Os. 

Item, to John Newman, 2Os. 

To John Rabys worthy 2Os. 

To John Hullond 2Os. 

Item, to John and Thomas, sons of the said John Hullond, 
to each of them severally los. 

To William Trayleman 2os. 

To John Fammell the younger, 13^. ^d. 

To Anastasia, wife of Richard Martyn, 2 marks and a furred 
gown of murrey. 

Item, to Agnes Hullond, 40^. 

Item, to William Roos, 13^. 4^. 

Item, to John Bercorn 9 , 3^. 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to my lord bishop of Exeter one horse 
called Trill. 

Item, to my brother Richard Grevylle, my seal. 

Item, to my mother one ring, and all the apparel (apparatuni) 
hanging in my hall. 

Item, to Thomas Spencer, one " goshawk." 

Item, I bequeath to Isota Hullond one " huke." 1 

Item, to all my servants, their wages and liveries for the 
term of the Nativity of our Lord next to come. 

Item, I bequeath to my brother Stepilton one embroidered 
(stragulatuni) hood. 

Item, I will that the lordship of Batheneston shall be sold 

1 An outer garment or mantle worn by women in the fourteenth century, and 
afterwards adopted by men. (Fairholt's Costume in England.) 



142 ^otwrset OTttlsl. 



to have mass (inissa) in the parish church of Cherdelynche for 
my soul, and the soul of Isabella, my wife, and for the souls of 
my parents and friends. 

The residue of my goods I bequeath to my executors, to 
wit, to sir Philip Thornebury, William up Thomas, John 
Curtenay, and Richard Martyn. 

Proved 5th February in the year abovesaid, and administra- 
tion granted to John Curtenay and Richard Martyn, with power 
reserved, &c., and commission issued to the Master of the 
Hospital of St. John, and to the perpetual vicar of the church of 
St. Mary of Bruggewater to commit, &c., &c. 



1436. JOHN POULET, KNT. 

[23 LUFFENAM. FO. 1 8 1.] 

A.D. 1436, 3rd January. I, John Poulet, knight, seeing the 
danger of death draw near, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chancel of the 
Blessed Katherine 1 of Nony. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Nony, iooy. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Fisshertone, loos. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Northepedirtone, 2os. 

Item, to the Friars Preachers of Brygewater, 2os. 

Item, to the five men serving me, to wit, John Mokforde, 
Thomas Kepe, Henry Smythe, Thomas Haselle and John 
William, to each of them 2Os. 

Item, I give and bequeath all my lands and tenements, &c., 
in the borough of Brygewater to my executors underwritten, 
to sell the same in the best manner they can, and to distribute 
the money thereof coming for the health of my soul and the 
soul of William my father, and to fulfil my last will. 

Item, I will that all the lands which I or my feoffees have in 
Holewille, within the parish of Risshetone, shall be sold by my 
executors, and the money thereof coming be distributed at 
their discretion, provided nevertheless that all my debts shall 
first be paid. 

1 This was a chantry in the parish church of Nunney which was dedicated to 
All Saints (see Somerset Incumbents]. 



The residue of my goods not bequeathed, I give and bequeath 
to Custance my wife. 

And I make my executors the said Custance, Alexander 
Hody, John Batyne, clerk, and William Magotte ; and Walter 
Hungerford, lord of Heytesbury and of Hornet, overseer 
thereof. 

These being witnesses, William Henton and John Shete. 

Given at Melcomb under my signet. 

Proved 22nd January in the year abovesaid, before Master 
John Lyndefeld, commissary, and administration committed to 
Sir John Batyne, clerk, and William Magotte, with power 
reserved, &c. 



1438. JOHN STOURTON. 

[25 LUFFENAM. FO. 195.] 

I, John Stourton of Preston, 1 the elder, son of John Stourton, 
formerly Lord de Stourton, brother of William Stourton, son 
and heir of the said John Stourton de Stourton, on the tenth 
day of November, 1438, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial in the church of Staver- 
dale. Item, I will that my body shall be carried thither in my 
best waggon (plaustro), and that the same shall be drawn by 
my ten best oxen, and that the waggon and oxen shall remain 
to the said house for a memorial of my soul 

Item, I will that on the day of my burial the prior of the 
said place shall have 40$-. ; and every canon there 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to Katherine, my wife, 14 oxen being at 
Preston, with the waggon, ploughs, yokes, iron chains, " dragges," 
harrows (herpices] with all the apparatus to the same, and which 
belongs to husbandry there. Also 200 sheep (multones) and 
one half of my corn and grain at Preston, both in the barns 
there and sown in the fields, equally to be divided between the 
said Katherine and my executors. I give to her also all my 
brewing vessels (vasa pandoxabilid) and all that belongs to my 
bake-house (pistrinani) and my brewing house (domum pandox- 
abiliem) there, both lead, brass and wood, and all my vessels of 

1 Preston Plucknett near Yeovil, 



144 &omtmt TOUR 



tin, brass, stone and iron, with iron spits (veruferreis) and other 
necessaries and utensils belonging to the offices of the kitchen 
and larder (lardarie) there. Also all that " stuffe " which 
belongs to my chambers there, and to the pantry and butlery 
there, such as beds, sheets, blankets (lodicibus), " matreas, 
quyltes, fetherbedys, pylowes," cloths, towels, and other 
necessaries, and all things belonging to the said houses, 
except all jewels and all silver vessels gilt or not gilt, which 
I reserve at the disposition of me and my executors. Item, 
I bequeath to the said Katherine of vessels (de vasts) two 
chased silver salts, whereof one is covered, and all cups which 
are assigned by writing in the butlery to Thomas " Panter," 
with one " potte " of silver there. Also one pair of vestments 
for the chapel, which belonged to Master Richard, my brother 
of black " tartryne " and red, with all the apparel to the same 
for the altar. Also one white chalice, one " frount " and " rere- 
frount " of " Grenetarteryn," and two phials which belonged to 
the said Master Richard. Also one silver cup covered, which 
belonged to St. Thomas the Martyr (quod fuit sancti Thome 
martiris). Also all my " stuffe " which belongs to the hall as 
well for the summer as for the winter, except the silver vessels. 
Item, I bequeath to the said Katherine one cup called " le 
Note" harnessed with silver and gold and covered. Item, one 
grey " ambler " horse, which I had of the receiver of the Lord 
Bishop of Bath. Also one silver cup called " a stonnynge 
cuppe" "coueryd and gyld enameled the pomelle of blew, 
paysynge 2 Ibs. 7j ounces." 

Item, I bequeath to John Stourton, knight, my good psalter 
which belonged to William, his father, and one pair of vestments 
of blue cloth of gold, one gilt chalice, two cruets of silver, one 
bell of silver, two candlesticks of silver, and three " quysshyns " 
of silk for his chapel. 

Item, I bequeath to the Lady Abbess of Shafton one piece 
of silver, " flatte," and covered and gilt, which belonged to 
Master Edward Prentys. 

Item, I bequeath to Anastasia, my sister, one piece of silver, 
" flatte," covered. 

Item, to William Carent and Margaret his wife, one pair of 
beads of gold. 



$tourton. 145 



Item, to the said William, my black horse which I had of 
Thomas Knyvalle, knight. 

Item, I bequeath to Cecilia, my daughter, one cup of silver 
covered and gilt, which I had of Nicholas Orteys. 

Item, I will that the church of Staverdale and the cloister 
there shall be completed in all things, as well in glazing the 
windows as in other buildings there to be done, and that the 
expenses and costs thereof shall be borne by my executors. 

Item, I will that two images carried thither by me \per me 
cariatas), shall be ordained and placed in the middle of the 
choir of the said church, between the stalls there, and that 
underneath shall be made a certain tomb (sepulcrum), ordained 
and walled (muratum) for the bodies of me and my wife to be 
placed therein reasonably and honestly after our death, with one 
" closet " of iron bars around the said tomb ; and that the 
reading-desk (lectrinunt) shall be at the head of the said tomb. 

Item, I will that the aforesaid church shall be throughout 
(in omnibus) honestly paved with " Tyle " of my arms and the 
arms of my mother. 

Item, I bequeath to the Friars of Dorchester 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the Friars of Brygewater 6s. 8d. 

To the fabric of the church of Yeuelle 40^. 

To the fabric of the church of St. Andrew of Wells 6s. 8d. 

Item, I will and firmly prohibit that any great cost be 
incurred on the day of my burial, nor further cost on the day 
of my anniversary, except such as must of necessity be borne, 
but that what is [usually] spent in these uses should be dis- 
tributed among the poor, though it reach (licet attingaf] the sum 
of 20/2. 

Item, I bequeath to Joan Sydenham, my daughter, one 
covered cup gilt in the likeness of a custard 1 (costardi) with 
leaves. 

Item, to William Carent, for his labour and friendship, 
beyond what is bequeathed to him, lO/z. 

Item, to William Bochelle, 10 marks. 

To John Godewyne, for the execution of the will of Master 
Richard Stourton and mine, ioli, 

1 Formerly a kind of opsn pie : cf, custard-cups, a local name in Shropshire 
for the willow-herb. (N.E.D.) 



146 &omenfet OTtTte. 



Item, I bequeath to Lewis, rector of the church of Penne 
[Pendomer], loos. 

Item, I will that a tomb (tumbd) shall be made by my 
executors at Dowlysshwake of two images, one of a man armed and 
the other of a gentlewoman, designed (deputate) for a memorial 
of John Keynes and his wife, at the cost of my said executors, 
and that the images shall be placed between the high altar of 
the church there, and the chapel of the chantry of the said John 
Keynes. 

Item, I will that if John Stourton, knight, my nephew, shall 
make complaint (querelaverit) to my executors for any things 
which belonged to William his father, and if he be not content 

with what I have bequeathed to him 

(et de remanere maneriorum terrarum et tenementorum vieorum 
quod sibi et heredibus suis post diversos status terminandos rectis 
heredibus met prefati Johannis Stourton) ; but if he make no 
complaint, then I will he shall have what I have disposed. 

Item, I will that all my garments shall be distributed amongst 
my household servants, at the discretion of my executors ; and 
all the residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 
to my executors to distribute for my soul, and to perform my 
last will. And I ordain William Carent, John Godewyne and 
William Bochelle (Bocheft), my executors. 

Proved 2/th January in the year abovesaid, before Master 
John Lyndefeld, commissary, and administration committed to 
the executors named, in the person of William Payne, their 
proctor in this behalf. 



1439. SIMON RALEGHE. 

[27 LUFFENAM. FO. 214.] 

I, Simon Raleghe, on the third day of February, A.D. 1439, 
make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
Blessed Mary of Netilcombe, on the north part of the church 
(in boriali parte) next the great stone there. 

Item, I bequeath to the church aforesaid two " doues," two 
cows and twenty sheep, to have my obit and the obit of my 



Militant 



parents' ancestors (parentum antecessorunt] and my friends held 
there once a year by the wardens of the goods of the said church 
for ever. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of the Blessed Mary of 
Bokelonde, and to the sisters serving God there, 13^. 4</., to pray 
for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to John Person, my servant, 40^. to pray 
for my soul. 

Item, to Thomas Quyk, my servant, 13^. 4</, to pray for my 
soul. 

Item, to John Buryman, my servant, 6s. 8</., to pray for my 
soul. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed, after my 
debts are fully paid, I give and bequeath to Joan my wife. 
And I ordain my executors the said Joan, . . . [one name 
erased], and John Crose, and Walter Portman senior my 
overseer. 

Given at Netilcombe under my seal. 

Proved I4th April, 1440, before Master John Lyndefeld, 
commissary, and administration committed to the executors in 
the person of William Payne, their proctor, &c. 



1441. WILLIAM WENARD. 

[14 Rous. FO. 105.] 

In Dei nomine, Amen. On Wednesday next before the 
feast of the Purification of the Blessed Mary, 20 Henry VI, 
A.D. 1441, at Clistbarnevile, co. Devon, I, William Wenard, 
make my will in this manner : 

My body to be buried in the conventual church of the Friars 
Minors, Exeter, in a certain new chapel there lately founded 
and erected from the goods conferred on me by God. 

Item, to each poor person, male or female, coming on the 
day of my burial 2d. 

To the Friars Preachers of Exeter to say "Placebo and 
" Dirige " and one mass of " Requiem " for my soul, and the 
souls of those to whom I am boun J, 2Os. 



To the Friars Preachers of Ilchester, Sarum, Winchester, and 
London to say "Placebo " and " Dirige" (as above). 

To the Friars Minors of Dorchester, Bridgewater, Sarum, 
Winchester, and London, to each house 2cxr. 

To the house of the order of Friars Minors, Exeter, to make 
a new cloister there, 100 marks, that the brethren of that house 
my specially pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to the prioress of Po'sloo and the convent of 
the same place to make a new tower or belfry (campanile) there 
80 marks. 

For the marriage of poor girls in the county of Devon 100 
marks. 

To John, my son, in silver vessels and in gold and silver 
1,000/2. 

If it happen that my said son shall die within the age of 21 
years I will that the said silver vessels, gold and silver, remain 
to my executors to dispose thereof in works of charity, &c. 

To each parish church in the counties of Devon and 
Cornwall 8s. ^.d. on condition that my name be written on a 
certain glass window or in a certain public place of each church 
so that it can be seen by all men, as well friends as enemies, 
that when they see my name publicly written they perchance be 
induced more quickly to pray for my soul. 

To the abbots of Tavystok, Bucfestre, Dunkeswell, and 
Newenham, and to the priors of Plympton, St. German, 
Bodminne, Montacute, and St. Swithin of Winchester, and their 
convents to pray for my soul and the souls to which I am 
bound IOD marks between them, equally to be divided, on 
condition that my name be written on a certain glass window as 
is aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath 300 marks to make a new bridge commonly 
called " Grindelbrigge." 

My feoffees in 4 acres of land shall deliver their estate to 
such persons as the Master of the Hospital of St. John the 
Baptist, Exeter, shall wish to name, to have and to hold for 
ever. 

My executors shall take all profits of all my lands in the 
counties of Devon, Somerset, Wilts, Southampton, and 
Middlesex till the full age of the said John, my son, and dispose 



Cjomasl CfrnnOtt. 



thereof for my soul and the souls of my ancestors and all the 
faithful deceased. 

The residue to be distributed in works of charity and for the 
health of my soul. 

Executors, John Fortescu, knight, Justice of the King's 
Bench, John Blevet, John Copleston, Thomas Greyston, 
chaplain, John Shillingiord, John German, Henry Cook, and 
William Hunte. 

Proved 5th November, A.D. 1442. Administration to John 
Blevet, John German, and Henry Cook. 

[An account of the testator and his family is given in Ancient Sepulchral 
Effigies of Devon, by W. H. H. Rogers, F.S.A., p. 156. In the Guildhall, 
Exeter, we find on the panelling the narr.e, " Wm. Wynard, Recorder and 
Benefactor, 1404," and his arms, Ar. on a bend as. three mullets of the 



1442. THOMAS CHINNORE. 

[15 Rous. FO. 117.] 

^ 6th January, A.D. 1442, and in the 2 1st year of the reign of 
King Henry the Sixth, I, Thomas Chynnore, citizen and 
fishmonger of London. 

My body to be buried in the monastery of St. Mary de 
Graciis by the Tower of London, in the chapel of St. Anne there. 

To Joan, my wife, io//. of those \$li. wherein the abbot of 
St. Mary de Graciis and the convent are bound to me, and the 
residue of that debt I release to the said abbot and convent, on 
condition that they find a fit chaplain and honest man to 
celebrate divine services every day for my soul, &c., for a whole 
year. 

To the said Joan my estate and all terms which I have to 
come in that mansion which I hold of the grant of the Master 
of the Hospital or House of St. Katherine near the Tower of 
London, within the close or site of the same Hospital. 

I will that John Faryngton, who is enfeofTed with me of all 
that tenement in Lymstrete of the demise of Richard Howse- 
wyfe and Matilda, his wife, formerly the wife of Ro'icit de 
Writele, do make an estate thereof to Joan, rny wife, her heirs 
and assigns, for ever. 



150 $onur$rt Mills. 



Item, I will that the same John Faryngton, who is feoffee to 
my use, with John Salle, rector of the church of the Blessed 
Mary of Fanchirche, London, Henry Heyryk, rector of the 
church of St. Mary Magdalen of Bermondeseye, and William 
Kelshull, now deceased, of all lands and tenements &c., in the 
parishes of St. John of Walbroke, St. Dunstan in the East, and 
the Blessed Mary of Fanchirche, London, which the said John 
Faryngton with the others lately had, for ever, of the gift and 
grant of Philip Burton and Joan, his wife, daughter of Isabella, 
daughter of Reginald, concerning the conduct of my estate, after 
my decease shall enfeoff the said Joan, my wife, of all the said 
lands, &c., to hold to her, her heirs and assigns, for ever. 

Item, I will that Abel Lavermer, who is enfeoffed with me 
and has an estate together with Robert Thrysk, clerk, John 
Cornewaleys, and Reginald Andrewe, now deceased, of and in 
all that tenement with the shops, &c., in Lymstrete, which I 
and the said Abell, together with the others, had to us, our heirs 
and assigns, of the feoffment of Robert de Teye, esquire, and 
William Hanyngfeld, after my decease shall make an estate 
therein to Joan, my wife, her heirs and assigns, for ever. 

Item, I will that those who are enfeoffed of all those lands, 
&c., which I lately had of the gift and grant of John Chynner 
and Matilda, his wife, my mother, in Oldesook, Modeford Terry 
in the Hundred of Stone, and Yevele, and elsewhere in the 
county of Somerset, immediately after my decease shall make 
the same estate thereof to Joan, my wife, her heirs and assigns, 
for ever. 

Item, I will that those who have an estate with me and are 
feoffees of all my lands, &c., in Chynnor and elsewhere in the 
county of Oxford shall make an estate thereof (as above). 

Item, lands in Selston, Baggethorp, and elsewhere in the 
county of Notts to Joan, my wife. 

To Master Adam Moleyns, clerk of the King's Council, the 
reversion of tenements in the parish of the Blessed Mary 
Attehill, London. 

Residue to Joan, my wife. 

Proved 1st March in the year abovesaid. Administration to 
Joan, &c. 



1443. THOMAS CHEDDER, ESQ. 

[15 Rous. FO. 119.] 

The last day of May, A.D. 1443. I, Thomas Chedder, 
esquire, bequeath, &c., and my body to holy burial in the 
parish church of Chedder, in the chancel, before the image of 
St. Andrew the Apostle. 

To the parish church there 40^. 

To the fabric of the cathedral church of Wells 2Os. 

95 marks 6s. &d. to the priests, poor clerks, my servants, and 
for my burial, viz. priests 20 marks, poor clerks 20 marks, 
servants and my burial 56 marks. 

To Joan, my daughter, one best silver cup with its cover. 

To Isabella, my daughter, a silver cup with a cover, having 
on the top of the cover a flower called " Columbein." 

To Isabella, my wife, John Forscu, knight, John Gyfford, 
and Leonard Tylly, all my burgages, lands, rents, and services 
in Bristol and the suburb, and in Taunton and Axbrugge, to 
have and to hold to them and their heirs for ever, so that 
they make estate to Joan, my daughter, and her heirs to the 
true value of 1 10 marks by the year. Of the residue they shall 
make estate to the said Joan and Isabella, her sister, and to 
their heirs for ever. 

To John Newton, my daughter Isabella's husband, a gown 
" penulatam cum Martryn de Murrey " colour. 1 

To Sir John Twyte, rector of Yedeslygh, 5 marks. 

To Thomas Mayr 5 marks. 

To Thomas Michildeuer 5 marks. 

The residue to Isabella, my wife. 

I appoint the said Isabella, John Twyte, and Thomas Mayr 
my executors. 

Proved by Master William Fulforde, Bachelor of Laws, on 
the penultimate day of June in the year abovesaid. 

[Prebendary Coleman has kindly sent me the following particulars 
relating to the testator : 

" Thomas Chedder, esquire, was the fourth son of Robert de Cheddre 
and Joan his wife, and was born about 1382. Joan was a widow in 1384 and 

1 A gown furred with martin-fur of murrey colour. 



Wiill*. 



soon afterwards became the wife of Sir Thomas Broke. His wife was a 
Devon lady, Isabel!, daughter of Robert Scobahull. By her he had issue two 
daughters Isabella, who married Sir John Newton of Court de Wyck in 
Yatton, and Joan, who married first Richard Stafford and secondly Sir John 
de Lisle, son of the Earl of Shrewsbury. His inquisition post mortem is dated 
21 Hen. VI, No. 55. He died June 3, 1443, leaving his two daughters 
heiresses of his vast estate. 

" There is a stately monument with brass of his effigy on the north side of 
the sacrarium of Cheddar Church in excellent preservation, and on the 
ground beneath is a slab with a brass effigy of Isabella. 

"The former brass has been engraved in the Clifton Antiq. Club 
Proceedings^ I, 39. In the fragments of stained glass of 1 5th century, in 
the window of the Chapel of Cheddar Fitzwalter in Cheddar Church 
appear the arms of Thomas and Isabella."] 



1443. JOHN FOREST. 

[30 LUFFENAM. FO. 238.] 

In the name of God, amen. I, John Forest, Dean of the 
cathedral church of Wells, on the i/th of June, 1443, make my 
will in this manner : 

First, 1 give my soul to God and the undivided Trinity, 
to the most glorious Mother of God, the Virgin Mary, to 
St. Andrew the Apostle and all the heavenly court (Curie celesti}, 
and the burial of my body before the great door (summo hostio] 
in the church aforesaid, inside the church. 

Item, I will that all my debts of whatsoever kind be paid. 

Item, I will that my funeral expenses shall be made in all 
things without worldly pomp (tnnndiali pompa\ at the discretion 
of my executors, 20/2'. 

Item, I will that to each poor person coming for alms on the 
day of my burial 4^. there shall be distributed at the discretion 
of my executors, i6/ 13^. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to each canon and vicar present at my 
obsequies (exequijs)> and at the Placebo and Dirige and mass 
until they be fully performed (plene perficiantur) on the day of 
my burial, $s. ^d. 



Item, to each chorister and tabularist (tabulario 1 ), present at 
the said obsequies, \2d. 

Item, to the same canons and vicars present at my obsequies 
on the day of my trentale (die trigentalis mee) in like manner, to 
wit, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to each chorister and tabularist (tabulario) present at 
the said obsequies, \2d. 

Item, I bequeath to each chaplain of the College in the 
church of Wells, 2s. 

Item, to the vicar of St Cuthbert, 3^. ^d. 
Item, to each chaplain of the said church, \2d, 
Item, 1 bequeath to the venerable Father, my most special 
prince and lord Henry Beauford, Cardinal of England and 
Bishop of Winchester, to buy one jewel (jocale) for himself, 40/2'. 

Item, I bequeath to my kinsman (cognato) Master Thomas 
Forest, 13/2. 6s. 8d. and six "goblettes" of plain (piano) work of 
Paris ; also a blue (blodium) bed (lectum) of Worsted with all its 
apparel. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Wansford io/, and a silver 
and gilt cup (ciphum) in the manner of a bell (ad modum 
Campane) with a stag on the cover, weighing 2 Ib. 6-J oz. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Hende 13/2. 6s. 8d. and six 
silver " goblettes " of Paris work, and a silver cup (ciphmn) in 
the form of a rose ; also one bed (lectum) of red, white and 
green of Worsted with all its apparel. 

Item, I bequeath to Humphrey Brocas, 10/2. ; a silver cup in 
the form of a rose, and a green bed " de Meremayndeyns" with 
all its apparel. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Gyfford, 40^. 

Item, to William de But fi , loor. 

To Robert Rowland, 2os. 

Item, to John de Pistrina, 40^. 

To Richard de Stabulo, 40$. 

To Thomas de But fi , 66s. Sd. 

To John de Coquina, 



1 Tabulse were tables (sometimes made of thin wax spread over board) in which 
those who were responsible for the various services, as well as the way in which they 
were to be carried out, were entered from week to week. See Vefus Kegtstrum 
Svrisberiense, Rolls Series, 1883, vol. i, p. xxx. 

X 



154 



OTtlfe. 



To Geoffrey Manny ng, 40^. 

To Thomas Coppirstone, 40^. 

To John Grene, 40^. 

To Geoffrey Holme, 

To Humphrey Alton, 

To William Hogges, 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to four poor people in my almshouse 
(domo elemosinaria) at Banbury next the churchyard of the 
church there, to be disposed and conserved according to the 
ordination of my executors for 20 years, to wit, every week to 
each of them 4</., 66H. i$s. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to the poor of the deanery of St. Andrew 
of Wells, 46^.8^. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wells, 
66s. Sd 

Item, to the abbess of St. Mary Winchester, 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Middleton in the county 
of Oxford, to buy a pair of vestments for the said church, 
66s. Sd 

Item, to the church of Horton in the county of Bokyngham, 
for like cause, 66s. 8^. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Whetamstede in the 
county of Herford, for like cause, loos. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Gardiner, 2Os. 

To sir John Clyffe, 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath for my obit to be held in the cathedral 
church when I shall have left this light (cum ab hac luce 
abstractus fuerd] for 20 years following, 40/2'., to wit, for every 
year 40^. to be conserved and safeguarded (salvo custodiendas] 
at the disposition of my executors. 

Item, I bequeath to John Fraunceys, 40*. 

Item, to each of my executors. 6li. i$s. ^d. 

~Ttie residue of my goods I give to my executors, to dispose 
and ordbln for my soul as they will answer before the supreme 
(summo) Ju^e on the day of the last Judgment (Examinis}. 
And I will tv at my executors shall receive nothing of the 
legacies assignee <- o them above and below, except on condition 
that they undergo (cufoant) the burden of the administration 
of this will. 



William ttafefyam. 155 



Item, I will that my executors shall ordain (ordinenf) five 
tapers (cereos] of ten Ibs. of wax and twelve torches (tortices) to 
burn about my body at the time of my obsequies, on the day of 
my death (pbitus) and the trentale day (die trigentalt). 

Item, I bequeath to Master John Beke, 1 Rector (custodi) 
of my college at Oxford, 2Os. ; and to every fellow of the same 
college, 13.$-. ^d. 

Item, I will that my executors shall cause 1,000 masses 
to be celebrated for my soul on the day of my death (pbitus] and 
in the weeks immediately following. 

And I appoint as my executors Master Thomas Forest, 
my kinsman, rector of Stonham, John Wansford and Thomas 
Hende. 

[No Probate act ; a marginal note says : ] " 5th April 
[administration was] granted to Master Thomas Forest only." 
\Dates in Dean Forest's life : 

1394, April 9. Prebendary of Sexaginta Solidorum, Line. 
1395-6, February 25. Prebendary of St. Bptolph's, Line. 
1401, .Prebendary of Banbury, Line. 

1414, August 13. Archdeacon of Surrey. 

1415, November 30. Prebendary of Pipa Minor, Lichfield. 

1416, November 17. Prebendary of Dunham, Southwell. 
1419, . Prebendary of Dunnington, York. 
1425, November 19. Dean of Wells. 

1446, March 25. Obiit and was buried in the Cathedral. 

(Le Neve's Fasti}.] 



1444. WILLIAM BALSHAM. 

[29 LUFFENAM. FO. 231.] 

A.D. 1444, ist May. I, William Balsham, the elder, of 
Yevilchester, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the convent of the 
Friars Preachers at Yevilchester, if I happen to die there; 
otherwise where God shall dispose for me to be buried. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of St. Andrew 
of Wells, 6s. 8d. or the value (vel valorem}. 

1 John Beke was Rector of Lincoln College, Oxford, in 1435 (Oxford Ten-Year 
Book complete to end of 1870). 



156 &mtwr&t OTtlte 



Item, to the nuns of Bokeland in co. Somerset, 6s. 8d. or the 
value, and beyond (ultra) to each sister there 6d., to pray 
and say for my soul the psalter (psalteriuni) of the blessed 
Virgin Mary. 

Item, 1 bequeath to the fabric of the church of St. John the 
Baptist at Yevilchestre, $s. ^.d. or value. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of the Blessed Mary the 
less at Yevilchestre, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of the Blessed Mary the 
greater (Major^} at -Yevilchestre, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to the house of the Friars Preachers of Yevilchestre, 
13^.4^. 

Item, to each friar priest (fratri sacerdott) of the said 
convent, I2<^., and to each friar not a priest, 6d., to pray, and 
each priest to say one psalter (unum psalteriutri) for my soul and 
for those for whom I am bound (teneor). 

Item, I bequeath and give my tenement in Yevilchestre, 
which Thomas Seymor, " boucher," formerly held, to Alice, my 
wife, and likewise I give and bequeath my waste place (vacuam 
placeani) next the Shirehall, which John Jew now holds, to the 
said Alice ; and after her decease if it shall please her (si sibi 
placuerif] they shall be sold and the money thereof coming shall 
be distributed for our souls and for those for whom we are 
bound. 

The residue of my goods after my debts are paid I bequeath 
to Alice, my wife, to ordain and dispose as she shall please, and 
I make her my sole executrix. 

Written with my own hand in witness of the premises. 

Proved 1 6th January in the year abovesaid, and administra- 
cion granted to the executrix named. 



1444. JOHN LYDFORD. 

[29 LUFFENAM.] 

Will of John Lydford. Proved 6th November, A.D. 1444. 
[The registered copy of this Will is illegible and no filed 
Will exists.] 

[Testator is described in the official calendar as of " Wyncaulton, 
Somerset."] 



OTtHtam . I57 



1447. WILLIAM STEVENES. 

[34 LUFFENAM. FO. 272.] 

Tuesday next before the Feast of the Apostles Peter and 
Paul, A.D. 1447, I, William Stevenes, precentor of the Cathedral 
Church of Welles, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church aforesaid, 
before the altar of St. Stephen. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church, 40^. 

Item, to the fabric of Pyltone, 2os. 

To the fabric of the chapel of Wottone, 1 3 s. ^.d. 

To the fabric of Wrexall, 2Os. 

Item, to the fabric of the chapel of Naylsi, 13^. <\d. 

To the fabric of Borton Cappelle, 1 3 s. ^.d. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of St. Decuman, 2os. 

To the fabric of the chapel of Wellyngtone, 13^. ^d. 

Item, to the convent of Glaston, to have obsequies (pbsequias} 
and mass there, 40^. 

Item, to every canon and the vicar of the church of Wells 
being (essenrf) at the obsequies (exequias) and masses on the day 
of my burial, 2s. ^d. 

Item, to the Prior and Convent of the Hospital of St. John 
the Baptist of Wells, 13^. 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to each poor person in the house of the 
Hospital of St. Cuthbert, 4^. 

Item, to each priest (presbitero) of the college of Wells, \2d. 

Item, to each priest (presbitero} of St. Cuthbert, to pray for 
my soul, 6d. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Schepton- 
malet, to pray for my soul, 40^. 

Item, to the vicars of the close (clause) of Wells, to have 
one mass " cotidie de sancto Stephana " at the aforesaid altar of 
St. Stephen for the space of one year, 53^. ^d. 

Item, to the annuellars (annelarijs) of the College of Wells, 
to have one mass of St. Mary for the space of one year, 53^. 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to the Prior [and] Convent of the Hospital 
of St. John of Brigwater, 40^. 



158 



Item, to the Friars Minors of the aforesaid town, to pray for 
my soul, 2os. 

Item, to the Abbot and convent of Clyffe, 40*. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Kyngestone, 
to pray for my soul, and for the souls of my father and 
mother, 40^. 

Item, to the Friars Preachers of Elchestre, to pray for my 
soul, 2os. 

Item to the prisoners (captivis) kept (tentis) in the King's 
Gaol of Elchestre, for the sustenance of the same, to pray 
for my soul, 2os. 

To the four orders of Friars in Bristol, 4/2. 

Item, I bequeath, to have 1,000 masses within a month after 
my death, loos. 

Item, I bequeath to be distributed to the poor on the day 
of my burial and the day of my trental, to pray for my 
soul, 20/2. 

Item, to Master William Cleve, 10 marks and my best gilt 
bowl (crateram). 

Item, to Master John Petertone, 10 marks and my second 
gilt bowl. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar of Westbury loos, and my 
third gilt bowl. 

Item, to each of the three, one hood (capicium) and one 
gown (togani) of the best. 

Item, I bequeath to my sister 20/2. and two covered bowls 
(crateras coopertas) of white (albi) of the best, and one long 
gown (togani) of " skarlet " with a hood lined (duplicatam) with 
M Tarteryn." 

Item, to my brother, 10 marks and one bowl of "parys" 
without a cover. 

Item, to each son of my sister, 40^. 

Item, to each son of my brother, 2Os. 

To Joan, my brother's daughter, if she will be well governed 
at the discretion of my executors, loli. and one covered bowl of 
silver called " rostope." 

Item, I bequeath to Peter Shetforde loos., with one gilt 
covered bowl not heretofore bequeathed, and one gown of the 
best not bequeathed. 



Item, to William Bannam (Bannc?) IOO.T. and my second 
breviary (portiforiuni). 

Item, one gown not heretofore bequeathed I bequeath to 
John Stonor, 10 marks, and a "stondyng" covered bowl of the 
best not bequeathed. Also one gown with a hood of the best 
not bequeathed, and one bed suitable (competenti) (sic) for him, 
at the discretion of my executors 

Item, to Robert Molens, 40^. and one horse (ecu?) at the 
discretion of my executors. 

Item, I bequeath to William Waddam, 2Os. 

To John Pochet, 5 marks and his covered bowl, and a bed 
suitable for him. 

To Richard Hulle, 40*. 

To John Hille, 26s. Sd. 

To John More, 26s. 8d. 

To Davy of the stable (destabuH)^ 2os., one saddle with a bit. 

To Thomas Dolman, 26s. 8d. 

To Richard Hakyer, if he is well governed at the schools at 
Oxford, locxy. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed, I give and 
bequeath to Master William Cleve, Master John [Petertone], 
and William Smythe, vicar of Westbury, my executors to 
dispose for my soul. 

Proved 3ist July in the year abovesaid, before Master 
Alexander Prowet, commissary, and administration committed 
to Master John Petertone and 'Sir William Smythe, with power 
reserved, &c. ; and on the nth of October, A.D. 1451, before 
Master Zanobius Mulakyn, Doctor of Decrees, commissary, &c., 
the said Master William Cleve renounced the burden of 
administration. 



1447. RALPH MANSTON. 

[35 LUFFENAM. FO. 274.] 

4th July, A.D. 1447. I, Ralph Manston [of the diocese] 
of Bath and Wells, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my soul to God Almighty and to the Blessed, 
Glorious Virgin Mary ; and my body to holy burial. 



i6o 



&onunlet TOltS. 



Item, I bequeath to the church of Wells, I2d. 

Item, to the church of Yeuele, 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to the poor dwelling in the almshouse (in 
(Joino Elimozinar) one quarter of wheat. 

Item, to the vicar of Yeuele, for my tithes negligently 
forgotten, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to every priest (sacerdoti) of the said parish coming to 
my obsequies (pbsequias) and mass, 8^/. 

Item, I bequeath to John, son of John Welfare, my servant 
(servienti), 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath two parts of the wood of the great vine- 
yard {focalium magne vinee) to the poor of the parish of 
Yeuyl [for firewood]. 

And whatsoever shall be the residue of my goods not before 
bequeathed, together with my debts, I give and bequeath to 
Joan my wife, that she may dispose for my soul as she shall 
render an account thereof on peril (sub periculo) of her soul ; and 
I ordain her executrix of this my will. 

Proved I2th August in the year abovesaid before Master 
Alexander Prowet, commissary, and administration committed 
to the executrix, with power reserved, &c. (sic). 



1448. THOMAS FRANCKELEYN. 

[13 RODS. FO. 99.] 

2 ist November, A.D. 1448. I, Thomas Franckeleyn, of Eston, 
in the parish of St. Cuthbert [Wells], diocese of Bath and Wells. 

My body to be buried in the churchyard of the parish church 
of St. Cuthbert aforesaid. 

To the sustentation of the goods of the same church, \2d. 

To John, my son, a brass pot. 

To Alice, my daughter, a small pitcher (urciolum). 

To Alice, my wife, all my lands, &c, in the town of Bristol 
or the county of the same for 12 years. 

To the said Alice after the lapse of 12 years, during her life, 
a yearly rent of 26s. 8d. 



Waring!). 161 



After the lapse of the said 12 years the said lands shall 
remain to John, my son, and his i. c sue, in default to remain to 
Alice, my daughter, and her issue, in default to remain to Alice 
Bays alias Bathe, my sister, and her issue, in default to remain 
to Walter Smyth, son of John Smyth, of Westbury, and to his 
issue, in default to remain to the right heirs of me, Thomas 
Franckeleyn. 

The residue I bequeath to Alice, my wife, whom I appoint 
executrix, and John Bultyng supervisor. 

Proved nth February in the year abovesaid by Alice, the 
executrix, &c. 



1448. HENRY WARLEIGH. 

[13 Rous. FO. 99.] 

I Oth December, A.D. 1448. Henry Warleigh, of Keynesham, 
diocese of Bath and Wells, made his nuncupative will in this 
manner : 

His body to be buried in the conventual church of the 
monastery of the Blessed Mary of Keynesham. 

Item, he bequeathed to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
St. Andrew, Wells, 2Qd. 

To be expended on the day of his obit in bread, drink and 
victuals, and other funeral necessaries, 2O//. 

To each canon regular of Keynesham, 3^. 4^. 

To the prior of the monastery of Bath, 6s. 8d. 

To each monk there, $s. 4^. 

To Margaret, his wife, 20/2., together with the goods which 
the said Margaret had, or the value of the same, at the time of 
her marriage. 

To his six godchildren (sex filiolis suis] to each of 
them 2Qd. 

To Alice, his sister, 6s. &/. 

To Katherine, his sister, 40^. 

To John Kydell and Cristiana, his wife, 13^. 4^. 

To Edith Wauerer and Christopher Golston, 6s. Sd 

To John Warlegh, his cousin (cognate suo\ 2os. 



162 



6mntr*et 



of 



To Andrew Arthur, chaplain, of Keynesham, 6s. Sd. 

For a suit of vestments to serve in the said church 
Keynesham, 20/2. 

Residue to his executors, viz., Sir Richard Whitewade, 
perpetual vicar of the parish church of St. John the Baptist of 
Keynesham, and Philip Hersowe, " brewer," to dispose for the 
health of his soul. 

Proved 6th February, A.I). 1448. Administration to 
Hersowe. 



Philip 



1448. JOHN EICARD. 

[13 Rous. FO. 98.] 

I, John Ricard, rector of the church of Westlydford, co. 
Somerset, I4t.h December, A.D. 1448. 

My body to be buried in the church of St. Katherine the 
Virgin and Martyr next the Tower of London. 

To the church of St. Katherine a vestment " cum toto 
apparatu" a missal, a silver chalice, a "corporate" and a 
" gradale " with a processional. 

To the said church my silver goblet (crateram). 

To the sisters of the same place certain sheets and coverlets 
(lodices). 

To the fabric of the church of Westlydford all my corn in 
my house there in sheaves. 

To the church of Newbery where my father and mother are 
buried a missal which I bought of John Gould. 

To John Fyssher my best goblet (crateraui) of silver and the 
cover, so that he receive the administration of my goods. 

To Walter Pareys, 6s. Sd. 

To Sir John Gould to pray for my soul, 6s. Sd. 

To William Berye, my servant, my best horse. 

To John Gregory, my servant, my second horse with a saddle 
and bridle (freno). 

John Fyssher, Walter Pareys, John Lyrbeke, and William 
Knyght, the elder, executors. Dated at London. 

Witnesses, Sir John Germen, Sir John Gould, and William 
Berye. 



Proved ;th January, A.D. 1448. Administration to Walter 
Pareys, the executor named. 

[Testator was instituted to the rectory of West Lydford January i?th 
1430-1 (S. /., 133).] 



1449. ROBERT COLE. 

[13 Rous. FO. 103.] 

Thursday next before the feast [May I9th] of St. Dunstanthe 
Archbishop, A.D. 1449. I, Robert Cole, of Bishops Hulle, &c. 

My body to be buried in the churchyard of the Apostles 
Peter and Paul of the priory of Taunton. 

To Sir Geoffrey, chaplain of Hulle, 2s. 6d. to celebrate for 
my soul and the soul of Agnes, my wife. 

To the said Sir Geoffrey, 6d. for tithes forgotten. 

To the fabric of the church of Wells, 6d. 

To Richard, my son, 20s., an embroidered hood (capudum) 
and a black sheep. 

To Alice, my daughter, 6 marks, if she live till the time of 
discretion, and that she be married and governed by the advice 
of Walter Hillary and Joan, his wife. 

If it happen that they die before the time of discretion the 
said 20s. and 6 marks to be disposed of by my executors for the 
health of my soul and the soul of Agnes, my wife, and the souls 
of my sons and all the faithful deceased. 

The residue to Walter Hillary and Joan, his wife, for the 
health of my soul. 

Proved 6th June in the year aforesaid. Administration to 
Walter Hillary. 



1449. JOHN BROWNE. 

[13 Rous. FO. 103.] 

26th May, A.D. 1449, administration of all the goods of John 
Browne, of Wulwade, 1 co. Somerset, " clopmaker," committed to 
Henry Bray, of London, draper, Thomas Makerell, of Shipton 
Malet, and Richard Harcley, of the same. 

1 Probably Woollard, a hamlet partly in Compton Dando and partly in Publow. 



164 Stamtrltt TOtllsi. 



1449. JOHN TKETHEK. 

[18 Rous. FO. 141.] 

24th October, A.D. 1449, administration of all the goods of 
John Trethek, of the diocese of Bath and Wells, intestate, because 
the executors named in his will refused the burden of adminis- 
tration, was committed to Master William Fulford, canon of 
Wells, and John Lewys, " literatus," of the said diocese, in the 
person of Master Richard Layty, his proctor in that behalf, and 
by the said John Lewys personally. 



1452. THOMAS KYNGESMAN. 

[18 Rous. FO. 137.] 

I, Thomas Kyngesman of Yevill, 4th August, A.D. 1452. 

My body to be buried in the churchyard of the church of 
St. John the Baptist of Yevill. 

Item, to the cathedral church of Wells 2od. 

To the parish church of Yevill $s. 4^. 

To the parish church of Peterton 1 where I was born 6s. 8d. 

All garments belonging to my body to my brothers and 
their sons. 

Item, to the way of Modeford for amending the same, 6s. %d. 

To the poor of the Alms-house of Yevill, 6d. to be given 
every week for one year after my decease. 

I give to Alice, my wife, my burgage or messuage in Grope- 
lane for her life, after her decease to the vicar and wardens of 
the goods of the said parish church of Yevill, for ever, to 
celebrate yearly a common anniversary, in the first week of Lent, 
for my soul and the souls of my parents, friends, and all my 
benefactors. 

The residue I give to Alice, my wife, to dispose for my soul, 
&c., and I make the said Alice my executrix, and I make Master 
Thomas Bartelet, vicar of Yevill, supervisor. 

Proved i6th September A.D. abovesaid. Administration to 
the said Alice. 

] South Petherton is probably meant. 



Sturgeon. 165 



1454. NICHOLAS STURGEON. 

[10 ROUS. FO. 76.] 

In the blessyd name of the Holy Trinite the Fader the sone 
the holy gost three persones in oon substaunce, the last day of 
the Moneth of May M^cccliiij. I Nicholas Sturgeon preest 
most unworthy to haue that wurshipful name and office make 
my testament in this wise. 

In the first y bequeth my sowle to the grate mercy of al 
myghty God my wretchid body to the erthe sanctified and 
halowed to be buryed in the Chapell of our blessyd lady and 
seynt Nicholas now of new edefied atte Northdore of the 
Cathedral cherche of seynt Pawle of London. 

To the maykyng of the Steple of the paryssh cherche of 
seynt Awstyns in London nexte Fowles chirche yerd xlr. 

To the parisch cherch of Henstrygge a chalyce of the price 
of \xvjs. viij< 

To the parissh cherche of seynt Andrewe in Aysperton 1 a 
vestement of blak for prest deacon and subdecon of the prys 
of x/z~ 

To the Monasteryes of Cristchirch of Caunterbury of seynt 
Awstyn in the same town and of seynt Albones xx d myle from 
London \xs. to euery hows xx in remembrance of my Fraternite. 

To my cosyn Johan Frowyk my bed of grene sylke with the 
testo r and Canope therto palid tartryn white and rede and the 
gilde pece with smale stones set ther on. 

To my suster Beatrice my syluer pottes and the beter cuppe 
of the grypes eye. 2 

To my cosyn Margrete Shipton that other gripes eye and a 
bed of grene wurstede with the costers longyng ther to. 

To my brother John Sturgeon the hallyng with the ix wurthy 3 
and vj cuppes of Sylver stondyng on low fete w l the coueryng 
therto. 

And as tochyng my brother Richard y can not assigne no 
thyng of my good recompensible to his good brotherhode. 

1 I.e., Ashburton (St. Andrew), Devon. 
- See Note 4, Prompt. Parv., p. 212. 

3 Cf. Shakspere's Love's Labour's Lost, V, i, 124. " Sir, you shall present before 
her the Nine Worthies." See also 2 Hen. IV, II, iv, 236-9. 



166 6omer*et Wtlfe. 



Where for If ther be eny thyng that he wold desire y wull that 
he haue it. 

To my cosyn Richard Ryke a cuppe of syluer couered and 
for to fynde to gramer scole my cosyn his sone William xx marcs 
for the tyme of iiij yere. 

To my cosyn Margrete Dowrigge a stondyng pece of syluer 
couered. 

To John Anglesey my seruant x/f. &c. 

To Thomas Bishoptre xl 

To Thomas Gylbert xlf. 

To John Gardyner xxvj viij<, and a Riding gowne with 
the hode. 

To sir William Julyan xij marks for to syng for me with a 
special Colect 

Executors Richard Sturgeon, John Sturgeon thelder, Thomas 
Frowyk, son of Harry Frowyk, and Thomas Ryke. 

Proved 8th June in the year aforesaid. 

[Testator was once Rector of Avenyng, dio. of Worcester, in 1414 he 
became "custos" of the free chapel of Alveston-juxta-Weare, z>., Alston 
Sutton, and in 1416 Rector of Wraxall ; he resigned this benefice in 1433. 

(See Som. Incs., 303.) 

Prebendary Coleman has pointed out (Somerset and Dorset Notes and 
Queries, vi, 73) that all but one of the incumbents assigned to Allerton up 
to 1482 by Archdeacon Archer (Som. Incs., p. 6) should have been assigned 
to Alston Sutton. 

This will is printed in full in Fifty Earliest English Wills, E.E.T.S. 
No. 78, with notes by Dr. Furnivall.J 



1455. WILLIAM HOGGEKYNS. 

[3 STOKTON. FO. 23.] 

I, William Hoggekyns, citizen of the city of Bath, 2oth July, 
A.D. 1455, make my last will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chapel of St. 
Katherine in the church of the Blessed Mary de Stall of Bath 
aforesaid. 

I will that all and singular my debts in which I am lawfully 
bound shall be faithfully paid. 

And afterwards I bequeath to the procurators of the said 
church, and their successors for ever, all that my tenement 



wherein I have dwelt in the city aforesaid, and all my goods 
there for ever that they may have me specially prayed for 
(lit omnia bona meet ibidem pro perpetuo habeant r specialiter in 
Recommendacione). 

Item, I bequeath to the use of the chapel of St. Katherine 
there, 6os. 

Item, I will that I shall have a priest, a suitable and honest 
man, to celebrate in the said chapel for > years after my decease, 
for my soul and the souls for which I am lawfully bound. 

Item, I will that Joan, my wife, shall have, to her, her heirs 
and assigns for ever, all those lands and tenements I have in the 
town of Bristol and in the said city of Bath. 

Item, I release to John Wayte all the debt he owes me. 

Item, in like form I remit to John Bryann, sadler, all the debt 
he owes me. 

All the residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Joan, my wife, that she may dispose and do for my 
soul as she would wish that I should do for her in like case, and 
I constitute her my executrix. 

In witness whereof to this present I have affixed my seal. 

Proved I3th August, 1455, and administration committed to 
the executrix, in the person of Thomas Goosee, her proxy in this 
behalf. 



1455. JOAN AYSSHE. 

[6 STOKTON. FO. 41.] 

2Oth February, A.D. 1455. I, Joan Aysshe, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial within the church of 
Yeville, before the altar of the Holy Trinity next John Blakelere, 
my husband. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells 3* 4d. 

Item, to my parish church aforesaid, 2os. 

To the house of the Friars of Dorchester (Dorset^) i$s. fyt. 

Item, to the house of Friars of Ilchester, 13^. 4^. 



1 68 Aomerstet Wills 



Item, to the house of Friars Carmelites of Bristol, 13^. ^d. 

Item, to the poor of the almshouse (doinus eleinosinarie) in 
Yeville, for one whole year, to each person every week 6d. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to John 
Asshe, my husband, whom I constitute my executor. 

Proved in the year abovesaid (the day and month not stated), 
and administration committed to the executor named. 



1455. JOHN GILBERT, GENTLEMAN. 

[6 STOKTON. FO. 44.] 

loth March, A.D. 1455. I, John Gilbert the elder of Est- 
cammel, gentleman, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial in the chapel of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary of my parish church of Estcammel. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells \2d. 

Item, to Sir Robert Clerk, vicar of Estcammel aforesaid, 



Item, I bequeath and ordain 21/2. 6s. 8d. for a chaplain to 
celebrate for my soul for four years. 

Item, I will [after] my death (pbitum) within ten days one 
thousand masses shall be celebrated for my soul and the souls of 
my parents. 

Item, I will there shall be distributed to the poor in clothes 
woollen and linen, and in money, to the value of 100^. 

Item, I bequeath to each of the five lights (luminibus] in the 
church aforesaid I2d. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to Christian 
my wife ; and I make the said Christian, and William and John, 
my sons, executors of my will. 

These being witnesses : Sir Robert, the vicar aforesaid, and 
William Tanner, chaplain. 

Proved /th May, 1456, and administration committed to the 
son John abovesaid, with power reserved to commit administra- 
tion to the other executors when they shall come. 



3&o gtr ^ooltfmg. 169 



1456. MASTER JOHN BROWYN. 

[16 WATTYS. FO. 119.] 

1 8th November, A.D. 1456. I, Master John Browyn, rector 
of the parish churches of Hardington, co. Somerset, and 
Dieulo [Duloe], co. Cornwall, make my will in this manner : 

1 bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
Hardington aforesaid. 

I bequeath to Isabella, my sister, for her good labour, 
6/2. 1 3 s. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to William Lyffe, my servant, 40^. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed, I give and 
bequeath to Margaret Courtenay, wife of William Courtenay, 
knight, and Sir Hugh Lyffe, chaplain, to dispose for the good 
of my soul as shall seem best to them ; and I make them my 
executors. 

Proved I2th August, 1474, and administration com- 
mitted, &c. 



1456. ROGER GOOLDING. 

[16 STOKTON. FO. 130.] 

20th February, A.D. 1456. I, Roger Goodling (sic\ of the 
parish of St. Michael without the North gate of the city of Bath, 
in the presence of Sir William, parish chaplain of the church of 
St. Michael aforesaid, and of Hugh Gooldyng and many others, 
make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the Cathedral Church of Wells 4^. 

Item, to the work of my church, 3^. 4^. 

To the high altar, for tithes and offerings (oblacionibus) 
forgotten, 6s. %d. 

Item, to Roger Goolding, son of Hugh Gooldyng, one silk 
girdle (zonam sericam) barred with thirty silver bars (stipatam 



1 70 &onurl*t OTtlltf. 



cum stipis argenteis trigintd] with pearls and mordaunt 1 (cum 
perlusclis* et mordaculo\ six silver spoons, a furred gown (togam 
penulatam\ which fur (penala) is called " Oter" 

Item, to Thomas Byrkill, my son-in-law (filio meo legali) 
one furred gown (togam penulatam} with a mantle called 
" Irysshatre"* 

Item, to a suitable priest (sacerdoti) to celebrate all the 
divine services (servicia) for my soul in the said church, 
9 marks. 

Item, to each priest (sacerdoti} being at my obsequies 
(exequias) at vespers and at mass on the morrow following, ^d. 

Item, I release to my son, Hugh Goolding, all the debts he 
owes me. 

Item, I have delivered with my own hands to my executors 
twelve dozen of cloth (xij duodenorum pannoruni) to pay all the 
abovewritten, as well to the priest as the other legacies. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to Ellen my 
wife, and constitute her and Hugh Gooldyng, my son, my 
executors. 

Proved 5th April, 1457, and administration committed to 
the executors named, in the person of Thomas Goose, their 
proctor. 



1 The girdle of Riches in Chaucer's translation of the " Romaunt of the Rose " 
is thus described : 

" The Bokele of it was ston 

***** 

The mordaunt, wrought in noble gise, 
Was of a stone full precious, 
The barres were of gold full fine, 
Upon a tissue of sattine ; 



Full heavie, great and nothing light 
In everiche was a besaunt wight." 



Ducange gives perlula, diminutive from Perla, margarita. 
3 In 1436 "Irish wollen, lynyn cloth" is mentioned, and in 1547 "Irish fryce." 



1457. AMICE GREGORY. 

[9 STOKTON. FO. 66.] 

A.D. 1457, 7th April, Sunday. I, Amice Gregory, make my 
will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
Bruton. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells, 2od. 

Item, to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of Sarum, 2od. 

To the fabric of the parish church of Bruton, 3^. ^d. 

To Agnes, daughter of Richard Weston, one silver pot 
(ollam). 

To Eleanor, daughter of the said Richard, 10 marks of 
silver. 

To Thomas Palington, six silver spoons. 

Item, I bequeath to each priest (sacerdoti) serving in the 
said parish church present at my obsequies (exequias), ^d. 

Item, to the Prior and convent of Staverdelle, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to Amice, my servant (servienti), one brass pan 
(patellam) containing 6 gallons (lagenas) and one sheet 
(linthiamen). 

Item, to John Chamburleyne, one brass pot and one garment 1 
(flammeolam). 

Item, to John Weston, son of the said Richard Weston, one 
silver salt (solarium), one piece (peciam) of silver, one cup 
(cip/ium) called " Note," and a silver girdle (zonam). 

Item, to Sir John, parish chaplain of Bruton, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to George Mulward, my servant (servienti), one brass 
pot, one cover (coopertorium)> one sheet and $s. ^d. 

Item, I will that my executors shall pay to a suitable priest 
(sacerdoti) celebrating for my soul for one whole year, 8 marks 
of silver. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the parish church of 
Stalbrigge, 3^. 4^. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed I give to 

1 A garment usually of silk (Martin's Record Interpreter}. 



172 



Richard Weston and John Weston, my son, whom I make my 
executors. 

Proved 7th July, 1457, and administration committed to 
Richard Weston, with power reserved for committing administra- 
tion to the other executor when he shall come, and desire to 
take upon him the burden of such administration. 



1457. JOHN BEDILL. 

[10 STOKTON. FO. 72.] 

I, John Bedill, of the town of Portbury, in co. Somerset, 
" husbondrnan," on the 6th day of May, A.D. 1457, make my will 
in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church 
of the Blessed Mary of Portbury aforesaid, in the North part 
of the said church, before the altar of St. Anne there. 

Item, I bequeath to the said church to make a chalice 
(calicem) 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath one cow to sustain a lamp (lampadeni) in 
the said church. 

Item, to four lights (luminibus) burning in the said church 
before four altars, four bushels of barley (ordei). 

To my six godchildren, six bushels of barley. 

Item, to Joan Pille, one ox and one steer (boviculum). 

Item, to John Scalparte, one " sparked " steer (boviculum 
sparcatum) and all my pigs (porcos). 

Item, to Alice Hullok, one half part of a cow and of a calf. 

To Joan Hullok, the younger, one half part of a calf. 

To Joan Pille, six bushels of barley. 

Item, I bequeath to the works (operibus) of the Cathedral 
Church of St. Andrew of Wells, 3^. 4^. 

Item, to the parish church of Porteshed, 2Od. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to John 
Herne and Thomas Herne aforesaid' (sic) of Portbury aforesaid, 
and 1 make them my executors. 

1 They have not been previously mentioned. 



t ISaMjam. 



In witness whereof to this my will I have affixed my seal, 
these being witnesses : John Baker the elder, John Stanbrigge 
the elder, and John the younger, John Hill the elder, Walter 
Wareir?, Thomas King and John Hillary, and others. 

Proved 22nd August, 1457, and administration committed 
to the executors, in the person of John Hayne " literati? their 
proxy in this behalf. 

1457. ALICE BALSHAM. 

[9 STOKTON.] 

7th May, A.D. 1457. I, Alice Balsham of Yevilchester, co. 
Somerset, widow, make my will as follows : 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Friars Preachers in Yevilchester. 

Item, I bequeath to the high altar of St. Andrew, 4^. 

Item, to the Friars Preachers aforesaid for having my burial 
(sepultura) there a piece of cloth of gold called le palle. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of the Blessed Mary the 
Less in Yevilchester a pair of censers (censuraruui) and a ship 
of latten (navem de auricalco). 

Item, I bequeath to the church of the Blessed Mary the 
Greater, \2d. 

Item, to the church of St. John there, \2d. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give wholly 
to William Balsham otherwise called Selborne, my son, to 
dispose thereof at will as of his own goods, and to dispose 
thereof for my soul as he hopes to please God. Moreover I 
give and bequeath to ' the said William all my burgages, 
lands and tenements in the town and fields of Yevilchester 
and Northover, to have to the said William and the heirs of 
his body lawfully begotten. And if he happen to die without 
lawful issue, then I will that the said premises shall wholly 
remain to Thomas Chapman and his heirs for ever. 

And of this my will I make these executors, to wit, my said 
son William and John Balsham, clerk. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto affixed my seal. 

Proved 1st June, 1457, and administration granted to [name 
omitted] one of the executors named, with power reserved for 
the other. 



1 74 3?omrrsct 



1457. THOMAS HALLE. 

[10 STOKTON. FO. 79.] 

nth July, A.D. 1457. I, Thomas Halle, of Fresshford, make 
my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial in the church of 
St. Peter of Fresshfeld. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Wells I2d. 

Item, to the cathedral church of Sarum, \2d. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Fresshford, one chalice 
(calicem) of silver gilt (argenti deaurati), with paten (cum 
patena). 

Item, one pair of vestments of blue (blodio) damask 
(damasco). 

To the church of the Holy Trinity of Bradford, a silver cup 
(ciphum) with a cover (coopertorio). 

Item, to Nicholas, my son, one bowl of silver gilt (unam 
crateram argenti deaurati). 

Item, a silver cup (ciphum} " le Borders " gilt, with a cover 
(coopertorio} ; and one horn (cornti) with a " Bugil" harnessed 
(hamesiatd) with silver. 

Item, I bequeath to Agnes, my wife, one entire bed (lectum 
integrum) with one feather bed (cum uno lecto de plumis). 

Item, to Edith Caynell, my daughter, one silver bowl 
(crateram) with a cover (cooper tor id) > and twelve spoons ; also, 
one entire bed. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John, Rector of Fresshford, one 
poignard (baselardum) harnessed with silver (harnesiatum cum 
argento). 

Item, to Robert Kaynell, chaplain, one blue (blodiam) gown 
(togam) furred (penulatam), and one entire bed. 

Item, to Edward Kaynell, one gown (togam) embroidered 
(stragulatam) and furred (penulatam). 

Item, to William Kaynel one embroidered gown (togam 
stragulatiutt) " lunatam " anglice " lyned." 

Item, I bequeath to William Gaffard, one silver bowl 
(craterum). 



Utaljn Camtmll. 175 



Item, to John Danyel my servant (servienti) one gown of 
burnet (de burnetto), lined. 

Item, to William Mey, one blue gown lined. 

Item, to Agnes Norse, one silver bowl, two spoons and one 
black bed (lectum nigrum). 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to Nicholas 
Halle, my son, whom I ordain my executor. 

Proved at Lambeth 9th November, 1457, and administration 
committed to the executor. 



1457. JOHN CAMMELL. 

[24 STOKTON. FO. 186.] 

On the Feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, A.D. 1457, I, John 
Cammell, clerk, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial. 

I will that immediately after my death, or as soon as 
conveniently may be, my executors shall appoint (exhibeanf) a 
suitable chaplain to celebrate in the chapel of the Holy Trinity 
and of St. John the Baptist in Dychesyate for my soul, and the 
souls of William and Alice my parents, the souls of my brothers 
and sisters, and of Nicholas Frome, late Abbot of Glaston, 
and of John Frank, clerk, and of my other benefactors, con- 
tinuously for two years ; and another suitable chaplain to 
celebrate for the souls aforesaid in the chapel of the Blessed 
Mary of Budleghe for four years, receiving yearly 9 marks. 

Item, I bequeath 40^. to be distributed amongst the poor of 
the said town of Dychisyate. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Buddeleghe a 
certain set of vestments of red colour. 

Item, I will that 40^. shall be distributed among the poor on 
the day of my burial and trental, so that each of them have id. 
at least. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Monktone, 
i$s.4d 

To the fabric of the church of St. James of Hurtecote, $s. 4^. 

To the fabric of the church of Kyngewardestone, 3^. ^d. 



176 omtn*tt OTtltS. 



To the fabric of the church of Stoone, 3^. ^d. 

To the poor dwelling in the hospital of Glastonbury, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to Sir John Cutteryne, chaplain, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to William Fulbroke, chaplain, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to every priest (sacerdoti) present at my obsequies 
(exequias) and burial, I2d. to pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to John, son of William my brother, 10 
marks, one whole bed, one brass pot and one pan (patellam). 

Item, to Anne, sister of the said John, loos. 

Item, to Edith, John Cammell's wife of Buddelegh, 
10 marks. 

Item, to the Abbot and Convent of Glaston, loos. 

To Agnes, daughter of John Kittes, IDS. 

To Lucy, wife of John Seymour, 6s. 8d. 

To Joan, who was wife of William Porter, if she survive 
me, 2Os. 

To Joan, wife of John Kittes, 2os. 

Item, I will that $os. be forgiven to John Aisshe and Alice 
his wife of the debt they owe me. 

Item, I bequeath to each of my godchildren, I2d. 

Item, to John Lottesham, my kinsman (consanguined] 4.0$. 

Item, to William Kene my clerk, 2Os. 

Item, to Richard Wodeward, one of my clerks, 40^. 

To Joan, daughter of John Cammell of Buddeleghe, 10 marks 
and a piece of silver gilt outside (ad extra deauratam) with a 
cover. 

Item, to the Prior and Convent of Bustelesham, 5 marks. 

Item, to the Prior and Convent of Stavverdale, 40^. 

Item, to Master John Hobbes, vicar of Buddeleghe, one 
breviary (portiforiwri). 

To Joan, daughter of Robert Cammell, 40^. 

Item, to Edith, late wife of John Scott, 3^. 4^. 

Item, to John Pride, my servant (famulo) 6s. 8d. 

Item, to William Cubball, 3^. 4^. 

To Thomas Hooper $s. ^d. 

To John Gosmere 6s. 8d. 

To Thomas Pryde, my servant (servienti) \^s. ^d. 

To Henry Boys, late my servant (famulo} ^s. ^d. 

And to execute this my will I appoint John Cammell of 



&emt SJcrtjn. 177 



Buddeleghe, John Porter, Thomas Mark, John Lottesham and 
John Kyttes my executors, and to each of them undertaking 
the burden of this will I give and bequeath for his labour 
5 marks. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed, after my debts are 
paid, I give to the said John Cammell of Buddeleghe and 
Thomas Marke, to dispose for the health of my soul in the best 
manner they shall know. 

In witness whereof to these presents I have affixed my 
seal. 

Proved 25th July, A.D. 1458, and administration committed 
to John Cammell and Thomas Mark, executors, &c., with power 
reserved to commit administration, &c. 

[1435, April 13. John Cammel instituted rector of Ditcheat. Patron : 
Glastonbury Abbey. Som. Incs.^ p. 79.] 



1457. EDWARD SEINT JOHN. 

[12 STOKTON. FO. 93.] 

20th October, A.D. 1457. I, Edward Seint John, lord of 
Luccumbre, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chancel of the 
parish church of Luccombre. 

I bequeath to the repair of the great bell (campane) broken 
(fracte) in the church aforesaid 40^. 

Item, to the construction of the new belfry (campanilis) in 
the church of Lapford, 40s. 

Item, to the repair of the belfry broken in the church of 
Seleworthi, 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to Agnes Basse, my servant (servienti] 
one house at Stotleghe Luccombre, by me newly repaired, with 
the garden to the same adjacent, and a pension of 10/2. for her 
life to be received from the fruits and rents of the same manor 
of Storleghe Luccombre. 

Item, I bequeath to the said Agnes eight oxen and one 
waggon. 

Item, to Ellen, my servant (servienti), one cow. 

2 A 



1 78 domtrftt 



The residue of my goods I give and bequeath to William 
my son and heir, and constitute him my executor (sic), and 
Sir John Andrewe, rector of the church of Seleworthi, Richard 
Wike, and the aforesaid Agnes Basse. 

Given under my seal. 

Proved before the abbot of Clive, in a certain chapel of the 
Blessed Mary of Clive, diocese of Bath and Wells, 22nd Decem- 
ber, 1457, and administration committed to William, the son 
and executor named. 



1457. EDITH GASKYN. 

[n STOKTON. FO. 87.] 

ist December, A.D. 1457. I, Edith Gaskyn, widow, make my 
will as follows : 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of 
St. Cuthbert of Wells, 3* 4^. (sic). 

Item, I bequeath to the said church six of the best sheep 
(pves) that I have. 

Item, to the altar of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the said 
church, one gold ring and six second-best (secundas meliores) 
sheep (pves). 

Item, to a priest (fresbitero) to celebrate there for a year for 
my soul and the souls of all my friends, 9 marks. 

Item, I bequeath to Master John Stokes, vicar of the said 
church, for tithes forgotten, 2od. 

Item, to Sir Robert Ward, parish chaplain of the said church, 
one basin with a ewer (pelviw cum lavacro\ one " pelowe," two 
blankets (lodices\ one pair of sheets, two silver spoons and one 
" gowneclothe " of " vyolet," 

Item, to three holywater clerks (aquibaiulis) serving in the 
said church, three sheep. 

Item, to Sir Henry Hayne, one small cup covered and gilt, 
with that intent, that he be one of the executors of this my 
will. 

Item to Isabella Thomas, of Newe [street] aforesaid (sic\ 
one gown (togam) of " violet " furred (penulatam). 



lEtJttl) &a*fej)n. 179 



Item, to Agnes Basset, one gown of blood colour (sariguinei 
colons) " grayned " and lined (duplicatain). 

Item, to John Baker one gown (togam) of blue furred with 
black fur. 

Item, to the parish church of Puteltown, 6s. 8d. 

To the fraternity of St. Mary Magdalene there, 3^. ^d. 

To the parish church of Osmincton, 3^. 4^. 

To the parish church of Stepehill, 3^. ^d. 

To the image of St. Mary of Swell, one gold ring with a stone 
(cum lapide). 

Item, to John Gerard, my son, my best cup, one silver salt 
(solarium)^ twelve spoons, and one gold ring with a stone called 
a " Diamunde." 

Item, to Joan, daughter of the said John, one girdle (zonarri) 
and one " Owche " of gold. 

To Elizabeth, daughter of the said John, a girdle and an 
" Owche." 

To Edith, wife of the said John, one girdle and one gown of 
" Cremesynne " furred (penulatant). 

Item, to Robert Gerard, my son, one cup, twelve spoons, one 
feather-bed (lectum plumale) with one " bolster," two " pilowes," 
two blankets (lodices), two pairs of sheets, one " Quylt," and a 
red cover (coopertoriuni) of " Say." 

And if it happen that the said Robert is dead, I bequeath 
the same to Thomas, son of the said John Gerard. 

Item, I bequeath to John Kaynelle, one covered bowl 
(craterem coopertum) with " la printe " in the bottom (in fundo) 
thereof, and one " knoppe " upon the cover thereof, gilt. 

Item, I bequeath to my principal house (principali dorno 
mee) of Chesilborowford, for the store (stauro) there, one great 
brass pot and one " Cauderyn." 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to my son 
John Gerard and to Henry Hayne, whom I make my 
executors. 

Proved 2$th February, 1457, by John Gerard, to whom 
administration was committed, with power reserved to commit 
administration, &c. 



i8o 



iiltlls. 



1458. SIR THOMAS TREGENVEN. 

[14 STOKTON. FO. 107.] 

A.D. 1458, November 3rd, within the rectory house (inansum) 
of the parish church of Nortone under Hamedorie, in the 
diocese of Bath and Wells, in the presence of me, the notary 
public, and of the witnesses underwritten, there appeared 
personally the discreet and honest man, Sir Thomas Tregenven, 
rector of the parish church of Norton under Hamedone, in the 
diocese of Bath and Wells, and made his will in this 
form : 

I, Thomas Tregenven, seeing the danger of death draw nigh, 
make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in holy burial in the 
church of the parish where I shall happen to die. 

Item, I beqeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells 2s. 

Item, to the work of the house of Friars Preachers of 
Yevilchester, 3^. ^d. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 
to Sir Richard Riche of Wells, chaplain, and to Richard Betty r 
serving -man and household - servant (servienti et famuliari 
domestico) of the honest man William Carent of co. Somerset, 
esquire, whom I ordain my executors. 

Given at the place and date abovesaid, these honest men 
being witnesses : Brother John Lenham and William Danwelle, 
of the diocese of Bath and Wells. 

Proved 28th November, A.D. 1458, and administration 
committed to Sir John Riche, executor named, with power 
reserved, &c. 

[1456, October 31. Tho. Tregannan instituted rector of Norton sub. 
Hamdon. Som. Incs.^ p. 153.] 



1458. STEPHEN PORSTER. 

[15 STOKTON. FO. 112.] 

4th December, A.D. 1458. I, Stephen Forster, citizen and 
fishmonger {piscenar) of London, make my will in this 
manner : 

My body to be buried in the church of St. Botulph near 
Belyngisgat, London. 

Item, I bequeath to the high altar of the same, for my tithes 
and offerings forgotten, if there be any ; and that the rector 
there may specially pray for my soul, 40^. 

Item, to the fabric of the body of the same church, 40$. 

Item, to the maintenance of the fraternity of the most 
glorious virgin Mary and of St. John the Baptist founded in the 
same church, 40^. 

Item, to the rector of the church of St. Stephen in Walbroke, 
London, to pray for my soul, 2Os. 

Item, to the fabric of the body of the same church of 
St. Stephen, lo/z. 

Item, to each order of the four orders of Friars Mendicants 
in the city of London, 40^. 

Item, to the lepers dwelling in the lepers' houses of St. Giles 
in the Field, le Loke and Kyngeslond near London at the time 
of my death, 6//., to be delivered to them within two months 
next after my decease, viz., to each of the same three 
houses 4os. 

Item, I bequeath loli. to be laid out by my executors within 
four years next after my decease, for victuals and linen and 
woollen clothing (vesturis) to be therewith ordained and 
provided for the infirm within the house or hospital of the 
Blessed Mary of Bethlehem without Bisshopisgate, London, in 
the meantime detained (jnedio teinpore detentis), and to be 
ministered and delivered to the same infirm people in the 
meantime as may be necessary. 

Item, I will that my executors shall weekly after my decease 
distribute from my goods one penny to each prisoner detained 
and to be detained in the prisons or gaols within the city of 



182 



London and the suburbs thereof and the liberty of the Abbot 
of Westminster, so long as 2oli. shall last for this purpose. 

Item, I will that my executors shall distribute loos, in pence 
amongst the poor and infirm lying (cubantes) within the hospitals 
of the Blessed Mary outside Bisshopisgate, London, Elsyngspetill 
within the city of London, St. Bartholomew in Westsmythfeld, 
London, the Blessed Mary of Runcywale near Charryngcrosse, 
and St. Thomas in Southwerk, as long as the said loos, shall 
last for this purpose. 

Item, I will that my executors shall give 2od. to each person 
delivering a public sermon of God (dicenti sennoneni dei publican i] 
before the men thronging together (confluentibus] as the custom 
is at the cross of St. Paul, London, and the cross of the hospital 
of the Blessed Mary outside Bisshopisgate, London, as long as 
io//. from my goods shall last for this purpose, to the intent that 
each person delivering such sermon shall declare my soul to be 
recommended in the devout prayers of the people standing by 
(cistantis). 

Item, I bequeath to the performance (performacioneni} of that 
part of the stone bridge (pontis lapidate) recently begun to be 
built (de novo edificari incept am), where a wooden bridge hitherto 
existed, at London Bridge towards Southwerk, 20/2. 

Item, I bequeath to the reparation or fabric of the bridge of 
the city of Rochester in co. Kent, loos. 

Item, to the old works of the fabric of the cathedral church 
of St. Paul of London, 40^. 

I bequeath 2O//. to be laid out (exponendas] by my executors 
about the buying of an honest vestment (Jwnesti vestinienti), and 
other ornaments for the church of the Blessed Mary of Staunton 
Drue in co. Somerset, where I was baptized (de sacre fonte 
susceptns), best and necessary for the use of the said church and 
the wardens (custodibus) thereof. 

Item, I bequeath 2oli. to be distributed by my executors in 
the marriage of poor girls, the relief of poor widows and other 
poor and needy persons dwelling in the said parish of the 
Blessed Mary of Staunton Drue and other three parishes next 
adjacent, within two years next after my decease. 

Item, I will that every secular priest dwelling within the city 
of London at the time of my death within seven days following 



183 



next after my decease shall celebrate their mass and pray 
specially for my soul in the same mass, and shall have for their 
labour id. each. 

Item, I will that my executors out of my goods shall find in 
the University of Oxford or Cambridge, at the pleasure of my 
said executors, a certain chaplain, master in arts, not tied by 
scholastic duties (studio vacant) and preacher of the word of 
God, a well-known (famosuni) man, suitable in character 
(moribus) and honest in life, to celebrate for my soul in such 
University for ten years following next after my decease, and 
that the same chaplain shall receive for his salary loos, every 
year. 

Nevertheless I will that such chaplain, on every feast of the 
Nativity, Easter, Pentecost, and on certain other feasts of 
the year most fitting (congruis) shall visit Agnes my wife, 
wheresoever she shall then be living, and shall bide with her 
(secum expectet), if it please the said Agnes, at the costs and 
expenses of the said Agnes, until he return to the aforesaid 
University. 

Item, I will that Thomas Forster, my brother, of Staunton 
Drue, shall have of my goods for the maintenance of his brother 
every year during his life 10 marks. 

Item, I bequeath to John Forster my nephew, son of the 
said Thomas, 20/2. 

Item, to John Forster, son of the said John, 40/2'. 

Item, to John Forde of Norton Malereward, son of William 
Ford my kinsman (cognati) of Norton Hautefeld in co. 
Somerset, 10/2. 

Item, to Walter Forde, brother of the said John, loli. 

To William Forde, son of the said William, 20/2. 

Item, to the fabric of the body of the parish church of the 
Blessed Mary, Redcliff, Bristol, 10 marks. 

To each order of the four orders of Friars Mendicants in the 
town of Bristol, 2Os. 

Item, to the reparation of the church and place (loci) of the 
Priory of nuns of St. Mary Magdalene, Bristol, loos. 

Item, to the poor and infirm (infirmis) lying in the hospital 
of St. Bartholomew of the same town, 5 marks, to be distributed 
to them in pence at the discretion of my executors, 



184 dbmertet OTtlte. 



Item, I bequeath to the common boxes 1 (communibns Fix) 
of my mystery (artis) of the Fishmongers of Oldfisshestrete, 
Thamestrete and Briggestrete of the city of London, to the use 
of the poor and needy of the same mystery, 20/2., to wit, to each 
such box (pixidi) 10 marks. 

Item, I bequeath to the common box (com muni pixidi) of the 
mystery of grocers (inistere grocerontm) of the city of London, 
to the use of the poor of the same mystery, 10/2. 

Item, I will that Margaret Brendwod of London, widow, 
shall have of my goods, to the maintenance of her brother every 
year during his life, 26s. $>d. 

Item, I bequeath to Margaret Sutton of London, widow, 2oli. 

Item, to Joan, wife of Hugh Wyche, mercer of London, and 
daughter of the said (sic) Richard Woodecok, whilst he lived, of 
London, salter, 20/2. 

Item, to Edith, wife of Arthur Ormesby, loli. 

To Thomas Clere, late my servant, loli. 

To Agnes his wife, late my servant, 10/2. 

To Margaret, daughter of the same Thomas and Agnes to 
her marriage, 10/2. 

Item, to John Roant, late my servant, lo/z. 

To Richard Alberton, late my servant, io//. 

To William Kerver, citizen and mercer of London, loli. 

To Joan, wife of the said William, for her good service 
rendered to me in keeping my books (in custodiendos libros 
nieos\ 20/2. 

Item, to John Hore, my servant, loli. 

Item, to William Daniell, my servant, io//. 

To Richard Fors, my servant, 5 marks. 

To Sir William Drayton, chaplain, 40^, 

To Sir William Helwys, chaplain, 40^. 

To John Sharnell, carpenter, and to Joan his wife, late my 
servant, 5 marks. 

To Agnes Sendale my servant, io marks. 

To Alice Cook my servant, 10/2. 

To each of my godsons bearing my name, 1 $s. ^d. y and to 
each of my other godsons and goddaughters, 6s. 8d. 

1 Pyxis, "Thesaurus, fiscus publicns, locus, ubi asservantur pecunirc publicse." 
(Due angle.) 



dForstttr. 185 



Item, I bequeath to Godfrey my cook, 26s. 8d. 

To Martin my servant, 26s. $>d. 

To John Bristowe being in my house, loos. 

Item, I bequeath to Master Thomas Gyburhale, clerk, that 
he may be overseer of the execution of this my will, lo/z. 

Item, to Master William Clif, clerk, in the same manner, 10/2. 

Item, to William Kerver abovesaid, in like form, 10/2. 

To William Ruggewik, 5 marks. 

To Margaret, wife of the late John Melborne, grocer, 
10 marks. 

Item, I bequeath to William Cannynges of Bristol, merchant, 
undergoing (subeunti] the burden of the execution of this my 
will, for his labour, 10/2. 

Item, to Robert Forster, my son, 1,000 marks to be delivered 
him when he comes of lawful age. 

To my son Stephen Forster, 1,000 marks as above. 

To my daughter Agnes, 500 marks at her lawful age or on 
her marriage. 

I bequeath to John Forster my son, 1,000/2. 

To Agnes, my wife, in name of dower, 2,000 marks and all 
my gold, silver, and gilt cups (ciphos\ vessels, basins (pelves), 
ewers (lauacra), pots (pllas), spoons and salts (salsaria\ and all 
my other jewels whatsoever, which weigh altogether by Troy 
weight 303 marks 5} ounces. 

The residue of all my goods not hereinbefore bequeathed I 
give equally between my wife and my said son John, whom I 
make my executors together with William Cannynges of Bristol 
aforesaid and Thomas Moore of London, gentleman. And I 
make Master Thomas Gyburhale and William Cliff, clerks, and 
William Kerver, citizen and mercer of London, their overseer. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto affixed my seal. Given 
at London. 

Proved 2/th December in the year abovesaid, and adminis- 
tration committed to the said Agnes and John Forster, with 
power reserved to commit administration to William Cannynges, 
the other co-executor, when he shall come, &c. 



2 B 



1 86 ^omtrtfet 



1459. ROBERT HUNGERPORD, KNT. 

[17 STOKTON. FO. 133.] 

22nd April, A.D. 1459. I, Robert Hungerford, knight, lord 
of Hungerford, of Heytesbury and of Hamelethe, make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to ecclesiastical burial before the altar 
of St. Osmund the Bishop and Confessor in the cathedral church 
of Salisbury. 

Item, I bequeath to the canons residentiary, vicars, choristers, 
chaplains of the founders of the chantries in the cathedral church 
of Sarum (Cantarias ecclesie cathedralis Sarum fundatonnn) and 
to the other ministers (ininistras) (sic) of the church aforesaid, to 
celebrate the exequies of the dead and mass, and to do other 
divine services (divinia) and solemnities, on the day of my 
burial, 10/2., to be divided among them in form there in such case 
accustomed and from of old time used. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Sarum my best 
blue cope (blodiam capain) of cloth of gold of velvet. 

Item, to one thousand priests (presbiteris] saying the exequies 
of the dead, commendations, seven penitential psalms with 
litanies (latenijs] accustomed, to each of them \2d. 

Item, I bequeath to the Prior and Convent of the house of 
Edyngdon, to pray for my soul, 5 marks. 

Item, to the Prior and Convent of the Carthusian house of 
Henton, 5 marks. 

Item, to the Prior and Convent of the Carthusian house of 
of Whittham, to pray for my soul, 5 marks. 

Item, to the house of the Religious (religiosorum) of Mayden- 
bradley, of my patronage, to pray for my soul, TOO.?. 

Item, to the Prioress and Convent of Ambresbury, two copes 
of white damask cloth. 

To the parish church of Heytesbury, one vestment for the 
priest (presbitero], deacon and subdeacon, with two cloths for the 
altar of blue and white silk powdered with stags, and two copes 
of the same suit. 

Item, to the aforesaid church of Heytesbury, one gradual, 
covered with calfskin (coreo vitulino) and 5 marks. 



Hungtrforto, Hm. 187 



Item, to the parish church of St. Anne of Teffont Eweas, one 
silver chalice, or 30^. to make one new chalice. 

Item, to the parish church of Farley Hungerford, 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to the perpetual chaplains (perpetuatis) 
celebrating in the chapel which my father lately founded in 
the cathedral church of Sarum, to each of them, to pray for my 
soul, 4Os. 

Item, to the rector of the parish church of Farley Hunger- 
ford, 2OS. 

Item, to the Prior and Convent of the Friars Preachers at 
Sarum alias Fyssherton, 5 marks and one cope at the discretion 
of my executors. 

Item, to the Prior and Convent of the Friars Minors at 
Sarum, 40^. 

Item, to the poor-house (domui pauperum] of Betheleem 
outside the gate called Bisshoppesgate of the city of London, 40^. 

Item, to the poor-house of Bradford, 6s. %d. 

To the poor-house of Heytesbury, 2os. 

Item, I bequeath for my funeral expenses, and for black 
cloth to be bought and divided amongst my servants and friends 
to whom 1 have been accustomed to give my livery (liberatam) 
during my life, and also to the two perpetual chaplains (perpetuatis) 
celebrating in the chapel of St. Leonard in the castle of Farley 
Hungerford, and for other expenses on the day of my burial, 
1 00/2'., or more or less at the discretion of my executors. 

Item, I bequeath to Margaret, my most dear consort, one 
vestment of silk cloth of gold (de panno serico) of red and green 
colour, with two cloths (pannis) for the altar, of the same colour, 
one great missal (magnum missale) one chalice (calicem) of silver 
and gilt, one small bell of silver gilt, a little pyx (pixillwn) of 
" Cokelt 1 de perle "with a " crucifixe " silver gilt, two " Cruettes " 
silver gilt, one vessel for holy water with one " aspersorium " of 
silver. 

Item, to the said Margaret, one pair of basins covered with 
silver with my arms with labels at the bottom (in f undo}. 

Item, two basins with two " Ewres " of silver with my 
arms, impaled (partitis) with the arms of my said consort at the 
bottom (in f undo). 

1 I.e., cockle-shell. (JV. E. D.) 



1 88 ^miurtfet 



Item, to the said Margaret, two salts of silver " chased," half 
part gilt, half part white. 

Item, to the same, two silver gilt spoons and six spoons of 
silver. 

Item, to the same, three silver candlesticks (candelabra} with 
" snoffes " lately made in London. 

Item, to the said Margaret, two silver pots (pllas) " god- 
runded " with my arms, with labels, half part gilt and half part 
white. 

Item, two silver pots, " potellers," with the said arms on the 
covers. 

Item, to the same, two silver pots, " quartlers," with the said 
arms on the cover. 

Item, to the same, two " Crateres " of silver, bordered (bordur*) 
and gilt. 

Item, to the same, one bowl (craterem) of silver gilt " stand- 
yng," with a cover, and one " archangill " on the said cover. 

Item, to the same, one bowl of silver gilt " standyng," with a 
cover, which the lord (dominus) bought of a lady for 4 marks. 

Item, to the same, one silver bowl with a cover, called 
" Caunterbury cuppe." 

Item, to the same, two silver "Chargeours," twelve silver dishes 
(discos) and twelve silver " sawceres," with my arms " de labett" 1 

Item, to the same Margaret, one silver cup with " floe " (cum 
floc\ half part white and half part gilt, called " Ledubelle Cuppe," 
and gilt within. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Hungerford, knight, Lord 
Moleyns, my son and heir, two silver gilt basins " pounced " 
with knots (nodis] of " sykols." 

Item, my largest almes disshe of silver made in the shape 
of a hand (ad modum manus fabricatam). 

Item, to the same Robert my largest " dorcer " 2 of " Arras " 
of Duke Giles (de duce Egidio) with two " Costers " 3 of the same 
of " Arras " to the same " docer " pertaining. 

1 Label, a mark of cadency distinguishing the eldest son of a family. (N. E. D. 
See also Bury Wills (Camden Society), p. 35. 

2 Dorser (Dosser), an ornamental cloth used to cover the back of a seat or as a 
hanging for the wall. (N. E. D.) 

r Coster, a hanging for a bed, the walls of a room, c. (N. E. D.) 



t&obert ftungerforti, Unt. 189 

Item, to the said Robert, my best bed of "Arras" with 
three " curteyns " of " Tartaryne," and seven " Costers " of 
"Arras," to wit, of hunting, hawking, fowling (aucupacione) 
and other divers sports (ludis\ of my new " arras," containing in 
length 58 J yards. 

Item, to the same Robert, two " Auter clothes " with one 
"frountell" of red "velvett" " crymesyne," with divers 
" Compassis " of " sikels " curiously embroidered (curiose 
embrowdal), and divers "curteyns" to the same pertaining, 
with all the apparel for priest (presbitero), deacon, and sub- 
deacon, and with my two copes (capis) of the same cloth (panni) 
made with "orphares" well embroidered (ewbrowdal\ together 
also with my two other copes (capis) of " Purpille satyne," 
figured (figur) with "orphares" of blue (blodio) "velvet" cloth 
" figury " of gold. 

Item, to the same Robert, my small breviary (portiforimn) 
and my small missal. 

Item, to the said Robert, my ring of gold, with the four 
Evangelists engraved (impressatis ) upon the same. 

Item, to the said Robert, my own sword "cum capitello 
sanguinario" 

Item, I bequeath to Edmund Hungerford, knight, my 
brother, a pair of " fflascons " silver gilt, with arms, which are in 
the custody of the said Edmund. 

Item, I bequeath to the Lady Margaret Rodney, my sister, 
one image of St. Mary of silver gilt, with my arms under (sub) 
the feet thereof. 

Item, to the repairing of the highway called " le Cawsway " in 
Stanwykmersshe, which Walter, late Lord Hungerford, my 
father, built for the health of the soul of Katherine, his late 
consort, and my mother, 25 marks. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Hungerford, son and heir of 
Robert Hungerford, Lord Moleyns,.one bed of cloth of white 
velvet, well embroidered, on such condition that the said 
Thomas at the time of his death shall bequeath (dimittet) the 
said bed to his next heir male. 

Item, to Thomas Tropponell, one silver cup "standyng," 
with a cover, with my arms cut in a sun (in uno sole) at the 
bottom of the same. 



190 



Item, I bequeath to Arnold Hungerford, my son, 100 marks. 

Item, to Mary Hungerford, my daughter, 100 marks. 

Item, to Isabel Wallsh, 66s. 8d 

Item, to the marriage of Sybil, my wife's female servant 
(famuli), 10 marks. 

Item, to John Mervyn, 6li. 13^. ^d 

To Gregory Westby, 66s. 8d 

To William Hawsok[es], loos. 

To Robert Osberne, 66s. 8d 

To John Fawsill, 40^. 

To John Maydeman, loos. 

To William Lecford, 66s. 8d 

To William Middelton, 40^. 

To John Tewe, $$s. ^d. 

To Thomas Langford, 53^. ^.d 

To John Batson, 66s. 8d 

To Robert Longe, 66s. 8d 

To Robert Elderton, 53*. ^d 

To Robert Smewyne, 40^. 

To William Browderer, 53^. ^d. 

To John Norman, 53^. ^d. 

To John Baker, 40^. 

To William Smewyne, 40^. 

To William Barthram, 40^. 

To John Ferrour, 40^. 

To William Maseland, 53^. ^d. 

To Thomas Merock, 40^. 

To Thomas Drewe, 26s. 8d. 

To Bartram Moore, 26s. 8d. 

To Thomas Chamberlayne, 26s. 8d. 

To William Aisshman, 26s. 3d 

To Gillafh Cooke, 2Os. 

To John Weyland, 2os. 

To Thomas Peers, 2os. 

To William Pagett of the kitchen, IQS. 

Item, I bequeath to Gregory Westbury, one black bed of 
"worsted" embroidered "cum trastellis glaucis" and with all 
" costers " to the said bed pertaining. 

Item, I will that for six weeks immediately after my decease 



Iftofcert Hungtrfortt, Unt. 191 

my executors shall keep and maintain Margaret, my wife, and 
all other my servants (servientes] then residing in my house 
and household (familid}, as they have during my life been 
accustomed to be maintained, to the intent that during the 
said six weeks they may each provide for themselves in such 
ways and manners as shall seem most expedient to them. 

(English.) Item, where as ther remayneth of the residue of 
my lord my fader's goodes two beddis of clothe of gold, the 
oon red, the other blewe, with testours, celours, curteynes of 
tarteron, with all the costers of Tapistriewerke perteyning to 
the same beddes, and also a bed of Tapistriewerke, callid the 
bed of bestis with cattis of the mountayne, for the which beddis, 
to goddes lawe mot it be, I have doon in werkes of charite for 
the sowle of my said lord more thenne they be of valour, 
wherefore of my conscience I take them as myne owen, and give 
and bequeath them to my sonne Robert Hungerforde, lord 
Moleyns, or what other persone that God disposith to be myne 
next heire, charging him that he leve the said beddes with all 
their appurtenaunces to his next heire, And so that for all wayes 
as longe as the said beddes will endure they remayne from 
heire to heire in worship and memorie of my lord my fader 
Walter, Lord Hungerford, that first ordeyned them and paied 
for them, whos sowle all we be bounde to pray fore. 

Be it knowen to all men that I the forsaid Robert Lord 
Hungerford haue put in feofifament alle the Londes and tene- 
mentes with their appurtenaunces I had within the shires of Wilts, 
Somerset, Dorset, Devonshire and Cornewall for divers causes 
that folowe &c. 

First be it knowen that I the said Robert and Margaret my 
wife have chevessid and borowed of divers gentilmen and 
marchauntez the summe of 3000 marke sterling for the first 
payement of the Lord Moleyns fynaunce, Wherefore I woll and 
charge all thoo persones that I haue of speciall trust enfeoffid in 
all my said landes as they woll answer afore God that whenne 
God hath take me oute of this lief they suffer my said wife and 
suche a persone or persones as she will depute and assigne to 
take and Receiue all the issues profittis and Revenues commyng 
or growyng of all my forsaid londes till suche tyme as all myne 
other dettes be paied, my Childeryn and my seruantes Rewardid, 



1 92 Corner Set 



and this my present testament in euery Article fully performed. 
And yet all this notwithstanding, I Require and pray my said 
wife at such tyme as the Lord Moleyns commyth into Inglond 
that she yeve to him yerely tyll suche tyme as this my last wil be 
fully executid 200 marc or 300 marc to helpe him to lyve with 
to his honor and worship, or more or lasse after her discrecion, 
for I knowe wele she that hath be so kinde to her sonne in his 
absence, she cann not be unkynde whenne he is present. And 
all this performed that before is specified I charge my said 
feoffees suche tyme as the Lorde Moleyns woll require thaim 
that they relesse to him all suche astate as they haue in the said 
Lande. Alway prouided that my forsaid wife haue a sure astate 
as hir counsell can best devise for hir in hir joyntor and dower 
according to the lawe of the lande. 

Item, I exhorte pray and hertly biseche you my said sonne 
Lord Moleyns, that Lykin as ye woll to be doon for your self 
such tyme as God lustith to calle you owte of this present life, 
that ye suffer your moder and the persones that I haue put in 
trust to execute and performe this my last will in every Article, 
and that ye grugge not with nothing comprisid herein. And I 
beseche inwardly God yeve you his blissing, and as ferforth as 
any fader hath power I yeve you my blissing. 

Item, I pray and charge Margaret my wife that after the 
6 wekes be passed the which I have ordeigned my houshold 
shalbe kept to gedir aftre my passing oute of this lief, that she 
dispose hir to take hir logging in a litill place there as she may 
be moost to hir comfort and worship, and in all thinges she hath 
doon that she be counsellid and avisid be suche persones as 
haue be my trewe frendes and seruantes and hirs both, and that 
in noo wise she put her self undre the Rewle of any singular 
persone. And if she do, thenne I wol and charge all thos 
persones that I haue enfeoffid in alle my Landes, that they in no 
wise suffre my said wife ne noon other persone in hir behalf to 
Receive or take any maner profit of my forsaid Landes, but only 
of suche Landes as the Lawe woll that she haue dower of, but 
thenne that my said feoffees suffre John Mervyn, Maister John 
Pers, Maister John Ulfeton to take the profittes of my said 
Landes to performe this my said last will. And as well all this 
that alle suche thinges as I haue bequethed unto hir herein that 



193 



in noo wise she take any profit thereof, but that it be sold 
by the supervisours of this my will, and doon for my sowle. 

Item, be it knowen that where my lord my fader, whom God 
assoile, ordeyned and bequeathed in his testament to my sonnes 
Arnold Hungerford and William Hungreford, and to Mary 
my daughter 700 marke, I have yeve to him to manors of 
Flyntfeld and Felcham within the shire of Somersett, the which 
be of much grettor value thenne his part wold have be of the 
said 700 marks, wherefore I charge those persones that were or 
be executours to my said lorde and fader, that the hoole sum of 
the said 700 marks, whenne the tyme shall require it, be 
deliveryd to the behof and mariage of my said doughter Mary, 
chargyng my said sonne Arnold upon my blissing that he never 
clay me parcel 1 ne part thereof. 

(Latin.) The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to Margaret Hungerford, my wife, John Mervyn, 
esquire, Master John Peers and Master Richard Ulfeton, whom 
I make my executors. And I constitute the Viscount de 
Beamont, my son Robert Hungerford, knight, Lord de Moleyns, 
John Fortescu, knight, the King's Chief Justice, and William, 
Rector of the House of Edyngton, Doctor in Theology, over- 
seers of this my will. 

Proved 7th July, 1459, and administration committed to 
Dame Margaret, relict of the deceased, and to John Merevyn, 
esquire, executors named, with power reserved for committing 
administration, &c. 



1459. ABRAHAM HOPER. 

[2 GODYN.] 

The 24th day of June, A.D. 1459, Abraham Hoper, clerk, 1 and 
vicar of the parish church of Custoke juxta Worle, in the county 
of Somerset, being sound of mind and of good memory, in the 
presence of John Lacy and Walter, then servant of the same 
Abraham, made his nuncupative will in this manner : 

His body to be buried in the church of the Blessed Paul of 
Custoke. 

1 The margin has " Testamentum Domini Abrahe Hoper." 

2 C 



194 



omn:s'ct OTtlfe. 



Item, he ordained that William Ruynon, "gentilman," his 
godson, after his death (pbitutri) should cause two trentals 
(trigintalia) of masses to be celebrated for his soul and the 
souls of his father and mother and of all the faithful deceased. 

The residue of all his goods, &c., he gave to the aforesaid 
William Ruynon to dispose for his soul and the souls of his 
father arid mother and all the faithful deceased, and he 
appointed the said William Ruynon his executor. 

Proved at Lambeth 2oth November, A.D. 1463. Administra- 
tion committed to the said William Ruynon. 

[1430, October 24, Abraham Hoper instituted Vicar of Kewstoke. Som. 
Incs., p. 114.] 



1461. JOHN DAVY. 

[23 STOKTON. FO. 176.] 

16 June, A.D. 1461. I, John Davy of Briggewater, " tanner," 
make my will in this manner: 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the south porch 
(portiai) of the parish church of the Blessed Virgin Mary in 
Briggewater aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the Master of the Hospital of St. John 
the Baptist there, for my tithes forgotten, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the vicar of the parish church there, to pray for my 
soul, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to the four fraternities in the parish church aforesaid, 
to each of them \2d. 

To each priest celebrating in the said parish church, 6d. 

To the Friars Minors of Briggewater, to pray for my soul, 5^. 

To the fabric of the parish church there, 2s. %d. 

Item, I bequeath to Roger Pyif? my blue (blodiani] gown 
(togam) furred with " fyches " (penulatam ' cum fyches). 

Item, to Thomas Eyre, one gown of "Medle" 1 furred 
(penulatam). 

1 Medley, i.e.> mixed in colour, " He rood but hoomly in a medley cote." ProL 
to Canterbury Tales, 330. 



195 



Item, to Richard Grobham one gown of mine embroidered 
(stragulatam) and furred (peniUatam). 

Item, I bequeath to Joan my daughter all that my tenement 
wherein I now dwell in the town aforesaid, to her and the heirs 
of her body lawfully begotten and to be begotten, to hold of 
the chief lords of that fee. Nevertheless, my will is that 
Matilda, my wife, shall occupy the said tenement until the day 
of marriage of my said daughter Joan, by the rents and 
services thereof due and accustomed. 

Item, I bequeath to the same Joan, my daughter, my three 
tenements with one " Cabyne " in which John. Benet now dwells, 
in the street of the Blessed Mary in the town of Briggewater, 
going (quo itur) towards the south gate of the said town, on the 
east side, between the tenement in which John Walsh now 
dwells on the south, and my tenement in which Robert Wever 
dwells on the north, to hold as above. 

Item, I bequeath to Katherine, wife of Thomas Eyre, my 
daughter, my tenement in the same street in which John Hancok 
now dwells, to hold as above. And if it happen that the said 
Joan and Katherine die without issue, then I will that all the 
tenements aforesaid shall revert to the said Matilda my wife 
for her life, and after her decease to the heirs of me, the said 
John Davy, for ever. 

Item, I bequeath to my wife all the said tenement in which 
Robert Wewer now dwells, and all other tenements and 
burgages that I have in the town aforesaid not above bequeathed, 
witii remainder, in default of issue as abovesaid, to my right 
heirs. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to my said 
wife, whom I make my executrix. In witness whereof I have 
affixed my seal to these presents. 

Proved iQth July, 1461, and administration committed to the 
executrix named, in the person of Nicholas Collys, notary public, 
her proxy in this behalf. 



196 



1463. HUMPHREY STAFFORD, KNT. 

[29 GODYN. FO. 239.] 

3rd September, 1463, I, Humphrey Stafford, knight, 1 make 
my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Blessed Mary, in the monastery of Glaston. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church, 2Os. 

Item, to the Cathedral Church of Wells, 66s. 8d. 

Item, to each priest (presbitero) at Glaston night and day at 
the time of the obsequies (exequiarum} of my burial, I2d. 

Item, to each servant (seruienti) of the said church, aiding at 
the obsequies (exequiis] and mass (misse) aforesaid, 8d. 

Item, to each poor person there present, 2d. 

I ordain my executors William, Bishop of Winchester, John 
Wyloughby, knight, John Cheyne, William Brounyng, Richard 
Gildou [Gildover], Roger Bekensawe, and John Kendale ; and I 
give them the residue of my goods not above bequeathed, to 
dispose for the health of my soul. 

(English.) Also my verrey and parfyt will is that my ship 
plate and all other my gobellettes and goodes moveable make 
satisfaccion unto such folkes as the Prior of Mocheleigh 
[Muchelney] knowys that I have offendid ageyn, for I have at 
diuerse tymes told hym, which is nott now in my Remembrance ; 
one is for that I was sherve, and therefore examyn well Jewe 
and Clavisay, my officeris, for part they can tell you. Also my 
will is that such folkes as at diverse tymes in going forth have 
been hurt by me or myne, and speciall by my commaundement 
or deede, or that I was pry ve to, in payng of money more than 
their will was, horse or any other thinges, that satisfaccion be 
make by your grete wisdomes, as may be moost dischargeable 
for my soule, and in like wyse be doon to theym that I have 
hadd money or any other goode of by constraynt ayen their 
will, or in any other fourme unlawful!, as my comyng home fro 
yorke felde, or any other season or tyme, be recompensid 
therefore. 

- 1 The margin has " Testamentum Comitis Devonie." 



Itat 197 



Also I will that if any man have been wronfully doone to, 
for lyueloode which shold pteyne to my self or any other pson by 
forsible entrays or by supportacion in my unlawfull title, that 
therin ye see a redresse. 

And also my will is that the lord Clynton and other which 
makis clayme to diverse of my landes be comeued with, and 
heir title sayn, and if their title be better an myne, then that ye 
charge myne heirez to recompense or agree with ham. And 
say that I charged ham so as they will answere afore God at the 
dredefull day of Dome. And if I lyve I wull doo myself within 
short tyme. And that ye remember my treu servants, that they 
may have sum what by your discrecion, and all my dettes be 
paied, I have no leysure to do as I wold, Wherefor I put all my 
faith and soule is trust in you which have guyding of all, 
desiring you and in his name which all maade adverteysing you 
that ye which in my lyfe here have loved me ad y you bothe 
desire you no more but to love the pouer soule which cannot 
help hym self When he is departed from hense, but standeth in 
the mercy of God and lokith after refute and comforte which 
shold come fro this world by the remembrance of executours and 
feoffez of trust made in this forsaide world, which bith so of 
verray trust maade will not forgete the forsaid pouer soule the 
pylgryme, and so I charge you as ye will answere afore the high 
Juge which shall deme both you and me And that I have 
no cause to crye upon you at the dredefull day of Dome. And 
doo for me in this world when I am goon and I trust on Jesu to 
doo for you, and in all thinges that ye yeve credence to my 
gostly fadir the Prior of Mocheleigh, and ye do for my soule as 
sone as ye see this as hastely as ye may, for the sonner the 
better. I can no more at this tyme but six latyn wordes, which 
be these, In domino confido et in vos. 

In nomine Jesu. First this is my will that all this be 
performed here after folowyng, and my will also to be performed 
which is in writyng in the kepyng of thabbat of Glastenbury by 
my trieu executors, feoffees and ministers, as they wille answere 
afore God. 

Item, first that thoo which were wrongfully hurt when I was 
Sherve may be recompensid ; The psone Jewe and Clavilsey 
knowis best for thay were my officers. 



io8 



Item, that Sperway have loli. for the ymage of golde which 
I hadde of hym. 

Item, that it may be understand who hath right to the 
manoir of Bratpole, and that he that hath right to Bratpole may 
be recompensid, or els that they with theire goode willis forgyff 
me, so as I may be discharged afore God, for I have taken 
money in both parties. 

Item, that 40 marks be deliverd to pour folkes for such 
causis as I have utterid to my gostely fadir Doctor Wattes. 

Item, and specially, that my graunte fadir is wille may be 
seen by you, as for the matier between the heires of the Lorde 
Clynton and him, and what that is his wille sholde be doon, by 
the lordship of Tederington, and that by your sadde wisdomes, 
his soule, my fadirs and myne may be in noo perell therefor. 

Item, that Stapelton may be hardde by your grete wisdomes, 
for he claymeth ly veloode. And as ye can thinke it best to be 
doon in dischargyng of our Saulys be hadde and doone and as 
ye can undrestand the matier. 

Item, that Crapenell of Wilteshir have 20/2. or else that he 
with his goode wille may please to forgyf me. 

Item, that Dodsame have such money ayen as I have hadde 
of hym or else that he with his free goode wille wull please to 
forgyf me for that And for other matiers the which I have 
favoured mene in other wise than Reason wold. 

[Here follows the tenor of the second bill :] 

Item, that the preest besides Donster, which I helped to 
have a benefice, which as I remember was of the gift of Saint 
John, as Kendale knowith well, that he have the money ayen, 
the which summe is 40 marks or more. 

Item, that the blynde man which dwellith in Sherborne or 
nygh to the towne that by your grete Wisdomes he may be 
hardde, And that he may have that he of right owith to have 
for he claymeth londe of my graunt fadir is yifte and money 
both which shold be owyng to hym. 

Item, that Britte dwelling beside Cleff have 20/2. or more for 
I have hadde so moche of hym and have doo not for hym after 
the promesse which I maade to hym. 

Item, that my dettes which is owyng to any pson or wronges 
dieuly proued be restored as may be moost to the hclth my of 



199 



(sic) soule. And in like wise my graunt fadir is dettes and my 
fadirs and as ye wull answer afore God at the day of dome, and 
as my gostely fadir Doctor Wattes more playnely wull disclose 
to you then this my writing maketh mencion. And to such 
journeys as I have been called to by the king in the chaunging 
of the world lett hit be recompensid by your sadde aduyse and 
by the discrecion of my said gostely fadir. And that my land 
which is as my trust is in your trusty handez by way of Feoffe- 
ment neuer departe fro you unto the tyme this is my wille with 
that which restes in the keping of the abbat of Glastonbury be 
performed, and that as ye love the helth of your own soules and 
in the discharging of myne. 

These two billes was writen with myne owne hande the 
29 clay of Marche, A.D. 1467, the which specifieth parte of my 
wille, and the remanent restith in the kepyng of thabbat of 
Glasten. 

Humfray lord Stafford. 

First, for John Walronde and for the lande that was his 
fadirs. 

Item, for the lande of Aston and other that was the same 
mannys. 

Item, for thabbat of Glastenbury. 

Item, of thabbat of Tavistoke. 

Item, of the executoris of the preests of Montagu. 

Item, of the matter bytwene pole and the preest of Ilmyster. 

Item, of Bratpole. 

Item, of Gybbys. 

Item, of the grete booke. 

Item, of the vicar of Okehampton for tething. 

In as hertly wise as I can I recommande me to you and I 
pray you as my trust is in you afore all erthely creaturez that 
ye wull to remember as well for my saulys helth as boodely 
helth, and that in all hast ye wull to take all the plate that I 
have with other writing at Tyverton and to doo itt under such 
forme as no seruant of myne may undrestand that ye have itt. 
I have said to Moore that a nother man of youris is best to 
receyue itt and nat your self. All this your wisdome moost 
guyde and if it be soo that God shalbe pleasid that I have lyfe 
then to kepe itt save to my use, and els that God lust to calle 



200 J^omerSrt OTt'ltsl. 



me out of this world that then ye wull dispose itt for my soule 
as ye thinke is best to be doone and moost in espiall for thoo 
thinges which is in my wille that henry hake wull delyur unto 
you with other writinges, and that ye wull tenderly to see those 
writinges that he wull to delyuer. And whereas I have offendid 
to see for Restitucion, and all those writinges is best to be 
receyued at such tyme as ye receive my plate. Also I have left 
writinges with thabbat of Circestre and when ye come to him, 
by the same token that I said to thabbat, Sir, I have a goode 
quarrell, the which is the cause of my journey, by that token he 
will deliver the said writinges unto you. And I pray you where 
any wrong hath beene to make restitucion and that ye wull see 
that seven trentallis be song for thoo that I have thought shold 
have been doone and is not. And Sir William my preest can 
tell you. And also that ye wille to remember my pouer soule 
if ought come to me but goode as I have been your treu frende. 
And where as goodes lakkes to make restitucion that ye wille 
by your wisdomes that by meane of a generall desire in all the 
shires that I have dewlyd in that euery man that I have offendid 
wold forgyff me and my soule. . . . Writen in all haste 
with my hand at Circestre the 21 day of July. And where as I 
have writen unto you that ye shold have writinges of thabbat of 
Circestre the same writinges I send you nowe by the vicarye of 
Porestoke and sealed. The which I pray you not to breke in 
lesse then ye hire of me other tidings of me than goode. 

Your trieu frende, 

H. DEUONSHIRE. 

First, this is part of my wille, for my wille is made of oolde, 
and my feoffees is my lord of Wynchester and my cousin 
Chayne, Bykenell, and other meny, in whom is all my trust, 
praying you to remember my pouer soule, the whiche I biquethe 
to God, to our lady sainct Kateryne, to sainct Umfray and to 
all the sainctes in heuen, and my body to rest in our lady 
chapell att Glastenbury, and the almeshouse with pouer men 
preestes both and all other thinges as it is in my wille which 
was in my cofir that Henry Hake had the key of at Teuerton. 

And also I haue writen part of my wille with my hande in 
diverse other billes the which is in the said cofir and also in 



^taffortt, lint. 201 



the bagge part which I sende unto Maister Nicholas Goffe, and 
that this be trieuly performed by my feoffeez and doone as 
they wull answer therefore at the dredefull day of dome. 

Also that Maister Nicholas Goffe, Maister Wattes, the 
warden of the Grey Freres of Exxeter, that they wulle for 
the saluacion of my soule goo to euery parisshe chirch in 
Dorsetshire, Somersetshire, Wilshire, Deuonshire and Corne- 
wale, and to say a sermon in euery chirche in towne and other, 
And in somoche as I may natt recompense them that I haue 
offendid, that they wulle of their pytee forgyfe my pouer soule 
that it be nat in daunger, and I frely forgif all the worlde and 
biseche Jesu to forgyf me. 

And that my lande neuer come in none of myn heirez 
handez unto the tyme that euery manne that I haue offendid be 
recompensid. And where as there can nott be soo hasty 
recompense as nedid for the welth of my soule, therefore that 
in mane tyme they wull forgyf my soule. And where as I haue 
offendid ayen my lord of Glastenbury thabbat of Tavistoke 
and all other Religious housez, that they wille to see theim 
Recompensid as is aforeseid, and that euery creature that I 
haue hadde lande of untrieuly as well that which came by 
inheritaunce as by porches that theire titles be seen, and that 
thay haue itt to whom of right it ought to perteyne. And 
also that ye see the heirez of the lord of Clinton be seen 
to for the manoir of Tederington, as was the wille of my 
grauntfadir, and better for and Erdeswyke and the land besydes 
Honington with Stapolton and all other that can make any 
title, aswell Erdeswike as alle other. Writen my hande the 
day of my dethe. 

HUMFRAY STAFFORDE. 

ERLE OF DEUONSHIRE. 

Proved at Lambeth 2Qth February, 1469, and administration 
committed to John Kendale, &c. Power reserved, &c. 



2 D 



202 



1464. BISHOP THOMAS DE BEKYNTON. 

[7 GODYN. FO. 50.] 

I, Thomas de Bekynton, humble minister of the churches 
of Bath and Wells, declare my last will in these presents : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in my said cathedral 
church of Wells, in the chapel and place which I have already 
fully and perfectly disposed and prepared for that purpose. 

I will that my funeral expenses shall be moderate, that they 
shall be rather in the recreation and relief of the poor than in 
the solace of the rich and powerful, according to the manner 
and form I have provided in this behalf and caused to be 
drawn up in writing. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wells afore- 
said 20/2. where it shall be most needed ; also 400/2'. to make 
twenty copes of velvet and other twenty of damask of a blue 
(blodij) colour with orfreys 1 (aurifrigijs) of similar cloths of a re.d 
colour, together with gold flowers and other embroideries, in the 
manner and form of a new cope of velvet of a blue colour lately 
made ; also one whole suit for the priest, two deacons, and two 
sub-deacons, and the apparel (apparatu} of the high altar of my 
said church to be made of similar cloths (the sum of 105/2*. us. 
already paid for cloths bought to make these copes to be 
reckoned in the said sum of 400/2.) ; so that the canons and 
vicars of my said church, when the occasion requires, may go in 
procession (processionaliter incedere) in one similar and uniform 
apparel, and not always in such diverse suits. But if any of the 
canons residentiary of the said church, or any others, should 
demand any goods of mine in the name of a mortuary, or should 
make any impediment or disturbance as regards my burial, it is 
my will that the above legacy be utterly void, and that the 
College of the Blessed Mary of Winchester in Oxford wholly 
receive and have the same. 

Item, I bequeath to the said church of Wells my best whole 
vestment for the priest, deacon, and sub-deacon, with a cope of 
the same suit of precious cloth of gold, the ground (campus) 

1 We keep the old spelling (see Prompt. Paw., p. 368, note 2). 



I)omas tit Jiirhwtlon. 203 



whereof is green velvet, and the orfreys (aurifrigia) are of cloth 
of gold of red " tyssu " very precious. 

Item, I bequeath to the same church my vestment of black 
cloth of gold ; and a vase of silver and gilt for holy water, and 
an aspersorium similarly silver and gilt " swaged " of Paris work 
quite new, weighing 10/2. troy. Also a pontifical "exedra"or 
" cathedra " [throne], gilt and draped (vestitam) in precious cloth 
of gold, to serve the Bishop of Wells celebrating mass before 
the high altar there in his pontificals, with two "cushinis" and 
a long seat (pulminarij- likewise of precious red cloth of gold. 
Also a silver cross partly gilt to serve the bishop or dean or 
other person executing the office in the Feast of the Purification 
at mass to carry his blessed candle, entirely new, weighing 
43 ounces troy. Also five standards as processional banners for 
the season of Rogations and other suitable times, with five 
staffs (hastis) painted in red and green. 

Item, I give to my cathedral church of Bath thirty copes of 
the better red cloth of gold, with orfreys (aurifrigijs} of similar 
cloth of a blue colour, together with two broad and one narrow 
frontal and two purple curtains for the adornment and apparel 
of the high altar there, with a whole vestment for the priest, 
deacon, and sub-deacon, and a cope for the bishop or prior of 
the said church of cloth of gold of Venetian work with orfreys 
(aurifrigijs) of feather work (operis plumarif). Also my best 
" osculatorium pacts" silver and well gilt, weighing 30^ ounces. 

Item, I bequeath to Winchester College, Oxford, my best 
silver gilt cross, well enamelled (bene anielatain*), with a silver 
staff for bearing the same (pro eadem baiulanda\ of 10 Ibs. 
troy weight. Also my great and precious Bible written in four 
volumes, which I will shall be chained (cathenari) in the library 
there, for the use of those wishing to study in the same (ad 
utilitatem studer* volencium in eadem). 

Item, to the same college my whole suit of vestments of 
white damascene cloth with all the apparel of the same. Also 
my two new antiphonaria of which the one begins on the 
2nd folio " sacerdos" and the other "saluare? and my best 

1 A mistake for pulvinari. 

2 The word anele means (i) to anoint with oil, (ii) to enamel. (Pro >npi. Parv., 
p. i i, note 5.) 



204 



" gradale" with silver clasps which begins on the 2nd folio in 
Rubro 8 m., &c., and my large silver pomander 1 (pilani) to be 
used there at the high altar in the time of winter to warm the 
hands of the priests celebrating there when there is need. 

Item, to the college of the Blessed Mary near Winton my 
second best cross of silver gilt and well enamelled, of like form 
and fashion with the like silver staff for carrying the same, in 
troy weight 9 Ibs 10 ounces. 

To the same college my two new " antiphonaria" of which the 
one begins on the 2nd folio " E. Reg." and the other " tensiam 
ttia" also my whole suit of vestments of green cloth of velvet 
with orfreys of cloth of purple colour embroidered with gold 
flowers and with this verse on them " Laus Deo'' likewise of 
cloth of velvet, viz., two large frontals and one "frontale 
strictiun " and two green curtains of tartarin for the adorning of 
the high altar and one whole vestment for priest, deacon, and 
sub-deacon of the same suit and of similar cloth of velvet with 
seven copes of the same suit. 

Item, to the same college two silver candlesticks (candelabra) 
for the altar of Parisien work, in troy weight 3 Ibs. 10 ounces. 

Item, to the Hospital of St. Katherine near the Tower of 
London, of which formerly I was Master, everything which I 
did while alive for the usefulness of the place, my entire green 
vestment for Sundays, " de panno aureo cuius campus est coloris 
rubei" namely for priest, deacon, and sub-deacon, with two 
large frontals " et uno stricto " and five copes of the same suit, and 
two curtains of red tartarin cloth. Also to the same Hospital, 
4OJ. to be distributed there by my executors at their discretion 
among the brethren, sisters, chaplains, clerks, and choristers 
there, so that on the trental of my death they shall solemnly say 
for my soul " exequias mortuorum cum commendacione animarum " 
and mass of Requiem on the morrow, also that they have my 
soul specially and by name commended among other bene- 
factors of the place : my executors to pay to the same place 
in recompense for wax consumed at the said time IDS. 

Item, to each of ten poor women of the same hospital, " ut 

1 A silver vessel, like an apple, filled with warm water, for the priest to warm his 
fingers during excessive cold, to prevent accidents in handling the chalice, was called 
a pomander. (Pugin's Eccl. Arch., 146.) 



Cfyomag to i$efei>nt<m. 205 



ipsi pro anima mea diligenter et devote causam orandi habeant et 
sic realiter et de facto orent" 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the parish church of Sutton Courtenay, of which I 
was once Rector, one entire suit or vestment of the better kind 
of red and cloth of gold for priest, deacon, and sub-deacon, and 
one cope of the same cloth with orfreys of similar cloth of blue 
colour. 

Item, I bequeath lOCtf. among poor parishioners there, and 
especially those sick in bed (clinicos) and blind, if there are any, 
to be distributed at the discretion of my executors. 

Item, I bequeath ioos. among poor parishioners of Bedwyn, 
of which formerly I was prebendary, under the same conditions 
as at Sutton, and I will that in each of the said churches of 
Sutton and Bedwyn on the 3Oth day after my death " exequie" 
shall solemnly be said with commendation of souls and mass 
of Requiem on the morrow, and that each chaplain being 
present shall have 8d. and each clerk being present 4</. 

Item, I bequeath to the parish church of Bekynton my 
copper cross gilt, with the pediment of the same (pedamento) 
and with a staff for bearing the same (baculo pro eadem 
baiulandd} likewise copper and gilt. And a censer (ihuribulum) 
likewise copper and gilt. Also a dominical vestment of green 
" Satyn " with orfreys (aurifrigijs} of cloth of gold of red 
colour. 

Item, to the Augustinian Friars within my diocese of 
Bristol, 2Qs. 

To the Friars Minors at Bruggewater, 2Os. 

To the Friars Preachers at Yevelchester, 2os. 

I bequeath the sums which follow to ten honest priests of 
good conversation, apt and disposed to study, and either 
staying or about to stay in the University of Oxford, not 
having a sufficient exhibition, and especially those who belong 
to my diocese, according to the discretion of my executors 
" et per eos eligendis quorum fidem et consciencias in hac parte 
ante tribunal Eterni Judicis onerandas esse" and I will that 
my executors perform this " fidiliter indiff er enter et sine favore" 
and that these priests so elected promise that they will^ for 
the space of three years from the time of their election faith- 
fully and diligently pray and celebrate their masses for my 



2 o6 



soul and the souls of my parents, friends, and benefactors, and 
especially for the souls of Lord Humfrey, once Duke of 
Gloucester, and of Lord William of Wykham, formerly Bishop 
of Winchester, and of Master John Elmer and Walter Thurstorp, 
my benefactors, and of all the faithful dead, and I will that each 
of these priests shall receive annually loos., and if any vacancy 
occur among these priests, it shall be filled up by my executors. 
I bequeath to the exhibition of ten poor scholars not having a 
sufficient exhibition in the said University of Oxford, to be 
selected from my diocese, ivd. each weekly. And I will that, 
in this bequest, the poor boys of my chapel who are now there 
or will be at the time of my death, of whatsoever diocese they 
may be, be preferred before others for this exhibition. I 
bequeath to each " domicellus " in or of my family at the time of 
my death IOCXT., and to each " valectus " 5 marcs, and to each 
" garcio " 40 j., and each of my servants to receive their wages 
and clothing for three months after my death and to be pro- 
vided for for that time in some honest inn (kospicid). I will that 
my goods shall be deposited in some safe place, and after an 
inventory has been made one of my executors shall super- 
intend the sale of them, 

I will and ordain that my executors shall give my future 
successor in my cathedral churches aforesaid to pacify (pacifi- 
candum) him, and to redress (redimendas) unjust vexations in 
this behalf, so that he may not impede, hurt, or molest them 
in any way in the execution of this my last will, since certainly 
no just cause exists in that behalf as is well known to all who 
knew my great costs and expenses on and about my entry into 
the state of my benefice, about the reparations and maintenance 
of the same, 100/2. of money, although I had received nothing 
either in money or money's worth from my predecessor by cause 
of reparation, though, nevertheless, he is notoriously known 
(notorie nescatur) (sic) to have received from the executors of 
Nicholas Bubwith of good memory, his predecessor, in money 
1600 marks, and in other goods, such as mitres, jewels, and 
other precious things, to the value of 1200 marks ; and although 
my said predecessor left all and singular the manors and places 
belonging to my bishopric as though with no reparation done 
during the time, eighteen years, that he sat in this seat 



i&ofcert TOam, lEgg. 207 



Item, I give and bequeath to each of my underwritten 
executors undertaking the burden of the execution of this my 
will, 2O/, and I ordain my executors Master Hugh Sugar, my 
chancellor, John Pope, canon, and Richard Swan, provost 
(prepositum) of my cathedral church of Wells ; whom I will 
that John Touker, my registrar, shall assist ; and to the same, 
for his work and labours in this behalf, I bequeath 10/2. 

In witness whereof I have left this my present testament 
closed under my great pontifical seal. Given in my palace of 
Wells the twelfth day of November, A.D. 1464, and in the 22nd 
year of our consecration. There being then there present 
Master Thomas Bromehale and Thomas Merssh, canons of my 
cathedral church of Wells aforesaid, and the upright (probo) 
man Robert Stowell, esquire, witnesses to the premises specially 
called and required. 

Proved 23rd January in the year abovesaid, and administration 
committed to the executors named. 



1465. ROBERT WARRE, ESQ. 

[10 GODYN. FO. 73.] 

7th July, A.D. 1465, I, Robert Warre, esquire, in the parish of 
Kyngeston in the diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the conventual church 
of the monastery of Athelney. 

Item, I bequeath to Cristina, my wife, one bowl with ewer of 
silver. 

Item, to Richard my son, one bowl with ewer of silver. 

Item, to Sir Richard Saleway, vicar of Kingeston, 6s. 8d., for 
tithes forgotten. 

Item, to Giles, clerk there, 2od. 

Item, I bequeath to Andrew Godde one gown of mine of 
crimson, furred (penulatam) with marten. 

Item, to Margaret, wife of Andrew Godde, one gown of blue; 
(blodii) colour. 



208 



Item, I bequeath to Robert Stevyns one gown of Mustard - 
villars 1 (inusterdevilys). 

Item, to John Clavyshay, one gown of green colour. 

Item, to Robert, now Abbot of Athelney, and to the convent 
of that place, one pall (pallum} of gold, to make a vestment, to 
pray for my soul, and the souls of all the faithful deceased. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed, I give and bequeath 
to Cristina, my wife, and Richard, my son and heir, whom I 
constitute my executors. 

These being witnesses, Master Richard Glene, 2 Prior of the 
Priory of Taunton, John Byshop esquire, Sir Richard Saleway, 
chaplain. 

Proved 5th August in the year abovesaid, and administration 
committed to the executors. 

[Testator was son and heir of John la Warre of Hestercombe, he was 
Sheriff of Dorset and Somerset 36 Hen. VI, he married Christina, sister of 
Sir Richard Hankford, of Annery, Devon. 

(B. W. Greenfield's Pedigree of Tyndale.}] 



1466. WILLIAM KENE, ESQ. 

[20 GODYN. FO. 163.] 

I, William Kene of Wollewiche in the county of Kent, 
esquire, 29th May, A.D. 1466, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
Wollewiche, in the choir there, before the image of the Blessed 
Mary. 

Item, I bequeath to the high altar of the said church, for 
tithes and offerings (pblationibus) forgotten and not paid, 40^. 

Item, to the high altar of Eltham, for tithes and offerings 
forgotten and not paid, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Eltham, 6s. &/. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Lodres in co. Dorset, ios. 

I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Stoke next Mertok 
in co. Somerset, los. 

1 A mixed grey woollen cloth, so called from a town near Harfleur where it was 
first manufactured. (Fairholt's Costume in England.} 
>J He was prior in 1449 ; he died January 3ist, 1475-6. 



209 



Item, to the fabric of the church of Mertok aforesaid, 13.$-. ^d. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Agnes my wife, to dispose at her discretion, and I 
make the said Agnes my executrix. 

Item, I will that Thomas Daunce my feoffee, and my other 
feoffees, if any other be then alive, shall forthwith after my 
death, by indenture sufficient in law demise and grant to the 
said Agnes the manor of Aysshe, and all other lands in cos. 
Somerset and Dorset, which they had of the gift of Hugh Kene 
and Agnes his wife, and of me the said William, late son of the 
said Hugh and Agnes, to have and to hold to the said Agnes 
for the term of her life, with remainder to Anthony Kene, my 
elder son and heir ; and if he die without issue the said manor 
and lands shall remain successively to Nicholas Kene, my 
second son, to James Kene, my third son, to George Kene, my 
fourth son, to John Kene, my fifth son, and then to my daughters 
Bridget, Cecilia, Emayn and Edith ; and then to my sister 
Elizabeth, and lastly to my own right heirs. 

These being witnesses, William Appulton, chaplain ; William 
Frye ; William Gyles ; Thomas Browne, and others. 

Proved 9th July, 1467, and administration committed to the 
executrix named 



1466. THOMAS ASSHECOMBE, 

[15 GODYN. FO. 115.] 

6th October, in the yere of our Lord 1466, I, Thomas 
Asshecombe, make my testament in this wise : 

I betake my body to be buried within St. Clement 
[St. Clement Danes, London] is chirch or chirchyerd. 

I bequeithe to the high aulter of the seid chirch 3^. 4<J. in 
relesyng of my tithes beyng behynd. 

I will that a taper of wex of a pound weight every yere 
during the termes of eny housing that I have, soo that ther 
come so moch over the chargez, the Wennesday, Thursday and 
goode Friday at nyght, at the service tyme after none, be lighted, 
and to be amydwardes the smale candels in the worship of our 
lady blessed Marie, it not to be quenched openly ; and the 

2 E 



210 



service doon, upon goode Friday at nyght, the forsaid taper to 
be sette before the blessett sacrament, ther to brenne till hit be 
doon. 1 

Also if my goodes will streche thereto I will than an honest 
preest have 9 marcs for a hoole yere to syng within the said 
chirch of St. Clement, to pray for my soule, the soulys of my 
fader and moder, Sir William Asshecombe is soule and Thomas 
Wedon is soule. 

Also I bequethe to Thomas Pery my newe register unbound 
and my 2 rolles of the cours of the Chauncerie and all my other 
bundels and bokes longyng to the cours of the Chauncerie ; also 
a gowne furrid with bever. And to the said Thomas and Agnes 
his wife, a bed wrethen with white, a paire of curteyns, a paire of 
shetys and a paire of blankettis. 

I bequethe to the chirch of Chesham 6s. Sd. of Thomas 
Wedon is goodes, to pray for his soule. 

To John Mone, a gowne of cremesyn, furrid with martees. 

To Agnes Bernard, 6s. 8d. 

To John Loryng, my blew gowne furrid with fochions. 

To Sebill, wife to the same John, 3 silver spones. 

To Margaret Baron, my servant, 6s. 8d. 

I will that there be at my dirige, mass and moneth mynde 
noon other tapers ne Candelstikkes but such as be of the same 
chirch, they to be paied for after the custume and usage. 

I bequethe to the chirch of our Lady of Bradford 2 in the 
shire of Somerset, wherin I took my cristendome, 6s. 8d. 

I make my wife Alice myne executrice, she to fulfille my 
said testament, and the Residue over that if eny be she to 
dispose it for my soule. 

Proved 3rd November, 1466, and administration committed 
to Alice, the relict and executrix named. 

[This will is written in English.] 



1 This paragraph refers to the service of Tenebrae, and to the Easter Sepulchre. 

2 Bradford near Taunton must be meant ; in Bacon's Liber Regis St. Giles is 
given as the patron Saint, and also in Dioc. Kakndar. 



Cartut. 211 



1467. NICHOLAS CARENT. 

[20 GODYN. FO. 169.] 

1 5th April, A.D. 1467. In nomine individue trinitatis patris 
et filii et Spiritus Sancti, Amen. I, Nicholas Carent, 1 Dean of 
the Cathedral Church of Wells, make my will in the form which 
follows : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
monastery of St. Frideswide [Oxon]. 

I bequeath the whole sum owing to me out of arrears 
belonging to my larger allowances for Commons (ex arreragiis 
pertinentibus magnis cois meis\ to wit, lOOJ. for the bell 
(canipana}) and the residue to the fabric of the said Cathedral 
Church of Wells. 

Item, I bequeath to the said Cathedral Church two books, 
viz., one book called " Lynwode super constitiiciones provinciates" 
and a book which is called "speculum Regiminis ad utrumque 
kominem? 

Item, I bequeath to Sir Richard Chokke, knight, and Justiciary 
of the lord the king, my breviary (portiforium), on the second 
folio " Tune fiat? provided that the said Sir Richard shall assist 
my executors in all things which concern this my present will. 

Item, I bequeath to William Carent, esquire, my brother, one 
silver goblet silver gilt (unam ollam argent, deaurat.). 

Item, to John Carent, esquire, my brother, one silver goblet. 

Item, to John Carent, esquire, my nephew (nepoti), one silver 
goblet. 

Item, to Thomas Knoill, junior, my kinsman (consanguineo], 
one pair of gilt salts (salsariorum deaurat\ with one cover ; 
twelve spoons and one gilt cup (ciphuni}. 

Item, I bequeath to John Assheley, my kinsman (consan- 
guineo\ one pair of silver salts with one cover. 

Item, to each of my servants (cuilibet famulo meo domestico}, 
as great a sum of money as shall extend to their yearly stipend. 

To the parish church of Iwern Minstre (Sarum Diocese) for 
the repair of the nave 



1 The margin has " Testauientum Magistri Nicholai Carent 



212 



To the "capelle curate" 1 of Hamley pendent on the said 
church of Hamley for the repair of the nave 40^. 

For the repair of the prebendal church of Yetminster (Sarum 
Diocese), xxs. 

For the repair of the nave of the parish church of 
Symmesborough (Sarum Diocese), xxs. 

For the repair of the nave of the parish church of Stalbrigge 
(Sarum Diocese), xxs. 

Item, I bequeath to the reparation (reparacionem) of the nave 
of the parish church of Shepton Malett, diocese of Bath and 
Wells, 40s. 

Item, to the reparation of the nave of the parish church of 
Honespyll (Bath and Wells Diocese) 40^. 

To the repair of the nave of the parish church of Cheschunt 
(London Diocese), 2Os. 

To the repair of the nave of the parish church of Shepton 
Moyn (Sarum Diocese), 2Os. 

Item, to Master Simon Roo, ioos. 

To Sir David Whittok, rector of Stalbrigge, 5 marks. 

Item, to John Nolton, 5 marks, provided that the said David 
and John faithfully levy and collect all my goods, and deliver 
the same to my executors as soon as they can after my 
death. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed, I give and 
bequeath to William Carent. John Carent, the elder, and John 
Carent, the younger, esquires, aforesaid, and to Simon Roo, clerk, 
whom I ordain my executors, to dispose of all my goods 
bequeathed and not bequeathed, for the good of my soul. Given 
at Oxford. 

Proved at Lambeth 2nd November, 1467, and administration 
committed to John Carent, the elder, esquire, the executor, &c. 
Power reserved, &c. 

[This will has been printed in the Antiquary, No. 41, New Series. 
(No. 162, vol. xxvii) May, 1893, p. 212, with notes by the present editor, to 
which we must refer the reader : 

The Carents lived at Toomer in Henstridge co. Somerset, a pedigree of 
the family will be found in Hutchins's Dorset, iv, 112. The Dean was the 
second son of Wm. Carent, by Alice, sister and heiress of Richard Toomer. 

1 A chapel with a cure of souls attached (see S.R.S., vol. x, no. 2319). 



213 



Dates in the life of Nich. Carent. 
1430, ult. February. Rector of Iwern Minster. 

1435, July I 9- Prebendary of Ruscomb (Sar. Dioc.). 

1436, April 3. Rector of Symondsbury, Dorset. 
1436 and 1438. Principal of Vine Hall, Oxford. 

1445, May 14. Rector of Stalbridge. 

1446, May 10. Prebendary of Grimstone and Yetminster (Sar. Dioc.). 
1446, August 22. Dean of Wells. 

1448, August 1 8. Rector of Shepton Mallet. 
1453, March 5. Rector of Huntspill. 
1459, . Prebendary of Scamlesby (Line. Dioc.). 

The authorities are given in the Antiquary^ 



1467. ANDREW HOLES. 

[29 GODYN.] 

The 22nd day of April, A.D. 1467, I, Andrew Holes, Chan- 
cellor of the church of Sarum, make my will in this manner: 

Item, lego, unum librum pulcrum continentem ympnar et 
exequias mortuorum ij fo, " Exurge Doniine " in choro ecclesie 
cathedralis Willen ligandum, atque stallum pertinens ad 
archidiaconum Welleil pro tempore existen. 

Item, volo quod ymagines due beatorum Petri et An dree 
argentee et deaurate remaneant in usum ecclesie cathedralis 
Wellensis. 

Cetera vero mea jocalia tarn argentea deaurata quam non 
deaurata disponantur per manus executorum meorum. 

Ita, videlicet, quod de illis que ad ministerium ecclesiasticum 

fuerunt verisimiliter facta, quedam cedant in usus monasteriorum 

de Witham ordinis Cartusiensis in Selwode, Bruton, Staverdale, 

Wospring, Bathofi et Wellen dioc, de Ambresbury et Shafton 

dwc, distribuenda per manus executorum meorum. 

Proved at Lambeth 25th June in the year abovesaid. 



1467. JOHN SPARHAWKE. 

[18 GODYN. 154.] 

The antepenultimate day of May, A.D. 1467, I, John 
Sparhawke, rector of the parish church of Coldaston in the 
diocese of Worcester, make my will in this wise : 



214 



I bequeath my body to holy burial in the cathedral church 
of the Blessed Peter of Bath, before the altar which is called the 
altar of majesty. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Worcester, $s. ^d. 

To the cathedral church of Salisbury, 3^. ^d. 

To the church of Coidaston aforesaid, 13^. ^d. 

Item, to the parish church of Chalvedon in Dorset, 13^. ^.d. 

To the church of St. Michael of Combe, 6s. 3d. 

To the parish church of Southstoke and to the parishioners 
there, a good manual and surplice (superpellicium) and 40^. to 
the reparation of the missal, that they may pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to John Brodey my nephew in Dorset, IDS. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells, 13^. ^d. 

Item, to each monk of Henton, \2d., to pray for my soul. 

Item, to each monk of Bath, to say obsequies in the choir on 
the day of my burial, 2Od., and on the morrow, at the mass, 2od. 
and the same at my trentale, and on the morrow at the mass. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar of Welwe, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to the Prior of Bath, to bury me, 2os. 

Item, to the rector of the church of St. James of Bath, IDS. 
and my best gown. 

Item, to the rector of Cumhawey, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to Sir Thomas Chew of Wells (Cheiv Wett} 2&s. 

Item, to the rector of the church of Claverton, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to Peter Pope, monk, 6s. Sd. 

Item, to the brotherhood of St. Katherine of Bath, 6s. Sd. 

Item, to the mending of the bridge of Bath, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the Master of St. Mary Magdalene of Bath, 2s. Sd. 

Item, to Sir John Lacok, monk, 6^. Sd. 

Item, I bequeath to John Russelyne, all my wooden brewing 
(pandoxatorid) vessels and los. 

Item, to John Combe my servant, 2Os., and one great dish, 
one gown, and one of the largest pots. 

Item, I bequeath to Joan Kyng, one gown, two blankets and 
two sheets. 

Item, to Nicholas Cambe, late my servant, 6s. Sd. 

Item, to the vicar of Inglystonne, 6s. Sd. 

Item, to Marion, daughter of Thomas Lacock, to her 
marriage, 2Os. 



Walter &ft(tnf)am, ISsq. 215 

Item, to Thomas Perman, my servant, 6s. $>d. 

Item, to Julian Lacok, wife of Thomas Lacok, 6s. 8d., one red 
bed-coverlet (coopertorium lecti) with curtuns. 

Item, I bequeath to Julian Combe icxy. 

Item, to Master Richard Lychefelde, doctor of laws, 
Archdeacon of Bath, one gilt cup with a gilt cover, to pray for 
my soul. 

Item, to Master John Hewysse, one cup of silver. 

Item, to Master Thomas Dultyng?, another cup of silver and 
cover of silver, to be divided between the said Master John and 
Thomas. 

Item, I bequeath another cup of silver to Thomas Lacok. 

Item, to each priest celebrating on the day of my burial 
where my body is buried, 6d. 

Item, I bequeath to the aforesaid Masters Richard Lychefelde, 
John Hewysse and Thomas Dultyng?, four marks each, and I 
make them my executors. 

Item, I bequeath to the high altar of St. James, $s. ^d. 

Item, to the said church of St James, 3.9. ^d. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed, I give and 
bequeath to my executors, to dispose for my soul. 

Proved 9th June in the year abovesaid, and administration 
committed, &c. 



1469. WALTER SIDENHAM, ESQ. 

[29 GODYN. FO. 235.] 

2nd Apriell A.D. 1469, I, Walter Sidenham, esquier, sone and 
heire of John Sidenham the Elder, esquier, make my testament 
in this wyse : 

I bequethe my body to be buried in the newe ile of the 
parisshe church of Brymptone. 

Item, I bequethe to the high aulter of the said parisshe 
church one paire of aulter clothes of Crimesyne damask, with a 
frontille of blak veluet embrawded. 

Item, I bequethe 2os. of peise grotes to make a boxe to put 
in our lordes body, and to honge over the said aulter. 



216 



$omer*et 



Item, I bequethe to the mayntenaunce of a iampe to 
brenne afore our lordes body at the said aulter 1 1 s. 8d. y to be 
taking perpetually by the yere, wherof 6s. Sd going oute of the 
londes that John Smythe of Gofford holdith nowe of me in 
Hidefeld in the parish of Mountagu, and $s. a yere going out 
of the londes which I purchased late of Browninge in 
Tyntenhille. 

Item, I will that the parson of Brympton have for me to his 
mortuarie 1 a donne hors of myne. 

Item, I will that my seruant William Wilson have a sorelle 
hackney of mine, with a sadill and a bridell, and all other my 
ryding harneis, that is to say, my dowbelet of fustian, a short 
blak gowne, and a short crymesyne gowne, my botes, my 
sporis, my bower and arowes, my swerd, except the silver 
harneys to the same swerd, which I bequethe to the making of 
the said boxe. 

The residue of my goods I bequeath to Margaret, my wife, 
and to John my sonne, to dispose for the welthe of my soul as 
they think best, and I ordain them my executors, and to pay 
my debts, that is to say, to Walter Paunsfote, esquier, 10/2. ; to 
Parker, draper of London, 10 marks ; to oon Richard Tailor of 
Fletestrete in London, 50^. 

Item, there remaynethe with the said draper 3 yards of 
brode clothe, violet, price 6s. 8d. a yard, in plegge of payment 
of part of the said 50.9. 

Item, I owe to Barnabie is wife of London for two pair of 
hosis, price I suppose 8^. 

Item, 1 owe to Nicholas Forest, Taillor of London, 6s. for 
the makyng of a dowblet of silk of myne, and 4^. for a 
dowbelet of fustians to my child, &c. 

Proved 22nd January in the year abovesaid, and administra- 
tion committed to Margaret, the executrix named. 

[This will is written in English.] 



1 Mortuarium, "Jus quod ecclesia seu illius rectori debetur, cum quis decedit" 
(Ducange.) In the case of poorer testators, it takes the form, "for tithes 
forgotten," so much. 



tmon Brawled. 217 



1469. SIMON BRAYLES. 

[27 GODYN. FO. 225.] 

I, Simon Brayles, on the 25th of April, 1469, make my will 
in this manner : 

First, I bequeath to the high altar of the church of Ewelme, 
3^- 4^ 

Item,, a long gown (togam) of blue (blodei) colour furred 
with " le Bevir" with a hood (capucio) of the same colour, to 
Sir William West. 

Item, I bequeath a long gown (togam) of " crymesyn " lined 
with " le blak bokyrham^ to Master William Marton, and a 
girdle (dngulunt) of black silk with seven gilt bars (stipis}. 

Item, to James Blondell, a feather bed with one " bolstre " 
of feathers (de plumis}. 

Item, a " murrey derk gown " lined with black, with a hood 
(capucio} of the same colour, to the wife of Thomas Baker of 
Eye. 

Item, a long gown of white russet (russeto) to the wife of 
John Dalbard of Ewelme ; and the hood of the same I 
bequeath to George de Botry. 

I bequeath to my servant (famulo) Adam a short gown of 
" dark russett," and the saddle in which he is wont to ride. 

To my servant (famulo} Roger, " a rede geldyng trottyng," 
and a saddle whereon he is wont to ride ; and one bed-cover 
(cooper t or ium lecti), with two blankets (lodicibus) and two sheets 
whereon he is wont to lie. 

To my successor in the church of Chedsey, all my furniture 
(supelectilia) remaining there. 

The residue of my goods I give to John Brayles, whom I 
make my executor. 

Witnesses : Master William Marton, Sir William West, 
and Roger Wright. 

Proved 5th July in the year abovesaid, and administration 
committed to the executor named. 

[1464, October 3. Simon Brailles instituted Rector of Chedzoy. (Som 
.) p. 331.)] 

1 Buckram, a cloth stiffened with gum. (Fairholt's Costume in England.) 

2 F 



2 i8 



1469. WILLIAM KAYLEWAY. 

[27 GODYN. FO. 224.] 

2 1st May, 1469, I, William Kayleway, the elder, son of John 
Kayleway, late of Shirborne in co. Dorset, make my will in this 
manner : 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Salisbury, I2d. 

Item, to the parish church of Shirborne, my new missal; 
and I will that the said missal shall be well and suitably 
illuminated and bound (competenter illuminabitur et ligabitur) at 
my costs and expense. 

Item, I bequeath to the Abbot of Shirborne 6s. &d., and to 
his convent, to say " Placebo " and " Dirige " and mass for my 
soul, 1 3^. 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to the Vicar of Shirborne, for tithes 
forgotten, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the almshouse of Shirborne aforesaid, 13^. ^d. 

Item, to the Prior and his brethren of Henton, to pray for 
my soul, 1 3y. 4^. 

Item, to the White Friars of Bristol, to pray for my soul, 
13*4** 

Item, to the Rector of la Grene of Shirborne, $s. ^d. 

Item, to William, my son, my two best horses with bridles 
and saddles (cum frenis et cellis) and other apparel (apparellis] 
to the said horses belonging. 

Item, to William Glover, my servant (servienti), 40^., and 
the horse on which he is accustomed to ride, with the saddle 
and bridle, and other apparel (apperellis} to the same pertaining. 

To William Daniell, my servant (servienti\ ios. 

Item, to John Preston, ios. to pray for my soul 

Item, I bequeath to John, son of the aforesaid William, my 
son, all my lands and tenements in the county of Bristol, and 
in Yevelt in co. Somerset, to have and to hold to the said 
John and the heirs males of his body lawfully begotten for 
ever ; in default of such heir, the said lands and tenements 
shall remain to William, brother of the said John, and to his 
issue male ; and in default of such heir male I will that the 
said lands shall remain to the said William, my son, and to the 



(L2Utlltam 



heirs males of the body of my said son William lawfully 
begotten, for ever, and if it happen that the same William, my 
son, die without issue male, then I will that the said lands, &c., 
remain to the right heirs of me, the said William. 

Item, I bequeath to the said William, my son, a chalice 
of silver and in part overgilt (superaurai\ two phials (phiolas] 
of silver, one " paxbrede " of silver partly overgilt (superaurat\ 
my second missal [missale] and my breviary (fortiforium) and 
all other necessaries belonging to my oratory in my messuage at 
Shirborne. 

Item, I bequeath to the said William one silver cup which 
I had of the gift of Joan, mother of Joan, late my wife. 

Item, to the same William one other silver cup called 
" Bollecuppe," to have and to hold all the aforesaid chalice, &c., 
to the said William, my son, and to the heirs of his body issuing, 
and I will that none of my heirs, under pain of my anathema, 
disobey or break this my will. 

The residue of my jewels both silver and overgilt (superaurdt) 
I give and bequeath to John, son of my said son William, 
and to the heirs males of his body lawfully begotten (&c. as 
before). 

Item, I bequeath to the said William, son of my said son 
William, all my iron (ferrum) and all my " oode " [woad] 
which is in my cellar (celario) at Shirborne aforesaid. 

Item, to Agnes, daughter of the said William, my son, 40/2. 

Item, to Alice, the other' (altero) daughter of the said 
William, 40/2". to be paid out of my debts (de debitis meis 
solvend). 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 
to my executors, to do therewith as shall seem to them most 
expedient for my soul ; and I ordain the said William, my son, 
and Thomas Cosyn, my clerk, executors of this my will. 

And whereas my seal is unknown to many, I have procured 
the common seal of the Abbess and Convent of the House of 
the B.V.M. of the Cistercian order of Tarent in the said county 
of Dorset, to be affixed to these presents. 

Proved ist July, 1469, and administration committed to the 
executors. 



220 



illtlls. 



1470. JOHN POULET. 

[22 Vox.] 

ist December, A.D. 1470. I, John Poulet, make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
monastery of Boxborve, 1 before the altar of the Blessed Mary of 
Pity (de Peteo) in the south part of the church aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the Prior and Convent of the said 
monastery 200 marks, for a mass to be celebrated there daily, 
and to be said between the seventh hour and the eighth hour 
for ever. 

Item, I bequeath to the parish church of Basing 40^., and to 
the chapel of the Holy Trinity there 40^. 

Item, to the fraternity of the Holy Ghost of Basing- 
stoke, 2cxr. 

Item, to the cathedral church of St. Swithin of Win- 
chester, 20 s. 

To the church of the monastery of Hide next Win- 
chester, 2OS. 

To the parish church of Fisherton Delamere in co. Wiltes, 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Bromeley 6^. 8d. 

Item, to the parish church of Nony in co. Somerset, 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to my chantry there, to make ornaments 
there, loos. 

Item, I will that one thousand masses shall be said for my 
soul immediately after my decease, in as short a time as they 
can be said ; and also following upon those (in consequent?} that 
the trental (tricenale) of St. Gregory shall be said for my soul. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed, my debts 
being first paid and satisfied, I give and bequeath to Eleanor, 
my wife, and John, my son, that they may ordain and dispose 
for my soul and for the exhibition of my sons and daughters 
as shall seem to them most expedient, 
(Probate act not registered.) 

[The Official Calendar states that this will was proved in 1494.] 



1 The Benedictine priory of Boxgrave in Sussex. 



221 



1471. RICHARD DEKYN. 

[4 WATTYS. FO. 25.] 

I, Richard Dekyn of Brevton [Bruton] in the shire of 
Somerset, mercer, the " Secunday " of Septembre in the yere of 
our lord God 1471, make and ordeyne my testament and last 
will in the maner following : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in holy chirche buriell, 
where God disposith for me. 

Item, I bequeath to the chirche werkes of the chirch of 
Brewton, where I am parisshoner of, 2Os. 

Item, to the bretherhode of our lady in the same church, 
6s. %d. 

Item, to the sustentacion of the bretherhode of Saint 
Andrewe in the chirche of Welles, 2od. 

Item, I bequethe to my father John Dekyn my best gown 
and my best hode, and in money 40^. 

Item, I will that myne executors of my goodes findc an 
honest prest to sing divine service in the chirch of Brewton 
aforesaid by a hoolq yere next suyng my decesse. 

Item, I bequethe to Alianore my dough ter in money io//., to 
be delivered to hir when she comith to lawfull age or be 
maried ; with remainder, in case of her death to my wyfe, hir 
moder. 

Item, I bequethe to the child in my wife's wombe, if God 
fortune hit to have cristendome and live, 5 marc, whan it 
commyth to full age undre like condicion. 

Item, I wil that myne executours yeve to 5 poore men 
5 gownes, and also every friday by an hoole yere next ensuyng 
my decease $d., to pray for my soule. 

Item, I bequethe to Thomas Horwelle my short gowne of 
grene. 

Item, to the chirche of Miltone, \2d. 

Item, to the chirche werk of the chirche of Moore (? Mere) 20s. 

Item, to the chirche werk of the chirche of Brattone, \6d. 

Item, to the chirche of Halton (Hoi ton), I2d. 

Item, I bequethe to the chirche werkes of Saint Mildrede in 
Bredstrete of London, 2s. 8d. 



222 



A*m*r*et 



Item, to Sir John Cerne, to say a trentall masse for 
me, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to Sir John Stow ell, to pray for me, i6d. 

Item, I bequethe to Maister Robert Markham, clerk, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to the Almeshous of Lysty, 1 20d. 

Item, to John Horwelle, 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequethe to eche of Ede, Alice and Agnes, my wife's 
doughters, 2Od. 

Item, to William Barbour, mercer, for his labour about the 
execucion of this my testament, 40^. 

The residue of alle and everyche my goodes whatsoever they 
be, after the debtes which of right I owe paied, my burying 
made, and this my testament fulfilled, I yeve and bequethe holy 
to Johanne my wife, therewith to dispose for my soule in werkes 
of mercy and charite, as she wold I did for her in caas like, 
which same Johanne and the forsaid William Barbour of this my 
present testament I make myne executours. And there overseer 
I make and ordeigne the forsaid John Horwelle. 

In witnesse of which thinges to this present testament I have 
sette my scale, thise being witnesse : Maister Robert Markham ; 
Richard S my the, Richard Morys and others. 

Proved 1 3th November in the year abovesaid, and adminis- 
tration committed to William Barbour, with power reserved to 
commit administration, &c. 

[This will is written in English.] 



1472. JOHN SPERHAUKE. 

[19 WATTYS. FO. 138.] 

I, John Sperhauke, 2 in this form determined to express my 
proper will, and this note of my will was prepared with my own 
hand on the Feast of the Annunciation, 1472. 

Item, for the good of my soul I bequeath to each priest 

1 A portion of Bruton is still called Lusty. In a terrier of 14 Ric. II it is called 
I.isthullc. (Bnilon Cartulary, S.R.S., viii, p. 20.) 

- The margin has " 'Icstamentuni Magistri Johannis Sperhaivke" 



223 



(sacerdoti) in the parish church of Hychym, there being joined 
to them Sir William de Byggyng, 4^. under this form, that 
they shall pray for me for thirty days one after another 
(continues)^ the first day in the solemn exequies, and on the 
remaining said days they shall say that collect which is said in 
trentals with private exequies if they are able, but I call God to 
witness (contestor deum) that I do not wish to burden them too 
heavily. 

Item, I bequeath to the house of the Carthusians at London 
26s. 8</., to be distributed proportionately among the brethren, 
but let a double portion be reserved to the Lord Prior, and let 
them have in trust to pray for me to the Lord (fiducialiter orent 
pro me ad dominunt). 

Item, I bequeath 26s. $d. to be distributed in like form at 
the monastery of Denney among the nuns there (inoniales\ once 
at the said exequies and mass, but on the following days 
let each of the priests (sacerdotuut] at the mass devoutly say 
that collect " Dens cui proprium " for so many days as he shall 
receive pence, and let each nun for like days (per tot) say " de 
profundis " with the said collect. 

Item, I bequeath to Pembroke College 26s. 8d., to be 
distributed among the fellows, and let each of the scholars 
(discipulorum) have 8^., and let them say exequies once together 
with mass of requiem, and let each priest (sacerdos) of that 
college have me in memory (Jiabcat mei menwriani] for so many 
days as he shall receive pence, with that collect daily said "Dens 
cui propriu m" 

Item, I bequeath to the library of the same college two 
excellent books, to wit, Augustine on John and Gorrham on 
Luke. 

Item, to the treasury to be distributed between the fellows 
(thesaui? inter libros distribuend inter socios) my book of ethics 
and politics, or to be placed in the library if they wish. 

Item, to the monastery of Stonle, 2Os. to be distributed in 
form abovesaid, as I have previously declared with regard to the 
Carthusian house. 

Item, let the following books be restored to the said house : 
first, the ancient book of sermons written in great text (magno 
textii) ; secondly the black book of sermons bound and beginning 



224 



" Dum appropinquaret " ; the third book contains " primariu m et 
librum Dialagorum Sancti Gregorii" 

As regards the place of my burial let it be either at Abyngton 
or Hychyn ; if at Abyngton, let there be distributed among the 
poor of that parish 1 3^. 4^. ; if at Hychyn, let there be distributed 
at least 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to the library of the University a book of 
the common gloss upon (li m communis gl(? stiper) the Epistles of 
Paul. 

Item, to the same library, if it be not found there " librum 
originalem " (li m orig) upon the old testament. But if it be found 
there, I bequeath the same book to the library of Pembroke 
College. But if they have the book, let it devolve to the library 
called Quenys College, to which college I bequeath 2Os. to be 
distributed among the master and his brethren (confratres) in the 
manner abovesaid as to the Carthusians. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Anise and to Sir Thomas, 
vicar of Stacheden, to each of them one noble once for the 
exequies and mass aforesaid, and on all following days for so 
many as they receive pence, let them have me in memory in the 
mass, saying for me that collect " Deus cui proprium" 

Item, to the House of Friars at Hich I bequeath 2Os., to be 
distributed in form as abovesaid. 

Item, to the House of Friars at Bedford, 2Os. to be distributed 
as abovesaid. 

Item, to the House of Syon, where Master Thomas Westaw 
presides, 26s. &/., to be distributed as aforesaid, and to him 
" cordiales recommendaciones" and the book of medicine he wrote 
with his own hand. 

Item, to Master Hugh Damelett, for a memorial of me 
(pro meo memorali}, my book with many works of the blessed 
Augustine ; and I bequeath to him one noble, and will that 2os. 
shall be delivered to him to distribute in alms as shall seem 
good to him. 

Item, to the House of Wymundle, 2Os. to be distributed in 
like manner as abovesaid. 

^ I will that at Asshill obsequies (exequie) with mass shall be 
said, and the vicar shall have 3^. 4^. for wax and the obsequies, 
and for twenty days following shall have me recommende<4 , 



n OTatofyam. 225 



(Jiabeat me recommendatunt] by saying that collect " Deus cui 
proprium" There shall be distributed in bread and drink (potii) 
5^-., or more if it be thought well (si oporteat). 

Item, there shall be distributed to the poor there $s. 

As my executors I constitute Nicholas Benike and Edmund 
Broun, to each of whom, for their labour bestowed, I bequeath 
26s. M. 

As overseer and adviser (consiliatorem) I assign John Pulter, 
and for his labour I bequeath to him the bed of the upper 
chamber, to wit, the cover, " testour " and " celour de boorde 
Alisandre" with three white "quyrtyns" belonging to the 
bed. 

Item, to Mistress Alice Pulter I bequeath the image of the 
Blessed Virgin painted on cloth, in honour of her venerable 
assumption. 

Item, to Sir John, parish priest of Puryton, I bequeath the 
book he has frequently had, to wit, the glossed psalter (librum 
quern frequencius optinuit scilicet psalterium glosatum), so that 
throughout his whole life he may pray for me. 

Item, I bequeath to William Mylys my larger clock 
(horologiuut] with all its appurtenances, and it lies under the 
altar in my study. 

If my goods will not suffice to fulfil all these things 
aforesaid, I will, and give license and power to my said 
executors with the advice of my said overseer, that they shall 
make default or withdrawal as shall seem best to them (defalcacio 
vel retracio fiaf]. 

Proved 4th February, A.D., &c., 1474, and administration 
committed to the executors, in the person of John Bevile, 
proctor, &c. 

[Testator was Prebendary of Ashill 1451-74. (See Som. Incs., p. 310.)] 



1473. JOHN WADHAM. 

[29 WATTYS. FO. 228.] 

6th August, A.D. 1473. I, John Wadeham, make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequethe my body to the sepulture of holy chirche. And 

2 G 



226 J&mnntftt 



forasmoche as I, by the grace of God, purpose to visite the 
holy lande, where oure lorde Jhesu suftred his blissed passion, 
nott knowyng the certayne of my ayen comyng, I will myne 
executours assone as they have knowyng of my dethe lett 
ordayne an obite to be hold for me att suche a place as they 
can thynke moost convenient. 

Also I will that myne executours lett ordeigne a chalys to 
the chauntrye of saint kateryne of Ilmystre, of the value of 
40.?. or better, that I may be praied for, and Elizabethe my 
wife, with my ancestres. 

Also I will the chirche of Brankescombe l have 20 Ewen 
of the best of my ground and manoir of Egge, to the store of 
the same chirche, while it may ordeine to hold an obite every 
yere the Monday next after Palmesonday, to pray for the 
soules of me, Elizabeth my wife, our children and auncestres. 

Also I will that the stuff of the chapell of Meryfelde 
remayne holy to my heires in manner and fourme as it hath 
been ordeigned by myne auncestres and by me, as it apperith 
in the masse boke of same chapell, and also in a masse boke 
of the chauntere of saint Kateryne aforesaid. 

Also upon the condicion that John myne elder sonne pay 
within a yere after my dethe knowen to my sonnes William 
and Edward his brethren, and to my doughters Jane, Margery, 
Elizabeth and Margarete, his sustres, 12/2. in money, that is 
to say every of thaim 40^., thanne I will myne executours 
deliuere him a couple of salt salers party gilt, a pouder boxe 2 
all gilte, a pece called a Tunne all gilte, a standyng pece called 
a belle, party gilte, with a rose enameled in the botome, 2 
bolle peces all white, and the oon thereof covered, a depe 
barbyng 3 basyn all white, and a dosein spones with wrethen 
knappes 4 gilte. And if God dispose that eny of hem decesse 
within the yere after my dethe knowen, I wulle that money be 
disposed for the soule or soules so decessed. 

1 Branscombe is situated between Seaton and Sidmouth. The church contains 
monuments of the Wadhams. Edge is in this parish. 

2 Powder-box probably for perfumed powder, which was much used for clothes ; 
or a caster, like a modern pepper-box. (See Bury Wills, Camden Society, p. 239.) 

3 Shaving-bason, 1639 Denton in Verney Papers (1853), 236: " Untill you send 
me a pair of barbinge sissers." (N. E. D.) 

4 For ornamented spoons see Cripps's Old English Plate, 5th ed., pp. 243-5. 



3&td)arti atte OTclle. 227 



Also I wulle my said sonne John have 6 oxen and a 
wayne at Egge, with all the apparaill thereto bilongyng of 
housbondry, and 60 ewen and 60 lamb. 

Also I wille myne executours lete fynde 2 preestes by 
an hole year, or oon preeste by the space of 2 yeres, to say 
masse and other dyvyne seruice within the chirches of 
Brankescombe and Ilton. And if my godes undisposed wulle 
not be sufficient to perfourme this my testament, I wulle it be 
levied and taken of the profites and issues of my landes, as it 
apperith by my dedes endented and written with my hande 
of my wille, which berith date 27 daye of Aprill the 13 yere 
of the reigne of Kyng Edward the 4th. 

Also I make myn executours Sir John Snysmore, parson 
of Siluereton, my brothere William Wadeham, Christopher 
Coke, John Moore of Colomptone, and John Meryfelde ; and 
I wulle that every of thaim labouryng effectually to execute 
my wille and this my testament have 2Os. 

Proved 5th December, A.D., &c., 1476, and administration 
granted, &c. 



1475. RICHARD ATTE WELLE. 

[21 WATTYS. FO. 154.] 

24th December, A.D. 1475, I, Richard atte Welle, make my 
will in this manner: 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of St. John 
the Baptist in Glaston. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells, $s. 4^. 

Item, to the use of the house of Wytham in Selwode, 20/2., 
to pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to Alice atte Welle one whole cloth (unum 
pannum integruiii) ; and to the son of the said Alice, another 
whole cloth. 

Item, to Agnes Newman, one whole cloth. 

Item, to Agnes Wylde, one whole cloth. 

Item, to Margery Godeman, four whole cloths. 

To William Godeman, one whole cloth. 



228 



To the wife of Thomas Flemmyng, 6s. 8</. 

To the wife of Henry James, 6s. %d. 

Item, I bequeath to the King's ways (viis) of Sawey l and 
Strete, 2os. 

Item, to the six lights (luminibus) of the said church of 
St. John, to each of them \2d. 

Item, to the use of the monastery of Glaston, for tithes 
forgotten and to keep my anniversary every year for ever, 40/2. 

Item, I bequeath to be distributed to the needy poor, within 
a month immediately after my decease, 20/2. 

Item, I bequeath to Hugh Gloucester and to John Aleyn, 
two whole cloths apiece. 

Item, to John Costerell, three whole cloths. 

Item, to Agnes Chaunceller, two whole cloths. 

Item, to Margaret my servant (servienti) one whole cloth. 

Item, to Hugh Holman, one whole cloth. 

Item, I bequeath to the use of the chapel of St. Benignus, 
one quarter of woad (gaide). 

Item, I will that my wife shall find a suitable secular 
chaplain in the parish church of St. John of Glastonbury 
aforesaid, for the space of three years. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath tp Joan my wife, whom I ordain my executrix. 

In witness whereof to these presents I have affixed my seal. 

Witnesses : Alexander Chaunceller ; John Costerell. 
^ Proved at Lambeth 5th February, A.D., &c., 1475, and ad- 
ministration committed to the executrix. 

[Writing of St. John's, Glastonbury, Leland says : 

" Ther lyith on the N. side of the Quier one Richard Atwell that died 
circa A.D. 1472. This Atwelle did much cost in this chirch and gave fail- 
Housing that he had buildid in the Toune onto it. In Latten called ad 
fontem. Johanna wife to Atwelle lyith buried in a lyke marbel Tumbe on 
the S. side of the Quier." (I tin., II, 72.) 

See also Collinson, II, 263 : "These 'Tumbes' are still in the church." 

Joan AtwelPs will was proved in 1485 (see/0j/).] 



1 The late Mr. F. H. Dickinson said that Sowey is a tract of land once surrounded 
with water and comprising the modern parishes of Middlezoy, Weston Zoyland, and 
Othery. (Larle's Land Charters, 426 ) 



229 



1475. MASTER JOHN POPE, S.T.P. 

[22 WATTYS. FO. 159.] 

The penultimate day of January, A.D. 1475, I, Master John 
Pope, S.T.P., canon residentiary of the cathedral church of 
Wells, and rector of the parish church of Shirde (Shere) in the 
diocese of Winchester, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
St. Gregory next the cathedral church of St. Paul of London. 

Item, I will that there shall be distributed of my goods to 
each person present at the obsequies (exequiis) and mass to be 
celebrated for the health of my soul in the cathedral church of 
Wells, as shall seem most expedient in the judgment of my 
executors. 

Item, I will and bequeath that my missal not yet entirely 
written or perfected be sold, and the money thereof coming 
shall be distributed between John Tylar and Richard Bothy 
according to the discretion of my executors. 

Item, I bequeath to William Mysent 40^., one pair of 
" ffustyans," and one pair of sheets. 

Item, to Richard Sadiller, 20^., one pair of blankets 
(lodicmri) and one pair of sheets. 

Item, to Henry Haydor, los. 

Item, to Sir John Cantewell, one bowl (crateram) called " a 
Bolle pece." 

Item, to Sir William Pope, my kinsman (cognato\ one silver 
gilt bowl. 

Item, I will that my executors shall sell six silver spoons, 
and that the money thereof coming shall be distributed amongst 
the poor parishioners of Henstregge. 

Item, I bequeath my chalice and one breviary (fortiforium) 
to the church of St. Decuman. 

Item, to William Skynner, los. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Master Richard Swanne and Sir John Hylle, whom 
I make my executors. 

These being witnesses : Sir Richard Lambert, William 
Mylcent, and John Tylar. 



230 



In witness whereof to this my present testament I have 
affixed my seal. 

Given at London. 

Proved 8 (sic), A.D., &c., 1475, and administration committed 
to Richard Swanne, clerk, in the person of Sir John Hylle, 
chaplain, his proctor, &c., and to the said Sir John Hylle, the 
executors named. 

[Between the two chantry chapels so conspicuous in the nave of Wells 
Cathedral, there existed in Collinson's time (1790) three gravestones, 
parallel to each other, commemorating the last resting-places of Hugh 
Sugar, Richard Swann and John Pope, the three executors of Bishop 
Beckington. This volume contains the wills of the Bishop (proved 1464), 
and of his three executors, the present testator (1475), Richard Swan (proved 
January, 1486-7), and Hugh Sugar (proved 1489).] 



1477. THOMAS HYWODE. 

[5 LOGGE.] 

1 4th September, A.D. 1477, I, Thomas Hywode, burgess of 
the town of Wells, make my will in this manner : 

My body to be buried in the church of St. Cuthbert, of 
Wells. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar of the same church for my 
tithes forgotten iijj. \\\}d. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said church CC. of 
" woade." 

Item, "fdbrice nove crucis portatilis" to be made in the 
said church, half a C. of " woade." 

Item, I bequeath to John, my son, a silver bowl, six silver 
spoons, and ten marks in money. 

Item, to Isabella, my daughter, a silver bowl and cover 
(coopertuni), six silver spoons, and ten marks in money. 

Item, to Richard, my son, a silver bowl, six silver spoons, 
and ten marks in money. And I will that the said bowls, 
spoons, and money be delivered to the Master (Magistro) of the 
said town and his colleagues (comparibus) to be placed in the 
common chest of the said town to be safely kept for the 
behoof of my said boys till they shall come to the age of 



l&tdjavtt Qatottr. 231 



24 years, and of my said daughter till she shall come to 
the age of 20 years, unless it shall happen that they or any 
of them be married before the said years, and if it shall so 
happen, then let the said goods be delivered to the one so 
married on the day of nuptials without any delay. And if one 
of them shall die before the terms above specified, then I will 
that the said goods be equally divided between the two then 
living. And if it happen that two of my said children die 
before the said term, then I will that all the said goods be 
divided equally between Joan, my wife, and the child so living. 
If all of my said children die before the said term, then I will 
that all the said goods shall remain to the said Joan, my wife, 
on condition that she pay to the said Master and his brethren 
iij/z., to be applied to the use of the fabric of the said church. 
And I will that the said Joan pay yearly to the Master of the 
said town for the time being for the custody of the said 
goods, xij^/. 

The residue of my goods I give to the said Joan, my wife, 
whom I make my executrix, to dispose for the health of my 
soul. I appoint Richard Vowell, supervisor of this my will. 

Proved at Knoll, i6th October, A.D. 1482. Administration 
committed to Joan, the relict, &c., in the person of Master 
William Chaunt, her proctor, &c. 



1479. RICHARD QAWTER. 

[13 LOGGE.] 

23rd March, A.D. 1479, I, Richard Gawter, bequeath my soul 
to Almighty God, and my body to be buried in the chancel of 
the church of St. Leonard of Stoke Gyfford, diocese of Bath 
and Wells. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells xx<^. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of St. Leonard of Stoke 
Gyfford \1iodie, Stoke Rodney] xxvjj., \\\}d. 

Item, I bequeath to George Tayllour a pair of sheets. 

Item, I bequeath to Roger Gybbons one pair of sheets. 

The residue of all my goods I bequeath to William Wode, 



232 &omrr$tt OTflfe. 



and I appoint the said William my executor to dispose for the 
health of my soul. 

I will that my said executor receive for his labours xxs. and 
my best tablecloth (inappam} of " diaper," my cloak (clamidem)* 
and all my books. 

Proved at Knoll, 22nd July, A.D. 1480. Administration 
granted to William Wode, the executor, &c., in the person of 
Master John Bevill, his proctor, &c. 

[1456, April 4, Richard Gavvtier, LL.B., instituted Rector of Stoke 
Gifford. 



(Sow. Incs., p. 1 88.)] 



1480. JOHN MERYPELD. 

[13 LOGGE.], 

The 25th day of February, A.D. 1480, I, John Meryfeld, of 
Downhed, make my will in this manner : 

My body to be buried in the parish church of Dolthing 
[Doulting]. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the mother church of 
Wells xx*/. 

Item, I bequeath to the chapel of St. Nicholas of Downhede 2 
\\}s. \\\}d. 

Item, I bequeath to the chapel of St. Giles of Lyeght [Leigh 
on Mendip] xx^. 

Item, to each of my godsons one sheep. 

Item, I bequeath to Isota, my daughter, xij sheep. 

Item, to Robert Hurner that he may supervise and assist my 
executors, v]s. viijW. 

The residue of all my goods, &c., I give to Alice, my wife, 
and my son, Nicholas, whom I make my executors to dispose 
for the health of my soul. 

Witnesses : Thomas at Wode, Philip Tabo r and others. 

Proved at Knoll I4th June, A.D. 1482. Administration 
committed to the said Nicholas, son and executor, &c., in the 
person of David Lougher, his proctor, &c. 



1 Lat. Chlamys (ephod, Ducange}. 

2 This will gives the true dedication of Downhead Church. Bacon's Liber Regis, 
Collinson, and the Diocesan Kalendar all give All Saints, 



233 



1481. JOHN HILLE. 

[4 LOGGE.] 

On the 1 8th day of the month of May, A.D. 1481, I, John 
Hille, of Briggewatir, in the county of Somerset, " merchaunt " 
sound of mind [&c.]. 

In primis, I bequeath my soul to God Almighty and the 
Blessed Virgin Mary, and my body to be buried in the parish 
church of Briggevatir if it shall happen that I die within seven 
" miliaria " from the church aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the Hospital of St. John of Bruggewatir, 
impropriator (proprietarius) of the church aforesaid, for my 
tithes forgotten, xxj. 

Item, to the vicar of the said church, iijs. \\\]d. 
Item, I give and bequeath to every stipendiary priest to 
celebrate (celebrant) divine services in the said church, \]s. 
Item, to every altar in the said church, \}s. 
Item, to the Warden of the house of the Friars Minors in the 
said town and the " confratres " of the same house there serving 
God, xxs. 

Item, I bequeath to Stephen, my brother, for his service 
bestowed on me, one pipe (pipam) of " woode," and one ten 
(doleuni] of iron. 

Item, I bequeath to Joan, daughter of John Stalenge, the 
reversion of that messuage with the curtilage and its appur- 
tenances in Briggevvatir wherein John Stalenge, father of the 
said Joan, now dwells, immediately after the death Thomasina, 
my wife ; to hold of the chief lords [&c.]. 

The residue of all my goods I give to Thomasina, my wife, 
to dispose for the health of my soul and the souls of all the 
faithful, as shall seem best to her, and I make the said 
Thomasina my executrix. 

Item, I will that John Stalenge, my brother, John Thorley, 
and William Gardinere be supervisors of my present testament. 
Further, I will that John Kendale be the principal supervisor 
of this my testament. 

I give to the said John Stalenge, John Thorley, William 

2 H 



234 ^omtrtftt OTflte. 



Gardinere, and John Kendale for their labours two pipes (pipas) 
of " wode." 

Proved at Knoll, nth March, A.D. 1481. Administration 
committed to Thomasina, the relict, &c. 



1481. SIMON LACY. 

[13 LOGGE.] 

The 22nd day of October, A.D. 1481, I, Simon Lacy, make 
my will in this manner : 

My body to be buried within the chancel of the chapel of 
St. Giles of Lye [Leigh on Mendip]. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the mother church, vjV. 

Item, I bequeath to the aforesaid chapel of Lye one pipe of 
woad (Gaide). 

Item, I bequeath to the parish church of Kilmerston vjs. v\\]d. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas, my son, after the death of 
Alice, my wife, twelve spoons "cum magnis buddis, atque unum 
argenteum salsorium coopertum, unumque eorum ornatum argento 
et deauratum.) ac unam stantem crateram argenteam et coopertam" 

Item, I bequeath, after the death of Alice, my wife, to Master 
Thomas Adams a silver bowl covered. 

Item, I bequeath to Ellen Lacy " unum pamnnn lanenm " of 
the worth of x\s. y or the value of the same. 

Item, I bequeath to John Lacy, xx^. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Lacy, the younger, after the 
death of Alice, my wife, "unum woodefat^ fornacemque et 
cisternam plumbeam cum pipis phtmbeis eidem pertinentibiis" 

Item, I bequeath to Simon Lacy " duos pannos laneos" of the 
worth of iiij/z. or the value of the same. 

The residue of my goods, &c., I give to the said Alice, my 
wife, which said Alice I make my executrix to dispose for the 
health of my soul, &c. 

Witnesses : Thomas Adams, bachelor " in decretis " ; Thomas 
Lacy, my son ; Thomas Bavyn, and others. 

Proved at Knoll 8th November, A.D. 1481. Administration 
committed to Alice, relict, &c., in the person of John Emlyn, her 
proctor, &c. 

1 I.e., woad-vat. 



OTlttam Cfjifot. 235 



1482. WILLIAM CHILDE. 

[2 MlLLES. FO. 10.] 

23rd August, A.D. 1482, I, William Childe, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
Westludford, if it may conveniently be done ; otherwise, where 
it shall seem more convenient to my executors. 

Item, I bequeath 40^. to be distributed among the parish- 
ioners of the church aforesaid, according to the discretion of my 
executors and the neediness (indigendam} of the parishioners. 

Item, I bequeath to the College of the Blessed Mary of 
Winchester at Oxford one " texte " l or osculatory (psculatorium^ 
of silver, carved (sculptuiti) with effigies (effigiebus) of the 
Blessed Mary and of Gabriel saluting her (earn salutantis\ in 
the custody of the said coliege (in custodia proprid). 

Item, I bequeath to the College of Winchester, another 
(aliud) of the same form {forme} in the custody of the college (in 
custodia proprid). 

Item, to the College of the Blessed Mary of Eton near 
Windsor, a third osculatory or rt texte " of like make with the 
aforesaid, carved with the Assumption of the Blessed Mary, 
in the custody of the said college (in custodia proprid). 

Item, I bequeath to the parish church of Addyrbyry next 
Banbury in the county of Oxford, a fourth osculatory (pscula- 
toriuni) like the third, in the custody of the church (in custodia 
proprid). 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas, my brother, at Addyrbury, 
co. Oxon, if he be then alive (otherwise to his wife and his sons 
and daughters, living in those parts), 40$. 

Item, I bequeath 2Os. to be distributed to my other kindred 
(cognatis) there, at the discretion of the vicar there, and in 
accordance with their neediness, to pray for my soul. 

1 " Texte " must mean pax-brede (see Prompt. Parv. y 388), an ornament by which 
the kiss of peace was given. The rule of Sarum was to send the pax just before 
communion to all the faithful present, and it was given by kissing a small plate of 
ivory with a handle behind, Two of these paxes of English work are figured in Lee's 
Glossary, 



236 



&<mu!tt OTtlte. 



Item, I bequeath 2Os. to be distributed amongst other poor 
parishioners there, to pray for my soul and the soul of Master 
John Clerke, formerly vicar there. 

Item, I bequeath to the vicar there, to celebrate exequies 
and mass and mass of requiem for the souls aforesaid, iod., and 
to each priest (sacerdott) of the church aforesaid present at the 
exequies and mass, 6*/., and to each parish clerk, 3</., and to the 
warden (custodt) of the church for pulling [the bell] (pro 
ptdsacione), \2d. 

Item, I bequeath to the parish church of Westludford one 
suit (sectani) of vestments for the priest (sacerdoti\ deacon, and 
sub-deacon, of " Blew velwett," to the honour of the Blessed 
Mary and all saints to whom the said church is dedicated 
(dedicator). 

Item, I bequeath to the said church one new missale on the 
2nd folio after the Kalendar "Semper nuper" (secundo fo post 
Kalendare / Semper nuper /). 

Item, to the College (Collegia) of the " Anuellarii" of Wells, 
one new legend (legenduni), for the whole year, to be chained 
(caihenandam) in the chapel there to the use of the associates 
(sodoruut) of the said College on the 2nd folio " P ropier hoc" 
(2 fo. propter hoc). 

Item, I bequeath to the said church of Westludford one 
pair of vestments of white " Sarcinat" 1 with flowers and red 
(rubid) embroidery (parrurd). 

The residue of all and singular my goods I give and 
bequeath to Master John Blagden, to dispose for the health of 
my soul as shall seem best to him ; and I make my executors 
Master John Riche and the said Master John Blagden. 

Proved loth May in the year abovesaid, and administration 
granted, &c. (N.B. The last probate act which is dated is of 
the year 1487.) 



1 Saracen-net, a thin silk first used in the thineenth century, the name being derived 
from its Saracenic or Oriental origin. (Planche's Cyclopedia of Costume,} 



Walter JSafccr. 



1482. JOHN HOCHYN. 

[13 LOGGE.] 

On the Feast of St. Bartholomew the Apostle, A.D. 1482, I, 
John Hochyn, " wever " and burgess of the city of Wells [&c.], 
and my body to be buried within the church of St. Cuthbert, of 
Wells, before the altar of the Holy Cross in the nave of the 
said church. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the same church one 
quarter of " waide " (woad). 

Item, to the parish church of St. Matthew of Woky 
v]s. v'rijd. 

Item, to Sir Richard Hochyn, clerk, my brother, xx^. in 
money, and a silver bowl (craterant). 

Item, to Joan Latyn, my sister, one quarter of " wayde." 

Item, to Edith, my sister, a gown (togaui) of blue colour 
and vjs. v\\]d. in money. 

Item, to John Elis and Margaret, his wife, one quarter of 
" waide." 

Item, to Sir Thomas Clyff, chaplain, vjs. viijW. 

Item, to Welthiana, my female servant, xk 

The residue of all my goods I give to Joan, my wife, and 
John Calcott, husband of Joan my daughter, whom I make my 
executors [&c.]. 

I will that the said Richard Hochyn, my brother, be 
supervisor of this my testament. 

Proved at Knoll the last day of September, A.D. abovesaid. 
Administration committed to John Calicott, the executor, &c. 



1482. WALTER BAKER. 

[7 LOGGE. FO. 56.] 

1482, January 26th. I, Walter Baker of Wells in the county 
of Somerset, make my will in this manner : 

I give my body to be buried in the church of St. Cuthbert 
in Wells, before the altar of St. Nicholas there. 



Item, I bequeath to the works of the church of St. Andrew 
in Wells, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the works of the church of St. Cuthbert aforesaid, 
6s. &/. 

Item, to the four chaplains in the said church of St. Andrew, 
daily celebrating for the soul of Nicholas Bugwith [Bp. Nich. 
Bubwith] in a chapel there called Bugwith Chapel, $s. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to my son and heir William all my lands 
and tenements in Wells, and in the fields and suburbs thereof, 
to hold to him, his heirs and assigns for ever after the death of 
my wife Isabella. 

Item, I will that after my death the said Isabella shall find 
an honest priest to celebrate for my soul in the said church 
of St. Cuthbert, at the altar of St. Nicholas, for one entire 
year. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to the said 
Isabella, whom 1 make my executrix. 

Proved /th October, 1483, and commission granted to the 
executrix named in the person of Henry Wodeland, her proctor 
in this behalf; the inventory is to be delivered in before St. 
Andrew's day next. 



1483. RICHARD CHOKKE, KNT. 

[21 LOGGE.] 

The third day of July JVHcccclxxxiij I Richarde Chokke 
knyght one of the Kinges Justices of the comon Place beyng in 
my good and hole mynde and memory thanked be Almyghty 
God [&c.] My body to be buried if God woll in the parissh 
Chirch of Asshton in the counte of Somersett in my chapell 
there And that there be made a scuptnr making mencion of the 
day moneth and yer of my decesse Also I woll that myn 
expenses funeralx be don honestly w l oute pompe or bost after 
the sadde discrecion of myn executo r s underwretyn And that 
ther be gevyn to every pour man and woman comyng to the 
seid chirch of Aishton the day of my burying ]ct to pray for 
my soule. 



Cftoftfce, to. 239 



Also I bequeth vnjs. iiij< to be distributed by my seid 
executo r s the day of my decesse or els the day of my burying 
for C. masses than to be song w'in and nyghe aboute the towne 
of Bristow for my soule and all cristen soules that is to sey for 
euery masse ]d. 

Also I woll that ther be done dayly duryng xxx dayes next 
ensuyng after my seid decesse dirige and masse for my soule 
solempnely by note in the seid chirch of Asshton after the 
discrecion of my seid executo r s And that the prestes and clerkis 
beyng present and helpyng at my burying and at everich of the 
seid diriges and masses be rewarded after the discrecion of myn 
executours. 

And also I will that myne executours at thende of the seid 
xxx dayes do to be holden myn enterment and provyd that ther 
be had at the same xij torches and iiij tapers of conuenient 
weight the same xij torches to be holden by xij pore men some 
of them of my tenantes and some of other And that eu 9 yche of 
the seid xij poure men have for his labo 1 ' and to pray for my 
soule a long gowne of blak frise 1 or white and iiij^. in money. 

Also I woll that at the same myn enterment ther be made a 
conuenient repaste of mete and drink to all thos that than shall 
corn to the same And that ther be gevyn by myn executours to 
euery poure man and woman comyng to my seid enterment ]ct. 
to pray for my soule. 

And after my seid enterment don I geve and bequeth 
asmoch as than shalbe lefte and remayne unspent of the seid xij 
torches and iiij tapers in maner and forme as folowith, that is to 
sey, two torches and the seid iiij tapers to the seid Church of 
Assheton, ij torches thereof to the chirch of Staunton Drewe, 
one torch therof to the parish chirch of Chewe, a nother to the 
parish chirch of Pensford, a nother to the parish chirch of 
Publowe, another to the parish chirch of Norton, another to the 
parish chirch of Lye byside Assheton, another to the parish 
chirch of Cameley, another to the parish chirch of Chelworth, 
another to the parish chirch of Bedmynster. 

Also I woll that my executours fynde an honest seculer 

* Frieze, a coarse woollen cloth, thick and warm, much used by the lower classes 
for jerkins, doublets, and gowns. (Fairholt's Costume in England.} 



240 



prest to syng for my soule and the soule of Johane late my wiff, 
and of my fader and moder and for the soules of William, John, 
William, Johane, John and John and for the soules that I am 
to do or pray for by the space of x yens after my decese if I 
make none other ordnance or prouysion for a preste to sing 
perpetually in the seid chirch of Assheton to pray for my seid 
soule the soules aforeseid and all cristen soules. 

Also I bequeth to the vicar of the seid chirch of Assheton 
for my thithes and offeringes forgotyn or necligently with holden 
xxs. And to the vicar of the seid chirch of Staunton for like 
cause x 

Also I bequeth to the reparacion of the moder chirch of saint 
Andrewe thappostell in Wellis vjs. v\\]<f. 

Also I bequeth to the workf of the seid chirch of Staunton 
Drewe xiij iiij<f. 

Also I bequeth to the reparacion of the chapell of our Lady 
of Chewe, vj.f. v'njtf. 

To the reparacion of the chapell of Pensford, vj viij^ 

To John Chokk my son ij playn basyns and ij Ewres of 
silver with which I am dayly servyd whan Strangers comen unto 
me ij salt salers of silver and overgilt w l one couer to the same 
which I had of Maister John Bernard and a litle chalice ij small 
cruettes and a pax of silver one standing Cup of silver ungilt two 
chaced peces of silver w l one coueryng ij salt salers of silver with 
one coueryng a dosen complete of my silver vesselt such as the 
seid dame Margaret my wiff wole assigne hym to haue and also 
my londis and tenementes that I have in Lamporte to haue to 
hym and to his heiris of his body laufully begotyn in full 
payment of the sume specified in the indentures of manage 
made betwene John Wroughton and me So that the same John 
Wroughton sele and as his dede delyver to my seid executours 
a general acquietaunce of all maner accions personalx [&c.]. 

To Richard Chokk my son ij standing peces couered one of 
silver anothir gilt ij salt salers of siluer di' gilt such as the seid 
Dame Margaretc wole assigne, the C. mark which my Cosyfi 
Will a m Carent gaf hym and ouer that xxxiij//. vjs. viij^f. 

Also I bequeth to my son Will a m Chokke a stonding Cup 
couered of silver such as the seid Dame Margarete wole assigne, 
also a goblet which Walter late Abbot of Keynsham his 



Ci)ofeitt, But. 241 



godfader gaf me for hym Also a pott of silver and xx li / in 
money to contynue his residence. 

I bequeth to my son Thomas Chokke ij standing Cuppes 
couered one of silver a nother gilt xij spones of silver ij salt 
salers of silver one therof couered two flatt peces one therof 
couered such as the s^id dame Margarete woll assigne an CM. 
in money. 

Also I bequeth to my doughter Elizabeth and to my son 
Seymour her husbond a standing Cupp of silver covered such as 
my seid wifT vvole assigne and xx^/z. in money And I forgeue 
them the x/z. that I lent to them so that my seid son Seymo r 
trouble not inyn executours for no mater. 

Also I bequeth to my doughter Johane and to her husbond a 
standing Cupp of silver couered suche as the seid dame 
Margarete wole assigne and xx tj /z. in money A nd I forgeue them 
the x/z. and the iiij/z. that I lent them. 

Also I bequeth to Richard Chokk my godson son of John 
Chokke -x.lt. 

To the Abbot of Keynsham xx.f. to the prio r there vjs. vnjtf. 
to the suppriour there iijs. iiij^. And to euery other chanofi there 
xxd. to pray for me and to se that my masse that I have at 
Keynsham be truly contynued. 

Also I bequeth to the Abbot of Glastonbury xs. to the 
Prior of the same place iijJ. \\\}d. And to euery other monk 
there xijd 

Also I bequeth to the Priour of Bathe vjs. vi\]d. to the 
suppriour there iijs. \\\}d. And to euery other monk there xijd 

Item I bequeth to the Rectour of Edingdon vjs. viijtf. And to 
euery broder ther x\]d. 

Also I bequeth to the Priour and couent of euery ordre of 
Freris of Bristowe vjs. viijt?. 

To the Freres of Evelchestre vjs. vnjtf. 

To the Freres of Briggewater vjs. v]d. 

To John Staunton xx mark in money. 

To William Clerk C.s. 

To John Slegge that is dwelling with me x/z. 

To the seid Dame Margarete my wiff CC./z. sterlinge and all 
the plate and goodes I hadde w l her and my thre best basyns 
and the ewers of silver to the same iij basyns belonging Also ij 

2 J 



242 



gtmtttet 



my best standyng cuppis of silver and ouer gilt ij my best salt 
salers gilt ij pottes of silver vj my best gilt sponys and ij dosyn 
sponys of silver and a spone to ete grene gynger with, all three 
chaced peces of silver with one coueryng a flat pece of silver and 
ouergilt with a coueryng a layer 1 and a paxe brede 2 of silver and 
ouergilt. 

Also I woll that the seid dame Margarete my wiff have the 
occupacion rule keping and gouernaunce of all the residue of my 
jewelles plate stuff of my chapell stuff of houshold and of all my 
other goodes and catals aboue not bequethid Except my money 
gold and silver coigned duryng her lyff naturall yf she kepe her 
silf sole and be not maried. 

I bequeth to my said wiff all my londes and tenementes that 
I have in the towne of Bristowe or ony man to myn use except 
one messuage lying in Redclevestrete which was Will a m late 
Lord Boterax and ij messuages lying in the same strete 
which I bought of Will a m Baner to haue unto the same dame 
Margarete except afor excepted duryng her lyff. 

Also I woll that the same dame Margarete haue the kepyng 
rule and gouernaunce of euerich of the doughters of John 
Hampton squyr and of all ther londes and tenementes in 
Estharptre unto the tyme they come to ther full age and to 
fynde them and to reward them by her discrecion at the tyme 
of ther manages. And I woll that the seid Chokkf my son 
haue the third parte of all the same londis and tenementes 
imrnediatly after my seid decesse if any of the seid doughters 
be maried unto the same Thomas. 

I bequeth an. C./z. to be disposid and distributed by my 
seid executours in mariagf of the doughters of John and 
Richard my sones and of the doughters of Elizabeth and 
lohane my doughters and xx/z. in amending of feble weyes 
and brigges. And I will that after the deth of my seid wiff 
John my son haue all my hangynges beddinge stuf and hustil- 
mentes longing to the hall parlur chambers Chapell kechin 
and other houses of my maner of Assheton that remaynen 
utispent and un wasted by the discrecion of my seid wiff, and 

1491 a layer of silver 



1 See N.E.D. under lair: it means a ewer (lavacrum). 
ouer gilt." (Will of Vaughan, Somerset House.) 

2 Pax brede, or osculatory. 



Cijafefu, Hut. 243 



all other goodes and catalx of the seid residue than remaynyng 
unspent except the money afor excepted and the place not 
bequethyn be disposid by my seid wifT an:! after her discrecion. 
And I vvoll that my money and plate that remayneth un- 
bequethyn be kept by my seid executours for the defence of 
my londes and tenementes that I have bought, and for the 
clering therof yf nede be and restor iniuries that I haue don. 
And yf any thing therof remayne aboue that as I trust to God 
it wole Than I wole that such money and plate remaynyng be 
by the advise of my seid wiff delyvered to my seid son John 
to help hym to cler the lande which I yaf hym and his 
brethern And also for to pray for my said soule and the 
soules aforseid. 

Also I require my executours that yf any person e or 
persones complayne upon me for any mysdoing wrong or 
iniurye doofi by me to hym or them that than they may be 
restorede and recompensed therof according to right goode 
feith and conscience by the sad and wise discrecion of my 
executours and of my seid son John. 

And of this my testament I make myn executours the seid 
dame Margarete my wiffe Will a m Spenser of the towne of 
Bristow maister Nicholas Pyttes vicar of the parich Chirch of 
our Lady of Redcleue of Bristowe maister Thomas Dultyng 
Clerk to execute all the premisses. And I woll that the seid 
Will a m Spenser maister Nicholas Pyttes and maister Thomas 
Dultyng be rewarded for ther labours after the sad discrecion 
of the said dame Margarete. 

I name to be ouerseers of this my testament my seid sonnes 
John, William, Richard and Thomas And I require and 
charge my seid sonnes uppofi my blissing that they nor none 
of them presume or take upon them in any wise to lette or 
make impediment of this my testament [&c.] And more ouer 
I the seid Richard Chokke knyght reuoke repell and ulterly 
adnull every other testament and bequest by me made [&c.]. 

[Probate blank.] 



244 



1483. DAME MARGARET CHOCKE. 

[9 LOGGE.] 

The first day of the monyth of Septembre in the yere of oure 
Lord MCCCClxxxiij I Dame Margarete Chocke late wyff of 
Syr Richard Chocke knyght oofi of the Kynges Justice of the 
Comyn Place [&c.] and my body to be beried in the Chirch of 
Aishton by my hosbond sir Richard Chocke. 

To the Cathedral Chirch of Wellis vjs. 

Also I will that the prisoners of Newgate in Bristow have 
every weke till the xij th monyth be passid after my decese a 
dosyn of brede. 

Also I will that vd. be gevyn wekely to the poreste in 
Aysheton during xij monyth after my decese so that yt be 
delyvered the Fridayes. 

To John Langley vj mark yerely during iiij yeres forto goo 
to Oxford to scole And that he be preste as sone as he may 
be for yeres. 

I will that my shepe of Lekhampton be sold and that 
Norwode by them to ffor ony other man yf that he will and that 
the money ther of be dyvided by twyxt my Cosyn Thomas 
Straunge and Leonard Medelton half to the toone of them and 
half to the tother. And as for the Oxen that the Fermo r of 
Lekhampton hath of myn and the corne that is to sey the iij de 
sheff I will that yt be dyvided by twene John Barynger and 
Nicholas Baringer his brother half to the toone and halff to the 
tother to pray for me. 

I bequeth to the Chapell of saint John Baptist of Charleton xxs. 

To Chirchhynton upon the Hill in Gloceto r shyre x 

I will that xx/z. be sett to amend badde weyes in Gloceto r - 
shire for the soule of my husbond William Gyfford and me, and 
that yt be Pyyth Causey as y have lett make in Aysheton. 

I bequeth euery of the iiij orders of Freris in Bristow xs. 

To the Freris of Yevilcester xs., and to the prisoners of 
Yevilcestre xs. 

I will that my executo r s reward my seruauntes as Richard 
Baker and Thomas Coke more than ony other. 

For William Denis that wayted upon me vj viij^f. 

To Jenyn his son and to his wyff xxs. 



245 



To Allhalow Chirch of Aisheton my gown of blew feluett 
my kyrtill of blew damaske and my profession ryng and a 
couerlet of tapstry werke w 1 eglis to ley before the hyght auter 
in principall festes and other tymes to be occupyed on a bedde 
in the chauntry house to kepe yt from mothes And I will that 
the procurators of the seid Chirch se that yt be done. And as 
for my shepe,oxen kyen and swyne I will that thei be sold for 
to make money therof And I will that all my money rentes and 
dettes that ben owing to me w l all my other goodis thatther ben 
sett in charitable dedis w l all the ovirplus therof And when my 
will and bequethis ar fulfillid and performyd I will the place of 
Worspringe have x/z. to the bylding of ther place to pray for my 
husbonde sir Richard Chock, William Gyfford and for me. I 
will that my executo r s lete make a wyndow in Aisheton Chirch 
of iij dayes \i.e. lights] and glace y t as the thodir wyndowes beth w l 
my husbondis armys and myn undir neth the ymages And saynt 
Sonday 1 be the ton of the ymagis and saynt Gregory is the tother. 

Of this my last will I make myn executo r s sir John Nevton 
knyght, M r docto 1 " Borton vicary of saynt Colas in Bristow and 
sir Heugh Walbrond my preste. 

I will that sir John Nevton knyght have for his labo r xx/z. 
and M r Borton vicar of saynt Colas x markes and sir Hugh 
Walbrond a Cs. 

Proved at Knoll 8th October, A.D. 1484. Commission to John 
Nevton, knight. 



1483. JOHN WHELER. 

[8 LOGGE. FO. 58.] 

Monday, the 22nd day of September, A.D. 1483, I, John 
Wheler, chaplain, of Briggewater, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chapel of the 
B.V.M. in the parish church of Briggewater. 

1 Mr. R. Garraway Rice, Y. S.A., has most kindly allowed me to give the 
following extract from the will of John Topyn of Ripe, co. Sussex, dated 1493 : 
" Imagini sancti Donrinici vocaf Seint Sonday" Mr. Rice has hereby solved a 
problem which has long baffled archaeologists. 



246 



Item, I bequeath to the perpetual " modernus " vicar (vicario 
perpetuo moderno] of the parish church aforesaid 3^. ^d. 

Item, to each priest {presbitero) of the said church, $d. 

Item, to the three clerks of the said church, \2d. 

Item, to the two wardens (gardianis) being in the said 
church, 8d. 

Item, to the altar of St. Katherine of the said church, $lbs. of 
wax and 2od. ; to the altar of St. Gregory, ^Ibs. of wax and 2Od. 

Item, to the altar of the Holy Trinity, $lbs. of wax and 2od. 

Item, to the altar of St. Erasmus, ^Ibs. of wax and 2od. 

Item, I will and grant that Alice Lye, of Briggewater, shall 
have and hold half a burgage in " le Weststrete " in Briggewater 
wherein John Clement now dwells, the quarter (quarterium) of 
one burgage there which Walter Martyn, Bedeman, now holds, 
and half a burgage in " le Frerynstrete " there, wherein the said 
Alice now dwells, for the term of her life ; and after her 
decease I will and grant that the premises shall remain to John 
Kendale, John Drewe, Robert Philipp, rector of Chilton, John 
Bartelett, John Moddeslyghe arid Thomas Haberfelde, their 
heirs and assigns for ever, to hold of the chief lords of that fee, 
&c. The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to John Drewe, whom I make my true executor, to 
dispose for my soul and the souls of my benefactors as to him 
shall seem best. And I ordain Sir Robert Phelipp, rector of 
Chilton, and John Bartlett, abovenamed, overseers of this my 
will. And I will that the said Sir Thomas (sic) shall have 
for his labour one silver cup now in his hands, and that the 
said John Bartelett shall have for his labour 2Os. 

Proved at Knoll 26th January in the year abovesaid, and 
administration committed to John Drewe. 



1483. THOMASINE HILLE. 

[l8 LOGGE.] 

On the last day of January, A.D. 1485, I, Thomasina Hille, 
late the wife of John Hille, of Briggewater, merchant [&c.]. 

My body to be buried in the parish church of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, of the said town, by my husband. 



pftlle. 



247 



Item, I bequeath to the great altar of the church aforesaid 
my gown (togam) of " violet " in grayne furred (penulaf) 
ornanend comparend ad honorem Dei et ecctie ft dee. 

Item, I bequeath to Master Richard Croke, the vicar there, 
one gown (togairi) of " violet in grayne penula? " formerly 
" uxoris mee " (sic) to pray for our souls. 

Item, to each altar of the said church, \]s. 

Item, to each priest serving in the said church, ij^. 

Item, to the Friars Minors of the same town to pray for our 
souls, xx.y. 

Item, I bequeath to build anew a sufficient house built for 
poor men to dwell in for ever in the town aforesaid xl/z. of 
lawful money of England, of the bequest of my husband in his 
life, that the said poor men may pray for the souls of John 
Hille, Thomesina his wife, of our parents, and of all the faithful 
deceased. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Philip two pipes (pipas) 
of woad (gaide). 

Item, to Nicholas Jobe one pipe of woad. 

Item, to Joan, daughter of the said Nicholas, my best girdle 
(zonam) ornamented (harnisctf} with silver, and gilt. 

Item, to John Stallinch one pipe of woad. 

Item, to Margaret, his wife, my gown (togam) of blue (blod) 
colour " penulat" and my next best girdle of blue ornamented 
(blodii coloris harnisat x ineliori}. 

Item, to the said John Stallinch one " Fethirbede" the next 
best (x meliori}. 

Item, to Thomas Stallinge, son of the said John, xxj. 

Item, I bequeath to Joan, his wife, my gown of " Russett " 
furred with black skin {penulat cum pelle nigro] and my red 
(rubeum) [girdle] " cum argento harnisat" and one small red one 
" non harnisal" 

Item, I will that all my necessary vessels (vasa) and the 
appurtenances of my kitchen shall be divided equally between 
the sons of the said John Stallinche and the sons of the said 
Joan, my sister. 

Item, I bequeath to Agnes Russell, late my servant, one 
pair of beads {precum) of " corall " with * singill gaudiis argent 
et deauraf" 



248 



To Sir John Roche, my chaplain, xxj., to pray for our souls. 

The residue of all my goods, &c , I will that they be sold, 
and of those monies my debts to be paid, and to be distributed 
to the poor to pray for our souls and the souls of all our 
benefactors and of all faithful Christians deceased by the 
discretion of the said Nicholas, Thomas, Philip, and John 
Stallinche, whom I appoint my executors, that they may 
dispose for the health of our souls. 

Witnesses : Master Richard Croke, John Frensh, William 
Russell, Ralph Berne, and others. 

Proved at Lambeth 22nd November, in the year of our 
Lord aforesaid. Administration committed to Nicholas Jobe 
and John Stallinge in the person of Master John Sheffeld, his 
proctor. 



1484. JOHN COMPTON. 

[9 LOGGE.] 

The third day of May, A.D. 1484, I, John Compton, clothman, 
of Bekyngton [&c.]. 

My body to be buried in the parish church of Bekington. 

Item, to the fabric of the mother church of Wells njs. iiijW. 

Item, to the church of Bekington viij/z., which sum is in the 
hands of Master John Sayntmaur, gentleman. 

Item, I bequeath to the light (lumen) of the high cross of the 
said church three cows. 

Item, to the parish church of Lolyngton a reliquary (unam 
tabulamj- for the altar of the same church. 

Item, I bequeath to every son and to every daughter begotten 
by my wife Mariona .C. marks. 

Item, I bequeath to my wife Mariona .C./z. in counted money 
and in woollen cloth (pannis laniis) xl/z. 

Item, I bequeath to John, my eldest son, begotten by my 
other wife, a silver cup (ctphutri) and ij '* balls de Wod" and to 
every son and daughter of John Compton, the elder, begotten 
by [my] other wife one piece of woollen cloth (pannum laniwri) 
of the worth of xxxs. 

1 Tabula, inter vasa ecclesiastica Sanctorum Reliquiis scepius ornata. (Ducange.) 



Cfjcmas Harder. 249 



Item, I bequeath to Thomas Compton five pieces (pannos 
lanios) of the worth of vj/z. xs. 

Item, I bequeath to Phillippe Cupper, x\s. 

Item, I bequeath to John Hill, "wever," one piece (unum 
pannum laniutn) of the worth of x\s. 

Item, I bequeath to the rector of the church of Bekyngton 
for tithes forgotten and to pray for my soul and for those to 
whom I am bound xxs. 

Item, I bequeath to find a fit and honest chaplain to pray 
specially and to celebrate for my soul and for the souls of all 
for whom I am bound for five years following my decease, 
50 marks. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Bekyngton to find a light 
(lumen) before the image of the Holy Trinity and my anniversary 
yearly one close which is called " Pylkys " (unain clausam que 
vocatur Pylkys). 

The residue of all my goods I give to John Compton, the 
elder, begotten by [my] other wife, Thomas Compton, my 
brother, and John Hille, " Wever," whom I make my executors, 
that they dispose and ordain for the health of my soul, as shall 
seem best to them, and that they provide (prdinenf] all necessary 
victuals for my sons and daughters till they come to lawful age. 

Item, I constitute William Knoyle, my supervisor, to fulfil 
my last will. 

In witness whereof I, Thomas Roley, rector of Bekyngton, 
have set my seal together with the seal of the said deceased 
which is in the end of this testament, and the seal of the Rector 
on the back. 

Proved at Knoll i8th May, A.D. abovewritten. Administra- 
tion to the executors named. 



1484. THOMAS LARDER. 

[9 LOGGE.] 

The 3rd day of the month of June, A.D. 1484, I, Thomas 
Larder, parishioner of Mertock, diocese of Bath and Wells, make 
my will in this manner : 

My body to be buried within the church there. 

2 K 



250 domttttt 



Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells vjs. 

Item, to the parish church of Mertock v]s. v\\]d. 

Item, to the vicar there vjs. viijV. 

Item, I bequeath to Margery, my wife, all utensils and all 
my other goods being within my house of Mertock at the time 
of making this will. 

Item, I bequeath to William, my son, all my sheep which I 
have at Westkyngton at the time aforesaid, within the diocese 
of Sarum. 

All my other goods I give to Margery, my wife, and William, 
my son, and I make them my executors. 

Proved " in palacio Cant" 28th August in the year above- 
written. Administration committed to Margery, the relict, &c. 

Power reserved, &c. 



1484. JOAN MUDEPORD. 

[10 LOGGE. FO. 76.] 

I, Joan Mudeforde, widow, of Glaston, in the diocese of Bath 
and Wells, 4 June, A.D. 1484, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
St. John the Baptist of Glaston, before the image of St. Erasmus, 
bishop and martyr. 

Item, I bequeath to the four principal lights (luminaribus) 
of the said church of St. John, i6d, to be divided in equal 
portions. 

Item, to the image of the blessed Mary in the chapel of the 
said church, one gold ring, with one kerchief (peplo).^ 

Item, to the image of St. Katherine of the said church, one 
gold ring. 

Item, I bequeath for the restoration (restauracione) of the 
principal silver cross (principalis cruets argentee), with images to 
be placed around it (circumponendis) of St. Mary and St. John, 
in the said church, 5 nobles. 

Item, I bequeath (lego) that all the utensils of my house, viz., 

pots, dishes (patene), cooking-pots (cacabi\ morters (mortarid), 

beds, bedding (lectisterina), and vessels of " pewter," and the like 

things, with basins and ewers (cum pelvis et lavatoriis) and the 

See Prompt. Parv., p. 272, note 2. 



Joan il&u&efortJ. 251 



like, but not silver or gilt vessels, be equally divided between 
Thomas Mudeforde, my son, and Joan Mudeforde, my 
daughter. 

Item, I bequeath to Joan Edmundis, my servant (servienti), 
one whole cloth. 

Item, to Alice Newman, formerly my servant (servientt), one 
entire cloth (unum pannum integrum). 

Item, to the Abbot of Adillney, one entire best cloth of 
blue (blodii) colour. 

Item, to the Carthusian house of Forme (sic) Selwode, in the 
said diocese, one maser (murram) silver gilt. 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of Badcum, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to Joan Hygyns, wife of William Hygyns, one rosary 
(oraculum) of coral (de coralld}. 

Item, to Joan Mudforde, my daughter, my best gown, a 
tunic (tunicam) called " Kyrtill," and my best barred girdle 
(zonam stipatam\ and my best rosary (oraculum). 

Item, I bequeath my best kerchief (peplum) ^ ut fiat corporate 
super altar" of St. Erasmus, when it shall be made (fabricatum) 
in t'te said church of St. John the Baptist. 

Item, I bequeath another kerchief (peplum\ fora canopy over 
the host at the said altar (ut sit in canapum circa eukaristiam 
supra autenticum altar ejusdem ecclesie) of St. John the Baptist. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir Peter, perpetual (frotunc) 1 chaplain 
of the said parish church, 6s. 8d. 

The residue of all my t kerchiefs (peploruvt) not bequeathed I 
bequeath to Joan Mudeforde, my daughter. 

And all the residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Thomas Mudeforde, my son, with the oversight of 
William Hygyns. 

These being witnesses : Master Peter Motyfi, parish 
chaplain there; Sir William Morsilk and John Palle, chaplains 
celebrating in the said church. 

Proved at Knoll i6th December in the year abovesaid, and 
administration committed to the executor in the person of 
Master Nicholas Collis, proctor, &c. 

1 Pro tune. "Pro tune, pro nunc, formula qua tempus prsesens et futurum 
significatur. " (Ducan^e.) 



252 



1484. JOHN SAMPSON. 

[45 MlLLES.] 

10 February, A.D. 1484, I, John Sampson, make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of St. George 
of Bekinton, before the altar of St. John the Evangelist. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells, 1 2d. 

To the church of Bekynton, $s. ^d. 

To the light of St. John the Baptist, 2Os. 

To the light of St, Christopher, 2Os. 

To the light of the high cross (alte crucis), \2d. 

To the painting {picture) of the high cross, 2Os. 

Item, to the church of Estgodford [Codford St. Mary, 
Wilts] 20s. 

To the church of Westcodford [Codford St. Peter, Wilts] 2Os. 

Item, to the church of Teryngton [Titherington, Wilts] 2Os. 

To the church of Vernny Sutton, 2Os. 

Item, to the church of Byssippistrowe, 20s. 

To the church of Westbury, 20s. 

To the church of Warmyster, 2Os. 

To the church of Roode, 2Os. 

To the church of Upton, 2Os. 

To the church of Telisford, 20s. 

Item, to the church of Wolwerton,'2Oj. 

Item, to the church of Henton, 2os. 

To the church of Hellinton, 20s. 

To the church of Bradeley, 20s. 

To the church of Laverton, 2Os. 

To the church of Norton in the Forest of Selwode, 2Os. 

To the church of Kylmynton. 20s. 

To the church of Storton, 2Os. 

To the church of Lovynton, 2Os. 

To William Hyllman, 6s. 8^. 

Item, to Nicholas Harrise, 6s. 8d. 

To the White Friars in the town of Bristow, 40^. 

Item, to the Friars of the order of St. Augustine of 
Bristowe, 20s. 



OTalter Jteun&efote, But. 253 



Item, to Edmund Storowr, Prior of Henton, 10/2. 

Item, to each house of that order in England, 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to find a suitable chaplain to pray for my 
soul specially and the souls for which I am bound, for 10 years, 
in the church of Bekynton, 100 marks. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to Edith, 
my wife and to John Cupper, whom I make my executors, to 
which John I bequeath 5 marks for his pains ; and I make 
Edmund Storowr, Prior of Henton, my overseer. 

These being witnesses : Thomas Hillman, Thomas 
Compton, Thomas Trope and Thomas Cre. 

Proved 4th March, 1484, and administration committed to the 
executors named. 



1485. WALTER PAUNSSEFOTE, KNT. 

[l6 LOGGE. FO. 1 1 8.] 

15 June, A.D. 1485, I, Walter Paunssefote thelder, knyght, 
ordeyn this my present testament and last will in maner and 
forme folowyng : 

I bequethe my body to be buried in the parissh chirche of 
Cometon Paunssefote in the south ile there. 

Also, I bequethe to the said chirche, to the making thereof, 
10 marks ; and 20/2. to the making of myne ile there, with that 
that the parishons there will endever themself to full fynysh yt 
after thaduice of myne executours. 

Also, I bequethe to the workes of the chirche of Northe- 
catbury, 6s. %d. 

Also, to the chirche workes of the chirche of Southe- 
catbury, 6s. %d. 

To the chirche workes of Mapertone, 6s. 8d. 

Also, to the chirche workes of Blacforde, 6s. %d. 

Also, to the chirche workes of Yerlingtone, 6s. %>d. 

Also, to the chirche of Westonbaunfelde, 6s. Sd 

Also, to the chirche workes of Charletone, 3^. ^d. 

Also, I give to Walter my sonne and myne heire, a pott 
of siluer, and three bolles of siluer, and with all other plate of 
myne of siluer, and my cheyne of golde. And also my stuf of 



254 



housholde, and my two weynes with thapparell, except the oxen 
that long thereto. And I will the seid Walter my sonne after his 
decesse leue the seid cheyne of golde, with all other stuff of plate 
of siluer afor specified, to his sonne and his heire. Also I 
bequethe to the same Walter my sonne all my purchesse londes 
and tenements in my manor of Comtone Paunssefote. 

Also I bequethe to Henry, my sonne, all my purchesse 
londes that I have purchessed oute of the manor of Comtone. 
Also a hole bed with the apparelle performed, and one brasyne 
pott with a panne, and another brasyne pott being in the keping 
of Babcary of Shirborne. 

Also I yeve to my doughter Mary a hole bed with the 
apparelle complete and performed, one pott and one panne of 
brasse, and in money 10 mark toward her manage. Also two 
oxen at Cometone, and all my rother bestes that Pepir my 
seruaunt hath in his keping. 

Also I will that myne executours purchesse 10 mark worth 
lond to founde a chauntrey at Cometone Paunssefote, to pray for 
my soule, my fader, my moder, and all my children soules, to a 
prest singing dayly yf he be disposid, and onys a weke specially 
to say dirige for the seid soules forevermore. 

Also I will that myne executours cause to be made in 
vestementes to the seid chauntry my 3 yerdis of Crymsyne silk, 
3 yerdis of tawny silk, and 2 yerdis of blak silk, being in 
my cofer at Cometone Paunssefote, as soon and in as goodly 
maner as they can ordeyn. 

The residu truly of all and everych of all my goodes above 
not bequethin, I yeue to myne executours, therewith to do and 
dispose for my soule and the soules aforespecified in almes detes 
and dedis of charite after their discrecions. And I make the 
said Walter, my sonne, and Petre Bamfelde myne executours, 
and I yeve to the seid Petre for his labour loli. of money. 

Theis wytnesse : Maister Henry Sutton, clerk, chanon of 
Sarum, Notary papall and imperiall ; Maister John Sparwell ; 
Richard Wise and William Wynne, Notary imperiall, and 
other moo. 

Proved 1 8th July in the year abovesaid, and administration 
granted to the executors. 

[This will is written in English.] 



255 



1485. JOAN ATWELL. 

[l8 LOGGE. FO. 137.] 

15 July, A.D. 1485, I, Joan Atwell, widow, late the wife of 
Richard Atwell, of Glaston, late deceased, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
St. John the Baptist of Glaston aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the image of the B.V.M. in the parish 
church aforesaid, one gold ring and one veil (flammeairi)* " de 
Lawnde" and to the two other figures (figuris) of St. Mary of 
the said church, two other veils " de Lawnde'' 

Item, to the four lights (luminibus) of the said church, 6^. 8d., 
to wit, to each light, 2od. 

Item, I bequeath to the said church one lead vessel (plumbum} 
for keeping oil (pro oleo conservando), and one pipe of oil called 
" Lampeoyle." 

Item, to John Selwode, Abbot of Glaston, 20 marks ; and 
to his convent, one pipe of wine. 

Item, to Joan Austen, all the wool and cloth being in my 
house at the time of my death. 

Item, I bequeath to Margaret, daughter of Robert Robyns, 
one quarter of " wode" [woad]. 

Item, to Joan Wyke, one quarter of " wode." 

Item, to John Clypwell, scholar (scolari), 10/2. 

Item, to the fabric of the chapel of West Pennard, 6s. %d. 

To the fabric of the chapel of Strete, 6^. 8</. 

To the fabric of the parish church of Walton, 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath to each poor person dwelling in " la spitell 
hous," one cartload (plaustratum) of fuel. 

Item, I will that each carrier (cariator) of the said fuel 
shall have for the carriage of each cartload to " la spitell hous " 
aforesaid 4^., and for the carriage from my garden to the street 
(vicum) 2d. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to William Coleyne of Glaston aforesaid, whom I 

1 Flamina, vexilla ecclesiarum. Flammula, vexillum in flammre speciem desinens. 
(Ducange.) Flammea also means a kerchief (SQQ p. 385). 



256 



ordain my executor, and to whom I give for his labour four 
marks. And I make John Lottesham of Glastonbury my 
overseer, and bequeath to him 1 3^. ^d. 

Proved nth November, 1485, and administration granted to 
the executor. 



1485. THOMAS ARUNDELL, KNT. 

[29 MlLLES. FO. 235.] 

3rd October, A.D. 1485, I, Thomas Arundell, knight, make 
my testament 1 in maner and forme folowyng : 

I bequethe my body to be buried in the parissh chirch of 
Edesdon, in the which I will rest for a season, and to the same 
chirch I bequethe 2os. 

Also I will that Sir Gylis Dawbeney, knight, John Byconille, 
and all other feoffees to my use of an in all the maners, landes, 
&c., in Chydyocke, Ilbruer, Frampton upon Severn, and alle 
other within the shyres of Dorsett, Somersett and Glowcettre, 
the whiche late were Dame Kateryne Arundelles, my moder, 
make an estate thereof to Dame Kateryne my wife, for terme of 
her lief. 

Also I wil that Thomas Tregarthen and alle other feoffees 
to myn use of the manors of Landheron, Landehedderon and 
all other manors lordshippes landes &c. within the shires of 
Cornewayll and Devonshire, make and do to be made an estate 
therof to the said Dame Katerine my wife to performe there 
with this my present will and entent as foloweth : 

First I will that the said Dame Katerin my wife, with the 
issues and profits thereof, shall pay all such dettes due by me 
as canne be lawfully proved, and also fynde my children, as 
well my sonnes as my doughters in to the tyme that they be of 
lawfull age, and then to prefer them in mariage and otherwise 
to their degre, aftre the discrecion of the said Dame Katerine 
for the feith and trust that I haue in hir more thenne I haue in 
alle the world. And if my kind wife at hir comyng home canne 

1 1 he will is preceded in the register by the Archbishop's letters certificatory. 
The will is in English. 



Cljomag &runtttl(, But. 257 

devise by hir frendes and soche as be of my counsell, for the 
welthe of my soule and the welthe of my childern, I require 
you and charge you that bee feoffees that ye do fulfille and 
performe alle that she will require you to do in my behalf, for 
my will is that my said wife shall adde and mynisshe this my 
will at alle tymes as it canne by hir best be thought for the 
welthe of my soule of hir and my childern. 

And I will that my wife, aftre my said dettes be paied, 
remove my bonys, and brvnge them to the Grey Freres of 
Dorchester, and ley them in the midle of the quere there, and 
there I woll she make a goodly towmbe. 

If my wife die before my feoffees make her the estate 
abovesaid, I will they shall make such an estate to such a 
trusty man as my frende John Byconill can name, and the 
said person shall then make an estate ayen to them, and to my 
lord of Ely, my lord Dynham, my lady moder Dame Jane 
Dynham, John Sabcotte, Roger Dynham and Charles Dynham, 
and these my then feoffees shall pay my fader's dettes, my 
moder's, rnyne and my wife's, and shall mary my children to 
men and women of worship, and that they be not dispargid. 
And if my wife die, I will that my lady modcr Dame Jane 
Dynham, and John Byconill have the gidyng and gouvernance 
of John Arundell my sonne and heire, and of all my children, 
with full power and auctorite as above given to my wife. 

Also I will that my feoffees make an estate of annuitye of 
5 marcs yerely to John Byconill over the fee to him by my 
fader and moder of old tyme graunted, for the good service that 
he hath doon to me. 

Also I will that my said feoffees beseche the Kinges grace 
in my behalf that this my wil may be performed ; I axe no 
more for all the service. 

I ordeyne by these presentez Dame Kateryne Arundell my 
wife, Dame Jane Dynham, John Byconill and Charles Dynham 
myne executours, to whom I give the residue of alle my goodes, 
they to dispose it for the welthe of my soule. 

Proved (by sentence) I2th December, 1488, and administra- 
tion committed to the executors named, &c. 



2 L 



OTtlK 



1485. JOHN BOUGENT. 

[14 LOGGE. FO. 102.] 

1485, October 4th. I, John Bougent of Glaston, proposing 
by the grace of God to travel on business (circa negociaciones) in 
divers parts of this world, make my will in this manner: 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
parish church of St. John the Baptist of Glaston, or in any 
other sacred (sacro) place wheresoever I may happen to die. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells, \2d. 

Item, to the five lights (luminibus) of the parish church 
aforesaid, 5^. 

Item, I give to Thomas my son divers goods according to 
the disposition (scdm disposicionem) of his mother. 

The residue of all my goods riot above bequeathed I give to 
Margaret my wife, to dispose of the same for the health of my 
soul, and I make the said Margaret my executrix ; and Joan 
Attewell, widow, and Sir Thomas Orchard, clerk, overseers of 
this my will ; and I will that the said Joan shall have 40^. and 
the said Thomas 2Os. for their labour. 

Proved i5th October in the said year, and administration 
committed to the said executrix, in the person of Thomas 
Chambyrlayn her proctor. The inventory is to be exhibited 
before the Feast of the Nativity of our Lord next to come. 



1485. NICHOLAS SWAYNE. 

[18 LOGGE. FO. 133.] 

5th October, A.D. 1485, I, Nicholas Swayne, of Glaston, in 
the co. of Somerset, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial, to be buried in the 
churchyard of the parish church of St. Margaret the Virgin of 
Westminster, next (juxta} the altar of the Holy Trinity outside 
the walls of the said parish church. 

Item, I bequeath to the chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary 
" de la Pew " of Westminster, 4^. 



259 



Item, to the altar of St. Stephen within the royal college of 
Westminster aforesaid, ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to the four lights (luminibus] of the parish 
church of Glaston (viz., to each light 4^.) i6d., and one torch 
(torticium). 

Item, I bequeath to my own brother {fratri meo proprio] one 
gown. 

Item, to Thomas Hows, one gown. 

Item, to Sir John Roly, chaplain, my brother, two and a 
half yards of blue (blodit) cloth for a gown. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed, after my debts are 
fully paid, I give and bequeath to the aforesaid Sir John Roly, 
chaplain, and to Joan, my wife, to dispose for the health of my 
soul in pious uses for the poor (pios usus pauperum\ as shall 
seem best to them, and I make them my executors. 

In witness whereof I have affixed my seal to these presents. 

Dated at Westminster. 

Proved at Lambeth 22nd November, 1485, and adminis- 
tration committed to John Roly, the executor named, &c. 
Power reserved, &c. 



1485. JOHN SAYNTMAUR, ESQ. 

[l8 LOGGE. FO. 133.] 

5th October, A.D. 1485, I, John Sayntmauur 9 , esquire, make 
my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in holy burial in the 
chancel of the parish church of Bekynton. 

Item, I bequeath to the rector of the church aforesaid, for 
tithes forgotten, los. 

Item, to the mother church of Wells, 2od. 

Item, to the church of Rode, one heifer, to find one 
wax taper (cereutri) burning (ardentent} before the image of 
St. Lawrence. 

Item, I bequeath one cow, of the worth of IO.T., to find one 
wax taper burning on Lord's days and the principal feasts 
before the image of St. George, so that one wax taper may be 
maintained yearly and for ever from the increment (de 



260 



OTttts. 



incrementis] of the said cow ; and I will that the wardens 
(custodes) shall have the surplus and residue of the increment in 
their keeping, to the honour of St. George. 

Item, I bequeath to my wife, and to my reverend father 
Sir Thomas de St. Maur, knight, my son William (filium meum 
Willielmuiri}, under this form, to wit, that if it please my father 
and my wife to marry the said William honestly within age, 
with the consent and assent of my said son William, I will then 
that the increment of his wardship by reason of his minority 
shall pass (transeat) fo the advancement (promocionetri) of my 
daughters, when they shall come to years of marriage, provided 
that my father shall have some small thing (aliquid paruni) at 
his pleasure and with the discretion of my wife. 

Item, I will that my wife shall find all things necessary both 
in food (virtu} and in clothing for my sons and daughters. 

Item, I will that my wife shall provide a suitable and honest 
priest (presbiterum) for two entire years, to pray for my soul, 
and for the soul of my mother, dame Philippa. 

And I will that my wife shall pay and also receive my 
debts. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Elizabeth, my wife, to dispose for the health of my 
soul in such manner as she shall think best And I will that 
Hugh, by permission of God Bishop of St. David's, shall be 
overseer of this my will, and principal assistant (adiutor) in 
doing all things. 

Item, I bequeath to the said Hugh one silver " pax " overgilt 
(super deaural} and " enamelid," for his labour, to pray for my 
soul. 

Proved at Lambeth iQth November in the year abovesaid, 
and administration committed to Elizabeth, relict, &c., in the 
person of Master Thomas Rowley, clerk, her proctor, &c. 



261 



1486. RICHARD SWAN. 

[l MlLLES. FO. I.] 

26th December, A.D. 1486, I, Richard Swan, 1 make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chapel of the 
Blessed Mary next the cloister of the cathedral church of 
Wells, before the altar of St. Katherine in the said chapel. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said cathedral 
church 10/2. 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of St. Cuthbert of 
Wells, 2Os. 

Item, to the fabric of the house or hospital of St. John the 
Baptist in Wells, 2os. 

Item, to the fabric of the new tower of Yevilton, 10 marks 
which before this time I promised I would give to the said 
fabric, besides 5 marks delivered by my hands to the wardens of 
the said church for the said fabric. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of the Blessed Mary of 
Chorde one chalice of the worth of 4 marks, or 4 marks to 
buy a chalice. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of "Cumba Sancti Nicholai" 
[Combe St. Nicholas] for making the ceiling (celatura) in the 
chancel there, 2ds. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Welyngton, for making 
the pavement (pauimento) in the chancel there, 26s. 8d. 

Item, to the church of Wynsham, for buying cloths (pannis) 
to be painted (depingendis) for the high altar there, 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to the Prior and Convent of the Carthusian 
house of Henton 10 marks, to pray for my soul. 

Item, to the collegiate chaplains in the college of St. Anne 
in " le Mountre" of Wells one silver salt weighing 18 ounces. 

Item, I bequeath to the Prior and Convent of the Carthusian 
house of Witharn 10 marks, to pray for my soul. 

Item, to the close (clause} of the vicars choral of the 
cathedral church abovewritten, two silver salts (salsaria] to their 
use, weighing 40^ ounces, to pray for my soul. 

1 The margin has " Testamentum Maspstri Ricardi Swan." 



262 &anutt*t WiilU. 



Item, I bequeath to the house of choristers (choristarum] of 
the aforesaid cathedral church twelve spoons, to the use of the 
choristers of the said house, to pray for my soul. 

Item, to the reparation of the chancel of the parish church of 
Burneham, 10/2. 

Item, to each of my servants (serviencium\ 2Os. 

Item, to Master Hugh Sugar, doctor of laws, my best silver 
gilt cup with the cover. 

Item, to Master John Wansford, subdean of the cathedral 
church aforesaid, my second best silver gilt cup with the cover. 

Item, to Master Thomas Mershe, canon residenciary of the 
said cathedral church, my third best silver gilt cup with the 
cover. 

Item, to Sir John Aleyn, chaplain and vicar choral in the 
cathedral church abovewritten, one silver cup partly gilt, with 
the cover. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to the aforesaid Masters Hugh Sugar, John 
Wansford, Thomas Mershe and John Aleyn, whom I ordain my 
executors, to dispose after their discretions and consciences for 
the health of my soul. 

In witness whereof I have affixed my seal to these presents, 
these being witnesses : Master Thomas Percyvale, Master in 
Arts, and Sir John Hampton, chaplain, and others. 

Proved at Lambeth, 3Oth January, A.D., &c. [1486], and 
administration committed to the executors in the person of 
Master Nicholas Collys, their proctor, &c. 



1486. THOMAS MERSHE. 

[l MlLLES. FO. 5.] 

1 8 January A.D. 1486, I, Thomas Mershe, 1 make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be delivered (tradendum) to holy 
burial. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Wells 40*. 

1 The margin has " Testamentum Magistri Thome Marsh" 



263 



Item, to the parish church of Horsington 56^. 8*/., and one 
pair of vestments of " horde Alisaunder." 1 

Item, I bequeath to the fraternity of the Blessed Mary in the 
said church 2Os. to buy two cows ; and to the same fraternity 
one pair of vestments of white "teuke," 2 embroidered 
(embroderaT). 

Item, to the prebendal church of Henxstrigge, 40^. 

To the parish church of Henton St. George, 40^. towards the 
building of the tower there. 

Item, to the College of the Blessed Mary of Winchester in 
Oxford, three salts (salsarid) silver gilt, with a cover, weighing 
68 ounces and a quarter of a dwt. 

Item, to the College of the Blessed Mary near Winchester, 
one silver cup with a cover, having on the top of the cover the 
arms of Sir Thomas de Bekyngton, late Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, weighing 33^ ounces. 

Item, I bequeath to the parish church of Chedder 40^. 

Item, to John Coke, my servant at Horsington, all the things 
I have there belonging to husbandry (iconomiam). 

Item, to Thomas Cooke, my godson, one bed in which I used 
to lie at Horsington, with "/ Spervier"*\ also one silver cup 
with a cover, six silver spoons, one dozen of tin (stanneorum) 
vessels, one pot, one dish and one spit (yeru\ And I will that 
all these things shall remain in the custody of his parents, until 
by God's grace he comes to be made a priest (contigerit eum 
presbiterart). 

The other things which I have there I bequeath to the other 
sons (filiis) of the said John Cooke. 

Item, I bequeath to the said Thomas Cooke to exhibit him 
at the schools, that he may be a priest, 10 marks of the debts 
which his father owes me. And I will that the residue of his 
debt shall be remitted at the discretion of my executors. 

Item, I bequeath to the Carthusian houses of Whitham and 
Henton, and to the houses of the Friars Minors of Brigewater 
and the Friars Preachers of Ilchester, according to the discretion 

1 Bord Alexander, a kind of striped silk. (See N.E.D., su&both words.) 

2 Tewke to make purses of, "trelis," Palsgrave. (Halliwell's Provincial 
Dictionary. ) 

3 Sparver, the canopy or tester of a bed. (Wright's Provincial Dictionary. ) 



264 mner*ct OTtHs. 



of my executors, and according to men of my faculties (yiros 
facultatum mearunt). 

Item, I bequeath to Sir Thomas Orchard, my godson, one 
gown of blue (blodio] furred with " Croppys." 1 

Item, to Sir John Hampton, one gown of murrey furred with 
black throughout (per totuiri). 

Item, to William Witcombe, 26s. 8^/., and of the bedding 
(de lectisterniis) according to the discretion of my executors. 

Item, to John Davy, 2Os. 

Item, to John of the stable 2Os., and the bed in which he is 
accustomed to lie. 

Item, to John Saunders, 20s., and his bed next my chamber ; 
one pot and one dish. 

Item, I bequeath to the said Sir Thomas Orchard one book 
called " Speculum Vite " 2 fo. " adorare" 

Item to Sir John Hill, canon of the cathedral church of Wells, 
4/2. in money or in value. 

Item, to John Stevins, 5 marks. 

Item, to Sir John Menyman, 5 marks ; and I ordain them my 
executors, to dispose for the health of my soul. 

There being then there present the aforesaid Sir John 
Hampton, William Witcomb, John Davy, Thomas Cooke, and 
John Saundrys. 

Proved the penultimate day of February, A.D., &c., 1486, and 
administration committed to Sir John Stephyns. 

[Testator was Rector of Horsington. See Som. Incs., p. 106.] 



1486. WALTER ESTON. 

[20 MlLLES. FO. 164.] 

22nd January, A.D. 1486, I, Walter Eston, of Taunton, in the 
diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the conventual church of 
the Apostles Peter and Paul of the Priory of Taunton. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of St. Andrew of 
Wells \2d. 

1 See N.E.D. under crop, No. 10. The entire hide of an animal tanned. 
1457 Bury Wills (Camden) 13 "togam meam penulatam cum croppes de grey" 
[badger skins]. 



Walter iSston. 265 



Item, to the House of the Holy Trinity of Howndslow, to 
pray for my soul, one small gold ring. 

Item, to the maintenance of the light of the sepulchre 
(luminis sepulture) being in the parish church of Bremmor, \2d. 

Item, I will that on the day of my burial there shall be dis- 
tributed to the poor ios., viz., to each of them \d. 

Item, to the store (staurd) of the high altar in the parish 
church of St. Mary Magdalen of Taunton, $s. ^d. 

Item, to the store of the fraternity of the Holy Sepulchre 
(JSepulchri) in the same church, $s. ^d. 

Item, to the store of the fraternity of the Holy Cross in the 
said church, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to the store of the fraternity of the Holy Trinity in the 
parish church of Baukfasligh [Buckfastleigh], 6s. %d. 

Item, to the vicar of the said church to pray for my 
soul, 2s. 6d. 

Item, I bequeath to Master Nicholas Dysum, vicar of Taunton, 
to pray for my soul, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to each priest (sacerdoti) celebrating divine services 
(divind) in the said church, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the two clerks of the said church, ^d. 

Item, to each of my godchildren, 4^. 

Item, I will that Margaret, my wife, shall find a suitable 
chaplain to celebrate for one whole year in the parish church of 
Taunton for the health of my soul, of Richard, my father, Joan, 
my mother, of Thomas, Thomas, Henry, John, William Stacy, 
chaplain, John, John, Richard Beele, chaplain, and of all my 
brothers and sisters ; also for the souls of Thomas GerTray and 
Agnes his wife, John, James and Margaret, and all my kinsfolk 
(consangfiineorum) taking for his salary (solaria) $li. 

Item, I bequeath to the lord Prior of the Priory of Taunton, 
after the decease of my wife, one silver cup. 

Item, to the lord Prior of the Priory of Bremmor, after the 
decease of my wife, one salt silver gilt. 

Item, to Sir John Eston, my brother, one silver cup, one 
maser (inurrani) bound (ligatum) with silver, and one gown 
furred (penulatam] with " calabers." 

Item, I bequeath to Sir William Downe, chaplain, 2s. 6d. 

Item, to Sir Nicholas Thresshere, chaplain, 2s. 6d. 

2 M 



266 >omenfet Wilts. 



To Sir Thomas Burnard, chaplain, 2s. 6d. 

To Sir Walter Stert, chaplain, 2s. 6d. 

To Sir Americ Bodenham, chaplain, one small ring of gold. 

To Sir John Harries, chaplain, 2s. 6d. 

To Sir Richard London, chaplain, I2d. 

To Sir Robert Brommor, chaplain, one small gold ring 
or 2s. 6d. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 
to Margaret, my wife, and I ordain her my sole executrix, that 
she may dispose for the health of my soul. 

Proved at Lambeth I ith November, 1489, and administration 
committed, &c. 



1487. HENRY VINCENT. 

[5 MlLLES. FO. 46.] 

i8th July, A.D. 1487, I, Henry Vincent, countryman (ruralis 
homo] of KeyfTord, parishioner of the church of St. John the 
Baptist of Frome in Selvvode, in the diocese of Bath and Wells, 
make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of St. John 
the Baptist aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells \2d. 

Item, to the maintenance of the light (luminis) in the chapel 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary within the nave of the church afore- 
said, one cow with calf. 

Item, to the reparation or maintenance (sustentationent] of the 
light (luminis) of the high cross (alte crucis) in the middle of the 
church aforesaid, one cow with calf. 

Item, I bequeath to the reparation of the way which lies by 
(per) a hedge called " Gore Hegge " 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the reparation (reparationem) of the church, that is, 
to the plumbing (artis plumbilariorum) about the entrance (circa 
introitmn) of the chapel of the Blessed Mary aforesaid, 2Os. 

Item, to the purchase of a new " Canopie," 2s. 

Item, to my servant (clientuloj John, one cow and one dish 
(patellawi). 

1 Clientulus, " qui causam suam credit patrono defendendam." (Ducange.) 



CfjomaS Cfjofefee. 267 



Item, to John, my brother's son, all the household utensils, 
that is, those of the hall, chamber and kitchen, and all my cattle 
except the sheep (pves) and the two best cows. Also all my corn, 
except two acres of wheat and two acres of barley, which shall 
belong to my executors with the increment thereof (ut illi inde 
accrescerent}, and they shall provide from year to year for the 
health of my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to my maidservant (ancille] one cow and a 
dish. 

The residue of all my goods and debts not above bequeathed 
I give to Thomas Corsley, clothier (pannario) and to William 
[Mason], 1 weaver (textrigiarid), whom I make my executors. 
And I will that they shall administer a certain part of my 
goods as is just (quod justum est\ and this at their pleasure from 
week to week as long as it shall last, for the health of my soul 
and for their excuse (excusacione}. 

These being witnesses : the parish priest, William Hoggis, 
Thomas Vincent, and others. 

Proved at Lambeth I3th September, A.D., &c. [1487], and 
administration granted to Thomas Crosley and William Mason, 
the executors named, in the person of Master John Beuill, n.p. 
proctor, &c. 



1487. THOMAS CHOKKE. 

[4 MlLLES. FO. 26.] 

28th July, A.D. 1487, I, Thomas Chokke, the elder, make my 
will in this manner which follows : 

I bequeath my body to be buried (inhumandunt] in the 
chancel of the parish church of Stawnton Drewe, before the 
image of St. Mary the Virgin. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the parish church of Stawnton Drewe, 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of St. Mary, the parish 
church of Stawnton Drew (Sancte Marie Ecclesie ecclesie 
parochialis de 5. D.} one gold ring. 

1 Supplied from probate act. 



268 



Item, to the parish church of Asshton, 6s. %d. 
Item, to the chapel of St. Thomas of Penysford, 6s. 8d. 
Item, to St. Mary of Crowham, 1 2Os. 
Item, to the Blessed Mary of Rownsevale, 2 $s. 
Item, to St. Mary de la grace in the church of St. Paul, 
London, 5^. 

Item, to St. Etheldrede, 3 4^. 

Item, to St. Mary of Bethelem, 4 $s. 

To St. Mary of Walsyngham, $s. 

Item, to St. Henry the King, 5 $s. 

Item, to Master John Shorn, 6 ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to St. Mary de Redclyfe, $s. 

1 In Nicolas's Privy Expenses of Elizabeth of York, p. 3, occurs the following: 
" 1502, March 24. Item, to Richard Mylner, of Bynfield. for money to be offered 
for the Quene, to our Ladye of Crowham 2s. 6d." I have not been able to identify 
the place. 

2 St. Mary Rouncevall Hospital near Charing Cross. (Dugdalc.) 

3 St. Etheldreda, foundress and first Abbess of Ely Monastery, A.D. 673. Her 
shrine repaired about A. D. 1180. (Dugdale.) 

4 St. Mary Bethlehem Hospital, founded 1247 in the parish of St. Botolph, 
without Bishopsgate. (Dugdale, vi, 621.) 

5 For the shrine and relics of Hen. VI at Windsor see Annals of Windsor, 
i, 428. 

6 " In the South aisle (of Windsor) outside St. George's choir, stands a famous niche 
or closet known as Lincoln Chapel. Built by Beauchamp, Bishop of Sarum, to receive 
the bones of John Shorne, it held for five reigns that holy man's more holy boot. 

" The chief shrines at Windsor were those of St. George, our Lady of Windsor, 
good King Henry and Master John Shorne." (Dixon's Royal Windsor ; iii, 118, 140.) 

John Shorn or Schorne was a pious rector of Northmarston, co. Bucks, about the 
year 1290. He was held in great veneration for the virtues which his benediction 
had imparted to a holy well in his parish, and for his miracles, one of which, the feat 
of conjuring the devil into a boot, was considered so remarkable that it was 
represented in the east window of his church, and was also recorded in the following 
lines, existing in the last century on the wall enclosing the holy well : 

" Sir John Schorne, 
Gentleman borne : 
Conjured the Devil into a Boot." 

Bishop Beauchamp of Sarum in 1478 obtained a license from the i'ope to 
translate the remains of John Shorne from Northmarston wherever he pleased in the 
diocese of Salisbury, and he accordingly removed them to the Lincoln Chapel at 
Windsor. The advowson of Northmarston was previously acquired by the college, 
and its value to the dean and chapter is apparent from the fact that at the Rt forma- 
tion the college lost ^500 per annum from the offerings at the shrine there. Annals 
of Windsor (Tighe and Davis), i, 377. Downside Review , xv, 122. Lipscombe's 
Buckinghamshire, i, 339. Thejotirnal of the Archceological Association, vol. xxiii, 
contains two articles by Dr. Sparrow-Simpson on Master John Shorne. 



269 



To St. Anne, 6s. 

To the Lord Suffragan Bishop, 10/2. ; and I will that it shall 
be paid from the debt due from the Abbot of St. Augustine's, 
Canterbury. 

Item, I bequeath to the Prior of Bath 10/2". ; to be paid out 
of the same debt. 

Item, I bequeath to my brother John Chokke, 10/2. 

To his wife, 10/2. 

Item, to William Chokke, son of John Chokke, 40^. 

Item, to Henry Chokke, son of the said John Chokke, 
40s. [bis]. 

Item, to my brother Richard Chokke, 20/2'. 

Item, I bequeath to his sons, 5/2'. 

Item, to the vicar, that he may pray for my soul, and 
accomplish those pilgrimages and offerings (perficiat istas 
peregrinaciones et oblationes), 8/2. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir Hugh Walborn, 6s. 8d. 

To Sir William de Asshton, 6s. Sd 

To John Yonge, my servant (servienti), 3/2. 6s. 8d. } and one 
gown of " Chamelett" 

Item, to Anthony, my servant (servienti\ 3/2. 6s. 8d. 

Item, to Avice, my servant, loos. 

Item, I bequeath to John Stawnton, 10 marks. 

To John Slegge, 3/2. 6s. 8d. 

To William Warde, 2OS. 

To John Philipps, 6s. 8d. 

To the daughter of John Philippes, 3.?. ^d. 

Item, I will that a trental shall be celebrated for two years 
for my soul and the souls of my father and mother. 

Item, I will that 10/2. shall be restored (restituatur) to 
Hadlam the elder of Westbury. Item, to the man whom 
Horner best knows, 40^., and to Richard Trowbrigge, 40^. 

Item, I bequeath to Lucy, my sister, 2os. 

The residue of all my goods I give and bequeath to Joan 
my wife, to dispose for the health of my soul ; and I make the 

1 St. Anne's Chapel, Brslington, three miles from Redclirf church, called " St. Anne 
in the Wood." (Leland, Itin., ii, 57.) " A two miles above Bristow was a common 
Trajectus by Bote, wher was a chapelle of S. Anne . . . and here was great 
pilgrimage to S. Anne." (Bristol Past and Present, Nicholls and Taylor, vol. ii, 
p. 124.) 



270 



said Joan, John Chokke, my brother, and Master John Buklond, 
vicar of Stavvnton Drew, executors of this my will ; and the 
Lord Suffragan and the Prior of Bath my overseers. These 
being witnesses : Sir William Drew, chaplain, and John Yong, 
" literate" 

Proved at Moretelake I2th September, A.D., &c., and 
administration committed to the executors named, in the 
person of Master John Ryse, proctor, &c. 
[Inq. p. m. Thome Choke, arm., 3 Hen. VII, S. A. and N. H. 6*., xlvii, ii, 25.] 



1487. JOHN CAMMELL. 

[6 MlLLES. FO. 53.] 

3rd October, 1487, I, John Cammell, of Glaston, in the 
diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
St. John the Baptist of Glaston, in the aisle of St. Nicholas 
and before his image. 

Item, I bequeath to the said parish church one chalice 
(caliceiri) worth 10 marks, and one missal worth 10/2. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
St. Andrew of Wells, 6s. M. 

Item, to the fabric of the chapel of St. Benignus of Glaston, 
6s. Sd 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Budelegh, 6s. Sd, and 
one pair of vestments of "grene damask." 

Item, to the fabric of the chapel of St. James of Hurdcote 
[in Somerton], 3^. ^d. 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of Langport, 
6s. Sd 

Item, I bequeath to each poor person being in the Hospital 
of Glaston aforesaid 4^., to pray for my soul. 

Item, to Isabella Pride, my servant (servienti\ 6s. Sd, to 
pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to John, Abbot of the monastery of Glaston, 
and to the convent of that place, 20/2., to this intent, that each 
monk of the said monastery shall have and receive 6s. Sd, in 



Camimlt. 271 



gold, and this to be divided by equal portions as well to the 
elder monks as to the young monks ; and the residue of the 
said sum shall remain to the said abbot, to pray for my 
soul. 

Item, I bequeath to the Prior and convent of Bustlesham 
[Bisham, Berks], 5/2'., each chaplain of that priory receiving 
3^. A,d. ; and the prior of the said place receiving the residue 
of that sum, to pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to the Friars of the Friars' House of 
Briggewater, 6s. 8</., to pray for my soul. 

Item, to the Friars of the Friars' House of Yvelchestre, 6s. 8^., 
to pray for my soul. 

Item, to the four orders of Friars of the town of Bristol, 
26s. Sd., to wit, to each place (loco) of the said Friars, 6s. 8d., 
to pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the highway (anglice Cauce) 
between the hamlets (villulas) of Budlegh and Wotton, 4 marks, 
provided that the parishioners there carry the material to the 
said way. 

Item, I bequeath to Stephen Palmer one gown, at the 
discretion of Sybil, my wife. 

And I ordain executors of this my will Sybil, my wife, 
Thomas Hexton of the town of Bristol, merchant, and Master 
Walter Wylde, clerk. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed nor disposed 
by me I give and bequeath to Sybil, my wife, to dispose according 
to her discretion and conscience for the health of my soul. In 
witness whereof I have affixed my seal to these presents, these 
being then there present : Sir Robert, chaplain, and Isabel 
Pryde. 

Proved iQth November in the year abovesaid, and adminis- 
tration committed to the executors. 

[The name Camel was well known in Glastonbury. In 1456 Robert 
Camel was a junior monk in the Abbey. (Downside Review, December, 1900, 
p. 200.) The tomb of John Camel is mentioned by Leland (Itin., ii, 72), 
and is still to be seen in St. John's Church. Camels are represented on it, 
and on one shield there is the cross of the Abbey, showing that the testator 
had some official connection with it.] 



272 



1487, JOHN NEWTON, KNT. 

[8 MlLLES. FO. 70.] 

26th January, A.D. 1487, I, John Newton, knight, make my 
testament in this maner : 

I bequeith my body to be buried in the church of our Lady 
of Yatton. 

I bequeith unto the said church, 6li. 13^. ^d. 

Also to the cathedrall church of Wellys, 6s. %d. 

To the four ordres of Fryres in Bristow, 53^. ^d. 

Item, I bequeyth unto my sonne Richard Newton a bason 
and an ewer of sylver. 

To my sonne Thomas Newton, a gylt cuppe koueryd. 

Also, unto my doughter Elisabeth Kenne, a gylt cuppe 
koueryd. 

I will that my feoffees make an estate unto my son Nicholas 
Newton, and to the heyres of his body lawfully comyng, of all 
my londys and tenementys in Axbrige, Shepeham, Lye, and 
in the reversion of certain lands in Tekenham [Tickenham] 
that was late Roger Parcevalles ; and for defawte of issue of 
the seyd Nicholas I will all the forseyd londes remayn unto 
my sonne Water Newton in tail ; and for defawte again, to 
the right heyres of me, the seid John Neuton. 

I bequeyth unto my servant John Gage 6s. 8d. 

And as for all my other servauntes, I will that Isabell my 
wyfe reward them acording as they haue deseruyd. 

Also I bequeyth unto the prisoners of Newgate in Bristowe 
6s. 8</. 

I will that my wyfe pay unto Richard Styphyns of Bristowe, 
Taylor, 2Os. 

The residew of my goodys unbequeythyd I give unto the 
forseyd Isabell my wife, whom I have ordeynyd and made my 
sole executrice, to dispose for the welthe and ease of my sowle 
at hyr will and discrecion. 

In witnesse that this is my very effectuall and last wyll I 
have put hereto my scale. 

Proved 2Oth March, 1487, and administration committed to 
the executrix named, &c. 

[The will is in English.] 



273 



1488. JOHN CHOKKE, ESQ. 

[ll MlLLES. FO. 90.] 

1 8 Aprill, A.D. 1488, I, John Chokke of Staunton Drew, 
co. Somerset, squier, make my testament in this wyse : 

I bequeith my body to be buried in the parissh church of 
Staunton Drewe, near my moder. Also I will that myne 
executours bring me honestly to my burying, and that they 
besett upon my buriing and monethes mynde 4.0/1. 

And I bequeith to the cathedrall church of Wellys 6s. Sd. 

I will that myn executours do ordeign 12 torchis and 4 
tapers of convenient weight, the seid torchis to be holden by 
12 pouer men, summe of them of my tenants and summe of 
other, and that everych of the seid pouer men have for his 
labour, to pray for my sowle, a long gowne of blake fryse and 
4d. in money. Also I will that at myn interement there be 
made a convenient repast in mete and drinke to all tho that 
then shall come to the same, arid that there be yeven by my 
seid executours to every pouer man and woman commyng to 
the same id., to pray for my soule. And after the seid 
enterment doone I yeue as moche as then shalbe lefte and 
remayne unspent of the seid 12 torchis in maner and forme as 
folowith, that is to say, 2 torchis to the seid church of Staunton, 
one torch to the church of Assheton, one torch to the church of 
Chew, one to the church of Pensforth, two to the church of 
Publowe, one to the church of Chel\vorth, one to the church of 
Norton, one to the church of Dundray and one to the chape 11 
of Colford. 

Also I will that myn executours ordeigne an honest seculer 
priest to pray for my soule, and for the soules of my fader 
and mother, and my brother Thomas, and for the soules that 
I am bounde to pray for, in the seid church of Staunton by the 
space of three yeris. 

Also I bequeith to the viccar of Assheton, for my tithes 
forgoton, 3Ctf. 

Also to the reparacion of the seid church of Ashton, 2os. 

Also to the church of Staunton Drcwe, 2os. 

To the church of Publowe, los. 

2 N 



274 



To the church of Pensford, los. 

To the chapell of our Lady of Chew, 6s. Sd 

To the Priour and convent of every order of Fryres of 
Bristow, 3^. 4d. 

Also to the Priour and convent of the Frires of Brigwater, 
3J. 4d. 

To the Priour and convent of the Frires of Yeuelchester, 
3* 4*/. 

To the prisoners of Newgate of Bristow, $s. 4^. 

To the prisoners of Yeuilchester, 3^. ^d. 

To my lord Dawbeney, loli. of the money due unto me by 
syr Thomas a Morgan, if he help to the rekouere of the same. 

Also to my brother sir John Byconell, knight, 10/2. of the 
same money. 

Also to the child now being in my wyfys bely, if it be a 
doughter, 100 marks sterling ; and if it be a sonne I will that 
my feoffees performe my will made upon the same feoffment 

Also I bequeith to Thomas and John, the sonnes of 
Margarete Mathewe, to everich of them, 40^. 

Also I will that certeigne of my plate and of my jeuellys 
and of my shepe and other catallys that I haue be sold after 
the discrecion of myne executours, and therewith to pay my 
dettys and performe my will. Also I will they se that my 
servaunts of household be competently rewardid and recom- 
pensid for their good service, every man after his derservyng. 

Also I bequeith to my brother Richard Chokke loli. other 
els 100 shepe. 

To my cosyn John Staunton, 100 shepe ; and to syr John 
Buklond my curatt, for offerings and tithes forgoton, 5 marks. 

Also to William Ward, 2Os. 

To John Hopkyns, 2Os. 

To Thomas Hogges, 2os. 

Also I will that my wife have the occupacion, rewle and 
gouvernaunce of all my plate, jeuellys and stuffe of household 
remaining unspent during her lyfe ; and after her deceese to 
be disposed to my sonne and heyre, and to his brethren and 
susters after the aduise of my seid executours and overseers. 

The residew of my goods not bequeithid I yeue and bequeith 
to Elizabeth my wife, that she dispose for the helthe of my 



J^ug.ir. 275 



soule ; and of this my testament I make myn executours 
Elisabeth my wyfe and syr John Byconnell, knight. And I 
name to be overseers, syr John Seintlo, knyght ; Richard 
Chokke, esquier ; John Staunton, gentilman. And I will that 
myn executours se that the seyd syr John Buklond be savid 
harmlesse by the reson of the testament of my brother Thomas 
Chokke. 

In wittnes hereof, by cause my seale is not knowen to all 
people, in more wittenesse of thees premisses, I haue prayd and 
desired the officiall of the Archdeconry of Bath to putte his 
seale of office ; these being witnesse : syr Hugh Walbrond, 
syr William Drew, syr Willyam Clyfton, William Panter, John 
Hopkins with other. 

Proved pth July, 1488, and administration committed to the 
executors named, &c. 

[The will is written in English. Inq. p. m., 4 Hen. VII, S. A. and N. H. S. r 
xlvii, ii, 25.] 



1488. HUGH SUGAR. 

[23 MlLLES. FO. 185.] 

I, Hugh Sugar, 1 doctor of Laws, Treasurer of the Cathedral 
Church of Wells, i8th October, A.D. 1488, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the nave of the 
cathedral church aforesaid, before the cross there, made, fabricated 
(fabricatam) and erected at my costs and expense, with the 
images of the Blessed Mary and St. John the Evangelist ; or in 
the conventual church of the monastery of the Blessed Mary of 
Glaston before the altar of St. Andrew, situate next the choir 
of the said church, according as it shall please the Most High 
for me to die. 

Item, I bequeath for the expenses and charges of my funeral 
(funeralium] 12/2., to be disposed at the discretion of my 
executors. 

Item, I bequeath io/z. to be distributed amongst the poor on 
the day of my burial. 

1 No alias of No iris appears in the will. 



276 omcr&t Will*. 



Item, for my obit to be held in the said church on the 
thirtieth day after my burial (pro obitu meo trigintali in dicta 
ecclesia sepulture mee tenendo], including the expense of wax 
candles and of ringing (cereorum et pulsacionis], loos. 

Item, I bequeath looy. to be then distributed amongst the 
poor where I shall have happened to die. 

Item, I will that 100 masses shall be celebrated after my 
death in the diocese of Bath and Wells, as soon as may con- 
veniently be done ; each chaplain willing to celebrate such mass 
to receive one penny. 

Item, I bequeath to Master William Crosse, vicar of the 
church of St. Leonard of Bristol, 6s. 8d., to pray for my soul ; 
and I will that he shall have i6s. %d. for 200 masses to be 
celebrated in the town of Bristol and suburbs thereof, each 
chaplain willing to celebrate such mass receiving one penny. 

Item, I bequeath 40 marks for my obit to be celebrated in 
the said cathedral church for 20 years. 

Item, I bequeath to John Golst, my brother, of Mertok, io/z., 
so that he have yearly of the said sum 2Os. And if he die 
within that time the sum remaining shall be applied to the 
fabric of the parish church there. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the parish church of 
Mertok 40^. ; and 2Os. to be distributed among the poor of the 
said parish. 

Item, to the fabric of the prebendal church of Lutton, 2Os. 
The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I commit to the 
discretion of my executors, to dispose for the health of my soul 
and the souls of my parents and benefactors. And I make my 
executors the venerable Father, Sir John Selwoode, 1 Abbot of 
Glaston ; William Spekynton, 2 Bachelor in both laws (in 
utroque jure], and the discreet man Sir John Towker, 3 choral 
vicar of the cathedral church aforesaid ; and overseer and 
defender (defensoreni) of this my will the very noble man Sir 
Giles de Dawbeney. And to them I bequeath, viz., to the said 
venerable Father loli. and one standing gilt cup with a cover, 

J Abbot of Glastonbury, 1456-93. 

2 Vicar of Doulting, 1486-1509. 

3 Rector of Litton, 1485-1500. 



277 



formerly bequeathed to me by Master John Stokis, 1 canon 
restdenciary of the said cathedral church of Wells ; to the 
aforesaid William Spekynton, icxxy. and a standing cup partly 
gilt, with a cover ; and to John Towker, loos, and a like 
cup. Also to the said most noble man, 20/2. 

In witness whereof I have affixed my seal to these presents, 
these being witnesses : Sir John Lofman, Sir John Combe, and 
Sir John Foxe, vicars choral of the said cathedral church. 

Proved at Lambeth 5th May in the year abovesaid (date of 
last probate act is 1489), and administration committed, &c. 

[Dr. Sugar's will has been printed in the Downside Review (xv, i), with 
notes by the present editor, together with a short account of his life, from 
which we take the following : 

Dates in the Life of Dr. Hugh Sugar. 
1444. Principal of Henxey Hall, Oxford. 
1451, February 6. Rector of L>mpsham (till his death). 

1453, February 27. Rector of Stratton-on-the-Fosse (res. 1454). 

1454, September 17. Rector of Brean. 

1459, February 26. Archdeacon of Bath. 

1460, May i. Treasurer of Wells Cathedral. 

1464, January 14. Death of Bishop Beckington. (Hugh Sugar one 

of his executors.) 

1465, May 29. Hugh Sugar, " custos spiritualitatis," presents to 

rectory of Thorn Coffin. 

1465, November 20. As prebendary of Litton, presents to that church 
(and again September 7, 1485). 

1485, November 23. John George elected Abbot of Athelney. 

Election certified by Hugh Sugar, vicar-general of Robert 
[Stillington], Bishop of Bath and Wells, who is engaged in 
remote parts out of his diocese. 

1486, February 13. As " thesaurarius," presents to Martock (and 

again May 26, 1487). 

1487, April 10. Quarrel with dean and chapter in re R. Worthyngton 

(dispute settled June 2). 

1488, October 18. Date of his will. 
1489. Hugh Sugar died at end of April. 

1489, May 5. His will proved. 

Authorities Consulted. 

Reynolds' Wells Cathedral, Wells Cathedral MSS. (H.M.C.). Wood's 
City of Oxford, Hardy's Le Neve's Fasti, Collinson's Somerset, Materials for 
the History of the Reign of Henry VII ( Rolls Series), Somerset Archceological 
Society's Proceedings, Somerset Record Society, vol. iv, Somerset Incumbents^ 

1 Prebendary of Henstridge, 1428; Vicar of St. Cuthbert's, 1453-71. 



278 



1488. ALICE SAINT JOHN. 

[34 MlLLES. FO. 276.] 

ipth January, A.D. 1488, I, Alice saint John, make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to ecclesiastical burial in the chancel of 
the Blessed Mary of Estluckom [East Luccombe]. 

1 Item, I bequeth my 3 fetherbeddes one to William Kelly, 
the secunde to Thomas Hilton, the thirde to Alice Kelly. 

Item, I bequeth to everich of them 3 William, Thomas and 
Alice, a materasse. 

To Robert Holland, my godis sone, 2 ewe lames, 2 steris, 
a cow, a heling, a paire of shetis and a paire of blanketts. 

To Alice Kelly, my best bedis [beads], my best gurdall and 
my best standing cup couered. 

Item, I bequeth 9 marce to a prest to sing for me and all 
my frendes in the church of Estluekome for a hole yere, and to 
say dirige and commendacions 2 tymes of the weke. 

Item, I bequeth to every of my servauntes both men and 
women, a cowe or els a heyfer. 

To every of my godchildren, an ewe or els an ewe lambe. 

Item, I bequeth 65-. 8d. to finde the grete tapar before oure 
Lady while it will endure. 

Item, I bequeth all my hangins of the hall, of the parlor and 
of the chambres, to William Kelly, Thomas Hilton and Alice 
Kelly, to departe it duely and truly betwixt theme 3. 

Item, to the parsonne of Luckombe, a litill stonding cupp 
couerede of silver that I hade of the parsonne of Selworthy, lo 
pray for us. 

Item, to Margery Leyborne, a paire of shetes and a paire of 
blankettes, a couerlete and a materas ; also my litill blewgurdill. 

Item, to saint Nicholas light and to saynt Kateryne light, 
2 ewes. 

Item, I haue a chales and I wolde that the prest that shuld 
sing for me shull ocupie it all the yere in Estluckombe, and 
after that yere I wold that William Kelly shulhaue it, and his 

1 English from here. 



jflofjn Bttrte. 279 



wif, and they to hold my moneth is day [i.e., my month's mind] 
ones a yere during there lifes and corporas and superaltare. 

Item, ,1 haue 2 paire of westymentes, a better and a worse, 
and as for the better I haue geve unto the church of Estluckombe, 
and as for the worse I wold my prest shuld sing in them the 
werke daies during the 12 monethis, and after that I geve them 
to William Kelly to serve his chapell. 

The residue of all my goodes not bequethen, I yeve and 
bequeth to William Kelly and to Thomas Hilton, and I make 
them my very and true executors. 

In witness wherof sir John Combe, prest ; William Cope ; 
William Hill and other. 

Proved 26th August in the year aforesaid [1490] by John 
Withipoll, "literati" proctor, &c., and administration committed 
to William Kelly, the other executor renouncing, &c. 



1488. JOHN BESTE. 

[19 MlLLES. FO. 158.] 

8th March, A.D. 1488, I, John Beste, the elder, make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
apostles Peter and Paul of the priory of Taunton. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Aisshe, 1 prior of the priory 
aforesaid, for tithes forgotten, 40^. 

Item, to Master Nicholas Dissham, vicar of the parish 
church of St. Mary Magdalene of Taunton, to pray for my 
soul, 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the new work in the said 
church of St. Mary Magdalene, and of the new tower there, 
after the decease of myself and my wife, one pipe of " woode." 

Item, to Joan, daughter of John Beste, three measures 
(mensuras) of " woode " [woad]. 

Item, I bequeath to the store of the fraternity of the Holy 
Sepulchre in the same church, $s. ^d. 

1 He succeeded Richard Glene as prior in 1475. Collinson (iii, 236) calls him 
Ayshcnt Hugo, correctly, Ass/ie. 



280 



Item, to the fraternity of the Holy Cross in the said 
church, 3^. 4</. 

Item, to the aforesaid John Best, my son, one pipe of 
" woode," and the like to Richard Best, my son, to John Scote 
and Joan, his wife, and to Richard Arnott and Alice, his wife. 

Item, I bequeath to John Speke, esquire, loos. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed, after my debts 
are paid, I give and bequeath to Margery, my wife, and ordain 
her my executrix, to dispose for the health of my soul ; and, 
further, I ordain the said John Speke, esquire, overseer of this 
my will. 

Proved 7th October, 1489, and administration committed to 
the executrix named, &c. 



1489. RICHARD BURTON. 

[13 DOGGETT. FO. 98.] 

26th March, A.D. 1489, I, Richard Burton of Taunton, make 
my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial, and will that all my own 
and others' (attend} debts for and in which I am bound shall be 
well and faithfully paid, to wit, 66/2. i$s. 4<^., which are due to 
Eleanor Eode by the bequest of Robert her father, and 20/2'. in 
money or in value by the bequest of Sybil her mother ; and to 
John, son of the aforesaid Robert and Sybil, 100/2., and to Joan 
his sister, 100 marks, remaining in the hands of the Abbot of 
Cerne by two deeds obligatory sealed under the common seal of 
that convent ; and to each of them 20/2., by the bequest of 
Sybil their mother as above; and 4/2. 10^. remaining in the 
hands of Thomas Reynold of Southampton aforesaid (sic), and 
23/2. remaining in the hands of John Elvington of London, 
gentleman, executors of the will of Robert Baggeworth, late of 
Southampton, aforesaid. And, further, that 100/2. which remain 
in my hands of the goods of William Mesurer, son and heir of 
Dionisius Mesurer, shall be well and faithfully paid when the 
time shall come, which remain in the hands of Thomas Lathum, 
my kinsman (cognati)^ dwelling in Taunton. 



33ttrton. 281 



Item, I bequeath to the prior of Taunton, my rector, for my 
tithes forgotten, 40^., and to the convent of the same being 
present (interessenti) at the exequies and mass on the day of my 
burial and the day of my anniversary, 2Os. 

And to the vicar of Taunton for the like, 6s. 8d. 

And to each chaplain serving in the said church, being 
(existenti) at the exequies and mass as above, 2s., and to each 
other chaplain serving within the Archdeaconry of Taunton 
being there as above, \2d. 

Item, I bequeath to the service of the altar of the high cross 
(alte cruets) in the church of Taunton, IQS. And to the service 
of the altar of St. Sepulchre in the same church, ios. And to 
the two holy water clerks (aquebaiulatoribus) in the same 
church, 2s. 

Item, I bequeath to the Friars Minor of Bruggewater, 
to pray for my soul and the souls of all the faithful 
deceased, 6^. Sd. 

Item, to the Friars of Yevilchester for the like, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to William Down, chaplain, to pray as above, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the prisoners of Yevilchester, 2od. 

Item, I will that five poor persons shall be clothed for (ergo) 
the time of the exequies after my death (pbituiri}, and that each 
of them shall hold in his hand one torch in the said exequies, 
and afterwards on the morrow in the mass, and so in like 
manner on the day of my anniversary, so that each of them 
shall have for the time sufficient victuals and 6d. in money 
counted, and that there shall be divided among the poor 
parishioners within the lordship of Taunton for (erga) the day 
of my burial, 66s. 8d. 

Item, I will that my surviving feoffees shall make sufficient 
estate to Agnes my wife for the term of her life of and in all 
my lands and tenements in Taunton, Northtone, Hankerich and 
Wilton. And after her decease I will that the principal 
tenement, formerly John Blower's, in which I dwell shall remain 
to William Mesurer, son of the late Christina, daughter of the 
said John Blower, and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten ; 
and that all my other tenements in Taunton, late the aforesaid 
John Blower's, shall wholly remain to [blank] son and heir of 
the late aforesaid Thomas Blower, for the which lands and 

2 c) 



282 domtr&t Wtlte. 



tenements I and Alice, late my wife, paid to the aforesaid 
Thomas Blower during his life, 400/2'. 

Item, I bequeath to Ralph Lathum, clerk, one " honest " bed 
sufficiently apparelled, and one maser (murrain) worth 2Os. 
and one covered silver cup worth 66s. &d., and 10 marks in 
money ; and to Sir William Cowper [blank]. The residue of 
my goods not bequeathed I give to Agnes my wife to dispose 
as shall seem best to her, and I ordain her my executrix. 

(No probate act, nor witnesses.) 

[Inq. p. m., 8 Hen. VII, S.A. and N.H. ., xlvii, ii, 20.] 



1489. JOHN CHAUNCELER. 

[28 MlLI.ES. FO. 225.] 

I7rh June, A.D. 1489, I, John Chaunceler, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary of Keynesham. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells, $s. 

Item, to Thomas Nele, one blue (blodiani) gown (togam). 

Item, to John Snelgar, one doublet (deploidem) of 
" Worsted." 

Item, I bequeath to the bells of the parish church of 
Kynsham aforesaid, $s. 4^. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Edith, my wife, and Thomas Chaunceler, of Bath, 
my son, whom I ordain my executors. 

In witness whereof to these presents I have affixed my 
seal ; these being witnesses : Sir John Batte and Sir John Fox. 

Proved i6th July in the year above written, and administra- 
tion granted to the executrix. 



n ftaptu. 283 



1489. WALTER PYCHETT. 

[25 MlLLES. FO. 200.] 

20th June, A.D. 1489, I, Walter Fychett, of Hasilbare, make 
my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
church of St. Michael the Archangel of Hasilbare. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells, 2od. 

Item, to the parish church of Hasilbare aforesaid, 2Os. 

Item, to the vicar there, for my tithes forgotten, &c., ios. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Crokehorne, 6s. d. 

Item, to the church of Northperett, 6s. 8d. 

Item, I give and bequeath to Joan, my wife, all the utensils 
of my house, to wit, those which belong as well to the chamber 
as to the hall, pantry, and kitchen. 

The residue of all my goods I will shall be equally divided 
between Joan, my wife, and Roger, my son, provided that the 
said Roger, out of his portion, shall divide 2oli. between 
Thomas Fychett and Walter Fychett, sons of the said Roger ; 
and Joan, my wife, my executrix ; and make Thomas Cogan of 
Montacute, " mercer," my overseer (supervisorem). 

Proved at Lambeth, i6th July, in the year abovesaid by the 
oath of William Beele (literati}^ proctor, &c., and administration 
committed. 



1489. JOHN HAYNE. 

[6 Vox.] 

In Dei nomine, amen, the iiij th day of August the yere of 
oure Lord God IVPCCCClxxxix, I, John Hayne, Freest 1 make 
my testament and wyll in this maner. ^u^st I bequeith my 
soule to allmighty God, &c, my body to be buried w l in the 
church or churchyerd of Crokehom in such place as may be 
seyn convenient for me by myn executors agreing w l the 
wardens therof. 

1 The margin has " Testamentum domini Johannis Hayne." 



284 



Item, I will that all my dettys be payd hooly and truely. 

Item, I bequeith to seint Andrewys church at Wellys, xij< 

Item, I bequeith to the church of Crokehome, vj viij^ 

Item, I bequeith to Wyllyam Webbe, vjs. viij< and a blew 
gowne. 

Item, I bequeith to John Haslade a grene gowne. 

Item, to the seid John, ijs. 

The Residew of all my goodes, &c., I geve to Richard 
Haslade my cosen whom I make myn executor and Thomas 
Haslade the fader of the seid Richard I make supervisor, and I 
geve unto hym for his labour, xiij.f. iiij< 

Proved at Lambeth, 4 th March, A.D. 1493, by the oath of 
Master John Sheffeld, notary public, his proctor, &c. Adminis- 
tration committed to Richard Haslade, the executor, &c. 



1489. JOAN TWYNYHOO. 

[3 VOX. FO. 23.] 

2nd December, A.D. 1489, I, Joan, daughter of Thomas 
Rooley, and Margaret, his wife, late of Bristol, " marchaunt," 
and wife of Roger Tvvynyhoo, of Cayfforde, co. Somerset, 
esquire, with the licence (licencia) of my said husband, make my 
will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial, to be buried in the 
chapel of St. Nicholas in the parish church of St. John the 
Baptist of Frome in Selwood, or in the chancel of the parish 
church of Teffownt Evias [Wilts.] at the end (finem] of the 
altar there, before the image of St. Anne, at the will and 
pleasure of my husband aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Salisbury, 2s. 

Item, to the reparations of the parish church of St. John the 
Baptist of Bristol, in which church my said father and mother 
are buried, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the reparations of the chapel of St. Nicholas in 
Frome aforesaid, 6s. 8d. 



n Cloppe. 285 



Item, to the reparations of the parish church of Teffownt 
Evias, 6s. %d. 

And further, with the permission of my said husband, I will 
that immediately after my death and burial he shall find a 
suitable chaplain to pray for my soul, in one of the churches 
aforesaid, for one whole year next after my decease. 

And moreover, by this my present will, I bequeath and 
devise to the said Roger Twynyho all my messuages, lands, and 
tenements, &c., in the town of Bristol and the suburbs thereof, 
as fully and wholly as the aforesaid Thomas Rooley and 
Margaret, his wife, by their la^t wills disposed and devised the 
same to me, my heirs and assigns ; to hold to my said husband 
and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten ; and, for default of 
such issue, to remain to the right heirs of my said father and 
mother. 

Item, I will that my husband shall dispose of my utensils to 
William Twynyho and Stephen Payne, esquires, and to Cibille 
his wife, and to their sons and daughters, to pray for my soul, 
according to my last communication expressed to my said 
husband. And I make the said Roger my executor, to dispose 
for my soul as shall seem best to him. 

In witness whereof I have affixed my seal to these presents, 
these being witnesses : William Twynyho, Stephen Payne, 
esquires. Robert Payne, Giles South, Simon Mayho, Sir Robert 
Goddisgrace, chaplain, rector of Teffownt, Richard Homer, 
Kypnell, John Dove, Lawrence Hobyet, and many others. 

Proved at Lambeth, 26th November, 1493, and administra- 
tion committed to the executor. 



1489. JOHN CLOPPE. 

[35 MlLLES. FO. 285.] 

A.D. 1489, 2nd March, I, John Cloppe, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of Charde 
before the image of St. Katherine. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells, 3^. 



286 



To the church of Cherde, 5/2. 

To the service of the Blessed Mary of Cherde, 1 $s. ^d. 
To the service of St. Katherine there, 1 3^. ^d. 
To Sir Robert Huby, vicar there, and to each priest 
( ' presbiterd] of the church of Cherde, i$s. ^d. 

Item, to William May, holywater clerk (aquebaiuld) there, 



To the church of Southeperton, 13^. 4^. 

To the church of Hilrnister, 6s. %d. 

To the church of Coumbe St. Nicholas, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the Friars of Brigwater, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to the Friars of Hilchester, 3^-. 4^. 

To the Friars of Bristow, 3^. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to William Cloppe, my son, 6li. i$s. ^d. 

To Thomas Clopp my son, 6li. 1 3^. 4^. ; and the like sum 
to my daughters Alice Cloppe, Joan Cloppe and Isabella Cloppe 
severally. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 
to Margaret, my wife, and William, my son, whom I constitute my 
executors. 

These being witnesses : Sir Robert Huby, vicar there ; Sir 
William Greynlawe, curate there ; John Pynny and John 
Aldston the elder, and others. 

Proved at Lambeth 25th May in the year abovesaid, by the 
oath of Master Nicholas Trappe, n.p., proctor and administration 
committed, &c. 



1490. RICHARD LANGPORT. 

[27 MlLLES. FO. 217.] 

I, Richard Langport. Archdeacon of Taunton, 20th June, A.D. 
1490, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chancel of the 
church of All Saints of Langport. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wells, \2d. 

Item, to five poor persons, five black gowns with hoods 
(quinque togas nigras cum capiciis\ to hold torches (torticias) on 
the day of my burial. 



JSasmg. 287 



Item, I bequeath to Thomas Wodehill, vicar of Langport, 
one hood (capicium) of " scarlett " furred (penulatum). 

Item, to Sir John Gourde, chaplain, my breviary (unum 
portiforium meum\ to pray for my soul. 

The residue of all my goods I give and bequeath to John 
Shepard, my brother, whom I ordain my executor ; and John 
Heyron, gentleman, overseer of this my will. 

(Probate act not entered.") 



1490. EDWARD BASING. 

[34 MlLLES. FO. 275.] 

2 ist [or? 20] June, A.D. 1490, I, Edward Basing, of the 
parish of Clifford 1 in the diocese of Bath and Wells, make my 
will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
Blessed Mary of Stanes. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Alice my wife ; and ordain William Basing, my 
son, my executor, to dispose for the health of my soul as shall 
seem to him best to please God and to profit my soul. 

These being witnesses : John Clarke, the writer of this will ; 
Robert Parker, clerk ; John Revell ; Richard Andrews and 
Richard Wilsone. 

(Probate act not registered.) 

[Inq. p.m. of Edward Basing is dated 7 Hen. VII : see list in vol. xlvii 
of Proc. S. A. and N. H. S. t Part II. 7 Hen. VII is from Aug. 22, 1491, to 
Aug. 21, 1492.] 



1 There is no parish of this name in Somerset. According to Collinson (i, 235), 
in one of the north windows in the nave of Cannington Church, there is or was this 
inscription : 

" rate pro bono siatu (&foavbi Basing." 

I also find Clifford Lodge mentioned in Kelly's Directory as in the parish of 
Cannington, 



2 88 



&omtr*tt OTtlR 



1490. ALEXANDER TUSE. 

[25 MlLLES. FO. 205.] 

2Oth July, A.D. 1490, I, Alexander Tuse 1 of Taunton in the 
diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Apostles Peter and Paul of the Priory of Taunton, in the 
same monument in which Joan, my former wife (anterior uxor 
mea) was buried. 

Item, I bequeath to the store (instauro) of the parish church 
of St. Mary Magdalen, Taunton, to the fabric of the new 
tower there, one pipe of woad (gaide) commonly called woode. 

Item, to the store (instauro} of the fraternity of the Holy 
Sepulchre in the said parish church, los. 

Item, to Master Nicholas Dissum, vicar of the said church, 
to pray for my soul, 2Os. 

To Thomas Tuse, my brother, one gown, one doublet 
(deploidem), one woollen garment (canusiani}? one girdle of 
leather with silver bands (stipatis), one hood (capicium) one 
felt hat (caleptranif and one pair of hose (caligarum). 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Hoper, my servant, for his 
good service done to me, one pipe commonly called " de le 
woode." 

Item, to John Tuse, son of the aforesaid Thomas Tuse, 
one gown. 

Item, to William Colyns of Northcory, one gown. 

Item, I bequeath to the amending of the King's highway 
(vie Regie) stretching from my tenement outside the east gate 
{portent) calltd Tilardisplace, as far as the water running next 
Fullond called Pyfford Water, iocs. 

Item, I bequeath to the amending of the King's highway 
stretching from the east gate of the town of Taunton aforesaid, 
from the cross standing in the east part of the almshouses of 
the Hospital of St. Margaret towards Bathpole, iooj. 

1 The margin has " Testamentum Alexandri Tuse generosi. " 

2 Canusium, an ancient town in Apulia famous for its excellent wool, whence 
canusinatuS) clothed in Canusian wool. (Andrews' Lat. Diet.} 

3 Caleptra, " Pileus z^feltro confectus : chapeait de feutre" (Ducange.) 



289 



Item, to each of my godchildren, \2d. 

And also I give and grant to a suitable chaplain a certain 
annual pension of 6/z. for three years next following after my 
decease, to the intent that the said chaplain shall celebrate mass 
daily in the aforesaid church of St. Mary Magdalene, for the 
souls of me the said Alexander, of Joan and Joan my wives, 
and the souls of my parents, friends and benefactors ; which 
chaplain shall say once in every week of each year of the said 
term placebo and dirige for the souls aforesaid. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
to John Tuse my son, whom I make my executor. 

Proved 8th October in the year abovesaid, by William Beele, 
proctor, &c., and administration committed to the executor 
named. 



1490. JOHN SARGAR. 

[37 MlLLES. FO. 296.] 

1st September, 6 Henry VII [1490], I, John Sargar, the 
elder, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Apostles Peter and Paul of Taunton. 

Item, I bequeath to the Prior and Canons serving God there, 
one " Powderbox " " utputa a pec" of silver and gilt. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of the Blessed Mary 
Magdalen of Taunton, one small silver cup. 

Item, I bequeath to John Sargar, the younger, two dozen of 
silver spoons. 

Also to the same John one large silver cup with the cover 
belonging to the same. Also one gilt cup called " a note," one 
standing bowl of silver half gilt, and one other standing bowl of 
silver. 

Item, one silver gilt cup; one cup covered " Mate " ; one 
standing gilt maser ; one covered " goblett " of silver ; one 
other " goblett " of silver " chasede " ; and one covered silver 
salt. 

Item, I bequeath to Walter my son, one covered silver salt ; 

2 P 



2 90 $om*r0*t OTtllsi. 



one standing silver bowl ; one cup of silver and a cover 
" chasede " ; one other covered " chasede " cup ; one " home," 
bound with silver and gilt ; three silver " masers " bound (ligal) 
and gilt ; one standing " maser " bound with silver and gilt ; 
three " goblettes " of silver ; one dozen of silver spoons and 
four silver spoons, and one " bolle pece " of silver. 

Item, I bequeath to Anastasia, my daughter, one " chasede 
pece " of silver. 

The residue of all and singular my goods not above 
bequeathed, I give and bequeath to the said John Sargar my 
brother, to dispose for my soul ; and I make him executor of 
this my will. 

Proved at Lambeth loth February in the year abovesaid, 
and administration committed to the executor named. 



1490. HENRY BURNELL, ESQ. 

[27 MlLLES. FO. 2l6.] 

A.D. 1490, on the eve of the Epiphany of our Lord, I, Henry 
Burnell, esquire, of the parish of Poyntyngdon in the diocese of 
Bath and Wells, [make my will as follows] : 

I bequeith my body to be buried within the church of the 
monastery of Shirborn in such place as the Mynisters of god 
may stond upon my body in the tyme of the Redyng of the 
gospellis, or els my body to be buried in the myddys of the high 
aulter, so that my body may ligh part underneth the same aulter, 
so that the Mynesters of Crist that shall sey masses ther may 
stond upon my body whiles they shall mynester the blyssed 
sacrament of our Lordes body. Nevertheles I wilnot presume 
this of my self, but shall commytt this vnto the pleasure of the 
good Lorde and iader of the same monastery. 

Item, I bequeith to the forseid good Lorde and fader loos ., 
to pray for my soule with placebo, dirige and masse of 
requiem. 

Item, to my maister the prior and to all my maisters of 
the same Covent, 2Os., for their labors and prayors in the tyme 
of myn obsequies. 



ftunuU, 3$q. 291 



Item, to the parissh church of Shirborn, ios., to pray for me 
in the tyme of myn exequies. 

To the parissh church of Poyntyngdon, 6s. %d. 

Item, I bequeith to the Cathedrall church of Wellys, for 
tithes forgotten, 6s. 8</. 

Item, to the parisshe church of Yevill, 6s. 8</., to pray 
for me. 

Item, to everich of the poor folkes of the almeshowse there, 
8^/., to pray for me. 

Item, to the parish church of Poyntyngdon, 6s. %d. 

Item, I bequeith to my gode and lovyng wyfe all my greynes 
as well at Cherleton as here at home, except that that shalbe 
necessary to be spend at my burying, my monethis mynd, and 
also to be departyd amonges pouer folkes in almes every 
Fryday in the Lent next commyng. Item, all my shepe, 
rotherbestes, with all my wenes and all thinges concerning 
husbondry, except 20 shepe the which I bequeith to Jane my 
doughter ; also I will she remember John, her sonne and myne, 
to depart some catell and some of this husbondry at such season 
as he shall be abyll to sett up husbondry, if she leve so long ; 
also except two kine, which I bequeith to the forseid Jane my 
doughter, also to my said doughter Jane a good vveyght 1 of woll 
[wool]. 

I bequeith to the manage of my doughter Margarete 200 
marces, so that she mary with John Mychell esquier, dwellyng 
within the parish of Canyngton. 

Item, I bequeith to Isabel my doughter 100 marces for her 
manage. 

Item, to my goddoughter Agnes, the which is in the Abbey 
of Wylton, there to be professyd a religious woman, 10 marces. 

Item, to Alice, loos., to make her a nonne in the priory of 
Canyngton. 

Item, I bequeith to Petyr my sonne, nowe beyng in the 
College of Wynchester, loos, yerely toward his exhibicion, 
and that to continewe to the tyme he be promotyd to a 
benefice. 

1 The Library Dictionary gives as one of the meanings of weight ', " a definite mass 
of iron, lead, brass or other metal, to be used for ascertaining the weight of other 
bodies." 



2 9 2 



Item, to Willyam my sonne, after that he shalbe out of his 
moder's gouvernance, 5 marces to finde him to scole. 

I will that my dobelettes of sylke be made into corporas 
cases and other thinges to Goddes use, and my best gownes be 
^iven to my sonnes. The remnant of my weryng gere, except 
my cheynys of golde, shall be departyd betwyx Henry Gardener, 
John Freest, John Tracy and Thomas Sebright my servants ; 
and I bequeith to everych of them los. and their hole yeris 
wages. 

Item, I bequeith to Sir Henry, my godsonne, 6s, &/., to pray 
for me devoutly in his masses ; also a weight of good woll to 
make him therewith a goode gowne and a hoode. 

Item, to Sir Willyam, parish preest here, half a quarter of 
v/hete, a quarter of barley, a quarter of dregge, 1 to make him 
brede and ale with, to pray for me ; also to hing placebo and 
dirige for me as oft tymes as it shall please him. 

Also whereas I have 18 weyghtys of wulle besydes the 
bequestes aforeseyd, I will that it be solde to the uttermost 
value thereof, and the money employed to the bequestes 
aforseyd. 

Immediately after my dethe I will there be made by my 
trew executours a feithfull inventory of all my goodes, which 
shall be departyd in two, z>., one part thereof to perform this 
my will and to content my dettes, and the secunde part to my 
wife, save I will that my wife have thoccupacion of my plate 
while she levyth sole unmaried ; so that after her deceese, other 
else that she mary, other leve unclene of her body ayenst the 
lawes of God, that then all the seid plate, except such as is her 
owne that is to say a standyng cuppe gilt ; 3 bollyd peces 
swagid 2 with oon kover to the same, shall remayne to John my 
sonne and eyre, to whom I bequeith also my cheynes of gold, 
to be delyvered him as sone as he shalbe maried, or els come to 
his full age. Also I bequeith to him and all the remnant of my 
children Cristes hole blessing and myne. 

1 Dredge, a mixture of various kinds of grain, especially of oats and barley sown 
together. (X. E. D.) 

* Swage, " a tool used by workers in metals for shaping their work ; a kind of 
mould, of which there are usually two, an under mould into which the heated metal is 
put, and an upper one which is hammered down over it till the two meet and the 
casting is made." (Library Dictionary.} 



293 



I ordeign my good lord and fader of the forseid monastery 
of Shirborn, Maister Richard, Doctor Fitz James, and my trusty 
wife Isabel! Burnell, and such other as it shall please my said 
lord to name to hym, my executours. 

In witness whereof I, the seid Henry Burnell, to this present 
testament have set my seal and sign manual. 

(Probate act not registered.) 

[This will is written in English. Testator's Inq. p. m., 6 Hen. VII, 
vol. xlvii, 5. A. and N. H. S.] 



1490. ROBERT SAUNDRE. 

[27 MlLLES. FO. 217.] 

I, Robert Saundre, rector of the parish church of Merston, 
in the diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
Merston aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to the said church of Merston, loos. 

Item, to the Carthusian monastery of Witham, loos. 

Item, to each " copill " of men and women married within 
the parish aforesaid, 3^. A^d. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to the Prior of Witham, whom I constitute overseer, 
and to William Powton, whom I constitute executor, of this 
my will. 

(Probate act not registered ; the last probate act fully dated 
is of the year 1490.) 

[1490-1, January 4, Hen. Rolston was instituted rector of Marston Bigot, 
"per mortem Roberti Saunders." (Som. Incs., p. 138.)] 



2 9 4 



1491. WILLIAM STENYNG. 

[8 DOGGETT.] 

loth May, A.D. 1491, I, William Stenyng, make my will in 
this manner: 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of All 
Saints of Selworthy. 

Item, I bequeath 5 marks to the said church to buy a 
chalice, to pray for my soul, and for the soul of Maud my wife, 
and for the soul of Thomas Stenyng, rector of the said church, 
and for the souls of Robert my son and Leva his wife, and for 
the souls of my son William and Agnes his wife, and for the 
soul of Thomasine Pym my daughter. 

Item, I bequeath to Edward Stenyng, my heir, one cup of 
silver and gilt called a " goblet," and a primer (primarium), also 
brass bowls, plates (patellas), spits and andirons (veruta et 
Ipopurgia) and other household stuff (domicilid) to the value of 
20 marks. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Colynges, rector of the church 
aforesaid of Selworth, 6s. 8^/., to pray for my soul and the souls 
aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Benett of Porlocke, chaplain, 
6s. 8^/., to pray for my soul. 

Item, to Sir Peter Trott, my godson, 6s. &d., to pray for 
my soul. 

Item, to Sir Walter Funteyn of Selworthy, chaplain, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the aforesaid church of Selworth, one book which is 
called "the Golden Legend " (Legend aur\ to pray for my soul. 

Item, to John Trott, my best gown. 

To William Kent, another gown. 

Item, to Thomas Yate, a short . . , (here the registered 
copy leaves off). 

[This will is incomplete, and no filed will exists.] 



Ci)omaft ISrofunt. 295 



1491. ROBERT CARTER. 

[40 MlLLES. FO. 320.] 

1 9th May, A.D. 1491, I, Robert Carter of Chew, co. Somerset, 
husbondman, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of 
St. Andrew of Chew. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells, ^d. 

Item, to the church of Chewe, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the chapel of the Blessed Mary, 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath to a suitable priest, to celebrate for my 
soul in the church of Chew for one whole year, 6li. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to Agnes my wife, whom I ordain my executrix, 
to dispose for the health of my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to John Moore $s. ^d. for his labour, and 
I ordain him overseer of this my present will. 

Proved 3ist May, 1491, and administration committed to 
the executrix. 



1491. THOMAS BROWNE. 

[27 Vox.] 

The 6th day of June in the yere of our Lord 1491, I, 
Thomas Browne of Yatton, ordeyne my testament in this 
wise : 

I bequethe my body to be buried in the North side within 
the chirch of Yatton, and unto the use of the said chirch I 
bequethe 40^. in money. 

Item, I bequethe to the cathedrall church of Wellys, 6s. %d. 

Item, I ordeine and bequethe unto John my elder sonne 
alle my londes atte Upton St. Leonard within the corn, of 
Gloucester, after the decesse of rny wife ; and 40/2'. in money. 

Item, to my sonne Robert, 10/2. 

To my dough ter Elizabeth, 4 pipes of Woode. 

To my doughter Isabell, 2 pipes Woode. 

To Katherine, my doughter, 10 marc. 



296 



To Roger Moore, my sonne in law, 4 flatte peces. 

Item, to every godchilde, 4^. 

The residue of alle my goodes not bequeth, I yeue to 
Isabelle my wife, whome I make my sole executrice ; and 
hereto I put my scale in the presence of Roger Moore, Robert 
Neder, John Yonge and other. 

Proved i6th January, 1495, and administration committed 
to the executrix named. 

[Written in English.] 



1492. JOHN WANSPORD. 

[22 UOGGETT.] 

I, John Wansford, Subdean and Canon Residentiary of the 
cathedral church of St. Andrew of Wells, on the 8th day of 
May, A.D. 1492, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the cathedral church 
aforesaid before the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the 
north part of the entrance (introitus) of the choir of the said 
church, where the choristers (choriste) sing the antiphonies, in 
honour of the same glorious Virgin Mary. 

Item, I will that all my debts shall be paid, and that my 
funeral expenses shall be made in all things congruous and 
decently as is fitting, without any worldly pomp. 

Item, I will that to each poor person coming on the day of 
my burial to have alms there shall be given id, 

Item, I give to each canon and vicar of the said cathedral 
church of Wells present at my exequies to be celebrated in my 
house, %d. ; at my exequies in the choir of the aforesaid 
cathedral church, 8<^., and at the mass of requiem on the 
morrow, &d. 

Item, I bequeath to every such canon and vicar present at 
my exequies on the day of the trental (die trigintali) and at 
the mass of requiem to be celebrated in the said church, \6d. 

Item, to each chorister and tabularist (tabularid) present at 
my said exequies and masses, ^d. 



OTansfortr. 297 



Item, to each chaplain of the new college of SS. Anne and 
Catherine of the city of Wells present at my exequies and mass 
to be celebrated in the said college, %d. 

Item, I bequeath to Alice Marton, nun of the house of nuns 
of Keldhome in co. York, 40^. and one maser (inirrain) with the 
cover belonging to the same of silver and gilt. 

Item, to every nun of Keldhome aforesaid, \2d. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Wells aforesaid, 40^. 

Item, I bequeath for my obit to be held in the said church 
for ten years immediately following my death, 1 3/2. 6s. %d. 

Item, I will that a mass shall be said daily (cotidie) every 
day or at pleasure (de die vel ad placituni) in the chapel of the 
Blessed Mary which is called Jesina 1 by a vicar choral for the 
space of ten years in the said cathedral church, and that each 
such vicar choral thus celebrating shall receive per week 14^. 

Item, [ bequeath to Robert Pulvercroft, my servant, 40^., and 
one basin and one candlestick and one ewer (lavacrum) of 
"latyn." 

Item, to Robert Botiller, my servant, 40^., one basin, one 
ewer and one candlestick of " latyn." 

Item, to Stephen Bullok, 26s. 8d., one basin, one ewer and 
one candlestick of " latyn." 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Baldwyn, vicar choral of the 
cathedral church aforesaid, one maser (murrain} with the cover 
of silver and gilt. 

Item, I will that my executors shall ordain wax tapers 
(cereos\ made of 10 Ibs. of wax and eight torches to burn around 
my body at the time of the exequies, mass and burial on the 
day of my death (pbitus]. 

Item, I will that my executors shall cause to be celebrated 
on the day of my death (pbitus) and within fourteen days 
immediately following 100 masses for the health of my soul ; 
and for each mass they shall give ^d. 

Item, I will that none of my executors shall have his legacy 
unless he takes upon him the burden of the execution of this 
my will ; but that the legacy of him so refusing shall be divided 
among the other executors. 

1 See p. 361, note i. 

2 Q 



298 



Item, I bequeath to Master William Bokett, Doctor of 
Decrees, canon residentiary of the cathedral church abovesaid, 
my second best bowl (craterem) of silver with the cover partly 
gilt. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Menyman, vicar choral of the 
said church, my third best bowl of silver with the cover. 

Item, to John Claveslesley, my fourth best bowl of silver 
with the cover. 

Item, to each of my executors, 66s. Sd 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to Master William Bokett, John Menyman, and 
John Clavelleslay, whom I ordain my executors ; and I make 
William Spencer, my kinsman (cognatum), merchant, of the 
town of Bristol, my overseer, to which William Spencer, I 
bequeath and for his labour dispose my best bowl of silver with 
the cover partly gilt, weighing 23! ounces. 

In witness whereof I have affixed my seal to these presents. 

Witnesses : Master Thomas Golderiche, priest (presbitero} 
and by apostolic authority notary public, and Thomas Morys 
of the city of Wells, " literate" 

Proved 3rd February, 1492, by John Clavelleslay, executor, 
and administration committed to the said John, with power 
reserved, &c. 



1492. WALTER DOLYNQ. 

[29 DOGGETT.] 

6th July in the yere of the Incarnacion of our Lord 1492, I, 
Water Dolyng, make my testament in this wise : 

I bequeith my body to be buried where as hit shall please 
God to dispose for hit. 

Item, I bequeith to my lord prior of Taunton for offerings 
and tithes forgoten and left behynde, 40^. 

Item, to maister Nicholas Disham, vicar of the Churche of 
Mary Mawgdeleyn in Taunton, to pray for my soule, 2Os. 

Item, to the making of the newe towre of the seid churche, 
there to be praied for, 



Walter Staling. 299 



Item, to the service of the high crosse of the seid 
churche, $s. 4^. 

To the service of the sepulcre in the seid churche, 3^. 4^. 

Item, to Johanne Dolyng, my doughter, 40/2. 

To Isabell, my doughter, 40/2. 

Item, to Thomas, my son, 40/2'. 

To Agnes, my doughter, 40/2'. ; undre this forme folowyng, 
that is to wite that if hit so happe that Johanne my doughter 
fortune to deye and departe to God then I will that the 40/2'. 
before to her bequeithen resorte and turne to the use and profit 
of all my next children then living ; and so undre that forme 
that hit may be from childe to childe. And if hit so happe 
that all my seid children fortune to deye, then I wull that my 
seid money so bequeithed be putt into sure hands, and to haue 
an honest preste to pray for my soule, my fadre and modre, 
children, wyf, and all my good dears, till hit be fully so spent. 
Also if my seid children so living will not be ruelled by their 
modre, my wyf, and Thomas Fisshar in their manages and 
guydyng, then I will that my seid wif and Thomas Fisshar 
dispose hit at their pleasire and will, and nott as theirs in no 
wise. 

Item, I bequeith to Harry Dolyng, my brother, my best 
gowne furred or lyned whatsoeuer he be, with a gilt cuppe 
couered. 

Item, to Margarete, my suster, a paire of bedes of corall 
gaudied with siluer and gilt, to pray for my soule. 

Also I bequeith to pover people havyng moost nede, to pray 
for my soule, a pece of good bukeram cloth. 

Item, I wull at the day of my burieng that the hole herce of 

the sepulcre with all the light therto belonging brenne about 
my body duryng the season till the service and masses be doon 
therefor paieng to the wardens thereof los. 

Item, I wull that Master vicar haue beyng at my dirige and 
at my masses 1 2d. ; and euery prest there beyng to haue 4^., 
and euery clerke, 2*/., that syngeth there. 

Item, I wull that my lord prior of Taunton have, he beyng 
at my dirige and at masse in the morowe in the priorie, 3^. \d. ; 
and the supprior, 2s. 6d. ; and euery Chanon there being at my 
dirige, I2d., and euery novice, &/. 



3 oo 



Wilts;. 



Item, I wull that there be 6 pover people clothed in blak 
bering 6 torches, every of thaym to haue a blak gowne, a hode 
to the same, and 2d. in money, and mete and drynke. 

Also I will that immediatly after my deth my burgage with 
thappurtenaunce that Richard Best nowe dwelleth yn be 
delivered in fee for euer unto my lord prior of Taunton, to pray 
for my soule ; that is to wite that immediately after my deth 
there be in the churche of the seid priory euery day whiles the 
wordle standeth a rennyng masse 1 ther seyd, praying for me, my 
wif, our fadres and modres and all our children and all our good 
dears. And in any wise that there be suertee founde by the 
seid priorye undre the Convent scale that this in any wise be 
truly doon, and els that this place be yn no wise delivered. 

Also I will that incontinent after my decesse myne 
executors ordayne an honest preste to singe masse and praie for 
my soule the space of an hole yere in the chapell of Jrius 
within the churche of St. Mary Mawgdeleyn in Taunton. 

Also I bequeith to Richard Yong, brother to my wif, a fyne 
pece of douglas, 2 and my secunde best gowne, and my signet of 
gold that is graven. 

Also I bequeith to Nicholas Whitlond, son unto my wif, 40$. 

To eueryche of myne apprentices nowe being with me 
above their covenauntes and wages, $s. ^d. 

Also I bequeith to the high way betwixt this and blakbroke 
brige for the mendyng of hit, 40^. 

The residue of all my goodes not bequeithen I give and 
bequeith to Mawde my wif, to dispose thaym as hit shall please 
her ; and of this my last vyill I make and ordeyne Mawde my 
wif and Thomas Fisshar myne executors. 

In witnes whereof I haue writen this my testament with 
myne owne hand and sealed hit with my signet. 

Proved, 2;th August, 1493, by Thomas Fisshar of Taunton, 
executor named, and William Beele, proctor in this behalf of 
Maud the relict and executrix, and administration com- 
mitted, &c. 

[Written in English.] 

'* Missa currens," a mass running on from day to day (see Notes on Medieval 
Services in England, by Chr. Wordsworth, p. 17). 

* Probably for dowlas, a coarse linen manufactured in Normandy and Brittany. 



301 



1492, JOHN LASTY. 

[7 VOX. FO. 50.] 

1 7th January, A.D. 1492, I, John Lasty, canon residentiary of 
the cathedral church of Wells, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chapel of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary next the cloister of the cathedral church 
aforesaid, near the tomb wherein lies buried the body of John 
Lasty my nephew. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said cathedral church 
of Wells 6s. Sd 

Item, I bequeath 2os. to be distributed amongst the poor on 
the day of my burial, to pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to Master John Gunthorp, Dean of the said 
cathedral church, one standing cup, silver gilt, with its cover, 
which cup I gave to him heretofore and put him in full 
possession thereof, reserving to me the use of the said cup so 
long as it should please the most High for me to live (agere in 
humanis], 

Item, I bequeath to Master Nicholas Nykke, Doctor of both 
laws {utriusque juris), my kinsman (cognato\ one silver gilt cup 
with its cover of like make with the cup I have above 
bequeathed to the said Master John Gunthorp, and my best 
silver salt with its cover. 

Also three books of Marcus Tullius Cicero ; the first, to wit, 
of the epistles, 2 fo. : Altricacione \ the second, " de officijs" 
2 fo. : " neque ulla " ; and the third, " de amicia " (sic), 2 fo. ; 
mo. videretur. 

Item, I bequeath to Richard Burley, esquire, my ring of 
gold, to pray for my soul. 

Item, to Sir Richard Tyke, priest, my small breviary 
(fortiforium), to pray for my soul. 

Item, to John Rosby, my servant (servienti\ all the apparel 
being in my parlour (parhira) in which I lie, to wit, my whole 
bed there, and the cloths hanging round the walls of the said 
parlour, with all and singular the '^bankers, quysshons," tables, 
little forms (formulis) and stools (scabellis) and all the fire 



302 



utensils (instruments ad ignein) to the same belonging, the 
ancient utensils, if there be any there, nevertheless excepted. 

Item, I bequeath to the said John Rosby, 40^., to pray for 
my soul. 

Item, to Thomas Awne, my servant, all and singular the 
vessels of every sort belonging to my kitchen, to wit, " pottis, 
pannes, Andyrons, Rackes, Hokes, Crokes, broches, knyves " ; 
and 40.$-. in money. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Geele, my servant, all the 
apparel being in my hall, to wit, the cloths hanging there, six 
" quyshons and banker," and all things to the same belonging, to 
wit, bordys, tabils and scabels ; ancient utensils and hall tables 
(tabtir allaribus) fixed to the ground (terre) and other fixtures 
(alijs stability) there nevertheless excepted ; also 2Os. in money 
to pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Goldwege, priest {presbitero\ for 
his labour bestowed upon me, my second best gown, to pray for 
my soul. 

Item, to Otho More of Welle, my silver gilt " goblet " with 
its couer, having a ring wrought (expression) on the said cover, to 
pray for my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to Margery Awne, wife of the said 
Thomas, my servant, one gown at the discretion of my 
executors. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to the said Master Richard Nycke, whom I make 
my sole executor, to dispose at his discretion as shall seem best 
to him. 

In witness whereof I have called Masters Thomas Goldwege 
and Robert Williamson, by apostolic authority notaries public, 
Sir Richard Tyke, chaplain, Otho More and Thomas Awne, 
then there present, to bear witness to the truth upon the making 
of this my present will. 

Proved 5th February, 1493, by the oath [blank]. 



n fHt&m, 3Ej(q[. 303 



1492. JOHN HUGYN, ESQ. 

[11 Vox.] 

A.D. 1492, I John Hugyn, esquire, make my will in this 
manner. 

My body to be buried in the churchyard of St. Andrew of 
Witstaunton. 

Item, I bequeath to the church aforesaid x\.s. 

Item, I bequeath to the light (luminz) of the Blessed Mary 
of Witstaunton my best gown (togani). 

Item, I bequeath to the same church one doublet (deploideiri) 
of " velewett," and another doublet (deploideni) of " Satyn." 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Wellys iij iiij< 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Combe, iij iiij^f. 

Item, to the church of Buklonde iij iiij^ 

To each of my godsons (cuilibet confilio meo) an " Ewe." 

Item, to Denis, my servant, three sheep. 

To William Stere two gowns and two doublets (deploides}. 

Item, I bequeath to Elizabeth Stere and to the wife of 
William Stere eight yards of cloth. 

Item, to Walter Hugyn, my brother, one pair of new hose 
(caligarum)} 

Item, I bequeath to Joan, my daughter and heir, all my 
" plate." 

Item, I bequeath to the rector of Witstaunton one " le croppe 
de le Otys" in the close called " Hele," in the year first following. 

Item, I bequeath to Parnella, my little girl (parve mee 
puelle], C.s. 

The residue of my goods I give to Elizabeth my wife, 
whom I make my executrix to dispose for the health of my 
soul. 

Item, I bequeath to Roger Holand 4 marks, whom I 
make supervisor. 

Item, " lego xij boues ad inde faciendum unam capellam super 
me juxta ostium cancelle in australi parte ecclesie" 

Proved at Lambeth 2/th April, A.D. 1494, by the oath of 
Elizabeth, the relict and executrix named, &c. 

1 Prompt. Parv. t p. 248. 



304 



1493. THOMAS MORE. 

[2 VOX. FO. 14.] 

i oth April, A.D. 1493, I, Thomas More, make my will in this 
manner: 

I bequeath my body to holy burial in the church of 
St. Andrew of Chedder, to be buried there before the altar of 
St. Nectanus by Joan, late my wife ; and for this burial I 
bequeath to the said church 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells 2Os. 

Item, to each light (lumini} of the said church, 8d. 

Item, to the vicar of the said church, 2od., and to each priest 
(sacerdoti] of the same, \2d., and to the holy- water clerk (aque- 
baiulo) &d. ; to the sacristan (sacriste) of the said church, 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to Richard Ellys wordy icxy., and to Richard 
Baker, 6s. Sd. ; to John Wynter, 6s. 8d. ; to William Evan, $s. ^d. ; 
to Charles Harper, $s. ^d. ; to Alice Hummer, iocxy., six spoons 
and a " maser " ; to Alice Whytyng, IQS. ; to Joan Browne, 
35-. 4d. ; and to each of my godchildren of either sex, 6d. 

Item, I bequeath to John Store one gown (togam), and six 
spoons, one cup and one maser (murram}. 

To Robert Colyns, one gown. 

To Andrew Colyn, one gown. 

To Anne Smalcome, six spoons. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Agnes my wife, to John Benet the elder and John 
Benet the younger, whom I ordain my executors, to dispose for 
the health of my soul. 

Proved before Master Robert Shirbourne, Treasurer of the 
cathedral church of Hereford, commissary, &c., 24th July, 1493, 
and administration committed, &c. 



1493. JOHN HOWNESLOW. 

[31 Vox.] 

The 28th day of April, A.D. 1493, I, John Howneslowe, late 
of the town of Bristol, " mercator" diocese of Worcester, of the 



Cfjocfct. 305 



age of 22 years, then servant and apprentice of John Geffreys 
alias Cokkes, of the city of Bath, alderman. 

My body to be buried in the churchyard of the parish church 
of St. Mary de Stalles, diocese of Bath and Welis. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother cathedral church of Wells 



Item, I bequeath to find a fit priest to celebrate for my soul 
and the souls of my parents for the space of two years in the 
said parish church of St. Mary of Stalles 18 marks of lawful 
money of the goods bequeathed to me by the will of my father, 
as yet being in the hands of his executors. 

Item, I bequeath 40^. to buy a book called " magnum 
portiforium" otherwise called u Legger" to remain in the said 
parish church, of the goods bequeathed to me by the will of my 
said father, being in the hands of his executors. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Payne, my brother, of the said 
goods xx 

Item, " lego duabus amisis vocatis ' auntes ' utrique 
illarum, xx" 

Item, I bequeath all and singular lands, rents, and tenements 
which my said father purchased of the house of the abbey of 
Nethe to the said John Geffreys alias Cokkes my master. 

The residue of all my goods I give to the said John Geffreys, 
my master, whom I make my executor by these presents. 

These being witnesses : Sir John Chaundeler, my confessor, 
Richard Stephyns, clerk of the said parish church, David 
Thomlyns, and many others. 

Proved at Lambeth 27th July, A.D. 1496, by the oath of 
Robert Donoff, proctor, &c. Administration committed to the 
executor named, &c. 



1493. ELISABETH CHOCKE. 

[28 DOGGETT.] 

The v day of May in the yere of ou r Lord God 
Mkxcclxxxxiij. 

I Elisabeth Chocke being in pure widiowhode professed and 

3 R 



306 Corner sift 



sacred to holy chastite, vexid with bodyly syknes nevertheles 
hole and perfite in mynde thanked be my Lord God, &c. 

Furst I bequeith my soule to allmyghty God my maker to 
ou r Lady saint Mary and to all the holy saintes of heuen and 
my body to be laide besides my husbond within the parish 
church of Stauntondrewe. 

Also I bequeith to the modre church of Welles, iijs. iiij^f. 

Also to the church of foresaide Stauntondrewe, xl. 

Item, I bequeith to the Image of ou r Lady stonding at 
the high aulter in the said parish church the Ring of my 
profession. 

Item, to the vicare of the foresaid Stauntondrewe to pray for 
my soule and the soules of my frendes, xx 

Item, to the parissh preste of the said Staunton Drewe, vjs. 



Item, to the parissh church werkf of Longeaishton, xx 

Item, to the chapell of ou r Lady in the church yerde of 
Chewe, iijj. iiijtf. 

Item, to Isabell Cocke my servant, vjs. viij^ 

Also I will that myri executors cause to be expended at my 
funerallis and monethis mynde amonge prestes pou r people and 
in other thinges necessary and belonging to the same entent to 
the surne of xl marks. 

Furthermore I will and ordeigne the charges of my funerallis 
with the monethis mynde performed and donne my dettes truly 
paide the testament of my husbond fully executed myn 
executours according to reason manerly for there labou r 
rewarded my houshold servantes of theire wagis contentede, 
then of such goodes as shall remayne unbequethed that it 
woll pleise myri executours of theire charite to purvey an 
honest prest by y e space of a yere, other ij at theire pleasure, 
dayly when he is disposede to say his masse in the said parissh 
church of Stauntondrewe, praying specyally for the soules of 
my husbond and myn and for such soules as shall please myn 
executours to assigne. The Residue of all my goodes (&c.) I 
frely geve to sir John Sintloo, knight, and to John Chock my 
son whom I make myn executours. 

Theis witnes. Nichus Saintlow, Maude his Syr, Hugh 
Wabo r ne, parson of Crowmale, and sir Denys parissh prest. 



307 



Proved at Lambeth 26th August, A.D. 1493, by the oath 
of Robert Donofif, "literati? proctor, &c. Administration 
committed to the executors named, &c. 

[Inq. p. m., 9 Hen. VII, S. A. andN.H. 5., xlvii, ii, 25.] 



1493. THOMAS OVEREY. 

[4 VOX. FO. 27.] 

1 8th July, 1493, I, Thomas Overey, 1 of Wells, clerk and 
precentor of the cathedral church of Wells, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the new chapel of the 
Blessed Mary next the cloister (claustruni) of the cathedral 
church aforesaid, before the door (ostium) of the entry (introitus) 
into the chancel of the said chapel, at the back of (retro) the 
grave (sepulturam} of my lord of good memory, Robert, late 
bishop of Bath and Wells. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
St. Andrew of Wells, 40^. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Westmonkton, 2Os. 

To the fabric of the church of Pylton, 2os. 

To the fabric of the church of Congresbury, 2Os. 

To the fabric of the church of St. Laurence of Wyke, 2Os. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Compton Dunden, 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Overay, my tyother, one gown 
of " Muster de vylers " 2 furred (flenulatam) with " Calabyr 
Grey " 3 ; also 66s. %d. in money. 

Item, I bequeath to Eleanor Sydenham, my sister, one long 
gown (togam talarein) of Crymysen, and in money counted 
(nuiuerata) 40^. 

Item, I bequeath for the marriage of Joan and Alice, 
daughters of John Sydenham and the aforesaid Eleanor, his 
wife, 10 marks of money of England, to wit, to each of them 
66s. 8</. 

1 Called " Magisler" in margin. 

2 Grey cloth made at Monteviliers in Normandy. 

3 Calabrian badger fur, grey = badger. (See Skeat's Dictionary.) 



308 



Item, I bequeath to Peter Overey, my brother, 40^. 

Item, to Robert Overay, my kinsman (consanguineo\ the 
elder, loos. 

To Robert Overay, my kinsman (consanguine^ the younger, 
I oar., and a silver piece. 

Item, to Isabel, his wife, one long (talarem) gown (togairi) of 
scarlett furred (penulatam) with " popilfurr." 1 

Item, I bequeath to Sir Richard Mader 2 of Mounkton one 
long (talarem) gown of " Musterdevilers " with its hood. 

Item, to the parish church of Laceby one osculatory, 
" Anglice paxbrede," to the value of 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Algar of Congaresbury one 
other long gown of "^Musterdevilers " with a hood. 

Item, to the parish church of Bradeley, 3 where I was baptized, 
another osculatory of the value of 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to Master Thomas Wade my gown of 
russet (rosett) colour, which I late had of Elizabeth Symmys 
of Monkton. 

Item, to Thomas Gryffyth, my servant (servienti\ 2Os. 

To John Cowper, 26s. %d. 

To David Panter, 20s. 

To Roger Pomefeld, 2Os. 

To John Evan, 2Os. 

To Richard Kymber, 2os. 

To Richard Bythesee, 2os. 

To John Benne, my boy (puero) for his exhibition at 
school, 2os. 

And I will that if the said John shall proceed to the grade 
of priest he shall have one of my worst breviaries (portiforibus) 
at his choice. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Bargh 2os. 

To Alice Dent, my kinswoman, to her marriage, 



1 Pople, fur from the back of the squirrel. (Fairholt's Costume in England.} 
This rare word occurs in Rogers's Agriciilture and Prices, i, v, p. 122, " The 
garment was trimmed with fur ... various as miniver, bug-eye, popul and 
stanling." 

2 R. Mader was Overay's curate at West Monkton ; he was afterwards Vicar of 
Pitminster, and died in 1509. 

3 This is Bradley, co. Lincoln, a few miles south of Grimsby, in the register of 
which latter parish the name Overay occurs at the beginning of the register (1538). 



Cijomas <&bmv. 309 



Item, I bequeath to Master Richard Nykke 1 one silver bowl 
" powneced," 2 with a cover, called "a Riding Cupp." 

Item, to Thomas Griffith's wife, my green cloak (clamideni}. 

Item, to Isabel Overey, my bed in the great chamber with 
the apparel thereof. 

Item, I will that my executors shall sell my best cup of 
serpentine stone gilt, and with part of the price thereof coming 
shall have and maintain one suitable chaplain, to pray for three 
years after my decease, and to celebrate divine service for my 
soul and for the souls of my lords Robert Stillyngton, late 
bishop of Bath and Wells, and John Valence, 3 late bishop of 
Tenos (Tinensis). 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
commit to the discretion of my executors, whom I make the 
venerable man Master Richard Nykk, Thomas Wade, clerk, 
Robert Overay, my brother, John Sydenham of Wyuelescombe, 
Robert Overay the elder and Robert Overay the younger, my 
kinsmen. And I will that each of my executors aforenamed 
shall receive of my goods, for his labour, 40^. 

These being witnesses : Sir Richard Deke, chaplain, John 
Cowper, Robert Boughe and others. Given at Wells. 

Proved at Lambeth 5th November, 1493, an< 3 administration 
committed to the executors. 

[This will has been published in the Reliquary for October, 1893 (N.S., 
vol. vii, No. 4, p. 218), with notes by the present editor, from which we take 
the following dates : 

1449. Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford. 

1450, June 1 6. Rector of Cheddon. 

1450-1, January 23. Supplicates for B.C.L. Oxon. 

1 4S3~S- Principal of Deep Hall, Oxford. 

1459, June 15. Rector of Stawleigh. 

1459-60, January 8. Vicar of Milverton. 

1465, December 23. Vicar of Wellington. 

1467-8, February 13. Rector of Badgworth. 

1470, September 22. As Prebendary of Compton Dundon presents to 
that vicarage. 

1 Archdeacon of Wells 1494, Bishop of Norwich 1501-36. 

- Indented or pricked with a sharp instrument, a method of ornamenting plate 
used by the Moors in letters or shapes of flowers. (Test. Vet., i, xxxii.) 

:) Suffragan of Wells, 1459-79. (Keg. Sac. AngL, 2nd ed., p. 200.) His 
surname was unknown till this will was found. 



310 



1470, October 4. Vicar of Clevedon. 
1471. Chancellor of Wells. 
1471-2, February 19. Precentor of Wells. 
1471-2, March 12. Rector of Westmonkton. 
1479, June 13. Vicar of Congresbury. 

1493, August 10. Thomas Colson collated to the stall of Compton 
Dundon " per mortem Thome Overay." 

(The authorities are given in the Reliquary^ 



1493. ADAM HAMELYN. 

[29 DOGGETT.] 

The eve of saint Margarete the virgyne and in the yere of 
our lord God 1493, I, Adam Hamelyn of Brigewater, make 
this my present testament and last will as foloweth : 

I bequeith my body to be buried in the churche of the 
towne aforesaid. 

Also I bequeith to the high auter a cuppe of siluer. 

Also to euery auter in the same churche, \2d. 

Also I bequeith to the seid high auter, 2s. 

Also I bequeith to Isabell my wife all the occupieng and 
kepyng of my plate and jewelles for terme of her liffe. 

Also to John Wymer and Margarete his wif a cuppe and a 
salt of siluer immediatly after the deth of the seid Isabell ; and 
also a pipe of wode ; and I forgive all suche dettes and dueties 
as the seid John is now to me owyng. 

Also I bequeith to John Hamlyn my brother a pipe of 
wyne and a pipe of wode. 

To William Burges, a cuppe of siluer. 

Also I giue and bequeith to the seid Isabell my wif all my 
landes and tenementes that I haue in Brigewater and in the 
hundred of Northpederton for terme of her lyf. And after the 
decesse of the seid Isabell I will that all the seid landes in 
Northpederton aforeseid called Shobell remayne to the seid 
John Wymer and Margarete and to the heires of the same 
Margarete ; and for defaute of issue of the seid Margarete I 
will that all the seid landes remayne to John Hamlyn my 
brother and his heires, and for defaute of issue of the said John 



311 



to remayne to my heires that shalbe next of my blode. And 
for the tenement that I now dwell yn I wull that the Maier 
Ballives and burges of the towne aforeseid, by the way and 
right of their corporation, immediatly after the deth of the seid 
Isabell my wif, do enter and sease in the seid tenement, and hit 
to holde and kepe to thayme and their successors undre this 
condicion to this my will so that of thissues and profittes of the 
same tenement yerly to be had by the Chantry preste of the 
perpetuall chantry in the churche aforeseid be kept a solempne 
obite there for my soule and my wife's soule, our faders and 
moders soules and all our frendes for ever. And the residue of 
the revenues cummyng of the seid tenement to goo to the 
augmentacion and contentacion of masses to be seid chapell 
for euer more. And as for the tenement that now Harry lily toker 
dwelleth yn, after the decesse of the seid Isabell my wif, I wull 
to remayne holy to my heires for euer. 

All other goodes and dettes to me due I give thaym to 
Isabel my wif, that she doo pay my dettes, and doo for her 
soule and myne and all cristen soules ; the whiche Isabell I 
make my hole executrice. 

Witnes herof : John Parys, late beyng Maier of the seid 
towne and notary public ; John Hamlyn ; Robert Kokes ; 
William Burges and meny others. 

Proved 28th August, 1493, by William Beele, proctor in 
this behalf, and administration committed to the relict and 
executrix named. 

[Written in English.] 



1493. JOHN HAYNE. 

[3 Vox.] 

The 28th day of August, A.D. 1493, I, John Hayne, &c. 

My body to be buried in the church of Bruham. 

Item, I bequeath to the same church one heifer (juvencam). 

Item, to the cathedral church of Wells, ij.?. 

Item, to the churche of Frary, 1 iij iiij^. 

1 The modern Witham Friary j it was a house of Carthusian monks, 



312 $omcnfet OTtlte. 



Item, I bequeath to the priory of Stauerdale one heifer. 

The residue of my goods I give to John Exhyl and Agnes, 
my wife, and I make them my executors,* that they may ordain 
and dispose for my soul as shall seem best to them. 

Proved at Lambeth. 



1493. MARGERY MOLEYNS. 

[ 10 VOX. FO. 73.] 

A.D. 1493, the 1 3th day of September, I, Margery Moleyns, 
late wif of Robert Moleyns of Bruton within the dioces of 
Bath and Wellis, make my testament in this maner of 
fourme : 

I bequeyth my body to be buried in the churcheyerd of 
Bruton by " gibbis mary " ; and I bequeith to the modur church 
of Wellis \2d. 

Also I bequeith to the werkis of the parishe church of 
Bruton a cuppe of siluer. 

Also I bequeith to the brethered of our Lady in the said 
churche a maser. 

Item, I bequeith to our Lady in the Priory churche my 
wedding ring. 

The residew of my goodis not geuen nor bequeithen, my 
dettes paid, I geue and bequeith to John Brokeway, my sonne 
in law, and Alis his wife, whom I ordaine myne execeturs, that 
they ordayne and dispose for the helth of my soule as they best 
thinke. 

Theis beryng witnes : Sir Edward Huchins, my Curate ; 
Wiltm Clerk; John Monke. Item, John Braunche ; Thomas 
floure ; Symond Bushe ; Wilim Reynolds ; John Baker ; with 
many other. 

Proved 4th May, 1494, and administration granted, &c., &c. 
[Written in English.] 



313 



1493. HENRY BYSSHOP. 

[3 VOX. FO. 21.] 

23rd October in the year of our Lord 1493, I, Henry 
Bysshop of Taunton, marchaunt, make my testament undre 
forme folowyng : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chapel which shall 
be of St. Antony in the church of St. Peter and Paul, Priory of 
Taunton aforesaid. 

I charge my executors immediately after my departing to 
make the said chapel substantially. 

I bequeath unto my Lord Prior of the said place for my 
tithes forgotten, and to pray for me and my wife, a pipe of 
" Ode " [woad]. 

Item, unto Marie Mawdelyn church, five whole cloths, which 
shall be divided between the " towur " and the two services ; 
three to the " towur " and two to the services, drawing in 
value lO/z. 

An honest priest shall sing for me in the said church of 
Marie Mawdeleyn, for the space of three years, taking by the 
year nine marks. 

Item, I bequeath unto the making and mending of Tone 
brigg in Taunton, breast high, 4/2'. 

I will that my executors make the " cawcy " from John 
Roper's close gate until they come to the cross of Pyffordes 
brigg. 

I bequeath unto the marriage of my brother's daughter a 
pipe " Ode." 

Item, unto my brother John Bysshop, a quarter of my bark 
and a pipe " Ode " ; orelse four whole " clothes," " with that 
[condition] that he will go into Spain with the said bark for 
my profit." 

Item, I will and ordain that, if William my son die without 
issue, my land shall return half to my wife and to my brother's 
children, reserving an obit to be holden yearly in the church of 
Marie Mawdeleyn of the value of js. 

Item, I will that the same day be distributed to poor people 
in farthing bread 35. ^d. 

2 S 



314 



I will that every constable of the said town, being present 
the day of the said dirige and mass shall have 8d. apiece, and 
every port reeve 4^., every bayly 2d. y and every alderman id. 

Item, I will that the foresaid priest be content of his wages 
till the said William my son come to lawful age. 

Item, I bequeath to Master John Bysshope my best grained 
gown, my doublet of velvet and a tippet of the same. 

Item, to Master Nycholas Dussum, vicar of Taunton, to 
pray for me, los. 

To the convent of the priory aforesaid, to be made brother 
there, half a pipe " Ode " ; and they to come home and say 
dirige and mass in the day of my sepulture at the same charge. 

Item, to every priest of Mawdelyn, to be present at my 
dirige and mass, i6d. 

Item, to the " owte " clerk, ^d. 

Item, to Thomas Theyn 1 [?], clerk, a gown and 6s. Sd. } to 
pray for me and my wife and my good doers. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed, I give and 
bequeath to Isabel, my wife, and William, my son, whom I 
ordain to be my very true executors, and Alys Brounyng with 
him to his behoof ; and if the said William die within the age 
of marriage, that then it return to my wife, to dispose for my 
soul at her will. And Robert Bysshop, my father, and William 
Nethway to be overseers to see my will fulfilled with the grace 
of God. 

(Probate act is not registered.) 



1493. JOHN DAYSSHELL. 

VOX. FO. 52.] 

I3th November, A.D. 1493, I, John Daysshell, make my 
testament in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
monastery of the Blessed Mary of Keynesham. 

[I bequeath] to my confessor, 6s. Sd. 

1 Written at the end of a line : " J> e yn." 



TOtlltam fivckt. 315 



Item, I bequeath to the Friars Minors and to the Augus- 
tinian Friars of Bristol, to each of their houses 2s. 6d. 

Item, to each of my sons held by me at the holy font, 
and presented (sublimatorum) 1 to the sacred hands of the 
bishop, ^.d. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Alice, my wife, whom I make my executrix, and 
Thomas Byce and Nicholas Lemman overseers. 

Proved 8th February, 1493, and administration committed to 
the executrix named. 



1493. WILLIAM NYCKE. 

[14 Vox.] 

1 3th February, A.D. 1493, I, Wyllyam Nycke, Archidiacon of 
Wellys, ordayne this my laste wylle in maner and forme 
folowyng : 

I bequeith my body to be buryed in the hooly buryall 
according to the discrecyon of myne executur. 

Item, I bequeith to the churche wher hit shall please God 
my body to rest, 6s. 8d. sterlinges. 

Item, to the churche of Wellys, a pair of vestementys. 

Item, I bequeith unto Richard of Dale, my servaunt, 20/2. 

Item, I wyll that my kynsfolkys be remembrid according 
unto the discrecyon of myne executurs, my brothur Maister 
Richard Nycke, unto whome I geve and bequeith the residew of 
all my goodys moveable and unmoveable wher so euyr they 
may be founde, and of this my laste wylle I ordayne and make 
my executor my said brothur, desiring him at the reuerence of 
God to do for my sowle as he wold I shuld do for him in lyke 
case. Theis witnes : Maistur Rauf Scrope, Maister Hugh 
Dacre, 2 John Prudde, Adam of Myre and dyuers othur. 

1 Sublimatio, (i) amplitude, (2) amplificatio, incrementum. (Ducange.) It seems 
that the word refers to the rite of confirmation. 

54 His will proved 1509, in which he is described as "Hugh Dacre, elk., Dacre, 
Cumberland; Netherbury, Dorset; Wem, Salop." (24 Bennett.) 



316 Jbonwnlrt 



Proved 4th November, 1494, and administration granted to 

the executor named. 

[Written in English.] 

[Testator was Archdeacon of Wells i473~94, when he died and was 
succeeded by his brother, Richard, who in 1501 became Bishop of Norwich.] 



1494. NICHOLAS SELWOODE. 

[9 VOX. FO. 70.] 

29th May, A.D. 1494, I, Nicholas Selwoode, late of Chard, 
make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chapel of Jesus 
within the chapel 1 of the Apostles Peter and Paul of the 
monastery of Montacute (Monte acutd). 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells, to the 
fabric of the said church, \2d. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of the monastery 
aforesaid, 2od. 

Item, to a monk (commonaco] of the said monastery, to 
celebrate daily for my soul for one whole year, 6li. 6s. 8d. 

Item, to John, my son, 40^. 

To Robert, my son, 40^. 

To Sir John (Domino) my son, 40^. 

To William, my son, 40^. 

To Joan, wife of John Dene, 40^. 

To Alice, late wife of John Alstone, 40^. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed, as well 
debts as other things, I give and bequeath to Sir John, my son, 
and Alice, late wife of John Alstone ; to wit, of the debt of 
6li. 6s. 8d. which William Cogan owes me, out of which I 
bequeath 40*. to Joan, wife of the said William, and the rest to 
the monk abovesaid for the daily celebration. 

And further I give to the said Sir John and Alice all my 
goods both moveable and immoveable, and I ordain them my 
executors. 

Proved 22nd June, 1494, and administration committed, &c. 
1 Sic MS., but church is meant. 



Cage. 317 



1494. JOHN MARK. 

[l2 VOX. FO. 89.] 

A.D. 1494, 7th June, I, John Mark, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the Blessed 
Peter and Paul of Shipton Malett. 

I bequeath to the fabric of the said church 3/2'. 6s. %d. 

Item, to the four lights (lmninibus\ $s. ^d. 

Item, to the reparation of the bells, 3^. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath for my burial in the said church, 6^. 8</. 

Item, for the placing (imposicione] of my name and the name 
of my wife in the calendar, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the mother church, \2d. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Pilton *jd. 

Item, to each of my godsons and goddaughters, commonly 
called " godchildren," 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to my godson Thomas, one bowl, six 
spoons of silver, and one maser (murrain). 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to my son John ; and I make my sons, to wit, 
Thomas and John, executors of this my will, and constitute John 
Cerne and Richard Marke overseers. 

Proved at Lambeth 6th July, 1494, and administration 
committed, &c. 



1494. WILLIAM CASE. 

[20 Vox.] 

The I4th day of June in the yere of our Lord God 1494, I, 
William Case, make my testament in this maner : 

First, I bequethe my body to be buried in the parissh chirch 
of Norton undre Hamedon, in the South He of the same. 

Item, I bequethe to the same chirch a paire of vestmentes 
price of 2Os. ; to the parson of the same chirch, a gowne ; and to 
the vicar of Mountague [Montacute], a gowne. 



3 i8 



Also I bequethe to Edith, my doughter, my cheyne of goold, 
a basyn and lavor of siluer, myne armes printed thereon, a 
stonding cuppe covered and gilt, I salt uncovered part gilt ; and 
to Marye, myne other doughter, a stondyng cuppe covered part 
gilt, a salt covered part gilt, and six sponis. And if any of my 
doughters die byfore the other and or they be maried that thenne 
she that overliveth shalhaue the hoole bequest, yf she be rulid 
and wele maried by thaduise of hir moder and my feoffees. And 
if not, or els bothe of theym dye by fore they be maried or of 
age of 20 yeris, that thenne I geue and bequethe the said cheyne 
and plate to Marye my wife, she to rewarde and set forth with 
2 partis thereof my 2 bastard sonnes by the oversight of Master 
Speke, squire. 

Also I geue and bequethe to John Case and Thomas 
bastardes of Richard Case, to either of them 40^. to there 
mariage. 

Item, to eueriche of my yeomen servants to the noumbre of 
12, a paire of brigondires gussettes and folde. 

Item, to Sir William Hoody, knight, my gossehawke. 

Item, to my lady Fitz Watereyn, my faire lute. 

To my brother John Case, a gowne of tawny furred with 
shankes, with a larger reward at the discrecion of my wife, with 
that he put away from him one Kateryne his servant. 

The residue of alle my goodes I bequethe to Marye my wife, 
whome I make with Maister Speke, esquier, my executours. 

Proved 3Oth January in the year abovesaid, and administra- 
tion committed to the executrix, with power reserved, &c. 

[This will is written in English. Testator's Inq. p. m., 10 Hen. VII. 
(Proc. S. A. and N. H. 5., xlvii, ii, 23.)] 



1494 e JOHN ROCHE. 

[16 Vox.] 

1 8th July, A.D. 1494, I, John Roche, late son of William 
Roche, of Taunton, co. Somerset, draper, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in holy burial where God 
shall please. 



319 



Item, I bequeath to the parish church of St. Mary Magdalen 
of Taunton, 2os. 

Item, to my parish church of Crookeham [? Crowcombe], 
2os. to be placed in the store there. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed, my debts being 
paid, I give and bequeath to John Waller and Emmota, his wife, 
whom I ordain my executors, to dispose for the health of my 
soul. 

Proved 26th November, 1494, and administration committed 
to the executors. 



1494. HENRY BOLE. 

[17 Vox.] 

The penultimate day of August, A.D. 1494, I, Henry Bole, of 
Northcadbury, in the county of Somerset, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church or churchyard 
of the parish church of St. Michael the Archangel of North- 
cadbury. 

Item, to the cathedral church of St. Andrew of Wells, \6d. 

Item, to maintain (sustinendum} the fabric and lights 
(luminibus) in the church of Northcadbury aforesaid, icxy. 

Item, to the church of Southcadbury, 3^. ^d. 

To the church of Compton Pauncefote, 3^. ^d. 

To the church of Yarlyngton, 3^. 4</. 

To the church of Mapton, 3^. 4^. 

To the church of Sparkeford, 2od. 

To the church of Sutton, 2od. 

To the church of Halton, 2Qd. 

To the church of Blakford, 2od. 

Item, I bequeath to the Rector of Northcadbury, for my 
tithes forgotten and not paid, 2od. 

Item, to the chaplain administering the sacraments (sacra- 
mentalia) to me in extremis, \2d. 

Item, to William Willoughby, knight, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to Richard Willoughby, esquire, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to Thomas Fitz James, gentleman, 2Os. 



320 >onunJft TOOK 



Item, to Richard and John, my children, to each of them 

10/2. 

To my other four children unmarried, to each of them io/z., 
and money and goods at the disposition of my executrix. 

Item, to each boy whom I have lifted from the sacred font 
(a sacro fonte leuaut) one ewe, or \2d. in money. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give to Agnes, 
my wife, whom I make my executrix, by the counsel and advice 
of Thomas Fitz James, gentleman, and John Selcok, chaplain, 
whom I make overseers of the execution of my will aforesaid. 

These being witnesses : Sir Thomas Stokes, chaplain there ; 
Thomas Edward ; Richard Bulle, and many others. 

Proved at Lambeth 20th November, 1494, by the oath of 
William Potkyn, notary public, and administration committed 
to the executrix named. 



1494. WILLIAM STANBOROUGH. 

[16 Vox.] 

2Oth September, A.D. 1494, I, William Stanborough alias 
Haynes, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the Blessed 
Mary on the north side of the city of Bath. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Wells \2d. 

Item, to the said parish church of the Blessed Mary, one 
silver bowl called a " bolle pece," to make out of the same a new 
silver cross, with other " perquesites." 

Item, I bequeath to the rector of the parish church aforesaid, 
my confessor, to pray for my soul, 6s. Sd 

Item, to my twelve grandchildren, ^d. apiece. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to John Tynt and Joan his wife, my daughter, whom I 
make my executors, and Thomas Chaunceler, overseer, of this 
my will ; to dispose for my soul and the souls of my friends as 
shall seem best to them. 



Sloan OTimw. 321 



Item, I bequeath to William Clyvelode the four last years of 
the terms (terminorum) which I have to come of the house called 
Stowford, on condition that he be a friend to my executors. 

Proved 3Oth November, 1494, and administration committed 
to the executors. 



1494. JOAN WYNNE. 

[16 Vox.] 

The xx day of January the yere of our Lord M'CCCClxxxxiiij 
I Johan Wynne bequeith my soule to allmighty God, and my 
body to be buriede in the church of Peter and Paule in the Priory 
of Taunton. 

Item I bequeith to the Prio r of the said place for my thithes 
forgoten xxs. And to euery chafion of the said place being at 
my dirige xij^. 

Item I bequeith to Maistre Dyssum vicary of the church of 
Mary Mawdelyn in Taunton aforesaid vjs. viij^ 

Item, to euery prest of the same church being at my diriges 
and masses xij^. 

Item to ij Clerkes viij^f. 

Item I bequeith to the service of the high crosse and the 
sepulture a Corse 1 of grene harnysed with silver and gilt. 

Item I bequeith to the making of the newe tower 2 at 
Mawdelyn church in Taunton xLf. 

Item I bequeith my wedding Ring of gold to our Lady of 
Cliff [Cleve]. 

Item a nother Ring of gold unto saint Dunstone at Glaston- 
bury. 

Item I bequeith to the church of Langporte xx 

Item, I will that furthwith after my decesse that myn executo r 
purvey for a honest prest to say masses with other devyne service 
in the church of Mary Mawdelyn in Taunton the space of iiij 
yeres for me and my frendes quicke and dede. 

1 A ribbon or band of silk (or other material) serving as a ground for ornamenta- 
tion with metal- work or embroidery, and used as a girdle, garter, &c. (N. E. D.} 

2 This gives approximately the date of this splendid tower. 

2 T 



322 domer&t TOlltf. 

Item I bequeith to enjoye saint Andrew pardon at Wellys 



. 

Item I bequeith to the parissh church of Briggewater 
vjs. vnjd. 

Item I bequeith to the place of Grey Friers in the same towne 



Item, I bequeith to the Freirs of Yevelchestre vj.?. viij<f. 

Item I bequeith to my cousyn and servant Alys Craste 1 my 
best panne and the next best pot, a broche ij basens a laver iij 
Candilstykes, a velvet corse with gilt harnyse, a paire of bedys 
of Corall, a pece, a maser, vj sponys of silver, a fetherbed that I 
lie on with the hole bed performede, a Cofer and a litle panne of 
brasse, a water chafer, 2 a dosyn pollys of pewter vessell iiij platers 
iiij potingers and iiij sawcers. 

Item I bequeith to my doughter Alys Core all the state and 
terme that my husbond and I have in the house that I dwell in 
and all the wood hey and corne that is within not spendede. 

Item my best gowne and my best girdell vj sponys of silver 
a stonding Cup covered of silver that my husbond gaue hire aftre 
my decesse and parte of other stuf of houshold that is not yet 
bequethed at the devise of myfi executo r . 

Item I bequeith to Thomas Latham a pece of silver vj sponys 
of silver and in money xl 

Item I bequeith to my cousyn William Hill my best bras pott 
a ship chest and ij mesers of Ode. 

Item I bequeith to William More ij mesers of Ode with this 
condicion that he come and bring me my dutie of money that he 
owith me. 

Item I bequeith to my Sustre of North Core my blew gown 
with a white furre and my burnat hode and ij yardys of holon 
Cloth to make ij knytters 8 And to my cousen here doughter at 
Long Sutton a Reed corce gilt harnysed. 

Item I bequeith to litle Johane my cousyn Thomas Crastis 
doughter a old Reed corce gilt harnysed, with a paire of bedys 
of Corall and x yerdes of lynen Cloth for a paire of shetes 
And to Thomas Craste a paire of bedys ambre and other stones. 

1 The name appears to be Crast, but it may possibly be Craft. 



' 2 A vessel for heating water, a saucepan. (N. E. D.) 
See N. E. D., " some knitted article of dress." but 



article of dress," but this instance seems to imply 

that it is not necessarily a knitted article. 



$oan WLmint. 323 

Item I bequeith to Johanne my servant a litle maser iij silver 
sponys and x yerdes of cloth for a paire of shetys. 

Item, to my servant Cristiane A More a maser iij sponys of 
silver and x yardys cloth for a paire of shetes. 

Item I bequeith to my husbondes Cosyn Laveraunce wif at 
Marlinch a sangewyn kyrtyll and a smoke. 

Item to my cousyn John Heyron of Langporte my gilt Nutte 
couerede and to his wif a gold Ring. 

Item to my godson at Dunkyswill x yardys cloth for a paire 
of shetes. 

Item to Alys Krast my cousen to performe my bed abovesaid 
a paire of shetes owte of my cofer, a Mete cloth and iij tuels. 

Item more I bequeith to my doughter Alys Core my litle salt 
couerede, a flat pece, ij masers and a boll pece. 

Item to Cristiane Morford my burnet gown lyned. 

Item to my said Cousyn Alys Krast one of my blewe gownes 
lyned or furrede and a newe metecloth of Lankeshire making. 

Item I bequeith to Cristiane my servant the burnet gown 
that I dyd bequeith to Margery Cutler And I bequeith to the 
said Margery my best burnet Kyrtill. 

Item, to William More my litle chasied pece if he pay that 
he owith me as it is rehersed in my will before. 

Item to William Wylkyns my goblet. 

Item I bequeith to Laveraunce wif of Myrlinche my old grene 
gowne lynede. 

Item to Elyn Skolemastre in money iij injcf. And to my 
sustre at Cory my gown with the blacke furre. 

Item to Johanne my servant on of my gownes of blew with 
damaske colo r . 

Item I bequeith to Margery my Cardiscar 1 in the Almys- 
house my old burnet kyrtill. 

Item to Isabell Glasier my grene kyrtill and a smocke. 

Item to Thomas my hostyler v yardes of white wollefi Cloth 
to make a gown and a yard and more for a payer of hosyn ix 
yardys of Chresse cloth 2 for a paire of shetes and a shorte cloth 
of Garnesey cloth. 

1 The word is not in N. E. D. To card is prepare wool for spinning by combing out 
impurities, and parting and straightening the fibres with a card, also to dress cloth 
with teasles or cards. (N. E. >. ) 

2 Crescloth, fine linen cloth. (Halliwell's Provincial Dictionary.} 



324 



Item to my next neybo r Johanne Baker a smocke Cloth. 

Item to William Hyllys wif a smocke a kerchewe and cloth 
for a paire of shetes. 

Item I bequeith to Laveraunce of Merlinche a gown of 
frise. 

The residue of my goods I give to Thomas Latham myfi 
execute 1 " he to dispose it for me at his discrecion. 

Item I will that M' Nicholas Dussum and William Wilkins 
before namede be supervisors of this my last will. 

Thees witnesseth. John Tusse, Laverance Adam, William 
Hill and other. 

Proved at Lambeth 2Oth November, A.D. 1494, by the oath 
of William Potkyn, notary public. Administration committed 
to Thomas Latham, the executor named, &c. 



1494. THOMAS CHAMPION. 

[23 Vox.] 

22nd March, A.D. 1494, I, Thomas Champion, make my 
testament in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Apostles Peter and Paul of Shipton Malett. 

Item, I bequeath to my mother church, \2d. 

Item, to the bells (campanis) and all the lights (luminibus\ 
is. 4<t- 

Item, to my parish church, to wit, to the reparation of the 
same, that the parishioners there may specially pray for my 
soul, IQS. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed, I bequeath to 
Alice, my wife, and Edmund, my son, to dispose for the health 
of my soul as shall seem best to them to please God. 

Proved at Lambeth I4th May, 1495, by the oath of Robert 
DonofTe, proctor, &c., and administration committed to the 
executors named. 



325 



1495. THOMAS MAYHOO. 

[21 Vox.] 

28th March, A.D. 1495, I, Thomas Mayhoo, of the parish of 
Chewe, in county Somerset, make and declare my last will in 
this manner which follows : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of St. 
Andrew of Chewe, before the altar of St. Nicholas there. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church aforesaid, ids. 

Item, to the maintenance of each light (luminf) burning 
before the images of saints in the said church, ^d. 

Item, to the chapel of St. Mary there, 3^. ^d. 

Item, I will that my executrix shall pay to Thomas Veale, 
son of John Veale, late of Deny, in the parish aforesaid, and to 
Agnes, sister of the said Thomas, 4/2'., that is, to each of them 
4<DJ., given and bequeathed to them by their father abovenamed. 

Item, I bequeath to the said Agnes 6/2. 13^. 4</. 

Item, to Joan Wreche, my maid (ancille\ on condition that 
she will be ruled and governed by my executrix and overseers 
until her marriage, 6li. i^s. 4^., and apparel sufficient and 
competent for the body of the said Joan. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Goodeman, my servant 
(famulo), one woollen cloth (pannum laneuni), called " a see 
clothe." ' 

Item, to Sir Thomas Roger, clerk, of the diocese of Canter- 
bury, by apostolic authority notary public, my curate, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to John Johns Toker, 6s. %d. 

Item, to John Hylle alias John Storowe, 6s. $d. 

The residue of all and singular my goods I give and 
bequeath wholly to Edith, my wife, that she dispose for the 
health of my soul and for the souls of all the faithful deceased ; 
and I name the said Edith my executrix, and ordain my over- 
seers the said John Johns and John Hyll. 

Proved at Lambeth, I5th May, 1495, and administration 
committed to the executrix. 



326 



WtiM. 



1495. STEPHEN LANE. 

[23 Vox.] 

The 22nd day of the month of May, A.D. 1495, I, Stephen 
Lane, of Glaston, make my will in this manner : 

My body to be buried in the churchyard of the chapel of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary within the monastery of Glaston 
aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the Warden (custodi) of the said chapel 
for having my burial (sepulturd] there 6s. 8d. 

Item, I give to Joan, my wife, all those lands and tenements 
which I have in the city of London and elsewhere in the realm 
of England, which belonged to John Lane, my father ; to have 
and to hold to the said Joan and to the heirs of the body of the 
said Joan begotten by me, for ever. If it happen that the said 
Joan die without heir of her body begotten by me, then I will 
that my messuage, &c., in the parish of St. Sepulchre outside 
Newgate shall remain to the right heirs of the said Joan, my 
wife, for ever. And that all my other lands, &c., in London and 
elsewhere in England remain to John Dale, clerk (and others), their 
heirs and assigns, for ever, to dispose according to my last will. 

Item, I will that Joan, my wife, immediately after my 
decease shall find a fit chaplain to celebrate in the chapel of 
St. Benignus for the space of three years for my soul and the 
souls of John Lane, my father, and Margaret, his wife, and all 
the faithful deceased. 

Moreover, I will that the said Joan, my wife, shall cause 
100 masses to be celebrated for my soul in one day, if it can be 
done. 

Item, I bequeath to Mary, my mother's sister, one silver 
and gilt maser (murrain} with a foot. 

The residue of all my goods I give to Joan, my wife, whom 
I make sole executrix of this my will, and Thomas Gunwyn, of 
Glaston, supervisor, taking for his labour 2Os. 

These being witnesses ; John Dale, notary public, William 
Juyfi, esquire, Leonard Lepton, Thomas Asshurst, William 
Coleyn, Thomas Marshall, William Laneman, John Parke, and 
others. 

Proved at Lambeth. 



liufee of 33etrfort(. 327 



1495. JOHN DEVILL. 

[23 Vox.] 

I, John Devill, of Northpederton, in the county of Somerset, 
A.D. 1495, the 26th day of July, make my will in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my soul to God Almighty, the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, and all the saints, and my body to be buried in 
the churchyard of the church of Northpederton. 

Moreover, I bequeath all my goods to Joan Devill, my wife, 
and my boys (pueris) to be divided between the said Joan and 
my boys. And I make the said Joan, my wife, my executrix. 

These being witnesses : John Biggegoode, of Northpederton, 
" clothier," and William Hawkyns, of the same, " wever." 

Proved at Lambeth /th August, A.D. 1495, by the oath of 
Robert Bradman, witness, &c. Administration committed to 
Joan, the relict, &c., in the person of Master Richard Cooke, 
notary public, her proctor, &c. 



1495. JASPER, DUKE OP BEDFORD. 

[33 Vox.] 

I, Jasper, Duke of Bedford and Erie of Pembroke, make my 
testament and laste will in this forme folowing : 

I bequeith my body to be buried in the monasterie of our 
Lady of Keynesham in a place convenient, where I will that 
my tombe be honorable made after thastate that it hath pleased 
God to call me to And thereupon to be employed an hundred 
markes. 

I will that certain of my manors and lands which I haue in 
fee simple as well in the Counties of Notingham, Derby, and 
Werwyk as in the Marche of Wales and elliswhere be 
amorteysed for the fyndyng of 4 preestes to syng perpetually 
in the said Church and Monastery aswele for my soule and for 
my faders soule, as for the soules of the [lady of] noble 
memorie Kateryne, some tyme Quene of Englond, my moder. 



328 &ommfet TOtlte. 



and of Edmund, late Erie of Richemonde, my brother, and of 
all other my predecessours. 

Item, I will that in defaute herof oon or 2 benefices of the 
value of 40 or 50 poundes yerely be appropried to thabbot and 
Couent of the said Monastery perpetually to thentente 5 or 6 
preestis shalbe founde daily to syng in the saide Monasterie 
aswele for my soule as the soules aforesaide. In defaute of 
both the premisses an C/z. shall be delyuered to the said Abbot 
and Couente in redy money to thentente that 2 preestis shalbe 
perpetually founden in the saide Monastery to syng daily for me 
and the soules above rehersed, according to an ofTre made by the 
said Abbot and Couent in that behalf. 

Item, I bequeith to the saide monasterie my best gowne of 
cloth of gold for vestmentes. 

Item, I will that the day of my intrement there be distributed 
emonges euery pouer man and woman that will take it 2d. a 
pece ; and lyke wise at my monethis mynde. 

Item, I bequeith to the monasterie of blessid sainte Kenelme 
of Winchecombe toward the bilding of the same 20li. and my 
long gowne of Crymesyn velwett to make a coope there to the 
honor of God and the sainte. 

Item, I bequeith to the church of Thornebury toward the 
reparacion of the same, 10/z. 

Item, to the seid church, a gowne of blak velwett for a cope 
to be made there, and vestmentes. 

Item, to the vicary of the saide church of Thornebury, for 
tithes unpaid and other dueties, 40^. 

Item, I bequeith to the 4 Ordres of Frires of Bristowe 8/2'. 
to be equally departed. 

Item, to the blak freires of Hareford, 40^. 

To the Gray Frires of Harford, where my Father is 
entered, 20/2, 

Item, to the 3 Ordres of Frires at Gloucester, 6li. 

Item, to the 2 Ordres of Frires at Kaerdiff, 4/2'. 

To the Frires of Newporte, 2Os. 

To the Frires of Harford West, 40^. 

To the house of grey Frires of Harford Est, my secunde 
gowne of cloth of golde for a Cope or vestmentes there to be 
made, 



329 



Item, to the vicary of the parish church of Winchcombe, or 
the church there, 40^. 

Item, I bequeith my jakket of cloth of golde to make 2 
jakkets to the b'essid Trinite of Crichurch. 

Item, I bequeith my other blak velwet gowne to the 
church of Pembroke for a cope or vestementes to be made 
there. 

I will that myne executours content sir Thomas Okeley, 
parson of Sudley, for his duetie of tharbage of the parke there 
onpaied sith the tyme that he was parson all that shalbe founde 
yerely due unto hym for the same, with all such dueties and 
tithes of hey as to hym of right belongith. 

To every parissh church that my body shalbe caried into 
bitwene this and Keynesham 2Os. and 2 torches. 

Item, I bequeith to the Crochfrires of the gauntis of 
Bristowe, 40^. 

Yeven at my mannor of Thornebury the I5th day of 
December, A.D. 1495. 

Proved 2nd July, 1496, and administration committed to 
Morgan Kydwelly, one of the executors. 
[Written in English.] 

[Testator was Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke, son of Sir Owen Tudor, 
by Katherine, Queen Dowager of Henry V. He was created Duke of 
Bedford on the accession of his nephew Henry VII in 1485. On his death 
the dukedom became extinct.] 



1495. JOHN HUNTELEY. 

[31 Vox.] 

The first day of March, A.D. 1495, I, John Hunteley, make 
my will in this manner : 

First, I bequeath my soul to God Almighty, the Blessed 
Mary, and all the saints, and my body to be buried in the 
chancel of the parish [church] of Bledon. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Wells viij^f. 

Item, I bequeath to the curate of the church of Bledon 
aforesaid xij<f. 

2 U 



33 



My other things I bequeath to my wife and my boys 

(pneris). 

I constitute Thomas Mayhowe and John Kynge executors 

of this will. 

Proved at Lambeth 6th May, A.D. 1496, by the oath of 
Master Nicholas Trappe, proctor, &<:. Administration was 
committed to the executors named in the said will, &c. 



1495. HUGH PAVY, BISHOP OP ST. DAVIDS. 

[28 HORNE.] 

3rd March, A.D. 1495, I, Hugh Pavy, by the grace of God 
b'shop of Saynte Davies, make and ordeyne this my testament 
in maner foloyng : 

I bequethe my bodie to be buried in the parishe church of 
Longashton. 

I bequeth unto my cathedrall churche of saynte Dauyes 
my sewte of blew velwet vestimentis with flowris angellis orferes 
and Imagery of golde vz. 3 Copis Chesible 2 Tenucles with the 
hole appurtenaunces. Item, 2 grailes noted, 2 bokis called halfe 
antiphoners noted and my best corporas cace of clothe of 
golde. 

Item, I bequethe unto the churche of Assheton beforesaide 
my 2 standyng candelstickes of silver and gilte of 104 ounces' 
weight, 2 paire of vestamentis wherof oon paire is blewe and 
thoder Red, brawded with flowres, my best chalice of silver and 
gilt of 22j ounces' weight, my 2 beste aulterclothes stayned, and 
my best masboke. 

Also I bequethe to the parishe churche of Lantesey, a printed 
masboke, a paire of vestmentis of grene bawdekyn, 1 a paire of 
stayned auterclothes, a litle braunched candelstik of laton. 

Also, to the parishe churche of Wheram [? Warren, Pemb.] 
2 stayned auterclothes and 2 laton candelstickes. 

Also, to the parishe churche of Brody [Brawdy, Pemb.] 
2 auterclothes stayned and 2 laton candelstickis. 

1 A sumptuous manufacture for garments, used by the nobility of the middle ages, 
and according to Ducange composed of silk interwoven with threads of gold. 



of 



331 



Also, to the College of Abergwilly, 1 2 auterclothes of grene 
bawdekyn and a paire of vestymentis of the same. 

Also to Sir John Chock, knyghte, a gowne of violet furred 
with martrons, and a horse. 

Item, to Dame Johanne Wroughton, the utter sides of two 
gownes of scarlet that were John Moris and Elyne his wife. 

Item, to Willyam Sayntemaure, the furres of martrons that 
were in the same scarlet gownes. 

Item, to Nicholas Chock, knyghte, a fetherbcd, a bolster, a 
pilowe of downe, a paire of blankettis, a paire of shetis, a 
kouerlet, a celer and a tester, and a horse. 

Item, to Emunde Chocke, the like. 

Item, to Master Barret, my large portues. 

Item, to Master Willyam Johnis, a boke of lawe callid 
Thabbot in 4 volumes. 

Item, to Master John Denby, the Bible in 2 volumes. 

Item, to Sir Willyam Wilcok, a portues that was Master 
John ap Howellis. 

Item, to Sir Thomas Davy, a portues, and a litle masboke. 

Item, to John Knyvet, a horse. 

Also to John Lloide, a fetherbed, a bolster, a pillowe, a paire 
of blankettis, a paire of shetis, a kouerlet. 

Item, to John Madeley, a fetherbed, celer and testour with 
the whole appurtenances, half a garnish of pewter vessell and 
2 candelstickis. 

Item, to Willyam Barstaple, a fetherbed, celer and testour, 
with the hole appurtenances ; and my saulter. 

Item, to Henry Marston, a fetherbed (and bedding) and a 
horse ; and the like to John Kemys. 

Item, to Willyam Noris, the bed that he lieth in, with the 
celer, testour and hangyng complete of the same chamber. 

Item, 4Os. in money, a horse, 2 candelstickis, a pot of bras 
and a panne, after the discretion of my executours. 

Item, to John Garcet, a flockbed (and bedding) and a horse. 

Item, to John Cok, a fetherbed (and bedding), half a garnishe 



1 In Carmarthenshire. Thomas Beck, bishop of St. Davids, made the church of 
Abergwilly collegiate A.I). 1287 for 22 prebendaries, 4 priests, 4 choristers, and 
2 clerks to the honour of St. Maurice. (Dugdale's Man.) 



of pewter vessell, a pot of brasse, 2 candelsticks, a panne of 
brasse, and a horse. 

Item, I will that all my servants have my horses as fer as 
they will endure, and that it be disposed to every servant after 
as they be, and as they have doone me service, by my 
executours or mynesters of my goodes. 

Item, to Nicholas Barbour, a matres with the appurtenances, 
and the like to Jamys of the buttry, John Davy, John Penre, 
John Nicoll, David of the stable, John Grey, John of the stable, 
Thomas Porter, John Richardes, Willyam Jankyn, Thomas of 
the kechynne & Vyncent of the stable. 

Also I will that my executours deliver unto litle John of the 
kechynne after their owne willis. 

The residue of all my goods not bequethid, I will that it be 
despoced for my sowle and to paie my dettes by Master John 
Barrett, Master Willyam Johnis and Willyam Barstaple, whom 
I ordeyne and make my executours ; and I charge them that 
the residue of my goodes that shalle remayne in theire handes 
be emploied for thexibicion of a priste to synge for my sowle at 
Assheton as longe as it shalle mowe to endure. This witnesseth 
Master Barret, Master Willyam Jonys, Nicholas Chock, Willyam 
Barstaple, Edmunde Chock, John Knyuet, Henry Marston, John 
Madeley and John Kemys. 

Proved Qth December, 1498, and administration committed 
to the executors. 

[Written in English.] 
[List of preferments : 

1456, April 2. Rector of Chelworth (Canon of Wells). 

1462-1474. As Prebendary, presents to E. Harptree. 

1467, May 26. Rector of Shepton Mallet. 

1467, May 31. Prebendary of Grimstone, Sar. Fasti Ecd Sar. 

(Jones). 

1471, April 27. Prebendary of Bedwin, Sar. Fasti Ecd. Sar. (Jones). 
1478-9, February i.- Archdeacon of Wilts. Le Neve's Fasti. 
1485, October 9. Bishop of St. Davids. Le Neve's Fasti.] 



Ctyurbaru. 333 



1495. WALTER PAYNE. 

[30 Vox.] 

2 ist March, A.D. 1495, I, Walter Payne, in the parish of 
Mellys, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of St. Andrew 
of Mellys. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells \2d. 

Item, to the high altar of Mellys aforesaid, to purchase 
(emendenduni) one pair of vestments to celebrate on Sundays, 
66s. Sd. 

Item, I bequeath to the chapel of the Blessed Mary there 
six quarters of malt. 

Item, to the high cross (attain cruceni) there, one quarter of 
malt. 

Item, to the altar of St. Katherine there, one quarter of 
malt. 

Item, to the altar of St. Anne there, one quarter of malt. 

Item, to Sir William Clyffe, my curate, to pray for my 
soul, 6s. 8^/. 

Item, I bequeath to each of my godchildren 2 sheep. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Emma, my wife, and I ordain her my executrix, to 
dispose for the health of my soul ; and I make Robert Terre, 
Robert Payne, my son, and Henry Payne my overseers of this 
my present last will. These being witnesses : Sir William 
Clyffe, curate there, Richard Payne, William Prince, John 
Shephurd, John Wittecombe and others. 

Proved 7th May, 1496, and administration committed to the 
executrix named, &c. 



1496. JOHN THURBARN. 

[6 HORNE.] 

1 2th June, A.D. 1496, I, John Thurbarn, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
Yatton. 



334 >omm!rt 



Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Wells I2d. 

Item, to the parish church of Yatton, los. 

Item, to the parish church of Kingeston Seymor, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to the chapel of St. John of Kenne, 2od. 

To the vicar of Yatton, for tithes forgotten, 6s. 8*/. 

Item, to the holy-water clerk (aquebaiulo) of Yatton, 2od. 

Item, to the four orders of the town of Bristol, los. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas, my son, 40^. 

To Richard, my son, 40^. 

To Thomas Harbelk, my uncle (patruio) 1 (sic), one gown of 
black colour. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to Emmota my wife, whom I make my true and 
sole executrix, to dispose for the health of my soul as shall seem 
best to her. These being witnesses : Walter Morris, clerk ; 
John Bulbek and William Thurbarn. 

Proved loth May, 1497, by Nicholas Trappe, proctor, &c., 
and administration committed to the relict and executrix 
named. 



1496. JOHN PAYNE, ESQ. 

[3 HORNE.j 

4th August, 1496, I, John Payne, of Hutton, in the county of 
Somerset, esquire, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chancel of the 
parish church of Hutton, before the high altar. 

Item, I bequeath to the wardens (custodibus) of the said 
parish church 10 marks and 60 oaks. 

Item, to the Cathedral Church of Wells, ios. 

Item, to the church of Lokkynge, 3^. 4^. 

To the church of Bledone, 3^. ^d. 

To the parish church of Yppehull, 5.5:. 

To the church of Weston, $s. ^d. 

To the church of Kywestoke, $s. 

1 For patruo* 



Erofet. 335 



To the church of Worle, $s. ^d. 

To the church of the Blessed Mary of Banewell, 6s. Sd. 

To the church of Shepeham, $s. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Payne, my son, one cross of 
gold, and all my utensils pertaining to my body. 

Item, to Agnes Payne, my kinswoman, 5 marks. 

Item, to John Payne the younger, my kinsman, 4/2'. 

Item, to the church of Axebrigge, one burgage with the barn 
(orrio] adjacent, to pray for me. 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 
to Elizabeth my wife, William Oldemixon and John Payne the 
elder, whom I make my executors. 

Item, I will that my executors aforesaid shall provide a man 
prudent and discreet, and of good conversation, to celebrate in 
the church aforesaid for the space of two years, for me and 
the souls of my ancestors, in honour of the Holy Trinity. 

These being witnesses : Robert Stowell, esquire, and William 
Poxwell. 

Proved 28th January, 1496, and administration committed to 
the executors. 



1496. JOHN BROKE. 

[4 HORNE.] 

A.D. 1496, ist September, I, John Broke, of Pille, bequeath my 
body to be buried in the parish church of St. John the Baptist 
of Pilton. 

Item, to the same church one torch (imam torticem\ and to 
the lights (luminibns) of the same church, 2s. 

Item, to the fraternity of the same church 6s. Sd. to pray for 
the health of my soul. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother cathedral church of 
St. Andrew of Wells 2s. 

To the parish church of Pille one torch and to the lights 2s. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Estpennard one torch. 

To the parish church of Evercriche one torch. 

To the fraternity of St. John of Jerusalem, viz., the house 
of Buclonde, 6s. Sd. 



33 6 



To the convent of the Friars Minors of Brugewater, 6s. Sd. 

To the convent of Friars Augustinian called " Temple- 
ffreres " of Bristowe, 6s. Sd. 

To the convent of Friars Carmelites there, 6s. Sd. 

To the fraternity of the chapel of Stone, 6s. Sd. 

To John Broke, son of Richard Broke, formerly my 
servant, 6s. Sd. 

To each of my godsons and goddaughters, \2d. 

To Sir Thomas Brooke, chaplain, six silver spoons which I 
have newly bought. 

To Ralph Buklonde alias [blank] in the parish of Ever- 
cryche, 2Os. 

The residue I bequeath to Alice, my wife, whom I appoint 
executrix. 

Sir Thomas Broke, chaplain, and the said Ralph Buklonde 
supervisors. 

Witnesses : Sir Walter Reding, chaplain, his curate, 
Sir Thomas Orcharde, vicar of Evercrich, John Meriell, Robert 
Curteys, John Broke, and others. 

Proved 10th November, A.D. 1496. Administration to 
Margaret (sic), the relict and executrix named in the said will. 



1496. JOHN JENES. 

[6 HORNE.] 

2Oth October, A.D. 1496, I, John Jenes, of Milborne Porte, 
husbondman, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
St. John the Evangelist of Milborne aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the Cathedral Church of Wells \2d. 

Item, to the aforesaid church of Milborne Porte, 20s. 

Item, to Juliana, my daughter, 20 sheep (pves\ six silver 
spoons, one dish {patellairi}, one brass pot (pllam eneam), one 
whole bed (lectum) 12 platters {parapsides), and one maser 
(murrain}. 

Item, I bequeath to the parish church of Stokewell 6s. Sd. 

Item, to the light (lumini] of the Holy Cross in the church of 
Milborne aforesaid, 6d. 



Cfjomas liefotmt. 337 



Item, I bequeath one close next " Powke Browke " to the 
common good (commodurri} of the guild (gi/dine) of merchants. 

Item, to Sir Thomas my confessor, that he may pray for the 
health of my soul, 2s. 6d., and one sheep. 

Item, to Sir William Pawle, perpetual vicar of Milborne 
aforesaid, 2s. 6d 

Item, to each of my godsons and goddaughters, one sheep 



The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 
to Agnes my wife, and ordain her my executrix, to dispose for 
the health of my soul at her discretion. 

These being witnesses : Sir Thomas Baily, curate there, John 
Howchyns, William Hert, and others. 

Proved i8th April, 1497, and administration committed to 
the executrix, in the person of William Potkyn, her proctor, &c. 



1496. THOMAS NEWTON. 

[4 HORNE.] 

26th November, A.D. 1496, I, Thomas Newton, make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the new chapel. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells 2s. 6d. 

Item, to the parish church of Yatton, 2Os. 

Item, to Anne, my younger daughter, if she be married (si 
maritata fuerif], 20/2. 

Item, to Isabelle, my elder daughter, 2O/z. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to Joan, my wife, whom I ordain my executrix, to 
dispose and ordain for the health of my soul as shall seem best 
to her, to the pleasure of God and the profit of my soul. 

These being witnesses : Nicholas Newton, Walter Morys, 
vicar of Yatton, Thomas Hakelett. 

Proved 3rd January, A.D. 1496, and administration committed 
to the executrix. 



2 X 



338 



1496. THOMAS ALEYNE. 

[5 HORNE.] 

6th December, A.D. 1496, I, Thomas Aleyne, of Bannewele, 
diocese of Bath and Wells. 

My body to be buried in the church of St. Andrew of 
Banwelle. 

Item, I bequeath to the same parish church 2Os. to be 
applied to the use of the same church according to the discretion 
of the keepers or wardens and the parishioners. 

Item to the fabric of the cathedral church of St. Andrew of 
Well, Sd 

To John Aleyn, my younger son, 20/2. 

To Robert, my son, 10/2. 

To Matilda Aleyne, daughter of Thomas Alen, my 
brother, 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath for finding a fit chaplain in the parish 
church of Banwell to celebrate and pray for my soul and the 
souls of my parents and benefactors and all the faithful deceased, 
for one entire year, 6/z'., together with wine and wax to be 
provided for the same. 

The residue I bequeath to John Aleyne, my eldest son, whom 
I make executor. 

Witnesses Sir William Jones, curate of Banwelle, John 
Clerke, Thomas Bustell, and William Andrewes. 

Proved ist March, A.D. 1496, by the oath of Robert Donoff, 
proctor, &c. 



1496. SIR RICHARD WEST. 

[6 HORNE.] 

nth December, A.D. 1496, I, Sir Richard West, 1 make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried within the chancel of the 
Blessed Nicholas of Uphill. 

1 The margin has " Testamentum domini Ricardi West," 



feumfrig $ta]ftoen. 339 



Item, I bequeath to the mother cathedral church of 
Wells 40^. 

To Richard Stille the elder, 13/2. 6s. 8d. 

To Richard Stille the younger, 3/2. 6s. 8d. 

Item, to Maud Stille, $li. 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the two sons of Richard Stille the elder, 3/2'. 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath to the reparations of the common way, 2Os. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Richard Still the elder, whom I make my executor, 
and William Oldemyxon and Nicholas Leste (? Lefte) overseers 
of this my will. 

These being witnesses : Richard Wolley, chaplain, Hugh 
Wolley, John ap Howell and others. 

Proved loth May, 1497, by Master Nicholas Trappe, proctor, 
&c., and administration committed to the executor named. 

[Testator was instituted Rector of Uphill June 8th, 1457. (Som. Incs. 
p. 202.)] 



1496. HUMFREY PUXWELL. 

[6 HORNE.] 

2Oth Decembre, A.D. 1496, I, Humfrey Puxwell of the 
parisshe of Criston, ordeyne this my present testament and 
laste will in the form erisuyng : 

I bequeth my body to be buried within the parisshe church 
of Seynt Andrew in Banwell, and I bequeth to the said church 
for my sepulture 6s. 8d. 

Also I bequeath to the lightes of the^ said church of 
Banwell 2od. 

To the Cathedrall Church of Seynt Andrew in Welles, 2od. 

To the high aulter of the parisshe church of our Lady in 
Cristyn, 2Od., for my tythes and offeringes forgotun or witholden. 

Also I bequeth to the torches of the said church 2Od. 

Also, toward the biyng of a massboke and a portues, 6s. 8d. 

To the fyndyng of a lampe byfore the high crosse in the said 
church of Cristen, 6s. 8d. 



340 



Also I bequeth to Willyam Puxwell, my sonne, 12 shepe 
nother of the best nother of the worste. 

Also to Nicholas Puxwell, my sonne, a bay mare and 2 steres 
of 3 yere age, and 2 haiferis of 3 yere age, and 2 blankettes, 
2 shetes, a couerlett, and my best gowne. 

Also I bequeth to Florence Paitewyn, my doughter, a grey 
mare with her colte. 

The residue of all and singuler my goodes not bequethed 
I geve and bequeth holy to Elizabeth, my wife, and Nicholas 
my sone, which Elizabeth and Nicholas I make and ordeyne 
myne executours, that they dispose for the welthe of my sowle 
as shall seme best to the plesire of God and the profitte of my 
sowle. 

Also I make John Fitziames the yonger supervysour, and 
I bequethe to hym for his laboure lOs. 

These witnesses : Sir Thomas Lewis, parsonne of Cristen, 
Sir Willyam Jones, curate of Ban well, Richard Egill, Robert 
Kyng, John Panys, Robert Willyams and other. 

Proved loth May, 1497, and administration committed to 
the executors, in the person of Master Nicholas Trappe. 
[Written in English.] 



1496. JOHN CARTER. 

[6 HORNE.] 

The last day of December, A.D. 1496, I, John Carter, of 
Laverton juxta Phelippe Norton, diocese of Bath and Wells. 

My body to be buried in the parish church of the Blessed 
Mary of Laverton. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells 2od. 

To the light (lumint) of St. Nicholas of Laverton a cow 
or Ss. 

To the light of St. Anne in the parish church of Laverton a 
cow or Ss. 

To Isota, my daughter, lo/i. in money, which are in the 
custody of John Batecombe, of Fressheford. 

To William Carter, my son, four oxen, two cows, a waggon 



Cf)atml*r. 341 

with its appurtenances, a complete bed, a brass pot, and one 
dish (patenam). 

The residue to Cristiana Gibbes, my wife, and to John 
Gibbes, whom I make my executors that they may dispose for 
the weal of my soul. 

Witnesses : The curate there, Walter Godyhold, Richard 
Gibbes, and others. 

Proved 28th April, A.D. 1497. Administration to the 
executors. 



1496. THOMAS CHAUNCELER. 

[9 HORNE.] 

The xvth day of the moneth of January in the yere of oure 
Lord God M^ccclxxxxvj, I, Thomas Chaunceler, Citezin of the 
Citie of Bathe, &c. 

My body to be buried in the Chapell of oure Lady by the 
grave of John Mydwinter in the said Chapell within the 
cathedrall chirch of the blissid Petir and Powle in Bathe. 

Item, I will that uppon my Toumbe be made a convenient 
writing making mension of the day month and yere of my 
obite. 

Contynually by xxx daies " Placebo " and " Dirige " be said 
solemnly. 

Item, I will and ordeyne a prouision be made for xij poore 
men. And for them xij longe blak gownes and xij nevve 
torchies to be holden by the said poore men abowte my body 
the day of my Sepulture. 

After xxx daies be passid my said Executours kepe and 
obserue my Trigintalt day, and that a convenient prouision be 
made for iiij tapers in a conuenient weight, and the said xij 
torchies to be holden by the said poore men. 

Item, I will that it be gevin to euery poore man that cometh 
to the place of my Sepulture there for to pray for my soule ]d. 
The which Trigintalt day completely finisshid, the Residue of 
the torchies not consumed, I geve and grauntt undre this fo r me 
folowing : 



342 



TOtTte. 



First to the Chapell of oure Lady where my bodie is buried 
j torche, to the parissh Chirch w'in the gate of oure Lady j 
torche. To the parissh Chirch of oure Ladie in Stallis j torche, 
to the Hospital of saint John in Bathe a torche. To the parissh 
Chirch of saint Michell w*in the gate j torche. To the parissh 
chirch of saint Michael wknite the gatis j torche. To the 
parissh Chirch of saint Jamys j torche. To the parissh chirch 
of Walcote j torche, to the parissh chirch of Kelston j torche, 
to the parish church of Eston j torche, to the parissh chirch of 
Langrug 9 [Langridge] j torche, to the parissh chirch of Charlcum 
j torch. 

Item, I geve to euery preest being present atte " Dirige " and 
masses to be songe and saied in the Cathedralle chirch of Bathe 
in the day of my obite xij<^ And alle other Clerkis and 
ministratou r s to be rewardid aftre the discrecions of myne 
Executou r s. 

Rewards to every preest coming in the said place of my 
sepulture, there being present in Dirigis and messis in the day 
of my trigintall and Anniversary. The which day of myne 
Adversary (sic) completely finished the Residue of torchis not 
consumed I geve to the parish chirch of Bathewike j torche, to 
the parissh chirch of Northstoke j torche, to the parissh chirch 
of Swannyswike j torche, to the parissh chirch of Weston 
j torche, to the parissh [church] of Hampton j torche, to the 
parissh chirch of Fourd j torche, to the parissh church of 
Ingliscum j torche, to the parissh church of Newton j torche, to 
the parissh chirch of Clauerton j torche, to the parissh chirch 
of Twyuerton j torche, to the parissh chirch of ffresforth 
[Freshford] j torch, to the parissh chirch of Southstoke j torche. 

Item, I will that myne Executours shall finde a convenable 
seculer preste to singe and say messe in the parissh chirch of 
oure Lady w l in the gate for my soule, and for the soules of 
Johan and Margaret sum tyme my wifis, and for the soules of 
my Fader and moder, John Chaunseler and Edithe his wife, my 
benefactours soules, &c. For the contynuaunce of which prest 
I assigne CC. marc unto John Cauntlo priour of Bathe and to 
his Covent for paiement of x marc duringe the said space of 
xx yeris. I will that the dede Remayne in the handis of my 
brother Maister Richard Chaunseler and William Champeneys. 



Cijomas Cijauncrter. 343 



Of the whiche x marc ix marc to be gevin to a preste, and a 
marc to kepe myne obite yerely. 

Item, I geve to Isabella my wife CCCC. markes, alle my 
standing household, and halfe my plate as in Cuppis, sponis, 
saltis, pecis, And the other halfe to be deuided by tvvix my 
sonnes, my doughters and my frendis. Also I wil that my wife 
begyn of hir paiement in the shoppe, and in the Chambre, and 
she to haue it of the same price that it was bought atte the first. 

Unto Johan Champeneys my doughter, xx/z. 

To Isabelle Shorte my doughter, xx/z. 

To Robert Chaunseler my sonne, xl/z. 

To my sonne William Chaunseler C. marces. 

To my sonne John Chaunceler C. marcs. 

To my doughter Margery Chaunceler C. marces. 

To the Cathedrall Chirch of Bath and to hir Reparacions 
ther of to folowe suche Indulgences there uppon graunted 
vjs. viijtf. 

Unto the Reparacions of the Cathedrall Church iijs. m]d. 

To the Abbott of Kensham and his Covent to pray for my 
soule xlf. 

To the Prior of Henton and to his Couent to pray for my 
soule xlJ. 

Unto my parissh Chirch, that is of oure blisstd Lady w'in 
the gate, a weving lome w 1 his apparell and portenances the 
which is now in the handis of John Fydnam, the said John to 
occupie the said Lome during his liefe. I geve unto the 
Fraternite of saint Katerine, and to the exhibicion of the 
prestis singing at saint Katerine Auter in the Church of oure 
Lady in Stallis ij weving Lomes with there apparell and 
purtenances. So that William Hostiler my brother in lawe 
occupie one of them during his lief. 

Unto the Reparacions of the parissh Chirch in Stallis 
vj.?. v\\]d. 

Unto the Hospitall of saint John in Bathe vj.f. viij<^ 

Unto the Reparacions of James vj^. viij< 

Unto the Reparacions of the parissh chirch of Saint Michael 
within the gate vj/. viij^f. 

To the parissh chirch of saint Michael w l oute the gate 
vj 



344 



I geve unto the making of the grete brigge of Bathe xlf. 

To my brother Maister Richard Chaunceler vicar of Burford 
to pray for my soule Cs. 

To my foresaid brother my best skarlett gowne, my siluer 
powche, and a grete cup of siluer. 

Unto Damp Isabel 1 Chaunseler prioresse of the monasterie 
of Lacoke to pray for my soule vli. 

To Johan Dale my Suster vli. 

Unto Johan Foxe sum tyme doughter unto William Foxe 
of Wellys xx/z. 

Unto my servant John Gybbons vli. 

Unto John Clerk wever v\s. v\\]d. 

To John Hesking xx 

Unto my kynnesman Thomas Chaunceller vli. 

To sir John Chaunceler j gowne grayned. 

To sir William Woodeward j gowne grayned. 

To William Woodeward a gowne and v]s. v\\]d. 

To Margery Steyner j gowne. 

My wifes suster xxi. 

To Isabell that kepith my shop xxs. 

To Isabell Clerke x 

To John Woodeward j girdill. 

To John Hogekin xxs. 

To my wevers and tokers thorow the towne, x\]d. a pece. 

The Residue I geve unto my brother Maister Richard 
Chaunceler, William Champeneys of Wylmyndon gentilman, 
John Gybbons and John Gunner other wise callid Steyner 
whome I make my Executours that they dispose for the helth 
of my soule. 1 hise beringe witnesse the Executours named and 
sir John Woode, parson and curate pnt [present] of the parissh 
chirch of our Lady w l in the gate, William Pytt literatus and 
Thomas Compton Notarye Apostolik. 

Proved 9th March, A.D. 1497. 



fttdjartt flafofuv. 345 



1496. RICHARD HAWKER. 

[8 HORNE.] 

i6th January, A.D. 1496, I, Richard Hawker, of Ilemestir 
in the diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried within the church of 
St. Mary the Virgin of Ilemistir aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the high altar of the said church 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the fraternity (fraternitati) of the Holy Cross of the 
said church, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to my curate (curato\ for tithes forgotten, $s. ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to the reparation of the way (vie) on this 
side Dowlisshford 13^. 4^. 

Item, to the high altar of Corymalett, $s. ^d. 

Item, to each of my godchildren, ^d. 

Item, to four poor persons, to each of them one white gown 
(albam togani), to hold torches (torticios) round my body on the 
days of the burial and trental thereof. 

Item, I bequeath to John Hawker my son, the value of 
10 marks in " siluer plate," and my furnace (fornacem) and dye- 
house (domum tinctorium) (sic), with all things belonging to the 
same house. 

Moreover I will that the said John, my son, shal recover in 
the name of his mother all my debts which should of right be 
paid ; and all things thus recovered I will shall be divided 
between the aforesaid John and Cecilia, my relict, equally. 

Item, I bequeath to Joan Baker, my daughter, in movable 
goods the value of 10 marks. 

Item, to Joan Tare, my daughter, one silver cup (dphuiri) 
and twelve spoons of the value of 5 marks. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to Cecilia, my wife, whom I ordain my executrix. 

And I constitute John Hawker, my son, and Thomas Baker, 
overseers. These being witnesses : Master John Taylour, my 
curate, and John Hawker, with many others. 

Proved ist March in the year abovesaid by the oath of 
Master William Imbroke, notary public, proctor, &c., and 
administration committed to the executrix named. 

2 Y 



346 



&onur**t TOtlR 



1496. WILLIAM TWYNYHO, ESQ. 

[15 HORNE.J 

27th January, A.D. 1496, I, William Twynyho, esquire, make 
my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of All 
Saints of More Kirchell. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Salisbury for my 
tithes forgotten, ?.s. 

Item, I bequeath to Margaret, my wife, all my lands and 
tenements in the borough of Shafton and the suburbs thereof, 
to have and to hold for the term of her life, the reversion thereof 
wholly to my right heirs, all my status and term of and in that 
pasture called "le southe felde"with all the pasture in the wood 
called " Thickthorn " to the same adjacent, and of and in all that 
meadow called Crudde medes, which all lie within the lordship 
or hundred of Frome in Selwode in co. Somerset, by the demise 
of John Chocke, knight, by the name of John Chocke, esquire, 
for the term of 21 years. 

Item, I will that for the space of two years a suitable 
chaplain shall be hired (conduceretur\ to celebrate for my soul. 

The residue of all my goods and chattels I give and bequeath 
to the aforesaid Margaret, my wife, whom I make my sole 
executrix. 

Proved 24th November, 1497, by William Potkyn, proctor, 
&c., and administration committed to Margaret, the relict and 
executrix named. 



1496. JOAN MAIEWE. 

[35 HORNE.] 

The last day of January, A.D. 1496, I, Joan Maiewe, of 
Croscombe, widow, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried next (juxta) the grave 
(sepulturam} of Walter Maiewe, late my husband, in the parish 
church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Croscombe, 



347 



Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells 6s. Sd 

Item, to the rector of the parish church aforesaid, for tithes 
forgotten, 3^. 4^. 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of Shepton Malet, 
one girdle (sonam) harnessed with silver gilt, of the worth of 
2$s. ^d. 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of Pilton, another 
girdle harnessed (harnesatani) with silver and gilt, of the worth 

Of I2S. 

Item, to the fabric of Dendre, 6s. Sd. 

Item, to each chaplain of the parish church of Croscombe at 
the time of my death present at the obsequies (exequiis) and 
mass, and also on the trental day (in die tricennali), to be 
celebrated for my soul in the choir of the said parish church, 
3^. 4-d. for his pains. 

Item, to each " extraneus " chaplain present at the obsequies 
(exequiis} and mass on the day of my burial, 1 2d. 

Item, I bequeath to Lady (domine) Elizabeth Shepton my 
best mantle (clamidem). 

Item, to John Moore, two yards of cloth for a gown. 

Item, to Henry Mewe, two yards of cloth for a gown. 

Item, to each of my daughters or sons (filiorum}? ^d. 

Item, to each of the boys (puerorum} of Agnes Inge, of 
Shepton aforesaid, six spoons of silver and one maser (murrain) 
bound with silver. 

Item, to Joan, daughter of the said Agnes, one pipe of 
" woode " [woad]. 

Item, I will that there shall be expended (exponantur) among 
my neighbours on the day of my burial loos. 

Item, I bequeath to John Halce of Croscombe the eider, one 
pipe of " woode." 

Item, to William Braunche of the same, one quarter of 
" woode." 

The residue of my goods not bequeathed I give and bequeath 

t j John Yonge, of Shepton Malet, and to Agnes, his wife, whom 

I ordain my executors ; and I make my overseer the venerable 

and circumspect man, Master John Gunthorp, dean of the 

Evidently godchildren are meant. 



348 



TOt'lte. 



Cathedral Church of Wells, to whom I bequeath for his 
labour loos. 

In witness whereof to these presents I have affixed my seal, 
there being there then present the discreet man Sir John 
Cornecke, chaplain, curate of Croscombe, William Champioun, 
John Hake, Roger Mores and William Braunche, witnesses 
called to the premises. 

Proved i6th July, 1498, and administration committed to 
the executors, in the person of William Potkyn, notary public, 
their proctor, &c. 



1496. ELEANOR EDE. 

[9 HORNE.] 

2nd February, A.D. 1496, I, Eleanor Ede, formerly the 
wife of Thomas Ede, of Bruton, in the county of Somerset, 
merchant. 

My body to be buried in the middle of the parish church of 
Bruton, before the image of the crucifix near the tomb of the 
said Thomas Ede, on the right side of the same Thomas. 

To the mother church of Wells, 2od. 

To the fraternity of the B. M. of the church aforesaid, 2Os. 

To a chaplain to celebrate a mass yearly for the souls of 
the said Thomas, Thomas Ede, chaplain, and William Ede, my 
sons, and hereafter for the soul of me the said Eleanor, 9 marks 
each year. 

To the chapel of St. John the Baptist of Bruham, 2Od. 

To the chapel of St. Leonard of Pytcombe, 2od. 

To Sir Edward Huchens, Sir Nicholas, Sir John Gawler, 
each 2s. 6d., to celebrate a trental for my soul. 

The residue to Sir John Preston, rector of Shepton 
Beauchamp, to dispose for the health of my soul. And I 
make the said Sir John Preston my executor. 

Item, to John Brymmore, 2Os. 

To Anne, daughter of John Brymmor, 2Os. 

Sir Giles Dawbeney, knight, to be overseer. 

Witnesses : Sir Edward Huchyns, parish priest of Bruton 



{Irene. 349 



\dorn. Edwardo huchyns presbitero parochiali de Bruton\> Sir John 
Gawler, John Garett, Thomas Holwey. 
Proved I7th April, A.D. abovesaid. 



1496. RICHARD GRENE. 

[6 HORNE.] 

1 3th February, A.D. 1496, I, Richard Grene, of Northcadbury, 
in the county of Somerset, bequeath my soul, &c., and my body 
to be buried within the church of St. Michael the Archangel. 

Item, to the cathedral church of Wells, 2od. 

To the church of Northecadbury, 40^. 

To the church of Sowthcadbury, \2d. 

To the church of Weston, i2d. 

To the church of Sparkford, \2d. 

To the churches of Sowthbarowe, Northbarowe, Gerlyngton, 
Blakford, and Compton Pawnsfote, [each] i2d. 

To the Friars mendicant of Briggwater, 6s. 8d. 

To the Friars Preachers of Evylchestre, 6s. 8d. 

To the repair of the highway (vie regie) next the house of 
Richard Machyn, ios., for tithes forgotten, $s. 

To the Hospital of Sherborn, 26s. %d. 

To Henry Wattes and his sister, 26s. 8d. 

To Thomas Fiziamys, 6s. %d. 

To Richard Wattes, 6s. Sd. 

To Henry Wattes and John Wattes, children of Thomas 
Wattes, to each of them ios. 

To Edith, wife of Walter White, 6s. 8d., to each godchild 
(cuilibet puero quern a sacro fonte levavt) ^d. 

To John Milis, one sheep with a lamb. 

To William Pitman, one ewe with a lamb. 

To Richard, son of David Toker, a calf (yitulum). 

To Henry Barber, one lamb. 

To the Hospital of Bruton, 6s. 8d. 

To William Smyth, a gown. 

The residue I give to Cecilia, my wife, whom I make my 
executrix. 



35 



^omtrs'rt 



Witnesses : Sir Roger Walshe, parish priest ; Sir John 
Mores ; William Pery, and John Butler, clerk, John Ascheford 
with many others. 

Proved 28th April, A.D. 1497. Administration to Cecilia, 
the relict. 



1497. WILLIAM RUSSELL. 

[6 HORNE.] 

The secund daye of Aprile, A.D. 1497, I, Willyam Russell, 
make my testament in forme foloyng : 

I bequethe my body to be buried in the parisshe church of 
Tikenham. 

Item, I bequethe to the modre church of Welles ^d. 

Item, to the church of Clyvedon, ^d. 

To the churches of Walton, Weston, Clopton & Wraxhale, 
4</. each. 

Item, to the bildyng of the towre to the church of 
Tikenham, $s. ^d. 

Item, to John, my son, my tenemente in Midell Tikenham 
duryng the terme of yeres as it apperith by myne endentures. 

Item, to Isabell my doughter I yeve and bequethe a close 
of pasture lying within the lordeship of Kenne and parisshe of 
Yatton callid yest North yon, duryng my terme of yeres. 

Item, I gif and bequeth to John Russell and to John Freest 
my tenement callid Persevals in the parisshe of Tikenham, 
duryng my terme of yeres. 

Item, to the said John Russell my sonne before named, 2 
brewyng leddis ; item, 2 paire of wheles and a corn wayne ; 
item, half a dosen silver spones and a ring of gold. 

Item, to my doughter Isabell bifore named, six spones of 
silver and a ring of gold ; and also all the hole apparell that 
longed to Alice my wif to her body. 

Item, I yeve and bequethe to my 4 yonger sonnes one 
dossen of silver spones equally to be amongest them deuyded, 
prouyded that if any of theym dye within the yeres of descretion, 
that then the porcion of hym or them so decesed to goo to the 
fyndyng of a prest within the church of Tikenham. 



dalfrfburg. 351 



The residue of my goodes not disposed I will that myne 
executours after named divide equally amongis my 6 children 
above rehersid ; and I ordeyne and make to be myne executours 
John Russell and John Freest, and to every of them I bequethe 
for their laboure 5 merke. 

In witnes of John Hervie, John Nethenvay, and other. 

Proved 3rd May, 1497, and administration committed to the 
executors. 

[Written in English.] 



1497. JOHN SALISBURY. 

[12 HORNE.] 

8th May, A.D. 1497, I, John Salisbury, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of 
St. George of Bekyngton. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells I2d. 

To Sir John Eliot, my curate, 2Od. 

Item, to the maintenance of one light before the image of 
the Blessed Mary and the image of St. Sithe 1 the virgin in the 
church of Bekynton, 6s. 8d. 

Item, I will that all my moveables outside the house shall 
be divided into three parts, the first of which parts I bequeath 
for my soul and for my debts. 

Item, I bequeath the second part to my sons and daughters. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to Edith, my wife, whom I make my executrix, 
and I ordain Thomas Horton and Thomas Barbone my true 
supervisors. 

Proved 5th June, 1497, by Robert Donoff, proctor, &c., and 
administration committed to the executrix named. 



1 St. Osyth or Scytha, V.M., A.D. 870. She was commemorated on October 7th. 
The village and church of St. Osyth (Essex) and the church of Denham (Suffolk) are 
named in her honour. She is sometimes confused with St. Syre or Ciricus. (See 
Wells Wills, p. 172.) 



352 



1497. ROGER TWYNYHO. 

[15 HORNE.] 

25th May, A.D. 1497, I, Roger Twynho, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chapel of 
St. Nicholas in the church of Frome Selwood, co. Somerset, 
next my father. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the church of Wells 3^. ^d. 

Item, to the maintenance and reparation of the chapel of 
St. Nicholas aforesaid, 2Os. 

Item, I give and bequeath to George Twynyho, my brother, 
all my lands and tenements which I have in fee simple in the 
town of Bristol and in the suburbs of the said town, and in 
co. Gloucester, to hold to him, his heirs and assigns for ever. 

Item, I bequeath to John, my godson, 20/2. for the exhibition 
of the said John at the schools ; and if he chance to die before 
the age of 20 years, then the said sum shall be disposed at the 
discretion of the said George Twynyho, my brother. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to the said George, whom I make my executor. 

These being witnesses : Lady Margery Twynyho, Abbess 
of Shafton ; Christopher Twynyho, clerk ; Sir Thomas Blacked, 
chaplain ; and many others. 

Proved 2ist November, 1497, by William Potkyn, proctor, 
&c., and administration committed to the executor named. 



1497. PHILIP LOVE. 

[16 HORNE.] 

4th Jule, A.D. 1497, I, Philip Love of Taunton, draper, make 
my testament under forme folowyng : 

I bequeath my bodie to the churchyarde and restyng place 
of Saynt Petir and Paule [in the] Prior[y] of Taunton. 

Item, I bequeth unto my Lorde prior there, for my tithynges 
forgoten, 6s. 8^. 



Hobe. 353 



Item, unto the makyng of Mary Magdalen tower of the 
churche, 40^. 

Item, to the seruyce of the sepulture [and] of the high 
crosse, 6s. $>d. 

Item, unto Master Nicholas Dissum, vicar, to pray for me 
and myne, $s. ^d. 

Item, to Thomas Clark, I2d. 

Item, I will that Alson my wife shalhaue duryng her lyfe 
of widohode half my howse and dwellyng place with the 
gardeyn in the forestrete of Taunton, lying next the castell, 
and Willyam, my sonne, the other parte thereof, he beryng halfe 
the rente, and she the oder halfe yerly, after custome and maner 
fore used. Item, during the said time, I will the said Alson 
shalhaue my howse and gardeyne in Estrege, beryng the rente 
dew and wont by custome. Also all such plate & howsolde, 
as well bedyng, parell, and all other implementes, that she 
brought to me. 

Item, my two shoppis full and hole, with all things longyng 
therto in cloth and odre. Item, I will that my executors take 
none of my wife's dettes whiche is dew unto her by the resone 
of her 3 furste husbondes, nor sew none of her dettours after 
my deceaste, but seuerally longyng to her selfe. 

Item, I ordeyne that Willyam my sonne shalhaue the 
Chambur house in Estrege that Archur dwellith in. 

Item, I bequethe to Watkyn, my sonne, 40^. 

Item, unto John Joner 9 , 40^. 

To John Love, my servant, 10 marke in money or money 
worth. 

Item, I will that Isabell, my doughter, shalhaue all suche 
stuffe of housolde and implementes that was assigned by me of 
her grammother, full and hole to the valoure of 20/2'., whit that 
she marie by thaduyce of my executours and overseers. And 
if she die afore lawfull age, then I will that my executours 
of the same goodes deliver 8 markes for a preste by the 
yere ; and the residue of my goodes not bequest, my dettis 
paied, I give and bequethe unto Willyam my son, whom I 
make and ordeyne my veray trew executour, to dispose after 
my will. 

Item, I make and ordeyne Alson my wife, John Eston and 

2 Z 



354 



OTt'Us. 



Richard Love my overseers ; and that my executour take and 
delyuer John Eston for his laboure 6^. 8d. 

Proved the last day of February, 1497, and administration 
committed to the executor named. 

[Written in English.] 



1497. WILLIAM ABRE. 

[l6 HORNE.] 

1 8th July, A.D. 1497, I, William Abre alias Pewterer, of 
Glaston, diocese of Bath and Wells. 

My body to be buried in the church of St. John the Baptist 
of Glaston. 

To the four lights of the same church, \6d. 

To a fit secular priest to celebrate for one year in the said 
church for my soul, 8 marks. 

To Agnes, my daughter, "one pipe de woode," a bowl 
(cratercwt) of silver half-gilt, weighing 16 ounces. 

" Fraternitati Misse Iku [Jeshu] " of Wells, 6s. Sd. 

Residue to Margerete, my wife, whom I make executrix. 

Sir John Newman to see my present will effectually fulfilled. 

Witnesses : Thomas Fice, Mercer ; William Golde, fish- 
monger ; and William Doo. 

Proved 1st March, A.D. 1497. 



1497. RICHARD FLUETT. 

[17 HORNE.] 

22nd August, A.D. 1497, I, Richard Fluett, sound of mind, 
&c., and my body to be buried in the parish church of St. James 
of Bath. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Wells 2od. 

To the fabric of the parish church of St. James, 6^. Sd. 

To Sir Richard Estyngton, my confessor, 2Od. 



355 



To the fabric of God's House of Henton [Hinton Charter- 
house], 6s. 8d. 

To the fabric of the chapel of St. Katherine of Bath, $s. 4^. 

To the fabric of the great bridge of Bath, $s. ^d. 

To Walter, my servant, John Drove, Richard Drove, Isabella, 
my servant, and William Bocher, [each] oon settyng wood. 1 

Residue to Joan, my wife, and William Bocher the elder, 
whom I make my executors. Sir John Cantlowe, prior of Bath, 
and John Cokkes, supervisors. 

Witnesses : Sir Richard Estyngton, my confessor ; William 
Felice, and Thomas Welles. 

Proved 25th October, A.D. 1497. Administration committed 
to Joan, the relict and executrix named. 



1497. ISABELLA THURBARNE. 

[l6 HORNE.] 

The last day of August, A.D. 1497, I, Isabella Thurban, 
widow, late wife of William Thurbarn, " yoman," of Yatton, 
co. Somerset, make my will in the manner which follows : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
Yatton aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells 8d. 

To the fabric of the church of Yatton, 6s. 8d. 

To the vicar of the parish church of Yatton, 6s. 8d. 

To the parish church of Esteherptre, 6s. %d. 

To the parish church of Kyngeston Semor, 2Od. 

Item, to the chapel of Kenne, $d. 

Item, I bequeath to each of my sons and daughters to whom 
I stood sponsor at the sacred font and who were presented to 
the sacred hands of the bishop (per me ad sacrum fcntem 
baptismatorum et ad sacras manus episcopt sublimatoruin} ^d. 

Item, to Julian Childe, one girdle harnessed, and one brass 
pan (patellain). 

Item, to Alice Vale, one girdle harnessed, and i$s. 4^., and 
one pair of beads (precularuin). 

1 " Oon setting wood," these words occur in the five bequests to these people. 



356 



Jtamer&t 



Item, to my godson, son of John Wale, one cow. 

To the other children of the said John Vale, one calf 
(juvenculum) to be equally divided between them. 

Item, to Thomas Childe, my godson, one cow ; and one calf 
to be equally divided between the two children of Richard Childe. 

Item, I bequeath one cow and one calf to be divided among 
the children of William Knyght. 

Item, to find a suitable chaplain to celebrate in the said 
church of Yatton for the souls of me and my said husband for 
one whole year, 8 marks. 

I will that all the legacies above bequeathed and my funeral 
expenses shall be wholly paid with the moneys to be found in 
my chest, and out of debts owing by certain debtors to the 
aforesaid William Thurbarn in his lifetime and to me after his 
death ; and the residue thereof I give to William Knyght, 
Richard Childe and John Wale, equally to be divided among them. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give to 
William Knyght, whom I make my executor. 

These being witnesses : Walter Morys, vicar of Yatton ; 
John Bulbecke ; John Harlowe ; Roger Bekis and others. 

Proved 23rd February, 1497, by William Potkyn, notary 
public, proctor, &c., and administration committed to the 
executor named. 



1497. RICHARD ADAM. 

[l6 HORNE.] 

2 ist December, A.D. 1497, I Richard Adam. My body to be 
buried in church of the Apostles Peter and Paul of the Priory 
of Taunton. 

To the fraternity of the Blessed Mary in the church of 
St. James, near Taunton, 3/2'. 6s. 8d. 

To Sir William Birte, canon, 6s. 8d. 

To Sir Richard Mader, 2s. Sd 

To Sir John Baker, 2s. 6d. 

To the prior and convent for tithes forgotten, 1 3^. 4d 

To the church of St. Andrew of Wells, \2d. 



$oi)n $mn. 357 

My other goods to Agnes, my wife, whom I appoint 
executrix. 

Supervisors : Master James Adam and Richard Adam, 
my sons. 

Proved penultimate day of February, A.D. 1497. Administra- 
tion to Agnes, relict, &c. 



1497. JOHN PYM. 

[21 HORNE.] 

8th February, 1497, I, John Pym, now vicar of the 
prebendal 1 church of Longsutton, make my will under the 
manner and form which follows : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the prebendal parish 
church of Longsutton. 

Item, I bequeath to the cathedral church of Wells \2d. 

Item, to the parish church of Longsutton, 40^. 

Item, to the venerable father and lord John, 2 by the grace of 
God, Abbot of Athelney, to pray and distribute for my soul in 
pious uses, at his good pleasure, 10/2. 

Item, I bequeath to be distributed in money to the priests 
present on the day of my burial loos. 

Item, on the day of my trental, in like form, 40^. 

I bequeath to be distributed by the hands of my executors 
among the needy poor, and especially those of Long Sutton, 
i$s.^d. 

Item, to each child whom I have held in the sacred font of 
baptism (suscepi in sacro fonte baptismatis], ^d. 

Item, to each of my executors, for their pains about the 
fulfilling of this my will, 6s. 8d. 

The rest (cetera) of my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to John Hay and John Persone of Long Sutton, 
whom I ordain my executors ; and the abovesaid Abbot of 
Athelney, overseer. 

1 In 1201 the church of Long Sutton was made a prebend and attached to the 
abbacy of Athelney. (Church's Early History of the Church of Wells, p. 119.) 

2 John George was Abbot of Athelney 1485-1503. (S.R.S., xiv, 117.) 



358 



These being witnesses : John Borne, John Hogges, and 
others. 

Proved 23rd April, 1498, and administration committed to 
the executors, in the person of Robert Donoff, their proctor, &e. 
[1478, July 14. John Pym instituted vicar of Long Sutton ; Patron, Abbey 
of Athelney. (Som. Incs., p. 195.)] 



1497. WILLIAM ADICE. 

[21 HORNE.] 

In Dei nomine Amen, uth March, A.D. 1497, I, William 
Adice, rector of the parish church of Charleton Makerell, make 
my will, &c. 

First, I bequeath my soul to Almighty God, &c., and my 
body to be buried in the parish church of Charleton aforesaid. 

Item, to the said church, 3/2. 6s. %d. 

To the parish churches of Kyngeston, Butteligh, Kyng- 
wardeston, Somerton, Kyngton, and Charleton Adam, to each 
one beast (unam bestiain), to be delivered to them by the rector 
of Kynwardeston. 

To the chapel of Hurcotte, 1 two sheep. 

To Margery, my sister, eight oxen with a plough and the 
whole harness (apparatu) of the same, and all my money, and 
my five spoons of silver in my house at Charleton Makerell. 

I will that the said Margery have whatsoever she wishes of 
my best goods and of my beasts at Charleton aforesaid. 

To John Edmondes, rector of the parish church of Kyng- 
wardeston, my bed with all things to the same bed pertaining in 
my own chamber, my breviary {portiforimn) and all my books 
at Charleton aforesaid, two oxen and my other plough with the 
whole harness (apparatu\ 

To John Egge, my servant, 3 oxen. 

To William Ferreys, my servant, 2 oxen. 

To John Aleyn, late my servant, 2 oxen. 

To Edith Lite, 20s. 

1 This chapel was in Somerton. It was dedicated to St. James. See will of 
John Cammell, dated 1487. 



359 



To John Fridelok, my servant, 50 sheep. 

To the said John Edmondes, my best gown with the hood. 

To Robert, Richard, and John Sole, burgesses of Bristol, all 
that my tenement in the suburb of Bristol in the street called 
" Lewensmede " between the tenement of Sir John Chokke, 
knight, on the west, and the tenement of John Arthur, esquire, 
on the east, and it extends from the said street as far as the 
water of le Frome. To have, &c., for ever. 

John Swayn and Thomas Keynes, my attornies, to deliver 
seisin. 

The residue I bequeath to Richard Fitz James, Bishop of 
Rochester, John Hawley, of Bristol, chaplain, and John Fitz 
James the elder, esquire, whom I make my executors. 

Witnesses : Sir John Edmondes, chaplain, John Balle and 
Thomas Touker. 

Proved /th May, A.D. 1498, by Master John Halley, 
executor, &c. 

[Instituted to Rectory of Charlton Makerell September 28th, 1478. 
(Som. Incs., p. 50.)] 



1498. JOHN HICKES. 

[22 HORNE.] 

The xxij daye of Aprile the yere of owre Lorde 
M ! cccclxxxxviij I, John Hickes of the parishe of Yatton. 

My bodie to be buried within the churche of Yatton [to 
which church I bequeath] iij/z. iiijj. v\\]d. 

Item, to the modre churche of Wellis, 

To sir Walter Morise my curate, vj.?. 

Also I will that Robert my elder sonfi haue my tenement 
with all thynges that longeth to husbondry that is to say wayne 
plough with all other thynges longyng therto with oxen to 
occupe the same after the decease of my wife. 

To Willyam my youngest sonne v/f. of money to his 
mariage. 

To eche of my godchildren, \\\}d. 

To Agnes Dultyng a kertelcloth. 

To Alis Pole my daughter a kertilclothe, 



3 6 



The residue ... to Agnes my/wife vvhome I make my 
sole executrice that she may dispose for my sowle as hit to her 
may be sene best. 

Also I ordeyne Master Water Morise to be ouerseer. 

Witnesses : Thomas Haclet, preste, Richarde Wamperfelde 
and Richard Wynpeny. 

Proved I5th August, A.D. 1498. Administration to Agnes, 
relict, &c. 



1498. JOHN CALDBEK. 

[22 HORNE.] 

25th April, A.D. 1498, I, John Caldbek, perpetual vicar of the 
parish church of Wellyngton. 

My body to be buried in the middle of the chancel of the 
church of the Blessed Mary of Wellyngton. 

To the mother church of Wells, 1 2d. 

Item, I bequeath to the church of Wellyngton " unum anti- 
phonarium non ligatum continens in se Legendam competentem" 

To the church of Booklande, 2Os. 

To Queen's Hall, Oxford, "duos libros nota les scilicet 
Radulphum cartus. de vita Ifm Christi impressum et epistolas 
leronimi presbiteri impressum et pro note cerciori eorum 2 fo. 
primi memoriam habundancie secundo folio secundi significal." 

To Sir John Stubbes, " nepoti meo" my complete best bed. 

To Sir Robert Cole, 4 marks. 

To Ralph, " cognato meo" 26s. 8d., a gown of violet, and my 
second best bed complete. 

To my nephews Nicholas Stubbes and Richard and William, 
his brothers, all my lambs. 

To Lucy Blawer, a russet gown. 

To Agnes Crosse, my red mantle (clamidem}. 

To the Abbess and convent of Canonlegh, 2Os. 

The residue I give to Sir Robert Coke, my chaplain, and Sir 
John Stubbes, my nephew, my executors, to dispose for my soul. 

Proved I2th July, A.D. 1498. Administration to the said 
executors. 

[Calbeke, John, M.A., sup. for D.D. i;th March, 1462-3, fellow of 
Queen's 1452. (Reg. Univ. Oxon, Boase, i, 36.)] 



361 



1498. JOHN GUNTHORPE. 

[22 HORNE.] 

" In nomine Sancti et indii? Trir? Patris Filii et S. Spiritus ac 
Beate et gloriose Virginis Marie genitricis Dni nostri Ihu Christi 
necnon beatissimorum Apostol Petri Pauli Andree et Johannis 
Evangeliste atque sanctissimorum virginum Katerine, Margarete, 
beatissime Marie Magdalene et Marie Egipcian et omnium 
sanctorum et sanctarum Dei die lune in crastino nativitatis Sci 
Johannis Baptiste xxv. die mensis Junii, 1498. 

" Ego Johannes Gunthorpe miser et indignus presbiter decanus 
eccl. Cath. Sci Andree We lien, compos mentis, &c., sep. in capella 
sancte Katerine in parte australi summi altaris subtus imaginem 
beate Marie le Gesian^ " 

To the parish church of the Blessed Mary Magdalen of 
Dichesiat, diocese of Bath and Wells, 20/2., to provide 
ornaments for the use of the high altar. 

To the parish church of Wed more, 30/2'., prebendal church 
of Bitton, diocese of Worcester, 20/2'., prebendal church of 
Banbery, diocese of Lincoln, 30/2'., prebendal church of 
Laughton in Morethyng, diocese of York, 40/2'., to provide 
ornaments for the use of the high altars. 

To the royal chapel of St. Stephen, at Westminster, 100 marks 
with that intent only, that the dean and canons faithfully cause 
my obit to be observed, for ever. If they refuse to do this my 
executors shall cause to be delivered to the said dean and 
canons 20/2. for ornaments for the use of the high altar there. 

To John Ustwaite and Joan, his wife, of the city of 
Wells, 40/2. 

To Robert Ustewaite, son of Thomas Ustewaite, all my 
lands and tenements in Est Grenewiche and in other parts of 
the county of Kent, to him and his heirs for ever. 

To my sister, Helen Welles, wife of John Welles, 100 marks, 

1 This image of our Lady in Gesine, Bedgang, or Childbed is mentioned in the 
Wells Cathedral MSS. , pp. 287, 290. An account of it will be found in Waterton's 
Pietas Mariana, i, 234. 

Kennet, from the Reg. Wellen., says that in 1487 Dean Gunthorpe gave to the 
treasury of the church a massive silver image of the Virgin, weighing 158 ounces 
(Phelps's Somerset.) 

3 A 



362 



and all lands which I have in the county of Lincoln, during her 
life, and after her death I will that the said Robert Ustewaite 
have the same lands entirely to him and his heirs for ever. If 
the said Robert die without heirs lawfully begotten all the said 
lands and tenements to remain to his two sisters Amy (Amee] 
and Bridget and their issue, in default I will that the next heir 
of my blood shall succeed. 

The residue I give to Masters Richard Hatton, doctor 
" utriusque juris!' William Bakett, doctor of decrees, subdean of 
the said cathedral church, Sir William Hoody, knight, Robert 
Pemberton, priest and bachelor of decrees, and John Ustewaite, 
abovenamed, whom I make my executors that they may dispose 
for the health of my soul. 

Supervisor : *' Reverendus in CJiristo pater et dominus dom. 
Jo/i. pennissione divina Landaven. Episcopus" 

Present : Master Nicholas Trappe, general proctor of the 
Court of Canteibury and Thomas Goldewege, priest, notaries 
public, John Welles, gentleman, John Fonteyn, and Thomas 
losue, " literatis" 

Proved 26th August, A.D. 1498. 

[The following were the testator's preferments with dates, as far as they 
can be gathered from Le Neve's Fasti : 

1452. One of the Vicars of the Collegiate Church of Southwell (Test. 

Ebor., iii, 125). 

1468, September 30. Warden of King's Hall, Cambridge. 
1468, December 30. Prebendary of Hoxton (London). 

1471, August 15. Prebendary of Banbury (Lincoln). 

1471-2, February 22. .Prebendary of Wenlakesbarn (London). 

1472, October 3. Archdeacon of Essex. 
1472, December 18. Dean of Wells. 

1478, May 15. Prebendary of Laughton (York). 

He died June 25, 1498, and was buried in Wells Cathedral near Bishop 
Drokensford. His arms (a chevron between three hand grenades] are to be 
found on his tomb, at the Deanery, and also on the parapet of the chancel 
of Ditcheat Church. (See Jewers's Wells Cathedral, 75, 270.)] 



363 



1498. JOAN SYDENHAM. 

[35 HORNE.] 

1 5th July theyere of our lorde Gode 1498, 1, Joan Sydenham, 
wedowe, make my testament in this maner : 

I bequeth my body to be buryed in the priorie churche of 
Canyngton before the Roode at the Quere dore. 

Also I will that Sir Robert Teler, now my chaplayn, or 
another honest prcest, if the seid Sir Robert decesse or departe, 
syng and pray for my soule yerely by the space of 5 yeres, 3 of 
the first yeres therofif to be serued in the se'd priorie at the 
awter of saynt Kateryne, and that other 2 yeres after that in the 
parissh churche of Canyngton at the awter of saynt Nicholas. 

Also I bequeth to the moder churche of saynt Andrew of 
Welles 35-. nd. 

To the priorasse and convent of Canyngton, a basyn and a 
ewer of siluer, 2 cruetts of siluer, a paxe brede of siluer gylte, 
the said cruetts and paxebrede to be in the kepyng of the Sexten 
of the said priorie duryng the said terme of 5 yeres, to serue my 
prest at his masse on high festiuall dayes. 

Also I bequeth to the priorasse before said, to pray for my 
soule, 6s. Sd. 

To the Suppriorasse of the same howse, $s. ^d. ; and to every 
mynched processed, 2s., and to every nonne there, \2d. 

Also I bequeth to the vicary of Canyngton 6s. 8d. 

To the howse of Canyngton, 40^. 

To the parissh churche of Canyngton, 40^. 

To the bretherden of the Trinitie in the parissh church of 
Canyngton, ios., for 3 names to be hadde in the same bretherden, 
that is to sey, my name and the names of my 2 husbondes John 
saynt Tabyn [St. Aubyn] and John Sydenham. 

Also I bequeth to the parissh churche of Strengeston 2os. 

To the newe werke of the parissh churche of saynt Decuman, 
1 3 j. <\d. 

Also I bequeth to the Freres of Brugwater 40^. 

To the Freres of luelchester, io.v. 

To my doughter, suster Elizabeth Sydenham at Boke- 
lond, 40.?. 



364 &onwr$tt 



To Elizabeth Boler, mynchyn at Canyngton, 26s. Sd., and a 
pece of siluer called a playn cuppe. 

Also I bequeth to my sone saynt Tabyn a bolle pece of 
siluer with a couer of siluer, and a salt seler of siluer. 

Also to my doughter Elizabeth, mynchyn of Bokland, a salt 
seler of siluer. 

Also to Agnes Huyssh my gentilwoman, 8 markes in money, 
with a bedde performed, that is to sey, a fetherbedde, a materas, 
a bolster, a payre of blankettes, 2 payre of shetes, a pelow and a 
couerlet of grenesaye. 

Also I bequeth to William Trowbruge, my servant, 8 markes 
and a bedde performed, with a tester and a seler. 

Also to John saynt Tabyn the yonger, my godde sone, 20s. 
To John Berde my servant, 6s. 8d. 

To the poore men and poore women of the almeshowse of 
Stokgursey, 3^. 4-d. 

To the poore men and poore women of the almeshouse of 
Brugwater, 2Od. 

I woll that myn executor doo to be seid for me 100 masses 
before that I be buryed, and to distribute amonges poore folkes 
in money and brede 3/2. 6s. Sd. And at the yeres ende, called 
the Anniuersary in lykewise to distribute 3/2. 6s. Sd. 

Also I woll that my seid prest and chaplayn sey by the space 
of 20 dayes nexte after my buriall daily dirige with commen- 
dacions and masse, and to have for his labor 6s. 8d< Also daily 
duryng the moneth next after my deth, the 7 psalmes, the 1 5 
psalmes, and the letanye. And also, after the seid 30 dayes 
passed, by the space of 5 yeres every weke, monday, Wednesday 
and Friday, dirige with lawdes and commendacions, and to have 
for his labor yerely 6/z. 1 3^. 4d., fyndyng himself brede, wine and 
wexe. Also I woll that ther be departed every Friday and 
Saturday for my soule wekely during the terme of the seid 
5 yeres among poore people $d. 

Also I woll that the prioresse and the Conuent of Canyngton 
have yerely of my londes and rentes lying in the parisshe of 
Ouerstowey byside the parke, whiche londes John Walsshman 
holdeth there, and is called Thurlondes, i6d., to maynteyn the 
lamp before the roode at the quere dore, where my body 
shall lye. 



Joan &Dttnrfjam. 365 



Also I woll that the seid Agnes Huyssh, in consideracion of 
her good and longe service with me, have yerely 13^. A f d. duryng 
her lyfT, oute of my londes and tenementes in Luttockesborogh 
in the parissh of Crawcomb, whiche londes John Turke holdeth 
nowe of me. Also I woll that the seid William Trowbruge have 
yerely duryng his lyff 40^. owte of my londes and tenementes in 
Chadde marsh in the parissh of Stokegomer. 

And furthermore I woll that the issues of my londes and 
tenementes in Olfoxton, Wache, Tuxe, Oldmynster, a place 
called Tokingmylle, and in Burton in the parissh of Stokgursey, 
which londes, all and some, were the londes and tenementes of 
Richard Popham, by the space of 10 yeres be receyued and 
apployed to the performance of this my will, the contentacion of 
my dettes and legacies, and other charitable dedes for the welthe 
of my soule. 

Also I bequeth to Johane Boler, my doughter is doughter, a 
girdell of blake felwett harneysed with siluer and gilte, and a 
newe signet of golde. 

Also I bequeth unto Dame Alianor, priorasse of Canyngton, 
and to the Convent of the same, all the wodde lying in the 
house besides my stabell within the curtlage of Canyngton. 

Also, to my doughter Dame Elisabeth Boler, my gowne with 
felwett cuffys, and all my weryng kercheff evenly to be departed 
betwene her and my seid servant Agnes Huyssh. 

Also I geve to the seid Agnes Huyssh my gobelet of siluer 
with the cover, and my gowne of violet bordered with blacke 
schanke. 

And I bequeth to Willyam Trowbruge, besides all other 
bequestes, for his true service done unto me,. and for asmoche as 
I haue hadde long tyme the use and pleasure of his house, 
gardyn and orchard, with the frutes and profites without paying 
of any rente, in recompense of the same I yeue to hym my 
wodde lying in the same house, to be departed equaly betwene 
Dame Elizabeth Boler, Agnes Huyssh and hym. 

Also a chetell, a panne, all my bruyng vesselles, a brasyn 
morter, and a russet mantell, which was sir Harries ; also all the 
hongyng of my chamber, a brasyn pott with a broken brymme. 

Also to Agnes Huyssh, a brasyn panne of 4 galons and 
more, a posnet with a stele and broken feete, and a stele panne. 



366 &oimrs'et Wiiil*. 



Also I yeve to Dame Elizabeth Boler, a blacke panne of 
2 galons and more. 

The residue of all my goodes I yeve and bequeth to my sone 
John Sydenham, and hym I ordeyne and make my executor, 
praying and requyring him uppon my blessyng that he, 
consideryng how goode and loving moder I haue ben unto him, 
that he fulfyll this my last wille. 

There beyng present at makyng of this my last wille John 
Sydenham of Brympton, Thomas Tylly, Reginald Hody, 
esquyers, Robert Byccomb, gentilman, sir John Evan, preest, 
Nicholas Cutter, William Beruyle, Robert Bernevyle and many 
other. 

Proved 28th June, 1499, by Reginald Hoody and William 
Trowbrigge, witnesses, and administration committed to the 
executor named. 

[Written in English.] 



1498. JOHN COPER. 

[26 HORNE.] 

29th August, A.D. 1498, I, John Coper, bequeath my body to 
be buried before the altar of St. John the Baptist in the church 
of St. George of Bekynton. 

To the mother church of Wells, \2d. 

To the church of Bekynton, 40^. 

To each son and daughter of mine, 10/2. 

To Hugh Trapinoll, 6s. 8d. 

To Nicholas Gouvyn, 6s. 8d. 

To William Hawkyns, 6s. %d. 

To John Smyth, 6s. &d. 

The residue I give to Philippa, my wife, and John Coper, my 
son, whom I make executors, and Thomas Compton my 
overseer. 

Witnesses : Thomas Compton, Hugh Trapnoll,and Nicholas 
Gouvyn. 

Proved i8th November, A.D. 1498. 

["Before the high altar of St. John the Baptist in the church of 



ap ftfofoell. 367 



St. Gregory of Beckynton," Test. Vet., ii, 438. In this short statement there 
are two errors. The words are " corpusque meum sepeliendum cora altari 
sancti Johannis baptiste in ecclia sancti Georgii de Bekynton." According 
to Test. Vet. the testator was of the family from which the Earl of Shaftes- 
bury is descended.] 



1498. RICHARD AP HOWELL. 

[34 HORNE.] 

26th September, A.D. 1498, I, Richard ap Howell of Glaston 
in the diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
Blessed Mary of Glaston, within the monastery. 

Item, I bequeath to the four lights (luminibus) of the church 
of St. John the Baptist of Glaston, 2s. 

Item, I bequeath to the church aforesaid one pair of vest- 
ments. 

Item, to William, my son, one silver bowl (crateram), one 
silver spoon, and one ' le pipe de woode." 

Item, to the reparations of the causeway (calceto) of Strete and 
Sowey, 1 8</. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed, after my 
debts are paid, I give and bequeath to Joan, my wife, whom I 
make my executrix, to dispose for the health of my soul. 

These being witnesses : Sir John Androwe, Robert Page, 
William Basse and Thomas Bery. 

Proved at Lambeth 9th June, A.D. 1499, by the oath of 
Richard Antony, "literati" her proctor, and administration com- 
mitted to Joan, relict, in the person of her said proctor. 



1 See p. 228, note i, 



368 Jfcomemt 



1498. THOMAS WEBB. 

[30 HORNE.] 

23rd October, A.D. 1498, I, Thomas Webbe, parishioner of 
Stoke next Chew Episcopi, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
parish church of St. Andrew of Chew. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the mother church of 
Wells yl. 

Item, to the chapel of the Blessed Mary of Chew, $s. 4^. 

Item, to the parish church of Stoke aforesaid, $s. /\.d. 

Item, I bequeath to the Rector of Stoke aforesaid, for cele- 
brating a trental of St. George (sic) for my soul, tos. 

Item, to my sons, to wit, Martin Webbe and John Webbe, 
four woollen cloths. 

Item, to my daughters, to wit, Agnes and Alice, two heifers 
(juvencas). 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed, after my 
debts and funeral expenses are paid, I give and bequeath to 
Joan, my wife, whom I make my executrix ; and her (etus) 
overseers, Thomas Shepman of Clopton and John Butler of 
Stoke aforesaid. 

These being witnesses : John Crosse, William Sawnders, 
Richard Wheler, with divers others then present. 

Proved 22nd February, 1498, by Master William Potkynne, 
notary public, proctor, &c., and administration committed to the 
executrix named. 



1498. RICHARD VOWELL. 

[29 HORNE.] 

2Oth November, A.D. 1498, I, Richard Vowell of Wells, in the 
diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
St. Cuthbert of Wells. ' 



T^ofoetl. 369 



Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells 3j. 4d. 

Item, to the painting (picture) of the altar of the Blessed 
Mary in the same church, 40^. 

Item, to the prior and convent of the house of Bruton, 
one cup. 

Item, to the canons (concanonicis) of the same house, to say 
for my soul exequies and mass of requiem on the day of my 
burial, 2Os. 

Item, to the prioress of Bucklond and to the convent of the 
same house, one cup. 

Item, to the sisters of the same house, to say for my soul 
exequies and mass of requiem on the day of my burial, 2Os. 

Item, I give and bequeath to Margaret my wife my tenement 
in which I dwell in Wells aforesaid, with the curtilage, orchard 
and close adjacent, for term of her life in name of dower, and 
also another tenement lying in Shirborne in co. Dorset, " in la 
newlonde" in which tenement John Knap now dwells. 

Item, to the Master (Magistro) and Commonalty of the city 
of Wells, three tenements in the city of Wells, lying together in 
the street called Southouer, between the way (viam) which leads 
to the close which Joan Smyth now holds for term of her life, the 
reversion whereof belongs to the Master and Commonalty of the 
said town, on the west, and the tenement of the prior of St. John 
the Baptist on the east, in which tenements John Kynge, " mil- 
warde," Thomas Wiseman, "toker," and Joan, late wife of John 
Craynarde, now dwell, to hold to them and their successors for 
ever, upon this condition, that they shall hold or cause to be held 
in the church of St. Cuthbert of Wells aforesaid my obit on the 
day of my death (obitus) and of Margaret my wife, when we 
shall have departed this life, of our parents and children, 
according to the honest manner of obits held in the same church, 
distributing to the vicar of the said church 8d, and to each 
priest (presbitero) celebrating in the same church ^d. Item, to 
each of the three clerks, 2d. ; to the wardens of the goods of the 
church, Sd ; to the beadle 1 (preconi), 2d. Item, to the Fraternity 
of the Holy Trinity in the same church yearly, 2od., that the 

1 Hie preco, "abedylle." (Wrights Vocabularies, Wiilcker, i, 68 r.) 

3 B 



370 



chaplain may pray for us yearly in the mass as he does for other 
brothers there. 

Item, I bequeath to the Fraternity of St. John the Baptist in 
the same church yearly, 2od. y that the chaplain of that chapel 
may do as the chaplain of the Holy Trinity does in the mass. 

Item, to the Fraternity of Jesus yearly, 4^. 

Item, to the Master of the Commonalty to oversee all these 
things done and faithfully fulfilled, \2d. 

Item, I will that after my debts are paid all the rest of my 
goods shall be disposed by Margaret, my wife, whom I make my 
sole executrix. 

These being witnesses : William Vowell, my son, Master John 
Blakdon, my confessor, Thomas Hikely, chaplain, and others. 

Proved i6th February, 1498, by Master William Potkyn, 
notary public, proctor, &c., and administration committed to the 
executrix named. 



1498. JOHN AUSTELL. 

[29 HORNE.] 

1 7th December, A. D, 1498, 1, John Austell, canon residentiary 
of the cathedral church of St. Andrew of Wells. 

My body to be buried in the chapel of the Holy Ghost 
within the cathedral church aforesaid situate on the north side 
of the high altar. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the said cathedral church 2Os. 

Item, I bequeath to the library of the said cathedral church 
" unam bibleam impressam in diwbus voluminibus" and another 
book called " lira, impressum in iiij or vohiminibus? 

Item, I bequeath to the aforesaid chapel of the Holy Ghost 
" unuin librum impressum vocatum Augustinus de Trinitate et de 
Ciuitate Dei" in one volume. 

To the same chapel, " alium librum impressum vocatum Titus 
Liuius" and "alium librum impressum ' Plinius.'" 

Item, I bequeath to the chapel of the vicars choral of the 
cathedral church aforesaid situate at the end of the vicars' close 
" unum librum nominatum Policronicon et alium librum vocatum 
Valerius Maximus cum commento impress!' 



371 



To the Master of the scholars of the aforesaid cathedral 
church, for the use of the school there, " libros Catholicon et 
gutrunnii [or gutrumnt\ impress' ', choristis eccl. catk. unum 
capicium de scarlet ad usum eorundem certo tempore anni ut mos 
exigit ocupand^ \ eccl.paroch. de Wynforde unum par vestimentorum 
de blew velvet el unum portiforium" 

To Richard Smyth, my servant, a second best pot of " bras " 
and a best dish (patellam) one silver spoon, a horn with silver 
and gilt band (ligaturd) and 40^. in money. 

To Andrew, my servant, one good pot (pllani) of " brasse," a 
plate, a silver spoon, and 40^ in money. 

To Thomas, my other servant, one brass pot, &c. 

To Sir John Fox, my vicar choral, one small silver saltcellar 
(salsariuiti) with its silver covering. 

Item, to Emota, my sister, wife of Thomas Browne, a gown 
of " scarlet," a silver cup, and 40^. in money. 

To Edmund Seyntlo, esquire, " cognato meo" a silver cup and 
40^. in money. 

To Nicholas Kelly, a gown and 2os. in money. 

To John, son of the said Edmund Seyntlo, 12 sheep. 

Item, to Walter Seyntlo, " unum librum vocatum ' cronica 
cronicarum ' et alterum librum vocatum ' Marcianus de nupciis 
philologiel unum parvam bibliam manu scriptam " and a book of 
decrees. 

To Margaret Awne, wife of Thomas Awrie, of the city of 
Wells, a gown, a silver spoon, and 6s. $d. in money. 

To Isabella Hert a gown of " tawny " which is at my 
benefice of Wynforde. 

To Master Thomas Awstell, my brother, canon residentiary 
of the cathedral church abovewritten, a silver cup with its cover, 
and 4 marks in money. 

To John Seyntlo, knight, a silver cup with its cover, and 
4 marks in money. 

To Sir William Longe, my chaplain, a silver cup, and 
4 marks in money. 

The residue I bequeath to the aforesaid Thomas Awstell, 
John Seyntlo, and William Long, whom I make my executors, 
that they may dispose of my goods not bequeathed for the weal 
of my soul. 



37 2 j^ottuvtt Wills'. 



Present: Master John Standewik, notary public, and John 
Tiler, of Wells. 

Proved I5th February, A.D. 1498. 

[Testator was instituted Rector of Winford June 10, 1442, and held the 
benefice till his death.] 



1498. SYBIL CAMMELL. 

[34 HORNE.] 

20th January, A.D. 1498. I, Sybil Cammell, late the wife of 
John Cammell, of Glaston, diocese of Bath and Wells, bequeath, 
&c., and my body to be buried in the church of St. John the 
Baptist of Glaston, within the chancel, in the tomb of my 
husband Thomas Frye, esquire. And if it cannot conveniently 
be done, let it be done near his side. 

Item, I bequeath to each light (lumini) in the said 
church, 4^. 

Item, I ordain and dispose for one honest and suitable priest 
to serve in the choir and to celebrate for my soul and the souls 
of my spouses, boys, friends, kinsmen, benefactors, and all the 
faithful deceased in the said church, 9 marks to be taken yearly 
for the space of five years. 

Item, to the causeways (calcetis) of Stret and Sowey, icxr. 

To the fabric of the parish church of St. John the Baptist, 
" unum doliumferri" 

To the fabric of the chapel of St. Benignus, " unam pipam 1 
ferri" 

To the fabric of the parish church of Budeley, " unam pipam 
ferrir 

To the fabric of the chapel of Baltisborowe, " dimidiam pipam 
ferri" 

To each godson (filiolo), 4-d 

To Lucy Fitz, two gowns lined (duplicatas] with woollen 
cloth, 2 curtells and 3^. ^d. 

To Master Walter Wilde, " unam cratheram roseam " with a 

1 Pype, vessel or half tunne, seinidoliuin, pipa. (Prompt. Parv.) Ton (doliuiii}~ 
4 hogsheads, pipe = 2 hogsheads, quarter = I hogshead = 60 gallons, 



373 



gilt foot and a gilt mouth, a book that he shall wish to choose, 
and 20s. 

" Jolianne Rendale servienti mee nuper j zonam stipatani non 
deauratam cum rubeo colore in una parte et viridi colore ex altera 
parted 

To the poor in the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen in 
Glaston, one waggon-load of fire-wood (unum plaustnun 
' focalium). 

I make Richard Frye, my son, executor, and Walter Frye 
supervisor. 

The residue I give to Richard Frye, my son. 

Witnesses : Master William Spekenton, bachelor " in utroque 
jure" Sir John Hardiberd, notary public, and Sir John Barnhill, 
chaplain. 

Proved 20th June, A.D. 1499, by the oath of the executor 
named. 



1498. JOHN SANTLO, KNT. 

[32 HORNE.] 

I4th March, A.D. 1498, I, John Santlo, knyght, make this my 
present testament concerning my last will in maner and forme 
folowyng : 

I bequethe my body to be buried in the parisshe cherch of 
Chewe, within Bath and Wellys diocese, in the countie of 
Somerset. 

Item, I bequethe to the moder chirche of Wellys 3^. ^d. 

To the parisshe chirche of Chewe, for to bye ornamentes or 
other thingys necessarie for the bodie of the same, 40^., and a 
portuous newe amakyng and remaynyng as yet in the handes 
of Sir Phillip my chappeleyn. 

Item, I bequethe to my curat of the parissh chirch of Chewe, 
for tithes and offeringes negligently witholdin and forgotin, 2OS, 

Item, to Marie my doughter, 100/2. to be paied to the said 
Marie as sone as she shall come to the age of 1 5 yeres. 

Item, to Alianore my doughter, loo/z. in like manner. 

If it happen any of my said 2 doughters to decesse afore the 
age by me above expressid, then I will that the 100/2. bequethid 



374 



to her so decessing be hooly paied to hir overlyving ; and if 
they both decesse, which God defende, then I will the 200/2. 
shall be paied to Nicholas Santlo, my sonne and haire. 

Item, I bequethe to the Prior and Convent of the hows of 
Temple freris in Bristowe, 2Os. ; and to every other Prior and 
Convent of the ordre of freris within Bristowe, $s. 

And the residue of my goodes as yet not bequethid to be 
disposid for the welthe of my sowle according by the good 
mynde of Dame Isabell my wife, Nicholas Sayntlo my brother, 
and John Poole, yoman of the Crowne, which I make and 
ordeyne myne executours : and Sir John Chok, knight, overseer 
of this my present testament. 

In wittenesse whereof to this my present testament and last 
will I have putte my scale, these being present : Sir John 
Chok, knyght afore named, John Bodestrant esquier, Syr John 
Kedill, preste, John Staunton, Thomas Smyth, John Smygge 
the yonger, and other. 

Proved [date omitted], and administration committed to the 
executors, in the person of Master John Reede, notary public, 
their proctor in this behalf. 

[Written in English.] 



1498. DAME ISABEL NEWTON. 

[23 HORNE.] 

1 8th Marche, the yere of cure Lorde 1498, I, Dame Isabell 
Newton of Wyke within the pariche of Yatton, late the wif of 
Sir John Newton, knight, make my testament in this wise : 

I bequethe my body to be buried in the newe chapell of Saint 
John the Evangelist within the churche of Yatton. 

Item, I bequethe to the Cathedrall Churche of Wellys, my 
moder churche, 6s. 8d. 

Also to the parishe churche of Yatton, 40^. 

Item, I bequethe to Master Water Morice, vicary of thesaide 
churche, 2os. 

Item, I will and ordeyne that myne executours do fynd a 
well disposed Freest to sing for my soule within the church of 
Yatton in the newe chapell of Saint John above rehersid during 
the space of 5 yeres. 



I3ame JteaM fitfotmt. 375 

Also I bequeithe to every ordre of the 4 ordres within the 
towne of Bristowe, 1 $s. ^d. 

Item, to the church of Brokeley, los. 

Item, to the church of Chelvey, IDS. 

To the church of Obley, 6s. &d. 

To the church of Congaresbury, 6^. $>d< 

To the church of Thornefaucon, 6s. &d. 

To the prisoners of Newgate in the towne of Bristowe, 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeithe to Elizabeth Kenne, my doughter, one 
bason of siluer, with an ewer, and one potte of siluer and a 
bordeclothe of diaper. 

Item, I bequeithe to the manage of Anne Kynne, doughter 
of John Kynne, 40/2'., to be delivered to the saide Anne by the 
hands of Richard Newton my sonne, when she is maried. 

Item, I bequeith to the manage of Isabell Newton, doughter 
of Thomas Newton, my sonne, 40/2'. 

Item, to John Newton, sone to Thomas Newton, 13/2'. 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeith unto Nicholas Newton, my sonne, a flatte 
pece with a kever. 

Item, unto the same Nicholas my manor y callid Doghather- 
ley within the countie of Gloucester. 

Item, I bequeithe to Thomas Kenne, sonne to John Kenne, 
all londes and tenementes in Brentmershe y callid Berough 
Grene and Burneham, to his exhibicion to scole during termes 
and yeres that John Broke gentilman late hath hade of the gyfte 
and feoffement of John Kenne, gentilman, by his charture 
endented, whose date the loth day of June. 

Item, I bequeith to Sir Thomas Haklet, prest, 4/2". to his 
exhibucion to scole at Oxonford. 

Item, to every of my servants y callid yemen servants, 6s. 8d. 

The residue of my goodys not bequeithed I give and 
bequeithe to Richard Newton my sonne, whom I ordeyne my 
sole executor. In to witnesse of the which thing to this present 
writing I have putte my scale. 

These witnes Master Water Morice, curate ; Sir Thomas 
Haklett, preest ; Thomas Emwell, yoman. 

(No entry of Probate Act.) 

[Written in English.] 



376 



1499. JOHN GILBERT. 

[7 MOONE.] 

2Oth Aprile the yere of our lorde God 1499, I, John Gilberte 
of Wittecombe, 1 make my last will in this manner : 

I bequeith my body to be buried in the churche of Witte- 
combe aforesaid. 

Item, I geve and bequeith to the Cathedrall Church of Welles 
and Bath, \2d. 

Item, I will that 6li. 13^. 4^. of the revennews of my manor 
of Stert aboue the annuite graunted by me unto Robert Gilbert, 
my sone, and Margarete his wif, be paied yerely to the conten- 
tacion of my dettes. 

I geve and bequeith to my doughter Jone Leweston a bedde 
with all the stuffe therto belonging and the hangyng of a 
chamber. 

Also I will that an annuite of 6/z. 13^. ^d. be graunted unto 
my sone John goyng out of the manor of Sampborn in the 
Countie of Southampton, for terme of his life, or elles out of my 
landes within the He of Wight. 

Item, I bequeith to every of my servantes, both man and 
woman, \2d. above there wages in money or money worth. 

Item, to the prisoners being within the gaoles of Dorchester 
and Ivelchester, 3^. ^d. 

I bequeith all the indumentes of my body unto my sonnes, 
whereof the best unto my sone Robert. 

I geve unto my sone Sir Henry, prest, a complete bede. 

I will that my wif enioye all my goodes and catalls duryng 
her life, and after her disceace I will that one halfe of my saide 
goodes be disposid amongest my sonnes and doughters or elles 
a mongest there children, if eny of theme be in lyf, and the tother 
halfe to be disposid after the discrecion of my saide wif in dedes 
of cherite, to pray for us ; provided that my wif haue of my saide 
goodes 6 oxen, a wayne with all thapparall therto belonging 
and all maner of plough gere with dragge, harowe and all other 
thinges therto belonging, and a 100 shepe, weders or ewes at her 
pleasure. 

1 Whitcombe, in the parish of Gorton Denham. 



Warn. 377 



And my saide wife Jone and Robert Gilbert, my sone, I 
ordeyne myne Executors to dispose my said goodes according 
unto my last will after ther best maner. 

Proved i6th November, 1499, by Robert Donoff, proctor, &c., 
and administration committed to the executors named. 
[Written in English.] 



1499. THOMAS CROSLEY. 

[34 HORNE.] 

I, Thomas Crosley of the parisshe of Frome Selwode in the 
yere M^cccclxxxxix, the xxviij daie of Aprile make this 
my testament. 

My bodie to be buried in the Churche of Saynte John 
Baptiste in Frome aboue saide. 

Item, to the Cathedrall church of Wellis xij< 

To my sonne Edward Crosley to pray for my soule vj.s. viij< 

To Amice Ludwell my doughter to praie for my soule vj.s. 
v'rijd. 

Such goodes as my executours name and dispose to my 
sonnes Herry and Richarde and unto John my yongest sonne be 
delyuerd to theym as at my own ordynance. 

The residue I will that my wife Helene dispose, the which 
Helene I ordeyne my executrice. 

These beryng witnes, sir Willyam Cliff curate, sir John 
Adams, William Richardes and dyuers oder. 

Proved 8th June, A.D. 1499. Administration to Helene, the 
relict, &c. 



1499. JOAN WARRE. 

[38 HORNE.] 

2nd May, A.D. 1499, I, Joan Warr, relict of Richard Warre 
make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial in the chapel of 
St. Katherine in the parish church of Illmystre. 



37 8 



Item, I will that the body of my mother, where it now lies 
buried, shall be removed, carried, and buried in the chapel of 
St. Katherine in the aforesaid church as soon as conveniently 
may be. 

Item, I bequeath to George Sidenham, chaplain, one feather 
bed and one cover (coopertoriuni) of " Tapestry werke." 

Item, to Margaret Sampforde, my servant, one bed in which 
it chances I shall finish my life, with all the apparel of the same. 

Item, I bequeath to the prior and convent of Taunton, to 
pray specially for me, 2Ctf. 

Item, to the prioress and convent of Buclond, to specially 
pray for me, 20s. 

Item, to Richard Worle, my servant, los. 

Item, to Hugh Garth, vicar of Ilton, 6s. 8d. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to John Wadham, knight, whom I make my executor, 
to dispose for the health of my soul in the best way he shall be 
able. 

These being witnesses : John Tailoure, vicar there ; John 
Chafie, with others. 

Proved i6th November, 1499, by Robert Donof, " literatus? 
proctor, &c., and administration committed to the executor 
named. 



1499. JOHN BUYSSHOPE. 

[7 MOONE.] 

6th Auguste in the yere of oure lorde 1499, I John Buys- 
shoppe of Taunton, Towker, make my testament and will under 
this maner : 

I bequeith my body to the churche of Saint Peter and Paule 
in the Priory of Taunton there to lighe be twene 2 Pillours of the 
side side 1 of Trinite dore. 

Item, I geve and bequeith to the Prior and his Couent of 
Taunton for my forgoten tithynges, and to take me as a broder 
there, and to be present at my dirige and masses, half a pipe of 
odde [woad]. 

1 Sic MS. [? south side]. 



379 



Item, I bequeith to the making of the newe towre at 
Mawdeleyn churche in Taunton, a peace of wollen clothe in 
value 2os. 

Item, to every seruice of the sepulcure and hiecrosse within 
the same churche a peace of wollen clothe of the same valor. 

Item, I bequeith to Master Nicholas Dissam icxy. 

To the churche of Wellis, 2od. 

To every prest that comyth to my dirige and masse, 8d. 

To every clerke, ^d. 

To every godchilde of myne, I2d. 

Item, I bequeith unto John Busshop of Lyme 2 peaces of 
wareclothes. 

Item, to Master John Busshop in money, 40^. 

To William Busshop, halfe a packe of Tauntons. 1 

Item, to Joane Busshop, a stondyng cup covered parcell gilte, 
a salte of siluer couered, a dossen spones of siluer, a packe of 
tauntons, and the reversion of my house after the discease of my 
wif, she to kepe yerely in the churche of Mary Mawdelen 
during the yeres of the saide house a obite of 3^. ^d. for me and 
my wif. And if she die be fore tyme of lawfuil age, I will that all 
the said goodes shall returne unto a Freest selarie for me, and 
the revercion of the saide house to returne unto the Sepulcre 
service. 

Item, I will the same Jane have parte of my stuffe of hous- 
holde after my wifes disceace at her will and disposicion. 

Item, I bequeith unto Isabeth Busshop halfe a dossen spones 
and part of my housholde after my wifes disceace. 

Item, unto Sir Rafe Bery, my broder, 2Os. in money. 

The residue of my goodes not bequeithed I geve unto Joane 
my wif, whom I ordeyne and make my true executrix, and 
Sir Raffe Bery, prest, my broder, and Thomas Walshotte to be 
supervisors of this my last will, Sir Raffe taking for his labor a 
peace of silver uncovered, and the saide Thomas, my best gowne 
and 26s. 8d. in money. 

To these witnessith Master Nicholas Dissham, vicar, notory 
papall, John Will, preest, Sir Nicholas Tresshere with other 
moo. 

1 A broad cloth so named from the place of its manufacture (see The Draptn* 
Dictionary). 



3 8o 



Proved i6th November, 1499, by the oath of Robert Donoff, 
proctor, &c., and administration committed to the executrix 

named. 

[Written in English.] 



1499. JOHN ROSEWILL. 

[38 HORNE.] 

1 2th August, A.D. 1499, I, John Rosewill of Bradford in the 
diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
parish church of Bradford aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of 
Wells i2d. 

Item, to the fabric of the church of Bradford aforesaid, 
6s. &/. 

Item, to the store (stauro) of the said church, one cow. 

Item, to the vicar there, for tithes forgotten, 3^. ^d. 

Item, to each of my sons and daughters, 40^. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed I give and 
bequeath entirely to Anastasia, my wife, whom I make my sole 
executrix. 

These being witnesses : Master William Squyer, vicar there ; 
John Hawkyns ; William Rowper, with many others. 

Proved at Lambeth i6th November, 1499, and administration 
granted to the executrix named, in the person of Robert DonofT, 
" literati;' proctor, &c. 



1499. JOHN SHEPARDE. 

[39 HORNE.] 

The laste daie of the monethe of Auguste the yere of oure 
lorde God 1499, I, John Sheparde of the parisshe of Banwell in 
the diocese of Bathe and Wellis, make this my present testament 
as foloucth : 

I bequeth my body to be buried within the churche of saynt 
Andrewe in Banwell. 



381 



Also I bequeth to the lightis of the saide churche 3^. 

To the high aulter of saynte Andrew for my tithes forgoten 
or witholdenne, $s. 

Also I biquethe to the biyng of 2 newe tynicles for a sewte 
to the beste blewe chesible 2os. 

To the reparacions of the Cathedrall Church of Wellis, ^d. 

To the reparacion and amendyng of the high waie bitwixte 
stanbrige and Willyam Hawkyns hovvse beside Worle, 6s. 8^. 

Also I bequethe to Richarde Sheparde, my sonne, a pipe of 
woode [woad] and 6li. 135". ^d. ; also a maser of siluer and gilte, 
a complete bedde, a materas and a bolster, 2 blankettis, 2 pair 
of shetis and a helynge, his moders beedis and a girdelle 
harnessed with siluer or ellis 4 bulloks. 

Also I bequethe to Johanne Cade 20s., and her modres best 
girdell harnessed with silver, and a gowne of grene. 

Item, I bequeth to Alis Thier my doughter, a motly gowne 
and a brasse potte. 

I bequeth to the 4 childrenne of the said Alis Thier, and 
everich of theym syngularly, 3^. 4^. 

Also I bequeth to Alice Yowe a kirtell clothe. 

Also to Thomas Sheparde my sonne, a pipe of Woode and 
12/2. that Humfrey Holte of Bristowe oweth to me, if he canne 
Recouer hit. 

Also I bequeth to an honeste preste to syng for my sowle, 
my fader and moder, my wife's, Robert Sheparde and all 
Christen sowles within the churche of saynte Andrewe in 
Ban well, by the hole yere, 6li. 

The residue of all and singuler my goodes and catalles a 
boue not bequethid I geue and bequeth hooly to Willyam 
Sheparde my sonne, the which Willyam I make my executour. 
These beyng witnesses : sir Willyam Jonys, curate there ; 
Willyam Sheparde of Kenne, and dyvers others. 

Proved Qth October, 1499, by William Imbroke, notary 
public, proctor, &c., and administration committed to the 
executor named. 

[Written in English.] 



1499. WILLIAM STRODE, ESQ. 

[6 MOONE.] 

I4th September, 1499, I, William Strode the elder of 
Somerton in the county of Somerset, esquire, make my will in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to holy burial in the north part of the 
church of Somerton aforesaid ; and to perform and fulfil this I 
bequeath to the church aforesaid 20s. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of one tower in the church of 
Benyster [Beaminster], co. Dorset, 40^. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed, after my debts 
are paid, I give and bequeath to Alice, my wife, whom I ordain 
my executrix, and Richard Strode, my son, my overseer ; my 
confessor, William Hody, knight, William Strode, Thomas 
Strode, John Strode being then present. 

Proved the penultimate day of May, 1500, by Master John 
Reed, notary public, and administration committed to the 
executrix named. 



1499. MASTER JOHN DIER. 

[7 MOONE. FO. 49.] 

i6th September, A.D. 1499, I, Master John Dier, rector of the 
parish church of Higham in the diocese of Bath and Wells, 
make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chancel of the 
parish of Higham aforesaid. 

Item, to the mother [church] of St. Andrew of Wells, 6s. %d. 

Item, to the Abbot of the monastery of Glaston, two salt- 
cellars silver and gilt, with their covers. 

Item, to the whole convent of the said monastery, one silver 
bowl with a cover and one silver cup with its cover. 

Item, I bequeath to each son of my sons John and Richard 
four silver spoons and 13^. ^d. in money. 

Item, to Thomas Turner, 6s. 8d. 



383 



Item, to Sir William Badcok, chaplain, to pray for the health 
of my soul, 2CW., and one gown of blue (blodii) colour. 

Item, to Richard Meryman, chaplain, one gown of green 
colour, and in money 6s. 8d. 

Item, to Sir John Dier, vicar of Langsutton, one gown of 
scarlett with its hood. 

Item, I bequeath to Richard Barbor of Merston 6s. 8d. 

To Master William Eliott, clerk, one silver spoon. 

To Doctor Wilton, one silver spoon. 

Item, to Sir John Heyron the younger, one small silver 
" selare " [salt-cellar]. 

Item, to William Habbe, one ox, six dishes (discos) of 
electrum called " pewter." 

Item, to John Wattes, one ox and six dishes of electrum. 

To John Dynt, my godson, one ox and dishes of " pewter." 

To John Porter, my godson, one silver spoon. 

To John Walton, my godson, one silver spoon and one silver 
pix (pixideni). 

To John Balshe, my godson, one silver spoon. 

Item, I bequeath to Master Doctor Bokkett, canon resi- 
dentiary of Wells, one silver spoon. 

Item, to Thomas Milwarde, my great brass pot and one gown 
of blue colour. 

Item, I bequeath to each of my godsons \2d. 

To Richard Dier, son of John Dier, my brother, all my lands 
and tenements in the borough of Wyncaunton in the county of 
Somerset. 

The residue of my goods not above bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to the aforesaid John Dier, my brother, and Richard 
Dier, his son, whom I make my executors, to dispose for the 
health of my soul ; and I make John Hayron the elder and the 
said Thomas Walton overseers. 

These being witnesses : John Dier, vicar of Longsutton 
aforesaid ; William Badcok, chaplain, my curate ; Thomas 
Walton and many others. 

Proved i6th November, 1499, by Robert Donoff, proctor, &c., 
and administration committed to the executors named. 

[John Dyer, A.B., instituted rector of High Ham, June 12, 1459. Som, 
Incs., p, ioi.] 



384 



1499. ALICE MONTAGUE. 

[7 MOONE. FO. 49.] 

1 6th September, A.D. 1499, I, Alice Montague, late the wife 
of William Montague, make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chapel of St. John 
the Baptist in the parish church of Quenecammell. 

Item, I bequeath to the use of the said church one gold 
ring engraved (sculptum) with the figure of the Blessed Mary 
Magdalene ; also one girdle of red silk harnessed with silver 
and gilt. 

Item, I bequeath to the aforesaid church, to have my burial 
there, 6s. Sd. 

Item, to the use of the parish church of Marylinch 
[Moorlinch] one gold ring engraved with the figure (figura) 
of the Assumption of the B.V.M. 

To the use of the lights before the altar of the said parish 
church, 2Os. 

Item, to the cathedral church of St. Andrew of Wells, \2d. 

Item, to the use of the Friars of the order of St. Francis of 
Briggewater, to pray for my soul and the souls of my parents 
deceased, 3^. \d. 

Item, I bequeath to Sir John Towre, chaplain, to celebrate 
a trental of masses for my soul, 3^. /\.d. 

Item, to Sir William Pike, chaplain, my son, to pray for my 
soul, 2Os. and a white coverlet (superlectile) with blue flowers 
green and red, and two silver spoons, and my fourth best plate 
(patellam\ and my third best brass pot, and one pair of sheets 
of " small canvas," and one cloth with one " towell," and one 
girdle of black velvet harnessed with silver and gilt. 

Item, I bequeath to the use of the chapel of St. Anne next 
Bristoll \2d. 

Item, to John Pike the younger, son of John Pike the elder, 
my son, 6s. Sd. 

Item, " I bequeith " to Alice Pike, wife of William Pike, 
upon this condition, that she shall move and dwell with me, 
the said Alice Montague, in service during my life, one pair of 
blankets, one pair of sheets, one small coverlet with flowers blue 



fHontague. 385 



and green, and one gown purfled 1 (purfilatairi) with damask and 
my third best kerchief (flameanif of" Holand," and all my other 
kerchiefs to distribute to the poor at her pleasure. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Pike, my godson, 6s. Sd. 

To Joan Bowring, my servant, one cloak (armilausam} of 
black cloth. 

Item, to John Pike the elder, my son, 26s. 8</. 

Item, to a suitable chaplain, to pray for my soul and the 
souls of my parents deceased for one whole year, 4 marks. 

Item, to Sir Henry Morgan, my curate, 2Os. 

Item, to the use of the Friars of the order of Preachers of 
Ivelchester, 4 measures (inodios) of corn. 

Item, to Agnes, wife of Stephen Pope, one piece of woollen 
cloth of the colour of " violett." 

Item, to Joan Weuer, my servant, one small brass pot with 
the mouth broken (cum fracta ore). 

Item, I bequeath to Anthony Gilbert, my godson, \2d. 

To Elizabeth Vicary, my best gown lined with woollen cloth 
and my best kerchief {flameani) of " Laund," and my best 
kerchief called " a Nyzett." 3 

Item, I bequeath my second best gown to Christian Wylis, 
and one kerchief of " laund." 

Item, I bequeath my worst gown to Alice Bole. 

Item, to the wife of John Cornysshe, my best tunic called 
" a kirtell." 

Item, to Alice Adams, one kerchief. 

To Emmota, " a kirtell " and one " interulam " called 
" a smok " which I bought last, and one veil of cloth which I 
use daily. 

Item, I bequeath to John Pike, my younger son, one best 
veilof'Holande." 

Item, to the wife of John Pike, my younger son, my other 
best kerchief of " Holande," and two of my best pair of beads 
(precularum) and two best girdles. 

Item, I bequeath to John Jennyng, Doctor of Laws, and 
vicar of the said church of Quenecammell, 1 3 s. ^d. 

1 Purfle, a kind of border, hem, or rather trimming of gowns. (Drapers' 
Dictionary.) " 1486, for lynyng of the purfulle XXVJ.T. \\\]d. (Hen. VI I ^ i, 266.) 

2 For kerchief (flameum otfotmeofam), see Prompt. Parv., 272, note 2. 

3 A light wrapper for the neck (see Wells Wills, 145, 149, 187). 

3 D 



3 86 



TOUR 



Item, to each of my godchildren, 4^., except to my godson 
who lives at Murylynch, \2d. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath wholly to John Pike, my younger son, whom I make 
my executor, to dispose for the health of my soul as shall seem 
best for him; and I make John Jenning, Doctor of Laws, 
overseer of this my will. 

These being witnesses : Stephen Pope ; Sir William Amys, 
chaplain ; John Bowring and others. 

Proved i6th November, 1499, by Robert Donoff, proctor, 
&c., and administration committed to the executor named. 



1499. ROBERT STAWELL. 

[4 MOONE. FO. 29.] 

24th October, 1499, I, wretched (miser) Robert Stawell, 
make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the parish church of 
St. John the Baptist of Codeleston [Cothelstone], and with my 
body I bequeath to the fabric of the same church 2os. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Wells 3*. 4d. 

Item, to the light of All Souls in the church of Codeliston 
aforesaid, $s. ^d. 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of Kyngeston, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the fabric of the parish church of Bishop's Lydeyard, 
6s. Sd. 

Item, I bequeath to Robert Stawell, son of Edward Stawell, 
one bowl (crateram) with a cover, called " le Michaell," of silver. 

Item, two bowls of silver called " Flat peces." 

Item, I bequeath to the aforesaid Robert all ornaments 
belonging to my chapel, to wit, one breviary (portiforium), one 
missal, with three " sutes " of vestments. Item, one basin and 
one " ewer " of silver. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Elizabeth, my wife, Richard Puddesey, knight, 



387 



William Wadham of Caterston and William Wadeham of 
Knappe, esquires, whom I ordain my executors. 

These being witnesses : Sir John Godhym, curate there, 
John Stanlich, John Morys, Richard Seele, Robert Walshman 
and many others. 

Proved loth February in the year abovesaid by Master 
Peter Walsale, notary public, proctor, &c., and administration 
committed to the executors named. 



1499. RICHARD SIDENHAM. 

[6 MOONE. FO. 41.] 

1 3th November, 1499, I, Richard Sidenham, make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the chancel of the parish 
church of Chedsey. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the cathedral church of 
Wells 3j. ^d. 

Item, to the maintenance (sustentacioneni), of the parish 
church of Chedsey aforesaid, 2Or. 

Item, I bequeath to Christopher, my son, my best horse of 
*' le bay " colour. 

Item, to William, my son, 100 marks sterling, and to Andrew, 
my son, 100 marks sterling, and to Thomas, my son, 100 marks 
sterling, with this intent, to purchase for the said William, 
Andrew and Thomas 15 marks of yearly rent, to wit, for each 
of them 5 marks, to them and their heirs for ever ; and if it 
chance that any of them die without heir, his part shall be 
granted to the two survivors, and so with each (sic de singulis). 

Item, I bequeath to John Weneman, my servant, for his good 
service rendered to me, and hereafter to be rendered to my 
heirs and executors, 10/2. sterling. 

Item, to Matilda Ferawe, my maidservant (ancille\ 3/2. 

To Joan Kiste, my maidservant, 40^. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed I give and 
bequeath to Joan, my wife, whom I constitute my executrix, and 



3 88 



I ordain Alexander Sidenham, my brother, overseer of this 

my will. 

In witness whereof I have affixed my seal to these presents ; 
given at Chedsey on the day abovewritten, these being 
witnesses: Sir John Palmer, clerk; John Popham ; Richard 
Martyn and John Pope. 

Proved, 1499, 2Oth February, by William Potkynne, notary 
public, proctor, &c., and administration committed to the 
executrix named. 



1499. JOHN BURNARD. 

[i; MOONE.] 

9th January, A.D. 1499, I, John Burnard of Taunton, in the 
diocese of Bath and Wells, " towker," make my testament in 
this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Apostles Peter and Paul of the priory of Taunton aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the lord prior of the same place, for my 
tithes forgotten, $s. 4^. 

Item, to Master Nicholas Dissum, vicar of the church of 
St. Mary Magdalene, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the service of the holy sepulchre and of the high 
crosse (alte crucis], 6s. 8d. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Clarke 3^. 4^., and one of my 
gowns furred (penulatani). 

Item, to John Poope, los. in money and my gown furred 
{penulatam} with " le foxe." 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed, after my debts 
are paid, I give and bequeath to Isabel, my wife, whom I make 
my executrix ; and John Poope and John Eston overseers 
thereof. 

Proved I7th November, 1500, by Master Christopher 
Middelton, proctor in this behalf, and administration committed 
to the executrix named. 



att OTatev. 389 



1500. JOHN ATT WATER. 

[17 MOONE.] 

23rd June in the yere of our lord 1500, I, John att Watter 
of Welles in the countie of Somersett, make this my testament 
and last will under this maner and forme as foloweth : 

I bequeth my body to be buried at the northe ende of the 
Trynitie awter in the parisshe churche of seynt Cuthbert in 
Wellys forsaid. 

Item, I bequeth to the werkes of seynt Andrewes churche 

3* 4^ 

Item, to the werkes of seynt Cuthbertes church, 6s. 8d. And 
to every awter there, \2d. 

Item, I bequeth to Maister doctor Watter my nexte best 
gilte pece standing with a couer perteyning to the same. 

Item, to Thomas Champneyes and Johane his wife, my 
doughter, my best salt salar gilte, with a cover perteyning to 
the same ; my best diaper clothe with a twelle of the same, a 
federbede with a bolstar and a pelowe, and my best couerlet 
of Arise. 

Item, to the 4 children of the said Champneyes and my 
doughter, oon pipe of Woode [woad] that is to say to Thomas, 
Richard, Anne and Isabell, evenly to be devided bitwene them. 

Item, I bequeth to Humfrey Haruy, my best gilte pece 
standing, and to his 2 sonnes Richard and John, to eerie of them 
a quarter of woode. 

Item, to my doughter Margarete Rynen, my next best salt 
salar gilte, and to hir sone Thomas, a quarter wode. 

Item, to Alayne Wise, sone to my doughter Margaret 
Rynon, my salt salar parcell gilte with a couere perteyning to 
the same, my wodefate and my fourneyes with all such stuff as 
longith thereto, with a croke of 4 galons. 

Item, I bequeth to the forsaid Alayne my tenement lying 
at the North ende and in the Esteside of Gropelane in Welles 
forsaide wherin dwellith now Dauid Gough. 

Item, I bequeth to Humfrey Haruye and to his heires lawful 
begoten betwixt the said Humfrey and Agnes my doughter, 
late the wife of the forseid Humfrey, my 3 tenements callid 



390 Jtommtet 



luy halle, Orcharde garden and culuer house ; and for lacke of 
suche yssue to remayn to my righte heires. 

Item, I bequeth to sir Thomas Hynkeley, the Trynitie 
preest, and my gostely fader, a violett gowne with the furre 
perteyning thereto. 

Item, I bequeth to Mawdeleyn my grete panne. 

Item, to Richard att water, my next best gowne and a 
hole bede. 

Item, to Alison Loueney, my nevewe and my servant, oon 
hole side, that is to say, a materas, a bolstar, a payr of 
blankettes, a payre of shetes with a couerlett. Also a quarter 
wode and 2 bristoll clothes blewe. 

Item, I bequeth to John Bouer my third beste gowne. 

To Isabell Adde my servant, a crocke and a panne. 

To John Lenge, my grete cawderyn. 

To Edithe Stremynge, myn other servant, a crocke and 
a panne. 

To Robert Adde, my servant, a panne with my litell forneys. 

Item, I bequeth to Master John Tylar, now being maister of 
the Citie of Welles, and to his brethren Richard Burnell, 
Nicolas Trappe, John Smyth, Thomas Rowden, Aleyn Wise, 
John Mawdeley, John Hance, Robert Bouer, John Leynge, 
Richard att Watter, David John, John Bouer, and to all the 
Burgesys and brethren of the said Citie and their successours, 
my two tenements, that is to say an andvilde with all such other 
instruments as apperteynen to Smyths occupacion lying in the 
high strete of the said Citie of Welles, wheryn dwellith nowe 
Stephen Warner and Reynold Smith, with all their yssues and 
proffitts, to be disposed to the yelde [gild] of the Trynitie within 
the forseid parisshe churche of seynt Cuthbert, to be praied for 
ther in the bede rolle as other brethren be, as the usage and 
custome is of the said yelde. 

Item, I will that myn executors doo ordeyne an honeste 
preest for to synge and pray for the soules of me John Att 
Watter, Johane and Emme, late my wiffes, with our faders and 
moders and all our children soules, in the said yelde of the 
Trynitie by the space of 7 yeres incontynent next folowyng 
after my dethe. 

The residue of my goodes not bequethed I gyve and bequeth 



Militant Sfmgco. 391 



to Master doctour att Water, Thomas Champeneyes, Humfrey 
Haruy and Aleyn Wise, whom I haue ordeyned and make my 
executours, to dispose for my soule and the soules abovesaid. 

Whereto witnessith John Tylar, nowe beyng maister of the 
forsaid Cite of Welles ; Master John Blakedon ; sir Thomas 
Hynkeley ; John Leynge ; John Mawdeley ; John Bouer ; and 
many other. 

Proved i8th November, 1500, by Master Christopher 
Middelton, proctor in this behalf, and administration committed 
to Humfrey Haruy and Alan Wise, executors named, with 
power reserved, &c. 

[Written in English.] 



1500. WILLIAM JENYCO. 

[10 MOONE.] 

27th July, A.D. 1500, I, William Jenyco of Glaston, make my 
will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
parish church of St. John the Baptist of Glaston. 

Item, I bequeath to the four lights of the said church i6d. 

Item, to the causeway (calcetd) of Strete and Sowthwey 
[Sowey], %d. 

Item, I bequeath to William Brownyng two silver spoons. 

Item, to Agnes, my daughter, two girdles (zonas\ harnessed 
with silver. 

The residue of all my goods movable and immovable not 
above bequeathed, my debts being paid, I give and bequeath to 
Agnes, my wife, whom I make my executrix, to distribute for 
my soul as shall seem best to her, to wit, to please God and to 
profit the health of my soul. 

In witness whereof I have affixed my seal to these presents, 
these being witnesses : Master John Hoke, curate there ; 
Thomas Cumwyn ; Robert Hendy and others. Given at 
Glaston on the day abovesaid. 

Proved 6th October, 1500, by William Spencer, "literati," 
and administration committed to Master John Hooke, clerk ; 
and Thomas Gunwyn ; the executrix refusing the burden of 
execution. 



392 



1500. WILLIAM DAWSTONE. 

[10 MOONE.] 

4th August, A.D. 1500, I, William Dawstowe, make my will 
in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Apostles Peter and Paul of the Priory of Taunton. 

Item, I bequeath for my mortuary (mortuario), my best gown 
(togani} furred (penulatam\ with " le calabre." 1 

Item, I bequeath to the prior of the same place, for my 
tithes forgotten, my best horse. 

Item, to the convent of the same place, one best woollen 
cloth of red (rubet) colour, called " le pece." 

Item, to the high altar (summo altari) of Peter and Paul 
aforesaid, my best " Jakett" of "velwet." 

Item, I bequeath to the high altar of St. James one gown 
(togant) of " Tawney " with " le saten de Cipers." 

Item, to the service (servicio) of the Blessed Mary there, one 
green gown. 

Item, to Richard Ogafi, one "Jakett" of "Chamlet" 2 of 
black colour. 

Item, to Philip Ogan, my other horse. 

Item, to Richard Vernay, my black gown furred (penulatam} 
with " le shankes," 3 and my best doublet (duplodiuiri}. 

Item, to William Ambre, my gown which I had from Master 
Luterell, and one doublet (duplodiuiri) of " le pireld saten" 
[? pelured, furred]. 

Item, to Joan Benyn, the best girdle (zonam) of my first wife. 

Item, to David Gunter, one gown furred (penulatam) with 
white. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed, my debts being- 
paid, I give and bequeath to Joan, my wife, whom I make my 
executrix, to dispose for the health of my soul as shall seem 
best to her ; and [I make] Philip Ogan overseer hereof. 

1 Squirrel's fur imported from Calabria. (Fairholt. ) 

2 A mixed stuff of wool and silk. (Fairholt.} 

3 Shanks, a common kind of fur used to trim ordinary gowns and obtained from 
the skin of the leg of a kid or sheep. (Fairholt's Costume in England.} 



393 



Proved 3Oth November, 1 500, by the oath of William Swayne, 
proctor, &c., and administration committed to the executrix 
named in the person of the said proctor, &c. 



1500. THOMAS KEY. 

[JO MOONE.] 

6th August, 1500, I, Thomas Key, make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the 
Blessed Apostles Peter and Paul of Southpederton. 

Item, I bequeath to the fabric of the Cathedral church of 
Wells 6d. 

Item, to the aforesaid church of Southpederton two copes of 
red silk, price 4/2'. 

Item, I bequeath to the fraternity of the same church of 
Southpederton 3^. ^d. 

Item, to Richard, vicar of the same, 20s. 

To Thomas Cogan and Agnes, his wife, 20s., and to each of 
their children, 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to Thomas Westcote and Florence, his 
wife, 2Os., and to each of their children, ^d. 

Item, to each child of John Key, ^d. 

To each child of William Key, ^d. 

Item, to Petronilla, my sister, one tunic called a " kirdill " of 
violet, and ^d. in money. 

Item, I bequeath to Walter Shelyngford and Joan, his wife, 
8^., and to each of their children, ^d. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to Joan Key, my wife, whom I make my executrix, 
to dispose for the health of my soul and all the souls of the 
faithful deceased. And if the said Joan chance to die before I 
depart this life, I ordain John Key and William Key my 
executors. 

In witness whereof to these presents I have affixed my seal, 
these being witnesses : John Byett, gentleman ; William Rollar ; 
Walter Shillyngford ; and others. 

3 E 



394 



Proved 4th October, 1500, by John Spencer, " literati? proctor 
iii this behalf, and administration committed to the executors 
named. 



1500. JOHN DYAR. 

[10 MOONE.] 

2Oth August the yere of our lorde God 1 500, I, John Dyar 
of Taunton, merchant, make my will under this maner folowing : 

I bequeth my body to the holy church and resting place of 
the priore in Taunton ther as God wold and hath ordeyned 
for me. 

Item, I bequeth unto my lord prior and parson for my 
tithes forgoten, 2Os. 

Item, to Master Nicholas Dissum, vicar of Mawdelyn, to 
pray for me, 6s. 8d. 

Item, I ordeyn that every preest coming to my dirige and 
masse the day of myn obitt \2d. 

Item, to the 2 clerkes of Mawdelyn church everych of 
them \2d. 

Unto Seint Andre wes churche of Welles, 2od. 

Item, unto the service of the holy sepulture and the hicrosse 
in the churche of Mawdelyn, 13^. ^d. 

I ordeyne that myn executrice shall fynd or doo to be 
found 3 torches of wex to thonor of almighty God yerely by the 
space of 20 yeres in the said churche of Mawdelyn, ther to be 
kept for the high aulter every holyday and yerely to be made 
new ayenst the resurreccion of our lorde. 

Item, that my executors find in the said church by the space 
of 7 yeres an honest preest to syng for me, my wif and children, 
takyng for his pension yerely 10 marcs, and his ornamentes 
founden to hym, and after the said yeres doon to retorne to my 
chapell the ornamentes. 

Item, I bequeth unto the house of seint Austens in 
Walsyngham 40^. 

I will and ordeyne that Johane my wif have my millys of 
Bathepole, and after her decesse to retorne unto Margaret my 
doughter and her assignes. 



&t'tfjart( f^arrwjl. 395 



Item, I will that John Adam have my tenemente next unto 
my house after my decesse. 

Item, that my doughter Isabell Adams doughter have my 
tenemente in Estrege, and that my doughter Margaret have my 
other tenemente in Estrige. 

Item, I bequeth unto old Hawkyns in Estrige a gowne and 
$s. 4</. in money. 

The residue of all my goodes not bequethen I gyve and 
biquethe unto Johanne my wif, whom I ordeyne my very true 
and sole executrice, and overseers of the same John Adam and 
his wiff. 

Proved 4th October, 1500, by John Spencer, "literati" 
proctor in this behalf, and administration committed to the 
executrix named. 

[Written in English.] 



1500. RICHARD HARRYS. 

[10 MOONE.] 

20th August, A.D. 1 500, I, Richard Harrys of Glaston in the 
diocese of Bath and Wells, make my will in this manner : 

J bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of 
St. Mary of Glaston. 

Item, I bequeath to the four lights of the church of St. John 
of Glaston, 4^-. 

Item, to the fabric of the same church, 26s. $>d. 

Item, to Christian Pirry, my sister, 2Os. 

The residue of all my goods not bequeathed, after my debts 
are fully paid, I give and bequeath to William Harrys, my son, 
to dispose for the health of my soul as shall seem to him most 
convenient, and I make him my executor, and Thomas 
Gunwyn overseer of the execution of this my will, to whom I 
bequeath 6s. 8d. 

These being witnesses : Master John Hoke, curate, John 
Chepman, and Robert Mors and many others. 

Proved 3rd October, 1500, by John Spencer, " literati" 
proctor in this behalf, and administration committed to the 
executor named. 



39 6 



1500. JOHN HYMERPORD. 

[12 MOONE.] 

1 2th November, A.D. 1500, I, John Hymerford of Estcoker, 
make my will in this manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the church of the parish 
aforesaid. 

Item, I bequeath to the Cathedral Church of Wells $s. 4^. 

To the parish church of Estcoker, 6s. Sd. 

Item, to the chapel of the Blessed Mary there, 3*. $d. 

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed I give 
and bequeath to Joan, my wife, whom I ordain my executrix. 

These being witnesses : Sir William Andrew, rector of 
Wescoker, Sir Cornelius Breacyn, and others. 

Proved I4th February, 1500, by Master Christopher 
Middilton, proctor in this behalf, and administration committed 
to the executrix named. 



1500. JOHN VYNYNG alias DYER. 
[12 MOONE.] 

26th January, A.D. 1500, I, John Vynyng otherwise Dyer of 
the parish of Vyncalton [Wincanton], make my will in this 
manner : 

I bequeath my body to be buried in the churchyard of the 
church of the Blessed Peter and Paul of Wyncalton. 

Item, I bequeath to the mother church of Wells 6s. 8d. 

Item, to Alexander, my son, all my tenement in which I now 
dwell with the courtyard (curtilagid) adjacent in the town of 
Vyncalton, situated between the tenement of John Peytwyn on 
the east, and the tenement or horse mill or ground (fundum) 
called " Vedelers hey " on the west, to hold to him and his heirs ; 
and if he die without issue the said tenement shall always 
remain to the next of blood (ad proximum de sanguine) 
aforesaid, and shall in no wise be delivered to sale nor alienated 
from the blood aforesaid, to wit, from the blood of" lee Vynyng." 



'Fjmjmg alias 2ii>er. 397 



Item, I bequeath to Alexander, my son, a messuage in the 
borough of Wyncalton called " lee yerne house," situated between 
the burgage of Knoyle, gentilman, on the east, and the tenement 
of Edward Hobbys on the west. 

Item, to the Prior of Stauerdale, 1 $s. 4^. 

Item, I bequeath to each child (puero) of John Barber 6od. 

To each child of Richard Barbar, 6od 

Item, to Thomas Turner, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to each child of Thomas Turner, 6od. 

Item, to Richard Barbar, 6s. 8d. 

To each son of my brother, los. 

Item, to Richard, my son, 40/2'. 

To John, son of the same Richard, 20/2'. and one silver cup 
and a " peesse." 

Item, I bequeath to John Roose my best gown. 

To John Hobbys the elder, one gown. 

Item, to Margaret, my goddaughter, one brass pot. 

Item, I bequeath to " the Almeshouse of Shirburn " 20s. 

To the church of St. Laurence of Wermester, 2Os. 

To the church of " Marie Magdalene in the Castell town of 
Shurburn," 2os. 

Item, to John Manston, 6s. 8d. 

Item, to the son of John Manston, 6od. 

To the daughter of the said John, 6od. 

To John Dodyngton, \2d. 

Item, to each of my godchildren, \2d. 

Item, I bequeath " to the shegyng [seating] of the churche 
of Wyncalton," 10/2. 

Item, "to every parisshe churche of the denry of Gary," los. 

Item, " to the churche stokke of Vyncalton," 3/2. 

Item, " to the edifying of the North Yle of the same 
churche," 6os. 

Item, I bequeath to Master John Fyiamys [Fitzjames], 2Os. 

Item, "to the edifying of our lady chapell of Bruton," 
10 marks. 

To Alice Garett, los. 

Item, I make John Dyer, vicar of Longsutton, and 
Alexander, my son, my executors, to whom I bequeath the 
residue of all my goods not bequeathed that they may dispose for 



the good of my soul ; and I make John Fyiamys the elder and 
John Barbar overseers ; to each of whom I give 40^. 

These being witnesses : Sir John Aynell, my curate ; John 
Abraham and William Webbe, and many others. 

Proved I4th February, 1500, by William Swayn, " literati'' 
proctor in this behalf, and administration committed to the 
executors named. 



Circa 1500. THOMAS ABERPELD. 

I, Thomas Aberfeld, give my body to be buried in the 
chirche of our lady of Chyddysy. I to haue a preest to synge 
2 yeres for me and my wyff, my fader, my moder, and all my 
children ; and the preest to haue for ... re seruice 
ii/z. I or., he to fynd his owne house and brede and wex and 
wyne ; yf it be to littell amende hit. . . . To the chirche, iCtf. 
to be praied for in the pulpit euery Sounday as oder ben. I 
geve to seynt Mary seruice to b . . . ed for more, icxy. I 
geve to the torchys, 2od. I geve to euery that berith me that 
day, 6d. ; and to euery prest that syngeth a masse that day, 6d. 
And to euery clerk that can syng, 2d. ; all oder clerkes, id. 
And to euery godchilde, ^.d. I geve 10/z. to bye a senser shyp 
and all. I woll haue 60/2. bestowed after my mynde. I woll 
haue a hole sewte of white in the best biyng 30/2'., the Residue to 
bye a blak cope and 2 tunykells of blak where is 2 Chesepills in 
the chirche bye (sic) for the cope and 2 Chesepills hole be a 
hole sewyte. John I charge upon my blessyng that this be 
done w'oute any delay. Wrytte by thy fader hand. 

[The above is a filed will. It is written in English.] 



( 399 ) 



APPENDIX I. 



[Of the three wills following, the first two were accidentally 
omitted in their proper place, while the third, of which an 
abstract is given on p. 68, is here given in full on account of its 
extreme interest, being written entirely in English.] 



1408. ROGER GLOVER. 

[18 MARCHE.] 

1408, February 4th. I, Roger Glover, bequeath my body 
to holy burial in the churchyard of the Blessed Mary de Stall in 
Bath : to A vice my wife 20 and 5 of my debts in the hands 
of Master John Bathe: and 15 of my debts in real value of 
other goods necessary to her : to my son Master John Bathe 
10 of my debts for which he himself has laboured : 20 for the 
service of my burial and my obsequies : to Robert Carter 2Os. : to 
Thomasia his wife 2Os. and one brass pot containing six gallons 
and one " patellcwi " containing eight gallons and my best 
ornamented maser (murrain faleratam 1 ) : to William son of 
the same Robert 20^. : to Thomas Arwsmyth i6s. Sd. : to the 
daughter of the same, my goddaughter, $s. ^d. : to Sir William 
Savage chaplain eight marks to pray for my soul. 

I bequeath 8 marks to John Arwsmyth to celebrate for my 
soul, when he shall be a priest, and if he shall not be a priest I 
will that another shall have the said money for the same office. 
Also one ornamented (faleratam} maser if he shall be a priest, 
but if not, I will that his father shall have it. 

I bequeath 16 marks to two priests to celebrate for my soul 
in the city of Bath as shall seem good to my executors. 

To the bells of the church of St. Michael without the gates 
two marks : 100 [shillings 2 ] of my debts to the poor to each of 

1 Phalerare, phaleris ornare ; orner, surcharger cCornements, (Ducange. ) 

2 The word shillings is omitted in the MS. ; it seems the most likely word to 
supply. 



400 



them ^d. : 3 to be distributed in alms to the poor, so that each 
one shall receive id. only. 

I bequeath five torches (tortif) for my obsequies and 
afterwards I will that they be distributed to five churches. 

I will that sixteen wax candles (cerei) each weighing lib. be 
procured for the said obsequies. 

I bequeath to the monks of the Priory for their labour and 
for ringing of the bell and saying offices 20s. : to Sir William 
Savage 2s. 6d. for one trental. 

20s. "pro veste lima ad mensas " and after my burial it is to 
be given to the poor. 

To Isabel, wife of William Hosyer, 6s. %d. 

Residue to Avice my wife and Master John Bathe, whom I 
make my executors. Robert Carter to be supervisor. 

Proved last day of April, 1409. 



1409. WALTER WYNCAULTON. 

[19 MARCHE.] 

26th October, 1409. I, Walter Wyncaulton, canon of the 
cathedral church of Wells, bequeath my body to holy burial : to 
the parish church of Congesbury one large breviary " notatum " 
the best that I have. 

To the priests, " anuwellariis" of the new place of the college 
of Wells 2os. with one goblet " de Maser " banded with silver 
and gilt, the best which I have, there to remain for the use of the 
said priests and their successors as long as it shall last, to pray 
for the soul of Alice Strode and for my soul. 

Residue to Nicholas Barwe, Sir John Marchel, vicar in the 
church of Wells, and John Bernard, rector of Claverton. 

Proved ist December, 1409. 

[Testator held the prebend of Warminster, 1383-1408 ; see S.A.S. Proc., 
xlvii, ii, 202.] 



f. 



401 



1415. THOMAS BROKE. 

[40 MARCHE. FO. 316.] 

In the name of the lorde of all Lordis the allrnyghty 
ymmortel Trinite I wrichyd synner Thomas Broke, in gode 
mynde and out of sekenesse make my testament, gyf it be the 
will of God, in this maner, praying him of his hye yndelesse 
mercy, fouchesafe to receyve my wreched unclene soule into his 
mercy and kepe hyt from dampnacion, for the meke passyon 
and deth that his debounte sonne oure lord Jeshu Crist soffred 
on the crosse for cherite and pety of mankynd. And my wyll 
is that my body be beryed in the churchehey of the parysch 
churche of Thornecombe as men goth over into ye churche at 
ye south syde ryghte as they mowe stappe on me and a flat 
playne stone save my name ygraved yarin that men mowe the 
rather have mynde on me and pray for me And nether wheche, 1 
ne leede to be layde in, bote a grete clothe to hely my foule 
caryin, and of torches bote iij and iij taprys. 

Ande no fest nother terment yhold bote iij masses atte my 
buryyng save CCC poure men schullen have mete and drynke 
ynowe and every man and woman of ham \i]d. and every child 
of CCC childerne ]d. yf there be so many childerne and xiij 
poure men clothed in Russett ylyned witt white and every of 
ham to have viijV. And I bequethe to my poure tenauntes of 
holdych, h'tham, Cherd, Cotteleygh, and Wycrofte that haveth 
ygeve to me capons and bederpes and plouwys thoughe they be 
noughte my tenauntes I will that myn executours do hergre by 
god discrecion atte ye value of xx/z. amonge hame and if any 
other man or woman be that cane pleyn hym that ich have 
oppressed hym or do wrange to him, other yete with my bestys 
his corne or his grase and noughte amendyd hit to hym to 
amende such trespasses I bequethe x/z. and I bequethe to all my 
pourest tenauntes where that they be excepte ham that I have 
ynemmed in this bok to-for C/z. in mony and I bequethe to 
poure men blynd and lame C/z. and to sum trew man by good 

1 I.e., hiitch^ coffin. In wills at Wells (date circa 1545), the word whiche is 
frequently used in the sense of " chest." 

3 F 



402 



discrecyon to departy the mony forsayd and namelych iff 
ych have do wrong to eny of my tenauntes or mys tak his 
goodes I will that it be restored to ham whether it be man or 
woman be avysement of myn executours as they will aunswer 
to-for god at ye dome and ye resyduwe of all my goodys and 
catell in this my testament noughte bequeathed ych geve 
holelych and bequethe to Johane my wyfe reservyng always to 
me voile power to chaunge this testament or to make hit more 
or to amenusy [diminish] hit or to undo hit all, as olTte as me 
lusteth or whenne yt me lyketh duryng my lyfe and to do good 
and trewe execucion of this my testament ych ordeyne and 
mak myn executours Johane my wyie, William Beerdon, Sir 
John Dey, parsone of Bageworthe, Raufe Percevale, Sir Edward 
Osborne, vicary of Thornecombe. 

This testament is my voile and hole wille ys day of ye date 
of this my testament the date in my manoure of holdech on 
Setrysday in ye vygyle of ye holy Trynyte the yere of grace and 
of ye incarnacyon of oure lorde Jhesu Criste, M CCCC XV. 
Thys twey lynes I wrete almeste with my owne honde. 

Proved February 5th, 1417-8. 

[This will is printed in Fifty Earliest English Wills (E.E.T.S.), but the 
above transcript has been made afresh from Somerset House and is more 
accurate in one or two points, e.g., debounte for debonure ; departy for do 
parly ; W. Beerdon for W. Brerdonl\ 



( 403 ) 



APPENDIX II. 



[The two following wills were accidentally omitted in their 
proper place : it is hoped that now all wills of Somerset testators 
are included in this volume from 1383 to 1500.] 



1423. ROBERT HYLLE. 

[l LUFFENAM.] 

I, Robert Hylle of Spaxton, make this my will in the 
Octave of Easter, 1423, my body to holy burial in the church 
of St. John of Bokelonde before and under the high altar near 
the middle of it near the place where my wife was buried. 

I bequeath to the prioress and convent there, 20 in money 
to provide a certain jewel (locale) for the body of Christ to be 
placed in, and to the prioress there 2Os., and to the other sisters 
there 8 marks to be divided among them to pray for my soul 
and for the soul of Isabelle my wife and for the souls of my 
parents and benefactors, praying them to insert our names 
Robert and Isabelle in their martiloge and every year on the 
days of our deaths and of our anniversaries our names shall be 
read for ever in chapter there : and to each of the four brothers 
there los. 

Item, to the prior and brethren of St. John of Exeter loos. 
to pray for the same souls. 

To each priest present at the time of my death 1 7^., to each 
poor person 6d. 

I will that 1,000 masses shall be celebrated for my soul 
within 3 or 4 days after my death. 

To the brethren of the hospital of St. John of Bryggwater 
4 to pray for the same souls. 

To the friars minors of Bryggwater, 



1 Mortis, but burial is evidently meant. 



404 



To the friars preachers of Yevelchester, 40*. 

To the prioress and convent of Kanyngton, 40^. 

To the abbess and convent of Canonlegh, 2os. 

I will that three " sufficientes " priests say a great trental of 
St. Gregory for one year for all those to whom I have done 
wrong during my life ; and to each of them I bequeath two 
marks. 

Item to 72 1 poor persons, impotent, lying in beds, to each 
12 yards of russet or plankett [plunkett] cloth at the discretion 
of my executors, and to each of them ^d. 

Item, I bequeath to John my son and heir my blessing and 
one goblet of Berell with its cover of silver gilt and one ewer of 
Berell with its cover, item one black horse, one grey horse, one 
white ameler entire horse, and also the apparel for the oratory 
of white silk, one mis sale, one antiphonale^ two legends, one 
bible (bibliothec'} one psalter, one book de Dirige, two apparels 
for the hall with that of the parlour, one bed with all its apparel 
of black colour, one red bed for the second chamber, also the 
whole apparel in the principal chamber at the end of the hall, 
and the second chamber there, William has in keeping by 
indenture ; also to the same John two brass pots, two best pans, 
two " desemy vasorwn de peutre garneshit " and two spits. 

I bequeath to Elizabeth my daughter God's blessing and 
mine and cc marks which remain at Bokeland in a certain chest 
for safe keeping against her marriage. 

I bequeath to Lady de Haryngton, my sister, one girdle 
studded (stipatam) with pure gold. 

I bequeath to Lady Joan Malett^ my sister, one pair of 
beads of corell with gauds (gaudiis) of silver gilt. 

I bequeath to Lady Alianore Hull, one gold ring with one 
dyamand. 

Item to John, my brother, one silver goblet with its cover. 

Item to Ralph, my brother, the goblet with gilt cover. 

To Sir Gregory capell [chaplain], 2Os. 

To Sir William, 2os. 

To Sir Richard Champernon, 2os. 

To John ffitzhide, 2Os. 

To John Brekebeke, 2Os. 

1 Probably this was the age of the testator. 



JHf. 405 



To each of five clerks, ios. 

To John Everard, ios. 

To John Tygtesbury, ios. 

To John Mychell, ios. 

To Walter Potham, ios. 

To Stephen Russell, ios. 

To the church of Spaxton one antiphonale, one gradate, one 
manuale, one processionale^ one librum de dirige. 

I make my executors Sir Hugh Lutterel, knight, to whom 
I leave 4 and one ewer of silver gilt. 

Sir Thomas Stawell, knight, to whom 4 and one " broch." 

John Warre to whom 4 and one ring of gold. 

Hugh Gary to whom 3 and one silver goblet with its cover. 

John Southwode, clerk, to whom 3 and one silver goblet 
with its cover. 

John Cogan, to whom I leave a bull and a cow and 4 marks. 

Residue, to my executors to dispose for the good of my 
soul and the souls of my wife, parents and benefactors. 

Proved before Master John Wodelond, official of the 
Archdeacon of Taunton, commissary of Master John Estcourt, 
7th of May in the year above written. 

[The writing in the beginning of this will down to iocale, is very faint 
and much rubbed : I hereby express my sincere thanks to Mr. Hudson, 
Assistant Superintendent of the Literary Department, for his valuable help 
in deciphering it.] 



1454. RICHARD PLUMLEYE. 

[10 ROUS.] 

loth May, 1454, I, Richard Plumleye, of Estharptre make 
my will, &c., my body to be buried in the south side of the 
cemetery of the church of Estharptre. 

To the Church of St. Andrew of Wells, 2od. 

To the three lights of the Church of Estharptre, i$d. 

To each godson (confiliolo] of mine, 4^. 

To the Church of Estharptre two torches price \2s. 

To the Vicar of the Church of Estharptre to specially pray 
for me 6s. 8d. 



406 



I bequeath for masses to be celebrated on the day of my 
burial, Ss. 4d. 

To Nicholas Hampton my godson (confiliolo\ 2Od. 

To the Vicar of Chewton, 6s. Sd. 

To the three children of my sons, viz,, Thomas, Alice, and 
John, to each of them, 2od. 

To the Church of Westharptre, 3^. 4^. 

To the Church of Chewton, 2od. 

Residue, to Alice my wife. 

Executors : Alice, and John Plumleye and Thomas Plumleye 
my sons. 

Proved 17 May, 1454. 



( 40? 



INDEX OF TESTATORS. 



Aberfeld, Thomas, Chedzoy, 398. 

Abre (als. Pewterer), VY illiam, Glaston- 

bury, 354. 

Adam, Richard, Taunton, 356. 
Adice, William (clerk), Charlton Macke- 

rell, 358. 

Aleyne, Thomas, Banwell, 338. 
Aliston, Thomas (canon), Wells, i. 
Allere, Sir Robert (clerk), Long Ashton, 

104. 

Andrew, John, Taunton, 46. 
Ap Howell, Richard, Glastonbury, 367. 
Arundell, Sir Thomas (knight), Cornwall, 

&c., 256. 

Asshecombe, Thomas, Bradford, 209. 
Atte Hyde, John (clerk), North Pether- 

ton, 9. 

Atte Watere, John, Wells, 389. 
At Well, Joan, Glastonbury, 255. 
Att-Welle, Richard, Glastont.ury, 227. 
Aung< r, Thomas, Aungeislegh, 76. 
Austell, John (canon), Wells, 370. 
Aysshe, Joan, Yeovil, 167. 

Baker, Walter, Wells, 237. 
Balsham, Alice, Ilchester, 173. 

William, Ilchester, 155. 

Bartelot, William, Publow, 104. 
Basing, Edward, Clifford, 287. 
Baw, Sir William (clerk), Greinton, 19. 
Beausant, John, Northcurry, 35. 
Bedford, jasper, Duke of, Keynsham, 

3 2 7. 

Bedill, John, Portbury, 172. 
Bekynton, Thomas de (bishop), Weirs, 

202. 

Beny, William, Clevedon, 101. 
Berughulle, Robert, Chew, 58. 
Beste, John, Taunton, 279. 
Bishop, Henry, Taunton, 313. 

John, Taunton, 3781-^ 
Bole, Henry, North Cadbury, 319. 



Bougent, John, Glastonbury, 258. 
Bount, John, Tickenham, n. 
Bradewell, Adam (clerk), W 7 rithlington, 

24. 

Brayles, Simon (clerk), Chedzoy, 217. 
Bricz, Richard, Somerset, 3. 
Broke, John, Pylle, 335. 

Thomas, Thorncombe, 68, 401. 
Brokworth, Margery, Bath, 32. 
Browne, John, Wulwade, 163. 

- Thomas, Yatton, 295. 

Browyn, John (clerk), Hardington, 169. 
Bruton, Richard (canon), Wells, 87. 
Brygon, John, Exeter, 128. 
Burnard, John, Taunton, 388. 
Burnell, Henry (esquire), Poyntington, 

290. 
Burton, Richard, Taunton, 280. 

Cable, John, Frome, 33. 
Caldbek, John (clerk), Wellington, 360. 
Cammell, John (clerk), Ditcheat, 175. 
Glastonbury, 270. 

Sybil, Glastonbury, 372. 

Canon, Ralph (canon), Wells, 107. 
Carent, Nicholas (dean), Wells, 211. 

William, Montacute, 22. 
Carter, John, Laverton, 340. 

Robert, Bath, 45. 

Chew, 295. 

Case, William, Norton-sub- Hamdon, 317. 
Champion, Thomas, Shepton Malet, 324. 
Chaunceler, John, Keynsham, 282. 

- Thomas, Bath, 341. 

Chedder, Thomas (esquire), Cheddar, 

IS 1 - 

Chelsey, John (canon), Wells, 5. 

Cherne, John, Bath, 73. 

Childe, William (clerk), West Lydford, 

235- 

Chinnore, Thomas, London, 149. 
Chippeleigh, Robert, Milverton, 20, 



4 o8 



Chocke, Elizabeth, Stanton-Drew, 305. 

Margaret, Long Ashton, 244. 

John (esquire), Stanton-Drew, 273. 

Sir Richard (knight), Long Ashton, 

238. 

- Thomas, Stanton-Drew, 267. 
Clerke, Richard, Pensford, 73. 
Cloppe, John, Chard, 285. 
Clyve, William, Bristol, 125. 
Cogan, John, Wells, 55. 

Coke, John (canon), Wells, 137. 
Cole, Robert, Bishop's Hull, 163. 
Compton, John, Beckington, 284. 
Congesbury (als. Felawe), \Villiam (clerk), 

Portishead, 46. 

Coper, John, Beckington, 366. 
Courtenay, Margaret de, Bath, 50. 
Craas, Matthew, Fronie, n. 

- Walter, Frome, 127. 

Credy, John (esquire), Somerset, 115. 
Crosley, Thomas, Frome, 377. 
Curteys, Edward, Wells, 64. 

Damesele. Ralph, Wrington, n. 

Daubeney, Sir Giles (knight), Somer- 
set, 4. 

Davy, John, Bridgwater, 194. 

Dawstowe, William, Taunton, 392. 

Daysshell, John, Keynsham, 314. 

Dekyn, Richard, Bruton, 221. 

Devill, John, North Petherton, 327. 

Dolyng, Walter, Taunton, 298. 

Dorchestre, William (clerk), Batheal- 
ton, 60. 

Draycote, John (clerk), Compton 
Pauncefote, 121. 

Drayton, Richard (canon), Wells, 67. 

Dunkerton, Henry, Frome, 102. 

Dyer, John (clerk), High Ham, 382. 
- Taunton, 394. 

(als. Vynyng), John, Wincanton, 

396. 

Ede, Eleanor, Bruton, 348. 
Erghum, Ralph (precentor), Wells, 40. 
Eston, Walter, Taunton, 264. 
Excestre, William (canon), Wells, 75. 

Felawe (als. Congesbury), William (clerk), 

Portishead, 46. 
Fero r (als. Thorny), Richard, Wells, 10. 



Fitchett, Walter, Haslebury, 283. 
Fluett, Richard, Bath, 354. 
Forest, John (dean), Wells, 1 52. 
Forster, Stephen, Stanton-Drew, 181. 
Franckeleyn, Thomas, Wells, 160. 

Gaskyn, Edith, Wells, 178. 

Gawter, Richard (clerk), Stoke Giffard, 

231. 

Gilbert, John, East Camel, 168. 
Gilberte, John, Whitcombe, 376. 
Glover, Roger, Bath, 399. 
Goolding, Roger, Bath, 169. 
Gregory, Amice, Bruton, 171. 

John, Bruton, 131. 
Grene, Agnes, Muchelney, 108. 

John (canon), Wells, 39. 

Richard, North Cadbury, 349. 

William, Muchelney, 122. 

Grevylle, E iward, Charlynch, 140. 
Grey, Robert, Baldock (Herts), 113. 
Groos, Richard, Wells, 25. 
Gunthorpe, John (dean), Wells, 361. 

Hakeluyt, Sir Leonard (knight), Bridg- 
water, 61. 

Margaret, Bridgwater, 66. 

Halle, Thomas, Freshford, 174.. 

Halsanger, Sir John (clerk), Bradford, 
130. 

Hamlyn, Adam, Bridgwater, 310. 

Harris, Richard, Glastonbury, 395. 

Haryngton, Sir John de (knight), 
Aldyngham, 82. 

Hawker, Richard, Ilminster, 345, 

Hayne, John, Bruham, 311. 

(clerk), Crokehom, 283. 

Haynes (als. Stanborough), William, 
Bath, 320. 

Hertylpole, John (clerk), Mells, 135. 

Hickes, John, Yatton, 359. 

Hill, Robert, Spaxton, 403. 

Hille, John, Bridgwater, 233. 
- Thomasine, Bridgwater, 246. 

Hochyn, John, Wells, 237. 

Hoggekyns, William, Bath, 166. 

Holes, An-lrew (archdeacon), Wells, 
213. 

Hoper, Abraham (clerk), Kewstoke, 

193- 
Hore, Thomas, Wells, 22, 



of Cestators. 



409 



Horewod, John, Wells, 74. 

Howell, Richard ap, Glastonbury, 367. 

Howneslowe, John, Bath, 304. 

Hugyn, John (esquire), Whitestanton, 303. 

Hungerforcl, Robert, Lord, Somerset, 

1 86. 

Hunteley, John, Bleadon, 329. 
Hyde, John atte (clerk), North Pether- 

ton, 9. 

Hymerford, John, East Coker, 396. 
Hywode, Thomas, Wells, 230. 
Hy worth, William (clerk), Blagdon, 98. 

Jenes, John, Milborne Port, 336. 
Jenyco, William, Glastonbury, 391.- ' 

Kayleway, William, Yeovil, 218. 
Kayll, Richard, Winsford, 109. 
Kemp, Nicholas (clerk), Mark, 114. 
Ken, John, Ken, 15. 
Kene, William (esquire), Stoke near Mar- 

tock, 208. 

Key, Thomas, South Petherton, 393. 
Knoyel, Robert, Sandford Orcas, 49. 

Thomas, Sandford Orcas, 72. 
Kyngesman, Thomas, Yeovil, 164. 

Lacy, Simon, Leigh on Mendip, 234. 
Lambroke, John, Milverton, 103. 
Lane, Stephen, Glastonbury, 326. 
Langport, Richard (archdeacon of Taun- 

ton), Langport, 286. 
Larder, Thomas, Martock, 249. 
Lasty, John (canon), Wells, 301. 
Leversegge, Edmund, Frome, 69. 
-Love, Philip, Taunton, 352. 
Luffenam, John (clerk), Curry-Rivel, 

1 08. 

Lydford, John, Wincanton, 156. 
Lyndenyssche, John, Wodelond Abbatis, 

56. 
Lyte, Agnes, Litescary, 124. 

Maiewe, Joan, Croscombe, 346. 
Mainell, William, Sawmford, 39. 
Mansion, Ralph, Yeovil, 159. 
Manyngford, John, Somerset, 19. 
Mark, John, Shepton Malet, 317. 
Mayhoo, Thomas, Chew, 325. 
Mershe, Thomas, Horsington, 262. 



Meryfeld, John, Downhead, 232. 
Moleyns, Margery, Bruton, 312. 

Nicholas, Montacute, 135. 

Montague, Alice, Queen Camel, 384. 
More, Thomas, Cheddar, 304. 
Mucheldever, John, Dray ton, 62. 
Mudeford, Joan, Glastonbury, 250. 

Nede, John, Beckington, 103. 
Neth, Nicholas, Bridgwater, 43. 
Newton, Isabel, Yatton, 374. 

Sir John (knight), Axbridge, 272. 

Thomas, Yatton, 337. 

Nicholas (als. Russell), Henry, Frome, 

no. 

Noble, William, Baltonsborough, 63. 
Northmore, John, Taunton, 70. 
Nycke, William (archdeacon), Wells, 315. 

Osbarn, John (clerk), Ashill, 116. 
Overey, Thomas (precentor), Wells, 307. 

Passeware, John (clerk), Limington, 38. 
Paunssefote, Sir Walter (knight), Comp- 

ton Pauncefote, 253. 
Pavely, Richard, Frome, 134. 
Pavy, Hugh (Bishop of St. Davids), 

Long Ashton, 330. 
Payne, John (esquire), Hutton, 334. 

- Walter, Mells, 333. 
Person, John, Marston Bigot, 101. 
Plumleye, Richard, East Harptree, 405. 
Plusshe, Thomas (clerk), Beckington, in. 
Pope, John (canon), Wells, 229. 
Poulet, Sir John (knight), Nunney, 142. 

John, Nunney, 220. 

William, North Petherton, 139. 

Puxwell, Humphry, Christon, 339. 
Pyke, Isabella, Moorlinch, 44. 
Pym, John (clerk), Long Sutton, 357. 

Raleghe, Simon, Nettlecombe, 146. 
Ricard, John (clerk), West Lydford, 162. 
Roche, John, Taunton, 318. 
Rodeney, John (esquire), Backwell, 83. 
Rose will, John, Bradford, 380. 
Russell (als. Nicholas), Henry, Frome, 
no. 

William, Tickenham, 350. 

Rymour, Alice, Bath, 31. 

Thomas, Bath, 30. 

3 G 



4io 



St. Davids, H. Pavy, Bishop of, Long 

Ashton, 330. 
Saint John. Alice, East Luccombe, 278. 

Edward, Luccombe, 177- 

Saint Lo, Sir John (knight), Chew, 

373- 

Salisbury, John, Beckington, 351. 
Sampson, John, Beckington, 252. 
Sargar, John, Taunton, 289. 
Saundre, Robert (clerk), Marston Bigot, 

293- 

Selwoode, Nicholas, Chard, 316. 

Seymour \ Sir Edmund (knight), Chel- 

St. Maur / vey, 105. 

John (esquire), Beckington, 259. 

Shelforde, Thomas (canon), Wells, 117. 

Sheparde, John, Banwell, 380. 

Shillingford, John de (canon), Wells, 3. 

Shirford, John (canon), Wells, 85. 

Skynner, Simon, Chew, 83. 

Smert, John, Lydeard Episcopi, 107. 

Sopere, Thomas, Northcurry, 41. 

Sparhawke, John (clerk), Bath, 213. 

(canon), Wells, 222. 

Sparkes, John (clerk), Horsington, 112. 

Sperwe, John, Yeovil, 84. 

Stafford, Sir Humphry (knight), Somer- 
set, 196. 

Stanborough (als. Haynes), William, 
Bath, 320. 

Starke, Lucy, Frome, 99. 

William, Frome, 79. 

Stawell, Robert, Cothelstone, 386. 

Stenyng, William, Selworthy, 294. 

Steur, Nicholas (clerk), Sparkford, 100. 

Stevenes, William (precentor), Wells, 

!S7. 

Stone, John (clerk), Tintinhull, 76. 
Stourton, John, Preston Plucknett, 143. 

- William, Witham, 41. 
Strode, William (esquire), Somerton, 

382. 
Sturgeon, Nicholas (clerk), Henstridge, 

165. 

Sugar, Hugh (treasurer), Wells, 275. 
Swan. Richard (canon), Wells, 261. 
Swaynu, Nicholas, Glastonbury, 258. 
Sydenham, Joan, Cannington, 363. 

Richard, Stogumber, 10. 

Chedzoy, 387. 

Walter (esquire), Frimpton, 215. 



Taillour, John, West Buckland, 119. 

Tanner, Thomas, Wells, 6. 

Terry, Thomas (canon), Wells, 36. 

Testwode, John, Trent, 59. 

Thurbarn, Isabel, Yatton, 355. 

John, Yatton, 333. 

Torny, John, Wolverton, 16. 

Tregenven, Sir Thomas (clerk), Norton 
sub Hamdon, 180. 

Trethek, John, Somerset, 164. 

Tudor, Jasper, Duke of Bedford, Somer- 
set, 327. 

Tu^e, Alexander, Taunton, 288. 

Twynyho, Joan, Frome, 284. J -* r 

Roger, Frome, 352. " 

William, Frome, 58. 

(esquire), Dorset, 346. 

Ussher, Walter, Chew, 78. 

Venables, John, Congresbury, 71. 
Vincent, Henry, Frome, 266. 
Vowell, Richard, Wells, 368.- 
Vyning (als. Dyer), John, Wincanton, 396. 

Wadham, Sir John (knight), Somerset, 

52. 

John, Ilminster, 225. 

Walshe, Roger, Hutton, 17. 

(gentleman), Hutton, 113. 

Robert (esquire), Langridge, 120. 

Wansford, John (canon), Wells, 296. 
Warleigh, Henry, Keynsham, 161. 
Warre, Joan, Ilminster, 377. 

Robert (esquire), Kingston, 207. 

Waspray, Robert, Bath, 78. 

Wattes, Robert, Queen Camel, 18. 

Webbe, Thomas, Chewstoke, 366. 

Welles, John (canon), Wells, 86. 

Wenard, William, Exeter, 147. 

West, Sir Richard (clerk), Uphill, 338. 

Weyvyle, Richard, Rademyld (Sussex), 

80. 

Wheler, John (clerk), Bridgwater, 245. 
Wodehele, Roger (canon), Wells, 138. 
Wodford, William, Rode, 105. 
Woth, Thomas, Cannington, 27. 
Wryngton, John (clerk), Wanstrow, 14. 
Wyke, John, Nynehead, 42. 
Wyncaulton, Walter (canon), Wells, 400. 
Wynne, Joan, Taunton, 321. 



INDEX RERUM. 



Advowson, 116. 
Agricultural Instruments : 

Apparatus of husbandry, 227, 263, 

291, 359- 

" Dragges," 143, 376. 

Harrow, 143, 376. 

Iron chains, 143. 

Ploughs, 69, 143, 358, 359, 376, 401. 

Waggons, "Waynes," 52, 143, 177, 
227, 254, 340, 350, 359, 376. 

Wheels, 350. 

Yokes, 143. 
Aldermen, 314. 
Almshouses, 77, 154, 160, 164, 168, 187, 

200, 218, 222, 288, 291, 364, 397. 

founding of, 247. 

Altar, Service of: 

Almsdish, 188. 

Altarcloths, 100, 112, 186, 187, 189, 
215, 261, 330, 331. 

Banners, 93, 131, 203. 

de Beate Marie, 93. 

de Beate Marie Magdalene, 93. 

de Trinitate, 94. 
Bell, sanctus, 28, 144, 187. 
Box to hang over altar, 215. 
Canopy, 251, 266. 
Censer, 138, 173, 398. 

Chalices, 2, 22, 28, 51, 52, 71, 79, 
loo, 113, 124, 131, 144, 162, 165, 
172, 174, 187, 219, 226, 229, 240, 
261, 270, 278, 294, 330. 

Corporas, 162, 251, 279. 

Corporas-case, 292, 330. 

Coverlet of tapestry, 81, 245. 

Crucifix, 187. 

Cruets, 137, 144, 187, 219, 240, 363. 

Curtains, 93, 189, 203, 204. 

Docer, 93. 

Frontal, 93, 189, 203, 204, 215. 

Hangings for, 93. 

Osculatory, 203, 235, 308. 



Paten, 174. 

Paxbrede, 28, 219, 235 n t 240, 242 , 

260, 308, 363. 
Fix, 187, 215, 383, 403. 

called " Pere," 52. 

Pomander, 204 n. 
Super-altar, 251, 279. 
Tabula, 3, 153 n. 
Texte, 235 n. 
Veil, 255 n. 
Altars of: 

All Saints (Bruton), 93. 
B.V.M. (Boxgrove), 220. 

(Wells), 178, 369. 

The Cross (Montacute), 22. 

(Wells), 64, 237. 

High Cross (Taunton), 281. 
Holy Cross (Frome), 33. 

(Bruton), 132. 

Holy Trinity (Bridgwater), 246. 

(Wells), 75, 389- 

(Westminster), 258. 

(Yeovil), 167. 

Majesty (Bath Priory), 214. 
St. Andrew (Glastonbury), 275. 
St. Anne (Mells), 333. 

(Portbury), 172. 

St. Christopher (Muchelney), 109. 
St. Elisabeth (Muchelney), 124. 
St. Erasmus (Bridgwater), 246. 

(Glastonbury), 251. 

St. Gregory (Bridgwater), 246. 
St. John Baptist (Beckington), 366 n. 
St. John Evangelist (Beckington), 252. 
St. Katherine (Bath), 343. 

(Bridgwater), 246. 

(Cannington), 363. 

(Exeter), 128. 

(Mells), 333. 

(Wells), 261. 

St. Mary Magdalen (Wells), 92, 95. 
St. Mary of Pity (Boxgrove Priory), 220. 



412 



Altars 0/ 1 continued : 
" St. Nectanus (Cheddar), 304. 

St. Nicholas (Cannington), 363. 

(Chew), 325. 

(Wells), 237, 23$. 

St. Sepulchre (Taunton), 281. 

St. Stephen (Wells), 157. 

(Westminster), 259. 

St. Wilfride (Haslebury), 113. 
Altarists, 6, 88. 
Animals bequeathed: 

Bull, 405. 

Bullock, 381. 

Calf, 349, 356. 

half a, 172. 

Cows, 11, 16, 21, 56, 70, 114, 132, 
146, 177, 245, 248, 259, 260, 263, 
266, 267, 278, 340, 356, 380, 

405- 

black, 77. 

with calf, 56, 266. 

half a, 172. 

"for a lamp," 22, 17*2. 

" Doues," 146. 

Ewe lambs, 278. 

Ewes, 29, 70, 78, 226, 227, 278, 303, 

320, 349, 376. 
Goshawk, 141, 318. 
Heifer, 50, 259, 278, 311, 312, 340, 368. 
Horses, 3, 132, 159, 162, 218, 331, 

332, 392, 404. 

ambling, 123, 144, 404. 

bay, 108, 340, 387. 

black, 141, 145, 404. 

called "Trill," 141. 

colt, 340. 

"donne," 216. 

grey, 340, 404. 

red mare, 50. 

sorel, 141. 

sorel hackney, 216. 

" trottyng geldyng," 217. 

white, 404. 

Lambs, 227, 349, 360. 

Oxen, 18, 21, 53, 100, 114, 128, 143, 

172, 177, 227, 244, 245, 254/303, 

340, 358, 359, 376, 383. 
Pigs, 172, 245. 
" Rotherbestes," 291, 338. 
Sheep, 23, 53, 100, 104, no, 143, 146, 

163, 178, 196, 232, 244, 245, 250, 



267, 274, 291, 303, 333, 336, 337, 

340, 349, 3">8, 359, 371, 376. 
Steer, no, 172, 278, 340. 
Anniversary, 53, 79, 90, 124, 139, 145, 

164, 228, 249, 281, 342, 364, 403. 
Annuellarii, 3, 7, 25, 67, 68, 76, 88, 91, 

157, 236, 400. 
Antiphoriies, 296. 
Anvil, 390. 
Apparel, Wearing : 
Boots, riding, 216. 
Cap, 47. 

Cloaks, 40, 102, 232 , 385. 
Clothes, linen, 63, 168, 181. 

woollen, 1 68, 181, 288. 

for the spring, 37. 

Coats, 48. 

of livery, 100. 

"Corcet,"48. 

Doublets, 13, 141, 288, 303, 392. 

of worsted, 75, 282. 

of fustian, 216. 

of silk, 216, 292. 

for altar use, 292, 

of velvet, 303, 314. 

of satin, 303, 392. 

Flameola, 31, 125, 171 , 385 n. 

Flammea, 255 , 385 n. 

Fustians, 123, 229. 

Gloves, 109. 

Gown-cloth, 178. 

Gowns, passim. 

black, 123, 124, 216, 286, 300, 

323, 328, 329, 334, 341, 392. 

blood colour, 51, 179. 

blue, 21, 34, 51, 75, 109, 125, 

140, 174, 175, 179, 194, 207, 210, 

217, 237, 247, 264, 282, 284, 322, 

323,383. 

of burnet, 175, 322, 323. 

of chamlet, 269. 

of cloth-of-gold, 328. 

crimson, 179, 207, 210, 216, 217, 

307, 328. 

of damask, 323, 385. 

embroidered, passim. 

of frieze, 239 n, 273, 324. 

furred, passim. 

- green, 34, 58, 75, 99, 100, 108, 

109, 141, 207, 221, 284, 309, 323, 
38l, 383, 392. 



413 



Apparel^ Wearing continued : 
Gowns, green " sengle," 125. 

with hoods, passim. 

of medley, 194/2. 

of motley, 381. 

of murrey, 64, 141, 217, 264. 

of mustard-villars, 208 , 307 n t 

308. 

of plonket, 109, 404. 

" purfled," 385 n. 

of ray, 21. 

red, 40, 98. 

riding, 166. 

of russet, 21, 23, 48, 74, 125, 
217, 247, 308, 360. 

of russet "sengle," 125. 

of " sangwyn," 51. 

with " Saten de Cipers," 392. 
-scarlet, 72, 140, 158, 308, 331, 

344, 371, 383- 
of starling colour, 51. 

-of tawny, 75, 318, 371,392. 
of velvet, 245, 328, 365. 

-violet, 178, 247, 331, 360, 365, 

390. 
of watchet, 31. 

- white, 345. 

of worsted, 29, 134. 

Hat, felt, 288. 

Hoods (capucia), 28, 48, 62, 98, 125, 

141, 158, 163, 166, 217, 287, 288, 

300, 371- 

of burnet, 322. 

of mustard-villars, 140. 

of russet, 124. 

of sangweyn, 109. 

of tartrine, 158. 

Hose, 16, 27, 28, 48, 59, 216, 288, 

303,323. 

Huke, 29 u, 141 n. 
" Jacke de defence," 132, 141. 
Jacket of chamlet, 392 n. 
of cloth-of-gold, 329. 

of velvet, 392. 
Kerchief, 250, 324, 365, 385. 

- called a Nyzett, 385. 

for altar use, 251. 

Kirtle, 32, 51, 109, 251, 323,372,3^5, 
393- 

of burnet, 323. 
of damask, 245. 



Kirtle of sangweyn, 51, 323. 

Kirtle-cloth, 359, 381. 

Mantle, 347, 360, 365. 
called " Irysshatre," 170. 

Pourpoint, Parpyne, &c., 48 n, 123 n. 

Shoes, 27, 28, 32, 59. 

Smock, 323, 324, 385. 

Tippet, 314. 

Tunics, 32, 78, 125, 251, 385, 393. 

Veils (see also Kerchief), 31. 

called "Crymelle," 125*1. 

of cypres, 32. 

de " Lawnde," 255 n. 

thread, 42. 

Apprentice, 12, 104, 300. 
Apprenticeship, release from, 13. 
Aquebajulus, 178, 281, 286, 304, 334. 
Armour, 82, 132. 

avantbras, 60. 

basinet with ventaile, 60. 

brigondires, 318. 

fold, 318. 

gauntlets, 60. 

gussettes, 318. 

hauberk, 60. 

helmet with ventaile, 129. 

Jacke-de-defence, 132, 141. 

for legs, 60. 

rerebrace, 60. 

" Auntes," friends called, 305. 

Bakehouse, 143. 
Barn, 143, 335. 
Barque, 313. 

for Spain, 313. 
"Bayly, Baliff," 311, 314. 
Beadle, 369 n. 

Bead-roll (Martiloge), 90, 91, 317, 390, 

403- 

Beads, 87, 247, 278, 355, 381, 385. 
of amber, 27, 322. 

of coral, 299, 322, 404. 
of gold, 144. 

gauds, 132, 247, 404. 
"paternosters of jeet," 132. 

Beadsman, 77 n. 

" Bederpes," 69;*. 401. 

Beds, passim. 

of arras, 189. 

of chaplet, 23. 

of cloth-of-gold, 191. 



414 



Beds, coloured, 28, 29, 56, 66, 67, 123, 
130, 153, 165, 175, 189, 190. 

embroidered with " Griffonys, "130. 

women, 123. 

feather beds, 144, i?4> i79 217, 

247, 278, 322, 331, 364, 378, 389. 

flock bed, 331. 

half a bed, 18. 

"de Meremayndens," 153. 

de Pauli, 28. 

" poudred cum medley," 56. 

powdered with figures, 50. 

of Saracen work, 50. 

of tapestry, 52, 53, 191. 

of tawny, 51. 

of worsted, 2, 47, 123, 136 n, 153, 

165, 190. 

wrethen with white, 210. 

suitable for his standing, 34, 70. 

"in which I shall finish my life," 

378. 
Bedding, <SrY. : 

Blankets, 2, 13, 75, 92, 144, 178, 179, 
210, 214, 217, 229, 278, 331, 340, 
364, 381, 384, 390. 

Bolster, 179, 217, 331, 364, 381, 389, 
390. 

Canopy, 2, 50, 165. 

Canvas, 2. 

"Ceel,"2. 

Celers, 123*, 191, 331, 364. 

"de boorde Alisandre," 225. 

Costers, 51 n, 165, i88w, 189, 190, 191. 

Covering, 13072. 

of say, 179. 

of worsted (paliato), 136^. 

Coverlets, 2, 13, 56, 75, 92, 98, 129, 
162, 171, 215, 217, 225, 278, 331, 
340, 384, 390. 

of arise, 389. 

of grenesaye, 364. 

Coverlet "to be kept from moths," 

245- 

of tapestry, 378. 

Curtains, 23, 28, 51, 123, 210, 215, 

225. 

oftartaryne, 189. 

Hangings, 23, 66, 331. 

of worsted, 50. 

" cum penna de Tatterine," 50. 

Heling, 278, 381. 



Mattresses, 2, 23, 47, 75, 92, 144, 278, 

332, 381, 390. 
Pillows, 124, 144, 178, 179, 331, 364, 

389- 

"Quaternae," 2. 
Quilt, 98, 144, 179. 
"Qwysshins," 50, 51, 144, 203. 
Sheets, 2, 13, 47, 56, 66, 75, 144, 162, 
171, 178, 179, 210, 214, 217, 229, 
231, 278, 322, 323, 324, 331, 340, 
364, 381, 384, 390. 
Sheets of small canvas, 384. 

of Westvale, 48. 

" Le Spender," 263. 

" Tapice," 29. 

Testers, 47, 98, 123 n, 165, 191,225, 

33i, 364- 
Trestles, 190. 
Belfry, 117. 

Bell-ringing, 122, 276, 400. 
Bercaria, 91. 
Bishopric, reparation to successor in, 

206. 

Blessing, bequeathed, 404. 
Books : 

Antiphonaria, 203, 204, 296, 330, 360, 

404, 405. 

Bible, 203, 331, 370, 371, 404. 
Books to be chained, 203, 213, 236. 

to be repaired, 89, 96, 214. 

" Booke, the grete," 199. 
Breviary, 3, 28, 42, 52, 67, 68, 87, 
105, 117, 159, 176, 189, 211, 219, 
229, 287, 301, 308, 358, 386, 400. 
De Dirige, 404, 405. 
Gradual (grail), 42, 162, 186, 204, 330, 

405- 
Journal, 2. 

of Simon de Sudbury, 46. 

Legend, 404. 
Manual, 38, 214, 405. 
Mass book, 226, 330, 331, 339. 
Missal, 28, 38, 42, 52, 61, 68, 136, 
162, 187, 189, 214, 219, 236, 270, 
386, 404- 

to be completed and sold, 229. 

to be illuminated and bound, 218. 

Ordinal, 2, 38. 

Portuous, Portiforium, 23, 305, 331, 

339, 371, 373- 
Primer, 81, 294. 



3&crum. 



4^5 



Books continued : 

Processional, 162, 405. 

Psalter, 42, 48, 67, 68, 131, 144, 331 : 
404. 

glossed, 225. 

a Roman, 67. 

Register, 210. 

Ympnar, 213. 
Books, Names of: 

Augustine de civitate Dei, 370. 
de Trinitate, 370. 

on St. John, 223. 

works of, 224. 

" Casus Bernardi," 94. 

" Clementinas," 67. 

Clement's Constitutions, 2. 

Cicero, 301. 

" Decisiones Rote," 87. 

"Digestum Neff," 94. 

" Digestum vetus," 94. 

Gorrham on St. Luke, 223. 

Gospels in English, 12. 

St. Gregory, dialogues of, 224. 

" Gutrunnii," 371. 

Half-antiphoners, 330. 

" Innocent," 46. 

Legend, golden, 294. 
of the Saints, 42. 

" Leggef ," 305. 

Librum Catholicon, 371. 

originalem O. T., 224. 

sextum, 2, 67. 

" Lira," 85, 370. 

Livy, 370. 

" Lynwode," 211. 

Of canon law, 67. 

Of Chronicles, 67, 94, 371. 

" Of cours of Chancery," 210. 

Of Tecrees, 67, 108, 371. 

Of Devotions, 95. 

Of Earthly Law, 117. 

Of Epistles leronimi, 360. 

of St. Paul, 224. 

Of Ethics and Politics, 223. 

Of Hymns and Exequies, 213. 

Of Law, called " Thabbot," 331. 

Of Medicine, 224. 

Of Physic, 42. 

Of Sermons, 223. 

" Pars oculi," 2. 

" Paulus super Clementinis," 94. 



Pliny, 370. 

Policronicon, 370. 

" Radulphus Cartusianus de vita 
Christi," 360. 

" RiCm de med vitt," 67. 

"Speculum regiminis," 211. 

"Speculum vite," 264. 

Statutes, new, 12. 

"Sydingde Gallic," 131. 

" Textus Sexti," 94. 

Valerius Maximus, 370. 
Boy Bishop, 371. 
Brewer, 162. 
Brewing-house, 143. 
Brewing "leddis," 350. 
Brewing-vessels, 29 
Bridges : 

Of Bath, 214, 344, 355. 

Blackbroke, 300. 

" Feble brigges," repair of, 242. 

" Gundelbrigge," 148. 

Of Hambridge, 63. 

Of Ilchester, 97. 

Of Cardiff, 55. 

Of Langport, 63. 

Of Lechlade, 89. 

London, 182. 

Near mansion " Le Cellys," 89. 

In the marsh, 66. 

Of Norton, 74. 

Called " Populbrugj 

Pyffords Bridge, 28 

Of Rochester, 182. 

Tonebrigg, Taunton, 313. 
Brotherhoods, see Fraternities. 
Bugle, 174. 

Burial, earth to earth, 68, 401. 
Burial-plates^ special: 

Before altars, pass int. 

In a certain arch (Wells), 6. 

In aisles, 80, 215, 253, 270, 317. 

Near baptistry (Frome), 79. 

In chancel, passim. 

In choir, 208, 257, 296. 

In church within 40 miles, 135. 
7 miles, 233. 

Next cloister, 41, 301, 307. 

Before High Cross, 74, 121, 237, 275. 

door of chancel (Wells), 307. 

great door (Wells), 152. 
north door (St. Paul's), 165. 



je," 121. 
* 3I3- 



416 



Burial-places ', spenal continued : 
Before Trinity door (Taunton), 378. 
By " Gibbis Mary" (Bruton), 312. 
Before images, passim. 
In monument (Taunton), 288. 
In nave, passim. 
In north part, 118, 146, 172, 295, 296, 

382. 

Between "pillours" (Taunton), 378. 
In porch, 4, 38, 194. 
Before rood (Cannington), 363. 
In south part (Whitestaunton), 303. 
Next great stone (Nettlecombe), 146. 
Near other tombs, 66, 76, 85, 86, 131, 

246, 273, 301, 304, 306, 341, 346, 

348, 352, 372. 

tomb of Bishop Ralph, 40. 

of Bishop Robert, 307. 

of Thomas Terry, 138. 

Special directions for, 61, 290, 401. 
Burgages, 130, 164, 173, 195, 246, 300, 

335, 397- 
Butcher, 156. 

" Cabyne," 195. 

Calendar, testator's name in, 317. 

Candles, 203, 276, 400. 

Candlesticks, 144, 188, 297, 322, 330, 

331, 332. 

Canons, burial fees to, 48. 
Capella curata^ 2l2r. 
Capons, 69, 401. 
Cardiscar, 323 n. 
Carpenter, 184. 

Carriage called " Le Char," 51. 
Case (kas), 98. 
Chamber-house, 353. 
Chancery, clerk of, 117. 
Chantries, see Church. 
Chaplain, extraneous, 347. 

perpetual, 251 n. 

Chest, 15, 16, 56, 97, 123, 136, 322, 356, 

401 n, 404. 

common, of town, 230. 

of Flaunders, 137. 

with iron cover, 81. 

Chetell, 365. 

Choristers, 6, 88, 153, 186, 262, 296, 371. 
Church and belongings ', The : 
Aisle, 43, 80, 113, 215, 253, 270, 317, 

397- 



Aisle, altar of, 113. 

of St. Nicholas (St. John's, 

Glaston), 270. 

- of St. Wilfryde (Haslebury), 113. 
Altar, see special heading. 
Aspersorium, 136, 187, 203. 
Baptistry, 79. 
Belfry, bells, 21, 63, 117, 122, 148, 

177, 211, 282, 317, 324, 399. 
Chancel ceiling, 261. 

pavement, 261. 

Chantries, 146, 220, 230 n, 245, 

254, 311- 
Choir, 39, 145, 208, 228 , 257, 275, 

296, 347, 372. 

door, 363, 364. 

Cloister, 41, 145, 148, 261, 301, 307. 

Easter Sepulchre, 210. 

Lectern, 93, 145. 

Pall, 173. 

Porch, 4, 24, 38, 194. 

Pulpit, 398. 

Reading-desk, 145. 

Rood, 363, 364. 

Seating, 397. 

Stalls, 145. 

Steeple, 165. 

Towers, 148, 261, 263, 279, 288, 298, 

313, 32i, 350, 353, 379, 382. 
Vestry, 74. 
Windows, 6, 56. 
glass, 48, 93, 94, m, 145, I4 g, 

245- 

of three dayes, 245. 

memorial, 148, 245, 287 n. 

Ckttrch Repair, &-V. : 
Bequest for aisle, 43, 253. 

altar, 128. 

belfry, 148, 177. 

bells, 21, 177, 211, 317, 

324- 

chancel, 89, 96, 262. 

chancel ceiling, 261. 

chantry, 254. 

cloister, 145, 148. 

cross, 250. 

nave, 33, 211, 212. 

" new work," 363. 

north "ile," 397. 

paving, 145, 261. 

plumbing, 266. 



417 



Church Repair, 6rV. continued : 

Bequest for porch, 24. 

steeple, 165. 

tower, see Church. 

vestry, 74. 

windows, see Church. 

Churchwardens, 26, 56, 128, 147, 182, 

236, 246, 261, 283, 299, 334, 338, 369. 
Claimant, satisfaction of, 197, 198, 201. 
Clerks, bequests to, 9, 25, 26, 28, 65, 

75, in, 140, 151, 236, 246, 265, 

299, 32i, 369, 394, 398. 

holy- water, 178, 281, 286, 304, 334. 

"owte," 314. 

to say psalters, 48, 67. 
Clock, 225. 
"Clopmaker," 163. 
Close, 57, 369- 

of pasture, 64, 346, 350. 

next " Powke Browke," 337. 

called " Pylkys," 249. 

Cloth, Fabrics, &c. : 

Arras, 189, 389. 

of "Duke Giles," 188. 

Bawdekyn, 330, 331. 

Bord Alexander, 225, 263 . 

Buckram, 86, 217;?, 299. 

Canvas, 2, 384. 

Chamlet, 269, 392 n. 

Chaplet, 23. 

Cloth de blanket, 129. 

Bristol, 390. 

"broad," 216. 

crescloth, 323 n. 

called " Croys Clor," 64. 

of double texture, 66. 

garneseye, 323. 

of gold, 15, 42, 144, 173, 187, 

191, 203, 328, 329. 

of " Lankeshire make," 323. 

mete-cloth, 323. 

" see-clothe," 325. 

warecloths, 379. 

wholecloth, 227, 228, 251, 313, 
322. 

woollen, 119, 120, 248, 323, 325, 

368, 372, 379, 385, 392. 

Damask, 42, 174, 203, 245, 270, 323, 

385. 

Diaper, 232, 375, 389. 
Douglas, 300 n. 



Featherwork, 203. 

Felt, 288. 

Frieze, 239 , 273, 324. 

Fustian, 123, 216. 

" Holand," 385. 

" Lawnde," 255, 385. 

Linen, 28, 63, 123, 168, 181, 322. 

" Mustard-villars," 140, 208 ;/, 307 n, 

308. 

" Packe of Tauntons," 379. 
" Pannus" (cloth or a piece of cloth), 

90, 92, 93, 204, 234, 248, 249. 
Plonket, 109, 404. 
Pourpoint, 48 n, I2$n. 
Ray, 21. 

Russett, 21, 23, 48, 57, 68, 74, 119, 
125, 217, 247, 308, 360, 365, 401, 
404. 

Sangweyn, 51, 109, 323. 
Saracen- work, 50. 
Sarcenet, 236 n. 
Saten-de-Cipers, 392. 
Satin, 205, 303. 
Say, 179, 364- 

Silk, 42, 187, 216, 254, 292. 
Tapestry, 29, 52, 53, 81, 165, 189, 
191, 378. 

hailing with the ix wurthy, 165. 

Tartrine, 50, 144, 158, 189, 190, 204. 

Taunton, 379. 

Teuke, 26372. 

Tyssu, 203. 

Velvet, 66, 228, 236, 245, 303, 314, 

328, 330, 365, 371, 384, 392. 
Watchet, 31. 
Westvale, 48. 
Worsted, 2, 29, 47, 50, 75, 123, 124, 

134, 136 n, 153, 165, 190, 282. 
Clothier, 248, 267, 327. 
Coffers, 1 08, 200, 254, 322, 323. 

called Trussyncofrez, 51. 

Collection given to King, 87. 
Collects, special, 135, 166. 

" Deus cui proprium," 140, 223, 

224, 225. 

Commendations, 186, 205, 278, 364. 
Commonalty (Wells), 370. 
Commons, allowances for, 211. 
Communarius, 93. 
Confessor, 314, 320, 337, 354- 
Confirmation, 315^, 355. 

3 H 



Constable, 314. 
Copyhold, 23. 
Corse, 321 , 322. 
Council of Constance, 87 n. 

King's, 150. 

Couples, married, bequests to, 293. 
Court, advocate of, 3. 

apprentice to, 12. 

Courtyard, 396. 

Creditors, satisfaction of, 3. 

Crosses, 81, 138, 203, 204, 205, 320, 335. 

high, 74, 121, 237, 250, 275, 333, 

339- 

to carry " blessed candle," 203. 

processional, 93, 230. 

Culver-house, 390. 
Curate, 44. 

Curtilage, 233, 365, 369. 
Gustos, i66n, 277 n. 

Deacon, 102, no, 186, 189, 202. 
Deanery of Gary, 397. 

Wells, 154. 

Debts bequeathed, 18, 34, 219, 269, 274, 

345, 35.6, 381. 
remission of, 18, 38, 47, 48, 64, 95, 

97, 125, 128, 167, 170, 176, 241, 310. 
Dinners, to poor, 128. 
Domicelli, 15^, 19, 60, 72, 206. 
Dormitory house, 91. 
Dosser, 93, 188 n. 
Draper, 216, 318, 352. 
Drinking horn, a Christmas, 23. 
Ducat, 85. 

Duty of herbage, 329. 
Dye-house, 345. 

Effigies on tombs, 93, 146. 

of Thomas Chedder, i$2n. 

on paxbrede, 235. 

Electrum, vessels of, 37, 383. 
Exhibitions at University, or schools, 
206, 263, 291, 308, 343, 352, 375. 

"Ferroure," 116. 
Ferry, 269 n. 

Fishmongers, 149, 181, 184, 354. 
" Flascons," 189. 
Flower called " Columbein," 151. 
Foodstuff : 
Ale, 292. 



Bread, 74, 225, 244, 292, 364, 398. 

farthing bread, 313. 

Dough, 48. 
"Flicchebeef," 56. 
" Fliccti bacun," 57, 78. 
" Grene Gynger," 242. 
Loaves, 25, 48, 65, 67. 
Salt, 57. 
Victuals, 161. 
Fraternities, 165. 
At Bridg water, 194. 
At Pilton, 335. 
At S. Petherton, 393. 
At Stone, 336. 
Of St. Andrew, 221. 
Of B.V.M., 77, 181, 221, 263, 348, 

Of Holy Cross, 265, 280, 345. 

Of Holy Ghost, 220. 

Of Holy Sepulchre, 265, 279, 288. 

Of Holy Trinity, 25, 129, 265, 363, 

Of Jesus, 370. 

Of St. John Baptist, 181, 370. 

Of St. John of Jerusalem, 335. 

Of St. Katherine, 214, 343. 

Of St. Mary, 25. 

Of St. Mary Magdalen, 179. 

Misse Ihu, 354. 

Of St. Nicholas, 121. 
Fuel, to poor, 91, 255, 373. 
Funeral expenses, 32,45, 50, 52, 79, 112, 

135, 145. J 5 2 161, 187, 202,238,273, 

275, 296, 306, 317, 356, 368, 399. 
Fur : 

Beaver, 2, 210, 217. 

Black fur, 264, 323. 

Black skin, 247. 

Bug-eye, 308 n. 

Calaber, 32, 265, 392 n. 

Calaber-grey, 307 n. 

Cristigrey, 23, 132. 

" Croppy s," 264 n. 

Fitchets, 124, 194, 210. 

Fox, 132, 388. 

Grey, 98, 109, 123. 

Lambskin, 51. 

Martin, 151, 207, 210. 

"Martrons," 331. 

Menyver, 51, 109, 308;?. 

Otter, 131, 170. 



Iftmtm. 



419 



Ftir continued : 

Poleyngrey, 29. 

Popul, 308 n. 

Shanks, 318, 365, 392 n. 

Stanling, 308 n. 

White fur, 322. 
Furnace, 345, 389, 390. 

Garnish of vessels, 331, 332, 404. 
Gilds : 

Of Fishmongers, 184. 

Of Grocers, 184. 

Of Merchants, 337. 
Girdles, 16, 117, 179, 247, 278, 322, 

344, 373. 38i, 385, 392, 404- 

with bars, 169, 217, 251, 288, 404. 

with pearls and mordaunt, 170. 

- of silk, 75, 169, 217, 384. 

silver, 29, 98, 104, 108, ill, 171, 

247, 347, 355, 39i. 
- of velvet, 365, 384. 
Godchildren, 128, 315 n, 320, 355, 357. 
Godson (confiliolus), 405. 

(filiolus), 23, 161. 

(films spiritualis), 107. 

Grain : 

Barley, 21, 22, 70, 172, 267, 292. 

Corn, 78, 143, 162, 244, 267, 322, 
385, 401. 

Dredge, 292 n. 

Oats, 21, 22, 303. 

Rye, no. 

Wheat, 18, 21, 22, 38, 62, 70, 72, 78, 

160, 267, 292. 
Grammar school, 166. 
Groat pieces, 215. 
Grocers, 184, 185. 
Groom, 37. 

Hand-irons, 294, 302. 
Hand-mill, 114. 
Harness bequeathed: 

Bit, 159. 

Bridle, 21, 141, 162, 216, 218. 

Harness, 216, 358. 

Horse apparel, 218. 

Saddle, 21, 162, 141, 159, 216, 217, 
218. 

Spurs, 2 1 6. 
Hay, 322. 
Hedge called " Gore Hegge," 266. 



Heraldry : 

Arms of Bishop Beckington, 263. 

of John Camel, 271 n. 

of William Case, 318. 

of Sir Richard Chock, 245. 

of Dean Gunthorpe, 362 n. 

of " Herford and Deuon," 51. 

of Robert Hungerford, 187, 188, 

189. 

of Lord Mohun, 2. 

of Salisbury, 2. 

of Seint Lo, 51. 

of John Stourton, 145. 

in windows, 245. 

Herce, 41, 74, 299. 

Holy Land, testator visiting, 226. 

Horn, a Christmas drinking, 23. 

with bugil, 174. 

Horsemen, to arrange for masses, 59, 
Horse-mill, 396. 
Hospicium, 29. 
Hospitals ; 

Of St. Anthony, 129. 

Bath, St. John's, 89, 342. 

St. Mary Magdalene, 32, 45, 214. 

Bridgwater, St. John's, 91, 157. 

Bristol, St. Bartholomew's, 91, 183. 

Bruton, 91. 

Glastonbury, St. Mary Magdalene's, 
176, 255, 270, 373. 

London, " Elsyngspetill," 182. 

St. Bartholomew's, W. Smith- 
field, 182. 

St. Mary, Runcivale, 182, 268. 

St. Mary's, Bishopsgate, 181, 

182. 

St. Thomas's, Southwark, 132. 

Wells, St. Cuthbert's, 157. 

St. John's, 8, 25, 26, 92, 157. 

House, The: 

Butlery, 81, 144, 332. 

Cellar, 219. 

Chamber, 82, 267, 278, 283, 309, 358, 
376. 

upper, 225. 

Chapel, 242. 

Hall, 82, 242, 267, 278, 283, 404. 

Kitchen, 50, 82, 144, 242, 247, 267, 
283, 332. 

Larder, 82, 144. 

Pantry, 82, 144, 283. 



420 



House, The continued : 

Parlour, 242, 278, 301. 

Stable, 82, 264, 332, 365. 

Study, 225. 

altar in, 225. 

Household Furniture : 

Boards, 302. 

Candlesticks with " snoffes," 188. 

Chest, 322, 404. 

Fender, 16. 

Forms, 301. 

Furniture, 217. 

" Goods and Catals," 242. 

moveable or immoveable, 21, 33, 

133, 196, 3I5. 3i6, 345, 35 1 , 39i- 

Hall tables, 302. 

Hangings, 278, 301, 302. 

Household "store," 179. 

"stuffe," 144, 242, 254, 274, 

294, 322, 353, 379. 

" Qwyshons and Bankers," 301, 302. 

Spits, 404. 

Stools, 301, 302. 

Tables, 32, 301, 302. 

Wardrobe, 82. 
Houses, lepers', 181. 
Husbandman, 172. 

Images (see also Altars and Lights} : 
At Chew, 325. 
At Dowlisshwake, 146. 
At Stavordale, 145. 
In windows, 245. 
Of crucifix, 348. 
On cloth, 225. 
St. Andrew (Blagdon), 98. 

(Cheddar), 151. 

(Wells), 213. 

St. Anne (Brislington), 268. 

(Teffont Ewyas), 284. 

Annunciation on paxbrede, 235. 
Assumption on ring, 384. 
B.V.M. (Beckington), 351. 

(Crowham), 268. 

(Glastonbury), 250, 255. 

illutton), 17. 

(Rownsevale), 268. 

(Stanton Drew), 267, 306. 

(Walsingham), 268. 

(Wells), i, 275, 296, 361 n. 

(Woolwich), 208. 



B.V.M. in Jesina (Wells), 297, 361. 

St. Dominic (Ashton), 245. 

St. Dunstan (Glastonbury), 321. 

St. Erasmus (Glastonbury), 250. 

St. Etheldreda (Ely), 268. 

St. George (Rode), 259. 

St. Gregory (Ashton), 245. 

St. Henry the King, 268. 

Holy Trinity (Beckington), 249. 

(Crichurch), 329. 

St. John (Blagdon), 98. 

(Glastonbury), 250. 

(Wells), 275. 

on plate, 136. 

St. Katherine (Bruton), 94. 

(Chard), 285. 

(Glastonbury), 250. 

St. Lawrence (Rode), 259. 

St. Mary de la Grace (St. Paul's), 
268. ' 

St. Mary of Bethlehem, 268. 

St. Mary of Cleve, 321. 

"St. Mary of Swell," 179. 

St. Mary Magdalen (Bruton), 94. 

on ring, 384. 

St. Mary of Redcliffe (Bristol), 268. 

Master John Shorn, 268. 

St. Nicholas (Glastonbury), 270. 

St. Peter (Wells), 213. 

St. Sithe (Beckington), 351 n. 

St. Sonday (Ashton), 245. 
Indulgences, 322, 343. 
Inventory to be made, 292. 
Iron, 219, 233, 372. 
Iron- worker, 116. 

Jewels, Jewellery, 144, 153, 213, 219, 

242, 274, 310, 403. 

" broch," 405. 

chains, gold, 253, 254, 292, 318. 

cross, gold, 8 1, 335. 

jewel, 403. 

"owche," 179. 

pearls, 170. 

ring, profession, 245, 306. 

wedding, 31, 312, 321. 

rings, 23, 49, 141, 178, 179, 250, 

255, 265, 266, 267, 301, 321, 323, 

350, 404- 

with four Evangelists, 189. 

with images, 384. 



Jfnfcejr i&erum. 



421 



Jeivels, sapphire, 23. 

seal from heir to heir, 23. 

signet, gold, 300, 365. 

stone called " Diamunde," 179, 404. 

King's Council, 150. 

Justices, 149, 193, 211, 238. 

ways, 1 08, 228. 

Knives, 302. 

Cornish, 117. 

wood, 141. 

Knytters, 322 n. 

I aici, 40, 73. 

Lamps, bequests for, 22, 172, 2 1 6, 339, 

364- 

Lands : 

To be " amorteysed," 327. 
In fee simple, 327, 352. 
Left to Mayor and Bailiffs, 311. 

"maister" of Wells, 390. 
Laton, 42, 87, 138, 173, 297, 330. 
Lauds, 364 

Lead, vessels of, 78, 138, 143, 255, 350. 
Lepers, bequest to, 181. 
Libraries, 203, 223, 2 '4. 
Lights : 

Of All Souls (Cothelstone), 386. 

Of B.V.M. (Frome Selwood), 266. 

(Tintinhull), 77. 

(Wells Cathedral), 46. 

(White Stanton), 303. 

Of High Cross (Frome Selwood), 266. 

(Beckington), 248, 252. 
Of Holy Cross (Congresbury), 46. 

(Milborne), 336. 

(Queen Camel), 18. 
Of St. Anne (Laverton), 340. 

Of St. Christopher (Beckington), 252. 
Of St. Congar (Congresbury), 46. 
Of St. John Baptist (Beckington), 252. 
Of St. Katherine (Congresbury), 46. 

(East Luccombe), 278. 

(Wells Cathedral), 46. 

Of St. Mary (Queen Camel), 18. 
Of St. Nicholas (Congresbury), 46. 

(East Luccombe), 278. 
(Laverton), 340. 

- (Wells Cathedral), 46. 
Of the Sepulchre (Bremmor), 265. 
Ligna, 27. 



Litany, 364. 

Literatus, 164, 173, 279, 283, 298, 307, 

344, 362, 367, 378, 380, 391, 394, 395, 

398. 
Livery, of Prior of Bath, 100. 

of Prior of Bruton, 132. 

coats of, 100, 141, 187. 

Loom, 343. 

Malt, 57, 333. 
Manor of Ash, 209. 

Ashton, 242. 

Brad pole, 198. 

Cattefeld, 81. 

Compton Pauncefoot, 254. 

called " Doghatherley," 375. 

Edge, 226. 

Felcham, 193. 

Flyntfeld, 193. 

Grove, 62. 

Holdech, 402. 

Sampborn, 376. 

Staunton, 116. 

Stert, 376. 

Tetherington, 201. 

Thorn Coffin, 115. 

Thornebury, 329. 

Marriage, bequests for, passim. 

of poor girls, 148, 182. 
Martiloge, 90, 91, 390, 403. 
Masons, 88. 
Masses, celebration of : 

Thirty, 88. 

One hundred, 83, 239, 276, 297, 364. 

in one day, 326. 

One hundred and five, 47. 

Two hundred, 276. 

Three hundred, 65. 

One thousand, 33, 53, 59, 138, 155, 
158, 1 68, 220, 403. 

" with haste," 58. 

Two thousand, 28. 

Three thousand in three days, 80. 

Daily for thirty days, 239. 

Of requiem, 122, 135, 140, 147, 204, 
205, 223, 236, 290, 296, 369. 

With bells at night, 122. 

At altar nearest grave, 118. 

Daily for ever, 220, 300. 

De anglis, i, 140. 

Of the Body of Christ, I, 140. 



422 



Masses, celebration of continued : 

Missa, currens, I, 300 (n). 

Missa Jesu, 354. 

De die, i. 

De Sancta Cruce, 2, 140. 

De Sancto Jacobo, 117. 

De Sancta Maria, 2, 47, 140, 157. 

Of St. Michael and St. Gabriel, 106. 

Of St. Peter, 117. 

De Sancto Spiritu, i, 47, 140. 

De Sancto Stephano, 157. 

Of St. Thomas the Martyr, i. 

Of the Trinity, i, 47, 140. 

Trental of St. Gregory, 28, 65, 75, 

135, 220, 368, 404. 
Matins de die, 95. 

de Sancta Maria, 95. 

Measures, Weights, &<:. : 

Acres, 267. 

" Balis de Wod," 248. 

Bushels, 57, 62, 72, 78, no, 172. 

Desemy, 404. 

Dolium, 7, 233, 372 . 

Ells, 45- 

Gallons, 42, 171, 365, 366, 372 , 399. 

Hogshead, $J2n. 

Measures of corn, 385. 

of woad, 126, 127, 279, 280, 322, 

" Packe," 379. 
Pipe of iron, 372 n. 

of oil, 255. 

of wine, 117, 255, 310. 

of woad, 233, 234, 247, 279, 288, 

295, 3io, 313, SH, 347, 354, 3^7, 

378, 381, 389- 
Pottle, 52 n. 
" Potellers," 188. 
Pound, 98. 
Quart, 52. 
Quarters of bark, 313. 

of grain, 18, 21, 22, 38, 62, 70, 

1 60, 292. 

of malt, 57, 333. 

of woad, 228, 237, 255, 347, 

389, 390. 
Quartlers, 188. 
Setting, 355. 
Stone, of wool, 71. 
Ton, tun (dolium), 7, 233, 372 n. 
"Weight" of wool, 291 n, 292. 



Memorial inscriptions, 148, 238, 341. 
Mercers, 184, 185, 221, 222, 283, 354. 
Messuages, passim. 
Mills, 394. 

horse, 396. 

" Milwarde," 369. 

" Ministri," 39. 

Minors, custody of, 22, 242, 263. 

provision for, 256, 257, 260. 

Monks, bequests to : 

For assisting at funeral, 135. 

For bell-ringing, 400. 
Month's mind, 279, 291, 306, 328, 398. 
Monuments, 15, 288. 
Mortuary, 202. 

"a donne hors," 216 n. 

waggon and oxen, 143. 

furred gown, 392. 

Musical Instruments : 

Cittern, 12. 

Harp, 12. 

Lute, 318. 
Mysteries, see Gild. 

Napery, 51. 
Napkin, 23, 56, 100. 
Noble, 224. 



Oak trees bequeathed, 334. 

Obit, holding of, 81, 122, 123, 146, 154, 

226, 276, 297, 311, 313, 343, 361, 

369, 379- 

Offerings forgotten, 126, 169, 208. 
Oil, 101. 

called " Lampeoyle," 255 

Oratory, 219, 404. 

Orchard, 365, 369, 390. 

Ornaments of chapel, 50, 386, 394 

Oven, 82. 

" Owche," 179. 

Page (garcio), 206. 
Painting of altar, 369. 

of B.V.M., 123, 225. 

of High Cross, 252. 

Pall, 68, 86, 90, 208, 401 

Palm Sunday, 226. 

" Pardon, St. Andrew's," 322. 

Pilgrimages, to accomplish, 201, 226, 

268, 269. 
to St. Anne, 269 n. 



423 



Pittance, 81. 

"Placebo and Dirige," 37, 48, 74, 88, 

89, 93, 138, 147, H8, 152, 218, 289, 

290, 292, 341. 
Plate, articles of: 

Basins, silver, 109. 

with arms engraven, 51, 187, 318. 

with ewers, 52, 187, 240, 241, 

272, 318, 363, 375, 386. 

"pounced" with "knots of 

sykols," 1 88. 

" Bolles" silver, 87, 253. 

Bowls, silver, 101, 128, 158, 159, 174, 
175, 188, 229, 230, 234, 237, 289, 
290, 298, 300, 317, 320, 354, 367, 
382. 

of " Parys," 158. 

with " Archangill," 188. 

with ewer, 207. 

with a " knoppe," 179. 

with " La Printe," 179. 

called Le Michaell, 386. 

called Rostope, 158. 
" powneced," 309 . 

" rosea," 372. 

" Chargeours," 50, 52, 53, 188. 
Cups, silver, passim. 

with arms engraven, 263. 

with arms " in a sun," 189. 

of berell, 404. 

with " Columbein," 151. 

with " Couerkle, 21. 

with covers, passim. 

with E inscribed, 2. 

cum floe, 1 88. 

with " le borders " gilt, 174, 

with " pomelle of blew," 144. 

with "Serpentyn," 118, 309. 

with short foot, 51. 

with stag on cover, 153. 
called " Bollecuppe," 219. 

called " Caunterbury Cuppe," 188. 

called " Le dubelle Cuppe," 188. 

called " le Note," 144, 171, 289. 
called " pece," 53. 

called " Riding Cupp," 309. 

like a bell, 153. 

like a custard, 145 n. 

like a rose, 153. 

of the grypes eye, 165. 

of serpentine stone, 118, 309. 



Cups, which belonged to St. Thomas 

the Martyr, 144. 
" Playn cuppe," 364. 
Standing cups, 144, 240, 241, 242, 

276, 277. 

Cup "stondyng on low fete," 165. 
Dishes, silver, 50, 52, 53, 188. 
Goblets, silver, 162, 196, 211, 240, 

289, 290, 294, 302, 323, 365. 

de Maser, 400. 

of Paris work, 153. 

Horn, silver, 49, 290, 371. 

with a bugil, 174. 

a Christmas drinking, 23. 

Jugs, silver (picarii), 52 n. 

called " Quarte," 52, 53. 

Masers, 18, 37, 38, 66, 91, 98, 251, 

265, 282, 289, 290, 297, 304, 312, 

317, 322, 323, 326, 336, 347, 381, 

399". 

Nutte, gilte, 323. 
Pieces, silver, passim. 

chased, 290, 323. 

swaged, 292 n. 

" Bolle pece," 226, 229, 290, 292, 320, 

323, 364- 
" Flatte pece," 87, 141, 144, 241, 242, 

296, 323, 375, 386. 
Piece called a " Belle," 226. 

called " Erode pec," 40. 

called " Tunne," 226. 

with image of St. John, 136.* 

with rose embossed, 59, 226. 

with "smale stones," 165. 

Pots, silver, 144, 165, 171, 241, 242, 

253, 375- 

"godrunded with arms," 188. 

called " Potellers," 188. 

called "Quartlers," 188. 

Powderbox, 226 n. 

"utputa a pec," 289. 

Saltcellars, silver, passim. 

" Sawceres," silver, 188, 

Spoons, silver, passim. 

" cum magnis buddis," 234. 

with " wrethen knappes," 226 n. 

" to etc grene gynger with," 

242. 

marked with letters, 23. 

Pledges, restoration of, 38. 
Pcenitentiarius, 85. 



424 



Poor, bequests to, passim : 
In almshouses, 154, 160, 164, 168, 291, 

364. 
In hospitals, 8, 25, 26, 91, 92, 157, 

176, 181, 182, 183, 255, 270, 273. 
Distribution to (erogatio), 61, 126. 

on day of burial, 2, 9, 12, 

33, 42, 60, 74, 81, 89, 90, 99, 147, 
152, 158, 175, 238, 265, 273, 275, 
281, 296, 301, 306, 313, 328. 

every Friday, 65, 291, 364. 

every Saturday, 364. 

" Coming to seek the alms of 

Christ," 25. 

Coming "in forma pauperis," 122. 
Lame, decrepit, blind, sick, &c., 
25, 48, 58, 63, 69, 89, 92, 102, 182, 
205, 401, 404. 
Poor, clothing for, passim. 

food for, passim. 

fuel for, 160, 255, 373. 

attendance of, at funerals, 6, 19, 

27, 33, 48, 59, 62, 74, 89, 114, 124, 
196, 239, 273, 281, 286, 300, 341, 

345- 

Port-reeve, 314. 
Pound, 115. 
" Pourparty," 33. 
Powche," 344. 
Prayers quoted, 135, 136, 223. 
Preachers, public, 182. 

at St. Paul's cross, 182. 

at St. Mary's cross, 182. 

Prebend, 118. 

Priests, bequests to, passim : 

To celebrate for souls, passim. 

Present at funeral, passim. 

From University to celebrate, 183. 

" A covenable preest," 113, 404. 

Administering last sacrament, 319. 

Indigent, 66, 95. 

To study at Oxford, 119. 

For exhibition of, 263, 291, 343, 

375- 

Prisoners, bequests to, 2, 54, 158, 181, 
244, 272, 274, 281, 375, 376. 

release of, 13. 

Procession aisle, 80. 
Processions, 95, 202. 
Procurator, 245. 
Psalms, penitential, 186. 



Psalms, " the seven," 364. 

" the fifteen," 364. 

"De profundis," 223. 

Psalteria, 48, 67, 89, 156. 

of St. Mary, 89, 156. 

Purification, Feast of the, 203. 

" Quarte," jug called, 53. 
"Quartler," pot called, 188. 
"Quaternae," 2. 
"Qwysshins," 50, 51, 144, 301. 

Recommendationes, 224. 
Rectory house, 180. 
Refectory, 81, 97. 

"de signo Trouet," 90. 

Registrar, bishop's, 207. 

Registration of testator's name, 90, 91. 

Reliquary, 248 n. 

Removal of remains, 143, 257, 378. 

Rents, quarterly, 57. 

remission of, 23. 

Revenues, 376. 
Roads, bequests towards : 
Causeways 

Paving of Chelcrofteslane, 19. 

Of Mark and Blackford, 115. 

To Pyfford's Bridge, 313. 

" Pyyth Causey," 244. 

In " Stanwykmersshe, " 189. 

Of Street and Sowey, 228, 367, 372, 

39i. 

Highways 

Of Butleigh and Wootton, 271. 
At N. Cadbury, 349. 
Stanbridge to Worle, 381. 
Taunton to " Blakbroke bridge," 

300. 

At Wedmore, 115. 
King's Ways 

Of Street and Sowey, 228. 

Of Taunton and Bathpole, 288. 

" Tilardisplace to Pyfford Water," 

288. 
Ways 

At Dowlishford, 345. 
To Estrope, 91. 
At Kingsbury, 91. 
From Kewardsbridge, 91. 
At Mark, 115. 
At Uphill, 339. 



Jfttttqr t&mim . 



425 



Roads, bequests towards continued : 
Ways continued : 

Clyst to Newton Poppleford, 54. 

Binder to Wells, 91. 

Wells to Woky, 91. 

By Gore Hedge, 266. 

By Hamelonde, 1 19. 

By Hock Aller, 119. 

Called "Cokkeslake,"63. 

Called " Conynglane," 62. 
To " badde weyes," 244. 
To " feble weyes," 242. 
Rogations, 203. 
Rosary, 87, 251. 
Rosyn, 26. 

Sacristan, 6, 88, 304. 

Salt, 57. 

Salter, 184. 

Satisfaction of injured persons, 4, 69, 196, 

197, 198, 200, 201, 243, 401, 402, 404. 
Scholars, exhibition of, 206, 263, 291, 

308, 352, 375. 

"to fynde to scole," 166, 292. 

Seals, 16, 23, 141, 219. 

of Archdeaconry of Bath, 27$. 

of Convent of B.V.M. (Tarrant), 

219. 

of Convent of Cerne, 280. 

pontifical, 207. 

Sermons, memorial, 201. 

Serpentine, 118, 309. 

Servants, bequests to, passim. 

clothes to, 45, 146, 206, 251, 301, 

318. 

house to, 177. 

livery to, 141. 

pension to, 177. 

provision while rinding service, 37, 

191, 206. 
Services : 

Of the B.V.M., Chard, 286. 

Of St. Katherine, Chard, 286. 

Of the B.V.M., Chedzoy, 398. 

Of the High Cross, Taunton, 281, 
299, 313, 321, 353, 379, 388, 394- 

Of the Sepulchre, Taunton, 281, 299, 
313, 32i, 353, 379, 388, 394- 

Of the B.V.M., St. James's, 

Taunton, 392. 
Sexton, 363. 



Sheepfold, 91. 

Sheriff, 196. 

Shop, 343, 344, 353. 

Smith, 390. 

Souls for whom testator was bound to 

pray, 23, 75, 92, 97, 147, 148, 156, 

240, 249, 253, 273. 
Sponsor, 355. 

" Spytelhous," 91, 182, 255. 
Steel, vessel of, 365. 
Sterling (money), 113. 
Store (staurum), 15, 226, 265, 279, 288, 

3'9, 38o, 397- 
St. Cuthburga, 124. 
St. Petronilla, 104. 
SS. Processus and Martinianus, 69. 
St. Sonday, 245. 

Subdeacon, 186, 189, 202, 203, 204, 205. 
" Sublimatio," 315 , 355. 
Suffragia, 88, 91. 

Tablecloths, 32, 56, 90, 91, 232, 275, 

400. 

Tabularii, 6, 88, 153 n. 
Tanner, 194. 
Tapers : 
To be made, 5, 56, 68, 90, 155, 209, 

210, 273, 297, 341, 401. 
" Amydwardes the candels," 209. 
To burn before images, 17, 259, 278. 
To burn before the Sacrament, 210. 
Carried by poor at funerals, 6, 27, 33, 

89, 239, 273, 341. 
Left to churches, 239. 
" Not to be quenched openly," 209. 
Taunton : 

Church of St. Mary Magdalen 
The two services in, 281, 299, 313, 

321, 353, 379, 388, 394- 
Building of the tower, 279, 288, 298, 

313, 32i, 353, 379- 

Church of St. James 

Service of B.V.M. , 392. 
Tenants, bequests to, 10, 23, 38, 66, 69, 

401. 

Tenebrse, service of, 209. 
Tenements, passim. 
called "Lee Yerne House " 

(Wincanton), 397. 

Persevals (Tickenham), 350. 

Tilard's place (Taunton), 288. 

3 i 



426 



Testators : 

About to journey, 82, 226, 258. 

Abroad, 85, 86, 87. 

On a journey, 100. 
Throne, pontifical, 203. 
Timber, 34. 
Tithes forgotten, passim. 

" left behynde," 209, 298. 

withdrawn, 126. 

wrongly made, 30, 31, 64, 74. 

Tombs: 

Of Bishop Ralph, 40. 

Of Bishop Robert, 307. 

Of John Camel, 271 n. 

" Chapel over bones," 303. 

With "closet of iron bars," 146. 

Closing of, 5, 

Effigies on, 93, 145, 146. 

A goodly, 257. 

To be made honourable, 327. 

" Marbel tumbe," 228 n. 

In Wells Cathedral, 230 n. 
Tombstones : 

" Flat playne stone," 68, 401. 

" Lapis de Marbill," 93. 

" Stones of Coscombe," 95. 
Torches, 68, 100, 155, 259, 297, 335, 339, 

394, 398, 400, 401. 
to burn " in Missa," 98. 

carried by poor at funerals, 62, 

74, 239, 273, 281, 286, 300, 341, 

345- 

left to churches, 239, 273, 329, 

342. 

little, 100. 

" Torvys " for the poor, 91. 

Towel, 23, 28, 52, 66, 91, 100, 144, 323, 

384, 389- 

Treasuries of gilds, 184. 
Trental, passim. 
Trental-day, 155, 204, 341, 342, 345, 

347, 357- 
Trental of St. Gregory, 28, 65 , 75, 135, 

220, 368, 404. 
Tucker, 311, 344, 369, 388. 
"Tyle" paving, 145. 

Utensils : 
Household, &c., 116, 250, 267, 283, 

285, 302, 335. 
Fire, 301. 



Andirons, 294, 302. 

Broches, 29, 302, 322. 

Brondire, 29. 

Chetell, 365. 

Crooks, 29, 302, 390. 

"Crook of 4 gallons, "389. 

Hooks, 302. 

Lafin, 29. 

Racks, 136, 302. 

Spits, 40, 136, 144, 263, 294, 404. 

Valet (valectus), 206. 
Vespers, 170. 

de die, 95. 

de Sancta Maria, 95. 

Vessels: 

Of brass, 3, 144. 

Of electrum, 37. 

Of iron, 144. 

Of lead, 78, 138, 143, 255, 350. 

Of pewter, 94, 250. 

Pewter, "garnish of," 331, 332, 404. 

Pewter, "dosyn pollys of," 322. 

Of stone, 144. 

Of tin, 67, 144, 263. 

Of wood, 144. 

" Garnesshed," 94. 

For oil, 101, 255. 

Basins, 18, 27, 32, 38, 56, 70, 87, 132, 
136, 178, 185, 250, 321. 

a " barbyng," 226 n. 

of laton, 42, 297. 

Bowls, 1 8, 52, 70, 294. 

" Cauderyn," 179, 390. 

Chafer, 322 n. 

Curskyn, 52 n. 

Dishes, 18, 32, 38, 214,250, 264, 266, 
267, 336, 34i, 371. 

of electrum, 383. 

of pewter, 383. 

Ewers, 18, 27, 32, 38, 56, 70, 87, 132, 
136, 178, 185, 242, 250, 322. 

of berell, 404. 

of laton, 297. 

Layer, 242 n. 

Mortars, 250, 365. 

cum pila ferrea, 16. 

Pans, 37, 40, 56, 70, 94, 101, 131, 171, 
176, 234, 254, 302, 322, 331, 332, 
355. 365, 366, 390, 399, 404- 

de Boleyn, 16. 



427 



Vessels continued : 

Pans, steel, 365. 

Phials (see Cruets), 144. 

Pitcher, 160. 

Plates, 27, 52, 294, 384. 

Platters, 322, 336. 

" Possenet," 94, 365. 

" Potingers," 322. 

Pots, brass, Sue., passim. 

cooking, 250. 

cum curtis tibiis, 1 6. 

Potte du Tene, 29. 

Saucepan, 322 n. 

Saucers, 188, 322. 
Vestments : 

Bequests for, 61, 113, 154, 182, 254, 

329. 

Offering of, 42. 
Pairs of, 38, 68, 72, 91, 138, 154, 315, 

3 1 ?, 333, 367. 
Suits of, 61, 80, 86, 87, 92, 102, 162, 

386. 
For deacon and subdeacon, 186, 189. 

202, 203, 204, 205, 236. 

With apparel, 25, 28, 52, 68, 80, 162. 

" The principal," 81. 

Black, 165, 203. 

Blue, 15, 144, 174, 236,270, 330, 371. 

Green, 66, 144, 187, 204, 205, 270. 

330, 331. 

Red, 42, 175, 187, 328, 330. 
White, 203, 236. 
Of bawdekyn, 330, 331. 
Of bord Alexander, 263 n. 
Of cloth-of-gold, 15, 42, 144, 187, 

328. 

Of damask, 42, 174, 203, 270. 
Of sarcenet, 236 n. 
Of satin, 205. 
Of silk, 187. 
Of tartryne, 144. 
Of teuke, 263. 

Of velvet, 66, 236, 330, 371. 
Of worsted, 124. 
Chasuble, 330, 381, 398. 
Copes, 136, 1 86, 187, 189, 202, 

203, 204, 205, 328, 329, 330, 393, 
398. 

" Frount and Rerefrount," 144. 
Orphreys, 189, 202, 204, 205, 330. 
of feather work, 203. 



Orphreys of " red tyssu," 203. 

Surplice, 15, 98, 214. 

Tunicle, 330, 381, 398. 
Vicars choral, see Wells. 
- perpetual, 246, 337, 360. 
Vineyard, 160. 
"Vynyng, lee," blood of, 396. 



Wales, marche of, 327. 
Wax, 246, 338, 364, 398. 

candles, 276, 400. 

for tapers, 26, 41, 98, 155, 204, 

209, 224, 394. 

lights, 41. 

Weapons : 

" Baselard," 16, 29, 98, 140. 

Bow and arrows, 132, 216. 

Poinard, 27, 174. 

Sword, 12, 29, 141, 189, 216. 

harness for, 216. 

Weaver, 237, 249, 267, 327, 344. 
Wells Cathedral: 

Altarists, 6, 88. 

Altars in, see Altars. 

Annuellarii, 7, 25, 67, 68, 76, 88, 91, 
157, 236, 400. 

Chapter of, 67. 

Choristers, 6, 88, 153, 262, 297, 371. 

Images in, see Images. 

Lights in, 46. 

Sacristan, 6, 88, 304. 

Tabularii, 6, 88, 15372, 296. 

Thesauraria, 97. 

Tombs in 

Of Bishop Ralph, 40. 
Of Bishop Robert, 307. 
Of John Pope, 230 n. 
Of Hugh Sugar, 230 n. 
Of Richard Swan, 230 n. 

Vicars choral, 262, 276, 277, 297, 

298, 370, 371. 
Welsh clerk, 67. 
Welshman, 77. 
Wheche, 401 n. 
Widows, relief of, 182. 
Wincanton, " Lee Yerne House," 397. 
Windows, memorial, 245. 

glass, see Church. 
Wine, 52, 291, 338, 364, 398. 
pipe of, 117, 255, 310. 



428 



Wine, red, 7, 117. 

value of one pipe, 117- 

Woad (gaida), 126 n, 127, 219, 228, 
233. 234, 237, 247, 248, 255, 279, 280, 
288, 295, 310, 313, 314, 322, 347, 
354, 367, 378, 381, 389, 390. 

" balis de wod," 248. 

CC of, 230. 

half a C of, 230. 



Woad, cistern, furnace, &c. , 234, 389. 

vat, 389. 

Wood called Thickthorn, 349. 

growing on estate, 81. 

Wood-knife, 141. 

Wool, 56, 71, 255, 291, 292. 

fleece of, 107. 

" Yoman," 355, 374. 



INDEX NOMINUM. 



A. 

Aberfeld, John, 398 ; Thomas, 398. 

Abraham, John, 398. 

Abre, Agnes, 354 ; Margaret, 354 ; 

William, 354. 
Adam, Agnes, 357 ; James, 357 ; John, 

Io6 > 395 5 Lawrence, 324 ; Richard, 

356, 357; William, 115. 
Adams, Alice, 385 ; Isabel, 395 ; Sir 

John (elk. ), 377 ; Thomas, 234. 
Adde, Isabel, 390 ; Robert, 390. 
Adice, Margery, 358 ; William, 358. 
Alainson, John, 5. 
Alampton, Sir John (elk.), 5, 47, 65, 68, 

94. 

Alberton, Richard, 184. 
Aldston, John, 286. 
Aldyngham, Lord, 82. 
Alee, Joan, 51. 
Alfray, John, 81. 
Algar, Sir John (elk. ), 308. 
Aliston, Thomas, i. 
Allen (Aleyn), John, 228, 338, 358 ; Sir 

John (elk.), 262; Matilda, 338; 

Robert, 338 ; Thomas, 338. 
Allere, Sir Robert (elk.), 104. 
Alstone, Alice, 316 ; John, 316. 
Alton, Humphrey, 154. 
Ambre, William, 392. 
Amesbury, Prioress of, 186. 
Amys, Sir William, 386. 
Andrew (Andrews), John, 46 ; Sir John 

(elk.), 178, 367 ; Reginald, 150 ; 

Richard, 287; William, 338; Sir 

William (elk.), 396. 
Anglesey, John, 166. 
Anise, Sir John (elk. ), 224. 
Antony, Richard, 367. 
Aphowell, John, 339 ; Richard, 367. 
Appulby, Richard, 13. 
Appulton, William, 209. 



Apthomas, William, 141. 

Aquin, Thomas, 94. 

Arderum, William, 84. 

Arnold, Richard, 132. 

Arnott, Alice, 280 ; Richard, 280. 

Arthur, Andrew, 162 ; John (esq.), 

359- 
Arundell, John, 257 ; Katherine, 256, 

257; Robert, 61 ; Thomas (knt.), 

256. 

Arwsmyth, John, 399 ; Thomas, 399. 
Ash (Aissh, Aysshe), Alice, 176; Joan, 

167; John, 168, 176; Sir John (prior), 

279. 
Ashcombe (Asshecombe), Alice, 210; 

Joan, 130, 131; John, 130; Robert, 

130; Thomas, 131, 209; William, 

130 ; Sir William, 210. 
Ashford, John, 350. 
Ashley, John, 211. 
Ashman, William, 190. 
Ashton, Sir William de, 269. 
Ashurst, Thomas, 326. 
Ashwell, John, 112. 
Ashwick (Ayshwyke), John, 37. 
Aaschelock, Thomas, 9. 
Asseby, Robert, 8. 
Athelney, Abbot of, 54, 96, 208, 251, 

277 , 357- 
Atteyate, John, 129. 
Atteheyghes, John, 53. 
Attemill, Richard, 96. 
Attezo, Thomas, 95. 
Attwater, Doctor, 391; Emma, 390; 

Johane, 390; John, 389, 390; 

Richard, 390 ; Sir William, 8. 
Atwell (Attewell), Sir Adam (elk.), 35, 

57, 5 8 > 59. I02 5 Alice > 22 7 ; J an 
228 , 255, 258 ; John, 63 ; Richard, 
227, 228 , 255. 

Atwood, Sir John (elk. ), 65 ; Thomas, 
232. 



43 



;omci-s<:t 



Aunger, Elizabeth, 76 ; Emmota, 76 ; 

Joan, 76 ; Thomas, 76. 
Austell, Emmota, 371 ; John, 370, 372 n ; 

Thomas, 371. 
Austen, Joan, 255. 
Austyn, Joan, 12 ; John, 12. 
Awdeleye, James de, 99. 
Awne, Margaret, 371 ; Margery, 302; 

Thomas, 302, 371. 
Axebrugge, Sir John (elk.), 47> 49> 9 r > 

96. 

Axminster, Sir John (elk.), 96. 
Aynell, Sir John (elk.), 398. 



B. 



Badcock, Sir William (elk.), 383. 

Bageworth, John, 26 ; Robert, 280. 

Baggeley, William, 115. 

Baily, Sir Thomas (elk. ), 337. 

Bake, Rowland, 2. 

Bakehouse, William, 63. 

Baker, Isabella, 238 ; Joan, 345 ; Johane, 

324; John, 173, 179, 190, 312; Sir 

John (elk.), 356; Richard, 244, 304; 

Thomas, 217, 345 ; Walter, 237 ; 

William, 34, 238. 
Bakett, William, 362. 
Baldwyn, Sir John (elk.), 297. 
Baldyng', Thomas, 82. 
Balle, John, 350. 
Balsham, Alice, 156, 173; John, 173; 

William, 155, 173. 
Balshe, John, 383. 
BamfeMe, Peter, 254. 
Baner, William, 242. 
Banewell, John, 34 ; Margery, 34. 
Bannam, William, 159. 
Barber (Barbar), Henry, 349 ; John, 397, 

398 ; Richard, 397. 
Barbone, Thomas, 351. 
Barbour, John, 131, 132 ; Nicholas, 332; 

Richard, 383 ; William, 222. 
Bardolph, John, 77. 
Bargh, Robert, 308. 
Barlinch, Prior of, no. 
Barnhill, Sir John (elk.), 373- 
Baron, Margaret, 210. 
Barowe (Barwe), John, 96; Nicholas, 400. 
Barrett, John, 30, 31, 45, 79, 331, 332. 



Barrow, Prioress of, 7, 47, 

Barstaple, John, 14, 47, 67 ; William, 

33 !> 332. 
Bartlett (Bartelett, Bartelott), Agnes, 

104 ; Edith, 104 ; John, 104, 246 ; 

Thomas, 164; Walter, 104; William, 

32, 104. 

Barton, Thomas, 20, 39, 40. 
Bar tram, William, 190. 
Barynger, John, 244 ; Nicholas, 244. 
Basing, Alice, 287 ; Edward, 287 ; 

William, 287. 

Basse, Agnes, 177, 178; William, 367. 
Basset, Agnes, 179. 
Bate, John, 4. 
Batecombe, John, 340. 
Bath, Alice, 161 ; John, 13, 14, 399, 

400 ; Thomas, 15. 
Bath (city of), Archdeacon of, 215, 

277 n ; Master of St. Mary Magdalen, 

214 ; Mayor of, 79 ; Prior of, 50, 100, 

161, 214, 241, 269, 270, 342 ; Sub- 
prior of, 241. 
Bath and Wells, Bishops of, 40, 118, 144, 

202, 206, 238, 263, 277 n, 307, 309, 

362 n. (See Wells. ) 
Batson, John, 190. 

Batte, John, 57 ; Sir John (elk.), 282. 
Batyne, Sir John (elk.), 139, 143. 
Bavyn, Thomas, 234. 
Baw, Sir William (elk.), 19, 20. 
Bays, Alice, 161. 
Bayworth, John, 70. 
Beauchamp, Lady Elisabeth, 29 ; Bishop, 

268 n. 

Beaufitz, Margery, 78. 
Beauford, Henry (cardinal), 153. 
Beaumont, Viscount de, 193. 
Beausant, Isabella, 36 ; John, 35 ; Robert, 

36. 

Beche, John, 34, 35. 
Beck, Thomas (bishop), 331 n. 
Beckington (Bekenton, &c.), John, 96; 

Sir Thomas de (bishop), 202, 203, 

277 n. 

Bedford, Duke of, 327, 329 n. 
Bedill, John, 172. 
Beele, Richard, 265 ; William, 283, 289, 

300, 311. 

Beerdon, William, 69, 402. 
Beke, John, 155 n. 



fiommum. 



Bekensawe, Roger, 196. 

Bekis, Roger, 356. 

Benike, Nicholas, 225. 

Benne, John, 308. 

Bennett (Benet, Benett), John, 24, 195, 

304 ; Sir John (elk. ), 96, 294 ; William, 

20. 
Beny, Agnes, 101 ; Emmota, 101 ; 

John, 102; William, 101. 
Benyn, Joan, 392. 
Beoff, John, 12, 13, 14. 
BercorrP, John, 141. 
Berde, John, 364. 
Bernard, Agnes, 210; John, 240, 400; 

William, 9. 
Berne, Ralph, 248. 
Bernevyle, Robert, 366. 
Berneys, Ralph, 3. 
Berughulle, Isabella, 58 ; John, 58 ; 

Robert, 58. 

Beruyle, William, 366. 
Eery, Sir Ralph (elk.), 379; Thomas, 367. 
Berye, William, 162. 
Best, Joan, 279 ; John, 279, 280 ; Mar- 
gery, 280 ; Richard, 280, 300. 
Betty, Richard, 180. 
Bevill, John, 225, 232, 267. 
Biggegoode, John, 327. 
Birte, Sir William (elk.), 356. 
Bisham (Berks), Prior of, 176, 271. 
Bishop (Bysshop, Buysshope), Henry, 

313 ; Isabel, 314 ; Isabeth, 379 ; Joan, 

379 ; John, 208, 313, 314, 378, 379 ; 

Robert, 314 ; William, 313, 314, 379. 
Bishoptre, Thomas, 166. 
Blacche, Sir John (elk.), 107. 
Blacked, Sir Thomas (elk.), 352. 
Blagden, John, 236. 
Blake, John, 24. 
Blakedon, John, 370, 391. 
Blakelere, John, 167. 
Blawer, Lucy, 360. 
Blevet, John, 149. 
Blondell, James, 217. 
Blower, Christina, 281 ; John, 281 ; 

Thomas, 281, 282. 
Blythe, John, 8 ; Thomas, 75. 
Bochelle, William, 145, 146. 
Bocher, William, 355. 
Bodenham, Sir Americ (elk.), 266. 
Bodestrant, John, 374. 



Bodman, John, 93. 

Bodmin, Prior of, 148. 

Bokett, William, 297, 298, 383. 

Bokyngton, John, 92. 

Bole, Agnes, 320 ; Alice, 385 ; Henry, 

319; John, 75, 320, 386; Richard, 

320. 
Boler, Elisabeth, 364, 365, 366 ; Johane, 

365- 
Bolne, Joan, 81 ; Richard, 81, 82 ; 

Walter, 81, 82. 
Borne, John, 358. 
Boron, Sir William (elk.), 47- 
Borton, Doctor, 245. 
Bothy, Richard, 229. 
Botiller, Robert, 297. 
Botreaux, Elisabeth de, 51 ; Margaret de, 

51 ; William, Lord de, 50, 51, 242. 
Botry, George de, 217. 
Bouer, John, 390, 391 ; Robert, 390. 
Bougent, John, 258 ; Margaret, 258 ; 

Thomas, 258. 
Boughe, Robert, 309. 
Bount, John, n; Margaret, 12, 13; 

Roger, 12, 13 ; Thomas, 12, 13. 
Bowe, John, 63. 
Bowlle, John, 113. 
Bo wring, Joan, 385. 
Boys, Henry, 176. 
Bradeford, John, 8. 
Bradenstoke, Prior of, 5. 
Bradewell, Adam, 24. 
Bradman, Robert, 327. 
Brankescombe, Margaret, 52 ; Richard, 

5 2 - 
Braunche, John, 312 ; William, 347, 

348. 

Bray, Henry, 163. 
Brayles, John, 217 ; Simon, 217. 
Breacyn, Sir Cornelius (elk.), 396. 
Brekebeke, John, 404. 
Bremerr, Sir Matthew (elk.), 47. 
Bremmor, Prior of, 265. 
Brendwood, Margaret, 184. 
Brent, Thomas, 97. 
Brette, William, no, 127. 
Brice, Richard, 3. 
Bridgwater, Master of Hospital of St. 

John, 19, 43, 142, 157, 194, 403; 

Mayor of, 311 ; Prior of Friars, 274; 

Warden of Friars Minors, 233, 403. 



432 



Bridham, John, 64. 

Bristol (city of), Mayor of, 13, 69; Prior 

of Friars, 241, 274,374. 
Bristowe, John, 185. 
Brocas, Humphrey, 153. 
Brodey, John, 214. 
Broke, Alice, 336 ; Johane, 69, 402 ; 

John, 335, 336, 375 ; Margaret, 336 ; 

Richard, 336 ; Thomas, 68, 401 ; Sir 

Thomas (knt.), 152 n. 
Brokeway, Alice, 312 ; John, 312. 
Brokworth, Margery, 32. 
Bromehale, Thomas, 207. 
Brommor, Sir Robert (elk.), 266. 
Brooke, Sir Thomas, 336. 
Broughton, Thomas, 82. 
Browderer, William, 190. 
Brown (Broun, Browyn, &c.), Edmund, 

225; Elisabeth, 295; Emmota, 371; 

Isabella, 169, 295, 296 ; Joan, 304 ; 

John, 8, 163, 169, 295 ; Katherine, 

295 ; Richard, 46 ; Robert, 49, 295 ; 

Thomas, 132, 209, 295, 371. 
Browning, Alice, 314 ; William, 196, 

391- 

Brut, John, 57. 
Bruton, John, 109 ; Master of, 92 ; Prior 

of, 71, 87, 91, 93, 131, 132, 369; 

Richard, 8, 87, 89, 92. 
Brwer, John, 54. 
Bryan n, John, 167. 
Bryghtlampton, William, 35. 
Brygon, Dionysia, 130; John, 128, 129, 

130; William, 129. 
Brymmore, Alice, 348 ; John, 348. 
Bubwith, Nicholas (bishop), 118 , 206. 
Buckfastleigh, Abbot of, 148. 
Buckland (Bokelonde, Buklond), John, 

270, 274, 275; Prioress of, 9, 369, 

378, 403 ; Ralph, 336 ; Richard, 118 ; 

Thomas, 13. 
Bulbek, John, 334, 356. 
Bull, Richard, 320. 
Bullock, Richard, 108 ; Stephen, 297. 
Bultyng, John, 161. 
Burdon, Alison, 116; Denys, 115 ; John, 

99, 116; Richard, 115, 116. 
Burges, William, 310, 311. 
Burgh, Agnes, 95 ; John, 95 ; Sir Robert 

(elk.), 5, 47, 49, 68, 76, 87, 92, 

107. 



Burley, Isabella, 61, 62, 66; Richard, 

301. 

Burnard, Isabel, 388 ; John, 388. 
Burnell, Agnes, 291 ; Alice, 291 ; Henry, 

Esq., 290, 293; Isabell, 291, 293; 

Jane, 291 ; John, 291, 292 ; Lord, 7 ; 

Margaret, 291 ; Peter, 291 ; Richard, 

390 ; William, 292. 
Burney, John, 67. 
Burt, Robert, 63. 
Burton, Agnes, 281, 282; Alice, 282; 

Isabella, 150; Joan, 150; Philip, 150; 

Reginald, 1 50 ; Richard, 280. 
Bury, John, 51, 52. 
Buryman, John, 147. 
Bushe, Symond, 312. 
Bustell, Thomas, 338. 
Butler, John, 350, 368. 
Butfi, Thomas de, 153 ; William de, 153. 
Byccombe, Richard, 29 ; Robert, 366. 
Byce, Thomas, 315. 
Byconell, John, 256, 257 ; Sir John (knt.), 

274, 275. 
Byett, John, 393. 
Bygge, Sir Richard (elk.), 44. 
Byggyng, Sir William de (elk.), 223. 
Byllyng, Alice, 30 ; Sir John (elk. ), 2. 
Byngham, Thomas de, 8, 65. 
Byrkill, Thomas, 170. 
Bythesee, Richard, 308. 
By ton, John, 79. 



Cable, Dionysia, 34 ; Joan, 33 ; John, 
33; Julian, 33, 34; Lucy, 33, 34; 
Thomas, 34. 

Cade, Johanne, 381. 

Calcott, Joan, 237 ; John, 237. 

Caldbek, John, 360 n. 

Cambe, Nicholas, 214. 

Cammell, Alice, 175 ; Anne, 176; Edith, 
176; Joan, 176; John, 175, 176, 177, 
270, 271 , 358 n, 372; Robert, 176, 
271 n ; Sybil, 271, 372 ; William, 175, 
176. 

Cannings, William, 185. 

Cannington, Prioress of, 28, 363, 365, 
404. 

Canon, Joan, 107 ; Ralph, 10, 52, 55, 
67, 107. 



L* ftotmrium. 



433 



Canonbaker, John, 119. 
Canonleigh, Abbess of, 360, 404. 
Canterbury, Abbot of St. Augustine's, 

269; Archbishops of, 3, 8, 42, 46; 

John, 12. 

Cantlowe, Sir John (prior), 342, 355. 
Cantwell, Adam, 12; Sir John (elk.), 

229. 
Carent, Alice, 23, 212 n ; John, 211, 

212 ; Margaret, 144 ; Margery, 23 ; 

Nicholas, 211, 212; William, 22, 23, 

24, 132, 144, 145, 146, 180, 211, 212, 

240. 
Carew, Mercy, 81 ; Nicholas, 81, 82; 

Thomas, 123. 

Carpenter, John, Il6; Thomas, 63. 
Carswell, Joan, 107 ; Robert, 107. 
Carter, Agnes, 295 ; Isota, 340 ; John, 

340 ; Robert, 45, 295, 399, 400 ; 

Thomasia, 45, 399; William, 45, 50, 

340, 399- 

Carvebone, Sir Michael (elk.), 86. 
Gary, Hugh, 405. 

Case, Edith, 318; John, 318; Mary, 
18; Richard, 318; Thomas, 318; 



318; Richard, 318; 
William, 317. 
ateleyne, William, 67. 



Cateleyne, 

Gateway, Joan, 96 ; Thomas, 96. 

Cayl, Thomas, 23, 24. 

Caylly, Edith, 54. 

Caynell, Edith, 174 (see Kaynell). 

Cerne, Abbot of, 280; John, 317; Sir 

John (elk.), 222. 
Chafie, John, 378. 
Chamber, William, 36, 138. 
Chamberlain, John, 171 ; Thomas, 190, 

258. 

Champernon, Sir Richard (elk.), 404. 
Champion, Alice, 324 ; Edmund, 324 ; 

Thomas, 324 ; William, 348. 
Champneys, Ann, 389 ; Isabel, 389 ; 

Johane, 343, 389 ; Richard, 389 ; 

Thomas, 389, 391 ; William, 342, 

344- 
Chancellor, Agnes, 228 ; Alexander, 228 ; 

Edith, 282, 342; Isabel, 343, 344; 

Johan, 342; John, 282, 342, 343; Sir 

John (elk.), 344 ; Margaret, 342 ; 

Margery, 343; Richard, 342, 344; 

Robert, 343 ; Thomas, 282, 320, 341, 

344 ; William, 343. 



Chapman (Chepman), John, 395 ; Sir 

Stephen (elk.), 140; Thomas, 173; 

William, 73. 

Chaundler, Sir John (elk.), 305. 
Chaunt, William, 231. 
Chauntemerle, Alice, 84; Walter, 84. 
Chedder (Cheddre), Isabella, 151 ; Joan, 

151 ; Robert, 69, 151 ; Thomas, 151. 
Cheil, Walter, 21. 
Chelsey, John, 5. 
Chelyngton, John, 72. 
Cherne, John, 73. 
Chesfylde, Sir Philip (elk.), 106. 
Chew, Sir Thomas (elk.), 214. 
Cheyne, John, 196. 
Childe, Julian, 355 ; Richard, 356 ; 

Thomas, 236, 356 ; William, 235. 
Chinnore, Joan, 149, 150; John, 150; 

Matilda, 150 ; Thomas, 149. 
Chippeleigh, Alice, 20, 21 ; John, 20; 

Robert, 20 ; William, 20, 21. 
Chocke (Chokk, Chokke), Edmund, 331, 

332; Elisabeth, 241, 242, 274, 275, 

305 ; Henry, 269 ; Joan, 269, 270 ; 

Johane, 240, 241, 242; John, 240, 

241, 242, 243, 269, 270, 273, 306; 

Sir John (knt.), 331, 346, 359, 374; 

Lucy, 269; Margaret, 240, 241, 242, 

243,244; Nicholas (knt.), 331, 332; 

Richard, 240, 241, 242, 243, 269, 

274, 275 ; Sir Richard (knt.), 211, 238, 

243, 244, 245 ; Seymour, 241 ; Thomas, 

241, 242, 243, 267, 270 , 273, 275 ; 

William, 240, 243, 269. 
Churcheward, Sir John (elk.), 32. 
Cirencester, Abbot of, 108, 200. 
Clark (Clarke), John, 287 ; Thomas, 353, 

388. 

Clavelleslay (Claveslesley), John, 298. , 
Clavyshay, John, 208. 
Cleeve, Abbot of, 158, 178. 
Clement, John, 246. 
Clere, Agnes, 184 ; Margaret, 184 ; 

Thomas, 184. 
Clerk (Clerke), Isabel, 73, 344 5 John, 

73, 2 36, 338, 3445 Richard, 73; 

Robert, 73 ; Sir Robert (elk.), 168 ; 

Stephen, 19; Walter, 54; William, 

241, 312. 

Cleve, Richard, 31 ; William, 158, 159. 
Clevedone, John, 134. 

3 K 



434 

Cliff (Clyff, Clyffe), Sir John (elk.), 154 ; 

Sir Thomas (elk.), 237 ; William, 185 ; 

Sir William (elk. ), 333, 377. 
Clifton, Sir William, 275. 
Clipwell, John, 255. 
Clive, Agnes, 127 ; William, 125. 
Clivelode, William, 321. 
Cloppe, Alice, 286 ; Isabella, 286 ; Joan, 

286 ; John, 285 ; Margaret, 286 ; 

Thomas, 286 ; William, 286. 
Cloune, John, 21. 
Clous, Richard, 94. 
Clynton, Lord, 197, 198, 201. 
Cock (Cocks), Isabel, 306 ; John, 305, 

Codeforde, John, 85. 
Cogan, Agnes, 55, 393; Joan, 316; 
John, 55, 405 ; Thomas, 283, 293 ; 
William, 316. 

Coke (Cokes), Alice, 57; Christopher, 
227 ; John, 137, 263 ; Sir Robert 
(elk. ), 360 ; Thomas, 4, 244. 
Cokhull, John, 95. 

Cole, Agnes, 163 ; Alice, 163 ; John, 
23, 115, 128, 130; Richard, 163; 
Robert, 163 ; Sir Robert (elk.), 360. 
Coleforde, Sir John (elk.), 9. 
Colesborne, William, 57, 59. 
Coleyn, William, 255, 326. 
Collis, Nicholas, 195, 251, 262. 
Colman, William, 16. 
Colomstoke, Sir John de (elk.), 128. 
Colson, Thomas, 310 n. 
Colyn (Colyns, Colynges), Andrew, 304 ; 
Sir John (elk.), 294; Robert, 304; 
William, 288. 
Combe, John, 214 ; Sir John (elk.), 277, 

279; Julian, 215. 
Compton, John, 248, 249; Mariona, 

248; Thomas. 249, 253, 344, 366. 
Cook (Cooke), Alice, 184 ; Henry, 149 ; 
John, 54, 118; Richard, 327; Simon, 
8 1 ; Thomas, 263, 264 ; William, 
190. 

Cope, William, 279. 
Coper, John, 366 ; Philippa, 366. 
Copleston, John, 149. 
Copperstone, Thomas, 154. 
Coquina, John de, 153. 
Cordewente, Henry, 109 ; Joan, 109, 
124. 



Core, Alice, 322, 323. 

Corke (Corff), William, 85, 86. 

Corleston, John, 82. 

Cornecke, Sir John (elk.), 348. 

Cornish, John, 385. 

Cornour, Joan, 31. 

Cornwallis, John, 150. 

Cornwayl, Henry de, 61. 

Corps, John, 67. 

Corydon, Agnes, 138. 

Cosham, Sir John (prior), 87. 

Costerell, John, 228. 

Cosyn, Thomas, 19, 38, 219. 

Cotebold, John, 103. 

Coulyng, Alice, 71. 

Courtney (Cortenay), John, 142 ; Mar- 
garet de, 50, 52, 169 ; William, 
169. 

Cowper, John, 308, 309; Sir William, 
282. 

Cras (Craas), Edith, 127; James, 34, 
102, in, 135; Julian, 127; Matthew, 
1 1 ; Robert, 80 ; Thomas, 127 ; Walter, 
127. 

Craste, Alice, 322, 323; Johane, 322; 
Thomas, 322. 

Craynarde, Joan, 369 ; John, 369. 

Crede, Alice, 114; Sir John (elk.), 65. 

Credy, Adam, 115; Joan, 116; John, 
115, 1 16 ; Richard, 115 ; Thomas, 

US- 

Cree, Thomas, 253. 

Cressy, Sir William (elk.), 2. 

Crick, Walter, 99. 

Cricklade, Thomas, 121. 

Croke, Richard, 247, 248. 

Cross (Crose), Agnes, 360; John, 147, 

368; Sir John (elk.), 28; William, 

276. 
Crossley (Crosley, Corsley), Edward, 

377 ; Helen, 377 ; Kerry, 377 ; John, 

377; Richard, 377; Thomas, 267, 

377- 

Crowe, Thomas, 29. 
Cubball, William, 176. 
Cupper, John, 253 ; Philippa, 249. 
Curtis (Curteys), Edward, 8, 64 ; Robert, 

336. 

Cutler, Margery, 323. 
Cutter, Nicholas, 366. 
Cutteryne, Sir John (elk.), 176. 



flominum. 



435 



D. 



Dacre, Hugh, 315 n. 

Dalbard, John, 217. 

Dale, Johane, 344; John, 326. 

Damelett, Hugh, 224. 

Damesele, Matilda, n ; Ralph, n. 

Daniel (Daniell, Danyel), John, 175 ; 

William, 184, 218. 
Danwelle, William, 180. 
Daubeney, Sir Giles (knt.), 4, 256, 276, 

348 ; Eleanor, 4 ; Elisabeth, 4 ; Joan, 

4 ; Lord, 274 ; Margaret, 4, 5 ; 

Matilda, 4 ; Thomas, 4 ; William, 5. 
Daunce, Thomas, 209. 
Daungun, Jordan, 57. 
Davy, Joan, 195 ; John, 194, 195, 264, 

332 ; Matilda, 195 ; Sir Thomas (elk.), 

33 1 - 

Dawstone, Joan, 392 ; William, 392. 
Daysshell, Alice, 315; John, 314. 
Deke, Sir Richard (elk.), 309. 
Dekyn, Agnes, 222 ; Alianore, 221 ; 

Alice, 222 ; Ede, 222 ; Johane, 222 ; 

John, 221 ; Richard, 221. 
Denby, John, 331. 
Dene, Joan, 316 ; John, 316. 
Denis, Jenyn, 245 ; William, 245. 
Dent, Alice, 308; William, 137. 
Deran, John, 79. 
Dernford, John, 12. 
Devill, Joan, 327 ; John, 327. 
Devonshire, Earl of, 200, 201. 
Dewe, Nicholas, 104. 
Dey (Deye), Agnes, 54 ; John, 20, 54 ; 

Sir John (elk. }, 69, 402. 
Deyman, Elys, 141. 
Diket, Richard, 98. 
Dissham (Dyssum, Dissufn), Nicholas, 

265, 279, 288, 298, 314, 321, 324, 

353, 379, 388, 394- 
Dodyngton, John, 397. 
Dolman, Thomas, 159. 
Dolyng, Agnes, 299 ; Harry, 229 ; 

Isabel, 299 ; Johane, 299 ; Margaret, 

299 ; Maud, 300 ; Thomas, 299 ; 

Walter, 298. 
Donnyll, Alice, 51 ; John, 51 ; Richard, 

51, 52. 
Donoff, Robert, 305, 307, 324, 338, 351, 

358, 377, 378, 380, 383, 386. 



Doo, William, 354. 

Dorchestre, William, 60. 

Dome, John, 2. 

Dorset, Sheriff of, 208. 

Dove, John, 285. 

Downe (Doun, Down), John, n ; Sir 

William (elk.), 265, 281. 
Dowrigge, Margaret, 166. 
Draycote, John, 121, 122. 
Drayton, Richard, 8, 46, 48, 49, 67; 

Thomas, 67 ; William, 123 ; Sir 

William (elk.), 184. 
Drende, John, 57. 
Drew, John, 246; Thomas, 190; Sir 

William (elk.), 270, 275. 
Drokensford, Bishop, 362 n. 
Drove, John, 355 ; Richard, 355. 
Duke, Edith, 40 ; John, 57. 
Dulcynge, John, 37. 
Dultyng, Agnes, 359; John, 37; Thomas, 

2i5> 2 43- 
Dunkerton, Henry, 102 ; Katherine, 

102. 

Dunkswell, Abbot of, 148. 
Dunster, Prior of, 95. 
Dyar (Dyer), Alexander, 396 ; Johane, 

394, 395 J John, 63, 75, 382, 383, 394, 

396, 3975 Sir John (elk.), 383; 

Margaret, 394, 395; Margery, 63; 

Richard, 382, 383, 397- 
Dynham, Charles, 257 ; Jane, 257 ; Lord, 

257 ; Roger, 257. 
Dynt, John, 383. 



E. 



Ede, Eleanor, 348 ; Thomas, 348 ; 

William, 348. 

Edington, Prior of, 186, 193. 
Edmund (Bp. and Confessor), 68. 
Edmunds, Joan, 251 ; John, 358, 359. 
Edward, Thomas, 320. 

E gge, J, hn , 358- 

Eggenen', John, 71. 

Egill, Richard, 340. 

Elderton, Robert, 190. 

Eliot, Sir John (elk.), 351 William, 

383. 

Elis, John, 237 ; Margaret, 237. 
Ellyswordy, Richard, 304. 



436 



omt**t 



Elmer, John, 206. 

Elunham, Elisabeth, 81. 

Elvington, John, 280. 

Ely, Abbess of monastery, 268 n\ 

Bishop of, 257. 
Emlyn, John, 234. 
Emwell, Thomas, 375. 
Eode, Eleanor, 280; Joan, 280; John, 

280 ; Robert, 280 ; Sybil, 280. 
Erghum, Ralph, 40, 95. 
Erlby, John, 4. 
Erleghe, Lady Isabella, 112. 
Estcourt, John, 73, 78, 102, 106, 107, 

405- 
Eston, Joan, 265 ; Sir John, 265 ; 

John, 265, 353, 354, 388 ; Margaret, 

265, 266 ; Richard, 265 ; Walter, 

264. 

Estyngton, Sir Richard (elk.), 354, 355. 
Evan, John, 308 ; Sir John (elk. ), 366 ; 

William, 304. 
Everard, John, 405. 
Excestre, William, 75. 
Exeter, Bishop of, 141 ; Canon of, 4 ; 

Master of St. John's Hospital, 148 ; 

Warden of Friars, 201. 
Exhyl, John, 312. 

Eyre, Katherine, 195 ; Thomas, 194. 
Eyton, John, 33. 



F. 



Face, Nicholas, 47. 

Fammell, John, 141. 

Farawey, Joan, 66. 

Faryngton, John, 149, 150. 

Faukes, John, 117. 

Fauntderoy, John, 122. 

Fawey, John, 122. 

Fawsill, John, 190. 

Felawe, William, 46 ; Thomas, 47. 

Felice, William, 355. 

Fenbridge, Richard, 13. 

Ferawe, Matilda, 387. 

Ferby, Isabella, 138. 

Fermour, Thomas, 87. 

Ferreys, William, 358. 

Terror (Fero r , Ferrour), John, 190; Sir 

John (elk.), 36; Richard, 10. 
Fice, Thomas, 354. 



Fisher (Fyssher, Fysshar), John, 162 ; 

Luke, 22 ; Thomas, 299, 300. 
Fisherton, Prior of, 187. 
Fishwick, John, 34. 
Fitz, Lucy, 372. 
Fitzhide, John, 404. 
Fitz-James, Dr., 293; John, 340, 359, 

397, 398; Richard (bishop), 359; 

Sir Robert (elk.), 106; Thomas, 319, 

320, 349. 

Fitz-Watereyn, Lady, 318. 
Flemmyng, Thomas, 228. 
Floure, Thomas, 312. 
Fluett, Joan, 355 ; Richard, 354. 
Fonderay, John, 72. 
Fonne (Foune), Arnold, 3. 
Fontell, John, 98, 99. 
Forbour, John, 118. 



Ford(e), Abbot of, 123; Edmund, 135; 
Walter, 183; William, 183. 



John, 183; Sir John (elk. 



Forest, John, 152, 155; Nicholas, 216; 

Thomas, 153, 155. 
Fors, Richard, 184. 
Forster, Agnes, 183, 185 ; John, 183, 

185 ; Richard, 127 ; Robert, 185 ; 

Stephen, 127, 181, 185; Thomas, 183. 
Fortescu (Forscu), John (knt.), 149, 151, 

193. 

Foruntell, John, 74. 
Fountain (Fonteyn), John, 362; Sir 

Walter (elk.), 294. 
Fowey, Henry, 122. 
Fox(e), Johan, 344 ; Sir John (elk.), 277, 

282, 371 ; William, 344. 
Francis (Fraunces), John, 154; Thomas, 

57- 

Frank, John, 175. 
Franklin, Alice, 160, 161 ; John, 160, 

161 ; Thomas, 160, 161. 
Frensh, John, 248. 
Fridelok, John, 359. 
Frome, John, 34 ; Nicholas, 175 ; 

Thomas, 98. 
Frouett, John, 96. 
Frowyk, Harry, 166 ; .John, 165; 

Thomas, 166. 
Frox, Julian, 13. 
Frye (Freye), Nicholas, 63 ; Richard, 373 ; 

Thomas, 372 ; Walter, 373 ; William, 

1 1 6, 209. 



Jlomtnum, 



437 



Fulbroke, William, 176. 
Fulford, William, 151, 164. 
Furbor, Thomas, 34. 
Fydnam, John, 343. 

Fytchett, Joan, 283 ; Roger, 283 ; 
Thomas, 283 ; Walter, 283. 



G. 



Gaffard, William, 174. 

Gage, John, 272. 

Galewey, Thomas, 75. 

Gane, John, 95. 

Garcet, John, 331. 

Garde, Thomas, 84. 

Gardiner, Henry, 292 ; John, 166 ; Sir 

John, 154; William, 233, 234. 
Garett, John, 349. 
Garslade, John, 37 ; Thomas, 38. 
Garth, Hugh, 378. 
Gascoigne, William, 70, 94. 
Gaskyn, Edith, 178. 
Gauter, John, 112. 
Gawler, Sir John (elk. ), 348, 349. 
Gawter, Richard, 231, 232. 
Gay, Sir John (elk.), 47 
Gebon, Robert, 114. 
Geele, Thomas, 302. 
Geffray, Agnes, 265 ; James, 265 ; John, 

265 ; Margaret, 265 ; Thomas, 265. 
Geffreys, John, 305. 
Gente, John, 114. 
George, John (abbot), 277 n, 357 n ; 

William, 77. 
Gerard, Edith, 179; Elisabeth, 179; 

Joan, 179; John, 179; Robert, 179; 

Thomas, 179. 
German, John, 149. 
Germen, Sir John, 162. 
Gerneseye, John, 2. 
Gibbons, Roger, 231 ; John, 344. 
Gibbs (Gybbis, Gibbes), Cristiana, 341 ; 

John, 101, 1 02, 341 ; Richard, 341 ; 

William, 101. 
Gilbert (Gilberd, Gylbert), Anthony, 385; 

Cristiana, 168 ; Henry, 376 ; Sir 

Henry (elk.), 77 ; John, 19, 168, 376 ; 

Jone, 377 ; Margaret, 376 ; Robert, 

37 6 , 377 5 Thomas, 166 ; William, 168. 
Gildover, Richard, 196. 



Giles, John, 114; William, 209. 

Gilman, John, 100. 

Glasier, Isabel, 323. 

Glastonbury, Abbot of, 7, 96, 137, 175, 

176, 199, 201, 241, 255, 270, 276, 

382 ; Prior of, 241. 
Glene, Richard (prior), 208, 279 n. 
Gloucester, Hugh, 228 ; Humphrey, 

Duke of, 206 ; Sir John (elk. ), 34. 
Glover, Avice, 399, 400 ; Roger, 399 ; 

William, 218. 

Godde, Andrew, 207 ; Margaret, 207. 
Goddisgrace, Sir Robert (elk.), 285. 
Godering, Robert, 78. 
Godhym, Sir John (elk. ), 387. 
Godwin, John, 145, 146. 
Godyhold, Walter, 341. 
Goffe, Nicholas, 201. 
Golde, William, 354. 
Golderiche, Thomas, 298. 
Goldington, William, 4. 
Goldsmith, Richard, 96. 
Goldwege, Thomas, 302, 362. 
Gole, Emota, 36 ; Robert, 36. 
Golst, John, 276. 
Colston, Christopher, 161. 
Gonny, Edith, 66. 
Goodford, John, 118. 
Goodman, Margery, 227 ; Thomas, 325 ; 

William, 227. 
Googhe, Morgan, 42. 
Goolding, Ellen, 170; Hugh, 169, 170; 

Roger, 169. 

Goosee, Thomas, 167, 170. 
Gore, Robert, 77. 
Gornay, Sir Thomas (elk.), 36. 
Goron, Adam, 96. 
Gosmere, John, 176. 
Gough, David, 389. 
Gould, John, 57, 162; Sir John (elk.), 

162. 

Goundenham, John, 19. 
Gourde, Sir John (elk. ), 287. 
Gouvyn, Nicholas, 366. 
Green (Grene), Agnes, 104, 108, 122, 

123, 154; Cecilia, 349, 350; John, 

39, 57, 109, 154; Sir John (elk.), 

34 ; Richard, 349 ; William, 108, 109, 

122, 124. 
Gregory, Amice, 132, 171 ; Eleanor, 

131 ; John, 131, 162. 



OTtllS. 



Grevylle, Edward, 140 ; Isabella, 142 ; 

Mary, 141 ; Richard, 141. 
Grey, Joan, 130; John, 332; Margery, 

113; Richard, 128; Robert, 113; 

Thomas, 130. 

Greynlawe, Sir William (elk.), 286. 
Greyston, Thomas, 149. 
Grobham, Richard, 195. 
Grocere, John, 8. 
Groos, Agnes, 25, 26, 27 ; Joan, 27 ; 

John, 26, 27 ; Richard, 25, 26, 27. 
Gryffyth, Thomas, 308, 309. 
Grylby, John, 54. 
Grype, John, 87. 
Guby, John, 136. 
Guidonis, Bernardus (Bishop), 94. 
Gunner, John, 344. 
Gunter, David, 392. 
Gunthorp, John, 301, 347, 361 n. 
Gunwyn, Thomas, 326, 391, 395. 
Guynhero, Tristram, 83. 
Gyburhale, Thomas, 185. 
Gyffard (Gyfford), John, 151 ; Stephen, 

108 ; Thomas, 153 ; William, 244, 

245- 

Gylbys, Ellen, 77. 
Gyllys, John, 17. 
Gyseby, Elias, 103. 



H. 



Habbe, William, 383. 

Haberfelde, Thomas, 246. 

Hacklet (Haclet, Hakelett), Thomas, 

337, 36o, 375- 
Hadlam, 269. 
Hake, Henry, 200. 
Hakeluyt, Agnes, 66; Leonard (knt.),6i, 

62, 66 ; Margaret, 61, 62, 66 ; Thomas, 

61. 

Hakyer, Richard, 159. 
Halce, John, 347, 348. 
Hall, Agnes, 174 ; Nicholas, 174, 175 ; 

Richard, 128; Thomas, 174. 
Halley, John, 359. 
Hals, John, 117. 
Halsanger, Sir John, 130. 
Hamelethe, Lord of, 186. 
Hamelyn, Adam, 310; Isabel, 310, 311 ; 

John, 310, 311. 



Hamme, Nigel, 16, 72 ; Sir Walter (elk.), 

7, 10- 
Hampine, Sir William (Walter) (elk.), 

64, 74. 
Hampton, John, 242; Sir John (elk.), 

95, 262, 264 ; Nicholas, 406. 
Hanap, Simon, 69 n. 
Hance, John, 390. 
Hancock, John, 195. 
Hanham, Simon, 69 n. 
Hankford, Christina, 208 n ; Sir Richard 

(knt.), 208 n ; William, 42, 53, 54. 
Hanynfelde, William, 150. 
Hanyys, Edith, 102. 
Harbelk, Thomas, 334. 
Harberd, Alice, III. 
Harcley, Richard, 163. 
Hardiberd, Sir John (elk.). 373. 
Harding, Nicholas, 15. 
Hardor, John, 70. 
Harlowe, John, 356. 
Harper, Charles, 304. 
Harris (Harrise, Harries, Harrys), Sir 

John (elk.), 266; Nicholas, 252; 

Richard, 395 ; William, 395. 
llarsrygge, William, 31. 
Harvy, Agnes, 389; Humphrey, 389, 

391 ; John, 389 ; Richard, 389. 
Harward, John, 79. 
Huryngton, Elisabeth, 82 ; John de (knt.), 

82 ; Lady de, 404. 
Haselle, Thomas, 142. 
Haslade, John, 284 ; Richard, 284 ; 

Thomas, 284. 
Hasting, William, 62. 
Hatton, Richard, 362. 
Haversam, William, 13. 
Hawker, Cecilia, 345; John, 345; 

Richard, 345. 
Hawkins, John, 380 ; William, 327, 366, 

381. 

Hawley, John, 359. 
Hawsok, William, 190. 
Hay, John, 357. 
Haydor, Henry, 229. 
Haylis, Robert, 2, 3. 
Haym, John, 112. 
Hayne, Agnes, 312 ; Sir Henry, 178, 179 ; 

John, 173, 283, 311. 
Haynes, William, 320. 
Hayward, Thomas, 54. 



ffomtmtm. 



439 



Healleway, John, 54. 
Hegham, Simon, 8l. 
Helweys (Helwys), Hugh, 136 ; Sir 

William (elk.), 184. 
Hende, Thomas, 153, 155. 
Hendeman, Agnes, 32. 
Hendy, Robert, 391. 
Henry VII, King of England, 329 n. 
Henton, William, 143. 
Hereford, John, 93. 
Herford, Sir John (elk.), 126. 
H erne, John, 172; Thomas, 172. 
Hersowe, Philip, 162. 
Hert (Herte), Agnes, 66; Isabella, 371 ; 

Sir John (elk.), 28 ; Richard, 61, 66 ; 

William, 337. 
.Hertipoll (Hertylpole), John, 117, 135; 

Richard, 117; Robert, 136. 
Hervie, John, 351. 
Heryng, William, 8. " 
Hesking, John, 344. 
Hethe, John, 132. 
Hewysse, John, 215. 
Hexton, Thomas, 271. 
Heyford, Sir William (elk.), 45. 
Heyghes, John atte, 53. 
Heyron, John, 287, 323, 383 ; Sir John, 

383- 

Heyryk, Henry, 150. 
Heytesbury, Lord of, 143, 186. 
Hicks, Agnes, 360 ; John, 359 ; Robert, 

359 > William, 359. 
Higgins (Hygyns), Joan, 251 ; William, 

251. 

Hikely, Thomas, 370. 
Hill (Hille, Hylle), Elizabeth, 404 ; John, 

159, 173, 233, 246, 247, 249, 325, 

404 ; Sir John (elk.), 229, 230, 264 ; 

Ralph, 404 ; Robert, 403 ; Stephen, 

233 ; Thomasina, 233, 234, 246, 247 ; 

William, 279, 322, 324. 
Hillary, Joan, 163 ; John, 173 ; Walter, 

163. 

Hillman, Thomas, 253 ; William, 252. 
Hilton, Thomas, 278, 279. 
Hinton Charterhouse, Prior of, 5, 7, 

186, 218, 253, 261, 343. 
Hobbs, Edward, 397 ; John, 176, 397. 
Hobyet, Lawrence, 285. 
Hochyn, Edith, 237 ; Joan, 237 ; John, 

237 ; Sir Richard, 237. 



Hodde, Joan, 125 ; Nicholas, 125. 
Hodgkin (Hogekyn), John, 344. 
Hodgkins (Hoggekyns), Joan, 167 ; 

William, 166. 
Hody, Alexander, 137, 143 ; John, 38, 

52, 62 (see Hoody). 
Hogges, John, 358; Thomas, 274; 

William, 154, 267. 
Holdych, Isabel, 125. 
Holes, Andrew, 213. 
Holland (Holand, Holond, Hullond), 

Agnes, 141 ; Isota, 141 ; John, 117, 

141; Katherine, 141; Roger, 303; 

Thomas, 141. 
Holman, Hugh, 228. 
Holme, Geoffrey, 154. 
Holte, Humphrey, 381. 
Holwey, Thomas, 349. 
Homan, Edith, 56 ; Walter, 56. 
Homer (Hommere), Richard, 285 ; 

William, 60. 
Hornet, Lord of, 143. 
Honeford, Roger, 21. 
Hoody, Reginald, 366; Sir William 

(knt.), 318, 362, 382. 
Hooke, John, 391, 395. 
Hooper (Hoper, Hopere), Abraham, 193, 

194; Thomas, 176, 288; Sir William 

(elk.), 47, 139. 
Hopkins, John, 274, 275. 
Hoppe, John, 112. 
Hore, Joan, 22 ; John, 184 ; Thomas, 8, 

22. 

Horewood, John, 74, 75 ; Margery, 75 ; 

Thomas, 75. 
Horci, Alice, 23. 
Horn, John, 100. 
Horner, John, 62. 
Horsford, William, 3. 
Horton, Thomas, 351. 
Horwelle, John, 222; Thomas, 221. 
Horyknolle, John, 95. 
Hostiler, William, 343. 
Hosyer, Isabel, 400 ; William, 400. 
Hounslow, John, 304. 
Housewife, Matilda, 149 ; Richard, 149. 
Howell, Joan, 367 ; John ap, 339 ; 

Richard ap, 367 ; William, 367. 
Hows, Thomas, 259. 
Huby, Sir Robert (elk.), 286. 
Huglet, John, 40. 



440 

Hugyn, Elisabeth, 303 ; Joan, 303 ; 

John, 303 ; Walter, 303 ; William, 66. 

Hulle, Lady Alianore, 404 ; Richard, 

159- 

Hullok, Alice, 172 ; Joan, 172. 

Hummer, Alice, 304. 

Hungerford, Arnold, 190, 193 ; Edmund 
(knt.), 189 ; Katherine, 189; Margaret, 
187, 188, 191, 192, 193; Mary, 190, 
193 ; Robert (knt.), Lord of, 186, 188, 
189, 191, 193; Thomas, 189; Walter, 
Lord, 143, 189, 191 ; William, 193. 

Hunnyng, Richard, 118. 

Hunte, William, 149. 

Huntley, John, 329. 

Hurde, John, 63. 

Hurdyng, Alice, 29 ; Thomas, 2O, 21. 

Hurner, Robert, 232. 

Hutchins (Huchins, Howchyns), John, 
337 ; Sir Edward (elk.), 312, 348, 349. 

Huth, Alice, 8 ; Juliana, 8. 

Huyssh, Agnes, 364, 365. 

Hych, Alice, 71 ; John, 71 ; Matilda, 71. 

Hyde, Agnes, 9 ; John atte, 9. 

Hygecock, John, 45. 

Hymerford, Joan, 396 ; John, 396. 

Hyne, John, 63. 

Hynkeley, Thomas, 390, 391. 

Hythe, Juliana, 65. 

Hywet, John, 56. 

Hywode, Isabella, 230; Joan, 231; 
John, 230 ; Richard, 230 ; Thomas, 
230. 

Hyworth, Agnes, 98 ; Matilda, 98, 99 ; 
Thomas, 98, 99 ; William, 98. 



lewe, John, 29 ; William, 29. 
Ilchester, Prior of friars at, 274. 
Ilmynstre, Sir Walter (elk.), 123 ; 
William, 123. 



Imbroke, William, 345, 381. 
Inge, Agnes, 347 ; Joan, 347. 
Inhyne, Adam, 48. 



Inge, Agnes, 347 
Inhyne, Adam, 4 
losue, Thomas, 362. 



J. 

Jacobe, Martin, 139. 
Jakeman, John, 112. 
(ames, Henry, 228 ; John, 37. 



Jankyn, William, 332. 

Janyn, John, 50. 

Jauncy, Thomas, 62. 

Jenes, Agnes, 337 ; John, 336 ; Juliana, 

336. 

Jennyng, John, 385, 386. 
Jenyco, Agnes, 391 ; William, 391. 
Jew, John, 29, 156 ; William, 29. 
Jobe, Joan, 247 ; Nicholas, 247, 248. 
John (Johns), David, 390 ; John, 325 ; 

William, 331, 332. 
Joner', John, 353. 
Jones (Jone, Jonys), Elias, 8 ; John, 130; 

Sir William (elk.), 338, 340, 381. 
Julian, Sir William (elk.), 166. 
Justices, King's, 149, 193, 211, 238. 
Juyn, William, 326. 



K. 



Katherine, Queen of England, 327, 329 n. 
Kayleway, Agnes, 219; Alice, 219; 

Joan, 219; John, 218, 219; William, 

218, 219. 
Kayll, Agnes, no; Richard, 109; 

William, no. 
Kaynell, Edith, 174; Edward, 174; 

John, 179 ; Robert, 174 ; William, 174. 
Keake, John, 89. 
Kedill, Sir John (elk.), 374. 
Kelly, Alice, 278; Nicholas, 371; 

William, 278, 279. 
Kelshull, William, 150. 
Kemp, Joan, 115; John, 115; Nicholas, 

114; Robert, 115. 
Kemys, John, 331, 332. 
Ken, John, 15 ; Robert, 16 (see Kenne). 
Kendale, John, 196, 198, 201, 233, 234, 

246. 
Kene, Agnes, 209 ; Anthony, 209 ; 

Bridget, 209 ; Cecilia, 209 ; Edith, 

209; Elisabeth, 209; Emayn, 209; 

George, 209 ; Hugh, 92, 94, 209 ; 

James, 209 ; John, 209 ; Nicholas, 209 ; 

William, 176, 208, 209. 
Kenne, Elisabeth, 272, 375 ; John, 375 ; 

Thomas, 375. 
Kent, William, 294. 
Kentwode, Reginald, 93, 97. 
Kenyam, Edmund, 40. 



llomfnum. 



441 



Kepe, Thomas, 142. 

Kerver, Joan, 184 ; William, 184, 185. 

Key, Joan, 393 ; John, 393 ; Petronilla, 

393 ; Thomas, 393 ; William, 393. 
Keynes (Keynys), John, 73, 146 ; 

Thomas, 359. 
Keynsham, Abbots of, 97, 240, 241, 328, 

343 ; Prior of, 241. 
King (Kyng, Kynge), Joan, 214; John, 

330.369; Robert, 340; Thomas, 173. 
King's Council, Clerk of, 150. 
Kingsbury, John, 3. 
Kingsman, Alice, 164 ; Thomas, 164. 
Kington, Prioress of, 7. 
Kiste, Joan, 387. 
Kittes, Agnes, 176 ; Joan, 176 ; John, 

176, 177. 

Knap, John, 369 ; William, 74. 
Knight, W T illiam, 162, 356. 
Knoyel (Knoill, Knoyle), Joan, 49, 50, 

72 ; Robert, 39, 49 ; Thomas, 19, 49, 

50 n, 72, 211 ; William, 249. 
Knyvalle, Thomas (knt. ), 145. 
Knyvet, John, 331, 332. 
Kokes, Robert, 311. 
Kydell, Christiana, 161 ; John, 161. 
Kydwelly, Morgan, 329. 
Kymber, Richard, 308. 
Kynne, Anne, 375 ; John, 375. 



Lacock, Sir John (elk.), 214; Julian, 

215; Marion, 214; Thomas, 214, 215. 
Lacy, Alice, 234 ; Ellen, 234 ; John, 

I93 2 34 j Simon, 234 ; Thomas, 234. 
Lambert, Sir Richard, 229. 
Lambroke, Elinor, 103; John, 103; 

William, 62. 
Lane, Joan, 326 ; John, 326 ; Margaret, 

326 ; Stephen, 326 ; Thomas, 60. 
Laneman, William, 326. 
Lang(e), Robert, 118; William, 138. 
Langford, Thomas, 190. 
Langley, John, 244. 
Langport, Richard, 286. 
Langthorn, Adam, 39; Sir John (elk.), 

72. 
Larder, Margery, 250; Thomas, 249; 

William, 250. 
Larkesboke, Geoffrey, 47. 



Lasty, John, 301. 

Latham (Lathum), Ralph, 282 ; Thomas, 

280, 322, 324. 
Latyn, Joan, 237. 
La vernier, Abel, 150. 
Lawrence (Laueranz, Laurence), John, 

26, 57. 

Layty, Richard, 164. 
Lecford, William, 190. 
Lechlade, Sir Robert de, 96. 
Legge, Andrew, 20. 

Leicester (Leycetir), Sir John (elk.), 78. 
Lemman, Nicholas, 315. 
Lenge, John, 390, 391. 
Lenham, John, 180. 
Lepton, Leonard, 326. 
Leste, Nicholas, 339. 
Leversedge, Edmund, 69 ; Richard, 70 ; 

Robert, 70. 
Leweston, Jone, 376. 
Lewis, John, 164; Sir Thomas (elk.), 

340. 

Leyborne, Margery, 278. 
Leye (Lye), Alice, 246; John, 39, 40; 

Thomas, u. 

Lichfield, John, 138, 139; Richard, 215. 
Lisle, Sir John de (knt), 152. 
Lite, Edith, 358 (see Lyte). 
Liveden, Joan, 73 ; Richard, 73, 74. 
Llandaff, Bishop of, 362 ; Canon of, I. 
Lloyd (Lloide), John, 331. 
Loches, Vincent, 18. 
Lodeve (Languedoc), Bishop of, 94 n. 
Lofman, Sir John (elk.), 277. 
London, Abbot of St. Mary de Graciis, 

149 ; Master of St. Katherine's 

Hospital, 149, 204 ; Prior of Carthu- 
sian Order, 85, 135, 223 ; Sir Richard 

(elk.), 266. 

Lone, William, 133, 134. 
Long(e), John, 137 ; Robert, 190 ; Sir 

William (elk.), 371. 
Lorcy, John, 123. 
Loryng, John, 2IO; Philip, 57; Sybil, 

210. 

Lottesham, John, 176,177, 256. 
Loueny, Alison, 390; John, 21. 
Lougher 9 , David, 232. 
Love, Alison, 353 ; Isabel, 353 ; John, 

97, 353 ; Philip* 352 ; Richard, 354 ; 

Watkin, 353 ; William, 353. 

3 L 



442 



Luccombe, Lord of, 177. 

Ludwell, Amice, 377. 

Luffenam, John, 108. 

Lutterel, Sir Hugh (knt.), 405. 

Lydford, John, 156. 

Lyffe, Sir Hugh (elk.), 169 ; William, 169. 

Lylyle, John, 15. 

Lyndefeld, John, 112, 113, 117, 120, 

121, 125, 130, 134, 135, 137, 139, 

143, 146, 147. 
Lyndenyssch, Ancelin, 56 ; John, 56 ; 

Robert, 56. 

Lyndraper, Custance, 95. 
Lynham, Robert, 2. 
Lynlond, Sir John, n. 
Lynne, William, 4. 
Lyrbeke, John, 162. 
Lyte, Agnes, 124, 125 ; Edmund, 124. 

M. 

Machyn, Richard, 349. 

Madeley, John, 331, 332. 

Mader, Sir Richard (elk. ), 308 , 356. 

Magotte, William, 139, 143. 

Maiewe, Joan, 346 ; Walter, 346. 

Mainell, Isabella, 39 ; Joan, 39 ; John, 

39 ; William, 39. 
Makerell, Thomas, 163. 
Malett, Lady Joan, 404. 
Maleyn (Malyn), John, 30, 31. 
Malle, Stephen, 103. 
Manciple, Robert, 13. 
Maningford, Joan, 19; John, 19. 
Manning, Geoffrey, 154. 
Mansion, Joan, 160 ; John, 397 ; Ralph, 

159- 

Marchant, Richard, 71. 
Mareyn, John, 61 
Mark, John, 317; Richard, 317; Thomas, 

177, 317. 

Markham, Robert, 222. 
Marlborough, Gregory, 125. 
Marlys, Robergea, 105. 
Marshall (Marchal, Marchell), John, 68 ; 

Sir John (elk.), 400; Richard, 126; 

Thomas, u, 326. 
Marston, Henry, 331, 332. 
Martin, Anastasia, 141 ; Richard, 141, 

142, 388; Sir Thomas (elk.), 92, 96; 

Walter, 246. 



Marton, Alice, 297 ; William, 217. 

Mary, Sir Henry (elk.), 86. 

Mary on, William, 36. 

Mascay, John, 47. 

Maseland, William, 190. 

Maskell, John, 131. 

Mason, William, 267. 

Mathewe, John, 274 ; Margaret, 274 ; 

Thomas, 274. 

May(e), Thomas, 40 ; William, 286. 
Maydeman, John, 190. 
Mayho (Mayhoo, Mayhowe), Edith, 325 ; 

Simon, 285 ; Thomas, 325, 330. 
MayF, Thomas, 151. 
Mawdeley, John, 390, 391. 
Melborne, John, 185 ; Margaret, 185. 
Mells (Mellys), Roger, 47. 
Menyman, Sir John (elk. ), 264, 298. 
Menyve?, Walter, 8. 
Mercer, Alexander, 136. 
Meriell, John, 336. 
Merock, Thomas, 190. 
Mershe, Thomas, 207, 262. 
Merston, John, 77; Sir Thomas (elk.), 

101. 

Mervyn, John, 190, 192, 193. 
Merwode, Joan, 53 ; Walter, 53. 
Mery, Ralph, 97. 
Meryfield, Alice, 232 ; Isota, 232 ; 

John, 65, 227, 232; Matilda, 65; 

Nicholas, 232. 
Meryman, Richard, 383. 
Messenger, Henry, 108, 122. 
Mesurer, Christina, 281 ; Dionisius, 280 ; 

William, 280, 281. 
Mewe, Henry, 347. 
Mey, John, 123; William, 175. 
Micheldever, Edith, 63 ; John, 62, 63 ; 

Thomas, 62, 151 ; William, 62. 
Middleton (Medelton), Christopher, 388, 

39 1 > 396 ; Leonard, 244 ; William, 

190. 

Midwinter, John, 341. 
Miles (Mylys, Milis), John, 349 ; Sir 

John, 36 ; Thomas, 103 ; William, 225. 
Mill (Mil, Mile, Mylle), Richard atte, 

96; Thomas, 41. 
Milner, Richard, 268 n. 
Milton, Walter, 104. 
Milward, Gregory, 132 ; John, 132 ; 

Thomas, 383; Walter, 131. 



fiomtnum. 



443 



Mockford, John, 142. 

Moddeslyghe, John, 246. 

Mohun, Lord de, 2. 

Molde, Sir Richard (elk.), 35, 59. 

Moleyns (Molens), Adam, 150; Giles, 
133 ; Lord, 188, 189, 191, 192, 193 ; 
Margery, 312 ; Matilda, 133 ; Nicholas, 
133 ; Robert, 133, 159, 312; Thomas, 

133- 

Molland, Robert, 278. 
Mone, John, 210; Sir Walter (elk.), 47, 

49, 65. 

Monke, John, 312. 
Montacute, Prior of, 148. 
Montague, Alice, 384; William, 384. 
Moore, Bartram, 190; John, 227, 295, 

347 ; Nicholas, 10 ; Roger, 296 ; 

Thomas, 185. 
More, Agnes, 304 ; Thomas, 304 ; 

Cristiane, 323 ; Joan, 304 ; John, 159 ; 

Nicholas, 8 ; Otho, 302 ; William, 

322, 323- 

Morell, Thomas, 14. 
Morford, Cristiane, 323. 
Morgan, Elisabeth, 28 ; Sir Henry (elk. ), 

385 ; Robert, 29 ; Sir Thomas a, 

274. 
Morris (Moris, Mores, Morys, Morice, 

Moryse), Ellen, 331 ; John, 331, 387 ; 

Sir John, 350 ; Richard, 222 ; Roger, 

348 ; Thomas, 298 ; Sir Walter (elk.), 

334, 337, 356, 359, 360, 374, 375- 
Mors, Robert, 395. 
Morsilk, Sir William (elk.), 251. 
Motyn, Peter, 251. 
Moune, Patrick, 29. 
Moygne, Thomas, 16, 17. 
Muchelney, Abbot of, 87, 109, 123, 124; 

Prior of, 122, 196, 197. 
Mudeford, Joan, 250, 251 ; Thomas, 

251. 

Mulakyn, Zanobius, 159. 
Mulward, George, 171. 
Mychell, John, 291, 405. 
Mylcent, William, 229. 
Mysent, William, 229. 

N. 

Nede, Edith, 103 ; John, 103. 
Neder, Robert, 296. 



Nele, Thomas, 282. 

Neth, Custancia, 44 ; Nicholas, 43. 

Netherway, John, 351. 

Nethway, William, 314. 

Nevill (Nevyle), John, 72. 

Newenham, Abbot of, 148. 

Newman, Agnes, 227 ; Alice, 251 ; 
John, 73, 141 ; Sir John, 354. 

Newton, Anne, 337 ; Elisabeth (Kenne), 
272; Isabella, 151, 152, 272, 337, 
374, 375 ; Joan, 337 ; John, 375 ; Sir 
John (knt.), 151, 152, 245, 272, 374; 
Nicholas, 272, 337, 375 ; Richard, 272, 
375 ; Thomas, 272, 337, 375 ; Walter, 
272 ; William, 123, 124. 

Nicholas, Henry, no. 

Nicoll, John, 332. 

Noble, Agnes, 64 ; Joan, 64 ; John, 64 ; 
Margery, 64 ; Robert, 64 ; William, 

63- 

Nolton, John, 212. 

Nony, Thomas, 65. 

Norman, John, 190. 

Norris, William, 331. 

Norse, Agnes, 175. 

Northfolk, John, 33. 

Northmore, Janyn, 71 ; Joan, 71 ; John, 

70 ; William, 70, 71. 
Norton, John, 35 ; Sir John (elk.), 30, 

3 1 - 

Norwich, Bishops of, 309 n, 316 n. 
Nycke, Nicholas, 301 ; Richard (bishop), 
3 01 , 39, 3 J 5, 3 l6 J William, 315. 



O. 



Obryght, Peter, loo. 

Offord, William, 93. 

Ogafi, Philip, 392 ; Richard, 392, 

Okeley, Sir Thomas (elk.), 329. 

Oldemixon, William, 335, 339. 

Oliver, Nicholas, 54. 

Olun, Hugh, 94 ; John, 94. 

Olym, William, 96. 

Orchard, John, 29 ; Sir Thomas (elk.), 

258, 264, 336. 
Orgrave, John, 138. 
Ormesby, Arthur, 184 ; Edith, 184. 
Orteys, Nicholas, 145. 



444 



Osbarn (Osberne), Joan, 116; John, 

116; Henry, 116; Richard, 59; 

Robert, 190. 

Osborne, Sir Edward (elk. ), 69, 402. 
Ostelere, John, HI. 
Otery, Richard, 29. 
Overey, Eleanor, 307 ; Isabel, 308, 309 ; 

Peter, 308; Robert, 307, 308, 309; 

Thomas, 307, 309 n, 310 n. 
Overton, Stephen, 82. 
Oxford, Lincoln College, Rector of, 

155 5 Vine Hall, Principal of, 

213 n. 



P. 



Page, Robert, 367. 

Paget, William, 190. 

Paitewyn (Peytwyn), Florence, 340 ; 

John, 396. 

Palington, Thomas, 171. 
Palle (Pali), Christine, 78 ; John, 251. 
Palmer, Sir John (elk.), 388; Stephen, 

271. 
Panes (Panys), Christina, 126, 127 ; 

John, 8, 340 ; Richard, 126. 
Panter, David, 308 ; William, 275. 
Parant (Parent), John, 61, 66. 
Parelle, John, 133. 
Paris (Pareys, Parys), John, 311 ; 

Walter, 162, 163. 
Parke, John, 326. 
Parker, Barnabie, 216; John, 118; 

Robert, 287. 
Parson, John, 78. 
Passeware, John, 38, 39, 77 ; Robert, 

39- 

Patehulle, William, 19. 
Paulet, William, 60. 
Pauncefote (Paunssfote), Henry, 254 ; 

Mary, 254 ; Walter, 216, 253, 254 ; 

Walter (knt.), 253. 
Pavely, Richard, 59. 
Pavy, Hugh (bishop), 330. 
Pawle, Sir William (elk.), 337. 
Payne, Agnes, 335 ; Elisabeth, 335 ; 

Emma, 333 ; Henry, 333 ; John, 334, 

335 ; Richard, 333 ; Robert, 285, 333 ; 

Stephen, 285; Thomas, 305, 335; 

Walter, 333 ; William, 122, 146, 147. 



Peacock, Sir Richard (elk. ), 62, 67. 
Peers (Pers), John, 100, 192, 193 ; 

Thomas, 190. 
Pemberton, Robert, 362. 
Pembroke, Earl of, 327, 329 n. 
Pennard, Thomas, 47. 
Penre, John, 332. 
Penryn(g), John, 48, 67. 
Pensford, William, 13, 14. 
Penthlyne, John, 121. 
Perche, John, 6, 8, 10, n, 19, 22, 

60. 
Percival (Ferseval, Parceval), Ralph, 69, 

402 ; Sir Robert (elk. ), 39 ; Roger, 

272 ; Thomas, 262. 
Perham, John, 124. 
Perman, Thomas, 215. 
Person(e), John, 101, 119, 120, 147, 

357 ; Stephen, 101. 
Pery (Perys), Agnes, 210; John, 57, 80 ; 

Thomas, 210 ; William, 350. 
Petertone, John, 158, 159. 
Pewterer, Agnes, 354 ; Margaret, 354 ; 

William, 354. 
Philip (Phelipp), Ralph, 40; Sir Robert 

(elk.), 246; (Sir) Thomas (elk.), 246, 

247, 248. 

Phillips, John, 269 ; William, 40. 
Pike, Alice, 384; John, 384, 385, 386 ; 

^Robert, 385 ; Sir William (elk.), 384. 
Pille, Joan, 172. 
Pinne," Robert, 18. 
Pirry, Christian, 395. 
Pistrina, John de, 153. 
Pitman, William, 349. 
Pitt, William, 344. 
Plumleye, Alice, 406 ; John, 406 ; 

Richard, 405 ; Thomas, 406. 
Plusshe, John, in, 112; Thomas, in ; 

Sir Thomas (elk.), 112. 
Plympton, Prior of, 148. 
Pochet, John, 159, 
Pochyn, John, 12, 14. 
Pokington, Sir William (elk.), 38,47,65, 

68, 76. 

Polayn, William, 59. 
Pole, Alice, 359 ; Thomas, 105. 
Pollard, Geoffrey, 66. 
Polslo, Prioress of, 148 ; nun of, 29. 
Pomefeld, Roger, 308. 
Poole, John, 374. 



fiomtnum. 



445 



Pope, Agnes, 385 ; John, 27, 207, 229, 

230 n, 388 ; Peter, 214 ; Stephen, 

385, 386; Sir William (elk.), 229. 
Popham, John, 388 ; Richard, 365. 
Porke, John, 30, 31. 
Porter, Joan, 176 ; John, 177, 383 ; 

Thomas, 332; William, 71, 176. 
Portman, Walter, 147. 
Potham, Walter, 405. 
Potkyn, William, 320, 324, 337, 346, 

348, 352, 356, 3 68 > 370, 388. 
Poulet, Eleanor, 220 ; John, 220 ; 

William, 93. 
Poulton, Richard, 108. 
Powton, William, 293. 
Poynings, Sir Robert, Lord of, 82. 
Predy (Pridie), Walbrand de, 96 ; Sir 

William (elk.), 65, 76. 
Preston, John, 218 ; Sir John (elk.), 

348. - 
Pride, Isabella, 270, 271; John, 176; 

Thomas, 176. 
Priest (Freest, Prest), John, 292, 350, 

351 ; Margery, 32; Nicholas, 32. 
Prince, William, 333. 
Prowet, Alexander, 159, 160. 
Prudde, John, 315. 
Pryccher, Sir John (elk.), 36. 
Pryket, Joan, 57 ; John, 57. 
Puddesey, Richard (lent.), 386. 
Puller, Alice, 225 ; John, 225. 
Pulvercroft, Robert, 297. 
Punter, Thomas, 63. 
Purs, Sir William (elk.), 95. 
Puxwell (Poxwell), Elisabeth, 340; 

Humphrey, 339 ; Nicholas, 340 ; 

William, 335, 340. 
Pyke, Hugh, 44 ; Isabella, 44. 
Pyle, Bartholomew, 53, 54; Robert, 

23- 
Pym, John, 357, 358 ; Roger, 194; 

Thomasine, 294. 
Pynny, John, 286. 
Pyttes, Nicholas, 243. 



Q- 



Quyk, Thomas, 147. 



R. 



Rabysworthy, John, 141. 

Raleghe, Joan, 147 ; Simon, 146. 

Raly, Sir Thomas, 97. 

Redhead, Thomas, 115. 

Reding, Sir Walter (elk.), 336. 

Reede, John, 374, 382. 

Rendale, Johanne, 373. 

Revell, John, 287. 

Reynold(s), John, 97; Sir John (elk.), 

86, 118; Thomas, 280; William, 

312. 

Reynon, Joan, 66 (see Ruynon). 
Ricard, John, 162. 
Richards, John, 332 ; William, 377. 
Riche, John, 236; Sir John (elk.), 180; 

Sir Richard (elk.), 180. 
Richmond, Earl of, 328. 
Ridleris, Joan, 125. 
Roant, John, 184. 
Robert, Nicholas, 137. 
Robins, Margaret, 255 ; Robert, 255. 
Robrofc, William, 14. 
Roche, John, 318 ; Sir John (elk.), 248 ; 

William, 318. 
Rochester, Bishop of, 359. 
Rodney, Agnes, 84 ; John, 83 ; Lady 

Margaret, 189 ; Walter, 84. 
Roger, Sir Thomas (elk. ), 325. 
Rogge, John, 114. 
Roley (Roly), Sir John (elk.), 259; 

Thomas, 249. 
Rollar, William, 393. 
Rolston, Henry, 293 n. 
Romsy, John. 112, 113. 
Ronyn, Sir William, 128. 
Roo, Simon, 212. 
Rooke, John, 84. 
Rooley, Joan, 284 ; Margaret, 284, 285 ; 

Thomas, 284, 285. 
Roos(e), John, 397 ; William, 141. 
Roper, John, 313 ; Richard, 58. 
Rosby, John, 301, 302. 
Rosewill, Anastasia, 380 ; John, 380. 
Roucle, John, 133. 
Rowden, Thomas, 390. 
Rowland, Robert, 153. 
Rowley, Thomas, 260. 
Rowper, William, 380. 
Ruddock, John, 64. 



446 



Rugge, Robert, 3. 

Ruggewick, William, 185. 

Ruse, John, 50. 

Russell, Agnes, 247 ; Alice, 350 ; Henry, 

no; Isabel, 350; John, 82, 350, 351 ; 

Stephen, 405 ; William, 248, 350. 
Russelyne, John, 214. 
Ruynon, William, 194. 
Rydeler, John, 45. 
Rydesdale, John, 3. 
Ryke, Richard, 166 ; Thomas, 166 ; 

William, 1 66. 
Rykyer, John, 81. 
Rymour, Alice, 31 ; Joan, 31 ; Richard, 

31 ; Thomas, 30, 
Rynen (Rynon), Margaret, 389 ; Thomas, 

389. 
Ryse, John, 270. 



S. 



Sabcotte, John, 257. 

Sackville (Sakeuyle), Sir Thomas (knt.), 

82. 
Sadler (Sadiller), Margery, 48 ; Philip, 

48 ; Richard, 229. 
St. Aubyn, John, 363, 364. 
St. Bridget, Lord of, 105. 
St. David's, Bishops of, 260, 330, 331 n, 

332 n. 

St. German's, Prior of, 148. 
St. John, Alice, 278 ; Edward, 177 ; 

John, 84; William, 178. 
St. Lo, Alianore, 373 ; Edmund, 371 ; 

Ella, 51 ; Isabel, 374; John, 371 ; Sir 

John de (knt.), 50, 51, 275, 306, 371, 

373 ; Marie, 373 ; Nicholas, 306, 374 ; 

Walter, 371. 
St. Maur, see Seymour. 
Saleway, Sir Richard (elk.), 207, 208. 
Salisbury, Bishops of, 186, 268 n ; 

Chancellor of Cathedral, 213 ; Edith, 

351; Elisabeth, Countess of, 122; 

John, 351. 
Salle, John, 150. 
Salmon, Thomas, 57. 
Salomon, Thomas, g<. 

C 1 T V. 

Saly, John, 4. 

Sambroke, Thomas, 72. 

Sampford, Hugh, 60 ; Margaret, 378. 



Sampson, Edith, 253 ; John, 2, 252 ; 

William, 57. 
Sargar, Anastasia, 290 ; John, 289, 290 ; 

Walter, 289. 
Saunders, John, 264 ; Robert, 293 n ; 

William, 368. 
Savage, John, 30; Sir William (elk.), 

31, 399, 400. 
Scalparte, John, 172. 
Scobahull, Isabel, 152; Robert, 152. 
Scott (Scote), Edith, 176; Joan, 280; 

John, 176, 280; Sir Matthew (elk.), 

96. 

Scrope, Ralph, 315. 
Sebright, Thomas, 292. 
Seele, Richard, 387. 
Selcock, John, 320. 
Selwood, John (abbot), 255, 276 ; John, 

216; Sir John (elk.), 216; Nicholas, 

216; Robert, 216; William, 216. 
Sendale, Agnes, 184. 
Serle, Agnes, 9 ; Sir John (elk. ), 9. 
Serteyn, John, 53 ; Margery, 53. 
Setter, Richard, 65, 66. 
Seve, Robert, 78. 
Sewell (Sewall), Agnes, 32 ; Robert, 32 ; 

William, 32. 
Sexcey, John, 131. 
Sexteyn, John, 100. 
Seymour (St. Maur), Edmund (knt.), 

105 ; Elisabeth, 260 ; Emma, 95 ; Joan, 

106 ; John, 176, 248, 259 ; Lucy, 176 ; 
Margery, 106 ; Philippa, 260; Richard, 
106 ; Sir Richard (knt.), 95 ; Thomas, 
156 ; Sir Thomas (knt.), 260 ; Walter, 
96; William, 260, 331. 

Shaftesbury, Lady Abbess of, 144, 352. 
Shalke, Sir Richard (elk.), 3. 
Sharnell, Joan, 184; John, 184. 
Sharp (Scherp), Joan, 53 ; Walter, 53. 
Sheffield, John, 248, 284. 
Shelford, Agnes, 118; Clemencia, 118; 

Helen, 118; Joan, 118; John, 117, 

118; Katherine, 118; Marion, 118; 

Sir Thomas (elk.), 97, 117. 
Shepherd (Schypurd, Sheparde), Henry, 

97 ; John, 27, 54, 75, 287, 333, 380 ; 

Richard, 381 ; Robert, 381 ; Thomas, 

381 ; William, 381. 
i Shepman, Thomas, 368. 
i Shepton, Lady Elisabeth, 347. 



Jiomfoum. 



447 



Sherborne (Shirborne), Abbot of, 218 ; 

Prior of, 290, 293 ; Robert, 304. 
Sherland (Scherlond), John, 141. 
Shet(e), John, 95, 139, 143. 
Shetford, Peter, 158. 
Shillingford, Baldwin de, 3, 4 ; Joan, 

393 5 J nn de, 3, 44, 149 ; Walter, 

393- 

Shipton, Margaret, 165. 
Shirforde, John, 85 ; Roberga, 85. 
Shoremon, William, 20. 
Shorne, John, 268 n. 
Short(e), Agnes, 51 ; Isabella, 343 ; 

William, 84, 85, 133. 
Shrewsbury, Earl of, 152. 
Silkwoman, Margaret, 65. 
Skinner, Custance, 95 ; Isabella, 83 ; 

Robert, 19, 83 ; Simon, 83 ; William, 

229. 

Stegge, J ohn > 2 4i, 269. 
Slo, Catherine, 47. 
Sloo, William, 46. 
Sly, John, 3. 
Smalcombe, Anne, 304. 
Smert, Christina, 107 ; Florence, 107 ; 

John, 107. 

Smethesende, Richard, 24. 
Smewyne, Robert, 190 ; William, 190. 
Smith, Reynold, 390. 
Smygge, John, 374. 
Smyth(e), Henry, 142 ; Joan, 369; John, 

38,161, 216,366,390; Sir John (elk.), 

44; Philip, 8, 30 ; Richard, 222, 371 ; 

Roger, 77 ; Thomas, 30, 31, 86, 136, 

137, 374 ; Walter, 95, 161 ; William, 

349 ; Sir William (elk.), 159. 
Snelgar, John, 282. 
Snysmore, Sir John (elk.), 227. 
Sodbury, John, 35. 
Sole, John, 359 ; Richard, 359 ; Robert, 

359- 

Somerset, Sheriff of, 208. 
Sopere, Alice, 41 ; Thomas, 41. 
South, Giles, 285. 
Southwode, John, 405. 
Sparhawke, John, 213, 222. 
Sparkes, Alice, 112; John, 112, 113; 

William, 112. 
Sparri, Robert, 122, 124. 
Sparrow (Sparwe, Sperwe), John, 77, 

84, 



Sparwell, John, 254. 
1 Spear, John, 128, 129. 
Speke, John, 280; Master, 318. 
Spekington (Spekenton), William, 276, 

277, 373- 
Spencer (Spenser), John, 109, 112, 113, 

394, 395 5 Thomas, 141 ; William, 
j 243, 298, 391. 
Spicer, Joan, 129. 
Spore, John, 116. 
Squire (Squyer), William, 380. 
Stacy, William, 265. 
Stafford, Humphrey, Lord, 196, 199, 

2OI ; John, 71 ; Richard, 152. 
Stalling (Stalenge, Stallinch), Joan, 233, 

247 ; John, 233, 247, 248 ; Margaret, 

247 ; Thomas, 247. 
Stamford (Stawmpford), Thomas, 77. 
Stanborough, Joan, 320 ; William, 320. 
Stanbridge, John, 173. 
Standewik, John, 372. 
Standich, Sir Thomas (elk.), 121 
Stanfery, Thomas, 30, 31. 
Stanlich, John, 387. 
Stanton (Staunton), John, 241, 269, 274, 

275, 374- 
Stapilton (Stepelton), Leonard, 61, 66, 

140; Margaret, 66; William, 136. 
Starke, Cristiana, 80 ; Dionysia, 80 ; 

Juliana, 80 ; Lucy, 80 ; William, 79, 

80. 
Stavordale, Prior of, 7, 46, in, 131, 

143, 171, 176, 397. 
Stawell, Edward, 386 ; Elisabeth, 386 ; 

Robert, 386 ; Sir Thomas (knt.), 405. 
Stenyng, Agnes, 294 ; Edward, 294 ; 

Leva, 294 ; Maud, 294 ; Robert, 294 ; 

Thomas, 294 ; Thomasine, 294 ; 

William, 294. 

Stere, Elisabeth, 303 ; William, 303. 
Sterk, Lucy, 99. 
Stert, Sir Walter (elk. ), 266. 
Steur, Agnes, 100 ; Nicholas, 57, 100 ; 

Thomas, 100. 
Stevens (Steuenys, Stephens), German, 

105 ; Gervase, 105 ; Joan, 158; John, 

126, 264; Sir John, 264; Lucy, 126; 

Richard, 100, 272, 305 ; Robert, 208 ; 

William, 34, 35, 157. 
Steyner, John, 344 ; Margery, 344. 
Stille, Maud, 339 ; Richard, 339. 



44 8 



OTtlla. 



Stillington, Robert (bishop), 277 w, 307, 

309. 

Stoke, John, 27. 

Stokes, Sir John (elk.), 97, 178, 277 n ; 
Sir Thomas (elk. ), 320. 

Stone, John, 76. 

Stonor, John, 159. 

Stonway, William, 103. 

Store, John, 304. 

Storowe, John, 325. 

Storowr, Edmund, 253. 

Storthwaite, John, 46, 87. 

Stourton, Anastasia, 144 ; Cecilia, 145 ; 
John, 41, 42, 143 ; John (knt.), 144, 
146 ; Katherine, 143, 144 ; Lord de, 
143 ; Margaret, 41, 42 ; Richard, 144, 
145; William, 41, 143, 144, 145, 

Stoutfold, Sir John (elk.), 47. 

Stowell, Sir John (elk.), 222; Robert, 

207,335- 

Stoweye, John, 73. 
Stowrd,. William, 140. 
Straunge, Thomas, 244. 
Street, William, 67. 
Stremynge, Edith, 390. 
Strode, Alice, 382, 400 ; John, 382 ; 

Richard, 382 ; Thomas, 382 ; William, 

382. 
Stubbs, Sir John, 360; Nicholas, 360; 

Richard, 360 ; William, 360. 
Sturgeon, Beatrice, 165 ; John, 165 ; 

Nicholas, 165 ; Richard, 165. 
Sturton (Storton), William, 12, 16. 
Sudbury, John, 93 ; Simon de (archbp.), 

46. 

Sudden, John, 72. 
Sugar, Hugh, 207, 230 , 262, 263, 275, 

277 . 

Sutton, Henry, 254 ; Margaret, 184. 
Swan, Richard, 207, 229, 230 , 261. 
Swayn(e), Joan, 259; John, 359; 

Nicholas, 258 ; William, 393, 398. 
Sydenham, Alexander, 388 ; Alice, 307 ; 

Andrew, 387 ; Christopher, 387 ; 

Eleanor, 307 ; Elisabeth, 363, 364 ; 

George, 378 ; Henry, 10 ; Joan, 145, 

307, 3 6 3> 387 ; John, 215, 216, 307, 

39> 3 6 3 366 ; Margaret, 216; Richard, 

10, 387 ; Simon, 10 ; Thomas, 387 : 

Walter, 215; William, 387. 



Syfyrwast, John, 123. 
Symmys, Elisabeth, 308. 
Symondsburgh, John, 132. 



T. 



Tabo r , Philip, 232. 

Talbot, Joan, 125 ; Simon, 125. 

Tanner, Isabella, 6, 7, 8; John, 36; 

Richard, 36 ; Thomas, 6, 8, 26, 97 ; 

William, 168. 
Tare, Joan, 345. 
Taunton, Archdeacon of, 63, 286 ; Prior 

of, 71, 97, 208, 265, 279, 281, 289, 

298, 299, 300, 313, 321, 352, 356. 
Tavistock, Abbot of, 148, 199, 201. 
Taylor (Tailour, &c.), Alice, 119; 

George, 231 ; Isabella, 31 ; Joan, 119 ; 

John, 30, 31, 119, 345, 378; Richaid, 

31, 216; Thomas, 119, 120; William, 

12, 119. 

Teler, Sir Robert (elk.), 363. 
Tenos, Bishop of, 309 . 
Terre, Robert, 333. 
Terry, John, 37 ; Thomas, 36. 
Test wood, Elisabeth, 60; Isolda, 59; 

John, 59, 60. 
Tewe, John, 190. 
Tewkesbury, John, 73. 
Teye, Robert de, 150. 
Theyn, Thomas, 314. 
Thier, Alice, 381. 
Thomas, Isabella, 178; John, 115; 

William up, 141, 142. 
Thomlyns, David, 305. 
Thorley, John, 233. 
Thornbury, Sir Philip, 142. 
Thorny, Richard, IO. 
Thorp, John, 13. 
Thresshere, Sir Nicholas (elk.), 265, 

379- 

Thretheake, John, 86, 164. 

Thrysk, Robert, 150. 

Thurbarn, Emmota, 334 ; Isabella, 355 ; 
John, 333; Richard, 334; Thomas, 
334 ; William, 334, 355, 356. 

Thurstorp, Walter, 206. 

Thuselburgh, John, 54. 

Toky, Robert, 9. 

Toomer, Alice, 212 n ', Richard, 212 n. 



J^omtnum. 



449 



Torny, Elisabeth, 16, 17; John, 16; 

Walter, 16. 

Torporleigh, William, 54. 
Tower, Sir John, 384. 
Tracy, John, 292. 
Trapinoll, Hugh, 366. 
Trappe, Nicholas, 286, 330, 334, 339, 

340, 362, 390. 
Trayleman, William, 141. 
Tregarthen, Thomas, 256. 
Tregenven (Tregannan), Sir Thomas 

(elk.), 1 80. 

Trent, Abbess of, 219; John, 36. 
Trethek, John, 86, 164. 
Trewe, William, 55. 
Trope, Thomas, 253. 
Tropponell, Thomas, 189. 
Trott, John, 294; Sir Peter (elk.), 

294. 
Trowbridge, Richard, 269 ; William, 

364, 365, 366. 
Trymmer, Alice, 119. 
Tucker (Toker, Towker, Touker), David, 

349; Henry, 32; John, 30, 31, 207; 

Sir John (elk.), 276, 277 ; Juliana, 

78 ; Richard, 349 ; Robert, 78 ; Roger, 

32 ; Thomas, 359. 
Tudor, Edmund, 328 ; Jasper, 327, 329 ; 

Owen, 329 n. 

Turbervill, Agnes, 53 ; Cicely, 52, 53. 
Turke, John, 365. 
Turner, Thomas, 382, 397. 
Turpyn, Sir Walter, 100. 
Tuse, Alexander, 288, 289 ; Joan, 

288, 289 ; John, 288, 289 ; Thomas, 

288. 

Tusse, John, 324. 
Tuttebury, John, 95. 
Twynyho, Alice, 59 ; Christopher, 352 ; 

George, 352; Henry, 34; Joan, 284; 

John, 59 ; Margaret, 346 ; Margery, 

352; Roger, 284, 285, 352; William, 

58, 285, 346. 
Twyte, Sir John, 151. 
Tygtesbury, John, 405. 
Tyke, Sir Richard (elk.), 301, 302. 
Tylar (Tiler), John, 229, 372, 390, 391. 
Tylly, Leonard, 151 ; Thomas, 366; 

Walter, 66. 

Tynt, Joan, 320 ; John, 320. 
Tyntenhulle, Sir John (elk.), 3. 



U. 

Ufcombe, Thomas, 71. 

Ufwell, Richard, 71. 

Ulfeton, John, 192, 193. 

Uppe, John, 95. 

Uppes, Richard, 118. 

Uppington, John, 24. 

Ussher, Ellen, 78 ; Walter, 78. 

Ustwaite, Amy, 362 ; Bridget, 362 ; 

Joan, 361 ; John, 361 ; Robert, 361, 

362 ; Thomas, 361. 



V. 

Vale, Alice, 355. 

Valence, John (bishop), 309 n. 

Veal, Agnes, 325 ; John, 325 ; Thomas, 

325- 

Vele, Robert, 51. 
Venables, Joan, 72 ; John, 71, 72; 

Richard, 72 ; William, 71, 72. 
Vernay, Richard, 392. 
Vicary, Elisabeth, 385. 
Victor, John, 85. 
Vincent, Henry, 266; John, 267; 

Thomas, 267. 
Virgo, Richard, 51. 
Vowell, Margaret, 369, 370; Richard, 

231, 368 ; William, 370. 
Vyning, Alexander, 396, 397 ; John, 

396, 397 ; Richard, 397. 
Vyrly, Thomas, 93. 

W. 

Waborne, Hugh, 306. 

Waddam, William, 159. 

Wade, Thomas, 308, 309. 

Waclham, Edward, 226; Elisabeth, 53, 
226 ; Jane, 226 ; Joan, 52, 54 ; John, 
53, 225, 226, 227, 378; John (knt.), 

52, 55 n ; Margaret, 226 ; Margery. 

53, 226 ; Maude, 52, 53 ; Thomas, 23, 
Walter, 53; William, 53, 226, 257, 
387. 

Walborn (Walbrond), Sir Hugh (elk.); 

245, 269, 275. 
Wale, John, 13, 356 ; Margaret, 13 ; 

Walter, 14. 

3 M 



45 



Waller, Emmota, 319; John, 319. 

Wallis (Waleys), Michael, 20. 

Walrond, John, 199. 

Walsale, Peter, 387. 

Walsh (Walssche), Agnes, 109 ; Alice, 
17 ; Elisabeth, 121 ; Isabel, 190 ; John, 
54, 84, 109, 124, 195; Robert, 120; 
Roger, 17, 113; Sir Roger (elk.), 

350- 

Walshman, John, 364 ; Robert, 387. 
Walshotte, Thomas, 379. 
Walsingham, Joan, 65 ; Thomas, 65. 
Walton, John, 383 ; Thomas, 383. 
Wamperfield, Richard, 360. 
Wansford, Sir John (elk.), 153, 155, 262, 

296. 
Ward, Sir Robert (elk.), 178 ; Sir Walter, 

100 ; William, 269, 274. 
Warem 9 , Walter, 173. 
Warleigh, Henry, 161 ; John, 161. 
Warmyll, Robert, 64. 
Warner, Stephen, 390. 
Warre, Christina, 207, 208 ; Joan, 377 ; 

John, 29, 405 ; John la, 208 ; Richard, 

207, 208, 377 ; Robert, 207, 208. 
Warren (Waryn, Wareyn), Agnes, 67 ; 

John, 8. 

Waspray, Alice, 79 ; Robert, 78. 
Water, Sir William atte, 8. 
Waterman, John, 29, 125. 
Watter, Doctor, 389. 
Watts (Wattes), Agnes, 18 ; Christiana, 

19; Cristina, 18; Doctor, 198, 199, 

200; Henry, 349; John, 18, 131,349, 

383 ; Richard, 349; Robert, 18 ; Sir 

Robert (elk.), 44 ; Thomas, 349. 
Waverer, Edith, 161. 
Wayte, John, 167. 
Webb(e), Agnes, 368; Alice, 368; 

Edmund, 34; Joan, 368; John, 55, 

57, 368 ; Lawrence, 57 ; Martin, 368 ; 

Stephen, 38 ; Thomas, 57, 79, 368 ; 

William, 284, 398. 
Wedon, Thomas, 210. 
Welfare, John, 160. 
Welles, Helen, 361 ; John, 85, 86, 361, 

362 ; Thomas, 132, 355. 
WELLS (cathedral). 

Archdeacons of: 

Richard Nycke, 309 n, 
William Nycke, 315, 316 n. 



Bishops of: 

Thomas de Beckington, 202, 263,277. 

Nicholas Bubwith, 118, 206, 238. 

John Drokensford, 362 n. 

Ralph Erghum, 40. 

Robert Stillington, 277 , 307, 309. 
Canons of: 

Thomas Aliston, I. 

John Austell, 370. 

Thomas Austell, 371. 

Ralph Berneys, 3. 

William Bokett, 297, 298, 383. 

Thomas Bromehale, 207. 

Richard Bruton, 8, 87, 97 , 98. 

Ralph Canon, 10, 52, 55, 67, 107. 

John Chelsey, 5. 

John Coke, 137. 

Thomas Cosyn, 38. 

Richard Drayton, 8, 46, 48, 49, 67. 

William Excestre, 75. 

Thomas Frome, 98, 99. 

William Fulford, ikl, 164. 

John Godeford, 118. 

John Grene, 39. 

John Hill, 264. 

John Hody, 38, 52. 

John Lasty, 301. 

Henry Mary, 86. 

Thomas Mersh, 207, 262. 

John Osbarn, 116. 

Hugh Pavy, 332 n. 

John Pope, 207, 229. 

John Reynold, 118. 

Robert Rugge, 3. 

John Shelford, 1 18. 

Thomas Shelford, 117. 

John de Shillingford, 3, 4. 

John Shirford, 85. 

John Sperhauke, 222. 

John Stokes, 277. 

Nicholas Sturgeon, 165. 

Thomas Terry, 36, 138. 

John Wansford, 296. 

John Welles, 86. 

Walter Wincaulton, 400 ;/. 

Roger Wodehele, 138. 
Chancellors of: 

Richard Bruton, 93, 97. 

Thomas Overey, 31072. 

Hugh Sugar, 207. 
Communarius of, 93. 



Jlomtnum. 



WELLS (cathedral) continued. 
Deans of: 

Nicholas Carent, 211, 212 n, 213*1. 

John Forest, 152, 155. 

John Gunthorp, 301, 347, 361 n, 

362 n. 

Master of Scholars > 371. 
Precentors of: 

Ralph Erghum, 40. 

John Hody, 62. 

Thomas Overey, 307, 310^. 

William Stevens, 157. 
Provost of: 

Richard Swan, 207. 
Sub-deans of: 

William Bokett, 362. 

Thomas de Byngham, 8. 

John Wansford, 262, 296. 
Suffragan Bishop of, 269. 

John Valence, 309 n. 
Treasurers of: 

William Lambrok, 62. 

Hugh Sugar, 275, 277 n. 
WELLS (city). 

Master of, 26, 230, 231, 369, 370, 390, 

391. 
Prior of St. John's Hospital, 7, 25, 26, 

157, 369- 

Wenard, John, 148 ; William, 147, 148. 
Weneman, John, 387. 
Werewyk, Roger, 39. 
Wermyster, Alice, 13, 14 ; William, 13. 
West, Hugh, 124; John, 40, 95; Sir 

Richard (elk. ), 338; Sir William, 217. 
Westaw, Thomas, 224. 
Westbury (Westby), Gregory, 190. 
Westcote, Florence, 393 ; Thomas, 393. 
Westminster, Abbot of, 182. 
Weston, Agnes, 171 ; Eleanor, 171 ; 

John, 171, 172; Richard, 132, 171, 

172; Thomas, 94. 
Wever, Joan, 385 ; Robert, 195. 
Weyvyle, Agatha, 82 ; Richard, 80. 
Weye, Thomas, 27 ; William, 65, 66. 
Weyland, John, 190. 
Wheeler, John, 245 ; Richard, 368. 
White (Wyte, Wytte), Edith, 349 ; John, 

20, 54; Robert, 125; Walter, 349; 

William, 45, 63. 

Whitewade, Sir Richard (elk.), 162. 
Whithag, John, 95. 



Whiting, Alice, 304 ; John, 79. 

Whitlond, Nicholas, 300. 

Whittock, Sir David (elk.), 212. 

Whittocksmede, John, 33. 

Widenale, Richard, 79. 

Wilcock, Sir William (elk.), 331. 

Wilde, Agnes, 227; Walter, 271, 372. 

Wilkins, William, 323, 324. 

Will (Witt), John, 379 ; John atte, 63. 

William(s), John, 142; Richard, 13; 

Robert, 340; Thomas, 13. 
Williamson, Robert, 302. 
Willoughby, John (knt.), 196; Richard, 

319 ; William, 319. 
Wilson, Richard, 287 ; William, 216. 
Wilton, Doctor, 383 ; Walter, 40. 
Winchester, Abbess of St. Mary's, 154; 

Bishops of, 14, 153, 196, 200, 206 ; 

Prior of St. Swithin's, 148. 
Winter, John, 304. 
Wise, Alayne, 389, 390, 391 ; Richard, 

254- 

Wiseman, Thomas, 369. 
Witcombe, John, 333 ; William, 264. 
Witham, Prior of, 7, 41, 42, in, 131, 

132, 1 86, 261, 293. 
Withipoll, John, 279. 
Wolf, Sir John (elk.), 36. 
Wood (Wode, Woode), Sir John (elk.), 

344; Sir Thomas atte (elk.), 65; 

William, 231, 232. 
Woodcock, Richard, 184. 
Woodford, Thomas, 105 ; William, 105. 
Woodhill (Wodehele), Christian, 138; 

Joan, 138; Roger, 138; Thomas, 138, 

287 ; William, 138, 139. 
Woodland, Henry, 238 ; John, 405. 
Woodward, Richard, 176 ; John, 344 ; 

Sir William, 344. 
Woolley (Wolley), Hugh, 339 ; Richard, 

Workman, William, 89. 

Worle, Richard, 378. 

Woth, Alice, 29 ; Elisabeth, 28 ; Ellen, 

28 ; Emeline, 28, 29 ; Katherine, 29 ; 

Richard, 29 ; Robert, 28, 29 Thomas, 

27, 28. 

Wotton, Nicholas, 135 ; Walter, 12. 
Wreche, Joan, 325. 
Wrenford, William, 24. 
Wright, Roger, 217. 



45 2 



Writele, Robert de, 149. 

Wroughton, Johanne, 331 ; John, 240. 

Wryngton, John, 14. 

Wyche, Hugh, 184 ; Joan, 184. 

Wycombe, John, 27, 57. 

Wydcombe, Richard, 30, 31. 

Wyghton, John, 93. 

Wyke, Joan, 53, 255 ; John, 42, 43 ; 
Julian, 53 ; Katharine, 43 ; Richard, 
43, 178; Thomas, 53, 92; William, 

Wykeham, William (bishop), 14, 206. 

Wykyng, John, 8, 9. 

Wylis, Christian, 385. 

Wyllyng (Wyllyg), John, 108 ; Sir 

William (elk.), 36, 41. 
Wymer, John, 310 ; Margaret, 310. 
Wymond, John, 125. 



Wynne, Joan, 321 ; William, 254. 
Wynpeny, Richard, 360. 
Wyot, William, 18. 



Y. 



Yate, Thomas, 294. 

Yenan, John, 65. 

Yeue, John, 129. 

Young (Yonge, &c.), Agnes, 347; John, 

269, 270, 296, 347; Maud, 300; 

Richard, 300. 
Yowe, Alice, 381. 

Z. 

Zo, Thomas atte, 95. 
Zonge, Peter, in. 



INDEX LOCORUM. 



A. 



Abbotsleigh, 239. 

Abergwilly college (Carm.), 331. 

Abyngton (Berks), 224. 

Adderbury (Oxon), 235. 

Aldremeneye (Kent), 2. 

Aldyngham (Lane.), 82. 

Alfoxton, 365. 

Aller, 50. 

Allerton, 166. 

Alston Sutton, 166. 

Alton St. Pancras (Dors.), 137. 

Amesbury Priory (Wilts), 18, 186, 213. 

Annery (Devon), 208. 

Ashburton (Devon), St. Andrew's 

church, 165. 

Ashill, 54, 89, 91, 117, 224. 
Ashton, 115. 
Ashton, Long, 104, 105, 238, 244, 268, 

273, 3o6, 330. 

All Saints' church, 245. 

Pyyth Causey, 244. 

Athelney Abbey, 54, 207, 208. 

Aungersleigh, 76. 

Avening (Glos.), 166. 

Axbridge, 65, 89, 91, 151, 272, 335. 

Axminster (Devon), 69. 

Weycroft in, 69, 401. 
Aysshe, 119, 209. 



B. 

Babcary, 112. 
Back well, 106. 

St. Andrew's church, 83. 

Bageworth, 69, 309 n, 402. 
Baggethorp (Notts), 150. 
Bakelond, 2. 
Baldock (Herts), 113. 
Baltonsborough, 64, 372. 



Banbury (Oxon), 154, 361. 
Ban well, 71, 85, 96. 

St. Andrew's church, 338, 339, 380. 

St. Mary's church, 335. 

Barlinch Priory, no. 

Barrington, 4. 
Barrow, North, 349. 
Barrow Priory, 7, 47, 99. 
Barton St. David, 63, 64. 
Basing (Hants), 220. 

Holy Trinity chapel, 220. 
Basingstoke (Hants), 220. 
Batcombe, 251. 

Bath, city of, passim. 
Churches 

St. James, 32, 214, 342, 354. 
St. Mary (within gate), 342. 
St. Mary (north side of city), 320. 
St. Mary de Stall, 30, 31, 45, 78, 

79, 1 66, 305, 342, 399. 
St. Katherine's chapel in, 166, 167, 

St. Michael (within gate), 342. 

St. Michael (without gate), 45, 169, 

342, 399- 
Priory of SS. Peter and Paul, 24, 

45, 50, 80, 161, 214, 400. 

chapel of B.V.M. in, 341. 

hospital of St. John, 89, 342. 

hospital of St. Mary Magdalen, 32, 

45, 214. 

South Street, 30. 

West Street, 30, 79. 

Holeweye, 32. 

Walcot, 342. 

- Weston, 47, 136, 342. 
Bathampton, 342. 
Bathealton, 60. 
Batheaston, 141, 342. 
Bathford, 342. 
Bath wick, 342. 
Beaminster (Dors.), 382. 



454 



Hilt Us'. 



Beaulieu Abbey (Hants), 96. 
Beckington, 103, in, 205, 248, 259. 
St. George's church, 252, 351, 

366. 

close called " Pylkys," 249. 

Bedford, Friars Minors at, 224. 

Bedminster, 239. 

Bedwyn (Wilts), 205, 332 n. 

Berkley (Som.), 135. 

Bermondsey, St. Maiy Magdalen church, 

150. 

Berough Grene, 375. 
Berrow, 61. 
Bicknoller, 81. 
Bishops Hull, 163. 
Bishops Lydeard, 107, 386. 
Bishopstrow (Wilts), 252. 
Bitton (Glos.), 361. 
Blachington (Sussex), 82. 
Blackford (in Wedmo're), 115. 

(near Wincanton), 253, 319, 349. 

Blagdon, 98, 99. 
Bleadon, 75, 329, 334. 
Bodmin Priory (Corn.), 148. 
Bokelonde, 37, 133. 
Bolne (Sussex), 81. 
Boxgrove Priory (Sussex), 220. 
Bradenstoke Priory (Wilts), 5. 
Bradford (Som.), 119, 130, 380. 

St. Mary's church, 210. 

Bradford (Wilts), 187. 

Holy Trinity church, 1 74. 

Bradley (Lines), 308. 

(Wilts), 252. 

Bradpole (Dors.), 29, 198. 
Brankscombe (Devon), 53, 54, 226. 

Edge in, 226. 

Bratton, 221. ' 
Brawdy (Pemb.), 330. 
Breamor (Hants), 265. 

Priory of, 265. 

Brean, 277 n. 

Brentmarsh, 62, 375. 

Bridgwater, 43, 44, 51, 67, 70, 90, 142, 

194, 233. 

almshouse of, 91, 364. 

Friars Minors of, 9, 22, 44, 61, 66, 

109, no, 115, 140, 145, 148, 158, 194, 

205, 233, 241, 247, 263, 271, 274, 

281, 286, 322, 336, 349, 363, 384, 

403. 



Bridgwater, Friars Preachers of, xviii, 

142. 
St. Mary's church, 142, 194, 195, 

233, 246, 310, 322. 

chapel of B.V.M. in, 245. 

Friars Minors' church, 66. 

hospital of St. John, 19, 43, 89, 

157, 194, 233, 403. 

Freryn Street, 246. 

West Street, 246. 

Brigham (Cumb.), 135, 136. 
Brimpton, 23, 24, 215, 366. 
Brislington : 

St. Anne's chapel, 269 , 384. 
Bristol, city of, passim. 

Corn Street, 12. 

Lafford's Gate, 15. 

Lewensmede, 359. 

Newgate prison, 244, 272, 274, 

375- 

Plumtrelane, 8l. 

Redcliffe Street, 242. 

Small Street, 7. 

Churches 

All Saints', n. 

Chapel " super le Bak," 58. 

St. John Baptist, 284. 

St. Leonard, 35, 126, 276. 

St. Mary Redcliffe, 12, 183, 243, 
268. 

St. Nicholas, 245. 

St. Peter, II. 

St. Thomas, 12, 13. 

St. Werburgh, 7, 49, 126. 
Monasteries 

Abbey of St. Augustine, 88. 

Priory of St. Mary Magdalen, 183. 

St. Bartholomew's hospital, 91, 183. 

Gaunt's hospital, 88, 329. 

Friars of [Augustinian (or Temple) 

Carmelite, Dominican, Franciscan], 
7, 12, 15, 45, 65, 73, 88, 99, 101, 104, 
106, 115, 126, 140, 158, 168, 183, 205, 
218, 241, 252, 271, 286, 315, 328, 334, 

336, 374, 375- 

Crutched Friars of Gaunts, 329. 

Brockley, 72, 106, 375. 

Bromeley, 220. 

Bromfield, 28. 

Bruham, 89, 311. 

St. John Baptist's church, 348. 



Hocorum. 



455 



Bruton, 87, 88, 89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 
131, 132, 171, 221, 312, 348. 

almshouse of Lusty, 222 n. 

"Le Spytelhous," 91, 349. 

St. Mary's church, 131, 221, 312, 

348. 

chapel of B.V.M. in, 397. 

Priory, 71, 90, 94, 131, 213, 312, 

369- 
Buckfastleigh (Devon), 265. 

Abbey of, 148. 

Buckland Priory (Som.), 9, 17, 147, l $6, 

335> 363, 369, 378, 403- 
Buckland St. Mary, 303. 
Buckland, West, 119, 360. 
Hamelonde, 119. 

Hock Aller, 119. 
Burford (Oxon), 344. 
Burlescombe (Devon), 103, 129. 
Burnham, 262, 375. 

Burton Pinsent, 123. 

Buscot (Berks), 89, 96. 

Bustelsham Priory (Berks), 176, 271. 

Butleigh, 175, 176, 177, 270, 271, 358, 

372. 
St. Mary's chapel, 175. 



Cadbury, North, 253, 

St. Michael's church, 319, 349. 

Cadbury, South, 253, 319, 349. 
Cambridge University, 183. 

King's hall, 362. 

Pembroke college, 223. 

Queens' college, 224. 
Camley, 239. 
Cannington, 28, 291, 363. 

St. Mary's church, 27. 
- Clifford in, 287. 

Priory of, 28, 291, 363, 404. 
Canonleigh Abbey (Devon), 128, 360, 

404. 

Canterbury cathedral, 165. 
St. Augustine's monastery, 165, 

269. 

Christchurch monastery, 165. 

Cardiff, 55. 

St. Mary's church, 55. 

Friars, two orders of, 328. 



Castlecombe (Wilts), 91. 
Catcot, 23. 

Catherston (Dors.), 387. 
Cattefeld (Sussex), 81. 
Cattistock (Dors.), 84. 
Chard, 69, 90, 285, 316, 401. 

St. Mary's church, 261. 

Charlecombe, 342. 

Charlinch, 140, 142. 

Gautheney (St. John Baptist's 

chapel), 140. 
Charlton, 253, 291. 

St. John Baptist's chapel, 244. 

Charlton, Adam, 358. 
Charlton Makerell, 358. 
Chalvedon (Dors.), 214. 
Cheddar, 151, 152, 263. 

St. Andrew's church, 304. 

Cheddon, 309 n. 
Chedzoy, 86, 87, 217, 387. 

St. Mary's church, 398. 

Chelcrofteslane, 19. 
Chelvey, 105, 375. 

St. Bridget's church, 105. 

Chelworth, 239, 273, 332 n. 

Cheriton, 60. 

Chesham (Bucks), 210. 

Cheshunt (Herts), 212. 

Chesilborowford, 179. 

Chew Magna, 58, 78, 239, 273, 295. 

St. Andrew's church, 83, 295, 325, 

368, 373- 
St. Mary's chapel, 78, 240, 274, 

295> 3o6, 325, 368. 

Deny in, 325. 

Chewstoke, 368. 
Chewton, 406. 
Chichester cathedral, 80. 
Chideock (Dors.), 256. 
Chilton Cantelo, 55, 59, 60 . 
Chilton Trinity, 246. 
Chinnor (Oxon), 150. 
Christchurch (Hants), 133. 
Christian Maleford (Glos. ), 2. 
Christen, 339. 

St. Mary's church, 339. 
Chumleigh (Devon), 91. 
Church Hinton (Glos.), 244. 
Cirencester (Glos.), 200. 
Clapton, 350, 368. 
Claverton, 214, 342. 



45 6 



Somerset OTtlfef. 



Cleff, 198. 

Cleve Abbey, 158. 

chapel of B.V.M., 178. 

St. Andrew's church, 126. 

Clevedon, 101, 102, 310, 350. 

Hidehall chantry, 101. 

Cleyhanger (Devon), 54. 

Clistbarnevile (Devon), 147. 

Clyst (Devon), 54. 

Codford St. Mary (Wilts), 252. 

Codford St. Peter (Wilts), 252. 

Coker, East, 92. 

chapel of B.V.M., 396. 

Cokkeslake, 63. 

Colford, 273. 

Combe Hawey (Combe Hay), 214. 

Combe St. Nicholas, 261, 286, 303. 

Compton, 60. 

Compton Danclo, 163. 

Compton Dundon, 307, 309/2. 

Compton Hawey (Dors.), 38. 

Compton Pauncefote, 121, 253, 319, 
349- 

Congresbury, 46, 48, 71, 307, 310, 375, 
400. 

St. Katherine's chapel, 71. 

Constance, 85, 87. 

St. Stephen's church, 85, 86. 

Cookham (Berks), 108. 

vicarage of, 108. 

Corton Denham, 376. 
Cothelstone, St. John's church, 386. 
Cotleigh (Devon), 69, 119, 401. 
Coxley (near Wells), 38. 
Crewkerne, 90, 283. 
Crokehom, 283. 
Crook eh am, 319. 
Croscombe, 89, 95. 

St. Mary's church, 346. 

Crosse, 133. 

Crowcombe, 365. 

Crowham, 268. 

Crowmale, 306. 

Cullompton (Devon), 53, 227. 

Culmstock (Devon), 128, 129. 

Curry Mallet, 345. 

Curry, North, 35, 79, 90, 138, 288, 

SS. Peter and Paul's church, 41. 
Curry Rivel, 62, 108, 109, 122. 
* St. Andrew's church, 108. 



D. 



Denny monastery (Cambs), 224. 
Devizes (Wilts), 83. 

St. John's church, 83. 

Dinder, 91, 347. 
Ditcheat, 175, 177. 

St. Mary Magdalen's church, 361. 

St. John's chapel, 175. 

Holy Trinity chapel, 175. 

Donyatt, 54. 
Dorchester, 84. 

Friars Minors of, 22, 121, 145, 

148, 167, 257. 

prison, 376. 

Doulting, 232. 
Dowlishford, 345. 
Dowlish Wake, 146. 
Dowlish, West, 55. 
Downhead, 232. 

St. Nicholas's chapel, 232. 

Drayton, 62, 123. 
Duloe (Corn.), 169. 
Dundry, 273. 
Dunkswell (Devon), 323. 

Abbey, 148. 

Dunster, 97, 198. 

Priory, 95. 

Dychening (Sussex), 81, 82. 
Bakwyk in, 82. 



E. 

East Brent, 61. 

Conynglane, 62. 

chapel of B.V.M., 396. 

East Cammel, see Queen Camel. 

East Coker, 92. 

East Leach (Glos.), 70. 

Easton in Wells, 160. 

Edesdon, 256. 

Edington (Wilts), 241. 

Priory, 186, 193. 

Egforton ah. Fairoke, 135. 
Eltham (Kent), 208. 
Ely, 268 . 

Englishcombe, 214, 342. 
Erdeswyke, 201. 
Estrope (near Bruton), 91. 
Eton, college of St. Mary, 235. 



Jfnttqr Eocorum. 



457 



Evercreech, 89, 116, 335. 
Ewelme (Oxon), 217. 
Exeter, 14, 90, in, 119. 

Cowykstrete, 128. 

Friars Minors, 53, 128, 147, 148, 

201. 

Friars Preachers, 53, 128, 147. 

hospital of St. Anthony, 129. 

hospital of St. John, 148. 

St. Thomas's church, 128, 129. 

- Priory of St. John, 403. 
Exford, 91. 



F. 



Fairoke, 135. 

Farley Hungerford, 187. 

St. Leonard's chapel, 187. 

Felcham, 193. 

Fisherton Anger (Wilts), 142. 

Priory, 187. 

Fisherton Delamere (Wilts), 220. 
Flax Bourton, 157. 
Flyntfeld, 193. 
Fordingbridge (Hants), 133. 
Frampton-on-Severn (Glos.), 256. 
Freshford, 174, 340, 342. 

St. Peter's church, 174. 

Frome, 33, 35, 56, 58, 69, 80, 99, 102, 

1 10, 127, 134, 135, 346, 352. 
St. John's church, 33, 79, 127, 266, 

284, 377- 

chapel of St. Nicholas, 284, 352. 

Cayford, 34, 35, 266, 284. 

Grove Farm, 35. 

Fromebraunche, II, 33, 35. 



G. 



Gainsborough (Line.), 135, 136. 

Gaywellesbrigge, 133. 

Glastonbury, 15, 89, 90, 255. 

Abbey (St. Mary), 7, 157, 176, 196, 

228, 270, 275, 367, 382, 395. 

St. Mary's chapel in, 326. 

St. John's church, 227, 250, 255, 

258, 270, 354, 367, 372, 391, 395. 
St. Benignus's church, 228, 270, 

326, 372. 



Glastonbury, St. Mary Magdalen's 

hospital, 176, 373. 

Gloucester, Friars, three orders of, 328. 
Gofford, 216. 
Greenwich, East, 361. 
Greinton, 19. 
Grenstede, 81. 
Grimston (Sar.), 332 n. 
Grindelbrigge, 148. 
Grove, 62. 
Gudeston, 55. 

Gwent, Lower (Wales), 105. 
Gyldensash, 94. 



H. 



Hambridge, 63. 

Hamelethe, 186. 

Hamley, 212. 

Hankerich, 281. 

Hardington, 55 n. 

Hardington Mandeville, 169. 

Harptree, East, 242, 332 ;/, 355, 405 

West, 406. 

Haslebury, 113. 

St. Michael's church, 283. 

Haverford, East (Pemb.), Franciscan 

Friars at, 328. 

West (Pemb.), Friars at, 328. 

Haydon (Dors.), 54. 

Hele, 14. 

Hellinton, 252. 

Henstridge, 165, 229, 263, 277 n. 

Toomer in, 212. 

Hereford, cathedral, 136. 

Friars Minors, 328. 

Friars Preachers, 328. 

Hestercombe, 208. 

Heytesbury (Wilts), 143, 186, 187. 

High Bickington (Devon), 85. 

High Ham, 89, 91, 95, 97, 382. 

Highworth (Wilts), 89, 96, 98, 99. 

Hindon (Wilts), 56, 57. 

Hinton Charterhouse (priory), 5, 7, 88, 

186, 214, 218, 252, 261, 263, 343, 355. 
Hinton St. George, 263. 
Hitchin (Herts), 223. 

Friars at, 224. 

Holcombe, 47. 

Holditch (in Thorncombe, Dorset), 68, 

401. 

3 N 



458 



Witt*. 



Holton, 221, 319. 
Holwell (Dorset), 122. 

St. Lawrence's church, 121. 

Hornet, 143. 

Hoo (Sussex), 2. 

Horsey, 81. 

Horsington, 91, 112, 263. 

Horton (Bucks), 154. 

Hounslow (Middx.), House of Holy 

Trinity, 265. 

Hungerford (Berks), 47, 186. 
Huntspill, 100, 212. 

Hurcot, St. James's chapel, 175, 270, 358. 
Hutton, 17, 113, 334. 

St. Mary's church, 17, 114. 

Hydon, 129. 
H'tham, 69, 401. 



I. 



Iddesleigh (Devon), 151. 

Ilchester, 69, 91, 97, 155, 173. 

St. John Baptist's church, 156, 173. 

St. Mary (Major), 156, 173. 

St. Mary (Minor), 156, 173. 

Friars Preachers, 18, 22, 38, 54, 

148, 155, 156, 158, 173, 180,241,244, 
264, 271, 274, 281, 286, 322, 349, 363, 

385 404- 
King's Gaol, 158, 244, 274, 281, 

376. 

Shire Hall, 156. 

He Bruers, 256. 
Ilminster, 199, 286. 

St. Mary's church, 345. 

St. Katherine's chapel, 226, 377. 

Ilton, 54, 227, 378. 
Inglesham (Wilts), 89, 96. 
Ingylby, 4. 
Iwerne Minster (Dors.)> 211. 

J. 

Jayellesmelle, 133, 134. 

K. 

Keinton Mandeville, 358. 
Keldhome monastery (Yorks), 297. 
Kelmscott (Oxon), 96, 



Kelston, 342. 
Kempsey (Wore. ), 67. 
Kempston (Beds), 4. 
Ken, 350, 381. 

St. John's church, 334, 355. 
Kewardsbrigge (in Bruton), 91. 
Kewstoke, 193, 334. 

St. Paul's church, 193. 
Keynsham, 161, 162, 241. 

Abbey (St. Mary's), 97, 161, 282, 

314, 327, 343. 

St. John Baptist's church, 162. 

Kilmersdon, 234. 

Kilmington, 57, 252. 

Kingsbury Episcopi, 89, 91, 97, 133, 134. 

Kingsdon, 358. 

Kingston Seymour, 15, 16, 72, 104, 333, 

All Saints' church, 15. 
Kingston (near Taunton), 207, 386. 
Hestercombe in, 208. 

(near Yeovil), 24, 158. 

Kington Priory (Wilts), 7. 

Kington, West (Sar.), 250. 

Kingweston, 175, 358. 

Knappe, 387. 

Knoll, 231, 232, 234, 237, 245,246, 249, 

251. 

Knouston (Devon), 53. 
Kyngesby, 118. 



Laceby (Line. ) 308. 

Lacock Abbey (Wilts), 344. 

Landheron (Corn.), 256. 

Landough (Glam.), 120. 

Langport, 46, 63, 91, 98, 123, 270, 321, 

323- 

All Saints' church. 286. 

Eastover, 63, 84. 

Westover, 84. 

chapel of, 63. 

hospital near, 63. 

Langridge, 17, 120, 342. 
Lantesey, 330. 
Lapford (Devon), 177. 
Laverton, 252. 

B.V.M. church, 340. 

Lechlade (Glos. ), 89. 



fnttep 



459 



Lechlade, house of St. John, 94. 
Leckhampstead (Berks), 86. 
Leckhampton (Glos.), 244. 
Leigh on Mendip : - 

St. Giles's church, 232, 234. 
Lewes (Sussex), Priory of St. Pancras, 

80, 81. 
Lichfield cathedral (prebend) : 

Pipa Minor, 155 n. 
Lincoln cathedral (prebends) : 
Banbury, 155 n, 362*1. 
St. Botolph's, 155^. 
Sexaginta solidorum, 155 n. 
Scamlesby, 213 n, 
Litescary, 124. 
Litton, 276. 

Llandaff cathedral, I, 120. 
Llangan, 121. 
Locking, 334. 
Loders (Dors.), 208. 
London : 
Monasteries 

St. Mary de Graciis abbey, 149. 

chapel of St. Anne, 149. 
Abbey of Sion, 224. 
Charterhouse, 85, 88, 135, 223. 
Churches 

St. Augustine's (Lambeth), 165. 
St. Botolph's (Billingsgate), 181. 
St. Clement Danes, 209. 
St. Dunstan's-in-the-East, 150. 
St. Giles's-in-the-Field, 181. 
St. Gregory's (near St. Paul's), 

229. 

St. John's (Walbrook), 150. 
St. John Zacane, 115. 
St. Katherine's (near Tower), 162. 
St. Margaret's (Westminster), 258. 

- chapel of B.V.M. de la Pue, 
258. 

St. Mary at Hill, 150. 
St. Mary's (Fenchurch Street), 

150. 

St. Mildred's (Bread Street), 221. 
St. Paul's cathedral, 18, 165, 182, 
229, 268. 

Prebends : Hoxton 362 n, 
Wenlakesbarn, 362 n. 

chapel of SS. Mary and 

Nicholas, 165. 
St. Sepulchre's (Newgate), 326. 



St. Stephen's (Royal Chapel, West- 
minster), 361. 

St. Stephen's (Walbrook), 181. 

Temple church, 12. 
Hospitals 

St. Bartholomew's (Smithfield), 182. 

" Elsyngspetill," 182. 

St.Giles-in-the-Field (lepers' house), 
181. 

St. Katherine's (near Tower), 149, 
204. 

"Le Loke and Kyngeslonde," 
(lepers' houses), 181. 

St. Mary of Bethlehem (Bishops- 
gate), 181, 182, 187, 268. 

St. Mary of Runcivale (Charing 
Cross), 182, 268. 

St. Thomas's (Southwark), 182. 
Friars of 

Augustinians, 52, 88, 181. 

Carmelites, 52, 88, 181. 

Dominicans, 52, 88, 148, 181. 

Franciscans, 52, 88, 148, 181. 
Streets 

Bridge Street, 184. 

Fleet Street, 216. 

Lime Street, 149, 150. 

Old Fish Street, 184. 

Thames Street, 184. 

London Bridge, 182. 

Middle Temple, 13. 

The Tower, 149, 162, 204. 

city of, 90, 93, 97, 117, 137, 149, 

163, 165, 181. 

Long Ashton, 104, ,238, 244. 
Longdon, 24. 
Lovington, 252. 
Luccombe, 177. 

St. Mary's church, 278. 

Lullington, 248. 
Lydeard, 89, 91. 
Lydeard Bishops, 107, 386. 
Lydeard Somari, 95. 
Lydford, East, 50. 

West, 162, 235. 

Lye, 125, 272. 
Lyme Regis, 379. 
Lymington, 38. 

Walfords in, 39. 

Lympsham, 277 . 
Lyng, 133- 



460 



Will*. 



M. 



Maiden Bradley (Wilts), Priory, 186. 
Maperton, 100, 253, 319. 
Mark, 114, 115. 

B.V.M. chapel, 114. 

Marnhull (Dors.), chantry, 22. 
Marston Bigot, 56, 101, 293. 

Castelheyes in, 57. 

Marston Magna, 383. 

Martock, 44, 84, 209, 249, 276, 277 n. 

Melcomb (Dors.), 139, 143. 

Mells, 2, 136. 

St. Andrew's church, 333. 

B V.M. chapel, 333. 

Merchfeld, 73 
Mere (Wilts), 221 
Merryfield, 52, 55, 226 
Middleton Stony (Oxon), 154. 
Middlezoy, 228 n. 
Milborne Port, 24, 84, 336. 

St. John Evangelist's church, 

336. 

close next Powk Browke, 337. 

Milton Clevedon, 89, 221. 
Milton Fauconbridge, 44. 
Milton (near Wells), 98. 
Milverton, 20, 21, 43. 

St. Michael's church, 20, 103. 

Brompford Place, 20. 

Hamme, 21. 

Lovelynch, 21. 

Newplace, 20. 

Smalbrok, 21. 

Skynerplace, 20. 

Stokhous, 20. 

Willestrete, 20. 

Minehead, 91,94, 96,97. 
Monksilver, 10. 
Monkton Combe : 

St. Michael's church, 214. 
Monkton, West, 307, 310. 
Monkton (Devon), 175. 
Montacute, 22, 25, 91, 283, 317. 

Priory of SS. Peter and Paul, 22, 

148, 199. 

chapel of Jesus in, 316. 

St. Katherine's church, 22. 

St. Mary's churchyard, 133. 

Hidefeld in, 216. 

Monte Alto (St. Asaph), 2. 



Moor Critchel (Dors.) : 

All Saints' church, 346. 
Moorlinch, 44, 323, 384. 
More bath (Devon), no. 
Mortlake (Surrey), 270. 
Muchelney, 90, 97, 124. 
SS. Peter and Paul's Abbey, 90, 94, 

109, 122, 124. 
Mudford, 164. 
Mudford Terry, 164. 

N. 

Nailsea, 157. 

Netherbury (Dors.), 29, 315 . 

Nettlecombe, 147. 

St. Mary's church, 146. 

Newbury (Berks), 162. 

Newenham Abbey (Devon), 148. 

Newport (Mon.), Friars at, 328. 

New Sarum, 63. 

Newton Poppleford (Devon), 54. 

Newton St. Lo, 57, 342. 

Ninehead, 42. 

North Curry, 35, 79, 90, 138, 288, 322. 

SS. Peter and Paul's church, 41. 

Northover, 18, 173. 
Northton, 281. 
Norton, 239, 273. 

sub Hamdon, 180, 317. 

Hautfeld, 183. 

Malreward, 73, 74, 98, 183. 

in Selwood, 252. 

Nunney, 220. 

All Saints' church, 142. 

St. Katherine's chapel, 142. 



O. 



Okehampton (Devon), 199. 
Oldelond, 62, 81. 
Oldesook, 150. 
Olditch, 68, 69, 401. 
Osmington (Dors.), 179. 
Othery, 228 n. 
Overattebar, 55. 
Over Compton (Dors.), 38. 
Over Stowey, 364. 

Oxford University, 159, 183, 205, 244, 
375- 



Hocorum. 



461 



Oxford, St. Frideswide's monastery, 211. 

All Souls' College, 309 . 

Deep Hall, 309 n. 

Hinxey Hall, 277 . 

Lincoln College, 155 n. 

New College, 202, 235, 263. 

Queen's College, 360. 

Vine Hall, 213/2. 

P. 

Park wall (Bruton), 91. 
Pembroke, 329. 
Pendomer, 146. 
Pennard, East, 335. 

West, 255. 

Penryn, 66. 
Pensford, 73, 74, 273. 

St. Thomas's church, 73, 74, 268. 

Perrot, North, 283. 

Petherton, North, 9, 133, 139, 142, 310, 

327- 

Shobell in, 310. 

South, 4, 133, 134, 164, 286. 

SS. Peter and Paul's church, 

Piddlehinton (Dors.), 137. 
Piddletrenthide (Dors.), 137. 
Pillesdon(Dors.), 29. 
Pilton, 157, 179, 307, 317, 347. 

St. John Baptist's church, 335. 

Pitcombe, 81, 95. 

St. Leonard's church, 348. 

Pitney, 24. 

Plimpton Priory (Devon), 148. 

Plumtrelane (Bath), 79. 

Polnam (Corn.), 4. 

Polslo Priory (Devon), 29, 148. 

Populbrugge bridge, 121. 

Porlock, 82, 294. 

Portbury, 172. 

St. Mary's church, 172. 

Portishead, 46, 48, 49. 
Poynings (Sussex), 82. 
Preston Plucknett, 77, 143. 
Publow, 104, 163, 239, 273. 
Pucklechurch (Glos.), 95. 
Puriton, 67, 225, 239. 
Putton, 29. 
Pyke's Ash, 44. 
Pylle, 335- 



Q- 



Queen Camel, 18. 

St. Barnabas's church, 18, 384. 

St. John Baptist's chapel, 384. 

St. Michael's chapel, 18. 

St. Mary's chapel, 168. 



R. 

Road, 14, 105, 252, 259. 

St. Lawrence's church, 105. 

St. Etheldreda's chapel, 16. 

Rochester, 182. 
Rodmell (Sussex), 80. 
Rome, city of, 47, 85. 

court of, 85. 

Holy Trinity hospital, 16. 

Ruishton, Hoi well in, 142. 
Ruscombe (Sarum), 212 n. 

S. 

Sadelescumbe, 81. 

St. Alban's, monastery of, 165. 

St. Asaph, diocese of, 2. 

St. Athan (Glam.), 121. 

St. Bridget (Wales), 105, 106. 

chapel of St. Mary, 106. 

St. David's, diocese of, 2. 

cathedral of, I, 121, 330. 

St. Decuman, 118, 157, 229, 363. 
St. Endellion (Corn.), 89, 91. 

prebend of Bodmin in, 89 n. 

St. Ewe (Corn.), 116. 

St. German's Priory (Corn.), 148. 

Salisbury, 63, 90, 97. 

cathedral, 28, 171, 174, 186, 213, 

214, 218, 284, 346. 
prebends : Bed win, 205, 332 n ; 

Grimstone and Yetminster, 213 n, 

332 n ; Ruscombe, 212 n. 

St. Thomas's church, 63. 

Friars Minors, 88, 148, 187. 

Preachers, 88, 148, 187. 

four orders of friars, 88. 

Saltford, 84. 

Sampborn (Hants), 376. 

Sandford Orcas, 38, 39, 49, 50, 60, 72. 

St. Nicholas's church, 72. 



4 62 



OTtlR 



Sandhill, 132, 134. 
Sandy (Beds), 135, 136. 
Sawmford, 39. 
Scamlesby, 213 . 
Schaldeflete (Isle of Wight), 2. 
Seaborough, 133. 
Selston (Notts), 150. 
Selwood, 213, 227. 
Selworthy, 177, 178, 278. 

All Saints' church, 294. 

Shaftesbury (Dors.), 84, 346. 

Abbey, 47, 213. 

Shepton Beauchamp, 348. 

Mallet, 61, 62, 67, 89, 157, 163, 

212, 332 n, 347. 
SS. Peter and Paul's church, 

317, 324- 
Sherborne (Dors.), 2, 54, 198, 218, 254, 

369- 

Abbey, 290. 

almshouse, 397. 

hospital, 349. 

La Grene in, 218. 

St. Mary Magdalene's church in 

castle, 397. 
Shere (Surrey), 229. 
Shipham, 272, 335. 
Shipton Moyn (Glos.), 212. 
Silverton (Devon), 53, 227. 
Somerford, Great (Wilts), 5. 
Somerton, 90, 382. 
Hurcot (St. James's chapel), 175, 

270, 358. 

Southampton, 280. 
Southbrent, 61. 
Southwell, collegiate church, vicar of, 

362. 

prebend of Dunham in, 155 . 

Sowey, 228 n, 367, 372, 391. 

Sparkford, 57, 100, 319, 349. 

Spaxton, 403. 

Stacheden, 224. 

Staines (Middx.), church of St. Mary, 

287. 

Stalbridge (Dors.), 171, 212. 
Stanton Drew, 73, 183, 239, 270, 273. 
St. Mary's church, 182 267, 

306. 

Gabriel (Dors.), 44. 

Stanwykmersh, 189. 
Stapleford, 40. 



Stapolton, 201. 

Staunton, 116. 

Stavordale Priory, 7, 46, 91, 92, ill, 

143, 145, 171, 176, 213, 312, 397. 
Stawley, 309 n. 
Steeple (Dors.), 179. 
Stenynfield (Sussex), 2. 
Stert, 376. 
Stoford, 84. 
Stoke Courcy, almshouse of, 364. 

Burton in, 365. 

Gomer, 10, 36 5. 

St. Mary's church, 10. 

Gregory, 138. 

sub Hamdon, 208. 

North, 342. 

Rodney, 231. 

St. Leonard's church, 231. 

South, 214, 342. 

Stokewell, 336. 
Stone, 176, 336. 

hundred of, 150. 

Stonle monastery, 223. 
Stourton (Wilts), 143, 252. 
Stow (diocese Line.), 84. 
Stratton-on-the-Fosse, 277 n. 
Street, 228, 255, 367, 372, 391. 
Strii gston, 363. 
Sutton Courtney (Berks), 205. 

Long, 322, 357, 383, 397. 

Montis, 319. 

Veney (Wilts), 252. 

Swanswick, 342. 
Swell, 123, 124, 179. 
Symonsborough (Dors.), 37, 212. 



T. 



Tanbrygge, 47. 

Tarrant Abbey (Dors.), 219. 

Taunton, 46, 70, 90, 151, 280. 

Priory of SS. Peter and Paul, 70, 

97, 163, 208, 264, 279, 288, 289, 321, 

352, 356, 378, 388, 392. 
chapel of St. Anthony in, 

3I3- 
St. Mary Magdalene's church, 70, 

71, 265, 279, 288, 289, 298, 313, 319, 

32i, 353> 379, 388, 394- 
chapel of Jesus in, 300. 



Eotorum. 



463 



Taunton, St. James's church, 356, 392. 

hospital of St. Margaret, 91, 288. 

Bathpole, 288, 394. 

Eastgate, 288. 

Eastreach, 353, 395. 

Tavistock Abbey (Devon), 148. 
Teffont Ewyas (Wills), 284. 

St. Anne's church, 187. 

Tellisford, 252. 
Templecombe, 91. 
Tetherington, 198, 201. 
Thornbury (Glos.), 328. 
Thorncombe (Dors.), 68, 69, 401. 
Thorn Coffin, 115. 

Falcon, 76, 375. 

Tickenham, 14, 272, 350. 
Tintinhull, 76, 77, 216. 
Titherington (Wilts), 252. 
Tiverton (Devon), 199. 
Trent, 59. 

chapel of St. Mary in church of, 

59- 

Trowbridge (Wilts), 75, 97. 
Trumpington (Camb), 118. 
Twerton, 342. 



U. 

Ubley, 375. 

Uffculme (Devon), 129. 
Uggeburgh (Devon), 4. 
Uphill, 334. 

St. Nicholas's church, 338. 
Upton, 252. 

Upton St. Leonard (Glos.) 295. 
Usse(Corn.), 4. 



W. 

Walsingham priory (Norf.), 268, 394. 
Walton in Gordano, u, 350. 
Walton (by Street), 255. 
Wanstrow, 14, 15. 
Wareham (Dors.), 124. 
Warminster (Wilts), 118, 252. 

St. Lawrence's church, 397. 
Warren (Pemb.), 330. 
Wedmore, 114, 115, 361. 



Wellington, 43, 81, 90, 128, 157, 261, 

309 n. 

St. Mary's church, 129, 261, 360. 

Wellow, 214. 

Wells, city of, passim. 

cathedral (St. Andrew's), passim. 

chapel of All Saints, 46. 

chapel of Bishop Bub with, 

238. 
chapel of B.V.M. in Jesina, 

297, 361. 

chapel of B. V. M. (next clois- 
ter), 261, 301. 

chapel of St. Edmund, 68. 

chapel of the Holy Ghost, 

370. 

chapel of St. Katharine, 361. 

chapel of St. Katherine (in 

cloister), I. 

chapel of St. Martin, 39. 

St. Cuthbert's church, 6, 8, 10, 25, 

48, 55, 64, 74, 88, 96, 153, 157, 1 60, 

178, 230, 237. 

chapel of St. Mary, 6. 

hospital of St. Cuthbert, 157. 

hospital of St. John, 7, 8, 25, 89, 

92, 157, 261, 369. 

college of, 153, 157. 

college of St. Anne in " Le 

Mountre," 261, 400. 
college of SS. Anne and Katherine, 

297. 
common hall of annuellars, 47, 

236. 

common hall of vicars, 8, 47, 90. 

vicars' close, 8, 25, 157. 

palace of, 207. 

Gropelane, 389. 

St. Cuthbert's Street, 26. 

New Street, 7, 178. 

Wertelyng (Sussex), 2. 
Westbury, 158, 161, 269. 

(Wilts), 252. 

West Camel, 19. 
Weston, 136. 

(Bath), 47, 342. 

Weston Bamfield, 253, 349. 
Weston in Gordano, 104. 
Weston-super-Mare, 334, 350. 
Weston Zoyland, 228 n. 
Weymouth (Dors.), 18, 



464 



OTtlfe. 



Wheathampstead (Herts), 154. 
Whitcombe (in Gorton Denham), 376. 
Whitelackington, 54, 67. 
Whitestanton, St. Andrew's church, 303. 

- close called " Hele," 303. 
Wick, St. Laurence, 307. 
Widdecombe (Devon), St. Katherinc's 

chapel, 3. 

Wilton (Som.), 281. 
Wilton Abbey (Wilts), 291. 
Wincanton, 156, 384. 

SS. Peter and Paul's church, 396. 

Winchcombe (Glos.), 328. 

monastery of St. Kenelm, 328. 

Winchester, 14, 90. 

cathedral, 220. 

Hide monastery, 220. 

St. Swithin's Priory, 148. 

college of St. Mary, 204, 235, 263, 

291. 

St. John's church in soke of, 36. 

Friars of (four orders), 35, 88, 148. 

Colbrook Street, 137. 

Windsor, 268. 

Winford, 371. 

Winscombe, 137. 

Winsford, 109, no. 

Winsham, 90, 261. 

Winterbourne Martin (Dors.), 22, 23. 

Witham Priory, 7, 41, 88, in, 186, 213, 

227, 251, 261, 263, 293, 311. 
Wiveliscombe, 90, 309. 
Wolverton, 16, 252. 
Woodland Abbatis, 56, ill. 
Wookey, 91. 

St. Matthew's church, 237. 

Woollard, 163 n. 
Woolwich (Kent), 208. 



Wootton, 271. 

Wootton, North, 157. 

Worcester cathedral, 24, 126, 214. 

Worle, 335, 381. 

Worspring Priory, 99, 213, 245. 

Worth (Sussex), chapel of St. Nicholas, 

28. 
Wraxall, 14, 157, 166, 350. 

Cokkelesford in, 14. 

Wrington, n. 

Writhlington, 24. 

Wulwade, 163 n. 

Wyke (in Curry Rivel), 108. 

Wylmyngdon, 344. 

Wymondle monastery (Herts), 224. 



Y. 



Yarlington, 253, 319, 349. 
Yatton, 1 6, 272, 295, 350. 

Court de Wyck, 152, 374. 

St. Mary's church, 272, 333, 355, 

359- 
new chapel of St. John Evangelist, 

337, 374- 
Yeovil, 22, 24, 77, 84, 145, 150, 1 60, 

164, 167, 218. 

St. John Baptist's church, 164, 291. 

almshouse, 160, 164, 168, 291. 

Gropelane, 164. 

Yeovilton, 261. 

Yetminster (Dors.), 212, 213 n. 
Yevelchester, see Ilchester. 
York cathedral (prebends) : 

Dunnington, 155 n. 

Laughton, 362 n. 



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