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Full text of "Sources of coastal engineering information"



ul.s. (v^cLi.e^.^ .©uru^, i^ g^iqUm 



T 



TECHNICAL REPORT CERC-87-1 / 



SOURCES OF COASTAL ENGINEERING 
INFORMATION 

by 
Yen-hsi Chu, Robert B. Lund, Fred E. Camfield 

Coastal Engineering Research Center 

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY 

Waterways Experiment Station, Corps of Engineers 

PO Box 631 , Vicksburg, Mississippi 391 80-0631 





January 1987 
Final Report 

Approved For Public Release; Distribution Unlimited 



Prepared for DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY 
US Army Corps of Engineers 
Washington, DC 20314-1000 



Destroy this report when no longer needed. Do not return 
it to the originator. 



The findings in this report are not to be construed as an official 

Department of the Army position unless so designated 

by other authorized documents. 



The contents of this report are not to be used for 
advertising, publication, or promotional purposes. 
Citation of trade names does not constitute an 
official endorsement or approval of the use of 
such commercial products. 



Unclassified 



SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE 



REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE 



form Approved 
OMB Ho 0704 0183 
Exp Date )un30. 1986 



1a REPORT SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 

Unclassified 



lb RESTRICTIVE MARKINGS 



2a SECURITY CLASSIFICATION AUTHORITY 



2b DECLASSIFICATION /DOWNGRADING SCHEDULE 



3 DISTRIBUTION /AVAILABILITY OF REPORT 

Approved for public release; distribution 
unlimited 



4. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) 

Technical Report CERC-87-1 



5. MONITORING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) 



6a. NAME OF PERFORMING ORGANIZATION 

USAEWES, Coastal Engineering 
Research Center 



6b. OFFICE SYMBOL 
(If applicable) 



7a. NAME OF MONITORING ORGANIZATION 



6c. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) 
PO Box 631 
Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 



7b ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) 



8a. NAME OF FUNDING/SPONSORING 
ORGANIZATION 
US Army Corps of Engineers 



8b OFFICE SYMBOL 
(If applicable) 



9. PROCUREMENT INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER 



8c. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) 

Washington, DC 20314-1000 



10. SOURCE OF FUNDING NUMBERS 



1 1 TITLE (Include Security Classification) 

Sources of Coastal Engineering Information 



12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) 

Chu, Yen-hsi; Lund, Robert B. ; Camfield, Fred E. 



13a. TYPE OF REPORT 
Final report 



13b TIME COVERED 
FROM 



TO 



14 DATE OF REPORT (Year, Month, Day) 15 PAGE COUNT 
January 1987 249 



16. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTATION 

Available from National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, 
VA 22161. 



17. 



COSATI CODES 



FIELD 



GROUP 



SUB-GROUP 



18 SUBJECT TERMS (Continue on reverse if necessary and identify by block number) 
Coastal engineering 
Coastal zone management 



19. ABSTRACT (Continue on reverse if necessary and identify by block number) 

Coastal engineering is a specialized branch of the engineering profession which 
requires the knowledge of many physical sciences and engineering disciplines in the 
practice. Typical coastal projects involve planning, design, and/or construction for 
harbor developments; navigation channel improvements; coastal inlet stabilization; coastal 
flooding and shoreline erosion protection; and beach restorations and nourishments. 
Coastal engineers not only have to be familiar with the broad disciplines and the up-to- 
date technologies in their practices, they must also have appropriate environmental data 
to ensure the safety, and economical and functional reliability of their undertakings. As 
the Shore Protection Manual provides a handy reference for the application of techniques 
and methodologies to the solutions of coastal engineering problems, this report addresses 
the sources of coastal engineering data and information. 



(Continued) 



20. DISTRIBUTION /AVAILABILITY OF ABSTRACT 
(53 UNCLASSIFIED/UNLIMITED □ SAME AS RPT 



□ DTIC USERS 



21 ABSTRACT SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 

Unclassified 



22a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE INDIVIDUAL 



22b TELEPHONE (Include Area Code) 22c OFFICE SYMBOL 



DD FORM 1 473, 84 mar 



83 APR edition may be used until exhausted 
All other editions are obsolete 



SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE 

Unclassified. 



MBL/WHOI 



03D1 D0T1E57 5 



Unclassified 



tlCURITY CLAUDICATION OF TMII PAOI 



19. ABSTRACT (Continued). 

The success or failure of a particular coastal design is often directly related to 
the amount and quality of available data and information related to the physical condi- 
tions at the project site. In many cases, the designer is unnecessarily restricted 
because of ignorance of potential sources of useful information, most of which are easily 
accessible. Knowledge and proper use of these information sources could result both in 
monetary savings and in an improvement in the quality of the final products. 

The importance and economic value of existing data and information have long been 
recognized. In recent years major efforts have been undertaken to make available to the 
public vast amounts of information and data generated by Federally funded activities. 

The National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service of the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration represents a typical organization which provides a 
number of Federal data banks and services on data management and data analysis. Numerous 
information centers and referral services, public and private, are also becoming available 
to the users. However, ocean engineers, in general, are lacking in awareness and utiliza- 
tion of the available information resources. This publication increases the awareness and 
promotes the utilization of sources of coastal engineering information by compiling the 
available sources in a single handy reference volume; directs users to appropriate organi- 
zations, personnel, or publications for engineering data or information; and facilitates 
engineering design or analysis with a minimum effort in site-specific data acquisition 
activities. 

Coastal engineering data or information covered by this report include: (a) meteo- 
rology and climatology; (b) water levels; (c) winds and storms; (d) waves and currents; 
(e) ice information; (f) littoral transport and shoreline erosion; (g) coastal geology and 
geomorphology; (h) topography, hydrography, and bathymetry; and (i) earthquakes and 
tsunamis. 

There are data sources, particularly sources from the private sector, that may have 
been left out by this report. Also, new data sources and/or data files may have been 
established since the publication of this report. In order to benefit the coastal engi- 
neering community with complete and up-to-date information, suggestions of new sources and 
data information are solicited; they should be sent to the authors. The Coastal Engi- 
neering Research Center will update the present publication when the needs become 
apparent. 



Unclassif ieH 

SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE 



PREFACE 

The investigations summarized in this report were authorized by the 
Office, Chief of Engineers (OCE) , US Army Corps of Engineers, and performed as 
a part of Civil Works Research Work Unit 31234, "Developing Functional and 
Structural Design Criteria." Funds were provided through the Coastal 
Structures Evaluation and Design Research and Development Program administered 
by the Coastal Design Branch of the Coastal Engineering Research Center (CERC) 
at the US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES) . 

This report was written by Dr. Yen-hsi Chu, Mr. Robert B. Lund, and 
Dr. Fred E. Camfield, CERC. Ms. Jamie W. Leach, Information Technology 
Laboratory, WES, was the technical editor. 

The work was conducted under general direction of Mr. C. E. Chatham, Jr., 
Chief, Wave Dynamics Division; Mr. Charles C. Calhoun, Jr., Assistant Chief, 
CERC; and Dr. James R. Houston, Chief, CERC. 

COL Allen F. Grum, USA, was the previous Director of WES. COL Dwayne G. 
Lee, CE, is the present Commander and Director of WES. Dr. Robert W. Whalin 
is Technical Director. 



CONTENTS 



PREFACE . . 
PART I: 
PART II: 
PART ITT: 
PART IV: 
PART V: 
PART VI: 
PART VII: 
PART VIII: 
PART IX: 
APPENDIX A: 

APPENDIX B: 

APPENDIX C: 
APPENDIX D: 

APPENDIX E 
APPENDIX F 
APPENDIX G 
APPENDIX H 



INTRODUCTION 

METEOROLOGY AN!) CLIMATOLOGY 

WATER LEVELS 

WAVES AND CURRENTS 

ICE INFORMATION 

BEACH EROSION AND LITTORAL TRANSPORT . . 

TOPOGRAPHY, HYDROGRAPHY, AND BATHYMETRY 

GEOLOGY AND GEOMORPHOLOGY 

EARTHQUAKE INFORMATION AND TSUNAMIS . . 

LIST OF OFFICES OF THE US ARMY CORPS OF 
ENGINEERS 



US GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE AND ITS 
BOOKSTORES 



SOURCES OF INFORMATION, US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 



LIST OF STATE CONSERVATIONISTS, SOIL CONSERVATION 
SERVICE, US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



US COAST GUARD DISTRICTS AND ADDRESSES . . . 
LIST OF CONTACTS FOR COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT 
LIST OF STATE GEOSCIENCE AGENCIES ..... 
COASTAL AND MARINE INFORMATION CENTERS . . . 



Page 

i 

1-1 

II-l 

III-l 

IV- 1 

V-l 

VI-1 

VII-1 

VIII-1 

IX- 1 

A-l 

B-l 
C-l 

D-l 
E-l 
F-l 

G-l 
H-l 



SOURCKS 01' CUASTAI, KNC i NKliRl NCI I N 1' ORMM' I ON 

PART I: INTRODUCTION 
Objectives 



Coastal engineering is a specialized branch of the engineering profession 
which requires the knowledge of many physical sciences and engineering disci- 
plines in the practice. Typical coastal projects involve planning, design, 
and/or construction for harbor developments; navigation channel improvements; 
coastal inlet stabilization; coastal flooding and shoreline erosion protec- 
tion; and beach restorations and nourishments. Coastal engineers not only 
have to be familiar with the broad disciplines and the up-to-date technologies 
in their practices, they must also have appropriate environmental data to 
ensure the safety, and economical and functional reliability of their under- 
takings. As the Shore Protection Manual (SPM) (1984) provides a handy refer- 
ence for the application of techniques and methodologies to the solutions of 
coastal engineering problems, this report addresses the sources of coastal 
engineering data and information. 

The success or failure of a particular coastal design is often directly 
related to the amount and quality of available data and information related to 
the physical conditions at the project site. In many cases, the designer is 
unnecessarily restricted because of ignorance of potential sources of useful 
information, most of which are easily accessible. Knowledge and proper use of 
these information sources could result both in monetary savings and in an 
improvement in the quality of the final products. 

The importance and economic value of existing data and information have 
long been recognized. In recent years major efforts have been undertaken to 
make available to the public vast amounts of information and data generated by 
Federally funded activities. 

The National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service of the 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) represents a typical 
organization which provides a number of Federal data banks and services on 
data management and data analysis. Numerous information centers and referral 
services, public and private, are also becoming available to the users. 
However, according to the findings by the Panel on Marine Engineering 
Information and Data Exchange of the National Academy of Science (National 
Academy of Sciences 1975), ocean engineers, in general, are lacking in 
awareness and utilization of the available information resources. The objec- 
tives of this publication are to: 

(a) Increase the awareness and promote the utilization of sources of 
coastal engineering information by compiling the available sources 
in a single handy reference volume. 

(b) Direct users to appropriate organizations, personnel, or publi- 
cations for engineering data or information. 

(c) Facilitate engineering design or analysis with a minimum effort in 
site-specific data acquisition activities. 



1-1 



It is hoped that this reference will provide the coastal engineers and 
other professionals with sufficient details to facilitate their effort in 
searching for site-specific design or planning information. 

Guidelines and Criteria 

During the earlier phase of this research, questions concerning the sub- 
ject categories to be covered, types of data to be collected and documented, 
criteria in terms of spatial and temporal coverages, the extent of information 
to be presented, etc., have been frequently raised. It was soon realized that 
there is no obvious answer to most of these questions unless some clear guide- 
lines with respect to information collection can be drawn. The present publi- 
cation is planned for a handy data reference and is not intended to be a bib- 
liographic listing. Therefore, effort was directed to developing a complete 
reference without being voluminous. When the usefulness of a particular data 
set is in doubt, the decision would be made based on whether the inclusion of 
this data set would reveal an important and valuable data source. If the same 
source organization had other data sets that have been already included, then 
the data set in question was not included. Because of this guideline being 
used in the information collection, the users must be aware that the listing 
presented in this publication is by no means complete. It is their own 
responsibility to inquire about the availability of other related data or 
information from the source agency. 

All the information or data referred to by this report are prototype data 
which can be directly related to site-specific design applications. Simulated 
data from either physical or mathematical models are generally not included. 
Exceptions to this guideline are the hindcast wave data, predicted tsunami and 
surge and meteorological records, and statistical properties derived from the 
prototype data. 

Formats of Presentation 

Coastal engineering data or information covered by this report include: 



Meteorology and climatology. 

Water levels. 

Winds and storms. 

Waves and currents. 

Ice information. 

Littoral transport and shoreline erosion. 

Coastal geology and geomorphology. 

Topography, hydrography, and bathymetry. 

Earthquakes and tsunamis. 



Information about these data and their sources is presented in the following 
chapters. In many instances, a publication may contain more than one type of 
data. Duplicated information sheets are then placed at the appropriate chap- 
ters if the data are considered to be "extensive"; otherwise, cross references 
are given in the form of "additional information." There is no specific 
effort to cross-reference the data sources presented in Part II, "Meteorology 
and Climatology." Users should review this Part for their information 
research. 



1-2 



The information documented is either in the form of a publication or 
stored as a data file in data banks. On each information sheet, the name, 
address, and telephone number of the source organization are provided at the 
top of the page. If the information is in the form of a publication, then the 
subject title, author's name, and publication number follow. The date of 
publication or publication interval is also provided. Location and time 
period in which the data were gathered are also included. The "contents" 
section provides a brief data description including the specific types of data 
presented in the publication. The telephone number and address at which the 
publication can be obtained are provided to benefit the users. 

If the data are stored in a data bank, the kind of data or the name of 
the data file is then given. Additional information concerning the data file 
includes locations, description of data, response format, qualified users, and 
point of contact. Minor variation in the format of presentations may occur in 
this report for the convenience of presentation. 

Appendices A-H of this report provide lists and addresses of information 
sources. 

Suggestions and Comments 

There are data sources, particularly sources from the private sector, 
that may have been left out of this report. Also, new data sources and/or 
data files may have been established since the publication of this report. In 
order to benefit the coastal engineering community with complete and up-to- 
date information, suggestions of new sources and data information are solici- 
ted; they should be sent to: 

Coastal Engineering Research Center 

USAE Waterways Experiment Station 

ATTN: WESCW-D 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

The Coastal Engineering Research Center (CERC) will update the present publi- 
cation when the need becomes apparent. 

References 

National Academy of Sciences, "Information and Data Exchange for Ocean 
Engineers, An Approach to Improvement," Washington, DC, 1975. 

Shore Protection Manual , US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, 
Coastal Engineering Research Center, US Government Printing Office, 1984. 



1-3 



PART II: METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY 



Page 
No. 

National Climatic Data Center II-2 

Local Climatological Data II-2 

Climatological Data II-3 

Mariners Weather Log II-4 

Marine Climatological Summaries II-5 

Summary of Synoptic Meteorological Observations, Coastal Marine 

Areas II-6 

Summary of Synoptic Meteorological Observations for Great Lakes 

Areas II-9 

Selective Guide to Climatic Data Sources 11-10 

Storm Data 11-11 

Mariners Worldwide Climatic Guide to Tropical Storms at Sea . . . 11-12 

National Hurricane Center 11-13 

Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean, 1877-1980 11-13 

A Tropical Cyclone Data Type for the North Atlantic Basin, 1886- 

1983, Contents, Limitations, and Uses 11-14 

Coastal Engineering Research Center 11-15 

Littoral Environmental Observation (LEO) Data Summaries, North 

California, 1968-1978 11-15 

CERC Field Research Facility Environmental Data Summary, 

1977-1979 11-16 

Annual Data Summary for 1980, CERC Field Research Facility .... 11-17 

US Naval Oceanography Command 11-18 

U.S. Navy Marine Climatic Atlas of the World 11-18 

US Naval Oceanographic Office 11-20 

Oceanographic Atlas of the Polar Seas, Part II, Arctic 11-20 

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service .... 11-21 

A Climatologic and Oceanographic Analysis of the Georges Bank 

Region of the Outer Continental Shelf 11-21 

Arctic Environmental Information and Data Center 11-22 

Climatic Atlas of the Outer Continental Shelf Waters 

and Coastal Regions of Alaska 11-22 



II-l 



National Climatic Data Center 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

Federal Building 

Asheville, NC 28801 

(704) 259-0682, FTS 672-0682 

Publications 



Publication Interval: 



Local Climatological Data 

Monthly summaries and an annual summary are 
published for each individual station. 



Location: 



Approximately 300 stations nationwide. Some 
stations are added while other stations are 
deleted from time to time. 



Period of Coverage: 



1897 to present 



Contents: This publication comprises two issues: Local Climatological Data, 
Monthly Summary; and Local Climatological Data, Annual Summary with Compara- 
tive Data. Local Climatological Data, Monthly Summary, presents basic clima- 
tological data including temperature (daily maximum, minimum, average, etc.), 
precipitation, atmospheric pressure, wind speed and direction, sunshine and 
sky cover, together with a table of hourly precipitation data for the month. 
Data are presented by daily and 3-hr intervals. Predecessor issues were 
titled the Monthly Meteorological Summary (1897-1947) and Monthly Clima- 
tological Summary (1948-1952). The earlier issues varied greatly in format 
and content from time to time. Local Climatological Data, Annual Summary with 
Comparative Data, contains a narrative climatological summary and sequential 
tables of monthly and annual values of average temperature, total and cooling- 
degree days. Also included is a station location table, showing in detail a 
history of, and related information about, changes in location and exposure 
instruments. 



Subscription Rate 
or Cost: 



Subscription rate will be quoted upon request 
by the Director, National Climatic Data Center, 
Federal Building, Asheville, NC 28801. Nominal 
costs are charged for copies of back issues. 
Most issues that are two or more years old are 
out of print. All issues can be provided on 
microfiche or as paper copy prepared from the 
microfiche. 



Available From: 



National Climatic Data Center 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

Federal Building 

Asheville, NC 28801 

(704) 259-0682, FTS 672-0682 



II-2 



National Climatic Data Center (Continued) 

Climatological Data 
Publication Interval: Monthly and annually 

Location: Published for state or combination of states 

Period of Publication: Late 1890s to the present (varies from state to 

state) 

Contents: The current monthly issue contains a temperature and precipitation 
extremes table, a summarized station and divisional data table, a daily pre- 
cipitation table, a daily temperature table, a daily snowfall and snow on 
ground table, an evaporation and wind table, daily soil temperature, and a 
station index table. The annual issue presents tables as follows: monthly 
and annual average temperature and departures from normal; monthly and annual 
total precipitation and departures from normal; temperature extremes and 
freeze data; monthly and annual total evaporation and wind movement; monthly 
and annual average and extreme soil temperatures at selected depths; precipi- 
tation measured in storage gages; and a station index. 

Subscription Rate Subscription rate will be quoted upon request by 

or Cost: the Director, National Climatic Center, Federal 

Building, Asheville, NC 28801. Nominal costs 
are charged for copies of back issues. 

Available From: National Climatic Data Center 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

Federal Building 

Asheville, NC 28801 

(704) 259-0682, FTS 672-0682 



II-3 



National Climatic Data Center (Continued) 

Mariners Weather Log 
Publication Interval: Bimonthly 



Location: North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans, and 

Great Lakes 

Period of Coverage: 1957 to present 

Contents: Current publication contains marine meteorological and climatologi- 
cal information. Special features include Hints to Observers, Tips to Radio 
Officers, Hurricane Alley, and Marine Weather Diary. Rough logs (incomplete 
records) of general weather conditions for the second and third months prior 
to the date of each issue and smooth logs (complete records) of conditions for 
the fifth and sixth months prior to the date of each issue are furnished. 
Tables of selected gale and wave observations for the North Atlantic and North 
Pacific Oceans are presented together with a bimonthly summary of US Ocean 
Buoy Climatological Data. 

Subscription Rate Free 

or Cost: 

Available From: National Oceanographic Data Center (D762) 

Page Building 1, Room 400 
Washington, DC 20235 
(202) 234-7500 



II-4 



National Climatic Data Center (Continued) 

Marine Climatological Summaries 
Publication Date: . N/A 



Location: 60 marine areas or fixed ships assigned to the 

United States by the World Meteorological 
Organization (WMO) 

Period of Coverage: 1961-1970 

Contents: This series of publications was prepared and published with cooper- 
ation between NOAA and WMO. There are ten volumes, one volume per year for 
1961-1970. Each volume contains monthly, seasonal, and annual summaries for 
selected elements; frequencies of visibility; specific weather conditions; 
cloud cover; dry-bulb temperature; dew-point temperature; sea surface temper- 
ature; air-sea temperature difference; atmospheric pressure; and wind force by 
30 direction sectors. Also included are seasonal tables of observed frequen- 
cies of wave heights and periods by 30 direction sectors and for all direc- 
tions combined. 

Available From: National Climatic Data Center 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

Federal Building 

Asheville, NC 28801 

(704) 259-0682, FTS 672-0682 



II-5 



National Climatic Data Center (Continued) 

Summary of Synoptic Meteorological Observations (Area of World) 
Coastal Marine Areas 



Publication Date: 

Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



1970 and after 



500 selected marine areas throughout world 



N/A 



Contents: This serial publication is produced by a joint effort of the Naval 
Weather Service's Detachment at Asheville, N. C, and NOAA's National Climatic 
Data Center and is based upon marine surface observations taken aboard vessels 
of varying registry in passages. Since ships tend to avoid bad weather when 
possible, the data may contain a bias toward good weather. There are 21 data 
tables for each coastal marine area. Tables 1-19 are prepared for each 
calendar month, with an annual summary for each. Tables 20 and 21 contain 
both monthly and annual summaries. Because the number of observations may 
vary from one table to another, no absolute relationship exists between the 
tables. The period of record used in each volume is indicated. The tables 
presented (described below) are based upon eight observation times per day 
(Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) ) . 

Table 1 - Percent frequency of weather occurrence by wind direction. 

Table 2 - Percent frequency of weather occurrence by hour. 

Table 3 - Percent frequency of wind direction by speed and by hour and 

hour groups; the mean wind speed by direction is also shown. 
Table 4 - Percent frequency of wind speed by hour and mean speed by 

hour. 
Table 5 - Percent frequency of total cloud amount by wind direction and 

the mean cloud amount by wind direction. 
Table 6 - Percent frequency of ceiling heights and no ceiling by wind 

direction. 
Table 7 - Cumulative percent frequency of simultaneous occurrence of 

ceiling height and visibility, and percent frequency of low 

clouds. 
Table 8 - Percent frequency of wind direction versus occurrence or non- 
occurrence of precipitation and varying of visibility. 
Table 9 - Percent frequency of wind direction versus wind speed with 

varying values of visibility. 
Table 10 - Percent frequency of ceiling heights and no ceiling by hour. 
Table 11 - Percent frequency of visibility by hour. 
Table 12 - Cumulative percent frequency of ranges of visibility and 

ceiling height by hour. 
Table 13 - Percent frequency of relative humidity by air temperature. 
Table 14 - Percent frequency of wind direction by air temperature. 
Table 15 - Means, extremes, and percentiles of air temperature by hour. 
Table 16 - Percent frequency of relative humidity by hour. 
Table 17 - Percent frequency of air temperature and the occurrence of fog 
(without precipitation) versus air-sea temperature difference. 



II-6 



National Climatic Data Center (Continued) 

Table 18 - Percent frequency of surface wind speed and direction versus 

sea height. 
Table 19 - Percent frequency of wave height versus wave period. 
Table 20 - Monthly and annual percent frequencies and means of sea 

surface temperature. 
Table 21 - Monthly and annual average sea level pressures by hour. 

Monthly extremes and percentile values are also shown. 

This series of publications covers 17 major coastal marine areas. The follow- 
ing tabulation lists the number of values and sub-areas for each marine area. 



Marine Area 



East African and selected island areas 
Southwest Asian coastal areas 
Southeast Asian coastal areas 
Indonesian coastal areas 
Australian coastal areas 
Chinese-Philippine coastal areas 
Hawaiian and selected North Pacific 

Island coastal areas 
Japanese and Korean coastal areas 
Siberian coastal areas 
Alaskan and British Columbian 

coastal areas 
North American coastal areas 
Caribbean and nearby island 

coastal areas 
South American coastal areas 
Mediterranean marine areas 
West African and selected 

island areas 
Western European coastal areas 
South Pacific island areas 



Number of 
Volumes 

5 
6 
4 
6 
3 
5 
5 

11 
4 

5 

6 
6 

5 
9 
3 



Number of 
Sub-areas 

12 
24 
14 
40 
22 
20 
17 

33 
28 
18 

41 
35 

36 
35 
22 

50 
32 



Available From: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



Definite ordering information can be 

obtained from: 

Marine Climatological Branch 

D762, Page Building 1, Room 400 

Washington, DC 20235 



II-7 



National Climatic Data Center (Continued) 

Additional Information: Other marine cl imatological publications which 

present narrative, geophysical chart, or both, 
and which contain information similar to that 
provided in the Summary of Synoptic Meteorologi- 
cal Observations, Coastal Marine Areas Series, 
are : 

"Climatic Study of the Near Coastal Zone, 
East Coast of the U.S." (AD A024 991)* 

"Climatic Study of the Near Coastal Zone, 
West Coast of the U.S." (AD A024 992)* 

"Northeast Atlantic Environmental Scenario" 
(AD A781 673)* 

"Northeast Pacific Environmental Scenario" 
(AD A781 673)* 

*National Technical Information Service (NTIS) Accession Number. 



II-? 



National Climatic Data Center (Continued) 

Summary of Synoptic Meteorological Observations for Great Lakes Areas 

Publication Date: N/A 

Location: 13 major Great Lakes areas 

Period of Coverage: 1960-1973 

Contents: This series of publications contains four volumes: Vol 1 - Lake 
Ontario and Lake Erie, Vol 2 - Lake Huron and Georgian Bay, Vol 3 - Lake 
Michigan, and Vol 4 - Lake Superior. The data summaries are based on observa- 
tions taken on board vessels in passage on the Great Lakes. There are 21 data 
tables for each of the 13 areas. Tables 1-19 are prepared for each calendar 
month with an annual summary for statistics of wind direction, wind speed, 
cloud cover, ceiling height and visibility, precipitation, relative humidity, 
air temperature, air-sea temperature difference, wave height, and wave period. 
Tables 20 and 21 contain both monthly and annual summaries of sea-surface 
temperature and sea-level pressure. 

Available From: National Climatic Data Center 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

Federal Building 

Asheville, NC 28801 

(704) 259-0682, FTS 672-0682 



1 1-9 



National Climatic Data Center (Continued) 

Selective Guide to Climatic Data Source Key to 
Meteorological Records Documentation No. 4.11 
Dut.son, K. D., and Hatch, W. L. 

Publication Date: October 1981 

Location: N/A 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: This guide is designed to assist potential users of climatological 
data by informing them of the availability of such data in published and 
unpublished form. It is arranged to indicate the publication(s) in which 
these data in their various climatological categories (temperature, precipita- 
tion, wind, atmospheric pressure, humidity, etc.) may be found. A brief 
review of the pertinent historical facts associated with each publication is 
given where appropriate. The various climatological tables, charts, and 
graphs included in each publication are listed, and in many cases abbreviated 
examples are shown. 

Several climatological atlases have been prepared by NOAA and by agencies 
in the Department of Defense. The descriptions provide ordering information 
for these publications. 

All back issues of serial climatological publications and many one-time 
issues containing specialized climatic data have been placed on 4- by 6-in. 
microfiche. Future issues will also be filmed in order to maintain continuity 
and integrity in the microfiche file. In addition, some of the unpublished 
data compilations have been placed on 100-ft reels of 16mm film. Either film 
copies of existing microforms or paper copies of the publications or data 
compilations can be provided as required. Generally, microfilm and microfiche 
copy costs much less than paper copy. If microforms are desired, contact 
National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) to determine the availability and cost of 
the desired materials. 

Although this guide refers primarily to published climatological data, it 
should be noted that a wealth of unpublished climatological data and/or sum- 
maries is also available in the NCDC files. Part V herein describes indexes 
to many of these materials. 

Most of the currently published and unpublished materials described in 
the guide were prepared at NCDC from digitized representations (magnetic tape) 
of the original records. Information about the content and format of these 
digital data files and how copies may be obtained is available from NCDC upon 
request. 

Available From: National Climatic Data Center 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

Federal Building 

Asheville, NC 28801 

(704) 259-0682, FTS 672-0682 



11-10 



National Climatic Data Center (Continued) 

Storm Data 

Publication Date Monthly since January 1959 

and Interval: 

Location: The 50 states 

Contents: This guide contains a chronological listing, by state, of the 
occurrence of storms and other unusual weather phenomena. The data contain: 
date, place, and local time of storm; width and length of storm; path of 
storm; deaths and injuries; property and crop damage; type of storm; and a 
description of the storm which may or may not include wind and rainfall data. 

Available From: National Climatic Data Center 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

Federal Building 

Asheville, NC 28801 

(704) 259-0682, FTS 672-0682 



11-11 



National Climatic Data Center (Continued) 

Mariners Worldwide Climatic Guide to Tropical Storms at Sea 
Crutcher, H., NAVAIR 50-1C-61 

Publication Date: 1974 

Location: Worldwide 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: This 425-page guide provides narrative information about where and 
when tropical storms occur, their frequency of occurrence, and the general 
paths they follow. The narrative descriptions are supplemented with numerous 
charts, graphs, and diagrams. Also included are aerial, satellite, and sur- 
face photographs of tropical storms, and average sea conditions from 1/4-ft 
waves to greater than 37-ft waves associated with wind speeds from calm to 
130 knots. The charts are presented in two sections: storm track and fre- 
quency maps, and tropical cyclone roses. 

The track and frequency maps section provides charts by season and/or by 
10- to 30-day intervals during the tropical storm season for the North Atlan- 
tic, Eastern, North Pacific, Western North Pacific, Southeast Indian, South- 
west Indian, and Southwest Pacific Ocean basins, and the Arabian Sea, Bay of 
Bengal, and Indochina oceanic areas. Each chart presents tracks preferred by 
tropical storms and their frequency along these tracks, and isopleths showing 
the scaler mean (average) speed, in knots, of storm movements based on 12-hr 
displacements . 

The tropical cyclone roses section presents monthly and annual charts for 
various storm stages (tropical cyclone, tropical storm, hurricane, and tropi- 
cal storm-hurricane combined) for the North Atlantic (including the Caribbean 
and Gulf of Mexico), Eastern North Pacific, Western North Pacific, Southwest 
Pacific and Australian area (including the Southeastern Indian Ocean) , South 
Indian, and North Indian (including the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea) Ocean 
basins. The storm roses are presented for 5-deg latitude-longitude quad- 
rangles. Each storm rose depicts statistics on the direction and speed of 
12-hr movements for tropical cyclone centers. The probability, in percent, of 
having at least one storm in any given year is also shown. 

Available From: Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 783-3238 

(GPO Stock No. 003-019-00025-0) 

Additional Information: This publication was published by the Naval 

Weather Service Command and was prepared by the 
NCDC in cooperation with the Naval Weather 
Service Environmental Detachment, Asheville, 
NC. 



11-12 



National Hurricane Center 
National Climatic Data Center 
US Department of Commerce /NOAA 
Gables One Tower - Room 631 
1320 Dixie Highway 
Coral Gable, FL 33146 
(305) 666-4612, FTS 350-5547 



Publications 



Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean, 1871-1980 
Neuman, C, Cry, G. , Caso, E., and Jarvisen, B. 



Publication Date: 



1981 



Location: 



US Atlantic coast and the North Atlantic 
Ocean, including the Caribbean and Gulf of 
Mexico 



Period of Coverage: 



1871-1980 



Contents: This publication is an update and revision of US Weather Bureau 
Technical Paper No. 36 (1959) and No. 55 (1965). It consolidates the records 
of seasonal and chronological occurrence of tropical cyclones in the North 
Atlantic Ocean. Narrative information provided includes a discussion of the 
characteristics of tropical cyclones, classification of Atlantic tropical 
cyclones, data sources used, accuracy of tracks and intensity classifications, 
North Atlantic tropical cyclone tracks, and the frequency of North Atlantic 
tropical cyclones with supplemental graphs and tabular material. Two sets of 
tropical cyclone track charts are included: one shows storm tracks by year 
(107 charts); the second (26 charts) by month (May through December), and by 
10- or 11-day periods (June 1 through November 30). 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



Superintendent of Documents 

Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 783-3238 

(GPO Stock No. 003-017-00425-2) 

National Climatic Data Center 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

Federal Building 

Asheville, NC 28801 

(704) 259-0682, FTS 672-0682 

Separates are prepared annually of the North 
Atlantic Tropical Cyclones portion of the annual 
issue of Climatological Data National Summary 
published by NCDC. These separates may be 
obtained from NCDC at the above address. 



11-13 



National Hurricane Center (Continued) 

A Tropica] Cyclone Data Type for the North Atlantic Basin, 

1 886- 1 98^ : Contents, Limitations and Uses 

Jarvinen, B. R., et al., NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS NHC22 

Publication Date: March 1984 

Location: US Atlantic coast and North Atlantic Ocean, 

including the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico 

Period of Coverage: 1886-1983 

Contents: The National Hurricane Center (NHC) maintains a computer file on 
North Atlantic tropical cyclones. The file contains dates, tracks, wind 
speeds, and central pressure values when available for all tropical cyclones. 
This report describes the data organization, data formats, and limitations. 
Several uses of the data are demonstrated. 

Available From: National Hurricane Center 

National Climatic Data Center 
US Department of Commerce /NOAA 
Gables One Tower - Room 631 
1320 Dixie Highway 
Coral Gable, FL 33146 
(305) 666-4612, FTS 350-5547 



11-14 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (CERC) 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-063 1 

(601) 634-3000, FTS 542-3000 

Publications 

Littoral Environmental Observation (LEO) Data Summaries 
Northern California, 1968-78 , 
Schneider, C. and Weggel, J. R. , No. 82-6 



Publication Date: 



August 1982 



Location: 



25 selected sites in northern California (from 
the Monterey Peninsula to the Oregon border) 



Contents: This publication contains information on: (a) wave conditions 
(direction, period, breaker height, breaker type); (b) beach data (littoral 
current speed and direction, beach foreslope, rip current data, beach cusp 
spacings, monthly photos, tide level, sand sample data); and (c) wind data 
(speed and direction). 



Additional Information: 



Available From: 



Contact the Coastal Engineering Information 
Analysis Center, CERC, USAE Waterways Experiment 
Station, PO Box 631, Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 
(601-634-3000 or FTS 542-3000) for additional 
information on LEO data and programs. 

National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. A128 551) 



11-15 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

CERC Field Research Facility Environmental Data Summary, 1977-1979 
Miller, C. H. , MR- 16 

Publication Date: December 1982 

Location: Duck, N. C. 

Period of Coverage: 1977-1979 

Contents: This report, the first in a series of annual reports, provides 
basic data and summaries of the environmental measurements including water 
level data, LEO data, weather data, wind and wave roses, sediment size and 
distribution data, and beach bathymetry. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, Virginia 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A128 551) 

Additional Information: Contact the CERC Field Research Facility, Duck, 

N. C, (919) 261-3511. 



11-16 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Annual Data Summary for 1980, CERC Field Research Facility 
Miller, H. C, TR CERC-84-1 



Publication Date: 

Location: 

Period of Coverage : 



February 1984 
Duck, N. C. 
Jan-Dec 1980 



Contents: This report provides basic data and summaries of the measurements 
made during 1980 at the US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES) 
Coastal Engineering Research Center's Field Research Facility (FRF) in Duck, 
N. C. The report is the second in a series of annual summaries of data col- 
lected at the FRF; the first, which summarizes data collected during 1977— 
1979, was published as Coastal Engineering Research Center Miscellaneous 
Report 82-16 and is available from the WES Technical Report Distribution Sec- 
tion, Vicksburg, Miss. 

Data presented include meteorological data summary, monthly precipitation 
for 1978-1980, seasonal significant wave height statistics, seasonal peak wave 
period statistics, tide statistics, aerial photography inventory, foreshore 
sediment data, etc. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, Virginia 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. A128 551) 

FRF's data collection is an ongoing program. 
The CERC Coastal Engineering Information 
Analysis Center (CEIAC) is responsible for 
storing and disseminating most of the data 
presented or alluded to in this report. Tidal 
data other than the summaries in this report 
should be obtained directly from the Tides 
Branch, National Ocean Service (NOS) , Rockville, 
MD 20850. A complete explanation of the exact 
data desired for specific dates or times will 
expedite filling any request; an explanation of 
how the data will be used will help CEIAC or NOS 
determine if other relevant data are available. 
For information regarding the availability of 
data, contact CEIAC at (601) 634-2012. Costs 
for collecting, copying, and mailing will be 
borne by the requester. 



11-17 



US Naval Oceanography Command 
Weather Service Detachment 
Asheville, NC 28801 

Publication 

U.S. Navy Marine Climatic Atlas of the World 

Publication Dates: Volume I (NAVAIR 50-1C-52R) - North Atlantic 

Ocean (Revised 1974) 

Volume II (NAVAIR 50-1C-529) - North Pacific 
Ocean (Revised 1977) 

Volume III (NAVAIR 50-1C-530) - Indian Ocean 
(Revised 1976) 

Volume IV (NAVAIR 50-1C-531) - South Atlantic 
Ocean (Revised 1978) 

Volume V (NAVAIR 50-1C-532) - South Pacific 
Ocean (Revised 1979) 

Location: See above tabulations 

Period of Coverage: Varies for each volume 

Contents: This atlas is published in five volumes. It is a revision of the 
eight-volume "U.S. Navy Marine Climatic Atlas of the World" that was published 
during the years 1955 through 1969 and which is now out of print. Each volume 
is presented in two parts: Part I - Meteorology, and Part II - Oceanography. 

Part I - Meteorology presents isopleth analyses, by months, for the 
following elements: 

(a) Surface Winds (percent frequency of speeds less than 11 knots and 
greater than 33 knots) . 

(b) Surface Air Temperature (mean air temperature and percent frequency 
of freezing temperatures and temperatures of 20°C and higher) . 

(c) Temperature Extremes and Temperature - Humidity Index (99% and 1% 
quantile values for maximum and minimum temperatures, respectively, and per- 
cent frequency of temperature-humidity index values greater than 23°C) . 

(d) Sea Surface Temperature (mean temperature and the 99% and 1% 
quantile values for maximum and minimum temperature, respectively). 

(e) Humidity (99% and 1% quantile values for dew point temperatures) . 

(f ) Precipitation (percent frequency of precipitation and of snow) . 

(g) Visibility (percent frequency of visibility less than 2 nautical 
miles and equal to or greater than 5 nautical miles) . 

(h) Cloud Cover (percent frequency of total cloud amount equal to or 
less than 2/8 and equal to or greater than 5/8 for low cloud amount) . 

(i) Ceiling and Visibility (percent frequency of low cloud amount ceil- 
ing equal to or greater than 1,000 ft and visibility equal to or greater than 
5 nautical miles, and percent frequency of ceiling less than 600 ft and/or 
visibility less than 2 nautical miles) . 

(j) Wind - Visibility - Cloudiness (percent frequency for two specified 
conditions: poor and optimum). 



11-18 



US Naval Oceanography Command (Continued) 

(k) Sea Level Pressure and Mean Wind (mean sea level pressure in milli- 
bars and scalar mean winds) . 

(1) Waves (percent frequency of wave heights of less than 1.5 and 2.5 m 
and greater than 3.5 and 6.0 m) . 

Each of the above isopleth analyses is supplemented with graphical pre- 
sentations and tabular data for selected areas in the ocean basin. Two addi- 
tional charts are presented for each month: how Pressure Centers, which 
depicts the mean storm tracks and principal areas of cyclogenesis; and 
Tropical Cyclone, which presents eight point tropical cyclone movement roses 
for each 5-deg latitude-longitude quadrangle in the ocean basin. 

Part II - Oceanography presents monthly charts of sea ice concentrations 
and extremes, seasonal charts of surface currents, types of tides, and tide 
ranges. Also included are summaries of ice freeze-up and breakup dates where 
appropriate. The isopleth analyses are multicolor. 



Available From: 



Individual volumes or the complete five-volume 

set may be purchased from: 

Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 783-3238 



The GPO Stock Nos. are: 



Volume 1 
Volume 2 
Volume 3 
Vo lume 4 
Volume 5 



008-042-00064-1 
008-042-00068-3 
008-042-00066-7 
008-042-00069-1 
008-042-00070-5 



Additional Information: 



A volume of the older set that remains unrevised 
is "US Navy Marine Climatic Atlas of the World, 
Volume VI, Arctic Ocean" (NAVWEPS 50-1C-533) . 
It was published in February 1963 by the Chief 
of Naval Operations. This volume may be 
obtained from GPO. 



11-19 



US Naval Oceanographic Office 
Hydrographic Department 
NSTL Station, MS 39529 
(601) 688-4015, FTS 494-4015 



Pub! ica t ion 



Oceanographic Atlas of the Polar Seas, Part TI, Arctic 
H.O. Publication No. 705 



Publication Date: 

Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



1958 (Reprinted 1968) 

Arctic Ocean and vicinity 

Most of the charts in this atlas were completed 
in early 1957 from all available data at that 
time . 



Contents: This atlas contains seven main sections: Tides and Currents, Ice, 
Physical Properties, Distribution of Oceanographic Observations, Marine 
Biology, Marine Geology, and Wind-Sea-Swell Data. 

The Tides and Currents section contains information on the type of tide, 
cotidal lines, spring tide range, general surface circulation, major drifts of 
vessels and ice islands, circulation of Atlantic waters in the Arctic Ocean, 
and other more site-specific data. 

The Physical Properties section has data in chart form of water tempera- 
ture, air-sea temperature differences, water salinity and water density in 
surface chart and vertical section form, and water color and transparency 
data. 

The Ice data is presented for each month in chart form that shows the 
percent sea surface covered by ice (concentration) . Variability data and 
maximum and minimum isolines of concentration are drawn on each monthly chart. 
Many freeze and breakup dates at specific sites are included along with other 
site-specific data. 

The Wind-Sea-Swell Data section contains seasonal surface wind roses and 
state of sea (chart with isolines showing percent frequency of seas 5 ft and 
greater) data, seasonal swell charts, an accumulated frequency distribution of 
height-period combinations and directional distributions of periods of surface 
waves for specific areas at different seasons, and station wave height data. 

The Marine Geology section includes map subsections on geologic 
structure, ocean basins, coastal plains and continental platforms, continental 
shields, fold systems, bottom sediments, gravity, magnetism, bathymetry, and 
seismicity-tsunami-volcanoes . 

The Marine Biology section contains fouling, marine algae and seagrass, 
marine mammals, and the deep scattering layer phenomena. 



Available From: 



Defense Technical Information Center 
Defense Logistics Agency 
Cameron Station 
Alexandria, VA 22314 
(Stock No. AD-708-701) 



11-20 



National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service 

Environmental Science Information Center (D822) 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

6009 Executive Boulevard 

Rockville, MD 20852 

Publication 



A Climatologic and Oceanographic Analysis of the 

Georges Bank Region of the Outer Continental Shelf 

Williams, Robert G. , et al. , S/T 78-441 



Publication Date: 
Period of Coverage: 
Location: 



September 1980 

N/A 

Georges Bank and Gulf of Maine, roughly 
39°-45° N, 60°-72° W, a total of seven stations 



Contents: This report describes the results of an environmental study of the 
Outer Continental Shelf areas at the Georges Bank and Gulf of Maine. It pre- 
sents meteorological data including surface wind, air temperature, visibility 
and superstructure icing, and oceanographic and bathymetric data of the 
region. Extensive discussions on subjects such as ocean circulation and sur- 
face wave conditions are included. It contains 229 figures (181 in the main 
text and 48 in the five appendices) . 



Available From: 



Additional Information; 



Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 783-3238 

(GPO Stock No. 1980-311-046-261) 

This publication was prepared for the Bureau of 
Land Management, US Department of the Interior. 
The data base for analyses was obtained for 
those archived at the National Oceanographic 
Data Center located in Page Building #1, 
2001 Wisconsin Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20235. 



11-21 



Arctic Environmental Information and Data Center (AEIDC) 
University of Alaska 
707 A Street 
Anchorage, AK 99501 

Publication 

Climatic Atlas of the Outer Continental Shelf Waters 
and Coastal Regions of Alaska 

Publication Date: 1977 

Location: Culf of Alaska (Volume I.) 

Bering Sea (Volume II) 
Chukchi and Beaufort Seas (Volume III) 

Contents: This publication is the result of a joint effort by AEIDC and the 
National Climatic Data Center/National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration to 
present descriptive climatology and data analysis of surface marine and 
atmospheric parameters for those waters and coastal regions of the Alaskan 
Outer Continental Shelf. The study was funded by the US Department of the 
Interior's Bureau of Land Management. 

The first section, "Selected Topics in Marine and Coastal Climatology," 
in each of three volumes contains information on storm surges, superstructure 
icing, hyperthermia, wind chill, surface currents, bathymetry, sea ice, and 
aviation weather. The second section, "Marine and Coastal Climatic Atlas," 
presents a detailed climatic profile in the form of isopleth analyses, graphs . 
and tables. The following list shows the parameters included in each of the 
23 data sets; monthly information is presented for the first 21 sets. 

Set No. Parameter 



1 Precipitation/wind direction - graphs 
Precipitation - maps 

2 Precipitation types - graphs 
Snow - maps 

3 Air temperature/wind direction - graphs 
Air temperature mean and thresholds - maps 

4 Wet bulb/relative humidity - graphs 
Mean dew point temperature - maps 

5 Air temperature/wind speed - graphs 
Air temperature extremes - maps 

6 Fog/time and fog/wind direction - graphs 
Fog - maps 

7 Cloud cover/wind direction - graphs 
Cloud amount thresholds - maps 

8 Visibility/wind direction - graphs 
Visibility thresholds - maps 

9 Wind speed/direction - graphs 
Wind speed thresholds - maps 

10 Wind direction/diurnal variation - graphs 

Vector mean wind - maps 



11-22 



Arctic Environmental Information and Data Center (Continued) 
Set No. Parameter 



11 Iv'ln.l =|.cc,1 ,1liilnnl vailall.Mi ui a^lio 
:.. alai mean w I ltd md,^ 

12 Low cloud ceiling/visibility - graphs 

Low cloud ceiling and visibility thresholds - maps 

13 Sea level pressure - graphs 
Mean sea level pressure - maps 

14 Fog/air-sea temperature difference - graphs 
Mean sea surface temperature - maps 

15 Sea surface temperature - graphs 

Sea surface temperature extremes - maps 

16 Wave height/direction - graphs 

Wave height thresholds (nonhazardous) - maps 

17 Wave height/period - graphs 

Wave height thresholds (hazardous) - maps 

18 Low pressure center movement - roses 
Storm track - maps 

19 Persistence of visibility < 2 nautical 

miles - graphs 

20 Persistence of wind > 10 knots - graphs 

21 Persistence of wind ^ 20 knots - graphs 

22 Annual maximum winds and waves for selected return 

periods - marine areas 

23 Annual maximum sustained winds for selected return 

periods 

Available From: Arctic Environmental Information and 

Data Center 
707 A Street 
Anchorage, AK 99501 
($5.00 per volume plus postage) 



11-23 



PART III: WATER LEVELS 



Page 
No. 

National Ocean Service I1I-2 

Tide Tables III-2 

Sea Level Variations for the United States, 1955-1980 III-4 

Tidal Data Files III-5 

Great Lakes Water Level Data Files III-9 

Great Lakes Water Levels — Annual Summary Ill— 1 ] 

Hydrograph of Monthly Mean Water Levels of the Great Lakes . . . 111-12 

Great Lakes Water Levels— 1860-1980 111-13 

Coastal Engineering Research Center ......... 111-14 

Tides and Tidal Datums in the United States 111-14 

Atlantic Coast Water Level Climates .... 111-16 

Tsunami Wave Runup Predictions ....... 111-17 

An Open-Coast Mathematical Storm Surge Model 

with Coastal Flooding for Louisiana 111-24 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Michigan 111-25 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Erie ..... 111-26 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Ontario ... 111-27 

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory ..... 111-28 

Lake Ontario Beginning-of-Month Water Levels 

and Monthly Rates of Change of Storage ..... 111-28 

Lake Michigan Beginning-of-Month Water Levels 

and Monthly Rates of Change of Storage 111-29 

Lake Erie Beginning-of-Month Water Levels 

and Monthly Rates of Change of Storage 111-30 

Lake Huron Beginning-of-Month Water Levels 

and Monthly Rates of Change of Storage 111-31 

Lake St. Clair Beginning-of-Month Water Levels 

and Monthly Rates of Change of Storage . 111-32 

American Society of Civil Engineers ....... 111-33 

Revisions to Hurricane Design Wave Practice 111-33 

US Army Engineer District, Detroit 111-34 

Monthly Bulletin of Lake Levels for the Great Lakes 111-34 



III-l 



National Ocean Service 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

Rockwall Bldg. 

11400 Rockville Pike 

Rockville, MD 20852 

(301) 443-8858, FTS 443-8858 



Publications 



Publication Interval: 
Location : 



Period of Coverage: 



Tide Tables 

Annual publication of advance tide predictions 

About 200 ports and 6,000 stations worldwide. 
The tide tables are issued in four volumes 
according to geographic regions as follows: 

Europe and west coast of Africa (including 
the Mediterranean Sea) 

East coast of North and South America 
(including Greenland) 

West coast of North and South America 
(including Hawaiian Islands) 

Central and Western Pacific Ocean and Indian 
Ocean 

1853 to present 



Contents: Advance information with respect to the rise and fall of the tide 
is given in the annual tide tables. These tables contain the predicted times 
and heights of high and low waters for every day of the year at a number of 
designated reference stations. By using the published tidal differences, the 
user can calculate the approximate times and heights of the tide at many other 
subordinate stations. 

Up to and including the tide table for the year 1884, all the tide pre- 
dictions were computed by means of auxiliary tables and curves constructed 
from the results of tide observations at the different ports. From 1885 to 
1911, the predictions were made by means of the Ferrel tide-predicting 
machine. From 1912 to 1965, they were made by means of the USCGS tide- 
predicting machine No. 2. Since 1966 predictions have been made by electronic 
computer. 

For the most part, tide predictions for US reference stations are based 
upon analyses of tide observation for periods of at least 1 year. Since the 
extremes of meteorological conditions have been excluded from the analyses and 
predictions, the predicted tidal heights should be considered those expected 
under average weather conditions. 



TII-2 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 



Available From: 



National Ocean Service at 

Distribution Branch, N/CG-33 
National Ocean Service 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
Riverdale, MD 20737 
(301) 436-6990 

or its sale agents. The tide tables may also be 
purchased at marinas and the US Coast Guard 
District Offices. 



Related Publications: 



Tidal Bench Marks 
Tidal Current Tables 
Tidal Current Charts 
Tidal Current Diagram 
United States Coast Pilots 
Nautical Charts 



III-3 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Sea Level Variations for the United States, 1955-1980 
Hicks, S. D., Debaugh, H. A. Jr., and Hickman, E. 

Publication Date: January 1983 (Annual Revision) 

Location: 67 permanent tide stations along the US 

coastlines 

Period of Coverage: Varies from station to station (range between 

1854-1980) 

Contents: An introduction to the study of sea level and its applications is 
presented. Trends, their standard errors, and annual variabilities are com- 
puted for 44 US stations that are permanent, continuous, and in operation 
before 1940. The computations are for the entire length of series at each 
station and for the common series length, 1940 through 1980. Trends, their 
standard errors, and annual variabilities are also computed for five area 
means and the US mean. Graphs of area means, the US mean, and 67 individual 
stations are depicted, the latter for both yearly and monthly mean sea level. 
Monthly and yearly mean sea level data are tabulated for the entire length of 
series at the 67 stations. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



III-4 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Kinds of Data 

Tide Observation .Station Lists 

Tides, 6-min Heights" 

Tides, Hourly Heights 

Tides, Times and Heights of High and Low Waters 

Tides, Monthly Mean Summaries 

Tidal Bench Mark Sheets with Tidal Datums 

Frequency and Duration Analysis of Tidal Water Levels 

Tidal Zoning (Area Prediction Factors) 

Special Services 

Location: Coastal states and territories of the United 

States 

Description of Data: Tidal Observation Station Lists provide information by 
state of the tide stations maintained by the National Ocean Service (NOS) for 
the United States and its territories. Each list includes the station number, 
name, latitude, longitude, dates of observation, bench mark sheet publication 
date, and tidal epoch. Other station information is available upon request. 
Specialized tide observation station lists include the National Tide Obser- 
vation Network (NTON) , composed of a list of all NOS long-term operating tide 
stations; and the Marine Boundary tide stations list, which provides tide 
stations in states with cooperative/NOS marine boundary programs. The states 
included are New Jersey, South Carolina, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and 
California. 

Tides, 6-min Heights, are the compilations of the recorded height in 
hundredths of feet of the water level for every 6 min of each day at tide 
observation stations. Tidal 6-min heights first became available in the mid- 
1960s. Data for stations maintained in the NTON after this date are available 
on digital magnetic tape. Data for a substantial number of stations not in 
the NTON are also available on digital magnetic tape. 

Tides, Hourly Heights, are the records of the height of the water level 
(in feet) on the hour for each hour of each day at tide observation stations. 
All heights are referenced to a datum. The records for stations in the NTON 
are available on either hard copy or on digital magnetic tape. Records for a 
substantial number of stations not in the NTON are also available on either 
hard copy or on digital magnetic tape. A large number of stations installed 
for a short period are not digitized, but data are available in hand-tabulated 
form. 

Tides, Times and Heights of High and Low Waters, are the records of the 
time and heights (in feet) of the high and low waters for each day at tide 
observation stations. All heights are referenced to a datum. The records for 
stations in the NTON are available on either hard copy or on digital magnetic 
tape. A large number of stations installed for a short period are not digi- 
tized, but data are available in hand-tabulated form. 



III-5 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Tides, Monthly Mean Summaries, are the records of the average monthly and 
yearly water level heights. These include monthly and yearly averages for 
mean tide level, mean sea level, diurnal tide level, mean higher high water, 
mean high water, mean lower low water, mean range, diurnal mean range, Green- 
wich mean high water time Intervals, and Greenwich mean low water time inter- 
vals. Summary tide records are maintained for approximately 200 past and 
present stations in the NTON. 

Tidal Bench Mark Sheets with Tidal Datums provide vertical elevations and 
descriptions of tidal bench marks at tide observation stations. The bench- 
marks are referenced to the tidal datums of mean lower low water and mean high 
water. Information is also provided to reference tidal benchmarks to other 
tidal datums and to the National Geodetic Vertical Datum (NGVD) of 1929 when 
available . 

Frequency and Duration of Tidal Inundations is a summary report of a 
detailed statistical analysis of historic records of tide action at NOS tide 
stations. This analysis may be performed relative to either high or low 
waters. The report shows the frequency and duration of inundation of every 
10th of a foot of elevation over a period of years. Results of the analysis 
are reported in five tabular columns: (a) elevations above station datum in 
feet and meters at increments of every 10th of a foot over the total range of 
water level at the station; (b) frequency of inundations — the number of times 
the water level has equaled or exceeded each incremental elevation for a 
period of the analysis; (c) percent frequency of inundation — the number of 
inundations in item b, expressed as a percentage of the total number of 
inundations occurring in the period of the analysis; (d) duration of 
inundation — the total hours at which the water level remained at or exceeded 
each incremental height for the period of the analysis; and (e) percent 
duration of inundation — the number of hours in item d, expressed as a 
percentage of the total number of hours in the period of the analysis. This 
service was started in 1979, involving the analysis of long-term tide data for 
each NOS tide station. Reports are added to the station data file as they are 
completed. 

Tidal Zoning (Area Tide Prediction Factors) is a new category of tide 
data that provides the tidal corrections for predicting height and time over 
large areas of US and Caribbean coastal and continental shelf waters. Tidal 
corrections, in the form of time differences in minutes and tide height fac- 
tors, are determined by historical tidal characteristics and comparing ob- 
served tide data which has been related to the 19-year Metonic cycle. These 
corrections when applied to the tide predictions for a control tide station 
determine the predicted time and height of the tides over the area. These 
computations are based on tide behavior at tide station locations and are pre- 
pared by NOS on request. 

Special Services includes development of harmonic constants for predic- 
tion of tides; long-term tidal mean and extreme data analysis; technical 
advice on methods for conducting tidal surveys; plots of hourly or 6-min tidal 
heights; plots of daily, monthly, or yearly mean sea level; and simultaneous 
plots of two stations or a plot of observed verses predicted tidal heights. 



III-6 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Response Formats: Digital magnetic tape, hard copy, or tabulated 

form (see Description of Data) 

Qualified Users: No limitations, but there is a nominal cost for 

each data/information/service. 

Point of Contact: Tidal Datum Section, N/OMS 124 

National Ocean Service 
Room 609, WSC-1 
6001 Executive Boulevard 
Rockville, MD 20852 
(301) 443-8467 



III-7 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Near Real-time and Real-time Tidal Heights 

Location: NOS tide stations 

Description of Data: Near real-time and real-time heights are measured and 
converted into digital signals at 6-min intervals telemetered through tele- 
phone lines to selected offices with receiving units. NOS has equipped and is 
operating 11 tide stations under this program and is in the process of instal- 
ling telemetry instrumentation on selected stations in areas requiring real- 
time monitoring. The signals from these stations, telemetered at present to 
NOS Headquarters in Rockville, Md., meet specific users needs, which range 
from near-continuous telemetry to random short-term transmissions. The data 
include unedited measured tide heights to the nearest 10th of a foot for a 
tide station, the time of measurement, onsite observer input, quality control 
parameters, and station identification. 

Qualified Users: No limitations (service cost on quote) 

Point of Contact: Tidal Requirement Section, N/OMS 121 

National Ocean Service 
Room 608, WSC-1 
6001 Executive Boulevard 
Rockville, MD 20852 
(301) 443-8807 



III-* 



National Ocean Service 

Office of Oceanography and Marine Services 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

6001 Executive Boulevard 

Rockville, MD 20852 

(301) 443-8443 



Kind of Data 



Telemetered Water Level Data, Great Lakes 



Hourly Water Levels, Great Lakes 

Daily Mean Water Levels, Great Lakes 

Great Lakes 7-day Water Levels 

Great Lakes Data: Monthly Mean Elevations and Monthly Mean Discharge 

Great Lakes Annual Maximum and Minimum Levels 
Benchmark Descriptions and International Great Lakes Datum Elevations 

Location: Great Lakes 

Description of Data: Telemetered Water Level Data, Great Lakes, is a biweekly 
compilation of provisional up-to-date telemetered water level data, hourly 
values, and daily mean in feet received from 23 key stations located around 
the Great Lakes. The elevations are referred to the International Great Lakes 
Datum (1955). 

Hourly Water Levels, Great Lakes, is a monthly tabulation of hourly water 
level data in feet for the month at each of 54 water level gages located 
around the Great Lakes. The data include the mean water level elevations in 
feet for each day of the month and the maximum and minimum levels for the 
month. The elevations are referred to the International Great Lakes Datum 
(1955). Monthly records are on file for each water level gage, with some 
records dating back to 1860. Furthermore, annual summaries and an index of 
stations are available. 

Daily Mean Water Levels, Great Lakes, is a monthly tabulation of daily 
average water level data in feet for each of 54 gages located around the Great 
Lakes. The elevations are referred to the International Great Lakes Datum 
(1955). Records are on file for each water level gage, and a data summary 
sheet is available. 

Great Lakes 7-day Water Levels is a weekly tabulation of the latest 7-day 
daily average water level data in feet and meters for 13 selected gages in the 
Great Lakes. Records are available back to 1969. 

Great Lakes Data: Monthly Mean Elevations and Monthly Mean Discharge is 
a compilation of recorded monthly mean lake elevations in feet and monthly 
mean discharge in cubic feet per second of the major rivers, including St. 
Mary River, St. Clair River, Detroit River, Niagara River, and St. Lawrence 
River, connecting the Great Lakes. NOAA compiles the monthly elevation data, 
and the US Army Corps of Engineers compiles the discharge data. 



III-9 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Great Lakes Annual Maximum and Minimum Levels provides annual compila- 
tions of the historic tabulation of water level elevations during stages of 
highest and lowest water levels for each year at each of 54 water level gages 
located around the five Great Lakes. The maximum stage data include the month 
of highest level and the mean elevation for that month, the day of the month 
with the highest level and mean elevation for that day, the day and elevation 
for that day, and the day the elevation of the highest hourly level during the 
year; the minimum stage data include the same information but for the lowest 
levels. The monthly records on file are available for the 54 Great Lakes 
observation stations, with some records dating back to 1901. Furthermore, 
annual summaries and an index of the stations are available. 

Benchmark Descriptions and International Great Lakes Datum Elevations 
describes the locations for approximately 3,000 benchmarks in the Great Lakes 
area, with published elevations on the International Great Lakes Datum (1955). 

Response Format: Tabulations 

Qualified Users: No limitations (free of charge except benchmark 

description and International great lakes datum 
elevation) 

Point of Contact: Water Level Section, N/OMS 124 

National Ocean Service 
Room 626, WSC-1 
6001 Executive Boulevard 
Rockville, MD 20852 
(301) 443-8443 



111-10 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Publications 

Great Lakes Water Levels — Annual Summary 

Publication Date 

or Interval: Annually 

Location: Great Lakes 

Period of Coverage: 1952-present 

Contents: This publication is a data compilation which contains Great Lakes 
water level gage records in both feet and meters. It shows, in tabular form 
for the calendar year, daily and monthly average levels for each gage in the 
network, the highest and lowest daily average level for each month, and a fre- 
quency distribution of daily average levels showing the number of times each 
month the recorded levels were at or above specific elevations. The locations 
of the recording water level gages are shown; an index lists the gage 
locations, identification numbers, and geographic coordinates. 

Available From: Distribution Branch, N/CG 33 

National Ocean Service 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
Riverdale, MD 20737 
(301) 436-6990 



III-ll 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Hydrograph of Monthly Mean Water Levels of the Great Lakes 

Publication Date 

or Interval: Annually 

Location: Great Lakes and Lake St. Clair 

Period of Coverage: 1900-present 

Contents: Hydrograph of Monthly Mean Water Levels of the Great Lakes is a 
graphic depiction of monthly mean levels in feet for each of the Great Lakes 
and Lake St. Clair since 1900, with low water datums shown. All elevations 
are referred to the International Great Lakes Datum (1955). 

Available From: Distribution Branch, N/CG 33 

National Ocean Services 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
Riverdale, MD 20737 
(301) 436-6990 



111-12 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Great Lakes Water Levels — 1860-1980 

Publication Date 

or Interval: Every 5 years 

Location: Great Lakes 

Period of Coverage: 1860-1980 

Contents: Great Lakes Water Levels — 1860-1980 contains 258 pages of figures, 
a map, and a geographical index showing the network of over 50 permanent 
gages, and tabular records of monthly and annual average water surface eleva- 
tions for each gage for the period of its existence, as well as tables showing 
summaries of average and extreme levels. 

Available From: Distribution Branch, N/CG 33 

National Ocean Service 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
Riverdale, MD 20737 
(301) 436-6990 



111-13 



Coastal Engineering Research Center 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180 

(601) 634-2012, FTS 542-2012 



Publications 



Publication Date 
Location: 



Tides and Tidal Datums in the United States 
Harris, D. L., SR-7 

February 1981 

Data presented in this report are developed 
specifically for the locations of 50 National 
Ocean Service (NOS) reference tide stations and 
5 secondary stations located along the US 
coastline from Maine to Alaska. 



Period of Coverage: 



Analyses are based on NOS data for the period 
1963 to 1981. 



Contents: This report provides a ready reference to information about the 
tide characteristics. It also provides information about the statistical dis- 
tribution of astronomical tidal heights which can be used in setting and 
measuring the elevation of proposed engineering works or combined with similar 
statistics for storm surges and tsunamis to estimate the probability of 
extreme water levels. 

Several tidal datums of practical importance are described. Sources of 
detailed information are identified in the report. Statistical characteris- 
tics of the astronomical tides at various US ports are investigated and docu- 
mented with graphs and tables. Specifically, the information presented by 
this report includes: 

(a) Plots which show tide hydrographs for a 1-month period for each NOS 
reference tide station to display characteristics of the daily and monthly 
cycles at each location. 

(b) Plots which show the predicted annual cycle of mean water levels as 
defined by the monthly mean of the predicted tides as averaged over the 
19-year period. 

(c) Plots which show the predicted mean sea level for each year in the 
Metonic cycle. 

(d) Plots which show the annual cycle in tidal range. 

(e) Plots which show the variability of each measure of range for the 
19-year Metonic cycle. 

(f) Plots which give the annual cycle of calculated low water 
parameters. 

(g) Plots which present low-water parameters for the 19-year Metonic 
cycle. 

(h) Plots which present high-water parameters for annual and Metonic 
cycles . 

(i) Probability density distribution tables which provide seven tide 
parameters: the highest predicted tide for each month, the predicted higher 



111-14 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

high water of each solar day, all predicted high waters of the 19-year period, 
predicted hourly tidal heights, all predicted low waters of the 19-year 
period, the predicted lower low water of each solar day, the lowest predicted 
tide level of each month. 

A method of combining the probabilistics of astronomical tide and storm 
effects on sea level is presented with sample calculations. 

Available From: Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 783-3238 

(GPO Stock No. 008-022-00161-1) 



111-15 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Atlantic Coast Water Level Climates 



Publication Date: 
Location : 



Period of Coverage: 



Ebersole, B. A., WIS Report 7 

April 1982 

Information presented in this report is 
developed specifically for the locations of 
20 National Ocean Service (NOS) reference 
tide stations located along the US Atlantic 
coast . 

Analyses are based on NOS tidal observation 
data. The period of data for each reference 
tide stations varies. 



Contents: This report is part of the Wave Information Study (WIS) series 
conducted by the Corps of Engineers. WIS Report 7 presents specifically the 
US Atlantic coast water-level climate at 20 NOS reference tide stations. 
Statistical data derived for each stations include: 

(a) Monthly and yearly mean sea level which shows the trends and vari- 
ability in mean sea level. 

(b) Monthly and yearly probability density and cumulative distribution 
functions for astronomical tide, storm surge, and total water level. 

(c) Average and maximum durations (in hours) at a specific water level 
elevation for storm surge and total water level. 

(d) Extreme storm surge data as a result of extratropical storms, pre- 
sented as functions of return period (years) . 

(e) Theoretical Gumbel parameters derived from monthly and yearly 
extreme storm surge data. 

Data presented in this report can be useful in coastal engineering 
designs and analyses. However, it is important to note that the statistical 
information derived has excluded storm surges due to tropical storms and 
hurricanes. 



Available From: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. AD-A117-147) 



111-16 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Type 16 Flood Insurance Study: Tsunami Predictions for the 

West Coast of the Continental United States 

Houston, J. R., and Garcia, A. W. , TR H-78-26 

Publication Date: December 1978 

Location: US Pacific coast (excludes Alaska) 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: Calculations of runup due to tsunamis of distant origin were made 
for most of the west coast of the continental United States. Runup values 
were determined that were expected to be equaled or exceeded on the average of 
once per 100 or once per 500 years. Historical data of tsunamic activity in 
distant generation regions were used in the investigation in conjunction with 
numerical models that generated tsunamis and propagated them across the deep- 
ocean and nearshore region. The combined effects of astronomical tides and 
tsunamis were also incorporated into the analysis. Numerical simulations of 
actual historical tsunamis and comparisons of calculations with tide gage 
recordings were presented. Calculations of tsunami runup based upon data of 
local historical tsunamis (at the few locations on the west coast where there 
were sufficient historical data to allow reasonable predictions) were compared 
with predictions based upon the methods presented in the investigation. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. AD-A063-663) 



111-17 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Tsunami-Wav e Elevation Frequency of Occurrence for the Hawaiian Islands 
Houston, J. R., Carver, R. D., and Markle, D. G. , TR H-77-16 

Publication Date: August 1977 

Location: Hawaiian Islands 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: An investigation was undertaken to establish frequency-of- 
occurrence curves for tsunami-wave elevations near the shoreline for the 
Hawaiian Islands. A hybrid finite element numerical model was used to sup- 
plement historical data in determining the ten largest tsunamic elevations 
from 1837 to 1976 at locations along the coastline of the islands. The numer- 
ical model was verified by comparing tide gage recordings at various locations 
in the Hawaiian Islands during the 1960 and 1964 tsunamis with numerical model 
calculations. Frequency-of-occurrence curves were established using data from 
the ten largest tsunami-wave elevations along the Hawaiian coastline. Figures 
and the table presented in the report can be used to calculate tsunami eleva- 
tions 200 ft shoreward of the coastline for frequencies of occurrence as high 
as l-in-10 years for the entire coastline of the Hawaiian Islands (except the 
coast of the uninhabited US Navy target island of Kahoolawe) . Runup nearly 
equals tsunami elevation at the shoreline for some of the coastline of the 
islands, but not for areas where flooding is substantial. A recommendation is 
given for development of a method to calculate land flooding during a tsunami. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. AD-A045-023) 



Ill-li 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Type 16 Flood Insurance Study: Tsunami Predictions for 

Pacific Coastal Communities 

Houston, J. R., and Garcia, A. W. , TR H-74-3 



Publication Date: 
Location: 



May 1974 

15 communities of California coast: 
Carpinteria, Chula Vista, Costa Visa, Huntington 
Beach, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Los Angeles 
counties and unincorporated areas, National 
City, Port Hueneme , San Diego, San Diego County 
and unincorporated areas, Santa Barbara, Seal 
Beach, Ventura, and the 3 communities on the 
Alaska coast of Homer, Seldovia, and Seaward. 



Period of Coverage : 



N/A 



Contents: This publication presents calculations of runup due to seismic sea 
waves (tsunamis) of distant origin. The values given are interpreted as being 
equaled or exceeded on the average of once per 100 or once per 500 years. The 
combined effects of astronomical tides and tsunamis are incorporated into the 
analysis as well as local resonance effects where judged significant. A com- 
plete discussion of the methodology is presented in Appendix A. Analysis of 
the error attributed to each of the various steps in the procedure results in 
an estimated maximum average error of about ±40 percent for the southern 
California communities and ±75 percent for the Alaskan communities. It is 
essential that these runup predictions be reviewed approximately every 5 years 
in the light of advancements in the theory of tsunami generation, propagation, 
and runup . 



Available From: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. AD-785-533) 



111-19 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Type 19 Flood Insurance Study: Tsunami Predictions 

for Southern California 

Houston, J. R., TR HL-80-18 

Publication Date: September 1980 

Location: Southern California, from Santa Barbara Point 

to Mexican border 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: Calculations of shoreline elevations due to tsunamis of distant 
origin were made for the southern California region. Elevations were deter- 
mined that were expected to be equaled or exceeded on the average of once per 
100 or once per 500 years. In addition, exceedance frequency distributions 
for arbitrary frequencies of occurrence were presented. Historical data of 
tsunami activity in distant generation regions were used in the investigation 
in conjunction with numerical models that generated tsunamis and propagated 
them across the deep-ocean and nearshore region. The combined effects of the 
astronomical tides and tsunamis were incorporated in the analysis. Numerical 
simulations of the 1964 Alaskan tsunami in southern California were performed 
and comparisons with historical tide gage recordings were presented. Tsunami 
elevation predictions based upon the methods presented in the investigation 
were shown to be in good agreement with predictions based solely upon histori- 
cal data of tsunami activity (at the limited number of locations in southern 
California with sufficient historical data to allow reasonable predictions to 
be made) . 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. AD-A09 1-657) 



TII-20 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Type 16 Flood Insurance Study: Tsunami Predictions for 

Monterey and San Francisco Bays and Puget Sound 

Garcia, A. W. , and Houston, J. R. , TR H-75-17 

Publication Date: November 1975 

Location: Monterey and San Francisco Bays and Puget Sound 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: Calculations of runup (presented by 240 figures) due to seismic sea 
waves (tsunamis) of distant origin were made for Monterey and San Francisco 
Bays and the greater part of Puget Sound. Those areas which are specifically 
included and excluded are listed. The values presented are interpreted as 
being equaled or exceeded on the average of once per 100 or once per 500 years, 
whichever is indicated. All runup values are referenced to the mean sea level 
datum. The combined effects of astronomical tides and tsunamis are incorpo- 
rated into the analysis as the certain local effects. The effects of wind 
waves superimposed on the tsunami have been neglected. The simultaneous 
occurrence of a storm surge and tsunami is considered highly improbable and 
therefore unlikely to constitute a l-in-100 or l-in-500-year event. 

Analysis of the error attributed to each of the various steps in the 
procedure results in an estimated maximum average error of about ±40 percent. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. AD-A018-421) 



111-21 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Tsunami Response of Barbers Point Harbor, Hawaii 
Farrar, P. D., and Houston, J. R. , MP HL-82-1 

Publication Date: October 1982 

Location: Barbers Point Harbor, Oahu Island, Hawaii 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: This publication uses a finite-difference numerical model to simu- 
late the action of long-period waves within the harbor. This model includes 
the effects of bottom friction, lateral mixing of momentum, radiation losses 
to the outside ocean, and flooding of surrounding land areas. A large number 
of cases were simulated, representing tsunami inputs that could be expected in 
the area. The resulting water elevations, land flooding, and water movement 
are presented. 

The response of the harbor to the many different wave cases was combined 
with a study of the frequency-of-occurrence of tsunamis to obtain frequency- 
of-occurrence statistics for different harbor response events. This was done 
both for infrequent large tsunamis and for more frequent small amplitude 
tsumanis. Conservative probability methods were used for all results. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. AD-A1 12-299) 



IIT-22 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

A Numerical Model for Tsunami Inundation 
Houston, J. R., and Butler, H. L. , HL-79-2 

Publication Date: February 1979 

Location: Hauula-Punaluu region, Hawaii 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: This publication addresses a two-dimensional, time-dependent numer- 
ical model which was developed to calculate the land inundation of a tsunami. 
The model solves long wave equations that include bottom friction terms. A 
coordinate transformation was used to allow the model to employ a smoothly 
varying grid that allows cells to be small in the inundation region and large 
in the ocean. This model was applied to a region of Hawaii and produced 
10 figures showing the contours of 50- and 100-year tsunami inundations. 
These figures can be overlaid on maps referenced in the report to delineate 
detail extents of flood inundation. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. AD-065-090) 



111-23 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

An Open-Coast Mathematical Storm Surge Model With Coastal Flooding 

for Louisiana; Report 1, Theory And Application 

Wanstrath, J. J., MP H-78-5 

Publication Date: February 1978 

Location: Gulf coast of Louisiana 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: This publication documents a two-dimensional, time-dependent, lon£ 
wave, shallow-water storm surge model. Surge results simulated for four 
historical hurricanes, Floossy, Carmen, Hilda, and Betsy, that affected the 
Louisiana coast are also presented. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. AD-A053-365) 



111-24 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Michigan 
Saville, T. , Jr., BEB TM 36 



Publication Date: 



March 1953 



Location: 



Five stations on Lake Michigan were selected for 
a comprehensive wave analysis; the locations are 
as follow: 



Latitude 


Longitu 
87°00' 


ide 

W 


Vicinity 


45°05' N 


Baileys Harbor, Wis. 


43°02' N 


87°46' 


W 


Milwaukee, Wis. 


41°53' N 


87°25' 


w 


Chicago, 111. 


43°14' N 


86°27' 


w 


Muskegon, Mich. 


44°38' N 


86°18' 


w 


Frankfort, Mich. 



Period of Coverage: 



Wave characteristics: 1948-1950 
Water level: 1860-1951 



Contents: This publication is divided into two sections: (a) lake level 
statistics, and (b) wave statistics. 

The lake level data include average seasonal fluctuation, a frequency of 
occurrence for short period fluctuations, and a probability of occurrence of 
annual maximum monthly mean lake level for 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 consecutive 
years. 

The wave statistics section is divided into separate subsections for each 
location. Each subsection contains statistical hindcast data for each month, 
statistical hindcast data for a full year, statistical hindcast data for 
ice-free periods, and statistical energy data for various periods. Wave 
roses and duration and frequency of waves as a function of wave heights are 
also included. 



Available From: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. AD-20-097) 



Additional Information: 



This document was published by the Beach Erosion 
Board, the Coastal Engineering Research Center's 
predecessor organization. 



111-25 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Erie 



Publication Date: 
Locations: 



Saville, T. , Jr., BEB TM 37 
March 1953 

Four stations on Lake Erie; 
Latitude Longitude 



41°50' N 

41°35' N 

42°12' N 

42°49' N 



83°10' W 

81°45' W 

80°05' W 

78°57' W 



Vicinity 



Monroe, Mich. 
Cleveland, Ohio 
Erie, Pa. 
Buffalo, N. Y. 



Period of Coverage: 



Wave characteristics: 1948-1950 
Lake levels: 1860-1951 



Contents: This publication is divided into two sections: (a) lake level 
statistics, and (b) wave statistics. 

The lake level data include average seasonal fluctuation, a frequency of 
occurrence for short period fluctuations, and a probability of occurrence of 
annual maximum monthly mean lake level for 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 consecutive 
years. 

The wave statistics section is divided into separate subsections for each 
location. Each subsection contains statistical hindcast data for each month, 
statistical hindcast data for a full year, statistical hindcast data for 
ice-free periods, and statistical energy data for various periods. Wave 
roses and duration and frequency of waves as a function of wave heights are 
also included. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. AD-20-098) 

This document was published by the Beach Erosion 
Board, the Coastal Engineering Research Center's 
predecessor organization. 



111-26 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Ontario 



Publication Date: 



Location: 



Saville, T., Jr., BEB TM 38 

March 1953 

Three stations on Lake Ontario were selected for 
a comprehensive wave analysis, the locations 
being as follows: 



Latitude 

43°17' N 
43°15' N 
43°49' N 



Longitude 

79°46' W 
77°35' W 
76°18' W 



Vicinity 



Hamilton, Ont. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Stony Point, N. Y. 



Wave Data: 

Period of Coverage: 



1948-1950 

Wave characteristics: 1948-1950 
Water levels: 1860-1951 



Contents: This publication is divided into two sections: (a) lake level 
statistics, and (b) wave statistics. 

The lake level data include average seasonal fluctuation, a frequency of 
occurrence for short period fluctuations, and a probability of occurrence of 
annual maximum monthly mean lake level for 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 consecutive 
years. 

The wave statistics section is divided into separate subsections for each 
location. Each subsection contains statistical hindcast data for each month, 
statistical hindcast data for a full year, statistical hindcast data for ice- 
free periods, and statistical energy data for various periods. Wave roses and 
duration and frequency of waves as a function of wave heights are also 
included. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. AD-20-099) 

This document was published by the Beach Erosion 
Board, the Coastal Engineering Research Center's 
predecessor organization. 



111-27 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 

Environmental Research Laboratories 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2300 Washtenaw Avenue 

Ann Arbor, Ml 48104 

(313) 668-2235, FTS 378-2235 

Publications 

Lake Ontario Beginning-of-Month Water Levels and Monthly 

Rates of Change of Storage 

Quinn, Frank H., and Derecki, J. A., NOAA Tech. Rept. ERL 365-GLERL-10 

Publication Date: March 1976 

Location: Lake Ontario 

Period of Coverage: 1900-1974 

Contents: This report describes the results of a study of Lake Ontario 
beginning-of-month water levels and monthly changes of storage. The study 
established that the number and distribution of water level gages in the 
presently existing gage network are adequate for the computation of beginning 
of-month water levels. Computed beginning-of-month water levels and changes 
of storage for the period 1900-1974 are listed for use in scientific and 
planning studies. 

Available From: Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 275-2091, FTS 275-2051 



111-28 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (Continued) 

Lake Michigan Beginning-of-Month Water Levels and 

Monthly Rates of Change of Storage 
Quinn, Frank H., NOAA Tech. Rept. FRL 326-GLERL-2 

Publication Date: March 1975 

Location: Lake Michigan 

Period of Coverage: 1900-1972 

Contents: This report describes the results of a study of Lake Michigan 
beginning-of-month water levels and monthly changes of storage. The study 
established that the number and distribution of water level gages in the 
presently existing gage network are adequate for the computation of beginning 
of-month water levels. Computed beginning-of-month water levels and changes 
of storage for the period 1900-1972 are listed for use in scientific and 
planning studies. 

Available From: Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 275-2091, FTS 275-2051 



111-29 



Gre.it Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (Continued) 

Lake Erie Beginning-of-Month Water Levels and 

Monthly Rates of Change of Storage 

Quinn, Frank H., and Derecki, J. A., NOAA Tech. Rept. ERL 364-GLERL-9 

Publication Date: February 1976 

Location: Lake Erie 

Period of Coverage: 1900-1974 

Contents: This report describes the results of a study of Lake Erie beginning 
of-month water levels and monthly changes of storage. The study established 
that the number and distribution of water level gages in the presently exist- 
ing gage network are adequate for the computation of beginning-of-month water 
levels. Computed beginning-of-month water levels and changes of storage for 
the period 1900-1974 are listed for use in scientific and planning studies. 

Available From: Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 275-2091, FTS 275-2051 



111-30 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (Continued) 

Lake Huron Beginning-of-Month Water Level and 

Monthly Rates of Change of Storage 

Quinn, Frank H. , NOAA Tech. Rept. ERL-348-GLERL-4 

Publication Date: July 1975 

Location: Lake Huron 

Period of Coverage: 1900-1973 

Contents: This report describes the results of a study of Lake Huron 
beginning-of-month water levels and monthly changes of storage. The study 
established that the number and distribution of water level gages in the 
presently existing gage network are adequate for the computation of beginning 
of-month water levels. Computed beginning-of-month water levels and changes 
of storage for the period 1900-1973 are listed for use in scientific and 
planning studies. 

Available From: Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 275-2091, FTS 275-2051 



111-31 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (Continued) 

Lake St. Clnir Beginning-oF-Month Water Level and 

Monthly Rates of Change of Storage 

Kelley, Raymond N., NOAA Tech. Rept. ERL-372-GLERL-13 

Publication Date: May 1976 

Location: Lake St. Clair 

Period of Coverage: 1910-1975 

Contents: Lake St. Clair water level gage data are used to determine 
beginning-of-month water levels and monthly rates of storage change for the 
years 1910 through 1975 for scientific and planning purposes. Analysis of the 
results indicates that additional gages, strategically located, are needed for 
improved accuracy. 

Available From: Information Services 

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2300 Washtenaw Avenue 

Ann Arbor, MI 48104 

(313) 668-2235, FTS 378-2235 



111-32 



American Society of Civil Engineers 
345 East 47th Street 
New York, NY 10017 

Publication 

Revisions to Hurricane Design Wave Practice, 

Coastal Engineering, Volume 1, 1972 Proceedings 

Bretschneider, C. L. , Chapter 7, pp 167-195 

Publication Date: 1973 

Location: US east and gulf coasts 

Contents: This is a conference paper presented by the author to the Thir- 
teenth Coastal Engineering Conference in Vancouver, B. C. , Canada. The 1959 
paper by the same author entitled "Hurricane Design Wave Practices" has been 
widely used in the past for obtaining design wave criteria. The revision 
presented in this paper applies to the US east and gulf coasts past historical 
hurricanes and also to the US National Weather Service standard project and 
probable maximum hurricanes for deep-water conditions. The results are 
presented in 14 figures and 4 tables and could serve as inputs for particular 
locations to calculate design storm surge and design wave criteria. 

Available From: American Society of Civil Engineers 

345 East 47th Street 
New York, NY 10017 

or most university libraries. 



111-33 



US Army Engineer District, Detroit 

PO Box 1027 

Detroit, MI 48231-1027 

Publication 

Monthly Bulletin of Lake Levels for the Great Lakes 

Publication Interval: Monthly 

Location: The five Great Lakes and Lake St. Clair 



Period of Coverage: 



1860 to present 



Contents: This pamphlet contains information on Great Lakes water levels, 
their monthly means, and their fluctuations. Recorded levels for the previous 
year and the current year to date along with the probable levels for the next 
6 months and the deviations that can be expected are given in a chart that 
displays lake level vs. time for each lake. The 1900-1982 average level and 
the maximum and minimum levels and the year they were recorded are also 
plotted on the same chart. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



Commander, US Army Engineer District, Detroit 

ATTN: NCEED-L 

PO Box 1027 

Detroit, MI 48231-1027 

Copies are free, as this bulletin is a public 
service. The "Great Lakes and Connecting 
Channels Water Levels and Depths," a twice 
monthly publication that provides forecasted 
channel depths for Great Lakes navigational 
purposes, may also be obtained free of charge 
from the same address. 



111-34 



PART IV: WAVES AND CURRENTS 

Page 
No. 

Institute of Oceanographic Sciences IV-4 

Catalogue of Instrumentally-Measured Wave Data IV-4 

National Ocean Service IV- 5 

Tidal Current Tables IV-5 

Tidal Current Charts IV-6 

Tidal Current Diagrams IV-7 

Coastal Waves Program Field Wave Data IV-8 

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory IV-9 

Winter Currents in Lake Huron IV-9 

Visual Wave Observations Along the Lake Michigan Shore ..... IV- 10 

National Data Buoy Center IV-11 

Climatic Summaries for NOAA Data Buoys IV-11 

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service . . . IV- 13 

Environmental Conditions Within Specified Geographical 

Regions IV- 13 

National Oceanographic Data Center IV-15 

Surface Current Data System IV-15 

US Army Engineer District, Alaska IV- 17 

Alaska Coastal Data Collection Program Data Report IV- 17 

Coastal Engineering Research Center IV- 18 

Atlantic Coast Hindcast, Deepwater, Significant Wave 

Information IV-18 

Atlantic Coast Hindcast, Phase II: Wave Information . . . y . . IV- 19 
Atlantic Coast Hindcast, Shallow-Water, Significant Wave 

Information IV- 20 

Wave Information at Selected Locations Along US Coasts IV- 21 

Wave Climate for Selected US Offshore Beach Nourishment 

Projects IV-22 

Design Wave Information for the Great Lakes IV-23 

Seasonal Variations in Great Lakes Design Wave Height: 

Lake Erie IV-24 

Surf Statistics for the Coasts of the United States IV-25 



IV- 1 



Page 

No. 

Littoral Environment Observation Data Summaries, Northern 

California, 1968-1978 IV-26 

Wave Statistics for the Gulf of Mexico IV-27 

North Atlantic Coast Wave Statistics by SMB Method IV-29 

North Atlantic Coast Wave Statistics by the Wave Spectrum 

Method IV-30 

Mississippi Sound Wave-Hindcast Study IV-31 

Hurricane Wave Statistics for the Gulf of Mexico IV-32 

Pipe Profile Data and Wave Observations from the CERC Beach 

Evaluation Program, January - March 1968 IV-33 

Lake Erie International Jetport Model Feasibility Investi- 
gation; Results of Numerical Steady-State, Wind-Driven 

Circulation Analysis IV-34 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Ontario IV-35 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Michigan IV-36 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Erie IV-37 

American Society of Civil Engineers IV-38 

Revisions to Hurricane Design Wave Practices IV-38 

University of Florida IV— 39 

Florida Coastal Data Network IV-39 

University of Michigan IV-40 

Wave Statistics for Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Superior IV-40 

National Physical Laboratory IV-41 

Ocean Wave Statistics IV-41 

US Naval Oceanographic Office IV-42 

Oceanographic Atlas of the North Atlantic Ocean IV-42 

Scripps Institute of Oceanography IV-44 

Coastal Data Information Program IV-44 

Meteorology International, Inc IV-46 

Deep-Water Wave Statistics for the California Coast IV-46 

National Marine Consultants, Inc IV-47 

Wave Statistics for Twelve Most Severe Storms Affecting Three 
Selected Stations off the Coast of Washington and Oregon, 

During the Period 19 r >0- i960 IV-47 



IV-2 



Page 
No. 

Wave Statistics for the Three Deep Water Stations Along the 

Oregon-Washington Coast IV-49 

Wave Statistics for Seven Deep Water Stations Along the California 

Coast IV-50 

Canada Department of Transport IV-51 

Synthesized Winds and Wave Heights for the Great Lakes IV-51 

Bedford Institute of Oceanography IV-52 

11 Year Deep Water Wave Climate of Canadian Atlantic 

Waters IV-52 

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee IV-54 

Time-Series Plots of Lake Ontario Currents, Temperature, and 

Winds IV-54 



IV-3 



Institute of Oceanographic Sciences 

Responsible National Oceanographic Data Center (Wave) 

Marine Information and Advisory Service 

Wormley, Godalming, Survey, GU8-5UB 

Great Britain 

Publication 

Catalogue of Instrumental ly-Measured Wave Data, Issue No. 1 

Publication Date: 1979 

Location: Worldwide 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: This publication lists information about available wave data 
throughout the world. Information provided includes: 

(a) Location - position, period of coverage for the location, mean water 
depth, mean tidal range, maximum current, local environment. 

(b) Data contact - name, organization, address. 

(c) Instrument - instrument type, type of mounting, record duration, 
record interval. 

(d) Reason for recording. 

(e) Form and medium of data - includes other notes. 

Available From: Institute of Oceanographic Sciences 

Responsible National Oceanographic Data Center 

(Wave) 
Marine Information and Advisory Service 
Wormley, Godalming, Survey, GU8-5UB 
Great Britain 

Additional Note: This catalogue provides useful information on 

the availability of wave data which can be 
easily searched by geographic location. The 
Responsible National Oceangraphic Data Center 
(Wave) is continually updating the catalogue 
information stored in its computers. 



1V-4 



National Ocean Service 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

6001 Executive Blvd. 

Rockville, MD 20852 

Publications 

Tidal Current Tables 

Publication Interval: Annual publication for the following year 

Location: Atlantic coast of North America, Pacific coast 

of North America and Asia 

Period of Coverage: 1890 to the present 

Contents: Information relative to tidal currents is given for future dates by 
the tables which include daily prediction of the times of slack water and the 
times and velocities of strength of flood and ebb currents for a number of 
waterways together with differences for obtaining predictions for numerous 
other places. 

Available From: Distribution Division (C44) 

National Ocean Service 
6501 Lafayette Ave. 
Riverdale, MD 20703 

or other sales agents. 



IV-5 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Tidal Current Charts 

Publication Date: N/A 

Location: Boston Harbor, Charleston Harbor, Delaware 

Bay and River, Long Island Sound and Block 
Island Sound, Narragansett Bay, Narragansett Bay 
to Nantucket Sound, New York Harbor, Puget 
Sound, San Francisco Bay, Upper Chesapeake Bay, 
and Tampa Bay 

Contents: Each publication consists of a set of 12 charts which depict, by 
means of arrows and figures, the direction and speed of the tidal current for 
each hour of the tidal cycle. The charts, which may be used for any year, 
present a comprehensive view of the tidal current movement in the respective 
waterways as a whole and also supply a means of readily determining the 
direction and speed at various localities throughout the water area covered 
for any time. 

Available From: Distribution Division (C44) 

National Oceanic Service 
6501 Lafayette Ave. 
Riverdale, MD 20737 

or other sales agents. 



IV-6 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Tida] Current Diagrams 

Publication Interval: Annually 

Location: Long Island Sound and Block Island, Boston 

Harbor, New York Harbor, and Upper Chesapeake 
Bay 

Contents: Each publication contains a series of 12 monthly diagrams to be 
used with the tidal current charts to give the users a convenient method to 
determine the current flow on a particular day. 

Available From: Distribution Division (C44) 

National Ocean Service 
6501 Lafayette Ave. 
Riverdale, MD 20737 

or other sales agents. 



IV-7 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Coastal Waves Program Field Wave Data 

Publication Date: Quarterly Report No. 1:1 (Oct-Dec 1982) May 1983 

Quarterly Report No. 1:2 (Jan-Mar 1983) June 

1983 
Quarterly Report No. 1:3 (Apr-Jun 1983) Sept 

1983 

Location: Four stations: 

(38°58' N - 73°0r W) (40°06' N - 71°40' W) 
(38°10' N - 74°50' W) (40°43' N - 72°29' W) 

Period of Coverage: Dec 1982 - Jun 1983 

Contents: This series of reports publishes the data summaries of an on-going 
wave data collection program conducted by the National Ocean Service. Wave 
statistics include monthly summaries of significant wave height and period, 
time series plots of significant height, histograms of significant height and 
period of maximum density, and joint distributions of significant height and 
frequency of maximum density. The first Quarterly Report presents the 
measurement system description, sampling technique, and data processing. 

Available From: Manager, CWP 

NOAA/Nx22 
WSC5, Room 1005 
6010 Executive Blvd. 
Rockville, MB 20852 



IV-* 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 

National Oceanic, and Atmosplieri c Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2300 Washtenaw Avenue 

Ann Arbor, MI 48104 

(313) 668-2235, FTS 378-2235 

Publications 

Winter Currents in Lake Huron 

Saylor, J. H. , and Miller, G. S., NOAA 

Technical Memorandum RRL GLERL-15 



Publication Date 
Location: 



December 1976 

21 stations within Lake Huron 



Period of Coverage : 



Winter 1974-1975 



Contents: This report presents the results of an investigation of the char- 
acteristics of winter current flow in Lake Huron. The investigative effort 
was undertaken during the winter of 1974-75 as a part of the International 
Joint Commission Upper Lakes Reference Study. The current surveys were 
accomplished through a cooperative effort of the Great Lakes Environmental 
Research Laboratory (GLERL) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admini- 
stration (NOAA) , the Canada Center for Inland Waters (CCIW) , and the US 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) , Region V. The study reported here 
represents the first serious attempt to describe the winter circulation of 
Lake Huron. The data given for each selected time period of the survey 
gathered by 21 current meter moorings set by GLERL, 12 by CCIW's Canada Survey 
Ship Limos, and 9 by EPA's research vessel ROGER R. SIMMONS. The study gener- 
ated a series of 70 maps depicting the current roses for the various mooring 
sites (stations) at depths of 2 m, 15 m, 25 m, and 50 m above the bottom and 
wind roses for perimeter shoreline meteorological stations. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2300 Washtenaw Avenue 

Ann Arbor, MI 48104 

(313) 668-2235, FTS 378-2235 

Environmental Protection Agency report EPA-905/ 
4-75-004 contains the same study results. 



IV-9 



Great Lakes Environmental Researcli Laboratory (Continued) 

Visual Wave Observations Along the Lake Michigan Shore 
Liu, P. C, and Housley, J. G. , US Lake Survey Misc. Paper 70-2 

Publication Date: May 1969 

Location: Seven sites on Lake Michigan Shore: St. Martin, 

N. Manifou, Big Sable, Grand Haven, St. Joseph 
of Michigan; and Wankegan, Port Washington, and 
Maintowoe of Wisconsin 

Period of Coverage: Autumns of 1966 and 1967 

Contents: This paper was published by the former US Lake Survey, US Army 
Corps of Engineers. Information presented for each location contains: 

(a) Distribution of wave heights vs. periods. 

(b) Histograms of observed wave heights vs. percent of occurrence. 

(c) Comparison of wave height observations made at shore stations and 
ships. 

(d) A cumulative distribution of observed wave heights. 

(e) A joint distribution of wave height and wave period. 

(f) Directional distributions of wave period. 

Available From: Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2300 Washtenaw Avenue 

Ann Arbor, MI 48104 

(313) 668-2235, FTS 378-2235 

on loan from: 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 
ATTN: Technical Information Center - Library 

Branch 
PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0613 
(601) 634-2355 or 2543, FTS 542-2355 or 2543 



IV-10 



National Data Buoy Center 
National Weather Service 
Bldg. 1100 

NSTL Station, MS 39529 
(601) 688-2800, FTS 494-2800 

Publication 



Climatic Summaries for NOAA Data Buoys 
Gilhouser, David B. , et al. 

Publication Date: January 1983 

Location: 18 NOAA data buoys: 9 off the Atlantic coast, 3 

off the gulf coast, and 6 off the Pacific coast. 
Locations by latitude and longitude: 



(35.0 N, 


72.0 W) (32.6 N, 


78.7 W) 


(32.3 N, 


75.2 W) (26.0 N, 


90.0 W) 


(31.7 N, 


79.7 W) (26.0 N, 


93.5 W) 


(26.0 N, 


86.0 W) (38.7 N, 


73.6 W) 


(40.1 N, 


73.0 W) (40.8 N, 


68.5 W) 


(39.0 N, 


70.0 W) (42.7 N, 


68.5 W) 


(56.0 N, 


148.0 W) (42.5 N 


, 130.0 W) 


(52.0 N, 


156.0 W) (51.0 N 


, 136.0 W) 


(46.0 N, 


131.0 W) (41.0 N 


, 138.0 W) 



Period of Coverage: Varying from buoy to buoy; all data were 

collected between 1972 and 1982. A minimum of 
3 years of data was recorded for each buoy 
station. 

Contents: This publication was prepared by the National Climatic Data Center 
(NCDC) for the National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) . The data contained in the 
tabulations were obtained from the tape data family 11 (TDF-11) Marine Surface 
Observation Archive at NCDC. For each buoy station, the following types of 
tables are given: 

(a) Table Type 1 - Monthly and annua] means, standard deviations, and 
extremes for air temperature, sea surface temperature, air-sea temperature 
difference, sea level pressure, wind speed, and significant wave heights. 

(b) Table Type 2 - The monthly and annual frequency distribution of air 
temperature, sea surface temperature, air-sea temperature differences, sea 
level pressure, wind speed, and significant wave height. 

(c) Table Type 3 - Monthly and annual percent frequency of wind direc- 
tion versus wind speed based on 3-hr data. 

(d) Table Type 4 - The seasonal and annual percent frequency of wind 
speed versus significant wave height based on data taken every 3 hr. 

(e) Table Type 5 - The seasonal and annual percent frequency of signifi- 
cant wave height versus average wave period based on data taken every 3 hr. 



IV- 11 



NOAA Data Buoy Center (Continued) 

(f) Table Type 6 - The seasonal and annual persistence (duration and 
interval) of wind speed and wave height events based on data taken every 3 hr. 
The duration tables show the chance that a certain wind or wave event above a 
given threshold will persist for a specified time period during a given 
season. The interval tables show the probability of occurrence of a specified 
time interval between certain wind or wave exceedance events. 

Available From: National Data Buoy Center 

National Weather Service 
Bldg. 1100 

NSTL Station, MS 39529 
(601) 688-2800, FTS 494-2800 



IV-12 



National Environmental Satellite, Data, 

and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
US Department of Commerce 
6010 Executive Blvd. 
Rockville, MD 20852 

Publication 

Environmental Conditions Within Specified Geographical Regions 

Publication Date: April 1973 

Location: The offshore east and west coasts of the United 

States and in the Gulf of Mexico 

Period of Coverage: Varies for each type of data presented 

Contents: This report was published to provide an analysis of regional 
climatological environmental conditions for planning data-buoy tests; 
assistance in definition of requirement; and support of engineering design, 
deployment, and tests for buoys and buoy networks for NOAA's National Data 
Buoy Center. It was prepared by an interagency ad hoc task force containing 
experts from US Navy and various data centers within NOAA coordinated by the 
National Oceanographic Data Center. A total of 31 tables and 194 figures are 
presented for physical oceanographic information which include: 

(a) Monthly surface wind, sea, and swell. 

(b) Wave period-height and period-duration graphs. 

(c) Persistency of favorable and unfavorable seas at selected wave 
conditions . 

(d) Percent of days hurricanes and tropical storm originated, by month 
or combination of months. 

(e) Percent of days hurricanes and tropical storms occurred, by month or 
combination of months. 

(f) Percent of days with tropical cyclone winds in speed classes. 

(g) Maximum winds from tropical cyclones, by recurrence interval and 
season. 

(h) Tropical cyclone center movement speed roses. 

(i) Time cross section of significant wave height. 

(j) Wave spectra by wave height interval. 

(k) Seasonal vertical temperature structures. 

(1) Surface current roses, by region and season. 

(m) Maximum observed current speeds. 

(n) Mean geostrophic surface currents and flows. 

(o) Many other types of data. 



IV-13 



National Environmental Satellite, Data, 
and Information Service (Continued) 

Available From: Rational Data Buoy Center 

Bldg. lion 

NSTL Station, MS 39529 
(601) 688-2800, FTS 494-2800 

or on loan from: 



US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 
ATTN: Technical Information Center - Library 

Branch 
P0 Box 63] 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 
(601) 634-2543, FTS 542-2543 



TV-14 



National Oceanographic Data Center 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2001 Wisconsin Ave., NW 

Washington, DC 20235 

(202) 634-7500 



Kind of Data 



Surface Current Data System (SCUDS) 



Location and Dates 



Worldwide; dates of data vary from 
1850-present 



Description of Data: This data file contains over 4 million current set 
(direction) and drift (speed) observations made by seamen of The Netherlands, 
Japan, Great Britain, France, and the United States. Surface currents cal- 
culated from ship drifts are sometimes supplemented by Geomagnetic Eletro- 
kinetograph (an instrument which measures currents) observations. Data for 
the 19th century were collected primarily by The Netherlands; those of the 
1960s to present are primarily from US collections. 

The basic SCUDS file is organized geographically following National 
Oceanographic Data Center's (NODC's) Modified Canadian Consecutive Ten Degree 
square system which divides the world into squares for each 10 deg of latitude 
and longitude. The file is further broken into 1-deg squares within the 
10-deg squares and arranged by months and by years for each month. 

Most SCUDS records in the file contain the identity of its 10-deg, 5-deg, 
2-deg, 1-deg, 1/4-deg and 1/10-deg square; the month; day and year; current 
direction and speed; and a data source code. 

In addition to current speed and direction, water temperature, wind direc- 
tion and speed, sea direction and height, and swell direction and height are 
also included in the data file. The Netherlands' surface current data do not 
have wave information. 



Response Format: 



The basic outputs of the system are selected 
records and data summaries. These products are 
retrievable for a variety of geographic areas 
and time periods. Summaries are available in a 
long and short formats. The long format pro- 
vides area and time (monthly or period) iden- 
tity, basic statistical computations (area 
result direction and speed, north and east com- 
ponents, etc.), and a matrix of current speed 
and direction classes. Percent of observations 
for each direction and speed class, mean speed, 
maximum speed (per direction) , and standard 
deviation are also included. The short summary 
format omits the matrix of direction and speed 
classes, but contains the area and month iden- 
tity, the average northern and eastern current 
vector components for the area, the resultant 
direction and speed, the total observation for 



IV-15 



National Oceanogrnphic Data Center (Continued) 

the area, and the number of calms. Data are 
available on standard magnetic tape formats and 
printout listings. 

Point of Contact: Data Service Division 

National Oceanogrnphic Data Center 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

2001 Wisconsin Ave., NW 

Washington, DC 20235 

(202) 634-7500 



IV- 16 



US Army Engineer District, Alaska 
Pouch 898 

Anchorage, AK 99 '>()(> 
(907) 552-3461 

Publication 

Alaska Coastal Data Collection Program Data Report No. 1 and No. 2 

Publication Date: No. 1 - April 1983 

No. 2 - November 1983 

Location: Kodiak, Alaska 

(13 additional sites have been scheduled for 
instrumentation between 1983 and 1987) 

Period of Coverage: October 1981 - December 1982 (Report No. 1) 

January 1983 - September 1983 (Report No. 2) 

Contents: This series of reports contains the results of wind and wave mea- 
surements at Kodiak, Alaska, published by the Alaska Coastal Data Collection 
Program (ACDCP) . The ACDCP is a cooperative effort of the State of Alaska 
Department of Transportation and Public Facilities, the US Army Coastal 
Engineering Research Center, and the US Army Engineer District, Alaska. The 
program is designed to facilitate the collection, analysis, and storage of 
coastal wind and wave data for use in planning, design, construction, and 
maintenance of coastal facilities in Alaska. The reports contain detailed 
one-line listings of wind and wave data and statistical summaries of all data 
collected for each site, including one- and two-dimensional frequency 
distributions. 

Available From: Alaska Coastal Data Collection Program 

Navigation and Coastal Planning Section 
US Army Engineer District, Alaska 
Pouch 898 

Anchorage, AK 99506 
(907) 552-3461 



IV- 17 



Coastal Engineering Research Center 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

(601) 634-2027, FTS 542-2027 

Publications 

Atlantic Coast Hindcast, Deepwater, Significant Wave Information 
Corson, W. D., et al., WIS Report 2 



Publication Date: 



January 1981 



Location : 



13 stations along US Atlantic coast 



Period of Coverage: 



1956-1975 



Contents: Using numerical hindcast techniques, deepwater significant wave 
data (height, period, and direction) are computed for the 20-year interval, 
1956-1975. The wave data are presented for 13 stations in 8 data products: 

(a) Seasonal percent occurrence tables. 

(b) Percent exceedance diagrams. 

(c) Duration table. 

(d) Wave rose diagrams (season and year) . 

(e) Height, period, direction histograms (season and year). 

(f) Return period diagrams. 

(f) Wave steepness diagrams. 

(g) Mean and largest wave-height tables. 

Description and method of use of the products are given in the report. 

The hindcast data are generated specifically for deepwater conditions 
which represent Phase I of the Atlantic Coast Wave Information Study (ACWIS) 
conducted by the US Army Corps of Engineers. Since waves generated from 
tropical storms or hurricanes are excluded in the analyses, caution must be 
exercised when the data are applied for design or analysis purposes. 



Available From: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. AD-A095-497) 



Costs : 



Costs of hard copies or microfiches are avail- 
able from NTIS upon request. 



LV-18 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Atlantic Coa st Hindcast, Phase TI: Wave Information 
Corson, W. D., et al., WIS Report 6 

March 1982 

33 stations along US Atlantic coast 

1956-1975 



Publication Date: 



Location : 



Period of Coverage: 

Contents: Using numerical hindcast techniques, significant wave data (height, 
period, and direction) are computed under deepwater and intermediate water 
depth conditions (continental shelf) for the 20-year interval, 1956-1975. The 
wave data are presented for 33 stations in 9 data products: 

(a) Seasonal percent occurrence tables. 

(b) Percent exceedance diagrams. 

(c) "Over" duration table (duration of waves over a specific height). 

(d) "Under" duration table (duration of waves under a specific height) . 

(e) Wave rose diagrams. 

(f) Height, period, direction histograms. 

(g) Return period diagrams, 
(h) Wave steepness diagrams. 

(i) Mean and largest wave-height tables. 
Description and method of use of the products are given in the report. 

The hindcast data are generated for deepwater and/or intermediate water 
depths where the geometry of continental shelf-shoreline configuration effects 
on waves become important. This report summarizes the results of Phase TI of 
the Atlantic Coast Wave Information Study (ACWIS) conducted by the US Army 
Corps of Engineers. Since waves generated from tropical storms or hurricanes 
are excluded in the analyses, caution must be exercised when the data are 
applied for design or analysis purposes. 



Available From: 



Costs : 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. AD-A1 17-662) 

Costs of hard copies or microfiche copies are 
available from NTIS upon request. 

Extremal analyses were revised for all 73 of the 
ACWIS Phase II stations. The results are sum- 
marized in "Atlantic Coast Hindcast, Phase II 
Wave Information: Additional Extremal Esti- 
mates," by Corson and Tracy, WIS Report 15. 
Coastal Engineering Research Center, US Army 
Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, published 
in May 1985. 



IV- 19 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Atlantic Coast Hindcast, Slial 1 ow-Water , Significant Wave Information 



Pub 1 Lcation Date : 

Location : 

Period of Coverage: 



.Jensen, Robert K., WIS Report 9 
January 1983 

166 stations along the US Atlantic coast 
1956-1975 



Contents: Using a numerical transformation technique, significant wave data 
are computed for the 20-year interval, 1956-1975, for the US Atlantic coast. 
The hindcast wave data are presented for 166 stations in six data products: 

(a) Geographical variation in the wave climate (including mean wave 
height, period, and direction). 

(b) Twenty-year percent occurrence tables. 

(c) Wave rose diagrams. 

(d) Mean and largest wave-height tables. 

(e) Return period table (including wave parameter statistics). 

(f) "Over" duration tables (duration of waves over a specific wave 
height) . 

Description and method of use of the products are given in the report. 

This report presents the results of Phase III of the Atlantic Coast Wave 
Information Study (ACWIS) conducted by the US Army Corps of Engineers. The 
hindcast data are generated by the transformation of ACWIS Phase II wave data 
into shallow water where the depth is 10 m. Furthermore, straight and paral- 
lel bottom contours have been assumed in the analyses. Waves generated from 
tropical storms (hurricanes) are excluded in the study. 



Available From: 



Cost: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 
US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(203) 487-4650 FTS 737-4650 

Costs of hard copies or microfiche copies are 
available from NTIS upon request. 

A computer-based system (SEAS) has been designed 

to provide direct access to the hindcast wave 

data produced by the ACWIS. The use of SEAS 

is described in the report entitled "Sea-State 

Engineering Analyses System (SEAS)," by D. S. 

Ragsdale, WIS Report 10, August 1983. For more 

information contact: 

Information Analysis Center 

Coastal Engineering Research Center 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

(601) 634-2027, FTS 504-2027 



V-20 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Wave Climate at Selected Locations Along IIS Coasts 
Thompson, E. F., CERC TR 77-] 

Publication Date: January 1977 

Location: 11 wave gages along the Atlantic coast 

3 wave gages along the gulf coast 
5 wave gages along the Pacific coast 

Period of Coverage: Varies from gage to gage 

Contents: Since 1948, the Coastal Engineering Research Center (CERC) and its 
predecessor, the Beach Erosion Board (BEB) , have gathered data from US coastal 
locations. Staff and pressure-sensitive gages, generally shore-based, were 
used to obtain the data; a few gages were operated at offshore locations. 
Wave records were initially 7-min pen and ink records taken six times a day, 
but more recently, 1,024-sec digital records on magnetic tape taken four times 
daily have been used to determine significant wave heights and periods. 
Summaries of significant heights and periods for 19 gage locations provide 
useful information on ranges and annual and seasonal variations of wave 
climates. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 221 hi 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A-037-904) 



IV-21 



Coasta] Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Beach Nourishment Techniques, Report 4, Wave Climate for 
Selected US Offshore Beach Nourishment Projects 
Durham, I). L. , et al . , TR H-76-13 

Publication Date: April 1981 

Location: Revere Beach, Mass.; Rockaway Beach, N. Y.; 

Carolina Beach, N. C; Nassau County, Fla.; Dade 
County, Fla.; Treasure Island, Fla.; Panama 
City, Fla.; Redondo Beach, Calif.; Indiana 
Dunes, Ind.; and Presque Isle, Pa. 

Period of Coverage: Not available except Redondo Beach with a data 

base of 29 years (1946-1974) hindcast wave 
statistics 

Contents: Data are presented describing the average wave climate at 
10 selected beach nourishment sites on the coastline of the continental United 
States. The data were derived by calculating the effects of refraction, 
shoaling, and island sheltering on the deepwater wave climate applicable to 
each site. Deepwater wave climates were obtained from Synoptic Shipboard 
Meteorological Observation data tapes and California Department of Navigation 
and Ocean development files. Tables and plots of wave height/period frequency 
distribution on a monthly, annual, and azimuth of approach basis are presented 
as a means of summarizing the calculated data. The intent of this report is 
to provide information that can be used later to evaluate the ability of 
various offshore dredging systems to perform beach nourishment work. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. AD-A100-472-main text) 
(NTIS Accession No. AD-A102-376-appendices) 



IV-22 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Design Wave Information for the Great Lakes 
Resio, D. T., and Vincent, C. L., TR H-76-1 

Publication Dates: Report 1, Lake Erie, January 1976 

Report 2, Lake Ontario, March 1976 

Report 3, Lake Michigan, November 1976 

Report 4, Lake Huron, September 1977 

Report 5, Lake Superior, June 1978 

Location: 190 points along the US shoreline of the Great 

Lakes 

Period of Coverage: 22-69 years (varying from lake to lake) of wind 

field data used to hindcast extreme wave 
conditions 

Contents: This series of five reports contains hindcast wave information 
applicable to many planning and design purposes on the Great Lakes. Histori- 
cal wave data from stations along the lakes served as input to the numerical 
hindcast model, and significant wave heights were calculated for 5-, 10-, 50-, 
and 100-year return periods. These results are provided in tabular form for 
each point along the lake shoreline. The mean significant period for each of 
these wave height is also given. Information is provided for four seasons of 
the year (January-March, April-June, July-September, and October-December) and 
is separated into three approach directions relative to shore. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
NTIS Accession Nos: 
AD-A020-345 (Report 1 - Lake Erie) 
AD-A023-210 (Report 2 - Lake Ontario) 
AD-A036-029 (Report 3 - Lake Michigan) 
AD-A046-414 (Report 4 - Lake Huron) 
AD-A057-127 (Report 5 - Lake Superior) 



IV-23 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Seasonal Variations in Great Lakes Design Wave Height: Lake Erie 
Resio, D. T., et al. , MP H-76-21 

Publication Date: March 1977 

Location: 24 points along the US shoreline of Lake Erie 

Period of Coverage: 25 years of storm records used to hindcast 

extreme wave conditions 

Contents: Tables of 5-day extremal parameters are presented along with a 
methodology for the calculation of return period for a specific design wave 
height with variable intervals of time during the year, A brief description 
of the Great Lakes climatology is included to provide a meteorological context 
of wave height variations throughout the year. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No: AD-A039-153) 



IV-24 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Surf Statistics for the Coasts of the United States 



Publication Date: 
Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



Helb, James, R. , BEB TM 108 



November 1958 



27 stations along the US coasts (17 on Atlantic 
coast, 3 on gulf coast, and 7 on Pacific coast) 

1954-1957 



Contents: Visual observations of surf conditions including period and signifi- 
cant height and direction at 27 stations under a cooperative program between 
the US Coast Guard and the Beach Erosion Board, the predecessor to the Coastal 
Engineering Research Center, are reported and summarized on a monthly basis in 
tabular form. Effects of hurricanes on surf conditions along the Atlantic and 
gulf coasts are discussed. A comparison of observed surf and hindcast wave 
statistics is presented for the station at Grand Isle, La. 



Available From: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No: AD-2 16-609) 



IV-25 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Littoral Environment Observation (LEO) Data Summaries 

Northern California, 1968-78 

Schneider, C. , and Weggel, J. R. , MR No. 82-6 

Publication Date: August 1982 

Location: 25 selected sites in northern California (from 

the Monterey Peninsula to the Oregon border) 

Contents: This publication contains information on: 

(n) Wave conditions (direction, period, breaker height, and breaker 
type) . 

(b) Beach data (littoral current speed and direction, beach foreslope, 
rip current data, beach cusp spacings, monthly photos, tide levels, and sample 
data) . 

(c) Wind data (speed and direction). 



Additional Information: 



Available From: 



Other technical publications reporting LEO data 
are: 

Szuwalski, A. 1970 (Feb). "Littoral Environ- 
ment Observation Program in California, Prelimi- 
nary Report," MP 2-70. 

Balsillie, J. H. 1978 (Mar). "Analysis and 
Interpretation of Littoral Environment Observa- 
tion (LEO) and Profile Data Along the Western 
Panhandle Coast of Florida," TM 49. 

Balsillie, J. H. 1975 (Nov). "Surf Observa- 
tions and Longshore Current Prediction," TM 58. 

For additional information on LEO data and 

programs, contact: 

Coastal Engineering Information Analysis Center 

Coastal Engineering Research Center 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

(601) 634-2012, FTS 542-2012 

National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



IV- 2 6 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Wave Statistics for the Gulf of Mexico 
Bretschneider, C. L. , and Gaul, R. D., BEB TM 85-89 

Publication Date: 1956 

Location: Brownsville, Tex.; Caplen, Tex.; Burrwood, 

La.; Apalachicola, Fla. ; and Tampa Bay, 
Fla. 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: These five technical memorandums consist of hindcast wave data for 
a 3-year period (1950, 1952, 1954). The data are presented for 12-, 24-, 48-, 
and 96-ft depths and deep water. 

Each report has the following figures: 

(a) Location map for hindcast stations. 

(b) Yearly wind wave rose for deep water. 

(c) Yearly swell rose for deep water. 

(d) Onshore, offshore, parallel-to-shore yearly wind waves for deep 
water. 

(e) Onshore, offshore, parallel-to-shore yearly swells for deep water. 

(f) Cumulative frequency of deep-water wind waves from the north. 

(g) Cumulative frequency of deep-water wind waves from the northeast, 
(h) Cumulative frequency of deep-water wind waves from the east. 

(i) Cumulative frequency of deep-water wind waves from the southeast. 

(j) Cumulative frequency of deep-water wind waves from the south. 

(k) Cumulative frequency of deep-water wind waves from the southwest. 

(1) Cumulative frequency of deep-water wind waves from the west. 

(m) Cumulative frequency of deep-water wind waves from the northwest. 

(n) Simultaneous occurrence of deep-water wind waves and swell for 
onshore wind waves. 

(o) Simultaneous occurrence of deep-water wind waves and swell for 
onshore wind waves. 

(p) Simultaneous occurrence of deep-water wind waves and swell for 
parallel-to-shore wind waves. 

(q) Cumulative frequency of wave height from the north for various water 
depths. 

(r) Cumulative frequency of wave height from the northeast for various 
water depths. 

(s) Cumulative frequency of wave height from the east for various water 
depths. 

(t) Cumulative frequency of wave height from the southeast for various 
water depths. 

(u) Cumulative frequency of wave height from the south for various water 
depths. 

(v) Cumulative frequency of wave height from the southwest for various 
water depths. 

(w) Cumulative frequency of wave height from the west for various water 
depths. 



TV-2.7 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

(x) Cumulative frequency of wave height from the northwest for various 
water depths. 

(y) Cumulative frequency of wave height for onshore waves for various 
water depths. 

(z) Cumulative frequency of wave height for offshore waves for various 
water depths. 

(aa) Cumulative frequency of wave height for parallel-to-shore waves for 
various water depths. 

In addition to these figures, wave refraction data are given by refrac- 
tion coefficients and final wave direction as a function of wave period and 
deep- water wave direction for 12-, 24-, 48-, and 96-ft contour depths. 

Both the monthly and yearly statistics are tabulated. Yearly deep-water 
ocean swell summaries and a summary of the simultaneous occurrence of wind 
waves are also given. 

The last data given are for shallow-water wave statistics at water depths 
of 12, 24, 36, 48, and 96 ft. 



Available From: 



National Technical Information Service (NTIS) 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



Additional Information: 



This publication series was published by the 
Beach Erosion Board, the predecessor organiza- 
tion to the Coastal Engineering Research Center. 
It comes as five separate reports as listed 
below (with NTIS accession number) by location 



Location 



Brownsville, Tex. 
Caplen, Tex. 
Burrwood, La. 
Apalachicola, Fla. 
Tampa Bay, Fla. 



TM Number 
No. 85 
No. 86 
No. 87 
No. 88 
No. 89 



NTIS Accession No, 
AD-115-151 
AD-115-152 
AD-115-153 
AD-115-154 
AD-132-763 



IV-28 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

North Atlantic Coast Wave Statistics Hindcast by Bretschneider 

Revised Sverdrup-Munk Method 

Saville, T. , Jr., BEB TM 55 



Publication Date: 
Location: 



November 1954 



Four stations on the North Atlantic coast as 
follows: 



Latitude 
43°50' N 
41°50' N 
40°15' N 
37°00' N 



Longitude 
68°00' W 
69°30' W 
73°45' W 
75°30' W 



Vicinity 
Penobscot Bay 
Cape Cod 
New York Harbor 
Chesapeake Bay 



Period of Coverage: 



1948-1950 



Contents: The wave data given for each location contain statistical hindcast 
data for each month and for a full year, wave energy data for a full year, a 
directional wave rose, wave duration tables, a wave frequency table, and an 
energy transmittance table which gives the energy transported shoreward per 
foot at crest per year. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Center 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No: AD-60-787) 

This document was published by the Beach Erosion 
Board, the Coastal Engineering Research Center's 
predecessor organization. 



IV-29 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Nor t h Atlantic (-oast Wave Statistics Hindcast by the Wave Spectrum Method 
Neumann, C. , and James, R. W. , BEB TR 57 

Publication Date: February 1955 

Location: Four stations located along the east coast of 

the United States at the following points: 

Latitude Longitude Vicinity 

43°50' N 68°00' W Penobscot Bay 

41°50' N 69°30' W Cape Cod 

40°15' N 73°45' W New York Harbor 

37°00' N 75°30' W Chesapeake Bay 



Period of Coverage: 1948-1950 

Contents: This publication was prepared to compare the hindcast data pre- 
sented in the Beach Erosion Board's publication "North Atlantic Coast Wave 
Statistics Hindcast by Bretschneider - Revised Sverdrup-Munk Method," BEB TM 
55. 

It contains descriptions of waves under different sea conditions and 
hindcast period histograms for different wind speeds and directions. 

Tables A-l through D-l present basic wave data which include wave height 
and period for each month, average duration of waves with specified sea con- 
ditions, seasonal wave roses, a wave frequency graph, and a duration table for 
waves greater than or equal to a slated height. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No: AD-60-788) 

Additional Information: This publication was published by the Beach 

Erosion Board, the Coastal Engineering Research 
Center's predecessor organization. 



IV-30 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Mississippi Sound Wave-Hindcast Study 
Jensen, Robert E. , TR HL-83-8 

Publication Date: April 1983 

Location: 23 stations in the Mississippi Sound 

Period of Coverage: 20 years (1956-1975) 

Contents: This 878-page manual contains hindcast data on wind waves in the 
Mississippi Sound during the period 1956 to 1975. It is divided into three 
volumes. Volume one contains the main text and Appendices A and B. The main 
text discusses the methodology and the shallow-water wave model utilized in 
the hindcast computations. Appendix A is a verification of the shallow-water 
wave model, while Appendix B is on the notation used. 

Volume two contains Appendices C and D. Appendix C contains water 
depths, wave directions, fetch length, and frequency data used by the shallow- 
water wave model. Appendix D contains wave data for stations 1-12. The data 
given are (a) seasonal and 20-year percent occurrence tables, (b) percent 
exceedance diagrams, (c) height, period, and direction histograms, and 
(d) mean and largest significant wave height tables. 

Volume three contains Appendices E through G. Appendix E contains simi- 
lar wave data as Appendix D for stations 13-23. Appendix F contains duration 
of waves over a specified height, while Appendix G contains duration of waves 
under a specified height. Both Appendices F and G give data for all 
23 stations. 

Available From: US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

ATTN: Technical Information Center - Library 

Branch 
PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 
(601) 634-2571, FTS 542-2571 



IV-31 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Hurricane Wave Statistics for the Gulf of Mexico 



Publication Date: 
Location : 

Period of Coverage 



Wilson, B. W. , BEB TM 98 

June 195 7 

5 deepwater (100 fathoms) stations in the Gulf 
of Mexico: Brownsville, Tex.; Gilchrist, Tex.: 
Burrwood, La.; Apalachicola, Fla.; and Tampa, 
Fla. 

1900-1949 



Contents: This report contains the results of a statistical hindcast study of 
the heights and periods of significant waves generated by 11 historical 
hurricanes (1900-1949) occurring in the Gulf of Mexico. 

Twelve-hourly synoptic weather maps were prepared for each of the 11 hur- 
ricanes. Space-time wind fields are constructed for each of the five selected 
locations and are presented as maps. Envelope curves of maximum significant 
wave height and period as functions of arrival time at the five stations are 
also given. 

Probability distributions of wave height vs. percentage exceedance and 
frequency of occurrence of hurricane waves of specific significant heights and 
periods are presented for all five stations. 

Spiral diagrams of radial pressure distributions from the hurricane cen- 
ter at selected central pressures as a graphical aid are given in Appendix A. 
Appendix B is a theoretical and graphical aid in determining the hurricane 
surface wind velocity over the ocean. Appendix C presents a table of hurri- 
cane wave statistics which contains wave period, wave height, fetch, radius to 
maximum winds, and anomal pressure. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No: AD-158-633) 

This document was published by the Beach Erosion 
Board, the Coastal Engineering Research Center's 
predecessor organization. 



IV-32 



Coastal Engineering Research ("enter (Continued) 

Pipe Profile Data and Wave Observations from the CERC 

Beach Evaluation Program, January - March 1968 

Urban, H. D., and Galvin, C. J., Jr., MP 3-69 



Publication Date: 



September 1969 



Location: 



Five beaches on the New Jersey and Long Island 
coasts as follows: Westhampton Beach, N. Y.; 
Jones Beach, N. Y.; Long Beach Island, N. J.; 
Atlantic City, N. J.; and Ludlam Island, N. J. 



Period of Coverage: 



December 1967 to May 1968 



Contents: This publication is intended to present beach erosion and accretion 
data for the specified locations using pipe profiling techniques. Measured 
sand elevations at pipes for each of the five beaches are tabulated with the 
dates of observation and are shown in Appendix A. 

The visually observed wave data are given for seven sites: the previous 
five mentioned, plus Plum Island, Mass., and Misquamicut, R. I. A wave height 
histogram for each site is given in Figure 11. The visual wave observations 
include date and time recorded, period, height, direction, type wave, and 
remarks. 



Available From: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



IV-33 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Lake Erie International Jetport Model Feasibility Investigation; 

Results of Numerical Steady-State, Wind-Driven Circulation Analysis 

Durham, D. L., and Butler, H. L. , MP H-76-3 

Publication Date: February 1976 

Location: Lake Erie 

Period oi Coverage: N/A 

Contents: The wind-driven, steady-state, well-mixed circulation in Lake Erie 
has been studied for existing conditions and as modified by a proposed jetport 
island located near Cleveland, Ohio. The report includes data from a paramet- 
ric study for wind speeds of 17 mph and 35 mph representing average and 
extreme wind conditions from late September through May. In the study, the 
lake is assumed to be isothermal, and a solution is obtained for the entire 
lake and for a nearshore area near Cleveland. The report primarily presents 
the results of the circulation study and briefly summarizes the hydrodynamic 
model used. Included in the data are stream function contours and horizontal 
and vertical velocities at various depths for the entire lake and for the 
nearshore area. Also included are differences in velocity components and in 
velocity magnitude with and without the jetport island included in the study. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



TV-34 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Ontario 



Publication Date: 
Location: 



Saville, T. , Jr., BEB TM 38 

March 1953 

Three stations on Lake Ontario were selected for 
a comprehensive wave analysis: 



Latitude 
43°17' N 
43°15' N 
43°49' N 



Longitude 
79°46' W 
77°35' W 
76°18' W 



Vicinity 



Hamilton, Ont. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Stony Point, N. Y. 



Period of Coverage: 



1948-1950 (wave data), 1860-1951 (lake level 
data) 



Contents: This publication is divided into two sections: lake level sta- 
tistics and wave statistics. 

The lake level data include average seasonal fluctuation, a frequency of 
occurrence for short period fluctuations, and data on probability of occur- 
rence of annual maximum monthly mean lake level for 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 con- 
secutive years. 

The wave statistics section is divided into separate subsections for each 
location. Each subsection contains statistical hindcast data for each month, 
statistical hindcast data for a full year, statistical hindcast data for 
ice-free periods, and statistical energy data for various periods. Wave 
roses, and duration and frequency of waves as a function of wave heights are 
also included. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No: AD-20-009) 

This document was published by the Beach Erosion 
Board, the Coastal Engineering Research Center's 
predecessor organization. 



IV-35 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Michigan 
Saville, T. , Jr., BEB, TM 36 



Publication Date: 
Location: 



March 1953 

Five stations on Lake Michigan: 



Latitude 
45°05' N 
43°02' N 
41°53' N 
43°14' N 
44°38* N 



Longitude 
87°00' W 
87°46' W 
87°25' W 
86°27' W 
86°18' W 



Vicinity 



Baileys Harbor, Wis. 
Milwaukee, Wis. 
Chicago, 111. 
Muskegon, Mich. 
Frankfort, Mich. 



Period of Coverage: 



Wave characteristics: 1948-1950 
Lake levels: 1860-1953 



Contents: This publication is divided into two sections: lake level sta- 
tistics and wave statistics. 

The lake level data include average seasonal fluctuation, a frequency of 
occurrence for short period fluctuations, and data on probability of occur- 
rence of annual maximum monthly mean lake level for 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 consecu- 
tive years. 

The wave statistics section is divided into separate subsections for each 
location. Each subsection contains statistical hindcast data for each month, 
statistical hindcast data for a full year, statistical hindcast data for 
ice-free periods, and statistical energy data for various periods. Wave 
roses, and duration and frequency of waves as a function of wave heights are 
also included. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No: AD-20-097) 

This document was published by the Beach Erosion 
Board, the Coastal Engineering Research Center's 
predecessor organization. 



IV-36 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Wave and Lake Level Statistics for Lake Erie 



Publication Date: 
Location: 



Saville, T. , Jr., BEB, TM 37 
March 1953 
Five stations on Lake Erie: 



Latitude 
41°50' N 
41°35' N 
42°12' N 
42°49' N 



Longitude 
83°10' W 
81°45' W 
80°05' W 
78°57' W 



Vicinity 



Monroe, Mich. 
Cleveland, Ohio 

Erie, Pa. 
Buffalo, N. Y. 



Period of Coverage: 



Wave characteristics: 1948-1950 
Lake levels: 1860-1951 



Contents: This publication is divided into two sections: lake level statis- 
tics and wave statistics. 

The lake level data include average seasonal fluctuation, a frequency of 
occurrence for short period fluctuations, and data on probability of occur- 
rence of annual maximum monthly mean lake level for 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 consecu- 
tive years. 

The wave statistics section is divided into separate subsections for each 
location. Each subsection contains statistical hindcast data for each month, 
statistical hindcast data for a full year, statistical hindcast data for 
ice-free periods, and statistical energy data for various periods. Wave 
roses, and duration and frequency of waves as a function of wave heights are 
also included. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No: AD-20-098) 

This document was published by the Beach Erosion 
Board, the Coastal Engineering Research Center's 
predecessor organization. 



IV-37 



American Society of Civil Engineers 
345 East 47th Street 
New York, NY 10017 

Publication 

Revisions to Hurricane Design Wave Practices, 

Coastal Engineering, Volume 1, 1972 Proceedings 

Bretschneider, C. L., Chapter 7, pp 167-195 

Publication Date: 1973 

Location: US east and gulf coasts 

Contents: This is a conference paper presented by the author to the Thir- 
teenth Coastal Engineering Conference in Vancouver, B. C, Canada. The 1959 
paper by the same author entitled "Hurricane Design Wave Practices" has been 
widely used in the past for obtaining design wave criteria. The revision 
presented in this paper applies to the US east and gulf coasts past historical 
hurricanes and also to the US National Weather Service standard project and 
probable maximum hurricanes for deepwater conditions. The results are pre- 
sented in 14 figures and 4 tables and could serve as inputs for a particular 
location to calculate design storm surge and design wave criteria. 

Available From: American Society of Civil Engineers 

345 East 47th Street 
New York, NY 10017 

or most university libraries. 



IV-38 



University of Florida 

Coastal and Oceanographic Department 

Gainesville, FL 32601 

Publication 

Florida Coastal Data Network, Annual Report 

Publication Date: 1984 

Location: Ten coastal stations along the Florida coastline 

are identified as the coastal data network field 
stations. Six of the ten stations, St. Mary's 
Entrance, Marine Land, Cape Canaveral, Miami, 
Mayport Naval Air Base, and Clearwater, provide 
data to the report. 

Period of Coverage: December 1983 - September 1984 

Contents: This publication is a special wave data report. It includes tables 
and figures which contain joint distributions of wave height and period, 
marginal and cumulative distribution of height and period, and wave roses for 
the field stations by month or by season. The report does not contain any 
discriptive information about the network. Further information may be 
obtained from the above address. 

Available From: University of Florida 

Coastal and Oceanographic Department 
Gainesville, FL 32601 



IV-39 



University of Michigan 

Department of Meteorology and Oceanography 

College of Engineering 

Ann Arbor, MI 48109 

(313) 764-7433 

Publication 



Wave Statistics for Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Superior 
Hilfiker, R. C, and Cole, A. L. 



Publication Date: 
Location: 



August 1970 



Lake Michigan 



Point Betsie, Mich. 
Muskegon, Mich. 
Burns Harbor, Ind. 



Port Huron, Mich. 
Harbor Beach, Mich 
Douglas Point, Ont 
Alpena, Mich. 
Cockburn Island, Ont. 





44.67 


N 


86.33 W 




43.17 


N 


86.33 W 




41.67 


N 


87.17 W 


Lake 


Huron 








43.17 


N 


82.33 W 




44.17 


N 


82.67 W 




44.33 


N 


81.67 W 




45.00 


N 


83.17 W 


it. 


45.83 


N 


83.17 W 



Lake Superior 



Period of Coverage: 



Duluth, Minn. 46.83 N 91.67 W 

Gland Marias, Minn. 47.67 N 90.33 W 

Eagle Harbor, Mich. 47.50 N 88.17 W 

Marquette, Mich. 46.67 N 87.33 W 

Whitefish Point, Mich. 46.83 N 85.00 W 

Slate Island, Ont. 48.67 N 86.83 W 



1965-67 



Contents: A wave hindcast study for Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Superior was 
conducted for the years 1965, 1966, and 1967. The purpose of this study was 
to help in the understanding of shoreline erosion, the design of maritime 
structures, and the design of Great Lakes ships. 

The study produced statistics of significant wave height and period for 
11 locations on Lakes Huron and Superior for which such data were not avail- 
able before. Wave statistics were also produced for three locations on Lake 
Michigan so that comparisons could be made with an earlier study. 

The wind field used to determine the wave parameters was derived from the 
geostrophic wind based on a pressure analysis of synoptic weather reports 
taken every 6 hr. The Svendrup-Munk method of wave hindcasting as revised by 
Bretschneider (the SMB method) was used to hindcast the wave parameters. 



IV-40 



University of Michigan (Continued) 

Available From: University of Michigan 

Department of Meteorology and Oceanography 
College of Engineering 
Ann Arbor, MI 48109 
(313) 764-7433 



IV-41 



National Physical Laboratory 
Ministry of Technology 
Teddington, Middlesex 
England 

Publication 

Ocean Wave Statistics 
Hogben, N., and Lumb, F. E. 

Publication Date: 1967 

Location: Major shipping routes of the world oceans 

including the Red Sea, Persian Gulf, China Sea, 
and Indian Ocean 

Period of Coverage: 1953-1961 

Contents: A statistical survey of wave characteristics estimated visually 
from voluntary observing ships sailing along the shipping routes of the world. 
Its purpose was to provide systematic information about environmental condi- 
tions for use in research on the seagoing qualities of ships. A total of 
2,500 voluntary ships generated almost 2 million sets of observations 
consisting of wave direction, period, height of sea, and swell. A total of 
1-3/4 million sets of observations made during this 8-year period have been 
processed at the time of publication and 1 million of these were used to 
comprise the tables. There are three basic types of tables: 

Group I. All Seasons - All directions : This set of tables gives the 
data for each area taken over the whole year and over all wave directions. 
The tables therefore summarize the data of each area. 

Group II. All Seasons - With Directional Breakdown : This set of tables 
gives the data for each area taken over the whole year but with directional 
breakdown. 

Group III. Seasonal and Directional Breakdown : This set of tables gives 
the data for each area according to the season of the year and with direc- 
tional breakdown. 

The boundaries for the 50 areas are based on a Marsden Square Chart. 

Available From: H. M. Stationary Office 

London, England 



IV-42 



US Naval Oceanographic Office 
Washington, DC 20390 



Publication 



Oceanographic Atlas of the North Atlantic Ocean, 

Section IV, Sea and Swell 

NOO-PUB-700-SEC-4 



Publication Date: 
Location: 

Period of Coverage; 



1963 

North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and 
Caribbean Sea, and Mediterranean Sea 

N/A 



Contents: This publication is predominantly a presentation of sea, swell, and 
wave data for the North Atlantic Ocean based on visual wave estimates of the 
sea surface. The figures include: 

(a) Monthly wind roses by location. 

(b) Monthly sea states with isolines indicating percent frequency of sea 
£ 5, 8, 12, and 20 ft. 

(c) Predominant sea direction and constancy by month. 

(d) Monthly swell charts with isolines indicating percent frequency of 
sea £ 12 ft. 

(e) Predominant swell direction and constancy by month. 

(f) Persistency of waves of specific heights by season. 

(g) Wave period-height and period-direction charts by season. 

(h) Percent frequency of seas requiring reduction in speed of ship for 
specific headings by season. 



Additional Information: 



Available From: 



There are six sections in this atlas series. 
The section number, subject title, and NTIS 
Accession Nos. are: 

Section I, Tides and Currents, AD-835-752 

Section II, Physical Properties, AD-658-219 

Section III, Ice Properties, AD-846-816 

Section IV, Sea and Swell, AD-835-753 

Section V, Marine Geology, AD-625-861 

Section VI, Sound Velocity, AD-650-880 

National Technical Information Service 

ATTN: Operation Division 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



IV- 4 3 



Scripps Institute of Oceanography 

Nearshore Research Group 

Institute of Marine Resources 

Mail Code A022 

University of California, San Diego 

La Jolla, CA 92093 

(619) 452-2561 



Publication 



Coastal Data Information Program 
Seymour, R. L., et al. 



Publication Interval: 



Monthly and annual 



Location: 



Five stations off California coast from December 
1975 to December 1977. The number of stations 
has been increased to more than 30 since 1978 
with the majority located in California, Oregon, 
and Washington. Other stations are in Hawaii, 
Lake Michigan, and North Carolina. 



Period of Coverage: 



December 1975 to the present (coverage varies 
from station to station) 



Contents: This series of publications presents the results of the coastal 
wave data acquisition program conducted by the Nearshore Group at the Scripps 
Institute of Oceanography. Earlier reports include Coast Engineering Data 
Network (1975-1976), California Coast Engineering Data Network (1977-1978), 
California Coastal Data Collection Program (1979-1980), and Coastal Data 
Information Program (1981-present) . The current program is sponsored by the 
California Department of Boating and Waterways and the US Army Corps of 
Engineers. 

The monthly reports present wave energy spectra (plots and tabulations) , 
maximum daily significant wave height, wave persistence in consecutive days as 
a function of wave height, and wave direction as a function of wave period 
bands. Annual data summary includes probability distribution functions of 
wave height and peak period, seasonal probability of exceeding various sig- 
nificant wave heights, and joint distribution of wave height and peak period. 



Available From: 



Scripps Institute of Oceanography 

Nearshore Research Group 

Institute of Marine Resources 

Mail Code A022 

University of California, San Diego 

La Jolla, CA 92093 

(619) 452-2561 



1V-44 



Scripps Institute of Oceanography (Continued) 



Coastal Engineering Research Center 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

(601) 634-2075, FTS 542-2075 



California Department of Boating and 

Waterways 
1629 "S" Street 
Sacramento, CA 95814 



IV-45 



Meteorology International, Inc. 
205 Monecito Avenue 
Monterey, CA 93940 

Publication 

D eep-Water Wave Statistics for the California Coast 

Publication Date: 1977 

Location: Six stations off California coast: 

(42.0° N - 125.0° W) (39.6° N - 124.5° W) 

(37.6° N - 123.5° W) (35.5° N - 122.0° W) 

(33.5° N - 120.4° W) (31.5° N - 118.4° W) 

Period of Coverage: 1951-1974 

Contents: This six-volume publication summarizes the statistics derived from 
24 years of wave hindcasting using the US Navy Fleet Numerical Weather Central 
(FNWC) Singular Sea/Swell Model. Hindcasts of seas and swells were made from 
wind fields developed from shipboard barometer readings taken between 1951 and 
1974. The basic approach was to convert actual barometric observations to a 
pressure field, derive the wind field mathematically, and then use the wind 
field to generate the wave field. The report presents: 

(a) Wave roses. 

(b) Wave height duration bar graphs by year and by month. 

(c) Direction-period-height frequency of occurrence distribution. 

(d) Monthly mean wave height. 

(e) Maximum monthly direction-period-height frequency of occurrence 
distribution. 

(f) Minimum monthly direction-period-height frequency of occurrence 
distribution. 

(g) Extreme event listing (ordered by date, by wave height, and by 
period) . 

Available From: Meteorology International, Inc. 

205 Monecito Avenue 
Monterey, CA 93940 



California State Department of Navigation and 

Ocean Development (DNOD) 
1416 Ninth Street (1629 S. Street) 
Sacramento, CA 95814 

Additional Notes: Microfiche copies of all tables are available at 

DNOD. 



IV-46 



National Marine Consultants, Inc. 
Interstate Electronics Corporation 
1001 E. Ball Road 
Anaheim, CA 92803 
(714) 635-7210 

Publications 

Wave Statistics for Twelve Most Severe Storms Affecting Three Selected 
Stations off the Coast of Washington and Oregon, During the Period 1950-1960 

Publication Date: January 1961 

Location: Three stations off the coast of Oregon and 

Washington with locations as follow: 

Station 1 44°40' K 124°50' W 
Station 2 46°12' N 124°30' W 
Station 3 47°40' N 125°00' W 



Period of Coverage: 1950-1960 

The dates of specific storms selected for 
analysis occurred during the months listed 
below: 

October 1950 February 1951 

December 1951 December 1952 

February 1954 November 1954 

December 1953 March 1956 

January 1956 December 1957 (sta 2 

December 1959 and 3 only) 
February 1960 
(sta 1 only) 
January 1951 

Contents: This publication contains 36 separate tables, one for each station 
and storm. Wind velocity, fetch length, wind duration, and decay distances 
were determined from 6-hr synoptic weather charts for the North Pacific Ocean. 
Significant wave heights, the range of wave periods, the significant wave 
period, and the mean wave direction were then determined. Wherever possible, 
observational wave data from ships near the study sites were examined to cor- 
relate with the hindcast data. 

Available From: National Marine Consultants, Inc. 

Interstate Electronics Corporation 
1001 E. Ball Road 
Anaheim, CA 92803 
(714) 635-7210 

or on loan from: 



IV-47 



Kafiona] Marine Consultants, Inc. (Continued) 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 
ATTN: Technical Information Center - 

Library Branch 
PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 
(601) 634-2543, FTS 542-2543 

Additional Information: Microfiche copies of all the tables in the 

report may be obtained from the California 
Department of Navigation and Ocean Development, 



IV-48 



National Marine Consultants, Inc. (Continued) 

Wave Statistics Tor Three Deep Water Stations Along 
the Oregon-Washington Coast 

Publication Date: May 1961 

Location: The general area of study covers the entire 

coast of Oregon and Washington and is repre- 
sented by three selected deepwater stations: 

Station 1 44°40' N 124°50' W 
Station 2 46°12' N 124°30' W 
Station 3 47°40' N 125°00' W 



Period of Coverage: Results are based upon meteorological records 

and charts for the years 1956, 1957, and 1958 

Contents: The purpose of this report is to compile hindcast deepwater wave 
statistics and to include the analysis and necessary computations involved, 
based upon meteorological records and charts. The statistics compiled and 
presented in this report are wave height, wave direction, and wave period and 
are presented as monthly and annual averages. 

Available From: National Marine Consultants, Inc. 

Interstate Electronics Corporation 
1001 E. Ball Road 
Anaheim, CA 92803 
(714) 635-7210 



IV-49 



National Marine Consultants, Inc. (Continued) 

Wave Statistics for Seven Deep Water Stations 
Along the California Coast 

Publication Date: December 1960 

Location: Seven deepwater stations whose coordinates are: 



Station 1 


42'0° 


N 


125*0° 


w 


Station 2 


39*6° 


N 


124'5° 


W 


Station 3 


37'6° 


N 


123'5° 


w 


Station 4 


35'5° 


N 


122'0° 


w 


Station 5 


34'5° 


N 


121'0° 


w 


Station 6 


34'2° 


N 


120'0° 


w 


Station 7 


33'5° 


N 


119'5° 


w 



Period of Coverage: This report compiles deepwater wave statistics 

based upon meteorological records and charts for 
the years 1956, 1957, and 1958 

Contents: Results of a wave hindcast analysis for the seven deepwater sites 
are presented in the form of average monthly and average annual wave 
height-period-direction frequency distributions. Wave directions are the 
directions from which the waves approach; the wave height is in terms of sig- 
nificant height; the wave period is the average period associated with the 
significant wave height. 

Annual wave roses are also presented and are given in combined rose and 
histogram form. The rose, which is in the center of each diagram, shows a 
frequency distribution of wave direction. The histograms surrounding the rose 
give a frequency distribution of wave height for each direction. Two such 
diagrams are presented for each station, one for sea and one for swell. 

Available From: National Marine Consultants, Inc. 

Interstate Electronics Corporation 
1001 E. Ball Road 
Anaheim, CA 92803 
(714) 635-7210 

or on loan from: 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 
ATTN: Technical Information Center - Library 

Branch 
PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 
(601) 634-2543, FTS 542-2543 



IV-50 



Canada Department of Transport 
Meteorological Branch 
315 Bloor Street West 
Toronto 181, Ontario, Canada 

Publication 

Synthesized Winds and Wave Heights for the Great Lakes 
Richards, T. L., and Phillips, D. W., Climatological Studies Number 17 

Publication Date: 1970 

Location: Toronto on Lake Ontario, London on Lake Erie, 

Wiarton on Lake Huron, and Thunder Bay (formally 
called Lakehead) on Lake Superior 

Period of Coverage: 1956-67 

Contents: This paper employs an empirical method for developing analyses of 
what may be termed synthesized over-lake winds based on recently established 
relationships between over-land and over-lake winds. These synthesized data 
were used with a wind-wave hindcast technique used by the Directorate of the 
Canadian Naval Weather Service to develop wave height frequency analyses for 
each of the Great Lakes bordering Canada. 

The over-land and over-lake wind data are presented for each of the four 
towns and lakes, respectively. It is given by season, and the individual 
seasons are further broken down into monthly periods. The monthly periods 
provide wind direction (eight directions) and speed and percent of time during 
the month that the wind blew at this direction and speed. 

Monthly histograms of wave heights (generated by 100-nautical-mile fetch) 
are given for each lake. The last data given are probability distributions of 
significant wave heights greater than indicated thresholds for each lake. 

Available From: Canada Department of Transport 

Meteorological Branch 
315 Bloor Street West 
Toronto 181, Ontario, Canada 



IV-51 



Bedford Institute of Oceanography 
PO Box 1006 

Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4A2 
(902) 426-3675 



Publication 



11 Year Deep Water Wave Climate of Canadian Atlantic Waters 

Neu, H. J. A., Canadian Technical Report of Hydrology 

and Ocean Sciences No. 13 



Publication Date 



October 1982 



Location: 



The Canadian Atlantic and adjacent areas 



Period of Coverage: 



1970-1980 



Contents: Long-term annual and monthly wave height distributions were 
developed for the offshore region of the Canadian Atlantic from an 11-year 
time series of 12-hr wave charts for the North Atlantic Ocean. Largest 
significant wave heights are presented for return periods of 1, 10, and 
100 years. A brief discussion on the long-term variability of sea state is 
included. Also included are directional period distributions of the 
20 largest storms each month during the 11 years of record and monthly 
directional energy spectra for the Hibernia Oil Field area for every other 
month. 



Available From: 



Bedford Institute of Oceanography 
PO Box 1006 

Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4A2 
(902) 426-3675 



Additional Information: 



Other publications of interest are: 

Neu, H. J. A. 1971. "Wave Climate of the 
Canadian Atlantic Coast and Continental Shelf - 
1970," Atl. Oceanogr. Lab., Bedford Inst., 
Report 1971-10, Dartmouth, N. S., p 103. 

Neu, H. J. A. 1976. "Wave Climate of the North 
Atlantic - 1970," Atl. Oceanogr. Lab., Bedford 
Inst, of Oceanogr., Report Series, BI-R-76-10, 
Dartmouth, N. S., p 37. 

Vandall, P. E. J. 1976. "Wave Statistics 
During a North Atlantic Storm," Bedford Inst, of 
Oceanogr., Report Series, BI-R-76-11, Dartmouth, 
N. S. 

Walker, R. E. 1976. "Wave Statistics for the 
North Atlantic - 1970," Bedford Inst, of 
Oceanogr., Data Series, BI-D-76-3, Dartmouth, 
N. S. 



IV-52 



Bedford Institute of Oceanography (Continued) 



Walker, R. E. 1977. "Wave Statistics for the 
North Atlantic - 1971," Bedford Inst, of 
Oceanogr., Data Series, BI-D-77-1, Dartmouth, 
N. S. 

Walker, R. E. 1978. "Wave Statistics for the 
North Atlantic - 1972," Bedford Inst, of 
Oceanogr., Data Series, BI-D-78-2, Dartmouth, 

N. S. 



IV-53 



University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee 
Center for Great Lakes Studies 
Milwaukee, WI 53201 
(414) 963-1122 

Publication 

Time-Series Plots of Lake Ontario Currents, Temperature, and Winds 
Marmorino, G. 0., Special Report No. 36 

Publication Date: June 1978 

Location: Nine stations in Lake Ontario: one near 

mid-lake, about 40 km from shore, and in about 
140 m of water; the other eight spaced around 
the lake, about 50 km apart, 15 km from shore, 
and in 100 m of water 

Period of Coverage: December 1972 - March 1973 

Contents: As part of the International Field Year for the Great Lakes program 
to measure the climatology of Lake Ontario, currents and water temperatures 
were sampled every 30 min at nine stations with Plessey and Geodyne current 
meters, from 1 December 1972 through late March 1973 by E. B. Bennett's group 
at the Canada Center for Inland Waters. 

Vector time-series plots of currents and wind stress and scalar plots of 
water temperature are presented at 10-day intervals using hourly data from 
Lake Ontario, December 1972 - March 1973. To allow comparisons to be made 
between currents and wind forcing, time-series plots of wind are also 
presented. In addition, information on the lake's thermal structure was 
provided by Airborne Radiation Thermometer flight surveys and by ship surveys. 

Available From: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee 

Center for Great Lakes Studies 
Milwaukee, WI 53201 
(414) 963-1122 



IV- 54 



PART V: ICE INFORMATION 

Page 

No. 

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory V-2 

Great Lakes Ice Atlas V-2 

Summary of Great Lakes Weather and Ice Conditions V-3 

A Computerized Ice Concentration Data Base for the Great Lakes . . V-6 

Lake Erie Regional Ice Cover Analysis: Preliminary Results . . . V-7 

Canada Department of Transport ........ ..... V-8 

US Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory V-10 

Ice Thickness Observations, North American Arctic 

and Subarctic V-10 

US Naval Oceanographic Office ........ V-ll 

Oceanographic Atlas of the Polar Seas, Part II, Arctic V-ll 

Canada Department of Mines and Technical Surveys V-12 

Ice Atlas of Arctic Canada V-12 



V-l 



Greaft Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2300 Washtenaw Avenue 

Ann Arbor, MI 48104 

(313) 668-2235, FTS 378-2235 



Publ ications 



Great Lakes Ice Atlas 
Assel, R. A. , et al. 



Publication Date: 
Location: 



July 1983 

Great Lakes including surrounding bays and 
harbors 



Contents: Over 2,800 historic Great Lakes ice charts spanning 20 winters 
(1960-79) were digitized and converted to discrete 5- by 5-km grid cells. 
This data set was analyzed to produce a series of 46 plates, including 9 for 
each of the five Great Lakes with 1 extra plate for Lake Michigan. The plates 
portray charts of maximum, minimum, and normal ice concentration patterns and 
observation density for nine semimonthly periods beginning the last half of 
December and ending the last half of April. The percent of the surface area 
covered by ice was calculated for each ice chart and summarized in tabular 
format. In addition, a 10-year data set of ice thickness in the nearshore 
zone of the Great Lakes, i.e., primarily in bays and harbors, is presented to 
identify ice thickness ranges and ice stratigraphic patterns for the Great 
Lakes Region. To complete this atlas, air temperatures at 25 stations on the 
perimeter of the Great Lakes for an 80-winter period (1898-1977) were used to 
classify winter severity into five severity classes, based on freezing degree- 
days. Winter severity trends for the preice and postice concentration clima- 
tology periods are identified on an annual and semimonthly time scale for 
individual stations and for lake-wide averages. 

This atlas is an updated version of NOAA's 1971 publication, Technical 
Memorandum NOS LSCR1 by Donald R. Rondy. Additional data or information about 
Great Lakes ice conditions can be obtained from the bibliography and reference 
list of both publications. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



Information Service 

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2300 Washtenaw Avenue 

Ann Arbor, MI 48104 

(313) 668-2235, FTS 378-2235 

Contact appropriate Coast Guard Offices listed 
in Appendix E for additional ice information. 



V-2 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (Continued) 

Summary of Great Lakes Weather and Ice Conditions 
Publication Interval: Annual 



Location: 

Period of Coverage: 

Former Title: 



Great Lakes and their immediate vicinity 

Winter 1962-1963 to winter 1979-1980 

Prior to Winter 1974/75, publications are 
entitled Great Lake Ice Cover, Winter 
19 - 19 



Contents: This series of publication presents the ice information of each 
winter season of the Great Lakes beginning in 1962. Data included are 
freezing degree-day statistics; composite ice charts illustrating the seasonal 
pattern of ice formation, growth, and decay; and/or ice charts illustrating 
synoptic ice conditions. The summaries of meteorological data including 
barometric pressure and air temperature were added to the publication. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



Information Service 

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2300 Washtenaw Avenue 

Ann Arbor, MI 48104 

(313) 668-2235, FTS 378-2235 

Earlier publications were prepared by the 
Lake Survey of the US Army Corps of Engineers. 
Later issues were by the Lake Survey Center of 
the National Ocean Survey, NOAA. In 1974, the 
Limnology Division of Lake Survey Center was 
transferred to the Great Lakes Environmental 
Research Laboratory, NOAA. The author(s), 
title, and publication agency for each issue 
are: 

Wilshaw, R., and Rondy, D. R. 1965. "Great 
Lake Ice Cover, Winter 1964-65," Research Report 
No. 5-1, US Lake Survey, Corps of Engineers. 

Rondy, D. R. 1966. "Great Lake Ice Cover, 
Winter 1965-66," Basic Data Report 5-2, US Lake 
Survey, Corps of Engineers. 

Rondy, D. R. 1967. "Great Lake Ice Cover, 
Winter 1966-67," Basic Data Report 5-3, US Lake 
Survey, Corps of Engineers. 



V-3 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (Continued) 



Rondy, D. R. 1968. "Great Lake Ice Cover, 
Winter 1967-68," Basic Data Report 5-4, US Lake 
Survey, Corps of Engineers. 

Rondy, D. R. 1969. "Great Lake Ice Cover, 
Winter 1962-1963 and 1963-1964," Basic Data 
Report 5-5, US Lake Survey, Corps of Engineers. 

Assel, R. A. 1972. "Great Lake Ice Cover, 
Winter 1970-1971," NOAA Tech. Memo. NOS LSCD 4, 
National Technical Information Service, 
Springfield, VA 22161. 

Assel, R. A. 1972. "Great Lake Ice Cover, 
Winter 1971-1972," NOAA Tech. Memo. NOS LSCD 6, 
National Technical Information Service, 
Springfield, VA 22161. 

Assel, R. A. 1974. "Great Lake Ice Cover, 
Winter 1972-1973," NOAA Tech. Memo. NOS LSCD 7, 
National Technical Information Service, 
Springfield, VA 22161. 

Assel, R. A. 1974. "Great Lake Ice Cover, 
Winter 1973-1974," NOAA Tech. Rept. ERL 
325-GLER 1, National Technical Information 
Service, Springfield, VA 22161. 

Leshkevich, G. A. 1976. "Great Lake Ice Cover, 
Winter 1974-1975," NOAA Tech. Rept. ERL 
370-GLERL 11, National Technical Information 
Service, Springfield, VA 22161. 

Leshkevich, G. A. 1977. "Great Lake Ice Cover, 
Winter 1975-1976," NOAA Tech. Rept. ERL 
370-GLERL 12, National Technical Information 
Service, Springfield, VA 22161. 

Quinn, F. H., et al. 1978. "Summary of Great 
Lakes Weather and Ice Conditions, Winter 
1976-1977," NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL GLERL-20, 
National Technical Information Service (NTIS PB 
292 613/75T), Springfield, VA 22161. 

Assel, R. A., et al. 1979. "Summary of Great 
Lakes Weather and Ice Conditions, Winter 
1977-1978," NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL GLERL-26, 
National Technical Information Service, 
Springfield, VA 22161. 



V-4 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (Continued) 



DeWitt, B. H., et al. 1980. "Summary of Great 
Lakes Weather and Ice Conditions, Winter 
1978-1979," NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL GLERL-31, 
National Technical Information Service, 
Springfield, VA 22161. 



V-5 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (Continued) 

A Computerized Tee Concentration Data Base for the Great Lakes 
Assel, R. A., NOAA Data Report ERL GLERL-24 

Publication Date: April 1983 

Location: Great Lakes 

Period of Coverage: N/A (See Contents) 

Contents: This report describes the computerized data set and an ice concen- 
tration climatology developed from the data set. The data base being 
described contains 20-winter observations made by GLERL and its predecessor. 
Data reduction and analysis procedures, computer file structure and record 
format, and availability of the data are given by this report. 

Available From: Information Service 

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2300 Washtenaw Avenue 

Ann Arbor, MI 48104 

(313) 668-2235, FTS 378-2235 



V-6 



Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (Continued) 

Lake Erie Regional Ice Cover Analysis: Preliminary Results 
Assel, Raymond A., NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL GLERL-48 

Publication Date: July 1983 

Location: Lake Erie 

Period of Coverage: 1960-1979 

Contents: A 20-year digital ice concentration data set was divided into nine 
half-month periods, starting with the last half of December and ending in the 
last half of April. Observation density, average regional ice cover, and 
percentage of ice cover exceedance were calculated for three regions of the 
lake: the entire lake, the lake east of Long Point, Ont., and the lake east 
of Port Colborne, Ont. Results of the analysis are presented in tables and 
graphs of percentage of region observed, average ice cover, and percentage 
exceedance from average ice cover. Seasonal and regional trends in ice cover 
extent are discussed. 

Available From: Information Service 

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 

US Department of Commerce 

2300 Washtenaw Avenue 

Ann Arbor, MI 48104 

(313) 668-2235, FTS 378-2235 



V-7 



Canada Department of Transport 
Meteorological Branch 
315 Floor Street West 
Toronto 181, Ontario, Canada 

The following list of publications provides additional ice information of 
Great Lakes region: 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1960. "Aerial Ice 
Observing and Reconnaissance — The Great Lakes," Tech. Cir. 3361, TEC 328, 
Canada Department of Transport, Toronto, Ont. , 15 pp. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1961. "Aerial Ice 
Observing and Reconnaissance — The Great Lakes," Tech. Cir. 3350, TEC 371, 
Canada Department of Transport, Toronto, Ont., 57 pp. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1962. "Aerial Ice 
Observing and Reconnaissance — The Great Lakes," Tech. Cir. 3372, TEC 440, 
Canada Department of Transport, Toronto, Ont., 57 pp. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1963. "Aerial Ice 
Observing and Reconnaissance — The Great Lakes," Tech. Cir. 3987, ICE 13, 
Canada Department of Transport, Toronto, Ont., 26 pp. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1964. "Ice 
Observations — Canadian Inland Waterways," Canada Department of Transport, 
Toronto, Ont., pp 1-5, 35 fig. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1965. "Ice 
Observations — Canadian Inland Waterways," Canada Department of Transport, 
Toronto, Ont., pp 1-5, 46 fig. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1966. "Ice 
Observations — Canadian Inland Waterways," Canada Department of Transport, 
Toronto, Ont., pp 1-6, 60 fig. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1967. "Ice 
Observations — Canadian Inland Waterways," Canada Department of Transport, 
Toronto, Ont., pp 1-11, 104 fig. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1968. "Ice 
Observations — Canadian Inland Waterways," Canada Department of Transport, 
Toronto, Ont., 63 pp. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1969. "Ice 
Observations — Canadian Inland Waterways," Canada Department of Transport, 
Toronto, Ont., 90 pp. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1970. "Ice 
Observations — Canadian Inland Waterways," Canada Department of Transport, 
Toronto, Ont., pp 1-16, 169 fig. 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1971. "Ice 
Observations — Canadian Inland Waterways," Canada Department of Transport, 
Toronto, Ont., pp 1-11, 187 fig. 



V-8 



Canada Department of Transport (Continued) 

Canada Department of Transport, Meteorological Branch. 1975. "Ice Thickness 
Summary for Selected Canadian Stations Means, Extremes, and Standard Devia- 
tions of Ice Thickness and Snow Depth on Ice," Tech. Cir. ICE 1-75, Toronto, 
Ont. , 60 pp. 

Available From: Canada Department of Transport 

Meteorological Branch 
315 Floor Street West 
Toronto 181, Ontario, Canada 



V-9 



US Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory 

72 Lyme Road 

Hanover, NH 03755-1290 

(603) 646-4100 

Publication 



Ice Thickness Observations, North American Arctic and Subarctic 



Publication Dates 



Location: 



Bilello, M. A., USA CRREL Special Report 43 

: 1961, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1971, 1972, and 1975 

The number of ice stations selected for ice 
observation varies from year to year. They are 
widely distributed to cover lakes, rivers, and 
coastline of Alaska and Canada. As of 1972, a 
total of 46 stations were located in Alaska and 
43 in Canada. 



Contents: Special Report 43 contains seven reports on lake, river, and land- 
fast sea ice. It presents ice thickness measurements throughout the North 
American arctic and subarctic during 14 winter seasons (1958-1972). 

Information on surface ice conditions, dates of first ice, freeze-over 
and breakup dates, and detailed measurements of ice thickness across Alaskan 
rivers is included. Isoline maps showing the maximum observed ice thickness 
and average date of maximum ice thickness are also included. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

US Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering 

Laboratory (CRREL) 
72 Lyme Road 
Hanover, NH 03755-1290 
(603) 646-4100, FTS 836-4100 

CRREL has conducted numerous researches on ice 
mechanics and ice engineering. Users should 
contact CRREL at the above address for more 
information and assistance. 



V-10 



US Naval Oceanographic Office 
Hydrographic Department 
NSTL Station, MS 39529 
(601) 688-4015, FTS 494-4015 

Publication 

Oceanographic Atlas of the Polar Seas, Part II, Arctic 
H. 0. Publication No. 705 

Publication Date: 1958 (Reprinted 1968) 

Location: Arctic Ocean and vicinity 

Period of Coverage: Most of the charts in this atlas were completed 

in early 1957 from all available data at that 
time. 

Contents: This atlas contains seven main sections: Tides and Currents, Ice, 
Physical Properties, Distribution of Oceanographic Observations, Marine 
Biology, Marine Geology, and Wind-Sea-Swell Data. 

The Tides and Currents section contains information on the type of tide, 
cotidal lines, spring tide range, general surface circulation, major drifts of 
vessels and ice islands, circulation of Atlantic waters in the Arctic Ocean, 
and other more site-specific data. 

The Physical Properties section has data in chart form of water tempera- 
ture, air-sea temperature differences, water salinity and water density in 
surface chart and vertical section form, and water color and transparency 
data. 

The Ice data are presented for each month in chart form that shows the 
percent sea surface covered by ice (concentration) . Variability data and 
maximum and minimum Isolines are drawn on each monthly chart. Many freeze and 
breakup dates at specific sites are included along with other site-specific 
data. 

The Wind-Sea-Swell Data section contains seasonal surface wind roses and 
state of sea (chart with isolines showing percent frequency of seas 5 ft and 
greater) data, seasonal swell charts, and an accumulated frequency distribu- 
tion of height-period combinations and directional distribution of periods of 
surface waves for specific areas at different seasons, and station wave height 
data. 

The Marine Geology section includes map subsections on geologic struc- 
ture, ocean basins, coastal plains and continental platforms, continental 
shields, fold systems, bottom sediments, gravity, magnetism, bathymetry, and 
seismicity-tsunami-volcanoes . 

The Marine Biology section contains fouling, marine algae and seagrass, 
marine mammals, and the deep scattering layer phenomena. 

Available From: Defense Technical Information Center 

Defense Mapping Agency 
Cameron Station 
Alexandria, VA 22314 
(Stock No. AD-708-701) 



V-ll 



Canada Department of Mines and Technical Surveys 
Surveys and Mapping Branch 
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 

Publication 



Publication Date: 
Location: 



Ice Atlas of Arctic Canada 
Swithinbank, C. 

1960 

324 stations in the Canadian Arctic , 
and the Beaufort Sea 



Greenland, 



Period of Coverage: 



1900-1959 



Contents: This document contains sea ice-frequency-concentration data for the 
years between 1900 and 1959 that were recorded on ship logs and by aerial 
observers. 

Concentration data are given in terms of percent sea surface covered by 
ice. It is broken down into four categories: (a) ice traversed without dif- 
ficulty (10- to 50-percent concentration); (b) ice traversed with difficulty 
(51- to 80-percent concentration); (c) all but icebreakers brought to stand- 
still (81- to 99-percent concentration); and (d) unnavigable (100-percent 
concentration) . 

Data are given between 1 March and 30 November (it is assumed frozen 
solid between December and February) . Fast ice data are given for each month 
for April to August. Ice summaries are also given for the period between 
1 March and 30 November. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



Queen's Printer, Canada 
Vanguard Building 
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 
(Catalog No. DR3-1000) 

This document was prepared for the Canada 
Defense Research Board. 



V-12 



PART VI: BEACH EROSION AND LITTORAL TRANSPORT 

Page 



Coastal Engineering Research Center VI-2 

Catalog of Tidal Inlet Aerial Photography VI-2 

Analysis of Coastal Sediment Transport Processes from Wrights- 

ville Beach to Fort Fisher, North Carolina VI-3 

Beach Changes at Misquamicut Beach, Rhode Island, 1962-1973. . . VI-4 
Shoreline Movements, Cape Henry, Virginia, to Cape Hatteras, 

North Carolina, 1849-1980 .' VI-5 

Beach Changes at Milford and Fairfield Beaches, Connecticut, 

1962-1971 VI-6 

Beach Changes at Long Beach Island, New Jersey, 1962-1973 . . . VI-7 

Beach and Inlet Changes at Ludlam Beach, New Jersey VI-8 

Beach Changes at Westhampton Beach, New York, 1962-1973 .... VI-9 
Beach Erosion and Accretion at Virginia Beach, Virginia, and 

Vicinity VI-10 

Size Analysis of Sand Samples from Southern New Jersey 

Beaches VI- 11 

Beach Changes at Holden Beach, North Carolina, 1970-1974 .... VI-12 

Beach Changes at Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1962-1973 VI-13 

Littoral Environment Observations and Beach Changes Along the 

Southeast Florida Coast VI-14 

Coastal Changes, Eastern Lake Michigan, 1970-1974 VI-15 

Prediction of Shore Retreat and Nearshore Profile Adjustments 

to Rising Water Levels on the Great Lakes VI- 16 

Texas A&M University VI-17 

Investigation of Shoreline Changes at Sargent Beach, Texas . . . VI-17 

Historical Shoreline Changes in Texas VI-18 

US Geological Survey VI-19 

Water Resources Data VI-19 

Hawaii Institute of Geophysics VI-21 

Erosion and Accretion of Selected Hawaii Beaches, 1962-1972. . . VI-21 

Bayfield Laboratory for Marine Science and Surveys VI-22 

Great Lake Erosion Monitoring Programme VI-22 

US Army Corps of Engineers VI-24 

Reports on the National Shoreline Study VI-24 

Shore Protection Guidelines VI-24 

Shore Management Guidelines VI-24 

Regional Inventory Reports VI-24 



VI-1 



Coastal Engineering Research Center 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

(601) 634-2012, FTS 542-2012 

Publications 

Catalog of Tidal Inlet Aerial Photography 
Brawis, J. H., GITI2 

Publication Date: June 1975 

Location: Tidal inlets along the Atlantic, gulf, and 

Pacific coasts of the United States 

Period of Coverage: 1938-1974 

Contents: Data on approximately 6,000 aerial photographic coverages of tidal 
inlets are presented in tabular form, along with information on how any photo- 
graph may be obtained. Information is also given on sources of additional 
photography, and on obtaining photography of beach areas between any two in- 
lets. Data include inlet names; geographic coordinates; navigational chart 
numbers covering the inlets; month and year of the photography; Federal, 
state, or commercial agencies holding the films; and pertinent exposure 
numbers and scales. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A012 789) 



VI -2 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Analysis of Coastal Sediment Transport Processes from 

Wrightsville Beach to Fort Fisher, North Carolina 

Winton, T. C, et al. , Misc. Rept. No. 81-6 

Publication Date: June 1981 

Location: North Carolina shoreline from Wrightsville to 

Fort Fisher 

Period of Coverage: 1964-1975 

Contents: This report describes a comprehensive engineering analysis of the 
coastal sediment transport processes along a 42-km segment of the North Caro- 
lina beach. Included in the analysis is an interpretation of the littoral 
processes, longshore transport, and behavior and success of beach nourishment 
projects at Wrightsville Beach and Carolina Beach. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A103 168) 



VI-3 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Beach Changes at Misquamicut Beach, Rhode Island, 1962-1973 
Morton, R. W. , et al. , MP CERC-84-17 

Publication Date: November 1984 

Location: Misquamicut Beach, R. I. 

Period of Coverage: 1962-1973 

Contents: Beach profile data were collected at profile lines on Misquamicut 
Beach, 8.5 km from Watch Hill Point to Weekapaug Point, between November 1962 
and June 1973. The data were examined for temporal and spatial patterns and 
variability along the beach face, as well as to identify and assess the forces 
which influence beach behavior. Appendices B-G are on file at CERC and 
available for loan. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

ATTN: WESTP-R 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

(601) 634-2571, FTS 542-2571 



VI-4 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Shoreline Movements, Report 1, Cape Henry, Virginia, to Cape 
Hatteras, North Carolina, 1849-1980 
Everts, C. H. , Battley, J. P., Jr., and Gibson, P. N. 
Technical Report CERC-83-1 

Publication Date: July 1983 

Location: US Atlantic coast from Cape Henry, Va. , to 

Cape Hatteras, N. C. 

Period of Coverage: 1849-1980 

Contents: This report is one of a series of publications which documents the 
historical shoreline position of the US coast. Report 1 deals with position 
changes between about 1850 and 1980 along the ocean coastal reach from 12 km 
west of Cape Henry, Va., to 8 km west of Cape Hatteras, N. C. In places where 
the ocean shoreline is on an island or spit, shoreline changes in the sound or 
bay are also given. Shoreline movement maps at a scale of 1:24,000 constitute 
the basin data set. Composite reproductions of these maps are shrink-wrapped 
separately. In addition, ocean and sound shoreline changes coveraged for 
1-min-latitude- (or longitude-) distance increments are provided. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

ATTN: WESTP-R 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

(601) 634-2571, FTS 542-2571 



VI-5 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Beach Changes at Milford and Fairfield Beaches, Connecticut, 1962-1971 
Morton, R. W. , et al., MP CF.RC-83-5 

Puhlicatlon Date: Decemher 1983 

Location: Milford and Fairfield Beaches, Conn. 

Period of Coverage: 1962-1971 

Contents: Beach profile line data collected as part of the Beach Evaluation 
Program were examined for sites located at Milford and Fairfield, Conn. A 
total of seven profile lines were examined using standard measurements such as 
mean sea level intercept, above mean sea level volume, and linear wave refrac- 
tion plots, as well as empirical eigenfunction analyses. All these methods 
showed erosion at all the lines at Milford, while Fairfield showed accretion 
at two out of the three lines. Profile data are included in appendices. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

ATTN: WESTP-R 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

(601) 634-2571, FTS 542-2571 



VI-6 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Beach Changes at Long Beach Island, New Jersey, 1962-1973 
Miller, M. C, et al. , Misc. Report 80-9 

Publication Date: October 1980 

Location: Long Beach Island, N. J. 

Period of Coverage: 1962-1973 

Contents: Beach profile line data from 32 profile sites along Long Beach, 
N. J., were collected and presented in this report as part of the Beach 
Evaluation Program. The island has an east-southeast exposure of 32 km of 
sandy beach from Beach Haven Inlet to Barnegat Inlet. A total of 2,158 pro- 
file line surveys were examined, using empirical eigenf unction analysis and 
other measures of beach variability. Profile data can be useful in future 
evaluation on the littoral transport of the nearshore region. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A101 844) 



VI-7 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Beach and Inlet Changes at Ludlam Beach, New Jersey 
Everts, C. H., et al. , MR 80-3 

Publication Date: May 1980 

Location: Ludlam Beach (7.5 miles long), N. J. 

Period of Coverage: 1962-1972 

Contents: Repetitive surveys of the above mean sea level beach were made 
along 20 profile locations on Ludlam Beach, N. J. The surveys provided data 
on temporal and spatial beach volume changes and shoreline position. 
Appendix B presents the profile line locations; Appendix C graphically ex- 
hibits the changes in the position of the shoreline at mean sea level eleva- 
tions. Sand volume changes are presented in Appendix C. Volume changes are 
referenced to the mean volume above mean sea level on each profile. Data are 
analyzed and discussed in terms of coastal processes and coastal engineering, 
i.e., littoral transports, beach fill, inlet behavior, etc. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A087 796) 



VI-8 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Beach Changes At Westhampton Beach, New York, 1962-1973 
DeWall, A. E. , MR 79-5 

Publication Date: August 1979 

Location: Westhampton Beach, N. Y. 

Period of Coverage: 1962-1973 

Contents: This report presents an analysis of beach profile changes at 
Westhampton Beach, documents the precise location of the surveyed profile 
lines, and describes the survey procedures used and accuracy obtained in 
repetitive surveys to wading depth. Profile changes are analyzed in 
three parts: (a) short-term changes, including storm-induced changes and 
other changes between surveys; (b) long-term changes, including seasonal and 
yearly changes; and (c) some effects of a groin field and beach fill con- 
structed during the study period. The variables analyzed include the mean sea 
level shoreline position and the volume of sand stored on the beach above the 
mean sea level datum. Apparent trends in beach changes are correlated with 
observed wave conditions. 

Volumetric change data to -6 m mean sea level obtained before, during, 
and after groin construction are also presented. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A073 605) 



VI-9 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Beach Erosion and Accretion at Virginia Beach, Virginia, and Vicinity 
Coldsmith, V., et al. , MR 77-12 



Publication Date; 



December 1977 



Location : 

Period of Coverage: 



Virginia Beach, Va. 

September 1974 - December 1976 



Contents: Eighteen profile lines from Fort Story south to the Virginia-North 
Carolina state line were surveyed monthly for 27 months. This publication 
presents the survey data along with analyzed results and discussions. It 
contains 9 appendices, 12 tables, and 23 figures. References for earlier data 
for the study area are also documented. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. A049 563) 

Additional data on beach changes may be obtained 
from "Beach Changes at Virginia Beach, 
Virginia," by Harrison and Wagner, MP 6-64, 
published by CERC, Nov 1974. 



VT-10 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Size Analysis of Sand Samples from Southern New Jersey Beaches 
Ramsey M. D., and Galvin, C. J., Jr., MR 77-3 

Publication Date: March 1977 

Location: Southern New Jersey beaches: Island Beach, Long 

Beach Island, Brigantie, Atlantic City, and 
Ludlam Island 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: This publication presents beach sand data (788 sand samples) and 
results of analysis for the Atlantic coast of southern New Jersey. It pro- 
vides site-specific engineering data for New Jersey beaches and suggestions to 
improve beach fills at these study areas. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A040 082) 



VI-11 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Beach Changes at Holden Beach, North Carolina, 1970-1974 
Miller, M. C. , MR 83-5 

Publication Date: March 1983 

Location: Holden Beach, N. C. 

Period of Coverage: November 1970 - December 1974 

Contents: Beach profile lines at 21 near-evenly spaced intervals along 
7-mile-long Holden Beach, N. C, between Lockwoods Folly and Shallotte Inlets 
were measured. These have been analyzed to determine the spatial and temporal 
variabilities on long-term, seasonal, and short-term scales. Cited references 
contain additional sources of information for the study area. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A127 986) 



Vl-12 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Beach Changes at Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1962-1973 
McCann, D. P. , MR 81-3 

Publication Date: March 1981 

Location: Atlantic City, N. J. 

Period of Coverage: 1962-1973 

Contents: Repetitive surveys of the above mean sea level beach were made 
along seven profile lines at Atlantic City, on the northeast end of Absecon 
Island, New Jersey. Major beach-fill projects were accomplished in 1963 and 
1970 which introduced approximately 428,000 and 635,000 cu m of fill material: 
respectively, to the northernmost half of the study area; movements of this 
material are discussed. Seventeen storms were reasonably well documented 
during the study, and their effects are reported. This publication contains 
6 appendices (including survey data), 5 tables, and 50 figures. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A101 902) 



VI-13 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Littoral Environment Observations and Beach Changes Along the 
Southeast Florida Coast 

DeWall, A.E., TP 77-10 

Publication Date: October 1977 

Location: Southeastern coast of Florida 

Period of Coverage: January 1969 - June 1973 

Contents: This report presents an analysis along with data on beach changes 
at three beaches: Jupiter, Boca Raton, and Hollywood of the southeastern 
Florida coast. A total of 1,560 littoral environment observations (LEO) 
regarding winds, waves, and currents in the nearshore environment were 
collected for the period from January 1969 to June 1973. Annual summaries of 
the monthly averages of breaker height, period, and type; net and gross long- 
shore current velocities; foreshore slope; and percent of occurrence and 
spacing of rips and cusps are presented in Appendix C. Other data included 
are Boca Raton's monthly wind roses and monthly breaker height roses, and 
changes in mean sea level position and sand volumes along profile lines at all 
three beach locations. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 
(NTIS Accession No. A047 608) 



VI- 14 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Coastal Changes, Eastern Lake Michigan, 1970-1974 
Birkemeir, W. A., MR 81-2 



Publication Date: 
Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



January 1981 

Eastern Lake Michigan, from Lakeside to 
Frankfort, Mich. 

August 1970 - December 1974 



Contents: Bluff recession and volumetric losses at 17 profile lines along the 
eastern shore of Lake Michigan were measured monthly from August 1970 to 
December 1974. This report discusses both the final period of study (October 
1973 to December 1974) and the combined data collected during the entire 
study, with primary emphasis on measurements of bluff recession. Section III 
discusses the study area and the primary processes which affect beach changes; 
Section IV discusses previous research; Sections V and VI present an analysis 
of the beach profile and sediment data; and Section VII summarizes the results 
and presents recommendations for future research. Beach and bluff changes, 
which were computed for the final period of study only, are discussed in 
Appendix A. Representative ground photos plus documentation of each bench- 
mark location and a short discussion of each profile line are given in 
Appendix B. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. A097 985) 

Two previous CERC reports: TP 76-16 by R. A. 
Davis, Jr. (NTIS Accession No. A033 297), and 
MP-75 by R. A. Davis, Jr., et al. (NTIS Acces- 
sion No. A018 891), discuss the results of the 
study program up to July 1973. 



VI-15 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Prediction of Shore Retreat and Nearshore Profile Adjustments to 

Rising Water Levels on the Great Lakes 

Hands, E. B. , TP 80-7 



Publication Date: 

Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



October 1980 

Little Sable Point, Mich, 

1967-1976 



Contents: Although the main themes of this report are to demonstrate the 
increased shore retreat as the visible expression of massive adjustments of 
the nearshore area and to provide a rational approach for estimating the 
response of sandy shore areas of the Great Lakes to the water level changes, 
the data monitored between 1967 and 1976 along a 50-km stretch of shore 
centered on Little Sable Point, Mich., may be valuable to future engineering 
applications. Data presented in the appendices include shore and nearshore 
profiles of the study area and volumes of the profile changes along with 
narrative discussion of the study results in the main text. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. A098 531) 

Additional reports by the same author on Lake 
Michigan shoreline published by Coastal 
Engineering Research Center are: 

"Observation of Barred Coastal Profiles Under 
the Influence of Rising Water Levels, Eastern 
Lake Michigan, 1967-1971," TR 76-1, Jan 1976 
(NTIS Accession No. A023 191). 

"Changes in Rates of Shore Retreat, Lake 
Michigan, 1967-1976," TP 79-4, Dec 1979 (NTIS 
Accession No. A081 863). 



VI-16 



Texas A&M University 

Coastal and Ocean Engineering Division 

Civil Engineering Department 

College Station, TX 77843 

Publications 

Investigation of Shoreline Changes at Sargent Beach, Texas 
Seelig, W. N., and Sorenson, R. M. 

Publication Date: September 1973 

Location: 47 miles of coast between San Luis Pass and 

Brown Cedar Cut of Texas 

Period of Coverage: Historical topographic maps - 1850 to 1966 

Other data set - 1930 to 1973 

Contents: This report outlines and documents historical coastal changes which 
have occurred at Sargent Beach from 1850 to 1973. Appendices include computed 
rates of erosion changes in mean sea level intercept positive; changes in 
beach volumes and littoral transport rates; sources of shoreline information, 
wave information, and predicted sediment load of the Brazos River. 

Available From: Texas A&M University 

Department of Marine Resources Information 
Center for Marine Resources 
College Station, TX 77843 



VI-17 



Texas A&M University (Continued) 

Historical Shoreline Changes in Texas 
Seelig, W. N., and Sorensen, R. M. , TAMU-59-73-206 

Publication Date: April 1973 

Location: Texas coastline 

Period of Coverage: 1850-1972, varies from location to location 

Contents: This report documents the net changes in mean low water position at 
226 points on the Texas coast using both historical and recent topographic 
data. 

Available From: Texas A&M University 

Department of Marine Resources Information 
Center for Marine Resources 
College Station, TX 77843 



VI- 18 



US Geological Survey 

US Department of the Interior 

507 National Center 

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive 

Reston, VA 22092 

Publication 

Water Resources Data 

Publication Interval: Yearly 

Location: The 50 states 

Period of Coverage: Varies 

Contents: For the water year and state or states of interest, this publica- 
tion consists of records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; 
stage, contents, and water quality of lakes and reservoirs; and water levels 
in wells. 

The stream discharge data include location of the measuring site, the 
drainage area in square miles, the period of record, information on the mea- 
suring gages, the discharge in cubic feet for each day of the year, and some 
mean and extreme discharge data. 

The lake level data include location, drainage area, period of record, 
gage information, mean and extreme data, and the lake level contents and 
change in contents for each month. 

The water quality stations report stream flow, weather conditions, con- 
ductance, pH, water temperature, turbidity, and dissolved mineral contents. 
The date and time of observations are included with the data. 

Sediment data include concentration of particles, load carried in tons 
per day, water temperature, and information on the size of the particles 
(percent finer than a given sieve size) . These data can be useful to sediment 
budget analysis for littoral transport study. That is why reports are grouped 
in this part, "Beach Erosion and Littoral Transport." 

Available From: These reports carry an identification number 

consisting of the two-letter state abbreviation, 
the last two digits of the water year, and the 
volume number. For example, MT-78-1 is the 
first volume of the 1978 Montana Water Resources 
Data publication. 

These reports are not in the same format as 
later reports but consist of the same general 
contents. All of these water data reports can 
be purchased from: 



VI- 19 



US Geological Survey (Continued) 

National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

Additional Information: Records of discharge or stage of streams, and 

contents or stage of lakes and reservoirs were 
first published in a series of US Geological 
Survey water-supply papers entitled "Surface 
Water Supply of the United States." Through 
30 September 1960, these water-supply papers 
were in an annual series and then in a 5-year 
series for 1961-65 and 1966-70. Records of 
chemical quality, water temperatures, and sus- 
pended sediments were published from 1941 to 
1970 in an annual series of water-supply papers 
entitled "Quality of Surface Waters of the 
United States." Records of ground-water levels 
were published from 1935 to 1974 in a series of 
water-supply papers entitled "Ground-Water 
Levels in the United States." Water-supply 
papers may be consulted in the libraries of the 
principal cities of the United States or may be 
purchased from the Branch of Distribution, US 
Geological Survey, 1200 South Eads St., 
Arlington, VA 22202. 

For information on the water program in 
each individual state, write to: 

District Chief, Water Resources Division 

US Geological Survey 
(District addresses are given in Appendix C) 



VI-20 



Hawaii Institute of Geophysics 
University of Hawaii 
2525 Correa Road 
Honolulu, HA 96822 



Publication 



Erosion and Accretion of Selected Hawaii Beaches, 1962-1972 
Campbell, J. H. , HIG-72-02 



Publication Date: 



November 1972 



Location: 



60 beaches from Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, and 
Hawaiian Islands 



Period of Coverage: 



1962-1972 



Contents: Sixty Hawaii beaches were surveyed in 1972 as part of the Uni- 
versity of Hawaii Sea Grant Program. The measured volumes and beach width are 
presented in tables. Surveillance on Kauai, Molokai, and Maui was conducted 
in winter and in summer; on some Oahu beaches it was monthly, and on others 
quarterly. This report summarizes the 1972 work and compares it directly with 
the earlier measurements. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

Data such as locations of cemented metal range- 
markers, sand samples, fathometer profiles, and 
surveying data are stored at Hawaii Institute of 
Geophysics and are available upon request. 
Additional sources of information on Hawaii 
beaches are provided as cited references of this 
report. 



VI-21 



Bayfield Laboratory for Marine Science 

and Surveys 
Ocean Science and Surveys 
Department of Fisheries and Oceans 
PO Box 5050 
Burlington, Ontario L7R 4A6 Canada 



Publication 



Great Lake Erosion Monitoring Programme 
Boyd, G. L., Final Report 

Publication Date: December 1981 

Location: 162 sites on the Canadian shoreline of the Great 

Lakes ranging from the Georgian Bay to Lake 
Ontario 

Period of Coverage: 1973-1980 

Contents: This report documents the results of a joint study conducted by the 
Government of Canada and the Province of Ontario to monitor and assess erosion 
on the Great Lakes shoreline. Data for each lake region include a location 
map of water level gages, erosion stations and reaches, a map illustrating the 
available littoral drift from bluff erosion, monthly mean water levels, top of 
bluff recession rates, bluff volumetric erosion rates, representative erosion 
rates (site, base period, annual recession, annual volume loss, bluff height, 
volume height) , a breakdown of type and location of shore protection struc- 
tures presented, and photos and profiles of representative bluff types. 

Data for each of the 162 erosion stations include station identification 
code numbers, geographic coordinates, profile line orientation, net water's 
edge charge (meters per year) , net volume change (cubic meters per year) , and 
net zone intercept change. Each station represents a profile line surveyed on 
an annual basis. Data for bluff reaches and for vegetation inventory are also 
included in the report. 

Available From: Bayfield Laboratory for Marine Science 

and Surveys 
Ocean Science and Surveys 
Department of Fisheries and Oceans 
PO Box 5050 
Burlington, Ontario L7R 4A6 Canada 

or on loan from 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

Technical Information Center - Library Branch 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

(601) 634-2542, FTS 542-2542 



VI-22 



Bayfield Laboratory for Marine Science 
and Surveys (Continued) 

Additional Information: Bound separately are three appendices containing 

a master plan, log data sheet, and profile plots 
for all measurement stations for Lakes Huron, 
Erie, and Ontario. 



VI-23 



US Army Corps of Engineers 
Washington, DC 20314 



Publications 



Report on the National Shoreline Study 



Shore 


Protection 


Guidelines 


Shore 


Management 


Guidelines 


Regional Inventory 


Reports 



Publication Date: August 1971 

Location: US coastline including Puerto Rico and Virgin 

Islands 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: In 1968, the 90th Congress authorized a national appraisal of shore 
erosion and shore protection needs. This National Shoreline Study and the 
existing Federal shore protection programs recognize beach and shore erosion 
as problems for all levels of government and all citizens. To satisfy the 
purposes of the authorizing legislation, 12 related reports have been 
published. 

Regional Inventory Reports (one for each of the nine major drainage 
areas) assess the nature and extent of erosion; develop conceptual plans for 
needed shore protection; develop general order-of-magnitude estimates of cost 
for the selected shore protection; and identify shore owners. 

Shore Protection Guidelines describe typical erosion control measures and 
present examples of shore protection facilities, and present criteria for 
planning shore protection programs. 

Shore Management Guidelines provide information to assist decision-makers 
to develop and implement shore management programs. 

Report on the National Shoreline Study, addressed to the Congress, 
summarizes the findings of the study and recommends priorities among serious 
problem areas for action to stop erosion. 

These reports can be useful in the planning and design of coastal 
protection structures. 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



VI-24 



PART VII: TOPOGRAPHY, HYDROGRAPHY, AND BATHYMETRY 

Page 



National Geophysical Data Center VII-2 

Summary of Digital Marine Geophysical Data Holdings VII-2 

Gridded Bathymetric Data Base for the Coastal United States . . . VII-3 

Gridded Depths for the North Pacific VII-4 

Global Gridded Bathymetric Data, Synthetic Bathymetric 

Profiling System VII-5 

National Ocean Service VII-6 

Nautical Charts, Bathymetric Maps, and Special Purpose Charts . . VII-6 

Nautical Chart Catalogs VII-8 

Dates of Latest Editions, Nautical Charts, and Miscellaneous 

Maps VII-9 

United States Coast Pilots VII-10 

Tidal Bench Marks VII-11 

National Cartographic Information Center VII-12 

Map Data Catalog, National Mapping Program VII-12 

Maps for America VII-14 

Topographic and Other Maps VII-15 

Defense Mapping Agency VII-19 

Defense Mapping Agency Catalog of Maps, Charts, and Related 

Products VII-19 

Special Libraries Association VII-21 

Map Collections in the United States and Canada VII-21 



VII-1 



National Geophysical Data Center 
Environmental Satellite, Data, and 

Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6215, FTS 320-6215 

Publication 



Summary of Digital Marine Geophysical Data Holdings (Bathymetric, 

Magnetic, and Gravimetric Data) 

Hittelman, A. M. , et al., KGRD No. 11 



Publication Date: 
Location: 



September 197* 
Worldwide 



Period of Coverage: 



1953-1976 



Contents: This publication contains a summary of information on the digital 
marine geophysical data holdings of the National Geophysical Data Center (the 
file contains over 3.5 million bathymetric observations, 2.7 million magnetic 
observations, and 1.3 million gravimetric observations). The general 
description of the bathymetric, magnetic, and gravimetric data includes 
discussions on exchange formats, data sources, assimilation procedures, and 
geographic distribution. Data summaries are presented as trackline plots, a 
geographical listing (by 10-deg squares), and by institutional listing. 
Complementary data files, such as US coastal bathymetry, analog marine 
geophysical data (i.e., seismics) , site survey data of the Outer Continental 
Shelf, and marine geological data, are reviewed briefly. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



National Geophysical Data Center 
Environmental Satellite, Data, and 

Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6215, FTS 320-6215 

This catalog supersedes KGRD (Key to Geophysical 
Records Documentation) No. 4, Marine Geophysical 
Data Catalog - 1975. 



VII-2 



National Geophysical Data Center (Continued) 
Kinds of Data 



Location: 



Gridded Bathymetric Data Base for the Coastal United States 

Atlantic coast, gulf coast, Pacific coast, Great 
Lakes, Alaska, and Hawaii 



Description of Data: The National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) , in coopera- 
tion with the US Geological Survey, has compiled this gridded bathymetric data 
base for the coastal United States. The entire data were obtained by the 
National Ocean Survey as part of the program to automate nautical charts. 

This data base comprised 3.4 million records. The grid is based on a 
latitude and longitude mesh which defines a 15-sec grid cell. Each file 
contains one square degree of area, and each data record contains north 
latitude, west longitude, average depth, maximum depth, minimum depth, 
standard deviations, and number of observations. 



Response Format: 



Qualified Users: 
Point of Contact: 



The data are available on magnetic tapes. The 
user specifies the latitude and longitude limits 
of the desired data area and the required tape 
characteristics. The usual tape characteristics 
are 9-track ASCII coding 1600-BPI and blocked at 
7,680 characters per block. 

No limitations 

National Geophysical Data Center, Code 64 

325 Broadway 

Boulder, CO 80303 

(303) 497-6338, FTS 320-6338 



VII-3 



National Geophysical Data Center (Continued) 

Gridded Depths for the North Pacific 

Location: Northern Pacific Ocean 

Description of Data: This is a digital bathymetric data base for the north 
Pacific Ocean compiled by the US Naval Ocean Research and Development 
Activities. The data consist of minimum, maximum, and average depths for 
30- by 30-nautical-mile-square areas. The file comprises 29,250 records. 
The coordinates of position are keyed to the southwest corner of the 
30-nautical-mile-square grid in which the data are located. "The Bathymetric 
Atlas of the North Pacific," Naval Oceanographic Office Publication 1301-2-3 
(1971) constitutes the data base from which the gridded file was derived. 
Survey control, which is highly variable, may be determined by reference to 
the atlas. 



Response Format: 
Qualified Users: 
Point of Contact: 



Available on magnetic tape 

No limitations 

National Geophysical Data Center 
Environmental Satellite, Data, and 

Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6215, FTS 320-6215 



VII-4 



National Geophysical Data Center (Continued) 

Global Gridded Bathymetric Data; Synthetic Bathymetric 
Profiling System (SYNBAPS-II) 



Location: 



All ocean areas except the Artie Ocean 



Description of Data: The gridded data base was compiled by the Naval Ocean 
Research and Development Activity (NORDA) and the Naval Oceanographic Office, 
It was interpolated with digitization of bathymetric maps available up to 
1981. This enlarged global data base is called SYNBAPS-II and contains some 
7.8 million depth values on 5-min by 5-min latitude/longitude grids. 



Response Format 



Qualified Users: 



(a) Documentation: two manuals on microfiche 
or paper copy. 

(b) SYNBAPS 5-min by 5-min gridded depth data 
on 9-track magnetic tape. 

(c) Synthetic Bathymetric Profile System, 
software (CDC FORTRAN) and user's manual on 
9-track ASCII magnetic tape. 

No limitations 



Point of Contact: 



Additional Information: 



National Geophysical Data Center 
Environmental Satellite, Data, and 

Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6215, FTS 320-6215 

Technical inquiry should be directed to: 

Dr. Peter W. Sloss 

NOAA/NGDC Code E/GC 3 

325 Broadway 

Boulder, CO 80303 

(303) 497-6119, FTS 320-6119 

NGDC has topographic data files for 1-deg 
size area; S10 global topography, R and/SlO 
global topography, DMA 1-deg topography, and DMA 
1-deg geoidal heights. Contact NGDC for more 
information about these files. 



VII-5 



National Ocean Service 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
US Department of Commerce 
6001 Executive Blvd. 
Rockville, MD 20852 
(202) 426-9076, FTS 443-8060 



Kind of Data 



Nautical Charts, Bathymetric Maps, and Special Purpose Charts 

Location: Atlantic and gulf coasts including Puerto Rico 

and Virgin Islands; Pacific coast including 
Hawaii, Guam, and Samoa Islands; Alaska 
including Aleutian Islands; and Great Lakes and 
adjacent waterways 

Description of Data: National Ocean Service (NOS) nautical charts are very 
useful in the planning, design, and analysis of coastal engineering projects. 
All charts contain bathymetric data, tidal and/or water level information, and 
information important to navigation such as submarine cables and pipelines, 
dredging disposal areas, and dump sites. NOS periodically revises and updates 
the charts. 

The scale of the charts ranges from 1:2,500 to about 1:5,000,000, 
depending on the type. Harbor charts usually have scales larger than 
1:50,000. Coast charts have scales from 1:50,000 to 1:150,000, general charts 
from 1:150,000 to 1:600,000, and sailing charts have scales smaller than 
1:600,000. 

Bathymetric maps which present the detailed depth contours are prepared 
by NOS specifically for scientific, engineering, marine geophysical, and 
marine environmental studies. The scales of bathymetric maps range from 
1:50,000 to 1:1,000,000. 

Topographic/bathymetric maps show both the NOS bathymetry and the US 
Geological Survey (USGS) land topographic information. These maps are 
cooperatively produced by NOS and USGS to support the Coastal Zone Management 
and Energy Impact Program and the offshore oil and gas program. 

Shoreline movement maps, which show the historical shoreline positions, 
include Part 1, Cape Henry, Va., to Cape Hatteras, N. C; Part 2, Cape 
Henopen, Del., to Cape Charles, Va.; and Part 3, Imperial Beach-San Pedro, 
Calif. All maps have a scale of 1:24,000. 

Other special maps include Florida coastal zone maps, geophysical maps, 
marine boundary charts, storm evacuation maps, etc. Free catalogs are 
provided by NOS for additional information. 



VII-6 






National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Point of Contact: Distribution Division, 0A/C44 

National Ocean Service 
Riverdale, MD 20737 
(301) 436-6990, FTS 436-6990 

or additional NOS offices at: 

Atlantic Marine Center 
439 West York Street 
Norfolk, VA 23510 
(804) 441-6616 

Pacific Marine Center 
1801 Fairview Avenue East 
Seattle, WA 98102 
(206) 442-7657 

Chart Sales & Geodetic Control 
Federal Building & US Coast House 
701 C St., Box 38 
Anchorage, AK 99513 
(907) 271-5040 



VII-7 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 
Publications 

Nautical Chart Catalog 1, Atlantic and Gulf Coast, Including Puerto Rico 

and the Virgin Islands 
Nautical Chart Catalog 2, Pacific Coast, Including Hawaii, Guam and Samoa 

Islands 
Nautical Chart Catalog 4, Great Lakes and Adjacent Waterways - Great 

Lakes Connecting Channels, Minnesota - Ontario Border Lakes, Lake 

Winnebago, Inland Route - Michigan, New York Canals, Lake Champlain 
Map and Chart Catalog 5, United States, Bathymetric Maps and Special 

Purpose Charts 

Publication Dates: NOS updates the catalogs periodically 

Location: See information under Publications 

Contents: Each catalog contains location maps, chart number, title, and scale 
for each chart; and general information about the nautical charts; a related 
publication list; NOS authorized sales agents (except catalogs); and name, 
address and phone number of other agencies issuing maps and charts (except 
catalog 5) . 

Available From: (Free upon request) 

Distribution Division, N/CG33 
National Ocean Service 
Riverdale, MD 20737 
(301) 436-6990, FTS 436-6990 

or additional NOS offices at: 

Atlantic Marine Center 
4390 West York Street 
Norfolk, VA 23510 
(804) 441-6616 

Pacific Marine Center 
1801 Fairview Avenue East 
Seattle, WA 98102 
(206) 442-7657 

Chart Sales & Geodetic Control 
Federal Building & US Court House 
701 C St., Box 38 
Anchorage, AK 99513 
(907) 271-5040 



VII-8 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Dates of Latest Editions, Nautical Charts, and Miscellaneous Maps 

Publication Interval: Issued quarterly 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: For nautical charts, this publication lists chart number, scale, 
price, edition number, edition date, and latest revised date. For other NOS 
publications, maps, charts, and tables, this publication lists price and date, 

Available From: (Free upon request) 

Distribution Division, N/CG33 
National Ocean Service 
Riverdale, MD 20737 
(301) 436-6990, FTS 436-6990 

or additional NOS offices at: 

Atlantic Marine Center 
439 West York Street 
Norfolk, VA 23510 
(804) 441-6616 

Pacific Marine Center 
1801 Fairview Avenue East 
Seattle, WA 98102 
(206) 442-7657 

Chart Sales & Geodetic Control 
Federal Building & US Court House 
701 C St., Box 38 
Anchorage, AK 99513 
(907) 271-5040 



VII-9 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

United States Coast Pilots 



Publication Interval: 



Location: 



Period of Coverage: 



Annual 

US coastal and intracoastal waters and waters 
of the Great Lakes 



N/A 



Contents: The NOS Coast Pilots are a series of nine nautical books that cover 
a wide variety of important information to navigators. They provide narrative 



descriptions as supplements to the usage of the standard nautical charts 
published by the NOS. The books contain local marine navigational and 
regulation data such as buoy positions, water depths, current variations, 
sandbar or rocky reef locations. The nine-volume set is broken up 
geographically as follows: 



and 



Volume One - Eastport, Maine, 
Volume Two - Cape Cod, Mass., 
Volume Three - Sandy Hook, N. J 



to Cape Cod, Mass. 

to Sandy Hook, N. J. 

, to Cape Henry, Va. 
Volume Four - Cape Henry, Va., to Key West, Fla. 

Volume Five - The Gulf of Mexico, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands 
Volume Six - The Great Lakes 
Volume Seven - California, Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, and the Midway 

Islands 
Volume Eight - Dixon Entrance, Ala., to Cape Spencer, Ala. 
Volume Nine - Cape Spencer, Ala., to Beaufort Sea, Ala. 



Available From: 



NOS offices at: 



Atlantic Marine Center 
439 West York Street 
Norfolk, VA 23510 
(804) 441-6616 

Pacific Marine Center 
1801 Fairview Avenue East 
Seattle, WA 98102 
(206) 442-7657 

Chart Sales & Geodetic Control 
Federal Building & US Court House 
701 C St., Box 38 
Anchorage, AK 99513 
(907) 271-5040 

or NOS sales agents. 



VII-10 



National Ocean Service (Continued) 

Publication 

Tidal Bench Marks 

Publication Date: N/A 

Location: At each NOS tide station along the US coast 

Period of Coverage : N/A 

Contents: A system of benchmarkers has been established by NOS at each tide 
station to provide permanent points for the observed height of the tide and 
tidal datum planes determined therefrom. This publication provides descrip- 
tions and elevations of these benchmarks. Request for such benchmark data 
should specify the coastal locality for which the information is desired. 

Available From: Tide Datum Section 

National Ocean Service 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
US Department of Commerce 
6001 Executive Blvd. 
Rockville, MD 20852 
FTS 443-8867 



VII-11 



National Cartographic Information Center 

US Geological Survey 

507 National Center 

Reston, VA 22092 

(703) 860-6045, FTS 928-6045 

Publications 

Map Data Catalog, National Mapping Program 

Publication Date: 1981 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: The catalog tells how to order a wide range of mapping products 
that may answer special engineering needs. The mapping products are cata- 
logued by publication and include advance prints, color separates, feature 
separates, out-of-print maps, maps on microfilms, land-use and land-cover and 
associated maps, slope maps, orthophotoquad digital terrain tapes (map data in 
digital form), aerial and space imagery, and geodetric control data. 

For each product, the catalog describes and illustrates the product 
offered, explains the scope of geographic coverage available, lists typical 
uses of the product, and explains how to order the product. 

Available From: Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 275-2091, FTS 275-2051 

Additional information may be obtained from: 

National Headquarters 

National Cartographic Information Center 

US Geological Survey 

507 National Center 

Reston, VA 22092 

(703) 860-6045, FTS 928-6048 

Western Mapping Center 

National Cartographic Information Center 

US Geological Survey 

345 Middlefield Road 

Menlo Park, CA 94025 

(415) 323-8111, ext. 2427; FTS 267-2427 



VII-12 



National Cartographic Information Center (Continued) 



Rocky Mountain Mapping Center 

National Cartographic Information Center 

US Geological Survey 

Box 25046, Stop 504 - Federal Center 

Denver, CO 80225 

(303) 234-2326, FTS 234-2326 

Mid-Continent Mapping Center 

National Cartographic Information Center 

US Geological Survey 

1400 Independence Road 

Rolla, MO 65401 

(314) 341-0851, FTS 277-0851 

Eastern Mapping Center 

National Cartographic Information Center 

US Geological Survey 

536 National Center 

Reston, VA 22092 

(703) 860-6336, FTS 928-6336 



VII-13 



National Cartographic Information Center (Continued) 

Maps for America 
Thompson, M. M. 

Publication Date: 1979 

Location: The 50 states and selected territories 

Period of Coverage: 1879-1979 

Contents: This 265-page guide is a centennial volume and celebrates 100 years 
of existence of the USGS. 

This single volume contains a complete description of the cartographic 
products of the USGS and other agencies. This book contains many samples of 
the types of products available and also a number of other useful items (such 
as the addresses of all map-producing agencies and a table of map products and 
sources) . It is designed to help the engineer know what type of information 
he is looking for and where he may find the information. 

It is well prepared and a good choice for any engineer's ready-reference 
bookshelf. 

Available From: Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 783-3238 

(GPO Stock No. 024-001-03145-1) 



VII-14 






National Cartographic Information Center (Continued) 

Kind of Data 

Topographic and Other Maps 

Location: The standard topographic map series covers the 

United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American 
Samoa, and the Virgin Islands. Information 
concerning the coverage of special maps can be 
obtained from the National Cartographic Infor- 
mation Center (NCIC) or the index map of each 
individual state published by the USGS. 

Dates: All the maps are periodically revised and/or 

field checked by the USGS. 

Description of Data: Under its National Mapping Program, the USGS has 
produced multipurpose published maps and basic map data for a variety of 
cartographic data needs (see information given under Map Data Catalog, 
National Mapping Program) . The published maps include a series of topographic 
maps, orthophotoquads, orthophotomaps, state maps, county maps, special maps, 
US maps, national park maps, and selected national atlas maps. 

The unit of survey for the standard topographic map is a quadrangle 
bounded by parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude. Quadrangles 
covering 7-1/2 min of latitude and longitude are published at the scale of 
1:24,000 (1 in. = 2,000 ft). Quadrangles covering 15 min of latitude and 
longitude are published at the scale of 1:62,500 (1 in. = approximately 
1 mile) . The maps graphically present the natural and man-made features of 
the land surface, and the shape and elevation of the terrain are portrayed by 
contour lines. 

The standard orthophotoquad consists of an orthophotograph (a nearly 
distortion-free black and white rectified aerial photograph) or mosaic of 
orthophotographs in 7-1/2-min quadrangles. Orthophotoquads are useful as 
up-to-date companions to standard topographic maps or as interim maps for 
areas not previously mapped. Orthophotomaps are full-color versions of the 
topographic maps based on orthographs. 

The standard topographic maps are very useful to engineers. Information 
concerning other published maps can be obtained from the NCIC at the following 
address: 

National Cartographic Information Center 

US Geological Survey 

507 National Center 

Reston, VA 22092 

(703) 860-6045, FTS 928-6045 

Ordering Information: A map should be ordered by name, series, and 

state in which it is located. It is noted that 
each quadrangle is designated by the name of a 
city, town, or prominent natural feature. 



VII-15 



National Cartographic Information Center (Continued) 

Maps of areas east of the Mississippi River, 
including Minnesota, Puerto Rico, the Virgin 
Islands, and Antarctica can be ordered at: 

Eastern Distribution Branch 
US Geological Survey 
1200 South East Street 
Arlington, VA 22202 

Maps of areas west of the Mississippi River 
including Alaska, Hawaii, Louisiana, American 
Samoa, and Guam can be ordered at 

Western Distribution Branch 
US Geological Survey 
Box 25286 Federal Center 
Denver, CO 80225 

Additional Information: An index map of each state or states may be 

obtained free of charge at the above addresses. 

The NCIC, established by the USGS in 1974, 
provides a national information service to make 
cartographic data of the United States more 
easily accessible to the public and to various 
Federal, state, and local agencies. At present, 
more than 30 Federal agencies collect and pre- 
pare cartographic data. These data include more 
than 1.5 million maps and charts, 25 million 
aerial and space photographs, records on 
1.5 million geodetic control points, and a 
growing collection of map data in computer- 
compatible form. 

NCIC uses the latest techniques of micro- 
photography and computer technology to manage 
the vast amount of information and to provide a 
focal point for information on data produced and 
distributed by many Federal sources. NCIC also 
provides information on some Federal plans for 
future data collection. 

NCIC does not obtain the cartographic data 
from present holders; rather it collects and 
organizes descriptive information about the 
data, tells where they are located, ensures 
their availability, and provides ordering assis- 
tance. Government and private data centers con- 
tinue to hold and distribute cartographic data. 
Some of these centers also provide local users 



VII-16 



National Cartographic Information Center (Continued) 



with direct access to NCIC information through 
their public service facilities; thus, many 
government and private organizations are 
cooperating with the USGS in forming a network 
of NCIC facilities. 

The USGS and the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration are the principal 
affiliates in the network. 

NCIC provides different levels of service 
for the various types of cartographic data. For 
general-purpose data-topographic maps and aerial 
photographs, the objective is to provide com- 
plete service, including the identification of 
specific products and assistance in ordering 
these products. On the other hand, only general 
information and referral service are provided 
for special-purpose cartographic data. The 
types of cartographic data for which NCIC offers 
assistance are listed below: 

Multiuse maps and charts including: 

Aeronautical charts Nautical charts 

Bathymetric maps Orthophotomaps and 
City maps orthophotoquads 

Extraterrestrial maps River surveys and 
Floodplain maps damsite maps 

Forest maps Slope maps 

Geologic maps Soil maps 

Highway maps Topographic maps 

Land-use maps US maps 

Map and chart feature World maps 
separates 

Survey data including: 

First- and second-order control from any 

source 
Third-order control from any source that is 

useful 
Selected fourth-order control 
Photogrammetrically derived control 
Selected private control 
Land plats 
Census subdivisions 



VII-17 



National Cartographic Information Center (Continued) 



Aerial and space imagery from Federal, state, 
and private sources including: 

Photographs 

Satellite computer-compatible tapes 

Photomosaics 

Other remote-sensor data 

Closely related data such as: 

Cartographic educational materials, atlases, 
gazetteers, and other related literature 

Digital data representing detail on maps and 
charts 

Geographic names 



Point of Contact: NCIC at 



Eastern Distribution Branch 
US Geological Survey 
1200 South East Street 
Arlington, VA 22202 

Western Distribution Branch 
US Geological Survey 
Box 25286 Federal Center 
Denver, CO 80225 



VII-18 



Defense Mapping Agency 

Office of Distribution Service 

Washington, DC 20315 

(202) 227-2495, FTS 227-2495 

Publication 

Defense Mapping Agency Catalog of Maps, Charts, and Related Products 

Publication Date: Varies with individual volume 

Location: Worldwide 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: This catalog provides a comprehensive reference of all Defense 
Mapping Agency (DMA) maps, charts, and related products available to the 
Department of Defense (DOD) users. Most products are available for non-DOD 
users or civil users. The catalog contains four parts. Parts 2 and 3, which 
list hydrographic products and topographic products, respectively, are useful 
for coastal engineering reference. 

There are 12 volumes in Part 2 and 6 volumes in Part 3: 

Part 2 - Hydrographic Products, currently published as: 

Volume I - United States and Canada (REGION 1) 
Volume II - Central and South America and Antarctica (REGION 2) 
Volume III - Western Europe, Iceland, Greenland, and the Arctic 
(REGION 3) 
Volume IV - Scandinavia, Baltic, and USSR (REGION 4) 

Volume V - Western Africa and the Mediterranean (REGION 5) 
Volume VI - Indian Ocean (REGION 6) 
Volume VII - Australia, Indonesia, and New Zealand (REGION 7) 
Volume VIII - Oceania (REGION 8) 
Volume IX - East Asia (REGION 9) 
Volume X - Miscellaneous and Special Purpose Navigational Charts, 
Sheets, and Tables (PUB1NA) 
Volume XI - (SECRET) Catalog of Classified Nautical Charts and 
Publications (PUB1NS) (U) 
Volume XII - Allowance Requirements for Nautical Charts and Publications 
(PUB1NP) (DL) 

Part 3 - Topographic Products, currently published as: 

Volume I - World — Small and Median Scale Maps 
Volume II - Europe, Africa, and Middle East — Large Scale and City Maps 
Volume III - Asia Mainland — Large Scale and City Maps 



VII-19 



Defense Mapping Agency (Continued) 

Volume IV - Australia and Islands of the Pacific — Large Scale and City 
Maps 
Volume V - Western Hemisphere — Large Scale and City Maps 
Volume VI - (SECRET)-Classif ied Topographic Maps and Related Products 
(U)— All Scales 

A complete list of sale agents (both inside and outside the United States) is 
provided in each volume of the catalog. 

Available From: DMA Office of Distribution Services 

ATTN : DOA 
Washington, DC 20315 

or sales agents. 



VII-20 



Special Libraries Association 
235 Park Avenue South 
New York, NY 10003 
(212) 477-9250 

Publication 

Map Collections in the United States and Canada 

Publication Date: 1970, 2nd edition 

Location: The 50 states, Canada, District of Columbia, 

Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, and Virgin 
Islands 

Period of Coverage: Statistics were taken in October-December, 

1968 

Contents: This guide lists 605 different map collections in the United States 
and Canada. The guide is arranged in alphabetical order by states, then by 
town or organization. 

The collecting agency's phone number, map collection size, annual map 
accesion rate, areas of specialization, subject of specialization, 
reproduction facilities, and people that it serves are all included for each 
collection. It also tells if a library loan is available. 

Most organizations are libraries, universities, and geological agencies. 
This guide can be a very useful reference tool. 

Available From: This document may be in your local library's 

reference section. If not, contact: 

Special Libraries Association 
235 Park Avenue South 
New York, NY 10003 
(212) 477-9250 



VII-21 



PART VIII: GEOLOGY AND GEOMORPHOLOGY 

Pa S e 



National Geophysical Data Center VIII-2 

Marine Geology and Geophysical Data Set VIII-2 

Index to Marine Geological Samples VIII-3 

National Cartographic Information Center VIII-4 

Geologic Maps VIII-4 

Coastal Engineering Research Center VIII-9 

Inner Continental Shelf Sediment and Structure Study Reports. . . VIII-9 

US Geological Survey VIII-12 

The National Atlas of the United States of America VIII-12 

A Descriptive Catalog of Selected Aerial Photographs of 

Geologic Features in the United States . VIII-13 

US Soil Conservation Service VIII-14 

Soil Surveys VIII-14 

American Geological Institute . VIII-16 

Maps and Geological Publications of the United States: A 

Layman's Guide VIII-16 

Maritime Sediments and Atlantic Geology VIII-17 

Maritime Sediments and Atlantic Geology VIII-17 

Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratories VIII-18 

The Central North Atlantic Ocean Basin and Continental Margins. . VIII-18 



VIII-1 



National Geophysical Data Center 
National Environmental Satellite, Data, 

and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
Code E/GC3 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6338, FTS 320-6338 

Kinds of Data 



Location: 



Marine Geology and Geophysical Data Set 

Outer Continental Shelf of the United States, 
includes Atlantic coast, Pacific coast, Gulf of 
Mexico, and Alaska 



Description of Data: The Marine Geology and Geophysical Data Set contains 
more than 60 sets of data files provided by the US Geological Survey (USGS) , 
the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) , and other agencies for public dissemina- 
tion. The majority of the collected data can be characterized by two cate- 
gories: seismic reflection data, gathered by the USGS to identify potentially 
hazardous geologic structures or other constraints to offshore oil and gas 
exploration; and well logs and auxiliary information obtained from privately 
drilled test wells. 

The content of each data file varies; however, the geophysical data files 
usually contain subbottom profiles, sparker recordings, sidescan sonar 
records, and supporting technical reports and interpretative maps. Well log 
data contain core analysis reports and information on physical formation. 



Response Format: 



Most of the data are on microfilm (35-mm) , 
while most of the technical reports are on 
microfiche. Maps are available in either sepia 
or blackline forms. The cost of the data varies 
from hundreds of dollars to thousands of 
dollars. Users are urged to send inquiries to 
the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) for 
specific site information and Data Announcements 
associated with the particular data file. 



Point of Contact: 



National Geophysical Data Center 
National Environmental Satellite, Data. 

and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
Code E/GC3 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6338, FTS 320-6338 



VIII-2 



National Geophysical Data Center (Continued) 

Index to Marine Geological Samples or the Core Curators' File 

Location: Worldwide 

Description of Data: This data file is designed to provide an inventory of 
marine geological samples archived by major US oceanographic institutions and 
government agencies. The Core Curators' Data Base contains the information on 
curating facility, ship, cruise sample number, geographic position, water 
depth, type of sample device, sample dimensions, method of storage, basin 
lithology, age, and comments. Each data listing is accompanied by a complete 
list of contacts at various sample repositions (including name, address, and 
phone number) . 

NGDC can supply analytical data of the portion of the samples listed in 
the data file. However, only a few of the analyses for which NGDC archives 
data are grain size, engineering properties, geochemistry, paleontology, and 
detailed sediment description. 



Response Format: 



Cost Information: 



Point of Contact: 



The standard format for data listing or 
inventory information is a computer printout. 
However, listings on magnetic tape or 35-mm 
microfilm are available upon request. 

Searches/data listing from the file cost an 
average of $25. Data are available at cost of 
reproduction. 

National Geophysical Data Center 
National Environmental Satellite, Data, 

and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
Code E/GC3 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6338, FTS 320-6338 



VIII-3 



National Cartographic Information Center 

US Geological Survey 

Department of the Interior 

MS 507, National Center 

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive 

Reston, VA 22092 

(703) 860-6045, FTS 928-6045 

Kind of Data 

Geologic Maps 

Location: The 50 states and selected territories 

Dates: All of the maps are periodically revised and/or 

field checked by the USGS . 

Description of Data: Geologic maps show the distribution of rocks and surfi- 
cial material by age, and their physical and structural relations with one 
another. Inferences can be drawn from these maps about an area's geologic 
history, geologic processes, orientation of rock layers, faults, fractures, 
and shape of rock bodies beneath the surface. 

Geologic maps published by the USGS range in scale from 1:20,000 to 
1:2,500,000 depending on the type of information to be portrayed and the ■ 
purpose of the mapping (see table on next page) . 

Geologic maps at 1:250,000 or larger scales are available for nearly 
50 percent of the United States. Most of the maps are contained in the 
Geologic Quadrangle Maps series. These maps cover an individual 7-1/2- (scale 
1:24,000) or 15- (scale 1:62,500) min quadrangle. Geologic or sections of 
individual quadrangles are published in other series and make up a smaller 
fraction of all geologic maps of the United States. The maps may be supple- 
mented by structure sections, columnar sections, and other graphic means of 
presenting geologic data, plus a brief explanatory text. There are well over 
1,500 geologic quadrangle maps now available in the United States. 

There is also a wide range of special geologic maps for specific pur- 
poses. For example, maps are prepared, generally at a scale of 1:7,500,000, 
that are useful for understanding environmental problems and for making deci- 
sions on land use and mineral and energy resource development on a national 
scale. The following maps of the National Environmental Overview Program have 
been completed in preliminary form: 

(a) Map showing areas of Karst topography and related terrains. 

(b) Map showing areas subject to volcanic hazards. 

(c) Map showing possible areas of landslides. 

(d) Map showing present and proposed nuclear reactor sites. 

(e) Map showing streams with flow rates of 300 ft 3 /sec or more. 

(f) Map showing surficial clay, sand, silt, and gravel deposits. 



VIII-4 



National Cartographic Information Center (Continued) 
Map Scale Type of Information 



1:2,500,000 



1:500,000 



1:250,000 



Very general distribution 
of limited number of very 
large and heterogeneous 
rock units. 



General distribution of a 
larger number of somewhat 
heterogeneous rock units. 
Little information on 
depth. 



Semidetailed distribution 
of large numbers of 
fairly homogeneous rock 
units. Some information 
on depth. Often has 
topographic base. 



Purpose 



General planning and 
resource evaluation 
over very large 
regions (Federal 
regions, very large 
states) . 

General planning and 
resource evaluation 
over large regions 
(large states, 
river basins) . 
Common scale for 
older state maps. 

More detailed plan- 
ning and resource 
evaluation in 
medium-sized areas 
(small states, 
large counties, 
national forests, 
mineralized belts) . 



1:100,000 
1:63,360 

(Alaska) 
1:62,500 



1:24,000 
1:20,000 

(Puerto Rico) 



Detailed distribution of 
large number of homo- 
geneous rock and surfi- 
cial units and consid- 
erable information on 
thickness and depth. 
Generally has topo- 
graphic base. 

Very detailed distribution 
of large number of quite 
homogeneous rock units. 
Surficial deposits may 
be shown on separate map, 
Much information on 
thickness and vertical 
extent of rock units. 
Has topographic base. 



Detailed planning, 
land-management , 
and resource 
studies (mining 
districts, urban 
areas , many 
counties) . 



Detailed planning, 
site selection, 
resource evalua- 
tion, and explora- 
tion (cities and 
towns, subdivi- 
sions, mining 
districts, mine 
sites, large con- 
struction 
projects) . 



VIII-5 



National Cartographic Information Center (Continued) 

Other maps include coal investigation maps, oil and natural gas maps, 
geophysical investigation maps, and maps in the Miscellaneous Geologic Inves- 
tigation Series which include the following types: 



(a 
(b 
(c 
(d 
(e 
(f 
(g 
(h 
(i 
(j 
(k 
rupture 
(1 
(m 
(n 
(o 
(P 
(q 
(r 
(s 
(t 
(u 



Geologic maps, in many cases in preliminary reconnaissance form. 

Geologic maps of the moon, Apollo land sites, etc. 

Glacial features and surficial deposits. 

Bedrock topography and subcrop of selected beds. 

Engineering and surficial geologic maps. 

Photogeologic maps. 

Geologic and biostratigraphic maps. 

Maps of recently active fault breaks. 

Geochemical maps. 

Maps showing relation of land and submarine topography. 

Maps showing locations of fault traces and historic surface 

Earthquake epicenter maps. 

Maps of ocean floors, continental shelves, and slopes. 

Maps of locations of Pleistocene lakes. 

Geologic and crustal cross sections of the United States. 

Gravity maps. 

Magnetic maps. 

Maps showing radiometric ages of rocks. 

Maps of world subsea mineral resources. 

Maps showing distribution of landslides. 

Maps of shoreline features. 



Still more maps exist in the Mineral Investigations Resources series and the 
Special Geological Map series. 



Additional Information: 



The National Cartographic Information Center 
(NCIC), established by the USGS in 1974, pro- 
vides a national information service to make 
cartographic data of the United States more 
easily accessible to the public and to various 
Federal, state, and local agencies. At present, 
more than 30 Federal agencies collect and 
prepare cartographic data. These data include 
more than 1.5 million maps and charts, 25 mil- 
lion aerial and space photographs, records on 
1.5 million geodetic control points, and a 
growing collection of map data in computer- 
compatible form. 



VIII-6 



National Cartographic Information Center (Continued) 



NCIC uses the latest techniques of micro- 
photography and computer technology to manage 
the vast amount of information and to provide a 
focal point for information on data produced and 
distributed by many Federal sources. NCIC also 
provides information on some Federal plans for 
future data collection. 

NCIC does not obtain the cartographic data 
from present holders; rather it collects and 
organizes descriptive information about the 
data, tells where they are located, ensures 
their availability, and provides ordering 
assistance. Government and private data centers 
continue to hold and distribute cartographic 
data. Some of these centers also provide local 
users with direct access to NCIC information 
through their public service facilities; thus 
many government and private organizations are 
cooperating with the USGS in forming a network 
of NCIC facilities. 

The USGS and the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration are the principal 
affiliates in the network. 

NCIC provides different levels of service 
for the various types of cartographic data. For 
general-purpose data-topographic maps and aerial 
photographs, the objective is to provide com- 
plete service, including the identification of 
specific products and assistance in ordering 
these products. On the other hand, only general 
information and a referral service are provided 
for special-purpose cartographic data. The 
types of cartographic data for which NCIC offers 
assistance are listed on the following page. 



VIII-7 



National Cartographic Information Center (Continued) 



Multiuse maps and charts including: 



Aeronautical charts 
Bathymetric maps 
City maps 

Extraterrestrial maps 
Floodplain maps 
Forest maps 
Geologic maps 
Highway maps 
Land-use maps 
Map and chart feature 
separates 



Nautical charts 
Orthophotomaps and 

or tho photo quads 
River surveys and 

damsite maps 
Slope maps 
Soil maps 
Topographic maps 
US maps 
World maps 



Survey data including: 

First- and second-order control from any 

source 
Third-order control from any source that is 

useful 
Selected fourth-order control 
Photogrammetrically derived control 
Selected private control 
Land plats 
Census subdivisions 

Aerial and space imagery from Federal, 
state, and private sources including: 

Photographs 

Satellite computer-compatible tapes 

Photomosaics 

Other remote-sensor data 

Closely related data such as: 

Cartographic educational materials, 

atlases, gazetteers, and other related 
literature 

Digital data representing detail on maps 
and charts 

Geographic names 



Point of Contact: 



National Cartographic Information Center 

US Geological Survey 

Department of the Interior 

MS 507, National Center 

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive 

Reston, VA 22092 

(703) 860-6045, FTS 928-6045 



VIII-* 



Coastal Engineering Research Center 

US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station 

PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 

(601) 634-2012, FTS 542-2012 

Publications 

Carter, C. H., et al. 1982 (Dec). "Regional Geology of the Southern Lake 
Erie (Ohio) Bottom: A Seismic Reflection and Vibracore Study," MR 82-15, NTIS 
Accession No. A126 565. 

Duane, D. B., and Meisburger, E. P. 1969 (Nov). "Geomorphology and Sediments 
of the Nearshore Continental Shelf, Miami to Palm Beach, Florida," TM 29, NTIS 
Accession No. 699 339. 

Field, M. E. 1979 (Jun) . "Sediments, Shallow Subbottom Structure, and Sand 
Resources of Inner Continental Shelf, Central Delmarva Peninsula," TP 79-2, 
NTIS Accession No. A074 022. 

Field, M. E. , and Duane, D. B. 1974 (Mar). "Geomorphology and Sediments of 
the Inner Continental Shelf, Cape Canaveral, Florida," TM 42, NTIS Accession 
No. 779 513. 

Meisburger, E. P. 1972 (Jun). "Geomorphology and Sediments of Chesapeake Bay 
Entrance," TM 38, NTIS Accession No. 749 545. 

Meisburger, E. P. 1976 (Apr). "Geomorphology and Sediments of Western 
Massachusetts Bay," TP 76-3, NTIS Accession No. A025 444. 

Meisburger, E. P. 1979 (Jul). "Sand Resources on the Inner Continental Shelf 
of the Cape Fear Region, North Carolina," MR 77-11, NTIS Accession 
No. A049 132. 

Meisburger, E. P. 1979 (Sep). "Reconnaissance Geology of the Inner Continen- 
tal Shelf, Cape Fear Region, North Carolina," TP 79-3, NTIS Accession 
No. A076 974. 

Meisburger, E. P., and Duane, D. B. 1971 (Feb). "Geomorphology and Sediments 
of the Inner Continental Shelf, Palm Beach to Cape Kennedy, Florida," TM 34, 
NTIS Accession No. 724 135. 

Meisburger, E. P., and Field, M. E. 1975 (Jul). "Geomorphology, Shallow 
Structure, and Sediments of the Florida Continental Shelf, Cape Canaveral to 
Georgia," TM 54, NTIS Accession No. A015 022. 

Meisburger, E. P., and Williams, S. J. 1980 (Jul). "Sand Resources on the 
Inner Continental Shelf of the Cape May Region, New Jersey," MR 80-4, NTIS 
Accession No. A088 636. 

Meisburger, E. P., and Williams, S. J. 1982 (Oct). "Sand Resources on the 
Inner Continental Shelf Off the Central New Jersey Coast," MR 82-10, NTIS 
Accession No. A123 087. 



VIII-9 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Meisburger, E. P., et al. 1979 (Jul). "Sand Resources of Southeastern Lake 
Michigan," MR 79-3, NTIS Accession No. A073 817. 

Williams, S. J. 1976 (Mar). "Geomorphology , Shallow Subbottom Structure, and 
Sediments of the Atlantic Inner Continental Shelf Off Long Island New York," 
TP 76-2, NTIS Accession No. A025 467. 

Williams, S. J. 1981 (May). "Sand Resources and Geological Character of Long 
Island Sound," TP 81-3, NTIS Accession No. A104 082. 

Williams, S. J., and Duane, D. B. 1974 (Jul). "Geomorphology and Sediments 
of the Inner New York Bight Continental Shelf," TM 45, NTIS Accession 
No. 785 577. 

Williams, S. J., and Meisburger, E. P. 1982 (Oct). "Geological Character and 
Mineral Resources of South Central Lake Erie," MR 82-9, NTIS Accession 
No. A123 085. 

Williams, S. J., et al. 1979 (Jul). "Sediment Distribution, Sand Resources, 
and Geologic Character of the Inner Continental Shelf Off Galveston County, 
Texas," MR 79-4, NTIS Accession No. A074 393. 

Williams, S. J., et al. 1980 (Nov). "Sand Resources of Southern Lake Erie, 
Connecticut to Toledo, Ohio - A Seismic Reflection and Vibracore Study," 
MR 80-10, NTIS Accession No. A097 984. 

Publication Date: See above list 

Location: Given in the titles of publications 

Period of Coverage: Data were taken from 1968-1980 and vary from 

location to location 

Contents: The above 19 publications form a series of reports covering the 
results of the Inner Continental Shelf Sediment and Structure (ICONS) study 
program undertaken by the Coastal Engineering Research Center using high- 
resolution continuous seismic reflection profiles and vibracore techniques. 
Most seismographs are microfilmed and stored at the National Geophysical Data 
Center, and the core samples are stored at regional universities or USGS 
Offices as indicated by the individual report. Each report presents the 
regional geological character with an extensive bibliography. Most reports 
contain the core sediment descriptions, based on both microscopic and 
megascopic examinations. 



VIII-10 



Coastal Engineering Research Center (Continued) 

Available From: National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession number is provided after the 
title of each report) 



VIII-11 



US Geological Survey 

US Department of the Interior 

National Center 

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive 

Reston, VA 22092 

Publications 

The National Atlas of the United States of America 

Publication Date: 1970 

Location: The 50 states 

Period of Coverage: Varies for each map 

Contents: The atlas serves as a comprehensive documentation of the Nation's 
physical features, resources, and human activities. It has been prepared by 
the USGS with the cooperation of more than 80 Federal agencies which supplied 
data, reviewed compilation of subject matter, and provided advice on atlas 
maps. Geological and marine maps include tectonic features, geology, glacial 
geology, karstlands and caverns, coastal landforms, ocean sediments and cur- 
rents, tides, sea temperature and salinity, and wave heights. The geologic 
and tectonic sections also contain discussion sections. 

Other categories of maps include soils, climate, and water. The soil 
section has maps on soil type and vegetation; while the climate section con- 
tains data for solar radiation, monthly sunshine, annual sunshine and evapora- 
tion, precipitation, monthly precipitation, snowfall, dew point and humidity, 
monthly average, maximum and minimum temperatures, temperature extremes, heat- 
ing and cooling degree-days, freeze-free period, seasonal pressures and winds , 
air pollution, and storms. Lastly, the water section offers maps on surface 
water, floods, droughts, ground water, minerals in water, water impurities, 
water use, and water resources. 

Available From: Most libraries stock this atlas as a standard 

reference; however, it may also be purchased at 
USGS headquarters: 

US Geological Survey 

US Department of the Interior 

National Center 

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive 

Reston, VA 22092 



VIII-12 



US Geological Survey (Continued) 

A Descriptive Catalog of Selected Aerial Photographs of Geologic 

Features in the United States 

Denny, C. S., Warren, C. R. , Dow, D. H., and Dale, W. J. 

Geological Survey Professional Paper 590 



Publication Date: 



1968 



Location: 



Period of Coverage: 



The 50 states 

Each photograph or set of photographs gives the 
date the pictures were taken. 



Contents: The USGS has selected 857 photographs that illustrate numerous 
types of geologic features in the United States. This catalog lists these 
special sets of photographs that are available for purchase and describes the 
features illustrated by one reduced photograph displayed for each set. 

The latitude and longitude, number of photos in the set, photographic 
scale, focal length, date the photo set was taken, and map and geologic 
references are all included with a description of the photo set. 



Additional Information: 



Available From: 



A similar document, "A Descriptive Catalog of 
Selected Aerial Photographs of Geologic Features in 
Areas Outside the United States," Geological Survey 
Professional Paper 591, was published in 1969 and 
contains similar information. This catalog may also 
be purchased from the Government Printing Office. 

Superintendent of Documents 
US Government Printing Office 
Washington, DC 20402 
(202) 275-2091, FTS 275-2051 



VIII-13 



US Soil Conservation Service 
US Department of Agriculture 
PO Box 2890 
Washington, DC 20250 
(202) 447-4543 

Publication 

Soil Surveys 

Publication Dates: Varies from location to location 

Location: 50 US states, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: The US Department of Agriculture, in cooperation with state 
agricultural experiment stations and other Federal and state agencies, has 
been making soil surveys and publishing them since 1899. These surveys fur- 
nish soil maps and interpretations needed in giving technical assistance to 
farmers and ranchers; in guiding other decisions about soil selection, use, 
and management; and in planning research and disseminating the results of the 
research. They are also used in educational programs about soil use and con- 
servation. Sound scientific and technical standards are used in a nationwide 
system of soil classification, nomenclature, interpretation, and publication. 

Published soil surveys contain, in addition to soil maps, general infor- 
mation about the agriculture and climate of the area and descriptions of each 
kind of soil. They include a discussion of the formation and classification 
of the soils in the area and also soil laboratory data when available. 

Soil surveys published since 1967 contain many different kinds of inter- 
pretations for each of the different soils mapped in the area. The kinds of 
interpretations included in these recent surveys vary with the needs of the 
area, but the following interpretations are in most of them: estimated yields 
of the common agricultural crops under defined levels of management, land- 
capability interpretations, soil-woodland interpretations, rangeland interpre- 
tations, engineering uses of soil, interpretations for community planning, 
suitability of the soil for drainage and irrigation, and suitability of the 
soil for wildlife and recreation. 

Most of the soil surveys published since 1957 contain soil maps printed 
on a photomosaic base. The usual map scale is 1:24,000, 1:20,000, or 
1:15,840, depending on the needs of the area. 

For planning farms, engineering structures, parks, urban developments, 
and other uses of land, the recent published soil surveys are more useful. 
The older surveys can be of considerable assistance for many users, but their 
maps are more general than those in recent surveys and some of the interpre- 
tations need to be updated. 

Available From: Published soil surveys may be found in most 

public libraries or local state and county 
agencies. 



VIII-14 



US Soil Conservation Service (Continued) 

Additional Information: Additional information on soil surveys may be 

obtained from the state conservationist listed 
in Appendix D. 



VIII-15 



American Geological Institute 
5205 Leesburg Pike 
Falls Church, VA 22041 
(703) 379-2480 

Publication 

Maps and Geological Publications of the United States: A Layman's Guide 

Pampe, W. R. 

Publication Date: 1978 

Location: The United States and Puerto Rico 

Period of Coverage: Most maps are revised from time to time 

Contents: This reference guide lists maps that are used by rock hounds and 
professional engineers everywhere. Books and maps of local geology are 
abundant in this guide. 

It is arranged by states in alphabetical order (Puerto Rico and District 
of Columbia included) . Most of the information in this directory is supplied 
by state geologists, while only a small amount is furnished by the USGS. 

The guide also lists publishers who sell each map. Other useful 
information supplied includes the addresses of state geologic agencies and 
other map publishers. Please note that this is a map directory independent of 
the USGS (most of the publications or maps in this catalog cannot be obtained 
through the USGS). 

Available From: American Geological Institute 

5205 Leesburg Pike 
Falls Church, VA 22041 
(703) 379-2480 



VIII-16 



Maritime Sediments and Atlantic Geology 

Box 2050 

Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada E3B 5G4 



Publication 

Publication Interval: 
Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



Maritime Sediments and Atlantic Geology 

Three times a year 

Northern Appalachian area (with an emphasis 
on Canada) 

N/A 



Contents: This periodical is primarily designed to report on all aspects of 
geology, geomorphology , and oceanography of the northern Appalachian area. It 
contains a wide variety of articles for a large number of locations. A check 
in a periodicals listing should be most helpful in locating the type of 
information desired and the correct issue. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



Maritime Sediments and Atlantic Geology 

Box 2050 

Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada E3B 5G4 

This periodical publishes various subjects in 
the areas of geology, geomorphology, and geo- 
physics. However, retrieving the subjects 
related to specific geographic location (s) may 
require a careful search through the entire 
article listing of the journal. 



VIII-17 



Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological 

Laboratories 
Ocean Chemistry Division 
Environmental Research Laboratories 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
4301 Rickenbacker Causeway Virginia Key 
Miami, FL 33149 
(305) 361-4300, FTS 350-1300 

Publication 

The Central North Atlantic Ocean Basin and Continental Margins: 

Geology, Geophysics, Geochemistry, and Resource Including the 

Trans-Atlantic Geotravers (TAG) 

Rona, P. A., NOAA Atlas-3 

Publication Date: February 1980 

Location: Latitude 10° to 50° N, longitude 0° to 82°30' W 

Period of Coverage: 1960s to 1979 

Contents: This atlas presents a comprehensive overview of the geology, 
geophysics, geochemistry, and energy and mineral resources of the central 
North Atlantic Ocean basin and continental margins. The information, compiled 
from extensive published and unpublished sources, is presented in the form of 
22 maps on Mercator projection at scale 1:13,228,000 from latitude 30° N, a 
trans-Atlantic ocean bottom photographic traverse, two trans-Atlantic crustal 
sections based on seismic refraction measurements, trans-Atlantic single and 
multichannel seismic reflection profiles, 12 original trans-Atlantic 
geotracerses, magnetic, and three tables of crustal properties comprising 
seismic reflection and refraction measurements, and the description and 
chemical composition of rock samples recovered from the ocean basin. Sources 
of information including the Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse (TAG) and deep-sea 
drilling projects are thoroughly documented. This atlas is designed to 
fulfill the need for a multipurpose information base for scientific 
investigation, marine environmental management, resource exploration, sea 
floor engineering, oceanographic education, and general interest. 

Available From: Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 
Washington, DC 20402 
(202) 783-3238 



VIII-18 



PART IX: EARTHQUAKE INFORMATION AND TSUNAMIS 

Page 

National Geophysical Data Center IX-2 

Seismic Data and Activities IX-2 

Earthquake History of the United States IX-3 

Catalog of Significant Earthquakes, 2000 B.C. - 1979 IX-4 

Catalog of Tsunami Photographs IX-5 

Catalog of Tsunamis in Hawaii IX-6 

Catalog of Tsunamis in Alaska IX-7 

Catalog of Seismograph and Strong-Motion Records IX-8 

US Geological Survey IX-9 

Seismograph Station Abbreviations and Coordinates IX-9 

United States Earthquakes IX- 10 

Earthquake Information Bulletin IX-12 

Canada Department of Energy, Mines, and Resources IX-13 

Canadian Earthquakes IX-13 

Naval Construction Battalion Center IX-14 

Earthquake Occurrence and Effects in Ocean Areas IX-14 

Shannon and Wilson Inc. and Agbabian Associates IX-15 

Geotechnical and Strong Motion Earthquake Data from U.S. 

Accelerograph Stations IX-15 

Woodward-Clyde Consultants IX- 17 

Geotechnical Data Compilation for Selected Strong Motion 

Seismograph Sites in California IX- 17 

Coastal Engineering Research Center IX-18 

Annotated Bibliography on Tsunamis IX-18 

Tetra-Tech Inc IX- 19 

Tsunami Atlas for the Coasts of the United States IX- 19 

Hawaii Institute of Geophysics IX-21 

Preliminary Catalog of Tsunamis Occurring in the Pacific Ocean. . IX-21 

Tsunami Wave Runup Heights in Hawaii IX-23 

International Tsunami Information Center IX-24 

Tsunami Newsletter IX-24 

IX- 1 



National Geophysical Data Center 
National Environmental Satellite, Data, 

and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6215, FTS 320-6215 



Kind of Data 



Seismic Data and Activities 



Location and Dates: Information for the 50 states is available. 

Period of coverage varies greatly from site to 
site, but sometimes pre-1850 data can be found. 

Description of Data: The services provided include preparing local and 
regional seismic histories for engineers, actuaries, and other scientists and 
answering direct inquiries from the public on all aspects of historical earth- 
quakes. Additional services and products include publishing annual earthquake 
reports, and making available copies of seismograms, accelograms, displacement 
meter records, digitized strong-motioned seismograms, and epicenter lists in 
several formats. Many of these products and services are based on seismic 
records or other data that have originated with US Geological Survey (USGS) 
recording networks or with USGS data-reduction facilities. 

Qualified Users: No limitations 

Point of Contact: National Geophysical Data Center 

National Environmental Satellite, Data, 

and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6215, FTS 320-6215 



IX- 2 



National Geophysical Data Center (Continued) 
Publications 



Publication Date: 

Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



Earthquake History of the United States 
Eppley, R. A., et al., No. 41-1 

Part 1, 1965; Part 2, 1966 

The 50 states and their immediate vicinity 

Both parts were revised to contain data from the 
earliest times to the close of 1963. 



Contents: This publication covers the most important earthquakes of the 
United States. It is composed of two parts. The first part is subdivided 
into seven regions: New England and New York, the Eastern Region, the Central 
Region, the Western Mountain Region, Washington and Oregon, Alaska, and 
Hawaii. Part two contains earthquake information on California and western 
Nevada. 

The information on each region is divided into three sections. The first 
is a list of earthquakes which contains year, date, time, geographical 
location, longitude, latitude, and intensity (modified Mercalli) of the 
quake's epicenter. The affected area in square miles and the reporting 
authorities are also given. The second section gives a listing of major 
earthquakes. It includes a description or account of the quake. The third 
section gives a listing of intermediate and minor quakes. A brief description 
is given. All lists are given in chronological order. 



Additional Information: 



Available From: 



This publication was revised in 1973 to cover 
data through 1970. The two older volumes have 
been combined to make one volume. A supplement 
was then issued in 1982 to cover data from 1971 
to 1980. The 1973 revised edition and the 1982 
supplement were then combined to make one 
volume. 

Superintendent of Documents 
US Government Printing Office 
Washington, DC 20402 
(202) 783-3238 



IX-3 



National Geophysical Data Center (Continued) 

Catalog of Significant Earthquakes 2000 B.C. - 1979 
Ganse, R. A., and Nelson, J. B. , Report SE-27 



Publication Date: 

Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



July 1981 
Worldwide 
2000 B.C. - 1979 



Contents: The catalog consists of some 2,484 events drawn from more than 
100 different sources. Multiple entries are made when different sources offer 
substantially different information. There are 3,107 entries representing the 
2,484 unique events. References for epicenter information, reported deaths, 
and damage are indicated for each entry. It lists the following seismological 
parameters for each event: time, latitude and longitude, depth, magnitude/ 
intensity, deaths, damage class, references, and geographical location. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



World Data Center A for Solid-Earth Geophysics 
National Geophysical Data Center, EGC1 
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and 

Information Service 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6472, FTS 320-6472 

This catalog is an expansion of a file 
originally created to produce the World Map of 
Significant Earthquakes 1900 to Present. This 
map may be obtained from NOAA/NGDC (D622) , 
325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80303. The map may 
be obtained folded or rolled. 



IX-4 



National Geophysical Data Center (Continued) 

Catalog of Tsunami Photographs 
Nelson, J. B., KGRD No. 13 



Publication Date: 

Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



October 1980 

Pacific Ocean 

Photographs come from the tsunamis of 7 Dec 
1944, 1 Apr 1946, 4 Nov 1952, 9 Mar 1957, 22 May 
1960, 27 Mar 1964, 16 May 1968, 20 July 1975, 
and 29 Nov 1975. 



Contents: This document contains a chronological listing of tsunami-related 
photographs. The photographs listed in this catalog form a subset of the 
National Geophysical Data Center's larger set of earthquake-related 
photographs. 

Most of the photos are from the 1 April 1946 and the 27 March 1964 
earthquake and tsunamis. The quality and a brief description of each photo 
are given. 

Color prints, black and white negatives, and color and black and white 
35-mm transparencies can also be ordered from this catalog. 



Available From: 



National Geophysical Data Center 

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and 

Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
325 Broadway 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6119, FTS 320-6119 



IX-5 



National Geophysical Data Center (Continued) 



Catalog of Tsunamis in Hawaii 
Pararas-Carayannis, G. , Report WE-4 



Publication Date: 



March 1977 



Location: 



Hawaiian Islands 



Period of Coverage 



1813-1976 



Contents: The objective of this report is to present a systematic compilation 
of all data pertaining to tsunamis observed and recorded in Hawaii. 

All available information has been compiled from historical accounts, 
newspaper archives, and other reports. The data given include: (a) earth- 
quake data which include date, coordinates of epicenter, and Richter magnitude; 

(b) tsunami data which include area of origin, relative magnitude, places of 
observation, height and period of the initial three waves, time taken to 
travel from origin to place of observation, and observations and remarks; and 

(c) references which list where the data were obtained. 



Available From: 



World Data Center A 

for Solid-Earth Geophysics 
National Environmental Satellite, 

Data, and Information Services 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
Boulder, CO 80302 
(303) 497-6472, FTS 320-6472 



Additional Information: 



Predictions on tsunami wave runup are included 
in Part III of this report. 



IX-6 



National Geophysical Data Center (Continued) 

Catalog of Tsunamis in Alaska 
Pararas-Carayannis, G. , and Cox, D. C, Report SE-1 

Publication Date: March 1976 

Location: Alaska 

Period of Coverage: 1788-1976 

Contents: The objective of this report is to present a systematic compilation 
of all data pertaining to tsunamis observed and recorded in Alaska. 

All available information has been compiled from historical accounts, 
newspaper archives, and other reports. The data given include: (a) earth- 
quake data which include date, coordinates of epicenter, and Richter magni- 
tude; (b) tsunami data which include area of origin, relative magnitude, 
places of observation, height and period of the initial three waves, time 
taken to travel from origin to place of observation, and observations and 
remarks; and (c) references which list where the data were obtained. 

Available From: World Data Center A 

for Solid-Earth Geophysics 
National Environmental Satellite, 

Data, and Information Services 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
Boulder, CO 80302 
(303) 497-6472, FTS 320-6472 

Additional Information: Predictions of tsunami wave runup are included 

in Part III of this report. 



IX- 7 



National Geophysical Data Center 
World Data Center A for Solid-Earth 

Geophysics 
National Environmental Satellite, Data, 

and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
Boulder, CO 80303 
(303) 497-6521, FTS 320-6521 

Publication 



Catalog of Seismograph and Strong-Motion Records 
Morris, L., et al., SE-6 

Publication Date: May 1977 

Location: Worldwide 

Period of Coverage: N/A 

Contents: The present catalog lists the World Data Center A's holdings of 
seismograms and strong-motion records, provides price lists, and describes 
formats in which the records are available. 

Seismograph information such as a list of stations participating in 
seismogram exchange programs and a list of international data exchange 
earthquakes is included. 

Strong-motioned information includes station locations, a chronological 
listing (1933-1975) of earthquakes that triggered strong-motioned instruments, 
a list of available strong-motioned records, strong-motioned data services, a 
list of agencies that furnished strong-motioned data, and additional data and 
publications. 

Available From: World Data Center A for Solid-Earth 

Geophysics 
National Environmental Satellite, Data, 

and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
Boulder, CO 80302 
(303) 497-6521, FTS 320-6521 



IX-8 



US Geological Survey 

National Earthquake Information Service 

US Department of the Interior 

Stop 967, Box 25046 

Denver Federal Center 

Denver, CO 80225 

(303) 234-3994, FTS 234-3994 



Publications 



Seismograph Station Abbreviations and Coordinates 
Covington, P. A. 



Publication Date: 



March 1974 



Location: 



Worldwide 



Period of Coverage: 



All worldwide seismograph stations that were in 
operation as of January 1974 are included in 
this report. 



Contents: This report is composed of two lists. List one contains the 
stations' abbreviations, name, geographic location, latitude, longitude, and 
elevation. It is arranged in alphabetical order by station abbreviation. 
List two contains a listing of seismographical stations and abbreviations by 
geographical order. 



Available From: 



Additional Information: 



US Geological Survey 

National Earthquake Information Service 

US Department of the Interior 

Stop 967, Box 25046 

Denver Federal Center 

Denver, CO 80225 

(303) 234-3994, FTS 234-3994 

A similar publication entitled "Seismograph 
Station Codes and Characteristics" was published 
in 1978 as the Geological Survey Circular 791. 
It was written by Barbara B. Poppe, Debbi A. 
Naab, and John S. Derr. It is available free 
upon application to: 

Eastern Distribution Branch 

US Geological Survey 

1200 South Eads Street 

Arlington, VA 22202 

(703) 557-2751, FTS 557-2751 



IX-9 



US Geological Survey (Continued) 

United States Earthquakes 

Publication Interval: Yearly 

Location: The 50 states 

Period of Coverage: From 1928 to present 

Contents: This series describes all the earthquakes that were reported felt 
in the United States and nearby territories during the period of record. Its 
purpose is to provide a continuous history of US earthquakes for studying 
seismic risk, evaluating nuclear power plant sites, designing earthquake 
resistive structures, and answering inquiries from the scientific and general 
public . 

The publication is composed of four major chapters: "Earthquake Descrip- 
tions," which includes a summary of macroseismic data reported for each earth- 
quake and a chronological list of earthquakes by state; "Network Operations," 
which summarizes the results from local seismic networks; "Miscellaneous 
Activities," which contains information on crustal movement studies, tsunamis , 
and principal earthquakes of the world; and "Strong-Motioned Seismograph 
Data." 

The intensity and macroseismic data in "Earthquake Descriptions" are 
compiled through questionnaires, newspaper articles, and reports prepared by 
the government and various other sources. Each description includes date, 
origin, time, hypocenter, the source of the hypocenter calculation, maximum 
intensity (modified Mercalli) , and macroseismic effects felt in the area. 
Pre-1980 issues may vary in form and content. 

The US Geological Survey publishes preliminary intensity data in its 
quarterly circular, "Earthquakes in the United States." Copies of these 
reports are available on request from: Eastern Distribution Branch, US 
Geological Survey, 1200 South Eads Street, Arlington, VA 22202 
(703) 557-2751, FTS 557-2751. 

The final information is published in the "United States Earthquakes" 
series . 

Additional Information: This series is published jointly by US 

Department of the Interior, Geological Survey; 
and US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic 
and Atmospheric Administration. This publica- 
tion is a consolidation of the monthly publica- 
tion "Preliminary Determination of Epicenters, 
Monthly Listing." The data are compiled and 
analyzed for all 12 months and the "United 
States Earthquakes" series is then presented. 
The later publication may be of more value if 
information other than raw data is desired. 



IX- 10 



US Geological Survey (Continued) 

Available From: Superintendent of Documents 

US Government Printing Office 
Washington, DC 20402 
(202) 783-3238 



IX- 11 



US Geological Survey 

Office of Earthquakes, Volcanoes, 

and Engineering 
904 National Center 
Reston, VA 22092 
(703) 860-8471 



Publication 

Publication Interval: 
Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



Earthquake Information Bulletin 

Published bimonthly 

Emphasis is on the United States, but some 
information is given for worldwide sites 

Since 1969 



Contents: The earthquake information bulletin is intended to be a means of 
conveying information on earthquakes, seismological activities, and related 
natural hazards to both general and specialized readers. A check in a 
periodicals index should be most helpful in locating the type of information 
desired and the correct issue. 



Available From: 



Single copies are 
available from: 



Superintendent of Documents 
US Government Printing Office 
Washington, DC 20402 
(202) 275-2091, FTS 275-2051 

Eastern Distribution Branch 

US Geological Survey 

1200 South Eads Street 

Arlington, VA 22202 

(703) 557-2751, FTS 557-2751 



IX- 12 



Canada Department of Energy, Mines, 

and Resources 
Earth Physics Branch 
1 Observatory Cresc. 
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0Y3, Canada 
(613) 995-5558 

Publication 

Canadian Earthquakes, Seismological Series of the 
Dominion Observatory 

Publication Interval: Yearly 

Location: Canada 

Period of Coverage: 1960 to present 

Contents: This yearly guide contains a chronological listing of seismic 
disturbances in Canada. It is divided into four parts according to region. 
The four parts are the Artie Region, the Eastern Region, the Central Region, 
and the Western Region. The regions have latitudinal and longitudinal 
boundaries. 

The data given in each part for each disturbance include date, time, 
geographical coordinates (latitude and longitude) and location of the 
epicenters, Richter magnitude, and a few remarks. 

Maps plotting the epicenters of the more significant quakes are also 
included. 

Available From: Dominion Observatory 

Department of Energy, Mines, and Resources 
Ottawa, Canada 
(613) 995-5558 



IX- 13 



Naval Construction Battalion Center 
Civil Engineering Laboratory 
Port Hueneme, CA 93043 

Publication 



Earthquake Occurrence and Effects in Ocean Areas 
Wilson, B. W., Technical Report CR 69.027 

Publication Date: February 1969 

Location: Worldwide 

Period of Coverage: Varies from site to site; however, this document 

deals mainly with the 1900s. 

Contents: This document evaluates earthquake hazards in ocean areas through- 
out the world. It seeks to examine some of the available earthquakes and 
their associated ground movements, and hence to appraise the potential effects 
of such motions on ocean bottom structures, both from the standpoint of the 
ground-motion itself as well as the hydrodynamic effects of the surrounding 
water. 

Data include a map of the distribution of seismic zones in the world, 
cross-sectional maps of high-risk earthquake zones showing earthquake epi- 
centers and hypocenters, maps of oceanic plates, seafloor spreading, and 
oceanic trenches and ridges. Other data and information are given (see table 
of contents) . 

This report presents collectively a large number of undersea earthquake 
information and data for engineers; however, none of the data presented here 
are original. 

Additional Information: This report was prepared by: 

Basil W. Wilson 

Consulting Oceanographic Engineer 
529 South Winston Avenue 
Pasadena, CA 91107 



IX- 14 



Shannon and Wilson Inc. 
1105 North 38th Street 
Seattle, WA 98103 

and 
Agbabian Associates 
250 North Nash Street 
El Segundo, CA 90245 



Publication 



Geotechnical and Strong Motion Earthquake Data from U.S. 

Accelerograph Stations 

NUREG/CR-0985 and NUREG-0029 



Publication Date: 



This is a five-volume set. 
for each volume are: 



The publishing dates 



Location: 



Volume 1 
Volume 2 
Volume 3 
Volume 4 
Volume 5 



September 1976 
June 1978 
September 1980 
September 1980 
September 1980 



Volume 1 - Ferndale, Calif.; Cholame, Calif.; 

and El Centro, Calif. 
Volume 2 - Pasadena, Calif.; Santa Barbara, 

Calif.; Taft, Calif.; and Hollister 

(Melendy Ranch Barn), Calif. 
Volume 3 - Gilroy, Calif.; Logan, Utah; Bozeman, 

Mont.; Tacoma, Wash.; and Helena, 

Mont. 
Volume 4 - Anchorage, Alaska; Seattle, Wash.; 

Olympia, Wash.; and Portland, Oreg. 
Volume 5 - Fairbanks, Alaska; Petrolia, Calif.; 

Hollister (City Hall), Calif.; Los 

Angles, Calif.; and New Madrid, Mont. 



Period of Coverage: 



Varies from site to site 



Contents: This five-volume set was prepared for the US Nuclear Regulatory 
Commission. It contains site-specific information describing the station 
building and instrumentation, geology and seismicity of the area, and site 
conditions . 

The report compiles basic geotechnical and strong-motion earthquake data 
for selected accelerograph stations. These earthquake records constitute a 
set of maximum ground-motion values, time-histories of acceleration, and 
response spectra, upon which seismic design recommendations are formulated. 

Tables of significant seismic events, maps of local and general geology, 
boring logs, and geologic cross sections can be found in the last three 
volumes for each site. Similar data exist for the first two volumes, but the 
data are not given in the same format. 



IX-15 



Shannon and Wilson Inc. (Continued) 

Available From: GPO Sales Program 

Division of Technical Information 

and Document Control 
US Nuclear Regulatory Commission 
Washington, DC 20555 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

Additional Information: These reports were prepared for: 

Division of Reactor Safety Research 
Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research 
US Nuclear Regulatory Commission 
Washington, DC 20555 

The first two volumes were published as reports 
NUREG-0029, Vol 1, and NUREG-0029, Vol 2, while 
the last three were published as NUREG/CR-0985 
Vols 3, 4, and 5. 



IX- 16 



Woodward-Clyde Consultants 
1 Walnut Creek Center 
100 Pringle Avenue 
ATTN: Library 
Walnut Creek, CA 94596 
(415) 945-3000 

Publication 



Geotechnical Data Compilation for Selected Strong Motion Seismograph 

Sites in California 



Publication Date: 



Hansen, W. R., et al. 
28 December 1973 



Location: Data are given for 78 sites. These sites are 

subdivided into seven regions as follows: 
Sacramento, San Francisco Bay area, Hollister, 
Bakersfield, Santa Barbara, Lake Hughes, and the 
Imperial Valley. 

Contents: This report is a compilation of available geotechnical information 
for 78 selected strong-motioned seismograph sites in California. This infor- 
mation is presented for each site at three levels of detail: regional, areal, 
and site. 

The information is intended to allow: (a) evaluation of present and 
future instrument locations, (b) identification of sites for which there is 
insufficient subsurface information, and (c) evaluation of existing and 
anticipated records from strong-motion seismographs. The ultimate goal of 
such analysis is improved design of earthquake-resistant structures through 
better understanding of seismic ground response. Data for 78 sites are 
provided. 



Available From: 



Woodward-Clyde Consultants 

1 Walnut Creek Center 

100 Pringle Avenue 

ATTN: Library 

Walnut Creek, CA 94596 

(415) 945-3000 



Additional Information: 



Woodward-Clyde Consultants was formally 
Woodward-Lundgren and Associates. 



IX- 17 



Coastal Engineering Research Center 
US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment 

Station 
PO Box 631 

Vicksburg, MS 39180 
(601) 634-2012, FTS 542-2012 

Publication 



Publication Date: 

Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



Annotated Bibliography on Tsunamis 
Cueller, M. P. , No. 30 

February 1953 

N/A 

1836-1948 



Contents: This 69-page guide chronologically lists 195 references on tsunamis 
and other sea-wave phenomena. It gives the author, title, date, publishing 
agency, and a brief description of the contents for each source. 

This report was prepared for the Committee for the Study of Tsunamis, 
American Geophysical Union. It serves as a quick index for persons in need of 
tsunami literature. 



Additional Information: 



Available From: 



This document was published by the Beach Erosion 
Board, the Coastal Engineering Research Center's 
predecessor organization. 

National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 

(NTIS Accession No. AD-699-405) 



IX- 18 



Tetra-Tech Inc. 

630 North Rosemead Boulevard 

Pasadena, CA 91107 

(213) 449-6400 

Publication 

Tsunami Atlas for the Coasts of the United States 
Brandsma, M. , et al., TC-486, NUREG/CR-1106 

Publication Date: November 1979 

Location: 19 Pacific coast sites ranging from 31° N (Punta 

Colnett, Mexico) to 48° N (Cape Flattery, Wash.) 
and 27 Atlantic coast sites ranging from 25° N 
(Cape Sable, Fla.) to 44° N (Bay of Fundy, 
Maine) 

Contents: This report presents hypothetical tsunamis generated by large- 
magnitude earthquakes. The results, which consist primarily of wave traces at 
offshore stations in 600 ft of water, show that potential tsunami hazard 
exists along the US Pacific coast and Atlantic coast. 

The results are intended as the first step of design calculations for 
coastal installations at specific sites. The computations used a canonical 
tsunami source somewhat larger than any known to have occurred and are the 
result of worst-case computations. 

The atlas lists hypothetical tsunamis arriving offshore of each station. 
They are listed in order of maximum wave displacement from the still water 
level. Water displacement, hypothetical generation region, and the time taken 
to arrive from the region of generation are all given. Graphs of water 
displacement versus time after first wave arrival are included for the larger 
tsunamis. 

Miscellaneous data include maps of continental plates, ocean areas 
capable of generating large tsunamis, and distribution of world earthquakes 
occurring between 1961 and 1967 at depths of less than 100 km. 

Available From: GPO Sales Program 

Division of Technical Information 

and Document Control 
US Nuclear Regulatory Commission 
Washington, DC 20555 



National Technical Information Service 

US Department of Commerce 

5285 Port Royal Road 

Springfield, VA 22161 

(703) 487-4650, FTS 737-4650 



IX- 19 



Tetra-Tech Inc. (Continued) 

Additional Information: This report was prepared for: 

Division of Reactor Safety Research 
Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research 
US Nuclear Regulatory Commission 
Washington, DC 20555 

Predictions on tsunami wave runup are included 
in Part III of this report. 



IX-20 



Hawaii Institute of Geophysics 

Room 252 

University of Hawaii 

2525 Correa Road 

Honolulu, HA 96822 

Publications 

Preliminary Catalog of Tsunamis Occurring in the Pacific Ocean 
Iida, K., et al., Data Report No. 5 HIB-67-10 

Publication Date: 7 August 1967 

Location: This publication is broken down into separate 

regions as follows: 

Region Contents 

A New Zealand, Kermadec Islands, Tonga, 

Samoa, and Fiji 
B New Hebrides, New Caledonia, and 

Solomon Islands 
C New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, and 

Pacific side of Halmahera Island 
D Philippines, Taiwan Pacific coast 
E Ryukyu Islands, Kyushu Island 
F Nankaido-Tokaido area (Shikoku-Sagami) 
G Northeast Honshu Island (Boso-Sanriku) 
H Hokkaido Island 
I Kuril Islands 
J Kamchatka Peninsula and Komandorskiye 

(Commander Islands) 
K Aleutian Islands 

L Mainland Alaska and British Columbia 
M Washington, California, Oregon, Baja 

California 
N Mexico, Central America, North 

Columbia 
South Columbia, Ecuador, Peru 
P North Chile 
Q South Chile 
R Hawaiian Islands 

S Marshall Islands-Marianas Islands 
T Indonesia 
U South China Sea 
V East China Sea and Yellow Sea 
W Sea of Japan 
X Sea of Okhotsk 



Period of Coverage: 173 A.D. to 1967 



IX- 21 



Hawaii Institute of Geophysics (Continued) 

Contents: This publication consolidates tsunami data for the Pacific Ocean 
dating back to 173 A.D. It is based upon written data, geological data, and 
other researcher's reports. The data include: (a) earthquake data (time, 
epicenter coordinates, magnitude, and depth of quake); (b) tsunami data 
(region of generation, tsunami severity, locations where the tsunami was 
observed, height and period of waves, time taken to travel from the quake 
epicenter, and effects and remarks which contain damage reports, deaths, and 
effects of the tsunami) ; and (c) references which give the names of previous 
researchers of the tsunami. 

Some of the older data are incomplete due to lack of written information 
or uncertainty of data. Many of the older times and Richter quake magnitudes 
are approximations, as accurate data were unavailable. 

Available From: Hawaii Institute of Geophysics 

Room 252 

University of Hawaii 
2525 Correa Road 
Honolulu, HA 96822 

Additional Information: This publication may be revised from time to 

time. It would be advantageous to obtain the 
latest revision. 



IX-22 



Hawaii Institute of Geophysics (Continued) 



Publication Date: 

Location: 

Period of Coverage: 



Tsunami Wave Runup Heights in Hawaii 
Loomis, H. G. , HIG-76-5, NOAA-JTRE-161 

May 1976 

Hawaiian Islands 

1946-1975 



Contents: This report presents maps of the shorelines of the Hawaiian Islands 
on which are recorded the wave heights of tsunamis in 1946, 1952, 1957, 1960, 
1964, and 1975. Some islands do not have complete records for all of the 
above tsunamis. The larger, more populated islands have the more complete 
data. Islands that data are given for are as follows: Oahu, Maui, Hawaii, 
Kauai, Molokai, and Lanai. 



Additional Information: 



Available From: 



This report is a joint publication by the Hawaii 
Institute of Geophysics and the Joint Tsunami 
Research Effort, Pacific Marine Environmental 
Laboratory, Environmental Research Laboratories, 
NOAA. 

Predictions on tsunami wave runup are included 
in Part III of this report. 

Hawaii Institute of Geophysics 

Room 252 

University of Hawaii 

2525 Correa Road 

Honolulu, HA 96822 



IX-23 



International Tsunami Information Center 
PO Box 50027 
Honolulu, HA 96850 
(808) 546-2847 



Publication 



Tsunami Newsletter 



Publication Interval: Quarterly 

Location: Pacific Ocean and vicinity 

Period of Coverage: 1968 to present 

Contents: This newsletter is intended to provide news and information to 
scientists, engineers, educators, community protection agencies, and govern- 
ments throughout the world. A check in a periodicals index should be most 
helpful in locating the type of information desired and the correct issue. 

Additional Information: The International Tsunami Information Center is 

maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmo- 
spheric Administration. The Center's mission is 
to mitigate the effects of tsunamis throughout 
the Pacific. 

Available From: International Tsunami Information Center 

PO Box 50027 
Honolulu, HA 96850 
(808) 546-2847 



IX-24 



APPENDIX A: LIST OF OFFICES OF THE US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS 



Office, Chief of Engineers 
Department of the Army 
Washington, DC 20314-1000 

OCE Publications Depot 
2803 52nd Avenue 
Hyattsville, MD 20781-1102 

DIVISIONS AND DISTRICTS: 
US Army Engineer Division, 

Huntsville 
PO Box 1600 
Huntsville, AL 35807-4301 

US Army Engineer Division, 
Lower Mississippi Valley 
PO Box 80 
Vicksburg, MS 39180-0080 

US Army Engineer District, Memphis 
B-202, 167 N. Main 
Memphis, TN 38103-1894 

US Army Engineer District, 

New Orleans 
PO Box 60267 
New Orleans, LA 70160-0267 

US Army Engineer District, 

St. Louis 
210 Tucker Blvd., N. 
St. Louis, MO 63101-1986 

US Army Engineer District, 

Vicksburg 
PO Box 60 
Vicksburg, MS 39180-0060 

US Army Engineer Division, 

Missouri River 
PO Box 103 Downtown Station 
Omaha, NE 68101-0103 

US Army Engineer District, 

Kansas City 
700 Federal Building 
601 East 12th Street 
Kansas City, MO 64106-2896 



US Army Engineer District, Omaha 
Rm. 6014 US Post Office and Court 

House 
215 N. 17th Street 
Omaha, NE 68102-4978 

US Army Engineer Division, 

New England 
424 Trapelo Road 
Waltham, MA 02254-9149 

US Army Engineer Division, 

North Atlantic 
90 Church Street 
New York, NY 10007-9998 

US Army Engineer District, 

Baltimore 
PO Box 1715 
Baltimore, MD 21203-1715 

US Army Engineer District, New York 

26 Federal Plaza 

New York, NY 10278-0090 

US Army Engineer District, Norfolk 
803 Front Street 
Norfolk, VA 23510-1096 

US Army Engineer District, 

Philadelphia 
US Custom House 
2nd and Chestnut Streets 
Philadelphia, PA 19106-2991 

US Army Engineer Division, 

North Central 
536 S. Clark Street 
Chicago, IL 60605-1592 

US Army Engineer District, Buffalo 
1776 Niagara Street 
Buffalo, NY 14207-3199 

US Army Engineer District, Chicago 
219 S. Dearborn Street 
Chicago, IL 60604-1797 

US Army Engineer District, Detroit 

PO Box 1027 

Detroit, MI 48231-1027 



A-l 



US Army Engineer District, 

Rock Island 
PO Box 2004 
Clock Tower Building 
Rock Island, IL 61204-2004 

US Army Engineer District, 

St. Paul 
1135 US Post Office and Custom 

House 
St. Paul, MN 55101-1479 

US Army Engineer Division, 

North Pacific 
PO Box 2870 
Portland, OR 97208-2870 

US Army Engineer District, Alaska 

P0 Box 898 

Anchorage, AK 99506-0898 

US Army Engineer District, Portland 

PO Box 2946 

Portland, OR 97208-2946 



US Army Engineer District, Pittsburgh 
Federal Building 
1000 Liberty Avenue 
Pittsburgh, PA 15222-4186 

US Army Engineer Division, 

South Atlantic 
510 Title Building 
30 Pryor Street, S.W. 
Atlanta, GA 30335-6801 

US Army Engineer District, 

Charleston 
PO Box 919 
Charleston, SC 29402-0919 

US Army Engineer District, 

Jacksonville 
PO Box 4970 
Jacksonville, FL 32232-0019 

US Army Engineer District, Mobile 

PO Box 2288 

Mobile, AL 36628-0001 



US Army Engineer District, Seattle 

PO Box C-3755 

Seattle, WA 98124-2255 



US Army Engineer District, Savannah 

PO Box 889 

Savannah, GA 31402-0889 



US Army Engineer District, 

Walla Walla 
Building 602 
City-County Airport 
Walla Walla, WA 99362-9265 

US Army Engineer Division, Ohio River 

PO Box 1159 

Cincinnati, OH 45201-1159 

US Army Engineer District, 

Huntington 
502 8th Street 
Huntington, WV 25701-2070 

US Army Engineer District, 

Louisville 
PO Box 59 
Louisville, KY 40201-0059 

US Army Engineer District, 

Nashville 
PO Box 1070 
Nashville, TN 37202-1070 



US Army Engineer District, Wilmington 

PO Box 1890 

Wilmington, NC 28402-1890 

US Army Engineer Division, 

Pacific Ocean 
Fort Shafter, HA 96858-5440 

US Army Engineer Division, 

South Pacific 
630 Sansome Street, Rm. 720 
San Francisco, CA 94111-2206 

US Army Engineer District, 

Los Angeles 
P.O. Box 2711 
Los Angeles, CA 90053-2325 

US Army Engineer District, 

Sacramento 
670 Capitol Mall 
Sacramento, CA 95814-4794 



A- 2 



US Army Engineer District, 

San Francisco 
211 Main Street 
San Francisco, CA 94105-1905 



US Army Engineer District, 

Little Rock 
PO Box 867 
Little Rock, AR 72203-0867 



US Army Engineer Division, 

Southwestern 
1114 Commerce Street 
Dallas, TX 75242-0216 



US Army Engineer District, 

Fort Worth 
PO Box 17300 
Fort Worth, TX 76102-0300 



US Army Engineer District, 

Albuquerque 
PO Box 1580 
Albuquerque, NM 87103-1580 

US Army Engineer District, 

Galveston 
PO Box 1229 
Galveston, TX 77553-1229 



US Army Engineer District, Tulsa 

PO Box 61 

Tulsa, OK 74121-0061 



A- 3 



APPENDIX B: US GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE AND ITS BOOKSTORES 



By Mail : 

Superintendent of Documents 
US Government Printing Office 
Washington, DC 20402 
(202) 275-2091 
FTS 275-2051 

Over the counter: 



Birmingham GPO Bookstore 
9220-B Parkway East 
Birmingham, AL 35206 
(205) 254-1056 
FTS 229-1056 

Los Angeles GPO Bookstore 

ARCO Plaza 

505 South Flower Street 

Los Angeles, CA 90071 

(213) 688-5841 

FTS 798-5841 

San Francisco GPO Bookstore 

Room 1023, Federal Office Building 

450 Golden Gate Avenue 

San Francisco, CA 94102 

(415) 556-0642 

FTS 556-6657 

Denver GPO Bookstore 

Room 117 

Federal Building-US Courthouse 

1961 Stout Street 

Denver, CO 80294 

(303) 837-3964 

FTS 327-3964 

Pueblo GPO Bookstore 
Majestic Building 
720 North Main Street 
Pueblo, CO 81003 
(303) 544-3142 
FTS 323-9371 



Atlanta GPO Bookstore 
Room 100, Federal Building 
275 Peachtree Street, NE 
Atlanta, GA 30303 
(404) 221-6947 
FTS 242-6947 

Chicago GPO Bookstore 

Room 1463-14th Floor 

Everett McKinley Dirksen Building 

219 South Dearborn Street 

Chicago, IL 60604 

(312) 353-5133 
FTS 353-5133 

Boston GPO Bookstore 

Room G-25 

John F. Kennedy Federal Building 

New Sudbury Street 

Boston, MA 02203 

(617) 223-6071 

FTS 223-6071 

Detroit GPO Bookstore 
477 Michigan Avenue 
Suite 160 
Detroit, MI 48226 

(313) 226-7816 
FTS 226-4996 

Kansas City GPO Bookstore 

Room 144, Federal Office Building 

601 East 12th Street 

Kansas City, MO 64106 

(816) 374-2160 

FTS 758-2160 



B-l 



New York GPO Bookstore 

Room 110 

26 Federal Plaza 

New York, NY 10278 

(212) 264-3825 

FTS 264-3825 

Columbus GPO Bookstore 
Room 207, Federal Building 
200 North High Street 
Columbus, OH 43215 
(614) 469-6956 
FTS 943-6956 

Cleveland GPO Bookstore 

Room 171 

1240 East 9th Street 

Cleveland, OH 44199 

(216) 522-4922 

FTS 293-4922 

Philadelphia GPO Bookstore 
Room 1214, Federal Building 
600 Arch Street 
Philadelphia, PA 19106 
(215) 597-0677 
FTS 597-0677 

Pittsburgh GPO Bookstore 
Federal Office Building 
1000 Liberty Avenue 
Pittsburgh, PA 15222 
(412) 644-2721 
FTS 722-2721 

Dallas GPO Bookstore 

Room l-C-50 

Federal Building-US Courthouse 

1100 Commerce Street 

Dallas, TX 75242 

(214) 767-0076 

FTS 729-0076 

Houston GPO Bookstore 
45 College Center 
9319 Gulf Freeway 
Houston, TX 77017 
(713) 226-5453 
FTS 527-5453 



Seattle GPO Bookstore 
Room 194, Federal Building 
915 Second Avenue 
Seattle, WA 98174 
(206) 442-4270 
FTS 399-4270 

Milwaukee GPO Bookstore 
Room 190, Federal Building 
517 East Wisconsin Avenue 
Milwaukee, WI 53202 
(414) 291-1304 
FTS 362-1304 

Commerce Department GPO Bookstore 

14th and E Streets, NW 

Main Floor 

Washington, DC 20230 

(202) 377-3527 

FTS 377-3527 

Main GPO Bookstore 

710 North Capitol Street 

Washington, DC 20402 

(202) 275-2091 

FTS 275-2091 

Pentagon GPO Bookstore 
Main Concourse, South End 
Washington, DC 20310 

(202) 557-1821 

(No FTS) 

State Department GPO Bookstore 
21st and C Streets, NW 
Washington, DC 20520 
(202) 632-1437 
FTS 632-1437 

Jacksonville GPO Bookstore 
Room 158, Federal Building 
400 West Bay Street 
Jacksonville, FL 32202 
(904) 791-3801 
FTS 946-3801 



B-2 



APPENDIX C: SOURCES OF INFORMATION, US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY* 



Location 



Anchorage, Alaska 



Dallas, Tex. 



Denver, Colo, 



Los Angeles. 
Calif. 



Menlo Park, 
Calif. 



Public Inquiries Offices 

Address 

Public Inquiries Office 
US Geological Survey 
Room 101 

4230 University Drive 
Anchorage, AK 99508-4664 

Public Inquiries Office 

Earth Science Information and Sales 

US Geological Survey 

E-146 Federal Building, Box 53 

701 C Street 

Anchorage, AK 99508-4664 

Public Inquiries Office 
US Geological Survey 
l-C-45 Federal Building 
1100 Commerce Street 
Dallas, TX 75242 

Public Inquiries Office 
US Geological Survey 
169 Federal Building 
1961 Stout Street 
Denver, CO 80294 

Public Inquiries Office 

US Geological Survey 

7638 Federal Building 

300 North Los Angeles Street 

Los Angeles, CA 90012 

Public Inquiries Office 
US Geological Survey 
Building 3, Room 122 
Mail Stop 533 
345 Middlefield Road 
Menlo Park, CA 94025 



Phone Number 

(907) 561-5555 
FTS 907-272-4320 



(907) 271-4307 



(214) 767-0198 
FTS 729-0198 



(303) 844-4169 
FTS 564-4169 



(213) 894-2850 
FTS 798-2850 



(415) 323-8111 

Ext. 2817 
FTS 467-2817 



Information in this appendix was derived from the US Geological Survey 
(USGS) Circular 900, guide to obtaining USGS information. 



C-l 



Location 



Reston, Va. 



Salt Lake City, 
Utah 



San Francisco, 
Calif. 



Spokane, Wash. 



Washington, D.C. 



Public Inquiries Offices (Continued) 

Address 

Public Inquiries Office 
US Geological Survey 

503 National Center 
Room l-C-402 

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive 
Reston, VA 22092 

Public Inquiries Office 
US Geological Survey 
8105 Federal Building 
125 South State Street 
Salt Lake City, UT 84138 

Public Inquiries Office 
US Geological Survey 

504 Custom House 
555 Battery Street 

San Francisco, CA 94111 

Public Inquiries Office 
US Geological Survey 
678 US Courthouse 
West 920 Riverside Avenue 
Spokane, WA 99201 

Public Inquiries Office 
US Geological Survey 
1028 General Services 

Administration Building 
19th and F Streets, NW 
Washington, DC 20244 



Phone Number 

(703) 860-6167 
FTS 928-6167 



(801) 525-5652 
FTS 588-5652 



(415) 556-5627 
FTS 556-5627 



(509) 456-2524 
FTS 439-2524 



(202) 343-8073 
FTS 343-8073 



Text and Map Products 



Text Products Section 
Eastern Distribution Branch 
US Geological Survey 
604 South Pickett Street 
Alexandria, VA 22304-4658 
(703) 756-6141 
FTS 756-6141 



Western Distribution Branch 

US Geological Survey 

Box 25286, Federal Center 

Denver, CO 80225 

(303) 236-7477 

FTS 776-7477 



Eastern Distribution Branch 
US Geological Survey 
1200 South Eads Street 
Arlington, VA 22202 
(703) 557-2751 
FTS 557-2751 



C-2 



Cartography and Geography 



National Cartographic Information 

Center 
US Geological Survey 
507 National Center 
Room l-C-107 

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive 
Reston, VA 22092 
(703) 860-6045 
FTS 928-6045 

Rocky Mountain Mapping 

Center-NCIC 
US Geological Survey 
Mail Stop 504 
Box 25046, Federal Center 
Denver, CO 80225 
(303) 236-5829 
FTS 776-5829 

Eastern Mapping Center-NCIC 

US Geological Survey 

536 National Center 

Room 2-B-200 

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive 

Reston, VA 22092 

(703) 860-6336 

FTS 928-6336 



Western Mapping Center-NCIC 
US Geological Survey 
345 Middlefield Road 
Menlo Park, CA 94025 
(415) 323-8111, ext. 2427 
FTS 467-2427 

National Space Technology 

Laboratories 
National Cartographic Information 

Center 
US Geological Survey 
Building 3101 
NSTL Station, MS 39529 
(601) 688-3544 
FTS 494-3544 

Alaska Office-NCIC 

US Geological Survey 

Room 110 

4230 University Drive 

Anchorage, AK 99508-4664 

(907) 271-4148 

FTS 907-271-4159 



Mid-Continent Mapping 

Center-NCIC 
US Geological Survey 
1400 Independence Road 
Rolla, MO 65401 
(314) 341-0851 
FTS 277-0851 



Water Resources Division District Offices 



ALABAMA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
520 19th Avenue 
Tuscaloosa, AL 35401 
(205) 752-8104 
FTS 229-2957 



ALASKA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
1515 East 13th Avenue 
Anchorage, AK 99501 
(907) 271-4138 
FTS 907-271-4138 



C-3 



Water Resources Division District Offices (Continued) 



ARIZONA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
Federal Building, FB 44 
301 West Congress Street 
Tucson, AZ 85701-1383 
(602) 629-6671 
FTS 762-6671 

ARKANSAS 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
2301 Federal Office Building 
700 West Capitol Avenue 
Little Rock, AR 72201 
(501) 378-6391 
FTS 740-6391 

CALIFORNIA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
Federal Building, Room W-2235 
2800 Cottage Way 
Sacramento, CA 95825 
(916) 484-4606 
FTS 468-4606 

COLORADO 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
Box 25046, Federal Center 
Mail Stop 415 
Denver, CO 80225 
(303) 236-4882 
FTS 776-4882 

CONNECTICUT 

Connecticut Office 

Water Resources Division 

US Geological Survey 

525 Ribicoff Federal Building 

450 Main Street 

Hartford, CT 06103 

(203) 244-2528 

FTS 244-2528 



DELAWARE 

See listing for Maryland 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 
See listing for Maryland 

FLORIDA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
Hobbs Federal Building, Suite 3015 
Tallahassee, FL 32301 
(904) 681-7620 
FTS 956-7620 

GEORGIA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey, Suite B 
6481 Peachtree Industrial Boulevard 
Doraville, GA 30360 
(404) 221-4858 
FTS 242-4858 

HAWAII 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
PO Box 50166 
300 Ala Moana Boulevard, 

Room 6110 
Honolulu, HI 96850 
(808) 546-8331 
FTS 808-546-8331 

IDAHO 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
230 Collins Road 
Boise, ID 83702 
(208) 334-1750 
FTS 554-1750 



C-4 



Water Resources Division District Offices (Continued) 



ILLINOIS 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
Champaign County Bank Plaza 
102 East Main, Fourth Floor 
Urbana, IL 61801 
(217) 398-5353 
FTS 958-5353 



LOUISIANA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
P0 Box 66492 
6554 Florida Boulevard 
Baton Rouge, LA 70896 
(504) 389-0281 
FTS 687-0281 



INDIANA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
6023 Guion Road, Suite 201 
Indianapolis, IN 46254 
(317) 927-8640 
FTS 336-8640 

IOWA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
PO Box 1230 
269 Federal Building 
400 South Clinton Street 
Iowa City, IA 52244 
(319) 337-4191 
FTS 863-6521 

KANSAS 

Water Resources Division 
District Office 

US Geological Survey 

1950 Constant Avenue- 
Campus West 

University of Kansas 

Lawrence, KS 66044 

(913) 864-4321 

FTS 752-2300 



MAINE 

See listing for Massachusetts 

MARYLAND 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
208 Carroll Building 
8600 LaSalle Road 
Towson, MD 21204 
(301) 828-1535 
FTS 922-7872 

MASSACHUSETTS 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
150 Causeway Street, Suite 1309 
Boston, MA 02114 
(617) 223-2822 
FTS 223-2822 

MICHIGAN 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
6520 Merchantile Way, Suite 5 
Lansing, MI 48910 
(517) 377-1608 
FTS 374-1608 



KENTUCKY 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
572 Federal Building 
600 Federal Place 
Louisville, KY 40202 
(502) 582-5241 
FTS 352-5241 



MINNESOTA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
702 Post Office Building 
St. Paul, MN 55101 
(612) 725-7841 
FTS 725-7841 



C-5 



Water Resources Division District Offices (Continued) 



MISSISSIPPI 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
Federal Building, Suite 710 
100 West Capitol Street 
Jackson, MS 39269 
(601) 960-4600 
FTS 490-4600 

MISSOURI 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
Mail Stop 200 
1400 Independence Road 
Rolla, MO 65401 
(314) 341-0824 
FTS 277-0824 

MONTANA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
301 South Park Avenue 
428 Federal Building 
Drawer 10076 
Helena, MT 59626 
(406) 449-5302 
FTS 585-5302 

NEBRASKA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
406 Federal Building and 

US Courthouse 
100 Centennial Mall, North 
Lincoln, NE 68508 
(402) 471-5082 
FTS 541-5082 

NEVADA 

Nevada Office 

Water Resources Division 

US Geological Survey 

229 Federal Building 

705 North Plaza Street 

Carson City, NV 89701 

(702) 882-1388 

FTS 598-6011 (operator) 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 

See listing for Massachusetts 

NEW JERSEY 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
430 Federal Building 
402 East State Street 
Trenton, NJ 08608 
(609) 989-2162 
FTS 483-2162 

NEW MEXICO 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
720 Western Bank Building 
505 Marquette, Northwest 
Aubuquerque, NM 87102 
(505) 766-2246 
FTS 474-2246 

NEW YORK 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
PO Box 1669 
343 US Post Office and 

Courthouse Building 
Albany, NY 12201 
(518) 472-3107 
FTS 562-3107 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
PO Box 2857 

300 Fayetteville Street Mall 
436 Century Station 
Raleigh, NC 27602 
(919) 755-4510 
FTS 672-4510 



C-6 



Water Resources Division District Offices (Continued) 



NORTH DAKOTA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
821 East Interstate Avenue 
Bismarck, ND 58501 
(701) 255-4011, ext. 601 
FTS 783-4601 

OHIO 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
975 West Third Avenue 
Columbus, OH 43212 
(614) 469-5553 
FTS 943-5553 

OKLAHOMA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
Room 621 

215 Dean A. McGee Avenue 
Oklahoma City, OK 73102 
(405) 231-4256 
FTS 736-4256 

OREGON 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
847 NE 19th Avenue, Suite 300 
Portland, OR 97232 
(503) 231-2009 
FTS 429-2009 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
PO Box 1107 

Federal Building, Fourth Floor 
228 Walnut Street 
Harrisburg, PA 17108 
(717) 782-4514 
FTS 590-4514 



PUERTO RICO 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
GPO Box 4424 

GSA Center, Building 652 
Highway 28, Pueblo Vie jo 
San Juan, PR 00936 
(809) 783-4660 
FTS 809-753-4414 

RHODE ISLAND 

See listing for Massachusetts 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
Suite 658 

1835 Assembly Street 
Columbia, SC 29201 
(803) 765-5966 
FTS 677-5966 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
317 Federal Building 
200 Fourth Street, SW 
Huron, SD 57350 
(605) 352-8651, ext. 258 
FTS 782-2258 

TENNESSEE 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
A-413 Federal Building and 

US Courthouse 
Nashville, TN 37203 
(615) 251-5424 
FTS 852-5424 



C-7 



Water Resources Division District Offices (Continued) 



TEXAS 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
649 Federal Building 
300 East Eighth Street 
Austin, TX 78701 
(512) 482-5766 
FTS 770-5766 

UTAH 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
Room 1016 Administration Building 
1745 West 1700 South 
Salt Lake City, UT 84104 
(801) 524-5663 
FTS 588-5663 



WASHINGTON 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
1201 Pacific Avenue, Suite 600 
Tacoma, WA 98402 
(206) 593-6510 
FTS 390-6510 

WEST VIRGINIA 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
3416 Federal Building and 

US Courthouse 
500 Quarrier Street, East 
Charleston, WV 25301 
(304) 347-5130 
FTS 930-5132 



VERMONT 

See listing for Massachusetts 

VIRGINIA 

Virginia Office 

Water Resources Division 

US Geological Survey 

200 West Grace Street, Room 304 

Richmond, VA 23220 

(804) 771-2427 

FTS 925-2427 



WISCONSIN 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
1815 University Avenue 
Madison, WI 53705 
(608) 262-2488 
FTS 262-2488 

WYOMING 

Water Resources Division 

District Office 
US Geological Survey 
PO Box 1125 

4007 J.C. O'Mahoney Federal Center 
2120 Capitol Avenue 
Cheyenne, WY 82003 
(307) 772-2153 
FTS 328-2153 



Geology and Others 



Geologic Inquiries Group 
US Geological Survey 
907 National Center 
Reston, VA 11097 
(703) 860-6517 
FTS 928-6517 



National Earthquake Information 

Service 
US Geological Survey 
Mail Stop 967 
Box 25046, Federal Center 
Denver, CO 80225 
(303) 236-1500 
FTS 776-1500 



C-8 



Geology and Others (Continued) 

Hydrologic Information Unit EROS Data Center 

US Geological Survey US Geological Survey 

417 National Center Sioux Falls, SD 57198 

Reston, VA 22092 (605) 594-6151 

(703) 860-7531 FTS 784-7151 

FTS 928-7531 



C-9 



APPENDIX D: 



LIST OF STATE CONSERVATIONISTS, SOIL CONSERVATION 
SERVICE, US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



ALABAMA 

Wright Building 

138 South Gay Street 

Auburn, AL 36830 

ALASKA 

Suite 129, Professional Building 

2221 East Northern Lights 

Boulevard 
Anchorage, AK 99504 

ARIZONA 

230 North 1st Avenue 
3008 Federal Building 
Phoenix, AZ 85025 

ARKANSAS 

Room 5029 

Federal Office Building 

700 West Capitol 

Little Rock, AR 72203 

CALIFORNIA 

2828 Chiles Road 

Davis, CA 95616 

COLORADO 

2490 West 26th Avenue 
Diamond Hill, Building A 
Denver, CO 80217 

CONNECTICUT 

Mansfield Professional Park 

Route 44A 

Storrs, CT 06268 

DELAWARE 

Treadway Towers — Suite 2-4 
9 East Loockerman Street 
Dover, DE 19901 

FLORIDA 

Federal Building 

PO Box 1208 

Gainesville, FL 32602 



GEORGIA 

Federal Building 

355 East Hancock Avenue 

PO Box 832 

Athens, GA 30603 

HAWAII 

Prince Jonah Kuhio Kolanianaola 

Building 
300 Ala Moana Boulevard 
Room 4316 
Honolulu, HI 96850 

IDAHO 

Room 345 

304 North 8th Street 

Boise, ID 83702 

ILLINOIS 

Federal Building 

200 West Church Street 

PO Box 678 

Champaign, IL 61820 

INDIANA 

Atkinson Square-West 

Suite 2200 

5610 Crawfordsville Road 

Indianapolis, IN 46224 

IOWA 

693 Federal Building 
210 Walnut Street 
Des Moines, IA 50309 

KANSAS 

760 South Broadway 
PO Box 600 
Salina, KS 67401 

KENTUCKY 

333 Waller Avenue 

Lexington, KY 40504 



D-l 



LOUISIANA 

3737 Government Street 
PO Box 1630 
Alexandria, LA 71301 

MAINE 

USDA Building 
University of Maine 
Orono, ME 04473 



NEVADA 

Room 308 

US Post Office Buildinj 

PO Box 4850 

Reno, NV 89505 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 
Federal Building 
Durham, NH 03824 



MARYLAND 

Hartwick Building 

Room 522 

4321 Hartwick Road 

College Park, MD 20740 

MASSACHUSETTS 

29 Cottage Street 

Amherst, MA 01002 

MICHIGAN 

Room 101 

1405 South Harrison Road 

East Lansing, MI 48823 

MINNESOTA 

200 Federal Building and 

US Courthouse 
316 North Robert Street 
St. Paul, MN 55101 

MISSISSIPPI 

Federal Building, Suite 1321 

100 West Capitol Street 

PO Box 610 

Jackson, MS 39201 

MISSOURI 

555 Vandiver Drive 

Columbia, MO 65201 

MONTANA 

Federal Building 
PO Box 970 
Bozeman, MT 59715 

NEBRASKA 

Federal Building-US 

Courthouse, Room 345 
Lincoln, NE 68508 



NEW JERSEY 
1370 Hamilton Street 
PO Box 219 
Somerset, NJ 08873 

NEW MEXICO 
517 Gold Avenue SW 
PO Box 2007 
Albuquerque, NM 87103 

NEW YORK 

US Courthouse and Federal 

Building 
100 South Clinton Street 
Room 771 
Syracuse, NY 13260 

NORTH CAROLINA 

310 New Bern Avenue, Room 544 

Federal Office Building 

PO Box 27307 

Raleigh, NC 27611 

NORTH DAKOTA 
Federal Building 
PO Box 1458 
Bismarck, ND 58501 

OHIO 

Federal Building, Room 522 
200 North High Street 
Columbus, OH 43215 

OKLAHOMA 

Agricultural Center Office 

Building 
Farm Road and Brumley Street 
Stillwater, OK 74074 



D-2 



OREGON 

Federal Building, 16th Floor 
1220 SW 3rd Avenue 
Portland, OR 97209 

PENNSYLVANIA 
Federal Building and 

US Courthouse 
PO Box 985 

Federal Square Station 
Harrisburg, PA 17108 

PUERTO RICO 
Room 633, 6th Floor 
Federal Building 
Chardon Avenue 
Hato Rey, PR 00918 

RHODE ISLAND 

46 Quaker Lane 

West Warwick, RI 02893 

SOUTH CAROLINA 
Room 950 

1835 Assembly Street 
Columbia, SC 29201 



VIRGINIA 

Federal Building, Room 9201 

400 North 8th Street 

PO Box 10026 

Richmond, VA 23240 

WASHINGTON 

360 US Courthouse 

West 920 Riverside Avenue 

Spokane, WA 99201 

WEST VIRGINIA 
75 High Street 
PO Box 865 
Morgantown, WV 26505 

WISCONSIN 

4601 Hammersley Road 

Madison, WI 50711 

WYOMING 

Federal Office Building 

PO Box 2440 

Casper, WY 82601 



SOUTH DAKOTA 
Federal Building 
200 4th Street, SW 
Huron, SD 57350 

TENNESSEE 

675 US Courthouse 

Nashville, TN 37203 

TEXAS 

W. R. Poage Federal Building 

101 South Main Street 

PO Box 648 

Temple, TX 76501 

UTAH 

4012 Federal Building 
125 South State Street 
Salt Lake City, UT 84138 

VERMONT 

1 Burlington Square 
Suite 205 
Burlington, VT 05401 



D-3 



APPENDIX E: US COAST GUARD DISTRICTS AND ADDRESSES 



District 



First 



Address 



150 Causeway Street 
Boston, MA 02114 
Phone: 617-223-3634 



Waters of Jurisdiction 



Main, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, 
and Rhode Island to Watch Hill 



Second 1430 Olive Street 

St. Louis, MO 63103 
Phone: Day - 314-425-4605 
Night - 314-425-4614 



Mississippi River System, except 
that portion of the Mississippi 
River south of Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana, and the Illinois River 
north of Joliet, Illinois 



Third 



Governors Island 
New York, NY 10004 
Phone: Day - 212-668-7195 
Night - 212-668-7055 



Rhode Island from Watch Hill, Con- 
necticut, New York, New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, and Delaware, not 
including the Chesapeake and 
Delaware Canal 



Fifth 431 Crawford Street 

Portsmouth, VA 23705 
Phone: 804-398-6225 

Seventh 51 Southwest First Avenue 
Miami, FL 33130 
Phone: 305-350-5621 



Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, 
District of Columbia, and the 
Chesapeake and Delaware Canal 

South Carolina, Georgia, Florida to 
83°50' W, and Puerto Rico and 
adjacent islands of the United 
States 



Commander, Greater 

Antilles 
Section, US Coast Guard 
San Juan, Puerto Rico 

00903 
Phone: 809-722-5500 



Immediate jurisdiction of waters of 
Puerto Rico and adjacent islands 
of the United States 



Eighth Hale Boggs Federal 
Building 
500 Camp Street 
New Orleans, LA 70130 
Phone: 504-589-6225 



Florida from 83°50' W, thence 
westward, Alabama, Mississippi, 
Louisiana, and Texas 



Ninth 



1240 East 9th Street 
Cleveland, OH 44199 
Phone: 216-522-3991 



Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River 
above St. Regis River 



Eleventh Union Bank Building 
400 Oceangate Blvd. 
Long Beach, CA 90822 
Phone: 213-590-2222 



California, south of latitude 
34°58' N 



E-l 



District 



Twelfth 



Address 



Building 51, Government 

Island 
Alameda, CA 94501 
Phone: 415-437-3506 



Waters of Jurisdiction 



California, north of latitude 34' 

58' N 



Thirteenth 



915 Second Avenue 
Seattle, WA 98174 
Phone: 206-442-5876 



Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and 
Montana 



Fourteenth 9th Floor 

300 Ala Moana Blvd. 

Honolulu, HI 96850 

Phone: Day - 808-546-7130 

Night - 808-546-7109 

Seventeenth PO Box 3 - 5000 

Juneau, AK 99802 
Phone: Day - 907-586-7367 
Night - 907-586-2680 



Hawaii and the Pacific Islands 
belonging to the United States 
west of longitude 140° W and south 
of latitude 42° N 



Alaska 



E-2 



APPENDIX F: LIST OF CONTACTS FOR COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT 



ALABAMA 

Director 

Office of State Planning and 

Federal Programs 
State Capitol 
Montgomery, AL 36130 
(205) 832-6400 

ALASKA 

Director 

Office of Management and Budget 

Office of the Governor 

Pouch AD 

Juneau, AK 99811 

(907) 465-35411 



FLORIDA 

Secretary 

Department of Environmental 

Regulation 
Twin Towers Office Building 
2600 Blair Stone Road 
Tallahassee, FL 32301 
(904) 488-4807 

GEORGIA 

Commissioner 

Department of Natural Resources 

2770 Washington Street 

Atlanta, GA 30334 

(404) 656-3508 



AMERICAN SAMOA 

Director 

Development Planning Office 

Government of American Samoa 

Pago Pago, American Samoa 96799 

(Overseas operator) 633-5155 

CALIFORNIA 

Director 

California Coastal Commission 

631 Howard Street 

San Francisco, CA 94105 

(415) 543-8555 

CONNECTICUT 

Director 

Department of Environmental 

Protection 
71 Capitol Avenue 
Hartford, CT 06115 
(203) 566-7404 

DELAWARE 

Secretary 

Department of Natural Resources and 

Environmental Control 
89 Kings Highway 
PO Box 1401 
Dover, DE 19903 
(302) 736-4403 



GUAM 

Director 

Bureau of Planning 

Government of Guam 

PO Box 2950 

Agana, Guam 96910 

(Overseas operator) 477-9502 

HAWAII 

Director 

Department of Planning and Economic 

Development 
PO Box 2359 
Honolulu, HI 96804 
(808) 548-3042 

ILLINOIS 

Secretary 

Department of Transportation 

Transportation Administration 

Building 
2300 South Dirksen Parkway 
Springfield, IL 62764 
(312) 793-3126 

INDIANA 

Director 

Department of National Resources 

State Office Building, Room 608 

Indianapolis, IN 46204 

(312) 793-3123 



F-l 



LOUISIANA 

Secretary 

Department of Natural Resources 

PO Box 44396 

Capitol Station 

Baton Rouge, LA 70804 

(504) 342-4500 

MAINE 

Director 

State Planning Office 

184 State Street 

Augusta, ME 04330 

(207) 289-3261 

MARYLAND 

Secretary 

Department of Natural Resources 

Tawes State Office Building 

Annapolis, MD 21401 

(301) 269-3041 

MASSACHUSETTS 

Secretary 

Executive Office of Environmental 

Affairs 
100 Cambridge Street 
Boston, MA 02202 
(617) 727-9530 

MICHIGAN 

Director 

Department of Natural Resources 

PO Box 30028 

Lansing, MI 48909 

(517) 373-2329 

MINNESOTA 

Director 

State Planning Agency 

100 Capitol Square Building 

550 Cedar Street 

St. Paul, MN 55101 

(612) 297-2997 

MISSISSIPPI 

Executive Director 

Bureau of Marine Resources 

PO Box 959 

Long Beach, MS 39560 

(601) 864-4602 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 
Acting Director 
Office of State Planning 
2-1/2 Beacon Street 
Concord, NH 03301 
(603) 271-2155 

NEW JERSEY 

Commissioner 

Department of Environmental 

Protection 
CN 402 

Trenton, NJ 08625 
(609) 292-2885 

NEW YORK 

Secretary of State 
162 Washington Street 
Albany, NY 12231 
(518) 474-4750 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Secretary 

Department of Natural Resources and 

Community Development 
Box 27687 

Raleigh, NC 27611 
(919) 733-4984 

NORTHERN MARIANAS 

Director 

Coastal Resources Management Office 

Office of the Governor 

Room 505 - 5th Floor Nauru 

Saipan, Mariana Islands 96950 

(Overseas operator for Saipan) 6623 

OHIO 

Director 

Department of Natural Resources 

Fountain Square Court (Bldg. D) 

Columbus, OH 43224 

(614) 265-6730 

OREGON 

Director 

Department of Land Conservation and 

Development 
1175 Court Street, NE 
Salem, OR 97310 
(503) 378-4926 



F-2 



PENNSYLVANIA 

Secretary 

Department of Environmental 

Resources 
PO Box 1467 
Harrisburg, PA 17120 
(717) 783-9500 



VIRGINIA 

Administrator 

Council on the Environment 

Ninth Street Office Building 

(9th floor) 
Richmond, VA 23219 
(804) 786-4500 



PUERTO RICO 

Secretary 

Department of Natural Resources 

PO Box 5887 

Pureto de Tierra, PR 00906 

(809) 723-3090 

RHODE ISLAND 

Chairman 

Coastal Resources Management 

Council 
60 Dairs Street 
Providence, RI 02908 
(401) 277-2476 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Chairman 

South Carolina Coastal Council 

PO Box 1026 

Beaufort, SC 29902 

(803) 524-5053 

TEXAS 

Executive Director 

Natural Resources Advisory Council 

200 East 18th Street 

Austin, TX 78701 

(512) 475-0414 



VIRGIN ISLANDS 

Commissioner 

Department of Conservation and 

Cultural Affairs 
PO Box 4340 
Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas, VI 

00801 
(809) 774-3320 

WASHINGTON 

Director 

Department of Ecology 

State of Washington (PV-11) 

Olympia, WA 98504 

(206) 459-6168 

WISCONSIN 

Deputy Secretary 

Department of Administration 

101 South Webster 

General Executive Facility 2 

Madison, WI 53702 

(608) 266-1741 



F-3 



APPENDIX G: LIST OF STATE GEOSCIENCE AGENCIES 



ALABAMA 

Geological Survey of Alabama 

PO Drawer 

University, AL 35486 

(205) 349-2852 

FTS 205-349-2852 

ALASKA 

Division of Geological and 

Geophysical Survey 
3001 Porcupine Drive 
Anchorage, AK 99701 
(907) 786-2179 
FTS 907-786-2179 

ARIZONA 

Bureau of Geology and Mineral 

Technology 
845 North Park Avenue 
Tucson, AZ 85719 
(602) 621-7906 
FTS 602-621-7906 

ARKANSAS 

Arkansas Geological Commission 

3815 West Rooservalt Road 

Little Rock, AR 72201 

(501) 371-1488 

FTS 740-5011 (operator) 

CALIFORNIA 

California Division of Mines and 

Geology 
1416 Ninth Street, Room 1341 
Sacramento, CA 95814 
(916) 445-1923 
FTS 916-445-1923 

COLORADO 

Colorado Geological Survey 

1313 Sherman Street, Room 715 

Denver, CO 80203 

(303) 866-2611 

FTS 303-866-2611 



CONNECTICUT 

Department of Environmental 

Protection 
Natural Resource Center 
165 Capitol Avenue, Room 553 
Hartford, CT 06106 
(203) 556-3450 
FTS 203-556-3540 

DELAWARE 

Delaware Geological Survey 

University of Delaware 

101 Penny Hall 

Newark, DE 19711 

(302) 738-2833 

FTS 302-738-2833 

FLORIDA 

Bureau of Geology 

903 West Tennessee Street 

Tallahassee, FL 32304 

(904) 488-4191 

FTS 904-488-41191 

GEORGIA 

Georgia Geologic Survey 

Room 400 

19 Martin Luther King Drive, SW 

Atlanta, GA 30334 

(404) 656-3214 

FTS 404-656-3214 

HAWAII 

Department of Land and Natural 

Resources 
Division of Water and Land 

Development 
PO Box 373 
Honolulu, HI 96809 
(808) 548-7533 
FTS 808-548-7533 

IDAHO 

Idaho Geological Survey 

University of Idaho Campus 

Moscow, ID 83843 

(208) 885-7991 

FTS 554-1111 (operator) 



G-l 



ILLINOIS 

Illinois State Geological Survey 

615 East Peabody Drive, Room 121 

Champaign, IL 61820 

(217) 344-1481 

FTS 217-344-1481 

INDIANA 

Indiana Geological Survey 

Department of Natural Resources 

611 North Walnut Grove 

Bloomington, IN 47401 

(812) 335-2862 

FTS 812-335-2862 

IOWA 

Iowa Geological Survey 

123 North Capitol 

Iowa City, IA 52242 

(319) 338-1173 

FTS 319-338-1173 

KANSAS 

Kansas Geological Survey 

1930 Avenue A, Campus West 

University of Kansas 

Lawrence, KS 66044 

(913) 864-3965 

FTS 913-864-3965 

KENTUCKY 

Kentucky Geological Survey 

University of Kentucky 

311 Breckinridge Hall 

Lexington, KY 40506 

(606) 257-5863 

FTS 606-257-5863 

LOUISIANA 

Louisiana Geological Survey 

Department of Natural Resources 

Box G, University Station 

Baton Rouge, LA 70813 

(504) 342-6754 

FTS 504-324-6754 

MAINE 

Maine Geological Survey 

Department of Conservation 

State House, Station 22 

Augusta, ME 04330 

(207) 289-2801 

FTS 207-289-2801 



MARYLAND 

Maryland Geological Survey 

The Rotunda 

711 West 40th Street, Suite 440 

Baltimore, MD 21211 

(301) 338-7084 

FTS 922-3311 (operator) 

MASSACHUSETTS 

Department of Environmental 

Quality Engineering 
Division of Water Ways 
1 Winter Street, Seventh Floor 
Boston, MA 02108 
(617) 292-5690 
FTS 617-292-5690 

MICHIGAN 

Geologic Survey Division 

Michigan Department of Natural 

Resources 
Stevens T. Mason Building 
PO Box 30028 
Lansing, MI 48909 
(517) 373-1256 
FTS 517-373-1256 

MINNESOTA 

Minnesota Geological Survey 

2642 University Avenue 

St. Paul, MN 55114 

(612) 373-3372 

FTS 612-373-3372 

MISSISSIPPI 

Mississippi Geological, Economic 

and Topographical Survey 
PO Box 5348 
Jackson, MS 39216 
(601) 354-6228 
FTS 601-354-6228 

MISSOURI 

Department of Natural Resources 

Division of Geology and Land 

Survey 
PO Box 250 
Rolla, MO 65401 
(314) 364-1752 
FTS 314-364-1752 



G-2 



MONTANA 

Montana Bureau of Mines and 

Geology 
Montana College of Mineral Science 

and Technology 
Butte, MT 59701 
(406) 496-4181 
FTS 585-5011 (operator) 

NEBRASKA 

Conservation and Survey Division 

University of Nebraska 

Lincoln, NE 68588 

(402) 472-3471 

FTS 402-472-3471 



NORTH CAROLINA 

North Carolina Geological Survey 

Section 
PO Box 27687 
Raleigh, NC 27611 
(919) 733-2423 
FTS 919-733-2423 

NORTH DAKOTA 

North Dakota Geological Survey 

University Station 

Box 8156-58202 

Grand Forks, ND 58201 

(701) 777-2231 

FTS 783-5771 (operator) 



NEVADA 

Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology 

University of Nevada 

Reno, NV 89557-0088 

(702) 784-6691 

FTS 598-6011 (operator) 



OHIO 

Ohio Division of Geological Survey 

Fountain Square, Building B 

Columbus, OH 43224 

(614) 265-6605 

FTS 614-265-6605 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Department of Resources and 

Economic Development 
117 James Hall 
University of New Hampshire 
Durham, NH 03824 
(603) 862-1216 
FTS 834-7011 (operator) 

NEW JERSEY 

New Jersey Geological Survey 

CN-029 

Trenton, NJ 08625 

(609) 292-2576 

FTS 609-292-2576 



OKLAHOMA 

Oklahoma Geological Survey 

University of Oklahoma 

830 Van Vleet Oval, Room 163 

Norman, OK 73019 

(405) 325-3031 

FTS 736-4011 (operator) 

OREGON 

Department of Geology and Mineral 

Industries 
1005 State Office Building 
Portland, OR 97201 
(503) 229-5580 
FTS 503-229-5580 



NEW MEXICO 

New Mexico Bureau of Mines and 

Mineral Resources 
Campus Station 
Socorro, NM 87801 
(505) 835-5420 
FTS 505-835-5420 

NEW YORK 

New York State Geological Survey 

State Science Service, Room 3140 

Cultural Education Center 

Albany, NY 12230 

(518) 474-5816 

FTS 518-474-5816 



PENNSYLVANIA 

Bureau of Topographic and 

Geological Survey 
Department of Environmental 

Resources 
PO Box 2357 
Harrisburg, PA 17120 
(717) 787-2169 
FTS 717-787-2169 



G-3 



PUERTO RICO 

Servicio Geologico de Puerto Rico 

Department de Recursos Naturales 

Apartado 5887 

Puerta de Tierra 

San Juan, PR 00906 

(809) 723-2716 

FTS 809-723-2716 

RHODE ISLAND 

Statewide Planning Program 

265 Melrose Street 

Providence, RI 02907 

(401) 277-2656 

FTS 838-1000 (operator) 



VIRGINIA 

Virginia Division of Mineral 

Resources 
PO Box 3667 

Charlottesville, VA 22903 
(804) 293-5121 
FTS 937-6011 (operator) 

WASHINGTON 

Division of Geology and Earth 

Resources 
Department of Natural Resources 
Olympia, WA 98504 
(206) 459-6372 
FTS 206-459-6372 



SOUTH CAROLINA 

South Carolina Geological Survey 

Harbison Forest Road 

Columbia, SC 29210 

(803) 758-6431 

FTS 803-758-6431 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

South Dakota Geological Survey 

Science Center 

University of South Dakota 

Vermillion, SD 57069 

(605) 624-4471 

FTS 782-7000 (operator) 

TENNESSEE 

Department of Conservation 

Division of Geology 

701 Broadway 

Nashville, TN 37203 

(615) 742-6691 

FTS 615-742-6691 

TEXAS 

Bureau of Economic Geology 

University of Texas at 

Austin 
University Station, Box X 
Austin, TX 78712 
(512) 471-1534 
FTS 729-4011 (operator) 



WEST VIRGINIA 

West Virginia Geological and 

Economic Survey 
PO Box 879 

Morgantown, WV 26507 
(304) 594-2331 
FTS 923-1511 (operator) 

WISCONSIN 

Wisconsin Geological and Natural 

History Survey 
University of Wisconsin Extension 
1815 University Avenue 
Madison, WI 53705 
(608) 262-1705 
FTS 608-262-1705 

WYOMING 

Geological Survey of Wyoming 

PO Box 3008 

University Station 

Laramie, WY 82071 

(307) 742-2054, 766-2286 

FTS 328-1110 (operator) 



UTAH 

Utah Geological and Mineral Survey 

606 Black Hawk Way 

Salt Lake City, UT 84108 

(801) 581-6831 

FTS 801-581-6831 



G-4 



APPENDIX H: COASTAL AND MARINE INFORMATION CENTERS 



Speciality Libraries - Coastal 



Atlantic Coastal Resource Information 

Centre Library 
Council of Maritime Premiers 
Box 310 

Amherst, NS, Canada B4H 3Z5 
(902) 667-7231 

Coastal Engineering Archives 

Coastal and Oceanographic Engineering 

Department 
University of Florida 
433 Weil Hall 
Gainesville, FL 32611 
(904) 392-2710 

Coral Gables Library 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
Gables 1 Tower, 6th Floor 
Coral Gables, FL 33146 
(305) 666-0413 

Denver Library 
US Geological Survey 
Denver Federal Center 
Stop 914, Box 25046 
Denver, CO 80225 
(303) 236-1000 

The Earth Resource Observation 

System (EROS) Data Center 
US Geological Survey 
Sioux Falls, SD 57198 
(605) 594-6511 

Great Lakes Environmental Research 

Laboratory Library 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
2300 Washtenaw Avenue 
Ann Arbor, MI 48104 
(313) 668-2242 



Library 

Moss Landing Marine Laboratories 

California State University and 

Colleges 
Box 223 

Moss Landing, CA 95039 
(408) 633-3304 

Library 

Ocean and Coastal Law Center 

School of Law 

University of Oregon 

Eugene, OR 97403 

Library 

US Army Engineer Waterways 

Experiment Station 
Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 
(601) 634-2543 
FTS 542-2543 

Library 

US Geological Survey 
Federal Building 
300 E 8th Street 
Austin, TX 78701 
(512) 482-5520 

Library 

US Geological Survey 
345 Middlefield Road 
Menlo Park, CA 94025 
(415) 323-8111 

Library 

US Geological Survey 

National Center 

Mail Stop 950 

Reston, VA 22092 

(703) 860-6671 

FTS 928-6671 



Library 

Flagstaff Field Center 
US Geological Survey 
2255 N Gemini Drive 
Flagstaff, AZ 86001 
(602) 779-3311 



H-l 



Speciality Libraries - Coastal (Continued) 



Main Library 

Library and Information Services 

Division 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
6009 Executive Blvd. 
Rockville, MD 20852 
(301) 443-8358 

Map Library 

National Ocean Service 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
6501 Lafayette Avenue 
Riverdale, MD 20737 
(301) 436-6978 

National Referral Center for Science 

and Technology 
Library of Congress 
John Adams Building, Room 5228 
Washington, DC 20540 
(202) 287-5670 



Scripps Institute of Oceanography 

Library 
University of California, 

San Diego 
LaJolla, CA 92093 
(619) 452-3274 

Sea World, Inc. - Library 
1720 S Shores Road 
San Diego, CA 92109 
(619) 222-6363 

Technical Library 

Naval Ocean Systems Center 

US Navy 

San Diego, CA 92152 

(619) 225-6171 

Technical Library 
Oceanographic Services, Inc. 
25 Castilian Drive 
Goleta, CA 93117 
(805) 685-4521 



Navy Library 

Naval Oceanographic Office 

US Navy 

NSTL 

Bay St. Louis, MS 39522 

(601) 688-4597 



Water Resources Center Archives 
University of California, 

Berkeley 
410 O'Brien Hall 
Berkeley, CA 94720 
(415) 642-2666 



Ocean Engineering Information Centre 
Memorial University of Newfoundland 
St. John's, NF, Canada AlB 3X5 
(709) 737-8377 

Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory 
Department of Civil Engineering 
Masschusetts Institute of Technology 
Building 48-411 
Cambridge, MA 02139 
(617) 253-2994 

Research Library 

Woods Hole Oceanographic 

Institution 
Woods Hole, MA 02543 
(617) 548-1400 



H-2 






Retrieval and Referral Centers 



Coastal Engineering Information 

Analysis Center 
Coastal Engineering Research Center 
US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment 

Station 
Vicksburg, MS 39180-0631 
(601) 634-2012 

Coastal Zone Information Center/ 

N-OR M4 
Office of Ocean and Coastal Resources 

Management 
2001 Wisconsin Avenue, NW 
Washington, DC 20235 
(202) 634-4255 

Defense Documentation Center 
US Department of Defense 
Defense Supply Agency 
Cameron Station 
Alexandria, VA 22314 

Dialog Information Services, Inc. 
3460 Hillview Avenue 
Palo Alto, CA 94304 
(800) 227-1960 

Maritime Research Information Service 
US Department of Commerce 
Maritime Administration 
Maritime Information Committee 
National Academy of Science 
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW 
Washington, DC 20418 

National Climatic Data Center 
National Environmental Satellite, 

Data, and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
Federal Building 
Asheville, NC 28801 

National Environmental Data Referral 

Service 
National Environmental Satellite, 

Data, and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration, E/AIX3 
3300 Whitehaven Street, NW 
Washington, DC 20235 
(202) 634-7722 



Coastal Information System 
Department of Environmental 

Sciences 
University of Virginia 
Charlottesville, VA 22903 
(804) 924-3809 

National Geophysical Data Center 
National Environmental Satellite, 

Data, and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
3100 Marine Avenue 
Boulder, CO 80302 

National Oceanic Data Center 
National Environmental Satellite, 

Data, and Information Service 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration 
2001 Wisconsin Avenue, NW 
Washington, DC 20235 

National Referral Center for 

Service and Technology 
Library of Congress 
10 First Street, SE 
Washington, DC 20540 

National Technical Information 

Service 
US Department of Commerce 
5285 Port Royal Road 
Springfield, VA 22161 
FTS 737-4650 

National Water Data Storage and 

Retrieval System 
Water Resources Division 
US Geological Survey 
National Center, Mail Stop 437 
Reston, VA 22092 
(703) 860-6871 



H-3 



Retrieval and Referral Centers (Continued) 

Smithsonian Science Information World Data Center A for Marine 

Exchange Geology and Geophysics 

Smithsonian Institute National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

1730 M Street, NW Administration, D64 

Washington, DC 20036 325 Broadway 

Boulder, CO 80303 

Water Resources Scientific Information (303) 497-6487 
Center 

Office of Water Resources Research 

US Department of Interior 

Washington, DC 20240 



H-4