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Vol. 5, No, 2 









I'l'Iil.ISllEI) (ilAliTKlJi.Y MV THE 


vol- V— N'O. 1. 

JAXI :AR\ . 1G04. 

Entere'l ai tbe PoBt-offici- iit t ■lijirk->i 1 1 

Primal lor the .■'aclrt.v 
B WALKER. liVANS & CU<i!i 
Charluton. .S. C. 


JrijsEPH W. Baknwkll. JIknky A. M. Smith, 

A. S. S ALLEY. Jk. 

A. S. Sat lky. Jr. 


Letter^ of Hull. H<-iirv haiirti!- t«» iiir s««ii .[••liii 3 

KecoriK ni the KfLTHhi-nr.- mt \\w. S. ( '.*, ('mitinental 

K.stal»li>liin<-nl 15 

DocuiiU'iits ('iiiK't-rniii:; Ia*v. Sniuncl Tli«»ina>. !7'»2-l707. .21 

Fr?i>cT Faiiiilv Mcnmraihla 5*5 

ilisturical Notes 5y 

NecriilniTv f;2 

N. B. Tht'Sif M \(;.\ziNi:> aiv one dollar each to aiiv one 

other than a nieniher of the South Carolina Historical 

Society. Menilujrs of tlie Soeittv rei'eive tiieni free. Tlie 

nienil>er>hip fee i> S'> per annum ahe lineal year being 

from ^[av ll.Hh. to ^lav ll«th. i. anil members can buy back 
• • I.- 

numi»ers or iluplicrates at T.^c. each. in athliti«»n to receiving 
the Mairazines. mi*ml»ci'- arc nllo\ve«l a ili-ci>unt of 25 per 
ci^nt. «>n all other public;ition> ka the .St)c-irtv. and iiave the 
fri"(* u>c of the Sociriv'> lil»rarv. 

\\\y memlxM* wlm iia^ not iVfi^iviMl tin* last nmiiber will 
i»lea-e notify the Scrrcfary ainl '{'rca-^nri r. 

Addrcs> all c<^m:nunicaiioi«-.. and mak*' all remittances, to 

A. S. SVLIJ]^, .If:., Si.e. ^.V TliKAS., 

( ir \U1 KSTO.N, S. C. 

Vti/U li^^2/i^ Urwytr 

(fa^ana J^-'^2. 








■ ■■ A. S. SALLEY, JR.. 


. ■ v .■ . . yOXUME .V. 



South Carolina Historical Society^ 

May 19, 1903 — May 19. 1904. 


IsL Yice-Pren^hni, 
Hon. Joseph W. Barnwell. 

^(L Vice-P?*(sulen t, 
Col. Zimmerman Davis. 

3d, Viee-Presidtut^ 
Henry A. M. Smith, Esvi. 

Jfth . Vice-Presid^n /, 

Hon. F. H. Weston. 
Secretart/ and Treasurer and IJhrarian. 

A. S. S ALLEY, Jr. 

Curator a : 

Langdon Cheves, Esq., D. E. Huger Smith, Esq., 

Hon. Theodore D. Jervey, Charles W. Kollook, M. D., 
Kev. John Johnson, D. D., Vates Snowden, Esq., 
Capt. Thomas Pinckney, Prof. C. J. Colcock, 

Hon. C. a. Woods. 

Board of Managers^ 
All of the foregoing officers. 

Publication Com vi ittee^ 

Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

1 Vacancy caused by death of Gen. Edward McCrady, LL. D., No- 
vember 1, 1903. 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. V. JANUAEY, 1904. No. 1. 


SON JOHN, 1773-1776. 

[Continued from the October number,] 


Addressed : M"" John Laurens 

at Mr C. Bickneirs 

Chancery Lane 
^ Ship Mermaid 

Capt Yowart 

2 D C ^~, London. 

Postmarked : Cowes 

Ship LRES 

Sunbury in (leorg^ia 27^^ March 1775. 
My Dear Son^^.^ 

My last Letter to you of tlie date of 20*** ffebry went 
by the Sand wick packet — live days after, I embarked for 
Bronghton Island where I have been passing uj)ward8 of 

rhre^ Weeks A «n now «>ii mr noaii :o Wrigtir » S&vanna 
anrt th«nceto Cbariea Town frnm wtience E AmR writB to 
yon r>y nhe <>arHear « ►ppommitv. E have aot tune at oreaent 
for a lone^ E.etter :iithoiurb ?nh jeers iire aor wantincc but 
rhroni^h rlie .nii^onduet *f die prime t^niincter •>! my larae 
C^inne BWk ."^ftke, yon r«nemh^^ her. E wa& ietaineti Luor 
tlays on^^er ;ir rhe Esunii rhaa L <*oiiid ^eil Liaive ^jpatfe*l *k have 
reached this piai^ harciy time enouiih f(»r m>ikin^ up very 
brief fiUpateheft for Capt Towarr ^use "^p The Kemuftid 
contAin** rlie procince «>t Brnn4rfat(»n Lyianii oer ^ew BEupe* 
bein^ .>.5^ BAireiw iC 7«» iiait Barrf <}t Rice tujrether with. 
101. BairellA — parr ^t Wriirhr t Savanna <.*nip. 
tell mv meniiA iCr Oswald A Mr Elliott. M^ Tncfter *nd 
if. Taylor iiow ^)rTy E run, to l>e depriviiu or an opportnniry 
of r^enrins^ rliem ^y -i /iair to their EaCiite;* in Eat>c blorida the 
ReimlntionA '»f (amiioa tor>ia it ifc I lare not lii^obev I 
hope I -iliall be a [ilierry, next dme I «.tjme tiii& way 
which will probaiiiy he in the Month of MiAy — choice ATtSr- 
maiia Eiitates are too ralnaole to be aeirtecteii OK my preisence 
JA of no small advantage to them*— 

Salate mv Dear B»)v^ Harrv oic James witli the r»xieni> 
brante of papa'.s Lov-e dt rc:£urd for riiem, E oannot write 
to them bv this opnoitnnirv but v^u ruav teil them that at 
Bron^D)n Inland ou the ±1^ in>l E 'iined on a Rock 
Piflh, a very tine une, of E.l Emrhes iuni^ oit npwani of a 
ponnd <*: half Weiirht which Carpenter John, caught in 
the Air from apward nt ^i) feet Iii^h *& it was hooked in 
the back — if they ^tant explain tiiis riddle my next shall do 

it for rhem Salnre :iiso all mv friends with mv 

he«t Complimenta *fe accept yi}nr Dear self, the repeated 
a<*flnrincc8 of the fioo^tant Love ^St Esteem of yoor faithfxd 
<fe affectionate Father. 

Henrv Laarens. 

Mr John I^nrena. 

Endorsed : ^7^^ March. 
Cap? Yowart. 



Addressed: M' John Lanrens. 

at Mr C. BicknelPs 
Chancery Lane 
^ Dutchess of Gordon 

CapJ Campbell London. 

2 DC^ 

Charles Town So. Carolina 8*^*^ April 

My Dear Son^*— ^ 

The 27^*> Ult? I addressed you from Sunbury in Georgia 
by the Mermaid Capt Yowart & the same day proceeded 
to Wright's Savanna where I found full employment for 
five days, thence came foiward by the Inland passage & 
reached our old home the 4^^ Ins^ having lodged not above 
three Nights in full view of the most beautiful Ceiling in 
the universe — I found among many other Letters which 
were waiting for me yours of the 3? January, I cannot pay 
the particular attention to it at present which is due; ^tis 
only four days you see since my arrival or return here & 
every hour of the time has been fully engaged; relading 
& returning the Canoe which you know is a tedious piece of 
business, attendance on Committees, listning to long details 
& solicitations to serve in the old character of sober Arbi- 
trator, visiting your Uncle & Sister who are both unwell with 
other affairs have reduced me to Candle light Saturday 
Night & at the same time I feel a sincere inclination to be 
lazy for the remainder of the Week, I want to sit quietly by 
yon fireside & to avoid even the fatigue of thinking — 
let it suffice therefore that I tell you, I am safe at home and 
in perfect good health with allowance for the circumstances 
above mentioned — Remember me to all friends I shall 
pay my respects very soon to several of them, i)articularly 
Salute the Dear Boys your Brothers with kisses & caresses 


Joseph W. Baknwkll, IIknry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salle Y, Jk. 

A. S. Sallkv, Jk. 


Letters of Hon. lieurv Ljiuitii.s to liis son Jnlm 8 

Keeords of the lielrl^l(•^t^ <»t the S. V.. Line. Contiiieiital 

Establisliinent 15 

Doeiiinents Concern in «; Uev. Suniuel Tlionias, 17<'2 1707.. 21 

Fniser Fjiuiilv Mein<n*rtn(ht M 

Ilistorieal Notes 59 

Neeroh»trv (V2 

N. R. Tliese M.\(;azinks are one <lolhir eaeh to anv one 
other tlian a nienilwr of the Soutlj Canilinji Historical 
Societv. Meinhers of the Societv receive tliein free. Tlie 
incnibership fee is S'5 per annum \ tlie liscfal year being 
from Mav liHlL to .Mav il'th. i. and members can buy back 
numbers *ir duplicates at 7i'»c. each. In athlition to receiving 
the Mairazines. mi'mluMs are allo\\'e<l a disrounl of :i5 per 
cent, oil all otln*r |»ublifatioii> of tlu? Society, ami iiave tlie 
free u>c of the .'^ocietv*> librarv. 

Anv mtimber who ha> ni.>t riMn.MvtMJ thi* la>t iiumlier will 
i»lea'»e notify tin; Secretary an<l Tn-asurer. 

Addn's> all communications, jind make all remittances, to 

A. S. SALLK^', »Ii;., Si.e. A: Tkiia^., 

Cn \ui LsToN, S. C. 

Yti^ hiU<j Urut^^ 

(vt^^an^ ^-^2aa^. 4». 












experience ^fe knowledge of the Conncrv will produce, cer- 
tain heavy Taxes, iniicli frand A: confasion — the plan will 
never be carried fully into execution hut all the Money pro- 
vided will be fully expended — a project calculated to gratify 
the necessities of some & the vanity of others — I hope we 
shall at least curtail it a half."^— , 

Prohibiting the exportation of all kfnds of provisions for a 
liniitted time. In our present circumstances no consider- 
able Evils can arise from this measure. 

Providing ^foney for Pavment of everv Member of the 
Provincial Congress during his attendance — calculated to 

keep some from the remote parts of the Province Quiet. 

Another i)roject which 1 am not yet at Liberty to divulge, if 
this shall unhappily be adopted, all our Estates in Charles 
Town may & probably will be reduced in Value at least 
9/10 !.^» in fact Charles Town tis a Trading City ivill be 
ruined — it will be a second Antwerp on the Scheld. 
a few of us have so successfully opposed this mad scheme as 
to obtain a delay from time to time, — I hope we shall now 
turn it out of Doors. 

An assessment of EstJites in order to Levy Taxes for public 
services — Stamping & Issuing paper Money for the pres- 
ent exigencies of tlie Colony— consequently the establish- 
ment of a Treasury i^ appointment of a Treasurer. '^—^ 
These are but a few of the Grand Articles which are to 
come before us — upon some Mens minds the consideration 
sits light & easy, upon mine the total change of Govern- 
ment before we have framed a better or indeed any regular 
Mode, has its proper weight & influence. 

My friend who so smartly replied, "he saw nothing to 
make him Cry" — see mv Letter 22? Januarv — bemns now 
to have the horrors' — ^. lie now veliemently exclaims — "our 
safety A success will be found in a virtuous observance of 
our Xonimportatioii & Nonexportation Resolutions — every 
thing beyond is liazarduus & may lead us into Ruin" 
I foresaw the Evil of taking the Ruins into unskilful hands 


& have been uniform in my sentiment? & declarations 
but I shall find a task of extreme difficulty in steering an 
honest Course I will steer no other ^ be the consequence what 
it may. 

To-morrow the General Connnittee will meet early tV: pre- 
pare matter for the Congress, if this Ship '^^ is detained & 
any important subject intervenes yon shall be informed by a 
Letter in the Evening — but I shall add no more to this save 
a repetition of my most Cordial salutes to yon my Dear Son 
& to your Brothers — Henry Laurens, 

* I have jocularly but very truly hinted to the advocates 
for this scheme that their Regiments will not be called the 
Ragged— but Naked — Regiments — We have no Cloths, 
Tents nor Blankets for them — but tis the way of us hot 
Country People to provide only for the present Season — 

M"; John Laurens. ^^-^ 

Endorsed : 30*^ May 1775. 


Addressed : Mr John Laurens 

at m C. Bicknell's 

Chancery Lane 
f^ Scorpion 

Man of War 

London — 
Via Boston 

Charles Town So Carolina 2? July 1775 
My Dear Son — 

Be referred if you please to my last Letter or Letters 

dated the 18\*» & 23^ UltV A: conveyed by the Rabbit Capt 

25 "Since our last, James Laurens, Kaq ; and Mrs. Laurens, two 
Misses Laurens, Daughters of Col. Laure^is, Mr. Robert Mackenzie, 
sen and Mrs. Mackenzie, Capt. A. Alexander and Mrs. Alexander, 
and others, have embarked and sailed for England."— 77/^' South- 
Carolina and American Oenernl Gazette, Friday, June 2, 177."). See 
also The South-Carolina Oazcttc; And (Jountr*/ Journal, Tuesday 
June 6, 1776. 


Fraser, I hare no doabt of its reaching von even if Lord North 
or LeDespeufier should first fathora its Innocent contents — the 
opportunity bj which this is to be sent is offered to me very 
suddenly & nnexpectedly by Capt Innis^ who assures me 
that my Letters shall pass unopened — I thank him for his 
politeness & friendship* but the Eing*s Decypherer must be 
very cunning if he is able to pick a plot out of my £pistle8, 
notwithstanding each of them contains at least one & some of 
them contain more — at present however my Treason will be 
very plain, I am jnst risen from Dinner am stinted to a min- 
ute for delivery of my Letters, & perceive that I have writ- 
ten to your Uncle what I might better have said to you & 
that I must fill up part of a page by writing to you what 
should have been more properly the subject of conversation 
with him, between both, though badly arranged, you will 
receive the intelligence our To\yn affords without one word 
to justify the scandalous imputation which his Majesty has 
thrown upon us of Rebellion — 

Our Summer hitherto has heev. pleasant^ constant breezes 
from Sea or fresh Land Winds have conducted us safely 
through the Month of June & we have entered July with as 
much temperance as reasonable beings in Lat: 32 & 45. can 
wish for. — I do not know what business the Medical Field 
may have in general — in my own domains thank God they 
have none — but the Sextons if nothing better for them hap- 
pens must soon come upon the Parish — Liberty & Cool 
weather are friendly to the Lungs — 

Some time ago we dreaded from the vast falls of Rain 
the total loss of our Crops of Rice & indeed a few are totally 
lost, but in general from a favourable change they are now 
good & if no disaster happens in Earing or Harvest will be 
as large as usual, the Indian Corn is still better, Wheat 
abundant and Indigo very well but what of all tliis in a port 
Locked up & the Key in Lord Jsorths pocket — I never saw 
Charles Town Harbour so naked as it is just now unly two 
topsail Vessels in it — except about five days ago when there 
was but oue — 


My Garden looks as charmingly as a Garden can look with- 
out its proper Guests, I have indeed vast increase of Mocking 
Birds. Grapes plentiful, peaches Ripe sooner & Nectarines 
better than common & very line, Figs Damsons & plumbs in 
abundance, Old Stcpny always sober, & daily refreshing 
showers, but alas! what al-e these without my best friends 
without my Sons and my Daughters — I will say no more on 
this head, but turn my Eye more attentively to your Letter 
of the 5'^ May ^ Harford & Jennings of the 25 April — the 
little Rogue writes a good hand & by your aid will advance 
if not excel in other branches of useful learning — 

I am glad you are "better pleased with the Law as you ad- 
vance in the Study*' once persuade yourself of the necessity 
for studying & you will really advance & really be pleased. 
— otherwise you may experience a worse necessity- -nothing 
more need be said to you than — Do, what you know you 
ought to do — lift up your Eyes to the Bench, to eminent 
Character, withdraw them from Idle amusements & grovel- 
ing indulgences, emulate great & good Men & you will do 
Honour to your Father, to your Country & to the founder of 
a great Family, do you give diligence & you will have no 
cause to blame nature nor fortune. 

Harry's progress is very j^leasing to me, stimulate those 
Dear Boys by every means in your power to be diligent & 
to improve in their learning, but let them & let their Coun- 
try reap some fruit from their Father's endeavours to give 
them good Education — but the minute approaches, 7 oClock 
James says is the latest Capt Luiis can keep his Packet open 
for me, I must in a word repeat, take care of your Brothers 
of your Sisters, take care of yourself, but let me hear from 
you by all possible opportunities & never omit to inform me 
of every essential matter in our American affairs as far as 
you can learn You apprehend a bloody event to our dis- 
putes there is now room to dread it more than ever, but I do 
not retreat as danger approaches, I only pray that God will 
enable me in eveiy trial to do my Duty — all will be well 


again my Son — the people in England, I mean the Ruling 
people, are wrong, they will be convinced of it ere long — 
our Constitution admits of putting such Rulers aside & re- 
storing harmony witliout hurting that Constitution — I hope 
M*^ Manning & Mr Stead have better health than when you 
wrote, my best respects to them &rto every other friend. 
My Dear Son I pray God to bless you to give you discretion 
accompanied by laudable ambition — 

Henry Laurens. 

Mr John Laurens. 

Endorsed: 2^ July 1775. 

[To he continued in the next number of this 7nagazine,~\ 


[In June, 1775, the Ist, Provincial Congress of South 
Carolina raised two regiraents of foot and one of rangers for 
the defense of the Province in case the British Government 
slionld attempt coersive measures against the Province. In 
November, 1775, the 2d. Provincial Congress added a regi- 
ment of artillery ^ and in February, 1776, the same body 
added two regiraents of rifles. By resolutions of tlie Conti 
Dental Congress of June 18th. and July 24, 1076, and of the 
General Assembly of South Carolina of September 20, 1776, 
these six regiments were taken upon the Continental Estab- 
lishment as South Carolina's quota, although they made a 
larger force than Congress demanded of South Carolina — 
larger than the relative population of the State warranted. 
The regiment of rangers was subserjuently converted into 
infantry, and on February 11, 1780, the Ave infantry regi- 
ments were consolidated into three by order of Gen. 
Lincx)ln.* The records of these various regiments are scat- 
tered. Many of them are in the Record and Pension Oftice 
of the War Department; others are in the liauds of libraries 
and historical societies; others are in private hands and still 
others have been irretrievablv lost. Many of them are in 
possession of the Soutli Carolina Historical Society and those 
are herewith given in chronological order.] 

* See issue of this magazine for July, 1902, pp. 177-179. 


[Inventory oy Capt. Blake's CoMrANT.' ] 
An Inventory of Arms, Accoutrements, and Cloathing De- 
livered Capi&in Blake's Company in 2 Regiment I January 


119 per Steale 


lMp*r Norman 




1 ' 





Peter Uptrreve Dnim 


1 1 

JoHiah Kolb 

11 ] 




Robert C<.himn 

. 1 

1 1 


Wm MoCullogb 

1 1 


Daniel Mclver 

I'llO' 110 

Andrew Adamn 


Thomas Burkett 


George Bryaaon 

1 1 


Jacob Brevier 
5 Jacob Copland 




Tiraothv Downing 

1 1 



James Freeman 

l! : 



Peter Fagen 

1' 1 


John Fenwicke 


10 Klchard 'Uoodin 



Daniel Green 


WilHam Hanson 


Samuel Horn 


Frederick Johnson 


15 Jobn Jat^son 


William Albert 




Wm Skipper Jones 
Anthony Hinds 
John Hinds 


li ! 



1 1' 1 



r 1 1 


1 This inventory is incomplete. This and the records that follow it 
under Noa. 3, 3 and 4 are taken from a mutilated book conlaining. ap- 
parently, only rerorda of Capt. Blake's company. The book has been 
much mutilated and even the records that have not been destroyed 
altogether have been much defaced, and meiiioranda of household mat- 
ters have been Jotted down among the records of the Kevolutionary 

ill 1778 


Wm Brown 
Josiah Kolb 
Robt Col man 
W«n M«Collogh 
Dani Mclver 
Peter Upgrove 
Andrew Adams 
Tho8 Burkett 
Geo Brynson 
Ja<H>b Breyler 
J Copland 
Timy Downing 
JaB Freeman 
Peter Fagen 
J no Fen wick e 
Richd Goodin 
Daniel Green 





29 Nov 78 

Wm iSanson 
8aml Horn 
Fredk Jnoston 
Jno Jackson 
Wm Jenkins 
WmP Jones 
A Hinds 
Jno Hinds 
G Knolton 
Thos I-ampley 
Jno Lyons 
J no LeTevre 
Bodk Moody 
H Mc Lean 
Wm Norman 

Ja» Oliver 
F Pickring 
Benj Reeves 
Jno Steele 
Jhon Shudy 
Tho» Smith 
AlexJ" Stuart 
Wm Sims 
Tho« Shors 
Rtepn Strecham 
Wm Tapper 
Isaac Wmgon 
Jno Whitsett 
Jno Whitaker 
Rowland Thomas 
James Oakes 
Richd Yearly 
W» Harper 
Jamea O'Neal 
Arc^^ Upgrove 
Jjuk^ KlendaU 





Exchanged 20 Jany 






Transferd to 5t^ Rev^ 



[roll of the colonel's company, second regiment.] 

Inventory of Anns &c Cloathing &c Delivered to the 
Colonel's Company 28 June & 7 September 1778^ 

Jno Roberts 

A lex I* Stuart 

Astlow 1 1 

Daniel Green 

Browo 1 

Wm Hanson 

Markey 1 

Wm Albert 

Green 1 

. Reed 15 April 1779 

Andrew Adams 

Oillins 1 

Hoses Bruce 

Connell 1 

J no Caves 

Williams 1 

Jno Caddy 

Batheny 1 

Tim Downing 

Swall 1 , 

Peter Fagen 

Jno Fen wick e 

Wilkins 1 

Richd Goodwin 

Rerj Bonett 1 

Sami Horn 

Parker I 

Jno Lyons 

Gibson 1 

Mc Lean 

Staple 1 

Wm Norman 

FenicRe 1 

. Diff t Times 

Ja» Oakes 

VVailes 1 

Benj Reeves 

Morgan 1 

Jno Sluidy 

Hagarthy 1 j 

Tho» Shoars 

Stepn Streeham 

Webster 1 ^ 

Wm Tapper 
Archd Upprove 

Ma<;e 1 

Clyatt 1 

at Sheldon 

Jno Whitset 

Taylor 1 

Geo Brynson 
Fredk Smith 

Rich»on 1 

Home 1 

Wm Cook 1. 


2 These dates have been stricken out, whether originally or by some 
mischievous hand is debatable. Although characterized as an inven- 
tory in the heading this paper was evidently never finished, but 
was tronverted into a list of the C<»loner8 Company with the 
names added of certain men subsequently recruited. 



[Receipts for Arms.] 

Received 1 July 78 of Lieut Bnker 3 Reg^ Muskets, 3 
Bayonets, & one PoucK belonging to his C<nnpany * 
Received 3 J uly of Lieut Baker T) Muskets, 6 Bayonets, & 3 
Pouches William Fletcher Q'^ Mast" Sety 

Rec^ 11 Augt 78 of L' Baker 12 Muskets 12 Bayonets 3 
Pouches belonging to men discharged from his Comp>' 

Daniel Simpson Sarj^ 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine,'] 

8 This receipt was scratched over. 


THOMAS, 1702-1707. 

[In Vol. IV. of this magazine eight letters, (written be- 
tween Angust, 1702, and April, 1706, inclusive, by Rev. 
Samuel Thomas, first missionary to South Carolina from the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 
to officers of the Society, were published. The local history 
contained in those letters is considerably augmented by the 
following copies of such additional records concerning Mr. 
Thomas as are to be found among the records of the Society 
and in the British Public Record Office. The copying of 
these records was done by the late W. Noel Sainsbury, of 
the Britisn Public Record Office, for Hon. John P. Thomas, 
Jr., of Columbia, S. C] 

[extracts from the journals.] 

[June 19, 1702, paragraphs 15, 16.] 

resolved that Mf Samuel Thomas doe attend the above- 
said Committee with his testimoniall letters in order to be 
sent to South Carolina, and in case the Lord Bishop of Lon- 
don and the said Committee be satisfied in the qualifications 
of the said M"" Thomas 

Resolved that this Society will allow him the yearly sum of 
fifty pounds to be continued for three years next ensuing 
over and ai>ove the Queen's bounty of twenty pounds. 

[June 2(), 1702, paragraphs 25, 26.] 

Ordered that Mf Samuel Thomas doc attend the said Com- 

Resolved that tenn pounds be given to the said Mf Thomas 
to be layd out in stuffs for the use of the wild Indians of 


those parts of Sonth Carolina where the said Mf Thomas is 
to reside.^ 

[July 3, 1702, paragraphs 7, 8, 12, U.] 

The report of the Cominittee relating to Mf Thomas being 

Agreed that the books subscribed by sevorall Gentlemen in 
Suffolk for the use of a Missionary in the West Indies to the 
value of £14, be given to Mf Thomas who is going to South 
Carolina, and the £13. subscribed in money by the same per- 
sona be also delivered to the said Mf Thomas he giving the 
Society credit for the same out of the Queen's Bounty 

The Treasurer reported that the £10. ariven to Mf Thomas 
for the buyitig some stuffs to cloathe the wild Indians had 
been paid according to order. 

Resolved that the summe of twenty pounds be given to Mf 
Thomas for his farther encouragement. 

[August 21, 1702, paragraphs 1, 2.] 

A letter read from Mf Samuell Thomas now at rye com- 
plaining of his misfortunes and ill usage of the Master of the 
Ship in which he goes to South Carolina.^ 
Resolved that the summe of twenty pounds be immediately 
remitted to the said Mf Samuell Thomas by Mf Hodges 
one of the Treasurers to the Society and in such manner as 
he shall think most proper. 

[September 18, 1702, paragraphs 3, 4.] 

Mf Hodges acquainted the Society that he had according to 

order remitted the sum of £20. to Mf Thomas. 

A letter was read from the said M^ Thomas dated the 

1 See pp. 280-281 of Vol. IV. of this majraziue. 

2 See Vol. IV. of this magazine, pp. 221-223. 


15^ instant at Plymouth complaining of the ill usage of the 
Siaater of the ship and of his going in another bound for 

[April 16, 1703, paragraph 11.] 

The report of the Committee about Mf Edward Marston's 
letter to Df Bray relating to Mf Thomas one ot the So- 
cietys' Missionarys to South Carolina having been read 
Resolved that it be a standing order of this Society that if 
any Minister sent over to the Plantations with an allowance 
from this Society to any particular place shall fix himself in 
any other place by the direction of the respective Governor 
or otherwise this Society will not continue the allowance to 
the said Minister until the said change shall be approved of 
oy the Society. 

[June 18, 1703, paragraph 18.] 

A letter from M' Samuell Thomas in Carolina dated 29. 
January 1702 to Df Woodward^ excusing his going among 
the Indians and praying the Society to continue him in the 
place where he now is &c. together with a bill of £20. drawn 
upon the Society and pay-able to Mf Burkit as part of his sal- 
ary and desiring £10. more which will compleat his first years 

Ordered that the Treasurer do pay the said £20. to 
Mf Burkitt and £10. more to the said Mf Thomas in full of 
his first year's allowance. 

[October 15, 1703, paragraphs H, 7.] 

A letter from Mf Robert Stephens of Goose creek in Caro- 
lina to the Lord Bishop of London was read giving an ac- 
count of Mf Thomas' arrival I in those parts as also a very 

good character of him. 

~« Vol. IV., pp. 225-227. 


Ordered that the Secretary do write to the said Mf Thomas 
to know what provision is made for him by the Governor of 

[August 18, 1704, paragraph 17.] 

A letter from M^ Thomas of Carolina to D[ Woodward 
dated 10^)^ of March 170f ^ being offered to the Society, it 
is ordered that it be referred to the Committee to consider 
how far it is fitting for the Society to continue the allowance 
of the said Ml Thomas he being in the service of Sir Na- 
thaniel Johnson and wholly supported by him. 

rOctober 20, 1704, paragraph 1.] 

A letter from Sir Nathaniel Johnson to the Lord Bishop of 
London relating to Mf Samuel Thomas was read as also 
another from his Lordship to Mf Stubbs, agreed that this 
matter be further considered when his Lordship shall next 

[September 21, 1705, paragraphs 7, 8.] 

Df Woodward acquainting the Society that Mf Samuel 
Thomas one of the Societys' Missionaries in South Carolina 
attended at the door, he was called in, and laid before the 
Board the testimonials of Sir Nathaniel Johnson Governor of 
Carolina, and a letter from the said Governor and Council to 
the Lord Bishop of London which were read; the said 
M' Thomas informed tlie Societv that Colonel Nicholson the 
late Governor of Virginia had given thirty guineas to be laid 
out in books for six Parishes in South Carolina and £20. more 
to be distributed amongst the Ministers that shall go over to 
the said six Parishes. 
A Motion being made that the salary of the third year due to 

4 Vol. IV., pp. 278-281. 


the said Mf Thomas may be paid to him. Agreed that this 
matter be farther considered at the next meeting when the 
Lord Archbishop of Canterbury shall be present. 

[October 19, 1705, paragraph 2.] 

Ordered that the case of M5 Samuell Thomas be adjourned 
till the next Meeting of the Society, and that the said Mf 
Thomas have notice to attend at the same time. 

[November 16, 1705, paragraph 2.] 

Mf Samuel Thomas attending according to order was called 
in and gave the Society an account liow he was supported in 
Carolina whilst he was with Sir Nathaniel «Tohrison and it 
appearing that the said Mf Thomas had had but a mean al- 
lowance from Sir Nathaniel and the Inhabitants of Carolina 
and that he had deserved well from the Society^ ordered that 
the third years allowance amounting to fifty pounds be paid 
to the said Mf Thomas. 

[December 21, 1705, paragraphs 4, 5, 6.] 

The Minute relating of the last Meeting relating to W Sam- 
uel Thomas being read, the Secretary reported that the 
said gentleman had attended the last meeting of the Com- 
mittee and laid before tliem h Memorial of the state of the 
Church in South Carolina which having been considered by 
them, it was agreed to move the Society that the said Me- 
morial might be read at the next general Meeting, and the 
said Mf Thomas attending was called in, and gave the So- 
ciety an account of the substance of the above mentioned 
Memorial, Ordered that the farther consideration of the 
8** Memorial be referred to the Committee. 

Agreed that the sum of fifty pounds f) annnm during 
three years be allowed to the said Mf Thomas upon condi- 


tion that the said Mf Thomas do continae in the same place 
and upon the same foot he is in at present and t}iat his 
8^ allowance do commence from the time that his last Mis- 
sion expired and that the sum of £15. be farther allowed 
towards the charge of transporting himself and family to- 
gether with the usual allowance of £10. 6. for a Library and 
for small books. 

The said M;[ Thomas acquainting the Society with the great 
abuse of employing the Negroes and other Slaves in their 
usual labours on the Lord's day. Ordered that the Secre- 
tary do lay the same before tlie Lord Bishop of Loudon, and 
ask his Lordship's advice^ for the remedying the said great 

[January 18, 1706, paragraph 7.] 

The Secretary reported from the Committee of the 7^^ in- 
stant to whom Mr Thomas his Memorial was referred, that 
they had considered of the same and agreed to represent to 
the Society that the said Memorial is a very full and satis- 
factory account of the state of tlie Church in S. Carolina, 
and to move that the s^ Memorial be registred among the 
rest of the Society's Papers for the perusal and information 
of such Members as have not seen it. the Society agreed with 
the Comittee in the s^ Report. 

[February 15, 1706, paragraph 11.] 

The Secretary also reported from the said Committee, that 
M^ Thomas having informed them of a clause in a late Act 
of the General Assembly in South Carolina past the 4*_*^ 
Nov^ 1704 entitled An Act for the establishment of re- 
ligious worship &c. importing that the Rectors or Ministers 
shall be removable by authority of certain Commissioners or 
the major part of them upon complaint made by the Inhab- 
itants &c. the Committee were of opinion that the Min- 
isters of that Province will be too much subjected to the 


pleasnre of the People, and that they therefore agreed to 
recommend this matter to the wisdom of the Lord Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury and Lord Bishop of London to take 
snch care therein as thej shall think proper. Also that 
M^ Thomas had farther acquainted them that the Governor, 
the Majority of the Council and several of the Assembly 
in 8. Carolina did assure him, that if the Lord Bishop of 
Ix>ndon would be pleased at any time to send over a Com- 
missary or Superintendent of the Clergy they would be will- 
ing to give their consent for tho repealing the aforesaid 
clause, and that he the said Mf Thomas having also attended 
the Tx)rds Proprietors of South Carolina at their last Meet- 
ing, the major part of their Lordships did declaie that they 
have already recommended to the Government of South 
Carolina the repealing the said clause of the aforesaid Act. . 
The Society being informed that the said Mf Thomas at- 
tended without, he was called in, and discoursed in relation 
to the abovementioned matters and several paragraphs of a 
printed Pamphlet containing several copies of Acts of Ap- 
sembly, Charters, Letters Arc in South Carolina were read, 
as also several clauses in an authentic Copy of tho abovcmen- 
tioned Act: and the Society having seriously taken into 
their consideration the great abuses and inconveniences that 
may arise whilst such an Act is in force in the Government 
of South Carolina; resolved that this Society will put a stop 
to the ^ending any Ministers under the direction and Allow- 
ance of this Corporation into those parts till they are fully 
satieiied that the above mentioned Clauseb in the aforesaid 
Act are or shall bo rescinded, and that the matter be put 
into an ecclesiastical Method. 

[May 17, 1700, paragraph 18.] 

The Secretary reported that he had received a Memorial from 
Mf Samuel Thomas and several letters since the last Meet- 
ing. Agreed that they r)e referr'd to tho Committee to be 
considered and reported at the next Meeting of the Society. 


[June 21, 1706, paragraph 10.] 

Also that having read a Memorial of Mf Sam! Thomaa 
containing an answer to the charge against him by Mf Mars- 
ton Minister of Charles Town in South Carolina, in a late 
printed Pamphlet, it was their opinion that there are several 
particulars in the said Memorial worthy the notice of the 
Society. And also having read a letter from Mf Stevens of 
South CaFolina relating to the affairs of the ^aid Mf Thomas 
there they had agreed that both the said Memorial and let- 
ter should be laid before the Society. The said Memorial 
and letter b«ing very long, Ordered that the Secretary do 
prepare an abstract of the same against the next Meeting, 
and in the meantime lay the originals before his (irace the 
Lord Archbishop. 


[July 19, 1700, paragraph S.] 

The Secretary produced an abstract of Mf Stevens' letter &c. 
and of Mf Thomas' Memorial, which were read. Ordered 
that the Secretary do send a copy of the said Memorial 
to Mf Marston Minister of Charles Town in South Carolina. 

[April 8, 1707, paragraph (>.] 

The consideration of the report of the Comittee made at the 
last Meeting relating to Carolina being resumed, two letters 
were read from Sir Nathaniel Johnson and the Council to 
the Society dated \(y^^_ Sept^ and 1()\^ December 1706. 
signifying their thanks for the Missionaries lately sent over 
and that rhey had repealed the Church Act &c and had raised 
tlie Establishment of their Ministers fiom fifty to one hun- 
dred pounds fJ ami: and that they wanted four more minis- 
ters and that thev had writ to 1)^ Brav to desire him to ac- 
cept the living of Charles Town Also another from 
M^ Robert Stevens to the Society dated from Goosecreek 
21. Feb: 1705/0. also another from D^ le Jau to the Secre- 


tarj dated 2. Dec: 1 706^ from S^ James Goosecreok in S. 
Carolina, giving an account of his arrival there, of the death 
of Mf Samael Thomas of the sickness of M^ Dim, of an 
invasion and defeat of the Spaniards of the great civilities 
shewn to the Missionaries by the people of the Country, of 
the goodness of the s? Country and also the Copy of an Act 
to re|)eal several Acts therein mentioned, also another Act 
entitled An Act for establishing the Church of England and 
for a maintenance for ministers &c. were Fcverally read, 
agreed that the consideration of the above mentioned letters 
and Acts be adjourned to a fuller meeting. 



We whose names are hereunder written, l)eing rc(j[ne8ted to 
deliver our sentiments of Samuell Thomas of Ballydon near 
Sudbury do most willingly declare we esteem him to be a 
person of eminent piety such his conversation spake him to 
be whilst resident amongst us, both when in his single 
capacity and in his married state, and that for diverse years; 
he now ^as we suppose) making near approaches to thirty 
And he gave proof of his great knowledge in the things of 
God, and mysteries of the Kingdom in fre(|iient Conferences 
in the Religious Society and so farr as we could discern, he 
behaved himself very prudently, and with great zeal for the 
promoting the interest of Holyness, and did exceedingly in 
his place farther the (lospel rece])ti(>n and advance, and that 
by his life, his serious advice and prossinir persuasions l>y 
which means he drew many to attend upon the preacliing of 
the word^ and to frequent the Sacrament and did shew him- 
self alway to l)e of a meek disposition and an entire lover of 

5 Pee Vol. IV., p. 285, note 5. 

« See extract from journal of the Society F. P. (}. F. P. for June 
1», 1702, ante, p. 21. 


the King, and thoroughly conformable to Ecclesiastical Con- 
stitutions and the doctrine of our Church, and whom we con- 
ceive may be very instrumental for the converting and build- 
ing up of souls through a divine assistance and blessing for 
which we heartily pray. 

Nath: Burrell of Glemsford, Rect. 

Ew. Thomas Cur: of Denham 

Saml Farr Vic*" of Stone Markett. 

Wf^'^Burkitt Vicy of Dedham. [No. XVII.] 


M|^ Samuel Thomas his Testimonials from Carolina. 
South Carolina 

By the right HonW® Sir Nathaniel Johnson Kn^ , 
Governor of South & North Carolina; and by the 
Honl>^^ Members of the Council. 
These are to certify unto all persons that the Bearer hereof 
the Rev. Mf Samuel Thomas for Fome years past hath been 
one of the Ministers of the Church of England in South Caro- 
lina and that during his residence here he hath lived a re- 
ligious and virtuous life, & by his diligent and constant 
preaching hath done much good in this Province, and hath 
now the leave and consent of the Governor and Council of 
this Province to go to England in order to settle his own 
affairs there and then to return again with his family to this 
Province to exercise his ministerial Function here, and is also 
further empowered and desired by the said Governor, Council 
and Parliament to make choice of livet*nch persons as he shall 
think fitt, learned, pious and laborious Ministers of the Church 
of England to officiate in the vacant Parishes, pursuant to a 
late Act of Parliament for the encouragement of the Public 
Worship of God according to the Church of England in this 
Province, and in the behalf of the said Governor and Council 

" 8ee extract fromjournal of the Society F. P. G. F. P. for September 
21, 1705,'an^e,p. 24. 


recomfnend sach Persons as he shall so make choice of to the 
Right Hon?^® and Right Rev: Father in God Henry Lord 
Bishop of London for his Ldp' s approbation. In testimony 
of the truth of the above written we have hereunto set our 
hands and the pnblick Seal of this Province this 21?^ day of 
April in tlie fourth year of the reign of our Sovereign I^dy 
Anne by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, France 
and Ireland Queen Defender of the Faith &c and in the 
year of Onr Lord one thousand seven hundred and five. 

N. Johnson. 
Ja: Moore 
Tho. Brougliton 
Nicholas Trott. [No. 


[account of the church in south CAROLINA.] 

A memorial relating to the State of tlie Church of England 
in the Province of South Carolina, offered humbly to the 
consideration of the Hon^}® Society for Propagating the Gos- 
pel in Foreign Parts. * 
By their humble and faithful Missionary 

Sam! Thomas. 

The first and chief Parish in South Carolina is Charles Town 
which is a large Parish and hath a very honourable mainte- 
nance for the Minister, but it i)eing at present under the pasr 
toral care of M"" Marston who hath been there for five years. 
I forbear to say anythin*< of its inha'bitants or their senti- 
ments, as to religion. 

The next Parish to Charles Town is Goose Creek ^ one of the 
most populous of our Country Parishbs containing (as near 
as I can guess) ai)out 120 faniilys in which Parish live many 
persons of con8iderai)le note for figure and Estate in the 

8 See extracts from journal of the Society F. P. (t. F. P- for Dec. 21, 
1705, and January 18, 170(), ante, pp. 25 and 26. 


Conntrj, many of which are concerned in the Government 
as Members of the Council and Assembly, most of these In- 
habitants are of the profession of the Church of England, 
excepting about five farailys of French Protestants who are 
Calvinists and 3. Farailys of Presbyterians and two Anabap- 

Here is a small Church for some years erected by some few 
of the Chief Inhabitants in which they had divine service 
and sermons & sacraments as often as they could procure a 
Minister to oflSciate. I officiated there constantly once a 
quarter at which times I always administered the Blessed 
iSacrament of the Lords Supper, the number of Communi- 
cants were about 30. of which one was a Christian Negro 

The Church of Goosecreek was very well frequented as often 
as any of our Ministers officiated there. The number of 
Heathen Slaves in this Parish I suppose to be about 200. 
twenty of which I observe to come constantly to church, and 
these and several others of them well understand the English 
tongue and can read. 

The next Parish to Goose Creek is that upon the western 
branch of Cooper River, in this Parish there are two gen- 
eral Settlements, one called by the name of Watboe and the 
other called Wampee; this parish contains about seaventy 
families, there was no church in this Parish during my stay 
in Carolina, but there is a church now building in this and 
every other Parish by order of the Government, who have 
by an Act of Assembly appropriated several sums for this 
end, In this Parish I officiated one Lord's day in the month 
& one week day in the month, in some of the Planters houses 
or in the summer under some green tree in some airy place 
made convenient for Minister and people. 

There are in this Parish about forty families of the profes- 
sion of the Church of England, and 80. Families who dissent 
from the Church, these are more generally Anabaptists, and 
they have a preacher of that sort among them, one Lord's 



day in three; my congregation here consisted of about 80. 
persons and sometimes near 100. the Dissenters frequently 
making a very considerable part thereof, they coming to our 
Churches when their own Ministers did not preach. The 
number ot communicants with the church of England were 
20. the number of heathen slaves in this Parish are about 180. 
three only of w*:^ are christians. The next Parish to this is 
situated upon the eastern branch of Cooper river which Par- 
ibh I by order of the Hon^3® Governor had the care of and 
did constantly officiate in 3. Lord's days in 4 throughout the 
year and two week days in a month, tlie number of Inhabit- 
ants in this Parish are about 100. families 80. of which are 
of the profession of the Church of England & about 20. J)ifc- 
senters from the Church, 17. of which Presbyterians, 2. 
Anai>aptists, and 1. Quaker. 

The number of those who attended constantly upon the Lord's 
day service were generally 100. and upon those days on 
which the Lord's Supper was administered 140. The num- 
r)er of Comunicants in this Parish 45, the number of hea- 
then slaves 200. of which 20. have by my encouragement 
Jearned to read and I hope by God's grace will with many 
others be fitted for Baptism and the Lord s Supper upon 
my return. Here i*^ one church already erectea (since my 
arrival) by the peculiar direction and religious care of Sir 
Nathaniel Johnson and at the charge of the Parish. The 
next Parish to this is situated ui)on a river called Wandoe, 
and contains about 100. families, 00. uf which are oi the 
profession of the Church of England and ahout 40. Dissent- 
ers from the Church which arc Prcbbyterians; licre lias liten 
a small church for sometime erected, but the Pcoi)le has 
never had a constant Minister, The congregation when there 
is a Minister to officiate consists of ai)ont 70. The Lord's 
Supper has never iieen administered: the nnni'her of slaves 
may be about 100. not one of them Christian or preparing 
for it. 
The next Parish to this is situated upon Ashly river and con- 


tains about 100. families, in this Parish there never hath been 
a Minister settled, so that at present bat few of the People 
are in the interest of the Chnreh of England; here are in 
this Parish many Presbyterians and Anabaptists, and but 
aboDt 30. families of the profession of the Church of Eng- 
land. Here has been no church nor has the Lord's Supper 
ever been administered here: the number of slaves may be 
about 150. but one of them a Christian which I instructed 
and baptized. 

The last Parish in Carolina is situated upon a river called 
Scono, it is very large and extensive being the only Parish 
in that County, which we call Colleton County, in the South- 
ern parts of this Parish are settled about 60. families of Dis- 
senters, Presbyterians and Anabaptists, but in the northern 
part thereof near Charles Town are about 40. families who 
profess themselves of the Church of England, here is no 
(yhurch nor Minister, the Lord's Supper hath never been ad- 
ministered here: In this Parish are about 150. slaves not 
any of them Christians. 

I crave leave further to acquaint this Hon^J® Society that the 
Province of S. Carolina is but very lately divided into Par- 
ishes by Act of Assembly procured by the religious care of 
our present excellent Governor Sir Nathaniel Johnson, and 
that it is entirely owing to him and the present Members of 
the Council and Assembly tliat there are any salaries settled 
upon Ministers of the Church of England, for there being so 
many Dissenters in the Province (many of which liave always 
been in the Government) it was a work of no small difficulty 
to get an Act to pass in favour of the Church of England 
clergy, especially for their having a publick salary, which 
those who dissent from us. violently oppose in those parts of 
the world. 

The present Government of South Carolina hath given us a 
very high instance of their zeal and affection for the Church 
of England as by law established, in what they have at 
present done for the encouragement of the i)ublick worship 


of God according to our most excellent Church, for the 
present war having obliged ns to be at very great charges in 
fortifying our Town, and in providing Stores of ammunition 
to prevent our being surprized hy the enemy, these with some 
other occasional charges had so emptyed the Treasury that it 
was indeed a work of almost insuperable difficulty to get a 
fund appropriated to the Service of the Church. 
South Carolina is but an infant Colony, and their Treasury 
at best but small out of which they have at present appro- 
priated £2000. to the service of the Church for the building 
six churches, and as many parsonage houses, and buying 
Glybe land, so that for every particular Parish, the Pu])lick 
disburse €333. and £50. annually for all the six Parishes, 
which considering the present circumstances is very extra- 
ordinary, and perhaps such instances of zeal can hardly be 
paralled in those parts of the world. 

I now i>eg leave to offer eonie brief remarks upon this ac 
count of the state of the Church in South Carolina to the 
consideration of this honorable Society. 

First^ By this account it is sadly evident how destitute our 
Brethren of the Church of England in South Carolina are of 
spiritual guides and Pnbiick Ordinances, and in how much 
danger they are of famishing in grace for want of the word 
and aacramonts, or to bo led aside to error while destitute of 
the public ministry to confirm them in the truth, for as cir- 
cumstances are at present in this our Province not one person 
in 20. among those who profess themselves of the Church of 
England can have ordinarily, the benefit of the word and sac- 
raments from a church of England minister, the Dissenters 
have at present 4 ministers jinion^j: them besides one Anabap- 
tist Preacher lately gone in to Carolina from Biddiford in 
the West of England, and I am informed that 3. or 4. more 
dissenting Ministers are goiii(r for Cjiroliiui in the Spring, all 
which (I humbly conceive) makes it very needful that our 
church of England mem'hers he provi<led with pious and 
painful divines such as will live exemplarily and j)n»ach ])rac- 


tically and constantly, and catechise frequently 1 hat so their 
people may not be tempted to put themselves under the con- 
duct of those who differ from us, as we have great reason to 
believe they will jf they see themselves neglected. 
I further remark to this Hon|»^« Society that altho' the Pro- 
vince of Carolina hath done very much for the encourage- 
ment of Church of England Ministers (considering their 
present circumstances) yet is the provision which they have 
made but mean in itselfe, and such as will scarce support a 
Minister and his family if there, much less will it be any 
motive to clergymen to leave England and to submit to the 
fatigues of a long and hazardous voyage while they are in any 
tollerable circumstances here in England, for the salary 
which the Country allows is but £50. ^ annum in Carolina 
money which makes but about £33. sterling and the Parishes 
not being populous their perquisites will not amount to any- 
thing considerable. It is therefore humbly begged that this 
venerable Society would out of their moet Christian charity 
and noble bounty think of making some augmentations to 
these salarys or of continuing an annual assistance to these 
Ministers which they in their great wisdom & goodness 
shall think most fit and I cannot but inform this hon^'® 


Board that the Government of Carolina hath assured me 
that as soon as it is possible to be done and their circum- 
stances will admit, they will themselves by an additional Act 
make such further provision as shall ejii)aeitate their clergy to 
live comfortably without any assistance from England, 1 have 
before observed that the (lovernment of Carolina has been 
at great pains and cost in building houses for their Ministers 
and in setting out Glebes in every parish, 1 therefore humbly 
propose to this Ilo»i*^)*^ Society that if they would think fit 
to advance any sums to stock the same Glebes with negros 
(which might be a stock unalien}i])le) it would save the So- 
ciety much money in allowini^ Pensions to their Missionarys 
and would be a verv considoraole anijnientation to the value 
of their living, it is certain the ])reF<»nt maintenance (tho' 


very liberal considering the circumstances of the Province) is 
not sufficient to encourage any person to settle there with a 
Family. 1 further remark to this Hon^l® Society who I well 
know delight in doing good and will rejoice to liear that the 
Church and Kingdom of Christ are enlarged that from the 
account that Ijath been given there seems to be a prospect of 
bringing many of the Indian and Negroe slaves to the know- 
ledge and practice of Christianity, I have here presumed to 
give an account of 1000. slaves belonging to our English in 
Carolina, many of which are well aifected to Christianity so 
far as they know of it, and are desirous of Christian know- 
ledge and seem to be willing to prepare themselves for it in 
learning to read for wiiich they redeem time from their la- 
bour, many of them can read in the Bible distinctly and 
great numbers of them were learning when I left the Prov- 
ince, and that which I have often reHecled upon with pleas- 
sure is, that among many of our ignorant slaves there is a 
great freedom from immorality, so that in some Plantations 
of fifty or sixty slaves we find not a drunkard, nor a profane 
swearer among them, which aversion to vice, I hope maj' be 
some preparation for Christian virtues, when they shall 
know their duty and obligations thereunto and the means of 
attaining them, now if every one of these Parishes be so 
happy as to have a prudent, pious and zealous minister set- 
tled in it, they might very easily redeem time from their 
fetudys for the instruction of these poor slaves and I verily 
belie ire and hope by God's ]>lessing many of these might be 
brought into the folds of (Hirist, were we so liai)py as to have 
men of true piety, zeal and })ru(lence sent upon this evangeli- 
cal design. There ih but one remark more whicrh I shall 
trouble this ven^!** Bodv with, and that is tliu diilerent tem- 
per which a Minister in tlie Province of ('arolina will find in 
the people belonging to liis charge, tor here in every Parish 
are many professing Christianity and many heathens, among 
our English inhHi>itant> arr nniny of c'onsi(ler«i)le learning, 
good judgment and acnt«» ])arts, and nianv very ignorant and 


mean in their attainments, again there are some truly re- 
ligions and conscientious and others haters of religion and 
practical Godliness: yet further there are some who are 
heartily in the interest of the Church of England, and un- 
derstand and approve its constitutions, and there are others 
who are not positively determined as to their choice who 
have not actually put themselves under the Conduct of either 
our Ministers or of those who differ from us, and there are 
lastly more than a f»3w that do dissent from us and join in 
comunion with the Presbyterians, Independants and Ana- 
baptists of all which there are considerable nura])ers in the 
Country, and this I humbly remark to this ven^?® Society 
that hereby they may bo the more sensible of the necessity 
there is of their Missionarys being duly qualified to treat with 
all possible advantage with Persons of this differing temper 
and profession. I humbly say that I found by experience 
that by a diligent application in the dutys of my Function, and 
with the blessing of God upon my endeavours, the labours 
of my ministry have been effectual upon those under my 
charge. I count it no small happyness that I have been en- 
gaged in this Christian .employment under the encourage- 
ment of this Ven^^® Society and I now return to offer not 
only my own thanks for their generous allowance but also 
the thanks of the whole Province who are very sensible of 
the obligations they owe to this hon?^® Society and indeed 
during the whole time of my Mission I have had such fre- 
quent and blessed opportunities of doing good and such real 
love and respect from my People that I purpose with all speed 
to return thither with my wife and children, and tho' the 
maintenance already settled be but small for the provision 
of a family, and the transporting my family will bo a very 
great charge and burthen, yet I dou])t not init God's Provi- 
dence will support me comfortjii)ly, and I humbly recom- 
mend my present circumstances to the consideration of this 
truly hon^.'® and charitable Society not presuming to make 
any particular request after they have so liberally encouraged 


my past services, but with hearty prayers for all possible 
anccess to tlieir most noble and christian pains, 1 subscribe 
myself with profound respect and gratitude their faithfnl 

and humble Missionary 

Samuel Thomas. 
P. S. There is one thing more which I think it my duty 
to observe to this HonV^® Society and it is a relation J re- 
ceived from a Master of a ship belonging to N. England 
who acquainted me that the last year, there went out Bat- 
cbelors of Arts near 20. yonng men from their college, all 
or most of whom he assured me would gladly have accepted 
episcopal Ordination if we had been so happy as to 
have had a Bishop in America from whom they might have 
received it, but being discouraged at the trouble and charge 
of coming for England, they accepted of authoritys from 
the Dissenting Ministers and are all dispersed in that way. 
[No. LXXIV.] 

[MR. Thomas's remonstrance.] 

Mf Samuel Thomas's Remonstrance in justification of him- 

To the Honorable Society for Propagating the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts. * 

The hnmble Representation of Samuel Thomas their diligent 
and faithfull Missionary, containing a jutt vindication of 
himself from the falee Calunmys of M**. Edward Marston 
Minister of Charles Town in South Carolina with a true 
character of the- said Mf Marston, honeslly designed to pre- 
vent tlie venerable Societvs r)eing inii)ofed upon bv his mis- 
May it please this Hon^^® Society 

With all due respect and humble submission to this 
Ven^}^ Body I beg leave to make my just defence against 

• See extracts from journal of the yiK-ieiy F. P. G. F. P. for May 
17, 1706, and June 21, 1706, ante pp. 28 and 29. 


the unjust and false charges brouglit against me by M' Ed- 
ward Marston Minister of Charles Town in South Carolina 

in a late printed letter of his, I have not seen or read the 
said letter, but the substance of those partieulai-s which con- 
cent mjself were read by the most reverend President in 
the Vestry at S^ Lawrence the last time you convened there, 
and are as foUoweth. 

1. That I did not settle among the Yamonsee Indians ac- 
.. cording to your design in sending me. 

2. That I removed Mf Kendal who he intimates upon my 
.. arrival and proceedings became distracted. 

3. He would insinuate that my ignorance of the Canons and 
Constitutions of the Church of England and want of cour- 
age to reprove vice, were the things which most recom- 
mended me to the favour of the Government. 

I beg leave to make the following answer 
First, as to my not going among the Yamonsee Indians, I 
acknowledge that the circumstances of these poor was men- 
tioned to me by my Lord of London and Df Braj- before I 
left this Kingdom, they were represented as a sort of civil- 
ized Indians well disposed for tl)e reception of Christianity, 
and I must confess that I thought tlie design of bringing 
poor dark heathens to the Knowledge of Christ and his holy 
religion by w^.^ they may attain eternal salvation, did appear 
to me so highly acceptable to Almighty God, that I was very 
glad of and much affected with my mission and did design 
to pursue it with great vigor and an humble dependance 
upon Almighty God for Ilis assistance and blessing. 

By the great Providence of God I arrived safe in the 
Province of South Carolina, upon the day of our Blessed 
Lord's nativityAimo Din. 1702. at which time war being 
proclaimed with France and Spain I found these very In- 
dians in conjunction with our Carolina Forces gone upon an 
Expedition to S^ Augustin a Spanish Fort in Florida about 
300. miles from our English Settlements in South Carolina, 
they did indeed in a short time after my arrival return from 



thiri Expedition, but they beiug settled upon our Frontiers 
between us and the Spanish Indians, having been engaged in 
a state of war ever since nothing being more coiniaon than 
their and the Spanish Indians making frequent incursions 
npoii each other in the Night, that all Persons who knew 
these Indians assured me that they had neither leisure or dis- 
positions to attend to Christian Instructions, and that a Mis- 
sionary could not in this time of war reside among them 
without tlie utmost hazard of his life, it being common for 
the Spanish Indians to steal upon them in the night and kill 
Bome and take others Prisoners, and these Prisoners are some 
of them burnt alive and others sold to the Spaniards for 
slaves; this was one great discouragement to my settlement 
among them during this war. 

Secondly that the Indians understood not the English tongue, 
that their language is barbarous, savage and extream diffi- 
cult to attain, there being no grammar or rules for the learn- 
ing that particular Indian tongue, so that it would probably 
take up one year at least to attain any tollerable knowledge 
thereof, and then even when one has attained to a perfection 
therein, yet is this language utterly void of such terms as we 
express the most necessary truths of Christian religion in, 
they have no word for God or Heaven, or Kingdom for a 
Mediator or for his death and satisfaction, and many other 
things of greatest importance in Christian Religion, and this 
I was fully convinced of by a Translation of the Lords 
Prayer into that language which was performed by a gentle- 
man who had long traded among tlieni and was a com pleat 
master of their tongue, where insted of Our Father which 
art in heaven, the best j^ense that he could make of it in 
their words was, Our Father whi(;h art a top, and instead of 
Thy Kingdom come, he tranlat»:s thy great Town come, 
which I conceive are very improper expressions to convey 
to them the genuine sen.-e of tliis most divine prayer, the 
great improbability of anv snccess upon this account also was 
another discouragement to my settling among them. 


Thirdly I did not settle among the Indians because I found 
as great numbers of Heathens who stood in equal need of 
Christian Instruction and were much more capable of re- 
ceiving it than these Indians, I mean the Negroe and In- 
dian Slaves in our Parishes. 

The several Nations of Indians in Carolina are generally 
small, most of them not consisting of more than fifty, the 
Vamonsea Indians are indeed more numerous there being, as 
I am informed near 200. of them. Admit then that a Mis- 
sionary were qualified to converse with them in their own 
tongue, yet would he after all his pains be capacitated to 
treat with but one Nation of Indians, and if that one Nation 
will not hearken to Instruction (as we have just reason to 
fear) then is all his labour in attaining their tongue lost, for 
every Nation of Indians lias a diflferent dialect and that so 
independant on each other that the being a perfect master 
of one Indian Tongue is not the least advantage toward the 
knowledge of another, so that suppose I had denyed myself 
the comforts of my life as a Christian, the benefits I mean of 
•God's Ordinances publickly dispensed, and had hazarded 
my life and health by living among these poor Savages, and 
in one years time had made myself perfect master of their 
Tongue, after all I should have been capacitated to treat 
with one Nation of Indians only, and yet as I observed before 
have been at a very great loss for words to have expressed 
things of highest concern, Whereas there are in the Pro- 
vince of South Carolina somewhat more than one thousand 
slaves, eight hundred of which can speak English toUeiably 
well, and are capable of Christian Instruction, many of 'em 
are desirous of Christian knowledge, great numbers of these 
can come to the places of our Publick Worship, and as I have 
formerly acquainted this VenV^® Body, there is a probability 
of enlarging the Church and Kingdom of our dear Lord very 
considerably by bringing these heathens to the faith, whenever 
we shall be so happy as to have our Parishes supplied by 
men of true piety and zeal, who will with great diligence 


and an hamblc dependance upon Alniightj' God set about it. 
Of these heathen Slaves I iiad in the Parish of which I was 
Minister at 200. a number greater than tliat of the Yamon- 
sea Indians and I had a much fairer prospect of doing good 
among them than among the Indiars. If it be asked what 
service I have done among these Heathen Slaves, I answer, 
I prevailed with several of them to cease their ordinary woik 
upon the Lord's day, a thing very comnjon among them be- 
fore my time J I persuaded them to put them selves under 
the means of Publick Christian Instruction, many of them 
by my encourageml have learned to read, 1 informed seve- 
ral of them in their duty to God and to one another, and I 
found they made conscience of practising accordingl}-, some 
few of them by my instructions became delirious of baptism 
and by God's blessing upon my endeavours lit subjects of 
that Holy Institution, accordingly I admitted them into the 
Church thereby, and that I did not much more for them in 
which I might have been like to have had success was not for 
want of a will but for w-ant of leisure and opportunity being 
obliged to such frequent exercises of the dutys of my Func- 
tion among our English Settlers as I shall show more fully in 
my next particular; this then is the third reason which I 
offer for the satisfaction of this Ilonl*^® Body why I did not 
go among the Yamonsea Indians, i)ecause I found a greater 
number of poor heathens in the Parisli where the Providence 
of God directed my residence who were more capable of re- 
ceiving Instruction than the Indians, and more like to be 
influenced by it. Certainly all endeavours of propagating 
Christian religion among Ileatliens are very laudable in the 
sight of God and good men, but I beg the freedom to say 
that I am well assured that any impartial man who knowelh 
our American Plantations, must and will say, that it is as great 
a charity and mucli more ])racticable to propagate Christi- 
anity among our poor .shives in our own Plantations as 
among the wild Indian^ in the woods, and will further eon- 
elude with mo that if Missionaryjj be sent to seek Indians in 


tlie Woods and our poor slaves be neglected at home, as 
they have been for time past, then the fairest prospect of 
promoting Christian Knowledge is neglected, and that pur- 
sued which is attended with insuperable difficulties and the 
highest improbabilities, I further add that I verily believe 
this Honor^^® Society will lind by experience that those Mis- 
sionarys which they send among and confine to the Indians 
will but lose time and receive their salarye for no service. 
Fourthly, the last reason which T humbly ofiPer to your con- 
sideration for my not pursuing my Mission to the Indians is 
the great and pressing necessitys of many of our poor Chris- 
tian Brethren in that Province w^ho were in a spiritual sense 
almost famished for want of the word & Sacraments. 
Soon after my arrival in the Province of South Carolina 1 
went to wait upon our Governor Sir Nathaniel Johnson, who 
after he had informed me of the impossibility of fulfilling 
my Mission as it related to the In iians for the reasons first 
mentioned, with very great kindness invited my residence at 
his house to officiate duly as Chaplain and to read Prayers, 
preach and administer the Holy Sacrament to his Neigh- 
bours upon the Lord's day, who stood in very great need of 
Ministerial Instruction; Sf Nathaniel lives at the head of 
Cooper River, a river the best settled of any in the Country, 
and from his dwelling down so far as Charles Town which 
is near sixty miles in length are some hundreds of Eng- 
lish settled, and here was no Minister beside myself: 1 
found the first time I ])reacljed amongst them that my poor 
labours were very acceptable to them, and did excite in them 
a vehement thirst after God's Ordinances ministeriallv dis- 
peuRcd These People tiad never enjoyed a settled 
Minister, the Lord's Supper had not once been 
administered to them (many of their children were un- 
baptized, a great nnmber of people for want of spiritual 
guides were gone over to the Anai)a])tists and to other Sec- 
taries and which is vet worse many of 'en) had almost laid 
aside the profession of religion and forgot that they were 


Christians by name, the Lord's day was ahuoet universally 
profaned, and many scandalous irregularities abounded, 
Children were brought up in the grossest ignorance for want 
of catechizing, in a word the people who were born of Chris- 
tian parents, being in such a wilderness and so destitute of 
spiritual guides, and all tho- means of Grace were making 
near approaches to that heathenism which is to be found 
among Negroes and Indians; in this deplorable state I found 
many in this poor Province, but finding them desirous of my 
poor assistance, and there being no other Minister in the 
Province from whom they could have help I did conclude it 
my duty to continue among them and Lam very well assured 
this Hon^'® Society would have concluded so too, had they 
been eye witnesses of their misery as I myself was. 
I doubt not but you will grant that to ]>revent the growth of 
impiety & heathenism among Christians, is a service by 
which Almighty God is as highly honored as by propagating 
Christianity among heathens themselves, pious and serious 
persons in the Province did exj)ressly declare to myself and 
others upon all proper occasions that I certainly did that 
which most redoun'd to the honour of Almighty God the 
true interest of religion, and they thought to the satisfaction 
of my Sui>eriors too, by staying among the poor distressed 
English who knew how to prize and improve njy ministerial 

If it be asked how I employed my time and what service I 
did among these English I answer I bless (lod His grace 
enabled me to show myself a diligent and faithful Missionary 
among them. The parish was lar;^e and 1 was o])liired to 
preach to three congregations so that I could i)e with each 
congregation but one Lord's day in three, and finding that 
the people stood in need of more constant instruction I 
preached a lecture on the week day to that Congregation from 
whom I had been absent n])on tlie Loid's day, so that I had 
three sermons to preach every week on tlie Lord's day I read 
morning & evening service and ])reached both parts of the 


<lav and catechized and ex|)]ained the Catechism every Lord's 
day all the summer bcasiin, there being but few Ministers iu 
the Province whenever I came into those parts which wore 
wliolly destitute, 1 called too^ether as many of the neigh- 
bours as I could and read to them divine service and 
preached, instructing them in some necessary duty and ex- 
citing them to proper christian practices; my time was 
wholly employed in the dntys of my Function, in visiting the 
well and the sick, in instructing the ignorant, in baptizing 
children and in j)reparing for my Lord's days performances* 
I bless God I wiis not altogether unsuccessful in my en- 
deavours for I i)revail'd with the greatest part of the people 
to a religions care in sanctifying the Lord's day which be- 
fore my coming among them were more generally profaned 
many of 'em did by my direction and encouragement set up 
the worship of God in their own families to which duty they 
had been perfect strangers. The Lord's Supper had not 
been administered here before iny time, and after I had 
taken much pains upon my first coming among them to in- 
form them of the nature of tliis Holy Ordinance and their 
o]>ligation8 to participate of it I could procure only five to 
communicate with me which by God's blessing did after- 
wards increase to tlie number of forty five, 1 bless God I 
saw a visible abatement of immorality and profaneness in 
the Parish and more general prevailing sense of religion than 
had been before known, 1 got a school erected in my Par- 
ish for the education of youth and maintained five poor chil- 
dren there upon charity and had procured a fund to pay for 
their learning for one whole year when I left the Province. 
These and many other things of publick usefulness did Al- 
mighty God make me the happy instrument of; I had in 
modesty fori)orn to mention these particulars had I not been 
constrained by the unjust and false representations which 
were given of mc by W Marston to give tliis account of my 
Proceedings and their success, tluis I have given this 
Ven^**® Society a satisfactory account (I liOi)e) of the reasons 


of ray not going among the Yamonsea Indians, & also how I 
did emph>y my time while I continued their Missionary in 
Carolina, ujwn the whole I hope this hon^J® Body will see 
that there is some reason as I am sure there is much truth 
and sincerity in all that I have said, I hope this hon^}® So- 
ciety will give their Missionarys a very strict charge to la- 
boar with great diligence in the conversion of the Indian and 
Negroe slaves in their respective Parishes, which is a thing 
very practicable & I doubt not but by God's blessing they 
may be very successful therein, and it is this hope together 
with a just respect to those of our poor Bretliren who are in 
that wilderness scattered as sheep without a shepherd that 
encourages my return to them with great chearfulness. 
It is indeed much to be lamented that the generality of our 
Planters are no great friends to the design of giving their 
slaves Christian instructions but it may be in the uower of a 
minister to gain their consent by proper and prudent appli- 
cations to them. 

And here I cannot but intimate to this hon^*^^ Society that 
those two persons Captain Xairn and Mf Steevens who pre- 
tend to a great zeal for propagating Christianity among the 
Yamonsea Indians, have not evineed the least (Christian con- 
cern for their own ignorant slaves at homo, of wliich they 
have many residing in their houses and so iniirnt witli much 
ease be instructed, but I am very well assured ]\I^ Steevens 
has not done the least this way, nor did I ever hear that 
Captain Nairn hath, so that the Society has the let-s reason 
to credit their complaints who are so haekward in that them- 
selves which they would have another attempt, tho- jitteiided 
with the greatest difficultys and the hiu:]icst iniprobahilitys, 
so much for answer to the first chargi\ 
2. He saith I removed Ml Kendal ifcc. 

For Mf Kendal I tVumd him minister of that Parish 
which is situated upon the west(?rn ])raiieh of Cooper river, 
his character with all solx^r people thro'ont the Province' was 
very mean, but he beiu^ now dead I am willin«i: to be silent 


as to all further account of his behaviour. The general re- 
port in Carolina was that Mf Kendal had formerly been dis- 
tracted in Bermudas, of which I do not pretend to give any 
positive proof, for I never thought myself otherwise con- 
cerned in his distraction than as a Christian to pitty him and 
pray for the restoracon of his reason, had I once imagined 
that any one would have had malice enough to have charged 
me with being the cause of his distraction which was never 
done before I should have enquired more particularly into 
his former temper: its the height of falsehood and injustice 

in Mr Marston to say that I removed him or contributed any- 
thing designedly thereunto, for I do assure this hon^^^ Society 
and will engage to give them the best authority for what I 
say that the Country can produce, upon my return, if they 
require it, that I never came in IP KendaFH Parish to preach 
or to visit his peopl(3 or to perform any duty of my Function 
among them during his continuance with them: and why 
Mf Kendal should be the least disturbed that one of the 
vacant Parishes which extreamly wanted a Minister should 
have a supply by -my labours is not easy to imagine. I 
think any good man should have rather rejoyccd that the 
peoples spiritual necessities were supply ed, and that they now 
enjoyed what they long wanted Ministerial instruction and 
God's holy ordinances publickly dispensed. 
Mf Kendal was indeed distracted sometime after my arrival 
and his distraction continued for about 3. weeks, after which 
he recovered the use of his reason and declared to his friends 
his inclinations of returning again to Bermudas, whereupon 
application was made to tlie chief Inhabitants of the country 
to furnish M"^ Kendal with a sufficient sum of montjv for to 
pay the charges of his voyage, and for his other conve- 
niences, and nij^ny of the gentlemen contributed very liber- 
ally, so that I believe he had about forty pounds given him 
gratis to render his circumstiincos easy and satisfactory, least 
the want of monev should i)e anv disturbance to him and 
bring ui)ou him again iiis former indisposition, and with this 


provision he volnntarily went off the Conntry to Bermudas 
and afterwards from Bermudas for England and was unhap- 
pily cast away in the West of England near Falmouth, 
sometime after his removal from Carolina, the people which 
he left made their application to me, entreating my assist- 
ance to preach sometimes among them, to baptize and in- 
struct their children and to administer to them the blessed 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, and by the consent of my 
former Parish I had liberty to be with them one Lord's day 
in a month and because 1 found they stood in need of more 
frequent instruction I erected a lecture among them upon a 
week day once in a month also, but all this was done long 
after Mf Kendal was removed and gone off the Countrey and 
this is the real and true account of my proceedings with 
relation to M^ Kendal. As to what Mf Marston saith of 
the Countrys injustice and unkindness to several other Min- 
isters of the Church of England, they being all gone off the 
Country before my arrival, and I having no personal know- 
ledge of them I think myself not concerned, but there is a 
debt of justice & gratitude which I owe to the People of 
Carolina and it is this : to affirm that ]M^« Marshall the 
widow of that Rev. Mf Marshall sometime of Barking in 
Suffolk, and myself are living testinicmies of the civilities 
and kindnesses of the People of Carolina to ^^i^iste^s of the 
Church of England who demean themselves well and as be- 
comes their sacred Function. 

3. He seems to insinuate that niv eonnivaiicu at vice and 
ignorance in the Canons cV: Coiistitntioiis of tlie (Minreh of 
England were the things which most reconuneiidcMl me t<> the 
favour of the Government. As to the iirst T hloss God mv 
conscience testifyeth for me tliat I did not siifler any pub- 
lick vice in any person 'belongino: to my cliarire, to }>ass with- 
out a just censure faithfuliy repre.-cintiiig to nj\ i)e()})le f n^m 
the authority of Holy 8eni)tme the evil aifd danger of a 
vieious course of life, and whenever I preached (as 1 did 
occasionally) before the (4overnor and and before 


the Chief Justice at our Grand Sessions I made it mv care to 
represent to them fairly and fully whatever I found to be ^ 
their duty as Christians, and as persons placed in such sta- 
tions and entrusted with such authoritys, and did without re- 
spect of persons represent in their proper colours whatever 
crimes I knew any of them to be guilty of, with great affec- 
tion beseeching them, for God's sake, and with a due re- 
spect to the PubHck, to walk worthy their profession as 
Christians, and their dignity as Magistrates. As to my 
knowledge of the Canons and Constitutions of tl e Church of 
England, Mr Marston can be no judge, having never exam- 
ined me, but I dare appeal to him or to any other person in the 
whole Province to accuse me, if they can, of having acted in 
anything contradictory to the Kubrick or Canons of that 
excellent Church of which I am an unworthy Minister, or of 
omitting in the whole course of my Ministry in that Prov- 
ince anything that I am obliged to as a Minister of the 
Church of England as far as it is prac'.ticable in that Infant 
Colony, [f it be said that this is only my own Testimony, I 
do offer this Venerable Board that if what Testimonials I 
have already brought from Carolina be not sufficient for 
•their satisfaction, to get upon my return the truth of all that 
1 have written attested by Persons of the most known hon- 
our, probity and reputation of any in the Province. 
1 am I hope as hearty a Petitioner for the grace of humility 
as any man, and as unwilling to say anything of myself which 
may have the least show of vain glory, but S^ Paul was com- 
pelled to boast when falsely accused : give me leave then 
humbly and tliankfully to say that Almighty God was pleased 
to make me the happy irjstrument of enlarging His Church 
by i)ringing many into its Communion, by confirming many 
wlio were wavering, and by reforming some who were ir- 
regular & profane, of all which I could if need recjuired give 
more than a few particular instances: J most heartily desire 
that God may have the giory of all the t^ood tiiat I»ath i)een 
done i)y me, to Him alone it is due. 


In the last place I think it is dow my duty as circnmstaDces 
stand to give this ven^3° Society a few hints of M*^ Marston's 
character and conduct, to prevent their being imposed on by 
him and his false representations to the prejudice of Christ's 
Infant (church in that Province and to their own dissatisfac- 
tion when matters may be set before them in a just and true 

And here I solemnly profess that what I here represent is 
not from any disrespect to his person, I heartily wish well to 
him and his family: and as a Christian I do freely forgive 
the injury he has done me in his printed letter, and none 
should rejoyce more than myself to see his tem])er and con- 
duct so altered that there might Me a happy reconciliation 
between him and his people; it is a very unpleasant task to 
me to give any account of the man and his seTice of matter, 
in which I shall be as brief as possibly 1 can, consistent with 
my duty and obligations to this Society and to the Church in 

M' Marston is a north (Junntrv man, born and lived sometime 
near New Castle as himself saith : he was crurate in a Country 
Parish in Northtonshire at the time of our happy revolution 
effected by King William of blessed memory, but Mf Marston 
being a fast triend of King James's refused to take the oath 
and as himself e hath aeknowledtr^^'d to ino shewed so i^reut 
a violence against the Government, and so warm a zeal for 
the abdicated King James, as that the civil Mai^istratc of the 
place was obliged to take notice of him. and he was sometime 
imprisoned for the lil)erty he had iriven his tonirne in lailiiiir 
airainst the GoverTiment, he continued a Non juror for manv 
years and gave sad evi<ieuces of his uMcliariiaMeMe>s to those 
Bishops & Clergy who ha<l submitted to KiuL*- Wiiliaurs au- 
thority, himself told nie that he (lid refu>e toi^otn church after 
he was obliged to leave his cure, he saitli lie .served (tod ;is 
acceptably at home, lie being much atHicted for the iruilt, 
which he snpposed the Nation had contracte<i by suiiniittiriir 
to King William's Government, re>oIved u|Mm kecjuni:: a fa>t 
from flesh till such time as the rit(htful heir, as lie supposed. 


shonld reassuirie tlie Imperial Crown of England, and this 
fast as be has told me and several others, he kept inviolable 
for seven whole years, bnt being reduced to some necessities 
he was under great temptations to eat such provisions as he 
could procure contrary to his intentions before either King 
James or the pretended Prince of Wales, returned to Eng- 
land ; this account of himself and his proceedings he has for- 
merly taken great delight in giving myself and several others 
have often heard him boast of this long fast. It so fell out 
that Mf Marston being reduced to the greatest necessitys 
imaginable that at last he bethinks himself and takes the oaths 
to King William to whom he had declared himself a very open 
enemy, after this qualirication he comes for Carolina about the 
year 1699. and who could choose but wonder to see so violent 
an opposer of King AVillianrs authority swear allegiance to 
him, had he but given any tolleral)le proofs of his honesty 
and sincerity here in, all good men would have approved his 
proceedings in this last particular, but insted of that he shew- 
eth himself the same enemy to the Government after he had 
sworn fidelity to it, that he was before, takinir all opportuni- 
ties to cry up the late King James and the Jacobites, whom he 
generally termed the honest men of England, and railing very 
scanda lousy against King William, the Bishops and Parlia- 
ment then in being; this he did so frequently and publicklv 
in the ship in which 1 came for Carolina, that he and some 
other gentlemen on bord who were better friends to the Gov- 
ernment than he, comenced very violent quarrels upon this 
head, which were not reconciled when they came ashore in 
Carolina, insomuch that his constant applauding King James, 
the King of France, the Jacobites and Papists, and his vile 
reflections upon King William and the pious Bishops and 
Clergy of this Kingdom had gained him the general reputa- 
tion on board of being a Koman Catholick ;'Jof which he had 
given very shrewd cause of suspicion, by the use^of a crucifix 
and by his justification of the papist custom of crossing them- 
selves, as M^ Ileyrn a considerable Planter now in'the Coun- 
try did very commonly report of him, and did everwuth great 
seriousness say that he saw him use a crucifix in his private 
devotion in his cabbin, this Mf Heyrn is yet living in Carolina 


and hath given this p»cconnt of Mf Marston to myself and to 

several othei^s. 

This My Marston has upon all occasions shewed the greatest 
disrespect to those of our Bishops who were advanced to that 
dignity by King William, particularly lie has so indecently 
railed against the late Bishop Kiddar and did express himself 
so nnchristianly when he heard of liis death, as is not proper 
to repeat, he joyns with many of iiis sense in reproaching the 
late most Rev. Archbishop Tillotson, the present right Rev- 
erend Bishop of Salisbury &c. 

With some diflSculty he got himself erected Minister of 
Charles Town, some short time after his arrival, which was 
because there was not another Minister upon the 8j)ot, nor 
any that they knew of like to come in, I shall not entertain 
this hon^'® Societv with an account of his ill conduct in that 
post to the great prejudice of the Church in that poor Pro- 
vince, only I must not omit leting you know that he has 
always shewn himself the same disaffected person to the Gov- 
ernment which he was at first and continues in his conversa- 
tion to approve and defend his own and the Jacobites pro- 
ceeding in their non submission to King William's authority, 
his temper has ever been most imj)roper for that part of the 
world where heates and violence & insolence will be as inef- 
fectual as anywhere. 

His frequen t practice for many years has been aln»ost every 
Lord's day to preach against the Dissenters whom lie treated 
with so much roughness and severitv that thev had whollv 
deserted the Church, and were become verv irreat enenivs to 
his person and ministry, and were wont to speak of him in 
very indecent terms of disrespect : the Church at ( 'harh^^ 
Town which in Mf MarslialTs time was well frequented is 
now almost wholly deserted through M^Marston's impru- 
dent conduct, and the Meetings are thronged, and too many 
stay at home, because they will worship God j)ublickly in 
church only, and cannot come there without being shamefully 

It will appear indeed very strange that the Dissenters are of 
late become Mf Marston's friends and advocates, as for our 
dissenting Brethren, I have as great a value for men btrietlv 


conscientious among them as any man has, and many can 
witness for me that I liave in treated them witli dne respect 
and tenderness, but in this afiFair I must sav what all who are 
upon the spot in Carolina cannot but discern, it appears that 
tliey are now friends to Mf Marston against whom they have 
been such known enemys because the supporting him in his 
place will promote their interest and increase their numbers. 
The true character of Mf Marston is, that in his judgement 
he is a violent Jacobite and great enemy to the Government 
in Church and State as settled under King William, very 
warm & uncharitable to Protestant dissenters and very fre- 
quent and bitter in his pulpit invectives against them ; very 
imprudent in his conduct by which he has greati}^ prejudiced 
the Church of England interest in Charles Town, very impe- 
rious in his carriage to all in general and very rude and inso- 
lent in his behaviour to the Government offering such af- 
fronts as authority will by no means bear tho' lodged in the 
hands of men very humble and of a good temper; this 
ven^.^® Body may if they desire it have satisfaction that this is 
a just and true character of Mf Marston from under the 
hands of persons uni)yased and of known integrity and repu- 
tation, such as may be depended upon. I know that many 
pious and honorable in that Province who have not thought 
themselves obliged to encourage a man of Mf Marston's prin- 
ciples and practices will be much concerned to think that the 
Province and myself should be so misrepresented as we are in 
this printed letter. I pray God inform Mf Marston's judg- 
ment^, aright and give him grace for the future better to gov- 
ern his turbulent and imperious temper, tliat he may do God 
and his church yet some service in ("arolina, for if he con- 
tinues what helms been manv will conclude that it had been 
better for him and manv in that IVovince if he had never 


come there. 

I am with ))rofound respect and gratitude 

Honor? Gentlemen 
Your humble obedient and 
faithful ]\[issionarv 

S. Thomas. [No. LXXIX.] 


[the queen's BOUNTY.] 

Bishop of LoDdon to W Treasurer 

~ July 3. 1702 

My Lord 

These three persons Mf Patrick Gordon, Mr John Bar- 
row & Mf Samuel Thomas, the first for New York the 
second for Connecticut and the third for (Carolina being 
appointed for Her Maj. service to go Chaplains to those re- 
spective places & being forced to depart before they could 
solicite for the Queen's bounty of £20. each I have procured 
the bearer Mf Chamberlain to lay down the money & 
humbly intreat your Lordship to reimburse him upon the 
usuall account Mv I/)rd 

Yof LorP8 most obedient humble Serv! 

II. London. 
Addressed : To the Right IIon^*« 

the Lord Godolphin Lord Treasurer 

Endorsed : 14: July 1702. Ordered. [P. R. O., Treasury 
Papers, Vol. 80, No. 94.] 



My Father, Alexander Fraser, was the only son of John 
Fraser (John ffrasser) who was born at Wilton County Gallo- 
w;ay Scotland, and came to Carolina about 1700. (He is 
mentioned in Hewitt's ^ history of South Carolina as a 
Trader with the Yemassee Indians in 1715, and lived near 

John Fraser married Judith Warner of Rhode Island, and 
had four children. He died in Charleston, S. C. 14. Janu- 
ary 1754. His widow died in April 1772. ^ Their children 
were : 

Alexander, above named born 1722 died 6 Mav 1791. 
Judith, died unmarried 1 May 1763. 

Susan, — who married Charles Lorimer a Scotch Minister and 
died in England — at Shooter's Hill, Kent, IQ June 1785. 
Ann, who married William Cattell, 31 July 1746 and had 
two sous Benjamin and William. William left no issue and 
Benjamin married a Maryland woman, ^ and has descendants 
in that State, and one also residing in South Carolina, Col. 
William Cattell. — Ann married a second time Col. Owen 

iH-e-w-a-t was the way Dr. Alexander Hewat, this historian, spelled 
bis name. It seems that no one else will agree with him on that 
spelling o( his name. 

2 **The same Day'* [Tuesday preceding] '*also died, Mrs. Judith 
Fraser, Widow, also a Native of this Province, «ged 83 Years.'^ — The 
South-Carolina Gazette, Thursday, April 9, 1772. *'Mrs. .ludith Fraser, 
whose Death was mentioned in this Paper of the 9th, was only 74 
Years of Age, not 83."— Ibid, Thursday, April 23, 1772. 

3 Benjamin Cattell married Mary ("Polly'^ McCall, of Philadel- 
phia, in 1772. (See The South- Carolina Gazette, Thursday, July 30, 
1772.' After his death his widow married, in 1784, Gen. Mordecai 


Roberts, of the Continental Array, and he was killed in a 
battle at Stono Ferry, S. C. 20^une 1779. Ann died in 

Alexander Fraper was married twice, first to Ann Harvey, 
10. Nov. 1749, by whom he had one son, John born 25 
Sept. 1750 and died without issue in 1786. Uis second wife 
was Mary Grimke daughter of Frederick and Martha 
Qrirake, whom he married on 20 March 1755. 
Of my maternal Grandfather Grimke I have but little infor- 
mation. He was born in Germany and emigrated to this 
country in 1733, at the age of twenty eight years. I have 
the following memorandum in his handwriting, found in my 
Mother's pocketbook : "F. G. whs born 12/23 October 1705, 
and married Martha Emms Williamson on 22 May 1737. A 
daughter was born on Tuesday morning between the hours of 
6 & 7, 12. September, 1738, named Mary, christened 13. Oc- 
tol>er 1738. Another daughter was born about 2 o'clock Sun- 
day morning 29 November 1741, named Eliza, christened De 
ceml)er 1741." 

Mary married Alexander Fraser, d, 3 Jan. 1807 ^ 
Eliza married John Rutledge, d. 6 June 1 792. ^ 
Frederick Giimke died 20 October 1778, and his wife 
Martha in 1764. He was the first person at whose death the 
bells of Saint Michael's CJhurch were tolled. 

The Charleston*^ Gazette said of Grimke at the time of his 
death. ''We join in the general suffrage of all who had the 

* **Died, CD Saturday evening last, in this city, in the 68th year of 
her age, Mrs. Mary Fraser, relict of the late Alexander Fraser, 
'Esfi^^—The Times, Tuesday, January 6, 1807. 

5 Died.] Yesterday niorniug, Mm. Rutledge, the wife of the hou. 
John Rutledge, Esq; chief justice of this state. "--T/j^ City Gazette 
& Daily Advertiser, Thursday, June 7, 1792. 

^^Breakfasted with Mrs. Rutledge (the Lady of the Chief lustice of 
the State who was on the Circuits) and dinf»d with the Citizens at a 
public di Dr. given by them at the Exchange."— Extract from The 
Diary of George Washington (Richmond, 1861) for Tuesday, May 3, 

6 The Charlestown Gazette, 


Iiappiness of being acquainted with tliis worthy character, in 
saying that he was hospitably benevolent, generous." 

The following is taken from the Family Bible, — children 
of Alexander Fraser and Mary Qrimke. — 


B. 1 Jan. 1756. 

D. 9 Sept. 1756. 


2 Sept. 1758 

20 Apl. 1798. 


•28 Apl. 17607 

30 May. 1814. 


28 Aug. 1762 

21 Oct. 1816. 


29 Nov. 1763 

27 Aug. 1846. 


17 Aug. 1765 



15 Apl. 1767 

5 Aug. 1769. 


10 Oct. 1768 

31 Aug. 1819. 


19 Feb. 1770. 

6 Mch. 1812. 


31 May 1771. 

16 June 1771. 


24: July 1772 



28 July 1774: 

5 Sept. 1845. 


Nov. 1779 

31 May 1781. 


20 Aug. 1782 

5 Oct. 1 860 ». 

7 **Married.] Brigadier-General Mordecai Gist, to Mrs. Mary 
Cattell. — William Fraser, Ksq; Attorney at Law, to Miss Sophia 
Miles, of St.Bartholomew'sPariah.'^— r/ie Gazette of the State of South- 
Carolina^ Thursday, February 5, 1784. 

8 Two biographical sketches of Charles Fraser, the dlstiuguished 
artist aud lawyer, of Charleston, are printed in the back of the 
Catalogue of Miniature Portraits, Landscapes, and Other Pieces^ Executed by 
Charles Fraser, Esq. (Charleston, 1857.) One is by Dr. R. W. Gibbes 
and the other by Hon. George S. Bryan. Mr. Fraser^s Reminiscences 
of Charleston were published in Charleston by John Russell, in 1854. 


Revolutionary Soldiers. — The following extracts from 
Sontli Carolina newspapers furnish parts of the records of 
some of the soldiers of South Carolina in the Revolution : 

'The Hod. the continental congress, have appointed John Lewis 
Gervais, Esq; to be Deputy Paymaster General in this Stale. They 
have also appointed Edmund Hyrne, Esq; of the South Carolina 
First Regiment, to be Deputy-Adjutant-General. And 
Stephen Drayton, Esq; to be Deputy Quarter- Master General.'* — The 
Gazette, of the State of South-Carolina, Wednesday, December 23, 1778. 

*'We are informed from Savannah, that about Christmas last, a 
gang of banditti came to a house on Daufusky Island, where Capt; 
Martinangel of the Royal Militia was lying sicic, and whilst two of 
them held his wife, another, named Israel Andrews, shot him dead ; 
they afterwards plundered Mrs. Martinangel and her children of 
almost every thing they had. — These wretches came from Hilton- 
Head; they stile themselves the Bloody legion, and are commanded 
by John Leaycraft. The following is a list of the gang: John 
Erving, Lewis Bona, Daniel Savage, Christian Kankin, James De- 
vant, John Bull, James Erving, James Allan, Charles Floyd, Isaac 
Davids, Nathaniel Gambal, William Chiswell, Thomas Roberts, John 
Mongin, sen. John Mougin, jun. David Ross, Patrick M'Mullin, 
Isaac Bolder, Meredith Rich. John Fendon, William Scott."— 7/^^ 
Royal Gazette, Charles Town, 8. C, Wednesday, January 30, 1782. 

**Jnly 3, 1786. 
The Persons who have done Duty under the following Oftif^ers, and 
are returned in their separate Pay Bills, are desired to make out their 
separate Accounts for Pay, and deliver them duly attested to this 


PAY BILLS, viz. 

Bowie Jolm Capt. I nd. Inf. Montgomery, Evans, Dunlap 6l 

Barron Jobn, as Lieut, and Capt. Ilorton's, Capts. in Col. Ker- 

Cochrau Thomas, Lt. C('l. Hick's shaw's regt. 

regt. Pettey Luke, Capt. 

Copeland, Wm. Capt. Sinquefield Sam. Capt. 

Cbapliu Thomas, Lt. Somervels George, Col. Ker- 

Do. do. Capt. shawls regt. 

Easley, John, Lt. Col. ThomaH Taylor. 5 pay bills. 

Falls John, Capt. of the different ('ai)t8. for duty 

Garvin John, Capt. done in his regt. at Orange- 

Graybill Henry ])urgli, the Four-Holes, <fe in the 

Graybill Henry Forks of Edisto 


Graybill Henry Capt. Carnal Durham in Col. Rd. 
Hunter David, Capt. Col. Ham- Winn's regt. 

mond's regt. Capts Charles Durham 

Hudson Thomas, Capt. Araniana Liles 

Henderson Tyre Robert Frost 

Jones Edward, Capt. Amos Davis 

Kennington John, Capt. William Hui»hes 

Murphy Daniel, Capt. John M*Cool 

Martin George, Lt. Andrew Gray 

Moore James, Capt. Edward Martin 

Moore James. lit. John Turuer. 
Murphy Morris, Lt. C. 


Clerk to the Commissioners," —The 
State Gazette of South-Carolina, Monday, July 10, 1786. 

Opkrations of Williamson's Brigade in March, 17V9. — 
The following account of the operations of General Andrew 
Williamson's brigade in March, 1779, is taken from T/te 
GazetU^ of ike State of South-Carolina for Wednesday 
April 7, 1779 : 

** Yesterday we were favoured with the following aceoimts of the 
first operations of our militia, under the eomuiand of Brigadier Gen- 
eral Williamson, communicated in letters from the camp in the interior 
country, headed hy his Excellency our Governor. 

FIRST, dated April 3d, 

'David Tait, Esq; one of Mr. John Stuart's indefatigable Depu- 
ties in the Creek Nations (and now called General, by the enemy) 
having advanced, with a large Body of Creek Indians, about 40 dis- 
atfectetl Cherokees, and several as savage white Men, as far as Ful- 
som's Fort, on Ogeachie, to join the Enemy in Georgia, and assist 
them in carrying their execrable Plan into execution, for the indis- 
criminate Destruction of def^^nceless Men, Women and Children 
(wliich can never be avoided where Indians are employed); and 
Brigadier General Williamson, of the Militia of this State, having 
Intelligence thereof: he lately detached Colonel LeRoy Hammond 
with two small Kield Pieces, to go with Colonels Pickens and 
Dooly, into that Country, and endeavour to prevent so fatal a Junction. 
Col. Hammond accordingly entered (Jeorgia upon this Business; but 
the Enemy beini; apprized of his Approach, on the 2lth ult. at 8 in 
the Afternoon, abandoned and burnt the Fort, and ran off towards 
the Nation ; except about 70, who still attempted to j:et to tlie Enemy: 
However, Colonels Hammond and Pickens, the next Morninjr about 
10 o'clo(?k, came up with some of this Party, and notwithstandins; 


their Address, killed 8 and took 8 of the white Savages, with no other 
Lnss than Major Ross of their Detachment wounded. Amongst the 
killed, are iw » principal Headmen of the disaffected Creelts; and 
anion^rst the Prisoners, u son (>f Mestisiqno, the Big Fellow, another 
Creek Chief. The 80th Col. Hammond and his Detachment returned 

to the General's Camp with the Prisoners.' This proves, what 

the Militia can do^ when they heartily set abrmt their Duty, and observe 
that Discipline which is es.'^ential to Success; and what might have 
l>een done, with their Assistance when Col. Campbell, by his March to 
Augusta, risqued a full half of the British Army in Georgia to a 

Second, Dated April 4th, 

'Geireral Williamson having ordered a Detachment of Horse under 
the Command of Lieut. Col. Kly Kershaw, acting in Conjunction with 
Col. Twig's <»f Georgia, (in all about 200 Men) to cross Savannah 
River at Beach -Island, in order to facilitate the Operations of Cols 
Hammond and fMckens in the upper Parts of that iState; he crossed 
the River accordingly, but not without being discovered by some 
Persons who gave Notice thereof to the Knemy: Lieut. Col. Prevost 
ordered Major Spurgeu of the Carolina Lr.yalists, with Major Sharp of 
the Georgia Militia, to attack our Detachment. On the 31st of March, 
at S oVloi-k in ihe Evening, the Parties met, the Woods being very 
open and the Moon shininjr bright, the Enemy, amounting to about 
200, attacked our People, and to it they went. The Engagement 
lasted two Hours, when the Enemy gave Way, leaving Spurjion and 
several otheis dead on the Field. Our Party pursued them 2 Miles, 
and. till they were within 7 of the Enemy's main Body, and after 
destroying a Stockade Fort which the Enemy had occupied, returned 
with Sharp, mortally wounded, and several other Prisoners. Sharp is 
since dead. Our Party sustained no other than 3 Men wounded 

none dangerously.' If ail our Militia will only imitaie these how 

soon might we not remove the Enemy from our Sister State, and pre- 
vent a Deluge of Blood, by the British King's Indian Allies." 

TiiK Jews of Charleston. — Dr. Barnett A. Elzas (toiitiimes 
iiis t^uod work on the history of tlie Jews of Charleston. His 
latest contribution to the siil)ject is a compilation, in hook 
form, of the tombstone inscriptions in three Jewish hnrving 
grounds witliin .the limits of the city. p]aeli set of inscrip- 
tions is prefaced by an historical sketch of ihe huryinir ground 
from which tliey were taken. The i)ook is thoroiitrhly in- 
dexed and makes a valuable addition to the genealotrical iite- 
ratnre ot South Carolina. Dr. Elzas is now hnsilv eni^aired 
on bis forthcoming volume on the Jews of Soutli Carolina. 


Edward McCrady, President of the Houth Carolina His- 
toriial Soriet.v, died at bis residence. No. 7 Water Street, in 
the City of Charleston, on Sunday morning, November 1, 
1908. He was born in Charleston, April 8, 1888, and was 
the pccond son of Hon. Edward McCrady (1802-J892) and 

Louisa Rebeeca Lane, his wife; received his preparatory 
trainini? at the school of Samuel 15nrns in Charleston 
and was graduated from the College of Charleston 
in 1858; studied hiw in his father's office, was ad- 
mitted to the bar in Columbia in May, 1855, and 
immediately entered upon the practice of law with 
liis father. He took an active interest in the militia and in 
May, 1854, was elected major of the Ilitle Battalion (Char- 
leston), South Carolina militia. The next year 'he WTote 
several articles on the necessity of militia reform, which led 
1o his apy)ointment on a commission, created under a reso- 
luticm of the General Assenddy of South Carolina in 1859, 
to examine the militia system of the State. In 1860, he re- 
signed his commission as major of the Rifle Battalion and 
accepted the captaincy of a company of guards. His active 
service in the State military establishment began with the 
taking of Castle Pincknev (Charleston Harbor), December 
27. 18G0, and ended with the surrender of Fort Sumter 
(Charleston Harbor), April 18, 1861. He entered the ser- 
vice of the Confederate States. June 27, 1861, as captain of 
the Irish Volunteers, of Charleston, — the first company to 
volunteer "for the war'- — and was ordered to Virginia in 
July, 1861. and in August, followinir, joined the First 
(Orefrc:'s) Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers: was pro- 
moted nmior. December 14, 1861, and lieutenant-colonel. 
June 27, 1862. When the crreat battles around Richmond 
bejran. soon after. Col. McCradv was in Richmond, sick in 
bed. but he determined to ioin his command in the field and 
so expressed himself to his nhvsician. who nositivelv re- 
fused to mve his oermission. nssurimr him that he could be 
of no use in the lines find predictiner denth as the nenaltT of 
the atfeinDt. Nevertheless, although too weak to ride on 
horseback, he hired a carriaae and had himself driven to 


the lines, joining bis brigade just as tbe battle of Cold Har- 
l>or l)egan, and reported to Gen. Gregg for duty. As be was 
unable to walk Gen. Gregg ordered bini to serve on bis staff, 
so that be migbt remain mounted. In tbis manner be sbared 
tbe fortunes of bis brigade during tbe action, rendering val- 
uable services, but fainting tliree times upon tbe field, but 
after tbe battle be was taken back to bis sick bed, in Ricb- 
inond, to linger for weeks witb ty])boid fever. On July 80, 
1862, altbougb scarcely recovered and still very feeble, be 
i-ejoined bis regiment and commanded it at tbe battle of 
Odar Run, August 9tb., and at Second Manassas, August 
2Stb., 29tb., and 8()tb., being severely wounded in tbe bead 
on tbe hist day. Narrowly escayiing deatb from tbis wound. 
he missed tbe Maryland (*ampaign, rejoining bis brigade 
during tbe affair at Snicker's Gap, October 80tb., after its 
i-eturn from Virginia. He was present for duty at tbe battle 
of Fredericksburg, December 18, 1S02. and rendered good 
service in assisting in tbe repulse of tbe Federal attack on 
CJregg's brigade, in which (Jen. (Jregg was killed. On Janu- 
ary 27, 1S(J8, at cam]), ou Morse's Nc<k, he was seriously in- 
jured by a falling tree, and rendered unfit for further action 
in field duty. Rejoining his command several times only to 
find himself physically disabled and unfit for duty, he saw 
the last actual engagement at Mine Run, Decemlier, ISO.S, 
and in March, 1864, was transferred to the command of the 
ramp of instruction at Madison, Florida, where he served 
until April, 1865, when on his way to rejoin the Army of 
Northern Virginia, be heard of Lee's surrender. He sur- 
rendered himself on May 5th.. following. In October, 1S65, 
be resumed tbe practice of law, in copartnersbip with his 
father, in Gbarleston. In 1S()7, he organized the Survivors' 
Association of Charleston, and in 1S61) succeeded Col. 1*. i\ 
Gaillard in the presidency. He was also chairman of the 
Kxecutive (^ommittee of the Stat<' association in 18()0, and as 
such commenced tbe work of recovering and collecting his- 
torical materials of the wnr. In ISTO lu* ninde a repoi-t to the 
meeting of the Survivors' Association at Columbia whi<-h 
forms the basis of all the inforinntion we now have of tin 
troops of this State in Confederate service*. 

In 1H8(), Col. McCrady was eh'cted to tlu* House of Rep 
resentativcs of South Carolinji from Charleston County and 
was re<"dected in 1SS2, 1SS4, 1SS(;, ISSS. In 1SS2, he intro- 
duced and carried through the Legislature^ an Act to estab- 
lish a Confederate War Records bureau in the* olli^-e (►f Ad- 
jutant and Inspector ricnc^ral for South Carolina and to 
this he presented all of the great nuinber of recoi'ds which 


lie had collected. He also took an active part in the passing 
and i)erfecting of the railroad laws of tiie State, the stock 
law, the *'bill to prevent duelling", and inti'oduced the reso- 
lution endorsing civil service reform. He was chairman of 
the Committee on Privileges and Elections and a member of 
the Judiciary and Railroad committees. 

In 1882, he w^as appointed a major-general of South Caro- 
lina militia, and had much to do with bringing the militia 
of the coast region up to a high state of efficiency. He took 
part professionally in all the political trials of the period, 
resulting from the Reconstruction oppression, and raised 
the question as to the test oath to jurors, arguing that as 
"Rebellion'' was a crime in the eyes of the law, no one could 
be asked on his ro/r dire, after having been brought into 
court by subj)cpna, whether he had been guilty of rebellion — 
a point which was subsequently sustained by the Supreme 
Court of the United States. He took an active part in the 
defense ai the stockhoIdei*8 of the banks broken by the war, 
and made, before the Supreme Court of the United States, 
an argument which is said to have gained the case for the 
stockholders. His services in these cases, and his ai'gu- 
ments in the McKeegan and Davie will cases, with others, 
placed him in the front rank of the bar of the State. 

The political campaign of 1876, which resulted in the elec- 
tion of (Jen. Wade Hampton as (lovernor and the complete 
transfer of the State to the hands of the wiiite people of the 
State, — a campaign in which Col. McCrady rendered valu- 
able services — did not alter the relative numerical strengths 
of the two races in the State. The negroes were still vastly 
in the majority, and their return to power, with all that 
their government of the State implied, could only be pre- 
vented under the then existing election laws by the constant 
use of questionable and demoralizing methods at the polls. 
A choice between fraud and violence was all that w^as left to 
the most conscientious white nuin, and the constant recur- 
rence of struggles to be decided by such means w^as endan- 
gering the political virtue of the purest and best men in the 
State. Besides, it w^as only a question of time, when such 
methods would involve the State with the General Govern- 
ment, and result in the loss of all the ground gained in 
1876. Renlizing this situation Col. Mc(^rady instituted a 
fight to remedy the evil. In 1879, he i)ublished a pamphlet on 
''The Registration of Electors ", and this he followed in 1880 
by his juldress before Erskine College, at Due West, on 
*'The Necessity of Education as the Basis of Our Political 
Svstem" and in 1881 bv his essav on ''The Xecessitv of Rais- 


iiig the standard of Citizenship, and the Right of the Gen- 
eral Assembly to impose qualifications upon Electors ", 
wiiich was widely distributed throughout the State. Ilav- 
iug thus prepared the public mind for the change, he sub- 
mitted lo the committee appointed on this subject by the 
iJeneral Assembly in 1881, a draft of the '"Eight Box Ballot 
Law/' After a long and bitterly contested tight in the Leg- 
ishiture the bill was passed and became a law. This was the 
tirst attemjit at ballot reform in this section. It was the 
first step toward an educational qualification for voters, and 
the wisdom of Gen. McCradv has been fuUv sustained bv 
the fact that since the passage of his bill almost every South- 
ern State has made education a constitutional reipiiremeni 
for voting, thus legally and properly disfranciiising a great 
majority of the negroes of the Southern States. 

Soon after the reorganization of the South Carolina ilis- 
torical Society, in 1875, ('ol. McCrady was elected a member 
thereof. On August 0, 188.*^, he read before the Society a 
paper on ''Education in South Carolina Trior to and during 
the Revolution'', in which lie conchisiNely -Ji-ovcd that John 
Hach A[cM aster had shown gross ignorance of the subject 
when he stated in his History of the People of the United 
>^tates, that in South Carolina ''prior to 1730, no such thing 
as a grammar school existed. Betwcn^n 1731 and 177G there 
were five. During the Revolution there were none.-- At the 
annual meeting, May 19, 1886, Gen. McC.'rady was elected a 
Curator of the Society; was re(Me<*ted in 1SS7 and 1888 and 
in 1889 was elected Second Vice-President. In 1895, he suc- 
4-(»eded Mr. J. J. Pringle Smith as First \'ice- President and 
on January 7, 1899, was elected President, succ(vding Rev. 
i'harles Cotesworth Pinckney, D. 1)., LL.D., deceased. 

in 1897, The Ma(*Millan ('ompany, of New York, published 
the first of a series of four volumes on the history of Sonlh 
Carolina, \yhich proved to be the gr(»atest achievement of 
Gen. McCrady 's life. T1h\v wci-e: The Historj/ of Sttuth 
Carolina under the Proprietari/ (iorvnuucut, H>7^>-1719 
(1S97); The HiMton/ of Soifth Carolina under thr A*o//f// 
aorermnent, llWllliy (1.^99) ; The Histori/ of i^oiith Caro- 
lina hi the Revolution, /77.7-/7N0 {VM)l) ; and 77/c Historj/ of 
>ionth Carolina in the RrroJntion. 17S0-17S,1 i 1902). 

On February 24, 1S(J3. Col. McCrady was mairicd. at 
Chester, S. C., to ^lary Fras<'r l>avi(s daughter of Major 
Allen J. Davie, an officer of the War of I SI 2. and grand- 
daughter of Major William R. Davie, a fanions leader of 
North Carolina militia in the Revolution and suhscMinently 
a general in the Cnited States Army. Minister to France, 


and Governor of North ('arolina, who 8urvives him. They 
liad no children. 

At a called meeting of the Managing Hoard of the South 
('arolina Historical Society, held at the room of the Society, 
on Wednesday afternoon, January i:3th., at 5 o'clock, the 
following preamble and resolutions were unanimously 
adopted : 

WuEREAS, Since the last regular meeting of this Society 
the death of its late President, EDWARD Mcd^VDY, LL.D., 
D. ( '. L., has occurred, and marked one of the greatest per- 
sonal losses it has ever suffered. He was the foiu»th in suc- 
cession of our Presidents; had been a member of the Societv 
for many years, and its I'resident for tive years. 

Distinguished in the pra<tice of I^aw, in legishitive and 
military service above many of his contemporaries, he applied 
himself, at the close of a long and useful life, to the writing 
and publishing of *'The History of South Carolina.'- This 
work, in four volumes, covers more than one hundred 3'ears, 
from the settlement of the (.'arolinas to the end of the Kevo- 
lutionarv War. Onlv one who has loved his native State, 
as he did, could have felt the long neglect of her history, by 
lier own people, the slurs and slanders of alien authors, the 
richness and glory of her abundant and extraordinary re- 
co)ds. Only one fitted by edu(*ation, patient and determined 
labor, by trained discrimination in evidence and judgment, 
c<mld have carried through the painstaking examination 
into original authcu'ities, that enabled him to complete a 
work of su<'h im})erishable value. 

Others may give, as they have already given, unstinted 
praise to the author of this history ; the j)eople of South 
Ciirolina, and other States, may unite in their encomiums; 
but the members of this Historical Society feel it to be their 
peculiar privilege to record their deept»st obligation to the 
author, and their sorrow at his recent decease. 

Mfiy such an example as he has left us b(»ar fruit abun- 
dantly in the coming years I ^fay the men and women of our 
time and their childn^i after them l(*arn that it is not 
cjKuigh to be South Carolinians, or even to <'herish their 
honored genealogies, but that their distinction should 
oblige* them to do, as well as to be, to achieve, if they can, 
something for the State as worthy of remembrance as the 
grejit woi-k of our late President iind much lamented friend. 

TiiKRKFOKi:. by this meeting of the ^fanaging Poard of the 
Snulli Carolina nist<»i*i(al Societv. dnlv convened, be it 


RESOLVED : That the above Tribute to the memory and 
worthiness of their late I'resident be spread upon the Min- 
utes, and that a blank page therein be inscribed to his honor. 

KESOLVED : That a copy of this Tribute and these Reso- 
lutions be prepared by the Secretary and sent to the Widow 
of the det*eased, with assurance of the Society's deep feeling 
f4 r her in her bereavement and affliction. 

Henry Alexander DeSaussure, a member of the South 
t Carolina Historical Society, died at his home in Charleston, 
JS. C, on Sunday, November 29, 19U3, at noon, after an ill- 
ness of several weeks. 

He was the eldest son of Gen. Wilmot G. and Martha 
^Goui'dinj DeSaussure and was born in Charleston, August 
12, 1851. He was graduated from the College of Charleston 
in 1872 and almost immediately thereafter began the study 
of law. Admitted to the Bar in 1874, he became a partner 
with his father and the old law lirm again became ** DeSaus- 
sure & Son'-, and so continued until the death of Gen. De- 
is^aussure in 1886. In January, 1887, Mr. DeSaussure was 
apfiointed Assistant United States District Attorney under 
the Hon. LeRoy F. Youmans and Judge Sinionton, and held 
the office until the close of President Cleveland's first admin- 
istration. In that position, as in his private practice, he 
gave the most careful study to cases, and worked with extra- 
ordinary assiduity and industry. 

Mr. DeSaussure from early manhood was devoted to Free 
Masonry. He was Past Master of Union Kilwinning Lodge, 
Xo 4 ; Past Venerable Master of Delta Lmlge of I*erfectiou ; 
Past Wise Master of Bnist Chapter, No. 1, Rose Croix, and 
32-Degree Knight Commander of the Court of Honor. 

When Charleston had to look to her citizen soldierv for 
protection. Mr. DeSaussure was an enthusiastic militiaman, 
and succeeded the late Capt. F. W. Dawson in command of 
Ihe Washington Artillery. 

Sprung from distinguished Huguenot ancestry, 'Sir. De- 
Saussure inherited a keen interest in family annals, and was 
one of the most accomplished and accurate irenealoirists in 
the South. He recognized the intimate connection of genea- 
ologv with history and biographv. and his jniblished re- 



searches, as well as a vast amount of data and documents 
bearing on local history and genealogy, whicli he has lett 
behind, are of great interest and value. He was one of the 
Vice-Presidents of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina, 
and a member of the Cincinnati and the St. Andrew's 

Probably the oldest law office in the South closed with 
the death of this scholarly Charlestonian. His great-grand- 
father, Chancellor Henry William DeSaussure, had an of- 
fire on Broad Street. Almost a century ago his grandfather, 
Henry A. DeSaussure, began the practice of the profession 
at what is now known as 23 Broad Street; his father. Gen. 
Wihnot G. DeSaussure, during his whole professional life, 
studied and worked in the same rooms, and there he himself 
''scorned delights and lived laborious days'- ever since he 
was '* called to the Bar." 

'Tassionate for ancient truth, and honoring with religious 
love the ijreat of elder titnes", Mr. DeSaussure inherited the 
courtly manners and high ideals of his forbears, unfitting 
him, perhaps, in a measure, for supreme success in this age 
of sharp commercial and professional competition. His 
friends will never forget his many kindnesses and attentions 
which received a fresh charm from the gracious manner in 
which thev were tendered, and his familv will ever cherish 
his life-long devotion to their interests. 

Mr. DeSaussure never married. His venerable mother, 
three sisters and two brothers, Dr. P. Gourdin DeSaussure 
and Mr. John Boone DeSaussure, survive him. 

pl'blicatio.ns ok the sol'tii carolina 

histouic:al society 

T'olk-ctioiis of the Suutli Carolina IIi>torio>il Soi-ietv. 


Voliimu I. ls:,7. S2 (M) 

C 'itlloctions of the Sinitli ('aroliuii Historical StK'it'tv. 

Vol u. Ill- II. is:,s. A:>.oo 

( 'oll«.-crion> of the Soiitli ("arulina Ilistoiiral StKMetv. 


^'MIullH• III. I^r»t». Out (»f j»nnt. 

( 'uli»'c!i(Hi.s of thcf Smith Carolina Historical Societv. 

\'t»lufiir I\'. IssT. Unbouiid, S2J»n nouinl. s;5.(k) 

( 'Mlh'rrjinis of the South Carolina llistorit^al Society. 


\'..lunie V l*^l»7. Paper, S2.n() 

i )ratioii ilelivereil on tiie thiril anniversary of the South 


<';in»lina Historical Society, l»y Jaines L<iui^ IVti;:ru. lsr>H. 

^Ionj'»ir «»f Profe^scir F. A. Por(*hei, late Pn-siilent of the 
S.>oi«.rv. I>Ni*. 2oc. 

.MHirnal of a X'oyaire to ( 'harle>to>vn in So. Carolina by 
IViatiah Wehster in' 1 :<;:,. Ivliie.j hy Prof. T. P. Harr'i- 


-oil. iv.»<. :>{)(', 

Th«' History of the Santee Canal. liv Pn»f. F. A. Porcher. 
WiTji an A|»[»en<li.\ l»y A. S. S.illry, .Ir., ll*n;j. 4nc. 

'I'll*' South Carolina Historical and (icn«*aloiricai Matra/ine. 
Iviited l)v A. S. Salley, Jr. Vn'imnr I. P.»«M). 

rnlH.un-L s|JM» 

roNTKNTS: I.i'tter tVoin Tlmnias .K«Il.r-on toJU'luc \Villi:oii I<»lin- 
^i>ii. iJ-!'J: .Mi^sion of Col .Inlm l,;iU!tMi^ lo !.un»jM- in !ls|,|:; n^ 
i::-. l.",l, -ji;} -J'i'i, ;{ll lys-i: l*a|MT-.»l tin- !':i>' < MUii«-iI ..f >nU"s '.r iht. 
L'l-vohitiotKiry Partv in ^oiith < .in.lin.i, .Imsk- .\««v« miImj. "IT"'. Ji i*'. 
nil i:;.>, l>*y'Jl*i. 'JT'.tinu: Thf r.iill I'M!: ii\ ..r -omi, (;..;.. lii, ,.;.: m.i 
H«M.k Reviews and Nolii-f.-. HI '.«; !•: .-iijinL'— . '.'l '.'s. !.-.;. ::;.■.•;;.;:;.. 
.•.♦♦»:;.M: Xolesand QiM-rir-^.!*^ !"•:. 1 : i is-..-.;: ::. .:ij .■ :«, ! i.. - •. 
* '.irolihsi Historical Sorifiy. !«»7 lis '^.i ;^ . .;: -;-..:;.: .\ i 
War iNN'unient, lol-l.VS: I',1:i1m- i.| ^ ."r! « .n... 
lion- K«H-eiveci, 172 174. •.'::.:!:•;. .;'.■ ' ,.. -.. .. 
.[ohnsiMi to Thomas J»'!l«r-«'ii. .*•»•'» :• I •- i: . 
>o<-iety. •J-':3 l**;*7 : MiiMltlo!, .: - .:.'.. .;. 
U*r from C^oy. (inerard t » « . K « : i: ;. : . 
in .South (.':u' >nna, ;{***"» ^Ul • •• i .:•... ... 

Tiie South (.'arolin.i l':-- ■ » 

Edited hv A. S. S.-il'.-.. .1 . \ • :• ;. 

. ■ ! • • I ■ • 

• 1 _• ■ \\ I . . : : . 

I ■ ; : ' ■ "> '. • • • I : . • ■ 


Contents: Papers of \,\\e Kir:*i Councii of Safety of the Revolu- 
tionary Parly in Soiiili Carolina. June-yovemher. 1775, 3-26, li7-107, 
1«7 11»X, *J50L'i?7: Mission <.r* lo] John Lai;ren< to Europe in 1781,27- 
45i, lOJ^-lio: Letter from <ien. rhri>tnplicr <Ta(lsden to Mr. Thomas 
M«>rris, May 3oth, 17«,iO, 44-4o: IJarnwfl! of Smlh Carolina, 4«s>': 
Gen. Thaihleus lvo>oiu5-/ko ic» Maj Alexander «iar<?en, l'J6-r27; (.'<»1. 
Miles Hrewton an«l Sonio ^f Hi> l>eMenti;ini'^, I'Jr* 1.V2; Letters of IJaljib 
Izard. 11M-*J04: I/.anl nf Stunh ( an-lina. *'n."iiMo; Army Correspond- 
ence ''f tol. .John L:a^vn^. '.''N '27.2: Ciiptain William Capei-s and 
Some of U\< Dosc'inlanl-. i7:l -.Mi**; Nnie> and (iuoiies, 8l»-9:{. i:>:Mr)7, 
241-'J.>:;, 2iii» :{oJ: I'lil.'.ieations PaM.tived, !»:{ '"i. I."i7 l»Ui. •jri:i-l»:>Ci, 302 ^^Oo: 
The South* arolina Uistoriral S-uielv, !♦♦». Hit;. O.V.-J.V.i-inri: Xeeroloirv, 
W\, 2r>;-2."W : Index :'»n7-:;4M. 

TIk* S«»utli (':ir«»!iiia IIi>ti»i' a!i«] (iem*al«»L'"iral Maiiiizinu. 
IvliUMl l.v A S. Siiilrv, Jr. Vnlirnt* 111. lOn-J. 

('lllM.lUHi, s4.<M>. 

CoNTF.NT>: Papers of the Fir>t Coiuu'ij «•? Satrty of the Kevolu- 
tiouary Party in S«»utli Carolina, .luni* N-'V, ml-vr. 177."i, J]-!.*), liyso, 
1*2:M:JS: .Army Curiespojidem-*' of Col. .I.iiin Laiir»^n>, Pi '^.'i; Daniel 
Trezevant, Hn^ni-iioT. and Soii;i» t^f His l)»'>c»*ndanrs. '.^-.VJ; Notes 
and Quenos, ."m-.-.V.i. I1:'1H>. 171 l^'i, 'Jl-JJI!: i^iililicati.nis Received, 
59-fi(5, 117 12<i: iM-lss. 24.", CPi. Tiie SMiirli Car-.iina Historical Society, 
67 08,121122, Ivs-l'H. 24:2l>. N.-cn.lM-y, r.s, mj, .MH 2r)0: Letters 
from Hon. ihnry Laiuvns to ITis Son Jt.hii. i:7:;-i;7f.. sU 06, i;V.i-14y, 
207 215; Papcr> of tlie Second Counril of Satfty of the Revoliiticniary 
I'artv in Smtli (aiolina, N^iveudii^r. 177"> Manh, i::r,. llKi-201; Officers 
of the South Carolina Rt'Ljiniont in rh«' Cii"roktH. War. 17«iO-61, 202- 
20r,; Capt. Joliii Colcoelv and Sr^n- of Hi< Di-c^-ndants, 216-241. 

Tin* South ('andina Ili>toric:ii Mn«i < u'lH-ah'^ical ^lairazinc. 
JvlittMl by A. S. S-illcv. dr. \'..lniiie IV. li'O:;. 

l"niH.un<l, ^4r.(M.». 

CoNTKNTS . Papers of the "^ec<»!nl Couuril of >a!'ely o!" the Kevolu- 
ti<»nary I'arty in South Carolina. Ni»veinlM'r. 1T7"> March, 1776, 8-2o, 
*>:i «)I, PJo^ll; I.t'tt^rs from lion. Henry I auren^ lo His Son John, 
177:; 177»j, 2ii-:;.~,, {iii-piT, 21.V220. 2i;o277. Thf lUsrendants of Col. 
Wilhani Khett, «»1" South ('arolin:i. o'J-'. I. K'S-IM': Hi.stnrical Note.s, 
7.VS(». 111(1-1112, 2' ^-261, r.lL' :ll 1 : Thf .'-ouilj ( an)lina IHsiorieal Society, 
SI ^2: NccroI«»L'y. li»;MlM. 2ii2. .n.'i: L( litis of l.'iv. >amuel Thomas, 
17n2-i:iM;, 221 2-:o. 27< l'^'. : South ("andina « Jh-.-iuiuL^v' in Kngland. 
2;i-2:js. 2MJ.2H."): 'Iho JUitlcr> ot" Soulh Carolina. I' 

MchiImm's ;:<d a (li-coinit of 2."; per cent, on the above 

The .Mai:a/iih'.- will he houn«! ;it Tioc. adilitional per volume. 

A<l«lrc'ss A. S. SALLKV, Ji:., Sec. antl Troas., 

(.'hai'lcsion. 8. C. 


THtc NOV 13 1969 




I'lni.ISHKI) grAUTKKi.Y l!V THE 


VOt . V— No. 3. 

JULY. 1804. 

^Irivd Mt Ibe Pon I'ffiiF at Cli orient on. S. C, ni- Setoiid-<-lii»« Maltvr 

Pttaud lor tlw S«ictr k* 


CiMrfavtM. ». C 


JnsKi'ii \V. Barxweij.. Hexrv A. M. Smitec 

A. S. Sall^v. Jr. 

A. S. Salle\\ Jr. 


Letters of Umi. Ilciirv l^mrens tu liis si»n John 12^ 

Reconls nf tlie Rc|(iiiH'iiis of tlic S. C. Line, Continen- 
tal Establishment . ~ 

S'uhIi Carolina Cleanings in England 

The Haync Family „. 

nisU>rical Notes „_ 

Xecn ilt^y __ __„„._„ 

N. B. These Mac.azises are one ilollar each to any one 
other than a menilier \>i llic Sinrth Carolina Historical Soci- 
ety. Mcml»ers of the SiKiety receive them free. The mcm- 
Ijersliip fee is $3 jkt annum (the fiscal year being from May 
lyth. to May igth.). ami niemlicrs can Iniy back numbers 
or diiplicatw at 75c. «ich. In a<hiilion to receiving tlie 
Magazines, nicnitwrs arc allowed a ilisconnt of 25 per cent 
on all other publications of the Society, and have the free) 
nse of the Society's lihrarj'. 

Any meinlwr who has not received the last number wi^ 
please notify the Secretar)- and Treasurer. 

Address all connnnnicilrons and make all remittances, \ 
A. S. SALLF.V. Jr.. Sfx. and Treas^. 


The South Carolina 

Historical and Genealogical 


jxn-Y, 1904. 

No. 3. 

SON JOHN, 1773-1776. 

[Continued from the April number.] 


'dressed: M'. John Laurens 

Chancery X^ane 

To the care of 

Will"- Manning 

Esquire — London 

Charles Town So Carolina 
J4 past one oCIock 21*. Octob 1775- 
My Dear Son— > 

I refer you to a Letter which I wrote to you 
the 26'*. Ult". intended to have been sent by the Portland 
Capt Wilson — Scaramouch & his Men followed the Ship 
quite to the Bar & then returned with the Letter which will 
accompany this'* — when I then wrote the Name of Grimke 
as a friend I little expected that the same Grimke would 

" See the April iiMgumc, pi, 7^ 


within a very few days attempt to rob your Father both of 
his reputation and his Life & that without the smallest pror- 
ocation on your Father's part or truth or justice on his own 
— surely History cannot produce a parallel circumstance— 
You will receive with this, Wells's last Gazette & Gazette 
extraordinary in which you will read M'. Grimke's ungeiH 
erous & groundless attack upon me St my answer, which I. 
sent to the Press within a very short space on Saturday 
night after the first come out'* let the Papers speak for 
themselves, but I must explain a little an ambiguity which 

** It appeart that when Grimke was about to kare Engand be wa; 
trusted with letters from difFerent penons in England to various 
tons in Charies Tomii that the day of his arrival in Cbaries Tomb 
(Monday, September 35, 1775) be left the letters at the home of ln> , 
father (John Paul Grimkj) ind went next door to Justice Coulett's; 
that while there he »aw Laurens passing, called to him from the win- 
dow and had a pleasant chat with him. mentioning during the convef* 
sation that be bad sent to Mr. Laurens's house some letter* wh>d> be 
had brought (See April magazine, p. 75.) for him; that Laumu 
passed on and stopped at the house of Grimke's father, who, according 
to Laurens's version, showed him some of the letters bis son had 
brought, said they were addressed to ''suspected persons" and asked 
if he would take them to the Committee; that Laurens replied: "I am 
noi of any Committee that open letters, I am of the Council of Saletr, 
and have never interfered in such matters"; that the elder Grimki then 
asked to whom he should send them; that Laurens replied: 1 realty 
cannot Icll yoo. Sir: I never concern myself in opening letters'; tbal 
Grimke then asked if he should send them to Timothy (Secretary of 
the Council of Safety) ; that Laurens replied: "I cannot tell but here 
is one small packet, tied and not scaled, directed to WcHs; I anp- 
pose it contains newspapers ; Wells always sends to me for newspa- 
pers, I will take this, and, if it contains newspapers, I may borrow 
them"; that Laurens then left Grimke, who subsequently gave the-lel- 
tcrs to Timothy; that the second morning after young Grimke's arrival 
Laurens received a note from him demanding by what author- 
ity he had taken any tetters from his (Grimke's) father's house; thtl 
while considering what lo do atraut the matter he saw Grimke. slopped 
him and expressed astonishment at receiving such a note and that 
Grimkj replied that he had had no right to lake letters from hii 
house; ttiat Laurens denied taking anything more than a padcage of 
papers, which he had immediately sent unopened tu tix 
whom it was addressed, but declared that Grin^e's father had offered 



now appears in M'. Grimke's notable & calculated queries 
— \if he had added one more, was I present & did J know 
that my Father had delivered you the Letters? the Re- 
spondent must have replied, Ves you were in the Room 
— this fact M''. Grimke has thought proper to conceal not 
only from the public but also has denied it in most peremp- 
toiy terms to some of the parties concerned, without know- 
ing tliat it is confessed by his Father— <,to say that I advised 
the delivery of those Letters to any Man or person except 

him the letters uid that he had refused to touch them, and 6iat GrimU 
replied: "you had no right to 'touch' any"; that Lauretu tbowed 
Grimkc't note to a friend and, by his advice, jotted down this cod- • 
versation on the bottom of (he paper upon which Grimkff note WW 
written and sent it to the latter with the request thai be amend it if 
it was wrong in any particular; that Grimke refused to rettim this ptt- 
per lo Laurens and returned to Laurens a note which he lent nt- 
questing its relnrn and accompanied it with an impertiDcnt note whidi 
Laurens returned to him without finishing the reading of it; that 
Grimki twice called lo see Laurens but was snubbed e«ch time and 
wrote a third note which was relumed unopened. In die meantime 
he bad prepared (on Thursday afternoon) a communication whtd) be 
sent to Tht South-CaroHna and Auurican Gtneral GaittU and whidi 
appeared in the regular issue of Friday, October 13, 1775. in wfaidi be 
charged Laurens with having spread a report that be had betnyed < 
confidence reposed in him by delivering up certain letters and beins 
accessory to the opening of them and with having advised bit 
(Grimke's) father to tend the letters to the Council of Safety and 
quoted Timothy, in answer to queries pat by him, ai lajnac 
that the elder Grimkj had told him that Col. Laurens had to adrited 
him. He charged Laurens with duplicity and declared that be bkd 
positive proof that Laurens had advised the elder Grimkj to acnd tha 
ktten to the Council of Safety. To this Laurens prepared a Ttfftf CB 
Saturday night October t4th. and it was printed in an "Extnonfi- 
tury" on Monday, October i6th., reciting the facts before c>vcn M 
Laurens's version, adding some severe reflections on Grimkfi cbaia^ 
ter, expressing a readiness In meet him r>n the field of honor, aad 
winding up with a counter declaration that he had "the moat poshiTC 
proof, rc^y to be attested by a gentleman", that Mn Grtmk^ die 
elder, had acknowledged thai he had lold Laurens the lettert wen 
(or 'suspcaed persons" and that it clearly appeared that the icbeiDe 
Ittd been preconcerted, but that he (I.Aurens) was not to have been a 
party thereto. This brought about a duel, as will be seen by this 



those to whom they were directed must have been a calcula- 
tion by those who had without authority or Siuiction from 
any Council or Ctwnmittee improperly opened them & who 
were afraid their conduct would be brought to li^t & be 
severely reproached — upon this ground only can I form the 
smallest excuse in behalf of my Young Mad, inveterate 
antagonist — the Elder Grimke delivered them to M' Tim- 
othy who had no authority to transact any such business — 
he carried them to M'. Arthur Middleton a Member of the 
Secret Committee — who without calling any one of bis 
Colleagues opened the Letters consequently without author- 
ity — M'. Middleton returned the Letters (Sealed or un- 
sealed I cannot tell) to Timothy, he detained them a whole 
Night&nextday sent them to M' Grim- Grimke S' this dis- 
covery was made by a Paper Cover which Timothy had put 
round the Letters & directed in his hand writir^ to M' " 
Grimke who incautiously sent the same Cover to your old 
School fellow Jack Wells who cracked Timothy's Nappcr — 
add one or two mure & I see the Junto, who vexed with me 
for not having taken the letters & for my repeated protesta- 
tions against similar acts contrived to say I had advised the 
measure, a measure which the whole Council of Safety 
will do me the Justice to say I had always spoke of with 
abhorrence — I heard, & overheard, one of the party twice 
say that Old Grimke ouj^t to be indemnified & saved as he 
had intended to serve the public — after some deliberation I 
was pitched upon as a proper medium for effecting the 
grand purpose — it is not an unnatural conjecture that people 
would take such means, for hiding themselves, for burying 
truth among rubbish & for punishing a fellow who had 
refused to "serve the people" by tearing loose all the bonds 
of Society — this to be sure was my crime — the whole affair 
is mysterious to me, & yet a Man whose Character & Life 
have been so deeply Interested in this Mystery as mine have 
been — may be allowed to make probable conjectures. — ^now 
lay all this together with what I have written & shall write 


I'before the dawn of Day to Your Uncle M' Manning & your 
■ Sister in one view & yon will attain to a pretty clear knowl- 
Kcdge of this atTair, I wish I could have buried it in oblivion 
wt that being impossible, the next best thing was to let my 
I friends know the whole — 1 am sorry to say that M' Grimke's 
I behaviour in the Field gave me a worse opinion than I had 
^before entertained of him, his whole conduct was unGentle- 
tanlike & unmanly — he has dishonoured & disgraced 
mself — nor did my little friend Gervais*' forbear to tel! 
) him & his Companion, "You do not behave like Gen- 
men." to which I was surprized no resentment was 

[ have upon the conclusion of this extraordinary Narrative 

Ksot only to entreat but to Command you (tis but the 2i" 

■of October") not to make your self a judge of this affair 

I any Company either now or hereafter nor to shew any 

•icscntment at any future time — all is well that ends well — 

llmt if you see any improper Publications you may with 

Ktrulh and modesty do me justice by a Public information — 

fl would not have said so much I mean have laid such 

tremptory orders if you had not been my Son, that relation 

Hthout a proper warning might have misled you to drop 

ich expressions as in your Character of a Gentleman you 

•ould have condemned, 

9ie Young Man is sufficiently punished at present by the 

iniversal censure of the people — Your Connoisseurs say he 

ndoubtedly ought first to have called upon Capt" Innis 

which he has not done to this hour^' — Gervais told M''. Izard 

lat he really thought M' Grimke should have Paid his Bond 

J M' Laurens for Money lent him before he fought him — 

•» John Lewis Gervais. 
, *■ Referring to the fact thai John would not be of age until October 

)1 In his reply, published in the "Extraordinary" of October iStiL, 
lainly charges thai some one rearer Grimkfs age ti»d 
iviled him to Rght and that tic had not accepied the inTitation. That 
I probably what this referi to. 


I am persuaded in my own mind that lie took the Field 
nnder cover of my maxim wliicli he well knew — I am sure 
he has heard me say more than once that I had bravery 
enough to stand & be shot at, but was too great a Coward to 
kill any Man unless compelled by necessity — my conduct 
towards him confirmed the sincerity of my declarations 
I certainly had a very fair opportunity for killing him & a 
good chance of being justified in the Eye of the Law — ^but I 
never felt anger against him except when lie basely stole 
about four or six feet of ground from the spot which he had 
taken when he called to me to fire — this had nearly made 
me angry, it exceedingly raised my contempt. — one thing of 
consequence must be added & then I will close this disa- 
greeable subject, he asked M'. Gervais what business he 
had there? the little Man the Gentleman warmly replied, 
what business has M^ Izard here? what did' you mean to 
Murder M'. Laurens? — Yes possibly he did for he had pro- 
vided a brace of spare Horses. — My Dear Son, You ktiow 
my opinion you know my abhorrence of Duels, I can say 
no more than this, to dissuade you from such folly such 
madness as yotir Father, by the combined powers of Envy 
& malice, in those who cannot be happy while he is so, has 
been driven into." 

for a state of our public affairs I refer you to my Letter to 
your Uncle & to the Gazettes — 

Let me conclude by repeating my requests that you will 
remain in the close pursuit of your Studies & a Guardian to 
your Brothers & Sisters — give my Love to them all — I com- ■ 

mend them & you my Dearest Son to God's protection 

Henry Laurens 

M' John Laurens 

Endorsed: 21'* Octob. 


S8 Hul John Laurens soon forgot or did not heed this little lecture. 
He fought a duel with Gen. Charles Lee a few years later, which not 
only brought him prai^ from his adversary Init lionized him in the eyei 
of the American people. ^^ 



Charles Town So Carolina 26"'. Nov' 1775. 
My Dear Soo-^ 

By- LcDcspcnscr Packet I wrote to you 
under dates of the 21". & 23''. Utt"- upon a particular sub- 
ject which I know, if my Letters go safe, will have raised 
in your breast astonishment, indignation & joy — all since, 
has been quiet with me, & apparently much better than if 
ihc circumstance had not happened — here let it be for- 


I could fin sheets of i>a|>er by giving you a narrative of oiu- 
proceedings from the Meeting of the Congress the i*. 
In".biit 1 think it Ijctter on every account to be brief & have 
you to gather particulars from common report, from the 
Report by our Enemies or from any report — tell tale time 
shall inform you of truth, I wish it may reveal to you 
every thing that can be said to our honour & advan- 

' tage. 

Accounts from our back Country arc very unfavorable 

today, better 1 hope wilf be produced to morrow — We have 

' just received orders from the Continental Congress to 

I defend this Capital to the last extremity — wc had antici- 

' pated the command so far as our i '-solutions would extend — 

but the Congress with their Onlcr should have sent us 

means — I will say no more, but tliat we seem, some of us, 

I determined to do all that weakness can do — I think wc once 

had it in our power to have been strong by hiding our weak- 

I ness — God's will be done. 

im in good health, silting in a House striped of its fumi- 

I lure & in danger of being knocked down in a very few days 

I by Cannon Ball, yet firm & undismayed— My Countrymen 

' have not in every case been guided by wisdom, because they 

sometimes abandon her — but sttll I hold their cause to be 

good & will not shrink nor abandon them — I hope all in 


due tiine will be well — be not anxious on my Account but 
attend closely to those whom I love more than I love my 


When the Ship is on the point of foundering, it is of very 
little moment to a passenger to know that his Birds are all 
alive & his Trunk well secured — however I must say a few 
words to my Dear Brother your Dear UiicFe — ^his domestics 
are well but I believe some of them are not free from faults 
Ishniael is at the bottom, I know not what to do with 
them nor with my own — I am in treaty for & hope to get 
to morrow a Bill of Exetra for £500— for him allho I must 
borrow to pay for the Amount — I have exhausted my Stock 
& now HO body pays either on his or my Account — not even 
Rents. — 1 have just sent M". Rattray'* & Miss Gumming to 
M'. Harleston's in S' John's*" — M". Petrie Edmund & 
Miss" are gone as far as Amelia Township — M". Mani- 
gault with vast reluctance I believe uill at last be persuaded 
to go to Silk Hope** — but she says she shall never 
return — from these few hints your Uncle & all of you will 

so Mrs, Helen ■ Govan RaUray of Charles Town, widow of John 
Rallray, Judge of the Court of Vice -Admi rally of South Carolina, 
i76o-i76i. In her wili, made July 22, 1771, and lo which she added a 
codicil September t6. I775, she mentions her honoured mother, residing 
in Scotland; her sister Janet Cumming. of Charles Town, widow; 
her niece Elizabeth Gumming; her nephew John Grindlay, only son 
of her sister, Christian Grindlay, residing in Scotland; her brother 
Andrew Govan, of South Carolina [Orangcburgh District], planter; 
her sitter, Ann Somple. residing in Scotland; and the children of her 
deceased sister Mary Gibzean ; and appointed her sister, Janet, James 
Laurens and Robert Philp, of Charles Town, executors. Febraair 4, 
17S3. Thomas Skottowe appointed Alexander IngUs administrator, with 
the will annexed, of her estate. ( Probate Court Records, Charleston 
County, Book 177478, p. 367.) 
" St John's Parish, Berkeley Countjr. 

■ James Laurens and Alexander Petrie married sisters. Edmund Pe- 
trie was probably a son of the latter, and "Miss" was doubtless an- 
other member of the family. 

' A plantation seat on Cooper River established by Sir Nathaniel 
Johnson about 1703, and named in honor of the efforts then maldni 
to promote the cultivation of silk in South Carolimu 


learn the unhappy situation of your old friends — for my 
part I stand like one upon whom sentence of Death is 
passed, waiting to know the Day for Execution — but the 
Ck)ck strikes six (before Day light) the Messenger who is 
to carry this to Georgia is to go off precisely at seven 4 I 
have a Mile to send it — 

God bless & protect you my Dear Brother & Sister My 
Dear Sons & Daughters — in him I trust in Life & in Death 
— Amen. — Henry Laurens. 

I said above that I was in good health but I should have 
excepted slight visits of the Gout & much lameness from 
the old stroke in the left Leg — but these are now very trifles 
— Salute all everj' one of my friends as if specially named — 

M' John Laurens — ^. 

before I quite close let me tell you we are ordered to seize 
wcTy King's Officer ih the place & probably that order will 
be obeyed this very Morning — Sunday 26*. Novem 1775 — 

Endorsed: Nov. 1775. 


Charles Town So Carolina 8*. January 1776. 
My Dear Son— ^ 

The inclosed Paper contains a duplicate of my 
last Letter, n-ritten in melancholy moments & which I fear 
are not near expiring — be assured however my Dear Son, 
I will do all that is proper to shake off excess of grief — thank 
God, in the midst of irresistible moaning & weeping I 
feel also an irresistible inclination to transmit to Heaven 
sentiments of gratitude & thankfulness for blessings past 
& present — the stroke indeed lies heavy & affects me 
more than doubly. — that precious Limb torn from my Soul 
— the aggravated sense of this total seperation from all my 


Children, from all my family, the absenc* of every Mie who 
could alleviate by participation leaves the burthen upon my 
mind barely supportable — but it is mine it is the Will of 
God to lay it upon, me & I will bear it with all possible pa- 
tience — but if it be possible indulge me my Dear in those 
things which I have requested. — & I will no more imbitter 
your moments by my complaints — let every Young Man 
take heed & let us all every day pray — "so teach us to nuni- 
ber our days that we may apply our Hearts unto Wisdom' 
— ten thousand thousand ways there are in which Men em 
pioy their time & to which they apply their Hearts, but ii 
the event it will be found that none are equal to the ways of 
Wisdom, "for Wisdom is a defence & Money is a defence; 
but the excellency of knowledge is that Wisdom giveth Life 
to them that have it" — we too often however find veri6ed 
in our selves the humble acknowledgentent by the same 
Author — "I said I will be wise but it was far from me"— 
let us not be discouraged hut earnestly strive & we shall 
obtain — read & often think of every part of that Letter 
which you wrote to your Father the 4"', October last*' — the 

' That letter cannot be found in the "Laurens Collection" of the SooA j 
Carolina Historical Society, bitl the following imperfect copy of it wis J 
printed in The Collector (New York) for Febnuu;, 1903: 

How is a Man to dispose himself with respect to the transttorjr b)e«*- 
ings of this life — is he, because they are conttnuallr liable to be 
sr.aldied front hinv to take no Attachment for any thing and rcfuae 
them altogelher because they arc not more permanent? Or ought be 
not more reasonably to enjoy what bounteous heaven deals out si hit 
portion of liappiness. with thankfulness while it continues intire to 
him: and if it be diminished by any of those accidents to which fnil 
humanity and carthi) things arc all exposed, to forbear Repining, ac- 
knowledge with gratitude the great possession, and turn for Comfort 
to what remains'— Certainly, when a great attachment has been formed 
for a particular object, the loss of that will occasion a proportionable 
Regret — but this is only the Weakness of Humanity, and to ovcnzomc 
it is Ibc Triumph of Reason — Her first Argument is those Events in 
Ufe which no foresight can prevent, no effort remedy — it is our duty 
as well as interest to submit to patiently — Thus when a parent loses a 
beloved Child by some sudden unexpected accident let him imI Iced 


Contents are valuable & may be as profitably applied in the 
ifays of tranquillity as in those of affliction & distress. I 
ha\'e been casting my Eye over your Dear Letter of the 
4''. Septem by Doctor Air — as my Dear Jemmy is so ten- 
derly mentioned in it, tears must attend the perusal, but I 
went not to seek for them— >I need not— >! remembered you 
had said somewliat in it concerning a new course of Study. 
I "can see so far into futurity" my darling Son as to assure 
you the Study of "the new Foho volume of Law which you 
had just encountered will be of much service to you" at the 
same time you need not fear.& I highly approve, of your in- 
tended study of Legislation at large & Modem History — 

hU grief by reflecling upon thoK many plans, which his fond mind had 
formed for ihe advancement of hii child — and thoic promised joy« 
which are now blasted — it is an immuUble Decree; no caution on dw 
part of friends can prevent death, no teats can recall from it— «veiT- 
thing therefore that deviates from resignation, is contrary to the dic- 
tates of reason and religion — The trial is brought home to us, it ii 
come upon you my dear friend and father. That sweet youngest ton, 
of whom we all with reason had such expectations, is taken from a 
land of onccrtainty and trouble to be placed in a higher order of be- 
ings — where he has aUained thai perfection of existence and happiness 
which bis nature was capable of — this comfort religion gives ni. The 
accident by which he was snatched from us is shocking, but not un- 
common, it is one of those which are hourly imminent, and from which 
biunan caution is unable to warrant us, — The morning on which it 
happened I had been to Brompton and Greenwich Schools, and upon ■ 
comparison prcfering the latter — had agreed with the Master to i^ace 
my little James under his protection — was returning with that pleasure 
which results from a business of importance happily settled, lo »c- 
qaaiiR Mr. Manning with my resolution and write to you from the 
Carolina ColTec House, where there was a passenger of the Georgia 
Ship — at Ihe entrance of SL Mary's Ave. I was prevented by a mea- 
senger who could just explain to me, that some dreadful accident had 
happened to my youngest brother. Distracted with conjectures, I bai- 
tened to my lodgings — where 1 was informed that the child, in an at- 
tempt to jump from the window of the lower room across the area to 
a fooling within the iton rails, an enterprise by no means so perilava 
as many 10 which his active spirit frequently led him — had fall'n and 
fractured his skull. — that all the assistance of Doctors and kind friend* 
bad been immediately administered. As soon as 1 had recovered my- 



I mean as you do ; study which will carry you deeper thaa 
the surface — depeid upon it a thorough knowledge of that 
system of Laws which I hope you are acquiring will "not 
prove useless to you" — things cannot long hold as they ar^ 
all will ccme right again— ^& must in less than two Year; I 
hope in less tlian half a Year—^be not ambitious of being 
half a Soldier half a Lawyer & good for nothing. — aim at 
Charactef, which you could not expect in any high style if 
you were to commence Soldier tomorrow, besides if yoa 
were to know what you would know in seven days time were 
you on the spot, you would say with a sigh, "I have left 
Chancery lane to no good purpose." but no more of this 
subject ; 'tis your Interest, 'tis your duty to your self, your 

self a little, I went to him and with a tender careful nurse provided 
by Mr, Manning, was constantly with him that day and nisfat— all 
which time' he passed between sleep and deliriam, with very $hott 
intervals of nnder-itandinK — barely enough to allow him to aaswcr a 
single qticstion, or aiik for drink. Nothing was omitted diat either die 
skill of the faculty or the kindness of friends could dictate— but tlw 
stroke was too much for nature to bear — Now my dearest friend and 
father, let reason keep her seat — let its arguments, strengthened and' 
entightned by those of religion, prevent excessive grief — some teaiv 
must fall — Humanity claims that indulgence to its wcakneai 
—but let them be quickly wip'd away — Oh t that 1 coutd be with n^ 
dear Father>-1>ui let my entreaties in the name of myself and your 
other children, prevail at this distance — we conjure you not to abandon 
yourself to mourning, as if all your hopes were buried licre. Reason 
calls you from useless moans over what is lost — and points for com- 
fort to the blessings which still remain — refuse not Id enjoy them. She 
commands you not to lose a time in vainly bewailing the dead, whidl 
would be better spent in the service of the living — a family looks np lo 
you, a country places confidence in yoa — Religion assures you that 
your son is removed to a glorious state of immonalily and fortndi yoa 
to grieve at his happiness, and the unchangeable will of God. I would 
say more but I have a confidence in my dear friend and father that 
he will shew that forlilude for which he has ever been admired — and I 
pray that Gracious God who has ever been his support in affliction tn 
comfort him at the present moment. Till 1 have heard that my dear 
father has listen'd to the voice of consolation, I shall be miseraUt 
God I commend him for Protection and I remain, 
Hii most doliful and affcctiomtc, 

John Laubkns. 



Duty to yotir Country, to proceed with manly Resolution to 
the end of the Course which you have entered upon — could 
think otherwise I would express my sentiments with 
, eagerness & at any e.xpcnce dra^v to me the happiness of 
' your Company — you are the Staff which I most stand in 
need of — but I will totter & recover again & undergo all 
inconveniences in preference to any act which may prove a 
Bar to the Honour & honest Fame of my good Boy, I by 
no means disapprove of jour design to gain some knowl- 
edge in tile Science of War— ^unfortunately it is necessary 
for us poor Mortals to know how to keep one another at a 
proper distance, this is a lamentable tnitli — & as you are 
versed in Mathematics you may very profitably devote some 
Hours to the Study of Gunnerj' & Fortification, filling up 
your time now by application to useful Studies will be at- 
tended by double ailvantage & )'ou may make a virtue of 
necessity — You will \x storing your mind with useful 
knowledge & shunning occasions for cxpence of Money; & 
here I must assure you that it will be your wisdom & be 
accounted a great virtue in you to live two Years upon the 
Sum which you have heretofore been accustomed to spend 
hi one — it is indeed necessary that you should "be anned at 
all points." — I submit these hints of advice to your consid- 
eration — ! have no doubt of your approlKition, nothing is 
required but your own Resolutitin. nor will I doubt of that; 
consult M'- Manning & Your Uncle, I am sure they will 
both second my Counsel & help your endeavours. — When 
you came of age you became proprietor of no despisable 
Landed Estate but while this Cloud of Civil War continues 
ovef our heads, the Income from that Instate will l>e noth- 
ing, in short >-ou have tioiliing to (Icjjend u]X)n for present 
sul>sistence but a reasonable ipiota of the pittance in M'. 
Manning's hands. & you should account as sharers in that 
pittance, besides yourself, an Uncle 8i .\unt, a Brother & 
two Sisters Si for aught we kimw a Father too^these are 
hard lines niy Son, but not too hard for us to walk on, 
necessity has tio law— renieml>cr our Conversation in S' 



James's Park remember I pointed out to you the distresses 
which America might be driven to, if Great Britain should 
persevere in her Cruel measures — I am therefore not sur- 
prized; nothing has happened, nothing can happen, worse 
than I foresaw might & would Iiappen according to circum-. 
stances — think on these tilings seriously & earnestly bend 
your mintt to business. — I hope you do not neglect your Ital- 
ian tongue I again wish you would gain the Spanish — per- 
haps you will say. all these things appear easy to a Man 
wlKJse every day contains eighteen or nineteen hours — Yoa 
are of Age, you have good understanding & know the value 
of Time, why should I trouble you.—, 
Perhaps no body may by this chance opportunity write to 
the Mess". Pringlc your acquaintance, it may be friendly 
to apprize them tliat their Father is dangerously 111 — they 
know he is not a Young Man. 

Attend my Dear to your remaining charge, help your 
Brother Harry forward, attend particularly to his manners 
& behaviour & let me know as particularly what advances 
he makes — why did not he write to me by these two late op- 
portunities — where is their little course of Gct^jraphy? 
when will you have so good a hand to' convey by as M'. Air 
or M' Heyward — the packets are stopped — Merchant Ships 
are also stopped — you must write by way of West Indies 
& by every probable way, M' Manning can greatly assist 
you — ! am not covetous of political intelligence— tell me how 
all my friends are, how you & Harry go on & I shall" be 
content-^I have paid my respects to Your Uncle by this c^ 
I»ortunity & to M' Manning — present my best respects to all 
other friends — I wrote to M' Henderson some time ago but 
have received no answcr^I pray God to bless you my Dear 
Sons — Henry Laurens, 
Give my Love to Molsy Bremar** 
& tell me how she behaves. — 

M'. John Laurens. 

Endorsed: 8* Jan'. 1776. 


^^H - Qiarles Town So Carolina i6'^. January 1776. 

^^F My Dear Son— > 

^H I wrote to you the 4*^. Ins*, by Sandwick 

^H Packet, tlie same day by Mons'. Rilliet Via Cadiz-^the 8*. 

^^K with Copies of the former, by this opportunity — to hear 

^^1 from mc again will not be disagreeable to you.— >& I will 

^^p avoi<I saying anything more on the subject of my grief, ex- 

^H cept that 1 strive to bear & to submit, & tliat while I feel 

^H the effect of the loss of one branch broken off by violence, I 

^H am in a proportionate degree more anxious for the welfare 

^H of those which remain — it is not possible that I can love 

^M them more. — take proper care my Dear Son, of your 

Brother, of your self, take especial care of that part wluch 

is most valuable, the mind. — aim at att that is amiable in the 

Character of a Oiristian a Gentleman, a good Citizen, & 

even your Dear Brother by precept & Example. — Present 

me again to all my friends say I am endeavouring to act 

with propriety, to do my Duty, to act a part of which I shall 

not be ashamed — whatever may be the event — particularly 

my Love to your Uncle Aimt & Sisters & to my Dear West- 

■ minster Boy — tell him liow much papa, now expects from 
him — & your Dear Sisters let nie know how they advance, 
my Patsy is very sensible, does she wear off the too do- 
mestic habits? my Dear Polly is still her Aunts favorite 
but does her Dear Aim! forbear to let her know that she is 
too much so.— Nif the Gentleman who is to be bearer of this 
is detained another day in Diaries Town as he may be by 
the present appearance of weather I will write to your Uncle 

I again — let me close this by a brief account of otir present 
circnmstances & prospects in Charles Town, & perhaps you 
may wonder how there can be a tranquil Heart within our 
Walls. — on Thursday the 11'^. appeared in the Offing two 
Ships & a one Masted Sloop — on Friday a Pilot Boat & 


two smaller Vesels from Fort Johnson ivere dispatched to 
reconnoitre — the same Moni'ng a ten Oared Barge Manned 
by a Lieutenant, a Coxswain & the Oarsmen all well armed 
& having a chest of spare loaded Anns came into Rebellion 
Road, the Lieutenant boarded the Spanish Snow conversed 
witli M\ Rilhet the only Man on board who could speak 
Enghsh — enquire<i the strength of the Fort, of the Town — 
wliere the Tamar Sl Cherokee were gune tu, inrurnied the 
strength of the Ships without & said they had seven pilots, 
should come over the Bar & proceed directly up to the 
Town — M'. Rilliet who is very sensible & who very sincerely 
abliors tyraimy, gave the Gentleman proper answers — the 
Barge then was returning to her Ship, Fort Johnson fired 
two Shot at her, not certainly knowing what she was, but in 
obedience to orders to bring all strangers to. — in her way 
she first cut off une of the Boats which had been sent from 
the Fort — the Soldiers & people on board escaped by a strat- 
agem when the Barge came along side & the Lieutenant 
asked many questions relative to the strength of the place, 
why tliose shot had been fired at htm — boasted of this great 
force of the Ships in the offing, said one of them was 50 
Guns, which was to be lightned by the Sloop in order to 
get over the Ear, that before 10 oCIock that Niglit he would 
make the Commander of the Fort smart for his Insolence, 
would batler the I'ort & Town about their Ears^tltat they 
had on board the Ships seven Pilots — the Serjeant & Mas- 
ter of our Boat answered generally they were only Fisher- 
men & knew none of those things — the Ofticer then asked 
for a string of Fish, fortunately they had two, which they 
gave & complained of bad luck or they would give him 
more — he quitted these people & put off in pursuit of the 
Pilot Boat came up with, hailed & Fired upon her. the Pilot 
Boat being Armed returned the Fire & many exchanges 
were made in which the Master of the Boat was wounded 
by a Splinter & one of the Barge Men seen to fall supposed 
to be killed— the Barge went ofT & our Boats came into Har- 
bour & reported. 







Next Morning being Satunlay, three Ships appeared at 
Anchor close in with the Bar, but no Sloop, their Boats 
were employed in sounding the Oiannel & the best glasses 
& E>'es, determined their quality to be, a Frigate of 28 or 36 
Guns & two smaller Ships of War — & it was generally 
conjectured that the Sloop had been detached to Savanna 
in search of the Tamar & Cherokee & for intelligence — the 
Lieutenant amidst all his unnecessary vaunting had betrayed 
some regret for the absence of these Vessels which he said he 
had expected to have found in Reb. Road— ^this day the Tide 
was remarkably low & wind n«t favorable— ^Sunday Morn- 
ing those three Ships having weighed Anchor were seen 
stretching Soutiierly, the weather has been ever 
since very rainy & dirty & we have heard nothing 
more concerning them — they are probably standing 
off, till better weather & spring titles shall happen, 
the latter will l^egin tomorrow & according to the 
Wind, continue three to six rlays— or possibly they may 
be gone to join the Tamar & Cherokee upon a conjecture 
that these are in T>Ur sourn!^,! dispatched a Mesenger 
the 7'*, Ins', to leani the certainty of their being there, who 
is not yet returned whence I am inclined to hope that thev 
were not there the 14'". — otherwise I should have been in 
formed last Night — ■ . 

On Sunday the 14"', a General Alami was Fired, Expresses 
sent through the Country — hundreds of Men came in to the 
aid of Charles Town as Volunteers & Tliousands are pre- 
paring to join them if needful, — a Battery on Sullivant's 
Island, another at Haddrell's point. Fort Johnson, an ad- 
jacent & important Battery, all tlie old Forts & four new 
Batteries im tJie frontt t)f this Town & a Ship mounting 
twenty two 12 & g pounders :ire in readiness to make a de- 
fence — & Men appear to be animated — God only knows 
what will l>e the event — if the people are cool in Action a 
conquest will be ver)- dearly purchased by the Shipping, 
& a Manly defence against British Ships of War will cost 


many a valuable Life & Limb on our part — Heads of fam- 
ilies, Brothers Sons, friends & good fellow Citizens — not 
the Canaille of Soldiery will fall — who can dry eyed reflect 
upon this picture? will you not wonder that there is a tran- 
quil Heart within our Walls? & yet I believe there is. — but 
thro' the crevices, 1 perceive day light, I must hasten to 
conclude or I may lose the opportunity for conveying my 
Letter; God grant this liiay be a happy Omen, that his light 
may break in upon & deliver us from the power of our 
Cruel Brethren; upon their minds &■ discover to them the 
fatal error into which they have been led by crafty & de- 
signing Men who for selBsh purposes brouglit on & con- 
tinue to support this barbarous persecution & who, at the 
hazard of all Curses, are willing to owe their greatness to 
their Country's Ruin.— If further time is allowed me I will 
give you also a brief Narrative of Colonel Richardson's 
expedition to the Frontiers of this Colony the head of the 
Faction in that part except three who narrowly escaped by 
flight are in prison — the common people whom they had 
deluded are convinced of their mistake & in general declare 
their willingness to join their Brethren in America in de- 
fence of their common rights & many have actually 
joined.— \ 

My Dear, Dear, Son, Adieu—, 

Heniy Laurens, 
M'. John Laurens—, 
Endorsed: 16''' Jan'. 1776. ' 

[This completes the publication of sudi of the oripnali of (he letter* 
■rriilen by Hon. Henry Laurens to his son, John, during the years 
'775, 1774. 1775 and 1776. as are in the Laurens Collection of the South 
Carolina Historical Society. The Society posscssct scarcely half of the 
orisinals of the lelterd which Hon. Hency wrote to John in those 
years, but, torttinatcly, the Collection contains most of Hon. Henry's 
letter books and therein are copied most of the letters of which the 
Society docs not possess the oriK<nals of and wt>«i those letter botA* 
are printed students of our history will be able to fill up the gaps now 
needed to complete Hon. Henry's part of this correspondence.] 




[Conliiiiicd from the April n»mber.\ 


IpAY roll of the 3D. REGT,. AUG., SEPT. AKD OCT., 1779?] 

Pay Roll of Capt Felix 

Warley "s Company for August, 

Sept'.. & October 1779 

Pay & Subsistence 



•in Dollars Receipt 


Felix Warley 


Felix Warley 

1" Lieut 

Lewis DeSaussure 


D. DeSaussure Adm' 

Serg Mai 

Isaac Vaughan 


Isaac Vaughan 

O-M.SergtRolxrt Johnston 


V\h Maj 

William Haslam 


Wm Haslatn 


Frederick Ward 




Daniel Norwood 



Adam Martin 


Adam Martin 


Roben Bird 


Robert Byrd 


Robert Dewley 


Robert X Dewley 

William Pullam 


Wm PulUm 


Tartle McCloud 



John Whaley 


John Whaly 

Mvalc I. 

William Anderson 


Wm X Anderson 


Isaac Anderson 


Isaac X Anderson 


John Bamett 



James Banks 

James X B»nk< 


William Bean 


Wm X Bean 


James Bean 


JamM X Bean 


James Black 


James X Black 

* This pay-roll '\s in ihe library of Yale University, and a certified 
copy thereof was made several years ago by Lucetta E. Fenner for Mri. 
Winborn Wallace Lawlon. of Charleston. S. C„ who has kindly per- 
mitted it to be copied and printed here. The first general return of 
this regiment was published in the issue of this magazine for Jnljr, 





^^M 8 Joseph Brooks 

Joseph X Brooks 

^^H 9 Isaac Boon 

Isaac X Boon 

^H 10 Charles Berrr 


^^M 11 Benjamin Binam 

Ben Bynum 

^^M 12 Nathaniel Connors 

^H ij Elisha Chavers 

Elisha X Chavert 

^^M 14 George Cates 

George X Cates 

^^1 15 Charles Devors 

Charles DevU 

^H carried forward. Capl 

Felix Warleys Comp: Cont^.. 

^1 Rank . Names 

Pay & Sub*. Receipt 
in Dolls 

^H Privale brot fonrird 

^^M 16 Maurice Fcwler 

4460 Maurice Fowler 

^B John GKkm 

^B Robert Gibson 

Robert Gibsoo 

^H John Gillon 

John GiUen 

^^H Thomas Horner 

Tho« Homer 

^H Michael Houselighte 

r 4460 Michael X Houselightcr 

^B Wm Hardick 

Wm X Hardick 

H Joh;, Jackson 

John X Jackson 

[|^^ EuLd J<d)n 

Eiael X John 

as Joseph Joyner 

44.60X Joseph X Joyner 


John King 


- fl 

James Kirk pal rick 

44.60 James fUrkpatrklc 

Thadius Lassiur 



James McElwee 

44.60 James McElwee 

John Martin 

John X Martin 


Hugh McCoItotigh 

Hugh X MeCollough 


Philip Moore 

Philip X Moore 


Edward McKoy 

3330 Edward X McKoy 


James Read 

44-60 James X Re»ii 

. ^^M 

William Stewart 

William X Stewart 


Charles Steele 

Charles X Stede 


Peter Temples 

Ptier X Temple* 


William Upshsw 

William Upshaw 


Eiekiel Wilson 

Eiekiel X Wilson 


Edward Wells 

Edward Wells 


41 Joseph Windsor 

44.60 Joseph X Win'fw 
3& H 



^H Pay Roll of Capt David Hopkins Comp'.. for Aug* Sqi' & H 

^H October 1779. 


1 J N»ra« 

Pay k Suk ^1 

in doll". 



Capt David Hopkin* 


D. Hopkins 

It l,ieut Luke Mayson 

333 a) 

Luke Mayson 

^^ Ser- John McGee 


Jno McGee 

^H JanU John Humphreys 


John Humphreys 

^H - Isaac Haddocks 
^M ^-^- I Demsey Thomas- 


Isaac X Haddocks 


Demsey X Thomas 

^H drain'.. Joseph Roy 


Joseph X Roy 

^H Privu.. I. Saml. Gear 


^H John Hunter 


John X Hunter 

^^L * Robi Kennady 


Rob< X Kenaday 

^H Ezckiel Gamble 


Ewkial Gamble 

^^^1 John Lovcman 

Jrfui X Lovemoo 

^B Jamea Cough 

James X Gough 

^H FindUy McCaseel 

Finlay McCaskil] 

^^H Jame* Cantlcy 

James Gantley 

^^H Joel Stow 

^^H John Bunch 

John X Bunch 

^H Thoi Wicham 

Thos X Wicham 

^^^1 Saml. Sutton 

Samuel Sutton 

^H John Pearfe 

John X Pearce 

^H James White 

James X White 

^H J<rim Rassden 

John X Ragsden 

^^B George Hope 

George X Hope 

^V John Boothe 

John X Booth 

^^V Saml. Oliver 

Saml. Oliver 

^^H Jonathan Lipencott 

Jonathan Lipencott 

^H John lulow 

John X Inlow 

^H Tho>. HarHs 

Thomas X Harris 

^H 23 Peter McGraw 

Peter X McGraw 

^^M Carr^ Foni^. 


^H Capt David Hopkins Comp' 

■. Cent*- 

^B Rank Names 

Pay he RecdpU ^^1 

^^B Privates Brot Fow^. 

^H 24 Fred Hacklea 


^H John Catnple 


^^H Mathew Morrow 

Mathew X Morrow J^| 

^B Fred Sellers 

Fred X Sellers ,^H 

^^H Jacob Templet 

Jacob Templet ^M 



John White 



Emu Smith 



Charle. Quail 

Ctiirlu X Old ^B 


John Hcllu7 

Jolu X HdtuT H 

Cap' John C. Smiths Pay Roll tor Aug*. Sepf and October | 





pay and BubsUt- Reccipu ^1 

in dollars 



John C Smith 


Jn«. C Smith 

^_ t Lieut. 

Joel Hardiway 


J. H»rd*wa7 

^fe S<q'u| 

Philip Pwoe 
Charle* Mulhcrin 



Cha>. MnheriB 

■ C^j 

Thomas Morrit 
Jos. Mill* 


Thos Morri* 

■ dnmir 

John PrteAin 


John Pcterlda 

^K Pri*. t 

Bland Bladcl«y 


Blin Blakley 


Jacob Brazil 


Jacob X BraieU 


Benj" Carter 


Benj. X Carter 

John Bone 


John X Bone 

Geo Carter 

Geo X Carter 

Sam'. Campbell 

SamiX Campbell 

Will. Crane 

Tho. Dean 

thomas deen ^ 

John Deu) 

John Oeen 

Easum Franklin 

Easum X Franklin 


J(^ Fulmer 

John X Fulmer ' 

Cap'.. John C Smiths Company 

Continued ,. 

1 1 


pay &c 


^H Prhrt.. Brot Forwird 


Jeise Farrar 


Jewe X Fartw 

John Fleming 

John X Fleming 

Ash ford Gore 

Ash X Gore 

James Galaspic 

James X Galupie 

ncnr7 riogwood 


Tho*. Herin<Bne 

Tho* X Herindine 

Carter Hamlet 

Carter Hamlett 

Rich^. Jonea 

Richd. X Jonc* 

Henry Keller 

Henrr X Keller 

John Mar . . MatU 

John U X UatU 

John Millar 

J<4ui Idler ; 

Benjamin Paybodj 





Will". Peoples 

Wm X People! ^| 

John Shannon 

John Shannon ^H 


Thomas Taylor 



Tho». True 

TTh» X Trt« ^m 


Jacob Watson 

Jacob X WatsoQ H 


Will Wright 

Wm X Wri^t H 

Rob. Willson 

Robi. X Willson ^1 


Jonathan White 



33 Thomas Anderson 


Thomas Bums 

Tbomu Burm ^| 


John Haze 

John X Hue ^B 


James Haze 


James X Haie ^B 


James Tinsley 




Abrara Evans 


: ■ 


39 Joseph Rhodes 




^ Capt" 

. Jos. Warleys Pay Roll 

for Aug* Sept' & October ^| 






dotls. ga 

Rcoeipls ^1 


Joseph Warley 


Joseph Warley ^| 

^H zLieul 

I Robert C BaiUte 




, Wm earless 
\ Wm Taylor 


Wm Carloss ^| 

^B Serjf.. 


Wm Taylor ^1 


t Michael Finney 
1 James Scott 


Michael X Finney H 

^H cmv 




( Isaac Gasselt 


Isaac X Gassett ^H 


Duncan Mcpherson 


Duncan X Mcpherson ^H 

H Fifcr 

Will Hcnson 


Wm X Henson ^1 

^H Priv*. 

I John Owens 


John X Owcoi ^H 


Jolm Sled 


John X Steel ^B 


John Lee 

John X Le« ^M 


Swnl Kdley 

Sami X Kelly ^H 


John Finney 

John X Fmney ^H 


James Ashbury 

James X Ashburr ^H 


Squire Madcap 

Squire X Madcap ^1 


John Lawrence 

John X Launncc ^H 


Moses Dowiw 



ro Ahu Rogers 

AhM Roeen -^1 


Robt CampbcU 

Robert X Gamble ^1 


Alhcal Perkins 

Alheal X Purkins ^1 


John X PerniinBton ^H 


Edw^„ Petty 

Edw<l_ X Petty ^1 






^H John Sadler 

John X Sadler 

^^H Geo Scon 

George Scott 

^^1 Alexr McGuiK 

^H Geo. Myeri 

Geo X Myer» 

^^H Chris' Andy 

Christ*: X Andy 

^^H John Smith 

John X Smith 

^H 31 John Siblcy 

+4.80 John Sibley 

^H 23 William Sible> 

Williani Sibley 

^^H 2J Jamu Finney 

Jamei finney 

^H Capl Jos. Warleys Company 


^H 1 Names 
^1 Fri. bro>.. Forw"l'= 

Pay &c Receipts 

H ^ Will Jones 

m6o Wm X Jone» 

^H Jos. Haynes 

4460 Joseph Haynei 

^H Charlei McCornuck 

Charles X McCormack 

^B Will Notcher 

Wm X Notdwr 

^^K Dennis McCarty 

Dennis McCarty 

^^^1 Wm Crimm 

Wm X Crim 

^^H Edward Broadaway 

^^^1 Cornelius Rose 

^^^1 Uitrrel Wtttenton 

^^^1 Isaac WittemoD 

Isaac X Wiilenlon 

^^H Elijah Jonea 

^H Richd. Ward 

Richard X Ward 

^^H Reason Jinkcns 

^^H 37 Rich^ Norwood 

^H 38 Will. Brown 

Wm Brown. 

^H Cap'.. Uriah Gocxiwtus Pay Ro-ll fiir .\ug>. Sqrt'.. & Oct'.. ^| 

^f 1779- 


1 Names 

Pay & f^ubs. in Receipts ^M 


dolls, go ^H 

(^p<- Uriah Goodwin 

&jd U Goodwin ^1 

^^ I Lieut Aaron Smith 

333>» Aaron Smith ^H 

^^L a Lieut William Loie 

3J3-» W I.ove ^H 

55 Johnson Elkins ^H 

^H Ser'it ] William Jones 

61-40 Wm Jones ^^M 

^^m ' Wniiam Chafnnan 

55. William Chapman ^H 

^^H Corp. ( Benjamin Lcwi-> 

4660 Benj" X Lewis ^H 

^^M t Arthur McGraw 

46.60 Arther X McGraw ^^M 

^^m Fife John Goodwyn 

4683 John X Goodwyn ^H 

^^H Privi t John Oarke 

44^80 John Oarlt ^^H 

^H 3 John Tana 

44^ John X Tana ^^H 

^H taa* Fowd- 





^H Capt. Uriah Goodwyn's Company cor 


^V Rank 


Pay Ac Receipts H 

^M Priv>. 

Amt brot forw^.. 


Michael Malts 

Michael X Mats 

Jacob SalUH 

Jacob X Salter* 

Joshtn X Amoftds 

Benjimin Gordon 

Benj". X Gordon 

Edw»fd F«Unief 

John Archan 

John Arcbart 

John Haskins 

John hasskin 

Jacob Mfaddows 

Jaob X Meaddows 

John McCafferly 

John X McCaiferty 

W.lliam Skren 

Wm X Sbean 

John McCune 

John X McCuM 

Wilkins Harper 

Wilkins Harper 

David Mynle 

James Johnston 

James X Johnston 

Croker Crowley 

Thomas Barker 

Tho*. Barker 

Alexander McCartey 


James Witlson 


William Chapman 

William Chapman 

Elijah McGuire 

Elijah Mgnire 

James Ginkins 

James X Ginkins 

Joseph Spencer 

Joseph X Spencer 


Jesscy Smith 

Jesse Smith 

^H Capt. Uriah Goo<hvyn's Company Cont'.. ^H 

^^ Rank 


Pay it 

Receipts ^H 

^H Pri«t_ 



Hardy Stewart 


Hardy X Stewart '^M 


James Nipper 



John Bowen 


MathewXDedandencaie ^M 

Isaac Veach 


Isaac X Veach ^M 

James Sweatt 

James X Sweatt ^| 

Edward Whittington 

Ed X WhiitingtoQ ^M 

Iiom Camble 

Isom X Gamble ,■ 

William Csnaday 

Wm X Canaday ^M 


Nathaniel Notti 

Ephram Whittington 



Henry iJnrcr 

Henry X Driver H 

Jacob Summerford 

Jacob X SunmxrfDrd ^H 

James Smith 

June* X Smith H 




Jarrod Whittington 

Jarrod X Whittingtoo ^| 

Jihiia Rynold* 


Daniel Hill 


Daniel X Hin ^H 

Joseph Allison 

^4^X ^M 

^H Pay Roll of CapL William 

Caldwell's Compatiy for AuRust, ^M 

^^M September & October 1779 


^H Rank 


in Dollari. 1 


^^M Captain 

William CaJdweU 


Wm Caldwell 

^H LicDt 

John Jon« 


John Jones 

^B f 

Robert Hood 


Robert Hood 

Rnij». Falhcrrce 



.William SUter 


^H CoHM { 

Thonias aements 


Thomas Cements 


John Sleward 


Jolin X Sleward 

Jacob Weaver 


Jaa* X Weaver 

William Slicker 


Morris Moore 

Morris X Moore 

John Mun 

John X MaiD 

Jamu Smith 
Aaron Taylor 

John Todcw 

John tucker 

Morris Florida 

James Killgort 

James X Killgore 

William Scott 

Wm X Scott 

Owen Richardson 

Francis Howell 

Fnndf HoweU 

William Morris 

Wm X Horria 

John Hayes 

John X Hayei 

Henry Covington 

William Johnson 

Wm Johnson 

Benjn X Johnston 

Roger McKinner 


George Gosling 

G. Gossling 


Cotleip Stinevender 

Capt: William Caldwells 

Company ConH- ^M 



Par ft( 

RecclpU ^1 

^^ Privatet 

Amt bn forw<l= 


Samuel Bill 



Malhew Paul 

Malhew X Paul '■ 


Hemr Killgore 

Henry X KiHgorc W 


John Letever 

John Ufever ^M 


William Edward. 




Mosci Disto 


Adam Smith 

Adam X Smith 


Solomon McGrawt 


John Atkinson 


Nathaniel Hood 


Nicholas Rodemeycr 

Nicholas X Rodemyer 

- H 

John O'Neal 



Reuben Copeland 


Reuben Copeland 


John Hunt 


John Hunt 


Randolph Bowers 



37 Bakie Harvey 



38 James Whedon 





Roll of Cajit. Oliver Towles's Comiiany, for August, 


September & October 1779. 




Pay & Subsistence Receipts 
in Etollarl. 90^„ 


Captain Oliver Towlcs 



John Knapp 


John Knap 



Merry McGuire 


Merry MGuirc 


, Ellas Bridgewaler 


Eliai BridEcwaier 


Serjeants ^ Henry Crum 


Henry Cnam 

' ^H 

( Edmund Chancey 


Edmund Chancey 


(Tliomas Gill 


thos GiU 

Corporis ^ ja^,5 Bowland 



'Henry Hulto 


Henry Hutio 


Privatwl. Isaac Bridgewater 


Isaac BridgnMter 


3 Michael Cain 


Michi= ain 



3 William Godtrey 


Wm X GodfrcT 



John Morning 


John X Mominj 



Thnmas McDowall 


Thos X McDow«U 



Caleb Owens 


Caleb X Oweila 



John Fulker 

John X Fulker 



Richard Brett 

Richard X Brett 



Patrick McCabe 


William Hanson 

WilHam Hin»oo 



Benjamin Evans 



Henry X Kembler 



John Caliwdi 

John Caldwdl 











^^B Capt. Oliver Towles's Company Cont*".. ^^ 

^H Rank Names 

Pay &c Receipts 

^^H Private* Amo*.. brot. forw^. 

^^H IS John Looft 


^^^H Pctcr Harri* 


^^H Martin Martin 

Martin Martiii 

Miles Gooden 

^^H Jesse Bussby 

Jesse Bro/he 

^^^L ' Britlon Johnston 

Brill on X Johnston 

^^B Edward Hughes 

Edward X Hughes 

^^^B John Cowden 

John Coudene 

^^^ft Bozwell Brown 

Bozwcll Brown 

^V James Douglass 

James Dongles 

^^^^H Raymond Jones 

Raymond X Jones 

^^1 William Davis 

William X Davis 

^H James Jones 

James X Jonei 

^^B Icabod Balium 

^^^^B Moses Livingston 

Moses Levistoa 

^^H Bartley Adkins 

Bar*.. X Adkins 

^^m William Ellidge 

^^H Jonathan Parker 

Jon" , X Parker 

^^^B James Hogg 

^^H Samuel Cross 

Samuel X Cross 

^^H Robert Ditnlap 

Rol>ert X Dunlap 

^^V 36 Peter Beascley 

Peter X Beoslcy 

^^ 37 Miles Jackson 


Capt. 01i\er Towles's Company Conf*.. ^| 

^^^ Rank Names 

Pay 8k Receipt* ^^^^^M 

^^1 Privates A^ot.. bro<. forw<l.. 

^^H 38 Andrew Julian 

uA> ^^^^1 

^^H 39 Thomas Niaurd 


^^^L 40 Joseph Yancy 


^^K 4t James Burgcs 




^H Pay Roll of Capt- Field Fa 

rrar's Coinjiaiiy for August. ^H 

^^B September & October 1779. 


^H Rank Names 

r.iy & SuhsiM. in Receipts ^H 

Dollars gcfK ^H 

^^1 Captain Field Fairar 

636 Field Farraf ^M 

^H rjohn McMahen 

5S John MeMehen ^M 

^H Serjeants J Samuel Ralliffe 

55 Samuel Ratliff '^H 

^H Ijohn Scott 

55 John Scott ^^H 



■Li .«* ^^TTj^^^^^^^^^^H 



r»l' J William Paul 
I Samuel Croft 


Willi. X Peridna 

^ Corpo 




Wade Blair 


Wade X Blare 


John Mutcasler 


John Mulcasler 

^L Privat 

cii. James Dogherty 


James X Doghany 


3 Edward Ellis 


Edward X Ellis 


3 Jesse Perkins 

Jesse X Perkins 


4 Richard Carmichael 

Richard X Carraichael 

S Isaac Collier 

Isaac Collier 


6 Francis Frank um 

Francis X Frankiun 

7 Frederick Heron 

Fred*.. X Heron 


8 James Singleton 

James X Singleton 


9 Ambrose Singteton 


Ambrous Singleton 

■ capt 

Field Farrar's Company 



Ami bro». fonH. 

Pay & 


Privatcilu John Prescot 


John X Prescot 

11 John Flick 

John Hide 

■2 Benjamin Prescol 

Benj X Prescot * 

IJ Robert Read 

Robert X Read 

M Moses Wihon 

Moses Wilson 

15 Jesse Coowther 

Jesse X Crowther 

Malachi McKay 

Malachi X McKor 

Henry Wilson 

Henry Wil.on 

Gilbert Groomes 

Gilbert X Groomes 

William OiavJi 

WilUam X ChivU 


John Read 

John X Read 


Jacob Branson 

Jacob X BhmstOD 


'John Edens 

John X Edew 


James Moates 

James X Mote. 


John Smith 

John X Smith 


James Carter 

James X Carter 


Dempsey Perkiiu 


James Eggerlon 

James Eggerton 


Daniel Gibson 

Daniel Gibson 


Peter Rasher 

Peter X Rasher 

Philip Kearney 

Philip X Kersey 

James Seward 

James seward 

Stephen Brown 

Conrod Rife 


Dinrod X Rife 


3S George Hart 



j6 John Chavii 




Capt : Field Farrar-S Company Cont^= ^| 

Ituk Names 

Pay &c RcccipU ^^M 

Atno<: faroi. foiH= 


pTivat«37 William June* 

3M0 * __^M 

j8 Owen Whiltenton 



Pay Roll of Capt. George '. 

Liddcll's Ccwiipany for August; 

September & October 1779 

Sank Namei 

Dollars 90*. 
636 Gea Udddl 

Captain George Liddell 

LieoL JaDKS Robison 

386.70 Ja'. Robisow 

( James McDanieU 
Setjw, J Williim Woodford 
\. Bartler Wharton 

S5 James Mcdenntel ^ 

55 William Wodford •. 


, Daniel Shanon 

4&83 Daniel Shaimon | 

*-*"P'- } Samue' Foxworih 

46A Samuel Foxworth 

Fite Samuel Brushears 

46.81 Saml. X Brusheara 

FHvatMl Matthew Johnson 

^^V Ambrose Jackson 

Ambros X Jackaoo 

^^K J<An Price 

John Price 1 


^^H Tliomai Price 

Thomas Price 

Benj: X Hotley J 

^^^1 Morgan Griffin 

Morgan X Griffin 

^^V Berry JeSeri 

Berry X Jeler. 

^H Gideon Griffin 

Gideon X Griffen 

^H 10 Otbom Jeffen 

44-80 0»born X Jeffcra. 

^» Capl: George Liddcll's Company Cont^= ^ 

Rank Namcf 

Pay Ac Reodm JH 

Amo>_ bro«. f«H_ , 

Privmto M.Allen Jeffen 

44A AHan Jeffen H 

^H Benjamin Culpepper 

Bcnj-. X Culpepper -^M 

^^^1 . George Harrison - 

33^X ^M 

^^H Jacob Miller 

44.80 Jacob Miner -^M 

^^H Michael PoweU 

Michael X Powell H 

^^^B Iiaac Carej 


^H Dreury Ham. 

Dreury X Harri. ^M 

^^^B Jarne* Kecnan 

Jame. Keeoenea ■ 

^V P«ter McGrcw 

Peter X McGrcw ^H 

^H John Whm 

John Wyn S 


^^H John Dyer 

J Doyer 1 

^^1 Saniucl Rusa 

^H Samuel Shaw 

Samuel Shaw 

^H Thomas Wood 

Michael Morgan 

^^H Michael Morgan 

Thomas Woods 

^H Reuben Powell 

^^^^ Henry Foster 

^^^^ James Carter 

James X Carter 

^^m Abraham Miller 

Ahrah".. X Miller 

^^1 William Thomson 

^^^V 31 John Bussby 

John X Busby 

^^F > 33 Thomad Smith 

Thomas X Smith 

^^M 33 Samuel Anderson 

Samuel X Anderson 

^H 34 Edward Williamson 


Edward X Williamson 

^^1 Capt: George LiiUlclls Company Cont^. 

^H Rank Names 

Pay 4e 


^H Amot.. bro>.. fow<i= 

^^ft Privates35 Samuel Windsor 

44.80 ' 

Sam> X Windsor 

^^H 36 Grillon Goodwyn 


Brilton X Goodwyn 

^H' 37 William Bryan 

^H 38 Thomas Sutherland 

Thomas X Sotherland 

^^1 39 faul Green 

Paul X GMcn 

^B Pay Roll of Capt. Juliii Heni 

iigtoii's Company for August. ^| 

^H September & October 1779. 


^H Rank Names 

Pay &c 

Receipts ^H 

^^H Captain John Heninlon 


John Heninton ^^M 

^H lieul. Robert Gaston 



^H ^ . .David 0-Harra 
^m Serjeants | ^^^^ ^^^^ 


David Oharv .^H 



^^1 1 Edward Lane 



^H Corporals i Solomon Petcg 



^H (John Cook 


John Cook ^H 

^^H Drum'; Elijah Johnson 


Elijah X Johnston ^H 

^H Fife Jeremiah Davis 


Jerem<>.. X Davis ^H 

^H Privates I. Lewis Neal 

Lewis X Neal ^H 

^m 2 Richard Ward 

Richard X Ward ^1 

^^1 Thomas Douglass 

Thomas X Douglat ^| 

^^K James Draper 

James X Draper ^| 

^^V Joseph Freeman 

Joseph X Freeman ^H 

^B 6 Taylor Holloway 


Taylor Holloway ^| 


H Capt:. 

Joliii Heiiiiitons Company cent' 

^H Rank 

Amo<_ bro'.. fow*.. 

Pay &c 


^^H Privates? 

Josiah Harper 


Josiah Harper 

Samuel Hut son 

Sam) Hutson 

Jesse Hinson 

Jesse X Hensoo 

Joseph James 


Jolm Joties 


John Jonn 

Abraham Johns.>n 


William Knighto.! 

Wm X Knighton 

Anthony La u son 

Anthony Lausoa 

Benjamin Lane 

Benj X Lane 

William Myrick 

Wm X Myrick 

Jacob Myers 

William Partridge 

Wm X Partridge 

John Parish 


Anthony Pool 

Anthony Pooll 


U»iah Porter 


James Qoarlcs 

Samuel Quarles 

Samuel Quareb 


Gilbert Rollison 

Ja... Ouarle. 

Henry Grigory 

Henry X Griggoraji 

William Sanders 

George Shepherd 

George X Shepherd 

John Smith 

John X Smith 

William Young 

Henry Futk 

Johii Isaacs 


Isiah Moorv 



Nicholas Meiglef 


^^B Capt: John Hcnititoii's Coiiipany 



^H Rank 

Amo«- Brot,. Fofw<l= 

Pay &e 

Receipts ^H 

^^H Privaietjj 

1 RoKen Rotten 


.Robert X Routten ^| 

Lam 11 el Roliert'on 


Lamucl X Robin!u>a ^H 

Henry Smith 



Benjamin Thomson 




Nicholas Powers 






Pay Roll of Field & Staff Officers for August. September 
& October 1779. 


Colonel William Thomson . 
Lt Colonel James May son 
Major Samuel Wise 
Surgeon Jamci Martin 

Pay Master John James Haig 
Atljuiam Merry McGuire 

Pay & 


in Receipts | 

DoIIart gc^.. j 


W».. Thomson 





John James Hatg Exof* 

Jam. Martin 


John James Hue 


Merry Mgulrc 

Account of Cash Received of Joseph Clay Esq'. Dep. Pay 
Mast. Gen'., for Aug". Sept & Octob. 1779. 

Field & Staff Officer's Roll 

I-clix Warky's 



David Hopkini's 



John C. Smiths 



Joseph Warley's 



Uriah Goodwyn's 



William Caldwelli 



Oliver Towles 



Field Farrar's 



George Liddell's 



John Henlngion's 




Pay Roll of Capt : Felix Warley's Company for Continental 
& State Pay, viz' 


Cipum Felix Wirley 240 78 Felix Warkjr 

Licul: Lewis DeSauMure 50 D DeSattssure adim* 

Scrg Maj. Isuc Viughan ao 39 Isaac Vau^an 

Q M. Serj. Robert Johnston 20J3 Kobt. Jofanston, 

[Here follow the names of the men of F. Warley's campanj, u 
aJrcady given, and next, in order, similar pay-rolls of the com- 
panies of Hopkins, Smith and Joseph Warley, on the latter 
of which the name of John Goodwyn appears as second lieut- 

Pay Roll of Field & Staff Officers, of the S*-. Reg*., for 
Continental & State Pay viz*.. 

Cqlonel William Thomson 
Li Colonel James Mayson 
Major Samud Wise . . 


Lt ft Adjt.. Merry McGuire 
Pay Master John James Haig 

John Jamei Haig Exr 
Jam Martin 
Merry Mguire 
John Jama Haig 

148a 6lt.lS 

s de Saussufc « 


*Wife was killed at Savannah, October 9. 1779, atid hi 
less gM no Continenial pay for November. 

inally wounded at Savannah, October 9, 



Account of Cash received of Ji>seph Gay Esquire Dep: Pay 
Mast' : Gen'. . for Noveni. 1 779 being for the Contien Pay 
& Siibsistance ; And also for cash received of the Treasu- 
rers for Scptem'. Octolier & Nov: 1779 being the State 
Pay allowed the 3'.. R^ 


. . 611.18 



















[col. C. C. PINCKNEV to major ISAAC HARLESTON.] 
Addressed: Major Harleston — 

I had yesterday a severe fit of the fever, but am 
better this afternoon. I enclose you a Letter from Mathews 
to me which came by the Flag, after having pcmsed it, pray 
return it. Do acquaint us if the fleet has made any move- 
ments and if it is known who they are; doa't fail to ac- 
quaint us by the return of the Boy for we acknowledge we 
are anxious. 

Yts sincerely 
Qiarles Cotesworth Pinckney 

Oct 29 

[To be cotiliiiucd in the next number of this magasine.^ 



Communicaled by Mr. Lolhrop Withington, 30 Utile Russell Stieet, 

W. C., London (including "G1ca.nings" by Mr. II. F. Waten, 

not before primed). 

[Continued fhoh April number.] 

Jolm Asliby of London. Merchant, [St, Andrew's Hol- 
born — Probate Act Book]. Will 19 July 1699; proved 22 
November 1699. To be biirie<l tn Parish church where I 
shall happen to dye. As to in)- small estate, to dear wife 
Elizabeth for life settlement formerly made of the three 
houses in Fryday Street, then to our four children. Brother 
Simon Tliorowgood and Mr. Benson Attorney at Salters 
Hall being Trustees. To loving wife Elizabeth remainder 
of my Jewells, Plate, and household goods only I desire the 
Necklace of Pearle which cost f 125 be delivered to Brother 
Will" Ashby in part of what I owe, if he accept, and 
rest to be paid in money. To eldest son John Ashby, Jun', 
now in Carolina all estate reall and personall in Carolina, 
paying to his sisters Theodosia and Jemima Ashby £zoo 
apiece at 18 or marriage with consent of their said Mother 
and he to imbiirse himself out of said personall estate £50 
for remainder of Legacy of £100 left him by Ihs Grandfather 
Thorowgoo<I. Executrix: Wife Elizabeth. To executrix 
residue of personall estate in England, my debts being paid 
acconling to coniiwsicion of 5s per pound which I made 
with the rest of my Creditors. Witnesses : George Westray, 
Elizabeth Richard, Tho; Ricketts. 

Pelt, 168. 

Sara West of Over, County C.imbridge, Widdow. Will 
18 June 1685: proved to May iK'^fi. .\s by power reserved 
in indenture of Lease of 28 and 29 .April last from me to 
John West Gent my sonn and Saniuell Disborough of Elles- 


worth Esq. of my messuage the Rose Taveme or Inne, par- 
ishes of greate St. Maries anil St. Michaels, County Cam- 
bridge, and one messuage in greate St. Maries aforesaid in | 
front part of said Inne in occupation of John Fage Gent and I 
two messuages in said Parishes of St. Michaels in said 
Towne of Cambridge [sic] adjoyning the Backgale of said I 
Rose Tavcrne in occupation of William Grey and Edward 
Witty and other messuages in great St. Maries in tenure of 
Joseph Allen and John Richardson and also cottage in ditto { 
in tenure of Henry Spachman, said indenture of re- 
lease of all these premises revoked, and all now 
bequeathed to said son John West, but if he die 
befoi-e 21, and without issue, then to brother Wi- 
loughby West for life, then to his son Senior West, on 
condition said brother pay f lo yearly to said Senior West, 
also £20 yearly to my brother Isaac West, also £5 yearly in 
clothing for my brother Samuel West now supposed to be 
living in Carolina and send the same clothing to him there 
during the life of the said Samuel West, also paying annuities 
as follows : to Mary Singleton the elder, wife of — Singleton 
of Foxton, county Cambridge £5, Anne Cakebread of Fox- 
ton, widdow, £5, Sarah, wife of John Everill of Stilton, 
Grocer, £10 and to John son of said Sarah Everill £5. To 
said Sarah Everill my wearing apparell, linen, and woollen. 
To Sonne John, if he lives to 21, all goods, but if he die, . 
then to Sarah. Everill and her sister Frances Osborne my ' 
two silver Tumblers and residue of goods to Esther Anne, 
and Dorothy the three daughters of brother Willoughby 
West. To maid servant Sarah 40s. To poore of Over 40s. 
To Jolm Dickenson, Taylor of Cambridge fio. To couzen 
Samuel Dcsborough of Ellsworth Esq. - 40s. for a Ring. 
To couzen Samuel Marshall of Cambridge ditto. Executor: 
James Desborougli. Doctor of Phyiick, to bring up sonne 
John West till 21 to lett him continue in Cambridge and goe 
to school with the same Master. Witnesses: Joh. Ltng^ 
Isaac Dawson, John Dawson. Lloyd, 67. 




Jaines Gradvvell of Cliarles Town in South Carolina. Will 
3 Aprill 1699; proved 25 October 1699. Taken from Edward 
Hoole fii IDS in Lyon Dollars which t promise to pay 
when we get safe to Barbadoes in the Pink Preston now rid- 
ing at anchor in Cooper River in South Carolina. If please 
God to take away my life on said voyage I leave to said Ed- 
ward Hoole goods of mine on said Pink, viz: one-half of 
two Sloops Masts, one Yi of three Topp Masts, one !^ of a 
p'cell of square Cedar Timber, one-half of lOi 10 white Bare* 
Slaves and one >4 of 18500 shingles and one Yi of 417 foot 
of 4 Inch Cedar Plank and one half of 122 foot and 
l/i oi 2 'ich ditto (Capt. John Crowther Master of said 
Pinkc having other half) besides I pss, eell wide Ooath 
qL 67 yrds, i pss. of yard wide ditto qt. 31*^ yds, 2 too 
Gall, caskes of Oysters my owne, with apparell, said Edward 
Hooke to pay himself and remit remainder to Mr. Thomas 
Graddwell at Preston in Lancashire, England. My hand 
the 24 May 1699, James Gradwell. The 2 pairs of cloth in 
chest with other Linnen that belongs to the Cargoe. Writ 

I under before delivery J. G. 24 October 1699, Oath of 
John Crowther of St. Mary White Chappell, Middlesex, 
mariner, that paper is in handwriting of James Gradwell, 
deceased, late Supra Cargoe of Shipp Preston, whereof said 
John Crowther is commander. 25 October 1699 Oath of 
Thomas Molyneux, St. Martins Outwich, London, Esq. to 
same effect. Administration to Edward Hoolt 
Pert. 156. 
Henry Wiginton, late of South Carolina in America, but 
now of Villers Street in York Buildings, London. Will 27 
May 1722; proved 17 Dec. 1722. To Mr. Robert Hume 
of South Carolina aforesaid, attorney at law, and his wife 
and my dearest daughter Sopliia Hume my Gold Watch 
which was given her by my dearest Mother except the gold 
case which I bought the maker's name Etherington on the 
Dial Plate [for which watch and case I desire my execu- 
tors here in England to buy a hook and chain — erased]. 




To said RoI>ett nnil Sophia also the Sheets, Bed, and Table 
Linnen and what else of siich sort I tia\e which though of 
small worth here will be of use in Carolina, as also what 
few books I have left if executors think them worth sending 
to Carolina. To my dearest Mother aforesaid, Mrs. .\nn 
W'iginton, use of £400 for life, then to Robert and Sophia. 
To said Robert and Sophia Hume whatever shall belong to 
me here in England, wishing it for their sakes as much as 
I once thought, for 1 ha\'e had considerable losses, all not 
known to any but my self. To my dearest Mother, Brother, 
and Sister Lowfield. Brother and Sister Lason, Aunt Hen- 
ielta Tlionias, Cousins Edward and Henrietta Harredon, 
John Penny of Clements Inn Est]., and executors gold rings 
of 20s. Executors in England : Mr Robert Hume, Apoth- 
ecary in Tooly Street, Southwark, and Mr. James Dunnidgc 
of Birchin Lane, London, Notary Publick. . To said Robert 
and Sophia Hume all Negro slaves in Carolina and their 
Offspring or Issue, all monies due in the Province, &c 
Executors in Carolina: Said Robert and Sophia Hume. 
Witnesses: Rich'' Wise, Not., James Tilson, Fra: Ocment 
It is my earnest desire to be buried in Chancel of parish 
church of Kingstone upon Thames where most of our Fam- 
ily lye buried and thai no invitation to other persons to my 
funeral be made than those mentioned in Will, who if they 
please to come, three mourning coaches will be hired and 
a Hearse for my Corpse with black plumes, for I desire 
my funeral may be as little e.xpcnse as possible &c. Proved 
as to goods in England by Robert Home, reserving to 
James Diinnidge, other executor. 

Mkrlborough, 248. 
.Alexander Trench. Grandville county, South Carolina, 
merchant. Will i January 1729/30; proved 4 December 
'733- To be buried in churchyard of Charles town in Bury- 
ing place I have there where my Wife Hester Trench lies 
buried. Furniture in my House at Whitehall and my lodg- 
mg at Charles Town, my Negroes and other Slaves (6 men, 



3 women and 3 boys), my Slock of cattle upon Trench Is- 
land, being; only mine upon the Island) and my stock in 
Iiand of John and Matbew Nelson hi my Barrony of Rap- 
hoe to be sold and what remains after paying debts and 
charges to be remitted to my brother Conncill'' Fred* Trench 
in Dublin for my dear son Frederick Trench. If not enough 
goods to pay, then enough land to be sold, and rest of land 
to son Frederick Trench to lie managed for him by execu- 
tor[s], till ordered from such a charge by Brother Fredcr- 
. ick Trench or till Frederick Trench is 18. Executors will 
find my papers in my Trunk in my Lodgings in Charles 
Town. To executors a full suite of mourning. "Item I 
leave my Pew in the Church of Port Royall for the Use 
of any Strangers that are not Inhabitants but transient per- 
sons at said Place". Executors: Mr. John Wright of 
Oiarles Town, Merch' and Benjamin Whitaker, Esq' of 
said place. Witnesses: John Wallis, John Lining, Peter 
Sheperd. Proved by Benjamin Whitacre, Escjuire, surviv- 
ing executor. 

Price, 321. 
Edmund Brailsford of Province of South Carolina. Will 
24 March 1 729/30; proved 21 .April 1733. To be buried 
at Discretion of e-\ecutors, but if convenient to churchyard 
of St, Andrews near late wife. To son Edmund £5 of cur- 
rent money of this province \^Iien asked for. Rest of es- 
tate reall and personal to sons John, Joseph, Morton, and 
Samuel, to l)e divided by executors and executrix, also my 
Books (particularly those of piety and devotion), with my 
Rings and odd things as e.\ecutor and executrix judge meet, 
and they to sell if tliey think meet all my land called Coosah 
Island (as by the Piatt thereof. 1370 acres). Executor and 
Executrix: Honorable ."Arthur "Middleton, Esq', and Honor- 
able Mrs. Middleton Witnesses: .And" I^slie, BurH. Al: 
Hyme, Henry Hyme. Administration to Samuel Wragg 
attorney for .Arthur Middleton and Sarah Middleton, execu- 
tors renouncing in South Carolina. 24 May 1765 adminis- 


tration of Edmund Bratlsford. late of Province of South 
Carolina in America, widower, deceased, to Samucll 
Brailsford, alloniey for Sarah Middlcton, widow, a sur- 
vi\-iiig executor, Arthur Middleton Esq. being deceased &c 
Price, iia 
Samuel Buttall, Topsham, near Exon, Devon, Sugar 
Baker. Will 24 January 1718/9; proved 12 November 
1723. To wife Mary Buttall £1500, including £500 Ic^cy 
left her by Mrs. Wood her mother, also all plate, goods, &c 
in dwelling house in Topsham, and also for life said dwell- 
ing-house and the sugar houses and lands, outhouses, and or- 
chards &c. and after her demise one Moiety of said dwell- 
ing house, sugar house, distillery house and Lodge house, " 
lands &c. to sonne Benjamin Buttall, other moiety to son 
John Buttall. To wife for life Feild houses and garden 
in PljTnouth. Devon, then to son Humphrey Buttall accord- 
ing to marriage settlement with Sarah his now wife. 
Whereas by articles of copartnership 8 September 1712 with 
said son Humphrey Buttall £4000 was advanced to me and 
said son Humphrey Buttall for carrying on trade of refin- 
ing of sugars and distilling of Spirits at the Sugar house 
at Cachside in Plymouth where said son Humphrey dwells, 
now my moiety of said business to my wife for life &c 
Similar articles i April 1718 with sons Benjamin Buttall 
and Charles Buttall for similar trade in Topsham, vir: 
fzioo by me, £2109 by son Benjamin, and £1575 by son 
Oiarles, now my part of said £5784 to wife for life. "Item 
I give and bequeath unto my said wife the One Thousand 
Acres of Land in Carolina which I bought of the proprietors 
measured out and adjoining to Edistow River, and Regis- 
tcred in the Records of Carolina and lying about seven 
miles from the Town called New London", for her life, she 
to dispose of to any of her children &c. &c. To son Charles 
Buttall remainder of my interest in a long lease of 99 years 
of lands left me by will of my late uncle George Buttall in 





Wrexham, county Denbigh, in Wales, paying rents thetrof 
to my anttent sister Abigail Owen so long as she live and 
allow to my cousin Mr. Josluia Buttall 20s a year so long 
as he live to take care of said premises in Wales. To niece 
Dorcas Jackson wife of Mr. Abraham Jackson of Moreton, 
Devon, what her husband owes. To sons and daughters and 
sons and daughters in law £5 each for mourning. To gnmd- 
children one guinea each. To cousin Mr. Thomas Green 
and his wife £5 each for mourning desiring Mr. Green 
to assist executrix. To old servants Samuel Owen and 
Sarah Mortmore £5 a piece. To poore of Topsham £5. 
Rest to wife Mary Buttall, executrix, for life, then to chil- 
dren, sons Benjamin Buttall, John Buttall, Humphrey But- 
tall, and Charles Buttall, and daughters Mary wife of Mr. 
Nathaniel Hodges, Sarah wife of Mr. Thomas Wigsenton, 
and Elizabeth wife of Mr. .Abraham Wells. Witnesses; 
Dan" Coleman, Tho : Sampson, Jno : ConanL 

Richmond, 228. 
Edmund Roberts, citty of Canterbury, Esq. Will ao 
June 1685; proved 26 May 1687. To brother in law John 
Coppin of the citty of Canterbury, gent, executor, all per- 
sonall estate in England and in the parts of Virginia and 
Carolina for payment of debts &c. To said brother in law 
all lands in Applcdore, Ivechurch, Alkham, and Liddon, 
Kent, and parishes of St. Alphage and Alt Saints, Canter- 
bury, and all other lands in England or in the partes of Car- 
olina and Virginia to sell to pay debts, and of remainder 
one half to niece Jane Gibbon daugliter of sister Martfta 
Gibbon at 21 or marriage and other half to said brother in 
law John Coppin. Witnesses : Rich : Monnis, Jo: Johnson, 
_NathanieI Evemdon. 

Foot. 67. 




John Hayne, the founder of the Hayne family in South 
Carolina, came to the Province tn 1700', settling in Colle- 
ton County. He probably died about 1718, as his will is 
declared to have borne date Dec, 20, 1717, and to have been 
recorded in the office of the Secretary of the Province, by a 
deed which recites the marriage of his widow to one Wil- 
liam Long prior to 1824*. By bis marriage with Mary 
Deane he had issue; 

1 John Hayne. 

2 Edward Hayne. 

3 Joseph Hayne. 

4 Hannah Hayne. 

5 Matthew Hayne. 

• Through the generosity of Mr, Frank B. Hayne, of New Orleans, 
Ihe Editor has been enabled to emliellish this genealogy with ■ col- 
ored representation of the Hayne arms and several pictures of espcciftlljr 
distinguished Hiynes. 

' By a genealogical chart in an old Bible it appears that the family came 
from Shropshire, three miles from Shrewsbury, in England, and that 
John Hayne's mother was named Elizabeth. 

' To all to whom these presents may come Greeting. Whereas John 
Haynes. the father of the said John Haynes. and Mathew Haynes late of 
Colleton County planter by his last will and testament * * bearing date 
Dec. 20, 1717, etc. And whereai Mary Haynes the mother of John 
Haynes and Mathew Haynes the widow and relict during her widow- 
hood did purchase four several tracts of land and afterwards did mier- 
marry with John Long and by deed bearing date June 16, 17x4, did 
convey to John Haynes, John Williamson ar.d Tin^othy Hendricks in 
trust tor the use of John Haynes, Ihe eltiest son of John Haynes, Ed- 
ward Haynes, Joseph Kaj-nei, Hannah Haynes, Mathew Haynes, Su- 
sannah Haynes, Isaac Haynes minors the children of John Hayne*. 
(Book T, p. 177. M. C Records, Charleston Ca) 


U U 


(These arms were used by the Hayne family of South Carolina 
at a very early dale. The following description of ihcm is giveii 
in Burke's Grneral AmxoTy: 

"Havnes. Ar. three crescents, paly of six, gu. and as:. 
Crtfl — A stork, wings dispt. ppr. tn the beak a serpenl of the 


6 Susannah Hayne. 

7 Isaac Hayne.'ft. July 27, 1714; d. Dec. 23, 1751. 

8 Abraham Hayne, b. 171 — ; d. 172 — . 

John Hayne [John'] was bom about 1700. He married 
Mary Edtngs by whom he had issue : 
9 John Hayne, b. 1728; </. Nov. 1743. 

10 Wilham Hayne. h. Jany. 23. 1730; d. Nov. 26, 1764. 

1 1 Abraham Hayne, ft. Jany. 15. 1732, rf. 17S — . 

12 Martha Hayne. 


William Hayne [John'. John'] was ix>rn Jany 23, 1750, 
and (lietl Nov. 26, 1764. He married Mary BulHne by 
whom he had issue : 

13 Susannah Hayne. 

SisANNAH Hayne [Wilham'. Jolin*, John'] married John 
Simmons by whom she had issue: 

14 Wilham Hayne Simmons', ft. 1784; d. 1870. 

15 James Wright Simmons, a writer. 

16 Caroline Simmr>n'. ' 

17 Susan Piiickney Simmons. 

Abraham Hayne [John*. John ']. was bom Jany 15, 1732, 
and died about 178 — V He niami- 1 Susannah Branford 
by u'liom he had issLie: 

' "M. D. jjocla lileratu?"— InfCnpiiriM MagDolia Ccmelerv 
* Caplnred. Ind imprisoned by British -uthoniici during the Reroln- 
tion.— iri'M of Robert Young Hofixf ""d Hugh StrinlOH Legari 
(Paul H. Hayne). p. 16. 



i8 Abraham Hayne, b. ; d. 176 — . 

19 William Hayne, b. February 2, 17156; d. Nov. i8'7 

20 Alice Hayne. ■ 

WiLUAu Hayne [Abrahan^, Johi^ . Jdin'] W9s oorti 

, February 2, 1766, and died November, 1817. He marrieti 

April 6, 1786, Elizabeth Peronneau* by whom he had issue: 

21 William A. Hayne, b. Jany. 28, 1787; d. Mch. 16, 1841. 

22 Arthur P. Hayne, b. Mch. 12. 1^8. 

23 Susan B. Hayne, b. Sept 21, 1789. 

24 Abraham Hayne, b. Dec. 20, 1790. 

25 Robert' Y. Hayne, b. Nov. 10, 1791. 

26 Henry Hayne, ft. July 29, 1793. 

27 Eliza P. Hayne, ft. July 29, 1795; rf— ■ 1875. 

28 Mary Hayne, ft. Jany. 6, 1797. 

29 Mary A. Hayne, ft. Dec. 5, 1797; d. 1875. 

30 Ann Hayne, ft. Dec 9, 1798. 

31 Sarah Hayne, ft. Fdiy. ao, i8oa 

32 Abraham Hayne, ft. Sept. 3, 1801. 

33 Paul H. Hayne, ft. June 21, 1803; d. Sept. 14, 1831. 

34 Anna P. Hayne, ft. Oct 12, 1804; d. 1857.- 

Arthur p. Havne [William*; Abraham", John*, John'J 
was bom March 12, 1788, and died January 7, 1867. He 
served m the war of 1812 and attained the rank of Colonel*. 

"Mauher]" * * * "Lut evening, Mr. Wuijau Havmb, of P«vm. to 
Miss EliiaKtb Pisokhkau, daughter of the deceaKd Arthur Pema- 
iieaii. Esq: of this aty."— rft« CkarUttom UormiMg Potl. ami Dmih 
Advtrtiitr, Friday, April 7, itSS. 

"Mauiied.]. Mr. William Hayne, of Pimpon, to Miu Eliabetli Far- 
orniean, daughter of Arthur Pertmneaa, Eaq; of tbia dty, deceaicd.* 
—The Stale GastlU of SoiUk-C«ToUna, Monday, April' m, 1786. 
* "Cotond Arthur P. Hayne, (a distingniabed loldier of the war of 
iSia, and the friend and companion in arms of Andrew Jadaoat*),— 
O'Nealt'a Btnek md Bw. Vol IL. p- 18 


steel cagjaTiag by Jame* B. Longacre, Philadelphia, 
1840, from an original drawing by Loog- 
acre from life in 1830. 



r X. _ 


^^A ' — ^ ^^^^^ 


^■^ eovEMN* cr so. CA.. rmr hatoh of charlestoh. 




^^^ m « CtMiniUD WITH TMC luruiEiCi OF A FRIE. 
^^b 1 MCIAL AMD COMKinaAL IKTtllCOUMt. IR lariciiiM 
^^^^^ AsniUTiu. REKovina raiJuDicu. EXTENpiaa 



He was tlie friend and admirer of President Jackson whose 
admiration of and respec' for his brother he has recorded*. 
Appointed by Governor Allston, Senator from South Caro- 
tina to succeed Hon. J. J. Evans, May 1 1, 1858, he filled the 
station with dignity, retiring in December following upon 
the election of Senator Chesnut. He married Frances Dun- 
can by whom he had issue: 
Francis D. Hayne. 



Susan Brankoru Hayne [William*, .\braham* John", 
John'] was born Sept. 21, 1789, and died . She mar- 
ried Hext McCail by whom she had issue: 

36 William McCall. 

37 Susan B. McCall. 

38 Anna McCall. 

39 Elizabeth McCall. 

40 Martha McCall. 


Robert Y. Havne [William* 
was born November 10, 1791. 

, Abraham*, John', John'] 
From his birth he was con- 

' "Jackson did more 10 produce Ihe Compromise Act than anyone wmI 
his fritndthip for my brother had a great deal to do vntk it. — It wia 
ihe grealttt moral vUtory on retard for S". Ca."— MSS. note by A. P. 
Hayne at foot of account of the meeling, in 18^, tKlwecn Gov. Hiync 

and Jackson. (Charleston Library Society's copy of O'Neall'f Bmth 

and Bar, p. 33, Vol. It.) 

"Hayne. Arthur P. S C S C. 1 It Iht drgs 3 May 1806; opt lo Nor 
tftog; maj 1 Ihi drgs 1 Aug 181 j; col i g 13 Apr 1814; col a g I Mar 
1815 to rank from 12 Apr 1814; reverled lo col i g 3 May 1816; brt 

)l col 33 Dec 1814 for gal eon al New Orleans La; read 30 Sept 
l8ao; maj pa>'mr 4 July 1836: rcsd 23 Oct 1836; [died J Jan 1867-)" 

— ffittorical Rrgiilcr and Dictionary of Ihe United Army (F. B. Hell- 

•nan). Vol. I., p. S"S- 

On a rostcf of ihc United Slates Army, published the CharUtlon 

Courier, May 30, (815, he appears as adjutant -general of the U. S. A- 

for the Northern Division, appointed April la, 1814, having pnrioailj 

been breveiied colond. 

172 so. CA. HrsTomcAL and geneauxsical magazine. 

fided to the care of Mrs. Young, the widow of Dr. Robert 
Young whose name he bore*. For nine years he resided at 
Beaufort, S. C, coming to Qiarleston in 1800, where he 
entered first the school of Mr. Mason^, and later that of Dr. 
John Smith. In his i8th. year he entered the law office of 
Langdon Cheves and was admitted to the Bar at Cliarlcston 
November 2, 1812. In October, 1814, he was elected a 
member of the State Legislature from St. Pliilip's and St 
Mtcliael's at the head of the Republican ticket'", and on 
Tuesday, November 24, 1818, at the beginning of his third 
term, he was elected Speaker", but just a day or two prior 
to the adjounmient of the Session (December 18, 1818) he 
was apjKjinted attorney -general of the State to succeed 
James S. Richardson, elected judge." In 1820 he was 
appointetl, by President Monroe, United States District 
Attorney for South Carolina, but declined." On December 

' Lhfs of Robert Young Hayiif end Hugh Svrinlon Legart, pi la 
' Engli^ School, 
TiioTT Stkeet. 
s of this as well as of ihc olhcr schools under my direc- 
e This Day. 

>Ioiirs of atlendance for Young Ladies at my house in Quince-street 
from eleven to Iwo. Inslruction in Dancing. Music, and in the French 
Language may be had in addition to the usual school exerdses. 
Boarding, lodging and washing on the most' reasonable termt or 
Breakfast and Dinners as may suit the convenience of those at a di*- 

The public's n 

William Mason. A. M. 
N. B. A Oassical assistant wanted. One hundred and fifty guineas, 
punctually paid quarterly and Boarding and Lodging in tny family, are 
offered a gentleman properly qux1i5ed. Apply at ray house within the 
hours of 7 and 8 in the moni\ng."~~Soiith-Caroltna Slate Casetlt, and 
TimoHiy'i Daily Advrrlhrr, Monday, June a, l8oa 
"lie got \20% voles and (he ne:xt man got II60. (See City Gasettt 
and Commcreial Daily Adverliier, October 14, 1814. 
" CharlftlOH Courier, November A l8l3. 
" Thid, December 2iiid. and 23rd., l8ia 

""We learn that Robest Y. H.*.vne, Esq. has been appointed by the 
President of ihe United Stales, Attorney for the District of South- 



4. 1 8^2. at tile age of thirty -one, he was elected to the 
I'liited States Senate to sticcced Senator William Smith and 
at the end of his term to succeed himself, March 4, 18^9, 
which office he resigned at the call of his State to become 
giivenior during the Nullification issue in 1832. In 1834 
liis term of office as governor expired and the provisions of 
the State constitution not admitting of his reelection, he 
passed mil of jniMic life, but soon became major-general of 
the 2d. division of State militia, and was nnanimotisly 
elected, in 1836, as first mayor of Charleston by a ctMtimu- 
nity wliich but two years before had been torn by the strife 
of contending parties.'* In 1837 he was elected president 
of the Qiarlesloii, Lonisville and Cincinnati Company de- 
clining a reelection to the maj'oralty and devoting the last 
years of his life to tlie project of railroad connection 
between the South and West, dying at Asheville, North 
Carolina, September 25, 1839. There is a monument to 
his memorj- in St. Michael's church-yard, and a marble 
bust of him, by E. V. Valentine, of Richmond, Va., adorns 
the Council Chamljer of the City Hall of Qiarleston." He 
was twice married. First in 1812 to Frances Pinckney, 
daughter of Hon. Charles Pinckney (1757-1824), by whom 
he had issue: 


Robert y. Hayne, 6. 
\\'illiam C. Hayue. 
43 Frances Hayne. 

:8i4; '1- 


Carolina, vice Thomas P.\rkeii, Emj. Jceeascd," — The CharUtlan 

O'KnVr, Wcdnenday, November t. l8ja 

"We are informed (hat Rokert V. II WNE. Ew) has declined the ap- 

poinlmenl of U S. Auonxy. for ihe District of Soul h- Carolina, 

recenllj conferrcil upon him by llu Prt.iiiiem uf Ihe United Suies."— 

thid. Friday, November 3. ifl»- 

" Tkf CharlttloH Courier, Sept. JO, 18,19. 

"The following are the insctiplions nn the hasi, which was cxecalcil' 
under dirrclion of Hon. Win. A~hiir<Mil Cmirlciiay. then mayor of 


His first wife dying in 1818, he married, in tSaOi. 
Rebecca Alston, by whom be had issue: 

44 William Alston Hayne; b. April 25, 182 1 ; d. Mch. 
28, 1901. 

45 Arthur P. Hayne; 6. Sept 30, 1823; d. Oct 15, 1888. 

WiLLtAH Alston Hayne [Robert Y.,* William,* Abra- 
ham,* John,* John'] was bom April 25, 1821, and died 
March 28, 1901. He man-ied Margaretla Stiles'* by whom 
he had issue: 


RoKxT Y. Hatk^ 

Speaker of the Hoom, Attorrfey-Gencrat, U. S. Senator, 

Governor of So. Ca., Firat Mayor of C 

Hii Uat paUic Mfri 

Was hit effort to open direct railroad « 

with the vait interior of oar continent. 

"Next to the Christian religion I know of notfung 

to be compared with the inflnence of a free, 

social and conuncrdat intercourse in softening 

asperities, removing prejudices, extending 

Icnowlcdge and promoting human happiness." Hayne. 



. >»1 



September ajlh 


Sii Vol IV. of tM> g 

>I>ibio, ,. JIJ. 



46 Ri)bert Y. Haync, b. April 3, 1849; d. in infancy. 

47 Kilwanl S. Hayiie, b. Nov. i8. 1850; rf. Dec. 4, 1867. 

48 Roljcrt Y. Hayne. b. Dec. 18. 1853; d. April 10. 1903. 

49 William Alston Hayne, b. Nov. 2^ 1855. 

50 Beiij. S. Hayne, h. Jany. 2, 1858. 

51 Brewton A. Hayne, b. Aug, 17, iS6a 

52 Stephen Duncan Hayne, 6. Jany, 2, t863. 

53 Arthur P. Hayne, b. Febry. 18, 1867. 

54 Anna S. Hayne, 6. Aug. 15, 1870; d. June 5, 1874. 


Robert Y. Hayne [William A.," Robert Y.,* William.* 
Abraltam,* John,* John'] was bom Dec 18, 1853, in 
Oiarlcston, S. C. In his 14th. year his family removed to 
California and he was eihicated in the public schools of 
San Francisco. ,'\(lniitte(l to the bar in 1874, he was elected 
a judge of the Superior Court of San Francisco in 1880, 
which position he resigned in 1882 to go to Colorado on 
I account of illness in his family, and while there he became 
the autlior of Ncti' Trial aud Appeal under the California 
Code. In 1887 he was appointed a Commissioner of the 
Supreme Court of California which he resigned in 1891." 
In 1880 he marrietl Grace A. Parrott by whom he had 

55 Robert Y. Hayne. b. June 7, 1881. 

56 John Parrott Hayne. 6. Mch. 28, 1896. 


W. Alston Hayne [William A.," Robert Y.,' William,* 
Abraliam.' John.* John'] was born Nov. 26, 1855. He 
married Maud E. C. Bourn Dec. 27, 1899, by whom he had 

57 William A. B. Hayne, b. Nov. 26, 190a 

58 Francis Bourn Hayne, b. Sept. 6, 1903. 
See Vol. IV. of thii magaiine, n>. 263 and 313. 


Benjamin S. Hayne [William A.", Robert Y.*. William*. 
Abnlum", John*, John'] was bom Jany. 2, 1858. He 
nmrrieil l^elilia Yoiige Sejit. 12. 1896, by whom he had 

59 Benjamin S. Hayne, b. April 18, 1897. 

?- 5'- 

Brewton a. Havne [William A.", Roljcrt Y.", William*. 
Abraham^, Jolin', John'] was Iwni Aiigtist 17, i860. He 
'_ marrietl Sally T. Perkins. I'ebniary 17, 1887, by whom 
he had issue: 

60 Margaret P. Hayne. b. Feliy. 9. 1888. 

fii Brewton A. Hayne, 6. June 5. 1889: d. Sept. 20, 1890. 

62 .Xrthur P. Hayne, b. Atig. 2, 1892. 


Stephen Duncan Hayne [William A.", Robert Y.', Wil- 
liam*. .Nbrabam^. Jolin^, John'] was Ixim January 2, 1863. 
He married .\gnes Howard, August 10, 1895. by whom 
he liad issue: 

63 .\gnes M. Hayne. b. Sept. 22, 1896. 

fi4 Stephen Duncan Hayne, b. Dec, 6, 1899. 


.'\rtiiub p. Havne [Roliert Y.'', William*, Abraliani*. 
John', John'] was born September 30, 1822. and died 
Octolier 15. 1888, He married Julia Dean by whom he had 

65 .\rthur Hayne. b. Sept. ig, 1856: d. Oct. 25, 18S3. 

66 Motte .\. Hayne. b. June 22. 1858: d. July 10, 1858. 

67 Robert Y. Hayne, b. Sqit. 5, 1859; d. Dec. 28. 1866. 

68 Julia Hayne, b. Febry. 27, 1862. 


JiUA Hayne [Arihur P.", Robert Y.». William*. Abra- 
ham*, John', John'] was born February 27, 1862. She 
married James P. Lanfjhorne Oct. 5. 1882, by whom she 
had issue: 

69 Margarelta H. Langliorne. b. Aug. 21, 1883; d. Oct. 

4. 1887. 

70 James P. I^nghonie, b. Nov. 21, 1884. 

71 Mary E. Langhome. b, Jan. 30, 1886. 

72 Julia H. Langhome, b. Nov. 20, 1887. 


Eliza P. Hayne [William*, Abraham', John', John*] 
was bom July 29, 1795, and died in 1875. She married 
William Edward Hayne (107), her cousin, by whom she 
had issue: 
J2 Eliza P. Hayne, b. A]>ril 20, 1823; d. 1863. 

74 William E. Hayne. b. Dec. 24, 1824; d. 1892. 

75 Octavius A. Hayne, b. May 16, 1826; d. 1827. 

76 Susan B. Hayne. b. April 23, 1829; d. March 10, 1895. 

77 Mar>' H. Hayne, b. .^iig. 21, 1830; d. May 14, 1831. 

78 Harriet B. Hayne. b. .\ug. 21, 1834; d. 1841. 

79 Franklin B. Hayne, b. Aug. 10, 1836: d, April 8, 1839. 

80 Mary H. Hayne, b. Nov. 14, 1839; J. Dec. 4, 1840. 

Paul H. Hayne (William*, .\liraham', John*, John'] was 
bom Jime 21, 1803, and died September 14, 1831. A 
lieutenant in U. S. Navy, he married Emily McElhenny by 
whom he had issue: 

81 Paul Hamilton Havnc, b. ;iany. i, 1S30; (/. July C>, 

Paul H. H.\y.\e [Paul li.\ William', .\braham^ John*. 
John'] was bom Januarj- l. 1S30, and died July 6, 1886, 


A writer of prominence'*, he married Mary Michel in 1852, 
by whom he had issue : 

82 William Hamilton Hayne, b. Mch. 11, 1856. Also a 

writer of note, many of his poems and sketches ap- 
pearing in periodical publications." 


Hannah Hayne [John'] was bom about 1707, and died 
November 14, 1784.^" She married John Splatt by whom 
she had issue : 

83 Mary Splatt. 

84 John Splatt, died in 1752. 

85 Joseph Splatt. 

86 Francis Splatt. 

87 Eliza Splatt. 

88 Benjamin Splatt. 

89 Hannah Splatt, m. Girardeau. 

90 Edward Splatt. 
gi Martha Splatt. m. Maybank. 
92 Susannah Splatt, m. Swinton. 


Susannah Hayne [John'] was bom about 1712. She 
married William Nash, by whom she had issue: 

"His first volume of poems was published by the old house of Ticknor 
& Fields. Boston, in, when tic was some twenly live years old ; 
his second in iSj;?, and his third in i860. In 1873 the Lippincottt 
published his Lticnds and Lyrics and in 1873 his edition of his friend 
Henry Timrod's poem.s appeared. In 1875 The Maunlain of the Lovers 
was published and in 1R78 his memorial sketches of Governor Hayne 
and Mr. Legar£ appeared. (Biographical Hretch in Haync's Compkle 
Potms. D. Lothrop & Co., p. vi.) 
" See Who is Who in America, iQoi-1902. 

■ "The same day" [Sunday before] "in this City. Mrs. Hannah Splall. 
aged 77 years, relict of the deceased Mr, John Sptatt. formerly of 
Ponpon." — The Soulh-CaroUna Gazellr, and Public Aditrliier, Wed- 
nesday. November 17. 1784. 

Sec also Ralph BaiUy of Edisto Island and Same of His Descendants 
(by A. S- Salley. Jr). pp. la and 13. 


93 Mary Nash. 

94 Elizal^eth Nash. 

95 Hannah Nash. 

was Ixirn July 27, 1714, and died 
He married Ehzabeih Oswald by 


Isaac Hayne [Jolin*] 
December 23, 1751. 
whom he had issue : 

96 Elizabeth Hayne, 6. Sept. 15, 1736; d. Aug. 8, 

97 Isaac Hayne. b. May 25, 1738; d. July 1, 1739. 

On the death of Elizalwth lie married Sarah Stokes and 
iilioii her death Sarah WiUiamsun by whom he had issue : 

98 Mary Hayne. b. Febry. 14, 1743; d. Jany. 9, 1769. 

99 Isaac Hayne, b. Sept. 23, 1745; d. Aug. 4, 1781. 

On her death he married Mary Bee, by whom he had issue: 

100 John Hayne. b. Sept. 19, 1748; d. Sept. 29, 1748. 

Isaac Hayne [Isaac*. John'] was bom September 23, 
1745, and died Aug. 4, 1781. He was a captain in the 
Colleton County Regiment of militia*', August 5, l775i 
and in January, 1777, was elected a representative to the 
Assembly from St. Paul's Parish'*. The peculiar 
conditions of his surrender to the British and subsequent 
service against them, his capture while holding the commis- 
sion of colonel of the Colleton County Regiment, South 
Carolina militia. Revolutionary forces, and the manly dig- 
nity with which he met the tragic death sentence inflicted 
up<3n him by the British military authorities" made him a 

" See Vol. II. of this Maguine, p. 6. 

"The Hislory Soulh Carolina in the Revolution, iJfS-ijSo, t>y Ed- 
ward McCrady, p. iia. 

" In Ihe Name of God Amen I Itaac Hayne of Si. Bartholomew** 
Parish, Colleton County, and Province of South Carolina, being ia 
Bodily Health and of a sound and perfect mind and memory do 
make this my lait Will and Teslament. In ihe first place I recommend 
my immortal soul to Almighty God who gave it beseeching his most 



naliotial historical figure in iht history of the Revolutionary 


By his iiiairiage with Ehzabeth Ilutson, July l8, 1765**, 

lie had issue: 

101 Isaac Hayne, h. July 2. 1766; (/. Dec. 13, 1802. 

lOJ Mary Hayne, b. April n. 1768; d. Sqrt. 2, 1768. 

103 Sarah Hayne, b. Aug. lO, 1770; tl. Jany. 25, i8oa 

104 John H. Hayne, b. Febry. 8, 1773; J. June, 1825. 

105 Ehzabeth Hayne, b. Nov. 17, 1774; d. Sept. 14, 1776. 
lofi Mary Hayne, b. Aug. 29, 1776. } 

107 Wiltiain Edward, b. Aug. 29, 1776) ; d. 1843. 

Isaac Havse [Isaac*, Isaac*. John*] was bom July 2, 
1766, .-ind died Dec. 13, 1802. He married Mary Hopkins, 
December 12, 1793, by whom he had issue: 

108 Isaac Joseph Hayne, b. Febry. 5, 1795; d. July 15, 


109 Francis H, Hayne, 6. Aug. 17, 1797. 

110 Eliza \V. Hayne, b. Jany. 13, 1800. 
III. Isaac Hayne, b. Jany. 28, 1802; d. 1802- 


William Euwaku HaVne [Lsiac*. Isaac'. John'] was 
bom Aug. >9. 1776, and died in 1843. On January 28, 
1806, he married Eloisa Bre\ard, She died August 27, 
i8iO, and on January 7, 1822, he married Eliza P. Hayne 
gncious acwpiancc of il through ihc merits and mcdialion of Jesiu 
Cliriit who I trust will nol reject nic a Pcn'Ucni Sinner. " • Intcraliate 
clile^l Min my books and mnnTiscripu ■ * Inu iu< cost niii^^l he '•pared 
in IIk cliildrcii'i education. (Will ut Isaac llnyor. Probati'd Mfh. 15, 
178J. Will Book .\. p. 41. aiarU- I"!) Co. Prolwic Conn records.) 
See also McCtady's Hiitary .if South Carolina :a ihc Rn'olulion, 1780- 
'7>i- PP 'JO-'W. '50. 318-321, 364. .iSl. 3H2-4". 4.U. 4*. 5*4. 7^ "") 
Vd. III. of this maga/iite p, 230. 

" The Soulh-Caralitia Cazdie. Satiitilay. July ao. 1765; Sal1cj''« Wor- 
riete Natttet in The Soulh-CaroUna Goictte and lit Sueceiiori, p. 39. 


(27). On December 20, 1839, he was elected Comptroller- 
General of the Slate of South Carohna*'. 
By Eloisa Brevard he had issue : (See No. 27.) 

112 Isaac Wilham Hayne, b. Mch. (6, 1809; rf. 1880. 

113 Rebecca H. Hayne, ft. July 17, 181 1 ; d. July 6, 1834. 

114 Alexander B. Hayne. b. July 5, 1813; d. Aug. 24, 


115 Franklin A. B. Hayne, 6. Nov. 22, 1814; d. Dec. 24, 


116 Eloisa Mary Hayne, b. Sept. i, 1818. 

117 Sarah Martha Hayne, ft. Febry. 12, 1820; d. June 18, 


Isaac William Hayne [William Edward', Isaac", Isaac^ 
John'] was Ixirn March 16, 1809, In December, 1848, lie 
was elected Attorney-General of the Slate of South Caro- 
lina, and served as such until 1868. On January 12, 1861, 
he was sent by Governor Pickens as Special Envoy from 
I the State of South Carolina to President Buchanan "to 
effect if possible an amicable and peaceful tranfer of the 
fort (Sumter) and settlement of all ([uestions relating to 
property"'". He remained a month but was met with 

~Tht CHorUtloK Courier. December aj, iBjg. 
'"You say that ttie fort was gaffisoned for our prolcclion and is 
held for (he same purpose for which it has been ever held since tis 
construction. Are you nut aware, that to hold in the lerrttoty of a 
lorcign power a fortress against her will, avowedly for the purpose 
of protecting her citizens is perhaps the highest Insult which, one 
govemtnenl can offer to another? But Fort Sumter was never garri- 
■oned at all until South Carolina had dissolved her connection wilh 
jrouT Government This garrison entered it in the night with every 
Cixcumslancc of secrecy after spiking tlie guns and burning the gun 
carriages and cutting down (he Rag slaff of an adjacent fort which 
was then abandoned. South Carolina had not taken Fort Sumter into 
her own possession only becuse of her misplaced confidence in a gov* 
emmeni which deceived her,"— Passage from tfie last letter of Col. 
Hayne to the President, Rise and Fait of the Conftderatt Govern- 
iJ, by Jefferson Davis, Vol. I, p. 219. 


evasiiin anri tinsat is factory answers and returned. He died 
in March, 1880. On May i, 18^14, lie married Alicia Pan- ( 
lina Trapier, by whom he had issue: 

118 Isaac Haj-ne, b. April 5, 1835; d. Oct. 8, 183(5. 

119 Harriet B. Hayne, b. Febry. 9, 1837. 

120 Richard T. Hayne, h. Febry. 18, 1838; d. Febry. 22. 

ijl Isaac Hayne. b. July 16, 1839; d. Nov. 7, 1888. 
1:2 Tlieodorc B. Hayne, 6. Mch. 12, 1841. 

123 Edmund T. Sluibrick Hayne, b. Dec 4, 1843; •'• 

June 30, 1862*^. 

124 Mary E. Hayne, b. April 10, 1845; d. Nov. 29, 1868. 

125 Paul Trapier Hayne, b. Dec. 14, 1846. 

126 Robert B. Hayne, b. Mch. 30, 1848; d. August, 1883- 

127 William E. Hayne, b. Mch. 4, 1852. 

128 Branford S. Hayne, b. Febry. 13, 1858. 


Hakkiet B. Havnc [Isaac W^"*. William Edward*, Isaac*, 
Isaac*, John'] was born February 9, 1837. She married 
Edward H. Barnwell, Nov. 20| i860, by whom she had 

" Mortally wounded at Gaines' Mill, June 27, 1863. white gallantly 
supporting the flag of hh regiment. His name is included on the 
tablet of the Confederate dead of St. Philip's Church, Charleston, and 
on the lablct to the color guard of the 1st. regiment in the State House, 

"Edimind Shubrick Hayne, a handsome and courageous boy, wax a 
member of the Carolina Light Infantry, First Reginwnt of South 
Carolina Voluiitcers, Gregg's Brigade. He was one of the Color 
r,iiaril, and at ihc battle of Cold Harbor. Virginia: when Color Bearer 
James H. Taylor was killed, young Hayne took the flag and fearlessly 
carried it until he fell mortally wounded. 

Jambs AJiufanutKC, 
Formerly Captain Color Company, 

First Regiment, S. C V." 
" See Vol. II. of this magazine, p. 78. 



129 William H. Barnwell, b. Nov. 12, 1861. 

130 Isaac H. Baniwell, b. Febry. 21, 1864. 

131 Alice Trapier Barnwell, b, Oct. 12, 1865. 

132 Edward Barnwell, b. Mcli. 2t, 1868; d. Nov. 5. 1886. 

133 Stephen Elliott Barnwell, b. Febry. 13. 187a 

134 Harriet Hayne Barnwell, b. Oct. 12, 1871; d. Sept. 
9. 1874. 

135 Robert Woodward Barnwell, b. Febry. 7. 1873. 

136 Joseph Walker Barnwell, b. July 19, 1875. 

Isaac Havne [Isaac William^ William Edward*. Isaac", 
Isaac*, John'] was l«>rn July 16, 1839, and died November 
.7, 1888. During the Confederate war he served as an 
' aide upon the staff of Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood. 
He married Ellen Frost, by whom he had issue: 

137 Isaac Hayne, b. May 22, 1870; rf. Oct. 19, 1899. 

138 Mary D. Hayne, b. Jany. 14, 1871 ; d. Jan. 9, 1873. 

139 Ellen F. Hayne, b. Nov. 15, 1873. 

140 Henry F. Hayne, b. Jany. 22, 1876. 

141 Alice P. T. Hayne, b. June 29, 1878. 

142 Eliza F. Hayne, b. Oct. 21, 1880. 

143 Edmund Shubrick Hayne, b. Oct, 16, 1883. 
J44 Henrietta G. Hayne. b. Oct. 14, 1887. 

F- Theodore B. Hayne [Isaac Wni."', William Edw.*, Isaac*, 
Isaac", John'] was born March 12, 1841. On 19th, April, 
1870, he married Lillah Adams. He serveil in the Confed- 

,' crate war as a captain nf artillery in Lucas's tiattalion. By 
his marriage above he had issue : 

145 Margaret Hayne. b. Mch. 9. 1871. 
, 146 James Adams Hayne, b. .Mch. 18, 1872. 
1147 Alicia Trapier Hayne, b. May 12. 1875. 


148 Theodore B. Hayne. 6. Dec. 24. 1878; d. Dec. 2$, 


149 Tlieixtora B. Hayne, b. Sept. 29, 1889. 

Margaret Hayne [Theodore B.", Isaac William*. Wil- 
liam Edw.*, Isaac', Isaac*, John'] was bom March 9, 1871. 
On Dec. 10, 1891, she married H. C. Beattie, by whom she 
had issue: . 

150 Harvey Cleveland Beattie, b. Dec, 23, 1892. 
[51 Margaret H. Beattie. b. Aug. 19, 1896. 

152 Elizabeth A. Beattie, b. Sept. 6, 1899. 

153 Hamlin Beattie, b. Nov. 18, 1903. 

James Adams Hayne [Theodore B.*, Isaac W"*, Wtlliam 
Ed*^\ Isaac", Isaac*, John'] was born March 18, 1872. He 
married October 30, 1897, Frances Thome, by whom he had 

154 Theodore B. Hayne, b. Aug. 3, 1898. 

155 Frances T. Hayne, b. Dec. 25, 1900. 

156 Litlah A. Hayne, b. Oct. 5, 1902. 

Alicia T. Hayne [Theodore B.", Isaac W"*, William 
Ed"'*, Isaac", Isaac', John'] was bom May 12, 1875. On 
Oct. 15, 1902, she married William Martin Davidgc, by 
whom she had issue: 

157 Alicia H. Davidge. 


Paul Trapier Hayne [Isaac W"*, William Ed"-", Isaac*, 
Isaac*, John'] was born Dec. 14, 1846. He married Mari- 
anna Ir\'ine, .April 7, 1874, by whom he had issue: 

158 Mary Shubrick Ha>-ne, b. April i, 1875; d- ^^- "• 



159 Paul T. Hayue, b. Aug. 26, 1876. 

160 Adele I. Hayne, b. Nov. 13. 1877. 

161 Frances I. Hayne, b. Mch. 22, 1881. 

162 Isaac \V. Hayne, b. Mch. 23, 1883. 

163 Harriet B. Hayne, b. Nov. 15, 1884. 

164 Mananna Hayne, b. June 30, 1887. 

165 Frances McMalion Hayne, b. July 4, 1889. 

Paul T. Hayne [Paul T.". Isaac W»', William Ed-*, 
Isaac*. Isaac*. John'] was bom August 26, 1876. First 
Lieutenant 14th, Cavalry, U. S. A, On April 14, 1903, he 
married Hemiioiie Crosby by \v1ioni he had issue: 

166 Paul T. Hayne, b. Mch. 28. 1904. 


WiLLtAM E. Hayne [Isaac William*. William Ed*^. 
Isaac*. Isaac*, John'] was bom March 4, 1852, and mar- 
ried. December 10, 1888, Jeanne Honore Morancy, by 
-whom he had issue ; 

167 Franklin B. Hayne, b. Jaiiy. 28, 1891. 

168 Honore M. Hayne, 6. Nov. 10, 1892. 

169 William E. Hayne, b. Febry., 1894. 

170 Mary Agnes Hayne, b. Aug. 28, 1901. 

Franklin B. Hayne, christened Branford Shubrick 
Hayne [Isaac W"*, William Edward*, Isaac*. Isaac*. 
John'], was born February 13, 1858. His name was 
changed to Franklin B. Hayne April 13, 1861. He is a very 
successful cotton merchant of New Orleans. He married 
Emily Poiteveni, by whom he had issue: 

171 John Poitcvent Hayne. 

172 Maiy H. Hayne. 

173 Emily Hayne. 



Rebecca H. Havne [William Ed"''*. Isaac*. Isaac*. John'] 
was lK>rii July 17, 181 1. and died July 6, 1834. She mar- 
rie<I Judge A. P. Butler, afterwards U. S, Senator from 
SnulU Carolina**, by whom she had issue: 

174 Eloise lircvard Butler, (■. June 10, 1834. 

Eloise Mary Hayse [William Ed""**, Isaac". Isaac*, 
John'] was born Septemlier i, 1818. She married, May 
18, 1837, Gen. \Vm. E, Martin, by whom she had issue: 

175 Eliza H. Martin, b. Fabry. 26, 1838; d. inf. 

176 William D. Martin, b. Nov. i, 1839. 

177 Edward H. Martin, b. Febry, 26, 1841. 

178 Vincent F. Martin, b. Nov. 8, 1843. 

179 Sally D. Martin, b. Oct. 14, 1845. 

180 Robert H. Martin, b. Dec. 12, 1847. 

181 Eloisa B. Martin, b. July 14, 1850. 
183 Isaac H. Martin, b. Mch. 14, 1852; rf. same month. 

Sar.mi Martha Hayne [William Edward*, Isaac^, Isaac", 
John'] was bom February 12. 1820, and died June 18, 
1870. She married Alexander Ross Taylor, May 18, 1837, 
by «hom she had issue: 

183 William Hayne Taylor, b. Sept. 26, 1838; d. April 

18, 1862. 

184 Sally Oicsnut Taylor, b. Aug. 26, 1840; d. Dec. 4, 


185 John Taylor, b. Mcli. 11, 1842. 

186 Harriet Hayne Taylor, b. in 1843; <''*^ '" infancy. 

187 Alexander Ross Taylor, b. .Vug. 9, 1845: d. July 27. 


188 Isaac Hayne Taylor, b. Oct. 27. 1847; d. Dec 14, 

Albert Rhett Taylor, b. May 15, i860. 


The Capture of Fort Johnson in 1775. — The following 
note from Hon. Henry Laurens, President of the Council 
of Safety, to Lieutenant-Colonel Isaac Motte, who com- 
manded the detachment which on the moming of September 
15, 1775, captured Fort Johnson', has been discovered since 
the publication of the papers of the first Council of Safety 
of South Carolina in the ist., 2nd. and jrd. volume* of this 

lS>«i Sept. 1775 9 D'Oock U niglt 
We have such Confidence in you it to leave no Room to doubt yoor 
making a brave Defence in Case of an Attack; and we are pennaded 
lliat you wilt do every Thing that Prudence will warrant, to repel amy 
Font which may be brought agatnat you. 

Bndorttd: Copy to Colla. Motte 
IS Septem 1775- 

Captain Ezekiel Polk. — The following letter from Hon. 
Henry Laurens, President of the Council of Safety, baa like- 
wise been discovered since the publication of the papers of 
the first Council of Safety : 

Charles Town 13**. Octob'. 177$. 

Two circumstances occasioned our not answering yonr fonner 
Letter— M'. Henry who was to have called on the president neglected 
to do so & went out of Town. & a^ we had written fully to tbe Honblc. 
Mr. Drayton concerning your new raised Company & had relied u 
him for transmitting to you our Resolutions, it appeared u 
to repeal them by a Special Metienger. 
After you had retired from the Re-giment of Rangers^, we filled u 

' See Vol. I . of this magaitne, pp. 380-381, aSa, 383, 307 and ago. 
' Sec Vol. I. of ihii magaiine, pp. 6^^i. 



vacancy, tt then il was impraclicable to rejoin your Troop to that 
Corp — but in order to give due encouragement to your recollected zeal 
in the public Service, we Resolved to confirm the order of M'. Drayton 
& M'. Tenent' & authorized the former to assure you that ycnir 
Company should be kept in pay equal to that which is allowed to the 
Rangrrs, & we had reason to conclude that M', Drayton had given yo« 
the proper informalion on this head until his late return to Charlet 
Town when we learned from him that he had omitted it 
you Letter of the 3^. Inst, informs us that you have been active in the 
public cause as a Magistrate & a^ a friend to Liberty & we approve of 
the measures which you have pursued for retaining the Enemies of 
their own & of American freedom in a State of Neutrality* we hope 
such Steps will lead them on after further consideration, to be otn* 
friends — & in order to keep your Troops in proper exercise we desire 
you will immediately upon receipt hereof March to Dorchester A there 
offer your Service to the 'Commissioners for fortifying that Towa 
who will probably assign to you the guarding of the public Store of 
Gunn powder — inform us of your arrival there A we will transmit sudi 
farther orders as shall appear to be necessary. If you should not 
arrive at EJorchesier before the i". November, you will then leave your 
Company under the Command of your eldest Lieutenant & give your 
attendance in provincial Congress we shall make an early representa- 
tion of your peculiar circumstances & submit to the RepresmtBtives of 
the people whether it will be proper to add yours as a tenth Compaitr 
to the Regiment of Rangers or continue il under your sole Conumnd 
Independent.—iBy order of the Council of Safety 

Benjamin Waring Ear. 
A other^^ 

Captain El. PoOc— ^ 

Illicit Inter- Province Trade in 1776. — The following 
letter from Hon. Henry Laurens, President of the Council 
of Safety to the Parish Committee of St Peter's Parish, 
has been discovered since the publication of the papers of 
the second Council of Safety of South Carolirui in the 3rd. 
and 4th. volumes of this magaxine: 

'Ibid, p. 19a. 

' See Vol II., pp. 103-104, 361-362, 366-367. 


Cliarlet Town it*''. January I?76. 

As the Continenut Congress at Philadelphit have Reiolved 
ihai Vessel) ouglil nol lo load with ihc produce of the Colonic* to 
Trade even from one Colony to another but under the Inspection of 
Cbmrnitifcs & ai we are now very well assured that too much illicit 
Trade has been carried on (rom this Colony to Georgia & that at- 
lemptl are daily in pand to spread the Evil still wider, we find it need- 
sary lo take every Step in our power to put a stop to its progreu; lOr 
this end we desire you will be very waichfu! in every pari of your dis- 
trict & Suffer no Vessel to lake on board any of the produce of thia 
Colony under any pretence whatever without your permission 6rtt ob- 
tained & that you are well Satiilied such produce is intended to be 
transported only from one part of the Colony to another, It that no 
Vessel attempt to load or lake produce on board for any other Colony 
without a Special license — If at any lime you discover peraotu >t- 
tempting to contravene Ihc fore mentioned Resolution A orders, cantc 
their Vessels A effects on board to be Seized and Safely detained otitil 
you Shall have informed, ft received further instruction from, the Coun- 
cil of Safety, or Congrcsa. 

By order of the Cotmcil of SafeQ' 

The Committee for S'. Peter's PutT'tburgh*— i 

Endorsed: Copy lc«>i. Janr 1776. 
Comee at S". Petert 

A Son of Jean Pierre Purry. — The following very inter- 
esting account of a son of Colonel Jean Pierre Purry, the 
agent of the Government of South Carolina, who was so 
successful in procuring settlers for South Carolina in the 
thirties of the i8th century, is taken from The Slate Gasettt 
of South-Carolina for Monday, November 6, 1786: 

"Extract of a letter from Neufchklel (in Switicrland) July i, 1786. 

"The Baron of Purry died lately at Lisbon ; he was the youngeM Ma 
of Colonel Purry, the founder of Purrysburg, in South -Carolina. The 
generosity of that Nobleman towards his native place deserve* to be 
recorded for imitation of others. While he was living he sent to the 
town of Neuchatel, where he was b»rn, and of whidi he wu m dliten, 

* Purrysburgh — so named in honor of Jean Pierre Purry, the fouoder of 
the tom. 


SOfiool. sterling to build an Hospital and State-HouM, which are tira 
inagniRcent buildings — In acknowledgment for such a noble gift, oar 
Magistrate applied to the King of Prussia our Sovereign, humbl)' re- 
questing him, that he would grant to Mr. Purry the title of Baroti, 
iriiich that great remunerator of merit granted very graciously. The 
B*ron of Purry by his will has left to our town, as a Corporation, 103, 
oool. sterling, beiides tSJ3odi. in legacies to scvermi of his friends here. 
Tile immense fortune he had acquired (in a fair trade, and not by tour- 
dering and plundering) is reckoned to be worth Soaoool. sterling. The 
two sons of John Bull. Esq. Delegate of the SUte of South-Carolina 
to Congress, are the Baron's heirs at law, their deceased mother being 
his niece— He died a batchelor at the age of 76 ye»r»." 

MoBE Marbiagb Notices fboh The South-Cabouna 
Gazette. — The foHcwing arc two more mamage notices 
which the editor of this magazine overlooked when making 
his comptlatiqn of Marriage Notices in The South-Carolina 
Caxette and Its Successors: 

We have by the last Advice from Furrysburg an account of the noble 
Effects the Climate of that Colony has produced: There is six Couples 
entfaauiced tbcacc for Savannah in Georgia, to be joyn'd in the holy 
Stale of Matrimony, and half a dozen pair more are preparing them- 
selves for the same. (Saturday, March 2, 1734.) 
Charleitown, Febr. 1$. On Thursday last Mr. John Garkct, an emi- 
nenl Merchant of this Town was married to Mrs. Elisabeth Hill, a 
young, beautiful and genteel Lady, with a considerable Fortune, eldest 
Daughter of Ch. Hill Esq; deceased. A splendid Entcrtainmenl in 
the Evening was prepared for a large Company, who diverted thon- 
sdves all Night, and in the morning the hearty Wishes of Happtneu 
and Welfare to the new married Couple were followed by the firing off 
Ibe Guns of several Vessels in this Harbour. (Saturday, February 15, 

Charleston's Portrait of Monroe. — "The ftill length 
Portrait of the President of the United States, for our 
■'^iiy-Hail, painted by Mr. Morse, has arrived in the ship 
President, and will, we understand, shortly be ready for 
public inspection." — The Cftorleston Courier, Friday, De- 
ceniber 15, 182a 
"The Likeness of James Monroe, President of the United 



, Stales, painted for the City by Mr. Morse, has been placed 
m the City-Hall, beside the likeness of Washington, which 
was painted for the City, at the time that venerated patriot 

I visited our State*, during the period of his Presidency." — 
Ibid, Friday, December 22, 1820. 

•M«y, 1791. 


^^L Genei 

Hon. Charles Henry Simonton, a member of the South 
Carolina Historical Society, died at the Orthopedic Hospi- 
tal in the city of Philadelphia, on the morning of Monday, 
April 25, 1904. He was born in Charleston, July 11, 1829, 
and was the son of Charles S. and Elizabeth (Ross) Si- 
monton, of Charleston, S. C. After passing through the 
High School of Qiarleston he entered the College of Char- 
leston, but left that institution in the same year and entered 
the South Carolina College, from whence he was gradu- 
ated in 1849, with first honors in a class of sixty-four. He 
laught school for about a year with Professor William J. 
Rivers, of Charleston, and then read law with Judge Robert 
Mimro. He was admitted to the Bar at Columbia in 1851, 
and practiced alone until 1857, when he formed a co-part- 
nership with a former class-mate at the South Carolina Col- 
lege, Theodore G. Barker, under the firm name of Simon- 
Ion & Barker, which co-partnership continued for twenty- 
nine years. In 1851-2 he was assistant clerk of the House 
of Representatives of South Carolina. In 1858 he was 
elected a member of the House of Representatives from St. 
Philip's and St. Michael's parishes and was reelected in 
i860. In [861 he entered Confederate service as captain 
of the Washington Light Infantry, of Charleston, and in 
1863 was elected colonel of the 25th. Regiment, South Car- 
olina Volunteers, commanding that regiment to the end of 
the war. He was taken prisoner at Town Creek, below 
Wilmington. N. C. in February. 1865. and held at Fort 
Delaware until the following .'August. Uptm his release 
he returned to Charleston and resumed the practice of law 
and was soon thereafter elected a delegate to the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1865 and in 1866 was elected to the 
House of Representatives, and, upon the meeting of the 
General Assembly, was elected Speaker of the House, and 



^^1 so served until the State was placed under military govem- 

^^M ment by the Unfted States Govenunent. In i86S he was a 

^^B dele^te to the Democratic National Convention and was 

^^M South CaroHna's representative on the Democratic Na- 

^^1 tional Committee. In 1876 he was again elected to the 

^^M ■ House of Representatives and reelected at each succeeding 

^^1 biennial election until 1886, serving during that time as 

^^M chairman of the Judiciary Committee of the House. On 

^H September 6, 18S6, he was appointed by President Qeve- 

^H land to the position of District Judge of the United States 

^H Court for the District of South Carolina. In 1893 he was 

^^P appointed, by President Cleveland, judge for ,the 4th. Cir- 

^H cuit of the United States Circuit Court, and held that po- 

^H sition at the time of his death. For many years he had held 

^H the positions of chairman of the Board of School Com* 

^H missioners of the City of Charleston, president of the Board 

^H of Trustees of the South Carolina Medical Collie and 

^H ■ president of the Board of Trustees of the College of Char- 

^H icston. He had also formerly held the positions of pres- 

^H ident of the Charleston Library Society, president of the 

^H Charleston Qub, a Commissioner of the Charleston Orphan 

^H ' House, solicitor of the People's National Bank, director 

^H of the Stono Phosphate Company. He was married, April 

^H 29, 1852, to Ella, daughter of Hon. Thomas Worth Glover. 

^B of Orangeburg, S. C, who, with one daughter, Mrs. B. 

F. Alston, survives him. 

Judge Simonton was the author of several legal works. 
With James Conner, Esq., he prepared and published in 
1857 A Digest of the Equity Reports of the State of South 

His other wbrks are: Lectures on Jurisdiction and Prac- 
tice of United States Courts; The Federal C 
xaHon, Jurisdiction and Procedure. 






VOL. V— NO. 4. 

OOTOBBFj. 1904. 

BslOTfd M Um Pa«t«ac« M ChulMKiB. B. C, Mdaeond-eUHlUlur 


>.y c 


Joseph W. Barnwell, Henby A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Sallsy, Jk. 


A. S. Salley, Jr. 


Letters of John Lanrens to his btfaer, Hon. Henry 

Laurens , , . „ . 197 

Records of the Regiments of the S. C Line, Continen- 
tal Establishment- , 209 

Soutli Carolina Gleanings in England __ ^_ 218 ■ 

The Moultries, „. 399 1 

Historical Notes __.._ a6i 1 

Index 263 I 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. V. OCTOBER, 1904. No. 4 


[The South Carolina Historical Society possesses but four of the 
letters written to his father by John Laurens while a student abroad. 
Had there been anything like a full set of these letters they would 
have been published with the letters from father to son, which ran in 
this magazine from April, 1903, to July, 1904, so as to give a complete 
correspondence. ] 


Not having been in the City for two or three days past, 

I have had but a few hours notice of the present opportunity 

of writing to you* — and as I have not your last Letters 
about me I must answer them, as well as I can from memory 

— ^first with respect to the Bristol Expedition I think it will 

be attended with Loss of Time and pernicious Interruption to 

my studies, for I must gain as much as possible of the 

Theory of my Profession in order that I may advance with 

firmer steps in the Practice — Harry shall pass his Holy Days 

* This letter did not originally belong to the Laurens Collection of 
the South Carolina Historical Society. It was recently purchased in 
Philadelphia by Mr. Henry R. Laurens, of Charleston, a member of the 
Society, who presented it to the Society as an addition to the Laurens 


as agreeably & usefully as I caft make him — ^Jemmy I 
think will be infinitely better at Walsall than Shifnall for the 
Reasons you mention — I have written to the little fellow 
to day, and shall keep up a constant Correspondence with 
him — Little Westminster is hearty and well, begins to make 
Sense Verses — ^but I refer you to his* Letter inclosed, which 
with the Papers, M^ Mannings and my Letter were returned 
from Falmouth — Inclosed too, you will find Public Adver- 
tisers from Saturday — & I shall now send you them regularly 
— M*" Deans communicated your Directions about Garden 
seed to me, to day — I think you have taken all the Essential 
Articles for a Kitchen Garden — except spinach; but that 
and such other Articles as may occur shall be added. — your 
poor old Landlady has been so ill that we thought her about 
to make her Exit — her leg and stomach very much swelled — 
and what you call'd Gout is now pronounced to be something 
of a Dropsy — her Illness seem'd to cast a Damp upon Deans 
and make him falter in his Resolution of going to Carolina 
— but as she took an Airing yesterday and is somewhat 
better I fancy he will summdn up Resolution enough to 
embark — M*" Kendall has call'd twice upon me, and will 
settle Accounts with M^ Manning to morrow — I have worn 
my Black Gown twice at the Temple, and shall break Bread 
there as often as is necessary for keeping my Terms- — I 
have attended the Court of King's Bench, but have heard 
nothing of Consequence, though as I am a perfect Novice I 
cannot fail of picking up some Instruction — M"" Alderman 
Kennett has brought an Action against the Printer of the 
Publick Ledger for a scandalous Parag^ph inserted there, 
accusing the Alderman of enriching himself & duping others 
by a rascally Trick on Cards — M"" Corbett desires his Com- 
pliments to you, he promises to introduce me to M"" Har- 
grave after Term — You are indebted to M"" Poyas who sits 
by me and presents his Respects for the bad news concerning 
Rice which is marked on the back of M"" Mannings Letter 


— I send you the Even* Post because it contains M^ Burke's 
Florid speech— to the Electors of Bristol. The Lord Mayor 
was so ill on his great Day, that it was thought he would 
not be able to go through the Ceremony of it, he was obliged 
to leave the Ball very early, and has been very poorly ever 
since — never was so podt* a Shew of Gens comme il faut, 
nor such a Number of the Poliscon Order collected upon any 
Public Occasion — Lords Mountmorres & Mahon the only 
Noblemen that honoured the Ball with their Presence — ^the 
former open'd the Ball with Miss Wilkes the Lady Mayress 
— I was mistaken when I said that he was chosen in for L** 
Clinton's Borough — L** Mahon tells me it is not decided 
Present my kind Love to all my Friends — Patsy may expect 
a Letter from me by M^ Deans — That God may protect and 
bless my Dear Parent is the constant Prayer of his most 
affectionate & Dutiful 

John Laurens. 
Carolina Coffee House 1 5*^ Nov"". 1 774. 
I am just going to Guild Hall where I shall have an oppor- 
tunity of hearing the Proceeding in a Commission of Bank- 
ruptcy — apropos to this M"" Poyas tells me there is a Caro- 
lina House (Rob*. Smith Jun^.) which has fail'd since you 
left London — 


It does not seem natural in our present Circumstances to sit 
down to write to America, without having an ample Store 
of Political History and Prophecy, but of the former I know 
no more than is contained in the Papers sent herewith, and 
in the latter as far as I have heard there is so much Ab- 
surdity and Contradiction, that if I were to communicate 
the various Predictions, it would rather be by way of Satire 
upon Politicians in general than from any hope of enUgfat- 
ening you with respect to our future Fortunes — these to be 
sure will be very bad, if we m^y judge even from the mild- 


est of the opinions which I have been used tc hear lately, 
for it has so happen'd on our little Excursion, that we have 
conversed with more Tories than Patriots — Our Pall Mall 
Friend — Governor Hutchinson who lodged in the same 
house with us at Bath, introduced Politics of his own Ac- 
cord, and with one of his sons held a long Dispute with 
Beresford and myself. Viator, who by the bye was the 
most moderate of the three, all agreed in our Ruin, tho' 
they differed in the means of effecting it — and now I begin 
to be quite sick of the many long winded and fruitless Let- 
ters which overflow our Public Papers; enough has been 
said upon the Subject if Argument could have been of any 
avail — ^there is now a necessity for Action — Firmness I 
hope will ever be the Characteristick of Americans; if I 
have any Fear, it is that the Arts of Luxury incidental to 
Riches and Commerce may have already crept in too far 
upon us — and that the Mercantile part, will hardly be per- 
suaded to be long bereft of their accustomed Profits — ^how- 
ever I hope we shall have Patriots enough to keep the faint 
hearted from sinking, and false Brethren in awe — I con- 
gratulate my Country upon the additional strength it has 
received by your Arrival, and wish in the words of Aga- 
memnon to Nestor, that it had been ten other such Coun- 
cilors as you — Nestor's Name reminds me of Lord Chat- 
ham, who has made a noble Exertion of his Oratory in spite 
of his Age and Infirmities — I must go and see L*^ Stanhope 
& Mahon who I find have both call'd upon me in my ab- 
sence from Town, and learn the particulars of his speech 
from them, to night I make one, of a Nursery of Orators 
at the Devil Tavern — where the middle Templars meet and 
harangue upon different subjects, principally confined tho' 
to the Study which they are pursuing — I must have recourse 
to something of this kind in order to exercise my argumenta- 
tive Faculties, for my Friend with whom I eat and drink, 
is the merest machine in the world — the most barren in Con- 


versation and least calculated to improve, of any Man I ever 
was connected with — ^however he and his Wife are both 
very well disposed and good People, and I must make the 
best of it — the elder Brother is a sensible clever Fellow, and 
I cultivate his acquaintance as much as possible — 
Letters from Walsall from M^ Stone and our dear little 
Jemmy, are inclosed — will you indulge him in his Plan for 
spending Whitsimtide Holidays? I promise to take great 
care of him, and shall be glad of an oportunity of having 
him under my eye for a week or two — Harry is become as 
great a favorite among your Town Friends as Jemmy used 
to be, he spends this day with me, and if he does not come 
too late will write you a Letter. 

You see by the different Colour of the Ink, that this Letter 
had been begun and laid by some days, it was intended to 
go by Cap^ Compton, but by a blundering Message from 
the Coffee House I understood that he was still in Town, but 
upon farther Inquiry I find that he is sailed — with the Pa- 
pers I have put up M" M^Cauley's Address, L** Chatham's 
Speech, which is said to be spurious and of which his Lord- 
ship has forbid the Publication The Printer has artfully put 
new Edition upon the Title Page — If I ever felt true joy 
in a supreme degree it was on the Receipt of your much 
wish'd for Letter by the Packet,* notwithstanding the Safety 
of Voyages in general I could not be free from Anxiety until 
I heard from yourself, that you were landed on the firm 
Continent, and the strong hope, that I had, and which is 
expressed in the fore part of my Letter, was not unallayed 
by Fears — I am sorry that your Activity was call'd forth by 
such a dreadful Accident as Fire — ^the consequent weakness 
in your L^, will I hope have pass'd off, long since — 
The News man to whom I sent for the Public Lq;ers of 
6^* August, says they arc not to be had any where, how- 

*Set letter in Vol. IV. of this magazine, pp. 263-268. 


ever father Inquiry shall be made and if they are to be had, 
they shall be sent directed to M* Gadsden — ^ 
I have but a little time to spare, but I must tell you, what 
has happen'd between S^ Egerton Leigh and me — As I was 
standing in one of the Committee Rooms with a Counsellor 
of my Acquaintance, I discovered the Bar*, with his face 
tum'd towards me, a little Rapid Reasoning in my own 
mind, made me think proper to give him the usual Compli- 
ment of the Hat, which he did not return; Pride hinder'd 
me from changing my Countenance to any other than a look 
of Contempt and Indifference, tho I felt that spice of Mor- 
tification which 1 believe most people would be sensible of 
upon a similar occasion — after a minute or two had pass'd 
and we had advanced nearer to the scene of Business, he 
came up to me took off his Hat and made a very decent 
Apology for not knowing me, he thought it had been a Gen- 
tleman Unknown to him bowing to some other Person in 
the Crowd — In effect the sun had shone so directly into his 
Eyes, through a neighboring Window — that I suppose he 
could not know — then pass'd complimentary Inquiries from 
each Party about Friends — I had not then received your 
Letter — the next day he paid me a Visit and was admitted 
before I knew who it was — ^he introduced himself by saying 
that if I had not yet heard from you, he could tell me that 
you were arrived — I was much obliged to him but had re- 
ceived a Letter soon after I parted from him yesterday — af- 
ter some Conversation, he said he hoped I would come and 
see him, that Lady Leigh particularly entreated it — I bowed 
and told him he was very kind, made him no Promise and 
tum'd the Conversation to something else — I was booted and 
prepared for a Ride with M"" Manning — so that his Stay with 
me was not long — ^At taking Leave, he he again press'd 
me to come and take a Dinner with him in a friendly way 

'Sec Vol. IV., p. 267. 


and to appoint a Day for that Purpose beg'd that I would 
promise him — fear'd that I had some Reason for not coming 
that I did not choose to express — ^ask'd me whether you 
would have any objection to it — upon the whole he was so 
very solicitous, that I was obliged to tell him that you did 
not think it proper — he said he was sensible that there could 
not be on a sudden that Cordiality on our Parts — ^but that he 
hoped you would permit it to come by degrees — htg'd me 
to write on the subject to you — ^ask'd me if you would take 
it amiss of him if he were to write you a Letter — I answer'd 
you would be glad to hear from him — he took his Leave in 
an affectionate manner — I must confess that from my 
knowledge of the People I would rather do them service at 
a distance, than be within the reach of their Civilities — 
My love to my Uncle and Aunt sisters and every Friend, I 
congratulate them all upon their possessingyou again — and 
you upon your safe Arrival among so many who love and 
cherish you — 

Moore troops are preparing for America. I suppose the Pol- 
icy is to send them out by degrees, 'till there shall be a suf- 
ficient Number for a sure stroke — the disadvantage we la- 
bour under is that any extraordinary measure taken by us 
will be interpreted Rebellion — while all that's doing a£;ainst 
us has the sanction of Government — from all that I can 
se^ Matters are gone too far for Accommodation — ^and I 
think we should train our Men throughout the Continent 
to Arms — secure a Retreat for the Old and Weak, and make 
ready for the worst — Adieu — 

John Laurens. 

Inclosed are Letters to yourself and Doctor Garden, to 
whom present my best Respects — 

The Letters directed to John Petrie, and left at the Caro- 
lina Coffee House, go next Tuesday — I suppose they are 
from his Cha' Town Friends — 

204 so. CA. HisrmacAL and (znkalogical magazike. 

Endorsed: John Laurtns no date siqiposed 

to be wrote about 20 January 1775 
Rec**. 16 May * M' Grant 

Answ^ 17** 


Addressed: Henry Laurens Esq'. 

Charles Town 

So Carolina. 

My Dear Father/ 

Your Letter of 14*** August was deliv- 

er'd to me just as I had despaired of hearing any other In- 
telligence of you than such general Accounts as I might by 
chance gather from my Carolina Acquaintance — ^they were 
all happy in comparing the advices of their Friends, I had 
made fruitless Inquiries at M** Manning^s and the Coffee- 
House ; youf Letters came the day after other people had 
read theirs, to give me a Happiness that was heighten'd by 
the preceding Contrast — what occasioned this extraordinary 
Delay I have not yet discovered neither do I know what is 
become of Mons*^ Rilliet and the papers said to be in his 

I shall leave them for the present to make you hearty 
Congratulations on the Success of our gallant Country- 
men — to tell you with rapture that your desire of restoring 
the Rights of Men, to those wretched Mortals who have so 
long been unjustly deprived of them, coincides exactly 
with my Feelings upon that Subject — and above all to thank 
you for the permission which you have given me to return 
to my Native Country — American papers of a late date 
had been distributed before I received your Letter: and 
the Battle of Sullivant's Island as described in Well's Ga- 
zette* copied immediately by the English papers — ^but im- 

*Stt The South-Carolina and American General Gasette (R. Wells and 
Son) of Friday, August 2, 1776. 


partial People had been convinced even from S^ P. Parker's 
own account; notwithstanding irksome truths had been sup- 
press'dy and great pains had been taken by the choice of 
expressions in relating the Matter to palliate his Defeat, 
that the honour of a very clear Victory was due to our Coun- 
trymen — I suppose you know that L** W". Campbell was 
so condescending as to take the Command of the Bristol's 
lower deck — it does not appear to me that the Ships went 
near enough to your Fort, to attack it with advantage — ^yet 
I am told that the Depth of Water was sufficient to admit 
them close to the shore — if there is no sand bank or shoal 
to serve as a natural defence, it was well imagined to place 
the Fort at some distance from the Water's edge — for when 
a ship can lay pretty near to the battery she places great 
dependence upon the small Arms &ce in her Tops, the Men 
stationed there pick off those who are employed in working 
the Enemy's Guns — & it is on this account I think that the 
parapets of Forts near the Water are made higher than 
those of Fortifications in general are — Our spirits raised by 
Coll** Moultrie's Victory have been proportionably sunk by 
the accounts of our misfortunes at long Island* — ^but we 
allow ourselves to hope that the next Intelligence will be 
more favourable and that Revenge will be more active in 
the minds of our Countrymen than Terror — 
The equitable Conduct which you have resolved upon with 
respect to your N^^oes, will tuidoubtedly meet with great 
Opposition from interested Men — I have often conversed 
upon the subject and I have scarcely ever met with a Native 
of the Southern provinces or the W. Indies, who did not 
obstinately recur to the most absurd Arguments in support 
of Slavery — but it was easy to perceive that they consider'd 

^Not Long Island, South Girolina. The fight that took place at Breech 
Inlet, between Sullivans Island and Long Island (now Isle of Palms) 
at the same time that the fleet and the fort were engaged decidedly 
was not a "misfortune"* for the Americans. 


only their own advantage arising from the Fact, and em- 
barassed themselves very little about the Right — indeed 
when driven from everything else — ^they generally exclaim'd 
— Without Slaves how is it possible for us to be rich There 
may be some Inconvenience and even Danger in advancing 
Men suddenly from a state of Slavery, while possessed of 
the manners and Principles incident to that State, there may 
be danger I say in advancing such Men too suddenly to the 
Rights of Freemen — ^the Example of Rome suffering from 
Swarms of bad Citizens who were freedmen is a warning 
to us to proceed with Caution ; and the necessity for it is an 
Argument of the complete Mischief occasioned by our con- 
tinued Usurpation — we have sunk the African and their de- 
scendants below the standard of Humanity, and almost ren- 
der'd them incapable of that Blessing which equal Heaven 
bestow'd upon us all — ^by what shades and Degrees they are 
to be brought to the happy state which you propose for them, 
is not to be determined in a moment — ^whatever I can col- 
lect from Books, and the Conversation of sensible Men shall 
be carefully attended to and considered — in the meantime I 
am glad to find that you had the same Confidence in me, 
that I had in you — ^the Plan of agitation has been for some 
time a favorite one of mine — ^and I should have written my 
Thoughts as fully upon the Subject as I have spoken them 
here to M"" Manning and others of our Friends who have 
opposed me in it, but that the present State of our Affairs 
seem'd to require the matter to be a little postponed. 
Will you forgive me Sir for adding a Daughter in Law to 
your Family without first asking your Consent — I must re- 
serve particulars 'till I have the pleasure of seeing you — my 
Wife M"^ Manning's youngest Daughter promises soon to 
give you a Grand Child — 

If I could manage to spend the Winter as a Volunteer in 
Prussia, at little expence, I sh**. come out to you pretty well 
trained early in the Spring — if the service to be learn'd in 


the time will not make it worth the while which matter I am 
just now consulting — I shall take my Passage immediately 
for Carolina — 

The Account of your Exercise on Horseback makes me 
happy as it gives me an Assurance of your good Health — 
long may God preserve it — ^Your Children here and my Un- 
cle and Aunt are well — ^my Uncle has been somewhat indis- 
posed owing I believe to the Approach of the Winter — 
Harry goes on very well and will be left in very good 
hands — 

This Letter my Father in Law is to send by way of the W. 
Indies — I shall have the pleasure of writing to you again 
by the way of Bourdeaux — whto I shall mention M. Bre- 
mar who I am sorry to inform you has not conducted her- 
self as well as she ought to have done. 

Your most affectionate and dutiful 

J Laurens. 
26^ Octob. 1776. 

Endorsed: John Laurens 

26 October 1776 
22 March 1777. 

My Dear Father 

As I find M** Manning is still writing to the 

W. Indies, I trouble him to forward this, tho' I have only 

to repeat what my last contain'd — that all whom you love 

here are well — ^but unhappy in being separated from you — 

and that I am preparing to join you as soon as possible. 

There is a piece of Business however which just occurs to 

me, and I am the better pleased that it does, as M' Izard 

whom it regards, seems to be very imeasy at not having 

heard from you upon the subject and his affairs in general — 

he says he wrote to you fearing that your Attention to Public 

Affairs would leave you but little opportunity of inspecting 


his private Concerns, to desire that you would appoint M' 
T. Farr to act under your direction and disburthcn you of 
the more laborious Parts — that he would be glad to repeat 
this Request — most of his Letters to you have been sent by 
indirect Conveyances, and he thinks must have miscarried — 
I delivered him the Message contained I think in your Let- 
ter forwarded by M' Wright — ^and have represented to him 
how closely you have been engaged in matters of more Im- 
portance than Individual property — 
My Wife desires her Duty to you and I remain your most 
dutiful and affectionate 

14^ Nov. 1776. 

Endorsed: Jn**. Laurens 

14 Novem 1776 
Rec**. 27 Aug* 1777. 
Ralph Izard's affairs 

John Laurens. 


[Continued from the July number.] 


[a roster of officers of the 6*^ REG*.^®] 

"This roster and the two following appear on three pages of a folio 
sheet from a book. It was evidently a brigade roster or order book 
and this fragment is all that has been preserved of it. 




Roster of the Officers of the 6**H_R^nient Apl 15, I779 

















9 M 


5 „ 

9 w 

















3Stf -a. 






























[a guard roster of the 1ST. AND 6tH. REGTS.] 

Roster of i*' : & 6"*: Reg=for Guard December. 1779. 









decemf J any 17 
3t«- H 







Jany Jany 8 d" i8 
1—1780 IJlt^ 3S 







a6 Deer Jany 7 23 
lanr -2^ — ig 




Decemr Jany 9 2o 
27'b 14 28 




Jany 4 



Dec' 28 Jany 10 30 
Jd Jany ai 




dec 29 Jany 5 Jany 15 




Dec Jany 6 Jany 12 ajd 
30 leib 








Deer. Decern' Jany 7 Jany 23^ 
26tl> 31" 11 17"' 26 



27 Jany 

28'li !•! 1780 Jany 7 Jany 22*1 
3^ Jany ll'*" 27 







Dect 28 Jany I" /any 8 Jany 15 aj<l 
Jd Jany I2<H Sick 


Dec. Jany 5 Jany 12 Jany 19 
29 ditto 8 is"" 2311 : 



Dec Decern Jany 3 Jany g Jany 15 
26th 29 13"' 19 



Decern ditto Jany 6 Jany 9 Jany 16 

jfilh.. 30- I3»l^ 30 . 

34 4 

29 1 
» 39 



Dec. 27. d" 29 Jany 6 Jany 10 Jany 

31". dec. Jany Jany 10 Jany 17 
30 H'^ 


Jany 21 



[a partially destroyed roster.] 

A Roster of [obliterated] Regiments [obliterated] Feby 28. 


Jo Warlcy 
G Warlcy 



Baker 3^" 











[report of court of inquiry ON LIEUT. ERASER.] 

(Here Insert the Gen^ Order for the Court's Sitting.) 

January 12*** 1780 

Pursuant to the above Order the Court met this Day 

Presid*. Major Harleston 
Members Captains Elliott & Buchanan 

Lieutenants Langford & Bradwell 
The Court for want of Evidence Adjourned 'till Tomorrow 
10. oClock The Court met Accord* to Adjoumm^ no Evi- 

"Richard Bohun Baker. "Jesse Baker, of the 3d. Regiment. 
*The records accompanying these names are all obliterated 


dence appearing adjourned 'till Tomorrow & from Day to 
Day afterwards to 
January i6. 1780 

The Evidences attending The Court [word or two oblit- 
erated] proceeded to the Examination of Captain Jacob 
Milligan [several words obliterated] about to quit the Ves- 
sel he looked to see [word or two obliterated] could bring 
[two or three words obliterated] the wounded when he dis- 
covered Lieut. Eraser below, without the Crescent on his 
Cap but that he did not see him in the Action on [undeciph- 
erable word] as he recollects 

Jn**. Milligan says that in the heat of the Action he saw U. 
Eraser below, with the Crescent out of his Cap 
W"*- Bishop says that Capt Milligan at the Commencem*. 
of the Action had Ordered the Hold to be open for the re- 
ception of the wounded when he observed M^. Eraser go 
down — & that he never saw him again on Deck — 
QvL When you saw him on Deck did he appear possest of 
himself — 

An — He did not appear disconcerted & went leisurely down 
the Hold — ^but never returned again on Deck while he was 
on board 

Cap^ M. again called — Qu — Did you not say that U. Eraser 
desired to know when on board if you intended to fight in 
y"". uniform 

An — Yes. He did ask me & my answer was I would & if 
killed should be in them — Capt M. being asked if M'. Eraser 
appeared Calm th° Confused — He Answered he thought he 

L^ Eraser produced on his defence The Depositions of Jn® 
Davis — Th**. Jones Richard Martin Mariners — sec the 
Depositions — adding that he did not at any time go down 
into the Hold but remained on Deck & that he assisted one 
of the wounded near his Station 

The Court after full Consideration of the Evidence pro- 


duced is of opinion that Lieutenant Eraser is a subject for 
a General Court Martial 



Addressed: Major Harleston 

Fort Moultrie/ 

Charlestown Jan : 20 : 1 780 
Dear Major, 

The Governor will send twenty Militia 

to augment the Garrison, you will be so good as to accom- 
modate thefn in the best manner, and as soon as they ar- 
rive send a party of a Serjeant & Nine regfulars to Dewees's 
Island to serve as a covering party there to the Negjoes 
who are to cut wood for the Garrison. I hope you received 
twelve Cords of wood the day before yesterday I was 
surprised to find from a Letter of Major De Brahm to CoP : 
Laumoy that some of the soldiers have died for the want 
of Medicines & Necessaries in the Hospital, as D*" : Orr may 
have whatever supplies He thinks requisite on only taking 
the trouble to apply to the General Hospital. I have not 
received a Letter from my Brother^' since I saw you, but 
Phil Neyle tells me that he is exceedingly reduced by the 
flux & is now giving the Beaume de Vie a fair tryal. My 
Mother^® writes me he is very poorly. I mentioned to you 
I believe that I had neither seen nor heard from CoP : Scott, 
but am informed that he will be at the Fort tomorrow. 
Marion, Henderson & Scott are our Lieutenant Colonels;- 



Major Thomas Pinckney. 

Mrs. Eliza (Lucas) Pinckney, widow of Hon. Charles Pinckney, 
sometime chief -justice of South Carolina. 


Pinckney, Harleston & Hyrne our Majors.^^ I do not con- 
gratulate you on your appointment because I know you 
wished for an Honorable opportunity of retiring to the 
Class of a private Citizen,, but I congratulate my Coun:'i*y 
on the assurance we now have of not losing your atiilities in 
the Field during the Continuance of the present war. I 
shall write you more fully tomorrow at present Davis waits 
for my Letter. I beg my love to the officers & remain 

Yrs sincerely 
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney — 
I am obliged to you for your favor of yesterday. 



Addressed: [Torn off] aac Harleston 


Fort Moultrie 

Dear Sir 

I have occasions for 5 m feet 2 Inch 5 m feet Inch 

& half & 5 m feet Inch & quarter pine plank, for a Vessel 

to load, can You supply me with that Quantity, & when, 

for which the Cash shall be immediately paid on delivery. 

I should be glad of your answer as soon as possible, cither 

to M*". Corbetts (where I write this with a bad pen as you 

may see) or if the Coxswain knows my House to be sent 

there — I am with regard 

Can you let me have also Y*" Very hble Serv*. 

20 to 25 bbls Tarr & Geo. Abbott Hall 

ICG bis Turpentine 24^. January 1780 — 

''He evidently knew before the publication by Gen. Lincoln of his order 
of February 11, 1780, consolidating the five infantry regiments of South 
Carolina into three, what officers were to be retained in active service. 
(See the order in Vol. III. of this magazine, pp. 177-179.) 



Addressed: Major Harleston 

or the Commanding officer 


Fort Moultrie/ 

Charlestown. Jan 27: 1780= 
Dear Major, 

The signals of the French Frigates are a 

Dutch Flag at the Main mast — 

If the Enemy are upon the Coast a Blue Flag at the Main 

Please to add to your Estimate of Plank the Quantity which 
will be necessary the repair the Planks in the Fort imme- 
diately how the guns are, and [undfecipheraMe word] 
place the Plank at [undecipherable word] Guard, and make 
each note separate. 

The General has informed me that the voice of the ma- 
jority of the Regiments were that the Captains to fill up the 
three retained regiments should be appointed by the Field 
Officers after the Field officers had been elected by the 
Governor and himself and that they had accordingly agreed 
that the three regiments should be commissioned by the 
following Field Officers, viz. 

ICoV: Pinckney 
U: CoV: Scott 
Major Pinckney — 

2-:Rcg«: I L» : Col': Marion 
C Major Harleston 
'' Col' : Thompson 
L*^ Col': Henderson (if he will accept, if not, 
U: Col': Horry) 
^ Major Hyme 

3**: Reg*: ^ 


The General has ordered me to collect the sentiments of the 
said F: officers with respect to the Captains for filling up 
the line as soon as possible. To each regiment there are to 
be Nine Captains now appointed. I shall be therefore glad 
to receive your sentiments on the above subject by the very 
first opportunity. For my own part, I think the mode least 
liable to exception, will be to appoint the 2y Captains who 
have been longest in Service. I dcm't mean the 27 Eldest 
Captains, but the 2^ oldest officers who have now the rank 
of Captain, as I think those officers who have been perhaps 
three years in the service or more, and who have but lately 
obtained the rank of Captain are entitletd to be preferred 
on account of their long service to those who tho' Senior 
Captains have not been in the Service altogether above a 
year or two. But these are only my private sentiments on 
this Matter, and I shall be happy to receive yours without 
delay. When Col' : Scott arrives, be so good as to shew him 
this Letter and tell him, I shall be glad to receive his sen- 
timents on the same subject. 

Yrs sincerely 

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney — 

\To be continued in the next number of this magacine.] 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, jo Little Russell Street, 
W. C, London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. Waters, 

not before printed). 

[Continued from July Number.] 

Henry Peronneau, Charles Town, South Carolina, Gen- 
tleman. Will 27 January 1753; |)rovec[ 9 August 1755. 
To executor £1575 money of Province to be disposed of as 
by letter to them, and to them suits of mourning and 
mourning rings. To wife Elizabeth Peronneau £10,000 
mooey of South Carolina, releasing dower, &c. To said 
wife on said condition and while a widow House where I 
live in Charles Town bounding North on Queen Street and 
use of all Goods, Furniture, Plate, Negroes, and Slaves. 
To son Henry Peronneau junior my messuage in Brick- 
House and Land where James Michell, Esquire, lives west- 
ward and fronting on old church otherwise called Meeting 
Street in said Town, and also £1000 money of the Province. 
To son Arthur Peronneau at 21 £7000 money of the Prov- 
ince and messuage or house and land formerly belonging to 
Marmaduke Aish deceased which I bought at out cry situate 
on the south side of Broad Street in said Town fronting 
northward and also the Moiety of a certain Gate-Way about 
five feet wide next westward there fenced off of my other 
land lying westward said gate-way to be kept always open 
for use of heirs of son Arthur and also of son James Per- 
onneau. To son Robert Peronneau at 21 £7000 province 
money and Reversion of part of a lot of land opposite where 
I live as well as Messuage where I live both fronting on 
Queen Stfeet, immediately after the determination of my 
wife Elizabeth's wife or widowhood. To son James Peron- 
neau at 21 £7000 province money and messuage and land 
bought of Andrew Devaux on South Side of Broad Street 


fronting Northward, butting eastward on said Gate- Way. 
with moiety of said Gatte-Way &c. ; also messuage or 
House and Land fronting the Bay of Charles Town between 
tlve messuages of my brother Alexander Peronneau arid Ed- 
ward Croft, in breadth i6^ feet; also my share in several 
Town Lots on East side of Old Church or Meeting House 
Street, where William Hopton lives, Northward and South- 
ward 150 feet and westward from said street 190 feet in 
depth, as by deed of partition between Charles Pinckney, 
Esquire, and me, bought of William Waties and John Coach- 
man with all buildings, &c. To daughter Elizabeth Peron- 
neau at 21 or marriage the respective sums of £8000 and 
£8000 province money [sic — name of daughter Ann appa- 
rently omitted]. Executors to sell &c. and while they board 
minor children with wife Elizabeth to allow £200 yearly for 
such children province money while rate with sterling, is 7 
for I, or proportionally as it rise and fall &c. for dieting, 
washing, lodging, and mending of cloathes &c. . To each of 
my six children, viz: Henry (already of age), Arthur, 
Robert, James, Elizabeth, and Ann, an equal share of residue 
of estate. Executors: Brother Alexander Peronneau, Mr. 
Benjamin d'Harriette, son Henry Peronneau, and son iVr- 
thur Peronneau (when of age). Witnesses: John Moul- 
trie, S. Peronneau, Isaac Holmes. Codicil 21 February 
1753. To wife Elizabeth Peronneau all stock of Liquers 
and Provisions. Witnesses: James Mickie, John Troup. 
Second codicil 14 March 1753. To daughter Elizabeth 
Peronneau Negro girl Phillis and her issue, and to her 
daughter Ann Peronneau Negroe Girl Venus and issue. 
Witnesses: ditto. Proved by James Crokatt of London, 
Merchant, one of the lawfull attorneys of Benjamin 
D'Harriette and Henry Peronneau, two of the executors to 
the effect only to contract for assignments or transfer of 
Shares and Capital Stock of the Govemour and Company 
of the Bank of England and to adjust account between said 
Henry Peronneau deceased and John Nicholson deceased, 
&c. for benefit of said Benjamin D'harriette and Henry 
Peronneau as well as of Alexander Peronneau and Arthur 


Peronneau sons [sic] of said deceased, the other executors 
now respectively residing in South Carolina. 

Paul, 223. 

Mary Izard, wife of Ralph Izard of Berkely County, 
Province of South Carolina, gentleman. Will 27 January 
1687/8; proved 6 July 1700. To said loving Husband 
Mr. Ralph Izard, executor, a Tract of Land (3000 acres 
English measure) on part of which we now dwell, with all 
Housing, Barnes, Stables, gardens, or orchards, woods &c. 
also my Interest in a Plantation commonly known by the 
name of Boshee (1800 acres English) 'pon Ashly River, 
and also residue of my estate. Witnesses: Jean Le Palle, 
Daniel Donovan, Wm. Skamadine. Proved by executor 
Ralph Izard. 

Noel, loi. 

Gabriel Manigault, Charlestown in province of South 
Carolina, Merchant. Will 16 January 1781 ("in the 21st 
year of his majesty's reign"); proved 2y October 1784. 
To wife Ann Manigault £10,000 current money of the 
province, plate, household furniture, Negroes named Pene- 
lope and her female children with their future increase, also 
for life my dwelling house, &c. To Granddaughter Ann 
Manigault £5000 sterling at 21 or 12 months after marriage 
in Bonds, Lands, or Negroes at option of executors. To 
my daughter Henrietta Manigault ditto. To the incorpo- 
rated South Carolina Society £5000 sterling for use of the 
poor Inhabitants of Charles town two years after my de- 
cease or in Bonds, Lands, or Negroes at option of executors. 
To grandson Gabriel Manigault my Land on South side of 
Trades Street formerly property of mumford Miller and 
John Colcock. To grandsons Joseph Manigault at 21 House 
and Land in Church Street, Union Street and Daims Alley, 
also my pew in St. Phillips church No. 20 by the Bill of 
sale, but is numbered 19 on the Door. Rest to grandsons 
Gabriel Manigault and Joseph Manigault to be divided 
when Joseph is 21. Executors: wife Ann Manigault, 
Mr. Peter Bacott, Mr Samuel Prioleau, Junior, Nephew 
William Banbury, kinsman Peter Baunetheau, grandson 


Gabriel Manigault, and (when 21) grandson Joseph Mani- 
gault. Witnesses: Theo*^* Trezevant, Joseph Whilden, 
Benjamin Paul Williams. South Carolina 15 June 1781 by 
Hon. William Bull, Esq., Intendant and General of police 
and ordinary to His Majesty, Oath of Theodore Trezevant, 
one of witnesses, and qualification of Peter Bacott and Ga- 
briel Manigault as executors of Gabriel Manigault Esq. 
deceased. 22 June 1781, Qualification of Mrs. Ann Mani- 
gault. 26 June 1 78 1, Qualification of William Banbury 
and Peter Baunetheau. A true copy. Thomas Scottow, Sec- 
retary. Secretary's office. South Carolina, 18 March 1782. 
Certificate that Peter Baunetheau is nowoflf the province 
and Gabriel Manigault is now without the British Lines, 
and therefore not to be come at. Thos. Skottow, Secretary. 
South Carolina, 18 March 1782. Certificate for Honorable 
William Bull, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, Intendant 
General of Police and Ordinary to her Majesty, that Thomas 
Skottow is Secretary of the Province of South Carolina and 
credit ought to be had to his certification, &c. Proved in 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury by grandson Joseph Mani- 
gault, one of executors, reserving power to Peter Bacott, 
Samuel Prioleau the younger, Peter Baunetheau [sic] and 
Gabriel Manigault, other surviving executors. 

Rockingham, 563. 

Pryce Hughes of Kaullygan, Montgomery, gent. Will 
28 February 1711/12; proved 2y June 1719. To Richard 
Tudor of Welch Pool, gent, £50, but if he dye or not act as 
executor, then to my brother Valentine Hughes. To 
Brother in laws Richard Bowen, John Jones, and Richard 
Owen £10 each. To servant Rowland Evans 200 acres of 
land in South Carolina unstockt and unimproved, for and 
during the term of one and twenty years ; and to Edd. Ellis, 
David Meredith, Rees Prees, Robert Jones, Morris Evans, 
and Lewis Morgan 100 acres each with a suitable stock of 
common cattle at the end of their service according to the 
judgment of Captain Thomas Naime or any neighboring 
planter in that Province, regard being had to the increase 
and proportion of my own stock; But these gifts in Carolina 


are only to take effect in case I should die before the expira- 
tion of their service. To brother Valentine Hughes all the 
rest and residue of Rents, lands, tenements, and heredita- 
ments, goods, and chattells either in Kingdom of Great 
Britain or in America. Richard Tudor, sole executor, and 
Sir Richard Bowen, John Jones, and Richard Owens, Trus- 
tees, to look after and enforce the due execution of this 
will. Witnesses: Winefred Turbevill, Abigale Roberts, 
Wm. Collins. 

Browning, io8. 

Joseph Nicholson of Charles Town, Province of South 
Carolina, Merchant. Will i May 1764; proved 19 June 
1783. To the child of my Sister Margaret Simpson late of 
Badsworth near Doncaster in the Kingdom of Great Britain 
deceased £150 sterling. To sister Mary Nicholson of 
Bodswork [sic] aforesaid spinster £200. Rest to wife Mary 
Nicholson and all children begotten or to be begotten by me 
of her body, as tenants in common. Trustees and execu- 
tors : Robert Raper, Richard Downes, and Aaron Loocock 
of Charles Town, Gentlemen, and William Greenwood of 
London, merchant taylor. Witnesses: Robert Williams, 
junior, Wm. Stoutenburgh. Administration of Joseph 
Nicholson, formerly of Charles Town in South Carolina, 
late of St. John Hackney, Middlesex, deceased, to Samuel 
Nicholson, one of the children of deceased by wife Mary, 
thus one of the residuary legatees, the executors Robert 
Raper, Richard Downes, and Aaron Loocock having been 
duly cited and not appearing, while the other executor 
William Greenwood renounced. 

Comwallis, 310. 

Francis Nicholson Esqr, Governour of South Carolina 
in America, now residing in St. Georges, Hanover Square, 
county of Middlesex. Will 4 March 1727 [1726/27]; 
proved 5 March 1 727/8. To be buryed at the Private Door 
at end of Chappel of St. Georges in this parish under the 
Penthouse, a white Marble Tombstone to be laid over my 
Grave with an Inscription signifying that I was bom at 
Downham Park near Richmond in Yorkshire on 12 Novem- 


per 1655 &c. as executor and Honored Freind Landgraue 
Abel Ketelbey think proper, and (if they think fit) pillars 
to be erected at the four comers of my Tombstone, thereon 
expressed my Travells and the Offices I have bom in 
Europe, Africa, Asia, and America. Funeral to be per- 
formed Imediately after Sun Rise after my 6ecease and 
only Reverend Mr. Ossory Meddlycot the Reader and the 
Clerk of St. Georges Chappell and six bearers who carry me 
to attend, reading the whole Funeral Service over my 
corps. To said Mr. Meddlycot to buy a scarf and mourning 
ring £10, and to the reader £5, and the Clerk 50s, to the 
bearers los each, and 50s to the pewkeepers between them. 
To Honoured Friend Sir Thomas Frankland £100 on tmst 
to pay to children of my sister Phipps, if living, or, if dead, 
to their kindred within the Degrees of Distribution. To said 
Sir Thomas Frankland and Lady and children, Mr. Freder- 
ick Frankland, wife and children. Rev. Mr. Frankland, 
Dean of Bristol, wife and children, the Dowager Lady 
Frankland and children who live with her, and Landgrave 
Abel Ketelbey and wife, Robert Ketelbey Esqr and wife 
and son Abel Ketelbey junior, and Mr. James Johnson 
each mourning rings of a guinea. To said Abel Ketelbey 
junior, my godson, my Silver Fringed gloves and my Silver 
Handled Sword. To Alderman Miccajah Perry and wife, 
to widow of late Mr. Richard Perry and her other children, 
to Mr. Samuel Wragg and wife and children, to the Gen- 
tlemen who now composes his Majesties Council in South 
Carolina and their present wives, to the Hon. CoUonel 
Robert Johnson and his present wife, to Collonel Thomas 
Broughtcn, and ditto to Collonell Fenwick and ditto, and 
to Mr. Andrew Allen each Mourning Rings of a guinea 
value. To Rev. Mr. David Humfreys, Secretary to the 
Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts, and 
to Mr. Thomas Moore, Deputy Secretary, £25 each, provided 
in six months they adjust all my papers, letters, and manu- 
scripts, particularly those which concern the affairs of the 
American churches, all which letters &c. which concern 
American churches, especially the affairs of the church or 


of Learning in Virginia, I bequeath to said Society and hope 
the same will prove liighly serviceable in clearing up their 
concerns in these Remote parts. To each of the mission- 
aries of said Society actually resident in America and to the 
present clerks of their Parishes there and to each of the 
Society's Schoolmasters in America Mourning Rings of a 
guinea value. Ditto to the widow of James Moore Esqr late 
Govemour of South Carolina and her children, also to said 
Mrs. Moore £io to have the engraving completed which I 
promised to see performed. Also rings to Mr. Thomas 
Sandford and his present wife and their children, to 
CoUonel William Taylor his wife and children, to Mr. 
Cradock his present wife and their children, and to the 
Reverend Mr. Samuel Miles his wife and children. "Item 
I Devise and bequeath unto my worthy and Honoured 
Friend Kingsmill Eyre, Esqr his Heirs and Assignes all 
my Lotts of Lands, Messuages, and Tenements in Vir- 
ginia, new England, Pensilvania, and elsewhere in America 
and all other my real Estate in America upon Trust to Sell 
the Same as Soon as conveniently may be and for the best 
price that can be got for the same and to pay the moneys 
arising by such Sale and the whole produce thereof after 
Deduction of all necessary charges to the Society for Prop- 
agating the Gospel in Foreign Parts for the use and benefitt 
and to bear the charge' of the Passage of Such Persons as 
shall come from New England and receive Episcopal Ordi- 
nation here and shall goe hence thither as Missionaries in 
such Sums and proportions as the Said Society shall think 
fit." To said Kingsmill Eyre for Trouble in proving will 
and performing court £50. To my servant Thomas Boulte? 
£20 and apparel. To Mr. John Carter £5. Residue to Soci- 
ety for Propagating the Gospel for Encouragement of 
persons aforesaid coming from New England, receiving 
Episcopal Ordination, and going as missionaries. Execu- 
tor: Kingsmill Eyre. Overseer and trustee: Landgrave 
Abel Ketelby. Witnesses: Eliza Dreury, Fra: Bonifant, 
John Wright, Moody Gilbert. 

Brook, 91. 


Francois Macaire, bom at Ponten Royan and merchant at 
Lyons, now in Carolina, bedridden in the house of Mr. 
Alexander Pepin at Charlestown. Will [in French with 
translation attached] 2 December 1687; proved 6 April 
1 69 1. To be buried in the churchyard of those of the 
reformed Religion of this City. To poore of said Church 
£2 out of le plus claire goods in my Storehouse where I 
have but a third, the rest belonging to Messrs. Chicott and 
Breuis. To servant Michel Antoine one third of the passage 
icy et foumiture for good services in my sickness, and make 
him free of our Company, Messrs. Chicott and Breuis to 
send accompt. Concerning John Andriver, I desire Mr. 
Boyd and Mr. De Gignilliat to discharge him when he has 
worked what he owes to Francois Bonnet our servant, to 
whom I give 10 Escus wages. Boneit Charron, bound for 
two years, to be free when he pleaseth in pa)mient of 48 es- 
cus what I paid for the two years. As to the maid servant 
Antoinette, if Mr. Breuis and Chicott (who are to arrive in 
the month of December) doe not arrive, I desire Messrs. 
Boyd and De Gignilliat to send her back to London. Ef- 
fects here in Carolina in our Company I commit to said 
Messrs Boyd and De Gignilliat. As I have goods in Eng- 
land and Holland and at Lyons, disposing of them by a will 
left in the hands of Mr. Chicott dated at London,— October 
last, by which the 100 ecus put in our Carolina Society as 
by our bill of lading [gives] to each the moiety or 500 ecus, 
I revoke said will, and, as the said Chicot and Breuis are not 
in need of money, I beseech them to account for what I 
have with them to Mr. Cephas Tulet, partner of Mr. Seig- 
neuret, banker, whom I niake executor to take charge of 
all my estate according to my Books, and to employ the 
same for bringing my Brothers Imbert and Jacques Macaire 
out of France. I beg him to write to all my creditors in 
Languedoc or elsewhere, manufacturers of crepe or other- 
wise, admitting an error to their prejudice and paying them, 
delivering any surplus to executor to send Imbert and 
Jacques Macaire out of France. If money is not sufficient, 
I charge them with the debt, declaring that I owe a little 


account to Enque tuniel, and something due to Jacques 
Runnel, who would not agree to arbitration, as Sieur Tutel 
knows, to whom for his good services 200 livres. Residu- 
ary legatee and executor in Europe : said Sieur Tutel, revok- 
ing will left in hands of said Demoiselle [sic] Chicot. Dated 
at Charlestown and written by my friend Nicholas Magran 
and witnessed by Jean Roux master mariner. Witnesses Nic- 
olas Magran, Jean Roux. Charlestown in Carolina 18 June 
1689. True Copy, original in registry of the City of Char- 
lestown, a request of Messrs Jean Francois de Gignilliat 
and James Boyd, Antoine Bouran, J. Liege. Before Trans- 
lated [very badly] by Jean Jacques Benard, Notary Public. 

Vere, 44. 

Joseph Morton of Carolina, Landgrave. Will 14 April 
1685 ; proved 20 November 1688. To sonn Joseph Morton 
£500 on May ist after dscease, and £100 on each May ist 
for five years, also these books : Assemblyes Annotations in 
two volumes, Burges Spirituall Refinings, Twise ag* Hord, 
Cambridge Concordance, cariles eleven volumes on Job, 
Burges on justification, Woolebirs body of Divinity, Cole on 
God's Soveraignty, Pearse his p^'peracon for death. To 
daughter Deborah Blake £400, viz: £100 each October i" 
for four years after decease, also Baxter's Everlasting 
Rest, Baxter's Call to repentance, Baxter's at the Judg- 
ment day, Baxter's Rules for peace of Conscience, 
Crookes Guide, Flavell's Saint indeed, Watson's Di- 
vine Cordiall, Norcott of Baptisme. To son John 
£1000, also all lands in Berrow, Somerset, and other 
lands in England and Carolina. To son Joseph 
£500 more and rest of books. To M^r. Nehemiah 
Cox of London £5. To poore Ministers in England £100 
to be disposed of by my Mr. William Collins and Mr. Ne- 
hemiah Cox. To sister Rebeccah Bowell use of £50 worth 
of cattle and hoggs and one negro man and one negro 
woman to her and her husband for their lives, then to re- 
turn to Sonne John, if they choose to live with my wife and 
sonn, or if not 200 acres apportioned for them &c. To each 
servaunt a good Sow Shoate. Rest to wife Elinor, exec- 


utrix. Witnesses: Edward Bowell, John Bletchley, John 
Ansted. Received in Secretary's Office of province of Car- 
olina 25 May 1688, Jos. Oldys, Dep^^ Secretary. 7 Novem- 
ber 1688 Attestation of John Bletchley of Weston neare 
Bath, county Somerset, Carpenter and Joyner,aged 46 years, 
that he was servant to Joseph Morton late of Carolina de- 
ceased and witnessed will 14 April, being present Mr. Ed- 
ward Bowell, said Joseph Morton's brother in law and John 
Ansted, servaunt. Attestation of Elizabeth Gower, widow, 
Holbourn neare Thavies Inn, Milliner, aged 34 years, that 
she knew said Joseph Morton and sojourned in his house in 
Carolina as a boarder near a year and a half. Commission to 
Joseph Morton and John Morton, sons, widow Elinor having 
died. Administration 19 March 1705 to Anne Wills als 
Morton, wife of Thomas Wills, relict and residuary legatee 
of John Morton. Exton, 153. 

Culcheth Golightly, parish of St. Andrew, Berkeley 
County, Planter. Will 14 December 1749; proved 18 March 
1756. To Wife Mary £1000 sterling when my daughters 
are 21 or be married, or within 12 months after Wife 
shall marry again and use of household stuff during time she 
is a Widow. Executors to make an allowance to wife during 
widowhood for her maintenance and education of children 
and to have choice of my slaves at their appraised value. 
To Rebecca Pinckney, youngest daughter of my friend 
Major William Pinckney, £1000 current money to be paid 
to her uncle Charles Pinckney Esquire out of first profits af- 
ter payment for my dear wife and children, etc. Rest to 
my daughters Dorothy and Mary at 21 or marriage. If 
dai^ghters die, residue to wife for life, then one half to 
children of my Brother Francis Golightly in the East Indies 
and one half to the female children of my said friend Major 
Willia:m Pinckney. Care of Horse Shoe Estate recom- 
mended to friend Mr. Thomas Everson. Executors and 
guardians of daughters : Friends Honorable Edward Fen- 
wicke and Charles Pinckney Esquire, Mr. George Austin, 
Merchant and Landgrave Edmund Bellinger. Witnesses: 
Lionel Chalmers, John Gibbes, Lucy Ann Edwards. 

Glazier, 69. 


James Matthews of Ross in Scotland, outward bound to 
Carolina in the Edward and Francis, Thomas Mann, Com- 
mander. Will II October 1699; proved 25 August 1703. 
All to mother Barbara Cranle of Ross in Scotland. Exec- 
utor: friend Hanna Baxter. Witnesses: William Hussey, 
Sam : Wills, notary public. ^^gS> ^45* 


[From a sketch prepared in 1878 by the Rev. Gerard Moultrie of 
South Leigh Vicarage, Oxfordshire, England, for Peter Gourdin, Esq., 
of St John's Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina.] 

The Moultries of Scotland, Lairds of Seaiield, Markinch 
& Roscobie whose name is also spelled in the old manu- 
scripts and charters, "Moutrays", Mowtrays" "Moultreres" 
and "Moultrays" had as their family seat the Tower of 
Seafield on the Firth of Forth near Edinburgh, Scotland, 
which estate was confirmed to Richart Moultrare by Royal 
Charter in 1443. 

Adam de Multrere swore fealty to King Edward I. at 
Berwick-on-Tweed, with the other Scottish gentry in A. D. 

His name occurs, appended with his seal, as witness to a 
deed for transfer of land in "Nurbiggying" to the abbot & 
convent of S. Mary Newbottle in 1331. He lived in or near 
Edinburgh probably on Moutray Hill, the name of the emi- 
nence at the East end of Prince's Street (outside the old 
city walls) now occupied by the Register House, immedi- 
ately below Calton Hill. This would be near the estate & 
old turreted mansion of Restalrig in the direction of Holy- 
rood Palace & would be nearly opposite Seafield Tower 
which stands visible from it on the other side of the Firth 
of Forth (5 miles wide) in Fife. 

Robert Multrare received in 1365 a Royal charter I 
David n.,son of the Bruce, granting him lands in the 1 
of Lastalrj'k CRestalrig) which had been confisc; 
treason from John Coitus their late possessor. 


Richard Multrare of Seafield Tower & Markinch re- 
ceived a Royal charter confirming to him the Seafield & 
Markinch lands in 1443. This is the earliest mention of the 
family as connected with these estates so far as have yet 
been discovered. Mariota ^lultrare had the lands of Pet- 
dorming in Fife settled upon her on her marriage in 1449 
with John Strang of Balcaskie — in Fife. 

John Multrare succeeded his father Richard in the 
Seafield & Markinch estates in 1469. Little is known of 
him except that his wife's name was Gelis ("Heloise"). 
His name appears as Commissioner (representative of the 
Lesser Barons & Burgesses) in the Scottish Parliament of 
James IIL from A. D. 1469- 1478. 

Thomas Multrare succeeded his father John in the es- 
tate circ. 1478. In 1481 he married, by dispensation, Kath- 
erine Bosville (Boswell) of Balmuto near Seafield. She 
was fifth daughter of David Boseville "a man" as Douglas 
writes, **of good parts & great strength of body, who died 
at an advanced age about A. D. 1490. He was a lineal 
descendant of Sieur Robert de Boseville, a man of high 
rank in the Court of King William the Lion, who succeeded 
to the throne of Scotland in A. D. 1165. The first of the 
Bosevilles on record accompanied William the Conqueror 
from Normandv & commanded a division of the Norman 
army at the Battle of Hastings. Thomas Multrare was a 
fierce & haughty man, constantly at feud with his neigh- 
bors e. g. on the 5th of Februarj' 1484 he was invited to 
surrender his person unto custody at Blackness Castle, the 
state prison on the Firth of Forth "for the great offence 
done agane our soverane Lt^rdis hienes ht Thomas Multrare 
in the distntbling of a venerable fader in God the Abbott 
of Dumfcniiling'*. Dumfermline was the Westminister 
Ab1)ey of Scotland & its Abbott was a very august personage 
indeed, occupying a ix)silion of dignity as high relatively 


as that in England of the Dean of Westminister. The "dis- 
trubling" of such an Ecclesiastic was a daring operation, 
even by a powerful noble. Multrare was to surrender 
within eight days ; but he does not appear to have paid any 
notice of any kind to the invitation. It was the turbulent 
period of Scottish history when the barons headed by 
Archibald Douglass (sumamed from the deed "Bell-the- 
Cat"), hung from the parapet of Launderbridge the unpop- 
ular favourites of the King, Cochrane, Torphicken & the 
others, by the ropes of their tents; in spite of the earnest 
appeal of Cochrane that a gentleman of his digfnity might 
be accommodated with a silken halter, instead of coarse & 
villainous hemp. The royal power fell into contempt foi 
some time after this, & there was but little of law & order m 
the kingdom. Of this state of things the laird of Seafield 
no dqpbt availed himself. 

David Boseville, Multrare's father-in-law, had married 
Elizabeth daughter of Sir John Melville. His eldest daugh 
ter (Katherine Multrare's sister) married Sir Robert Doug 
lass of Lochleven progenitor to the Earls of Morton. 

John Multrare succeeded his father Thomas, in 1500. 
After holding the estates of Seafield & Markinch for four 
years hd died, leaving two sons, John & Richard. 

John Multrare inherited the estates in 1504. He mar- 
ried the 5th daughter of Sir Alexander Stewart of Gar- 
lies (ancestor to the present Earl of Galloway) who fell at 
Flodden-field among the nobles who fell fighting round the 
body of the King. Her mother Elizabeth was daughter to 
Alexander Kennedy of Blairgnhan. Multrare's wife was 
one of 16 daughters, all of whom married!!! There would 
be no failure of Scotch cousins in our family if one only 
knew where to look for them. Richard Multrare his 
younger brother had in 1527, a lawsuit with the Earl of 
Glammis his neighbour. Glammis Castle (of which not 


even the niins are now visible) was in the parish of King- 
hom, about a mile & three quarters from Seafield Tower. 
It used formerly to be given in pledge by the Kings of Scot- 
land for the payment of the dowers of the royal princesses. 
At last an Earl of Glammis marrying a daughter of one of 
the Kings, his royal father-in-law made him a present out- 
right of the castle. The pleading is as follows : — 

XXIX^ Marcii 1527. 

"Anent the time assignit be the lordis of counsule to 
Richard MuUrare agains Johne Lord Glammis for the 
wrangcois spoliaciorm fra him of ane blak llors price 
XXIIII marks furth of Guckkeith, that is to say, the said 
Lord Gammis to compere personaly & gif his aith apown 
the said spulge, becaus the samyn was referit to his aith, 
with certificatioun an he comperrit nocht, the lordis wald re- 
fer the said mater to the said Richardis aith ; the said Richart 
being pcrsonalie present & the said Lord Glammis oftimes 
callit & nocht compeirit, then lordis of counsule decernis & 
deliveris that the said Johne Lord Glammis has done wrong 
in the said spoliaciorm & sal restore the samyn to the said 
Richart als gude as it was the tjine of the said spulinge, be- 
caus the mater was referrit to the said Richart's aith, wha 
maid faith as is above written.'* 

"Oftentimes calleil & appeared not". The fact is, poor 
Lord Glammis had enough trouble on his hands at home 
without hampering himself with lawsuits about black 
horses or anything else. At this time he was engaged in an 
extremely dangerous quarrel with his coimtess, the beautiful 
and evil lady Janet, sister to Archibald Douglas ("Bell- 
the-Cat**) earl of Angus, owing to the adherence of Lord 
Glammis to the cause of the young King (James V.) who 
was now endeavouring to free himself from the thraldom 
of the I>ouglas faction. A few months after this lawsuit 
she poisoned him. Ten years later, she was tried & con- 
demned for an attempt, by the same means, on the life of 


the King himself. She was burnt alive on the rock of Edin- 
burgh Castle, suffering her torments with the calm intrepid- 
ity of her race, & enlisting the sympathy of the ignorant on 
her behalf together with a belief of her innocence which has 
misled some later historians. Her second husband, Camp- 
bell of Skipnish, who w^as in confinement on the same 
charge was dashed to pieces on the rocks of the Castle crags 
in an attempt to escape from prison. Her son Lord Glam- 
mis, a youth of 15, pleaded guilty to the charge, under tor- 
ture. In the following reign he obtained a pardon & restor- 
ation of his lands, on the plea of having made an untrue 
confession under terror of the rack. The hostility of the 
family however to the Lairds of Seafield continued to 
smoulder. In 1535 John Multrare found himself under the 
necessity of claiming the protection of the Crown against 
George Earl of Rothes (a connection of the Glammis house) 
"his mortale & deidly inymy, who had stoode with the said 
John's unimyis & perseivit him of his lyfe." 

A royal charter of James IV to this Laird of Seafield & 
Markinch is interesting in its provisions as illustrating the 
terms of feudal tenure. It is dated 151 1 (two years before 
the battle of Flodden-field) & is thus addressed: — 

**Jacobus dei gracia Rex Scotorum . . . Sciatis nos . . . 
dedisse delicto nostro familiari Johanni Multrare iQtus et 
integras terras nostras de le Newtown de Markinch ... in 
dominis nostro de fyffe . . . tenendas et habendas" &c. 

Then after sundry provisions as to forfeiture, in case of 
his ever being convicted of murder or robberj- &c., comes 
the requirements of him in war time as Crown Vassal. 

"Ac sciam prelictus Johannes Multrare el heredes sive 
inneniendo, pro qualibet deum liberta dictarum terrarum, 
duos equestres, unum eorum cum lancea, cum uno equo on- 
erativo, ad faciendum nobis servicium, in nortris guerris et 
exercitibus cum per nostras literas ad hoc requisiti et man- 


dati fuerint ... In cujus rei testimoniunr presenti caxte 
nostre magnum sigilium nostrum apponi precepimus . . . 
apud Edinburgh, quinto die mcnsis Augusti, anno domini 
millesimo quingentismo undecimo et regni nostri vicessimo 

Note : — "Librata terra contains four oxgangs of land & 
every oxgang thirteen acres (skene) with us it is so much 
land as is yearly worth 20 s. 

The terms of the address in this charter shew that the 
recipient was a man of some position at Court. The lands 
are all mentioned by name in it. In the next year, 1512, 
a few months before the battle of Flodden, when the Scot- 
tish hosts were mustering for the war, another royal con- 
firmatory charter is given to this Laird, prescribing yet again 
the condition of his feudal service. The charter is given by 
Sir Henry Wardlaw of Torrey, Knight, to John Multrare 
& is confirmed by Royal Charter under the great seal. This 
provision is added : — 

"Volo sciam . . . pro me et heredibus meis quod dictus 
Johannes &c. . mit liberi & quieti ab homagis, warda & re- 
levio, & a secta alicujus civne, Reddendo inde annuatim . . . 
tres denarious strivelingorum none libere feodifirme." 

The first of these two charters is interesting as shewing 
how many horsemen the Laird of Seafield took with him 
to Flodden when he fought by the side of his father-in-law, 
Stewart of Garlics, who fell in the nction. 

John Multrare succeeded his father in 1540. By Royal 
charter of Mary Queen of Scots, dated Edinburg Aug. 16, 
1547 he received from her 4 acres of land in "Bniselland" 
(is this the ancient name of Bumtistand?) held till then 
by the famous James Kirkcaldy of Grange. It is possible 
that this grant of land to a royal favourite (and apparent 
confiscation from its owner) may have some bearing on the 
early hostility of the Laird of Grange to Queen Mary. He 


was one of the ablest soldiers of his day having learnt the 
art of war in Germany ; & his leadership of the rebel army, 
in conjunction with Murray, achieved the Victory of Lang- 
side. That his real sympathies were however on the side 
of royalty is evident from his desertion of his party & re- 
turn to his allegiance to Mary during the time of her En- 
glish captivify. He held Edinburgh Castle for her, against 
Morton & the English army together with his friend Mart- 
land of Lethington. On the final surrender of the Castle 
Grange & his brother were executed at the Cross of Edin- 
burgh, in the presence of an immense concourse of people. 

It is clear from the following document that there was a 
fierce quarrel between the lairds of Seafield & the Kirk- 
caldys of Grange. It is dated some few years before 
Queen Mary's grant of 4 acres. By it both parties are 
bound over to keep the peace: — 

Vigesimo Marcii 1533. 

*ln presens of the Lordis & Counsale compeirit Johanne 
Malville of Raith Knycht & James Kirkcaldy of the Grange 
for thaim, thair kynismen, frendis, servandis, & pairt takaris 
on that ane pairt, & Johnne Multrare of Seyfield, David 
Vallance. Henry Vallance & James Traile for thame, thair 
kyn frendis. servandis, assistaris & pairt takaris on that 
uther pairt & band & obligt thame, be the faith & treuth in 
thair bodyis to abyd & underly the sentence & decrete of 
the saidis Lordis, anent the modificatioun of making of 
assithmentis amangis thame for all slaugteris, mutilaciounis 
& criminall actiouns, committitt & done be any of the pair- 
ties upoun uther is unto the day of the daite herof siclik us 
and the samin was intentit befor thame & perservit be pri- 
emptoure summondis." 

John Multrare seems to have taken the Catholic side in 
the dispute at the beginning of Queen Mary's reign. Kirk- 
caldy of Grange, his enemy being a strong Protestant. In 
the year 1560 the Protestant "Confession of Faith" was 

236 sa CA. HiSTOUCAi. akd gckeauogicai. magazine. 

passed in the Scotti sh PSvliaiiieat, togctfaer with a "Book 
of Disdiriiiie" for Ae gp vc r iim efit of die kirlc With re- 
gard to the layii^ on of hands the coi^^regation decided 
that it was su per fl uo us ''for albeit die apostles used the 
inqxisition of hands^ yet seeing the mirack is ceased, the 
usii^ the ceremony we judge not to be necessary". Minis- 
tei;^ were to be elected by the people & examined by the 
ministers & elders openly on the points then in controversy 
between the Roman Church & die Protestant bodies, as well 
as on Christian Doctrine generally. Parishes which could 
not obtain a Minister were to be served by a "Reader** in- 
stead, whose olfice it was to read the Common Prayers & the 
H. Scripftures, but not to administer the "Sacraments" The 
country was parcelled out into lo districts over which were 
appointed lo Ministers who were called "Superintendents". 
This was the Presbyterian system as adopted in Scodand at 
the time ( 1 560) of the commencement of the reign of Eliz- 
abeth in England. 

Seafield Tower stands in the parish of Klinghom. To 
this parish one of these "Readers" was sent, who was im- 
mediately sent packing, bag & baggage, by John Multrare. 
Proceedings were taken against him by the Lords of Se- 
cret Council, sitting at Perth in 1564. Present the Earls 
of Moray, Morton (Chancellor) Athol, & Lord Ruthven 
(Secretary) The indictment is as follows: — 

"The quhilk day, anent oure Soveraigne Ladiis lettres 
purehert be the Provert & Baillies of Kingome, mak and 
mentioun that quhair thai conducit ane Reder for reding of 
the prayeris within the kirk of Kingome & placeit him in 
ane convenient hous to dwell into, quhilk he peaceabillie 
broukit be a large space, nevirtheless, Johnne Multray of 
Seyfild, movit of hatred & malice in the moneth of . . . last 
bipast, hes be way of deid ejecht thair said redar furth of 
the said hous violentlie, quiairthrow he is notch abill to con- 
tinue & use his vocayioun & the land of Seyfeld being di- 


verse times chargeit & warneit to compeir befoir oure sov- 
erane Lady & hir counsall .... contennunttie dissobeyit & 
wald nocht compeir . . . the Lordis of Secret Counsall decer- 
mis & ordainis the said Johanne Multray of Seyfield. . . . 
to restore the Reader to his house or it will be the worse 
for him" &c. &c. 

So bitter was Kirkcaldy of Grange against Queen Miiry 
for her favour shewn to the Moultries by the grant to them 
of part of his land & against his neighbors the Moultries 
for their devotion to the cause of the unfortunate Queen, 
that when she was getting involved in her troubles in Ed- 
inburgh after Damley's murder he caricatured her under 
the figure of our crest This is Miss Strickland's account : — 

"Among other cruel devices practiced, against Mary at 
this season by her cowardly assailants, was the dissemina- 
tion of gross personal caricatures which like the placards 
charging her as an accomplice in her husband's murder, 
were fixed on the doors of churches & other public places 
in Edinburgh * * * Mary was peculiarly annoyed at one 
of these productions called "The Mermaid" which repre- 
sented her in the character of a crowned syren, with a scep- 
tre formed of a fish's tail in her hand, & flanked with the 
regal initials M. R. This curious specimen of party malig- 
nity is still preserved in the state paper office. It is very 
well drawn in pen & ink, and preserves a striking likeness 
of Mary's lovely features, but with the melancholy expres- 
sion of sickness & sorrow, and agreeing well with Drury's 
description of her woeful appearance when assisting at the 
services for the lepose of her husband's soul." — Life of 
Mary Q. of Scots, Vol. i, p. 424 (Bohn). 

Queen Mary paid a visit to Moultrie's cousin Boseville 
(or Boswell) of Balmuto on her visit to Fife in 1565, just 
before her marriage with Damley. Balmuto is close to 
Seafield Tower. 


•George Multray (sic) succeeded to the property in 
1579. He married Elizabeth Stewart & left three sons, 
Henry, Robert & Alexander. 

In 1 565 George Mowtra younger of Seafield signs a bond 
with the rest of the Barons & Gentlemen of Fife engaging 
"trewlie to serve the King & Queens Majesteis" & with 
their Lieutenant in the said shin to "ryise" ... in their Ma- 
jesties service when he shall give advertisement or for re- 
sisting their Highnesses rebels or pursuing & expelling them 
from the country "or to resist & invaid Ingland in caise it 
sal happin to persew." &c. &c. 

Henry Moutray (sic) succeeded his father George in 
1608. He was a wild & unsteady man, hampered by debt 
& difficulties, which however did not repress his tendencies 
to dangerous practical jokes of an offensive kind on his 
neighbors. The following is a sing^ilar entry: — 

4th July 1609. 

"Act by the Lords of Privy Counsel at the instance of 
James Gray in the Grange Myhee & others against Henry 
Multray of Seyfield, Peter Name his servant, & his other 
men tenants &c. for coming in November & December last 
to the quidis of the complainor & taking away their Ky, 
quoiyis & calvis, . . . having kuit the taillis & rumpleis of 
the saidis ky to the taillis & rumpleis of the saidis young 
quoyis & calvis." &c. 

Peter Name was convicted and sent to prison, "Quidquid 
delirant rejes, plectuntus achivi." 

Henry Moultray died about A. D. 1618 leaving no male 
chikl. His daughter Elizabeth married Anchmontie of 
Edinburgh & received Bichty fami at Markinch as her mar- 
riage portion. Henry was succeeded in the estate by his 
next brother Robert. 

Robert Moutray or Moultrie inherited the property 
about A. D. 161 8. He married Teane Drummond. His 


younger brother Alexander Moultrie married Isabel Drum- 
mond & had by her issue, one son and daughter, George 
born in 1641 & Janet born in 1645, both were baptized at 
Dumfermline. Alexander was "tutor** or Guardian of Ros- 
cobie for his nephews & died of consumption at Culross in 
1672 Robert Moultrie had issue, one son Robert, who suc- 
ceeded him. 

Robert Moultrie succeeded his father Robert about two 
years afterwards (1620). He married Lady Ann Erskine, 
daughter of John Earl of Marr, a lineal descendant of Mal- 
colm (III) Canmore King of Scotland and Edmund Iron- 
side one of the Saxon Kings of England. This lady seems 
not to have relished Seafield Tower & its wave-beaten walls. 
Anvhow the old fortification & the lands at Markinch were 
sold in 1631, to Archbishop Law of Glasgow for IQ,700 
marks, and the estate of Rescobie (now spelt Ros-cobie) 
in the royalty of Dumfermline, was bought instead. I-aw 
was the prelate who offended Archbishop Laud by refusing 
to wear the vestments at the Scotch Coronation of 
Charles I. His grand-daughter Maria Law married Robert 
Moultrie's son James in 1646. 

James Moultrie, laird of Roscobie after his father Rol> 
ert, married in 1646 Maria Law daughter of George Law 
of Brienton & grand-daughter to Archbishop Law of Glas- 
gow, mentioned above. By her he had three sons. 

John his successor died s. p. 

Robert who took the estate on the decease of his brother 
s p. died s. p. 

James who inherited the estate on the failure of male is- 
sue to his brothers. 

John Moultrie succeeded his father James in 1676 and 
died without issue. 

The following is the entry of his armorial bearings in the 


records of the Lyon Office. Edinburgh, Vol. i p. 368 (A. 
D. 1672-6) 

"The arms of John Moultrie (sic) of Roscobie azur on a 
chevron betwixt three escallops argent a Boar's head couped 
sable & two spurr-revells gules ; on ane helmet befitting his 
degree with a mantle gules double argent ; and a wreath of 
his colloyrs is set for his Crest, a Mermaid proper. The 
motto in ane escroU — Nunquam non fidelis". 

Seton in his hand-book of hereldry thus speaks of the 
escallop shell : — 

"The escallop-shell is the well known badge of a pilgrim 
from which word the surname Pringle has been fancifully 

Tbe following lines are by Sir Walter Raleigh : — 

"Give me my scallop-shell of quiet 
My staff of faith to walk upon: 
My scrip of joy, immortal diet, 
My bottle of salvation, 
My gown of glory (hopes true gage) 
And thus ril make my pilgrimage." 

"Towards the middle of the i6th century Pope Alex- 
ander IV prohibited all but pilgrims who were truly noble 
from assuming escallop shells as armorial ensigns." 

A Mermaid "proper" means a mermaid coloured as she 
would be in a painting: sc. flesh-coloured body: golden 
hair, tail of a fish (perhaps green) 

Robert Moultrie inherited the estates on the death of 
his elder brother. He was married at Edinburg by Arnot 
the Dean in 1681 to Marie, daughter of Sir William Scott 
of Clerkington, Senator of the College of Justice (knighted 
by Charles I in 1642) & Barbara Dalmakay his 2nd wife, 
daughter of Sir John Dalmackay, Bart: Marie Scott had 
3 sisters, the eldest Barbara married Stewart of Blackball 
(Douglas) and upon his death Sir William Drummond of 
Hawthomden, Agnes, the second married Sir John Home 


of Renton, the third married Oglivia of Murkle in Forfar- 
shire. He seems to have been a dissolute man. The inter- 
mediaries in the marriage settlement for payment of the 
lady's dowry were the Duke & Duchess of Hamilton & Sir 
W. Drummond of Hawthomden whose name appears in 
other parts of the documents. It is observable that in the 
Ms. of this marriage settlement our name is spelt actually 
in four different ways: — "Moutray, Mowtray, Moultray, 
Moultry." Robert died in 1686 without lawful issue & was 
succeeded by his younger brother James. 

Xote: — "Scott of Clerkington (afterwards Scott of Mil- 
lenie) was of an ancient branch of the illustrious house of 
Buccleugh, descended from that family when they resided 
in Lanarkshire," 

Douglass I, 217. 
"Scot of Millenie", 

"Laurence Scott of Clerkington married a daughter of 
Sir John Dalmahay of that ilk, a sister of his father's sec- 
ond wife, & by her he had only two daughters. No male is- 
sue. Succeeded by his brother John." (Douglas Ibid) 

James Moultrie or Moultray on the death of his 
brother Robert inherited the Roscobie estates in 1686. He 
died in 1710 leaving two sons, James who succeeded him 
as laird of Rescobie & John who Hved in the parish of Cul- 
ross & married about A. D. 1700 Catherine Craik by whom 
he had issue John (my grandfather's father who emigrated 
to Carolina in 1729) born in 1702 & Anna a daughter 
born in 1703. 

James Moultrie succeeded his father in 1710. He died 
in 1736 & was followed by hJs son James, who dying in 1741 
left the estate to his elder son James. This Laird died with- 
out issue & was succeeded in 1766 by his brother Capt. John 
Moultrie (or Moultray in the accounts of him in N'elsou's 
life) He died without male issue and was succeeded in the 


property by his daughter Catherine Moultrie in 1800, who 
sold (at Cobham in Surrey) in conjunction with her wid- 
owed mother the whole estate of Roscobie to William 
Adam, Esq. (Sir W. Scott's friend at whose house of 
Blair Adam he wrote The Abbot), The Rescobis lands 
are now the property of Adam, Esq. M. P. (the liberal 
whip) of Blair Adam and H. DeSgleish, Esq of Brankstone 
grange, Culross & 22 Coates Crescent Edinburg. The lat- 
ter gentleman possesses the old (Moultrie's Roscobie) pa- 
pers, charters, title deeds &c. 

John Moultrie the younger son of the above James, 
married, as stated, Catherine Craik at Culross near Res- 
cobie. By her he had issue John (my great, great, grand- 
father) bom in 1702, & a daughter Anna, bom in 1703, 
who married Cruikshank, Superior of Excise, who died in 

John Moultrie, the Emigrant, the son of the above 
John, emigrated to Charles Town in Carolina in the early 
part of the Eighteenth Century. He returned to Edinburgh 
where he received the degree of M. D. He went back to 
Charles To\vn in 1729 in which year his name appears as one 
of the founders of the St. Andrew's Club. He married, ( i ) 
Lucretia Cooper, by whom he had four sons, John, Lieu- 
tenant Governor of Florida, James Chief Justice of Florida, 
William, Major-General in the War of the American Rev- 
olution and Governor of South Carolina, and Thomas a 
Captain in the 2nd Regt. in the American Revolution. He 
married, (2) Elizabeth Mathewes by whom he had one son, 


Alexander, the first Attomev-General of South Carolina. 
John Moultrie the Emigrant died in 1771. 

Seafield Tower: — In Sibbald's Fife page 314. the 
Tower of Seafield is thus described : 

"A little to the East of Kinghom upon the coast, is Vi- 
car's Grange, where some marble is found; & eastward of 


that is the ruined Tower of Seafield, the ancient seat of the 
Moutrays, \\'ashed by the sea. represented by the laird of 
Roscobie; it is now the earl of Melvil's. Tcf the North of 
both is Grange Kircaldie of old, the house of the ancient 
family of the name of Kircaldie, some of whom were fa- 
mous for their courage & prudence.'* 

The old Tower still stands firm in its ruins. The walls 
are of red sandstone. The dungeon (or cellar) at its base- 
ment is hewn out of the red sandstone rock, on which the 
tower is built, The interior of the Tower measures 20 feet 
2 inches by 14 feet 4 inches There seems to have been at 
least 5 storeys in the tower including the basement. The 
exterior walls (5 feet thick) of all of them remain up to the 
middle of the highest stor)\ but large gaps are opened in 
the masonry in places, owing to the removal from the win- 
dows, doors, & fireplaces of all the hewn-stone-rock. This 
is especially the case in the Western wall of the Tower a 
large portion of which has fallen from roof to basement. 
The floors have all fallen, & the roof with a considerable 
part of the top story is gone. The floor of the hall was 
supported on a vaulted stone archway. The corbels of the 
ceiling of the hall still remain. Remains of fosse and draw- 
bridge are still visible. The foundations of buildings, ad- 
joining the west of the tower, together with a flanking tur- 
ret at the S. W. angle, are still to be traced. The view 
from the tower is beautiful beyond description. South- 
west the horizon of the North Sea is broken only by the 
faint conical mass of the Bass rock. Southwards opposite 
the tower is the bold outline of Berwick law: while further 
westward in mid-channel, a couple of miles distant, lies 
Tuchkeith, "I'isle des chevaux", where Dr. Johnson found 
'•some good grass with rather a profusion of thistles." 
Westward of Tuchkeith. on the horizon, in distinct view, 
alxuit 7 miles off. are seen, on clear days. Arthurs seat & 
Edinburgli Castle Eastward on the Fife coast the "lang- 


town" (about 2 miles long) of Kirkcaldie lies in the bosom 
of the bay, at the western extremity of which Seafield 
Tower stands very prominently. The opposite horn of the 
bay, is occupied by the ruins of Ravenscraig (or Ravens- 
heugh) Castle, the ancient seat of the St. Clairs of Rosline, 
Earls of Orkney : — 

"Moor, moor the barge, ye gallant crew. 
And gentle lady deign to stay; 
Rest thou in Castle Ravensheugh, 
Nor tempt the stormy firth today." 

Scott's Ballad of Ros-abelle. 

On the same coast, about a quarter of a mile west of 
Seafield, is a large cavern, reported to communicate with 
the house of Grange (half a mile northwards) I myself 
penetrated with a candle for about 500 feet into it & then 
found the way blocked with earth. The cavern is narrow 
and high at its entrance & ver}^ broad & capacious in the 
far interior ; reported to be a haunt for otters & badgers, of 
which however, I saw none. Northward, the hillside rises 
steeply above the tower & shelters it from the Northern 
blasts. The coast is bold and rocky with beautiful sandy 
coves, embosomed in walls of cliff, at frequent intervals. 
Immediately under the walls of the tower such a cove offers 
a delicious bathing place. It is an unsafe shore for boats, 
owing to the half -submerged rocks which here & there shew 
their dark backs ("dorsum inmane") above the boiling 
waves, as much as a hundred yards or so from the 
beach. The rocks on which the tower stand have 
in parts a delicate rose-tint, which is very pretty, 
as seen from a little distance. It was immediately 
opposite to Seafield Tower that the celebrated naval 
action began between Sir Andrew Wood of Leith 
& the English Captain Stephen Bull, in the year 1490. Bull 
waited for the return of Wood from a cruise, having shel- 
tered his five ships of war behind the Isle of May. Wood 


came on him without perceiving him till immediately be- 
fore he was attacked, having only two ships with him, The 
Flower & the Yellow Carvel. However he served out grog 
to his men & they went to work with a will. The fighting 
was so fierce that the ships drifted out of the Firth, grap- 
pling with one another & the action was finally ended by 
Bull's ships being captured, after a whole night & part of 
the next morning, in the Firth of Tay, whither all the ves- 
sels had drifted with the tide. A royal grant of land was 
made at this time to the laird of Seafield^ near to the lands 
given to Wood, whether for services rendered in this action 
or not is not known. 

Ros-coBiE the seat of the Moultries after 1631, is an ex- 
tensive domain on high ground overlooking Loch Leven 
from the North & extending nearly all the distance from 
Loch Leven to Dumfermline. The names of the farms on 
the estate were these, Woddiegrange, or Wodderhill, Red- 
crairgs, Bowleys or Bohill, Blaimbothers, Kitherwood, 
Corlpits, Pasbarith, Kingark, Craigencat. The estate was 
also called Woodend the mansion being called Bumhench. 
House & name have both disappeared, a portion of the old 
stables remains, built as old inhabitants on the spot affirm, 
by James Moultrie for his hunters. They are now made 
into 6 labourers cottages. The arches for discharging the 
hay from above into the manger still remain & shew for 
what purpose the building was originally used. I myself 
saw them there in 1876 & examined them with the present 
lessee of the Roscobie lime works who lives close by in a 
cottage still called Bow-hill. Royal charters of Charles L 
exist, confirming the Roscobie estates to Robert Moultrie. 
Other charters to the same effect exist in the name of John 
Lord Erskine (Earl of Mar) & Sir John Murray of Touch- 
adown. Robert had issue a son, James, who succeeded him. 

Coat of Arms : — Experts tell me, that the mention of a 

Seal used by Adam de Multrere in 1331, (vide supra) im- 


plies the possession of armorial bearings by the family at 
that time. The earliest record that I have yet been able to 
find of the arms of the famify is in "Nobiles Minores by 
James Pont (M. S. ctrc 1630) : — Moutray of Sheffield 
(Seafield) beareth arz: on a Cheveron A. a boare's head 
couped sa, and two spurretels g. between three escallops of 
the second." 

Translated into intelligible English : 

"Moultrie of Seafield has, for armorial bearings, an azure 
blue shield with a silver chevron (gabled band) on which 
is a black truncated boar's head with two red spur-rowels, 
between three silver scallop-shells." 

In heraldry a spur-rowel is styled a Mullet (Fr. Molette). 
Does this emblem in our arms "cant" on the name. "Mul- 
trae quesi Moletrier" i. e. the rider with the spur? and has 
it anything to do with the red-tongued boar's head on the 
chevron, between the red spurs? 

With regard to these arms it is remarkable that they (& 
the Motto) are identical with those of Auketell Moutray of 
Favour Royal, County Tyrone, Ireland. Their crest how- 
ever is now a hand with a dagger (the Erskine crest). Au- 
ketell Moutray however sent me an impression in sealing 
wax from the handle of a silver spoon which has been in 
his family for at least a century on which is engraved a 
Mermaid as crest. It is clear therefore that their arms were 
once absolutely identical with ours. He is a man of old 
estate & traces his family as far back as 1640 when there 
was a marriage with the Erskines. Probably he is descended 
from one of the Seafield Moultries who married another 
Erskine & settled in Ireland where the Erskines had estates. 
He has no record of any connection with Fife however or 
even Scotland. The Erskines (from their relationship to 
the Earl of Mar) were great favoiirites with James I of 
England & received large grants of land in Ireland from 





Dr. John Moultrie, the Emigrant and the progenitoi 
of the Moultrie family of South Carolina was bom in Cul- 
ross, Shire of Fife, Scotland. He was a physician of emi- 
nence and a graduate of the University of Edinburgh. He 
came to Charles Town, S, C. anterior to 1729 in which year 
his name appears among the signatures of the original 
founders of the St. Andrew's Club, now Society. Bom 
[702. Died in 1771. Married 22 April 1728 Lucretia 
Cooper' who was born in 1704 and died gth May 1747.* 
He married again 29 June 1748' Elizabeth Mathewes, who 
was bom and who died December, 


Issue: First Wife. 

(2) John, Royal Lieut.-Gov. E, Florida, bom 1729. 

(3) William, Major-General in American Revolution, 

bom 30 Nov. 1728''; died 27th Sept. 1805. 

' April 22. 1728. (Register of St Philip's Parish.) 
' "The s&me Day" [Saturda; before] "died, in the 33d Year of her 
Age, Mrs. Lucretia Moultrie, rtie Wife of Mr. John Moultrie an emi- 
nent Physician in this Town, a Gentlewoman possessed of every Qtial- 
ity that could render her an Ornament to her Sex." — The Soulh^aro- 
Sina Gasetle, Monday, May 1 1, ;747- 

'The register of St. Philip's Parish She was a widow (See The 
Soulh-Caroltmt' Gaceltf of July 9, 1748.) 

• The register of St. Philip's Parish gives November 23. 1730, Ii iUo 
records the burial, May 22, 1731, of "Katherine Moultrie a Child". 
James Moulttiie, the ihird son, was born November 3, 17J4. as shown 
by the register. 


(4) James^ Oucf-Jiistxe £. Fkmda, died 1765. 

(5) Thomas, CapL in American Revcdution. 
Issue: Second Wife. 

(6) Alexander, Attomqr-General of South Carolina. 

HonorabLe John Moultrie. M. D., bom* in Charles 
Town, S. C. Married, (ist) jolh April 1753, Dorothy 
Morton (nee Dry) the widow of John Morton.* Married 
again 5th Jany. 1762 Eleanor Austin, daughter of Capt. 
George Austin, of the Royal Xa\7, and Ann Ball. Hon. 
John Moultrie received the d^^ree of M. D. at the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh in 1749, his thesis being 'T>e Febre Ma- 
ligna Biliosa Americae". He returned to Carolina where 
he practiced his profession until 1767 when he removed to 
East Florida and was appointed Royal Lieutenant-Governor 
of that Province, which oflSce he continued to hold until 
Florida was ceded to Spain at which time he removed with 
his family to England. He is buried in Sheffnal Church, 

Issue: First Wife. 

(7) Sarah. 

Issue: Second Wife. 

(8) John, bom 22 Jany. 1764; died Dec. 18, 1823. 

(9) James. 

( 10) George. 

(11) Thomas, killed at Albuera. 

(12) Lucretia, married Charles Roger Kelsall. 

(13) Cecilia, married Admiral Bligh. 

Note: — In an old book of memoranda by Lydia Child, 
is the following entry : 

• January 18, 1728/9. (St. P. rcg.) 

• Sec The South-Carolina Gasette of April 30, 1753 and of August 3, 


"January 5lh, 1762, Mrs. Eleanor Austin run away with 
Mr. John Moultrie and was marrid.** 

Tradition hath it that Capt. Austin her father was op- 
posed to this match. Capt. Austin who had been a merchant 
in Charles Town returned to England where he lived upon 
his estate Aston Hall in Shropshire. After a lapse of some 
years the Hon. Henry Laurens undertook and effected a 
reconciliation and when he went to England he took with 
him a picture of Mrs. Eleanor Moultrie and her two sons, 
John and James, which in the absence of Capt. Austin 
from home he hung in the dining room at Aston Hall and 
upon Capt. Austin's return home he was much incensed 
with his servants for allowing a stranger to take such a lib- 
erty but finally the reconciliation was affected through Mr. 
Laurens. Mrs. Jane Moultrie wife of Maj. George Aus- 
tin Moultrie writing to Mrs. E. A. Poyas in May 1849, 

"The picture you allude to of Mrs. Eleanor Moultrie and 
her two sons, James on her lap and John my husband's 
father, standing by her knee offering her a rose, still hangs 
where Mr. Henry Laurens, perhaps, first placed it, in our 
dining room at Aston Hall." 

Note: — Capt. George Austin lies buried at Sheffnal 
Church. He bequeathed Aston Hall to his grandson, John 

Note : — Mrs. Eleanor Austin Moultrie was bom in Char- 
les Town in 1738 and died in London in 1826. 


John Moultrie of Aston Hall, Married November i6th 

Catherine Ball, daughter of Elias Ball (for- 
merly of Wambaw Plantation South Carolina, afterwards 
of Bristol, England) and Catherine Gaillard. 

250 so. cjk^ Hisnsicia* Asm GXSiuajoacA^ magazine. 

(14) George Aastm Moix&ne^ bora 5 Oct. 1787; died 4 
Jtme 186& 

Maj. Gecmks Acsttx Mocltbie married 4th July 1827 
Jane Davidson, fourth ckughtcr of Crawford Davidson. 

(15) Mary Catherine, bom May 6v 1828 

(16) John Austin, bom July 21. 1829. Ro>-al Navy. 

(17) Crawford Davidson, bom Xov. 7, 1830. Royal 

(18) Arthur Austin, bom April 14, 1832 

( 19) Jane bom Aug. 26* 1833 

(20) Grace, bom June 24th 1837. 

Note: — ^This branch became extinct in the male line by 
the death in battle of Lieutenant Arthur A. Moultrie, 90th 
R^ment, who was shot through the breast in the storm- 
ing of Lucknow under Havdock, in the year 1857. 

Jane Moultrie married George Waldgrave Bligh son 
of Admiral Bligh. 

(21) Winifred Rose Janet Cecilia Bligh. 

(22) Evelyn Grace Earl Bligh. 


Mary Catherine Moultrie married Thomas J. Heath- 


(23) Noel Mary Georg^ana Heathcoie. 

(24) George Bruce Wadham Heathcote. 

(25) Godfrey Austin Heathcote. 

(26) Rose Mary Heathcote. 

[Flou AN Engraving by J. C. Buttbe 





Wyndham Selfe Heathcote. 
Basil Heathcote. 
Walter George Heathcote. 
Herbert Moultrie Heathcote. 
Florence Poultney Heathcote. 
Arthur Napier Heathcote. 
Thomas Grange Jenkyns Heathcote. 


Dr. James Moultrie received the d^^ee of M. D. at 
the University of Edinburgh and returned to Charles Town 
the place of his nativity. He married, 4th Nov. 1790, his 
cousin Katherine Moultrie (126), the only child of Alex- 
ander Moultrie (6), the first Attorney-General of the State 
of South Carolina. 


(34) James, M. D., bom 27th March 1793. 

(35) Alexander, bom 5th Aug. 1794. 

(36) Katherine Judith, bora 25 Nov. 1798; died unmar- 
ried 1866. 

(37) Eleanor Austin, bom 5 Aug. 1799; died unmarried. 

(38) John. 

(39) William Lennox, M. D., born 29 Jan. 1800; died 18 
May 1865. 


Dr. James Moultrie was educated in England and re- 
ceived the degree of M. D. at Philadelphia in 1812. He 
served as a surgeon in the war of 18 12. He was one of the 
founders of the Medical College of the State of South Car- 
olina where he occupied the Chair of General Physiology 
until his 75th year. On the 12th of Nov. 1818 he married 
Sarah Louisa Shrewsbury daughter of Stephen Shrews- 
bury. No issue. 



Alexander Moultrie married (ist) Martha Guerard, 
(2nd) Jane Howard, and (3rd) Cornelia Strobhart By 
second and third wives he had no issue. 

Issue : 

First Wife 















Dr. William Lennox Moultrie married (ist) on the 
25th Nov. 1824, Hannah Child Harleston (daughter of 

William Harleston, Esq.) and (2nd) on the 

day of Nov. 1840 married Juliet Hall Ingraham daughter 
of Capt. Nathaniel Ingraham. She was born 4th July 1805 ; 
died 23 Dec. 1885. 

Issue : 

First Wife. 

(46) William Harleston, bom Nov. 5, 1825. 

(47) James, bom Jan. 3, 1827. 

(48) Constantia Harleston, bora May 5, 1829. 

(49) John Harleston, bora July 11, 183 1. 

(50) Catherine, bora June 10, 1833. 

(51) Edward Harleston, bom May 18, 1834. 

(52) Sarah, bora Dec 11, 1838. 


Second Wife. 

(53) Mary Louisa, bora 31 Dec. 1846. 

(54) Eleanor Catherine, died in infancy. 


CoNSTANTiA Harleston MouLTBlE married Peter Gour- 
din, Esq. planter. 

Issue : 
{55) James Moultrie Gourdin. 
{56) William Moultrie Gourdin, married Mrs. Annie B. 

Sturdivant (nee Douglas). 
(57) Henry Gourdin. 


Sarah Moultrie married Henry Laurens Ingraham, 
Esq., planter. 

Mary Louisa Moultrie married, 23rd Dec. 1869, Isaac 
Ball, Esq., planter. 

Issue : 

(58) Isaac Ball. 

(59) Julia Ball. 

(60) William Moultrie BaU. 
(6r) James Austin Ball. 

(62) Wm. McBumey Ball. 

(63) Loti Moultrie Ball. 

(64) Frances Guerin Ball. 

(65) Nathaniel Ingraham Ball. 

(66) Alexander Kelsall Ball. 

(67) John Comii^ Ball 

(68) Sarah Harleston Ball. 

(69) Charlotte Ingraham Ball. 


Isaac Ball married, 25th Dec. 1900, Ethel Weissenger, 
of Selma, Ala. 



Julia Ball married, 22nd Jtme 1896, Henry H. Ficken, 
Esq., Attomey-at-Law. 


(70) Katherine Margaret Ficken, bom 23rd June 1898. 

(71) Loti Moultrie Ficken, bom 2nd August 1902. 


William Moultrie Ball married, 27th. Nov. 190 1, 
Elise Rutledge Grimk6. 

Issue : 

(72) ^[ontaglle Grimke Ball, bom 20 Oct 1902. 


LoTi Moultrie Ball married, 3rd. Dec. 1902, Edmund 
Rhett, Esq. 


Rev. George Moultrie was bom in Carolina. He was 
a fellow-commoner of Trinity College, Cambridge. He was 
Vicar of Clerburg Mortimer. He married Harriett Fen- 
dall, of Maston Hall, in Gloucestershire. 

Issue : 

(73) John, in Holy Orders, bom 1799; died 1874. 

(74) Edward, a barrister. 

(75) William, a Captain in the Army. 

(76) Thomas, a Lieutenant in the Navy; drowned in the 
West Indies. 

(yy) Bligh, a Captain in the Army; drowned in Africa. 

(78) Charles, a Solicitor, died at Melbourne, Australia. 

(79) Harriet, married Thomas Scott. 

(80) Cecelia, Married John Peele. 


John Moultrie, A. M., Canon of Worcester Calhedral 
and Rector of Rugby, a market town in Warwickshire. Ed- 
ucated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge. Married 
Harriet Ferguson, grand-daughter of Ferguson, Laird 
of Monkwood in Ayrshire. 
Issue : 





Gerard, in Holy Orders, bom Sept. i6, 1829. 

George William. 

John, died in infancy. 

Ferguson Rose, born June i, 1825 1 died unmarried. 

Margaret Harriet. 

Mary Dunlop. 

Amy Jane Coleridge. 

Mabel Peele. 


Rev. Gerard Moultrie. M. A., Exeter College Ox- 
ford, and vicar of Southleigh, Oxfordshire, 1869. Mar- 
ried, 1855, Elizabeth, second daughter of Rev. C. A. An- 
stey, a grandson of Anstey, the poet. 

Issue : 
( 89) Barnard, torn Jan. 10, 1859, Howbwry Vicarage, 

Wakefield Yorkshire. 

(90) John, born Feby. 3, i860, curate Christ Church, 
Dorcoster Yorkshire. 

(91) Gerard Ferguson. lx)rn Feb. 5, 1864: died in in- 

(92) Lawrence Gerard, born Aug. 10, 1866. 

(93) Austin, bom Dec. 4, 1867, St. Saviours Vicarage, 
Leeds, Yorkshire. 

(94) Eleanor May, bom May 15th 1856. 

(95) Adela, bom Aug. 5, 1857. 

(96) Mary, bom Nov. 10, 1861. 

(97) Agatha, born July 29, 1865. 


Note : — Christopher Anstey the poet also known as Anst- 
ey of Bath was a wit and man in good society ; author of a 

famous jeu d'esprit called the "New Bath Guide" a poem 
ridiculing the manners of the age. His elder brother was 
Squire of Trumpington Hall near Cambridge. He was 
buried in Poet's Corner in Westminister Abbey where his 
monument still remains. 


George William Moultrie, second son of Rev. Cancm 
Moultrie, Dep. Secretary of Bankof, Bengal, Married, Oct 
2, 1835, Elizabeth Frederica, daughter of J. Curric, Esq., 
of Pickford, Ticehurst, Kent, Member of Council of India 
and niece of Sir Frederick Currie, Bart. 

Issue : 

(98) James Edward, bom Nov. 16, 1858. 

(99) Fendall Alexander, born Aug. 20, i860 

(100) Hugh Crawford, born Sept. 23, 1868. 
(loi) Stewart Buller, born Nov. 6, 1872. 

(102) Amy Frederica, born Aug. 20, i860. 

(103) Helen Georgiana, born April 11, 1866. 

(104) Constance Minnie, bom May 4th 1877. 

Margaret Harriett married the Rev. Offley Carey. 
Issue : 

(105) Catherine Annie Carey. 

(106) Lucius Carey. 

(107) Margaret Emily Carey. 


Edward Moultrie married. 

Issue : 

( 108) Catherine Cecile Earnest. 


William Moultrie^, second son of Dr. John Moultrie, the 
emigrant, was bom in Charles Town, S. C, November 23, 
1730®; was baptized in St. Philip's Parish, December 24, 
1730®; married, December 10, 1749, Elizabeth Damaris de 
St. Julien®, daughter of the third Pierre de St. Julien®, who 
dying, he next married, in October, 1779, Mrs. Hannah 
Lynch, widow of Hon. Thomas Lynch and daughter of 
Jacob Motte, Esq., sometime Public Treasurer of South 
Carolina ; was elected a member of the Commons House of 
Assembly from St. John's Parish, Berkeley, October 29th. 
and 30th. 1754^"; was appointed, by Lieutenant-Governor 
Bull, a captain in the South Carolina Provincial Regiment 
in the Cherokee War, September 16, 1760^^; was again 
elected to the Commons House of Assembly from St. John's, 
Berkeley, March 7th. and 8th. 1769*^; reelected, Sep- 
tember 22nd. and 23rd. 1772^^; reelected December 
15th. and i6th. 1772^** ; was major of the militia regiment of 
horse of the Province in 1773*^ and colonel thereof in 1774^* 
and 1775^'; was a deputy to the First Provincial Congress 
of South Carolina, for St. Helena's, 1775^®, and of the Sec- 
ond Provincial Congress, 1775-1776^®, and as such became a 
member of the first General Assembly of the State of South 
Carolina upon the adoption of the Constitution of March 
26, 1776, and was, on that day, elected a member of the 
Legislative Council; was elected, in June, 1775, by the First 
Provincial Congress, colonel of the 2nd. Regiment (regu- 
lars) of South Carolina and was commissioned by the 
Council of Safety, June 17, 1775^°; was in command of the 

' This sketch of Gen. Moultrie was prepared by the editor of this 

• Register of St. Philip's Parish. 

• Transactions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina, No. II., 

P- 43. 

*• The South-Carolina Gazette, November 14, 1754. 

" The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magasine, Vol. 
III., p. 204- 
" The S'C. Gazette, March 16, 1769. 
" Ibid, Oct. I, 1772. " Ibid, Dec 24, 1772. 
" jyells's Register, I774- " Ibid, 1775. 

" Drayton's Memoirs of the American Revolution, Vol. I., p. 353. 
" The S-C. Gazette, Jany. 23, 1775. " Ibid, Sept. 7, 1775. 

• Moultrie's Memoirs of the American Revolution, Vol. I., pp. 65 
and 75. 


forces on Sullivan's Island on June 28, 1776, when simulta- 
neous victories were gained over a British fleet and army at 
each extremity of the island — the troops in the unfinished 
and unnamed fort^^ on the western end of the island, which 
defeated the fleets being under his immediate command, and 
those at the field works on the eastern end of the island, 
which defeated the army, being under the immediate com- 
mand of Lt.-Col. Wm. Thomson, of the 3rd. Regiment ; was 
thanked by Congress, July 20. 1776; with his regiment was 
put upon the Continental Establishment, Se^ptember 20, 
1776; was promoted, by Congress, brigadier-general on the 
Continental Establishment, September 16, 1776; elected 
first State Senator fronl St. John's, Berkeley, 1778; com- 
manded tlie forces that on February 4, 1779, attacked the 
British force on Port Royal Island and drove it off the 
island ; commanded the American forces on the South Caro- 
lina side of the Savannah River during Lincoln's invasion of 
Georgia in the spring of 1779. and succeeded in defeating 
Prevost's attempt on Charles Town in May, 1779, without 
bringing on a general action; commanded in and around 
Charles Town while Lincoln was on the expedition against 
Savannah in the autumn of 1779; took part in the defense 
of Charles Town in 1780, and, after the surrender of the 
town was paroled to barracks at Haddrell's Point (now 
Mount Pleasant) from whence he was sent to Philadelphia 
and finally exchanged, February 9, 1782; was promoted 
major-general, October 15, 1782, and served to the end of 
the war; was elected Governor of South Carolina, in 1785, 
serving two years, and again in 1794, serving two years: 
died September 27, 1805*^. His Memoirs of the American 
Rci'olufion (New York : David LongAvorth, 1802) is a valu- 
able contribution to the historj^ of the Revolution. 

" Soon after the battle the General Assembly named the fort Fort 
Moultrie in honor of its defender. The flag that floated over the fort 
during the fight was, with slight changes, adopted as the State flag. 
We are unable to ascertain what ever became of the flag which was 
used in the fight, and which was so gallantly rescued by Sergeant Wil- 
liam Jasper when it was shot down by the British. 

vesierday morning. Major-General William Moultrie: 
The revolutionary services of this much beloved and revered patriot 
are so well known to every American, as to render any recital of them 
unnecessary. The citizens at large, and the military in particular, 
testimony of their due sense of his merits by giving him 
the most honourable and respectable burial." — Charleston Courier, Sat- 
urday morning, September 20, 1805. 


Issue: First wife. 

(109) Lucretia, b. Oct 13, 1750; d. 1763. 

( 1 10) William, b, August 7, 1752. 


William Moultrie, son of Gen. William Moultrie, was 
born August 7, 1752; was appointed a second lieutenant 
in the 2nd. Regiment in 1775 and was successively promoted 
first lieutenant and captain; married, January 11, 1776*', 
Hannah Ainslie; was elected a member of the House of 
Representatives of South Carolina in 1781 ( " J^icksonbor- 
ough Assembly") from St. George's Parish, Dorchester; 
died December 11, 1796.** 
Issue : 
hi) De St. Julien. 

112) Lucretia. 

113) John Ainslie. 

114) Eliza Charlotte. 

115) Ann Fergusson. 

116) Wm. Ainslie. 

117) William. 


Eliza Charlotte Moultrie, daughter of William Moul- 
trie, Jr., married Edward Brailsford. 
Issue : 

(118) Amelia Brailsford. 

(119) John M. Brailsford. 

( 120) Alexander Baron Brailsford. 

(121) Serena Eliza Brailsford. 

(122) William Moultrie Brailsford. 

(123) Hannah Ainslie Brailsford. 

James Moultrie, third son of Dr. John Moultrie , the em i- 

» "Marriages" ♦ ♦ ♦ "Lieut William Moultri71o~Miss HanniSi 
ninslie, Daughter of John Ainslif, Esq; deceased. — Hon. Henry Mid- 
dleton. Esq; to the Hon. Lady Mary Ainslie, Widow of John Ainslie, 
Esq: deceased, and Daughter of the late Earl of Cromartie.''-^rii# 
South-Carolina and American General Gajtettc, Friday, January 19^ 

^ "Died, at his seat. Windsor Hill, in St James's parish. Goose-creek, 
on the nth inst. IVilliam Moultrie, jun. tsq/'—^ity-Gasette and Daily 
Advertiser, Monday. December ift 1796. 


grant, was bom Xovembcr 3, 1734*' ; married Cecilia Staun- 
ton daughter of Chancellor Staunton, of England; was 
elected a member of the Commons House in 1762; was 
sometime chief-justice of East Florida. 
Issue : 

(124) James, who died in Ireland as a major in the British 

(125) Annabella, who married. May 31, 1787, Edward 

Thomas Moultrie, fourth son of Dr. John Moultrie, the 
emigrant, was bom October 24, 1740^'; was elected, by 
the Provincial Congress, a lieutenant of regulars in June, 
1775, and was commissioned by the Council of Safety on 
June 17, 1775, and assigned to the 2nd. Regiment; was 
promoted captain, October 2, 1776. and was killed, April 
24, 1780, at the siege of Charles Town. 


Alexander Moultrie, son of Dr. John Moultrie, the emi- 
grant, by his second wife*®, was bom about 1750; was ad- 
mitted to the Middle Temple in 1768 and educated for the 
Bar; married. May 24, 1772, Catherine Judith Lennox, 
daughter of James Lennox; was elected Attorney-General 
of South Carolina upon the adoption of the Constitution 
of March 26, 1776; was elected to the House of Represen- 
tatives of South Carolina from Charles Town (parishes of 
St. Philip and St. Michael) in 1778, and reelected in 1781. 

Issue : 
(126) Catherine, b. May 2^^ ^77Z\ married, November 4, 
1790, her cousin, Dr. James Moultrie (9) ; died 
June 7, 1865. (See issue on page 251.) 

* Register of St Philip's Parish. There was a daughter Catherine^ 
who came between William and James, who was buried May 22, 173a, 
according to the same register. 

" See Vol. III. of this magazine, p. 162. 
" Register of St Philip's Parish. 

* Dr. John Moultrie had a son Alexander by his first wife, Lucretia 
Cooper, who was born July 2, 1742, and buried May 30, 1743. (See 

Register of St Philip s Parish.) 


A Tradition Confirmed. — On page 13 of his Life of 
John C. Calhoun, Mr. Gustavus M. Pinckney states, upon 
the authority of Hunter's biography of Calhoun, that one of 
Calhoun's Caldwell uncles was a prisoner at St. Augustine 
for nine months during the Revolution, and in a foot-note 
he says that "Gen. Edward McCrady points out to the 
author that this detail from the Hunter account is not his- 
torically accurate." Gen. McCrady had in mind the paroled 
prisoners sent in exile to St. Augustine from Charles Town 
in 1780, among whom there was certainly no Caldwell, but 
the following extract from The South-Carolina and Ameri- 
can General Gazette of Thursday, February 27, 1777, will 
show just when it was that Caldwell was imprisoned at St. 
Augustine : 

''ON the Morning of the 17th inst, Fort Mackintosh at Sitilla was at- 
tacked by a large Party from Florida. The Garrison of the Stockade 
consisted of about 50 Men, commanded by Capt Richard Winn, of 
the South-Carolina Rangers. The Enemy kept up a smart Fire on the 
Garrison for about 5 Hours, after which Lieut Col. Thomas Brown, 
of the Florida Rangers, came with a Flag, and required the Garrison 
to surrender, threatening, that in Case of Non-compliance, no Mercy 
would be shewn. Capt. Winn demanded an Hour's Time to consider, 
which was agreed to; in Answer to the Proposition, he soon informea 
Capt Brown, by a Serjeant, that 'they were bound in Honour not to 
comply with it, and that if they should fall into his Hands, they ex- 
pected to be treated as Gentlemen and Prisoners of War.' The Ser- 
jeant returned, bringing with him Lord and General Howe's Procla- 
mation. Capt. Winn bid the Enemy Defiance ; a smait Fire inunediately 
ensued, and was kept up on both Sides for ab6ut an Hour. Next Day 
Lieut. Col. Fuser, of the Royal Americans, the commanding officer 
of the Enemy, sent in a Message to Capt Winn, and desired he would 
send out some of his Officers to see the Forces and their Preparationf 
for the Attack. This was complied with, all the Officers, excepting 
Capt Winn, going out. On their Return, they informed him of the 

Enemy's Force being vastly superiour to his, and of their being provided 
with 5 Field Pieces. It was therefore determined to surrender, and at 

twelve o'Qock the Enemy were put in Possession of the Fort The 



Garrison were allowed to keep their Baggage, were disarmed, and ex- 
cepting two Officers, Lieutenants Caldwell and Miller, who are sent 
to Augustine, were dismissed on their Parole, to be considered as Pris- 
oners of War, till an equal Number is exchanged. They were escorted 
some Distance to protect them from the Savages, who were very un- 
ruly. The Force of the Enemy was about looo Men; 500 of them 
Regulars, 100 Florida Rangers, the rest Indians. Of Capt. Winn's 
Men 4 were wounded; the Loss of the Enemy was not known, but 
several were seen carried off. Col. Harris, who went with a Party 
from Fort Howe to the Assistance of Capt. Winn, fell in with a su- 
perior Number of the Enemy, and was obliged to retire with the Loss 
of 6 Men killed and taken." 

By Col William Thomson's order book, published in Sal- 
ley's History of Orangeburg County^ it will be seen that 
a detachment under command of Capt. Winn was ordered to 
duty in Georgia by Col. Thomson, December 28, 1776. 

Columbians Water Supply in 1820. — "On Wednesday 
morning last, the steam engine, put up by col. Blanding, 
for the purpose of supplying the town of Columbia with 
water, was set in operation before a large number of the 
citizens and members of the Legislature. The pipe to the 
lower basin was not complete, and of course the water could 
not be propelled from the machine to the upper basin. But 
as far as could be judged from the operation of the machine 
alone, it gave universal approbation. A cleaner working 
piece of machinery perhaps is not in the United States. It 
appeared more like the movement of a celestial system than 
a human invention, to see the complicated machinery in 
active motion, with a balance-wheel of sixty hundred 
weight, without the least noise or jar." — Columbia letter in 
The Charleston Courier of Wednesday, December 20, 1820. 

A Revolutionary Soldier. — ^The Iowa Society of the 
Sons of the American Revolution recently unveiled, in the 
Art Gallery of the Slate Historical Department, a bronze 
tablet "To the Memory of Revolutionary Soldiers Buried in 
lowJai." There are five names on the tablet and one of the 
five IS "George Perkins Bom, South Carolina 1754 Died, 
Lee County, 1840" 

Abbeville County. 12«. 

Abbot. Tb« (by ScolO. »«■ 

AbboK. James. 100. 

Abbott. Mary. tOO. 

Abnb&ms. Willtam, IIT. 

Achart, John, IbO- 

Adnlr. Lieutenant William, tlO. 

Adam. . 141. 

Adam. WUllAm. 141. 
AdAms. Andrew, 16, 17, 1). 
Adam*. Eaeklel. 87. 88 (1). 
Adama, Ullah, 18E. 
Adkfna. Bartley, 15). 
Admiralty, the High Court of. o( Eng- 
land, 110, note 10; offloers of (ov 
Carolina. Ibid; the Secretary of the. 
Admon Act Book, 100. 101, 103. 
A dye. WUUam. 100. 
Africa. 123. ZG4. 
Ainalle. Hnnneh, 250. 
Ainalle, John. £59. note it. 
AlnaUe, Hon. Lady Mary (Mnt e ile). 

>S0. note 23. 
Alah. Hsrmaduke, 21S. 
Air. Dr.. 1J5. 
AJr. Mr,. 138. 
Alatanuu 114. 
Albany (N. Y.t. 119. 
Albert. Wllllani. 16. 1>. 
Albuera. 24S. 

Alecander. Capt. A., 11, note 25. 
Alexander. Mrs A.. 11, note 25. 
Alexander. Alexander. 119-10. 
Alexander. Elli.ibeth. 119. 
AlkhAni IS^K-t. 1ST. 
All ealnt! (Ene). 167. 
Allan. James. 69. 
Allen. Andrew, 223. 

Allen. Joseph 162 

AlUaoil, Joieph. lal. 

Allston, Gen. Joseph. 118. 

AUrton, Cfcpt. Joseph BIyth. obituary 
sketch of. 123-114: poems of referred 
to. 134, 

Allaton, Jaieph North <not Btyth). 
■on of above. 1!4, 

Allatnn. Governor R. P W.. 113. 171. 

Alston. Mrt. B, F., 198 

Alston, Rebecca, 114. 

Altamaba eatatea ot Henry Lairvtis, t. 

Amelia Townshlpb 131. 

America, 9. 7S, 16, 100, 101. 103. 13s. 

163. 166. 190. Ill (I). 313. 1:4 (». 

need of a blahop for. 38: troops for. 




American Plantaiione (colonies). 43, 

American Revolution. 143 (1). 147. 141, 
Drayton's Mtmuirs «! rhe. 367. note 
17: Moultrie's Merrolrs ot the. 261. 
note 30: 368. 

Ammonda. Joshua. 160. 

Anabaptists In South Carolina, 11 (1). 
31, 34 (3). 38, 41. preichera ot the 
31. SB. 

Ancbmontle, . 238. 

Ancrum. Ma]c.r George, 91 (It, M, 

Anderaon (S. C). Itl. 

Anderson. Isaac. 144. 

Anderson, Samuel. 166. 

Anderson, Thomas. 148. 

Anderson. 'William. 144 

Andrewa, Israel. 59. 

Andrlver. John. 326. 

Andy, Christopher, 149. 

Angus, the EnrI of, 233. 

Anne, Queen. 31. 

Anson. G„ 107. 

Ansled. John. 3IT. 

Anstey. Rev. C ^ . SS6. 

Anstey. Christopher, poet, £6E, IH 

Anstey, Ellltabeth. 256. 

Anthony. Cliaries. 162. 

Antolne. Mich"!. 136. ^ 

Antwerp-on-the-Scheld, Charles Towt. 
compared to. 10. 

Apalacbla slaves, 93, 

Appledore (Bng.). 1(7, 

Archdale, Governor John. De'crlptlon 
of that Fertile and Pleaannt Prov- 
ince of CajTillna by. 109. note S, 

Artnatrong, Col, (N. C.I. 94. 

Armstrong. Capt. James, statement of 
In re EL 8. Hayne. 184. note ST, 

Army ot N'orthem Virginia. 63. 



Amot, the Dean* 240. 

Ai^illery Company (In Charles Town 
in 1776). 118. 

Artlllenr Regiment, the South Carolina 
(4 th. Regt., 8. C. Line) Continental, 
16. 120. 

Arthur's Seat, 24S. 

Artists connected with South Caro- 
lina, 58, note 8. 

Ash (or Urinfrston), Anne, 101. 

Ash, John, abstract of will ot 108-104. 

Ash, John, son of above, 104. 

Ash, Mrs. Mary (Batt). 108, 104. 

Ash, WillianK 104. 

Ashbury, James, 148. 

Ashby, Mrs. E<llsabeth (Thorowgood), 

Ashby. Jemima, 161. 

Ashby, John, abstract of will of, 161. 

Ashby, John, son of above, 161. 

Ashby, Theodosla, 161. 

Ashby, Willlanu 161. 

Ashley River. 88. 220. 

Ashevllle (N. C), 178. 

Asia. 228. 

Assembly, General, of S. C. Provin- 
cial. 9, 26, 27. 82 (2), 84. 49. State. 16, 62, 
66, 117, 180, 196, 267, 268, note 21; 
centennial of its meeting at Colum- 
bia, 128. 

Assemblyes Annotations. 226. 

Association, the (General, signed in 
South Carolina in 1776. 9. 

Astlow, , 19. 

Aston Hall, 249. 

Atchison. David, 104. 

Atchison, David, cousin of above, 104. 

Atchison, Qeorge, abstract of will of, 

Atchison, Orisell, 104. 

Atchison. Mrs. Jane. 104. 

Atchison, Jennett, 104. 

Atchison. John, 104. 

Atchison, Mary, 104. 

Athol, the Ikirl of, 286. 

Atkinson, John. 162. 

Attorney-Generals of South Carolina, 
172 (R. T. Hayne), 188 (L W. Hayne), 
242, 248. 260 (Moultrie). 

Attorneys in South Carolina in Pro- 
vincial days, 168 (Hume). 

Atwood, SaUy. 120. 

Augusta (Ga.), 61. 

Austin. ESeoiior, 848. 249. 

AusUn, Gtoorte. 227, 248, 249. 
Australia. 264. 
pshire. -266. 

Baas, Capt. John. 119. 

Bacot, Peter. 220, 221 (2). 

Bacot, Thomas, 119. 

Badsworth (Eng.), 222. 

Badwell (plantation). 124. 

Bailey. Ralph, of E3disto Island and 
Some of His Descendants, 179. note 

BailUe. Robert C, 148. 

Baker. Lieut, (afterwards Capt.) 
Jesse. 20 (8). 210, 211, 212. 

Baker, Capt Richard Bohun, 17, 212. 

Balcaskie (ScoUand), 280. 

Balium, Icabod, 168. 

Ball, Alexander Kelsall, 268. 

Ball, Ann, 248. 

Ball. Catherine, 249. 

Ball. Charlotte Ingraham. 268. 

Ball, Elias» 249. 

Ball. Frances Guerln, 268. 

Ball, Isaac. 268. 

BaU, Isaac. Jr., 268. (2). 

Ball, James Austin, 268. 

Ball. John Coming, 268. 

Ball. Julia, 268. 264. 

BaU, LoU MouUrie. 268, 264. 

Ball, Montague Grimke. 264. 

Bcdl. Nathaniel Ingraham, 268. 

Ball. Sarah Harleston. 268. 

Ball, William McBumey, 268. 

Ball, William MoultHe, 268, 264. 

Ballot reform in the South, 66. 

Ballydon, 29. 

Balmuto (Scotland), 280. 287. 

Baltimore (Mdi), 124. 

Banbury. WUliam. 220, 221. 

Bancroft, (Seorge, centennial of the 
birth of, 128. 

Bank of England, 112, note 19; 219. 

Bankruptcy, proceedings of a commis- 
sion of. 199. 

Banks. James, 144. 

Banks broken by the Confederate war^ 

Barbadoes, 168. 

Barker. Theodore G., 196. 

Barker. Thomas, 160. 

Barking (ESng.). 49. 

Bamett, John, 144. 

Barnwell. Alice Trapier, 186. 

Barnwell. Edward, 186. 

Barnwell, Edward H.. 184. 

Barnwell, Harriet Hayne. 186. 

Barnwell. Isaac H.. 186. 

Barnwell, John, 121. 

Barnwell, Hon. Joseph W.. 2 (2). 

Barnwell. Joseph Walker. 186. 



Barnwell, Mary, 121. 
Barnwell, Robert Wocxlward, 186. 
Barnwell, Stephen Elliott, 186. 
Barnwell, William H., 186. 
Baronies mentioned. 106 (Robert 
Johnson's, subsequently known as 
"Manlgault's Barony"), 106, 106 (2), 
166 (Raphoe). 
Barron. Capt. John. 68. 
Barrow. Rev. John, 56. 
Barton, Ann. 108. 
Barton, Mrs. AJine, Jr.. 108. 
Barton, Thomas, 108. 
Bates. John. 117. 
Bath (Ehff.). 100. 227. 266. 

Batheny, , If. 

Batt, Rev. Samuel. 108. 
Baxter. Hanna, 228. 
Baxter's ESverlastins Rest, Call to Re- 
pentance, At the Judflrment Day, and 
Rules for IPeAce of Consciance, 226. 
Bay, the (Charles Town), 106, 106. 
Beamor. Mrs. Florence (Morton), 111. 

note 17; 114, note 22. 
Beamor. Florence, 111, note 17; ll4. 

116. note 28. 
Beamor. Jacob, 114, note 22. 
Beamor. Mrs. James, mother of John, 

114, note 22. 
Beamor, John. 114. 116, note 28. 
Beamor. Joseph. 114. note 22; 116. 
Bean. James. 144. 
Bean, William, 144. 
Bear Bluff (plantation), 111, note 19. 

Beaseley. Peter, 158. 

Seattle. Elisabeth A.. 186. 

Seattle. H. C 186. 

Beetle. Hamlin. 186. 

Beattie. Harvey Cleveland. 186. 

Seattle. Margaret H.. 186. 

Beatty. John. 117. 

Beaufort. 121, 172. 

Bee. Mary. 180. 

Beech Hill, 111. note If. 

Beech Island, 61. 

Bellinger. Landgrave Edmund, 104. 

Bellinger. Landgrave E}dinund, son of 
above, 227. 

Benard. Jean Jacques, 226. 

Bench and Bar of South C!arollna 
((TNeall), 170, note 6; 171, note 7. 

BMigml, 256. 

Benson, Mr., 16L 

Beresford, Richard <?), 200. 

BeriLeley County, 101. 120, 182, note 40; 
220, 227, 22f, 267 (2). 268. 

Bennada, 48, 4f. 

Berrow (Eng.), lOf, note 7; 226. 
Berry, Charles, 146. 
Berwick Law, 248. 
Berwick-on-Tweed. 22f. 

Bichty farm. 238. 
Bicknell, C, 8. 6. 6, 8, 11. 

Biddiford (Eng.). 86. 
Bill, Samuel, 161. 

Biography, South Carolina, 67, 68. 

Birchin Lane (London), 164. 

Bishop, William, 218. 

Bishop, need of one in America, 8f . 

Bishop of London, the Lord. 21, 28. 24 
(2). 81. 40. letter of to the Lord 
Treasurer, 56. 

Black, James. 144. 

Black. John, 117. 

Black Snake (canoe), 4. 

Blackness Castle, 280. 

Blair, Wade, 164. 

Blair Adam (house), 242. 

Blairgnhan, 281. 

Blaimbothers. 246. 

Blake, Benjamin, 108. lOf, note 6. 

Blake (or Morton), Deborah, lOf, note 
7; 110. 118, note 20; 226. 

Blake, Lady Elisabeth, 104. 

Blake, Elizabeth. 109, note 6. 

Blake. Oapt. John, inventory of com- 
pany of. 16, return of company of, 

Blake, Governor Joseph, lOf. note 6; 

Blake, Gen. Robert. 108-9. 109. note 6. 

Blakley. Bland, 147. 

Blanding, Col., 262. 

Bletchley, John. 227. 

Bligh, Admiral. 248. 250. 

Bligh. Evelsm Grace E^rl. 250. 

Bligh. (Seorge Waldgrave, 260. 

Bligh, Winifred Rose Janet Cecilia, 

Bloody Legion, 69. 

Bolder, Isaac, 69. 

Bona, Lewis, 59. 

Bone, John, 147. 

Bonett, Sergeant, 19. 

Bonifant, Francis. 224. 

Bonner. Phoebe, 106. 107. 

Bonnet, Francois, 226. 

Book of Discipline, 286. 

Books, references to. In South Caro- 
lina, 24, 26. 106, 118, note 19; 164, IM. 
181. note 28; 226. 

Boon, Isaac, 146. 

Sooner. John. 119. 

Booshoi (plantation). 220 (Boshee). 



Booth, John, 146. 

Bores, JOh 104. 

Boston, 11, 72, 120, 179, note 18. 

BoeweU (Boe«vlUe), Davids 2S0, 281. 

BoBwell (Boseville), Katherine, 280. 

BoBwell (Boseville), Sieur Robert de, 

BOswell of Balmuto (1566), 287. 
Boulter, Thomas, 224. 
Bounetheau, Peter, 220. 221 (8). 
Bounty, the Queen's, to missionaries. 

Bouran, Antoine, 226. 

Bordeaux. 207. 

Bourn, Maud B. C. 176. 

Bowell, Ddward, 108, 109. note 7; 221 

Bowell, Mrs. Rebecca, 109, note 7; 118. 

note 20; 226. 
Bowen, John, 160. 
Bowen, Sir Richard, 221, 222. 
Bowers, Randolph, 162. 
Bowie, Capt. John, 69. 
Bowland, James, 152. 
Bowleys (or BohiU), 246. 
Boyd, James, 226, 226. 
BJDyes. C^pt. Alexander, 88 (2), 210. 
Brademan, Thomas, 117. 
Bradford, Thomas, 120. 
Bradwell, Lieut.. 211. 212. 
Brallsford, Alexander Baron, 259. 
Brail8ford> Amelia, 269. 
Brallsford, Edward, 269. 
Brallsford, Bdmund. abstract of wili 

of. 166-170. 
Brallsford, Edmund, son of above, 165. 

Brallsford, Etemnah Alnslie, 269. 
Brallsford, John, son of 1st Edmund. 

Brallsford, John, son of 1st. Joseph, 

118. note 19. 
Brallsford. John M., 269. 
Brallsford, Joseph, 118, note 19; 165. 
Brallsford, Joseph, son of above. 118, 

note 19. 
Brallsford. Morton, 118, note 19; 166. 
Brallsford^ Morton, son of above, 118. 

note 19; 121. 
Brallsford. Samuel, 118, note 19; 165. 

Brallsford, Sarah, 118, note 19. 
Brallsford, Serena Elisa» 269. 
Brallsford, William^ 118, note 19. 
Qrallsford, William Moultrie, 269. 
Rranford, Susannah. 169. 
Brankstone Orange. 242. 

Bray, Rev. Dr.> 28, 28, 40. 

Brazil, Jacob, 147. 

Breech Inlet, 206. note 6. 

B^emar. Oapt. Francis, 88. 

Bremar. Mary ("Molsy"). 138, 207. 

Brent, Jacob, 100. 

Brett, Richard, 162. 

Brevard, Eloisa, 181, 188. 

B^reyler, Jacob, 16, 17. 

Bridgeman, William, 110, note 10. 

Bridgewater (Eng.). 109, note 6. 

Bridge water, Ellas, 162. 

Bridgewater. Isaac, 152. 

Brienton (Scotland), 289. 

Bristol. 69 (2), 199, 249, Dean of, 228; 

John Laurens's expedition to, 197. 
Bristol, H. M. S., 206. 
British army, defeat of, 268; mention- 
ed, 260. 
British fleet, defeat of 268. 
Bbritish (Government, the. 15. 
British Public Record Office, 21 (2), 9a. 
Broad Street (Cliarleston) mentioned, 

68. 102. 218 (2); No. 28, 68. 
Broadway, £)dward, 149. 
Brompton (Eng.), school at, 136. note 

Brook (recorder of wills). 104, 224. 
Brooks, Joseph, 146. 
Brooner. William, 86. 
Broughton, Andrew^ 106, 106. 
Broughton, Nathaniel, 106, 106. 
Broughton, Hon. Col. Thomas. 81, 106, 

106, 228. 
Broughton Island (Ga.), 8, 4 (8). 

Brown, , 19. 

Brown. Mr., 88. 

Brown, Lieut. (S. C. militia). 94. 

Birown. Lieut. Benj., 210, 211. 

Brown. Bozwell, 158. 

Brown. Cornelius, 120. 

Brown, Sergt. John. 86. 

Brown, Stephen, 164. 

Brown, LIeut.-Col. Thomas, 261. 

Brown, Willlamn Capt. Blake's Co., W. 

Regt.. 17. 
Bro\iTi. William, Capt. Jos. Warl«r» 

Co.. 8d. Regt.. 149. 
Browning (recorder of wills). 222. 
Brozbe. Jesse. 158. 
Bruce. Moses. 17. 19. 
Bruce. Robert, the, 229. 
Brunson, Jacob. 164. 
Bruselland (Scotland), 284. 
Brushears. Samuel, 166. 
Bryan. Mr.. 120. 
Bryan. Anglis, 117. 

Biran, Hon. Georrr S_ W. noie t. 
BrTftn. WUHkDX 154. 
Bnmaon, Ottngt. it. 17, l». 
Bncdensli. tb* tuHW* oC 141. 
Wwhufian. U^at^ III. 111. 
Budwxian. Pnsldelit Jutim. IBS. 
BanhMiMi, Ckpc laba. ii, lU, SU. 

21a ()>. 
Budd. C«pt. John Shivers. IM. 
Butat Chapter. Roae Crols. «7. 
Boll. John. E). 
Bnll, H<Ki. J<dm. 1*1. 
BnU. Capt. StepbcD, Royal NkTjr, 14*. 



BuO. UeoL-GOT. wnUam <td.>. I, m 

nMe 1>: »1 Ct). 1ST. 
BnUtoe. Iteir. lO. 
Boncta. John. I4(. 
AmieiL Robert. 110. 

BarKC?. Jb3^?i I'2 

BnrpM on JuKlncatloa. *1<. on ^Ir- 

Itou RefinlnKB. *!•. 
Burke. Bdmtuiid, 111. 
Burkett. Titoamt. 1{. IT. 
BurUtt. Rev. WlIDam. n (1>. M. 
Bombencb (inanalOD), S4(. 
Buroeu Dr.. in 
Bamet. Banb. 121. 
Bank's Wtasif (Cbartc* To«a>. lU; 
BsnM. Hiwawi. acbool ot CS. 
BaniK TkmiiH^ IM. 
Bornttotand <ScoU«lkd>. 1S4. 
Barren. Rer. NaUuuil«l. M. 
Bnabr. Jofan. IM. 
BoUer. Hoo. A. P. (1T»«-1UT>, Itt. 
BuU«r. Elolae Brcrsrd. lU. 
Btuler. Jcwpfa. IT. 
ButUIl. Bmjuntn. IH. 1*7. 
Bnltall Charln 1*C. 117 
Battall. G«on«. IH. 
BottalL Honptovr. IM. i«I. 
Butiall Jottn. IH. ItT. 
BntlslL JOAhoa. MT. 
Bnttall. Mn. MaiT. IM. ICT. 

TaldwcU. Capt Wjamm. p.i)r-raU o( 
at U1~U2. 1S>. IM. naa- 
ICI. KI <Uien a iieuleoaat) 
PtecbMya life at Jobs C_ 
HI; HvntcTa; HI. 
Caltto nUa. iTt. 8apram« Coan ot. iii. 
Oottea Hm <Eainbiiirsli), St*. m 


Cambrtdsc CoDcordaoM. 2t(. 
Cainbrldc« CnlTcnltr, 1S4. m. 
CampbeJl. Csrc. i. C. 
Campbell. Uent. (N. C). »0. S4. 
Cainptaca Col. Ajcfafbald. «1. 
CampbcU. labanw 117. 
Ckmpben. Oswald. O. 
CUBpbdL Bobert t4S. 
CampbclL SamocL 147. 
CaawteU. Ijoti Wunaa, 72. 2N. 

— rttliw oC T4. 
Campb^ «C Sktpoub. tu. 


Bntlall. Mn. Sarab. 1««. 

Byrd. Robert 144. 

Caddr. John. It. 

Cadfta. a RevohittonarT '^npanr. Ilk 

Cadla. ISI. 

Cain. MIckacL ISl 

Cain. WnilanL lit. 

Cak«brc«d. Mn. Anne. ICS. 

Canvtm. Cttpi. (X. C mlllUa}. »4. 

Canaday. vnuaa, IM. 

Caninore. Wlrolnfc tOmm oi S.«tlaad. 

Cantei^WT (Kno. ICT. the t«fd 

ArebMabop oC, ti. IT. M; PrenxaUra 

Court oC tlL 
Cknller- lamca. IM. 
Cape F^ar. IM. 
Carer. CatbertiM Aiute. SSC. 
Carer, laaac IH. 
Csr«F- Lada^ Kt. 
Ckrer- MarEaret EmRr. K4. 
rarer. Rev. OSlev. 2M. 
Cartle on Job (H rela.). tM. 
Carloaa. wmiam. It*. 
CanalrhacL Rlctaard. IM. 
CarMaa. 7. *S ai. 14 fl>. M. 2S. Ml 

1*. 24. 15 (2). U ri>. 17 a). 43. ft. 

4«. n (2). M. ». 52. M (1>. iS. H. 

IM. i<n. i«4. IM ri), IM. B«t« t: 
I«*. no«« 7: in. II). iMMe X*: lit. 
note tl: tn (1). KL IM (4>. IM <lj. 

i«7. in. i«T. tn. MS (!>. tn en. 

2TT (1) 2». !4I- 241. 241. IM. 3. 

Ol da i Ua on'a HImott ot tW. bMm I 
<!>. Il» n*rt* U: J. Arrfa '■>'• Oe 
•CTlptlon ot IM. Bote t. 
CorAllRa CeVee Hovm fIion4iM). IK. 

note 41: IM. *ai. lU. Mi 
-iroilna h(VTM>F fn 



CaroUna Ught JnimntTj, 114, note 27. 
Carolina Lojaliate (Britlab Rcgloient). 

Oarpenter Jobn (ncco aUTe?), 4. 

CaiT» Jamea, lit. 

OUTOll, B. R^ Hlalorlcal Coltoctlona ot 
Sonth Carolina by, lOf, note 6 (8); 
110, note IL 

Carter, Benjamin, 147. 

Carter, Oeorfe,' 147. 

Carter, James, of, Farrar'a coin- 
pany, Srd. Regt., 164. 

Carter, Jamea, of CiMl^t UddeU'a com- 
pany, Sd. KtgU, 156. 

Carter, John, 214. 

Caahalde CEkig.), 166. 

Caatle Plnckney (8. C), 62. 

Catelorue of Miniature Portraits, 
Landscapes, and Other Pieces. E2z- 
ecuted by Charles Fraaer, ISsq., 68, 
note 8. 

Cates, George, 146. 

Cattell, Benjamin, 66. 

Cattell, Mrs. Mary (McCall), 68, note 7. 

CaUell, William (M. 1746), 66. 

Cattell, William, son of above, 66. 

Cattell, William, descendant of above. 

Caves, John, 19. 

Cedar Run, battle of, 68. 

Census of the parishes of South Caro- 
lina in 1706, estimated by Rev. Sam- 
uel Thomas, 81-86. 

Chalmers, Uonel, 227. 

Chamberlain, Mr., 66. 

Chancery Lane (London), 8, 6, 6. 8, 11, 
72, 74. 126. 

Chancey, Ettmund, 162. 

Chaplin. Capt. Thomas. 69 (2). 

Chapman. Serfft. William, of Capt. 
Goodwyn's company. 8d. Regt., 149. 

Chapman, Private William, of same 
company, 160. 

"Charve of Ha^ood's Brigade, Weldon 
Railroad. August 21. 1864**. 124. 

Charles L. 289. 240, 246. 

Charleton. Lieut (N. C), 94. 

Charleston (formerly CJharles Town). 
68. note 8 (8) : 62, 68. 67. 122. 124. 144, 
note 6: 172. 176, 196. 196. 197. note 1: 
Charles Fraser's Reminigoanoes ot, 
68. note 8: Jews of. 61. Survivor's 
Agaoolation oC, 68; first mayor of, 
178. city hall of. 178. 198; board of 
school commlsalonera ot 196. por- 
tratt of President Monroe owned by, 
192-198. portrait of President Wash- 


fngUm owned by. 198; CoUe^e ot 62, 
§7, 196. IM. High School of. 198. 
Charieston Clnh, 196. 
Charieston County. Mesne Conveyance 
records ot 168. note 2; Probate 
Court records ot 111. note 17; 118. 
note 19; 182. note 89; 181, note 28; 
public records ot 109. note 6. 

CTharleston Courier, 171. note 7; 172, 
note 11; 268. note 22; The. 178. notes 
18 and 14; 188, note 26; 192. 262. 

(Charleston Harbor, 62. 

CTharleston Library Society, 119, 121. 
171. note 7: 196. 

Charleston. Louisville and Cincinnati 
Company. 178. 

Charleston Mominsr Post, and Daily 
Adv«*tiser. The. 170. note 6. 

(Charleston Orphan House. 196. 

Charles Town (became (Charleoton in 
1788). 4, 6. 6, 6. notes 28 and 24;. 8. 9, 
10 (2). 11. 28 (8), 81 (2). 84, 89. 40. 
44. 68. 64, 66 (Charleston). 69. 69. 72, 
76.76, note 29; 88. 86 (8), 97. 100 (5). 
101 (2). 102, 104, 106 (8), 108, 126. 126. 
note 34; 181, 182. note 89; 188. 189 (2). 
141. 168. 166, 189. 190. 191. 192, 20t. 
204. 214. 216. 218 (2). 220 (2). 222 (t). 
225. 226 (8), 242. 247. 248. 249. 261, 267. 
268 (8). 260 (2). 261. church yard dt 
164. attempts to "bottle up" harbor ot 
78-74, 77-78. 80. Henry Laurens writes 
of the healthfulness of in 1776. IS, 
and of the fruit crops of, 18, Pro- 
vincial Library at (1700), 111, pro- 
vision for fortifying (1706). 86, mfl- 
Itery spirit In, 1776. 118. 

(Hiarles Town Elar. 8. 

Charles Town Harbor, 12. 

Charles Town Gasette, The. 67, 121. 

Chamock, Capt. Wm... 17. 

Char ran. Bonelt. 226. 

C!hatham, Lord, 200. speech of, 201. 

CThavers, ESIsha, 46. 

Chavis, John, 164. 

Chavis. William, 154. 

Cherokee (man-of-war), 80. 140, 141. 

(^erokee Indians, 60. 79. 

Cherokee War. 267. 

(Thesnut, Hon. James. Jr., 171. 

Cheves, Hon. Lanirdon. 172. 

C?hevea, Langdon, grandson of above 2. 

Chicott M^.» 226. 226 (DemolsMa). 

Chicott and Brsuis, 226w 

Chief Justices of South Caroliiia, men* 
tioned. 60. 67. note 6 (Rutledge). 214. 
note 16 (Plnckney). 

Child. U'dlB, t4B. I 

Chlney. Mrs, Bllzabetta. 119. 1 

Cblawell, William, G9. 

Christ Churcb, Dorcoster (Eng.). 26&. I 
Cbriat Church Parish, 102, ISO (2). I 

Cliurcb. atate of Ihe. In South Caro- i 
Una Id ITOE, 2G. 36. 31-39. act In fa- 
vor of. 3i. affection of the goverii- 
RMnc of South Carolina for, 34. sala- 
ries of mtnleten of In South Caro- 
lina. Si. appropriations of South 
Carullna for, 33: Mar»ton"B remajkb 
aa to treatment of tnlolsters of tlie, 
49-nn: his opposition to, B4. 
Church Act of Bouth Caj-ollna. 1704, 

:<. : 

. 29. 1 

ITOS, !«. 

Church Street, now Meeting. 2 IS. 119, 
the present, 220. 

Cincinnati, the South Carolina Society 
of the. «S. 

Cltltenshlp. The Necessity of Raising 
the Standard of. and the RlRht of 
the General ABsembly to Impose 
quallflcatlons upon Slectors. 64-65. 

Cltjr GftMtte and Dally Advertiser. 

15«. ] 

> tt. 

aty Hall (o( Charleston). 
Chamber of, ITS. 
I Clrtl Service Reform. 64, 
Clare. Joseph, 100. 
OmtK James, 119. 
Oartt. John. 149, 
Clay, Joseph. TO. 81, 1&8. : 
Clement, Francis. 164, 
Clements. Thomas. 161. 
CletnentB Inn, 164. 

193, Council 


College of Justice. 140. 

Collections of the South Carol 

Historical Society, 109, noi 
Collector, The, 1S4, note 48. 
Colleton. Landgrave James, sometime 

Kovetnor of S. C. 108, 
Ctolleton County. 34, 103. 168. 180. note 

23. J 

Colleton County Regiment. 180. ^1 

Colley Vicarage. 104. ^U 

Collier, Isaac. 1B4. ^S 

Collins. , 19. ■ 

Collins, William, 222. 326. 

Cttlman, Robert. 16. IT. 

Colonel's Company. 2d. Regt.. S. C. 

Line, Continental Establishment, 

roll of, 19. 
Colorado, 17B, 
Coitus, John, 229, 
Columbia, 62, 63, 95, 184. note 27; 196. 

water supply of In 1820, 26S. 
CommlBsan-. or superintendent ol 

clergy, the Assembly of S, C. desire 

a, 27. 
Commissioners for the Speedy Settle- 
I ment of Public Accounts against S. 

C. 60, 117. 
Commons House of Assembly of 8, C™ 



nerburr Mortimer (Eteg.). 2E4. 
rierklngton (Scotland). 140. 141. 
Cleveland, President Qrover. 67. 

Clinton's Borough. Lord, 199. 

Clyatt. . 19. 

Coachman. Benjamin. 113. note 19. 

CMchman. John. Zl». 

C^tes Crescent (Bdinburgh), 241, 

Coataworlh. Mrs. Catherine, 101. 

Cobham (Surrey). 142, 

Cochran. Corporal. 9T. 

nichran. Ueut. Thomas, 59. 

Cwdtrane. ISI. 

CoJcock. Prof. C. J.. 1. 

Celcock. John. IIO. 

OM HarlKir, battle of, «l, 181. note 

) God's Sovereignty, 2tS. 
CoMnmi). Daniel. 167. 
Ctttfatfe or Charleston. 62, 6T, 19E, 196. 

I Compromise Act (18S2). 171, note 7. 

Complon. Capt.. 201. 
I Comptroller Generals of S. C. men- 
I Honed, 183 (Hayne). 
Conant. John. 167. 
Confederate States. 62. 
I Congress, the Continental, 16 (1). 111. 
IBl, flrst Provincial of S. C. 9, 10, 
11. 15. 2S7 (2), 280, second, 16. 73, 
I note 37; 190, Henry Laurens's coro- 
I menis on the meeting. 181. 
Connecticut, BB. 

I Connell, . 19. 

! Conner. James. 196. 
Connors. Nathaniel, 146. 
Constitution of 8. C. March 26, 1778. 

257, 260. 
Constitutional requirements (or voting 
In S, C, S4-6B. 

Continental Congress, 15 (2). 131, l«. 

Continental EntabUshment (army of 
I the United States). IB, 268, records 
' of the regiments of the South Caro- 
lina Line. IS-ZO, Sl-89, H4-180. 209- 
■ 317. 


^H Co 
^V Co 
^^ r.n 

Cooke. Ablera.i1. 120. 

Cooke, John, 106, lOT. 

Cooper, Lucretla, £42, 24T. 

Cooper River, S2, 33. 14, ISS, note 41: 

163. a church on the eELstem branch 

of, erected about 1T03, 3S. 
Cooper, Thomas, 117. 
Cooaaw iBland, 166. 
Coo 9BW hate hie. 66. 
Cope land, Reuben. IBS. 
Copeland, Capt. William, SB. 
Copland, Jacob, 16. 17. 
Coppln, John, 167. 
Corbett, Mr., 215. 

Corbett, Thomas (of Ixindon). IBS. 
Cord 69. Catharine, 131. 
Coniea. John, 119. 
Cordes. Samuel, 121. 
CorlpitB, 245. 
Cormack, Mary, 121. 
Cornhlll (plantation). 12S. 
CornwalllB (lecorder ot wills), 222. 
CosanK, John, ST. 
Coaalett. Justice Charles Mathews. 

126, : 

> 34. 

Coudene. John. 158. 
CoulBon CEng.). 108. 
Council, South Carolina (ProTlnclal), 

24. 27. 38, 30, 32, 34. 108, 110, 111, !2S. 
Council of Safety, o( South Carolina 

(revolutionary Bucoeaaor of above). 

71, 78 (3), 126, note 84 (2); 127, note 

34, 128, ISS (4), ISO (3), 101 (2), 2E7, 

C«urtenay, Hon. Wm. Aahmead. 17S, 

Courts martial. SS. 87-89. 

Court of Admiralty of South Carolina, 

Judg^a of, mentioned. 110. note 10 

Court o( KInrs Bench (Eng.), 1B8. 
Covington, Henry, 161. 
Cowen (Eng.). 3, 
Cox. Jane Watson. 119. 
Cox, NehemJah. 22iS (I). 
Cra^ock, Mr.. 224. 
Cralgencat. 246. 
Cralk Catherine, 241. 242. 
Crane. William, 147. 
Cranle. Barbara, 328. 
Craven, the Earl of. 108. 
Crawford, John, 86. 
Crawford. Thomas. 85. 
Creek Indians. 60, 61. 
Creek Nations. 60, 
Crim. William. 14>. 
Crippe, Mrt. Joanna, lOS. 


Crlpps. William, 108, 
Crisp. Edward, lOE, 106. 

Crockett. Mr., lOS. 106. 

Croft. Bdward, 219. 

Croft. Samuel, 154. 

Crokatt. Jamea, 21B, 

Cromartie. the Barl of, E 

Crooke's Guide, 226. 

Crosby. Hermlone, 187. 

Crosby, Robert, 104. 

Cross. Samuel, IBS. 

Crowley, Croker, 160. 

Crowther, Lieut. Isnac. 82 (S). 

Crowther, Jesse. 164. 

Crowther, Capt. John, 163. 

Crulkshank, Superior of Exclee, 24S. 

Culpepper, Benjamin, 155. 

CulroBB (Scotland), 238. 241 242 (2). 2< 

Cumbee, J. Jordan, IT. 

(Mm mine. Elizabeth, 13Z. 

fumming, Mrn. Janei (Govrin), 13 

Curling. Capt. Thomas. 7, g (8). 

Currle, Eliza Frederica, 266. 

Curi;le. Sir Frederick. 256. 

Currle, J., BBS, 

Cuntoms, Collectors, for Southern De- 
partment of North America, men- 
tioned, loa, note 6 (Randolph). 

Culhbert, Robert, 113, note 20. 

Ciithberl, Robert. Jr.. 113, note 20. 

Dalme Alley iChoiles To -n). 220. 

Dal-Tflckay, Bnrbarn. 240. 

Dalmackay, Blr John. 240. 241. 
Daniel, Jamea, 117. 

Darnley. the murder of. 237. 

Dart, Ferdlnando, 113, note 19. 

Dart, Mrs, Sarah. 113. note 19. 

Di:rtmoulh, Lord, 7. 

Daufuskle Island (S. C), SB. 
Davant, JameB. 59. 

David II., 229. 

Davidge, William Hartln. 186. 

Dsvidge. Alicia H., 186. 

Davids, Isaac. 59. 

Davidson. Crawford, 260. 

Davidson, Jane, 2B0. 

Davie. Major Allen J- 6B. 



Davie. Major (afterwards General). 

Wm, R., 65, 94 (then Uout.). 
Davie will case. 84. 
DaviB, capt, Amos, 60. 
Davis, Jerteraon, Rise and 'Fall ot the 

Confederate Government by. IBS, 

note 26, 

DavlB. Jeremiah. IIT, 1E6. 

Davis, John. 213. 

Davis, William, 163. 

DavlB, Col. Zimmerman, i. 

DaWBon, Capl. F, W., fii. 

DawHon. laaac. 163. 

DawHon. John, 162. 

de Brahm. Major J, Ferdinand S., 211. 

de Bratim, William Gerhard, SO, note 

"De Febre Mallsna. BUlosa Amerlcae". 

deSaussure & Son. 67. 
deSaussure. Ur., 119. 
deSauHsure. Daniel. 144. 159. 
deSauseure, Henry A., 6S. 
deSauBsure. Henry Alexander, Kfand- l 

■on of above, obituary sketch of. i 

e7-«. I 

deSauBBure. Chanretlor Henry W11- i 
Ham. 68. I 

deSauBsure. Jane. IIB. I 

deSauBsure. John Boon«, 88. 
deSausBure. L>ieut. i»uls, 82, 144. IGS. 
deSauBBure, Mrs. Martha (Qourdin), j 

67, es. 
deSauMure, Dr. p. Qourdin. 68. I 

deSauisure. Gen, wiimot G,. 67 (2>, | 
«t- I 

DeVeaux. Andrew, 218, I 

DeVeaux. Elisabeth, 121. 
DeVeaux, Jacob. 121. I 

Deal. Lieut.. Si. 
Dean. John, 147. 

Dean. Julia, 176. ■ 

Dean. 1 homaa, private Col. Maham's | 

C.l\ulry, 1,1. 
Dean, Thomas, private Capt. Smith's 

Comi.nny 3il, Rftirt., :47. 
Deane, Mary, 188. 
Drana. Mr., 74, 198, 199. 
Deans, Mrs.. 74, IBS. 
Declendenese. Matthew. ISO. 
Dedham (Eklg:,), 10. 
Il DeBK (recorder of wills), 22S. 
J Delaware, Port. 124. 196, 
1 Delta Lodge of Perfection, 67. ' 

I Democratic National Committee, 1888- 

I»72. 196. I 

Democratic National Convention of 

1R48. 196. 
DempBey. Thomas, 146. i 

Denbtgh.County, Wales. 167, | 

Denham CEng.). SO. 

Deputy Ad]uiant-General, Continen- 
tal Establishment, 59 (Hyme), | 
Deputy Paymaster-General, Contlnen- | 

(al EBtabliahment, 69 (Gervals). 
Deputy Quartermaster- General, Contt- 

nentaJ Bstabltshmenl. 69 (Drayton), ^1 
E>eputy Secretary of the Province oi^M 
B, C. 227 (Oldys). ■ 

Desborough, Dr. James, 162, ^ 

Des borough. Samuel, 161, 1B2. 
Description of th-at Fertile and Pleas- 
ant Province of Carolina, Archdale'a 
109. note 6. 
DeSglelsh, H., £42. 
Deupey, Mrs. Sara, loi. 
DevlB, Charlea, 145. 
Devon, County (Eng,), 104. 166, 187. 
Devil Tavern, 200. 
Dewees-B Island, 214. 
Dewley. Robert, 144. 
d'Hai-riette. Benjamin. 219 (3). 

Dickenson, John. 162. 

Digest of the Equity Reports o( the 

State of South Carolina. Blmonton 

and Conner's. 196. 
DlsBenlers (In South ..arolina), 3l'. 33 

(2>, 34, 36, 63, 54, 108, 109. note 6: 111. 

ministers of the, 36, 39. 
Dlato, Moses, 162. 
DiJton. Major (N. C), 90, 94. 
Documentary History of the Ameri- 
can Revolution (1776-1782), Qlbbes-a 

83, note 4. 
Dodd, Sergt., S6. 
Doggell, Lieut, Joel, 210, 
Doggett. Capt. Richard, 87 (2), 88, 91 

(twlce-once called Lieut.), 94. 210. 
Doghnrly, James, 1B4, 
Dohany. Peter. 117. 

Don caster (Bng. 
Donovan. Daniel, 21 



(S. C.l, 




Dorcoster (Eng,), 266. 
Douglas rwrller), L'30, 341 (2), 
Douglas. Archibald ("Beil-the-Cat"), 

231, 232, 
Douglas, Lady Janet, Conn tees 

Olammis, 232. 233. 
Douglas, Sir Robert. 231. 
DOTiglass. ThoTras. 156. 
Dougles. James. IBS. 
Downer. Moses. 14S. 
Donnes. Richard. 222. 
Downham Parle (Eng.). 222. 
Downing. Timothy, 16, 17. 19, 
D'Oyley. L'eut. Daniel, 211. 
Draper. James, 1E6, 
Drayton Capt. Glen. ». 





Drayton, John, son of Thomas, 113, 
note 19. 

Drayton, John, son of Willian> Henry, 
Memoirs of the American Revolu- 
tion by, 257, note 17. 

Drayton, Stephen, 59. 

Drayton, Thomas, 118, note 19. 

Drayton, William Henry, 78, 189, 190. 

Dreary, Eliza, 224. 

Driver, Henry, 150. 

Drummond, Isabel. 239. 

Drummond, Jeane, 288. 

Drummond, Sir William. 240, 241. 

Dry, Dorothy, 116, 248. 

Dry. William, 109. note 6. 

Dublin (Ireland), 165. 

Ducie (recorder of wills), 107. 

Duel, account of Henry Laurens's with 
John F. Grimke, 125-180, mention ct 
John Laurens's with Gen. Charles 
Lee, 130, note 88. 

Duellingr. bill to prevent, 64. 

Dumfermline (Scotland), 280, 289 (2), 
245, the abbot of. 280. 

Duncan, Frances, 171. 

Dunlap. Capt., 59. 

Dunlap, Robert, 158. 

Dunn, Rev. Mr.. 29, 97. 

Dunnidge, James, 164. 

Dupont, John, 119. 

Durham. Capt. Charles, 60. 

Durham, Capt. Charnal. 60. 

Duchess of Gordon, the, 5. 

Duvall, Ann, 103. 

Dyer, John, 156. 

Dyer, Thomas, 105. 

Easley. Lieut. John, 59. 

Bast Florida, 4.247, 248 (2). 260. 

East Indies. 227. 

Eaton, Major (N. c.). 90. 

Edens, John, 154. 

Edes (recorder of wills), 104. 

Edinburgh (Scot.), 229 (2), 234. 237, 288, 
240 (2). 242 (2), University of. 247. 
248, 251, the Cross of, 235. 

Edinburgh Castle, 288, 235. 248. 

Edings, BCIary, 169. 

Edisto Island, 119. 

Edisto River, 108. 166, fork of, 69.. 

Edmund Ironside, 289. 

Education (in South Carolina, of 
South CaroHnian»),9, 46, 61, 67, 70, 71, 
72. 76-76. 77, 106. Ill, 111, note 17; 112, 
note 19; 118, note 19; 122. 123. 186-188, 
172. 181, note 28; 196, 196, 197-198. SOO, 
827, 247, 248. 261 (2). 
Education, The Necessity of, as the 

Basis of Our Political System. 64. 

Education in South Carolina Prior to 
and During the Revolution. 66. 

Edward I., 229. 

Edward and Ftancis, the. 228. 

Edwards, Mr., 95, 96. 

Edwards, John, 78. 

Edwards, Lucy Ann. 227. 
Edwards, William, 161. 
Eggerton, James, 154. 
Eight Box Ballot Law. 66. 

Electors, qualifications of, 65. 

Elizabeth, Queen (Eng.). 286. 

Elkins, Johnson, 149, 

Elkins, William, 117. 

Ellesworth (EIng.), 161-2, 162. 

EUidge, William, 158. 

Elliott, Mr., 4. 

Elliott, Capt. Joseph, 86, 211, 212. 

Elliott (or Waring), Sarah, 116, note 

Ellis, EMd., 221. 

Ellis, EMward, 154. 

Elsas, Dr. B. A., 61. 

England, 11, note 26; 14. 80, 81. 86 (S). 
39, 49, 62, 66, 76, note 80; 77. 96, lOt 
(2). 109, note 6; 110. note 10; m 
note 84; 161, 168 (2), 164, 167, 2t6. 
226, 229, 281, 236, 246, 248, 249 H), 
261, Bank of, 112, note 19; 211 
Church of, 26. 26, 81-89, 49-60, Si 
South Carolina Gleanings in, 100-107, 
161-167, 218-228, Landgrave Morton 
bequeaths to poor ministers in, 221, 
a Saxon King of, 289, West of, 86, 49. 

Eltskine, Lady Anne. 289. 

E^rskine, John, Lord, 246. 

Erskine C^>llege (S. C), McCrady's ad- 
dress at (1880), 64. 

E>rskine8, the, 246. 

Erving, James. 69. 

Erving, John, 69. 

Eton (Eng.), 266. 

Europe, 6, 72, 228. 

Evans, Capt., 69. 

ESvans, Abram, 148. 

Ehrans, Benjamin, 162. 

Ehrans, Lieut (George, 212. 

Evans, Hon. Josiah J., 171. 

Evana, Morris, 221. 

Evans, Rowland, 221. 

E?vening Post (London), 78, 199. 

E^rerlll, John, 162. 

Erverill, John, Jr., 162. 

ESverill. Mrs. Sarah, 162. 

Ervemdon. Nathaniel, 167. 

ETverson. Thomas, 227. 

I (Cbarleiton), Um, ST, note G 

I Oonncli (Qeorfla), 120. 

olltffe, Oxford, 2U. 

Iff). H«. 

ecorder of wills), 127. 

OBmltl, m (S). 

in, Kl. 

eMr, K, IT, IS. 

EUward, ISO. 

I (Eat.). *». TB. note :S IM. 

in (Scot.), 241. 

'. SamuH SO. 

B, BMiJamin, 151. 
!ta3^l (Ire.), Hi. 
». 108. 

Courts, Organization. Jurli- 

and Procedure. The, IBS. 
Harriett, 264. 
Uuy, lis. 
John, 6t. 
Lucetta E., 144, note B. 

COL, 221. 

Jobn, 107. 
», — 7-, 1> (Penlcke). 
», Hon. Bdward, 221. 
*, Jobn. la. IT, 1% 
1, Laird of Monkwood. 166. 
u Harriet, 2GG. 
Henry H., 164. 
Eatherlne Marraret, 164. 
LotI HouHHe, 164. 
X.), 2t>. 130, S3T, 24S, 24*, 141. 
rons and gentlemen of, 2SS. 
tamee. 149. 
lohn, lis. 
Michael, 141. 

Ilroent. S. C. Line, OonUnental 
lahment, SB, 21*. return of. 81, 

of, ST, ffuard raiter of, 211. 
fftment (GrevK'e), S. C. Volun- 

c. s. A., 81. es. 

Fourth, 219, 130. 
Tfcy, 246. 

ie. Ueut. William, t«, 91. M, 

Dm, ItO. 
Ick. Uent.. 11. 
ins, Christopher, 110. 
Saint Indeed, :2<. 
, John, 141. 
', William. 20, 
ohn, 164. 

Flint, William, 120. 

Flint, Elisabeth, 120. 

Flodden Field, battle of, 211, 219, 214. 

Florence, Mitchel, 119, 

Florida, S3, 242 (2), 148, KL 

Florida, Horrls. Kl, 

Florida Ransers, 261. 292. 

Flower. !%•, 146. 

F1o7d, Charlea, Gl. 

Foot (InfantTT), the B. C. r^cr.ent* 

(rerulare) of, mentioned, 16. 
Forreeters (mllllla company In Charles 

Town. 1TT6), the. 118, 
Fort, FulBom'a, 90 
Fort Delaware, 124, 116. 
Fort Howe. 192. 
Fort Jtdineon, 140, 141, 18). 
Fort Mclntoah, 241. 

Fort Moultrie. 86. 114, 216. Ill, 2G9, 
note 21; John Laurens'e London view 
of the battle of. 104.206. 
Fort Sumter. 81, 118. 
Foster, Henry, 169. 
Foster, Isaac, 100. 
Foster, Isaac, son of above. 191. 
Foster, Mrs. Barah, 101. 
Four Holes, 69. 
Fourth, Firth of. 210, 
Fowler, Maurice, 146. 
."^nton (SnK.). 192. 
B\>xworth, Samuel, 16C. 
France, 11. 40, 61, 116. V. 8, Minister 

to, 96 <Da,Tle). 
Frankland, Lady. 121. 
Frankland, Dowarer I^dy. ttt. 
Frankland. Rev. Mr.. tSS. 
Frankland. Frederick, 211, 
Frankland, Sir Thomaa. til. 
PYanUIn, Biaaum. 147. 
Frankum, Francis, 164. 
Fraser, Capt.. 11-11. 
Fraaer, Alexander <1T11-1T91>. 69. 61. 

FraMT, Alexander (1769-17B9), 61. 
Fraaer. Alexander <1761-1798), H. 89. 

coutt of Inquiry on, 111-114. 
Fraaer, Ann, dau. of John (-17H). 

69 (2>. 
Praaer. Ann. dau. of Alexander (1722- 

nsi). G8. 
Fraser. Charlea. 68, "Fraser Family 
Memoranda" by, 68-B8. RemlnlBcences 
of Charleaton by, 68. note 8; Caia- 
lopie of Miniature Portralte, land- 
scape and Other Plecee, Executed by. 
68. note i: blOKraphl<'al sketches of. 
SB, note 8. 
Fraser, EJHtabelh, 61. 



Fraser, Frederick, 58. 

Fraser, James, 68. 

Fraaer, John (-1764), 66. 

Fraser, John (1750-1786), 67. 

Fraser, Mrs. Judith (Warner), 56. note 

Fraser, Judith, dau. of John (-1754), 66 
Fraser, Judith, dau. of Alexander 

(1722-1791), 68. 
FYaser, Mrs. Mary (Grimke), 67, note 4. 
Fraser, Mary, 58. 
Fraser, Martha (1767-1769), 68. 
Fraser, Martha (1771-1771). 68. 
Fraser, Sabina, 68. 

Fraser, Susan, dau. of John (-1764), 66. 
Fraser, Susan, dau. of Alexander 

(1722-1791), 68. 
Fraser, William, 68. 
Fraser Family Memoranda, 66-68. 
Fredericksburg, battle of, 63. 
Free School, 111. 
Freeman, James, 16, 17. 
Freeman Joseph, 166. 
French Protestants, 82. 
Frierson, John, 120. 
FYost, EUen. 186. 
Frost, Capt. Robert, 60. 
Fryday Street (London), 161. 
Fulk, Henry, 167. 
Fulker. John, 152. 
Pulmer, John, 147. 
Fulsom's Fort, 60. 
Fultz. Capt. John, 69. 
Furman, Farish, 122. 
Furman, Dr. John H., 122. 
Furman. McDonald, obituary sketch of, 

Furman. Rev. Richard, D. D., 122. 
Fuser, L.t.-Col.. 261. 
Fusileers (militia company in Charles 

Town. 1775), the. 118. 
Oadsden, C^lhristopher, 202. 
Gadsden. Capt. Thomas, 86 (4), 211. 
OaiUard. Catherine, 249. 
GaiUard. Elizabeth, 121. 
Gaillard, John, 121. 
GtaLillard, Col. P. C. 68, 124. 
Gaines's Mill, battle of, 184. note 27. 
Gtelloway (Scot.). County. 66. 
Galloway, the E<arl of, 281. 
Oambal. Nathaniel, 69. 
Garden, Dr. Alexander, 208. 
Edwards, William^ 161. 
GarliM (Scot.), 281, 284. 
Garret, Jolin, 192. 
Ckirvin, Capt. John, 59. 
Gassett. Isaac, 148. 

Gaston, Robert, 156. 

Gazette, The City, & Dally Adver- 
tiser. 57. note 5; 259, note 24. 

Gazette, The City, and Commercial 
Daily Advertiser (successor of above), 
172. note 10. 

Gazette. The South -CJ^rolIna. 56, notes 
2 and 3; 75, note 29; 116. note 24; 
116, note 25 (2), 181, note 24; 247, 
notes 2 and 3; 248, note 6; 257. note» 
10. 12 and 18; Marriage Notices in, 
and Its Successors (Salley), 119. 181, 
note 24; 192. other marriage noticei 
from, 192. 

Gazette of the .State of South -Carolina, 
The (successor of above), 68, note 7; 

Gazette of South-Carolina, The State 
(successor of above), 60, 117, 170. 
note 5; 191. marriage notices from. 

Gazette, and Tlmothjr'g Daily Adrer- 
tiser, South -CTarolina State (succes- 
sor of above). 172. note 9. 

Gazette. The South-Carolina and Am- 
erican General, 11. note 26; 76, notes 
28 and 29; 80, note 82; 118, 118-19. 
126, 127, note 84; 204. 269, note 28; 

Gazette, The Royal (successor of 
above), 69.' 

Gazette; And CJOuntry Journal. The 
South-Carolina. 11 note 25; 76. note 
29; Marriage Notices in. and in The 
Charlestown Gazette (Salley). 121. 

Gazette. The Charlestown (successor of 
above). 57, 121. 

Gazette, and Public Advertiser. The 
South- Caarolina. 179. note 20. 

Gienealogry. South Carolina. 67. 68. 

General Assembly of S. C, Provincial. 
9. 26. 27. 82 (2), 84, 49. State. 16. 62. 
66, 117. 180, 196, 267. 258. note 21: 
centennial of its meeting at Colum- 
bia. 128. 

General Committee (of South Oaro- 
lina). 1774-1776, 11, 71. 79, 80. 

General Hospital (of Revolution), 214. 

Geneve, 68. 71. 

Georgre. Catherine, 120. 

Geor^retown (S. C), 124. 

Georgia. 8. 5. 60. 61 (2), 69, 70, 81. 88, 
86. 122. 188. 191, 192, 262. Loyalist 
militia of. 61. Lincoln's invasion of, 

(Georgia ship, the, 186, note 48. 

Georgians, 79, 80. 

Germany, 6T. 2SB- 

Oerrala, Jobn L«w1s. a». 129. 130. 

Glbl>«». John, 2!7. 

Glbbes, Dr. R. W., dB. note S; Docu- 
mentary History o( the American 
Revolution [1T76-1782) br. S3, note 

Gibbon, Jane. I6T. 

Gibbon. Mrs. Martha, 16T. 

GIbaon. . IB. 

GlbaoD. Daniel, Ut. 

Olbaon. Rob«rt, 146. 

Olbse&n, Mra. Majy i,Oovan), I3i. 

Glcken, John, Its. 

Glcnllllat, John Francis de, 22$, 226. 

Gilben. Uoody. 224. 



Glllen, John. 146, 
GUIeaple, Jajxifs. 147. 
GInkina, Jamea, ISO. 

Girardeau. , 179. 

out. Gen. MorJec«i, EB. c 




Richard Multrare, zai. 2S3. 

Olanunis, Janet (Douglaa), Counteat 
ot. 232. 233. 

Qlammia, Lord, son of the above cou- 
ple. 233. 

Glammla Castle, 231-232. 

Glaagow. 23S <2). 242. 

Glace. John. IIT. 

Glacier (recorder of willa). 227. 

Glebe lands. 35, 36. 

Qlemsford (Bng.), 30. 

GlencrosB, Cane, 104. 

Olencrosa. Wllllsm, 104. 

Gloucestershire. 100, 264. 

Glover. Ella, 196. 

Glover. Hon, Thomas Worth, 196. 

Glyn County (Ga,), 120. 

Ooar, Samuel. 146. 

Godfrey. Wmtnm. 152. 

Godolphln, liOrd. BS, 

Gollghtly, Culcheth. abstract of will o(. 

Oollshtly. Dorothy, ;;7. 

Gollghtly. Francis. 22T. 

Gollffhtlr. Mra. Mary. 227. 

Oolishtly. Mary. 227- 

Gooden. Miles, 1G3. 

Goodwin. Cherle*. 120, 

Goodwin, Richard, 18, 17 (Ooodln). IB. 

Qoodwyn. Britton, 166. 

Goodnyn. John, private In Capt. Uriah 
Goodwyn'a company, Sd, Begt.. 142. 

Qoodwrn. John, lieutenant in CapL 
Jos. Warley's company. 3rd, Regt. 
(possibly the same as above), 169. 

Goodw>-n, Capt. Uriah. 82, 91, 94, 212. 
pay-roll of company of, 14»-16l. 16ii, 

Goose Creek. 23, ^b. 23. 9G, 119, 120. 
parish ot (St. James's), 31, 32, 98. 
Ill, note 13; 113, note 19; 2i». note 
24; first church at. 32. slaves In par- 
ish of (1706). 32. 

Gordon, CapL. ISO. ^^ 

Gordon, Benjamin, 150. ^H 

Gordon. Rev. Patrick, 55. ^M 

(iore, Ashford, 147. ^J 

Gosling. George, 151. 

Gough, James, 146. 

Gourd In, Henry. 263. 

Gourdin, James Moultrie, IGI. 

Gourdln, Peter. 229, 263. 

Gourdin. Wm. Moultrie, 2GS. 

Gousmald, Henry, 14E. 

Govan, Andrew. 132, note 39. 

Governors ot tiouth Carolina, mention- 
ed. 24 (3), 25, 2T. 2B, 30. 31, 33 (3), 34. 
44. 49 (Sir N. Johnson). 64 (Hamp- 
ton), 98 (Tynte), 106-107 (R. John- 
Bon). 108 (Morton, Kyrle. West. Col- 
leton), 10». note 6: 110 (Blake), lU 
(Moore). 123. 125, 132. note 42; I'l 
(Allaton). 173. 179. not* 18 (Hayne): 
J83 (F. W. Pickens), 233 (Nicholson), 
224 (Moore). 242. 268 (Houltrle). 

Gowdey. Blliabelh, 120. 

Gowde)-. WlUam, 120. 

Gower, Mrs, Elizabeth, 227. 

Gradwell. James, abstract of will of. 

1. Thorn 

, 18; 

'. under Proprle- 

Grnnge. the Laird of. 234. 236. 
Grange. Klrkcaldle. 243. 
Grange Myhee, 238. 

il. Mr. 


ivllle County. 106. lOS. 1S4. 
Graves, John Bonon, 120. 
Gray. Capt. Andrew. 60. 
Gray. James. 238, 
Gray, Capt. Peter. 2ia. 
Gravbill. Henry. 69 (!). 60, 
Great Britain. 74. 106, 107 (2), 1S8. J« 

Great St. Marie's Parish (Eng.). 162. 
Green. - — -. 19, 
Green. Daniel. 16. 17. 19. 
Green. Paul. 156. 
Green. Thomas, 167, 

QreenUnd. Hra., ISO. i 

ar«ens, the (mllltt& company of Charlea 

Town, 1T7B), 118. 
Ore«nvlU« MlllUry Inatltute, 121. I 

Qreenwich, school at, ItG, note 4S. { 

Oreenwood. William, t2i, j 

QfMgg, Col. (afterward! Oen.) Haxcy, ' 

as, Teglireni of, ei, brigade of, 61. 184 

Jiate 27 
Gregory Henry 167. 
Orenadlera, Ihe (mllltla company of I 

Charles Town, 17TB), 118. | 

Hamilton, HIaa. 11». 

Hamilton, Ueut. <and Adjutant) John. 

B.0, B4. 
Hairlet Carter, 147. 
Hammond, Col. LeRoy, U, (1. 
Hampton, Capt. Henry. 87, tlO, )1L 
Hampion, Oen. Wade tlS18-180£), 11. 


1, 117. 


. 16!. 

Orltlfn, Gideon, IBS. 
Griffin, HorKan. ISS. 
Grimball, Charlei. 11*. 
Orlmball, Paul. 108. 
Orimball, Sarah, lie. 
Orlmke, Eniia. GT (S). 
Grlmke. Bllae Rutled^e, iG4. 
Orimke, Frederick. ST. 
Grlmke, John Faueheraud, 7G. 

of Henry Laurena'a duel with, US- 

Orlmke, John Paul, TE, note 18: 121, 

note S4: 117. 118. 
Grlmke, Mary, B7 (S). 
Grlmke, Ura. Martha ESmtna (William- 

•on), 67. 
Grind lay, Hra. Cbrlatlan (Oovan), 1S2, 

note IS. 
Orlndlay, John, liS. note 89. 
Groomn, Gilbert, 1G4. 
Gruver, Sarst., 87. 
Ouemrd. Joaeph. lil. 
Ouerard, Martha, 262. 
Guild Hall. 1»». 
Ounn, Capt.. 7 (>). 
Gunpowder 71. 80-81. 180. 
Owyn. John, 100, 
Habersham, Mr.. 70. 81. 
Hachlea. Fred.. 146. 

Haddocka, laaec, 146. 
Haddrell'i Point. 141, tE8. 

Hagarthy, , 19. 

Kagooa. Oen. JahnHon, 186. brigade of. 

114. poem on a charge of the brigade 

of, 124. 
Hals. John Jamea. recetvea pay for 

himaeir, and a« executor of Major 

Samuel Wlae. who waa killed Oct. f. 

1778. 168, 16>. 
Hall, Ellaa. 110. 
Hall, Georse Abbott, 110, letter of to 

Major laaac Harleaton, 216. 
Ham, Polly. 110. 
Hamllttm, the Duke and Dacheaa of, I 

141. I 

Square (London), 111. 
Hanson. William, 16, 17. 1». 
Hardaway. Joel, 147. 
Hardick, William, 146. 
Harford. Capt.. It. 
Harsrave, Mr., 188. 
Harleaton. Mr.. 112. 
Harleaton, Edward, 2S0. 
Harleaton. Hannah Child, 161. 
Harleaton. Major Isaac. SS, note 4: IT, 

88. 88 (8), 211. regimental ordara by, II 

Col. C. C. Flnckney'B letter* to, 1*0. 

214-21G, 216-217, Georare Abbott Hall'i 

letter to. 216. 
Harleaton. William. IGt. 
Harper. Joe lab, 167. 
Harper, Wllklne, 160. 
Harper, William, 17. 
Harredon, EMward, 164. 
Harredon, Henrietta, 164. 
Harris, Col, iGa.) SGS. 
Harris, Dreury 1&5. 
Harris. Jeremiah, 117. 
Harris. Mre. Mary (Hart), 100. 
Harris. Peter. 162. 
Harris, Sidney. 100. 
Harris, Thomas, lie. 
Harrison, Carolina. ISS, nota 18. 
Harrison, Oeorge. l^fi. 
Harrison. Rev. James, 118, note It, 
Harrison, Mrs. James, lit, note It. 
Hart, Charles. 100, 101, lOt. 
Hari, Georse, 1G4. 
Hartley. Dr. Jamea, 120. 
Harvey. Ann, 67. 


!, 162. 

Haselt. Rev. Thomas, 87. 

Hasklns, John, 1G0. 

Haalam. William, 144. 

Haatlngs, the battle of. 230. 

Havelock. 2G0. 

Hawthornden (Scot.). 240, 141. 

Hayes. John. IBl. 

Hayne Abraham (171.-172.), 160. 

Hayne. Abraham (17S2-1T8,), 1<> (»■ 

Hayne Abraham, son of above. ITO. 

Hayna. Abraham aTlO-lTI.) 170. 

Hayne. Abraham (1801-18..) m, 

Hayne. Adela I., 1ST. 

Hayne, Avnaa M.. IT*. 

INDEX. 277 

Hame. AJeiaader 8.. 181 

Hdro«. Isaac (17I4-17S1). ItS. note I^ 

H«rne. Alice. 170. 

1<», ISO. 

H»yn«. Allc. P. T., 186. 

Hayne. laaAc (17M-173». ISO. ^H 

Ham*. Alicia Traplpr, 1«5. H«, 

Hayne. taaac (1745-17S1). 110 U). Uti^l 

Hayne. Ann. 170. 

ab«tract of win ot 180-181, note U. ^H 

H«rne. Anna. P.. 179. 

Haync; iMac a70«-U01). ill (1). '^M 

Hayne. Anna S., I7S. 

Hayne. laaac (1802-1802). ISl. ^M 

Hayne, Arthur, 17«, 

Hayne. Isaac (18SS-I83S], 184. ^M 

Ham«. Arthur P. (17M-1SS7). IT9 (I>, 

Ha>ne. Isaac (183)>isa8). 184. 18S- ,^M 


Hayne. bmac (1870-1B39). 185. ^M 

Ha>-n«. Arthur P mlJ-IMS) !74 17* 

Hayne. laaac Joa^ph. I8i. ™ 

Hayne. Arthur P, a8«T-). 1TB. 

Hayne. laaac W. (1883-). 117. 

Hayne, Arthur P a»M-J, 111 

Hayne. Isaac William (ISOO-ISSO). 181. 

Hayne. Benjamin s.. ITS. 1T<. 

iaa-lS4, portrait of. 182. letter o[ to 

Hayne. Benjamin 3., imi vt atmva, 171. 

President Buchanan In re Fort Sum- 

Hayne. Brewton A.. 175, ITS 

!«r, 133. not. !». 

Hayne, BrewtoB A^ aoa ot above. ITS. 

Hayne. Jamea Adama, lis. 181. 

Hayne. Edmund (T] Shubrtck (ISiJ- 

Hayne, John (10., -1718), 108. 

!«•«. IS*, portrait of. tai. 

Hayne. John, ion of above, I«l. 109. 

Hayne. Bamund Shubrick (18S3-). liS, 

Hayne, John (17ia.t74a), 101. 

Hayne; EUward. 16S. 

Hayne, John (1748.1748), ISO. 

Bam*. Edward 8., ITi. 

Hayne, John H., III. 

Hayn*. EHlia F,. IBS. 

Hayne, John Parrot. 175. 

Hayne. ElUa P. (ITH-lgTS), 170, 173, 

Hayne John Poltevent. 187. 


Hayne. Joaeph. IW. 

Hayne. Ellia P. (IS:3-1M)). ITT. 

Hayne, Julia. 178. 177. 

Bayne. Btia W, lai. 

Hayne, LJllah A., IM. 

Hayne. Jfn. Blliabeth. t(8. note I. 

Hayna. Harsaret. US. IIO. 

Bayne. Bllzabeih. dau. &t Isaac iITtl- 

Hayne, Margaret P.. IT* 

t;»l). 110. 

Hayne. Mananna. IIT. 

Hayne. JCltiabeih. dan. of Inec (174S- 

Hayne. Martha. 101. 

1711). III. 

Hayne. Mrs. Mary (Deane). US. note i. 

ttiyne. Ellen F.. ISS. 

Hayne, Mary, dao, of laaac (IT14-tTSl). 

Hayne. EMn Mary. 1l>. IM. 


Hayne EtMly, 1ST. 

Hayne. Mary, first dan of Isaac (ITIS- 

Hayne; Prmncca. 17 J. 

1781), 181, 

Hayne. Prance* I., 1S7. 

Hayne, Mary, fonrth dau- of laaae 

Hayne. Francea McMahon, 187. 

(1745-1711). in. 

Bayne. FV«ncc* T.. ISO. 

Hayne. Mary, dan of William (17M- 

Hayne. Prancla Bourn. ITS 

1817). 170. 

Hayn* Francia D.. ITl. 

Hayne; Mary A.. ITO. 

Hayne. FtaatOa H.. Igl. 

Hayne. Mary A«nea. IIT. 

Hayne. PYankUn A. B,. IgJ. 

KayiM; JUry D.. US. 

Hayne. Ftanklln 8. (U3S-ISJ9). 1T7. 

HayiM; Hmtt B.. 114. 

Hayne. Franklin B. (or Branford flra- 

Bayne. Mary H.. third dan, of Wn>, 

brlck b. 11S8), IM. note a: IS*. HJ. 

Bdw. <1TT*-1841>. 1T7, 

Bayne. FVanklln 8. (1891-). IIT. 

Bayne. Mary O. SftD dan. of WO). 

Bd* (inO-UU). IT7. 

Hayne. Harrtet &. dai. '>f Wm. E. 

Hayne, Mary H.. dau, of Pranklln B. 

(17T0-IM)). 171. 

0««-). U7. 

, Bayne. Harriet B.. dau nt laaae Wm.. 

Hayne. Mary Shnbrtck. 180, 

114 (J). 

Hayne. Harriet B.. dau at Paal Tra- 

Hayne. Motia A., 170. 

ptn- ll>4<-). IIT. 

Hayne. Oetartua A.. ITT, 

Hayne. Henrlena C. IS5. 

Hayne. Paul Hamnton (l80S-tl)I). ITI. 

Bayne. Henry. 170. 


BayiM. Ranry P. IIS. 

Hayne. Paul najullum (lgM-18M), ITT 

Hayne. HaDOr« M.. 117. 


(I), 17t. portrait o*. 178. Urea itf 



Robert Touns Hayne and Hugh 

Swlnton IXar* b7. 1<>, note 4; ITS, 

note S; Complete Po«ina (blndar'* 

UUe) of. 1T». note IB. 
Hayne, Paul T., 187 (!). 
Hayne, Paul T.. son of above, 187. 
Hayne, Paul Trapler, 1S4. IBS, 
Hayne, Rabecca H., 183, ISB. 
Hayne. Richard T.. 181. 
Hayne, Robert T. (lTSl-181)), 170, ITl- 

17S, 17>, note Ig; portraJt of, 171, 

bust of, 171. 
Hayne, Robert T. (1S14-1841), 17S. 
Hayne, Robert T. (1B4S-18..), ITS. 
Hayne Robert T. (ittl-ltot). HE (I). 
Hayne. Robert T. {1BS9-1BB6). 17S. 
Hayne, Robert T. (1881-), 17B. 
Hayne, Robert Tounn. and HuBh S.vln- 

ton Legare, Llvee of, ISB, note 4; 172. 

Hayne. Sanib. dau. of William <17fie- 

1817), 170. 
Heme, Sarah, dau. of laaac (lT4t-17Sl). 

Hayne. Sarah Martha. 183. IBB. 
Hayne. Stephen Duncan. ITE, 176. 
Hayne, Stephen Duncan, son of above. 

Hayne, Susan B., 1T7. 
Hayne, Suaan Branford, ITO, 171. 
Hayne, .^uRannnh. ilii u of John (16..- 

ITIS). IBS, noU *: 169, 1T>. 
Hayne, Susannah, dau. of Wlllla-n 

(1730-17fi*l 1R9 C). 
Hayne, Theodora B., 186. 
Hayne. Theodore B.. 1B4. IBS. 
Hayne. Theodore B., eon of above. 186. 
Hayne. Theodore B., son of JameH 

Adams, 1S6. 
Hayne, William (17SO-17e4). 16S («. 
Hayne. Wlllfam (I76(-1817). 170 (I). 
Hayne, William A.. 170. 
Hayne. William A. B.. 175. 
mvne. William Alrtoo (ISIl-lMl). 

174 <J). 
Hayne, William Alston (1BE6-). 17G (». 
Hayne, William C. 178. 
Hayne, WDllam B. (lB!4-lBet), 177. 
Hayne, William E. (lSBI->. 184. 187. 
Hayne. William B., son of above.' 1S7. 
Hayne, William Ddmrd (1776-1841) 

177, 181 3) ISa. 
Hayne. William Hamilton. 1T>, portrait 

.of. 17S. 
Hayn? Family, genealogical aceouni of 

th?, 16S-1BB; coat-of-arms of the. 168 

note a. cut facing page IM. 
Haynea. Joaepb. 14S. 

Hate, James. 14 B. 

Hese. John, 14B. 

H^lehurst. Robert, 120. 

Haazard, Lieut. 'Wm.. SlI 

Heart of Oak, the, 6. 

Heathcole, Arthur Napier. 2G1. 

Heathcote. Baail, 261. 

Heathcote, Florence PouUnev, 251. 

Healhcote, fieorge Bruce Wadliam. JBO. 

Healhcote. Godfrey jVuHtln. .2,^0, 

Heathcote, Herbert Mi>uiLrie, 251. 

Heathcote, Noel Mary Oeorglana, III). 

Healhcote. Rose Mary. 260. 

Heathcote. Thomae Orange Jenkyns 

Healhcote. Thomae J.. 260. 
Heathcote. Walter George, 251. 
Heathcote. Wyndham Selfe. 261. 
Hedges. Sir Charles. 110. note 10. 
Hellman, F. B. 11. 7. 
Hellary. John. 14T. 
Henderson. Mr.. o( Westminster School. 

8. Its. 
Henderson. Tyre, 60. 
Henderson. L.t.-Col. WlUam. 17, 85 Si. 

:14. 21B. 
Hendrtcks. Timothy, 16B. note 2. 
Henlngton, Capt. John, pay-roll of 

company of, 1&6-1B7, 1GB. 160. 
Henry. Mr., IBS. 
Henry. Benager. 117. 
Henaon, Jeese, 1B7. 
Henaon. William, 148. 
Herbert. Thomas, 10? 
Herlndine. Thomas, 147. 
Heron. Frederick. 1R<. 
Hewat. Rev. Alexander. D. D.. S6. note 

1. History of South Carolina by, 66. 
Hezt. Capt. William. 60. 91 C^lcka"). 

•4. 211. 
Heyward. Mr.. ISS. 
Heyward, John, 111. 
Heyward, Nathaniel, lis. 
Hicks. Lt.-rol.. 6S. 
Highlanders dn British army). S2. 
Hlphtowpr Agnes. 110. 
Hill. Charles. 192, 
Hill. Daniel. 15J. 
Hill, Ellinbel)., 19E. 
Hillary. Hon. Cfarlstopher. ItO. 
Hilton Head, GS. 
Hinds, Anthony, 16, 17. 
Hindi. John, 16. 17. 
Hlnee, Robert, S7. 
HInson. William, IGt. 
Hl^-torlcal Niies. 6S-61, 117-111. ISI- 

193. 261-262. 
Blatorical Collections of South Caro- 

Una (CarroU). its. note < <S) ; lIO. 

HlMorica] Reglsier and Dlcttonary ot 
the UnJied States Army (F. B. Helt- 

HlBlory. South Carolina. «7. eg. 

History of (he People ol th« L'oiied 
Stale* (John Bach UcMaaier), «S. | 

History ot South Carolina under the 
PTO[Mletary Governnienl, The (Mc- ' 
Crady). ts, 108. note S: 110, note •: , 
111. notex IS and 17. , 

Blaiory of South Carolina under the 
Roy*] Oovemmeni. The {UcCrady). 

History ot South Caraltna in ihe Revo- 
lution. IT7B-17gO. The (McCrady), 
•6. 71, note 28: ISO, no e 22. ' 

Hlalorr ot South Carolina In th ' 
Revolution. )TM-I7S3. The (McCrady). , 
•6. 181. note za. 

History ot South arol nu. Sketch of 
th» (Riven). lOS. not* E. 

)n. RichTTond Pearson 78 note JS. 

^jBodces. Hon. John. ZZ (2). 

~" " ■' ■- Mary iButtalt), 1«7. 

I, NalhsnieL IflT. 
_j, JameB. I5». , 

AflBWDod. Henry. MT. 

Holbom (London). 101. 227 ' 

Holland. 119. Z25, consul or to S. C. 120 

Holley. Benjamin. 11>5, ' 

Holloway Taylor. IBB. 

Holmes, isasc. 219. 

Holrrood Palace, 229. 

Hood. .Vathanlel. 152. | 

Hood. Robert. 151. 

Hoole. Edward. 1E3. I 

Hope. Georse HO. ! 

Hoidilna. Capt. David. 82 (2). pay-roll 

of company of, 14S-147, 158. 1S9. 100. | 
Hopkins. Uary. IHl. 
Hoplon. Sarah. 120. 
Hoplon. William. 120. 219. 
Horn. Samuel. K, 17. 19. 

Horne. Sir John, 240. 

Rorner. Thotnaa. 145. 

Horry. Jona.h, 121. 

Horry. L.t.-Col, Peter. 216. 

Horse Shoe (plantation), 22T, 

Horton. Capt.. S9, 

House ot Repreientftllves of S C eS. 
Ill, J9S, S&». 2C0 assistant clerk ot 
IVS (8<monIon), speakers nf. 172 
(B*yne), 195 (Slmonion), 

Hoiwellshter. Michael, 14B, 

BDwmrd. Agnes. ITS. I 



Howe. Port, 282. 

Howe. (^n. tiord. 281. 

Rowe. <^n. Robert, 86. 

Howell. Mr., of Winaon Green Schi 
70. 71. 

Howell. Prancls. 151. 

Howes. Capt. Job. 9S. 

Hudson, Capt. Thomas. 60. 

Huger. Qen. Isaac. 9t. 

Hushes. E>lward 153. 

Hughes. Pryce. abstract of will of, 

Hughes, Valentine. IZI. 222. 

Hushes, Capt. William. «0. 

Huguenot Church (Charles Town). UG. 

Huguenot Society ot South Carolina. 68 

Huguenots, 6. note 23; 67, 

Hume. Robert of E»g., 1G4. 

Hume. Robert, ot S. c. 163, 164. 

Hume Mrs. Sophia (Wigtngton). 163, 

Homphreys. Rev, David. 223, 

Humphreys John 146. 

Hunt. John. 152. 

Hunter. Capt. David 60. 

Hunter. John. 146. 

Hunter. R M. T., biography Ot J. C. 
Calhoun by. 381. 

Huisey. Wtlllani, 218. 

Huaten Catharine 120. 

Hutcheson. Archibald. 106. IDT. 

Hutchinson, (Jovernor. 200. 

Hutchinson, John, 102. 

Hutson. Elizabeth. 181. 

Hutsoti. Joshua, 117. 

Hutson. Samuel. 157. 

Hutto. Henry. 1B2. 

Hyde. — -. 102, 

Hyde Mrs. Blliabeth Wlgfall (May- 
bank), 102. lOS. 
Hyde, ■William, lOS. 

.. 52, 

Hyme, Burreil. : 

Hyrne '"apt. (subsequently Major) Ed- 
mund. 39. 8< (2). 215, lis. 

Hyme. Henry, 166. 

Independent Infantry, Capt. John Bow- 
ie's G9. 

Independents (Dtsaenters). 38. 

India, the Council of. !5«. 

Indians. 22. 23. 37. 40. 41. 41, 41. 44. 4K. 
47 56. 60. 81. 79, 262. Imitate Jewish 

280 IND 

Ingraham, Juliet Hall. ioZ. i 

Insrabam. Capt Nathaniel. 252. 

Inlow. John. 146. I 

InnlB. Capt.. 18, IS. 129. 

Iowa Society, Sons of (he American ! 
Revolution, 2G2. 

Iowa State HlatorEcal Department, 162. ' 

Irby. Lieut., »4. I 

iKlBQd. 31. U, 106, lOT, 2(0. Moutnys | 
of. t«e. I 

Irish Volunteers. 62. 

Irvine. Marianna, 166. I 

UaacB. John. leT. I 

Isle of Uay. 241. | 

lale of PKlniB, 206. note 5. , 

iHllnBlon (E^r). 104. 

Ivechurcb (Eng.), 167. I 

Izard. Mr., 129, ISO. < 

Isard, Hre. Mary, abstract of will j 
(1688) Of, 220. I 

Isard, Ralph (16..-17U). HO. ' 

Isard. Ralph (1T42-1B04). 8. 81. 207. 20S. i 

Jacluon, Abraham. 167. , 

Jackaon, Ambrose, tS5. ' 

Jacluon, Andrew. I'D, note 6: 171. 

Jackson. Ura. Dorcaa, lOT. 

Jackson. John, prlvaie Capt. Blake's 
■company 2d, Regt.. IG. 17 

Jackson, John, prlva-e rapt. F. War- 
ley's COtnpany 3d. Regt.. 146. 

Jackson, Miles. 1G3. ' 

"Jackson bo rough AisemblT", US. 

Jacobites, i 63. G4. 

James, John, 101. 

James, Joseph, 16T. ; 

James, Thomas. 101. 

James. William. 1E6. 

James I. (E^ik.), 248, i 

Jarres n. (Eng.), 61, 62. ' 

James HI. (Scot.). 2S0. I 

James rv. (Scot.). 233. 

James V. (Scot.), 282. 

Japanese. 73, note 26. 

Jasper, Sergt. William. 2GB, note 11. 

Jefrera. Allen. ISG. 

jettara. Berry, IGG. 

Jaffera, Osbom. 166. 

Jenkins, Reason. 14>. 

Jenkins. William. 17. 

Jennings, Capt., IS. 

Jarrey. Theodora D.. 1. lU. 

Jeaa. Martha, 104. 

J«wlsh caramonles imttetad br Indiana, 

J«wi or Charleaton, burial grounds o£ 

John. ESsael. IIS. 
John's Island, •>. 
Johnaon. Col. (N. C. I.oyallara). ai (t). 

Johnson, Dr., 24 S. 

Johnaon, Abraham, 157. 

Johnson, Benjamin, 161. 

Johnson. Elijah, 166. 

Johnson, Fort. 140, 141. 18B. 

Johnson, Frederick. 16. IT. 

Johnson, Jamea. 2 IS. 

Johnaon, Jo.. 187. 

Johnson, Hev. John. D.D.. 1M.D., 1. 

Johnson. Margaret, 106 (1). 

Johnson. Mary. 106 (1). 

Johnson. Matthew. 166. 

Johnson. Rt. Hon. Sir Nathaniel, 

Knight. Governor of South and North 

Carolina, H ti ^E, 27, 26. SO. 31, U 

(2). 34, 44. 40. 132. note 42. 
Johnson, Nathaniel. 105 (1), 106 (S). 
Johnson, Governor Robert, abatract at 

will of, 106-107. marble column to, 

106. mentioned, 213. 
Johnson. Robert, son of Above. 106 <4), 

106 (4), 107. 

Johnson. Thomas. 106 (1), 106 <>). 

Johnson^ William. 161. 

Johnston. Brltton. 163. 

Johnston. James. 160. 

Johnston. Q. M. Sergt. Robert. 144, 16». 

Johnston. Sergt. Samuel. St. 

Jones. Ueut. (N. C. mllltta). S4. 

Jones, capt. Edward, 60. 

Jones. Elijah. 149. 

Jones. James. 163. 

Jones, Lieut. John. IGl. 

Jones. John, private 3d. Regt. (1771). 

Jones, John (1712), 211. 221. 

Jones. Raymond, les. 

Jones. I.leut. Richard, 81. 

Jones. Richard, 147. 

Jones. Robert. 221. 

Jones. Thomas, J13. 

Jones ^'llllam, private Capt. Jos. War- 
ley's Co., !d. Regt,. 148. 

Jones. Wllllajn, private Capt. Oood- 
wyn's Co., Sd. Regt., 149. 

Jones, Wm Skipper, 18, 17 {Wm. P). 

Joyner, Joseph, H5. 

Judiciary Committee. S. C. H. of R.. 64, 

Judgea. of South Carolina. mantioMd, 

116, note 14 (Coaslett). 171 (RlchsrH- 

son), IM (Monro). 
Julian. Andrew, 168. 
Jupiter's (plantation). 111, note It. 
Kaullygan (Eng,), 2il. 
Kearsey PhinplG4. 
Keenenen, James, 166, 
Keller. Henry. 147. 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^i^H 

K*11«V. Samuel. 14S. 

Langford, Lleul. Daniel, 210. 211, llt^l 

KalMdl. Charles Roger, 248, 


KemJiler. Henry, 162. 

Langhorne. James P., 1T7. T^M 

Kendal. Rev. Mr.. 40, 4T-4S. 

Langhome. J& P., son of above. 1TI^^| 

Kendall, Mr., 198. 

Langhorne, Julia H.. 1T7. *^H 

Keanady, Robert, 14«. 

Langhorne. Margaretla H., 17T. ^^| 

Kennedy, Alexander, 231. 

Langhorne. Mary E., 1T7. '^H 

Kennedy. Elizabeth, 231. 

Langalde. battle of, 235. ^H 

Kennedy, L,leiit. James, 211. 

Languedoc. 235. ^^M 

Kennedy. William, pass of, 83-S4, 

Larlmore, Thomas, IIT, ^^M 

Kennett. Alderman (London). 198. 

Lason. Mr-. 164, ^M 

1 Kennlngton. Capt. John, 60. 

Lason. Mrs., 164. '^H 

1 Kent (Eag.}. 66. 167. 

LasBlter. Thaddeua. 146. '^H 

', Keowee, 7B. 

Laud, Archblnhop. 239, ^^1 

Kershaw, U.-Col. Eny, 61. 

Laumoy, Col., 94, 214. ■^M 

Kerahaw. Col. Joieph. B9 12), 

Laonderbrldge (Scot.), 281, -^l. 

Ketelbey. Landgrave Abel, 223 (2). 

Laurens. Hon. Henry. 90. UO, 249, let- 

Keielbey. Abel. Jr.. 223 (2), 

ters of to his son. John, 3-14. 69-81, 

Keielbey. Robert. 223, 

12S-U2. seals on the letters ot. 143, 

Klbbleaworth (plantation). lOt 

Georgia planlatlona of. 3, 4, 6. letter of 

Klddar. Blahop. 53. 

to Lt,-Col, Isaac Moite, 189. letter of 

Klllgorfc Henry. 161. 

to Capt, Ezeklel Polk. 189-190, letter 

Klllgore. James. 161, 

ot to Commltlee at Purrysburgh, 190- 

King. Mra. Anne, 103. 

191. John Laurens's letters to, 134-136 

King. John. 145, 

note 43; 197-30B. 

King William (Eng.), 51. 63, 63. 64. 

Laurens, Henry, Jr. ("Harry"), 4, 5. 7, 

KIngark. 346. 

13, 137, 138, 139, 197, 201, 207. 

KlnghiT, parish of, 232, 236, 242. 

Laurens, Henry R., 197, note 1, 

CJiurens, James, brother ot Hon. Henry, 

, Klnloch. James. 104. 

6. 8, n, note 25: TO, 81 129, 133, ISt, 

1 Klrkcaldle C'langtown"). 243. 244, 

noles 39 and 41; 137. 139, 207. 

1 Kirkcaldy. James, ot Grange. 234, 235, 

Laurens. Mrs, James, 8, 11. note 26: 70, 


81, 1ST. 139. 207. 

K'rkpalrlck. Jamea. 116. 

Laurens, Jamee ("Jemmy"), son of Hon, 

Kllhem-ood. 24S. 

Henry, 4, 6. 7, B, 70, 78, 198, 201, 207, 

Klendall. Luke. IT, 

account ot the death of, 138-lSB. 

Knap. Lieut. John. 162. 

Laurens. John, Hon, Henry Laurens's 

Knapton. Albln. 100. 

letters (o, 3-14, 69-81, 12B-142. letters 

Kndpton. Margaret, 100, 

of lo Hon. Henry Laurens. 197-108, 

Knighton. William, 157. 

blrthdas- of, T3. 129, marriage of, 206, 

Knollon, G.. IT. 

duel of with Gen. Charle? Lee, 130. 

Kolb. JoHlah. 16. 17. 

nole 38, 

Kollock. Charles W, M. D., 2. 

Laurens Mrs. John. 206. 203. 

Kyrlc- Sir Richard, Knight, Governor of 

Laurens. Marlhh CTdtty-), 5, 7, S. 11. 

S. C. 108. 

note 25: 13, 81, 129 139. 199. 307. 

Ladlnwah (plantation), 111, note IS. 

Laurens. Mary ("Polly"), S. 11. note 26; 

Udson. Etlxa. 120, 

13, 81. 120, 139, 307, 

Lamb. . 19. 

Laurena Collection (documents) of the 

Larapley, Thomas, IT. 

S. r. Hist. Soc,, mentioned. 90, 134, 

Unarkshlre (Scot.), 211, 

note 43; 142. 19T. note i. 

L&ncashtre (Eng.). 1G3. 

Lauson, Anthony. IBT. 

Uncaster. William. 119. 

I-a«, Archbishop. 239. 

Landgraves, mentioned. 108. 236 (lat. 

La«-, George, 239. 

Morton), 110 (2d, Morton), 22T (Bel-, Mar'a, 839. 

linger). 223 (Ketelbey). 

Un*. Benjamin. IBT. 

est In Ihe South, 68, 

Un*. EJdward. 166. 

Lanfords Channel (Charles Town Har 

lane. Louisa Rebecca. 62, 

bor), T3. T7. 80. 

L« Despenser (packet boat), 6, 74. 76, 

l£ Jau, Rev. Francis D, D.. 28, 97, 98 

Le Patle, Jean, 320. 
Leach, Joslab Granville. 111. note 17. 
Leaycrafl. Capt. John. 59. 
Lectures on Jurisdiction and Practice 
r United States t^ourts (Slmonlon), 

John Laurens's duel 

L>ee. Gen, Charle: 

I, 130, I 

e 3i. 

I Lee. John, US. 

Lee, Gen. Robert E.. surrender ot, 63. 

Lee County (Iowa), S62. 

Leeds (Ene.). 2SB, 

Defever. John, private 3d. Regt., 151. 

Lefever. John, private 2d. Regt,, 17. 

Legare, Hugh S.. 179. note 18; Paul H, 

Hayne's biosraphy of, iG9, note 4. 
LegendH and Lyrics (Hayne), 179. note 

Lesse. Sarah, 120. 
LeglBlatlve Council of S, C. 267. 
Legislature (See Gen"! Assembly) of S. 

C 1T2. 
Leigh. Sir Bgerton, 202. 203. 
Leigh. Lady. 202. 
Leith, 214. 

Lennox, Catharine Judith, 2fiD. 
Lennox. James, 260. 
L«slle, Andrew. 16G. 
Lesesne. Capt. Thomas, 17 )2), 
Levacher de 9t. Marie. Lleui, tafter- 

viardB Capt.). SS. 211. 
Lewis. Benjaitnln, I4S. 
Libraries (In S. C.) mentioned (See 

books). 26, 111, 226. 
Uddell, (.apt, Georse. pay-roll of co.-n- 

pany of, 155-156. 158, 160. 
Uddon (Eng.). 16T. 
Liege. J.. 226. 
Lieutenant Governor (of S. C) 221 

Light Infantry (inlllliB Co. of Charles 

Torfn. 1775), the. 118. 
Lincoln, Major-Gen. Ben].. 15. »2. 215, 
note 17: army of. 90. 91. Invasion of 
Georgia by. BBS. 
Ltnge. Joh.. 162, 
Lining. Capt. Charles, 86, 211, 
Lining, John. IBG. 
Llpencott. Jonathan. 146, 
LIppencatis, the (publishers). 179, note 

Lisbon, 191. 

100. 161 


Little HUBsell Street tLoniiouj 

Livingston, Mrs. Anne (.Ash), 
Livingston, Moses, U3. 
Livingston. William, 101. 
Lloyd (recorder ot wills). 162, 
Lloyd, James, 107. 
Lochleven. 231, 
Loch Leven, 246. 
Lock hart, Charles. 117. 
Logan, Col. George, 103, 
London, 3. 5. 6. 8. 11, 69, 72, 74, 78,-10^.' 

105, 109, note 6(2): 112. note IS; 11», 
113. note 20; 120. 126, 161 (!), 1» 
<2), 199. 218. 219, 222, 226 (2), 249. the 
Lord Bishop of. 21, 23, 24(2). 28, J7. 
31, 40, letter of the Lord. Bishop tn 
to the Lord Treasurer, 65. 

London (ship), the, 8, 

I»ng. John. 168, note 2. 

Long. William. 168 (miscalled). 

Long Island iS. C). 206. note 6. 

Long Island (N. T.), 206. 

Longacre: James B., Hayne portrait 
by, facing 172. 

Longworth, David. 268, 

Loocock. Aaron, 222. 

Looft. John, 163. 

Lords Proprietors, referred to, 27, lOS, 

Lorlmer, Rev. Charles. Sfl. 

Lothrop & Co,, D., 179, note 18. 

, Wlllli 

. 149. 

John, 146. 
Lowfleld. Mr.. 1B4. 
Lowdeld, Mrs., 184. 
Ludlam, Rev. Richard, HE. note a J. 
Lucaa's Battalion. C. S, A., 186. 
Lucknow, the etorming of. 260. 
Lyles, Capt. Aramanas. BO. 
Lynch. Mrs. Hannah (Motte), 267. 
Lynch. Hon. Thomas, 257. 
Lyon Office (Edinburgh), B40. 
Lyons. 226 (2). 
Lyons, John. 17, 19. 
Lytle. Lieut., 86. 
Lytle, Lt.-Col. (N. C), 94. 
Macnfre. Prancols. abstract of will of, 

Macaire, Imberl. 225. 
Macaire. Jacques. 225. 
Mace. — . 19. 
Machines of War. l,ord William Camp- 

bell-s, 74. 
Mackenile, Robert. Sr.. 11, note 26. 
Mackenzie, Mrs, Robert. Sr.. 11. note 

MatMlllfln Company. The. 65. 

Uadcap. Squire. 148. 

MadlBon (i1a.>. ei. 

UBKnolia Cemetery. 1€9, note S. 

Hacran, Nlcbolaa, 22 S. 

Mabanu Col. Bexekiah. reKlment at 

referred to, llT-118. 
HahoD. L.ord, IS 9, SOO. 
Ualn. John. isi. 
UalcoltD IIL (Scot.). 23). 
Halvllle. Jotui, 235. 
Uanaasas. aecond battle o(. S3. 
HanJgault, ICn.. 131. 
HunlEault, Mrs. Ann, 320 <2). 221. 
Uanlsault, Ana. 2S0. 
Uajiissult, Oabrlel 11704-1781). 6, 106. 

lOS. abstract (X will ot. 230-221 
UnnlsauU. Gebrlel. grandson of above, 

• <», 320(2), 224 (4). 
Uanfcault. Harriet. 111. 
HanlKauU, Henrietta, 330. 
Uanlsult. Joaeph, 131, 220(3). 321 (2). 
Uanlffault. Hon. Peter (1T81-1TIS), «, 

note 14; 119. 
Uann, Thomaa, tSS. 
Huinlns, William, t. T (2). 70, 81. 12S. 

119. 135, note 43; 136. note 43; 13T. 

138. 19S, 202. 204, iOC 12), 30T. 
Manning, Mrs. William. 14. 
Marlon. Ueul.-Col. Francis. 214. 2K. 

Uarkey. , 19. 

Marftlnch. the Moultrie estate or. 23*, 

230. 238, 239. 
MarlborouKh (recorder of wills), 164. 
Marques. Joseph . 87 (2), 86. 
Marr. John. EbrI of. 239. 34S, 246. 
Marriage Notices In The South-Caro< 

llna Gazette and Its Successor* (Sai- 


s 34^ 192. 

Maniaj!e Notices In The Bouth-Caro- 
llna GaaetiP: And Country Journal 
<ITaE-lT75) and In The Charlestown 
(Jasette (17T8-17S0). reviewed, 131. 

Harrlace notices In The State Gazette 
ofSouth-CsroUna. ITSe and IT88. US- 

Marshall. Rev. Hr., 4*. 53. 
pfaisbati, Mrs.. 49. 

Uanhall. Samuel. 162. 

Uaralon. Rev. Edvard, 28, 28 (3). 11. 19. 
4«, 4«. 48, 49. SO, Gl. 53. 53, S4, print- 
ed letter ot attacklnK R«v. Samnal 
Thomas, mentioned, 40. E4. 

Martin. Adam. 144. 

Uanin. Capt. EMwariJ, (9. 

MortlD. Edward H.. 1S8. 

Martin. Eaiaa. H.. 181. 

Martin. SoIm B., ISS. 

Martin. Lieut. George, (0. 

Martin. lMa« H., 18g. 

Martin, Dr. James. 168, 168. note 
(This note is a mistake, Halg beln^ 
executor for MaJ. Wise and 
Martin), 1G8. 

Martin. Gov. John (N. C). 7. 

Martin, Martin. 161. 

MBTtln. Richard. 118. 

Martin, Robert H., 188. 

Martin, Sally D„ 188. 

Martin, Vincent F.. 188. 

Martin, Wm, D., 188. 

Marlm, Gen. Wm. E,, 188. 

Mart^iiangel. Capt, 59. 

Martlnangel. Mrs.. 6S. 

Martland ot Lethlngton, 236. 

.Mary Qi.c^n of Scots. 234 (2), SS (1>, 

237 H): Lite of, 237. 
M.iiyiar.a campaign, the (1S61), 61. 
Capt. Richard, 112, letter 


\:aaoD, WtUlam (Ens.). 103. 

A' 11 ill 

n of a 

r, 103, 

Mason. William. A. M. (Charleston), 

Brt-.ooiroaater, 172. 
Maronry, 67. 

Maxton Hall (Bng.J, 264. 
Mfihl^wes. Mrs. Elliabeih. 242. S4T. 

MBlhens. r, 160. 

Mutlhew'B, James, abstract or will 3t. 


Matta, John Mar... 147. 
Malts. Michael, 160. 
Maule, Rev. Robert. 97. 
Maybank. Ann. 101-2. 102-1, 101. 
Haybank, David, abstract Of WlU (1711) 

of. 101-102. 
Maybank. David. marries Uartha 

Splatt (ITGG). 179. 
Haybank. Josepb. 101 (1). 101 (1). 
Maybanlc Mrs. Snsannab, 101. aJmtiact 

of wUI of, 102-163. 
Mayne. Mr., 104. 

Hayson. I.t.-CoJ. Jamea. 82. IGI, IG). 
Mayion. Ueut. Lake, 14<. 
Maxyck, Catharine Mftrian. 119. 
Uazypk. Capt. D«nlel. 111. 
M.isyck. Isaac, 120. 
Maiypk. Mary, 110, 
Mniyck. Stephen. 119. 
Maiyck, Lieut. Stephen. 111. 
McCabe, Patrick. 161. 
McCaflerty. John. 160. 
McCall. Anna. 171. 
McCalt, Elizabeth, in. 
McCall, Bext 171. 


HcC&ll, Hultia, 171. 
UcCaJl. UU7. E<. note I. 
UcCall, SUMUi B., ITl. 

M^^Cartey Alexsinder 150. 
McCaBktil. Flniay, 14*. 
McCarty, DennU, li>. 
UcCauley, Mrs., address Ot 101. 
llcCloud, Tartle, li4. 
McCoIlogh. William. 18, 17. 
McCollough, Hugh. HB. 
WcCool, Capt. John, 60. 
McCormnck, Charles. 1*S. 
UcCrady, Hon. BdTr&rd <1B0I-1BB2), St. 
KcCrady, G«n. Edward, LX^ D. (18>1- 
ISOS), I. S6I, obttuarjr aketch of, iS- 
M, reaolutlona of tb* S. C. Hist. Soc. 
cm death of, 86-67, steel engravlnK of, 
tiontlsplei-t, pamphlets ijy Si 3|, 
65 <1), The History of South Caro- 
lina, under ihe Proprietary Gorern- 
mant by. 85, lOK. note S; 110. noie 
9; 111, note* IS and ITi The Hla> 
tory of South Carolina under Uie 
Royal Governnieiii h> 85. The His- 
tory of South Carolina In the Revo- 
lutlon. 1773-1780. by, 66, 71, note 18; 
180, note !2; The HIatory of South 
Carolina In theBevolutton, 17I0-178J, 
by. 88, 181. note it. 
McCune, John, 160. 
UcDanlel, James, 1E6. 
McDowall, Thomas, 1S2. 
McDurrie, Hon. Oeorse, Altoton'a aketch 

of. ISS- 
HcBlhenny. X^Uy, 177. 
McEIlwee, James, 145. 
McOee, John, 148. 
UeOraw. Arthur. 149. 
McGraw, Peter, 148. 
Hcarawa, Solcmxin. IGS. 
lIcQrew. Feter. lEB. 
McQulre, Alexander, 149. 
UcOulre, Blljah, lEO. 
HcQuire, Ueut. Herrr, lEt, 16B. lEB. 
HcHafTey, Oliver, 89. 
HcmtoBh, Fort, 161. 
McH-er. Daniel 18, 17. 
UcKeegui wUl eaae, the, 64. 
HcKlnney. RoKer, 151. 
McKoy, Edward, 146. 
HcKoy, Malachl, 1G4. 
IdcLean, H., 17, 19. 
HcLeod. Andrew, 117. 
HcUaster, John Bach, 65. 
McMehen, John, IBS. 
UcHuUln, Patrick, 59. 
UcNell, Charles, tt. 

HcPhersoD, Duncan, 148. 
Meade, Rev, Wm. N, 118. 
Ueade, Mrs. Wm. N.. US, 114. 

Meadows, Jacob, 160. 
Medtalf, Thomas. 86. 
Meddlycot, Rev. Oaaory, 128. 
Medical College of tbe State of Sonth 

Carolina, 261, 
MeetiDg Street (CTiarles Tewn>, 11*. 

Meigler, Nlcbolaa, 167. 
Melbourne (Australia), S64. 
Melvll, the Earl of, its. 
Melville, Elizabeth, 181. 
Melville. Sir John, 111. 
Memoirs of ihe Ajneilcnn Revolution: 

Drayton's, SET, note IT; Houltrli'i, 

267, note £0; 258. 
ilepkln (plantHiion), 110. 
Meredith, David. £21. 
Mermaid (ahip). 3, 4, 6, 69. 
Merry, Rev FranclB. 116, note 21. 
Meane conveyante rectu'ds, Charlu- 

toti County 168, note J. 
.Mestlslquo iCreek Chief), 61. 
Philip, 120. 


, 104. 

Michel. Mary, 179. 

MIchle, James, 219. 

MIchle, Mra. Martha, 100. 

Middle Temple, 260, customs of tbe, 

Middleeex (Ens.), 104. 168, 211 <1). 
MIddleton, Hon. Arthur (1681-1717), 

111. Ill, note 19; 165, 166. 
MIddleton, Arthur (1142- 1787), 111, 

note 19; 111, 128. 
Middleton. Henrietta. 112, note 19. 
MIddleton. Henry <1717-1784). Ill, nott 

19; 118, note IS; 269, note 18. 
MIddleton, Henry (176.-1S11), lU, na» 

MIddleton, Heater, 111, note 19. 
MIddleton. John (17d-1TK4). 112. nolf 

19; lis, note 19. 
Middleton, Maria Henrietta, 111. 
MIddleton. Mary, dau. of Henry (1711- 

1784) 113. note 19, 
MIddleton, Wary, dau. of Thomas (17l»- 

I7«e> lis. note 19. 
Aliddleton, Hra. Sarah (Wllklnsm). 

wife of Hon. Arthur (1681-1787). Itl, 

166, abstract of will of, Ill-llS. noU 

Middleton. Mre. Sarah 'WllkiiiRoni. 

wife ot William <1710-17S6), 111, note 

19; lis, note IS. 

Middleton, Sarah, d; 
(1719-1786). 112, not 
Middlelon. Susnnnab, 
Mlddleton, Thomas 

of Thomas | 

Thomas (1T53-17B7). 

note IB; 113, note 19; 116, note 84. 
Mlddleton, William, subsoqueDtly Sli 

William (1743-1830). 112. note 19. 
Mlddleton, William (1744-1788). Ill, 

note 19. 
Mllea. Rev. gamuel, 224. 
MlleB, Sophia, GS, note 7. 
Mtlltary aplrlt In Charles Town, lii 


176, US- 

Mllltla of South CaroUi 

".hi. In Revolution, G9. fiO, SI. 93, 94. 
117-118, ISO, 190. aince Revolution, 
82. S4, 87. 173. 

Mlllechftnip. Rev. Timothy, 115, nott 

Miller Lieut.. 262. 

Miller. Abraham. 158. 

MUler, Jacob, IGG. 
Miller, John, 147. 

Miller. Col. John B.. 112. 

Ulller.'Susan, 122. 

UlUlsBn. Capl. Jacob, 313 (I). 

MIlllKui, John. 213. 

Ullls, Joseph, 147. 

Milner. Mumford. 220 (MUler). 

Mine Run. battle of, 83. 

Minor. Christopher. 114. note 22. 

MISBlonnrles to South Carolina from 
the Soc. for the PropaKatlon of the 
Gospel In ForelKH Parts. 36. 44, BG, 
98. 97. »S. 99; civilities shown by the 
people of S. C, 29. the Queen's boun- 

ty I 

. EG. 

MItcbell. (.'■ipt, James, 90, 94. 
Ultchei'. james, 218. 
ItolyTi-ix. Thomas, 163. 
«..ti,-k Edward, 101. 
Mo:^f^. Mr«. Joane, lOl. 
Koiiik's Corner. 120. 
Mo'i^ln. Jchn. Sr.. 59. 
Monsln. John , Jr.. SM 
Hnukwood, Laird of. £53. 

yonnle, Rtchard, 167. 
MAtiroe, President Jamee. 172. Charles- 
ton's portrait (Morse) of, 192 193 
Montgomery {Ens). 221. 

Montgimery. Capt.. 69. 
Mooi^y, Roderick. IT, 
Moure. Islah, IB 7. 
Moore. Hon. James, sometime 

or of S. C, SI. 110. 
Moore, Governor Jamei, s 

Moore. Mrs. James, 224. 
Moore, Capt. James. 80. 
Moore. Lieut. Jam«e, 60. 
Moor>', Morris, IGl. 
Mooie, Philip, 146. 
Moori' Thomas, 223. 
Morancy, Jeanne Honore, 
M'TOj', the Earl of, 238. 
Moreton (Eng,), 187. 

Mo-BHi , , 19. 

Morgan, Lewis, 321. 

lIorBi.n. Michael. 168. 

MonilnK. John, 162. 

Morris, Jane, 119. 

Monla. Thomaa, 147. 

Morr:F. William, IBl. 

l.Iorro-\. Matthew. 148. 

Morse, Prof S. F, B.. portrait of Pm- 

;,ieni Monioe by, 192-193. 
Morse's Keek (Va,). 83. 



Morton, ■ 

Morton, the earls of. 231, 236. 

Morton, Mrs. Ann, 110, note 7; 118, 113. 

note 30; 114. note 31; 2iT. 
Morton, Ann. 113. note 20; 114. 
Morton (or Blake), Deborah. 109, nott 

7; 110, 113 

I 20; 228. 

Morton, Mrs. Dorothy (Dry), 118. note 

25; 2<S. 
Morion, Mrs. Elinor, 109, notes 8 and 7; 

226-7. 237. 
Morton, Florence. 110, 114. 
Morton. John, eon of Ist. landgrave. 

io:i, note 7; 110. 110. note 7; US. 114, 

note 21; 226 (2). 227 (2), abstract ot 

win of. 113. note 20. 
\lorlon. John, son of !d. Landgrave. 

112, 111. note 19: 116-116, 343, 
Mjrton. Landgrave {1st.) Joseph. 

Governor of S. C, 108-109. 110, 111. 

note 17; in note SI; abstracts of will 

of, 109-110. note 7: 228-23T, account 

of the descendants of, 108-118. 
Monon, Landgrave (2d.) Joseph, son 

or i:bove. 104, 109. notes 8 and 7; llu. 

IIO-I.'I. 1)3. 113. note 20; 114, note 

1 of above. Ill, not* 


Uiirton, Hon Ijtvi Pknona. Itemmkn- 

iln J^eiaUns to tl 

t^unllr ot <L*ach>. 111. I 
Uorton. Jurs. Sixmb (WUkmaoaT). Ill, 

lit. cole i:. 

Morton Town <pl«aitKUoD). Ill, now 

Hotea. Jamea, IM. 
Ifotte, U.-CoL laaac, Bon. Henry Iao- 

rens'a letter to. ISS. 
Uotte. Jacob. 1G7. 
Mottet. Lewla, lit. note IR. 
Moultrie, vuriau.s apelltnca of tbe mune. 

»>. 141. 
HoultHe ide Hultrere). Adam, «». 

Moultrie. Adela, XBi. 
Idoultrle. Acatha. )GB. 
Moultrie (Moutray), AJeXftnder. son ot 

OeorKS (16i», nil. IIB. 
Moultrl*. Alexander, 6th. aon of Dr. 

John (1T01-17T1). tao. note tS. 
Houltrle, Alexander, Sih. son ot Di. 

John (ITDl-lTTl). :4t, 148, iSl. 1». 
Moultrie, Alexander (ITS4-ia..). 151. 

Houltrle. Alexander, non of above. tU. 
Moultrie. Amy PrMorick, tit. 
Motiltrle, Amy Jane Colerldce, IBS. 
Moultrie. Ann Fersuaon, >E>. 
Houltrle. Anna. 141. tU. 
Houltrle. Annaballa. IM, 
HouKrie. .Vrlliur Austin, 150 (!). 
Houltrle, Austin, iab. 
Hooltrie. Bar nurd. I5G. 
Moultrie. Cupi. Bligh. 264. 
Houltrle, Catherine. dUL ot Ca^t. John, 

Houltrle. Catherine, dau. of Dr. Wm. !•.. 

Moultrie, Catherine Ceclle Bameat. 

Houltrle. Cecilia, dau. ot Dr. John. 

Moultrie, Cecilia, dau. of ttav. 0«arg«t. 

Moultrie, Charlea. tS4. 
Moultrie. Constance Minnie. lfi<. 
Moultrie. Conatantia Haiieaiton. tU. 

Moultrie, Crawford Dandson. IGO. 
Moultrie, D^ SV Jut|.?ii. 259, 
Moultrie, -Mr' D'.rothy (Dry). 148. 
Moultrie. Edward, tE4. IGC 
Moultrie. Bdward Harieaton, UL 
Moultrie, Mn. Beanor {AusUo). Itl. 
" ~ r Auatln, »1. 

Moultrie, Eaeanor Catherine. IBl. 
Moaltrie, saeanor May, MS. 

Moultrie, eiiia Charlotte, SB» (1). 

Moultrie <Moutmy) Elizabeth, tn. 

Moultrie. Fendali Alexander, 356. 

Moultrie. Ferguson Rooe, ISG. 

Moultrie, t'ort, SS, 214. IIG, 11€, 111. 
note 11; John Laurens's view of bat- 
tle ot rq4-iOG. 

Houltrle (MUltrare). Mre. Cell* (He- 
lolae). 110. 

Moultrie (Uultray). OeotEe (1ST9>. tU. 

Houltrle (Moutray), Oeorse (b. 1«41). 

Moultrie. Rev. Oeorce, 148. 1G4. 
Moultrie, Major QeorKe AuaUn. 141, 

ISO (I). 
MUultrie. Oeorce WlUlani. 266, IBS. 
Moultrie, Rev. Oerard. 1G6 (1). aketcb 

of the Moullriee of Scotland by. ttt- 

Moultrie. Gerard FerKuson. E6E. 
Moultrie, Qnice. 2 SO. 
Moultrie. iJullelmu. zii. 
Moultrie, Harriet. !5t. 
Houltrle, Helen Gearsiana, 1S6. 
Uoultrte iboutray). Henr>-. tSB (t). 
Moultrie, Hugh Crawford. Z6<. 
Moultrie. Isabella. ;52. 
Moultrie, James (1(46), ISS. 
Moultrie, James (ISBS), eon of aborts 

Its. 141. 
Moultrie. James (1710). son or above, 

141 (1). 
Houltrle. James (173t>, son of above, 

Moultrie. Jamea (1741). son ot abor^ 

Moultrie, Jamea. son Ot Dr. John (ITSl- 

1771). 141, 147. note 4; 2tS. 259>3EO. 
Moultrie. James, son ot above. £tO. 
Moultrie. Dr. James, son of td. Di. 

John. 148. 149. ISl. laO. 
Houltrle, Dr. James, son of above. Ill 

<2>. sketch of the Houltriea ot a. C. 

by. 147-»0. 
Moultrie. James, son ot Dr. Wm. L.. 161. 
Moultrie. Jamea Edward. 169, 
Moultrie. Hra. Jane (Davldaon), 149. 
Moultrie. Jane. 160 (1). 
Moultrie (Moutray). Janet. 119. 
Moultrie (Multrare). John <14a9), aoa 

cf Richard, 230. 
Moulirle (Mullrare), John (UOO). son 

of Thomas, 231, 
Moullrl.:- MuHrare). John (1604). son 

of above, 131-114. ' 

Moultrie (Uullrore), JobQ « Mn), s. 

of above, 234-2S7, 
Moullrle, Cai>l. John (IJfiS), son ol 41 

James, 241. 
UoulLrie, John (1676), son of li 

JameB, S39-340. 
Moultr.e, John, son of i!d. James, 241. 

Moultrie. Dr. John (1702-1771), aon oi 

above, 21B. 241, 242 (2>. 247. 26V. 

260 (g). 
Moultrie. E>r. John, son of above. Itil. 

note 19: 116. 242, 247. 14g, I4>. 
Moultrie, John tn6t-lS23). non ol 

above. 248. 24S <4). 2G0. 
Moultrie. "Rev. John 117BB-1S74), 254, 

2S5. 2G6. 
Moultrie, John, eon of above. 265. 
Moultrie. Rev. John, son of Rev Oerard. 

Moultrie. John Alnslle, 25B, 
Moultrie. John Austin, 250. 
Moultrie. John Harieaton, 252. 
Moullrle (Multrare). Mrs. Katherlne. 

(Boa well). Z3l. 
lloullrle, KatherJne. dau. of 1st. Dr. 

John. 24T. note 4: 2(0. note 25 (Cath- 

Uoultrle. KalheHne, dau, of Hon. Alex- 

antfer. 2G1. 26D (Catherine). 
Houllrle, Katherine Judith. 251. 
Moultrie. Lawrence Gerard. IG5. 
Moultrie, Loulaa. 252. 
Moultrie, Mrs. Luoretla (Cooper), l«T. 

note 2; 2S0. note 28. 
Moullrle, Liucretla. dau, of 2d. Dr John, 

llo'ltrie, I.ucieilB, .su. of Gen. Wm . 

Moultrie, L-ucretla dau or William 

(I7SJ-17M). 2fi», 
Uoutlrie, Mabel Peele. 255. 
Moultrie. Mal-Karet. SS2. 
Moiillrie. Mai'garel Harrl-l 2B5 25.i. 
Houltrlr (Multrare), Marlola. 230, 
Moullrle. Martha, 252. 
Moultrie. Mary. 255. 
Moultrie. Mary Catherine, 250 (2). 
Moultrie. Mary Dunlop,, 255. 
Moultrie. Mary Loulaa, 252. 253, 
Moultrie (Multrare), Richard (1443). 

Moultrie (Multrare), Richard, son o( 
John (ISOO). 231 (2). suit of with the 

Bftrl of alammlB. tII-233. 
Moultrie (Multrare). Richart. 22*. 

Moultrie, Robert (1818). 288. 
Moultrie, Robert (1620), son of above. 

239 (2). 
Moultrie, Hoberi. son of lit. Jamea, 

Moultrie, Satah, dau. of 2d, Dr. John. 

113, note 19; 248. 
Moultrie. Sarah, dau. of Dr. Wm. L-. 

253. 253. 
Moultrie, Stewart Buller, 256, 
Mtoultrle (Multrare), Thomas (1478), 

Moultrie, Thomas (1740-1780), son of 

1st. Dr. John, 342, 218. 360. 
Moullrle, Thomas, son of 3d. Dr. John, 

f Rev. Oeom. 

Moultrie, Thomas, i 



(2). 243. 347, 2ST-3G8. 269, 2B0. note 
25: victory of. June 38, 1778 (then a 
colonel). 205; Memoirs of the Ameri- 
can Revolution by, 257. note 20; 258. 
Moullrle, William (17.'i2-i:9t) son of 
BDOve. 259 (2). 

Moullrle, William, son of above, 269. 

Moultrie, Capt. William, son of Rev. 
George, 364. 

Moultrie, Wm. Alnelle, 259. 
ullrie, Wm. Harieslon, 252, 

Moultrie, Dr. William Lennox, 361. 

Moultrie cout-of-arma, description of at 
Lyon Office. Edinburgh. 239-340, in 
Noblles Mlnores. 245-248. cut of, fac- 
ing 229. 

MouUrlen. MSS. of the, 242. 

Mount Pleasant (plantation). 106. 108, 

Mount Pleasant (town), 3GS. 

Moumnln of Ihe Lovers, TTie, 179, note 

Mountmorres, Lord, 199, 

Mourning:. John. 117. 

Mourning rings. 106, 113, note 19; 218, 

223, 224. 
Mtoutrny. Auketetl. 2te. 
Moutray Hill (Edinburgh). 339. 
Muherin, Charles. 147. 
Mulraon. Mr., 97. 
Mulrson. Mrs.. 97. 
MulcasCer. John. 154, 
Munro. Judge Roberi. 1)B. 
Munsell-s Sons, Joel, 119, 
Murphy, Capt. Daniel, fO. 
Murphy, Lt, Morris. 80. 

Humy, , ME. 

MurriLy, Blr John, 11G. 

lluak«t6eTs, Uw (mUltla oompMiy ot 

Cherlu Town, 1776), 111. 
Hyera, G«orRe. 149. 
My«ra, Jacob. 16J 
Myrlck. William, 16T. 
MyrUe, Da,vld, ISO. 
Nalme, Capt. Thonuu, 47. 221. 
Narcott ot Ba.ptlam, IK. 
Name, Peier, ESS. 
Naah, Elizabeth, ISO. 
Naah, Hannah, 180. 
Naah, Mary, 180. 
Naab, Mlcbaal, 87. 
Nash. Wllllun, 1T9. 
National Committee, D«moenUlc, 11(8- 

1878, ]98. 
National Convantlon. Democmtlc, ises, 

Neal, Lawta, IGS. 
NacroloiT. 82-8B, 12i-13*, 191-196. 
Negroaa. « (Carpenter Johni), I«, IS. 

IT. 41. 46, 47. S4, 6B, SI, 118. 123, 112. 

n-lUed, lu;;, loJ. iO£. 106-106, 112. noU 
19; 111. not^K 19 HHd ib 164. IS4-B, 
218, 211. 226. John Laurens discusaei. 
proposition to rr«e them, 205-206. 

N«ilaon, Kalab, 117. 

Nelaon. Admiral, life of, 241. 

Nalaon, John. 16S. 

Nelaon, Matthew, 186. 

Naufchatel (Sn-ltaerland). 191. 

"New Bath Uulde". 266. 

New Caatle <Enr), 61. 

New e:nKland. 39, i2i (t>. 

New Hope (plantation), 4. 

New Klbbl«aworth (plantation), 106. 

New London <8. C), 166. 

New Orleana, 117. 

New Trial and Appeal under the Cali- 
fornia Code (Hayne), 176. 

New Tork. 66, 119. 

New Tork (N. Y.), 66, 2GB. 

Newaom. LleuL, 11. 

Newapapera, 11. note 26: 61. notea; 67, 
noten: 68. note 7: 69, 60, 69, 70, 76, 78, 
79, 81. HE, note 24; 116, note 16; 117. 
lis. Ill, 111. 118. 1», note 17; 17U, 
note*: 171, note; 171, notea; 171, 
note; 179. note; ISl, note; 181. note, 
191, 191. I9B, 199. 101, 204, Bote; 147, 
notea; 24B, note: 267, notw; 168. 
note; 263, notea; 261, 111. 

Neyle, FhlUp, n4. 

Nlaurd, Thorn**, Ul; 

NletwlBon, CoL Francia, aoTiMtliiM 

Oovemor of Vlrsinl* and later of 
South Carolina, 24, ill. note 17; ab- 
■tract of wUI of, 121-114. manuacriDU 
of. til. 

Nlcholaon, Joseph, abatract of will ot 

Nlcholaon, John, ill, note 19; tl>. 
Nicholson, Hra. Mary, 111. 
Nlcholaon, Mary, 212. 
N'icholaon, Sajnuel, 121. 
Nipper James, IBO. 
Non- Importation and non -exportation 

resolutions, referred to, 10. 
Non-lntercourae tvsolutlona ot 8. C, 

Nornion. "William. 16. 17, 19. 

Normandy 230. 

North. Lord. 7, 11 (1). 71. 

North, Mary, 121. 

North, the, 114. note II. 

North America, the Surveyor- General 
ot the Southern Dlatrtot of, 80, nou 

Noith Carolina. 7, 110. note 10; 171, 
196, Kovemors of, 7 <Martln), 61 
(Davie), militia of In the Revola- 
tlon. 66, 91. 94, new levlea ot at Sto- 
no. SO. Continental brigade of. H, 

North Carolina Loyallata. 91. 

North Sea, 241. 

.North tons hi re, 61. 

Norwood. Daniel. 144. 

Norwood, alchard. 149. 

Norwood. Theophllue, lEE. 

Notcher, William. 149. 

NottH, Nathaniel, lEO. 

Xulllfloatlon. 171. 

Nurblssrylng, 229. 

Ciukes JameB. 7, 19. 

OsCiChee River 60. 

OkIIvIb Of Hurkle in Farfarahire, 241. 

Cgllvie. Charlea, 100. 

OKllvIe, Mr* Marr, 100. 

O'Hara, David, IBI. 

OldmUon, Jonathan, History ot Caro- 
lina by. 109, note 6 (2); 110, note 

Oldys, Joaeph. Deputy Sec. of 6. C-, 

Oliver, Jamea, 17. 

Oliver. Ramuel, 141. 

O'Neal, James. 17. 

O'lVeal. John. 161. 

O'Keall, Hon. John Balton, Bench and 
Bar of 8. C. by, 170, noU 6; 17L 

OruDKehurB County. Hlvtory at ITC 

ITSl <Sall«y>, je*. 
On-iiKeburKb (now OtADgtburg), 

Omiigeburgh Dlatrlcl, 18£, not« jg 
Orkner, the Aarlc ot £44. 
OiT. Dr., a 14. 
Orthopaedic BoBpltal 



Osborne. Frances, 16S. 

Oaivftid, Mr., 4, 7. 

Oswald, Urs., T. 

Oswald, EllMbeth, ISO. 

Over (BnK.>. 1«1, ihe poor o(, 182. 

Owen. AblKiUI, 16T. 

0*en, John. 100, 101. 

Owen, Richard. 221. 222. 

Owea. Samuel, IST. 

Owendaw (planiailon), 102. 

Owens. Caleb, 152. 

Owens. John, 14 S. 

Oxford UnlvarsHy. 266. 

Oxfordshire. 22B, 256. 

Pace, GeorKe, lig. 

Pain. James. 104. 

PaUtlnes of Cnrolina. mentioned, lUS 

Pall Mall, )00. 

Pamphleta (South CaroUiut}, menUon- 
ed. IT, 38. e4, 66. 

Paper money, ot S. C, 10. 

Papists, 62, 

Parham, Lieut.. 211. 

Parish. John, IB7. 

Parisheg. or South Carolina, 31-34. 

Parker. , IB. 

Parker. Jonathan. 153. 

Parker, Sir Peter, 206. 

Parker, Hon. Thomaa. 173, note li. 

Parliament of B. C. 10. 

Parltamentary Reslater. 17TB. 6», 

Parrott. Grace A.. 176. 

Partridge. William. 167. 

Paibarlth. 346. 

Patereon, Mrs, Jane, 104. 

Paul (recorder ot wills), 220. 

Paul. Matthew, 151. 

Paol. Wtlllam. 164. 

Par-bills of soldiers of the Revolu- 
tion. 6S-60. 144-160. 

Paybody, Benjamin. 147. 

P«rce. John. 14«. 

Pmtcc. Philip, 147. 

Ptarae'a Preparation tor Death, 22c. 

Peele. John, 164. 

Pennington, John, 14S. 

Pennvylvanla, 114. 

Pennjr, John. |<4. 


), 219- 

Peoples. William, 14S. 
People's National Bank, l«g. 
Pepin. Alexander. 126. 
Perkins, Atheal. 148. 
Perkins, Dempsey, 154. 
Perkins, George, 262. 
. Perkins. Jesse, 164. 
Perkins. John, 118. 
Perkins, Sally T,, 178 
Perkins, Wlllla, 164. 
Peronneau, Alexander. 31S (2). 
Peronneau. Ann, 21S (3j. 
Peronneau, Arthur, 170, note 
Peronneau, Arthur. 318, 319 ( 

Peronneau, Mrs. Elizabeth, 218 (2). 

2t» (S). 
Peronneau, Bllzabeth, dau. ot Henry. 

218 (S>. 
Peronneau. Bllaabeth, dau. o( Arthur, 

Peronneau, Henry, abstract of wlU ot, 

' Peronneau, Henry, Jr., 31B, 31B £4).^^ 
Peronneau. James, 218 (2), 218. ^H 

Peronneau, Robert, 218. 318. ^H 

Peronneau, S.. 219. ^^| 

Perry, Mlcajah, 218. ^9 

Perry. Richard, 223. 
Perth (Scot.). 288, 
PetdormlnK (Scot.), 330. 
Peterkln. John, 147. 
Peters, Mrs. Ann (Wilkinson). IIB. 

Peters, Solomon, IB*. 

Petigru, Hon. James L., 113, 134, All- 

Bton'H biography of, 114. 
Pelrle, Mrs., 133. 
Peine, Alexander. IJ2, note 41. 
Petrle. Bdmund, 133. 
Petrie, Ueut. George, 311, 
Petrle, John, 303. 
Pett (recorder of »-IIIb), 181. 168, 
Petty, Edward, 148, 
Petty, Capt Luke. 58, 
Philadelphia. 6«. note 8: TO (3), 120,111. 

19B, 197, note 1; 161, IBS, 
Philips. Thomas, 118. 
Phllp, Robert. 132. note 19. 
Phlpps. Mrs.. 223, _ 

Pickens. Col (subeequentty (len.) An™ 

drew, 60, 61. 
Pickens. Gov. F. W„ 188. 
Plcktord (E^ng.). 256, 
I Plckrtng, P., 17. 

Pictures, In S. C, 106. 
' Plnckney. Hon. Charles (sometime 




Chief-JuBUce o€ S. C). 214. note 16; 
219. 227 (2). 

Plnckney, Hon. Charles (1767-1824), 
120. 178. 

Pinckney. CoL (afterwarda Gen.) 
Charles Cotesworth. 86. letters of to 
Major Isaac Harleston. 160. 214-216, 

Pinckney. Rev. Charles Coteeworth. D. 
D.. LL.. D.. 66. 

Pinckney. Mrs. Bllsa (Lucas). 214. 

Pinckney. Frances. 178. 

Pinckney. Qustavus M.. 261. 

Pinckney. Rebecca, 227. 

Pinckney. Major Thomas, 86. 8C. 214. 
215. 216. 

Pinckney. Capt. Thomas, grrandson of 
above. 2. 

Pinckney. Major William. 227 (2). 

Plymouth (E2ner.). 28. 166. 

Poets, of S. C. mentioned. 128-124 (All- 
ston), 177-178 (P. H. Hayne). 

Poets* Comer, Westminster Abbey, 

Point. The (plantation). 106. 106. 

Poltevent. Bknily. 187. 

Polk, Capt. EtEekiel. Hon. Henry Lau- 
rens's letter to, 189-190. 

Pollard. Lieut, (subsequently Capt.) 
Richard. 87. 88. 89. 91. 94. 210. 211. 

Pond. Capt.. 76. note 88. 

Ponpon. 170, note 6. 

Pont. James (heraldic writer). 246. 

Ponten Royan. 226. 

Pooll. Anthony. 167. 

Pope Alexander. rv., 240. 

Popple. Mr.. 110. note 10. 

Porcher. Philip, Jr., 121. 

Port Arthur. 28. note 26. 

Port Royal, church of. 166. 

Port Royal Island. 268. 

Porter. Uriah. 167. 

Portland (ship), the. 74, 126. 

Postell. Major John. 121. 

Powder. 71. 80-81. 190. 

Powell, Col. Gteorge Oabrlel. 78. 

Powell, Michael, 166. 

Powell, Reuben. 166. 

Powers. Nicholas. 167. 

Poyas. Mr.. 198. 199. 

Poyas. Mrs. EX A., 249. 

Prerogative Court of CJanterbury, 221. 

Presbyterians, 82, 88 (2). 84 (2), S8. 

Prei>cot, Benjamin. 164. 

Frescot, John. 164. 

"^i'Mident (ship), the, 19S. 

Preston (Eteg.). 168. 

Preston, the (pink). 168. 

Prevost. Major-Gten Augustine, Invai- 
lon of S. C. by. 268. 

Prevost, Lieut.-CoL (Jas. M.?). 61. 

Price, John. 156. 

Price. Rice (Rees Prees), 221. 

Price. Thomas. 165. 

Prince. Lieut. 94. 

Prince's Street (Bdlnburgh), 229. 

Prlngrle. the name, 240. 

Prlngle. the Messrs. 188. 

Printers. 75 (Robert Wells). 119 (Lan. 

Prloleau. Samuel, 220. 221. 

Prioleau's Wharf, 118. 

Prltchard. Catharine. 120. 

Pritchard, Paul. 120. 

Privateer (S. C), 122. 

Privateers captured In Santee River, 
June, 1779. 93. 

Privileges and £n«H:tlons. Committee 
on (S. C. H. of R.). 64. 

Probate Court Records (S. C). US, 
note 19:' 132. note 39. 

Provincial Congress of South Caro- 
lina: 1st.. 9, 10. 11, 15, 267 (2), 260, 
2d.. 15, 73, note 27; 190, 267. Hon. 
Henry Laurens's comment on the 
meeting of, 131. 

Prussia, the King of. 192. John Lau- 
rens's proposition to study military 
science In. 206-207. 

Public Advertiser (London), 1775, 69, 
78, 198. 

Public Ledger (London). 198. 201. 

Public Treasurer (S. C), 267 (Motte). 

Pullam, William, 144. 

Purry, Jean Pierre, 191. 

Purry. the Baron of, son of above, 

Purrysburgh, 83, note 4; 86, 191 (2). 

Quail, Charles, 147. 

Quakers. 88. 

Queries, James, 167. 

Queries, Samuel, 167. 

Queen Street (Charles Town). 218 (2). 

Queen's Bounty for Missionaries. 21. 22, 

Quelch, Benjamin. 102. 

Quelch. Benjamin, Jr., 102. 

Quince Street, 172, note 9. 

Rabbit, the. 11. 

Ragsden. John. 146. 

Railroad laws of S. C, 64. 

Raleigh. Sir Walter. 240. 


Randall, Capl. John Bond, ISl, 

Randolph. Edward, 109, note 8. 

Rangers, the S. C. regiment of, 16 ( 
189, ISO. 

Ransers, the (mllltli 
CtaarlSB Town. 177S), 

Ranlcr, , 81, 

RanUn, Ch plat Ian, 69. 

Rapley, Mr, »i, note 3. 

Raper, Robert, iti. 

Raphoe (Barony), 166. 

RardalJ. George. SB 

Rasher, Peter, 164. 

RalllR. Samuel. IBS. 

Rattray, Mrs. Helen C<5ovan), 132. 

Ratiray. Hon, John. 132. note IS. 

RavenscraiK Cor Ravenaheugh). 241. 

Read. James, 14E. 

Read. John. 164. 

Read. Robert. 164. 

Rebellion. Si. 

Rebellion Road, «. 7B, 140, 141. 

Reconstruction, 64, 

Record and Pension Office, War De- 
partment, Ifi, 

Redbones, the, 1£Z. 

Redcralrge. 246 

Reeves, Benjamin, 17, 19. 

Refflmenls: the South Carolina Provln- 
(.-laJ. 1T60. 26T: mlllCIa horse of the 
Province, 1773, 1774, 1776. 267 (2), 
Provincial regulars, 1775, B-10, 11, 
South Carolina Une, Continental E>i- 
tabllBhment. records of, 16-20, 82-89. 
144-160, 20e-217. consolidation of Hve 
Infantry to three. 215. note 17; return 
of ist.. 86, report of 1st,, HT; guard 
rosier o( 1st. and 6th. Continentals. 
111. 2d. Clontlnental, 242. 261. 269, 2S0. 
orders for 3d. Cont.. 82, pay-rolls oC. 
144-1*0, roster o( onicers of 6th. Cont.. 
109-210, mention of 1st. (Gregg's) S. 
C. v.. C, B. A.. 82, 1S4, note 37; ot 
!Blh,, 196. Ot 27th.. 124, 

Reglstrullon of IClectora The (McCra- 
dy), 64, 

Relley. Qeorge, tlS, 

Reltey. Thomas, 118. 

Remlntsrencea of Charleston (Fraaer), 
68. note 8. 

Renton (Scot.), 241, 

Resielrig, 22S. 

Ravolatlon, N. C. militia of the. 66. 94, 
Memoirs ot. 267 (Drayton), 26H 

RevDluilonnry soldiers, oi piouih Caro- 
lina. 1*, 17. 19, 20, 69, 60, 61, S2, 83, 

6. 21«, 



64, 8E, 66, 87. 38, 89, 90, SI, »2, »J, 94, 

117. 118, 144-160, 169. 180-161, 1B», 

190. 210. 211, 312, 213, 214 

217. 267-268, 269, 260, 281, 262, 
Rhell, Edmund,' 254, 
Rhode Island. 68. 
Rhodes, Capl. (N. C). 94. 
Rhodes. Joseph. 14B. 
Rice. 4. 12, 198. 
Rich. Meredith, 69. 
Richard, Bllzabeth, 161, 

Richardson, , 19. 

Richardson, Pranols. 118. 
Richardson, Judge James S,, 17!, "] 

ardson, John, 162. 
Richardson. Owen, 161, 
Richardson, col. (subsenuently Oen.) 

Richard, enpedltlon of, 1775, 142. 
llchmond 'recorder of wills), 167. 
Richmond (Va.), 82, 88. 173. 
tlchmond tBng.), 222. 
Rlcketta. Thomas, 161. 
Rife. Conrad. 164, 

Rifle battalion (Charleston, 1864). 62. 
the 8, C. regiments (2) of, IS, 
, Monsieur, 139, 140, 304, 
Rise and Pall of the Confederate Oov. 

ernment (Jefferson Davis), 133, note 

Rltrhle. Robert, 16S, 
Rivers, Prof. William James. 196, 

Sketch of the History of Souih Caru. 

linn by, 108. note 6. 
Roberta, Abigail, 323. 
Roberta, Mrs. Ann (F'rafler). 67. 
Roberts. Edmund, abstract of will of. 

Roberls. John, 19. 

Roberts, Col. Owen, G6-T, 90. 91, 94. 

Roberts, Capt. R. B.. 81, note 4. 

Roberts. Thomas. G9. 

Robinson, Samuel, 167. 

Rohlson, L.ieut. James, 81 (S). 156. 

Rockingham (recorder of wills). 221. 

Rodemeyer. Nicholas, 162. 

Rogers, Ahas, 148. 

Rollison, Gilbert, 157. 

Roman Church, controverslea »lth, 135. 

Rome, 206. 

Romney (recorder of wills), 102, 103, 

Roacoble (seat of the Moultrles ot 
Scotland). 229, J19 (1). 240, 141, 343, 
243, sale of, 243, description of, 246. 

Rose, Cornelius, 149. 

■ Tavi 


Ross (Scot), t». 



Rora, Major, 61. 
Ro08, David, 69. 
Rothes, Georgre, Earl of, 288. 
Rotten, Robert, 167. 
Rout. Qeorgen 120. 
Roux, Jean, 226. 
Roy, Joseph, 146. 
Royal Americans, 261. 
Rudhall, Wllliaxn, 120. 
Rudhall. Mrs. Wm.. 120. 
Rugrby (Engr.), 266. 
Runnel. Jacques. 226. 
Russ, Samuel. 166. 
Russell. John. 68, note 8. 
Russell. Nathaniel. 120. 
Rutherford. Gen. Griffith, 86. 
Ruthven. Lord. 286. 
Rutledgre, Andrew, 107. 
Rutledgre, Mrs. Bllsa (Grimke), 67. 
Rutledgre. Hon. John (1789-1800), 67. 
Rye (Engr.), 22. 
Rynolds. Jihua. 161. 
Sadler, John, 149. 
Salnsbury, W. Noel. 21. 96. 
Salisbury, the Bishop of, 96. 
Salley, A. S., Jr., 1, 2 (2). notes to 
"Fraser Family Memoranda" by, 66- 
69; note to "The Moultrles of South 
Carolina" by. 247, genealogical ac- 
count of "Governor Joseph Morton 
and Some of His Descendants" by, 
108-116; Ralph Bailey of Bdisto Is- 
land and Some of His Descendants 
by. 179. note 20; Marriage Notices in 
The South- Carolina Oasette and Its 
Successors by, 119. 181, note 24; The 
History of Orangeburg County by, 
Salt Ponds, 106. 
Salters, Jacob, 160. 
Salters Hall, 161. 
Sampson, Thomas, 167. 
San Francisco, 176. 
Sanders, James, 112. note 19. 
Sanders, Mrs. Sarah, 112, note 19. 
Sanders. William, 167. 
Sandford. Thomas, 224. 
Sandhills (S. C). the, 88. 
Sandwick. the (packet), 8, 189. 
Santee River, 120 (2), privateers cap- 
tured in. 1779, 98. 
Santiago CCuba), 78, note 26. 
Satilla (Ga.), 261. 
Savage, Mr., 7. 
Savage, Daniel, 69. 
Savage. Henry, 17. 
Savannah (Ga.). 69. 120. 141. 160, notes 

8 and 9; 192, Lincoln's expedition 

against, 1779. 268. 
Savannah River, 61, 268. 
Scaramouch, 126. 
School Commissioners of the City of 

(Carles ton. Board of, 196. 
Schools (in S. C). 46, 62 (Burn^'s), 111. 

122. 172, 196. 
Schultz, John. 106, 107. 
Scorpion, the (man-of-war), 11. 
Scotch ministers, mentioned, 66 (Ix>n- 

Scotland. 31. 56. 182, note 89; 228. 229, 

280. 289. 246. 247. the Moultrles of. 

229-246. the Westminster Abbey ot 

230. a pledge given by kings of, 282, 

the Presbyterian system in, 286. 
Scott Agnes. 240. 
Scott, Barbara. 240. 
Scott. George. 149. 
Scott, James, 148. 
Scott. John, private in Col. Maham's 

cavalry. 118. 
Scott. John, private in 3d. Ragt.. 168. 
Scott, John, of Scotland, 241. 
Scott. Lawrence, 241. 
Scott. Marie, 240. 
Scott, Thom^, 254. 
Scott. Sir Walter, 242. 
Scott William, private Capt. Lieay- 

craft's company of militia, 69. 
Scott. Williams private Capt Caldwell's 

company. 8d. Regrt.. 151. 
Scott Lleut.-Col. William. 214. 216. 

Scott Sir Wllliamv 240. 
Scott of Clerklngton (afterwards of 

Millenie). 241. 
Scottish Parliament, 280, 286. 
Seafleld (seat of the Moultrles of Scot- 
land), 229, 280. 281. 288, 284. 286. 287. 

Seafleld Tower. 229, 280. 282, 286. 287. 

289. account of. 242-246. 
Seals, on Hon. Henry Laurens's letters. 

Second Manassas, battle of, 68. 
Secret Committee, of the Council of 

Safety. 128. 
Secret Council, Lords of the (Scot). 

Secretaries, of the Province of 8. C 
102, 108 (Hart), 108 (Gh-lmbail). 221 
(Skottowe), Deputy, 227 (Oldys). 
Secretary of the Admiralty. 110, note 

Seigneuret Mr., 226. 

f e1l«r«, Pr*d.. 144. 

Sempla, Ann, 111, nolo IS, 

Senaton (U. S.), from B. C, mtntlonM, 
ITI (Erana, A. P. Hayne, CbMnut), 
ITS (R. T. Hayna, Smltb), 1S8 (A. P. 

Seton (heraldic authority), U9. 

Se\Ta.rd. James, U*. 

£ewe« Say 3. C). lOS. 

ShampaJn. Francis, IIS. 

Shannon. E>anlel, 15G. 

Shannon, John, 148. 

Shark, a man aatlns, 118. 

Sharp, Major, tl. 

Shaw, Sajnuel, 158. 

Sheffnal Church. US. MB, 

6h*ldon (plantation) 1ft. 

Shepard, Peter ISE. 

Shepherd, Oeorce, 1G1. 

Shifnall (achool). ISg. 

Ship Channel (Charlea Town Harbour), 
7a, 71, 80. 

Shirley. WlUUm, 118. 

^^hoolerii HIU (Bnf-). G<. 

Shropshire (Eing.). 1B8, note 1; S4B, 

Shore. Thomas, IT, 19 (Shoara). 

Short. WUUaro. 118. 

Shrevinbury (E^.), 188, note 1. 

Shrew'Kbury, Sarah Louisa, IGl. 

Shreu-ibury Stephen. IGl. 

Stiudy John, IT, IS. 

Slbbald. hUtoty ot Fife by, S4S. 

Sibley. John. 148. 

Sibley, William, I4» 

suit Hope 4plHiilBilan). 106, 10*. lU. 

SIOHnoni, Caroline, IS9. 

Slmmoni. Jamet Wricht, 1<). 

SImmoiiB. Jotin. KB. 

Simmons. Susan Plnckney. 188. 

Simmons. William Hayne, 188. 

Simons. EAenesor, TO. 

Stmonton. Hon. Charles H., 47: obit- 
uary sketch or. 18G-1X, portrait of, 

iSlmonton. Charles 8.. IBS. 

SImonton, Mrs. EllzaDeth (Ross), 18t. 

Slmonton & Barker, 19G. 

SImpion. Sergeant Danl?l, 17. 80. 

Simpson, Margaret, 222. 

Simpson. Sir William. 104. 

Sims, William. 17. 

Stncleton. . 1*8. 

SInsleton. Ambrona, 1E4. 

ShiKleton, James, 164. 

Slnsleton. Urs. Hary. 1*1. 

Slnquefleld. Capt Samnel, it. 

Skamadlne, Wllllajn, 110. 

gkeen, WlUlam, 150. 

Skipper. Gilbert. 118. 

Bklrvlnr, Uent, 86, 111. 

Skottowe. Hon. Thomaa, 181. note 88; 
i:i (I). 

Slann. Andrew, ill, note 18 (8). 

Slann. Andrew, son of above. Ill, aote 

Slann, Mrs. Ann, 118, note It, 

Slann, Ann, 111. not* 18. 

Slann, Jo«epli, u£, note It. 

Slann, Peier 112. note 19, 

Slann, Thomas, 118, not* 18. 

Slater. William, ISL 

Slaves, 4 (Carpenter John?), SI, SI, SI 
(8), 14 (2), 88, 87, 48, 18, 44, 48, 47, 
81, 88, 102, 101, lOE, lOB-*, 10* (4), 
111, not* IB: lis, notes IB and 80; 
IS!, 164. 184-G, HIS, 118, ISO. 11*, SIT. 
John Laurens's proposition to free, 

Slicker. William, 16L 

Smith, pr., U8. 

Smith, MM., widow of above, 118. 

Smith, Lleut„ 84, Sll. 

Smith, Mr., IT. 

Smith. Aaron, 141. 

Smltb, Adam, ISl. 

Smith, Daniel, 80, IIT. 

Smith, D. B. Huc*r, I, 

Smith, Ellaa. 118. 

Smith. Mrs. BlUabetll (WariOf), lU. 
note 11. 

Smith, Esau, 147. 

Smith, Predsriek, II. 

Smith. Henry, private Maham'a caval- 
ry. 118. 

Smith. Henry, private 8d. Raft, UT. 

Smith. Henry A. M., 8 (8). 

Smith, J. J PrlnKle, 88. 

Smith, Jamfs, private Qooawm's Co., 
8d R^K^., l&O- 

Smlth. Jsmea, private Caldwell's Co™ 
Sd. Rert.. 151. 

Smith. Jesse. ISt. 

Smith. John. 184. 

Smith. John, private Joe. Warlaya Co., 

3d, Regl.. US. 
Sniliti, John, private FarraVs CO™ SA. 

Regt.. IB*. 
Smith, Jotin. privet* HenlOCton'a CO. 

Id. R*vt™ UT. 
Smith, Dr. John, ITS. 
Smith, Capt. John Carrawar, par-rolt 

of company ot 147-lM, 118, 1B8, 1*0. 
Smith, Robert, Jr™ IH. 

Smith, Boloinon; IIS. : 

Bmltli. TbOfnaa, [o-lvate Sd. Rest., 17. 

Smltb, ThoDM*. IGt. 

Smith, Hon. WlUlam, ITt. 

Smltb. Z<Aoland, US. 

Smithsonian Institution, lit, 

Bulcker'B Q&p, ba,ttl« of, BS. 

Snowdan. Tat«a, 1. 

Society tta the Propagation of the Qo*- 
pel in ForttlKD I^rta, ISI, 124, lliwt 
mlMlonaiT of, to B. C 11. record* 
of pertalnlnr ^o South Carolina and 
R«v. and Un. Samuel Thomaa, Sl- 

Gt, n-tt. 

SomcrMt (BuK.), 100, 109, notes « and 

7; >H, 117. 
Somarvela, 0«orKe, Gl. 
Somtnan'i plantation, SO. 
South, the, ST, SS, 171. 
South Carolina. 6.6, IE (2), SI, 2Z (1), 

II, 14 (1), », IT (4), 18 (», !S, 10 
<1). 11, IB, 40 (S), 41, 44, GS (1), GT, 
G9, 61, 67, 69, 72, TE. SE (G), 96 (2). 
91 (1), SB. 100 (G), 101 «). 101 (1), 
103 (S), 104 (1). IDG (I). 106 (Z), lOS, 

110 (2). 110, not* 10; 111, 112, 111. UG, 

III, ISI. note SB (3): 1S2, note 41; 
lis, IBB. 144, note «: 161 (2). 164. 16B 
(2), 166. 168, 172 (2), ITG, 180. note 
21: IS) (!}, !04, tOG. note G; 

111 (1), ISO (S), 221 <E). 222 (S), 221, 
22B. 2SB, :Si; government of In ITOG, 
IT, 14. parliament ot at aame time, 
to, Oeneral Aasembly of (luceesaor 
of fnresolnc), B. 61, Commona Houae 
ot Aasembly ot, 27, S2, 1G7, 160, flrai 
Provincial Congresa of (snccesaor to 
foreKolng), 9, 10, 11. IE. 2ET, 160, sec- 
ond Provincial Congresa of Csuccess. 
or to foregoing). IE, 2ET, Qeneral Aa- 
■embly oC (mcceasor to foregoing), 
14, IGT, Houae of Representatives of 
(successor to foregoing), 6S. lEB. 160, 
Council of. 14, IT, 10, 12, 221, Council 
of Bafaty of (successor to executive 
functions of foregoing), 116, note 14; 
127, note 14; 118, IBB (S), IBO, 
Legislative Council of (successor to 
legislative functions ot Council), IGT, 
Judges of Court of TIee Admiralty 
of, 1)0 (Morton), 112. note SB (Rat- 
tray). United State* IMstrict Judses 
of, 1B6 (Slmonton). United States 
DlMrlct Attorneys ot, 172-171. note 
It; United Btate^ Senators ot, ITl 

'mvans, A, P. Hayn«, Chesnut), 17t 
T. Hayne. WlUlam Smith). Rep- 
mtatlvw ot on bemocratle Na- 

tional Committee. 1B6 (Slmonton), 
Ctovemora of 14, 10 (Sir N. Johneon), 
lOG fR. Johnson). 108-lOS (Morton), 
m, 171 (AJIaton), 1S3 (F. W. Pick- 
ens), 114 (Jas. Moore). 142 (Moul- 
trie), Secretaries of the Province oL 
102 (Hart), 111 (Skottowe), Public 
Treasurers of, 2S7 (Motte). Attoniey- 
enerals of, 1T2 (R. T. Hayne). 181 
(L W. Hayne), 248 (Moultrie), Conqi- 
troller- General* of, 181 (W. E. 
Hayne). Chlet-Justlces of, 114, note 
16 (Plnckney), Special E^voy ot to 
the United States, 183, records con- 
cerning flmt missionary to from ths 
Soc. for Prop, of the Qospel In Fbr- 
elgn Parts, 21-64. state of the CSiurch 
In, 170G, 2G-26, 31-19, Supt. Of Clergy 
for. 27, Lords Proprietors of, IT, di- 
vision of Into parishes, S4, as an In- 
fant colony, IG. encouragement given 
Church of Gangland minlaters by, SG, 
need at ministers In, BE, appropria- 
tions of for the Church. IE, settlers 
for, 111, non-lmportatlon and non- 
«xp<Miatlon resolutions of, 10, non- 
Intercourse resolutions of, 4, Provin- 
cial -Regt. of. IT60. 2E7, mllltla of. G», 
60-61, 62, 91. 94, (Tontjnental soldiers 
of, lE-20, g2-9G, 120, 144-160. 109-217, 
2ET, 2G9, 160. 261-262, fla« of. 2GS. 
note 21; Confederate "Survivors' Aa- 
soclatlon" of. 68, Confederate reccM^s 
of. 61-64, silk culture In. )32, note 41; 
railroad laws of, 64. biography of, 61, 
68. the Compromise Act a great Moral 
victory of, 171, note 7; an officer 
ot rank In, 1779, 92, pamphlets from, 
1706, 27, newspapers of. G9, 111, poeta 
<tf, 114 (Allston), 176-177 (Hayne), 
histories of, fiS, The Moultrles ot, 
247-269. trustees of the Medical Col- 
lege ot the State of. 196. 

South Carolina College. 122. 121. 19G. 

South Carolina Oleanlngs In England, 
lOO-lOT, 161-167, 218-118. 

South (Carolina Hlstwical Society. 1. 
IE. 62, 6G. 122, I2B, 114. note 41; 141. 
19S, 197, resolutions of Manactiw 
Board ot on death ot Oen. MoCrady, 
66-67, CollecUoni of. lOS. notes. 

South Carolina Historical and GeMB- 
logloal Ma«aslne. THe. cited, lOt, note 
6; 110, note 7; 111, note 16; 2G7, note 




South-Carolina and American General 

Gasette, The, 11, note 25; 75, note^ 

tS and 29. 
South -Carolina Gazette; And Country 

Journal, The, 11, note 25; 75, note 

South Carolina Society, 220. 
South Carolina Volunteers, C. S. A.. 1st. 

(GreffST's), 62, 184, note 27; 25th., 195, 

27th^ 124. 
Southern History Association, 12S. 
Southern provinces of North America, 

slavery in. 205-206. 
Southern States, negroes disfranchised 

in, 65. 
Southlelgh (Eng.), 229, 256. 
Southwarfc (Ehiff.), 164. 
Spachman, Henry. 162. 
Spain, 40, 248. 

Spaniards. 41. invasion of South Caro- 
lina by. 29, 108. 
Speakers of the Sw C. House of Reps^ 

172 (R. Y. Hayne). 
Speed. Capt. (N. C). 94. 
Spencer. Joseph. 150. 
Spikes. John, 118. 
Splatt. Benjamin, 179. 
Splatt Bdward, 179. 
SpUtt. Enisa, 179. 
Splatt. Francis, 179. 
Splatt, Mrs. Hannah (Hayne), 179, 

note 20. 
Splatt. Hannah, 179. 
Splatt, John, 179. 
Splatt. John, son of above, 179. 
Splatt, Joseph, 179. 
g^latt, Martha, 179. 
Splatt. Mary, 179. 
Splatt. Susannah, 179. 
Spurffen. Major, 61. 
St. Alphagre (Bngr.), 167. 
St. Andrews, Holbom (Edit.). 161. 
St. Andrew's Parii^. 227, described, 88- 

34. register of, 111. note 18; church- 
yard of. 165. 
St. Andrew's Society, 68, 242 (Club), 

St. Augustine (Fla.), 98, 262, Moore's 

expedition against, 40-41, Carolina 

exiles to, 261. 
St. Bartholomew's Parish, 68, note 7; 

180, note 28. 
St. C9airs, of Roellne, the ancient seat 

of, 244. 
St. (George's, Middlesex (Ikig.), 222, 

Chapel of, 228. 

St. George's Parish, Dorchester, 112, 

note 19, 269. 
St. Helena's Parish, 257. 
St. James's Parish, Goose Creek, 29, 97, 

98, 111. note 19; 118, note 19; 259. 

note 24;* description of, 31-82, first 

church of. 32. 
St. James's Park (London), 187-8. 
St. John Hackney (B2ng.), 222. 
St. John's Parish, Berkeley, 119, 120 i2), 

121. 132, 229, 257 (2), 258, description 

of, 32-88. 
St. Julien, EUizabeth Damaris de, 257. 
St. Julien. Pierre de (3d.), 257. 
St. Lawrence (Eng.), 40. 
St. Miarie, Lieut, (afterwards Capt.) 

Levacher de, 86, 211. 
St. Martins Outwick (London), 168. 
St. Mary NewbotUe, 229. 
St. Mary White Chapel, 168. 
St. Maxys Ave., 185, note 43. 
St. Matthew's Parish, 120. 
St. Michael's Church, the bells of, 67. 
St. Michael's Parish. 172, 196, 260. 
St. Michael's Parish, Cambridge (Bng.), 

St. Paul's Parish. 111-12, note 19; 180. 

description of, 84. 
St. Peter's Parii^, Hon. Henry Lau- 
rens's letter to committee of, 1776. 

St. Philip's €!burch, 220, Confederate 

dead of. 184, note 27. 
St. Philip's Parish, 172, 195, 257. 260, 

register of, 247, notes 1, 8 and 4; 248, 

note 5; 257, note 8; 260, notes 27 and 

St. Saviour's Vicarage, Leeds (Bng.). 

St. Thomas's Parish, 119, description 

of. 38. first church of (Pomplon HiU), 

"Stack Arms". 124. 
Stanhope. Lord, 200. 



State House, of S. C. (at Columbia). 

184. note 27. 
State's Rights War, 78. note 26; 124. 
Statutes at Large of South CJaroUna. 

The, 111, notes 12 and 16. 
Staunton, Chancellor, 260. 
Staunton, Cecilia, 260. 
Stead, Benjamin, 7 (2), 14. 
Steel, John, 148. 
Steele, Charles, 145. 
Steele. John, 16, 17. 
Stevens, Robert, 28 (2), 47, 96, 97. 



Stevens, Washinffton J., 118. 

Steward, John, 151. 

Steward (?), Mrs. Judith, 114, note 

Stewart. Sir Alexander, 281, 284. 
Stewart, Elizabeth, 238. 
Stewart, Hardy, 160. 
Stewart, William, 146. 
Stewart of Blackhall (Dougrlas), 240. 
Stilea, Magaretta, 174. 
SUlton (Enff.), 162. 
Stinvinder, Ootliep, 161. 
Stokes, Sarah, 180. 
Stone, MT., 201. 
Stone Market (Eny.), 80. 
Stono, the battle of, 67, 90-94. 
Stone Ferry, 67, 90, 92. 
Stono Phosphate Company, 196. 
Stono River, 84, 120. 
Stoutenburgr, William, 222. 
Stow, Joel, 146. 
StraniT* John, 280. 
Strecham, Stephen, 17, 19. 
Strettell, John, 101. 
StHckland, Miss (writer), 237. 
Strobhart, Cornelia, 262. 
Stuart, Alexander, 17, 19. 
Stuart, Andrew, 111. note 22. 
Stuart, James, 82. 
Stuart, Hon. John (Indian Agent), 60, 

Stubbs. Mr., 24. 
Sturdivant. Mrs. Annie B. (Douglass), 

Sudbury (Bng.), 29. 
Suffolk (Bng.), 22, 49. 
Sullivan's Island. 8, 80. 141. 206, note 

5; 268, battles on. June 28, 1776, 204- 

206. 267-268. 
Summerford. Jacob, 160. 
"Sumter". 124. 
Sumter. Fort, 62, 188. 
Sumter County, 122. 
Sumter District, 122. 
Sunbury (Oa.), 8. 5. 70. 
Sunday News, The, 124. 
Superior Court, of San Ftancisco, 176. 
Supreme Court, of the U. 8., 64 (2). 
Surrey, 242. 

Surveyor-Gtonerals of the Southern De- 
partment of North America, 80, note 

82 (De Brahm). 
Survivors' Association of Cfharteston, 

68, of South Carolina, 68. 
Sutcliffe, John, 120. 
Sutherland, Tliomafl, 156. 
Sutton, Samuel. 146. 



Swallow, the (packet boat). 72. 7i. 

Sweatt, James, 160. 

Swinton, , 179. 

Switzerland, 191. 

Symonds, Mr., 106. 

Tait. David, 60. 

Tamar. the (man-of-war). 74, 80, 140. 

Tann, John, 149. 

Tapper. William^ 17, 19. 

Tattnall. Joseph, 114. note 22. 

Tay, th« Firth of, 246. 

Taylor, , 19. 

Taylor. Aaron, 161. 

Taylor. Albert Rhett. 188. 

Taylor, Alexander Ross, 188. 

Taylor. Alexander Ross (1846-1866). »m 
of above, 188. 

Taylor, Harriet Hayne, 188. 

Taylor. Isaac Hayne, 188. 

Taylor, James H., 184. note 27. 

Taylor. John, 188. 

Taylor, Capt. Samuel, 89, 210. 

Taylor, Sarah Chesnut, 188. 

Taylor, Col. Thomas, 69. 

Taylor, Thomas, 148. 

Taylor, William, 148. 

Taylor. Oo\. William, 224. 

Taylor, William Hayne, 188. 

Tea, 79. 

Temples, Jacob, 146. 

Temples, Peter, 146. 

Tennent, Rev. William, 78 (2), 190. 

Test oath for jurors, 64. 

Tewksbury (ESng.). 100. 

Thavies Inn (Bng.), 227. 

Theus, Capt. Simeon. 86, 211. 

Thomas, Dempsey. 146. 

Thomas. Rev. Edward, 80. 

Thomas, Mrs. Sllisabeth, widow of R^^- 
Samuel, documents concerning. 96-99. 

Thomas, Henrietta, 164. 

Thomas, Hon. John P., Jr.. 21, 96. 

Thomas. Rowland, 17. 

Thomas, Rev. Samuel, documents con- 
cerning. 21-26, memorial of to the 
Soc. for the Propagation of the CK>s- 
pel in Foreign Parts, 27, 28 (2), testi- 
monials of. 29-81. connection of with 
Gk>ose Creek, 82, death of, 29. account 
of the Church in S. C. by. 81-89. re- 
monstrance of against Marston't 
charges, 89-64, Journal of, 98, men- 
tioned, 96, 96. 97, 98. 99. 

Thomas. Mrs. Samuel, wife of nbovt, 
documents concerning, 96-99. 

Thomson, Benjamin. IB 7. 

Thomaon. Col Wlillam, I5S. 1G9. Sla. 

168. Ml. 
Ttaomaon, Wniiam, IBS. 
Tbome, Prances. 1B6. 
Thorowgood. Mr., 161. 
Thorow'Sood, Simon, 141. 
Thrlng. Bunker. 87. 
Tlcehurst lEng.}. IBS. 
TIcknor & Fields, 176. note 18. 
TtllotMn. Archbishop, &8. 
Tllson. James, 164. 
Ttmes. The (Charleston), GT, nota 4. 
Timothy, Peter, 126, not« St; 117, note 

S4^ 128. 
TImrod. Henry. Huyne's edition of Uie 

poems of, 179. note 18, 
Tlnsley. James, US. 

Toogoodoo (plantallDQ). 112, note IB. 
Tooly Stieet (Southwarlt). 164. 
Topsham (Eng.). IBG. 167. 
Torphlcken, S31. 
Towles. Capt. Oliver. 81. pay-roll of 

compBJiy of, 1G2-153, IBS, 160, 
Town Creek (N. C), 196, 
Tonnsend's Volutiieers, 118. 
Tradd Street (Charlei" Town). 220. 
Tralte. James, 13G. 
Transactions of the Huguenot Society 

or South Oaroltna, 26*. note ID. 
Trapler, Allvla Paulina, 184. 
Treasury and Treasurer of a. C. dl«- 

cusaed. 10. 
Trench. Alexander, 164-166. 
Trench. Frederick, boh ot above, 166. 
Trench, Chancellor Frederick. 185. 
Trench. Mrs. Hester, 164. 
Trench Islsjid. 1€B. 
Treievant, Theodore, 221. 
Trinity College. Cambridge. 164. 156. 
Trott. Capt. John, 119. 
Trott. Nicholas. 31. 
TMrtt Street (Charleston). 172. note 8. 
Troup. John. 119. 
True, Thomas. 148. 
Tme Blues (mtilila company of Charles 

Town. 177B). 118. 
Trumplngton Hajl (Eng.), 2B6. 
TVyall Iplnntatlon). 106, 106, 
Tochkelth (Scot.). 243. 
Tucker. Mr.. 4. 
Ttieker. John, 161. 
Tnoker, Ciipt Thomas. 77. 
Tudor. Richard. 221. 222. 
Tulet, Cephas. ISB. 116. 
Tunlel. Enque. 116. 
Turbevm. Wlnerred. 111. 

Turner, Capt. (3eorge. 86 (2), : 

Turner, Capt. John, 80. 

Turtles, 7. 

THlggs^ol. (Obl), 61. 

Twlse against Hord, 216. 

Tybee Sound, HI. 

Tynie. Governor, 98. 

Tyrone, County (Ireland). 146. 

Union Kilwinning Lodge, 67, 

Union Street (Charles Town), 110. 

United States. 171, note IS; 162, diatrtoC'l 
Judge of, for 8. C, 196, 

United States Army, 66, 171, note 7! 

United States Circuit Court, 4th. Cir- 
cuit, Judge of, 196. 

United States District Attorney for 8. 
C 172-3 (Hayne), assistant, 8T (da 

United Slates Government. 198. 

United States Navy. 177, 

United Slates Senate, 173. 

United States Supreme (\.urt. «i (!>. 

University of Edinburgh. 147. 148, IGl. 

Upgrove. Archibald. 17, 19. 

I'pgrove. Peter, 16, 17. 

Vale, John D.. 119. 

Valentine. E. v., ITS. Hayne bust, fao- 
Ing 173, 

Vallance, David, 136. 

Vallance. Henry. 236. 

Vander Horst. Capt. John, B6. BT. 

Vnnveliey. Edward. 118. 

Vaughan, Isaac. 144. 169. 

Veach, Isaac, 160, 

Vers (recorder ol wills), 116. 

Vemod. Rev. Mr., 116, note 13, 

Vicar's Grange. 142. 

Vlce-Admiralty. Judges ot Court ot 
for S. C. 110. note 10: 131, note 39. 

VUleponteux, Benjamin. Ill, note 19. 

Vlllers Street (Uindon). 163. 

Virginia. 23. 14. 61. 63. 167, 173. 1S4. note 
27; 214. (3ov. Nicholson's reference to 
the CThurch and learning In, )18-4. 

Charles Town. 1776). 118. 
Wa'mnlaw Island. Ill, note 1 

WRiIes. . 19. 

WakeHeld (Eng.). 166. 
Wtiles. 167. 
Wiilllf. John. 185. 
Walnall (school). 138. 101. 
Wainbsw (plantation). 149. 
Wampee (plantation). SI. 
Wando River. 11. 
War Department. IS. 




Ward, Laeut. John Peter, 211. 
Ward, Frederick, 144. 
Ward, Richard, private In Jos. Warley*8 
Co., 8d. Reflrt., 149. 

Ward, Richard, private in Heninffton's 

Co., 3d. Resrt, 166. 
Ward. Lieut. William^ 211. 
Wardlaw, Sir Henry, 2S4. 
Waring, Benjamin, 112, note 19; 116, 

note 22. 
Waring, Benjamin, son of above, 112, 

note 19; 190. 
Warinff, Mrs. Elizabeth, 116, note 23. 
Waring, Elizabeth, 116, note 23. 
Waring, Mra Florence (Beamor), 115, 

note 22. 
Waring, Florence Morton, 116, note 

28 (2). 
Wartng. John (1728-1729), 116, note 

Waring, John (1784-1...), 112, note 19; 

116. note 28 (2). 
Waring, Joseph, 116, note 23. 
Waring. Joseph, nephew of above, 116; 

note 23. 
Waring. Josiah, 116. note 23. 
Waring, Mary. dau. of Thomas. 112. 

note 19. 
Waring. Mary, dau. of Richard. 115. 

note 28. 
Waring. Morton. 112, note 19. 
Waring. Richard, 112. note 19. 
Waring. Richard. 114, 116, note 23. 
Waring. Sarah. 112. note 19. 
Waring, Sarah Elliott. 116, note 28 (2). 
Waring. Thomas, 112. note 19; 116. 

note 28. 
Waring. Thomas, son of above, 112. 

note 19. 

Warley. , 17. 

Warley. Capt, 90, note. 
Warley. Capt. Felix, pay-roU of com- 
pany of. 144-146, 168, 169, 160. 
Warley. Oapt. George, 87, 88, 89. 210, 

211. 212. 
Warley, Capt Joseph, 212. pay-roll of 

company of. 148-149. 168, 169. 160. 
Warner. Judith, 66. 
Warwickshire, 266. 
Washington, President Qeorge, 198, 

Diary of. 67, note 6. 
Washington Artillery, 67. 
Washington Light Infantry, 196. 
Watboo (barony), 82. 
Woodboo (plantation), 119. 
"VVater Street (Charieston), 68. 

aters, H. F., 100, 161, 218. 

Waties, William, 219. 
Watson. Jacob, private Mfeiham's cav- 
alry, 118. 

Watson. Jacob, private 8d. Regt., 148. 

Watson's Divine Cordial, 226. 

Waverly (plantation), 123. 

Weaver, Jacob, 161. 

Webb, John, 101. 

Webb, John, nephew of above, 101. 

Webb, Moses. 118. 

Webb, Mrs. Susannah, 101. 

Webb, William. 101. 

Webb. William, son of above, 101. 

Webster, , 19. 

Weekley. Richard, 109, note 6. 

Welch Pool (Eng.), 221. 

Wells^ Abraham, 167. 

Wells, Edward, 146. 

Wells, Mrs. Elizabeth (Buttall). 167. 

Wells, John. Jr.. 76. 126. 128, 204. 

Wells. R. & Son. 204, note 4. 

Wells, Robert, 76, 204. 

Wells's Register, 257, note 15. 

West, Anne, 162. 

West, Dorothy. 162. 

West, Elsther, 162. 

West, Isaac, 162. 

West. John, 161, 162. 

West, Governor Joseph, 108, 109, note 

West, Samuel, 162. 

West, Mrs Sara, abstract of will of, 

West, Senior, 162. 

West, WiUoughby, 162. 

West, the, 173. 

West Indies, 22, 100, 207, 254, slavery 
in, 206-206. 

Westminster Abbey, 256, the Dean ot 
231, Scotland's, 230. 

Westminster (school), 71, 76, 189. 

Weston (£3ng.), 227. 

Weston, Hon. F. H., 2. 

Westray, George, 161. 

Whaley, John, 144. 

Wharton, Bartley, 166. 

Whedon, James, 158. 

Wheeler, Ambrose, 118. 

Whilden, Joseph, 221. 

Whitaker, Benjamin, 165. 

Whitaker, John, 17. 

White. Capt., 8. 

White, James. 146. 

White, John, 147. 

White, Jonathan, 148. 

White Chapel (London), 168. 

Whitehall (plantation). 164. 

Whitehead, Mrs. Frances. 101. 


Wills, Mrs. Anne. 110, note 7; 114, a 


Whitehead, John. 101. 

21; 227. 

Whiting, Mr.. 9*. 

Wllla, Samuel, 238. 

Whlteetl, John. 17. 19. 

Wills. Thomas, 110, note 7: lU. 22 

Whlttenton. Owen. 166. 

WillBon. James, 150. 

Whlttlngton. Bdward, 150. 

Wlllson. Robert. 1(8. 

WhlUlngton. Ephralm. IBO. 

WUltown, 111. note 18. 

WbllttnKton. Jarrod. lal. 

WllmlnBton (N. C), 195. 

Who IB Who Id America, 119. note 

Wilson, Capl.. 73. 74. 75. 125. 

WIcbam. Thotma, U6. 

Wilson. Dr.. 120. 

WlsfBll. Hiss, 119. 

Wilson, E:aeklel. 145. 

Wl«<all, John. 111. 

Wilson. Henry. 154, 

WIglBll, Joseph. lOZ (I). 103. 

Wilson. Moses. 1B4, 

WlgffMlton. Mrs. Sarah (BultaJl), 


Wilson Dr. Samuel, 120. 

WlB8«nton. Thomas. 16T. 

Wiltshire (EtlK,), 103. 

Wl^nglon, Mrs. Anne, 164. 

Windsor. Joseph, 146. 

WIglnirton, Henry, abstract of wll 


Windsor. Samuel, 156. 


WInJsor Hill (plantation). 259. note 


Wlglon (Scot.), 56. 

Winn. Col. Richard. 60, 261-261 (thsB^I 

WllcookB, Joseph, 118. 


Wlikem MiBB, 199. 

Wlnson Green (school), 9, TO. 71. 

wiiitlns, , 19. 

wmstanley, Thomas. 120. 


Wilkinson. Christopher. HI. note 


Wlnyah Bay, 121. 


Ii:. nnU 13; 113, note 19 (J). 

Wise, RUhard. 164. 


Wise. Major Samuel. »5. ISB, 159. 


Wilkinson, Edward, son of Francis, 


Wlthens, Nancy. 120, 


note 19; 113. note 19 (2). 

WlthlnRton. Lothrop, GlesnlnBS 

WllklDsOn, Mrs. Elizabeth; 112, 


England by. 100, 161, S18, 


Wittenton, Burrell, 149. 


Wilkinson. FranclB. 111. nolo 19; 


Wlttenlon. Bdward. US. 


note 19: 113. note 19. 

"Wittenton. Isaac. 149. 

Wilkinson, Joseph, brother of Francis, 

Witty, Edward. 182. 

111. note 19. 

WoddlegranBe (or Woddorhlll), 145 


iniUiwon. Joseph, son of Francis. 


Wodtord. WlUlam, 166. 


note 19. 

Wood, Sir Andrew. M4. liG. 

mikltiaoti. Morton. 112. note 19; 


Woftord. William, 118. 


note l«. 

Wood, Mrs.. 166. 

Wilkinson, Sarah, ill. 

Woodend. 245, 


VOklnaan. Sarah, daa. of Francis, 


Woods. Hon. C. A., 2. 


note 24. 

Woods. Thomas. 156. 

WHlism the Conqueror, 280. 

Woodward. Rev. Dr.. 23. 24 <2). 9t. ^| 

Vllliain the Lion. iJO. 

Wooleblr-s Body of Divinity. M6. 

WmiBms. , 19. 

Worcester Cathedral, 2BB. 

Williams. Benjamin Paul, 221. 

WraKB, Samuel. 106. 16B. 211. 

Williams, Joseph. 118 

Wreiham (Wsles), leT. 

WUlUms, Kitty, 120. 

Wright. Mr., 97. 208. 

Williams, Robert, Jr., 222. 

Wright, John, 165, 214. 

Williams, Rolln, 8T. 

Wrigbt, WlliUm, 148. 

Wmiamaon. Gen. Andrew, 60 (J), 


Wright's Savanna. 4, 6, 

Williamson. Edward. IBt. 

Wynn, John. 165. 

WlUlamson, Elizabeth. 120. 

Tale University, 144, note 1 

Williamson, Isaac, IT. 

Yancey, Joseph. 163. 

WlUlamson, John. IBS. note 2. 

Teadon, Mrs. Mary, 119. 

Wllllameon. Capl. John, 211. 

YPadon, Richard. 119. 

Williamson. Sarah. 180. 

Yearly. Richard, 17. 

Williamson's BriRade. operation 


Yellow Carvel, the (man-of-war). 

1779, 60-61. 




Yonse, Letitla. 176. 
Yon^e, Robert, 111. note 19. 
York Buildlngrs (London). 163. 
Yorkshire, 2ii, 266 (8). 
Ycu, Harriet 121. 

Youmans, Hon. LeRoy F.. 67. 
Younir (Yonge?), Dr. Robert, 172. 
YouniT (Yonge?). Mrs. Robert. 172. 
Young, William, 167. 
Yowart, Capt., 8. 4 (2), 5. 


mm^mL, >-rBHARIEE 

•9mm srACKs 

61AU, THE N0V13T96 






VOL. VI— No. 1 JANUARY. IG06. 

Entered at the Post-offii.e at C'liarleKton. S. C. , aa Sei^ond-clasa Matter. 

Prinlcd lor the Aacicty by 


CharlHton. ». C. 



Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 


A. S. Salley, Jr. 


Correspondence hetween lion. Henry I^inrens and his 

Son, J( >hn, i -^yy- 1 780 3 

Records uf ilie Reg^inienls of the S. C. Line, Continen- 
tal Establishment 12 

Sunth Carolina Gleanings in England 20 

Hugh Hext and Some of His 1 )e'^cendants 29 

Historical Notes 41 

Necrolog)'- 44 

N. B. These Magazines are one dollar each to any one 
other than a member of the South Carolina Historical Soci- 
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on rd! otiier publicati')ns of the Society, and have the free 
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Any me!nl)er who lias not rrccjve'! the last mmiber will 
ple'ist r.oiify t^-e Sr^Mv-nry :n;d Tro;i*^urer. 

Addro>.-. .'sli (-• •:r!:iviTji«\'!i.:?n.s iwA vxA-iq vW remittances, to 
A. S. SA1JJ!1V, iK., ?»:c. and Tukas., 








SOUTH C-^"/ '"'- '-^'c^T^r-'^r/.- '■-^Or^FTY 


KI>;iKI» \'A 

f\ • o. o /\ L^ I_j il« I • J 1 1 . • 

^E«.RKTARV AM> IKKA'-rkKR • .f IMF Smi I K | ^ 



J'rinteJ for th- "'-.r-t* : \ 
U Al kKM. F V AN- & Ct.^'A J l.l 
vh*»rlr«tiin. * w. 



Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

A. S. S ALLEY, Jr. 


Corre>i>m«lence ^>c:\\cen H'-r:. Henry I^-iiirens and his 

Son, j..h!:. irrr-'r^^» 3 

Records "i i::e Rccinie:::.- -i t:ie S. C Line. Coniinen- 

tal Estab!isliment 12 

S«.»iith Carolina G!eanine> :n Etici^ind 20 

Hugh Hexi and S<»me of His rv>cendants 29 

Historical Notes 41 

XecrologHk- 44 

N. B. These .Magazines are one dollar each to any one 
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••r ''"]•'•": u- :'■:. 75';. e':v\ . I:: :•'!■:::• -ii to receiving the 
Mr:i.fa/-i!]es. menibc'^s are alioweJ a discount of 25 per cent. 
on ;■]! < publications of the Society, and have the free 
u^(: *:\ iIjc S•^•c:etv'^ lil.»rr;rv. 

Aw; r.v'::\\\}vr \v!j'~« \y.\s ::ot r«'ccivc-! the last number will 

y ." • ' *•*. I . ' « ' ••.'.. I . \ . •- J • i. 1 1 . C >.. r « li Ci . 

i\'Mi(s. ;•!! • ••:.::i:'--v>^ .•'•;n> r.r.-i n-rilce .'dl remittances, to 
.\. ^. S.\LL^/^^ Ii<., S'x\ AND Treas., 

Charleston, S. C 











or m 

Squt:-: Carclina Histgrical Society, 

Mat i; iX-^— May i9. !£v5 

Hox. Ic-SEPH W. B.v&xvvFr r 
Henry A. N[. SiiiTH. Els*5. 

. r - ■ »^ - - 

Hon. Theodore D. Jer\-ey. 

Hon. F. H. Weston. 

4:h, I ict 'President. 
Hon. Jokn B. Cle\"el\nd. 

A. S. Salley. Jr. 

L.\NGiH>N Cheves. E<o.. D. E. Hi Smith. Es^., 

CiiASJ-Es W. KoLL*,KK. M. n.. Rev. ]y*iis Johnson. 

D. D.. LL. D. 
VatejS Snowe^en. K5*2-. Capt. Thomas Pincknev. 

Ps- F. C T. Ojlo.vk. Hon. C A. Woods. 

Hon. 1am es Ai_L'RIcii. 

--i- i-T . iiE ri_»Rz.vj*.'iNLi L'rr.»^=_R^. 

1 — 

J"s:-:::r V/. I'^arnwell. Henry .\. ^[. Smith, 

A. S. Sallev. Ir. 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VI. JANUARY, 1905. No. i. 


[John Laureiis left England at the beginning of the year 
1777, and reached Charles Town, April 15, 1777.^ Soon 
thereafter he joined Gen. Washington's army in the North 
and was taken into the Conimander-in-Qiief's official fam- 
ily as an aide. His father was then in attendance upon the 
Continental Congress, of which he was one of the five dele- 
gates from South Carolina, and the correspondence which 
had been carried on between father and son from 1772, when 
the son went to England to complete his education, to the 

* "On Tuesday Mr. John Laurens, our Vice-Presidents eldest Son, and 
Mr. John White, of Philadelphia, arrived here from Europe, by Way 
of the French West-Indies. These Gentlemen left London in the be- 
ginning of January, when the Press for Seamen was still continued. 
The British Ministry were much elated by the Advices just received 
from the Howes, mentioning the surrender of Fom Washington, &c. 
No Provision had been made Ijefore the Adjournment of Parliament 
at Christmas for any Augmentation of the Army; the Advices then 
received occasioned most of the Ministry being of Opinion, that any 
considerable further Reinforcements would be unnecessary. It was 
generally talked in London, that the Minority would make a Secession 
from both Houses of Parliament upon any American Question. Mr. 
Laurens saw Dr. Franklin in Paris in January. Every Mark of Re- 
spect and Politeness had been shewn lo our venerable Ambassadour by 


end of 1776,^ was now resumed. A part of John Laurens's 
letters to his father have been pubHshed in The Army Cor- 
rcspondoncc of Colonel John Laurens (New York, 1867), 
edited by Wm. Gilniore Simms. Such of his letters to his 
father^ as are not in that collection and are in the Laurens 
Collection of the South Carolina Historical Society and 
such of the original letters of the elder Laurens as are in 
the Society's Laurens Collection follow.] 

York Town 8*^. October 1777. 
Mv Dear Son. 

While I was waiting in humble submission to the 
Will of the Almighty disposer of all events, having heard 
of death & Wounds fated to our late friend White & other 
Officers in the battle of German Town, inclined rather to 
indulge a suspicion that with respect to you an ill judged 
tenderness had tonguetied all my friends, your Letter of 
the 5**^. came in — the well known inscription instantly dis- 
sipated every gloomy Idea, but a sudden revulsion of joy 
which as instantly followed cost [l)reak] Tear & brought 
such a fit of trembling upon my whole [break of 
scN'eral words length] probably I should [another break 
of several words length] 

People of the first Rank and Character. The Literati were particularly 
a'^'^ichious in their Attention to the American Philosopher. Mr. Arthur 
Lee had arrived in Paris fr(^ni London. 

Mr. Laurens and Mr. White left France in February, when the military 
Preparations were still carrying on. Off Cape Ortugal, the French 
Ship they were on hoard of was stopped and had her Papers examined 
hy the Knglish Friijate Thetis, of 32 Guns; they were informed that the 
Aretlnisa l^Vi^ate. of ^2 riun<. cruised off Cape Finisterre.'* — The 
South-Carolina auJ .Imcricau (icncral Gazette. Thursday. April 17, 


■ See v<.)lume^ IIT.. 1\'. and V. of this magazine. 

^ A portion (U* his correspondence with other persons during his ser- 
vice in the army has heen published in volume> IL and IIL of this 


I congratulate with my Country upon the good conduct & 
safety of another Citizen who has dared to risque his Life 
in her Cause — I congratulate with you, my Dear Son, with 
my Daughter with all our friends upon your happy escape — 
My own duty commands my presence upon this spot, if I 
were free, I would at all hazard lame &' incapable as I am 
of alert travelling fly to assist as your Nurse until you 
should be able to take the field again** at this distance I can 
only help you with prayers & good wishes & thank you for 
the honour vou have done me. 

Xo Man can doubt of your bravery, your own good sense 
will point out the distinction between [break] Courage & 
temerity nor need I tell you that it [break] much your duty 
to preserve your own health & strength as it is to destroy an 

Other Accounts do not import our loss to have been, as you 
intimated, very considerable — & make that of the Enemy 
alx)ut or upwards of 2000, & among these of killed & 
wounded many Officers of distinguished rank — let me 
know when you are able, the truth as fully & explicitly as 
you can, adding such remarkable circumstances of the bat- 
tle as you were witness to — what vou learn also of the En- 
emy's Army their remaining numbers & disposition — & what 
has happened on the River, Forts & Shipping — & Vcni will 
further oblige Your faitliful friend & affectionate I\ilher 

Henrv Laurens, 
My Compliments & Congratulations 
to your General & in particular 
manner to Colonel Pincknev.— >'' 

Colonel John Laurens. 

Endorsed: \\ L — to J. L — 

York town ,S^'\ October 1777. 

Col. Laurens had received a bullet wound in the shoulder while gal- 
lantly heading, sword in hand, a charge on the Che-v house in (.ier- 

Colonel Charles C«ttesw«>rth Pinckney. nf t'.ic i>t. Ki:.:inieut. S<»uth 
Carolina Line, Continental I-Ntahli-^hment. who w.'i- ll'en ^ervinij on 
fien. Washington's >t:'.fY as an aide. 


Addressed: Colonel John Laurens 

at General Washington's 
Head Quarters — 

York Town i6 October 1777 

Mv Dear Son. 

Your favours first by Express & 

next bv Col"*. Pincknev are K>th come to hand & are now 
Ixnh on their jouniev to Charles Town where thev will be 
very acceptable as they have been here to several, & 
!*i>th merit my particular thanks. 

Yesterday a Letter of yours of the 26***. Septr came to hand. 
I fancy one of mine about the S^. or 9^ Ins\ is also lagging 
I the wav. 

The inclosed from Major Butler relative to two Horses 
which he Iu>ik*s are in Col"*. Moylan's hands & if found to be 
sent to mir»e, if you learn anything of them be so polite as to 
infonn me. 

l\x>r Berry! I am Si>rr\* for him. James is [break] spent 
liHlay endeavouring to get Fish, when he returns I will 
enquin.* & if the Tntss is in our p.»ssession send it or other- 
wise i^ct another when vou let me know the side of the weak 

I am writing in Congress & in the midst of miKh talk { not 
roijular Conirress^ buz I savs one "I would if I had been 
Comm'. vM* that Anny with such p^^wers have procured 
a'l the r.ecossaries which are said to l>e wanted without sikH 
wivlnii-g Complaints." 

"I wv^uK: says J\ iiave prevented the amazing desenions 
\\ -vlcb. p.a\e I:;ip|H?nevi ii only wants proj>er attention at loun- 
:a::i heai-*' — 3 -. It is ver>- easy tv^^> to prevent intercourse 
Ivtwee:: t:ie Anny & the Enemy & as easy 10 gain Intelli- 
cer.oe V:*: N\e !:ever mini; who O' nies ::: & who s^^es out *^i 
o::r CAtriv* 'In >'.■ r: S". • i:r Arrr.y is ::::.-er no r^^ulation 
ncr v::sc:v::.e** &o &c &c 


You know I abhor tell tales but these sounds hurt me ex- 
ceedingly, I know the effects of loose Tongues, I know the 
cnielty of tongues speaking the fulness of designing hearts 
— nevertheless I am afraid there may be some ground for 
some of these remarks, a good Heart may be too diffident, 
too apprehensive of doing right righteous proper Acts, lest 
such should be interpreted arbitrary — but good God, shall 
we [break] five Hundred & destroy five Millions — 
The subject is too delicate to dwell upon I wish I was well 
acquainted with the Man whom I think, all in all, the first 
of the Age, & that he would follow my advice he accepts 
the opinion of some who have no superior claim all vanity 
apart — the Crowd is too great on each hand all that I have 
said is between us — I will only add that your continued 
& particular advices consistent with that honour by which 
you are more strongly bound than you are by even Duty 
to a Father will oblige me and many distant Friends 

Adieu my Dear Son 

Henrv Laurens, 
Colonel John Laurens. 

Endorsed: H. L. to J. L-> 

York Town i6*^ Octo 1777. 


Addressed: The honble Henry Laurens Esq*. 

fav^ bv ' York 

Coloriel Morgan 

Head Quarters 6*^. November 1777. 
I had the pleasure of writing to you last night by Baron 
Frey; to whom I gave the same answer upon his applica- 
tion for employment, that I have already given to several 
Strangers by order of His Excellency — that there are no 
vacancies of that kind which alone, foreigners of experi- 


ence aim at in <^'ur service — that setting new comers over the 
heads of those who had lx)m the heat and burthen of the 
day would l^e exceedingly unpopular and occasion gjeat dis- 
contents in the Army &c — all this was express'd with that 
fyr/litencss which gives a man to understand that his wishes 
would Ik: granted it circumstances would permit, and makes 
the Refusal of his ofifer'd senices fall as light as possible — 
The liaron in rejily hinted that his views were not so high 
as those of manv Frenchmen who had seen less of militan' 
Duty, and that he would l)e glad to sene as Volunteer if the 
dcarness oi living were not too great for his Finances — he 
said he had been ten Years in the service of the Emperor — 
and two years anrl a half in that of France, during the War 
in Poland — his Rank was that of first Lieutenant — The 
Ciencral after answering as above told him that if he was in- 
clined to apj>ly in i>erson to Congress he would return him 
the Ixftter which he had brought from Doctor Franklin, 
and that he might make what use of it he thought proper 
— fnmi the appearance of the Baron I think he would be of 
service as a Caj)tain if he could speak American, we want 
good ofiicers of that rank more than anv Armv that ever 
existed — a few men of exi)erience and proper milita.ry pride 
in tliat grade might by their example produce great Re- 
formation — the misfortune with us is that our Officers of 
IMatoons besides their wanfof knowledge are many of them 
loo dcs])icable to admit of any acquaintance between them 
and their sii])erior Officers — 

This morning we have heard a few Guns below, which are 
signs of Life, and lead us to hope that our Forts are Still 
in the ])ropcr hands — the continued Rain will increase the 
inconvenience of the Enemys situation on Province Island — 
If James can ])urchase a broad Green Ribband to serve as 
the iMisign of my Ofiicc, and will keep an account of what 
he lays out for me in tliis way I sliall l)e obliged to him — 
mv old sash rather disfigurM bv the heavv Rain which half 
drown'd us on oin* march to tlie Yellow Springs, (and 
which by the bye si)oilt me a waistcoat and breeches of 
white Cloth and my uniform Coat, clouding them with 


the dye wash'd out of my hat) served me as a sling in our 
retreat from German Town, and was rendered unfit for 
farther service — This will be delivered to you by Colonel 
Morgan with whom I renewed my acquaintance yesterday, 
he informs me that he sets out this morning for York, and 
as I am happy to embrace every opportunity of present- 
ing my Love — I began a Letter with any subject that of- 
fered itself- that I might have the pleasure at the end of re- 
peating that I am ever your most affectionate 

John Laurens 
I am just informed that yesterday morning at eleven 
OClock one thousand British Grenadiers and an equal num- 
ber of Light Infantry — besides a thousand Hessians 
march'd from Philadelphia with an intention to attack Fort 
Mifflin — there was a firing heard last night which makes 
it probable that the Attack took place — it requires the ut- 
most exertion of Philosophy to wait the Event with calm- 
ness of mind — 

Endorsed: Jn°. Laurens 
6 Xov 1777 
Rec^ 10*** — 


York Town 23 Novem 1777. 
Mv Dear Son— >, 

Waiting for the Clerks of Secretary's has 
detained an Express which would otherwise have been dis- 
patched last Xight — the blameful delay, afforded me how- 
ever, a prosj^ct of leisure for writing a little deliberately 
to you — this was soon closed bv a General Fcrmoy who en- 
grossed two hours of the Evening in order to present me 
with business which properly conducted could not have oc- 
cupied those minutes — the remainder was stole from me I 
declare to you very honestly by a parcel of clever Scots in 
this House who would not allow me at so late an hour to go 
to the writing Table, & forced me to stay & hear their pretty 


songs — the Jades — this cost me an hour of Candle before 
day Light in order to dispatch a Messenger with a pointed 
enquiry whether the Convention of Saratoga has been kept 
perfectly whole on the part of U- Gen Burgoyne — an affair 
which I would not have talked of as from me although 'tis 
as common as any other topic. I hope there will be a pair 
of Boots prepared for you some day this Week & if I can 
get no other sort Fll send you woolen Gloves — I intend a 
few Camp Shirts for you from a peice of Linen which 
I brought from Carolina — I must write to that Country 
for a supply of many articles & send a Waggon to bring 
them — I have in sight your last Le.tter of the i8*^® you 
will one of these days give me as many anecdotes as well 
as the best general x\ccount you can, of the whole River 
proceedings from — to the evacuating Fort Mifflin — 
We are anxious to know the measures pursued by the Enemy 
after that event — with some difficulty to the Marquis's 
friend Mons*" S*- Colomba is gratified with Commission to 
be Captain 

Baron Frey will return to Camp & probably offer himself 
as a Volunteer. Congress refuses to employ him or any 
more of the adventurers from France I should think Com- 
missions as high as Captain to such as had seen service & 
good Company & whose English is tolerable might be 
granted — & work some reform in that Line — The Baron 
has emptied his purse & plainly intimates a reliance on 
me to replenish it — these unfortunate folks have hitherto 
been only consumers of my time — there's now an appear- 
ance of consumpt of Money to keep some of them from deep 
distress, w^hat can one do ? — & vet how can one alone do all ? 

Colonel John Laurens Henry Laurens, 

Endorsed by John Laurens: 2^^ Novem 1777. 

Endorsed by Henry Laurens: H. L- to J. L- 

York town 23*^ Nov^: 1777- 

• It is printed in The Army Correspondence of Colonel John Laurens 
(Simms), pp. 78-80. 



Addressed: Lieut*. Colonel John Laurens 

at Head Quarters 

Valley forge Camp 
favoured by 
Mons** le ClievaK. Lanuville — 

York Town 14*^. Jan^. 

My Dear Son 

This will be delivered to you by Mons' le Cheva- 
lier Lanuville a Gentleman w-ho at a very great expence 
is come to offer his service in our Army, you will learn 
from himself in a very few words, his pretensions & expec- 
tations & in further conversation I believe you will find him 
to be a Man of great Military talents — 
He anxiously wishes for a Yes or a No — to his applica- 
tions to Congress, this is his own Language — but as he had 
determined to go to Camp, where the Committee of con- 
ference to whom all power for the present is given, it was 
judged best to defer an answer until their return — if you 
can w^ith propriety — introduce him to some of those Gen- 
tleman — I know you will shew him every civility that cir- 
cumstances w-ill admit of — tell me your thoughts on our de- 
termination to suspend the embarkation of M*^- Burgoyne — 
I am not answerable for nor do I claim the merit of, the 
manner in which the thing is ushered into the World, 'tis 
plain & simple not free from exceptions I know — all that 
was done while I sat in the Clair & is mere fringe & Law 
from an infant manufactory — but for the thing itself, the 
propriety the justice & the sound ])olicy I contended in the 
Commee of the whole. — so well was I persuaded of the rec- 
titude of the Act, I declared I would rather lose my whole 
Estate, than hear a majority of dissenting Voices — ^the 
grand Resolve passed Nem. Con — 


This great determination will have its effect in Europe, in 
England more especially, whether good or Evil time will 
inform us — L feel strongly confirmed, that the Act is good 
& therefore entertain no alarming apprehensions. 

I pray God protect you 

Henry Laurens, 
You have seen a Letter 
said to be Your General's 
to his Lady published in 
Humphrys*s paper is not it in the 
whole or partly spurious ? — 
The Express will deliver you a packet con- 
taining a Comb & pomatum — 

L^ Colonel John Laurens 

The following incmoraudtim zi'as made by John Laurens 
on the inside of the cover of this letter: 
Inclosed you will receive Copies of Letters in favor of Mess" 
de la neuville, from the Marechal Merlet and the Marquiss 
de Boniliet to me, together with a Certificate from Lieu- 
tenant Gen^ Bn de Wurmser — all the knowledge that I have 
of these officers who are sollicitous of being employed in the 
American Service the eldest on condition of being made 
Brigadier & the other at any rate, is derived from these Let- 
ters, and what I have seen of them during their short stay 
in Camp — their appearance and manners are such as give 
me a very favorable opinion of them — 
Endorsed by John Laurens: 14^^ Jan^, 1778 
Endorsed by Henry Laurens: H. L to J L 

York town 14^^ Jan. 1778 

[To be continued in the next number of this magacine.] 


[Contimid from the October mimber.] 


[major de brahm to major harleston.] 

Addressed: To 

Major Harleston 

of the 6'"- S..C. Regni*. 

Commanding at 

Fort Moultrie 


A. Is the first Foundation of a Platform, for which are 
required three Joists, the first 8 Feet long, the 2^. 12]'^. & 
the last i6j/^ each by 10 Inches thick — 

B. for the second Course, for which are required 5. Joists 
more all 18 Feit long and 6 by 4. or thereabouts thik. fur- 

C. if the Plancks are a Foot broad, 18 of them, of which 
the first must be 9 Feet long, the next gi/^ the next 10, the 
next ioj4 the*next 1 1 & so on. 

they must be upwards of two Inches thik 


M^ de Brahm presents his Comp*. to Maj. Harleston, & 
sends him this short Information ab^ Platforms for want 
of Time to l)e more explicit ab^ it, but hopes it will be suf- 
ficient — Sapienti pauca — 

Maj. Harleston will be so good, as to employ the few Ne- 
groes left at the Island for his & the garrisons benefit, as 
he pleases — 
Jan. 30, 1780 — 








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Officers who have joined the Second Regiment under the 
late Regulation in February 1780-^ 

r Captain Thomas Shubrick. .Commission bear- 
of the 5*^ j ing Date 
I Lieutenants George Evans 

I John Frierson 

fAh j Captain George Warley 
" I Lieutenant Dan^=Langford 




Addressed: To 

The Commandant 

Haddreirs Point 

Sir — It is General Lincoln's desire that all the Troops at 
HaddrelTs Point & Fort Moultrie be forthwith muster'd — 
you will please therefore to give out in Orders that three 
Muster Rolls of each Company of every Regiment be made 
out ready by Tuesday the 15^*"- Feb'"^- next when the Trooi)s 
will be muster'd, and to the end, that no time mav be lost, 
in making my returns of the said Muster I request to direct 
that the Rolls be sworn to before the Con^mandant inmicd- 
iatelv after the Muster is taken — 

^'our most hble Scrv* 

W'" Massey D. M. G. 
Charles Tcnvn 
I [break] Feb 1780- 

Eudorsed: Orders by Major Harlestun 

That 3 Musicr Rr»lls of each 
[Rest undecii)licrable. ] 




Addressed: CoV- Henderson 

23 Feb*^- 1780- 


M*" Davice Calls on me for Beef for the publick \vh 
[break] am Ready to furnish, at Same time Shall be oblige 
to you to See me Satisfyed for s** Beef, I laid my Book be- 
fore M*" Davice that he m [break] asure you of the price 
which I have obtained for my Beef which are [break] for 
the fore Qu"- & 65/ for the Hinds— I am sir Y^ H [break] 

Josiah Dupont 



Rec"^ March 22 *^^ 1780 of Mager Isaac Harlston twenty 
head of oxen & seaven head of steers for the use of the 
Publick Fran* Cobia 


An Account of Rum Shugar & Coffe Deliverd the Officers 
of 2^Regt. at Sheldon — 

Marion ~... 



Hall Deli. CapCn Mason 

Dunbar — .. 

Baker _ 

Delivd- L«- Kolb.-. 

Springer S. M _ 
Moullrie _ „ 

Marion - 


Oper — . „ 



. Springer .. 

Marion 1 

Moullrie— I at B>con Bridge 

Preveanx., )- 

Lagarc ™„ ~ 

Ogicr 1 _._ 



Rum Shugar & Coffee Del*! 
ihe a'l Regt Brought Over J 


Moullrie... "1 

Lagarc I in town.... 

Foissin f, „ „... 

■ Baker J _ 

Ogier, order on Cant"' Mar- 
tin & Lagare Dctiver- 

Vanderliorsi at Shelilon 

Hart Deld Newto 

" Figures iinilccipheraMe. 

(To be coiitiimed in tii\ 

\ \ \ 

QS\ttC .\ 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell 

Street, \V. C. London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. 
H. F. Waters, not before printed.) 

[Continued from Vol. V.] 

Anne King late of South Carolina in America, widow, 
deceased. Aministration 13 March 1739/40 to her sister 
Joanna wife of William Cripps. Admon Act Book, 1740. 

Thomas Elder of Petworth, countv Sussex. Will -18 Oc- 
tober 1774; proved 22 July 1776. My body to be buried 
near late wife at Petworth. To niece Mrs. Marv Towers, 
widow, late the wife of Mr. William Towers of Petworth 
mercer, deceased, mv lands etc. namely all that mv mes- 
suage in parishes of Wiston and Ashington cum Brunton in 
Sussex in occupation of Stephen Loveland which came to 
me bv mv late wife and also mv I.ittle Manor called Sut- 
ton Hall in Sutton formerly in occupation of Richard Jay 
and since of John Heather and Joseph Lovell and my other 
lands in Sutton in occupation of James Foard and since of 
Henrv Foard, to mv said niece conditionallv, whereas the 
dwelling house and gardens etc, in Pound Street in Pet- 
worth were given me by my late most noble master Charles 
Duke of S<:)merset and are now adjoining to part of the 
gardens late of the said duke and now of the Right Honor- 
able George Earl of Egremont, 1 desire the same to be sold 
for the use of the said Earl and whereas my sister Mrs. Eliz- 
abeth Dec widow, has for years lived with me. T will she con- 
tinue in the said house, Gardens, etc. or if removal desired bv 
either party said Mary Towers of her share to pay to Mrs. 
Dee £300. or if Mrs. F)ce die before, then £300 to her three 
darghters, Sibylla Dee and Mrs. I\li7abcth Dee of Parish 
of Covent Garden in Eibertv of Westminster and Mrs. 


Eleanora Gill widow of Mr. John Gill late of Exchange 
Alley, London. To sister Elizabeth Dee and Niece Mary 
Towers Goods, Pictures, Plate etc. in house in Pound 
Street, Petworth, but if sister die, her half to Mrs. Mary 
Towers sisters, Miss Sybylla De^ and Mrs. Elizabeth Dee, 
and if any sale or auction nephew Mr. Francis Towers son 
of said Mrs. Mary Towers to have my Books except what 
his mother and grandmother desire. To Mrs. Ann Crow- 
ter of Greenwich whose maiden name was Elder f loo and 
to her son Mr. Thomas PoUet and his children 20 guineas 
and to children and grandchildren of said Ann Crowter son 
and daughter of Mr. William Pollet deceased f 100 and to 
their mother Mrs. Phillis Pollet widow 20 guineas. To my 
cousin Mary Elder daughter of my cousin David Elder 
deceased who is lame and infirm £250 and till paid the al- 
lowance of 12 guineas per annum, I now pay her to be con- 
tinued. To my cousin Weedon Elder 20 guineas. To 
Elizabeth daughter of before mentioned cousin Thomas 
Elder and sister of said Weedon Elder now or late wife of 
Addis f 100 etc. To William and Thomas Elder sons of 
Thomas Elder and grandsons of aforesaid Thomas Elder 
deceased and their sister Jane now or late wife of Rev. Mr. 
Gordon Clerk f 100 each and to their mother now or late 
wife of Lieutenant Alexander Gordon of the Royal Hospi- 
tal of Greenwich 20 guineas. To Henry Williams of Upper 
Berwick Street in the Parish of St. Tames in Libertv of 
Westminster, Middlesex, and Robert Holmes of Petwortli, 
Sussex, Gentleman, my messuage in the Strand near Char- 
ing Cross parish of St. Martins in the Fields in occupation 
of Mr. Thomas Xoble, in trust to sell and pay one third 
of monev to cousin Mrs. Ann Crowter widow before- 
mentioned and her son Mr. Thomas Pollet and her two 
grandchildren son and daughter of Mr. William Pollet de- 
ceased, one third to cousin Weedon Elder and his children 
and other third to cousin William and Thomas Elder sons 
of cousin Thomas Elder deceased and their sister Mrs. 
Isaac Gordon wife of Rev. Alexander Gordon Clerk bcfore- 
mentiored. "And whereas the said Messuage or Tenement 


in the Strand near Charing Cross before mentioned in new 
adjoining to part of the walls of the Mansion House called 
Northumberland House belonging to the Most Noble the 
Duke and Duchess of Northiuiiberland, my will and desire 
is that the said Duke and Duchess mav be informed of the 
intended sale of the same land in Case they shall think it 
mav be of convenience or of use to them that the said mes- 
suage or tenement shall be sold to them or for their use at 
a fair and reasonable price, preferable to any other pur- 
chaser/' To executors my chambers in Hare Court in the 
Inner Temple to sell and to nominate a proper person to 
take administrations for the Honorable secretarv of the 
Inner Temple deceased, and profitts in thirds as above etc. 
To nephew Thomas Towers, my Books in Chambers not 
before given etc. To executors messuage called **Ingrams" 
in Wisborough Green, Sussex, to be sold and money to said 
Thomas Towers etc. To two nieces Mrs. Sybylla Dee and 
Mrs. Elizabeth Dee of parish of Co vent Garden in the 
Liberty of Westminster, Middlesex, messuage in Petworth 
aforesaid late in occupation of Rev. Mr. Thomas 
Newhousc, Clerk, and Mr. Edward Fearn which formerly 
l)el()nged to family of my late wife. To cousins Mr. John 

Atlee of Windsor and his sister Sarah wife of f loo 

each. To sister Elizabeth Dee, widow, £200 and Ballance 
of Household expenses etc. To niece Mrs. Mary Towers 
and her son Mr. Thomas Towers and my two nieces Mrs. 
Sibylla Dee and Mrs. Elizabeth Dee £100 each, etc. To 
my niece Mjs. Eleanor Gill widow and relict of Mr. John 
(jill of Exchange Alley, Salter £100 and to his son John 
(lill £100. If Bank of England stocks fall, abatements to 
be made of legacies of £100 and over etc. To Mr. Thomas 
Towers aforesaid the money lent for a Turnpike Road from 
Millford, Surrey, to Petworth, Sussex, and to Durston Hill 
etc. Executors : Niece Mrs. Mary Towers, Mr. Henry 
Williams of Upper Berwick Street near Golden Square and 
Mr. Roljert Holmes of Petworth, and to each £50, to be 
paid to Mr. Williams in case he can not act, as have heard 
he is in an uncertain state of health etc. To said Mr. 


Henry Williams and Mr. Robert Holmes, Mr. Thomas 
Blakely of St. James Place, Lx)nclon, Mr. Richard Maillard 
of Mark Lane, London, Merchant, and Mr. Thomas Mail- 
lard his son and John Hollis of Lodsworth, Sussex, 5 
guineas each for rings. To Mr. John Long of Petworth 
£40. To Mr. Thomas Blakeley 20 guineas. To Anthony 
Fairbeard of Lodworth, Sussex. Mr. William Mills the 
elder of Petworth and Mr. Joseph Bigg one of the Officers 
of the Inner Temple 5 guineas each. Any directions on 
paper or papers signed by me to be observed. To servant 
Thomas Pearson f 100. To two maid servants f S each. 
To Robert Luff who looks after my Garden £5. To Edward 
Putler, Barber, £5. To poor of Petworth £20, part in 
bread, part in money, Servants not to be dismissed for a 
month, and provisions liquors etc. for sister Mrs. Elizabeth 
Dee. To servant Thomas Pearson £100 for diligent atten- 
dance in my long sickness and also apparell etc. To the three 
watchers 40s each. Rest to sister Mrs. Elizabeth Dee and 
her daughters Mrs. Sibylla Dee and Marj' Dee. Witnesses: 
Edward Feame, John Allen, John Taylor. Codicil 12 July 
1774. To cousin Mr. Weedon Elder of Greenwich my old 
golde watch. To his son Mr. Thomas Elder of ditto a 
five guinea piece of gold. To my cousin Thomas Elder, 
son of my late cousin Thomas Elder deceased, who is or 
lately was abroad practising as a Surge<^)n at Charles Town, 
South Carolina or in some other of the American colonies 
ditto. To mv cousin Mrs. Anne Crowter of Greenwich, 
widow, whose maiden name was Elder two small silver 
waiters of a Rounded or Octangular Shape and a large Sil- 
ver soup spoon and ladle. To sister Mrs. Elizabeth Dee 
a Hoop Ring set round with Diamonds that was my late 
wife's and a pair of small silver candle-sticks, snuffers and 
snuff pan. To niece Mrs. Mary Towers an old fashioned 
Silver Cup and Cover, three old Silver Castors and two 
old Silver Salvers that were late wife's. To Xiece Mrs. 
Sibylla Dee a Silver Coffee Pot which was a legacy of my 
late wife from her cousin Mrs. Sybvlla Dickenson. To my 
niece Mrs. Elizabeth Dee a Silver Tankard. To niece Mrs. 


Eleanora Gil of Exchange Alley a Shagree Case with a 
Silver Knife and Spoon with Cyphers of late wife and 
Guilt with Gold. Second codicil i8 July 1775. To 
Nephews Thomas Towers pair of Screw Barrel Pistols 
which I used to ride with and a Gilt Medal. To nephew 
Mr. John Gill a Shagree case with small Instruments and 
a Guilt Medal. Third codicil 3 July 1775 To sister Mrs. 
Elizabeth Dee and her four daughters some little stone and 
Fancy Rings. To Mr. Thomas Towers Remainder of 
some Gilt and Crystal Sleeve Buttons for shirts set in Gold 
with some Hair of my late wife in Cypher. Fourth codicil 
31 July 1775. If any Relatives of name of Elder desire 
late Father and Mother's pictures at Petworth or any Seals 
(^f coats of Arms, executors to let them have them etc. 
Fifth codicil 26 August 1775. To nephew^ Mr. Thomas 
Towers such canes and Walking Sticks and Swords among 
my Boots in the Temple carried from my chambers to Mr. 
Struts Warehouse, London, but not any furniture. 10 
June 1776 Afifadavit of John Long of Pet\vorth, Sussex, 
Gentleman and Thomas Pearson ditto, witnesses. Proved 
22 July 1776.. Administration 23 August 1817 to Wil- 
liam Milford Esq. executor of will of Sybylla Dee sole sur- 
viving legatee at her deceased, three executors being de- 
ceased. Bellas, 309. 

William Blake, citizen of the United States of America, 
but now Sunbury Place in the County of Middlesex. Will 
18 March 1802; proved 15 July 1803. To beloved w^ife 
Ann Baker' [sic] £500 also all plate for life then to my son 
Joseph Blake. To said wife Ann Blake and Edgell Wyatt 
son of Richard Wyatt Esc|. of Milton Place Surrey my 
mansion house called Sunl)urv Place County Middlesex 
and adjoining lands bought from Mr. St. Quintin and Mrs. 

Richardson and Sir John Musgrave in trust to sell same 
and invest in public funds &c. To wife for life £1500 
yearly being Interest on £36,500 in 3 per cents consolidated 
annuities and £13,500 in 3 per cent reduced annuities and 
20 shares in the bank of the United States of America now 
in possession of Messrs. Hoare Bros, in Fleet Street and at 


desire of wife said capital to said Edgell Wyatt Esq. and 
Charles Hoare Esq. Banker in Fleet Street to pay to my 
Grandson William Blake £ioo and to Grandson Joseph 
Blake £20,000 to Granddaughter Ann Blake £5,000 to 
Grandson Robert Blake £5000 all children oT son Joseph 
Blake. Rest of capital to my said sons Joseph Blake and 
Daniel Blake if living if said sons die without issue then to 
my said daughter Ann Blake £1600 and also £300 out of 
lands in Carolina in America given to son Joseph Blake 
and £200 per annum for life chargeable on lands and slaves 
given to son Daniel Blake. To son Joseph Blake all lands 
in South Carolina in America purchased of Thomas Mid- 
dleton Esq adjoining lands of Mrs. Middleton and Henry 
Middleton Esq. with the negroes and all slaves thereupon 
and their issue and wherever besides situat"ed all for his 
life then to his children at their ages of 2T subject to pay- 
ment of £300 per annum to daughter Ann Blake also to son 
Joseph Blake lands called **Newneton" and **Cypress'' in 
State of South Carolina for life, then to my Grandson Wil 
Ham Blake son of said son Joseph Blake. To son Daniel 
Blake lands in State of South Carolina called "Board- 
House Farm'' Savannah Plantation, Hickarv Hill, Calf 
Pin, Crooked Hill other Hurricance Hill, Walnut Hill Pin 
Hill and Pleasant Hill also lands on Savannah River with 
negroes and other slaves etc etc. Also to son Daniel lands 
on Ladys Island in State of South Carolina with negroes 
etc. To son Joseph Blake and Daniel Blake lands in 
Charleston Xeck called New Market etc. Executrix and 
Executor and trusteees for estate in Great Britain: wife 
Ann Blake and said Edgell Wyatt. Executors and trustees 
in South Carolina : sons Joseph Blake and Daniel Blake 
and Thomas Parker. Witnesses : Julian Rattray, J Simp- 
son, Abraham Tucker. Codicil 3 Dec: 1802. Whereas 
since making of will have added to stocks in funds in Great 
Britain £i2,oco I give interest of same to wife for life 
then to son Joseph and revoke £20,000 to Joseph and give 
£10,000 in place and contingent legacy alK)ve. Revoke di- 
rections for furniture etc at House at Sunburv Place to be 


sold and give same to wife. To daughter Ann Blake my 
postchaise and Harness. Witnesses Thos. Reed, John 
Stevens. Proved by widow Ann Blake and Edgell Wyatt 
Esq. executors for Great Britain. 

Marriot, 607. 

Edward Lowndes, citizen of the United of America 
formerly resident in South Carolina Merchant, now living 
at Xo 17 Mount Street Westminster. Will 26 June 1801 : 
proved 9 Octol^er 1801. To my nephew Thomas Lowndes 
all mv estate in South Carolina for ever. To William 
ilenry Turton Esq Paymaster oi the Fortieth Regiment the 
sum of £500 in 3 per sent Consolidated Annuities of the 
Bank of England. To each of my executors £50. To John 
Bold and Charles Banks of Charleston, South Carolina 
merchants in trust to send to my executors in England, 
John Manley of Bloomsbury Square, County iliddlese.x, 
and John Gorst of Leigh, County Lancaster, Attorney at 
law, the>' after paying all debts to invest the same in 3 per 
cent Consols. The interest to go to my sister Mary Chad- 
docke Gorst widow of Robert Chaddocke Gorst now living 
at I^iyland near Chorley County of Lancaster, after her 
death to go to her four sons, Edward, John, Septimus, and 
James Gorst. Executors in L-nited States America : John 
Bold and Charles Banks. Executors in England: John 
Manly and John Gorst. Witnesses Ann Harvey, Xo. 17 
Mount Street, W^estminster, John Makepeace Attorney, 
Xo. 4 Gray's Inn Square, Matthew Dobson same place. 

Abercombie, 682. 

Archibald Baird of South Carolina Planter. Will 20 
January 1777: proved 11 March 1788. To wife Winifred 
the house where I now live together with the use of one 
handy-man and two handy-women of my negroes. All the 
residue of my estate to my son William Archibald consist- 
ing of land purchased of Robert Weaver, the Honourable 
John Colans, and Francis Kinlosh Esq : if I have any more 
children lo be e([ually divided among them. My wife 
Winifred Baird to be executrix during her widowhood 
only. James Gordon, James Cassel and Alexander Irving 


to be executors of this my last will and testament Wit- 
nesses Robert Gibb, Alex: Rioch, John Allston, South 
Carolina Secretary's Office. A true copy from the original 
examined by William Nesbitt D. Regr. Deposition of 
James Simpson late Attorney-General for South Carolina. 
Proved by James Cassell, Winifred Baird having married 
John Wilson, x Calvert, ii6. 

Elizabeth Doggett of College Hill, London, Spinster. To 
my friend Alexander Broughton of South Carolina Esq: 
one gold ring. To my loving sisters Ann Dogett and Mary 
Lewen one gold ring each. To my brother Benjamin 
Dogett of parish of Battersea County Surrey, gentleman, 
all the rest in Great Britain Carolina, America or any part 
of the World, universal heir and executor. Witnesses 
Ann Harding, Elizabeth Harding, Elizabeth Browne. 

Alexander, 46. 

William Hopton of Charles Town, South Carolina. 
Will 21 December 1785; proved 11 August 1788. To wife 
Sarah Hopton £1050 sterling. To daughter Mary Chris- 
tiann Hopton my House and Land, outhouses, etc., 168 
King Street let to and inhabited by Mr. Robert Smith. To 
daughter Sarah House or Tenement on corner of Legare 
and Lamboll Streets which I bought of George Kinnard 
now let to and inhabited by Thomas Osborn Esquire. To 
son John Hopton and Son in Law Robert William Powell 
each five English Guineas as token of love having given 
them formerlv Taree Sums of Monev. To friend Samuel 
Legare my share in the Charlestown Library Society till 
grandson William Hopton Powell arrives of age to be ad- 
mitted as Member and then with consent of the Society to 
resign same to him. To John Legare, son of Samuel Le- 
gare a quarter acre lot in Anstonbocbugh forty feet front 
on George Street boiinding land of Mr. Rol>ert Daniel and 
to run back to complete said measure. Rest of estate in 
South Carolina and Georgia to be appraised by three credi- 
table and indifferent men and divided in four parts, one for 
wife Sarah Hopton. one to daughter Mary Christian 
Hopton, one for daughter Sarah Hopton, and the fourth 


part to daughters Mary Christian Hopton and Sarah Hop- 
ton in trust for grand children Mary Beautrise Powell and 
William Hopton Powell, at 21 etc., etc. Executors: Wife 
and daughters and friends Nathaniel Russell and Samuel 
Legare of Charlestown, Merchants. Witnesses: Margaret 
Young, Edward Prescot (sic), Thomas Coram. South 
Carolina Charlestown District, 15 September 1786 (nth 
year of American Independence) Attestation of Margaret 
Young as to herself and Edward Trescot and Thomas Co- 
ram. Signed by Charles Lining, Esquire, Ordinary. True 
copies 4 November 1786 Chs Lining. State of South Caro- 
lina. By Honorable Thomas Gadston, Esquire, Senior 
Member of Privy Council and Chief Magistrate during 
absence of his Excellency William Moultrie, Esquire, from 
the Seat of Government. Certificate of Charles Lining as 
Ordinary for Charlestown District. Under great Seal of 
the State in City of Charlestown 15 November 1786 and 
of the Sovereignty and Independence of the United States 
of America the eleventh Bv his Excellencv's command. 
John Vanderhorst Secretary. Proved in Prerogative Court 
of Canterbury by John Hopton attorney for daughters 
Mary Christian Hopton and Sarah Hopton and Nathaniel 
Russell and Samuel Legare executors, to administer for 
them as well as for Sarah Hopton relict the other execu- 
tor. Calvert, 401. 



Hugh Hext, the ancestor of many distinguished South 
Carolinians, came, with his family, to the Province of Caro- 
lina from Dorsetshire, England, about 1686.* The early 
records of the Province show that he was one of the ap- 

* 0n June 16, 1747, Thomas Sacheverell, of Colleton County, planter, 
and Martha Bee, v^idow, aged sixty-six years and upwards, of Berke- 
ley County, appeared before Thomas Lamboll, J. P. for Berkeley 
County, and Mrs. Bee deposed that she knew the said Thomas Sach- 
everell to be the eldest son and heir of his late father, Thomas Sachev- 
erell, planter, deceased, by Mary, his wife; that the said Thomas Sach- 
everell, the father, whom she had known from the time of his birth 
"whereat she was personally present", was the only surviving son and 
heir of Thomas Sacheverell, grandfather of the present Thomas Sach- 
everell, also late of the Province, deceased, who was by trade a mason, 
and personally known to her; that she had seen and still remembered 
his father, Mr. Sacheverell (whose Christian name she could not re- 
nember, but believed it also to have been Thomas), great grandfather 
y{ the present Thomas, almost from her first arrival in the Province 
from England **about a Year after the Death of King Charles the 
Second" and that he died soon after deponent's arrival in the Province 
and that she saw him *'when he lay a Dying" ; that she neither knew 
or ever heard of any other son or child of the said Mr. Sacheverell, the 
great grandfather, besides the said Thomas, the grandfather, and that 
she remembered the two wives of the latter, the first of which he 
brought with him to the Province and by whom he had a son, John, 
who died in minority, unmarried, and the second of which, Mary Fry, 
whom he married in the Province, survived him, the said grandfather, 
who died about 1701, a fortnight or thereabouts (to the best of her re- 
membrance) after the birth of said Thomas Sacheverell, the father of 
the present Thomas; that her (deponent's) first husband was William 
Bower, long since deceased, and that he had often told her that he 
came over to Carolina in the same ship with Mr. Sacheverell, the 
great grandfather of the present Thomas, "from a Place called Iweriii 
in Dorsetshire, in England, the Year before King Charles the Seconds 
Death" and that she had heard her said husband, William Bower, "and 
also her Father the said Hugh Hext dcc<^. (who also came to this Pro- 


praisers of the estate of Joseph EUicott, June 21, 1697': 
that he was a witness to the will of John Seabrook, April 
15, 1706': that he was elected a member of the Commons 
House of Assembly of the Province in 1706*, but refused 
to qualify, and that he was one of the commissioners ap- 
pointed under the **Church Acts'' of Noveml^er 4, 1704, 
and November 30, 1706.' 

His surviving children were : 

1. I. Alexander Hext, who died without issue about 

2. II. Edward Hext, who died without issue, February 

vince from Dorsetshire aforesaid) say that they Believed the afore- 
named Mr. Sacheverel the Great Grand Father, and his Son the said 
Thomas Sacheverel the Grandfather (ahovementioned) were Related 
to the Famous Doct*". Henry Sacheverel of Great Britain." (Probate 
Court Records, Charleston County., Book 1746-49, pp. 171-172.) 
^ Ibid, Book i., p. 297. 
' Ibid, Book 171 1- 18, p. 36. 

* A Sketch of the History of South Carolina (Rivers), p. 227. 
" The Statutes at Large of South Carolina (Cooper), Vol. II., pp. 241 
and 288; The History of Carolina (Oldmixon), p. 433 of Historical 
Collections of South Carolina (Carroll), Vol. II. 

" Will of Alexander Hext, of John's Island, Colleton County, Province 
of South Carolina, planter, made July. 16, 1736. and proved June 6, 
1741, gave friends, Samuel Jones, of the County aforesaid, planter, 
Benjamin d'Harriette, Othniel Beale and Charles Pinckney all of his 
estate on John's Island, on Cacaw Swamp in St. Paul's Parish and at 
the head of Deer Creek on the south side of Ashepoo River in St. 
Bartholomew's Parish, his lot and brick house in Charles Town on 
Tradd Street and his slaves and all other property in trust for John 
and Richard Seabrook. sons of Mr.«?t Mary Stabrook, Sarah Greene, 
wife of Daniel Greene. Jr., of Charles Town, and eldest daughter of 
said Mrs. Mary Seabrook, Mary Seabrook, second daughter, Elizabeth 
Seabrook, third daughter, Susannah Seabrook, fourth daughter, said 
Mrs. Mary Seabrook, nephew, Robert Godfrey, niece, Mary Godfrey, 
nephew. Alexander Hext, and appointed said Jones, d'Harriette, Beale 
and Pinckney, executors. Witnesses : George Lea, Adam Beauchamp 
and William Lea. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1740-47, pp. 34-39.) 
^ *'On Wednesday last died of an Apoplcctick Fit, Mr. Edivard Hext, 
a wealthy Gentleman of this Town, of a truly amiable Character, whose 
Death is nmch lamented by all his Friends and Acquaintances." — Sup- 

















Francis Hext. 
David Hext. 
Thomas Hext. 
Aniias Hext. 
Hugh Hext. 

AmeHa Hext, who ;;/. Godfrey. 

Katherine Hext, who ;;/.. Still. 

Martha Hext, who in. William Bower, and, 
after his death, John Bee. 

plement to The South-Carolina Gazette, Saturday, February 20, 1742. 
Register of St. Philip's Parish. 

Will of Edward Hext. of Charles Town, in the Province of South 
Carolina, Gent., made October 6, 1739, and proved before Lieutenant- 
Governor Bull, February 22, 1741, gave the Vestry of St. Philip's Par- 
ish iiooo. currency to be invested for the benefit of such poor people 
of the parish as should not be upon the parish ; gave his executors 
£1500. currency in trust to be invested for the use and maintenance of 
his niece, Sarah Rutledge, without the control of her husband, during 
her life, to go at her death to her surviving children, but in default 
of such children, to the children of his "kinsman John Hext", 
(.{ this Province ; gave Hugh Hext, son of the said John, when twen- 
ty-one. the house and so much of the ground where testator then 
lived on the Bay as belonged to the house, as divided from the brick 
house and ground fronting Union Street, but in case said Hugh die 
without issue or in infancy then the said property to go to the son of 
testator's brother, Thomas Hext ; gave brother, Thomas Hext, the 
brick house wherein Mr. Withers then dwelled, fronting Union Street; 
gave Hugh and Amias Hext, sons of his brother, Amias Hext, his 
upper tract of land of 640 acres on St. Helena Island; gave the sev- 
eral children that should happen to be alive of his "kinsman Philip 
Hext, of Froome in Somersetshire Great Britain ; The Father of 
Thomas Hext whom I brought with me to this* Province but lately de- 
ceased", his plantation at Pon Pon containing 800 acres, 'together with 
the slaves and appurtenances thereon ; directed his executors to sell 
the remainder of his estaitle and with the proceeds discharge all the 
legacies thereafter in his will given ; gave each of his "flour Brothers 
Francis, Alexander, David and Thomas Hext" £100. currency and a 
like sum to his "Sister Martha Bee"; gave "Sister Bee's Son William 
Bower,"iiocx). currency and to her two daughii»ers, !Mary Bryan and 
Tabitha Peter, iiooo currency each; gave the executors of his kins- 
man, Paul Hamilton, deceased, £4,300. currency for the use of Paul, 
Martha, John and Archibald Hamilton, children of the said Paul 
Hamilton; gave kinswoman, Mary Bryan, or, in case she should prede- 


Francis Hext [Hugh'] married Sarah , and died 

about 1746." 

cease him, her children by her late husband, John Williamson, £iocx). 
currency for each of said children that should survive him; gave 
his executors in trust for such children of his kinswoman, Tabitha 
Peter, as should survive him £500. apiece and £500. additional for 
Abraham Edings, one of the said Children, if he should survive 
testator; gave execu^tjors in trust for each child of his sister, Melior 
Godfrey, as should survive him, £500. currency; gave executors in 
trust for each child of his kinsman, John Hext, of South Carolina, 
that should survive testator, iiooo. currency; directed that £1000. 
currency be put out at interest yearly and the income therefrom be 
given for the remainder of his life to testator's kinsman, John Hext, 
and after his death the principal be given to swch child or children 
of the said John as should survive him; gave Hugh and Amias Hext, 
sons of his late brother, Amias Hext, deceased, £1000. currency each, 
and to their sis'tler, Mary, £500. ; gave brother, Francis Hext, £2000., 
to go in case said Francis should predecease testator, to testator's ex- 
ecutors in trust for the benefit of such child or children of said Fran- 
cis as should survive testator; gave brother, David Hext, £1000. cur- 
rency, to go, in case said David predecease* testator, to siuch child 
or children of said David as should survive t<estator; gave brother, 
Thomas Hext, £1000. currency upon the same conditions; gave kins- 
woman, Elizabeth Etheridge, of Great Britain, daughter of his de- 
ceased kinswoman, Ann Etheridge, alias Prioleau, if she be found and 
make a legal demand therefor within four years after testtitor's death. 
£3000. ; gave Katharine, Philip, Elizabeth and Hannah, the four chil- 
dren of his deceased sister. Katharine Still, in Great Britain, £50. ster- 
ling each; appointed brothers, David and Thomas Hext, and four 
kinsmen, John Bee, Jr., Jonathan Bryan, Philip Prioleau and John 
McCall, of South Carolina, executors. Witnesses: Thomas Boulton. 
James Withers, Samuel Prioleau, Jr., and Thomas Lamboll. In a 
codicil made April 2, 1740, he recited that his kinswoman, Elizabeth 
Etheridge, had since the making of his will, arrived in the Province 
and was then living with him. and increased her legacy from £3000. 
to £6000. and five slaves, with privilege of living in his house in 
Charles Town during her life. (P. C. R.. C. Co., Book 1740-47, pp^ 

Will of Francis Hext. of John's Island, St, John's Parish. Colleton 
County, made September 17. 1745, and proved, by dedimus. before 
John Cliampneys, May 13, 1716. trnvc -'^n. WjHinMi Hext. ?^n acres on 
John's Island, commonly called the Indian Graves, and ten slaves; 


Issue : 
II I. Francis Hext, who m. Elizabeth Stanyarne, and 

died about 1746/ (Issue.) 

gave son, David Hext, the plantation upon which testator then lived, 
containing 275 acres on Stono River, reserving a life interest for his 
wife; gave his sons, Alexander and William, a tract of 89 acres on 
John's Island, in the great swamp joining Mr. Stanyarne's land, to be 
equally divided between them, William to have the part next to Mr. 
Stanyarne's Hickory Hill plantation; confirmed to son, Francis, a 
previous deed of gift and added iio. currency; gave daughter, Sarah 
Hext, nine slaves and some furniture, to be delivered at eighteen or 
marriage; directed that his son, *'David be brought up under the care 
of his mother & be put to school at her discretion," and that Sarah 
live with her mother; gave wife, Sarah, and s(on, David, the remainder 
of his slaves, to be equally divided between them when David should 
reach the age of nineteen or marry; giave all cattle, not otherwise 
given, to his wife and sons, Alexander, William and David, and daugh- 
ter, Sarah, to be equally divided bct'ween them; appointed wife, Sarah, 
executrix, and sons, Francis and Alexander, and friend William But- 
ler, executors. Witnesses: John Carter, Joseph Waight and Matthew 
Smallwood. (P. C. R.. C. Co., Book 1740-47,. pp. 317-318.) 

Will of Sarah Hext, of St. John's Parish, widow, made November 
26, 1754, and proved April 4^ I755, appointed friends, William Gibbes 
and Joseph Elliott, executors; gave son, Alexander, £10. currency; 
gave granddaughter, Elizalx?th Hext, when eighteen or married. £100. 
currency ; gave a like sum to grandson, Francis Hext, when eighteen ; 
gave granddaughters, Sarah and Mary Buchanan, £100. currency each 
when eighteen or niarried; gave niece, Sarah Shingleton. £50. currency 
when eighteen or married; gave daughter, Jane Hext, a black velvet 
mantelet; gave son, David Hext, all of her estate not otherwise given. 
Witnesses: John Gibbes, Jr., and John Buchanan. (P. C. R., Book 
175-2-56. pp. 332-333) 

• Will of Francis Hext, of Colleton County, planter, made June 9, 
1746, and proved before the Governor, Septenil)er 12, 1746, gave wife. 
Elizabeth, one half of all of his personal estate and the use for life 
of the tract of 382 acres of land, and the dwelling thereon, bought 
of Mr. Durant; gave daughter. Elizabeth Hext. the other half of his 
personal estate when twenty-one or married, a tract of 382 acres of 
land which had been given to him by his father, and, after the death 
of her mother, the tract of 3S2 acres given to her said inotlier for 
life, but providing, in ca>e nf her death before twenty-one or witlioiit 
issue, that it should all go to testators brothers and sifter. Alexm- 
der, William. David and Sarah Ucxt; appointed brothers, Alexander 
and William Hext. and father-in-law. John Stanyarne. executors, and 


12 II. Alexander He^t, who m., December 15, 1743,* 

Jane Weaver, and died about I769.t 

13 III. William Hext, who m, Mary , and died 

about 1754." 

14 IV. David Hext. 

15 V. Sarah Hext, who m, Buchanan. 

wife executrix. . Witnesses : Joseph Coke, William Spencer, Jr., and 
Mary Mowbray. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1740-47, pp. 33^339) 
♦Register of StPhilip's Parish. 

twill of Alexander Hext, of Qiarles Town, planter, made Septem- 
ber 16, 1769, and proved before Lieut-Gov. Bull, December 22, 1770, 
gave wife, Jane Hext, 700 acres of land on the eastern branch of 
Salkehatchie River swamp, which had been given to her by her father, 
Thomas Weaver, deceased, and a negro, a riding chair and two 
horses; gave remainder of estate to wife and daughter, Jiane Eliza- 
beth, to be equally divided between them, but, in case of their dying, 
the estate to go to brother, David Hext, and sister Sarah Buchanan, 
and Thomas Weaver and George Coats ; directed that in case of his 
wife's death his daughter should be brought up under the care of Mrs. 
Elizabeth Saxby; gave brother, David Hext, the gun that was their 
fathers; directed that his niece, Sarah Buchanan, should live with his 
wife; appointed wife executrix and Georgt Saxby, of Charles Town, 
and Paul Hamilton, planter, executors. Witnesses: Robert Hogg, 
John Wilkie and Henry Videau. Jane Wilkie, formerly Jane Hext, 
qualified December 22, 1770. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1761-77, pp. 


^'^ Will of William Hext, of John's Island, Colleton County, planter, 
made April 24, 1752, and recorded May 24, 1754, gave wife, Mary, 
seventeen negroes, two riding horses, his whole stock of cattle, sheep 
and hogs and his canoe, together with the tract of land whereon he 
then lived, with his household goods and furniture and his carbine 
and silver watch, but in case of her death without heirs, the said prop- 
erty to go to his mother, Sarah Hext, his **two brothers", Alexander 
avid David Hext, and sister, Sarah Buchanan ; gave brother, Alexander, 
his saddle holsters and pistols; appointed friend, Edward Fenwick, ex- 
ecutor, and wife executrix. Witnesses: Benj. Walls, Sarah Stanyame 
and Anna Phipps. In a postscript he gave his wife two new suits of 
clothes and all of his linen. Witnesses: John Williams, Alexander 
and David Hext. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1752-56, pp. 189-190.) 



David Hext [Hugh'] married Mrs. Ann Barnet, widow 
of George Barnet," and died in December, 1754" With 

" Benjamin Smith and Anne, his wife, in conveying a piece of prop- 
erty recited that it was granted by the Lords Proprietors to John Bul- 
line in 1678; that he conveyed it to Lawrence Reed, merchant; that 
Reed conveyed it to Edward Middleton, February 6, 1697; that upon 
the death of the latter it vested in Henry Middleton, of London, who 
conveyed it to Joseph Croskeys, who, December 11, 1698, conveyed it 
to Edward Loughton, who, December 20, 1707, willed it to his son, 
David Loughton, who willed it, November 3, 17 13, to his wife, Ann, 
afterwiards the wife of George Barnet, and thereafter the wife of 
David Hext with whom she conveyed it, December 17, 1717, to John 
Bee, who willed it to his wife, Mary Bee, January 4, 1724, who, Octo- 
ber 24, 1730, willed it to her two granddaughters, Mary and! Anne 
Loughton, now the wives of said Benjamin Smith and William 
Mathewes. (Mesne Conveyance Records, C. Co., Book T., p. 602.) 
^ His burial is recorded on December 3, 1754, in the register of St. 
Philip's Parish. 

Will of David Hext, oi Charles Town, gentleman, made May 11, 
1751, and proved, before the Ordinary, December 6. 1754, appointed 
his "five LovK: Daughters namely Martha M^rCall Providence Prioleau 
Grace Roper Amelia Dart & Elizabeth Hext Executors"; gave wife, 
Ann, all of his household goods, tive negroes, his horse and riding 
chair, harness, the rent and use of his house land lot wherein he then 
resided for life, the rent and use of his house and land on the south 
side of Tradd Street during her widowhood, the residence and lot to 
be sold by the executors after her death, and £100. sterling thereof 
given to his daughter, Amelia Dart, iioo sterling to his daughter, 
Elizabeth Hext, and the remainder consolidated with the whole estate, 
the Tradd Street house and lot to be sold at the death or marriage 
of said Ann Hext and the proceeds turned in with the general estate 
and the whole, after paying all debts, equally divided between the 
said five daughters of testator. Witnesses : Alexander Baron, Lionel 
Chalmers and Thomas Lamboll. "Eliza Williams formerly Hext Qual- 
ified as Extrix," January 17, 1755. (P. C. R., C. Co.) 

In The South-Carolina Gazette of January 2, 1755. John McCall, 
Samuel Prioleau and Benjamin Dart, over date' of January ist, ad^ 
vertiise the sale on the 23d inst. of David Hext's plantation of 570 
acres on Edisto Island, together with the property on the plantation, 
and for various days thereafter the sale of other real and personal 
property left by the deceased. 



Isaac Waight he executed a bond to Governor Robert John- 
son, March 24, 1718/19, for Waight's proper performance 
of the trust of guardian to WilHam Stanyarne, infant and 
orplian of Wilham Stanyarne, deceased*. He was an ap- 
praiser, with Capt. Alexander Hext, of the estate of John 
Hill, deceased, August 16, 1722"; was elected to the Com- 
mons House of Assembly from St. John's, Colleton, in No- 
vember, 1736"; was reelected in 1739 and was put upon the 
joint committee appointed in 1741 to distribute the fund 
raised for the sufferers from the great fire which occurred 
in Charles Town, November 18, 1740"; was elected to the 
Commons House of Assembly from St. Philip's (Charles 
Town) in 1746" and was reelected in March, 1749"; w'^s 
elected a Commissioner for Market and Workhouse in 
Charles Town in 175 1." 

In 1747 John Allen executed a confirmation of title tb 
David Hext of lands sold by Andrew Allen to David Hext 

in 1735-''' 
Issue : 

16 I. Martha Hext, ;//., April 22, 1739, John 

McCalll^ d. December 13, 1784.20 (Is- 
sue. ) 

* P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1711-18, p. 26 from back to front. 

Ibid, Book 1722. 

The South-Carolina Gasettc, Saturday, November 6, 1736. 
" /The History of South Carolina under the Royal Government (Mc- 
Crady), p. 240. 

" The South-Carolina Gazette, Saturday, July 9, 1748. 
" Ibid, April 7, 1749. 
'" Ibid, April 15, 1751. 
t M. C. R., C. Co., Book RR., p. 458 
"* Register of St. Philips Parish. 

^' "Departed this life this morning, (in an advanced age) after a long 
and painful illness, which she bore with christian patience and resfljg- 
nation. being always submissive to the divine will of her heavenly 
father. Mrs. Martha M'Call, wife of John M'Call. sen. Esq. She was 
a good Christian, an affectionate loving wife, a tender mother, charita- 
ble, kind and benevolent, a good mistress, and a sincere friend — Her 
death is greatly lamented by her numerous relations, and by all who 
had the pleasure of being acqiwinted with her. 'Blessed are the dead, 
which die in the Lord, for t heir's is the kingcfom of heaven.* " — The 
Ga::ctte of the State of South-Carolina, Monday, December 13, 1784. 



17 11. Providence Hext, m., October 14, 1739, Samuel 

Prioleau, Jr.^^ (Issue.) 

18 III. Grace Hext, m., September 5, 1745, William 

Roper.^- (Issue.) 

19 IV. Amelia Hext, bap. April 27, 1733^^; m,, Janu- 

ar}^ 18, 1750, Benjamin Dart.^* (Issue.) 

20 V. Elizabeth Hext, m., January i, 1755,^^ Robert 

Williams, Jr.; d. November, 1769.^® (Is- 
sue. ) 

Thomas Hext [Hugh^] married Judith Esther Torquet, 
September 26, 1723.^' 
Issue : 

21 I. David Hext, who ;;«. Jane , and d. in 

1759.-^ (Issue.) 

^ Register of St. Philip's Parish. 

"This Indenture made the Twent}'- Fourth day of March in 
the Twentieth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord 
George the second by the Grace of God, Great Britain" &c. 
''Between David Hext of Charles Town in the Province of 
South Carolina Gent*, and Ann his Wife, of vlie one part, and Sam- 
uel Prioleau Junior of the same Town and Province Gent", and Provi- 
dence his wife, one of the D^Aughters of the said David Hext and Ann 
his Wife", &c. 

" Register of St. Philip's Parish. 
"=* Ibid. =* Ibid. 
=^ Ibid. 

=• "Died]" ♦ * * "Mrs. Elizabeth Williams, the amiable Consort of 
Robert Williams, junior, Esq." — The South-Carolina Gazette: And 
Country Journal, Tuesday. Xovembcr 7. 1769. By deed, dated Septem- 
ber 25, 1755, John McCall and Martin, his wife: Samuel Prioleau and 
Providence, his wife; William Roper and Grace, his wife; Benjamin 
Dart and Amelia, his wife; Robert Williams, Jr., and Elizabeth, his 
wife, "which said Martha, Providence. Grace. Amelia & Elizabeth are 
the only Five Children and Daucjhiers, and Divi^ees, and Executors of 
the last will and Tesiament of David Hext late of the said Town & 
Province Gent, deced," conveyed l(.»t Xo. 274 t(> Jeremiah Theus. 
" Register of St. Andrew's Parish. 

" Will of David Hext. of Colleton County, made April 22. 1759. and 
proved August 3, 1759, gave wife. Jane. £10. currency; gave son. John 


22 II. Joseph Hext, who m. Sarah , and d. in 


23 III. Edward Hext, who m. Maty , and d, in 


24 IV. Phihp Hext. (Issue.) 


Am IAS Hext [Hugh^] married Mary , and died 

in 1722.^^' 

Hext, three negroes; gave daughter, Rebecca Hext, three negroes; 
gave said John and Rebecca his stock of cattle, to be divided equally 
between them; gave daughter, Ann Hext, thirteen negroes; gave son, 
William Hext, twelve negroes, a tract of 200 acres of land on the 
west side of Pon Pon River, near Jacksonborough, bounding north- 
ward on the estate of John Peter, and a tract of 100 acres of lan(J 
on the east side of Pon Pon River; gave daughter, Ann, ten cows 
and ten calves; gave remainder of estate to son. 'William, but, in case 
of his death under age or marriage, it was to go to his daughter, Ann, 
or in case of her death before marriage or majority, her share to go 
to William, and, in case of the death of both, John and Rebecca were 
to have ii200. currency each, and the remainder of the estate was to 
go to the children of testator's brother, Philip; appointed brothers, 
Philip and Edward Hext, and John Peter, executors. Witnesses : John 
Cochran, James Reid and William Osborn. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 
1757-60, pp. 225-226.) 

^ Will of Joseph Hext, of St. Bartholomew's Parish, planter, made 
June 20, 1755, and proved August 22, 1755, gave wife, Sarah, two ne- 
groes; gave nephew, Philip Hext, Jr., a negro; gave nephew^ Thomas 
Hext, son of Philip Hext, a negro; gave nephew, William Hext, son 
of Philip Hext, a negro; gave gculson, John Condy, .a negro; gave 
brother, Edward Hext, a silver watch ; gave wife a riding chair and 
the crop then in the ground and all other property not otherwise 
given; appointed brother, Philip Hext. executor, and v/fife, Sarah, 
executrix. Witnesses: Margaret Donnom and W^illiam Eberson. (P. 
C. R., C. Co., Book T752-56, pp. 374-375) 

^ Will of Edward Hext, of St. Bartholomew's Parrish, planter, made 
January 31, 1768, and proved before Governor Montagu. April 15. 
1768, gave wife, Mary; and daughter, Elizabeth, all of hi.s estate; ap- 
pointed wife executrix and friends, Moses Darquier and Thomas 
Buor. executors. Witnesses : Peter Courstiell, John Webber and 
Elizabeth Webber. (P. C. R., C. Co.. Book 1761-77. p. 213.) 
"' Will of Amias Hext, of Colleton County, planter, made P'ebruary 
}(), 1721-22, and proved before Governor NiicTioIson, February 20. 


Issue : 

25 I. Hugh Hext, who m., April 29, 1742, Mrs. Su- 

sannah Beresford (maiden name Boone), 
widow of Michael Beresford, and died in 
November, 1744.^^ (Issue.) 

26 II. Amias Hext. 
2y III. Mary Hext. 

Hugh Hext [Hugh*] married, November 2, 1723, Sarah 
Boone^^; d. in November, 1732^*. His widow married 
Andrew Rutledge, attorney at law. 

1723, gave wife, Mary Hext, one third of his personal estate; gave the 
other two thirds of his personal estate to his children, Hugh, Amias, 
and Mary Hext, when they should reach the age of twenty, or marry, 
if sooner; gave plantatnon whereon he then lived, containing 380 acres, 
to his sons, Hugh and Amias, provided his executors should find it 
necessary to sell the plantation of 400 acres at Ashepoo to pay his 
debts, but in case there should be enough to pay all debts wfithout 
selling said plantation, then the home place to Hugh and the Ashepoo 
place to Amias; appointed wife executrix, and brother, Hugh, and 
cousin, Paul Hamilton, executors. Witnesses : Francis Hext, Thomas 
Weatherly, Robert Godfrey, Thomas Hext and Daniel McFarland. 
(Book 1722-24, pp. 256-258.) 

" The register of Christ Church Parish contains the marriage, as 
above, and records his burial on Novemlxir 9, 1744. 
Will of Hugh Hext, of Colleton County, planticr, made November 9, 
1744, and proved before Gov. Glen, January 18, 1744 (1745), gave his 
wife, Susannah, his lot and houses on the Bay in Charles Town for 
life, to go at her death to his son, Thomas Hext (minor), his planiQ- 
tion of 380 acres on John's Island for life, to go at her death to said 
son, Thomas; gave said Thomas his plantation. Scott's Bluff, on Ashe- 
poo River, bought of one Lashly and containing 380 acres ; directed that 
the tract of 350 acres which he had purchased of Thomas Tattnall 
should be sold to pay his debts ; gave son. Thomas, twenty-slix slaves 
and directed that he be educated; gave brother, Thomas Knights, 
when twenty-one, £100. proclamation money; gave wife remainder 
of slaves and confirmed a "Jointer made to her afore marriage" : ap- 
pointed wife, Susannah, executrix, Francis Hext. Jr.. "Brother in 
Law William Boone" and Robert Sams executors. Witnesses : Sam- 
uel Smith, Samuel Smith, Jr., and Henry Christie. (P. C R.. C. 
Co., Book 1740-47, pp. 207-209.) 
" Register of Christ Church Parish. 

^ **Capt Flugh Hext. was buried November 29th : 1732." — Register of 
Christ Church Parish. 


Issue : 
28 I. Sarah Hext, b, Septeml)er 18, 1724^'; tn., De- 
cember 25, 1738, Dr. John Rutledge'® 
(^younger brother of Andrew) ; d. April 
22, 1792^". 

Will of Hugh Hext, of Berkeley County, gentleman, made November 
23, 1732, and recorded February 17, 1732/3, gave wife, Sarah Hext, 
for life, the use and benefit of all lands that had been given to him 
by the will of Sarah Fenwicke, deceased, and the use and benefit of all 
slaves and other personal property bequeathed to him by said Sarah 
Fenwicke, providing that she use the profits arising therefrom to pro- 
vide for and educate testator's daugher. Sarah Hext; gave his "Dearly 
Beloved & only Daughter Sarah Hext,'' upon the death of her mother, 
all of the propem|>' left to him by Sarah Fenwicke, two dwellingjs 
and premises in Charles Town, one of which was then in possession 
of IClizalK^th Croxton and by him purchased from John Methering- 
ham, and the other of which, then in possession of one Moore, was 
formerly the property of Mary Mullins, deceased, a plantation of 550 
acres, at Stono, and a plantation of 640 acres upon St. Helena, Gran- 
ville County, but provided that in case she should die the property 
given to the wife for life should become her absolute possession and 
the remainder should go to test^itor's brother, Edward Hext. sister. 
Martha Bee, wife of John Bee; £50. per annum to kinsunan, John 
Hext, for life; £500. each to Hugh Hext. son, and Margaret Hext, 
(laughter, i>f kinsman. John Hext ; £500. each to Thomas Tattnall and 
Michael Beresford ; appointed wife executrix and brother, Edward 
Hext. executor. Witnesses: ^lary Smith, l>avid Hext and Thomas 
Kllery. (P. C R.. C. Co., Book 1732-37. pp. 11-13.) 

"Sarah .the Daughter of Hugh & Sarah Hext was born September 
iStJ» .\nno Domini 17J4 and Baptised October ye i8th Anno Domini 
17-4" — Register of Christ Church Parish. 

"Dr. John Rutledge was married to Sarah Hext. December 25th.. 
.\. D. 173.S by the Rev'l Robert Small."— Ibid. 

"On Sunday morning last departed this life. Mrs. Henrietta Rut- 
ledge. the wife of ICtlwartl Rutledge, Ksq; and eldest daughter of the 
late honorable Henry Middleton." 

"On the same day at her plantation in Christ-Church parish, Mrs. 
Sarah Rutledge — in the (v^th year (^i her age. A lady justly respected 
for her benevolence and amiablene>s. Her death is> universally re- 
gretted." — The City iiacette c-^ 7>(777y Jdrertiser. 1-Viday. April 27, 


Our First Fire Department. — "Three Fire-Engines for 
the Use of this Town are come over from England in the 
Liz'c-Oak/' — The South-Carolina Gazette, November 7, 


MiDDLETON-IzARD. — The following marriage notice was 
inadvertently omitted from Salley's Marriage Notices in 
The South-Carolina Gazette and Its Successors: 

August "19th, Arthur Middicton, Esq; was married to Miss Polly 
I card, daughter of Walter I sard, Esq. ; deceased." (Monday, October 
8, 1764.) 

A Floating Battery in 1813. — It has generally been be- 
lieved of late years that the floating battery constructed in 
Charleston Harbor at the beginning of the State's Rights 
War, under direction of Gen. Trapier, from plans fur- 
nished to Gen. Beauregard by the late Wm. Gilmore Simms, 
was the first of its kind — in this part of the world at least. 
But the following paragraph from the City Gazette and 
Commercial Daily Advertiser for Wednesday, March 31, 
1813, shows that the idea, at least, was not a new one to 
Charleston : 

**As the defence of the city is a subject which at present occupies 
much of the attention of the citizens, and particularly the *Committc«e 
of Twenty-One,' who have the subject under their more immediate 
attention, we have deemed the present a favorable moment to publish 
the article in the preceding columns on the utility, construction and 
expense of a new and ingenious Floating Battery, which we respect- 
fully recommend to the attention of our readers." 

The article referred to was clipped from the New York 
Western Star, and giv-es the plans in detail for constructing 
a floating battery. 

The Capture of Fort McIntosii, 1777. — In the last issue 
of this magazine there was reprinted (i)p. 261-262) an ac- 
count from The South-Carolina and .{mcrican General Ga- 
zette of February 2y, 1777, of the capture, by Lt.-Col Fuser, 
of the garrison at Fort Mcintosh, Ga., under command of 


Capt. Richard Winn. The following later account is from 
The Gazette, of the State of South-Carolina for Wednesday, 
April 9, 1777: 

"Part of the half-sianed garison of St. Augustine, under the com- 
mand of Lieutenant Col. Valentine Fuser. with a body of Indians, and 
Irregulars, led by a certain Mr. Brown, and some held pieces. lately 
made an effort, to procure some fresh meat from Georgia, by a sudden 
irruption into the Southern part of that state. They conquered a small 
stockade fort, unprovided with cannon, and garisoned by about jo 
men. at Satilly: They kept possession of it three days, till they heard 
that some Continental troops and militia were on march to intercept 
them, then burnt the fort, and returned to the place from whence 
they were sent. The glories of this imf^ortant enterprise, zvc shall, 
iK'ithout doubt f in due time, see fully displayed in the Xen'-Vork Mer- 
cury and London Gazette. 

One of the gallies belonging to the state of Georgia, has, since the 
above affair, taken a scooner in St. Mary's river, laden with rice in 
bulk, destined for St. Augustine." 

Moultrie. — The following additions are offered to the 
Moultrie family history piibhsheil in the last issue of this 
magazine : 

-Died.]" * » * "On the loth Instant. Dr. John Moultrie, aged 71 
years; a Gentleman of Eminence in his Profession, universally be- 
loved in Life, and whose Death is much l:»mentcd." — The South-Caro- 
Una Gazette; And Country Journal, Tuesday, December 17, 1771. 

**The King's Commission hav- 
ing been received, appointing 
the Honourable John Moul- 
trie, Esq ; Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor of His Majesty's Province 
of Georgia, the Council of that 
Province have presented a 
congratulatory .\ddress to that 
Gentlemen, highly complimen- 
tory. at the same Time, to His 
Excellency Governor Grant." — 
The South-Carolina Gazette, 
Thursday, October 24, 1771. 

A Bill of S.\le of Rice, 1762. — The original of the fol- 
lowing bill of sale of rice in 1762 was recently presented 
to the South Carolina Historical Society by Dr. John W. 
Jordan, of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania: 

"The Reader is desired to cor- 
rect two Errors in our last Pa- 
per, under the Charles-Town 
head. viz. — Where the Hon. 
John Moultrie. Esq; ia men- 
tioned as Lieutenant Governor 
of Georgia, read East Flori- 
da/' — Ibid. Thursday, Novem- 
ber 7, 1771. 



Sales of Twenty five whole and seven half Tierces of Rice Imported in 
the Brig". Hawke George Snow Master on Accompt & Risque of M'.. 
Anthony Clarkson of Charles Town South Carolina Viz*. 

■ ' — 



1 — 








Purchasers Names 









Samuel Elliot 
Christ'. Hodge 




at 25/ 
at 27/ 




William Maxwell 

Nathaniel Gilbert 

at do.. 



George Savage 


ai do. 



Es». of James Emra 

at do. 


Es*. of Edward Otto Bayer 
Timothy Clerkley 



at do 
at do. 



Francis Farley 


at do. 



Hunter Morson & Co. 
















—Charges on the above Sales— — 

To freight of 25 whole & 7 half Tierces of Rice * 
13973 *' ^" '°'^ '^°" Consisting of jooo N'.— 44,, 4- 1 
To Cooperage, Wharfage, and Porteridge @ ) 

i&l. ^ Tr». and half Tr». tjd. ( 2,, 2, 

To my Commissions on 172,, 12,, if^ iS? 7j4 ^ C. 

To Anthony Clarkson his Acct. Cur*, for 

I he Nt. proceeds — 

Antigua October yif^.. 1762.— ^ 
Errors Excepted 

Alexr Willock 
Endorsed: M'. Alexand Willock 

.6 7% 

3i sr6 

Antegoa 83 : 5 : 
Alexander Willock 
8»^. November 1760 
Sales of 32 bbls of Rice 


Hugh Smith Thompson, a member of the South Carolina 
Historical Society, died at his residence, 55 East 
53rd Street, New York City, on the night of Sunday, 
November 20, 1904. He was born in Charleston, S. C, 
January 24, 1836. He was reared in Greenville District, 
S. C, where his father, Henry T. Thompson, farmed, at 
the foot of Parris Mountain. He was a grandson of Hon, 
Waddy Thompson, one of the Chancellors of the Court of 
Equity of South Carolina for many years, and a nephew of 
Gen. Waddy Thompson, sometime a member of Congress 
from South Carolina and minister to Mexico during the 
Harrison-Tyler administration. He was graduated from 
the South Carolina Military Academy in 1856, and a year 
later was elected an assistant professor at the Arsenal Acad- 
emy at Columbia, and rose by regular promotion to captain, 
having filled the professorships of French and Belles-Let- 
tres. During the State's Rights War he was transferred to 
the Citadel Academy in Charleston and saw service with 
the battalion of Cadets in Charleston and at other points 
in the State until the end of the war. After the war he 
was elected principal of the Columbia Male Academy and 
brought that institution to a high state of excellence. In 
1874 he was elected president of the Richland Rifle Club, 
the forerunner of the Governor*s Guards militia company. 
The Richland Rifle Club took a prominent part in the trying 
episodes of 1876, and under Thompson's captaiRcy the 
Governor's Guards won the prize at the Inter-State drill at 
the State Fair at Columbia in 1877. On the organization 
of the Richland Battalion he was elected major, com- 
mander, and later was elected colonel of the Palmetto Regi- 


ment, and commanded the provisional regiment which the 
State sent to the Yorktown celebration in 1881. In the 
State Democratic Convention of 1876 he was unanimously 
nominated for State Superintendent of Education, al- 
though not a candidate for the nomination, and was unani- 
mously renominated in 1878 and in 1880, and would have 
been renominated without opposition in 1882 had he not 
withdrawn at the request of leading members of the 
Board of Trustees of South Carolina College, who desired 
to press him for the presidency of the College to succeed 
President Wm. Porcher Miles, who had resigned. He was 
offered the superintendency of the South Carolina Military 
Academy at Charleston in the same year and declined it. 
When the State Democratic Convention met in Columbia in 
1882 there were two announced candidates for the office of 
governor. Quite unexpectedly Hon. W. L. Mauldin, of 
Greenville, nominated Col. Thompson. Hon. E. B. Murray, 
of Anderson, arose and announced that Col. Thompson 
had requested him to say that he was not a candidate and 
could not be a candidate and that if the Convention nomi- 
nated him it would be the wish of the Convention and not 
his. Col. Thompson afterwards sent a peremptory demand 
that his name be withdrawn, but the Convention preferred 
him and he was nominated. He was renominated in 1884 
without opposition and reelected. In t886, at the request 
of President Cleveland, Governor Thompson visited Wash- 
ington, and, shortly after his return to Columbia, the Presi- 
dent offered him the position of United States Commis- 
sioner of Education, but he declined it. On the 28th of 
June, 1886, the President tendered him the appointment of 
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, which he accepted, re- 
signing the office of governor. Owing to the illness of 
Secretary Manning, and, later, to the frequent absence of 
Secretary Fairchild, who succeeded Manning, he was often 
at the head of the Treasury Department. As such head he 
occupied, temporarily, a seat in the President's Cabinet, and 
it fell to him, on more than one occasion, at times of great 
financial crisis in Wall Street, to avert public panic by his 


coolness, foresight and business acumen. During the sitm- 
nier of 1887 ^'^^ Department bought from $10,000,000 to 
$12,000,000 worth of Government bonds. On September 
2 1 St., on the eve of a public crisis, in order to strengthen 
public confidence in the Government, Governor Thompson, 
who was acting as Secretary at the time, suggested to the 
President that a circular be published offering to purchase 
$14,000,000 more of the bonds. When the circular appeared 
on Wall Street the next day the effect was electrical and the 
crisis was averted. After the defeat of the Democratic 
ticket in 1888 President Cleveland nominated Assistant Sec- 
retary Thompson for a position on the Civil Service Com- 
mission, but the Senate failed to confirm his nomination. 
After the inauguration of President Harrison seventy-five 
out of seventy-six United States Senators petitioned the 
President to appoint former Assistant Secretary Thompson 
to the same position and the nomination was accordingly 
sent to the Senate on May 7, 1889, and it was promptly 
ca.ifirmed. When the New York Life Insurance Company 
was reorganized in the spring of 1892, former Secretary of 
the Treasurv Fairchild was made chairman of the board of 
trustees, and, at the same time, the office of comptroller 
was created by the company and was offered to Commis- 
sioner Thompson wlio accepted it, and in this position he 
served until his death. 



Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume I. 1857. $2.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume II. 1858. * $2.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume III. 1859. $4.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume IV. 1887. Unbound, $2.00. Bound, $3.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume V. 1897. Paper, $2.00 

Oration delivered on the third anniversary of the South 
Carolina Historical Society, by James Louis Petigru. 1858. 


Memoir of Professor F. A. Porcher, late President of the 
Society. 1889. 25c. 

Journal of a Voyage to Charlestown in So. Carolina by 
Pelatiah Webster in 1765. Edited by Prof. T. P. Harri- 
son. 1898. Soc. 

The History of the Santee Canal. By Prof. F. A. Por- 
cher. With an Appendix by A. S. Salley, Jr., 1903. 40c. 

The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Maga- 
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Unbound, $4.00. 

Contents: Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Judge William John- 
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the First Council of Safety of the R<.-VMlnti<.)n:iry Trirty in South 
Carolina. June7Novcm!)er, 1775: The P.nll Family nf S'uith Cari-.lina, 
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The South Carolinn ITistoricnl nuA ("Ii'ni':ii"L:ic::l \f;{Li.'i- 

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Unhonn-d, $4.00. 

Contents: Papers of the Fir?t CoMnci! of S-fYty .-.i *J:p Ivevlu- 
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Col. John Laurens to Euroin- in 17^1, I.eiicr I'-i ni i.l- :•. C!.'. ir'. ■)vV.«it 

Gadsden to Mr. Thomas Morris, May joth, 1790; Barnwell of South 
Carolina, Gen. Thaddeus Kosciuszko to Maj. Alexander Garden, 
Col. Miles Brewton and Some of His Descendants, Letters of 
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Col. John Laurens, Captain William Capers and Some of His De- 
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Unbound, $ 

Contents: Papers of the First Council of Safety of the Revolu- 
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and Some of His Descendants, Letters from Hon. Henry Laurens 
to Ills Son John, 1773-1776; Col. Moses Thomson and Some of His 
Descendants, The Harlestons. Papers of the Second Council of 
Safety of the Revolutionary Party in South Carolina, November, 
1775-^^s.rch, 1776: Otlicers of the South Carolina Regiment in the 
Cherokee War, 1760-61; Capt. John Colcock and Some of His De- 
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Car(dina Historical Society. Xecrolopy. Index. 

The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Maga- 
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Unbound, $4.00. 

Contents: Papers of the Second Council of Safety of the Revolu. 
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Descendants of Col. William Rliett. of South Carolina; Letters of 
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The South Carolina tlistorical and Genealogical Maga- 
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Unbound, $4.00. 

CoxTENT.s: Letters from Hon. Henry Laurens to His Son John, 
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Address A. S. SALLEY, Jr., Sec. and Treas., 

Charleston, S. C. 

1-H E 







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Correspomleiice iKtWLcii llmi. Henry Laiifons and liiij 

Son, .loliii. 1777-17M0 47 

Rucirda ul'ihe Regiments irf tlic S. C. Line, Ooiflinen- Estitblishnjiiiit o3 

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I II ■ in ■■ 

The South Carolina 

Historical and Genealogical 


York Tuwn i*' Jan'. 


► LAUREN'S AND Ills SOX. .lOIIX, 1777-17ml. 
[Continued from Ike Janwiry number.] 


Addreastd: L'. Cul°- John Laurens.. 
^B Valley forge Cump- 

My Dear Son— 

Your friend & felluw Soldier DuPlussie leaves 
York Town with a heart full ol' happineaa as yours & mine 
used to be when M'. Staytape had brought home the New 
Coat — he will tell you everything. 

More time will he re<iuired for me to consider the propriety 
of your echenie IWr raising a bhiL-k llegiment, than you seem 
to have taken for conferting the prnject — there is nothing' 
reasonable, which you can airk i I refuse — I will not refuae 1 
this, if after mature deliberution you will say it is reason- 
able — but before you can mature sueh a plan many con-. 
sideratioMs are to be had which I am persuaded have not 
yet taken place in your mind — a Work of this importance 
must be entered ujioii with Ciiutioii & great ciroumspection, 


Otherwise a Man will be reduced to the ridicoloas state of 
the Fox who had lost his Tail. 

This is a very serious k important afiair which shall have 
every proper degree of respect paid to it in my future con- 
templations A we will determine when we meet — ^I will close 
the subject at present by a frank declaration that I am more 
inclined to give than to leave you an Estate — it cuts rae 
deep when I allow my self to think the chance for the latter 
is rather against me. — 

Congress last Xight confirmed an Act consisting of much 
recital iS: many Resolutions, calculated for retaliating the 
Injuries k Insults oftered by the Enemy to the Inhabitants 
of these States when made Prisoners — this when the Secre- 
tary's Clerks are pleased to Copy — will be transmitted & 
published in your Camp — 
My dear Son I pray God to keep you — Henry Laurens. 

Endorsed by John Laurms: 22* Jan'^. 1778. 

Endorsed by Henry Laurens: H. L. to J. 

York Town 22*. Jan^ 1778 


Addressed: Lieut*. Colonel John Laurens 

Head quarters 
Valley forge Camp- 

York Town 25 January 

My Dear Son— ^ 

M'. DuPlessis who went from York I be- 
lieve on Friday did roe the honour to bear a Letter to you — 
I did not tell you then that the Marquis delafayette is ofiered 
a Command upon an intended expedition into Canada 
which will separate him from the General — there can be 
nothing else intended but honour to the Marqaia ft benefit 

p the Public. — (jOiR-ral (.'ninmy i> voted aecoiid in Com- 
EQaiid k General Starke lliinl. 

General Conway vallcil on niu .V snt an hour, he introtluceil 
the unhappy dispute subsiatinjc with the General, & assured 
me there were no such words in his Letter to Gen. Gates us 
those ijuoted by the General — this he had learned from G. 
Gates he had not kept a Copy of his Letter — pniy can you 
explain thia Mystery — but you know tis not my wisli or de- 
sire to pry improperly into the ati'airs of other Men — thift 
itidcc<l may be called u public atlair & I am afraid will be- 
come very public — but as one party lias appealed to niu Si. 
the friends of the other delivered their sentiments, I have 
some Claim upon each to inform me truly. — 
Hy the continual passing of Officers from your ('amp one 
would think you had all broke up fur the holj-days — what 
vondiiion are you in ? do you ever exercise your thoughts 
on that question, or do you go r>n like an honest fearless 
nninquisitive unsuspecting Lad ? 

My Dear Son. I pray God, give 

^' You Wisdom A protect you 

^^ from Snares — , 

' Henry Laurens, 

L', Col", John Lntirens — , 

Hidorsed hy John Laurens: 25" Jau'. 1778, 
&idorseU by Henry Laurens : H. L. to J. L — , 

York town 25-. Jan: 1778 


York Town 

6". Febry 1778. 
My Dear Son— n 

Your favor of the 2*. Ins*, came to hand late 
It Night,' BB you have filled six Pages on the Kegro schetne 
21U Armjf CorreapondetiM of Cot^ttelJohnLaurem, pp. 114-118. 


without apprnacliing towards a plan & Batimate — & as 
have totally overlooked every other subject on which I hft*|l 
addressed you in several late Letters — the coiiclasi 
your whole mind is enveloped in the Cloud of that proje* 
ifl unavoitlable — if any good shall arise from a prosecution 
of it — the merit will b« solely youra — for now, I 
undertake to say there is not a Man in America < 
joor opinion Nay you will not be of your own opinioK 
after a little reflection — 'tis evident you want to raise | 
Kegiment, as evident you have not digested a plan — admit 
ting, which I admit only for argument, you have a right t 
remnve a Man from one state of Slavery into another — or I 
yon iilease into a state of servitude which will he esteemoi 
by him infinitely worse than Slavery — what right have jw 
to exchange A Barter, "Women & Children" in whom yoi 
prelind to say you have 110 property? — 
The very same observation may he made with respect I 
the Men — for you have either property in them, oryou have ' 
not — admitting the latter which you seem to acknowledge, 
n|>on what ground of justice will you insist upon their in- 
listing for Soldiers, as the condition of their enfrancbise- 
loent. — if they are free — tell them so — set them at full 
liberty — & then address them in the language of a recruiting 
OffictT to any other free Men — & if, four in forty take yoar 
in1i?ting bounty, it will be very extraordinary, this small 
nnmbcr will do it throngh ignorance & three of the four be 
ruturned as Deserters in a very short time — 
All this by no means intimates that I am an Advocate for 
Slavery — you know I am not, therefore it is unnecessary to 
attempt a vindication — 

The more I think of & the more I have consulted on, yoar 
scheme, the less I approve of it — Wisdom dictates that I 
slionld rather oppose than barely not consent to it — batlo- 
diilgencu & friendship warranted by Wisdom, bids me let 
you take you own course & draw selfconviction — therefore 
lionie fiirward Young Colonel, proceed to 80 Carolina you 
ahall have an full authority over all my Negroes as justice 



3 jour Brother it Sisters & a very little coiisidtrfttioii for 
fay self will permit you to exertise — &. so fur du wliut you 
blease A na you [ileiise without regard to S'. Mary Axe — 
JTou want a Rejiimeiit that's certuiii, jtn to (.'uroliniL &. I will 
Hmrrant you will soou ^nt one, I will venture to ssiy, sootier 
I any other Man of my aci"|Uiiiiitance — ynu will hav« 
many advuntagea — in ruiainj? a Uc-;iinn!nt of While Mvn. 
EOi) the Journey you may think fully & eoiivcrsc with mauy 
worthy sensible Men, on your fnvorite idea — when you ar- 
rive in Charles Town you will have further advantages, if 
Eyou are diaposed to receive theiii, from the sentiments of 
I jour most judicious friends — Your own good sense will di- 
Irect you to proreed warily in op)x>sing the opinions nf 
Ivhole Nations — lest icttkout effecting nn^i ij>jody yon beeome 
Iftbye word, & he so transmitted, to Your Children's Chil- 
[ dren — 

l^ve me a day's Notice previous to your appearance here in 
I order that an apartment may be provided for you if possible — 
I for it is barely possible to obtain one — , 
My Dear Son 

I pray God protect you 
& add to your knowledge 
k learning, if it he necessary, 
discretion — 

Henry Laurens, 

■X'. Col°. John Laurens — 

iTour friend Fleury this moment takes leave of me k in 

IjKiuring freely a thousand good wishes — drops a few to you 

1 particular k desires I would tell you so — with some diffi- 

mlty he obtained leave to pursue the Marquis but failed in 

a to Climb Rank — 

The hearer of this will deliver two more Camp Shirts, I 

t two 4; a piece of Scarlet Cloth lately by Barry — it gives 

I some little trouble to collect k send forward these 

things, why will you not be ao ki nd as to take the very little 

which is necessary barely to acknowledge the Receipt of 



I have often re^neeted this & liave assigned soch gtxfl' 
reasons tor the necessary Check as I should have thought 
abstracted from the Idea of humouring an old & good 
friend, would have made a proper impression upon a Mao 
of so much accuracy as I perceive yon are when you trans- 
act business for or correspond with any body but poor me— 

Endorsed by John Lamms: 6" Febr". 1778. 

-t^idorsed hy Henrn Jjnurem : H, L to J, L-^ 

York town 6". Feb: 1778 

[ To be co7iti»ued in (he next niiinher of this magazine.] 


[CuHi,.a.,l f,..,„ II: .1, ,// I,l,:\ 

[OFt'lCEIiti OF THE 2X1i. liEuIJIEM. IT"!'.] 

MiiJDr Iliirle^loii— Dou'. 30".. 177s— 
Caj.f. -Miizvck— May ^-i\. 1777— 

Wurioj— Ow' 21!" . 1777- 


Buker— Ai.iil :i.V. 177« 

Pnwonii— 27— 177X 

Mnsdii— Nov': 25".. 177R— 

Gray— T)w'. 30".. 1778— 

KoUsiii— .Tilly 13'^.. 177« 
Kolb— 15'".. 1778 

Lnngtijrd— Ocl". 3'. 177S— 
FricMuii Marcli-9"..l 77!i- 
Evnnes— Aug: 18'\ 17711 
Ogicr- 4.. 7!^ 

Legare— Out' : ii 1770 
Ihinlntr- Feb: 24".. 1780 

Ilprt— 28 17H0 

Mazyck— Mi.rcli 17x0 


Pay XIaalor Gray — 
.Ter'':Tlinii8— Aug: 2'. 1777 
Matt- Syh S|.riiiirer— .f liik' 2 




A rum return for the OfSeers of tho 2*. S*. Carolina Keg', 
from March the 20"= to Ap'= 18 Both Inclusive 1780 

1 Colonel ^H 

1 Major 30 jells ^H 

7 Captains 210 -d'. ^H 

7 Lieutenants 210 -d". ^H 

1 Paymaster 30 -dv ^M 

2 Surgeon & Miitc- 60 -d". ^M 

540 jells H| 

Captains to Draw Rum & Sugar Hum due from 20"= 
March & Sugar from Ap'. 10* 

Capt. Moultrie Subalterns ^H 

Mazyck "- , ' ^^| 

Warley Foissin ^^^ 

Baker Kolh ^H 

Provaux ajiiadar * , „ , ^^P 

,, due f mn lotb > LanEctord ■ 

Maeon *eu(r«r»]M- \ ° 

Gray Foiasin joined Ap' 12 




I Gills Laiigtord 
I Gilla — Frittraon 




[a KETUBN of the pICK i}V THE 2N[>. KEfllMENT.] 

■ A Weekly Rc'tuni uf y. Sick in y. i'. Keg'. ..C Si.iitli Curo- ^ 
liim Infantry Com mnmlfd l»y Cul. Fr". .Miiriuti 

1 ..„ , 

























April— 23'. 1780— Jli: Them— SiiriC. J" !{<- 

L. [31-] 

P*' [l'iiarge at a court martial.] 

At a Heg'. Court Martial held ii'. April 17H0 l>>- ordi^r Maj 

Cap'. Moultrie, Preaideiit 
Lieu'". Ogier & Legarw, Members. 
PriBont'r, Alirahnni Anderson contined hy Maj'. HarlestOD 
on snapicion ot Theft from Peter L:ippin 

S8 so. Pi. msTonciL xycrs ovrsALOGicAL MAOAXDrB. 



B 5 2 

^ ~ 


; R 

;2a : 




s a 


15* :i: 

: : : ' 
: : :| 





1 ■ 




1 : ^ , 


: ; : a ; 

"1 i 


1 ih ^ 

\ III « : 

s ■ 





: a 




e • 1 






[fiRIOAt'E ORDERS, MAY 1, 1780.] 


The Commaixliiig Officers of th« Scvenil IJatteriea on tin*] 
Lines are requested to scnil the return!* for the Supjily Of ] 
Aiu munition cvury Mornino; l»y NiiieOUit»ckii3 nieiitioneo 1 
in tbe Orders of 2o"'. A|i'. — those who are regardless of 1 
Orders and this particular |«>iiit lil'dutj'. on w". not only | 
Ilioir own post: but also the Siifuty of ihu wliolc (larrisotf j 
depends, must expect to bo ropoitod to tbe General 
Lieiitenuiit Coll". Grimke'-s Corps will furnish conwlnutly aiP j 
Orderly Serjeant to attend at the Horn "Work A he relieve*? 1 
Every Xfoniinir at Onard Moiinlini; May!*'. 17S0 i \ 



Gen : Moultrie will he ohliged to Maj : 1 larleston to order 
a Seri': & twelve Prinitcs to tskc in charye [lireiik] from 
Captain [hreak] battery to [break of several words] Captaiu 
[break] battery 

A: MMiiieen 
A: de 



[a recbipt for aktillsrv stores.] 

Received May 1". 1780. from Lieut. Coil". Grin 

lowing Artillery Stores nt Battery N' 4 — , 

1 — 18 pounder on field Carriage 

1 — 4 jiouniler-a field piece 

30 Cartridges re-idy filled, includiug 

ouc in The Gun — 
fi7 niund Bull & Rammer 1 Apron 

1 eaddle 
4 Grope Shott includ' one charged 
^ hbe Cannon powder of ' each 
J" Keg priming powder 

2 powder Horns & pric-kera 

Wadding for 1S'= 

18 round Shott \ 

3 Cases fixed Animunilion for brass top d° above f 

S Cases ditto d°. Canister 63 Rounds 
Tubes & portfires — 2 Linstocks 
I Spunge Staft' for 4'^ pounder 



Addressed : Maj Harleaton 

2 Regim"- 


Cflpt Coninat ia not ia Camp, I Coseave you at fall Lilj 
erty Tu send the Spadts as it was a Gen' order. 

from D Maj your Hum 
2 May 1780 W-. Hendera 




SiiLiir. Cffeo 

II.. Hi. 

Belivereil Cup'. -MazvL-k :U 25 

D". Oiiul.iir II. 25 

!)•. linker .III. 25. 

D-. rroviiiix 411. 25 

I)-.— M«.i.ii II.— 3 

D-.— Urnv .iO. 25 

D'. Hoiix .ill. 25 

D-. Miuliii — 25 

D-— Ciipirs .VI. 25 

I>— r«lrie 5". 25 

D-- Wiirlej ,MI. 25 

D-- Koll) I'. 3 

D-. Foisriii 44. 11 

D-. O^er nil. G 

]>. Legnre !i. 18 

1>. EvmiB lo- — 

D*. Hart s. 4 

D*. TheiiE 41. 11 

D*. Spriii^tr 41. U. 

Tea', from Coll. Marion's Imuse .May 3'. 17H0— '■ jil.uul 35" 

Sugar k 12" Coflee 



Clia-T..ivii May 11. 1780 

You will please to give to Col°. GrinikcL' Sucli number 
of men from the buttery you have in charge as lie Rhall ctdl 

I am D Sir your Ohdt Serr' 
B Lincoln 
Maj Hsrleston 

"Hay 3rd. could not have be«n th« date of the preparinK of the 
mbove report, for there are names thereon of officerB who had resigned 
before that date. 


[a BBTOBK of the 0FP1CBB8 OF THE 3D, BBQT.] 

''Eetarn of the officers in 8*. S'. C. reg* 

Cap'" — F. Warley Servants 

J. C. Smith John Peterkin 

J. Warley Jo". Hajnea 

U. Goodwyn W". Chapman 

J. Buchanan Jii°, Campbell 

J Baker Ja*. White 

F Farrer Jac*.. Brunsin 


R'. Pollard Wm. Myrack 

Lieute. J. Goodwyn 8am'. Kelley — 

A. Smith Peter M Grew 

M. MGuire Elijh. MGuire 

W". Love Tho'- Douglas 

ly. Ja". Martin Jn°- Cauldwell 

Officers — 14 Servants — 12 
Taylor 1 

Tctal 13 
2* June 1780 
Felix Warley Capt. Com. 
8 Keg* 




'^ilflrtsseri : Miijor Harlestoii 

of tlic 2". ]{'- So. Caro= 
Haddrell's Point 


I have laid your Request before Gen'. I'literson, 
the Commandant, who tells me he cannot i/cl grnnt the Iil- 
dul^nce you wish for — but will consider of it. It will givu 
me pleasure to serve you in that or any other Mntter, — ninl 
I shall assuredly wait the earliest Opportunity to do *c» — 
with regard I am, 

D', Sir, 
Your most obedient Serv. 

Geo: Turner 
btjor Harleeton 

[ To he continued in iicrt mim/icr 'if (Id'- imiffusifi.'j 


By HBuay A. M, Smith. 

Aliout twenty-six mileg from the city of Cbarleston; 
the north bank of the Aahley River, and about nix inilee 
a aouthweBtwardly direction from the railroad ilfjiot in 
present town of Summerville can be seen an old t-burt 
lower with an overgrown disuseil graveyard around it, aadi 
eomc two hundred paces farther on — on the edge of tbca 
river — are the walk of nit old fort, vonetructed of that mit-f 
ture of shells in lime mortar formerly called "tapia" 
"tabby".* These two conspicuous objecta, with so 
scattered and shapelesB masses of brick at irregular intervalBj| 
marking the flitoa of former liouaee, are all that remains c 
the town of Dorchester, once a comparatively flourishing 
hamlet in the Low-Country of South Carolina, but whid 
with the leaser hamlets of Jamestown, New London t 
Will town, Jackson borough, Purrysburgh and Somerton,andB 
the atiti losaer, or only projected, villagea of Radnor, AshlejH 
Ferry, Childsbury and Chatham, has ao long been desertet 
that its story has been nearly forgotten, and its very sitl 
nearly obliterated. 

In the caee of Dorchester ila frequent mention in hiatorifii 
of the Revolution of 1775-1783 in South Carolina; the fact 
that it gave its nnme to one of the ecclesiastical and political 
divisions of the Province and State, viz: the parish of St. 
G-eorge, Doreheater, joined to its vicinity to the town c 
Summerville have conspired to preserve its name, the tn 
dition of its former existence, and the place of its location, 
but beyond this practically nothing else is generally known 
concerning itd history. It haa cost no little lime and labour 
tn dig out of vaniahing records the following account of its., 
origin and fitte. 

■Often spelled "tapia" in early recorda.— Editor. 

nil i>f it8.^_ 



lite of tlic old villiigu <ii' Doreliistcr ia on u neck or 

[Ktiiitiaulu of land )iot\vvL-ii tliu AsliK-y Uivlt inul a cretk now 
callud Dorclifstcr (Vuik. TliUcrvtk wns urii;iiia]ly known 
iw liufllioe, ur Bowiia Crci'k. It i« L-iillid now Hose Crook, 
where it crosses the ruail from Suininervilk- to Ihircliuster; 
Newiiigltiii Orei.'k, or f^wnniii, a litiK- hi,L'hLr u|i, where it 
erosscs the road from Siimmervi1]i.' to liat-onV Itrid^uitiid 
curves through the ohl Axtell, nr BlakL. |>laiitati<>h styled 
Newiiigloii (the noilLcrii jiurt of wliicli is now Dr. C. U. 
Shcjidrd'd tea liinn), and tiually is knnwii iis the iiaw Mill 
liraneh where it furma the soiitliiiistcrn liouiidaiy of the 
town of Sunimcrville. 

A little below the jioint whtrc JJuichi'sler Creek de- 
bouches into A«hley River, another creek called Kugl«"r! 
Crock also ciuiities into the Ashie^v — tliis lust creek deriving 
its name from one liiehard Eayle, whu, aliont 17-i4, )ios- 
sesHcd the tract of laud where the puldic loai] eri<i>sed the 

The region ahout the nmntlis of liicau two creeks — ch- 
[lecittlly about the jieninsnln between Uonihestcr Creek and 
Aalilcy River — was known by ihc- Indiiin nmne ui 

It was first ;,'riinled I" .lolin Sniirli, wit., on :^ritli N'l.vcni- 
Iwr, 167*), oblaiiied a irnmt for l,xw acn^ e-.vering this 
)ieninfiula and Iho site of the future vilhijre.' lie was a man 
of coiiBideruble estate who liml arrived in I'lirolina in 1<J76 
with hiawifennd family and esiiucially reeoninicnded bythc 
Earl of Shufteabiiry'Dsniy |iartieu!ar friend'' with directiouK 
tliat he be allowed to take uji a inai lor in some snitabje |>htcu. 
John Smith wart snbse^iuently a momber of the (iratid Cmin- 
cil and waa created a Cassiqiic, and died in ViH. From the 
name of the locality in whieh bis ^runt was ijiluated lie wue 
styled "John Smith, of Boo-shoo".* 

The meaning of thia Indian term is nnknuwn save that 

ISec'y State's office, Vol. ; 
iSec'y State's office, (Iran 
Hiat. Soc., Vol. v., p. 470. 




the termination "ee" or "e" aeeme to have eome coouectioal 
with water — viz: Peedee, Santee, Wateree, Uongaree, OSiU 
pah-oe, etc., etc. 

The creek near the village of Mt. Pleaeanl, now called 
Sheni, was originalty Sheiu-ee Creek.' 

The land included in the grunt in 1678 to Arthar Mirf 
illeton of 1,780 acres on Goose Creek (on a part of which 
the present Olrantocliib-hoiise stands) ia called "Yeslioe",' 
and in thu grant to .Tames Muore ol 2,400 acres on Foster's 
Creek in 1683, the lands are described as known by th*— 
Indian names of Boo-chaw-ee and Wapensaw,' The India) 
name of Foster's Creek was Appee-hee." 

The appellation Boo-shoo-ec was not confined to the siti 
of the futnre village on the riverside, but was applied to thl 
low land in the vicinity as "Boshoe Swamp" and generaH; 
to the whole tract or plantiition of 1,800 acres. 

It is spelt very vnriouBly in the old deeds and plnta, V 
Boasoo, Boshoe, Bosho, Uoosho, Booshooe, Boosoo, Boesc 
Boseua, Boocbaw-ee, etc. 

The high land or blutF on the river where the village n 
afterwards located was, at the time of ita location and aftej 
wards, an "old fiidd" and probably the site of the tirat clei 
ing and settlement of John Smith. 

John Smith, of Boo-ahoo, died prior to December, 1C81 
as in December, 1682, hia widow, Mary, married Arthu] 
Middleton, and on tlie death of the latter, about 1684, mil* 
ried Ralph Izard.' 

John Smith seems to huve left no children, and in some 
way his grant for 1,800 acres must have lapsed to the State 
or the method of a new grunt must have been adopted so as 
to confer a good tille. for in the year 1696 this same 1,800 
Bcrea ia re-granted to the settlera who were to confer upon 
it the name of DorchL'stor. 

3M. C. O., CharlcBton. Bk. U. 7. p. 87. 

*Sec'y State's off. Grant Bk. 1696-1703, p. 92. 

>Sec'y State's off. Vol. 38 (Prop. Granta). p. 209. 

•Sec'y State's off. Vol. 17, Miscellaneous, p. 100, 

TSec'y SUU's off. Vol. "Grants, eU.. 1704-1708", p. 250. 



The history yf llic town and townsliip (so-called) of Dor- 
clieatcr, iti South Caruliiiii, hu^iiis with Ihu iiiiitiigrutioii 
thither of a smull coluiiy from tliu towimliiji ufUorchesler, 
id the then Province of'Massachiieetta liay. 

The (earliest rcconl notice is in the reeonls ot llm First 
iChtireh ut Doruheater, in Now Kii>{liinil. 

On those reeonls it u)>jiears that on tliu ^Olh October, 
[1695, Joseph Lord, tncrcawu Sumner and William I'rutt 

fere "dismissed", (*. f. tranHfuircO, from tiiat ehnruh for 
**Y' gntherinji of A cljnreli for >' tSoiith Ooraiinu"" 

Two days later, 2nd October, lti!l5, we read : 
"ocktober y 22 being ower lecktuer day wua sett a|iiirl for 
the ordering of M'. .[osei>h lord for to be partner to A 

church gathered that day for to , 
scttell the gospel! thcr and the nann,-! 
Joshua Brooks 1 .■ c . i 

Nathaniel IJillings ) " 
_ William Norman 

to South Oinit'.inu to 
of y men are tlieis 

BtTilliam Adumi 

"Increase Summ^ 

William Pnitt 

George Foxe 

Simon Baken 

Coral i. 




thes with M'. Josei>h lord did enter into u most nolem 
Covenant to sett up the ordinances of Jesus Christ tlior if 
the lord curyed them safely thither aeeordin Ui gospell truth 
Hrlthe a very large profeson of tlier fiiithu".*' 
" One William Norman had some yeara hefure, viz: on 
22nd September, 1684, obtained the customary survey jire- 
parntory to a grant trum the Lords Proprietors of Carolina 
for 320 acres of land, whieh was located on the Aahky 
River, on the northeast side, about three miles aliove the 

^Reeordg of the First Chureh at Dorchester, New England, published 
■ 1S91, p. 13. 
7 «Tbid. p. \m. 


spot where the rilUge of Dorchester was sfterwarda laid 
oat, i. e. aboTe the old Boo-ehoo Bettlement. 

This WUliKin Kormaa was probably the one of that nam« 
mentiooed id ihe above list as of Carolioa. Pose'ibly to hia 
deaire for neighboarB of congenial apiritaal and Bocial d\e- 
poaition was due the origioml snggeetioo of the colonjr. Of i 
the reat of the li8t,Joehaa Brooke, Nathaniel Billings, Qeorge 
Fox and Simon Dakeii do not appear, from any records we 
have, to have ever aettled in Carolina — at least their iiiimua 
nowhere appear among the actual land-owners at Dorobea«< 

There are two other references to the settlement in the 
records of the Dorchester Charch lu MassacbnttettB. 

"December 5", 1695 — The church for Carolina set sail 
from Boston Dec 14" ut night the skift'waa neer run and', 
water y* Stormy wind heing so buisteroua. they kept a day 
of pray on board: & safely Landed at Carolina Decemb' y* 
'20** y* otii' vesaelts had a Monelhs Passage this but about 14' 

"Feb': 2* Then was y first Sacrament of y* Lorda Supper' 
that ever was Celebrated in Carolina Eight persons re« 
ceived besides Such us were of y* Church by virtue of 
ComuuioD of Cburches, and there was Oreat Joy among y* 
Good People of Curolina * many Thanksgivings to y* 

And again : 

"Nov. 1, 1696, Dencuu Sumu'd wife fc family k His Broth' 
Samuel Sumn' with bis wife & family with Peter O Kellys 
wife k six children Dismissed to y' Church of Christ near 
Kewingtou in South Carolina (since called Dorchester)"." 

The first of these entries, viz: that of December 5tb, 1695, 
was evidently made after its nominal date, as it mentions 
the date of Bailing, the 14lh, nine days after the apparent 
date of the entry. The expression as to the "other vessels" 


must refer to ^-cssela other tliaii the one that carried the 
"Church", iia we shall see presently by Elder Pratt's diary 
tliere was but one vessel which at that time conveyed the 
members of" the Cliurch. It only marks the contrast beliveon 
the quick pnssuge of the vessel that carried the '"Church" 
and the time taken by other vis»i;ls wliicli sailed about the 

line time. 

The statement as ro the communion celebrated on the 2d 
'ebruary. 1C05/6, bying the first tvcr celebrated in Cftrnliiia 
ifl entirely erroneous. There had existed in Charles Town 
fi>r many years before tliat dme the Church of Kiighmd, 
known as 8t. I'hilip'i*, on the site where St. Michael'M 
("hurch now stands; also a "Meeting" House, or a Congre- 
gutiunnl Church, upon Meeting Street, sui>p03ed upon the 
present site of the Circular Church, as w-ell as a Huguenot, 
or French Protestant Church, on or neiir tlic site of the 
present French Protestant Church, on a lot orijrinally 
granted to one Michael Lnvinge, a carpenter, and which 
having been sold by Lovinge to Arthur Middleton wns by 
the latter's widow with her husband, Ralph Izard (whom 
«hc married after Middleton's death). Bold to Jiinicj N ichotls 
the 5th May, 1687, "for the us-e of ihecommoMalty of the 
'reiich Church in Charleston".'* 

There can be no possible doubt but that communion had 
n repeatedly celebrated in these churches according to 
r respective rituals long before the emigraliou from Dor- 

iCBtcr, Massachusetts. 

The entry of lat November, 1696, is worthy of note as 

lowing that the name "Newington", wliich was the name 

Ten to the plantation of Mrs. (generally stjlcd "Dame" or 
Fttdy") Rchc-cea Axtell, ihe widow of Landgrave Daniel 

xtfill, had come into general use, evidencing that she had 
iir aomc time been settled there. 

We have ii: the diary of Elder Pralt—the William Pralt 
Snenti.nicd in the Dorchester (Mass.) Church entry of 22d. 
t)etober, 1095 — an acconnt of the voyage of the party from 
(.uSec'y Stat«'a off. "Gnuita, etc, 1704-1708", p. 2S0. 


Boston to Chark'8 Town. This, as being from firathandj 
morv authentic tlmn tlio entry in the church record of DecrJ 
ft, Ifiya, made ("rum information. 

EMor Pratt's diary, as a pK-ture of the time, would, san 
for its lenjTth, be w.irlhy of production here in full. It haifl 
been Dubfttantiully all priitted by the Rev. .Jutaea Staccy, in] 
Ilia Jlisfori/ of ihf Midicaj/ Omi/reffafional Church, Jji/'cr^m 
(hunt//, Gforffia, printed in 1899, at Newnan, Georgia. 

Tho originut diury is now in the poaeession of one of 1 
dur Pratt'a desccndautB, Mr. Joshua Eddy Craue, of Bridgi 
port, Muds. 

BuroniariKcd, KIder Pratt's diary gives the account of tii^ 
Niiiling of the "('hiirch that was gathered in order to carrfm 
y gtiflpcl ordinance to South Carolina" from Boston oul 
Dec. 5, lt!{)6, in one veBsel (not two as bus been errooeoualja 
Rtuted). They lind good weather until ihe 9tb, wheu th^l 
encountered a gale, but from a favorable direction, and aft 
it8 abatement made such progress as to get into Charley 
Town harbour on the 20lh December, They wereweleomei" 
with a Biilute of 9 guns, "which was more than ub all", 
wore very kindly entertained on shore. 

After II week in tlie town he "was carried by water up t 
M', Normuns — Increase Sumner and I were kindly receive! 
and entertained by tlie Lady Axtel" and tbo' two other meri 
wore cndcnvuuring to get into favour with y' lady and othei 
neighbours and to obtain the land at Ashley River" yel 
the lady and others of the neighbours were more kindly im 
p<>Hed to them. 

The minister, Mr. Lord, and others of the "Chorch" w 
had remained in Charles Town were urged by "y* Lieut:) 
General Blake" and many others" to settle at New London'* 
and had gone to Landgrave Morton's near that,pln< 

i»Of Newington. 

'♦Joseph Blake. Governor and Proprielor, then residing on hia plan 
tation called "PlBinBfield", on Stono River, near New Cut. 
isOn Pon Pon River, generally known as Willtown. 



"Elder Pratt and bis companion also went to Landgrave 
Morton's (o view the land at Ntw London, and there Elder 
Pratt gave Mr. Lord his preference for Ashley River, and 
the litlter agreed «ith him. 

Prom Liindgrave Morton'a they returned, stopjiing first 
lit "Mr. Curlises" and then at "Mr. Gilhosons" and Qovr. 

"We were very kindly entertiiined at every place where 
we came. We heard of some of those thatcumo from New 
England that liad been guilty of gross miscarriages w' was 
a trobel to ua". 

They stayed in Charles Town, and tijtn "after this M'. 
Lord and some of y* church came up to Ashley river unci 
upon y" Sabeth after being y' 2fi"' of January M' Lord 
precht at M'. Normans house upon that text in 8 Rom, 1 
vrs. There were many that came to hear of y' neighbours 
round about and guve diligent attention. The second day 
of February being Sabath day M', Lord precht at Ashley 
river upon y' text 1 Pet: 3: 18. Must of y' neighbours curoe 
1:0 bear all y' next neighbours anil scvtjrul persons tame 
about 10 mill's to hear. The Sacrament of y- Lords Supper 
was administered y' day and 2 deacons chosen. At this 
time there wae great joy among the good people". 

Elder Pratt in this .contemporaneous entry docs not claim 
the communion administered on the 2d. February, 1696, as 
the tirat celebration of the Lord's Supper ever had in Caro- 

The first assertion of this appears in the entry made in 
the records of the church at Dorchester, Massachuaette, as 
of 2nd Ftbrunry, 1696, evidently made by the person who 
kept the records from communicalions from Carolina. 
Thence it seems to have crept into a farewell sermon 
preached by the Rev. Mr. Danforth when a year later Elder 
Pratt (having in the meanwhile returned to New England) 
again embarked for Carolina. This sermon seems to have 
been printed iu 1697, and is cit^ed in Holmes's American 




Aitiialf for the atalenieiit {(iiidor A. D. 1H96) "the regular 
ail mill iittratioii of the ordiiiRticeB of the Gospel hail not been 
iiilroduecil into Cnruliiiii luitil this jeiir", ami "there being; 
withall ill ull that cuiiTitrj- neither onluined niiuister nor any 
c-hureb ill full Goapel order", as stuted by the Rev. Mr, 
Gilderslccve in hin coiitury sermon preached at Midway, iu 
(icorgin, in 1797, upon the authority of Mr. Diinforth's son 

The statement ie repeated in the Rev. Mr. Howe'a Hi-'tfiTl 
of the Prcshiikrl'iii Chirch h South Carufiiia, but with thq 
(|iinlif](.-ation that its correctness is contested. 

Kldcr Pratt loft Charles Town to return to New Englaml 
oti 8th February, 109(i. A year Inter ho sailed from Boetoa 
with bis family to return to Carolina. lie sailed from Boa- 
ton on the 8th January, lliflf>-7, and left Nantasket on thrf 
15th. They enounterod ii very stormy passage, and only 
reached land on the 23rd of February. He does not etata 
if any others of the "Church" than hi» own family camO 
with him, hut as the records of the Massachusetts churcb 
show that two months previous, viz: November 1, 161)0, 
Deacon Sumner's wife and family, and his brother, Samuct 
Sumner, with his wife and family, with Peter O'lvelly'a 
wife and six ohilJren, had been dismissed to the church' 
near Newington, since called Dorchester, in all probability" 
they accompanied Elder Pratt on this second voyage, anil 
with the latter and his family, eoneisling uf his wife, £liza>9 
both Baker Pratt, and daughter, TImukful Pratt, constituted; 
the departing friends to wliom the Uev. Mr. Dnnforth ad-i 
dressed bis valedictory sermon printed in 1697. The eon- 
fusion made of these two departures is also evidently th^ 
origin of the elutoment in Mr. Howe'a history that the3^ 
sailed on the 14th December, 1()95, in two small vessels/ 
whereas Ekkr I'ratt, in his eoiitemporaiieous diary mention^ 
but one. 

During Elder Pratt'i* absence in New England the land ^" 
had boon finally secured. On 7th July, 1696, a grant was 
made to John Steveus ot the very 1,800 acres, known as 


Soo-shoo, formerly granted to Joliii Smith." Another tract 
«f 2,250 acres lay to tlie west of the Boo-ch'H) timt on the 
Ashley Kiver, filling tlie intervening space bttivccn ilio line 
irf the grant to John Smith tind tlie 320 jicre grunt to Wm. 
•JJormnn and the Newingtoii grant «{ Linly Axtcll. Thin 
had apparently heen granted or transferred to, and was in 
tiie possession of a Mr. liose, aiwl whb knnwii as "Uosc'h" 
or "Rose's land". Exiictly how this was ohtaitR-d from Rose 
or why new grants wire made the record does not diseloHu, 
but on the 1st Feliraary, 1699-1700, two new grants were 
Issued to John Stevens, one for the 1,800 acres, or Uoo-shoo 
tract, and the other for the 2,2o0, ()r "Jtose's" tract— 4,050 
acres in alln. 

These grants altho' issued to John Stevens, individnully, 
were for the henctit of the intending settlers of the "Chnreh", 

the detds made by John Stevens to them soon show. 

Elder Pratt and .he rest of the "Church" having arrived 
In February, 1697; the land procured was divided. Elder 
Pratt states in his diary: 

The 23* of March in the year 1697 the church and 
trthers that were concerned did draw loots tlie 24"' day that 
■11 meet together to stake out and mark their loots in the 
trading town on both daya when they met together on 
tiiose occasions there was love aud amity and peace in what 
Was acted" 

The division was then mude and determined by lot. The 
^lace styled by the Elder "the trading town" was what was 
■fterwurds known as the village of Dorchester, which on the 
dild niap ts stated to have heen Inid out us a place of trade. 
A map and division was made of the whole 4,050 acres, and 
le term Dorchester, or Township of Dorchester, was uji- 
plied to Ihe whole, the village site being only the place of 
Bude in Dorchester. The old name Booshoo, however, long 
'fnrvivcd. In the deeds from John Stevens the tract of 
4,050 acres is always (lescribed as consisting of two tracts, 

HSec'y State's off. Vol. 38 (Prop. Granta), p. ; 
, g, 370. 


one called Boosboo and Ihe other Ito«e'a. The "Koi 
land" baving betrii obtained ufter the Boo-sboo tract is som 
tjmefi called the "Xew Grant" or "Xew Granted". 

In a convoj-iuice from the Itev. Mr. Lord to Jirhn Hawk 
4th March, 1716-17, of 100 acres it is described aa l>ingfl 
"partly in that part of the land belonging to Durch<;stttr:j 
which is commonly calletl the New Grant partly in tb 
formerly called Bo&soo." 

As time went on and Ihe villuge grew in size and import 
unce the name Dorclietiter was restricted, but universal^ 
applied, to this town and the older designations were foi 

The map showing the Jirision of the whole 4,050 acrM 
has long since disappeared. Only by a comparison of dcoA 
and adjoining titles can Ihe lines and divisions be nppro^ 
malely arrived at. 

Elder Pratt's.diary shows that the "Charoh" were not I 
sole occupiers of these divisions, fur his entry says that tit 
Church "and ulherf that irere f>nftT)»«f ' drew lots for t' 

There appears to have been a division into tivcuty-s 
parts, for John Stevens, in his conveyance of the land to li 
used for Ihe support of Ihe church ministry, after cnuveyii 
certain specitic lots, conveys l-26th uf alt undivided laud i 
Dorchester. This undivided luud consisted of 123 i 
reserved for mill land near the mouth of the creek ua itfl 
north side, and a "commons" of 50 acres adjacent to tin 
place of trade. Wlien the mill land was afternards suS 
divided it was into 26 lots of 4i acres each, aud the "con( 
roone" into lots of about 2 acres each. 

The old de.'dd show the general division of the 4,050 u< 
to have been ua follows: 

There was first set aside about 50 acres, sub-divided i 
115 hits of about a quarter of an acre each iti size to form i 
"place of trade". 

Space was left for a public square and for streets, aud aS. 
areji of abtmt 20 acres between the town and the crec 
where it enters the river was also left for public use. , 


!• .„ 


A "coramoiis" of about 50 to 52 acres was set oflF adjacent 
to the town, immediately to the west. An area of 123 acres 
wan set aside for mill purposes nnd called "mill land". This 
123 acres lay north of the town, along Boslioe Creek, and 
included the low land on each side of ihc creek. 

The remRindcr of the land was laid oft' in two divisionB. 
The first division consisted of two ranges. The first range 
consisted of 26 lots of 60 acres eaK-h laid off along the Aih- 
luy Hiver, euch lut heing about 10 clmius wide in its tront- 
iigc on the river, and running back 50 chuina. The number- 
ing begun at lot No. 1, next to William Norman's line, 
about a third of a mile west of the present Bacon's Bridge, 
and were numbered successively down toward the town. 
Lot No. 26 being next to the "commons". 

The second range of the first division lay immediately 
north of the first range, from which it was separated by an 
highway, and was divided into 26 lots of 45 acres each. 
The second division lay immediately north of the second 
range from which it was also separated by an highwny, and 
was likewise divided into 26 lots of 45 ucres each. 

The present village of Stallsville and the eastern part of 
the town of Sumraerville, viz; from about Fourth South 
Street on Ihe north and Sumter Avenue on the west are on 
part of this second division of the 4,050 acres — on part of 
the 2,250 acres known as Rose's or the New Grant. 

The list of the settlers has not come down to us. The 
occupiers of the lots were not confined to them, but from 
datu derived from later transfers, wills and conveyances the 
following appear to have formed Bubat.iniiully ull of the new 
— (ttlers who receivt-d lots in the division : 

1. Juhn Steiens. He was in Carolina before the others 
arrived. The record does not show where he came from, 
lie was one of the leading men in the Dorchester settlement, 
and was the ancestor of the Stevens family, members of 
which have always occupied position in lower South Caro- 


2. Hreii. Joseph Lard. Was tbe Pastor under whom the J 
"Church" immigrated. Received lot No. 10 in the first J 
range, and purchased Iota II and 12 in the eame range, f 
Lot 10 he subsequently con vcyed (15 Aug. 1721) to "Michael I 
Bacon Nathaniel Sumner and Thorn ae Osgood J'- and the I 
rest of the inhabitants of in and about Dorchester now under | 
tbe ministry of the Rev M' Hugh Fisher". He left Caro. | 
linn and returned to Maseachusetts in 1720. 

3. Incrca-w Sumner received a lot in the first range. 

4. WHliam Pratt. He received lot No. 23 in the first 1 
range. It is to bis diary that we are indebted for so much I 
information as to the first settlement. He returned to New | 
England and there died 13th January, 1713. 

5. Williain Ailams. 
(j. WiUiiim N'irmaii. He had already a grant for 320 I 

acrcB, and does not seem to have tukcn any part of the ! 
division of the 4,050 acres. lie apparently left a number ofl 
descend aots. 

7. Samuel Sumner, hroihcr of Increase Sumner, received | 
lot 24 in the first range. 

8. Mifhad Bai'on. Received a lot in the first range, and | 
purchased lots G nTid 7 in the same range from John Stevens. 
On one of these last two was situated the bridge over the j 
Ashley River, originally called Stevens's Bridge, but ever I 
since and now known as Bacon's Bridge. 

9. John Simmona received lot 12 in the first range. 

10. AIn'aham Gorton received lot 13 in the first range. 

11. Jonathnn Oarke received lot 14 in the first range, 

12. Thomas Osgood had a lot in the first range and! 
l-26tb part of all undivided lands. 

13. Job Chamberlain removed to Carolina in 1698, and'J 
in 1702 owned a lot in the second division. 

14. Aaron Wat/, Setf'. 

15. Aaron Way, Jiin''. 

16. William Way. 

17. Moses Way. 

18. Samud Way. 


All ol the Ways seem to have beon originiil seHkrs iiiid 
at an early dntc owned lots in oiio or otiier ol' the lUvisioni*. 
19. Itohoi MiWr, ail early settler, iis early as 1717 hud 
accumulated 479 acres in the second range of tiie firnt di- 

The foregoiujt are idl that can bo said with any degree of 
'certainty to have been among ihrwc wlm received lots at tlie 
first divigiun of the 4,0J0 acres. 

The following are tlie additional names of otlier^ wIki aj.- 
pcar soon af lerwards as owning some of the lots and iis form- 
ing part of the distinctive Church: 
' John mil, in 172*1. 

Tliamas Satur, " 1722. 
Peter Save//, " 173«. 

J'lXeph Bnmsoii, " 1722 

John Umrh 
Dae id Bati-hdcr, 
John Kihheii, 
Thomas Graves, 
Rolierl Winn, 
Stephen D-»cs-; 
Isaar Br-iiisoiJ, 
^—^ There wore outside 
^These may have bcei 

■ 1712, 


ap|Mrcntly, who had lot. 
ib^ "otliers tljat wltc 
entioned by Elder Pnilt, 

Ralph Izard and Daniel Chastaigncr, holh ]>i;rM>n,'i wholly 
;diBConnected with the "Church", held lots in the first range 
At on early date. Izard prior to 170H and Cha^liii; 
to 1712. 

. The small lots in the town, or place of ti-<idc, 
l>egan to drift into the hands of outdider^. 

There has been a tendency to depict this settlement as 

imethiiig unusual — a band of enthusiastic missionaries 

Tftarrying the Gospel into a primeval wilderness. 

The Rev. Mr. IIowc, in his History uj tlie PreshytcrU'i' 

^Church in South Carolina, saya tliey "came into this country 

amiinonary church'toplautaniustitution of the Gospel", 

ler IT 

•cry souii 


and again they sailed "toward the land God had giveu thci 
as an inhcritauco, not knowing whither they went", and 
agnin that they settled "h«re in the midst of an unbroken 
forest inhabited by beasts of prey and savage men twenb 
miles from the dwellings of uny whites they took np tb^ 

All this is rhetorical but not historical. Mr. Howe dt«l 
art liis aulhority a acrmon styled "The Hand of God liccOj^ 
nized", preached by the Bev. Mr. George Sheldon on th( 
22d. February, 1846, in the Congregational Church at Dot 
clioster, in observance of the 150lh atiniversary of thi^t 
church. This sermon docs make similar stafemente, hot 
the reverend author gives no references for his statement*. 

The contemporaneous records show otherwise. Tb* 
"Church" debated between two points, Boushoo and Ne» 
London. They were enterlainod and housed at both place! 
by persons who had already settled. The lands they tinallj 
settled on had been granted away and settled by another 31 
years previously. They w«re surrounded by settlers who hai 
preceded them, viz: Lord Shaftesbury's barony with its s 
tlomcnt lay to the south, on the opposite side of the river 
West of them were the settlements of Col, Andrew Per 
cival (granted in 1682), of William Norman (1684), of Bem 
jiimin Waring, of Lady Axtell at Newinsrton, East, alon^ 
the Asliley River, the entire land was taken up already tj 
!;rar)t8 and settlements, iind northeast of them, about sti 
miles otl' towards the head of Qooae Creek, was another am 
(juite numerous group of settlomenta dating from 10 16 91 
yours previous. 

Elder Pratt himself says in his diary that Mr. Lord's firi 
preaching was attended by "all y* next neighbours", aiu 
that persons even came from 10 miles around. 

tt is not even certain that the church building, conBtructa<j 
by the t>(>rehestcr immigration, was the first church build 
ing constructed in that section. 

The little colony of French Huguenots who settled in the 
ueighbourhood of the head of Goose Creek had at a very early 

« OF DOltrilESTEri, 

ppriod a small churtli structure on liiiiils iiol fur to tlic cast 
ijf tiic present Lndson's station, on tliC Sontliini Knilwnv. 
Tiiis last may liiivt' iiriic-cded tlic cri-ctinn oCany tliiinh at 

Provision ivua nia(K' at onct, Iiuwuver. \iy (hi; Dnii'lK'^tvr 
:*L'ttI>.Ts for the constrtK-tion of a ]ii.TiiianL'ril iliiiri'lt hiiiMinj; 
and llie support of the ministry, fur on ^l^t f>i'i.leiiiln^i-. 
1702, .(otin Stevens cnnvL-ycd "flir provision for tlic inini:-- 
try of tlie Coiigrogational ClmrL-Ii now «i:tllc.l in Dort-lic^tvr 
unto the inhubitnnt.s of DonlK'slcr iiml particularly untii 
William I'rult Increase Sumner ui.d Tliomus (Vi;.....! Sen . 
as pei-floiis intrusted by the inliuljitants ol IXrrtlie>tir anil 
to their successors from time to tinii: eliosfii Iiy the inhnhi- 
tunts of said Dorchester'', lot Su. U in the tir>t raiii^e witli- 
iii the land "now oalletl by the iiamo of Dorchester (which 
was formerly two tracts one eonimonly called l!oo-oii the 
other Uo.-eB land)", also Lot 1 iti the eeeoiid divirhm, also 
4 small lots Nos. 13, 3:], 44 luid 112 "in tin- place desi^'ned 
forai.Iiiee of trade within DorclRsfer", al^o \-HM\i of idl 
Undivided land within Dorehestet-. The Uiinislry ;.ei-in> In 
have been provided for as if tiie'-Clmreh'' itself f-n-nivdone 
of the 20 to whom the trnet wiis pariitioned. 

The church Uiildin;.' Wiis phieed on Lot in the lir.l 
M^ngG whcr^ its rnins and the old irnive-.uird >u>u.\ 1.. ihis 

^V* It was not placed in rhe town or place for trade, l>nr 

^Hkbonl one and one-half or two miles to tho wesi, near the- 

jHlpihHc road, then called the "Tiroad rath". 

"*** The place seems to have ihriveii slowly. Thankful I'ralt, 

the danffhtor of AVillium Pratt, married » Ihii.iell Axtell, o| 

Sudbury, in Massachusetts. When he came t.i Carolina is 

■■tnot known, hnt he was here in IGim, carryin-fon a >aw mill 

^^wid tar and turpeniine husiness in eooneclion willi Lady 

^^xtell and Robert Fenwicke, iind Gcr.-hom Hawks, ile 

kept a sort of day hook of iiccoiints, which is now in the 

hands of his descendants, Mr. Joshna Edily Cruiie, of 

Bridgeport, Massachusetts, 



Tbis day bonV as containiDg the names of the pcrBont J 
witli whoin he dciilt gives ua the iinmes of the then persoiwa 
living in and nrounrl Dorchester. Uershoni Ilawks andf 
Robert Feiiwicke hiid lach obtained grunts fur 1,000 acres! 
in the vicinity — Robert Fenwicke in 1700'* and Gersboin f 
Uawke in 1705." All of tlie present town of Suramerville, J 
not indmltd in the Dorchester tract of 4,050 acres, Hei 
within the last two wpiints. Gertnantown and that part of j 
Bunimerville adjacent to Oermantown are on the grant to J 
IFawks, and nil of New SummcTvilte, i. e: that part laid out | 
by the Riiilrnnd Company is on the grant to Fenwicke, 

TliG old mill dam )tnd mill site wliieh gave the name of I 
"Saw Mill" Brancii to Ihe swamp is either on part of thai 
iiriginnl Dorchi.-ster grant or the grant lo Fi.-nwicke. 

Daniel Axtell leit Carolina in 1707 and returned to Mai 
siiebusetts, land died in 1736 at Deighton on the Tauntonl 

Al though of the eiin^e name name as the Carolina Axtell«| 
there la no known blood connection between them. 

A* early as 1729 the land where the old milt dam i 
ueroBs the swamp in Sumnierville wa^ known as "Saw mill 1 
land". It bad no connifctiori with the tract of 123 acres re- 1 
served as "Mill hind" near the town of Dorchester, but waa J 
the land around the ehw mill which was operated by Daniel 1 
Axtell prior to 1707, Kver since that date this part of Boo* -j 
shoo Creek, adjacent to Summerville, has been known i 
"Saw Mill Branch". 

In 1882, befure the present canal down the swamp wmI 
excavated, the old mill dam was practically intact. 8omel 
of Ihe old mill timbers of solid cypress remained on the old J 
mill site. The oldest inhabitant could remember no one J 
who bad seen the mill ran, and the growth of pines showed I 
that no water could have been kept on the pond for near ■ J 

iBSec'y State's office. Vol. 38, p, 400. 
HIbid, p. 523. 

THE TOWS op noRrnK?4TEU, tx sonn 'auouka. 70 

The data as to the town of Dorclitstcr iiinl its early his- 
tory are very sosiiity. The country around it liegnii to til! 
Dp, and the town, lying at the heaJ of niU'iLfation on the 
Ashley River, bccami! a tradiiiir jilace iiml point of (listrihii- 
tion. It stood nt a point capable of oiisy det'iiice and of i-asy 
communication by water with CIi&Hgs Town, niid iIhh 1k-- 
enme a point of support and refiiije fmin Indian invasion:;. 

The settlers in Dorcliester hojrini to over How. If wiis oa.<y 
to obtain grants of land, and ninny giants were ohtiiintil 
higher up and across the Ashley liivcr, e;?pcc-iidly in thu 
section known aflcr^vards an "Beoth Ilill". 

Merchants established themselves in the town. The 
streets are not named on tlie plan, and the mily mimes Unit 
have come down tliro' the deeds iire tlie "I'ay", lyinir aloni: 
the river, and "(ieorge" Street, llie stieel running to the 
"Broad Path" or public road. 

Gillaon Clapp was a merchiint '■'on the Hay" in 1724, innl 
in 1722 Thomas Satur, of Borcliestur, -lacfili Siitnr, ot Lon- 
don, Eleazer Allen, of Charles Town, and Wlllijini ISheit, 
Jr., of Charles Town, formod a oo-ptirtncrship to tarry cm 
trade at Dorchester. 

In 1708 Dorchester was a small town cmiluining ahont 
350 souls. 

In 1706 the Rev, Joseph Lord nrotc to a friend in Massa- 
chusetts that the country was* more lrL'i|iio!i(cd by way of 

In 1706 the Act for the estiiblishmcnt of the Church of 
England in the Province was pftssed. Six ]mrislies were 
created, and Dorchester was ineludt-d in St. Andrew'-^ Pnriwh. 

In 1715 the Veraasiee Indian War broke oni, and the en- 
tire province south of the Ptoiio River waa deviistatud. 
The Yemassee invasion itself seems never to have reached 
Dorche-iter, hut an invasion of the Indiana ti) the northward, 
which took place at the same time, was more tlireatening 
This invasion was met by Capt. George Chicken at llic head 
of the Goose Creek militia, and a decisive defeat was in- 
tlicted upon the Indians at a place styled in the old accounts 
"The Ponds". 



Thia appears to be tbe Percival plantation at the point 
now (^lled "Sliulz'a Lake". 

The Yemassee War inflicteil a terrible losa oii the Province^ 
jiikI lor many years delayed the settlement of the Province 
to the soutli of Ashley River. 

In 1719 St. Andrew's Parish was divided, and the npper 
]iortion, including DorehtRter and tlie surrounding territory, 
was created a separate parish and called St. George, 

A church waa directed to he built at a point to he Hi:lect«d' 
by a majority of the commissioners named with the ap> 
provul of a majority of the inhabitantit of the parish of the 
prolcssioti of the Clmrvh of England who should contribute 
to the building. The conimiaaioners were: Alexander 
Bkcnc, Capt. Walter Izard, Thomas Dieton, Samuel Wragg, 
.lohn Cantcy, Thomas Waring and Jacob Satur, 

The place selected for the church was tlie place for a place 
of trade or Dorchester town. 

The pariah church, with its surrounding graveyard, 
then placed in the town on lot» Nob, 62, 53, 54, 55 and 56. 

The parish then contained 110 English families, amoi 
ing to about 500 persons, and 1,300 slaves. The town now 
began to forge ahead. Koads were extended by stalute intA 
the surrounding country, and in 1722 the bridges ovor the 
Ashley — Stevens's liridgo (now Bacon's IJridge) a 
Waring's Bridge (now Slann's Bridge) were confirinfid 
public bridges. 

In 1723 an Act was passed for settling a fair and markets 
in the town of Dorchester, in Berkeley County, ''behig 
frontier in that part ot the Country". 

Lin 1734 an Act was passed lor the founding and erectinj^ 
II free school at the town of Dorchester, in the parisli of Si. 
George, and in the same year an Act waa passed to clear 
out the Ashley Kiver up ta Slatin's Bridge. 
A bridge across the river, opposite the town of Doruliester, 
had already been bui|t. 
A great loss of population in the surro'jnding country 
took place in 1752-56. The deecendauta of the original acU 


tiers who gave the name to Dorchester — tLo members of the 
"White Meeting" or Coiigrogntionulist Chtircli — hail over- 
flowed into tlje aurroiiiirlirig i-oiiiitr^\ So luaiiy ut'tliom had 
Mettled in the Beech Hill aeclioii ihiit about 1737 aiinthcr 
place of worship was constructed there for their c(»nvenionee. 
The "Church" hnd acfjuired 95 ucros in two tnii:l» on tlie 
"B*ch Hill" toad, and on one of these tnicts, not far from 
the parish line of St. Paul's, the building for worship wa» 
constructed. The congregation being pmetieidly the same 
as that at Dorcheater, one minister aerved at both places on 
alternate Sundays. 

In 1752-^6 a general exodus of these eongrcgations took 
place to Georgia. The reasons, as stutod in tlicir records, 
were lack of sufficient lands for their increasing nnnibcr:*, 
and the unhealthiness of Dorehcnter and Beecli Hill. In 
1752 they procured two griinta of land, aggregating 31,9.50 
acres on the coast of Georgia' between tlie Mudway and 
Newport rivers, in what sulisiiquentty became Liberty 
County. Nearly all of the coiigregatiuns of the Dorchester 
and Beech Hill churches with their minister, ihe Rev. John 
Osgood, removed. The names of the settlers who look up 
the 31 ,950 acres and their subsequent history is fully detailed 
by the Rev. Mr. Slacey, in his Illsi-ni of M'uUcoy Ch"r':l; 
to which reference hiis already beuii ninde. 

The eflect of their removal was jii actieally the death blow 
to the Congregational Church in St. George's I'arish, Bor- 
chcBter. No settled minister was hud tit perform servicM. 
The building at Beeeh Hill, being of wood, sixiii pcrisliod. 
From that date the history of Durcliester ceau-s to bu the 
history of a Congregational settlement and beeumes the his- 
tory of the village of Durehewter and the parish of St. 
George, Dorchester. 

In addition to its growth as a town during these years 
Dorchester also had become the place of resort for aupplicH 
for the country around, which had been taken up more 
or less for the seats and plantations oi a number of wealthy 

X2 Sit. IS. mSTOHirAI. AHn GEMBALOOICAL maoazihb. 

Just Itelow on tbc Aehluy, on its north bank, wae I 
I.liiiitatiini of the WriglitB now calleJ "Oak Forest", a 
liL'lcw tliiit tlic rcgulcnco of one of the bruiichcB of the Izar^ 
t'antily cnllcfl "Cudur Qrovu", well known for the style c 
its buil<ling» and its gardens. Above nnd beyond the ro»j 
lo ]ta<rnn'a Itridge wua the seat of another one of tiic Izari]l 
oil the old ^rant lo William Xormaii, and called "Burton'j 
and aftenvarda "Fair Sjiruig"', where are still to be ««« 
the reniairm of a large brick house. Above this wa 
HI tool lliu original grant to Benjamin Waring, the ancestor q 
the Waring family, and which during the Itevolutionary ^ 
was owned by Dr. David Olijdiaiit, a member ofthe Counci 
of Siit'i^ty and Burgeon-General of the Continental forces i^ 
Siiutli Carolina. Al>ove this again was the old grant anil 
residence of Col. Andrew I'ereival, always known as "ThS 
Ponds" — the chief pond now being "Shulz'a Lake". Thfl 
most pretentious buildings and mansion were those at "'Newfl 
ington", tlic old Axtcll fiettlement, which through LadC^ 
AxteU'n daughter. Lady Klizabcth Blake (Lady as the w]a 
of a Landfjrave and Lord Proprietor), hud descended I 
Col. Joseph Blake. The Wcwington house was said to Iiav^ 
been tme of the largest bri<'k houses built in lower Carolina 
lit that period, and with its double avenue of live oaks anq 
\vi<le gardens was at the ti mc of the Kevolntionary War onij 
of the "show places", so to say, of the country side. Thflj 
lialpli Tzard who 8uttle<I at "Bnrton", afterwards "Falr( 
Spring'', about a mile and a half distant, had married 
diiughtor of Col, Blake, and a straight road or sv-enue h 
from one house to the othur. 

W'esi of Newitigton, across the swamp and within a few 
yards of the present public road, now L-alled the Orangebuij 
mad, was the brick mansion of "Mount Boone", d^ 
vised by T-ady Axlcli to another daughter, Mrs. Josep] 
Boone. By his will in 1733, Mr. Booue directed himself ti 
be buried nt Mount Botnie, and his broken grave stone M 
still there, atljaccnt to the foundations of the house, 
the inscription placed over him in 1733. 



W7* A namber of other settlements stretched up aloiij; the 
Cypress Swamp to the north, wheru a number of grants had 
been made to the Woja, Warings, Postdls, Ford, Verditty,, 
Boisseaij and Porcher to the point well known on the oUl 
plutB and Id the old Statutes as "Izard'e Cowpen", another J 
large estate of the Izard family where the public roaill 
crosses the Cypress Swamp, 

To the east of Dorchester was the settlement and mansion' i 
of Robert Miller, on what afterwards was known as "Hose J 
Uill", and that of Mr. John Branford at the point where i 
stands the house fornierly owned by the lute Dr. IfrailafordvJ 
Soath of which was the place belonging early in the last,! 
tenlury to Sir Hovenden Walker, and generally culled his J 
barony. West of this again, and nearir Dorchester, wufc J 
the seat of Kichard Walter, which was after the Uevulutioii* 
nry War acquired by Capt. Muttliias Ilulchinson, and hy 
hiiu named "Traveller's Rest", and opposite tliia, on the cust 
of the public road, was the seat of Mr. Hichurd Waring, 
originally called "White Hall", but afterwards "Tranquil ■ 
Hill", and noteworthy for its choice site and elaborate gar- 

At the outbri-ak of the Revolutionary War Durchcetcr, 
altho' still a mere village, was next to diaries Town ami 
George Town, the largest village in South Curulina. 

The Council of Safety, in July, 1775, directedits survey I 
and fortification, and in October, 177-3, part of the publio 1 
store of powder and ordinance with the puldic recordo weru { 
lodged there for safety. In November, 1775, the furtificu- 
lione being completed, Capt. Fnniiis Marion was ordered tu 
garrison it with two companies. In May, 1778, (»en. .Moul- 
trie formed his camp at Dorche3ter,and ayear later, in May, 
1779, Gen. Moultrie, then hastening to diaries T(»vn to 
meet the invasion of the British under Pn'vost halted and i 
reformed his army at Dorchester. 

In February, 1780, Sir Henry Clinton landed and ad- 
vanced to the siege of Charles Town, and us part of the 
general defence Ger. Moultrie constructed a redoubt on the 



high locii] on t}ie eiist eide of the Ashley River, at Bacon** ' 
Dritlj^, BO ae (o comnmiHl the bridge and prevent a cross- 
ing (here on Dorchester. The remains ol' this redoubt arc 
Hiill vixihle. 

All the Amcri<ui)i t'orct's being witbdron-n to the ciq^H 
TiiHutoti, cuiiiiiiuiiding the Itritish Cavalry, mHrched, pracfi^^ 
rally iiiioji[i«sc(l, lip the Ashley, erossed the river at Bacon's 
Itrid^-, and took posscseioti of Dorchester on the 13th 
April, 1780. 

Livut, Alhiirv, t>f Fergumju'!! Loyal AmericanB, describcB 
the town then t\s ii small vilhige, (.-onlainiM' about 40 houses 
and a church. 

With the capture of Gltarlfs Town and the subjection of 
the Iriiw-Oonittry to the Itriliiiti, Don-heeter became a British 
jio*t (K'cnpicd by » Britislt garrison. To the period ot tlie 
Uritlsh oconpalion is assijinv-d the oonslruetion of the earth- 
work that is situate about a third of a mile northeast of 
l>orclit.'Flcr, at the junction of the public road leading to 
(•harlcs Town and the road leading to Goose Creek (uow 
commonly culled the Ladson Road), between Eagle and 
l>orchcsler creeks. This earth-work commamls both 
at this jtiiiction. 

The writer has never been able lo find any record of 
<«ustniotion, ami it is only by tradition ascribed to 
Itriltsl:. It rcsombK-s otht^r redotibts coustmcted by 
Itritiftb nl the time, e^{>ecia1ly one on tbe old Fair Lawn. 
Otdlctun, baroity a( the bead of Cooper Riwr. 

On July 14, 1781, Dorchester was occupied by CoL 
("Light Horse llarrj") with his legion, capturitig 
boreca and a good supply of amniuniHoo. bat waa 
occupied by tbe British when lien. Itreeoe concentrated 
troops prior to the moveinente resulting in tbe bMil« 
Kutaw Springs. 

Ou December 1. 1781. Ool. Wade Hampton 
a^iiist Dorchester. The Kritish garrison of WO 
and ISO cavalry did not await his attack, bat duria^ 
iiigbt deslroyol vver^thiug, threw their cuumni uM» 


^■rfver and retreated to CharlcB Town, and Dorchester posstd 
finaUy under the control of the Amorifim forces. 

During the otciiptuuy of Dorclieetcr hy the British a party 
from that garrison or from Chiirlea Town visiloil the Fiiir 
Spring raaiisiun house (iiOiir the public rimil, a liltlc almvu 
Bacon's Bridge) for tlie imrposu cf fiipturing Mr. Ualpli 
Izard, then an Aide-de-canip to Col. Loe, of the Logion, of 
whose prescnco at liis home they had hceu npprized. lit 
had scarcely time to Cfinccal him>=elf in a cIoriuH-preBS heforc 
llic house was entered liy tlic Rritisli fohliers, Niitliing 
saved him but the composure iiml urbanity of ^[^f!, Izard 
(a Miaa Stead) who maiiituiued her seil' contro], notivilh- 
standing the threat t.i her (if pcrfional indignity and the 
plunder of* her house. Aft'ccled by her liehiivior trcilvnee 
was given to the information tliat Mr. Izard was nnt thi-Tv. 
The party being drawn ott' Mr. Iznrd crossioti tlje Ashley in 
tlic rear of hia honse and gave tin.' alarm to n liody of the 
American troopf,. The enemy hud again relnrncil I" the 
Fair Spring house for another seiirch, and again rftireil, bnt 
not in time to evade the pursuit of a body of Anieriean 
cavalry, who iiad been putibcd across liaeo-i'n Bridge, and 
overtaking the returning enemy romph-tcly ronied them. 

After the close of the lievoliilionary War Dorchester 
rapidly decayed. Several rcaaoiia conduced to thipi. 

Its military and defensive position entirely departed with 
the growth of the middle and ujiper country and tliu ex- 
teusion of tlie frontier. With tlie development and increase 
of roads and the acconi panning river navigation, Dorclii-ster 
eeuecd to be a point of any coniTnereiid irjiportinicc the 
pointd of reception and distribution of merebandlsc being 
shifted with the arowtb of the cfmntry. The country im- 
mediately around Dorchester was neither fertile or populous, 
and its population was composed of planters who could and 
did deal directly with Charles Town. Finally its locution 
was an unhealthy one, and entirely unsuited for the pur- 
poses of H summer resort for the surrounding planter!-. 
There being no reasons based on health, hiininc-^s or defenci- 
for its perpetuatiou it rapidly ceased to exist. 



On 3thrcb 5, 1783, scarcely five years after the dose a 
l)ic war, (L« fulloiriiig ciilry is madu in Bishop Asbary^ 


"Marcli a I7K8 I ptn^scd Dorchester where there are r 
tiuiitiit of wUat apiicarM to have been once a cooEiderabM 
town. There are the ruins of ao elegant church and tb 
v*estii;cs of several well Imiit houses". 

With (ill- duciideiicc of iNtrchester, and perhaps accelen 
in;;; it, ennic ihc foinidutioii and growth of the town of San 
iiicrv'itlo, situaled at (irst alK>ut live miles off, on the hei 
wtitefs of the Bunic creek that Bowed by Dorohester, and o 
u |Kirt of tlic ^riint uri^initUy made to Gershom Ilawks i^ 
1705. From Iljwks it passed in some way lo Daniel Axtel 
the on« who rmi the s:nr mil), for in 1729 Duuiel Axtdli^ 
iindhi^son, Hiinivl Axtell, Jr., ofBrietol. in Di^hloo Conntfj 
Mii!«sachascTb<, conveyed it to Duniel Stewart, whose t 
Dunie) Slevrart, in I7Hii, conveyed it with some lots in th<^ 
second division ol the Dorchester 4,060 aere tract to Michaii 
(leiiTcr. Front .Miehucl Gi-i^er it descended to hia i 
■lueoli (iei«c-r. After .Jacob (ieiger's death it was, in ISllj 
under proceedings in tiie Court of Eqaity for partitioii c 
veycd to Jueob Williraan. 

Prior (o xhia date (1811) its oecapancy had b^^n. 
]>lnntL>rs of the neighborhood, in search of some healthy r 
treat during summer, where secority could be had from tbi 
malarial disorder that beset their tertile but unhealthy plai 
tiitiotis, found that the pine land ridges of Summerville a 
mverefl llic purpose. There was » thick growth of the loiq 
lenf or yellow pine, and a succession of dry sandy ridg< 
with ii suUicient fdl in the water courses to carry otT the e»% 
cesi^ive rain and moisture. It was found to be free from thi 
|H.-»t of moa<|uitoes, and the nights, even in summer, freA 
and invigorating. 

From about 1790. little by little one planter after another 
made a «nmmcr settlemen t and b'lilt a house, and the aban- 
doned and decaying houses of Dorchester (from which ma- 
terials, and esjiecialty bricks were removed) formed the basw 



and furnished the rotiinlalinns of the new to«-n, until nntliing 
but crumhlins yWcs of broken fragmeiit-i of brick were ]ert 
to mark the sites of the henrlhs of the olil I'lie. 

Jacob Williniaii, in his lifu, parted with soiuo of the jiine 
land, anil on his (tenth the remniiiiJer was coiivcyo'l to 
Thomas Moore, hy whose direetion a part was laiil «tt' as a 
town in 1832. The part laid otf being wluit was formerly 
called "Old Suramerville", lying west of a line beginning 
about the house now oeeupied hy Mr. L. A, Emerson, at the 
corner of First South and Palmetto streets, and running in 
a southerly direction to the houses now occupied by Mr. E. 
P. Guerard, an Sumter Avenue and Sixth South Street, and 
thence easterly across Red Hill. 

About the same time as Moore had "Old Sumniervillo" 
laid out and platted the South Carolina Canal and Uuilroad 
Company had "New Summerville" laid out as a town — ad- 
jacent to and east of "Old Summerville". This lay on |iari 
oi the grant to Robert Fenwieke in 1701, whieh part of the 
grant, with one of the lots in tlie accnnd divisiun of the 
Dorchester tract of 4,050 ucn-s, became the pruperty of 
Oershom Hawks and descended to Mosca Hawk'> by whose 
executors they "ere conveyed in 1737 to Daniel Stewart by 
whose son, John Stewart, they were in 17G0 convoyed to 
Samuel Wninwright, under wlmsc will they parsed to his 
nephew, Richard VVainwrtght. Under an execntion against 
Richard Wwinwright they were sob! in 1802 t.t Robert Dewar. 
and, on a division of Ro'-ert Dewar's property in 1831, were 
sold to the Soutl Carolina Canal and Railroad Company. 
By that company the portion adjacent to and on each side 
of the railroad was laid out for a town, and now comprises 
the larger part of the town of Summerville. 

The town of Siimmervillc, altho' in some respects the 
descendant ot Dorchester, as biing in part situate upon the 
original Dorchester grant, and in part upon land granted to 
or owned by persons affiliated with the original Dorchester 
settlers (Hawks and Stewart) and in part originally con- 
Btructed from materials derived tram old Dorchester, yet was 


settled b; entirely ditf'erciit people. The elfect of the 4 
odus to Georgia was audi that among the earltor 8ett]ei 
SDmrnemlte there ia uot one bearing the name of any 
the "Church" who migrated from Dorchester, MasBiichsi 


The most conspicuous object remaining on the ute of 
old village of Dorchester is the ruined tower of the 
church. This is all that ia left of the Parish Church of 
Ueorge's, Dorchester. It is not as is sometimes Bupp< 
the Congregationul Church of the old immigrants from Dot^ 
cheater, Masaacbuselts, but the church constructed when the 
Church of England was the eatabliahed church of the 
Province. The Statute providing tor its conetructioii wm 
enacted in 1719. This Statute appropriated £333.6s 
(Carolina paper currency) to assist in defraying the cofit 
const ructiou. 

Lots 52, 53, 54. 55 and 56 ia the vilhige of Dorcheeti 
abunt an acre and a quarter, facing the public square, 
purchased as a !«ite for the church and church-yard. A gli 
of 150 acres within the limits ot the Dorchester 4,050 uci 
was also purchased. 

The parish then contained 115 English families, niiml 
ing about 500 eouU, and 1,300 slaves. 

The commissioners appointed by Statute fur building 
church procuredasubscriplion of £1,196, to which the Gi 
cral Assembly adde<i £466. The work of construction 
begun in 171'.>, unii in 1720 all the outer work wastiuishi 
The church was of brick, 50 feet long by 30 wide, besides 
the chancel. In 1724 the glebe and parsonage bein^ fouud 
inconveniently distant from the church, by uuthorily givw 
by a Statute, the old glebe and parsonage were suld am 
new one purchased. The new glebe was lot '2a in the 
range, fronting on Ashley River 50 acres, with 25 acres In 
the second range — 75 ucrea in all. The parsonage building 
was on the north side of the public roud, about a quarter of a 


tbiie west of the church. It is now uwned by Mr. Juhn 
Griraball. Some large ouks ami a few wooden buildiiiKB 
mark the site. 

In 1734 a Statute was passed recitini; tliat the church waa 
in a very decayed and ruinous condition, and also too BtnaU 
for the inhabitants of the piirish, and directing the veatry 
and church wardens to repair and new pew the church and 
make an addition to it. In 17.36 the repairs bad advanced 
but were not yet tiniahed. In 1739 £300 (currency) was ap- 
propriated by Parliament for a parnOTiage house. In 1752 , 
the parishioners bad eularged the parsonage, added out» 
buildings and purchased two ne^roe" for the service of th* 1 
rector. They had also built a handsome steeple to the, I 
church and bad opened a subscription tor a ring of bell* I 
which were afterwards obtained. Two of these bells artf I 
stated by the author of Carolina in the OliUn Time in heV 1 
later work styled Our Forefathers to have been given to thei I 
church of St. Paul's, Radclifieboro, in the city of Charles- 


During the Revolutionary War, the church is said to have 
Buffered dilapidation at the hands of the British, and at the 
close was in a nearly ruinous state. It was slightly re]>aired 
in 1811, and divine service was held in it again, but the re- 
vivification was transient. Its congregation hod departed. 
There was neither 8Upp.>rt nor congregation for it, although' 
after the Revolutionary War the few remaining members' 
of the congregation bad been incorporated as the Episcopal^ 1 
Church of St. George's, Darchesttr. The growing settle^' , 
ment of Sunimerville established a place fur worship whicht 
as more convenient for the summer residents who wer8< 
members of the Church of England was attended by them, 
and in winter, when he summer population was scattered 
on the plantations, the majority attended the church of St. 
Paul's, Stono, about sixteen miles distant. In 1720 thft' ] 
church is stated by Ur. Dalcho, the bialorian of the Diocea^' 
lu be in a ruinous state, without a rector, its records all lo8t«' ' 



Snme ycBTB later it took fire from one of the many fin 
that annoally devuBtated the woods of the Low-Couutq 
and its roof and most of the woodwork wub dentroyt-d. 

The hrick walls — oven to their foundations — were atones 
removed by the surrouoding vandals, and nothing reniaim 
save the tower. The earthquake of 1886 nearly completed 
the deetruction of this, leaving hut a remnant still standing) 

The clinrch-yurd was the hereditary burying plat 
many of the families of this neighborhood; the Bhikcf 
Izard-} and others. In 1841 one of that family of Izard 
died, and wuo hronght for burial in the old family lot. 
that occasion the late Mr. \Vm. lenrd Bull, of Ashley llall| 
a nephew of the deceased, caused to be thrown up nrouai 
the ruined church and churth-yanl the present earth eM 
bankment, so as to clearly and forever mark and set agids 
the resting place of hie ancestors. In 1837 the vestry of tl 
church in Summerville, in whom hy Statute the par8ona( 
had been vested, sold it away. The old church and cburcl 
yard now belong to the Diocese of Booth Carolina. 


The old fort that faces the old church stands on the tcq 
of the rise or blutf of the river bank where it commanded 
the bridge across the river and the approach to it. It is V 
cated partly on lot 13 in the plan of the old village am 
partly on the street leading to the bridge head. It is thi 
most perfect example remaining in the State of a fort of tl 
period. It is constructed of the material called "tapia' 
more commonly "tabby". This is composed of oyster shells 
embedded in a bond or matrix of burnt shell lime, and 
forms a must durable and lusting eomposilion. The exact, _ 
date of its construction is unknown. The material of i^ 
construction ^^ves no certoin indication as "tabby" was um 
for such purposes from an early date in the history of tl 
Province down to as late as 1812. There are the remMflj 
ol a tort constructed of that material on "Cole's Island" 


' thu north side of Stoui) Inlet, which was coiiatructed during 
the war of 1812. 

There is a trudition that the fort was coevnl with the 
settlement of Dorchester, and was relied on ns a defence 
against the Indian enemies of the Province. No record 
support of this exists, although U is plausible and likely, 
On the plan of the village as originally laid out in 16(17, as 
afterwards, in 1742, recorded in the office of the Secretary 
of State, no fort is set down, although the site of the pariah 
church, constructed in 1719, is mentioned. There are a 
number of appropriations for fortifications in the tax Acts 
passed by the Aasembly from 1740 on, but in none of such 
as are published in the Statutes at Large ia any specific 
mention made of the fort at Dorchester. 

In 1775 the Council of Safety ot the Province directed 
Dorchester to be torlitii'd, and in December, 1775, they di- 
rected Fort Lyttelton, near Beaufort, to be repaired with 
"tappy". Commissi onerri of fortifications for Dorchester 
were appointed by the Council of Safety, and in December, 
1775, urgency wua recommended to them in the erection of 
barracks, a guard room, and a place for confinement of 
prisoners; and on January 31, 1776, the Council of Safety 
anihorized the payment of £760.10.07 on account of the for- 
tification of Dorchester, and in February the military stores 
were placed in the fort and nntfiazine ut Durehefter, wiih a 
furiher piiymeiit of £271.10.00 on February, 6, 1776, for 
hire of negroes on the works at Dorchester. 

Whatever fort or may have existed prior to 
1775 it is safe to infer that the present tort tepresents the 
fortification constructed in that year by order of the Council 
of Safety. ^ 


^r The old "While Meeting", or Congregational Church, the 

' place of worship of the "Church" proper, who emigrated 

from Maaaachusetta to carry the Gospel into Carolina, was 

located about two miles from the village, near the public 


rtm<l, on lut Nn. 'J, in the first mnge. Lot No. 10, adjoininj 
wae iit'tcnviinls ilitiinte<l to the church by the Hev. Mr^ 
.Iosi>t>h Lord, Brt tluit at thut point there was 100 acrea de-g 
voted to the utno uf the chun-h. Th« tirst buil<liii!< is mul t 
have beuii of wood, reptuceil by a hriok atruitun- crecleil iq 
1700 oil tlm site whero th« ruiiis now stand. The « 
liiurity tor tlits »[i|K!tirH ti> be the statement to tbut ett'ei 
Hindu ill the |>etilioti to the Lcgialutiirt; lor incorituraliuii q 
the (*niled IndeiHiiidcnt Cou^trrugalioiinl Church of DoT^ 
clicatvr and ituedi liill in ITd^}. All later statements ii 
sonunuii and hiAtorivi^ arc apiwrently ba^ed upon this j 
titioii. The removal of pntctically the entire congrc^iUoii t 
tiuor^iii ill ITd^ii cutisuit for many yean^ newrly lui cnlin 
disLi»iltuiianoe ot'tiervioeB in the vhuruh building or "Whit 
Mieliitjr UoUMu", as it was tht-u t-ommonly c-alltid, and iaJ 
wliioli Ihi* i:<.'1ebratk>d AV*hitetii.')d, in 1744, preached to i 
crowded cuii^rejiraliijii. During the lievolaliuiiary War th< 
[triti^li are said to have burnt its interior, but the walls werq 
lert Mtiiiidinji. In 1794 tin- ehureh was reorganizeil, 
chartvT wa» proiund tmin the Stiito, a constitution adopted j 
and the chun-li (■■lili'C rwj'Hired. ISut what a change! Xa 
a isinglo dverouilaiit (nnteed perehanee tliro' t'cmale lines i 
ditlVreiit names) of the ori<;inid members of the old congi 
Ration Coniieil one of the new. 

Tho church conliuuvd tu he intermittently used lor maajj 
years; having enterwl inlu alHIiution with the Presbyteri 
Church in the Statu u supply ut ministers was procured. 
1»4S Mr. George Sheldon, the then minister, delivered i^^ 
the ctiureh that Sermon in commemoration of il» loOtk an) 
niversary. to which reforcuce lias been lUHile. But the sail! 
cause which led to the abandonment uf the |>aL'ish charcli < 
St. George':^ tinidly caused thi- ulmndoument of the « 
original "White Mvttiug". In 1813 Mr. Jacob Wi 
donutetl foor acrea in Suminervillc for a surumer retreat ion 
the minister of the church. It is on part of this I'uur acr« 
that the present Preshyterimi parsonage in SummerviHe »tid 
BtautU. A house or parsonage was built on the four acrt 


rTheii ill 1815 tire pnrBoiiu^ house in Dopcheeter wiitt suM. 
Then most of the lots 9 and 111 around the chiircli (all be- 
tween the public road and tlie river) were sold, ami finnlly 
the Htlendanee at the I'resbjteriaji Church in Summerviltf 
superseded the use of the old building. 

fn 1882 it was ruinous, but Ktill cnpabkt of repnir. Tlio 
earthquake of 1886 prat-tii-iillj- dL-stn>yi.'d it, and now but ii 
rcTtinant of ita wall) remains. 

The ruins eland among a grove of trees with quil« an ex- 
tensive country grave-yard around them. The oldest Rtuiies 
are those to Dr. SaniutI Stevens (i^on of the original John 
Stevens), who died in 17fiO, and liia wife. Tbcru arc no 

1 tlier stones priur to 1(^00. 


The first Act creating a free school in Dorchester waj^ 
piiA^ed in 1724. Ten years later, in 1704, iiiiother Act wa.* 
pn-^ed. The eomnnssioncrs named in the last Act wcrt- 
Alexander Skene, Thoniaa Waring, 'loseiih illake, .\rtlinr 
Mi.ldlelon, Ralph Izard, Robert Wright, Paul deuyf., Walter 
Iznrd and Benjamin WitrJng, Esters., Rev. Francis V*arno<l, 
WiUiara Cuttell and John Wiilinms, Kstirs. 

There is nothing to show the steps taken under this Act, 
but on March 19, 1 756, iin Act was passed for more etteetualiy 
putting in force the iiroviaions of the former Act of 1734. 
It recited that the commissioners under the former Al-i 
were all dead, and appointed the following new coni- 
missioners to execute the Act, viz: The rector of the parish 
for the time being, and Henry Middlcton, Walter Izard, 
Ralph tzard, Daniel Blake, John Ainslie, Esqrs., Mr. Ben- 
jamin Waring, Mr. Richard Waring and Mr. Joseph Waring, 

The minute book from this date is in existence, and shows 
that the first meeting of the commissioners, under the new 
Act, was held June 27, 1757. The meeting was hold in the 
vestry room of the parish church in Dorchester, and the 
commissioners present were the Rev. Mr. Langhorue, 
Walter Izard, Ralph Izard, Daniel Blake, Henry Middleton, 
(Tohn Ainslie, Benjamin Waring and Joseph Waring. 


Tlioy (tlc'c-teij Ileiiry Miildluton, [ireaiilenl, and Daniel 
Bluku, truuaurer. Mr. Midillvton was the Henry MidJIe- 
t>ft], of Miilillctoii Fla<-u, oTi the Ashley liiver. afternttrdB 
Itrcaiileiit ut the First Cuntirientul Congri^sti and u menihcr 
oTthB Council of Snt'uly in Suuth Canilina. Mr. Blake was 
tho owner uf the Xcwitigton plucu, and the members of ihe 
uonimiAsion were all prominent and influential L-itizviia of 
the Province. 

A legacy of jCfiOO (currency), left for tlie school by Mr. 
Thomas Digton, was paid to the commission, and the treas- 
urer reported that he had in his hands £2,600 (currency) to 
be pnt out at interest. The commissioners went to work 
and at their meeting on March 27. 1758. ordered tliat iwo 
brick honscs, twetity-three feet wide and thirty-six feet lonsr, 
one story high, with a Dutch roof, be bailt — one to serve 
for the school and the other as a dwelling for the master and 
his family. 

The houses were shortly completed, and the school con- 
tinued in active existence and operation in the village of 
Dorchester for many years. A large number of donations 
were made — among the most prominent were one 
by Samuel Wragg of XlOO (sterling) for the erection of a fn 
school, one of jESOO (currency) by Peter Taylor in 1764, and 
one of £380 (currency) by Daniel Blake in the same year — 
the two latter to be let out at interest, and the income ap- 
plied to supjiortiiig pour children who might thereafter be 
charitably educated at the free eoliool. 

Al^er the Revolution, in 1789, iiu Act was pussed reiitii 
that the achoril hud received many donations from churitab] 
persons, and pos^es^ed much and vuluuhle property, and a] 
pointed the following commissioners to continue it with tl 
power of nominating successors when vacancies occurn 
viz: William Postell, Mathias Hutchinson, Thomas Warin] 
of Pine Hill, Joseph Wiiring, Morton Waring, D:iniel Stei 
art, John Dawson, Richard Wainwrighl, Thomas Smith ai 
George Evans. 




The school continued in active operaliou, but, as all its 
18 and their children who formed itu Bcholara graduiilly 
from the growing village of 1817 the 
commisHiODers procured an Act allowing them ta remove 
the school from the village ot Dorchester to any otlier piirt 
of St. George's Parish, and it wiis accordingly removed t<i 
Summervi|l(«, and a building cotislrueted oit land given by 
Mr. James R. Stewart, somewhere on the lot now owned by 
Mr. n. M. Maiiiguult. There it lunlinued for many years, 
and the remnant of the fund so originally arising fnmi do- 
nations beginning under the Act of 1734 is sliJI in the hands 
of the commissioners of the tree suhool in Dorciiester, re- 
siding in Summurville, and is naed and applied for school 



|V>llon-in^ ubsorvn(ir)nB in 1804 on RercnU Sontli OnrtiliiM 
works llial WCFB tlieii ue%v (Sec Ch-iriealan O'Hrin; TauMi|«|^ 
.inw in, I8<)4); 

"Several lat* giabUratians h«ve S3snt»] the knowledge nf I 
CKTnlina. I>njton's view of South Carolina has real merit, 
notice at the close uf it. a chiut of the entrance into Winyah I; 
The writer observes 'that a short canal may becut across North lelar 
from eighteen feet of water in the bay, U> twenty four feel of urate 
in the sea. And by an estimate of Lieut. Col, Senf's. accompanyi 
the same, it is supposed the canal may be effected for five t! 
puunila sterling.' He observes., 'a plan of this iiind is much favoun 
by the citizens of Georgetown, as the approach to that place ' 
thereby be attended with irreater safety ; and its cornme 
increased by admittinK ves.sels of heavier twirthen, than those whid 
can at present enter through the channel between North and Soutfe 
Islands. ' We notice with pleasure everything which promises inc 
ing pirKperity to our country; Governor Moultrie, a ^enersl ii 
American army, has favoured the world with memoirs of the Amet 
can revolution, so far as it related to the states of North and Soutl| 
Carolina and Georgia. In his preface the general observes, 'that ta 
was induced to hLs undertaking, as he believed no one was famisl 
with such materials, and because his memory could link the docum«1 
together,' so as rrmre completely to exhibit a history of the t 
actions. He acknowledges himself indebted to Doctor David Ramstty^ 
the author of the Revolution of South Carolina, and of the History o 
the American Revolution. The works do not interfere, and from MrS 
Drayton's extensive enquiries and Gen. Moultrie's documents, i 
known talents of Dr. Ramsay, as well as the labors of Huet, Fn 
and others, South Carolina may boast of having furnished the r 
valuable materials for all parts of its history." 

Thut is what was ^d uuv liiiii<lre(I yean ago. At let 
a dozen reviewers in the same number of diflerent tiuartei 
ot America have declared in recent 3'eare, since the app* 
ancc ol (Jen. McCrady's monumental work, that Soud 
Carolina to-day has the beet written up history uf an}' Sta 
in the Union. And so it has. Almost every phase of tb) 
State's history has been written up and coTered by books a 
pamphlets— erroneously in many cases, it" is true — bat nUQ 


these works are all of some service. But where are they? 
Only a few private cnllections and that of the Charleston 
Library Society contain a tenth of these books anil pam- 
phlets. The library of South Carolina College has a small 
collection of them, those of Winthrop and Clcmsoii colleiics 
Btill smaller collections, while the Citadel has next to nothing, 
and the State Library is a diegrnce to the State. Almost 
every important library in the North and aevoral in the 
West contain a larger collection of South Carolina books 
than either of our State institutions, and these libraries are 
adding every such book that they can find, while our State 
institutions either have not the funds Mrith which to buy 
them or prefer unreliable encyclopredie works by oulsidcrs. 
Students of historical and economical qui-^tions in all parts 
of the Union are turning their attention to South Carolina a.s 
a fruitful field for study, but when they come here they 
find tons of valuable records of which they can make little 
nse because of the chaotic condition in which they are kept, 
and very few of the books which have been published about 
our State, and such books as they do find are neither classi- 
fied, catalogued nor indexed. I'erhaps there arc those who 
think historical work and the proper fireservution of his- 
torical records of no practical value. Just let such people 
take a glance at the foregoing extract from the Mussachu- 
aetts newspaper, or let them ask Senator Tillman if South 
Carolina's claim against the Genera] Government could ever 
have been settled without the papers in the case, and if he 
found any difficulty in getting those papers. If we are 
always ready to show wimt we have doTie, so will we be 
better able to show what we can do. 

A Distinguished Visitor in 1770. — "Last Thursday Eve- 
ning landed here, from on board the Ship lirice, Capt. Muir, 
from Bristol, Sir Wiiliara Draper, Knight of the Bath, an 
Honour conferred upon him, for having planned and ex- 
ecuted the Enterprise against the Mnnilla's (during the vir- 
taouB Administration of that justly celebrated Patriot, the 
Right Hon. William PitI, afterwards created Earl of Chat- 


hum) Hccompaiiied by fficAaiv/ Collins, Enq; a Captain in b 
Majesty's Navy, ami his Lady, intending to make the t 
oi Americii. The Reports of Sir William's coming i 
public Charaeter were not true." — TIte iionr!i-C<tr'>tuia t 
zelle, Thuraday, January 4, 1770. 

A Curious Case. — The S'/ulli-Curolinu nml Am 
er»l Gazette ot Tuesday, February fi, 1771, in giving a» a 
count of the proceedings of the Court of General Sosaioi 
jnst coiietndi;d, Piiid: 

■"Of Twenty seven Bills given uut to the Grand Jury, they found 
Twenty One. One of the Prisoners who was found not ^ilty by the 
Jury, without gQine <"it of Court, was a young Woman from Craven 
County, under twenty Years of Age, indicted for stealing seventeen 
Horses. Her Beauty and elegant figure, joined to the native Inno- 
cence visible in her Countenance and the strangeness of the Accusa- 
tion, interested every Body in the Cause; her Council did her great 
Justice, and her Acquittal was received with universal Satisfaction." 

ItELViDEUE. — The handsome estate now in possession of 
the Charleston Country Club was formerly the home of 
Thomas Shubrick. The present house was built about the 
end of the 18th,, or beginning of the I9th., century, as the 
following extract from The Cifi/ Gazette ^ DaUy AdverHaer i 
tor Tuesday, March 22, 1796, shows that a former dwelliii 
on the snme estate was burned in 1796; 

"Belvidere, the elegant seat of Thomas Shubrick, esq. three m 
from this city, was yesterday morning destroyed by fire. We are 
formed that all the furniture, except what was in the lower story. 

Col. Thouab Nebl. — The following letter was written t 
Col. Thomas Neel, of the New Acquisition Regiment, 
John Edwards, a member of the then Privy Council i 
South Carolina: 

Sir be pleased to let the bearer Andrew Armor have the amount of t) 
two acompts I give into the hand of the President if granted by ti 
Council the one is in my name the other in the name of James 
Dear sir your Complience will much oblige your Humttel 

May 29"! 1776. Tho*: Neel 

To M' John Edwards Esqf 



Rbtubh of Capt. Robert Goodwtn's Cohpant, Aoqubt 7, 
1775.— Oil August 7, 1775, Lt. Col. Wro. ThomBon, com- 
maiidiiig the 3rd. Regimeot (raiigers) Bent to the Coancil of 
Safety returns of the four companiee (Qoodwyn'B, Ker- 
shaw's, Richardson's and "Woodward's) of hie regiment then 
encamped nt the Mineral Springe, near the Congareee (See 
Salley'e Hiatory of Orangeburg Comtg, 1704.-1782, p. 414). 
Three of the four returns are in the Laurene Collection of 
the South Carolina Ilietorical Society and were pobliahed 
un pages 119-123 of Vol. I., of this magazine, with a foot- 
note statement that the return of Q-oodwjn's company was 
missing. This return waa recently purchased at the sale, 
by the Anderson Auction Co., of New York, of the MS. 
collection of the lute J. H. V. Arnold, of New York, hy Mr. 
Yates Snowden for his private fotlection, atid is aa follows: 
A return of the offieera, non-commissioned Officers & Privates of 
the Company of Captain Goodwyn, now in Camp at the Mineral 
Springs near the Congrees. 

1»N Lieut" : Charles Heatley 
2-id: . .. David Hopkins 
Serjeants. John Easom. . 

Herry H<::Guire 
Private, HenryWiley, Drummer 

James Randolph 1 

John Snellen 2 

- Gilbert Gibson .t 

JL W'": Partridge 4 

K W-i>: Hubboard. 6 

^H Solomon Peters. 6 

^H James Anderson 7 

H Joseph Wells 8 

H Thomas Millar. 9 

^m Gardener Williams. . 10 

Benin: Hodge 12 

Hicks Chappell 13 

Lewis Broadaway 14 

JohnTapley 15 

C3»arlesi>iw«r 16 

W": Fouist 17 

Barrel! Fouist. 18 

l^ewis Coon 19 

Gunrod Coon 20 

Gfbert Gibson Cong*:. 21 

John Johns 22 

Elijah Peters 23 

John Jackson 24 

Wf". ..Laceter 25 

William Winningham 26 

Jesse Killingsworth 27 

Briant Adams 28 

Benjamin Gibson 29 

John Gibson 30 

The above is a True List of 
Offlcers Non Commiasion'd oflicet^ 
& Privates belonging to the fifth- 
Company of Rangers commanded 
by Cfellonel W": Thomson. 

Given under my hand this 
. 1-b- Augt; 1775./. 

Robert Goodwyn 




, Endonsed : Return of Capt Robt- 
Goodwjn's t>>m.p of 

> Rangers 7 Augt. 1775 

Reed. ii,h- 


WiLLUH Daniel Hard, a member of the South Caroliiiu 
\ Bistorical Society, died at Iiia home (Koper Husjiital) in tlie 
city of Charleston, Friday, January 27, 1905. He was horn 
pu Graniteville, S. C, May 29, 1850, and was the third aoti 
Lof Benjamin Curtis Hard and Emma Bachman Strobel, lti»> 
Ljn'ife. He was educated at the Graniteville Academy and 
I the High School of Charleston. Toward the close of tlie 
I irar between the Confederate States and the United Stales 
I fae did guard duty at the outposts of Graniteville and at the 
oiloD mill there, at the time of "Wheeler's repulse of a part 
f Sherman's army at Aiken. After the war he engaged in 
ite mercantile business in Sumter, but later occupied u 
'pofiitiiu at Aiken Junction, Graniteville, with the RailroBd. 
He next became a clerk for Cul. John 8. Fairley in Charles- 
ton, and then a book-keeper tor Williams, Black & Williams. 
For eighteen months of 1886 and 1887 -be was Superinten- 
dent of the City Hospital (then occupying Roper Hospital) 
and bis splendid services during the trying time of the 
earthquake, when a temporary hospital had to be estahlidhed 
in Agricultural Hall, won for him a letter of thanks and a 
gold medal from the Board of Commissioners of the City 
Huepital. Upon the removal of the City Hospital to the 
uew building on Lucas Street be resigned, and in August, 
1888, he waa made book-keeper and pay-ma.ster of the 
CfaarleBtoD Mining and Manufacturing Company, which 
position be occupied until March, 1894, when he wa.'i elected 
aecretarj and treasurer of the Boltou Mines Company, and 
this position be filled until hia death. He was a Master 
Mason, holding membership in Orange Lodge, No. 14, of 
which fae waa the aecntiirjr for MTeoteen years. Ue wm 


also a member of the Society of the Sons of the Revolution, 
having been admitted November, 21, 1902. He was twice 
married. By his first wife, Sasan Emma China, whom he 
married in 1878, and who died in 1885, three children, Em- 
ma Lee, Benjamin Cartis and Henry Craig, survive. His 
second marriage was to Fannie K1 ugh Yoe, of Greenwood, 
S. C, June 16, 1887, by whom he is survived and by whom 
he had six children, five of whom. Belle Yoe, Frank Yoe, 
Frances Lucille, Julian Adams and Qertrude Sybil, survive 

SoBBRT Barhwxll Shxtt, a member of the South Caro- 
lina Historical Society, died at his home in Huntsville, Ala- 
bama, Monday, February 20, 1905, aged 77 years. A bio- 
graphical sketch of Col. Rhett, from data prepared by him- 
self, is to be found in Vol. lY. of this magazine, p. 812. 

Miss Harriott Middlbton, a member of the South Caro- 
lina Historical Society, died at her home, 66 South Bay, in 
the city of Charleston, Tuesday, February 28, 1905, aged 77 
years She was the fourth daughter of Hon. Henry Au- 
gustus Middletou and Harriott (Einloch) Middleton, his 
wife, and was bom February 26, 1828. 







I VOL. VI— No. 3 

JULY. 1905. 

\ Entered at the Poet^otfice at Charleston. S. C. as SecondK^laaa Matter. 


Joseph "VV. Barnwell, IIbmrv A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Sallei, Jr. 

A. S. Sallev, Jb. 


Correspondence between IIuii. Henry Laurens uiid his 

Son, John, 1777-1780 103 

Records of the Regiments of the S. C. Line, Cuutinen- 

tiil EBtablishnient Ill 

John Alston 114 

South Carolina GleaningB in England 117 

Historical Notes 126 

N. B. — These Maoazinbs are one dollar each to any one 
other than a member of the South Carolina Histuricnl Soci- 
ety. Members of the Society receive them free. The mem- 
berahip fee is J3 per annnm (ihe fiscal year being from May 
19tb. to May 19th.), and members can buy back numbers 
or duplicates at 75c. each. In nddltioii to receiving the 
MagazincB, members are allowed a discount of 25 per cent, 
on all other publications of the Society, and have iho free 
uae of the Society's library, 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
jileuse notify the Secretary and Treasurer. 

Address : South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, 8. C. 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VI. JULY, 1905. No. 8. 


[Contitmed Jrom the April number.} 


York Town 

15 March 1778 
My Dear Son — 

While James Custer is Copying a very short 
Address to Your General, I will employ myself in acknow- 
ledging the receipt of your favours of the 28*** flTebry & 
9** Inst — at another opportunity I may reply specially to 
parts which at present must lie dormant. 

I will certainly this day, make some provision for those 
distressed fellow Citizens of whom you speak & address 
M' Franklin through your means — there are obvious ob- 
jections against a proposal by me for more general contribu- 
tion. I have once or twice hinted such a thing, & made 
very little impression; tis my Duty Charitably to conclude 
that every Man does in private as he plea^^es & that every 
one does somewhat toward the relief of sufterers in our great 
Cause — nevertheless my inly sentiments in this peculiar 
case are, that our Light should shine before Men — were we 
possessed of the Spirit of Patriotism which flashed in 1775 
— there would be Contributions, at this critical moment not 
only for the comforting of sick & naked prisoners but for 
the relief of all suffering Soldiers — for the support con- 


Bervation & augmentation of the Army & we shoald enable 
Your General that great & good Man to drive out our In- 
vaders — but alas! that virtue now appears to have been a 
mere ,^(wA— every man has bought his Yoke of Oxen, has 
married a Wife & stays to prove them — often have you heard 
me ludicrously express ray fears that my Countrymen in 
general would prove only good fi)r the Quarter —not for the 
Course — the present time too well confirms the remark — 
from the best accounts, from all Accounts, & I have oppor- 
tunities of receiving the best, you lie at the Mercy of our 
Enemies, who may disposses & drive you, & in that Act 
animate our bosom — ^Enemies throw the States into con- 
sternation & shake our Independency — Yet alas ! although 
all see & acknowledge the danger is not in fancy only, yet 
time is toyed away — a Senate of 18 — Members, seldom above 
17 — against whose honesty & good meaning I make no 
exception — 

Wisdom is justified of her Children — 

I have in my own name called & called again upon the 
States to fill up their several Representations — the Oov- 
ernors k Presidents see & acknowledge the necessity — & 
there it ends — 

Men are engaged in private views — some are afraid of 
Expense k coarse fare and others of being exposed in high 
Characters & dangerous situations — & too many are lalK>ur- 
ing at all hazards to add field to field — 

the Villians of exalted Rank who have been plundering 
our Treasury k starving our Cause contribute all their force 
to keep us dovm & my jealousies that some of these are in 
contact with Sir William — ^grow strong. 

If there are patriots, Men who love Country more than 
pelf — let them step forth & cast their gifts or loans into the 
Treasury, some by money & some by services without Re- 
ward—others may, because they have ability, give both — I 
would wish to be in the first Class & subscribe to morrow 
five or Ten thousand pounds Sterling & if these were 
found insofficieut off m^ Estate shall be given for saving the 


Public — & perhaps tliere will be tband in this proposition 
much of prudeat calculation — ^give part to save the remain- 
der — be that as it may, or put me into either Class I am 
chearf ully disposed to pr»)ceed provided I have any prospect 
of success, but at present I have none — proper subscriptions 
by, sure we may find on this contenent from New Ham)>- 
shire to Georgia, 500 wealthy Men — would raise near three 
Millions Sterling return your Paper into the Treasury & 
animate the Middle & lower Ranks of people to adven- 
ture Life & fortune 'in proportion— I have sounded some 
breasts on this important subject — but all were cold, applaud 
the scheme — "if Men would do so it would certainly relieve 
us" — & there was all— can I then believe that Men are in 
earnest — yes I see they are in Earnest to plunder the Com- 
mon Stock — ^the very manner of our proceeding in the 
Issuing our Money — leads rapidly on to ruin — what com- 
phiints has your General been making, for many Months 
past— without the least good effect—how have delinquents 
not only been skreened — but held up in triumph & can 
you prevail on me to remain longer among sucti people — 
No — I will rather insist upon your abandoning them — 
but indeed, there, are sometimes my hopes, where you are — 
A species of Patriotism may at length spring forth from the 
Army & so far save this- Country as to drive out the 
Enemy & punish sluggish torpid friends — these Ideas have 
been Ions: in my mind I may have expressed them in some 
late uncopied Letter if they are worth your reflexion retain 
my meaning & destroy the paper record— 

I dont understand your meaning where you mention Du 
Plessis books, neither can James assist me, that Gentleman 
left no Books here — 

Baron Holzendorff is gone to So Carolina exceedingly 
chagrined by the treatment he met with here — poor Man, I 
almost wept when I learned by a mere accident that he had 
been obliged to sell his Silver hilted Sword & Epaulets, 
&c. to pay for his Lodging — I instantly put him a step 
above such necessity — & have given him Letters to Charles 


Town which will secure him tolerable quarters there & a 
pasBii^ to his own Coantiy — 
\[y Dear Son — I pray God 

protect you 

Henry Laurens 
L* Col* John Lanrens 

JSi^dorsfii: H, L. to J. 

York Town 15* March 1778. 


Head Quarters 1* June 1778. 

My Dear Father 

My Heart overflows with gratitude for your 
kind letter of 29* uU* — You grant me a privilege which I 
wished to have but dared not solUcit — I shall serve my 
country with greater satisfaction, and regarding you as the 
source of all my happiness, and the author of every laudable 
action of which I am capable, answer your friendship with 
increasing love — I have drawn no pay, and would wish 
never to draw any — making to my country a pure oftering 
of disinterested services — 

The strong Linnen will be very acceptable to Berry, and 
I rejoice the more at the present you make him, as he con- 
ducts himself with great propriety in his station — I could 
not get a Taylor conveniently, but as small a quantity will 
serve him as almost any man — 

I have been so much engaged, in business preparatory to 
our move that I have not been able to get my dispatches for 
France, ready to go by this messenger — but I hope to be in 
time if I send them by the next. 

The method of sending Baron de Steuben's Commission 
was according to rule — I have > spoken to the General on 
Cap* Nichols's business — he consents to his going into Phil- 
adelphia on his parole for the purpose of negotiating his 
exchange — and I shall immediately give notice to the Com- 
missary of Prisoners to take the proper measures. 

General Weedon is not yet arrived — 


Doctor Cochran understanding that some new arrange- 
ments are to*take place in the hospital department — desires 
me to refer you to a letter wWch the General wrote in his 
favor some time ago, and to add whatever I know in his 
favor — he joined the army at a time when our afiairs wore 
a very unfavorable aspect; — he is remarkably tender of his 
patients — if I have any doubts of him it is that like all the 
rest of his department, he may lose time by a convivial dis- 
position — 

The army has been under marching orders for three days 
past — despairing of being able to eflTect anything important 
by pursuing the enemy through Jersey our arrangements 
seem to be made for marching as expeditiously and conve- 
viently as possible to the N« River — Gen». Maxwell with his 
continentals aided by the militia of the Country are to throw 
every obstacle in the way of the enemy's march, by break- 
ing up bridges, encumbering the Roads with fallen trees, 
&c — and to give them as much annoyance as possible on 
their flanks and rear — the last intelligence from below, is 
that upwards of one hundred vessels have fallen down below 
Chester — and were proceeding towards the capes — a Deserter 
who came out yesterday says that notwithstanding the 
greatest diligence is used in embarking baggage, &c — that 
it will be impossible for the evacuation to be eft*ected in less 
than five or six days — not much dependence can be placed 
on his account — the fact is that they are indefatigable in pre- 
paring for this great move — my opinion is that as soon as 
they have crossed, a select body of two or three thousand 
men should march directly to intersect their line of march 
and give them every possible annoyance till the whole army 
sh* be brought up^the directions already given to throw 
impediments in the enemy's way will necessarily cause great 
delay in their march, besides that which will arise from the 
galling of their rear and flanks by Maxwell and the Militia — 
wo*** give time for this chosen body to arrive and give mpre 
eflectual annoyance, while our whole army would advance 
to support the whole— the Country is favorable to this kind 


of combat — ^the loss of the enemy in killed, wounded, and 
deserters in repeated skirmii^hes would be considerable — 
and some opening may be given for such a stroke as w* ruin 
M' Clintons array — the want of teams, the number of sick — 
&c — & — are exceedingly against us and point out a more 
prudent conduct — all that I have written on this subject you 
will be so kind as to consider in the light of a private opin- 
ion delivered by a man of more zeal than judgement and 
expressed in the greatest haste — if my time w* permit I 
should be glad to unfold my ideas more, & to enter minute- 
ly into the matter — 

I hope to make an arrangement for payini^ you a short 
visit when the army moves — 

God preserve you my dearest friend and father. 

John Laurens. 

I must not omit mentioning to yon 
that Gen*. Grant is said to be universally 
blamed in the british army, for the 
failure of the expedition against the 
Marquis — his extreme caution favoured 
our retreat. 

Endorsed: John Laurens 1* June. 

Rec'd. 2^. 


Head Quarters 2^ Sepr. 1778 
My Dear Father 

I have received your kind favor alluding to the 
verbal demonstration by which my friend Beresford was 
bamboozled — and was indulged with the perusal of your 
Letter to the General in which you treat the matter in its 
proper light 

The Enemy's superiority by Water give them cruel 
advantages over us— 

Baylor's Regiment of Horse lias been surprised by a 
strong Party of the Enemy that surrounded them by coming 


up the North River — a number of Militia shared the same 
fate few escaped — the greatest part being taken Prisoners 
or killed — several were butcher'd in x5old Blood — the Enemy 
are now in force on tlie Jersey side, und make a shew of ad- 
vancing — General Lord Stirling is gone to take the Command 
of the two Brigades of Continental Troops and such Militia 
as shall collect to them — General Winds has already em- 
bodied six hundred. 

The circumstances of the Enemy's collecting forage is 
equivocal, it may be either for Winter Quarters or Sea 

The intelligence given by General Sullivan of the Enemy's 

being employed in building Barracks is against a move from 

thence — but I am inclined to think his Intelligence ill 

founded. — The Enemy may still meditate an Enierprize 

against Boston, which has been delayed till now by the sickly 

condition of Byron's Crews, and the injury which he sut- 

fur'd from the storm— but I do not think it probable. 

This Letter would be inexcuseable if I had not been 

writing the whole day, and snatched now a Moment when 

the Postman calls— to scribble full speed, rather than be 

totally silent. 

I am my Dear fiithers' 

Most Affectionate 

John Laurens 
His Excellency Henry Laurens 

President of Congress 

Endorsed: Copy of a letter from Col». John 
Laurens dated 29"* Sept' 1778 

Addressed : (Pri vate) 

His Excellency 

Henry Laurens Esq'. 


Head Quarters 23* Octob 1778 
Accept my thanks my dearept friend and father for your 
kind letters of the 9^ and 12*^ and the money which ac* 


companied them — I have taken the farther liberty to draw 
upon you for twelve hundred and twelve dollars — which 
from the various expence and ill-luck in which I have been 
involved, I was necessitated to do in order to avoid touch- 
ing my pay— 

I promice myself the pleasure of setting out for Phil- 
adelphia in three days— at farthest — The particulars of the 
enemys movements, and the Generals disposition in conse- 
quence will be transmitted to you in his official letter — how- 
ever improDable it is that the enemy may meditate any stroke 
against the French Squadron— and Boston at this late sea- 
son—after having given us so much time to prepare our- 
selves — and when their attention is so powerfully called 
another way — the General prudently determines to leave 
nothing to chance — all that I dread is the disadvantage 
of getting our troops late into Winter Quarters — 

I still continue to be of opinion that the british will 
be obliged to abandon a part of their possessions for the 
security of the rest — Gibraltar and the W. India Islands 
together with Halifax and Quebec require considerable re- 
inforcements — I cannot persuade myself that they will leave 
New York & Rhode Island feebly garrisoned or to the pro- 
tection of foreign Troops and new levies — 

The stroke on the Island of Dominica by the Marquis de 
bonille was not wanted to awaken their fears for the West 
Indies — and they have their dispositions to make not only 
in consequence of the measures taken to france — ^but with 
a view to what may be meditated by the other branch of 

Conversing with you by letter will now yield to the greater 
happiness of personal embraces and the unrestrained over- 
flowings of my gratitude and love — 

'till we meet I commend my dear father to God's pro- 
tection and remain 

Your most afiectionate and 

John Laurens — 

Endorsed: John Laurens 
28 Oct 1778 
Rec*. 27^ 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine.'] 


[^Coniinued from the April nwmftcr.] 



Addressed: Isaac Harlestoti Esq'. 

Major of the 2* Contf Reg*, of S* Carolina 
living at Haddrell's point 

Tuesday Charles town June 14 1780 
D'. Sir 

M'. Corbett having no Time to write, requested I 

would inform jou that there was a sufficient quantity of 

provisions left on y' places to last your negroes *till next 

Crop-your Furniture not abused M'. Corbett having taken 

proper care of it — but your liquors were all taken entirely 

owing to a one Eyed Taylor negro fellow of yours, who 

went off to the English with liis wife, Children & enticed 

five more — The small pox rages all around your plantation 

M^ Corbett has Inoculated his family, he wishes speedily 

to. know your determination with respect to your own 

Negroes, which he will put in execution immediately — 

Command mc if their is any thing you think I can serve you 


Y'. Most Ob\ Serv'. 

Thomas Hall 

I shall go up to Col. Hugers & Capt Shubricks in a few 

days — if I can procure u horse 




Return of the Officers & Servants of the 1*. Reg*, of South 
Carolina Prisn". of war at Haddreirs, Oct. 10^ 1780 

Sick C. C. Pinckney-ColoneL.Toby a Slave 

d*. Geo. Turner- Capt' Isaac Fletcher 

Simeon Theus d' Tlio'. Askew 

Joseph Elliott- d* Bacchus, Slave 

d*. William Hext, d' Andrew Smith 

Sick in Town Charles Lining d* Adam Miller 

d*. Thomas Gadsden d* Jemmy, Slave 

Alex^ Fraser Lieut' 

John Hamilton d*. & adjutl — Jos**: Roberts 

Sick in Country John peter Ward L* Hector, Slave 

Sick William Hazzard L' Cain, a Slave 

Sick William Ward d* Billy a Slave 

Sick in Town Charles Brown d* Charles d*. 

d*. George Petrie d* .Tom a Slave 

Sick James Kennedy d* Jasper Brownguard 

W". Russell & James Kenny not in th Line are returned 

in this Regm*. 

G Turner 

Capt-. !•*. li\ S. C. 

Return of the names of the Officers & Servants of the S"- 
Caro line — Prisoners of War in Christ Church Parish Oct*- 
10^ 1780 

54 Total Officers. 43 Servants 


[return of the Sd. regiment.] 

Return of the officers & Servants of 3*- S" CaT Reg' lO''. Oct 

Servts Names 

Lt. Co?-JEeuder8on Sick Neller, slave 

Cap'. F Warley • Jov I> 

Cap'. Smith peter Mgrew soldier 

Cap'. Jo'- Warley (sick in Town)...Jas Sword D* 

Cap'. Goodwyn Negro Slave 

Cap*- Buchanan (sick in Town) Jn* Campbell soldier 

Cap' Baker Frances-Slave- 
Cap' Farrer Jacob Bruncin Sold'- 


Cap' pollard W"- Myrack I> 

L' Goodwyn 

L' Smith Jn*- peterkin 

L' MGwire • 

Doct' Martin Jn*- Canldwell, soldier 

Cap' Milling 1 ^. Partridire D' 

late of the 6^ Reg. / ^ - J artndge v 

Merry MGwire Adj' 3^- Bg' 
[ To be continued in the next number of this magazine.'] 


Jofiv Ai^STOK^ tiie &oDder of a ikmily ^sdngoished in 
the aainMh of Santii Garoliii&, w:ft£ tiie son at WiDiaoi Alston, 
g^entlemftiL, of HjanmersmTdi (a part of LfOndos), Middlesex, 
and came to Sontii GaroliTia in 1€S2. as an a{^reQtice to 
James Jones, a merdhaot of Charles Town^ as will be seen 
by tiie SoDowiiii^ indeutia^ wbi^ii is recorded on page 123 
of a boo^ of misoeliaiDeoas recoirds of tiie ^orenior ot Sooth 
Oaroiiiia, ooTmng liie years l€72-l^f : 

Tfau indBBtnre WhaeamA tiad; Jolm Alston Hie sooae of Williun 

•eSfe aifmntiee to James Jones of tlie Cocmt;^ of CaroGna mettdiaiit 
and Mkm Ids Ait with inm after llie nteimfr of an ap- 
A to setwL knn Ids s^mnster llie faS end A terme of Seaven 
fron liie dmj of tbe date beiwif ^Uii«i|g w^ s^ Tenne he the 
Af caws'. Jam e s Jones doQi iMn e b^ oorenant to finde unto his said Ap- 
{Kvntioe meate; dnnfce; affwreD IjoUgmig and all cither fwyfiarycB 
wkiA shall he needfoil and ounwu e n t for inm provided neverdi^ease 
and it is faerehy furtlM r Ac^eed iif and hetween tiie said James Jones 
andtheAforas' WmamAhdnnffatiier of tiie said Jofan that if Ihe 
s'. Wmiam Ahitnn shall at aaty tyme or tymes hereafter canse to 
UBifuiKs or can home to kon his s*. sane within the af ores'. Terme of 
aeaven yeam and hefof« that time he oon^sleated he the s'. James 
Jones doth hcwhy eovenant and ObQse himsrife to retome him Care- 
faSy (if afi^e; The said Wilfiamd etiJ^iuR the money doe for his paas- 
into A^gland and l e tuin e In Wittaess wheaneof the pties above 
: to these patent indentores have pot their hands and seales In- 

JawwJMP^g waMy thia lUAtgeMth Ay rf May Anno Htii IfgSL 

John Atetone' (x)* 

lUs instrmnent was, of eonrse, reeor d ed by a cleric in CSiaries 
Town, and, as usual, fittle attention was paid to the proper speDii^ 
of the name. Sn b s e q p ient original docmnents, which are herein giwen 
and to wfaidi John Alston signed his name, show that be hitwMB^ 
quelled the name A-l-a-t-o-n. 

TfaismaziE infieates that die onginal i n de ntm e bore a seal of 


JOHN AL8T0K. 115 

Nine years later John Alston, now evidently a merchant 
on his own responsibility, and about to depart the Province 
temporarily, executed thefollowingpower of attorney to his 
old preceptor : 

Be it knowne unto all men by these presents^ me Jolin Alston of Ber- 
kley County in Carolina that Whereas I am Now Departeing out of 
this province, and therefore I doe hereby Impower James Jones of 
y> Afforesd County & province to be my Lawfull Attorney & factor 
for me & in my Name & upon my behalf e & Account to receive all 
Sum or sums of Mony Marchandize or whatever kind of goods shall 
be sent from Urope or Else where be the^^ to me for my Use & I doe 
place ye sd James Jones in my stead to have all the right & power to 
receive keep sell or Dispose upon whatever goods shall be sent to 
me in My Absence as if I were here in Carolina my self e in Witness 
Whereof I have signed These presents at Carolina ye 22^ day of 
Feb,y-1690A JUo- Alston (x) • 

Signed Sealed & delivered 
in ye Presence of 

Jno Stewart March ye 17^^ 1690A 

Jos: Palmer proved this day before me 

ffra: Williams and alsoe recorded' by me 

G Muschamp 

Sometime between February 8, 1698, when John Harris 
made his will, and August 18, 1695, John Alston married 
Mrs. Elizabeth Harris, widow of John Harris and sister of 
Francis Turgis, Esq.« He was one of the sureties on the 
bond his wife executed to Governor Blake, on the last date 
given above, as executrix of Harris's estate.* 

K>n p. 94 of the 1672-1692 book of miscellaneous records of the 
governor of South Carolina. 

*John Harris, in his will, dated February 8, i692/3, appointed his 
"Loveing Brother Mr: ffrancis Turges" one of his executors. (Re- 
cords of the Governor and Ordinary of the Province of South Caro- 
lina, Probate Court, Charleston County, book 1, p. 111.) Francis 
Turgis married Elizabeth Axtell, daughter of Landgrave Daniel Ax- 
tell, and, after Turgis's death, she married Governor Blake. 

sAugust 13, 1695, John Alston, gentleman, Mrs. Elizabeth Haxris, 
alias Alston, John Guffell and Thomas Hubbard, all of Berkel^ 
County, executed their bond to Governor Blake for Mrs. Alston's 
faithful performance of her trust as executrix of the estate of John 
Harris, gentleman, late of the Province, deceased, her former has- 


John Alston died in 1718 or 1719, leaving issue :* 

L John Alston, who married Deborah — 

and, upon her death, Mrs. Sarah Beliii ; 

died in 1750. (laBoe.) 
IL William Alston, m. Esther LaBrace. (Issae.) 

nL Elizabeth Alston, m. Joseph LaBrace, April 

6, 1821/ (Issae.) 
IV. Marj Alston, m. Joseph Wamock. (Issa^.) 
V. Peter Alston, m. Sarah Torqaet;* buried 

April 16, 1748. (Issne.) 
VL Thomasin Alston, m. Abraham Wamock. 


[As the descendants of the above John, William and 
Peter Alston have been traced in 71!^ Alstons and AUsUms 
of North and South Carolina (Groves) thej will not be traced 
here now, notwithstanding the crudities and errors of that 

band. Witness: John Hamflton. (Records of the Governor and Or- 
dinary of the Province of South Carolina, P. C, C. Co., book 1, p. 212.) 

In a work entitled The AlsUma and AUstons of North and South 
Carolina Dr. Joseph A Groves, of Sefana, Ala., suggests that John 
Alston came over with Governor Arch4ale. That was purely a gness 
and the revelation made by the records above quoted shows the nsoal 
oonseqoence of guessing in historical work— the wrong guess being 
usually made. 

*John Alston, of St. John's, Berkeley, planter, in his will, made 
January 2, 1718, and proved November 30, 1719, mentions his children, 
John, William, Elizabeth, Mary, Peter and Thomasin Alston. (Simm»'$ 
Magazine, VoL II., p. 51.) 

^Register of St. Thomas and St. Dennis's Parish. The name is there 
given Joseph liarbeuf . The correct name seems to have been La 
Bruce de liarbeuf, the first part being the family name and the lat- 
ter part the place name. The place name was soon dropped. 

•Register of St. Andrew's 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell Street, 
W. C. London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. Waters, 

not before printed). 

[continued FKOM the JANUARY NUMBER.] 

Andrew Reid of Charles Town, South Carolina. Gent. 
Will 8 May 1782: proved 28 June 1784. All my estate 
real and personal in Great Britain and elsewhere to my son 
James Reid subject to demands upon it by my nephew 
Thomas Burlington and my niece Elizabeth Burlington. 
And whereas the present state of the country needs consid- 
erable lattitude should be given to Executors they are to 
manage and direct as they see fit till he is 21. My friends 
John Wagner, gent, and Robert Johnston of Charles Town 
esq. Attorney at law, executors and Guardians. Witnesses: 
Thos. Hamett, W. H. Bampfield, Cecil Stevens. 

Rockingham, 346. 

Thomas Owen of Qranvill County, South Carolina. 
Planter. Will 29 May 1735: Proved 14 July 1738. To 
my wife Frances my plantation called Owen's Lodge, with 
all Negroes, slaves. Cattle, etc, and all my Real Estate in 
Granvill County on Cussa Hatchey Creek, South Carolina, 
for life. Then to my daughter Elizabeth for life, to be held 
in trust by Joseph Bragg and William Yeomans both of 
Charles Town, merchants, and by Brother Jeremiah Owen, 
and after my daughter's death to the heirs of her body, 
failing that to my Brother Jeremiah Owen and his heirs. 
To each of my Brothers and sisters alive at my death £1.1. 
Rest to my wife. Executors: Jereoiiah Owen, Joseph Bragg 
William Yeomans. Witnesses: Richard Woodward, Joseph 
Edward Flower, Jemint Cobley, Ambrose Reeve. 

Brodripp, 182. 


Charles Ogilvie of London, Merchant. Will 1 November 
1775: proved 18 October 1788. My estate in South Caro- 
lina lying neare my childrens' plantation to be sold if not 
prejudicial to them. If it is and there remains a surplus 
after my debts are paid amounting to £1000., I give as fol- 
lows: To my Nephew George Ogilvie now in South Caro- 
lina 100 guineas. All the rest and residue to my sons 
Charles and John Alexander Ogilvie said estate being theirs 
through their mother Mary. If I have sufficient estate at 
my death I give as follows: To William and Robert Gk)m- 
mcll of London £70. To Mr. Thomas Burke £1,100. To 
John (Whitcher Rogers — erased) £700. being the amount 
of 6/-in the pound which I owe them and which makes up 
20/-in the £. To my nieces Margaret Ogilvie my brother's 
daughter and Margaret Irvine; Isabella Irvine, Rebecca 
Irvine, daughter of sister Mary £100 each. In case I shall 
pay anything to said William and Richard Gommell, 
Thomas Barke and John Whitelock, same to be deducted 
from said legacies. Executors: my Brother Alexander 
Ogilvie and George Ogilvie, Alexander Gordon of South 
Carolina and John Michie of London. On 10 October 1788 

Robert Irvine swore to the handwriting. 

Calvert, 501. 

Richard Tookerman of South Carolina, America. Gent. 
Will 16 December 1723: proved 22 April 1726. Being 
boundoii a voyage to the West Indies. Debts to Nathaniel 
Barnardiston of London, Merchant, to be paid. All my 
property real and personal to my wife Katherine Tooker- 
man subject to the payment of debts. Executors: Nathan- 
iel Barnardiston, and Thomas Matthew of London, Gent. 
Witnesses: Benjamin Heath, John Lawsone, John Heaton. 

Plymouth, 84. 

Lewis Jones of St. Helena, Connty Granville, Clerk. 
Will 10 February 1748: proved 4 October 1848. My Land 
at Port Royal bland, my lot at Beaufort to be sold to pay 
legacies. To my Brother John Jones £400. To each of 


my father's children by his last marriage £150 between 
them. To my friend John Jones' Sister's son to Captain 
Rowland Evans deceased, the warrant for 1000 acres of 
Land lodged in the hands of Coll. Pawley of this Province. 
To Gabriel Manegault. and Charles Purry £50 each. To 
each of Godchildren hereafter named, Margaret Ellis, Allen 
M^'Lean, John Scot (Son of Captain Edward Scott),'Lucia 
Palmer, John Palmer Devenux, Susannah Frankling, Lewis 
Reeve, Catherine Barnwell, Hugh Brian Junior, if they 
continue in Church of England. A large 4'* Bible, Bishop 
Patricks duty to man. A common Prayer book with Com- 
panion to the Altar. . To my deceased wife's godchildren, 
Catherine Wigg and Elizabeth Dyson one of the above 
books each. For a school at Beaufort £100. To my 
nephew Lewis Jones £100. To Nephew Hugh Jones £100. 
To the Parish Llamoring where I was born £30 for the 
poor. To my kinsman Hugh Owen Junior £10. To John 
Palmer Deveaux £60. Rest to my brother John Jones. 
Executors: Brother John Jones, Gabriel Manegault, and 
Charles Purry. Witnesses: W" Harvey, E* Wigg, Jas. 

Strahan, 300. 

John Powell of Landbeder, County Brecon, Gentleman. 
Will 20 September 1766; proved 13 February 1775. Being 
bound on a voyage to South Carolina, all my estate in 
Langenny and Landbeder, County Brecon, and in Lanoe- 
chering, County Monmouth to my wife Ann Powell, and 
after her decease to my daughters as Tenants in common; 
but if the child my wife is now or should be pregnant or 
enciente with should be a boy, then he is to have it, he pay- 
ing to each of his sisters £200, also my estates in parish of 
Lanigan Falgarth and Irweuen in County Brecon as above, 
he to pay £1000 apiece to his sisters and the survivors of 
them. If all my children should die, to go to my Brother 
and Sisters after my wife's decease. To my friend Daniel 
Winter of the Town of Brecon, Apothecary, my share of 


the tithes of Parish of Hewell for the rest of the lease. All 
the rest of ray estate I beqaeath to the child my wife is now 
eneient with, if a boy, or to my daughters. Executor: Daniel 
Winter. Guardians:. Daniel Winter, James Parry of Lond- 
wailog, County Brecon, Anne Lucas of the same place, 
Blanch Floyer of Abergavenny, County Monmouth, and my 
said wife. Witnesses: William Davis, Samuel Taylor, Sam'l 

Alexander, 64. 

Samuel Hill, late of South Carolina, North America, but 
now of London. Will 24 February 1786/7; proved 17 August 
1787. Having lost all my real and personal property in 
America from my attachment to. the British Government, 
the commission for considering the claims of American 
Loyalists having allowed me an annuity and received the 
sum of £1261, to my sister Mary the wife of William Cordall 
of Guilford County Down, Ireland, one-half of such sum as 
may be paid by said Commissioners for her life, then to be 
divided amongst her children, the other half to Susannah 
Murray and my niece Mary Conway, now supposed to be in 
America. Executors: Richard King of Westminster, James 
Alexander of Wood Green, and James Dawson of London. 
Witnesses: W. Williamson, Jno. Hamerton junior, Wil- 
liam Hunt. 

Major, 371. 

William Warden of Charles Town, South Carolina, now 
of St. Mary Matfellon, County Middlesex, mariner. Will 
15 April 1746; proved 18 November 1746. To my wife 
Margaret Warden my interest in certain lands in Charles 
Town, South Carolina. To my friend Mr. William Legoe, 
Weaver, of St. Mary Whitechappell, £12. All the rest to 
my wife and two daughter:?. Executor: Mr. William Legoc. 
Witnesses: Thos. Smith, James Fraser, Jno. Marmkc Bag- 
ling, all of Goodman's Fields, London. 

Edmunds, 341. 


John Crosbie of St Sepulchres County Middlesex, Esqre. 
Will 4 December 1716; proved 10 April 1724. To be buried 
as my sister in law Mrs. Judith Annyson, wife of James 
Annyson, shall think fit. To my son in law John Right of 
South Carolina in America £400. To my granddaughter 
Mary Right, his daughter, who is now with me and has been 
for some years past, my manor of Lym[>shum Parva, County 
Somerset, my house I now live in, situate in Charterhouse 
Yard, my house in Lime Street Square, London, in tenure 
of Mr. Henry Qualtier, and also £1200 when she marry or 
is 21. My said sister in law to be her guardian. To the 
Greenwich Hospital for poor Seamen £50. To the Charity 
School for boys in St. 8e|»ulchres £40. To St. Bartholomew's 
Hospital £50. To the Hospitals) of Bridwell and Bethlehem 
50 each. To my sister in law Mrs. Judith Annyson £200. 
All the residue to my said grand daui^hter Mary Right. If 
she die before 21 or marriage, all to go to my aforesaid Son 
in law and Sister in law. Executors: my friends Mr. Wil- 
liam Potter, citizen and Goldsmith of London, and William 
Dalby of London, Gent, to whom I give £50 each. Wit- 
nesses: Simon Berkley, Humphrey Berkley, Richard 
Handes. Codicil 17 September 1716. To my friend George 
Dodington a picture called the "Quakers Meeting". Codicil 
14 March 1718/9. The £1200 to my granddaughter Mary 
to be reduced to £1000, £400 to John Right to be reduced 
£100. To sister in law Judith an additional £300 makins: 
£500. If she die, the £500 to go to my said granddaughter 
Mary. Witnesses: Thos. Hudson, Ralph Nelstead, Will" 

Bolton, 78. 

John Crokatt of Charles Town in South Carolina, Merchant, 
at present in Lisbon, Portugal. Will 21 November 1738; 
proved 28 June 1740. My body to be buried at direction 
of Mr. Edward and John Mayne. To my Brother in law 
Mr. John Jolly of Edingburgh, Merchant, £50. To my 
Brother James Crokatt of Charles Town £50. To my 

90. CA. KBTvnCAl. AM9 CWYTIIiWlTif 

BndMT ia Isv WiKaa Woodroip £IW. To lbrsv«C 
Stndum wbo hat liral vkh J&oik Onikam £3(M. All the 
red to mj fttber Cfaaries Crokxtt {rf'Sdingbor^ As the 
niJjor fonof mjeffecisljjiii Garolia&,Ia{){KMDt Alexander 
Bobert»« to be exeeotor with mj £rther. WitnesBes: Ed- 
vard Majne, Alexandtrr Miura. Edvard Bam. 

Browne, 166. 

Christopher Arthor of SjpraaB Baron j in Sooth Carolina 
heir and derisee of mj ancle IXMninick Arthor late of 
8jpnu§ Baronj, deceased. Will 24 October 1734; proved 
21 December 1724. To my friend Mr. ThAmas Alcins 100 
acres in said Barony now in his tennre, my servant boy 
Qointos, A Xegro Boy Coftjr. To my mother Mrs. Chris- 
tian Arthor for life an annoity of £20 to be paid her in the 
City of Limerick. To my god-dao^ter Miss Ann Harlston 
£200 of Carolina money when 18 or marrisge-day, and a 
n^;ro girl called Mary. To Mr. Samoel Wragg and Mrs. 
Mary Yooog £5 each. My estate in Sooth Carolina and 
elsewhere not herein beqoeathed to be divided between my 
Kinsman Patrick Roche of the said City of Limerick, 
Merchant, son of my oncle Francis Roche, deceased, and 
Austice Roche als Arthor his wife, his heirs, and the other 
half to my kinsman Bartholomew Arthor, son of oncle 
Patrick Arthor of Limerick aforesaid deceased and Kath- 
erine Arthor his wife. If either die their share to go to the 
other. If Bartholomew Arther die before he is 21, the said 
Patrick Roche to pay an additional £100 a year to my 

Execotors: Captain John Harlston, John Ashby, Thorn as 
Akins gent, and Patrick Roche. 

Said Captain John Harlston goardian to Bartholomew 

Witnesses: William Borr, Phillip Cooke, Thomas Ivy. 

Bolton, 260. 


Frances LTEscott of Charles Town, South Carolina,' 
widow. Will 24 August 1752; proved 26 September 1758. 
To Mrs. Mary Mazyek wife of Isaac Mazjck of Charles 
Town, Merchant £100 current money. To Ann the wife 
of Mr. Henry Gray £200 Current money and my silver 
coftee pot. To Grandson Francis Villepontoux my negro 
boy named Antony. To my grandson Benjamin Villepon- 
toux £100. To my granddaughter Frances Villepontoux 
my Negro woman named Molly with all her children. To 
Susannah Fountaine £5. To my grandson Paul Villepon- 
toux one shilling sterling if demanded in full of all Right, 
Interest, and claim he may have or ought to have to any 
part of my estate. The rest to my grandchildren Frauncis 
Villepontoux, Benjamin Villepontoux and Frances Ville- 

Executors: Mr. Isaac Mazyek and Mr. Zachariah Ville- 
pontoux, jointly or sevigrally. 

Witnesses: Thomas Corker, John Lewis, John Reming- 
ton. Letters of. administration granted to George Chardin 
Esq, lawful attorney of Zachariah Villepontoux for the 
benefit of both executors now residing respectively in South 

Searle, 255. 

William Fisk, Mariner at present belonging to his Maj- 
esty's sloop Hornet, Captain James John Purcell, com- 
mander. Will 7 July 1752; proved 31 October 1753. All 
wages, sums of money, Lands, Tenements, Goodn and 
Chattels whatsoever due, owing or belonging unto me at 
the time of my decease, I give to my beloved friend Elinor 
Scott of Charles Town, South Carolina, said Eleanor Scott 

Witnesses: Henry Cobham, Samuel Englishbirth. 

Letters of Administration granted to Catharine Buncker, 
widow, lawful attorney of Eleanor Scot, Spinster, 6ole 
executrix named in the will of said Deceased William Fiske. 

Searle, 269. 


Thomas Skottowe of Charles Town, Sooth Carolina. 
Will 13 November 178% proved 29 December 1788. To 
my son Thomas Britishe Skottowe £100, my silver coffee 
pot and waiter given me by my annt Mrs. Elizabeth Britishe 
and £100 being a legacy left him by my said Aunt, my gold 
watch and seal, my pictures and miniatures, also 500 acres 
of land purchased of my father-in-law Edmond Bellinger 
Esqr. in Prince William Parish, bounding on the North, 
Thomas Hay ward's land, on south Andrew Devaux, also 
360 acres part of a tract of seven hundred and forty acres 
granted me the 14 June 1771. The other half of said tract 
of land I hold to Mr. William Telfair lying in Craven 
County bounding by John Bull and partly by Colonel 
Laurens, partly by Captain David Murray and John Smith's 
land, also part of 500 acres granted 10th May, 1772 in 
Berkley County bounded by John Napley and Saludy 
River, also 500 acres in same county granted 20 July 1772 
on waters of Saludy River bounded by Cornelius Corgill's 
land. To my son Nicholas £100, silver tankard and £100 
left him by my said aunt, also 500 acres in Craven County 
on the Branches Duncan Creek granted 15 May 1772, 
bounded Lewis Devoul and Mary Claze also 500 acres in 
said County granted 21 July 1775, bounded by Enoree 
River, John Fuiley, by old Lewis, and Indian ground, also 
500 acres south of said River bounded by James Burton's 
and John Boyd's land. To my son John Bellinger Skot- 
towe £100, silver pint mug, 500 acres granted 21 July 1775 
in Craven County on a small branch of Waters of Enoree 
River, bounded by Williamson, Lightsaps, James Burton, 
500 in said County on north side of said river granted same 
date bounded by William Cest's land, by old Lines, 500 
acres same grant same County on Abner's Creek, bounded 
by Daniel Huge Esq. To my son Edward Massingberd 
Bellinger Skottowe £100, silver mug, 1000 acres granted 20 
July 1772 in the province Line bounded on said Line, East 
on land laid out to William Moultree, Esq. 200 acres granted 
6 January 1775 Craven County, north side of the midcUe 


fork of Tyger River and bounded by William Meearters, 
Samuel Breses and James Nisbet's lands. To my son 
George Augustus Frederick Skottowe £100, silver Salt 
cellars, 1000 acres granted 14 August 1772 on the Branches 
of Buck Creek and Island Creek waters of Pacolet bound- 
ing on land of Mr. Noger, Peter Handande. To my son 
Coulson Skottowe £100, silver soup and Table spoones, 100 
acres granted 2 October 1772 in Berkely County, bounded 
by William Young's, Isaac Holmes and Pon Pon River. 
To my daughter Ann Langford Skottowe £100 and her 
mother's chased gold watch and seals. Jewels, pictures and 
all her clothes and Liuen and all the rest of my estate not 
bequeathed amongst my children. If nil die leaving no 
issue. All my estate real and personal to my brothers 
Coulson Skottowe, John Skottowe and Nicholas Skottowe 
in trust for the use of my nephews and nieces, children of 
my sisters and brothers John Skottowe, Augustine Skot- 
towe, and my sisters Mrs. Ann Wood and Mrs. Susannah 
Carlile. Executors: my brothers Coulson Skottowe, Jol:n 
Skottowe, Nicholas Skottowe and Edward Bellinger Senior 
^sq and Edmund Bellinger junior Esq. Witnesses: John 
Davies, Zeph. Kingsley, William Greenwood, junior. 

Calvert, 624. 


Hbxt. — On puges 37-38 of the account of the Hext family 
published in the January issue of this magazine the wrong 
children were assigned to Thomas Hext (5) and Judith 
Esther Torqnet, his wife. The foUowinir record of Thomas 
and Judith Esther (Torquet) Hext and their children has 
been furnished by Mr. Elias L. Rivers, of James's Island, 
from an old Bible record in his possession: 

Thomas Hext and Judith Esther Torquet was married by 
the RevV-'d Mr. Wm. Guy September 26th 1723. 

Jane Hext daughter of Thomas and Esther Hext was born 
November 26th 1725 and baptized April lOtb 1726 and died 
September 8th, 1727— 

George Hext son of Thomas and Esther Hext was born 
July 26th, 1731 and was baptized December 12th — 

77^7710^ Hext son of Thomas and Esther Hext was born 
November 8th, 1783 between five and seven in the morning 
and was baptized March 31st 1734. Thomas Hext son of 
Thomas and Esther Hext departed this life the 24 day of 
Nomber 1765. 

Esther Hext daughter of Thomas and Esther Hext was 
born November 14th, 1787 at nine at night and was baptized 
the 18th of June 1738. 

Jane Hext daughter of Thomas and Esther Hext was born 
February 16th 1739 about one o'clock Saturday morning 
and was baptized August 7th 1740. Jane Hext daughter of 
Thomas and Esther Hext died the 1 0th day of July 1741. 

Elizabeth Hext daughter of Thomas and Esther Hext was 
born January 9tl) 1742 at nine at night. 

Thomas Hext departed this life January 5tl), 174) in the 
fortieth year of his age. 

Judith Esther Hext departed this life October 16th, 1748, 

George Hext and Elizabeth Arnold was married by the 
Rev'e'd Mr. Wm Orr the 7th day of December 1752. 

Martha Hext daughter of Oeors^e and Elizabeth Hext was 
born on the 28th day of September 1758 at half an hoar 
after two o'clock in the morning. 

Historical Notbs. 127 

Elizabeth Bext the wife of George departed this life the 
8th day of September 1759 at nine Ht night. 

George Hext the son of Thomas and Judith Esther Hext 
departed this life the 3rd day of November 1760 at one 
o'clock in the morning. 

Solomon Freer and Elizaheth Hext was married by the 
Rev'e'd Mr. Martaine the 22d flay of January 1761 on 
Thursday evening at Mr. Daniel Legar6's Junr. in Chas. 

Thomas Hext, of Charles Town, planter, by his will, made 
November 17, 1765, and proved before Lieut.-Qov. Bull, 
May 9, 1766, directed thut his whole estate be sold and the 
proceeds, after the pavment of all debts, divided equally 
between his wife and children, the wife to receive hers at 
onci', the suns as they should respectively attain the age c»f 
twenty-one and the daughter at eighteen or day of marriage; 
appointed brothers-in-law, William Williams and Solomon 
Freer, executors. Witnesses: John Packrow, William Pa. 
treau and Sarah Hanahan. (P.O. R.,C. Co., book 1761-77.) 

The old fort at Dorcubster, S. C. — In the last number 
of this ma«razine there appeared a very able and interesting 
historical sketch of the town, the people, and the ueighbor- 
htKMJ, (»f old Dorchester. The author, Mr. Henry A. M. 
Smith, has spared no pains to make a complete study of his 
subject. It is to be hoped that more paperd of the tauje 
thorough research and critical method may be found in 
the contents of the Magazine fur the future. 

Some description of the fort has been given in the article 
referred t<>; but it has been thought that additional particu- 
lars concerning its size, shape, and present condition, would 
interest further the readers of Mr. Smith's article. 

On a visit to Snmmerville about two years ago, the writer 
accompanied and assisted by Mr. W. Russell Dehon, exam- 
ined th^ site of the old town of Dorchester and its fort, chiefly 
for the purpose of taking bearings and measurements of the 
latter. These were considered accurate enough,, though 
made with only an excellent pocket-compass and a tape-line. 


Situated on the left bank of the Ashley River, overlooking 
the stream, on ground fifty feet distant from, and about fif- 
teen feet above, the water, the little fort remains to this day 
in good preservation. This is limited, however, to its plan, 
profile, and material of construction. Its interior, partly 
filled with earth and d6bris of brick-work, is grown up with 
trees, bushes, and vines. Its plan is that of a square redoubt 
with half-bastions at each of the four angles, which were 
probably once armed with swivels or light field-pieces. Its 
profile shows, now, an enclosing wall, from three to four 
feet thick, the base covered by debris, the top fi'om seven to 
eight feet above the average level of the interior. The trace 
of the enclosing wall is unbroken with two exceptions — a 
sally-port, three fe^t wide, on the face farthest from the 
river, and a breach in the half-bastion nearest to the river, 
where the wall has been levelled to the ground. Here, a 
drive-way for carts and wagons seems to have been made iu 
recent years, to facilitate the removal of bricks from the 
interior for direct transportation on the river, close at hand. 
The material used for the walls was a concrete of broken 
oyster-shells and lime called " tabby", always found, when 
well made, to be close, firm, and durable. Brick was used 
also in some places for a coping of the parapet, and,, no 
doubt, for magazines and other structures : these latter have 
all been demolished, but the coping of brick-work is still to 
be seen on the western wall. 

Mr. Smith's judgment as to the date of the building of the 

present fort — 1775 — is entirely supported by the facts and 

conditions of the case. No eu6h work would have been 

built in the time of the Indian wars : the early settlei^ could 

protect themselves with stockades and block-houses. 

The illustration appended to these notes will serve to show 
the form, bearings, and dimensions of the fort at Dorchester. 
It was only a little more than one hundred feet sauare on 
the interior lines. On the river side, it commanded the ap- 
proach to the town for perhaps a half-mile, with its small 
cannon. On the land side, an infantry fire, delivered over 
the parapet from a banquette, could be verj^ eflTective. 

Charleston, S. C, 25 May, 1905. John Johnson. 





In the sketch of th<s history of Dorchester published 
in the April Number of the Magazine, the writer stated 
that he conld find no documentary proof of the exis- 
tence of the old furt at Dorchester prior to the fortification 
constructed in 1775 under the orders of the Provincial 
Council of Safety. 

Since then Mr. Langdon Cheves has called my attention 
to the following extract from the will of John Skene, of 
St. George's, Esq. The will is dated 1 June 1768, and is 
recorded in the Probate Court tor Charleston County in 
book 1767-1770. John Skene owned and resided upon a 
plantation of 3000 acres in St George's Parish on the south 
side of Ashley River and just opposite the town of Dor- 
chester. This plantation was part of the original 12000 acre 
barony of the Earl of Shaftesbury. 

Henry A. M. Smith. 

* * * " Item : I give to the Commissioners of Fortifica- 
tions all my Great Guns for the use of the Magazine and 
Fort at Dorchester, reserving to the officers (for the time 
being) of the St. Georges Troop, the Liberty of using 
them on any Public Day, especially on his Majestys Birth 
Day and the 23* of April. 

Item : I give my large silver cup to the Church Wardens 
of St. Georges Parish Also my large Bible with Brass 
clasps, my other large Bible to the Parish Library" ***** 

A CRivscoBUR Story. — To The Editor of The SouthCaroUna 
Historical and Genealogical Magazine: — An eminent New 
England scholar in his study of Hetor St. John Cr^vecoeur's 
works, has found in the rare '^ Voyage dans la haute Penn- 
sylvanie", published at Paris in 1801, reference to a Mr. Bull, 
'^ a Georgia planter*', who led a gipsy life in the mountain 
region between Tennessee and the.Carolinas during the 

The New England scholar says that St. John Crfevecoeur, 
in the book tells how Mr. Bull, an old man in the latter years 
of our Revolution, left his plantation for fear of the Tories, 


and took to the. Carolina forest, moving northward and 
avoiding the army of Cornwallis. Cr^vecoeor professes 
to have found him near Fincastle in Virginia, and to have 
heard from him the details of his gipsy life with his family 
and his negroes from April, 1778, to 1782, after the surren- 
der of Cornwallis at Yorktown. They planted crops each 
year, hunted for game and fed their cattle and horses on the 
rich pasturage of the bottom-lands. 
He quotes ^^ Mr. Bull " as follows : 

^^Alone in the midst of these vast solitudes we had for 
witnesses of our labor only the sweet melodious meadow- 
lark, the jay, the chattering boblincorn, the tufted starling, 
the bold king-bird, the shrill whistling cat-bird, and the 
thrushes with their gentle, harmonious notes. These birds, 
with the mock-bird, ignorant of the destructive power of 
man, were constantly about us, and seemed to view us with 
curiosity rather than terror. Every evening, as soon as the 
sun set, great flocks of cranes rose slowly, in regular and 
majestic spirals to a great height, as if to catch a last glimpse 
of the sun, whose ritys sometimes glanced on their whitish 
wings, and met our eyes as we watched them. They soon 
came down again in the same order and as silently to the 
places they had just left. This spectacle occurred almost 
daily when the sky was clear, and lasted more than half an 
hour. In this lovely solitude we passed our first winter. I 
bjuilt a spacions, comfortable cabin at the foot of one of the 
largest oaks I ever saw; and in this my two daughters gave 
birth to the two grandsons whom you see here with me. In 
memory of their birthplace I gave them the names of Paco- 
let and Nawassa, the streams at whose confluence I had built 
my cabin." 

The New England investigator says: ^* This was near the 
Broad river, a few miles south of North Carolina; for the 
topography of St. John is confirmed by his contemporary, 
Dr. Morse. The second winter he was near the headwaters 
of the Tadkin river; the third near those of the river Dan, 
not far from a mountain called Ararat In that region were 


the Carolina Moravians at Wachovia, whose chief town, 
Salem, corresponding to Bethlehem in Pennsylvania, is still 
inhabited by these pious people. The old Noah of this 
modern Ararat went on to say: * During the four years of 
my pilgrimiige I think I must have traversed 600 miles, 
without any of my household being ill a single day, so salu- 
brious are our mountains. It was time, however, for peace 
to be made, and our endurance, our courage and our clothes 
were getting worn out. Finally, in May, 1782, 1 returned 
to my plantation on the Saluda, which two old servants had 
not been able to protiect from pillage. Great was their joy 
to see us come back in good health, and with an increase of 
the family of seven children, two white and five black, to- 
gether with 54 young cattle.*" 

What our Northern friend wants to know is "if the 
annuity of South Carolina contain any record of this patri- 
archal wandering of Mr. Bull and his heifers and mares." 
He says : " Doubtless St. John found it in print somewhere, 
and translated it, along with his accounts of Hell Gate and 
Tale College into his colloquial French." 

If you, Mr. Editor, or any of the members of the South 
Carolina Historical Society, or any representatives of the 
Bull family in South Carolina, know anything of this inter- 
esting woodsman of Revolutionary times, it would be well 
to give it to the public. 

For my part, I am inclined to think it, if you will pardon 
the phrase, "a cock and Bull story." 

Cr^vecoeur was as reckless of facts as wns liis countryman 
the Abb6 Haynal who, unable to account for rice culture in 
South Carolina, had a vessel wrecked on our coast and thus 
scattered the first seed of what afterward became a most 
important crop. 

In an earlier book Cr&vecoeur, if my menmry is not at 
fault, told of seeing a negro in Charleston tortured in an iron 
cage, a little aneedote that was once a favorite tid bit with 
the most violent of the anti-slavery agitators. . 

New York, March 20tb. Yates Snowden. 


Major Robert Anderson and Fort Sumter. — The origi- 
nal of the following letter, written by Major Robert Ander- 
son while commanding Fort Sumter in 1861,18 in possession 
of Mr. Thomas R. Proctor, of Utica, New York, who has 
very kindly furnished a copy thereof for publication here: 

Fort Sumter, S. C, Feb. 19, 1861. * 
B. D. Silliman, Esq., 

Wall St., 

N. York. 
My dear Sir: 

Accept my thanks for your kindness in attending to the 
troublesome commission I gave you, and also for the handsome com- 
pliment you were pleased to pay me in your note of the 13th inst. 

I have had no intimation of an intention to reinforce my command. 
The present able Sec'y. of War notified me, as soon as he took charge 
of the Dept., that additional troops should be sent, the moment I in- 
timated that I wished them, or as soon as the S. Carolinians should 
make an attack. I have not asked for them, because I know that an 
attack will be made, as soon i^ they hear that I have asked for rein- 
forcements, and I am unwilling to bring on a Civil War, if I can pos- 
sibly avoid it. The longer the matter is deferred, the better the chance 
of having matters decided without a recourse to arms. Our Union 
cannot be sustained by force. 

I thank you for^our kind offer, made to my wife, through my sweet 
little friend, and also for your offer to me. 

We are anxiously waiting now, for the inauguration of, and nomi- 
nation of the Cabinet by, the President elect. Everything depends on 
his selecting discreet, wise men. We have had enough of third class 
men, broken down politicians, as Heads of Depts. at Washington. 
The inner wheels of our Political Clock must be of the finest metal, 
and they must be true, or it will run down. 

Everything is pretty quiet around us. The S. C. are at work on 
their batteries, and we are getting ready to do all the harm we can 
should they venture to attack us. 

That God will spare our country, and save us from the horrors of a 
civil strife, is my earnest prayer. 

I am 

My dear Sir, 

Yours very Sincerely, 

Robert Anderson. 

Tbe Flags of Fort Sumter.—" The Flag of the Confed- 
erate States and the Palmetto, were raised on Fort Sumter 
simultaneously — the former by Col. Jones,* chief of Gen. 

< Major David R. Jones. 


Bbaurbgard's Stafi, and Col. Fbrguson. The Flag of the 
Confederate States was roanofactared in this citv. It was 
the intention to have niade use of the flag that was first 
hoisted on the Capitol, at Montgomery, but unfortunately it 
had been mislaid. TKe flag-stajBFs were about fifteen feet 
high, and wei*o lashed to two of the big guns by Commodore 
Hartstinb." — The Charleston Mercury, Monday, April 15, 

'* The first Palmetto Flag was raised on Fort Sumter Yes- 
terday by Cols. F. J. MosBs, Jr., and J. L. Dbarinq of 
Governor Pickbns' StafiT, and the Confederate States Flag 
by Capt. Fbrguson of the Gftneral Clinch^ and others, in the 
presence of the Governor, General Bbaurbgard's Staff, and 
a large number of gentlemen, among whom was Chancellor 
Carroll and Judges Glovbr and Wardlaw. A salute was 
fire^ from each of the batteries on the raising of these flags. 
—The Charleston Daily Courier , Mondny, April 15, 1861. 

Thb Bbginning op Charlbston.— Itwas by the following 
order that John Culpepper laid out a town in 1672 that was 
subsequently called Charles Town. It wasgradually settled 
up between that date and 1680, when it formally became the 
seat of government. Its predecessor on the south side of 
Ashley Biver had also been called Charles Town. There- 
after the site of the latter was for many years referred to as 
"the old town" : 


By the g^rand Councill 

a colony of You are f orthw^. to admeasure and layout or cause to be 
12000 acres layd out upon the land lying between Ashley River and 
Wandoe River twelve thousand acres of land for a CoUony 
in a Square as much as Navi^ble Rivers will ^mitt, 
bounding same w^. limitts runnmg directly from East to 
West and from North to South beginning upon Ashley 
River towards the South at a place there Icnowne by the 
name of Osrster Poynt, And a Flott thereof fairely drawne 
you are to return to us with all convenient speed 
whereof you are not to fayle; Given under our hands Hiis 
xxxth. day of Aprill 1672./ 

John Yeamans 
To John Culpeper Maurice Mathews Tho: Gray 

Surveyor Generall Will: Owen: John Gooxrey 

or his lawfuU Depi,. 
(Warrant book, 1072*1692, p. 1.) 

hi8t0bi0al k0te8. 135 

Thb Date of Arrival of the Landoravb Smith Family. 
•^Among the settlers who came in the Carolina^ one of the 
three vessels that brought the first colony for South Caro- 
lina, in 1669-70, and assisted in founding Albemarle Point, 
sobseqaently named Charles Town, were Thomas and Paul 
Smitl;!. Many writers have asserted, without furnisbingany 
proof, that the first of these was the same Thomas Smith 
who subsequently became a Landgrave and was sometime 
Governor of the Province. The late General McCrady, in 
his first volume (foot note page 121), disputes that claim and 
gives the date of the arrival of Thomas Smith, afterwards 
Landgrave, as 1687. The editor of this magazine once 
asked General McCrady for bis authority for that date, and 
was told by the General that he had seen a Bible that bore 
every evidence of being a Bible of original record entry, 
and that therein he saw it stated that Landgrave Spaith hud 
been born in Madagascar ^nd had come to South Carolina 
in 1687. The South- Carolina Gazette of Thursday, May 11, 
1788, mentions the death of the second Landgrave Thomas 
Smith on the Tuesday before, stating that he was in his 75tt). 
year, and had been fifty-four years in the Province. That 
would have put the date of his arrival at 1684. The Editor 
has always believed that that was the correct date of the ar- 
rival of the Landgrave Smith family in South Carolina, and 
he also believes that General McCrady either mistook an 
old fashioned 4 for a 7 or that his printer mistook his 4 for 
a 7. The following record which he has discovered in the 
warrant book of the Province for the years 1672-1692 (page 
307) fully confirms his opinion as to the date of the arrival 
of thid distinguished family: 

You are forthwith to Cause to bee admeasured and laid out unto M'' 
Thomas Smith six hundred and ffif ty acres of Land being Due to him 
for the arrivall of himself e Barbara his wife, Tho: & George Smith, 
Mathew Crosse, Philip Adams, Joan Atkins, Johanah Atkins, and 
Elizabeth Adams, Aron Atkins Ellen & Mary Atkins & Michael Peirce 
who are entred in the secretaryes Office the 10 July 1684 In some Con- 
venient place not yett laid out or marked to bee laid out for any other 
person or use Observing the Lords prop'ts Instructions beareing Date 


the 21 SefiCr IfiBS And a certificate fdlhr spedtjing the dttnatioii t 
bomidB tbereot yoa are to retnme unto ns with all Comrenient speed 
and for yo^ aoe Doeii^ this shall bee ycT Warn Dated the 20 Jan^ 

To Stephen Boll Eacf John Godfrey Joe^ih West 

SarweycF Genall Robt Qnary Jn* Mo(m« 

Whkh Friends wkrb Friends. — "We hear that the 
Quakers at PhUaddphia, have among themselves, collected 
Qpwardp of Three Hundred Pounds Proclamation Money^ for 
the Relief of the Safferers by the late Fire in this Town, 
the Value whereof they have sent by Capt. CazackJ' — The 
SoiUh-Carolina GazetU, Thursday, May 14, 1741. 

Colonel John Purvis. — "Died] — On the 4th ult. Col. 
John Pttrves^ of Edgefield county-, in this state." — The Gty 
Grozette ^ Daily Advertiser^ Monday, June 11, 1792. 

Two Bevolutionart Officers. — ^''Died.] At his planta- 
tion on the Wateree, on Wednesday, the 28th ult. Samuel 
Boykbiy Esq. And, at Camden, on Thursday, the 29th ult. 
col Joseph Kershaic.'' — ITie City Gazette tf- Daily Ad certifier, 
Monday, Jaiiy. 9, 1792. 

Generals Lacey and Brandon. — ^'Proniotion, Col. 
Thomas Brandon, of the 13th regiment ui the militia. Brig- 
adier General of the 3d brigade of militia, vice Edward 
liacey, who has resigned." — Gty Gazette <f Daily Advertiser, 
Oct. 21,1797. 


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CVvMluston. S. O. 
, ^^ 






rOBBR. 1905. 


Joeiru Vf. BAitir«Ri.t, Qissr A. M. Sut^ 

A. S. Sallkv, Jr. 

A- S. Sallik, .Tk. 


Correfqioncleuci! bptwetin IPn, ir, .i 
Sori, Jpliii,1777-17i!0. 

tui EsUblUbiDviil 

South OttTotinn GltaiiUige in Hn?l>i : 
lifltidgrave DnutelAxlvll... 

Historicn^ Xyies 


index ..-. 

N. B. TI1U6O MjUJAZINKh !ir.! nno (InUor L 
otbor tUtrn u nitmlnjr of tlie H-n"; '' 
Sodoty. Mi-mbtrs uf tbu SMcieh 1 
memlior^lkip t'eo is ^S por imuum ci 
Mayl«tb.toMjiylinb.),Bnnim?m)). - 
or (Inplk-utes at Toe each. In :i'i 
MdguzJDCii, inumlii.'rs art iillowuil.;i 
RD ull oilier puUlicarionB of the tini_ii ty. ami liu 
aaudftliu SnciDtj'R lilirai-y. 

Any member wlio hii= not recuivi-il ihe llM 
pleuse nntilj' tliii Seeft-tary atiil Truasurer. 

AdtlrcBs: South Caromka Hihtukicai. Sfli 

The South Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VI. OCTOBER, 1905. No. 4. 

correspondencp: betwekx iion. henry 

LAURENS AND fllS SOX, JOHN, 1777-1780. 

[Continued from the July nttmber.'] 


Head (iuarters l?"* feb-\ 1779. 
My dear father. 

Ihad the pleasure ot* writin*^ to you, soon after ray arrival 
at Camp — and have been since anxiously expectiiit^ farther 
intelligence from Georgia — If it be true that Spain is at 
length 80 enlightened on her own interests as to espouse 
those of America — I am inclined to think that feeble state 
will 8pe<idily be delivered from its present invaders — Such 
an event or the adoption of my black project alone can save 
her — if the first be a delusive report — I wish to know whether 
you think that the force of example, Argument, and above 
all that ot impending Calamity will determine our Country- 
men — to embrace the Salutary measure which T propose — if 
yon think my dear father that the chances are for us — we 
cannot too soon execute our parts — you will have the glory 
of triumphing over deep rooted national ]>rejudices, in favor 
of your Country and humanity at large — the former may 
perhaps have reason to call you her deliverer — The sacrifice 
you make, will be effaced by the most delicious and enviable 


For my part it will be my duty and my pride, to trans- 
form the timid Slave into a firm defender of Liberty and 
render him worthy to enjoy it himself — 

The respect and attachment which I have for the General — 
the friendship which I have for my Oollejigiies — will make 
even a temporary separation from them, a subject of ^reat 
regret — and nothing could determine me to do it but a cer- 
tain prospect of being more extensively useful — The General 
has been as polite as to say that he will be sorry to lose me 
even for a time — but that he will not object to my going — 
The nature of my profession separates me from my dearest 
friend — and it is natural for me not to quit an agreeable 
military' situation — without eonie assurance of rendering 
greater services elsewhere — 

But I must finish — I entreat that I may hear from my dear 

Father as soon as possible — and am ever his most aftec- 


John Laurens. 

Endorsed: John Laurens 

17^. ffebry 1770 


Head Quarters 10*** march -79 
My dear father. 

You will have perceived by my last, that granting the 
probability of obtaining an act for raising black troops in 
South Carolina — no time in my opinion was to be lost in 
applying for it, under the sanction of a Recommendation 
from Congress — 

When I reflect that the present season in that country 
aflbrds very good fighting weather — that much time will be 
required for the Journey — that some delays may arise in 
our Council and Assembly, from the opposition of private 
interest — that collecting the Levies, at a general rendez- 
vous — from remote parts — and exchanging the unfit for 
service that will be sent in the first instance — that trails- 
forming them into soldiers & providing them with Arms 


Appointments &ca are all works of time — T must confess I 
am anxious — for if I am engaged in a plan of this kind ray 
reputation is at stake — And a regard to that, would induce 
me to spend as much time as possible in disciplining and 
instructing my soldiers before I introduced them to the 
enemy — while a desire to render, service on the other hand 
would make me soUicitous to bring them into the field in 
the active part of the Campaign — 

As a Soldier, as a Citizen, as a Man — I am interested to 
engage in this work — and I would chearfully sacrifice the 
largest portion of my future expectations to its success — 

I believe I have in this & former letters — nearly said all 
that can be offered by me on this subject — at present — 
Your counsel will be necessary to remove many difliculties — 
and digest a plan to be laid before the Legislature of South 
Carolina — My letters will prove to you that this subject 
occupies my thoughts very much — 

I embrace you with all my heart — and am ever my dear 
fathers most affectionate 

John Laurens. 
Endorsed: John Laurens 10 March 

1779 ReC*. 12"*— 


Addressed : Lieut'. Col°. John Laurens 

Aid de (^amp to His Excellency 
the Commander in Chief of 
all the American forces — 
South Carolina — 

Philadelphia 18'" April 1779. 
My dear Son. 

I had the pleasure of writing to you the day before yes- 
terday by Messenger l>urst. last evening the packet whicli 
will accompany this came to me under cover from Col*. 
Hamilton, he says it contains two Letters from your M". 
Jiaurens which puts me in mind to forward that which I 


told you had been illicitly opened. You will also receive 
two Letters directed to M' J. Walton, one to M'. E. Telfair 
k one to Count Pulaski which T recommend to the protec- 
tion of M^ Gervais or yourself. 

The Marquis Britaigne who v.ill be the bearer of thie is 
anxious that I should recoroemend him to Governor Rut- 
ledge. That will be done Marquis, in pursuance ot an Act 
of Congress by the President — Ahl but I am not acquainted 
with M' Jay. 

I then promised him to write to M'. Gervais & to you, al- 
though he is personally acquainted with both, which gave 
him satisfaction; certainly if I were in Charles Town & the 
Marquis there too, T would shew him every mark of civility 
i\: attention, & T am persuaded my friends will answer 
for me. 

This Gentleman's zeal in our cause must have cost him 
several Thousands of Louis d'ors, besides much personal 
suffering; he has been waiting upon Congress almost a whole 
Year in humble dependence, free from that inquietude which 
from almost all his Countrymen we have been witnesses of, 
\' yet, there has been great stumbling at a proposition for 
allowing him 5000. Paper equal to about 400. Silver Dollars, 
nor did we surmount the difficulty in one step — first 8000. 
then 2000 — carefully adding "he to be accountable.'' we 
swallow Camels k strain at gnats. 

Our friend Baron Stiiben had intimated expectations of 
I>retty large pecuniary compensation, for his expences com- 
ing to & in America over \' above the pay of Major General, 
and also for his own expences & those of M^ Fleury, M'. 
L'enfant k M'. Duponceau, a Report was thereupon intro- 
duced from the Board of War, the whole seemed to me, to 
be incongruous with his propositions at his arrival in York 
Town, I was therefore induced to call tor certain documents 
& papers relative to the subject in order to enlighten such 
of our Members as would otherwise have been ignorant, but 
I made no opposition to the Report, some busy Body must 
have taken an advantage ot my conduct & misrepresented 


me to the Baron, otherwise the following dialogue three 
days ago when he dined with me could never have hap- 

What is the reason M'. Laurens that (/ongress will not 
allow me ray expenees, I told them I was not Rich & I am 
sure the Committee at York Town promised me. 

Why Baron I cannot answer for the conduct of Congress, 
for my own part I would recommend to you not to press 
that subject at the present moment, every Member of Con- 
gress is sensible of your merit & deserving, I cannot just 
now so fully assign reasons, as I may at a future time, but 
if I were to advise, you would delay your demands until our 
aftairs shall be a little better arranged. 

ffjf^ his declarations to me at York Town were that 

he would expect nothing till the end of The War his 

running expenees excepted — Congress gave him two 

or four Horses & a Commission of Major General, paid 

all his Expenees at & travelling from Boston at York 

Town &c — 

Well replied the Baron, for myself I will take your advice 

I will ask nothing yet — I will go to the Army & proceed in 

my duty — but why w-ill they not do something for Fleury 

k the other young Gentlemen who have assisted me in m}' 

work ? 

Congress Sir, will undoubtedly do everything that is just 
k reasonable, there's no Man who has a greater esteem k 
att'eetion for Col*. Fleury than I have, but let us consider a 
little. Baron is not M' Fleury now within one grade of 
Generalship, how long must he have served in his own 
Countrv before he would have arrived at this eminence, 
with hirgo & honorable testimonials in his pocket. 

But my dear M^ Laurens, M'. President he cannot live 
by his appointment, k he must go home if you do not do 
somethiiiiT for him. 

You verv well know Baron, the state of our Armv k the 
state of our finances — if the case be so, that CoK Fleury 
cannot stay with us unless Congress will do something more 


for him & that Congress eaunot do any thing more for 
him, the consequence will be that he must go home, I shall 
be very sorry for it. — 

The Baron, in no small shew of Choler k rage, although 
in presence of 4 or 5 other guests, answered, Then, I shall 
go home, I will not stay. 

O Baron Baron, you had just determined the contrary, 
excuse me for saying, this is really taking advantage of my 
candor, you will make me more cautious hereafter if you 
persist in these sentiments — what else could I have said, 
speaking as an honest Man, if CoK Fleury cannot continue 
with us upon his present appointments & Congress will not 
because they cannot, with propriety, enlarge them — & he 
himself points out the alternative, what else could I have 
said, but I hope Baron you will not make me answerable 
for all the determinations of Congress, when I am there, 
I am an individual & speak my sentiments or give my voice 
without fear prejudice or partiality. I pray you Baron think 
better of this matter. We went to dinner, the Baron looked 
grave, I made attempts to raise him, he retired earlier than 
usual & if 1 do not raistate with a consciousness of a little 
transgression. The Doanites are incessant in their endeavors 
to raise a dis-esteem for me in the minds of foreigners, but 
they make no more impression upon mine than they would 
upon adamant with a (loo^e quill. I will endeavor to do 
right, if I do not g.iin their applause, I shall nevertheless 
etijoy an assurance of having deserved it — to be an honest 
Statesman produces a Man some troubles, but not so many 
I believe as attends a dissembling knavish one, therefore 
I'll pursue the old track. I could recite another conversa- 
tion with a greater Man than Baron Stuben which would 
more than equally astonish you, but, it wont do, kl think the 
irregular measures which are adopted are arguments, prov- 
ing, why it ought not. 

When Baron Stuben first addressed Congress he produced 
a Letter from M^ Deane announcing him Lieutenant General 
& Quarter Master General in the King of Prussians Army, 



hence T was led to give him the Title of Excellency, in my 
early correspondence; sometime after he went to Camp at 
Valley forge I was well informed that he had never advanced 
near the Rank of Lieutenant General, the Baron did not 
say to me that he had, but he did not disown it. M'. Deane 
intimated that at some former time he had seen his Com- 
missions, but that when he was about to leave Paris in order 
to embark for America he was not possessed of them, hav- 
ing left them in Germany, & this moment it strikes me, 
that the Baron might have misconstrued & misapplied my 
question. How long must CoP. Fleury have served ?&c — but 
upon my honor I had no design to touch him nor, as I have 
said above, did I ever think of the subject in this light until 
the present Instant, however if he has committed himself 
it is not my fault, if he felt any thing like an attack it was 
from within his own Breast, neither duty nor inclination 
could possibly have misled me to upbraid a Man with whom 
I wished to have continued in friendship, but the times 
are distempered & the Devils of avarice & ambition are in- 
defatigably improving them to their own advantage. 
'Tis rumored the Enemy have taken the town of Provi- 
dence, I do not believe it — You will see the News Papers 
in M'. Gervais's hands — tell me if my Country Men wish me 
to remain here, I don't mean a few of them, but generally. 

I pray God bless & protect you 

Henry Laurens. 
Lieut*. Colonel Laurens 

South Carolina. 
Endorsed: H. L — to J — 

Philadelphia W\ April 1779. 



Addres.^al : Lieut*. Colonel John Laurens 

Aid de Camp to His Excellency 
the Commander in Chief of the 
American forces. 

now at South Carolina. 

Philadelphia 5"» June 1779. 
My Dear Son — 

I had the honor ot writing to you under the 30** Ult*. 
since which we have received no accounts from Carolina — 
what! has our State determined not to correspond with 
C'ongress? The Lieut*. Governor's late Letter to the Gov'. 
of Virginia soonied to menace somewhat like it. 

(lenenil M'^lntosh will tell you more news than I should 
he able to write in a whole day & you will see the News 
Papers in the hands of M'. Gervais — some four or five 
summer like days have extracted the gouty pains which I 
had com plained of for a fortnight before, but my leg con- 
tinues in a precarious state. 

I i)ray (lod to bless & protect 

Henry Laurens. 

Lieut*. Colonel Jolin Laurens 

South Carolina. 
KlHlni\<iil : II. L to .1. L — 

IMiila.leli^hia 5'\ June 1779 


Philadelphia, 17^ July 1779. 
Mv Dear St>ii. 

Mv last coininunii-ation is dated the 10*** Inst, it was for- 
warded by the hantis of Sickle a public Messenger. 
Yours of the '2:\ .June written I perceive with your left hand 
reached me no earlier than the 12th Inst, this is the Letter 
which M'. Leger left in the custody of Col*, Finnie; you 


refer me very particularly to an anticedent date, but none 
such respecting Military operations in & about Charles Town 
have I seen, recollect if you can, its date & by whom you 
transmitted it. & I will endeavor to discover the defaulter 
or the delinquent. 

Dunlap's Paper of this Morning does not inform us as I had 
expected it would, of the operations of the American Duke 
d'Alva, late Governor Tryon in Connecticut, he landed at 
New Haven burnt part & probably the whole of that Town 
penetrated to & burnt all Fairfield said to be one of the 
prettiest Towns in America, the Militia assembled, at- 
tacked him <fe he fled to his Ships — this is a general sketch 
warranted by Rivington of the 10* Inst, with this difference, 
he says re-embarked. I wish the title of d'Alva may be so 
fixed on Tryon as to be transmitted to posterity & his mem- 
ory held in everlasting contempt. 

Yesterday we received in Congress dispatches from the 
Honorable Arthur Lee Esq' — containing as complete a vin- 
dication, of his own & his Brother William's conduct, as I 
have ever seen in any case, every charge of Deane's 5"*. 
Decem. refuted, every article supported by vouchers — what 
a worse figure will this bad servant make before his fellow 
Citizens to whom he appealed, when his narrative of 139 
Pages of vanity, misrepresentation, falsehood & contradic- 
tion shall pass under the harrow of Lee's Pen — those who 
have hitherto been his supporters, appeared to be unhappy 
while the Papers were reading, tell my friends they will 
find, that my resignation on the 9"*. December was, as I then 
said to them, the greatest act of my Life. " 
I have heard nothinor lately from head Quarters — the very 
plentiful harvest, which we have now secured, leads to ani- 
mation, we are talking of an immediate array of ten or 
twelve Thousand good Militia, these to join the Commander 
in Chief k to attack New York; a motion made by M'. 
Dickinson seconded by M' Drayton that Congress should 

• See The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 
XIII, p. 282. 


join the Array & act en Militaire — this shews more of valour 
in those Gentlemen than of the wisdom & reflection of grave 
Senators, but who can restrain the ardor of fighting Men 
when an opportunity offers? the Motion is on the Table for 
consideration when it can be taken up consistently with 

If I may judge of the state of your Carolina air, from the 
Philadelphia Thermometer you have hitherto had very tol- 
erable weather, I was just now obliged to throw off a lined- 
silk, & to cover my body with a Cloth flannel-lined, wast- 
coat, & I took a little Cold last night by lying under only a 
thick Cotton coverlid, we have not experienced one intol- 
erable day the present Summer. 

I say nothing of my private affairs I know you will aid M'. 
Qcrvais in taki-ng as much thought for them as times will 
admit of. I remain here under the Commands of my fellow 
Citizens when my inclinations strongly bend homeward, 
'tis high time I were there. 

I pray God to bless & protect 


Henry Laurens. 
86 days since we heard 
from So Carolina — 
I interpret nothing amiss 
from this silence. 

Col**. John Laurens 
South Carolina — 

Endorsed: H. L — to J. L — 

Philadelphia 17"*. July 1779. 



Addressed: John Laurens Esquire 

L'. Colonel in the Army 
& Aid de Camp to 
His Excellency Gen: Washington 

Charles Town 

South Carolina. 

Philadelphia 2S^ July 1779. 
My Dear Friend. 

I had the pleasure of writing to you the 17***. Inst by Mes- 
senger Grahnm, we have heard nothing since from Charles 
Town. I feel a little anxiety to know whether & when 
you mean to return to Your General & lest we should miss 
each other on the Road, an accident, which, if it should 
happen, would mortify us exceedingly, but I have not 
marked a day for my departure, I shall quit this great 
House the 12'^. August because I cannot afford the Rent, & go 
for three or four Weeks into cheaper Quarters, my Landlady 
who is as keen an Abigail as any I know, has outwitted 
herself, she wanted to raise the Rent upon me & by a mis- 
calculation I suppose, has let it to my Neighbor Mitchel 
tor 6 or 7 hundred pounds per Annum less than I paid — & 
he has made a firm contract with a penalty annexed. 

Your friend Doctor M^.IIenry is in Town on his return 
from escorting M". Washington to Virginia, he will dine 
with me to day & we'll drink your health. I have heard 
nothing from Head Quarters for a long time but I purpose 
to write to your General by the Doctor, I would give some- 
what considerable for two hours conversation with him on 
certain very interesting & important points. I believe I shall 
pay him a Visit before I leave this Country. 

CoK Gervais, Capt M^'Queen & M'. Wells will communi- 
cate to you the Contents of our latest News Papers & other 
scraps of intelligence which I have transmitted. 

My Dear Son I pray God to bless & protect you. 

Henry Laurens. 


Colonel Dan. Morgan is in Town 
k has applied to Congress to accept hie 
Commission, be complains of Gren Wayne's 
app>ointment to Command the Corps which 
should have been continaed ander him. 
he is a good Officer & we will not part 
Avith him. if persuasion can prevail. 

I am charged bv a great number of 
your friends to present their Compliments 
Gen Gates in a vorv particular manner. 

Col*: John Lauren?. 

Endorsed: H L. to J. L — 

Philadelphia 28*. July 177J*. 



17 Septeni 1779. 
Mv l>ear Son — 

My last Letter t** you is dated the SI"*. July — my 
silence in the mean time has been owing to that uncertainty 
in which I have been held respecting your continuance in 
So. Carolina, everv boilv wijocame from thence assured me 
vou were determined t«> eome this wav very soon, as I re- 
main in the same disagreeable state of suspense I should not 
have written to you now, had I not been charged particu- 
lar! v with a Letter fr<»m vour friend Colonel Hamilton, that 
Letter accompanied by two which I suppose to be from S*. 
Marv Axe. vour Letter intended for M'. Hutson & one for 
M". Petrie you will receive under the present cover. 
1 must refer you as usual to M'. GerA'ais for News, but 
I mav add. we have just reed, advice from Boston that 
our Frisrates Boston iV Deane had captured a Copper bot- 
tomed British Sloop of War: tlie Sandwiek Packet bound 
from New York to Falnioutii: a A'essel with 150 Pipes 
Wine from Madeira: these safe in Port two New York 
Privateers of 10 Guns each, a very Rich Ship from Glasgow 


for N York & oue or two other Vessels — these not yet ar- 
rived, on board the Glasgow-Man was a Box containing 
complete aparatus for counterfeiting our poor Dollars, which 
had been thrown overboard & recovered — Major Gardner, 
ho who was on Port Royal Island, was taken in the Packet, 
you will probably see all these circumstances more particu- 
larly marked in Dunlap's Paper to morrow, I shall be early 
enous:h to send one (»t them. 

If I do not hear from you in a few days I believe without 
further waiting I shall set out for Charles Town altho mj- 
own inclination to pursue duty at this very critical juncture 
& the requests of ray friends press me strongly to remain 
here a little longer 

I should inform you I pray (4<)d to bless You 

Jack Hamm is here a prisoner in the Henry Laurens, 

Character of a common Seaman, T am 
afraid he has forfeited aff Chnrnctrr, 

Lieut*. CoK John Laurens. 

Enrf/tr.<ied: II. L. to J. L. 

Philadelphia 1?". Sep': 1771» 


Philadelphia 21^ Septem 1770 
I had the ]»leasnru niv Dear Son of wriiinjr to vou the 
l?*". Inst, by a Piiblic Messenger, i^ ot receiving on the 19*". 
bv the hand of Capt. Kobor:s vour favor of the 9**' Ult*'.— 
This Young (Gentleman will dine with me to morrow, if I 
can render him servict'S more substantial than bare civilities, 
vour recommendation will hav(» its wciicht, with my own 
feelings respecting him iis a fellow Citizen the Son of a val- 
uable Officer who laid dowi; Ins Life* in the defence of 

I knew, the pride ^ the nau^htinuss of the Hearts of so 
many of our fellow Citizens, would seduce them to spurn at 
the mode you speak of for completing our Confo^deral Regi- 
ments; that the avarice of others would impel them to re- 


volt from the propoeition for erecting black Battalions & I 
long since foresaw & foretold joa the almost insurmounta- 
ble difficulties which wou'd obstruct the progress of your 
lil)eral Ideap. — nothing wonderful in all this — Is it a light 
work to V)ring Men accustomed [one or two words obliter- 
ated] affluence & absolute command, to submit without mur- 
mering to peremptory Orders under the penalty of Corporal 
punishment. And it is certainly a great task effectually to 
persuade Rich Men to part willingly with the very source of 
their wealth &, as they suppose, tranquility. You have en- 
countered rooted habits k prejudices, than which there is 
not in the history of man recited, a more arduous engage- 
ment. If von succeed vou will lav the corner stone for ac- 

V ft'' t/ 

ccnnplishing a prediction of your Grandfather k your name 
will be honorably written <!t transmitted to posterity — but 
even the attemjjt without perfect success, will, I know, afford 
yon unspeakaUle self satisfaction — The work will at a future 
(lay be efficaciously taken up tV: then it will be remembred 
who bei'an it in South Carolina. 

I prospered yesterday in carrying through a Report which 
I had the honor of [)resenting to Congress from a Commee. 
ap[)ointcd to correspond with General Lincoln, recomraend- 
insr Aid to So Carolina bv dispatchini^ three frisrates or 
Armed Ships of War tV the North Carolina Brigade to 
(/harks Town; there was much o|>position to the measure 
from certain qnurters k the Rej)ort underwent some altera- 
tions which may possibly be made use of to defeat my views, 
but as the execution was (/oniniittecl to the Marine Board 
where M". Mathewes Acts as a Member, I have strenuously 
recommended the subject to his attention & I confide greatly 
in his zeal t^ fortitude. — Should we receive certain accounts 
ota French tfleet opcratint^ on your Coast, all that we have 
here determined to attenn)t for vour relict will instantlv be 
reconsidered k probably vanish, 

(Tcntlenien aver that the (■ontinental Frigate [one or tw-o 
words obliterated] advantage to tlu' Port of Boston either 
in a Commercial t'c pecuniary view, or as a defence — on 


the contrary the prizes which those Frigates carry in, work 
a prejudice to the Citizens of that Town by encouraging 
monopolizers & extortioners k by stripping the Port of Sea- 
men who would otherwise be more usefully employed in the 
service of [word obliterated] Merchant Ships & private Ships 
of War — this doctrine strange as it may appear to Men of 
no more than common understanding, is proved & illustra- 
ted by the extreme reluctance with which Gentlemen repre- 
senting Massachusetts & Boston consent to part with them 
only for a few Months in favor of a much distressed Sister 
State, but when some Men talk of defending So Carolina & 
of the necessary measures for recovering Georgia, methinks 
I hear blind Men describing Colours, or Misers haranging 
on liberality. 

Has not So Carolina contributed her quota to the raising a 
Xav)'? Has she not a rightful claim to some of the benefits 
which may be derived from that Navy? Oh I but So Caro- 
lina is defended by taking the enemy's privateers from New 
York, & if you send our Frigates to So Carolina the Enemy 
will soon know it, way lay & capture them — do not the 
Enemy as well know when those Frigates sail from Boston 
on a Cruize for prizes? is it not as practicable for British 
Men of War from Hallifax, Rhode Tshmd & New York to 
way lay them coming out of, \' returning to, the Bay of 
Boston a<? going to Carolina or cruizing from thence? Did 
not they know of the ill concerted enterprize to Penobscot? 
Had I prevailed by my repeated recommendations more 
than twelve Months since, to send three Frigates to Cruize 
near Charles Town we should probably have added three or 
four British Frigates to our American fleet kc &c. 
It has been falsely transmitted to Charles Town that I was 
too closely connected with the Kaj^tern States, you have now 
proof of the contrary k I glory in the reprofich of being 
with no Man, with no parly longer than he or they steers or 
steer by the Pole Star of reason. Justice, reciprocity, 
when Men divere:e into the Road of self Interestedness, I 
walk no further with them In a word, I fear I have given 


offence to some of my friends If it be so, I can't help it, I 
would rather offend ray Father than meanly or wittingly 
transgress against those principles — the offended will upon 
reflection, perceive their mistake & without suit forgive me 
nor will this be a strange Phoenomenon in a true account 
of my Pilgrimage. How many of our Confoederal Ships 
of War have heretofore been Captured or foolishly lost? 
but how many have been captured or otherwise lost in at- 
tempting to relieve or aid the Southern States? answer, my 
friends, these questions fairly & you will see nothing pre- 
posterous in the proposition for sending three Frigates to 
Charles Town — if cruizing [one or two words obliterated] 
Plan they will have as good Cruizing ground from thence 
[one or two words obliterated] any part on our side of the 
Atlantic Sc Boston will be for a little time relieved from the 
burthen of prizes — My very worthy friend Gen. Whipple, 
says in his mild & decent manner, well! well! you'l repent 
this scheme. — but I'll say no more I know my views are 
pure, my design is to promote the general good of the Union 
k I trust we shall be all good friends [one or two words ob 
literated] w. 

My quaiidani opponent Merryweather [obliterated word] to 
whom I never made any approaches, is now not only placid 
but kind pressed me to day to take a side of his Chariot, 
lnouirht me home tV: will eat Sturgeon with me to morrow — 
look at the J(nirnal of Congress the 14'\ May last &c — If 

Mm will be if thev will do these thinsrs, how can I 

help it? 1 [one or two words obliterated] ot be illnatured 
or inexorable. 

But to return to your Letter, I expect soon to hear your 
schemes in Assembly have [H'oved abortive & that j'ou have 
been defeated in your first battle in the Field ot Politics — 
should this be the case I wish indeed to know it soo)i, &. to 
know also your determination respecting a continuance in 
your native clime, in order to rei^ulate mv own movements, 
I should begin my journey homeward in a few days were I 
^ure of meeting you on the Road or at Ansonburgh, mean- 


iiig in a few days after two or three important points shall 
be adjusted in, as honest M'. DufReld stiles it, the great 
Council of these States. 

I have informed Mons'. Girard of M^ Plombards addresses 
to your Senate k House of Representatives & given him 
proper extracts from your Letter & from Colonel Gervais's, 
if the Gentleman has been misled I am in hopes he will see 
his error & retract before it be too late, he must not expect 
uridue countenance either from ^fon8^ Girard or from the 
Cheval' La Luzerne. 

You talk of a heavy tax, what will you say when Congress 
shall call on you for about a million & an half of Dollars per 
Month, a call whicli you must expect to hear [one or two 
words obliterated] the l*^. November. We have solemly 
pledged ourselves [one or two words obliterated] no more 
paper Money when the Amount shall be 200,000,000 Dollars, 
as you will have read in the Circular Letter, this event will 
liappen about the 1". December & we have not yet determined 
upon one article of ways & means for replenishing the Treas- 
ury & carrying oti the War. I feel more fr [two or three 
words oblitered] nt prospect of our aflfairs, than is conven- 
ient to [one or two words obliterated] paper, lest Rivington 
should lay his hands ou my Letter & magnify. — 
I am told Col". Laurens gives exceeding good Madeira Wine 
to his guests at the House in the Garden, whence I presume 
it must be plenty, k cheap in Charles Town, therefore I re- 
quest him to lay in a pipe or two for me before Christmas. 
Colonel Malmadi will be the bearer of this, I don't know 
whether I shall be able to write to M' Gervais by him if I 
do not, I pray you let this Letter [word obliterated] both. 
& if I send but one packet the News Papers will be found 
in that. I commend you to God's protection & remain My 
Dear Son 

Your faithful friend & affectionate Father. 

Henry Laurens, 

Colonel John Laurens. 
South Carolina. 

Endorsed: H. L to J. L- 

Philadelphia 21" Sep': 1770 
at the conclusion 
Madeira Wine 



Philadelphia 27^. Septem 1779. 

My Dear Son. 

I writ to you the 21^ lust, by Col*. Malmedi. the 
25"'. your favor supposed to have been penned the T*. 
reached me, & announced the arrival of Count d'Estaing 
on the American Coast, if the Count has adhered to his 
Resolution of remaining with you only eight days, 'tis to be 
apprehended his achievements in Georgia & So Carolina will 
not excite a nine days wonder; that slackness in our Militia 
which you complain of, is very illy fitted to the Count's spirit 
for entcrprize and celerity — be this as it may, I expect, at 
least, this good eftect from hia appearance, that the Enemy 
will scamper off & overturn the Wright government in 
Georgia & all its appendagos, k I hope for greater things. 
Congress have authorized General Washington to Co-operate 
with the French Admiral & General in such manner as he 
shall judge conducive to public good without applying to 
them for further directions & have strongly recommended 
to the middle k eastern States to give the General all possi- 
Die aid of Men & provisions & also to furnish provisions of 
flour &c tor the use of the Fleet & Army of our Ally. 
That Assembly met yesterday for the sole purpose of ap- 
pointing a Minister Plenepotentiary for treating vrith his 
Britanic Majesty on Peace & Commerce, an Act which in 
my estimation is extremely premature. M'. Adams & M'. 
Jay were nominated, the Ballots twice taken without effect 
—1". Ballot 5 for Adams 4 for Jay 3 States divided— 
2°^. — 6 for Adams. 5 for Jay — South Carolina divided — My 
Colleague had laboured hard two days for carrying a reso- 
lution to disqualify any Member of Congress or any one who 
had been a Member within nine preceeding Months for any 
ofl^ce of trust or emolument under Congress — I opposed the 
Resolution but coincided in the Idea & wished it might be 
understood by the whole House that a Member should not 
be appointed, among other reasonings my Colleague in &yor 


of bis Motion had urged, that the appointment of a Member 
to be a foreign Minister would be degrading; by sending 
one from sovereignty into servitude — you can't suppose I 
could hear such sentiments & forbear laugliing inwardly — 
finding me to be clear in his opinion that on the present 
occasion we ought not to appoint a Member he earnestly 
requested me to think of a proper Character out of doors 
after some hours reflection I named to him M'. John Adams 
as a Gentleman in every respect well qualified, against whom 
there could be no exception & to whom these States were 
much indebted — there rested the matter, until the proposed 
Resolution & its proposed amendment were ousted by Yeas 
& Nays — when the Ballots were about to be taken, my Col- 
league declared for M^ Jay, I expostulated with him on 
what had passed between us; observed, that among other 
motives, I had nominated M^ Adams on his own principles 
& candidl}' & honestly declared to him such exceptions 
against M Jay as neither himself nor any Man could re- 
move, he nevertheless persisted & South Carolina was de- 
prived of a Vote, I explained to Congress in terms nearly 
as above written the ground of our division as an apology 
for my own conduct. 

I think no honest Man will censure me, nor would I have 
it understood that I mean to censure M"" Mathews, we are 
perfectly good friends k I believe him to be a very honest 
Man. I am also persuaded he had not been let into the 
secret of his self-denying motion, but this must be reserved 
as a subject for a future moments discussion.* 

♦this Morning Monday the 27*'*. September according to 
my imaginary foresight will be devoted to the appointment 
of a Minister Plenepotentiary to treat with the Court of 
Spain, on Alliance <fc Amity k Commerce — 

M^ Lee will be, as tis intended & expected, superseded 
by M^ Jay, an avowed & inveterate Enemy — God's will be 
these things I say to you k to my good friend Gervais, & to 


no body else, unless you shall find it necessary, which I hope 
will never happen. 

Nf •'. Solikifer has just informed me, that Sir Charles Hardy's 
C-ruize had been made for reconnoitering & scouring the 
British Channel, finding it clear, he had returned into Port 
iV immediately after, a fileet of upwards of forty Sail, of Mer- 
chant Men — probably under some small convoy sailed from 
Spithead or some port in England, these were more lucky 
than Sir Charles, they foil in with the french or perhaps the 
combined tfioets, it were everv skin ot them conducted into 
Brest—this, Mr. Solikoiter savs he read in a Letter from 
Bourdeaux 4*2 davs old \' he is i^one to look for the Letter, 
if it conies in proper time you will receive an extract. 
When I writ to .\r. Gervais vesterdav I held mv self con- 
fined to a moment iV said \ shouM not write to vou, but a 
violent rain A: other eironmstanoes I suppose were impedi- 
ments to M^ Downs's de[)arture earlier than this Morning — 
You will now be so good as to present my Love to my friend 
tS: communicate these contents. I learn vour black Air Castle 
is blown up, with contemptuous huzzas — a Man of your 
reading \ of your Philosiphy will require no consolatory 
reasonings for reconciling him to disappointment. I pray 
(Tod to bless cS: protect you. 
Colonel John Laurens Henry Laurens. 

South Carolina. 

Mv Dear Son — 

Philadelphia 2^. October 1779. 

I have lately written to you by divers 
opportunities to Charles Town directed in your absence to 
Colonel Gervais, from an opinion that you would have left 
that place k I had suggested to my friends the probability 
of your taking a passage in Couiit d'Estaing's squadron; 
this Idea is countenaced by intimations in your Letter of 
the 3*. Septem- which I received three days since. I there- 
fore expect this will meet you at the Head Quarters of His 
Excellency the Commander in Chief. 


You were put in Nomination in Congress by the Honble. 
M^ Gerr-y the 27*^ Ult». for the Office of Secretary to the 
Minij^terPlenepotentiary at the Court of Versailles & were 
on the 28'**. unanimously elected by eleven, or twelve, States 
— the Salarv not fixed — £1000. St« recommended in a Re- 
port, I shall oppose every thing above £700. — but from what 
fund or funds is even that Sum to be paid? — I know not. 
the appointment is honorable to you in every appearance & 
will put you in a road leading to the service of your Coun- 
try. I know you are equal to the task, nor could I forbear 
my testimony; it was due to a meritorious fellow Citizen, 
but I could not engage for your acceptance — therefore you 
are by no means bound by any promise or even seeming 
promise on my part — I shall be glad to converse with you 
before 3'ou finally determine aye or no. You may, if you 
please, receive from me an honest k faithful & I believe ac- 
curate state of our aftairs foreign & domestic — no attempts 
will be made on my part to induce or dissuade— you will be 
left by me to judge for your self I need say no more but 
that I long to embrace you. 

I pray God to direct you 

in all things & I commend you to 

his protection 

Henry Laurens. 

I might have added one word 
more — I wait here only to know 

your resolution, when I receive that from your self my 
Horses will be put to the vehicle in which I mean to return 
to my own poor distressed wretched Country. — 
Capt. Itoberts's conduct towards the Delegates of So. Caro- 
lina has not done the highest Credit to your recommenda- 
tion — this as a hint. — 5'". October — This address remaining 
on my Table unsealed gives me an opportunity to add, — the 
Salaries of the Ministers Plenipo: are £2500 St«. "^ Ann. 
each — of their respective Secretaries £1000 — in full of all 
expences Ac. my protest against both stands on the Book 


No! — Men 'x\ij are *ific-»:rlv JevoteJ to the service of their 
Country wiil not acc»ri't of .Salaries which will tend to did- 
treisft iu 

Lieat*. Colonel Laaretis. 
Erid/fTHfi : H. L. to J. L — 

Philadelphia 2* 

October 1779 — 


AdihfHHfd: Lieut*- Colonel 

John Laurens 
Aid de Camp 

to His Excellency General Washington 

Boston • 

Vestal, British Frigate 

Xew Found Land 14*^. [break] 
My Dear Son. 

tlic 15*^. day after I parted with you [break 

Heveral words long] Island, that is to say on the 3*. Inst, the 
little Mercury [break several words long] captured by Capt 
George Kei)pel Commander of the Frigate [break several 
wonlrt long] mentioned, we arrived in this Harbor yesterday. 
Think of the best that circumstances will admit [break sev- 
eral words long] have a proper Idea of the very kind treat- 
ment [break several words long] has experienced, and re- 
member, I hold my self k my [break several words long] 
indebted to (^apt. Kc'j)pel. 

Admiral Edwards who commands [break several words 
h)ng] shoar k afloat has ordered the Fairy Sloop of War 
I break Heveral words long] under the command of Capt 
Keppel. I am to be sent [break several words long] M'. 
Young iS: Capt. Pecklo will probably accompany me. 
tlirough all the changing scenes of Lite, you know my 
[break] nd — 1 pray God to bless k protect you. 

Henry Laurens. 

9 ''Philadelphia", in Henry Laurens's handwriting, is stricken out 
and ''Boston" inserted in another hand. 


Capt Keppel very politely delivered me 

your Letters to M". Laurens, these & many 

other papers had through superabundant precaution [break 

several words long] on our part fallen into his hands. 

16"*. Admiral Edwards has been exceedingly [break sev- 
eral words long] to me, so have the several Commanders of 
Men of [break] in Port. Captains Barclay, Prescot, Lloyd, 
B [break] Stanhope &c &c— should their misfortune afford 
an [break] neither your self nor any of my friends will be 
[break] acknowledgements. 
L*. Co?. John Laurens 


On board the Vestal at S». Johns 27"^. 8ept^ 1780 
On the 17'*". Inst. M'. Laurens in pretty good spirits em 
[break several words long] Fairy for England, and, as the 
wind has been fair, we [break several words long] at a safe 
Port. How long Captain Pickles and [break of a word or 
two] in here, we know not. 

With the highest respect and esteem 

I am Sir 
Your Most humble & Obed'. Serv'. 

Moses Young 

Endorsed: S^ Eustatius 21'**. Decem^ 1780. Received under 
cover & forwarded by 


Your Most Obed\ SerV-. 
Via: Baltimore Elliston & John Perot 

Endorsed by Henry Laurens : H. L. to J. L — 

S'. John's Newfoundland 
14*»» Septem^ 1780 


[In Aug^t, 1778, Lieut. -Col. Laurens was sent to Rhode Island to 
take part in the expelling of the British therefrom. The French fleet 
under Count d'E^taing was expected to co-operate with the Conti- 
nental forces, but prior to the action of the 29th at Newport the Count 


announced his intention of sailing to Boston without co-operating with 
the Americans. Col. Laurens went to the Count and protested with 
his usual vigor. * " The following is a fragment of a letter written by 
Col. Laurens at that time. It was probably addressed to his father, 
as it was found in the Laurens Collection, but the endorsement on the 
back is in the handwriting of Moses Young, sometime Secretary to 
Hon. Henry Laurens.] 


I was going on but am called upon the most important 
business — A Council of War on board the French vessels 
have determined that the Squadron ought to go immediately 
to Boston to refit. I am going on board with a solemn pro- 
test against it Adieu 

J Laurens 
Endorsed: Colonel John Laurens 

(no date) — 

10 See Vol. II of this Mairazine, pp. 'Zn-Tt2\ Vol. Ill, p. 10. 


[Confimifdfroiii the Jnlij' Niwiber.^ 



Addressed: Mnjor Harleston ^^ 

iJear Major, 

I herowith send you a permitt for Lieut*: Brown 
to go to Town, and hope he will soon recover his health. T 
also return you the paper. If there is anything new since 
yesterday do communicate it. If you have occasion to write 
home Gen': Moultrie has a servant who will go that way 
tomorrow & will carry a Letter for you. I forgot to deliver 
yon Miss Moultrie's Compts yesterday and to inquire for 
her whether you knew how Miss Ashby Harleston did, and 
whether she had had [break] 11 fro [break] I remain 

Yrs sincerely 

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. 

Memorandum on back: OcV*. 1V\ 1780- 

Ordered That each Officer do in Rotation attend to the 
drawing & distributing of all Rations for the space of one 
Week beginning w*'': Captain Mazyck who will continue to 
Act 'till Thursdav next. The Officers will Order the at- 
tendance of their Servants to assist in Conveying the pro- 
visions to Barracks as the most Convenient place to be 
Served out Sickness alone will be an excuse for escaping 
a Tour — when the next Officer in Succession is to Act 

10 The following memorandum is written across the face: ''A Ball 
Bees Wax. Enq,. for Hats— & of whom a Marquis may be bor- 










I Cm 












< t: 







08 00 

08 V 

O 08 









o^ S-^a^ o 08 







Andrew Smith 
Adam Miller 

Peter Dunwick 



= «' 


O 08 






S o 
<» l> 

-a rH 









• M 





[A Return of the 2nd Regiment.] 

Returu of the S*. Caro: 2*. Rgt. prisoners of War at Had- 
drells point Oct: 20«»- 1780— 

Officers — White Servants Blk Servants — 

Major Harleston — Robert Gamble 

Capts. Mazyck — Toney — 

Warley — 

Shubriek — Blk boy — Peter. 

Baker — 

Proveaux — Sawyer — 

Mason — Cupid — 

Gray — Ferguson 

Lts — Foissin Oliver — 

Kolb— York— 

Laugford , 

Frierson Julius — 

Ogier — 

Evans — Peter — 

Legare Lamb 

Dunbar Sparrow 

Hart — Joe — 

Pay Mas'. Gray Tom — 

Lt — Mazyck Robin — 

J: Hart Adjt: 2*. Rgt, 



[A Return of the 2nd Regiment.] 

Return of }« So. Car. 2*. Rgt. prisoners of War at Had 

(Irells point— Oct. 2H^. 1780— 

OflScers — White Servants Black Servants 

Major Harleston Robert Gamble 

Capts. Mazyck Peter 


Sbubrick Peter 



Mason Cupid 

Gray Ferguson 

Lts. Foissin Tho'. Oliver 

Kolb York 


Friersoii Julius 

In Town Ogier 

Evans Peter 

Legare Lamb 

Dunbar Jn** Sparrow 

Hart Joe 

Mazyck Robin 

Pay Mas^ Gray Tom 



[A Return of the 3rd Regiment.] 

Return of the OtBcers & Servants of the 3* S^ C. Regt 
Now Prisoners of War at Hadrills Point 29 Oct^ 1780— 

Lt. Cop. Henderson Nelson a Slave 

Cap'. F. Warley Sick in Town 

Cap*. Smith Peter MGrew soldier 

Cap*. JoV Warley present Ja'.Swords D** Taylor 

Cap*. Goodwyn 

Cap*. Buchanan Sick in Town J n". Campbell soldier 

Cap*. Baker 

Cap*. Farrer Jacob Bruncin Sol 

Cap*. Liddell 

Cap*. Pollard W». xMyrack D" 

L*. Goodwyn W". Partridge 

L*. Smith Jn\ J^eterkiu 

L*. MGwire Jo\ Williams 

L*. Cap*. Milling 

l)oct^ Martin Cauldwell soldier 

Merry M<Twire Adg*. S** Reg* 
Jn\ (^ Smith Capt. 



[A Rbturn of the IsT Regiment.] 

Return of the Officers & Servants of the first Regim*. of 

So. Caro: Nov'. W /80 

Col: C C. Pinckney Toby a Negro 

Capt". Geo: Turner Isaac Fletcher 

Simeon Theus — Boatswain, a Negro 

Joseph Elliott — Bacchus d*. 

W". Hext^ Andrew Smith 

Charles Lining — Adam Miller 

Sick in T. Thomas Gadsden — Jemmy a Negro 

IX Lieut*. Alex'. Fraser 

John Hainilton Tom a Negro 

Sick in (^o^ John 1*. Ward Hector d'. 

W-. Hazzard Cain d*. 

D". Town. Charles Brown Charles d\ 

William Ward Billy d^ 

D". in Town. George petrie Tom d*. 

James Kennedy Gasp: Brownguard 

Not in y** line f W". Russell peter Dunwick 

\ James Kenny Wexford a Negro 

G Turner 

Capt» !•». Reg* So Car: 

Endorsed: Return 

1'*. Reg'. 



[A Return of the 1st Regiment.] 

Weekly Return of the 1"*. Reg*, of So. Carolina at Had- 

drell's November 1780 

Officers Servants Remarks 

Col: Charles C. Pinckney Toby (Slavey- 

Captains Geo: Turner 
Simeon Theus 
Joseph Elliott 
William Hext 
Charles Lining 

Isaac Fletcher 
Boatswain (Slave) 
Bacchus (d**) 
Andrew Smith 
Adam Miller 

Thomas Gadsden Jemmy (Slave) Sick in Town 

Lieut'. Alexander Fraser D^ 

John Hamilton Tom 
John Peter Ward Hector 

W". Hazzard 

Charles Brown 

William Ward . 

George Petrie 
James Kennedy 

James Kenny 
W". Russeir 




Sick Country 

D^ Town 
Sick Barracks 
D^ Town 

Gaspar Brownguard D^ Barracks 

Wexford (Slave) j Notintheline 
Peter Dnnwick < but returned 


G Turner 

Capt" 1*. R\ 


[A Mutilated Return of the 1st Regiment.] 

Sick ill Town 

d". Count- . 
Sick in Town 
Sick Town 

Xot in V*' Lino 

Lieu^\ Fraser 


Bacchus d**. 
And^ Smith 
Adam Miller 
Jemmy, Negro 

Tom, Ne4i:ro 

J. P. Ward Hector, d^ 
Ilazzard Cain — d^. 

Charl. Brown Charles d". 
W"'. Ward Billy d^ 
George petrie Tom 
Kennedy G. Brownguard 

( \\". Russell P. Dunwick 
( .la". Kenny Wexford — 

G Turner 

Capt" V\ R^'So. Caro. 

8ul»s. 4 absent 

Capt\ 1 4 slaves absent 

Etirhrsfd: Return Say November '2^^ 17^0 

Waiters • Present 




[Lieutenant (ieorge Evans to NLajou Isaac Harleston.] 

Addressed: ^Lijor Harleston 

'2\ S. 0. Re^^ 

Lieut. Kvanss Compliments wait on Major Harleston beg 
the favor of his permission to go to Town L\ Evans's Name 
has been upon the list at General Moultrie's ever since August 
and has been waiting patiently since for leave but have not 
been able to procure leave the Certificate will shew mj^ situ- 
ation which L*. K. beg the Major to take notice of — 

[Tb be eoiitihued in the next ninnher of this magazine,'] 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell Street, 
W. C. London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. Waters, 

not before printed). 

[continued from the JULY NUMBER.] 

James Dunbarr, iJoctor of Medicine, sometime in the 
island of Jamaica, presently in Forress. Will 18 May 1743; 
proved 2 August 1748. To prevent discords amongst my 
nearest friends and relations about my effects after my de- 
cease, I nominate and appoint Archibald Dunbarr of Dyke- 
side, my Eldest Brother German, my Executor, Legator, and 
universall intromitor with all my effects real and personal 
in the Island of Jamaica orelsevvhere to pay my debts and 
legacies, vizt: £50 to Walter Dunbar in South Carolina, 
my second Brother (iorman, and a mourning ring of £5 
value; £40 to George I)uni)arr in York Town, Virginia, my 
third Brother Gorman; a mourning ring value £10 to 
Alexander Grant, son to Thomas Grant of Astronomy, now 
in Kingston in Jamaica. '^Subscribed these presents upon 
stamped paper at Forras before these witnesses: James 
Dunbarr, Surgeon in Forras, and James Dunbarr, Whig- 
maker there. James Dunbarr witnesses also to the original 
Xote, James Dunbarr. Witness James Dunbarr, witness." 

Boycott, 260. 

Ralph Tzard of Berkley County in Province of South 
Carolina. Will 18 September 1757: proved 18 May 1763. 
To my son Ralph Izard my plantation whereupon I now 
live called Burton, my land up the Cypress path left me by 
my father: also land left mo bv mv brother Thomas Izard 
called Mount Boone, and my plantation on Cow Savannah 
bought from Dr. Rind, Mr. (iuoen, and Mrs. Golding; also 
plantation on C'ombabee river given to me by my father 
and my brother Thomas. To my son Walter Izard ray 
plantation on Tomothy Savanna bought from Mr. James 


Deveaux; also lands on Lady's Island left me by my brother 
Thomas. To my daughters Sarah and Rebecca Izard my 
plantation at Woomeraw left me by my father in law Joseph 
Blake Esqre and by my father Walter Izard Esqre. If Mrs. 
Galleghar should be living in my family at the time of my 
decease, £50 to her over and above such wages as may be 
due her. My two houses and two lots of land in Broad 
street, Charlestown, bought from Mr. Manigault and Mr. 
Ruthledge, to my son Ralph, he also to have liberty to take 
my negro dower Joe and all his family at their appraised 
worth. All the rest amongst my children, who are to have 
a liberal education and good upkeep till they are 21. My 
executors to sell to my son Ralph the plate marked R. I. 
Executors and guardians: my Brother in Law Daniel Blake 
and frieods Henry Middleton and Benjamin Smith. Wit- 
nesses: John Butler, Newman Swallow^, Charles Atkins. 

Caesar, 236. 


John Driffill of pon pon in State of South Carolina. Will 
13 February 1789; proved 1 June 1797. To my sister Eliza- 
beth Burks £30, and to the children of my said sister Eliza- 
beth pounds sterling of Great Britain. To my sister 

Mary, married to a man in the 66th Regiment belonging to 
the King of Great Britain, £S0. To the children of my said 
sister Mary £30 to each of them. To my nephew Joseph 
Stow £100. To my brother William Driffel all my wearing 
apparel and £50. To my brothers Richard and Thomas 
DriiFel and mv sister Susan £21 between them. The resi- 
due of my estate between the children of my sisters Eliza- 
beth and Mary. Executors to dispose of my negroes and 
other property not herein willed as they think most advan- 
tageous. Executors: my friends Lewis Morris, Henry Mul- 
holland, William Serjeant. Witnesses: William McKim- 
mey, William Crawford. Exeter, 408. 


George Miller, His Majesty's Consul to the Southern 
States ot America, vizt: North Carolina, South Carolina, 
and Georgia, heretofore resident at Charleston, but now and 
lately residing at Knightsbridge, County Middlesex. Will 
8 January, 1797, proved 12 February, 1798. All my goods 
and estate, whatsoever and wheresoever situated, to my wife. 
In this bequest are comprehended all sums of money in- 
vested in my name in the Books of the Bank of England or 
any of the Public Funds of Great Britain, all my salary due 
as Consul, share of debt due in North Carolina to James 
Gibson and myself placed in the hands of Mr. Robert Don- 
aldson of Fayetteville for collection, and whatsoever may 
be received by my nephew Mr. David Miller of Williams- 
burg in Virginia from John Cowper, executor of William 
Cowper, who wa« an executor of Staples Ivy deceased of 
Xansamond County, being a legacy left by him to his neic^. 
my late wife Mrs. Peggy Miller. Executors : My wife and 
my brother James Miller, Esqr., in the service of the East 
India Company in the Civil Line. My wite to otter some 
small token of remembrance to my brothers and sisters. To 
our faithful servant Alexander Stewart, 5 guineas. Wit- 
nesses: John Campbell, Eliza: Campbell. Codicil 15 June 
1797. Retracts the bequest made to Alexander Stewart, re- 
questing wife to give him up his nc^te of hand of this day 
for £27 3s M. Walpole, 117. 

John Perry, late ot Island of Antigua in America, but 
now of Parish of St. James, Westminster. Will 24 June, 
170«; proved 4 April, 171;]. To the Parish of YoUL'hall, 
where I was born, County Ct)rk, Ireland, ^:)00 to buy some 
lands, the rent of which to be distributed every year at the 
Church Door forever amongst such poor people of Youg- 
hall as the Bisho}) of the Diocese shall designate. To the 
Parish of Christ Cliurch, County Cork, 4' lOO current money 
of Ireland for tlie same purpose. The sum of i:>}00 to be 
laid out in Antegua for the benefit of Parish of St. John's 
Antigua. To the Governor, Council, and Assembly of said 


Ireland, £300 for the benefit of the Public Treasury. To 
my sister-in-law Mary Perry, relict of my deceased brother 
Samuel Perry, £30 a year for life. To my Sister Aiinc Os- 
liourne, widow, and her two daughters, Mary Mills and 
Joyce Osbourne, £200 of money of Ireland each. To each 
grandchild of ray said sister Osbourne which shall be living 
at my decease (except Jo: Freeman, son of James Freeman, 
to whom I have already given £100) £100 of nionoy of Ire- 
land. To my nephew Samuel Perry, £1000 money of An- 
tegua out of such debts as shall be due to me in that Inland. 
To my wife Anne, £100 per annum for life, all household 
fttuft", plate, and furniture. To my daughter Anne Perry, 
£2000, being a debt due to me from Major Long of said 
Island, my house in St. John's Parish aferesaid, next to 
Major Long's Plantation, and £500. To my daughter Do- 
rothy Perry, all money due to me from Patrick Brown, late 
of Antigua. To my daughter Elizabeth Perry, my half of 
the Plantation in the Parish of St. Mary's Antigua and 
£210. To my daughter Mary, all my right to my Planta- 
tion in South Carolina and £500. To my nephew Jonathan 
Perry, son of my Brother Edward Perry, £1000. To my 
Brother Edward Perry, £50 for mourning. To Archibald 
Hutchinson, Esq., £50, Captain John Perne, £10. All the 
rest to my wife and children. Guardians: Archibald 
Hutchinson, Brother PMward Perry, and my wife. Execu- 
tors: my daughters Anne Perry and Dorothy Perrey and 
Brother Edward Perry. Witnesses: Christ Devonsheir, 
John Devonsheir, Christ Devonsheir, junior, all of Bristoll. 

Leeds, 88. 

Thomas Barton of Berkley County, South Carolina. Will 
29 January 1731-2; proved 17 January 1734/5. To my son 
Thomas Barton 150 acres where he now dwelleth, but he is 
to pay a mortgage which lies in the hands of Captain John 
Vandrosse for £650 current money of South Carolina. To 
my beloved son William Barton 150 acres of Land upon the 
Head of the Land. To my beloved son John Barton 150 


acres joyniug to my dwelling house, House and all. To 
my son William two Negroes Sambo and Saterah by name. 
To mv son John two slaves Indian Johnne and Prince. To 
my daughter Ann one Negro Wench named Lucey and 6 
cows and calves of the plantation Mark. All my estate in 
England which came by the death of My Brother John Bar- 
ton to be divided equally among my four children, Thomas, 
William, John and Anne Barton. Executors: Sons William 
and John Barton. Witnesses: Jonathan Stock, John Baker, 
Jno. Young. 

Ducie, 3. 



Daniel Axtell. a merchant of London, was granted lands 
in South Carolina about 1680* and» upon nomination of John 
Archdale. Esq., was elected a landgrave of Carolina by the 
Lords Proprietors, August 10. 1081.* He came to South 
Carolina about this time, but died within a year or two,' his 

1 Carolina ss: pursuant to the Direccons of the Lords prop": on this 

behalf you are to admeasure and lay forth unto M'^. 
Daniell Axtell of London Marcht: one of y« settlers 
of this province three thousand acres of land in som 
Convenient place not yett surveyd. or laid out to any 
other pson or use and if the same happen upon any 
Navigable river or river capable to be made Nav- 
igable you allowe onlie the fifth pte of the Depth 
thereof by the water side and a Certificate fully 
specifying the boimds and scituacon thereof you re- 
turne to us w^''. all Convenient speed Dated y« 13***. 
of December 1680 

To Capt Maurice Mathews Joseph West 

Survey generall Will ffuller 

John Smyth 
(Warrant book 1672 1692, p. 196.) 

May 3, 1681. ** Daniell Axtell of London M'chant *' executed a power 
of attorney to ** John Arnold at p'sent in London now bound for Car- 
olina in America" to enable him to sue or collect money due to Axtell 
by **Christophe" Smi.h and John Fisher or any other psonorpsons in 
Carolina." Nicholas Hay ward, notary; Jacob Waight and Joseph 
Morton, Jr., witnesses. (Records of the governor of South Carolina, 
book 1672-1692, pp. 82-83. ) 

'^ "Public Records of South Carolina" (MS.), Vol. L, p. 12. 

:> By a deed, dated July 31, 1684, John Boddycott conveyed one hun- 
dred acres of land on Ashley River to "Dame Rebecca Axtell the 
relict of the honourable Daniell Axtell one of the Landgraves of the 
province of Carolina deceased". (Conveyance book, 1683-1688.) 

Daniel Axtell by his will made August 3, 1678, gave his "Eldest 
daughter Sibilla", £500., to be paid to her at twenty-one or marriage; 
gave son, Daniel, a like sum, to be paid him when twenty-one; gave 
daughter, Mary, a like sum to be paid her at twenty-one or marriage; 


soil, Hollund, succeeding him as landiyrave.* 

Lady Rebecca Axtell, widow of Laadgrave Daniel AxteU 
resided at her plantation, Newington, near the site of the 
present town of Siimnicrville, for some years subsequent to 
the death of her husband.' September 15, 1705, she was 
granted one thousand acres of land on the north side ot 
Ashley River, V)ounded south by her own lands, eastonGer- 
shom Hawks and Moses Martin, north on James Ford and 
west on John Boisseau and James Ford.. 


gave son, Holland, a like sum, to be paid when twenty -one; gave 
daughters, Rebecca, Elizabeth and Anne, like sums each at twenty- 
one or marriage; appointed wife, Rebecca, executrix and gave her all 
the remainder of his estate; appointed *'faithfull friends Henry Dan- 
vers E^'': & M''. William Benninghton '* assistants to his wife. Wit- 
nesses: Ann Cooper, Mary Catchpoull and Sara Hill. (Records of the 
governor of South Carolina, book 1672-1692, pp. 185-186.) 

This will is also recorded in London, where it was proved July 2, 1687. 
It shows that his former place of residence was Stoke Newington, 
Middlesex, which was a part of London. (See Vol. IV of this maga- 
zine, p. 235.) 

* Carolina ss You are forthwith to Cause to be Admeasured and 

Laid out unto Holland Axtell Esq^ Landgrave in 

Holland Axtell Charles Towne observeing y« Rules & Method Already 

a towne Lott established for Laying out sa : Towne and a Certificate 

fully specify the Number & bounds thereof you are to 
Rtttume to us with all Convenient speed & for yo' soe 
doeing this shall be yo^: Warrant Dated this 23^ day 
of feb*- 1683 4 
To Maj'* Maurice Matthews John Godft-ey Joseph Morton 
Survey Generall Maur: Matthews John Moore 
(Warrant book 1672-1692, p. 291.) 

^ See pages 63, 67, 68, 76 and 77 of the April issue of this magazine. 
• Vol. 38 (copy), p. 498 of abstracts of grants. Sec. of State's office, 


iBSue : 

L Sibilla Axtell. 

n. Daniel Axtell. 

III. Marv Axtell, married — Cuthbert. 

IV. Holland Axtell.^ 

V. Rebecca Axtell. 

VI. Elizabeth Axtell, w, Francis Turgis (issue), who 
dying' she next married, in December, 1698, 
Governor Joseph Blake (issue); d. in 1725 or 

VII. Anne Axtell, married John Alexander, and, after 
his death, Joseph Boone.^° 

^ By his will, made December 17, 1691, and proved before Governor 
Ludwell, May 4, 1692, ** Holland Axtell of Carolina Landgrave, ' * gave 
his mother, Rebecca Axtell, a negro man, named Guy, an Indian boy, 
named Nero, and all his cattle, horses, and ready money not otherwise 
bequeathed; gave brother-in-law, John Alexander, a diamond ring; 
gave brother-in-law, Francis Turgis, two cows, two calves, a mare and 
her colt, and a silver medal; gave sister, Anne Alexander, four silver 
salt cellers; gave sister, Mary Cuthbert £5. to buy a ring; gave Thomas 
Graves a cow and a calf, a pocket pistol and a hone. Witnesses: B. 
Waring, Elizabeth Waring and John Stevens. (Records of the Court 
of Ordinary of South Carolina, book No. 1., 1692-1700, p. 17.) 

» January 13, 1693-7, Elizabeth Turgis, Rebecca Axtell and William 
Cantey executed their bond to Governor Blake for Mrs. Turgis's faith- 
ful execution of her trust as executrix of the estate of Francis Tur- 
gis. Witness: Charles Odingsells. (Ibid, p. 285.) 

• See Vol. I of this magazine, pp. 156-157. 

'0 Mrs. Poyas ('*the Ancient Lady") says (Days of Yore, p. 12) that 
Joseph Boone married Anne, daughter of Governor Blake, but in the 
next paragraph she quotes from Mrs. Boone's will: **I g^ve to my 
beloved nephew, the Hon. Joseph Blake, Esqr., my Dorchester plan- 
tation given me by my mother, called Mount Boone.'* As this Hon. 
Joseph Blake was the only son of Governor Blake it is hard to see how 
Mrs. Boone could be the daughter of Governor Blake and the aunt of 
his son at the same time. As shown by the records she was the ma- 
ternal aunt of the younger Joseph Blake. (See also p. 82 ante.) 


General Andrew" Yesterday died, at his 
plantation at Horse Savannah, Andrew Williamson, Esq; 
late a Brigadier-General in the service of this State. He 
rendered eminent services to this country in suppressing its 
internal enemies at the beginning of the late war, and com- 
manded on the successful expedition against the Cherokee 
Indians in the year 1776. His excellent endowments as a 
tender and nflectionate parent, a sincere friend, and an honest 
man are what makes him no less lamented by his friends 
and famil}', than regretted by those who revere and admire 
such amiable virtues." [More eulogy.] '*His remains will 
be interred this afternoon from the house of Mr. John Wal- 
ker, in Meeting-street." — The Charhston Morning Post, and 
Daily Advertiser, March 22, 1786. 

Captain George Cogdell. — "Died.] On Thursday last, at 
Georgetown, after a short illness of six days, captain George 
Cogdell, late an officer in the 5th continental regiment of this 
state." — The City Gazette cf- Daily Advertiser, Monday, March 
9, 1792. 

Benjamin Elliott. — "Sunday last died at his plantation 
in St. Paul's Parish, Benjamin Elliott, Esq; much lamented 
by a numerous acquaintance." — The Charleston Morning Post 
and Daily Advertiser, Wednesday, January 18, 1786. 

The Estate of a Scholar of Provincial Days. — ''To be 
Sold, all the personal estate of the late Doctor Dale, at his 
late dwelling house in Chtrrch-strcet: The sjile to begin with 
his Library on tuosday the 22d day of this instant January, 
at 4 o'clock in the afternoon precisely, and to continue every 
afternoon 'till all the said Library is sold, a catalogue of 
which may be seen at Mr. Gordon's, Mrs. Lloyds, and Mrs. 
Woolford's: And on thursday morning at 9 o'clock, the 
slaves, cattle and stock, among whom are several very vaU 


uable negroes: And the household goods, on tuesday the 
29th instant. At which times everything will be sold, punc- 
tually to the hours and days mentioned. All persons in- 
debted to the estate of the said Doct. Z)a/(?, are desired forth- 
with to pay the same, and all persons having any demands 
on the said estate, are desired to bring them to 

Hannah Dale, Executrix." — 

Postscript to'^The South- Carolina Gazette^ January 7, 1751. 

One of Dr. Cooper's Witticisms. — "Tom. Cooper, (a 
democrat) now of Northumberland, Pennsylvania,* formerly 
of Birmingham, England, says 'the federalists read little, 
and know \q%?>\' ''—(Viarlcston Courier, Monday, June 18, 

Colonel William Harden.— ''Latt Monday died, in 
Prince William's Parish, Indian Land, greatly lamented by 
all who knew him. Col. William Harden, one of the Honor- 
able House of the Senate, and Ordinary for that District." — 
The South-Carolina Gazette ^* Publie Advertiser , Saturday, De- 
cember 3, 1785. 

The Captured Laurens Papers. — In his narrative of his 
capture while on his way to Holland in 1780 and his im- 
prisonment in the Tower of London {Collections of the South- 
Carolina Historical Societf/, Vol. I, pp. 18 and 20) Henry Lau- 
rens speaks of ''a trunk of papers, chiefly waste", which he 
had had put upon hoard the Mercury, in which he sailed, 
''intending to garble the whole at sea, and preserve the few 
which" he "should think worth saving." He further says 
that when tte flag of the Mercury was hauled down to the 
British frigate that these papers were put in a bag and 
thrown overboard, but that the bag was hooked up by the 
British and that later for arranging the papers ** the British 
Ministry gave Mr. Galloway, according to report, £500 ster- 
ling, and were at farther expense to bind in rough calf, gild 
and letter them in 18 folio volumes, and afterwards returned 

• 1 Later of South Carolina. 

Historical Notes. 179 

the whole to Mr. Laurens again." The following interesting 
reference to those papers, which are now in the Laurens 
Collection of the South Carolina Historical Society, was 
puhlished in The JSouth-CaroUna and Aniericaii General Gazette 
(Pro-British) of Saturday, December 23, 1780: 

"A correspondent observes, 'There can be no doubt but 
the papers found with Mr. Laurens, and most probably his 
own examination, will give the ministry such knowledge of 
his correspondents in South-Carolina as may be productive 
of very important orders, with regard to the admission or 
nonadmission as subjects, of all such persons on parole as 
have hitherto hesitated, whether they shall wait any longer 
for an opportunity to fight or betray us, or assume the ap- 
pearance of loyalty of British subjects.' " 

The First Landgrave Smith's 8ec#nd Marriage. — The 
following record of the license and marriage certificate for 
the first Landgrave Smith's second marriage appears on page 
298 of the book of records of the Governor's office for the 
years 1672-1692, where it was "Enterred the 2^ Aprill 1688-" 

Carolina ss— 

James Colleton, Esq Landgrave and Governo*": of That part of the 
Province of Carolina that lyes from Cape Feare South and West. 

To M^ William Dunlopp 

You are hereby Lycenced To joine together in the holy Estate of 
Matrimony These two persons following vizt Thomas Smith Esq and 
Sabina de Vignon Dowager Van wemhaut provided there be noe law- 
full Lett shewne to you to the contrary: Given under my hand and 
Seale at Armes at Charles towne This twentieth day of March in the 
yeare of our Lord One Thousand six hundred Eighty and seaven 
Ano R R'- 4". 

James Colleton 

Carolina ss. 

These are to certifie to all whome it may conceme That in pursuance 
of a Licence to me directed by the bono**'*' James Colleton Land- 
grave and Governo'": of this Province bearing date the Twentieth of 
this instant I have this day joyned in marriage Thomas Smith E^q 
and Sabina de Vignon Dowager Van wern hout In presence of Bernard 
Schenckingh Esq high Sherriffe of Berkley County William Smith 


Thomas Smith James Barbott gentlemen & divers others In Testi- 
mony whereof I have signed these p^sents this 22 day of March 
168i Will Dunlop 

Signed in p^'sence of Us whoe alsoe did see th above Marriage Cel- 

Barnard Schenckingh Thomas Smith Junior James Barbott Williannh 
Smith Anna Cornelia Van Myddagh. 

July 23, 1687, "hone'"*: James Colleton Landgrave & Gov- 
ernor, of that part of the province of Carolina that lyes South 
& West of Cape iFear" granted letters of administration "To 
Sabina Devignon Relict of John L**. Van Aersien Van Wern 
haut", "late of this Province Deced". 

The inventory of the personal estate shows property ap- 
praised at £861. 8. 1. by James Barbott, Abraham Barbott; 
and "Tho: Smith" and is headed: 

"A true and '^fect Inventory of the goods and Chatties 
late belonging to the Lord Van Wern houd deceased in 
Carolina taken and appraised by us whose Names are here- 
unto Annexed this 24'*^ October 1687." (Records of the 
Governor of South Carolina, book 1672-1692, pp. 290-292.) 

The Death of General Maxcy Gregg. — The following 
contemporary newspaper items fix the time of General 
Maxcy Gregg's death, which is erroneously given in several 
published sketches of him, and show tlie full text of his 
heroic telegram to Governor Pickens, a portion of which is 
quoted on the tombstone over his grave. Judge Haskeirs 
recollection ot the facts verities the telegrram to which his 
name is signed, but Major Harry Hammond claims that the 
teleojram sent l)v General Grescff to Governor Pickens was 


dictated to him (Hammond) and that, according to his recol- 
lection of it, it' was different from that which appears in 
The Charleston Mercury: 

'The Remains of Gen. Gregg arrived in Richmond on Monday 
evening, by the 9 o'clock train, and were immediately sent to Colum- 
bia. Governor Pickens sent to the House of Representatives on 
Tuesday mommg, before which body it was read, the following tele- 
gram received on Monday night, the 15th, from Gen. Gregg himself. 


It was dictated at 6 p. m, the 13th instant, the day of the battle, and 

near the battle field: 

*To His Excellency Governor Pickens: 

*\ am severely wounded, but the troops under my command have 
acted as they always have done, and I hope we have gained a glorious 
victory. If I am to die now, I give my life cheerfully for the inde- 
pendence of South Carolina, and I trust you will live to see our cause 

triumph completely. 

*Maxcy Gregg.' *'—Tke 

Charleston Mercury, Thursday, December 18, 1862. 

**The President laid before the Senate the following telegraphic 

communication : 

^Richmond, December 16, 1862 

*To His Excellency Governor Pickens: 

'Brigadier General Maxcy Gregg died at 5 o'clock on the morning 
of the 15th inst. , near the battle field upon which he fell. His re- 
mains will reach Columbia on the morning of the 18th. 

A. C. Haskell, 
Captain & A. A. G.' "—Pro- 
ceedings of the State Senate published in The Charleston Mercury 
of Saturday, December 20, 1862. 

Manuscripts Wanted. — Members of the Society are re- 
quested to procure for the Society books, maps, portraits 
and manuscripts that will throw ligbt upon the history of 
South Carolina. All gifts will be cared for by the Librarian 
of the Society. Any old letters, land records, or account 
books will furnish ftiaterial for a student to draw from. 


Thomas Riley McGahan, a member of the South Caro- 
lina Historical Society, died at his resideoce, ISo. 21 King 
Street, in the city of Charleston on Tuesday afternoon, Sep- 
tember 26, 1905, at 3.45 o'clock. He was born in Madison, 
Georgia, April 19, 1825, his parents being James McGahan 
and Eleanor Riley McGahan, both of whom came to this 
country' from Ireland. He received his education in the 
schools of Madison, which at that time was one of the most 
flourishing towns in Middle Georgia. His father died in 1837 
and young McGahan went to Fayette County, Georgia, 
where he engaged in the mercantile business and remained 
until 1849. In that year the "gold fever" struck the coun- 
try and Mr. McGahan was one of the "forty-niners'' who 
went to California in search of gold. He went to New Or- 
leans, from there across the Isthmus of Panama, and thence 
to San Francisco aboard a sailing vessel. He remained in 
California for eighteen months, when his health failed and 
he was advised to go East. He returned to his home in 
(reorgia, w^here he slowly recovered from the strain to which 
his system had been subjected while enduring countless hard- 
ships in the rugged West. After staying a short while at 
his home in Madison County he went to Atlanta and became 
connected with a dry goods house. He remained in Atlanta 
until February, 1858, when he came to Charleston and se- 
cured employment with the clothing house of Samuel C. 
Dunn k Co. He afterwards became connected with the 
house of Rankin, Pulliam k Co. and remained with that 
establishment until the owners decided to move to New York. 
He then secured employment as a salesman with the firm of 
Hyatt, McBurney & Company, and later became a member 


of the firm. He remained with this concern until the State's 
Rights War broke out. He enlisted in the Calhoun Guards. 
On account of ill-health he was forced to leave this command 
and then became a blockade runner. He was oh the Cecille 
when she sank and was on the Confederate cruiser i^or when 
she ran into (xalveston in broad daylight through the Fed- 
eral blockade. 

After the war Mr. McGahan returned to Charleston and 
became connected with tlie firm of Edwin Bates & Co. In 
1884 the firm\s name was chani^ed to McGahan, Bates & Co. 
Later the name was cliangcd to McGahan, Brown & Evans, 
and later the name was ai^ain ehauij^ed to T. H. McGahan 
iS: Co. In 1000 Mr. Mc(ialian sold out to the Johnson- 
Crews Co. 

At the time of his death Mr. McCtahan was the president 
of the Exchange lianking and Trust (-ompany, a director 
of the Hibernia Trust and Savings Bank, vice-president of 
the Drake- rnness-<Trrecn ^Shoc Company and vice-president 
of the Standard Hat Comoanv. 

He had been Chairman of the B(»ard of Health for thirtv- 
three years. He was an ox-i»resi(lent of the Hibernian So- 
ciety, ex-president of the Cliamber of Commerce, in which 
capacitv he served about twentv-three vears. At one time 
he was a member of the Boartl of Harbor Commissioners. 

He was one of the oriijrinators ot the Drainaire Commis- 
sion movement and brought all ol his infiuence to bear in 
<j:ettintr the bills tiirouirh the Lcirislature. lie was also as- 
sociated with Dr. I^awrence, foumler of the Isle of Palms. 

He is survived bv three children. Dr. Charles F. McGahan, 
of Aiken, S. C., and Bethlehem, X. H.; Mrs. Robert A. 
Smvthe, of Charleston, and Miss Kmma McGahan, ot 


Abercrombie (recorder of wills) , 26. 
Abergavenny, Great Britain, 120. 
Abner's Creek, 124. 
Adams, Briant, 99. 
Adams, Elizabeth, 135. 
Adams, John, 154 (3), 155 (2). 
Adams, Philip, 1.%. 
Adams, William, 65, 74. 

Addis, , 21. 

Addis, Mrs. Elizabeth (Elder), 21. 

Admon Act Book. 21. 

Agricultural Hall, Charleston, 101. 

Aiken, 101, 183. 

Aiken Jimction, 101. 

Ainslie, John, 93 (2). 

Akins. Thomas, 122 (2). 

Alabama, 102, 116. 

Albemarle Point, 135. 

Aldrich, Judge James, 2. 

Alexander (recorder of wills), 27, 120. 

Alexander, Mrs. Anne (Axtell), 176. 

Alexander, James, 120. 

Alexander, John, 176 (2). 

Allaire, Lieutenant, 84. 

Allen, Andrew, 36. 

Allen, Eleazer, 79. 

Allen, John (So. Ca.), 36. 

Allen, John (Eng.), 23. 

Allston, John, 27. 

Alston, Mrs. Deborah, 116. 

Alston, Mrs. Elizabeth (Turgis) Harris, 

115 (2). 

Alston, Elizabeth, 116 (2). 

Alston, John, 114-116 ; abstract of will 

of, 116. 
Alston, John, son of above, 116 (3). 
Alston, Mary, 116 (2). 
Alston, Peter, 116 (3). 
Alston, Thomasin, 116 (2). 
Alston, William, of Hammersmith, 

Eng., 114 (5). 
Alston, William, grandson of above, 

116 (3). 

Alstons and Allstons of North and 
South Carolina, The, 116, (2). 

Alva, American Duke of, 145. 

America, 20, 24, 25 (2) , 26 (2) , 27, 28, 
50, 98, 118, 120 (2), 121, 137, 140, 143, 
145, 149, 171 (2), 174. 

Amer^an Annals, 69-70. 

American Duke of Alva, 145. 

American Loyalists, 120. 

'^Ancient Lady", 176. 

Anderson, 45. 

Anderson, Abraham, 55. 

Anderson, James, 99. 

Anderson, Major Robert, letter of in 
regard to Fort Sumter, 133. 

Anderson Auction Co., 99. 

Annyson, James, 121. 

Annyson, Mrs. Judith, 121 (3). 

Ansonborough, Charles Town, 27, 152. 

Antigua, 43 (2), 171 (3), 172 (3). 

Appeebee Creek, 64. 

Ararat (mountain in N. C. or Va.), 131, 

Archdale, Gov. John, 116, 174. 

Arethusa Cfrigate), 4. 

Armor, Andrew, 98. 

Army Correspondence of Colonel John 
Laurens, The, 4, 10, 49. 

Arnold, Elizabeth, 126. 

Arnold, J. H. V., 99. 

Arnold, John, 174. 

Arsenal Academy, 44. 

Art in South Carolina (pictures, minia- 
tures, etc.), 124. 

Arthur, An^tace, 122. 

Arthur, Bartholomew, 122 (3). 

Arthur, Mrs. Christian, 122. 

Arthur, Christopher, abstract of will 
of, 122. 

Arthur, Dominick, 122. 

Arthur, Mrs. Katherine, 122. 

Arthur, Patrick, 122. 

Artillery stores, 58. 

Asbury, Bishop, 86. 

Ashby, John, 122. 

Ashepoo, 39 (2). 

Ashepoo River, 30,39. 

Ashington, Eng., parish of, 20. 

Ashley Ferry, 62. 

Ashley Hall (plantation), 90. 

Ashley River, 62, 63 (4) , 65, 68, 69 (3) , 
71, 73, 74, 76, 79 (2), 80 (3), 82, 84 (2), 
85, 88, 94, 128, 130, 134 (3), 174, 175. 

Askey, Thomas, 112. 

Astronomy, 169. 

Atkins, Aaron, 135. 

Atkins, Charles, 170, 

Atkins, Ellen, 135. 

Atkins, Joan, 135. 



Atkins, Johannah, 135. 

Atkins, Mary, 135. 

Atlanta, Ga., 182 (2). 

Atlantic Ocean, 152. 

Atlee, John, 22. 

Atlee, Sarah, 22. 

Attorneys (lawyers) in S. C, 89. 117. 

Axtell. Anne, 175, 176. 

Axtell, Landgrave Daniel, 67, 115, 174 

Axtell, Daniel, son of above, 174, 176. 
Axtell, Daniel (of Sudbury, Mass.), 77, 

78 (2), 86 (2). 
Axtell, Daniel, Jr., son of above, 86. 
Axtell, Elizabeth, 82, 115, 175, 176. 
Axtell, Landgrave Holland, 175 (3), 176; 

abstract of will of, 176. 
Axtell, Mary, 174, 176. 
Axtell. Lady Rebecca, 67, 68, 71, 76, 77, 

82 (2), 174, 175 (2), 176 (2). 
Axtell, Rebecca, 175, 176. 
Axtell, Sibilla, 174, 176. 
Axtell family of South Carolina, 78, 

174 176. 
Axtell, or Blake, plantation (Ncwing- 

ton), 63, 176. 
Bacon, Michael, 74 (2). 
Bacon's Bridge, 19, 63, 73, 74, 8n, 82, 

84 (2), 85 (2) 
Bailing, John Marmaduke, 120. 
Baird, Archibald, abstract of will of. 

Baird, William Archibald, 26. 
Baird, Mrs. Winifred, 26 (2), 27. 
Baker, Capt. Jesse, 60, 113, 16.3. 
Baker, John, 173. 
Baker, Capt. Richard, 16, 19 (2), 53, 54, 

56, 59, 163. 164. 
Baltimore, Md., 159. 
Bampfield. W. H., 117. 
Bank of England, 22, 26, 171. 
Banks, Charles, 26 (2). 
Barbott, Abraham, 180. 
Barbott, James, 180 (3). 
Barclay, Capt., 159. 
Bam, Edward, 122. 
Bamardiston, Nathaniel, 118 (2). 
Bamet, Mrs. Ann, 35. 
Bamet. George, 35 (2). 
Barnwell, Catherine. 119. 
Barnwell, Hon. J. W., 2 (2). 
Baron. Alexander, 35. 
Baronies, 83, 122. 
Barton, Ann, 173 (2). 
Baiton, John, 173. 

Barton, John (younger), 172, 173 (3). 
Barton, Thomas, abstract of will of, 


Barton, Thomas, son of above, 172, 178. 

Barton, William, 172, 173 (2). 

Batchelor. David, 75. 

Bates & Co.. Edwin, 183. 

Battersea, Eng., parish of, 27. 

Bay, the, Charles Town, 31, 39. 

Bay, the. Dorchester, 79 (2). 

Bayer, Edward Otto, 43. 

Baylor, Col. , regiment of, 108. 

Beale, Othniel, 30 (2). 

Beauchamp, Adam, 30. 

Beaufort, 91, 118. 119. 

Beauregard, Gen. G. T., 41, 134 (2). 

Bee, John, 35. 

Bee, John (another), 31, 40. 

Bee, John. Jr., 32. 

Bee, Mrs. Martha (Hext), abstract of 
affidavit of. 29-30, 31 (2), 40. 

Bee, Mrs. Mary (formerly Mrs. Lough- 
ton), 35. 

Beech Hill, 79, 81 (5), 92. 

Belin, Mrs. Sarah, 116. 

Bellas (recorder of wills) , 24. 

Bellinger, Edmund, 124, 125. 

Bellinger, Edmund, Jr., 125. 

Belvidere (plantation), 98. 

Bennington, William. 175. 

Beresford. , 108. 

Beresford. Michael, 39, 40. 

Beresford. Mrs. Susannah (Boone), 39. 

Berkelev Countv. 29 (2), 40, 80, 115 (2), 
116, 124, 125, *169, 172, 179. 

Berkley, Humphrey, 121. 

Berklev, Simon, 121. 

Berrv,* , 6, 106. 

Bethlehem, Eng., 121. 

Bethlehem. N. H., 18^3. 

Bethlehem, Pa., 132. 

Bigg, Joseph, 23. 

Billings, Nathaniel, 65. 66. 

Birmingham, Eng., 178. 

Blake, Anna, 25 (2), 26. 

Blake. Mrs. Anne (Izard), 24 (2), 25, 26. 

Blake (sic), Anne, 176. 

Blake, Daniel (1731 1780) , 93 (2), 94 (3), 

Blake, Daniel (1775-ia34), 25 (6). 
Blake, Governor Joseph ( -1700), 68, 69, 

115 (3), 176 (5). 
Blake, Col. Joseph (1700-1751), 82 (2), 

93, 170, 176 (3). 
Blake, Joseph (1769 1865), 24, 25(10). 
Blake. Joseph (17.. 1889), 25. 
Blake. Robert, 25. 
Blake, William (1739-1803), abstract of 

will of. 24 26. 
Blake, William (17 . 1889), 25 (2). 
Blake family, 90. 

Blake, or Axtell, plantation (Newinir- 

ton>, 63. 
Blakeley. Thomas, 23 (2). 
Blockade runner. 183. 
Bloomburg Square. London, 2fi. 
Board House (plarrtation), 25. 
Board of War, Continental Congress, 

Boddycott, John, 174. 

Boisseau, John, 175. 

Bold, John, 26(2). 

Boiton (recorder of wills), 121, 122. 

Bolton Mines Company, 101. 

Boniliet, Marquis de, 12. 

Bonille, Marquis de, 110. 

Boochawee, 64. 

Books mentioned in early So. Ca., 96-97. 

119, 130,177-178 

Boone, Joseph, 82, 176 (2). 

Boone, Mrs Joseph, 82, 176 (2). 

Boone, Sarah, 39. 

Boone, Susannah, 39. 

Boone, William. 39. 

BooBhoo, 63, 64, 71 (4), 72(3), 76, 77. 

Booshooee, 63, 66. 

Boshoe Creek, 63, TJ, 78. 

Boshoe Swamp, 64. 

Boston, Mas.s,, (i6, ft* (2), 70 (2), 109, 

110, Ul, m, W), 151 (2), 152, 158, 

160 (21 ; bay of, 151. 
Boston (frigate), US. 
Boulton, Thomas, 32 
Bourbon, 110. 
Bourdeaux, France, J56. 
Bower. William, -29 (2), 31. 
Bower, William, son of above 31 
Boycott (recorder of wills), 169. 
Boyd, John, 124. 
Boykin, Samuel, 136. 
Bragg, Josep,!, 117 (2). 
BraHsford, D- 88. 
Brandon. Col. Thomas, 136. 
Branford, John, 83. 
Brecon (town). Great Britain, 119. 
Brecon, county, Great Britain, 119 (3), 

120. ' " 
Breses. Samuel, 125. 

Brest, France, [56. 
Bridwell, Eng., hospital of, 121. 
Briee (ship). 97. 
Bridgeport. Mass., 68, 77. 
Bristol, Eng., 97, 172. 
Briatv.l, Muss,, .^6. 
Britaigne, Marquis, 140. 
British Anny, 108. 
British Ministry^ 3. 
Britishe, Mrs. Elisabeth, 124, 

Broad Path, 77, 79. 

Broad River, 131. 

Broad Street, Charles Town, 170. 

Broadway, Lewis, 99. 

Brodripp (recorder of wills), 117. 

Brooka, Joshua, 65, 66. 

Broughton. Alexander. 27. 

Brown, Charles, 112, 161, 162, 166, 167, 

Brown, Patrick, 172, 
Brown. Col. Thomas, 42. 
Browne (recorder of wills), 122, 
Browne, Elizabeth, 27, 
Brownguard, Caspar. 112, 162, 166, 167. 

Branson, Isaac, 75. 
Brunson, Jacob, 60, 113, 166. 
Bnmson, Joseph, 75.. 
Branton, Eng., 20. 
Bryan, Hugh, Jr., 119. 
Bryan, Jonathan, 32. 
Bryan, Mrs. Mary (Bower), 31 (2). 

Buchanan, . 34. 

Buchanan, Capt. John, 60) 113, 165. 

Buchanan, John, 33. 

Buchanan, Mary, 33. 

Buchanan, Mrs. Sarah (Hext), 34 (2). 

Buchanan, Sarah, 33, 34. 

Buck Creek, 125. 

Buer, Thomas, 56. 

Bull, Mr., strange story of, 130-132. 

Bull, John, 124. 

Bull, Stephen, 1.36. 

Bull, Lieutenant-Governor William. 

(1710-1791), 31, 34, 127. 
Bull, William Izard, 90. 
Bull family of South Carolina, 132. 
Bulline, John, 35. 
Buncker, Catharine, 123. 
Burgoyne, Gen., 10, 11. 
Burke, Thomas, 118 (2). 
Burks, Mrs. Elizabeth, 170 (2). 
Burlinjtton, Elizabeth, 117. 
Burlington, Thomas, 117. 
Burr, William, 122. 
Burton (plantation), 82 (2), 169. 
Burton, Jnmes. 124 (2) 
Butler, John, 170. 
Butler. Major Pierce, 6. 
Butler, William, m. 
Byron, Bnghsh naval officer, 109. 
Cacaw Swamp, 30. 
Caesar (recorder of villa), 170. 
Caldwell, John, 60, 113, 165. 
Calf Pin (plantation), 25. 
Calhoun Guards, 183. 
California, 182 (2). 


Calvert (recorder of wills), 27, 28, 118, 

Camden, 136. 

Campbell, Eliza, 171. 

Campbell, John, 60, 113, 166. 

Campbell, John (another), 171. 

Canada, 48. 

Canterbury, Prerogative Court of, 28. 

Cantey, John, 80. 

Cantey, William, 176. 

Cape Fear, 179, 180. 

Cape Finisterre, 4. 

Cape OrtiMfftl, 4. I 

Capers. William, 16, 19, 59. 

Carlile, Mra. Susannah, 125. 

Carolina, 25, 27, 29 (2), 51, 63. 65 (2), 
66 (6), 67. 69 (3). 70 (2), 73, 74 (2), 
77, 78. 82, 91, 114. 115 (2), 122. 131, 
134, 144, 146. 151, 174 (5). 175, 176, 179 
(2). 180 (2); paper currency of, 88, 
122; Oldmixon's History of. 30. 

Carolina, the, 135. 

CaroHwi, in the Olden Time, 89. 

CarolinaB. the, 130. 

Carroll, B. R., Hiitorieal ColUctiona of 
South Carolina by, 30. 

Carroll, Chancellor J. P., 134. 

Carter, John, 33. 

Casaell, James, 26, 27. 

Casaique, 63. 

Catchpoul, Mary, 175. 

Cattell. William. 93. 

CecilU, the, 183. 

Cedar Grove (plantation). 82. 

Cest, William. 124. 

Chalmers, Lionel, 35. 

Chamber of Commerce. Charleston, 183. 

Chamberlain, Job. 74. 

Champneys, John. 32. 

Chapman, William, 60. 

Chappell, Hicks. 99. 

Chardin, Georjre, 123. 
Charing Cross, 21. 22. 
Charles II., 29 (2). 

Charles Town (chained to Charleston in 
1783), :S. 6, 16, i7. 23. 27, 28, 30 (2), 
31, 32, 34 (2). 35. 3^ (2). 37, 3S, 40.42, 
43, 51, 59. 67, 68 (3), 69, 70. 79 (3), 83 
(8), 84 (2). 85 (3), 105-6, 111,114(2), 
117 (3). 120, 121 (2), 123 (3), 124, 127 
(2), 134, 135, 140, 145, 147 (-), 149. 
150, 151 (2). 152, 153, 156, ITH, 175. 
179; CommiBsioner of Market and 
Workhouse of, 36; first fire engines 
of, 41; great fire of 1740 in, 136; the 
old town of, 134; founding of the new 
town of, 184. 

Charles Town (Charleston after 1?98) 
District, 28; Ordinary of, 28 (2). 

Charleston (OiarlesTown prior to 1783), 
26, 28. 41. 44 (3), 45. 62, 89. 101 (2), 
102, 128, 171, 182 (2). 183 (3); High 
School of. 101; Board of Health of, 
183; Chamber of Commerce of, 183; 
the beginning of, 134; story of a negro 
in an iron cage in, 132. 

Charleston Country Club, 98. 

Charleston County, Probate Court rec- 
ords of, 30 (2), 32, 33 (2). 34 (3), 36, 
38 (3), 39 (2), 40, 115, 120, 127, 130; 
Mesne Conveyance records of, 35, 36, 
64; Drainage Commission of, 183. 

Charleston Courier. %, 134, 178, 

Charleston Harbor, 41; Board of Com- 
■ ■ of, T"- 

181 (2). 
Charleston Mining and Manufacturing 

Company, 101. 
Charleston Morning Post, and Daily 

Advertiser, The, 177 (2). 
Charleston Neck, 25. 
Charterhouse Yard, London, 121. 
Chastaigner, Daniel, 75. 
Chatham, 62. 

Chatham, the Earl of. 97-8. 
Cherokee Indians, 177. 
Chevea, Langdon. 2, 130. 
Chester, Pa,, 107. 
Chew house. Pa., 5. 
Chicken, Capt. George, 79. 
Childsbury, 62. 
China. Susan Emma, 102. 
Chorley. Eng., 26. 

Christ Churcti, Ireland, parish of. 171. 
Christ Church Parish, 40; rMfister of, 

39 (3). 40, 112, 
Christie, Henry, 39. 
Chureh Acts, 30, 79. 
Church Street. Charles Town, 177. 
Churches in South Carolina, 66, 67, 68. 

76, 77, 80, 81, 86, 88. 
Circular Church (Congregational), 

Charleston, 67. 
Citadel Academy (South Carolina Mili- 
tary Academy), 44 (2). 45, 97. 
City Gazette & Daily Advertiser, The, 

40, 41, 98. 136 (3). 177. 
City Hospital, Charleston, 101 (2) ; Board 

of Commissioners of the, 101. 
Civil Service Commission, 46, 
Clapp, Gillflon, 79. 
Clarke, Jonathan, 74. 
Clarkson, Anthony, 43 (2). 



Close, Mary, 124. 

Clemson Agricultural and Mechanical 
College, 97. 

Clerkley, Timothy, 43. 

Cleveland, President, 45, 46. 

Cleveland, Hon. John B.. 2. 

Clinton, Sir Henry, 83, 108. 

Coates, Samuel, 120. 

Coats, George, 34. 

Cobham, Henry, 123. 

Cobia, Francis, 18. 

Cobley, Jemmitt, 117. 

Cochran, Dr., 107. 

Cochran, John, 38. 

Coedell. Capt. George, 177. 

Coke, Joseph, 34. 

Colans, Hon. John, 26. 

Colcock, Prof. C. J., 2. 

Cole's Island, 90. 

Collections of the South Carolina His- 
torical Society f 63, 178. 

College Hill, London, 27. 

Colleton, Gov. James, 179 (3), 180. 

Colleton Barony, 84. 

Colleton County, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 36, 
37, 38, 39. 

Collins, Capt. Richard, 98. 

Columbia, 44 (2). 45 (2). 175, 180, 181. 

Columbia Male Academy, 44. 

Combahee River, 169. 

Commissioners of Fortifications, 130. 

Committee of Twenty-One (Charleston, 
1813), 41. 

Concord, Mass., 65 (2). 

Condy, John, 38. 

Confederate cruiser, 183. 

Confederate States, 101 : flag of, 133- 

Congaree River, 64. 

Congarees, 99 (2). 

Congregational Church, Charles Town, 

Congregational Church, Dorchester, 76, 
77, 81 (2), 88, 91-93. 

Connecticut, 145. 

Continental Congress, 3, 94, 140, 141, 
142, 144, 145 (2), 148, 150, 152, 153, 
154, 155, 157. 

Continental Establishment (army), 5, 
42, 96, 109, 147; records of the regi- 
ments of the South Carolina Line of 
the, 13-19, 53 61, 111-113, 161-168; 
Surgeon General of the forces of the, 
in South Carolina, 82; Hospital ser- 
vice of the, 107. 

Continental Navy, 150, 151. 

Conway, Gen., 49 (2). 

Conway, Mary, 120. 

Cooke, Philip, 122. 

Coon, Conrad, 99. 

Coon, Lewis, 99. 

Cooper, Ann, 175. 

Cooper, Dr. Thomas, 178; Statutes at 
Large of South Carolina edited by, 30. 

Cooper River, 84. 

Coosawhatchie Creek, 117. 

Copahee, 64. 

Coram, Thomas, 28 (2). 

Corbett, Thomas, HI. 

Cordall, Mrs. Mary (Hill), 120. 

Cordall, William, 120. 

Corgill, Cornelius, 124. 

Cork, Ireland, county, 171 (2), 

Corker, Thomas, 123. 

Cornwallis, Lord, 131 (2). 

Cotton Mill, 101. 

Council of Safety, 82, 83, 91 (4), 94, 99, 

Counterfeiting, 149. 

Courier, The Charleston, 96, 134, 178. 

Courstiel, Peter, 38. 

Covent Garden, Eng., parish of, 20, 22. 

Cow Savannah, 269. 

Cowper, John, 171. 

Cowper, William, 171. 

Crane, Joshua Eddy, 68, 77. 

Craven County, 98, 124 (4). 

Crawford, William, 170. 

Crevecceur, Hector St. John de, an inci- 
dent from the works of, 136-132. 

Cripps, Mrs. Joanna, 20. 

Cripps, William, 20. 

Crokatt, Charles, 122. 

Crokatt, James, 121, 122. 

Crokatt, John, abstract of will of, 121- 

Crcoked Hill (plantation), 25. 

Crosbie, John, abstract of will of, 121. 

Croskeys, Joseph, 35. 

Crosse, Matthew, 135. 

Crowter, Mrs. Ann (Elder), 21 (2), 23. 

Croxton, Elizabeth, 40. 

Culpeper. John, 134 (2). 

Curtis, Mr., 69. 

Custer, James, 103, 105. 

Cuthbert, , 176. 

Cuthbert, Mrs. Mary ( Axtell) , 176. 

Cuzach, Capt., 136. 

Cypress (plantation), 25. 

Cypress Barony, 122 (2). 

Cypress Path, 169. 

Cypress Swamp, 83 (2). 

Daken, Simon, 65, 66. 

Dalbv, William, 121. 

Dalcho, Dr. Frederick, 89. 

Dale, Mrs. Hannah (Simons), 178. 



Dale, Dr. Thomas, 177-178. 

Dan River, 131. 

Danforth, Rev. Mr.. 69, 70 (2). 

Daniell, Robert, 27. 

Danvers, Henry, 175. 

Darquier, Moses, 38. 

Dart, Mrs. Amelia (Hext), 35 (2), 37, 

Dart, Benjamin, 35. 37 (2). 
Davice, Mr., 18. 
Davies, James, 98. 
Davies, John, 125. 
Davis, William, 120. 
Dawson, James, 120. 
Dawson, John, 94. 
Days of Yore^ 176. 
de Brahm, Major J. Ferdinand, letter of 

to Major Harleston, 13-14. 
DeVeaux, Andrew, 124. 
DeVeaux, James, 169-70. 
DeVeaux, John Palmer, 119 (2). 
de Vignon, Sabina, 179 (2), 180. 
Deane (frigate), 148. 
Deane, Silas, 142, 143, 145. 
Deanites, 142. 
Dearing, J. L., 134, 
Dee, Mrs. Elizabeth (the elder), 20 (3), 

22, 23 (3) , 24. 
Dee, Elizabeth, daughter of above, 20, 

21, 22 (2), 23. 
Dee, Elizabeth (another), 21. 
Dee, Mary, 23. 

Dee, Sibylla, 20, 21, 22 (2), 23 (2), 24. 
Deer Creek, 30. 
Dehon, W. Russell, 127. 
Deighton, Mass., 78, 86. 
d'Estaing, Count, 154, 156, 159, 160. 
Devonshier, Christopher, 172. 
Devonshier, Christopher, Jr., 172. 
Devonshier, John, 172. 
Devor, Charles, 99. 
Devoul, Lewis, 124. 
Dewar, Robert, 82 (2). 
d'Harriette, Benjamin, 30 (2). 
Dickenson, Mrs. Sybilla, 23. 
Dickinson, Mr., 145. 
Diston, Thomas, 80, 94. 
Dobson, Matthew, 26. 
Doctors (surgeons), 16 (2), 19 (2), 37, 

42, 53 (2), 59 (2), 60, 113, 165, 169, 

Dodington, George, 121. 
Doggett, Ann, 27. 
Doggett, Benjamin, 27. 
Doggett, Elizabeth, abstract of will of, 

Dominica, Island of, 110. 
Donaldson, Robert, 171. 


Donnom, Marjgaret, ;^ 

Dorchester. 176: the history* of, tfi-Ax 

Dorchester. Mass.. 65 i2K 67, 6S; ivc- 

ords of the tirst church at, 6S v2>. t^ 

67. 69. 
Dorchester Cnvk. 6;^ (3>, S4. 
l^rsotshire. &ig.. 29 (2K *^\ 
Douglas, Thomas, 6<>. 
Down, county. \20, 
Downs, Mr.,'l5*>. 
Dowse. Stephen, 76, 
Drake-Inness-GretMi Shix^ Co.. IS;^ 
Draj>er. Sir William, K. C, H,, 97, 98, 
Dravton, John, ViVir of South Carolino 

by, 9i> (2), 
Drayton. Hon William Henry, \At\ 
Drinill. John, abstract of will of, 17t). 
Driffill, Mary, 170 (3). 
Driffill. Richanl, 170. 
Driffill, Susan. 170. 
Driffill, Thomas. 170. 
Driffill, William, 170. 
DuPlessis, Chevallier Mauduit, 47, 48, 

DuPont. Josiah. Lt.-Col. Henderson^ 

letter to. 18. 
Ducie (recorder of wills) , 17H. 
Duffield, Mr.. 15:i 
Dunbar, Capt.. 19. 159. 
Dunbar, Lieutenant, 53, 54, 50, 163, 164. 
Dunbar, Archibald. 169. 
Dunbar. George, 169. 
Dunbar, Dr. James, abstract of will of, 

Dunbar. Dr. James (another), 169. 
Dunbar, James, (wig-maker), 169. 
Dunbar, Walter, 169. 
Duncan Creek. 124. 

Dunlap (newspaper publisher), 145, 149. 
Dunlop. William, 179, ISO. 
Dunn & Co., Samuel C, 182. 
Dunwick, Peter. 162. Um, 167, 168. 
Duponcoau, Mr., 140. 
Durant, Mr., 'Ml 
Durst. , 139. 

Durston Hill, Eng., 22. 
Dnhf to Man (Patrick), 119. 
Dykeside, 169. 
Dyson, Elizabeth. 119. 
Eagle, Richard, 63. 
Eagle's (reek, 6;{, si. 
Easom, J(»hn. 99. 
East, 182. 
East Fifty-third Stnu't. New York City, 

East Florida, 42. 
East India Company, 171. 



Eastern States, 151, 154. 

Eberson, William, 38. 

Edgefield County, 136. 

Edinburgh, Scot., 121, 122. 

Edings, Abraham, 32. 

Edisto Island, 35. 

Edmunds (recorder of wills), 120, 

Education (schools, teachers, etc.), 33, 
39, 40, 80, 93-95, 101, 119, 170. 

Edwards, Admiral, 158, 159. 

Edwards, John, Col. Thomas Neel's let- 
ter to, 98. 

Egremont, Right Honorable George, 
Earl of, 20. 

Elder, Ann, 21, 23. 

Elder, David, 21. 

Elder, Elizabeth, 21. 

Elder, Jane, 21. 

Elder, Mary, 21. 

Elder, Thomas, abstract of will of, 20-24. 

Elder, Thomas, cousin of above, 21 (2). 

Elder, Thomas, son of above, 21 (2), 23. 

Elder, Thomas, son of above, 21 (2) , 23. 

Elder, Thomas, son of Weedon, 23. 

Elder, Weedon, 21 (3) , 23. 

Elder, WilUam, 21 (2). 

Elder coat-of-arms, 24. 

Ellery, Thomas, 40. 

EUicott. Joseph, 30. 

Elliot, Samuel, 43. 

Elliott, Benjamin, 177. 

Elliott, Joseph, 33. 

Elliott, Capt. Joseph, 112, 162, 166, 167, 

Ellis, Margaret, 119. 

Elliston & John Perot, 159. 

Emerson, L. A., 87. 

Emra, James, 43. 

England, 3 (2), 12, 26 (2), 29 (3), 41, 
156, 159, 173, 178; Church of, in South 
Carolina, 67, 79, 80, 88, 89, 119; Bank 
of, 22, 26, 171; South (Carolina Glean- 
ings in, 20-28, 117-125, 169-173. 

Englishbirth, Samuel, 123. 

Enoree River, 124 (2) . 

Etheridge, Mrs. Ann, 32. 

Etheridge, Elizabeth, 32 (2). 

Europe, 3, 12. 

Eutaw Springs, battle of, 84. 

Evans, Gfeorge, 16, 17, 19, 53, 54, 56, 59, 
94, 163, 164; letter of to Major Isaac 
Harleston, 168. 

Evans, Capt. Rowland, 119. 

Exchange Alley, London, 21, 22, 24. 

Exchange Banlcing and Trust Co., 183. 

Exeter (recorder of wills) , 170. 

Fair LawQ Barony, 84. 

Fair Spring (plantation), 82 (2), 85 (2). 

Fairbeard, Anthony, 23.' 
Fairchild, Secretary C. S., 45, 46. 
Fairfield, Ct., 145. 
Fairley, Col. John S., 101. 
Fairy (sloop-of-war) , 158, 159. 
Falmouth, En^., 148. 
Farley, Francis, 43. 
Farrar, Capt. Field, 60, 113, 165. 
Faust, Burrell, 99. 
Faust, William, 99. 
Fayette County, Ga., 182. 
Fayetteville, N. C, 171. 
Fear, Cape, 179, 180. 
Feam, Edward, 22, 23. 
Fenwick, Edward, 34. 
Fenwicke, Robert, 77, 78 (4), 87. 
Fenwicke, Sarah, 40 (3). 

Ferguson, , 163, 164. 

Ferguson, Capt., 134 (2). 

Ferguson's Loyal American Regiment, 

Fermoy, Gen., 9. 
Fincastle, Va., 131. 
Finisterre, Cape, 4. 
Finnie, Col., 144. 

Fire Eingines, Charleston's first, 41. 
First South Street, Summerville, 87. 
Fisher, Rev. Hugh, 74. 
Fisher, John, 174. 

Fisk, William, abstract of will of, 123. 
Flags of Fort Sumter, 133-134. 
Fleet Street, London, 24, 25. 
Fletcher, Isaac, 112, 162, 166, 167. 
Fleury, Col., 51, 140, 141 (4), 142, 143. 
Floating battery, 41. 
Florida, 42. 

Flower, Joseph Edward, 117. 
Floyer, Blanch, 120. 
Foard, Henry, 20. 
Foard, James, 20. 
Foissin, Peter, 16, 19 (4), 53, 54 (2), 56, 

59. 163, 164. 

Ford, , 83. 

Ford, James, 175 (2). 

Forress, 169 (3). 

Fort at Dorchester, 127-130. 

Fort Lyttelton, 91. 

Fort Mcintosh, Ga., capture of in 1777, 

Fort Mifflin, 9, 10. 
Fort Moultrie, 13, 17. 
Fort Sumter, 133-134. 
Fort Washington, 3. 
Foster's Creek, 64 (2). 
Fountaine, Susannan, 123. 
Fourth South Street, Summerville, 73. 
Fox (cruiser), 183. 
Fox, George, 65, 66. 



France^ 4, 8, 10. 106, 110. 

Franklin, Benjamin. 3, 8, 103. 

Frankling, Susannah, 119. 

Eraser, Alexander, 112, 166, 167, 168. 

Eraser, Charles, 96. 

Eraser, James, 120. 

Ereeman, James, 172. 

Ereeman, Joseph, 172. 

Ereer, Solomon, 127 (2). 

French Protestant (Huguenot) churches, 
Charleston, 67; Goose Creek, 76-7. 

French fleet serving in American wa- 
ters, 1779, 150, 154, 156, 160. 

French squadron serving in American 
waters, 1778, 110. 

French West Indies, 3. 

Erey, Baron, 7, 8, 10. 

Erierson, John, 16, 17, 53, 54, 56, 163, 

Eroome, Eng., 31. 

Fry, Mary, 29. 
•Finley, John, 124. 

Fuller, William, 174. 

Fuser, Lt.-Col. Valentine, 41, 42. 

Gadsden, Capt. Thomas, 28, 112, 162, 
166, 167, 168. 

Galleghar, Mrs., 170. 

Galloway, Mr., 178. 

Galveston, Texas, 183. 

Gamble, Robert, 163, 164. 

Gardner, Major, 149. 

Gates, Gen. Horatio, 49 (2), 148. 

Gaultier, Henry, 121. 

Gazettey London, 42. 

Gazette, The South-Carolina, 31, 35, 36 
(2), 41, 42, 98, 135, 136, 178; Marriage 
Notices in, 41. 

Gazette of the State of South-Carolina, 
The (successor of above) , 36, 42. 

Gazette, The South-Carolina and Ameri- 
can General, 4, 41, 98, 179. 

Gazette; And Country Journal, The 
South-Carolina, 37, 42. 

Gazette & Daily Advertiser, The City, 
40, 41, 98, 136 (3), 177. 

Gazette & Public Advertiser, The South- 
Carolina, 178. 

Geiger, Jacob, 86 (2). 

Geiger, Michael, 86 (2) . 

General Clinch, the, 134. 

George II., 37. 

George Street, Charleston, 27. 

George Street, Dorchester, 79. 

Georgetown, 83, 96. 

Georgia, 27, 41, 42 (4), 68, 70, 81 (2), 
88, 96, 105, 130, 137, 151, 154 (2), 171, 
182 (4). 

Germantown, 78 (2). 

Germantown, Pa., 5, 9, battle of, 4-5. 
Germany. 143. 
Gerry, Elbridge, 157. 
Gervais, Hon, John, Lewis, 140 (2) , 143, 
144, 146, 147, 148, 153 (2), 155, 156 

Gibbes, John, Jr., 33. 
Gibbes, Robert, 27. 
Gibbes, William, 33. 
Gibralter, 110. 
Gibson, Benjamin, 99. 
Gibson, Gilbert, 99. 
Gibson, Gilbert, of Congarees, 99. 
Gibson, James, 171. 
Gibson, John, 99. 
Gilbert, Nathaniel, 43. 
Gilbertson, Mr., 69. 
Gildersleeve, Rev. Dr., 70. 
Gill, Mrs. Eleanora (Dee), 20-1, 22, 

Gill, John, 21, 22. 
Gill, John, son of above, 22, 24. 
Girard, Mons., 153 (2). 
Glasgow, Scot., 148, 149. 
Glen, Gov. James, 39. 
Glover, Judge T. W., 134. 

Godfrey, , 31. 

Godfrey, Mrs. Amelia (Hext), 32. 
Godfrey, John, 134, 136, 175. 
Godfrey, Mary, 30. 
Godfrey, Robert, 30, 39. 
Golden Square, London, 22. 
Golding. Mrs., 169. 
Gommell, Richard, 118. 
Gommell, Robert, 118. 
Gommell, William, 118 (2). 
Goodman's Fields, Eng., 120. 
(Joodwyn, John, 60, 113, 165. 
Goodwyn, Capt. Robert, return of 

company of, 99-100. 
Goodwyn, Capt. Uriah, 60, 113, 165. 
Goose Creek, 64, 74, 79, 84. 
Gordon, Mr., 177. 
Gordon, Lieut. Alexander, 21. 
Gordon, Mrs., wife of above, 21. 
Gordon, Rev. Alexander, son of above, 

21 (2). 
(Jordon, Alexander, 118. 
Gordon, James, 26. 
Gordon, Mrs. Jane (Elder), 21 (2. Called 

"Isaac" the second time). 
Gorst, Edward, 26. 
Gorst, James, 26. 
Gorst, John, 26 (3). 
Gorst, or Chaddocke Gorst, Mrs. Mary 

(Lowndes), 26. 
Grorst, or Chaddocke Gorst, Robert, 26. 
Gorst, Septimus, 26. 



Gorton, Abraham, 74. 
Governor's Guards, 44 (2). 

Graham, , 147. 

Grand Council, 63. 

Graniteville, 101 (3). 

Graniteville Academy, 101. 

Grant, Gen., 108. 

Grant, Governor (of East Florida), 42. 

Grant, Alexander, 169. 

Grant, Thomas, 169. 

Granville County, 40, 117 (2). 118. 

Graves, Thomas, 75, 176. 

Gray, Mrs. Ann, 123. 

Gray, Henry, 123. 

Gray, Henry, 16, 53, 163, 164. 

Gray, Capt. Peter, 15, 16 (2) , 53, 54, 56, 

59, 163, 164. 
Gray, Thomas, 134. 
Gray's Inn Square, London, 26. 
Great Britain, 25 (2), 26, 27, 30,31, 32 

(2), 37, 117, 170 (2), 171. 
Greene, Daniel, Jr., 30. 
Greene, Gen. Nathanael, 84. 
Greene, Mrs. Sarah, 30. 
Greenville, 45. 
Greenville District, 44. 
Greenwich, Eng., 21 (2), 23 (2). 
(ireenwich Hospital, Eng., 121. 
Greenwood, 102. 
Greenwood, William, Jr., 125. 
Gregg, Gen. Maxcy, 180-181. 
Grimball, John, 89. 
GrimkCs Lt.-Col. John F., 57, 58, 59. 
Groves, Dr. Joseph A., 116 (2). 
Guerard, E. P., 87. 
Guffell, John, 115. 
Guilford, Ireland, 120. 
Guy, Rev. William, 126. 
Haddrell's Point (now Mt. Pleasant), 

17, 61, 111, 112, 162, 163, 164, 165, 167. 
Halifax, N. S., 110, 151. 
Hall, Capt. Thomas, 16, 19; letter of to 

Major Isaac Harleston, 111. 
Hamilton, Alexander, 139, 148. 
Hamilton, Archibald, 31. 
Hamilton, John (1695), 116. 
Hamilton, John (another), 31. 
Hamilton, John (another), 112, 1^2, 166, 

167, 168. 
Hamilton, Martha, 31. 
Hamilton, Paul, 31 (2), 39. 
Hamilton, Paul, son of above, 31, 34. 
Hamm, Jack, 149. 
Hammersmith, Eng., 114 (2). 
Hammerton, John, Jr., 120. 
Hammett, Thomas, 117. 
Hammond, Major Harry, 180 (2). 
Hampton, Col. Wade, 84. 

Hanahan, Sarah ^ 127. 

Handande, Peter, 125. 

Handes, Richard, 121. 

Hprd, Belle Yoe, 102. 

Hard, Benjamin Curtis, 101. 

Hard, Benjamin Curtis (younger), 102. 

Hard, Emma Lee, 102. 

Hard, Frances Lucille, 102. 

Hard, Frank Yoe, 102. 

Hard, Gertrude Sybil, 102. 

Hard, Henry Craig, 102. 

Hard, Julian Adams, 102. 

Hard, William D., obituary sketch of, 

Harden, Col. William, 178. 

Harding, Ann, 27, . 

Harding, Elizabeth, 27. 

Hardy, Sir Charles 156 (2). 

Hare (iourt, London, 22. 

Harleston, Ann (1719-1740), 122. 

Harleston, Ashby, 161. 

Harleston, Major Isaac, 17, 18, 53, 55 
(2), 163, 164; Major Ferdinand de 
Brahm's letter to, 13-14; Capt. Alex- 
ander McQueen's letter to, 57; Lt.- 
Col. Wm. Henderson's letter to, 58 
Gen. Benj. Lincoln's letter to, 59 
Capt. George Turner's letter to 61 
Capt. Thomas Hall's letter to. 111 
Col. C. C. Pinckney's letter to, 161 
Lieut. George Evans's letter to, 168. 

Harleston, John (-1738), 122 (2). 

Harris, Mrs. Elizabeth (Turgis), 115 (2). 

Harris, John, 115 (4); abstract of will 
of, 115. 

Harrison, President Benjamin, 46. 

Harrison-Tyler administration. 44. 

Hart, Lieutenant, 19, 23, 54, 56, 59, 163, 

Hart, J., 163. 

Hartstine, Commodore, 134. 

Harvey, Ann, 26. 

Harvey, William, 119. 

Haskell, Judge A. C, 180, 181. 

Hawke (brigantine). 43. 

Hawks, Gershom, 77, 78 (3), 86 (2), 87 
(2), 175. 

Hawks, John, 72, 75. 

Hawks, Moses, 87. 

Haynes, Joseph, 60. 

Hayward, Nicholas, 174. 

Hazzard, William 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 

Head of the Land, 172. 

Heath, Benjamin, 118. 

Heather, John, 20. 

Heatly, Charles, 99. 

Heaton, John, 118. 

Hell Gate, N. Y., 132. 



Henderson, Lt.-Col. William, 113, 165; 
letter of to Josiah DuPont, 18; letter 
of to Major Isaac Harleston, 58. 

Hessians, 9. 

Hewat, Rev. Alexander, D. D., 96 
(Huet). , 

Hewell, Great Britain, parish of, 120. , 

Hext, Alexander (-1741), 30, 31, 36. 

Hext, Alexander, son of Francis, 30, i 

33 (6) , 34 (4) : abstract of will of, 34. 
Hext, Amelia, dau. of Hugh, 31. 
Hext, Amelia, dau. of David, 37. i 
Hext, Amias, 31 (2), 32, 38; abstract of 

will of, 38-39. I 

Hext, Amias, son of above, 31, 32, 39 (4) . I 
Hext, Mrs. Ann, 35 (2), 37 (2). ■ 

Hext, Ann, 38 (3). ' 

Hext, David, 31 (2), 32 (4), 33, 35-36, 

37 (3), 40. 
Hext, David, son of Francis, 33 (7), 

34 (5). 

Hext, David (another, died 1759), 37; ' 
abstract of will of, 37 38. 

Hext, Edward, 30, 40 (2) ; abstract of 
will of, 31-32. 

Hext, Edward (another), 38 (3); ab- 
stract of will of, 38. 

Hext, Mrs. Elizabeth (Stanyarne), 33. 

Hext, Mrs. Elizabeth (Arnold), 126, 127. 

Hext, Elizabeth, dau. of David, 35 (3), 

Hext, Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas, 126, 

Hext, Elizabeth, dau. of 2d. Francis, 
33 (2). 

Hext, Elizabeth, dau. of younger Ed- 
ward, 38. 

Hext, Esther, 126. 

Hext, Francis, 31 (2), 32 (4), 39; ab- 
. stract of will of, 32 33. 

Hext, Francis, son of above, 33 (3); 
abstract of will of, 33-34. 

Hext, Francis, grandson of first, 33, 39. 

Hext, George, 126 (3), 127 (2). 

Hext, Grace, 37. 

Hext, Hugh, 29-30; genealogical ac- 
count of the family of, 29 40^ 

Hext, Hugh, son of above, 31, 39 (3), 
40; abstract of will of, 40. 

Hext, Hugh, son of Amias, 31, 32, 39 (4) ; 
abstract of will of, 39. 

Hext, Hugh, son of John, 31 (2), 40. 

Hext, Mrs. Jane (Weaver), wife of 
Alexander, 33, 34 (2). 

Hext, Mrs. Jane, wife of David (-1759), 
37 (2). 

Hext, Jane (1725-1726), 126. 

Hext, Jane (1739-1740), 126 (2). 

Hext, Jane Elizabeth, 34. 

Hext, John, 31 (2), 32 (2), 40 (2). 

Hext, John, son of David (-1759), 37-8, 

38 (2). 
Hext, Joseph, 38; abstract of will of, 38. 
Hext, Mrs. Judith Esther (Torquet), 

126 (11). 
Hext, Katherine, 31. 
Hext, Margaret, 40. 
Hext, Martha, 31. 
Hext, Martha, dau. of David, 36. 
Hext, Martha, dau. of George, 126. 
Hext, Mrs. Mary, wife of Amias, 38, 39. 
Hext, Mrs. Mary, wife of William, 

34 (2). 
Hext, Mrs. Mary, wife of younger Ed- 
ward, 38 (2). 
Hext, Mary, dau. of Amias, 32, 39 (2), 
Hext, Phihp, of Froome, Eng., 31. 
Hext, Philip, of South Carolina, 38 (6) . 
Hext, Philip, Jr., of S. C, 38. 
Hext, Providence, 37. 
Hext, Rebecca, 38 (3). 
Hext, Mrs. Sarah, wife of Francis, 32, 

33 (2), 34; abstract of will of, 34. 
Hext, Mrs. Sarah (Boone), wife of 2d. 

Hugh, 40 (2). 
Hext, Mrs. Sarah, wifeof Joseph, 38(3). 
Hext, Sarah, dau. of Francis, 33 (4), 34. 
Hext, Sarah, dau. of 2d. Hugh, 40 (4). 
Hext, Mrs. Susannah (Boone), 39 (2). 
Hext, Thomas, 31 (5), 32, 37, 39, 126 

(12), 127. 
Hext, Thomas (1733-1765), son of above, 

126 (2) ; abstract of will of, 127. 
Hext, Thomas, son of Hugh, son of 

Amias, 39 (4). 
Hext, Thomas, son of Philip, of Froome, 

Hext, Thomas, son of Philip, of S. C., 38. 
Hext, William, 32, 33 (5), 34; abstract 

of will of, 34. 
Hext, William, son of David (-1759), 

38 (3). 
Hext, William, son of Philip, of S. C, 38. 
Hext, Capt. William, 112, 162, 166, 167, 

Hext family, genealogical records of, 

29-40, 126^127. 
Hey ward, Thomas, 124. 
Hibemia Trust and Savings Bank, 183. 
Hibernian Society, 183. 
Hickory Hill (plantation), Blake's, 25. 
Hickory Hill (plantation), Stanyame's, 

High School of Charleston, 101. 
Hill, John, 36, 75. 
Hill, Samuel, abstract of will of, 120. 



HiU, Sara, 175. 

History of the American Revolution 
(Ramsay), 96. 

Hoare, Charles, 25. 

Hoare Bros., 24. 

Hodge, Benjamin, 99. 

Hodge, Christopher, 43. 

Hoggf Robert, 34. 

HoUand, 178. 

Hollis, John, 23. 

Holmes, Isaac, 122. 

Holmes, Robert, 21, 22, 23. 

Holmes's American Annals, 69-70. 

Holzendorff, Baron, 105. 

Hopkins, David, 99. 

Hopton, John, 27, 28. 

Hopton, Mary Christian, 27 (2) , 28 (2) . 

Hopton, Mrs. Sarah, 27 (2), 28. 

Hopton, Sarah, 27 (2) , 28 (2) . 

Hopton, William, abstract of will of, 

Horn Work, Charles Town, 1780, 57. 

Hornet, H. M. S., 123. 

Horse Savannah, 177. 

Horse stealing, 99. 

Hoiistoun, James, 119. 

Howe, Rev. George, History of the Pres- 
byterian Church in South Carolina 
by, 70 (2), 75, 76. 

Howe, Sir William, 104. 

Howes, the (General and Admiral), 3. 

Hubbard, Thomas, 115. 

Hubbard, William, 99. 

Hudson, Thomas, 121. 

Huger, Col., 111. 

Huger, Daniel, 124. 

Huguenot (French Protestant) Church, 
Charleston, 67; Goose Creek, 76-7. 

Humphry's paper, 12. 

Hunt, William, 120. 

Hunter, Morson & Co., 43. 

Huntsville, Ala., 102. 

Hurricane Hill (plantation), 25. 

Hutchinson, Archibald, 172 (2) . 

Hutchinson, Capt. Matthias, 83, 94. 

Hutson, Mr., 148. 

Hyatt, McBumey & Co. , 182. 

Indian Graves (plantation), 32 

Indian ground, 124. 

Indian Johnne (slave), 173. 

Indian names, 63, 64. 

Indian slave, 176. 

Indian wars, 128. 

Indians, 42, 79 (3), 91, 177. 

Ingrams, Eng., 22. 

Inner Temple, London, 22 (2), 23, 24. 

Inter-State Drill, State Fair, 1877, 44. 

Ireland, 120, 171 (2), 172 (3), 182. 

Irvine, Isabella, 118. 

Irvine, Margaret, 118. 

Irvine, Mrs. Mary (Ogilvie). 118. 

Irvine, Rebecca, 118. 

Irvine, Robert, 118. 

Irving, Alexander, 26. 

Irweuen, Great Britain, 119. 

Island Creek, 125. 

Isle of Palms, 183. 

Ivy, Staples, 171. 

Ivy, Thomas, 122. 

Iwerin, Eng., 29. 

Izard, Mrs. Elizabeth (Stead), 85. 

Izard, Mary, 41. 

Izard, Ralph (-1711), 64, 67, 75. 

Izard, Ralph (1688-1743), 93. 

Izard, Ralph (1717-1761), 82, 93(2); ab- 
stract of will of, 169-170. 

Izard, Ralph (175.-180.), 85 (3), 169, 
170 (2). 

Izard, Rebecca, 170. 

Izard, Sarah, 170. 

Izard, Thomas (1727-1754). 169 (2), 170. 

Izard, Walter (1692-1750), 80, 93, 170. 

Izard, Walter (1714-1759), 41, 93 (2). 

Izard, Walter (175.-1788), 169. 

Izard's Cowpen, 83. 

Izards. the, 80, 83, 90 (2). 

Jackson. John, 99. 

Jacksonborough, 38, 62. 

Jamaica, 169 (3). 

James's Island, 126. 

Jamestown, 62. 

Jay, John, 140, 154 (3), 155 (3). 

Jay, Richard, 20. 

Jenys, Paul, 93. 

Jervey, Theodore D., 2. 

John's Island, 30 (2), 32 (2), 33, 34, 39. 

Johns, John, 99. 

Johnson, Rev. John, D. D., LL.D., 2; 
sketch and plan of the fort at Dor- 
chester by, 127-129. 

Johnson, Gov. Robert, 36. 

Johnson-Crews Co., 183. 

Johnston, Robert, 117. 

Jolly, John, 121. 

Jones, Major David R., 133. 

Jones, Hugh, 119. 

Jones, James, 114 (5), 115 (2). 

Jones, John (1743), 118, 119 (2). 

Jones, John (another, 1743), 119. 

Jones, Rev. Lewis, abstract of will of, 

Jones, Lewis, 119. 

Jones, Samuel, 30 (2). 

Jordan, Dr. John W., 42. 

Kelley, Samuel, 60. 

Kennedy, James, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 



Kenny. James, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 

Keppel, Capt. George, 158 (3), 159. 

Kershaw, Capt. Ely, company of, 99. 

Kershaw, Col. Joseph, 136. 

Killingsworth, J^se, 99. 

King, Mrs. Anne, 20. 

King, Richard, 120. 

King Street, Charleston, 27, 182. 

Kingsley, Zephaniah, 125. 

Kingston, Jamaica, 169. 

Kinloch, Francis, 26. 

Kinnard, George, 27. 

Kitchen, John, 75. 

Knights, Thomas, 39. 

Knightsbridge, Eng., 171. 

Kolb, Josiah, 16 (2), 19 (2), 53, 54, 56, 
59, 163, 164. 

Kollock, Dr. C. W., 2. 

LaBruce, Esther, 116. 

LaBruce, Joseph, 116. 

La Luzerne, Cnevallier, 153. 

la Neuville, Messieurs de, 12. 

Lacey, Gen. Edward, 136. 

Ladson Road, 84. 

Ladson's, 77. 

Lady's Island, 25, 170. 

Lafayette, Marquis de, 10, 48 (2), 51, 

Lamb, . 163, 164. 

Lamboll, Thomas, 29, 32, 35. 

Lamboll Street, Charleston, 27. 

Lancaster, county, Eng., 26 (2). 

Landbeder, Great Britain, 119 (2). 

Langenny, Great Britain, 119. 

Langf ord, Daniel, 16, 17, 53, 54 (2) , 56, 
163, 164. 

Langhome, Rev. Mr., 93. 

Lanigan Falgarth, parish of. Great 
Britain, 119. 

Lanochering, Great Britain, 119. 

Lanuville, Chevillier, 11. 

Lappin, Peter, 55. 

Lashly, ,39. 

Lassiter, William, 99. 

Laurens, Henry (1722-1792), 124; cor- 
respondence of with son, John, 3-12, 
47-52, 103-110, 137-160; captured pa- 
pers of, 178-179. 

Laurens, John (1754-1782), correspon- 
dence of with his father, 3-12, 47-52, 
103-110, 137-160; nominated secretary 
to the Minister to France, 157; The 
Army Correspondence of, 4, 10, 49. 

Laurens, Mrs. Patty (Manning), 139, 

Laurens Collection, South Carolina His- 
torical Society, 4, 99, 179. 

Lawrence, Dr. J. S., 183. 

Lawsone, John, 118. 

Lawyers (attorneys), 39, 117. 

Layland, Eng., 26. 

Lea, George, 30. 

Lea, William, 30. 

Lee, Arthur, 4, 145, 155. 

Lee, Lt.-Col. Henry (** Light Horse 

Harry"), 84, 85. 
Lee, William (of S. C), 99. 
Lee, William (of Va.), 145. 
Leeds (recorder of wills), 172. 
Legar^, Daniel,^ Jr., 127. 
Legar^, James, 16 (2), 19 (4), 53, 54, 55, 

56, 59, 163, 164. 
Legar^, John, 27. 
Legar^, Samuel, 27 (2), 28 (2). 
Legar^ Street, Charleston, 27. 
Leger, Mr., 144. 
Lepoe, William, 120 (2). 
Leigh. Enf., 26. 
L'Enfant, Major, 140. 
L'Escott, Mrs. Frances, abstract of will 

of, 123. 
Lewen, Mary, 27. 

Lewis, , 124. 

Lewis, John, 123. 

Liberty (Ilounty, Ga., 81; History of the 

Midway Congregational Church of, 68, 
Libraries (in S. C.), 130, 177-178. 
Liddell, Capt. George, 60, 113, 165. 

Lightsaps, , 124. 

Lime Street Square, London, 121. 

Limerick, Ireland, 122 (3). 

Lincoln, Gen. Benjamin, 17, 150; letter 

of to Major Isaac Harleston, 59. 

Lines, , 124. 

Lining, Capt. Charles, 28 (3), 112, 162, 

166, 167, 168. 
LislxMi, Portugal, 121. 
Little Russell Street, London, 20, 117, 

Live Oak, the, 40. 
Llamoring, parish of, 119. 
Lloyd, Capt., 159. 
Lloyd, Mrs., 177. 
Lodsworth, Eng., 23 (2). 
London, 3, 20, 21, 23 (2). 24, 27, 36, 79, 

114, 117, 118 (5), 120 (3), 121 (3), 169, 

174 (4) , 175 (2) : Tower of, 178. 
London Gazette^ 42. 
Londwailoff, Great Britain, 120. 
Long, Major, 172 (2). 
Long, John, 23, 24. 
Lord, Rev. Joseph, 65 (3), 68, 69 (4), 72, 

74, 76, 79, 92. 
Lords Proprietors of South Carolina, 35, 

Loughton, Mrs. Ann, 35. 



Lough ton, Anne, 35. 

Loughton, David, 35. 

Loughton, Edward, 35. 

Loughton, Mary, 35. 

Love, William, 60. 

Loveland, Stephen, 20. 

Lovell, Joseph, 20. 

Lovinge, Michael, 67. 

Low-Country (of S. C), 62, 84, yO. 

Lowndes, Edward, abstract of will of, 26. 

Lowndes, Thomas, 26. 

Loyal American Regiment, 84. 

Lucas, Anne, 120. 

Lucas Street, Charleston, 101. 

Ludwell, Gov. Philip, 176. 

Luff, Robert, 23. 

Lympham Parva, Eng., 121. 

Lyttelton, Fort, 91. 

Aladagascar, 135. 

Madeira, 148. 

Madison, Ga.. 182; schools of, 182. 

Madison County, Ga. , 182. 

Maillard, Richard, 23. 

Maillard, Thomas, 23. 

Maior (recorder of wills) , 120. 

Makepeace, John, 26. 

Malmady, Col., 153, 154. 

Manigault, Gabriel, 119 (2), 170. 

Manigault, H. M., 95. 

Manilas, the, 97. 

Manley, John, 26 (2). 

Manning, Secretary Daniel, 45 (2). 

Manuscripts wanted, 181. 

Marbeuf, Joseph LaBruce de, 116. 

Marine Board, 150. 

Marion, Lieut. -Col. (later Gen.) Francis, 
15, 16, 19 (6), 59. 83 (then Cap t.); 
returns of regiment of, 15-17, 18-19, 55. 

Mark Lane, London, 23. 

Martaine, Rev. Mr., 127. 

Martin, Dr. James, 60, 113, 165. 

Martin, John, 16 (2), 19, 56, 59. 

Martin, Moses, 175. 

Mason, Capt. Richard, 15, 16 (2), 19 (2), 
53, 54, 56, 59, 163, 164. 

Masonic, 101. 

Massachusetts, 65, 66, 67 (2) , 68, 69, 70, 
74, 77 (2), 78, 79, 86, 88 (2), 91, 97, 151. 

Massey, William, letter of to the com- 
mandant at Haddreirs Point, 17. 

Mathewes, Hon. John, 150, 155. 

Mathewes, William, 35. 

Mathews, Maurice, 134, 174, 175 (2). 

Matthew, Thomas, 118. 

Mauldin, W. L., 45. 

Maxwell, Gen., 107 (2). 
Tftxwell, William, 43. 
lyne, Edward, 121, 122. 

Mayne, John, 121. 

Mazyck, Capt. Daniel, 15, 16 (2), 19 (2), 
53, 54, 56, 59, 161, 163, 164. 

Mazyck, Isaac, 123 (2). 

Mazyck, Mrs. Mary, 123. 

Mazyck, Lieut. Stephen, 53 (2), 54, 56, 

163, 164. 
McCall, John, 32, 35, 36 (2), 37. 
McCall, Mrs. Martha (Hext), 36, 36, 

37 (2). 
McCrady, Gen. Edward, 96, 135 (3); 

The History of South Carolina Urider 

Royal Government by, 36. 
McFarland, Daniel, 39. 
McGahan, Dr. Charles F., 183. 
McGahan, Emma, 183. 
McGahan, Mrs. Eleanor Riley, 182. 
McGahan, James, 182. 
McGahan, Thomas Riley (1825-1905), 

obituary sketch of, 182-183. 
McGahan, Bates & Co., 183. 
McGahan, Brown & Evans, 183. 
McGahan & Co., T. R., 183. 
McGrew, Peter, 60, 113, 165. 
McGuire, Elijah, 60. 
McGuire, Merry, 60, 99, 113 (2), 165 (2). 
McHenry, Dr., 147. 
Mcintosh, Gen. Lachlan, 144. 
Mcintosh, Fort, capture of, in 1777, 

McKimmey, William, 170. 
McLean, Allen, 119. 
McQueen, Mr., 169. 
McQueen, Capt. Alexander, letter of to 

Major Isaac Harleston, 57. 
Medway River, Ga., 81. 
Meearters, William, 125. 
Meeting House, Charles Town, 67. 
Meeting Street, Charleston, 67, 177. 
Mercury (ship), 158, 178 (2). 
Mercury y The Charleston, 134, 180, 181 

Merlot, Marechal, 12. 

Merri wether, , 152. 

Metheringham, John, 40. 

Mexico, 44. 

Michie, John, 118. 

Middle States, 154. 

Middlesex, county, Eng., 21, 22, 24 (2), 

26. 114 (2), 120, 121, 171, 176. 
Middleton, Arthur (-1686). 64 (2), 67. 
Middleton, Arthur (1681-1737), 93. 
Middleton, Arthur (1742-1787), 41. 
Middleton, Edward, 35. 
Middleton, Mrs. Harriott (Kinloch),102. 
Middleton, Harriott. 102. 
Middleton, Henry, of London, S6. 



Middleton, Hon. Henry (1717-1784), 25, 
40, 93 (2) , 94 (3) , 170. 

Middleton, Hon. Henry A., 102. 

Middleton, Thomas, 25. 

Middleton Place (plantation), 94. 

Midway, Georgia, 70. 

Midway Congrtgational Churchy Lib- 
erty County, Georgia^ History of, 67, 
68, 81. 

Mifflin, Fort, 9, 10. 

Miles, William Porcher, 45. 

Milford. William, 24. 

Miller, Adam, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 

Miller, David, 171. 

Miller, George, abstract of will of, 171. 

Miller, James, 171. 

Miller, Mrs. Peggy, 171. 

Miller, Robert, 75, 83. 

Miller, Thomas, 99. 

Millford, Eng., 22. 

Milling, Capt., 113, 165. 

Mills, Mary, 172. 

Mills, William, 23. 

Milton Place, Eng., 24. 

Mineral Springs, 99 (2). 

Mitchel, , 147. 

Monmouth, county, Great Britain, 119, 

Montagu, Lord Charles Greville, Gov- 
ernor, 38. 

Montgomery, Ala., 134. 

Moore, , 40. 

Moore, James, 64. 

Moore, John, 136, 175. 

Moore, Thomas, 87 (2). 

Moravians, 132. 

Morgan, Col., 7, 9. 

Morgan, Col. (afterwards Gen.) Daniel, 

Morris, Lewis, 170. 

Morse, Dr., 131. 

Morton, Landgrave Joseph, 175. 

Morton, Landgrave Joseph (2d.), son of i 
above, 68, 69 (2) , 174. 

Moses, F. J., Jr., 134. 

Moultrie, Miss, 161. 

Moultrie, Dr. John (1702-1771), 42. 

Moultrie, Hon. John, son of above, 42 

Moultrie, Capt. Thomas, 15. 16 (2), 19 

(4), 54, 55, 56. 
Moultrie, Gen. (sometime Governor) 

William, 28, 57, 83 (3), 96 (2), 124, 

161, 168. 
Moultrie, Fort, 13. 

Moultrie f amilv, items of history of, 42. 
Mount Boone (plantation), 82 (2), 169, 

176. j 

Mount Street, Westminister, Eng., 26 

Mowbray, Mary, 34. 

Moylan, Col., 6. 

Mt. Pleasant, 64. 

Muir, Capt. 97. 

Mulholland, Henry, 170. 

Mullins, Mary, 40. 

Munro, Alexander, 122. 

Murray, Capt. David, 124. 

Murray, Hon. E. B., 45. 

Murray, Susannah, 120. 

Muschamp, G., 115. 

Musgrave, Sir John, 24. 

Myrack, William, 60, 113. 165. 

Nansamond County, N. C, 171. 

Nantasket, 70. 

Napley, John, 124. 

Nawassa River, 131. 

Navy, British, 98. 

Necrology, 44-46, 101-102, 182-183. 

Negroes, 25 (4), 26, 34 (2), 35, 38 (9), 
111, 112, 113, 117, 122, 123, 131, 132 
(2), 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 
170 (2), 173, 176, 178; John Laurens's 
proposition to raise a regiment of for 
service in the Revolution, 47-48, 49- 
51, 137-138, 150, 156. 

Nelstead, Ralph, 121. 

Nesbitt, William, 27. 

New Acquisition Regiment, 98. 

New Cut, 68. 

New England, 65, 69 (2), 70 (2), 74, 130 
(2), 131. 

New Grant, or New Granted, 72 (2), 73. 

New Hampshire, 105. 

New Haven, Ct., 145. 

New Jersey, 107, 109. 

New London, or Willtown, 62, 68, 69, 76. 

New Market, 25. 

New Orleans, La., 182. 

New Summerville, 78, 87. 

New York, 41, 44, 99 (2), 110, 132, 133 
(2), 145, 148 (2), 149, 151 (2), 182. 

New York Life Insurance Company, 46. 

New York Mercury, 42. 

Newfoundland, 158. 

Newhouse, Rev. Thomas, 22. 

Newington (plantation), 25, 63, 66, 67, 
68, 70, 71, 76, 82 (3), 94, 175. 

Newington Creek, 63. 

Newnan, Ga., 68. 

Newport, R. I., 159. 

Newport River, Ga., 81. 

Newspapers, gazettes, 4, 31, 35, 36 (3), 
37, 40, 41 (5), 42 (5), 96 (2), 97, 98 
(3), 186, 136 (4), 177, 178 (2), 179. 





Nicholls, James, 67. 

Nichols, Capt.. 106. 

Nicholson, Sir Francis, Governor, 38. 

Nicklis, John, 114. 

Nisbet, James, 125. 

Noble, Thomas, 21. 

Noger, Mr., 125. 

Norman, William, 65 (2), 66, 68, 69, 71, 
73, 74, 76, 82. 

North, 3, 97. 

North America, 120. 

North Carolina, 96, 131, 171 (2) ; Conti- 
nental brigade of, 150. 

North Island, 96 (2) . 

North River, 107, 109. 

Northumberland, Pa., 178. 

Northumberland, the Duke and Duchess 
of, 22. 

Northumberland House, Eng., 22. 

Oak Forest (plantation), 82. 

Odingsells, Cnarles, 176. 

Ogier. George, 16, 19 (5) , 53, 54, 55, 56, 
59, 163, 164. 

Ogilvie, Alexander, 118. 

Ogilvie, Charles, abstract of will of, 118. 

Ogilvie, Charles, son of above, 118. 

Ogilvie, George, 118. 

Ogilvie, George (younger), 118. 

Ogilvie, John Alexander, 118. 

Ogilvie, Margaret, 118. 

Ogilvie, Mrs. Mary, 118. 

OTCelly, Peter, 66, 70. 

Old Summerville, 87 (3). 

Oldmixon, Jonathan, History of Caro- 
lina by, 30. 

Oliphant, Dr. David, 82. 

Oliver, , 163, 164. 

Orange Lodge, 101. 

Orangeburg County^ Salley's History 
o/, 99. 

Orangeburg Road, 82. 

Orr, Rev. William, 126. 

Ortugal, Cape, 5. 

Osborn, Thomas, 27. 

Osborn, William, 38. 

Osboume, Mrs. Anne, 172 (2). 

Osboume, Joyce, 172. 

Osgood, Rev. John, 81. 

Osgood, Thomas, 74, 77. 

Osgood, Thomas, Jr., 74. 

Otranto Club house, 64. 

Our Forefathers (Poyas), 89. 

Owen, Elizabeth, 117. 

Owen, Mrs. Frances, 117. 

Owen, Hugh, Jr., 119. 

Owen, Jeremiah, 117 (3). 

Owen, Thomas, abstract of will of, 117. 
i^en, William, 134. 

Owen's Lodge (plantation), 117. 

Oyster Point, 134. 

Packrow, John, 127. 

Pacolet River, 125, 131. 

Palmer, Joseph, 115. 

Palmer, Lucia, 119. 

Palmetto flag (S. C), 133-134. 

Palmetto Regiment, 44-5. 

Palmetto Street. Summerville, 87. 

Panama, Isthmus of, 182. 

Parker, Thomas, 25. 

Parliament of Great Britain, 3. 

Paris, 3, 130, 143. 

Parishes established, 79. 

Parris Mountain, 44. 

Parry, James, 120. 

Partridge, William, 99, 113, 165. 

Patreau, William, 127. 

Patrick's, Bishop, Duty to Man, 119. 

Patterson, Gen. (British), 61. 

Pawley, Col., 119. 

Pearson, Thomas, 23 (2), 24. 

Peckle, or Pickles, Capt., 158, 159. 

Pee Dee River, 64. 

Peirce, Michael, 13S. 

Pennsylvania, 132, 159, 178; Historical 

Society of, 42. 
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and 

Biograpku, 145. 
Penobscot, Me., 151. 
Percival, Col. Andrew, 76, 82. 
Percival plantation, 80. 
Peme, Capt. John, 172. 
Perot, John, 159. 
Perry, Mrs. Anne, 172. 
Perry, Anne, 172 (2). 
Perry, Dorothy, 172 (2). 
Perry, Edward, 172 (4). 
Perry, Elizabeth, 172. 
Perry, John, abstract of will of, 171-172. 
Perry, Jonathan, 172. 
Perry, Mrs. Mary, 172. 
Perry, Mary, 172. 
Perry, Samuel, 172 (2). 
Perry, Samuel (younger), 172. 
Peter, John, 38 (2). 
Peter, Mrs. Tabitha (Bower), 31, 32. 
Peterkin, John, 60, 113, 165. 
Peters, Elijah, 99. 
Peters, Solomon, 99. 
Petrie, Mrs., 148. 
Petrie, Alexander, 16, 59. 
Petrie, George, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 
Petworth, Eng., 20 (4), 21 (2), 22 (3), 

23 (3), 24 (2). 
Philadelphia, Pa., 3, 9, 106. 109. 110, 

136, 139, 143, 144 (3), 146 (2), 147, 

148, 149 (2), 153, 154, 156, 158 (2). 



Phipps, Anna, 34. 

Pickens, Gov. F. W., 134, 180 (3), 

181 (2). 
Pickles, or Peckle. Capt., 158, 159. 
Pin Hill (plantation), 25. 
Pinckney, Charles, 30 (2). 

Pinckney, Col. Charles Cotes worth (1746- 
1825), 5, 6, 112, 162, 166, 167; letter of 
to Major Isaac Harleston, 161. 

Pincknev, Capt. Thomas, 2. 

Pine Hill (plantation), 94. 

Pitt, William, 97. 

Plainsfield (plantation), 68. 

Plate, 170. 

Pleasant Hill (plantation), 25. 

Plombard, Mr., 153. 

Plymouth (recorder of wills), 118. 

Poland, 8. 

Pollard, Capt. Richard, 60, 113, 165. 

Pollet, Mrs. Phillis, 21. 

Pollet, Thomas, 21 (2). 

Pollet, William, 21. 

Pon Pon, 31, 170. 

Pon Pon River. 38 (2), 68, 125. 

Ponds, The, 79, 82. 

Pope, Joseph, 114. 

Porcher, - , 83. 

Port Roval Island, 118, 149. 

Portugal, 121. 

Postell, William, 94. 

Postells. the, 83. 

Potter, William, 121. 

Pound Street, Pet worth, Enjf., 20, 21. 

Powell, Mrs. Ann, 119. 

Powell, John, abstract of will of, 119^ 

Powell, Mary Beatrice, 28. 
Powell, Robert William, 27. 
Powell, William Hopton, 27, 28. 
Poyas, Mrs. Elizabeth Ann, 176. 
Pratt, Mrs. Elizabeth Baker, 70. 
Pratt, Thankful, 70, 77. 

Pratt, William, 65 (2), 67 (2), 68 (3), 
69 (4), 70 (4), 71 (3), 72, 74, 75, 76, 
77 (2). 

Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 28. 
Presbyterian Church in So. Ca., 92; 

Howe's History of the, 70 (2), 75, 76. 
Prescot, Capt., 159. 
Prdvost, Gen. Auprustine, 83. 
Prince William's Parish, 124, 178. 
Prioleau, Ann, 32. 
Prioleau, Philip, 32. 
Prioleau, Mrs. Providence (Hext), 35, 

37 (3). 
Prioleau, Samuel, Jr., 32, 35, 37 (3). 
Proctor, Thomas R., 133. 

Proveaux, Capt. Adrian, 15, 16, 19 (4), 
53, 54, 56, 59, 163, 164. 

Providence, R. I.. 143. 

Province Island, 8. 

Prussia, the army of the king of, 142. 

Public Records of South Carolina (MS.) , 

Pulaski. Count, 140. 

Purcell, Capt. James John, 123. 

Purry, Charles. 119 (2). 

Purrysburgh, 62. 

Purves, Col. John, 136. 

Putler. Edward, 23. 

Quakers, 136. 

Quakers Meeting: (picture), 121. 

Quary, Robert, 136. 

Quebec. 110. 

Radcliffeboro, 89. 

Radnor, 62. 

Ramsay, Dr. David. 96 (2) ; The Revolu- 
tion in South Carolina by, 96. 

Randolph. James, 99. 

Range '^. 99 (2), 100. 

Rankin. Pulliam & Co., 182. 

Rattray, Julian, 25. 

Raynal, Abb^;, 132. 

Reading, Mass., 65. 

Records of the First Church at Dor- 
chester, New England, 65. 

Red Hill, 87. 

Reed, Lawrence, 35 (2). 

Reed, Thomas. 26. 

Reeve, Ambrose, 117. 

Reeve, Lewis. 119. 

Regiment, Fortieth British, 26; Sixty- 
Sixth, 170; Palmetto, 44-5. 

Regiments of the South Carolina Line, 
Continental Establishment, records of 
the; 13-19, 53-61, 111-113, 161-168; 1st., 
mentioned. 5. 112, 162. 166, 167, 168; 
2d., mentioned, 15-17, 18-19, 53, 54. 55. 
56, 59. Ill, 163, 164; 3d., mentioned. 
60, 99. 113, 165; 5th., mentioned, 16, 
17. 177: 6th., mentioned, 16. 17, 113. 

Reid. Andrew, abstract of will of. 117. 
Reid, James, 'SS. 
Reid, James (another), 117. 
Remington. John, 123. 

Revolution in South Carolina, Ranlsay's 

History of the. 96. 
Revolutionary War, 82 (2). 83 (2), 85, 

89 (2) , 92, 93, 130 (2) , 132. 
Rhett, Robert Barnwell (1828-1905), 102. 
Rhett, William, Jr., 79. 
Rhode Island, 110. 151. 159. 
Rice, 42-43. 132. 
Richardson, Mrs., 24. 



Richardson, Capt. Edward, company 

of, 99. 
Richland Battalion. 44. 
Richland Rifle Club, 44 (2) . 
Richmond, Va.. 180, 181. 
Right, John, 121 (2). 
Right, Mary, 121 (4). 
Rind, Dr., 169. 
Rmgs, 27, 169. 
Rioch, Alexander, 27. 
Rivers, Elias L. . 126. 

Rivers, William J., Sketch of the History 
of South Carolina by, 30. 

Rivington, newspaper publisher, 145, 

Roberts, Capt. Brooks 149. 157. 
Roberts, Joseph, 112. 
Robertson, Alexander. 122. 
Roche, Mrs. Anstice (Arthur), 122. 
Roche, Francis. 122. 
Roche, Patrick, 122 (3). 
Rockingham (recorder of wills) , 117. 
Rogers, Lieut., 19. 

Roper. Mrs. Grace (Hext), 35. 37 (2). 
Roper, William, 37 (2). 
Roper Hospital (old). 101 (2). 
Rose, Mr.. 71 (2). 
Rose Creek. 63. Hill, 83. 
Rose's, or Rose's land, 71 (2), 72 (2). 

73, 77. 

Roux, Capt. Albert, 15, 16 (2). 56. 59. 

Royal Hospital. Greenwich, Eng. , 21. 

Russell. Nathaniel. 28 (2). 

Russell, William, 112, 162. 166. 167, 168. 

Rutledge, Mr., 170. 

Rutledge. Andrew, 39. 40. 

Rutledge, Edward, 40. 

Rutledge, Mrs. Henrietta (Middloton), 

Rutledge, Dr. John. 40 (2). 
Rutledge, Governor John, son of above, 

Rutledge, Mrs. Sarah (Hext). 31. 40. 
Sacheverell, Dr. Henry, 30. 
Sacheverell, John, 29. 
Sacheverell. Mrs. Marv. 29. 
Sacheverell, Thomas ('?), 29 (3), 30. 
Sacheverell, Thomas, son of above, 29 

(2) . 30. 

Sacheverell, Thomas, son of above, 29 

Sacheverell, Thomas, son of above. 29 

Salem, N. C.. 132. 
Salem Reai^ter, The, 96, 
Salkehatchie River, 34. 

Salley, A. S., Jr., 1, 2 (2), 29. 114, 174; 
The History of Orangeburg County 
by, 99. 

Saluda River. 124 (2) . 132. 

Sams Robert, 39. 

San Francisco, Calif., 182. 

Sandwich (packet), 148. 

Santee River, 64. 

Saratoga, Convention of, 10. 

Satilly, Ga., 42. 

Satur, Jacob, 79, 80. 

Satur. Ihomas, 75, 79. 

Savage, George, 43. 

Savannah (plantation). 25. 

Savannah River, 25. 

Save v. Peter. 75. 

Saw mill, 77. 78. 

Saw Mill Branch. 63. 78 (2). 

♦'Saw mill land", 78. 

Sawyer, , 163. 

Saxby, Mrs. Elizabeth. 34. 

Saxby, (ieorge, 34. 

Schenckingh, Bernard, 179, 180. 

Schools, 80. 93-95. 101, 119. 

Scott. Capt. Edward, 119. 

Scott, Elinor, 123 (3). 

Scott. John, 119. 

Scott's Bluff (plantation), 39. 

Seabrook, Elizabeth, 30. 

Seabrook, John, 30 (2). 

Seabrook. Mrs. Mary. 30 (3). 

Seabrook, Mary, 30. 

Seabrook. Richard, 30. 

Searlc (recorder of wills) . 123 (2) . 

Selma, Ala,. 116. 

Senf. Lt.-Col. Christian. 96. 

Serjeant. William. 170. 

Shaftesbury, the Earl of. 63; barony of 
the Earl of. 76. 130. 

Sheldon. 19. 

Sheldon. Rev. Geoij^e, 76. 92. 

Shem. or Shemee. Creek. 64. 

Shepard's tea farm. Dr. C. U.. 63. 

Sherman's army, 101. 

Shingle ton. Sarah. 33. 

Shubrick. Capt. Thomas. 16. 17, 53, 56. 
98 (2). 111. 163. 164. 

Shultz's Lake. 80. 82. 

Sickle. , 144. 

Silliman, B. D.. Major Robert Ander- 
son's letter to. 133. 

Simmons. John. 74. 

Simms. Wm. Gilmore, 4, 10. 41. 

Sim Ills' s Monthly Magazine, 116. 

Simpson, J.. 25. 

Simpson, James, 27. 

Sixtn South Street. Summerville, 87. 

Skene, Alexander, 80, 93. 



Skene, John, extract from the will of, 

Skottowe, Ann Langford, 125. 

Skottowe, Aug^tine, 125. 

Skottowe, Coulson, 125 (2). 

Skottowe, Coulson (younger), 125. 

Skottowe. Edward Massing bird Bel- 
linger, 124. 

Skottowe, George Augustus Frederick, 

Skottowe, John. 125 (3). 

Skottowe, John Bellinger, 124. 

Skottowe, Nicholas, 125 (2). 

Skottowe, Nicholas (younger), 124. 

Skottowe, Thomas, abstract of will of, 

Skottowe, Thomas Britishe, 124. 

Slann's Bridge, 80 (2). 

Slaves, 25 (4), 26. 30, 31, 33 (2), 34 (2), 
35, 38 (9), 39, 40. 80, 111, 112. 113, 117, 
122, 123. 131, 132, 150, 162, 163, 164, 
165, 166, 167, 168, 170 (2), 173, 178; 
John Laurens's proposition to raise a 
regiment of negro, 47-48, 49-51, 137- 
138 156. 

Small, Rev. Robert, 40. 

Smallpox, 111. 

Smallwood, Matthew, 33. 

Smith, Lieut. A., 60, 113, 165. 

Smith, Andrew, 112, 162. 166, 167, 168. 

Smith, Mrs. Anne (Lough ton), 35. 

Smith, Mrs. Barbara, 135. 

Smith, Benjamin (1718-1770),;^"), 170. 

Smith, Christopher, 174. 

Smith, D. E. Huger, 2. 

Smith, George. 135. 

Smith, Henry A. M., 2 (2), 127 (2), 128; 
a sketch of the history of Dorchester 
by. 62-95, 130. 

Smith, John, of Booshoe, 63 (3), 64 (3), 
71 (2), 174. 

Smith, John, (another), 124. 

Smith, Capt. John Carraway, 60, 113, 
165 (2). 

Smith, Mrs. Mary (of Booshoe), 64. 

Smith, Mary (1732), 40. 

Smith, Paul, 135. 

Smith, Robert, 27. 

Smith, Samuel. 39. 

Smith, Samuel, Jr., 39. 

Smith, Thomas (1670), 135. 

Smith, Landgrave Thomas (1st.), date 
of the arrival of in South Carolina, 
135-136; the second marriage of, 179- 

Smith, Landgrave Thomas (2d.), 135 
(2) , 180 ' 2) . 

Smith. Thomas, of London (1746), 120. 

Smith, Thomas (1789), 94. 
Smith, William (1688), 179. 180. 
Smythe, Mrs. Robert A., 183. 
Snelling, John, 99. 
Snow, George. 43. 

Snowden, Yates, 2, 99; letter of in re 
Cr6vecceur. 130-132. 

Solikifer, or Solikoffer. Mr., 156 (2). 
Somerset, Charles, Duke of, 20. 
Somersetshire, Eng., 31, 121. 
Somerton, 62. 
Sons of the Revolution, Society of the, 

South Bay, Charleston, 102. 

South Carolina, 3. 10. 20. 23, 25 (5) . 26 
(4) , 27 (3) . 28 (2), 30. 31. 32, 67. 43. 44 
(4), 50, 62, 65 (3), 66. 68. 73. 83, 101. 
102. 105, 114 (3), 115 (2). 117 (3), 118 
(4), 119, 120 (3), 121 (2), 122 (2), 123 
(3) , 124, 132 (3) , 136 (3) , 138. 139 (2) , 
143, 144 (2), 146 (2). 147. 148. 150 (2). 
151 (4). 15^. 154 (2), 155, 156. 169 (2), 
170. 171, 172 (3), 174 (2J,178, 179 (2), 
180. 181 (2) ; Attomey-CJeneral of, 27; 
books of, in, or about. 96-97, 119, 130; 
Commons House of Assembly of the 
Province of, 30, 36 (2); Council of 
Safety of. 94; Court of Equity of, 
44. 86; Court of Ordinary of the 
Province of, 176; Delegates of to the 
Continental Congress, 1779, 157; Demo- 
cratic Convention of. 1876. 45; 1882. 
45; Diocese of, 90; flag of, 133; Gen- 
eral Assembly of. 88, 91. 138. 139, 152: 
Governors of; mentioned. 28. 36. 38 
(2). 39, 68. 115, 116. 140. 176 (6), 179, 
180; records of the Governor of. 115. 
116. 174. 175. 180; Grand Council of. 
63. 134; Historical works on, 96-97; 
House of Representatives of, 180; 
Legislature of, 183; library of the 
State of, 97: Lieutenant-Govenor of, 
1779. 144; Low-Country of. 62; Presi- 
dent of. 1776. 98; Privy Council of. 28. 
98 (2). 138; seal of. 28; Secretary's 
office of. 27. 63 (2), 64 (4). 67. 71, 78, 
91; Secretary of, 28; Superintendent 
of Education of. 44; Surveyor-Generals 
of. mentioned. 134, 136, 174. 175; Car- 
roll's Historical Collections of. 30; 
Cooper's Statutes at Large of. 30. 91; 
Howe's History of the Presbyterian 
Church in, 70 (2). 75. 76; Ramsay's 
History of the Revolution in, 96; Riv- 
ers 's Sketch of the Histonj of 30. 

S*yuth -Carolina and American General 
(kizette. The, 4. 41, 98. 



South Carolina Canal and Railway Com- 
pany, 87 (2). 
South Carolina College, Board of Trus- 
tees of, 45; library of the, 97. 
South-Carolina Gazette, The, 31, 35. 36 
(2), 41, 42, 98. 135, 136; Marriage No- 
tices in, 40. 
South-Carolina, The Gazette of the State \ 

of (successor of above) , 36. 
South-Carolina Gazette; And Country 

Journal, The, 37, 42. 
South-Carolina Gazette & Public Adver- 
tiser, The, 178. 
"South Carolina Gleanings in England'', 

20-28, 117-125, 169-173. 
South Carolina Historical Society, 1, 4. 
42, 44, 99, 101, 102 (2), 132, 178. 182; 
Collections of the, 63, 178. 
South Carolina Line. Continental Estab- 
lishment, 5; records of the regiments 
of the, 13-19, 53-61, 111-113. 161-168. 
South Carolina Military Academy (Cita- 
del), 44 (2), 45. 97. * 
South Carolina Under the Royal Gov- 
emment. The History of (McCradv) . 
South Island. 96. 
Southern Railway, 77, 78. 
Southern States, 152; British Consul to 

the, 171. 
Spain. 137, 155. 
Sparrow. John. 163, 164. 
Spencer, William. Jr., 34. 
Spithead, Eng., 156. 
Springer. Dr. Sylvester, 16. 19 (2). 53, 

St. Andrew's Parish. 79, 80; register of. 

37, 116. 
St. Augustine, 42 (2). 
St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Eng., 121. 
St. Bartholomew's Parish, 30, 38 (2). 
St. Colomba. Monsieur, 10. 
St. Eustatjus, 159. 

St. George's Parish, Dorchester, 62, 80 
(2), 81 (2). 88, 95. 130 (3); parish 
church of, 88-90. 92; Episcopal Church 
of, 89; library of, 180. 
St. George's Troop, 130. 
St. Helena Island. 31. 40. 
St. Helena's Parish. 118. 
St. James, parish of. Eng.. 21. 171. 
St. James Place, London. 2Z. 
St. John's, Antigua, parish of. 171. 172. 
St. John's, Newfoundland. 159 (2). 
St. John's Parish. Berkeley. 116. 
St. John's Parish. Colleton, 32, 33. 36. 
St. Martins-in-the-Field, Eng., parish 
of, 21. 

St. Mary Axe. Eng.. 51, 148. 

St. Mary Matfellon. Eng., 120, 

St. Mary Whitechapel, Eng.. 120. 

St. Mary's, Antigua, parish of, 172. 

St. Mary's River. 42. 

St. Michael's Church, Charleston, 67. 

St. Paul's Church, RadcHffeboro. 89. 

St. Paul's Church. Stono, 89. 

St. Paul's Parish, 30. 81. 

St. Philip's Church. Charles Town 

(Charleston). 67. 
St. Philip's Parish, 36; register of. 31, 34. 

'35. 36. 37 (2). 
St. Quentin. Mr., 24. 
St. Sepulchres. Eng. . charity school for 

boys in. 121. 
St. Thomas and St. Denis's Parish, 

register of. 116. 
Stacey. Rev. James. 68. 81. 
Stallsville, 73. 

Standard Hat Company. 18^3. 

Stanhope, Capt.. 159. 

Stanyame. Mr.. 33 (2). 

Stanyarne, Elizabeth, 33. 

Stanyame, John, 33. 

Stanyarne, Sarah, 34. 

Stanyarne. William, 36. 

Stanyarne. William, son of above. 36. 

Starke. Gen., 49. 

State Fair. 1877. 44. 

State's Rights War. 41, 44. 183. 

Stay tape. Mr.. 47. 

Steuben. Baron de. 106, 140. 141, 142 
(3). 143. 

Stevens. Cecil. 117. 

Stevens. John (So. Ca., 1691), 70, 71 
(4), 72.73. 74, 77. 93. 176. 

Stevens. John (England. 1802). 26. 

Stevens, Dr. Samuel. 93. 

Stevens family. 73. 

Stevens's Bridge. 74. 80. 

Stewart. Alexander. 171 (2). 

Stewart. Daniel. 86, 87 (2). 

Stewart. Daniel, son of above. ^, 94. 

Stewart. James R.. 95. 

Stewart, John (1691). 115. 

Stewart. John (1760). 87. 

Still. . 31. 

Still. Elizabeth, 32. 

Still. Hannah. 32. 

Still. Mrs. Katherine (Hext). 32. 

Still. Katherine, 32. 

Still. Philip, 32. 

Sterling, (ien. Lord, 109. 

Stock, Jonathan, 173. 

Stoke Newington, Eng., 175. 

Stono Inlet, 91. 

Stono River, 33, 40, 68, 79. 89. 

: vnE\ 


Stow. Joseph. ITp. 
Strachan, Strgrarei. 122. 
Strahan •recorder of wills ». 11**, 
StraDC. the, Lcmdon. 21. 
Strobel. ETnma Bachman. iMl. 
Strut's Warehouse. Londor.. 24. 
Sundbur}-. Mass.. to. 77. 
Sullivar.. Gen. John, 1(»9. 
Suinmer\-ille. 62 «2t. 6J^ t?*. 73. 7> i4». 

•<6 <2.. >7 i2i, !!^. Sy. 9<i, 92. 9.=i u^K 

127 175: P^resbyterian parsonap*' in. 

92: Presb3-teriar. Church in. 93. 
Sumner Increase. tK» <2k, 66, 6S, 70. 74 

<2>. 77. 
Sumner. Nathaniel, 74. 
Sumner. Samuel. 66. 70. 74. 
Sumter, !(•!. 
Sumter. Fort. 133-134. 
Sumter Avenue. Summerville, 73. 87. 
Sunbur>' Place. Engr.. 24 i2K 25. 
Surgreon-General of the Continental 

Forces in South Carolina, S2. 
Surre\'. county. Enp., 22. 24, 27. 
Sur\evor-Generals of S. C, mentioned, 

134,*136. 174. 175. 
Sussex, county. Eng., 20 (2). 21, 22 (2), 

23 (2l, 24. 
Sutton, Eng-, 20 (2). 
Sutton Hall, Eng.. 20. 
Swallow, Newman, 170. 
Swords, James, 113. 165. 
Taplev, John, 99. 
Tar. 77. 

Tarleton, Lt.-Col. Banastre, 84. 
Tattnall, Thomas, 39, 40. 
Taunton River, Mass., 78. 
Taylor, John. 23. 
Taylor, Peter, 94. 

Taylor, Samuel, of Great Britain, 120. 
Tea farm in S. C, Dr., C. U. Shep- 

ard's, 63. 
Telfair, E.. 140. 
Telfair, William, 124. 
Tennessee, 130. 
T/?f.s?.s-, H. M. S.. 4. 
Theus, Dr. Jeremiah. 16. 19, 37. 53, 55, 

59 112. 
Theus, Capt. Simeon, 112. 162, 166, 167. 
Tomotly Savannah. 169. 
Thompson, Henry T., 44. 
Thompson, Hugh Smith. <)l>ituarv sketch 

of, 44-46. 
Thompson, Chancellor Wailiiy. 44. 
Thompson, (Jen. Waddv, son of above. 

Thompson, William, 121. 
Thomson. Col. William, 99 (2). 
Tillman, Hon. B. R., 97. 

T<v>korTnar.. Mrs. KnT>H»TiiK», US. 
TivVkernwr.. Richawi. aKfstmol <^f will 

of. ns. 

Torv)ue:, Judi:h Ksthor. J57. IJi^ 

Torque:. Ssmh, 1!?^ 

Tower of l.^wdon. ITS. 

Towers. Frariois. 21. 

Towers, Mrs. Miin. ih^ ti!K 21 tS>, 25 

i2«. 2v 
Towers. Maw, 21 
Towers. Thomas. 22 t8K 24 i^>. 
Towerss Willium, it>. 
Tradd Street, Charletjston, ,^, ,^^ i2>. 
Tranquil Hill vP^antation>» :^. 
TVapier, Gon. James H,, 41, 
Traveller's R*»st inlantatHvn^, S!!l. 
Trosoot, FkJ^-ani 2S i2>. 
Try on. Gt>vemor. 14^, 
Tucker. .\braham% 2.^. 
TuT^is. Mrs, Klizabetb t.\xt#^lU, IT^ifiV 
Turjri^. Francis, 115 {A). 176 (JiV 
Turner. Capt, Gi>*>rjr*\ 112 i2>. 1^ (SK 

166 i2>. 167 t2>: letter of to Mn^w 

Isaac Harleston. 61. 
Tur|>entine. 77. 
Turton, William Honrw 26. 
T>'por River, 125. 
Union Street. Charleston, .'^l (2). 
I 'nit Oil Indeivndent Oonirt*0ir at tonal 

Church of IVr^'ht^ster and Boaoh Hill* 

Unhed States, 24. 26 (2). 2S. 101: Hank 

of the, 24; Assistant Secrt»tary of tho 

Ti^easury of, 45. 46; i\>mmi!Ui{onor of 

Education of tho. 45. Senate of tht\ 

Upper Berwick Str«M»t. li*>ndon. 21, 22. 
Utica. N. Y., V^X 
Valley For^e. II, 47. 48, 14**^. 
Van Aersien, John, Lord Van Worn- 

haut, 186. 
Van Myddajfh. Anna (\^rneli«, 1S6. 
Van Wernhaut, Powajror. 17?> (2). 
Van Wernhaut. John Van Aornien, 

Lord, 180 (2L 
Vander Horst, Capt. John, 172. 
Vander Horst. Major J<»hn. lt>, 19 (2), 

Varno<l, Kev. Kran»*is, 9:i. 

Verditty. . S:t. 

\*t'rsaill<'s, Knince. tho tin* <'o\irt of, 

1 57. 
\'rst(tl (frij^'ite). l.'.s. 
Vit'c-IVosidoTtt of South ( jii-olma. 1777. 'A. 
\*i(loaii. IL-nry. M. 

\'h II- nf' Situ III (\nttlnni (Itrnvton), IHI. 
\'illr|)o?itou,\. hoiiJMinin. \2'.\. 
VillrpontiMix. l''ran<*i'-. \\K\ (2). 



Villeponteux, Francis, 123 (2). 

Villeponteux, Paul, 123. 

Villeponteux, Zachariah, 123 (2). 

Virginia, 131, 144, 147, 169, 171. 

Voyage dans la haute Pennsylvanie^ 130. 

Wachovia, N. C, 132. 

Wagner, John, 117. 

Wa^ht, Isaac, 36 (2). 

Waight, Jacob. 174. 

Waight, Joseph, 33. 

Wainwright, Richard, 87 (2), 94. 

Wainwright, Samuel, 87. 

Walker, Sir Hovenden, 83. 

Walker, John, 177. 

Wall Street, New York, 45, 46, 133. 

Walls, Benjamin, 34. 

Walnut Hill, (plantation), 25. 

Walpole (recorder of wills), 171. 

Walter, Richard, 83. 

Walton, J., 140. 

Wando River, 134. 

^^anensaw 64 

Ward, John Peter, 112, 162, 166, 167, 

Ward, William, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 
Warden, Mrs. Margaret, 120. 
Warden, William, abstract of will of, 

Wardlaw, Judge, 134. 
Waring, Benjamin, 76, 82, 93, 176. 
Waring, Benjamin (younger), 93 (2). 
Waring, Elizabeth. 176. 
Waring, Joseph, 93 (2) . 
Waring, Joseph (younger), 94. 
Waring, Morton, 94. 
Waring, Richard, 83, 93. 
Waring, Thomas, 80, 93. 
Waring, Thomas, of Pine Hill, 94. 
Waring family, 82, 83 . 
Waring*s Bridge, 80. 
War ley, Capt. Felix, 60 (2), 113, 165. 
Warley, Capt. George, 16, 17, 53, 54, 
56, 59, 163, 164. 

Warley, Capt. Joseph, 60, 113, 165. 
Warnock, Abraham, 116. 
Warnock, Joseph, 116. 
Washington. D. C, 45, 133. 
Washington, Gen. Ceorge, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 

12, 48, 49 (2), 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 

108, 110 (2), 138, 147, 154. 156, 158. 
Washington, Mrs. Martha, 12, 147. 
Washington, Fort, 3. 
Wateree River, 64, 136. 
Waters, Henry F., 20, 117, 169. 
Way, Aaron, Sr., 74. 
Way, Aaron, Jr , 74. 

"".y, Moses, 74. 
V, Samuel, 74. 

Way, WilUam, 74. 

Ways, the, of Dorchester, 75, 83. 

Wayne, Gen., Anthony. 148. 

Weatherly, Thomas, 39. 

Weaver, Jane, 34. 

Weaver, Robert, 26. 

Weaver, Thomas, 34. 

Weaver, Thomas (younger), 34. 

Webber, Elizabeth, 38. 

Webber, John, 38. 

Weedon, Gen., 106. 

Wells, Mr., 147. 

Wells, Joseph, 99. 

West, 97, 182. 

West, Joseph, 136, 174. 

West Indies, 3. 110 (2) , 118. 

Western Star (New York), 41. 

Westminster, Eng., 20, 21, 22, 2S (2), 

120, 171. 
Weston, F. H., 2. 
Wheeler, Gen. Joseph, 101. 
Whipple, Gen., 152. 
Whitcher Rogers, John, 118. 
White, James, 60. 
White, John, 3, 4. 
White Hall (plantation) , 83. 
White Meeting, Dorchester, 81, 91, 92 

Whitefield, Rev. George, 92. 
Whitelock, John, 118. 
Wigg, Catherine, 119. 
Wigg, Edward, 119. 
Wiley, Henry. 99. 
Wilkie, Mrs. Jane (Weaver), 34. 
Wilkie, John, 34. 
Williams, Mrs. Elizabeth (Hext), 35, 

37 (3). 
Williams, Francis, 115. 
Williams, Gardner, 99. 
Williams, Henry. 21, 22 (2) , 22-3. 
Williams, John, 34, 93. 
Williams, Joseph, 165. 
Williams, Robert, Jr.. 37 (3). 
Williams, William, 127. 
Williams, Black & Williams, 101. 
Williamsburg, Va., 171. 

Williamson, , 124. 

Williamson, Gen. Andrew, 177. 

Williamson, John, 32. 

Williamson, W.. 120. 

Williman, Jacob, 86, 87, 92. 

Willock, Alexander 43 (3). 

Willtown, or New London, 62, 68, 69, 76. 

Wilson, John, 27. 

Winds, Gen., 109. 

Windsor, Eng., 22. 

Wine, 148, 153 (2). 

Winn, Capt. Richard, 42. 



Winn, Robert, 75. 
Winningham, William, 99. 
Winter, Daniel, 119, 120 (2). 
Winthrop Normal and Industrial Ck>l- 

lege, 97. 
Winvah Bay, 96. 
WisDorouffh Green, En^., 22. 
Wiston, Eng., parish of, 20. 
Withers, Mr., 31. 
Withers, James, 32. 
Withineton, Lothrop, 20, 117, 169. 
Wood, Mrs., Ann, 125. 
Wood Green, Eng., 120. 
Woodrop, William. 122. 
Woods, Judge C. A., 2. 
Woodward, Kichard, 117. 
Woodward, Capt. Thomas, company of, 

Woolsford, Mrs., 177. 
Woomeraw, 170. 
Wragg, Samuel, 80, 94, 122. 
Wright, Sir James, government of, in 

Georgia, 154. 
Wright, Robert, 93. 

Wrights, the, 82. 

Wurmser, Gen. Baron de, 12. 

Wyatt, Edgell, 24, 25 (2), 26. 

Wyatt, Richard, 24. 

Yadkin River, 131. 

Yale College, 132. 

Yeamans, Sir John, Governor, 134. 

Yellow SprincB, 8. 

Yemassee Indian War, 79, 80. 

Yeomans, William, 117 (2). 

Yeshoe (plantation), 64. 

Yoe, Fannie Klugh, 102. 

York, Pa., 9, 47, 48 (2), 49. 52, 106, 14i 
141 (2) ; letters written from, 4» 6, I 
11, 47, 48, 49, 103. 

Yorktown, Va., 131, 169; Centenni 
celebration at, 1881, 45. 

Youghall, Ireland, parish of, 171 (2). 

Young, John, 173. 
Young, Margaret, 28 (2). 
Yoimg, Mrs. Mary, IZt, 
Young, Moses, 158, 159, 160. 
Young, William, 125. 


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