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WITH Collateral Lines 






Ancestral Record of Henry Martyn Lewis 


Harriet Southworth (Lewis) Barnes 




The genealogy of the Southworth family in England has 
been traced by Henry Somerby, from the Herald's College, 
London, and runs back ten generations in that country. 
It is given in "Winsor's History of Duxbury/' but later 
genealogists have found errors in the records there found, 
and the line as here given accepts corrections made by 
S. G. Webber, of Boston, from reliable sources, mainly 
"Visitations of Somersetshire," 1673, edited by Frederic 
Thomas Colby, and "Visitation of Lancashire," Sir Wm. 
Dugdale, 1664-5. 

He writes: "I believe all the Southworths in England 
and America came from Gilbert de Southworth. So far 
as I can learn there was only one estate in the fourteenth 
century named Southworth. Many families derived their 
surname from their estate. Every pedigree I have found 
of an English Southworth goes back to this Lancashire 
family except one, which goes back to the time of Henry 
Vni only. The early history of the family would, then, 
belong to any one of its branches until the point where the 
separation from the regular line occurred." 

The following is the Duxbury line, with corrections 
from the "Visitations" : 

Sir Gilbert de Southworth, son of Gilbert, of Southworth 
Hall, in Lancashire, England. He married Alicia, daugh- 
ter and sole heir of Nicholas D'Ewyas, and received with 
his wife Samlesbury Hall. Their son was 


Sir John de Southworth, who married Margaret, daughter 
of John de Haughton. Their son, 

Sir Thomas de South worth, married Johan (or Jane) Sher- 
burne, widow, daughter of John del Bothe, of Barton, 

Hichard, son of above, married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward 
Mollineux, of Segton. 

Sir Christopher de Southworth married Isabel, daughter of 
John Dutton, of County Chester. 

Sir John de Southworth married Helen (Ellen), daughter of 
Richard de Langton, of Newton Walton. They h^id three 
sons, Sir Thomas, the heir, Christopher and Richard, the 
latter dying without issue. 

Just here is the point of divergence between the line as 
given in "Winsor's Duxbury" and that of later gene- 
alogists. The former gives the second son of Sir John, 
Christopher, as the next in order, as follows : Christopher 
married (not known) ; his son Edward married Jane 
Lloyd; his son Thomas married Jane Wynne; his son 
Constant married Alice Carpenter. 
This last name is a mistake, as it was Edward who mar- 
ried Alice Carpenter. Thomas, who married Jane Wynne, 
was recorder of Wells, County Somersetshire, in the south- 
west corner of England, living there in 1623 (see "Visita-- 
tions of Somersetshire," 1673, edited by Frederic Thomas 
Colby, page 102), but there is no record of his having any 
children. In his will he gives all his estate to his wife 
Jane. His mother, who married a second time, Francis 
Gunter, in her will refers to son Henry, his wife and 
daughter, and her son Thomas and his wife, making no 
mention of children. This is also the case in the wills of 
his brother Henry, his father and his stepfather. So 
we feel satisfied to accept the line as given by Dr. Webber, 
after much study of the subject, as follows : 


Sir Thomas, eldest son and heir of Sir John, married Margery, 
daughter of Thomas Boteler (Butler), of Warrington 

Sir John married Mary Ashton. He was a staunch Roman 
Catholic and was imprisoned under Elizabeth. His son 
Thomas was a Protestant when quite young, and had influ- 
ence enough with the ruling powers to mitigate his father's 
imprisonment and finally procure his release. At one time 
it was feared that his father would disinherit Thomas on 
account of his Protestantism. Therefore, it was proposed 
by Sir Francis Walsingham to the Bishop of Chester to 
arrest Sir John's daughter," wife of Bartholomew Hesketh, 
that she might not influence her father against his grand- 

Thomas' married Rosamond Lister. He was thirty-six years 
old in 1597. Their children were (the sons in order of 
birth) : John, Thomas,' William, Richard, Michael, Christo- 
pher, Edward, Bridget, Margery, Ellen, Ann. All these 
were living in 1595, and are mentioned in their grand- 
father's will made then. Records show what became of all 
the daughters except Ann, and of John, William and 
probably Richard. To identify Edward, the Pilgrim, it is 
necessary to find two brothers, Edward and Thomas, who 
were of an age to be in Leyden with the Pilgrims and 
came from England, Edward old enough to marry in 161 3 
and to be a groomsman in 1611, as he was witness to a 
wedding at Leyden in that year. They must be of good 
family, according to tradition, so that Alexander Carpenter 
preferred Edward for a son-in-law rather than William 
Bradford. The two sons of Thomas, grandsons of Sir 
John, fulfill these conditions, while, in addition to their 
grandfather's Catholicism, their Uncle Christopher was a 
Catholic priest and showed his hatred of Protestants 
in a way which must have increased their opposition to 
Romanism and helped to drive them to join the Pilgrims. 


Dr. Webber adds: '1 cannot say this Edward and the 
Leyden Edward were the same. I can only state the facts 
as I now understand them, showing that it is possible for 
them to have been the same, and as yet we find no other 
Edward who fulfills the conditions." 

Edward, son of Thomas. He married, May 28, 1613, Alice'- 
Carpenter, as her name is inferred to have been from a 
phrase in the 'Tlymouth Church Records" under 1667. 
Early tradition at Plymouth, however, made her a sister of 
Rev. John Reyner, which name was one of greater distinc- 
tion than Carpenter. The date of Edward's death is not 
given, but his widow arrived at Plymouth, in the ship 
Anne, August i, 1623, and on the 14th of that month was 
married to Governor Wm. Bradford, the second governor 
of the colonies. He was originally from Leyden, and was 
a passenger on the Mayflower, 1620. His first wife was 
drowned at Cape Cod, December 7, 1620. He became 
governor on the death of Carver, early in 1621, at the age 
of thirty-one, and remained in that position until his death, 
May 9, 1657. Alice died March %6, 16—, "fourscore 
years of age or thereabouts." A love story, founded on 
the marriage of Governor Bradford and Alice Southworth, 
has been written by Jane G. Austin, and appeared 
in the "Harper's New Monthly Magazine" under date 
1869, Vol. 39, a copy of which will be found at the 
close of the Southworth record. The children of Edward 
and Alice (Carpenter) Southworth were Constant'^ and 
Thomas. The latter, probably the younger, was a military 
lieutenant and captain, an assistant in 1652 and twelve 
times after that until 1667. He married Elizabeth^^daugh- 
ter of Rev. John Reyner, September, 1641. They had only 
a daughter, who married, December 7, 1664, Lieutenant 
Joseph,^ son of John Howland, of the Mayflower's glorious 


Constant^ eldest son of gd ward and Alice Carpenter South- 
worth, was born in England, 1615. He and his brother 
Thomas did not come on the ship Anne with their mother, 
but followed her two years later, 1625, though some au- 
thorities give the date three years later still, 1628. In 
1637 he was admitted freeman, and that same year married, 
November 2d, Elizabeth, daughter of Wm. Collier. He 
resided in Duxbury, and in 1640 received a grant of fifty 
acres at North River. He owned land east of North Hill 
and at Hound's Ditch, which he sold to Roger Glass, and in 
1657 he bought land in Namasakeeset from Wm. Brett. It 
was narrated traditionally by Mr. Edward Southworth, a 
direct descendant of Constant, who died in 1833, aged 
eighty-six years, that Constant's house at Duxbury was 
burned down by the carelessness of his negro, who uninten- 
tionally set it on fire with a candle when he returned home 
late in the evening. "That Mr. Southworth was County 
Registrar, and all the records were burned therein." But it 
happens that the colony was not divided into counties until 
some years after Mr. Southworth's death. The tradition 
may, perhaps, admit of the interpretation that he was the 
town clerk of Duxbury, and, if so, here must have been de- 
stroyed the missing records of the town, and the accident 
would have happened about 1665. This, however, is wholly 
conjectural, although it may appear to have far greater 
affinity to the truth than either of the other statements. 
Mr. Southworth also was such a man as they would have 
been most likely to have selected for that office. 

However that may have been. Constant held many offices 
of responsibility in the colonies. He was a representative 
in 1647 ^^<i ^or twenty-two years following, and on the 
death of his brother Thomas he was chosen an assistant, 
which position he kept as long as he lived, and once was 
a commissioner for the United Colony. From 1646 to 
1653 he was ensign bearer for Duxbury County. He was 


often employed immediately in the government of the 
colony, having held from 1659 to 1678 the office of treas- 
urer. He was commissary general in Philip's War and 
offered to serve as volunteer against the Pequods. The 
Council of War for Duxbury consisted of the commis- 
sioned officers of the town, with Mr. John Alden, Constant 
Southworth and Lieutenant Miles Standish. Constant was 
commissary, with Major Winslow commander, of one hun- 
dred men who were detailed against the Saconet Indians, 
if they rebelled, ''to reduce them to reason." Thus the 
name of Constant Southworth is linked with those most 
generally known as among the very foundation stones of 
our country, prominently connected with all the great un- 
dertakings of his day. He died March 11, 1679. He had 
eight children, as follows : ^ 

Edward, who married Mary Peabodie and had six chil- 
dren; Edward, born 1672; Elizabeth, born 1676; 
Thomas, born 1680; Benjamin, born 1687; John, born 
1693, and Priscilla. v^'Edward was representative from 
1689 to 169 1 at Plymouth, and under the new charter 
at Boston, 1692 and 1693. 
Marcy,' married Samuel Freeman, May 12, 1658. 
Alice, married, December 26, 1667, the famous Benjamin 

Mary, married David Alden." 
Elizabeth, married Wm. Fobes^ 

Priscilla, . 

William, horn 1659; married, first, Rebecca Peabodie; sec- 
ond, Martha Blaque.' 
Nathaniel, born 1648; married, January 10, 1672, DesircT^ 
Gray, daughter of Edward Gray, who died December 
4, 1690; had six children: 

Constant, born August 12, 1674; Mary, born April 3, 
1676; Captain Ichabod, bom March, 1678; Captain 
Nathaniel, born May 10, 1684; Elizabeth and Edward," 

born 1688. He lived at Middleborough ; was a lieu- 
tenant and representative 1696, and died January 14, 
William/ son of Constant and Elizabeth Southworth, was bom 
in 1659, and married, first, Rebeck Peabodie, by whom 
he had nine children: Benjamin, born 1681 ; Joseph, born 
1683; Edward, born 1684; Elizabeth, born 1686; Alice,'-- 
born 1688; Samuel, born 1690; Nathaniel, born 1692^^^^ 
Thomas, born 1694; Stephen, born 1696. 

He married, second, at Saybrook, Conn., November 8, 
1705 (see ^'Saybrook Rec," Vol. 2, p. 95), Mrs. Martha^' 
Blaque, widow of Joseph Blaque and daughter of Na- 
thaniel and Parnell Kirtland, of Lynn, Mass., sister, also, 
of John Kirtland, of Saybrook. She was born May 15, 

They had two sons: Gideon, born 1707, and Andrew^ 
born 1709. 

William removed to Little Cdmpton, R. L, and with that 
place his name is associated, and in a deed of 17 16 in 
"Saybrook Records" calls himself of Little Compton, 
though he resided at Saybrook in 1706. He returned to 
Little Compton later, and died there in 17 19, where he was 
buried with his first wife, in the Peabody lot. We are told 
that in this cemetery ''The Southworths and Searles and 
Colonel Church and wife Alice (Southworth) have tables 
with slabs horizontal." While Colonel Church,*who married 
a Southworth, has this, his brother Joseph has not. "It was 
a mark of high rank. The Peabodies had fine stones indi- 
cating good estate, but not nobility." 

Andrew, son of Williani and Martha, was born at Saybrook, De- 
cember 12, 1709; married ("Saybrook Rec," II, 213), 
January 2^, 1732, Temperance, daughter of John Kirtland 
and Temperance (Buckingham) Kirtland, and grand- 
daughter of the Rev. Thomas and Hester (Hosmer) Buck- 
ingham. Temperance" was born November 10, 1710 ("Say- 


brook Rec," II, 4), and died December 19, 1794, the 
death being on "Chester Church Records," she being called 
the ''aged widow, Temperance Southworth." Lieutenant 
Andrew died May 30, 1772, and both gravestones are stand- 
ing in Chester burying ground and read as follows : 

WHO DIED MAY 30. A.D. 1 772 



WHO DIED DEC. Y^^ 19"^^ A.D. 1 794 


Andrew and his family left Saybrook and settled in 
Chester about 1743, and in a deed dated November i, 1779, 
Temperance Southworth makes over to her three sons, 
Andrew, of Haddam, Nathan and Martin, of Saybrook, 
land in Potapang, called New Mines, which fell to her 
from her "mother (sic) Hester Buckingham." There is 
undoubtedly a clerical error here, as Hester Buckingham 
was her grandmother, and it probably was so written in 
the original deed. 

An interesting fact with regard to Temperance is found 
on the church records, that "The aged widow Temperance 
Southworth," who had before "owned the covenant," joined 
the church in Chester by confession October 3, 1790, 
aged eighty. 

The births of the eight children of Andrew and Temper- 
ance are fully recorded at Saybrook, and are as follows : 
Atvdreiv, horn September 22, 1733 ; married Amna (Buck?). 
Nathan, born December i, 1735 ; married Hannah Wheeler. 
Temperance, born November 7, 1737; married Timothy 

Otis, bom March 10, 1741 ; married Nancy Ray. 

Anne, ^orn July i, 1743; married Elijah Watrous. 
Prudence, born January, 1745; married Phinehas Parmele. 
Martin, ^born December, 1747; married Anne Webb. 
Gideon!^ born May, 1750; married Sarah Leet. 

Andrew, Captain, was born at Saybrook, September 22, 1733, and 
is on record as Captain. His wife was Amna, but the last 
name is still a question. The marriage is on the Saybrook 
records as occurring August 19, 1759, but the name has 
been copied ''Annie Bush." The first name being plainly 
Amna on other records, our conclusion is that the whole 
name as above is in error and should be Amna Buck, the 
Buck connection being indicated by two of her sons giving 
the name Justus Buck to their sons. In regard to Justus 
Buck, his father was Isaac Buck, of Saybrook (Chester 
par.), who probably came from Wethersfield. Justus seems 
to have had children, WilHam and Justus, but his probate 
record is not at Saybrook. He was justice of the peace and 
invorum from 1767 to 1779 (record ends, as printed, here), 
was captain of Thirteenth Company, Seventh Regiment, 
October, 1761, and in the Revolution, December, 1776, 
made one of a committee to rouse the people, etc. ; Novem- 
ber, 1776, captain in Fourth Battalion; May, 1777, lieu- 
tenant of Thirteenth Company, Seventh Regiment, in the 
"alarm list." 

His wife was Rosamond Parmelee, and her brother, 
Phinehas Parmalee, married Prudence Southworth, An- 
drew's sister, so that the families were connected. It seems 
probable that Andrew's wife, then, was Amna Buck, a 
daughter of Isaac Buck, thus accounting for the name of 
their eldest son, and a sister of Justus Buck. This is, of 
course, only conjecture, as no proof has been found as yet. 
Her death is recorded as occurring October 28, 18 10, 
in seventy-sixth year of her age. Her gravestone, how- 
ever, in Chester, reads: 




NOV. 28: 181 1 AGED 74. 

Such discrepancies in dates are very common, the date 
on the stone often being incorrect. Andrew's gravestone 
reads : 

DIED MAY 13 : 1819 . 
IN HIS 87^^ YEAR. 

His removal to Haddam probably occurred about 1773, 
as in a deed dated March 16, 1773, "Nathan, Otis, Martin 
and Gideon Southworth, Timothy Shailer and wife Tem- 
perance, Elijah Waterous and wife Anne, Phineas Par- 
male and wife Prudence sell to brother, Andrew South- 
worth, of Saybrook, all land in Haddam that their honored 
father died seized of." 

The Haddam Church records show that on October 3, 
1802, Andrew Southworth, of Haddam, joined by confes- 
sion. His wife was already a member at the beginning of 
the record now extant, kept by Rev. Samuel Mills, or- 
dained October 25, 1786. Other deeds of land are found 
on Haddam records as follows : April 19, 1809, Andrew, 
of Haddam, to daughter-in-law Mary, land in Chester and 
five-sixths of dwelling and barn, reserving use for life. 

May 3, 1809, Andrew Southworth, of Haddam, deed of 
gift to daughter, Amna Arnold, two acres near Saybrook 
line in Haddam. 

August 4, 1 814, same to daughter Sylvina Brainard, of 
Haddam, land with dwelling house and small barn near 
Middlesex turnpike, etc. 

February 18, 18 19, Andrew Southworth, of Haddam, 
for $500, to Samuel Southworth, of Haddam, land in 
Haddam, twenty-five acres, with dwelling and bam, 


bounded south on Amna Arnold, etc.; also eight or ten 
acres bounded south on Gideon Southworth, deceased, etc. 
Same date, Andrew to Samuel, both of Haddam, for $50, 
land in Saybrook, especially one piece near to Haddam. 

The names and births of the children of Andrew and 
Amna are not found recorded, but the above deeds give us 
some of the names. There was evidently a son Andrew 
not mentioned in the deeds, as at New Haven a probate 
record has been found having to do with the distribution 
of the estate of Andrew Southworth, of Derby. One of 
the heirs was Samuel Southworth, who had received An- 
drew's pension for eighteen years, so he was indebted to the 
estate. Adding his indebtedness to the amount of the 
estate, there were $40742 to divide. The court ordered 
this to be distributed to the "brothers and sisters of Andrew, 
deceased, Samuel Southworth, Isaac Southworth, Amna 
Rossiter and Sylvina Brainard." The date, 2y May, 1840. 
Administrator was appointed first 2 March, 1839. This 
would show that Captain Andrew had son Andrew, not 
elsewhere mentioned, probably unmarried, who had served 
in the war (1812?) and had a pension, and died in 1839 
or 1840. This also establishes the relationship of Samuel 
as son of Captain Andrew. It would seem as though Amna 
was married twice, as she is here spoken of as Rossiter, 
while in deeds as late as 1819 she is mentioned as Amna 
Arnold. The children of Captain Andrew and wife Amna 

Andrew, died about 1840.^ 
Amna, married, first, Arnold; second, Rossiter. 
Sylvina, February 11, 1799; married Noadiah Brainard, 
of Haddam. 

Isaac, married Mary , and, according to Chester 

Church record, had seven children, all baptized Feb- 
ruary 22, 1805: Charles, Mary Ann, Justus Buck, 
George Andrew (died March 10, 1818), Eber Isaac, 

Sarah Lees, Rebecca Amne. Rebecca joined church 
1 82 1, and Mary Anne was a member at the ordination 
of Rev. Wm. Case, September i, 1824. 

A son of Samuel, Justus Buck Southworth, who is on 
"Chester Church Records" as being baptized October 30, 
1814, and still living in 1898 at Lockport, N. Y., says 
his father had a twin sister, who married a man by the 
name of Brainard, whom he called Aunt Visa, and he 
thinks her name was Lavisa, and that they were the oldest 
of the family. As no such name appears as Lavisa, we 
presume the twin was the one here mentioned as Sylvina. 
She had one son and two daughters, one named Dolly. 
Justus Buck Southworth also says Captain Andrew, his 
grandfather, was "commander of a privateer during the 
Revolution," and again he says he was "captain of a 
vessel that carried cannon," but he could not tell the num- 
ber of guns. That the captain buried a large sum of 
money on the place during the Revolution, but could never 
find it. 

His Revolutionary services are recorded in "Connecticut 
Men in the Revolution." His name is there written "An- 
drew Southward of Haddam," and he served as private 
for three years in Captain Munson's company, Second 
Regiment, from December 20, 1780. His name is on the 
"size roll" of that regiment, February i, 1783. "The regi- 
ment was in camp at West Point and vicinity from January 
I, 1783, until nearly June, when, by Washington's orders, 
it was disbanded with the greater portion of the army." 
(Page 365.) His name appears later on the "Miscel- 
laneous Rolls" in Captain Smith's company, Col. M. 
Mead's regiment (page 619) and on the list of pensioners 
(page 637). 

Samuel^ oldest son of Captain Andrew and Amna Southworth, 
was born, according to family records kept by his sons, 


Richard and Justus Buck, in February, 1771, and married 
Hannah Shipman, February 16, 1794. He died April 29, 
1841. Hannah was born in 1771, though one authority 
puts it 1773, but the first is probably correct, as her death 
is given as August 19, 1827, aged fifty-six 

Though no record of the birth of Samuefor his brother 
and sisters is to be found, the relationship is fully estab- 
lished by the land deeds above quoted ; and the genealogist, 
without any knowledge of the family records, writes: "I 
have followed Samuefthrough all such records as exist in 
Saybrook and in Haddam; . . . there is no other 
Samuel Southworlh in the records of either town, and I 
am convinced he was your ancestor and the son of Cap- 
tain Andrew. ... I judged Andrew was father 
of Samuel entirely from probabilities shown by records." 
She adds : ''You will notice that Andrew in deeding to 
Samuel does it for a consideration and makes no mention 
of relationship ; but to my mind the whole circumstances 
are convincing of relationship, and I have had considerable 
experience with this kind of deed. It is given formally, 
and a nominal consideration is frequently mentioned, but 
no genealogist acquainted with the facts in the case, such 
as the comparative ages of the parties, correspondence of 
family names, residence in the same town (the only South- 
worths in Haddam), could think otherwise than that they 
were father and son." 

This decision was reached without actual record, but 
has since been verified by the finding of the probate record 
with regard to the estate of Andrew of Derby, which makes 
Samuefa brother of those whom Captain Andrew names 
in deeds as his children. 

With regard to the land deeded to Samu-el by his father, 
his son Justus writes : "The captain gave his house and 
thirty acres of land to his son "Samuel for taking care of 
him." According to ''Haddam Records," on August 19, 


1824, Samuel sells "dwelling house I now occupy" and 
four acres, and on October 19, 1824, he sells other land, 
while the "eight or ten acres bounded south on Gideon 
Southworth, deceased," above mentioned, he sold January 
26, 1820, to Dudley Clark. 

About 1822 Samuel was one of standing committee of 
Church in Chester, and at the ordination of Rev. Wm. 
Case, September i, 1824, among the members are Samuel 
Southworth and his wife; and their daughter Mary E. 
joined in 1821 and was recommended to church in Berlin 
August 5, 1824. In a list of persons who left the church 
by recommendation appear Samuel Southworth and wife 
(no date given), but presumably, from the connection, 
about 1825. Another church record states that "Widow 
HannaH Southworth" joined the church July 4, 1830. 
This could not be the wife of Samuel, but probably the 
widow of one of Isaac's sons. 

Samuel seems to have left Connecticut and, after some 
years, returned to his old home. He was in Paris, N. Y., 
in 1806, and is once mentioned as being in Ledyard, N. Y. 
The record of the birth of his children has not been found, 
and the baptism of only one is on the Chester Church 
records, that of Justus Buck, October 30, 1814. Their 
names and dates as found on the several family records 
are as follows: 
Henrietta M., born September 8, 1796; married Abram 

Scribner; died March 8, 1853. 
Fanny M., bom November 22 or 23, 1797; married, first, 

Fletcher ; second, Lanfear ; died at 

Watertown, N. Y., June 6, 1874. ^ 

George W., born April 25, 1798; married Sallie Wel- 
don; had son Delos P. and daughter Anne Cife,' wlio 
married Benjamin Law and is living in Philadelphia. 
John S., born February 9, 1800; died March 20, 1826, 
father's house, Gaines, N, Y. 

Richard S., born January 20, 1802 ; married, first, 

Ely; had daughter CaroHne;^ invalid many years in 
New Britain, Conn. Richard died March 26, 1885. 

Mary E.;" born September 8, 1803; unmarried; died Feb- 
ruary 24, 1846. 

Eliza Lucy, born at Paris, N. Y., June 3, 1806; died 
April I, 1883. 

Henry^W., born April 22, 1807; married . 

Selina; born March 13, 1809; married, first 

Doran ; second, Gibson ; died, Bloomington, 

111. ,^ 

Andrew W., born November 13, 181 1 ; married ; 

died July 14, 1893. 

Justus Buck, born June 13, 1814; baptized October 30, 
1814; married, first, Charlotte Bowen ; second, Mi- 
randa Woods. Living at Lockport, N. Y. 

Eliza Lucy, daughter of Samuel and Hannah (Shipman) South- 
worth, was born at Paris, N. Y., June 3, 1806; married, 
November 25, 1830, William Goodwin, son of Seth and 
Lydia (Wright) Lewis. They moved to Cleveland, Ohio, 
and later to Philadelphia, where she died, April i, 1883, at 
the residence of her daughter, Mary Justina Atkinson. 
She is buried in Monument Cemetery. She was a member 
of West Arch Street Presbyterian Church, a true Christian, 
and in her home a faithful, devoted and self-sacrificing 

Henry Martyn Lewis married Frances Amelia Smith. 




''Alice, will you give me your answer? I have traveled 
many leagues and run no little risk to ask this question." 

"And after all may get no answer at all," interposed Alice 
Carpenter, pouting her pretty lips, and glancing mutinously 
into the grave face bent toward her. 

''Nay, child, be not froward, nor trifle with what is or 
should be solemn earnest to both of us. I have already told 
you that this is the only hour I can call mine own while we 
remain in England. It is true, I accepted the mission with 
the full intention of seeing you while here; but, having 
accepted, I must fulfill it, and to-night's sunset should see 
me far on the road to London." 

"Why wait for sunset, Master Bradford? If your Lon- 
don business is so pressing I marvel that you should delay 
it for the sake of a silly maiden, who in truth knows not 
her own mind as yet." 

And the spoiled little beauty turned to chase the tiny 
greyhound who leaped in sport upon her. 

William Bradford stood moodily watching the game of 
play which followed, and making for himself, all uncon- 
sciously, a picture of the scene never to be forgotten amidst 
all the vicissitudes of a stormy life. 

It was the garden of an old English manor-house dat- 
ing from the reign of Elizabeth — a date proven no less 
by the formal architecture of the latter than the quaint 
ordering of the former, with its yew-trees sedulously cHpped 


in shape of towers and ships, falcons, peacocks, and ram- 
pant lions ; with its great beds of roses, cultivated not only 
for the beauty, but as material for conserves, rose-water, 
and scent-jars; trailing honey-suckles and sweet-briar ran 
riot among clumps of heart's-ease, garden lilies, love-lies- 
bleeding, prince's feather, marigolds, and hollyhocks. The 
northern limit of the garden, near which William Bradford 
stood, was defined by a high wall built of the same hard, 
red bricks as the house, and upon the southern face of this 
was nailed a long range of espalier fruit — black-heart cher- 
ries, peaches, pears, and great golden plums, celebrated 
throughout the country for their size and flavor. They 
were ripe just now, and the hot sun brought out a musky 
odor from their rich clusters, filling the air, and mingling 
forever in William Bradford's memory with the hum of 
the bees, the ringing laughter of the girl, and the glowing 
crimson of the roses at his feet. 

Many and many a day in the dark years that were to 
come, that garden bloomed and ripened, those rich scents 
filled the air, and the hum of bees and peals of laughter 
filled his ears, among the black solitudes of the New Eng- 
land forests, or the cold desolation of the rock-bound coast ; 
and yet, looking upon the scene to-day, he saw it not, heeded 
it not — thought only of the merry girl, who, suddenly de- 
serting her playmate, stood beside him, and mockingly ex- 
claimed : "What ! not gone yet. Master Bradford ! Truly 
the elders of your church did ill to intrust their mission to 
such a dreamer and laggard as yourself." 

But her jesting drew no responsive smile to the face of 
the young man, as, laying a hand lightly upon her arm, he 
gravely answered : 

"You have had your jest, fair Mistress Alice, and you 
have taken your time. Now I will pray you to give me a 
serious answer to my most serious petition. Will you be 
my wife, and fare with me to Holland, or it may be farther 


still — for our people are minded to remove to some country 
over seas where shall be room for all and opportunity for 
all to thrive by honest labor? It is no life of luxury, no 
certain prospect of any sort, that I can offer, Alice ; and yet 
I dare to urge you, for I know that the great love I bear 
toward you, and the earnest will that I find growing within 
my heart, will give me power to make you happy, and shield 
you from all suffereing but such as God appoints. Alice, 
will you be my wife ?" 

For a moment the girl stood with downcast eyes and 
blushing cheeks, her answer trembling upon her smiling 
lips, and shining from beneath her drooping lids. The 
lover read it, and suddenly clasped her to his breast. 

"Yes, sweet one, you confess it at last — you confess it 
even without a word ; and thus I take the answer you have 
been so long in giving." 

He pressed his lips upon her own, but hardly had tasted 
their hon-ey when he was startled by a smart blow upon the 
cheek, while Alice, tearing herself from his embrace, cried, 
angrily : 

"Not so fast, good Sir. I never have said that I would 
even give you any answer, and here you pretend to read it 
in my face, and proceed to take it unspoken from my lips. 
I'll give you no answer at all to-night, no, nor to-morrow 
morning either unless the humor takes me to do so." 

"Then, Alice, you will never give it," replied the young 
man, not angrily but resolutely. "When that sun, now lost 
in the fir-tops, sinks behind the horizon, I shall say good- 
by; what comes between now and then it is for you to 
decide. The petulant blow and the froward words I for- 
give, but farther trifling with an honest heart and a man's 
life I shall find it hard to pass over. Your answer, Alice." 

"I have told you once, fair Sir, that I have no answer 
for you before to-morrow morning. I have a will as well 
as you, and if you do not care enough for me to abide my 
pleasure, why, good-by, good Master Bradford." 

"Good-by, Alice, since you so will it, and yet, I pray you, 
pause once more. This is no idle play, Alice, but saddest 
earnest. I solemnly assure you that I must be gone at sun- 
set, and I can not leave London again before we return to 
Leyden. If you are my betrothed your father will bring 
you to me, and we will be married — " 

"Again not so fast, good master," interposed Alice. 
"Suppose I refuse to be brought to you in London. Sup- 
pose I demand a longer wooing and somewhat more cere- 
mony in my wedding? And, in good sooth, I fancy that 
your style is altogether too masterful for me already. I 
know not what might chance if you were indeed my lord, so 
I think I will say you nay — for to-night at least ; it may be 
that in the morning I shall have changed my mind, but now 
— fare you well. Sir." 

"And fare you well, Alice. I have your answer, and I 
have told you more than once that I can wait for no other. 
And yet — Alice, I shall be three days longer in London — 
if you will come to me, you and your father — " 

"Marry come up! I go after you to London, saying, 
'Kind Sir, will you of your goodness take me to wife?' A 
long day it will be before I do that. Master Bradford, a 
very, very long day." 

And half in anger, half in mockery, she flung the handful 
of roses that she held full into the grave face of him whom 
she addressed, and ran, light and swift as a fawn, up the 
path toward the house. 

One of the roses lodged upon the young man's folded 
arms, and, smiling bitterly, he caught it, looked for a 
moment into its glowing heart, then put it inside his 

"A fair ensample of her love — as sweet, as short-lived, 
and as thorny," muttered he ; and leaving the garden by the 
postern gate, he mounted the sturdy horse awaiting him in 


the green lane beyond, and rode away just as the sinking 
sun touched the horizon. 

"He will come to-morrow," whispered Alice Carpenter, 
watching the sunset, and listening to the horse's retreating 
feet, while her bright cheek grew pale and her eyes filled 
v/ith tears. 

But the morrow came, and brought neither lover nor 
message, and still another and another morrow, until a 
grave friend of her father's down from London, for a day, 
set the girl's mind at rest by mentioning that the deputies 
from the dissenting folk at Leyden had returned thither, 
having met but ill success in their attempt to obtain a patent 
from the Virginia Company. 

"Fool! Fool! Fool!" muttered Alice between her set 
teeth, as she stormed up and down the garden path, where 
now the rose-petals lay a-dying. "Fool that I was, and 
more fool that he was, not to know that a maiden's no-say 
does not always mean blank no ! And yet I care not ; who 
shall say that I care overmuch?" 

In this mood her father found her, and placing her hand 
within his arm restrained her hurrying steps to his own 
pace, while he said : 

"Daughter Alice, I have received a proposition of mar- 
riage for you from a worthy gentleman, not as I think quite 
disagreeable to you. Indeed it is the son of our friend 
within there." 

"Master Southworth !" exclaimed Alice. 

"Yes. His son Edward asks your hand, dear child. 
What is your answer?" 


The father turned in some surprise, and looked into his 
daughter's face. It was white and rigid almost as death. 

"My daughter, there is no need for such instant consent 
unless you are quite sure of your own mind. I had thought 
that Master Bradford—" 


"Do not mention that person, if it please you, Sir. I like 
Edward Southworth passing well. He is a brave gentle- 
man, and a courteous, and, please you, dear father, go and 
tell your friend that I say yes, and excuse me for to-night. 
Good-e'en, father." 

"Good-e'en, little maid ; and yet, wait one moment before 
you run away. It is but right that you should know that I 
have nearly settled my mind to sell all that I have, and cast 
in my fortunes with our brethren in Holland. It was for 
that I went to London so often in the last month, while 
worshipful Elder Brewster and his associates were there. 
If I do this, and you wed with Edward Southworth, who 
abides in London, we must be parted, my little girl— we 
two who have never been parted yet." 

"Oh, father !" and Alice, clinging about her father's neck, 
wept piteously ; wept for the approaching separation, and 
wept for the death of her young love-dream, and yet never 
wavered in her desperate determination. 

"Oh, father, father!" sobbed she, and then— "but you 
will have my sister Mary left, and I could never abide in 

"It will not be like this, truly;" and the man looked 
round upon the pleasant garden where he had played in 
childhood, where he had wooed his sweet young wife, 
where he had wandered seeking comfort for her early 
death, and where he had thought to watch his own day 
draw to its close. 

"Not like this, but 'Whoso loveth house or lands better 
than me' — it is daily borne in upon my mind that I must go, 
Alice ; and for myself I grudge not the sacrifice ; nor for 
Mary, who is but a child ; but if you shrink from the toil 
and privation, or if your conscience does not bid you go, 
sweet one, here is an opening for honorable escape. What 

say you? 

I will never go to Holland, father. And if Edward 
Southworth cares to marry me, he may." 


She was gone, and her father, looking after her in wonder 
and some doubt, could only say, 

"What man so wise as to read a woman's heart ! But yet 
it was consent, and as such I must repeat it." 

Six months later Thomas Carpenter, with his daughter 
Mary, arrived at Leyden, and among his first guests was 
William Bradford, who, with pale lips, and a high-throbbing 
heart, inquired of him for news of his daughter Alice. 

''Alice? She wedded with Edward Southworth the 
morning that I sailed from Southampton," replied the 
father, carelessly, for already he had forgotten a dim sus- 
picion formed by the strange manner of the girl at the time 
of her betrothal, and Bradford had never opened his mind 
to him. 


From the house of Father Robinson, the pastor of the 
struggling community at Leyden, and with whom Master 
Carpenter was at present lodged, William Bradford re- 
turned to his own abode in a family of the name of May. 
In the little parlor sat a young girl spinning flax upon a 
small wheel, who at his entrance glanced up, blushing 

"So soon returned, William!" said she, shyly. "Did not 
you find your friends ?" 

"Yes — and no," replied the young man, tossing his hat 
upon the table, and throwing himself upon the high-backed 
settle beside the fire. 

" 'Yes and no !' You speak in riddles, friend," said the 
girl, her bright color fading as quickly as it had come. 
"Have you ill news from home?" 

"No, Dorothy, no ill news ; no news at all to a man who 
knows what women are; only tidings that one whom I 
thought mine own has given herself to another man, and, 
I dare to say, were the whole truth known, cares naught 
for either of us." 

And as he spoke he folded his arms upon the end of the 
settle, and bowed his face upon them, careless whether she 
who watched perceived the emotion he could no longer 

A few moments passed in utter silence, and then a light 
foot crossed the floor, a hesitating hand was laid upon his 
head, and a girlish form sank upon its knees beside him. 

''William, dear William!" said Dorothy May's soft voice; 
**all women are not like that." 

''What care I whether they be or not?" And the young 
man ground something worse than a sob between his 
clenched teeth. 

Another pause, and then again the timid voice : 

"Nay, William, do not scorn all because one is false, for 
that is neither just nor kind to yourself." 

"I do not scorn you, Dorothy. You are good and kind, 
and will, I doubt not, some day be true to the man who 
wins your love ; but she — " 

"Indeed I would be true, did the man I love love me," 
sighed the girl, her head sinking so low as to hide the glow- 
ing color of her cheeks. 

William Bradford listened; took counsel of his own 
heart ; nay, then, of his wounded pride and love, if you will 
have the truth ; then sat upright and placed a hand beneath 
the chin of that rosy face, raising it to a level with his own. 

"And you love a man who loves not you, fair Mistress 
Dorothy ?" asked he at length. 

"To my shame be it spoken." 

"Nay, to the honor of thy tender, humble heart. And 
wouldst thou wed that man, knowing that he had loved an- 
other woman passing well, and that the wound was not 
wholly healed?" 

"I would wed him, and try to heal the wound with my 
own love," whispered the girl. 

"Dorothy, am I that man ?" 


"None other." 

**And thou wilt be my wife?" 

**A true and loving one, so surely as God gives me 
strength and life." 

"So be it." And again the young man raised the blush- 
ing face and kissed the trembling lips. It was a strange 
betrothal — a most unwise one — for human love is at best 
but a feeble staff to support one over life's rough places; 
and, weakened as this was, ah, who could not have foreseen 
the end? ,, . 

But Dorothy May's widowed mother saw only comfort f 
and satisfaction in the gaining a husband for her child, of 
so well-esteemed a character and so fair worldly prospects, 
not to mention the setting at rest a suspicion which had 
for some time haunted the good dame's mind, connecting 
Dorothy's pale cheeks, lagging step, and tearful eyes with 
William Bradford's attention or neglect. 

So all was arranged without difficulty on the one side or 
the other ; and the second letter that Master Carpenter sent 
home to his daughter Alice announced the marriage of her 
"sometime playmate, William Bradford, to a very worthy 
and also comely young woman, Dorothy May by name." 


When Mistress Southworth read this letter in the dim, 
vast chamber of her new home in "Duks Place, near 
Heneage House," she uttered a Httle cry, and with one of 
the impulsive movements of her girlhood flung it into the 
fire blazing at her feet. Then she covered her face and 
sobbed for a few moments wildly, passionately ; and at last 
she rose, and slowly pacing the long vaulted chamber, took 
counsel with her own heart, until at last, coming back to 
the fire-place, she stood there a pretty picture, with the 
ruddy light striking up upon her fair young face, disheveled 
golden curls, and whitest throat and arms, left bare by the 
fashion of the rich "padusoy" robe which fell trailing upon 
the oaken floor. 


As fair a picture, and but little older than that of a girl 
who, half in jest and half in wrath, had pelted her lover 
with roses in the quaint walled garden of the manor-house 
six months before, and yet — 

The crisp cinder of the burned letter had fallen out from 
the fire and lay upon one of the painted tiles of the wide 
hearth. Smiling bitterly Alice Southworth stirred it with 
the toe of her satin shoe — it crumbled beneath the touch, 
and, caught by one of the draughts eddying through the 
room, flew in a cloud of black flakes up the chimney and 
was gone. 

"So best — so best ! Smoke and ashes, and the last trace 
blown to the four winds ! — So let it be." 

And thus unconsciously echoing the words in which Wil- 
liam Bradford had sealed his betrothal, Alice Southworth 
closed, as she thought forever, the sweetest chapter in her 
book of life, and turned to the new duties and new ties she 
had voluntarily if rashly assumed. 


"And you will sail with these others in the Mayflower, 
Master Bradford?" said Elder Carpenter, glancing keenly 
at the young man, who sat looking gloomily from the lat- 
ticed window of the little Dutch ale-house, where they had 
met for noontide refreshment. 

"Yes, I have so resolved," replied he, moodily. 

"And your wife and the little one ?" 

"They will remain behind — I think." 

"Does the dame consent to be so deserted ?" 

"We have not yet spoken of it. She can remain with 
her mother, and come to me afterward," said the younger 
man, hesitatingly; and Elder Carpenter again glanced 
keenly into his perturbed face. 

"It is a grievous burden to my spirit," said he, after a 
pause, "that I am denied this means of testifying to my 


faith. Were it only mine own infirmities and inconvenience 
that stood in the road I would count it naught, though I 
perished by the way; but I must not burden you younger 
men with the charge of one who can at best serve but little 
purpose in the life you enter upon, and would most likely 
become a serious charge and trial. Nor can I bear to abide 
here longer, or to lay my bones in foreign soil. My night 
approaches, and I will get me to mine own land and sleep 
where my fathers sleep." 

"You will return into England ?" asked Bradford, in some 

"Yes. This ship has brought me letters from my daugh- 
ter, Mistress Southworth. She has met with heavy afflic- 
tion in the loss of her good husband ; and she prays me very 
earnestly to return to her, I and my daughter Mary, and 
abide beneath her roof to the end of my days." 

"^Master Edward Southworth dead!" echoed Bradford, 

"The Lord has willed it so," replied the elder, reverently. 

"And AHce a widow!" 

"The widowed mother of two little children. Truly she 
needs a father's counsel and assistance," mused the old 
man, and, lost in reverie, he did not perceive that with his 
last words William Bradford had left the room. 

Deep in that evening's twilight, as Dorothy sat hushing 
her child to sleep with the murmured cadence of a hymn, 
some one entered the room and laid two hands upon her 
shoulders from behind. 

"Is it you, William?" asked the young mother, softly. 

"Yes, wife. I shall sail with the first party of adven- 
turers in the Mayflower. Will you go with me?" 

"Why, this is something more than sudden!" exclaimed 
Dorothy, trying to turn her face toward her husband, who 
resisted the attempt, and only repeated : 

"Will you go with me, wife?" 


"Where you go I will go, you know full well," was the 
meek response. *'But why have you not told me your will 
before, that I might have made preparation ?" 

"I did not know it myself ; and I thought that if I went 
you and the child would abide a while with our good mother 
here. But if you will go, Dorothy, it will be a singular 
favor to me." 

And now the wife would not be restrained^ but rising 
hastily, confronted her husband with looks of undisguised 

"A singular favor to you!" repeated she *'Why, what 
words are these from you to me, William ? Am I not your 
own true and loving wife, no less bound to obey your light- 
est wish than anxious to lay down my life, if so I might 
pleasure you ? Why, had you waited until our friends were 
embarking at Delft Haven and then said to me. Up and 
follow them ! do you think I would have faltered ? And had 
you tried to go without me, William, I would have thrown 
myself at your feet and wept and prayed and importuned 
until you gave consent to my accompanying you. Dear 
husband, what have I done amiss that you should have 
entertained this cruel thought of leaving me?" 

She was weeping now, and clinging about his neck, so 
that she could not see the ashen face and haggard eyes he 
bowed above her, as, gently removing those clinging arms, 
he said : 

''Naught amiss, naught amiss, Dorothy! You have ever 
been as you promised to be, a true, faithful, and most loving 
wife. Mine is all the blame, mine should be the punish- 

"What blame ? what punishment ? What do your words 
mean, dear William? And what makes you look so wan 
and distraught? Have you bad news from England? — 
they told me that a ship was arrived with letters — " 

"Peace, woman, peace! The wife should not too curi- 


ously pry into her husband's will, but accept it unquestioned, 
for is he not her head and law ?' ' 

And with a laugh of bitterest self -contempt, William 
Bradford left the room and the house. 

The next day, when Dorothy, his wife, went abroad to 
consult her gossips about the needful preparation for the 
voyage and the new life before her, and heard the news of 
Edward Southworth's death, she clasped her hands of a 
sudden above her heart, and cried out as if in sharpest 

"Dear child, what is it? — what ails you?" exclaimed her 
friend, running to her. 

"Nothing, nothing! A sudden pang — I know not what 
— as if one's heart broke ; but hearts do not break in sober 
truth, do they?" 

"No, not so suddenly as that, nor yet without a cause, 
and we all know you have none. Mistress Dorothy," said 
the other, sharply eyeing the pallid face and trembling form 
of the young woman. 

"Not when I am leaving my mother and my little child, 
and may never see either again?" asked Dorothy, bursting 
into tears, and making her escape. 

And that day she began to die. 

V. — DOROTHY Bradford's journal 
In the month of August, 1620, the May-floiver sailed 
from Delft Haven for England, and some weeks later from 
thence for — God alone knew where. 

Let him who would know what human courage and 
human fortitude, combined with a high faith and confi- 
dence almost more than human, are capable of, let him read 
the record of that voyage, as told in Bradford's own simple 
and earnest record, so self-forgetful and so unconscious of 
its own importance that the only fault of the history is that 
it omits all notice of the historian, except in the vaguest 


Had not other papers remained — some precious letters, 
and a few leaves of a private diary in the faint and timid 
manuscript of a woman — this story had never been written, 
or had been based upon mere imaginings, instead of saddest 
and most undoubted fact. 

Let us here transcribe one of these fragmentary leaves, 
literally, except for the modernizing of some obsolete 
phrases, and the supplying of some words illegible from 
time and wear : 

At last, praise be to God! we lie within sight of land, but what 
a land! Stern rocks, with_cruel waves forever dashing upon 
them, black forests sheltering who knows what fearful creatures, 
and still more fearful salvages; snow, ice, desolation at every 
hand; no housen, no Christian people, no sign of the work of 
man; I had almost said no sign of the work of God. Such is 
our new home; and yet we have no choice but to accept it, for 
the captain says and swears that he can carry us no farther, and 
unless we settle where we will establish ourselves without more 
delay, he will put us ashore at the nearest point. 

William, with Master Carver, Miles Standish, and some others, 
has gone ashore in one of the ship's boats, to discover, if they 
may, what sort of place lies over against us at this present. I 
trust they will not elect to settle just here, for surely no place can 
be worse, if as bad. And yet I know not why I should care. 
All the earth hereabout will be too sternly frozen to give me 
room. I wonder how they would go about to dig a grave — pity 
to give them so much pains, when this cold, bitter sea washing 
past my cabin window would bury me in a moment — a little 

Ah, God forgive me! what wild and wicked thoughts are 
these. Away! away! Get thee behind me, Sathanas! Last night 
I dreamed that my mother came to me with my baby dead in 
her arms— my baby, my one child. Ah! child, you never loved 
another better than me, and yet I left you— for him. When I 
woke startled from my dream, he stirred in his sleep, and mur- 
mured: "Alice! Sweetest, dearest!" 

That was all, for I laid my hand upon his lips, and he kissed 
it, and so slept again. Ah, did he know it was my hand he 
kissed, or did he still dream? They do not dream when they 
are dead, I think. I hope not, surely, for I would not be haunted 


with that dead baby, nor yet with his father, whispering in his 
sleep: "Alice, Sweetest, dearest!" 

Dec. 7. — Well, they did not pitch upon that spot where we lay 
when I last wrote, and now we are moved farther into a great 
bay or gulf, and lie again at anchor, while the men, with Master 
Bradford among them, are away exploring anew. They found 
before some baskets with corn in them, and some signs of rude 
cabins, where it is supposed the salvages or Indyins lived, though 
now they are gone. But it is weary work noting these things 
down, and in sooth I have small heart for even thinking of 
them. Last night I dreamed again of my baby, and he wore 
wings and stretched his little arms to me. I would I knew if 
he be indeed in heaven. I wonder if I could win there if I took 
my life in mine own hands, and so went begging entrance. Wil- 
liam speaks no more of Alice, either waking or sleeping, and in 
good sooth he speaks but little to me in any fashion. One 
might think he was afraid of me, he shrinks so from my pres- 
ence, and yet I never reproached him, oh, never, never! How 
could I, when my whole heart has wasted itself in vain love and 
longing toward him? Yes, I think that is why I must die; my life 
has wasted itself like a little brook I once saw at home that came 
leaping down from the hill-side, and falling upon a sandy plain 
was swallowed up, and perished, in spite of all its struggles. 
Poor brook! Poor Dorothy! I wonder will he be sorry when I 
am dead. Ah, how the cold bitter sea runs past these windows! 
I will up to the deck, and climb over in the chains as I did yes- 
terday, and look down at the water. Perchance — God forgive 
me, God forgive me the awful thought, and yet — 

That is the last, the very last, of the worn and faded 
manuscript. Join it to what follows. 

In the journal of William Bradford, after a long and 
minute account of the perils and adventures of the explor- 
ing party who finally selected the site of the present town 
of Plymouth, Massachusetts, as their point of debarkation, 
occurs the brief statement that, upon their return to the 
ship, it was discovered that Dorothy Bradford had fallen 
overboard and was drowned. 

Only that. 



Almost two years later Mistress Southworth, fatherless 
as well as husbandless, received a letter of which but one 
torn fragment remains. Let us add it to our story : 

God he knows, I never wished her death, or failed in the 
dismal effort to feign a love I never felt. How ill I succeeded 
you shall see, for I send you certain writings in the fashion of 
a Diary, discovered in one of her coffers some time after her 
most untimely end. No eyes but mine have seen them. 

And now. Mistress Southworth, nay, I will say as I have said 
many a fair time before, now, sweet Alice, I ask you once again, 
as I asked you long since, and I think you will remember, as I 
do, the fair, well-ordered garden, with its bourgeon of bloom 
and its rich scents of fruits and flowers, and the humming of the 
bees about the ripened plums, I ask you once again the question 
that I asked you then and there, and once again I beg you for 
such answer as truthful woman should give to honest wooer — 
will you have me to your husband? And yet, Alice, as I write, 
the scales fall from mine eyes, and I see as I have not before 
that I am asking far more of you now than I asked then. I 
have been the husband of another woman; my worldly estate 
is mean and impoverished, notwithstanding the title of Governor 
which my brothers and co-workers here have bestowed upon me 
since the death of the noble Carver; and the life which I ask you 
to share is one of labor and self-forgetfulness. 

But yet, Alice, I dare to ask you, for within my own heart I 
carry an assurance of such undying love and respect toward 
you, that it meseems to outvalue all other things, and if it were 
possible that you could find in your own breast a similar assur- 
ance, I think. Mistress, that not your garden, whose bloom and 
scent lie so fairly in my memory, were a sweeter abode than 
these rugged rocks and melancholy forests, so we two might be 

In conclusion, I must say that although I have discoursed at 
large upon this matter to you, and although much pains and 
many qualms of doubt have gone to the composition of this 
letter, I find by reviewing it that I have said nothing of what 
is in my heart, and have worded my petitions so coldly and so 
awkwardly that I hardly dare hope you will approve them; but 
yet, Alice, I remember me of a time long since when I thought 
— yet let that pass, and believe that whether you say me yea, or 
nay, I shall ever be while life endures. 

Your faithful friend and humble servitor, 

William Bradford. 


Stitched to this fragment of a letter is another, a mere 
scrap written in the cramped, delicate, and almost illegible 
hand of a woman, and superscribed 

To the Worshipful Governor of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts 

Bay, these: 

Fair Sir, — You do remember my father's garden with its roses 
and its wall-fruit so well that I marvel you should have forgotten 
the last words ever spoken to you in that garden by me, or 
rather, the marvel is that I should remember them myself; and 
yet I do. I told you then, Master Bradford, nay, pardon me — 
I should have writ, Right Worshipful Governor Bradford — I 
told you then, that it should be a long day and a very long day 
before you should see Alice Carpenter following you to London 
and offering herself to you for wife; and now you ask me to 
come, not to London, but across seas to the strange New World 
where you abide, and all with the self-same purpose. Truly, 
Sir, I marvel at your hardihood, and again I marvel more at my 
own sudden lowliness of heart which does not resent as I would 
have it this arrogance of yours. Wait until I summon Pride, 
and ask her counsel. "Give him the old answer," quoth she, and 
so, Sir, you have my reply. Yet softly, here speaks another 
voice; methinks it is that of Common-Sense. "How fared it 
with yourself after you gave him that scoffing answer five years 
ago?" And again: "Mind you, the long day that you promised 
him has passed, and it is not Alice Carpenter who goes to seek 
him but Alice Southworth." 

So sit I, listening to my counselors, uncertain which to credit 
as the true one, and so, unable to determine the bent of my own 
mind, I close these lines, and remain, fair Sir, your good wisher 
and old friend, 

Alice Carpenter Southworth. 

Post Scriptum. — I omitted to mention in the body of my letter 
that I am resolved upon emigration, and have taken passage in 
the ship Anne, bound from Southampton to your Colony, for 
myself, my two children, and my sister Mary, whom you will 
perhaps remember, and perhaps also may elect to the place in 
your affections once held by my unworthy self. At all rates, 
however, we shall have the time and opportunity for considering 
face to face these matters, so largely and yet so uncertainly 
spoken of in our letters. 



No tradition, no memento tells us how the Governor of 
Plymouth Colony received this letter of his former love — 
this proof that time and distance and sorrow had cured her 
neither of her audacious coquetry nor her affection for 
himself; but this much we do know, that when the Anne 
arrived in Plymouth Harbor, in the last days of July, 1623, 
that it brought as passengers Mistress Southworth, her two 
boys, and her sister Mary, who many years after is set 
down as "a godly old maid who never married." 

Two weeks after the arrival of the Anne Alice South- 
worth and William Bradford became man and wife, and 
here is the double note of the event made in the Governor's 
journal by his own hand and hers : 

TJiis day Alice Carpenter hath answered the question I asked of 
her six years agone among the roses of her father's garden in 
\( Lincolnshire, and she hath answered yea, as she should have 
answered then. 

And below this note: 

This day, the isth day of August, shall hereafter be known 
as the long day; for it is the one promised by that same Alice 
Carpenter as the day whereon she would wed with William 
Bradford, whom God forever bless and hold in His holy keeping. 

What more do we know ? Only that they lived to a ripe 
old age, and departed, he some years the first, leaving sons 
and daughters to inherit their name, and perchance their 


Collateral Lines 


Thomas Buckingham, of Milford, had wife Hannah. He was a 
joint legatee with WilHam Pratt in the will of the Indian 
chief, Attawanhood. He had son, 

Thomas, Rev., who was born in 1646 and was of Saybrook in 
1670. In "Statistical Account of Middlesex County," p. 
96, we read that "Mr. Buckingham was of Welsh extrac- 
tion. His parents emigrated to Milford, in this State, in 
1646, and he was bom during their passage across the 
Atlantic." Whether he was educated privately by some of 
the New England clergy, or went to Europe for an educa- 
tion, is unknown; nor is any direct information possessed 
respecting his talents or character. He was one of the 
founders and trustees of Yale College, and exercised a 
general superintendence over it in the last years of his 
Hfe, as it was then located at Saybrook. 

He was also a moderator of the board which adopted 
the Saybrook Platform in 1708. His name appears among 
the deacons in the Congregational churches in the county. 

He married Hester Hosmer, daughter of Thomas and 
Frances Hosmer, of Hartford, and granddaughter of Ste- 
phen and Dorothy Hosmer, of Hawkhurst, Kent, England. 
The Rev. Thomas died April 30, 1709, aged sixty-three. 

Temperance, daughter of Rev. Thomas and Hester (Hosmer) 
Buckingham, was born January 6, 1684; married John 
Kirtland 2d on March 3, 1702 or 1703. 


Temperance Kirtland and Lieut. Andrew Southworth. 
Capt. Andrew Southworth and Amna (Buck?). 
Samuel Southworth and Hannah Shipman. 
EHza Lucy Southworth and Wm. Goodwin Lewis. 
Henry Martyn Lewis. 


"Precisely how many and who composed the Pilgrim 
Church is not known. Wm. Bradford and the Robinson 
and Brewster families undoubtedly were of the number, 
and it is probable that members of the Wright, Southworth, 
Morton and Butten families were among the number. 

"It is a matter of record that 120 set sail from England 
in the Mayflower and Speedwell, and they being the 'minor 
part,' it is probable that 150 or more remained. It is 
known, also, that 102 finally sailed in the Mayflower, 36 
in the Fortune in 1621, 60 in the little James and Anne in 
1623, 35 with their families in the Mayflower in 1629, and 
60 in the Handmaid in 1630, making in all 300 or more 
as the probable number of the Pilgrim Church after twelve 
years* residence in Holland." 

A little later than this there were the "Merchant Ad- 
venturers," who dwelt mainly in London, who raised the 
stock to supply the new colony's needs. Some were gen- 
tlemen, some merchants, "handicraftmen," etc., about 70 in 
number ; some adventuring large sums, some small, accord- 
ing as their estates and affections served. "They were not 
a corporation, but knit together by a voluntary combination 
in a society without restraint of penalty, aiming to do good 
and to plant religion," and many of these became permanent 
settlers before 1640. 

Among these we find William Collier, whose name was 
on the list of those who subscribed an agreement made 
with Plymouth Colony, November 25, 1626. 


William Collier, one of the "Merchant Adventurers" of Eng- 
land and a man of wealth and distinction, came quite early 
to Plymouth and soon removed to Duxbury. He had land 
west of North Hill, granted in 1635, and a tract called 
Billingsgate. He was a man of much enterprise and en- 
gaged in a great deal of business. During most of his 
life he was employed in the government of the colony in 
various positions. In 1644 William Collier, and "whom 
he pleaseth with him," of Duxbury, with the governor and 
Mr. Prence, of Plymouth, and Mr. Winslow and Mr. 
Thomas, of Marshfield, were chosen to revise the laws. 

He was one of the council of war, and when, in 1642, 
the Indians under Miantonomo, of the Narragansett tribe, 
meditated the extirpation of the English, their plot was 
discovered and the court considered it proper to make 
further preparations of defense ; a committee was ap- 
pointed consisting of Mr. Collier, ]\Ir. Winslow, Mr. 
Hatherly and Captain Standish. They were sent to Mas- 
sachusetts Bay to conclude a treaty with them in the 
present state of affairs. Of this number, Winslow and 
Collier were afterwards authorized to subscribe the arti- 
cles of confederation. The union was concluded and the 
articles signed at Boston May 19, 1643. That men of the 
highest respectability were selected to retail the "strong 
water" was certainly the case, for we find that, in 1660, 
Mr. Collier, who was eminently distinguished in the public 
offices of the colony, was licensed to sell the beverage to 
his neighbors in Duxbury, and it can be justly considered 
that one who is well known to have been one of the 
wealthiest among them would not have selected this as 
a means of gain, but rather at the instance of the magis- 
trates, who well knew him to be a sober and discreet man 
and one who would not be likely to suffer any transgres- 
sions of their laws. Constant Southworth, who is also 
known to have been a man of the highest respectability, 
and one of the deputies, was permitted in 1648 to sell 



wine in Duxbury. That Collier stood high in the public 
esteem is shown by the fact that, in 1658, after he became 
feeble, ''The court ordered a servant to him because he 
cannot easily come to public business, being aged, and 
having much private business." 

He died in 1671, at an advanced age. It is supposed 
he was buried on the southeast part of Harden Hill, where 
an old burial ground has been discovered, which must 
have been used about sixty years. There are no stones to 
be found there, two reasons being assigned for this : first, 
the difficulty of getting the stones, as they had to be 
brought from England, and, second, the need of secrecy 
to keep the Indians from getting the bodies. 

"Here probably rest the remains of Standish, Alden, 
Collier, Partridge and others whose memory we delight to 
cherish, but whose graves must forever remain unknown." 

William Collier's daughter was 

Elizabeth, wife of Constant Southworth. 

William Southworth and Martha Kirtland Blaque. 

Andrew Southworth and Temperance Kirtland. 

Andrew Southworth and Amna (Buck?). 

Samuel Southworth and Hannah Shipman. 

Eliza Lucy Southworth and William Goodwin Lewis. 

Henry Martyn Lewis. 

(From "Davis' Landmarks of Plymouth.") 
See "Winsor's History of Duxbury," p. 66. 


The name of this family was originally spelled Kirk- 
land, and would indicate Scotch descent, though it is an 
old English name, the family being situated principally in 
Cumberland, and the "General Armory" gives the coat of 
arms of Kirkland, granted in the time of William I. 


In this country the family may be traced back to 1635, 
in which year Philip and Nathaniel came over on the 
Hopewell. The same year, among the thirty-six heads of 
families in Saybrook, Conn., the name of John Kirkland 
appears, and he is said to have come from Silver Street, 

There is a possible connection between this family and 
John Kirtland of Buckinghamshire, judging from the simi- 
larity of names as mentioned in his will, which reads as 
follows: "Will of John Kirtland of Tickford in the par- 
ish of Newport Pagnell, County Bucks, Gentleman, 12 
Dec, 1616, proved i Aug. 1617." 'To son Nathaniel 
all that part of my dwelling house in Tickford wherein 
I now inhabit, sometimes called by the name of Emberton's, 
adjoining to the tenement in the use of Wm. Conning- 
ham and to the house & ground of me, the said John 
Kirtland, sometime Thomas Horton's. Legacies to Mary 
Kirtland, my now wife, sons Francis and Joseph Kirt- 
land and daughters Abigail, Susanna & ^Nlary- Kirtland. 
To my eldest son John Kirtland the house or tenement 
sometime Thomas Horton's (next the above) & adjoining 
a tenement of heirs of Wm. Barton, deceased. Wife Mary 
& her five children as above. To godson John Kirtland, 
son of my brother Philip Kirtland, 14 shillings, 4 pence, 
& to the rest of the children of the said Philip 2s. 6d. 
each to be paid unto the said Philip for their use. To 
the children of my brother, Francis Kirtland 2s. 6d. apiece. 
To Francis Foster, clerk los. Wife Mary to be executrix, 
friends George Hull and John Horley of Newport Pagnell 
to be overseers." One of the witnesses to this will is 
"Phylip Kyrtland." 

We have, then, three brothers, John, born about 1580; 
Philip, born about 1585, and Francis, born about 1590, and 
presumably our line leads back to the second, as our earliest 
record in this country is of 


Philip, probably of Sherrington, County Bucks, England. The 
first definite record of Philip, Sr., is in 1638, when he was 
granted ten acres in Lynn. In 1643 his signature appears 
in Goody Armitage's petition. His wife is not named, and 
no date is given of his death. His children were : John, 
born 1607; Philip, born 1614; Nathaniel, born 1616; Su- 
sanna, married John Wastall, of Weathersfield. 

Nathaniel was born in England in 1616; came to this country 
with his brother Philip on the Hopewell. In 1638 he was 
defendant in a lawsuit brought by Isaack Disberow. He 
went to Long Island with his brother Philip and stayed 
some years. Here he married Parnell and set- 
tled in Southold. They returned to Lynn before 1658, 
and he was selectman in 1678 and died there in 1686. The 
children of Nathaniel and Parnell Kirtland are : 
Matthew; Philip; Ann; John, bom in Lynn, August, 1659; 
Hannah; Elizabeth, born in Lynn, March 20, 1664; mar- 
'ried William Pratt ; Mary ; and Martha, born May 15, 1667 ; 
married, first, Joseph Blaque, and second, Capt. William 
South worth, of Little Compton, L. I. 

John, Lieutenant, was born in Lynn, August, 1659. He was 
adopted by his aunt and uncle, Susanna (Kirtland) and 
John Wastall, of Weathersfield, and succeeded to their 
estate. He lived in Saybrook and married Lydia, daughter 
of Lieut. William Pratt. 

John was very prominent in local affairs, and was ap- 
pointed lieutenant of the fort at Saybrook in 1702 and again 
in 1708. ("Col. Rec. of Conn.," Vols. 4 and 5.) He died 
January 20, 1716. The children are: 
John, born July 11, 1681 ; married Temperance Bucking- 
Priscilla, married Thomas Jones. 

Lydia, married, first, Mr. Griffin, and second, 

Elizabeth, married John Shipman. 


Nathaniel, married, first, Sara Chapman; second, Phoebe 
De Wolf. 


Samuel, married Martha Whittlesey. 

Daniel, Rev., born June 17, 1701 ; was at Yale 1720; or- 
dered first pastor of Newent Church, at Norwich, 
Conn., 1720; married, July 15, 1723, Mary Perkins; 
had five sons and seven daughters, among them Rev. 
Samuel K., missionary to the Oneidas and father of 
President John Thornton Kirtland, of Harvard Uni- 

Parnell, married John Tully. 

John, oldest son of Lieut. John and Lydia (Pratt) Kirtland, was 
born July ii, 1681 ; married Temperance, daughter of 
Rev. Thomas and Hester (Hosmer) Buckingham, of Say- 
brook, on March 3, 1702-3. ("Saybrook Rec," Vol. 

n, 4) 

Temperance Kirtland and Lieut. Andrew Southworth. 
Capt. Andrew Southworth and Amna (Buck?). 
Samuel Southworth and Hannah Shipman. 
Eliza Lucy Southworth and William Goodwin Lewis. 
Henry Martyn Lewis. 


There is a genealogy of the Pratt family, prepared by the 
Rev. F. W. Chapman, A.M., and this book is our authority 

for the statements herein made. 

The earliest notice of Pratts in England is prior to 1200, 
and shows that they probably came to England from Nor- 
mandy. The name occurs among the earliest of English 
*'Sirnames" and the family in many of its branches held 
stations of influence and power in the British Empire. 
The name is taken from the Latin Pratum, a meadow, and 


reference to this is made on the arms of the family. "Nine 
distinct armorial bearings granted by the Herald's College 
are now extant among as many different families." And, 
better than distinction or wealth, they are known to have 
been an upright and Godly people. Our line is traced to 

Thomas Pblatt, of Baldock, England, who had wife Joan. No 
dates are given but that of his will, which was dated 
February 5, 1539. He had four children, Thomas, James, 
Andrew and Agnes, all of whom are mentioned in his will. 

Andrew, son of Thomas and Joan Pratt, was born at Baldock. 
No date is given and his wife's name is not found. He 
had three children: 
Ellen, born 1561. 
William, born October, 1562. 
Richard, bom June 27, 1567. 

William, son of Andrew, was born October, 1562. He was 
inducted into the office of rector of the Parish of Stevenage, 
in Hertfordshire, England, December 6, 1598. He had 
wife Elizabeth . He died in 1629, aged sixty- 
seven. His children were : Sarah, Mary Elizabeth, Rich- 
ard, John and William. Of these Mary, John and William 
are not mentioned in their father's will, having come to 
America and probably received their portion. 

William, Lieutenant, appears in Hartford among the original 
proprietors, and drew his home lot in the first division of 
land in February, 1639, receiving lots Nos. 8 and 6, on 
Burr Street, now North Main Street. He and his "re- 
puted" brother John are supposed to have gone with the 
Rev. Thomas Hooker to Newtown, now Cambridge, in 
1633, probably being among the "joyful and affectionate 
people" who greeted him on his arrival at Boston, in the 
ship GriiHn, September of that year. 

William Pratt went from Newtown to Hartford June, 
1636. He married Elizabeth, born January, 1659, daugh- 
ter of John Clark, of Saybrook, and later of Milford. 


No date of the marriage is given. The will of John Clark, 
February 17, 1672, mentions son John of Saybrook, son 
William Pratt, daughter Elizabeth Pratt, granddaughter 
Sarah Huntingdon and daughter Sarah Huntington. In 
the same office the place of his residence is found to have 
been Great Mundon, in Hertfordshire, England. 

Lieut. William Pratt was one of the band who went 
from Hartford on the expedition against the Pequot In- 
dians in 1637, which resulted in the destruction of their 
fort at Mystic and the annihilation of their power as a tribe. 
He subsequently received one hundred acres of land by 
order of the general court, probably for services performed 
in that expedition. He sold his land in Hartford to Mat- 
thew Beckwith about 1645 ^"^ removed to Saybrook, 
where he settled in the borough of Essex, his home being 
in the region now occupied by the Rope Walk. His first 
two children were born at Hartford and the rest at Say- 
brook. He was a man of considerable note in the colony. 
He represented the town in General Assembly from October 
II, 1666, to May 9, 1678, the year of his death. His name 
often appears in the town records, and he was a large land- 
holder in Saybrook and also in the township of Hebron. 
He undoubtedly received the Hebron lands as one of the 
legatees of the Indian Chief Uncas and his sons. In "In- 
dian Papers," Vol. I, the will of Attawanhood, third son 
of Uncas, is signed March 10, 1676, *'in Lyme Neare Eight 
Mile Island in the Connecticut River." Much of his prop- 
erty was given away in enormous tracts to various white 
persons in Hartford, Saybrook and other places. He rec- 
ommended his children to all his legatees, but more par- 
ticularly to three whom he mentioned by name, "Robert 
Chapman, William Pratt and Thomas Buckingham." 
William Pratt left a will, according to "Saybrook Records," 
but it cannot be found, and it is supposed to have been 
destroyed by fire at New London before 1700. 


Lydia, daughter of Lieut. William and Elizabeth (Clark) Pratt, 
was born January i, 1659. She married John Kirt- 
land, of Saybrook, son of Nathaniel and Parnell Kirtland, 
of Lynn, Mass. John at the age of nineteen, and his 
brother Philip were registered April, 1635, as passengers 
in the Hopewell from London. They were of Sherrington, 
in Buckinghamshire, England. John was adopted at Say- 
brook by Mr. John Wastall. In his will, in 1692, Mr. 
Wastall gave him all his property. 

The line from Lydia Pratt and John Kirtland runs : 

John Kirtland 2d, born January 11, 1681 ; married Temper- 
ance Buckingham, born January 6, 1684, daughter of Rev. 
Thomas and Hester (Hosmer) Buckingham. The Rev. 
Thomas was son of Thomas Buckingham (and wife Han-, 
nah), of Milford, who was a joint legatee with William 
Pratt in the will of the Indian Attawanhood. 

Temperance Kirtland, born November 10, 1710; married Lieut. 

Andrew Southworth, January 2^, 1732; died December 

19. 1794. 
Andrew Southworth_, Capt., married Amna (Buck?). 

Samuel Southworth married Hannah Shipman. 

Eliza Lucy Southworth married William Goodwin Lewis. 

Henry Martyn Lewis married Frances Amelia Smith. 


The earliest mention of the Shipman family finds them in 
Saybrook, and from the records of that place the dates 
are taken, and the first named is 

Edward, who was made freeman October, 1667, under the name 
Shipton, but in all other records appears as Shipman. He 
married, early in January, 1651, Elizabeth Comstock, who 
died July, 1659. He married, second, July i, 1663, Mary 
Andrews. In Savage's ''Dictionary of First Settlers," 


Vol. 14, we read that in the will of the Indian sachem 
Uncas, February 29, 1676, Edward Shipman is one of 
three devisees, to each of which testator gave three thou- 
sand acres of land, and this within sight of Hartford. Ed- 
ward died September 15, 1697, and was buried at Haddam, 
which would indicate that he lived nearer Haddam than 
Saybrook. His gravestone is one of the few still standing 
in the graveyard. His oldest son by his second wife was 
John (Sergeant), son of Edward and Mary (Andrews) Shipman, 
was born April 5, 1664, and married. May, 1686, Martha 
Humphries. From deeds given by his children it appears 
that he had died before February 11, 1718-19. His six 
children were : 
John, born 1686-7. 
Jonathan, born January, 1688-9. 
David, born August 9, 1692. 
Abraham, born December 31, 1695. 
Martha, born 1699. 
Hannah, born April 23, 1702. 

These all appear on later deeds. 
John, Jr., oldest child of Sergt. John and Martha (Humphries) 
Shipman, was born in January, 1686-7. He married, 
January 11, 171 5, Elizabeth, daughter of Lieut. John Kirt- 
land. That he bought out the right of his brothers and 
sisters in the family property appears from the following 
deeds, taken from "Saybrook Records," Vol. VI, p. 72: 

"June 18, 1 741. David Shipman of Newark, N. J., 
Abraham Shipman of Saybrook, & Hannah Dunk of Say- 
brook, to John Shipman, Jr. of Saybrook all right of 
honored father, John Shipman, dec'd. & especially pieces 
set out to our mother Martha Shipman, deceased." 

"June 19, 1741. John Shipman Sen. and Elizabeth 
Shipman deed to son John land descended to Elizabeth 
as part of estate of her father, Lieut. John Kirtland, & 


all the share & proportion that belongs to said John Ship- 
man on his part of the right of his father, Serg't. John 
Shipman, late of Saybrook, deceased." 

"July 6, 1741. Samuel Shipman and Martha his wife 
of Hebron Ct. to John Shipman, Jr. all right of said 
Martha as one of the children of Mr. John Shipman, & 
especially in land set out as dower to mother Martha 

(This Samuel Shipman, of Hebron, was probably a de- 
scendant of Edward Shipman's son William, who went to 
that region.) 

The children of John and Elizabeth, as will appear from 
deeds to their son Samuel, are as follows, order and dates 
not obtained: Nathaniel, Elizabeth, John, Elias and 

Samuel (Capt.). The record of his birth is not found. The name 
of his wife was Hannah ; her family name not found. 
Capt. Samuel bought out the other heirs to his father's 
homestead, as will apj>ear by the following deeds, taken 
from "Saybrook Probate Records," Vol. VH, pp. 466, 
843. These deeds also prove Samuel's parentage and show 
the names of his brothers and sisters: 

July 6, 1750. "Nathaniel Shipman of Norwich to 
Samuel Shipman of Saybrook, quitclaims for a valuable 
consideration his right to the dwelling house which be- 
longed to our father John Shipman of Saybrook with 2 
acres 80 rds. on which it stands, bounded West by town 
street, North on land of Mr. Clark, East on Mr. Joseph 
Buckingham, South on heirs of Elias STiipman of Killing- 
worth, deceased." 

January 19, 1750 or 1751. "Jonathan and Elizabeth 
Bushnell of Saybrook to brother Samuel Shipman of Say- 
brook, right in dwelling of honored father Mr. John Ship- 
man." Description the same as the above. 


August 31, 1 75 1. "John Shipman of Saybrook to brother 
Samuel, right in land now in possession of honored mother 
as tenant in dower/' Same description. 

March i, 1749 or 1750. "Rebecca Shipman, widow of 
Elias of Killingworth," sells her husband's right in the 
same property to Samuel Shipman. 

This property was situated in the first society of Say- 
brook on the east side of the town street, probably near 
the meetinghouse. About 1795, near the close of his life, 
we find him mortgaging this property, and later disposing 
of it to the mortgagee. This might be accounted for by 
the condition of the times and his activity in the Revolu- 
tionary service. 

We learn from "Colonial Records of Connecticut" that 
Samuel Shipman was made lieutenant of First Company 
or train band of Saybrook, October, 1766, and captain of 
First Company or train band in the Seventh Regiment of 
this colony, May, 1767 (see Vol. 12, pp. 506 and 556). 
He was also deputy for Saybrook, October, 1777, and 
January, 1778 (pp. 411, 470, Vol. i, "Rec. of State of 
Conn."). He may have served later, but the State records 
were not published then. 

In the "Connecticut Men in the Revolution" we learn that 
he was captain of a company in the regiment of Col. Thad- 
deus Cook, which was in both actions at Saratoga in 1777 

(P- 510)- 

Also, among the "Individual Records, Naval Service," 
that one Joseph Higgins "Commands a boat under Captain 
Shipman at Saybrook, 1780" (p. 607). 

The name Samuel Shipman appears without the title or 
residence in the list in comptroller's office of "militia under 
General Gates to the Northward, 1777" (p. 513), and "with 
a company from Hartland, as a member of the Second 
Connecticut Regiment, from April 30, 1782, to January 
i» 1783" (p. 329). As there was a Samuel Shipman in 


Hebron, this may be a member of that family, or may 
have been Samuel son of Capt. Samuel. The death of 
Capt. Samuel must have occurred in 1801, as from "Say- 
brook Probate Records," Vol. 4 (p. 179), we learn that 
administration on the estate of Capt. Samuel Shipman, 
late of Saybrook, deceased, was granted October 6, 1801, 
to Timothy Pratt, of Saybrook; estate represented insol- 
vent. The amount of inventory, taken November 2, 1801, 
is £106.11.2. The real estate consisted of eight acres of 
woodland, three and one-fourth acres of which were set 
off to the widow and the remainder ordered sold for her 
support. There was no division, therefore, to the children, 
and their names do not appear. Some of the items of the 
inventory are : ''Great Bible, Dycke's Dictionary, Echard's 
Gazetteer, Heralry, 2 vols., 4/6, old law book, Boyle's 
Works, Winchester's Dialogues, Address of Congress, car- 
penter's tools, boards," etc. 

One reference speaks of him as a "joyner." His widow 
had some property in her own right, for, February 10, 1802, 
Hannah widow of Capt. Samuel Shipman, sells to Richard 
Tryon land in Oyster River quarter, first society, near 
Clapboard Hill, six and one-fourth acres and thirty-nine 
rods, ''descended from my father's estate," bounded south 
by highway, west by Nathaniel Bushnell, north by Robert 
Ely, east by Moses Chalker. 

The children of Capt. Samuel and Hannah Shipman are 
not found on the Saybrook records, but we have 

Samuel, who is given as the son of Capt. Samuel in "Andrews' 
New Britain," p. 278, where reference is made to Joseph 
as "son of Samuel and his wife Sarah (Stanliff), of Chat- 
ham, and grandson of Capt. Samuel Shipman, of Saybrook, 
Conn." From here the family records are complete, and 
the data given is from them. 

Samuel was born September 3, 1750, and married Sarah 
Stanliff, of Chatham, who was born April 15, 1750. The 


date of marriage is not found. They had six children : 

Hannah, born September i8, 1773. 

Lucy, born February 27, 1775 ; never married ; died at 
Springfield, N. Y., July 11, i860, age eighty-five. 

Samuel, born January 14, 1777; married September, 1797; 
died May 25, 1823. 

Joseph, born December 23, 1778 or 1779 {^o. 461 in "An- 
drews' New Britain") ; married Mary Lee, July ii, 
1802; died March 9, 1859. The names of four chil- 
dren are given in ''Andrews' New Britain" : 

Sally, born January 22, 1785 ; married Lewis in 


Chauncey, born February, 1789; married Maria Roberts, 
of Berlin, August 3, 1812; one son, John; 696 "An- 
drews' New Britain." 
Samuel died March 12, 1826, and his wife Sarah died 

November 16, 1823. 

Hannah, daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Stanliff) Shipman, was 
born September 18, 1771 or 1773, and married, February 
16, 1794, Samuel Southworth, She died August 19, 1827 
or 1828, the family record giving her age as fifty-six. 
Their children are given under the Southworth line, and 
the following is the continuation of the line : 

Eliza Lucy Southworth married William Goodman Lewis. 

Henry Martyn Lewis married Frances Amelia Smith. 





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