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Full text of "Souvenir of settlement and progress of Will County, Ill. A review of the lives of our presidents, political, military and commercial history of the United States and of the state of Illinois ... Business directory of Joliet ... Comp. specially for the people of the county .."

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Souvenir of Settlement and Progress 



WILL COUNTY, ILL. 



A REVIEW 



Op the Lives of our Presidents, Political, Military and 
Commercial History of the United States 



AND OF THE 



STATE OF ILLINOIS. 



Complete History and Directory of Will County, Pioneeks and Old 

Settlers, Early Settt,e?,ient, Military History ;i<S3:M865, 

Political History 1836-1884, Commercial History 

1883-188t, Tax Uoll of 1843, Tax Koll of 1884. 



BUSINESS IDIRECTORY OF- JOLIET. 



Societies, Schools, IVczvspa/^crs, Churches, History of Touu/shi/Kf, Cities an,/ Villages. 



COMPILED SPECIALLY FOR THE PEOPLE OF THE COUNTY. 



3" 29 00219 6228 



CHICAGO : 
Historical Directory Publishing Co. 

{Laic T. M. Donnelly <Sr> Co) 
1884. 



620440 



Printed and Bound bj' Donohue & Hennebekry, Chicago. 



CONTENTS. 



MAP OF COUNTY 
PART I. 



POIJTICAL, STATISTICAL AND CHllONOLOCUCAL 
UNITED STATES. 



HISTORY OF THE 



Page 

Discoveiy of America 33 

Indian Inhabitants 34 

States of the Union 35 

Brief History of Territories of the 

Union 41 

Signers of the Declaration of In- 
dependence 41 

The Continental Congress 42 

Presidents of the United States . . 43 

National Conventions 54 

Presidential Vote 1824-80 64 

Occupations of the People G4 

Public Debt 1791-1884 65 

Table of Pubhc Debts of the Na- 
tions 66 

Trade of the United States 67 

The Negro Race 67 



Page 

Postal Statistics 68 

Prices of Staple Goods 1825-1881, 69 

Railroads of the World 69 

American Wars , 70 

Military Loan 1861 74 

Military Organization of the 

World 75 

Church Statistics 75 

General Councils 77 

Educational Statistics 77 

Naval Statistics 78 

Merchant Shipping 78 

Important Lav^fs of the States ... 78 

Weights and Measures 87 

Chronological History of the 

United'^States 88 



PART II. 

POLITICAL AND MILITARY HISTORY — CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS 
OP ILLINOIS. 



Organic History 103 

Governors of Illinois 103 

Lieutenant-Governors of Illinois, 105 
Superintendents of Public In- 
struction 106 

Attorneys General 106 

State Treasurers 107 

State Secretaries 107 

Auditors 107 

United States Senators 107 



Representatives in Congress 110 

Judges of Supreme Court 112 

Population 1810 1880 112 

Valuation'1839-1883 113 

State Debt 1839-1883 113 

Education in Illinois 114 

Military History of Illinois 116 

Military Statistics 123 

Chronological History of Illinois 
1671-1871 123 



PART III. 

ENGRAVINGS OF OLD AND NEW COURT HOUSES — HISTORY OP WILL 

COUNTY 1764-1884. 

Early Indian Inhabitants 135 Organic History 147 

Indian Boundary Line 135 roll of property owners in 

Assessment 1842 147 1842 138 to 146 

Pioneers of the County 146 



POLITICAL HISTORY AND ELECTION RETURNS 1886-1883. 



County Oourt 151 

County Commissioners 151 

Public Buildings 164 

""'Circuit Court 165 

fBar of Will County 166 

* First. •!• The Pioneer Lawyers. 



The Black Hawk War.. 166 

AValker's Grove Volunteers 169 

Naper Settlement Volunteers. . . .170 
Yankee Settlement Volunteers. .170 
Capture of Black Hawk 171 



war for THE UNION -regimental ROSTERS. 



Infantry R( gimeuts 171 

Artillery 236 

Cavalry Regiments 228 

Miscellaneous Regiments 226 

Illinois and Mickigau Canal 240 



Railroads 241 

Analysis of Census returns 243 

Assessment 1873-83 245 

School Statistics 245 

Centers of Settlement 246 



PART IV. 

township and CITY HISTORY. 



Joliet Township 251 

Statistics 252 

Pioneers 253 

Presidents of Village 258 

Joliet in the War 259 

Church History 262 

Secret and Benevolent Societies .268 

Fii"e Department 273 

Personal History 296 



Joliet City 255 

Early History 256 

Organic History 257 

Mayors of City 258 

Newspapers 259 

State Penetentiary 274 

Public Library 273 

Cemeteries 273 

School Report 295 



TAX-PAYERS OP JOLIET CITY AND TOWNSHIP, 274 



Channahon Township. 

Crete 

Custer 

Du Page 

Florence 

Frankfort 



. . . .385 
,...388 
. . .395 
,...398 
, . . .401 
. . . .404 

Jackson Township 346 

Joliet 251 

Green Garden 411 

Homer 414 

Lockport 418 

Manhattan 428 

Monee 430 



New Lenox 434 

Peotone 437 

Plainfield 302 

Reed 440 

Troy 450 

Washington 452 

Wesley 455 

Wheatland 457 

Will 459 

Wilmington 462 

Wilton 468 

BusiNESss Directory of Jollet 
City 472 



PREFACE. 



"FN the publication of the Souvenir of Settlement and Prog- 
-^ 7'ess an effort • has been made to give, in the smallest 
compass, an extraordinary number of historical facts, and 
to place before the people a book at once educational and 
historical. In all instances the facts gleaned from the 
public records, and from thousands of personal reminis- 
cences and historical contributions, have been analyzed, 
compared, and arranged in a concise and practical form. 

The work is divided into four parts. The first part is 
devoted to a synopsis of the history of the United States ; 
the second, to a review of the history of Illinois; the third, 
to a complete pioneer, military, political, legal, commercial, 
and statistical history of Will County ; and the fourth part, 
to a concise history of the townships and cities of the 
county, and lists of taxpayers. The tax-roll of 184:2 is, in 
itself, an invaluable record, while the roll of taxpayers for 
1881 forms a reference for the present, and a record for the 
future. 

Chicago, September, 1884. 



SOUVENIR OF SETTLEMENT AND PROGRESS 

AND 

Historical Directory of Will County. 



PART I. 



THE UNITED STATES, STATISTICAL, POLITICAL AND 
CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY. 

THE honor of discovering land in the western hemisphere 
has been variously credited. It is said, and on very 
good authority, that it was known to the people of Carthage, 
as the Atalantis of Plato's " Critias and Timaeus." Again, 
Saint Brendan is credited with its discovery in the sixth 
century; while Powell, in his history of Wales, assumes that 
the Welsh prince, Madoc, left his country in 1170 with his 
retainers, and made a settlement here. The works of those 
early settlers and explorers were of such httle utility that 
nothing has been transmitted by them to posterity which 
might substantiate the claims of their latter day country- 
men. ISTot so with the Tartars and others. The ancient 
inhabitants of Hispaniola, Peru, Mexico, and even Canada, 
who came via Kamtschatka from China, Japan, and even 
from Africa, left behind them immutable souvenirs of their 
coming and their stay, and gave to the continent two great 
empires — Mexico and Peru. Then followed Spain with her 
Christian hero, the Cenoese — Columbus — 11:92 ; then England 
with the two Venetians — John and Sebastian Cabot — ^149Y ; 
then Portugal with the Florentine— Vespucius — 1501; then 
the French explorers — Cartier, Marquette, Joliet, La SaUe, 
AUouez, Dablon, and hundreds of other Frenchmen who 
explored and wrote and preached. The record of discovery 
by Europeans, as accepted, is as foUows : Christopher Co- 
lumbus, San Salvador, 14:92 ; John and Sebastian Cabot, 
Labrador, 1197; Americus Yespucius, Brazil, 1501; Caspar 
Cortereal, Canada, 1501; Ponce de Leon, Florida, 1512; 
Juan Yerrazani, Coast of North Carolina, 1521 ; 'Jacques 
3 33 



34 "UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

Cartier, Gulf of St. Lawrence, 1534; Hernandez Cortes, Cali- 
fornia, 1536 ; Ferdinand de Soto, Mississippi river, 1541 ; 
Samuel Chami3lain, Eiver St. John, 1604 ; Henry Hudson, 
Hudson river, 1609 ; Marquette, Joliet, La Salle, Upper Lake 
and Mississippi region; Yerandrye, De Smet, Eocky mount- 
ains. 

The aboriginal inhabitants of this continent have left 
numerous evidences of their existence, such as ruins, stone 
and copper vessels and instruments. The written records 
of their occupation are scarce and unintelligible. The Indian 
inhabitants number over a quarter of a million (260,0Y9) and 
are grouped as follows : Apaches, Kew Mexico, Y,300 ; Arrap- 
ahoes. Upper Platte river, 720 ; Arrapahoes, Upper Arkan- 
sa.s river, 3,000; Arricarees, Upper Missouri river, 1,080; 
Assiniboines, Upper Missouri river, 3,280 ; Blackfeet, Upper 
Missouri river, 2,080 ; Bloods, Upper Missouri river, 2,400 ; 
Brules, Upper Missouri river, 1,120; California Tribes, Cah- 
fornia, 33,590; Camanches, Upper Arkansas river, 1,800; 
Cayugas, Senecas, 'New York, 147 ; Cherokees, West Arkan- 
sas river, 17,530; Cheyennes, Upper Platte river, 1,800; 
Cheyennes, Upper Arkansas river, 1,600 ; Chickasaws, West 
Arkansas river, 4,787; Chippewas of Lake Superior, Michi- 
gan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, 4,940; Chippewas of the 
Mississippi river, Minnesota, 4,028 ; Chippewas and Ottawas, 
Michigan, 5,006; Chippewas of Saginaw and Swan Creek, 
Michigan, 1,629 ; Chippewas, with Pottawatomies, Michigan, 
247; Choctaws, West of Arkansas, 16,000; Christian, or 
Munsees, Kansas, 90 ; Creeks, West of Arkansas, 25,000 ; 
Crows, Upper Missouri river, 3,900 ; Delawares, Kansas, 
1,071; Gros Yentres, Upper Missouri river, 1,000; lowas, 
Nebraska, 291; Kansas Kaws, etc., Kansas, 741; Kaskaskias, 
Weas, Peorias, Weas Miamis, and Piankeshaws, Kansas, 384 ; 
Kickapoos, Kansas, 340; Kiawas, Upper Arkansas river, 
1,800; Mandans, Upper Arkansas river, 120; Menominees, 
Wisconsin, 1,724 ; Miamis, Indiana, 384 ; Missouris and 
Ottoes, Nebraska, 470 ; Minnecongoux, Upper Missouri river, 
1,280; Muhuache Utahs, ISTew Mexico, 566; JSTavajoes and 
Moquis, New Mexico, 15,000 ; Omahas, Nebraska, 953 ; Onon- 
dagas. New York, 422 ; Oneidas, New York, 160 ; Oneidas with 
Onondagas, New York, 70 ; Oneidas with Stockbridge, etc., 
Wisconsin, 323; Oregon Tribes, Oregon, 13,000; Osages, 
West of Arkansas, 4,098 ; Pawnees (four bands), Nebraska, 
3,414; Primos Mescaleros, etc.. New Mexico, 400; Poncas, 
Nebraska, 864 ; Pottawatomies with Kickapoos, Kansas, 69 ; 
Pottawatomies of LIuron, Michie-an, 50; Pottawatomies at 



UNITED STATES HISTORY, 35 

Agency proper, Kansas, 2,259 ; Pueblos, IS'ew Mexico, 10,000 ; 
Quapaws, West of Arkansas, 314; Sacs and Foxes (Missis- 
sippi), Kansas, 1,280; Sacs and Foxes (Missouri), ]S"ebraska, 
96 ; Sans Arcs, Upper Missouri river, 1,600 ; Senecas, 'New 
York, 2,988; Senecas, with Sliawnees, West of Arkansas, 
159; Seminoles, West of Arkansas, 2,500; Shawnees, Kan- 
sas, 830 ; Sioux of tlie Mississippi, Upper Missouri river, 
8,686; Sioux of the ]V[issouri, Upper Platte river, 6,000; 
Stockbridge, with Munsees, Wisconsin, 323; Tuscaroras, 
New York, 305 ; Two Kettles, Up])er Missouri river, 960 ; 
Utah Tribes, Utah, 1,200 ; Utahs (New Mexico), New Mex- 
ico, 2,500; Uncopapas, Upper Missouri river, 2,680; Wash- 
ington Territory Tribes, Washington Territory, 14,000; 
Winnebagoes: Upper IMissouri river, 2,256 ; Wyandots, Kan- 
sas, 435 ; Yanctonnais (Missouri), Upper Missouri river, 3,840. 
Since the Revolution many of these tribes have been con- 
stantly up in arms against the whites. The Indian War of 
1790, the Barbary War of 18(i3, the Tecumseh War of 1804, 
the British Indians War of 1812-15, the Algerine War of 
1815, the first and second rebellions of the Seminoles, 1817 and 
1835, the Black Hawk War of 1832, the Minnesota Massacre 
of 1862, the Sioux War of 1875-8, the Nez Perces War of 
1877, and the Apaches War of 1883, with a thousand other 
minor affairs, convey an idea of the manner in which the 
conquest of the Indian nations was effected. 

States of the Union. — From whatever standpoint we 
may look over the map of this New World, we cannot fail 
to observe the gigantic physical and political organizations, 
Avhich belong to that portion of it, already within the bound- 
aries of the Union, or divest ourselves of the idea that the 
vast areas without the Union, now untenanted by enter- 
prise or wealth, were intended to remain foreign to the 
ennobling influences of the Republic for any great length 
of time. While dealing with this part of our work, let a 
brief review of the history of each State be made — then 
take the facts in connection with the general statistics, 
examine ancient and modern history, and you fail to find a 
parallel to the Union's progress in any one particular or in 
all combined. 

Alahama. — This State was explored b}^ La Salle in 1684, 
settled by his countrymen at Mobile in 1711, and admitted 
in 1817. The name implies. Here we rest. In 1880, gave 
56,221 Republican; 91,185 Democratic, and 4,624 Greenback 
votes. 

Arhmsas. — Was settled by the French in 1680, is named 



36 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

after its principal river. Its motto is Regnant jpojpuli. In 
1880, gave 60,775 Democratic; 42,436 Republican, and 4,079 
Greenback votes. 

California. — Was first visited by the Spaniards in 1542, 
and next by the notorious British navigator. Sir Francis 
Drake in 1578. It derives its name from the bay forming 
the peninsula of Lower California. In 1846, General Fre- 
mont took possession of it, defeating the Mexicans. Ad- 
mitted as a State in 1850. Sacramento is the capital. In 
1880, gave 80,426 Democratic; 80,348 Republican, and 3,392 
Greenback votes. Its motto is Eureka. 

Colorado. — Was organized as a Territory in 1861. Ad- 
mitted as a State in 1876. It was named from its river. Its 
motto is Nil sine numine. Pike's Peak affair in 1858 led 
to its settlement. In 1880, gave Garfield 27,450 ; Hancock 
24,647, and Weaver 1,435 votes. 

Connecticut. — Kamed Quon-ch-ta-cut, Long River. Is 
called the Nutmeg State. Settled in 1631. Its motto is 
Qui transtuUt sustinet. In 1880, gave the Republicans 
67,071 ; the Democrats 64,415 ; the Prohibitionists 409, and 
the Greenbackers 868 votes. 

Delaware. — Was named after Lord De la Ware, a Brit- 
ish statesman, and is called " The Blue Tlen^^ and " Diamond 
State." Its motto is Liberty and Independence. Was first 
settled by the Swedes in 1627, was one of the original thir- 
teen States. In 1880, gave the Democrats 15,275 ; Repub- 
licans 14,123, and Greenback 120 votes. 

Florida.- — was discovered by Ponce de Leon in 1512, 
called by the Spaniards, Pascua Florida, derived its name 
from the beauty and variety of its flowers. Its motto is 
^^ In God we Trust?'' Was admitted into the Union in 1845. 
In 1880, gave 27,964 Democratic, and 23,654 Republican 
votes. 

Georgia. — Owes its name to George II., of England, who 
authorized the establishment of a colony there in 1732-33. 
Its motto is " ^Y^sdom., Jtistice, and ModerationP It was 
one of the original States. In 1880, gave 102,470 Demo- 
cratic ; 54,086 Republican, and 969 Greenback votes. 

Illinois. — Was first explored by the French in 1671, and 
admitted into the Union in 1818. Name derived from the 
word Illini., meaning superior men. It is called the '' Prai- 
rie State," and its inhabitants '■^ Sucker s.^^ Settled in 1680 
by French colonists and soldiers. Motto, " State Sovereignty, 
National Union.''^ In 1880, gave 318,037 Republican; 277,- 
321 Democratic ; 26,358 Greenback, and 443 Prohibition votes. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 3Y 

Indiana. — Was explored in 1682 ; admitted as a State in 
1816. Its name was suggested bv its nmiierous Indian pop- 
ulation. Is called the " Iloosier ^Stater In 1880, gave 232,- 
161Kepublican; 225,522 Democratic, and 12,986 Greenback 
votes. 

loiDa. — Is called the "Ilawkeye State." It \yas first 
visited by Marquette and Joliet in 1673 ; settled by fur 
traders, and permanently by Eastern people in 1833. Was 
admitted into the Union in 1816. Its motto is ''Our Lih- 
erties ive Prize, Our Rights we will MaintainP In 1880, 
gave 183,927 Repubhcan ; 105,815 Democratic; 32,701 
Greenback, and 592 Prohibition votes. 

Kansas. — Was admitted into the Union in 1861, making 
the thirtv-fourth State. Its motto is " Ad astra ])er aspera^ 
Its name means " Smokv Water," and is derived from one 
of her rivers. In 1880"i gave 127,519 Eepublican; 59,801 
Democratic; 19,851 Greenback, and 25 Prohibition votes. 

Kentucky. — Was settled in 1769, and admitted in 1792 as 
the fifteenth State. Its motto is, " United we Stand, Di- 
vided we Fall.'' In 1880, gave 119,068 Democratic ; 106,- 
306 Republican; 11,499 Greenback, and 258 Prohibition 
votes. 

Louisiam,a. — Was called after Louis XIY. Its motto is, 
" Union and Confidence.'''' It is called " The Creole State." 
Was visited by La Salle in 1681; admitted into the Union 
in 1812, making the eighteenth State. In 1880, gave 65,067 
Democratic; 38,637 Republican, and 139 Greenback votes. 

Maine. — This State was called after the Province of 
Maine, in France, in compliment of Queen Henrietta. Its 
motto '\% Diingo. It is called the "Pine Tree State," was 
settled by the British in 1625, and admitted as a State in 
1820. In 1880, gave 71,039 Republican ; 65,171 Democratic ; 
4,108 Greenback, and 93 Prohibition votes. 

Maryland. — Was named after Henrietta Maria, Queen of 
Charles I. of England. Its motto is Crescite et mnlti/plicOf 
"inini. It was settled in 1634, by Irisli and English Catholics, 
and was one of the original thirteen States. During the 
colonial period it was a semi-independent constitutional 
monarchy, and the only home of freedom of conscience in 
the whole world. In 1880, gave 93,706 Democratic ; 78,515 
Republican; 818 Greenback votes. In 1856 Maryland cast 
the electoral vote for the Know Nothing candidates for 
President and Vice-President. 

Massachusetts. — Is called the " Bay State," from its 
numerous bays. Its motto is Knse petit placidani suh libertate 



38 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

quietem. Was settled in 1630, at Plymouth, by Puritans. 
It was the first to take up arms against the British during 
the Revolution, and was one of the original thirteen 
States. In 1880, gave 165,205 Repubhcan ; 111,960 Demo- 
cratic; 4,548 Greenback ; 682 Prohibition votes. 

Michigan. — Motto, Tuehor^ and Si qumris jpeninnxilain 
arnocnam circumsjAce. It was early explored by the Jesuit 
missionaries, and in 1837 was admitted into the Union. It is 
known as the "Wolverine State." In 1880, gave 185,341 
Republican ; 131,597 Democratic; 34,895 Greenback, and 942 
Prohibition votes. 

Minnesota. — Is an Indian name, meaning "Cloudy 
Water." Motto, rEtoile du Word. It was visited in 1680 
by Father Hennepin and others, settled in 1846, organized 
as ? territory 1849, and admitted into the Union in 1858. In 
1880, gave 93,903 Republican; 53,375 Democratic; 3,267 
Greenback, and 286 Prohibition votes. 

Misslssijypi. — The State is named from the " Father of 
Waters." Was explored by De Soto in 1541 ; settled by the 
French at Natchez, in 1716, and admitted into the Union in 
1817. In 1880, gave 75,750 Democratic; 34,854 Republican, 
and 5,797 Greenback votes. 

Missouri. — Is derived from the Indian word " Muddy," 
which applies to the river that flows through it. Its motto 
is Sal'us jpojndi suprema est lex. The State was first 
settled by the French near Jefferson City in 1719 ; in 1821 
was admitted into the Union. Its inliabitants are known by 
the offensive cognomen of "Pukes," In 1880, gave 208,609 
Democratic ; 153,567 Republican, and 35,135 Greenback 
votes. 

Nehrasha. — Has for its motto, '•^Equality Before the LawP 
It was admitted into the Union in 1867. In 1880, gave 
54,976 Republican; 28,523 Democratic, and 3,950 Greenback 
votes. 

Wevada. — "The Snowy Land" derived its name from the 
Spanish. Its motto is Volens et jpotens. It was settled in 
1850, and admitted into the Union in 1864. In 1880, gave 
9,613 Democratic, and 8,732 Republican votes. 

New Ilamjjshire. — Was first settled at Dover, by the 
British, in 1623. Was one of the original States. Has no 
motto. It bears the name of " The Old Granite State." In 
1880, it gave 44,852 Republican; 40,794 Democratic; 528 
Greenback, and 180 Prohibition votes. 

New Jersey. — was named after the Island of Jersey in the 
British Channel. Its motto is ^^ Liberty and Independence P 



UNITED STATES HISTOKT. 39 

It was first settled at Bergen, by Swedes, in 1624. It is 
one of the original thirteen States. In 1880, gave 122,565 
Democratic; 120,555 Repubhcan.; 2,617 Greenback, and 191 
Prohibition votes. 

New York. — "The Empire State" was named by the 
Duke of York, afterward King James II., of England. Its 
motto is Excelsior. First settled by the Dutch in 1614, at 
Manhattan. It is one of the original thirteen States. In 
1880, gave 555,514 Eepublican; 534,511 Democratic; 12,373 
Greenback, and 1,517 Prohibition votes. 

North Carolina. — Was named after Charles IX, King of 
France. It was first visited in 1524 by a Florentine navi- 
gator, sent out by Francis I., King of France. It was settled 
at Albemarle in 1663. She Avas not represented in the 
Stamp Act Congress of 1765, and was the last State except 
Khode Island to adopt the Federal Constitution. In 1880, 
gave 124,208 Democratic ; 115,874 Republican, and 1,126 
Greenback votes. 

Ohio. — Was first permanently settled by Kew Englanders 
in 1788, at Marietta. It was admitted as a State in 1803. 
Its motto is Imperium in irajperio. In 1880, gave 375,048 
Republican; 340,821 Democratic; 6,456 Greenback, and 
2,616 Prohibition votes. 

Oregon. — Owes its Indian name to its principal river. Its 
motto is Alls volat propriis. It was first visited by the 
•Spaniards, in the sixteenth century. Settled by the fur 
traders in 1813, again in 1839^1 by the Jesuit missionaries, 
and admitted into the Union in 1859. She is entitled to one 
congressman and three electors. In 1880, gave 20,619 
Republican ; 19,948 Democratic, and 249 Greenback votes. 

Pennsylvania. — This is the " Keystone State," and was 
named after William Penn, its original owner. Its motto 
is, " Virtue, Liberty and Independence P A colony was estab- 
lished by Penn, in 1682. The State was one of 'the original 
thirteen. In 1880, gave 444,704 Repubhcan ; 407,428 Demo- 
cratic ; 20,668 Greenback, and 1,939 Prohibition votes. 

Rhode Island. — This the smallest of the States, owes its 
name to the Island of Rhodes in the Mediterranean, which 
it resembles. Its motto is " lIopeT It was settled by Roger 
WiUiams, in 1636, and formed the twelfth of the original 
thirteen States. In 1880, gave 18,195 Republican; 10,779 
Democratic ; 236 Greenback, and 20 Prohibition votes. 

South Carolina. — " The Palmetto State, "bears the Latin 
name of Charles IX., of France (Carolus). Its motto is Ani- 
mis op)ibusque paratiP The first permanent settlement 



40 TNITED STATES HISTOET. 

was made at Port Eoyal, in 16T0, where the French Huguenots 
had failed three-quarters of a century before, to found a set- 
tlement. It is one of the original thirteen States. In 1880, 
gave 112,312 Democratic; 68,071 Kepublican, and 556 
Greenback votes. 

Tennessee. — Is called the " Big Bend State." Her motto 
is ^'-Aginculture, Commerced It was settled in 1T57, admitted 
into the Union in 1796, making the sixteenth State, or the 
third admitted after the Revolutionary war. In 1880, gave 
128,191 Democratic; 107,677 Republican; 5,917 Greenback, 
and 43 Prohibition votes. 

Texas.- — Is known as the '-''Lone Star State?'' The first 
settlement was made by LaSalle in 1685. After the inde- 
pedence of Mexico, in 1822, it remained a Mexican province 
until 1836, when it gained its independence, and was 
admitted into the Union in 1845. In 1880, gave 156,428 
Democratic; 57,893 Republican, and 27,405 Greenback votes. 

Vermont. — Bears the French name of her mountains, 
Yerde mont., " Green Mountains." Its motto is Freedom and 
Unity. It was settled in 1731, admitted into the Union in 
1791. In: 1880, gave 45,567 Republican; 18,316 Democratic, 
and 1,215 Greenback votes. 

Virginia.—'-^ The Old Dominion," as the State is called, 
is the oldest of the States. It was named in honor of 
Queen Elizabeth (called by some the " Virgin Queen "), in 
whose reign Sir Walter Raleigh made his first attempt to 
colonize that region. Its motto is Sic semper tyrannis. It 
was first settled at Jamestown, in 1607, by the British. It 
is one of the original thirteen States. In 1880, gave 128,586 
Democratic, and 84,020 Republican votes. 

West Virginia. — Motto, Montani semper liheri. This is 
the only State ever formed, under the Constitution, by the 
division of an organized State. It was done in 1862, and 
admitted into the Union in 1863. In 1880, gave 57,391 
Democratic; 46,243 Republican, and 9,079 Greenback votes. 

Wisconsin. — Is an IncUan name, and means " Wild-rush- 
ing channel." Its motto is, Civilitas successit la^^lariim. 
It is called " The Badger State." The State was visited by 
French explorers in 1665, and a settlement was made in 
1669 at Green Bay. Admitted into the Union in 1848. She 
furnished for the Union army 91,021 soldiers. In 1880, gave 
144,400 Republican; 114,649 Democratic; 7,986 Greenback, 
and 69 Prohibition votes. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 41 



THE TEERITOEIES. 



Washington Territory, organized in 1858, explored by the 
fur traders; Dakota, organized in 1861, explored by Yeran- 
drye for the French; Idaho, organized in 1862, settled by 
the Jesuit Fathers in 1811; Montana, organized in 1863, set- 
tled by the Jesuit Fathers in 1839-10. Alaska was pur- 
chased from the Russians for a small consideration, June 20, 
1867. The question of conferring upon this region of fabu- 
lous possibilities, a territorial form of government was 
brought before Congress in 1883. The Senate passed the act 
early in 1881, and on May 12, the House of Eepresentatives 
concurred. The white population is about 1,800, while the 
Indians number over 40,000. Under the act the laws of Ore- 
gon and the United States are recognized. The School Fund 
is placed at $25,000. The traders of the American Fur Com- 
pany and of the Hudson Bay Company, had established 
posts as far south as Fort Hall, Idaho, during the first quar- 
ter of this century. Immediately following the explorations 
of the Jesuits, 1665-8* ), the French trappers penetrated to 
the Rocky mountains, and a few had even returned to the 
Pacific ocean; but the first permanent settlements in the 
northwest must be credited to the Jesuit missionaries under 
Father De Smet. 

Signers of the Declaration of Independence. — The series of 
events which led the people of the Atlantic States to cast off 
forever the yoke of monarchy, are referred to in the chrono- 
logical table of American history. Here it will only be 
necessary to give the names of those great men who signed 
the Declaration of Independence, and proclaimed to the 
world that the same spirit which ruled the Stamp Act in 
1765, which prevailed at Boston, December 16, 1773, was 
prepared to carry opposition to misgovernment still further, 
until the last servant of ro3^alty was driven from the land. 
In the following list the date of death follows each name: 
John Hancock, Massachusetts, 1793; Josiah Bartlett, Massa- 
chusetts, 1795; WiUiam Whipple, Maine, 1785; Matthew 
Thornton, Ireland, 18o3; Samuel Adams, Massachusetts, 
1803; John Adams, Massachusetts, 1826; Robert Treat 
Paine, Massachusetts, 1811; Elbridge Gerry, Massachusetts, 
1814; Stephen Hopkins, Rhode Island, 1785; William Ellery, 
Rhode Island, 1820; Roger Sherman, Massachusetts, 1793. 
Samuel Huntington, Connecticut, 1796; William Williams, 
Connecticut, 1811; Oliver Wolcott, Connecticut, 1797; Will- 
iam Floyd, New York, 1821; Philip Livingston, IvTew York, 



42 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

1YY6; Francis Lewis, England, 1803; Lewis Morris, New 
York, 1Y9S; Richard Stoclvton, New Jersey, 1781; John 
"Witherspoon, Scotland, 1791; Francis Hopkinson, Pennsyl- 
vania, 1791; John Hart, New Jersey, 178<); Francis L. Lee, 
Virginia, 1797; Carter Braxton, Virginia, 1797; William 
Hooper, Massachusetts, 1790; Joseph Hewes, New Jersey, 
1779; John Penn, Virginia, 1788; Edward Rutledge, South 
Carolina, 1800; Abraham Clarke, New Jersey, 1794; Robert 
Morris, England, 1806; Benjamin Rush, Pennsylvania, 1813; 
Benjamin Franklin, Massachusetts, 1790; John Morton, 
Pennsylvania, 1777; George Clymer, Pennsylvania, 1813; 
James Smith, Ireland, 1806; George Taylor, Ireland, 1781; 
James Wilson, Scotland, 1798; George Ross, Delaware, 1780; 
Caesar Rodney, Delaware, 1783; George Reed, Maryland, 1798; 
Thomas McKean, Pennsylvania, 1817; Samuel Chase, Mary- 
land, 1811; William Paca, Maryland, 1799; Thomas Stone, 
Maryland, 1787; Charles Carroll, of Carollton, 1832; George 
Wythe, Virginia, 1800; Richard II. Lee, Virginia, 1794; 
Thomas Jefferson, Virginia, 1826; Benjamin Harrison, Vir- 
ginia, 1797; Thomas Nelson, Virginia, 1789; Thomas Hey- 
ward, Jr., South Carolina, 1809; Thomas Lynch, South 
Carolina, 1777; Arthur Middleton, South Carolina, 1788; 
Button Gwinnet, England, 1777; Lyman HaU, Connecticut, 
1784; George Walton, Virginia, 1804. The original docu- 
ment was written by Thomas Jefferson. So thoroughly was 
the work performed, that only a few erasures and additions 
were made in committee wdien it was signed and proclaimed, 
July 4, 1776. 

The Continental Congress. — The first meeting of this body 
of legislators was held at Philadelphia, September 5, 1774. 
From the beginning its deliberations were characterized by 
wisdom. The Loyalists (there were Lo3"alists even after 1773) 
kept a close watch on the Federalists ; while the latter, hav- 
ing almost all the ability, and certainly all the right on their 
side, were even more vigilant and cautious. The Presidents 
of the Continental Congress, 1774-1781, were : Peyton Ran- 
dolph, Virginia, 1774 ; Henry Middleton, South Carolina, 
1774; Pe3^ton Randolph, Virginia, 1775; John Hancock, 
Massachusetts, 1776; Ilenry Laurens, South Carolina, 1777; 
John Jay, New York, 1778; Samuel LIuntington, Connecti- 
cut, 1779; Thomas McKean, Delaware, 1781; John Hanson, 
Maryland, 1781; Elias Boudinot, New Jersey, 1782 ; Thomas 
Mifiiin, Pennsylvania, 1783 ; Richard Ilenry Lee, Virginia, 
1784; Nathaniel Gorham, Massachusetts, if 86; Arthur St. 
Clair, Pennsylvania, 1787 ; Cyrus Griffin, Virginia, 1788. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 43 

One of the most sublime acts of this Congress was to re- 
ceive from the State of Virginia a gift of the territory nortli- 
west of the Ohio, and guarantee its freedom from slavery. 
The Articles of Confederation were adopted November 15, 
ITYY, and were ratified by all the States March 1, ITSl. A 
form of Constitution was agreed upon September 17, 1Y87, 
which was adopted March 1, 1789. The States, with the 
exception of North Carolina, were represented in tlie Stamp 
Act Congress of 1765. Under the Constitution of 1789, the 
Presidents of the United States have been elected. In the 
following pages a short history of each President and of his 
administration is given. 

George Washington was born on the Potomac river, in 
"Westmoreland county, Virginia, February 22,1732, and died 
December 14, 1799, aged sixty-eight years. In 1754 he was 
made Lieutenant-Colonel of the militia, and accompanied 
Braddock in his expedition against Fort Duquesne in 1755. 
In the same year he was made Commander-in-chief of the 
military forces of the Colony of Virginia, and in 1787 he 
was unanimously chosen President of the Covention that 
met to frame a Constitution. He was inaugurated first 
President of the United States April 30, 1789, and being re- 
elected, he held tlie office until 1797. Conceiving it to be a 
dangerous precedent to serve more than two terms, he patri- 
otically declined a third election. In early life he followed 
the occupation of an engineer. He was married to Mrs. 
Martha Custis in January, 1759. Congress elected him 
Commander of the Revolutionary forces, and he took active 
command July 2, 1775, and held supreme military control 
throughout the struggle for independence. His faith in the 
military genius and philantrophy of the renowned Lafayette, 
as well as his obedience to the French patriot's counsels, 
contributed much to the victory which gave us the Union. 

JoJin Adams, born at Braintree, Massachusetts, October 
30, 1735, died at Quincy, Massachusetts, July 4, 1826, aged 
ninety-one years. He was married to Miss Abigail Smith 
in 1764; was elected President, on the Federal ticket, in 
1796, installed March 4, 1797, and served the Union faith- 
fully during one term of office. His foreign policy, and the 
coercion laws ^vhicli he favored, led to the fall of the Fed- 
eralist party. 

Thomas Jefferson, born at ShadweU, Virginia, April 2, 
1743, died at Monticello, Virginia, July 4, 1826, aged eighty- 
three years. He was married to Mrs. Martha Skelton in 
1772 ; was elected President in 1800, re-elected in 1804, and 



44 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

served two full terms. Parton says of him : " The immortal 
document, the Declaration of Independence, was, with the 
exception of a few words entirely his work. He was an 
ardent supporter of the doctrine of State rights, and led the 
opposition to the Federalists. After he became President, 
however, he found the difficulty of administering the gov- 
ernment upon that theory. ' The executive authority had 
to be stretched until it cracked, to cover the purchase of 
Louisiana;' and he became convinced on other occasions 
that the federal government, to use his own expression, 
* must show its teeth.' Like Washington he was of aristo- 
cratic birth, but his principles were intensely democratic. 
He hated ceremonies and titles ; even ' Mr.' was distasteful 
to him. These traits were the more remarkable in one of 
his superior birth and education, and peculiarly endeared 
him to the common people. Coming into power on a wave 
of popularity, he studiously sought to retain this favor. 
There were no more brilliant levees or courtly ceremonies, 
as in the days of Washington and Adams. On his inaugu- 
ration day, he rode to Congress unattended and, leaping from 
his horse, hitched it, and went into the chamber, dressed in 
plain clothes to read his fifteen minutes' inaugural. Some of 
the sentences of that short but memorable address have passed 
into proverbs. The unostentatious example thus set by the 
nation's President was wise in its effects. Soon the public 
debt was diminished, the army and navy reduced, and the 
treasury replenished. A man of such marked character 
necessarily made bitter enemies, but Jefferson commanded 
the respect of even his opponents." 

James Madison was born in King George county, Yir- 
ginia, March 16, 1751, and died in 1836. He graduated at 
Princeton College in 1778, after which he studied law ; mar- 
ried Mrs. D. P. Todd in 1794, and from 1809 to 1717 served 
as President of the United States. In Congress in 1789 he 
became one of the strongest advocates of the Constitution, 
and did much to secure its adoption. From his political 
principles he was obliged, though reluctantly, to oppose 
Washington's administration, which he did in a courteous 
and temperate manner. He led his party in Congress, where 
he remained till 1797. The next year he drafted the famous 
" 1798-9 Pesolutions," enunciating the doctrines of State 
rights, which, with the accompanying " Report " in their 
defense, have been the great text- book of the Democratic 
party. He was Secretary of • State to Jefferson. In 1806, 
the merchants of Salem and Boston called upon the govern- 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 45 

ment to seek redress for wrongs done American seamen by 
the British. To assert American rights, Madison declared 
war in 1812, and these very merchants, as well as the whole 
Federalist party, were the most bitter opponents of this 
measure. After his Presidential services, he retired from 
public station. Madison's success was not so much the 
result of a great natural ability as of intense application 
and severe accuracy. His mind was strong, clear and well- 
balanced, and his memory was wonderful. Like John 
Quincy Adams, he had laid up great store of learning, 
which he used in the most skillful manner. 

James Monroe was born in Westmoreland county, Yir- 
ginia, April 28, 1758, and died in the city of New York, 
July 4, 1831. He filled the office of President of the United 
States from the year 1817 to 1825. As a soldier under 
General Washington he bore a brave record, and especially 
distinguished himself in the battles of Brandywine, Ger- 
mantown and Monmouth. Afterward he studied law ; mar- 
ried Miss Kortright and entered political life. Having been 
sent by Washington as Minister to France, he showed such 
marked sympathy with that country as to displease the 
President and his cabinet, who were just concluding a treaty 
with England, and wished to preserve a strictly neuiral policy. 
He was therefore recalled. Under Jefferson, who was his 
warm friend, he was again sent to France in 1803, when he 
secured the purchase of Louisiana. He is said to have 
always taken particular pride in this transaction, regarding 
his part in it as among the most important of his public 
services. Soon after his inauguration as President, he vis- 
ited the military posts in the JS^orth and East, with a view 
to thorough acquaintance with the capabilities of the coun- 
try in the event of future hostilities. This tour was a great 
success. He wore a blue militar}^ coat of homespun, hght 
colored breeches, and a cocked hat, being the undress uni- 
form of a Eevolutionary officer. Thus was the nation 
reminded of his former military services. This, with his 
plain, unassuming manners, completely won the hearts of 
the people, and brought an overwhelming majority to the 
support of the administration. Monroe was a man more 
prudent than brilliant, who acted with a single eye to the 
welfare of the country. Jefferson said of him : " If his 
soul were turned inside out, not a spot could be found on 
it." Like that beloved friend, he died, " poor in money, but 
rich in honor," and like him also, he passed away on the 



46 UlSriTED STATES HISTORY. 

anniversary of the independence of the country he served 
so faithfully. 

John Quincy Adams, born at Braintree, Massachusetts, 
July 11, 1767, died at "Washington, February 23, 1848. He 
married Miss Johnson in 1797, entered the national arena, 
was elected President in 1824 and served until 1829. As 
President he was hardly more successful than his father. 
This was, doubtless, owing greatly to the fierce opposition 
which assailed him from the friends of disappointed candi- 
dates, who at once combined to weaken his measures and 
prevent his re-election. Their candidate was Andrew Jack- 
son, a man whose dashing boldness, energy and decision, 
attracted the popular masses, and hid the more quiet virtues 
of Adams. To add to his perplexities, a majority of the 
House and nearly one half of the Senate, favored the new 
party; and his own Vice-President, John C. Calhoun, was 
also the candidate of the opposition, and of course, commit- 
ted to it. To stem such a tide was a hopeless effort. In 
two years Adams was returned to Congress, where he 
remained until his death, over sixteen years afterward. 

Afidreto Jackson was born in Waxhaw settlement, IN'orth 
or South Carolina, March 15, 1767, and died at the Hermit- 
age, near Nashville, Tenn., June 8, 1845. He served as 
President of the United States from 1829 to 1837, He was 
married to Miss Robards in 1791. The nomination of Pres- 
idential candidates by " Convention," as the term is now 
understood and applied, dates from the year 1832. At the 
first election, Jackson was nominated by the Legislature of 
Tennessee and other States, as well as b}^ several bodies of 
citizens and conventions, but the first regularly constituted 
convention of a party as an organized bod}^ and fulfilling 
all the assumed functions of the old Congressional caucus, 
met at Baltimore on the 22d of May, 1832, and nominated 
Jackson and Van Buren as the Democratic candidates for 
President and Vice-President. The AVhig candidates, less 
"regularly" nominated, were Henrj^ Clay, of Kentucky, and 
John Sergeant, of Penns3dvania, who were the anti-Masonic 
candidates. The leading issue of the campaign grew out of 
the question of the re-charter of the United States Bank ; 
the Whigs favoring and the Democrats opposing it. He was 
elected a member of Congress in 1796. His conduct of the 
war against the Creek Indians, and his brilliant victories 
over the British during the war of 1812, won for him a 
place in public esteem, and led him on to the position of 
first Magistrate. His Celtic impetuosity combined with a 



UNITED STATES HISTOKY. 47 

large share of moral courage and natural ability, gained for 
his administration a most enviable record. 

Martin Van Buren was born in Kinderhook, ]S"ew York, 
December 5, 1782, and died at the same place July 24, 1862. 
He studied law and was admitted to practice in 1803 ; was 
married to Miss Hannah Hoes in 1801, and elected Presi- 
dent of the United States, serving from 1837 to 1811. In 
early years he took an interest in politics, and in 1818 started 
a new organization of the Democratic party in ISTew York, 
his native State, which had the power for over twenty years. 
In 1831, he was appointed Minister to England, whither he 
went in September, but when the nomination came before 
the Senate in December, it was rejected on the ground that 
he had sided with England against the United States on cer- 
tain matters, and liad carried party contests and tlieir results 
into foreign negotiations. His party regarded tliis as an 
extreme political persecution, and the next year elected him 
to the Vice-Presidency. He thus became head of the Senate 
which a few months before had condemned him, and where 
he now performed his duties with "dignity, courtesy and 
impartiality." That he pleased his own party is proven 
from the fact of his re-nomination in 1810 against Harrison. 
In 1818, he was once more urged by his friends, but failed 
to get a two-thirds vote in the convention, on account of his 
opposition to the annexation of Texas. In 1818, he became 
a candidate of the '' Free Democracy," a new party advocat- 
ing anti-slavery principles. After tliis he retired to his 
estate in Kinderkhook, N. Y., where he died. 

William Henry Harrison was born in Charles City 
county, Virginia, February 9, 1773. He entered the army 
in 1791, after graduating from Hampden-Sydney College, 
and married Miss Symmes in 1795. After reacliing the 
grade of captain he resigned in 1797; was chosen delegate 
to Congress from the Northwestern Territory in 1797; ap- 
pointed Governor of Indiana in 1801, and continued to 1813. 
He was elected President of the United States in 1810, and 
had scarcely entered upon the duties of Ids office when he 
died at Washington, April 4, 1841. In 1812, he distinguished 
himself during the war, especially in the battle of the 
Thames. His military reputation made him available as a 
Presidential candidate. His character was unimpeachable, 
and the chief slur cast upon him by his opponents was that 
he had lived in a "log cabin" with nothing to drink but 
"hard cider." His friends turned this to good account. 
The campaign was noted for immense mass-meetings, long 



48 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

processions, song-singing, and general enthusiasm. "Hard 
cider" became a party watchword, and "log-cabins" a reg- 
ular feature in the popular parades. He was elected by a 
very large majority, and great hopes were entertained of 
his administration. Though advanced in years, he gave 
promise of endurance. But " he was beset by office seekers ; 
he was anxious to gratify the numerous friends and sup- 
porters who flocked about him ; he gave himself incessantly 
to public business : and at the close of the month he was on 
a sick bed." His illness was of eight days' duration. His 
last words were, " The principles of the government. I wish 
them carried out. I ask nothing more." 

John Tyler was born in Charles City county, Virginia, 
March 20, 1790, and died at Richmond, Ya., January IT, 
1862. He studied law ; was married to Miss Letitia Christ- 
tian in 1813, and was elected to Congress in 1816, and served 
some five years ; was elected United States Senator in 1827 ; 
re-elected in 1833, Yice-President in 1810, and was Presi- 
dent of the Peace Convention at Washington in 1861. On the 
the death of his first wife, he married Miss Julia Gardner. 
Mr. Tyler became President upon the death of Mr. Harri- 
son as his constitutional successor. John Tyler was in early 
life a great admirer of Henry Clay, and is said to have wept 
with sorrow when tlie Whigs in convention rejected his 
favorite candidate for the Presidency and selected Harrison. 
He was nominated Vice-President by a unanimous vote, and 
was a great favorite with his party. In the popular refrain, 
" Tippecanoe and Tyler too," the people sung praises to him 
as heartily as to Harrison himself. The death of Harrison 
and the succession of Tyler, was the first instance of the 
kind in our history. Tyler's administration was not suc- 
cessful. He opposed the measures of his party, and made 
free use of the veto power. His former political friends 
denounced him as a renegade, to which he rephed that he 
had never professed to endorse the measures which he 
opposed. The feeling increased in bitterness. AU his cabi- 
net, except Webster, resigned. He was, however, nominated 
by a convention composed chiefly of office-holders, for the 
next Presidency ; he accepted, but finding no popular sup- 
port, soon withdrew from the canvass. In 1861, he became 
the presiding officer of the Peace Convention at Washington. 
All efi'orts at reconciliation proving futile, he renounced his 
allegiance to the United States and followed the Confederate 
fortunes. He died in Richmond, where he was in attend- 
ance as a member of the Confederate Congress. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 49 

James K. Polk was born in Mecklinburg county, !N"orth 
Carolina, November 2, 1795, and died at Nashville, June 15, 
1819. He graduated from the University of North Carolina 
in 1816, and studied law; was elected to Congress in 1825, 
and several terms subsequently ; chosen Speaker of the 
House, 1835 and 1837, and Governor of Tennessee in 1839. 
His marriage with Miss Sarah Childress took place in 1844. 
Mr. Polk was very unexpectedly nominated for President, 
in Baltimore, on the 27th da}^ of May, 1844. He pleased 
his part}^ as a candidate, and justified their fondest expecta- 
tions as a man well worthy and well qualified to fill the 
ofiice of Chief Magistrate of the United States, who sur- 
rounded himself with an able cabinet of counselors. He 
served as President from 1845 to 1849. Mr. Polk was one 
of the most conspicuous opposers of the administration of 
J. Q. Adams, and a warm supporter of Jackson. In 1839, 
having served fourteen years in Congress, he declined a re- 
election and was chosen Governor of Tennessee. His Presi- 
dential nomination, in connection with that of George M. 
Dallas, of Pennsylvania, as Vice-President, had the effect of 
uniting the Democratic party, which had been disturbed by 
dissensions between the friends and opponents of Martin 
Yan Buren. However, tlie Mexican war, which in many 
States was strongly opposed, the enactment of a tariff based 
on a revenue principle instead of a protective one, and the 
agitation caused by the '' Wilmot Proviso," all conspired to 
affect his popularity before the end of his term. He had, 
however, previously pledged himself not to be a candidate 
for re-election. He died about three months after his retire- 
ment from office. 

Zachary Taylor was born in Orange county, Virginia, 
November 24, 1784. He entered upon the duties of Presi- 
dent in 1849, and died at the Presidential Mansion July 9, 
1850, after an illness of five days. Soon after his birth his 
parents removed to the State of Kentucky. His means of 
education were of the scantiest kind, and until he was 
twenty-four years of age he worked on his father's planta- 
tion. Madison, who was a relative, and at that time 
Secretary of State, then secured for him an appointment in 
the army as lieutenant. From this he rose by regular and 
rapid degrees to a major-generalship. His triumphant 
battles at Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma., Monterey, and, 
Buena Vista, won him great applause. He was the popular 
hero of a successful Avar. The soldiers admiringly called 
him "Old Eough and Read}^" Having been offered the 
4 



50 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

nomination for President, be published several letters defin- 
ing bis position as a " Whig, but not an ultra- Whig," and 
declaring that be would not be a party candidate or the expo- 
nent of party doctrines. Many of the Whig leaders violently 
opposed bis nomination. Daniel Webster called him "an 
ignorant frontier colonel." The fact that be was a slave- 
bolder was warmly urged against him. He knew nothing 
of civil affairs, and bad taken so little interest in politics 
that he had not voted in forty years. But be was nominated 
and elected. His nomination caused a secession from the 
Whigs, resulting in the formation of the Free-soil party. 
He felt his want of qualifications for the position, and 
sometimes expressed bis regret that he had accepted it ; j^et 
be maintained as President the popularity which bad led to 
bis election, and was personally one of the most esteemed 
who have filled that office. 

Millard Fillmore, being elected Vice-President to Presi- 
dent Taylor, became his constitutional successor, and served 
the unexpired term from 1850 to 1S53. Very exciting 
questions arose during bis term of office ; among them the 
slavery question, the admission of California into the Union 
as a free State, and the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law — 
providing for the return to their owners of slaves escaping 
to a free State. During the debate of these questions, for a 
while it seemed as if the Union would be rent asunder. Mr. 
Fillmore treated them with dignity, if not with statesman- 
ship, till finally conciliatory measures prevailed, and the 
questions were amicably settled. In every respect Mr. Fill- 
more discharged the duties of President as a conscientious, 
sensible man, thoroughly acquainted with legislative and 
general political principles. President Fillmore was born 
in Cayuga county, ISTew York, January 7, 1800, and died 
March 8, 1874. He bad not a very liberal education, and, 
when young, served as an apprentice to the fuller's trade. 
In the year 1821, he was admitted to the bar, and practiced 
law with success. He married Miss Abigail Powers in 1826, 
and after her death married Miss Carmicbael. From 1832 to 
1840 he was a member of Congress ; in 1842 he was nomi- 
nated by the Whigs of New York for Governor, and was 
defeated ; and in 1856 the Native American party run him 
for President, and be received only the electoral vote of 
Maryland. Upon the death of President Taylor, the entire 
Cabinet resigned, leaving him the work of reorganizing. 

Franklin Pierce, born at Hillsboro, New Hampshire, on 
November 23, 1804, died at Concord, New Hampshire, 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 51 

October 8, 1869, aged sixty-five 3^ears. He received the 
Democratic vote in 1852, was installed President in 1858, 
and served the Union in this position for a full term. His 
marriage with Miss Jane Means was celebrated in 1834. He 
was friendly to the slave-owners, notwithstanding his IS'orth- 
ern residence, legal associations. Senatorial friendships and 
Mexican war experiences. 

James Buchanan^ born at Stony Batter, Pennsylania, 
April 23, 1791, died June 1, 1808, at Wheatland, Pennsyl- 
nia, aged seventy-seven years. His administration was 
characterized by a total want of any one strong character- 
istic which should mark the Chief Magistrate. While the 
President himself was sincere in his attachments to the 
Union, his immediate advisers were, unfortunately, insin- 
cere in their professions of patriotism, so tliat when the 
next President was installed, he had to reorganize every 
department of the government, and prepare to meet one of 
the greatest rebellions — one of the greatest wars ever 
recorded. President Buchanan was unmarried. 

Abraham Lincoln was born in Hardin county, Kentucky, 
on the 12th of February, 1809. He was elected President 
in 1860, and was re-elected in 1864, and had entered upon 
the duties of his office for the second time, when he Avas 
assinated by John Wilkes Booth, April 14, 1865, and died 
the following day. His father was unable to read or write. 
Abraham's education consisted of one year's schooling. 
When he was eight years old his father moved to Indiana, 
the family floating down the Ohio on a raft. When nine- 
teen years of age the future President hired out as a hand 
on a flat-boat at ten dollars a month, and made a trip to 
New Orleans. On his return he accompanied the familv to 
Illinois, driving the cattle on the journey, and on reaching 
their destination helped them to build a cabin and s])lit rails 
to enclose the farm. He was now in succession a flat-boat 
hand, clerk, captain of a company of volunteers in the Black 
Hawk war, country storekeeper, postmaster and surveyor, 
yet he managed to get a knowledge of law by borrowing 
books at an office, before it closed at night, and returning 
them at its opening in the morning. On being admitted to 
the bar, he rapidly rose to distinction. At twenty-five he 
was sent to the legislature, and was thrice re-elected^ Turn- 
ing his attention to politics, he soon became a leader. He 
was sent to Congress; he canvassed the State, haranguing 
the people daily on great national questions; and, in 1858, 
he Avas a candidate for Senator a second time, against 



52 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

Stephen A. Douglas. The two rivals stumped the State 
together. The debate, unrivaled for its statemanship, logic 
and wit, won for Lincoln a national reputation. He lost 
the election in the Legislature, as his party was in the 
minority. After his accession to the Presidency, his history, 
like Washington's, is identified with that of his country. 
He was a tall, ungainly man, little versed in the refinements 
of society, but gifted by nature with great common sense, 
and everywhere known as " Llonest Abe." Kind, earnest, 
sympathetic, faithful, democratic, he was only anxious to 
serve his country. His wan, fatigued face, and his bent 
form, told of the cares he bore and the grief he felt. In 
1832, Lincoln, Anderson and Jefferson Davis were at Dixon, 
Illinois, considering the means for defense against the Indi- 
ans. Black Hawk was interned at Fortress Monroe, where 
Davis Avas subsequently in prison for a like offense. Ander- 
son defended Sumter in 1861, while Lincoln was President. 

Andreiv Johnson,, Lincoln's Yice-President, Avas born at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, December 29, 1808, died July 31, 
1875, aged sixty-seven years. Such a character, coming- 
after Lincoln, should of necessity fail to satisfy the people, 
and in President Johnson's case there was no exception. 
During his three years and ten and a half months' adminis- 
tration no one was pleased. His term began at a time 
when the Union Avas preserved. Every opportunity Avas 
presented to him to carry out the ideas of the trusted Lin- 
coln, yet he lost them all, and retired in 1869 unregretted. 

Uli/sses S. Grant AA'as born at Point Pleasant, Clermont 
county, Ohio, April 27, 1822. He AA^as very unwilling to 
follow his father's trade, Avhich was that of a tanner, and at 
seventeen an appointment Avas secured for him at West 
Point. His name having been wrongly registered, Grant 
vainly attempted to set the matter ri^lit, but finally accepted 
/lis "manifest destiny," assumed tlie change thus forced 
upon him, and thenceforth signed himself " Ulysses Simp- 
son," the latter being his mother's family name. Two 
years after completing his four years' course as cadet, the 
Mexican Avar broke out, in Avhich Grant conducted himself 
Avith great gallantry, receiving especial mention and pro- 
motion. In 1847 he was made first-lieutenant, captain in 
1853, and in 1851: he resigned his commission, and entered 
the leather and saddlery business at Galena, Illinois, in 
1859, A\diere he remained until the opening of the Avar in 
1861, when he immediately offered his services in behalf of 
the Union. His modesty and diffidence delayed their 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 53 

acceptance and Governor Yates, of Illinois, was the first to 
avail himself of them. Grant finally took the field as Colo- 
nel of the Twenty-first Regiment Illinois Volunteers. In 
February, 1862, he was made a major-general, and com- 
manded the armies of the southwest. On the 12th of 
March, 1864, he was made Lieutenant-General, placed in 
command of all the armies, and took personal direction of 
the military operations in Virginia, and on the 9th of April, 
1865, General Lee surrendered the Confederate armies to 
him, at Appomatox Court House, and hostilities were 
ended. He was nominated and elected by the Republicans 
President of the United States in 1868 and re-elected by the 
same party in 1872. His term expired in 1877. Few are 
unacquainted with the efforts made to renominate him in 
1880. His tour round the world and his latter dny commer- 
cial enterprises are too well known to be dwelt on here. 

Rutherford B. Hayes ^ born at Delaware, Ohio, in 1822, 
was married to Miss Lucy Webb in 18-19. He was declared 
President and installed into that office in 1877 under cir- 
cumstances which had no precedent. The vote on which 
his election rested Avas as follows: Tilden, Democrat, 4,285,- 
992; Hayes, Republican, 4,033,761; Peter Cooper, Greenback, 

81,737; , Prohibition, 9,322; American, 539; imperfect, 

14,715; thus giving a popular majority of 145,911. The 
Electoral College gave him the majority notwithstanding 
this vote. The term of his administration was marked by 
the revival of all branches of trade ; prosperity shed its 
genial rays over the whole land. 

James A. Garfield^ born near Cleveland, Ohio, JVovember 
19, 1831, was fired at and wounded by Charles J. Guiteau, 
July 2, 1881, and died from the effects of the wound Sep- 
tember 19, 1881. The celebrated Convention of 1880, which 
nominated him for President of the Union, built up high 
hopes on this Ohio educator. He entered on his duties 
under the brightest auspices. He selected for his Cabinet 
the most practical statesmen in the country, and was on the 
eve of announcing a pohcy of Jacksonian strength, when 
the assassin interfered. 

Chester A. Arthur, born at Fairfield, Vermont, October 
5, 1830, was elected Vice-President in 1880, and succeeded 
to the Presidency September 20, 1881. Never, in the whole 
history of the Union, was there a time when this high po- 
sition could be accepted under such favorable circumstances. 
The warring parties were at peace under the cloud which 
the late President's death cast over the country. Peace 



54 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

was within and without — prosperity everywhere. However 
weak and vacillating the foreign policy of the Executive, 
there was in it a something between the sublime and the 
ridiculous, which eventually succeeded, and left the country 
leading still in the race after greatness. 

National Nominating Conventions. — Previous to 1796 the 
nominations for President and Yice-President were entirely 
in the hands of the Electoral College: subsequently the 
nominating power became one of the privileges of the sev- 
eral parties in Congress. 

George Washington, as was of course to be expected, was 
nominated as the first President without any formality of 
convention in 1788. It is, perhaps, forgotten that John 
Adams had nearly half as many votes in the Electoral Col- 
lege. Washington was renominated for a second term in 
1792, but not without considerable opposition. Probably 
most readers of this generation do not know that in the first 
Electoral College the names of Lincoln and Harrison were 
presented as rival candidates for election. P. H. Harrison, 
of Maryland, received six votes ; and Penjamin Lincoln, of 
Massachusetts, one vote. 

The sharp contrast between the metiiod of nominating 
candidates now and in the early days of the Republic is shown 
by the following sketch of the contest for the Presidency in 
1800 : The method, as the Constitution then stood, of voting 
for two candidates without distinction as to the office for 
which they were intended — the one receiving the highest 
number of votes to be President — furnished jjeculiar facili- 
ties for quietly displacing Adams without seeming to make 
any open attack upon him ; and even Avithout the necessity 
that more than a limited number of influential politicians 
should be in the secret. The names of Adams and Pinckney 
being brought forward in a private caucus of the Federal 
members of Congress held for the purpose of agreeing upon 
candidates to be supported by the party, it was recommended 
pretty unanimously that both should be voted for equally ; 
but the opponents of Adams secretly hoped that means 
might be found to secure Pinckney the larger vote. 

A similar caucus of the opposition members selected as 
their candidates Thomas Jeft'erson and Aaron Purr — with 
the distinct understanding, however, that Jefilerson was the 
choice of the party for President. Both these caucuses were 
held witli profound secrecy — ^this sort of dictation being uot 
yet recognized as a part of the institutions of the country. 
Their proceedings, instead of being foi-mally reported and 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 55 

published in the newspapers, according to our present usage, 
were only diffused among the local leaders b}^ personal com- 
munication and private correspondence. 

In 1804, for the first time, the electors balloted separately 
for President and Vice-President. Jefferson was re-elected 
as the choice of the Administration caucus, and Charles C. 
Pinckney by the Federalist party. 

In 1808, Virginia having been unable to decide between 
Madison and Monroe, a Congressional caucus Avas held in 
Washington, which decided in favor of Madison. Madison's 
nomination — January 23, 1808 — was accomplished in this 
manner : Several very affectionate and flattering addresses 
— some of them from State Legislatures — had urged upon 
Jefferson to continue in office for a third Presidential term. 
These addresses had remained unanswered until just before 
the enactment of the embargo, when the President stated, 
in reply to one of them, his fixed intention to retire, as well 
on account of his age and growing infirmities as on the 
Democratic principle of rotation in office. Some three 
weeks after the announcement Bradley, one of the Vermont 
Senators, Chairman of the Congressional caucus of ISOi, 
took upon himself to issue written notices to the Kepubhcan 
members of both Houses to assemble on a specified day and 
hour in the Senate-C^hamber, for the purpose of nominating- 
candidates for the Presidency and Vice-Presidency. The 
caucus was not called, however, with any view to discussion 
or selection, but only to indorse Madison, long ago desig- 
nated for the successorship by an understanding between 
Jefferson and himself ; and specially to support whose claims 
a short-lived newspaper, called the Monitor, had lately been 
started at "Washington. 

Of the one hundred and thirty Democratic Senators and 
Eepresentatives, eighty-nine were present at the caucus. Of 
those not present, some were prevented by business, sick- 
ness, or absence from the city, while a few kept away because 
they were opposed to what they knew would be done. 
Eighty-three ballots were cast for Madison as candidate for 
the Presidency, three for George Clinton, and three for 
Monroe. For the Vice-Presidency, Clinton, the incumbent, 
received seventy-nine votes. Madison and Clinton were, 
accordingly, pronounced the candidates of the Democratic- 
Republican party. John Quincy Adams placed the seal to 
his transfer of party allegiance by being present at and 
taking a part in this caucus. Two days before this Con- 
gressional nomination two separate caucuses had been held 



56 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

at Richmond — where the Virginia Legislature was then in 
session — by the respective friends of Madison and Monroe, 
between whom a very eager rivalry had sprung up. A 
hundred and thirty-four members of the Assembly had 
given Madison a unanimous nomination. In the other 
caucus, attended by sixty members, ten ballots had been 
given for Madison, the rest for Monroe. Each caucus nom- 
inated its ticket of electors, and both entered into the can- 
vass with great zeal. Charles C. Pinckney and Euf us King 
were selected by the Federalist Congressional caucus ; receiv- 
ing only forty-seven votes in the electoral college. 

In 1812 there was another Congressional caucus, which 
renominated Madison for the second term. There began at 
this time to be much restiveness at the dictation of the Con- 
gressional caucus, and an opposition convention Avas held in 
JS'ew York city, which put De Witt Clinton and Jared 
IngersoU in the field. Clinton was also nominated by the 
Legislature of ISTew York State. The convention which 
met in New York and nominated Clinton represented eleven 
States. This probably was the nearest approach to a Na- 
tional nominating convention of modern times. Notwith- 
standing the opposition to the caucus system, Madison was 
nominated for the second time by the Congressional caucus ; 
but he secured his nomination only as a concession to the 
party of 1812. The historian says: 

" Though willing to sign a bill declaring war, Madison was 
very unwilling to take any further responsibility in bring- 
ing it on. But the leaders of the war party were inexora- 
ble. The war must not seem to be forced on the President ; 
it must be, not their war — the war of a few young hot- 
headed, upstart leaders — but his. A committee, headed by 
the imperious Clay, waited upon him with assurances to 
that efl'ect. He must consent to recommend a declaration 
of war, or they would not support him for President. To 
this hard condition Madison yielded ; and, the preliminaries 
thus arranged, the Congressional caucus was presently held. 
Eighty-two members were present. Yarnum acted as Pres- 
ident, and Richard M. Johnson as Secretary. For President 
Madison received the entire vote of the caucus. George 
Clinton, the late Yice-President, had died a few weeks 
before ; and for that office Langdon was nominated. He 
was already seventy-one years of age, and had lately I'etired 
from the Governorship of his own State — where Plumer, a 
recruit from the Federal party, had just been chosen to suc- 
ceed him — on the score of age and infirmities. Langdon 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 57 

declined the nomination, which, as a solace for his late defeat 
in Massachusetts, was subsequently bestowed upon the aged 
Gerry, for whom sixteen votes had been given at the first 
caucus. A Committee on Correspondence and Arrange- 
ment was appointed, made up of one member from each 
State." 

Monroe was nominated March 16, 1816, in a Congres- 
sional caucus, which met after a great deal of intriguing, 
and even then the result was not absolutely certain. Hil- 
dreth says that Clay, who was an ardent champion of Mon- 
roe at this time, and Taylor, of New York, each made a 
motion that Congressional caucus nominations were inexpe- 
dient and ought not to be continued. But they failed to 
pass, and Monroe received sixty -five votes, to fifty-four for 
tirawford. At the same time Tompkins received eighty-five 
votes for the Vice-Presidency, against thirty for Governor 
Snyder. Rufus King and John J. Howard were the Feder- 
alist candidates. 

In 1820, a Congressional caucus Avas called to renominate 
Monroe ; but the power of the caucus was broken. The 
attempt to make a formal nomination is thus described : " In 
the course of the session Smith, of Maryland, as Chairman 
of the last Congressional caucus, issued a call for a new one 
to nominate candidates for the Presidency and Vice-Presi- 
denc}^. Put, as no special need was felt at this moment of 
this means of designating candidates, the proposed caucus 
was generally scouted. ]S' ot more than fifty members assem- 
bled, and they separated without doing anything. There 
was a general acquiescence in the re-election of the present 
incumbents. Monroe and Tompkins were re-elected." 

In 1831:, there was one more attempt made to dictate a 
Presidential nomination. The leaders were beginning to 
•realize that the country could not always exist half slave, 
half free. Tiie landmarks of the old parties were disappear- 
ing. The war with England was ended. The country had 
extended its borders. Domestic questions had become' para- 
mount. The discussion of the slave interest had begun. 
The epoch in our jN'ational history from which our modern 
politics date had been reached. It was under circumstances 
like these that the canvass for the Presidential nomination 
in 1821: began. It commenced with a revolt against the sys- 
tem of the Congressional caucus. This resulted in a bolt 
from the caucus and an abandonment of the system. In 
that year, CraAvford, of Georgia, was nominated for Presi- 
dent by the Congressional caucus, but only sixty-six of the 



58 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

two hundred and sixteen Kepublican or " Democratic " mem- 
bers attended. The caucus system had become very tyran- 
nical ; and, altliough the caucus which nominated Crawford 
was attended by most of the Senators, there were but eight- 
een Representatives present. The revolt against the caucus 
system resulted in the nomination of Clay, Jackson and 
John Quincy Adams by their respective State Legislatures. 
The result was that the election was thrown into the House 
of Eepresentatives, which elected Adams. The result of 
this bitter contest was that both the " Republican " party of 
that day and the rule of the Congressional caucus were over- 
thrown. 

In 1828, Jackson's friends did not endeavor to re-establish 
the overthrown system of Congressional caucus, but nom- 
inated him by the Tennessee Legislature and he was elected. 
Adams and itush represented the National Republicans. 

In 1830, there was the first movement for a National 
nominating convention. In September of that year, ninety- 
six Anti-Masons, so-called, met at Philadelphia and called a 
nominating convention, which assembled in Baltimore in 
September, 1831, and nominated William Wirt, of Mary- 
land, for President, and Amos Ellmaker for Yice-President. 
In 1831, December 12, the National Republicans at Balti- 
more nominated for President and Vice-President Clay and 
Sargent ; and from that time for very many years Baltimore 
was known as " the City of Conventions " — a title which it 
has now been compelled to yield to Chicago. In 1832, in 
May, the Democrats, although satisfied with Jackson for 
President, were not pleased with Calhoun for Vice-Presi- 
dent, and held a convention at Baltimore, where Van Buren 
was nominated for Vice-President. Up to that time it had 
been the custom to advance the Vice-President to the Presi- 
dency when the chief in ofRce went out ; but John C. Cal- 
houn, Avho had been Vice-President with Andrew Jackson 
from 1828 to 1832, quarreled with "Old Hickory," where- 
upon the latter made Martin Van Buren — his Secretary of 
State — his favorite. Jackson had no op])osition for renom- 
ination for President, and, in order to get rid of Calhoun 
for Vice-President, he was instrumental in having this con- 
vention called at Baltimore to nominate a Vice-President. 
This was the first National Democratic convention, and it 
had its origin in a quarrel betAveen the party leaders. Van 
Buren was known in the popular language of the day as 
" Little Matty Van." 

In May, 1836, another Democratic Convention was held 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 59 

at Baltimore, which was the first one at which a President 
was nominated by that party — Yan Buren being successful, 
Jackson vacating' the office. Yan Buren was chosen by the 
unanimous vote, on the first ballot, of two hundred and 
sixty-five delegates, who represented twenty-one States, and 
Kichard M. Johnson Avas nominated for Yice-President. A 
two-thirds rule was then ]7rol)ably for the first time adopted. 
In the same year the Whigs held a convention at Harris- 
burg, Pa., and nominated Ilarrison and Granger. 

On November 13, 1839, the Abolitionists had become strong 
enough, or audacious enough, to hold their first convention, 
which was held at Warsaw, IS". Y., and James Birney was 
nominated for President, and Frank J. Le Moyne for Yice- 
President. On December 4, 1839, the Whig National Con- 
vention met at Harrisburg, Pa., and nominated Harrison 
and Tyler. On May 5, 1840, the Democrats held a National 
Convention at Baltimore, and unanimously renominated Yan 
Buren ; but he was defeated at the polls. No candidate at 
that time was named by the convention for the Yice-Presi- 
denc}^, the nomination for that office being left to the vari- 
ous States ; but most of the party votes were again cast for 
Johnson. All the Democratic Conventions from that date 
were held at Baltimore, up to, and including that of, 1852. 

On August 30, 1843, the " Liberty" party met at Buffalo, 
and nominated Birney and Morris. On May 1, 1844, the 
Whigs met at Baltimore, and nominated by acclamation 
•Harry Clay for President, with Frelinghuysen for Yice- 
Pi-esiclent. May 27, 1844, at Baltimore, the Democrats 
held their convention, adopted the two-thirds rule, and, 
after a stormy three-days' contest, nominated Polk for 
President, and Dallas for Yice-President, and Polk was 
elected. A large majority of the delegates had been pledged 
to Yan Buren ; but General Cass, of Michigan, and a num- 
ber of Southerners stood in his way, and Yan Buren failed 
to get the necessary tAvo thirds. His name was withdrawn 
after eight ballots. 

On May 12, 1848, the Democrats met in convention at 
Baltimore, where Cass was nominated on the fourth ballot 
for President, with William O. Butler for the second place. 
Yan Buren was not a strong enough party man to relish 
this defeat, and he took revenge by starting the Free-Soil, 
Democratic-Barnburner ticket in New York State, which 
resulted in the election of General Taylor, the Whig candi- 
date. August 9, 1848, these Free-Soilers, at the instigation 
of Yan Buren, held their convention at Buffalo, IS'^. Y., 



60 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

nominating the ticket of Yan Buren and Adams. Before 
that, June 7, 1848, at Philadelphia, the Whigs had nominated 
for President General Taylor, and for Yice-President Mill- 
ard Fillmore, which, owing to the disaffection among the 
Democrats, was the successful ticket. 

On June 1, 1852, the Democrats nominated, at Baltimore, 
for President Franldin Pierce, and for Yice-President AVill- 
iam R. King. Franklin Pierce had been the dark horse, 
and was not nominated until the forty-ninth ballot. The 
Whig Convention met at Baltimore, June 16, 18.52, and 
nominated General Scott for President, after fifty-three 
ballots, and Graham for Yice-President. The election re- 
sulted in the choice of Pierce, and the final overthrow of 
the "Whig party. 

On February 22, 1856, the first convention was held at 
Philadelphia, and was known as the American National 
Convention. It nominated Filhnore and Donelson. June 
2, 1856, the Democrats met in convention at Cincinnati for 
the first time, and nominated, after seventeen ballots, James 
Buchanan for President, and John C. Breckinridge for Yice- 
President by a unanimous vote. June IT, 1856, the Repub- 
lican party of our own day held its first National Conven- 
tion at Philadelphia, where Fremont and Dayton were 
nominated for President and Yice-President. The long 
resistance to the domination of the Slave-power resulted 
in the organization in 1854 of the Republican |)arty. This 
Republican ticket of Fremont and Dayton carried every 
free State excepting New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Indiana, 
Illinois, and California. In the Electoral College this ticket 
had one hundred and forty-four of the two hundred and 
ninety-five votes polled. 

TJ^e events which followed the inauguration of Franklin 
Pierce in 1853 had indicated the probable speedy disruption 
of the Democratic part}^, and the pitting of the two sections 
of the country against each other. The Kansas troubles 
had resulted in a sort of border warfare, and the manifesta- 
tions of partisanship in Congress were very bitter and excit- 
ing. The Missouri Compromise had been swept away by the 
Kansas-Nebraska bill; and neither section seemed any longer 
to care to conceal its sentiments on the slavery question. 
The Democratic platform at Cincinnati, with Buchanan and 
Breckinridge for its head, fully committed the party to the 
doctrines of the Kansas-Nebraska bill. The result was a 
severe shock to the Democratic ]mrty, and the utter annihila- 
tion of the remnant of the Whig party. It was under such 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 61 

circumstances as these that the first Republican Convention 
was held at Philadelphia, June 17, 1856. At that conven- 
tion, in addition to Fremont, John McLean, of Ohio, Charles 
Sumner and William H, Seward received votes for Presi- 
dent, while Abraham Lincoln, David Wilmot and Charles 
Sumner Avere voted for for Vice-President. 

The American or Know-Xothing party had at this time 

fained a stronghold in many of the States, and held its 
^'ational Convention in Philadelphia, February 22, 1856, at 
Avhich all the States were represented except Maine, Ver- 
mont, Georgia and South Carolina. Many Whigs became 
identified with this movement. Millard Fillmore was chosen 
the candidate of the convention for President, and Andrew 
Donelson, of Tennessee, for Vice-President. In this same 
eventful convention year the Whigs held their convention 
in Baltimore, September IT. But the glory of the Whig 
party had departed, and the Baltimore convention unani- 
mously ratified the ticket of the American party, Fillmore 
and Donelson, and was humiliated by the result that that 
ticket only received eight votes in the Electoral College — 
the vote of the State of Maryland alone. 

The 3^ear 1860 was the important convention year which 
preceded the War. The Democrats held their first conven- 
tion at Charleston, South Carohna, April 23. The conven- 
tion split in two. The main body adjourned to Baltimore, 
where Douglas and Johnson were nominated June 23. The 
bolting Democrats held their convention at Baltimore, June 
18, nominating Breckinridge and Lane. The Republicans 
held their convention at Chicago, May 16, nominating Lin- 
coln and Hamlin. The Constitutional Union party held its 
convention May 9, at Baltimore, nominating 'Bell and 
Everett. 

April 28, 1860, the Democrats met at Charleston, and 
after fifty-seven ballots the delegates from seven Southern 
States withdrew. This was the opening of the most impor- 
tant canvass that had taken place in the count ly since 1832. 
The prominent candidates for the nomination were Jesse D. 
Bright, of Indiana; John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky; 
James A. Bayard, of Delaware; Albert Gallatin Brown, of 
Mississippi; Howell Cobb, of Georgia; Jefferson Davis, of 
Mississippi; Daniel S. Dickinson, of New York; Stephen A. 
Douglas, of Ilhnois; James Guthrie, of Kentucky; R. M. T. 
Hunter, of Virginia; James H. Hammond, of South Caro- 
lina; Sam Houston, of Texas; Alfred Iverson, of Georgia; 
Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee: General Joseph H. Lane, of 



t5A UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

Oregon; James L. Orr, of South Carolina; Franklin Pierce, 
of New Hampshire; Eobert F. Stockton, of 'New Jersey; 
Alexander H. Stephens, of Georgia; John Sliclell, of Louisi- 
ana; Thomas H. Seymour of Connecticut; Henry A. AYise, 
of Virginia, and General John E. Wool, of New York. 
Caleb Cushing, of Massachusetts, was nominated for presi- 
dent of the convention the second day. There was much 
trouble over the unit ruh; and the second day a great sen- 
sation was created in the convention by the sudden death of 
ex-Governor Robinson, of Vermont, from apoplexy. Slavery 
was the disturbing element. After a protracted and bitter 
debate, the sixth day the Douglas platform was adopted by 
a vote of 165 to 128, when the delegations from South Caro- 
lina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas and 
Florida withdrew. The bolters organized in a sejDarate con- 
vention, in which the following eleven States were repre- 
sented: Delaware, Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, 
Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri 
and New York. There were afterward splits in the delega- 
tions from other States. On the fifty-seventh ballot the vote 
stood: Douglas, 151|^; Guthrie, 61; Lane, 16; Hunter, 16; 
Dickinson, 6; Jeflf Davis, 1. Jeff Davis had received one vote 
on every ballot, which was cast consistently by General Ben- 
jamin F. Butler, of Massachusetts. The Douglas men feared 
that their candidate would be abandoned by JSTew York, and 
adjourned to meet at Baltimore, June 18, by a vote of 195 
to 55. The bolters adopted the platform which had been 
rejected by the regular convention, and also adjourned to 
meet at Eichmond June 11, without selecting a Presidential 
candidate. 

The Douglas convention reassembled at Baltimore amid 
great excitement. There were scenes of personal violence 
the second day. There was a personal difficulty between 
Colonel Hindman, who appeared for the regular Arkansas 
delegates, and Mr. Hooper, of the seceded delegation. Hind- 
man slapped Hooper in the face, and drew a pistol. Samuel 
M. Yost, editor of the Staunton, Virginia, Index — a now 
prominent Readjuster — had a difficulty with John Brennan, 
State Senator, resulting in blows. There was a challenge, 
which was settled without bloodshed. There were several 
street fights, and personal encounters of various sorts. Sat- 
urday, June 23, 1861, in the midst of the most intense excite- 
ment, Douglas was nominated for President, and the conven- 
tion adjourned. The bolters' convention, which met at 
Richmond June 11, adjourned to meet the 21st. The seced- 



LNITED STATES HISTORY. 63 

ers met again at Baltimore June 23, when the ticket of 
Breckinridge and Lane was nominated. 

The Republican Convention of 1860, at Chicago, was a 
most remarkable and important gathering. The Chicago 
platform of 1860, which has become historical, was for the 
most part the joint production of Horace Greeley and John 
A. Kasson. George Ashmun, of Springfield, Massachusetts, 
was Chairman of the committee which notified Abraham 
Lincoln of his nomination. In his letter of acceptance, 
Abraham Lincoln invoked the assistance of Divine Prov- 
idence. This was rare in political documents. The same 
appeal was repeated by Mr. Lincoln in his inaugural, in 
which he said : " Intelligence, patriotism, Christianity, and 
a firm reliance on Him who has never yet forsaken this 
favored land, are still competent to adjust in the best way all 
our practical difficulties." The convention met in the mam- 
moth structure known as " the Wigwam." It held at least 
ten thousand people. Lincoln was nominated the second 
day, and his nomination was nearly as great a surprise to the 
convention and country as was that of Mr. Hayes at Cincin- 
nati. Although he was second on every ballot, he was not re- 
garded as a strong candidate when compared with Seward, 
Chase, or Bates. Mr. Evarts put Mr. Seward in nomina- 
tion ; Norman B. Judd, of Illinois, nominated Mr. Lincoln ; 
Judge Cartter, of Ohio — Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the District of Columbia — nominated Mr. Chase, 
while Mr. Sumner, of Ohio, presented Judge McLean. 
Mr. Schurz seconded the nomination of Mr. Seward. Thur- 
low Weed had charge of Seward's canvass. 

In 1864, June 7, the Republicans met at Baltimore and 
nominated Lincoln and Johnson. The platform adopted 
was remarkable as being the first declaration by the new 
party of the paramount authority of the ]N"ational Constitu- 
tion over the States. August 29, 1864, the Democrats nomi- 
nated McClellan and Pendleton. June 7, 1864, the Radical 
Democracy, at Cleveland, nominated Fremont and Cochrane. 

July 4, 1868, the Democrats, at New York city, nomi- 
nated Seymour and Blair ; and the Republicans, at Chicago, 
in May, nominated Grant and Colfax. 

In 1872, the Liberals, at Cincinnati, Ma}^ 1, nominated 
Greeley and Brown ; and, July 9 of the same year, the 
Democrats, at Baltimore, accepted that ticket. May 5, 1872, 
the Repubhcans nominated Grant and Wilson. The Demo- 
crats nominated Charles O'Connor and J. Q, Adams, and the 
Temperance party, James Black and — . H. Colquite. 



64 UNITED STATES HISTOEY. 

In 1876, at Cincinnati, June 15, the Republicans nomi- 
nated Hayes and Wheeler ; and in that year, June 27, at St. 
Louis, the Democrats nominated Tilden and Hendricks. 
Peter Cooper and S. F. Carey were nominated by the Green- 
backers, and Green C. Smith by the Prohibition party. 

In 1880, at Chicago, in June, the Eepublicans nominated 
Garfield and Arthur; and the Democrats, at Cincinnati, 
nominated Hancock and Eno-fish; James B. Weaver and 
B. J. Chambers were the nominees of the Greenback party. 

The Republican Convention, held at Chicago, in June, 
1884, neminated James G. Blaine and John A. Logan for 
President and A^ice-President. In July the Democratic Con- 
vention nominated Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hen- 
dricks. The Anti-monopolist and Greenback parties nomi- 
nated Benjamin F. Butler, and the Prohibitionists, Governor 
St. John, of Kansas. 

In 1880 the tinit rule was broken by the Republican Con- 
vention at Chicago. The adherence of the Democratic 
j)arty to this rule in 1884 (the Tammany section of the party 
protesting), resulted in the nomination of Governor Cleve- 
land for the Presidencv. 

Presidential vote 18^-1880.— The total vote for Presi- 
dent from 1824 to 1880, inclusive, is given as follows : — 1824, 
352,062; 1828, 1,156,328; 1832, 1,217,691; 1836, 1,498,205; 
1840, 2,410,772; 1844, 2,698,608; 1848, 2,872,806; 1852, 
3,142,877; 1856, 4.053,967; 1860, 4,676,853; 1864, 4,024,792; 
1868, 5,724,624; 1872, 6,431,149; 1876, 8,426,073; 1880, 
9,219,947. The vote of 1880 was distributed as follows:— 
Garfield, Repubhcan, 4,454,416; Hancock, 4,444,952; Weaver, 
Greenback, 308,578 ; Dow, Prohibitionist, 10,305 ; American, 
707 ; Imperfect and scattering, 989. 

In Louisiana there were two Garfield tickets, one the 
"Regular," the other the "Beattie" ticket. The former 
polled 28,297, the latter 10,340. In Maine the "Hancock" 
vote was for a " Fusion " ticket, containing four Greenbackers 
and three Democrats. There was also a straight Greenback 
ticket. In Virginia there were two Hancock tickets, the 
" Regular " and the " Read juster." The former had 96,912 
votes; the latter 31,674. Plurality. All, over Garfield, 
311,115. 

Occupations of the People. — The occupations of the peo- 
ple, according to the official statements made by the enu- 
merators of the tenth census, are : Agriculturalists, 7,670,- 
493 ; manufacturing, mining and mechanical employes, 
3,837,112; persons occupied in trade and transportation. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 65 

1,810,256; persons occupied in professional and personal 
services, 4,074, 238 ; total, 17,392,099. 

PuUiG Belt, 1791-188I^.— ln the foUo^^ing table the 
amount of the Public Debt, each year since 1791, is given as 
follows : 



1791.. 


..$75,463,476 52 


1822. . . 


.$93,546,676 98 


1853. , 


. . $59,803,117 70 


1792. . 


.. 77,227,924 66 


1833. . . 


. 90,875,877 38 


1854. , 


,.. 42,242,333 42 


1793. . 


.. 80,352,634 04 


1824. . . 


. 90,369,777 77 


1855, , 


. . 35,586,858 56 


1794. . 


. . 78,427,404 77 


1825. . . 


83,788,432 71 


1856. . 


.. 31,972,537 90 


1795. . 


. . 80,747,587 39 


1826. . . 


. 81,054,059 99 


1857. . 


. . 28,699,831 85 


1796. . 


.. 83,762,172 07 


1827. . . 


. 73,987,357 20 


1858. . 


,.. 44,911,88103 


1797. . 


.. 82,064,479 33 


1828. . . 


. 67,475,043 87 


1859. . 


... 58,496,837 88 


1798. . 


. , 79,228,529 12 


1829. . . 


. 58,421,413 67 


1860. . 


, .. 64,842,287 88 


1799. . 


. . 78,408,669 77 


1830... 


. 48,565,406 50 


1861 . 


, .. 90,580,873 72 


1800. . 


. . 82,976,294 35 


1831... 


. 39,123,191 68 


1862. . 


. . 534,176,413 13 


1801.. 


. . 83,038,050 80 


1832. . . 


. 24,323,335 18 


1863., 


..1,119.773,138 63 


1803. . 


. . 86,711,632 25 


1833. . . 


. . 7,001,698 83 


1864., 


..1,815,784,370 57 


1803. . 


. . 77,054,686 30 


1834. . . 


. 4,760,083 08 


1865., 


..8,680,647,869 74 


1804. . 


. . 86,427,120 88 


1835. . . 


37,513 05 


1866. , 


..2,773,336,173 69 


1805. . 


.. 82,312,150 50 


1836. . . 


336,957 83 


1867. . 


..3,678,136,103 87 


1806. . 


. . 75,723,270 66 


1837. . . 


,. 3,308,134 07 


1868., 


..3,611,687,851 19 


1807. . 


. . 69,218,398 64 


1838. . . 


,. 10,434,33114 


1869. . 


,.3,588,453,313 94 


1808. . 


. . 65,196,317 97 


1839. . . 


, . 3,573,343 83 


1870., 


..3,480,673,437 81 


1809. . 


.. 57,023,192 09 


1840. . . 


. . 5,250,875 54 


1871., 


.,3,353,311,333 33 


1810. . 


.. 53,173,217 52 


1841... 


,. 13,594,480 73 


1872., 


,.3,353,351,078 78 


1812.. 


.. 48,005,587 76 


1842. . . 


, . 26,601,226 28 


1873., 


..3,234,482,743 20 


1811.. 


.. 45,209,737 90 


1843... 


. . 32,742,933 00 


1874, , 


.,3,351,690,318 43 


1813. . 


.. 55,963,827 57 


1844. . , 


, . 33,461,653 50 


1875., 


..3,333,384,38195 


1814. . 


. . 81,487,846 24 


1845... 


, . 15,935,303 01 


1876., 


..8,180,394,817 15 


1815.. 


. . 99,833,660 15 


1846. . . 


, 15,550,303 97 


1877. , 


..3,060,158,333 36 


1816.. 


..127,334,933 74 


1847. . , 


, . 38,836,534 77 


1878. 


..3,356,305,893 53 


1817.. 


..123,491,965 16 


1848. . . 


. . 47,044,863 23 


1879. 


..2,245,495,072 04 


1818. . 


..103 466,633 83 


1849. . , 


, . 63,061,858 69 


1880. 


..2,120,415,370 63 


1819. . 


. . 95.529,648 58 


1850. . . 


, . 63,452,773 55 


1881. 


..8,069,013,569 58 


1820. . 


. . 91,015,566 15 


1851... 


. . 68,304,796 02 


1882. 


..1,918,312,994 00 


1821.. 


.. 89,987,437 66 


1853. . , 


. . 66,199,341 71 


1883. 


..1,884,171,728 00 



The Public Debt, May 1, 1884, is shown in the following 
statement of bonds outstanding : Four and a half per cents, 
$250,000,000 ; four per cents, $737,651,950 ; three per cents, 
$254,621,950 ; refunding certificates, $298,450 ; navv pension 
fund, $14,000,000. Total interest-bearing debt, $1,256,572,- 
550. Total non interest-bearing debt, $586,238,059. The 
seven and three-tenths per cent bonds were retired in 1868, 
the five and six per cents in 1881, and the three and a half 
per cents in 1883-4, leaving a total debt of $1,854,938,814, 
less $399,753,205 cash in Treasury. 

The matured debt and moneys outstanding May 1, 1884, 
were as follows : matured debt, $12,128,405 ; legal tenders, 
$346,739,541 ; certificates of deposit, $15,025,000 ; gold and 
silver certificates, $217,490,431 ; fractional currency, $6,883,- 
107. Total without interest, $586,238,059. The Public Ex- 



66 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 



pencliture in 1791 was $3,797,436.78, increased to $267,612,- 
957.78 in 1880. The receipts of the Government for the 
year ending June 30, 1883, were $398,287,581 ; the expendi- 
tures, $265,408,137, and the amount apphed for redemption, 
$134,178,756. 

Comjjarative Table of P^tblic Debts ^ etc., of the Nations. — 
For the purpose of showing more clearly the relation which 
the Public Debt, Eevenue, Expenditure, and Commerce of 
our own country bear to the same in all other nations, the 
following statement is given : 



Countries. 


Public 
Debt. 


Revenue. 


Expendi- 
tures. 


Imports. 


Exports. 


Argentine Rep. 


% 68,416,043 


$ 20,683,537 


$ 39,663,3;^7 


% 34,010,390 


% 44,041,131 


Austria proper. 
Austria- Hung.. 


1,419,096,073 


186,776,1 7C 


303,035,039 






205,999,970 


60,000,00£ 


58,845,695 


358,450,666 


304,800,000 


Belgium 


333,684,553 


50,048,973 


49,045,128 


258,-504,000 


222,920,400 


Bolivia 


17,500,000 


3,939,574 


4,505,504 


5,750,000 


5,000,000 


Brazil 


368,351,139 


73,548,454 


67,789,397 


88,045,530 


104,332,800 




113,348,378 


33,700,000 
31,294,383 


24,100,000 

33,052,187 


93,200,000 
39 0.50,197 




Chili . . . 


50,677,600 


37 139 961 


China 


3,300,000 
15,399,304 


230,000,000 
3,114,619 


105,000,000 
6.949,028 


114,000;000 
9,994,386 


Colombia 


2,779,410 


Denmark 


53,000,000 


13,464,066 


13,074,620 


50,311,240 


33,933,640 


Ecuador 


17,500,000 


20.800,000 


31,500,455 


7,596,264 


3,913,536 




450,540,000 
4,695,600,000 


54,820,818 
548,605,716 


54,737,670 
589,334,163 


29,000,000 
882,360,000 


68,000,000 
961.540,000 


France 


Germany 


30,000,000 


135,584,349 


135,000,000 


918,850,000 


608,200,000 


Gt. Britain & Ir 


3,888,907,980 


398,825,180 


413,017,475 


1,969,695,885 


1,363,883,010 


Greece 


98,013,000 


7,765,360 


7,833,768 


24,073,400 


15,097,000 


Guiana 


460,000 


1,580,000 


4,580,000 


1,811,770 


3,341,040 


Hawaiian Isl'ds 


548,032 


504,095 


460,000 


1,682,000 


3,090,000 


Hungary prop 


274,358,915 


106,069,258 


116,903,036 
393,503,145 






India, British.. 


576,634,330 


273,649,885 


244,666,000 


835,600,000 


Italy 


1,977,117,845 


379,5.50,000 
63,130,600 


378,131,440 
63,993,850 


265,899,000 
24,087,515 


313,371,000 


Japan 


145,000,000 


37,669,465 


Luxembourg... 


3,400,000 


1,438,66C 


1,409,344 






Mexico . 


395.500,000 


23,807,671 


24,891,533 


39,063,407 


31,659,151 


Netherlands.... 


391,243,333 


43,973,345 


48,785,061 


305,416,000 


336,750,000 


Norway 


13,536,138 


11,364,330 


10,736,-500 


53,017,380 


33,9*3,640 


Paraguay 


12,098,417 


609,00C 


750,000 


565,595 


607,653 




313,482,680 
No debt 


29,801,195 
8,340,000 


33,755,375 
8,750,000 
29,720,336 




37,500,000 
3,813,000 
36,446,600 


Persia 


5,635,000 
38,131,.520 


Portugal 


428,977,613 


29,568,816 


Roumania 


90,000,000 


19,578,885 


19,578,885 


16,200,000 


28,440,000 


Russia 


3,020,092,043 
5,000,000 


489,377,38C 


430,557 403 


365,426,400 
6,197,000 
7,100,000 
66,670,000 


386,484,000 
5,500,000 
8,300,000 
75,564,000 


Servia 


2,968,433 
4,000,000 


3,934,779 
4,000,000 




Spain 


3,4()lV613,66i 


131,500,000 


131,824,000 


Sweden 


39,341,142 
6,235.000 


33,.563,201 

8,297,480 


31,873,193 

8,534,400 


85,906,800 
Not given. 


63,.533,960 
Not given. 


Switzerland . . . 




1,313,773,300 
3,038,648,111 


88,764,050 
257,763,879 


140,000,000 
236,964,327 


72,430,000 
466,873,846 


51,000,000 
739,107,-578 


United States.. 


Uruguay 


43,615,000 


6,965,683 


6,800,1100 


21,917,800 


16,953,000 


Venezuela 


63,659,687 


3,549,000 


3,643,500 


13,000,000 


17,000,000 



In the above statement the debt of the United States is 
placed about $173,000,000 above the true amount, so as to 
make the comparison with non-federal governments more 
correct. So with the other items — they are equalized, as it 
were. 



UNITED STATES HISTOKY. 6T 

The following summary of trade in the United States 
gives the true figures relating to imports and exports : 

The value of the total imports of merchandise of the 
United States, exclusive of specie and bullion, for the cal- 
endar year 1883 amounted to 8687,074,666, against $752,- 
843,507 for the previous year, showing a decrease for 1883 
of $65,768,841. The value of the total exports, domestic 
and foreign, exclusive of specie and bullion, for the year 
1883, amounted to $795,175,701, against $767,918,946 for 
the previous 3^ear, showing an increase for 1883 of $27,193,- 
755. The value of the total imports of specie and bullion 
for the year 1883 amounted to $36,209,318, against $22,500,- 
913 the year previous, an increase for 1883 of $12,708,405. 
The value of the total exports of specie and bullion for the 
year 1883 amounted to $31,843,440, against $56,038,134 the 
year previous, a decrease for 1883 of $24,194,694. 

The total foreign trade of the United States, imports and 
exports, exclusive of specie and bullion, was for the calendar 
year 1883, $1,482,250,367, against $1,520,825,453 the previous 
year, a decrease for 1883 of $38,575,086. The total foreign 
trade of the United States, imports and exports, inclusive of 
specie and bullion, was for the calendar year 1883, $1,550,- 
303,125, against $1,599,364,500 the previous year, a decrease 
for 1883 of $49,061,365. 

The Negro Race. — From the earliest period in the history 
of America, the African was to be found among the Peru- 
vians, the Mexicans and the Indians. It remained for the 
colonists of the Atlantic States to enslave him, and this term 
of slavery which began almost with the settlement of Massa- 
chusetts, continued down to the day when Lincoln pro- 
claimed the emancipation of the slave and offered citizenship 
to the negro. In respect to the country northwest of the 
Ohio, it was not until July 13, 1787, that the statute pro- 
hibiting slavery was ]3assed. 

According to the census of 1880, there were in the coun- 
try 6,580,793 people of African ancestr}^ In 1790, according 
to the first census, there were only 757,208. The increase 
of population from 1850 to 1860, under the slave regime, 
was 22.1 per cent ; from 1870 to 1880, 34.8 per cent. 

According to the census of 1880, there is in the South a 
total school population of 5,426,890 — 3,758,480 being white 
and 1,668,410 being colored ; enrolled, white, 2,013,684 ; col- 
ored, 685,942. The total appropriation for school purposes 
by these States is set down at $12,181,602, being the beg- 
garly pittance of $2.26 per capita. Only 31 per cent of the 



68 UNITED STATES HISTOKY. 

white and 26 per cent of the colored children of Louisiana 
availed themselves of the advantages of the public schools, 
while the State appropriates the munificent sum of $529,065 
for educational purposes, being $1.9-i per capita ; while the 
city of 'New York alone expends more than $3,000,000 per 
annum for the education of her 3^outh. Four and two 
tenths per cent of the school population of New York 
State cannot read, and 5.5 cannot write, while in Louisiana 
45. 8 cannot read, and 49.1 cannot write. Florida, with a 
school population of 82,606, appropriates only $134,880 for 
school purposes, being $1.63 per capita. The District of 
Columbia, with a school population of 38,800, appropriates 
$368,343, and 61 per cent of the white and 73 per cent of the 
colored school population are enrolled, the per capita being 
$9.49. In the District of Columbia 5.7 per cent of the 
school population cannot read, and 18.8 per cent cannot 
write, while in Florida 38 per cent cannot read and 43.4 per 
cent cannot write. From the Bureau of Statistics the fol- 
lowing facts are taken : 

Enrollment of colored youths, as far as reported by the 
State school officers for the year 1880, 784,709 ; per cent of 
colored youth of school age enrolled, about 48. Colored 
school teachers in the United States : males, 10,520 ; females, 
5,314; total, 15,834. JN^ormal schools for colored youth, 44; 
teachers, 227 ; pupils, 7,408. High schools, or academic, 36 ; 
teachers, 120; pupils, 5,327. Universities and colleges, 15; 
teachers 889; students, 1,717. Schools of theology, 22; 
teachers, 65 ; pupils reported, 880. Schools of law, 3 ; 
teachers, 10; pupils, 33. Schools of medicine, 2; with 17 
teachers and 87 pupils. 

In 1880 the negro vote of the Northern States was as 
follows: Connecticut, 11,547; lUinois, 46,368; Indiana, 
39,228; Kansas, 43,lo7; Massachusetts, 18,697; Michigan, 
15,100; New Jersey, 65,104; New York, 531,277; Ohio, 
79,900 ; Pennsylvania, 85,535 ; giving a total of 935,843. 

Postal Statistics. — Some idea of the growth of this coun- 
try may be gathered from the postal statistics just published 
in Washington. In the year 1789 there were seventy-ii\ e 
Post-offices and 2,275 miles of postal routes. The revenue 
of the department was $7,510, and the expenditure, $7,560. 
The amount paid for transportation was $5,568. The popu- 
lation of the United States at that time was 3,929,214. The 
figures for 1882 give the number of offices at 46,231 ; extent 
in miles, 343,618; revenue, $41,883,005; expenditure, $40,- 
482,021; paid for transportation, $22,846,112; postage- 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 



stamps, etc., issued, 40,978,053; money-orders, 113,400,118 ; 
letters received in dead-letter office, 4,285,285 ; population, 
50,155,783. The increase in the number of postal stations 
since 1882, and in the number of letters, is as 50,000,000 to 
54,000,000. 

Prices of Staple Goods^ 1S35-1881. — In the following table 
the prices of staple articles of commerce, in the New York 
market, as quoted in January of each year, are given: 



i 


4 


1 

3 


1 




t 
o 






^•1 
§1 


1 


1 


4s 


1 


it 


>^ 


H 


n 


^ 


< 


o 


>^ 


Bbl. 


lb.' 


^ 


"^ 





^ 




Bbl. 


Ib^" 


Bush. 


Ton. 


B'sh. 


Bbl. 


Bush. 


Ton. 


B'sh. 


Bbl. 


3835 


8 78 


15 


101 


10 00 


42 


5 13 


1854 


10 94 


19J4 


2 04 


6 75 


833^ 


8 8914 


1836 


9 16 


15>4 


90 


13 00 


74 


4 80 


1855 


11 47 


1^ 


3 57 


7 25 


101 


8 76 


1837 


9 02 


17it 


93 


13 00 


70 


5 14 


1856 


8 57 


3 14 


5 95 


93 


6 43 


1838 


9 14 


1514 


1 15 


11 50 


57 


5 58 


1857 


12 87 


33l| 


1 75 


6 50 


733^ 


5 783^ 


1839 


9 31 


13M 


1 63 


11 50 


59 


6 45 


1858 


10 48 


181^ 


1 37 


5 50 


61 


4 293^ 


1830 


8 99 


13^ 


1 04 


13 00 


54 


4 98^ 


1859 


7 59 


19 


1 40 


5 25 


803^ 


4 11 


1831 


8 50 




135 


7 50 


58>^ 


5 71 


1860 


900 


16 


1 45 


5 .50 


915^ 


4 30 


1833 


9 4(i 


1534 


1 36 


13 50 


75 


5 761^ 
5 561^ 


1861 


6 00 


14 


1 44 


5 75 


73 


5 35 


1833 


9 38 


15}^ 


119^ 


9 25 


81J^ 


1863 


5 50 


15 


1 38 


4 75 


67 


5 50 


1834 


9 17 


14 


106 


6 00 


59H 


4 98 


1863 


12 00 


33 


1 53 


8 50 


75 


6 05 


1835 


1108 


171^ 


1 05 


6 00 


74 


5 863^ 


1864 


14 00 


24 


1 823^ 


9 75 


1 26 


7 00 


1836 


10 97 


19^ 


1 78 


8 00 


903^ 


7 49^ 


1865 


20 50 


45 


185 


10 00 


1 95 


10 00 


1837 


13 49 


19 


\T,M 


10 50 


1 06 


9 14 


1866 


30 00 


30 


187^ 


8 .50 


953^ 


8 75 


1838 


14 70 


20 


193 


9 00 


86 


7 96 


1867 


18 00 


30 


3 00 


5 50 


11<% 


11 00 


1839 


14 81 


19 


1 241^ 


8 35 


93 


7 30 


1868 


32 00 


45 


3 45 


5 00 


130 


9 55 


1840 


13 03 


ViM 


106~ 


7 50 


59>i 


5 393^ 


1869 


28 00 


40 


1 70 


5 50 


90 


6 00 


1841 


9 01 


11^ 


1 03 


8 00 


53 


5 583^ 


1870 


27 00 


30 


130 


6 50 


1 13 


4 85 


1843 


7 39 


iiM 


1 25 


8 50 


67 


5 57 


1871 


27 00 


20 


1 43 


9 00 


80 


6 25 


1843 


7 15 


814 


881^ 


5 75 


591^ 


4 85^ 


1873 


31 00 


15 


1 50 


4 50 


78 


6 4^ 


1844 


5 63 


103^ 


100 


5 35 


43 


4 67 


1873 


31 00 


16 


1 67 


6 00 


66 


6 25 


1845 


8 31 


13^ 


1 023^ 


5 50 


513^ 


4 933^ 


1874 


22 00 


27 


1 &5 


6 00 


84 


6 00 


1846 


7 54 


13 


131 


5 50 


74 


5 06 


1875 


31 00 


29 


1 25 


5 35 


97 


4 50 


1847 


11 44 


16 


1 03^ 


6 50 


80 


6 683^ 


1876 


33 00 


26 


1 30 


5 50 


71 


4 35 


1848 


9 88 


16 


125 


6 75 




5 96 


1877 


30 00 


28 


1 47 


3 00 


59 


5 50 


1849 


11 68 


15 


1 231^ 


5 35 


64^ 


5 51 


1878 






1 07 




43 


6 15 


1850 


9 08 


f^. 


1 35 


5 75 


61 


5 55 


1879 






83 


6' 66 


393^ 


4 35 


1851 


8 86 


1 30 


6 75 




4 53 


1880 






1 28 


10 00 


40 


6 25 


1853 


10 73 


im 


1 09 


5 25 


70}4 


5 00 


1881 


■8'75 


28 


98 


8 00 


37 


5 30 


1853 


8 87 


18 


133 


5 35 


68K2 


5 78 

































Railroads of the World. — Previous to January 1, 1882, 
there were 104,813 miles of railroad constructed in the 
United States. During the 3^ear 1883 about 1,200 miles 
were constructed, while in 1884 the work of railroad build- 
ing was carried on with increasing activity. The track 
mileage in each State at the beginning of 1882 is shown in 
the following statement : Illinois, 8,326 ; Pennsjdvania, 6,69( • ; 
Ohio, 6,664; New York, 6,279; Iowa, 6,183; Texas, 5,344; 
Indiana, 4,765 ; Michigan, 4,284 ; Missouri, 4,288 ; Kansas; 
3,788 ; Wisconsin, 3,442 ; Minnesota, 3,398 ; Georgia, 2,588 , 
Nebraska, 2,380; Colorado, 2,275; California, 2,268; Vir; 
ginia, 2,894 ; Tennessee, 8,974 ; Massachusetts, 8,935 ; Ala- 
bama, 8,804 ; New Jersey, 8,853 ; Kentuck}^, 8,885 ; Dakota 
Territory, 8,639; North Carolina, 8,689; South Carolina, 



70 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

8,844 ; Mississippi, 8,232 ; Maryland and District of Colum- 
bia, 8,048 ; Arkansas, 8,042 ; I^ew Hampshire, 8,026 ; Maine, 
8,022; Louisiana, 999; IS^ew Mexico Territory, 985; Con- 
necticut, 959 ; Vermont, 986 ; Utah Territory, 908 ; I^evada, 
890 ; Florida, 893 ; West Virginia, 882 ; Oregon, 689 ; Ari- 
zona Territory, 557 ; "Wyoming Territory, 533 ; Washington 
Territory, 480 ; Delaware, 288 ; Indian Territory, 285 ; Iclaho 
Territory, 265 ; Montana Territory, 232 ; Ehode Island, 288. 
Eecent additions bring the present total to about 822,000, 
added to the mileage of Canada, about 80,000 ; of Mexico, 
about 3,000 ; of Central America, about 8,094, and of South 
America, 8,386, brings the total number of miles of railroad 
in America up to 843,480, being 84,824 miles more than the 
combined mileage of all the railroads in the Eastern Hemi- 
sphere. Europe has 805,895 ; Asia, 84,838 ; Africa, 3,068, 
and Australia, 5,592 miles, aggregating 828,686 miles. The 
share capital of the various railroads in the United States 
amounts to $3,808,000,000, the funded debt to $3,455,000,- 
000, and the floating debt to $332,000,000, the aggregate 
hability on shares and debts being $7,495,000,000. 

American War's. — From the days of Cortez and Pizarro 
to our own times war has been waged at intervals through- 
out the two Americas. In our own country the following- 
named wars have engaged the attention of the inhabitants 
from 1675 to 1883: 

King Phihp's War, 1675; King Wilham's War, 1689; 
Dutch War, 1673; Queen Anne's War, 1744; French and 
Indian War, 1753 ; American Eevolution, 1775 ; Indian War, 
1790; Barbary War, 1803; Tecumseh War, 1804; War of 
1812, 1812; Algerine War, 1815; First Seminole War, 1817; 
Black Hawk War, 1832 ; Second Seminole War, 1835 ; Mexi- 
can War, 1846 ; the Southern Kebellion, 1861 ; Sioux War, 
1875-78. 

The B evolutionary War may be said to begin with the 
agitation against the Stamp Act in 1765, and to end with 
ttie inglorious surrender of Cornwallis to Washington and 
Lafayette, October 19, 1781. In April, 1883, Congress noti- 
fied 'Washington of the treaty of peace just entered into, 
and on April 18th, at Newburgh, the commander-in-chief 
ordered the proclamation to be read at the head of every 
regiment, and religious services to be held. On April 19th, 
2r)th, 21st, and 22d festivities were the rule in honor of 
complete victory. 

Acting under Washington's order of April 19, 1783, 
preparations for the illumination of the victory building 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 



Yl 



were made. The headquarters' regiments, then in New- 
burgh cantonment, were ordered to cut and square one 
hundred and twenty-four pieces of timber to seven inches, 
deliver the same to Colonel Gouvion, the French officer in 
charge of the illuminations, and act under his directions 
in erecting the building. The regiments were Maryland 
Detachment, Fourth Regiment, Jersey Regiment, Jersey 
Battalion, First New York Regiment, Second New York 
Regiment, Hampshire Regiment, Hampshire Battalion, First 
Massachusetts Regiment, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Seventh Massachusetts Regiment, Second Massachusetts 
Regiment, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, Eighth Massa- 
chusetts Regiment, and Third Massachusetts Regiment. 
The shoeless troops worked in the forest until the 20th of 
April, dehvered the timber, erected the great frame for 
illumination, and thus celebrated the defeat of the British. 
The troops of the Revolutions were made up of 232,075 
regular infantry and cavahy, and 56,033 militia. The States 
contributing: were the 



Re2:ular Militia 

376 

4,127 

5,620 



Free States of Eegular Militia 

New Hampshire 12,495 2,093 

Massachusetts 68,007 15,145 

Rhode Island 5 , 093 4, 284 

Connecticut 32,029 7,702 

New York 18,331 3,304 

New Jersey 10,726 6,055 

Pennsylvania 25,322 7,327 

Total of free States. .172,'819 45,910 Total of slave States. 58,256 10,123 
Grand total Regular, 231,075; Militia, 56,033. 

The battles and losses of the Revolution are 
the folio win Of list : — 



The Slave States of 

Delaware 2,317 

Maryland 13,912 

Virginia 25,668 

North Carolina 7,263 

South Carolina 6,417 

Georgia 2,679 



Lexington April 19, 1775. 

Bunker Hill June 17, 1775. 

Flatbush August 12, 1776. 

White Plains August 26, 1776 

Trenton December 25, 1776. 

Princeton January 5, 1777. 

Hubbardstown August 7, 1777. 

Remington August 16, 1777. 

Brandywine September 11, 1777. 

Stillwater September 17, 1777. 

Germantown October 5, 1777. 

Saratoga October 17, 1777. 

Red Hook October 22, 1777. 

Monmouth June 25, 1778. 

Rhode Island August 27, 1778. 

Briar Creek March 30, 1779. 

Stony Point July 15, 1779. 

Camden August 16, 1779. 



.(surrendered) 



set forth in 


Brit. 


Amer. 


273 


84 


1,054 


456 


400 


280 


400 


400 


1,000 


9 


400 


100 


800 


800 


800 


100 


500 


1,000 


600 


350 


600 


1,250 


5,752 




500 


32 


400 


130 


260 


114 


13 


400 


600 


100 


375 


610 



72 



UNITED STATES HISTOEY. 



Brit. 


Amer. 


950 


96 


800 


72 


531 


400 


400 


460 


1,000 


550 


7,072 





King's Mountain. .October 1, 1780 

Cowpeus January 17, 1781 

Guilford March 15, 1781 

Hobkirk Hills April 25, 1781 

Eutaw Springs.. September, 1781 

Yorktown October, 1781 (surrendered) 

TheWarof the EebelUon, 1861-1865.— The fall of Fort 
Sumter was a signal for the uprising of the people. The 
news of the calamity was flashed throughout the world on 
April 14, 1861, and early the next morning the proclamation 
of President Lincoln w^as telegraphed to the chief executive 
officer of each State. The proclamations of the Governors 
were issued, April 16, 1861, and on the same day every man 
within the loyal States was prepared to act a citizen's part. 
E'otwithstancfmg the unparalleled enthusiasm, the great 
majorit}^ of the people maintained their equanimity, with 
the result of beholding, within a brief space of time, every 
section of the North represented by soldiers prepared to 
fight to the bitter end in defense of cherished institutions, 
and for the extension 'of the principles of human liberty 
to all classes within the limits of the threatened Union. 
This, their zeal, was not animated by hostility to the slave 
holders of the Southern States, but rather by a fraternal 
spirit, akin to that which urges the eldest brother to correct 
the persistent follies of his juniors, to lead them from crimi- 
nal ways to the paths of family honor. 



THE NUMBER OF MEN CALLED FOR BY THE PRESIDENT, AND THE 
NUMBER OBTAINED, ARE THUS RECORDED: 



Date of President's 
Proclamation. 



April 15, 1861 

May 3, 1861 

July 22 and 25, 1861 
May and June, 1862 

July 2, 1862 

August 4, 1862 

June 15, 1863 

October 17, 1863 . . . 
February 1, 1864. . . 

March 14, 1864 

April 23, 1864 

July 18, 1864 

December 19, 1864 . 

Total 



Number 


Period of 


Number 


Called for. 


Service. 


Obtained. 


75,000 


3 months 


93,326 


82,748 } 
500,000 [ 


3 years 


714,231 




3 months 


15,007 


300,000 


3 years 


431,958 


300,000 


9 months 


87,588 


100,000 


6 months 


16,361 


300,000 ) 
200,000 \ 


2 years 


374,807 


200,000 


3 years 


284,021 


85,000 


100 days 


83,652 


500,000 


1, 2, 3 yrs. 


384.882 


300,000 


1, 2, 3 yrs. 


204,568 


2,942,748 




2,690,401 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 



73 



The following table was issued by the War Department, 
giving the number of men furnished the Union Army by 
each State and Territory and the District of Columbia from 
April 15, 1861, to the close of the war of the rebellion. It 
shows that the total number of volunteers was 2,678,967, 
divided as follows : 



PD. COM. 

Maine 2,007 

New Hampshire 692 

Vermont 1,974 

Massachusetts 5,318 

Rhode Island 463 

Connecticut 1,515 

New York 18,197 

New Jersey 4,196 

Pennsylvania 28,171 

Delaware 1,386 

Maryland 3,678 

West Virginia 

Dist. of Columbia. . 338 

Ohio 6,479 

Indiana 784 

Illinois 55 

Michigan 2,008 

Wisconsin 5,097 

Minnesota 1,032 

Iowa 67 



TOTAL. 




PD. COM. TOTAL. 


72,114 


Missouri 


109,111 


36,629 


Kentucky 


. . 3,265 79,025 


35,262 


Kansas 


2 20,151 


152,048 


Tennessee 


31,092 


23,699 


Arkansas 


8,289 


57,379 


North Carolina . . . 


3,156 


467,047 


California 


15,725 


81,010 


Nevada 


1,080 


366,107 


Oregon 


1,810 


13,670 


Washington Ter. . 


964 


50,316 


Nebraska Ter 


3,157 


32,068 


Colorado Ter 


4,903 


16,872 


Dakota Territory. 


200 


319,659 


New Mexico Ter. . 


6.561 


197,149 


Alabama 


2,576 


259,147 


Florida 


1.290 


89,372 


Louisiana 


8,224 


96,424 


Mississippi 


545 


25,052 


Texas 


1,965 


76,309 


Indian Nation. . . . 


35,030 




. .86,724 2,690,401 



which, with re-enlistments, brought the number up to 2,859,- 
132. 

The troops furnished by the Southern States were, with 
the exception of those of Louisiana, nearly all white. Flor- 
ida furnished two regiments of cavalry ; Alabama one white 
regiment ; Mississippi one battalion, and IS'orth Carolina two 
regiments, one cavalry. The calls of October, 1863, and 
February, 186-1, were combined, and the product of the 
draft of July, 1863, credited thereon. 

In addition to above total, 63,322 men Avere obtained from 
the Territories and secession States under the different calls. 
The draft gave 168,649 men. The number of colored troops 
was 186,097. 

The Confederates succeeded in enlisting 600,000 men, of 
whom one third were killed on the field or died of wounds 
or disease. The remaining 400,000 were captured, or be- 
came prisoners by surrender, or deserted. The total losses 
of the North and' South approximated to 600,000 men. The 
war cost the United States about $1,000,000,000. 



74: UNITED STATES HISTOEY. 

Tax Lcno of Avgust 5, 1861. — The act of 1861 authorized 
the collection of $20,00(>,(>(J0 from the various States, while 
in point of fact only about $13,000,000 was collected, the 
remainder still standing as a judgment against the various 
States. It is urged by the friends of a bill refunding the 
direct tax of 1861, that either the States which have not 
paid ought to be forced to do so, or else those which did 
pay ought to be refunded that sum in order to make things 
equal among the States in regard to this matter. The gov- 
ernment is not needing the money now, and there is really 
a necessity of getting this money into the hands of the peo- 
ple. It is suggested that the easiest way to equalize the 
matter between the States is to pass this bill, giving back to 
each State the sum which was collected there. Only two 
States, JSTew York and Pennsylvania, would get a larger 
amount of this measure than Ohio. Alabama, against 
Avhich was assessed $529,000, only paid $8,000 and a frac- 
tion, leaving $520,000 yet due. Georgia, which Avas assessed 
$584,000, paid but $71,000, and the amount still assessed 
against her stands at $512,000. Alabama, Georgia, Louisi- 
ana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Texas, Tennessee and Yir- 
finia owe sums ranging from $117,000 up to $520,000. 
[ere is the amount that would be due to each State and 
Territory under this bill should it become a law : Alabama, 
$8,491 ; Arkansas, $184,082 ; California, $247,941 ; Colorado, 
$1,516; Connecticut, $308,214; Dakota, $3,241; Delaware, 
$74,683; District of Columbia, $49,457; Florida, $33,592; 
Georgia, $71,407 ; Illinois, 1,146,551 ; Indiana, $904,875 ; Iowa, 
$452,088 ; Kansas, $71,743 ; Kentuckv, $113,695 ; Louisiana, 
$268,515; Maine, $420,826 ; Maryland, $436,823; Massachu- 
setts, $824,581; Michigan, $501,763; Minnesota, $108,424; 
Mississippi, $74,742; Missouri, $781,127; Nebraska, $19,- 
312; Nevada, $4,592; New Hampshire, $218,406; New 
Jersey, $450,134 ; New Mexico, $62,648 ; New York, $2,- 
603,918 ; North Carohna, $386,194 ; Ohio, $1,567,089 ; Ore- 
gon, $35,140; Pennsylvania, $1,946,719; Ehode Island, 
$115,963; Tennessee, $287,729; Texas, $130,608; Utah, 
$26,982; Yermont, $311,068; Yirginia, $515,569; West 
Yirginia, $208,479; Washington Territory, $4,268; Wis- 
consin, $519,638 ; South Carolina, $363,576. 

Military Organization of the AYorld. — The United States 
army, as at present composed, is made up of 25,000 enlisted 
men and 2,153 commissioned officers. General Philip H. 
Sheridan, general of the army, entered the service in 1853, 
and succeeded General Sherman in 1883 in command. The 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 



T5 



following table is given to show the military relation of 
the United States to the other nations : 



Countries. 



Austria-Hungary. . . 
Argentine Republic. 

Belgium 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Canada 

Chili 

China 

Colombia 

Denmark 

Egypt 

France 

Oermany 

Oreat Britain 

Greece 

India, British 

Italy 

Japan 

Luxembourg 

Mexico 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Persia 

Peru 

Portugal 

Roumania 

Russia 

Servia 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

Turkey 

United States 

Uruguay 

Venezuela 



Population, 



37,350,000 
1,812,490 
5,336,185 
2,000,000 

11,108,291 
3,672,116 
2,333,568 
433,500,000 
2,774,000 
1,903,000 

17,100,000 

36,905,788 

42, 727, 

34! 242,' 

1,457,894 

191,168,412 

27,769,475 

34,338,404 
205,158 
9,276,079 
3,865,456 
1,807,555 
6,000,000 
3,000,000 
4,057,538 
5,073,000 

72,392,927 
1,366,923 

16,526,511 
4,429,713 
2,759,854 
9,573,000 

50,152,866 

445,000 

1,784,197 



Regular 
Army. 



296,218 

8,283 

46,277 

4,022 

16,500 

3,000 

3,516 

700,000 

2,600 

35,703 

62,920 

470,600 

419,659 

133,720 

12,397 

58,170 

199,577 

35,380 

513 

22,387 

61,803 

12,750 

28,400 

13,200 

35,733 

130,158 

787,900 

14,150 

330,000 

36,4Vi5 

106,102 

157,667 

26,914 

4,060 

5,494 



War 

Footing. 



1,021,692 



103,683 



32,000 

655,000 

28,274 

1,260,000 

30,000 

50,000 

128,000 

1,750,000 

1,034,524 

370,561 

30,050 

144,700 

867,509 

50,240 



160,000 

18,000 

108,500 



75,000 
144,668 

1,671,674 
150,000 
400,000 
156,970 
203,262 
618,100 

3,759,693 
24,000 



I Cost 

Annual Cost per 

of Army. head. 



$50,680,000 
4,514,018 
8,787,909 
1,126,916 
10,862,496 
1,013,944 



288,000 

2,406,109 

4 452 422 

100,'007,'623 

92,572,403 

65,161,015 

l,494,i 

76,875,1 

37,983,755 

7,506,000 

100,' 

10,554,745 

10,266,990 

1,480,760 

3,400,000 



4,342,928 

3,310,198 

144,215,615 

869,138 

49,146,491 

3,579,940 

2,419,213 

24,763,095 

37,082,735 

2,364,100 



1135 

2 49 

1 64 

56 

97 

27 



10 
126 

26 
2 70 
2 16 
1 90 
102 

40 
1 36 

21 

48 

1 13 

2 65 
81 
56 



1 07 
65 

1 99 
63 

2 97 
80 
87 

2 58 

95 

5 31 



Church Statistics. — The estimated population of the world, 
classified by races and religions is as follows : — Caucasian, or 
white, 600,000,000; Mongohan, 600,000,000; African, or 
Black, 250,000,000; Copper-Colored, 12,000,000; Pagans, 
676,000,000; Christians, 320,000,000; Mohammedans, 140,- 
000,000 ; Jews, 14,000,000. 

All these collectively are estimated to speak 3,064 lan- 
guages, and to jDrofess about 1,000 different forms of religion. 

In the Western Hemisphere, the Christian Church is 
divided thus:— Eoman Catholic, 47,192,000; Eastern Church, 
10,000; all Protestant Churches, 29,959,000.— (A^a?'/on«^ 



76 UNITED STATES HISTOET. 

EnGyclopedid). The statistics compiled from the census of 
1880, give the following religions and numbers existing 
within the United States. 

Denominations. Churches. ^^^ ^|™" 

Adventist 91 107 " 11,100 

Adventist, Second 583 501 63,500 

Adventist, Seventh Day 608 138 14,733 

American Communities 14 8 2,838 

Baptist 24,794 15,401 2,133,044 

Baptist, Anti-mission 1,000 888 40,000 

Baptist, Freewill 1,485 1,286 76,706 

Baptist, Seventh Day 87 103 8,606 

Baptist, Six Principle 20 17 2,075 

C^hristian (Disciples of Christ) 4,681 3,658 567,448 

Congregational 3,689 3,589 383,685 

Dunkards (Brethren) 710 1,665 90,000 

Episcopal, Protestant 3,049 3,496 342,590 

Episcopal, Reformed 55 68 10,459 

Evangelical Association 1,332 1,340 99,607 

Friends 621 876 67,643 

Jews 269 202 13,683 

Lutheran 5,556 3,102 684,570 

Mennonite. New 31 44 2,990 

Methodist Episcopal 16,721 9,261 1,680,779 

Methodist Episcopal, South 3,593 828,013 

Methodist Episcopal, Colored 1,038 648 74,195 

Methodist, Free 287 601 12,120 

Methodist, Independent 13 14 2,100 

Methodist, Primitive 121 50 3,370 

Methodist, Protestant 1,501 2,120 118,170 

Methodist, Wesleyan 260 475 17,847 

Moravian 74 96 16,112 

Mormon 654 3,906 110,377 

New Jerusalem (Swedenborgian) 91 81 4,734 

Presbyterian 5,338 4,920 573,377 

Presbyterian, South 1,928 1,031 119,970 

Presbyterian, Cumberland 2,474 1,386 111,855 

Presbyterian, Reformed 41 31 6,020 

Presbyterian, United 793 658 80,236 

Reformed Church in America 489 519 78,917 

Reformed Church in the United States 1,384 752 154,742 

Roman Catholic 5,975 6,366 6,370,880 

Shaker.... 17 68 2,400 

Unitarian Congregational 342 394 17,960 

United Brethren in Christ 2,207 2,200 155,437 

United Evangelical 366 363 144,0(i0 

Universalist 719 713 26,238 

Winebrennerians (Church of God) 569 498 20,224 

According to returns made in May, 1883, the present 
membership of the Methodist Episcopal church in the United 
States is 1,769,534, with property valued at $79,238,055. 

The growth of the Koman Catholic church is shown by the 

latest returns to be about 2,000,000 in the last four years, or 
8,370,880. The Congregational, Presbyterian, Protestant 



UNITED STATES HISTOEY, 



7T 



Episcopal and German Evangelical clmrclies have all shared 
in the addition of members. 

The General Councils of the church, location and date 
(A.D.) are given as follows : Jerusalem, against Judaizers, 
51 ; Aries, against Donatists, Sl-i ; JSTice, First Ecumenical, 
325 ; Constantinople, Arian, 337 ; Rome, Athanasian, 342 , 
Sardis, against Arius, 347 ; Constantinople, Second CEcu- 
menical, 381 ; Ephesns, Third (Ecumenical, -431 ; Chalcedon, 
Fourth CEcumenical, 451 ; Constantinople, Fifth Oecumeni- 
cal, 553 ; Constantinople, Sixth CEcumenical, 681 ; ISTice, 
Seventh Qi^cumenical, 782 ; Constantinople, Eighth (Ecn- 
menical, 870 ; Eome, First Lateran, 1123 ; Rome, Second 
Lateran, 1139; Rome, Third Lateran, 1179; Rome, Fom-th 
Lateran, 1215 ; Lyons, Emperor Frederick deposed, 1243 ; 
Lyons, Reunion of Greek Latin Churches, 1274; Vienna, 
Fifteenth Oecumenical, 1312; Pisa, Popes Elected and De- 
posed, 1409 ; Constance, Huss Condemned to be burned, 
1414 ; Basle, Eighteenth (Ecumenical, 1431 ; Rome, Fifth 
Lateran, 1512-17 ; Trent, (Ecumenical, 1545-63 ; Rome, (Ecu- 
menical, 1869-70. 

Mhccatianal. — The universities and colleges in the United 
States in 1870, numbered 266, employing 2,823 instructors, 
and affording an education to 49,163 pupils. The growth 
of such high class educational institutions from 1870 to 1876 
is proven by the following figures : 



Number of institutions . , 
Number of instructors . . , 
Number of students . . . . , 



1870. 



2,823 
49,163 



1871. 



290 
2,962 

t9,827 



1872. 



298 

3,040 

45,617 



1873. 



8.106 
52,053 



1874. 



843 
3,783 
56,692 



1875. 



355 



58,: 



1876. 



356 

3,920 

56,481 



The public school system is certainly the most extensive 
and practical of anything known in the world ; j^et we have 
4,923,451 persons over ten years of age who cannot read, 
and 6,239,958 over ten years of age who cannot write. In 
the matter of crime, the country has its full share of evil- 
doers — forgers, perjurers and swindlers are found everywhere, 
and common murderers to the extent of 820 in every 10,000,- 
000 of the population. In this connection, let a comparison 
be drawn. Murder is a cause of death in England to 237 
per 10,000,000 ; in Belgium, to 240 ; in France, to 265 ; in 
Scandinavia, to 266; in Germany, to 279; in Ireland (1879), 
to 294; in Austria, to 31(); in Russia, to 323; in Italy, to 
504 ; in Spain, to 533 ; in the United States, to 820. 



T8 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 



Now, in Eussia, Austria and in Ireland, seventy per cent 
of the murders are of a politico-agrarian order, and cannot 
come under the head of common murders. Thus we are 
left far ahead of all other countries in the black list of crime. 
Look at the liquor statistics, at social customs, at the gen- 
eral desire for easy ixmtions^ at schools and churches, and 
say where does the evil take root % 

Naval Statistics. — The naval strength of the several 
nations is thus shown: 



Countries. 


^1 


No. of 
Men. 


Cost of 

Navy. 


Countries. 




No. of 
Men. 


Cost of 

Navy. 


Arg'ntine Rep. 
Austria-H'ng'y 


28 
68 
10 
37 
63 
7 
15 
38 
33 
14 

226 
60 

531 
21 


3,135 
6,319 

172 


$ 842,362 
4,705,095 


Italy 

.Japan 

Mexico 

Netherlands . 

Norway 

Peru 

Portugal 

Roumania. . . 

Russia 

Spain 

Sweden 

Turkey 

United States 


66 

21 

4 

105 

119 

18 

37 

9 

228 

138 

141 

170 

146 


11,880 
3,944 

'4,996 
4,342 


$ 7,543,388 

2,700,000 

10,554,745 






5,780,216 


Brazil 


6,184 


9,994,147 


652,340 


Chili 


840 




3,853 

266 

30,039 

14,648 

6,141 

6,000 

8,684 


1,585,494 


China 






Denmark 

Egypt 

France 

Germany 

Gt. Brit'n & Ir. 
Greece 


1,125 


1,200,000 


20,030,704 
6,536,315 


50,517 

8,051 

81,447 

652 


33,178,699 

1,192,325 

56,445,000 

391,978 


1,352,792 
14,077,974 



The merchant shipping of the world, according to the 
statistics of 1876, credits the United States with second 
place. In the following table the number of sailing vessels 
is placed first, next the number of steam vessels, and lastly 
the total tonnage : 



British 


20,265 


3,299 9,170,357 


Russian 


1,785 


151 


497,914 


United States 


7,288 


605 3,180,249 


Austrian 


983 


78 


419,953 


Norwegian . . 


4,749 


122 1,466,777 


Danish 


1,348 


87 


249,650 


Italian 


4,601 


114 1,389,658 


Portuguese. . . 


456 


26 


129,293 


German 


3,456 


226 1,102,853 


South Am'rc'n 


273 


81 


154,722 


French 


3,858 


314 1,059,382 


C'ntr'lAm'rc'n 


153 


6 


61,076 


Spanish 


2,915 


230 733,570 


Turk&Eg'p'n 


305 


30 


76,553 


Greek 


2,121 


11 434,038 


Belgian 


54 


35 


64;044 


Dutch 


1,432 


126 534,593 


Asiatic 


42 


11 


26,996 


Swedish 


2,121 


219 487,788 


Liberian 


3 




454 



Irnportmit Laws. — The insolvent, assignment and home- 
stead laws of the different States of the Union are summa- 
rized as follows : 

Since the repeal of the United States bankrupt law, the 
laws of the different States respecting insolvenc}^, assign- 
ments for the benefit of creditors, exemptions of' property 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 79 

from liability for debts, and attachments of property upon 
mesne process have become of general interest. A short 
epitome of them is here presented. The following are some 
of the general rules governing these matters : A chscharge 
in insolvency does not affect the rights of a creditor who is 
not within the jurisdiction of the State where the discharge 
is granted, and does not submit himself to that jurisdiction 
by proving his claim against the estate of the debtor. In 
the absence of statutes, assignments of property for the ben- 
ellt of creditors are valid, even though they provide for 
preferences, and for the release of the debtor by creditors 
taking the benefit of them. An involuntary assignment, 
under the laws of one State, of choses in action and other 
property, in another, is not good against attaching creditors 
m the second State. A voluntary assignment will not pre- 
vail against a prior attachment, nor against a subsequent 
attachment, unless the assignment is valid under, and exe- 
cuted witli the formalities required by, the laws of the State 
where the property is attached. 

Alabama. — No insolvent law. Assignments regulated by 
statute, which forbids preferences, or any provision for the 
release of the debtor. Attachments issue against a defendant 
who is a non-resident, or absconds, or removes his property from 
the State, or is guilty of fraud, etc. A bond is required of 
plaintiff. Eeal estate exemption — Eighty acres and house in 
country, or lot and dwelling to value of !i>2,000 in city. Per- 
sonal property exemption — To amount of |?1,000. 

Arizona. — No insolvent or assignment law. Attachments 
issue in actions upon contract for direct payment of money 
where plaintiff has no security, or when defendant is a non- 
resident, etc. The plaintiff must give bond. Eeal estate ex- 
emption — Land and house to value of -$5,000. Personal 
property exemption — i$150 library; $G00 household goods; IsGOO 
tools, stock in trade, etc. 

Arkansas. — No insolvent law. Assignments regulated by 
statute, which forbids preferences. Attachments issue against 
a defendant who is a non-resident, about to leave the State, 
avoids service of process, conceals property, or is guilty of 
fraud, etc. Eeal estate exemption — One hundred and sixty 
acres in country; or city lot, with improvements to value of 
$2,500. Personal property exemption — Unmarried person — 
specified articles, $200; also, wearing apparel. Married person 
— specified articles, $500; also, wearing apparel. 

California. — An insolvent law by which a debtor surrender- 
ing his property may receive a discharge from his debts. No 
preferences permitted. No discharge in case of fraud, nor 



80 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

from debts due as a depositary of funds received, as banker, 
broker or commission merchant. Assignments not allowed, 
unless under this law. Attachments when defendant is a non- 
resident, or in an action upon contract for direct payment of 
money, where plaintiff has no security, the plaintiff giving 
bond. Eeal estate exemption — Homestead to value of 15,000. 
Personal joroperty exemption — $200 library, etc.; 1200 house- 
hold goods, etc.; 12,000 miner's cabin, and tools, claims, 
sluices, etc., and a multitude of special articles. 

Colorado. — No insolvent or assignment law. Attachments 
(plaintiffs giving bond) when defendant is non-resident, or con- 
ceals himself, or stands in defiance of officer, or in case of fraud, 
etc. Eeal estate exemption — Homestead to value of $2,000. 
Personal property exemption — Married person — 1100 household 
goods; $200 tools in trade; $300 library; $200 working animals; 
loO farming implements. Unmarried person — $300 tools, stock 
in trade, etc. 

Connecticut. — Insolvent law, with compulsory proceedings, 
which may be taken by creditor to amount of $100. Prop- 
erty put into hands of trustee. Discharge from debts proved, 
upon payment of seventy per cent. Debtor's property exempt 
for two years from legal process upon debts which might have 
been proved. Assignments must be administered under this 
law. Attachments on mesne process, in all cases. Eeal Estate 
Exemption — There is no real estate exemption. Personal Prop- 
erty Exemption — $150 household goods, cattle, etc. ; $250 horse, 
buggy, family stores, to specified amount; $500 library of phy- 
sician or surgeon; $200 boat used in fishing. 

Dakota, — No insolvent law. Assignments without prefer- 
ences allowed, but are void against any creditor not assenting 
thereto, if they tend to coerce the creditor to release his claim, 
or provide for j^ayment of fraudulent claim, or reserve any 
benefit to assignor, or confer any power upon assignee, which 
may delay the conversion of the assigned property, or exempt 
the assignee from liability for neglect of duty, etc. Attach- 
ments (plaintiff giving bond) when defendant is non-resident, 
absconds, conceals, or conveys property in fraud of creditors, 
etc. Eeal Estate Exemption — Homestead, 160 acres; or lot, or 
plot of ground actually occupied in town. Personal Property 
Exemption — $1,500, books, wearing apparel, etc. 

Delaware. — No insolvent law. Assignments governed by 
the common law, except that a special partnership may not 
give preferences. Attachments (plaintiff giving bond) when 
defendant has fraudulently left the State, etc. Eeal Estate 
Exemption — No real estate exemption. Personal Property Ex- 
emption — Married person, $275 tools and fixtures. Unmarried 
person $75 tools and fixtures. 

District of Columbia. — No insolvent or assignment laws. 



UNITED STATES HISTOKY. 81 

except tliat assignments of the property of a special partner- 
ship, with preferences, are void. Attachments (plaintiff giving 
bond) when the defendant is non-resident, or removes, or is 
about to remove his property, etc. Eeal Estate Exemption — 
No real estate exemption. Personal Property Exemption — $300 
wearing apparel and furniture; ^'200 tools and implements of 
trade; stock to same amount; $300 library and implements 
of professional man or artist; $100 farmer's team, etc.; $400 
library and family pictures. 

Florida. — No insolvent or assignment law. Attachments 
(plaintiff giving bond)when defendant is non-resident, or about 
to part with his property fraudulently, or remove from the 
State, or fraudulently secretes property, etc. Real Estate Ex- 
emption — Homestead IGO acres land and improvements in 
country, or half an acre in village or city. Personal Property 
Exemption — $1,000 personal property. 

Georgia. — No insolvent law. Assignments regulated by 
statute, which forbids preferences, or making a release of the 
debtor a condition precedent to receipt of dividends. Attach- 
ments (the plaintiff giving bond) when the defendant is non- 
resident, absconds, conceals himself, resists a legal arrest, re- 
moves, or is about to remove, his property, or fraudulently dis- 
poses of the same. Real Estate Exemption — Married person, 
guardian, aged or infirm person, or any person having care of 
dependent. Female who is not the head of family is entitled 
to amount of realty, or personalty, or both, to the value of 
$1,600 in the aggregate. 

Idaho. — Insolvent law, under which the debtor is discharged 
upon making an assignment, as therein provided, except in 
cases of fraud. Attachments (plaintiff giving bond) in actions 
upon contract for the direct payment of money, when the 
plaintiff has no lien or security, or when the defendant is a 
non-resident, etc. Real Estate Exemption — No real estate ex- 
emption. Personal ProiDerty Exemption — $100 library, tables, 
desks, etc.; $200 grain, seed, or vegetables, mechanics' tools, 
physicians' or surgeon's instruments, actors' wardrobes, etc., 
miners' tools and implements, cartmen's specified horses and 
wagons. 

Illinois. — No insolvent law. Assignments, wishout prefer- 
ence, allowed and regulated by statute. Attachments (plaintiff 
giving bond) when the defendant is non-resident, absconds, 
conceals himself, or his property, is guilty of fraud, etc. Real 
Estate Exemption — Lot of ground and buildings, value $1,000, 
to head of family. Personal Property Exemption — Unmarried 
person, books, pictures, wearing apparel, and $100 other prop- 
erty. Married person, books, etc., $300 other property. 

"^ Indiana. — No insolvent law. Assignments, without prefer- 
ences or provision for release of debtor, allowed and regulated 



82 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

by statute. Attachments substantially same as in Illinois. 
Eeal Estate Exemption — 1300 real, or personal, or both. 

lo^va. — No insolvent law. Assignments, without prefer- 
ences, allowed and regulated by statute. Attachments sub- 
stantially same as in Illinois. Eeal Estate Exemption — $500 
homestead of forty acres in country, or half an acre in town. 
Personal Property Exemption — 1200 household furniture; also, 
wearing apparel, library, tools, etc.; 175 wearing apparel and 
selected property to unmarried person. 

Kansas. — No insolvent law. Assignments, without prefer- 
ence, allowed and regulated by statute. Attachments substan- 
tially same as in Illinois. Real Estate Exemption — 160 acres 
land; or one acre in town or city, with improvements. Per- 
sonal Property Exemption — $500 household furniture, wearing 
apparel, etc.; $300 stock and farming utensils; $400 library and 
implements of professional man. 

Kentucky. — No insolvent law. Assignments regulated by 
statute. Any preference may be set aside in six months. At- 
tachments substantially as in Illinois. Real Estate Exemp- 
tion — $1,000 house and' land. Personal Property Exemption — 
$100 household furniture; $500 library and implements of pro- 
fessional man; $100 mechanics' tools. 

Louisiana. — Insolvent law, with compulsory proceedings by 
a judgment creditor, upon return of the execution "no prop- 
erty found." The debtor makes a surrender to the creditors, 
and may be discharged by the consent of a majority of creditors 
in number and amount, except in case fraud or lareference is 
proved. Assignments, without preference, may be made with- 
out regard to the insolvent law. Attachments substantially as 
in Illinois. Real Estate Exemption — 160 acres land, with im- 
provements, and personal property; value m all, $8,000. 

Maine. — Insolvent law, mssed in 1878, modeled on the 
United States Bankrupt La\w Voluntary petition may be filed 
by debtor owing $300. Invcmintary proceedings by at least two 
creditors; having one fourth in amount of the provable debts. 
Debtors owing less than $300 may make an assignment in a 
summary manner. No percentage is required to be paid to 
entitle a debtor, for the first time insolvent, to discharge. 
Attachments within four months from date of filing petition 
dissolved. Preferences given within two months void, and 
may be recovered by assignee. Assignments are probably acts 
of insolvency, and may be set aside by the assignee in insolv- 
ency, if made within four months of the filing of the petition. 
Otherwise, probably good, if without preferences. Attach- 
ments on mesne process in all cases. Real Estate Exemption — 
$500 in land and dwelling. Personal Property Exemption — $50 
furniture; $100 sewing-machine; $150 library; $350 animals, 
clothing, tools, etc. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 83 

Maryland. — Insolvent law, under which the debtor is dis- 
charged" upon surrender of his property, except where fraud or 
preference is proved. Assignments subject to rules of common 
law. Attachments (plaintiff giving bond) when defendant is 
non-resident, and in cases of fraud, etc. Real Estate Exemp- 
tion — No real estate exempted. Personal Property Exemption — 
$100 in selected property; also, tools and wearing apparel. 

Massachusetts. — Insolvent law, similar to the United States 
Bankrupt Law. Proceedings generally the same, except that 
involuntary petition may be filed by one creditor, and the acts 
of insolvency are not so numerous. Discharge upon payment 
of fifty per cent, or by consent of a majority of number and 
value of creditors. None in case of fraud or preference. As- 
signments are acts of insolvency, but good if not avoided by 
assignee in insolvency. Attachments on mesne process, in all 
cases. Real Estate Exemption — $800 farm, or lot of land and 
buildings. Personal Property Exemption — $720 household 
furniture, stock, library, provisions, etc. 

3ficMgan. — Insolvent law, by which a debtor, with the con- 
sent of two thirds of his creditors, and upon surrendering his 
property, may be discharged. Assignments allowed. Attach- 
ments (plaintiff giving bond) issue when defendant is a non- 
resident, or is guilty of fraud, etc. Real Estate Exemption — 
40 acres of land in country; or one lot in city, with dwelling, 
$1,500. Personal Property Exemption — $250 household furni- 
ture; $150 library; sheep, cows, etc., to householder, in addi- 
tion. 

Minnesota. — No insolvent law. Assignments, without pref- 
erence, allowed and regulated by statute. Attachments (plaint- 
iif giving bond) when defendant is non-resident, conceals his 
property, is guilty of fraud, etc. Real Estate Exemption — 80 
acres land, or lot and dwelling in city, or village of more than 
5,000 inhabitants, and half an acre in town of less than 5,000. 
Personal Property Exemption — 1500 household articles; $300 
farming utensils; $400 mechanics' tools, stock, and provisions; 
library and implements of professional man. 

Mississippi. — No insolvent law. Assignments not requiring 
a release of the debtor allowed. Attachments (plaintiff giving 
bond) when defendant is non-resident, conceals property, or is 
guilty of fraud, etc. Real Estate Exemption — 80 acres land to 
any householder; $2,000 worth of real property in incorporated 
town. Personal Property Exemption — $250 furniture; library, 
wearing apparel, tools, and implements. 

Missouri. — No insolvent law. Assignments, without pref- 
erence, allowed and regulated by statute. Attachments (plaint- 
iff giving bond) when defendant is non-resident, conceals himself 
or property, or is guilty of fraud. Real Estate Exemption — 160 
acres land to married man, to value of $1,500; 18 square rods, 



84 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

value 13,000, in city of 40,000 or over; 30 square rods, value 
11,500, in city of less size. Personal Property Exemption — 
1300 personal property to head of family. 

Montana. — No insolvent or assignment laws. Attachments 
in actions upon contracts to pay money, the plaintiff giving 
bond in double the value of property attached; also before debt 
due, if debtor fraudulently disposes of his property to defraud 
his creditors. Eeal Estate Exeinption — IGO acres land and 
dwelling in country; or half an acre, with buildings, 12,000 
value, in city; or 30 acres in city, value '$^2,000. Personal 
Property Exemption — -$500 personal property; $100 household 
.furniture; $50 farming implements, library, tools, etc. 

Nebraska. — No insolvent law. Assignments, without pref- 
erence, allowed and regulated by a recent statute (1877). 
Attachments (plaintifl: giving bond) when defendant is non- 
resident, or conceals property, or is guilty of fraud, etc. 

Nevada. — Insolvent law. Xo percentage or consent required 
for discharge, which is only from debts mentioned in debtor's 
schedules. None, if fraud or preference, etc. Assignments 
forbidden. Attachments (plaintiff giving bond) in actions upon 
contract for direct payment of money, where plaintiff has no 
security. Real Estate Exemption — $5,000 homestead. Per- 
sonal Property Exemption — $100 office furniture and library; 
:|400 household furniture, seed, and stock; $500 miner^s cabin; 
#500 miner's tools; $150 sewing-machine. 

New Hampshire. — No insolvent law. Assignments, without 
preference or provision for release of debtor, allowed and regu- 
lated by statute. Attachments on mesne process, in all cases. 

Neiv Jersey. — No proper insolvent law. Assignment law, 
by which the debtor is discharged from the debt proved under 
assignment, except where the debtor is guilty of fraud, or con- 
cealment, etc. Attachments when defendant is non-resident or 
absconds from his creditors. Real Estate Exemption — No real 
estate exemption. Personal Property Exemption — $200 personal 
by head of family, or $200 personal by widow of deceased. 

Neio Mexico. — No insolvency or assignment laws. Attach- 
ments substantially as in Illinois. Real Estate Exemption — 
$1,000 homestead to head of family. Personal Property Exemp- 
tion — $25 provisions; $10 furniture; $25 tools and implements. 

Neiu York. — Insolvent law, under which the debtor sur- 
rendering his property is discharged by consent of the persons 
representing two thirds of the debts. No discharge if fraud or 
preference is proved. No involuntary proceedings unless the 
debtor is imprisoned. Assignments and the duties of assignees 
have been regulated by recent acts (1877 and 1878). Attach- 
ments substantially as in Illinois. Real Estate Exemption — 
$1,000 homestead for family. Personal Property Exemption — 
$250 household furniture, etc. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 85 

North Carolina. — A law by which, upon surrendering his 
property, the person of the debtor is free from liability to arrest 
or imprisonment, except when fraud is proved; but the debt is 
not discharged. Assignments allowed. Attachments substan- 
tially as in Illinois. Real Estate Exemption — 'tl,000 homestead. 
Personal Property Exemption — $500 personal to non-owner of 
homestead; $100 tools, etc. 

Ohio. — A law similar to that of North Carolina. Assign- 
ments, without preference, allowed and regulated by statute. 
Attachments substantially as in Illinois. 

Oregon. — Attachments (plaintiff giving bond) upon all con- 
tracts, payment of which is unsecured. Voluntary assignment 
law dissolves attachments, if made at any time before judgment, 
distributes assets ^>ro rata among all creditors presenting claims 
within three months. Real Estate Exemption — No real estate 
exemption. Personal Property Exemption — $75 library, etc.; 
$100 wearing apparel; if householder, $50 each member; $400 
tools, implements, etc. ; $300 household furniture and stock, to 
householder. 

Pemisylvania. — Law similar to that of North Carolina. 
Assignments, without preference, allowed and regulated by 
statute. Attachments substantially as in Illinois. Real Estate 
Exemption — $300 real or pei'sonal. 

Rhode Idand. — No insolvent law. Assignments allowed, 
and regulated by a recent statute, which took effect September, 
1878. Attachments, or levies, within sixty days after the same 
are made or commenced, may be dissolved by an assignment, 
without preferences, under the act. Upon the giving of a 
preference by the debtor, any three creditors, holding not less 
than one third of the debts, may petition the Supreme Court in 
Equity for the appointment of a receiver of his estate, who is to 
take possession like an assignee in bankruptcy. Preferences 
given by the debtor within sixty days of the commencement of 
proceedings are void, as under the United States Bankrupt Law. 
There is no provision for the discharge of the debtor. Attach- 
ments, when defendant is non-resident, or fraudulently con- 
tracted the debt, or conceals or disposes of his property, or has 
refused to apply his property to the payment thereof. Real 
Estate Exemption — No real estate exemption. Personal Prop- 
erty Exemption — $300 household furniture, etc.; $200 tools, 
implements, etc. 

South Carolina. — No insolvent law. Assignments according 
to common law. Attachments substantially as in Illinois. Real 
Estate Exemption — $1,000 homestead to head of family. Per- 
sonal Property Exemption — $500 household furniture, tools, etc. 

Tennessee. — Law as to insolvency and assignments same as 
in South Carolina, Attachments substantially as in Illinois. 
Real Estate Exemption — $1,000 homestead. Personal Property 



86 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

Exemption — $200 of lumber or product to mechanic; various 
household articles and stock specified. 

Texas. — Law as to Insolvency and assignments same as in 
South Carolina. Attachments substantially as in Illinois. Real 
Estate Exemption — 200 acres and dwelling in country, or lots 
in city, value 15,000. Personal Property Exemi)tion — Library, 
tools, wearing apparel, etc. 

Utah. — Law as to insolvency and assignments same as in 
South Carolina. Attachments (when plaintiff has no security) 
substantially as in Illinois. Eeal Estate Exemption — 11,000 
homestead. Personal Property Exemption — i^lOO office furni- 
ture; 'SlOO seed; $400 mechanics' tools or professional library; 
$200 cash each member of family; also various articles. 

Vermont. — Insolvent law of 187G, modeled on the United 
States Bankrupt Law, with involuntary proceedings by one 
creditor to amount of $250. No discharge, unless assets equal 
thirty per cent of debts, or by consent of majority in number 
and amount of debts proved. No discharge also in substantially 
same cases as in Bankrupt Law. Assignments appear to be 
acts of insolvency, which may be set aside by an assignee in 
insolvency, if made within four months of filing his petition. 
Attachments on mesne process, in all cases. Real Estate 
Exemption — $500 homestead. Personal Property Exemption — 
$200 library professional man; $200 cattle; $250 wagons, har- 
ness, etc. 

Virginia. — No insolvent or assignment laws. Attachments 
substantially as in Illinois. Real Estate Exemption — $2,000 
real or personal. 

Washington Territory. — Law as to insolvency and assign- 
ments same as Virginia. Attachments substantially as in 
Illinois. Real Estate Exemption— $1,000 homestead. Per- 
sonal Property Exemption — $150 household furniture; $2(0 
farming utensils; $500 mechanic's tools or materials; $500 pro- 
fessional library or instruments; $200 office furniture; $300 
teamster's wagon, etc. ; $200 boats, etc. 

West Virginia. — No insolvent law. Assignments regulated 
by statute, preferences being allowed. Attachments same as in 
Virginia. Real Estate Exemption — $1,000 homestead. Per- 
sonal Property Exemption — $200 personal; $50 mechanic's tools. 

Wisconsin. — Insolvent law, by which a debtor is discharged 
upon surrendering property and complying with law. Assign- 
ments, with preferences, unless by limited partnerships, allowed 
and regulated by statute. Attachments substantially as in 
Illinois. Real Estate Exemption — -40 acres land and dwelling 
in country, or one fourth acre and dwelling in city or village. 
Personal Property Exemption — $200 household furniture; $50 
farming utensils; $200 tools and implements; $1,500 printing- 
23ress and material. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. . 8Y 

Wyoming. — No assignment or insolvent laws. Attachments 
substantially as in Illinois. Real Estate Exemption — -11,500 
homestead. Personal Property Exemption — $150 wearing ap- 
parel; $500 household property; $300 tools, teams, etc. 

Weights and Measures. — Congress adopted the decimal 
system in the subdivision of moneys. In 1836 a law was 
passed for regulating the weights and measures of the 
Union, by which the Secretary of the Treasury was directed 
to supply standards of weights, of length, and of capacity, 
according to the standards of Great Britain, to the Govern- 
ors of States and to revenue collectors. Mr. John Quincy 
Adams had reported, in 1821, in favor of the British stand- 
ards, because they were in general use, and a change to the 
decimal principle, as had been effected in France, would be 
attended with great embarrassment. The measure of time 
and circular motion is the same in America and Europe. 
The Troy weight of Britain was adopted in the United 
States for weighing coin and bullion. Our apothecaries 
compound their medicines by the Troy pound and a subdi- 
vision of their own. The Avoirdupois weight used in Eng- 
land is also our legal standard for weighing all other articles 
bought or sold by weight. The British and the United 
States statute acre, square yard, square foot and square 
inch, and the mile, yard, foot and inch, are the same. 

Square Measure. — 144 square inches equal 1 square foot; 9 
square feet 1 square yard; 30:^ square yards 1 square rod or 
pole; 40 square rods 1 square rood; 4 square roods 1 square acre 
(or 43,5G0 feet); 640 square acres 1 square mile. 

Measures of Weight. — Avoirdupois — 1(3 drams equal 1 ounce; 
16 ounces 1 pound; 113 pounds 1 hundred weight; 20 hundred 
weight 1 ton. Troy — 34 grains equal 1 pennyweight; 30 pen- 
nyweights 1 ounce; 13 ounces 1 pound. Apothecaries' — 30 
grains equal 1 scruple; 3 scruples 1 dram; 8 drams 1 ounce; 13 
ounces 1 pound. 

Measures of Length. — 164- feet equal 1 rod or pole; 40 rods 
1 furlong; 8 furlongs (or 5,380 feet) 1 mile; GO geographical 
miles 1 degree. Hopes and Cables — 6 feet equal 1 fathom; 130 
fathoms 1 cable's length; 33 cables 1 league. 

Solid or Cubic Pleasure. — 1,738 inches equal 1 cubic foot; 
37 cubic feet 1 cubic yard; 40 cubic feet or round timber 1 ton; 
50 cubic feet of hewn timber 1 ton; 16 cubic feet of wood 1 foot 
of wood; 8 feet (or 138 cubic feet) 1 cord; 1 perch of stone 
equal to 34.75 cubic feet. 

Measures of Capacity. — Dry — 3150.43 cubic inches equal 1 
United States (or Winchester)* bushel, the dimensions of which 
are 18^ in. diameter inside, 19^ in. outside, and 8 in. deep; 



»» UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

2747.70 cubic inches 1 heaped bushel, the cone of which must 
not be less than 6 inches high. 

Measures of Capacity. — Liquids — 231 cubic inches equal 1 
United States standard gallon; 282 cubic inches 1 ale gallon; 
ol^United States gallons 1 barrel; 42 gallons 1 tierce; 63 gallons 
1 hogshead; 84 gallons 1 puncheon; 12G gallons 1 pipe; 252 
gallons 1 tun. 

Gallons. — The United States standard gallon contains 8.3389 
avoirdupois pounds of distilled water; 1 gallon of ale weighs 
10.05 lbs.; 1 gallon sperm oil 7^ lbs.; 1 gallon linseed oil 7| 
lbs.; 1 gallon proof sprits 7 lbs. 15 oz.; 1 gallon spirits of tur- 
pentine 7 lbs. 5 oz. 

Weight of Various Suista7ices. — Avoirchipois — 1 cubic foot 
of bricks weigh 124 pounds; 1 cubic foot clay 230 lbs.; 1 cubic 
foot sand or loose earth 95 lbs. ; 1 cubic foot common soil 124 
lbs.; 1 cubic foot cork 15 lbs.; 1 cubic foot marble 171 lbs.; 1 
cubic foot granite 165 lbs.; 1 cubic foot cast iron 450.55 lbs.; 1 
cubic foot wrought iron 486.650 lbs.; 1 cubic foot copper 555 
lbs.; 1 cubic foot lead 708.75 lbs.; 1 cubic foot brass 534.75 lbs. 
1 cubic foot tin 436 lbs.; 1 cubic foot white pine 29.56 lbs. 
1 cubic foot elm 34.9 lbs.; 1 cubic foot English oak 60.04 lbs. 
1 cubic foot sea water 64.3 lbs.; 1 cubic foot fresh water 62.05 
lbs.; 1 cubic foot air .07529 lbs.; 1 cubic foot steam .03689 lbs. 

Weight of a Bushel. — Wheat 60 lbs.; corn or rye 56 lbs.; oats 
32 lbs.; barley or buckwheat 48 lbs.; cracked corn, corn or rye 
meal, or any other meal except oat meal, 50 lbs.; onions 56 lbs.; 
salt 70 lbs.; a ton 2,000 lbs. 

Weight of Lead Pipe per Foot. — Medium \ in. 1 lb.; -J in. 1 
lb. 5 oz.; f in. 2 lbs. 3 oz.; | in. 2 lbs. 11 oz. : 1 in. 3 lbs. 7 oz.; 
li in. 3 lbs. 11 oz.; H in. 5 lbs. 8 oz.; If in. 5 lbs. 5 oz.; 2 in. 
6 lbs. 11 oz.; 2i in. 10 lbs.; 3 in. 11 lbs. 10 oz.; 3^ in. 15 lbs. 

Chronology. — The Chronological History of the United 
States has been prepared with great care. It covers the 
leading events in American history, and for this reason it 
must prove invaluable as a plain record and reference. 

1492 Columbus sails from Spain, August 3; arrives at San Sal- 
vador, October 12; at Cuba, October 28; and Hayti, De- 
cember 6. 

1497 Cabot discovers Labrador, July 3. 

1498 Columbus discovers South America, August 10. 

1501 Negro slaves imported into Spanish America, or His- 
paniola. 
Americus Vespucius discovers Brazil. 
1506 Columbus died, May 20. 

1512 Florida discovered by Ponce de Leon, April 6. 

1513 Balboa discovers Pacific ocean. 



UNITED STATES HISTOEY. 89 

1520 Carolina visited by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon, September 

29. 
1534-35 Cartier came up St. Lawrence to Montreal in June. 

1521 Mexico conquered by Cortez. 

1524 Coast of North America explored by John Yerazani. 

1541 De Soto discovered the Mississippi. 

1562 Huguenots settled at Port Eoyal. 

1564 Huguenots settled in Florida. 

1565 St. Augustine, Fla., settled by Spaniards, September 18. 
1583 Henry Gilbert^s troops take New Foundland. 

1585 First English colony arrived on Eoanoke Island under Sir 

Walter Raleigh. 
1587 Second attempt to form the settlement. 
1602 Cape Cod discovered by Bart. Gosnold, May 24. 

1605 Port Ptoyal, N. S., settled by the French. 

1606 London and Plymouth Companies chartered. 

1607 Jamestown settled by the London Company. 
Plymouth Company began to settle on Kennebec river, 

August 21. 

1608 Quebec founded by the French under Champlain, July 3. 

1609 Virginia received its second charter, June 2. 
Hudson river discovered by Hudson, September 21. 

1610 Starving time in Virginia. 

1612 Virginia received its third charter, March 22. 

1613 Pocahontas married to Rolfe in April. 

1614 John Smith explored New England coast. 
New York settled by the Dutch. 

1616 Tobacco culture commenced in Virginia. 
Father Le Caron in the West. 

1620 Plymouth, Mass., settled by Puritans. 
Negroes introduced as slaves. 

Charter granted to Council of Plymouth. 

A Dutch vessel with first negro slaves entered James river. 

1621 Treaty with Massasoit, April 1. 

1622 First Lidian massacre in Virginia, April 1. 

1623 New Hampshire settled at Little Harbor and Dover. 
1627 Delaware and New Jersey settled by Swedes and Finns. 

1632 Maryland settled by Irish Catholics, under the leadership 

of Lord Baltimore at St. Mary's, and Baltimore named 
after a village of that name in Cork county, Ireland. 
1632-4 College founded at Baltimore. 

Nicollet traveled in Michigan and the West. 

1633 Connecticut settled at AVindsor in October. 

1636 Rhode Island settled at Providence. 
Harvard College founded. 

1637 The Pequod war. 

1638 Delaware settled, near Wilmington, April. 

1641 New Hampshire settlements united to Massachusetts. 



90 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

1641 French mission in the Northwest. 

1643 Union of New England colonies formed, May 29. 

1644 Second Indian massacre in Virginia, April. 

1645 Clayborne^s Rebellion in Maryland. 

1650 North Carolina settled, on the Chowan river. 

1651 The "Navigation Act" passed by the British Parliament. 

1652 The Maine settlements united in Massachusetts. 
1655 Civil War in Maryland. 

New Sweden conquered by the Dutch, October. 

1663 Carolina granted to Clarendon and others. 

1664 New York became an English province; New Amsterdam 

changed to New York, September 8. 
New Jersey settled, at Elizabethtown. 

1665 Mesnard, Allouez and others explore the West. 
1668 Father Marquette at St. Marie. 

1670 South Carolina settled, on the Ashley Eiver. 
1673 Virginia granted to Culpepper and Arlington. 

Marquette and Joliet explore the Illinois country. 

1675 King Phillip's war begun, attack on Swanzey, July 4. 
Marquette died, May 18. 

1676 Bacon's Rebellion. 

1680 La Salle, Hennepin and other French explorers on the Mis- 
sissippi. 
Charleston founded. 

New Hampshire made a Royal Province, September 28. 
1682 Pennsylvania settled by Quakers. 

Delaware granted by the Duke of York to William Penn, 
August 31. 
1686 Andros arrived at Boston as Governor of New England, 
December 30. 

1689 King AYilliam's war commenced. Attack upon Dover, 

July 7. 

1690 Schenectady burned by the French and Indians, Febru- 

ary 8. Port Royal taken by the English under Phipps, 
May. 

1692 " Salem Witchcraft" delusion prevailed. 

1697 King William's war terminated, September 20. 

1702 Queen Anne's war commenced. 

1710 Port Royal, Nova Scotia, captured by the English, Octo- 
ber 13. 

1713 Queen Anne's war terminated, April 11. 

1729 North and South Carolina became separate provinces, July. 

1732 Washington born, in Westmoreland county, Virginia, 

February 22. 

1733 Georgia settled, at Savannah, February 12. 
1741 "The Negro Plot," in New York. 

1744 King George's war begun. 

1745 Louisburg captured by the English, June 28. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 91 

1748 King George's war ended, October 18. 

1753 Wasliington sent with a letter from Dinwiddie, October 31. 

1754 Washington delivered St. Pierre's reply to Dinwiddie, 

December 11. 
The battle of Great Meadows, May 28. 
Congress of Commissioners met at Albany, June. 
The battle of Fort Necessity, July 4. 

1755 French expelled from Nova Scotia by Moncton, June. 

Brad dock's defeat at the battle of Monongahela, July 9. 

The British defeated by Dieskau, near Lake George, Sep- 
tember 8. Dieskau defeated by the British at Lake 
George, September 8. 

1756 Great Britain declared war against France, May 17. 
France declared war against Great Britain, June 9. 

The French, under Montcalm, captured Oswego, Au- 
gust 14. 
Indians defeated at Kittaning, September 8. 

1757 Fort William Henry surrendered to Montcalm, August 9. 
The massacre at Fort William Henry, August 10. 

1758 Lord Howe killed in a skirmish at Ticonderoga, July 6. 
Abercrombie repulsed by Montcalm at Ticonderoga, July 8. 
Louisburg taken by Amherst and Wolfe, July 26. 

Fort Frontenac surrendered to the English, August 27. 
Grant defeated by Aubry, near Fort Duquesne, Septem- 
ber 21. 

1759 Ticonderoga and Crown Point abandoned by the French. 
Niagara surrendered to the English, under Johnson, 

July 25. 
Battle of Montmorenci, July 31. 
Battle of the Plains of Abraham, September 13. 
Quebec surrendered to the English, September 18. 

1760 The French attempted the recovery of Quebec, April 28. 
Montreal and the whole of Canada surrendered to the 

Englis'h, September 8. 
1763 The Peace of Paris between Great Britain and France, 
February 10. 
Florida ceded to Great Britain by Spain, February 10. 

1765 The Stamp Act passed by the British Parliament, March 8. 
A Colonial Congress met at New York, October 7. 

1766 The Stamp Act repealed by the British Parliament, March 

18. 

1767 A bill imposing duties on glass, paper, etc., passed, June 

29. 

1768 A body of British troops arrived at Boston, September 27. 
1770 "The Boston Massacre," March 5. 

All duties, except on tea, repealed by Parliament, April 12. 
1773 The cargoes of tea at Boston thrown overboard, Decem- 
ber 16. 



92 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

1774 " Boston Port Bill " passed by Parliament, March. 

" The First Continental Congress " met at Philadelphia, 

September 5. 
Declaration of Rights, November 4. 

1775 The battle of Lexington, April 19. 

The Revolution; battle of I^exington, April 19 ; perpetual 
Union of colonies. May 20; Washington appointed 
Commander-in-Chief, in May; Marshal of France, by 
King Lonis, in July, 1776. 

The five sons of Maurice O'Brien made the first naval 
capture. 

Ticonderoga taken by the Americans, May 10; Bunker 
Hill, defeat of Americans — British lost 1,054, Ameri- 
cans, 453. 

Captain John Barry received the first naval commission. 

Washington takes command at Cambridge, July 3; Conti- 
nental fast, July 20; Falmouth burned by British, 
October 17; Montreal surrendered to Montgomery, 
November 13; Battle of Quebec, December 31. ' 

1776 Norfolk destroyed by British, January 1; Boston evacuated 

by British, March 17; Battle of Fort Moultrie, South 
Carolina, June 28. The Americans took possession of 
Dorchester Heights, March 17; Washington arrived at 
New York, April 14; Battle of Long Island, August 27; 
New York abandoned by the Americans, September 15; 
Battle of Fort Washington, New York, November 16; 
Fort Lee, New Jersey, taken by British, November 18; 
General Lee taken prisoner, December 13. 

Independence declared, July 4; commissioners to solicit 
the aid of the French. 

Battle of Brooklyn, August 27; Howe lost 2,000, but 
succeeded in defeating Sullivan and Putnam, who lost 
only 400; New York evacuated by Americans; Batte of 
White PLains, October 28; Howe lost 300 or 400, but 
defeats Washington; Washington retreated beyond the 
Delaware, November 28. 

Congress adjourned to Baltimore, December 12. Battle 
of Trenton, December 20; Washington defeats Rahl; 
the Americans lost nine men; the English lost 1,000. 

1777 Battle near Princeton, January 3; Americans lost 100; 

Mayhood's English command was defeated and lost 400. 

Battle of Bennington; Stark lost 100; but defeats Baum 
and Bremen's English commands, and kills 600 of the 
enemy. 

Battle of Brandywine, September 11; Howe defeats the 
Americans. Philadelphia possessed by the British, Sep- 
tember 27. Battle of Germantown, October 4; defeat 
of Washington by Howe. The battle of Stillwater; 



UNITED STATES HISTORY, 93 

Burgoyne defeated by Gates, October 7. Saratoga, Oc- 
tober 17; Burgoyne surrenders with 5,752 men. 

1778 Treaty with France, February 6. June 18, Philadelphia 

evacuated by British. June 28, battle of Monmouth; 

Americans defeat their enemies. 
The French troops under Count d'Estaing, with twelve 

ships-of-the-line and six frigates, arrived in July. 

Counts Dillon, MacMahon, Walshe, Eoche, Lafayette, 

Eochambeau were among the officers. Battle of Ehode 

Island, August 29; Sullivan defeats Pigott. 
Savannah taken by British, December 29. New Haven 

plundered by the British. Wyoming massacre, July 3. 

Cherry Valley massacre. 

1779 The battle of Stony Ferry, South Carolina, June 20. 
Tryon's third expedition against Connecticut, July, 
The battle of Stony Point, New York, July 15. 

British garrison at Paulus Hook surprised by Lee, July 19. 

The battle of the Penobscot, Maine, August 13. 

Sullivan's expedition against the Indians. 

"The Battle of the Chemung," New York, August 29. 

Savannah beseiged by the French and Americans, Septem- 
ber, October. 

Paul Jones's naval battle off the coast of England, Sep- 
tember 23. 

D'Estaing and Lincoln repulsed at Savannah, October 9. 

1780 Charleston besieged by the British, April, May. 

The battle of Monk's Corner, South Carolina, April 14, 
Charleston surrendered to the British, May 12. 
The battle of Waxhaw, South Carolina, May 29. 
The battle of Springfield, New Jersey, June 23. 
French Fleet arrived at Newport, Ehode Island, July 10. 
The battle of Eocky Mount, South Carolina, July 30. 
The battle of Hanging Eock, South Carolina, August 6. 
The battle of Sanders' Creek, South Carolina, August IG. 
The battle of Fishing Creek, South Carolina, August 18. 
Arnold's treason. 

Andre executed as a spy at Tappan, New York, October 2. 
The battle of King's Mountain, South Carolina, October 7. 
The battle of Fishdam Ford, South Carolina, November 12. 
The battle of Blackstocks, South Carolina, November 20. 

1781 Eevolt of the Pennsylvania troops, January 1. 

The battle of the Cowpens, South Carolina, January 17. 

The revolt of New Jersey troops, January 18. 

Arnold's depredation in Virginia, January. 

Cornwallis's pursuit of Morgan and Greene, January, Feb- 
ruary. 

The battle of Guilford Court-IIouse, North Carolina, 
March 15, 



94 UNITED STATES HISTCEY. 

1781 Articles of Confederation ratified by the States. 

The battle of Hobkirk Hill, South Carolina, April 25. 
Siege of Ninety-Six by General Greene, May, June. 
The battle of Ninety-Six, South Carolina, June 18. 
Colonel Havne executed by the British, at Charleston, 

July 31. 
Arnold's expedition against Connecticut, September. 
The battle of Fort Griswold, Connecticut, September 6. 
The battle of Eutaw Springs, South Carolina, September 8. 
The siege of Yorktown, Virginia, October. 
The surrender of Cornwallis, at Yorktown, October 19. 

1782 Preliminary articles of peace signed at Paris, November 30. 

1783 Cessation of hostilities proclaimed in the American army, 

April 19. 

Savannah, Georgia, evacuated by the British, July 11. 

Definitive treaty of peace signed at Paris, September 3. 

American armv disbanded by orders of Congress, Novem- 
ber 3. 

New York evacuated by the British, November 25. 

Charleston, South Carolina, evacuated by the British, 
December 14. 

Washington resigns his commission, December 23. 
1785 John Adams, ambassador to England. 

1787 Shay's Eebellion, in Massachusetts. 

Constitution of the United States agreed on by the con- 
vention of delegates at Philadelphia, September 17. 
Cotton introduced into Georgia. 

1788 Katification of Constitution by all States except Rhode 

Island and North Carolina. 

1789 The first Congress under the Constitution met at New 

York, March 4. 
"Washington inaugurated President of the* United States, 
April 30. 

1790 Harmar defeated by the Indians, in Indiana, October 17, 

22. 

1791 United States bank established at Philadelphia. 
Vermont admitted into the Union, March 4. 

St. Clair defeated by the Indians, in Ohio, November 4. 

1792 Kentucky admitted into the Union, June 1. 

1793 The difficulties with France. 

1794 Wayne defeated by the Indians, on the Maumee, August 

20. 
" Whisky Insurrection " in Pennsylvania. 

1795 "Jay's Treaty" with Great Britain ratified, June 24. 
Treaties with the Western Indians, Spain and Algiers. 

1796 Tennessee admitted into the Union, June 1. 

1797 John Adams inaugurated President of the United States, 

March 4. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 95 

1799 The death of Washington, December 14. 

1800 The seat of government removed to Washington. 
Treaty of peace concluded with France, September 30. 

1801 Thomas Jefferson inaugurated President, March 4. 

War declared against the United States by Tripoli, June 
10. 

1802 Ohio admitted into the Union, I*^ovember 29. 

1803 Louisiana purchased of France, April 30. 
Commodore Preble sent against Tripoli. 

1804 The frigate Philadelphia destroyed by Decatur, February 

15. ' ' 

The duel between Hamilton and Burr, July 11. 

1805 Derne, a Tripolitan city, captured by Eaton, April 27. 
Treaty of peace concluded with Tripoli, June 3. 

180G British blockade from the Elbe to Brest declared, May IG. 

Bonaparte issued his "Berlin Decree" November 21. 
1807 British "Orders in Council" prohibited coast trade with 
France, January 7. 
American frigate Chesapeake attacked by the Leopard, 

June 22. 
British armed vessels ordered to leave the United States, 

.July. 
British "Orders in Council" prohibited all trade with 

France and her allies, November 11. 
Aaron Burr tried for treason, and acquitted, September. 
Bonaparte issued his "Milan Decree," December 17. 
Embargo on American ships laid by Congress, December 
22. 
1809 Commerce with Britain and France interdicted by Con- 
gress, March 1. 
James Madison inaugurated President, March 4. 

1811 Action between the frigate President and Little Belt, 

May 16. 
Battle of Tippecanoe, Indiana, November 7. 

1812 Louisiana admitted into the Union, April 8. 

War against Great Britain proclaimed by the United 

States, June 19. 
Invasion of Canada by General Hull, July 12. 
Surrender of Fort Mackinaw, ]\[ichigan, July 17. 
The first battle of Brownstown, Michigan, August 5. 
The second battle of Brownstown, August 9. 
Surrender of Detroit, Michigan, by General Hull, August 

16. 
British sloop Alert taken by the frigate Essex, August 13. 
British frigate Guerriere taken by the Constitution, 

August 19. 
The battle of Queenstown, Canada, October 13. 
British brig Frolic taken by the Wasp, October 18. 



96 UNITED STATES HISTOKY. 

1812 British frigate Macedonian taken by the United States, 

October 25. 
British frigate Java taken by the Constitution, December 
29. 

1813 The battle of Frenchtown, Michigan, January 22. 
British brig Peacock taken by the Hornet, February 24. 
Madison commenced a second presidential term, March 4. 
The battle of York, Canada, April 27. 

Fort Meigs, on the Manmee, besieged by Proctor, May 1. 
The battle of Fort Meigs, Ohio, May 5. 
Fort George, Canada, taken by the Americans, May 27. 
The battle of Sackett's Harbor, New York, May 29. 
American frigate Chesapeake taken by the Shannon, 

June 1. 
The battle of Fort Stephenson, Ohio, August 2. 
American brig Argus taken by the Pelican, August 14. 
Creek War commenced by the massacre at Fort Mims, 

August 30. 
British brig Boxer taken by the Enterprise, September 5. 
Perry's victory on Lake Erie, September 10. 
The battle of the Thames, Canada, October 5. 
The battle of Chrysler's Field, Canada, Novembej: 11. 

1814 The battle of Tohopeka, the last of the Creek War, 

March 27. 
American frigate Essex taken by the Phcebe and Cherub, 

March 28. 
The battle of La Colle Mill, Canada, March 30. 
British brig Epervier taken by the Peacock, April 29. 
British sloop Eeindeer taken by the American sloop Wasp, 

June 28. 
Fort Erie captured by the Americans, July 3. 
The battle of Chippewa, Canada, July 5. 
The battle of Lundy's Lane, or Bridgewater, Canada, 

July 25. 
The first battle of Fort Erie, Canada, August 15. 
The battle of Bladensburg, Maryland, August 24. . 
The city of Washington taken by the British, August 24. 
British sloop Avon taken by the American sloop Wasp, 

September 1. 
McDonough's victory on Lake Champlain, September 11, 
The battle of Plattsburg, New York, September 11. 
The battle of North Point, Maryland, September 12. 
The battle of Fort McHenry, Maryland, September 13. 
The battle of Fort Bowyer, Alabama, September 15. 
The second battle of Fort Erie, Canada, September 17. 
The British driven from Pensacola by General Jackson, 

November 7. 
The battle on Lake Borgne, Louisiana, December 14. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 97 

1814 Hartford Convention, December. 

The battle nine miles from New Orleans, December 23. 
Treaty of peace between the United States and Great 
Britain, December 24. 

1815 The battle of New Orleans, January 8. 

American frigate President captured by a British squadron, 
January 15. 

The Cyanne and Levant taken by the Constitution, Feb- 
ruary 20. 

The British brig Penguin taken by the Hornet, March 23. 

War with Algiers declared by Congress, March. 

Commodore Decatur sent against Algiers, May. 

1816 Bank of United States re-chartered for twenty years, 

April 10. 
Indiana admitted into the Union, December 11. 

1817 James Monroe inaugurated President, March 4. 
Mississippi admitted into the Union, December 10. 
The Seminoles and Creeks commenced depradations. 

1818 General Jackson went against the hostile Indians, March. 
Pensacola seized by General Jackson, May 24. 

Illinois admitted into the Union December 3. 

1819 Alabama admitted into the Union, December 14. 

1820 Maine admitted into the Union, March 15. 

Florida ceded to the United States by Spain, October. 

1821 Missouri admitted into the Union, August 10. 

1824 Lafayette visited the United States, August. 

1825 John Quincy Adams inaugurated President, March 4. 

1826 Death of the two ex-presidents, Adams and Jefferson, 

July 4. 
1829 Andrew Jackson inaugurated President, March 4. 

1831 Death of ex-president Monroe, July 4. 

1832 "The Black Hawk War.'' 

"Nullification'" in South Carolina. 
1833. Eemoval of the government funds from the United States 
Bank, October. 

1835 War with the Seminoles commenced. 

General Thompson and friends massacred by the Seminoles, 
December 28. 

Major Dade and party massacred by the Seminoles, De- 
cember 28. 

1836 Arkansas admitted into the Union, June 15. 

1837 Michigan admitted into the Union, January 26. 
Martin A^an Buren inaugurated President, March 4. 
The battle of Okechobee, Florida, December 25. 

1841 William Henry Harrison inaugurated President, March 4. 

Death of William Henry Harrison, April 4. 
John Tyler inaugurated President, April 6. 

1842 The war with the Seminoles terminated. 



98 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

1842 The ''Dorr Kebellion^' in Rhode Island. 

1845 Joint resohitions for the annexation of Texas signed, 

March 1. 
James K. Polk inaugurated Pl-esident, March 4. 
Florida admitted into the Union, March 3. 
Texas admitted into the Union, December 29. 

1846 Thornton's party captured by the Mexicans, Texas, April 26. 
Fort Brown bombarded by the Mexicans, May. 

The battle of Palo Alto, Texas, May 8. 

The battle of Resaca de la Palma, Texas, May 9. 

Congress declared ''war existed by the act of Mexico,"' 

May 11. 
Taylor crossed the Rio Grande and took Matamoras, May 18. 
Monterey, Mexico, surrendered to General Taylor, Sept- 

tember 24. 
The battle of Bracito, Mexico, December 25. 
Iowa admitted to the Union, December 28. 

1847 The battle of Buena Vista, Mexico, February 23. 
The battle of Sacramento, Mexico, February 28. 

The surrender of Vera Cruz to General Scott, March 27. 

The battle of Cerro Gordo, Mexico, April 18. 

The battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mexico, Au- 
gust 20. 

The battle of Molina del Rey, Mexico, September 8. 

The battle of Chapultepec, Mexico, September 13. 

The city of Mexico entered by the Americans, under Scott, 
September 14. 

The battle of Huamantla, Mexico, October 9. 

1848 Treaty of peace signed at Gaudaloupe, Hidalgo, February 2. 
Wisconsin admitted into the Union, May 29. 

1849 Zachary Taylor inaugurated President, March 5. 

1850 The death of President Taylor, July 9. 
Millard Fillmore inaugurated President, July 10. 
California admitted into the Union, September 9. 

1853 Franklin Pierce inaugurated President, March 4. 

1854 "Kansas Nebraska Bill'' passed, June. 

1857 James Buchanan inaugurated President, March 4. 

1858 Minnesota admitted into the Union, May 11. 

1859 Oregon admitted into the Union, February 14. 
John Brown's raid into Virginia, October 16. 

1860 Secession ordinance passed by South Carolina, December 

20. 

1861 Secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, 

Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas and North Caro- 
lina declared. 

Steamer Star of the West, off Charleston, fired into, Jan- 
uary 9. 

Kansas admitted into the Union, January 29. 



UNITED STATES HISTORY. 99 

1861 *' Southern Confederacy" formed at Montgomery, Ala- 

bama, February 4. 

Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of the Confederacy, 
February 18. 

Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President of the United 
States, March 1. 

Fort Sumter attacked by the Confederates, April 12, 13. 

President Lincoln calls "for 75,000 troops, April 15. 

Volunteer troops attacked in Baltimore, April 19. 

The President issues a second call for troops. May 4. 

Confederate victory at Big Bethel, Virginia, June 1(>. 

Union victory at Eomney, Virginia, June 11. 

Union victory at Booneville, Missouri, June 17. 

Meeting of Congress in extra session, July 4. 

Battle of Carthage, Missouri, July 5. 

Battle of Eich Mountain, Virginia, July 11. 

Battle near Centreville, Virginia, July 18. 

Confederate Congress meets at Richmond, July 20. 

Battle of Bull Run, Virginia, July 21. 

Battle of Dug Spring, Missouri, August 2. 

Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, August 10. 

Forts Hatteras and Clark, North Carolina, captured, 
August 29. 

Confederates take Lexington, Missouri, September 20. 

Battle of Edwards' Ferry, or Ball's Bluff, Virginia, Oc- 
tober 21. 

Capture of Port Royal, entrance by Union fleet, Novem- 
ber 7. 

Battle of Belmont, Missouri, November 7. 

Mason and Slidell taken from English steamer, Novem- 
ber 8. 

1862 Battle of Mill Spring, Kentucky, January 19. 
Fort Henry captured by L^nion fleet, February 6. 
Roanoke Island captured by Union forces, February 8. 
Fort Donelson captured by Union forces, February 16. 
Battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas, March 6, 8. 

United States vessels Congress and Cumberland sunk by 

the Merrimac, March 8. 
Engagement between the Monitor and Merrimac, March 9. 
Newborn, North Carolina, captured by Union troops, 

March 14. 
Battle at Winchester, Virginia, March 23. 
Battle of Pittsburg Landing, or Shiloh, Tennessee, April 

6, 7. 
Capture of Island No. 10, Misssissippi river, April 7. 
Fort Pulaski, Georgia, cai)tured by Union fleet, April 11. 
New Orleans captured by Union forces, April 25. 
Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia, May 5. 



100 UNITED STATES HISTOEY. 

1862 Norfolk, Virginia, surrendered to the Unionists, May 10, 

Confederates retreat from Corinth, Mississippi, May 28, 
29. 

Battle of Seven Pines, or Fair Oaks, May 31, June 1. 

Mempliis, Tennessee, surrendered to the Unionists, June 6. 

Seven days' contest on the Virginia peninsula, June 25 ta 
Julv 1. 

The President calls for 300,000 more troops, July 1. 

Battle of Cedar Mountain, Virginia, August 9. 

Pope's battles between Manassas and Washington, August 
23-30. 

Battle near Richmond, Kentucky, August 30. 

Invasion of ilaryland by Lee's army, September 5. 

Battle of South Mountain, Maryland, September 14. 

Harper's Ferry surrendered to the Confederates, Septem- 
ber 15. 

Battle of Antietam, Maryland, September 17. 

Battle of Munfordsville, Kentucky, Septembsr 17. 

Battle of luka, Mississippi, September 19. 

Battle of Corinth, Mississippi, October 4. 

Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, October 8. 

Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 13. 

Union repulse at Vicksburg, Mississippi, December 29. 

Battle of Stone River, or Murfreesboro', Tennessee, De- 
cember 31. 
1803 The President's Emancipation Proclamation issued, Janu- 
ary 1. 

Battle of Murfreesboro' resumed and ended, January 2. 

Arkansas Post captured by Union forces, January 11. 

Bombardment of Fort Sumter, South Carolina, April 7. 

Union cavalry raid, under Grierson, in Mississippi, April. 

Battle at Port Gibson, Mississippi, May 1. 

Battle of Chancellorsville, Virgmia, May 2, 3. 

Battle of Raymond, Mississijipi, May 12. 

Union victory near Jackson, Mississippi, May 14. 

Battle of Champion Hill, Mississippi; Montana organized. 
May 16. 

Battle at Big Black River, Mississippi, May 17. 

Second invasion of Maryland by Lee's army, June. 

West Virginia admitted into the Union, June 20. 

Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1, 3. 

Vicksburg surrendered by the Confederates, July 4. 

Port Hudson surrendered by the Confederates, July 8. 

Great riot in New York, July 13, 16. 

Morgan defeated near Kyger's Creek, Ohio, July 21. 

Morgan captured near New Lisbon, Ohio, July 26, 

Fort Wagner, South Carolina, captured by Union troops, 
September 6. 



IJlSriTED STATES HISTORY. 101 

1863 Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia, September 19, 20. 
Knoxville, Tennessee, invested by the Confederates, No- 
vember 18. 

Union victory at Lookout Mountain, Georgia, November 

24. 
Union victory at Missionary Ridge, Georgia, Xovember 25. 
Union victory at Knoxville, Kentucky, November 29. 

1864 The President orders a draft for more men, February 1. 
Battle of Olustee, Florida, February 20. 

Grant created Lieutenant-General, March 3. 

Fort De Eussy, Louisiana, captured by Union troops, 

March 14. 
Battle of Cane River, Louisiana, March 26. 
Battle of Mansfield, or Sabine Cross Roads, Louisiana, 

April 8. 
Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, April 9. 
Fort Pillow, Tennessee, captured by the Confederates, 

April 12. 
Plymouth, North Carolina, surrendered to the Confeder- 
ates, April 20. 
Army of the Potomac commenced a forward movement. 

May 3. 
Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia, May 5, 7. 
March from Chattanooga agaiust Atlanta commenced, 

May 8. 
Battles near Spottsylvania Court-house, Virginia, May 

7, 12. 
Battle of Resaca, Georgia, May 15, 
Battle of Newmarket, Virginia, May 15. 
Army of the Potomac crossed to south side of the James, 

June 14. 
Battle between the Kearsarge and Alabama, June 19. 
Invasion of Maryland by Early's army, July 5. 
Batttle of Monocacy, Maryland, July 9. 
The President calls for five hundred thousand volunteers, 

July 18. 
Battles before Atlanta, Georgia, July 20, 22, 28. 
Cliambersburg, Pennsylvania, sacked and burned, July 30. 
Explosion of mine and Union repulse at Petersburg, July 

30. 
Confederates defeated in Mobile Bay, Alabama, August 5. 
Weldon railroad seized by Union troops, August 18. 
Atlanta, Georgia, captured by Union army, September 2. 
Battle of Winchester, Virginia, September 19. 
Battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia, September 22. 
Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, October 19. 
Oonfederate ram Albemarle" destroyed by torpedo, October 

28. 



102 UNITED STATES HISTORY. 

1864 Plymouth, North Carolina, recaptured by Union troops, 

October 31. 
Nevada admitted into the Union, October 31. 
Battle of Franklin, Tennessee, November 30. 
Battle near Nashville, Tennessee, December IG. 
Savannah, Georgia, captured by Union army, December 

21. 

1865 Fort Fisher, North Carolina, captured January 15. 
Constitutional Amendment abolishing slavery, January 31. 
Columbia, South Carolina, captured February 17. 
Charleston, South Carolina, captured by Union troops, 

February 18. 
Wilmington, North Carolina, captured by Union troops, 

February 22. 
• Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina, March 19, 20. 
Battle near Groldsboro', North Carolina, March 21. 
Battle of Fort Steadman, Virginia, March 25. 
Petersburg and Eichmond captured, April 3. 
Surrender of Lee's army, April 9. 
Mobile, Alabama, captured by Union forces, April 13. 
President Lincoln assassinated, April 14. 
Andrew Johnson inaugurated President, April 15. 
Surrender of Johnston's army, April 26. 
Jefferson Davis captured in Georgia, May 10. 
Close of the Great Rebellion; last battle at mouth of Rio 

Grande, May 12, 13. 
Slavery declared abolished, December 18. 

1867 Nebraska admitted into the Union, March 1. 

Alaska purchased from Russia for ^7,200,000, June 20. 

1868 The House of Representatives impeached President John- 

son, February 24. 
The President was declared acquitted, April 26. 

1869 Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated President, March 4. 
1871 The "Alabama Treaty" was concluded. May 8. 

The great fire of Chicago occurred, October 8, 10. 

1876 The Centennial Anniversary of American Independence. 
The '^ World's Fair" in Philadelphia, May 10 to Nov. 10. 
Colorado admitted into the Union, August 1. 

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated President, March 5. 

1881 James A. Garfield inaugurated President, j\Iarch 4. 
James A. Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau, at Wash- 
ington, July 2. 

James A. Garfield died at Long Branch, September 19. 
Chester A. Arthur inaugurated President, September 20. 

1882 The Two Cents Postage Bill introduced, December 8. 

1883 Centennial of the evacuation of New York by the British, 

November 26. 



POLITICAL AND MILITARY HISTORY OF ILLmOIS 



PART II. 



CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

rj^lHE foundation of the government of the northwest was 
I laid in 178Y, when General Arthur St. Clair, a soldier 
of the revolution, was appointed governor. In 1799 Gen- 
eral "Wm. H. Harrison was elected delegate to Congress by 
the first legislature, which assembled September 20, and closed 
December 19, 1799. Under the act of May 7, ISOO, the ter- 
ritory of Indiana was formed. General W. H. Harrison was 
appointed governor. In February, 1809 Indiana Territory was 
divided — Illinois being formed on the west, and Kaskaskir 
named the capital of the Territory of Illinois. John Bojde, 
of Kentucky, was offered the governorship, which offer he 
declined, when Mnian Edwards was appointed. Governor 
Edwards held the Executive Chair up to 1818, when the 
State government was organized. The names of the princi- 
pal officers of State since 1818, together with the names of 
Representatives in Congress are given in the following pages: 
Shadrach Bond was the first Governor of Illinois. He was 
a native of Maryland and born in 1773; was raised on a 
farm; received a common English education, and came to 
Illinois in 1794.. He served as a delegate in Congress fror.i 
1811 to 1815, where he procured the right of pre-emption of 
public land. He was elected Governor in 1818; was beaten 
for Congress in 1824 by Daniel P. Cook. He died at Ivas- 
kaskia, April 11, 1830. Edward Coles was born December 
15, 1786, in Virginia. His father was a slave-holder; gave 
his son a collegiate education, and left to him a large num- 
ber of slaves. These he liberated, giving each head of a 
family one hundred and sixty acres of land and a considera- 
ble sum of money. He was President Madison's private 
secretary. He came to Illinois in 1819, was elected Gov- 
ernor in 1822, on the anti-slavery ticket; moved to Phila- 
delphia in 1833, and died in 1868. Ninian Edwards. — In 
1809, on the formation of the Territory of Illinois, Mr. 
103 



104 CHEONOLOCtY and statistics of ILLINOIS. 

Edwards was ajDpointed Governor, which position he re- 
tained until the organization of the State, when he was sent 
to the United States Senate. He was elected Governor in 
1826. He was a native of Maryland and born in 1YY5; 
received a collegiate education; was Chief Justice of Ken- 
tucky, and a Republican in politics. John Reynolds was 
born in Pennsylvania in 1788, and came with his parents 
to Illinois in 1800, and in 1830 was elected Governor on 
the Democratic ticket, and afterward served three terms 
in Congress. He received a classical education, yet was 
not polished. He was an ultra Democrat; attended the 
Charleston Convention in 1860, and urged the seizure of 
United States arsenals by the South. He died in 1865 at 
Belleville, childless. Joseph Duncan. — In 1831 Joseph Dun- 
can was elected Governor by the Whigs, although formerly 
a Democrat. He had previously served four terms in Con- 
gress. He was born in Kentucky in 1794; had but a limited 
education; served with distinction in the war of 1812; con- 
ducted the campaign of 1832 against Black Hawk. He 
came to Ilhnois when quite young. Thomas Carlin was 
elected as a Democrat in 1838. He had but a meager educa- 
tion; held many minor offices, and was active both in the 
war of 1812 and the Black Hawk war. He was born in 
Kentucky in 1789; came to Illinois in 1812, and died at 
Carrollton, February 14, 1852, Thomas Ford was born in 
Pennsylvania in the 3'^ear 1800; was brought by his widowed 
mother to Missouri in 1804, and shortly afterward to Illi- 
nois. He received a good education, studied law; was 
elected four times Judge, twice as Circuit Judge, Judge of 
Chicago and Judge of Supreme Court. He was elected 
Governor by the Democratic party in 1842; wrote his his- 
tory of Illinois in 1847 and died in 1850. Augustus C. 
French was born in 'New Hampshire in 1808, was admitted 
to the bar in 1831, and shortly afterward moved to Illinois 
when in 1846 he was elected Governor. On the adoption 
of the Constitution of 1848 he was again chosen, serving 
until 1853. He was a Democrat in politics. 

Joel A. Matteson was born in Jefferson county, JSTew 
York, in 1808. His father was a farmer, and gave his son 
only a common school education. Came to Will county in 
1836, where he first entered upon active life as a small trades- 
man, but subsequently became a large contractor and manu- 
facturer. He was a heavy contractor in building the canal. 
He was elected Governor in 1852 upon the Democratic ticket. 
His administration was sa7is rejyrocJie. William H. Bissell 



CHKONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 105 

was elected by the Eepublican party in 1856. He had pre- 
viously served tAvo terms in Congress; was Colonel in the 
Mexican war, and has held minor official positions. He was 
born in New York State in 1811 ; received a common educa- 
tion ; came to Illinois early in life and engaged in the med- 
ical profession. This he changed for the law, and became a 
noted orator and the standard-bearer of the Eepublican party 
in Illinois. He died in 1860, while Governor. Eichard 
Yates, " the war Governor of Illinois," was born in Warsaw, 
Ky., in 1818 ; came to Illinois in 1831 ; served two terms in 
Congress; in 1860 was elected Governor, and in 1865 United 
States Senator. He was a college graduate, and read law 
under J. J. Hardin. He ra])idly rose in his chosen profes- 
sion, and charmed the people with oratory. He filled the 
gubernatorial chair during the trying days of the rebellion, 
and by his energy and devotion won the title of " War Gov- 
ernor." He became addicted to strong drink, and died a 
drunkard. Eichard J. Oglesby was born in 1824, in Ken- 
tucky ; an orphan at the age of eight, came to Illinois when 
only twelve years old. He was apprenticed to learn the car- 
penter's trade ; worked some at farming and read law occa- 
sionally. He enlisted in the Mexican war, and was chosen 
first lieutenant. After his return, he again took up the law^, 
but during the gold fever of 1819 went to California ; soon 
returned, and, in 1852, entered upon his illustrious political 
career. He raised the second regiment in the State, to sup- 
press the rebellion, and for gallantry was promoted to Major 
General. In 1864 he was elected Governor, and re-elected 
in 1872, and resigned for a seat in the United States Senate. 
He is a staunch Eepublican, and resides at Decatur. Shelby 
M. CuUom was born in Kentucky in 1828 ; studied law, was 
admitted to the bar, and commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession in 1848; was elected to the State Legislature in 1856, 
and again in 1860. Served on the war commission at Cairo, 
1862, and was a member of the Thirty-ninth, Uortieth and 
Forty-first Congress, in all of Avhich he served with credit to 
his State. He was again elected to the State Legislature in 
1872, and re-elected in 1874; was elected Governor of lUi- 
nois in 1876, and re-elected in 1880. Lie was elected United 
States Senator, when Lieutenant-Governor John M. Hamil- 
ton assumed the executive chair. Pierre IMenard was the 
first Lieutenant-Governor of Uhnois. He was born in Que- 
bec, Canada, in 1767. He came to lUinois m 1700, where he 
engaged in the Indian trade and became wealthy. He 
died in 1844. Menard county was named in his honor. 



106 CHRONOLOGY AN;D STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

Adolphus r. Hubbard ^v^as elected Lieutenant-Governor in 
1822. Four years later he ran for Governor against Edwards, 
but was beaten. William Kinney was elected in 1826. He 
was a Baptist clergyman ; was born in Kentucky in 1781, 
and came to Illinois in 1793. Zadock Casey. — Although on 
the opposition ticket to Governor Reynolds, the successful 
gubernatorial candidate, yet Casey was elected Lieutenant- 
Governor in 1830. He subsequently served several terms in 
Congress. Alexander M. Jenkins was elected on the ticket 
with Governor Duncan in 1831 by a handsome majority. 
S. H. Anderson, Lieutenant-Governor under Governor Carlin, 
was chosen in 1838. He was a native of Tennessee. John 
Moore was born in England in 1793 ; came to Illinois in 
1830 ; was elected Lieutenant-Governor in 1842. He won 
the name of " Honest John Moore." Joseph B. Wells was 
chosen with Governor Frencli at his first election in 1816. 
William McMurtry of Knox county. — In 1848, when Gov- 
ernor French was'again chosen Governor, Wilham McMur- 
try, of Knox county, was elected Lieutenant-Governor. 
Gustavus P. Koerne/was elected in 1852. He was born in 
Germany in 1809. At the age of twenty-two came to Illi- 
nois. In 1872 he was a candidate for Governor on Liberal 
ticket, but was defeated. John Wood was elected in 1856, and 
on the death of Governor Bissell became Governor. Francis 
A. Hoffman was chosen with Governor Yates in 1860. He 
was born in Prussia in 1822, and came to Illinois in 1840. 
William Bross was born in New Jersey, came to Illinois in 
1848, was elected to office in 1864. John Dougherty was 
elected in 1868. John L. Beveridge was chosen Lieutenant- 
Governor in 1872. In 1873, Oglesby was elected to the 
United States Senate when Beveridge became Governor. 
Andrew Shuman was elected November 7, 1876. John M. 
Hamilton was elected Lieutenant-Governor in 1880, and is 
now serving as Governor, vice Governor CuUom elected 
United States Senator. 

Su]?erintendents of Public Instruction. 

Ninian W. Edwards 1854-56 Samuel M. Etter 1876 

W. H. Powell 1857-58 James P. Slade 1878-84 

Newton Bateman 1859-75 

Attorneys General. 

Daniel P. Cook 1819 Niuian E. Edwards 1834-35 

William Mears 1820 Jesse B. Thomas, Jr 1835 

Samuel D. Lockwood 1831-22 Walter B. Scates 1836 

James Turney 1823-28 Asher F. Linder 1837 

George Forquer 1829-32 Geora;e W. Olney 1838 

James Semple 1833-34 WicklifEe Kitchell 1889 



CHROXOIXGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 107 

Josiah Lamborn 1841-43 Robert G. Ingersoll 1857-68 

James A. McDoui2;all 1843-46 Washington Bushnell 1869-73 

David B. Campbell 1846 James K. Edsall 1873-80 

[Office abolished and re-crea- James McCartney, elected . . 1880 
ted in 1867.] 

Treasurers. 

John Thomas 1818-19 William Butler 1861-63 

R. K. IMcLaughlin 1819-33 Alexander Starne 1863-64 

Ebner Field 1833-36 James H. Beveridge 1865-66 

James Hall 1837-30 George W. Smith 1867-68 

John Dement 1831-86 Erastus N. Bates 1869-73 

Charles Gregory 1836 Edward Rutz 1873-75 

John D. Whiteside 1837-40 Thomas S. Ridgeway 1876-77 

M. Carpenter 1841-48 Edward Rutz 1878-79 

John Moore 1848-56 John C. Smith, elected 1879 

James Miller 1857-60 Edward Rutz, elected 1880 

Secretaries of State. 

Elias K. Kane 1818-33 Horace S. Cooley 1846-49 

Samuel D. Lockwood 1833-33 David L. Gregg 1850-53 

David Blackwell 1833-34 Alexander Starne 1858-56 

Morris Birbeck 1834 Ozias :\r. Hatch 1857-64 

George Forquer 1835-38 Sharon Tyndale 1865-68 

Alexander P. Field 1839-4 Edward Rummol 1869-73 

Stephen A. Douglas 1840 George H. Harlow 1878-81 

Lyman Trumbull 1841-43 Henry D. Dement, elected . . 1880 

Thompson Campbel 1843-46 

A'^iditors. 

Elijah C. Berry 1818-31 Jesse K. Dubois 1857-64 

I. t. B. Stapp 1881-35 Orlin H. Miner 1865-68 

Levi Davis. 1885-40 Charles E. Lippincolt 1869-76 

James Shields 1841-43 Thompson B. Needles 1877-80 

W. L. D. Ewimr 1843-45 Chas. P. Swigert, elected. . . 1880 

Thompson Campbell 1846 

United States Senators. — Ninian Edwards. — On the or- 
ganization of the State in 1818, Edwards, the popular Territo- 
rial Governor, was chosen Senator for the short term, and 
in 1819, re-elected for full term. Jesse B. Thomas one of the 
Federal judges during the entire Territorial existence was 
chosen Senator on organization of the State, and re-elected 
in 1823, and served till 1829. John McLean.— In 1821, Ed- 
wards resigned, and McLean was elected to fill his unexpired 
term. He was born in North Carolina in 1791, and came to 
Illinois in 1815 ; served one term in Congress, and in 1829 
was elected to the Fnited States Senate, but the following- 
year died. He is said to have been the most gifted man of 
his period in Illinois. Elias Ivent Kane was elected Novem- 
ber 30, 1821, for the term beginning March 4, 1825. In 1830, 
he was re-elected, but died before tlie expiration of his term. 
He was a native of New York, and in 1811 came to Illinois. 
He was first Secretary of State, and afterward State Senator, 



108 CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

David Jewett Baker was appointed to fill the unexpired 
term of John McLean, November 12, 1830, but the Legis- 
lature refused to endorse the choice. Baker was a native of 
Connecticut, born in 1792, and died in Alton in 1869. John 
M. Robinson. — Instead of Baker, the Governor's appointee, 
the Legislature chose Robinson, and in 1834 he was re-elected. 
In 1843, was elected Supreme Judge of the State, but within 
two months died. He was a native of Kentucky, and came 
to Illinois while quite young. William L. D Ewing was 
elected in 1835, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death 
of Kane. He was a Kentuckian. Ricliard M. Young was 
elected in 1830, and held his seat from March 4, 183Y, to 
March 4, 1843, a full term. He was a native of Kentucky; 
was Circuit Judge before his election to the Senate, and 
Supreme Judge in 1842. He died in an insane asylum at 
Washington. Samuel McRoberts the first native Illinoisian 
ever elevated to the high office of United States Senator 
from this State, was born in 1799, and died in 1843 on his 
return home from Washington. He was elected Circuit 
Judge in 1824, and March 4, 1841, took his seat in the United 
States Senate. Sidney Breese was elected to the United 
States Senate December 17, 1842, and served a full term. 
He was born in Oneida county, New York. He was major 
in the Blackhawk war; Circuit Judge, and in 1841, was 
elected Supreme Judge. He served a full term in the United 
States Senate, beginning March 4, 1843, after which he was 
elected to the Legislature, again Circuit Judge, and in 1857, 
to the Supreme Court, which position he held until his death 
in 1878. James Semple was the successor of Samuel Mc- 
Roberts, and was appointed by Governor Ford in 1843. He 
was afterward elected Judge of the Supreme Court. Stephen 
A. Douglas was elected December 14, 1846, He had pre- 
viously served three terms as Congressman. He became 
his own successor in 1853, and again in 1859. From his 
first entrance in the Senate he was acknowledged the peer 
of Clay, Webster and Callioun, with whom he served his 
first term. His famous contest with Abraham Lincoln for 
the Senate in 1858, is the most memorable in the annals of 
our country. It was called the battle of the giants, and 
resulted in Douglas' election to the Senate, and Lincoln to 
the Presidency. He was born in Brandon, Yermont, April 
23, 1813, and came to Illinois in 1833, and died in 1861. He 
was appointed Secretary of State by Governor Carlin in 
1840, and shortly afterward to the Supreme Bench. James 
Shields was elected and assumed his seat in the United States 



CHKONOLOGT AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 109 

Senate, March 4, 1849. He was born in Ireland in 1810, 
came to the United States in 1827. He served in the Mexi- 
can army, was elected Senator from Wisconsin, and in 1879 
from Missouri for a short term. His death a few years ago 
was mourned by thousands. Lyman Trumbull took his seat 
in the United States Senate March 4, 1855, and became his 
own successor in 1861. He had previously served one term 
in the Lower House of Congress, and served on the Supreme 
Bench. He was born in Conneecticut ; studied law and 
came to Illinois early in life, Avhere for years he was actively 
engaged in politics. He resides in Chicago. OrviU H. 
Browning was appointed United States Senator in 1861, to 
fiU the seat made vacant by the death of Stephen A. Doug- 
las, until a Senator could be regularly elected. Mr. Brow^n- 
ing was born in Harrison county, Kentucky ; was admitted 
to the bar in 1831, and settled in Quincy, ininois, where he 
engaged in the practice of law, and was instrumental, with 
his friend Abraham Lincoln, in forming the Eepublican 
party of Illinois at the Bloomington Convention. He entered 
Johnson's cabinet as Secretary of the Interior, and in March, 
1868, was designated by the President to perform the duties 
of Attorney General, in addition to his own, as Secretary of 
the Interior Department. William A. Richardson was 
elected to the United States Senate in 1863, to fill the unex- 
pired term of his friend, Stephen A. Douglas. He was born 
in Fayette county, Kentucky, about 1810, studied law, and 
settled in Illinois ; served as captain in the Mexican war, and 
on the battle field of Buena Yista, was promoted for bravery 
by a unanimous vote of his regiment. He served in the 
Lower House of Congress from 1847 to 1856, continually. 
Eichard Yates was elected to the United States Senate in 
1865, serving a full term of six years. He died in St. Louis, 
Missouri, November 27, 1873. John A. Logan was elected 
to the United States Senate in 1871. He was born in Jack- 
son county, lUinois, February 9, 1826, received a common 
school education, and enlisted as a private in the Mexican 
w^ar, where he rose to the rank of Regimental Quartermas- 
ter. On returning home, he studied law, and came to the 
bar in 1852; was elected in 1858 a Representative to the 
Thirty-sixth Congress and re-elected to the Thirty-seventh 
Congress, resigning in 1861 to take part in the suppression 
of the Rebellion ; served as Colonel and subsequently as a 
Major-General, and commanded, with distinction, the armies 
of the Tennessee. He was again elected to the United 
States Senate in 1879 for six years. David Davis was 



110* CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

elected to the United States Senate in 187Y for a term of six 
years. He was born in Cecil county, Maiyland, March 9, 
1815, graduated at Kenyon College, Ohio, studied law, and 
removed to Illinois in 1835; was admitted to the bar and 
settled in Bloomington, where he has since resided and 
amassed a large fortune. He was for many years the inti- 
mate friend and associate of Abraham Lincoln, rode the 
circuit with him each year, and after Lincoln's election to 
the Presidency, was appointed by him to fill the position of 
Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States. Shelby 
M. CuUum was elected United States Senator while holding 
the office of Governor. 

Rejyresentatives in Congress. — John McLean, in 15th Con- 
gress, 1818 ; Daniel P. Cook, in IGth, 17th, 18th and 19th, 
1819 to 1826 ; Joseph Duncan, in 20th, 21st, 22d and 23d, 
1827 to 1831 ; Zadock Casey, in 23d Congress, 1833-1834. 

^^/A.— Zadock Casey, John Eeynolds, William L. May, 
1835-36. 

25tli. — Zadock Casey, John Reynolds, William L. May, 
1837-38. 

^6'^A.— Zadock Casey, John Eeynolds, John T. Stuart, 1839- 
40. 

^7/A.— Zadock Casey, John Reynolds, John T. Stuart, 1841- 
42. 

28tli. — Robert Smith, Orlando B. Finklin, Stephen A. Doug- 
las, John A. McClernand, Joseph P. Hoge, John J. Hardin, 
John Wentworth, 1843-44. 

5.9/A.— Robert Smith, Stephen A. Douglas, Orlando B. Fink- 
lin, John J. Hardin. Joseph P. Hoge, John A. McClernand, 
John Wentworth, 1845-4G. 

SOtli. — John Wentworth, Thomas J. Turner, Abraham Lin- 
coln, John A. McClernand, Orlando B. Finklin, Robert Smith, 
William A. Richardson, 1847-48. 

Slst. — John A. McClernand, John Wentworth, Timothy R. 
Young, William A. Richardson, Edward D. Baker, William H. 
Bissell, Thomas L. Harris, 1849-50. 

S2d. — William A, Richardson, Thompson Campbell, Orlando 
B. Finklin, John Wentworth, Richard Yates, Richard S. Ma- 

loney, Willis, William H. Bissell, 1851-52. 

55^?. —William H. Bissell, John C. Allen, 

Willis, Elihu B. Washburne, Richard Yates, Thompson Camp- 
bell, James Knox, Jesse 0. Norton, William A. Richardson, 
1853-54. 

SJfth. — Elihu B. Washburne, Lyman Trumbull, James H. 
AYoodworth, James Knox, Thompson Campbell, Samuel S. 



CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. Ill 

Marshall, J. L. D. Morrison, Jolm C. Allen, Jesse 0. Norton, 
William A. Richardson, 1855-56. 

S5t]i, — Elihu B. Washbin-ne, Charles D. Hodges, William 
Kellogg, Thompson Campbell, John F. Farnsworth, Owen 
Lovejoy, Samuel S. Marshall, Isaac N. Morris, Aaron Shaw, 
Robert Smith, Thomas L. Harris, 1857-58. 

56YA. — Elihu B. Washburne, John A. Logan, Owen Lovejoy, 
John A, McClernand, Isaac N. Morris, John F. Farnsworth, 
Philip B. Fouke, Thomas L. Harris, William Kellogg, James 
C. Robinson, 1859-00. 

37th. — Elihu B. Washburne, James C. Robinson, John A. 
Logan, Owen Lovejoy, John A. McClernand, Isaac X. Arnold, 
Philip B. Fouke, AVilliam Kellogg, Anthony L. Knapp, William 
A. Richardson, 1861-G2. 

SStJi. — Elihu B. Washburn, Jesse 0. Norton, James C. Rob- 
inson, William J. Allen, Isaac N. Arnold, John R. Eden, Lewis 
W. Ross, John T. Stuart, Owen Lovejoy, William R. Morrison, 
John C. Allen, John F. Farnsworth, Charles AY. Morris, Eben 
C. Ingersoll, Anthony L. Knapp, 18G3-64. 

39t]i^ — Elihu B. Washburne, Anthony B. Thornton, John 
Wentworth, Abner C. Hardin, Eben C. Ingersoll, Barton C. 
Cook, Shelby M. Cullom, John F. Farnsworth, Jehu Baker, 
Henry P. H. Bromwell, Andrew Z. Kuykandall, Samuel S. 
Marshall, Samuel W. Moulton, Lewis W. Ross, 18C5-GG. 

JfOtli.—EAWiw B. AVashburne, Abner C. Hardin, Eben C. 
Ingersoll, Norman B. Judd, Albert G. Burr, Burton C. Cook, 
Shelby M. Cullom, John F. Farnsworth, Jehu Baker, Henry P. 
H. Bromwell, John A. Logan, Samuel S. Marshall, Green B. 
Raum, Lewis W. Ross, 18G7-G8. 

Jflst. — Norman B. Judd, John P. Farnsworth, H. C. Burch- 
ard, John B. Hawley, Eben C. Ingersoll, Burton C. Cook, Jesse 
H. Moore, Shelby M. Cullom, Thomas AA^ McNeely, Albert G. 
Burr, Samuel S. Marshall, John B. Hay, John M. Crebs, John 

A. Logan, 1869-70. 

Jf^d. — Charles B, Farwell, John F. Farnsworth, Horatio C. 
Burchard, John B. Hawley, Bradford N. Stevens, Henry Snapp, 
Jesse H. Moore, James C. Robinson, Thomas W. McNeely, 
Edward Y. Rice, Samuel S. Marshall, John B. Hay, John M. 
Crebs, John L. Beveredge, 1871-72. 

JfSd. — John B. Rice, Jasper D. AVard, Charles B. Farwell, 
Stephen A. Hurlbut, Horatio C. Burchard, John B. Hawley, 
Franklin Corwin, Robert M. Knapp, James C. Robinson, John B. 
McNulta, Joseph G. Cannon, John R. Eden, James S. Martin, 
AVilliam R. Morrison, Greenbury L. Fort, Granville Barrere, 
William H. Ray, Isaac Clemens, Samuel S. Marshall, 1873-74. 

^Jfth. — Bernard G. Caul field. Carter H. Harrison, Charles 

B. Farwell, Stephen A. Hurlbut, Horatio C. Burchard, Thomas 
J. Henderson, Alexander Campbell, Greenbury L. Fort, Rich- 



112 CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

ard H. Whitin,^, John C. Bagby, Scott Wike, William M. 
Springer, Adlai E. Stevenson, Joseph G. Cannon, John R. Eden, 
W. A. J. Sparks, William R. Morrison, William Hartzell, Will- 
iam B. Anderson, 1875-76. 

4-5lJi. — William Aldrich, Carter H. Harrison, Lorenzo Bre- 
tano, William Lathro;>, Horatio C. Burchard, Thomas J. Hen- 
derson, Philip C. Hayes, Greenbury L. Eort, Thomas A. Boyd, 
Benjamin F. Marsh, Robert M. Knapp, William M. Springer, 
Thomas F. Tipton, Joseph G. Cannon, John R. Eden, W. A. 
J. Si)arks, William R. Morrison, William Hartzell, Richard W. 
Townshend. 1877-78. 

4.6 fJi. — William Aldrich, George R. Davis, Hiram Barber, 
Jr., John C. Sherwin, R. M. A. Hawk, Thomas J. Henderson, 
Philip C. Hayes, Greenbnry L. Fort. Thomas A. Boyd, Benjamin 
F. Marsh, James W. Singleton, William M. Springer, A. E. 
Stevenson, Joseph G. Cannon, Albert P. Forsythe, W. A. J. 
Sparks, William R. Morrison, John R. Thomas, R. W. Towns- 
hend, 1879-80. 

4.7fh. — William Aldrich, George R. Davis, Charles. B. Far- 
well, John C. Sherwin, R. M. A. Hawk, Thomas J. Henderson, 
William Cullen. Lewis E. Payson, John H, Lewis, Benjamin F. 
Marsh, James W. Singleton, AVilliam M. Springer, Detrich C. 
Smith, James G. Cannon, Samuel W. Moulton, W. A. J. Sparks, 
William R. Morrison, John R. Thomas, R. W. Townshend, 
1881-82. 

4-8th. — John F. Finnerty; Indeiaendent, R. W. Dunham, 
Republican; George R. Davis, Republican; George E. Adams, 
Republican; Reuben Elwood, Republican; Robert R. Hitt, Re- 
publican; William Cullen, Republican; Lewis 0. Payson, Re- 
publican; N. E. AVorthington, Democrat; AYilliam H. Neece, 
Democrat; James M. Riggs, Democrat; William M. Springer, 
Democrat; Jonathan H. Rowell, Democrat; Joseph G. Cannon, 
Republican; Aaron Shaw, Democrat; Samuel W. Moulton, 
Democrat; AVilliam R. Morrison, Democrat; R. AA^. Townshend, 
Democrat; William K, Murphy, Democrat, 1882-84. 

Judges of Supreme Court of Illinois. — Pinkney H. Walker, 
John M. Scott, Benjamin R. Sheldon, John M. Schofield, T. 
Lyle Dicket, John H. Mulkey— to hold office until 1888. 

Population. — In 1810, the population of the State was 
12,282 ; in 1820, 55,162 ; in 1830, 157,415 ; in 1810, 476,183 ; 
in 1850, 815,470; in 1860, 1,711,951; in 1870, 2,539,891; and 
in 1880, 3,078,769. The population of 1880 was made up of 
1,586,523 males and 1,491,348 females— 2,494,205 native, 
583,576 foreign; 3,031,151 AYhite, 46,368 Negroes, 209 
Chinese, 140 Indians and 3 Japanese. Of the number over 
ten years of age, 96,809 could not read and 145,397 could 
not write. 



CHEONOLOGT AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 



113 



Valuation and State Debt 1839-1883 :— The following 
tables showing the valuations of property for purposes of 
taxation in the State of Ilhnois, from 1839 to 1883 inclusive, 
and also the Pubhc Debt of the State for the same time, are 
given in accordance with the plan of this work. 



Year. 



1839.. 
1840. . 
1841.. 
1842. . 
1843. . 
1844.. 
1845 . 
1846. . 
1847. . 
1848. . 
1849. . 
1850. . 
1851.. 
1853. . 
1853. . 
1854. . 
1855. . 
1856. . , 
1857. . , 
1858. . , 
1859. . , 
1860... 
1861... 



Total 
Valuation. 



$58,889,525 

58,752,168 

70,166,053 

73,605,424 

73,416,800 

75,747,765 

82,337,105 

88,815,403 

92,306,493 

102,132,193 

105,433,753 

119,868,336 

137,818,079 

149,394,805 

335,159,633 

853,756,568 

336,186,334 

849,951,373 

407,477,367 

403,140,331 

366,702,043 

367,337,743 

330,833,479 



State Debt. 



$100,000 
10,630,000 
11,960.000 



12,733,000 
'13,500,666 



15,000,000 

'i5,5ob',666 



16,000,000 

'16,700,666 



15,190,000 
'l3,8'6'3',666 



11,804,000 
"16,300,666 



Year. 



1862. . 
1863.. 
1864. . 
1865. . 
1866. . 
1867. . 
1868. . 
1869. . 
1870. . 
1871.. 
1872. . 
1873.. 
1874. . 
1875. . 
1876. . 
1877. . 
1878. . 
1879. . 
1880. . 
1881.. 
1882*. 
1883*. 



Total 
Valuation. 



$312, 
331, 
356, 
393, 
410, 
504, 
474, 
489, 
480, 
505, 
510, 
1,355, 
1,194, 
1,085, 
1,001, 
931, 
857, 
784, 
786, 
799, 
809, 
817, 



934,349 
999,871 
877,837 
337,906 
795,876 
683,553 
480,877 
004,775 
664,058 
676,311 
886,683 
401,317 
456,451 
539,856 
133,110 
199,308 
235,762 
623,550 
616,394 
813,566 
995,895 
904,731 



State Debt. 



$13,380,000 

'l'l','l'7'8',666 

' '8,638', 666 
5,988,000 
5,124,995 
4,890,937 
1,893,496 
3,060,150 
1,706,750 
1,730,973 
1,480,582 
1,480,600 
1,442,464 
802,312 
527,759 



Up to 1850 onl}'^ the aggregate valuation in the several 
counties were reported to the State officers, and from 1852 
to 1857, inclusive, a few counties returned only the aggre- 
gates ; hence the details of real estate and personal property 
valuations are not complete for those years. In 1867 and 
1868 the details of valuation are not entirely correct, owing 
to changes by the operation of the equalization law ; since 
1868 the valuations are as equalized. The total valuations in 
each of the several years are entirely correct and official. 
The valuations for 1873 as equalized are largely in excess of 
any previous year. In 1871 some changes were made in the 
manner of equalizing the assessments, resulting in reducing 
all the valuations, but especially that of railroad property. 
A^aluations for 1881 are but little if anything over twenty- 
five per cent of the cash value of the real estate, and even 
less on personal propert}^ owned in the State. The State 

* Lands and lots. 

8 



114 CHKONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

Debt, as noted, represents it as it stood on the 1st of January 
in each of the several years to 1869 ; in 1869 and 1870, as it 
stood December 31; in 1871, as it stood December 31 ; from 
1872 to 1879, as it stood December 1, 1879. The indebted- 
ness of the one hundred and two counties composing the 
State is light. The counties of the State contributed for 
bridge and road tax the sum of about $8,000,000 during the 
liveN^ears ending December, 1883. For 1879, $1,259,851; 
for 1880, $1,359,817; for 1881, $1,420,979; and for 1882, 
$1,738,160. Cook county, not reported for 1883, is reported 
for each of the other years — ^AVithout this county the tax 
amounted to $2,150,687^18 in 1883. 

Education in Illinois. — From 1821 to 1869, Illinois re- 
ceived no less than $713,495.45 from the proceeds of sales of 
school lands together with $447,919 of the $28,000,000 surplus 
divided by Congress in 1836 among the States. The land 
grant for educational purposes comprised 985,066 acres for 
common schools and 46,080 acres for universities. 

The report of the State Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion for the year ending June 30, 1883, was issued in April^ 
1884. It shows the whole number of persons under twenty- 
one years of age in the State to be 1,540,918, as compared 
with 1,529,318 in 1882, and 1,500,255 in 1880. The number 
between the ages of six and twenty-one years is 1,046,936, 
as compared with 1,037,567 in 1882. The increase under 
this head is 166,223 in the eleven years reported since 1872. 

There is still a steady increase in the number of pupils 
enrolled in the schools, the present report showing 717,385, 
as compared with 713,341 a year ago, and 704,041 in 1880. 
This increase has been 55,044 in the last eleven years. Of 
the enrollment last year 365,812 w^ere males and 351,573 
females, or a difference of the sexes of 14,239 in favor of the 
males, being a smaller excess of males than any other year 
since trustworthy school statistics have been gathered in the 
State. 

The graded schools show an increase in the 3^ear from 
1,120 to 1,166. In 1882 they showed a falling off of eleven. 
The graded and ungraded schools together number 11,980, 
against 11,948 in 1882, 11,964 in 1880, and 11,396 in 1872. 
While the number of pupils and schools has increased 
slightly, there has been an increase of 829 months in the 
told number of months taught, making the average in 
months for each school year appear as follows for the four 
years noted: In 1883, i.%)', in 1882, 7.15; in 1880, 7.10; in 
1872, 6.90. The whole number of teachers employed in all 



CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 115 

grades of the public schools also increased from 22,301 in 
1882 to 22,547 by the present report. Of course, many of 
these taught in more than one district during the year, so 
that the total number of teachers in the State can only be 
ap])roximated. It is set down at 19,550. 

The foregoing items of increase are to be taken in con- 
nection with the following as explanatory of the increased 
expenditures for the schools during the year — that is, a 
slight increase in the average number of months taught, and 
an apparent or real increase of 211 in the number of teach- 
ers employed, is to be considered in connection with the 
fact that the highest wages paid to any male teacher was 
$270 a month, as compared with $250 the previous year, 
and the highest paid to any female was $190, as compared 
Avith $120 the previous year. The averages by this report 
are $49 for males and $38.99 for females, as compared with 
$4H.86 for males and $37.76 for females by the previous 
report. To teachers alone the State paid out $5,318,658,85, 
or $332,888.09 more than for the year ending June 30, 1882, 
The expenditure under this head has steadily increased 
since 1872, when it was $4,334,256. 

There were also 307 new school houses built during the 
year, making the total number 11,976, and 7,740 volumes 
were added to the school libraries. The school libraries are 
now valued at $96,612, against $83,503 in 1S82, and the 
school apparatus at $228,031, against $191,543 in 1882. In 
all this the State Superintendent does not think any phe- 
nomenal growth is found, but only a steady and healthful 
pro^^ress. 

Adding to the total sum paid teachers, $966,166 paid for 
new school houses, $132,195 paid for sites and grounds, 
$514,415 for repairs and improvements, over $160,000 for 
school furniture and apparatus, $847,498 for fuel, janitors, 
insurance, etc., $268,751 for interest on district bond's, $408,- 
000 of principal on district bonds and a few other articles 
of smaller magnitude, it is shown that the whole educational 
operations of the State for its public schools foot up the 
magnificent figure $897,754.05. The figures for the year 
ending June 30, 1882, were $8,269,793.71, showing the 
expenditures last year to be about ten per cent greater. 

Another item of the report which tends to show the 
extent of the State's education investment is found in the 
value estimated on all scliool property, which is set down 
at $19,732,206. In 1882 it was estimated at $17,994,176 
and in 1880 at $15,875,566. And yet there seems to be no 



116 CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

prospect of bankruptcy, as the amount on hand to the credit 
of school treasurers the 30th of June last was $2,208,433. 

The State Normal School, and the county Normal 
schools as well as the universities, colleges and private 
schools, give very satisfactory reports. 

Military Histortj of Illinois. — The beginnings of Illinois 
Territory were made in war. Hamilton, the British scalp- 
buyer, his troops and Indian allies were subjected to all 
those inglorious defeats recorded in British as well as Amer- 
ican history. In 1832, Black Hawk's Indians, fit friends of 
the defeated British, renewed the war, but was subjected 
and planted beyond the Mississippi. In May, 1846, 8,3Y0 
citizens of Illinois answered the call for troops to serve in 
the war against Mexico. Of this number, 3,Y20 were ac- 
cepted. The volunteers won signal honors at Passo de 
Ovegas, August 10, 1847; National Bridge, August 12; 
Cerro Gordo, August 15; Las Anemas, August 19; the 
siege of Puebla, September 15 to October 12 ; Atlixco, Oc- 
tober 19; Tlascala, November 10; Matamoras and Pass- 
Galajara, November 23 and 24; Guerrila Kanch, December 
5; Napaloncan, December 10, 184Y; at St. Martins, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1848; Cholula, March 26; Matacordera, February 
19 ; Sequalteplan, February 15, this division did magnificent 
service. The affairs of Vera Cruz, Churubusco, Chapulte- 
pec and Mexico City will forever be identified with the 
names of the troops of Illinois, and her citizen-general, James 
Shields. This war cost $66,000,000, and defended for the 
Union, the Lone Star State. 

The war of 1861-65 cost the United States about $4,000,- 
000,000, and was the direct cause of the loss of about 1,000,- 
000 of men to the whole country. The manner in which 
Illinois responded to the call of the President, April 14, 
1861, is told in the following simple record. The record of 
volunteer troops organized within the State, and sent to the 
field, commencing April, 1861, and ending December 31, 1865, 
with number of regiment, name of original commanding 
officer, date of organization and muster into United States' 
service, place of muster, and the aggregate strength of each 
organization, has been prepared with great care, and forms 
in itself a concise record of Illinois in the war for the Union : 

l7if a ntr I/. —'7th, Colonel John Cook, mustered in July 25, 
18G1, at Cairo, with 1,747 men; 8th, Colonel Richard J. Oglesby, 
mustered in July 25, 1861, at Cairo, with 1,853 men ; 9th, 
Colonel Eleazer A. Paine, mustered in July 25, 18G1, at Cairo, 
with 1,265 men ; 10th, Colonel James 1). Morgan, mustered in 



CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 11 Y 

July 25, 1861, at Cairo, with 1,759 men; 11th, Colonel W. H. 
L. Wallace, mustered in July 25, 1861, at Cairo, with 1,381 men; 
12th, Colonel John McArthur, mustered in July 25, 1861, at 
Cairo, with 1,675 men; 13th, Colonel John B, Wyman, mus- 
tered in May 24, 1861, at Dixon, with 1,112 men; 14th, Colonel 
John M. Palmer, mustered in May 25, 1861, at Jacksonville, 
with 2,015 men; 15th, Colonel Thomas J. Turner, mustered m 
May 24, 1861, at Freeport, with 2,028 men; 16th, Colonel 
Eobert F. Smith, mustered in May 24, 1861, at Quincy, with 
1,833 men; 17th, Colonel Leonard F. Boss, mustered in May 
24, 1861, at Peoria, with 1,259 men; 18th, Colonel Michael K. 
Lawler, mustered in. May 28, 1861, at Anna, with 2,043; 19th, 
Colonel John B. Turchin, with 1,095 men ; 20th, Colonel 
Charles C. Marsh, mustered in June 13, 1861, at Joliet, with 
1,817 men; 21st, Colonel Ulysses S. Grant, mustered in June 
15, 1861, at Mattoon, with 1,266 men ; 22d, Colonel Henry 
Dougherty, mustered in June 25, 1861, at Belleville, with 1,164 
men; 23d, Colonel James A. Mulligan, mustered in June 18, 
1861, at Chicago, with 1,982 men; 24th, Colouel Frederick 
Hccker, mustered in July 8, 1861, at Cliicago,-with 989 men; 
25th, Colonel William N. Coler, with 1,082 men; 26th, Colonel 
John M. Loomis, mustered in October 31, 1861, at Camp But- 
ler, with 1,602 men; 27th, Colonel Nap. B. Buford, with 1,193 
men; 28th, Colonel A, K. Johnson, mustered in August 3, 1861, 
at Camp Butler, with 1,939 men; 29th, Colonel James S. Eear- 
den, mustered in July 27, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 1,547 
men; 30th, Colonel Philip B. Fouke, mustered in September 
30, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 1,878 men; 31st, Colonel John 
A. Logan, September 8, 1«61, at Camp Butler, with 1,973 men; 
32d, Colonel John Logan, mustered in December 31, 1861, at 
Camp Butler, with 1,711 men; 33d, Colonel Charles E. Hovey, 
mustered in August 15, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 1,660 meu; 
34th, Colonel Edward N. Kirk, mustered in September 7, 1861, 
at Camp Butler, with 1,558 men; 35th, Colonel Gus. A, Smith, 
with 1,012 men; 36th, Colonel Nich. Greusel, mustered in Sep- 
tember 23, 1861, at Aurora, with 1,593 men ; 37th, Colonel 
Julius White, mustered in September 18, 1861, at Cliicago with 
1,157 men; 38th, Colonel Wilh'am P. Carlin, mustered in Au- 
gust 15, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 1,388 men; 39th, Colonel 
Austin Light, mustered in December, 1861, at Chicago, with 
1,807 men; 40th, Colonel Stephen G. Hicks, mustered in Au- 
gust 10, 1861, at Salem, with 1,277 men; 41st, Isaac C. Pugh, 
mustered in August 9, 1861, at Decatur, with 1,211 men; 42d, 
Colonel William A. Webb, mustered in September 17, 1861, at 
Chicago, with 1,824 men; 43d, Colonel Julius Eaith, mustered 
in December 16, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 1,902 men; 44th, 
Colonel Charles Noblesdorff, mustered in September 13, 1861, 
at Chicago, with 1,512 men; 45th, Colonel John E, Smith, 



118 CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

mustered in December 26, 1861, at G-alena, with 1,716 men; 
46th, Colonel John A. Davis, mustered in December 28, 1861, 
at Camp Butler, with 2,015 men; 47th, Colonel John Bryner, 
mustered in October 1, 1861, at Peoria, with 2,051 men; 48th, 
Colonel Isham JST. Haynie, mustered in November 18, 1861, at 
Camp Butler, with 1,874 men; 49th, Colonel William R. Mor- 
rison, mustered in December 31, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 
1,482 men; 50th, Colonel Moses M. Bane, mustered in Septem- 
ber 12, 1861, at Quincy, with 1,761 men; 51st, Colonel G. W. 
Cumming, mustered in December, 1861, February, 1862, at 
Camp Douglas, with 1,550 men; 52d, Colonel Isaac G. Wilson, 
mustered in November 19, 1861, at Geneva, with 1,519 men; 
53d, W. H. W. Cushman, mustered in March, 1862, at Ottawa, 
with 1,434 men; 54th, Colonel Thomas AY. Harris, mustered m 
February 18, 1862, at Anna, with 1,720 men; 55th, Colonel 
David Stuart, mustered in October 31, 1861, at Camp Douglas, 
with 1,287 men; 56th, Colonel Robert Kirkham, mustered in 
February 27, 1862, at Shawneetown, with 1,180 men; 57th, 
Colonel Silas D. Baldwin, mustered in December 26, 1861, at 
Camp Douglas, with 1,754 men; 58tli, Colonel William F. 
Lynch, mustered in December 24, 1861, at Camp Douglas, with 
2,202 men; 59th, Colonel P. Sidney Post, mustered in August, 

1861, at St. Louis, Missouri, with 1,762 men; 60th, Colonel 
Silas C. Toler mustered in February 17, 1862, at Anna, with 
1,647 men; 61st, Colonel Jacob Fry, mustered in March 7, 1862, 
at Carrollton, with 1,385 men; 62d, Colonel James M. True, 
mustered in April 10, 1862, at Anna, with 1,730 men; 63d, 
Colonel Francis Mora, mustered in April 10, 1862, at Anna, 
with 1,228 men; 64th, Lieutenant-Colonel D. D. Williams, mus- 
tered in December 31, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 1,624 men; 
65th, Colonel Daniel Cameron, mustered in May 15, 1862, at 
Camp Douglas, with 1,648 men; 66th, Colonel Patrick E. Burke, 
mustered in April, 1862, at St. Louis, Missouri, with 1,694 
men; 67th, Colonel Resell M. Hough, mustered in June 13, 

1862, at Camp Douglas, with 979 men; 68th, Colonel Elias 
Stuart, mustered in June 20, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 889 
men; 69th, Colonel Joseph H. Tucker, mustered in June 14, 
1862, at Camp Douglas, with 912 men; 70th, Colonel 0. T. 
Reeves, mustered in July 4, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 1,006 
men: 71st, Colonel Othniel Gilbert, mustered in July 26, 1862, 
at Camp Douglas, with 940 men; 72d, Colonel Frederick A. 
Starring, mustered in August 21, 1862, at Camp Douglas, with 
1,471 men; 73d, Colonel James F. Jaquess, mustered in Au- 
gust 21, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 968 men; 74th, Colonel 
Jason Marsh, mustered in September 4, 1862, at Rockford, with 
989 men; 75th, Colonel George Ryan, mustered in September 2, 
1862, at Dixon, with 987 men; 76th, Colonel Alonzo W. Mack, 
mustered in August 22, 1862, at Kankakee, with 1,110 men; 



CHEONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 119 

'i'Tth, Colonel David P, Grier, mustered in September 3, 1862, 
at Peoria, with 1,051 men; 78th, Colonel W. H. Bennison, mus- 
tered in September 1, 18G2, at Quincy, with 1,028 men; 79th, 
Colonel Lyman Guinnip, mustered in August 28, 1863, at Dan- 
ville, with 974 men; 80th, Colonel Thomas G. Allen, mustered 
in August 25, 1862, at Centralia, with 928 men; 81st, Colonel 
James J. Dollms, mustered in August 26, 1862, at Anna, with 
1,187 men; 82d, Colonel Frederick Hecker, mustered in August 
26, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 961 men; 83d, Colonel Abner C. 
Hai-ding, mustered in August 21, 1862, at Monmouth, with 
1,286 men; 84th, Colonel Louis H. Waters, mustered in Sep- 
tember 1, 1862, at Quincy, with 956 men; 85th, Colonel Rob- 
ert S. Moore, mustered in August 27, 1862, at Peoria, with 959 
men; 86th, Colonel David D. Irons, mustered in August 27, 
1862, at Peoria, with 993 men; 87th, Colonel John E. Whiting, 
mustered in September 22, 1862. at Shawneetown, with 994 men; 
88th, Colonel P. T. Sherman, mustered in August 27, 1862, at 
Camp Douglas, with 907 men; 89th, Colonel John Christopher, 
mustered in August 25, 1862, at Camp Douglas, with 1,285 men; 
90th, Colonel Timothy O'Mara, mustered in November 22, 1862, 
at Camp Douglas, with 958 men; 91 st, Colonel Henry M. Day, 
mustered in September 8, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 1,041 
men; 92d, Colonel Smith D. Atkins, mustered in September 4, 
1862, at Rockford, with 1,265 men; 93d, Colonel Holden Put- 
nam, mustered in October J 3, 1862, at Princeton and Chicago, 
with 1,036 men; 94th, Colonel William W^. Orme, mustered in 
August 20, 1862, at Bloomington, with 1.091 men; 95th, Col- 
onel Lawrence S. Church, mustered in Sejitember 4, 1862, at 
Eockford, with 1,427 men; 96th, Thomas E. Champion, mus- 
tered in September 6, 1862, at Eockford, with 1,206 men; 97th, 
Colonel F. S. Eutherford, mustered in September 8, 1862, at 
Camp Butler, with 1,082 men; 98th, Colonel J. J. Funkhouser, 
mustered in September 3, 1862, at Centralia, with 1,078 men; 
99th, Colonel G. W. K. Bailey, mustered in August 26, 1862, 
at Florence, Pike county, with 936 men; 100th, Colonel Fred- 
erick A, Bartleson, mustered in August 30, 1862, at Joliet, with 
921 men; 101st, Colonel Chai'les it. Fox, mustered in Septem- 
ber 2. 1862, at Jacksonville, with 911 men; 102d, Colonel Will- 
iam McMurtry, mustered in September 2. 1862, at Knoxville, 
with 998 men; 103d, Colonel Amos C. Babcock, mustered in 
October 2, 1862, at Peoria, with 917 men; 104th, Colonel Absa- 
lom B. Moore, mustered in August 27, 1862, at Ottawa, with 
977 men; 105th, Colonel Daniel Dustin, mustered in Septem1)er 
2, 1862, at Chicago, with 1,001 men; 106th, Colonel Eobert B. 
Latham, mustered in September 17, 1862, at Lincoln, Avith 
1,097 men; 107th, Colonel Thomas Snell, mustered in Septem- 
ber 4, 1862, at Camp Butler, witli 944 men; 108th, Colonel 
John Warner, mustered in August 28, 1862, at Peoria, with 



120 CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

927 men; 109th, Colonel Alexander J. K"immo, mnstered in 
September 11, 1861, at Anna, with 967 men; 110th, Colonel 
Thomas S. Casey, mustered in September 11, 1861, at Anna, 
with 873 men; 111th, Colonel James S. Martin, mustered in 
September 18, 1862, at Salem, with 994 men; 112th, Colonel _T. 
J. Henderson, mustered in September 12, 1862, at Peoria, with 
1,095 men; 113th, Colonel George B. Hoge, mustered in Octo- 
ber 1, 1863, at Camp Douglas, with 1,258 men; 114th, Colonel 
James W. Judy, mustered in September 18, 1862, at Camp 
Butler, with 990 men; 115th, Colonel Jesse H. Moore, mustered 
in September 13, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 960 men; 116th, 
Colonel Nathan H. Tupper, mustered in September 30, 1862, at 
Decatur, with 952 men; 117th, Colonel Kisden M. Moore, mus- 
tered in September 19, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 995 men; 
118th, Colonel John G. Fonda, mustered in November 29, 1862, 
at Camp Butler, with 1,101 men; 119th, Colonel Thomas J, 
Kenney, mustered in October 7, 1862, at Quincy, with 952 men; 
120th, "Colonel George W. McKeaig, mustered in October 29, 
1862, at Camp Butler, with 844 men; 121st, never organized; 
122d, Colonel John I. Rinaker, mustered in September 4, 1862, 
at Carlinville, with 934 men; 123d, Colonel James Moore, mus- 
tered in September 6, 1862, at Mattoon, with 1,050 men; 124t]i, 
Colonel Thomas J. Sloan, mustered in September 10, 1862, at 
Camp Butler, with 1,130 men; 125th, Colonel Oscar F. Har- 
mon, mustered in September 4, 1862, at Danville, with 933 
men; 126th, Colonel Jonathan Richmond, mustered in Sep- 
tember 4, 1862, at Chicago, with 998 men; 127th, Colonel 
John Van Arman, mustered in September 5, 1862, at Camp 
Douglas, with 957 men; 128th, Colonel Robert M. Hudley, mus- 
tered in December 18, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 866 men; 
129th, Colonel George P. Smith, mustered in September 8, 1862, 
at Poiitiac, with 1,01 L men; 130th, Colonel Nathaniel Niles, mus- 
tered in October 25, 1865, at Camp Butler, with 932 men; 131st, 
Colonel George W. Neeley, mustered in November 13, 1862, at 
Camp Massac, with 880 men; 132d, Colonel Thomas C. Pickett, 
mustered in June 1, 1864, at Camp Fry, with 853 men; 133d, 
Colonel Thad. Phillips, mustered in May 31, 1864, at Camp 
Butler, with 851 men; 134th, Colonel W. W. McChesney, mus- 
tered in May 31, 1864, at Camp Fry, with 878 men; 135th, 
Colonel John S. Wolfe, mustered in June 6, 1864, at Mattoon, 
with 852 men; 136th, Colonel Fred. A. Johns, mustered in 
June 1, 1864, at Centralia, with 842 men; 137th, Colonel John 
Wood, mustered in June 5, 1864, at Quincy, with 849 men; 
138th, J. W. Goodwin, mustered in June 21, 1864, at Quincy, 
with 835 men; 139th, Colonel Peter Davidson, mustered in 
June 1, 1864, at Peoria, with 878 men; 140th, Colonel L. H. 
Whitney, mustered in June 18, 1864, at Camp Butler, with 871 
men; 141st, Colonel Stephen Bronson, mustered in June 16, 



CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 121 

1864, at EJgin, with 842 men; 142d, Colonel Rollin V. Ankuey, 
mustered in June 18, 1864, at Camp Butler, with 851 men; 
143d, Colonel Dudley C. Smith, mustered in June 11, 1864, 
at Mattoon, with 865 men; 144th, Colonel Cyrus Hall, mustered 
in October 21, 1864, at Alton, with 1,159 men; 145th, Colonel 
George W. Lackey, mustered in June 9, 1864, at Camp Butler, 
with 880 men; 146th, Colonel Henry H. Dean, mustered in 
September 20, 1864, at Camp Butler, with 1,056 men; 147th, 
Colonel Hiram F. Sickles, mustered in February 18, 1865, at 
Chicago, with 1,047 men; 148th, Colonel Horace II. Wilsie, 
mustered in February 18, 1865, at Quiucy, with 917 men; 149th, 
Colonel William C. Kueffner, mustered in February 11, 1865, 
at Camp Butler, with 983 men; 150th, George W. Keener, mus- 
tered in February 14, 1865, at Camp Butler, with 933 men; 151st, 
Colonel French B. Woodall, mustered in February 25, 1 865, at 
Quincy, with 970 men; 152d, Colonel F. D. Stephenson, mustered 
in February 18, 1865, at Camp Butler, with 945 men; 153d, 
Colonel Stephen Bronson, mustered in February 27, 1865, at 
Chicago, with 1,076 men; 154th, Colonel McLean F. Wood, 
mustered in February 22, 1865, at Camp Butler, with 994 men; 
155th, Colonel Gustavus A. Smith, mustered in February 28, 

1865, at Camp Butler, with 929 men; 156th, Colonel Alfred F. 
Smith, mustered in ]\Iarch 9, 1865, at Chicago, with 975 men; 
Colonel J. W. Wilson, mustered in December 1, 1861, at Chi- 
cago, with 985 men; Colonel John A. Bross, mustered in at 
Quincy, with 903 men; Captain John Curtis, mustered in June 
21, 1864, at Camp Butler, with 91 men; Caj)tain Simon J. 
Stookey, mustered in June 12, 1864, at Camp Butler, with 90 
men; Captain James Steele, mustered in June 15, 1864, at 
Chicago, with 86 men. 

Cavalry. — 1st, Colonel Thomas A. Marshall, mustered in 
June, 1861, at Bloomington, with 1,206; 2d, Colonel Silas 
Noble, mustered in August 24, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 1,861 
men; 3d, Colonel Eugene A. Oarr, mustered in September 21, 
1861; at Camp Butler, with 2,183 men; 4th, Colonel T. 
Lyle Dickey, mustered in September 30, 1861, at Ottawa, 
with 1,656 men ; 5th, Colonel John J. IJpdegraff, mustered 
in December, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 1,669 men; 6th, 
Colonel Thomas H. Cavanaugh, mustered in November, 1861, 
January, 1862, Camp Butler, with 2,248 men ; 7th, Colonel 
William Pitt Kellogg, mustered in August, 1861, at Camp 
Butler, with 2,282 men; 8th, Colonel Jolm F. Farnsworth, 
mustered in September 18, 1861, at St. Charles, with 2,412 
men; 9th, Colonel Albert G. Brackett, mustered in October 26, 
1861, at Camp Douglas, with 2,619 men; 10th, Colonel James 
A. Barrett, mustered in Xovember 25, 1861, at Camp Butler, 
with 1,934 men; 11th, Colonel Robert G. Ingersoll, mustered in 
December 20, 1861, at Peoria, with 2,362 men; 12th, Colonel 



122 CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

Arno Voss, mustered in December, 1861, February, 1862, at 
Camp Butler, with 2,174 men; 13th, Colonel Joseph W. Bell, 
mustered in December, 1861, February, 1862, at Camp Douglas, 
with 1,759 men; 14th, Colonel Horace Capron, mustered in 
January 7, 1863, at Peoria, with 1,565 men; 15th, Colonel 
Warren Stewart, mustered in December 25, 1863, at Camp 
Butler, with 1,473 men; 16th, Colonel Christian Thielman, 
mustered in January and April, 1863, at Camp Butler, with 
1,462 men; 17th, Colonel John L. Beveridge, mustered in Jan- 
uary 28, 1864, at St. Charles, with 1.247 men. 

Light Artillery. — Company A, Captain C. M. Willard, 
mustered in at Chicago, with 168 men; Company B, Captain 
Ezra Taylor, mustered in at Chicago, with 204 men; Company 
C, Captain C. Haughtaling, mustered in October 31, 1861, at 
Ottawa, with 175 men; Company D, Captain Edward McAllis- 
ter, mustered in January 14, 1862, at Plainfield, with 141 men; 
Company E, Captain A. C. Waterhouse, mustered in December 
19, 1861, at Chicago, with 148 men; Company F, Captain John 
T. Cheney, mustered in February 25, 1862, at Camp Butler, 
with 159 men; Company G-, Captain Arthur O'Leary, mustered 
in February 28, 1862, at Cairo, with 113 men; Company H, 
Captain Axel Silversparr, mustered in February 20, 1862, at 
Chicago, with 147 men; Company I, Captain Edward Bouton, 
mustered in February 15, 1862," at Chicago, with 169 men; 
Company K, Captain A. Franklin, mustered in January 9, 
1862, at Shawneetown, with 96 men; Company L, Captain John 
Eourke, mustered in February 22, 1862, at Chicago, with 153 
men; Company M, Captain John B. Miller, mustered in August 
12, 1862, at Chicago, with 154 men; Field and Staff, 7 men; 
Kecruits, 883 men. 

Second Liglit ArtiUery. — Company A, Captain Peter David- 
son, mustered in August 17, 1861, at Peoria, with 116 men; 
Company B, Captain Eiley Madison, mustered in June 20, 1861, 
at Springfield, with 127 men; Company C, Captain Caleb Hop- 
kins, mustered in August 5, 1861, at Cairo, with 154 men; 
Company D, Jasper M. Dresser, mustered in December 17, 
1861, at Cairo, with 117 men; Company E, Captain Adolph 
Schwartz, mustered in February 1, 1862, at Cairo, with 136 
men; Company F, Captain John W. Powell, mustered in 
December 11, 1861, at Cape Girardeau, Missouri, with 190 men; 
Company G, Captain Charles J. Stolbrand, mustered in Decem- 
ber 31, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 108 men; Company H, Cap- 
tain Andrew Steinbeck, mustered in December 31, 1861, at 
Camp Butler, with 115 men; Company I, Captain Charles W. 
Keith, mustered in December 31, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 
107 men; Company K, Captain Benjamin F. Rogers, mustered 
in December 31, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 108 men; Company 
L, Captain William H. Bolton, mustered in February 28, 1863, 



CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 123 

at Chicago, with 145 men; Company M, Captain John C. 
Phillips, mustered in June 6, 1862, at Chicago, with 100 men; 
Field and Staff, 10 men; Recruits, 1,171 men. 

Independent Batteries. — Board of Trade, Captain James S. 
Stokes, mustered in July 31, 1863, at Chicago, with 258 men, 
Springfield, Captain Thomas F. Vaughn, mustered in August 21; 
1862, at Camp Butler, with 199 men; Mercantile, Captain 
Charles G. Cooley, mustered in August 29, 1862, at Chicago, 
with 270 men; Elgin, Captain George AV. lien wick, musterediu 
November 15, 1862, at Elgin, with 242 men; CoggswelFs, Cap- 
tain William Coggswell, mustered in September 23, 1861, at 
Camp Douglas, with 221 men; Henshaw^s, Captain Ed, C. Hen- 
shaw, mustered in October 15, 1862, at Ottawa, with 196 men; 
Bridges', Captain Lyman Bridges, mustered in January 1, 1862, 
at Chicago, with 252 men; Colvin's, Captain John H. Colvin, 
mustered in October 10, 1863, at Chicago, with 91 men; 
Busteed's, Chicago, with 127 men. 

A recapitulation of the above shows: Infantry, 185,941; 
Cavalry, 32,082; Artillery, 7,277; or a grand total of 225,300. 
' The actual number of enlistments from 1861 to 1865 was 
259,147, which includes re-enlistments in veteran reserve corps, 
and ordinary re-enlistments. This number, however, does 
not include 20,000 or 30,000 citizens of Illinois, found in 
various branches of the army and navy and in the volunteer 
regiments of other States. The conduct of the troops, from 
the day they took possession of Cairo to the close of the war, 
was one magnificent testimony to the worth of citizen soldiery, 

CHKONOLOGY OF ILLINOIS HISTORT. 

1671 Exploration by Nicholas Perrot. 

1672 Exploration by Fathers Allouez and Dablon, 

1673 Exploration by Louis Joliet, 
Exploration by Father Marquette, 

Marquette's Voyage uji the Illinois and Desplaines Rivers. 

1674 Establishment of the Mission of the Immaculate Concep- 

tion near Utica, La Salle county. 

1675 Death of Marquette, May 18. 

1680 Fathers Ribourde and Membre at Starved Rock. 

Chevalier La Salle takes possession of Illinois for France. 

La Salle at Lake Peoria, January 3. 

La Salle returned to Fort Frontenac (Canada), 

Henry Tonti, the Italian, and fifteen men at Fort Creve- 

coeur. 
Invasion of Illinois by the Iroquois. 
Father Louis Hennepin left Fort Crevecceur in February 

for the Upi)er Mississippi. 
Father Ribourde murdered by Kickapoo Indians. 



124: CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

1680 Anthony Anquel and Michael Ake explored the Illinois 
river country. 
Tonti returned to Green Bay. 

Annihilation of the Illinois and Tamaroas by the Iroquois. 
La Salle returned to Illinois. 
1682 Building of Fort St. Louis. 

La Salle descended the Mississippi, and named the country 
Louisiana. 
1682-7 La Salle visited France; brought out a colony to the 

Gulf States; explored New Mexico. 
1687 La Salle and twenty men left Fort St. Louis (Matagorda 
Bay) for Illinois, January 12. 
Assassination of La Salle's nephew by Du Haut and Leotat, 

en route to Illinois. 
Assassination of La Salle by Du Haut and Leotat. 
168- Tonti's expedition in search of La Salle and colonists. 

1689 Execution of Du Haut and Leotat, the assassins. 

1690 The Mission of the Immaculate Conception removed from 

Old Kaskaskia, or Fort St. Louis, on the Illinois river, 
to Kaskaskia, six miles above the mouth of the Kaskas- 
kia river. 

1690-1 Settlement of Cahokia, five miles below St. Louis city, 
near mouth of Cahokia. 

1698 Kaskaskia founded by Eev. Father Gravier. Father 
Pinet at Cahokia. 

1712 M. Crozat, of Paris, granted a monopoly of trade in Illinois. 

1717 Settlement of St. Philip, forty-five miles from Cahokia. 

Philip Eenault, 171 9. 
M. Crozat surrendered his charter. Company of the West 
organized. 

1718 Settlement of Fort Chartres, twelves miles above Kaskas- 

kia, by Mississippi Company. 
Settlement of Kaskaskia, six miles above confluence of 

Kaskaskia and Mississippi. 
Settlement of Prairie du Kocher, near Fort Chartres. 

1720 Philip Eenault introduced Negro slaves into Illinois. 

1730 Total population of settlements: 140 French families, 200 
French traders, 600 converted Indians. 

1750 Father Vivier preaching to the Illinois tribes. He places 
the population of the five French villages at 1,100 whites, 
300 blacks, and 60 red savages. The three Indian vil- 
lages did not then contain more than 800 souls, all told. 
There was not a settlement between the Arkansas and 
Illinois rivers at that date. 

1765 The French flag replaced by the British flag on Fort 
Cbartres, October 10, 1765. 
Pontiac and two hundred French families settled on the 
Kankakee, near Wilmington. 



CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 125 

1769 Pontiac assassinated by Illiuois Chief at Joliet Mound after 

the Council. 
1773 The Illinois Land Company organized. Purchased lands 

from the Peorias and Kaskaskias. 

1775 The French trader Viviat organized the Wabasli Land 

Company of Virginia, aided by Pere M. Gibault, July 4. 
Total defeat of the British. 

1776 Shabbonee born near Wilmingon, Illinois. 
1778 La Ville de Meillet founded near Lake Peoria. 

Capture of Kaskaskia by the Americans under Colonel 

George Rogers Clarke. 
M. Gibault negotiates for the surrender of Vincennes, the 

establishment of American courts, etc. 
Establishment of the county of Illinois in October. John 
Todd appointed Lieutenant-Commander by Patrick 
Henry, December 12. 
17(9 Surrender of the British Governor and General Hamilton 

(the hair-buyer) to General Clarke, February. 
1780 The Illinois and Wabash Land Companies consolidated. 
1784 Virginia ceded all her territory north of the Ohio to the 
United States, when a territorial form of government 
was instituted. 
1787 Ordinance for the government of the Northwestern Ter- 
ritory. Major-General Arthur St. Clair appointed Gov- 
ernor by Congress. 
Illinois a county of Indiana Territory. 
1796 J. B. Pointe au Sable, a resident of Chicago. 
Old Peoria abandoned. 

1804 Building of Fort Dearborn at Chicago. 
Treaty with Sacs and Foxes. 

1805 First mail route (Vincennes to Cahokia) established. 

1809 The Territory of Illinois organized. John Boyle, of Ken- 
tucky, appointed Governor by President Madison. Boyle 
declined this position, when it was offered to Ninian 
Edwards. 

St. Clair and Randolph counties only political divisions of 
Territory. 

1811 Peace Convention with Pottawatomies at Peoria. 
Battle of Tippecanoe, November 7. 

1812 Building of Fort Russell, near the present village of Ed- 

wardsville. 

Massacre of Fort Dearborn, August 16. 

Governor Edwards' militia attacks the Pottawatomie vil- 
lage at Peoria, August. 

Captain Craig burned Peoria, November. 

1813 General Howard's command of nine hundred men build 

Fort Clarke, at Peoria, 

1814 Illinois Herald established at Kaskaskia. 



126 CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

1814 Governor Clarke's expedition np the Mississippi. 

The Sixty-sixth Illinois Eangers' terrific fight near Eock 
Island. 

Major Taylor, Captains Sector and Whiteside attack the 
English and Indians near Rock river. 

Defeat of the Americans. 

Peace of Ghent, December 24. 
1816 Treaty of St. Louis. Lands between Illinois and Missis- 
sippi rivers ceded. 
1818 Fort Clarke destroyed by fire. 

Territorial Legislature petitioned Congress for admission 
as a State in January. 

The Enabling Act was passed April 18. 

Convention of Kaskaskia, July. 

Illinois admitted, December 3. 

Change of northern boundary so as to secure Chicago. 

1820 Eeverend J. M. Peck was the first educated Protestant 

minister in the State. He settled in St. Clair county. 

1818 Adoption of whipping, stocks, pillory, and gibbet for 

punishment of criminals. 
First State election. Shadrack Bond, Governor; Pierre 
Mesnard, Lieutenant-governor. 

1819 Peoria re-occupied and settled by American citizens. 
Vandalia, the seat of government. (Eemoved to Sj)ring- 

fieldin 1837.) 

1821 Appropriation of $10,000 by State Legislature for survey 

of Illinois and Michigan canal. 
Incorporation of the Bank of Illinois. 
Henry E. Schoolcraft and party at Fort Joliet. 

1822 The slavery and anti-slavery questions raised for election 

purposes. 

1824 Direct mail route from Vandalia to Springfield; and to 

Chicago in 1832. 
Aggregate vote polled, 11,612. 
The proposition to make Illinois a slave State defeated at 

the polls by 1,800 votes. 

1825 Lafayette accepted invitation of Assembly and visited 

Kaskaskia in February. 
Bills for the support of schools and construction of roads 
by public tax passed. 

1826 Sanganash, or Billy Caldwell, appointed Justice of Peace 

of Peoria county. 
Congress granted 800,000 acres of land to the State to aid 
in building the canal. 

1827 Winnebago War under Chief Red Bird. General Cass, of 

Michigan, visited Illinois. 

1828 Line of Illinois and Michigan canal re-surveyed. 



CHRONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 127 

1828 The Methodist Episcopal College, Lebanon, established. 
First in State. 

1830 The legal rate of interest established. Previously 150 per 

centum was reached. 

1831 Criminal code adapted to penitentiary punishment. 
Black Hawk established himself upon his disputed terri- 
tory. 

General Gaines, commanding 1,500 Illinois volunteers, de- 
stroyed the Indian town, and forced Black liawk^s peo- 
ple to cede all lands east of the Mississippi, and settle on 
the west side of the river. 

1832 General Zachary Taylor, Abraham Lincoln, Jeff. Davis, 

and Lieutenant Robert Anderson, at Dixon, Illinois, in 
re Black Hawk's war. 

Black Hawk recrossed the Misssissippi to war on the 
whites. 

Building of Fort Joliet. 

Governor Reynolds collected 1,800 volunteers under com- 
mand of Brigadier-General Whiteside. This command 
destroyed Prophetstown, and proceeded to join General 
Atkinson's division. The flight from Stillman's Run 
was one of the comicalities of this war. The assault on 
Apple River fort, June, 1832. Black Hawk and 150 
warriors defeated by 25 men. Generals Henry and At- 
kinson at the battle of Rock river. Three hundred sav- 
ages killed and 50 made prisoners, against 17 whites killed 
and 12 wounded. Black Hawk and his special warriors, 
who escaped from the Rock river affair, were captured by 
the Winnebagoes and handed over to General Street. 
He was interned in Fortress Monroe with other hostile 
Sacs, until June 4, 1833, when the chief and his party 
were conveyed to Rock Island, Illinois, and there set at 
liberty. He settled near Des Moines, Iowa. In 1838 
this old ally of the British died. 

Massacre of the settlers on Indian creek. 

Rachael and Sylvia Hall captured by Indians. Ransom, 
$2,000 and a number of horses. 

1833 Treaty of Chicago. 

1834-5 Beginning of Governor Duncan's administration. Ap- 
propriations aggregating 110,230,000 made by the State. 
Town lot fever. Railroads for every man, or a money 
compensation. Legislators magnificently reckless. 

1834 First payment of annuity, at Chicago, under treaty of 

1833, in October. 

1836 The construction of the Illinois and Michigan canal com- 

menced. 

1837 Elijah P. Lovejoy, Abolitionist, mobbed and kilkd at 

Alton, November 7. 



128 CHKONOLOGY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 

1838 The first locomotive run on Northern Cross "railroad, No- 
vember 8. 
Thomas Carlin elected Governor, opposed by Cyrus Ed- 
wards, Whig. 

1840 Settlement of the Mormons at Nauvoo. 
Improvement laws repealed, after a debt of $15,000,000 

was contracted. 

1841 Arrest of Joe Smith and his release by Judge Douglas. 
Pirates of the Prairie before the law. The Eegulators 

administering law. 

1842 Second arrest of Joe Smith and his escape. 

Adam W. Snyder nominated for Governor; died previous 
to election, when Thomas Ford was nominated to oppose 
Duncan. 

The Mormon war. Joe Smith and Hiram Smith killed at 
Carthage. End of Nauvoo and Mormonisni, September 
1846. "The action of the Gentiles narrow and uncon- 
stitutional. The Mormon exiles reached Salt Lake, 
July 21, 1847. 

The Illinois Institute for Deaf and Dumb was founded in 
1839, and the buildings erected at Jacksonville in 1842. 

Work on canal resumed by Illinois and Michigan Canal 
Company. 
184G Nine regiments (8,370 men) answered the call for troops 
to serve against Mexicans. Four regiments, or 3,720 
men accepted. Generals James Shields, Baker, Coli'ey, 
Harris, Hardin, Bissell, Houghton, McKee, are names 
identified with this State in the Mexican war. 

1847 River and Harbor Convention at Chicago, July 5. 
State Constitutional Convention. 

The Illinois Hospital for the Insane was established by the 
act of March 1, 1847. 

1848 Opening of the Illinois and Michigan canal. 

1850 The Galena railroad opened to Elgin. 

1851 In 1851 the hospital buildings were commenced near Jack- 

sonville. 
1852-54 Railroad building era in the West. 
1855 Chicago the focal point of 2,933 miles of railroad. 

1858 The Chicago Eye and Ear Infirmary Association, in May. 

Was made a State institution in 1871. 

1859 Selection of Lincoln's name for President at the Spring- 

field caucus. 

1860 Abraham Lincoln elected President. 

1861 Ten thousand volunteers offered before April 24, and 

$1,000,000 tendered by patriotic citizens. 
Captain Stokes and 700 men, of the Seventh Illinois 
Infantry, took 10,000 stand of arms from St. Louis 
arsenal. 



CHKONOLOCrY AND STATISTICS OF ILLINOIS. 129 

1862 State Constitutional Convention. 

18G5 The Asylum for Feeble-minded Children established by 
the act of February 15. 
First steel rail rolled in America at Chicago, May 25, 18G5. 
Illinois was represented in her own regiments by 256,000 

men, and in other States by about 30,000 men. 
Great State Fair at Chicago netted $250,000 for soldiers' 
aid and military purposes. 
1867 The Illinois Industrial University at Urbanawas chartered. 

1869 The Northern Asylum for the Insane Avas established at 

Elgin. 

1870 State Constitutional Convention. 

1871 Chicago destroyed by fire, October 9. The number of 

buildings burned was 17,450, and amount of direct loss, 
$190,000,000, of which $44,000,000 returned from in- 
surance. 
State resumed control of Illinois and Michigan canal. 

The events since 1871 are of such a character as to come 
under the head of ordinary news. The return of the Illinois 
and Michigan canal into possession of the State, its cession by 
the State to the General Government, and the redemption of 
the public debt, or State bonds, form the leading events. 
9 



WILL COUISrTY. 



HISTORY AND STATISTICS FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES 



PART III. 

PIONEER SETTLERS OF WILL COUNTY— ELECTION RETURNS 
1836-1884— MILITARY HISTORY 1832-1865— NAMES AND REC- 
ORD OF SOLDIERS— TAX PAYERS OF 1842— STATISTICS. 

THE first actual settlement of the county is credited, to 
the Ottawa chief, Pontiac, and the remnant of his 
tribe, who, after the Franco-British war, selected the coun- 
try in the vicinity of Wilmington for his principal village, 
and there located in 1764—5. In 1Y69 he was killed by a 
chief of the Illinois — Kineboo — during the council of Joliet 
Mound, held that year. In this Indian village the first full- 
blood Indian friend of the whites — Shabbonee — was born 
about 1776, Although an Ottawa, he married a daughter 
of the Pottawatomie chief, Sj^otka, at the mouth of Fox 
river. At that village he was declared chief of the Potta- 
watomies, and shortly after removed the tribe to the head 
of Big Indian creek, in DeKalb county. In 1807 he visited 
Tecumseh, which visit was returned in 1810. In 1811 he 
was present at the council of Vincennes, presided over by 
General Harrison. In 1812 the couriers of Tecumseh 
arrived in Illinois offering largesses to the tribes who would 
aid the British against the United States. Shabbonee 
resisted the offer until the fall of 1812, when he and twenty- 
two of his warriors left to aid Tecumseh. He was present 
at the battle of the Thames, in Canada, as was also Billy 
CaldweU or Sanganash. During the Winnebago and Black 
Hawk war he rendered incalculable good to the settlers, and 
died regretted in Grundy county, July 17, 1859. His wife, 
Pokanoka, was drowned in Mazen creek, Grundy county, 
November 30, 1864. 

The Indian Boundary Line, drawn on official maps of 
Cook and Will counties, has been a source of curiosity to 
many. The official certificate, as summarized by WiUiam 

135 



136 GENEEAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Milburn, of St. Louis, surveyor-general, August 19, 1839, 
gives the following information. It was surveyed by James 
M. Duncan and T. C. Sullivan early in 1819, on the lines of 
tracts ceded by the treaty of St. Louis of August 24, 1816, 
viz., from a point on Lake Michigan, 10 miles south of Chi- 
cago creek to a point on the Kankakee river, ten miles 
above its mouth. In the summer of 1834 D. A. Spaulding 
retraced the line and placed mile posts thereon. It was to 
this line the surve^^s of the Northwest were closed. 

Pioneers of the Comity. — Long before the Indians left 
the county, the French trader was among them. Vetal Vermette 
had settled in Plainfield about the 3'ear 1825; George Forquier, a 
half-breed, made the place his home for some years. In 1821, when 
Greneral Cass and Henry E. Schoolcraft visited Joliet Mound, 
they were accompanied by a few French half-breeds and French- 
men. After the treaty of Chicago (1821) was negotiated, two 
or three of those voyageurs settled along the Des Plaines and 
Kankakee rivers, making the district their home until the first 
trans-Mississippi movement of the Indians was made in 1833—4. 

In 1826 American emigrants began to direct their attention to 
the country of the Illinois, so that by the close of the year 1831 
a few hamlets could be found between LaSalle and Chicago. 
W. H. "Woodruff, in his Fifti/ Years Ago, states that, " At the 
breaking out of the Black llawk war, fifty years ago, the largest 
settlement, except at Chicago, north of the Illinois river, was 
on Bureau creek, where there were about thirty families. A 
few other settlers had located on the river at Peru and La Salle, 
and a considerable number at Ottawa. On Indian creek, a 
tributary of the Fox, near what is now known as Munson, in the 
town of Freedom, La Salle county, there was a settlement known 
as Davis settlement consisting of eight or ten families. This 
settlement was soon to have a fearful history. At a place then 
known as Holdeman's Grove, near Newark, Kendall county, 
there were five or six families. At Walker's Grove, or Plainfield, 
there were twelve or fifteen families. Along the two branches 
of the Du Page, partly in Will county and partly in Du Page 
county, there were about twenty families. In Yankee settle- 
ment which embraced part of the towns of Homer, Lockport 
and New Lenox, there were twenty or twenty-five families. 
Along the Hickory in the town of New Lenox, including the 
Zarley settlement in Joliet township, there were probably twenty 
families more, and at Eeed's and Jackson Grove there were six 
or eight more. 

Of the Will county settlement, there were residing then in 
Yankee settlement, including in that name Homer and Lock- 
port, and part of New Lenox, the followmg men, most of whom 
had families: John Pettyjohn, 1829; Benjamin Butterfield, 



GENERAL HISTOEY OF WILL COUNTY. 137 

Thomas Fitzsimmous, James Glover, John McMahon, Joseph 
Johnson and two sons, James Eitchey, Edward Poor, Joseph 
and James Cox, John Helm, Salmon Goodenow, Joseph McCune, 
Selah Lanfear, Peter Polly, David and Alva Crandall, Uriah 
Wentworth, John Blackstone, John Ptay, Mr. Ashing, Mr. 
McGahan, Armstead Runyon, Holder Sisson, Calvin Rowley 
and Orin Stevens. 

On the Hickory, from the Des Plaines to Skunk's Grove, 
were the following, most of whom had families: Reason Zarley, 
Philip and Seth Scott, Robert G. Cook and father, Wm. Bills- 
land, Daniel Robb, Jesse Cook, Robert Stevens, Azariah Em- 
mett, David Maggard, John Grover, Isaac and Samuel Pence, 
Thomas and Abram Francis, Aaron Ware, Wm. Gougar and 
sons, Joseph ISTorman and son. Judge John I. Davidson, Lewis 
Kercheval and son, Aaron Friend, Eufus Rice, James Sayers, 
Michael Runyon, Wm. Rice, John McGovney, Wm. Osborn, 
C. 0. Van Horn, Abram Van Horn, Henry Watkins and John 
Watkins, of Chicago. 

In Jackson and Reed's Groves were Charles Reed, Joseph 
and Levi Shoemaker, George and John Kilpatrick, James 
Hemphill, Wesley Jenkins, Charles Coons, Jefferson Ragsdale, 
Henry and George Linebarger and sons, Charles Longmire and 
and Daniel Height, most of them having families. 

The residents of Plainfield or Fort Beggs in 1832, were: 
Jesse Walker and family including Shononise, 1829, James 
Walker and family, Reuben Flagg and family, Timothy B. 
Clark and family, Rev. Stephen R. Beggs and famil.y, John 
Cooper and family, Chester Smith and family, Wm. Bradford 
and* family, Peter Watkins and family, Samuel Shively and 
family, Thos. R. Covel and family, James Matthews and family, 
Mr. Elisha Fish and family; Rey. Wm. See and family, Chester 
Ingersoll and family, James Gilson and family, Robert W. 
Chapman, James Turner, Orrin Turner, John Shutleff and 
Jedediah Wooley, Sr., 1830, who purchased Vermette's squatter's 
interest. 

The settlements on the Du Page comprised that on the east, 
including the junction, now embraced in Will county, and 
the other about Naperville in Du Page county. Of course at the 
time both were included in Cook county. On the east, Du Page, 
were the families of Pierce Hawley and wife, Stephen J. Scott 
and wife, Willard Scott and wife, Walter Stowell and wife, Israel 
P. Blodgett, father of Judge Blodgett, of Chicago, and wife, 
Rev. Isaac Scarrett and wife, Harry Boardman and wife, Robert 
Strong and wife, Seth Wescott and wife, Lester Peet, a hired 
man at Hawley's and another at Harry Boardman's, John Dud- 
ley, Ralph Stowell, Simon Terrell, John Barber and Samuel 
Goodrich. 

Up the west branch was the Naper settlement, or Fort Payne, 



138 



GENEEAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



probably embracing about the same number of settlers. Among 
these were the families of Baily Hobson, Uriah Payne, Capt. 
Joseph Naper, John Naper, H. T. Wilson, Lyman Butterfield, 
Ira Carpenter, John Murray, E. M. Sweet, Alanson Sweet, C. 
Foster, J. Manning, H. Babbit and P. F. W. Peck. 

Wm. Goodwin, of Joliet, Abraham Francis and Wm. Gougar, 
of New Lenox; Ozias McGovney, of Frankfort; James Hemphill 
and Geo. Linebarger, of Jackson; were also among the settlers in 
1832. As many of those ante-bellum pioneers of Will county, 
will be again noticed in the history of their townships as well as 
these who came to the county after 1832, we leave them to 
take up a list of resident and non-resident tax-payers in 1842. 
This roll has been selected on account of its representative 
character, and must be considered a valuable addition to the 
history of the county from its organization to 1842, as it fixes, 
authoritatively, the names and standing of almost all who raised 
the county from its primitive condition to a true worth. 

Roll of Property Owners in 18Jf.2. — Name, township and 
range, value of lands and value of personal property: 



Name. 



T R Val. Val. 
of Per. 
Land Prop 
36 10 .... 35 

83 
339 
257 
130 

48 

N. R. 

168 



T R Val. 
of 



Val. 
Per. 



Uncapah . , 

William 36 10 300 

P. L. W 36 10 .... 

Adams, P. E. W 36 10 800 

Adams, James 37 10 

Adams, Harvey 34 9 

Adams, Charles 37 9 180 

Ahart&Belz 36 10 1,240 

Alexander, S. L 36 10 .... 

Aldrich, Tinner 36 10 .... 

Alford, Linus 36 9 

Alford, S. A 36 9 .... 

Alden, Bbenezer 36 9 

Allen, Isaac 36 11 400 

Alexander, John 36 11 212 

Alexander, Mary 34 9 

Alexander, Hug-h 36 9 1,940 

Alstyne, Burk Van ... .35 9 440 

Alstyne, Isaac Van ... .34 9 1,120 



337 
158 
140 
137 
377 
45 
75 
54 
386 
302 



Archer, W. B . . 

Ames, Alfred E 36 11 

Ames, Alfred E 36 11 

Ambolt, William 35 10 

Ashley, Otis, Jr 36 9 

Ashley, Riley B 36 9 

Ashley, Cyrus 37 9 

Bannon, Michael, Jr 



Land Prop 
N.R. 



10 1,350 

480 
240 



450 
1,227 



Alderman, G. W 36 11 

Alford, Stephen A 37 9 



240 
1,014 



540 
424 

'726 

1,656 
350 
60 
500 



Althouse, Henry 36 10 1 ,700 



914 

2270 

150 N. R. 



400 197 



120 



Allen, B. F 35 10 

Alba, C. B 35 10 

Abbot, Titus H 37 10 

Adler, Michael 35 11 

Abbot, Simon 34 9 

Abram, Francis a5 10 

Anderson, Samuel 35 10 

Anderson, Wm. Mart. .36 10 

Armour, Philip 35 9 

Andreas, Elijah 34 9 

An way, Erastus 36 11 

Atkins, William 36 10 

Atkins, Jerome 35 12 

Atkins, Eliphalet 35 12 

Atkins, John, Sr 35 12 

Atkins, John 35 12 

Atkins, W. & Hollis- 1 , , m 

ter,G P*l° 

Atkinson, John H 36 9 1,500 N. R. 

Atchinson, Ellas a5 10 .... 163 

Austin, Ira 36 11 900 204 



50 
105 

60 

'sii 

182 

300 297 
240 N. R. 



400 



Baker, William 35 11 

Blackburn, W. H 35 10 

Budd, Barruck 35 10 

Bliss, Abel 35 11 

Burt, Henry 35 11 

Blanchard, William. . . .35 11 

Bela Brown 36 9 

Blair, William 36 9 

Beaumont, Josiah 36 9 

Bronson, M. K 36 9 

Brown, Simeon 35 10 

Boardman, W. A 35 10 

Budd, Hosea 34 9 

Bedee, Isaiah J 34 9 

Banner, Michael 34 9 

Burley, John 34 9 

Boyne, Richard 34 9 

Bush, Ed. E., Joliet and W. ( 

Lockport ) 

Bush, E. E. & Co 

Barnett, George.... 36 10 11 1,005 

Baldwin, W. A 36 11 .... 

Bowen, A. W ..Joliet, 35 13 2,665 
Boyne, Michael. . .Lockpoi-t I26 
Brodie, James. .Joliet, 36 10 240 

Bame, John .... Joliet, 36 10 45 

Brinner, John. .Joliet, 36 10 .... 3( 
Brandon, C. W. . JoUet, 35 10 1,145 N. R, 



67 



1,010 
59 



460 165 
.... 700 
,005 1,073 
617 
720 
60 
10 



Burdick, Stanton Joliet 

Boyer, Chas. E Canada 

Barns, E. B Joliet 

Burns, David Lockport 

Bonnell, Aaron. . .Lockport 
Baker, Emerson.. Lockport 
Brown, William L 34 10 



130 
217 



GENERAL HISTOEY OF WILL COUNTY. 



139 



Name. 

Bird, Silas 35 9 

Butterton, William .... 35 9 

Bishop, Ezekiel 35 9 

Baker, Elijah a5 9 

Ballard, James 35 9 

Bill, John Plainfield 

Bill, John 37 9 

Beckwith, A Plainfield 

Brownson, Mrs. . .Plainfield 

Bube, Henry 

Bump, Gill 

Burdick, Lorin 36 9 

Burdle, Goodhue & I q« q 

Hagrer f* ^ 

Beg-g-s, Stephen B 36 9 

Baker, Elijah N 36 9 

Burdick, Justice 36 9 

Burrill, George 36 9 

Burrill, Georg-e 37 9 

Boug-hton, M. C. A. W.37 9 

Brockway, Amos 37 9 

Boland, Andrew W. . . .34 9 

Beach, E.W 36 11 

Boardman, Harrj' 37 10 

Beach, Reuben 36 11 

Butler, Charles 36 11 

Brooks, A. B 36 11 

Blunt, Samuel 

Brewer, John W 35 10 

Brewer, William 36 11 

Buck, Mary 36 10 11 

Butler, B. W 36 9 

Brown, Simeon 35 12 

Blanchard, Hiram 35 11 

Brooks, Zadock 37 10 

Bush, Nathan M 37 10 

Beesey, Joseph R 37 10 

Brooks, W. P 

Barber, John 37 JO 

Brodie, James 37 10 

Bannon, Patrick 35 11 

Bi'own, Squire 35 11 

Blanchard, Ira & Eben35 10 

BiUsland, WiUiam 35 10 

Baum, Joseph 35 10 

Bailey, Daniel 34 10 9 

Behan, Murtagh 34 9 

Benjamin, Merwin 34 9 

Brown, Ara 34 10 

Brown, John & Ara . . .34 10 

Brown, John 34 10 

Brown, Phoebe 34 10 

BroAvn, Sarah 34 10 

Bloom, Henry S 34 10 

Boardman, N . . Wilmington 

Bailey, James 36 9 

Bronson, Cyrus 36 10 

Beard, John & Michael 33 9 

Beard, John, Jr 33 9 

Beard, John, Sr 33 9 

Burr, Wareham 33 9 

Brown, Darius 33 09 

Beckwith, George 

Buchy, Henry 

Bourassa, Leon 

Baker, William 

Bloom, Da\'1d 

Beebe, Dudley, 

Bedee, Abrani 

Broan, Martin 

Burton, Ansel 

Barrett, Jonathan E 

Beebe, Minoris 

Barrett, O. H 



Val. 


Val, 


of 


Per. 


Land Prop 


360 


no 


720 




480 




408 


247 




410 


150 


.50 


522 






120 


100 






50 




85 


45 


157 


2,080 




1,790 






60 




190 


345 


489 


1,376 






312 


250 


87 


12(1 


105 


200 


240 


2,042 


645 


1,009 


1,5;^ 




84 


610 


2;^9 




154 


m) 


157 


480 


2(«) 


1,200 




360 




770 


129 


2,040 


m- 


920 


264 


960 


45 


480 


187 




41 


561 


303 


50 




1,020 


180 




185 


800 


160 


920 




240 




614 


189 


306 


289 


1,200 




1,340 


324 


480 




1,495 


317 


580 


924 


845 






207 


200 


150 


33 




2,186 


467 


467 




240 


170 


905 






261 






45 






1,185 






248 






226 






383 






129 






!7I 






45 






132 






748 






37 






364 






67 



T R Val. Val. 

Name. of Per. 

Land Prop 

Barrett, John H 224 

Bell, David .... Wilmington 220 .... 

Beebe, Dan. & Reviles 537 

Barrett, Jonathan 545 117 

Beebe, William ,35 11 644 261 

Brandon, Chauncey. . .36 10 120 .... 

Baessee, David 36 10 246 .... 

Barber, Royal E 37 10 240 .... 

Burge, Martin 37 10 120 .... 

Brown, Cornelia Joliet 40 

Barker, Catharine Joliet 350 

Butler, Sophia Joliet 300 

Butler, Joliet 40 .... 

Breese, Samuel L Joliet 120 .... 

Beauf ree, Matthew ... Joliet 100 

Boon, John Joliet 100 20 

Barker, John C Joliet 350 .... 

Beauf ree, M Joliet 150 86 

Bennett, Chester Joliet .... 20 

Bennett, John L Joliet 

Brinkerhoff, Martin B. 36 11 960 264 

Bump, Jacob 36 11 920 314 

Boylan, Robert 34 10 660 307 

Bradley, Norman 120 

Brown, Daniel 37 10 560 .... 

Bray, Dominick 132 

Bred, Lyon 41 

Berga, Edward 142 

Beam, Merritt M 33 9 120 .... 

Buck, Bushrod ! fo 11 *'080 • • - ■ 

Boyle, Patrick 34 11 .... 60 

Basey,JohnT aS 9 320 .... 

Boyle, Hugh 53 

Blackburn, T. K 35 10 160 95 

Brinkerhoff, Jas. J ... .35 11 480 49 

Brown, H.J 35 10 640 .... 

Bronson, Arthur 36 9 877 

Brooks, Ben j 194 

Baptist Society... Plainfield 300 .... 

Cazwin, Covell 35 10 640 120 

Culbertson, Thos .. .35 10 11 360 .... 

Cunningham, R. J 35 9 880 25 

Chauncey, Orange Joliet 660 155 

Campbell, Joseph Joliet 47 

Carey, Daniel Joliet 17 

Chatfield, W. A 33 9 3,366 .... 

Catchpole,Dan.E.Plainfl'ld 126 183 

Curtis, James .... Plainfield 100 .... 

Converse, James . Plainfield 60 113 

Clay burn. Arch . . Plainfield 50 .... 

Caton, Thomas... Plainfield .... 95 

Cox, Thomas 33 9 5,887 312 

Cushing, Samuel 130 

Cook, Moses H 125 

Kane, John 96 

Carlin, Philip 101 

Carlin,Hugh 90 

Kane, Cornelius 152 

Chipman, Chauncey 356 

Crosby, Mrs. W 80 

Carten, W 30 

Clifford, C 37 10 480 210 

Clifford, Leander 37 10 976 268 

Cliff oi-d, John 35 10 366 .... 

Clifford, Leonard 37 10 240 34 

Clough, Abram P 37 10 240 .... 

Clark, Barrett B 37 10 240 395 

Chapman, Charles C. . .37 10 120 792 

Colgrove, Lester G. 36 37 9 310 92 

Cobb, S. B Plainfield 400 N. R. 

( 35 10 ) 

Carpenter, Philo •< 34 9 V 1,119 N. R. 

I 87 10 



140 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



T R VaL VaL 

Name. of Per. 

Land Prop 

Carpenter,Mary Smith. .34 9 340 N. R. 

Collins, Addison 36 11 1,694 302 

Collins, Frederick .36 11 1,716 365 

Cameron, Hugh 35 10 366 50 

Corregan, Owen 35 10 .... 78 

Condon, Michael . . : . . .35 10 .... 50 

Campbell, George 35 10 130 .... 

Cook, R. G a5 10 880 281 

Carpenter, David 85 10 327 20 

Cleveland, Thoma s . . . Joliet 50 .... 

Curtiss, Almira 1,047 

Clays, O.&L.M a5 13 793 60 

Clays, Charles C 35 13 168 138 

Clays, Peter 35 12 390 233 

Claj-s, L. M 35 13 730 .... 

Clays, Orlando 113 

Carroll, John 35 11 480 385 

Caldwell, George 343 

Cox, Joseph 944 .... 

Cross, Lyman 36 11 360 336 

Cooper, John .35 11 1,600 375 

Cool, Benj. R 35 11 1.55 

Cross, Cyrus a5 13 600 403 

Chaplin, Charles 350 

Codding, Sally 36 11 240 .... 

Case, Levi 173 

Connor, John 97 

Culver, Sereno 36 9 780 185 

Corbin, Oliver J .36 9 144 370 

Cooper, George 36 9 810 410 

Clark, Erastus .36 9 3*50 .... 

Clark, C 36 9 560 70 

Catoo, John Dean 36 9 3,9.33 N.R. 

Cole, Erastus 403 

Cooper, Samuel W 171 

Cooper, SethP ICO 

Chamberlain, Franklin 175 

Cleary, Edward 88 

Canada (Kennedy), H 138 

Canada (Kennedy;,Dar- 

by 53 

Clinton, James 34 

Cavenaugh, Michael 24 

Clifford, Charles 60 

Clark, Daniel K ,37 11 160 .... 

Clarkson, John 35 11 330 .... 

Carver, Benj Joliet 1,680 .... 

Center, Elisha W 34 9 243 .50 

Culver, Alvah 36 9 890 313 

Cagwiu,Abijah. Joliet, 35 10 2,930 4.33 

Cutter,N. H ] ^ |§ [2,262 31 

Callaghan, Barney .55 

Cagwin, H. A 35 10 640 .... 

Cromwell, Charles 60 

Comstock, A. M. G., 35 4, Jo- 
liet 623 158 

Cosgo (Cosgrove), H...36 10 330 355 

Cassidy, George W . . ] || ];^ j- 3,330 .... 

Curtiss, Daniel 85 

Cowen, Alex 34 9 653 306 

Curtis, Har%ey — Painfleld 

Curtis, Harvey Joliet 735 248 

Curry, John 35 10 1,260 140 

Cox, J. & Hayes E 33 9 895 .... 

Cottrell, John . . Wilmingt'n 20 — 

Campbell, Jos . . . . W. Joliet .500 .... 

Cannon, James... Lockport 75 — 

Carey, Daniel W. Joliet 200 .... 

Crutner, M Joliet 300 .... 

Clement, Cbarles..W. Joliet 2,300 .... 

Carney, Reed Joliet 303 

Chapman, R. W . . . W. Joliet .... 53 



T R Val. Val. 

Name. of Per. 

Laud Prop 

Cooper, Peter Joliet 144 

Carpenter, Chas. M. . .Joliet 178 

Curtiss, James Joliet — 99 

Cotton, William Joliet .... 240 

Claus, Peter Joliet — 62 

Cleaveland, W 35 11 1,040 399 

Carter, Lawrence 36 9 369 — 

Cain (Kane), Foster ... .35 13 60 .... 
Catholic Church Property, I , ~a(. 

Lot 1, B. 20, W. Joliet. \ ^'''^ ' ' ' " 

Doolittle, Richard... Joliet 300 130 

Doolittle, Elijah Joliet .... 115 

Denny, Lysander Joliet 1,566 302 

Duncan, Robt. C Joliet 500 160 

Da-^as, Da\'id B Joliet . . . 175 

Daniels, Caleb Joliet .... 60 

Daggett, John F 36 10 640 183 

Daggett, Chas. D 36 10 240 188 

Daggett, Cornelia 36 10 1,677 .... ^ 

Dodge, Leonard P. ...36 10 .... 36 
( 36 10 ) 

Demmon, M. H ^ 35 10 V 3,310 3,195 

( 37 11 > 

Davis, Allen 140 

Dyer, Jonathan 36 9 1,694 408 

Demmon, M. H Joliet 9,584 . . 

Duncan, Wm 30 

Doty, Ambrose \n^\ *'008 168 

Denny, Allen 35 13 480 440 

Duncan, Telford 35 13 948 84 

Derickson, W. W 

Duncan, M 35 10 468 .... 

Davis, Jacob 117 

Discove, D. M 130 

Daley, James 175 

Davis, Ruf us 34 9 440 413 

Demmon, Chas a5 10 880 279 

Dodge, Pardon 78 

Davis, Samuel 406 

Durham, Joseph 455 

Davison, Dan. P 173 

Dulin, Bluf ord 349 

Dickey, James 143 

Dutton, Abbott 137 

Dean, James R 157 

Doag, Enoch 213 

Duel, John 3.58 

Dodge, Catharine W 96 

Davison, John J 35 11 6,548 3,300 

Dennis, Samuel 105 

Davis, David B 36 10 130 .... 

Davis & Clarkson, J . . .35 10 120 .... 

Eib, Peter 34 10 3,384 585 

Eib, Levi ;34 9 4C0 113 

Bib, George 34 9 400 118 

Eib, Mathias 34 10 348 ... 

Eames, Elbridge G 34 9 130 47 

Evins, Exum 274 

Eames, Walter S 35 9 850 .... 

Egan, W. B 33 9 1,307 N.R. 

Eddy, Ely 36 10 130 93 

Everett, Jesse J 36 9 250 — 

Ely, Richard E . . . Plainfleld 150 .... 

Eames, Mahon 35 13 60 150 

El«berrv, J. N 187 

Eastman, J ....Wilmington 300 40 

Extiner, Allers.Wilmington .... 130 

Elwood, Nelson D 100 

Emerson, J. W . . . W. Joliet 30 .... 

Fishburn,John.Wilmington 500 30 

Finch, Justice . Wilmington — 266 

Fassett, Chauncey S . W'gton .... 60 

Fry, Jacob Lockport — 330 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



141 



Ford, Samuel 



Name. 

Finn, James 

Fitzgibbon, James 

Finney, Barney 

Fosta, Lticien B 36 9 

J'lag-g-, Reuben 36 9 

Freeman, Samuel 36 9 

Foster, Isaac 36 9 

Forbes, W. M 36 9 

Ford, Martin M 35 11 

Frazer, Wm. H 35 11 

Frank, Andrew 35 11 

Francis, Thomas 35 11 

Francis, Abraham 35 11 

Francis, Isaac 35 11 

J'rary, Russell 35 10 

Flanders, Enos 34 10 

( 36 11 I 
■| 35 11 \ 

Forbes, James A 

Forbes, Martin 

Frazer, Alexander 

Frazer, John 

Frear, Elias 

Fisher, John 

Fitzpatrick, Patrick... 36 10 

Fellows, Amos Joliet 

Fitzgerald, Thomas . . 36 11 

Titzgerald, Patrick 

Flanders, . I. Lockport, 36 9 
Fellows, Elisha C — Joliet 

Fellows, Hiram Joliet 

Forrest, WiUiam 35 9 

Fox, Royal 

Frink, Walker & Co 

Frear, L. C. Paine 33 9 

Freeman, Edmund... Joliet 

Greenwood, John 

Gilbert, Mason H 

Gridley, George C 

Gleny, Robert 

Graham, James 

Gilbert, Othneil 

Green, H. & Sayre C. . .35 10 

■Grant, John 34 10 

Gaylor, Homer 

Godfrey, Charles 37 10 

Godfrey, Henry 37 10 

Godfrey, Orrin 37 10 

Gay, George 37 10 

Goodenough, Salmon .37 10 

Geddes, John 35 11 

Geddes, John . . Hickory Cr. 

Granger, Anson 36 11 

Gorham, E 35 11 

Gooden, Charles 36 11 

Glover Mary 36 11 

'Glover, James 36 11 

Gooding, Gasper A ... .36 11 

Gooding, James 36 11 

Gooding, C. . . .Yankee Sett. 

-Goodrich, Samuel 

Griswold, John 36 10 

Goodspeed, Samuel .... 36 9 

Goodspeed, Abigail 36 9 

Gilson, James 36 6 

Goss, Leander 36 10 

Goss, O. W'ton-Joliet, 36 9 

Gozez, Jacob Joliet 

Gains, Sam W Joliet 

Graham, Hiram Joliet 

Grettner, Frederick. .Joliet 

■Gates, Wid Plainfleld 

Gazer, Jas. P 34 10 

"Gray, John 



Val. 


Val. 


of 


Per. 


Land 


='rop 




40 




45 


840 




1,194 


373 




169 




3(H» 




u-z 


300 


30 


640 


2(>5 


880 


77 


1.740 


670 


3,200 


765 


883 


359 


320 


95 


340 


169 


340 


30 




503 




335 




44 




34;^ 




537 




48 


520 


225 


517 


95 


1,380 


233 




41 


1,841 


438 


1,000 


155 


330 




330 






162 




3(1(1 


960 




540 






194 




130 




68 




311 




487 




385 


ZM) 




811 


653 




136 


400 


66 


230 


32 


400 






710 




394 


340 


96 




7(K) 


960 


531 


320 




1,080 


307 


1,170 


164 


580 




3,010 


407 


1,110 


[81 




700 


1,131 


716 


350 


170 


390 




960 


387 


340 


353 


4,310 


432 




25 




207 




175 


300 




50 




130 


166 




135 



Name. 



Val. 

of 

Land 



Goodenow, James — 

Goodenow, Franklin 

Gay, Elhanan 35 9 340 

Goodhue, Ezra j If l| [ ^,700 

Graham, Edward 

Graham, John 

Grant, J . Lockport-Canada 

Goss, Charles 

Gooding, Wm 36 11 1,120 

Gooding, O. P 36 l(j 3,403 

Garland, J.J Joliet 1,380 

Green, Dennison D . . a5 10 340 

Glover, Joseph Joliet 900 

Glover & Woodruff . .Joliet .... 

George, Joel 35 1(J 120 

Green, John Joliet 100 

Green, D. D 

Griffith, J. J 

Graham, Peter 35 9 120 

Gannwood, John 35 10 240 

Gillman.Wm a5 11 240 

Gillis & Shaver 35 10 340 

Gougar, William 35 11 3,160 

Gougar, Nicholas 35 11 730 

Gougar, Daniel 35 1 1 610 

Gougar, John 35 11 640 

Gougar, Jacob a5 11 530 

Gregg & Hudson 

Gerrard, N Joliet 100 

Hays, Edward 

Haven, Curtiss 

Haven, O.H 35 10 60 

Haven, P. A 35 10 177 

Haven,O.H.&P.A]f^l0t[3,030 

Haven, Elias Joliet 780 

Half , Horace m 9 1,441 

Hopkins, Charles B 

House, Rodney Joliet 825 

Harrington, B. O .... Joliet 200 
Herges, Casper _. 

Harrington, Mark T | %i^q^_ \ 600 

Hardy,Otis Joliet 1,100 

Hopkins, Samuel C 

Hopkins, Samuel 35 13 60 

Harris, Jedediah 36 9 440 

Hill, Conrad 

Hart, Patrick 

Hobbs, Richard Joliet 450 

Hardy, George Joliet 10 

Howliston, George. . .Joliet 

Hopkins, Aaron 36 11 2,800 

Haywood, S. & T. C 

Hack, John 

Hawley, Lyman 36 10 4,021 

Hawley, Warren 36 10 480 

Hoag, Ansel 

Hawley, Oscar L 36 10 480 

Heath, Joseph 36 10 1,170 

Hamilton, Prescot I oc ir esn 
Manning, Butterfleld f '*'' -^'^ °*" 
H obbs, R. & Curtiss J . . 36 10 34 

Hui'lev, John 

Haviland, Samuel 35 10 926 

Howell, John removed 

Hardy, Isaac 36 10 11 6,125 

^""'w: L .• * .^.'"■''.^'. 1 36 10 240 
Hanchett, J. L ... Lockport 4.50 

Halloran, Michael 

Hitchcock, Horatius 

Holden, Phineas 35 12 60 



Val. 
Per. 
Prop 



40 
530 



95 

343 

345 

1,500 

75 



145 
115 
155 
30 
50 



333 
105 



345 
34 
50 

194 
25 
37 

345 

450 
1,510 

730 



330 
33 
113 
159 



142 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



Name. 

Harvey, Howard .... 

Huyck, Abraham 

Hamilton, Richard J 
Hatch, John. 



Hager, Jonathan. Plainiield 

Hyland, Benjamin 36 11 

Hubbard, W. H 

Hyde, Elias 

Hopkins, Seymour 36 11 

Huntley, Joseph J , . .36 11 

Hopkins, M ^ .. 

Hartwell, Oliver "{ 37 iJ 1 

Hartwell, Levi 36 11 

Hanford, Comstock. . . .36 10 

Henderson, John 

Holman, R. W 35 11 

Hossack, John 

Hobbie, David R 35 13 

Hopkins, Parlic 

Hatch, John.. .Hickory Crk 

Hime, Cyrus 35 11 

Hatton, Thomas 

Henrepie. James 34 9 

Hadsell, Joseph 

Havens, Samuel 35 11 

Hemphill, James • ■ ■ ■ -j 34 jq ' 
Hasaney (Hennessy) M . . . . 

Hurley, Cornelius 

Hurley, Thomas 

Hurley, Zachariah 

Hurley, James 

Hathaway, Paul 

Hayhurst, William 

Hayhurst, John 

Hamilton, Adam 

Hutton, William 

Haner, David . . 

Hubbard, Gordon S . . .35 11 

Holmes, Myron 35 11 

Hayes, Patrick '.. 

Hig^ginbotham, H. D ..35 10 

Holmes, Asher 35 11 

Hadsell, William 35 10 

HadseU ex. of P. Scott. 35 10 

Hollister, M 36 11 

Hurley, Charles 34 10 

Haywood, T. & S 36 10 

Hayes, Timothy So 9 

Henderson, Hugh. . . . Joliet 

Howe, heirs of 36 9 

Hallum, Isaac W 35 10 

Hartshorn, David 

Hartshorn, D. & Rugg, J . 
Hammell, Godfrey. . .Joliet 

Heath, J. W Joliet 

Hopkins, M 35 13 

Harris, Elijah B 

Hoag, Charles 

Hatton, Leslie 

Hewes, Lyman 

Henderson, William 

Higley, George Joliet 

Hitchcock, C .Joliet 

Hitchcock Joliet 

Hubbard, Abia 

Jones, Ann 

Jones, John R 

Jackson, George 

Jarway, Peter 

Jones, Morris 34 9 

Johnson, Smith 34 10 

Johnson, David 34 9 



Val. 


Val. 


of 


Per. 


Land 


Prop 




W1 




405 


1,511 


317 


48(1 




5:^0 




S'M 


520 



1,995 


818 




186 


480 






488 


60 


55 




82 




i;^^ 


380 


20 




162 


160 


114 




110 


1,630 


516 


[3,206 


236 




137 






410 






211 






266 






60 






309 






.5(1 






318 






270 






146 






100 


610 




1,160 


316 






1,300 


288 


800 


374 


1,433 


2m 


3,3.59 




125 




120 




760 




440 




350 


60 


60 




330 






115 


600 




100 




700 




60 






193 






167 






260 






2t)7 






;« 


350 




358 




340 




120 






120 




132 




188 




20 


340 


122 


800 


355 




300 


70 





T R 


Val. 


Val. 


Name. 




of 


Per, 






Land Prop^ 


Johnson, James 


..a5 10 


480 


23;^ 


Johnson, Joseph 

Ingersoli, A. A 


. .36 11 


960 


446 


..35 12 


60 




Jackson, Elijahs... 


..36 11 


50 


169 


Ingraham, James W 


..36 11 


304 


106 


Judson, L. B 


..36 9 


400 




Johnson, Andrew. . . 




300 


1.50 


Juckett, Leonard V. 


J 


50 


13 






16 


60 


Ingersoli, Harley... 


..36 9 


5(K) 


175 


Jacobs, Benjamin... 




80 




Jack, Charles 


..35 9 


480 




Ingersoli & Flagg. . . 


..36 9 


366 




Jones, Thomas 




.. 


2(K 


Johnson, I. W. .Wilmington 


75 


95 


Jenkins, Alex. A.Lockport 


30 




Jones, Thomas B.... 


.Joliet 


140 




Johnson, Elijah 






67 


Jessup, Isaac 


..34 9 


340 


385 


Jessup, Ladis & Wilson34 9 


1.50 




Jenks, Levi W 


Joliet 


530 


140 


Ingersoli, Chester. . . 


J 36 9 
1 Joliet 


[778 


350 


Jones, Robert 


( 34 35 1 
1 36 37 f 


13,073 


3,933 


King, George 


..35 10 


280 


50 


Kelly, William 


..33 10 


68 


1.52 


Kelly, W. P. Adeline 






266 


Kelly, James W 






215 


Keeney, Hamilton.. 






208 


Kelly, Thomas 






103 


Kirkpatrick, John. . 






163 


Kile, Jerusha 






144 








61 


Kvrk, Edward 






120 


Kile, Reason 






143 


Kirkpatrick, Joseph 






168 


Knapp, Solomon 


..35 10 


130 


45 


Knapp, Ira 


..34 9 


500 


188 


King, Tuthill 


.Joliet 


545 




Kelly, Timothy 


.Joliet 


550 




Ketcham, David .... 


..a5 13 


60 


42 


Knapp,T. M 


..36 11 


1,120 




Keane, Thomas 






216 


Kinzie, Thomas ..Plainfield 




1(( 


Keer, John D 






90 


Kitrin, John 


..36 11 


200 




Kennedy, Hugh— see 
Lyon, Hiram Plf 


Canada C 




linfield 




m 


Lamb, D. W Plainfleld 


20 




Linebarger, H. &G. 


..35 10 


259 




Linebarger, George . 


..34 10 


973 


607 


Linebarger, Henry. 
Leary, Thomas 


..35 10 


i,4a3 


616 






30 


Lush, Israel 






72 


Letts, David 


..35 11 


1,438 




Little, Wallace A . . . 






467 


jjQtrg William L 






186 








167 


Leg'g, Lorenzo D 






287 


Lemma Peter 






95 


Lafountain, Charles 






150 




. 37 10 


400 




Laughlan, William . 


..37 10 




Laton, William 






iV2 




. .36 11 


600 


249 


Lane, John 


..36 n 


960 


399. 


Leach, Alonzo 






360 








63 


Lattz, David 






58 


Lutz, Alexander B.. 






140. 


Langdon, John 

Lindsay, James ...re 


..35 9 


540 


24 


moved 




105 


Lang, Thomas J 


.35 13 


130 


347- 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



143 



T R Val. Val. 

Name. of Per. 

Land Prop 

Lamping, Peter 75 

Law, Henry Joliet 300 229 

Lawler, Richard D 25 

Leggard, Chauncey.W'm'tn 10 

Longmire, Charles 34 9 1,010 104 

Loomis, Hiram a5 9 240 

Little, Doctor Joliet 350 

Lee, G. W Joliet 150 .... 

Marr, S. M Joliet .... 600 

Matthewson, Julius... 36 10 800 .... 

Mattheson, Joel A . ] ^^Jl [ 4,238 632 

Mattheson, Joel A.. .Joliet 200 

Messenger, Norman. . .37 10 490 

Mulligan, John 36 10 1,392 391 

Mills, John C 

Morse, Horace 36 11 600 726 

Miller, John M 34 10 383 .... 

McKee, James • ■ ] -^ joHet [ ^'''^^ ^^ 

McGoveny, J !..35 13 480 566 

Mangan, Joseph 36 

Mason, Hall S 36 11 640 77 

Moulton, Lathrop 80 

Manning, Joel 465 

Manning & Rucker.... 36 10 240 .... 

McNamara, John 85 

McKenna, John 25 

McCuttiag, Barney 105 

Morehouse, Michael 470 

McLaughlin, Edward 128 

McMahon, Michael 65 

Morris, Gardner 50 

Metcalf , Hardy 35 9 844 272 

McKeon, Peter 34 9 240 167 

MUler, Hendrick .36 9 1,600 140 

Morgan, William E.... 36 9 180 140 

Miles, Orson Plainfield 150 40 

Morgan & Ray 37 9 606 .... 

Moore, Ben j. H... Plainfield 20 .... 

Morse, William 50 

Miller, Horace 36 9 120 117 

Meacham, Lyman 37 10 1,939 325 

Mulligan, John, for Roger's 

heirs Lockport 7,400 

McKenzie, Dimcan 105 

Mahoney, Jeremiah 155 

McCarthy, James 155 

Messenger, Horace.... 36 11 1,400 326 

Messenger, William . . Joliet 450 .... 

Martin, Edward 36 11 118 219 

Mack, Daniel .36 11 960 105 

Marvin, James B 36 10 480 260 

Mace, George 36 11 960 347 

Moore, Andrew 100 

Myers, Peter ,35 10 240 130 

Merrick, R.S 35 11 240 .... 

Merrill, Austin S 36 9 297 .... 

Marshall, George 35 11 970 75 

Martin, Morris 37 10 .... 130 

Moffett, Giles 33 10 537 .... 

Marshall, Rollin 35 11 961 228 

McMahon, Thomas ... .35 12 60 101 

Marshall, Nathan 35 12 60 276 

Mousey, Jonathan 35 10 160 94 

Moore, Aaron 35 10 1,040 774 

McKeon, Joseph 35 9 1,040 282 

McCarthy, Tim 46 

Moore, Henry 33 10 675 315 

Morgan, B. F 152 

Murphy, Thomas 96 

Merryfield, James M. . .37 10 159 .... 

McGillwray, Daniel 116 

Marquette, Antione 417 



T R Val. Val. 

Name. of Per. 

Land Prop- 

Mullligan, Henry 46 

Marsh, Edwin 26 

Marsh, Quartus 226 

Mcintosh, Peter.. Wilm'ton 150 .... 

Monteith, Duncan 33 10 660 226 

Mcintosh, Daniel 33 10 703 521 

Miller, Nathaniel 283. 

McCoy, Thomas 35 9 240 .... 

McDonald. Asa 425 

Morgan, Israel 35 9 1,440 

Morey, Joseph 37 10 240 

Miller, John 37 10 660 274 

Morrison, Archibald 330' 

Marshall, Ch ester 35 11 1,367 499 

McCanus, John 34 10 240 .... 

Martin, Hylon 27 10 240 .... 

Morrison, Michael. Lockp't 150 

Morrow, Peter O. Lockport 50 

Morris, John 35 9 240 .... 

Martin, Edward 37 11 240 .... 

McCollum, Mr Joliet 400 .... 

Mack, F Joliet 900 .... 

Makepeace, George.. Joliet 600 ... 

Miller, Peter G Joliet .... 125 

Mahon, M. C Joliet 350 ... 

Murphy, John Joliet 20 

Moffett, Jonas Joliet 40 

McCoy, Lorenzo 184 

Mitz, Adam 

Mclntj're, Archibald I oo m oon 

A.P.Stewart (-^ ^" ^"" •■•• 

McGlover, Farrand 130 

Martin, James 33 10 120 260. 

Mclntyre, Archibald.. 33 10 1,350 899 

Mclntyre, Duncan 33 10 780 24 

Marvin, R. D Joliet 120 .... 

Merrick, Willard Joliet 160 .... 

McGinnis, Mrs Joliet 320 

McMaster & Hunter 150 

]\ I cMaster, William 60 

Monroe, Lawrence 50 

Murphy, John ."^0 

McCollum, Gustavus 140 

Mitchell, Franklin . . . Joliet .... 158 

Mitchell & Rolf.. Wilm'gt'n 400 .... 

Messenger, George A 35 

Mcintosh, Bradie 45 

Milks, John 81 

McKennon, Thomas 30 

McClintock, M 34 9 1,000 .... 

Milgrave, James 34 9 140 

IMoulton, Frederick 20 

McWhen'y & Cliflord.L'kp't 75 .... 

Mix, Stephen 37 10 30 .... 

Methodist Episc'p'l Society, } ,,^1 

L.. 5 & 6, B. 4, East Joliet, f *^ • ■ • 
Methodist Episcopal Ass'n, ] Q-n 

Pars'nage & Ch, Pl'nf 'Id . . f ^'^ • ■ ' ■ 

Nicholls, Samuel Joliet loO 

Northrup, Norman . .Joliet — 134 

Nicholls, William .... Joliet .... 483 

Nelson, Joel Joliet .54 

Northrup, Francis 36 11 880 50 

Nickerson, Oscar 36 11 375 

Niver, Morris 159 

Newton, Hollis 246 

Newton, Erastus 36 10 2,000 995 

Nally, James 10 

Norman, Joseph 35 9 480 165 

Norton, Hiram. ■[ ^*''^^^°5o 1 ^'^^° ^'^^^ 

Norton, Sylvanus B 369 

Noel, Michael 36 10 498 380 

Noon, Thomas 35 9 240 .... 



144 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



T R VaL 

Name. of 

Land 

Norton, Jesse O Joliet 300 

NicholsoD, Francis 

Newell, R. L Lockport 

Nicholls, Patterson. . . .36 11 2,320 
Newman, Ebenezor . .Joliet 300 

O'Brien, John 34 9 338 

Owen, Francis 35 13 391 

Og-le, John 36 11 130 

O'Connor, John 65 

O'Connor, L.... I Lockport j. 1330 

Osg-ood, Uri Joliet 680 

Osburn, James . . . Lockport 400 

Olney, Hiram 36 11 840 

O'Neil, Cornelius. .Du Page .... 

Porter & Kimball 35 11 360 

Parrish, David 35 11 940 

Pollock, Robert 

Plouteaux, Jean B 

Partee, Joseph 34 10 1,035 

Porter, Moses 36 11 1,974 

Parker, John 37 10 340 

Perkins, Edwin l 35 n r 4,9''25 

Putnam, B.H 33 9 340 

Payne, John G. A 

Payne, Otto 

Pierce, William L 36 10 838 

Paxton, Amos 37 10 400 

Polly, Peter 33 9 198 

Petty, John Andraw 

Penoyer,Mr 34 9 130 

Potts, Arthur 33 10 840 

Poiter, David 

Porter, James 34 10 440 

Pettis, Charles 35 11 300 

Page, Senecca 

Prentice & Smith 36 9 360 

Poor, Edward 37 10 840 

Paddock, W., Jr. I L°°^^^°ij [ 350 

Paddock, Walter 

Pearson, Hix-am 36 11 960 

Peck, William 36 11 1,180 

Peck, W. C 36 11 400 

Poor, Anderson -j la n [ -4^ 

Peck, D. B. &„A. D .... 36 11 440 

Pearson, Myron 36 9 1,030 

Peck,PhiloW 37 9 35 

Peck, Philander 

Peck, W. B 34 9 1,0-53 

Petting-all, Plicebe . Plainf 'Id 130 

Phillips, John E 

Phillips, Otis B 

Pierce, William 37 10 90 

Phillips, Milton 

Parks, J. M. & Co 

Parks, Joel M .... Lockport 650 

Pearson, John 

"^Patrick, A. F 

Preston, John B . . Lockport 60 

Pratt, Allen Lockport 150 

Porter, Chas. K 36 10 360 

Paxon, A. C. & M. J .... 37 10 340 

Prescott, Dan. K 36 10 340 

Porter, Jonathan G 

Prize, James 

Porter, B. & P 

Prescott, E. S Joliet 1,150 

Peat. William 37 10 48u 

Pratt, Samuel S 36 9 345 

Palmer, Benjamin 

Prentiss, J. H W. Joliet 300 



Val. 




T R 


Per. 


Name. 




Risley, Hamilton D.. 


..35 9 


60 


Rowan, Hugh 


..35 10 




Richards, David .... 


. .35 10 




Rowan, Patrick 


..35 9 




Rowan, Catharine . . 


..35 9 


130 


Reeder, Daniel 




143 


Reed, Harvey 


36 10 




Reed, Thomas 


. 36 10 




Rucker, Joshua 


..36 10 




Richards, Martha M 






Robertson, CO.. . 





185 
93 
49 

346 



145 
100 

689 

'sio 

147 

"80 
144 
106 
34 
134 



319 

30 
80 
515 

'183 
430 



Val. 


Val. 


of 


Per. 


Land 


Prop 


1,618 


508 


96 


30 


340 


357 


480 


16 




36 




137 


9(K) 


343 


1,360 


473 


130 


343 




375 



Riley, Cornelius 
Reed, William. 



Rogers, Michael . 



Ryan, Michael 36 11 10 

Roberts, M 35 9 

Ross, George 

Ross, John 36 11 

Ross, Jacob 

Rowley, Jirah 36 11 

Hiram, Rich 34 9 

Runyan, A .Lockport, 36 10 

Rice, Miles Plainfleld 

Rickey, Thomas H ... .36 9 
Robertson, Elijah E... 36 9 

Royec, Jonathan 

Ritchey, James 36 11 

Rowley, Joseph B 36 11 

Reed, Alexander 

Rowlej', Hiram 36 11 

Rowley, Phineas 36 11 

Rowly, Calvin 36 11 

Runyan, Michael 35 11 

Rej-nolds, Newton 35 11 

Revnolds, Joseph S 35 11 

Robb, Daniel a5 10 

Rogers, M a5 10 

Rowell, H. H 35 10 

Roderick, Joseph 34 9 

Roderick, George 

Reed, Elvas aS 10 

j34 9 
(33 10 

Roderick, Jacob ] ^ -^ 

Rhodes, Jabez 

Reed, Aaron 

Rand, William 

Richardson, Ezi'a 

Ripley, David E 

Rice, Rutus 

Rice, James 

Rice, Madison 

Runyan, Jerrard 36 10 

Rugg, Jason Lockport 

Robertson, Lucius 

Robbins, L. J 

Row, Wm 

Rattery, David 37 10 

Robry, James 37 10 

Reed, Charles 34 10 

Reynolds, John M 35 11 

Ridge way, Daniel 37 10 

Reeder, Daniel Joliet 

Roberts, D. L Joliet 

Rogers, A. T Joliet 

Rolf, Samuel Joliet 

Rourke, Peter Joliet 

Richardson, Wm loliet 

Rankin, Ransom . . Joliet 

Rice, Wm. R a5 13 

Rice, Elijah 34 11 

Roberts, Mr 35 9 

Richardson, Benj 

Reed, Charles 33 9 







233 


761 


293 




175 


1,961 


163 


13il .... 


3,52.'^ 


343 


141 


303 


73.n 


233 


871 


228 




610 


1,795: 


276 


1,931 


345 




iai 


561 


83 


34( 


147 


3,45- 


775 


73( 


470 


3,56( 


530 


8,381 


439 


681 


340 


61 




1,000 .50 


15») 207 




173 


720 .... 


1,360 150 


760 301 




70 




120 






146 






45 






105 






48 






80 






130 


8 


1 157 


6 


1 133 




307 




150 




92 


13 


1 35 


49 


> 247 


4^) 




97 


1 185 


24 




40 




65 




40 




15 






250 




310 




60 


34 


D 197 




24 





GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



145 



Name. 



Val. 

of 

Land 



Rease, Joseph 

Rossetter, David B 36 9 3,545 

Riddler, John I 

Stewart, Peta W J 33 ^g [ 3,041 

Stewart, F. D. S 33 10 560 

Stewart, Daniel 33 10 180 

Smith, P ...Plainfleld, 34 9 469 

Stewart, Peter S 37 10 360 

Stewart, Daniel 37 10 370 

Stewart, Nathan 37 10 SO 

Simpson, John 36 11 760 

Smart, James 

Strait, Ira 

Smith, Samuel 

Smith, James N 

Slaughter, De Witt 

Sisson, Holder 36 10 993 

Scroggins, Benj 

Smith, Timothy 

Selvey, James W 

Smith, Nathan 

Shad ley, Daniels 

Savox, Joseph 

Spicer, George 37 10 760 

Sprag-ue, Thomas 37 10 560 

Swift, Shubal 37 10 900 

Seybert, James 

Strunk, John 

Seward, H. F 

Sackett, Morton B. ...34 9 617 

Shoemaker, Joseph .... 33 9 800 

Smith, Mary S. and / o, o Aan 

Philo Carpenter. ..("**" *''" 

Short, Isaac 

Scott, Seth 35 10 433 

Schermerhorn, C. B. . . . 34 9 530 

Scott, Jedediah a5 10 300 

Smith, Robert R 35 13 130 

Smith, Truman 35 12 60 

Smith, Carlos . 

Smith, Julius a5 10 12 140 

Seymour, M 35 13 120 

Stevens, Sheppard... 

Smith, Ruf us a5 13 1,336 

Smith, Archibald 35 12 110 

Sandf ord, Adam 

Sammons, Jacob 

Smith, David 

Still, John a5 11 833 

Snapp, A Joliet, 36 10 2,364 

Smith, Albin 36 10 11 360 

Simmons, Philander... 35 11 340 

Steel, George 36 11 450 

Streetor, Zimri 

Savage, Le\-i 36 11 500 

Strong, Robert 

Scan-et, Isaac 

Smith, Leander 

Smith, Reuben W 

Shelden, Michael 

Snyder, Savory 

Sherwood, Stephen 

Sanborn, William 36 9 1,318 

Sanborn, T. C. & A ... .36 9 600 

Sanborn, Wm 36 9 130 

Sterns, Nathaniel . Plainfleld 300 

Sherman, Lewis 36 9 477 

Smith, Chester's heirs .36 9 1,680 

Shutliff , Benj 

Sellridge, Lorenzo B ..35 9 429 
Self ridge, George W ..35 9 130 

Sage, Elizur 

Sage& Willard 34 9 397 



Val. 

Per. 

Prop 

60 

769 

1,030 



513 

343 
213 

255 
143 
142 
484 
195 
244 
160 

68 
140 
132 
199 

70 
306 
274 
763 

50 
159 



375 
137 
94 
163 

99 
83 

113 

354 
92 

183 
144 

251 
1,009 
138 
153 
461 
Zi\ 
1.53 
385 
388 
132 
488 
516 
156 
345 



T R Val. VaL 

Name. of Per. 

Land Prop 

Sage, Willard & Fellows34 9 70 .... 

Scott, Ed. R :J4 11 1,571 596 

Stewart, Neal ,55 

Shea, Edward 85 

Shannon, Thomas 36 

Semington, William.. Joliet 15 

Smith, Andrew ,56 

Singer, Horace 365 

Sears, John 45 

Schofield, William.. ..35 10 1,880 80 

Smith, William 37 10 18 73 

Sampson, Benjamin 170 

Smith, Barton.. Joliet, 35 10 1,030 928 

Sutliff , Julius 320 

Squire, George 35 9 480 71 

Stone— 35 10 1,010 .... 

Shoemaker, Ma thcAV ] '^jj^^ |- 630 .... 

Smith, James 45 

Shieles, Michael 75 

Shoemaker, Jos. &Cath35 10 640 185 

Shoemaker, Robert. ... 35 10 400 ... 

Shoemaker, M. & M 100 

Sutton, William . . W. Joliet ,50 ... 

Shoemaker, Michael . . Joliet 600 

Shurz, Jacob 100 30 

Stillman & Cook 590 

Stout, James 70 

Smith, Charles A 36 10 240 .... 

Small, Patrick 35 9 340 ... 

Stevens, Robert 35 9 3,525 1,076 

Shepard, A Joliet, 35 10 2,a50 110 

Stevens, Robert Joliet 360 .... 

Spellman, Martin. Lockport 150 

Smart, William "J H n [ ^40 .... 

Sheriff Williams . ...Joliet 300 .... 

Stillman, O. W Joliet 1,50 

Sampson, B. B Joliet 350 

Stact, James Joliet 10 .... 

Shipman, Godfrey. ...33 9 340 

Stuart, W.W 35 13 60 .... 

Sanborn, William a5 13 60 .... 

Safford, Jos. B 235 

Smith, Russell 223 

Sprague, Ephraim 35 9 180 

Sargent, Enoch 428 

Schermerhorn, Peter.. 34 9 1,003 

Schermerhorn & Mer- / o< o em 

rick (34 9 640 .... 

Sayre, Charles Joliet 1,601 135 

Shearer, John 42 

Smith, Jedediah 33 9 479 .... 

Stephens, Henry K . Joliet 3,510 181 

Stewart, Peter . Wilmington 3,000 

Thompson, Daniel 88 

Tanner, John, Jv 333 

Tuttle, Amos . Wilmington 150 90 

Thompson, S. C.Wilm'ton 320 68 

Thomas, Martin 60 

Till, Morris 165 

Talcott, E. B . . Lockp't, 36 10 1,070 225 

Toole, John Lockport 60 

Toole, James 28 

Tighe, Francis 20 

Turney, James. Joliet, 36 10 7.50 143 

Twiss, Wid. Betsy.Plainfield 150 10 

Turner, J. M 36 9 630 45 

Tyler, Simon B 37 9 700 24 

Tuttle, Sally Plainfleld 70 .... 

Taylor, Solomon Joliet 350 

Tuttle, F.B Plainfleld .... 30 

Tyler. Daniel Plainfleld .... ,50 

Towner, Fran. E . Plainfleld .... 274 



146 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY, 



T R Val. Val, 

Name. of Per. 

Land Prop 

Tibbets, Thomas . . Plainfleld .... lOT 

Taylor, James B . . Plaintteld .... 130 

Tickner, Luman . . Plainfleld — 214 

Telfer, George Still 560 140 

Talvert, Richard 36 

Tracey, James 60 

Trustees, Sch.Town- 1 oft n -i^n 

ship 35, Rang-e 13 f ^^ ii idu .... 

Thornton, W. A. Oary.35 9 1,315 310 

Treat, Stephen D 34 9 619 173 

Treat, Isaiah M 34 9 160 .... 

Treat, Seymour 34 9 39T 394 

Treat, Carleton 34 9 330 .... 

'^''''fan^w''^^^"^^ ^ ^ 306 .... 

Thornburgh,'Wiliiam..34 9 340 330 

Thornburg-h, Robert.. 34 9 400 193 

Thornburgh, John 34 9 560 .... 

Todd, Hiram 372 

Thatcher, Allen 144 

Thompson, Seymour 160 

Taylor, Justin 36 10 3,895 510 

Taylor, Philo 178 

Taylor, Almon 36 10 530 .... 

Tryon, George 34 9 840 191 

Tryon's Russell Heirs.. 34 9 437 — 

Thompson, James .. .34 9 130 .... 

Templeton, James 34 9 160 140 

Torry, Henry 06 

Thomas, A.masa S 37 10 60 .... 

Taylor, B.D W. Joliet 5,635 N. R. 

Ur'am, Jonathan 148 

Underwood, Thomas.. 34 10 363 243 

Urquahart, Hugh aS 9 340 .... 

Van Riper, John H 307 

Van Riper, John J 36 9 2,020 .... 

Van Dusen, John 35 11 510 503 

Van Home, Mathew 337 

Van Home, Cor. C 110 

Vassan, Noel 1,171 

Van Meter, Thomas R 934 

Venkirk, George W 1.56 

Van Dusen, George... 35 11 300 1.58 

Van Meter, James W 301 

Van Decan, Silas 145 

Williams, Mrs. Lucy 366 

Williams, John C 36 11 3,302 .... 

Williams, W. H. & Co . . 36 1 1 430 .... 

Williams & Clark 36 11 640 ... 

Williams, Wm. H 3611 2,433 .... 

Williams, Ashley 36 11 240 .... 

Williams, E.S 36 11 360 .... 

Williams, Chas. A 36 11 240 .... 

Woodruff, John B 200 

Warren, Daniel Joliet 

Wilson, John L 50 

Willard, Gipsom 34 9 800 3.50 

Whalen, John 65 

Wickens, Joseph 337 

Wilson, John Q. Joliet, 35 10 1,653 . . . 

Woodruff, E.B. Joliet, 35 10 4,480 1,7.53 

Walsh, Nathaniel 143 

Watkins, Robert 103 

Williams, John 371 

Williams, Samuel 34 10 600 ... 

Williams, Joseph 34 10 640 .... 

Watkins, Benj 34 9 400 .... 

Williams, Luther 36 11 600 .... 

Ward, John E 63 

Wilson, Samuel 50 

Ward, Hannibal 37 10 591 71 

Watkins, Darius 80 

Webb, Thomas heirs of .37 10 1,887 . . 

Wescott, Seth 37 10 3,200 533 



T R Val. Val. 

Name. of Per. 

Land Prop 

Warren, Hiram 37 10 ] ,440 583 

Wheeler, Mansfield .... 35 10 2,640 .... 

Waldnem, Albert 179 

Watkins, John a5 11 784 .... 

Watkins, Philo 35 11 240 .... 

Williamson, John 261 

Wood, Willard 90 

Walsh, Rostom 40 

Worl, John 197 

Wadley, Case 83 

Woodard, Edwin 192 

Worcester, Philip 130 

Wear, John 35 13 480 135 

Worcester, Lewis 254 

Wogent, Wm. L 119 

Wear, Aaron a5 11 1,180 366 

Weeks, Nathaniel 36 11 900 385 

Weeks, Joseph 113 

Wells, Wm. C ; - . 406 

Weaver, Benj 36 11 1,900 301 

Weaver, Nathaniel ... .35 11 2,060 105 

Whalen, Samuel 200 

Wright, W Plainfleld 350 408 

Wood, Chas 42 

Walker, James 74 

Willard, Thomas 35 9 120 16 

Wooley, Jeddiah, Sr.. 35 9 1,225 337 

Wooley, Thomas 35 9 240 .... 

Wooley, Robert 35 9 25 73 

Ward, John 35 9 1,080 285 

Wilson, Chas. L Joliet 100 .... 

Wade, Thomas J Joliet 4,000 406 

Williams, Thomas ....37 10 608 294 

Walters, Wm Joliet 3,000 85 

Wilcox, Edmund 1,605 

Waters, Wm Joliet 200 20 

Wormwood, Valentine 35 

Woodruff, Geo. Joliet, 36 9 1,600 368 

"Wright, Abner. Wilmington 175 26 

Whitton, John.Wilmnigton 20 720 

Wright, N Wilmington 140 48 

White. Lyman Joliet 300 75 

Worthington, M 31 

Wade, John 120 

Wooley, Jeddiah Jr... 35 9 150 86 

Williams, Wm .... Lockport 100 ... 

Watkins, Peter 34 9 240 .... 

Wooley, J. & W. P a5 9 160 ... 

Willard, Reuben 34 9 100 65 

Wheaton, Josiah 89 

Waters, Roger 27 

Wright, James 316 

Will, John B 145 

White, C . . . . Lockport, 36 10 890 374 

Widdie, George 50 

Williams, James 37 10 240 .... 

Wilson, John M Joliet 4,016 100 

Williams, Thomas 37 10 360 .... 

Walley, James .... Lockport 100 .... 

Witherell, John Joliet 210 ... 

Woodruff, Geo. H.... Joliet 350 . .. 

Walker, Charles Joliet 300 ... 

Williams, Ebenezer... 36 9 36 93 

Wheeler, Andrew B... 36 9 186 .... 

Yake, Michael Joliet 300 44 

Young, James L..Wilm't'n 95 25 

Young, Nicholas 217 

York, Thomas 36 19 600 55 

Yates, Andrew 80 

Young, William D 174 

Young, George 34 10 364 199 

Zarley, Reason 35 10 1,330 543 

Zumwalt, Joseph 34 10 929 157 

Zumwalt, Jacob 34 9 1,139 386 



GENEI IL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 14Y 

The total assessed yaitie of lands and personal property 1842 
was as follows: Value of resident owners' land in country and 
villages, 1564,794; of personal property, $209,179, giving a 
total of $773,973. The value of non-residents' lands in the 
country was $339,710, as follows: Wilmington, 1540; Joliet, 
^9,778; East Joliet, $7,870_; West Joliet, $2,885; Additions to 
Joliet, $125; Bowen's addition to Joliet, $2,145; Campbell's 
addition to Joliet, $440; school sections of Joliet, $17,667; 
Cassedy's addition to Joliet, $3,280; Runyan's Lockport, $1,133; 
East Lockport, $1,295; Archer's addition to Lockport, $1,925, 
aggregating $385,762. This with value of residents' property 
gives a total value of $1,159,735. The above is a recapitulation 
of assessment by Isaac Jessup, assessor, in 1842. 

During the years 1834-6, the people of this county were 
animated with the same spirit of enterprise which marked the 
Legislature of those times. It was a season of ambition when 
every business venture seemed to wait inauguration only to 
claim success. In 1836, the village of Palmyra was laid out for C. 
W. Brandon. During the era of great paper enterprises, the cities 
of Lunenburg, Athens, New Buffalo, Scotchtown, JSTew Rochester, 
Williamsburg, Kepotaw, Middletown, Swifton (now Channa- 
hon), Vienna, Chelsea, Romeo, Carlisle and AVest Lockport were 
platted; Sliermanville was a recent'venture. The map of to-day 
does not give more than two of these locations, viz.: Romeo and 
Channahon. The last named village, originally known as the 
mouth of the Du Page, possesses beauty of location and rich 
agricultural surroundings. While the county has advanced from 
an assessed valuation of $1,159,735 in 1842, to a true value ap- 
proximating $36,000,000 in 1883-4, many of the old villages 
have disappeared entirely, a few of them hold their own, such 
as Wilmington (Winchester) and Lockport; while Joliet has 
exceeded in her manufactures and commerce the brightest day 
dreams of founders and old residents. 

OrganiG and Political History. — On the organization of 
Illinois Territory in 1809, it w?s divided into the counties of 
Eandolph and St. Clair. In 1818, the whole northwest part 
of the State belonged to Madison as set off from St. Clair on 
the establishment of State government. In 1821, Pike county 
was found, and in 1823 Fulton county was organized. "When 
this (Fulton) county was established and for over two years 
thereafter, it extended east and west from the Illinois to the 
Mississippi rivers, and from the base line near where Rush- 
viUe, Schuyler county, now stands, to the northern boundary 
of the State, including the country where Rock Island, 
Galena, Peoria, Joliet and Chicago now are. It was indeed 
a large county, and embraced what is now the wealthiest 



148 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL C'3UNTY. 

and most populous portion of the great West. The great 
lead mines of Galena had not jfiC been discovered, and Chi- 
cago was only a trading and military post. In 1825 the 
Legislature created Peoria county and attached to it for all 
county purposes all the country lying north of it within this 
State on both sides of the Illinois river as far east as the 
third principal meridian. The Commissioners' Court of that 
county convened for the first time March 8, 1825. 

Going back to 1831, we find that the Cook county Com- 
missioners' Court, under the act organizing the county, was 
opened March 8 of that year. The first record we have is 
that " Samuel Miller, Gholson Kercheval and James Walker, 
Commissioners of Cook county, were sworn into office by J. 
S. C. Hogan, Justice of the Peace. AVilliam See was ap- 
pointed Clerk of the Commissioners' Court, who, after being 
duly sworn and giving bonds 'according to law, the Court 
proceeded to business.' Archibald Clybourne was appoint- 
ed County Treasurer, and an order passed that the ' S. W. 
fraction of Sec. 10 in T. 39 N., K. 11 East of the third prin- 
cipal meridian, be entered for County purposes.' At the 
next meeting, March 9, the Treasurer is authorized to bor- 
row one hundred dollars, with which to enter the land 
before mentioned, and he is directed ' not to give more than 
six per cent interest.' It is also ordered that Jesse Walker 
be employed to enter the land, that Jedediah Woole}^ be 
nominated to the Governor for County Surveyor, and that 
there be three precincts in the county of Cook, to wit: 'the 
Chicago Precinct,' the 'Hickory Creek Precinct,' and the 
' Du Page Precinct." The boundaries of these three pre- 
cincts were established, Judges of Election appointed, and 
the times and the places of holding the same. Grand and 
Petit Jurors were selected." 

In 1832 the Commissioners' ordered a road to be laid out 
"from the town of Chicago, the nearest and best way to the 
house of the widow Brown, on * Hycory creek,' and that 
James Kinzie, Archibald Clybourne and K. E. Heacock be 
the viewers." From a statement returned by the Sheriff of 
Cook county, April 4, 1832, it is shown that the amount 
of the tax list on real and personal property, for the year 
ending March 1st, 1832, was $148.29; and that the non-resi- 
dent delinquent tax list amounted to $10.50. Of this amount 
there had been paid into the treasury $142.28. The Treas- 
urer's report for the same period shows that the amount re- 
ceived from licenses "to keep tavern," seU goods, etc., was 
$225.50 ; taxes paid in, as per Sheriff's report, were $132.28 — 



GENERAL HISTORY OE WILL COUNTY. 149 

total, S357.78 — and to balance this amount, the Treasurer 
reports license tax delinquencies to the amount of |88.50. 
Paid out for County Orders, $252.35 — leaving balance m 
the treasury of §15.93. 

In Mr. Calhoun's Democrat of JN'ovember 25th, 1835, we 
find the first census of the town of Chicago, and the county 
of Cook. The town then contained 3,265, and the county 
9,773 inhabitants. Mr. Calhoun speaks of this as a very en- 
couraging increase, as the county contained only a very few 
inhabitants when it was organized in 1830. As late as the 
2(»th of January, 1836, he regrets to learn that Will county 
is to be set off from Cook, as it will probably '' lessen our 
political infiuence in the State." 

The organization of Will county followed in 1836. Geo. 
II. Woodruff, dealing with this important event in the his- 
tory of the county, says: "During the winter of 1835-36, 
through tlie efforts of our citizens, especially James Walker 
and Dr. A. W. Bowen, who went to Vandalia as members 
of the Third House, and who were both shrewd and inllu- 
ential men, an act was passed creatine- the county of Will. 
It received its name from Conrad mil, a member of the 
Legislature wdio had died just before. Governor Ford, in his 
history, says, that he was chiefly remarkably for his good 
nature. We accept the name as a just compliment to our 
people. Dr. Bowen got inserted in the act a provision 
locating the county seat not only in Joliet, but on the public 
square which Campbell had had the sagacity to appropriate 
for that purpose. Thus the East Side made a second point 
on us of the West Side (it had already got the postoffice). 
An election was ordered in March for a Sheriff, tiiree Coun- 
ty Commissioners, Recorder and Coroner. A convention 
was called to nominate the county officers. This was held 
in the upper room of the old Demmond Block, which had 
just been erected. And here the West Side made a point. 
This convention was caUed without regard to party, and 
was largely attended by the substantial settlers throughout 
the county. Of course they would make out a good ticket. 
They nominated Holder Sisson, Thomas Durham and James 
Walker, for Commissioners; Robert Stevens for Sheriff; 
George II. Woodruff for Recorder (here is the point), anil 
E. M. Daggett for Coroner. The ticlvet met with some op- 
position at to Recorder, and Sheriff especially, but it ^vas 
triumphantly elected. In those days we could make a good 
run, if nothing else. The principal tactics we used was to 
keep out of sight, which we think was sagacious. It is 
10 



150 GENERAL HISTORY OP WILL COUNTY. 

worthy of note here that at this election those hving on the 
East Side were obliged to go to Philip Scott's on Section 
23, and those living on the AVest Side to Plainfield, in order 
to vote. Robert Stevens declined to qualify as Sheriff, and 
in the Fall, at the first regular election, "Uncle Fenner 
Aldrich," who had lived at Plainfield, was chosen in time 
for the first Circuit Court. We neecl hardly say that the 
Jjoard of County Commissioners answered to our Board of 
Supervisors, transacting the business of the entire county. 
Their first meeting was held at " Joliet Hotel," then kept by 
Thomas H. Blackburn, on March 14, lS3f). They appointed 
Levi Jenks, a west sider, County Clerk and School Commis- 
sioner, and Charles Clement, Treasurer of the county. They 
divided the county into ten election precincts, as follows : 

Du Page Precinct. — Consisting of Town 37, in Eanges 9 and 
10 (now the towns of Du Page and Wheatland). Elections to 
be held at the house of David K. Clark. Harry Boardman, 
Seth Wescott and Isaac Scarrett to be Judges of Election. Plain- 
field Precinct — Towns 35 and 3G, in Range 9 (Troy and Plain- 
'field). Elections at house of Chester Ingersoll. Oliver Goss, 
W. W. AVattles and R. W. Chapman, Judges. Canal Precinct 
— Town 36, in Ranges 10 and 11 (Lockport and Homer). Elec- 
tion at house of Luther C. Chamberlin. Charles Gray, Selah 
Lanfear and Comstock Hanford, Judges. Joliet Precinct- 
Town 35, Range 10 (Joliet). Elections at the house of^ Thomas 
H. Blackburn. Issac Merrill, Thos. H. Blackburn and Alonzo 
Castle, Judges. Hickory Creelc — Town 35, in Ranges 11 and 
12 (New Lenox and Frankfort). Election at the house of 
Chester Marshall. Mausfield Wheeler, Lewis Kerchival and 
John I. Davidson, Judges. Jackson — Town 34, Ranges 9 and 
10 (Channahon and Jackson). Elections at the house of Jasper 
Willson. Henry Watkins, Seymour Ti-eat and Joseph Shoe- 
maker, Judges. Forked Creek — Towns 32 and 33, in Range 9 
and 10 (Reed, Wilmington, Florence, Wesley and Custer). 
Elections at house of Robert Watkins. John Kilpatrick, 
Hamilton Keeney and Thomas Cox, Judges. Pock Village — 
Towns 32, 33 and 34, in Ranges 11 and 12 (Manhattan. Green- 
garden, Wilton and Peotone, and two townships now in Kan- 
kakee county). Elections at house of Samuel Davis. Archer 
Caruthers, Samuel Davis and Hugh Carniichael, Judges. Thorn 
Creek — Town 34, in Ranges 13 and 14 (Monee and Crete). Elec- 
tions at house of Minoris Beebe. Minoris Beebe, , Judges. 

Kankakee — Towns 32 and 33, in Ranges 13 and 14 (Will and 
Washington, and two townships now in Kankakee county). 
Elections at house of Enoch Sergeant. 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 151 

Canal Precinct was divided the next year into Loclcport 
and Sprinff^Creek (now Ilomer), and Channahon was set off 
into Van Buren Precinct. The county was divided into 
seventeen Koad Districts, and Supervisors appointed, and all 
able-bodied men between the ages of 21 and 50 required to 
work five days on the roads. Trustees of School Sections 
were appointed. Viewers were also appointed to lay out 
the first county road from Joliet to Plainfield and on to the 
county line. This was the first road authorized to be laid 
out by the Commissioners' of Will county, and the second 
road in the countj^, the first being that from Hickory Creek 
to Chicago. 

On the hrst organization of the county, there Avas includ- 
ed a tier of four townships on the south, lying east of 
Wesley, and also that part of the townships south of them 
and north of Kankakee which were detached on the 
formation of Kankakee county in 1853. Commissioners 
Thomas Durham and F. Worcester were from this section. 
In 1839, the question of attaching half the towns of Wheat- 
land and Du Page to the new county of Du Page was decid- 
ed by a majority of one in favor of remaining in Will county. 

The County Court and County Cominissioners. — In 1847 
a State election was held for members of the Constitutional 
Convention, which Convention prepared and submitted to the 
people a new constitution, wdiich was adopted by a large 
majority. By this constitution, in place of the Commission- 
ers' Court a County Court was organized in each county. 
This Court consisted of a County Judge, and, if the Legislat- 
ure saw proper to so order it, two Associate Justices. This 
the Legislature favorably acted upon. The last meeting of 
the County Commissioners' Court was held in 1849. After 
the transaction of such business as properly came before 
them, they adjourned until court in course, but never re- 
assembled. The plan of Township Government was adopted 
in 1859, although the Commissioners' were to serve until 
1850. The names of the members of the old board are as 
follows ; Holder Sisson, 1836-39 ; Thomas Durham, 1836-38 ; 
James Walker, 1836; R. L. Wilson, 1837-38; J. Blackstone, 
1839; Thomas Cox, parts of 1839-40; W. B. Peck, 1839-42; 
William Gougar, part of 1840-41 ; H. Sisson, 1840 ; Samuel 
Whalon, 1841-43; N. Hawley, 1842-44; F. MitcheU, 1844- 
46; Willard AVood, 1843-44; Robert Stevens, 1845-47; 
James Walker, 1846-49; J. B. Schemerhorn, 1848-49; F. 
Worcester, 1847-49. On the 3d of December, 1849, the first 
regular term of the County Court was held. The duties of 



152 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



the Court in a legislative capacity were precisely the same 
as those of the County Commissioners' Court. In addition 
to the legislative power the members of this Court were 
permitted to exercise judicial authority, having all the rights 
and privileges of justices of the peace, together with all pro- 
bate business. The Court consisted of a County Judge and 
two Associate Justices. The Judge and Associate Justices 
acted together for the transaction of all county business, 
but none other. The Justices had an equal vote with the 
Judge, and received the same salary while holding court, 
which was $2 per day. Two of the three constituted a 
quorum. 

Political History. — During the earlier years of the county, 
local elections were carried out with a view of selecting a proper 
man for each position, rather than of observing party rules. 
Shortly after the first settlers located here, the Anti-Jackson 
party was formed by the friends of the United States Bank, and 
other political pets of the decaying Federalist party. The new 
party had its birth in 1830, and the same year received the 
name of Whig. During this year, also, a pseudonym was be- 
stowed upon the old Democratic party. It appears that a 
Democratic meeting, held in old Tammany Hall, resulted in a 
free fight. One party blew all the candles out; and the other 
party, having provided themselves with that astonishing new- 
fangled contrivance known as a match, relighted them and 
reassembled their scattered partisans. This match coup de 
main astonished everybody, and caused great amusement, for 
matches had then recently been invented, and were not yet in 
general use. They were generally called loco-focos (probably 
Italian "loco fuoco" — wild fire) and in the morning account 
given of the tumult, the Courier and Enquirer reporter called 
the party who relighted the candles, ''' Loco-focos." This be- 
came the nickname of the Democrats, and one which has been 
carried down the years by their political enemies. Even now 
the terms Whig and Loco-foco are applied to the Eepublican 
and Democratic parties respectively, the fact that the Repub- 
lican platform, adopted under the oaks at Jackson in 1854, 
as well as that of the reorganized Democratic party vary from 
the principles of the old political leaders to the contrary. In 
the following pages the record of elections in this county is 



ELECTIOKS, MARCH, 1836. 

Sheriff. 

Robert Stevens, D 225 

Charles Clement, D 98 

George H. Woodruff,' W 144 



Robert G. Cook, W 70 

Albert W. Bowen, D 97 

I'reasurer. 

Charles Clement 

Coroner. 
Ephraim M. Daggett 116 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



153 



Kobert G. Cook, W 44 

Nathaniel Weeks 22 

James C. Butler, D 24 

Geort^e H. Woodruff, W 11 

Moses N. Clarke 10 

Jay Lyons. 5 

Eri Dodge, D 3 

County Commissioners. 

Thomas Durham, W 190 

James Walker, D 169 

Jirah Rowley 103 

Nathaniel Weeks 103 

Harry Boardman, W 123 

Holden Sisson, W 167 

Canvassers of Vote. 

Addison Collins, D 

Cornelius C. Van Home, D 

James McKee, W 

Oliver W. Stillman, D 

ELECTIONS, AUGUST, 1836. 

Conpress. 

William L. Maylia, D 291 

John T. Stewart. 113 

State Seruitor. 

Peter Pruyne 314 

Giles Spriughad 79 

James A. Woodworth 8 

Mepresentatire. 

Joseph Naper, D 296 

Henry Boardman, W 205 

James Walker, D 291 

Edward W. Casey 171 

James Curtiss, D 126 

A. W. Bowen, D 11 

Albert G. Leary 62 

Sheriff. 

Robert Stevens, D 157 

Fenner Aldrich, D 233 

Elisha Curtiss 2 

Coroner. 

Ephraim M. Daggett 353 

Ellas Havens, Ab 6 

Stephen Sherwood 2 

County Commissioners. 

Thomas Durham, W 399 

Holder Sisson, W 322 

Nathaniel Weeks 26 

Richard L. Wilson, W 186 

Jirah Rowley 11 

Harry Boardman, W 105 

Chester Marshall 145 

Levi Jenks served as County Clerk 
from 1836 to 1842, and as School 
Commissioner and County .Clerk 
from 1836 to 1840. 

ELECTIONS, AUGUST 1, 1836. 

Justices of the Peace. 

William Baker, Canal precinct. 8 

William Rogers 56 



Isaac Scarrett, DuPage precinct, 

W 31 

John Miller, DuPage precinct, 

D 31 

W. B. Peck, Jackson precinct, 

D 32 

Ira O. Knapp, Jackson precinct, 

W 1 

OCTOBER, 1836. 

William A. Chatlield, Joliet pre- 
cinct, W 43 

David Reed, Joliet precinct 27 

Richard Ilobbs, Joliet precinct, 

D 3 

AUGUST 20, 1836. 

Joel A. Mattison, Joliet jirecinct, 
D 82 

Daniel Clement, JoHet precinct, 

D 23 

APRIL 13, 1836. 

Daniel Wilson, Hickory Creek 
precinct 19 

Eliphalet Atkins, Hickory Creek 
precinct 19 

John Kilpatrick, Forked Creek 
precinct, W 25 

Robert Watkins, Forked Creek 
precinct 25 

Minoris Beebe, Thorn Creek 
precinct 18 

John M. Chase, Thorn Creek 
precinct, W 18 

Nathaniel Weeks, Canal pre- 
cinct 20 

Luther C. Chamberlin, Caniil 
precinct 10 

James Wilson, Jackson precinct 32 

W. B. Peck, Jackson precinct. . 26 

William A. Steph(;ns, Jackson 
precinct 7 

James Walker, Plaintield pre- 
cinct 30 

Ezra Goodhue, Plainfield pre- 
cinct 14 

County Surveyor. 

Addison Collins, 1836 39 

Presidential Electors. 

Samuel Hackleton, and 4 others 306 

Jolrn Henry, and 4 others 186 

Probate Judge, 1S37. 

Hugh Henderson, D 254 

Clerk of County Com. Court, 1837. 

Levi Jenks, D 260 

County Treasurer, 1837. 

Samuel Anderson, D 124 

Benjamin F. Barker. 106 

Richard L. Wilson, W 23 

Bennett Allen, D 2 

Bennett Allen served in 1837. 



15i 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY 



ELECTIONS, 1838. 

Congress. 

Stephen A. Douglas, D 615 

John T. Stuart, W 685 

Senator. 

Ebenezer Peck, D 268 

Giles Spring, W 171 

Representative , 

Joseph Napier 648 

Gholson Kercheval, W 684 

Richard Murphy, D 568 

Albert W. Bowen, D 285 

Giles Spring, W 543 

John L. Wilson, W 600 

A. J. Douglas, W 470 

Sheriff. 

Fenner Aldrich, D 427 

John J. Garland, W 331 

Samuel Anderson, D 212 

Barton Smith, D 116 

Probate Judge. 

Richard Doolittle, D 638 

John W. Paddock, W 541 

Caroner. 

Joel George, D 663 

George West, W 426 

County Commissioner. 

Abijah Cagwin, D 582 

W. B. Peck, D 596 

Holder Sisson, W 627 

John Blackstone 604 

Chester Marshall 518 

Normand Hawley 457 

Probate Justice, November, 1838. 

George H. Woodruff, W 84 

James Stout, D 67 

W. A. Chatfield, W 56 

Elisha C. Fellows, D 34 

Justus Finch 54 

Horatio N. Marsh, W 42 

ELECTIONS, 1839. 

George H. Woodruff, W 296 

Robert C. Duncan, D 155 

Probate Justice. 

Abijah Cagwin, D 220 

William A. Chatfield, W 115 

Treasurer. 

WilUam Adams, W 368 

Denis D. Kelly, D 63 

Surveyor. 

Robert J. Boylan, D 374 

Daniel K. Prescott, W 59 

Clerk of the County Commissioners. 

Charles Gardner, D 62 

Levi Jenks 394 

County Commissioners. 

John Blackstone, W 203 

Thomas Cox 251 



Senatoi'. 

James H. Woodworth 525 

Buckner S. Morris 159 

To fill vacancy occasioned by ap- 
pointment of E. W. Peck, Commis- 
sioner of Public Works. 

ELECTIONS, 1840. 
Senator. 

John Pearson, D 1284 

Cornelius C. Van Home, D 1 

Bepresentative. 

Ebenezer Peck, D 1228 

Richard Murphy, D 1273 

Albert G. Leary, D 1294 

William B. Ogden, W 712 

John M. Wilson, W 692 

George A. O. Beaumont, W. . . 612 

John L. Wilson, W 183 

S7miff\ 

Fenner Aldrich, D 510 

Hamilton D. Risley, W 577 

Barton Smith, D 188 

Denis D. Kelly, D 426 

Thomas Keating, D 290 

Coroner. 

Joel George, W 1316 

Amos Fellows, W 608 

County Commissioners. 

Lewis Kercheval, W 594 

George M. Beckwith, W 645 

William Gougar, D 1312 

William B. Peck, D 1241 

Presidential Electors. 

Isaac P. Walker, and 4 others. . 1367 

Abraham Lincoln, and 4 others. 753 

Erastus Benton, and 4 others. . . 16 

ELECTIONS, 1841. 

Congress. 

James H. Ralston, D 619 

John T. Stewart, W 389 

County Commissioners. 

Samuel Whalen, D 610 

Harry Boardman, W 407 

School Commissioners. 

James Stout, D 636 

Horatio N. Marsh, W 356 

Barton Smith, D 9 

ELECTIONS, 1842. 

Joel A. Matteson Senator. 

John Pearson Senator. 

Addison Collins Bepresentative. 

Isaac Courtright Representative. 

David L. Gregg Representative. 

Jeduthan Hatch Representative. 

N. D. El wood County Clerk. 

Wm. Smith Circuit Clerk. 

Isaac Jessu]> Treasurer. 

H. D. Risley Shenff. 

Jesse O. Norton County Judge. 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



155 



James Stout. . .Sclwol Commissioner. 

R. J. Boylan Surveyor. 

Joel George Coroner. 

SPECIAL ELECTION, 1843. 

Senator. 

Joel A. Matteson, D 434 

Arenton J. Douglas, W 145 

ELECTIONS, 1844. 

Joel A. Matteson Senator. 

A. Collins Jieprese/itafire. 

D. L. Gregg Representative. 

Jacob Wagner Representative. 

J. M. Warren Representative. 

John Wentworth Congress. 

Presiclen tiid Electors. 
A. W. Cavarly and 3 others .... 

John Dement and 3 others 

Norman H. Purple and 3 others. 
Wm. A. Boardman . . Z>2.s. Attorney. 

N. D. Elwood County Clerk. 

R. C. Duncan Recorder. 

Wm. Smith Circuit Clerk. 

Isaac Jessup Treasurer. 

James Broadie Sheriff. 

Jesse O. Norton County Judge. 

School Commissioners. 
Thomas Allen and G. S. Fake. . . 

R. J. Boylan County Surveyor. 

Benjamin Richardson Coroner. 

ELECTIONS, 1845. 

County Commisswners. 

Robert Stevens, D 467 

David B. Rossiter, W 204 

Wm. Nichols, W 103 

Chester Ingersoll 13 

School Commissioners. 

George S. Fake, D 406 

A. M. G. Comstock, W 286 

Wm. A. Boardman, I) 14 

Horatio N. Marsh, W 64 

ELECTIONS, 1846. 
Congress. 

John Wentworth, D 922 

John Kerr, W 497 

Owen Lovejoy, Ab 285 

Representatives. 

Wm. E. Little, D 948 

John Miller, D 945 

Capt. E. Kenny, D 932 

IMicayah Stanley, D 978 

Hiram Todd, W 476 

Robert Strong, W 442 

Nath. B. Morton, W 452 

Orlando Haven, Ab 267 

Peter Stewart, Ab 285 

Josiah Strong, Ab 270 

Sheriff\ 

James Brodie, D 1012 

Amos Fellows, W 385 



Allen Denny, Ab 239 

County Commissioners. 

James Walker, D 949 

Wm. Nichols, W 455 

Cyrus Ashley, Ab 270 

Coroners. 

Charles Sayre, I) 892 

Nemehiah "PI. Cutter, W 456 

Abram Snapp, Ab 265 

Constitution al Co n ve ntio n . 

For 783 

Against 104 

Rive7- and Harbor Conz'riition, /S47. 
The delegates from Will county 
to the great River and Harbor Con- 
vention of Chicago, July 5, 6, and 
7, 1847, were: 

Isaac Scarritr, N. Northrop, 
John Miller, Sam'i Cushing, 

Sam'l Whallon, AVillard Wood, 
T. E. Towntr, A. E. Bishop, 
Amos C. Paxson, John E. Hewes, 
H. Boardman, L. Hewes, 
Robert Freeman, Enoch Dodge, 
M. C. Boughlon, A. P. Grung, 
R. W. Smith, S. W. Cooper, 
John Barber, J. E. Phillips, 
L. Clifford, E. Grung, 

T. G. Sprague, Wm. R.'Starr, 
Sam'l Goodrich, E Cole, 
L. S. Buffum, David Haner, 

Luther Smith, Chapin, 

Robert Strong, II Sprague, 
Hiram Warren, H. E. C. Barrett, 
W. W. Boughton, John Kile, 
S. R. Rathbone, Moses II. Cook, 
A. S. Thomas, S. Whipple, 
Robert Clow, H. A. Deen, 
S. Carpenter, Jos. Campbell, 
A. Williams, B. Boardman, 

M. Cavenor, W. Hewes, 

L. Warner, B. Brooks, 

A. B. Mead, E Baker, 

H. Williams, W. Keeney, 
J. L. Wilson, Wm. Gooding, 
Peter Stewart, L. Newton, 
H D. Risley, J. L. Hanchet, 
J. L. Young, Joel Manning, 
F. Mitchell, Geo. F. Greer, 

S. G. Baldwin, J. W. Padduck, 
E. S. Strong, Jas. B. Turney, 
H. M. Gilbert, E. E. Bush, 
D. A. Watson, N. L. Ilawley, 
J. Gutterson, E. B. Talcott, 
H. Altliouse, Jacob Fry, 

Edmund Allen, Geo. W. Geddes, 
J. M. Johnson, Daniel Walley, 
J. Barnett, J. N. Brownell, 

V. Lamb, S. P. Cooper, 



156 



GENERAL HISTOKY OF WILL COUNTY. 



Hiram Norton, S. Baker, 

Nicholas Brown, J. B. Culver, 

II. Hitchcock, Thos. Shepperd, 

A. Davis, Isaac Benham, 

Charles Wood, Hyram IShepperd, 

J. W. SafEord, John Shingle. 

ELECTIONS, 1848. 

John Wentworth^ D 997 

J. Young Scammon, W 7:58 

Owen Lovejoy, Ab 308 

Sena to >: 

Joel A. Matteson, D 1076 

Peter Stewart, Ab 523 

Philip Worcester, W 131 

Reprcsentatij'es. 

Warren L. Wheaton, D 1027 

Lorenzo D. Brady, D 1024 

Wm. E. Little, D 1114 

C. R. Parmlee, W 380 

Lyman Bristol, W 943 

Lewis Roberts, W 941 

C. C. Van Home, Id d 14 

S. D. Pierce, Ab 516 

Sheriff. 

James Brodie, D 859 

Alonzo Leach, W 979 

G. S. Fake, Ind. 206 

County Commissioners. 
Jacob B. Schermerhorn, D. . . . 978 

John Griswold, W 740 

David Parrish, W 70 

George F. Greer, Ind 9 

Coroner. 

Lorenzo D. Self ridge, D 755 

Oliver J. Corbin, W 1063 

September, 1848. 

Supreme Court. 

John Dean Caton, D. 1104 

Jnds;e, yth Circuit. 

Hugh T. Dickey, W 1103 

Clerk of Circuit Court. 

Harvey S. Higgins, D 379 

Michael McEvoy, D 731 

Circuit Attornev- 

Alonzo Piatt, D ' 572 

John W. Paddock, W 538 

Presidential Electors. 

William Martin, and others 897 

L. B. Knowlton, and others. . . 713 

Thomas Hoyne, and others, D . 540 

Court House Claims. 

For 444 

Against 881 

ELECTIONS, 1849. 
Circuit /ud-v, nth Circuit. 

Hugh IIender.st)n, D 906 

Jesse O, Norton, W 816 



County Judge. 

Cornelius C. Van Home, D 553 

G. D. A. Parks, Ind 1187 

Barton Smith, D 220 

George R. Paddock 13 

Associate Justices. 

Henry R. Whipple, D 1090 

Lyman Foster, D 1107 

Isaac Scarritt, W 889 

Jonathan Barnett, W 861 

Counftv Clerk. 

Oscar L. Hawley, D 1055 

Charles B. Hopkins, W 926 

Virgil J. Prentiss 11 

Treasurer and Assessor. 

Harvey N. Stoddard, D 1337 

George R. Dyer, Ab 628 

S. O. Wade 14 

County Survevor. 

Jediah Wooley, Jr., D 1208 

A. J. Matthewson, W 777 

Adam Comstock, W 13 

School Commissioner. 

King J. Hammond, D 1112 

H. N. Marsh, W 892 

I\epresentative. 

S. W.Randall, D 435 

Orlando H. Havens, W. ..... . 548 

Toivnship Organization. 

For 1436 

Against 29 

ELECTIONS, 1850. 
Representatives. 

Willard T. Jones, W 881 

Sylvester W. Randall, D 834 

Hiram Cady, D 870 

Jacob A. Whiteman, D 734 

Allen Jordan, W 873 

Jesse O. Norton, W 1025 

Compress. 

Richard S. Malouy, D 859 

Churchill Coltin, W 835 

James H. Collins 77 

Sheriff. 

Hamilton D. Risley, W 850 

Robert J. Cunningham, D 894 

Coroner. 

Benjamin Richardson, D 887 

Myron K. Brownson, W 866 

State Treasurer. 

John Moore 882 

April, 1851. 
For establishment of Kankakee 

county 1267 

Against 424 

ELECTION, 1852. 
Coiii^ress. 

Wm. Roddick, D 1360 

Jesse O. Norton, W 1391 



GENERAL HISTOKY OF WILL COUNTY. 



157 



John H. Bryant, A. B 200 

Scnatoi-. 

Uri Oso;ood, D 1539 

Lewis Ellsworth, W 1105 

Peter Stewart, A. B -293 

Jesse 0. Norton, W. 10 

Representatives. 

Joseph Thomas, D 1328 

R. N. Matthews, D 1476 

Joseph Naper, D 1445 

David Willard, W 1277 

Phillip Worcester, W 1389 

A. K. Wheeler, W 1194 

Josiah Strong 48 

W. J. Strong, Ab 254 

Eben. Hill, Ab 234 

Solomon Simmons, Ab 232 

Clerk of Circuit Court. 

Royal E. Barber, D 1332 

James T. McDoiigal, W 1235 

Michael McEvoy, Ind 188 

Edwin B. Mason, Ab 235 

S/ienff. 

Geoffrey O'Conneli; D 1038 

Alonzo Leach, W 1164 

Jacob C. Vanaukin 724 

Coroner. 

A. B. Mead, D 1441 

Wm. H. Perkins, W 1233 

Orson Miles 226 

Ainendiuent ijtJi Art tele of Constitu- 
tion. 

To adopt 457 

To reject 3 

Presidential Electors. 

Ezra G. Sanger, and 10 others. 1450 

Joseph Gillespie, and 10 others. 1251 

James H. Collins, and 10 others 320 

Representatives. June, i8j2. 

Julius M. Warren 282 

S. M. Skinner 84 

To fill vacancies. 

ELECTIONS, 1853. 

County Jiid'^e. 

A. F. Patrick, D ' 835 

Solomon Simmons, Ab 912 

Countv Clerk. 

Oscar L. Hawley. D 925 

Chas. E. Boyer. W 796 

Doctor Cutler, K. N 74 

County Treasurer. 

Benjamin Richardson, D 989 

Robt. J. Cunningham, 1 794 

County Sun'cvor. 

Clark Baker, D ' 835 

A. J. Matthewson, W 962 

School Commissio/ters. 

S. W. Stone, D 890 

S. O. Simonds, W 882 



Ka7ikakee County. 
For organization of new county, 1111 

Against 759 

ELECTIONS, 1854. 
Con£;7-ess. 

Jesse O. Norton, W. 1282 

John N. Drake, D 710 

Representative. 
G. D. A. Parks, anti-Nebraska. 1290 

John StruMk, anti-Nebraska 1269 

E. O. Hills, anti-Nebraska. . . . 1272 

Edmund Wilcox, D 732 

C. W. Knott, D 703 

Luther Bartlett, D 687 

Charles Sherman 459 

Sheriff. 

Perry P. Scarritt, A. M 1113 

H. D. Risley, W 279 

Geoffrey O'Connell, D 385 

John E. Roberts, D 197 

Sheriff. 

P. P. Scarritt 

Circtiit Clerk and I\ccorder. 

R. E. Barber 

School Commissioner. 

S. O. Simonds 

Treasurer. 

C. H. Weeks.. 

Coivncr. 

A. B. Mead, D 704 

I. H. Reece, A. M 874 

Henry Snapp, Ab 390 

ELECTIONS, 1855. 
fud^^e jd Division, S. C. District. 

John D. Caton, D 1773 

Sylvester W. Randall, — 2 

Circuit fud'^e. 

Sylvester W. Randall, D 1627 

H. P. Vallette, D 50 

Clerk of Supreme Court. 

Lorenzo Leland, D 1659 

Prohibition Lazo. 

For 1660 

Against 652 

Countv Treasurer. 

Benj. Richardson, D 818 

C. H. Weeks, W 844 

School Commissioner. 

S. O. Simonds, W 899 

L. S. Parker, D 744 

Countv Sur-'evor. 

A. J. Matthewson, W'. 1654 

ELECTIONS, 1856. 
State's Attornev. 

T. P. Bonfield, D .' 1589 

Fred. A. Bartlcson, R 2390 

Co}i^ress. 

Owen Lovejoy, R 2344 

Uri Osgood, D 1621 



158 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



Senator. 

G. D. A. Parks, R 2344 

N. D. Elwood, D 1645 

Representatives. 

Truman W. Smith, R 2378 

Wm. A. Chatfleld, R 2379 

Franklin Blades, R 2339 

Mecazah Stanley, D 1587 

Franklin Mitchell, D 1634 

John Thompson, D , . 1585 

Circuit Clerk. 

Alex. Mcintosh, R 2215 

Royal E. Barber, D 1730 

Presidential Electors. 
Abraham Lincoln, R . , and 

others 2393 

John A. Logan, D., and others.1575 

A. M. Whitney and others 10 

Sheriff. 

Geo. R. Dyer, R 1991 

Augustus Herbert, D 1308 

Alonzo Leach. Ind 676 

Coroner. 

J. H. Reece, R 2370 

A. B. Mead, D 1596 

ELECTIONS, 1857. 
Circuit J luh^e, nth District. 

Jesse O. Norton, R 895 

R. N. Murrhy, D 240 

Joel M. Parks 40 

J. E. Streeter 18 

J. B. Stafford 10 

County Judge. 

Richard Warner,' D 1440 

Oscar L. Ilawley, R 1466 

Clerk of Coitntv Court. 

William Tonuer, D .' 1467 

Solomon Simmons, R 1443 

County Treasurer. 

George Woodruff, D 1465 

Chas. H. Weeks, R. 1465 

School Conmiissioner. 

Benj. F. Allen, D 1463 

O. F. Barber, R . . . t 1453 

County Swveyor. 

A. J. Matthewson, R 1801 

Adam Comstock, D 1107 

ELECTIONS, 1858. 
Congress. 

Owen Lovejoy, R 2678 

Geo. W. Armstrong, D 2198 

Representatives. 

Hiram Norton, R 2715 

Alonzo W. Mack, R 2692 

James M. Hood, R 2644 

Sherman AV. Bo wen, D 2253 

Hiram H. Cody, D 2193 

John W. Paddock, D 2195 



Sheriff. 

Alonzo Leach, R 2486 

Albert Amsden, D 2293 

Coroner. 

Chas. Demmond, R 2714 

Eugene Daly, D 2178 

Samuel W. Gilbert 28 

ELECTIONS, 1859. 
County Treasurer. 

Fred. D. S. Stewart, R 1866 

Geo. Lineliarger, D . . 1406 

School Commissioner. 

Edward Savage. R 1822 

Benj. F. Allen, D 1453 

County Surveyor. 
A. J. Matthewson, R 3255 

ELECTIONS, 1860. 

Presidential Electors. 

Sylvester W. Randall and others.2515 

Allen C. Fuller and others 3219 

H. S. Hanchett and others 12 

Congress. 

Owen Lovejoy, R 3171 

Robert N. Murray, D 2533 

Senator. 

Alonzo W. Mack, R 3207 

Wm. Fowler, D 2532 

Representatives. 

Samuel Storer, R 3235 

F. H. Mather, R 3218 

Franklin Blades, R 3324 

Henry W. Harward, D 2522 

John D. Henderson, D 2530 

Reuben W. Smith, D 2512 

States Attornev. 

Henry Logan, R 3222 

E. H. Huil. D 2521 

Circuit Clerk and Recorder. 

Benj. F. Russell, R 3021 

Royal E. Barber, D 2710 

Sheriff. 

Wm. W. Bartlett, R 3279 

David Milliken, D 2439 

Coroner. 

Chas. Demmond, R 3106 

John Ferguson, D .2626 

Constitutional Convention. 

For 3993 

Against 635 

ELECTIONS, 1861. 
Delegate to Constitutional Convention. 

Francis Goodspeed, Ind 3355 

H. C. Childs, D 3263 

John W. Paddock, R 3284 

County fudge. 

Chas. H. Weeks,' R 1836 

Ed. W. Crandall, D 1465 

Clerk of County Court. 
William Tonner, D .' 3283 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY, 



159 



Daniel Drew 88 

Coitntv Justices of the Peace. 

William Ilewes, K 18(53 

William J. Heath, D 179r) 

County Treasurer. 

J. A. Frank, R 1573 

Benj. RicliardsoQ, D 1784 

Couiitv Surveyor. 

Adam Comstock, R. . '. 1898 

Samuel P. Reid, D. 1459 

School Comuiissioners. 

Solomon O. Simonds, Ind 1843 

Dwight Haven, R 1411 

Circuit J udiie, nth Circuit. 

Henry Snapp, R 1363 

Sidney W. Harris, D 810 

Clerk of Supreme Court. 

Lorenzo Leland, D 920 

David L. Hough. R 1013 

W. L. Greenleaf , — 183 

Act to provide for Support of Paupers. 

For Township Support 1545 

Against Township Support . . . .1309 
Bankin-^ La70. 

For 13 

Against 3353 

ELECTIONS, 1803. 

Cou'^n-ess. 

Jesse O. Norton, R 2187 

T. Lyle Dickey, Ind 3315 

Coiii^ressiuan at Lar^e. 

E. C. Ingersoll, — '. 2206 

James C. Allen, — 2299 

Pepreseutatives. 

Henderson Howk, R 3096 

John W. Newport, R 2153 

Chas. E. Boyer, D 2415 

George W. Collins, D 2339 

Sheriff. 

John Reid, R 2171 

George Munroe, D 2333 

Co7'oner. 

Chas. Demmond, R 3330 

Eugene Daly, D 2268 

Constitution. 

For adoption 3393 

Against 3547 

ELECTIONS. 1863. 
Peprejentati7'e. 

Perry A. Armstrong, D 609 

Henry Snapp, R 33 

Henderson Howk, R 30 

John Reid. R 34 

Chauncey Higgins 14 

_ Held May 16 to fill vacancy occa- 
sioned by death of J.W. Newport. 
County Treasuier. 

Frederick Schring, R 3191 

Oscar Koehler, D 1459 



P. D. S. Stewart, R 159 

School Commissioner. 

C. S. Macreading, R 3197 

B. F. Allen, D 1615 

County Sur7'eyor. 

Adam Com.stock, R 3393 

R. J. Boylan, D 1502 

ELECTIONS, 1864. 

Judge Supreme Court, jd Gr. Division. 

Charles B. Lawrence, R 551 

Uri Osgood, D 8 

Henry Snapp, R 16 

Presidential Electors. 

John Dougherty and others 3343 

Sherman W. Bowen and others. 3793 
Congressman at Lar'^e. 

Samuel W. Movdton, R. . .' 3348 

James C. Allen, D 3808 

Zoni^ressmau 6th Disti ict. 

Burton C. Cook, R 3363 

Samuel K. Carey, D 3897 

Senator. 

Alonzo W. Mack, R 3340 

Arno Voss, D 3815 

Pepreseutatives. 

A. J. Mclntyre, R 3398 

W. T. Hopkins, R 3334 

Sherman W. Bowen, D 3819 

George W. Collins, D 3754 

State s Attorney. 
Sylvester W. Munn, R.' 3331 

D. H. Pinney, D 3833 

Sheriff. 

John Reid, R 3345 

Samuel E. Mather, D 3805 

Clerk of Circuit Court. 

Benjamin F. Russell, R 3366 

K. J. Hammond, D 3783 

Coroner. 

John H. Reece, R 3353 

Eugene Daly, D 3810 

County Judge. 

David Willard, R 4068 

Clerk of County Court. 

Henry Logan, R .' 3373 

William Tonner. D 1818 

County Treasurer. 

Frederick Schring, R 3150 

Norman C. Warner, D 1971 

County Surveyor. 

Nathan D. Ingra'ham, R' 4177 

Supeiintendent of Schools. 

Dwight Haven, R. . ." 3392 

Joseph N. Tryer, D 1801 

County Justices of the Peace. 

Conrad Tatze, R 3317 

James L. Young, R 3306 

Stephen Dowse'^ D 1785 

William Hewes, D 1780 



160 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



ELECTIONS, 1866. 
Congressman at Large. 

.John A. Lo^an, E, 3444 

T. Lyle Dickey, D .2479 

Compress man 6th District. 

Burton C'. Cook, R 3440 

Sidney W. Harris, D 2493 

Representatives. 

Robert Clow, R 3441 

Phillip Collins, R 3413 

Edwin Porter, D 2531 

Benjamin Olin, D 2471 

Sheriff. 

George Strathdee, R 3419 

George Munroe, D 2505 

Coroner. 

Andrew Fries, R 3459 

M. K. Brownson, D 247o 

KLECTIOKS, 1867. 
Judge nth Cireiiit. 

Josiah McRoberts, R 1228 

Clerk Supreme Court. 

W. M. Taylor, R 879 

Lorenzo Leland 8 

Samuel J. McFadden 328 

Richard Hanrahan 5 

Country Treasurer. 

Andrew J. Fries, R 2901 

Henry Boch, D 2240 

County Surveyor. 

Adam Comstock, R 2919 

John H. Kavanagh, D 2210 

Keeping iip Stock. 

For 1810 

Against 2527 

ELECTIONS, 1868. 
Presidential Electors. 

Silas L. Bryan and others 3134 

James McCoy and others 4222 

Penetentiary Com/nissioners. 

John W. Connett, D 3137 

William M. Garrard, D 3138 

Calneh Zarley, D 3145 

Robert E. Loyon, R 4223 

Andrew Shuman, R 4219 

JohnReid, R 4204 

Coiu^ressinan at Lari^e. 

AVilliam W. O'Brien, D 3149 

John A. Logan, R 4210 

Congress. 

Oliver L. Gray, D „ 3147 

Burton C. Cook, R 4215 

State Attorney. 
Thomas L. Breckenridge, D . . .3126 

Charles A. Hill, R 4230 

Senator. 

Joseph N. Fryer, D 3144 

Henry Snapp, R 4185 



Sep re sen ta lives . 

W. A. Steel, D 3141 

Samuel C. Collins, D 3090 

George Gay lord, R 4177 

Philip Collins, R 4201 

Clerk of Circuit Court. 

Norman C. Warner, D 3409 

Conrad Falge, R 3943 

Sheriff. 

Peter Bischman, D 3388 

Howard Johnson, R 4011 

Coroner. 

Eugene Daly, D 3142 

John H. Reece, R .4219 

Calling Constitutional Convention. 

For 2962 

Against 99 

ELECTIONS, 1869. 
Delc'^ates to Constitutional Convention. 

William C. Goodhue, R 5342 

W. P. Pierce, R 5317 

Dr. Daggett, Ind 9 

County Judge. 

David Willard, R 2776 

Royal E. Barber, D 2621 

Elisha Clark, P 92 

County Clerk. 

Henry Logan, R.' 2574 

Julius C. Williams, P 2691 

John W. Taylor, Ind 121 

A. C. Mason, Pro 81 

County Treasurer. 
Richard F. Barber, R. and P . .3701 

Thomas J. Stevens, Ind 1671 

County Surz'evor. 

Adam Comstock, R. and P 5157 

Robert J. Boylan, P 87 

Superintendents of Schools. 

Salmon O. Simonds, R 2784 

John D. Henderson, Peo 2558 

S. W.Miner, P 77 

County Justice of the Peace. 
Josiah Carpenter, R and Peo. . .4593 
James L. Young, R. and Peo. .5371 

Joshua Carpenter 763 

J. H. Fry, P 88 

George Linebarger, P 88 

ELECTIONS, 1870. 
In July of this year the ciuestion 
of amending many articles of the 
Constitution received an assentiug 
vote in this county, save the section 
relatiue; to Canal, which was opposed 
by 2,256 against 1,011 for. 

The vote for W. K. McAllister, 
Judge of the Supreme Court Seventh 
Judicial Circuit, was 1,704, while 
his opponent, Charles Hitchcock, 
received 1,527. 



I 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



161 



Sheriff. 

Ralph W. Marshall, R 2727 

Thomas J. Stevens, D 2684 

Coroner. 

Charles Richards, R 2895 

J. H. Arnold, D 2370 

Se>iator. 

William P. Pierce, R 3015 

W. R. Sleel, D 2346 

Representatives. 

Robert Clow, R 2817 

George Gay lord, R 2677 

John H Daniels, R 3133 

W. S. Brooks, D 2866 

Angus Herbert, D 2345 

J. N. Fryer, D 2386 

Coni^ressnian at Lar^e. 

.John A. Logan, R .' 3007 

W. B. Anderson, D 2398 

J. W. Nichols 32 

Congress. 

Burton C. Cook, R 2923 

Julius Avery, D .......2418 

Penitentiarv Commission. 
Elmer Washburn, R 3024 

F. T. Sherman, D 2360 

Casper Butz, R 3033 

Thomas Redmond, D 2370 

Joseph M. Smith 31 

J. F. Simpson 32 

ELECTIONS, 1871. 
Congress, 6th Distriet. 

Henry Suapp, R 2902 

Lorenzo Leland, D 2048 

Senator, iSlh Distriet. 

John F. Daggett, R 2884 

Alexander Mcintosh, led 1912 

County Treasurer. 

Andrew J. Fries, R 2942 

John T. Randall, D 2062 

Conntv Siiri'evor. 

Adam Comstock, R. . ^ 2863 

A. J. Matthewson, Ind .2054 

ELECTIOXS, 1872. 

PresiJential Eleetors. 

Richard L. Devine and others. .4211 

John D. Caton and others 2937 

David Runion and others 81 

Coni^'ress. 
Franklin Corwin, R. . '. 3923 

G. D. A. Parks, D. and L. R. .3130 

Senator. 

Wm. S. Brooks, Lib. Rep 3704 

John H. Daniels, R 3656 

Representati'ces. 

Jabez Harvey, R 5815 

Amos Savage, R 5574 

John S. Jessup, D. and L. R. . .3779 
Michael Haley, Ind 3599 



A. W. Heise, D. and L. R. . . . -3032 

Sheriff 

Ralph W. Mai'shalf, R 3662 

George M. Arnold, D. and L. 11.3718 
Ckrk of Circuit Court. 

Conrad Talge, R 3976 

W. D. Fay, D. and L. R 3381 

State s At ton lev. 

Edward C. Hagar, R. . .' 4069 

Ohas. B. Garnsey, D. and L. R.3287 

Coroner. 

Charles Richards, R 4181 

Wm. M. Rich, D. and L. R. . . .3142 

ELECTIONS, 1873. 
County /udge. 

Samuel C. Camp, R 1821 

Beuj. Olin, A. M 2383 

County Clerk. 

Walter B. Hawley, R 2356 

Chas. Suodd, A. M 1843 

County lieasurer. 

Wm. P. Caton; R 1616 

James W. Martin, A. ]\I 2538 

Superintendent of Sehoo/s. 

Chas. A. Hilton, R 1678 

Mrs. Sarah C. Mcintosh, A. M.2215 

County Suir'evor. 

A. J. Matthewson, R. arid A. M.4215 

Circuit Judi^e. 

Josiah McRoberts, Ind 2790 

S. W. Harris, Ind 1483 

ELECTIONS, 1874. 

Coiugress. 

Alex. Campbell, D. and A. M. .4235 

Franklin Corwin, R 2465 

Senator, i^th District. 

Fred. Sehring, D 2669 

Albert O. Marshall, P. 3681 

J. D. Frazer, A. ]M 1308 

Repiesentatives. 

William Moouey, A. M 6125 

H. H. Sta>seu, A, M 4759 

Daidel E. Hewes, D 1988 

Amos Savage, R 3302 

L. H. Goodrich, R 3799 

Sheri^. 

George M. Arnold, A. ]V[ 3488 

James Boland, R 2978 

O. H. Woodruff, D 208 

Coioner. 

Eugene Daly, A. M 2319 

John R. Casey. D 2068 

M. B. Campbell, R 2331 

ELECTIONS, 1875. 

Judi-e of Sup. Court, yth District. 

T: Lyle Dickey, D 1443 

Harvey B. Hurd, R 579 

County Treasurer. 
James AV. Martin, R 2256 



162 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



Abijah Cagwin, D 2164 

Coiuitv Snrvevor. 
A. J. Matthewson, R. and D. . .4409 

ELECTIONS, 187f>. 

Presidential Electors. 

Michael Donohue and others. . .4771 

Charles A. Walker and others. 4000 

Jolin Landrigan and others 677 

M( ises Jleasner and others 

Philo P. Chapman and others. . 3 
Congress, 

Philip C. Hayes, R 4806 

Alex. Campbell, D. and G. B. .4637 
State Board of Equalization. 

Amos Savage, R 4657 

James G. El wood, D 4770 

Representatives. 

L. n. Goodrich, R 6639* 

James P. Murphy, R 3771* 

Fred. Kouka, R 4414 

D. H. Pinney, D 9036 

George WigHtman, G. B 2308 

James N. Fryer, D 222U 

State's Attorneys for Will County. 

Asa F. Mather', R 3771 

James R. Flanders, D 5611 

Clerk of Circuit Court. 

Robert Clow, R 4319 

Thomas L. Walsh, D 3874 

H. H. Stassen, G. B 1306 

Sheriff. 

Warren S. Noble, R 3711 

Adam Sachs, D 3525 

William E. Henry 3173 

Coroner. 

Romain J. Ciirtiss, R 4175 

T. H. McBride, D. and G. B. . 5229 

ELECTIONS, 1877. 
Circuit Judge, gth Judicial District. 

Francis Goodspeed, Ind 3496 

Geo. W. Stipp, Ind S3 

David P. Jones, Ind 165 

Charles Blanchard, Ind 18 

County Judge. 

Benj. Olin, Ind.^ 4203 

Daniel H. Pinney, D 2374 

County Clerk. 

Walter B. Hawley, R 2566 

William H. Zarley, D 3330 

John B. Sollitt, Jr., G. B 718 

County Treasurer. 

Wm. F. Hutchinson, R 3037 

John T. Donohue, D. and G. B.3563 
Superintendent of Schools. 

Sarah C. Mcintosh, R 2471 

Joseph F. Perry, D .3730 

State House Appropriation. 

For 273 

Against 3365 



ELECTIONS, 1878. 
Coni:;i ess. 

Philip C. Hayes, R 3479 

Wm. S. Brooks, D 3915 

Alexander Campbell, G. B 1764 

Senator. 

Sylvester W. Mum, R 3434 

Daniel E. Hewes, D 3771 

Chas. W. Cook, G. B 1823 

Representatives. 

Jerry Kenniston, R 5395 

Fred. Kouka, R 5111* 

William Werner, D 4303* 

Henry LeCaron, D 3905* 

Wm. P. Thompson, G. B 5637* 

Clerk of Supreme Court. 

E. F. Dutton, R 3777 

H. R. Enoch, D 3510 

Richmond M. Springer, G. B. .1837 

Clerk of Appellate Court. 

James R. Combes, R 3793 

James R. Walshe, D 2490 

George M. Fugate, G. B 1823 

Sheriff. 

Henry F. Piepenbri'nk, R 4471 

David G. Mm-phy, D 3638 

Coroner. 
Frank M. Searles, R 3545 

F. W. Schoop, D 3458 

Eugene Daly, G. B 3134 

Ameiulinent to Sec. j/. Art. IV. 

For 7377 

Against 305 

ELECTIONS, 1879. 
County Treasurer. 

John T. Donohue, D 3515 

James W. Marlin, R 3160 \ 

Jas. J. Towser, G. B 434 

County Surveyor. 

A. J. Matthewson, R. ^ 6855 

Judge Supreme Court, jth Distiiet. 

Thomas Dent, R 1980 

T. Lyle Dickey, D ...3819 

Circuit Judges, gth Ciicuit. 

Francis Goodspeed, Ind 3733 

Josiah McRoberts, Ind 3453 

Charles Blanchard, Ind 1743 

Geo. W. Stipp, Ind 1744 

Royal E. Barber, Ind 1621 

Charles C. Warren, Ind 56 

Edwin S. Leland, Ind 473 

ELECTIONS, 1880. 

Presidential Electors. 

Robert T. Lincoln and others. .5776 

Patrick C. Haley and others . . . 3803 

B. S. Heath and others 883 

Jonathan Blanchard and others. 8 
Michael Millspaugh and others. 37 



GENERAL HISTORY OP WILL COUNTY. 



163 



Conr^i ess. 

William Cullen, R 5763 

Daniel Evans. D 3803 

Royal E. Barber, G. B. 917 

Board of Eqiializaiion. 

Amos Savage, R 5849 

Michael W. Shurts, D 8754 

Lott Schofield 870 

Represcntati7'es. 

Michael Collins, R 8460 

Harvey Stratton, R 7426i 

E. B. Shumway, D 10764.V 

Daniel McLaughlin, G. B 4545 

State s Attoniev for IVil! Coiintv. 

Cyrus W. Brown, R 5863 

James L. O'Donnell, D 4314 

Clerk of the Cireiiit Court. 

Robert Clow, R 5709 

George M. Arnold, D 4144 

George Sperry, G. B 613 

County Treasurer. 

George Munroe, P 5002 

Sheriff. 

Henry F. Piepeubrink, R 5399 

Peter P. Adler, D 4399 

Wm. P. Thompson, G. B 609 

Coroner. 

F. W. Werner, R. and D 9527 

Eugene Daly, G 981 

Ne7o Court House. 

For 3081 

Against 4939 

Aineiidiiieiit of See. 8 Art. X. 

For 6859 

Against 809 

ELECTIONS, 1882. 
Cono-ress 8th District. 

P. C. Haley, D 4868 

Wm Cullen, R 3935 

Otis Hardy, P 325 

Lewis Stewart, G. B 157 

Senator isf District. 

E. B. Shumway, D 5053 

Ed. C. Hazer, R 3785 

George Lynn, G 192 

Edwin B. Mason, P 233 

Representatives. 

George Bez, D 7422 

John O'Connell, D 7936 

James L. Owens, R 5863 

John R. Meader, R 5409 

James D. Frazer, G 1283 

County Judge. 

Chas. B. Garnsey, R 8663 

Royal E. Barber, G. B 297 

Benj. F. Allen, P 330 

County Clerk. 

William H. Zarley, D 4732 

Albert J. Sanger, R 4185 



George W. Minard, M.D., P. . . 317 

William H. Pacey, G. B 125 

Sheriff. 

Lorenz Reitz, D 4750 

Frank Haviland, R 4311 

J. J. Touser, G. B 271 

County Coroner. 

F. W. Werner, M.D., D 4828 

G. E. Willard, M.D., R 3952 

Eugene Daley, G. B 486 

County Ti easurer. 

Henry Spangle'r, D 4677 

Fred Wilke, R 4188 

John B. Sollitt, Sr., G 162 

John Conrad, P 328 

Superintendent of Schools. 

John McKeruan, D 4346 

W. F. Hutchinson, R. . 2984 

Joseph F. Perry, Ind 1801 

Adelia Mack, P 208 

Appropriations. 

Against $531,713.18 Appro 1311 

For.... 6659 

Ceding Canal to United States. 

Against 137 

For 9058 

In 1880 the vote of the 8th District 
was as follows: 

Counties. Rep. Bern. 

LaSalle 6,941 6,308 

Grundy 3,087 1,135 

Kendall 1,954 679 

DuPage 3,327 1,229 

Will 5,776 3,803 



Total 19,085 13,154 

Republican majority. . 5,931 

The Greenback vote was 2,225 in 
1880, reduced to 1,203 votes in 1882. 
The Prohibitionists gave 1,047 votes 
in 1882. 

In 1882 congressional honors were 
contested by Messrs. Cullen and Ha- 
ley, the latter reducing the Republi- 
can majority of 1880 to tlie close 
figures shown in the following table: 

Counties. Iir.p. Dem. 

LaSalle 5,162 6,349 

Grundy 1,597 997 

Kendall 1.340 456 

Du Page 1,817 1,003 

Will 3,935 4,868 

Total 13,851 13,673 

Republican majority . 17S 

Colonel Plumb was nominated for 
Congress in August, 1884, receiving 
30 district votes against Senator Mar- 
shall's 17. 



164 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTT. 

The Democratic convention of 1884 nominated Colonel M. 
\V. Shurts, of Joliet, as one of the Presidential Electors, while 
the Prohibitionists also selected a Joliet citizen — an old and 
tried temperance man— J. P. Mnrjohy, as one of their Presiden- 
tial Electors. 

Public Buildings. — In 1837 the first court-house and jail 
was erected by the contractors — Blackburn & Wilson — for 
$2,000. The building stood just north of the present county 
jail. The second court-house — that solid, rectangular struct- 
ure — which is now to be hidden behind the greater building of 
1884, was begun in 1847, and completed in 1848. Unlike its 
predecessor, it will remain with the people for years to come, to 
remind them of that time when the county was emerging from 
its days of settlement to hold a foremost place among the polit- 
ical divisions of the West. The new court-house was com- 
menced in April, 1884, and will, it is said, cost a quarter of a 
million of dollars to complete it. 

The county poor-house and farm, a history of which is given 
in that of the township wherein they are located, cost the county, 
in 1883, $4,218.97. The inventory of public property, in this 
institution, gives: 1 pair mares 10 years, 5 cows, 37 hogs, 34 
pigs, 1 new lumber wagon, 1 old lumber wagon, 1 old democrat 
wagon, 1 pair bob sleds, 1 set double harness, 1 set single har- 
ness, 1 plow, 1 drag, 1 cultivator, 1 hay rake, 20 acres corn, 7 
acres oats, 4 acres potatoes, 24 tons hay. 

Whole number of inmates in poor-house from September 10, 
1882, to September 10, 1883: Whole number during year, 103; 
whole number died during year, 8; whole number discharged 
during year, 42; whole number in county-house September 
10, 1883, Gl. Nationality: British and Irish, 30; German, 12; 
American, 10; Bohemian, 4; Swiss, 2; Swede, 2; French, 1. 

Courts and Bar. — The Circuit Court of Fulton county, the 
first connected with Northern Illinois, was held April 26, 1824. 
There was not another term of the court held until November 
10, 1825, when the old pioneer Judge, Hon. John York Sawyer, 
presided. Judge Sawyer was one of those early judges who had 
no finely furnished and fitted room in which to hold court. It 
was the humble cabin, or phiin board building, in which this 
able judge presided. Pie has been known to hold court upon 
the bank of the Mackinaw river in Tazewell county. He was a 
man eminently suited to the times. John Twing, attorney- 
general pro tern., acted as prosecuting attorney at this term, and 
Stephen Dewey clerk. Ossian M. Ross ofliciated as sheriff. This 
was the First Circuit at that time, and extended throughout the 
northern part of the State. A few years later it was changed to 
the Fifth, and included all tlie country in the Military Tract, 
even the counties of Cook and Jo Daviess. This county remained 
in the Fifth Judicial District until 1849, when the circuits were 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 1H5 

rearranged, and Will county placed in the Eleventh Circuit, lu 
1873 it belonged to the Seventh, and in 1877 to the Ninth Ci]-- 
cuit. 

The first mention we find of the Circuit Court in Cook 
county is contained in the minutes of September G, 1831, pro- 
viding that it be held in "Fort Dearborn, in the brick house, 
and in the lower room of said house." To preside over this 
session. Judge Young came in April, 1832, with the reports of 
war. In October, 183G, the first Circuit Court of Will county 
was held. Judge Thomas Ford presided. According to Mr. 
W. H. Woodruff's reminiscences, Wilson's store was the court- 
room. He states: "The court was constituted by appointing 
Levi Jenks, clerk, and Uri Osgood, State's attorney. Fenner 
Aldrich had just been elected sheriff, having heroically stepped 
forward to fill the gap caused by Bob Stevens's refusal, and he 
rang out the ' 0-yez, o-yez, the honorable Circuit Court of Will 
county is now in session,' for the first time in our history, and 
with a rhythm and a roar which I do not believe have been 
surpassed during the succeeding ages. Impressed with a sense 
of the importance and gravity of the occasion, his voice trembled 
a little and his chin quivered. But this only made the scene 
more impressive. But this was not all the court, A grand jury 
had been summoned and were now called. The following was 
the original panel: Armstead Runyon, Thomas Reed, Edward 
Poor, Thomas H. Rickey, Ralph Smith, Reason Zarley, Isaiah 
Treat, Joseph Cox, Peter McCarty, William Sheriff, Justin 
Taylor, Charles Goodwin, John I, Davidson, Harry Boardman, 
Ezra Goodhue, Richard L. Wilson, Samuel Holcomb, George 
Beckwith, Joseph Shoemaker, Elias Brown, and Aaron Moore. 
Five of these did not put in their appearance, and the sheriff, 
as is usual now, we believe, was ordered to fill up the vacancies 
from the loafers hanging around. George H. Woodruff, Will- 
iam Gougar, Richard Hobbs, Jonathan Barnett, and E. S. Sill 
Avere scooped up. Reason Zarley was chosen foreman." 

The Judges of the old 11th Circuit were: Hugh Henderson, 
April 4, 1849; S. AV. Randall (vice Henderson deceased), Octo- 
ber 31, 1854; S. W. Randall, June 25, 1855; Jesse 0. Xorton 
(vice Randall resigned), March 14, 1857; John Pearson, 1857; 
Sidney W. Harris, July 1, 1861; Josiah McRoberts, October 1, 
1866; Josiah McRoberts, June 27, 1867. 

The Judges of the 7th Circuit under the act of 1873 were: 
Josiah McRoberts, June 16, 1873, and Edwin S, Leland, June 
16, 1873. 

The Judges of the 9th Circuit under the act of 1877 are: 
Francis Goodspeed, August 20, 1877; George W. Stipp, June 
16, 1879; Josiah McRoberts, June 16, 1879; Francis Goodspeed, 
June 16, 1879. Charles B. Garnsey is Judge of the County 
Court. 
11 



166 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COILNTY. 

Among the members of the old bar were E. C. Fellows, 
1834-1876, died in August, 1876; Joel Manning, 1836-1869, 
died January 8, 1869; David L. Gregg, 1837, died in Nevada in 
1869; Jesse 0. Norton, 1839, died August 3, 1875; Uri Osgood,' 
1836, died Februarv, 1871; Willard Wood, 1836, William E. 
Little, 1840, died September 30, 1851; J. E. Streeter, died 
February 20, 1863; Counselor Pepper, General James Turney, 
N. D. El wood, John W. Paddock, 1847, died February 24, 1861; 
C. C. Pepper, 1835, Charles Gardner, Wm. A. Boardman, died 
in 1872; Hugh Henderson, 1835, died in October, 1851; John 
M. Wilson, died at Englewood, near Chicago, in 1883; John C. 
Newkirk, J. E. Doolittle and Judge G. D. A. Parks. 

Henry Snapp, 1843; Linton Zarley, T. L. Breckinridge, 
Eoyal E. Barber, W. W. Stevens, 1855, W. C. Goodhue, 1857, 
died October 19, 1870; S. W. Munn, 1852; D. G. Grover, 1859, 
died in 1862; T. A. Bartleson, 1855, died in 1862; John W. 
Merrill, 1859, Francis Goodspeed, Circuit Judge, though not 
pioneer lawyers, may be considered as members of the old bar 
of the county. Among the legal visitors to the county in 
early times were Hugh K. Colton, of Fulton; Pat. Ballingall 
and Bartleson, State's Attorneys, John Dean Caton, James H. 
Collins, Springfield; T.. Lyle Dickey, Goodrich and Butterfield, 
of Chicago. 

The county bar of the present time is made up as follows: 
A. F. Knox, C. M. Henssgen, John W. D'Arcy, E. E. Barber, 
S. W. Eandall, B. A. Fuller, John B. Fithian, Martin West- 
phal, S. P. Avery, E. C. Akin, G. D. A. Parks, C. A. Hill, 
Dorrance Dibell, J. H. Hanson, George J. Munroe, George S. 
House, Daniel F. Higgins, Asa F. Mather, D. H. Pinney, BenJ. 
Olin, Horace Weeks, Egbert Phelps, Thomas H. Hutchins, 
Chas. B. Garnsey, C. W. Brown, Fred Bennitt, Edward C, 
Hagar, A. C. Clement, H. D. Carpenter, J. H. i3reckinridge, 
E. Meers, H. M. Snapp, Henry Snapp, A. 0. Marshall, T. L. 
Breckinridge, P. C. Haley, J. L. O'Donnell, J. E. Flanders, 
Peter Shutls, S. W. Munn, C. W. Munn, Charles Goodspeed, E. 
M. Wing, J. W. Morrell, J. W. Johnson, Wilmington; William 
Mooney, Braid wood; J. S. Eeynolds, Braidwood; Frank E. 
Munn, Braidwood; William S. Myers, Lockport; Sheldon Har- 
mon, Lockport. In other pages very many references are made 
to citizens who were admitted to the bar, not now engaged in 
practice. 

Military History of Will County. — The military history of 
Will county begins with the Black Hawk war of 1832. Pre- 
viously, the Ottawas, Illinois, and Pottawattomies were the 
only interested inhabitants in military affairs, as they were, 
indeed, the only residents of the territory now embraced in the 
county. On the approach of the spring of 1832, Circuit Judge 
Eichard M. Young, and the pioneer lawyer, Benjamin Mills, 



I 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 167 

Colonel strode and others came from Galena, via Dixon, to be 
present at the court to be held at Chicago. They reported 
Black Hawk with five hundred Sauk and Fox warriors moving 
up Rock river in their war paint. Other arrivals, during court, 
confirmed the first news, and brought reports of the defeat of 
Major Stillman's volunteers. In April, 1832, preparations were 
made at Chicago to defend the settlers. The measures of de- 
fense took definite shape, May 2, 1832, when the adult male 
inhabitants of the settlement agreed to place themselves under 
the command of Gholson Kercheval, captain of militia, and 
George W. Dole and John S. C. Hogan, first and second lieu- 
tenants. The private troops thus enrolled were: Eich I. Ham- 
ilton, Jedediah Woolley, Jesse B. Brown, George H. Walker, 
Isaac Harmon, A. W. Taylor, Samuel Miller, James Kinzie, 
John F. Herndon, David Pemeton, Benjamin Harris, James 
Gindsay, S. T. Gage, Samuel Debaif, Rufus Brown, John Well- 
maker, Jeremiah Smith, William H. Adams, Herman S. Bond, 
James T. Osborne, William Smith, E. D. Harmon, Isaac D. 
Harmon, Charles Moselle, Joseph Lafromboise, Francis Le- 
barque, J. W. Zarley, Michael Ouilmette, Henry Boucher, 
Christopher Shedaker, Claude Lafromboise, David McKee, 
David Wade, Ezra Bond, William Bond, Robert Thompson, 
Samuel Ellis. 

Jedediah Woolley and J. W. Zarley, eldest son of Reason 
Zarley, represented Joliet Mound district, while George H. 
Walker represented the Ottawa portion of the volunteer mil- 
itary precinct. 

The news of the burning of Rev. James Sample and his wife 
by Gerty's band of Sauks, near Rock Island, increased the 
anxiety of the settlers, and urged them on to action. About 
May 16, 1832, a small force consisting of twenty-five men was 
organized in Fort Dearborn under the command of Captain J. 
B. Brown with Captain Joseph Naper, Colonel R. J. Hamilton 
and Captain Sisson, for the purpose of securing the frontier on 
Fox river, and to ascertain from personal observation the extent 
of the depredations committed on the property of the inhabitants. 
It was also intended to render aid to the inhabitants settled on 
the Du Page river, who had assembled at Mr, James Walker's, 
where Plainfield now stands, and erected a small fort for their 
protection. On the third evening after their departure, a camp 
was made near Holderman's grove. Before daylight the next 
morning, G. E. Walker, the sherilf of La Salle county, of Ot- 
tawa, came in with information that the Indians had attacked 
the Indian Creek settlement. Upon receiving this information, 
Captain Brown immediately marched the company, with all 
possible dispatch, to Indian Creek where the firing had been 
heard. Some five or six, a part of whom had joined the 
expedition on the route, left it and returned to aflEord protec- 



168 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

tion to their respective families. The company arrived at Will- 
iam Davis' house between nine and ten o'clock, May 20. The 
scene there, as described by Colonel Hamilton, was the most 
painful that could well be imagined. George H. Woodruff, in 
^Fiffy Years Ago, deals minutely with this massacre. He says: 
•^'On the afternoon of May 20th, according to the narrative of 
Mrs. Eachel Munson (then Eachel Hall), as given in the his- 
tory of La Salle countv, the situation of the settlement was as 
follows: H. K. Hall, the eldest son of William Hall, Mr. Davis 
and Mr. Robert Xorris were at work in the blacksmith shop 
near Mr. Hall's house. Two other sons of Hall, Mr. Howard 
and son, two sons of Mr. Davis, and John R. Henderson, were 
breaking prairie half a mile from the house. Henry, George 
and William Davis, Jr., were at work on the mill-dam near by; 
while Mr. Pettigrew, and wife and three children, Mrs. Hall and 
three daughters, Sylvia, aged seventeen; Rachel, aged fifteen, 
and Elizabeth, aged eight, and Mr. Davis, were in the house. 
Suddenly a band of Indians in their horrid war paint entered 
the dooryard and rushed for the door. Mr. Pettigrew, with child 
in his arms, endeavored to shut the door, but was shot down. 
Mrs. Pettigrew, with her arms around Rachel Hall, was the 
next victim, the flash of the gun burning the latter's cheek. 
An Indian seized a child of Pettigrew's and beat out its brains 
against a stump. A little son of Davis was held by two Indians 
while a third shot him. The deaths of Mr. Hall, Mr. Norris 
and of Mr. George, and of Mr. Davis and wife quickly followed. 
Davis was a strong, powerful man, and defended himself some 
time, and clubbing his rifle used it vigorously for a while over 
the heads of his assailants, but was at last overpowered and 
killed. And so the savage butchery went on until fifteen in all 
were killed. Some succeeded in making their escape, but only 
two were spared from the slaughter. These were the two girls, 
Sylvia and Rachel Hall." It is related that two Indian admir- 
ers of the Misses Hall carried them into captivity. Their free- 
dom was gained June 3, 1832, by two Winnebago chiefs, who 
paid the Sauks 12,000 cash, forty horses, a lot of blankets, and 
a number of peltries. J. W. Hall, their brother, who barely 
escaped the massacre, aided by Colonel Gratiot and the Winne- 
bagoes were the movers in the negotiations for the release of the 
captives. The Legislature of 1883 granted to each of the Misses 
Hall a tract of canal lands, while Congress appropriated a sum 
of money for their use. Sylvia married Rev. W. L. Home in 
May, 1833, and sold her land claim to James McKee, of Jack- 
sonville. This claim he located on the west half of the south- 
east quarter of section nine, on the west bank of the Des Plaines. 
The tide of war seemed turned toward Will county, even be- 
fore the Indian Creek massacre. The settlers round Walker's 
mills, together with the refugees from Fox river, who gave the 



GEXEEAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 169 

first alarm, had assembled at the house of Stephen R. Beggs, 
after Captain Brown's company left. Lawton of Riverside, and 
many of his Indian relatives who met Gerty's band at Hollen- 
beck's cabin, near Indian Creek, and knew of the massacre, 
arrived at Walker's mills May 21, 1832, confirmed all the bad 
tidings, and urged them to make every preparation for defend- 
ing the settlement. At this time there were 125 souls around 
the house of Mr. Beggs, including the refugees from the Fox 
river and neighborhood, all marshaled under James Walker, 
and ready to enter the barricaded house of Mr. Beggs — Fort 
Beggs, on the first signal of danger. It was even proposed to 
evacuate this position and seek refuge in Chicago, but the propo- 
sition was opposed by Mrs. R. Flagg and others, and thus a 
record of the Massacre of Walker's Mills has not been trans- 
mitted. It is now known that a large body of savages awaited 
such a movement to effect the murder of the whole number of 
settlers and refugees, as they did that of Rev. Adam Payne who 
did leave. On May 22 or 23, 1832, Captain Brown's Rangers 
returned, en route to Fort Dearborn, and with them the inhab- 
itants of Fort Begg marclied to Chicago. (Vide history of 
Plainfield for names. ) 

The Fort or Block House at Joliet Mound was constpucted 
in 1832 by the Vermillion county militia under Colonel Moore 
and Gurdon S. Hubbard, assisted by Reason Zarley, Jesse Cook 
and other citizens of the neighborhood who returned after the 
first alarm. To this post the name of Fort Konsense was given. 
The one company garrison was transferred to Fort Xaper soon 
after by order of General Atkinson, and at the request of Joseph 
Naper. The Fort at Yankee Settlement was commanded by 
Holder Sisson, a soldier of the War of 1812. 

The personal history of the militia organizations of Plain- 
field, and Yankee Settlement, taken from the Adjutant Gen- 
eral's records, and so fully noticed in Mr. Woodruff's remin- 
iscences of fifty years ago, are given thus: 

Walker's Grove. — Muster roll of a detachment of mounted 
volunteers, commanded by Captain James Walker, enrolled 
June 25, 1832, in Cook county, Illinois, and mustered out of 
service August 12, 1832: James Walker, captain. Lieut, 
enants — First, Chester Smith; Second, George Hollenbeck- 
Sergeants — William See, Edmund Weed, Chester Ingersoll. 
Corporals — Elisha Fish, Reuben Flagg, Peter Watkins. Mu- 
sician — Edward A. Rogers. Privates — B. F. Watkins, Henry 
Jones, Thomas WooUey, Henry Weak-ley, Ralph Smith, Elisha 
Curtiss, Samuel Fountain, Thomas R. Covell, E. G. Anient, 
Peter Watkins, J. Woolley, A, C. Anient, James Gillson, Hiram 
Anient, D. J. Clark, Total, 25 men. Rev. S. R. Beggs was 
also a member of this company, but being detained in Chicago, 
his name was not on the muster roll, but he got his land warrant. 



170 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COTJNTY. 

Yanhee Settlement. — Muster roll of a company of mounted 
volunteers, commanded by Captain Holder Sisson, enrolled 
July 23, 1832, in Cook county, Illinois, for defense of northern 
portion of the State of Illinois, against the Sac and Fox Indians, 
and mustered out of service August 13, 1832: Captain — Holder 
Sisson. Lieutenants — First, Eobert Stevens; Second, W. T. 
Bradford. Sergeants — James Sayers, Uriah Wentworth, John 
Cooper, Abraham Francis. Corporals — Armstead Runyon, 
Thomas Coombs, Edward Poor, Cornelius C. Van Horn. Pri- 
vates — William Cougar, John Cougar, Nicholas Cougar, Daniel 
Gougar, Aaron Moore, Daniel Eobb, Daniel Height, Aaron 
Friend, Joseph Norman, David Maggard, Aaron Wares, Thomas 
Francis, John McDeed, James McDeed, Abraham VanHorn, 
Simon 0. VanHorn, Wm. Rogers, Calvin Rowley, Selah Lanfear, 
David Crandall, Alva Crandall, Daniel Mack, Wm. Barlow, 
Joseph Johnson, James Johnson, Silas Henderson, Patterson 
Frame, Oren Stevens, Joseph Cox, Alfred Johnson, Lucius Scott, 
Benjamin MacGard, Anderson Poor, Samuel Fleming, David 
Smith, Peter Lemesis, Timothy B. Clark, Barrett Clark, Wm. 
Clark, Enoch Darling, John Wilson, Wm. Chapman, 0. L. 
Turner, James Mathews, Peter Lampseed. Total, 60 men. 

The roster of Captain Joseph Naper's company was con- 
tributed by William Naper, for the use of G. H. Woodruff's 
recent historical paper. 

Naper Settlement. — Captain — Joseph Naper. Lieutenants 
— First, Alanson Sweet; Second, Sherman King. Sergeants — 
First, S. M. Salsbury; Second, John Manning; Third, Walter 
Stowell; Fourth, John Naper. Corporals — First, T. E. Parsons, 
Second, Lyman Butterfield; Third, I. P. Blodgett; Fourth, 
R. N. Murray. Privates — P. F. W. Peck, William Barber, 
Richard W. Sweet, John Stevens, jr., Calvin M. Stowell, John 
Fox, Dennis Clark, Caleb Foster, Augustine Stowell, George 
Fox, T. Parsons, Daniel Landon, William Gault, LTriah Paine, 
John Stevens, Seth Westcott, Henry T. Wilson, Christopher 
Paine, Baily Hobson, Josiah H. Giddings, Anson Ament, Calvin 
Ament, Edmund Harrison, Willard Scott, Percy Hawley, Peter 
Wickoff. Of this company, Walter Stowell, I. P. Blodgett, 
Seth Westcott, Josiah H. Giddings, Willard Scott and Percy 
(or Pierce) Hawley, were from the present bounds of Will 
county. P. F. W. Peck moved to Chicago at this time, and 
may be said to be one of the men whom that location made. 

While all those preparations for defense were being made in 
Cook county, the people of Central Illinois were not idle spec- 
tators. Three thousand militia were ordered out from Peoria 
and the counties south of it, and marched to Rock river, where 
they were joined by a detachment of regular troops from Fort 
Armstrong, under General Atkinson. A party of one hundred 
and fifty militia, under the command of Major Dement, fell in 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 171 

with a detachment of Indians, commanded by Black Hawk him- 
self, somewhere between Rock river and Galena. An action 
ensued, in which the Indians were routed. The main army con- 
tinued to move up Rock river, around the headwaters of which, 
it was said, the Indians were concentrated. On the 21st of July, 
General Henry, commanding an advanced party of the army, 
came up with the Indians between the Blue Mounds and the 
"Wisconsin river. The troops were formed into a hollow square, 
and all attempts to break the line by the savages were in vain. A 
general charge was finally made by the troops, when the Indians 
were forced to retreat, with the loss of between fifty and sixty 
of their number. The Indians continued tlieir retreat to the 
northwest, crossed the Wisconsin river, and moved up the east 
bank of the Mississippi. About fifty miles above Prairie du 
Chien, they were again overtaken and completely routed, with 
the loss of one hundred and fifty warriors. This victory com- 
pletely broke the power of Black Hawk, and ended the war. 
He was captured by a party of Winnebagoes, and delivered up 
to the officers of the United States at Prairie du Chien, on the 
27th of August, 1832. He was interned in Fortress Monroe, 
tried and returned to his reservation, and died October 3, 1838. 
War for the Union. — The following military of the county, 
together with the rosters of the G. A. R., and personal notices 
found throughout this work, contain the names of all soldiers 
who enlisted in this county, as well as a great number of soldiers 
from other counties and States now residing here. The Board 
of Supervisors appropriated 85,000 Aj^ril 30, 1801, to aid the 
families of volunteers and defray the expenses of enlistment. 
September 17 a refund from the States to the county of 11,579 
was reported by Supervisor Goodell. 'At this meeting of the 
Supervisors there were sixty soldiers^ families reported as requir- 
ing aid, to meet which demand a sum of $3,775 was appropri- 
ated — the expenditure being based upon a weekly allowance of 
11.25 per week for the wife or guardian, and fifty cents per week 
for each child under twelve years of age. On July 29, 18G2, 
the Board appropriated '^60,000 for a war fund. A bounty of 
$60 Avas offered to each volunteer. At the September meeting 
of 1863, 8710. On December 16, 1863, the sum of $39,225 was 
appropriated for I>100 bounties to be paid to all who would 
enlist before the draft. To negotiate the loan of this amount 
and disburse it, Geo. Woodruff, B. F. Russell, H. Howk of Jol- 
iet, A. J. Mclntyre of Wilmington, and Wm. Gooding of Lock- 
port, were appointed a committee. An appropriation of $2,750 
was made May 11, 1864, to provide for a bounty of 127,50 to all 
who should enlist in the three months regiments then called for. 
To meet the quota of call for 500,000 men, made July 1, 1864, 
the Supervisors on August 20, 1864, offered a bounty of $200. 
To meet this the sum of $80,000 was appropriated, together 



172 GENEEAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

with 12,000 additional for the relief of soldiers' families. The 
September meeting of the Board adopted a $325 bounty to 
drafted men or their substitutes, together with granting a 1100 
bounty to soldiers who reenlisted under the calls of the Avinter 
of 1863-1. To meet this liberal provision for the citizen sol- 
diers, a further sum of $10,000 was appropriated. The total 
of county appropriations was $235,908 ; the town of Lock- 
port appropriated $T,284; Lockport Village Association appro- 
priated $5,743; town of Florence, $10,075; town of Troy, 
$18,271 ; town of Wheatland, $9,340 ; town of Joliet, $40,000— 
total of official appropriations, $326,621. This was only a small 
proportion of the amount which tbe citizens of Will County 
paid out directly and indirectly for war purposes. The true or 
actual expenditure never can be known — the value of between 
five and six hundred citizen solders' lives can never be precisely 
estimated. The worth of women's work throughout the county 
was incalculable. 

The old Artillery Company of Plainfield began reorgan- 
ization on April 14; took out the old field piece, and awak- 
ened the echoes of Sumter in the West. Captain Hawley's 
Lockport Battery, though never mustered in, placed the first 
gun in position for the defense of Cairo, April 22, 1861. 
The Plainfield Battery entered the United States Service at 
Cairo, as Company K, and part of Company I. Tenth Illinois 
Infantry, in Brigadier-General Swift's Division. 

Camp Goodell, on the old Fair Grounds, was established and 
tenanted by the Twentieth Illinois Infantry, May 11, 1861, with 
C. C. Marsh, Commander. The Twentieth Eegiment was or- 
ganized here with C. C. Marsh, Colonel and Wm. Erwin, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel. The uniforms for Hildebrant's Company were 
presented by the ladies of the county, and the Eegimental flag 
by R. C. Goodell, and one to Company F by the ladies. This 
command took part in the Stephen E. Douglas funeral cere- 
monies, held at joliet, June 10, was mustered into service June 
13, and left en route for the field June 19. From this date for- 
ward to tbe eve of the peace, Joliet and indeed every village 
and township of Will county was alive with preparation for 
sending aid to the Union Armies in men, money and supplies. 

The draft was introduced into the county in September, 1864, 
notwithstanding the great effort made to dispense with it. Ninety- 
four men are still required to fill the quota of the county. 
Substitutes are offered as high as $1,500, nor is the quota sup- 
plied before the news of victory everywhere is given to the 
people. 

In the following regimental rosters names are given alpha- 
betically by companies, names of commissioned officers leading 
the roster "of private soldiers. The reader is referred to the 
chronological history of the United States, given at the end of 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 173 

Part I of this work, which gives dates of battles and other 
important facts connected with the War of 1861-5. 

Tentli Illinois Infantry. — McAllister's Battery (originally 
organized in 1855), was mustered into this regiment as Com- 
pany K and part of Company I at Springfield, April 19, 1861, 
and subsequently into the United States service at Cairo. It 
was mustered out July 25, 1861, when many of its members 
entered other commands. The officers from Will county were 
Edward McAllister, Captain; George J. Wood, First Lieutenant; 
W. C. Chapman, Second Lieutenant; A. W. Coe, J. W. Kerch- 
eval, Charles M. Barnett and J. A. Borland, Sergeants; Julius 
D. Roberts, L. B. Wightman, Josiah Burdick and John Fellows, 
Corporals; M. W. Borland, Musician. 

The roster contains the following names of private soldiers 
from Plainfield, Illinois: George H. Apthorp, H. L. Alford, 
Lyman Baird, Nelson Boyd, Fred W. Boyd, Elisha Brown, 
Darius F. Colegrove, Edward C. Clay, Oliver G. Corbin, Joseph 
C. Countryman, Edgar H. Cooper, Russell Carter, Amos Cook, 
James H. Dudley, Luke Highland, Edward F. Hill, Lorenzo R. 
Hills, Henry Houghton, John B. Hubbard, Wade H. Jacobs, 
Louden C. Jacobs, Fayette Lacey, Martin \ . Landers, William 
H. Lutter, Christian Lukeutery, Alonzo R. Lord, Milo W. 
Miles, George R. McChester, William H. H. Mills, Edwin J. 
Norris, Daniel H. Pierce, George H. Piatt, Septimus J. Piatt, 
Andrew G. Potter, Francis Pardy, Nelson Platts, William H. 
Palmer, Henry S. Price, Robert Paxson, A. G. S. Rose, 
Moses S. Reynolds, David B. Rossiter, James H. Riddle, 
Joseph R. Randall, Orland AV. Royce, Alpheus W. Rogers, 
Henry Shenille, Henry Saltsgiver, Samuel Spangler, Peter W. 
Spangler, Adam S. Spangler, Daniel H. Sheffler, James Sellers, 
Wells C, Shirick, Isaac Sweetwood, George Steward, Daniel 
Tedrow, George C. Tunnecliff, Jonathan E. Thompson, William 
Thaller, George W. Wood, Edwin S. Woods, Robert B. Wight, 
George H. Warten, Edmund Waters, Milton R. Wood. George 
F. Bond, George A. Freelove and S. B. Freelove were from 
Wheatland; Fitzroy Buell from Channahon, and Edward J. 
Horseley from Joliet. Coe, Borland and Wightman of the 
non-commissioned officers were from Joliet. Harry L. Alford, 
Lyman Baird and Wade H. Jacobs died in service at Cairo; I. 
Sweetwood died after 

There being more men in the battery than could be mustered 
into one company, the following were mustered into Company 
I. The men with the exception of William Hays, of Wheat- 
land, were all from Plainfield, and enlisted April 19, 1861. 
Amos Bowers, George Bowers, Hugh Bass, John W. Edmunds, 
John W. Funk, William Hays, George W. Johnson, George H. 
Marvin, William Moore, Patrick McCauley, Charles L. Pratt, 
William L. Tedrow, Edward H. White, Charles West. After 



174 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

M. 0. Charles L. Pratt enlisted in First Artillery for three 
years. 

Twelfth Illinois Infantry (Three months Regiment). — Was 
organized April 23, ^61, and mustered out in July following. 
Edwin S. Miner, Francis Edbrook and Elbridge Palmer, all of 
Joliet, enlisted in this command. The first named soldier re- 
enlisted in the One Hundredth Illinois Infantry. 

Seventh Illinois Infantry (Three years). — Was mustered in 
at Cairo. Its organization dates from July 25, ^61. Among its 
members were William H. Flisher, re-enlisted December 22, '63, 
and Charles Steafbold, enlisted February 1, '64, both of Wheat- 
land. William Mitchell joined the command November 20, '61, 
and James L. Mayes in March, '61, both of Plainfield. Flisher 
served in Company C, in July, '61. All were mustered out 
July 9, '65. 

Twelfth IlMiiois Infantry (Three years). — Was organized July 
25, 1861. Will county was represented in this command by Joel 
Grant, Chaplain, commissioned August 1, 1861; Joseph Butler, 
private. Company H, enlisted September 20, 1861, and Edward 
S. Brown, recruit. Company D, enlisted October 22, 1864, all of 
Lockport. Martin Neuerburg, enlisted January, 1864, was pro- 
moted Sergeant of Company K, and served until mustered out 
in July, 1865; Butler was discharged for disability July, 1862, 

Thirteenth Illinois Infantry (Three years). — Organized may 
25, 1861, and mustered in at Dixon, Illinois; claimed Charles 
Crugs, William H. Marsh, Michael McKnight, and I. Teeple, all 
of Joliet, in Company K, and Albert W. Mulligan of Lockport 
in Company F. McKnight and Mulligan were mustered out 
June 18, 1864; Marsh fell into the hands of the rebels De- 
cember 29, 1862, at Chickasaw, placed in hospital at Jackson, 
Mississippi, was restored to the army when the Twentieth Illi- 
nois entered Jackson, discharged for disability, and died a short 
time after his return to Joliet. Teeple and Crugs served after- 
wards in the Missouri Cavalry Tenth and Sixth Regiments. 

Fourteenth Illinois Infantry (Three years). — Organized May 
25, 1861, had one representative, William Rath of Joliet, who was 
killed at Shiloh in April, 1862. 

Fourteenth and Fifteenth Illinois Infantry Consolidated. — 
Contained J. F. Stephens of Joliet, wounded at Brill's Gap, 
January 1, 1864, mustered out in June 1865, and Edward Alport 
of Lockport, a recruit of April 5, 1865, who was absent at mus- 
ter out. 

Fifteenth Illinois Infantry. — Original, organized May 25 
and mustered in at Freeport, claimed H. S. Cottle of Wilming- 
ton Captain of Company C, mustered out at consolidation July, 
1864. 

Fifteenth Illinois Infantry Reorganized. — Had Henry G. 
Brown of Joliet, and the recruits — William Robinson of Crete, 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 1Y5« 

James W. Brown and David Fisher of Weston, all mustered out 
in July, 1865. 

Nineteenth Illinois Infantry, organized in 18G1, contained 
W. F. Keith of Joliet, discharged for disability in March, 18G2, 
and James B. Weaver, of Homer, who was transferred tO' 
Bridge's battery and mustered out. 

Twentieth Illinois Infantry (Three years). — Was organized 
by Wm. Erwin under Col. C. Marsh, June 13, 18G1, and mustered 
in at Joliet; contained the following-named soldiers from Will 
Co.: Harry King, col., enlisted at Joliet, May 14, 18G1; chosen 
2d lieut. at organization of Co. B; prom. 1st lieut. Feb. 15, 
1862, capt. July 1, 1862, lieut.-col. May 19, 1865, col. July 15, 
1865; M. 0. as lieut.-col.; wounded at Vicksburgand also before- 
Atlanta, July 22, 18G4. William Erioin, lieut.-col., April 21,. 
1861; chosen capt. at organization of Co. F; prom, lieut.-col. 
June 13, 1861; killed in battle at Fort Donaldson, Feb. 15, 
1862. John W. Goodwin, major, April 22, 1861; chosen 1st 
lieut. of Co. B at organization; prom, major May 14, 1861; 
resigned Dec. 17, 1861. Frederick A. Bartelson, major, April 
22, 1861; chosen capt. of Co. B at organization; prom, major 
Feb. 15, 1861; lost left arm at Shiloh; M. 0. Aug. 30, 1862, for 
promotion in 100th Ills. Inf. Frederick K. Bailey, asst. sur- 
geon, May 14, 1861; resigned Aug. 31, 1862; afterwards hospital 
surgeon at Quincy. Charles Button, chaplain. May 14, 1861;: 
resigned March 24, 1863. John E. Thompson, adj., June 13, 
1861, as private in Co. F; prom. adjt. Nov. 10, 1861; killed in 
battle at Shiloh, April 6, 1862. Gideon Bernier, capt. Co. B, 
June 13, 1861, as private; chosen corp., prom. 2d lieut. Feb. 
16, 1862, J St lieut. July 1, 1863, and capt. June 22, 1865; cap- 
tured, taken to Savannah, then to Charleston, and placed under 
fire; M. 0. Jnly 16, 1865; since deceased. John F. Cleghorn, 
capt. Co. B, April 22, 1861; chosen 2d lieut. at organization, 
prom. 1st lieut. May 14, 1861, and capt. Feb. 15, 1862; resigned 
July 1, 18G3; was severely wounded at Shiloh, and again at 
Vicksburg. Thomas Q. "Hildebrandt, capt. Co. F, May 14, 
1861, as 1st lieut. at organization, prom, capt., was dismissed 
Oct. 1, 1862; restored and honorably dis. ; see hist, of regt. 
David D. Wadsiuorth, capt. Co. F, June 13, 1861; entered as 
sergt., prom. 1st lieut.' Sept. 1, 1861, and capt. Oct. 1, 1862;; 
resigned; was wounded at Vicksburg; taken prisoner July 22, 

1864. Milton Whimsey, capt. Co. F, June 13, 186 1, as corp., 
prom. 1st sergt., prom. capt. April 20, 1865; M. 0. July 16, 

1865. Michael L. Faninger, 1st lieut, Co. B., June 13, 1861,. 
as sergt.; vet.; prom. 1st lieut. June 22, '65; wounded at Brit- 
ton's Lane; wounded before Atlanta, July 22, Fred L. Barker, 
2d lieut, Co, B, June 13, '61, as private; vet. ; prom. Q. M. 
sergt.; prom. 2d lieut.; M. 0. July 16, 1865. James E. Shields, 
1st lieut. Co. F, April 24, '61; chosen 2d lieut, at organization:. 



176 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

prom. 1st lieut. May 14, '61; acting Q. M.; resigned Feb. 26, 
'62. Jeremiah B. Bailey, 1st lieut. Co. F, May 14, '61; chosen 
2d lieut. at organization; prom. 1st lieut. Oct. 1, '62; resigned 
Nov., 1864; taken prisoner July 22. John W. Coombs, ls,i\\Q\xt. 
"Co. F, June 13, '61, as private; vet.; prom. 1st lieut. April 20, 
'65; M. 0. July 16, '65; slightly wounded at Donaldson, also 
before Atlanta. James F. Branch, 2d lieut. Co. F, June 13, 
'61, as sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. Oct. 12, '62; term expired June 
22, '64; wounded at Donaldson. John J. Quackenhush, 2d 
lieut. Co. F, June 13, '61, as private; vet.; prom. 2d lieut. July 
16, '65; M. 0. July 16, '65, as sergt.; slightly wounded at Don- 
aldson. Edward P. Boas, capt. Co. Gr, June 13, '64, as pri- 
vate; prom. Q. M. sergt. June 13, '61, prom. 1st lieut. Oct. 4, 
'61; prom. capt. Nov. 16, '62; hon. dis. March 12, '65; captured 
at Raymond. Ralph W. Marshall, 1st lieut. new Co. A, Oct. 
11, '64, as private in new Co. A.; prom. 1st lieut. March 2, '65; 
M. 0. July 16, '65. Henry Van Dorn, 2d lieut. Co. A, Oct. 7, 
'64, as private; prom. March 2, '65; M. 0. July 16, '65. Ellis 
P. Frazier, hos. steward, June 13, '61; M. 0. June 15, '64. 
William D. Rudgers, \m\\. musician, June 13, '61; M. 0. June 
13, '64; wounded at Donaldson. 

Company B. — Elias M. Tyler, dis. for dis. May 1, '63; 1st 
sergt.; Lewis Payfair, dis. for dis. Dec. 2, '61; 1st sergt. Henry 
■Case, 1st sergt. Charles Gordon, dis. for dis. April 12, '62; 1st 
sergt. James Hoag; dis. June 13, '64; wounded at Shiloh. 
Reuben Atkins, dis. June 13, '64; severely wounded at Shiloh. 
John Wiest, killed at Fort Donaldson, Feb. 15, '%'2. John B. 
Wells, trans, to invalid corps March 15, '64; wounded at Don- 
aldson. Frank Acker, vet.; M. 0. as sergt. July 16, '65; 
slightly wounded at Raymond. Isaac B. Reynolds, killed at 
Shiloh, April 6, '62. James E. Bruce, died at Cairo, Jan. 6, 
'62. Henry Tice, died at Cape Girardeau, April 20, '61; musi- 
cian. Philo Fuller, killed at Columbus, Ky. ; taken prisoner, 
paroled, and killed on railroad by bushwhackers. Sept, 21, '62; 
musician. Willard Morford, dis. June 13, '64; wagoner. Au- 
gust Abrams, private, dis. for dis. Jan. 1, '63; severely wounded 
at Britton's Lane. Benjamin F. Adams, dis. June 18, '64; 
term expired. Philip Bentz, killed at Shiloh, April 6, '62. 
George Bentz, dis. Oct. 25, '62; wounded at Donaldson. Eu- 
gene R. Currier, vet.; M. 0. as corp. ; wounded at Fort 
Donaldson and Shiloh. Frederick Cane, dis. June 13, '64; 
term expired. John Caswell, dis. for dis. June 21, '62. 
Henry C. Cassady, dis. for dis. Dec. 2, '61. James Car- 
son, dis. June 13, '64; wounded in thigh at Donaldson. 
George D. Carr, vet.; M. 0. as corp.; captured July 22, '64. 
James H. Connor, vet.; M. 0. as corp.; captured July 22, '64. 
Francis Danser, killed at Shiloh April 6, '62. Julius Davis. 
Lucius E. Dewey, died at Cape Giradeau Sept. 24, '61. Gen- 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 17T 

era! Davis^ dis. for dis. ISTov. 14, 'Gl. Charles Decker. Joshua 
A. Dykeman. Wilbur S. Emory, died at Mound City, Nov. 1^. 
'61. James C. Eckels. George W. Flought, vet. ; M. 0. July 
16, '65; served as hospital steward divn. Albert J. Glass, M. 
0.; captured July 22, '64. Heinrich Gehrich, dis. June 13, 
74, time out; butcher; old soldier in Germany; wounded at 
Donaldson. Thos. H. Glasscock, died at Cape Girardeau Sept. 
25, '61. James Galligher, vet.; M. 0. July 16, '65; wounded 
at Shiloh. Joseph Griffin, wounded at Donaldson; died at 
Vicksburg Aug. 15, '63. Max Hoffman. Augustus Hattis, 
dis. June 13, '64; wounded. Hiram Holden, died at Lagrange, 
Tenn., January 28, '63. John F. Hobbs, dis. June 13, '64. 
Horace H. Hadley, dis. for dis. December 1, '61. George H. 
Hodge, died at Vicksburg, September 21, '63; wounded. Wm. 
Howell. Michael J. Kendall, died at Vicksburg, September 
21, '63; wounded. Thomas Kennedy, veteran; taken prisoner. 
George Lee, June 13, 1861; dis. June 13, 1864, time exp.; 
wounded at Shiloh, Donaldson and Thompson's Hill. John 
McConchie, June 13, 1861; vet.; M. 0. as sergt.; captured July 
22, 1864; wounded. William Mortman, June 13, 1861; dis. for 
dis., June 5, 1863. Samuel S. Myers, June 13, 1863; dis. June 
13, 1864; wounded at Shiloh. John S. Morse, June 13, 1861; 
dis. for dis., Nov. 15, 1864. Lindsey W. Milan, June 13, 1861; 
wounded at Peach Tree Creek, and died in hospital at Marietta. 
Henry W. Nase, June 13, 1861; dis. April 21, 1864. John H. 
Near, June 13, 1861; dis. June 13, 1864, term exp. Henry 
Osterman, June 13, 1861; dis. for dis., June 1, 1862. Wayne 
Patterson. June 13, 1861; died of wounds, May 14, 1863; Ray- 
mond. Hiram B. Putnam, June 13, 1861; dis. Dec. 26, 1862. 
George Reynolds, June 13, 1861; died at Mound City, Oct. 16,, 
1861. Francis M. Rook, June 13, 1861; vet.; wounded at 
Donaldson, Britton's Lane, and before Atlanta; ]\L 0. July 16, 
1865. Henry Stevens, June 13, 1861; dis. June 13, 1864, '^time 
exp. George F. Smith, June 13, 1861; vet.; wounded at Don- 
aldson; M. 0. July 16, 1865; captured July 22, 1864. Theo- 
dore Sleight, June 13, 1861; died at Birds Point, Sept. 19, 1861. 
Henry Sampson, June 13, 1861; dis. June 14, 1864, as corp. ; 
wounded at Donaldson. George Smith, June 13, 1861; vet.; 
M. 0. as Corp.; wounded at Vicksburg; taken prisoner at Brit- 
ton's Lane. Artemus Train, June 13, 1861; died at Wilming- 
ton, 111., Dec. 21, 1861. William Turner, June 13, 1861; died 
at St. Louis, July 17, 1863; prisoner at Britton's Lane. Rudolph 
Troove. June 13, 1861; killed at Shiloh, April 6, 1862. Will- 
iam S. Vail, June 13, 1861; sergt.; wounded at Shiloh; killed 
at Britton's Lane, SejDt. 1, 1862. William H, Wilson, June 13, 
1861. W. B. Worthingham, June 13, 1861; dis. Feb. 7, 1863. 
Wilson W. Wright, June 13, 1861; died Feb. 18, 1862, of wounds 
received at Donaldson. Frederick Whitlake, June 13, 1861; 



178 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

vet.; M. 0. July 16, 1865; wounded; captured July 22, 1864. 
John Warren, June 13, 1861; died at Memphis, July 8, 1863. 
Jerome Webler, June 13, 1861; M. 0. June 24, 1864. Timothy 
Connor, Dec. 30, 1863; killed before Atlanta, July 21, 1864. 
Edwin S. Connor, June 39, 1861; corp. Edward B. Connor, 
•June 19, 1861; dis. June 13, 1864; wounded at Shiloh. Will- 
iam H. Carlton, June 28, 1861; died at Dover, Tenn., Feb. 6, 
1862, of exposure. Andrew J. Carlton, June 28, 1861; killed 
at Alton, Aug. 27, 1863. Charles E. Collins, June 28, 1861; 
dis. for dis., Dec. 2, 1861. George A. Carew, April 3, 1865; 
M. 0. July 16, 1865. Moses N. Decker, June 14, 1861; dis. for 
dis., Feb. 2, 1862. John George, June 13, 1861; dis, June 13, 
1864; wounded at Thompson's Hill. Charles Gaines, Dec. 22, 
1863; died in Andersonville, Sept. 28, 1864; captured July 22, 
1864; grave, No. 9,922; wounded. Joseph Hobbs, Aug. 18, 
1862; M. 0. June 15, 1865. William Hobbs, Aug. 18, 1862; 
M. 0. June 15, 1865; captured before Atlanta, July 22, 1864. 
Garrett Hamlin, June 10, 1861; dis. for dis., Nov. 14, 1861. 
William H. Myers, Aug. 9, 1861; vet.; M. 0.; sergt. George 
B. Miller, Dec. 1, 1863; vet.; M. 0. July 16, 1863. John H. 
Nase, April 22, 1861. Martin Neff, Oct. 14, 1861; died at 
Cairo, Sept. 2, 1863. Pliney F. Putnam, June 10, 1861; dis. 
for dis., May 16, 1862. Charles E. Payfair, Aug. 9, 1861. 
Charles H. Eussell, Aug. 9, 1861; dis. for dis., June 21, 1862. 
Moses Rose, Aug. 9, 1861; M. 0.; captured before Atlanta, 
July 22, 1864. James Sarver, April 22, 1861. Henry _A. 
Sperry, June 18, 1861; died of wounds received at Champion 
Hills, May 18, 1863; wounded at Shiloh; prisoner at Britton's 
Lane. John Smith, June 13, 1861; vet,; M. 0. as corp.; 
wounded; captured July 22. 1864, before Atlanta. William 
Supplee, June 13, 1861; died at Memphis, Feb. 27, 1863. John 
D. VanAllen, April 22, 1861; dis. June 13, 1864. Jacob B. 
Worthingham, Aug. 9, 1861; dis. for dis.. May 27, 1862; 
severely wounded at Shiloh. 

Miscellaneous Cojnpanies. — Thomas Elliott, private, Co. C, 
June 13, 1861; dis. for dis,, Aug. 26, 1862; wounded at Donald- 
son. Benedict Herbert, private, Co. D, June 13, 1861 ; vet. ; M. 0. 
July 16, 1865, Henry W. Brown, recruit, Aug, 11, 1861; dis. for 
dis,, March 25, 1862. Henry Bedda, recruit, June 16, 1861; 
killed at Fort Donaldson, Feb. 14, '62, William Kidder, 
recruit, June 16, '61; killed at Shiloh, April 6, '62. James 
K. Pickerell, recruit, Aug. 11, '61; dis. for dis,, Dec. 27, '61. 
George Walker, recruit, March 10, '65; M. 0. July 16, '65. 
Ebenezer Williams, recruit; dis. for dis,, Dec. 30, '61. John G. 
Bolton, private, Co. E, June 13, '61; dis. June 13, '64, term 
exp. John F. Miller, recruit, Co. E, June 18, '61; killed at 
Shiloh, April 6, '62. 

Comjpany F. — The following troops enlisted June 13, 1861: 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 1T9 

Levi P. Holden, dis. Aug. G, '62, for prom, in 88th regt.; sergt. 
AVilliam 0. Mitchell, dis. Aug. 5. '62; sergt. Ellis Briggs, dis. 
June 13, '64; sergt. James C. Porter, dis. for dis., Dec. 26, 
'61; wounded at Donaldson. Robert H. Walker, dis. Jure 18, 
'62, for wounds. Albert H. Carpenter, dis. June 13, '64-. 
Cyrus A. Marcy, dis. for dis., June 12, '62. George E. Tro- 
bridge, dis. for dis. Albert E. Baker, died at Mound City. 
Endolph Bush, dis, for wounds received at Shiloh. Albert S. 
Randall, died at Pittsburg Landing, April 30, '62, of typhoid 
fever. Charles Anderson, dis. June 13, '64, time exp. William 
H. Adams, dis. April 1, '62, wounds, accidental shot, Ariel 
W. Burroughs, dis. June 13, '64, time exp.; wounded at Don- 
aldson. John W. Berd. Lindell A, Beardsley, dis, June 13, 
'64, time exp. John A. Bowman, killed at Fort Donaldson, 
Feb. 13, '62. William F. Borton, dis. for dis., Sept. 30, '62. 
August Brown, dis. June 13, '64, time exp. Henry Bock, dis. 
June 13, '64, time exp. Martin V. Coburn, dis. for dis., April 
13, '62. Samuel Cuppy, died at Birds Point, Jan. 1, '62, of 
congestion of the lungs. Charles L. Curtis. William Covert, 
dis. June 13, '64, time exp.; wounded. at Donaldson. George 
R. Clark, M. 0. June 12, '64, time exp. James Clark, dis. 
June 13, '64, time exp. Jacob Dolkey, killed at Donaldson, 
Feb. 13, '62. William H. Dewey, reported missing at Shiloh. 
John Delancey, killed at Shiloh, April 6, '62. William H. 
Duncan. Charles Ferge, dis. for wounds received at Shiloh. 
Johnson Folkers, dis. for dis., June 12, '62. Charles Folke, 
vet.; M. 0. sergt.; wounded before Atlanta, July 22, '64. 
John E. Frost, dis. for dis. June 12, 1862. Thomas Glocher, 
dis. Feb. 6, 1863. Joseph Goss, dis. for dis. May 22, 1862. 
Oscar Gamble, dis. June 13, 1864, time exp. Dan Harriden, 
dis. for dis. Oct. 3, 1862. Conrad Houstine, killed at Britton's 
Lane, Sept. 1, 1862. Henry HerscJiell, dis. June 11, 1862. 
John Lepp, died at Jackson, 'Tenn., Sept. 4, 1862. Otto Lop- 
man, dis. June 13, 1864, time expired. Wounded at Shiloh and 
Raymond. Joseph Merrick, dis. June 13, 1864. Wounded at 
Shiloh, Stephen McTaney, dis, June 13, 1864, Daniel Mon- 
roe, dis, June 13, 1864, time exp, Hugh Monroe, dis. June 13, 
1864, time exp. Thomas Mahan, killed at Donaldson Feb. 15, 
1862. Lewis Otto, dis. June 13, 1864, time exp. Wounded at 
Donaldson. Peter Olson, dis. June 13, 1864, lime exp. Albert 
N. Oviott, dis. June 13, 1864, time exp. Albert W. Pierson, 
dis. June. 13, 1864, time exp. Wounded at Raymond. Arthur 
Paddock, vet., M. 0. as corp. John Ragan, dis. June 13, 1864, 
term exp. Wounded at Donaldson. William Richerson, dis. 
for dis. Francis A. Russell, M. 0. June 24, 1864, time exp. 
Wm. Robinson, vet., M. 0. as sergeant. Morris Richerson, dis. 
for dis. August Schrier, vet., M. 0. as sergeant. Wounded. 
Henry A. Shiifer, dis. for wounds rec'd at Britton's Lane Sept. 



180 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

10, 18G2. Albert J. Sanger, dis. June 13, 1864, time exp. Acted 
as spy or scout. James E. Shiffer, dis. June 13, 1864, time exp. 
Severely wounded at Donaldson. John Story, dis for dis. 
Richard Story, vet., M. 0. Captured before Atlanta July 22, 
1864. James Scanlan, died at Joliet, April 23, 1852. John 
Terry, dis. for dis. Dec. 8, 1861. George Tryer, dis June 13, 
1864, time exp. Wounded at Donaldson. William Unroh, dis. 
for wounds rec'd at Donaldson. Oliver N. Vigrow, died at 
Mound City Nov. 28, 1861. Wm. Vernon, dis. June 13, 1864, 
term exp. Philip H. Wagner, dis. for dis. John P. Winslow, 
dis. Oct. 17, 1861. Charles E. Warren, dis. for dis. Dec. 9, 
1861. Nelson Young, died at Vicksburg July 29, 1863, of 
typhoid fever. 

The recruits of Co. F, all of whom enlisted in 1861, are 
named as follows: — Webster H. Brown, dis. Oct. 23, 1862. 
Henry W. Bartlett, died of wounds rec'd at Britton's Lane. 
James A. Bassett, killed at Fort Donaldson Feb. 15, 1862. 
Benj. F. Coats, dis. June 13, 1864, time exp. Wounded at 
Shiloh. Charles Canth. William Dew, dis. for dis. G-eorge 
Dew, dis. for dis. Dec. 9, 1861. August Green, vet., M. 0. 
July 16, '65. Patrick Gibbons, dis. for dis. Oct. 17, '62. John 
Hiller, died of wounds received May 22, '62. Also wounded at 
Donaldson. Josiah Ingersoll, vet., M. 0. as sergeant. Thomas 
M. Johnson. Wm. Lawson. Abraham Livengood, dis. for dis. 
Wm. Putnam, dis. for dis. Dec. 26, 1861. John B. Rook. 
Joseph S. Stevens, dis. for dis. March 27, '62. Reenlisted in 
154th Inf. David S]iade. dis. for wounds rec'd at Donaldson. 
Henry Urede. Michael Webber, dis. June 13, '64. William E. 
Wheaton, died April 25, '62. Luther E. Woodworth, dis. for 
dis. April 29, '62. James E. Shiffer, who enlisted Jan. 9, '65, 
and John M. Counter, who enlisted Jan. 1, "62, were M. 0. July 
16, '65. 

Companies G and H. — John L. Franklin, June 13, '61; 
died at Birds Point, Oct. 15, '61. David A. Bowers, recruit; 
vet., absent sick at M. 0. Christian Christians; vet., M. 0. 
July 16, '65. Robert Chrisley, Mar. 29; '65, M. 0. July 16, '65. 
Peter Fenner, Jan. 5, '62. Joseph Hand, April 24, '61; dis. 
Oct. 14, '62, for wounds. Morris Lamb, June 17, '61; vet., M. 
0. July 16, '65. Charles Lewis; vet., M. 0. July 16, '65. Alex- 
ander Meyer, April 24, '61; dis. June 13, '64. Christain 
Stamms, June 9, '61; dis. June 13, '64. August Shultz, Jan. 1, 
'62; killed at Fort Donaldson, Feb. 15, '62. Robert Stiller, Feb. 
24, '64; died at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 18, '64. John D. 
Treibel, Jan. 1, '62. Myron H. Underbill, June 9, '61. Nelson 
C. Brown, private, Co. H, Dec. 16, '63; vet., M. 0. July 16, '65. 
John Riordan, recruit, Co. H; dis. Jan. 19, '63, for wounds. 
Compamj I, mustered in in 1861, with the following Will 
county men: — Alfred J. Blake, June 13, '61; vet., M. 0. as 



{ 



GENEKAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 181 

sergt. George Eberhardt, June 13, ^61; dis. June 14, '64:, time 
exp. Karles Schlieforth, June 13, '61; dis. June 14, '64, time 
exp. Geo. F. Leutz, June 13, '61; dis. for dis. Nov. 26, '61. 
George E. Lake, June 13, '61; dis. for dis. Nov. 26, 1861. 
Leonard Rose, Sept. 28, '61; died at Mound City, Nov. 6, '61. 
Thomas L. Hopping, Sept. 28, '61; dis. June 14, '64, time exp. 
John Marshall, Sept. 12, '61; dis. '64. Wm. H. West, June 13, 
'61; dis. '64. Alonzo Rose, Sept. 28, '61; died of wounds rec'd 
at Donelson. 

Co7npany A^was mustered in June 13, '61, with the following 
men from this county: Burdett Spencer, dis. June 13, '64, 
time exp. Severely wounded at Donelson. Israel J. R. 
Waters, killed at Raymond, Miss., May 12, '63. Rudolph 
Foreav, dis. June 13, '64. Martin F. Bissell, dis. for dis. Oct. 
13, '62. Wounded at Britton's Lane. Anderson Connor, vet., 
M. 0. Richard Connor, died at Mound City, Dec. 23, '61. 
George Connolly, dis. for dis. Sept. 8, '62. Wounded at Shiloh. 
James Coyle, vet., M. 0. Captured July 22, '64. Jerome B. 
Dann, vet., M. 0. Captured July 22, '64. Samuel Hager- 
man, vet., M. 0. as ord. ser. Wounded near Atlanta, July 21. 
James A. Lord, dis. for dis. as 1st sergt. March 5, '63. Robert 
Lawton, dis. for dis. August 17, '62. Frank Lehman, died at 
Birds Point, Jan. 11, '62. Henry Mitchell, killed at Raymond, 
Miss., May 12, '63. Alfred F. Pierson, dis. for disability Octo- 
ber 31, '62. Aaron P. Paxon, died at Newark, Illinois, May 4, 
'62. Wm. M. Smith died at Paducah, August 23, 1862. Will- 
iam Shugar, killed at Raymond, Miss., July 12, 1863. William 
H. Vreeland, dis. June 13, 1864, as corporal. John Woodruff, 
died June 7, 1883, of wounds. Dewitt Wilson, dis. June 13, 
1864, time expired. Andrew Wilsay, dis. for dis. June 8, 1863. 
Alonzo P. White, vet., M. 0. July 16, 1865. Josiah Wright, 
dis for dis. Aug. 9. 1862, corporal. 

The recruits of Co. K in 1861, were Nelson Dayton, dis. for 
dis. Nov. 27, 1861. Ausfustus Gav, dis. term exp.; captured 
July 22, 1864, before Atlanta. Wm. H. H. Hutton, dis. for 
dis. August 17, 1862. James B. Littlewood, vet.; M. 0. July 
22, 1865. John I. Taylor, dis. for dis. Dec. 16, 1862. Andrew 
J. Wilson, killed at Donelson, Feb. 16, 1862. 

Neil) ComjKiny A. — Formed in the fall of 1864 contained 
the following named Will Co. soldiers: Henry Folman, Martin 
Chadwick, William Brandt, Ephraim Spaulding, Conrad Buck, 
John Hasseman, all of whom were mustered out July 16, 1865. 
The private soldiers were Jacob Ackerman, Ebenezer Albright, 
Philip Bruck, Lawrence Bruck, Milo Brown, Frederick Becker, 
Charles Becker, Geo. B. Becker, Adam Berkey, Charles B. 
Bocker, Eli Bodrew, Michael Bolan, Thomas Barnes, James 
Castello, Thomas Chambers, Francis M. Cook, Wm. A. Dough- 
erty, Joseph Dogal, John Dorsey, Thomas Dager, Henry Essman, 
13 



182 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Wm, Englekin, Samuel Easton, Frederick Group, John Groff, 
Christopher Garake, August Garake, Herman Grote, Henry 
Haman, Fred Herbert, Patrick Harlan, James Henry, Myron 
T. Jordan, James Kleese, Frederick Ketz, John Kratt, Wm. 
W. Kleese, Detrick Lomire, George Lahle, Peotone Lawrence, 
Charles Moriatz, Jacob Mayer, Frederick Martins, John Mc- 
Donough, Kalph W. Marshall, Ahart Oswald, Daniel O'Bryan, 
Charles A. Perry, John Price, James Quinn, Henry Stege, 
Conrad Stege, William Stall, John Smith, Frederick "Shatley, 
Walter W. Smith, Levi Shoat, John Shlouter, Wm. H. Speers, 
James Skeen, Michael Stanton, Joseph E. Thorne, Martin 
Tompkins, William Thomas, Fred Tank, Wm. Unnch, Henry 
Van Dorn, John Walsh, Christ Waddakin, all of whom were 
mustered out in the summer of 1865. Ed. W. Marshall died 
at Mokena while home on a furlough. 

Albert J. Sanger, of this regiment, discovered a former resi- 
dent of Joliet at Jackson, Miss., when the command entered 
that city. This was John Koberts, who, at that time, held the 
position of ward master in the state hospital. In the hospital 
also was found Wm. H. Marsh, a prisoner of the rebels, whose 
record is given in the history of 13th Illinois Infantry. 

Twenty-second llli7iois Infantry. — Henry D. Rossiter, of 
Plainfield, enlisted in Company B, June 25, 1861; was pro- 
moted 1st sergeant; wounded at Stone River, May 26, 1863, and 
dis. for dis. The command served three years. 

Twenty-third Illinois Infantry. — Will county was repre- 
sented in this regiment by John Z. Wheeler, of Joliet, February 
2, 1865 ; William Burke, Joliet, January 5, 1864; Stephen 
Blane, Joliet, February 22, 1864; Dennis Sullivan, Lockport, 
January 25, 1862; A. O'Connor, Sr., Joliet, 1862, and Patrick 
McCarthy, Wilmington, August 1, 1862. John Z. Wheeler 
was promoted 2d lieut. March 27, 1865, and on July 24 follow- 
ing, he with the other members were transferred to the 23d 111. 
consolidated. 

Tiuenty-tliird Infantry, consolidated. — John Armstrong, 
Andrew H. Wagner, S. E. Walker and John R. Shoup served 
in this command until mustered out July 24, 1865. 

Tiuenty-fourth Infantry {Hacker), was organized at Chicago, 
July 8, 1861. Will county was represented in this command by 
Jacob Leiser; prom. 2d lieut. September 3, 1862; Henry Koch 
and Charles H. Mulliken, of Crete. The latter was wounded 
at Perryville, February 13, 1863, and dis. for dis. Leiser and 
Koch served until August 6, 1864. 

Twenty-eighth Illinois Infantry was organized at Camp But- 
ler, August 3, 1861. Benjamin Sherman, of Joliet, served in 
this command until transferred to Vet. Res. 

Twenty-first Illinois Infantry was organized by John A. 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 183 

Logan, at Camp Butler, September 8, '61. Micheal Croits 
represented Will county until July 19, '65. 

Thirty-Third Illinois Infantry was organized August 15, '61, 
at Camp Butler by Charles E. Hovey; contained thirteen sol- 
diers from Will county, viz: Charles Bovee, wounded at Wilkin- 
son's Landing, August 4, '63, discharged October 15, '62. Albert 
0. Marshall, Mokena, M. 0. October 11, '64; John C. Waldron, 
Florence, dis. for dis. February 3, '63; Prine Riggs, Lockport, 
trans, to Vet. Res. and M. 0. November 24, '65; Stephen P. 
Weaver, Lockport, dis. August 18, '62; Samuel Cry, Wallace 
D. Johnson, and Martin Starks, of Wheatland, trans, to Vet. 
Res. and M. 0. The recruits were William Bradford, Aaron 
Coleman and George W. Drummond, of Peotone; William H. 
Brown and Hans Erickson, of Joliet, all M. 0. at the close of 
'65. The Peotone recruits were trans, from the 117th Infantry. 
Henry B. Clark, Channahon, enlisted in Company N, August, 
'61; dis. February 9, 1863, for re-enlistment in.4th Illinois Cav- 
alry. 

Tliirty -fourth Illinois Infantry. — In this command were 
Jacob Fralick, Edward Hass and George D. Meisner, of Joliet, 
who enlisted in the 104th, were trans, to the 34th, and M. 0. 
July 12, '65. 

Thirty-sixth Illinois Infantry. — Samuel C. Camp, of Wil- 
mington, captain of Company I, resigned March 19, '62; Joseph 
Herbert, wounded and prisoner at Stone River, trans., wounded 
at Chickamauga; Peter Thompson, Francis Carney, James 
Rafferty, Thomas Williams, W. A. Tobey, and LymanK. Powers 
served, until M. 0. in fall '65; Henry Haines was in hospital at 
date of M. 0. 

Thirty-seventh Ills. Inf., organized at Chicago, September 
18, 1861, contained three members from Will county, viz.: T. 
J. Williams, served until June, 1865; J. Newberry, Lockport, 
discharged at Otterville, Mo., and H. S. Mulligan, discharged 
for disability, January 6, 1864. 

Thirty-ninth Regiment, ''Yate's Phalanx," was organized in 
December, 1861, with the following Will county volunteers, 
whose enlistments date from August, September, and October, 
1861: 

Sylvester W. Munn, major, Wilmington, Aug. 5, '61, as 
captain Co. A; prom, major Dec. 1, '61; resigned Jan. 13, '63. 
Minor W. Milliman, major, Wesley, Sept. 12, as private; vet.; 
prom. 1st sergt. ; prom. capt. Co. E, Oct. 25, '64; prom, major 
June 6, '65; M. 0. as capt. Joseph D. Walker, adjt., Lock- 
port, Sept., 19, as sergt. -major; prom. adjt. July 15, '62; killed 
in battle, May 16. '64. Chas. S. McReading, chap., Channa- 
hon, Oct. 9; resigned Aug. 9, '62. Leroy A. Baker, capt. Co. 
A, Wilmington, Aug. 5, as 2d lieut.; promoted 1st lieut. Nov. 
17, '61; lost a leg at Deep Bottom Aug. 16, '64. Horace B. 



184 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Parker, capt,, Co. A, Wilmington, Aug. 5, as sergt. Co. A; vet; 
prom. 1st lieut. Sept. 8, ^63; prom. capt. Dec. 17, '64. Jos. 
W. Eichardson, 1st lieut. Co. A, Wilmington, Aug. 5; died of 
typhoid fever at Williamsport, Md., Nov. 21, '61. Allen B. 
Johnson, 1st lieut. Co. A, Wilmington, Aug. 5, as com. sergt.; 
prom. 2d lieut. Nov. 17, '61; prom. 1st. lieut. Dec. 1, '61; died 
Sept. 8, '64, John E. Herriott, 1st lieut. Co. A, Wilmington, 
Aug. 5, as Corp.; prom. 1st. lieut. Dec. 17, '64; M. 0. as sergt.; 
wounded on Morris Island. James Burrell, 2d lieut. Co. A, 
Wilmington, Aug. 5, as 1st sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. Dec. 1, '61; 
term exp. Oct. 25, '64; wounded May 25. Galveston A. Tay- 
lor, 2d lieut. Co. A, Wilmington, Aug. 5, as private; vet.; 
made sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. Oct. 4, '65; M. 0. as sergt. James 
H. Hooker, capt. Co. E, Florence, Sept. 20; resigned May 26, 
'62. Lewis Whipple, capt. Co. E, Kockville, Sept. 20., as 1st 
lieut.; prom. capt. May 26, '62; term exp. Oct. 25, '64. John 
L. Eipple, capt. Co. E. Oct. 28; vet. recruit; prom, sergt.; 
prom. 1st lieut. Dec. 15, '64; prom. capt. June 6, '65; M. 0. as 
1st lieut. Norman C. Warner, 1st lieut. Co. E, Wilmington, 
Sept. 20, as 2d lieut.; prom. 1st lieut. May 26, '62; hon. dis. 
Dec. 18, '64; 'lost a leg at Deep Bottom Aug. 16, '64; breveted 
major for gallantry. William Baxter, 1st lieut. Co. E, Wil- 
mington, Sept. 21, as private; vet.; prom. 1st lieut. June 6, '65; 
M. 0. as sergt. John Conley, 2d lieut. Co. E, Wilmington, 
Sept. 24, as private; prom. 1st sergt., prom. 2d lieut. May 26, 
'62; resigned Aug. 8, '62. Elisha Kingsbury, 2d lieut. Co. E, 
Wilmington, Sept. 12, as private; prom, sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. 
Aug. 8, '62; term exp. Oct. 16, '64; lost left arm at Drury's 
Bluffs May 16, '64. Amos Savage, capt. Co. O, Homer, Aug. 
5, as 2d lieut.; prom. 1st lieut. July 20, '62; prom. capt. July 
11. '64; hon. dis, Oct. 28, '64. Oscar F. Eudd, capt. Co. G, 
Joliet, Aug. 5, as 1st lieut.; prom. capt. July 20, '62; wounded 
June 16, 64, near Eichmond; died July 11, '64. Neriah B. 
Kendall, capt. Co. G, Joliet, Aug. 9, as private; vet.; made 
sergt.; prom. capt. April 29, '65; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65; wounded 
and left on field May 16, '64; reported mortally wounded; M. 
0. Dec. 6, '65; was prisoner. James B. West, 1st lieut. Co. G, 
Homer, Aug. 13, as private; vet.; prom. 2d lieut. Oct. 17, '64; 
prom. 1st lieut. April 29, '65; wounded May 20, and Aug. 14, 
'64. Franklin L. Fox, musician, Lockport, Aug. 19; private; 
vet. ; prom. prin. mus. Jan. 1, '64. 

Company A. — Comprised the following AVill Co. men: George 
Krauskup, dis. for dis. June 27, '62; sergt. Wm. H. Johnson, 
trans, to Bat. L, 4th U. S. Art. Dec. 29,'62. Henry G. Smith, 
dis. for wounds. W. J. Harris, vet. : made sergt.; died June 17, 
'64, of wounds. Wilbur J. Eussell, dis. for dis. July 21, '62. 
David Ohenon, dis. for dis. July 21, '62. Wm. A, Keepers, vet; 
M. 0. as sergt.; wounded in taking Fort Gregg, April 2, '65. 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 185 

Wm. Jones, trans, to Bat. L, 4th U. S. Art., Dec. 29, '62. 
Thos. DeLine, vet.; M. 0. corp.; was prisoner of war, and died 
after muster out from effects o.f his imprisonment. Michael 
Dorr, M. 0. Sept. 10, '64. Milton Sovereign, M. 0. 
Sept. 10, '64. Benjamin Knowles, dis. for dis. July 18, '63. 
Samuel Adams, dis. for dis. June, 1862. Warren C. At- 
kins, dis. for dis. July 21, '62. Glaus Athues, vet.; M. 0. 
Dec. 6, '65; wounded slightly at Drury's Bluffs. Daniel 
Ashton, vet.; M. 0. Oct. 9, '65; was a prisoner, taken May 16, 
'64. Lysander R. Brooks, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. William 
Butterfield, vet.; corp.; killed at Deep Eun, Aug. 16, '64. B. C. 
Barrockman. William Baxter, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65; severely 
wounded at Drury's Bluffs. John Berden, vet.; killed at Deep 
Run, Aug. 16, '64. William H. R. Brown, M. 0. Sept. 10, '64 
Silas Benton, vet.; trans, to E; killed at Drury's Bluffs, May 
14, '64. George W. Oroop, dis. for dis. July 1, '62. Albert P. 
Carpenter, vet.; M. 0. as corp. Dec. 6, '65. Joseph Carter, died 
of wounds Aug, 26, '63. Joseph M. Carpenter, dis. for dis. 
Feb. 3, '66. William C. Carter, dis. for dis. Oct. 18,'62. Dan- 
iel M. Cochran, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. W. W. Calhoun, died 
at Patterson's Creek, Va., Feb. 23, '66. Alex S. Collins, vet.; 
sergeant; on furlough at M. 0. Cyrus Curtis, vet.; M. 0. Sept. 
2, '65. Francis Conroy, dis. for dis. June,'62. Henry M. Day, 
vet.; dis. for wounds July 3, '65; color sergt.; wounded severely 
at Fort Gregg. David S. Faribee, died at Newmarket, Va., 
April 11, '61. William H. Hartman, died at Cumberland, Md., 
Feb. 6, '62. William Hicks, dis for dis. Feb. 5, '61. William 
Holz, vet.; M. 0. sergt.; wounded at Fort Gregg. Enoch C. 
Hedge, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. John Ilolter, vet.; sergt.; on 
furlough at M, 0. George Howell, dis. for dis. Feb. 5, '62. 
Herrick Houghton, vet. ; M. 0. corp. Edmund F. Johnson 
dis. for dis. March 19, '63. James Kilford, vet. Charles Kug- 
how. George Lyon, died at Hih'on Head, Feb, 21, '63. Micliael 
J. Lawler, dis, for dis, June 1, '62, James Lowil, Owen Mur- 
phy, dis, for dis, Dec, 4,'63, George Mott, died at Cumberland, 
Md,, Feb, 2, '62, Jacob S, Miller. Peter McCartrie, died at 
Alexandria, Va.. June 1, '62. John McCullouch, M. 0. Sept. 
10,'64. James Martin, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. James McDon- 
ald, M. 0. Sept. 10, '65. John Maher, died at Cumberland, 
Md., Jan. Iti, '62. Henry Niman. Ira Nichols, vet.; taken 
prisoner June 16, '64; severely wounded at Drury's Bluffs. 
Hiram Norton. Charge O'Connell, A, D, Pelton, dis for dis, 
Dec. 1, '62, James Perkins, died at Chicago, Sept. 7, '61. 
Samuel F. Proud, vet.; killed at Fort Gregg, A]n'il 2, '65; 
wounded at Drury's Bluffs, James Phillips, dis, for dis. June 8, 
'63. John H. Patterson. Henry Ruppcnthall, died June 18, 
'64, of wounds. Hugh Rourke, vet. ; killed at Fort Gregg, 
F. K. Randall, dis. for dis. Oct. 28, '63. William H. Reed, M. 



186 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

0. Aug. 16, ^65; corp. ; taken prisoner of war June 2, '64. Henry 
Starkweather, died at Folly Island, July 12, '63. Michael 
Stumpf, dis. for dis. July, '62. James Stewart, dis. for dis. 
July 21, '62. Andrew Sibert, vet. ; prisoner; died in Anderson- 
ville prison, Sept. 16, '64. John Sconlin, M. 0. Nov. 1, '64. 
Albert P. Schemerhorn, trans, to band; M. 0. June 4, '62. Nicho- 
las Smith, vet.; died of wounds April 6, '65. Michael Sullivan, 
dis. for dis. June 1, '62. Martin Sherman, vet. ; M. 0. Dec. 6, 
'65. Edward Tewbey, M. 0. Sept. 10, '64. Harry Tracy, M. 
0. May 11, '65; was prisoner of war; wounded May 16, '64, and 
missing. Theodore S. Wiser, M. 0. October 20, '64; wounded. 
John Watson, dis. for dis. May 15, '62, Henry P. Whitney, 
vet.; dis. for wounds June 30, '65. James Wilcox, vet.; absent; 
wounded at M. 0. Jacob M. Weldon, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65; 
corporal. Charles Watts, vet. Barton S. Walters, vet. ; taken 
prisoner, sent to Andersonville, May 16,' 64; died at Annapolis, 
April 1, '65, Just after being released; died from effects of im- 
prisonment. Pomeroy Wills, dis. for dis. June 1, '62. George 
Wurts, M. 0. Sept. 10, '64. Cornelius S. Willard, vet.; dis. 
Aug. 17, '65; lost an arm at Fort Gregg. Charles S. Walters, 
M. 0. Sept. 10, '64. William Wilcox, dis. for dis. Feb. 5, '62. 
George W. Yates, vet.; prom, color sergt. for gallantry; mor- 
tally wounded Oct. 13, '64; died Oct. 16. Jonathan Yoker. 

The recruits named in the following roster enlisted in 1863- 
4, with few exceptions: Patrick Armstrong, dis. for dis. Aug. 
6, '63. Frank Abrams, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65; reported missing at 
Drury's Bluffs. Patrick Bailey, trans, to Bat. L, 4th U. S. Art. 
Florant Brouchet, captured May 16, '64, taken to Andersonville. 
Henry H. Bowen, captured May 16, '64, taken to Andersonville. 
Frederick G. Clapp, M. 0. Sept. 10, '64. Edward D. Conley, 
M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. AYilliam Combelick, absent; wounded at 
muster out. Hugh Carrigan, died of wounds, June 3, '64; 
wounded at Drury's Bluffs. Monteville Coons, M. 0. July 12, 
'65; was prisoner of war. Timothy Dolan, absent; wounded at 
muster out. Casper Doose, M. 0. May 22, '65. James Dobson, 
dis. for dis. ; severely wounded at Drury's Bluff's. Daniel Darley, 
died March 28, '65; was prisoner of war; wounded at Drury's 
Bluffs. Michael Fitzpatrick, trans, to Bat. L, 4th U. S. Art. 
Myron C. Fuller, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. John Gallagher, M. 0. 
May 29, '65. Andrew Goss, died at Chicago. William 
Hughes, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. James Hopkins, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. 
Amasa Hurlburt, dis. Feb. 16, '65. John Henning, M. 0. July 
15, '64. Was prisoner. Franklin Irish, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. 
Joseph Kyle, M. 0. Oct. 11, '65. John Lynch, M. 0. Oct. 29, 
'64. William McNight, M. 0. Oct. 21, '64. Alexander Mc- 
Collum, trans, to Co. E; vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65; corp. James 
Malony, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. James Murry, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. 
Michael Mahon, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. Conrad McGraw, M. 0. 



GENEKAL HISTORY OP WILL COUNTY. 187 

Dec. 6, '65. Charles Monnier, M. 0. Oct. 11, '65. Patrick 
McQuillen, M. 0. Oct. 11, '65. Michael McKendrick, capt- 
ured June 16, '64. Benjamin Nichols, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65; as 
corporal. Charles O'Connell, dis. for dis. June 27, '62. Zarali 
Osgood, M. 0. Dec. G, '65. Thomas J. Osgood, died at Phila., 
Sept. 20, '61, of wounds, Solomon Ottenheimer, M. 0. June 
20, '65. John 0. Phillips, M. 0. Nov. 2, '65. William J. 
Preston, dis. Dec. 14, '64. Thomas Eogers, dis. for dis. Dec. 
1, '62. Henry Eubenston, vet. Thomas Eyan, M. 0. Dec. 6, 
'65. Lamon P. Eawlins, M. 0. Jan. 27, '66. Charles W. Smith. 
Franklin H. Tower, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. William ThuUs, M. 
0. Dec. 6, '65. Bluford E. Taylor, died at Eichmond, Va., 
May 12, '65. Christian Vowalt, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. William 
James Welch, trans, to Bat. L., 4th U. S. Art. William Wil- 
lard, M. 0. Aug. 11, '65; wounded at Drury's Bluff. Wayne 
Winters, M. 0. July 21, '65. Daniel Woodruff, M. 0. Oct. 13, 
'65. 

Company C. — Comprised: William Angel, dis. in '65; died 
subsequently. Henry Koldorf, private vet. M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. 
Michael McNally, vet. dis. for wounds Aug. 25, '64; wounded 
at Drury's Bluffs. Isaac C. Eees, dis. Sept. 13, '64; term exp; 
and GomjKiny D., Atticus A. Ladd, M. 0. Oct. 27, '65. 

Company E. — Florence Rifles — Was organized during the 
fall of '61, with the following soldiers: William Andreas, 
wounded at Fort Wagner, Oct. 6, '63. S. C. Blakesley, dis- 
charged. Lawrence Backett (or Baker), vet.; died at Eich- 
mond, June 9, '64; of wounds. Silas Benton, see Co. A. Geo. 
W. Burton, vet., Sergt.; killed at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 
'65. Walter V. Bogart, killed at Fort Wagner, Oct. 12, '63. 
William Baxter, vet.; M. 0. 1st sergt.; wounded severely at 
Drury's Bluffs. William Brown, M. 0., Dec. 6, '65; as musi- 
cian. Loren Button, discharged. John Cannon, discharged. 
G. A. Clark, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6; as sergt. Charles Cremer, 
dis. Sept. 18, '62. George H. Dunn, vet.; M. 0. June 3, '65. 
Patrick Dogan (or Dugaii), vet.; supposed killed Oct. 13, '63. 
Michael Dai^nan. John Dalley. Wesley W. Ely, trans, to Co. 
F., Jan. 1,^'64; M. 0. William Flin. died at Beaufort, S. C. 
A. J. Flowers. T. D. Gronigal, vet. sergt.; wounded and missing 
May 16, '64; supposed dead. Alexander Grey, vet.; died of 
wounds in hospital, Sept. 10, '64; John Hawath. David M. Han- 
son, vet. sergt.; taken prisoner May 16, '64; died in Anderson- 
ville, Oct. 22, '64; grave No. 11,188. Charles C. Hudson, vet.; 
M. 0. corporal. C. W. Hertzog, trans, to veteran reserve corps. 
William F. Hertzog, vet.; killed at Wire Bottom, Va., June 18, 
'64. J. 0. Harsh, dis. Sept. 28, '64; time exp. Daniel Howell, 
discharged. William 0. L. Jewett, dis. June 6, '63; entered 
Bat. A, 1st Art. Thomas Kinney, vet.; dis. for wounds June 
20, '65. Sidney Lyons, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. Herman 



188 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COTJNTY. 

Milks, yet,; M. 0. corporal. Almon Merrill, vet.; died July 
23, ^64 of wounds; severely wounded at Drury's Bluffs. James 
Monroe, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, ^65; wounded at Drury's Bluffs. 
Alexander McCollum, trans, to Co. A. Moses Mager, vet. ; M. 
0. Dec. 6, '65; severely wounded at Drury's Bluffs. George M. 
Morgan, M. 0. Feb. 2, '65; pris. war. James McMaster, died 
at Williamsport, Md., Dec. 0, '61. James W. Nelson, vet.; M. 
0. corporal; severely wounded at Drury's Bluffs. 0. C. Porter, 
vet.; M. 0. as sergt.; wounded at Drury's Bluffs. Thomas 
Kaleigh, vet. ; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. William H. Robinson. Ed- 
ward A. Suckett, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65; musician. H. E. 
Sartell, vet.; dis. March 20, '65, as corporal for wounds; 
wounded at Deep Bottom. C. W. Smith, dis. Feb. 14, '63. 
Thomas Stewart, vet. ; died of wounds at Annapolis, Oct. 30, 
'64; wounded in front of Petersburg, Va. Hugh R. Snee, vet. ; 
M. 0. Dec. 6, '65; was prisoner, captured May 16, '64. M. F. 
Shefflar, dis. Sept. 27, '64; term exp. William E. Steele, vet.; 
sergt. ; supposed killed Oct. 13, '64. F. L. Stephens, discharged. 
George Thayer, vet. ; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. G. G. White, dis. 
Sept. 27, '64; term exp. J. W. Whitman, dis. Sept. 27, '64; 
term exp. C. W. Ware, vet.; M. 0. corporal. John Winn, 
dis. Nov. 20, '61. 

The recruits of Company E, in '63-64 were: Theodore F. 
Axtell, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65, as corporal; wounded at Appomat- 
tox, April 9, '65. Samuel A. Barton, dis. July 4, '63. Levi 
Baker, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. Charles Beam, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. 
Samuel C. Bachelor, M. 0. June 3, '65. William Boemler, M. 
0. June 20, '65. Ralph Babcock, killed at Petersburg, Va., 
April 25, '65. James Conly. John Casey, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. 
Frank M. Corbett, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65; slightly wounded at 
Drury's Bluffs. Frederick Cottle, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. James H. 
Clark, killed at Deep Run, Va., Aug. 16, '64. William J. Den- 
nible, M. 0. June 3, '65. Joseph S. Evans, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65, 
as sergt.; wounded at Deep Bottom, Aug. 16. Daniel Grise, 
discharged. James Gillett, died Aug. 17, '64; wounds. Henry Gil- 
lett, died at Cumberland, Md., Feb., '62. Calvin H. Howe. Hiram 
H. Howe. Martin S. Hardeman, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65: wounded 
at Appomattox April 9, '65. Munroe Hazard, M. 0. December 
6, '65. Samuel F. Hill M. 0. December 6, '65. George How- 
ell, discharged for wounds March 30, '65. Azor Houghton, M. 
0. June 2, '65. Augustus Ingleman, M. 0. December 6, '65. 
James M. Johnson, vet. recruit; M. 0. December 6, '65. 
Charles A. Jackson, discharged for wounds November 7, '64; 
lost an arm at Deep Bottom August 16, '64; died June 18, '70. 
Howard Johnson, discharged for wounds November 21, '64; 
wounded at Drury's Bluffs. Elisha Karr, vet. ; killed at Drury's 
Bluffs, May ^5, '(34. William F. Kelly, vet.; M. 0. as sergt.; 
John M. Kelly, vet. ; died of wounds 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 189 

at Hampton, Va., October 31, '65. Lloyd W. Kahler, M. 0. 
December 6, '65. John Laughlin died at Hilton Head, Febru- 
ary 11, '63. Diton Lee, M. 0. December 6, '65; was prisoner. 
Charles T. Levalley, M. 0. December 29, '65. Ephraim Mus- 
selman, died near Chapin's Farm, Va., October 16, '64. John 
Mahan. Oscar F. Morey, M. 0. December 6, '65, as corporal. 
Caleb Maghen, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65, as corporal. Ceran Mallet. 
William Martin, M. 0. Doc. 6, '65. John Monroe, M. 0. July 

26, '65; was prisoner. James R. Noble, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. 
Henry O'Hara, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. Henry Ohlhues, killed near 
Petersburg, Va., Apil 2, '65; severely wounded at Drury's 
Bluffs. William H. Pennington, M. 0. Dec. 6, '64. William 
Ripple, died at Alexandria, Va., Aug. 18, '62. Newton Riley, 
M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. Alpheus W. Rogers, dis. for wounds, Oct. 
20, '64; lost an arm at Drury's Bluffs. Abraham Shade, M. 0. 
Dec. 6, '65. Wm. Stanton. Reuben Slayton, missing May 20, 
'64. James Vanderbogart, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65, as corporal. 
Thomas Waine, M, 0. Dec. 6, '65, as corporal. George A. 
Webler, dis. Aug. 22, '65. AVm. Walrath, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. 

Company F. — Comprised Corporal D wight Preston, vet.; dis. 
for dis. (1st sergeant) for wounds rec'd May 20, '64, at Ware- 
bottom Ch., Va., and privates Steplien Hayes, John B. Hayes, 
vet., William Kemph, vet.; M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. Frederick 
Kemp, vet.; dis. for wounds rec'd May 16, '64. George M. Un- 
derwood, vet., M. 0. Dec. 6, '65, sergt. Rufus VanCourt, dis. 
for dis.; wounded. The recruits of Company F., '63-64, were: 
Dallas Barron, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. Charles A. Davis, vet. ; 
recruit, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. Benj. D. Hopkins, killed at Deep 
Run, Aug. 16, '64; Charles H. Kemph, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. 
Peter Marshall, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65. William Peck, M. 0. Dec. 
6, '65. 

Company G. — Claimed the following named Will county men: 
Sergt. Horace T. Corwin, dis. Oct. 8, '64, term exp. ; wounded 
May 26, '64. Corporal Abner Gillett, dis. Sept. 20, '64; term 
exp., and corporal James Prior, vet., dis. for promotion in 
U. S. T. C. March 10, '65; wounded June 2, '64. Privates, 
William Angel, vet., M. 0. Dec. 6, '65, wagoner; died since 
dis., of loss of health in service. Carl Ahlshlager, dis. Sept. 10, 
'64; term exp. Herbert Anthony, vet.; killed at Drury's Bluffs, 
May 16, '64. John Carl, dis. Sept. 10, '64; term exp. Martin 
Campbell, dis. Sept. 10, '64; term exp. Hanson H. Crews, dis. 
Feb. 19, '64, for prom, in 64th. Thos. Deeming, vet.; M. 0. 
Dec. 6, '65, as corporal. Henry J. Frank, dis. Sept. 22, '64, 
term exp.; wounded May 16, '64. Christian Hahn, trans, to 
veteran reserve corps April 10, '64. Thomas Humphrey, killed 
May 20, '64. Wm. Hammond, vet.; corp. on furlough iit M. 0. 
Belah Moulton, dis. wounded. George Ross, dis. for dis. June 

27, '62. Charles Rowley, died at Cumberland, Md., Feb. 20, '62. 



190 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

James Tyler, dis, for dis. June 2, '62. The recruits of Co. G-, 
were: Christ C. Crandall, M. 0. Oct. 13/65; wounded .May 20 
and Oct. 7, '64. Thomas Goodman, M. 0. Dec. 6, '65; taken 
prisoner, June 2, '64; Andersonville. Mort. C. Wadhams, died 
at Bermuda Hundreds, Feb. 29, '65. John W. Walker, M. 0. 
Dec. 6, '65; wounded Oct. 7, '64. Henry Wingart, on special 
duty at M. 0. Jacob Pettijohn, M. 0. May 23, '65; wounded 
at Drury's Bluffs, June 14, '64. 

Company H. — Comprised Sergeant Wm. C. Mitchell, M. 0. 
May 9, '65, term exp.; Corporals Wm. B. Cain, M. 0. March 
23, '65, term exp., and Absalom Mendenhall, M. 0. April 4, 
'65. Privates, Richard Malony, M. 0. March 23, '65, Charles 
O'Connell. In Company K was, Thomas Beamish, vet. ; M. 0. 
Dec. 6, '65. 

Forty -second Illinois Infantry. — In this command were 
Zenas P. Hanson, of Joliet, prom. asst. sur. April 1, '62; 
Chandler J. Greenman, Wilton, dis. for dis. August 25, '62; 

Uriah Hardy, of Wilton, Stephen Muger, James Reily, and 

O'Connell, of Joliet, M. 0. September 16, '64; Don A. Robin- 
son. Wilton, died at Smithson, Missouri. January 22, '62; Ches- 
ter B. Smith, of Wilton, dis. for dis. January 22, '63, and John 
White, Wilton, trans, to Vet. Res. dis. for wounds, February 7, 
'65; David AVhitmore, of Joliet, was wounded, trans, to Vet. 
Res. and M. 0.; Andrew J. Mills, prom, hospt. stew. April 1, 
'62, M. 0., and John M. Clark, dis. for dis. November 18, '62. 
This command was organized at Chicago, September 17, '61, 
with an aggregate strength of 1,824 men. 

Forty-third Illinois Infantry, — Organized at Camp Butler, 
December 16, '61, contained five representatives of Will county, 
viz. : Hans Greve, and Henry Masick, Crete, served until No- 
vember 30, '65; Joachin Voss, dis. for dis. November 8, '62; 
Otto Wiefels and John Schuttetus, of Joliet, M. 0. November 
30, '65. 

Forty-fourth Illinois Infantry. — Organized September 13, 
'61, at Chicago, claimed four Will county soldiers, viz.: Ferd. 
Kressin, died at Rolla, Missouri, December 5, '61; J. Schrieber, 
dis. for dis. December 16, '61; Nuol Ichseifer and William 
Keeue, M. 0. in 1865. 

Forty -fifth Illinois Infantry. — Organized at Galena, Decem- 
ber 26, '61, had a Will county representation of two, viz. : James 
Barnhart, Peotone, dis. for wounds May 27, '64, and Nicholas 
A. Shaw, of Joliet, wounded at Sliiloh, died at St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, April 19, '62. 

Forty-sixth Illinois Infantry. — Organized Dec. 28, 1861, at 
Camp Butler, under Col. John A. Davis, contained the follow- 
ing officers and privates from Will county in Co. I: Charles 
P. Stimpson, capt., resigned Feb. 26, '62. James Ballard, 1st 
lieut., resigned Nov. 19, '72. Henry G. Kennedy, 2d lieut., as 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 191 

private, vet., prom. 2d lient. from 1st sergt. Aug. 4, '65; 
■wounded. Charles F. Bennet, hosp. steward; appointed liosp. 
steward U. S. A. Mar. 10, '64. Charles L. Pratt, sergt., trans, 
to Bat. D., 1st Art. John Collins, sergt., killed at Shiloh Apr. 
6, '62. Eussell Carter, corp., died at Pittsburg Landing April 
5, '62. David B. Eossiter, corp., died at New Orleans May 27, 
'65. Wm. H. Bobbins, corp., died at Pittsburg Landing Mar. 
25, '62. Judson Ware, corp. Van R. Strong, corp., vet.; M. 
0. Jan. 21 '66. Louis Shiflfer, corp. ; M. 0. Nov. 30, '64. 
James W. Pennington, wagoner, dis. for dis. Sept. 3, '62. 
Frank Arter, killed in battle of Shiloh April, '62. George 
Anderson. George Averill, dis. for dis. July 9, '62. Almon 
W. Bennett, vet. ; M. 0. Jan. 20, '66. Nelson Boyd, dis. Jan. 
10, '63. John Bates, died at Natchez Dec. 10, '63. Henry N. 
Booth, trans, to invalil corps. Emanuel F. Brown, vet., M. 0. 
as corp. Jan. 20, '66. Frank S. Brown, vet.; M. 0. Jan. 20, 
'66. Henry Barron, dis. July 8, '62. James F. Beebe, vet. ; 
M. 0. Jan. 20, '66. Wm. Curtis, dis. for dis. Oct. 18, '62. 
George H. Cooper, died at Louisville, June 19, '62. Charles 
Curtis, died at Henderson, Ky., June 2, '62. Geo. W. Farns- 
worth, trans, to invalid corps; wounded at Donelson. Wm. 
Gaylord, vet.; M. 0. Jan. 20, '66. Alonzo Goss, M. 0. Nov. 
30, '64. Joseph Hills, died at Evansville, Ind., June 10, '62. 
Adam Hining, dis. Aug. 15, '62. George Harris died in the 
field, June 9, '62. Morris Kennelly, died at Cincinnati May 10, 
'62. Alexander Kightlinger, vet.; M. 0. Jan. 20, '66. John 
R. Kent. Milo Lawrence, dis. Nov. 25, '62. Eric Larson, M. 
0. Nov. 30, '64. Charles McLaren, vet.; died at Memphis Dec. 
18, '62. Henry C. Murray, died at Memphis Dec. 18, '62. 
Frank P. Marcy, killed in battle at Shiloh. Andrew M. Marcy. 
Wm. H. H. Norris, killed in battle at Shiloh. Hermon Pratt, 
dis. May 20, '62. Newal Pratt, M. 0. Nov. 30. '64. Marvin 
Parker, M. 0. Nov. 30, '64. Elijah Parker. David Parr, dis. 
April 3, '62; died soon after. George Paul, vet.; M. 0. Jan. 
20, '66. Dwight Pinney. Thos. Roland, died at Memphis 
Jan. 10, '63. " Solomon A. Shiffer, vet. ; M. 0. as 1st sergt. 
Jan. 10, 'Q6. Robert Shiffer, M. 0. Jan. 9, '65; wounded. 
Jacob Scott, vet.; M. 0. Jan. 20, '66; died after dis.; pris. 
Alexander West, dis. for dis. Aug. 15, '62. Burgess Wright, 
died at Pittsburg Landing, April 19, "62, James Hobday, re- 
cruit, Green Garden; enlisted Mar. 21, '65; M. 0. Jan. 20, '66. 
Marcellus P. Kent, recruit, Plainfield; enlisted Jan. 1, '61; M. 
0. Dec. 31, '64. 

Fifty-first Illmois Infantry. — Organized in the winter of 
'61-2, had six Will county soldiers, viz. : Richard F. Barber, of 
Monee, enlisted January 28, '62, as private and promoted First 
Sergeant; then trans, to 13th U. S. Col. Inf. and Com. 2d. 
Lieut., promoted Captain, was wounded at Chickamauga, Nick- 



192 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

ajack and Kenesaw. Patrick Clark, of Monee, was made pris- 
oner, exchanged, and M. 0. June, ^65. Jacob Veezle enlisted 
October 21, '61, in Company B; was M. 0. January 12, '65. 
Samuel A. Holmes and Henry P. Service, of Joliet, privates, 
Company K, dis. in April, '63. Calvin Service, Joliet, enlisted 
September 21, "62, as Sergeant of Company G; dis. for disability 
in '63. 

Fifty -second Illinois Infantry. — Organized November 19, 
'61, claimed four Will county representatives, viz.: Asst. Sur- 
geon, Phiueas K. Guild, of Plainfield, entered October 11, '61, 
resigned March 18, '63. Jonathan Curtiss and John Patterson, 
privates, served until November 18, '64. Christopher Steafbold, 
of Wheatland, recruited February 17, '64, served until July 
6, '65. 

Fifty-tliird Illinois Infantry. — Organized in Marcb, '62, 
contained thirty -two Will county soldiers, viz: In Company F, 
Abner F. Cook, of Wilmington, promoted 2d lieut. June 2, '63; 
David L. Holden, of Frankfort, com. sergeant, was mustered 
out July 22, '65; C. W. Cook, musician, of Wilmington, M. 0. 
July, 22, '65; John P. Fink, of Frankfort, died in Andersonville 
Pris. September 30, '64, interred in grave No. 10,097; William 
Metter, Chris. Near, Charles Smith, of Frankfort, and W. L. 
Jarvis, of Du Page, were dis. for dis. in '62; Thomas Dressier, 
of Frankfort, died at St. Louis, May 4, '62. Nathan Bryant, 
Luther Paxon, Nathan Stewart, W. D. Clark, and William 
Finley, of Du Page, served until '65; Warner Stewart, of 
Du Page, was dis. for dis. in '62; Samuel T. Potter, of Wil- 
mington, died at St. Louis, May 21, '61; E. Parsons and A. 
Robertson, of Frankfort, were M. 0. in December, '64; Fred- 
erick Sleckman and A. C. Unruh, of Frankfort, and Edson 
Newbury, of Lockport, in July, '65; Allen B. Mettler, of 
Frankfort, in July, '65; William Hubbard, C. Talty, and Denis 
McLaughlinn, of Lockport, M. 0. in '65. In Company B 
were Andrew Robinson and Oscar Love, of Joliet; the former 
dis. for dis. July 4, '63; the latter served from February, '62, 
to March, '65. William Barnes, of Plainfield, and C. W. H. 
Shelby, of Wesley, served in Company E; the first from No- 
vember, '61, the second from January, '64, to July, '65. Edward 
Heffron and M. Matis, of Wilmington, and C. D. Miller, of 
Joliet, served in Company I (new) from the spring of '64 to 
July, '65. In Company K were William Auber, W. Gaines, 
James McNulty, and Morgan Watkins, of Joliet. The last 
named was a recruit of '64, the others were veterans. 

Fifty-fiftli Illinois Infantry. — Organized October 31, '61, 
had the following named 'AVill county soldiers: W. L. Brewster 
and Francis Cooper, of Joliet, trans, from 127th Regt. to Com- 
pany B, 55th, March 8, '64, M. 0. August 14, '65; Daniel 
O'Brien, of Lockport, died at Memphis, December 16, '62; 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 193 

Franklin Smith, of Wilmington, a recruit of February, '64, dis, 
for wounds in June, '65, from Company CI, William W. Baird 
and David Garvis, of Peotone, enlisted in '61, the latter dis. 
for dis. January 28, '63; Benjamin F. Ingersoll, of Homer, M. 

0. as sergeant August 14, '65, and Benjamin Stryker, of Homer, 
discharged. 

Fifty -seventh Illinois Infantry. — Organized December 34, 
1861, contained the following representatives of Will county, 
viz: Orren Johnson, of Joliet, wounded at Shiloh; dis. March, 
'63, after service since October 28, '61; John Collins, of Joliet, 
served from December, '61, to June 8, 'GQ, when he was dis. 
for dis.; Fred Throat, of Joliet, was discharged August 2, '64; 
Henry Goa, of Joliet, served from December, '61, to February, 
'65, dis. for disability; John Brown, Joliet, M. 0. December, 
26, '64, after three years' service, and Joseph Breslin, of Lock- 
port, a recruit of April, '65, served until July following. 

Fifty-eigMliIllinoisInfantry. — Organized December 24, 1861, 
claimed seven men from this county: Thomas Lambert, Co. A; 
Thomas Coughlin, recr. ; dis. Feb. 6, '62; minor. Samuel W. 
Franklin, Co. B; M. 0. Feb. 8, '65. Peter Dugdale, Co. C; 
trans, to Co. C consol; M. 0. Aug. 2, '65. Wm. Pehen, Co. D; 
dis. for dis. Aug. 15, '62. Frederick Pehen; dis. for dis. April 
26, '62. James Fain, Co. H; vet.; trans, to Co. A, consol.; dis. 
for dis. May 8, '65. 

Fifty-eiglith {GoiisoUdated) Illinois Infantry, contained the 
following Will county soldiers: John Malony, private, Co. A; dis. 
for dis. Feb. 2, '65. Arthur Price; pris. of war, died April 9, 
'64, of wounds. Edward Hill and Albert A. Hyatt, Co. D, were 
M. 0. Oct. 18, '65, after one year's service in this command. 
Franklin Pinsley, cor. Co. I; Harrison G. Yanzandt; Joseph A. 
Smith, wagoner. William K., or E., Bond, William Check, 
William Campbell, Frances M. Darnell, Richard Gross, Benja- 
min Garland, Francis M. Heffner, Jerome Harris. Daniel M. 
Hurd, Jacob Martin, John L. Nations, Charles Redfour, Henry 
Stevens, Samuel Wiley, and James H. AYright served from 
March, 1865, to muster out in 1866. Hubert Fellows, Co. B, 
died at Memphis. John H. McDaniel, died Sept. 31, '65. 
Jos. L. Boyd was dis. for dis. Aug. 18, '65. 

Fifty-ninth Illinois Infayitry. Organized in August, 1861, 
had two Will county representatives in Co. K, viz. : Thomas 
Dockey, of Wilmington, enlisted Sept. 1, '61; dis. for dis. Feb. 

1, '63; and George Smith, of Joliet, enlisted Dec. 28; trans, 
from Eighty-ninth Inf. 

Sixtieth Illinois Infantry. — Organized February 17, '62, 
contained two Will county soldiers, Jolm F. Kelly, of Joliet, 
enlisted December 24, '61, ]n-om. 1st sergt., com. adjt. March 
23; '63, created capt. and adjt.-gcn.-14th A. C. on staff of Jeff. 
C. Davis, wounded at Mission Ridge, at Resaca and again at 



194 GENERAL HISTOKY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Jonesboro', receiving his discharge October 15, ^65; John Gor- 
man, of Joliet, enlisted February 13, '62, trans, to 5th U. S. 
Cavalry, was killed at Triune, Tennessee. 

Sixty -first Illinois Infantry. — Organized March 7, '63, and 
mustered in at CarroUton, comprised among others the follow- 
ing named Will county soldiers : Matthew Bannon, Joliet, Com- 
pany I, enlisted in March, 1862; served until September 8, '65; 
Columbus Brown, George W. Williams, Elias G. Neeld, all of 
Monee; Thomas C. Eayner, Manhattan, and Madison 0. Rose, 
Green Garden; recruits from 98tli 111. Inft,, in March, 1865, 
served until September 8, '65; John S. Troxel, recruit from 
123d Inft. Oct. 3, '64, served until M. 0. in 1865. 

Sixty-second Illinois Infantry. — Organized April 10, '62, 
claimed the following named recruits: William A. Carman, 
Wilton, served from October, 1864, to March, 1866; Henry 

Carroll, Du Page, from March, 1865, to March, 1866; 

McGinnis, Plainfield, from February, 1865, to February 8, 1866; 
William H. Greene, William Lowe, David Lewis, Hazel More- 
land, Lacon Palmeter, and George W. Smith, of Crete, served 
from October 1, '64, to November 9, '65. 

Sixty-fourth Illinois Infantry. — Organized Dec. 31, 1861, 
at Camp Butler, with an aggregate force of 1,624 men, by Lieut.- 
Col. D. D. Williams, may be called a Will Co. regiment. Mi- 
chael W. Manning, of Joliet, entered as 1st lieut. Co. E, Dec. 31, 
1861; promoted capt. Oct. 4, 1862; lieut. -col. Feb. 19, 1864; 
retired April 9, 1865. Joseph S. Eeynolds, New Lenox, com. 
2d lieut. Co. F, in 1861; capt. Aug. 14, 1863; major, Nov. 1, 
1864; lieut. -col., March 8, 1865, and brevet brig. -gen., for dis- 
tinguished service, July 11, 1865, with which title he received 
his discharge. Henry Logan, Joliet, com. capt. Co. G Feb. 11, 

1864, and major, June 26, 1865; received his discharge July 11, 

1865. This officer was severely wounded in the Atlanta cam- 
paign. William Zuell, Wilmington, prom, from the ranks to 
capt. of Co. C; he received severe wounds at Atlanta, July 22, 
1864. John Becker, Joliet, prom, from the ranks to capt. of 
Co. D; received his discharge April 9, 1865. David G. Grover, 
capt, Co. E, was wounded at Corinth, Oct. 4, and died Oct. 10, 
1862. Patrick Feeley, enlisted Oct. 25, 61; prom. 1st. Lieut, 
in May, '65; mustered out with the command in July, '65. 
Thomas Monohan, 2d lieut. Co. E, enlisted Oct. 26, '61, 
as private Co. E; vet.; prom, sergt., then 2d lieut. July 
11, 65; M. 0. July 11, '65. Joshua W. Baker, capt. Co. 
F, enlisted Dec. 31, '61, as 1st lieut.; prom. capt. Sept. 2, 
'62; resigned Aug. 14, '63. Hanson H. Crews, capt. Co, G, 
enlisted Aug. 9, '61, as private in 39th regt. ; dis. for prom, 
in 64th as 2d lieut. Feb. 11, '64; prom. 1st. lieut. June 22, 
'64; prom. capt. Co. G, Nov. 1, '64; M. 0. July 11, '65, 
Ward Knickerbocker, 1st. lieut. Co. F, enlisted Oct. 22, '63, as 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 195 

private Co. F; prom, sorgt. Oct. 22, ^61; prom. 2d lieiit. Sept. 
2, '62; prom. 1st lieut. Aug. 14, '63; term exp. Dec. 30, '64; 
wounded July 22, before Atlanta. Joseph H. 13isliop, capt. Co. 
G, enlisted Nov. 1, '64, as private Co. I; prom. 1st lieut.; prom, 
capt. June 26, '65; M. 0. July 11, '65. Benjamin Snyder, 1st 
lieut. Co. G, enlisted Feb. 11, '64; resigned June 22, '64. John 
Berow, 2d lieut. Co. G, enlisted Dec. 29, '63, as private; prom, 
sergt., then 2d lieut., July 11, '65. Edwin C. Saunders, 1st 
lieut., enlisted Jan. 4, '64, as private; prom, sergt.; prom. 1st 
lieut. July 11, '65. Henry S. Clark, sergt. -maj., enlisted Oct. 
23, '61, as private; prom. 1st sergt. Co. E, then sergt. -maj.; 
killed in battle of Corinth, Oct. 4, '62. Eobert Kussell, sergt. - 
maj., enlisted Dec. 17, '61., as private Co. F; vet.; prom, sergt.- 
maj. Dec. 30, '63; M. 0. July 11, '65. James Dunderdale, Q.- 
M. sergt., enlisted Aug. 7, '62, as recruit Co. F; prom. Q.-M. 
S.; M. 0. May 31, '65; severly wounded July 22, before Atlanta; 
also wounded at Corinth. James M. Hume, com. sergt., en- 
listed Dec. 13, '61, as private Co. A; prom. com. sergt. Dec. 30, 
'63; M. 0. July 11, '65; vet. John Doty, musician, enlisted 
Nov. 4, '61, as musician Co. E; prom, principal musician; vet.; 
M. 0. July 11, '65. 

Compang A. — The recruits of Co. A, enlisted in January 
and February, 1864, were: Michael Carroll, died at Kome, Ga., 
August, 1864. Michael Coughlm, M. 0. July 1, '65. Henry 
Carpenter, dis. for dis. Feb. 27, '65. Philander Carpenter, M. 
0. July 11, '65; wounded at Kesaca, May 14, '64. Michael 
Cummings, M. 0. June 17, '65. Irwin LeRoy Gorham, M. 0. 
July 11, '65. Cyrus F. Hartly, dis. for dis. June 16, '65. Jerry 
Maher, M. 0. July 11, '65. Barney Phillips, M. 0. July 11, 
'65. James Sweeny, M. 0. May 31,' '65. Curtis Williams, M. 
0. July 1], '65. 

Company C. — Comprised the following Will Co. men, who 
served from the fall of 1861 to muster out, July 11, 1865: John 
Baker, Daniel Barry, Henry Clark, Warren Fish, John Farney, 
Caleb Hansom, John Hogan, Daniel Hiner, Nicholas Ham, 
Ferdinand Luther, Michael Lahey, Henry McHenry, Lewis P. 
Row. 

The recruits of Februar}^, 1864, also mustered out in July, 
1865, were: James W. Chilcote, Daniel Fenderson, George N. 
Lane, John F. McDougall, Matthew Scott. 

Company D. — Organized in the fall of 1861, was mustered 
out in 1865. Among the troops were the following Will Co. 
soldiers: Jeremiah Eastman, George D. Goodwin, Oscar M. 
Hudson, George A. Spencer, Michael McLaughlin, vet.; absent 
sick at M. 0.; wounded July 22, '64, before Atlanta. 

Company E. — Organized in the fall of 1861, contained the 
following Will Co. men: William Leonard dis. for prom, 
in 2d Ala. Inf. Thomas Smith vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65; 



196 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

wounded at Resaca May 14, '64. Charles Preston, M. 0. Dec. 
31, '64, wounded. William Paul, vet.; died in Georgia, June 
30, '64. Mathew Colwell, vet.; M. 0., July 11, '65. John 
Smith, vet. ; absent in arrest at M. 0.; see p. 220. George Allen, 
private, M. 0. Feb. 13, '65. Merrick Allen, died at Farmington, 
111., May 14, '62, of wounds. William T. Boyd, dis. for dis. 
May 1, ''62. John N. Boyd, dis. for dis. May 1, '62. Peter 
Brown, killed at Corinth, Miss., Oct. 4, '62. John Belwood, 
John Constantino, Albert Dolan, John Deegan, wounded at 
Corinth. John Dougherty, M. 0. Dec. 31, '64. Thomas Daily, 
vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65. Peter Dutter, M. 0. Dec. 31, '64; 
pris. James Duffee, Timothy Dougherty, Andrew Egan, Thomas 
Garlish, vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65; wounded at battle of Corinth. 
Darwin N. Gifford, vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65, as corp. William 
Hall, M. 0. Dec. 31, '64. Patrick Lennan. John Lulam, dis. 
for dis. June 28, '62. Joseph Lewis, William Lane, John Mc- 
Evoy, Daniel McEntyre, dis. for dis. June 20, '62. Antonio 
Mattemore. Michael McGillicudy, killed at Corinth, Oct. 4, '62; 
Hugh McCann, dis. for dis. March 7, '62. James Maley, died 
at Quincy, 111., Feb. 17, '62. John Moran, John Pryor, Will- 
iam Quill, vet.; M 0. July 11, '65. Patrick Eeynolds, Thomas 
Roland, vet.; dis. for dis. March 16, '65. Adam Ruth, vet.; 
M. 0. July 11, '65. Jacob Short, John Sullivan, dis.; lost leg 
at battle Corinth, Oct. 4, '62. Erhardt Walter, vet.; M. 0. 
July 11, '65; detached. Benjamin Wood. 

The recruits of this company in 1862 and 1864 were: Jacob 
Cannairos, Charles S. Griffin, vet.; killed at Ruff's Mills, Ga., 
Aug. 4, '64. Michael Leahey, vet.; absent at M. 0. George H. 
Rouse, killed at Corinth, Oct. 4, '62. Michael Rappel, Chris- 
tian Smith, M. 0. as corp.; severely wounded July 4, '64, in 
both buttocks. 

Company F. — Organized in the fall of 1861, was a Will county 
command. R. C. Crawford, prom. com. sergt. ; dis. March 1, 
'62, for promotion in 26th Mo. Inf. Ephraim Pelton, vet.; M. 
0. July 11, '65. Alpheus Rogers, dis. for dis. Oct. 26, '62. 
Philip A. Steinberg, dis. for promotion in 1st Alabama cavalry; 
killed at Vincents X Roads Oct. 26, '63. George Goodwin, died 
April 17, '62. Elias A. Kimball, dis. for dis. Dec. 28, '63. John 
Watson. D. 0. Collins, vet. ; M. 0. July 11, '65. Alson Pel- 
ton, dis. for dis. Feb. 17, '62. Jacob Shelling, vet.; M. 0. July 
11, '65. Alfred Valentine, dis. April 2, '64, to enlist as hospital 
steward in U. S. A. Frisk Specia, dis. for dis. Feb. 17, '62. 
James McCourtie, died at Quincy, 111., Feb. 10, '62. Felix 
Bishop. William G. Bradley. Michael Bailey, vet.; M. 0. July 
11, '^b. George H. Brumont, dis. for dis. May 1, '62; died 
after dis. from loss of health in the service. Thomas Burns. 
Frank Conly, vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65. Thomas Champion, 
Henry E. Cook. Amos Courtright, vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65, as 



GENEKAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 197 

corporal. Henry A. Cox. Myrex Fuller. Wm. Johnson, killed 
in pursuit of the enemy after the evacuation of Corinth. Orrin 
Krouskup, dis. for dis. Feb. 17, '62. Jacob Kneadler, vet.; M. 
0. July 11, '65. Wm. P. Lamb, vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65; 1st 
sergt. John Murphy, vet.; absent at M. 0. with leave. Calvin 
Moore, vet.; M. 0. Joseph Pierson, vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65; 
wounded July 22, '64. John 0. Parks, corp. ; died of wounds 
received May 27, '64. Frederick Sonner, vet.; absent with 
leave at M. 0. Thomas Thompson, trans, to invalid corps. 

The recruits and reenlisted men for 1862-4 were: Albert 
Ashler, vet.; M. 0. July 11, "65; wounded at battle of Corinth, 
Oct. 4, '63. Alex. Arrasmith, vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65, as cor- 
poral. John Addison, vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65. John Bly. 
Samuel Barrows, wounded July 22d before Atlanta; also 
wounded June 27th at Kenesaw. Henry Bluhm, M. 0. July 
11, '65. William Baker, M. 0. July 11, '65. James H. Bar- 
num, M. 0. Jan. 3, '65; wounded. Isaac Bergen, dis. for dis. 
Feb. 15, '62. Wm. Bradford, dis. for dis. Oct. 26, '62. Jesse 
Cremer, vet.; killed near Atlanta July 22, '64; sergt. Samuel 
F. Courtright, absent with leave at M. 0. ; wounded July 22, 
'64, before Atlanta. Shadrick M. Cordon, M. 0. July 11, '65. 
Eobert D. Caldwell, M. 0. July 11, '65. John Cruges (or 
Cunges), M. 0. July 11, '65. Wm. Dalton, dis. Jan. 10, '65; 
term exp. John Dixon, vet.; dis. Jan. 10, '65; term exp. John 
Depuy, died at Cincinnati, April 2, "62. Albert G. W. Denney, 
vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65. Jeremiah Eastman, dis. for dis. Oct. 
26, '62. James H. Ferguson, died at Corinth Nov. 7, '63. 
Austin V. Flint, M. 0. May 31, '65; fifer; wounded. James 
Grant, M. 0. July 11, '64. James H. Gilfallen, killed near 
Dallas, Ga., May 27, '64. George Genera, dis. for dis. Sept. 17, 
'62. Nicholas Ham, M. 0. July 11, '65, as corporal. Julius 
Hirsch, M. 0. July 11, '65; wounded July 22 before Atlanta. 
Christian Hager, absent on leave at M. 0.; wounded. Charles 
Henderson, M. 0. July 11, '65. Freeman W. Hatch, M. 0. 
June 8, '65. Charles Hager, absent sick at M. 0. John Her- 
bert, M. 0. July 11, '65. Oscar M. Hudson, dis. for dis. Aug. 
8, '62, as sergt. Nicholas Ham, dis. for dis. Sept. 18, '62; 
wounds. Ransom Hewitt, vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65, as wagoner. 
Joseph C. Jones, M. 0. July 11, '65. Frank Kitzrow, absent 
with leave at M. 0. Wm. Long, M. 0. July 11, '65; wounded 
July 22, '64, before Atlanta. James Monty, wounded July 22, 
'64. Charles McDonald, M. 0. May 29, '64. Loren N. Moulton, 
M. 0. July 11, '65. Andrew F. Moore, vet. ; dis. at exp. of term. 
William Monty, absent sick at M. 0. Desire Money, M. 0. 
July 11, "65; wounded July 22, '64, before Atlanta. Joseph 
Monty, dis. for wounds May 3, '65; wounded July 22, '64, 
before Atlanta. Christopher Near, M. 0. July 11, '65. Wm. 
Ostrander, absent sick at M. 0. Wm. Peters, M. 0. July 11, 
13 



198 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

'65, as corporal. Alson Pelton, M. 0. July 11, '65. Thomas 
Eickard, M. 0. July 11, '65; wounded May 27, '64, at Dallas. 
Solon C. Eyder, absent sick at M. 0. Wm. P. Eickard, absent 
on leave at M. 0. Lewis P. Eowe, dis. for dis. Sept. 4, '62. 
Samuel D. Eice. Addison Slusser, M. 0. May 26, '65. John 
Schlekan, M. 0. July 11, '65; wounded at Dallas, May 26, '65, 
and before Atlanta July 22, '64. Louis Stiger, M. 0. July 11, 
'65. James Stoneking, M. 0. July 11, '65; wounded June 28, 
'64; arm amputated. Madison Spencer, absent sick since enlist- 
ment. Wm. Sheele, dis. Dec. 26, '64; term exp. ; sergt. Geo. 
A. Spencer, vet.; killed July 22, '64, before Atlanta. Henry 
Shelling, vet.; M. 0. July 11, '65. Jacob Shelling; M. 0. 
July 11, '65. Abram Wagner, vet.; killed at Dallas, Ga., 
May 27, '64. Nicholas Teils, M. 0. July 11, '65. John 
Thorne, absent sick at M. 0. DeForrest Van Vleck, dis. for 
dis. May 17, '65; wounded July 22, '64, before Atlanta, Chas. 
Whaland, M. 0. July 11, '65. George Wilson. John E. Young. 
This list includes a few soldiers living in the vicinity of Eock- 
ville, Kankakee county. 

Company G — Logan's Company. — Contained the following 
named Will county soldiers: James Aickins, M. 0. July 11, 
'65. James Barbour, died at Midship Junction, Ga., July 23, 
'64, of wounds. William T. Earron. William Blossom, died 
at Marietta, August 14, '64, of wounds received July 22, '64. 
Oscar Bollin; killed near Atlanta July 22, '64; also wounded 
June 27. Harmon Boehme; corp. ; died of wounds July 22, 
'64, near Atlanta. William Bowers; killed at Kenesaw Mount- 
ain June 27, '64. James Bruce; M. 0. July 11, '65; severely 
wounded June 27, '64. Ernest F. Caspari; M. 0. July 24, '65. 
John Clark; vet.; killed before Atlanta July 22, '64. Patrick 
Connors; sergt.; absent with leave at M. 0. Isaiah Cook; died 
at Atlanta; severely wounded July 22, '64. James Crawford; 
M. 0. July 11, '65; in hosp., Quincy. Alfred Cuykendall; 
sergt.; absent with leave at M, 0. Jehial D. Dewey; M. 0. 
July 18, '65. Daniel C. Dodge; M. 0. July 11, '65. Patrick 
Dolan; killed June 28, '64, at Kenesaw. Christopher Edmin- 
son; M. 0. July 11, '65; wounded near Kenesaw June 27, '64. 
Asbury Flewelling; M. 0. June 28, '65; was prisoner July 22, 
'64. Samuel Ford; M. 0. with regt. Adam Gedelman; M. 0. 
July 11, '65; wounded near Atlanta. George Grimes; died at 
Marietta, Ga., Sept. 26, '64, of wounds received July 22, '64. 
John Hall; never joined company. Patrick Harrison; M. 0. 
July 11, '65. Michael Harrison; killed at Kenesaw June 27, 
'64. Henry Harris; M. 0. July 11, '65. Daniel Haradan; 
vet.; killed at Atlanta July 22, '64. Joel Heacock. Joseph 
Hebert; M. 0. July 11, '64. Victor Henry; M. 0. July 11, 
'64, as Corp. Benedict Hoffer; vet.; died at Joliet; used up. 
James Horan; M. 0. July 11, '65. Thomas P. Horner; vet.; 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 199 

killed at Atlanta July 22, 'G-4. John Hallahan; M. 0. July 11, 
'65; wounded July 22, '64:, at Atlanta. John B. Johnson; M. 
0. July 11, '65. Albert Jones; absent, sick at M. 0. Mathew 
Keef; M. 0. July 11, '65. William Lemer; M. 0. July 11, '65. 
Bernard Linch; M 0. July 11, '65; died of disease contracted 
in service since dis. Edmund Lizur; M. 0. July 11, '65; Corp.; 
wounded June 27, '64, at Kenesaw. Jacob Lutz; M. 0. July 
11, '65. James Lulim; wounded severely at Atlanta July 22, 
'64; died at Marietta. William Mather; M. 0. July 11. '65. 
Louis McCall; M. 0. July 11, '95. James McConnell; M. 0. 
June 13, '65; severely wounded June 27, '64. Michael McCoy; 
killed July 22 before Atlanta. Chancey McDade; absent; sick 
at M. 0. John McDonald; M 0. July 11, '65. Patrick Mc- 
Laughlin; killed at Atlanta July 22, '64. Mallory Miller; M. 
0. July 11, '65. Henry Morse; M. 0. July 11, '65. Francis M. 
Marshall; M. 0. July 11, '65. Stephen Newton; M. 0. July 11, 
'65; was prisoner of war, and wounded July 22, '64. William 
Orr; killed June 27, '64, at Kenesaw. Daniel O'Eiley; mortally 
wounded June 27, '64. Israel Parker; died in Andersonville 
prison Aug. 2, '64. Bernard Parks. Richard Parker. Thomas 
E. Pearson; M. 0. July 11, '65. Isaac Powliss; killed at Kene- 
saw, June 27, '64. William Reid; M. 0. July 11, '65. Edward 
E. Spencer; M. 0. July 11, '65; as com. sergt.; wounded May 
29, at Dallas. Martin H. Sitterly; dis. for dis. Sept. 27, '64. 
Harvey Schorn; mortally wounded July 22, '64. David Shay; 
M. 0. July 11, '65; missing July 22, '64". Francis Simpson; M. 
0. July 11, '65. Richard F. Simpson; D. T. John Sheerin; 
M. 0. July 11, '65. Nathan Shattuck; absent with leave at M. 
0.; wounded June 27, '64, at Kenesaw. Nathan Shroyer; 
wounded and prisoner at Atlanta July 12, '64; died. Cushman 
Small; died at Mound City Sept. 29, '64; wounded at Atlanta 
Sept. 22, '64. Henry Small; M. 0. Julv 11, '65. Sylvester E. 
Smith; M. 0. July 21, '65. Edwin Sm'ith; M. 0. June 6, '65; 
1st sergt.; com. 2d lieut., but not mustered. Henry Stroud; 
wounded July 22, '64; and slightly Aug. 10, '64; died. Frank 
Sweringer; sergt.; died Sept. 2, '64, of wounds received July 
22, '64. Louis Taylor; M. 0. July 11, '65. George Teeters; 
killed at Kenesaw June 27, '64. Williams H. Towns; M. 0. 
July 11, '65. Joseph D. Tucker; absent at M. 0. John Trob- 
lee; killed at Kenesaw June 27, '64. Jaber Yassar; M. 6. July 
11, '65. Charles W. Vorce; corp.; absent with leave at M. 0. 
Robert Walton. John R. Watson; M. 0. July 11, '65. James 
K. Watson; M. 0. July 11, '65. Robert Watson; sergt.; killed 
July 19, '64, at Decatur, Ga. John A. Williams; M. 0. June 
28, '64; was prisoner of war July 22, '64. 

The recruits of this company in March, 1864 were; James T. 
Barrett; absent, sick at M. 0. ; wounded July 22, near Atlanta. 
James Buggy; absent at M. 0. ; wounded severely July 22, '64. 



200 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY, 

George Colleps; dis. April 8, '65; prisoner July 22, '64. Phi- 
lander Ellis, M. 0. July 11, '64; as corp. Alexander Garry. 
William Jordan. Robert Marshall. Hamilton 0. Peterson; M. 
0. May 26, '65. Carey A. Peterson; killed at Kenesaw June 
27, '64. George W. Pierce; killed at Kenesaw June 27, '64; 
Corp. William Richie. John Stones; M. 0. July 11, '65. 
Benjamin Squires; M. 0. July 11, '65; missing July 22, '64. 
Thomas Thompson; killed at Kenesaw Mountain June 27, '64. 
Alexander Young; died at Mound City Sept. 28, '64. 

Company I. — Organized in Jan, 1864, served until the close 
of the war. Taylor Howe. John Adams. Jefferson Patter- 
son. Ezra Ary; wounded; thumb shot off May 29, at Dallas. 
George Armstrong. John Anderson. Lafayette Adams; died 
at Marietta, Ga., Aug. 20, '64. Albert Belden. Francis M. 
Bishop; died at Rome, Ga., Aug., '64. Augustus H. Belden; 
wounded Aug. 4, '64. Francis, or Thomas A,. Borris. 
Peter Bunkerson, died at Newberne, N. C. May 10, '65. Will- 
iam 0. Cook. John Carnifix, died at Marietta, Georgia, Octo- 
ber 12, '64. Charles Cain. Henry Charles, prisoner of war, 
M. 0. June 28, '65. William F. Charles, vet. res. corps. 
Henry Dakin. Flavius G. Herricks. Thomas E. Hunt. Elwood 
P. Hogue. Louis Haynes. Andrew Hosier, died in Rhode 
Island, May 12, '65. Allen Hamilton. Albert B. Humiston. 
Henry C. Igon. Stephen G. Igon. Edward Johnson. John 
Jungers. Joseph J. Jordan. Charles J. Johnson. George V. 
Park. Joshua A. Prior. All the survivors of this company, 
with a few exceptions, were M. 0. July 11, '65. Appling Ar- 
buthnot, Company K, M. 0. July 11, '65. Vincent Dobbins, 
Company K, trans, to vet. res. July, '65. Thomas J. Wheeler, 
Company K, died at Louisville, Kentucky, April 8, '64. Thomas 
W. David, Company K. Urias Frey, Company K, died in Camp 
Butler, March 25, '64. 

Sixty -first Illinois Infantry. — Organized under Colonel Pat- 
rick E, Burke, in April, '62, contained the following soldiers 
from Will county, who joined the command in Feb. '64: Ar- 
thur Buchanan, died at Hannibal, Mo., Nov. 30, '64; Ernest 
Evans, Henry Halfman, mortally wounded and prisoner July 
27, '64, at Kenesaw; James Johnson, died at Nashville, Tenn., 
Oct. 30, '64; Charles F. Putnam, Ole Peterson, and Charles E. 
Popple, trans, to 5th regt. V. R. C; all of Company B. 
George Linkhart and Hans C. Somler, of Company C. Polonzo 
C. Duck, Arthur V. Ernest, died at Rome, Ga., Sept. 6, '64; 
David B. Furry, Samuel S. Joy, Leander B. Laughlin, Thomas 
J. Lewellan, Augustus C. Nye, William C. Slemmons, and Will- 
iam Ward, all of Company E. Miron Anable, Justice Hall, 
and Henry Olmstead of Company F. Elverton Fairman and 
Nickodemus of Company G. George W. Hostler, vet.; died 
at Rome, Ga,, July 15, '64; Hugh G. McElroy, and John B. 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 201 

Shadley of Company H. The survivors were mustered out 
July 7, '65. 

Sixty -seventh Illinois Infantry. — Organized June 13, '63, 
under Colonel R. McHougii, had four "Will county soldiers, 
viz.: John Fitzgerald, of Wilmington; John G. Risley and 
Walter H. Squire, of Joliet, and William Dancer, of Wilton, 
who served fiom June, '62, until Sept. '62. 

Sixty-ninth Illinois Infantry. — Organized June 14, '62, had 
four Will county representatives, viz. : George Wilder, Crete; 
Patrick McBride, Lockport; William Pratt, Joliet, and Cor- 
nelius Egan, Wilmington. This command served only a three- 
months' term. Many of its members re-enlisted. 

Sixty-fifth Illinois Infantry (Three years). — Organized at 
Camp Douglas, May 15, '62. Will county was represented in this 
command by the troops named in the following record: Capt. 
Albert H. Higinbotham, of Co. A. — original; as private Co. B. ; 
prom. Q. M. sergt. ; prom, captain of Co. E.; consol. May 30, '65; 
M. 0. July 13, '65. Corinth ius Good enow, vet. ; died at Marietta, 
Ga., Aug. 14, '64. Theodore F. Howe, trans, to Co. B, consol. as 
1st sergt.; prom. 1st lieut.; M. 0. July 13, '65. Francis M. 
Hoffner. Wm. J Johnson, trans, to Co. H. consol. ; M. 0. July 
13, '65. Isaac N. Robson, Co. D; captured Jan. 18, '64, taken to 
Richmond and paroled. AYilliam Stewart, Company D, vet. ; 
trans, to Co. H, consol. as sergt.; prom. 2d lieut.; M. 0. July 
13, '65; was prisoner of war. Joseph Brown, Company D; 
M. 0. July 13, '65, as sergt. John Moore, Company D; M. 0. 
July 13, '65, as sergt. Richard Hallam, 1st sergt. Company G; 
dis. for dis. Nov. 4, '63. Charles Darling, dis. for wounds. 
David Darling, M. 0. April 35, '65. John Berlie, vet.; trans, 
to Co. H, consol. as Corp.; M. 0. July 13, '65. Robert John- 
son, died at Martinsburg, Va., July 35, 'Q'i. Robert Mel- 
bourne, dis. for dis. July 33, '64. Henry P. Servis, M. 0. May 
15, '65. Christopher Weise, vet.; trans, to Co. H, consol; M. 
0. July 13, '65. George Everett, Company E; M. 0. May 15, 
'65. Edelbert Robinson, Company E; M. 0. May IS,"' '65. 
Alonzo A. Wizer, dis. for dis. April 33, '62; leg amputated at 
Chicago railroad accident; taken prisoner at Harper's Ferry at 
Miles' inglorious surrender. 

Seventy-second Illinois Infantry, organized August 31, 1862, 
for three years' service, claimed the following Will county sol- 
dierg : Benj. B. Scott, M. 0. August 7, 1875, as musician Co. 
B, prom. prin. Amos F. Anson, M. 0. August 7, 1865 ; 
served in Co. A. Frank Forrester, transferred to Thirty-third 
Illinois; M. 0. November 24, 1864, Co. A. Isaac B. Willis, Co. 
B.; dis. for prom, in colored regiment. Charles F. Feltham, M. 
0. August 7, 1865. Wm. L. Fames ; dis. for dis. February 21, 
1863. Stephen H. L. Hurd, M. 0. July 15, 1865, as corporal ; 
was prisoner of war. Charles Wake, trans, to signal corps Sep- 



202 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

tember'7, 1863. J. W. Palmatur, trans, to Thirty-third reg't.; 
M. 0. November 24, 1865. Richard W. Whittington, M. 0. as 
sergeant; entered as corporal Co. D. John Munson, Co. D.; M. 
0. August 7, 1865. Edgar Parker, died at Quincy September 
7, 1863. Charles Wiguall, M. 0. August 7, 1865 ; corporal. 
Eobert Wignall, M. 0. August 7, 1865 ; corporal. Manassas 
West, died March 7, 1865. John Pennock, trans, to Thirty-third; 
M. 0. November 24, 1865. Elizur Sage, trans, to Thirty-third; 
M. 0. November 24, 1865. John AV. Waterhouse, Co. E.; died 
at Columbus, Ky., November 14, 1862; served as wagoner. Jer- 
ome Borland, Co. E.; died at Columbus, Ky., October 24, 1862. 
Charles B. Clark, died at Memphis September 22, 1862, of 
wounds received at Vicksburg. Carlos B. Clark, M. 0. June 13, 
1865; wounded. Mark Chapman, M. 0. August 7, 1865. Kim- 
ball Chapin, died at Columbus, Ky., November 11, 1865. James 
E. Freeman, died of wounds June 13, 1863. Harvey B. Free- 
man, died at Vicksburg April 26, 1864. James N. George, prom. 
Corp. and sergt.; dis. for wounds; died July 16, 1873. Edward 
George, M. 0. August 7, 1865. Wm. George, absent sick at M. 
0. Ezra Hartr'omft, died at Holly Springs December 24, 1862. 
Wm. Obenholser, M. 0. August 7, 1865. Edward Sprague, dis. 
for dis. May 23, 1865. 

The recruits of 1864 were : Gardiner B. George, trans, to 
Thirty-third; M. 0. December 20, 1865. Charles George, trans, 
to Thirty-third; M. 0. December 20, 1865. Henry Klos, trans, 
to Thirty-third; M. 0. December 20, 1865. Clarence W. Morse, 
M. 0. August 7, 1865. Justus N. Preston, dis. for dis. June 10, 
1855. Wm. McConchie, Co. K.; trans, to Thirty-third; absent 
on leave at M. 0. 

Seventy -third Illinois Infantry, organized August 21, 1862; 
contained one Will county representative — James J. Boland, of 
Joliet. He was drafted into a Rebel regiment at New Orleans, 
in 1861, escaped at Stone river, and enlisted in Seventy-third 
Infantry August 10, 1862; M. 0. June 12, 1865. 

Seventy-sixth Illinois Infantry (Three years). — Organized 
August 22, '62, and mustered into service at Kankakee. Among 
the troops were the following named Will county men: Frank 
R. Warner,' as 1st sergt. Co. I; prom. 1st lieut. June 27, '63; M. 
0. July 22, '65. Foster N. Fairman, David Sapp, Isaiah Har- 
ting and H. C. Paddock, trans, to 37th regt. Co. C; M. 0. May 
15, '66; Paddock was wounded. Wm. F. Whitson and Nathan 
Cook were mustered out July 22, '65. 

Eighty-second Illinois Infantry (Three years).— Organized 
under Col. Fred. Hecker, contained the following named Will 
county soldiers, all from Monee: Gustav Jordan, Adam Kump- 
ley, August Harlt, Charles Harden, Jacob Gloon, wounded at 
Chancellorsville, May, '63; Fritz Stade, Wilhelm Struve, Carl 
Struve, dis. for dis. July 17, '63; Gustav Warnecke, Anton 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 203 

Carstons, Henry Carstons, missing at battle of Chancellorsville 
May 2, '63; Gregor Haentger. The survivors of this command 
were mustered out in June, '65. 

Eighty -eighth Illinois Infantry (Three years). — Organized 
August 27, '62, had a Will county representation, as follows: 
Levi P. Holden, as capt. Co. E; prom, major June 22, '64; M. 
0. June 9, '65. Edwin A. Stolp, as sergt. major; j^rom. 1st 
lieut. Co. E, June 22, '64; prom. capt. Oct. 22, '64. Final H. 
Morey, as Q. M. sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. June 8, '65. John H. 
Eeynolds, died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 20, '63. George Leffer, 
died at Stevenson, Ala., Sept. 27, '63. John Lelfer. Tens Peter- 
son. Thomas Pile. Burr S. Stowell, trans, to invalid corps 
Aug. 1, '63. Eobert Stofel. Andreon Cook, dis. for dis. June 
11, '64. Wm. S. Andreus. John Liddell. Fred. F. Taylor. 
John Vanllorne, dis. Nov. 5, '62. The other members, whose 
records are not given above, served until mustered out June 
9, '65. 

Eighty-ninth Illinois Infantry (Three years). — Claimed the 
following named Will county men: James M. Mulliken, 1st 
sergt. of Co. K, died in rebel hospital at Danville, Va., Feb. 28, 
'64. L. Leach, Co. H, of Eeed township, died Aug. 11, '72; 
mustered out. 

Ninetieth Illinois Infantry (Three years), was organized by 
Colonel Timothy O'Mara, November 22, '62, and mustered in 
at Camp Douglas with 958 men. In this command were the 
following named AVill county soldiers: Daniel O'Connor as 
capt. Co. D; prom, major June 6, '65; severely wounded at 
Mission Ridge. Patrick O'Mara, hon. dis. June 14, '64, for dis.; 
capt. James Dunne, as 1st sergt.; prom. 1st lieut. June 15, '64; 
prom. capt. September 8, '64; M. 0. June 6, '65. James E. 
Casey, as sergt.; prom. 1st sergt., then 1st lieut.; M. 0. June 6, 
'65; wounded. John W. Kelley. Peter O'Brien, resigned March 
6, '63. David A. Keys, as 1st sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. Peter 
Mclbtee, as sergt.; prom. 2d lieut.; M. 0. June 6, '65; wounded. 
Thomas E. Lonergan, dis. April 4, '64, wounds; right hand shot 
and disabled; sergt. major. Thomas Hendricks. Charles Dunne. 
Charles M. Stewart, trans, to 48th 111. 

Company C. — John J. Ryan, M. 0. June 6, '65; was wounded 
at Mission Ridge. Henry Porter, M. 0. June 24, '65; was a 
pris. of war. Michael McDonald, M. 0. June 6, '65, as 1st 
sergt. Patrick H. Sloan, prom. prin. musician; M. 0. June 6, 
'65. John Flaven, trans, to vet. res. corps February 29, '64. 
Michael Loughan. William Beach, dis. for dis. March 4, '65. 
Michael Brady. James Byron, M. 0. June 5, '65; pris. of war, 
captured at Mission Ridge. Magloire Bachand. John W. Bryan. 
Owen Curran, M. 0. June 9, '65 as corp.; detached as clerk in 
Q. M. dept. John Crosby, died in Andersonville prison June 
11, 'Qh, grave No. 12; 433. James Clark, M. 0. June 5, '65. 



204 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Thomas Clayton, died at Atlanta, Georgia, August 4, '64. Thom- 
as Carey. William Carr, M. 0. June 5, '65. Martin Dougherty, 
abs. wounded at M. 0.; wounded at Atlanta, July 22, '64. John 
Griffin, trans, to 28th regt.; M. 0. August 15, '65. John Gan- 
non. John Groundwell. Thomas Hogan, M. 0. June 5, '65. 
Thomas Hennebry, M 0. June 5, '65, as corp. John King. 
Francis Klesner, M. 0. June 24, '65; pris. of war. Thomas 
Murphy, dis. for dis. August 1, '64, for wounds received at 
Mission Eidge, William Miles. William C. Miles. John Mc- 
Cafferty. Edward Mortley. Patrick Nicholson. Stephen New- 
berry. John O'Reiley. Thomas Keynolds, William Eowley. 
Edward Redmond, dis. for dis. July 10, '64, for wounds received 
at Mission Ridge. John Ryan. James Rice. John J. Shay. 
Joseph Wells, died at Nashville, December 10, '63. Edward 
Welsh, died of wounds received August 3, '64. Nelson S. Wick- 
er, died of wounds, December 4, '63. 

Company D. — William M. Welch, sergt. ; Austin Needham, 
killed at Atlanta, Georgia, August 13, '64. Martin Hicks. 
Michael Cunningham. Mat. Haley, taken pris. at Mission Ridge 
and died at Richmond while a pris. of war April 8, '64. Edward 
Cunningham, M. 0. June 6, '65, as sergt. Michael Haley, dis. 
John Casper, captured at Mission Ridge, died in Andersonville 
prison October 3, '64, grave No. 12,257. Peter Wilhelm. Thomas 
W. Smith. Thomas W. Burns, sergt. ; trans, to vet. res. corps 
March 17, '64. Philip Owens. Richard Bannon. Hugh Bruce. 
William Bruce, died at Chattanooga, November 28, '63 of 
wounds received at Mission Ridge. Frederick Bloom, absent, 
wounded at M. 0. Andrew Bannon. Isaac Brown. Simon 
Conchlin, killed by torpedoes at Fort McAllister, Georgia, De- 
cember 31, '64. Henry Cassiday. Martin Crow, dis. October 
4, '64, for wounds received at Mission Ridge. John Canna, 
died at Lagrange, Tennessee, March 15, '63. James Carney, 
died at Memphis, Tennessee, November 17, '63. James Cramer, 
dis. William Curran. Philip Decker. Philip Drordlen, died 
October 17, '63. David B. Dudloff. Patrick Devlin. Henry R. 
Eckhardt. James Edwards. John Grant. James Gray. William 
Graham. Conrad Gossman, wounded. Patrick Garrity, died 
in Joliet Sept. 13, '64. J. Goodrich. J. Glennon. Jas. Hyers. 
Joyce Austin, prisoner at Mission Ridge; died in Andersonville, 
July 20, '64, grave No. 2,241. Judge Brian, dis. Feb. 20, '63; 
lost a leg at Mission Ridge. George W. Jones. James Kelly, 
trans, vet. res. Robert Kelly, died at Nashville, Tenu., Jan. 26, 
'64. Richard Keefe. John J. Kane. Jacob Kieser. Henry 
Leonard. James Loughrea, died of wounds at Atlanta, Aug. 2, 
'64. Michael Leahy, wounded; M. 0. June 6, '65. Peter D 
Lowhead. David R. Lucly. John Lewis, reported sick at date 
of M. 0. James Malone, reported sick at date of M. 0. Cornelius 
Mahony. John Maher. Joseph Mock. Joseph Moore. Matt. Mil- 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 205 

goni. Edward Norton. Patrick Norton, wounded; M. 0. John 
Oliver. John O'Brien, lost an arm at Mission Kidge; did not re- 
port June 6, '65. Patrick O'Boyle, trans, vet. res. Feb. 11, '64. 
John Onker. John H. Parker. Wm Powers. Anthony Eowe. 
Horace Eainey. John Eule. David Eyan, wounded at Mission 
Eidge; in hospital at Quincy at M. 0. Francis Smyth. George 
Sheahy. Frank Smith. Eichard F. Smith. Arnold Smith, died 
at Chicago, March 14, '63. Paul Stalehsy. Edward Sharkey,, 
trans, vet. res. Jan. 5, '63. Charles Somers. Martin Smith, died 
Aug. 27, '63. D. D. AVilkinson. Michael Wiles, wounded. John 
Whalen, corporal at M. 0. June 6,'65. William Walshe. Simon 
Zolphe. John Casey, recruit, Feb. '64; trans, to 48th Ills.; M. 
0. Aug., '65. Laurence J. Conway, recruit, Oct., '63; trans, to 
48th Ills.; wounded. James O'Connor, corp. Co. G, Fall '62. 
Patrick DeVine, private Co. H, Fair62; shot by James Maguire 
in Mississippi, June 20, '62. Michael Hayes, Fall '62. Charles 
Maguire, Fall '62; died at Marietta, Ga., Oct. 4, '64; wounds. 
James Eedmond, Fall '62. The names of those Avhose records 
are not given, served until muster out in June 1865. 

Ninety-first Illinois Infantry. — Was organized Sept. 8, 
1862, at Camp Butler. Philip Fay, Joliet; John Galloway, 
Wheatland; John Seeley, Wheatland; Felix Zeigler, Joliet; and 
John W. AValsh, Wheatland, all recruits, joined this command 
in Dec, '63, and Jan., '64; were transferred to the 28th Infantry 
and served until the spring of 1866. 

The One- Hundredth Illinois Infantry (Three years). — Was 
organized by Col. F. A. Bartleson, Aug-ust 30, '62, at Joliet, 
with an aggregate strength of 961 men. Col. Frederick A. 
Bartleson, killed in action at Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 23, 
'65; taken prisoner at Chickamauga and sent to Libby prison. 
Col. Chas. M. Hammond, major; prom, lieut. colonel July 
30, '64; prom, colonel May 11, '65; wounded at Stone river. 
Lieut. Col. Arba N. Waterman, resigned July 20, 'Qb; wounded 
at Chickamauga. Major Eodney S. Bowen, captain Company 
A; prom, major July 20, 1862; wounded at Mission Eidge; 
died December 3, '64, of wounds received in battle of Franklin. 
Major Samuel G. Nelson, 1st lieut. Company H; prom, captain 
November 21, '63; prom, major March 24, '65; wounded at 
Mission Eidge. Adjutant George W. Eouse, private; made 
adjutant at organization of regiment; died August 3 of wounds 
and amputation received September 29, '64, before Atlanta. 
Adjutant Othniel Home, sergeant major Company K; prom. 
1st lieut. December 15, 1863; prom, adjutant August 3, 1864. 
Second-Master Thomas S. Wilson, served faithfully through 
the entire service of regiment; M. 0. June 12, 1865. Surgeon 
Adolphus W. Heise, resigned April 21, 1864; served as brig. 
surg. Surgeon Henry T. Woodruff, assistant surgeon; prom, 
surgeon April 21, '64; M. 0. June 10, '65; taken prisoner in 



206 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

charge of wounded at Crawfish Springs, G-a., September 20, '63. 
Asst. Surg. Elves Harwood, resigned January 22, '63. Chaplain 
Hooper Crews, resigned August 16, '63. Capt. M. N. M. 
Stewart, 1st lieut.; prom, captain July 20, '64; wounded at 
Chickamauga; wounded before Atlanta July 28, '64; M. 0. 
June 12, '65. Jjient. Elisha Gano, 1st sergt. ; prom. 2d lieut. 
January 1, '63; prom. 1st, lieut. July 29, '64; wounded May 
26, 1864. Lieut. Charles F. Mitchell, died January 4, '63, of 
wounds received in battle of Stone river December 31, '62. 
Capt. James G.- Elwood, resigned October 13, '63; served on 
brigade staif as inspector general. Capt. Ethan H. Howard, 
2d lieut,; prom. 1st lieut, February 15, '68; prom, captain 
October 13, '63; resigned November 6, '64; served on brigade 
staff as provost marshal. Capt. Frederick W. Matthews, 
sergt.; prom, 1st lieut. August 16, '64; prom, captain No- 
vember 6, '64; M, 0. June 12, '65; wounded in front of 
Chattanooga and at Kenesaw mountain; also May 30, '64. 
Lieut. Augustus A. Osgood, Aug. 30, '62; resigned Feb. 16, '63; 
wounded at Stone river. Lieut. Major E, Searles, July 24, 1st 
sergt.; prom. 1st lieut. Oct. 13, '63; hon. dis. for wounds at 
battle of Mission Ridge, Oct. 16, '64. Lieut, Henry A. Smith, 
July 24, 1st. sergt,; prom. 1st lieut, Nov. 6, '64; M, 0. June 
12, '65; wounded at Chickamauga three times. Lieut. Daniel D. 
Powles, July 26, sergt.; prom, 2d lieut. Feb. 16, '63; resigned 
August 6, 1863. Capt, Ohas. H. Bacon; resigned January 13; 
'63. Capt. Geo. Bez, 1st lieut, ; prom, captain Jan. 13, '63, 
wounded at Stone river; resigned Oct. 4, '63, Capt. J. S. Mc- 
Donald, 2d lieut,; prom. 1st lieut. Jan, 13, '63; prom, captain 
Oct. 4, '63; resigned May 2, '64; wounded at Stone river. Capt. 
Geo, M. Lynd, 1st sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. Jan. 13, '63; prom. 
1st lieut. Oct, 4, '63; prom, captain May 2, '64; M, 0, June 12, 
'65; sunstruck in battle of Peach Tree Creek July 20, '64, Lieut. 
Augustus Hirsch, August 15, private; promoted corporal, sergt., 
and 1st lieut. May 2, '64; M, 0. June 12, '65. Capt. Albert 
Amsden, August 30; resigned Dec. 18, '62. Capt, John A. Bur- 
rell, August 30, 1st lieut.; prom, captain Dec,- 19, '62; severely 
wounded at Chickamauga; killed May 30, '64, on the Atlanta 
campaign, Capt. Strong R, Moody, Aug, 1, corporal; prom. 
1st lieut, Jan, 31, '64; prom, capt. May 30, '64; M. 0, June 12, 
'65, Lieut, Horatio N, Wicks, August 30, 2d lieut, ; prom. 1st 
lieut, Dec. 19, '62; resigned Jan, 31, '64, Lieut, Samuel Koach, 
August 7, 1st sergt,; prom, 2d lieut, Dec. 19, '62; hon. dis. May 
15, '65; taken prisoner at Chickamauga, Sept, 20, and taken to 
Libby prison, Capt, Wm, W, Bartlett, Aug, 30; resigned Feb. 
22, '64; wounded at Chickamauga. Capt. Anson Patterson, 
Aug, 30, 1st lieut.; prom, captain Feb. 27, '64; wounded at 
Chickamauga. Lieut, Ransom F, Bartlett, Aug, 5, 1st sergt,; 
promoted 2cl lieut. Jan. 21, '63; promoted 1st lieut. Feb. 27, '64. 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 207 

resigned Sept. 23, '64; wounded at Chickamauga. Lieut. John 
Dodge, Aug. 5, sergt. ; prom. 1st lieut, Sept. 23, '64; M. 0. June 
12, '65. Lieut. James K. Letts, Aug. 30; resigned Jan. 33, '63. 
Capt. Eichafd S. McCJlaughry, Aug. 30; resigned July 11, '64; 
wounded at Mission Ridge. Capt. Natlian D. Ingraham, 1st 
lieut.; prom, cajjtain July 11, '64; M. 0. June 12, 'do; detailed 
on staff of Gen. Negly, Lieut. Alfred Hojjkins, private; prom. 
1st sergeant, then 1st lieut. July 11, '64; M June 16, '65. 
Lieut. John M. Powell, resigned Oct, 23, ■'63; 2d lieut. Capt. 
Wm. A. Hunger; M. 0. June 12, 1865; the only original 
captain at M. 0.; served also as brigade commissary. Lieut. 
Julius C. Williams, resigned Oct. 29, '64; served as an aid on 
brigade staff. Lieut. Henry J. Ewen, 2d lieut. ; prom. 1st lieut. 
Oct. 29, '64; M. 0. June 16, '65. Capt. Harlow B. Goddard, 
resigned Nov. 21, '63; Co. H. Capt. Jerry Keniston, corporal; 
prom. 2d lieut. Jan. 16, '63; prom. capt. March 24, '65; taken 
prisoner at Chickamauga, taken to Libby, then to Charleston 
and put under the fire of our forces; exchanged near close of 
the war, and hon. dis. May 15, '65. Lieut. Charles H. Russell, 
sergt.; prom. 1st sergt. then 2d lieut. and 1st lieut. March 24, '65; 
M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Chickamauga and at Kenesaw. 
Lieut. Charles Meacham, resigned Oct. 27, '61; 2d lieut. Co. I. 
Capt. Hozekiah Gardner, lion. dis. August 18, '64; lost right 
leg in Mission Ridge battle Nov. 25, '63. Capt. Simeon D. B. 
Lines, private; prom. 2d lieut. June 13, '63; prom. 1st lieut. 
August 5, '64; prom. capt. August 18, '64; M. 0. June 12, '65; 
wounded at battle of Franklin. Lieut. John H. McConnell, 
resigned Jan. 23, '63; 1st lieut. Lieut. George C. Schoonmaker, 
2d lieut,; prom. 1st lieut. Jan. 23, '63; killed in battle Aug. 5, 
'64. Lieut. Felix Keeley, corporal; prom, sergt., 1st sergt. and 
1st lieut. Aug. 18, '64; M. 0, June 12, '65. Capt. David Kelley, 
resigned Dec. 15, '63. Capt. John A. Kelley, 1st lieut.; prom, 
captain Dec. 15, '63; M. 0. with regiment; wounded at Stone 
river and at Mission Ridge. Lieut. L^ziah Mack, sergeant of 
Company H. ; promoted sergeant-major; promoted 1st lieut. 
Company K, Feb. 5, '65, M. 0. with regiment. Lieut. Morrison 
Worthingham, killed at battle of Stone river, Dec. 31, '62. 
Lieut. Isaac M. DeLine, 1st sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. Jan. 1, '63; 
resigned May 29, '63. Sergt-major William Penn Habbottle, 
discharged March 31, '62, for wounds; wounded at Stone river. 
Sergt. maj. Andrew T. Barce, private Co. G.; prom, sergt. maj.; 
died June 12, '67. Second M. sergt. James A. Farovid. C. 
sergt. Martin Norton, dis. for prom, in 20th HI. Mar. 19, '63. 
C. sergt. Chas. B. Garnsey. Hos. steward 0. P. Stumph, dis. for 
dis. Aug. 30, '64; was taken prisoner Sept. 20, '63 at Chicka- 
mauga and taken to Richmond. Chas. H. Millspaugh, musician. 
Edward F. Burson, musician. 

Compa7iy A. — Samuel W. Goodridge, dis. for dis. Oct. 5, '64; 



208 GENEEAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

served as orderly sergt. of Gen. Wood^s escort. Byron AVarner. 
Chas. V. Morey, dis. for dis; June, '64. Enoch P. "Smith, M. 0. 
June 12, '65 as 1st sergt.; severely wounded at Chickamanga. 
Dennis Lea Hines, M. 0. June 12, '65 as sergt. Wm. 'K. 
Althouse, died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 13, '63. Foster War- 
ner, died at Louisville, Ky., April 12, '63. Francis I. Fisher, 
sergt.; died at Franklin, Tenn., Dec. 12, '64, of wounds and 
prisoner; wounded also at Chickamauga. Wm. L. Haynes, M. 
0. June 12, '65; wounded at Kenesaw June 27, '64. Norman 
Bovee, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Kenesaw June 27, '64, 
Thos. P. Martin, died at Murfreesboro June 17, '63. Francis 
Conroy, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Kenesaw; also near 
Atlanta July 20, '64. W. K. Althouse, died at Nashville, 
Tenn., Jan. 13, '63. Henry L. Ackerman, dis. for dis. Dec. 
15, '63. John H. Althouse, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded se- 
verely at Mission Eidge Nov. 25, '63. Eobert Abel, died at Nash- 
ville, Tenn., Feb. 6, '63. Gilbert Avery, M. 0. June 12, '65, 
as sergt. ; wounded at Rocky Face Ridge. James Brofy, M. 0. 
June 12, '65, as sergt. Roger Brennan, M. 0. June 12, '65, as 
sergt. ; wounded at Chickamauga; leg fractured at Mission Ridge. 
William Bridenstein, died at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 28, '62. 
Martin Bridenstein, died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 19, '62. 
Wm. D. Butler, died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 5, '02. Francis 

A. Butler, dis. for dis. April 6, 64; wounded at Chickamauga. 
Walter Baker, Jr., died at Nashville, Tenn.. Jan. 21, '63. James 

B. Baker, died at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 23, '02. Peter Brodie, 
dis. for dis. Dec. 13, '64; wounded at Chickamauga. Edgar C. 
Buss, dis. for dis. Jail. 16, '64; wounded at Chickamauga. 
David G. Brumley, dis. for dis. Sept. 8, '63. Constant 0. 
Bruechet, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Stone river. Wm. 
P. Burker, dis. for dis. Jan. 17, '64; wounded at Chickamauga. 
Guy M. Beckwith. Henry W. Clark, M. 0. June 12, '65; 
wounded at Chickamauga John L. Cadwell, dis. for dis. March 
24, '63. Daniel Davis, "M. 0. June 25, '65; wounded in front 
of Chattanooga. Alpheus Dyer, dis. for dis. Feb. 1, '63 James 
Dowling, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Stone river and 
Chickamauga. George Dore, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at 
Stone River. Eli H. Doty, M. 0. June 12, '65, as corporal. 
Ebenezer Franklin, dis. Sept. 21, '65. Horace D. Foote. 
Walter S. Griffin, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded June 18, '64. 
Wm. W. Geer, died at Lebanon, Ky., of typhoid fever, Wm. 
Gundy, trans, to Vet. R. corps May 20, '64; wounded at Chick- 
amauga. James Gumley. John Hoy, captured at Chick- 
amauga; died in Andersonville, Oct. 26, '64; No. of grave 
11,506. John S. Haynes, severely wounded at battle of Stone 
river; died Jan. 6, "'63, of his wounds. Robert E. Haughn, 
died at Crab Orchard, Ky., Oct. 24, '62. Wm. Hawley, M. 0. 
June 12, '65; severely wounded at Chickamauga. Irod Hamp- 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY*. 209 

ton, dis. for dis. Nov. 18, '63. Henry Hartman, LeEoy R. 
Jewell, killed at Dallas, Ga., May 30, '64; wounded at Chicka- 
mauga. Alonzo N". Jones, killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, '63; 
wounded at Stone river. Oliver P. Jones, trans, to engineer 
corps Aug. 8, '64. Sohn R. Jones, dis. for dis. Dec. 8, '62. 
Robert Johnson, M. 0. June 12, 'Go, as corporal; wounded at 
Kenesaw June 27. Clias. J. Jukes, M. 0. June 12, '65, as 
musician. Norman P. Kahler, died at Chattanooga, Dec. 16, 
'63, of wounds received at Mission Ridge. John C. Kenney, 
Corp., died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 1, '63; ward master of 
hospital. Henry Kellogg, M. 0. June 12, '65, as corporal; 
wounded at Mission Ridge. Elisha P. Leach. Alexander 
Leach, trans, to V. R. C. Sept. 7, '63. Philip F. Laroche. 
James Murphy, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded July 22, '64, be- 
fore Atlanta. Joseph McConkle, died at Nashville, Tenn., 
Feb. 10, '63. Thomas McQueen, dis. for dis. June 16, '64; 
severely wounded at Chickamauga. Warren S. Noble, M. 0. 
June 12, '65; was captured at Chickamauga, and long time in 
Andersonville and other prisons. Joseph O'Hara, dis. for dis. 
May 8, '63. Charles L. Putnam, dis. for dis. Aug. 3, '63. 
James H. Preston, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Chicka- 
mauga. James Russell, dis. for dis. June 8, '63. George 
Stewart, killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, '63. Edgar Smith. 
Wm. Stuck, died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 3, '63. Frederick 
Swivel. Geo. Strathdee, dis. for dis. Feb. 5, '65; left arm fract- 
ured at Mission Ridge; amputated. Horace J. Severance, 
trans, to V. R. C. Jan. 14, '64. Wm. H. Sutton, died at Silver 
Springs, Tenn., Nov. 17, '62. Svlvester Spencer, dis. Dec. 3, 
'64. John C. Tucker, dis. Dec." 3, '64. Wm. Tracy, died at 
Murfreesboro Mar. 5, '63. John P. Wells, trans, to engineer 
corps Aug. 8, '64. Michael Worthy, trans, to V. R. C. Jan. 5, 
'64; wounded at Stone river. LeRoy S. Williams. Seymour 
Wheeler, dis. for dis. Feb. 3, '63. Geo. Wheeler, M. 0. June 
12, '65; wounded at Kenesaw. Albert B. Wilkens. Bene- 
dict Wenger, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Stone 
river. Horace W. Wordel, dis. for dis. May 25, '63 
Phillip White, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, '63. Elias Yates, 
M. 0. May 19, '63, as corp. ; wounded at Chickamauga. Burnet 
Yates, M. 0. May 19, '63; wounded at Franklin. William 
Yates. William Billings, died at Nashville, Tenn., May 24, '65. 
Charles W. Bryant, trans, to 51st Ills.; M. 0. Sept. 25, '65. 
John Cameron, trans, to 51st His.; M. 0. Sept. 25, '65. Edward 
Lyons. William Russell, claimed by 62d regiment. John R. 
W. Williams, trans, to 57th regt. ; wounded at Franklin. 

Company B. — Lewis Linebarger, dis. April 20, '64; wounded 
at Chickamauga. Hiram H. Harter, killed at Chickamauga, 
Sept. 19, '63. Sinclair Hill. William B. Wilcox. Grover 
Smith. George A. Pierson, M. 0. June 12, '65, as sergt. 



210 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Samuel C. B. Carpenter, dis. for dis. Feb. 25, "63. Justus Stein- 
metz, killed at Cliickamauga, Sept. 19, '63. Julius W. Folke, 
dis for dis. March 5, '63. John Barrett, killed at Chickamauga, 
Sept. 19, '63. William B. Burr, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 
19, '63. Walter Benedict. David Brockway. Elihu B. Com- 
stock, trans, to V. E. C, Nov. 1, '63. Milton J. Cotton, trans, 
to V. R. C, Sept. 16, '63. Edward M. Clark, M. 0. June 13, 
'65; wounded at Nashville. William Cludas, dis. May 11, '63; 
wounded at Stone river. Daniel Caldmer, M. 0. June 12, '65; 
wounded in foot on Atlanta campaign. John J. Chorron, dis. 
for dis. SejDt. 23, '63. Lewis M. Dice, trans, to Eng. corps., 
June 30, '64. Ignatz Dollinger, trans. toT". R. C, Aug. 1, '63. 
John Devlin, dis for dis. Feb. 3, '63. Henry Davis, dis. for dis. 
Feb. 30, '63. John Dunlap. , AVilliam Davis, died at Nashville, 
Tenn., Feb. 15, '63. Marquis D. L. Davis, M. 0. June 13, '65; 
reported captured at Chickamauga. William Day, dis. for dis. 
Feb. 2, '63. William East. Charles J. Frost, dis. for dis. Jan. 
16, '63. Nelson W. Flack, dis. for dis. Oct. 10, '64; in hospital 
at Quincy; was prisoner. John Grannels, dis. for dis. April 18, 
'63. Frank Gardner, dis. for dis. Feb. 2, '63. Peter Gardner, 
dis. for dis. Feb. 2, '63. Jesse T. Grubb, dis. for dis. Jan. 27, 
'63; fingers shot off accidentally. William Grant. Joseph ^Y. 
Harter, dis. for dis, Feb. 28, '63. William Harding. Samuel 
F. Johnston, died in Andersonville prison, Aug. 2, '64; No. of 
grave 5,395 Henry M. Johnston, dis. for dis. Jan. 11, '63. 
Samuel Karriger, dis. for dis. July, '63. Frederick Karriger, 
died at Bowling Green, Ky., Nov. 20, '62. Martin R. King, died 
of wounds received in battle of Franklin, Dec. 12, '64. Andrew 
J. King, M. 0. June 12, '64, as sergt. James Leddy, dis. for 
dis. Feb. 10, '63. Henry L. Law, Jr., M. 0. June 12, '65, as 
corporal. Charles J. Longmire, M. 0. June 12, 65, as corporal. 
Frederick ^Y. Lee, trans, to V. R. C. Nov. 1, '63. Nelson Mill- 
iard, died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 19, '63. Simon Milliard, 
M June 12, '65; wounded on Atlanta campaign. May 31, '64. 
Hannibal G. Marvin. George E. Mclntyre, M. 0. May 30, '65; 
captured at Chickamauga and taken to Andersonville; slightly 
wounded. AVilliam H. Miller, dis. for dis. March 17, '63. John 
Malone, dis. for dis. April 26, '65. George Marshall, died at 
Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 17, '63. Lorenzo Morrison, M. 0. June 
12, '65; wounded at Mission Ridge. Frederick Palmer, M. 0. 
June 12, '65, as. sergt. AVilliam G. Parks, killed at Kenesaw, 
June 27, '64. Hubert Peck, M. 0. June 12, '65. Samuel Rodg- 
ers, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, '63. Stephen J. Rake, 
dis. March 20, '63, for wounds received at Stone river. Francis 
Scheran. John Schall, dis. for dis. Feb. 24, 63. Dennis E. 
Sibley. Charles C. Sampson, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 20, 
'63. HollisH. Sampson, trans, to V. R. C. Jan. 19, '65; reported 
in hospital at Quincy, Aug. 11, '64, wounded. George Schegg, 



GENERAL HISTOKY OF WILL COUNTY. 211 

.died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 15, '63. Daniel C. Spencer, dis. 
for dis. Feb. 24, '63. Edward Spencer, dis. for dis. Feb. 2, '63. 
Phillip Scheer, trans, to V. R. C. Aug. 10, '64; wounded at 
Stone river. Nelson St. George, trans, to V. R. C. Sept. 1, '63. 
Simeon M. Scribner. Andrew Thiel, killed at Stone river, Dec. 
31, '62. Robert Winter, M. 0. June 12, '65; taken prisoner. 
Samuel Weinhold, trans, to V. R. C. ; wounded at Chickamauga. 
John Weise, died at Chattanooga, Oct. 29, '63. Henry Zim- 
merman, died at Chattanooga, Aug 31, '64. 

Com.panii C. — Epenetns R. Bacon, first sergt. ; trans, to 
First U. S.'C. I. as hospital steward, Oct. 30, '63. Ralph W. 
Marshall, discharged sick. Wade H. McFadden, died Jan. 4. 
63, of wounds received in battle of Stone river. Peter M. Stu- 
der, trans, to Inv. corps, Sept. 15, '63. Charles C. Bemis. 
Wallace Shead, discharged. Henry M. Starin, M. 0. May 22, 
'65 as sergt. ; severely wounded at Chickamauga. John Bez, 
killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, '63; sergt. Xewall W. Smith, 
trans, to Inv. corps, Jan. 22, '64. Henry Taylor, trans, to Eng. 
corps, Aug. 8, '64. John H. Dickman, M". 0. May 22, '65. 
Peter Wagner, killed at Stone river Jan. 2, '63. ; in Pion'r corps. 
Benoni L. Abbott, missing at Chickamauga; supposed killed 
Sept. 19, '63. Levi Acker, M. 0. June 12, '65. Plumer Adams, 
M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Mission Ridge. John Anker, 
dis. March 11, '63. Edwin S.Austin, died at Nashville, Tenn., 
Nov. 29, '63. David C. Bell, dis. for dis. Dec. 1, '62. John A. 
Bemis, dis. for dis. Feb. 27, '63. Benjamin Beaver, died at 
Chattanooga, Nov. 7, '63, of wounds received at Chickamauga. 
Theodore Bookman, Jeremiah Boos, trans, to Inv. corps, Sept. 
16, '63. Martin Brinkerholf, died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 7, '63. 
Felix Calkins, M. 0. July 22, 1865; captured in hospital at 
Chickamauga and taken to Andersonville. Albert N. Chamber- 
lin, missing at Chickamauga; supposed killed Sept. 19, '63. 
Harvey W. Chamberlin, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded near 
Atlanta. James B, Clark. Michael Calmer, M. 0. June 12, 
'65, as 1st sergt; wounded below Atlanta. James Connors, dis- 
charged March 4, '63. John H. Connors, died at Nashville, 
Tenn., Jan. 27, '63. Philip AV. Cormany. Henry Corwin. 
Sumners H. Davis, trans, to Inv. corps, Aug. 5, '63. Leonard 
Desburg. John F. Dickman, M. 0. June 12, 65; wounded at 
Mission Ridge. Hubert Diederich. Horatio Doolittle, dis. 
Feb. 14, '63. Theodore Dorkendoff, killed at Chickamauga, 
Sept. 20, '63. Alfred L. Farovid, musician. Martin Fishbau, 
absent; sick at M. 0. of reg't; wounded at Chickamauga and 
before Atlanta, July 20, '64. Gothurd Freehoff, M. 0. June 
12, '65; wounded at Chickamauga. John Hammond, dis. Jan. 
18, '64, as corporal; severely wounded at Chickamauga; lost use 
of leg. Jeremiah Harper, died at Columbus, Ky., Oct. 30, '62. 
Ulrich Heinrichs. John Hopkins, killed at Stone river, Dec. 



212 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

31, 63. Joseph Hopkinson. Gleorge R. Johnson. Henry Hur- 
ley. Thomas Kinary, M. 0. June 12, '65. William Kine, died 
at Wild Cat Hollow, Ky., Oct. 20, 62. William Kenney, trans, 
to Inv. corps, Aug. 5, '63. Christian Lang, M. 0. June 12, '65; 
wounded at Chickamauga. Hiram Gr. Lawrence, M. 0. June 12, 
'65; severely wounded at Kenesaw, June 27, '64. Jacob Marti, 
trans, to Inv. corps, Sept. 16, '63. Daniel Mast, M. 0. June 
12, '65; wounded at Chickamauga. John D. Mathews, M. 0. 
June 12, '65; wounded at Chickamauga. Philip Miller, dis. Feb. 
27_, '63. Theodore Morganweck, M. 0. June 12, '65, as sergt. 
Michael Murphy, color sergt. ; killed at Franklin, Nov. 30, '64; 
wounded at Mission Eidge. Wm. Newbury, M. 0. June 12, '65; 
captured at Chickamauga. Elisha Norton, dis. March 31, '63. 
Thomas P. Parker, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, '63. Wm. 
Peters, M. 0. June 12, '65; taken prisoner at Chickamauga; 
wounded. William L. Poor, corporal; died at Murfreesboro, 
June 27, '63. Lewis A. Prossa, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 
20, '63. Sidney Quick, died at Chicago, April 17, '64. Fred- 
erick Rahm, killed at Stone river, Dec. 31, '62. Henry A. 
Rhodes, dis. for dis. Dec. 1, '62. Walter A. Righter, Pioneer 
corps. Peter Schmitt, M. 0. June 12, 65; wounded at Chicka- 
mauga. Michael Schmitt, M. 0. June 12, '65, as corporal; 
wounded June 18, '62. Eugene R. Sly, M. 0. June 12, '65, as 
corporal; captured at Chickamauga. Henry W. Smith, dis. Nov. 
14, '62. Matthias Snyder, missing at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 
'63; supposed killed. Martin Sonnenberg, trans, to Liv. corps, 
Aug. 5, '63. George Sperry, dis. May 20, '64, for prom, as 2d 
lieutenant in Twenty-second N. Y. cavalry. Christian Staffan, 
dis. March 10, '65. Sidney 0. Standish, M. 0. June 12, '65; 
bruised May 9, '64, Orrin N. Stinberge, dis. May 8, '63. Mar- 
cus M. Taylor, died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 8, 62. Justin 
Taylor, M. 0. June 12, '65, as sergt; wounded June 10, '64. 
Anthony Wagner, dis. Feb. 23, '63. William Wardle. John 
Webber, dis. April 25, '65. Augustus W. Welchlein, M. 0. 
June 12 '65; taken prisoner at Franklin; wounded at Chicamau- 
ga. Joseph Zeller, color sergt.; dis. Aug. 25, '64, as sergeant; 
severely wounded at Chickamauga. Elisha Basset, died at Nash- 
ville, Tenn., Feb. 1, '63. Anson Dodge, M. 0. June 12, '65, 
as corporal. Nathan Dunn, trans, to Fifty-first In.; M. 0. 
Sept. 5, '65. John Dieder, trans, to Fifty-first In.; M. 0. 
Sept. 11, '65. Marvin J. Fisher, trans, to Fifty-first In.; M. 
0. Sept. 25, '65; corporal. Daniel Higgins, trans, to Fifty-first 
In.; M. 0. Sept. 25, '65. Henry Karch, killed at Chickamauga, 
Sept. 19, '63. Myron N. Marshall. Michael Sullivan, dis. 
Sept. 12, '65; wounded at Stone river. William R. Vorce, 
trans, to Inv. corps, Jan. 9, '64. Daniel Zinnel, M. 0. June 
12, '65; wounded May 10, '64. 

Company D. — Josiah Burdick, dis. Jan. 15, '63. William 



GENEEAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 213 

H. Cain, trans, to V. E. C, April 6, ^64; made capt. therein. 
John W. Taylor, trans, to Sig. corps, March 19, '64; wounded 
at Stone river. Wm. Bently. John Fellows, sergt. ; dis. for dis. ; 
wounded at Stone river and at Chickamauga. Franklin G. Bach- 
us, sergt.; trans, to V. E. C; wounded at Chickamauga. Wm. 
McElhose, M. 0. June 12, '65, as sergt. James Grass, died at 
Lebanon, Ky., Nov. 7, '62. Nelson D. Platts, sergt.; died at 
Chattanooga, Sept. 16, '64; wounded July 22, before Atlanta; 
.left leg amputated. George A. Lang, M. 0. as sergt., June 12, 
'65. Alfred Carter, died at Nashville, Tenn., March 15, '63; 
wounded at Stone river. Lorenzo E. Hill, died at Lebanon, 
Ky., Nov. 5, '62. James Ta\lor, dis. Feb. 15, '63. Major ^Y. 
Stoddard.* Charles Aman, trans, to V. E. C, May 31, '64; 
wounded at Chickamauga. Ephraim Anglemire, M. 0. June 12, 
'65; wounded at Stone river. Charles E. Aulsbrook, M. 0. 
July 22, '65; taken prisoner at battle of Franklin. Thomas 
Bossen, trans, to Eng. corps, July 30, '64, Eufus H. Bolton, 
captured a^ Chickamauga; died in Andersonville, Sept. 4, '64; 
No. grave, 11,794. Frederick W. Boyd, M. 0. July 22, '65, 
prisoner of war, James Boots, M. 0, June 24, '65, prisoner of 
war; captured at Calhoun and taken to Andersonville, Mathew 
Boots, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Franklin. George W. 
Buffum, trans, to A"et. E. corjos. Lewis Burdick. Elisha 
Brown, M. 0. June 12, '65, as 1st sergt. ; wounded at Kene- 
saw, Chickamauga and Franklin. David Campbell, dis. for dis. 
November 29, '64; in hospital at Quincy. Amarsa C. Carter, 
M. 0, June 12, '65; wounded at Chickamauga. Samuel Collier. 
Frederick Collier, Joseph Countryman, M, 0. June 12, 1865; 
wounded at Chickamauga, and on Atlanta' campaign, July 4, 
1864. Wm. J. Croach. George W, Dake, corporal; died in 
Andersonville, July 31, 1864; No, grave 8,628; captured at Chick- 
amauga. Wm. C. Dayton. Daniel Darr, M. 0, June 12, 1865, 
as corporal. Washington Dunkle. Wm. E. Dundore; killed 
near Atlanta, July 22, 1864. James F. Farnsworth. Samuel 
Fentryman, died at Franklin; prisoner of war. Jacob Fellows, 
died at Louisville, Ky., December 13, 1863. Henry Foss. Mad- 
ison Funk. Albert A. Funk. George C, Flanders, died at 
Bowling Green, Ky,, November 27, 1862, Charles W. Geist, 
trans, to V. E, C, May 31, 1864. Franklin A. L. Geist, died at 
Louisville, Ky., December 24, 1862. Eoswell Hartong, died at 
Chattanooga, October 29, 1863; wounded at Chickamauga. Brad- 
ford Heath. George W. Hess, fife major; killed at Stone river 
December 31, 1862. Frank E. Hills, M. 0. June 12, 1865; 
wounded at battle of Franklin. George W. Hill, M. 0. June 
24, 1865; prisoner of war; captured at Chickamauga. Edward 
T. Hyland, dis. March 6, 1863, for wounds received at Stone 
river. Louden C. Jacobs, M. 0. June 12, 1865; wounded at 
Chickamauga. Charles Johnson, sick and fell behind and never 
14 



21-1 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

heard of. Andrew W. Johnson, M. 0. June 12, 1865, as sergt. ; 
slightly wounded May 30, 18G4. Oscar D. Keeler, M. 0. June 
12, 1805, as sergt.; wounded June 22, near Kenesaw mountain. 
George Kimes (or Kines), dis July 9, 1864, for wounds rec'd 
at Mission Ridge; wounded also at Chickamauga — leg fractured. 
John C. Lang, M. 0. June 12, 1865; wounded before Atlanta, 
July 22. Christ Lookentary, dis. May 7, 1865, for wounds rec'd 
at Chickamauga. John Lyman, captured at Chickamauga; died 
in Andersonville July 31, "^1864; No. grave, 8,196. Pat Martin, 
died at Shell Mound, Tenn., Sept. 9, 1863; wounded at Stone 
river. William Miles. Geo. R. McClester, trans, to Eng. corps 
July 30, 1864. Robert McElhose, corporal; trans, to V. R. C. 
April 6, 1864. Anson Parks, corporal; trans, to V. R. C. Freder- 
ick R. Pelcher, dis. for dis. April 10, 1863. Peter Peterson, dis. 
April 2, 1864, for wounds; wounded at Chickamauga. Joseph 
Piatt, died at Nashville, May 1, 1863. James Piatt, M. 0. July 
22, 1865; captured at Franklin. John Randerson. Hiram 
Rathbun, died at Nashville, January 9, 1863. John M. Roberts. 
James Sala. Peter H. Saylor. Samuel Shutt, M. 0. June 12, 
1865; wounded at Mission Ridge. Daniel Spivy, dis. for dis. 
Nov. 1, 1862. Abner Skinner, dis. for dis. Jan. 17, 1863. Conrad 
Svbring. Tiberius C. Tavlor. Albert 0. Tyler, trans, to V. R. C. 
April 28, 1864. Hubbard Tyler, died at Nashville, Tenn., No- 
vember 22, 1862. George Yandervoort, died at Gallatin, Tenn., 
January 20, 1863. William H. Vedder. Edwin S. Woods, dis. 
for dis. April 20, 1863. James Conway, dis. for dis. May 7, 1864; 
wounded; lost an eye before Atlanta. Alexander C. Scott, 
trans, to Fifty-first reg't. James B. Scott, trans, to Fifty-first 
regiment; M. 'O. June 22, 1865; slightly wounded May 30, 1864. 
Company E. — Absalom L. Edgeworth, dis. June 3, 1863. 
Miles R. Bird. Jacob L. Bowers, dis. for dis. May 7, 1863. 
Stephen M. Spafford, sergt; killed at Chickamauga, September 
19, 1863. Otis S. Skinner, corporal; dis. November 17, 1863 
Van L. Perkins, died September 30, 1863, of wounds received 
September 19, at Chickamauga. Daniel Linebarger, killed at 
Chickamauga, September 19, 1863. Charles P. Spencer, killed 
at Chickamauga September 19, 1863. Horace Webster, died at 
Nashville, Tenn., January 26, 1863. John Cossitt, M. 0. June 
12, 1865, as sergeant. Fred'k A. Cleveland, dis. May 24, 
1865. Royal S. Perry, dis. February 3, 1863. Azeriah 
L. Smith, dis. February 5, 1863. John Baumgartner, M. 0. 
June 12, 1865; wounded at Kenesaw June 27, 1864. Elijah 
Bassett, trans, to Co. C. AVm. W. Brace, trans, to V. R. C. 
March 13, 1865; wounded at Chickamauga. George R. Blair. 
Frederick W. Bevin, trans, to Eng. corps June 30, 1864. Henry 
Bridge, trans, to V. R. C. April 6, 1862. Stephen E. Bowen, 
trans, to Eng. corps June 30, 1864. Lorenzo D. Bovee, dis, 
July 22, 1863. Henry Boyd, died at Chattanooga August 2, 



GENERAL HISTOEY OF WILL COUNTY. 215 

1864. Charles H. Cleveland, dis. May 29, 1864. Peter W. M. 
Chilson. Benj. F. Cahoon, dis. May 29, 1863. John Conklin. 
Elkanah Daily. Griles Dixon, Jr., killed at Chickamauga Sep- 
tember 19, 1863. Anson Dodge, trans, to Co. C. ; captured at 
Chickamauga. George A. Fabrick, trans, to V. R. C. April 6, 
1864; wounded at Chickamauga. Andrew J. Fries, dis. April, 
1864; lost an arm at Chickamauga. Stephen Gascoigne, M. 0. 
June 12,1865; wounded in battle of Franklin. Mathew B. Glenn, 
dis. February 6, 1863. John W. Goodenough, dis. December 
31, 1863. Adoniram Goff. Mahlon W. Harrington, dis. Feb- 
ruary 18, 1864; severely wounded at Chickamauga. Charles K. 
Johnson, trans, to V. R. C. April 6, 1864. Henry J. Karch, 
trans, to Co. C. Wm. R. Kennedy, trans, to Fifty-first Illinois; 
wounded at Mission Ridge; M. 0. September 25, 1865. Otis 
W. Kennedy, died at Murfreesboro June 3, 1863. Isaac H. 
Kenney, trans, to Inv. corps September 15, 1863. Andrew J. 
Kenney, died at Gallatin, Tenn., December 24, 1862. Stephen 
C. Kenney, died at Nashville, Tenn., July 7, 1863. Henry 
Law, dis. January 23, 1863. John Leasure, dis. April 16, 1863. 
Alvin Leonard, died at Silver Springs, Tenn., November 17, 
1862. John Marples, M. 0. June 12, 1865; wounded at 
Chickamauga. Myron N. Marshall, transferred to Company C. 
Thomas E. Merwin, died at Nashville, Tenn., July 3, •'63; 
wounded at Stone river. Richard Miller, died at Nashville, 
Dec. 21, '62. John McDonald, trans, to gunboat Jan. 30, '63; 
wounded at Stone river. Patrick McHugh, M. 0. June 12, '65; 
taken prisoner at Chickamauga and taken to Belle Isle, Sals- 
bury. James McCune, died at Chattanooga, of wounds received 
at Chickamauga. Michael Navil, dis. Feb. 6, '63. Frederick 
Otto. Oliver Paul, M. 0. June 12, '65, as sergt. Samuel Pat- 
ten, dis. Dec. 22, 62. Harrison Patterson, dis. Jan. 16, '63; 
thumb shot off. George Pickel, M. 0. June 24, '65, as corp. ; 
captured at Chickamauga and taken to Andersonville. John 
Rants, dis. April 1, '63. Erastus H. Reed. Henry H. Rowe. 
Thomas Ruckman. John Russell. John Shreffler. Aaron 
Shreffler, dis. June 7, '65. Charles Styles, killed at Lovejoy's 
Station, Ga., Sept. 5, '64. Richard F. Smith, trans, to V. *R. 
C. March 13, '65; wounded at Chickamauga. Hollis A. Smith, 
trans, to 51st regt.; M. 0. Sept. 25, '65. Wilton J. Smith, 
killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, '63. Henry Stolder, died at 
Murfreesboro, Jan. 22, '63; wounded at Stone river. William 
Temple, wounded at Chickamauga. George T. Sutleif, trans, 
to Inv. corps, Nov. 17, '63. George Temple. Henry Unruh, 
died at Bowling Green, Ky., Nov. 16, '62. Sylvester D. Un- 
ruh, died at Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 11, '62. Oliver A. Vorce, 
dis. May 4, '63. Amos Wilcox, trans, to Inv. corps, July 1, '63. 
Thomas A. Wilkes. Maxwell B, Young. Chesner Leasure, 
died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 23, '63. William Redd, died at 



216 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Bridgeport, Ala., Dec. 22, '63, of wounds received at Chicka- 
mauga. 

Company F. — James H. Sisson, dis. for dis. Feb. 4, '63. 
Andrew J. Kettering, trans, to V. R. C. Sept. 26, '63. Den- 
nis Curran, dis. for dis. Jan. 6, '63. Jefferson Harrington, 
died at Palos, 111., April 4, '63. William D. Breckenridge, 
trans, to 51st; M. 0. Sept, 25, '65. William H. Jackson. 
Amos M. Shaw, M. 0. June 24, '65, as sergt. ; missing at Frank- 
lin. James Gleeson, M. 0. June 12, '65; woniided at Chicka- 
mauga. Elisha H. Myrick, color guard. George Andres, died 
at Murfreesboro, Tenn., June 5, '63. Eeuel C. Reed, M. 0. 
June 12, '65. James G-. Blount, died at Nashville, Tenn., 
Dec 12,1862. William Bouton, died at Glasgow, Ky., Nov. 

11, 1862. James B. Austin, dis. Jan. 31, 1865. Henry Bauch- 
man. John M. Bandle. George Bandle. John Bartie, died 
at Chattanooga, Nov. 28, '63, of wounds received at Mission 
Ridge. James Beagley, absent; sick at M. 0.; never heard of; 
missing. Thorp. Beagley. William J. Bently, dis. for dis. 
Feb. 25, '63. Robert Brodie, died at Murfreesboro, April 20, 
'63. AVilliam Briggs, trans, to 51st 111. : M. 0. Sept. 25, '65. 
George Brandeau, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Franklin, 
slightly. May 26, '64. Paul Brandeau, died at Franklin, Dec. 

12, '64, of wounds. Nelson J. Bush, dis. for dis. March 3, '63. 
Walter A. Bushnell, dis. for dis. Jan. 28, '63. Mark Burroughs, 
dis. for dis. May 12, '63. George W. Bundy, dis. for dis. March 
4, '63. Timothy F. Bliss, dis. for dis. Dec. 28, '63. Peter 
Blesh, dis. for dis. April 12, '65; wounded below Atlanta, Sept. 
4, '64. Sidney S. Campbell, fate unknown; prisoner of war; 
captured at Chickamauga. Michael Calahan, M. 0. June 3, 
'65; wounded at Mission Ridge; captured at Peach Tree creek, 
July 20, '64. Lewis Decker, trans, to V. R. C. Patrick Dunn, 
M. 0. June 12, '65. Felix Durres, killed at Chickamauga, 
Sept. 19, '63. Daniel L. Fish, dis. for dis. March 8, '63. Ed- 
ward Flannery, dis. for dis. May 22, '64; wounded at Chicka- 
mauga. Charles H. Green, M. 0. June 12, '65, as sergt. ; re- 
ported missing at Chickamauga. George Grange, M. 0. June 
12, '65, as 1st sergt. ; wounded at Chickamauga. Martin Har- 
raman. George A. Honestock. Jonas W. Ingraham. Francis M. 
Jackson, M. 0. June 12, 65, as corporal. Alexander E. Jenks, 
M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded May 15, '64. Henry Johnson, 
dis. for dis. Feb. 16, '63. John Kanlel, lost at Louisville. 
Frederick Klea. Aaron Legg, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn, 
Feb. 23, '63. Albert Legg, M. 0. June 12, '65, as corporal. 
William Leister, trans, to Vet. R. C. April 28, '64. Joseph 
Martin, died at Nashville, Dec. 12, '62. Hiram S. Mason. Al- 
mervin J. Mason, dis. for dis. Oct. 10, '64, as corporal. Will- 
iam Mahaffey, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 9, '63 Lo- 
renzo D. Mason, died at Nashville, Dec. 2, '62. James Ma- 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 217 

haffey, dis. for dis. Jan. 27, '63. John Mallen, dis. for wounds 
June 9, '64; wounded at Chickamauga. Andrew McCord, M. 
0. June 27, 65, as corporal; wounded at battle of Franklin. 
John Q. A. McClaughry, dis. for dis, Dec. 14, '62. Mathew 
McClaughry, dis. for" dis. Oct. 15, '63. Robert Medworth, M. 
0. May 30, '65; wounded at Kenesaw Mountain, June 27, '64. 
Edgar H. Mitchell, died at Evansville, Ind., Nov. 13, '62. 
John Pangborn, trans, to Eng. corps. Mark Pettijohn, died 
at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 16, '63. ^Michael Powers, M. 0. 
June 12, '65; wounded May 10, '64. John Sappen, dis. for dis. 
March 19, '65. Patrick Scanlan, killed at Chickamauga Sept. 
19, '63. William Sippel, dis. for dis. May 12, '65. George 
Simpson, dis. for wounds, Jan. 15, '64; wounded at Chicka- 
mauga. Selah Spaulding, dis. April 9, '65, for wounds; 
wounded at Stone river. Adam Staker, dis. for dis. April 2, 
'64. Anson Sutphen, died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 3, '63. 
John N. Taylor, dis. for dis. Feb. 1, '63. Samuel I. Treat, 
drummer, dis. for dis. April 10, '63; wounded at Stone river. 
George W. Underwood, dis. for dis. Janaury 27, 1863. Jacob 
Warner, M. 0. June 12, 1865, as corporal. Charles Weber. 
Jacob Zweifel, dis. for dis. March 8, '63. Albert Zweifel, died 
at Nashville, Tennessee, February 28, '63. Rodney A. Brown, 
M. 0. June 12, '65, as sergt. Warren Bessee, M. 0. June 12, 
'65, as corporal. Robert P. C. Brown, died at Murfreesboro', 
April 18, '63. Joseph Butcher, wounded at Chickamauga; died 
at Nashville, Tennessee, January 9, '65, of wounds received in 
battle of Nashville. William W. Case. John J. Campbell, died 
at Nashville, Tennessee, February 16, '63. James Heather- 
wick. Myron Heath, trans, to eng. corps. Phineas McLaugh- 
lin. William Millard. Isaac Mason, trans, to 51st 111. Ed- 
ward C. Peaks. Wm. Potter, trans, to 51st 111. J. H. Russel. 
Riley Ritchey, died at Cave City, Kentucky, November 5, '62. 
Charles Sego, trans, to 51st I11.;"M. 0. September 25, '65. Ed- 
ward Townsend, died at Nashville, Tennessee, December 16, 
'63. Henry Webster, M. 0. June 12, '65 as corp. Augustus 
Wadsworth, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Stone river. 
Robert White, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded June 27, '64. John 
Young. 

Company G. — Thomas Bleber, 1st sergt. ; killed at Kenesaw 
Mountain, June 27, '64. Augustus H. Howk, trans, to V. R. C. 
September 26, 1863; Benjamin F. Gridley, died at Nashville, 
Tennessee, November 26, '62. John Shoemaker, died at Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, February 14, '63. George W. Holmes, sergt.; 
killed at Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia, May 10, '64; on roll of 
honor: George W. Tucker, dis. June 17, '64, for wounds; se- 
verely wounded at Chickamauga. Joseph A. Porter, dis. Au- 
gust 24, '63. James J. Harley, missing; supposed killed Sep- 
tember 20, '63, at Chickamauga. Henry E. Adams, M. 0. June 



218 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

12, ^65, as sergt. Erastus E. Hubbard. George Price, killed 
at Chickamauga, September 19, '63. Henry D. Winslow, dis. 
for dis. February 27, '63. Frank Adams, M. 0. June 21, ''65; 
wounded at Chickamauga. Augustus F. H. Ashley, M. O.- 
June 21, '65. John C. Batterman, M. 0. May 19, '65; severely 
wounded at Chickamauga; leg broken. William Bunker. Moses 
Barse, dis. for dis. March 27. '63. Thomas J. Burgess, dis. for 
dis. March 27, '63. John W. Brandau, M. 0. June 12, '65; 
re-enlisted in the regular army, and died at Little Rock. James 
F. Barse, dis. for dis. March 9, '63. Mathew Bush, killed at 
Chickamauga, September 19, '63. Simeon Barse, M. 0. June 
12, '65; wounded at Chickamauga. Joshua Bush, M. 0. June 
12, '65; wounded at the battle of Franklin. Joseph Bossom. 
Barney Carr, dis. for dis. August 13, '63. James Chapman, 
died at Nashville, Tennessee, February 2, '63. Ira H. Chap- 
man, died at Nashville, Tennessee, June 2, '65; wounded at 
Chickamauga, Mission Ridge and before Atlanta. Enoch Dodge, 
Avounded at Chickamauga. Albert Deal, killed at Chickamauga, 
September 19, '63. George Davison, dis. for dis. June 29, '63. 
Amos Dodge, trans, to pioneer corps. Edward Dennis, dis. for 
dis. May 27, '65. Peter Drout, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded 
before Atlanta. Abram R. Darling, abs. ; sick at M. 0. ; wounded 
May 15, '64. George Everhart, M. 0. June 24, '65; taken pris- 
oner at Franklin. Joseph Fishburn, dis. July 21, '64. John 
Fridley, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded June 18, '64, on Atlanta 
campaign. Joseph Greenlee, died at Nashville, Tennessee, De- 
cember 15, '64. Edward Goodenow, M, 0. June 12, '65; slightly 
wounded on Mission Ridge. Decatur H. Goodenow, abs. ; sick 
at M. 0. ; wounded at Chickamauga. Edward Holmes. Haman 
Harder, M. 0. June 12, '65; musician. James H. Ingersoll, 
died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 20, '63. A. A. Ingersoll, trans. 
to pioneer corps. John P. Jones, was prisoner. Wm. Johnston, 
1st sergt.; abs.; sick at M. 0.; accidentally shot at Louisville, 
and wounded at Franklin. James M. Johnson, M. 0. June 12, 
'65. Edward Labumbard, died at Gallatin, Tennessee, January 
19, '63. Joseph Labarson, trans, to vet. res. corps, January 9, 
'65. Francis Lafayette, abs.; sick at M. 0.; wounded; lost left 
arm at Chickamauga. Hiram Leonard, Robert Moat, trans, to 
vet. res. corps. Alexander Moat, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded 
and captured at Chickamauga. Ellery B. Mitchell, died at 
Nashville, Tennessee, December 3, '62. John C. Mason, abs. ; 
sick at M. 0. ; wounded at Kenesaw, June 27, '64. John Mc- 
Donald, dis. for dis. June 27, '63. Charles A. Nash, trans, to 
vet. res. corps, September 26, '63. Clinton C. Phillips. Orson 
D. Phillips, M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded June 1, on Atlanta 
campaign. William Pickard, died at Bowling Green, Ken- 
tucky, November 24, '62. Alfred Penery, M. 0. June 12, '65; 
wounded and captured at battle of Franklin. John J. Pierson, 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 219 

died at Murfreesboro', Tennessee, March 9, '65. Jeptha Pier- 
son, trans, to vet. res. corps, April 6, 'G4; severely wounded at 
Chickamanga. James Ricker, M. 0. June 13, '65, wounded at 
Mission Ridge. Jacob Roderick. Charles H. Snoad, M. 0. 
June 12, '65, as corp. ; wounded and captured at Chickamanga. 
William C. Stage, dis. for dis. May 26, '65. Edward P. Savage, 
dis. for dis. February 10, '63. William C. Shoemaker, dis. for 
dis. February 8, '63. Samuel Spangler, dis. November 17, '64, 
for wounds; wounded June 27, '64. Nelson N. Smith, M. 0; 
June 12, '65. Daniel Sullivan, dis. for dis. May 6, '64. Joseph 
Therin, trans, to vet. res. corps, March 13, '65; slightly wound- 
ed on Mission Ridge. George Weston. Perry Whitmore. Reu- 
ben Warwick, dis; for dis. June 23, '63. Edwin J. AVhite, died 
at Gallatin, Tennessee, February 1, '63. John A, Wagner, M. 
0. June 12, '65. Gotleib Weidemere, corp,; killed at Chicka- 
manga, September 13, '63; color sergeant, promoted for good 
conduct; Almon E, AVilder. Abias Whitmore, Henry A. Den- 
nis, mustered out June 12, 1865, as sergeant R. T. Greenlee. 
William B, Hunt, absent; sick at M. 0; severely wounded at 
Chickamauga, Thomas Price, M. 0, June 12, '65; severely 
wounded at Chickamauga, Cyrus C, Pearson and John Russell, 
M, 0, June 12, '65, as sergeant; severely wounded at Chicka- 
mauga, and at Kenesaw mountain, Frederick Rowley, died at 
Gallatin, Tenn., Dec. 26, '62, Ransom M, Smith, absent: sick 
at M. 0; wounded at Kenesaw, June 25, '65. AVilliam Shaw, 
M. 0. June 12, '65; severely Avounded at Chickamauga; 
wounded June 18, '64, on Atlanta campaign. Lewis L.'^Var- 
ren, M. 0, June 12, '65; severely wounded at Chickamauga. 
George H, White, corporal; dis. for dis, February 8, '63; died 
soon after. Lawrence Young. 

Company H. — James H. Sedgwick, trans, to 51st 111, ; M. 0. 
June 12, '65. William B. Connor, M, 0, June 12, '65, as 1st 
sergt; wounded at Chickamauga. Joel C. Xorton, trans, to 
Liv. corps, June 15, '64, John S, Cotton, captured at Chicka- 
mauga, taken to Andersonville, and died August 30, '64. 
Grave 6,091. George S, Church. Hezekiali B. Nichols; M. 
0, June 12, '65, as sergeant. Milton F. Hand; dis, George 
C. Merrill, discharged March 20, '63, John Robbins, :\[. 0, 
June 12, '65; was taken prisoner at La Vergne; paroled, John 
Albright, dis, June 11, '(J4, wounded at Chickamauga, James 
Ataway, dis. February 25, '63, Joseph Albright, John Barr, 
corporal; trans, to Inv, corps, July 31, '63, James Barr, M. 
0. June 12, '65, as corporal; wounded at Mission Ridge and 
at Kenesaw, Henry Benson, died at Chattanooga, November 
27, '63, of wounds received at Mission Ridge, Henry H. Clark, 
M. 0, September 8, '65; wounded on Atlanta Campaign; two 
fingers amputated. John K. Conner, dis. March 24, '64. 
James S. Connor, M, 0, June 12, '65; Bruised in side, June 



220 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

18, ^54. William Curtis. Loiigimanus C. Dye, trans, to Inv. 
corps, August 1, ^63. Henry De Theille, died at Murfreesboro, 
January 14, '63. Thomas De Water, dis. March 24, '63. 
James T. Douglas, absent; sick at M. 0.; wounded June 22, 
'64, on Atlanta campaign. Henry Doncaster, killed at Mission 
Eidge, November 25, '63. Peter H. Dacey, died at Chatta- 
nooga, August 13, '64, of wounds received June 12. Arm 
amputated. James P. Elwell. John Gent, dis. April 28, '63. 
Corporal; wounded at Stone river. James G-authrop, died at 
Gallatin, Tenn., January 23, '63. George Greenwood, trans, 
to Y. E. C. May 16, '64. William Gauthrop. Amos Gauthrop, 
died at Nashville, Tenn., November 27, '62. Barnett W. Her- 
ringer, M. 0. June 12, '65; severely wounded at Chickamauga. 
Alvah Hoyt, missing at battle of Franklin, November 30, '64. 
Conrad Haller, trans, to Y. E. C. May 16, '64. Isaac S. Jenks, 
dis. March 24, '64; severely wounded at Chickamauga. Henry 
C, King, M. 0. June 12, '65, as corporal; severely wounded 
at Chickamauga. Alexander King, "SI. 0. June 12, '65; 
wounded at Kenesaw, June 27, '64. John T. Kidd, dis. June 
13, '63. James T. Ladieu, captured at Chickamauga, taken to 
Andersonville, and died August 18, '64; grave 7,299, Leverett 
M. Lyon, killed at Chickamauga, September 19, '63. William 
C. Morse, dis. November 1, '64; severely wounded at Chicka- 
mauga. Jacob Mader. trans, to Eng. corps, August 18, '64. 
George W. Murry, M. 0. June 24, '64; taken pris. at Frank- 
lin; severelv wounded at Chickamauga; wounded in foot, 
June 18, '64. Stephen P. Matlier, M. 0. June 12, '65, as 
wagoner. William E. Moore, M. 0. June 12, '65, as sergt.; 
wounded at Stone river. Derastus T. Moore, died at Nash- 
ville, Tenn., December 17, '63; severely wounded at Chicka- 
mauga. Andrew J. McBein, trans, to Y. E. C. November 1, 
'63. William E. Osman, Jr., M. 0, June 12, '65, as black- 
smith. Eansom B. Phillips, dis. March 12, '73, as sergeant. 
Ira B. Bobbins, dis. February 5, '63. Josei^h Eobbinson, died 
at Nashville, Tenn., December 16, '63. James D. Eusscll, dis. 
March 27, '63. John Sarver, killed at Kenesaw mountain, 
June 27, '64. John Shoemaker, dis. April 2, '64; wounded 
at Stone river; accidentally wounded at Ilillsboro, August 2, 
'63. William Strunk, M. 0. June 12, '65, as corporal; wound- 
ed at Chickamauga. James A. Swindler. Christian Suttee, M. 
0. June 12, '62. William E. Temple, absent; sick at M. 0. 
severely wounded at Chickamauga, September 19. Ira Temple, 
captured; died in Andersonville, June 9, '64; grave No. 
1,825. Washington H. Thomas, M. 0. June 12, ^65; severely 
wounded at Chickamauga. James H. Tichenor, M. 0. May 
29, '65. Henry P. Tobia's, trans, to Eng. corps, August 18, '64. 
Ahas Young, killed at Chickamauga, September 19, '63. 
Charles E. Young, trans, to Eng. Corps, September 1, '63; 



GENEEAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 221 

taken prisoner December 6, '62. George Barron, dis. January 
12, ^63. 

Company /.-^Frank I. Goss, died at Wesley, Ills., May 3, 
'64. Delevan Fuller. John Ward, dis. Feb. 3, '63. William 
Hicks, died at Jeffersonville, Ind., Feb. IG, '65. Charles 
Hurley, died at Xashvillc, Tenn., July 2, 'Go. John Hays, 
sergt. ; wounded at Chickamauga; died of wounds received 
at Peach Tree Creek, July 20, ^64. Charles H. Paris, trans. 
to V. E. C. Oct. 29, ^63'. George W. Conkle, trans, to V. 
E. C. Aug. 5, '63. James C. Johnson; dis. Feb. 3, '63, as 
sergt. Charles Cooper; M. 0. June 12, '6o, as 1st sergt.; 
wounded at Mission Eidge. Peter Coons; died at Xashville, 
Tenn., July 12, '63. Timothy Desmond. Lester D. Aid- 
rich. Simon B. Aldrich. Samuel Aspinwall; killed at Kene- 
saw, June 20, '64; also wounded at Chickamauga. John 
J. Augustine; captured at Chickamauga; died in Anderson- 
ville, Sept. 6, '64; grave No. 8,046. Henry H, Brown. 
Jonathan L. Brown; dis. Sept. 14, '63. Calderwood Burns; 
dis. March 13, '63. John H. Butler; M. 0. June 12, '65; 
wounded at Chickamauga. Isaac Case; dis. Feb. 4, '63. Levi 
A. Carter; absent;- sick at M. 0. Cyrus Coons. Daniel 
Coons. John Corcoran; dis. April 29, '63. Charles W. Craw- 
ford; dis. Dec. 15, '63. Freeman Darling; corp. ; trans, to 
Fifty-first regt. ; M. 0. June 12, '65. John J. Decker; died at 
Crawford Springs, Ga., Sept. 3, '63. Owen Evans; M. O.sJune 
12, '65; capt. at Chickamauga and taken to Anderson ville. 
Michael Fineran; dis. May 8, '64. John E. Gardner; M. 0. 
June 12, '65, as sergt. William Grudgings; died at Nashville, 
Tenn., Dec. 15, '62. Lafayette Hartz; M. 0. June 12, '65; 
musician. George Hudson; M. 0. June 12, '65: as sergt.; 
slightly wounded June 22, '64. George Irish; killed at Chicka- 
mauga Sept. 19, '63. W. E. Jones; died at Danville, Va., Feb. 
6, '64; prisoner; capt. at Chickamauga. Eobert N. Jones; died 
at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 2, '63. Alvis Kastner; M. 0. June 
12, '65; taken prisoner at Franklin. Francis P. Kelly: killed 
at Chickamauga Sept. 19, '63. John Klegner, or Keigner; 
died at Wilmington, Ills., Nov. 3, '62. James Kinney; M. 0. 
June 12, '65; wounded at Mission Eidge. John Krouskup; 
dis. Sept. 19, '63. James Laird; died at Nashville Nov. 29, 
'62. William Lee. Charles Martin, trans, to V. E. C. Sept. 
3, '63. John Mahony; trans, to Fifty-first Ills.; wounded at 
Chickamauga. Alonzo McCourtey. James McDonald; trans, 
to V. E. C. Jan. 16, ^64. Michael McGee. John Mclnto.h; 
died at_ Nashville Feb. 26, '63. Thomas Miller. Erie F. Mor- 
gan; dis. Oct. 31, '62; musician. Henry C. Nobles; ca]>t. at 
Chickamauga; died at Wilmington, N". C:, March 5, '65. John 
O'Keef; trans, to Fifty-first regt.; M. 0. Sept. 25, '65. Jere- 
miah O'Leary; dis. May 8, '64; severely wounded at Chicka- 



222 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

mauga. Henry Parkinson; M. 0. June 12, '65. Henry H. 
Phelps, trans, to Eng. corps Aug. 16, '64. Seneca Randall;; 
M. 0. June 12, '65, as corp. Levi C. Price, died of wounds 
received at Chickamauga. John Robson, caj'jt. ; absent; sick 
at M. 0. Thomas Ptobson, died Aug. 23, '64. John Shenk. 
Charles Smith. Dennis Smith, M. 0. June 10, '65; wounded 
at Stone River. Warner Smith, trans, to Eug. corps. Aug 
16, '64. Harvoy Spicer, dis. March 9, '63. Frederick Stines, 
M. 0. June 12, 65, as corp. James Story, trans, to V. R. C. 
Jan. 16, '65. William Stonerock, severely wounded at Chicka- 
mauga. John Stuck. Martin L. Taylor. Thomas Tetlow, 
trans, to V. R. C. James Tidball, dis. May 7, '64; w'ounded 
at Stone River. John Wade, dis. Feb. 1, '63. James Ward,. 
trans, to V. R. C. Sept. 30, '63. James Wise, dis. June 13, 
'63. J. F. Wilenow, dis. July 2, '63. Charles Wood, trans, 
to V. R. C. Jan. 16, '64. Samuel Wright, dis. Feb. 3, '63. 
William Wallis, dis. March 25, '65. 

Company K. — James N. Shannon, M. 0. May 22, '65, as 1st 
sergt. Victor G. Putnam, dis. March 26, '65. Marvin C. 
Harriden, dis. Jan. 9, '63. Edward S. Miner, killed at 
Chickamauga, Sept. 19, '63. Benjamin F. Long, died at 
Louisville, Ky., Jan. 23, '63. Albert E. Devereaux, died at 
Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 19. '63. Henry W. Morfort, killed at 
Chickamauga, Sept. 19, '63. Abner J. Perington; dis. for dis. 
April 10, '65; wounded at Chickamauga. Benjamin F. Bowen, 
trans, to V. R. C. Jan. 5, '63. Alfred D. Andrews, dis. March 
24, '63. John Davis, dis. July 21, '63. Philip Bolander- 
sergt.; died at Quincy, Ills., March 29. '65. George H. 
Adkins, killed at Stone River, Jan. 2, '63. Walter Braden; 
dis. March 27, "63. Jonathan D. Blanchard, died at Nashville, 
Tenn., Feb. 21, '63. Richard L. Barr; died at Bowling Green, 
Ky., Nov. 13, '63. William Bailey; dis. Feb. 19, '63; died in 
April following. Warren H. Brown; M. 0. June 12. '65. 
Newton L. Brown; trans, to V. R. C. Aug. 1, '63. Orson 
Churchill; died at Nashville, Tenn., April 5, '64. James P. 
Coplantz; trans, to V. R. C. Jan. 28, '65; wounded at Peach 
Tree Creek, July 20, '64. Meriden W. Davis; accidentally 
killed by falling of a tree, Jan. 28, '63. Amos B. Davis; killed 
at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, '63. David C. Elderkin; missing; 
wounded at Stone River. Charles W. Foard; absent; sick at 
M. 0. Cromwell Farwell; died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 5,. 
'63. John Fitzpatrick; accidentally killed by falling of tree, 
Jan. 28, '63. Francis Gouland; trans, to English corps Aug. 
8, '64. John Green; dis. Feb. 14, '63; enlisted first in Michi- 
gan Fusileers. Giles L. Greenman; killed at Stone River, Dec. 
31, '62. Francis Green; M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at 
Chickamauga, and at Franklin. Albert Hardy. Samuel Hara- 
don; M. 0. June 12, '65; wounded at Stone River. Charles 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 22S 

Haradon; dis. Feb, 21, ^63. Noel Haradon; trans, to V. E, C. 
Aug. 1, ^63; wounded at Stone River. Simon Haradon; dis. 
April 18, '63. Albert Haradon; died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 
1, '63. Eli Haradon; dis. April 10, '63; severely wounded at 
Stone River, Dec. 31, '62. Charles B. Hudson. Benjamin 
Herpsberger; absent; sick at M. 0. J. W. Heart; died at 
Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 10, '63. Andrew Johnson; trans, to V. 
R. 0. Aug. 1, '63. William M. King; M. 0. June 12, '65, as 
musician; capt. at Chickamauga, and taken to Andersonville. 
Thomas McGuire; missing. AVilliam Munday; dis. for dis. 
May 26, '65; wounded at Stone River, and at Chickamauga. 
John B. Mory; killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, '63. George 
McCanna; absent; sick at M. 0. Adams P. Morse; dis. April 
3, '63; died soon after. Elisha McGoveny. Theodore Noble. 
James Nolen. William Overnan; dis. Aug. 29, '63. Alfred 
Pile; dis. Jan. 26, '63. Ephraim E. Page; absent; sick at M. 
0. Calvin Quackenbos; dis. Jan. 30, '63; wounded at Stone 
River. Erastus Rudd; wonnded at Stone River; capt, at Chicka- 
mauga; died in Andersonville, Sept. 2, '64; grave No. 306. 
Alonzo Reed, wounded at Mission Ridge; M. 0. June 12, '65, 
as sergeant. Henry C. Rudsill. James H. Randall. Memutt 
C. Snyder, wounded at Chickamauga; M. 0. June 12, '65. Seth 
Sergent, discharged Feb. 2, '63. Joseph Sloan, leg broken at 
Chickamauga; dis. Feb. 18, '65, Lisle Tanner. Chris AVilham, 
M. 0. June 12, '65, as sergt, Richard Winslow, transferred to 
engineers, June 30, '64. Denis White, wounded near Kenesuw 
mountain June 15, '64; dis. in '65. John AVard, corporal; trans- 
ferred to vet. res. July 1, '63. Newton World, died at Nash- 
ville, Tenn., Feb. 24, '63. 

In the foregoing record the names of men wlio served until 
muster out, in June, 1865, are given without further historical 
notice. Men promoted, discharged for disability, transferred, 
wounded or killed have the full record. 

The One Hundredth Hlinois Infantry was mustered out at 
Chicago, July 1, 1865. On July 2, the survivors of the com- 
mand were received by the City of Joliet, and on the 4th took 
part in the union picnic. Samuel K. Casey presided over this 
festival. Each township was represented by a vice-president. 
The declaration was read by Denis E. Sibley, of this regiment; 
the oration delivered by T. L. Breckenridge, while Major 
S. G. Nelson of this command and Major Daniel O'Connor, 
of the Ninetieth Illinois Infantry were marshals of the day. 

One Hundred andFourtli Infantry. — AVas organized August 
27, 1862. In this command were Sidney V. Arnold, of Lock- 
port, enlisted August 15, 1862, as corporal. Company A, com. 
1st lieut. Sept. 29, '64, and served until M. 0. June 6, '65 
Amos Ferguson, of Joliet, a recruit of Sept. 22, '64, was M. 0. 
June 6, '65. 



224 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

One Hundred and Fifth iTifantry. — Organized Sept 2, ^62, 
had seven Will county soldiers', viz.: Geo. W. Beggs, Plainfield 
2d asst. surgeon; prom. Ist asst. surgeon June 2, '64; M. 0. 
June 7, '65. Geo. Brown, Dupage, entered as private, prom. 
sergt. ; next 2d lieut. June 7, '65, and M. 0. same day. Henry 
Meyers and David Cry, of Wheatland, served from Aug '62 to 
June 7, '65 Eobert H. Strong, Dupage, served until June, '65. 
Lorenzo Pratt, of Wheatland, and 0. G. Smith, of Dupage, 
were dis. for dis. in '63. 

One Hundred and Eleventh Hlinois Infantry. — Organized 
Sept. 18, '62, claimed Fred. Haven, of Greengarden; trans, to 
48th inf. and M. 0. Aug. 15, '65. 

Oyie Hundred and Thirteenth Infantry. — Organized Oct. 1, 
'62, had Daniel Ferguson of Channahon, 1st lieut.; prom. 2d 
lieut. Oct. 1, '(j'Z; lost a legat Arkansas Post in Jan., '63; prom. 
1st lieut. in Jan., '63, and dis. hon. Sept. 3, '63. Alex Fer- 
guson, of Channahon, a recruit of Aug., '62; dis. June 14, '63, 
for prom, as capt. of a colored regiment, at Memphis; Edwin 
0. Kichards, of Crete, died at Young's Point, March 15, '63; 
Thomas C. Ledyard, of C*hannahon, died at Vicksburg, July, 
25, '63; Fred Barto, Joseph H. Holmes, Crete; John B. Gos- 
iain, Joliet, and Nelson A. Ward, Joliet, were mustered out in 
1865. 

One Hundred and Fifteenth Infantry. — Organized Sept. 13, 
'62, had one Will county representative, viz.: Isaac Pixley, of 
Monee, trans, to 21st Inf. and M. 0. Dec. 16, '65. 

One Hundred and Twenty fourth Illinois Infa.ntry. — Or- 
ganized September 10, 1862, contained the following soldiers 
from Wheatland, Will county: John Fairweather, dis. Aug. 14, 
'63, for prom, in 1st U. S. C. H. Art. Jacob L. Lantz, private, 
trans, to V. E. C. Oct. 24, '63. Abram Matter, dis. for dis. Sept. 
11, '63. Neil McGlaughlin, M. 0. Aug. 15, '65. Job H. Yaggey, 
M. 0. Aug. 15, '65, as corporal. Oscar Burnham, recruit, dis. 
Aug. 31, '63. John Eidston, recruit, died of wounds May 18, 
'63. Alphonso Eice, Co. H., killed at Champion Hills, May 
16, '63. 

One Hundred and Twenty-seventh Illinois Infantry. — Or- 
ganized September 5, 1862, contained the following named AVill 
county soldiers: Paul Cross, Co. A., of Wheatland; enlisted 
Aug. 9, '62; dis. Feb. 12, '63. The following were the soldiers 
from Frankfort: George Booth, trans, to 128th regt. Jacob 
Baker, M. 0. June 5, '(jo. Henry Briihl, dis. for dis. Jan. 28, 
'64; wounded in taking a battery at Champion Hills. Thomas 
Caffrey, died on steamer E. C. Wood Aug. 18, '63. Charles 
Davidson, M. 0. June 5, '65, as sergt. 

One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Illinois Infantry. — Or- 
ganized September 8, 1862, for three years' service, had the fol- 
lowing Will county men: Andrew J. Crapsey, of Plain- 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUKTY. 225 

fields was promoted lieut. col. of regt. John Cann, dis. Feb. 
11, 'Go, for wounds. Eobert C. Lore, M. 0. June 8, ^05. 
Henry A. Lewis, absent wounded at M. 0. Frederick Kundt,. 
died at Chattanooga Sept. 10, '64. Frank Eusher, trans, to 
16th 111. Inf., organized July 8, '65. 

One Hundred and Thirty-second Illinois Infantry (100 
days). — Was organized June 1, -1864. Among the troops were: 
L. B. Parsons, sergt., AVheatland; H. W. Young, Jacob Sen- 
cenbaugh, Levi D. Clay, John A. Forsyth, Ed. E. Wood, John 
H. Wregley, Samuel Fry, Wm. II. Grimwood, A. 0. Rathburn, 
N. W^. Ransom, B. Franklin Tobias, Geo. AV. Tobias, John 1. 
Tobias, all of Plainfield; Geo. Converse, AVm. Johnson, Lewis 
Rowe and W. S. Sly, of Lockport; Chancey I. Deebridge, 
Francis AV. Edgerly and Henry I. Hawes, of Crete, and Hiram 
Dice, of Joliet. They enlisted in May and were mustered out 
in October, 1864. 

One Hundred and Thirty -fourth Illinois Infantry (100 
days). — Organized May 31, 1864, claimed the following AA'ill 
county troops served, until Oct. 25, 1864: AVillis Danforth, sur- 
geon; David Butler, Co. E, private; Geo. AV. Partelow, Co. F; 
John A. AA'yatt, Co. F; John Finney, Co. K, corporal; C. Ma- 
thews, private. Co. K; Jos. S. Steven. 

One Hundred and Thirty-eighth Ulinois Infantry (100 
days). — AA^as organized June 21, 1864. The following named 
volunteers from AVill county served until Oct. 14, 1864, when 
the command was mustered out: Samuel Coll, 1st lieut. Co. 
F; Erastus AV. Willard, 1st lieut. Co. G; Leo Shaffer, wagoner; 
Christ. Blumenshine, private; Julius F. Folk, Edwin Goodwin, 
Henry Kurkump, Edward Lyon, Griffin Marshall, Edward 
Mauzey, Joseph Moore, Joseph Powles, Chas. Watson, George 
Wyatt, Jacob B. AVorthingham, Chas. Wilson, Thomas Conley, 
sergt.; John AVorthy, Wm. Shink, corporal; Michael Fletcher, 
Thomas S. Mcintosh, AVarren C. Atkins, private; Heinrich 
Beckman, Peter Stewart, Darwin Slater, Frank Shoemaker, 
Robert Scott, John Doran, Daniel F. Doran, John Gavican, 
Piatt Greattrax, Joseph Harrep, Jeremiah Mahoney, Wm. M. 
Morrison, Lewis J. Monteith, Henry N. Roberts, Ruf as Spurr, 
all of AVilmington, served in Co. G. Chas. AVatson, George 
Wyatt, and Chas. Wilson were discharged Sept. 1, 1864, to re- 
enlist. 

One Hundred and Forty-sixth Illinois Infantry (One year). — 
Organized Sept. 20, 1864, with 1,056 men, among whom were 
the following named troops: Fletcher D. Wood, quarter mas- 
ter; Philip Smith, 1st lieut. Co. I; George W. AVoodhouse, 
quarter master sergt.; Dexter S. Holden, private; Martin B. 
Hate, Co. D; James Allen, corp., Co. K; Francis Allen, -pri- 
vate; James A. Burnett, John Jones, Dennis Keef, John Mal- 
comb. This command was mustered out in July, 1865. 



226 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

One Hundred and Forty -seventh Illinois Infantry (One 
year). — Was organized Feb. 18, 1865, with the following named 
soldiers from Will county: Matthew W. Boland, capt. ; M. 0. 
Jan. 24, 186G. Stephen Cramer, Co. D; M. 0. Jan. 20, 1866. 
Henry Jennings, M. 0. Jan. 20, 1866. Alfred Shoad, M. 0. 
Jan. 20, 1866. David Schneider, died at Nashville, Tenn., May 
31, 1865. Abraham Van Riper, M. 0. May 15, 1865. George 
Wav, M. 0. Jan. 20, 1866. William L. Seyler, Co. F; died at 
Eesacca, Ga., June 8, 1865. Alex. Taylor, Co. G; M. 0. July 

29, 1865. Daniel Sullivan, Co. K; died at Dalton, Ga., May 

30, 1865. 

One Hundred and Fifty-third Illinois Infantry (One year). — 
Was organized Feb. 27, 1865, and served until Sept., 1865. 
Among the troops of this command were: — Lt. Ledger Bailey, 
Caleb M. Connor, and John W. Grey of Wilmington; W. H. 
Connor, Frederick Kramer, and Eph. C. Shigley of New Lenox; 
Chas. C. Cross of Peotone; John T. Ryan of Plainfield: Wat- 
son A. Cleveland, Frank Farnsworth, Thomson Ivers, Wardell 
M. Leffler, Wm. Leffler, Jasper Mettler, and Wm. H. Mettler 
of Frankfort. 

One Hundred and Fifty-sixth Illinois Infantry. — Organized 
March 9, 1865, for one yearns service, was mustered out in Sept., 
1865. Among the troops were the following named Will Co. 
men: Wm. Rex, Wm. C. Lynn, Eugene LaFontain, Peter 
Noah, Wm. S. Beale of New Lenox; John Lynch, Wm. A. 
Hill, Martin Hill, John Hill, Jacob A. Miller, Henry Mast, of 
Washington; John L. Horton, J. B. Van Riper, Charles Brad- 
shaw, Thos. Conklin, Timothy Hicks, Manley Hicks, Edward 
Whitmore, all of Channahon; Daniel J. Wilson, Alvin J. Cox, 
Jonas M. Jones, Wm. M. Moody, Daniel C. Swanck, of Plain- 
field; Albert Andre, Sam. S. Beales, Henry Goodspeed, John 
Wainright, of Peotone; John M, Burton, Geo. Wainright, of 
Jackson; Geo. M. Fates, Dupage; James Hagan, Dupage; 
David Ganshart and Fred. Schmidt, Wheatland; and Wm. 
Williams, Wilmington. 

One Hundred and Ninetieth Infantry. — Wm. Bailey, died at 
Joliet, April 4, 1863. 

3Iiscellaneous Military Organizations. — The following named 
Will county soldiers served for various terms in the commands 
before which their names appear: Ingalls Fairburu, 18th U. S. 
inf.; George Taylor, 18th U. S. inf.; Nathaniel Cotton, 3d 
Mich, inf.; George Mulliken, 20th Ind. inf.; R H. Christ, 
Ind. inf. ; Martin Hanley, 9th Mich. inf. ; George Dyer, capt. 
U. S. Missouri; Albert T. Randall, 1st colored cav. ; S. Stead- 
man, 1st colored cav.; N. D. Dyer, 29th Missouri inf.; Edwin 
Brown, served on sloop of war; John Hay, Tremont Hussars; 
G. B. Swarthout, 8th Mo. inf., killed at Ft. Donaldson; George 
N. Marshall, 4th Mich, cav., died in Andersonville; Homer 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 22? 

Atkins, 4th Mich, cav., died at Nashville; E. S. Bliss, Asst. 
Sur. U. S, A., died in service; John C. Outtan, U. S. gunboat, 
Mississippi; George R. Dyer, 2d master at Pilot Knob; Alex. 
Mcintosh, 2d master, 3d div., 17 A. C; Philip Filer, paymaster 
TJ. S. A.; R. S. Reed, contract surgeon at Paducah; Wm. Fer- 
guson, U. S. Art., died Dec. 10, 1862; Crawford McConnell, 16th 
Kansas cav.; Harmon F. Nicholson, major 12th Mich, inf.; 
Frank H. Harmon, hospital steward, 12th Mich, inf.; Francis 
Hebert, 19th Wis. inf., wounded; Geo. AV. Sisson, Dubuque, 
la. art.; Virgil Peck, 21st Wis. inf., prisoner; W. F. Brightman, 
26th Mich, inf.; Robert Bennett and D. F. Mason, U. S. M., 
Porter's squadron; Geo. J. Wagner, 1st U. S. cav., wounded at 
Culpepper, died at home. In the 4th Missouri cav. were — C. B. 
Pratt, Eden Reed, Geo. Webb, Adam Wagner, Joseph H. Car- 
rier. In the 29th Mo. cav. were — Geo. Dyer, Wilbur Bradley, 
Joseph Carey, W. F. Hayes, Geo. Getter and E. H. Perry. 

Second Army Corps. — In this corps were the following 
named soldiers from AYill county: Horace R. Colby, Chas. 
Josenhaus, Hugh McGrath, Chas. Woods, Jul. Worcester, 
Asahel S. Davis, Francis Stary, Wm. Fleming, Thos. B. Parker, 
Dan'l Monroe, Lewis Shibe, John G. Fox, John Eder, Michael 
Meyer, John Preston, Henry Haman, John Hetzer, Charles 
Black, John Zirwis, Jacob Stoneman, John McGlauchy, William 
Leonard, Francis M. Boyd, Francis Simmo, Westly J. Gibbs, 
Peter Hess, Patrick C. Burk, Hamden S. Cottel, Mathew A. 
Gaffney. Commands Unknown. — James N. George, died July 
16, 1873; Chas. A. Jackson, died June 18, 1870, from disease 
contracted in the service, and Geo. E. Hutchins, died from 
wounds received during service. 

Unassigned Recruits and Drafted Men. — The following list 
of unassigned recruits and drafted men is made up of enlist- 
ments between September, 1864, and April, 18G5, wath the ex- 
ception of seven men who joined the army in 1863. These were 
mustered out of service in September and October, 1865: 
Wm. McNew, Wm. Busk, Chas. Melvin, James Calahan, 
Henry Raymond, Noah W. Calhoun, George Smith, George Day, 
George W. Schenck, Thomas Granshay, Harry Stone, Sam'l B. 
Gates, George Taylor, Stephen Jones, James Wilcox, Duncan 
M. Miller, of the 8th Cavalry; John French, Otto Malence, 
James 'K. Martin, Sam'l Smith, of the 9th Cavalry; John 
Hayes, Edward Rafferty, of the 10th Cavalry; Wm. McDermott, 
Patrick Monagin, Joseph 0. Merrin, John Simonds, of the 11th 
Cavalry; Robt. J. Davis, Andrew J. King, James Kinney, John 
W. Legg, John Meyer, of the 12th Cavalry; Jas. W. Beard, 
Nicholas Kisar, Jacob Schummon, of the 13th Cavalry; Thos. 
Higgins, James Jackson, Dan'l O'Hara, of the 15th Cavalry; 
Jeremiah Williams, James Barton, August Bod, Patrick Jones, 
John Madden, Patrick Maliet, James O'Neil, James Smith, 



228 GENERAL HISTOEY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Henry A. Thornton, John Weaver, all of the 17th cavalry; 
John Anderson, P. A. A. Bartra, Sam'l J. Frearson, Patrick 
Johnson, Chas. McCarty, George Metze, William Merrill, James 
Simons, all of the 1st Artillery; John Ailen, Wm. Archer, Wm. 
Anderson, John Brady, Sam'l B. Colby, Mitchell Dullard, 
John B. Myette, James Moore, John Moore, Jas. N. Nicholson, 
Duke Simpson, Magher Simpson, Alfred Wilson, Chas. V. 
Smith, Wm, Smith, all of the 2d Artillery; George Healy, 
Ralf E. Stevens, 40th regiment; Solomon Ropp, Jno. Cava- 
nangh, James Waters, all of the42d regiment; Ter. McDonald, 
43d regiment; Joseph Backer, 44th regiment; George Adams, 
49th regiment; Wm. Burke, Wm. Edwards, John L. Hale, 
Patrick Laughlin, Francis Landuct, John Malony, George Wil- 
son, George Williams, all of the 53d Illinois infantry; Henry 
Patrick, 54th regiment; Ed. Golden, 58th regiment; S. F. 
Davenport, 59th regiment; Hanibal P. Jay, Jas. Thompson, 
John Welch, Jasper Sanders, Thos. Manley, James H. Owen, 
Robt. E. O'Brien, all of 62d Illinois infantry; Geo. Brown, 66th 
regiment; Thos. Cooper, 88th regiment; Geo. L. Sawyer, 91st 
regiment; Tim. Baden, Barney Carr, Henry Farr, John Long, 
John Little, John Moore, Philip Nolan, Philip Brown, John 
Ryan, ,Jas. Robinson, Wm. Sterling, Edw'd Waters, all of the 
idOth Illinois infantry; Chas. Dodge, 103d regiment; Geo. Smith, 
Chas. Vam, Wm. Shotal, Geo. D. Caton, Geo. M. Clark, Rich- 
ard Farrell, Thos. Hickling, Patrick Langin, Wm. McManus, 
Geo. Palmer, Thos. Sheldon, Edward Watton, W. R. AVright, 
all of 2d calvary; Pat. McGanley, Francis Moran, N. D. Nichols; 
John Riley, Chas. A. Corwin, Hiram Cadwell, James Donahue, 
John Freeland, Robert Moore, all of the 4th cavalry; G. W. 
Montgomery, 7th regiment; Benj. F. Clark, Fred. A. Grupe, 
Geo. H. Henderson, John Powis, all of the 8th regiment; L. D. 
Peyton, 11th regiment; John H. Wiley, 14th regiment; Jas. 
Johnson, 15th regiment; Christ Bacher, Wm. Cortias, Jacob 
Lehman, John E. Long, John H. Pierie, Wm. Perkins, Fred- 
erick Rotze, Wm. M. Shires, Christ Vikend, Charles Walker, 
all of the 20th Illinois infantry; Thos. Casey, Isaac Hogan, 
23d regiment; Duke Dickerson, 30th regiment; Jno. H. Howe, 
34th regiment; John Axford, Chas. E. Baker, Robert Donald- 
son, Michael McNary, Ameziah Allen, John Graham, William 
Rood, Michael Smith, all of 36th regiment; W. F. Mattoon, 
38th regiment; James Bond, Caleb Machmer, John Noxon, 
Albert Perkins, John Smith, John Graham, all of 39th regt. 

CAVALRY ORGANIZATTON-. 

Second Illinois Cavalry. — Was organized in June, 18G1, at 
Bloomington, with 1,861 men. Wm. A. Meyers, a recruit of 
December, 1863, served in this command. He was transferred 
on consolidation and mustered out in August, 1865. 



GENERAL HSSTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 229 

Third Illiiiois Cavalry Consolidated. — In Sept., 1865, had the 
following Will county representation until mustered out in 
October, 1865: Clark Howe. Wm. E. Hartwell, died at Eastport, 
Miss., May 5, '65. Eichard or Joseph Myers. Marcellus 
Wells. Wim. H. West. Wm. Scott. Henry Scott. Wm. A. 
Johnson. George T. Johnson, drowned Aug. 11, '65. Joseph 
W. Johnson. David W. Scott. Joseph A. Sulson, died at 
Eastport, Miss., May 3, '65. Charles Berger, died at Ft. Snel- 
ling, Miss., June 23, '65. Henry Keaker. Geo. W. Ingersoll. 
Isaiah Baukum. Lorenzo Mathews, Co. K. 

Fourth {Dichey's) Cavalry. — Organized September 30, 1861, 
mustered out November, 1864, claimed the following named 
soldiers from Will county: John H. Felter, resigned Aug. 8, 
'63; capt. Co. D. Iba W. Smith, 1st sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. 
April 24, '62; prom. capt. Aug. 8, '62; trans, to Co. E con.; 
trans, to Co. M, 12th Cav. con.; resigned Dec. 1, '65. Sacia F. 
Taylor, 1st sergt. Co. D; prom. 1st lieut. Mar. 15, '64; trans, to 
Co. D con.; trans, to Co. M, 12th Cav. consol.; M. 0. May 29, 
'66; wounded. Eli C. Sheafer, resigned April 24, '62; 2d lieut. 
Co. D. Orin Moon, prom, sergt.-maj.; M. 0. for prom, as lieut. 
in 6th U. S. Col. Art. Thos. W. Ferree. Fredk. K. Walker, 
vet. prom. 1st sergt.; trans, to Co. E. con.; trans, to. Co. M, 
12th Cav.; Q. M. S. Solon S. Mead, trans, to E. con.; trans, 
to M, 12th Cav.; Mead was a recruit of Dec, '63. Bernard V. 
Mead, vet., trans, to E; con.; trans, to M, 12th con.; M. 0. 
sergt. Wm. Cheney, M. 0. Xov. 31, '64. Charles Belfield, dis. 
for dis. April 20, '62. John S. Burns, died at Mound City, 
Mar. 10, 62. Marion Cooper, trans, to D con.; was prisoner of 
war and wounded. Columbus Hatch, dis. for dis. Sept. 30, '62. 
Chandler Heath, vet., trans, to D con. As. Corp. John Massey, 
M. 0. Nov. 3, '64; As. Corp.; was prisoner; James S. Matthews, 
23rom. Corp.; prom. 2d lieut. in 1st Miss. Cav.; prom. 1st lieut.; 
served on staff of General Osband, and as provost marshal of 
freedmen; Chas. Matthews, discharged for disability July 5, '62. 
Eobert Paxon. Ervin Eyan, trans, to D; con. Jonas Seely, 
M. 0. Nov. 3, '64, 1st sergt. George N. Smith, trans, to D; 
con.; com. sergt.; was prisoner of war. John Stark, M. 0. 
July 17, '65; was pris. John Weaver, died while prisoner at 
Eichmond. Jacob Hines. trans, to D; con.; and to 12th Cav.; 
M. 0. May 29, '66. William Cowdry, dis. for dis. April 5, '62, 
Q. M. Sergt. George Sayer. M. 0, Nov. 3, '64; wounded, lost 
an eye by accident. Philip Wolfsberger, prom, in 1st Miss. Cav. 
Barney S. Briggs, sergt.; prom, major in 6th Tenn. Cav.; 
wounded at Shiloh. Emmer S. Mclnter, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64, as 
sergeant. Hiram B. Kenninston, dis. for dis. June 18, '62. 
William Hyland, sergt. ; prom. capt. in 1st Miss, colored cav. 
William F. Hills, trans, to C; M. 0. Nov, 3, '64. William 
Gamil, dis, for dis, Jan, 18, '62. Benjamin F. Meetch, M. 0. 
15 



230 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

!N'ov. 3, '64, as sergeant. John Ames. Frank Calais, corp. ; 
dis. for prom, in 1st Miss, colored cav. Oct. 9, '62; M. 0. Aug., 
'65; wounded near Oxford. John Shaw, dis. for dis. July 13, 
'62. James McGregor, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64; saddler. Philip 
Maas, vet.; trans, to E; con.; trans, to M., 12th cav.; M. 0. 
May 29, '66, blagksmith. Frank H. Avery, trans, to C; M. 0. 
Nov. 3, '64. John Avery, trans, to 0; M. 0. Nov. 3, '64, 
as sergeant; captured at Collierville, Miss. John Arnold, dis. 
for dis. Aug. 1, '64; enlisted in C. M. battery. Henry E. 
xibrams, trans, to 0; M. 0. Nov. 3, '64, as sergeant. Henry E. 
Benner, trans, to C; M. 0. Nov. 3, '64, as sergeant; captured 
near Colliersville. John Brinkman, dis. in '62. Zeno C. 
Brown, trans, to K; dis. for dis. Sept. 20, '62. Eeuben B. Baer, 
dis. for dis. June 18, '62; became lieut.-col. of some regiment. 
Daniel L. Beebe, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64, as sergeant. Wilson G-. 
Carr, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64, as sergeant. Albert A. Carr, dis. for 
dis. April 28, '62; wounded at Shiloh. Henry Crawford, dis. 
for dis. April 28, '62; wounded at Shiloh. James Davidson, 
M. 0. July 17, '65, as sergt.; was prisoner. John E. Downer, 
dis. for dis. April 28, '62. David H. Decker, dis. for dis. 
April 28, '62. Jacob Deahl, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64; wounded. 
Enos P. Dodge, died at Bolivar, Tenn., Aug. 14, '62, of wounds; 
wounded in skirmish. Andrew Emery, sergt. ; prom, in 1st Miss. 
colored cav. ; wounded three times. Moses P. Everett, M. 0. 
Nov. 3, '64. James Eib, trans, to C; M. 0. Nov. 3, '64. John 
0. Felker, dis. for dis. April 28, '62. Henry Gauthrop, M. 0. 
Nov. 3, '64, as corp. William Grant. John E. Gay, M. 0. 
Nov. 3, '64, as corp; wounded twice. Gilbert Green, dis. for dis. 
Apr. 5, 62. Owen Hart, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64, wounded. John Her- 
ald, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64, wounded. Leland Hall, prom, in 1st 
Miss, colored cav. Thomas Hartless, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64. Sam- 
uel S. Hunt. Simeon G. Kenniston, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64; 
wounded. William Kassabaum, dis. for dis. April 28, '62. 
Henry Kraft, dis. for dis. April 28, '62; died of dis. contracted 
in service. Michael Kelly, dis. to enter naval service; wounded 
in N, S. A. Lish, died at Vicksburg, Feb. 11, '64. Edward 
C. Matthews, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64. John Matthews, M. 0. Nov. 
3, 64. Edward Matthews, dis. for dis. Aug. 18, '62. Edgar 
Melvin, died at Savannah, Tenn., March 21, '62. John K. 
Mather, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64; absent, wounded. William McDer- 
mett, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64. Michael Maloy, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64; 
wounded tv/ice. Francis Marigold, dis. for dis. June 5, '63. 
James I. Mather, dis. for dis. June 24, '63; wounded at Shi- 
loh. Eeuben Mather, died at Vicksburg, Aug. 3, '63. Joseph 
H. Nichols, dis. for dis. Aug. 18, '62. Michael O'Harra, M. 
0. Nov. 16, '64; was prisoner. Joseph O'Herrin, M. 0. Jan. 
9, '65; was prisoner, Andrew G. Potter, trans, to C; M. 0. 
Nov. 3, '64. Charles H. Pearsons, dis. for dis. April 28, '62. 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 231 

Joseph Payfair. William H. Kutlierforth, M. 0. Nov. 3. 64, 
as sergt. James S. Eichter, M. 0. Nov. 3, ^64, as corporal; was 
prisoner and escaped. John W. Eichter, M. 0. Nov. 3, ^64, as 
corporal; wounded. Moses S. Eeynolds, dis. to enter naval serv- 
ice. Joseph E. Eandall, sergt.; prom, in 1st Miss. col. cav. 
lieut., and prom, captain. Oscar T. Eandall, M. 0. Nov. 3, 
"64, as 1st sergt. ; wounded Dec. '63. David S. Eobbins, dis. 
for dis. June 18, '62. Andrew Stoker, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64. Au- 
gust Shulz, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64. Paul Staley, dis. to enter 
naval service; wounded in N. S., and died. James Springer. 
Charles M. Snyder, M. 0. Nov. 3, '64; wounded. Wesley Sey- 
bert, dis. for dis. Jane 8, '62. William St. George, M. 0. No- 
vember 3, '64. William Sondameyer, vet.; trans, to E; con.; 
trans, to Co. M, 12th cav.; M. 0. May 29, 'G6. Thomas Shell, 
M. 0. Nov. 3, '64, as corporal. Orville H. Woodworth, M. 0. 
Nov. 3, 64, as corporal, John G. Wadsworth, M. 0. Nov. 3, 
'64, as corporal. John Wright, dis. to enter naval service. 

The recruits of 1862-63-64 were: Curtis E. Beal, trans, to 
E, con; corporal; died at Memphis, June 3, '65. John C. 
Bachus, dis. for dis. Oct. 29, '62. Henry B, Clark, trans to Co. 
E, con.; trans, to M, 12th cav.; M. 0. April 4, '66; prisoner 
in Texas for seventeen and one half months. Henry A. Craw- 
ford, trans, to Co. E, con. ; trans, to M, 12th cav. Gerhard Dah- 
lem, trans, to E, con.; made corporal; dis. for dis. May 21, '65. 
David H. Decker, trans to E, con.; corporal; trans, to M, 12th 
cav. ; M. 0. Oct. 17, '65. Eoyal Daily, trans, to E, con. ; M. 0. June 
15, '65. Abraham Hillman, trans, to E, con. ; M. 0. June 15, '65. 
Newton McNealy, trans, to D, con.; M. 0. June 15, '65. John 
McPherson, trans to E, con. ; trans, to M, 12th cav, ; M. 0. May 29, 
'66, as sergt. Seward H. Pettingill, prom, in 1st Miss, colored 
cav. ; died in service. John Webber, trans, to E, con. ; M. 0. 
June 15, '65. Daniel Webber. James Near, Co. E; trans, to 
F; died at Eandolph Forges, Tenn., Feb, 22, '62, Orison S. 
Baldwin, G, dis. for dis. Oct. 10, 64. Daniel D. Eyan, Co. L; 
M. 0. Nov. 3; '64, as corporal. 

Consolidated Eegiment. — Thomas J. Bu'ntain, trans, to G, 
12th cav. ; M. 0. Oct. 11, '65. Charles A. Corwin, returned to 
45th regiment. Lorenzo Baker, sub.; M. 0. June 15, '65. 
Charles S, Baker, sub, ; M. 0. June 15, '65. James Eooney, 
M. 0. June 15, '65. J. C. Greenman, M. 0. June 15, 65. 
Charles Haker. Ananias Brown. John Schmidt. David Barr. 
Frank Butterfield. Charles Stafford. The iive last named 
were transferred to 12th cavalry in June and October, 1865. 

Sixth Illinois Cavalry, organized during the winter of '61-2 
by Col. Thomas H. Cavenaugh, had the following named Will 
county soldiers: James A. Kennepp, Joel D. Gardner, Cyrus J. 
Garrett, Thos. J. Kennepp, J. P. Pickering, Abija Pickering, 
all of Monee, and James L. Eouse of Green Garden. They 



232 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

were recruited in March, ^65, to serve until Nov., ^G5. G-arrett 
died at Nashville, Tenn., July 9, '65, and Thos. J. Kennepp 
died at Demopolis, Ala., Sept. 19, same year. 

Eighth Illinois Cavalry, organized in September, '61, for 
three years' service, claimed the following named Will county 
troops: Alvan P. Granger, 2d lieut. ; prom. 1st, Aug. 4, '63; 
resigned May 30, '63; served on staff of Gen. Pleasanton and 
Gen. Keyes; A. G. G. brigade. John A. Kinley, sergt. ; prom. 
2d lieut. July 1st, '63; prom, captain Sept. 18, '64; resigned 
April 11, '65; wounded at Urbana, Md., July 9, '54. Harley 
J. Ingersoll, private in Co. K; vet.; prom, sergt. then 1st lieut., 
Sept. 18, '64; prom. capt. May 8, '65; M. 0. July 17, '65; 
wounded at Culpepper, Va. George W. Flagg, resigned Jan. 
24, '62. 

Comjjany E. — D. F. Eobinson, Oscar D. Burnham and John 
Engle, M. 0. July 17, '65. 

Company i^.— Jesse C. Allen, vet.; M. 0. July 17, '65, as 
1st sergt. Louis B. Gardner, trans, to V. E. C. ; died. Ambrose 
S. Avery. Alfred Otis, vet.; M. 0. July 17, '65. George 
Adams, dis. for dis. Jan. 29, '63. Wm. Arthur T. J., M. 0. 
Sept. 28, '64. Arthur F. Clark, died at Washington, D. C, 
Jan. 29, '63. Frederick Cooper, dis. for dis. April 22, '65. 
John W. Doolittle, M. 0. Sept. 28, '64. Horace E. Elwell, 
vet.; M. 0. July 17, '65. Charles E. Fehon, dis. for dis. 
Cornelius Goodenow, vet.; M. 0. July 17, '65, corpl. Wm. D. 
Goodwin, dis. for dis. April 3, '63. Eobert Horn, dis. for dis. 
Feb. 28, '63. Abraham Haner, vet.; M. 0. July 17, '65, sergt. 
Austin Halley, dis. for dis. in '63. Leander T. Hill, dis. for 
dis. April 15, '62. W. S. Kile, vet. ; M. 0. July 17, '65. Frank- 
lin E. Lull, dis. April 7, '63, for wounds received near Eich- 
mond; died. Alfred Quackenbush died at Alexandria, Va., 
Feb. 27, '62. George A. Brown. Willis J. Cook, same; sergt. 
Stephen M. Dubridge, same; corpl; wounded. Jonas Mess- 
inger Chas. 0. McLaue, vet.; detached at M. 0. Willard 
S. Wood. Elbridge H. Adams, dis. for dis. April 16, '62. 
Harrison F. Adams, M. 0. Sept. 28, '64, George Bowes, dis. 
March 6, '03, for wounds received at Middleton^ Sept. 13, '62. 
George A. Baker, died at mute house, Ya., June 18, '62, John 
W. Cole, died of wounds received at Falling Water, Md., July 
15, '63. Eobert Cave, died at Washington, D, C, Aug, 20, '63, 
of wounds received at Culpepper, Va. Myron H. Cook, died 
at Stafford, Va,, March 20, '63. Ei chard D. Caldwell. John 
T. Elwell. Lyman W. Farnham. Hiram J. Gardner, dis, for 
dis. April 3, '63. Edwin A, Gardner. Emery Goodenow. 
Albert L. Granger, dis. for prom, Oct. 27, '64, in col. reg. 
George C. Hewe's, died at Philadelphia, Penn,, March 6, '63. 
Charles A. Hill, dis. for prom, as lieut, in 1st U. S. colored 
troops; prom, capt; wounded. Eichard Hellman, M. 0. June 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 233 

21, '65; taken pris. and escaped. Orland Hewes, killed near 
Culpepper, Va., Nov. 9, "03. Eobert Home. Aaron Haner. 
David Harkness. Henry S. Jenne, dis. for dis. Nov. 29, '62, 
Otho Lock, dis. for dis. George E. Morris, dis. for dis. April 
1, '63. Milton B. McCoy, vet.; M. 0. July 17, '65, as corpl. 
Horace J. Messinger. Fernando Miller. Wm. Watkins, dis. 
for dis. Sept. 10, '62. 

ComiMmj K. — Eichard C. Vin?on, died at Boonsboro from 
wounds received at Falling Water July 6, '63. Sylvester B. 
Freelove. Festus G. Murner, dis. for dis. Feb. 20; '63; died 
after dis. Mason J. Leonard. Albert H. Boyd, discharged, 
term expired. John Bookman. Larius T. Colegrove. Peter 
Farley, accidentally killed at Bealton Station, Ya., Sept. 5, '63 — 
fell from horse. Lysander Hubbard, died at Alexandria, Va., 
March 9, '62. Geo. A. Heintzelman. George W. Holmes, M. 
0. May 20, '62, pris. of Avar. Henry Keitzmiller, M. 0. July 
17, '65; was captured July 27, '63, horse fell. Martin Platts, 
dis. for dis. Dec. 25, '62. Ira Pettys. Samuel Pettingill. Warren 
Pettys, dis. for dis. Dec. 25, '62. Peter Pomerov. Orsamus 
C. Eowe. Peter A. Triam M. 0. Sept. 28, '64. John J.Vinson, 
Warren B. Warner, Daton E. Weldon, dis. for dis. Jan. 18, '62. 
Geo. H. Wilder, Henry F. Byers, Coleman Brownson, Henry 
H. Brownson, William Dice, Collin Dow, Geo. AV. Fellows, 
George Galbraith, all M. 0. July 17, '65; David G. Gordon, dis. 
April 1, '65, for prom, in col'd regt. ; James C. Jones, Anson C. 
Keen, Geo. T. Eicker, Mathew Shipley; William A. Stem, 
died at Camp Eelief, D. C, June 20, '64; Seneca Thompson, 
Thomas Vinson, Henry G. Wilson; Jonathan F. Whitson, dis. 
for dis. June 25, '64; George Alexander; Albert Bump, died at 
Giebro Pt., D. C., April 20, '64. Where no record is given it is 
understood that mustered out in June and July '65, is the only 
record. 

Ninth Illinois Cavalry was organized Oct. 26, '61. The 
Will county contingent was made up as follows : Sidney 0. 
Eoberts, as private Co. G., prom. 2d lieut. Oct. 21, '62; prom. 
1st lieut. Nov. 25, '62; res. May 1, '65; William Ahr, died at 
Gainsville, Ala., Sep. 21, '65; Peter Blackburn, Cyrus Bowers, 
Morris Brown, Joseph Howel, William Kepler, David S. Leach, 
missing; Ervin Eyan, Henry Sifert, James T. Shaw, Edwin F. 
Way, Chas. F. AVay, absent, sick at M. 0. 

Company D. — Louis Meyer; Henry Katsa, vet., died at Mem- 
phis, Oct. 20, '64; Fred'k Allifield, Conrad Buck, Frederick 
Buck; William Conskay, died at Helena, Ark., Oct. 1, '62; John 
Cleronrugh, Philip Deceness, Henry Duenenig, John Everding; 
Henry Gaberski, bugler; Fred. Husen, (or Hause) corporal; 
Conrad Ingleking, died April 19, '62; Dennis Linglelett, Chris- 
toff Libkey, George Lanbault, John Philip Meyer, Frederick 
Moor, Conrad Meiss, M. 0. Sept. 23, '63; Christoff Paul, Henry 



234 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Eupriclit, Conrad Roegers, Christoff Sliaeffer; Conrad Steege, 
vet.; absent; sick at M. 0.; Conrad Sueir, dis. for dis. Nov. 29, 
'62; Frederick Adrian, trans, to E.; died in Andersonville 
prison, Sept. 9, '64; William Hardekopp; Henry Lattz, prom, 
sergeant-major; August Luhman; August Meyer, died at Mem- 
phis, July 29, '62; Frederick Miller, sergt. 

Gompanij F. — Eansford Calhoun, priv., Eobert Hawley, re- 
cruit, Conrad Kruckenberg, recruit, William Eube. 

Company G. — Nich. Dussen, {or Daufen) vet. M. 0. Oct, 31, 
'65, as corpl. ; Henry C. Bostwick, recruit; John F. Salter, died 
at Camp Douglas, Feb. 7, '62. Where no record is given, the 
soldier served until mustered out in Oct. 1865. 

Tenth Illinois Cavalry was organized Nov. 25, '61. Among 
the troops of this command were the following: — Herman B. 
Hoffman, res. March 16, '64, 1st lieut.; James B. Creamer, Pat- 
rick Healy, E. E. Miller, John O'Xeil, John 0. Boyle, Wm. H. 
Day, E. D. W. Sheckell, George West, Davis Keenan, John C. 
Andrews, Timothy Dunn, Owen McGrath, Edward Purcell, 
trans, to H. died at Little Eock, Apr. 10, '65; Wm. A. Pierson, 
vet. died at Springfield, HI., Feb. 20, '64. Where record is not 
given the soldier v/as transferred, and mustered out in Nov. '65. 

Eleventh Illinois Cavalry. — Organized Dec. 20, 1861, by 
Col. Eobt. G. Ingersoll, received the following named recruits 
in the spring of 1865. They served until the fall of that year: 
Arthur Kelly and Timothy Shean of Joliet; John Gillispie, 
Thomas Heartless, James McGregor, and John Froutli of Lock- 
port; Moses Barce of Crete; James Henny of Grand Garden 
and John H. Shufelt of Peotone. 

Ttuelfth Illiyiois Cavalry. — Organized during the winter of 
1861, claimed the following named men: John Sneigh, trans, 
to 19th HI. Inf. James Coram. David Eollins, trans, to inv. 
corps. John Eoberts. Frederick Williams. William Schoupp. 
Charles Vimpany, died Nov. 19, '61. Isaac Woods, trans, to C 
Con.; M. 0. July 17, '64. Jos. B. Mullen, dis. for dis. June 
29, '64. James Bennett, trans, to A Con.; M. 0. May 29, '66. 
Frank Patchett, killed at Alexandria, Va., April 28, '64. 
Eobert Stebbins, died at Donaldsonville, La., Aug. 1, '64. 
Eobert S. Washburn, trans, to H Con. ; M. 0. May 28, as corp. 
Willis Knickerbocker, dis. Jan. 3, '63. James Johnson, trans, 
to F Con.; dis. for dis. Dec. 27, '65. Isaac Howe, trans, to H 
Con. ; M. 0. June 10, '65. 

Thirteenth Illinois Cavalry. — Organized during the winter 
of 1861-2, had a large number of soldiers from this county: 
Adam Sachs, 2d lieut.; prom. capt. May 4, '62; M. 0. on con. 
Adolph Schule, corp.; prom. 3d lieut. Jan. 10, '63; M. 0. May 
2, '63, on con.; Willis Danforth, resigned Feb. 7, '63; capt. Co. 
F. Ira D, Swain, hon. dis. Anril 23, '63; 2d lieut. Edwin E. 
Willard, M. 0. Aug. 31, '65; surgeon of Con. Eegt. Henry 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COrNTT. 235 

Harken, served in Co. A as Q. M. sergt. Peter Sclilanter, 
served in Co. A. Albert Aug. Harken, private; prom. 1st 
sergt. June 10, '62, Co. C; dis. Jan. 11, '63. Custave Ed. 
Nagle. Johann Franzen. Johannis Becker. Henry Busch, 
promoted saddle sergeant; transferred to the N. C. S. as con.; 
dis. Aug. 31, '65. Frederick Blishm, trans, to C; con. Henry 
J. Caistens, prom, sergt. Jan. 1, '63. Berup Christ Claassen, 
prom. Corp. May 1, '62; sergt. Nov. 25, '62; 1st sergt. Jan. 12, 
'62. John Corthauer, dis. Oct. 10, '62. John Cholett, trans, 
to D. John Tromm, dis. Jan. 11, '63. Christ Hagan, trans, 
to C; con. Wm. Hess, dis. Jan, 11, '63. Nicholas Kay, dis. 
Jan. 11, '63; died at Little Rock Dec. 20, '64, of wounds. 
Henry Keeneke, dis. May 7, '63. Christoph Koehler, titans, to 
C; con. Michael Mammosir, trans, to Co. D; M. 0. April 18, 
'65. Wilhelm Mertens, trans, to C; con. Henry Toreser, 
trans, to C; con.; M. 0. Aug. 31, '65. Emile Troethlisberger, 
dis. June 11, '62. Carl Schamhorst, dis. Feb. '63. Deitrich 
Somumocher, prom. corp. Jan. 1, '63. Ernest Strecker, prom. 
Corp. March 1, '62; sergt. June 15, '62; Q. M. sergt. June 12, 
'63. Ludwig Strieker, dis. May 15, '62. Henry Sellman, trans, 
to C; con.; M. 0. Feb. 11, '65. George Bernard Triarks, 
prom. corp. Aug. 1, '62; sergt. June 1, '63. Ebenezer Grundy. 
Augustus F. Freeman, trans, to Co. C; con. Seymour M. 
Fitch, prom. Eeg. Q. M. S. ; M. 0. Dec. 31, '64. Wm. M. Eat- 
cliS, died at St.^Louis, Oct. 4, '62. Alvaro B. Clark, dis, for 
dis. Dec. 20, '62. David W. Chandler, trans, to C; con,; 
killed at Pine Bluff, Ark,, Sept, 11, '64. Harvey R. Frazer, 
trans.; three years' service. Amos Bowers. James L. Hyde, 
dis. for dis. Dec. 1, '62. Damon Baily, died at Joliet, Nov., 
'62. Whitman E. Gustin. Charles W.Whited, saddler. Henry 
R. Aulsbrook, killed at Ironton, Mo., premature dis. of con. 
May 4, '62. Oscar J. Bailey, died at Helena, Ark., Aug. 6, '62. 
Mathias Birdenstine, trans, to C; con. vet.; M. 0. Aug. 31, 
'65. James D. Brown, died at Arcadia, Mo., Oct. 29, '62. 
Charles D, Field. John H. Finity, trans, to C; con.; vet.; M. 
0. Aug. 31, '65. Michael Finity, trans, to C; con.; vet.; M. 
0. Aug. 31, '65. Wm. J. Fuller. John Gillespy, trans, to C; 
con. Wm. B. Gorham, trans, to C; con.; vet.; M. 0, Aug. 
31, '65. Edward Hattes, dis. for dis. Dec. 20, '62. Franklin 
Jenks, trans, to C; con.; -vet.; prom. vet. surg. Edward P. 
Jepson, trans, to C; con. Martin Luther, trans, to C; con.; 
sergt. Benj. C. Leonard, trans, to C; con.; dis. for dis. Nov. 
21, '65. Martin V. Lander, trans, to C; con.; M. 0. Aug. 31, 
'65. David Milam, died at Helena, Ark., Aug. 9, '62. William 
Mahon, dis, for dis. Nov. 14, '62. Edward McLityre, dis. April 
29, '62. AYilliam L. Reed. Harper Rogers, dis. for dis. Dec. 
20, '62. Casper Schlief. Charles Stone, trans, to C; con. 



236 GENEEAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Martin Weiskopf. Christoph Snyder, recruit. Martin Snyder, 
recruit; trans, to E; con.; M. 0. June 7, ^65. 

Fourteenth Illinois Cavalry. — Organized January 7, 1863, 
had four Will county men, viz. : James Strain, Lockport, re- 
cruit of 1865. Corporal Geo. F. Gooding and private George 
Mason, of Lockport, enlisted Oct. 15, '62, and recruit August 
P. Foster, of Green Garden. Mason was killed at Boddy Sta- 
tion, Dec. 14, '63. Command M. 0. July, '65. 

Fifteenth Illinois Cavalry. — Organized Dec. 25, 1863, had 
nine Will county soldiers, viz. : John Stewart, trans, from Co. 
H, 52d Inft.; M. 0. Oct. 31, 1864. James T. White, dis. for 
dis. Feb. 27, 1864. Isaac Rice, vet.; 1st sergt.; trans, to Co. 
M, 10th cav.; con.; M. 0. Nov. 22, 1865; 1st sergt. Frederick 
Elderkin, paroled prisoner; died at St. Louis. Chancey Hollen- 
beck, M. 0. Aug. 24, 1864, as corporal. Franklin W. Moore, 
trans, to Co. M, 10th con. cav.; M. 0. as corp. Thomas H. 
Pennington, vet.; trans, to Co. K, 10th cav. con.; M. 0. July 
15, 1865, as Co. Q. M. sergt. Hugh Massey, M. 0. Jan. 9, 
1865. Samuel H. Whited", trans, to 10th cav. con.; M. 0. 
term exp. 

Sixteenth Illinois Cavalry. — Organized in the spring of 1863, 
had two Will county representatives, viz. : James Vaughn, of 
Frankfort, who died in Andersonville prison, June 3, 1864- 
grave No. 1078, and John Wimmer, of Frankfort, who died in 
Andersonville prison, May 15, 1864; grave No. 1180. 

Seventeenth Illinois Cavalry. — Organized Jan. 28, 1864. In 
this command were Wm. Kirton, of Barber's Corners, died at 
Glasgow, Mo., Aug. 16, 1864, and Wm. Stanton, of Peotone, 
M. 0. Nov. 8, 1865. 

ARTILLERY ORGANIZATIONS. 

First Illinois Light Artillery. — Organized by companies 
from April, 1861, to Aug. 12, 1862, comprised among its mem- 
bers the following troops: Edgar H. Cooper, as private Co. 
D; prom. 2d lieut. March 4, 1862; prom. capt. May 29, 1863; 
prom, major Dec. 26, 1864. Samuel Nickerson, died at Joliet, 
Aug. 23, 1863. John W. Frazer, ass. to new Co. A; M. 0. 
Sept. 25, 1864. Jasper L. Loomer, dis. for dis. Jan. 28, 1864. 
Wm. H. Sanborn, M. 0. July 23, 1864. James Heddy, M. 0. 
June 12, 1865. Wm. 0. J. Jewett, M. 0. June 12, 1865. 

Battery D {McAllister's). — Ed. H. McAllister, resigned May 
5, 1862; capt. Matthew W. Borland, resigned April 24, 1862; 
deafened at Donaldson; subsequently in the one year's ser. Jas. 
A. Borland, as. private, prom, sergeant March 4, 1862; prom. 
2d lieut. April 24, 1862; resigned June 19, '63. George J. 
Wood, resigned July 1, 3 863; 1st lieut. Emmit F. Hill, As. 
Q. M. Sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. April 24, 1862; prom. 1st lieut. 
July 1, 1863; hon. dis. Sept, 19, 1863; severely wounded at 



GENERAL HISTOKY OF WILL COUNTY. 23T 

Vicksburg; subsequently com. lieut. in vet. reserve corps. 
Charles L. Pratt, as.; prom, vet.; prom. 1st sergt., then 1st 
lieut. Sept. 19, 18G3; M. 0. July 28, 18G5. Edward Kiniry. 
Wm. H. Toppin, vet. ; M. 0. July 28, 18G5, as corporal. Wm. 
Agnen. George Alexander. Dewit Button, absent; sick at 
M. 0. Edward B. Bluhn. Henry G. Bagg. Daniel Blue. 
Eunsom W. Barnes. Porter W. Bement, died at Vicksburg, 
Aug. 3, 1863. Zebulon Burdick. Robert Campbell. Peter 
Clayton. Ezra H. Carter. John Culter. John W. Cain. 
James Corsen. Thomas Carey. John Calgay. William De- 
wit. William Eaton. Franklin B. Hallick. Martin Howe. 
Patrick Higgins. Henry J. Hoyt, dis. May 2, 1862. John P. 
Holt. Andrew Kusch, Thomas Lowery. Charles H. Morgan. 
John Eoland, M. 0. as corp. Jacob C. Sawyer, M. 0. as black- 
smith. Orton R. Willard, M. 0. as sergt. Lewis Meads. Don- 
ald Campbell, dis. Aug. 21, 1862; 1st lieut. Enoch Allen, dis. 
for dis. February 16, 1862. Woodson Allen. George Eeder, M. 
0. Nov. 30, 1861. William Myers, dis. for dis. Feb. 11, 1865. 
Jacob Werner, M. 0. Nov. 30, 1861. Orlando Johnson. Henry 
Bennett, as private; 2d lieut. Feb. 1, 1864;'" M. 0. July 26, 
1865. Brock Eraser, priv. Jas. Bond. H. P. Yiall. Orio A. 
Viall. Zeigler Barkey, M. 0. July 15, 1865; corp. Irvin Bailey, 
died at Camp Yates, April, 1864. Elijah E. Clapp. Albert Mea- 
hem. F. M. Small, or Smart, Thos. Thompson. Robert Wilson. 
Magnus Tait, M. 0. June 19, '65, as sergt.; was taken pris. at 
Atlanta; sent to Andersonville. George Carey. Horace Brown. 
Andrew McDermott, M. 0. July 24, '62. Charles C. Cope. 
Where record is not given the troops remained until mustered 
out in June, '65. 

Second Illinois Light Artillery. — Organized by batteries- 
from August, '61, to June, '62. claimed the following named 
Will county soldiers: George W. AVharton, died at Fort Don- 
aldson. Joseph Hockman, M. 0. at con.; 2d lieut. AValter 
Michael, dis. Sept. 24, '66, as corp. Peter Britz, same. Chas. 
Zosshaus, same. Martin Nixerberg. John Thorn. Frederick 
Bauer, trans, to K.; M. 0. July 14, '65. Philip Miller, same. 
John Blake, M. 0. as corp. John Barry, M. 0. Oct. 4, '64. 
Hiram B. Scutt, vet.; M. 0. Sept. 4, '65. Charles W. Keith, 
resigned April 7, '62, as capt. Charles M. Barnett, as. 1st 
lieut.; prom, capt., April 7, '62, sergt.; as chief of the art. for 
the div. Aronzo W. Coe, as 2d lieut.; prom. 1st lieut. April 
7, '62; killed Dec. 9, '64, near Savannah. John A. Kelly, 
trans, to 100th Inf., as lieut. Co. K. Abraham Whitman, 
prom, sergt. Peter Countryman, vet.; M. 0. June 14, '65, as 
corp. Robert Heath, same. M. D. L, Covert. Charles How- 
ard, killed at Island No. 10. Thomas Allen, vet.; M. 0. June- 
14, '65. John Blazier, same. Thad. C. S. Brown, vet. ; Q. M. 
S.; absent; sick at M. 0. Horace Cady, dis. for dis., April, 



'23S GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

'62. Charles Countryman. Frank Collins, M. 0. Alonzo S. 
Dykman, accidentally killed at home on furlough. William 
Daughtery. Harlan P. Dunning, vet.; M. 0. June 14, '65. 
Thomas Egan, same. Frank Farrell, same. John T. Gal- 
lagher. Uri Gillett. Christian G. Geyser, vet. ; died Aug. 12, 
'64, of wounds received the 9th, before Atlanta. William H. 
Haynes, M. 0. Sej)t. 18, '64; leg broken. James McCallen, 
vet.; M. 0. June 14, '65, as corp. Myron Mickles. Henry 
Mitter, M. 0. June 27, '65; shot through the lungs before 
Atlanta. John J. Meihlson, sick at M. 0. Zacherah Miller, 
Oharles P. Meyers, William Pratt. William G. Patney, sick at 
M. 0. Francis Pardy, William H. Eose. John C. Riley, shot 
through the lungs before Atlanta. Henry Sherrill, Charles W. 
Sheffield. George A. Sheffield, trans, to Inv. corps, Nov. 1, 
'63. John Stanley. Melvin Smith, died at Hamburg. Israel 
Smith, dis. for dis. Henry Smith, vet.; dis. Charles H. Smith, 
William Wilson. Max Winner, dis. Aug. 5, '62. James P. 
White, vet.; died at Nashville, Tenn., April 27, '64. William 
Abbott, John C. Bowers. George D. Brown, sick at M. 0. 
James B. Bedford, William L. Bly. Franklin Baer, died at 
Nashville, Tenn., July 27, '64. Oliver G. Corbin, Akenless 
Cago. John Clark, deafened at Perryville. Joseph Coy, Eob- 
ert C. M. Cook. Henry Carr, died at Savannah, Feb. 3, '65. 
George Clark, taken pris., having dropped behind the march 
from exhaustion. Lyman DePuy, blacksmith. Philip Deiter, 
John Devin, Theodore Dreistman. Thomas Damphy, claimed 
by 23d Wis. Thomas Francis, M. 0. June 13, '65; was pris. 
and taken to Andersonville; escaped. Michael Hallissey, Will- 
iam Holder, D. C. Heilman. Allen B. Hodge, wounded in hip. 
James Higgins, John Irwin, John Johst, Charles Jones, Lorenzo 
Kelly, Thomas Lynch, John Murphy, William Montgomery, 
John McClusky, Bernard McEvoy, Charles McEvoy, Thomas 
McGuire, John McNeill, William Moak. George Mather, died 
near Athens, Ala,, from the sting of a scorpion. Louis H. Neff. 
Gregory Neff, sick at M. 0. James D. Pierce, John Peters. 
Chas. Prindle, capt. on march to sea. Doc. C. Rosa, Jos. Richen- 
bach. Ed. Smith, sergt. Chas. Schrier, art. Franc. H. Goodrich, 
Anthony Schrader, Henry Skinner, Joseph St. Julien, Lewis 
Wolfogle, Newton A. Ward, Edward Waterhouse, Frederick 
Bauer, Francis Fay, John Hanton. Daniel H. Pierce, as 
private, vet.; prom, sergt.; prom. 2d lieut. March 13, '65; 
prom. 1st lieut. June 12, '62; M. 0. Aug. 9, '65. Julius D. 
Roberts, as. private; prom. jr. 2d lieut. April 10, '62; resigned 
Nov. 18, '62. Levi B. Wightman, prom. 2d lieut. June 12, 
'65; M. 0. Aug. 9, '65. Nelson Struble, artificer. Newton A. 
Hill, dis. for dis. July 25, '65, as corp. Newal J. Boughton. 
Freeman S. Jay, artificer. Freeman S. Jay, jr., died at Boeuf 
river, La., Aug. 30, '63. Jacob Reichert." George F. Bond, 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COrNTY. 239 

dis. for dis. May 30, 'Go. Charles Cooney. George Cole. 
Jeremiah Downs, died at Vicksburg, Oct. 18, '64. George A. 
Freelove. Francis Fentiman; died at Vicksburg, June 14, 'Go. 
Errick Larson, Nichols Eush, George Shroyer. Where record 
is not given the soldiers served until muster out in the fall of 
1865. 

Chicago Boarcl-of-Trade Battery, organized July 31, 18G3, 
had Lawrence F. Abbott, of Wilmington, who served from 
Aug. 1, 1862, to June 30, 1865. 

Chicago Mercantile Battery was organized August 39, 1863. 
The following-named Will county men were members of this 
command: John W. Arnold, M. 0. June 16, 'Qh\ pris. of war. 
Henry L. Bush, M. 0. July 10, '65; sergt. Andrew J. Bart- 
lett, M. 0. July 10, 'G5; sergt. Charles B. Cozzens, M. 0. 
July 10, '65; corp. Edward L. Gooding, dis. for prom, by 
order War Dept. ; ap. com. of sub. Aug. 13, '63. John C. 
■Gunlock. John A. Gilbert, sergt. ; dis. Jlin. 36, '65, for prom. 
Philip E. Gunlock, M. 0. July 10, '65, as corp. Charles P. 
Hazeltine, dis. Aug. 8, '64, for prom.; Avounded at Champion 
Hills. Charles C. Hanford. Everett E. Hudson. Albert G. 
Mather, sergt, John Q. Mason. James McISTaught. Sand- 
ford L. Parker, M. 0. June 16, '65; pris. of war. Charles L. 
:Stone, M. 0. July 10, '65. Gilbert Stees. Charles W. Wal- 
cott, dis. for prom. March 11, '64. Harvey T. Weeks, M. 0. 
July 10, '65; wagoner. Cornelius Ackersook, Samuel E. Ball, 
Joseph Boots, George Brainard, Amos L. Burdick, pris. of war; 
John Crauson, William Coe, William R. Fenn. Walter H. 
Felter; died at Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas, while pris. of war. 
William Gooding, James Hammersham, Martin S. Miller, 
Nicholas Pitts, Charles W. Sheldon, Henry H. Snow, Charles 
H. Van Burcn,.,^ohn Wismon. Where record is not given the 
soldier served ti-htil muster out, July 10, 1865. 

Coggs'weWs Battery, organized September 33, 1861, claimed 
the following-named troops: Henny G. Eddy, M. 0. Nov. 
30, '64; com. 1st lieut. Francis Hubert, private; dis. for dis. 
Nov. 13, '63. John Archer, vet. rec't. ; vet.; M. 0. Aug. 
14, '65. Joseph Archambault. Albert A. Anderson, died at 
Memphis, July 10, '62. Henry D. Baker. Joseph Chown; 
dis. for dis. Aug. 34, '63. John Max, George H. Nelson, Ira 
Potter, Frank Payne, Joseph Simonds, Lewis S. Warren, 
Huron Warren. Louis West, vet; M. 0. Aug. 14, '65; sergt. 
Patrick Williams. The troops whose records are not given 
■served until muster out in the summer of 1865. 

Henshaw's Battery, organized October 15, 1863, claimed 
William Robinson and George ^Y. Clark, of Joliet, 1863-65, 
and AVilliam W. Veach, of Joliet, 1864-'65. 

Bridges' Battery, originally Company G, Nineteenth In- 
iantry, was organized in January, 1863, and became New 



240 GENEEAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

Battery B, 1st Artillery. Benjamin Bennett, of Wilton, en- 
listed July 14, 1861, was wounded at Chicamauga, and dis- 
charged July 7, 1864. 

Colored Recruits Sixteenth U. S. Infantry numbered among- 
them Thomas Jackson and John Nolens, of Joliet; enlisted 
March 28 and 27, 1865. 

In the history of secret benevolent and military societies, 
given in the history of cities and villages, many names of 
soldiers are recorded, particularly in the history of each Grand 
Army post. 

Illinois and Michigan Canal. — This important water-way- 
claimed the attention of the French explorers" territorial council 
and commercial circles of Illinois, from the earliest times. The 
venerable Marquette, in 1G73, pointed out its feasibility. In 
1812, a plan was suggested in Nile's Register. In 1818-22, G-en. 
Oass, H, Schoolcraft, Captain Long and others, proposed such 
a work. In 1826, congress donated 300,000 acres of land, or 
every alternate section m a ten mile strip, from LaSalle to Chi- 
cago. In 1829, the Board of Canal Commissioners was estab- 
lished with certain powers. This act was repealed to give place 
to the act of 1834-5, appointing a canal commission to negotiate 
the sale of bonds and otherwise prepare for work. In 1836, the 
State pledged its credit for the payment of bonds, W. B. Archer, 
G. S. Hubbard, and Wm. F. Thornton, were appointed com- 
missioners, Wm. Gooding, engineer in charge, and on July 4, 
that year, the work of construction was begun at Bridgeport,, 
now in Chicago city. The Archer road was opened to Lockport, 
at a cost of $40,000, and many equally wild expenditures sanc- 
tioned by the board. This term of expenditure ended in 1841, 
when $5,000,000 had been expended on the canal — construction 
was suspended — the contractors received 8230,000 damages, and 
for a time, the prospering villages along the line of the proposed 
work, suffered from financial depression. 

In 1842-3, the legislature agreed to place the enterprise under 
the control of three trustees, one of whom was to represent th& 
foreign bondholders, on condition that such bondholders would 
augment their former loans by a grand loan of 11,600,000. 
After many negotiations this plan was adopted, and in 1845, 
work was resumed. The passage of the Thornton from LaSalle, 
and of the Gen. Fry from Lockport, early in 1848, heralded tha- 
approach of the completion of this great internal improvement. 
In July, 1848, the canal was opened for traffic, and during that 
and four succeeding years it proved all its projectors' hopes to 
be well founded. In 1865, Chicago city entered into an arrange- 
ment with the trustees to complete the canal on the deep cut 
plan. This undertaking was completed June 15, 1871, and the- 
waters of lake Michigan joined with those of the Mississippi. 
The same year the control of the foreign bondholders ceased,. 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 241 

and the canal reverted to the State with a balance of 895,742. 
The State reserved the right to resume control of the canal at 
any time, by paying Chicago city the moneys which it had 
expended. The Legislature, on Oct. 21, 1871, passed the Refund 
Act, appropriating 12,955,340 to be paid the City of Chicago, 
being principal and interest invested by that city in deepening 
the canal. The same act provided for the resumption of control 
by the State. 

Raih'oads. — Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad was 
incorporated by the Legislature of the State of Illinois in 1851, 
under the name of the Chicago & Rock Island Railroad, the 
object being to construct a line from Chicago to Rock Island, 
on the Mississippi river, a distance of 1814 miles. In October, 
1851, the first shovelful of dirt was thrown out in grading this 
road; in March, 1853, it was the largest railroad operated in the 
State. Regular trijis began on the Chicago & Rock Island Rail- 
road to Joliet, Oct. 18, 1852; to Morris, Jan. 8, 1853; to Ottawa, 
Feb. 14; to Geneseo, Feb. 22; to La Salle, March 10; to Peru, 
March 21, 1853. Chicago & Mississippi Railroad started books 
for subscription, opened Sept. 13, 1853, and -$4,000,000 sub- 
scribed, on Nov. 1, 1854. An appalling accident on this road 
occurred near Joliet. The principal events in connection with 
this road since 1854, are its consolidation with the Mississippi 
& Missouri Railroad, Aug. 20, 1865, and name changed to C. R. 
I. & P. Railroad — completed to Des Moines in 1867; issue of 
$4,900,000 additional stock in 1867; 182 miles completed in 
Illinois; 46 miles completed from Bureau to Peoria; consolidated 
lines 222 miles; 450 miles in operation in 1867, and 1,400 miles 
in operation in 1884. N. D. Elwood was a director and also 
secretary of this railroad company, while Joel A. Matteson was 
one of the leading contractors in building its roads. 

Cliicago cC- Alton Railroad. — The line proper was built under 
the charters granted to the Alton & Sangamon railroad, Feb. 27, 
1849, and to the Chicago & Mississippi, June 19, 1852. The 
name Chicago, Alton & St. Louis, was adopted in 1855. In 
1857 St. Louis took fiz'st place in the title, which name it bore 
until 1862, when Chicago & Alton railroad was adopted. The 
road from Alton to Springfield was built in 1853, and from 
Springfield to Joliet, under its second charter in 1854. In 1857 
the line to Chicago was opened. The company operate over 
970 miles of road. Since 1868, the St. Louis, Jacksonville and 
Chicago road, known as the Jacksonville branch of the Chicago 
«& Alton, extending from Bloomington to Godfrey, a distance of 
150 miles, has been oj)erated by the Chicago & Alton road at a 
fixed rental on the gross earnings, which must not be less than 
8240,000 per annum. 

The Illinois Central Railroad. — The early history of this 
road is the early history of the State. The company was incor- 



24:2 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

porated Feb. 10, 1851. In March, 1851, R. B, Mason was ap- 
pointed chief engineer. The Chicago branch, from Chicago tO' 
the Junction, with the main line, 349.78 miles was completed. 
Sept. 26, 1856, and a day later, the 705^ miles of the system 
were completed. The first work on the road was from Chicago' 
to Calumet Station — the latter appropriate name changed by the 
jingoes to Kensington in 1852. Permission to enter the city by 
the Lake Front was granted June 14, 1852. The bill granting 
lands to Illinois, passed the Senate, May 2, 1850, through the 
efforts of Stephen A. Douglas and Gen. James Shields. The 
The grant to Illinois of 2,595,000 acres of land was transferred,, 
so to speak, to the Central Company, being 3,700 acres per mile. 
The company pays into the State Treasury annually, 7 per cent 
of gross earnings which amounted to 89,087,835.81 up to Oct. 
31, 1882, to which the per centages of earnings for 1883 and 
1884 are to be added. The Tillages of Monee and Peotone, in 
Will county, were founded during the construction of this road 
through the county. 

The Michigan Central Railroad may be said to originate in the- 
old Detroit & St. Joseph Railroad, chartered as a private company 
in 1831, with nominal capital of 'i^l, 500,000, the company had 
in good faith and under many adverse fates expended nearly 
$117,000, when it was sold to the State in 1837. At a cost of about 
$400,000, including rolling stock, it was, February 5, 1838, com- 
pleted to Ypsilanti. Its receipts for the first four months and 
eleven days of its existence were 123,963.56. They nearly doubled 
that in the next two months, transporting about 10,000 passen- 
gers, or an average of 200 for each working day. It reached 
Ann Arbor in October, 1839. This road was built on a continuous 
wooden rail or stringer of sawed timber. It was ultimately sold 
by the State for a small consideration, after which it grew to be 
one of the leading, as it is the oldest railroad in the West. 
In 1855 the Joliet & Northern Indiana Railroad was built from the- 
main line to Joliet, This line forms an important link in the M. 
C. R. R. system, as here the through passenger and freight traffic 
for the West is transferred to the C. R. I. & P. Calvin Knowlton 
was superintendent of this road. It is known as the Cut-of 

Chicago, Jolietd- Peoria Railroad, or Southwestern, connecting 
Joliet with Streator, formed a very important addition to the rail- 
road system centering at Joliet. It runs along the east bank of 
the Des Plaines, through Joliet, Channahon and Wilmington 
townships. 

Joliet, Aurora & Northern liailwag Co., of which articles of 
incorporation were filed in May, 1884, in the ofiice of the Secre- 
tary of the State, is said to be an institution free from any other 
railroad interest, and is to be operated solely by the individuals 
named as incorporators. Surveyors are to be put to work at 
once, and if the consent of the land-owners along the route is 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 243 

obtained without trouble it is hoped to have the line completed 
between Joliet and Aurora in 188-4. The object of the road, as 
stated by Senator H. H. Evans, of Aurora, is to form a belt line 
from Hanover township, Lake county, Ind., on the Illinois; 
boundary line, crossing ten railroads which run out of Chicago. 
The incorporators are H. H. Evans, of Aurora; Erwin E. Wood, 
of Chicago; Daniel Robertson, of Joliet; Daniel H. Newton and 
James S. Newton, of Holyoke, Mass. The capital stock is 
$2,000,000. The route of the new road is from the boundary 
line near Crete, through Joliet, thence through the counties of 
DeKalb, Ogle, Winnebago, Stephenson, and Jo Daviess to the 
Mississippi river. 

Chicago £ Eastern Illinois Railroad, running through Wash- 
ington and Crete townships, was opened in 1871. Its history is 
one of receivers, mortgages, etc., as the Chicago, Danville & 
Vincennes Eailroad Under its new name it is operated successfully 
and forms a stern competitor with the old Central for the carry- 
ing trade of Eastern Illinois and Western Indiana. 

The Wabash, St. Louis cf- Facijic B a ilroad enters the county at. 
the southeast corner of Homer township, runs southwest 
through New Lenox, Manhattan, Florence, Wesley and Custer, 
forming a central line between the C. & A. Eailroad and the 
Illinois Central. 

Analysis of Census Returns. — In 1832 the population of the 
district, organized in 1836 under the name of Will county, did 
not contain more than 300 white inhabitants. In 1835 when the 
special census was taken the number was 3,500; five years later, 
in 1840, the population of the county including what is now 
Kankakee, was 10,107, increased to 1G,703 in 1850. The cen- 
sus of 18(30 gives the population of the county, within its new ' 
boundaries, as 29,321. In 1870 the number reached 43,013 and 
in 1880, 53,422. The estimate of population in 1884 gives 
61,000 inhabitants. Of the total for 1850, 8,850 were males 
and 7,820 females; 21 colored males and 12 colored females. 
During the year ending June 1, 1850, there were 495 births, 142 
marriages, 231 deaths. The number of families was 2,833, liv- 
ing in 2,796 dwelling houses. 

The number of schools, colleges, etc., in 1850, was 87, teach- 
ers 89, pupils 3,742; taxation 82,930, public funds 84,198, and 
funds from other sources 83,272. The school children were, 
3,664 Avhites, and 4 colored, of whom 3,024 were native and 644 
foreign. The entire number of adults who could neither read 
nor write was 1,185. 

Improved lands in 1850 were valued at 8102,578, unimproved 
at 882,789; cash value of farms, 81,950,289, value of farm im- 
plements, 8103,469. There were 3,674 horses, 16 asses and mules, 
5,868 milch cows, 1,171 working oxen, and 9,628 other cattle; 
21,703 sheep, 8,650 swine, 8404,806 value of live stock, 862,576 



244 GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 

value of slaughtered animals. The cereals were 230,885 bushels 
of wheat, 130 bushels rye, 527,903 bushels corn, 334,360 bushels 
oats, 2,760 pounds tobacco, 50,237 pounds wool, 1,109 bushels 
peas and beans, 64,274 bushels Irish potatoes, 508 bushels sweet 
potatoes, 1,795 bushels barley, 8,136 bushels buckwheat, 1^4,437 
value of fruit, 10 gallons of wine, 8718 value of market garden 
produce, 319,054 pounds butter, 55,735 pounds cheese, 32,043 
tons of hay, 104 bushels clover seed, 384 bushels grass seeds, 
574 pounds flax, 9,617 pounds maple sugar, 167 gallons molasses, 
15,175 pounds honey and bees-wax, 84,742 value of home-made 
manufactures, two public libraries, 700 volumes; seven school 
libraries, 1,500 volumes; two Baptist churches, property valued 
at 11,600, three Congregational churches, property valued at 
$6,500, one Protestant Episcopal church, property valued at 
$1,000, three Methodist churches, property valued at 84,000, two 
Presbyterian churches, property valued at 83,200, three Catholic 
churches, property valued at 810,000; total 14 churches of a 
seating capacity of 6,100, and property valued at 826,300. 

In 1860, the percentage of increase over 1850 in the figures 
given for that year was remarkable. There were 73 manufactur- 
ing establishments, employed 8382,650 capital, and 415 hands, 
11 of whom were females. The annual cost of labor was 8131,- 
196, of raw material, 8441,718, and the value of products, 
8833,793. 

In 1870 there were 61 church organizations, 58 houses of 
worship, and property valued at 8346,651. 

The Baptists had 8 churches; Congregationalists, 5; Luther- 
ans; 5; Methodists, 15; Presbyterians, 6; and Catholics, 8. In 
1872 the statistics gave horses, 13,943; cattle, 37,076; mules 
and asses, 531; sheep, 5,576; hogs, 24,328; valued at 8677,488. 
The cereals v*^ere. — Wheat, 12,546 bushels; corn, 115,524 bush- 
els; other field products 74,700 bushels. Of the total population 
in 1880, there were 28,434 males, 24,988 females— 8,188 males 
5 to 17 years, 8,095 females, 5 to 17 years of age; males, 18 to 44, 
11,953; 21 years and over, 14,93/-'*. Of the entire population 
37,265 are native, and 16,157 foreign. — Of the first, 27,318 were 
born in Illinois; 1,189 in Ohio; 3,246 in Xew York; 413 in 
Indiana; 1,578 in Pennsylvania; 207 in Kentucky. Of the sec- 
ond, 753 are Canadians; 3,636 Irish; 2,490 "Welsh and English; 
1,297, Scotch, 6,002 Germans; 251 French; and 530 Swedes and 
Noi'wegians. There were 224 manufacturing establishments, 
employing 83,533,805 capital; 2,620 males over 16 years; 113 
females over 16 years; and 110 children and youths; who received 
as wages, the sum of 81,164,372; value of material, 88,252,302; 
value of products, 812,544,737. The total number of farms, 
3,665, of which 42 were under 10 acres; 86 under 20 acres; 285 
under 50 acres; 1,066 under 100 acres; 2,132 under 500 acres; 
49 under 1,000 acres, and 5 over 1,000 acres, showing an average 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 245 

acreage of 144. Of the total number of farms, 2,719 were 
cultivated by owners; 571 were rented for fixed money rental, 
and 375 rented for share of profit. Three hundred and thirty- 
three thousand seven hundred and twenty-two acres were tilled, 
including fallow and grass in rotation, and 148,371 in permanent 
meadow, orchard and vineland lands. 

There were 18,164 horses, 424 mules, and asses, 1 working 
ox, 25,680 milch cows, 33,718 other cattle, 8,598 sheep, exclu- 
sive of spring lambs, 51,539 swine. The wool crop (spring clip) 
equaled 51,816 pounds; milk sold or sent to butter or cheese 
factories, 2,116,036 gallons; butter made on farms, 1,571,251 
pounds; cheese made on farms, in 1879, 8,390 pounds. One 
hundred and twenty-one acres of barley equal 2,647 bushels; 
161 acres of buckwheat equal 1,362 bushels; 143,815 acres of 
Indian corn equal 4,072,806 bushels; 72,308 acrse of oats equal 
2,701,670 bushels; 1,774 acres of rye equal 33,463 bushels; 
4,023 acres of wheat equal 50,826 bushels; 29,560 bushels of 
flaxseed; 2,957 tons of straw; 4,047 pounds of sorghum mo- 
lasses, in 1879; 225 pounds of maple sugar, and 50 gallons of 
maple molasses; 82,732 acres of hay equal 111,513 tons; 4,327 
bushels of clover seed, and 7,920 bushels of grass seed; 190,363 
barnyard poultry, and 19,530 other fowl; eggs produced, 619,- 
665; honey, 15,663 pounds; bees-wax, 372 pounds, 1879. Esti- 
mated value of farm productions sold, consumed, or on hand, 
(1879) 13,313,441. 

The equalized assessment of taxable property in the county 
from 1873 to 1883 is given as follows: *24,810,823, in 1873; 
$21,486,578, in 1874; ■1?20,161,545, in 1875; 818,277,898, in 
1876; 115,578,113, in 1877; 114,104,092, in 1878; 113,346,368, 
m 1879; 113,017,125, in 1880; 113,138,084, in 1881; $13,189,- 
309, in 1882; $13,005,884, in 1883. The appropriations for 
expenditures made in September, 1883, was $87,317.43, about 
$1.50 per capita of present estimated population. 

School Statistics. — The report of Superintendent McKernan 
for year ending August 31, 1883, shows the total number of per- 
sons under 21 years of age, 27,261 ; number of pupils enrolled, 
12,390; enrolled in private and denominational schools, 940; 
number of school building, 210; number of teachers, 377; esti- 
mated value of school property, $376,592; of books and appa- 
ratus, $6,770; total expenditures for year 1883, $188,623.16. 
This last amount includes a balance of $34,094.94 standing over 
since June 30, 1882; $30,018.90 from distribution by trustees; 
$105,334.87 amount of district taxes, and $19,174.45 amount 
from other sources of school revenue, leaving $35,423.91 on hand 
June 30, 1883. During the year. Superintendent McKernan 
received $129. 84 from justices of the peace; $649.62 from State's 
Attorney for fines and forfeitures, and $138 for examination 
and registration fees. 
16 



246 GENERAL HISTOKY OF WILL COUNTY. 

The centers of settlement in Will county in 1837, were: 
Plainfield, population, 400; Lockport, East Lockport, Winches- 
ter — now Wilmington, Joliet, population, 600; Lancaster, Yan- 
kee Settlement, and Emmettsburg, a few miles north of Joliet. 
In 1884 the postal towns of the county numbered thirty, viz: 
*Beeclier, Bird's Bridge, fBraidwood, *Channahon, fCrete, 
Custer, Du Page, Eagle Lake, Endor, *Elwood, East Wheat- 
land, *Frankfort Station, Goodenow, Green Garden, f Joliet, 
f Lockport, Manhattan, Marley, *Mokena, *Monee, New Lenox, 
Peotone, f Plainfield, Ritchey, Spencer, Symerton, Tamarack, 
Wallingford, f Wilmington, Wilton Centre. 



* Domestic money order offices. 

+ International and domestic offices. The business directory of each of these 
cities and villages is given in this work, as well as the roll of taxpayers. 



TOWIN'SHIP AJSTD CITY HISTOET. 



PART IV. 

EARLY SETTLEMENT — ORGANIC, OFFICIAL AND STATIS- 
TICAL—HISTORY OF THE PRESS, CHURCHES AND SOCIE- 
TIES—ROLL OF TAX-PAYERS. 

WHEN the American pioneers first looked into the district 
now known as Joliet township, they found not a trace of 
white settlement and only a few Indians. Struck with the nat- 
ural beauty of the district, they settled here, and entered at 
once on that round of pioneer labors which laid the foundation 
of the township and city's prosperity. Only in after years, when 
early toils brought leisure as a reward, did those first settlers of 
the valley stop to inquire into the history of their new land. 
They learned that almost two centuries had passed since the 
zeal of Marquette led a party of explorers down the Des Plaines, 
a few of whom, on returning, named the mound near the city. 
Mount Joliet, in honor of the lay-captain of the expedition. 
Again they. learned of its relation to Indian history; of the 
savage'coun&ils held here; of Pontiac's murder by the Illinois 
at this point, and were not surprised then at their selection of 
a land which was admired by the learned Frenchman even as it 
was reverenced by the native Indians. Toward the close of the 
last century a few travelers passed this way en route from the 
Mississippi to the St. Lawrence. Early in the present century. 
General Cass, Henry R. Schoolcraft, and Lieutenent DeLong, 
explored this region, and following them came the pioneers — 
men who came to stay and build, and ask others to come and 
share with them the wealth and peace which the new country 
offered. 

Joliet, or Toionsliip 85, Range 10, was set off March 14, 
1836, as the fourth precinct of the county. Previous to 1850, 
this township, like the other divisions of the county, was gov- 
erned by the board of county commissioners. The supervisors, 
since 1850, are named in the following list: Charles Clement, 
1850-52; A. Cagwin, 1853; F. Aldrich, 1854; Joel George 1855; 
Edmund Wilcox, 1856; E. Wilcox and R. Stevens, 1857; S. W. 
Bowen and J. Shutts, 1858; R. E. Goodell and E. Wilcox, 1859; 
R. E. Goodell and H. B. Goddard, 1860; R. E. Goodell and 
George Woodruff, 1861; George Woodruff and J. C. Zarley, 
1863; S. K. Casey and J. Shutts, 1863; W. S. Brooks and John 
251 



252 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

Shutts, 1864-66; W. S. Brooks and E. Dalv, 1867-68; W. S. 
Brooks and A. Schiedt, 1869-70; William Werner and D. P. 
Hendricks, 1871; William Werner and W. A. Strong, jr., 1872; 
William Werner and K. Walsh, 1873; William Werner, A. 0. 
Marshall, James Boland and N. D. Tighe, 1874; W. S. Brooks, 
John Eyan, James Boland and Nathaniel Barnes, 1875; W. S. 
Brooks, John Eyan, Anthony Schiedt and William Werner, 
1876; D. G. Murphy was elected in 1876, but declined to serve. 
F. J. Eapple, William Werner, John Eyan and Mansfield Young, 
1877; F. J. Eapple, John Schiedt, William Gleason and John 
Lyons, 1878; F. J. Eapple, M. A. Flack, John Lyons and J. P. 
King, 1879; Thomas J. Kelly, 1880; Thomas J. Kelley, John 
F. Quinn, J. E. Bush, George M. Campbell, Thomas Houghton 
and T. A. Mason, 1881; John D. Paige, M. A. Flack, John 
Theiler, jr., Sebastian Lagger, jr., John E. Bush and Perry G. 
Somers, 1882; John D. Paige, Thomas J. Kelly, John Theiler, 
jr., Frank Collins, Sebastian Lagger, jr., and John E. Bush, 1883. 

The elections of April, 1884, gave the following results: 
Supervisor. — John P. King, 1,890; John D. Paige, 922: King's 
majority, 968. Assistant Supei^visors. — M. A. Flack, 1,762; 
John Theiler, jr., 1,719; William Gleason, 1,663; P. Shannahan, 
1,661; Charles Werner, 1,498; Thomas J. Kelly, 1,268; Sebas- 
tian Lagger, jr., 1,141; John Kammerman, 1,111; John Gor- 
man, 973. Town Clerh. — Eobert T. Kelly, 2,815. Assessor. — 
William Tonner, 1,805; Henry W. Cope, 998; Tenner's majority 
907. Collector. — iohn Eyan, 1,795; John Swiggart, 1,009; 
Eyan's majority, 786. Highway Commissioner. — Frank Zipf, 
1,476; Frank Murphy, 1,234; William Simons, 132; Zipf's ma- 
jority, 136. Scliool Trustee.— :i. F. Perry, 1,910; C. W. Eich- 
ards, 884; Perry's majority, 1,026. For paying road tax in 
labor, 511. Against, 727. 

The following shows the number of votes cast at the town 
elections during the past four years: 1880, 2,226; 1881, 2,445; 
1882, 2,650; 1883, 2,800; 1884, 2,850. The largest number of 
votes ever cast in this city, was in October, 1882, when 3,245 
votes were cast. 

The equalized value of lands in Joliet city and township — 
1883-84, is $795,538; of lots, $1,552,342, and of personal prop- 
erty, 11,132,180, aggregating $3,480,061. The tax levied in 
1884 amounted to $126,263.27. The population of the city 
(11,657) and township in 1880 was 16,149, which number, ac- 
cording to close estimates for 1884, has increased to about 22,- 
000. According to census of 1880, there were 8,509 native 
Americans in Joliet city, and 3,148 foreign. In 1870 the for- 
mer number was 4,959 and the latter 2,304. The increase of 
population since 1880 has brought to the city a great number 
of American born citizens. The school statistics of this town- 
ship are given in the history of the county. 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 253 

The first settlements in the vicinity of Joliet were those on 
Hickory creek. When William and W. E. Eice and Millar 
Ainsley arrived on Hickory creek, in June, 1829, they found 
there, on the north bank, about two miles above its confluence 
with the Des Plaines, Colonel Sayre and I. Brown. A quarter 
of a mile northwest, on the opposite bank, old Mr. Friend had 
his cabin. The year following, Jared Eunyon, John Gougar, 
James Emmett, Lewis Kercheval, and Michael Eunyon, set- 
tled along the creek; Eobert Stevens (section 2), Benjamin 
Maggard and David Maggard settled near the north line of 
Joliet township (west of Des Plaines, opposite rolling mills). 
Charles Eeed, Joseph Shoemaker, and Eli Shoemaker settled 
at Eeed's Grove. Eeason Zarley settled on the Zarley home- 
stead in 1831. After the Zarley family the following named 
pioneers arrived: John B. Cook, Major Eobert Cook, Jesse 
Cook, Daniel Eobb, Samuel Pence, Philip Scott, Calneh Zar- 
ley, William Billsland, Aaron Ware, John Norman, Joseph 
Norman, all in 1831. In 1832, Seth Scott, William Goodwin, 
Aaron Moore and E. E. Barber arrived. 

Mansfield Wheeler, Charles Clement, William Hadsell, 
Eodney House, George West, preacher; John Goodenow, Chas. 
Eeed, James McKee and James B. Campbell came in 1833. 

Joseph Zumalt, Pliilo A. Haven, Jacob Zumalt, Elias Ha- 
Haven, George H. Woodruff, A. W. Bowen, M. D., Orlando H. 
ven, James Haven, David Eeed, M. D., M. H. Demmond, 
Charles W. Brandon, James Eockwell, Benjamin F. Barker, 
William B. Hawley, J. P. King, Charles Sayre, Abner Cox, 
Eichard Hobbs, Daniel Clement, N. H. Clark, N. H. Cutter, 
I. Lyons, Sumersaux, Thomas H. Blackburn, 0. D. Putnam, 
Harlan Webster, James C. Frontman, Edward Perkins, Mans- 
field Wheeler, Henry Bone, Benjamin Eichardson, Erie Dodge, 

Asaph Webster, Campbell, Charles W. Brandon, George 

E. Makepeace, H. A. Cagwin, H. D. Higginbotham, Albert H. 
Higginbotham, Thomas Ellis, Bailey and brothers, all came 
in 1834. 

The settlers of the township and immediate vicinity in 1835, 
were: Asher Holmes, Fenner Aldrich, James Brodie, Hervey 
Lowe, David Eattray, Frank Collins, H. N. Marsh, Oliver W. 
Stillman, Allan Pratt, Elias Haven, Allen Denny, Eobert Dun- 
can, Dr. M. K. Brownson. 1835-81. — S. AV. Bowen, Eodney 
House, Charles W. Hopkins, S. B. Hopkins, William A. 
Boardman, Edmund Allen, Hugh Henderson, Sullivan Dem- 
mond, Zelotus Haven, M. D., Simon G. Haven, M. D., 
Michael Shoemaker, Eussell Frary, W. C. Wilson, J. L. Wil- 
son, Walter Seeley, E. L. Wilson, C. L. Wilson, Edson 
White, Abijah Cagwin, Andrew Boland, Abner Boland, 
Andrew Boland, Jr., J. Beaumont, Hopkins Eowell, Levi 
Jenks, Daniel Eeed, M. D., 0. F. Eogers, David Crozier, J. 



254 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOEY. 

H. Prentiss, preacher, Abel Gilbert, C. C. Pepper, Hiram Olney, 
Francis Nicholson, Alonzo Castle, W. K. Atwell, Archibald 
Crowel, John M. Wilson, J. J. Smillie, Jonathan Barnett, Elias 
Hyde, Asa Eowe, William A. Chatfield, Andrew King, Barton 
Smith, 0. C. Smith, E. M. Daggett, Anderson, William Wal- 
ters, Joel George, George Higley, Smith, George Squire, 

William Sherriff, George Howlitson, E. C. Fellows, Judge (Jus- 
tice) Lawler. 

The actual settlers of 1836 are named in the following list: 
Edmund Wilcox, Joel A. Matteson, Louis Gritzner, George 
Woodruff, S. S. Davis, E. Doolittle. (1837)— William A. Board- 
man, Uri Osgoode, David L. Eoberts; John Watkins, Francis 
L. Cagwin, Hugh Henderson, Thomas E. Hunter, Thomas 
Culbertson, H. Hartshorn, John Green, Otis Hardy, Theo- 
dore Woodruff, Orange Chauncey, Hervey Lowe, John Belz, 

Lewis Eeed, Jr., George Erhard, Lewis Eeed, Eeed, 

Alexander Comstock, M. D., Curtis Haven, L. De Berhardt, 
Dr. Scholfield, Albert Shepard, George W. Cassidy, James 
Stout, Eobert Shoemaker; Thomas Allen, H. K. Stevens, Ben- 
net Allen, David Eichards, Edward Allen, E. E. Bush, Colonel 
John Curry, J. J. Garland, Merritt 0. Cagwin, W. J. Heath, 
Amos Fellows, J. C. Newkirk, Franklin Mitchell, William 
Blair, Dr. E, E. W. Adams, Eufus Colton, Isaac H. Palmer, 
Stepen Hubbard, Elnathan Bassett, Wallace A. Little, M. D., 
Giles Jackson, Henry Fish, William G. Hubbard, M. Worth- 
ingham, David L. Eoberts, William S. Burgess, Thomas G. 
Burgess, Henry G. Brown. George Erhard, a Bavarian, and 
John Belz, an Alsatian, were the first settlers in the county 
from the Ehine country. 

Among the settlers of 1837 were William Maginnis, George 
S. House, David Eichards, William Symington, William Nel- 
son and John Fiddyment. In 1838, Alonzo Leech, Asa Mc- 
Donald, and Jonathan S. McDonald arrived. In 1839, Michael 
Gonter, Francis Xavier Munch, Jesse 0. Norton, Joseph Camp- 
bell, and Walter J. Fiddyment. 

During the decade ending in 1849, Major Safford, Thomas 
Keegan, Eossiter Eudd, George Bradner, Sebastian Stephen, 
F. X. Stuffier, Michael Stephen, John Stephen, Solomon 
Knapp, Thomas J. Kelly, John Greenwood, John Ley, John 
0. Lang, Frank E. Marsh, Isaac T. Millspaugh, Alexander 
Mcintosh, John Bergin, F. J. Eapple, Simon Eapple, Sr., S. 
W. Eandall, John H. Eapple, Thomas O'Connor, Anson and 
Joseph Patterson, Thomas Lacey, Noah Sunderla,nd, G. F. 
Gurney, Eufus Corbett, John D. Henderson, Calvin Seward, 
Thomas Hershbach, E. H. Gurney, Gabriel Noel, J. F. Mc- 
Dougal (1840), John J. Flack, George Eandolph Dyer, Michael 
Dellman, Joseph Freidrich, Isaac Nobes, William W. Prindle, 
Henry Snoad, William Adam, Orren W. Arnold, J. D. Brown,. 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOKY. 255 

E. S. Brown, R. D. Brown, Louis Brown, H. S. Carpenter^ 
John Clarkson, John Young, William H. Hutchins, E. H^ 
Mapps, Albert Mapps, Henry Scheik, and Frederick Schring. 

The settlers immediately after 1850 include among others l 
I. D. Stevens, Daniel C, Sleeper, Benjamin Stevens, E. L. 
Seward, Anton Scheldt, W. A. Strong, John Scheldt, Henry 
Schrader, H. Howk, Greorge Honck, Doctor M. F. Hand, C. C 
Olney, Levi Mapps, John D. Paige, Edwin Porter, Frank 
Eobeson, C. F. Passold, James G. Patterson, P. Shutts, John 
L St. Julian, Conrad Schweizer, J. C. Van Auken, Joseph 
Stoos, Buel A. Fuller, Mansfield Young, Edward Donohue, 

Donohue, Allen P. Carpenter, Henry Fedde, Thomas 

Craughwell, William Stapleton, Marshall Trubv, P. C. Haley,. 
Doctor F. Woerndle, J. A. Henry, W. F. Keith, William 
Kreimeier, W. W. Stevens, Benjamin Pickle, C. W. Staehle^^. 
W. A. Steele, Daniel Eichards, E. Walshe, John W. Merrill,, 
Joseph Euchman, John Baltz, Solomon Loner, Eugene Daly,, 
Timothy Donohue, Henry C. Knowlton, J. P. Murphy, E. E* 
Knowlton, P. F. Mnrphy, David Gr. Murphy, John B. Feeley,. 
0. Fox, Frederick Eolf, Doctor John E. Casey, Daniel Eoss, 
John Hayden, Ernest Eudd, J. F. Wilson, S. H. Whited, John 
Eoberts and Henry Young. This list comprises the greater 
number of actual settlers. With the names given in the gen- 
eral history of the county, and in the accompanying history of 
Joliet city, almost all the active spirit of the times find men- 
tion. 

JOLIET CITY. 

From the earliest times in the history of French exploration 
by Marquette and Joliet, this location has been known. Dur- 
ing the last century it formed inter-tribal ground, and here was 
held that great council of the Pottawatomies, Sacs, Foxes, Illi- 
nois and Shawnees (during which Pontiac was murdered), which 
resulted in the war against the Illinois and the annihilation of 
that tribe. There is little doubt entertained regarding the 
origin of the present name. In 1673 the voyageurs of Joliet^s 
expedition conferred the name, and in French missionary annals 
it occurs at intervals. In 1834 one James B. Campbell, for 
whom the first tract of land in the vicinity was platted, cast aside all 
thoughts of the historic past, and named this new town Juliet — 
after his daughter's name. This solicism was endured for a de- 
cade. The people, acting on President Van Buren^s suggestion, 
had the true name returned (D. L. Gregg introducing a bill in 
the Legislature), and since January, 1845, this one city of Illi- 
nois perpetuates a synonym for the early history of the State. 
It appears that in 1833 this James B. Campbell and James 
McKee acquired the interests of the Hall girls — Sylvia and Eachel 
— in the lands or floats granted them by the State Legislature 



256 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

during the session of 1832-3. Campbell selected the fractional 
quarter of sec. 9, T. 35, E. 10 — which contained about 67 acres, 
and a tract of 13 acres on Eastern avenue in the present city to 
represent his purchase. A portion of this tract was platted for 
him in May, 1834, under the name Toimi of Juliet, and the sale 
of lots was begun in June. James McKee selected as his pur- 
chase a tract on the west side of the river on the southeast quarter 
of section. Here Charles Reed, the first permanent settler of 
Joliet, had erected his cabin in 1833, and entered upon the work of 
building a mill and constructing a dam. Beyond his squatter's 
title there was no opposition to McKee, and the latter having en- 
tered his lands, offered Reed a small consideration and took 
possession. In January, 1834, this tract was laid out in acre lots, 
and in April these lots were offered for sale — Charles Clement 
making the first purchase. The additions to the city since 
1834 and the subdivisions as given in the public records have 
been numerous and extensive. Juliet in 1837 had fourteen 
general stores, two groceries, one drug store, three taverns, a 
saw mill, a grist mill, six lawyers, five doctors, a Methodist and 
Episcopalian society. The postmasters of Joliet since the estab- 
lishment of the office in 1835 were: A. W. Bowen, 1835; J. T. 
McDougall, 1850; M. K. Brownson, 1853; Calneh Zarley, 1854; 
J. L. Braden, 1863; H. N". Marsh; Alonzo Leach, 1865; Anson 
Patterson, 1869; James Goodspeed, 1873, and W. Woods is the 
present incumbent of this important office. 

David Maggard erected the first house within the present limits 
of Joliet city, and he and Robert Stevens cultivated the first 
land in the township. Col. Sayre, Mansfield Wheeler and A. 
Cagwin built saw- mills on Hickory creek; Zarley, Maggard, 
Stevens and Sayre flew from the Indians in 1832; John B. 
Cook died in 1834; Dr. Payne, the first physician, 1834, and 
Hugh Henderson, the first lawyer in 1835; the city was platted 
for James B. Campbell in 1834, and a second plat made for 
James McKee. Ben. Richardson, a chairmaker, came in 1836; 
Abner or Thomas Cox was the first merchant; Benj. P. Barker 
erected the first dwelling house in East Joliet; Charles Sayre 
was the first tailor; John Norman built a gristmill, on an island, 
opposite the penitentiary in 1833-4; James McKee erected a 
grist mill in 1834; Rev. Geo. West was the first resident minis- 
ter of the Gospel, 1833; James McKee was the first justice of 
the peace in West Joliet, and Oliver W. Stillman the first in 
East Joliet; William Blair was the first tinsmith, 1836; W. R. 
Atwell was the first blacksmith, 1834; C. W. Brandon was the 
pioneer stone mason; the Chicago and Ottawa road was opened 
in 1834;' Dr. A. W. Bowen was appointed postmaster of the 
first post-office at Joliet in June, 1835; Rodney House was the 
first wagon and carriage builder, 1835, on the East side; Fori 
Nonsense, was erected in 1832; school was first held there by 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 257 

Miss Cleveland; the first fourth of July celebration was held in 
1836; the first school house was built in 1836-7, and opened by 
John Watkins, formerly of Ft. Dearborn School, in 1837. 
Charles Eeed erected the first substantial log cabin near the site 
of the National Hotel in 1833; Clement and Clark inaugurated 
the lumber trade in 1835; M. H. Demmond erected the first 
stone building in the city; the first jail and court-house was 
built in 1837; the Courier was published in 1839; the first steam 
flouring mill was built for Jones in 1840. John M. Wilson and 
Charles Clement established the grain trade; the era of plank- 
roads was introduced in 1851 by the building of the Oswego and 
Indiana road from Joliet to Plainfield; sundry banking estab- 
lishments, including WUd Gat banks, established 1837; Uri 
Osgood was the first private banker of Joliet in 1850-51; the 
Matteson woolen mill was constructed in 1845; the Merchants' 
and Drovers' Bank was the first chartered institution of this 
class, 1850; the First National was founded in 1864; from 1849 
to 1850 the gold fever carried away a number of citizens, some 
estimating the number as high as 1200; the building of the 
present court-house began in 1847; in 1848 the cholera epidemic 
entered the settlements, W. E. Little died September 30, 1851; 
among the number who died from this disease in 1854 were 
Alex. Comstock, 0. H. Haven, C. C. Van Home and M. H. 
Demmond, all old and enterprising citizens. The first death sen- 
tence carried out in the county was the execution of Geo. Chase; 
the Rock Island Railroad was opened to Joliet in 1852; Joliet 
city organized in 1852; the accident on this'*railroad of Novem- 
ber 1, 1854, near Joliet, resulting in the death of 16 persons 
and severe injuries to 46 others. The Chicago and Alton Rail- 
road was opened from the south to Joliet in August 1854, and 
between Joliet and Chicago in 1857. The accident of August 16, 
1873, resulting in the death of 23 persons and severe injuries to 
31 persons, occured on this road near Sag Bridge, James O'Neil, 
John Metzgar, J. W. Smith and Jacob Lauser of Joliet, were 
among the dead. In January 1855, the snow and intense cold — 
a blizzard — detained all trains on this road for 144 hours. The 
Michigan Central Railroad cut-off or Joliet and Northern Indi- 
ana Railroad, was constructed "under the superintendence of 
Calvin Knowlton in 1855. The freaks of lightning in the church 
of St. John the Baptist, July 31, 1864, resulted in the death 
of five persons and injury to twenty. The flood of August 9, 
1865, caused great losses to many of the citizens. Other equally 
notably events connected with the history of Joliet are noticed 
in various places, both in the county and local histories. 

Organic History. — By an act of the Legislature of Illinois, 
Joliet was organized as a village under the name Juliet, in 1837. 
The act was repealed in 1841, and the village passed under county 
government until its organization as a city, June 19, 1852. The 



258 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

old village government was made up as follows: — 18S1, Joel A.. 
Matteson, Pres, ; J. J. Garland, Daniel Keed, David L. Eoberts, 
Fenner Aldrich, and Eobert 0. Duncan, Trustees; 18S8, Amos 
Fellows, Pres. ; Bennet Allen, Geo. H. Woodruff, J. 0. Newkirk, 
and W. A. Boardman, Trustees; 18S9, William Shofield, Pres.;. 
Charles Clement, W. A. Chatfield, George Woodruff, and F. 
Mitchell, Trustees; 18Jf.O, Joel George, Pres.; John L. Wilson, 
W. A. Chatfield, James Brodie, Charles Sayre, and Eichard 
Doolittle, Trustees; resigned March 3, 1841. The organiza- 
tion of 1837 was the result of a meeting over which Joel A. 
Matteson presided, with Geo. H. Woodruff, Secretary. The 
vote, numbering 78, was in the affirmative. The first election 
was held within the old American House, March 31, 1837. 
The question of reorganization under a city government wa& 
discussed in 1853. June 19 of that year an act of incorpora- 
tion was passed, providing for the election of officers and the 
formation of municipal divisions. The first election was held 
July 26, 1852, when the following named candidates received 
the votes placed after their names: for Mayor — C. C. Van Horn, 
200 votes; Orlando H. Haven, 88 votes; Barton Smith, 52 votes. 
For aldermen— N. H. Cutter, 17; David Casseday, 17; T. B. 
Jones, 12; Eichard Doolittle, 5; Bonj. Eichardson, 3; Jacob 
Gorges, 76; Michael Shields, 48; Patrick Callaghan, 28; Wm. 
0. Wood, 7; Wm. Smith, 10; Geo. H. Woodruff, 3; Edward 
Wilcox, 57; Thomas J. Kinney, 54; F. L. Cagwin, 70; S. W. 
Bowen, 77; Eodney House, 20; M. Wattingham, 19; P. O'Con- 
nor, 31; Uri Orgood, 58; C. W. Wade, 30; Peter Northump; 3; 
John Cuddy, 2; W. C. Wood, 3; Ed. Wilcox, Clerk pro. tem., 
S. W. Stone, Clerk, 5; 0. L. Hawley, 3; W. A. Strong, Treas- 
urer, 8; C. & C. Zarley, City Printers, 6; Mcintosh & Fuller, 
City Printers, 2. This vote was canvassed by 0. L. Hawley, 
Clerk Will County Court; G. D. A. Parks, ex-off. J. P., and 
Daniel Curtis, J. P., July 27, 1852. C. C. Vanhorn was re- 
elected Mayor in ] 853. J. E. Streeter received 250, and Barton 
Smith 152 votes, for mayor in 1854. In 1855 N. D. Elwood 
received 299 votes against 203 recorded for Firman Mack; in 
1856 Mayor Elwood was re-elected, receiving 689 votes. Firman 
Mack was elected in 1857, and again in 1858. Frank Good- 
speed received 1,048 votes in 1859, and was re-elected in 1860. 
Sherman W. Bowen was elected in 1861, and again in 1862; W. 
A. Strong in 1863; Edwin Porter in 1864 and 1865; S. W. 
Bowen in 1866; Elvis Harwood in 1867 and 1868; William A. 
Steel in 1869 and 1870; Edwin Porter in 1871; W. A. Steel in 
1872; W. E. Henry in 1873; Anton Scheldt in 1874; W. A. Steel 
in 1875; Eoyal E. Barber in 1876; James G. Elwood in 1877 and 
1878; Edwin Porter in 1870-1880 and 1881, and held office until 
the inauguration of Mayor Kelly in ]883. The city elections- 
of 1883, resulted as follows: — For mayor — Thomas J. Kelly, 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 259' 

1,549 votes; Benjamin Olin, 801 votes. For alderman — John 
Gorman, Edward Lawler, Fred. Schring, H. W. Cope, Peter 
Collins, John T. Donohoe, A. F. Knox, Eobert T. Kelly, 
Clerk; John Gorges, Treasurer; I. H. Breckinridge, City Ator- 
ney; Egbert Phelps, School Ins. East Side; James Morrisey, 
School Ins. West Side. The election of Aldermen in April, 
1884 resulted as follows: The record is given from first ward to 
seventh. 1st. Smith, 242; Lennon, 226. 2d. Riley, 175; McFad- 
den, 152. 3d. Moran, 138; Schring, 102; 4th. Lagger, 159; 
Sandiford, 44. 5th. Haley, 159; O'Connor, 103. 6th. Egan, 
221, Foster, 188. 7th. Winters, 270, Munn, 196. Messrs. 
Strong and Shutts were elected School Inspectors. The vote 
given August 5, 1876 on the question of incorporating the city 
under the Act of April 10, 1872, was for incorporation under 
the general law, 1,076; against such incorporation, 307. For 
minority representature, 1,283 againt 1,236. 

The question of taxing the saloon keepers of the city $1,000 
for the years 1884-5 was decided by the Board of Aldermen 
June 14, 1884. Two of the aldermen who voted for 11,000 last 
year voted for $500; but Alderman J. T. Donohue, ex-County 
Treasurer, who voted for 1500 last year, recorded his vote for 
$1,000, making a tie, and Mayor Kelly decided by casting the 
decisive ballot for $1,000. This is in accordance with the wishes 
of three-fourths of the people. 

Jcjliet m 1861. — So early as January, 1861, signs of the com- 
ing struggle made themselves manifest. On the 30th of that 
month an inter-party meeting was held at Joliet to consider the 
political relations of the free and slave States. Addresses were 
made and a series of resolutions carried condemning the weak- 
ness of the government and urging the adoption of a policy at 
once aggressive and defensive. Little did the speakers think 
then of the proximity of war. Lincoln was scarcely acquainted 
with the presidential office before the tocsin sounded. On April 
14, 1861, Sumter was surrendered to a rebel force, and the gro- 
tesque spectre of Civil War presented itself to the country. On 
April 17 Mayor Bowen presided over a war meeting. A com- 
mittee, consisting of J. Kelly, T. Hatton, Alex. Mcintosh, A. 
Mclnerney, F. Mack, and Wm. Adam, was appointed to collect 
a fund for the aid of volunteers' families, while a second com- 
mittee, made up of E. E. Goodell, Josiah McRoberts, and C. E. 
Munger, was instructed to purchase military uniforms. Fred- 
erick A. Bartleson was the first volunteer. His example was so 
well imitated that before midnight the company known as the 
Unioyi Qreys, or Bartleson's company, was filled. Erwin and 
Hildebrant's commands were filled by April 27. 

The Joliet Courier, the pioneer newspaper of the county, was 
founded April 20, 1839. The original stock holders were Ed- 
mund Wilcox, Hugh Henderson, Charles Clement, R. Doolittle^ 



260 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

the Allen brothers, and seven others, with 0. H. Balch, editor. 
Within a short time the office passed into the hands of D. L. 
Gregg, and in 1843 William E. Little obtained a controlling 
interest. 

The Joliet Signal. — The pioneer Courier was purchased by 
Wm. E. Little in 1843, when its name was changed to that of 
the Joliet Signal. Late in 1844 S. W. Eandall acquired control 
of the Signal; he, in turn, sold it to A. 0. Stillman, who con- 
ducted the paper until May, 1846, when the office was purchased 
by Calvin & Calneh Zarley, the latter of whom has conducted 
the Signal successfully for the past thirty-eight years. A short 
time before the death of Calvin Zarley, he disposed of his inter- 
-est to P. Shutts in 1876. Mr, Shutts entered the Signal office 
in 1873, where he learned typography. E. S. Brown entered the 
office in 1862, and became a partner in the business in 1873. 

The True Democrat was founded by A. Mcintosh in 1847. 
He sold out to H. N. Marsh in 1848, and left for California, In 
1853 he returned, repurchased an interest in the True Democrat 
with Buel A, Fuller, and conducted the paper until 1857, when 
his duties as Circuit Clerk and Recorder required all his atten- 
tion. Joseph L. Braden purchased the paper in 1857, and 
conducted it under its original name until 1864, when it was 
changed to the Joliet EepuUican. 

The Joliet Republican, successor of the True Democrat, was 
established in 1864 by Joseph L. Braden, who edited it until 
his death in 1866. In 1869 James Goodspeed purchased the 
office, and continued to publish it up to the time of its consolid- 
ation with the Sun. In 1874 Alex. Mcintosh became political 
editor, which position he held until 1877. Judson C. Porter 
was the local editor from 1875. 

The Joliet Weekly Sun was established in July, 1873, by C. 
B. Hayward, and conducted by him until date of consolidation 
with the Republican. In 1878 A. Mcintosh was appointed 
political editor of the Sun. 

The Joliet Daily Sun, the pioneer daily journal, was first 
issued by Mr. Hayward, E. S. Barney and others, in October, 
1874, subsequently managed by E. S. Barney, and published 
until consolidation with the Republicati. 

The Republican- Sun, published by E. M. Woods, is, in fact, 
a continuation of the pioneer daily newspaper of Joliet. This 
journal is a thorough Republican paper, well edited, newsy, and 
worthy of the large patronage extended to it. 

Tlie Joliet Record was founded in 1870-1, by Daniel C. Hen- 
derson, as a Democratic weekly newspaper. His brothers, James 
E, and John D, Henderson, were associated with him in the 
publication of this journal. After disposing of the Record to 
the present editor and proprietor, D. G. Henderson took the 
position of editor on the Rejmblicayi-Siin, which he now occu- 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 261 

pies. W. W. Stevens, the present editor and proprietor, is an 
old resident of the county. The ofl&ce is valued at '^3,500. 
The weekly issue is 1,375. 

The JoUet Netus was founded in April, 1877, by Charles F. 
Dutcher, who conducted it as a morning newspaper until Octo- 
ber, 1877, when the oflSce was purchased by J. H. Ferris, R. W. 
Nelson, H. E. Baldwin, and others. To the morning paper 
was added the Weekly News, devoted to general news and 
espousing the platform of the Greenback party. H. E. Bald- 
win became a member of the staff October 1, 1877, with E. S. 
Barney, now of the Press, manager. Mr. Tait subsequently 
had an interest in this journal. The Dally Neius of to-day, 
edited and published by James H. Ferris, is metropolitan in its 
mechanical style, newsy, and well edited. The office employes 
forty-one hands. Jule Schneider is city editor; C. C. Boston, 
circulator; H. E. Baldwin, advertising department; Lincoln 
Euttledge, collector, and George D. Tait manager of job de- 
partment. 

The Jolict Phmiix, established January 1, 1877, by James 
H. Ferris, J. S. McDonald, W. P. Haughey, and Leon McDon- 
ald, was a journalistic confederation, so to speak. In the 
county-seat Phcenix were the hearts of the Lockport Phoenix, 
the Wilmington Phoenix, and the Lemont Phoenix. At Joliet, 
J. S. McDonald was editor; at Lockport, Leon McDonald; at 
Wilmington, 0. H. Duck and F. H. Hall, and at Lemont, W. 
P. Haughey. With the appearance of this new Phoenix, the 
old Will County Courier, the Lemont Eagle, the Plainfield 
Echo, the Lockport Phcenix, the Braiilwood Phoenix, and the 
Wilmington Phoenix ceased distinct publication, and all mus- 
tered in under the standard of the New Phoenix. In the fall of 

1877, Alex. Mcintosh took the position of managing editor of 
the Joliet Phoenix, which position he held until July, 1878. 
Mr. McDonald is still connected as principal with the Phoenix 
Company (see Lockport Phoenix). 

WochenUatt fur Nord Illinois was founded at Joliet in 
November, 1877. George Schutte purchased this journal in 

1878, and it is now published and edited by J. F. Dorr. The 
Wochetihlatt is undoubtedly one of the leading German weeklies 
in Illinois, is well edited and printed. 

The Daily Press was issued August 22, 1883, by Messrs. Bar- 
ney & Co., with E. S. Barney, manager; Leon McDonald, cashier, 
and I. V. Park, editor. The prospects of this journal from the 
beginning were exceptionally good; at the close of September, 
1883, the circulation reached 1,50(»: at the beginning of 1884,. 
2,000, and at the close of its tirst year, 2,3<>0 — considered the 
limit of circulation for a competitor among three daily papers 
in a city the size of Joliet. The Press has grappled all public 
questions in an independent and energetic manner, and is con- 



262 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOKT. 

sidered a vigilant guardian of the city's interests. Mr. Barney 
was one of the first projectors of that enterprise which resulted 
in establishing the first daily paper — the Sun — in Joliet, under 
his management. Subsequently he was manager of the Daily 
Neivs. Disposing of his interest in the Ne-ws, he selected Messrs. 
McDonald and Park, and, with them as associates, entered on 
the publication of the Press. George Thompson, one of the 
projectors and proprietors of the Braidwood Siftings, assumed 
control of the advertising department; later, acquired an equal 
interest in the publication of the Press; and, after Mr. McDon- 
ald's retirement from the co-partnership, assumed the position 
of cashier. Wm. Byle, who purchased Mr. McDonald's interest, 
is in charge of the circulating department. The Press is edited 
by I. V. Park. The office is well manned and equipped. The 
plant is valued at 16,000, and the whole office is characteristic 
of journalistic enterprise. The Weehly Press, issued also by 
this company, is an excellent and newsy journal. 

Sunday Tribune ajDpeared for the first time August 24, 1884. 
It is a bright looking sheet, published by Allen Gr. Hawley and 
S. D. Tillotson. This makes four Sunday papers for this city. 
Clirisfs Protestant Episcopal Church, Joliet, was founded 
May 16, 1835, with the following members: Comstock Hanford, 
John Griswold, Miles Rice, Oren Westover, A. W. Bowen, M. 
C. Bowen, Julia Ann Hanford and Amorett B. Griswold. 
Bishop Chase presided over a meeting to organize, with A. W. 
Bowen as secretary. Rev. J. W. Hallam held services here pre- 
vious to March, 1835. At organization C. Hanford and J. 
Griswold were chosen wardens; Miles Rice, 0. Westover, and A. 
W. Bowen, vestrymen. Rev. A. H, Garnish was the missionary 
pastor in 1838. William Blair and Michael Shoemaker, old offi- 
cers of the society, left the parish in 1842, and an election was 
held in November of that year to fill the vacancy thus caused. 
Rev. W. W. Bostwick presided. Rev. Chas. Todd was appointed 
pastor in 1845; Rev. Daniel E. Brown, 1847; Rev. S. D. Pul- 
ford, 1852; Rev. James De Witt Clinton Locke, 1857; Rev. 
John Wilkinson, 1859; Rev. Charles A. Gilbert, 1861-73; Rev. 
William Chase (supply), 1873; Rev. Jonas Green, Nov., 1873, 
May, 1875; Rev. J. W. Tays, Nov., 1875; Rev. G. W. Morrell, 
1876, rector, Jan., 1877, served until May, 1878; Rev. H. C. 
Kenny, 1878, to Aug. , 1880, and Rev. J. H. White, the present 
pastor, appointed in January, 1881. The number of communi- 
cants in 1884 is 135. Value of property about $7,000. The 
membership of the Sunday-school is 125. The Sunday-school 
library is supplied with about 500 volumes. S. C. Sanborn pre- 
sides over the parish school, which claims an average attendance 
of 27 pupils. At the time of this organization there were only 
four Protestant Episcopal parishes in Illinois, viz. : St. Judes, 
Jacksonville, August 2, 1832; Christ Church, Rushville, Feb- 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 263 

ruary, 1834; St. Paul's, Peoria, October, 1834, and Grace 
Church, Beardstown, in February, 1835. In February, 1839, 
Dr. Bowen presented the society with the original building lots. 
In September, 1845, these lots were sold, and those on which 
the church building now stands were purchased from H. K. 
Stevens for 1130. The church building was erected in 1856-7 
at a cost of $7,000, and enlarged and improved at a cost of 
12,500 in 1870. The Protestant Episcopal church mission was 
the rolling mills district in 1872-3. 

Presbyterian Clmrch was founded at Joliet, August 12, 1835, 
with Simon Z. Haven, Stephen Hubbard, Josiah Beaumont, 
Mrs. Eliza Beaumont, Doctor Daniel Keed, Mrs. Cinda Eeed, 
Elias Haven, Mrs. Emily N. Haven, Mrs. Eliza Prentiss, and 
her sister. Miss Delia Butler, with Eeverend J. H. Prentiss, 
organizing pastor, and Reverend Mr. Kirbly, of Hadley, mod- 
erator. In 1838, Mr. Prentiss. In November, 1838, Doctor 
Adams and others asked Eeverend Lucius Foote, of Eockford, 
to hold meetings at Joliet. He, not being able to attend, sent 
his brother Hiram, and followed himself in January, 1839. 
About this time he organized the Union Church, and the First 
Presbyterian Church of Joliet ceased to exist for some years. 
The society was reorganized August 3, 1866, by Eeverend J. H. 
Trowbridge, then of Chicago, with the following members: 
W. C. Wood and Mrs. Wood, George H. Woodruff and Mrs. 
Achsah Woodruff, Elijah and Mrs. Shaw, F. K. and Mrs. 
Bailey, William F. and Mrs. Barrett, H. N. Marsh and Mrs. 
Marsh, Mrs. Ada M. Gaskell, Josiah Beaumont and Mrs. Beau- 
mont, Charles E. and Mrs. Ward, Mrs. C. H. Bailey, Samuel and 
Mrs. Hamill, C. 0. and Mrs. Eussell, Henry and Mrs. Wheeler, 
Charles and Mrs. Demmond, Mrs. Anne Eussell, and Mrs. E. 
Adams. Eeverend 0. A. Kingsbury accepted a call to the 
pastorate, October 2, 1867. In July, 1867, George H. Wood- 
ruff, William F. Barrett, and Charles Ward were appointed a 
Building Committee. December 22, 1867, the house of wor- 
ship was dedicated, having up to that time cost $7,000. 
Charles Bearse presented the pulpit, and Thomas Lord, of 
Chicago, presented the communion service. The tower and 
bell were added in 1875 at an expense of $2,000, which was 
paid by Mrs. S. Demmond. In June, 1869, Eeverend C. E. 
Burdick was called to the pastorate. In the fall of 1871, Eev- 
erend J. W. Knott filled the pulpit as supply. Previous to his 
time, in May, 1871, the Central Presbyterian (successor to the 
old Congregational Church) proposed to unite, but it was 
declined. In 1872, Eeverend T. L. Gulick was supply. Eev- 
erend James McLeod was called to the pastorate in February; 
1873. In September, 1877, Eeverend Thomas M. Gunn was 
called, and installed pastor in April, 1878. He is the present 
pastor. George H. Woodruff, H. B. Scutt, and T. A. Mason 



264 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

are trustees. The Woman's Missionary Society was organized 
March 2t>, 1864. 

Central Presbyterian Church. The original Presbyterian 
Church of 1835 ceased to exist in 1838. In January, 1839, a 
religious society, with a Congregational form of government, 
was organized by Reverend Lucius Foote, and carried on for a 
short time under Eeverend Ephraim Strong, services being held 
in the Old Stone Block. Out of this organization the Congre- 
gational society of January, 1844, was formed, witH Eeverend 
B. W. Dwight pastor, and twenty-two members. Reverend 
Hutchins Taylor succeeded Mr. Dwight; Reverend Royal Reed 
followed Mr. Taylor, and then Reverend L. H. Loss in 1849. 
Mr. Demmond donated this society a building lot on the bluff, 
where a stone foundation was laid. Notwithstanding this, the 
church was erected under Mr. Loss's advice, in 1852, on Ottawa 
street, and forms to-day the Central Presbyterian Church. 
Reverend John Kidd succeeded Mr. Loss in 1856, and he 
served as stated supply for some years. Reverend A. H. Dean, 
under whom the church of 1852 was enlarged in 1871, suc- 
ceeded Reverend H. D. Jenkins; he was the successor of Rev- 
erend Mr. Hubbard, and he followed Mr. Kidd in the pastoral 
charge. Since 1852 this organization has been known as the 
Central Presbyterian Church. 

Universalist Church and Society were organized in 1836, by 
Rev. Aaron Kenny, and services were held within the first Court 
House for some time. Mr. Kenny resigned in 1840, when the 
pulpit was supplied by Rev. W. Rounsville, of Ceneva. He 
was called to the pastorate subsequently; but how long he re- 
mained is unknown, as all records previous to 1844 cannot be 
found. Rev. W. W. Dean was engaged as pastor in Nov., 1843, 
and held the position until July, 1847. During his term the first 
church edifice was completed and dedicated by him — its cost 
was 11,800. Rev. F. J. Briggs was engaged as pastor March 18, 
1848, and served until the close of 1851. In Dec, 1853, Rev. 
J, Codding accepted a call and was installed pastor. He was 
followed by Rev. J. P. Averill, who was pastor until the Rev. 
Henry R. Walworth's time. In March, 1856, a Building Com- 
mittee of the society was instructed to contract for an edifice 
to be built of stone and well finished for $15,000. How well 
this Committee acted the part allotted is shown in the Gothic 
church building which they gave to the city. This building 
was dedicated by Mr. Walworth. In May, 1858, he resigned, 
when Rev. Otis A. Skinner became pastor. For six or seqen years 
after this the pulpit was sujaplied. In November, 1868, Rev. 
S. L. Rovipaugh was engaged pastor — he was followed in June, 
1870, by Rev. C. H. Dutton; he by Rev. Asher Moore in 
October, 1871; then Rev. W. A. Start in October, 1874; Rev. 
T. N. Glover in 1876, and he was succeeded September 1, 1878, 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 265 

by Eev. T. Laing, the present pastor. The oppressive debt of 
1856-1865 was paid off March 21, 1865, and since that time the 
society worships in the architecturally beautiful church which 
cost its members so much money and anxiety. 

Methodist Episcopal Church. So early as 1832 the Methodist 
preacher was heard in the neighborhood of Joliet. In 1836-7 
the Joliet Circuit was established, an M. E. Society organ- 
ized here by Eev. S. R. Beggs, and the building of a house of 
worship projected. This house was begun and completed in 
1838 and cost -$2,500. The property was condemned in 1852 for 
the C, R. I. & P. Railroad Company, Avho paid the Society for 
it the sum of 8800, and subsequently used it as the railroad 
blacksmith shops. Immediately after the loss of this pioneer 
building a $10,000 house of worship and parsonage were built. 
This building was destroyed by fire in 1859, giving place to a 
stone structure, erected at a cost of $8,000. 

Methodist Episcopal Church [Richards Street). This society 
was organized out of the original society in 1876. The church 
building was erected in 1877 at a cost of $5,500, of which sum 
Otis Hardy contributed $5,000. The Rolling Mill Mission Chapel 
erected in 187-4, cost $2,000. Rev. Isaac Scarritt, successor of 
Rev. Jesse Walker as Superintendent of the Fox River Mission 
in 1828, settled in DuPage township in 1832, and was one of the 
first Methodist preachers who visited the new settlement at 
Joliet Mound. Stephen R. Beggs and Mr. West were also in 
the field in 1834. 

Colored Methodist Church Society was organized in April, 
1884, by Rev. W. F. Alexander of Chicago. The first services 
of this society were held in a basement on Ottawa street. 

The Baptist Church. — Was organized by Elder Ashley. Its 
history is taken from a sketch written in 1878 for the County 
History, wherein it is stated that the first meetings of this 
society were held and their first church organized in the build- 
ing on the West Side, on Broadway, in recent years used as a 
school house; and one of the first pastors of this society was 
Rev. S. Knapp. The original members in 1837 were Elijah 
Johnson, Mrs. Higginbotham, Mrs. Channery, Mrs. Lagwin, 
Deacon Green, Mrs. Green and R. B. Ashley. This church 
seems to have become for a while extinct. The present one on 
the East Side grew out of it. The latter was fully organized 
February 16, 1853, a council having been called for that pur- 
pose, which was presided over by Rev. R. B. Ashley, of Plain- 
field. The following are the original members: Prudence Bur- 
dick, J. B. Wait, Jesse Kyrk, Michael Tait, Margaret Tait, 
Thomas Tait, Eliza Henry, F. Crouch, Eliza Crouch, Henry 
Watkins, J. C. Williams and Sarah Williams. Their meetings 
were held in the Court House and other places until July, 1858. 
It was determined to send a representative east to solicit aid, 
17 



266 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

and accordingly Mrs. S. F. Savage was chosen. During her six 
months' travels, she sent the Building Society an average of 
1500 per month. In this manner, together with what was ob- 
tained at home, the present elegant church building was erected, 
and dedicated in 1859. The following are the pastors of this 
church since its organization: Eev. J, F. Childs, 1853; Eev. 
W. J. Clarke, 1854; Eev. A. B. Foskett, 1856; Eev. E. P. 
Savage, 1859 (supply); Eev. E. Button, 1859; Eev. W. P. Pat- 
terson, 1862; Eev. C. H. Eemington, 1884; Eev, A. G. Eber- 
hart, 1868; Eev. E. Leslie, 1871; Eev. J. P. Phillips, 1874; 
Eev. H. State, 1877; Eev. Mr. Conely is the present pastor. 

*S';^. Patrick's Catholic Cliurcli is one of the oldest Catholic 
churches in Northern Illinois. Was founded in 1838, by Eev. 
Father Plunkett, who commenced building the church that 
year. The death of Father Plunkett is remembered still by 
many of the old- members. He had been out on a collecting 
mission for his church, and was returning home in the midst of 
a March snow-storm, riding very fast against the wind with his 
head bowed low to protect his face from the storm, when his 
head struck the limb of a tree extended over the road, killing 
him almost instantly. After the death of Father Plunkett, Eev. 
Father Du Pontdavis, a Frenchman, became the pastor, and 
remained about four years, and was succeeded by Father Ing- 
oldsby. He remained also about four years, when Father Ham- 
ilton took charge, remaining about four years, and was followed 
by two other clergymen, neither of whom remained long. 
Father Farley then came, and remained in charge for four- 
teen years, when he was succeeded by Father Power, the pres- 
ent pastor. In 1868, for the accommodation of the people, 
the parish was divided, and another formed on the east side of 
the river, known as St. Mary's Parish. Efforts were made to 
obtain the early records of this church, which are said to be in 
existence, without avail. The above brief sketch is abridged 
from the work published by Le Baron & Co., in 1878. 

St. Jolm the Ba.jjtist's Ghurcli. — Was founded in 1852, and 
a stone church building erected in North Joliet at a cost of $12,- 
000. Eev. L, Eegel, a French ecclesiastic, was the first priest 
of this German parish church. Within this original German 
church the tragedy of July 31, 1864, was enacted. During the 
early mass the spire was struck by the electric fluid, which ran 
down into the gallery, and there parting in two currents, de- 
scended into the earth. Mr. Woodruff, describing the scene, 
says: The smoke or vapor, which followed the report, gave the 
impression that the church was on fire, and an insane rush was 
made for the doors and windows, which were broken out and 
torn from their hinges, and but for the presence of mind of the 
pastor, a still more frightful loss of life must have resulted. 
When the terror of the crowd had been calmed, and the fact 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 267 

ascertained that the church was not on fire, the killed and 
wounded were looked after. They were carried out into the open 
air, and those who were not fatally injured recovered conscious- 
ness in the falling rain. The following persons were found to be 
dead: Mrs. Hartman, 35 years old, leaving three children; Mrs. 
Ingles, aged 56; Nicholas Young, aged 15; Matthias Engle, 
aged 17, and Samuel Weyman, 18 years. About twenty more 
were seriously injured. In 18GG the building was razed, and the 
present beautiful church erected at a cost of over $50,000. Pre- 
vious to the coming of the Benedictines, the following priests pre- 
sided successively : Reverends Caspar Mueller, Ranch and Kumin. 
The Benedictine fathers presided one year, when Father Algeir 
took charge. He was followed by Rev. F. X. Nolte, who came 
in 1867-8 and remained until 1876, when the Franciscan fathers, 
under Rev. Gerard Becher, arrived. They are the priests who 
attend to Catholic convicts at the penitentiary. The German 
congregation numbers about 2,000. 

St. Mary's Catholic Church was separated from the original 
parish in 1868, and the new parish formed under the pastorate 
of Rev. P. W. Riordan, a name afterwards identified with modern 
Chicago. He had been preceded by Rev. Father Flanagan, the 
Church Builder, now of" St. Anne's, Englewood, who remained 
about a year, and built a small wooden church near the Alton 
depot, and must be considered the founder of the parish. Father 
Riordan remained about two years and was succeeded by Father 
Mackin, who remained in charge for five years. Father Murphy 
was the next pastor and in about one year was succeeded by Rev. 
Maurice F. Burke, the present pastor, who took charge in April, 
1878. The corner stone of the present magnificent church of 
St. Mary, was laid by Rev. Thomas B. Murphy in August, 1877, 
and the work pushed forward with so much rapidity, that the 
basement was ready for occupancy a year later, and on the 11th 
of August, 1878, it was dedicated by the late Bishops Foley and 
Right Rev. Dr. McMullin, late Bishop of Dubuque. It is built 
of Joliet limestone; is 70x133 feet, and 302 feet to the cross of 
the spire which extended 90 feet above the tower. The entire 
structure cost about 165,000, and is certainly one of the great 
church buildings of the west. It is located in the heart of the 
city. The building was completed and dedicated August 15, 
1882. The stone work was done by Charles and Wm. Werner; the 
wood frame-work by Devine & O'Connell; the plastering by 
James Beanley, and the spire erected in 1879 by P. R. Bannon, 
all of Joliet. St. Mary's Total Abstinence and Benevolent So- 
ciety, composed principally of members of this congregation, 
was organized in January, 1883. The present membership is 
forty-five. The first president was David J. Harrington. Patrick 
Burke presides at present with John J. Smith, secretary. 

First German Evangelical Lutheran Church is an offshoot of 



268 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

the German Evangelical Church on the West Side, of which 
Eeverend Christian Sans became the pastor in 1860. In 1871, 
a separation took place, when the more liberal members, with 
Eeverend Mr. Sans, organized a church on the East Side under 
the above title. The society erected a very elegant church, but 
only the basement was completed up to 1879, owing to a failure 
to receive money subscribed by people in Chicago just before the 
great fire. It was ultimately completed and dedicated under 
the auspices of the Wartburg Evangelical Synod, of Central 
and Southern Illinois, to the jurisdiction of which it belongs. 
The building cost about 19,000. 

The German Lutheran Church, from which the First 
German Evangelical Society separated in 1871, is in the juris- 
diction of the Missouri Synod. Its membership forms a very 
important section of the city's population. The house of 
worship is located in West Joliet. 

Joliet Lodge U. D. was organized under dispensation granted 
by the Grand Lodge of Kentucky in November, 1840. A 
charter was issued to the lodge in October, 1842, making it No. 
10, in the Kentucky jurisdiction. Among the thirty-five 
orginal members were: — Joel A. Matteson, Benjamin Richard- 
son, David L. Gregg, James Brodie, Charles Wetherbee, Jared 
Runyon, Henry G. Brown, Jacob Patrick, Norman Hawley, 
Maurice Murphy, Robert G. Cook, Thomas J. Wade, Aaron 
^ Kenney, Fenner Aldrich, and Thomas Williams. In 1846 the 
Grand Lodge of Illinois annulled the Kentucky charter. 

Mt. Joliet Lodge No. 42 was chartered October, 8, 1846 with 
William E. Little, W. M; Joel George, S. W. and David Par- 
rish, J. W. The names of Joshua Rucker, Malachi Kennedy, 
Uri Osgood, Thomas J. Kenney, Daniel Curtiss and William 
Smith appear in addition to the greater number of names 
given above as members of Joliet Lodge No. 10. From 
1846 to 1877 the record of elections could not be found by the 
writer. John Gray served as W. M., from 1877 to 1882; R. H. 
Pierce in 1882; Joseph Davidson in 1883. The secretaries 
were: John S. Millar, 1877-9; D. G. Wells, 1880; John S. 
Millar, 1881; C. A. Noble, 1882-3; S. S. Tyler, 1884. The 
number of present membership is 136. Fred Munch and W. 
C. Ream are S. W. and J. W. respectively. 

Matteson Lodge No. 175 was constituted by warrant, Octo- 
ber 3, 1855. In October, 1856, it received its charter. The fol- 
lowing named have held the office of W. M. ; William Smith, 
1885; Nelson D. Elwood, 1856: William S Brooks, 1857; James 
T. McDougall, 1858; Edmund Wilcox, 1859-60; Benjamin Rich- 
ardson, 1861; L. A. Fuller, 1862-3; William Smith, 1864; C. 
A. Gilbert, 1865; William H. Mosher, 1866; Samuel C. Stearns, 
1867-9; H. T. Woodruff, 1870-1; David G. Wells, 1872 and 
1877; Charles B. Garnsey, 1873-4; Chanery Puffer, 1875; and 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. Jib^ 

1881-3; Daniel H. Pierce, 1876; William G. Wilcox, 1878; 
George C. Raynor, 1879-80; John B, Fithian is the present W. 
M. with D. G. Wells, Secretary, and E. E. Howard, Tyler. 
The membership is 124. 

Joliet Cliapter No. 27, E. A. M. was chartered October 2, 
1856, with the following named members: William Smith, Nel- 
son D. Elwood, Adial S. Jones, William S. Brooks, John 
Young, Benjamin Foster, Mahlon Ayres, Joel M. Parks, James 
T. McDougall. A charter was granted October 24, 1872, 
reconstituting this chapter. The high priests of the chapter 
since 1856 (each of whom served one year), are given as follows: 
Wm. Smith, N. D. Elwood, N. D. Elwood, H. W. Hubbard, 
W. S. Brooks, N. D. Elwood, Geo. R. McGregor, C. E. Hunger, 
C. E. Hunger, W. W. Stevens, C. A. Gilbert. C. A. Gilbert, C. 
A. Gilbert, S. S. White, W. W. Stevens, W. W. Stevens, D. G. 
Wells, D. G. Wells, T. L. Breckenridge, W. W. Stevens, W. W. 
Stevens, D. G. Wells, D. Rosenheim, J. G. Elwood, C. Puffer, 
C. Puffer, C. Puffer, D. G. Wells, and John Woods, the present 
presiding officer, with W. C. Ream K., and A. E. Cagwin, Scribe. 
The secretaries of the chapter were Geo. R. HcGregor, 1856; 0. 
P. Phillips, 1857-8 and 1863-4; Benjamin Richardson, 1859; S. 
P. Hunger, 1860-1; S. D. Foote, 1862; H. T. Woodruff, 1865-7; 
H. A. Sanger, 1868; A. A. Osgood, 1869-71; W. F. Saylor, 
1872; S. A. Hateer, 1873-6; J. C. Lang, 1877-80; S. E. Pearce, 
1881; T. R. Blair, 1882; C. A. Noble, 1883; and D. G. Wells, 
1884. There is a membership of 124. 

Joliet Covimandery, No. If, K. T. was instituted February 23, 
1858, and chartered November 5, 1858, with nine charter mem- 
bers, viz: N. D. Elwood, Wm. S. Brooks, H. W. Hubbard, W. 
C. Hunt, H. L. Stewart, H. W. Bigelow, L. P. Hilliard, Reuben 
Cleveland, James Wadsworth. Among the commanders elected 
since organization were N. D. Elwood. 1858-60; W. S. Brooks, 
1860, 1862 and 1864; Ed. Wilcox, 1861; G. R. HcGregor, 1863; 
C. E. Hunger, 1865-8; C. A. Gilbert, 1869; S. C. Stearns, 1870; 
R. P. Denker, 1871-3. John S. Hillar. Wm. Green Wilcox is 
the present Commander, with D. G. Wells, Recorder. The 
strength of the command is about 140. 

The old Masonic Hall was destroyed by fire in February, 
1866, entailing a loss upon the different lodges of over ^^7,000. 
In July, 1872, a second fire destroyed and damaged masonic 
property to the extent of over 18,000 of which sum -i!6,000 were 
paid by insurance companies. The present quarters of the 
masonic circle of Joliet are extensive and elegant, outside the 
great cities, nothing more complete can be found. 

Poi{)lian Lodge, No. 29, I. 0. 0. F., was chartered July 13, 
1847, with the following named members: J. T. HcDougall, 
Abijah Cagwin, Phineas Wheeler, Hansfield Wheeler, S. W. 
Bowen, A. Hclntosh, Harvey Wheeler, and William HcDougall. 



270 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

The charter was issued by AY. W. N. Parke, Grand Master, and 
S. A. Corneau, Grand Secretary. The first officers were: J. T. 
McDoiigall, N. G. ; Phineas Wheeler, V. G. ; S. W. Bowen, R. 
S. ; A. Cagwin, Treasurer, and William McDougall, P. S. S. 

0. Simonds was elected Treasurer of this lodge at each election 
for nineteen years. William Tell Lodge, No. 219, I. 0. 0. F., 
was chartered October 13, 1857. The charter members were: 
Leopold Schwabacher, Adam Werner, Solomon Louer, Gabriel 
Hauch, J. L. Guirard, and Martin Wagoner. Joliet Encamp- 
ment, No. 72, I. 0. 0. F., was chartered October 8, 1867, with 
the following members: Ed. Cleghorn, A. D. Edgworth, G. H. 
TJchlman, Isaac S. Watson, Jacob Whitmore, Gabriel Hauch, 
Isaac Schring, and C. 0. Braun. Eagle Encampment, No. 139, 

1. 0. 0. F., received its charter October 8, 1872, The charter 
members were: A. D. Edgworth, Franklin Haines, James Mc- 
Evoy, F. J. Richards, John Brown, John F. Tarball and George 
S. Kinney. Pocahontas Lodge, No. 59, Daughters of Rebecca, 
was chartered October 14, 1873. 

Ancient Order of Hibernians. — This society was introduced 
into Will county in 1872. Division No. 2 was organized at 
Joliet, and chartered October 1, 1874, with James Boland, Presi- 
dent; Patrick Kane, Vice-President; Patrick Shanahan, Record- 
ing Secretary; Peter Mackin, Assistant Secretary, and Henry 
Fanning, Treasurer. Patrick C* Haley was President from 
April, 1875, to April, 1877. Patrick Kane was elected in 1877; 
John O'Neil, in 1878: John Mason, in 1879; Patrick H. Mc- 
Sherry, in 1880-1; John T. Donohue, in 1882 and 1883-4. The 
Secretaries of the division since organization are named as fol- 
lows: Patrick Shanahan, 1874; P. H. McSherry, 1875; John 
O'Neil, 1876-7; Thomas Kelly, 1878; Bernard McGann, 1879; 
John Dougherty, 1880-1; Frank Smith, 1882, and John J. Fos- 
ter, 1883-4. The county delegates since 1874 have been James 
Powers, 1874; Edward Hannett, 1875; James Donohue, 1876-7; 
P. H. McSherry, 1878-80; Edmund Gushing, 1881; Robert T. 
Kelly, 1882, and Thomas P. Haughton, 1883-4. There are two 
other divisions of this order established in Joliet. Although 
every reasonable means was taken to obtain authentic informa- 
tion regarding these divisions, Nos. 3 and 4, such information 
was not forthcoming. 

Stone City Lodge, No. 26, A. 0. U. W., was instituted No- 
vember 17, 1876, with the following members : Henry Smith, 
John Davy, John C. Gunlock, John McCowin, Franklin Collins, 
David Sheldon, Wm. James, John Gregg, Daniel Davis, Geo. 
Hawkins, Ed. Hillock, Geo. Williams, Chas. I. Doric, Paul 
Hopkins, Sam. Hillock, Sam. Mullin, Thos. Lappage, Gus. 
Weil, Merrit P. Campbell; and Charter officers: James W. Pat- 
terson, P. M. W. ; Wm. B. Frazer, M. W. ; John Smith, G. F. ; 
Henry Hardy, 0.; John Lowry, R.; John PettigrcAv, F.; James 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 271 

Morris, E. ; John Cox, G., Harry Lumley, J. W. ; James Ar- 
nott, 0. W. The present P. M. W. is Chas. Eckert; M. W. 
Jas. W. Patterson, and Recorder, M. W. Watkins; the member- 
ship is 26. 

JoUet Lodge, jVo. 89, A. 0. U. W. was organized June 4, 
1877, with the following members: Albert J. Sanger, David 
Rosenheim, L. C. Mitchell, L. B. Dewey, Wm. Sandiford, 
Roger Sandiford, Chas. B, Shouse, Chas. B. Garnsey and Ara 
E. Brown. L. C. Mitchell was P. M. W. and Roger Sandiford 
M. W., with C. B. Garnsey, Recorder. Since 1877 the follow- 
ing Master Workmen have been elected: C. B. Shouse, 1878; 
AV. H. Pacey, 1878; M. F. Hand, 1879; F. P. Fry, 1880; E. 
D. Avery, 1881; E. H. Young, 1882; M. F. Hand, 1883, and 
Albert J. Sanger, 1881. The Recorders: E. H. Young, 1878; 
A. J. Sanger, 1878; A. H. Young, 1879-80; W. Sandiford, 
1881-2; Thomas Severn, 1883-1. The number of members is 
54; three members of the lodge died, viz: Joseph Stafford, 
March 24, 1880; Ara E. Brown, January 8, 1882, and E. D. 
Avery, March 10, 1883. 

Knights of Pythias, Holy Grail Lodge, No. 39, Avas organ- 
ized in December, 1872. Although a very modern association, it 
is strong in numbers and influence. The present membership 
is 140. Franklin Collins is Chancellor, and T. L. Longley 
K. of R. and S. 

JoUet Young Men's Christian Association was organized 
April 12, 1882,'with W. F. Reed President and W. J. LaFavor 
Executive Secretary. In September, 1883, JST. D. Dyer, the 
present President was elected. J. T. Wyllie was elected Gen- 
eral Secretary, May 22, 1883. The present officers are N. D. 
Dyer, President; G. L. Vance, A^ice President; J. T. AVyllie, 
General Secretary; F. Carson, Recording Secretary; AV. F. 
Reed, Treasurer. The Directors are, AVm. Ross, J. Carson, Jr., 
W. J. McDowell, B. F. Moore, Dr. Hocking, and A. Tonks. 
The present membership is 167, of whom 121 are young men, 24 
ladies, and 22 boys. The reading-room is furnished with forty 
leading newspapers and magazines, while the library contains 
189 volumes. The rooms are located in the Stephens Block, 
North Chicago street. The C. L, S. C. was organized Novem- 
ber 7, 1883, since which time studies,under the Chautauqua plan, 
have been regularly given. The membership is 35; Dorrence 
Debell is President. The Chinese Sunday-school was instituted 
October 21, 1883, for the purpose of giving Christian instruc- 
tion to the five Chinamen now in the city. The names of the 
scholars are Mon Ho, Moy Hing, Moy Quong, Leo Him Yuen, 
Moy Tuen, Gim Kuen Dep. A scholar of 1883 left the city in 
January, 1884. 

The Will County Bible Society is a well-organized society. 
The oflEicers for 1881-5 are: President, Otis Hardy; Secretary, 



2Y2 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOEY. 

Dr. A. Nash; Treasurer, Geo. H. Woodruff. The financial 
condition of the society is exceedingly good. 

Turnverein Joliet. — Was organized April 28, 1873; number 
of members, 35. The officers for 1884 are, Oscar Weinebrod, 
President ; C. Oesterte, Secretary ; John G-ross, Treasurer; 
John Cremer, first Turnwart; Ad. Gembitzki, second Turn- 
wart ; Henry Hassig, Cashier ; D. Marlaner, Janitor. 

Bartleson Post No. 6 G. A. E. — Was organized October 25, 
1882. The members of this post, who are not noticed in the 
military chapter owing to their enlistment outside this county, 
are named in the following list : Names and roster of G. A. K. — 
K. M. Woods, 64th Illinois Infantry; W. H. Price, served in 2d 
Kentucky Calvary 3 years; D. J. Woodley, in 8th Pennsylvania 
Infantry ; John J. Austin, in 82d New York Infantry; Wm. 
Dougall, M. D., in 15th Indiana Cavalry; W. W. Fithian, 16th 
Kansas Cavalry; E. J. Morrison, 3d North Carolina Cavalry; 
0. Brown, 16th Michigan Infantry; John Butler, 9th Indiana 
Infantry; John Laskey, 9th Massachusetts Infantry; Sam. Ches- 
nutt, 26th Ohio Infantry; C. H. Harris, 19th Ohio Infantry; 
Jonas Seeley, 4th Illinois Cavalry; J, D. McCullis, 2d Iowa 
Infantry; S. A. Oliver, 8th Massachusetts Infantry; James Mil- 
ler, U. S. Navy; C. Rost, 20th Massachusetts Cavalry; E. E. 
Howard, 4th Massachusetts Horse Artilery; Jos, Ebner, 109th 
New York Infantry; L. Dhuy, 20th New York Infantry; A. H. 
Goble, 142d Pennsylvania Infantry; Thos. Severn, 25th Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry; James Wall, 33d New York Infantry; G. W. 
Beber, 15th Michigan Infantry; Franklin Hebert, 19th Wiscon- 
sin Infantry; W. t). C. Holmes, 7th Wisconsin Artillery; B, H. 
King, 5th Wisconsin Battery; James Egan, U. S. Navy; N. D. 
Dyer, 29th Missouri Infantry ; Chas. S. Cockett, 70th New 
York Infantry; H. B. Campbell, U. S. A; Jos. L. L. Watson, 
5th Pennsylvania Y. R. C. ; Geo. Potts, U. S. Engineer; Wm. 
H. C. Kearns, 29th Pennsylvania Infantry ; J. M. Baker, 44th 
Indiana Infantry; H. J. Jacobs, 110th Ohio Infantry ; Owen 
Hester, 1st New York Eng. ; Isaac Sawyer, 4th Indiana Cavalry; 
N. M. Spalding, 15th U. S. Infantry; J. W. Wyss, 15th New 
York Artillery; W. F. Proctor, 1st California Infantry ; Henry 
Down, 44th New York Infantry; Conrad Bhrehm, 134th New 
York Infantry ; Adam Bell, 9th Indiana Infantry ; Jacob R. 
Bossert, 110th Pennsylvania Infantry; Wm. Rivers, 22d New 
York Infantry; James E. Cutting, 4th Iowa Infantry; R. B. 
Homer, 15th New York Engineers; Matt Bliss, 7th Massachu- 
setts Infantry; F. H. Walker, 53d Massachusetts Infantry. 

Soldiers Buried in Joliet Townsliip. — The soldiers, 1861-5, 
buried in Oakwood, Joliet, are named in the following list: 
Lorenzo P. Sanger, A. S. Randall, John Call, Ellis Harwood, 
S. W. Strong, F. A. Bartleson, Fred. Matthews, Rodney S. 
Bowen, Newell Pratt, Chas. H. Matthews, Josiah Ingersoll, 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 273 

David G. Grover, Geo. D. Dyer, S. G. B. Carpenter, S. B. 
Nickerson, Sam Nickerson, A. Donnelly, D. Bailey, A. S. 
Dikeman, Matt. B. Gleen, W. M. Radcliff, E. M. Clark, H. B. 
Goddard, Walter A. Mallory, Gideon Berneir, Wm. F. Saylor, 
George A. Carew, Hubert Fellows, George H. Gewraan, W. B. 
Brown, E. Grandy, W. H. Marsh, Jas. H. Reynolds, Harvey 
Eange, Philip Sipple, James E. Haverland, Louis B. Hand,, L. 
D, Palmer, James Pdoss, John W. Edeel, Wm. Thompson, Wm. 
A. Steel, Nicholas Shaw, Franklin Nouer, Benj. Ingersoll, N, 
W. Flack, W. Reynolds, Geo, Johnson, M. W. Stoddard, Robert 
Stevens, A. H. Howk, Edmund W. Phelps, Wm. Evg-ns, Geo. 
Johnston. L. S. Charles, of the Mexican War, and John Cook 
and John J. Flack, of the Revolutionary War, are buried here 
also. In the Zarley Cemetery are interred: Calvin Service, 
Henry Law, Aaron Shreffler, Philip Scott, of 1861-5; Reazon 
Zarley and Wm. Hadsell, of 1812. The soldiers buried in the 
German Lutheran Cemetery are: John Bissell, Benedick Hoffer 
and Fred Front. The L-ish and Irish-American soldiers interred 
in St. Patrick's Catholic Cemetery are named in the following 
list: Edward Cunningham, John Noonan, John C. Reilley, 
Samuel Cuppy, James Bryson, Michael Farrell, John Sullivan, 
Francis Hebert, James Conway, John Lulius, Frank Green, 
Bernard Lynch, Jacob Fogel, William McGarr, Thomas Smith, 
Michael Leahey, James Galligher, Mathew Carnes, John 
O'Reilly. In St. John's Catholic Cemetery are the bodies of 
Conrad Gossman, Paul Staehle, Joseph St. Julian, Max Weimer, 
Mich. Weismantle, Ignatz Dollinger, John Yost. 

PuUic Library. — This completes the list of principal de- 
partments under the care of the city government. It had its 
origin in the Pioneer Library Association, which merged into 
the Joliet Historical Society in -1807. The organization of the 
Public Library, on its present basis, took place in November, 
1875. Its location, on Jefferson street, in the heart of the busi- 
ness portion of the city ; the number and variety of its collec- 
tion ; the arrangement and the manner in which it is conducted, 
all render it one of the most useful public institutions of the 
kind to be found in the country. The general collection of 
books and law libraries forming the private libraries of the city, 
are numerous and valuable. The library of W. A. Steele alone 
contains about 7,000 volumes, among which are some of the 
oldest works. 

Tlie Joliet Fire Department, — Organized in early days on 
the voluntary principle, was established as a city organization 
in 1877. It is well manned and equipped and forms, undoubt- 
edly, one of the leading departments to be found in the cities 
of this State outside of Chicago. 

Cemeteries. — Oakwood Cemetery, on the north bank of Hick- 
ory creek, was established as a cemetery in 1854, when it was 



274 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

platted. The Cemetery Company was organized in 1857, under 
a charter granted by the Legislature. Here many of the sol- 
diers of 1861-65 are buried. St. Patrick's Cemetery, one of the 
oldest places of interment in Northern Illinois, contains the 
remains of a few of the troops who served during the War for 
the Union. St. John's Catholic Cemetery has also its quota of 
deceased Union troops, while a few are interred in the German 
Lutheran burial-ground. The order in which these fields of 
the dead are kept is as creditable as it is just. 

State Penitentiary at Joliet. — In 1857 the Legislature au- 
thorized the building of a State Penitentiary near Joliet, ap- 
propriated $300,000 toward its construction, and appointed 
Commissioners to carry out the act. They purchased 72 19-100 
acres of land in section 3, Joliet township, fronting the canal, 
and there in August, 1857, the builders — Sanger & Casey — 
commenced work. In May, 1859, the prison was formally 
opened, and a number of criminals from the old house at Alton 
were introduced into it. Within the succeeding year the Alton 
house was untenanted, and this well-proportioned northern 
fortress became their hospitable home. From 1859 to 1867 the 
prison was leased to private wardens. In June, 1867, Commis- 
sioners were appointed to take charge of the institution for the 
State. From 1868 to 1870, the office of Penitentiary Com- 
missioners was made elective. In 1873 the law of 1871, author- 
izing appointment by the Governor, came into force, and with 
it an order for leasing the labor of convicts. The receipts from 
this source for the year 1884-85 will, it is estimated, yield $31-, 
000 more than former 3^ears, and render the institution a self- 
sustaining one for the first time since 1873, Convict labor 
was not much of a competition with outside labor, except 
locally. At Joliet work was done in the quarries after outside 
men quit. The value of products of the convicts last year was 
about $9,000,000, while those of outside men was $5,300,000,- 
000. While prisoners must work, the management provides 
them with books, religious instruction, healthy appartments, 
good food and clothing — in fact, with everything except license 
to do wrong. 

Tax-payers of Joliet Townsliip and City. — In the following- 
list of tax-payers the number of sections is given, where the 
person resides outside Joliet city. ' Joliet is the postal town: 

Abbott, George Adams, Mecagah S Adler, M 

Abrams, Henry Adams, William Adams, A. R 2 

Achenbach, Henry Adams, William Adams, C 3 

Achenbach, H Adams, W. J Akin, E. C, 7 

Adderly, William Adelman, Peter Akin, Mrs C 

Adler, P P Ader, Albert Akin, E H 15 

Adler, Jasper Adams, G P 33 Allison, A 7 

Adler, Jacob Adler, J C Alpaugh, J F & E 

Adams, Anna E Adler & Co Alpine, Fanny G Mrs- 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOEY. 



275. 



Alfrick, F 
Alexander, M 
Albright, Chris 
Allen, B F 
Allen, E K 
Allen, Eobert 
Alexander, H W 
Alpine, J C 
Alpine, Fr Mrs 
Ammerson, Christian 
Amos, Washington 
Anderson, Thomas 
Andrews. Michael 31 
Anderson, C. A 
Anderson, Peter 
Anderson, S 
Andrews, A 
Andrews, A L 
Anthony, William 8 
Anderson, A. Mrs 
Andrews, W J 
Anderson, W 
Anderson, James 
Anthony, W 8 
Apgar, M Lewis 
Arnsleen, Frederick 4 
Assenmacher, Henry 4 
Arrowsmith, A 15 
Armagast, William 
Arnold, O W 
Armhold, G 
Armhurst, John 
Arnold, Charlotte 
Arnold & Melick 
Arnold, Mrs C 
Arnold, G 

Assenmacher, Henry 
Ashley, J R 
Ashley, C N 
Ashley Wire Co 3 
Atkins, A W 
Atkinson, William 
Atkins, Reuben 
Atwood & Ryan 8 
Austin, Horace 
Augustine, N E Mrs 
Austin, Francis 
Avery, S P 
Avery, Mrs E A 
Ayxes, H H 
Bakewell, William 
Barker, Peter 
Bassam, Thomas 
Bartlow, William 
Bacon R J 
Bangman, John 
Bai-ney, Amanda S 
Barney, Edward S 
Barton, J T 



Barton, Janette E 
Baer, D C 
Bassett, William 
Barber, S J 
Barber, O 
Barber, Francis 
Barber, R E 
Bauer, William 
Bauer, N N 
Bartlett. Roxanna 
Baker, John 2 
Baker, F L 
Baker, L S 
Baldwin, Jesse 11 
Baldwin, Mrs A S 
Bartlett, L J Mrs 21 
Bartlett, E S 
Baker, Ed 
Baker, Thos 
Bauer, H N 
Baumback, William 
Barns, William 29 
Barry, C Mrs 15 
Barry, Ed 15 
Badger, A C 
Bartlow, Mrs S 
Backus, C R 
Bartholme, Joseph 5 
Bartholme, Martin 
Barthelome, Joseph Jr 
Bannon, M W 
Bannon, P R 
Bannon, P W 
Barnes, William 
Barnes, Nathaniel 34 
Barnes, Henry 
Barnes, James 
Bailey, Leon R 
Bailey, F K 
Baily, Frederick 
Barrett, Thomas 
Barrett, Wm F 
Barrett, Ann 
Barrett, Jesse 
Barrett, Miles 
Bannon, Andrew 
Bannon, Mrs M E 
Bannon, Mrs A 
Bannon, M E 
Barnes, Henry 
Barrett, Mrs W F 
Barrett, Dan 
Barrett, C H 
Balles, D F 
Barton, J F 
Baywall, John 
Baywall Carolina L 
Beattie, Robert S 
Becker, John J 



Bernard, Barns 
Belz, John 
Bevitch, George 
Beuttemutle, Carlina 
Berow, Lewis 5 
Bergel, Michael 
Benson, James 
Bez, Margaret Mj's 7 
Belles, Charles 
Bedford, J 
Beamer, Gasler 
Bergan, Martha 
Benzen, Catherine 
Bean, John Mrs 
Bettylyon, A J 
Bennett, Henry B 
Bennett, Matthew 
Bennett, George 
Belder, Samuel O 
Bear, Dawson C 
Bears, Charles 
Berry, Wm 
Berry, Catherine 
Beach, G R 
Beach, Thos 3 
Beck, M 
Benjamin, L S 
Bestrick, H 
Berrier, J 
Bethenger, H 
Beuner, H 
Beucher, Jas 
Beaumont, J 
Beathie, Robert 
Benson, B 
Betherman, J 
Berkstrum, J 
Bernhart, C 
Becker, J S 
Beass, Chas 
Beattie, Robert 
Beaxels, Frank 
Beckwith, John 3 
Becker, Peter 
Belz, F 

Beuttemutle & Bros 
Beck, Michael 
Bertram, S 3 
Beckwith, John 2 
Berber George 
Benson, James 
Benson A; Eskland 
Bently, R J 
Benzin, Jacob 
Bean. Ed 15 
Bennitt, F 
Bennett, Thos 
Bennett, N 3 
Belder, W C 8 



276 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



Belan, S S 
Bero, Wm 6 
Bero, John 8 
Bero, George 
Besimins, N 
Beckford, J W 15 
Billings, Herman 
Beirscheidt, Bart 
Birgel, Michael 28 
Bergil, Francis 
Bigin, Ann 
Bissell, M C 11 
Bissell, A A 
Bickerton, John K 
Bishop, Wm W 
Bieschel, Martin 
Birgil, Mrs M 
Birkey, Adam 
Biddle, Ed 
Biddle, John 
Biddle, Thos 
Blood, Charles 
Bloom, Guy 
Blessingham, J 
Blatchford, E W 
Blackburn, John 
Bleimeich, H 
Black, James 
Blaesser, Louis 29 
Bleemel, Joseph 
Blaas, Havier 
Bliss, Mrs Matthew 
Bleir, Joseph 
Boyd, Mary E 28 
Bond, Samuel 13 
Boerser, Adam 
Boler, G S 11 
Boardman, James 13 
Bohle, John 
Boucher, John 
Board of Trade Tel. Co. 
Boyne, John 
Bohan, John 
Bowles, Garrett 
Bowers, Jacob 31 
Bowers, Ariah 
Bowers Wm 
Booz, Jeremiah 
Bowen, E H 
Botch, Jacob 
Bowlan, James 3 
Bowlan, .James 
Bowler. Patrick 
Boyle, Thomas 
Bovee, Nornum 15 
Boylan, R G 
Borau, Philip 
Boyne, Delia 
Bowman, John F 



Boehme, Hage 
Boas, E H 
Boas, Wm 4 
Boas, M 
Bowman, J H 
Boyer, Ben 29 
Bock, H C 
Boylan, A W 
Bossham, J S 
Boyle, Mrs M 
Boland, Mrs M 
Boyle, James 3 
Bowe, H H 
Bowlan, H 
Boese, A 
Boiler, Gil 
Bough, F 3 
Brown, M A Mrs 
Brehm, Conrad, 
Brooks «fe Strong 
Brainard, E R & Co 3 
Brown, Jos Jr 
Braun Max 
Braphy, Mrs E 
Brainard, C B 
Brither, R 
Breese, A K 
Brennan, Thomas 
Brisck, R F 3 
Broderick, M 
Broderick, Mary 
Bray, E M 

Breckenridge, Thomas 
Breckenridge, J H 
Brickenridge, J 
Brehm, C 
Brokan, F 
Brockway, A 19 
Brightman, Mary 
Bryson, H 
Bryson, J Mrs 
Brown, Josiah M 
Brown, Thomas 
Brown, J H 
Brown, Stewart 
Broker, Thomas 
Brown, H P M 
Brown, Lucy J 15 
Brown & Houck 
Brown, J C 
Brown, J H & Co 
Brown, C A 
Brown, E 
Brown, C W 
Brown, H 8 
Bruner, Sam 
Bronson, C W J 
Bruce, J & Co 3 
Brinkerhoff, M 



Bradbury, W H 
Brockway, H S 
Brevitz, A J 
Brahm, Adam 
Braden, Jane 
Brooks, W S 
Brooks, W A 
Brayton, H M 8 
Brandzer, John 
Brownson, David 
Braun, Joseph 
Braun, C C 
Brophy, Mary 
Bryson, Hiram 
Bressingham, John 
Breidert, Jacob 
Breidert, Catherine 
Breidert, Philip 
Brannon, Dominick 8 
Brannon, Thos 
Bruce, James «& Co 3 
Bruce, Mary 
Brackan, Daniel 
Bray, Mary 
Bray, Ellen 
Bray, Edward M 
Brazil, Philip 30 
Brockway, Henry S 
Bradford, Chaxmcey 
Briggs, Chas W 
Brightman, James P 
Brown, Oliver 14 
Brown, Harriet 14 
Brown, J D 
Brown, Lewis 
Brown, James 
Brown, R D 
Brown, Warren 
Brown, S J Mrs 
Brown, Joseph 
Brown, John 
Brown, Max 
Brown, Cornelia 
Brown, Margaret 
Brown, S 
Brown, Erastus 
Brown, H C 
Bushe, Jannette 
Burson, I C 
Burchard, John 
Burlington Mfg Co 
Buchannan, W P 
Burlingame, H R 
Burgess & Thomas 
Burger, I T 23 
Butterman, John 
Bush, C H 20 
Bush, John E 
Burden, Alex 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



277 



Button, Henry J 
Burton, Byron B 
Buhill, Martin 
Burns, Robert 
Burns, Thomas 
Buckley, Michael 
Burrell, W P 
Burlingame, H R 
Butler, John 
Butler, Catherine Mrs 
Bush, Frank 
Bush, Harriet 
Bughman, Mrs 
Bush, George 
Buck, Henry 
Buck, Michael 
Buck, John E 
Burke, Thomas 
Burke, James 
Burke, B rnard 
Burke, Bridget 
Burke, Thomas 
Burke, Rev F M 
Barge, I F 
Buck, George A 
Burke, Walter 
Buchler, J 22 
Buchler, Mrs 22 
Burke, Hugh 
Buck, Mrs F 
Butler, J 
Bums, Rev W H 
Burns, Peter 
Burns, J A 
Bunger, Leroy 
Bunton, William 8 
Bush, F 
Burke, P 
Byron, Patrick 
Byerly, P 3 
Byrd, F D 
Byle, William 
Byrne, C 
Campbell, George 
Campbell, J H 15 
Campbell, B 
Campbell, George W 
Campbell, Hugh 
Cavanaugh, Pat 
Carpenter, H Mrs 
Caton, William P 
Carlin, Thomas O P 
Carlin, William H 
Calbert, Joseph 
Carby, Timothy 
Caasan, George F 
Carrens, Michael 
Casen, James 
Casey, Horace 14 



Caster, John 
Calmon, Pat 
Carpenter, E D Mrs 
Carpenter, Philo Est of 
Carson, James 
Carson, Elizabeth 8 
Callais, Joseph 
Cameron, Robex't 
Canella, William 
Calvin, P 
Calhoun, A M 
Carrington, Henry 
Carrington, Henry 
Carson, Eliza 
Callahan, Michael 
Callahan, Matthew 
Casey, Ada 
Casey, Ada J 
Casey, August 
Casey, John R 
Casseday, H C 
Casseday, G W 
Casseday, Francis 5 
Cagwin, H A 
Cagwin, F L 
Cagwin, F L 
Cagwin, D B 
Cagwin, M O 15 
Cagwin, A S Mrs 
Cagwin, A S 
Carry gan, Owen 
Cagwin, F L & Sons 
Catholic Parsonage 
Catholic Church 
Cassidy, Mrs B 3 
Cassiday, Mrs S 
Cassiday, D Mrs 
Cassidy, Mrs Mary 
Carpenter, H S 
Calmer, Michael 
Carpenter, W H 
Calais, F W 
Cannon, Thomas 
Carpenter & March 
Carshner, William 
Cameron, Robert 
Carpenter, C H 
Cardwell H W 15 
Carson, Hugh 
Carson Bros. 
Casher, Charles 
Cary, O E 8 
Cary, H O 15 
Carey, Frank 15 
Carter, S P 
Carney, A E 8 
Calmer, Daniel 
Carter, John 8 
Carpenter, S H 8 



Campbell, J A 
Carlin, Thomas 
Calin, John 
Campbell, M B 
Canfield, James 
Campbell, John 29 
Campbell, Mrs. B 
Cannon, Thomas 
Carroll, R 
Cagwin, Abijah 
Cantrill, E M 
Carroll, John 
Carroll, Richard 
Carroll, Jane A 
Caswell, W B 
Causemean, Maria 
Caswell, M A 
Castle, D W 
Castle, W M 
Chapman, Cornelia 
Cheeseman, Emily S 
Chandler, D F. 
Chapman, Henry W 
Chapman, Perm elia Mrs 
Chidsey, John 
Chidsey, Isaac 
Chittenden, G N 22 
Check, Margareth 
Charlston, Mary 
Chesbro, T 
Chase, E T 
Childs, R M 8 
Chamberlin, George N 
Chamberliu &> Son 
Childs, H W 
Charles, William 
Chaxel, C'harles 8 
Cheeseman, A S, Dr 
Check, Charles, 
Chresmir, Nicholas 
Chicago Telephone Co 
Clark, H 
Clark, Warren F 
Clark, William 3 
Clark, John W 
Clark, Warren J 
Clark, B B 
Clark, R D 
Clyde, John 34 
Clifford, Cath, Mrs 
Clifford, John 7 
Cleveland, M C 
Cleverdon, Thomas 20 
Clemens, M M 
Clear, John 
Clayes, Levi M 
Cleghorn, Edward ' 
Clyde, Isaac 34 
Cleghorn, Mrs. E 



2Y8 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



Clement, Arthur 
Clemmens & Sayer 
Claflin, Mrs 
Clement, Alice C, Mrs 
Claude, A F 
Clement, Cor. Mrs 
Clement, A C Mrs 
Clark, A R 
Clarkson, John 
Clark, Lewis 
Clark, E C 
Clare, Mrs John 
Clark, J E 
Collins, Patrick 
CoUier, Scott 
Collins, Frank 15 
Collins, Isaac 
ColHns, Peter H 
ColHns, Edward 
Collins, Joseph 
Collins, Thomas 
Collins, Anna 
Cawley, Nicholas 
Cochrane, Michael 
Coonan, Edward 
Conlan, Ann 
Condrey, William 
Cornwall, A 23 
Colburn, A M 15 
Colburn, T P 23 
Coon, Ezra S 
Coughlin, Michael 
Conway, James 
Cobb, W H 
Conway, John 
Conroy, Thomas 
Comstalk, Adam 
Comstalk, A H G Est. 

of W J 
Corcoran, William 
Corcoran, James 
Corcoran, Patrick 
Cappell, John 
Caplanz, J P 
Connors, Thomas 
Connors, James 
Conklin, R Mrs 
Cornell, James L 
Cornea, Jeremiah 
Corry, E A 15 
Couch, Matthew 
Conklin, Maria Mrs 
Connor, Daniel 
Connor, John 
Caplantz, C 
Consmeaux, N 
Cope, Charles 
Comstock, Esther 
Conley, J W Rev 



Connell, F. H 
Cooper, James 3 
Cooper, John 
Colbert, Joseph 15 
Cowley, Michael 
Conklin, Frank 
Conlan, Patrick 
Cole, Theodore 22 
Colsen, Frank 
Collins, J F 
Collins, Mary Mrs 3 
Collins, Peter 
Cobb, S M 

Cablandz & Bourman 
Collins, M 3 
Cornwall, A B 22 
Cotton, J E 
Cope, Henry W 
Cooper, A J 
Cooper, John 
Cook, Nathan 
Cook, M F 
Cox, Michael 
Cox, Daniel 
Cornan, Edward S S 
Costello, M E 
Cooprick, J 14 
Cox, J H 
Coss, John 
Cook, Catherine 
Coon, Ezra 
Cockett, Chas 
Cooper, James 3 
Congregational Society 
Crandall, Jane 
Creed, Patrick 3 
Creder, Joseph 
Cronin, John 
Cross, Ellen C 
Crogwell, John Sr 
Crogwell, John Jr 
Crow, James 
Crow, Henry Mrs 
Crow, James 
Crowley, Emma R 
Crane, Geo M 
Cronin, R 3 
Crellin, Jas 
Crossan, A J 
Crellin, Robt 
Creevey, T M 
Crellin, Pat 
Cross, H A Dr 
Crossen, Jackson 
Crossen, R W 
Creed, P 
Crabb, W H 
Cropsey, Mrs M 
Crow, Henry 



Crommiller, John 
Cropsey, C W 
Cuif, Sarah 
Cullen, James 
Cummings, Ezra 
Cummings, S W 
Culver, J J 
Curry, John 
Culbertson, Thos 13 
Culbertson, Thos 12 
Cunningham, Geo 
Cunningham, Michael 
Cunningham, Ed 
Cunningham, Henry 
Custer, J H 
Cushing, James Sr 
Curran, P 
Gurran, Robt 
Cutter, Nemeiah H 
Curtiss, Rozanna 
Cutting, Jos E 
Cutting, Abigail 
Cutter, Sam A 
Curtis, O 
Culver, J J 
Culler, B Mrs 
Curtiss, O W 
Curtiss, R J 
Cutting, Chas 
Curtiss, J R 15 
Curtis, David 
Cushing & Allen 
Cushing, Jas Jr 
Cushing Bros 
Cust, R M 
Cullen, Thos 
Cullom, H C & Co 3 
Cullom, H C 
Curry, Mrs John 
Cummings S 
Dames, John M 
D'Arcey, John 2 
D'Arcey, John R 
Daley, Patrick 
Daley, John 
Daggan, Mary 
Dalton, John 
Dalton, Dennis 
Daniels, David 
Dalphias, Motins 
Darwin, John 15 
Dawson, Patrick 
Dawson, Michael 
Dawson, Ann 
Daggett, A 8 
Dailey, Eugene 
Davidson, Wm 
Davey, Patrick 
Davis, Margaret E 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



279 



Davis, Morgan 3 
Davis, Elizabeth 
Davis, Samuel 
Davis, Wm 
Davis, John 
Davidson, George 13 
Davidson, W & Bros 20 
Davidson, Ann 
Davidson, Joseph 
Darling, D H 

Danielson, 

Dall, Jonathan 
Darragh, E 
D'Arcey, Mrs 
Dames, Mrs M 
Dames, Mrs John 
Dahlin, J L 
Daughty, R 
Davis, Jos 20 
Darragh, Ed 
Davis, R C 
Davis, Daniel 
De Money, Eliza Mrs 
De Puy, Marcy S 
De Long, S D 15 
De Puy, Caroline Mrs 15 
De Long, Francis 15 
DePuy, M 
Dermond, W C 
De Money, Eliza 
Deitz, Valentine 
Deitch, Lorenzo 
Demmond, D D, 
Delaney, John 
Delaney, Patrick 
Delaney, A 
Deline, J M 
Dever, Anna 
Derby, John 
Deutch, F W J 
Devine, Margaret 
Devine, Patrick 
Devine, Barney 
Degmare, Bernard 
Dean, Mrs H 
Dennis, James C 
Dean, Thos 20 
Devine, Frank 
Decks, A 
Delwitter, "Wm 
Deleni Mrs N 
Dennis, J C 
Denton, A T 6 
Dempsey, Hank 3 
Demmond, M G 
Demmond, Mrs S 
Dewey, L B 
Dewey, L E 15 
Dhuy, Lewis 



Dhuy, J 
Dhuy, Larg 
Deshmurn, Rebecca 
Dingley, Wm 
Dillman, L 
Dillman,W 
Dickerson, Ellen 
Dickson, James 
Dibell, Torance 
Devine, Frank 
Dillon, Aug 
Dillon, Mrs John 3 
Dillon, Thomas 
Dice, C 
Dice, Paul 
Dice, A F 
Dillman, A 
Dingley, S A Mrs 
Dillman & Knowlton Co 
Dillman, C 
Dillman Louis 
Downey, J B 
Downey, Thomas 
Downey, Peter 
Downey Martha Mrs 
Donohue, J T 
Downey, William 
Doyle, James 
Doyle, Michael 
Doyle, Ann Mrs 2 
Doyle, John 
Donnelly, Simon 30 
Donnelly, James 
Donnelly, Timothj^ 
Donnelly, Bridget 3 
Doney, Sophia 
Doolittle, R 
Doag, Thomas 
Doll, Jonathan 
Dougherty, Charles 3 
Dougherty, Bernard 
Dolan, Martin 
Donahue, Timothy 
Doney, Napoleon 
Doran, Mrs 
Dorman, Henry 11 
Donaldson, Robert 15 
Dowd, James 
Dowd, Patrick 
Dougal, Wm Dr 
Doughlas, William 
Dockendorf John 
Dougall, William 
Dorr, Henry 
Dorr, J F 
Doolittle, Jesse 
Donohoe, James 
Dolan, Tun 
Dolan, John 



Dobson, M 
Doolittle, Jesse A 
Dooley, Thomas 8 
Donaldson, Mrs 
Donaldson, A 
Donavan, Jerry 
Donnelly, Mat 15 
Doyle, James 3 
Doyle, Patrick 
Dojie, Patrick 
Donohoe, M 
Downey Bros 
Doolittle, R 
Draut, Herbert 
Draut, Ellen 
Dressier, Valentine 19 
Dressier, Helen 
Drew, Caroline 
Drew Edward 
Drinkhon, John 
Draidsden, George 
Dryan, Philip 
Druley, W M 
Druley, R H 
Drout, Robert 4 
Drout, C Mrs 33 
Druley & Johnson 
Drichme, James 
Deemyon, August 
Dunbar, O B 
Ducker, James 
Duso & Willis 
Duso, Joseph 
Dugan, Thomas 
Dunn, John 
Duffey, Michael 
Dullard, Patrick 
Dummermott, Joseph 
Dummermott, Hannah 
Duncan, John 
Duncan, Mrs E 
Duncan, David 
Dunning, A S 
Dunning, JMargaret 
Dunham, John 
Dunn, Michael 
Durath, E 
Dunham, John 
Dunham, John 
Dureslin, H H 
Dunn, John 
Dunning, Michael 
Dudley, J 
Duffey, William 
Dwyne, Michael 15 
Dygert, Abram 31 
Dyer, George R 
Dyer, N F 
Dyer, N P Mrs 



280 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOKY. 



Eagen, Ann 
Eames L H 
Eastman, F S 
Ebner, Joseph 
Eckert, C W 
Edwards, James 
Edmunds, J W 
Edworth, Ab B 
Eder, Henry 
Edgerly, S G 
Eder, George 
Effner, C W 8 
Egle, John 
Egan, James 25 
Egly, John 
Egan, James 
Ehrhart, George 
Ehrhard, Joseph 
Ewing, H 10 
Eicholzer, Emil 
Eich, Peter 33 
EichofE, Aug 
Einshine, M 
Elliott, Angernette 
Elwood, J G 
Ellis, A N 
Elderkin, Joseph 
Elderkin, Jeptha 
Elliot, K J 8 
Elliot, Mrs G 
Ellinger & Kohm 
Emerick, P 
Emery, S W 12 
Embilng, James 34 
Emmerton, F A 
Engler, Paul 
Engler Philip 29 
Englman, John 23 
Enright, M 3 
English, Joseph G 
Erhard, John 
Erhard, James 
Erhardt, George C 
Erb, Wm 
Erb, P 

Erickson, Aug 
Ernst, WendeU 
Etheridge, Edmund 
Etheridge, Eli 3 
Etlinger & Kohn 
Etlinger, Ann 
Etlinger, B 
Etnyere, J 
Etnyere, E T 
Evans, Wm 
Evans, Josiah 
Evans, Wd 8 
Evert, Charles 
Evans, E 



Even, H J 
Evans, John 
Eyle, John 
Farrell, P 
Fahrman, M 
Fanning, Henry 
Farrington, Mrs 
Farget, P 3 
Fay, Barney 
Fay, Matthew 
Fay, John 
Fahrner, J 
Fant, Patrick 
Fagoberg, P A 
Fahap, Patrick 
Faroow, John 
Farley, Elizabeth Mrs 
Farley, Philip 
Faust, Fred 
Fallavzgnski, Ch 
Farr, F A 
Fallon, T 
Fargo, Mrs E 
Farley, John 
Farley, Thos 
Fargo, E M Mrs 
Farovid, Levi 
Fay, W D 
Farrington, Mrs 
Fallow, Tim 
Farovid, John 
Fellows, Lucy A 
Fellows, Frank 
Feeney, Mrs Jos 
Feeney, John 
Fellows, Addal 
Fellows, H E 
Felbrath, Joseph 
Fender, Joseph 
Feagam, G E 
Ferris, James 
Fethetholm, T 
Fetz, Michael 
Ferguson, John 
Fell, Jesse W 
Feeney, Joseph P 
Ferrovied, Amelia 
Fewtrell, Sam 3 
Fiddler, James 3 
Fenney, James 
Fish, Henry 
Fiske, O W 
Fitzgerald, Thomas 
Fishburn, Dan 
Fishburn, John 
Fennerty, Mary Mrs 32 
Fennerty, James A 
Fisher, Eberhardt 
Fisher, Prosper 



Fitzpatrick, Alice 
Fitzpatrick, Patrick 
Fitzpatrick, James 
Fitzpatrick, Joseph 
Fishburn, Dan 
Fitzgerald, James 
Fitzgerald, Thomas 15 
Fisher, Henry 21 
Fitch, J D 
Fish, Connell & Co 
First National Bank 
Fithian, Edna A 
Fithian, J B 
Fiddyment, John 
Finney, George 30 
Finney, Walter 20 
Fisher, E 

Flack, Mortimer A 
Flask, J J 
Flack schara, Louis 
Flager, Catherine 
Flaught, Geo W 
Flannagan, Terrence 
Flanders, J R 
Flood, Honora, 
Fleick, Mrs E 
Fliegeltat, Joseph 8 
Flemming, Joseph 10 
Flemming, Joseph 10 
Floyd, Wm 
Fodusk, Joseph 
Fogle, Jacob 
Foley, T H 
Foley, John H 
Folke, J W 19 
Folker, R Mrs 
Follansbee, Daniel 
Fonda, Abram 
Fost, Sam 
Ford, Hugh 15 
Ford, T P 8 
Ford, D 

Foster, George B 
Fox, O 
Fost, Fred 11 
Ford, Mrs J M 
Formbals, Mary 3 
Folman, Henry 
Foltz, E M Mrs 
Frauenhoff, Julius 
Frederick, Joseph 17 
Frederick, Hilanes 
Frederick, J E 
Frederick, Peter 29 
Freeman, Dennis 
Freeman, Edward 
Frey, Margaret 23 
Fromhatz, F 
Fred Sehring Brew'g Co 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOKV. 



281 



French. Ileniy 
Fries, Charlotte Mrs 
Fredell & Burke 
Frey, F P 
Fries, John 33 
French, H 17 
Freeman, Frank 
Freedel, Josepli 
Freeland, Ann 
Frazier, J P 
Free, M O 11 
Friday, Joseph 
Freehofl, Charles 
Fuller, Buel A 
Fuller, G W 
Furlong, Rich 
Furlong, Michael 
Furrey, M 
Furgeson, L 11 
Gable, Mary 
Gaffney, John 
Gaines, Thomas 
Gainor, John S S 
Gallizier, Philip 
Galagher, Patrick 
Gans, Peter 
Garrett, Milton 23 
Garrett William 
Garrettson, JMartha 
Gaskell, J J 
Garvin, Albert 
Gardner & Strong 1,"") 
Garret, W 
Garrett, A H 
Gallagher, Michael 3 
Gaton, Mrs Sarah 
Galvin, Patrick 
Gable, A 4 
Gavin, Thomas 
Garber, Michael 
Garrity, Christie 
Gardner, Henry A 15 
Gardner, Anna Mrs 
Garnsey, Charles B 
Gatchell, Antone 
Gaulden, James 
Gavigan, John 3 
Gatom, Samuel 
Gatom, Sarah 
Gardner, Martin 
Gardner, Joseph 15 
Garlick, James 
Garlick, L 
Gavican, Luke 
Germain, John 22 
German E Luth Chnrch 
Geoghegan, P 
Gerotman, G N 
Geist, William 
18 



Geiss, D K 
Geurnsh, H 
Gemlock, Jolm 
Gesson, C P 
Ghegan, Ann 
Ghalagher, Michael 
Ginther, John George 
Giblin, Michael 
Gibbons, Miles 
Gibbons, Michael 
Gibson, James 
Gilbert, T C 
Giles, Joseph 3 
Gilmore, R 
Gilleger, P 
Gill, Mary 
Gillespie, Thomas 
Gise, D K 
Gillam, James 
Gibberson, John 
Gibney, John 
Gibbons, John 
Giblin, M 
Giblin, John 
Gleason, John 
Gleason, John Sr 
Gleeson, William 
Glass, Lydia 
Glepman, August 
Glennerick, A 
Glasscock, CAS 
Gleeson, John F 
Gleeson, Alice 
Godfrey, Austin 
Goebel, Anthony 
Goldfuss, John 
Golden, James, 3 
Golyer, Mrs. 
Gougar, William 15 
Gooding, James 3 
Goodman, H 
Goodenough, W H 
Goodspeed, Charles 
Goodspeed, James 
Gowran, John 
Gorwan, Stephen 
Gorges, Matthew 
Gorges, John 
Gorman, L 
Gorman, James O 
Gordon, William 15 
Gottschalz, August 1 
Gottschell, Caspar 
Gowan, John 
Gorman, J 
Gorman, L 
Goodhue, W C 
Gockley, H 
Goodspeed, F 21 



Gobbarch, J 8 
Good, August 
Good, August 
Gorham. H M 
Gottschaltz, Oscar 11 
Gorman, John 
Gorey, Thomas 
Goodspeed, F 27 
Gougar, Dan 
Goss, George 21 
Goloday, Jacob 11 
Goloday, John 11 
Gowan^ Stephen 
Goodhue, S E Mrs 
Goliday, Frank 
Goble, A H 15 
Gorman, Conrad 
Graham, Patrick 
Grace, William 
Grady, James 
Graeber, Michael 
Grant, William G 
Gras, Charles 
Gratz, Joseph 
Gray, John 
Gray, Nicholas 
Gray, James 
Gray, :vritchell 
Gray, George 
Gray, Thomas 15 
Gregg, William 12 
Green, Lucy L 11 
Green, George S 11 
Green, Hart F 
Green, George M 
Green, John 
Green, Edward 
Greenwood, John 25 
Greenwood, R 22 
Greenwood, William 25 
Greenbaum, G 
Green, J C Mrs 
Gregory, Benjamin 
Gregg, James 
Gregg, John 
Grantzberg, M 32 
Grady, James 
Grant, W G 
Greeich, Carl F 
Grundy, Samuel 
Grey, John 
Grey, Lawrence 
Griffin, Peter 3 
Griffin, James 
Griffin, William 
Grill, Charles 
Grin ton, Sarah A 
Grinton, Anna 10 
Grinton, William, Jr 10 



282 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



Gross, John 7 
Gross, Alexander 3 
Gross, Arnold 3 
Gross, Henry- 
Gross, John 8 
Gunn, Edward 
Gunlock, John 
Gurrison, Joseph 
Gundquist, Erick 
Gunn, T M 
Gunn, Edward 
Guild, Ephraim 
Guenther, John G 
Gurlick, Joseph 
Haughton, Patrick 
Hammond, L J 15 
Hanly, J 
Hanley, Patrick 
Hanley, Catherine 
Hausser, George 
Hausser, Simon 
Hausser, Vincent 
Hartshorn, H 
Hatchman, Norman 
Haven, Philo 
Haven, J M 
Haven, James 
Hauck, Gabriel 
Hauck, Ann C 
Hagar, Henry 
Hart, Mary Ann 
Hawkins, Edward 
Hayward, Lewis J 
Hartman, John 
Hatch, R D 
Hartoug, Joseph 
Hartong, Patrick 
Hartong, Mrs Joseph 
Haley, N H 
Haley, Mrs Ann 
Haley, Patrick C 
Kavanaugh, T 
Hand, Matthew 
Haughton, Bridget 
Hartigan, John 
Hartigan, Fannie 
Hamlin, Margaret 
Harney, Mat S 
Halway, Charles 
Hagar, E C 
Harless, B A 
Hartpence, ACS 
Hahnlein, William 
Hahnlean, Charles 
Hasey, Charles O 
Hasey, Eliza A 
Hay, Matthew 
Hardy, Henry 22 
Hardy, E E 



Hardy, Otis 
Hansen, John H 
Hansen, J W 
Harris, Mark 
Hayes, William 
Hask, Christian 
Hadsell, M J 
Hadsell, W I 
Haverstuhle, William 
Harding, Thomas 
Havilland & Stoddard 
Hacker, Christian 
Haughton, G W 8 
Haas, N 11 
Haas, Mrs E 
Haddow, James 15 
Hausman & Sharp 21 
Hagar, E C 
Hausser, Lor 
Hausser, F 
Hanlon, M 11 
Haywood, Samuel 
Harwood, H 
Hartman, F 
Hasting, B 
Hasting, Amos 29 
Haley, M C 
Hallett, D C 
Haley, James 2 
Hand, M F 

Hartigan, Mrs Margaret 
Hampton, E W 8 
Hallock, John 
Harwood, Henry W 
Harwood, Mrs H A 
Haney, Patrick 
Hasey, J L 
Hasey. C C 
Hay, Joseph 1 
Hay, Thomas 
Hardy, Mrs Mary 
Hay, T R 
Hanson, H 
Harris, William 
Hagen, H 
Hayes. Arthm- 10 
Haskell, W 
Halman, H 
Hartes, Joseph H 
Harrigan, Mrs Mary 
Hallem, J W 
Harms, John 
Harvey, Francis 
Hassen, Michael 
Hayden, Patrick 
Hawley, W B 
Hamilton, Margaret 
Hamilton, Amos 
II anna, Mrs James A 



Hanna, John 
Harrington, Michael 
Harrington, Benjamin 
Harrington, Patrick 
Harrington, Harriet 
Harrington, Henry 
Hamrakan, William 
Hagan, Thomas 
Havaland, Margaret 
Haviland, Francis 
Hammell, N 
Harvey, F 
Hauser, Vincent 
Hauser, Simon 
Harwood, William 
Hamilton, J N 
Hawley, W B 
Hamilton, William 16 
Hana, George 
Hartigan, Margaret 
Hartley, ACS 
Haward, C B 
Herholzer, Martin 
Helmel, S 
Hennett, Edward 
Heise, A W 27 
Hebert, Albert 

Heatherwick, 

Heatherwick, John 8 
Henry, G W 
Henry, J A 11 
Henderson, J D 
Henderson, J E 10 
Hencher, August 
Hewer, Peter 
Hettigan, C 
Hear back, George 
Hebert, Mary Ann 
Hebert, Joseph 
Hebert, Francis 
Healey, Mrs Ann 
Hester, Joseph 
Heintzelman, David 
Heflferman, Ellen 
Heath, William J 
Herscherberger, Daniel 
Hendricks, Mrs ]\Iargaret 
Hennessy, David 
Hennesy, Joseph 
Henneberry, D 
Henry, John 
Hentze, Mrs A T 
Henry, W E 
Herhalzer, Mrs Doctor 
Hensogin, Charles M 
Hershberger, John 
Henry, William 
Hewes, S B 10 
Heeney, Patrick 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



283 



Henry, VV E 
[[t'liderson, H C 
Iluiiderson, D C 
Henderson, Mrs H A 
Heggie, James 
Heintze, Joseph 
Hentze, L M 
Herbst, Casper 
Hebert, Peter 
Hester, O 
Hert, Anna 
Hester, Patrick 8 
Hert, Ann 
Hewlitt, John 
Heirholzer, M 
Helmel, Joseph 
Hertz, Anton 
Hebecorn, Mrs 
Heintzelman, AV B 
Heath, J J 
Henderson, II 
Hellett, D C 
Hibner, Jolin, Jr 
Hibuer, James C 31 
Hibner, FA 31 
Hibner, John 30 
Hibner, T A 
Hiraler, H 
Hiner, Owen 
Higinbotham, A II 
Higbee, Henry 
Hill, Francis M 
Hill, W 8 13 
Hill, Helen 
Hill, Charles 
Hill, John W 
Hill, William 
Hills, Fanny Mrs 
Hills, John 
Higgins, Amanda D 
Higgins, Burr 
Huxson, John 
Ilinckle, Charles 
Hines, Owen 
Higgins, D F 
Higgins, G A 
Higgy, John 3 
Hitchcock, F 
Hill, Alvah 
Hill, John 
Hill, W J 3 
Hillock, Edw 
Hillock, Sam 
Hilly, Thomas 
Hill, Mrs Alvin 
Hill, Mrs S F 
Hillett, D C 
Hibner, Frank 
Hicks, H F 



Hicks, Obadiah 
Hicks, Kate 
Hicks, M 
Hickey, John 3 
Houser, Teresa 
Hogan, Anna 
Houer, Jacob 
Holland, Wm, Jr 
Holland, Ellen 
Hosmer, G H 
Ilooperick, Peter 
Ilollister, Mary 
Houghton, G W 8 
Hoefner, A 
Iloeffner, H 
Hoffner, Sophia 
Honeshaw, William 
Holden, Frank 3 
Horan, Patrick 
Horan, James 15 
Horan, P 
Hoag, T G 3 
Ilobbs, Thomas J 
Hobbs, Perry J 
Howk, Henderson 
Hooks, Anthony 
Ilorton, F 
Holsworth, John 
Hogan, Ed 
Holt, Frank 
Holderman, Catherine 
Hollister, Mary 
Hoffman, Frank 
Hoffer, Benedict 
Hoffer, D H. Mrs 
House, Ilodney 
House, Virginia 
Houck, George 
House, Mrs V A 
Hoffman, John A 
Hoffman, John 18 
Ilolway, Chas C A 
Howliston, And 
Hogan, John 
Ilomister, John Mrs 
Hoy, Matthew 
Houser, Joseph 
Houck & Brown 3 
Howk, F M 
Hobbs Bros 
Horan, T 
Horan, Michael 
Horan, Martin 
Hogan, Mrs E 3 
Hogan, Thomas 3 
Hogden, L M 
Hocking, W M F Dr 
Hodgson, L M 
Hodges, D 8 



Homer, Bradley 
Holland, J Mrs 
Holland, J H 3 
Horner, A J 
Houck Anna C 
Holderman, Catharine 
Humphrey, Horan 
Hugh, S D 
Hughes, Pat 
Hull, Nicholas 
Hull, William 
Hull, Cornelia R 
Hulbert, E 
Hulbert, E Mrs 
Hurley, C Mrs 
Hubbard, Joseph S 
Hubbard, Wm H 
Hughes, S. B 10 
Humphrey & Son 
Hunt, M W 24 
Hutchinson, S 
Hurlbert, O S 
Hurley, Richard 
Hurley, Mrs R 
Hunter, F R 
Hunter, W H 
Humstahl, F W 
Hutchins, W J 
Hurd, Jennette 
Hupprich, J 14 
Ibald, Casper 
Ingersoll, Benjamin 
Ingersoll, T II 36 
Ingalls, S E 12-13 
Ingersoll, Hanna E 
Ingersoll, Truman 36 
Ingersoll, James 
Ingersoll, F A 23 
Irish, Benjamin 
Irish, Malinda 
Ischolger, E 
Jahn, Joseph 
Jahn, George 
Jacobson, Bert 
Jacobs, T C 8 
Jackson, Julia A 
Jackson, Fred A 
Jacquer, Michael 
Jackson, Thomas 
James, Wm 
Jarvis, G E 
James, Richard 
Jackson, W G 8 
Johns, Susan Mrs 
Jackson, H B 
Jennings, Ellen 3 
Jenkins, H T 
Jenkins, James 
Jenks, David C 



284 



.TOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



Jessen, C P 

Jewett, Mrs 8 

Jex, Thos 

Jewett, SAWS 

Joliet Steel Co 3 

Joliet Elevator Co 11 

Joliet Wire Check Row- 
er Co 

Joliet Manufacturing Co 

Joliet Gaslight Co 

Joliet Barb Wire Fence 
Co 

Joliet Daily News 

Joliet Herald Co (per 
Benj Olin) 

Joliet Enterprise Co 

Joliet Mound Co 

Joliet Stone Co 

Joliet Woolen Co 

Jones, George 

Jones, Willard F 

Jones, George 

Johnson, J P 31 

Johnson, Henrick 

Johnson, A E 

Johnson, John 

Johnson, August 

Johnson, Orin 

Johnson, R S 5 

Jovi, John 

Jones, C Mrs 3 

Jones, Herbert 

Johnson, Lewis 

Johnson, J S 

Johnson, C E Mrs 

Johnson, Chas 

Johnson, 8 3 

Johnson, D 19 

Joy, Michael Est of, 17 

Johnson, A M 

Jugrich, J 

Juks, S C 

Jungler, Peter 

Judd, Strong & Kelly 

Kamger, John 

Kaeffer, Nic 

Kaiser, Herman 

Karen, J M 

Karen, P A 

Kachelhoffer, Michael 

Kachelhoffer, X 

Kaffer, Francis 

Kastner, C 

Kastner, Wm 

Kavanaugh, Joseph 6 

Kane, Ann R 

Kane, Betsey 

Kavanaugh, P 

Kammerman, Wm 



Karreger, E T Mrs 22 
Kars, Aug 11 
Kastner, E Mrs 
Kase, H 11 
Kahn, J 

Kahlert & Schneider 15 
Kayes, John 
Kammerman, M E 
Kammerman, John 
Kanagy, J 
Kearns, W H C 
Kennedy, Ann 
Kerthger, S 
Kelcher, Eliza Mrs 
Kenny, James 3 
Keyer, Ed 
Keeler, Tobias 11 
Keen, James C 
Kenny, James 
Kennedy, Michael 
Keller, Joseph 
Kessneir, John 
Keyes, Edward 
Keegan, Mary 
Keegan, Thomas 
Kerchival, J C Est of, 1 
Keep, Philip 
Keer, James 34 
Kessling, George 
Kerrigan, Owen 
Kerwin, Patrick 5 
Kerwin, John 
Kelly, Robt T 
Kelly, Mary W Mrs 
Kelly, Thomas J 
Kelly, J B 
Kelly, Michael 
Kelly, Wm 
Kelly, Ann Mrs 
Kelly Bros 
Kelly, Patrick 

J^eWy, James 
^elly, Timothy 11 
Kelley, Edward 
Kettlehorn, Fred 
Kenyon, Sophia G Mrs 
Kenyon, John 
Keep & McParther 
Kearns, M 3 
Kelly, Tim 
Kelte, H T 
Kelly, Dan 
Kelly, Jos 
Keeler, F 11 
Kelly, Thos C 
Kelly, Margaret Mrs 
Kerwin, M 
Kerwin, C Mrs 5 
Keill, W F 



Kerchival, A N 1 
Keeling, Wm 
Keyes, John 
Klety, H 
Keisler, M 29 
Kerr, Robert 
Keene, J A 
Kelley, Bridget 
Kelley, F 
Kelly, Andrew 
Kentelhow, F 
Keller, Johanna Mrs 2 
Kinsella, Dan 
King, Anoli 
Kinner, Caroline 
Kivings, M 
Kimp, George 
Kipp, A P 
Kinney, A 
Kilburn, Patrick 3 
Kinsella, S H 
Kier, James 34 
Kinnie, Mary A 
Kirkham, Henry 3 
Killmer, George 
Killmer, Harriet 
Kilhen, John 
Kirk, Mary A 
Kirk, Philip 
Killeen, James 3 
Killeen, William 
Kimball, Dan 
Kimball, Charles P 8 
King, Jeremiah 22 
King, John P 
King, Maurice J 
King, Anna M 
King, Joseph 22 
Kinne, M A Mrs 
Kinsella, F B 
Killer, Julian Mrs 2 
Kinn, William 
Kiritz, J 32 
Killheffer, J F 
Kirby, John 
Killeen, John 3 
Kite, G W Mrs 
Kimball, C J 
King, Benjamin H 
Kinster, Ann Mrs 
Kinsler, M 29 
Kleneman, Anton 
Klemme, John 
Kline, M 
Kleindiff, Alex 
Kleinfelter, A U 
Kleinf elter & Dillman 
Knowlton, Henry & Ad- 
ams 11 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



285 



Knowlton, D W 8 
Knowlton, Calvin 
Knifall, P 
Knoerzer, Erasmus 
Knox, Augustus F 
Knight, Ira J 8 
Knowlton, E R 
Knights of Pythias 
Knowlton, H C 
Knapp, Sol 
Korst, Nicholas 31 
Koermer, Val 
Koneg, Frank 
KorcSlius, Mahante 
Kovetzer, S 
Koetch, John 
Koch, J W 
Kramer, Ignatz 
Krause, Michael 
Kraus, Julius 
Kraker, Joseph 
Krings, Michael 33 
Krings, Nickolas 
Kromneyer, William 3 
Krichall, IT 
Krusella, F B 
Krusella, F A 
Krusella, F D 
Kraft, Gross & Co 
Krater, J H 15 
Kraker, M 11 
Kreigher, Peter 
Kreigher, Joseph 
Kuntzell, John 
Kurtz, John 32 
Kurtz, Elizabeth Mrs 33 
Kurtz, Charlf'S 
KunZman, Adam 
Kunzman, Joseph 
Kunzman, John 
Kurbitt, C 15 
Kunesman, Jacob 
Lasker, Joseph 
Latz, Joseph 
Lambert, Charles 3 
Lambert, John 
Langdon, Mary 3 
Lacey, Patrick 
La Plat, Henry 
Laib, Christ 
Lapham, David 
Lawrence, Richard 
Lawrence, Ed 
Lawrence, Charles 
Lawlor, John 
Lambert & Bishop Wire 

Fence Co 
Lamb, J R 
Lamb, C J 



Lawrence, S B 
Lawrence, F 
Ladd, J I Rev 
Ladd, A V 
Lang, J C 
Lang, N G 
Laing, Rev A H 
Lane, Patrick 
Lafontaine, Dennis 
Lafontaine, John 
Lawler, J H 
Lawlor, Michael 36 
Lawlor, Matthew 36 
Lagger, Sebastian 
Lagger, John 
Lang, M G 
Lang, John C 
Lay field, Francis 3 
Layfield, W C 
Laderbach, Adam 
Lamping, George Sr 
Lamping, Robt 
Laverne, E F 
Larkin, John 15 
Larkin, Thomas 7 
Ladd, O A 
Laylor, D 
Lacey, P 
Lang, George 
Larraway, O W 36 
Larraway, C 35 
Larraway, Jonas 36 
Larkin, James 3 
Larkin, George 
Larson, H P 3 
Leib, Chris 
Leinebarger, Rudolph 
Lehman, Christian 
Lean, A M 
Leisser, John Mrs. 
Leisen, John 4 
Leissen, John 
Leonard, James 33 
Lehman, L 15 
Lehman, Marcus 
Lehmer, Paul 
Lehmer, Paul 4 
Leffler, Caroline 15 
Ley, John 18 
Lesser, Michael 
Lellman, F L 
Leach, Michael 
Leach, L 
Lendor, F 



Leahy, Ann 
Leavey, John R 
Lennon, John 
Lefontaine, F X 
Leyman, Charles L 
Leyman, E 
Leonard, Charles 
Leisser, George 4 
Leiser, Henry 5 
Leonard, E 
Leonard, Martin 
Lehman, C L 
Lennon, Michael 
Leavey, J R 
Leonard, Charles 
Lesser, William 
Lebbins, Joseph 
Leach, Alonzo 
Lewis, James Rev 
Lennon, M 3 
Lewis, Jacob 
Lee, John 
Lesker, Joseph 
Leahy, Charlotte Mrs 
Leahy, William Mrs. 
Lincoln, M A Mrs. 
Lindell, J B 
Line, Patrick 
Little, Mary J Mrs. 
Limperich, Joseph 
Limpert, John 
Lingel, Henry 
Licker, John 
Lincoln, F G 
Linderbach, A 
Link, Norman 15 
Limbacher, R 
Limacher, Peter 
Logan, George 
Lowrey, William 
Loga, August 
Love, Samuel 35 
Lott, Jacob 
Louks, Thomas 
Lots, Henry 4 
Long, Thomas 1 
Lockstitch Fence Co 
Longley, T L 
Lotman, H 
Lowery, Pat 
Lourman, Fred 15 
Lockwood, H 
Loetcher, J 
Long, C F 



Leichlenwaller, William Londonberg, John 
Lennon, John Loughran, M T 

Lewis, John 37 Lufkins, Stephen 

Lewis, Calvin Lufkin, W H 

Leizer, John Lumsden, James 



286 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOKY. 



Lutcher, M 23 
Luther, William 
Lumby, H 
Lyford, IT M 
Lyford, L G 
Lyman, George 
Lyman, John 
Lyon, M Mrs, 
Lynch, Patrick 7 
Lyons, Catherine 
Lyons, John 
Lynch, Michael 
Lyman, Mary 
Lynch, Thomas C 
Lyons, Sam 
Massy, E Mrs. 
Mather, A J 
Malton, Bridget 
Malcomb, Jesse 
Mahoney, D 3 
Macomber, M J Mrs. 
Maxwell, Jane 
Malone, Mrs. 3 
Mahan, Henry 
Mahan, H 
Madden, John 
Mahan, Francis 
Maher, Martin 
Maher, Thomas 
Matteson, Joel 
Matteson, Fred 
Mahoney, John 
Mahoney, Jeremiah Jr 
Malroney, John 
Mager, Christian 
Martin, Michael 8 
Martin, John 
Martin, George 
Martins, Frederick 
Marcan, Anna, Mrs. 
Manion, John 
Manley, Thomas 
Manley, Ann Mrs. 
Malone, Wesley 
jMarshall, Martin 
Marshall, S T 
Marshall, Ralph W 
Marshall, A O 
Marsh, F E 
Marsh, H N 
Mason, Elizal)eth M 
Mason, T A 
Mason, DCS 
Mason, Patrick 
Mason, George A 29 
Mason, Daniel C 
Mack, John 
Mack, Timothy 
Mack, W 



Mack, J L 
Mackin, Peter 
Mack, John 
jVEack, Mrs Adelia 
Mason, John 
Malone, Michael 
Malony, William 
Mason, L M 
Mallow, J B 
Madden, Peter 
Maher, Michael 
Maher, Joseph 
Maher, John 
Mahut, Dolphin 
Matteson, E R 
Mahoney, M J 
Mahoney, Jerry, Sr 
Mather, M A 
Mahoney, M 3 
Maroney, M 3 
Maroney, William 3 
Martin, Mrs John 
Martin & Osterle 
Mather, Asa F 
Matzge, Her 4 
Mapps, A 15 
Massey, H 
Mapps, R H 24 
Maury, David 
Mapps, John 24 
Mason, S C 
Mapps, William 27 
Mather, Casper 
Mason, E B 
Marsh & Spear 
Marso, J N 
Mather, John 
jVIather, Mrs Mary 
Maxwell, Jane 
Matthews, J W 
Mapps, William, Jr 
Mapps, Robert 
Mattaer, Samuel 
Matthews, P^dward 
Matteson Masonic Lodge 
Mackin, Mrs Peter 6 
Mackey, Theodore 11 
Manes, Thomas C 
Macomber, C II 15 
McArthur, A L 
McArthur Estate 
McAlair, Josepli 
McAnna, P 
McAndrews, Patrick 3 
McBride, Mrs E 
McBride, Daniel 3 
McBride. Mrs T H 
jAlc Bride, Dr. Estate of 
McBride, Mary 



McCann, Mrs E 18 
McCanby, John 
McCann Brothers 12 
McCann, Henry 20 
McCraney, John 
McChesney, William 
McChesney, J H 
McCormick, John 
McCarthy, Mrs Mary 
McClinto'ck, Mrs Eleanor 
McCabe, James 
McCoy, John 2 

McCambly, 

McCurry, Peter 15 
McCloskey, M 
McCarthy, Maurice 
McCormick, Joseph 
McCormick, John 
McCann, Charles 
McCanna, James 3 
McCanna, Daniel 11 
McCann, Edward 3 
McCann, Francis 
McCawliflf, Mary 
McCarney, M 
McClasky, Michael 
McCarthy, Elizabeth 
McCarty, P 
McCarty, Charles 
McCoy, Owen 
McCJoy, T 
McCoy, Owen 
McConchin, John 
McConchie, John 
McConchie, Ann 
McCree, T S 11 
McCrellis, J D 
McCarthy, Florence 
McCracken, Tliomas 
McCreery, J 
McCunn, H 
McCulloch, Alexander 
McDaniels, George 
McDaniel, George 
McDowell, Walker 11 
McDowell, Walter 
McDougall, D 
McDonald, Walker 
McDonald, George M 
McDonald, William 
McDonald, John 
McDonald, James 3 
McDade, Dennis 
McDade, Chauncey 
McDonald, E 3 
McDermott, William 
McDonald, Norman 
^McDonald, Denis 
McDonald, J T 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



287 



McDonald, J P 

McElgrew, Peter 
McElgrew, Joseph 
McEvoy, John 
McElgrew, William 
McEvoy, James 
McElhern, Daniel 17 
McElhaney, Patrick 
McEvoy, M 
McFargo, Elizabeth 
McFadden, James 
McFadden, John, Jr 

McFadden, 

McFadden, J, Sr 
McFarlin, Peter 
McFarlin, Charles 
McFaul, F A 
McFarland, Peter 
McGrair, Alice 
McGaraw, P 
McGowan, Edward 
McGee, John 
McGee, Edward 
McGuire, H H 
McGuire, H H 
McGrath, James 
McGraw, Michael 
McGinn, Daniel 
McGinnis, John 
McGinnis, John 
McGovern, Peter 
McGovern, John 
McGowen, John 
McGooney, Thomas G 
McGall, O 
McGarry, John 
McGraw, John 
McGuirk, John 
McGann, Barney 
McGinniss, Mrs 
McGowan, C Mrs 
McGowan, John 
McGowan, Martin 
McGowan, B 
McHeron, George 
McHugh, Felix 
McHugh, Thomas 
McHugh, James 
McHugh, Patrick 
McHugh, B Mrs 
McHugh Michael 
Mcintosh, Sarah 
McKinzie, George 
McKenna, P 
McKeon, James 15 
McKeon, Alex 
McKauby, John 
McLean,* Alex 15 
McLean, Joseph 



McLaren, J C 
McLaren, H 
McNamee, Owen 29 
McNiff , John Est of 
McNiff, B 
McNurney, Henry 
^IcOwen, Wm 
McPetrie, J 8 
McPartlin, Charles 
McPartlin, James 
McPherson, James 
McPhillips, Barney 3 
McQuirk, John 
McQuade, Owen 
McQuire, John 
McQuade, E 
McRoberts, John 
McRoberts, Josiah 
McRoberts, F H 
McVey, James 
Meil, August 
Meilley, A E 
Meacham, Benjamin 
Messer, Louise 
Meredith, J 
Melter, John 
Mehr, John 
Melchoir, Auaust 
Meeker, A B 3 
Meir, Michael 
Meyer, Michael 
Meyer, Michael 31 
Meyers, Charels 12 
Meyers, Conrad 24 
Messenger & Co 
Messenger, Philip 
Meyers, Lenhart 
Mensis, J 
Meagan, M 8 
Meir, Gottlieb 
Meagher, Mich 8 
Meevo, Robert II 
Meers, D 

Methodist Parsonage 
Methodist Society 
Meadows, Jesse 
Meeker, A B 
Meyer, John 
Meyers, W H 
Merrill, G H 
Mead, A B 
Meachnor, Harriet E 
Meers, Dennis & Robert 
Metzger, Conrad 
Metzger, Gabriel 
Merrill Bros 
Merrill, G C 
Merrill, J C 
Meadows, Jos 15 



Miller, John S 
Miller, W F 
Miller, John 
Miller, H 
Miller, James W 
Michael, John 
Millspaugh, Isaac T 
Milley, John 
Milk, William 
Miner, W S 
Middlebrook, A S 
Mitchell, Catharine 
Mitchell, L C 
Miles, Ellen 
Mick, John 
Mills, William 22 
Miller, S W 4 
Miller, David 8 
Mill, Wm 22 
Miller, Peter 
Mentrich, Peter 3 
Mills, Wm 
Mitchell. John 31 
Mills, Sam 
Moes, Mary A 
Moran, John 3 
Moran, James 
Moran, Thomas 
Moran, Michael 
Moore, O R 
Moore, Clement J 
Moore, Thomas 
Mock, John 
Mock, Joseph 
Monahan, P 15 
Monahan, James 15 
Morgan, Michael 
Morgan, W H 
Morgan, M S 
Morgan, T W 
Morris, Jacob 
Morrissey, Ann 
Meri'isey, Andrew 
Morrissey, John 
Morrissey, James 
Mooney, Emmet 
Moriarty, John 3 
Molenpah, Fred 
Moffat, James 
Moreland, John C 
Moriarty, Miles 
Mollilone, Joseph 
Montieth, Charles 
Morrison, John 
Moses, Abbie 
Mork, C 
Mossman, F 
Morse, Albert 
Mount Olive Lodge 



288 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



Mork, C 
Monahan, J O 
Mooney, F 
Moody, C C 
Moore, W N 
Mohr, J W 
Morgan, M Mrs 
Morgan, H J 
Morgan, H W 
Morris, F N 
Morgan, J C 
Moulton, Mrs 
Morrissey, J F 
Moon, R S 
Moody, Albert 
Montweiler, Charles 
Morris, Mrs. 
Morrison, John 
Mount, J B 
Morrison, Robert 
Molt, J G & Co 8 
Mott, Peter 
Morrison, R J 
Moehlenpah, F 
Munday, William 
Mulligan, Margaret 
Muller, William 
Mulrooney, William 
Munson, G S 
Munn, S W 
Muschel, Havier 15 
Munsey, Jonathan 8 
Munsey, Jonathan 
Murray, Patrick 
Murray, Mary T 
Munroe, G & Sons 3 
Murley, William 
Mulvaney, Michael 
Munn, C W 
Mupps, William 
Munch, F 
Munch, H 
Murphy, James 3 
Murphy, Patrick 15 
Murphy, Lawrence 
Murphy, Thomas 
Muiphy, H 
Murphy, D Y 
Murphy, Martin 34 
Murphy, F D 
Murphy, Michael 13 
Murphy, J P 15 
Murphy, P W 
Murphy, J D 
Murphy, William 
Munrou, George 
Munroe, WeeksctWidney 
Mullen, Dennis 
Mullen, WilliHm 



Mullen, Bridget 
Murphy, H 
Murphy, M Mrs. 
Munch, D 19 
Murr, Charles 
Murphy, Jidia A Mrs. 3 
Murphy, James 
Murphy, Thomas 
Murphy, J P 3 
Murphy, D&F 
Munroe, E S 10 
Muller, Gallers 
Muschitz, John 
Munroe, George II 10 
Munroe, J G 
Munroe it Simmons 
Myers, Claud 
Myers, W H 15 
Naur, Nicholas 
Naddelhoflfer, J W 
Nachbour & Nicholaus 
Nash, A Dr. 
Newbold, Thomas 
Newkirk, Charlotte 33 
Neydeggar, Samuel 
Nelson, Lewis H 3 
Nelson, C 
Nelson, Charles 
Nelson, George 3 
Neubold, T 
News, C 

Neaman, William 38 
Nelsou, Peter 
Newbold, F M 
Newman, James 
Nervier, Leo 
Newkirk, H C 15 
Newkirk, James 
Newkirk Bros. 33 
Niver, Margaret 
Niver, H 

Nicholas, William 
Nickel, Henry 33 
Niles, S 37 
Nicholson, Francis 
Nicholson, Thomns 
Nichols, II B 
Nichols, N F 3 
Niver, George 
Nickel, Adam 3() 
Norton, I) 3 
Norton, James 3 
Nobles, James 
Nobles, Theodore 31 
Norton, J C 
Noel, A G 33 
Nolan, Daniel 
North western Telegraph 
Co 



Norris Scrap Cabinet Co 
Norton, S B 8 
Nolan, F 15 
Nuischitz, John 
Oaks, A 

Oberman, Herman JVIrs. 
Oberman, Herman 3 
Oberman, John F 
Oberlin, Edward 
O'Bryen, Thomas 
O'Brien, John 
O'Brien, Matthew 
O'Brien, William 
O'Brien, Jane 
O'Brien, Ann Mrs. 3 
O'Brien, R 15 
O'Brien, K Mrs. 
O'Brien, Martin 
O'Brien, Timothy 
O'Brien, Michael 
O'Brien, Ellen Mrs. 
Oberland, F 
O'Connor, Margaret 
O'Conner, Stephen 
O'Connell, Charles 
O'Connell, Mary 
O'Connell, Patrick 
O'Connell, John 
O'Connell, Charles 
O'Connor, C Mrs. 
O'Connell, H Mrs. 
O'Connor, John 
O'Connor, Timothy 3 
O'Connor, Stephen 
O'Daniel, Peter 
O'Donnell, Thomas 15 
O'Donnell, John 
O'Donnell, John S 
Odd Fellows Society 
Odenlhal, Herbert 
Offerman, John 31 
Oli'erman, Frank 31 
Ogilvie, J 
Ogden, M D 
Ogden, M B 
Ogden, Frank 15 
O'Grady, Anthony 
O'Hara, James 3 
O'Hara, Mary Mrs 
O'Leary, Timothy 3 
O'Leary, Anthony J 
Olney, C C 
Olin, Benjamin 
Oliver, S A 
O'Leary, Michael 2 
Oldenburg, John 30 
O'Malley, Catherine 
O'Mahoney, John 
O'Malley, "Lawrence 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



289 



Onderdonk, John 
O'Neil, Thomas 
O'Neil, Edward 36 
O'Neil, Michael 
O'Neil, John 
O'Neil, M J Mrs * 
O'Neil, John 
Oonovan, Jerry 
ppeld, John 31 
O'Riley, James 
O'Rumble, Thomas 
O'Rimible, Thomas Jr 
Oslrander, Wm 24 
Osborne, C T 
Oswald, Erhard 
Osgood, A 8 
Osborn, C 2 
Osterman, J P 
O'Toole, Dennis 8 
Otter, Adam 
Paris, Mrs E 15 
Paul, James, Sr 
Patchel, John 
Pasold, Catherine 
Pasold, John 
Paesold, J 21 
Pasold, Ferdinand 
Palmer, Jacob 
Palmer, Ella 
Palmer, Martha 
Parent, Albert 
Paige, Charles 
Patrick, J F 
Patrick, J E 33 
Parther, Christ 23 
Page, Seneca 
Parker, Wm 
Parker, Johanna 
Park, Mary 
Park, D S 

Parke, Joseph M 33 
Parkas, G D A 
Patterson, J G 
Patterson, Harriet Mrs 
Patterson, Thomas H 
Palmer, Alex 
Pacey, W H & Son 
Paulsen, Leo 
Pacey, Wm 8 
Pacheritz, J Mrs 
Paff, John 11 
Pankow, Chas 
Palmer, Prof 30 
Palmer, Edward 
Palmer, George 
Paige, J D 
Page, John 11 
Parks, James 
Page, Maria Mrs 11 



Park, Wm 
Park, J O 
Parks & Elwood 
Partchietz, J Mrs 
Parry, H 15 
Patterson, Joseph 29 
Payfair, Charles 
Potter, James 
Parks & Elwood 
Pelkey, Wm 
Penderson, O 
Peter, F 
Peter, Smith 
Peters, Henry 
Perkins, Lydia 
Perkins, Joseph 
Pease, Sidney 
Pettigrew, John 
Peterson, G L 
Pensinger, Rhoda Mrs 31 
Peoples' Loan & Home- 
stead Association 
Perry, Joseph H 13 
Peterson, J L 
Peters, Ira L 
Peeling, Geo 
Pettigrew, Chas 
Peediz, John 
Ptleger, A 
Phine, Alexander 
Phelps, Erbert 
Pickerell, Wm 3 
Pickle, Mrs 
Pickards, Richard 
Pierce, E 
Pierce, Robert JVI 
Pierce, Sanford 
Pipenbrink, H F 
Pierson, J R 
Pierce, M L Mrs 
Pierce, R H 
Pierce, A F Mrs 
Pierce, B R 11 
Pickel, Chas 23 
Pigott, John 
Pelcher, R 
Pinneo, J D 
Pinney, D H 
Pickett, Sicily 15 
Pickett, Michael 15 
Plant, T W 
Plhaumes Miles 
Pluml), F M 
Plant, F W 
Plant, F W & F B 
Plimpton, F M Mrs 
Pond, A W 
Powers, Patrick, 
Post, H G 



Pond, G W 
Pond, D W 
Powers, John 
Powers, Winifred 
Pohl, Henry Sr 
Pohl, H P 
Posta, Ignatz 
Powles, Daniel B 
Potter, Geo W 
Potter, Alvis 
Potter, Harriet A 
Porter, Edward 
Porter, Edwin 
Porter, J 
Porter, C 
Patsh, Jacob 8 
Palmer, Geo 
Powers, W 
Post, E 21 
Poor, Robert 
Powers, Rev W H 
Polhamus, Wm 
Potts, H E Mrs 14 
Prior, Michael 
Preston, Thomas 
Preston, Maria 15 
Pratt, Lydian C 
Pratt, Hiram 
Pratt, Mary A 
Prior, T H 
Prior, Timothy 
Pritchard, John 
Protestant Episcopal Soc 
Purvis, Wm 
Puffer, Cheney 
Py, Joseph 
Py, Mary 
Quirk, Bridget 
(guilty, Maurice 3 
Quiggle, J M 15 
Quggles, George W 
Quin, Mortimer 
Quinn, Michael 
(^uinn, Patrick 
Quinn, M W 
C^uinn, John F 
Quirk, Ellen Mrs 
Raub, Maria A 
Raub, N J 
Raub, John 
Rancher, Maria 
Rawley, A G 
Ray, Edward 
Ray nor, George C 
Rademaker, Thos 85 
Rath, F 

Rafferty, Catharine 3 
Raka, Henry 
Randall, A S 14 



290 



JOLIET Tt)W]SrSHIP AND CITY HISTOEY. 



Randall, S W 15 
Rappal, Fred 
Rap pal, Michael 7 
Raynor, J S & Co 
Randall, F 
Raub, Max 
Relph, Dan 
Rauft, John 
Randal, W E 
Rappal, Mrs 
Rath bun, C 
Reynolds, Mrs M 
Reedy, James 
Rewitt, A 
Reibling, Fred 
Redmond, Thomas 
Renneck, John 
Reuben, John H 
Reid, John 
Reed, S R 
Reed, IjUcIus J 
Reed, Charles 
Reed, Samuel B 
Reilley, Bernard 
Reithger, S 
Reeves, Marshall 
Rees, D A 
Reich mann, J J 
Reichmann, Joseph 
Reinhart, John 
Reitz, Wm 21 
Reimer, Gustav 
Reiger, John 
Regan, Honora 
Reagan, Michael 
Reichter, Fred 23 
Reimbald, R 
Reinbald, Paul 
Reed, Wm F 
Reed, R L 
Reese, J W 
Ream, W C 
Remley, Eli 22 
Reitz, Lawrence 
Reagan, A Mrs 
Reddy, Jerry 
Rhine, Jacob 
Rhodes, C B 
Richmond & Raynor 
Ridgway, Caleb J 
Riley, T H 
Riiey, Thomas 'd 
Ritzel, Henry 
Rindleman, Airs 
Rigdon, John 25 
Rickey, A 
Richart, Fritz 
Riechert, John 
Rislcy, Minerva P 



Richmond, J F Mrs 
Richard, David 22 
Richards, Charles Sr 
Richards, John 25 
Richards, Newton 
Richards, George Mrs 
Rielly, Patrick 3 
Riley, Wm 
Riley, John 
Rigney, Wm 
Rigdon, John 26 
Rivers, Wm 
Richardson, Joseph 
Richards & Rosewenet 
Richards, C W 35 
Richards, James 3 
Richards, S A 
Richards, R 35 
Richards, Wm 
Risser & Ritz 3 
Robeson, Frank D & E 
Robinson, Nancy A 23 
Robinson, A J 22 
Robinson, John H 15 
Robinson, Margaret 
Robinson, James 3 
Robinson, Mary A 
Robinson, Frank 
Robinson, John H 21 
Roberts, Pratt 
Roberts, John 
Robinson, Robert 
Rove, Samuel 
Ross, L E 
Ross, J P 
Ross, Joseph 
Ross, William H 
Roundtree, Daniel 
Rose, Robert 
Rodgers, Alexander 31 
Rodgers, Michael 
Rodgers, Oscar F 
Roper, Jane 
Rolf, Daniel 
Rowley, H H Mrs 
Rockey, George E 
Roke, Henry 
Rohaker, H 
Rooney, John 
Rogan, John 
Rowland. T M 
Rowel, Hopkins 
Bobbins, S O 
Robinson, Heber 
Rocheiffer, M 
Roberts, Wm 
Robertson, Dan 
Robertson, Margaret 
Robertson & Co 



Rothman, A L 

Ross, Jas C 8 
Rodgers, Thos 
Ross", J G 
Rosenheim, D 
Rose, Wm 
Rooney, Hannah 
Rodgers, Thos 12 
Rowley, A G 
Roan, Thos 25 
Rood, R B 
Rockey, F S 
Rockey & Son 
Root, Mrs H 
Rourke, Thos 
Rogan, Mrs R 
Rooney, M 6 
Rowell, Mrs Mary E 
Rudcliff, N M 
Rupert, Anthony 
Rubb, Henry 
Rudy, J 
Rudge, Henry 
Rush, Fred 
Rudge, Samuel 
Russell, Phoebe 
Russell, Elizabeth J 
Russell, Mrs Christina 
Russell, Amos C 4 
Rubenstein, Lorenz 
Rubenstein, Lawrence 
Rudd, David 24 
Rudd, Rossiter 13 
Rudd, Sandford 
Rudd, Barak 24 
Rutledge, W J 
Rulherford, Mrs S 
Rutherford, Mrs 
Rudd, E 23 
Ruben, J H 
Russell, C C 
Runold, Chas 
Rubb & Hoeffer 
Ryan, Mrs 
Ryan, Thos 10 
Ryan, Martin 
Ryan, David 
Ryan, James 
Ryan, Cornelius 
Ryan, John 1 
Ryan, John 1 
Ryan, James 10 
Ryan, Patrick 3 
Ryan, J H 3 
Ryan, David 3 
Ryan, Charles S 
Ryne, Geo W 
Ryan, Thomas 
Savage, Mrs S F 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOIJY. 



291 



Sans. Christian 

'^~ Sanders, M 

^ Sanders, S J 
Sartoris, Mary 
Sawyer, Susan 
Sawyer, Henry J 
Sampson, H A 11 
Salter, George B 
Sane, R R 
Sandiford, Thos 
Sandiford, R 
Sampson, Mrs 
Sanger, IT A 
Sanger, Albert J 
Zanders, C H 
Sans, F H 
Saylor, Mrs I C 3 
Savage, Wm 
Sanger & Moody 
Sass, John 
Sammons, D 4 
Sanger, L P 20 
Sawyer, Mrs Eliza 
Saylor, Mrs William 
Sarver, And 21 
Sandiford, R «& W 
Sanger, HA 
Sandiford, M 
Schall, Austin J 
Schall, Miles 
Schall. Philip 
Scott, Rosetta 
Scheulke, Michael 
Schmeir, Jolin 
Scammon, J Young 
Schroann, Fred 
Scheick, Henry 
Scult, H B 
Schanan, W Miss 
Schorie, John 
Scully, Bridget o 
Schreflfter, Henry 
Schwertle, Peter 
Schup, John 
Schroeder, F W 
Schuberth, John 
Schott, Jacob 
Schoedler, Frank 
Scheldt, Mrs Michael 
Schurtz, M W 
Scheldt, John, Sr 
Schosser, Godfrcd 
Schaller, Philip 
Schuch, John 
Schwartz, Xavier 
Schmeiser, John 
Schriver, John 
Schott, Rose 
Schoop, D R 



Schreimer, Nicholas 
Schweiver, Michael 
Schwartz, Julius 
Schmears, August 
Schwartz, John Jr 
Schwitzer, Conrad 
Schultz, Harry 
Schwab, Maria 3 
Schuman, Jos 
Schnitz, Ignatz 
Schneider, Michael 
Schneider, John 
Schwartz, Geo 
Schlentz, Jos 
Schnitz, Peter 
Schroeder, Alice 
Schneider, Geo 
Schautz, J B 
Schultz, Fred 11 
Schultz, Theo 
Schiedt, Michael 
Schoop, Chas 
Scheldt & Son 
Schoermel, Jos 24 
Schmitte, Peter 
Schruser, J M 
Schwartz, J 
Schmerhorn, J J 15 
Schraff, Wm 
Scheldt, F A 
Scheidt, J, Jr 
Scheldt, Anton 8 
Scheidt, John Jr 
Schwisler, John 
Schelling, J B 
Schreffler, A H 
Schreffler, Anton 
Schweisler, Casper 
Schroeder, H 
Scully, P O 
School-house 
Scully, E Mrs 
Scheidt Bros 
Scutt. J F 
Scheddler, Frank 
Schaaf, John 
Schroeder, T. W 
Scott, S B 
Schrauff, W S 
Schaffner, E L 
Senahan, M 
Seitz, Eliza Mrs 
Seitz, Stephen 
Seitz, Anthony 
Seitz, Matilda Mrs 
Seitz, Joseph 
Selz, M 3 
Serves, Matilda 
Searles, D C 



Searles, M E 7 
Schung, Fred 
Seibenthil, William 
Seeley, J 
Seeley, George 
Seeley, John 
Seeley, Jonas 
Severn, N H Mrs 
Sees, George 
Semmerer, A 
Sennett, Edward 
Seneca, H 
Selser, Frederick 
Seivert, Vincent 
Seigel, George 
Seward, Calvin 8 
Sewart, John 
Sees, George 
Seigel, George 
Sexton, Martin 3 
Sexton, Denis 3 
Selander & Johnson 
Sellinger, Herman 
Severin, Thomas 
Sever, Chas S 
Severt, John 1 
Selz, Schwab & Co 3 
Selzser, Susan Mrs 
Seward, R S 
Shaffer, Paul 
Shaffer, Henry 
Shaw, Fayette B 
Shaw, Clark J 
Shaw, Alex 
Shaw, F B 
Shaw, James 
Sheridan, Dennis 
Sheridan, Patrick 
Sharp, A B 
Shirk, Henry 
Shields, John 
Schroeffler, Mary Mrs 
Shoop, Louisa 
Sheple}% \Ym 
Shuttler, J F 
Shubert, Conrad 
Shiffer, Fred 
Shelley, J L 
Shaffner, Benjamin 
Shauahan P 
Shanan, W Miss 
Shussler, Joseph 
Sliults, Henry 
Short, Mary S 
Short Terrencel 
Short, Barnev 3 
Short, T 3 
Short, Patrink 
Sharp, Emily M 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



Sherry, John 23 
Shaw, E B 
Shaw, Solomon 10 
Shaw Bros 12 
Sheridan, John 3 
Shoemaker, W H 
Shannon, Mrs Margaret 
Sharp & Co 
Shannahan, Patrick 
Sheldon, Frank 
Shreffler, John 
Shreffler, A H 10 
Shaffner, Elmer 
Shannahan, Michael 
Shannon, Mrs K 
Shaffner, Levi 
Shouse, C B 
Shults, John 23 
Shults, Sam 26 
Serne, John 
Silks, R 
Simons, S O 
Simmons, Anna Mrs 
Sing, Adam 33 
Simpson, B 23 
Simpson, Luke 
Simpson, B 
Sido, Stephen 
Sindsey, Adaline 
Simonds, Philip 
Simpson, Mayor 
Simpson, Luke 15 
Simon, John 
Simpson, Mary Mrs 26 
Sisters of Loretto 
Sinks, G L 
Skinner, L D 
Sloan, John 3 
Sloan, Bridget 3 
Sloan Catharine 
Slemm, Wm 
Slim, Wm 
Sleeper, D C 
Slater, M 
Slimm, A E 
Smith, Andrew 
Smith, James 8 
Smith, J C 
Smith, Beattie 
Smith, Mrs Wm 
Smith, Peter 
Smith, FAS 
Smith, Rose Mrs 
Smith, Henry A 
Smith, I D 
Smith, Wright 
Smith, Emily 
Smith, Wm 
Smith, Catharine 



Smith, Nicholas 
Smith, Michael 
Smith, Floretta 
Smith, Dwight 
Smith, E N 
Smith, Christopher 
Smith, Owen 
Smith, John 
Smith, Paul Jr 3 
Smith, Paul Sr 
Smith, Andrew 
Smith, Patrick 7 
Smith, D G 
Smeeker, Margaret 
Smalley, Henry 
Smalley, John 
Smith, F G 
Smith, G & W 
Smith, Charles 11 
Smith, H H 
Smith, H S 
Smith, Hannah Mrs. 
Smith, J D 
Smith, George 27 
Smith, Henry 
Smith, Jesse 
Smith, Christopher 2 
Smith, Peter 
Smith, C G 
Smith, John W 
Smith, Fred 
Smith & Co 
Smalley, A 20 
Smalley, J M 
Snapp, Henry 
Snapp, A 
Sohn, Andrew 3 
Souman, Adam 
Solar Stove Works 
Solan, Leon 
Sollers, William 3 
Solon, MA Mrs. 11 
Sollitt, J B 22 
Soule, L 
Spangler, W H 
Spangler, Mrs. John 
Spangler, S D 
Sperry, G 21 
Spears, William R Mrs. 
Spear, James B 
Spretger, Frank 
Spangler, John 
Spangler, Agnes S 
Spangler, Henry 
Spangler, W A 
Spencer, R 
S|)aulding, David E 
Springer, F 
Spoor, Harlow H 



Speer, J B 
Spencer, O 
Speer, W D 
Spangler, A M 
Spencer, O L 
Spaulding, N N 
Squires, Isaac 22 
Squires, B 21 
Sheffer, Paul 
Starr, A R 
Stanton, J S 
Steinhorn, F 
Strahman, C 22 
Steele, Mrs. F L 
Stoll, C Mrs. 8 
Street, J R 
Stuffier, F X 
Steffen, Christian 
Steffen, Henry 
Staples, W G 
Starbuck, Irene 
Steinburg, Mary E 
Stege, William C 
Stanton, Johanna 
Stanton, David 
Stanton, Nicholas 
Shaffer, Paul 
Stapleton, William 
Stachle, C W 
Stemman, Rcgina 
Stoddard, Betsey 
Stock, John, Est of 
Staff meier, John 
Stoos, Joseph 
Stalder, Nicholas 
Stowe, Louise P 
Stanley, F G 
Steel, William J Est of 
Steel, Susan M 
Strickland, Maria Mrs. 
Strickland, Leon 
Stahl, Ignatz 
Strong, William A Jr 
Strung, John 
Stewart, William 
Stewart, Ezra H 
Stoll, Charles 8 
Still man, O W 10 
Steibgier, Frank 
St. Francis, Third Order 

of, 32 
Stockmeir, John 4 
Strong, A C Mrs. 
Stone City Bank 
Strickland, H 
Strohman, John 22 
Strohman, Chris 22 
Stollman, H W 
Starr, A R 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



293 



Stentz, John 22 
Steffan, H 
Steffan, C 
Strenlow, Louisa 
Strauss & Co 
Starbuck, William 2 
Stanton Bros 
Storm, John 22 
Stevens, J D 
Stephens, E L 
Stevens, J P 
Stevenson, Charles 33 
Stevens, Louise Mrs. 
Stevens, H D 
Stevens, W W 
Stevens, Nancy 11 
Stevens, Albert Mrs. 11 
Stevens, H K 10 
Stevens, Benjamin 21 
Stephens, Sebastian 
Stephens, J Sr 
Stephens, Orvin 
Stephens, Joseph 
Stephen, John Jr 18 
Stender, John 15 
Stearns, H F 
St. Julian, Joseph 
St. Julien, J I 
St. Ange, Louis 
Stevens, R F 
Stevens, F K Mrs. 
St. Clair, W J 
Stearns, Joseph 
Stevens, M Mrs, 
St. John, J L 
Stryker, T R 20 
Starges, John 33 
Sullivan, Dennis 2 
Sullivan, John 
Sulhvan, Owen 
Sullivan, Paul 
Sullivan, Ed 
Sullivan, James 
Sunderland, Patrick 
Sulland, John 
Sutton, James 
Sutphin, C H 
Suthphin, Wiliam 
Sullivan, H Mrs 2 
Sullivan, Tim F 
Sullivan, Eugene 
Supple, T B 
Summer, E P Mrs 
Sun Printing Co. 
Swan, Joseph R 
Swan, C B 
Swartout, Con 15 
Sweet, L G 
Swiggert, J M 



Swanson, John 
Symington, W H 19 
Tait, Michael 
Tait, Michael 
Talbot, Edward 
Talbot, Richard 
Talge, Conrad 
Tarbell, J F 
Taylor, J W 
Taylor, John W 
Taylor, Henry 
Taylor, Tiberias 
Taylor, H Mrs 
Talbott, Robert 
Taylor, William 
Tait, George D 
Talcott, C H 
Telfer, F W 
Teeling, James 3 
Terry, F E 
Tea, Mark B 31 
Telfee, F W 
Tea, John H 31 
Thayer, Leroy 
Themes, Nicholas 
Theiler, John 
Thompson, Aron 
Thompson, S F 
Thompson, E Mrs 
Thornton, Carey 

Thornton 

Thayer, H L 4 
Thayer, Leroy 3 
Theil, August 31 
Thorp, D 8 
Themes, J 
Theiler, Anton 7 
Theiler, Joseph 20 
Thickett, John 
Thornton, Bernard 
Thompson, 8 J Mrs 
Thayer, E H 
Thug, L 
Thompson, D B 
Thiel, August 31 
Thickett, John 
Tipper, William 3 
Timm, Peter J 
Tiltors, S 25 
Tighe, Nicholas 
Tibbett, George 
Tighe, John W 
Tighe, U D 
Tonner, William 
Tonner, Mrs 
Torrence, J L 
Townsend, Thomas 
Toorney, Edward 
Towne, IVI H 



Towne Bros. 
Tobias, Thomas C 
Towne, George 
Tomes, John W 
Tollman, Thomas 
Tracy, Michael 
Tracy, Nicholas 
Treat, Francis H 
Tramor, Thomas 
Troy, Patrick J 
Troy, James 
Trickinaw, John 
Tritchler, Charles 
Tripp, James M 
Trowbridge, George P 8 
Trobridge, Sarah 8 
Trevor, John 85 
Trainor, Patrick 
Trabing, Mrs 31 
Traver, John 
Tunnicliff, F 
Tupper, J H 
Tupper, Lewis & Frank 
Tuck, Lucy A 
Turnstein, Lewis 
Tullock, G H 
Twohey, Matthew 
Twohey, Patrick 15 
Tyghe, Catherine 
Tyghe, Susan 
Tynan, Patrick 
Tyler, E M 
Tyrell, Thomas 
Tyrell, Ann Mrs. 
Tyler, S S 
Tyler, M F 
Ulrich, Frederick 
Ulm, Lawrence 
Ulrich, Michael 
Ulrich, Henry A 
Unmack, William 22 
United States Ex. 
Vanderberg, William 
Vanderlip, P A 
Vance, G L 
Valker, John 
Valker, Mary 
Van Allen, Charles F 
Van Allen, Myron 8 
Van Aukcn, Jacob C 17 
Van Horn, Garrett 
Van Kuel, C 15 
Van Vlake, Frank L 
Vassar & Clare 
Vance, AE 
Vanderhoof, S M Mrs 
Variager, Joseph 
Vansetter, E H A 
Van Horn, L & Kate 



294 



JOrjEP TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 



Vanderhoof, L 
Van Horn, C J 
Van Horn, A JVI 
Van Fleit, O. D 
Van Fleit, A 
Vacber, Proper 
Verly, Fanny Mrs 
Venhoff, Andrew 
Vessel, Conrad 
Verlin, A 
Veigel, John 
Vincent, Joseph 
Vinson, Mary C 
Vought, Francis 
Vought, Jacob 
Vorgild, Charles 
Voelker, Mary Mrs 1 
Volker, Mary Ann 1 
Volker, John 
Voight, John L 
Voight, H C 
Voight, Mry, Mrs. 
Vonisch, E 29 
Voelker, Charles 1 
Vorlieis, R 4 
Walker, Henry 
Watson, J S Mrs. 
Watson, Isaac 
Waldfogle, Felix 
Waldfogle, A 2 
Waldfogle, Benedict 2 
Wall, R W 15 
Walls, James 
Wade, Desire 
Waters, Edward 
Walsh, Robert 
Watkins, J & Son 
Walch, Martin 
Warren, Caleb 
Warren, William 
Warren, J M 
Wagner, Martin 
Wagner, Christian 
Wagner, Ignatz 
Wagner, Anthony 
Wagner, Alvis 
Wagner, Ferdinand 1 
Wagner, Michael 
Wagner, F 
Wagner M W 
Warner, L L 
Warner, Joseph 
Wallen, Helen A 
Wallace, P S 
Wallace, B W 
Walworth, Henry R 
Waterson, John 
Watkins, Jonathan 31 
Ward, George H 



Watkins, William 
Watkins, James H 32 
Watson, J C 
Watkins, M 
Warmington, F F 
Wally, Nicholas 8 
Watson, J L Mrs 
Watkins, Jonathan 32 
"\^atkins, M 
AVatkins, J D 
Walter, Michael 3 
Watkins Barb Wire 

Fence Co 
Waltef, M 3 
Waters, Ed 
Wallace, George Mrs. 
Wallace, B 
Warnock, J 
Warder, H W 
Wagner, A H 
Washington, Amos 
Wampler, Mrs. 
Wagner, Peter J 
Walker, F H 
Walker, Susan M Mrs. 
Walsh, John 
Walsh, Richard 
Walsh, Thomas 
AVadsworth, EDS 
Wade, George H & Co 
Walls & Ader 
Walsh & Huley 
Wachteldorfel, Jennie 
Ward, Charles 
Ward, James 15 
Ward, Charlotte B 
Ward, Hugh 15 
AVard, Louisa Mrs 
Walbrath, John 
Walker, II 
Wampler, M E Mrs. 
Waterman, D M 10 
AVaters, Ed 
Werdinger, George 
Weibel, Nicholas 
Weyerman, John 
AVestherbee, M 
Webb, Mary 
AVerdinger, George 
Webster, Oliver 
Wendle, John 
AVeidlands, Benedict 
Westphal, Martin 
Westphal, Luella J 
AVeaver, James R 
AVernman, Hubert 
Wertmuller, Charles 
AVerlin, Anthony 
Werlen, Peter 



Weber, Peter W 
Weber, Susanna 
Weed, Nelson 
Welsh, John C 
AVelsh, Patrick" 
AVeeks, CHIO' 
Weeks, Jane 
Weeks, Horace 
Weishaar, J 
Werner, Charles Jr 
Werner, Catherine 
Werner, Charles 
Werner, Adam 
Werner, Jacob F 
Werner, William 
Wergler, John 
Wells, 3 
AVerner, David 
AA^eise, J C 
Wells, D G 
Weitz, Louis 
Weils, Charles H 
AVestphal & Lagger 
Weerman, John 
Webster, Oliver 
Western Union Tel Co 
AVebb, George 
Weed, F M 
Welsh, Mrs M 
Webb, John 
Webb, Patrick 
Wernberg, Peter & Co 10 
Weirs, II B 15 
AVelte, Peter 
AYeirs, John 
AVerner, Doctor F W 
AVerner, Joseph 
AVerner, ]\Irs A W 
Werner, Val 
Westbury, Peter J 8 
Westman, O R 
White, Henry 
Whitting, George 
AA''halen, Patrick 
White, S S 14 
White, William 
White, L K 
AA'hite, Mrs E R 
AVhite, Mrs Ann 3 
White, Jesse O 
White, Jeremiah 
AVhite, Reverend J H 
White, James 
AVhitson, Benjamin 
AVhittier, George 
Whittier, Jacob 
AVheeler, Lorinda C 
Whipple, Mrs R A 
Whitefoot, John 



GENERAL HISTORY OF WILL COUNTY. 



295 



White, S S 

White, Reverend John 
White, Ellen 
White, L L 
White, Mrs J 
Wheeler, A J 
White & Becker 
White, Mrs J 
Whitefoot, John 
White, Louis H 
Whithead, S H 
White & Son 
Wheeler, Miss A I 
Wheeler, Emmett 20 
Whittier, Joseph 
Wheeler, L S 
Wheeler, Frank 
Whitson, Moses 
Wheeler, C S 
Whittier, J & Co 
Wiermau, John 
Wilt, Anthony- 
Wiggins, A J 
Williamson, L M 
Wise, James 
Winberry, John 
Winkler, William 
Wicharr, J 
Wiser, Elizabeth 
Wilds, Charles 
Wilcox, Mrs M C 
Wigle, George 
Wilcox, J F 
Wilcox, G N 15 
Winters, Daniel 
Winters, Eben M 31 
Winter, D E 
Winkie, Frank 

Winterbotham & Son J 3 Willig, F 
Winterbotham, Joseph 3 Williams, F B 
Wilkowski, J Williams, E 

Wilkowski, Anton Williams, C F 

Wise, Dennis Wood, Wm C 

Winkler, R Wood, James 

Wiser, S H Woodruff, Luther 2 

Will County National Woodworth, Thomas 



Wilcox, Charles 
Wilcox, Edward 
Wiles, Charles A 
Wilcox, I Mrs 15 
Wilbar, Henry 
Winke, Eva 
Wilson, L G 
Winke, Christopher 2 
Wilson, M J 
Wilson, Charles A 
Wilson, Ed 
Wilson, John 
Wilson, Janette 
Williams, Solomon 
Williams, W C 
Williams, James 
Williams, Adam 
Williams, Robert 
Williams, Jane 
Williams, J C 
Williams, Alson 
Williams, Charles 
Williams, S L 20 
Williams, Nichf.las 28 
Williams, J A 29 
Winterbotham, Jos 
Williams, Michael 
Williams, II H 
Williams, Sarah L 
Willmer, Michael 
AViley, Sam 6 
Wilson, C L 
Wilson, Mrs L 
Williams, Seth 
Wilkinson, D 
Williams, U A 
Williams, Wm 15 
Williams. S K 



Banking Co Woodcock, Wm 20 

Widney, F H Woodman, Chas 

Wilhelm, J J Wolfer, H 

Wilcox Brothers Woods, John 

Williams, Seth Wood, J L 

Wineman, Frank Wolf, J F 

Wiles, Charles Woerndle, F Dr 

Winke, Esa Woerndle, F 

The school reports for 1883 (Superintendent McKernan) 
give the following statement: 8,528 persons under 21 years; 
3,2G8 enrolled; 64 teachers; 20 school buildings, etc., valued at 
$123,900; total expenditures for year, $58,922.49. 



Wood, R M & J 
Wood, R M 
Woodruff, George II 
AVoodruff, O II 
Woney, H 10 
Woodruff, F W 
Woodruff, George Est of 
Worthing, W A 
Worthington, S H Mrs 
Worthingtou, MMrs 
Worrell, Lorinda 
Worrell, Charles 
Woodruff, George 
Worrell, Olivia Mrs 
Woodman & Johnson 
Wright, E A 
Wray, David Est of 
Wunderlick Magdalen 
Wunderlick, Arnst 
Wunderlick, George 
Wyne, Thomas B 
Wytt, John 
Wyneman, P 
Wyatt, Wm S 
Wyes, John 
Yack, S 
Yack, John 
Yates, .lames 22 
Young, Henry J 
Young, .Tames A 
Young, Edward, 
Young, Mansfield 
Youngplush, B M 
Youngblood, John 11 
Yohn, Joseph 
Young, Henry L 
Young, E H 
Young, C E Mrs 
Zarley, Calneh 
Zarley, William H 
Zarley, Sophia 
Zarley, R Est. of 28 
Zarley & Brown 
Zarley, J C 28 
Zapf, Max 
Zerbes, Caspar 26 
Zeigert, Oscar 
Zeikel, Ferdinand 
Zipf, Andrew 34 
Zipf, Frank 
Zipf, Theobald 
Zipf, Joseph M 34 
Zipf, Catherine 



296 JOLTET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

Personal History. — In the following pages a summary of the 
personal history of many of the old residents of Joliet city and 
township is given. 

William Adam established his lumber business at Joliet in 
1853, four years after settlement here. He employes from ten 
to twelve men the year round, and does an annual business val- 
ued at from 150,000 to $60,000. 

W. J. Adam, born at Joliet, September 18, 1851 (son of 
William Adam, a settler of 1849), was appointed managing 
partner in the firm of W. Adam & Co., in 1873, and continued 
in this position until 1877, when the mill was burned. On the 
formation of the Adam Manufacturing Company, W. J. Adam 
was appointed secretary and manager. The company's works 
on Wallace and Water streets, established in 1880, employ twenty 
men, and produce one hundred cars of barbed wire per annum, 
together with staples, fence-posts, etc. 

Peter AdeJman, son of Christopher Adelman, who came from 
Germany in 1846, and settled at Lockport, was born at Lock- 
port January 5, 1852. In 1870 Peter Adelman, with Anthony 
Schall, opened a dry-goods store at Joliet, the partnership con- 
tinuing until 1877, when Mr. Adelman acquired sole control. 
His wife, Miss Louisa Scheldt, daughter of Anton Scheidt, was 
married October 21, 1873. 

Michael Adler, born in Merzg, Prussia, in 1803, came to the 
United States in 1838, to New Lenox township in 1839, and 
settled at Joliet township in 1841. Up to 1870 he was engaged 
in agriculture and stock-raising; during 1870 he located at Joliet 
city. 

Jacoh Adler, born in Prussia, March 17, 1836, came with his 
parents to Chicago in 1838, and to New Lenox the next year. 
The family moved to Joliet in 1841, where he attended school 
in the old log school-house. In 1858 he left his father's farm to 
enter the grocery trade at Joliet; a year later he joined the 
Pike's Peak stampede, traveled throughout the West, and re- 
turning in 1861, engaged in stock-raising and butchering. For 
years he has been engaged in agriculture, stock-raising and 
dealing in stock for shipment. His marriage with Miss Emily 
Erhard, daughter of the pioneer (J eo. Erhard, took place Jan- 
uary 11, 1866. 

P. P. Adler, son of Michael Adler, whose name is given in 
the list of old settlers, was born October 7, 1842. In 1863 he 
entered business for himself, and was engaged in various trades 
and businesses until he established his wholesale and retail mar- 
ket here. In 1865 he was married to Miss Mary A. Flick. 

E. II. Akin, born at Johnstown, Fulton county. New York, 
July 3, 1815, settled in Michigan in 1847, at Chicago in 1848, 
and at Lockport in 1849. He joined in the stampede to Cali- 
fornia sliortly after, mined there until 1851, when he settled on 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 297 

a farm near Lockport, Illinois, moving to Joliet in 1854. Here 
he was engaged manufaeturitig stoves until 18G0. From 18G1 
to 1867 he was engaged in the manufacture of Jflour and grain- 
buying at Hennepin, Illinois. On his return to Joliet he en- 
gaged in the grain trade, manufacture of woolens and real estate 
business, and in 1872 laid out the Akin Addition near the Fair 
grounds. In 187-1: he was one of the originators'of the P. L. & H. 
Association; three years later he erected the Akin Building, and 
thus has taken a full part in the modern progress of Joliet. 
His marriage with Miss Sophronia 0. Merrill, of Cortland 
county, Xew York, took place June 10, 1840. One of his sons 
— Edward C. — is a lawyer of this county. 

Benjamin Franklin Allen, M. D., born at Watertown, Jeff- 
erson county, New York, December 12,1815, was educated at 
the Black River Literary and Eeligious Institute, studied medi- 
cine at Watertown and Brownsville, attended Geneva College, in 
1841-2, and completed his studies in 1844, Early in this year 
he visited Kane county, the winter of 1844-5, taught school in 
New Lenox township, where he resided until 1800, when, with 
his family he moved to Joliet. His marriage with Mrs. Pris- 
cilla W. Davison, widow of Judge Davison, took j^lace April 17, 
1845. Previous to his settlement at Joliet, he filled the office of 
clerk and supervisor of New Lenox township, and Avas County 
School Commissioner in 1857-8. His services on the Joliet 
School Board are hitherto noted. Doctor Allen's contributions 
to the local prizes, his odes, books of travel and romance would 
fill many pages. 

Henry W. Alexander, M. D., born in St. Joseph county, 
Michigan, 1837. Served in Eighty-eighth Illinois Volunteers 
in 1892. Was hospital steward at the general hospital, Mur- 
freesboro Tennessee, and served in various general hospitals at 
Chattanooga, Evansville, Madison, and Cincinnati, Was mus- 
tered out in the winter of 1805. Is a graduate of Chicago 
Medical College, a member of the American Medical Associa- 
tion, and of the Will County Medical Society. He is a skillful 
surgeon and an able practitioner. Office, Macon Block, Joliet. 

_ W. G. Andrews, established his clothing and merchant- 
tailoring establishment, added the gentlemen's furnishing 
goods department, and carries a select stock of goods. 

Orren W. Arnold, born in Orleans county. New Y^'ork, 
July 12, 1835. Came with his parents to Joliet in 1845; moved 
with them to Iroquois county, Illinois, in 1840, and was engaged 
on the homestead farm there until 1863; when he moved 
to Troy township. After a stay of six years in Troy, he took a 
band of horses to Minnesota, returned to Troy township in 
1874, and in 1877 engaged in the grocery trade at Joliet. His 
first wife, Miss Helen Summons, who he married in 1850, died 
19 



298 JOLIET TOWNSIIir AND CITY HISTORY. 

January 30, 18G3. His marriage with Miss Minnie Clark, of 
Plainfield, took place December 25, 1868. 

James R. Ashley, born in Lewis county. New York, 
February, 1825, came West, with his parents in 1837, and 
settled in Plainfield. His father, Eev. Mr. Ashley, of 
the Baptist Church, may be called the founder of the Baptist 
Societies at Plainfield, and Joliet. In 1851 James E. Ashley 
opened a general store at Plainfield, which he conducted 
until 18'71. Early in 1874 he re entered mercantile life at 
Joliet in company with A. B. Sharp. In January 1876 he 
entered the firm of H. P. Scutt & Co.; barbed-wire 
manufacturers. In October of that year the Joliet Wire Fence 
Company, was organized, when he was appointed Secretary. 
Mr. Ashley was married to Miss Julia F. Tyler of Troy, New 
York, October 27, 1850. 

Cyrus Ashley. — Deceased. 

H. E. Baldwin, born September 25, 1853, at Lacon, Illinois, 
settled near Ottawa with his parents in 1862, and there was 
educated. In June, 1870, he with his three sisters went to 
Kansas, where his father had already settled. He entered 
a printing office at La Cygne, Kansas, March 17, 1873, and con- 
tinued the printing trade with the Metropolitan Company at 
Chicago in 1875-6. In 1876 he revisited Kansas, returned to 
Joliet in 1877, and in February of that year entered the 
Phmnix office, was subsequently connected with the News, and 
in 1877 became a partner in the firm of Nelson Ferris & Co. 

Herbert H. Baldwin, M. D., born in Cook county, Illinois, 
1858, graduated from Cook county Normal Institute, studied 
medicine under Doctor Alexander, graduated from the Chicago 
Medicial College, and is now junior member of the firm 
of Alexander & Baldwin. 

M. E. Bannon. — See Business Directory. 

Fredrick A. Bartleson, born at Cincinnatti, Ohio, November 
10, 1833, moved with parents to Wheeling, Virginia, thence to 
Brooklyn, Freehold, New Jersey, and to Joliet in 1855; was the 
first to enlist among tlie Will County Volunteers. Pie raised a 
company for the One Hundredth Illinois Infantry, was 
commissioned Captain, again Colonel of the Eegiment, was 
killed at Kenesaw Mountain, June 23 (vide Military Chapter). 
He was married to Miss Catherine Murray (now Mrs. Casselberry) 
immediately after his election as District Attorney. He was 
an able lawyer, even as he was a soldier. 

lloyal E. Barber, born in Eiitland county, Vt., in 1822, 
came to Will county with parents in 1832, was educated at 
Joliet, studied law there and was admitted to the Bar in 1847. 
In the political chapter and on the official history of Joliet, his 
public record is given. In 1877 he entered a copartnership with 
Messrs. Eandall & Fuller. 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOKY. 299 

E. S. Barney, manager Press office, was born at Newark, 
Ohio, Feb. 4, 184:7. His parents, James M. and Elvina Barney, 
were natives of New York and Virginia respectively, and settled 
in Ohio at an early date. Moving to Illinois, Mr. Barney entered 
the office of the Ottawa Free Trader, subsequently traveled ex- 
tensively throughout the States, managed opera houses at 
various important points, and located at Joliet, after eleven 
years devoted to newspaper and opera house manager's work. 
When he settled at Joliet about twelve years ago, the city was 
minus a daily paper. He was an active agent in introducing 
the Daily Sun, again manager of the Daily News, and lastly, 
principal in starting the Daily Press, August 22, 1883. Mr. 
Barney was married October 3, 1874, to Miss Sarah Betilyon. 
In journalism as well as individually he is independent and an 
unflinching opponent of that which appears to him to be op- 
posed to good citizensliip. 

Nathaniel Barns, born in Rockland county, N. Y., June 18, 
1818, came to Will county in 1858 and settled on the homestead 
farm (section 32) the same year. Miss Mary P. Thiell, to whom 
he was married October 1, 1849, was born in Rockland county, 
June 21, 1829. 

Josepli Bartliehne, born in Alsace, Germany, February 17, 
1828, came to New York April 27,1 84G, and located in Joliet in 
October, 1848. In 1860 he rented a farm near the city, and in 
18G7 purchased eighty acres on section 6, in Joliet township. 
In 1851 he purchased his house on Bluff street, again purchased 
a second eighty-acre farm close to the city. His wife. Miss Mary 
Wiles, to whom he was married June 11, 1851, was born in 
Alsace, March 22, 1833. See list of city officers for official record. 

Michael Barthehne, son of the late Jos. Barthelme of this 
county, controls 120 acres in section 11, Joliet township; 
was born in Joliet in 1858; was married in 1883 to Miss Barbara, 
daughter of Joseph Fiday of Joliet. 

John Belz, a native of Alsace, came to Joliet in April, 1836, 
with George Erhard, was married to Miss Veronica Periolat, of 
Cliicago, early in 1838, and with Mr. Erliard erected the Bluff 
Street Brewery. He with his brother-in-law Erhard were the 
first German settlers in AVill county, and it is presumed his 
daughter was the first female German-American native of the 
county. 

Fred. Bennitt. — See Business Directory. 

Gideon Bernier, a young French-Canadian, came to Joliet 
in 1854, enlisted in the 20th Illinois Infantry in 1861, re- 
enlisted in Veteran Reserve Corps, was promoted captain in 
June, 1865, mustered out with the command, opened a boot and 
shoe store on Jefferson street, and died from disease contracted 
in the war, February 5, 1871. 

Louis Bero, owns eighty acres in section 6, range 10, Joliet 



300 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

township; was born in Canada in 1810 and came to Will county 
in 1843; was married in New York in 1834 to Miss Mary A. 
Lamper, daughter of George Lamper, of New York; has a fam- 
ily of seven children, all living. 

William W. BisJiop, born in Ulster county, N. Y., February 
26, 1837, came to Chicago in 1859, and in 1862 enlisted in the 
103d Illinois Infantry. He was elected 1st lieutenant of com- 
pany A, promoted captain, won the place of honor at Porter^s 
Creek, Tenn., served in the Georgia campaign, and participated 
in the National Keview at Washington. After muster out he 
engaged in the lumber trade at Chicago, from which city he 
moved to Joliet in 1869 to enter into partnership with John P. 
King. His marriage with Miss Julia A. King, of Chicago, took 
place'^ September, 1865. 

Michael Birgel was born in 1825, came to Will county in 1854, 
was married to Margaret Yonan in the same year. Mr. Birgel 
has 106 acres of land in the homestead, eighty acres on section 
30, twenty-six on section 32. He has six children, four boys 
and two girls. He was school director for a number of years. 
Wm. A. Boardman came from New York in 1835, entered at 
once on the practice of law, died while revisiting Will county in 
October, 1872. 

E. A. Boioen, proprietor National Hotel, took charge of this 
house in 1880. It may be termed the pioneer hotel of the city. 
Mr. Bowen was born in New York State July 30, 1823, came to 
Joliet in 1876, and in 1880 assumed control of the National. — 
(Vide Hotel History.) 

Rodncnj S. Bo'wen, major 100th Illinois Infantry, was born in 
Herkimer county in 183."', came with his parents to Joliet in 
1834, moved with them to Wilmington in 1849, where, in July, 
1862, he aided in organizing a company for the 100th Illinois 
Infantry; was commissioned captain and served continuously 
until Mission Ridge was won in November, 1863. Owing to a 
severe wound received during the Chattanooga affair, he re- 
turned; but in February, 1864, reported at regiment quarters at 
Louden for service, and continued on active duty until wounded 
at Franklin, December 1, 1864. Three days later he died; his 
body was brought to Wilmington and interred with honors. 
His marriage with Miss Fannie, daughter of the pioneer, Dr. 
Todd, of Kankakee county, took place in 1855. 

H. Bouchier, horseshoer and blacksmith, 304 South Joliet 
street'. He is a native of Ireland. His business covers all lines 
in his trade. 

Boston Upliolstery House. — See Directory. 

Joseph Braun, born at Erbach, Germany, May 27, 1837, 

came to the United States in 1855 and located at Joliet the same 

year. He was in Minnesota from 1856 to 1859, at Naperville 

from 1859 to 1861 as clerk in Stenger's brewery, and returning 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 301 

to Joliet, he with Joseph Braun, deceased, established the 
Columbia Brewery in 1865, which, in 1868, he sold to F. Schring. 
His Marriage with Miss Francis C. Braun, a native of Soult, 
France, took place March 2, 1862. 

Joseph Braun, Jr., of Braun & Raub, born at Jolietin 1860, 
was married to Miss Theresa Stoos, daughter of Joseph Stoos, 
October 5, 1882. He was in the employ of D. Rosenheim for 
about six years, until April, 1884, when with Mr. Raub he estab- 
lished his present store. 

E. M. Bray. — See Business Directory. 

Percival Breiver. — See Business Directory. 

Brooks S Strong. — See Business Directory. 

Carl C. Broion owns twelve acres in section 11, Joliet town- 
ship. Was born in Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany, i3 1835, 
and came to Will county in 1859. Was married in 1860 to Miss 
Helen Schmidt, daughter of Andrew Schmidt, of this county. 
Has a family of three sons and two daughters, all living. 

Cyrils W. Brown. — Served in 22d New York Battery in 1862; 
promoted in 1863 to 1st lieut., 3d U. S. C. T., and served until 
November 1865. — (Vide Political Chapter). 

/. H. Broivn, came from Rensselaer county. New York, 
and located in Joliet 1816. 

John Brown, born on the Isle of Man, November 25, 1826; 
followed the tanners' trade at Douglas for ten years; came to 
the United States in 1853, and to Lockport, Will county, in 
1855. In 1856 he settled here, and since that time has been 
connected with the hide and leather trade. Mr. Brown was a 
member of the firm of Mack, Cleghorn & Co., for whom the 
Joliet Tannery was erected in 1863. His marriage with Miss 
Catharine Kusick, of Douglas, Isle of Man, took place three 
years prior to his coming to America. 

Lewis Broton, born in Onondaga county. New York, June 
2, 1827, came to Will county with parents in 1810. Twenty- 
three years later he settled on his farm (Section 24), where he 
owus a farm of 160 acres. Miss Christy Smithley, to whom he 
was married October 19, 1871, was born in Westmoreland county 
Pennsylvania, October 13, 1839. 

/. D. Broivn, born in Rensselaer county. New York, March 
12, 1826, was educated at Lyman Cross Academy at Troy, and 
in 1842 engaged in the drug and chemical trade at Lansingburg, 
New York. In 1846 he located at Joliet, and has, since that 
time, been engaged in the drug trade here with his brother, J. 
H. Brown. J. D. Brown's marriage with Miss A. Brown of 
New York, took place September 10, 1846. This lady died in 
September, 1855. Three years later he married Miss Emily G. 
Bartle. 

Roswell S. Brown, son of R. D. Brown, of Rensselaer county. 
New York, who settled in Joliet in 1845, was born at Joliet, 



302 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOKT. 

August 30, 1845. In 1862 he entered the Signal office, worked 
at the case until 1873, when he became Mr. Zarley's partner in 
the management of that pioneer journal. 

Rev. Maurice F. Burhe, born in Limerick county, Ireland, 
May 5, 1845; accompanied his parents to Chicago some years 
later; entered the University of St. Mary's of the Lake there 
in 1863; entered the American Cpllege at Rome in 1866, where 
he studied for nine years previous to his ordination. In May, 
1875, he was ordained by V. G. the Cardinal Patrizzi, traveled 
extensively through Europe, Ireland and Great Britain the same 
year; returned to Chicago; was appointed assistant pastor of St. 
"Mary's in that city, and appointed pastor of St. Mary's, Joliet, 
in April 1878. Eev. P. \Y. Dunne is assistant priest of this 
parish. 

H. R. Burlingame was born in Vermont, and settled in 
Lockport, 1855. He moved to Joliet in 1872, and is a con- 
tractor and builder, with place of business corner of Cass and 
Joliet streets. His residence is 308 Eastern avenue. Mr. B. 
gives special attention to the erection of fine residences. 

J. E. Bush, born in Washington county, N. Y., November 
5, 1835, came with his father, Stephen N. Bush, to Joliet in 
1861. Mr. Bush was educated at Whitehall Academy, and at 
Williams College, from which he graduated in 1860. After a 
term of about four years devoted to mercantile and banking 
business at Joliet, he purchased the pioneer grain elevator of 
Will county from Abijah Cagwin, in 1864. In 1872 he erected 
the elevator near the Michigan Central railroad depot, and en- 
tered the grain trade on a most extensive scale. In 1863 he 
married Miss Marian C. Woodruff, daughter of George Wood- 
ruff. This lady died in 1876, leaving two children. In 1877, 
his marriage with Miss Bella G. Kenyon, of Wheatland, was 
solemnized. 

T. Burke, born at Lowell, Mass., May 11, 1840, became a 
resident of Joliet a few years later. He established the local 
express business here at an early day, and afterwards opened 
the livery, feed and sale stables. His marriage with j\Iiss Mary 
Hennessy, a native of Ireland, was solemnized July 11, 1856. 

Christopher Byr7ie emigrated from Ireland in 1873, and is 
now engaged in the general gi'ocery business at 518 South Chi- 
cago street. Mr. Byrne keeps in stock a full line of goods at 
all times. 

Abijah Cagwin, born in Oneida county, N. Y., May 19, 
1807, came to Will county in 1835, located within two miles of 
Joliet settlement, built a saw-mill there, and made the place 
his home until 1839, when he moved into Joliet village. In 
1839 he was elected County Judge. Four years later he, with 
his brother, Francis L., opened a general store; in 1856 he or- 
ganized the banking house of Cagwin & Higginbotham, and 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CIT\^ HISTORY. 303 

subsequently established his grain-trade. His marriage with 
Miss Hannah Scriber, a native of Eutland county, Vermont, 
took place in 1827. Mr. Cag win's official and commercial con- 
nection with Will county is noticed both in tlie genei-al and 
township history. 

if. Oalmar.—See Directory. 

Joseph CampMl (deceased), born in Scotland, September 
30, 1807, came to Joliet in r839. He was a partner of Joel 
Matteson in quarrying and canal construction almost up to the 
period of his death, June 23, 1858. Miss Barbara Kelly, to 
whom he was married in July, 1833, was born in Scothmd, 
December 13, 1807, and came to the United States with her 
husband. The homestead farm on section 28, Joliet township, 
contains about 200 acres. 

M. B. Campbell, M. D., born at Willi ston, Vermont, No- 
vember 29, 1843, was educated there; studied medicine at Rut- 
land, Vermont, under Dr. E. A. Pond, and graduated from the 
medical school of Harvard University, March 7, 18G6. Previ- 
ous to this date he served one year as medical cadet in the 
United States Army; after graduating, practiced with Dr. Bond 
for one year, and coming AVest, practiced at Wilmington, Illin- 
ois, until 1874, when he located at Joliet. In 1872, he adopted 
homeopathy and surrendered allopathy, believing in the greater 
efficacy of homeopathic treatment. In 1874 he was elected a 
member of the American Institute of Homeopathy. 

George M. Campbell, born at Unity, Waldo county, Mame, 
January 5, 1848, moved to Iowa with parents in 1857, and with 
them to Joliet in 18G2. In May, 1875, he with two others 
organized the Joliet Stone Company and Avhen this company 
was incorporated, December 1, 1877, he was elected secretary 
and treasurer. Miss Libbie E. Snapp, to whom he was married 
December 25, 1873, is daughter of Henry Snapp, a pioneer of 
1833. 

Oscar E. Can/, son of Horace Gary of this county, owns 
160 acres in section 8, Joliet township, was born in Buran 
county, Illinois in 1857, and came to Will county in 1874. 
Was married in Joliet in 1880 to Miss Catherine Bush, daugh- 
ter of Steven N". Bush of Joliet. Has a family of one son and 
one daughter living. 

Herbert 0. Cary, son of Horace Cary, of this county, was 
born in Connecticut in ]\Iarch, 1850 and came to Will county 
in 1875. Is at present bookkeeper of the oil house of A. B. 
Sharp & Co. of Joliet. Was married in Buran county, Illinois, 
in 1871 to Miss Anna Knight, daughter of Clayton Knight of 
that countv. Has a family of three sons, all living. 

H. S. "Carpenter, born . in Orleans county. New York, 
November 25, 1826, was educated at Albion and Rochester, 
New York, and came to Joliet in 1846. He conducted school 



301 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOEY. 

in Troy township for about three years, next engaged in buying 
and selling real estate and entered the grain trade in 1853-4. 
Early in 1874 he formed a partnership with F. E. Marsh, and 
the same year had the Union Transfer Elevator mill and dock 
erected at a cost of over |>15,000. Mr. Carpenter's marriage 
with Miss Henrietta Spencer, of Troy township, took place Jan- 
uary 22, 1850. 

Hugh H. Carson, born in Rhode Island, January 1, 1852. 
Came with his parents to Joliet in August, 1862; when his 
father, James Carson, purchased W. B. Caswell's grocery and 
provision business. Eobert Carson, born in Rhode Island, Sep- 
tember, 18, 1855, also came with parents to Joliet, and when 
]\Ir. Carson, Sr., retired in 1875, the two brothers succeeded to 
his interests in the grocery business. 

John R. Casey, M. D., born in Jefferson county, Illinois, 
January 28, 1835; studied at McKendree college from 1851 to 
1854; studied medicine under Dr. Charles A. Pope, and grad- 
uated at the St. Louis medical college in 1857. He at once 
entered on the duties of his profession in Richland county, Ill- 
inois, and in May, 1858, was appointed physician in charge of 
the State penitentiary hospital at Joliet, a position he held for 
ten years. He has held the office of city and county physician; 
president of the medical society, alderman, etc. Dr. Casey was 
married to Miss Ada Vanderpool, a native of New York city, in 
June, 1863. 

George W. Casseday, born in Bedford county, Virginia, 
December 1, 1803; moved with his mother to Kentucky, thence 
in 1817 to Troy, Ohio. In 1825 he located in this State, was 
engaged as carpenter at various places until 1851 when he 
settled at Joliet. His important work here was the establish- 
ment of Casseday's Addition. His marriage with Miss Delilah 
Murphy took place January 13, 1824, a year before his settle- 
ment in Illinois. His death occurred July 23, 1863. 

Wallace B. Gasiuell, born in Orleans county, near Albion, 
N. Y., in 1831, settled with his father at Plainfield, in 1844, 
where he assisted on the farm and in operating the grist mill 
Avhich his father purchased that year. From 1845 to 1855, at 
intervals, he was in the employ of Mr. Goddard, a merchant of 
Plainfield. In 1849 he was clerk in the store of H. W. Bigelow, 
of Chicago. In ante-war days he conducted a grocery store at 
Joliet; again, was suttler with the Illinois troops in Tennessee, 
which position cost him his supplies and horses at the hands of 
Morgan's raiders. This experience was repeated and Mr. Cas- > 
well returned to Joliet. In 1864 he became lessee of the old 
National hotel; in 1873 he furnished the Robertson (later the 
Collins, now Shurts) hotel, at a cost of 120,000; lost a large 
amount of money in this enterprise; next took a half interest in 
the Gault House, Chicago, where, also, he lost a considerable 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 305 

amount of ready cash, and again, June 17, 1875, opened the 
St. Nicholas, at Joliet. The record of this house since that 
time is a partial reward for the owners' former losses. His 
marriage with Miss Esther J. Eurn, of Plainfield, took place in 
1854. 

William P. Caton, born in Orange county. New York, March 
28, 1815, moved to Ann Arbor, Michigan, in 1833; came to 
Chicago, in 1836, purchased two thousand acres of public lands 
sixteen miles northwest of Chicago some time after, and there 
resided until 1848, when he engaged in commercial business at 
Chicago. From 1856 to 1871, he resided on his farm in Plain- 
field township, and since that time has made Joliet his home. 
His marriage with Miss Elizabeth Steele, took place November 
28, 1844. . 

George N. Chamherlain, son of S. S. Chamberlain referred 
to in the history of Lockport, was born at Lockport, December 
20, 1851. From 1871 to 1873, he served in the telegraph depart- 
ment of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Eailroad, at 
Chicago; from 1873 to 1876, in the office of Norton & Co., at 
Lockport, and in 1876 entered his father's furniture store at 
Joliet. He is now a member of the firm of S. S. Chamberlain 
& Son, undertakers and furniture dealers. His marriage with 
Miss Ella E. daughter of Chas. E. Munger, of Chicago — an old 
resident of Joliet — took place December 5, 1876. 

S. S. Chamherlain, was born in Western New York, and 
located with his parents in 1833, in Lockport. Mr. Chamber- 
lain conducted a furniture store and undertaking establishment 
in Lockport, for nearly forty years. He built some of the first 
dwellings in Lockport and also built the first Catholic church at 
that place, of which the venerable Father Kyan was pastor. Mr. 
Chamberlain is now engaged in the undertaking business on 
North Chicago street, Joliet. 

diaries Clement, born at Windsor, Yt., January 13, 1810, 
settled at Peoria, Ills., in 1833, and at Joliet one year later. 
As shown in the general history this pioneer of the city took an 
active part in building up local industries and introducing new 
means of advancing the interests of Joliet. In 1830 he was one 
of the originators of the Joliet Courier, first supervisor of the 
town in 1850, and subsequently Alderman, Inspector of Schools, 
etc., etc., of Joliet city. 

John Clarkson, born October 25, 1800, came to America in 
1837, and to Will county in May, 1840. He built Jones' steam 
flouring mill, the first in Joliet; again he and Thomas Keegan 
erected the first flouring mill at Marseilles, and subsequently 
built the first elevator ever erected at Chicago. He was married 
to Miss Alice Hodson, a native of Lancashire, England, April 
12, 1837. His mother made the journey from Lancashire, Eng- 



306 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

land, to Joliet in 1844, at the age of eighty years, and here she 
died in 1848. 

Charles W. Cleghorn, son of Rev. Thomas Cleghorn, a native 
of New York, was born in Canada (W.), August 16, 1823, came 
to Joliet in 1870, and entered the employ of Mack, Cleghorn & 
Co. In July, 1876, he inaugurated the soap manufacture at 
Joliet. 

William E. Clinton, book binder and manufacturer of all 
kinds of blank books. Established his present business in Au- 
gust, 1883. A thorough knowledge of the business and strict 
attention to the wants of his customers, have enabled him to 
rapidly increase his business until now. He does an annual 
business of nearly $3,000. 

Robert Clow, was born in Scotland, in 1819, and came to the 
United States, in 1837. In 1844 he located in the town of 
Wheatland, Will county, Illinois. Mr, Clow was elected Treas- 
urer of this county in 1876, on the Republican ticket, for a term 
of four years, and was re-elected in 1880. 

I -v Jolm Clyde, deceased, is a native of Ireland, where he was 
born in 1821. In 1850 he came to Will county, and settled on 
Section 34, Town of Joliet. In 1852 he married Miss E. Boyd, 
by whom he had a family of six children. On June 1, 1881, 
Mr. Clyde died and was soon followed by Mrs. Clyde, who died 
July 1st, of the same year. The farm consisting of eighty acres, 
is now managed by his son Thomas Clyde, assisted by the latter's 
brother Isaac. 

H. W. Cope, born at Newark, New Jersey, December 13, 
1843; came with parents to Joliet, in 1857 visited Cincinnatti 
in 1859; learned the harness trade there, and in 1868 purchased 
his father's interest in the horse-collar manufactury and ware- 
room. Miss Lottie V. Clark, to whom he was married July 6, 
1865, was born in New York, November 23, 1843. 

Alexander Comstock, M. D., born in Saratoga county. New 
York, September 9, 1788, settled at Joliet in 1836, where he 
practiced medicine until his death, from cholera, July 9, 1854. 
Miss Esther Saltman, to whom he was married February 10, 
1823, died August 7, 1874. 

Thomas Culbertson, born in New Castle county, Delaware, 
August 23, 1814, came to Joliet in 1836, and worked as miller 
here until the mill-dam was destroyed in 1838. In 1849 he pur- 
chased the Red 3Iill, and operated it until 1867. His marriage 
with Miss Martha M. Kircheval, daughter of the pioneer, took 
place at Joliet, November 19, 1856. 

John Curry, born in 1801, one of the builders of the National 
Hotel, came to Joliet in 1836, from Oneida county, N. Y., 
became a partner of J. J. Garland, subsequently of M. H. Dem- 
mond, died in March, 1872. 

Romaine J. Curtiss, 31. D., born in Richland county, Ohio, 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 307 

October 1, 1840, was educated at Hillsdale College, Mich., 
attended lectures at the Buffalo Medical College, entered the 
123d Ohio Infantry as hospital steward in 1862; in April, 
1863, was appointed Medical Cadet, IT. S. A,, and served in 
Floating Hospital, between Vicksburg, Memphis, and St. Louis, 
and also in the General Hospital in Cincinnati. He graduated 
from the Ohio Medical College, was at once appointed Assistant 
Surgeon in the United States Navy, and served until 1865, 
when he located at Erie county, X. Y. In March, 1868, he 
graduated from the Belleview Medical College, and continued 
his practice in Erie county until 1873, when he came to Joliet. 
Dr. Curtiss is a member of the Will and Erie Counties Medical 
Societies and of the Boston Gynecological Society. His marriage 
with Miss Sarah A. Beal, of Erie county. N. Y., was celebrated 
November 29, 1870. 

A". //. Cutter, born in Jeffrey, Cheshire county, IST. H., 
March 12, 1805, came to Joliet in 1834. He learned the join- 
er's and carpenter's trade in 1826, and the machinist's trade at 
Lowell, Mass., in 1828-9; but since his settlement in Will 
county he has devoted his attention to agriculture. Miss 
Rebecca R. Bailey, to whom he was married February 15, 
1838, was born at East Hampton, Mass., April 14, 1805. 

Eugene Daly, born at Longford, Ireland, May 13, 1826, 
came to the United States in 1844, learned the cabinet trade at 
Sag Harbor, Long Island, settled in Joliet in 1850, and estab- 
lished the pioneer furniture store and undertaker's establishment. 
His official record is given in the political chapter and history 
of Joliet township and city. In 1852 Mr. Daly was married to 
Miss Bridget Thompson, of Longford county, Ii'cland. 

William Davidson, proprietor of the West Side Stone Quarry, 
employs about one iiundred and fifty men throughout the quar- 
rying season, and does an annual business of about one hundred 
thousand dollars. Mrs. Melissa Davidson, who came to Joliet 
in 1861, died August 29, 1884. 

Martin II. Demmond, born in Massachusetts, March 4, 1803, 
moved with parents to Sangerfield, New York, where he learned 
the tanner's trade; subsequently entered commercial life there; 
married Miss Adelia Woodruff (sister of George H. AVoodruff, 
the senior old settler of Will county), about 1825. This lady 
died the year of her marriage. His second marriage with Miss 
Sophia Murray, daughter of John Murray, of Bennington. Ver- 
mont, was celebrated at Franklin, Herkimer county, New York, 
April 10, 1831. In 1833, Mr. Demmond and G. II. Makepeace, 
visited Joliet Mound, and in September, 1834, he, accompanied 
by George H. Woodruff, Miss Catherine Murray (Mrs. Foltz), 
and a hired man named Jenney, settled at .Joliet. From this 
period until his death from cholera, July 18, 1854, his mercantile 
and real estate enterprises were carried on on a large scale. 



308 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

Frank Devine, born at Fishkill Landing on the Hudson, 
July 3, 1849, came to Chicago in 1871, and to Joliet in 1873. 
As a building contractor he has erected some of the finest build- 
ings in Joliet, and to him is credited the wood-work of St. 
Mary's church. He was married to Miss Nellie, daughter of 
James O'Eielly, of Joliet, June 5, 1876. 

Dorrance Dibell, of the law firm of Hill & Dibell, was born 
at Wooster, Ohio, February 16, 1884, came with his parents to 
Homer township in 1850, was educated at the Chicago Universi- 
ty, 1863 to 1867, was admitted to the Bar in 1870, and the same 
year formed his present partnership with C. A. Hill. Hisoflicial 
connection with the city is given in the history of Joliet. As 
Chairman of the Republican County Committee he had charge 
of the Garfield Campaign of 1880. From 1876 to the present 
time he has been almost continuously connected with the Public 
Library as member of the Board of ID i rectors. 

/. C. Dillmcm, born in Summit county, 0., September 7, 
1824, came to Will county in 1849 and settled in Plainfield, 
where his father, Michael Dillman, had located early that year. 
Mr. Dillman, Sr., died in 1861. Ten years later J. C. Dillman 
moved into Joliet city, and in 1875 became proprietor of the 
Mansion House hotel. He was married to Miss Sarah A. 'Steese, 
of Summit county, 0., February 19, 1846. 

L. E. Dillman is a native of Ohio, where he was born in 1828. 
In 1847 he came to Will county and invested in property, and 
permanently located in the county in 1848. Mr. Dillman is 
now treasurer of the Lock Stitch Fence Company, manufacturers 
of barb wire, and is also treasurer of the Joliet Manufacturing 
Company, manufacturers of barb wire, corn shellers, etc. 

Simon Donnelly, born in Tyrone county, Ireland, came to the 
United States 1846, and subsequently settled on his farm — sec- 
tion 30, Joliet township. He was married to Miss Isabella 
Cowen, daughter of Edward Cowen, in 1850. 

John T. Donoliue, born at Joliet, October 16, 1855, engaged 
in mercantile business in 1868 at Braidwood and continued in 
trade there until his election as county treasurer in 1877. He is 
a member of the firm of Donohue & Bischmann. 

Timothy Donohue, born in Ireland, settled at Joliet in 1853. 

Richard Doolittle, born at Watertown, Jefferson county, 
N. Y., June 15, 1809, came to Joliet early in 1837, where he 
established a grocery store. In 1838 he was elected probate 
judge by a majority vote of 237, but declining to qualify, at a 
special election held in November the position was won by 
George H. Woodruff'. He was elected justice of the peace in 
1839 and appointed assignee under the old bankrupt law. In 
1852 he, in partnership with Mr. Stone, erected the brick block 
on Jefferson, 2 west of Ottawa on south side, and carried on 
an extensive grocery business there until 1862, when he disposed 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. ' 309 

of his interest to Mr. Stone. His official record is given in the 
political chapter and history of Joliet. His marriage with Miss 
Sarah A. Boss, a native of Canada, took place April 5, 1838. 

/. H. Dorr, born in Schleswig-Holstein, came to the United 
States in 185G and settled at Joliet the same year, where he is 
now engaged in the pajDcr-hanging and house-decorating trade. — 
See Directory. 

William Dougall, M. D., born at Paisley, Scotland, March 
1, 1842, came to the United States with his father in 1858. 
Dr. Dougall was educated at the Glasgow High School, after 
the War of 1861-G5 attended the medical department of the 
Michigan University, and graduated from the Chicago Medi- 
cal College, March 4, 1868. He enlisted in the Fifteenth In- 
diana Infantry June 1, 1861; served with that command until 
October 1, 1863. He was severely wounded at Stone river. 
In October, 1863, he was commissioned Captain of the Thir- 
teenth United States Colored Infantry, served to the close of 
the War, and resigned in April, 1865. He entered on medical 
practice at Lemont, in 1868, and moved to Joliet in 1872. 
He was married October 1, 18T2, to Miss Cassie, daughter of 
Edwin Walker, of Lemont. John Dougall, the Doctor's fa- 
ther, died at New Haven, Indiana, where he settled in 1858, in 
1874. 

Dunning S. Miller. — See Directory. 

Duerselen Bros. — See Directory. 

Nicholas D. Dyer, dry goods merchant, served in the Twen- 
ty-ninth Mississippi Infantry from 1862 to 1863, was promoted 
to captaincy in 1863 and served until 1864. See Business Di- 
rectory and History of Joliet. 

George R. Dyer, born in Rutland county, Vermont, June 13, 
1813, is the son of Daniel Dyer, a major in the Massachusetts 
Militia during the Eevolutionary War, and brother of Dr. C. V. 
Dyer, of Chicago. In 1834 he drove the entire distance from 
his home in Vermont to Chicago. From that period until 1841 
he was interested in Chicago and Milwaukee, aided in the organ- 
ization of AVisconsin in 1838; was engaged in the survey of Fox 
river the same year. In 1841 he settled on his Will county 
farm; was elected Sheriff in 1856 (Vide Political Chapter), ent- 
ered the Union Army with his two sons in 1861 (Vide Military 
Chapter), and in every particular acted a first citizen's part. 
His marriage with Miss Elizabetli H. Kimball, of Elgin, took 
place January 8, 1841. 

James Egan, born in Ireland, came to the United States in 
1859. In 1873 he engaged in the grocery trade, which he still 
carries on at 301 South Chicago street. Mr. Egan was elected 
Alderman of the Sixth Ward in April, 1884. 

Nelson D. Elwood settled at Lockport in 1837, was elected 
County Clerk in 1843, which office he held until 1849. He was ad- 



310 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

mittcd to the Bar in 1847, and in 1850 formed a partnership with 
Judge Parks, which was continued until the close of 1860. He was 
one of the Charter Directors of the Chicago, Eock Island & 
Pacific railroad. Secretary of the board until 1855-6, and one of 
their best counsellors. He, with Governor Matteson, built 
the Cut-off, or Joliet & Northern Illinois Kailroad, of which 
road he was President until its sale to the Michigan Central 
Railroad Company. In the official history of the city and in 
the Political Chapter his public record is given. His death oc- 
carred February 24, 1861. 

James G. Ehvood. — See Directory. 

George Erliard, born at Middlestray. Bavaria, May 7, 1807, 
came to Detroit, Michigan, in June, 1832, to Chicago, in Octo- 
ber, 1833, and to Joliet, April 26, 1836. He, with his brother- 
in-law, John Belz, were the earliest German settlers of \Yill 
county. Mr. Erhard married Miss Louise Periolat, of Chi- 
cago (a native of Alsace), early in 1838. On returning to Joliet 
he, with Mr. Belz, erected the Bluff Street Brewery. Gerge C. 
Erhard, born JSTovember 22, 1838, is the first German-American 
male native of Joliet. 

William Enuin, Lieutenant-Colonel Twentieth Illinois In- 
fantry, came from Ireland with his parents to Chicago, served 
with the First Illinois Infantry in the Mexican War, was pro- 
moted captain after the affair at Beuna Vista, settled at Ot- 
tawa about 1849, came to Joliet in 1858 as an employe of the 
Chicago & Alton Railroad Company, aided in organizing the 
Twentieth Infantry in 18G1, and with that command served 
throughout the War until killed at Fort Donelson, February 
15, 1862. His military record, in every department of the army 
service stood especially high. 

. Valentine Falirner, M.D., born in Bohemia, December 9, 
1803, was educated at Egra and at the Prague University, from 
which he graduated in 1833. From 1833 to 1854, he was phy- 
sician at Alarienbad. In 1854 he came to Chicago; revisited 
Bohemia in 1868; located at Mokena, in 1869, and settled at 
Joliet, in 1871. He married Miss M. A. Tanber, of Teschan, 
Bohemia, in 1842. The death of this lady occurred May 
28, 1873. 

John Falirner, M.D., son of Dr. V. Fahrner, born in Bo- 
hemia, in 1854; came to the United States with his parents, and 
was educated in the school of the Benedictines, at Chicago; re- 
ceived his medical instruction at the University of Prague, and 
under his father at Joliet. 

If. D. Fay, born in Northampton county, Pennsylvania, 
May 23, 1827, adopted the photographic profession in 1847; 
came to Joliet in 1860, since which time he has carried on busi- 
ness here. His official record, given in other pages, extends to 
the township as well as to the city. Mr. Fay was married in 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 311 

1858, to Miss Catherine Waldrou, of Harford, Pennsylvania. 
He may be classed among the pioneer photographers of Illinois, 
if he is not actually the senior. 

John B. Fitliian, son of Dr. William E. Fithian, United 
States army, was born in Genessee county, New York, October 
26, 1849. In 18G2-0 he was chief clerk in the sanitary depart- 
ment and medical department of Arkansas, of which his father 
had charge; subsequently he had charge at Vicksburg. From 
1873 to 1876, he filled various positions in the State Peniten- 
tiary; was admitted to the bar in 1876, and m September, 1877, 
entered, partnership with E. D. Avery. His promotions in the 
Illinois National Guards were rapid. In February, 1878, he 
was commanding lieutenant-colonel of Twelfth Batallion Illinois 
National Guards. His marriage with Miss Edna E. Whittaker, 
of Carlonville, Illinois, took place January 18, 1878. 

James H. Ferris, editor of the Joliet Daily News, was born 
near Oswego, Kendall county, Illinois, November 18, 1819, of 
which county his parents, William H. and Elizabeth (Brown) 
Ferris, were old settlers. Mr. Ferris was educated there. Be- 
tween the years 1869-71, he resided in Kansas, holding lands 
there by squatter and preemption titles. In 1872, he kejjt a 
trading-post m the Cherokee nation. On his return to Illinois, 
in 1874, he took the position of reporter on the Joliet Sun; 
in 1876, he, with F. H. Hall and John Brydon, published the 
Yorkville Neius in the interest of the Greenback party; shortly 
after was connected with the Joliet Phcenix, and in 1877, joined 
with others in publishing the Neivs. He was married June 30, 
1880, at Falls Village, Connecticut, to Miss Olive E. Hunt, 
formerly of Bristol, Illinois. — See also Press History. 

Henry Fish cf- Sons. — See Directory. 

Sanniel Feivtril, superintendent steel department A, rolling- 
mills, Joliet. He is a native of Wolverhampton, England; came 
to the United States, in 1871, and settled in Lockport, New 
York. Mr. Fewtril moved to Joliet, in 1872. and has held his 
present position in the rolling mills for the past six years. He 
resides with his family on his farm, which was formerly known 
as the Stillman farm, two miles northeast of Joliet. 

E. 0. FelloiL^s, a pioneer of Channahon in 1834, came from 
Columbus county New York, settled at Joliet a year or so later, 
died at Lockport, in August, 1876. Vide General History. 

John J. Flack, born in Washington county, New York, May 
10, 1799, purchased land in Illinois in 1844, and settled at Joliet 
with his family a year later. Miss Elizabeth Nelson, to whom 
he was married, December 24, 1818, was also born in Washing- 
ton county. New York, December 15, 1799, and with her hus- 
band moved to Essex county. New York, where her eight 
children were born. Mr. Flack died September 25, 1876. 

James R. Flanders, son of Jason Flanders, a pioneer of 1833, 



312 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

was born in Plainfield township, August 27, 1846; was educated 
in the public schools, and in the Northwestern College, at Plain- 
field, until 1864. In 1867 he began the study of law under 
Kandall and Fuller, at Joliet; during the winter of 1867-8, he 
taught school in Henry county, continued his legal studies dur- 
ing the ensuing summer, repeated this course in 1868-9, and 
in September, 1869, entered the Michigan University, from 
which he graduated in March, 1871; was admitted to the Mich- 
igan Bar in April, and to the Bar of Illinois in June, 1871. The 
same year he commenced practice at Joliet, was elected City 
Attorney, 1873, again in 1874, re-elected in 1876, and in No- 
vember, 1876 was elected State's Attorney. His marriage with 
Miss Sarah A. Arnold took place April 10, 1877. 

Osmund Fox, born at Stanstead, P. Q., August 21, 1828, 
came to Joliet m 1855, where he established his book and sta- 
tionery trade. In 1863 he established his cigar factory, employ- 
iug convicts, and in 1868 engaged in the clothing and gent's 
furnishing business. His marriage Avith Miss Anna J. White, 
of Brooklyn, New York, took place June 16, 1858. 

Josepli Friedricli, born in Strasburg, Alsace, April 25, 1820, 
came to Joliet in 18 iO, where he worked for a short time, thence 
to Lockport and Chicago. From 1841 to 1847, when he settled 
in Joliet township, he resided at Naperville. In 1848 he pur- 
chased his farm on Section 17. His marriage with Miss Sarah 
Weiss, a native of Germany, took place February 17, 1845. 

Joseph E. Friedricli, son of Jos. Friedrich of this county, 
was born in Joliet in 1848. Established his present business of 
fruits, tobaccos and confectionery in 1876. Does an annual 
business amounting to nearly 815,000. Was married in 1880 to 
Miss Sarah Smith, daughter of Andrew Smith, of this county. 

Buel A. Fuller, born in Coles county, Illinois, August 8, 
1833, learned printing at Perryville, Indiana, 1841-7; in 1848 
published the Temperance Journal (the pioneer temperance 
journal, of Illinois), at Danville, served in newspaper offices in 
Kentucky and Indiana, came to Joliet in 1852, and with Alex. 
Mcintosh owned and published the True Democrat. In 1856 
he published the Kanhakee Democrat, was admitted to the Bar 
in 1857, and twenty years after entered as partner in the law 
firm of Barber, Eandall and Fuller. In 1858 he was first 
elected City Attorney, which was the first elective office in 
which he served. 

J. J. Garland settled at Joliet in 1836, built the National 
hotel in 1838-39 in company with John Curry. His death took 
place some years later. 

W. C. Goodhue, born in 1831, son of Ezra Goodhue of Plain- 
field, settled at Joliet in 1857, praticed law here until 1870, and 
died October 19 of that year. 

C. B. Garnsey, born in Livingstone county, New York, 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 313 

October 25, 1842; was educated at the Genesee Seminary until 
1859 when he came to Wilmington. In 1861 he entered the 
Chicago University and graduated from the law department 
July 1, 1862. Thii'ty days later he enlisted in the 100th Illinois 
Infantry, was appointed Commissary Sergeant of the command 
and served continuously until his muster out in July, 1865. 
Returning to Will county he entered the practice of law at 
Joliet; was Master in Chancery from 1867 to 1871; city attorney 
from January 1, 1878 to 1879 and is now judge of the county 
court (vide Political Chapter). He was married in 1867 to Miss 
Mary A., daughter of John D. Henderson, of Wilmington. 

James Goodspeed, born in Tioga county, Pennsylvania, 
December 3, 1836; was educated at Alfred University, New 
York; came to Joliet in 1859, where he commenced his law 
studies in the office of Goodspeed & McRoberts. He was admit- 
ted to the Bar in 1861; in 1869 he purchased the Bepiihlican 
office and published that paper semi-weekly up to the period of 
its consolidation with the Sun. In 1871 he received the 
appointment of Postmaster at Joliet and held that office 
through two administrations. 

Henry L. GocMey, son of Abraham Gockley, born in Lancas- 
ter county, Pennsylvania in 1850 and removed to Will county 
in 1857. Is engaged in making a patent fencing machinery in 
the shops of Sandiford & Co.; has considerable real estate 
located principally in Joliet. 

Albert Gockley, son of Abraham Gockley, born in Will 
county in 1859; married Miss Mary A. Edmunds, daughter of 
John Edmunds, in 1884. 

D. L. Gregg, whose public life is referred to in the general 
history was a pioneer of the county. He came from Ireland at 
an early day, and coming West located here. His death took 
place in Nevada in 1869. 

William Grinton, Jr., son of William Grinton an old resident 
of Troy township, was born in Ontario, Canada West, March 17, 
1844, came to this county with parents in 1845 and settled at 
Joliet in 1853. In 1868 he established his real estate and loan 
office. He was first cashier of the Stone city bank. Mr. Grin- 
ton married Miss Anna, daughter of the pioneer Robert Stevens, 
March 24, 1864. 

Jolm Greemoood, born in Herefordshire, England, September, 
29, 1813; came to the United States in 1831, to Will county in 
1840, and has made his home here for over forty-four years. 
Miss Ann Brown of New York to whom he was married June 
1, 1836, died August 27, 1874, leaving thirteen children. In 
1875 Mr. Greenwood married Miss Sarah A. Houston of 
Huron county, Ohio. His farm of 240 acres, section 25, is one of 
the most valuable in the township. 

David G. Grover, son of E. Grover, who came from Milford, 



314: JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

Pennsylvania, in 1836 and settled on the bluff at Joliet; studied 
law in S. W. Bowen's office, completed studies at Cincinnati; 
formed a partnership with S. W. Jiowen, and in 1861 aided 
in organizing a company for the 64th Illinois Infantry of which 
he was commanding Captain in December, 1861. He was 
wounded at Corinth, October 4, and died in hospital October 
10, 1862. His body was exhumed and brought to Joliet for 
interment by S. W. Bowen. His marriage with Miss Elizabeth 
S. McGinnis took place in 1859. 

Edward C. Hagar, son of Jonathan Hagar, whose history is 
given in that of Plainfield township, was born at Plainfield, 
April 19, 1846; received his education at the Northwestern 
Evangelical College, graduated in 1867, entered the University 
of Michigan in 1870, graduated from the Law Department early 
in 1872, admitted to the Michigan Bar in April, and to the 
Illinois Bar in June of that year. In December, 1872, entered 
into partnership with J. R. Flanders, and served as State's 
Attorney for the term credited to him in the Political History. 
Miss H. C. Gager, to whom he was married March 24, 1875, is 
a native of Warren county, Ohio. 

P. C. Haley, born at Essex, Clinton county, New York, 
March 17, 1849, came to Will county, with his parents in May, 
1851. After completing his studies in the schools of Joliet, he 
entered the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, subsequently 
studied law in the Michigan University, from which he grad- 
uated in 1871, and in October of that year was admitted to the 
Bar of Illinois. In 1872 he was a partner of J. R. Flanders m 
the offices of Joliet and Wilmington, in 1874 he formed a 
partnership with J. L. O'Donnell, which has been continued 
down to the present time. In the municipal history of the 
city and the political history of the county, Mr. Haley's public 
record is given. His renomination for Congress, September 4, 
1884, was unanimously made. His marriage with^Miss. M. A. 
D'Arcy of Joliet, was solemnized December, 1, 1875. 

M.F. Hand, D. S., born in Oneida county, New York, May 
5, 1834; m 1852 commenced the study of dentistry, settled at 
Joliet in 1856, where he established a dental surgeon's office; m 
1862 enlisted in the One Hundredth Illinois Infantry, and 
served until July, 1865, when he returned to resume his prac- 
tice here. (Vide Military Chapter and Medical Directory). 
His marriage with Miss Harriet Speer, of Joliet, took place 
January 14, 1874. .. . i oo 

Otis Hardy.— Born near Windsor, Vermont, September 23, 
1810 ; settled with his parents in Ohio in 1813, and came to 
Joliet in 1836. From 1827 to 1848 he followed the carpenter s 
trade, at which he was engaged in Louisiana from 1832 to 1836. 
In 1848 he established his extensive lumber trade, which he sold 
to the Stevens Brothers in 1868 ; in 1864 was one of the charter 



JOLIET TOAVKSniP AND CITY HISTOEY. 315 

members of the First Xational Bank, and even prior to tliat 
time was interested in local enterprises outside his lumber busi- 
ness. His support of the temperance movement, financially 
and morally, has been of the most practical kind. In the mat- 
ter of religion, together with subscribing liaberally toward all 
religious enterprises, he built the Richards Street Church and 
house at a cost of over ^5,000, and contributed ^2,000 to the 
building fund of the Rolling Mills Chapel. In 1837 he became 
a member of the quarterly Conference of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church, and the year later was elected President of the Will 
County Bible Society, a position he has held for almost half a 
century. Mr. Hardy was married at Joliet to Miss A. Hopkins, 
of A'ermont, October 14, 1838. 

Uh'is Haricood, M. D. — Born at Wilmington, Indiana, May 
17, 1824 ; died February 1, 1870. Was admitted a member of 
the Indiana Bar December 14, 1843 ; subsequently studied medi- 
cine ; practiced at Crete and North Lenox from 1847 to 1850, 
and from 1850 to 1868 at Joliet. In 1868 he engaged in the real 
estate business. On his return in 1862 from a year's visit to Cal- 
ifornia, he was commissioned Assistant Surg* on in the 100th Ill- 
inois Infantry, promoted Surgeon of the Pioneer Brigade, and 
discharged for disability in 1863. Miss Helen A., daughter of 
Abijah Cagwin, to whom he was married January 4, 1850, was 
born October 30, 1830. 

Frank Haviland. — Born at Ithaca, Xew York, March 15, 
1842 ; enlisted in the 109th New York Infantry about twenty 
years later ; served as sergeant until June 17, 1864, when he 
received three wounds at Petersburg ; and after recovery served 
at Annapolis until August, 1865, when he was mustered out 
with rank of 1st lieutenant. The same year he visited Joliet, and 
in 1866 established his livery, feed and sale stables here. The 
stables were burned in 1882, and reijuilt. His marriage with 
Miss Marian Millar, of Troy township, took place December 3, 
1874. 

C. B. Haijwdrd. — Born at Fairfield, Indiana, July 1, 1844; 
entered the office of the Locomotive, at Indianapolis in 1854, 
and was connected with his brother in i^ublishing the Sonf Incest , 
at Carthage, Missouri, until the Rebels despoiled the office in 
1861. He purchased the Fort Scott BiiUetin, and 1863 founded 
the Fort Scott Union Monitor. Coming to Joliet, he took a 
position in the Bepublican office, and, in 1872, established the 
BiLU. He was married in April, 1872, to Miss Mary E., daugh- 
ter of Ceo. Monroe, of .Joliet. 

A. ir. Heise, 21. D. — Born in Hanover, Germany, Septem- 
ber 4, 1823; graduated from the medical school of Go?ttingen in 
1846, and received the degree of M. D. from Heidelberg Uni- 
versity in 1847. A year later he participated in the revolution- 
ary movement, and had to flee to escape political persecution. 



316 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

In 1849 he settled in Du Page county, Illinois; in 3856-7 was 
surgeon in the Ward's Island Marine Hospital, New York ; set- 
tled at Joliet in 1857 ; entered the 11th Illinois Infantry as sur- 
geon in 1861; in 1862 was commissioned surgeon in the 100th 
Illinois Infantry, Brigade Surgeon, Operator of the brigade in 
the fall of 1863, Inspector of Hospitals ; and lastly, Consulting 
Surgeon, In 1872 he was appointed Physician in Charge of the 
State Penitentiary. 

W. J. Heath, justice of the peace, has filled this office from 
pioneer days down to the present time. A reference to the elec- 
tion returns of 1861, Political Chapter, points out his choice by 
the people as justice of the peace. 

Hugh Henderson, born at TsTorway, N. Y., June 9, 1809, 
settled at Joliet in 1836, was admitted "to the Bar the same year, 
elected judge of the county court in 1837, and on December 23 
that year was married at Joliet to Miss Helen A. Myers, of 
Herkimer, N. Y. His judicial and political records are given 
in the Political and Law History. His sons' newspaper associa- 
tions are referred to in the History of the Press. Judge Hender- 
son died October 19, 1854 while revisiting his old home in 
Herkimer county, N. Y. 

/. A. Henrij, born in Huntington county, N. J., April 25, 
1825; settled at Joliet in 1858 as road master of the C. & A. 
railroad, for which company he constructed two branches of their 
railroad system. From 1870 to 1873 he was engaged in building 
the H. & G-. N. railroad in Texas. Miss Nancy Briggs, _ of 
Winsted, Conn., to whom he was married April 26, 1846, died 
January 21, 1878. 

William E. Henry, born in Huntington county, N. J., Novem- 
ber 24, 1820, located in Joliet in 1864, real estate, Jefferson street, 
Joliet. 

Henry F. Hicks, M. D., is a native of Lockport, Will county, 
where he was born July 10, 1859. He studied dentistry with 
Dr. George B. Salter, of Joliet, three years. Has been practicing 
two years at Joliet. 

H. D. Higinhotham, born in Worcester, N. Y., January 10, 
1806, came to Hickory Creek in June, 1834, where he purchased 
160 acres of land, and also established a blacksmith shop. In 
1854 he operated a saw and planing mill at Eed Mills on the 
Hickory. The same year he moved with his family to Joliet 
city and resided there until his death, March 13, 1865. Miss 
Kebecca Wlieeler, to whom he was married in 1831, was born in 
Columbia county, N. Y. In 1871 this lady was married to C. 
H. Sutphen, of La Salle county. 

Charles A. Hill, enlisted August, 1862, company F, 8th 
Illinois Cavalry. In 1863 made 1st Lieutenant United States 
Colored Infantry; afterwards promoted Captain. 

Charles Hinchel, Justice of the Peace and Police Magistrate, 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 317 

Joliet; served in 25tli New York Regiment (National Guard) in 
1861 on first call of three months, and afterwards assisted in 
mustering in Eussian and German soldiers at Albany, New 
York. 

Hoffer & Weishar, manufacturers and repairers of carriages 
and wagons; succeeded the firm of Rubb & Iloffer, established 
in 1872. The present firm was established in 1881. They do a 
large annual business throughout Will and adjoining counties. 

Joli7i A. Hoffman, confectioner, etc.. North Bluff street, 
Joliet, was born in Wisconsin, on May 10th 1851 and came to 
Joliet, June 26, 1852. He is the son of Frank Hoffman who 
established the present business carried on by the son in 1871. 
The latter was engaged in the insurance business for several 
years and now is a general dealer in confectionery, stationery 
and tobacco. On May 12, 1881, Mr. Hoffman was married to 
Miss Annie Bialles, daughter of Charles Bialles of Will county, 
and is the father of two children, one boy and one girl. He is 
the owner of the premises where he now carries on his business. 

George H. Hosmer, 31. D., born at Avon, New York; was 
educated at Oswego Academy and New York University, grad- 
uating from the medical department of the latter. in 18b5. He 
entered on the practice of medicine in Ontario county. New 
York, about this time; continued in McComb county, Michigan, 
until in 1870 he came to Joliet. Dr. Hosmer was married to 
Miss Ann Belford, of Boston, in 1866. His grandfather, Tim- 
othy Hosmer, served in the Sixth Connecticut Regiment, during 
the Revolutionary war, while his father, AY. H. C. Hosmer, 
served on Schuyler's staff during the war of 1812. 

George ITouck, born in Hesse-Darmstadt, December 13, 1827, 
settled in Erie county. New York, with parents, in 1839; located 
at Buffalo, in 1846, at Chicago, in 1850, and at Joliet, in 1853. 
Here he entered the employ of Mack & Cleghorn, and ten years 
later became their partner in the tannery business, and an ad- 
vocate for building the Joliet tannery. In 1876 he formed a 
partnership with John Brown, and gives employment to twenty 
men in their works on North Joliet street. He was married m 
1853, at Chicago, to Miss Anna Holman, a native of Hesse-Cassell. 

George S. House, son of Rodney House, who settled at Joliet, 
in 1835, was born in Grundy county, March 1, 1837. He was 
educated at Utica and Clinton, New York, graduated from 
Hamilton College, in 1860; studied law under Theo. W. Dwight; 
received the degree of B. L., in 1862, and the same year com- 
menced this practice at Joliet. He was married to Miss V. A. 
Osgood, in 1863. 

Henderso7i Hoick, born at Watertown, Jefferson county, New 
York, February 23, 1806; settled at Joliet in 1851, where, with 
Joel A. Matteson, he graded thirty-four miles of the Chicago, 
Rock Island & Pacific railroad, west from Washington Heights. 



318 JOLIET TOWNSHIP xiND CITY HISTORY. 

In 1856, he, with Mr. Preston, built the Joliet Mills at a cost of 
135,000, and in company with George W. Hyde, his nephew, 
operated them for seven years. Mr. Howk, though not a pioneer, 
has been a very useful old resident of the city. His death took 
place March 30, 1884. 

W. H. Hunter. — See Directory. 

Humphrey £- Sons. — See Directory. 

WilUam H. Hutchins, born in New York city, September 1, 
1817; settled in Will county, in 18-17, where he engaged in deal- 
ing in real estate. He was married in 1837, to Mrs. Hannah 
Hutchins, born in Saratoga county, New York, August 28, 1817. 
One of his sons, George Edgar, died from wounds received 
during the war. Mr. Hutchins, Sr., died July 21, 1877. 

George W. Hyde, principal of the milling firm of G. W. Hyde 
& Son, was connected with his uncle, H. Howk. in the found- 
ing and operation of the Joliet Mills in 185G. Ten years later 
Mr. Hyde built the grain elevator (capable of holding 25,000 
bushels), at a cost of about S;12,000. This important industry 
is now carried on by George W. and Louis H. Hyde. 

Louis E. Imjalls, born in Du Page township, October 26, 
1839, is the son of Henry Tngalls, who came from Vermont, and 
settled there in 1837, and died in Du Page county, March 10, 
1876. L. E. Ingalls established his lumber business at Joliet in 
1870, sold his interests therein to Mason & Plant in 1871, and 
commenced farming, stock-raising, and dealing in real estate 
and loans. He was married to "Miss M. Emerson, of Door 
county, Wisconsin, in 1865, who died March 7, 1868. Miss E. 
E. Bartholmew to whom he was married January 1-4, 1870, is a 
native of McHenry county. 

Chester Ingersoll, borii in Vermont, settled in this county in 
an early day, as recorded in the pioneer history; he laid out 
Plainficld village in 1834:, after taking a part in insuring his own 
and neighbors lives against the attacks of Indians. He was 
married to Miss Phoebe Weaver, daughter of Benjamin Weaver 
(one of the pioneers of Homer m 1833), December 12, 1833, and 
with her moved to Chicago, where he opened the first American 
hotel kept there, and conducted it for two years, when they re- 
turned to Plainfield. In 1836 thoy moved to Lockport, again 
settled in Wheatland; went to California in 18'47, and there at 
San Francisco Mr. Ingcrsoll's earthly travels ended in September, 
1850. Mrs. Ingersoll with her four boys — Chester, Benjamin, 
Josiah and James, the same year. Benjamin and Josiah served 
in the War of 1861-5, as recorded in the Military Chapter; the 
last named died here in 1871 from the effects of disease contracted 
and fostered in tlie southern battle fields. 

0. JoJmson, who settled at Joliet in 1854; entered the Fifty- 
seventh Illinois Infantry m 1861 (Vide Military Chapter). 

Thomas J. Kelly, Mayor of Joliet, born in Ireland, visited 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 319 

Eev. John Kelly, of Jersey City, in 1848, and coming West, 
settled at Joliet in May, 1849. In 1854 he entered Notre Dame 
University, Indiana; in 1856 resided in New York city; in 1857 
entered St. Mary's College, Wilmington, Delaware, and in 1859 
studied in the college of Holy Cross, near Montreal, Canada. 
From 1860 to 1867 he was engaged on his father's farm in Will 
county. In 1867 he established his drygoods house at Joliet, 
which, though not the pioneer drygoods house of the city, is the 
oldest in point of continuity. Mr. Kelly was married to Miss 
Mary, daughter of the pioneer Patrick Fitzpatrick, September 

10, 1868. A reference to the record of town and city oflBcers 
will show the positions with which he has been honored, and 
which, it is conceded, he honored. 

Robert T. Kelly, son of the old settler Timothy Kelly, is a 
native of Joliet, where he was born in 1856. Mr. Kelly was 
elected town clerk in 1878, and has been re-elected each follow- 
ing year. He was also elected city clerk in 1879, re-elected in 
1881 and 1883. At the present time he holds both offices. 

Thomas Keegan, born in Westmeath county, Ireland, April 

11, 1803; located at Quebec, Canada East, in 1833, and, with 
his family, settled at Joliet May 20, 1840. In the history of 
John Clarkson, reference is made to the important building 
transactions in which Mr. Keegan was engaged. At Quebec and 
Toronto, Canada; Rochester, New York; Romeo, Michigan; 
Chicago — all prior to 1840; Joliet and Marseilles, Illinois; New 
Orleans, Louisiana; Janesville and Watertown, Wisconsin, evi- 
dences of his work are to be seen in the shape of mills, elevators, 
etc. Miss Ann O'Brien to whom he was married. May 11, 
1835, was born in Ireland in 1807. 

John Keyes, born in St. Lawrence county. New York, 
November 27, 1841; came to Joliet in October, 1869; was clerk 
in the employ of J. H. Brown & Co. until 1874, when in part- 
nership with F. W. Schroeder he opened a drug store. In 1877 
he established his present drug store. Mr. Keyes was married 
October 21, 1872, to Miss Beulah T., daughter of Gary Thorn- 
ton, whose history is given in this work. 

James Keir, born in Scotland in 1830; came to New York in 
1851 and to Will county in 1854. During the six years suc- 
ceeding he worked at the mason's trade at Chicago and also 
attended to his farm. In 1861 he returned to Scotland, married 
Miss Ellen Keir there, and returning, resumed the management 
of his farm. He owns 691 acres, viz: 80 acres in section 35 and 
120 acres in section 34, this township; 40 acres in section 3, 
Jackson; 160 acres in section 1; 80 acres in section 2, and 211 
acres in section 14, Manhattan township. ]\Irs. Keir died in 
1878, aged 38 years, leaving three sons and three daughters. 
The former are encra£:ed with their father in the management of 



320 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AKD CITY HISTORY. 

his farms. Mr. Keir lias held the office of school director for 
the past fifteen years. 

John P. King, born at Terre Haute, Indiana, December 18, 
1832; settled with his parents near Joliet in 1834. In 1851 he 
visited California, returned to Joliet in 1864; two years later 
engaged in the lumber trade; in 1864 formed a partnership 
with W. W. Bishop, and again assumed full control. He gives 
employment to ten men and does a business valued at about 
$60,000 per annum. His marriage with Miss H. Leonard of 
Joliet took place September 12, 1867. (Vide City History for 
public record.) 

A. N. Klinefelter and A. Dillman. — See Dillman, also Gen- 
eral History, etc. 

Henri/ C. Knowlton, son of Calvin Knowlton, was born 
April 29, 1842; accompanied his father to Joliet in 1856, and 
on the organization of the Will County National Bank, took 
the position of assistant cashier. Miss Sophie Lippencott, to 
whom he was married November 20, 1870, is a native of Wilkes- 
barre, Pennsylvania. 

E. R. Knowlton. — See Business Directory and History of 
Joliet. Mr. Knowlton is a son of Calvin Knowlton, was 
extensively engaged in the grain trade and now controls a large 
coal trade. 

Calvin Knoiulton, born in "Worcester county, Mass., January 
2, 1817, commenced railroad work on the W. & N. railroad in 
1848, was superintendent of the L., N. A. & C. railroad at 
New Albany, Ind., 1853-5. Appointed superintendent of the 
Joliet division of M. C. railroad, he came to reside at Joliet 
in 1856. In 1871 he with others organized the Will County 
National Bank, of which he is president. Miss Mary C. 
Warren, to whom he was married in 1838, is a native of 
Worcester, Mass. 

Rev. Solomon Kmqjp, born at Mayfield, N. Y., March 29, 
1803, ordained minister of the Baptist Church in 1834, cam.e to 
Will county in 1840 and settled in Homer township. From 1840 
to 1854 his history is told in that of the various Baptist associa- 
tions of Will county. In 1854 he moved to Iowa, where he 
passed two years, returned to Homer in 1856, settled at Lock- 
port in 1861. From 1863 to the period of his retirement from 
active ministerial work he served as pastor of various churches 
in Illinois. Miss Eliza Lanfear, of Mayfield, N. Y., whom he 
married in 1823, died in Homer township February, 1853. In 
June, 1853, he married Miss M. H. Cook, of Hadley, Mass., 
who settled in this county in 1840. 

John Lamhert, born at Lambertville, N. J., January 12, 
1847, enlisted in the 1st New Jersey Cavalry and participated in 
the Cedar Creek affair under General Sheridan. When the regi- 
ment took part in the National Keview at Washington in 1865, 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 321 

his company, which mustered 101 men, appeared with only four 
men capable of service. In 1867 Mr. Lambert settled in Grundy 
county; came to Joliet in 1870; was an officer in the peniten- 
tiary for six years; deputy sheriff and captain of the Republican 
Guards in 187G, and subsequently president of the Lambert & 
Bishop Wire Fence Company. Mr. Lambert was married to 
Miss M. E. Bishop, of Joliet, "in April, 1876. 

John C. Lang, son of Thomas J. Lang, of Groton, N. H., 
who settled in Will county, in 1836, was born in Frankfort 
township March 21, 1811; served in company D, 100th Illinois 
Infantry from 1862 to 1865; was in California from 18G7 to 1870; 
subsequently employed in State Prison in 1871; was on the Record 
staff, and in 1875 took the editorship of the Repiillican. He 
established his coal trade subsequently, with office at 506 Jeffer- 
son street. Mr. Lang married Miss Emma Webster, November 
19, 1874. 

M. F. Laughran, wine and spirit merchant, Jefferson street, 
opposite court-house, Mr. Laughran deals in the best foreign 
and domestic brands in his line, and is also proprietor of a like 
establishment at 1,013 North Collins street, Joliet. 

Alonzo Leacli, born at Sangerfield, New York, September 
28, 1816, located in Michigan in 1836, and in 1838 settled at 
Joliet. In 1839 or ]810 lie established his chandlery and soap 
factory at Joliet; in 1812 was elected village constable, and sub- 
sequently filled all the public positions credited to him in the 
Political Chapter, as well as postmaster from 1867 to 1869. From 
the beginning of the War to the close of the battle of Pittsburg 
Landing, April 7, 1862, Mr, Leach served as sutler in the 
Fourth Illinois Cavalry. Miss Mary Gutterson, to whom he 
was married May 10, 1856, died, November 2, 1866. His mar- 
riage with Mrs. Mary J. White took place May 8, 1870. 

John Ley, born in Prussia, October 17, 1823, settled near 
Joliet, on section 19, in 1812, with his parents, and in 1856 
came to reside on his present farm, section 18, where he owns 
220 acres. Mr. Ley was married in 1817 to Miss Elizabeth 
Magert, a native of Virginia. 

John Lennoiiy proprietor of a marble and statuary establish- 
ment on S. Joliet street, Joliet. He established his business in 
1858. Mr. Lennon is also president of the Chicago and New 
England Granite Company, of Avhich G. A. Haley is secretary. 
This company makes a specialty of fine art monuments, and has 
its office in Room 62, Lake Side Building, opposite Custom 
House, Chicago, Illinois. 

William A. Little, whose public record is given in the Polit- 
ical History, came to Joliet in 1810, died here September 30, 
1851, aged thirty-four. AVhen young he moved from New York 
to Pennsylvania with jJarents, was admitted to the Bar in 1838, 



322 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

and coming to Joliet in 1840, continued his professional labors 
here. 

Samuel Lyon, served as Lieutenant in the One Hundred and 
Seventh Pennsylvania Regiment, from 1861 to 1865; was pro- 
moted captain in 1865, with which rank he was mustered out. 
Captain Lyon is now secretary and manager of the Northwestern 
Telephone Company, Joliet. 

John Lynam owns one hundred and twenty-three acres in 
section 1, Joliet township; seventy acres under cultivation. "Was 
born in Ireland in 1832, and came to Will county in 1849. Was 
married in Will county in 1857 to Miss Mary Shannon, daughter 
of Thomas Shannon, of this county. Has a family of five sons 
and one daughter, all living. 

John Lyons, lumber merchant, Des Plaines and Clinton 
streets, is a native of Ireland, and settled in Joliet in 1855. Was 
contractor, builder and carpenter from that year until 1875; 
when he established his present business. Mr. Lyons deals in 
lumber, laths, shingles, cedar posts, doors, sashes and blinds. 

Uzziah Made, born in North Hampton county, Pennsylvania, 
January 14, 1835; came to Joliet in 1858, entered the 100th 
Illinois Infantry in 1862, and served until the close of the war 
(vide Military Chapter). From 1865 to 1867 he was engaged in 
business at St. Joe, Missouri. On returning to Joliet in 1867 
he formed a partnership with Firman Mack, which continued 
until his uncle Firman's death, August 10, 1872. Since 1872 
Mr. U. Mack has been sole owner of the boot and shoe trade of 
the old firm. Miss J. Flemming, of Nova Scotia, to whom he 
was married in 1867, died October 15, 1876. 

Firman Mach, born in 1817, an early resident of Chicago, 
settled in Joliet in 1837. He was one of the most progressive 
citizens. His death took place August 10, 1872. 

Rohert H. Mapps owns 13 o acres in sections 23 and 24, Joliet 
township, 110 acres under cultivation. Was born in Cumber- 
land county, Pennsylvania, in 1819, and came to Will county in 
1846. Was married in 1847 to Miss Susanah Shafner, daughter 
of John Shafner of this county. Was school trustee from 1869 
to 1878. Has a family of three sons and two daughters, all 
living. 

John ^^\ Mapps, son of E. H. Mapps, controls 100 acres in 
section 24, Joliet township, all under cultivation. Was mar- 
ried in March, 1882, to Miss Margaret I. Grant, daughter of 
James Grant, of Will county, IDiuois. Has a family of one 
son, living. 

Horatio N. Marsh, born in Franklin county, Massachusetts, 
November 15, 1812, came with his parents to Will county, in 
1835, and settled in Crete township. The same year Mr. Marsh, 
Jr., settled at Joliet, where he was engaged in cabinet making 
until 1847, when he purchased the True Democrat. He pub- 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 323 

lislied this paper until 1852, when he was appointed agent of 
the 0. E. I. & P. Eailroad Company at Joliet, which position 
he held up to 1864, when he was appointed postmaster. In 
1867 Alonzo Leach was appointed postmaster, and Mr. Marsh 
resumed his old position with the railroad company. He was 
United States Marshall in taking the second census of the 
county in 1850, and held the local positions named in the offi- 
cial history of Joliet. 

Frank E. Marsh, son of H. N. Marsh, born here June 27, 
1849, was ticket agent and telegraph operator here from 1868 to 
1874, when he and H. S. Carpenter established their grain 
trade. Subsequently he organized the firm of Marsh & Speer. 
He was married to Miss Kate Richmond, February 4, 1873. 

William Henry Marsh, son of H. N. Marsh, born at Joliet 
August 15, 1840; enlisted in 13th Hlinois Infantry under Col. 
Wyman; shared in all the terrible trials of this command, was 
wounded at Chickasaw Bayou, made prisoner, confined at 
Jackson, Mississippi, and was found there by Albert Sanger 
and others. He was sent to the hospital at Quincy, returned to 
Joliet, but his wounds broke out here, causing his death July 6, 
1865. 

A. 0. Marshall. — See Political Chapter, History of Bar and 
Directory. 

Edwin B. Mason, son of Hale S. ]\Iason, a pioneer of Homer 
township, was born in Ontario county. New York, November 
20th, 1826; settled at Gooding's Grove in 1834, and located at 
Joliet twenty years later. From 1855 to 1869 he was a citizen 
of La Salle and postmaster there during two administrations. 
In 1870 he returned to Joliet, and five years after engaged in 
the real estate and loan business. He is secretary of the People's 
Loan and Homestead Association in which he is largely 
interested. Miss E. C. OIney, daughter of Hiram Olney, to 
whom he was married in 1850, died in 1858. In 1864 he was 
married to Miss L. L. Miner of Aurora, Illinois. 

Truman A. Mason, born at New Hartford, New York, 
March 14, 1846; settled at Joliet in 1870, when, in company 
with the Plant brothers, he erected the Stone City Planing 
Mills. He is now engaged extensively in the lumber trade. 
His marriage with Miss E. E. Caton, of Joliet, took place 
September 25, 1872. His official connection with the city is 
referred to in the City Directory. 

Martin cf- Baker. — See Directory. 

Daniel C. Mason owns 90 acres in sections 4 and 5 and one- 
half interest in 145 acres in section 8, Joliet township. Was 
born in Oneida county. New York, in 1811 and removed to 
Will county in 1868. Was married in 1844 in New Hartford, 
Oneida county. New York, to Miss Cornelia H. Kellogg, 



324 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOKT. 

daughter of Trueman Kellogg of that place. Has a family of 
one son and one daughter, both living in Will county. 

Joel A. Mattesofi. — See History of Governors. 

John IfcKernan, County Superintendent of Schools, was 
born in Canada West in 1848. In 1864 he became a resident of 
Will county; was principal of the graded school of Braidwood 
for twelve years. In 1882 he was elected superintendent by a 
large majority, as shown in the Political History. The choice- 
was exceptionally good; not only has he elevated the standard of 
the schools, but also endowed, as it were, the teachers of the 
county with his own enthusiasm in the cause of education. 

Robert W. McGlaugliry, born in Hancock county, Illinois, 
July 32, 1839, where his parents were among the earliest settlers, 
entered Monmouth College in 1856, graduated in 1860; ap- 
pointed professor of Latin the same year; edited the Carthage 
Rejnihlican in 1861, enlisted in li8th Illinois Infantry in 
August, 1862, was elected captain of company B at muster in, 
major in November, 1862, and paymaster with quarters at 
Springfield, Illinois in June, 1864. He was elected clerk of his 
native county in 1865, and to accept this position, left the army 
October 13, 1865. In 1869 he engaged in stone mining or 
quarrying; furnished the stone for railroad bridge at Keokuk, 
and for the Illinois State Capitol; had charge of the St. Gen- 
evieve quarries near St. Louis; in 1872 he entered Judge Glenn's 
office at Monmouth, and in August 1874 was appointed Warden 
of the State Penitentiary. His administration of this immense 
penal and reformatory institution has been one where executive 
ability and fidelity have manifested tlieir value. Major Mc- 
Claughry was married to Miss E. C. Madden, of Monmouth,. 
Illinois, in 1862. 

Alexander McKeoivn, born in Antrim county, Ireland, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1851, was educated there, and for a short time attended 
Trinity college, Dublin. He came to the United States in 1872;. 
learned core-making in the Joliet foundry. In June, 1872 he 
was appointed rail inspector on night turn at the rolling mills, 
until they closed down in 1873. On the re-opening of this con- 
cern, he returned and occupied his former position until 1877. 
After the second " close down " he returned from Mississippi, 
and on May 1, was installed rail inspector on day turn. 

Lycurgus C. McCann, son of the late Samuel McCann of 
this county, owns 246 acres in sections 1, 12 and 13, Joliet 
township. Was born in Fayette county in 1854, and came to 
Joliet township in 1864. Was married in 1877 to Miss Angelinc 
Watkins, daughter of William Watkins of this county. Has a 
family of four daughters and one son living. 

J. T. McDougaU, a native of Schenectady, N. Y., established 
his business at Joliet in 1845, was postmaster for the time 
credited to him in the list of postmasters, was first cashier in 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 325 

the Merchants' and Drovers' Bank in 1852; went to the scenes 
of the battle at Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee, in 1863, to look 
aftey the wounded soldiers from this county, was stricken with 
illness, and while en route home died at St. Louis, Missouri, 
May 19, 1862. 

William McCarley controls 159 acres in section 5, Joliet 
township, nearly all under cultivation; was born in North of 
Ireland in 1857, and came to AYill county in 1873; was married 
in 1880 to Miss Elizabeth Gregg of this county; has a family of 
two girls and one boy. 

Mrs. Elenore Mc'Clintocl:, widow of the late Joseph McClin- 
tock, owns 76 acres in section 5, Joliet township, and 80 acres 
in section 36, Lockport township; came to Will county in 1852, 
and was married to Mr. McClintock in 1853. 

Chauncey J. McBacle, dealer in a varied assortment of fruit 
and ornamental trees of superior quality, grape vines, currants, 
gooseberries, raspberries and strawberries, shade-trees a specialty; 
trees and shrubs all raised here and acclimatized, insuring their 
growth. Mr. McDade has also a vinery in Streator; he served 
two years in tlie Sixty-fourth Illinois, in the late war, and received 
an honorable discharge. 

Jolin McFadden. — See Directory. 

E. Meers. — See OfiBcial History of City and Directory. 

Mersifiger & Co. — See Directory. 

Isaac T. Millspaugli, born in Orange county, N". Y., Feb- 
ruary 26, 1820, came to Joliet in 1844, where he made the first 
steel plow manufactured in this county. In 1846 he was em- 
ployed as fireman on the Galena k Chicago Kailroad Co.'s 
first new locomotive; subsequently was engaged on packet from 
Chicago to Peru, and in lSo2Jired the first engine of the Chicago, 
Rock Island & Pacific info Joliet; was the first blacksmith of 
the Chicago & Alton Railroad Co., at this point; was township 
Assessor for fourteen years, and subsequently served in the pos- 
sitions credited to him in the History of Joliet City. In 1842 
he married Miss Charlotte E. Noyes of Cortland county, IST. Y.; 
four years later this lady died, and ten years after his first mar- 
riage he married Miss Mary L. Roberts, of Lockport, JST. Y., at 
Joliet. 

James B.Molloy. — See Directory. 

Thomas F. Jloran, born in Roscommon county, Ireland, in 
1832, came to the United States in 1851 and to Joliet ten years 
after, where he was appointed assistant superintendent oi' the 
gas works. In 1853 he was married to Miss Mary Brennan, a 
native of Philadelphia. His oflicial record is given in the History 
of Joliet. 

Frederick Moriarty, was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1852, 
came to the United States and settled at Braidwood, this county. 
He is now deputy county clerk. 



326 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

Fredei'ich Munch, son of F. X. Munch, a settler of 1839, was 
born in this township April 3, 1851. In 1873 he located at 
Joliet, and in 1875 established his coal trade. His marriage 
with Miss Jennie, daughter of Wm. Harley, of Minsoka, was 
solemnized Kovember 16, 1876. Mr. Munch, Sr., served in the 
Mexican War almost before his Alsatian citizenship merged into 
that of the American, 

C. W. Mnnn, born at Waterloo, Wis. , December 30, 1848, 
settled at Wilmington with his parents in 1854, and came to 
Joliet ten years later; studied law in his father's office, graduated 
from the Uuiversitj of Michigan, was admitted to the Bar Au- 
gust 13, 1870, commenced practice in Joliet in 1871, and entered 
partnership with his father December 1, 1872. He was married 
in December, 1871, to Miss H. C. Matthews, who died Septem- 
ber 26, 1872. Miss Lida M. Squier, to whom he was married 
January 19, 1876, is a native of Essex county, N. Y. 

S. W. Munn, born in St. Lawrence county, N. Y., May 14, 
1824, settled in Ohio in 1845, in Wisconsin in 1848, visited 
California in 1852, and settled in Wilmington, His., in 1854. 
In 1861 he organized company A, 39th Illinois Infantry, was 
commissioned captain, promoted major in that command Decem- 
ber 1, 1862; resigned in January, 1863, and in later years was 
commissioned colonel on Gov. Cullom's staff. His military and 
political records appear in the respective chapters. Early in 
1848 he married Miss Imogene Mixer, who died in September, 
1850. Miss A. 0. Crocker, to whom he was married in 1851, is 
a native of Madison county, Ohio. 

George J. JImiroe, born at Baraboo, Wis., February 11, 
1853, was educated at Oberlin and at the National Normal 
School, Ohio, graduated from the latter in 1872, came to Chi- 
cago in 1873, studied law in Wheaton & Sleeper's office and at 
Union Law College; was admitted to the Bar January 15, 1877, 
and settled at Joliet in 1878. Miss A. P. Simmonds, to whom 
he was married November 21, 1877, is a daughter of S. 0. 
Simmonds, of Joliet. 

George Munroe, of the firm of G. Munroe & Son, born in 
Jefferson county, N. Y., April 4, 1821, settled on his farm in 
Florence township in 1849, held the public positions credited 
to him in the Political Chapter and Official History of the City. 
He established his grocery house in 1865. 

George H. Munroe, son of George Munroe, born September 
24, 1844, in Jefferson, county, N. Y., was married to Miss Eva 
Weeks, of Joliet, in May, 1869. He is a member of the im- 
portant firm of G. Munroe & Son, and president of the Joliet 
Stone Company since its organization in 1875. 

Charles Murr. — See Directory. 

J. B. Mount. — See Directory. 

James P. Murphy was born in the county of Mayo, Ireland, 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY IlISTOKY. 32T 

1822. He came to the United States in 1853; located in Sing 
Sing, New York. In 1855 he moved to Chicago, and removed 
to Will county in 1858. Is justice of the peace, and carries 
on a tailoring business at Joliet. Mr. Murphy's labors in the 
temperance cause are of very practical character. The State 
Prohibition Convention of 1884, nominated him for presiden- 
tial elector. 

Rev. Thomas B. Murphy, son of Patrick and Catherine 
(Haley) Murphy, of Troy township, was born in Ireland; edu- 
cated in this country, ordained priest, and appointed pastor of 
St. Mary's Church, Joliet, in 1877; died April 10, 1878. To 
him is credited the beginnings of the present magnificent 
church building of the parish. 

David G. Jlw-phi/, horn in Eoscommon county, Ireland, Jan- 
uary 14, 1844, settled in Troy township with his father, P. F. 
Murphy, in 1851. In March, 1875, he located at Joliet, and 
with his brother, Francis, established their livery, feed and 
sale stables. His marriage with Miss Mary McGuire, of Lock- 
port, took ]ilace June 10, 1868. (See Troy Township History 
and Joliet Township for official record.) 

Frank C. Murplty, born in Ireland, June 3, 1847, came to 
the United States with his parents in 1851, and settled at Joliet. 
He was elected Street Commissioner in 1883-84, and has com- 
pletely filled that important city office. 

Nachhour cf- Nicolaus. — See Directory. 

Alfred jSfash, M. D., was born in Kingston, Ontario, 1828. 
He is" a graduate of the Medical College University of Michi- 
gan, Ann Arbor. Practiced at Lapeer, Michigan, from 1865 to 
1879, then located at Joliet. In the late war he served three 
and one half years, being Assistant-Surgeon of First Michigan 
Cavalry, tlien Surgeon of the Ninth Michigan Cavalry, and 
Brigade-Surgeon during last year of service. 

Adam W. Nichel, farmer, section 26, town of Joliet, was 
born in AVill county in 1859, and is the son of Henry Nickel, 
of Channahon. In 1883 he married Sophia, daughter of 
Charles Koeder, of Lyons, Cook county, Illinois, and is the 
father of one child. Mr. Nickel has under cultivation eighty 
acres of land and utilizes every acre of it to the best possible 
advantage. 

Jesse 0. Norton, born at Bennington, Vermont, December 
25, 1812, educated at Williams College. 1831-35, came to Joliet 
in 1839, and entered on the practice of law. In the official and 
political history of the city and county, his public record is 
given. In 1866 he was appointed Attorney for Northern Illi- 
nois with headquarters at Chicago, and after his term of office 
expired, in partnership with J. R. Doolittle, he resumed his 
practice at Joliet. Judge Norton died here August 3, 1875. 



328 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

Miss Phoebe Ann Sheldon, to whom he was married December 
25, 1837, survived him. 

John O'Connell. — See Political Chapter. 

John CGomior, real estate, abstracts of titles and loans, of- 
fice, corner Jefferson and Ottawa streets, and residence corner 
Hickory and Lafayette streets, Joliet. 

James L. O'Donnell is a native of La Salle county, Illinois, 
where he was born August 10, 1849. He was educated at St. 
Mary's University, Niagara Falls, N. Y,, and studied law with 
Olover, Cook & Campbell and with Mayo & Widmer, of Otta- 
wa, 111. He was admitted to the Bar at Springfield, 111., in 
1874, and in July of the same year formed a partnership with 
P. C. Haley, at Joliet. The partnership has continued since 
under the name of Haley & O'Donnell, and the members there- 
of now rank among the foremest lawyers of Will county. 

M. B. Ogden, born at Toronto, Canada West, October 24, 
1834, was educated in Toronto University and Ealph's Medical 
School; settled at Fond du Lac, Wis., 1858; subsequently moved 
to Eockford; attended the Hahnemann Medical College, Chi- 
cago, 18G3-4, again in 18G7-8, and graduated in 1868. Dr. Og- 
den settled at Joliet in 18G5, where he has resided since. In 
August, 1859, he married Miss S. M. Pitcher, of Fond du Lac, 
Wis. His son, E. Clinton Ogden, studied medicine at the 
Hahnemann college, Chicago, and is now associated in homeo- 
pathic practice with Dr. Ogden, Sr. 

Benjamin Olin, born in Allegheny county, N. Y., August 
12, 1838, settled in La Salle county about 1839-40; was educated 
in Kendall county and at Beloit college; studied law under Gray 
«& Bushnell, of Ottawa, III. ; assisted in organizing Co. K, 20th 
111. Inft.. in 18G1, and was elected 1st lieut. in April of that 
year. In 1862 ill-health obliged him to resign. He visited Col- 
orado, resumed his law studies, was admitted to the Bar in 1863, 
and in partnership with P. A. Armstrong, of Morris, 111., prac- 
ticed there until 1870, when he came to Joliet. His public 
record appears in the political chapter and in the official history 
of Joliet. Miss Julia A. Schauber, to whom he was mai'ried in 
September, 1865, is a native of Schnectady, N. Y. Mr. Olin is 
now a partner of Egbert Phelps in the law business. 

C. G. Olney, son of Hiram Olney, a pioneer, of 1835, was 
born at Perry, N. Y^, June 15, 1833. In 1852 he settled at 
Joliet, entered work there as marble-cutter, and is the oldest 
marble dealer there in point of continuity. 

Uri Osgood, born at Oxford, New York, December 22, 1809, 
studied law there, came to Joliet in 1836, and began his law 
practice. From 1850 to 1861 he conducted the first banking 
house in Joliet; at one time was owner of Jefferson street from 
Ottawa street west to the river, which he purchased for $50 
cash and two horses, and for over thirty-five years was one of 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 320 

the leading lawyers of the city. His public record is given in 
the Political Chapter and also in the Official History of Joliet. 
He died in 1871. 

Augtistus A. Osgood, son of Uri Osgood, a settler of 1836, 
was born at Joliet, September 29, 1839, was educated at Eus- 
selFs Institute and at Yale College, enlisted in Company B, 
100th Illinois Infantry (see record); served until after the affair 
at Stone Eiver, when he became connected with the quar- 
termaster department of the arm}^, serving until 1865. He 
studied law in his father's office, was admitted to the Bar Octo- 
ber 29, 1868, continued until 1873, when he purchased W. W. 
Steven's Insurance business, which he carried on until 1877 
when he established his real estate and loan office. 

/. D. Paige, born in Oneida county, 'New York, March 27, 
1837, settled in Wisconsin with his parents in 18-i4, and came 
to Joliet in 1857. He was appointed fire marshall of the city 
in May, 1877, and organized it as a department of the city, ren- 
dering it one of the most effective fire companies in the State. 
His public record since that time, as shown in the political 
history and official history of Joliet, has been characterized by 
energy and fidelity. As chief of police, under Mayor Kelly's 
administration, he succeeded in driving almost all disreputable 
characters from the city. As assessor and supervisor he served 
the people faithfully. He owns one of the largest bottling 
houses outside Chicago in the State. 

Chester Paige, of the firm of Paige & Bensen, dealers in coal 
and ice. The ice office of the firm is at 61 Xorth Bluff street, 
and the general office at 208 Washington street. 

/. V. Park, editor of the Press, has been connected with the 
newspaper press of Will county for years as reporter and editor. 
He was editor of the Sun, again served on the editorial staff of 
the News, and when the Press was inauguated in 1883 he was 
placed in charge as managing editor. He is correspondent of 
the Chicago Herald, Infer Ocean, JVeiv York World, Neio York 
Herald, Philadelphia Press, St. Louis Globe Democrat, and 
always a contributor of articles, bearing on the progress of 
Joliet, to the newspapers of the State. 

G. D. A. Parks, was born in Ontario county. New York. In 
May, 1841, he was admitted to the bar in New York city, and 
in 1842, he came to Illinois. In 1849 he edited the Will county 
Telegraph, at Lockport, Illinois, and in the fall of the same 
year he was elected judge of Will county. He removed to 
Joliet in 1850, and commenced the active practice of law 
in partnership with Nelson D. Elwood. Judge Parks was 
elected to the State House of Eepresentatives, in 1854, and in 
1856 was elected to the Senate. From 1854 to 1860, he officiated 
as one of the directors of the deaf and dumb institution, at 
Jacksonville, Illinois. In 1864, governor Yates, without the 
21 



330 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

solicitation of Judge Parks or that of his friends, appointed him 
one of the commissioners of the Illinois State Penitentiary. 
He was first president of the Joliet city library, and continued 
president about eight years. His own office law library and his 
home library are among the leading book collections to be found 
in this district. The part which he has taken in public life 
since his settlement here is recorded in the political and other 
cha]iters. 

Thomas H. Patterson, lime kiln and stone quarry, corner of 
Bluff and Marion streets, Joliet, emplo3^s twelve men, and does 
a business of about thirty-five thousand dollars a year. 

James G. Patterson, born in Tyrone county, Ireland, in 1831, 
settled at Haverstraw, New York, in 1851, and at Joliet early 
in 1855, where he was engaged in the manufacture of wagons 
and carriages until 1862, when he engaged in the grocery trade. 
Miss Mary A. Harris, of New 5fork, to whom he was married 
April 23, 1855, was born in Tyrone county, Ireland. 

/. W. Patterson, son of Thomas H. Patterson, was born at 
Newburg, New York, September 12, 1853, settled at Joliet with 
parents in 1805, was educated there and at the Chicago univer- 
sity; established his coal trade at Joliet, in 1877. Miss Hattie 
A., daughter of Henry Strickland, to whom he was married 
October 18, 1876, is a native of Will county. 

Anson Patterson, born in Cayuga county. New York, April 
14, 1830; came with his father, Joseph Patterson, to Joliet in 
1847. In 1862 Anson Patterson was commanding first lieu- 
tenant Company E, One Hundredth Illinois Infantry. After 
the affair at Chickamauga, lie was promoted captain, and served 
until June, 1865. In 1869 he was appointed postmaster at 
Joliet, and in 1871 was appointed express messenger on the 
Joliet Division of the Michigan Central Eailroad. His marriage 
with Miss Helen M. McClure, of Joliet, took place in 1851. 

W. H. Pacey £• Son. — See Business Directory of city. 

Christian F. Passold, born in Bohemia, July 10, 1830, came 
to Joliet in 1853, and in 1860 established his boot and shoe 
store. Mrs. Catherine Sesser, to whom he was married April 
13, 1857, came from Bavaria to Joliet in 1854, with her parents. 
In the official history of the city his public record is given. 

Charles Pettigreio, born in New Lanark, Scotland, February 
4, 1844; served five years as an apprentice in the Scotland Steel- 
Iron Works, Glasgow; came to Chicago in May, 1867, where he 
was employed as machinist in the Excelsior Iron Works; settled 
in Joliet in 1870, where he held a similar position until August, 
1873, when he was appointed master-mechanic in the Joliet 
Steel and Iron Works. Miss Agnes Cameron, to whom he was 
married in 1868, was born in New Lanark, Scotland. 

John Pettigrew, born in New Lanark, Scotland, March 2, 
1842; came to the United States in 1866, settled at Joliet in 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 331 

May, 1871, where he entered the molding department of the 
Joliet Steel and Iron "Works. In 1873-4 he was employed at 
Eockford and Marseilles, otherwise he has been connected with 
the works here since his settlement in 1871. He married Miss 
Agnes Kobertson, of New Lanark, Scotland in 1864. 

/, F. Perry, son of Dr. Joseph Perry, of Fairfield, Connect- 
icut, who settled in Crete township in 1854; was born at Fair- 
field, June 21, 184G. He was educated at Bridgeport, Connect- 
icut, and at Yale College from 1866 to 1870, In 1874 he came 
to Joliet as superintendent of the East Side schools; was elected 
county superintendent in November, 1877, in which office he 
served until succeeded by Mr. McKernan. 

Egbert Phelps, one of the early members of the old Historical 
society, and now a member of the Will county Bar; served as 
captaiu in the Nineteenth United States Infantry, from May 14, 
1861, to March 16, 1865. He is Benjamin Olin's partner in an 
extensive law practice. 

C. F. Pinneo, born in Will county in 1851; was married to 
Miss M. A. Grant in 1872. He established his grocery house 
at 211 N. Chicago street, in 1883. 

/. 31. Pierce, born in Cortland county, New York, June 1, 
1821, came to Will county in 1843, where he taught school; 
returned to New York in 1844, was engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness until 1846, when he engaged in various departments of the 
house-builders' trade; was married March 11, 1847, to Miss P. 
B. Bennet of his native county; revisited Joliet in 1852, re- 
turned to New York in 1854; settled in Frankfort township in 
1856. In 1872 he located at Joliet; was elected City Surveyor 
and Civil Engineer. 

Morton S. Pierce is manager of the Western IT. Telephone 
Company's office at Joliet. 

Franh W. Plant, born at Utica, N. Y^., September 13, 1843, 
is the son of James Plant, a pioneer of that city who died in 
1859. In 1871 lie settled at Joliet, purchased the L. E. Ingalls 
lumber business estate in 1868, and with H. B. Plant and F. A. 
Mason established their lumber business, now carried on by F. 
W. and H. B. Plant on -Des Plaines and Cass streets. The firm 
own and operate the Stone City planing mill, the sash, door, and 
blind factory, and manufacture all kinds of work pertaining to 
builders' furnishings. This firm employ thirty-five men and do 
a business valued at from $>50,000 to $6U,000 per year. 

Rev. Walter II. Poiver, born in Waterford county, Ireland, 
in May, 1830, was educated at the Tramore Seminary, came to 
the United States in 1849 and entered the seminary of St. 
Charles Borromeo, Pliiladelphia, completed his theological 
course there in 1853, and was ordained in December of that 
year. He was connected with the diocese of Philadelphia, Pa., 
and Hamilton, Canada West, until 1859, when he was appointed 



332 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOEY. 

priest at Lacon, Marshall county, 111., with five counties in his 
mission; in 1860 he Avas appointed pastor of Aurora; in May, 
1861, of St. Patrick's parish, Chicago; in November, 1861, of 
St. Michael's, Galena, and in September, 1869, of St. Patrick's, 
Joliet, of which parish he is still pastor. 

E. Porter, born in Medina county, Ohio, April 19, 1828, set- 
tled at Joliet in 1856, and in 1858 erected his first brewery, 
which was destroyed by fire in 1868. During this year he erect- 
ed the Eagle brewery. He employs twelve men and does a 
business of about 1150,000 per annum. In the official history 
of Joliet and in the political history the public record of Mr. 
Porter is given. 

S. W. Randall, born at Hoosack Falls, N. Y., March 23, 
1808, was educated at Fredonia, and in 1824 entered the Fre- 
donia Censor office. He studied law under Judge Galbraith, of 
Franklm, Pa., and continued his studies under Chief Justice 
Thompson; was admitted to the Bar in 1834, commenced prac- 
tice at Erie, Pa., in 1835 edited the Erie Observer, came to 
Joliet in 1843, continued his law practice, and in 1877 formed a 
law partnership with E. E. Barber and B. A. Fuller. His pub- 
lic services are recorded in the Political Chapter. 

Albert 8. Randall, son of S. W. Randall, was born at Erie, 
Pa., August 29, 1841, settled at Joliet with his father, entered 
Co. F, 20th Inft., June 13, 1861, was appointed division post- 
master, died at Pittsburg, Tenn., April 30, 1862. 

F. J. Ra-p-ple, son of Simon Kapple, a settler of 1845, was 
born in Alsace, Germany, Dec. 19, 1837, came with his parents 
to this country in 1845, and resided with his father until he 
established his own business in 1863 as farmer and stock dealer. 
Miss Margaret, daughter of Michael Adler, to whom he was 
married November 13, 1856, is a native of Joliet. 

John H. Rapple, brother of F. J. Eapple, was born in Joliet 
township, January 20, 1848. In 1870 he established a confec- 
tionery store here, which he carried on until 1874, when he set- 
tled in Kansas. He was engaged in agriculture there until 1877, 
when he returned and established the Eapple meat market on 
North Bluff street. 

L. A. Rani), of the firm of Braun & Eaub, was born in Will 
county in 1860, was educated at Joliet, and there entered mer- 
cantile life. In April, 1884, he, with Mr. Braun, established 
their present business. (See business directory.) 

Charles Reed controls 337 acres in sections 7 and 8, Joliet 
township, was born in Niagara county. New York, in 1828, and 
came to Will county in 1844; was married in Galesburg, 111., in 
January, 1856, to Miss Ann Dacon, a daughter of John Dacon 
of that city; has a family of five children, three sons and two 
daughters, all living. 

Lorenz Reitz, a native of Germany, was born in 1850. He 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 333 

came to the United States in 1854, and since that year has 
resided in Will county. In 1882 he was elected sheriff of the 
county on the Democratic ticket, which office he still holds. 
He resides at Joliet with his family. 

David Richards, born in Herkimer county, New York, 
March 27, 1813, came to Joliet in 1837, opened a meat market 
there in 1840; lost a little fortune in 1842, owing to the failure 
of the State to meet payments due to canal contractors; settled 
on his farm in 1844; subdivided the E. \ of X. W. \ of Sec. 15, 
C. T. Sub-div., and received the first carload of stock shipped to 
Joliet via the M. C. railroad. In 1860 he erected his residence 
on Richards and Washington streets; in 1866 he was one of the 
promoters of the Joliet Woolen Mill, and an earnest supporter 
of legitimate private and public enterprises. His marriage with 
Miss Mary A. Larraway, of Herkimer county. New York, took 
place January 16, 1840. 

Anson Richards, son of David Richards, of Joliet, controls 
2"'^3 acres in Joliet township, sections 22 and 23. Was born in 
Will county in 1861. Was married to Miss Lulu Brown, 
daughter of Roswell Brown, of Joliet, in November, 1883. 

Charles Richards, M.D., born at Newport, New York, July 
26, 1832, moved with parents to New Haven, Ohio, in 1842; 
was educated, and commenced the study of medicine there. 
He graduated from the Albany Medical College in 1855; prac- 
ticed at New Haven until 1868, when he established his office 
at Joliet. His marriage with Miss Harriet Mulford, of New 
Haven, took place March 25, 1858. 

Joseph Reichman, born at Baden Baden, February 13, 1836, 
came to the United States in 1855 and to Joliet in 1857, when 
he established his meat market. He was married to Miss Annie 
Koch, of Joliet, in July, 1860. Joseph J. Reichman, his nephew, 
born at Baden Baden in 1851, came to Joliet in 1868 and six 
years after acquired an interest in the Reichman market. 

William Rielly, the present proprietor of the Auburn House, 
took charge in 1883. It contains twenty-eight rooms, sample 
rooms, and is the oldest hostelry in the city, as it was established 
as a hotel in 1834. 

R. Rohertson, born near Edinburgh, Scotland, May 16, 1822, 
came to the United States in 1842, and to Joliet in 1864. He 
purchased the Joliet Distillery, which he operated for two years, 
built the old Robertson House in 1872, which was burned in 
1874, rebuilt what is now known as Shurt's Hotel in 1875, and 
conducted it for many years. This house was subsequently 
known as the Collins House, until purchased by Colonel M. W. 
Shurts, whose name it now bears. Prior to his emigration, he 
was married to Miss Margaret Duncan, of Alloway, Scotland. 

Rohertson S Comjyany. — See Directory. 



834: JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

Daniel Robertson came from New York State to Will county 
in 1854, and settled at Joliet the same year. 

FranTc Rohesson, born in Savoy, France, June 24, 1828, 
served in the Italian Cavalry from 1848 to 1856, came to the 
United States in 1857, and to this county in 1858. The same 
year he built a small store at Joliet, and in 1875 erected Eobes- 
son's Hall at a cost of about $30,000. Mr. R. was married to 
Miss Josephine St. Ange, of Oswego, New York, in 1862. 

George E. Rockey i& Son (George E. Rockey and P. L. 
Rockey), manufacturers of sash, doors, blinds, moldings, and 
general mill work, established July 6, 1864. Employ twelve 
men and do a business of 130,000 a year. Office and factory, 
corner Joliet and Cass streets, Joliet.^ 

David Rosenheim, born in Wurtemburg, Germany, Decem- 
ber 11, 1847, came to the United States in 1862, and settling 
at Joliet, entered the store of Morris Einstein, became his part- 
ner in 1869; and in 1875 purchased the entire interest in their 
extensive clothing and furnishing business. He is a member 
of the R. A. M., Chapter 27, Joliet. His marriage with Miss 
Augusta Lindaur, of Chicago, took place June 18, 1878. 

Edward Rosiuell, controls 160 acres in section 36, Joliet town- 
ship, eighty acres under cultivation. Was born in Somerset 
county, England, in 1841, and came to Will county in 1875. 
Was married in England in 1862, to Miss Mary L. McComer, 
daughter of Mark McComer. Has a family of five sons and two 
daughters living in this county. 

George W. Ronse, born at Clayton, New York, March 21, 

1834, came to Chicago in 1856, and to Joliet in 1857. Later, 
he, with 0. H. Woodruff, engaged in the grain trade until the 
fall of 1862, when Colonel Bartleson selected him for the posi- 
tion of Adjutant in the One Hundredth Infantry. He served 
until August, 1864, was wounded while inspecting picket line 
before Atlanta, and died August 4, 18G4. 

Hophins Roivell, born at Hopkinton, New Hampshire, May 
16, 1810, visited the West in 1834, and, on his second visit in 

1835, bought Major John Cook's claim, made in 1832; also 
eighty acres of public lands, known as the gravel tract, and a 
one quarter section, all close to Juliet. In 1866-7 he intro- 
duced gravel mining on the Cook claim, exactly twenty years 
after he introduced the McCormick reaper to the farmers of 
Joliet, or about ten years after he made this city his home 
(1857). In 1871 he published his Resources of Joliet, a little 
book which is found in almost all the public libraries of the 
Union. His marriage with Miss Mary E. Blood, of Watertown, 
New York, took place in 1848. 

Rossiter Rudd, born at Lafayette, Indiana, November 3, 
1840, settled with his parents in Will county in 1841. In 1864 
his father died, leaving him a farm of sixty acres on section 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 335 

24. Miss Jane Gregg, to whom he was married August 15, 

1860, is a native of Canada, 

Benjamin F. Russell, born in New Hampshire, came from 
Steuben county. New York, to Homer at an early day, and 
settled at Joliet in 1859. In addition to the offices credited to 
him in the Political Chapter, he held the assistant assessorship 
of Internal Eevenue through two administrations. In July, 
1851, he was married to his second wife. Miss Pha'be (Weaver) 
Ingersoll, widow of Chester Ingersoll, and resided at Joliet 
until his death, September 12, 1874. 

Joli7i Ryan, boot and shoe store, Jefferson street, between 
the bridges. He is a native of Tipperary county, Ireland; 
emigrated to the United States with his parents in 1850, settled 
in Western New York, and located in Joliet in 1861. He was 
chief of the fire department in 1870, and was assistant super- 
visor in 1874, 1875, and 1876. Mr, Eyan was elected Town and 
City Collector in 1882 and 1884. 

George B. Salter, D. S., of the dental firm of Salter & Dav- 
enport, was born in Stark county, Ohio, October 6, 1837, moved 
to Monroe, Michigan, with parents in 1845, and resided there 
until 1857, when he located at Freeport, Illinois. He studied 
dental surgery at Freeport, moved to AVhitford, Wisconsin, in 
1859, and settled at Joliet in 1861. Seven years later he became 
a member of the State Dental association, and served as delegate 
to the American Dental convention in 1877. He was married 
to Miss Mattie Ellis, of W^hitewater, Wisconsin, January 13, 
1864. 

Albert J. Sanger, born in Massachusetts in 1832, settled in 
Will county in 1855, entered the Twentieth Illinois Infantry in 

1861, in which command he did excellent service. (A'ide Polit- 
ical and Military Chapters.) 

LorenzoP. Sanger. — Born at Littleton, N. H., March 2, 1809; 
came to Eochester, N. Y., with liis father, David Sanger (who 
was contractor on the Erie canal); was steward on the steam- 
boat Pioneer in 1824; went to Johnstown, Pa., in 1826 to take 
charge of his father's interests in the construction of the Penn- 
sylvania canal; in 1820 he contracted to build the Livermore 
lock, after completing which he opened a general store at Blairs- 
ville, Pa., moved to Deniston in 1830, where he married Miss 
E. M. Deniston, Feb. 3, that year; was interested in the salt 
well at Freeport, Pa.,\in 1831, abandoned what was in reality a 
petroleum well, and thus lost his capital. The same year he 
built the Kanakanesing lock on the Beaver canal, completed 
contracts on the Indiana canal, moved to St. Joe, Mich., in 
1835, and with General Stewart carried on a general store there. 
In 1836-7, Sanger, Stewart and Wallace engaged in canal con- 
struction above Lockport, built Lock 15 at LaSalle, and, with 
others, contracted to improve Eock river at Sterling. In March, 



336 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

1843, he and Smith Galbraith were associated in the C. D. & G. 
stage liue; in 1844 he became proprietor of the line, and in 1847 
originated the N. W. Stage Co. — the lines of Sanger & Co., 
Frink & Walker, Davis & Moore and IS'^eil, Moore & Co. being 
consolidated. In 1851 he was interested in building the 0. & 
M. railroad, again in the railroad from St. Louis to Macon, Mo. ; in 
1857, with Sam. K. Casey, contracted to build the penitentiary 
at Joliet. In 1858 Sanger and Casey were lessees of the convict > 
labor of the Alton prison, who were in charge of W. A. Steele. 
This building is a testimonial to the fidelity of the contractors. 
In 186S" Mr. Sanger located at Joliet; the same year he was 
commissioned colonel; served in Kentucky until his health com- 
pelled him to return. In 18G5 he, with W. A. Steel, opened 
the great limestone quarries near Joliet, and the same year con- 
tracted to make the deep-cut through the lime-rock sections of 
the canal. His death occurred at Oakland, Cal., March 23, 
1875. His son. Major W. D., died in Xovember, 1873. Henry 
A. Sanger is associated with Chas. C. Moody in their great 
limestone quarries. 

Anton Sclieidt. — Of the firm of A. & J. G. Scheidt, was born 
at Schoenenburg, France, Jan. 30, 1827; located in York State 
in 1849, and settled in Homer township in 1850. In 1852 he 
located at Joliet, built the Chicago House on Bluff street that 
year, and conducted this house until 18G2. He formed a part- 
nership with S. Stephen in the brewing trade, became sole owner 
of the brewery in 18G2, and opeTated it nntil leased to H, Eider, 
in 1874. In 1875 he and Paul Smith established their general 
hardware house and iron works. In the ofiicial history of Joliet 
city and township, Mr. Scheidt's public record is given. Miss 
Elizabeth Palmer, to whom he was married in 1852, was born at 
Harthaem, Baden, in 1824. 

John Sclieidt. — Born in Alsace, Germany, Jan. 1, 1829, set- 
tled just north of Crete township in 1844 with his parents, came 
to Joliet in 1856, established his confectionery and fruit store 
in 1877, was elected supervisor in 1878, and also held the posi- 
tion credited to him in the ofiicial history of city and towuship. 
Miss C. Clos, to whom he was married Aug. 6, 1850, born in 
Prussia in 1831, settled in Crete township with her parents in 
1840. 

Ferdinand W. ScJtroeder, born at Hesse-Cassell, Germany, 
April 30, 1848, came with his parents to New York, in 1852; 
established a drug store at Joliet, in 1872; in 1874 entered a 
partnership with John Keyes, acquired full control in 1877; 
established his grocery house, and in later years formed a part- 
nership with Charles E. Wilson. He was married to Mrs. Alice 
M. Ireson, June 1, 1872. 

H. Jacob Scliott, born at Meldorf, Holstein, settled at Joliet, 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 337 

in 1855. He is engaged in house and sign painting, frescoing, 
paper-hanging, etc. — See Directory. 

H. B. Scutt, of Scutt & Co., enlisted in Battery G, Second 
Illinois Artillery, in August, 18G1; was promoted captain in 
Fourth United States Heavy Artillery, in 18C5, but was not 
mustered in on account of the war being brought to a close. 
His firm employ about fifty men and do a business valued at 
$500,000 annually. 

Frederick Seliring, born in Hesse - Darmstadt, Germany, 
December 19, 1831, came with his parents to this country in 
1847; came to Joliet and was engaged in hotel business here 
from 1854 to 1860, when he was appointed deputy clerk of the 
Circuit Court; served as county treasurer, from 1863 to close of 
1867, and in 1868 purchased the Columbus Brewery, which he 
has so improved as to place it among the largest breweries of 
Illinois. Miss Louise Bez, to whom he was married January 16, 
1865, is a native of Wurtemburg, Germany. — See Official History 
of Joliet and Political Chapter. 

Rohert L. Seward, born in Otsego county, Xew York, in 1838 
came to Will county with his father in 1850; purchased his Xew 
Lenox farm in 1854, his Jackson farm in 1865, and located at 
Joliet in 1871. Miss S. M. Moore, of Otsego county, New York, 
to whom he was married in 1853, died here in January, 1859. 
His second wife, Mrs. Eliza (Brown) German, is the daughter 
of one of the county's pioneers. 

G. B. Shaiu, from New York, located in Joliet, 1855. 

/. B. Shaw, 31. D., a native of Will county; studied one 
year with doctor Campbell, in Joliet; then spent one year at the 
Chicago Ilomo^^opathic College, and afterwards attended one term 
at the Foundlings' Home, Chicago. He then studied one year 
at the Chicago Medical College, medical department North- 
western University, and was for one year assistant house physi- 
cian in Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago. He then returned to 
the Chicago Medical College, and graduated from the same; is 
a general practitioner of medicine and surgery. Office, room 2, 
Akin block, Joliet. Office hours: 8 to 10 a.m., 2 to 4 p.m., 7 
to 8 p.m.; Sundays, 9 to 10 a.m. 

M. W. Sh'urts, born at Huntington, New Jersey, August 29, 
1820, was a member of the First New York Infantry, and 
in 1846 left with that command for the Mexican War. Arrived 
at San Francisco, which then contained only six cabins, he 
remained with the command until 1849. In 1850 he settled in 
Fulton county, Illinois; in 1859 he returned to New York and 
entered extensively into railroad building. Among these enter- 
prises was the Houston & Texas Central, of which he built 
240 miles. After his European travels, he came to reside on his 
farm near Joliet. Recently he became lessee of the Robertson 
House (rebuilt in 1875 — Collins House), oecame owner subse- 



338 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOKY. 

quently, and named it Shurts' Hotel. Under the supervision 
of the owner and the courteous business-like management of 
Dr. Wolcott, this well-equipped hotel has now taken front rank 
among the hostelries of Illinois. Colonel Shurts was first mar- 
ried to Miss Agnes Haggeman, of New Jersey, and secondly to 
Miss Maria Simonds, his present wife. The State Democratic 
Convention named him as one of the Presidental Electors for 
1884. His public record since he came to reside in Will county 
is given in the Political Chapter. 

A. H. Shreffler, a native of Pennsylvania, settled at Plain- 
field in 1846; with Daniel and John D. Shrefiier, established his 
business at Joliet, of which city he is now a resident. 

P. Shutis, born in Ulster county, New York, October 7, 
1849, came with parents to Joliet in 1855, entered the Signal 
oQice in 1872, purchased an interest in that journal in 1876. 
(See Business Directory). 

Michael Shoemaker, now of Jackson, Michigan, came from 
York State in 1836, moved to Michigan in 1840. His military 
record with the Fourteenth Michigan Infantry and experiences 
in Libby prison are remarkable. 

Solomon 0. Simonds, born in Monroe county, New York, 
February 13, 1824, located at Joliet in October, 1851, where he 
engaged in the general insurance business, and now represents 
some of the leading companies. 

Christopher J. Smith, proprietor of the Collins street Bot- 
tling Works, has been connected with the city government for 
some years, as shown in the official history. 

Barton Smith settled at Joliet in 1835, as noted in the Pio- 
neer History, and resided there until his death in September.. 
1862. His wife, Mrs. Fatha Smith died in 1875. 

Henry Sfiapp, born in Livingston county, N. Y., June 30, 
1822, came with his parents to Homer township in 1833. (Vide 
Homer Township History.) Mr. Snapp studied law under the 
pioneer lawyer, E. C. Fellows, and subsequently in the oflfice 
of S. W. Randall; was admitted to the Bar in 1843, entered on 
practice in 1850; served in the State Senate and in Congress as 
recorded in the Political Chapter, and filled other public oflfices 
referred to in the history of Joliet. He was a partner of Judge 
Goodspeed for about eight years and subsequently with his son, 
Henry D. Snapp. His marriage with Miss Adeline Brodie, of 
Joliet, took place in January, 1847. 

Henry Spangler, treasurer of Will county, was born in Sum- 
mit county, Ohio, in 1837, settled in Jackson township in 1857, 
of which he was supervisor for the terms credited in official list, 
where he conducted his farm and stock business, until elected 
county treasurer, when the management devolved on his sons. 
He married Miss Rachel Grove in 1857. 

Charles W. Staehle, bookbindery, established his 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 339 

business in 1859 and is the oldest and largest dealer in this line 
in Joliet. His name has been prominently identified with the 
early settlement of Will county, he having served as notary pub- 
lic for nine years, city collector for one term and as a member 
of the board of school directors constantly since 1869. 

W. A. Steel, born at Blairsville, Pa., October 11, 1836, en- 
gaged in mercantile business at Cumberland, Md., in 1853, 
subsequently at Pittsburgh, Pa. ; in 1855 visited Joliet en route to 
Missouri, where he built six miles of the N. M. railroad; settled 
at Joliet in 1857; was appointed deputy warden at Alton, under 
Warden Samuel K. Casey; in 1858 managed the penitentiary 
there until he moved the non-leased convicts to the Joliet 
prison in July, 1860. During the year ending April, 1861, he 
completed his law studies and was admitted to the Bar. Dur- 
ing the year he took part in building the monitors Tuscumbia, 
Chillicothe, Indian ola and Etlah; was organizer and major of 
the National Iron AVorks Battalion of 450 men for the defense 
of St. Louis, in which he served until 1865. From July, 1865, 
to March, 1871, he was L. P. Sanger's partner in his stone 
mining operations and in 1871 became sole owner. About this 
time his enterprise extended to the Wilmington coal region and 
he was among the first to develop its resources. In March, 
1870, he was admitted to the Bar of the Illinois Supreme Court, 
in April to that of the Supreme Court of the United States, and 
to the Court of Claims in January, 1871. To his energy is due, 
in a great measure, the grant of the bonus to the Joliet Iron and 
Steel Company toward the building of their shops at this point; 
nor did his influence cease here — in every department of indus- 
try, literature, religion, his aid has been felt and appreciated. 
Like Col. Sanger, whose daughter he married January 16, 1862, 
his has been a life full of usefulness. (Vide City Official His- 
tory, sketch of libraries, etc.) 

Sebastian Stephen, born in Alsace, Germany, September 8, 
1810; entered the French army in 1832, came to the United 
States in 18-43, and settled at joliet in 1844. He was married 
in 1845 to Miss Orte, who died in December, 1852. On July 14, 
1853 he was married to Mrs. Magdalene (Wishaar) Blattner, of 
Madison, Cook county, who came with her parents to Illinois in 
1844, and married Michael Blattner in 1851. 

John Stephens ownes250 acres in section 18, Joliet township; 
was born in France in 1839 and came to Will county in 1847. 
Was married in Joliet in 1863 to Miss Eachael Schall, daugh- 
ter of Ignatz Schall, of this county. Has a family of seven 
children, one son and six daughters; was elected highway com- 
missioner in April, 1882, and school director in April. 1884. 

Josejjh Stephen, manufacturer of saddle sand harness and the 
various articles in that line, 207 Jefferson street, Joliet. Mr. 
Stephen established his business in 1861 and at present does an 



340 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

annual business of from thirty to forty thousand dollars. He 
employs an average of ten men the year around. 

Mrs. Nancy {Kercheval) Stevens, born in Ohio in 1815, 
settled with her parents near Joliet in 1830; was married to 
Kobert Stevens in 1835. 

Robert Stevens, born in Kentucky about the year 1800, 
settled just east of Joliet Mound in 1831; was married to Miss 
Lydia A. Pence, who died shortly after the period of his settle- 
ment here leaving three children; brought his family to Dan- 
ville in 1833; returned and resided on his farm during the Black 
Hawk troubles; died January G, 1864. In 1836 he was elected 
sheriff of Will county, but refused to qualify, when Fenner 
Aldrich was elected in August following. 

W. W. Stevens, son of 13. C. and Esther A. (Lufkin) Stevens, 
was born at Peru, Oxford county, Maine, July 14, 1833; grad- 
uated from Andover Academy, New Hampshire in 1854, and 
€oming west in 1855, settled in this county. He was admitted 
to the Bar of Illinois in March, 1859 and, September 6, the same 
year, was married to Miss Althea H., daughter of the pioneer 
Oscar L. Hawley. Mr. Stevens conducted an extensive insur- 
ance agency, in connection with his law practice until 1873, 
when A. A. Osgood purchased his interests in the insurance 
department of his ofllce. His official connection with the city 
as attorney from 18G3 forward is shown in the history of the 
city. In later years he purchased the Record, which he now 
«dits (see Press History ). 

/. D. Stevens, born at Joliet in 1851, was educated here; 
entered mercantile life in 1863, in 1868 he, with his brother, 
W. D. Stevens, purchased the Hardy Lumber Concern; in 1870, 
was United States Express Agent; a few years later succeeded 
William N. Moore, founder of the Solar Stove Works as Sec- 
retary of that company, and served until succeeded by I. M. 
Gust. His marriage with Miss Kate Flack, of Aurora, Illi- 
nois, took place in 1873. 

W. A. Strong, born at Waterloo, New York, October 3, 
1838, came to Joliet in 1850, established his hardware house 
there, and subsequently joined Wm. Davidson in operating the 
Wilson quarry. In 1865 he was elected President of the Gas- 
light Company, founded in 1857, which position he still holds. 
Mr. Strong's official record is referred to in the history of the 
city. His real estate and business interests at Joliet are all im- 
jDortant and extensive. 

Frederick X. Stuffier, born at Wilmington, Will county, 
April 1, 1848, settled with his parents at Joliet in 1849, was 
educated here, and in 1877 established his hardware house, 
which was burned in 1883. Miss Mary A. Barthelme, to whom 
he was married April 33, 1873, is also a native of this county. 

Charles H. Sutphen, born in Cherry Valley, New York, 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY, 341 

February 15, 1806, is the son of Gilbert Sutphen, who was slain 
in 1812 by the British and Indians at Lundy's Lane. Mr, 8ut- 
pheu located lands at the head of Indian creek, now Earl- 
ville, LaSalle county, in 1834. In September, 1834, he re- 
turned, resigned his position in the Paymaster's Department, 
U. S, A., and, with his wife, settled in his new home, October, 
1834. In 1839 he purchased 1,000 acres, which he devoted to 
stock-raising, until 1859. Miss Eliza H. Dow, of Boston, to 
whom he was married in 1831, died April 6, 1870, leaving six sons 
and three daughters. In 1871 Mr. Sutphen moved to Joliet, 
where he married Mrs. H. D. Higinbotham, nee Miss Eebecca 
Wheeler, of Westford, New York. Mr. Sutphen's grandfather 
came from Holland, and his grandmother from Ireland, prior 
to the Kevolutionary War. 

William Symington (deceased), born at Lancaster, Pennsyl- 
vania, in January, 1811, settled in Will county in 1387. In 
1850-51, he was engaged in the California mines; returning, he 
located his 150-acre farm on section 19, and took up his resi- 
dence there in 1852, Mr. S. was married June 12, 1837, to 
Miss Dorothea Haarer, born in Wurtemburg, Germany, October 
8, 1815, whose parents were also old settlers. This lady resides 
on her farm, section 19, Joliet. 

George Tliompmn, associated in the proprietorship of the 
Press; has been connected with the newspapers of this State 
for some years. He was one of the publishers of the Braidicood 
Siftings, previous to his coming to Joliet, Here he was in 
charge of the advertising department of the Press for some 
months, when he acquired an interest in that paper, and is now 
cashier vice Mr. McDonald resigned, 

William Tonner, born in Centre county, Pennsj^lvania, June 
24, 1816; settled on his farm in Plainfield in 1846; visited Cal- 
ifornia in 1850, returned in 1852; was elected clerk of Will 
county in 1857 and at the close of that year located at Joliet. 
He served as county clerk until the close of 1865, when he en- 
gaged in the real estate and loan business; was elected city clerk 
in 1877 and served until 1879 (vide Political and City History). 
He married Miss C, J. Shreffler, of Centre county, Pennsyl- 
vania, February 5, 1839. His daughter, Miss Mary Alice, is 
wife of H. A. Sanger (of Sanger & Moody), Joliet, 

T. H. Tiernexj, a native of Kendall county, Illinois, estab- 
lished his meat market at 321 North Chicago street some years ago. 
He keeps in stock a full supply of fresh meats, fish and poultry, 

Cornelius C. Van Home, whose history is told in that of the 
Hickory Creek Settlement, in the Political Chapter, and in the 
Official History of Joliet, was born in Huntington county. 
New Jersey, April 13, 1794, came to Hickory Creek early in 
1832, and died at Joliet, of cholera, July 7, 1854. Miss Elizabeth 



34:2 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOKY. 

Veeder, to whom he was married in 1813, died at Joliet iii 1838. 
In 1843 he was married to Miss Mary M. Eichards. 

George L. Vance, born in Coledonia, Vermont, March 13, 
1840, first engaged in business at Rutland, Vt., from 1864 to 
1870; corresponding clerk in International Eevenue Bureau, 
Washington, D. C. ; studied law in the meantime and received 
the degree of B. L. in 1867 from the Columbia College at 
Washington. He moved to Houston county, Minn., in 1870, 
came to Joliet in 1873, where he established his extensive furni- 
ture trade. A reference to society, religious and municipal 
history will point out Mr. Vance's official record since 1873. 

Walher Medicine Comjjmiy. — See Directory. 

Barton Smith Walters, son of William and Mrs. (Smith) 
Walters, was born at Joliet in 1840 or 1841, entered the 39th 
Illinois Infantry in 1861, was captured with David Hanson 
and Andrew Sybert in May, 1863, by the Eebels, interned 
in Andersonville, where his two comrades died and was him- 
self released on the point of death in March, 1865. En route 
home he died at Annapolis, April 1, 1865. His father settled 
in Joliet in 1836, built a home on Bluff street, and for many 
years previous to his removal to Channahon carried on the 
grocery business there. 

William Werner, born at Frankfort, Germany, February 5, 
1831, settled in Frankfort township. Will county, in October, 
1851, and at Joliet in 1852. With his brother, Charles, he 
erected many of the principal buildings of Joliet. For almost 
a quarter of a century he was engaged in stone mining in his 
Joliet quarries. In 1863 he was commissioned one of the draft 
commissioners, and the same year was first elected president of 
the Lutheran church. In the official history of the city and 
township his public record is given. Mr. Werner married Miss 
Barbara Goeble, December 7, 1853. 

Orloff R. Westmann, born in Hesse-Darmstadt, G-ermany, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1833, entered the German Army in 1848, came to the 
United States in 1853, to DiiPage county in 1855, traveled ex- 
tensively in the West, settled at Joliet in 1874, where he pur- 
chased the pioneer photograph establishment of John Edgeworth, 
and has since been engaged in this work at 219 Jefferson street. 

Charles Werner, born at Frankfort, Germany, September 14, 
1828, settled at Joliet in July, 1851, worked at the stone masons' 
trade until 1865, when with his brother, Valentine, he opened 
Werners' stone quarry. His firm erected St. Mary's church, 
the jail and sheriff's residence. Union school-building, Werner's 
Hall, etc., etc. In 18G8 Mr. Werner purchased Young's Hall, 
which was burned in 1874. A year later he expended $20,000 in 
the erection of Werner Hall, corner of Chicago and Van Buren 
streets. He was married to Miss Mary A. Goeble, a native of 
Prussia, July 17, 1853. 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOEY. 343 

E. H. Webb, formerly a member of the firm of Chittenden & 
Co., Joliet, was born in New York State, May ?0, 1844, moved 
with parents to Wisconsin in 1846, enlisted in 1863 in the 36th 
Wisconsin Infantry, was commissioned first lieutenant after the 
affair at Cold Harbor, and served in the Missouri department 
for some time previous to muster out. He was engaged in mer- 
cantile business in Wisconsin and Dakota until 1871, when he 
came to Joliet and. entered the dry goods trade. Miss Mary 
Chittenden, to whom he was married May 20, 1874, is a daugh- 
ter of George N. Chittenden, an old resident of Plainfield 
township. 

Horace Weels, born in Homer township, Will county, Sep- 
tember 20, 1837 (son of Doctor Nathaniel Weeks, a pioneer of 
1833); entered the Telegraph office at Lockport in 1850; in 
1854 took charge of the "C. II. I. & P. railroad oflice at Sheffield, 
returned to Lockport the same year, was engaged in his fathers 
drug store and again held the position of bookkeeper in McDon- 
ald's bank until 1859 when he came to Joliet to pursue the 
study of law. From 1861 to 1868 he was variously employed. 
In 1868 he was admitted to the Bar, and also appointed deputy 
clerk of circuit court. In 1872 was appointed internal revenue 
collector, and in 1877 master-in-chancery. His marriage with 
Miss Mary Munson took place in 1862. 

Mrs. Inez E. White, widow of Samuel S. White, and daughter 
of the late David Crawford, of Newcastle, Pennsylvania, owns 
eighty acres in section 14, Joliet township, all under cultivation. 
Was married to Mr. White in 1851 in Newcastle, Pennsylvania, 
and removed to Will county five years later. Has a family of 
two sons and three daughters all living. 

S. H. Whited, born in Albany, New York, May 24, 1868, 
settled at Joliet in 1853, purchased a farm at Twelve Mile 
Grove in 1855; returned to Joliet in 1857, and in October, 1861, 
enlisted in the Mechanics' Fusileers under Colonel Wilson. In 
1862 he reenlisted in Ford's Cavalry, served to the close of the 
war and returned to Joliet. He was married to Miss Sarah 
Hinchman, of Little Falls, New York, in 1832. Charles W., 
son of Mr. Whited, also settled here in 1853; in 1857 entered 
the Joliet Republican office; entered Danforth's company 4th 
Missouri cavalry in June 1861, served in the 53d Illinois Infant- 
ry, and finally in 13th Illinois Cavalry until 1863. He was 
married to Miss E. Putnam, Little Falls, New York, June 12, 
1871. 

George Whittier, born at SommcFSworth, N. H., November 
27, 1830, settled at Joliet in 1861. He with Joseph Whittier 
have operated the Bluff street lime-kilns for years. Mrs. Sarah 
M. Lindsay, to whom he was married February 10, 1854, was 
born at Chester, Me., January 16, 1832. 

Edmund Wilcox, born in Onondaga county, N. Y., Sep- 



344 JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTORY. 

tember 18, 1816, graduated from Hamilton College in 1835; 
came west in 1836 and settled at Joliet. A few years later he 
became a partner of Charles Clement, purchased his interest 
after two years and continued his dry goods store until 1858. 
From 1858 to 1863 he was superintendent of the Joliet Gas 
Works. In the latter year he re-entered mercantile life and 
carried on his store until 1870. His official history is given in 
that of Joliet city and township. His marriage with Miss 
Sarah M. Green, of Washington county, N. H., was celebrated 
March 23, 1845. 

Wilcox Brothers. — See Directory. 

D. E. Winters, born in Marshall county, W. Va., in 1842, 
moved to Marshall county, 111., in 1852; was married February 
5, 1862; enlisted in 77th Illinois Infantry, August 12, 1862; was 
wounded at Jackson, Miss., July 11, 1863, returned to his com- 
mand and served as hospital steward until the close of the war. 
He came to Joliet in May, 1870, and established his builders^ 
office. During the last seven years the annual value of business 
done by him ranged from 120,000 to $50,000, his building opera- 
tions extending eastward to Englewood. 

Francis Woerndle, M. D., born in Austria, April 14, 1817, 
graduated from the University of Vienna. He located in New 
York city in 1849 and settled at Joliet in 1857, where he has 
carried on his drug business up to the present time. 

Miss A. J. Wheeler, daughter of David N. and Lydia S. 
Wheeler, of Shaftsbury, Vermont, came to Crete township with 
her parents in March, 1853. In 1854 the family settled in 
Frankfort township and resided there until about four years 
ago, when they moved to Joliet city. Miss Wheeler, however, 
has been an important commercial factor in the city since 1874, 
when she established her dry goods and notion store. Her suc- 
cess is told by the fact that within the decade she accumulated 
a well-earned fortune of about $100,000. This accomplished, 
she disposed of her business interests to Messrs. Nachbour & 
Nicolaus. 

George H. Woodruff, the senior old settler of Joliet, son of 
Theodore and Chloe Woodruff, was born at Clinton, Oneida 
county, New York, August 16, 1814, educated at Hamilton 
college, graduated in 1833; began the study of law at Pompey 
Hill, New York, and in 1834 came to Joliet with M. H. Dem- 
mond, Miss Catherine Murray and a hired man named Jenney. 
Ai a special election held in 1836 he was elected County 
Recorder, re-elected in 1839 and resigned the position of Probate 
Judge to which he was elected in 1838. He established his 
drug house in 1843, which he has conducted down to the 
present day. His history of Will county and his historical 
papers must be considered among the most valuable contri- 



JOLIET TOWNSHIP AND CITY HISTOEY. 345 

butions to the history of the "West. Mrs. Hannah B. Woodruff 
■died some years ago. 

George Wooch'vf, born in Watertown, New York, December 
7, 1812; settled in Joliet in 1836, where he established a grocery 
store which he carried on until 1841, when he settled on his 
Plainfield farm. In 1843 he resumed mercantile business which 
he continued until 1858. In 1852 he erected the Woodruff 
grain warehouse and continued in thegrain trade until 18G4. In 
1858 he, with others, founded the Joliet Bank, and having 
.acquired sole interest in this bank in 1864, it was reorganized 
under the title First National Bank. He was president of this 
the First National until succeeded by his son, Frederick W. 
Woodruff. Mr. Woodruff is identified with many local man- 
ufacturing interests, some of which he originated or aided in 
organizing. His public record is given in the Official History 
of Joliet township and city. Miss Dorothy Smith, to whom he 
was married May 9, 1838, was born at Rutland, Jefferson 
county. New York. 

E. M. Woods. — See History of Press, Military Eecord, etc. 

Morrison Worthingliam, born in 1814; settled at Joliet in 
1836 and carried on the cabinet trade there for years; was 2d 
Lieutenant Company K, 100th Infantry at organization; fell at 
Stone river, December 31, 1862. His two sons served in the 
^Oth Illinois Infantry. 

John Young, born in Ulster county. New York, July 18, 
1798, settled in Manhattan township, Will county, in 1849. 
when he purchased 560 acres of the public lands. A year later 
he was one of the ten voters in the township and the proposer 
of the name; also first supervisor. From 1851 to 1859 he was 
President of the AVill county Agricultural Society, and previous 
to 1876, when he moved to Joliet, held several township offices. 
Miss Caroline Thompson, daughter of Rev. James Thompson, 
of Greene county, New York, to whom he was married in 1825, 
■died in Will county, 1858. Mansfield and Edward Young are 
residents of Joliet. 

Henry Young, born in Lorraine, Grermany, November 17, 
1825, came to America in 1847, and to Joliet in 1858. In 1874 
he established his tobacco store; held a number of city offices 
,as recorded in official history. Miss Mary Brack, to whom he 
was married October 13, 1849, was born in Luxemburg, Grer- 
many, May 5, 1832. One of his sons — Nicholas — lost his life 
in the catastrophe of July 31, 1864, at the church of St. John 
the Baptist. Henry J. Young is a dealer in diamonds, watches, 
clocks, jewelry, etc., at 325 Jefferson street. , 

Mansfield Yonng, born in New York city December 26, 1830, 
came with his parents to Will county in 1849, and settled at 
Joliet in 1854. From 1855 to 1864 he was engaged in the man- 
ufacture of hats in New York city, and from 1864 to 1868 en- 



346 JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

gaged in the same business at San Francisco, California, and 
again in New York city. In 1861 he went into service with the 
7th New York National Guard, that command being the first to 
march. In 1868 he came to reside permanently here. His 
marriage with Miss Sarah, daughter of Joseph Walker of New 
York city, took place May 6, 1863; her death occured May 25, 
1876. Edward Young, brother of Mansfield, is extensively en- 
gaged in the hay business, and operates a hay-press at Joliet. 

Reason Zarley, a pioneer of Chillicothe, Ohio, was also one 
of the first settlers of Will county. He came to Vermilion 
county, Illinois, in 1829, thence crossed the prairie to his Will 
county homestead in 1831, and resided here, within two miles of 
Joliet, until his death in 1859. Miss Sarah Mustard, to whom 
he was married in 1814, and daughter of Eev. Wm. Mustard, a 
pioneer Methodist preacher of Ohio, was born in Pike county, 
Ohio, October 25, 1794; Linton, once a member of the Bar of 
this county; Calvin, once connected with the Signal; W. M., 
and John W., Lydia and Sarah Zarley are dead. 

Calneli Zarley, born in Pike county, Ohio, April 21, 1825, 
came with his parents to Joliet in 1831; fifteen years later, in 
company with his brother Calvin, he purchased the Signal from 
A. 0. Stillman'and has continued its publication down to the 
present day. (Vide Press History.) From 1854 to 1861 he was 
postmaster here, and also held local offices. He was married 
August 19, 1862, to Miss Annie Keegan. 

W. H. Zarley, born in Joliet township Febuary 21, 1837, 
served as Deputy Postmaster from 1854 to 1863 when he was 
elected City Clerk, This office he held until 1877, when he was 
elected County Clerk, which position he still holds. Miss Helen 
M. Patrick to whom he was married June 30, 1860, is a daughter 
of Jacob Patrick of Joliet. 

JACKSON TOWNSHIP. 

The early settlement of Jackson dates from 1831. In Marcli 
of that year, Charles Eeed who located on the site of Joliet in 
1833; Joseph Shoemaker who settled in Channahon in 1831; 
Eli Shoemaker, his brother, and Charles Koons — Eeed^s son-in- 
law and Eli Shoemaker's brother-in-law, arrived from Ohio at the 
grove known as Reed's Grove. In the summer of that year 
James Hemphill and George Kirkpatrick came — making up the 
pioneer circle of 1831. In 1832 Jefferson Ragsdale, Wesley 
Jenkins, Thomas Underwood and George, Henry and John J^ine- 
barger, all from North Carolina, arrived here and made settle- 
ments with the exception of John Linebarger, who returned to 
Indiana and did not come to stay until 1850. In 1833 Peter 
Eib with his sons George, Levi and Augustus, came from Vir- 
ginia and settled on section 7. Later in the year came Charles 
Pinneo. Jacob and Joseph Zu malts came from Ohio and re- 



JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 347 

mained a short time. In 1834 came E. J. Boylan the pioneer 
surveyor, Peter and John Brown, Smith Johnson, Henry Wat- 
kins and his sons, Henry, Jr., Benjamin and Peter, all from 
New York. John and Tliomas Koon, C. Lougmire, Sam. Cat- 
ron, Theo. Watkins, Robert AYatkins, D. Haight, John Catron, 
Ben. Shanks, Joseph Shanks, A, Crowe and Geo. Young came 
to the neighborhood in 183-4-5; Edward Kirk and wife, Mrs. 
Sarah (Davis) Kirk, who died in 1843, came to Will county in 
1834, and he with William Cotton, made a settlement in Jack- 
son in 1835. Peter Brown and family settled here the same 
year. Cyrus Hemphill (native) 1837; Sheldon Young in 1838; 
James Gager, 1838; John Grant, 1839; AV. Z. Brown (native), 
1843; Freeman Gay, Joshua Bush, Cicero Kyrk (native) 1847; 
John Hibner and Robert Spafford, 1848; M. Gonter and Ed- 
mund B. Crafts in 1851; Henry Snoad and Setli Gibler, 1853; 
Joseph Partee, Geo. Blair, James Barrett, Wm. Turner and M. 
Meyer, 1854; William and Sidney Morgan, William Deuchmann 
and John Mead, 1855; J. C. Harley, Henry Spangler and 
Jacob Palmer in 1857; Thomas Tait and Peter W. Corbin in 
1858. A few others came into the township between 1835 and 
1855 whose names are identified with other divisions of the 
county, or are mentioned in the general history. The organ- 
ization of Jackson township was effected April 2, 1850, when 
Smith Johnson was elected Supervisor. The presiding officers 
of the Board since 1850 were: George Linebarger, 1851-53; 
E. B. Crafts, 1854-55; S. Johnson, 1856; George Linebarger, 
1857; E. B. Crafts, 1858; George Linebarger, 1859; D. D. Pow- 
less, 18G0; S. Johnson, 1861;' S. Young, 1862; George Line- 
barger, 1863; H. Spangler, 1864; George Linebarger, 1865-67; 
Thomas Tait, 1868; H. Spangler, 1869-75; W. F. Keith, 1876- 
77; Henry Spangler, 1878-83; Elias Brown, 1883-84. The 
officers elected in April 1884, are: Supervisor, E. Brown; 
Town clerk, J. C. Beatte; Assessor, Charles Gifford; Collector, 
W. D. Palmer; Highway commissioner, Joseph Theil; School 
Trustee, D. Richards. The population in 1880 was 1,399, in- 
cluding Elwood village (312). The equalized assessed valuation 
in 1883-84 was 'i;4d6,242, of which *347,115 was for lands^ 
$17,161 for lots, and $41,960 for personal property. The tax 
levy was 19,971.70, including the school tax. This in district 
No. 4, was 11,30 on a $1.00 valuation. 

The post-office at Jackson creek was established in 1840, 
with James Gager post-master; and the first church building 
was erected in 1852, one mile west of Elwood, to which village 
it was moved in 1866. Henry Watkins, a settler of 1834, 
opened a school in the township in 1834 with fifteen pupils. 

Methodist Episcopal Church. — This society was organized in 
1833 with William Thornberg and wife, George Linebarger and 
wife, John Grant and wife, Charles Pinneo and wife and Mrs. 



34:8 JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

Michael Rogers. In 1835 services were held in the Watkins 
school house^ where Rev. Jesse Walker, Stephen R. Beggs, Mr. 
Stocking and others were accustomed to preach. In 1852 a 
building was erected west of the location of Elwood at a cost of 
$1,800. This house was moved to Elwood in 1866, enlarged and 
dedicated in October of that year. The pastors of the church 
from 1852 to 1884 are named as follows: Revs. J. Reeder, F. 
P. Cleveland, William Kegan, William Morse, Sanford Wash- 
burn, R. K. Bibbins, J. Richardson, S. R. Beggs, William Gray, 
O. J. Kinney, Joseph Wardell, M. C Smith, S. Stover, John 
Roads, Marcus N. Plumb, Wm. Clark, Howard R. Antes, 
Joseph Caldwell, the present pastor. The membership is 100 
with projDerty valued at 13,700. During the winter of 1883-4 
one of the most successful religious revivals ever held at Elwood 
took place under Mrs. Jennie H. Caldwell, wife of the pastor. 
The revival meetings were carried on for two months. 

Baptist Church. — This society erected a neat church building 
in 1859 at a cost of over 12,000 during the administration of 
Rev. Mr. Renfrew, its first minister. 

Reformed German Evangelical Luther an Church, was organized 
in 1862-3. and a house of worship built in 1863 on south-west 
quarter of section 15 under the administration of Rev. Rufus 
Smith. C. Lichtenwalter, Henry Lichtenwalter S. Bosley, Ed. 
Loomis, C. Faut were among the original members. In later 
years this church was opened to the use of all denominations. 

United Brethren Church. — In 1853 a number of United 
Brethren formed a society and assembled regularly at their 
services, which were held in private and school houses. Among 
the original members were Mrs. Boyer, Solomon Boyer, Joseph 
Landis and wife, and Austin McCollam. In 1865 their church, 
on the north-east quarter of section 11, was erected at a cost of 
over 11,700, together with the cost of furniture. The pastors' 
names are Revs. Clark Adams, Dills, D. Heningar, Elias Vin- 
cent, Walker, C. Bender, E. D. Palmer,. J. Dodd, G. Snyder, 

A. F. Loomis, H. Young, W. S. Hayes, J. J. Margilleth, J. 
Johnston, S. S. Healey and C. J. Stark. 

German Evangelical Church (Methodist), was established in 
Jackson township in 1863 and a house of worship built in 1865. 
Among the original members of the society the names of William 
Kriemier, Jacob Wible, John Gise, Isaac Moyer, M. Moyer and 
and William Poleman are given. 

Ehoood Village. — The ])retty prairie village, on the C. & A. 
railroad, was founded in 1854 by Messrs. Spencer, Gardner and 
Myers. In 1869 it was incorporated, with Wm. Muhlig, president, 
Robert Spafford, John Linebarger, T. A. Mappes and William 
Eversoll trustees, and W. F. Keith police justice. In 1873 it 
was reorganized under the general incorporating act of 1873, 
but within twelve months after one store, the school house and 



rACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



349 



the hotel were left to represent the village of former times. The 
fire of May 28, 1874, destroyed $30,000 worth of property, and 
brought financial ruin to a few citizens. The village has grown 
above all this loss and now makes a steady progress. Elwood 
Lodge A^o. 410, I. 0. 0. F., was established October 11, 1870. 
The charter members were William Muhlig, Sidney M, Stevens, 
Thomas C. Pennington, 0. H. Eddy and J. S. Hughes. 

The Tax-payers of Jachson Toivnship. — In the following 
list El. is used as an abbreviation of Elwood post-office; /. rep- 
resents Joliet post-office ; M., Manhattan, and C, Chicago. 

Coldwater, F., 21 El 



Ashton, Myron, El 
Attaway, Edw., 6 J 
Allaway, Samuel, 9, El 
Aultz, iVIike, El 
Barnes, Matthew, J 
Barnhart, Caspar, 1 J 
Baer, David, J 
Barnes, Nathaniel, 17 J 
Bailey, Daniel, El 
Bailey, Daniel, 7 El 
Barnhardt, Casper, J 
Barnett, D. D., 32 
Barker, Jas. M., El 
Baker, W. P., El 
Bergin, Martha, El 
Benza, Fred., 30, El 
Berry, J., El 
Beusinger, N. C, El 
Bell, James 
Beatie, J. C, El 
Bergiel, John, J 
Beckwith, A., El 
Benedict, Hemphill, El 
Blatt, Nelson, El 
Block, Wm., J 
Blatchley, O. B., El 
Bliss, Edward 
Blair, Geo. R., 30 El 
Block, Wra.,10 J 
Block, Gott, 2 J 
Boxens, L. B., El 
Boyer, Elizabeth 
Bovee, Nicholas, 30 El 
Bovee, Herman 
Bower, Dan., El 
Bower, Dan. 
Baylan, R. J., 16 El 



Brown, Mary, 14 J 
Brown, Elias, 22 El 
Brown, Sarah, El 
Brown, Wm., El 
Breen, Susan, El 
Bridge, John; El 
Brown, MayM., 22 El 
Bridge, Henry, El 
Bridge, Chas., El 
Brown, Nancy, 14 El • 
Brown, Martha M., El 
Bray, E. M., 9 J 
Bridge, James, 31 
Burson, Andrew, El 
Bush, Joshua, 31 El 
Bush, Wm., El 
Bargent, Peter, El 
Beelso, Edward, El 
Bush, Mrs. E., El 
Burns, R. , El 
Cagwin, M. O., El 
Carman, Emma B. 
Carr, Burgess, El 
Cavanaugh, John, El 
Cavanaugh, M., El 
Chapman, R.W., El 
Chaloupka, Chas., El 
Christiansen, Peter, El 
Christiansen, Chris., J 



Coldwater, Mrs. L. , 28 El 
Crafts, E. B., 13 Ei 
Crellin, Alex., 29 El 
Curran, D. B., El 
Davidson, John, 6 J 
Davis, Philip, 8 El 
Davis, Mrs. Martha, El 
Derham, John, p]l 
Deutchman, H.,34E1 
Deline, Rebecca, El 
Deline, S. ct A. 
Dooley, P. F., 10 J 
Doyle, Michael, 26 EI 
Dolan, Michael, J 
Drisler, Milton, 28 EI 
Ducan, R. L., 6 J 
Eaton, Daniel, Jr., 9 J 
Eaton, Joseph, El 
Eaton, Robert, J 
Eaton, Daniel, Sr., 4 J 
Eib, Amos, 7 J 
Eib, Albert, 7 J 
Eib, August, 16 El 
Eib, James, 16 J 
Eib, Peter, El 
Eib, Adelbert, 17 El 
Eib, George, 6 J 
Eib, William, El 
Eich, Peter. 3 J 



Clark, E. M , El 

Cliffman, 3Irs. M., 27 El Eungard, James, El 

Cooney, Charles, 17 El Eversoll, W. T., El 

Cotton, Wm., J Faut, Chris., 33 El 

Cowell,Geo. E.,22E1 

Cooney, Charles, 20 El 

Corbin. Peter, 20 El 



Coleman, Joseph, El 



Brown, William, 3-10 El Cook, Allies, El 



Brown, George, 13 J 
Brown, Emma, El 
Brown, Frank, 14 El 
Breen, Wm., 7 El 
Brown, Ira, El 
Brown, Ara, El 
Breen, Kevin, 17 El 
Brown, Martha, 15 El 



Colman, John, 20 El 

Collins, Geo., El 

Cotton, Albert. El 

Corbin, Peter W., El 

Coldw-ater, John, 28 El 

Coldwater, Wm., 21 El 

Coldwater, Anna. 21 El Gefford, E., El 

Coldwater, Jos., 21 El Geiss, J., El 



Faut, C. Jr. , El 
Ferguson, George, El 
Fey, Eliza J., 29 
Fitzpatrick, John, 17 El 
Fitzpatrick, John, El 
Fishburn, Jemima, 7 J 
Fitzpatrick, Katie, El 
Fritze, Fred., El 
Frank, Lewis, 12 El 
Gay, Freeman, 14 J,-E1 
Gebbler, Seth, 10 J 



350 



JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



Gifford, W. W., El 
Gifford & Son, El 
Gockley, Levi, 13 M 
Gockley, Abram, 13 M 
Gockley, A., 16 M 
Goodwin, H., 13 J 
Gockley, Mary Mrs., M 
Grove, Willis, J 
Grove, Sol. , J 
Grant. J. M., 29 El 
Grimpie, John, 17 El 
Grant, Bridge & Co., El 
Grempe, M., 17 El 
Grant, John A., 31 El 
Grant, Margaret, 31 El 
Grant, Wm. C, El 
Grant, R. B 
Grant, Mrs. A., 31 El 
Gurney, G. F., 34 El 
Gurney, George, 25 El 
Harley, Jacob, 33 El 
Harley, Mary A., 33 El 
Halleck, Joshua, El 
Harley, B. T., El 
Harley, James E. , El 
Harley, James L., El 
Hewey, Palmer, J 
Hemphill, Wm., J 
Hess, Ch., El 
Hemphill, A., El 
Herbert, Thos., 33 El 
Hemphill, Jas. H., J 
Hemphill, Cyrus, 16 El 
Hemphill, John, 5 J 
Hemmer, Henry, El 
Hemphill, J. P., 17 El 
Henner, Henry, El 
Hemphill, Nancy and 

Sarah, 5 J 
Hess, Jacob, El 
Hibner, John, Jr., 5 
Hibner, J. W., J 
Higgins, Dan, 14 J 
Hibner, James, J 
Hibner, F. A., 6 J 
Hibner, John W., J 
Hibner, James C. , J 
Hougham, J., El 
Hoist, Nicholas, J 
Honkey, Chas. , J 
Hoy, Chas., El 
Hutchins, Wm. H., Est 

of. El 
Hurlburt, M., 34E1 
Ingram, Chas. 
Jackson, Delaney, El 
Johnson, Henry, 16 El 
Johnson, Julius, El 
Johnson, Andrew, El 



Johnson, H. M., 16 El 
Kassabaum, Henry, 16 J 
Kavanaugh, John H. , El 
Kavanaugh, Mat, 33 El 
Keir, James, 3 J 
Keeler, Christian, 16 J 
Keith, W. F., El 
Keir, Thoa., El 
Kirkpatrick, Geo., 6 J 
Kinney, John, 6 J 
Kirk, W. F., J 
Kinney, Geo. J., El 
Kirkhamp, Wm., 25 J 
Kirkpatrick, Nancy, 7 J 
Kirkhamp, H. , 33 El 
Kirk, Mary Mrs., 16 El 
Kirk, Denis, 9 El 
Kirkhamp & Kreimer, 16 

J 
Korst, Nicholas, 31 J 
Korst, John, J 
Korst, Simon 
Korst, Michael, J 
Kreimer. Wm. , 34 El 
Kurtz, Eliza Mrs., 6 J 
Kurtz Est. , J 
Kyrke, Edw., 9 J 
Leopold, Anna, 7 J 
Lengle, Henry, 38 El., J 
Lengle, Michael, El 
Lendel, Chas. 
Ley, Peter, 4 J 
Lendel, John, El 
Lengle, Sol., El 
Linebarger, George 
Linebarger, George, El 
Linebarger, Thomas, El 
Liehlenwater, J. J., El 
Linebarger, A. J., 17 El 
Linebarger, George, El 
Long, Eph. , J 
Lock, Frank, El 
Long, Benj., M 
Lone, Leonard, El 
Lowe, Stewart, El 
Loyd, Bateman. El 
Lutz, John, 34 El 
Lyle, Peter, J 
Lyons, Michael, 35 El 
Mapps, Thomas, El 
Manton, Pat., 30 El 
Manton, Mary, Mrs., El 
Maddson, Louis, 4 J 
Mupp, Mary A. , El 
Maesser, Michael, El 
McAllister, H., Jr., 14 J 
McClure, D, 35 El 
McFarland, Luke, 14 — 
McGowan, J 16 — 



McQueen, Thos., 33 El 
McGourty, Charles, El 
McFariand,Wm., 23 J 14 
McAllister, Herain, 33 J 
Mc Arthur, A. L., J 
McDonald, Thomas, J 
IVIetheny, John, El 
Messenger, Ed., M 
Metz, Martin, 36 El 
Mead, Marcy, El 
Miller, Aug., J 
Miller, Henry C, El 
Miller, Casper, 9 El 
Miller. Wm. F., 13 J 
Miller, David, 31 El 
Miller, Phebe, El 
Miller, Charles, J 
Miller, John, 9 J 
Moi-gan, Wm., 31 El 
Morgan, Moses, 31 El 
Moyer, Sarah, 13 J 
Morse, Wm., 17 El 
Moore, Wm. F. , 34 El 
Moyer, Isaac, El 
Moyer, Michael, 33 El 
Morenous. Jane, El 
Moran, Owen, 6 J 
Morenous, P. J., El 
Morgan, W., 31 El 
Muhlig, W. F., El 
Myers, Jacob, El 
Myers, A. S., J 
Nelson, Samuel, El 
Nelson, Nils, 16 El 
Nicholson, Wm., El 
Noel, Gabriel, 9 J 
Noel, Albert, J 
Noel, Erwin, El 
Oshen, C. J.. J 
Overhulser, Isaac, 11 J 
Palmer, W. D., El 
Palmer, Jacob, 11 El 
Palmer, Ephraim, J 
Palmer, John, 11 El 
Palmer, Valentine, J 
Palmer, Henry, J 
Palmer, Henry, 16 J 
Palmer, Eliza, 11 J 
Palmer, Marion, El 
Pensenger, Joseph, 22 El 
Pensenger, Thomas, El 
Pennes, John, El 
Peterson, A. J., J 
Peterson, Andrew, M 
Perry, James A. 
Phillips, James, 16 J 
Pinner, Charles, El 
Pierce, Eliza, El 
Pierce, Abraham, J 



JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



351 



Pohlman, Wm., 16 El 
Prosser, P. A., 11 El 
Prosser, Abijah, 17 El 
Pritz, A. A., El 
Pritz, A. A. 
Ealph, Edmond, 3 J 
Reezer, Fred., El 
Reeves, P., 16 El 
Richards, Erastus, J 
Richards, David, 16 J 
Richards, Daniel, 1 J 
Ridge, Mary, Mrs., El 
Riddin, Peter, 17 El 
Rich, William, El 
Richmond, Anna, 28 El 
Riley, Barney, 
Rich, Elmer, El 
Rodgers, Joseph, 6 J 
Rowland. Edward, 16 El 
Rogers, Saphronia, 30 El 
Rogers, Emily, J 
Roderick, H., El 
Rose, H., 17L 
Rockfellow, Mrs., 
Rockwell, W., El 
Rogers, S., Mrs., 19 El 
Rudd, Ernest, 6 J 
Russell, John, 30 El 
Russell, Mary A. 
Sanborn, Elizabeth, El 
Scanlan, Mary F , 29 El 
Shaffner, Levi, J 
Shutts, John, J 
Shoemaker, John, El 
Shoemaker, Ves., El 
Shearer, Robert, J 



El 



Shearan, Mary A. 
Sheran, Francis, Sr., El 
Shearan, Francis, 17 El 
Sheeran, F. J., El 
Shaffer, William, El 
Sing, Adam, 4 J 
Smith, Hiram, 23 El 
Smith, W., 4 El 34 
Smillie, J. J. 
Smith, George W. 
Snoad, Henry, El 
Snoad&Co., El 
Spraul, Janes, 6 J 
Spangler, Elery, J 
Spoor, H. H., El 
Spencer & Gardner, vill 
Spafford, R., El 
Spoor, H. H., El 
Spangler, Henry, 12, J 
Spafford, Charles, 30 El 
Spotts, Hiram, 25 El 
Spencer, William, El 
Spencer, Merit, 32 El 
Stone, Henry, 2 J 
Staffer, Matthias, 3 J 
Stoner, William, El 
Staffer, Jacob, J 
Stone, Wilton, J 
St. Francis Order, 4 J 
Stine, Mary, 19 El 
Streeter, Henry, J 
Switzer, Conrad, 3 J 
Swedler, August, 23 J 
Swedler, Henry, J 
Swedler, Edward, J 
Swanson, Charles, J 



Swedler, John, 33 J 
Tait, Thomas, J 
Tel Co., B. of T., 

C 
Tel Co, W. U., 

Pierce, J 
Tel Co., M. U., 

Pierce, J 
Tea, Mrs. Jane, J 
Tea, MarkB., 5 J 
Thele, Joseph, 16 El 
Thele, August 
Thornberg, Robert, El 
Thompson, F. A., El 
Tohlman, William, El 
Traver, John, J 
Trabing, Mrs. Louise, J 
Troy, Elizabeth J, El 
Traby, Jacob, 6 J 
Traby, Samuel, El 
Tyler, S. S., El 
Voight, Nellie, 33 J 
Walshe, John, 12 M 
Welkins, Charles, El 
Williams, Jacob, 3 J 
Wieble, Jacob, 35 El 
Williams, H. G., El 
Wilkins, C. H., El 
Wicks, George C, El 
Wicks. Charles D., El 
Winters, W. R , 17 — 
Winters, Robert, 17 — 
Yake, Thomas, 17 El 
Yergersen, Peter, El 
Young, Shelden, 8 El 



The school report for 1883 gives the following figures: 730 
jsersoiis under twenty-one years; 428 pupils enrolled; thirteen 
teachers; ten school buildings, etc., valued at $9,000; total 
expenditures for year, 14.564. G5. 

Mrs. Martha Broivn has two hundred and nineteen acres of 
land on sections 14, 15, 21, and 22, about one hundred and forty 
acres of which is under cultivation. The balance is pasture and 
timber land. She is the widow of Ara Brown, Avho died in 
September, 1865. Mr. B. came to Will county in 1835, at the 
age of fourteen, with his father, Peter Brown, from Syracuse, 
N. Y. Mrs. Brown's maiden name was Miss Martha Hougham, 
daughter of Jonathan Hougham, of Indiana, now deceased. 
There are six children now living, tAvo sons and four daughters. 
Frank Brown superintends the present homestead farm, and the 
other son, Elias, now Supervisor of Jackson township, resides 
on his own farm on section 22. Two of the daughters reside at 
home, and the other two are Mrs. Daniel Higgins, of Joliet, 
and Mrs. George W. Sharpe, of Nebraska. 



352 JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTOKT. 

EUas Brow7i, farmer, section 22, was born in Will county,. 
1851, and is the son of Ara Brown, one of the early settlers of 
the county. His mother's maiden name was Miss Martha 
Hougham, of Indiana. Mr. Brown owns one hundred and six 
acres of land on section 22, eighty-three acres being under culti- 
vation, and also owns seventy acres of pasture and timber land 
on section 17. In February, 1878, he married Miss Retta 
Mapps, daughter of T. A. Mapps, of Elwood, Illinois. In 1883^ 
Mr. Brown was elected Supervisor of Jackson township on the 
Democratic ticket, and re-elected in 1884. 

William Z. Broion, of the town of Jackson, has one hundred 
and sixty acres of land on section 15, where he resides with his 
family, and eighty acres on section 10. He is the son of John 
Brown, who came to Will county in 1834 from Onondaga, New 
York, and who married Miss Susan Zarley. William Z. Brown 
was born in Will county. May 11, 1843, and married Miss Susan 
Gonter, March 13, 1867. His family consists of five children. 

Joshua Bush, born in Chenango county, New York, Septem- 
ber 12, 1845, came to Will county with his parents in 1847, and 
located on section 31, in 1869. He was married January 1, 
1867, to Miss Margaret M., daughter of John Grant, born in 
Jackson township, October 30, 1847. Mr. Bush served in the- 
One Hundredth Illinois Infantry during the war, as shown in 
the Military Chapter. 

Kyran Breen, born in Ireland in 1830, settled in Will county 
in 1850, and was married here in 1858 to Miss Catherine Miney, 
daughter of Thomas Miney, an old settler of the county. His- 
farm on section 18 consists of three hundred acres, one hundred 
and fifty acres of which are under cultivation. 

Merritt 0. Cagiuin, born in Monroe county, N. Y., May 14,. 
1828, came with his parents to this county early in 1836. From 
1844 until 1853 he was engaged in various enterprises. In May, 
1853, he visited California; returned in 1854; commenced deal- 
ing in grain; built the Masonic block at Joliet in 1855, and in 
1858 purchased 1,000 acres of land in Wilton township, where 
he engaged in agriculture and stock-raising. In November, 
1864, he sold his Wilton estate and established his grain trade 
at Joliet; in 1866 he founded the regular grain market of Wil- 
mington; in 1869, that of Elwood, and in January, 1872, that 
of Braidwood. His official history with the districts where he 
has resided is given in the record of officers. He was married 
September 6, 1849, to Miss M. J. Wheeler, of Monroe county, 
N. Y., who died July 19, 1850. His marriage with Miss Maria 
Higginbotham took place January 9, 1852. 

G. E. Co'well, M. D., born in i3radford county, Pa., April 27, 
1843; enlisted in the 141st Pa. Inft. in 1862; received five wounds 
at Chancellorsville, and was discharged for disability at the close 
of 1863. He was married November 8, 1868, to M"iss Catherine 



JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 353^ 

M. Ferryman, born in Guernsey county, Ohio, August 16, 1843. 
In 1871 he graduated from Hahnemann Medical College, Chi- 
cago, and entered on the practice of his profession at Elwood 
the same year. 

Peter W. Corhin, born in Vermont, August 29, 1831, resided 
in California from 1851 to 1858, when he settled on his farm in 
section 30, Jackson. His marriage with Miss Sarah Hill, born 
in Vermont, January 12, 1834, took place February 19, 1861. 

Edward B. Grafts, born at Derby, Conn., January 13, 1814, 
settled on section 13, Jackson, in 1850-1. For many years he 
was engaged in the Merchant Marine service; was appointed 
captain in 1835; retired from service in 1846, and the same 
year (Oct. 9) was married to Miss Sarah N. Thompson, born in 
Green county, N. Y., November 21, 1813. 

Mary Blair, widow of George K. Blair, owns 59 acres in 
section 30, Jackson township, nearly all cultivated; was married 
to Mr. Blair in Wilmington, Will county in 1858; has a family 
of five daughters, all living. George K. Blair was born in 
Lancaster county, Pa., in 1831, and came to Will county in 
1856. He enlisted in the 100th Illinois Volunteers in 1862, and 
served till the close of the war. 

Matthew Cavenaugh owns 160 acres in section 33, Jackson 
township, about 70 acres under cultivation. Mr. Cavenaugh 
was born in Ireland and came to Will county in 1849. He was 
married in New York city in 1856 to Miss Mary Mahr, of New 
York; has a family of twelve children, seven sons and five- 
daughters, all living in this county. 

P. F. Dooley, born at Troy, N. Y., August 3, 1835, came to 
Chicago with his parents in 1838, and settled in Channahon town- 
ship the same year. In 1852 he went 'to California, where he 
was engaged in mining until 1861 when he returned. In 1864 
he visited Montana, mined at Alder Gulch and Last Chance 
until 1867 when he returned and settled on his farm in section 
10. Miss Sarah M. Brown, to whom he was married, March 21,. 
1864, was born here May 27, 1839. 

Joseph Eaton, farmer, controls 120 acres of land on section 
17, having under cultivation about 70 acres, the remainder being 
used as pasture and meadow land. His father is Daniel Eaton, 
of the same town, who came to the United States from County 
Antrim, Ireland, in 1853, lived in Kendall county a number of 
years, and settled in the town of Jackson in 1862. His mother 
was Mary McClintock Eaton, also a native of Ireland. Joseph 
Eaton was born in Ireland in 1849, and in 1875 was married to- 
Miss Emma Bell Crawford, daughter of Thomas Crawford and 
Alice Bell Crawford, of Kankakee county, 111. They have two 
children, one boy and one girl. 

Daniel Eaton, born in Antrim county, Ireland, September 
26, 1827, came to the United States in 1855, and settled on sec- 



354 JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTOKY. 

tion 10, Jackson, in 1862. Miss Mary McClintock, to whom he 
was married August 15, 1848, was born in the same county 
November 8, 1839. 

Eobeii, Eaton, farmer and stock raiser, controls one-hundred 
acres, of which eighty acres are on section 9, twenty acres on 
section 4; forty-five acres are under cultivation, the remainder 
is pasture and meadow land; he lives on section 9. He was 
born in Kendall county, Illinois, November 2, 185T, and is the 
son of Daniel Eaton, who came to this country from county 
Antrim, Ireland, in 1853, and Mary McClintock Eaton, also a 
native of Ireland. Robert Eaton married February 8, 1883, 
Miss Julia Young, daughter of Sheldon Young, who came to 
Will county in 1838, and Eliza Hougham Young. They have 
one child, John. Mrs. Eaton was born in Jackson. 

Adalbert Eib, farmer and stock raiser, section 17, town of 
Jackson, is a son of Augustus Eib, who came to "Will county in 
1833, and his mother was Jane Evans Eib. He controls about 
forty acres on section IT, and twenty acres on section 19. Fifty- 
five and one-half acres are cultivated. He lives on section 17. On 
October 10, 1877, he married MissEebecca Grimpe, daughter 
of Henry Grimpe, a native of Hanover, Germany, born in 1826, 
who came to the United States in 1852. Her mother's maiden 
name was Mahaley Hougham, daughter of Jonathan Hougham 
of Indiana. Mrs. Adalbert Eib was born in Kankakee county 
in 1854. They have three children, Lottie, Herbert, and Jennie. 

Peter Eib, farmer, was born in Will county October 5, 1855. 
His father, Augustus Eib, came to Will county in 1833. His 
mother^s maiden name was Jane Evans. Both father and 
mother are still living in Jackson. Peter Eib controls forty 
acres on section 19, having twenty acres under cultivation. He 
was married February 27, 1879, to Miss Emma Hougham, 
daughter of Jonathan Hougham, of Joliet, born in Ohio Jan- 
Tiary 26, 1818. Her mother's maiden name was Martha Will- 
iams, born in Virginia February 18, 1825. Mrs. Eib was born 
in Iowa December 6, 1857. They have one child living, Jessie. 
Two sons, Jonathan and Orville, are dead. 

George Eib, born in Harrison county. West Virginia, March 
17, 1816, settled with his father on section 7, Jackson township, 
in 1833. He married Miss Mary A. Zumalt of Adams county, 
Indiana. Peter Eib, his father, died in this township; his 
mother died in Ohio. 

Fred Fritz controls 160 acres in section 28, Jackson town- 
ship, 125 acres under cultivation. Was born in Cxermany in 
1834 and came to Will county in 1865; was married in Joliet in 
1869 to Miss Lina Hackey, daughter of John Hackey. Has 
a family of four sons and one daughter living. Mr. Fritz en- 
listed in the 29th Wisconsin Volunteers in 1862 and served 
three years. 



.TACKSOX TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 355 

Freeman Gay, born in Franklin county, Maine, August 9, 
1817, settled on Hickory creek in 1845; joined in the California 
stampede in 1850, and returning in 1851, located his farm in 
this township. He was married to Miss Augusta Gay, born in 
Kennebec county, August 3, 1830. 

Seth Gihler, born in Scioto county, Ohio, April 2, 1839; 
settled here in 1853. In 18G0, he and W. Z. Brown, engaged in 
farming; early in 1863 he located his farm on section 10; he 
was married February 11, 18G2 to Miss Mary Brown, born here 
February 11, 1842. 

W. W. Gifford, born in Chautauqua county, New York, 
March 4, 1844, settled with his parents in Grundy county in 
1846; in Kendall county in 1855, and in Will county in 1872, 
when he and his father engaged in merchandising at Elwood. 
Miss Lydia Bryan, to whom he was married September 24, 1867, 
was born in Stark county, Ohio, May 12, 1845. Mr. Gifford 
enlisted in the 36th Hlinois Infantry in 1861, was wounded at 
Chickamauga and discharged for disability. 

Edson Gifford, born in AVashington county, New York, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1820; settled in Grundy county in 1846; opened his 
store at Morris in 1855 which he conducted until 1872, when he 
established his general store at Elwood. His first wife. Miss 
Lydia Whipple of New York, died in Grundy county; his 
present wife, Mrs. Harriet Kendall is a daughter of one of the 
pioneers of Kendall county. 

G. P. Giirney, born in Gloscestershire, England, July 2, 
1832; settled at Joliet in 1844, in Channahon in 1845, afterwards 
resided in Grundy county and in other townships of Will 
county until 1867 when he located his farm in section 36. He 
was married to Miss Elizabeth Brighton of Liverpool, England, 
February 26, 1857. 

Jolin Grant, born in Scotland, March 12, 1816; settled on 
section 31, Jackson county, in 183'J, a few years after his 
arrival in this country; died September 12, 1854. His first 
wife. Miss Eosanna Lamping, born in New York, February 18, 
1821; died April 16, 1843. In March, 1844 he married Miss 
Adeline (Frazer) Kelley, who settled in Wesley township, in 
1834. 

Tlie J. M. Grant cf- Co. Tile and Brick Manufnctorii, 
located at Elwood, was established in March, 1883, under the 
firm name of Grant, Bridge & Co. The present firm succeeded 
to the business in September, 1883, by the withdrawal of Mr. 
Bridge. The annual output of this company amounts to over 
one half million tile, giving employment to eighteen or twenty 
men the year round. Messrs. Grant & Co. have superior facili- 
ties for the manufacture of tlie best grade of tile and brick, 
having an almost inexhaustible supply of the best quality of 
blue clay on their premises, new and improved machinery, etc. 



356 JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

They are at present unable to meet the constantly increasing 
demand made upon them for their goods, and contemplate 
enlarging their facilities in the near future. 

Mrs. MaJiala Grimpe owns thirty-five acres in section 19, 
Jackson township, about twenty-four acres under cultivation; 
was born in Fayette county, Indiana, in 1843; has two children 
living in this county, Mr. John H. Grimpe and Miss Nancy L. 
Grimpe. 

J. L. Harley, born in Washington county, Virginia, March 
20, 1830, settled in Jackson township in 1856. In 1852 he went 
to California (from Carroll county, Indiana), where he was 
engaged in the mines until 1856. Miss Ellen Turpie, to whom 
he was married October 28, 1859, was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
October 11, 1833. They are the parents of nine children. 

Bruce Harley controls eighty acres in section 33, all under 
cultivation. Mr. Harley was born in this county, near his 
present homestead, in 1858. He was married in Jackson town- 
ship, in 1879, to Miss Maria Meyers, daughter of Jacob Meyers, 
of this county. 

John Hihner owns five hundred acres in sections 5, G, 8, and 
10, nearly all under cultivation; was born in Guernsey county, 
Ohio, in 1804, and came to Will county in 1848; was married 
in Richland county, Ohio, in 1837, to Miss Nancy Kurtz, 
daughter of Christopher Kurtz, of York county, Pennsylvania; 
has a family of seven sons and five daughters living. 

Cyrus Hemphill, born in Jackson township, March 14, 1837, 
son of James Hemphill, a pioneer of the county; was married 
March 14, 1861, to Miss Eliza Linebarger, also born in this 
township, October 7, 1840. 

James Hemphill, born in Adams county, Ohio, January 24, 
1803; settled in Jackson in 1831, died September 6, 1863. His 
wife, Mrs. Rachel (Porter) Hemphill, died October 11, 1872, 
aged 64 years. 

David C. Hemphill ownes 152 acres in section 25, Channahon 
township; 100 acres under cultivation. Was born in Adams 
county, Ohio, in 1830 and came to Will county in 1834. Was 
married in Joliet in 1856 to Miss Hannah Russell, daughter of 
Ezra Russell of this county. Has a family of eight children, 
six sons and two daughters, 

Alonzo Hemphill, son of James P. Hemphill, was born in 
Will county in 1862; was married in Joliet in January, 1883 to 
Miss Anne Lichtenwalter, daughter of William Lichtenwalter 
of this county. 

James P. Hemphill ownes 183 acres in sections 19 and 20; 
about 117 acres are under cultivation. Was born in Adams 
county, Ohio in 1830 and came to Will county in 1834. Was 
married in Joliet in 1855 to Miss Nancy Nott, daughter of 



JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 357 

Koswell Nott. Has a family of eight children, three sons and 
five daughters, all living. 

Chauncy Hess controls 80 acres in section 30, all under cul- 
tivation; was born in Channahon, this county, in 1853 and 
removed to his present homstead in the spring of 1884; was 
married in Joliet in January, 1884 to Miss Allie Hemphill, 
daughter of James P. Hemphill of this county. 

Michael Hurlburt, born in Ireland in 1832; came to the 
United States in 1856, to Illinois in 1858; and settled in Jackson 
township about four years ago, where he owns a farm on section 
34. His marriage with Miss Bridget Casey of Grundy county 
.took place in 1859. 

Henry M. Johnston owns 164 acres on section 17; he came to 
Cook county (now Will county), in 1834 with his father Smith 
C. H. Johnston, now deceased, and rest of family, from Onon- 
daga, New York. His mother was Harriet Palmer Johnston, 
also deceased. Henry M. Johnston was married to Miss Salome 
Petteys, daughter of Valentine Petteys and Eliza Young Petteys; 
they have nine children living, two being dead; there are four 
boys, viz: Julius S., farming in Jackson; Frank, Ernest and 
Elvis. The daughters are Eliza, now Mrs. Hiram McAllister of 
Jackson; Alice L. who has charge of District School No. 2, 
Jackson; and Hattie, Ella and Maud. 

John Keigher controls 60 acres in section 19, Jackson town- 
ship, about 40 acres under cultivation; is the son of the late 
John Keigher, and was born in Wilmington, Will county in 1861. 

George Kelly, farmer and stock raiser, controls 150 acres on 
section 16, Jackson, and has under cultivation 55 acres; the 
remainder he uses for pasture and meadow, less some extent of 
timber land. He was born in Ohio, August 13, 1855, and came 
to Will county in September, 1869, with his parents, David 
Kelly, now living in Kankakee county, and Sarah Paulhamus 
Kelly. He was married January 1, 1884, to Miss Clara J. Grove, 
daughter of Solomon Grove of Jackson, and Catherine Long 
Grove. 

W. F. Keith, born in Lewis county, New York, August 11, 
1827; settled at Naperville in 1855; came to Joliet in 1857; en- 
listed in the 19th lUmois Infantry, from Lockport, in 1861; was 
discharged for disability in 1862, and returning, opened a 
general store at Elwood, the only store there for four years 
succeeding its establishment. He was first clerk of the village, 
a member of the Board for almost a decade, and supervisor of 
Jackson. Mr. Keith was married to Mrs Hannah Leverich of 
Naperville, July 17, 1866. 

James Klingler controls 100 acres in section 25, nearly all 
under cultivation; was born in Centre county, Pennsylvania in 
1848 and came to Will county in 1867; was married in Jackson 
township in 1873 to Miss Mary Pohlman, daughter of William 



358 JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

Pohlman of this county; has one child living, Coy, born June 
6, 1884, and Miss Vernie, born January 27, 1824, died March 30, 
1884. 

William Kreimeier, a native of Prussia, came to the United 
States in 1849; settled in Will county in 1856, and located his 
farm in Jackson in 1869. He was married at Little York, 
Pennsylvania, to Miss Mary Pohlman, a native of Prussia, 
March, 26, 1854. 

Cicero Kyrh, son of Edward and Mary Kyrk of Orange 
county. New York, was born in Jackson, December 1, 1847; 
married Miss Artha A., daughter of Andrew Houghton, De- 
cember 25, 1873, and is now a resident of Kansas (see Pioneer 
History). Denis Kyrk, present clerk of Elwood village is the 
only male representative of this pioneer family now in the 
county. 

George Linelarger, born at Lincoln, North Carolina, June 
6, 1810; settled at Jackson in 1832 as shown in the Pioneer 
llistory. He was married to Miss Susannah Beard, of Park 
county, Indiana, February 9, 1832 (a few months previous to 
his settlement here), who died in 1854. Mr. Linebarger re- 
turned to Indiana in May, but after the Black Hawk scare 
subsided resumed possession of his original claim here in Sep- 
tember, 1832. 

John Lineharger, born at Lincoln, North Carolina, November 
4, 1812; visited Jackson Grove in 1832 and came to settle in the 
county in 1850, where he remained until 1868, when he established 
liis grain trade at Elwood. He was married February 12, 1835, 
to Miss Nancy Stone, of Ohio, who died near Wilmington, July 
2, 1847. His marriage with Miss S. C. Linton took place Feb- 
ruary 27, 1848. 

A. J. Lineharger, born in Jackson, January 7, 1834, son of 
George Linebarger; purchased his farm on section 20, in 1856, and 
was married to Miss Eliza Phillips, April 30, that year. This 
lady was born in Germany, January 1, 1834. (See County and 
Local History). 

J. J. Lichtenw alter, born in Stark county, Ohio, August 27, 
1829, settled at Elwood in 1868, where he opened a grocery and 
drug store; in 1871 he was appointed agent for the Canton Iron 
Bridge Company, and dealt extensively throughout tlie Western 
States; subsequently he established his lumber trade at Elwood, 
and in 1877 established his grain warehouse. 

Joliii Mead, born in Saratoga county. New York, August 15, 
1798; settled in Will county in 1855; sold his farm tAventy 
years later, and located in Elwood village. He was married to 
Mrs. Betsy (Luce) Cagwell, who died here April 11, 1866. In 
April, 1867, he married Mrs. Nancy Cox. 

Henry C. Miller, farmer and stock-raiser; owns one hundred 
and sixty acres of land on Section 15, about one hundred 



JACKSON TOWTSTSHIP HISTORY. 359" 

acres of which is under cultivation, and the balance pasture and 
timber land. His father was John N. Miller, of Plattsburg, 
New York, who came to Will county in 1836, and his mother 
was Phoebe Brown Miller. On March 20, 18T3, Mr. M. married 
Miss Mary Roland, daughter of Edward Roland and Mary 
Maher Roland. Mr. and Mrs. Miller have a family of six chil- 
dren. 

William F. More, born in Channahcn township March 6, 
1841; settled on Section 34, Jackson, March '^9, 18G4. He was- 
married November '-^0, 18C2, to Miss Mary Schoemaker, of 
Rochester, New York, who died July 29, 18GG. In May, 18T2, 
he married Miss Almira Spencer, a native of Troy township. 

WiUiam. R. Morgan, son of Moses and Eliza Ann (Storrs) 
Morgan, a native of St. Lawrence county, New York; settled in 
Kendall county with parents in 1849; came to Will county in 
1853, and located near Elwood (on Section 31) in 1855. He 
was married to Miss M. Ellenwood, of St. Lawrence county, 
New York, December 27, 1876. 

Michael Moyer, born in Lebanon county, Pennsylvania, 
July 10, 1803: settled on section 22, Jackson, in 1855. He was 
married in April, 1828, to Miss Sarah Erb, of Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania. Henry, George L., and Michael are his sons. 

Moses Morgan, born in Vermont, August 11, 1815; wiis 
married to Miss Eliza Ann Storrs, of Quebec, Canada, January 
9, 1840: settled in Kendall county with his family 1849, and 
moved to Jackson township in 1855. His death occurred 
August 20, 1877. Sidney Moyer, now of Jackson, is a son of 
the late Moses Morgan. 

WiUiam Morse, born in Vermont in 1826; came to Will 
county in 1855. He served in the One Hundredth Illinois 
Infantry during the war; Avas wounded and honorably dis- 
charged. He was justice of the peace for a joeriod of ten years 
in Jackson township, where he owns a small farm on section 18. 

WiUiam Nicliolson, born at Cambridge, N. Y., March 26, 
1838, was educated at the University of Troy, Y. Y., came to 
Jackson township in 1865, where he was engaged in farming 
until 1868, when, with George A. Pearson, he established the 
first hardware store in Elwood. He purchased Pearson's interest; 
his store and stock were destroyed in the fire of May, 1874; but 
resumed business in June following, and in October of that year 
opened his brick store, which he conducted until March, 1884, 
when he visited Kansas. He married Miss C. E. Benedict, of 
Dalton, Mass., October 12, 1863. 

Ervin R. Noel, was born in Jackson, Will county, September 
25, 1857, and is the son of Gabriel Noel. His mother's maiden 
name was Elizabeth Zarley, sister of Calneh Zarley, of Joliet. 
He controls 160^ acres on section 16, owned by Mrs. Kyrk, of 
Elwood, about fifty-five acres of which is under cultivation, the 



360 JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

remainder being pasture meadow and timber land. On February 
18, 1880. Mr. Noel married Miss Addie Gonter, daughter of 
Michael Gonter, and Mary Comstock Gonter, formerly of Jack- 
son, but now residing in Kansas. 

Albert E. Noel, is a son of Gabriel Noel, who settled in 
Jackson township in 1855, and Elizabeth Zarley Noel. He was 
married to Miss Nellie Boylan, August 29, 1877, daughter of R. 
J. Boylan, who settled in Will county in 1834, and Margaret 
Frier Boylan. He cultivates 110 acres on section 14. 

Gabriel Noel, section 9, was born in Ohio in 1831 and settled 
in Will county on his present homestead in 1855. He has 220 
acres of land, about 190 of which are under cultivation. In 
1854 Mr. Noel married Miss Elizabeth Zarley, sister of Calneh 
Zarley, Esq., of Joliet. He has a family of seven children. 
Two of his sons are married. He has served as road commis- 
sioner nine years, and as school trustee about six years. 

Jacob Palmer, born in Virginia, February 10, 1792, settled 
on section 11, Jackson, in 1871. Jacob Palmer, Jr., born in 
Stark county, Ohio, August 13, 1824, settled on section 12, 
Jackson township, in 1857. Miss Eliza Bucher, to whom he 
was married March 11, 1847, was born in Stark county, Ohio, 
May 3, 1830. 

Andreiu P. Peterson controls 240 acres in section 24, all 
under cultivation. Was born in Sweden in 1841, and came to 
Will county in 1872. Was married in this county in 1877, to 
Miss Amanda Gockley, daughter of Abraham Gockley, of this 
county. Has a family of one son and three daughters, living in 
this county. 

Willia'in Pohlman, born in Prussia, May 16, 1828, came to 
America in 1844, settled in Jackson township in 1855, and on 
his farm in section 36, in 1868. Miss A. Harming, to whom he 
was married February 3, 1853, was born in Prussia, in 1836. 

Daniel Richards, born in Herkimer county, N. Y., August 4, 
1826, settled at Joliet in 1853, and on section 1, Jackson town- 
ship, in 1857. Miss Elmira Cooley, to whom he was married 
December 10, 1848, was born in Onondaga county, N. Y., June 
22, 1828. 

Phili'p Sliaafer is a native of Pennsylvania, where he was born 
February, 28, 1862, and located in Will county with his mother 
and two sisters in 1874. He controls forty acres on section 22. 
AVhen he first came to Will county he settled in Manhattan 
township, and in 1882 moved to Jackson township. His father 
was George Shaafer, who died January 11, 1868. His mother, 
with whom he now resides, was Miss Kate Mersinger, daughter 
of John Mersinger, born in Germany, November 3, 1798, and 
who came to this country in 1836, and settled in Potter town- 
ship. Centre county, Penn. Mrs. Shaafer's mother was Miss 



JACKSON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 361 

Jeanette "Weidman, born in Germany, December 10, 1799. 
Another two daughters are Mary E. and Jeanette E. Shaafer. 

Henry Snoad, born in Kent county, England, September 26, 
1819, settled in Tioga county, Pennsylvania, in 1841; at Plain- 
field, Will county, Illinois, in 1845; at Joliet in 1848; in Kan- 
kakee county in 1849, and in Jackson township in 1853, where 
he was engaged in agriculture until 1867, when he entered the 
general merchandise trade at Elwood. He has held the posi- 
tions of agent for the Chicago & Alton Eailroad Company, 
post-master, justice of the peace and town clerk. 

Robert Spafford, born in Ontario, Canada, September 30, 
1823, settled on his farm in Jackson township in 1848. In 1860 
he was appointed railroad agent at Elwood, which position he 
held until 1868, when he took the position of clerk in a general 
store. In 1872 he was appointed post-master, which office he 
now fills. 

WiUiam Speese has under cultivation on section 15, one 
hundred and ten acres. He was born in Union county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1859, and is the son of Henry R. Speese, who died 
in Pennsylvania in 1868, and Sarah Hoover Speese, now living 
in Mifflinburg, Union county, Pennsylvania. Mr, Speese was 
married in Pennsylvania in 1880 to Miss Minnie Beichler, of 
Union county in that state, daughter of William Beichler, de- 
ceased, and Elizabeth Yohn Beichler. In 1882 he located in 
Will county, and has two children, a boy and a girl. 

Wm. Stoner controls 160 acres in section 33. About 153 
under cultivation. Was born in Centre county, Pennsylvania, 
in 1857, and came to Will county in 1877. Was married in 
Joliet in 1881 to Miss Julia Lingle, daughter of Henry Lingle 
of Joliet. Has a family of one son and one daughter, living 
in this county. 

William H. Smith ownes 200 acres in sections 33 and 34, 
Jackson township; was born in Jefferson county, New York in 
1842 and removed to Grundy county, Illinois in 1854; came to 
this county in 1882; was married in Grundy county Illinois in 
1870 to Miss Libby Van Dolsan, daughter of John T. Van Dol- 
san of Grundy county. 

Henry Sjmngler. — See Joliet city. 

Thomas Tai't, born in the Shetland Islands, September 23, 
1830, came to the United States in July, 1838; to Will county 
in 1841; visited Canada; returned in 1846 and located in Homer 
township. In 1848 he settled with his father at Joliet; pur- 
chased his farm on section 2, Jackson, in 1851 and has resided 
there since 1858. Miss Catharine A. Shutts, to whom he was 
married in 1858, was born in Columbia county, New York, Sep- 
tember 19, 1840. 

John Welsh controls 420 acres in section 24; 130 acres under 
cultivation. Mr. Welsh was born in Ireland and came to Will 



362 PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

county, 1878; was married in Joliet in 1862 to Miss Mary Mc- 
Cauley, daughter of John D. McCauley of this county; he has 
a family of four sons and one daughter. 

W. R. Winter owns 103 acres in section 18, Jackson town- 
ship; about 60 acres under cultivation; was born in Louisana 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1839 and came to Will county in 1858; 
was married in JacJison township in 1859 to Miss Ellen R. 
Morse, daughter of Ira F. Morse of this county. Mr. Winter 
enlisted in the 100th Illinois Volunteer Regiment in 1862 and 
served three years. 

William W. Wood, born in St. Lawrence county. New York, 
July 11, 1835; settled in Will county in 1865. Miss E. C. 
Edgerton to whom he was married October, 1861, was born in 
the same county, April 16, 1837. 

Peter Yorgenson controls 80 acres in section 23, Jackson 
township; 75 acres under cultivation; was born in Denmark in 
1855 and came to Will county in 1871; was married in Jackson 
township in 1882 to Miss Christina Krustenson. 

George Yorgenson controls 100 acres in section 28, all under 
cultivation; was born in Denmark in 1848 and came to Will 
county in 1869; was married in Chicago in 1873 to Miss Maria 
K. Bendictson; has a family of six children, all living in tiiis 
county. 

Slieldmi Young, farmer and stock raiser, owns 112 acres of 
land, of which 26^ acres are on section 8, 79^ acres on section 9 
and 6^ acres on section 17; about 80 acres are under cultivation, 
the balance is meadow, pasture and timber land. He came to 
Will county with his brother John Young, from Montgomery 
county, Xew York in 1838 and is the son of Philip Young. 
John Young died in Missouri. Sheldon Young was born in 
1820, and married in 1842 to Miss Eliza Hougham, daughter of 
Jonathan Hougham, of Port county, Indiana. They have a 
family of eight children living, three sons and five daughters; 
two of the sons are married, one living in Iowa and the other in 
Washington Territory. The daughters are all married; two of 
them, Mrs. Levi H. Eib and Mrs. Frank Pierce, residing in 
Nebraska; Mrs. E. D. Williams lives in Iowa and Mrs Robert 
Eaton and Mrs. Marion Palmer reside in this township. 

PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP. 

Plainfield Precinct laid off in 1836 included Troy township. 
In April, 1850, Plainfield was set apart under the old name and 
a township government organized. The supervisors of the town 
since 1850 are named as follows: L. Hamlin, 1850; J. Ballard, 
1851; A. Culver, 1852; L. Hamlin, 1853; Cyrus Ashley, 1854; 
Winthrop Wright, 1855-56; A. Culver, 1857; D. Vandersoll, 
1858; A. Culver, 1859; Winthrop Wright, 1860; W. P. Caton, 
1861-68; A. McCloskey, 1869-76; Hervey Stratton, 1877-83; 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 363 

Alexander McCloskey, 1883. The officers for 1884 are Alexan- 
der McCloskey, supervisor; W. P. Hall, township clerk; W. D. 
Pike, assessor; J. E. Bishop, collector: J. S. Smith, highway 
commissioner. The population of the township in 1880 was 
1,713, of which number 686 were residents of Plainfield village. 
In the list of settlers at the time of the Sac War the names of 
all who were then in the vicinity of Fort Beggs are given. Here 
a list of all the early settlers is given: Vetel Vermette, 1825: 
Eev. Stephen E. Beggs, 1831: Eev. Jesse Walker, 1829; John 
Fish and Weed, 1829; James Walker, 1829; Timothy B. Clark, 
1830: Thomas R. Covell, 1830; Reuben Flagg, 1830; John 
Cooper, 1830; Jedediah Wooley, Sr., 1830; B. B. Clark, 1830; 
James Gibson, 1830; J. E. Matthews, 1831. Watkins, the 
school-teacher, located here in 1831 previous to his removal to 
Hickory Creek settlement or ISew Lenox. The arrivals in 1832 
included David Smith, Chester Smith, Ralph Smith, John 
Shutliff, Paul Kingston, John Bill, John Wilson. In 1833-1 
the following named settlers came in: A\\a, Cnlver, Chester 
Ingersoll, Oliver Goss, Benjamin Richardson, Sereno Culver, 
Miles Royce, Leonard Moore, Edmund Reed, Ezra Goodline, 
Hardy Metcalf, Robert W. Chapman, Jason Flanders, Thomas 
Rickey, Benjamin Shutliff, Louis Lauson, W. W. Wattles, 
William Bradford, John Kellogg, Squire Arnold, Rev. Alfred 
Greenwood, Thomas J. Lang, Alfred B. Hubbard, William 
Sanborn, James Mather, Benjamin Highland, Andrew Carrier, 
N. C. Clarke, preacher, Dudley Beckworth. Between 1835 
and 1837 many, whose names follow, made permanent settle- 
ments in the township, while others sought out other districts 
of the county for their homes: James R. Ashley, R. B. Ashley, 
Cyrus Ashley, Fenner Aldrich, Levi C. Aldrich, George 
Wightman, AVilliam E. Morgan, Morgan Ashley, Dr. Charles 
N, Dyer, J. E. Ambrose, Myron Pearsons, Bela Luce, Isaac 
Foster, preacher, Alonzo Ray, S. S, Pratt, Winthrop Wright, 
A. J. Corbin, doctor, David Rositter, A. J. and R. D. Hatch, 
Samuel Goodspeed, George Burrell, Dudley Beckwith, Hugh 
Alexander, S. B. Tyler, Lorin Burdick. In addition to the 
pioneers whose names appear above, the following list of pioneers 
and old settlers is given. It contains a few names of men who 
made only a short stay here, pending the selection of lands in 
other towns as well as many of those who made the township 
their homes and aided in its progress: 

Bennett, George . . 1855 Corbin, Eliliu 1852 Caswell, Wallace B1844 

Burdick, Lorin. . .1830 Dranden, John 1858 Foster, Lyman 1844 

Cropsey, Dan. W.1846 Evansfamilv 1835 Ins^erson, A. A.. . .18:39 

Conant, A. E 1854 Evans, M. H 1835 Flanders, Jason. . . 1833 

Culver, Daniel 1834 Flags;, Reuben 1830 Hamlin, N. S 1841 

Culver, Sereno .... 1834 "Flagg, Wm. H. . . . 1841 Hahn, J. D 1847 

Miller, Horace 1834 Eraser, — ., Sr 1846 Hemstreet, Alonzol837 

Chittenden, G. N. .1853 Eraser, H. R 1846 Sargent, Sam'l 1834 



364 PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

Hagar, Jonathan. . 1834 Bates, E. S 1853 Webb, R. D 1851 

Bell, John 1834 Sennitt, John 1857 Wood, E. J 1845 

Jordan, Allen 1847 Frazier, John A. . . 1849 Wright, R. B 1837 

Frazier, S. B 1847 Corbin, O J 1836 Cotton, Aug. B. . .1841 

McCreeiy. L. W. . 1857 Searles, D. C 1850 Cotton, Wm 1841 

Tonner, Wm. . . . ;1846 Goss, — 1833 Wight, Dr. E. G. 

McCreery, Jos. . . .1845 Smith, Geo. Y. . . .1851 (Naperville 1831)1847 

Frasier, Rob't 1847 Amend, Andrew. .1850 Keen, Wm. S 1841 

Mottinger, John . . Sunderland, Noah. 1850 Norton, H. S 1839 

Corwin, Nathan. . . 1848 Tyler, S. B 1835 Metcalf, S. W. . . .1835 

Pratt, S. S 1835 Van Horn, C. G. . 1840 Metcalf, Hardy. . . 1835 

Robinson, Stephen 1833 Van Horn, John. . 1843 

Royce, Miles 1834 Searles, Amos 1861 

The part taken by Plainfield in the Sac War is fully told in the 
military history. Samantha E. Flagg, daughter of Eeuben 
Flagg, was born September 9, 1830. Albert Clark died in 1831. 
Miss Watkins and James Turner were married in 1832. In the 
winter of 1833-4 school was taught in the first school-house, 
built the previous fall. Reverend Jesse Walker and Captain 
James Walker erected the first dwellings in 1839. The Walker 
Mills were built soon after, and in 1 833 a post-office was estab- 
lished with James Walker, postmaster. Chester Ingersoll and 
'Squire Arnold platted the village in 1834. In 1836 the first 
house of worship was erected by the Methodists, and their 
example was followed by the Baptist the same year. In 1833 
Blacksmith Shutliff opened his shops. Doctor E. G. Wight, 
of Naperville, was physician in 1831, and Doctor C. V. Dyer, 
resident physician in 1835. Matthews built a mill north of 
Plainfield village shortly after his arrival. John Bill was a 
wagon-maker, and built a shop here in 1834. In 1835 J. E. 
Matthews built his mill in the township, locating it at Walker's 
grove, just then named Plainfield. On June 22, 1884, Post- 
master Pennit completed his twenty-fourth year as incumbent 
of the Plainfield office. 

Plainfield Village was laid out in 1834 by Chester Ingersoll, 
while North Plainfield was platted the same year by 'Squire 
Arnold. Twenty years later Elihu Corbin platted one hundred 
acres. At that time the Walker log house was the only build- 
ing on the plat. Chester Ingersoll added his dwelling in 1834. 
Arnold added a tavern; Fenner Aldrich opened another, and 
these, with the Walker tavern, contributed to render Plainfield 
a most agreeable stopping place. Bill's wagon-shop was well 
occupied: on the second floor Samuel Sargent and Jonathan 
Hagar opened their pioneer store, waiting until 1835 to build 
their business house. In 1837 the second school building of 
the township was erected in North Plainfield. This was used 
until its destruction by fire in 1847, when the present house was 
erected. In 1851 the school-house of South Plainfield was 
built. The same year the Northwestern Evangelical College 
buildings were erected, at a cost of $10,000. Bishop Esher 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 365 

was the founder of this educational institution; A. A. Smith 
was president. The importance of the college is established by 
the fact that an average attendance of 108 students marked its 
progress up to 1869, when the classes were moved to Naperville. 
In 1871 it was reopened by the Congregationalists, as the Fox 
Eiver Union college, but was not continued beyond a few 
months. In 1872 Mrs. J. D. Field opened it as the Plainfield 
Academy, and carried on a good school there until 1873, when 
the buildings were burned. 

The village was incorporated February 23, 1861. In 1869 
the act was so amended as to embrace North and South Plain- 
field. Under these acts the local government was carried on 
until 1877, when the village was organized under the general 
organic law. The first board of trustees were J. McAlister, 
George N. Chittenden, Robert Webb, Jonathan Hagar, and 
John D. Shreffler. The public affairs of the village are con- 
ducted on very honorable principles, the trustees being men wha 
have the interests of the people fully at heart. The Plainfield 
Advei'tiser is the present journal of the township. 

Methodist Episcopal Churcli, was founded by Rev. J. Walker 
in 1830, when a class was formed with the following named 
members: 

Jesse Walker and Susannah, his wife, James Walker and wife, 
— Fish and wife, T. B. Clark and wife, — Weed and wife and 
Mrs. Gilson. As the fruit of a camp-meeting five or six more 
names were added to the list before the close of the year. 

The following men have been pastors at Plainfield, though 
previous to 1848 they had other appointments in connection 
with it: 

Rev. Jesse Walker, Rev. S. R. Beggs, who organized the first 
Methodist class in Chicago, and who is still living in the township, 
M. Turner, David Blackwell, W. S. Crissey and A. Chenoweth, 
Elihu Springer and S. K. Lemon, Rufus Lumery and H. Had- 
ley, Wesley Bachelor and R. R. Wood, Henry Minard, S. F. 
Denning, S. R. Beggs and John Hunter, Levi Jenks and J. W. 
Burton, John Agard and W. B. Atkinson, A. Wolliscraft and 
James Leconby, J. C. Stoughton, S. Stover, David Cassidy, 0. 
A. Walker and M. L. Reed, S. A. W. Jewett, Robert Beatty, 
A. AV. Paige, R. K. Bibbins, Macreading, I. Linebarger, M. C. 
Smith, G. R. Vanhorne, E. AV. Adams, S. AA^ashburne, J. AV. 
Phelps, J. B. McGuffin, S. Earngey, and the present incumbent 
E. C. Arnold. 

The last report to the Annual Conference returned 232 mem- 
bers and the church property Avas valued at $13,000. The pres- 
ent church edifice is the third that this church has built and 
used. It is a fine stone structure with auditorium capable of 
seating 400 persons. 

In 1880 this church celebrated its semi-centennial with a 



366 PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

Jubilee meeting of three days duration, and several of its early 
and more recent pastors were present and participated in the 
exercises. 

In 1836 this society erected the first house of worship in the 
town. In 1854 the church here was consolidated with the soci- 
ety at Lockport. In 1868, after a separate station was formed, 
the present house of worship was erected at a cost of $22,000. 
It was built of Plainfield stone. 

Ba])tist Cliurcli was organized by Rev. J. E, Ambrose, Octo- 
ber 16, 1834, with the following members: — Leonard Moore, 
Elizabeth Moore, Thomas Eickey and wife, Rebecca Carmon, 
and Alfred B. Hubbard, In 1836 the first house of worship 
was erected, and continued in use until 1857, when the present 
church was built at a cost approximating 1^5,000. 

Congregational Church was organized by Rev. N. C. Clark 
in September, 1834, with James Mather and wife, Ezra Good- 
hue and wife, Andrew Carrier and wife and Oliver Goss and 
wife. The total absti nance resolution formed a characteristic 
of this society. During the winter of 1835-6 the Methodists, 
Baptists and Congregationalists joined in revival services, after 
which, the church as constituted in 1834 ceased. In the summer 
of 1836 a Presbyterian society was organized by Rev. IS'. Gould, 
which continued until March 14, 1843, wben the Congregational 
form of government was re-adopted by the following members: 
Ezra Goodhue. Martha Goodhue, Catharine G. Hagar, Martha 
Jane Goodhue, Jonathan Hagar, Andrew Johnson, D., Laura 
Johnson, D.,, Sarah G. Royce, Ada Royce, Juliette Olmsted, D., 
Maria Morgan, Wealthv Beckwith, Phebe Pettingell, Marietta 
Foster, Ex. Rev. Isaac Foster, 1836, Rev. E. G. Howe, 1841, 
and Rev. E, E. Wells, 1842, were the pastors during the earlier 
vears of this society. E. W. Champlin was pastor in 1843; 
Daniel Chapman in 1845; D. R. Miller, 1854, and W. D. Webb, 
1854: Timothy Lyman in 1859; Josiah A. Mack in 1862; Daniel 
Clark in 1866; Norman A. Millard, Edward Ebbs, A. E. Alla- 
ben, and Rev. Lyman S. Keen, the present pastor. The mem- 
bership is 86, with property valued at 13,000. 

Evangelical Society was formed about 1851, and a house of 
worship erected in 1855, at a cost of $3,000. Here the North- 
western college was established in 1851, and conducted under 
the auspices of this church until 1869. 

Tile FactoYij. — This is one of the manufacturing industries 
of the township. The Plainfield Tile Company was organized 
in May, 1883, with William Lascom, president; A. G. Brown, 
secretary; and C. G. Frazier, treasurer. The capacity is about 
1,000,000 tiles annually — giving employment to from twelve to 
fifteen men yearly. They have invested in building, machinery, 
etc., nearly 110,000. 

Tax-Payers of Plainfield Toivnshi]).— For the following list 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



367 



the post-office address is Plainfield, with very few exceptions, 
which are noted. 



Abel, Aug., 31 
Annis, Matilda 
Anglemere, E. 
Amoa, Lucius, 24 
Arbiter, Charles, 32 
Ashley, Cyrus 
Ashley, R. B. 
Ashley, J. R. 
Asher, John 
Aspel, John 
Ashley, R., 10 
Ashley, Abigail 
Austin, C. T. E., 8 
Austin, F. E. 
Austin, Charles 
Aultman, Cornelius, 10, 

Canton, Ohio. 
Bartholp, Gillian 
Barber, D. N. 
Bangs, R. W. 
Bartlett, R. T., 10 
Bartlet. Dewan 
Beckwith, Albert, 23 
Beebe, Frank 
Beggs, James W. 
Beggs, S. R., 15 
Beggs, James 
Belmont, Fannie 
Bedford, John, 28 
Beebe, A. 
Beckwith, A. S. 
Bennett, George 
Billings, Henry, 15 
Bishop, J. E., 15 
Bingham, E. 
Npills, John, 11 
Bliss, Allen 
Bolton, Hugh, 24 
Bolton, H. M., 24 
Boland, Patrick, 25 
Bond, George T. 
Bolton, A. E. 
Book, Peter, 4 
Boniface, M. 
Boyd, S. H., Mrs. 
Bowering, John 
Book, Peter 
Brainard, S., 3 
Brisbin, James R. 
Brown, James, 22 
Brown, Elisha, 19 
Brown, Thomas, 18 
Bristol, E. E. 
Brogan, Emma, 33 
Brown, Charles 
Brown, WillardT.,32 



Brown, T. W., 18 
Brown, C. M., 28 
Brown, E. F. 
Bristoll, George S., 33 
Brown, E. F. 
Brown, E., 19 
Brainard & Murray, 16 
Bronson, Lucinda"^ 
Brown, Oliver G. 
Bronson, Colman 
Bronk, Jonas 
Burch, W. 
Bucks, Henry, 15 
Burchart, Peter, 15 
Burch, Eliza H., 15 
Burkstaller, T., 15 
Burdick, Harrison, 20 
Burdick, Louis, 19 
Bump, Jennie 
Burdick, Esther 
Burdick, Abigail, P. O. 

Washington Ter. 
Burch, Walter, 10 
Burns, John 
Burrill, John, 24 
Caswell, George T 
Cain, W. H. 
Catchpole, Daniel, 10 
Caldwell, J. B.,22 
Caton, W. R., Joliet 
Carter, MarlbyC, 19 
Cain, William H., 10 
Caton, J. D., Ottawa. 
Cadd, W. G. 
Caton, Arthur 
Carey, George 
Gary, G. N., 21 
Caswell. R. H. 
Chittenden, G. N., 28 
Chase, E. T., Joliet 
Church. M. E. 
Cheeney, Mrs. 
Chaplin, James, 4 
Cheeney, Dan., 9 
Chittenden & Smillie 
Chittenden, G. N. & Co. 
Clark, W. E. 
Clippinger, J. A. 
Clippinger, E. C, 7 
Colson, Judson, 10 
Corbin, Elihu 
Corbin, Laura, 7 
Colegrove, S. G., 10 
Conant, O. E., 23 
Collins, James H 
Corbin, Sarah A 



Countryman, Joseph 
Collins, Harriet 
Corbin, A. F. 
Colson, William 
Cobb, Benjamin 
Cotton, William, 21 
Countryman, Nancy, 26 
Colson, William, 35 
Cropsey, D. W. 
Cropsey, S., Mrs. 
Crouch, John 
Crawford, William 
Culver, Serena, 14 
Culver, Harvey 
Cup, F. 
Darr, James 
Darr, Emma 
Daly, George 
Darr, George 
Davis, Delos W. 
Darr, James 
Dailey, Jacob 13 
Davis, Joseph 
Davis, William 
Daily, G. R. 
Davis, E. G. 
Daily, J. J. 
Demeritt, Charles, 9 
De Long, Benjamin 
Deveraux, R. 
Deveraux, R. F. 
Deveraux, R. T., 16 
Dice, Michael 
Diltman, L. E., 26 
Dockenlorf, Theodore,29 
Doud, J. L. 
Drouden, Felton, 20 
Drumm, Adam 30 
Drumm, W. H. 
Drouden, Michael, 29 
Drouden, John, 21 
Drew, Phebe 
Dundore, B. K. 
Dundore, P. Y. 
Dunlap, Wilson 
Dunkle, Moses, 15 
Dundore, Benjamin, 8 
Dunn, Robert 
Dunkle, Mrs. 
Duncle, John 
Essington, Geo., 24 
Etter, Louis 
Evans, Milton H. 
Everton, T. J., 34 
Evans, C. W. 
Evans, E. 15 



368 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY, 



Evans, John 
Evans, Frank S 
Fairbaim, John, 6 
Falson, Mrs. E., 7 
Ferguson, Andrew, 5 
Fellows, G. 
Fellows, John 
Feddyment, Fred., 17 
Fellows, George 
Ferguson, Robert, 35 
Fellows, George, 21 
Fellows, Jeremiah 
Ferner, G. W. 
Ferguson, Jos. M. 
Fiches, David, 1 
Finch, Martha M. Mrs.lO 
First, H. C. 
Fickes, John 
Fitch, Wm. 
Flagg, Wm. H. 
Flagg, Geo., 3 
Flanders, Jason, 9 
Flagg, B. H., 10 
Flagg, W. H., 10 
Flagg, G. W., 8 
Folsom, E. Mrs. 
Foster, LaFayette, 9 
Fouser, Jacob 
Foster, Lyman, 27 
Fouser, David W., 13 
Fouser, Geo. W., 13 
Fouser, Jacob 
Fouser, Henry, 15 
Foss, L. T., 25 
Foss, B. C, 25 
Foss, Wilber 
Fouser, E. 
Fouser, J. J. 
Foster Estate 
Frasier, Charles, 15 
Frasier, Harvey R. 
Fry, G. H. 
Fraumhoff, Wm., 20 
Fry, Jacob 
Frey, Jacob, 28 
Friend, Mrs. C. M. 
Fraser, Ellen E. Mrs. 
Fridley, D., 4 
Frank, A. A 
Eraser, C. E. 
Fridley, John 
Fry & Garvul, 21 
Funk, W., 27 
Gardner, Martin 
Gates, Isaac 
Gascoigne, Wm. 
Garberman, A. 
Garberman, H., 21 
Gaylord, John 



Geist, Jacob, 18 
Geist, Samuel, 27 
Geist, Hiram G., 35 
Geist, L. 
Geist, Albert 
Geist, J. Wesley 
Geist, Chas. W. 
Gibson, Michael 35 
Gillespie, Mary Mrs. 
Gilbert, E. W. 
Gilmer, John, St., 6 
Gleason, James 
Glascow, J. S., 20 
Glascow, R., 19 
Goodson, Wm., 33 
Grundy, Samuel, 18 
Green, B. W., 16 
Greenwood, Wm., 10 
Green, D. D., 10 
Green, M. V., 19-10 
Graves, R. B 
Grant, Justus, 15 
Green, R. M., 17 
Grooses, R. B., 22 
Hahn, J. D., 1 
Hahn, Wm. F. 
Hager, Jonathan 
Harshbarger, Geo. H., 8 
Harlong, Elias 
Hayes, James 
Harmon, Ann 
Harrmon, 0. H 
Harris, Jedediah, 14 
Hatch, 8. S. Mrs. 
Hamlin, Henry S., 15 
Harmon, Sheldon 
Hartwich, August, 16 
Harbaugh, Isaac 
Hartranft, E 
Hamlin, Harry 
Haywood, James 
Hamlin, N. S., 14 
Hall, W. P. 
Hatch, A. J. 
Hahn, G. D. 
Hartigan, Patrick 
Hager, Adeline E., 20 
Hagar, T. E., 20 
Hartwich, Mrs. C, 21 
Harford, C. and L.C., 16 
Hanson, James 
Hartwich, Fred., 16 
Hammond, J. K., 27 
Harlong, J. J., 23 
Heinstret, Alonzo, 10 
Heiss, RoUand 
Henry, Isaac, 13 
Hess, W. S., 21 
Herron, Jacob 



Herron, Albert, 17 
Hertzog, George, 31 
Hertzog, George 
Heis, R. B., 12 
Heofler, Philip 
Hess, R. W., 21 
Hess, D. W. 
Hicks, Joseph, 9 
Hicks, James F. 
Hill, Hannah 
Hicks, Joseph 
Highland, A. K., 35 
Hoflfer, Geo., 23 
Hoag, T. C.,Evanstoni 
Horton, Chas., 18 
Hoag, Chas. 
Hyland, Granville, 2 
Hyland, F. B. 
Hyland, E. N. 
Hyland, Granville D. 
Hyland, E. J., 28 
Hyland, F. B., 10 
Hyland, A. K. 
Hyland, Sarah E 
Jacobs, Mary J. 
Jackson, Wm., 18 
Jessup, D. W. 
Jennis, T. W. 
Jordan, Allen, 10 
Jones, Lydia, Detroit, M. 
Johnson, John W. 
Johnson, W. M. 
Johnson, J. W. 
Johnson, W. M. 
Kanaga, J. M. 
Keen, James C. 
Kean, Wm. 
Kennelly, Daniel, 35 
Keene, W. S. 
Kerwin, M. 
Kennelly, S. M. 
Kenneson, M. J. 
Keene, Lucy 
Kesser, S. S. 
King, T., 8 
King, A. J., 15 
King, Daniel 
Kops, John, 28 
Koch, Eva 
Kopps, Ferd. 
Kopps, Joseph 
Kune, S. S. 
Lang, Thomas J., 3 
Lawrence, M. 
Leppert, Jacob 
Lockwood, W. C. 
Luce, Bella 
Luce, G. B., 10 
Martin, A. R. 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTOKY. 



36&- 



Martin, A. R., 25 
Mather, Joshaa E., 27 
Martin, A. R., 25 
Martin, J. P. 
Manville, A. M., 1 
Martin, Jesse, 25 
Mack, F. K. 
McCliester, Geo. 
McElhose, Martha, 33 
McElhose, Wm., 27 
McNeal, James 
McClellan, John, 21 
McCreary, Joseph, 27 
McCloskey, Wm. 
McClintock, Joseph, 27 
McAllister, Edward, 23 
McCloskcY, D. E. 
McCloskey, E. J. 
McCloskey, Alex., 12 
McCarty, Wm. 
McCreevy, A. J. 
McMucken, John 
McCleary, James, 28 
Metcalf, Judith 
Metcalf, Samuel W., 27 
Metcalf, August 
Metcalf, Edw. H. 
Metcalf, T. H.,27 
Metcalf, S., 27 
Miles, O. 
Miller, H. 
Mottinger, A. E. 
Mottinger, Caroline 
Mottinger, John 
Mottinger, S. L., 11 
Moody, Mary L. 
Mottinger, L. H. 
Mottinger Bros. 
Mottinger tt Simmons, 
Mottinger, Leo, 10 
Moss, Wm. , 5 
Moss, W. F., 4 
Moss, Wm., Sr., 5 
Monroe, Hugh 
Morgan, Samuel W. 
Moss, G, B. 
Moss, G. B. & Wm. 
Munroe, S. D. Mrs., 27 
Murray, Mary J., 25 
Munroe, Mary J. 
Murray, Frank 
Needham, Charles 
Neiswender, H., 15 
Neiswender, Eliza 
Niver, Morris 
Niver, Wm. M., 25 
Niver, Elias, 25 
Nixon, Robert 
Norton, Harriet 



Norris, P. F. 
Norton, H. S., 3 
Oflferman, H., 28 
Offerman, John, 21 
Oliver, M. E. Mrs., 10 
Owens, John C. 
Parr, J. L. 
Padley, Geo. M. 
Peer, Mrs. L. 
Perrv, S. 

Perkins, A. J., 22 
Pennick, James 
Perry, L. 
Phillip, Jos. 
Pilcher, Mrs. M. L. 
Pickel, Geo., 24 
Pike, W. D., 10 
Piatt, J. W. 
Piatt, E. D. 
Piatt, John, 15 
Pratt, Samuel S. 
Pratt, S S. 
Pratt, H. S., 7 
Price, H. S. 
Rathburn, B. F., 1 
Ray, Alonzo, 21 
Rauch, Michael 
Rathburn, S. R. 
Rafter, John, 28 
Rafter, Patrick, 36 
Raush, Peter, 32 
Rank, Mrs. 
Raber, Cyrus 
Reese, A., 36 
Reeves, Parker, 10 
Reeves, Jerome B., 11 
Rease, John 
Rhodes, Eli 
Richardson, Henry, 6 
Richmond, R., 8 
Richmond, Margaret 
Rohe, J. 
Robertson Bros. 
Royce, Miller 
Royce, 3Iiles 
Roberts, Harriet E. 
Rock, Martin, 11 
Robertson, Daniel 
Rose, O. H. 
Roberts, Emma 
Robertson, A. L. 
Royce, ]Mrs. 
Russell, W., 26 
Ruban, Mary A. 
Ryburn, David, 26 
Ryburn, A. C, 26 
Ryburn, Thos. A. 
Scofield, Wm. 
Schotield, Amos H. 



SchrefHer, E. C. 
Schwab, Mrs. 
Scott, Robert J. 
Schimarr, Mat, 1 
Schimar, Mat 
Schofield, Mary J. 
Schofleld, S. S., 10 
Schofield, A. H., 10 
Schofield, A. 
Sennit, John, 16 
Senenbaugh, S. F. 
Shutt, Peter, 23 
Sharp, James, 15 
Sharp, William, 17 
Shefl3er, J. D., 21 
Sharp, Mary E. 
Shaw, W. E. 
Shaw, George E., 27 
Sheik, G. 
Shelken, G., 21 
Simmons, And., 25 
Simm, James, B'dwood 
Sims, Joseph, 10 
Simmons, A. T. 
Simmons, S. W., 10 
Simmons, S., 10 
Sloan, G. W. 
Sloan, Sally 
Sly, Seneca 
Smith, J. S.,4 
Smith, Geo. F. 
Smith, C. E. 
Smiley, James H., 
Smith, John 
Smith, Conrad, 12 
Smith, Geo. Y., 1 
Smith, George, 12 
Smith, J., 2 
Smitz, J. P. 
Snowden, M. A. 
Snyder, Richard 
Souden, James, 24 
Sontagg Bros. 
Spangler, Adam, La Port' 
Spangler, Samuel, 1 
Spangler, W. Z. 
Spangler, P. W., 10 
Spangler, A. S., 10 
Spangler, Henry, 15 
Spangler, Z., 11 
Spangler, John 
Spangler, John, 5 
Spencer, Horace 
Stewart, T. A., 27 
Stratton, H., 21 
Stratton, H. H., 9 
Steigle, Charles, 5 
Snapp, George 
Striker, Peter 



370 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



Stewart, Thomas A. 
Steiner, Fred, 6 
Sundland, Noah, 8 
Sunderland, N. 
Sweetwood, W. P. 
Talson, Mrs. E., 7 
Thorp, Henry 
Thompson, William 
Thurston, John 
Tonner, Luella 
Tobias, T. R. 
Townsend, William, 
Turner, Moz, 10 
Turney, Thomas 
Tyler, S. B., 1 
Tyler, A. H. Mrs. 
Vanolinda, Ira 
Valentine, Daniel, 6 
Van Horn, John, 27 



Vanderwort, K. M., 19 
Van Horn, L. M. 
Vinson, William, 9 
Vinson, Thomas 
Warner, William 
Wagner, John B. 
Wagner, James 
Wat kins, Eliza 
Waltz, Nathan 
Wagner, John B. , 12 
Watkins. Henrv 
Webb, K.. 16 ' 
Webb, Robert D. 
Wentzbacher, Mrs. E. 
White, William P. 
Whitley, B. 

Wirtzbacher, P. W., 13 
Willard, John 
Williams, A. Mrs. 



Willis, J. C. 
Willard, John 
Willis, W., 10 
Wiley, John, 6 
Wood, E. J., 9 
Woodhouse, Charles W. 
Worst, Albert 
Wood, M. R., 16 
Wright, R. B. 
Wright, W. 
Wraith, James 
Wright, Mrs. E. 
Wright, Erza 
Wright, R. B., 9 
Young, Henry, 10 
Zimmerman, E. C. 
Zimmerman, D. 
Zimmerman, H. 



The school report for 1883 gives the following statistics : — 
734 persons under 21 years, 473 enrolled ; 11 teachers ; 8 school 
buildings, etc., valued at -$15,700; total expenditures for year, 
$5,663.15. 

Personal Hutory. — In the following Biographical notices 
many of the pioneers of this township are referred to: 

Rev. Stephen R. Beggs, born in Rockingham county, Va., 
March 30, 1801 ; moved to Will county in July 1821, and settled 
near his present homestead, on section 15. The old home was 
known as Fort Beggs. He was married in Washington, Taswell 
county. 111., in 1831, to Miss Elizabeth Heath, daughter of Wm. 
Heath, of that county. He married his present wife. Miss 
Sarah R., daughter of Amos Dibbell and Charlotte Williams, of 
New York State, in 1868, at Woodford, 111. He has served the 
ministry of the M, E. Church for the past sixty-two years, preach- 
ing his first sermon at Charleston, Ind., in 1821. He is one of 
the oldest, if not actually the oldest resident of Will county. 

George Bennett, born at Detroit, Mich., September 1, 1818, 
settled in Will county in 1855, and has been a resident of Plain- 
field since that time. 

A. G. BechivWi, son of the late Dudley Beckwith, was born 
in Lawrence county, N". Y., in 1817: came with his parents to 
Chicago at an early day, and settled at Plainfield village in 1835. 
His marriage with Miss Laura Foster, daughter of Lyman Fos- 
ter, took place in 1842. Dudley Beckwith settled here with his 
family in 1835, and established his blacksmith shop the same 
year. 

Lorin Burdich, deceased, was born in Chittenden county, 
Vermont, April 30, 1797; settled in York State in 1830 and 
six years later came to Plainfield township. He purchased the 
■quarter section now known as the McNeff farm, on which he 
resided until 1858 when he removed to the home of his later 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 371 

years. When the pioneer court house of the county was being- 
erected it was Mr. Burdick who hauled the lumber from 
Chicago; it was he who hewed the lumber for the first bridge, 
first mill, first house of worship and first hotel in Plainfield. 
He, with Messrs. Bump and Brunson, laid out the old cemetery 
on the site of the present one, and he assisted in the first burial 
there, that of Mrs. Brunson. He burned the first coal pit at 
Plainfield, and thus inaugurated many of the first industries 
and public improvements. His death occurred August 3, 1878, 
the result of taking a solution of Paris-green instead of sulphur. 
He served at Plattsburg in the war of 1812; sent one son to the 
Mexican war who died there, and contributed three sons to the 
defense of the Union, 1861-5. (See record of Louis and Josiah 
Burdick, lOOtli Illinois Infantry). Samuel Burdick served 
among the Iowa Volunteers. Lorin Burdick was married to 
Miss Esther Bixby of Essex county, Vermont, August 12, 
1796. 

Harrison Burdick, son of Lorin Burdick, was born in Ver- 
mont, March 31, 1833, resided with his father until 1851 and 
settled on his farm in section 20 in 1865. Miss Harriet Paul, to 
whom he was married, died September 21, 1870, leaving eight 
children. 

Jonas Bronk, born at Albany, Xew York in 1829; settled in 
Kendall county, Illinois in 1854, where he resided until 1882, 
when he located at Plainfield township where he owns 145 acres 
of land on section 16. He was married in 1853 to Miss Footbeg 
of Albany, New York. 

Jasper Bronk, son of Jonas Bronk, born in Kendall county, 
Illinois in 1861, was married to Miss Emma Highland, March 
11, 1884. 

Daniel Gatclipole, section 10, was born in Norfolk, England, 
in 1816; came to Jefferson county, New York in 1835 and to 
Plainfield, Illinois in 1837. He was married in 1840 to Miss 
Margaret Burdick, daughter of the late Lorin Burdick. They 
are the parents of seven children. 

George N. Chittenden, born in Summit county, Ohio, April 
15, 1818; began the study of Medicine in 1838; entered on 
practice in 1843 which he continued until 1847 when he located 
a farm in Michigan; in 1849 he moved to South Bend, Indiana 
to take the management of a woolen mill there; in 1851 he 
settled at Lockport, Illinois, and in 1852 he located at Plain- 
field with the business, at which village he has been ]u-omi- 
nently identified. His public record is given in the Official 
History. In 1876 he was delegate to the Cincinnati National 
Convention. His business interests here are under the manage- 
ment of W. H. Chillender and Alfred T. Corbin (see Business 
Directory). 

Elihu Corbin, born in Eutland, Vermont, May 28, 1813; 



372 PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTOKT. 

came to Will county in 1832, and settled on his present home- 
stead. He was married at Cleveland, April 16, 1837, to Miss 
Eliza Ann Fish, daughter of Ebenezer Fish of Connecticut, 
then residing at Cleveland, Ohio. Has a family of six children, 
three sons and three daughters — Lewis B. and Alfred T. are 
with Chittenden & Co., Plainfield; Edward W. with Webb 
& Co., Salida, Colorado; Miss Hannah Corbin was married to 
Captain Darius Sullivan of the Eighth Hlinois Cavalry; Miss 
Emily Corbin to Em, Holbrook of Batavia, Illinois. Mr. Corbin 
has been elected and re-elected as justice of the peace for the 
last twenty-four years. 

Lester G. Colgrove was born in Franklin county, Vermont, 
in 1818; moved to Will county in 1840, and settled in Wheat- 
land township; he removed to his present residence in Plainfleld 
village in 1873. Was married in this county in 1840, to Miss 
Lucretia Ingersoll, daughter of the late Chester Ingersoll, who 
laid out the town of Plainfield. He has a family of five daugh- 
ters, viz: — Flavilla Colegrove, married to Joseph Baffham, 
farmer of Calhoun county, Iowa; Eliza Colegrove, married to 
George Eivett, farmer of Grundy county, Illinois; M. Colegrove, 
married to George Flagg of Plainfield; Ida Colegrove, married 
to Wheeler Green of Plainfield; Miss Dell Colegrove. 

A. E. Gonant, born in York county, Maine, December 9, 
1818; settled in section 25, Plainfield, 1854. His marriage with 
Miss Eliza Philbrook of Kennebec county, Maine, took place 
June 8, 1853. 

0. J. Coi'hin, M. D., deceased, was born in New Hampshire, 
May 2, 1807; graduated from Dartmouth Medical College; 
settled at Plainfield in 1836, as a physician; died April 3, 1869. 
He married Miss M. L. Goss, who settled here with her parents 
in 1833. This lady died in 1864, aged forty-eight years. 

Daniel W. Cropsey, born at Peterboro, New York, February 
15, 1797, came to Will county in 1846; purchased 480 acres of 
land from Chester Ingersoll, and located his home on the north- 
west quarter of section 36 — an 80 acre tract, which took the 
prize, as being the best cultivated farm of that area in the 
county, oifered by the County Agricultural Society in 1859. 
His official record is given in the history of Wheatland, and of 
the county. Miss Elizabeth Straight of Argyle, New York, to 
whom he was married February 14, 1819, died in August 1871. 
One of his sons, Andrew J. Cropsey served in the One Hundred 
and Twenty-ninth Illinois Infantry, and was Lieutenant Colonel 
of that command. 

Sereno Culver, born in Washington county, Vt., June 22, 
1818, came with his parents to Plainfield in 1834. In 1840 Mr. 
Culver settled on his farm on section 14. Four years after 
(October 30, 1844), he married Miss Polly Miller, born in Wash- 
ington county, Vt., daughter of Horace and Lucy (Bryant) Mil- 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 3Y3 

ler, of Massachusetts and Canada, respectively. (See Official 
History.) 

Daniel Culver, born in Connecticut, settled at Plainfield in 
1834, and died there August 15, 1834. His wife, Miss Betsy 
Lyman, also a native of Connecticut, died at Plainfield, May 
9, 1854. 

John Day, born in Lincolnshire, Eng., in 1837, settled in 
DuPage township, in 1855, located at Plainfield in 1884. Miss 
Catherine, to whom he was married in 1864, was a resident of 
Wyandotte county, 0. His family consists of one son and three 
daughters. 

Charles Demerritt, born in Channahon township in 1830, is 
the son of the late Harry Demerritt, a pioneer of the county. 
He settled on section 9, Plainfield, in 1843, was married in 1862 
to Miss Elizabeth, daughter of the late George Mottinger, of 
Plainfield. His sons, Charles K., William A., and Ealph, are 
residents of Plainfield. (Harry Demerritt. — See General His- 
tory). 

Theodore Dockendorf, born in Germany, October 26, 1838, 
came to Will county in 1857, and in 1861 purchased his farm 
on sections 29-32. In March, 1884, he located at Plainfield 
village. He was married in 1860 to Miss Louisa Bullock, 
daughter of Ephraim Bullock, of Piano, 111. Daniel 0. Dock- 
endorf resides in O'Brien county, Iowa. His other children are 
residents of Plainfield. 

John Drauden, born in Prussia, March 1831, came to Amer- 
ica in 1854, and to Plainfield in 1858. In 1867 he purchased 
his farm on section 21, where he made his home. His marriage 
with Miss Eliza Koush, born in Prussia, September 28, 1834, 
took place October 3, 1868. 

George R. Dyer, of ' Plainfield, son of Quarter-Master Dyer, 
organized a cavalry company, 29th Missouri cavalry, at Pilot 
Knob, Mo., was chosen captain, took part in the affair at 
Chickasaw Buyou; suffered much from diseases contracted in 
the campaign, and returned home to die. 

M. H. Evans, born in Clark county. 111., October 8, 1831, 
came to Plainfield with his parents in 1835. From 1852 to 1865 
he was engaged in farming in Kendall county. From 1865 to 
the present time, he has resided on his farm in section 17, Plain- 
field. He was married to Miss H. C. Tenney, of Grafton county, 
N. H., November 14, 1850. 

Reuben Flagg, born in 1798; came from Vermont with his 
family July 9, 1830, and settled on section 10, where he died 
November 9, 1869. His wife, Mrs. Betsy K. Flagg, born in 
1805, died February 20, 1876. She was the mother of the first 
white child born in the county. (See Black Hawk War and 
Pioneer History.) 

WilUa^n Flagg, son of the late Eeuben Flagg, a pioneer 



374 PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY, 

settler of the county, was born on his present homestead, in 
section 10, Plainfield township, in 1841; was married in 1869 to 
Miss Margaret Van Horn, daughter of Cornelius Van Horn, 
of this county. Has a family of five children all living in this 
county. 

Benjamin Franhlin Flagg, born at the Flagg homestead 
April 5, 1835; married Russeline, daughter of Russell Oviett, of 
Richfield, Ohio, September 1, 1859, who now resides here. Mr. 
Flagg died August 19, 1882. 

Jason Flanders, born at Hebron, Vermont, August 18, 1810; 
was married to Miss Lucy Ann Clark March 29, 1833, and Avith 
her arrived in Will county June 20, 1833. He purchased a 
tract of Grovernment land which he cultivated until 1841, when 
he located his home at Plainfield, where he resided until his 
death, February 26, 1874. George Flanders, one of his sons, 
died at Bowling Green, Kentucky, November 25, 1862, while in 
the military service of the Union. (See Military Chapter.) 
James Flanders is a leading attorney of the county. (See 
Political Chapter and Pioneer History.) 

Hem-y 8. Foivser, born in Stark county, Ohio, July 5, 1837; 
settled on his present farm (section 15) in 1856. He was 
married in 1859 to Miss Mary, daughter of John Prankford, of 
Lockport. His sons are Allen J., of Ringold county, Iowa; 
Charles E. and Henry H., of Plainfield. 

J. J. Foiuser was born in Stark county, Ohio, on August 13, 
1827, and came to Will county m 1854. Was married in Sum- 
mit county, Ohio, on April 11, 1848, to Miss Hester Ream, 
daughter of George Ream, of that county. Has a family of 
two sons and two daughters living. Has served one term as 
town trustee, and was elected justice of the peace in 1881. 

T. Lafayette Foster, born August 9, 1824, in Otsego county. 
New York, came to Plainfield October 10, 1844, and located his 
homestead farm on section 9. He was married in Iowa January 
21, 1860 to Mrs. L. M. (Ashley) Morgan, daughter of Cyrus 
Ashley. 

Giles D. Foster, born in Otsego county in 1820; settled in 
Plainfield township in 1844; moved to Plainfield village in 1863; 
was married in 1878 to Miss Emma Hawkins, daugher of 
Ephraim Hawkins, of Joliet. He was elected justice of the 
peace in 1877, and has served continuously since that year. 

Harrison S. Hamlin, born in Florence township, 1852; was 
married in 1873 to Miss Katie J. Hahn, daughter of J. 1). 
Hahn, of this township. His farm of one hundred and twenty 
acres is situated in section 23. 

Lyman Foster, born March 30, 1793, at Meriden, Connecti- 
cut; settled in Plainfield township in 1844. For years he was 
engaged in various important industries throughout New York 
State. Once here, he settled on his farm, which he managed 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. d7^ 

until 1869, when lie retired. In 1824 he was married to Miss 
Esther Blood, of Vermont, who died about 1863, leaving eight 
children. On April 18, 1869, he married Mrs. Emily Pearsons. 
His memories of 1812 are very distinct and relations accurate. 

H. R. Fraser, born in Sullivan county, New York, Novem- 
ber 30, 1834; settled in Plainfield township in 184G; while on 
the journey hither his mother died at Chicago. His father was 
engaged on the homestead farm until his death in July, 1857. 

In 1861 Harvey Ft. Fraser enlisted in the Thirteenth Illinois 
Cavalry: served over three years. (See Military Chapter.) 
From 1865 to 1872 he was Mr. Smiley's partner in trade at 
Plainfield; in the latter year Mr. Fraser became principal of the 
firm now controlled by J. H. Smiley. Miss Eoxanna Wright, to 
whom he was married February 6, 1866, was born in this town- 
ship December 19, 1845. 

Wlieehr Green, son of D. D. Green, born in Plainfield village 
1854, moved to his farm on section 16 in 1873, was married 
December 29, 1875, to Miss Ida Colegrove, daughter of Lester 
Gr. Colgrove, of this township. 

Robert B. Graves, born in Orange county, Yt., came to the- 
present site of Palentine, Cook county, in 1846, settled in 
Wheatland township in 1865, and located his farm on section 
22, Plainfield, in 1867-8! From 1873 to 1878 he served as 
revenue inspector, his district comprising twelve counties. His 
first wife, Miss M. Ketcham, died June 11, 1874; the present 
Mrs. Graves is a daughter of Alvin J. King, now a resident of 
Plainfield. His service with 5th Illinois Light Artillery from 
1862 to 1865 is referred to in otiier pages. 

Justus Grant, born at Grafton, X. H., September 3, 1821, 
settled in Massachusetts in 1848, in California in 1853, in Crete 
township. Will county, in 1860, and at Plainfield in 1873. He 
Avas married to Miss Ann Eliza Westcott, daughter of Capt. 
Westcott, of Kendall county, in 1872. 

Denison D. Green, born in Otsego, N. Y., February 13, 
1807, settled in Will county in 1836, and at Plainfield village in 
1845. His wife, Miss Ottilia, daughter of Samuel Wheeler, of 
Columbia county, X. Y.. was married January 26, 1831. They 
are the parents of two sons and three daughters, viz: Judson 
D., of AVyandotte, Kan.; Bartley W., farmer, Plainfield; Mrs. 
Lovi (Green) Riley, of Muskegon, Mich.; Mrs. Emma (Green) 
Ride, of Barbara county, Cal., and Mrs Josephine (Green) 
Highland, of Plainfield township. 

/. D. Halm, born in Mahoning county, Ohio, July 3, 1826, 
settled in Will county in 1847, and on his farm on section 1, 
Plainfield, in 1857. His marriage with Miss Rebecca Shreliler, 
born in Pennsylvania, April 4, 1829, took place June 7, 1849. 

Jonathan Hagar, born at Quebec, Canada East, February 19, 
1807, came to Plainfield in company with Samuel Sargent in 



■376 PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

1834, where they opened a stock of goods in a wagon shop owned 
by John Bill. In 1835-6 Hagar and Sargent built a store-house, 
which was subsequently converted into the Congregational par- 
sonage. It may be said that from 1834 to 1861 Mr. Hagar was 
the principal trader of Plainfield, and in connection with Good- 
hue and Burrell Avas also engaged in the milling business. 
Miss Catherine Goodhue, his first wife, was born in New Hamp- 
shire, married September 14, 1843, and died March 19, 1858. 
{See Pioneer and Official History also.) 

Alanson J. Hatch, born in Berkshire county, Mass., October 
31, 1801, settled in Plainfield June 15, 1835, and moved to his 
present home in 1843. He was married in 1825 to Miss Emiline, 
daughter of Elihu Gaston, of Kichmond, Berkshire county, 
Mass. His son, Warner Hatch, born in Troy, N. Y., come to 
Plainfield in 1835, and has followed his trade of tinsmith here 
for the last thirty-five years. He learned his trade with W. A. 
Strong, of Joliet. He is the inventer and patentee of a char- 
coal furnace and of an eave trough fastener. He was married 
March 5, 1862, to Miss Nancy M., daughter of William Hunt, 
of Wilmington. His first wife Miss Cornelia, daughter of 
Jedediah Wooley, married November 1, 1855, died at Channa- 
hon January 14, 1861. (See Jadediah Wooley's History.) 

N. S. Hamlin, born in Madison county, New York, May 27, 
1824; came to Will county in 1851, where he located at Lock- 
port, moving afterwards to Plainfield and settled on his farm in 
1857; he served almost twenty years as road commissioner and 
for a number of years held the office of school director. Mr. 
Hamlin was married to Miss Parnell Keeler, April 25, 1849, 
daughter of Nathaniel Keeler of Oneida county, New York. 

James Hayes, father of Mr. Hayes and Mrs. Sarah Wagner 
of Plainfield was an old settler of the county. 

William Seward Hess, son of Eiley Hess, was born in Mad- 
ison county. New York in 1850; was married in 1874 to Miss 
Olive, daughter of Cyrus Reynolds of Kane county, one of the 
oldest settlers of Illinois, and settled on his present farm in 
section 21, Plainfield. 

Richey W. Hess, born in Madison county in 1815; settled on 
section 21, Plainfield, in 1856; was married in 1838 to Miss 
Cornelia, daughter of Roswell Randall of Washtenaw county, 
Michigan; this lady died December 12, 1869. He married Mrs. 
Mary L. Ripperton, daughter of Levi T. Reeves of Indiana, 
May 6, 1878. 

George W. Hess, born November, 1834. — See Company D, 
100th Illinois Infantry. 

Alonzo Hemstreet, born in Herkimer county. New York, 
October 6, 1814; settled in Plainfield July 3, 1837; was engaged 
in various enterprises until 1843 or 1844, when he leased the 
Hagar saw mill. In 1846 he opened a butcher store which he 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTOKY. 377 

conducted until 1866. Miss Augusta M. Foster, to whom he 
was married October 26, 1848, is a daughter of Lyman Foster, 
formerly of Esperauce, New York State, where she was born 
December 20, 1826. In 1843 he was elected constable, which 
office he held for fifteen years; he has served as trustee of the vil- 
lage, president of the board and alderman successfully, and is 
now school director. His sons, Albert J. and Andrew J. are 
residents of Will county. 

G. D. Ilyland, son of Consider Highland, was born in 
Eocksbury, Vermont, in 1834; settled in Plainfield in 1837; was 
married in October, 1859 to Miss Helia Cropsey, daughter of D. 
W. Cropsey. Mr. Hyland's lands in section 2 form one of the 
best cultivated quarter sections in the county. 

Allen Jordan, born in Columbia, New York, February 3, 
1798, elected Mayor of Hudson, New York, in 1839, was a 
member of the Bar of that city until 1847, when he came to 
Plainfield. From 1849 to 1866, when he returned to Plain- 
field, he was engaged in agriculture and stock-raising in Ken- 
dall county. Miss Jane P. Cook, to whom he was married 
December 6, 1837, was born in New York, March 6, 1813. 

Hiram Johnson, born in Vermont, settled with his wife and 
family in Wheatland township in 1844. He was married to 
Miss Sarah Ann Gault, also a native of Vermont. 

WUliari M. Johnson, born in Rutland county, Vermont, Au- 
gust 5, 1827, settled with parents in Wheatland township in 
1844, moved to Du Page in 1854, and to Plainfield in 1871. 
He married Miss Eliza M. Heaton, daughter of Elisha D. 
Heaton, December 6, 1854, a native of Vermont. 

D. W. Jump. M. D., born in Henon county, Ohio, August 
24, 1847; settled at Plainfield in 1872, and there married Miss 
Alice E. Watkins, November 13, 1873. Dr. Jump graduated 
from the Medical Department of the Michigan University, 
March 27, 1872. 

John M. Kanagy, born in Cumberland county, Pennsylva- 
nia, in 1828; removed with his father, C. Kanagy, to Stark 
county, Ohio, in 1830; came to Wheatland township in 1865, 
and located at Plainfield village in the spring of 1883. Mr. 
Kanagy, Sr., died in Wheatland township, aged 90 years. He 
was married in 1850 to Miss Mary, daughter of William Eeed, 
of Stark county, Ohio. His son, Ira Kanagy, farmer, section 
4, Wheatland, was married to Miss Susan E., daughter of the 
late Bailey Pilcher, of Will county. His daughter, Clara, is 
the wife of Delos W. Davis, farmer, section 4, Wheatland town- 
ship. 

Daniel Kennelly was born in Center county, Pennsylvania, 

in 1811; moved to this county in June, 1847, and settled near 

his present homestead in Plainfield township. Was married 

in 1842 to Miss Sarah Goist, daughter of Henry Goist of Cen- 

24 



378 PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

ter county, Pennsylvania. Has a family of five sons and two 
daughters living, viz. : Henry Gr. Kennelly, residence, Arkan- 
sas; Wmfield Kennelly, farmer, residence, Lockport township; 
Samuel M. Kennelly, farmer, residence, section 26, Plainfield 
township; John Kennelly, physician, Easton, Mason county 
Illinois; Benjamin P. JKennolly, residence, Joliet, Illinois; 
Sarah Kennelly married to Prank Sopher, farmer, residence, 
section 36, Plainfield township, and Doubline Kennelly, resi- 
dence, Plainfield. 

'William S. Keen, a settler of 1841, was born in Cayuga 
county, New York, December 31, 1821, He visited California 
in 1849, and remained there until 1852. His marriage with 
Miss Koxanna E. Norton (born at Ithaca, New York, June 11, 
1825), took place in 1846; Anson Keen, one of his sons, en- 
listed in 8th Illinois Cavalry in 1863. — (See Military Chapter.) 

A. J. King, born in Erie county. New York, in 1824; settled 
in McHenry county, Illinois, in 1855; located at Plainfield m 
1882. He was married in 1849 to Miss Susan E. Southworth, 
of Erie county. New York. 

Thomas J. Lang, born in Grafton county. New Hampshire, 
August 21, 1808; settled in Cook county, in 1834, and on his 
present homestead in 1835. He was married in 1832, to Miss 
Nancy, daughter of Levi George of Straford county, New 
Hampshire. His sons, George and John C. Lang reside at 
Joliet; Levi W. in California; Andrew J. in Iowa; and Henry 
C. in Plainfield. 

Alexander McClosJcey. born in Centre county, Pennsylvania, 
February 19, 1816; settled on section 12, Plainfield township 
early in 1852. In 1867 he moved into the village, where he now 
resides; his marriage with Miss Nancy, daughter of John Ton- 
ner, of Centre county, Pennsylvania, took place in 1842. Of 
his five children, John T. died in February, 1859; William is a 
member of the firm of McCloskey & Hayes; Charles W. resides 
at Plainfield; Catharine is the wife of Amos Dice, of Cherokee 
county, Iowa, and Sarah A. is married to Albert Eobertson of 
Joliet. (See Official History of Township.) 

McCloskey S Hayes, hardware merchants. McCloskey and 
Hayes established their hardware and grocery house in July 1883, 
succeeding A. L. Eobeitson, an old merchant of Plainfield. 
They are agents for the Buckeye Reajjer and Mower, Furst & 
Bradley's Agricultural Implements, and KnoivUon''s Cultivator. 
Their annual trade acceeds $20,000. The firm is composed of 
William McCloskey and Thomas K. Hayes, both residents of 
Plainfield. 

John McClcllan, born in Franklin county, Massachusetts, in 
1826; settled on section 29, Plainfield, in February, 1856, and 
at Plainfield village in 1883. His farm of 185 acres on sections 
22-1 is devoted to agriculture and stock raising. In April, 1850, 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 379 

lie was married to a daughter of Thomas Brown, of Franklin 
county Massachusetts. His son, Edward E. McClellan resides 
on the farm. (See G-eneral History and Local). 

Joseph McCreery, born in Ontario county, New York, July 
1, 1810, emigrated to Canada, in 1833; settled in Plainfield in 
1845, where he engaged in agriculture on sections 33 and 34, 
and located his farm in 1875. His marriage with Miss Abigail 
A. Van Riper, of New Jersey, took place in November, 1830. 

Leiuis W. McCreery, son of Joseph McCreery, born in Plain- 
field, May 10, 1857; assumed control of the Joseph McCreery 
farm on sections 33 and 34, in 1875. Miss Annie Bristol, to 
whom he was married February 18, 1877, was born in Ohio, 
November 7, 1855. 

Franh W. Metcalf, born in Lake county, Ohio, November 33, 
1840; enlisted from Oberlin College, in one of the three months' 
infantry regiments; was' mustered out; came to Plainfield in 
1863; was married to Miss Augusta Metcalf (born in Troy town- 
ship, June 21, 1837), November 20, 1864, and engaged in agri- 
culture. He has been closely identified with educational inter- 
ests m the western towns of this county. 

.S'. W. Metcalf, born at Plainfield, September 16, 1835, is the 
son of Hardy and Judith B. (Ptussell) Metcalf, who settled in 
Creve, in 1835. Mr. Metcalf, senior, died June 29, 1860. Five 
years later, S. W. Metcalf, located on his farm in section 34. 
His marriage with Miss Sarah Billing, took place July 4, 1869. 

Horace and 3Irs. Lucy (Bryant) Miller, came from Massa- 
chusetts to Plainfield township, in 1834. Mr. Miller died Sep- 
tember 14, 1872, and Mrs. Miller October 15, 1876. 

John Mottinger, born in Pennsylvania, May 8, 1799, is num- 
bered among the old residents of the county and one of its lead- 
ing farmers. Mrs. Barbara (Long) Mottinger, is a native of 
Pennsylvania. 

H. 8. Norton, son of Benjamin K. and Harriet (Yaple) Nor- 
ton, was born in Plainfield township, December 1, 1845. His 
father settled on section 3, in 1839, and died there October 17, 
1874, twenty-nine years after his discovery of the gravel and 
building sand deposits on his farm. Mr. H. S. Norton married 
Miss M. F. Bender (born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, 
November 16, 1852), March 23, 1870. The Norton sand quar- 
ies were held in high rej)ute among builders since 1846. 

A. J. Perkins, 31. D., born at Mt. Upton, N. Y., March 
20, 1834; settled at Mendota, HI., in 1860, graduated in 1864, 
from the Eclectic Medical College, of Cincinnati, 0., and 
the same year engaged in his professional practice. Came to 
Plainfield in 1865. He married Miss Eliza Bangs, of Benning- 
ton, Vt., May 10, 1860. 

Wm. D. Pilce owns 120 acres in sections 10 and 15, all under 
cultivation. He was born in Eutland county, Vt., in 1832, and 



380 PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

came to Illinois in 1856, removing to this county in 1882. He 
married in Rutland, Vt., in 1856, to Miss Maria Wilbreth, 
daughter of Hartford Wilbreth, of that county. Has a family 
of four sons living in this county, viz. : Charles L. Pike, born 
in 1859 ; Edgar J. Pike, born in 1861 ; Frank Pike, born in 
1866 ; Harry E. Pike, born in 1868. Mr. Pike has served six 
years as justice of the peace in Kendall county, HI., and six 
years as town clerk, Neosha township, Kendall county, and was 
elected township assessor of this township in spring of 1884, 
for one term. 

John W. Piatt, born in Lincolnshire, Eng., in 1833, moved 
to Will county in 1853, and settled in Plainfield township, near 
his present homestead. Mr. Piatt was married in Plainfield in 
1860, to Miss Cornelia Foster, daughter of Lyman Foster. He 
married his present wife. Miss Clara A. Norton, in March, 1884. 
He has two children living. Jesse E. Piatt, born November 
25, 1871 ; Miss Jennie L. Piatt, born June, 1863. Mr. Piatt 
has served one term in each office as school director and path- 
master. His farm is located on section 13. 

S. S. Pratt, born at Bennington, Vt., February 28, 1814, 
settled at Chicago, in 1834, and at Plainfield village, in 1835, 
where he opened the pioneer furniture store, now conducted by 
his son, Norman S. Pratt. Miss Esther A. Beckwith, to whom 
he was married November 27, 1839, was born at Norfolk, N. Y., 
August 12, 1822. 

Alonzo Ray, born in Windom county, Vt., in 1814, moved 
to this county in 1836, settling in Plainfield village. Was mar- 
ried in 1840. to Miss Nancy M. Woods, daughter of Richard M. 
Woods, of Joliet. He has a family of three children living, 
viz. : Edwin M. Ray, farmer, Wheatland township ; Julia M. 
Ray, married to George McMillan, of Brighton Park, Cook 
county; Alice L., married to Alanson H. Tyler, farmer. Plain- 
field township. Mr. Ray has served as highway commissioner 
in this township for fifteen years. 

Alexander Roherts, born in Canada, June 9, 1809; settled at 
Chicago in 1847; furnished the first ties for the Chicago & 
Galena railroad; manufactured the first lard oil at Chicago; was 
one of the commissioners who authorized the building of the 
first courthouse at Chicago; furnished building material for the 
canal lock at Bridgeport and next settled in Plainfield township 
on his farm in section 2. Mr. Roberts was engaged in the Mc- 
Kenzie-Papineau rebellion in 1837-38, and had a narrow escape 
from capture by the English soldiery. 

Miles. Royce born at Bristol, Connecticut, August 20, 1806; 
settled in Plainfield in 1834 and engaged in the manufacture of 
fanning mills, the first made in northern Hlinois; about 1837 
he purchased a tract of land which he converted into one of the 
finest farms in the township. Miss Sarah G. Gilman, to whom 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 381 

be was married January 10, 1837, Avas born at Salem, Massa- 
chusetts, May 12, 1809. 

Orland Royce. — See Military Chapter. 

Amos H. Scholfield, a native of New York State; settled in 
Lake precinct. Cook county, Illinois in 1836, and at Plainfield 
in 1855. During this year he was married to Miss Elizabeth, 
daughter of Lorenzo Rhodes of Jefferson county, New York, 
an old settler of Plainfield. They are the parents of five chil- 
dren. 

John Sennitt, born at Stretham, England, January 15, 1830; 
came to the United States in 1854 and settled in Plainfield 
township in 1857. In 1860 he was deputy to postmaster K. J. 
Hammonds; continued under W. Wright in 1861; again under 
W. R. Frasier, was appointed postmaster by General Grant and 
re-appointed down to the present time; thus making a quarter 
of a century postmaster. In April, 1871, Mr. Sennitt was mar- 
ried to Miss Emma H. Drew. 

Seneca Sly, born in Washington county, New York, May 25, 
1816; moved to Will county in 1846 and settled in Lockport 
township; removed to his present residence at Plainfield in 
February, 1881. He was married in Wayne county, New York 
in 1837, to Miss Sarah J. Gordon, daughter of David Gordon of 
Wayne county. New York; has a family of three sons and one 
daughter living, viz. : AVinfield S. Sly, pastor Methodist Church, 
Jackson, Michigan; Eugene R. Sly, shipper, of Lexington, Ill- 
inois; Millard F. Sly, farmer, Lockport township; Rossetta P. 
Sly, married to Isaac C. Felt of Joliet, Illinois. Mr. Sly has 
served as highway commissioner, trustee and sujoervisor of 
Lockport township. 

John D. SJteffler, born in Centre county, Pa., in 1817, settled 
at Plainfield in 1846, shortly after his marriage with Miss Sarah, 
daughter of John Tonner, of Centre county, Pa. He served on 
the first village board of Plainfield and was reelected three 
times. He was also assessor of the town for three terms, and is 
a member of the Plainfield Cemetery Committee. He held the 
AVestern agency for the goods of Caultman & Co., of Canton, 
Ohio. (See also Local and General History.) 

Joseph Sims, born in Madison county, N. Y., in 1805, settled 
near Plainfield in 1853, where he is now engaged in agriculture. 
Mr. Sims was married in 1830 to Miss Maria Clough, daughter 
of John Clough, of Madison county. New York. 

Solomon Simmons, born in Columbia county, N. Y., in 
March, 1812; moved to Will county from Ohio in 1844; settled 
in Wheatland township, and removed to his present residence 
in Plainfield village in December, 1881. Mr. Simmons was mar- 
ried in Monroe county, N. Y., on January 6, 1833, to Miss Mary 
Nettleton, daughter of Tiffany Nettleton of that county. He 
has a family of six children living, three sons and three daugh- 



6^'Z PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

ters. Mr. Simmons was appointed enrolling commissioner (by- 
President Lincoln) of the sixth congressional district in 1863, 
and served till the close of the war; was elected county judge 
in 1853, and served three years; has held the office of agent for 
the Will county poor house since 1859. 

George Y. Smith, born in Centre county, Pa., August 8, 
1813, settled near Plainfield in 1851. Miss Magdalena Eeam, to 
whom he was married Pctober 6, 1836, was born in Summit 
county, Ohio, January k, 1818. His farm is situated on sec- 
tion 1. 

Heni-y Spangler was born in Centre county. Pa., in 1834, 
and removed to Will county in 1848, settling on his present 
homestead in section 22, Plainfield township in 1859; was mar- 
ried in Plainfield in 1858 to Miss Mary Henselman, daughter of 
George Henselman of this county; has a family of three sons 
and one daughter, living in this county. 

Horace Spencer, M. D., born at Shaftsbury, Vermont, Feb- 
ruary 11, 1846; came to Hlinois in 1858; studied medicine under 
Dr. Perkins; again at the St. Louis Medical College, and grad- 
uated from the Chicago Medical College in 1871. Miss Hattie, 
daughter of Dr. 0. J. Corbin, to whom he was married Septem- 
ber 29, 1869, was born May 20, 1848. 

Harvey Stratton, born in Holden, Worcester county, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1820; came to Lake county, Illinois, in 1857, and 
located his present farm of 162 acres on section 9, Plainfield, in 
1869. Miss Louisa J. Bryant, to whom he was married in 1848, 
is a daughter of John Bryant, of Worcester county, Massachu- 
setts. Their family consists of W. H. Stratton, of Streator, 
Hlinois; and daughters. Miss Fannie L. and Miss Ella Stratton, 
of Plainfield. A reference to the Political Chapter and to the 
Official History of Plainfield, will show Mr. Stratton's public 
record. 

Noah Sunderland, born at Bridgeport, Vermont, December 
18, 1814; settled at Joliet, about 1848, and in this township in 
1849-50. From 1866 to 1876, he was owner and operator of the 
Plainfield flouring mill — in the latter year he rented this manu- 
facturing concern, but resumed the management. Miss Caroline 
Eandall, to whom he was married April 29, 1841, was born at 
Hoosick Falls, New York, May 7, 1812. Her parents were na- 
tives of "Connecticut. 

A. H Tyler, son of S. B. Tyler, was born in Wheatland town- 
ship, in 1851; was married to Miss Alice L. daughter of Alonzo 
Eay, of Joliet, October 28, 1880. His farm of about 200 acres is 
situate on section 1, Plainfield. 

S. B. Tyler, born in Sullivan county, New York, February 
23, 1811; settled in Hlinois, in 1835, and followed the carpenter 
trade until 1861. Miss Ruth W. Flanders, sister of the late 
Jason Flanders, to whom he was first married, died April 5, 1873, 



PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 383 

aged fifty-eight years. Mrs. Adela A. Goddard, to whom he was 
married in 1875, is the daughter of Dr. Wight, deceased, and 
the widow of captain Goddard, formerly of Company G, One 
Hundredth Illinois Infantry. Alfred and Albert Tyler, served 
also in this command. — (See Military Chapter). 

Johii Van Home, born in Berrien county, New Jersey, May 
17, 1834; came with parents to Plainfield, in 1843; engaged in 
agriculture on the original farm until 1S55, when he settled on 
his farm in section 27. JNEiss F. H. Elwell, whom he married 
June 4, 1873, was born at South Shaftsbury, Vermont, October 
IG, 1839. 

Cornelius G. Van Home, and his wife,Miss Ann (Van Houten) 
Van Home, natives of New Jersey, settled here in 1843. The 
former died April 15, 1877; the latter. May 8, 1873. 

Ira Vanolinda, born in Saratoga connty. New York, Septem- 
ber 1, 1833; settled in Kendall county, in 1848. He visited 
California, returned and opened a general store at Frankfort; 
next settled on his farm in Plainfield, then opened a general 
store in the village, which he conducted until 1873. Miss Louisa 
Graw, his first wife, died December 10, 1870. He married Mrs. 
Catherine (Burdick) Wilder (born in Orleans county. New York, 
in 1835), April 33, 1874. He has filled various town and village 
offices. 

Vetal Vermette, a native of Canada, came to Plainfield abont 
1833; located there in 1835; entered tlie service of the American 
Fur Company; was an employe of this company on the npper 
Missouri, and subsequently a hunter among the Umatillas of 
Oregon. — (See Historical Paper, Northwest.) 

Rev. Jesse Walker, the pioneer American of Will county, 
was born in Virginia in 1766, entered the ministry of the M. E. 
church in 1804; two years later came to Illinois and in 1826 
visited the Indian village near Plainfield. In 1837 he was ap- 
pointed superintendent of the Fox River Mission; in 1839 took 
charge of theDesPhxines Mission, established numerous societies 
of the M. E. church throughout northern Illinois, and died at 
Plainfield in 1835. Fifteen years after his body was disinterred 
and reburied in the new cemetery, v/here a monument to his 
memory was erected by order of the Rock river Conference M. 
E. church. — (See General History.) 

Captain James Walker, born in Tennessee in 1793, settled at 
Ottawa, Ills., at an early date, married a daughter of Rev. Jesse 
Walker, and settled with his father-in-law at Plainfield in 1839. 
About this time he put up a mill driven by horse-power, and 
subsequently built a saw and grist mill. From this mill Reuben 
Flagg hauled the lumber of which the P. F. W. Peck store at 
Chicago was built in 1833. His connection with public affairs 
is referred to in the Organic and Political history of the county. 
His death occurred in 1850. 



384 PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP HISTOKT. 

Nathan C. Waltz, born in Corry, N. Y., in 1835, moved to 
Pennsylvania and thence to this village in 1854. He at once 
engaged in the harness business and his shoj) is the third one of 
the pioneer harness shops of Will county. He was married in 
1848 to Miss Eliza Eisenburth, of Centre county, Pa. His 
sons — John G. resides at Aurora, George W. at Missoula, M. T., 
and his daughter, Miss Marguerette L., resides at Plainfield. 
(See also Official History.) 

John B. Wagner, born in Centre county. Pa., in 1813, settled 
on section 12, Plainfield, in 1858, removed to the village of 
Plainfield in 1868, was married to Mrs. Elizabeth Davis, daugh- 
ter of Nicholas Conduit, of Centre county. Pa., May 3, 1883. 
In 183G he married Miss E. Sheffler, of Pennsylvania. His sec- 
ond wife, Miss Lena Shafi:ner, of New Lenox township, died in 
1883. Of his sons, William E. has served as clerk of the circuit 
court of St. Louis, Mo., for the last twelve years; James P. 
Wagner is a resident of Plainfield, and Andrew H. is book 
keeper in First National Bank of Joliet. 

R. D. Webb, born in England, August 2, 3 829, came to the 
United States in 1850, and to Plainfield in 1851. In 1862 he 
and Jacob Hoffer bought the Dillman foundry and established 
their wagon shop, which was burned January 28 1877. The 
people rebuilt the shops mimediately, and Mr. Webb resumed 
his business. In 1854 he revisited England, and there married 
Miss Mary Ward, of Yorkshire. 

E. J. Wood, born in Cheshire, Mass., December 21, 1809, 
settled on his farm in Plainfield, in 1845. In 1849 he opened a 
general store at Plainfield, was postmaster from 1849 to 1853, 
and has held the positions of road commissioner and town- 
ship assessor. Miss Hester A. Hills, who he married July 7, 
1831, was born in Lewis county, N. Y., August 1, 1814. Their 
golden wedding took place July 7, 1881. 

E. G. Wight, pioneer physician of Northern Illinois, was 
born at Richmond, Mass., October 2, 1793, and died at Plain- 
field, October 13, 1865. He came to Chicago in 1831, settled at 
Naperville in 1832, and at Plainfield in 1837, where he practiced 
medicine for twenty-eight years. His son, R. B. Wight, organ- 
ized the Plainfield battery in 1855. In 1838 he opened the first 
drug store at Plainfield; was one of nine students who com- 
posed the first class of Rush Medical College, Chicago. He 
was born at Kinderhook, N. Y., March 27, 1825, came west 
with his parents, and was married January 23, 1853, to Miss 
Eliza T. Bradley, of Geneva county, N. Y. 

John Williard, born in Windom county, Vt., May 19, 1813, 
settled in Kendall county, in September, 1849, and at Plainfield 
village, in October 1870. He was married in October, 1833, to 
Miss Virtue M., daughter of Lorenzo Rhodes, of Jefferson 



CHANNAHON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 385 

county, N. Y. Since 1880 he has been engaged in the gasoline 
stove trade, and now controls a large trade. 

IV. Willis, born in New Hamptonshire, Eng., in 1834, set- 
tled in Wheatland township, June 28, 1853, and at Plainfield 
village in 1881. He was married in February, 1855, to Mrs. 
Flavella Heedy, daughter of the late Chester Ingersoll. Mr. 
"Willis was for years mail carrier between DuPage and this vil- 
lage; was constable in DuPage from 18?2 to 1876, and is now 
police constable of Plainiield. 

CHANNAHON TOWNSHIP. 

This township was organized in 1850 with George Tryon, 
supervisor. Its name meaning the meeting of the waters, was 
suggested by Judge William 13. Peck; Hugh Henderson succeeded 
him in 1853, and served until suceeded by J. J. Schermerhorn 
in 1854, who held the office until 1857. Charles C. Smith 
served from 1857 to 18G2; E. H. Jessup, until 18G2-3; John T. 
Eandall, 1863-6; J. N. Fryer, 1866-84. The elections of 1884 
resulted in the choice of the following named officers: Super- 
visor, George Alexander; Assesor. P. O'Boyle; Town Clerk, 
0. S. Bedford; Collector, Henry B. Clark; Highway C^ommis- 
sioner, Allen P. Carpenter; School Trustee, James Noonan. 
The population in 1880 was 1,105; the assessed valuation for 
1883-4 aggregated 1303,552; the tax levy was $8,258.86, includ- 
ing $2,498.62 school taxes. 

So early as 1831 Joseph Shoemaker, an Ohioan, made a set- 
tlement near Reed's Grove. In 1834 Dr. Ira 0. Knajij), Mrs. 
Knapp, the doctor's sister, George Tryon and Russell Tryon 
were guided to this point by Alford McGill, of Troy, and 
here on section 8 Dr. Knapp erected the first substantial log house 
in the township. Seymore Treat and his sons Stephen and 
Isaiah (Dr.) Treat, settled on Treat's Island in 1833, the Greggs 
and the Thornbergs settled in the neighborhood before the 
Tryon's arrived. Even in 1832 Joseph McClune, J. Troutman, 
and other pioneers came in whose names are not remembered. 
Michael Moorehouse and wife (formerly Mrs. Fryer) and J. N. 
Fryer, a son of Mrs. Moorehouse, followed the example of the 
Knapps, and settled on section 17, in 1834; Jacob B. Scher- 
merhorn and his father. Dr. Schermerhorn came in 1834. The 
same year settlements were made by Isaac Jessup, H. D. Risley, 
John S. Jessup, Jedediah Gerry and Walter Fames; Gibson, 
Willard and Paul Baurlyte; John Ward, Negro Dick, George 
Knapp (a native), D. C. Hemphill. In 1835 came W. B. Peck, 
Barant Schermerhorn, Peter McCowan, Patrick Burk and Isaac 
Van Alstine, Reuben G. Willard, Joseph Davis, Orrin S. Knapp 
(native), E. C. Fellows; Rev. Mr. Perry, arrived in 1836; Michael 
Long, in 1837; George Alexander, 1837; Daniel Bailey, Julius 
Sackett, P. F. Dooley, James Dooley, J. Alexander, in 1838. 



386 CHANNAHON TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

George W. McCune and W. F. Moore, 1841; Channcey Stickney 
and Marvin Benjamin, 1844-5; George B. Davis, 1846; C. C. 

Smith, 1847; Hugh Henderson, ; Stephen Glidden, 1848; 

Joseph Lewis, 1850; Joseph Pitch, M. D., 1852; John T. Ean- 
dall, 1854; Caleb Fowler, 1854; E. E. Bates, 1856; Charles 
McGowan, 1857. The death of Jedediah Fames in 1836 spread 
gloom over the little settlement; while walking toward the house 
he was struck by the electric fluid and killed. A postoffice was 
established in 1836, with W. B. Peck, master. Eev. Mr. Perry 
was the first preacher and school teacher; he entering on these 
labors in 1836. The following winter the old school-house on 
section 8 was erected. Treat's mill was subsequently built in 
1838, and the neighborhood was the centre of settlement until 
the village of Channahon was laid out and the postoffice moved 
thereto. 

Channalwn Village. — This location was platted by Marvin 
Benjamin, 1845, under the name Duj^age. The proprietor 
erected a house on the plat, which was used as the hotel of the 
village for some time, after which it became the property of 
David Billsland. In 1845 the first store in the township was 
opened here by Chaunccy Stickney; Julius Sackett came in 1838 
and opened a blacksmithshop. Such were the beginnings of this 
prettily located village. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church had her ministers here al- 
most as soon as Eev. Mr. Perry had inculcated the doctrines of 
his faith. In 1853 this society completed a house of worship. 
In 1869 the present pretentious school building was erected, 
taking the place of the building of 1854, which was destroyed 
by fire in 1868. Channahon Lodge No. 262, chartered in 1857, 
represents the masonic order here. The village is close to two 
lines of railroads, which with the beauty of its location, justifies 
hope for its advancement. 

Tax-payers of Channahon Tow7iship. — In this list C. is an 
abbreviation of Channahon; W. of Wilmington; M. of Min- 
ooka, Grundy county; B. B. of Bird's Bridge; El. of Elwood; 
and /. of Joliet. 

Abell, Edw., 17 C Bailey, Daniel, 13 El Brackus, Lucian, C 

Adams, L. C, C Bailey, Calneh, 2i El Brown, Peter, C 

Adams, Lucy C, C Bates, E. E. Brumick, Alexander, C 

Alerighon, .John, C Bates, Elizabeth, C Bradley, Mary, El 

Althouse, Walker, 9 C Bedford. Stephen, C Brisdoe, Patrick, 20 C 

Althouse, Henry, W Beattie, Robert, B Bradshaw, H., M 

Alexander, George, 15 C Bell, AVilliam, 18 C Bradford, L. E., C 

Alexander, John, C Bedford, Charles, C Bradford, C. 

Anthony, Charles, 8 C Bedford, O. S., C Buel, Charles, 17 C 

Ardaugh, Patrick, 14 C Billsland, D., C Buel, George, C 

Austin, Horace, C Billsland, N., C Buell, Morton 

Baumgartner, M., 32 C Bowers, Jacob, 31 C Burden, William 

Barlight, Nicholas, 8 C Bossenacker, G. P., C Carmodey, S., C 

Bargo, Thomas, C Bowman, William, C Caveuder, Wm. H., B B 



CHANNAHON TOWNSHIP HISTOKY. 



387 



Carpenter, Allen, 4 C 
Cantrell, L. M., 3 
Cavender & Stevens, C 
Carroll, Thomas, 19 M 
Cass, John, 30 J 
Claughlin, Mich., 2 B B 
Clarke, Arabella, 2 C 
Clauser, J. C, C 
Cooley, M 

Connell, James, 5 M 
Calleps, John, 6 M 
Conroy, Patrick, C 
Conroy, John, C 
Cornelius, Charles, 31 C 
Coughlin, Edw., C 
Coyle, Peter, Mrs., 29 C 
Comstock«&Co., 16 C 
Coyle, Ellen, 31 C 
Coyle, Peter, 32 C 
Cooley, Lucy, C 
Corbin, Peter, 36 
Crate, James V., 36 
Curtis, Cyrus 
Davis, George B., 16 C 
Davis, R. P. 
Day, S. L., C 
Day, L. S., C 
Dewey, J. B. & O. A., 

26 C 
Deline, Moses, 24 C 
De Witt, John, C 
Dewitt, E., C 
Doyle, John, C 
Downey, Peter, 9 C 
Drew, J. C. M., C 
Drout, Peter, C 
Drew, John, C 
Drout, P., 14C 
Drew, D. P., C 
Dunne, James, 31 W 
Effner, E. W, 
Effner, John, 17 C 
Elsbury, William, El 
Ellington, John, C 
Farnsworth, G. W., BB 
Fallen, Michael, 1 J 
Fallen, John, 1 J 
Faut, C, 36 
Farrell, J. D., C 
Fender, George W. , M 
Feeney, Bernard, 19 C 
Feeney, Robert, 19 C 
Feeney, John, C 
Ferguson, Alex., 7 M 
Fender, George, M 
Fitch, Joseph, C 
Fowler & Rawdale 
Fowler, Fred., C 
Fowler, C. E. 



Fowler, Caleb, C 
Foster, George, 6 M 
Fryer, J. N., 17C 
Frilchne, Joseph, C 
Frederick, Peter, C 
Fries, A. J., 3 
Freckleton, James, M 
Gaskell, D. K., 8M 
Gatheny, William, C 
Gaskell & Jenson, C 
Garritty, Patrick, 5 
Gaskell, George, 30 C 
Gearj', Joseph, C 
Geary, Mary, 15 
Glidden, Stephen, 10 C 
Goodjohn, Thos., 18 El 
Gorman, Timothy, C 
Gonland, Chas., C 
Gonlaud, H., 36 
Goodenough, J., 35 
Goodenouuh, G. W., 36 
Grant, James, 23 El 
Grant, John A., El 
Green, M., C 
Hadfleld, Hannah, C 
Haley, Richard, 13 El 
Haley, C, Jr., 13 C 
Haley, ]\Iichael, El 
Hart, John, C 
Hart, James, 17 C 
Hathaway, Wm., C 
Hannah, John, C 
Haviland, H. A., C 
Hess, Joseph, 1 J 
Heriman, James, C 
Herbert, Thomas, 23 C 
Harbcrt, Patrick, C 
Herrin, Jacob 
Hemphill, D. C, 24 El 
Henderson, Delia, C 
He.ss, Anthony, C 
Hennesy, Mrs., 3 
Herbert, Wm., C 
Hicks, Manley, C 
Hick, M. P., C 
Hill, J. H., 36 
Horton, J. L., C 
Hutchins, Geo., C 
Jackson, A, M., C 
Jennings, Wm., C 
Jennings. And., El 
Jessup, Edw , 17 C 
Jessup, Jos., 13 W 
Johnson, Robt., 36 El 
Johnson, R. W., C 
Johnson, Mrs., C 
Judge, A., 1 
Ketcham, J., 6 M 
Kemp, L., C 



Kile, Geo., 9 Chicago 
Kipp, H., C 
Kipp, A. C, 9 C 
Kickles, Mat., 30 
Knapp, John, C 
Knapp, IraO., 8C 
Knapp, Solon, C 
Lenicher, Peter, 3 J 
Lepold, Wm.,12 J 
Lepold, xlmos, 12 J 
Lewis, Jos., C 
Lepold, Henry, 12 J 
Lepold, August, 12 J 
Leyer, J. A., C 
Lepold, H., J 
Lepold, Gustave, J 
Ledyard, Wm., C 
Lish, Byron, C 
Long, Michael, B B 
Lonergan, James, 23 C 
Long,"S. D., C 
Long, James, 10 C 
Lowery, Wm., C 
Lowe, H., 34 C 
Matthews, D., C 
Martin, F., 6M 
Martin, J. W., J 
Martin, Thos., C 
Martin, Fred., M 
Manning Elizabeth, 16 C 
McCormick, A. H., C 
McjMichael, R., C 
McCowan, J., 5 C 
McKune. Geo., 23 El 
McDonakl, John, 19 C 
Mclintock, W, 3 B 
McCowan, Chas., 7 C 
Miller, James, 33 C 
Miller, Alex., 1 C 
Mills, Thos., 15 C 
Mix, Jos., C 
Mills, Oscar, 10 C 
Miller, R. C, C 
Miller, A., 1 J 
Miller, J. A., C 
Miller, J. O., 8C 
Monahan, Jas., 2 C 
Moran, Owen, 1 J 
Morehouse, Micha'l, 17 C 
Munroe, E. S., C 
Munson, S., C 
Newman, Eben'z'r, 24 El 
Nichols, Henry, 1 J 
Noonan, Michael, 22 C 
Norton, W. H., 25 
Norton, L. S., 18 
Noonan, Dennis, C 
Noonan, James, 22 C 
O'Brien, David, 27 C 



388 



CRETE TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



O'Boyle, Patrick, C 
O'Brien, Wm., 2 B B 
O'Brien, John, 23 C 
Ogden, M. D., 30 Chi- 
cago. 
Osgood, W., J 
Padley, H. , 2 J 
Perry, Hiram 
Peasel, Chas. 
Porter, Lennon, 3 C 
Price, Thos., J 
Proud, Mrs. Phoebe, C 
Quigley, Andrew, J 
Raleigh, P. & J., 35 
Raleigh, Margaret, C 
Randall, J. T., 9 C 
Raleigh, Thos., 14 C 
Raleigh, Patrick, 23 C 
Randall, G., C 
Rhodes, S., 34 
Reynolds, M., 36 
Riley, Thos., 32 C 
Rogers, Est. of, 31 
Rockwell, S , 24 W 
Roderick, Eli, 36 El 



Schweitzer, Gas. , 2 J 
Scheick, Thos.,M 
Seymore, C. E., G 
Searles, A. D. Jr., 7M 
Shiels, Thos.. 8G 
Shall, John, C 
Shoemaker, Mrs. P., C 
Sing, Adam, 1 J 
Sing, Sophia, 1 J 
Smet, A., 5 
Smet, G., 17 
Smith, Frank, C 
Smith, A. H., 22 C 
Smith, Geo., 21 C 
Smith, C. C, 20 
Smith, Jas. H., C 
Specia, Jos., C 
Specia, Benj., C 
Sprague, E. B., C 
Stolder, Jos. L., C 
Stakes, W., G 
Stakes, Fr. Jr. , 36 
St. Clair, David. W 
Stafford, Dan., 6M 
Stevens, A. L 



Roderick, Mrs., C. 36 El Stolder, L., 13 G 
Russell, Frances, 30 
Sage, E W.,18C 
Sage, Elija h, G 
Sasse, Fred., 36 El 
Schermerhoose & Mer- 
rick, G 
Scroggins, Josiah, G 



Thornburg, Robt, 24 C 
Thornburg, N., 25 El 
Theil, Aug , 1 
Tryon, Geo., 8C 
Truby, M.,3BB 
Van Alstine, Isaac, 2 C 
Van Alstine, M., 10 C 
Venner, James, 18 G 
Vix, Jos., G 
Wagner, F., G 
Wagner, Chas., G 
Walsh, John, M 
Wagner, Conrad, 20 G 
Watson, Jesse, C. 
Watson, J. L., G 
Walker Est. of, C 
Wenell, Frank, G 
Webber, John, 9 G 
Webber, Wm 
West, Ephraim, 7 C 
Wentworth, D. S.,Chi'go 
Whitmore, A., 20 C 
Whitmore, S. W., G 
AVhithington, Mrs., G 
Wiese, Walter, G 
Willard, Wm., 8 
Willard, C. S., G 
Willard, C. S., G 
Worthey, Wm. Jr., 3 C 
Woodruff, George, 
Yates, R. A., C 



Stickney, Benj., 24 El 
Stales, Frank, 13 El 
Sheet, J. R., J 
Shong, Wm., 3 
Stewart, M. U., M 
Tait, Michael, 20 G 
Thornburg, U. T., C 

Superintendent McKeman's report for 1883 gives the follow- 
ing statistics: 587 persons under twenty-one years; 334 enrolled; 
eight teachers; five school buildings, etc., valued at $14,500; 
expenditures for year, $3,233.23. 

CRETE TOWNSHIP. 

The original town, embracing Crete and Washington was set 
off in 1850 as a township under the name Crete, and an election 
of officers held April 2, that year. The votes cast numbered 
109; Nicholas Brown was elected supervisor; D. S. Henderson, 
clerk; J. Luce, assessor; D. Wiliiins, collector; Horace Adams, 
officer of police; H. Sprague and J. Marsh, justices of the 
peace; H. E. and 0. H. Barrett, constables; S. W. Chapman, 
William Hewes and A. Wilder, commissioners of highways. The 
roll of supervisors is as follows: N. Brown, 1850; A. Wilder, 
1851-53; Willard Wood, 1854; Z. Henderson, 1855; Willard 
Wood, 1856; M. Kile, 1857; H. H. Minard, 1858; W. Hewes, 
1859; C. Tatge, 1860; N. Brown, 1861; E. W. Beach, 1862; 
H. A. Dean, 1863; C. Tatge, 1864; W. Hewes, 1865; C. T.uge, 
1866-7; C. Horn, 1868; J. O'Meier, 1869-71; C. Horn, 1872; 
J. O'Meier, 1873-74; D. S. Bordwell, 1875-76; John O'Meier, 



CKETE TOWNSHIP HISTOKY. 389 

1877-84. The elections of 1884 resulted in the choice of the 
following officers: Supervisor, D. S. Broadwell; town clerk, 
Emil Walter; assessor, J. D. Meyer; collector, Conrad Schweer; 
highway commissioner, H. C. Hartwuun. 

The aggregate assessed valuation is $508,156, yielding a tax 
in 1884 of !t^ 8,^6 42. 04, including a school tax of $2,'085.25. The 
population in 1880 was 1,703, of which number 539 belonged to 
Crete village. 

The first settlements were made at Tliorn Grove, Beebe's 
Grove, and Wood's Corners — now Crete village. David Haner 
located at Thorn Grove in 1833-4. George W. Woodruff states 
that the following named settlers arrived in the years given: 
In 1833-4, Major Price, William Osborn and Asa Dade; in 
1835-6, Minori's Beebe, Shipman Frank, Qnartus Marsh and 
four sons (Jonathan, Edwin, Horatio and Henry), James L. 
Dean, William Bryant, J. Stalcop, William R. Starr, Willard 
Wood, Dtacon Samuel Gushing, Norman Northrop, John H. 
Bennett, Moses H. Cook, Henry Milliken, Charles AVood, 
Hazen Adams, John Kyle and son, Enoch Dodge, Henry Ayres, 
David Haner, John E. Hewes, J. W. Stafford and three sons. 
On the authority of entry books and public records the follow- 
list of settlers is given: James Rice and William Brooks, 1834; 
A. R. Starr and Erastus Cole, 1835; Enoch Dodge, 1838; 
Hiram Rowley, John Kyle, Cynthia Kyle, 1833; Mmoris 
Beebe, 1834; Hardin Beebe, Q. Marsh and sons, 1835; Willard 
Wood, 1836; Daniel E. Hewes, Luman Hewes, seven sons and 
one daughter, Nathan Frank, David Ripley, 1837; Moses H. 
Cook, Samuel Gushing, Moses Cook, Franklin Goodenow, 
George W. Goodenow, 1838; John Dodge, 1840; Almou Wilder, 
E. B. Minard, G. W. Minard, M. D., Asa Lyttle, B. Board- 
man, J. E. Burritt, Elisha Burritt, H. Mulligan, Norman 
Northrup about 1840; H. Hitchcock, M. D., 1841; P. H. 
Adams. 1845; Willard T. Wood, 1846; Frank J. Goodenow, 
John C. Muir, 1848; J. 0. Pipenbrink, 1849; AYilliam Reime, 
Ernest Reime, 1850; Conard Tatge, John Scheive, 1851; 
Abram Darling, 1853; Joseph Perry, R. G. Cossart, 1854; 
Gustavus Brauns, 1856; Philip Jurdennig, Conrad Hecht, 
Christopher Batterman, Henry Ohlendorf, John Windhiene, 
arrived from 1849 to 1852. So early as 1836 there were at 
Thorn Grove or in the vicinity, John McCoy, H. D. Bell, 
John W. Cole, S. W. Cooper, Hollis Newton, J. M. Chase, 
many of whom had their families with them as shown in the 
history of the towns to which they belonged. Shipman Frank 
was the first postmaster in the township, being appointed in 
1836. Crete postoffice was establislied under its present name, 
and from it Wood's Corners and the township take the name. 

Willard Wood taught the first school in the township in the 
Avinter of 1837-8. On April 11, 1840, the school township 



390 CRETE TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

was organized, with Luman Hewes, M. H. Cook, and [N'or- 
man Northrup as trustees, and James L. Miner as treasurer 
and clerk. Miner, however, refused to act, and Willard Wood 
was chosen in his place, and continued in office until 1846, 
when Eichard Brown was appointed. The board divided the 
township into three school districts, with the six northeast 
sections, or Beebe's Grove, as District No. 1; the northwest 
twelve sections, or Thorn Grove, as No. 2, and the south half of 
the township as No. 3. The first two districts organized at 
once, and under the public system Miss Eliza Burritt taught 
during the summer of 1840 at Beebe's Grove. E. Smith con- 
ducted the school at Thorn Grove in 1840, and in November, 
1841 school district No. 3 was established. (See Statistics after 
Eoll of Taxpayers.) 

Methodist Episcopal Church of Crete was organized at Thorn 
Grove in 1836, with John McCoy, Henry D. Bell, and their 
families, John W. Cole, S. W. Cooper, Hollis Newton, and 
John M. Chase, members. Stepen E. Breggs was the first 
pastor. The joresent membership is fifty-four. In 1841 the 
headquarters of the society moved to Crete. In 1852 a house of 
worship was erected, at a cost ^1,500. The property of the 
society now is valued at 12,500. 

Congregational Church. — A Congregational society was 
organized at Beebe's Grove in 1839 by Eeverend David Eipley. 
In 1845 Eeverend E. C. Brige organized a society at Thorn 
Grove, which consolidated with the original society in 1848, 
and both joined in erecting the Congregational church. The 
membership is fifty, with seventy Sunday-school scholars, and 
property valued at $2,000. 

German Lutheran Trinity Church was formed from the 
society at Beebe's Grove, and that near Wood's Corners. It is 
said in the old history that Eeverend C. Weil was the first min- 
ister, and preached in 1849. He was succeeded by Eeverend 
August Selle, who labored for eight years here, and organized 
the first Lutheran church established at Chicago. In 1860 
their house of worship was erected, nearly a mile south of the 
village of Crete, at a cost of 12,640. The society also owns two 
school houses, one southeast and the other southwest of the 
village. They also have a school in the public school-building 
in the village, in which the religion of the church, the German 
language, and some of the primary branches taught in the 
common schools, are learned, Eeverend Gottlieb Traub was 
for a number of years pastor of the church. At its first organ- 
ization there were thirteen families. 

The Albright Evangelical Church, located in the south- 
eastern corner of the township, was established in 1856, by 
Eeverend George Fetters, with twelve families. In 1862, under 



CRETE TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 391 

the pastorate of Reverend Noah McLain, a small house of 
worship was erected for $800, on land owned by Conrad Hecht. 

Crete Village.— ^o early as 183o Willard Wood located his 
cabin on the site of the village and opened it to travelers as 
a hotel. In 1849 he had the location platted as a village, built 
the original part of the Ilewes House, and in conjunction with 
H. H. Huntley, who opened a store there the same year; Z. 
Henderson, who opened a store in 1850; Dr. George W. Minard, 
George Gridley, the original blacksmith of Wood's corners; Dr. 
H. H. Hitchcock, the first physician, and B. F. and Daniel E. 
Hewes took decided steps to build up the town. In 1869 the 
sash, door and blind factory was established by Conrad Tatge, 
Chris. Knabe, William Hahnlein and F. Sennholtz. In 1871 
it was transferred to a stock company, with Walter Locke 
manager and Gus. Brauns secretary. Willard Wood was the first 
settler, the first school-teacher, the first postmaster, and the 
first hotel keeper in the village. A paper named the Crete 
Enterprise was founded here in 1875 by C. E, Carter. 

Goodenow Village, was founded in 1869-70 by George W. 
Goodenow, a settler of 1838; here,, with his son Frank, started a 
store; also in the hay-press business, which business they have 
been engaged in ever since. In 1870 the C. & E. I. railroad 
opened a depot here and appointed Frank I. Goodenow agent. 
During this year William Koppmeir opened a saloon, Herman 
Brinker erected a wagon shop. In 1872 Abram Darling moved 
into the village and built a blacksmith shop, which he rented to 
Samuel Rose. The post office was established in 1870 with F. 
J. Goodenow postmaster. 

Roll of Tax-payers of Crete Townsliip. — In giving the names 
of taxpayers, the figures represent the section ; Cr. is an abbre- 
viation of Crete ; En., of Endor ; Gn., of Goodenow ; E. L., 
of Eagle Lake; D., of Dwyer, Indiana; Bm , of Bloom, Cook 
county; Br., of Beecher ; J/., of Monee, and P., of Peotone. 

Adams, P. H., 4 Cr Arkenburg, Henry, Gn Baker, J. L. & F. S., Cr 

Adams, Jule, 5 Cr Arkenburg, Wm., 32 Cr Baker, Geo., Gn 

Adams, F. J., Cr Arkenburg, F., Gn Baker, Christ, 7 Cr 

Adams, E. O., Cr Austin, M., 9 Cr Baker, Martin, 13 Cr 

Adams, G. W., 7 Cr Austin, Herman Baumer, J. M., En 

Adams, Henry E., P Batterman, C, 7 Cr Bankratz, T., 13 D 

Adams, Reuben, Cr Baterman, Fred., 6 Cr Berg, Elizabeth 

Adams, F. J., Cr Baurmeister, Wm., 6 En Behrens, Henry, Cr 

Adams, L., 4 Cr Batterman, H.,En Bergmier, George, 19 Cr 

Adams, W. C, 4 Cr Baker, Ellen J. Behrers, J. C, f9 Cr 

Adams, Mont., Cr Bauser, Henry, Cr Bernhardt, Fied., 7 Cr 

Ah; ens, Geo., Cr Backus, Chris. Bernhardt, Henry, E L 

American Ex. Co , Cr Barker, C, En Betheman, Chris'pher, Cr 

Andrews, John, Gn Baker, G. F., 31 Gn Beke, Ernst, Gn 

Apking, Geo., Gn Baumer, i\Ialhias, Cr Berg, ISicholas, Gn 

Apking. Henry, 31 Gn Bathman, H., 18 E L Bernhardt, Gott, Cr 

Arkenburg, Fr'd., 23 Gn Baker, C. A., 6 Cr Beekman, T. 

Arendt, Jos., Cr Barthle, Fred. Bekoe, Fred. 



392 



CRETE TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



Bergan, Martin 
Becker, Chas., 24 Cr 
Becker, M.,13Cr 
Beckman, F., 7 Cr ; 
Bergmeyer, Gott, 33 Cr 
Behrens, Con., Cr 
Bergmeir, S., 12 Cr 
Biesterfeldt, Fred., 15 Cr 
Besig, John, Gn 
Bock, Conrad, 7 Br 
Boss, John, 6 Cr 
Boiigess, Henry, 5 En 
Bordwell, D., 5 Cr 
Boyers, L., Cr 
Baker, Chris., Cr 
Boyers, Peter, 9 Cr 
Borgers, John, Cr 
Boyers, D., Cr 
Bovvden, Jacob, 3 Cr 
Bergmeyer, Fred., 7 Cr 
Bandt, H., Cr 
Bredmeyer, Win. 
Brauns, Harry, 18 E L 
Brinker, J. J., 23 Cr 
Bremer, Henry, 13 En 
Bremer, Fred. , 7 En 
Brill, Joseph, Cr 
Brintlort, Henry, Cr 
Breeus, Wm., Cr 
Brandt, Henry, 3 Cr 
Brown, C. M., Cr 
Brackman, H., Cr 
Braun, Chris., Cr 
Brauns, G., 9 Cr 
Brass, M. D., Cr 
Brisbane, Jas. W. , 4 Cr 
Buhne, C. H., 7 En 
Bunger, Henry 
Bush, Henry, Cr 
Burville, L., 16 Cr 
Buffington, Wm., 18 En 
Burgest, Henry 
Butr, Henry, 7 Cr 
Buckmeir 

Bathe, Henry, 28 Gn 
Burns, A. H., Cr 
Caldwell, A. 

Calverlange, H. K.,6Cr 
Cassard, R. G , 23 Cr 
Campbell, J. F., 28 Cr 
Cassard, E. L., 20 Cr 
C. &E. I. R'roadCo.,Cr 
Cherra, Chas., 7 Cr 
Chadwick, M., Gn 
Cinnamon, A., Cr 
Claus, C, 12 Br 
Claus, J. P., 6 Cr 

Clemmons, C, 6 

Clausing, Fred, 



Clausing, Chas., 13 EL 
Claus, Henry, 7 Cr 
Clause, John, Br 
Clossen, W., Cr 
Claus, H. C, Cr 
Clauser, John, Cr 
Cooper, S. W., 18 Cr 
Cooper, S. W., M 
Cook, Geo., Cr 
Cook, AVillis, Cr 
Cole, Henry, 5 Cr 
Cole, J. W., 9 Cr 
Cole, Henry, 6 Cr 
Cook, Hannah, Cr. 
Cook, Wm., 13 Cr 
Cragle, Henry, 7 Gu 
Crete Mfg. Co., 16 
Crete Insurance Co. 
Dabrlel, John, 1 D 
Danaskay, P., 6 Cr 
Daus, F., Cr 
Daup, Geo., Cr 
Dapp, B., Cr 
Danne, Chris., 18 En 
Darling, A., 33 Gn 
Darling, B. H., Gn 
Danike, Louis, Cr 
Dier^on, J. W., 12 Cr 
Dierson, Wm., 12 
Dierson, J., 9 Cr 
Dierson, Wm., Cr 
Dose, Peter H. 
Dohmier, Henry, 22 Cr 
Dohmier, J. O., Cr 
Doescher, Jacob, En 
Doescher, J. C, 12 En 
Doerseher, H. N., 9 Cr 
Dodge, John, 17, 8 Cr 
Dodsre, MaryE., 17 Cr 
Dodge, C.&S. E., Cr 
Dolf, W. B., Cr 
Dodge, F., 6 Cr 
Dodge, A. C, 6 Cr 
Drangmeister, H., 5 En 
Dutcher, Wm., 6 M 
Dunning, Henry, 16 Cr 
Dunning, E., Cr 
Dunning, H., Jr., 28 Cr 
Eh ram, Peter, 5 D 
Eldting, John, En 
Engelkong,H. H.,12EL 
Englebrecht, Fred. Cr 
Engleking, Philip, 6 Cr 
Engleking, Henry, 6 Cr 
Erengson, Fred., 12 E L 
Erengson, Fred., 12 Cr 
Esons, Thomas, 6 
Falch, John 
Fassett, A. C, Cr 



Famam, L.. 8 Cr 
Feste, Henry, Gn 
Fisham, Peter 
Fiske, F., 28EL 
FJeischer, O., Cr 
Fleischer, Hannah, 20 Cr 
Flicknigger, F., Cr 
Forbes, G., Cr 
Frenker, Henry, Gn 
Fritschell, Harmon, 16 Cr 
Fricke, Henry, Cr 
Frank, F. H., Gn 
Frank, H., Gn 
Gammon, A., Cr 
Gaines, H. N., 8 Cr 
Glade, Chris., 7 En 
Glade. Fred., 7 En 
Glickenker, F., Cr 
Goodenow, J. B., 33 Gn 
Goodenow, Christ. 
Goodenow, Chas. , 34 Gn 
Goodenow, Mary O., 31 

Gn 
Graham, James, Gn 
Gray, John, 6 Cr 
Graham, E., 27 Gn 
Grote, Henry, 17 Cr 
Grape, Fred., Cr 
Grupe, F., 12 Cr 
Grote, Herman, 7 Cr 
Gridlay, J. W., 6 Cr. 
Grabe, J., Cr 
Grazes, H., Gn 
Hanfeldt, Wm., 3 Cr 
Harmon, Martin, Cr 
Hase, Henry, 7 Cr 
Harman, Henry, 6 Cr 
Hartman, H. J., Cr 
Haske, Fred., 36 Gn 
Harmening, C , Cr 
Hathendorf, Fred., Cr 
Hasderkapp, J. H., 13 Cr 
Hathendorf, Con., 25 Cr 
Hattendorf, Fred., 17 Cr 
Hartman, J. C, 24 Cr 
Hassman, Henry, 23 Cr 
Hassman, John, 23 Cr 
Hasdikopp, Chris. 6 Gn 
Hake, D. 
Hadlield, Sophia 
Hassman, Christ 
Hattendorf, Henry, 6 Cr 
Halsenkost, Henry, Cr 
Harderkopp, Henry, Cr 
Hardikopp, J. H.,'30 Cr 
Harmening, John, 3 Cr 
Hammond, Henry 
Hanfeldt, H., Chicago 
Harrett, John, Cr 



CRETE TOWrNSHIP HISTORY. 



393 



Hart, John 
Habekust, H., Cr 
Hassel brink, A. Gn 
Happmeyer, "Wm., 7 Cr 
Hassman, Wm., Cr 
Hasset, C, 3 Cr 
Harmening, J. C, 23 Cr 
Hewes, F. L., Cr 
Herman, Christ, 9 Cr 
Heine, Gottlieb, En 
Hewes, Samuel 
Hewes, John E. , Cr 
Hendricks, J., 13 Gn 
Helgman, Charles 
Heinn, Philip O , Cr 
Heineman, B., 9 Cr 
Helman, Henry, M 
Hewes, Geo., Cr 
Hewes, H., Chicago 
Heinker, F., Cr 
Hewse, B. F., 8 Cr 
Hermon, Chris., Cr 
Henrichs, Fred, 13 Cr 
Heine, Gott, 7 Cr 
Hellman, Fred, 6 Cr. 
Hemming, W., Cr 
Hewes, T. E., 28 Cr 
Hewes, Lydia, 9 Cr 
Hewes, D. E., 21 Cr 
Heman & Sons, 6 D 
Henze, H., 3 Cr 
Hitzerman, C, 7 En 
Himker, F., Cr 
Homan, H., 7 Cr 
Homeyer, Wm., 20 Cr 
Holle, Con.,20Cr 
Holle, Conrad, Cr 
Hopp, Peter, 6 D 
Hoffman, Jacob, 9 Cr 
Hood, S. & Son, 16 Cr 
Horneyer, Ernst, Cr 
Hoesberson, Carl, Cr 
Hoffman, G., Cr 
Homire, Ernst, Cr 
Horn, CharlcM, 9 Cr 
HoTan, Charles, Cr 
Holley, Henry, 6 Cr 
Hocktlman, T., 6 D 
Homeyer, Wm., 17 Cr 
Holze, H., Gn 
Houck, G., Cr 
Hothnn, Wm. , 12 En 
Hunter, James, 7 Bm 
Hantbow, Wm 
Jager, Bernhard, Cr 
Jager, Ben, Cr 
Jergens, John, Gn 
Jordening, Henry, 26 Cr 
Jordening, Conrad, Cr 
25 



Jordening, Philip, 7 Cr 
Kading, Fred, 13 En 
Katz, C, 31 E L 
Kappmeyer, Wm., Cr 
Kanke, T., 31 EL 
Keidisk, George, Cr 
Kemme, Henry, 13 En 
Keeling, Fred, Gn 
Kechling, Fred 
Keepen, T., Cr 
Kempke, H.,6 Cr 
Keelman, C, 6 D 
Kekoe, Frod, Cr 
Kilmen, C 
Keeper, A., Gn 
Knappmier, Fred, Gn 
Knoll, Michael 
Knabe, F., 13 Cr 
Knappmire, Louisa, Cr 
Knabe, Chris, 16 Cr 
Knabe, Al., 18 Cr 
Kohing, Wm., 31 Gn 
Kohle, Charles 
Kollin^, Fred, 13 Gn 
Kohling, C, Cr 
Kock, Fried, 18 Gn 
Kohling, F., Jr., Gn 
Koster, Carl, Cr 
Koster, Jr., C., Cr 
Koll, Michael, 5 D 
Kratze, Fred, E L 
Kratze, Fred, Sr., E L 
Kreft, R., 27 Cr 
Kregel, H., 32 Gn 
Kruse, C, 7 Cr 
Kurze, P., 13 Br 
Kuhlman, John, 36 Gn 
Kulige, Hpnry 
Lange, Jochin, 5 D 
Ladoux, Joseph C, Cr 
Lange, C, D 
Lewholtz, F., Cr 
Legmore, Henry 
Ldssing, J. F. , 9 Gn 
Lekenhoff, H. C, Cr 
Link, Geo., 6 D 
Liekmann, Fred 
Lowden, Joseph 
Lobestein, S., 13 Br 
Luke, Henry, 27 Cr 
Luke, Fred, 13 E L 
Lucht, Carl, 9 Cr 
Lux, J., 4Cr 
Luke, John, Gn 
Mayne, George 
Maxwell, J., 6 Br 
Martin, Wm., Cr 
Marwin, Chas., 31, E L 
Matthias, J. C, 18 En 



Martin, S., 9 Cr 
Marker, Henry, 6 Cr 
Marcy, A., Cr 
Matthias, C, En 
Martin, C, Cr 
Martin, F., 7Cr 
McPherson, H., Cr 
Mendenhath, Charles 
Mechlman, Francis 
Meyer, John D., 31 Cr 
Merrill, L. B., Cr 
Meir, J. O., Cr 
Meir, J. O., 12 Cr 
Meyer, F., 13 Gn 
Meyer, William, 33 Gn 
Meynerd, G. N., Cr 
Meyer, John D., 31 Cr 
Meyer, F., 34 Gn 
Miller, T. L., 27 Br 
Miller, H. H., 23 Cr 
Miller, John, 8 Cr 
Michael, Nicholas, 12 Cr 
Milbrook, Henry 
Miller, U. B., 9 Cr 
Miers, Edw., Cr 
Miller, Robert. 4 Cr 
Miller, David, 9 Bm 
Miller, William, 3 Cr 
Mills, R. J., Cr 
Miller, Emma J., Cr 
Miller, J. C, 7 Cr 
Miller, C, 6 Gn 
Miller, A. E., Gn 
Menard, G. W., Cr 
Miller, J. W., 4Cr 
Moller, Conrad, 16 Cr 
Megg, Henry 
Mattong, Henry, 6 Cr 
Motlong, Henry G., 5 Cr 
Morris, John, 3 Bm 
Morris, John R., 3 Bm 
Mueller, Henry, 5 Cr 
Muller, Henry, 5 D 
Myer, H. , 6 Cr 
Myrick, W., 8 Cr 
Naike, Fred., 16 Cr 
Narceive, William 
Nacke, John, 18 Cr 
Nacke, H., 18 Cr 
Nevens, W. H., Cr 
Niemeyer, C. , Cr 
Nordoff, H., 12D 
Noble, A. E., Gn 
Nolan, J., 13 Gn 
Oberlok, H., 8En 
Oberhide. Fred., 7EL 
Ohlendorf, H. W., Cr 
O'Heron, Philip, Cr 
Ohlendorf, Con., 13 Gn 



894 



CEETE TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



Ohlendorf, Wm., 24 Gn 
Ohlendorf, Aug., 24 En 
Ohlendorf, H., Jr., 23 Gn 
Olendorf , Christ, 24 Gn 
Olendorf, John, 7 Cr 
Opperman, F. H., Cr 
Opperman, F., 13 Cr 
Orr, John, 12 Cr 
Orr, James, 12 Cr 
Orr, James, Jr., Cr 
Ostermier, William, 7 Cr 
Patchen, L. L., Cr 
Patchen, William C, Cr 
Paul, John, Cr 
Patchen, William C, Cr 
Paul, Henry, 12 Br 
Paul, Christopher, 10 Cr 
Piepho, C, D 
Pease, John, Gn 
Peek, Charles, Cr 
Peak, D., Cr 
Pearson, G. W., Gn 
Pease, C. L., 27 Cr 
Pease, L., 28 Cr 
Peterson, George, 6 Cr 
Perry, Joseph, 9 Cr 
Phillips, J. E., M 
Peipho, Chris., 7 En 
Pittlekon, Carl, Cr 
Pipenbrink, John, Cr 
Pipenbrink, C. , 2 Cr 
Pipenbrink, J. O., Jr., Cr 
Pipenbrink, W., 1 Cr 
Pipenbrink, H., E L 
Polsen, Andrew, 16 Cr 
Poison, L., Cr 
Portzman, Chris., Cr 
Potts, James, Gn 
Porter, Samuel, Cr 
Pope, John, 7 Cr 
Pulver, J., Cr 
Pulver, J. II., Cr 
Purner, William, 
Quackenbush, Helen, Cr 
Quackenbush, M. E., Cr 
lianke, T., Cr 
Rabenger, L., 18 En 
Rathge, H., 7 Cr 
Rademacher, A. , 24 Cr 
Rekoe, A., Cr 
Read, C. J., Bm 
Rcnne, E. E., 9 Cr 
Reigle, J. G., Cr 
Rckow, F., 9 Cr 
Richards, W., 2Cr 
Rittman, Henry, 5 D 
Rissman, Fred., 5 En 
Richards, Gottlieb, 5 D 
Rinker, I. J., Cr 



Ritze, H. 
Richards, E., Cr 
Regin, John I. , Cr 
Rinne, Wm., 10 Cr 
Rinne, E. E., 9 Cr 
Rinker, J. J., 23 Cr 
Rigel, J. J., Cr 
Rice, A. H., Cr 
Ross, A., 27 Br 
Robinson, J. B, 16 Cr 
Robe, Wm., Cr 
Robe, John, Cr 
Robe, Herman, Cr 
Robe, John H., Cr 
Robe, Henry, 5 Cr 
Rowe, H. D., 28 Gn 
Rolle, J., Gn 
Robe, J. C, 9 Cr 
Rotbermund, H. , 7 Cr 
Roller, Melinda, Gn 
Rust, Christ, 8 Cr 
Ruhe, Ludwig, 16 Cr 
Rump, Henry, 12 Br 
RuUs, Joseph, Gn 
Rupert, G., Cr 
Rupert, G., Cr 
Rupert, C, 9 Cr 
Ruhe, Wm., Cr 
Sailer, John, 12 Cr 
Samuel, Samuel, 
Sax, Isadore, Cr 
Sailer, Wm., 11 Cr 
Sailer, Conrad, Cr 
Safford, A.B., Cr 
Saben, Elizabeth, Cr 
Santer, N., 3 Cr 
Sailer, John, Cr 
Sailer, Wm., 24 Cr 
Scrage, Philip, 1 Cr 
Schinidt, C, Gn 
Schweer, Conrad, 16 
Schweer, Henry, Cr 
Scheldt, B., D 
Scheidt, Joseph, En 
Scheldt, Michael, 6 D 
Schaller, Jos^eph, 6 D 
Scheldt, M., 6D 
Scheidt, Antony, 6 D 
Scuter, Vincent, Bm 
Schakucept, Fred. 
Schmidt, Wm., 23 Gn 
Scbwindemann, H., Gn 
Schultz, J., 5 Cr 
Schroeder, Wm., Cr 
Schweer, H., Cr 
Schaflein, W., Cr 
Schweer, Wm. , 9 Cr 
Schlemme, A., 16 Cr 
Scheive, John, 26 Cr 



Scheive, Christ,, 23 Cr 
Schroeder, Fred., P 
Schaefline, Wm., 16 Cr 
Schriner, John, Cr 
Schmidt, Fred. , 6 Gn 
Scheive, John, 18 Cr 
Scheive, Philip, 53 E L 
Schmore, John, 12 Cr 
Scbrick, P., EL 
Schrader, Fred. 
Scherra, Charles, Cr 
Scbrage, Henry, 7 Cr 
Schweis, Chris., En 
Schweer, Chris. , 9 Cr 
Schmidt, Geo., Cr 
Schroeder. Carl, Cr 
Schrage, Herman, Cr 
Schweer, Wm., 16 Cr 
Segers, Conrad, 6 En 
Seehausen, D., 9 Cr 
Severance, Luther 
SenhoUz, Fred., 16 Cr 
Seymore, H., Cr 
Senholtz, Wm., Cr 
Seegert, C, 35 Gn 
Semeris, John, Cr 
Selman, A., Cr 
Seggebouck, G., 13 Gn 
SeeUausen, Herm'n, 7 En 
Seyers, Conrad 
Seehausen, C , Cr 
Shair, W. G., Bm 
Sickman, Fred., 3 Cr 
Slade, Henry, Cr 
Smith, Albert, 9 Cr 
Smith, Albert H., 3 Cr 
Smith, Fred, 36 Cr 
Smith, G. W., Gn 
Smith, Edw., 23 Gn 
Smith, C, Gn 
Smith, Wm., Gn 
Smalley, Alonzo, 13 En 
Spal lender, Henry 
Spolleder, Wm., 12 Cr 
Spence, Francis, 10 Cr 
Sporlenden, Wm., 12 Cr 
Spalder, Henry, 12 Cr 
Stege, C, En 
Stephen, Frank, 6 Cr 
Strain, W. G., Bm 
Stenburg, Chris., 26 
Stock, Henry, 23 E L 
Sturm, H., 13 Gn 
Stege, H., Cr 
Stade, F., 12 Gn 
Streets, F., 8 Cr 
Streets, D., 2 Cr 
Stokenten, Wm., Gn 
Strunger, C, Cr 



CUSTEE TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 395 

Starr, F. A., Cr Van Engle, D., 36 Cr Wilken, Wm., Cr 

StMge, Conrad, 6 Cr Voland, Wm., 24 E L Wilder, A., 4 Cr 

Stege, Con., Cr Wallace, Robl., Cr Wilkening, C. H., Gn 

Stege, H., Cr Walkerly, Martin, 7 Cr Winte, Fred., Cr 

Streets, L., 3 Cr Wasenman, H. C, 24 Cr Winter, A., 9 Cr 

Stonemel, Alvin, 6 D Waterman, Carl, 15 Cr Wilkening, Con., 13 E L 

Stocking, Fred., Cr Walker, E., 16 Cr Wilder, C, Cr 

Steiber, Carl W., 21 Cr Walter, E., Cr Willie, J. P., 16 Cr 

Stege, Fred., 9 Cr Waltendorf, H., 18 Cr Wilder, A., Cr 

Steege, Henry, Cr Wallaer, John, Bm Windham, J. C, Chi'go 

Stoge, Chris. Wallace, W. J., 3 Cr Williamson, Wm., 11 Cr 

Strelow, C, Cr Welkin, F., Witt, Carl, Cr 

Strelow, Q. A., Cr Wehmhoffer, Wm., 9 Cr Wllkenning, H., Cr 

Strelow, H., 12 Cr Wehmhoffer, J Wilharun, 'Maria 

Sunmore, John, Cr Westgate, W. R., Cr Wilhelm, W., 6 Gn 

Suhauser, Henry, Cr We-t, Un. Tel. Co., Cr Winte, F., 12 Cr 

Sultzybaugh, P., 6 Cr West, Un. Tel. Co., Gn Willie, Fred., Cr 

Tagmeer, Henry, 13 Gn Werner, Wm., Cr Wilke, Wm., 17 Cr 

Tatge, Wm., 5 Cr Wehun, Peter, Cr. Wishaart, M., 6 Cr 

Tatge, Conrad, J Westenpheldt, S , 7 Wishaart, John, 3 Gn 

Talch, J., 13 D Werbrook. Henry, Cr Wilder, G. H., 3 Cr 

Tatge, J. J., Cr Weishaar, M. Wolf, James, 13 D 

Tatge, H., 13 Cr Werner, Wm., 20 Cr Wolle, H., 6 Cr 

Tegtmire, Jno., 31 E L Wemhoffer, Henry, 13 Cr Wolf, F., Cr 

Texka, T., 29 Wehman, F. H., E L Wood, A. T., Cr 

Teipel, C, Cr Werderholtz, Chris., 3 Cr Wood, W., 9 Cr 

Theobald, Geo., 6 D Whelden, A., 7 Cr Wood, M. M., Cr 

Thissiens, Henry Williamson, John, Cr Young, Mic^hael 

Thiemer, J., 10 Cr Winbe, Fred., 18 Cr Young, Mary E., Gn 

Thiel, Con., En Wilm, L. Young, George, 7 D 

Tillottson, Lorenzo, 9 Cr Winzenburg, Henry Young, Joseph, 8 Cr 

Tillotson, Frank, 7 Cr Wilkening, C, Gn Zeich, F., D 

Toneberg, Isaac Wilkening, C., & Co., Cr Zestrow, Carl, Cr 

Toll, Oscar, Cr Wilkeniug, John, Cr Zibson, Fred. 

Tretty, Henry Willie, Philip, li Cr Ziegow, Fred., 27 Gn 

Tucke, Fred. Wilkening, F., 13 E L Zummells, Philip 

Turnean, Wm. Winter, D., 24 Cr Zum, Matton P., 6 Cr 

Uhig, Henry, 31 Gn Wilde, W. D., Cr 

The school statistics of 1883 show 727 persons under 21 

Yeiirs ; 243 enrolled, 8 teachers, 6 scliool buildings, etc., val- 
ued at 17,165 ; total exenditure, about $3,000. 

The school reports for 1884 give a 09 persons under 21 years; 
63 enrolled, 2 teachers, 2 buildings, etc., valued at $1,215, and 
total expenditures, about 8703. 

CUSTER TOWNSHIP. 
This division of the county was organized in 1850, under the 
name Clinton (which name was changed to Reed), and embraced 
Reed township, and its aiiairs were administered by the board of 
R^^ed township until 1876. In this year, all that portion of 
Reed, lying southwest of the Kankakee river and east of the 
section line between sections 1, 3, and 4, in township 32, range 
9, was set off as a separate township, under the name Custer. 
George Petro was elected supervisor; M. L. Russell, clerk; I. T. 
Palmer, assessor, and John Evans, collector. John Meadern 



396 CUSTER TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 

and Louis Monteith were justices of the peace; Henry Miller^ 
A, G. Taylor, and Ira Smith, commissioners of highways, and 
James Bradford, constable. Supervisor Petro held office until 
the election of J. J. Smillie, in 1879. Mr. Smillie has been 
re-elected annually since that time. The other officers elected 
in 1884 are: Town Clerk, Camden Wright; Assessor, Lyman 
Fisher; Collector, John Murphy; Highway Commissioner, 
William Fitzgerald. 

The pioneers of this township were Andrew and Eichard 
Yates, and Thomas Hatton, 1834. Samuel Taft and Nathan 
Smith arrived immediately after. From this period until 1845 
there were no permanent settlements made. From 1845 to 
1846 Patrick Judge, James Hines, Elias Winchell, Jerry Gray, 
Henry Hudson, Joe Wood, E. S. Noble, G. H. Blanchard, 
Orlin Miller, John S. Hoyte, Abram Wurts. John Wing, and 
John Wurts, all made settlements here. Henry Hudson was 
the mail carrier between Wilmington and Pontiac from 1845 to 
1854, when the C. & M. E. E. was completed to this point. 
Eobert Hawley came in 1847. Stephen Calhoon and Stephen 
F. Hanford, 1848. Ithamer T. Palmer, Martin F. Tilden, 
Jacob J. Palmer, Turner Tilden. James Dwyer, A. J. Taylor, 
Hiram Taylor, 1849; W. B. Steward, 1850; William B. Small, 
1851; James Curran, 1852; Eobert Trainor, Eichard Warner, 
William Trainor, 1853; Miner M. Brown, James Boyd, James 
Keay, 1855; Ira W. Smith, 1857; Michael Shenk, 1858; J. B. 
Feely, 1859; John Kohler. 

The equalized assessed valuation of the township in 1883-4 
was 1157,507. The amount of tax levied was 13,240.79, of 
which $1,019.12 formed the school tax. In 1846 the first 
school-house was built, which has since bloomed, as it were, 
until the schools of the township have arrived at that import- 
ance with which the statistics given in the General History, 
credit them. The early attempts at navigation in this vicinity 
were unfortunate so far as the navigators were concerned. In 
1834 a party of Sugar creek sjieculators loaded a boat with 600 
bushels of grain and a quantity of hams, set out on their voy- 
age to Chicago. The boat suffered a dipping near Treat's 
Island, and, it is said, the owners offered their cargo to the 
settlers, and even supplied the little Yate's settlement on the 
Kankakee. Warner's Landing, the head of navigation on the 
Kankakee, promised at one time to be an important railroad 
town. Close by are the souvenirs of the Decatur and State 
Line Eailroad, 'work on which was begun in 1871-2. Horse 
Creek Landing is a river hamlet; it, too, had great aspirations. 
The population in 1880 was 611. 

Tax-payers of Custer Township. — The abbreviations used in 
the following list of tax-payers are: ^., Braidwood; C, Custer; 
W., Wilmington, and E., Essex, Kankakee county: 



CUSTEK TOWNSHIP HISTOEY. 



397 



Abraham, P., B 
Allen, B. F., 27W 
Baker, Henry, C 
Baker, H.& Co., C 
Baird, John, 19 C 
Barber, R. E., 27 W 
Baird, Frank, C 
Bernard, James, W 
Bergan, Martin 
Bird, Eliza, 34 
Boyd, J., 11 W 
Brown, Edgar, 3 B 
Button, Jerome, C 
Burke Bros., W 
Buck, Mrs. S. S., 25 C 
Buckley, Caroline, 30 C 
Buckley, Cornelius, C 
Burke, William, W 
Calhoun, Stephen, W 
Calhoun, John, C 
Calhoun, William, 20 C 
Canington, John W., W 
Calkins, Patrick, 38 W 
Calhoun, Ransford, 28 C 
Churchill, S., 26 
Clement, C. W., 30 
Connor, John, 39 C 
Cooper, Thomas, 23 B 
Colwell, Frank, C 
Collins, P. & D., 28 
Colwell, Thomas, B 
Cowley, John, B 
Colwell, George, 35 B 
Curren, James, 31 C 
Culkin, Daniel, 28 C 
Darby, W., 33 
DeLacey, Pat., 32 C 
Dotv, E. H.,26B 
Dubeers, II. G.,35 W 
Dwyer, James, 10 W 
Dwyer, Patrick, 10 B 
Eagan, Thomas 
Engles, A., Mrs., 25 W 
Engles, Henry, E 
Evans, John, 19 C 
Feely, John B., 15 B 
Feely, John, B 
Fitzgerald, Wm., 35 C 
For.syth, John, 15 B 
Foster, E. B., 34 
Freer,, J. P. 
Oallagher, R. , 35 E 
Gallagher,Mrs. P. H.,22 

B 
Gettings,Paul,Mrs.,3B 
Gipe, Samuel, C 
Goff, P. ct H., 15 
Gordon, Marcia A., 25 B 
Gray, Jeremiah, 29 C 



Gray, Barney, C 
Gray, Heirs of J., 29 C 
Hayden, John, 23 
Harrison, J. W., 24 B 
Hayes, Philip, W 
Hayes, Dennis, 3 W 
Hanford Bros., 35 
Hall, John, 28 C 
Hanford, Frank, W 
Hanford, Stephen, W 



Munch, John P., W 
Murphy, Stephen, B 
Murphy, J. C, B 
O'Brien, Mary A., B 
O'Brien, James, B 
O'Riley, James, 26 B 
O'Reilly, Philip, 36 E 
Parks & Elwood, 28 
Parks, James, 36 
Palmer, J. T., 30C 



Hawley, Robt. M., 36 W Palmer, Charles, 35 C 
Harrison, J. W., B Perry, James A., 2 W 

Hines, Murtha, 19 C Pembertou, Thos., 36 C 
Hines, Thomas J., 19 W Petero, G. W., 35 C 
Horn. William, E Petero, George, C 

Howatt, A. R. Powell, M., 32 

Hoffman, Joseph, 20 C Powell, M. 



Howatt, Alex., 26 B 
Hudson, Henry, 12 W 
Hudson, George, 11 W 
Ingham, John^28 K'kce 
Jackson, Thomas, 4 B 
Janson, Ad., C 
Johnson, Darius, C 
Johnson, J. P., 13 



Quinsby, H. L., 11 W 

Quinsby, J., Mrs., E 

Quering, John, Mrs., ! 

E 
Reilly, Frank, 4 W 
Reynolds, J. K., 36 C 
Reed, C. J., C 
Riley, G. S., 22B 



Johnson, Charles, 12 W Riley, Philip, 36 
Jordan, W., 21 B Rose, A., 24 Dundee,' 

Judge, Patrick, 20 Kane Co. 

Judge, Michael, B Roe, H., 27 B 

Judge, J., 33 C Robinson, William, W 

Kay, James. 31 C Robson, William, 26 C 

Kavanaugh, Mary, 33 C Russell, T. D., C 
Kennedy, Thomas, Mrs., Russell, M. L., 26 B 
25 B Schybert, Eliza, C 



Kilborn, Whitlock, W 
Kinnej^ John, W 
Knight, C, C 
K. & W. Ice Co., C 
Laughlin, Moore, 25 
Lacy, Peter, 30 C 
Leach, Leander, 32 
Leach, Alex. 
Lewis, Ed., 28 K'kee 
Lennon, Michael, B 
Linton & Green, 30 
Lowe, Henry, W 
Lovejoy, A. J., 14 W 
Lutz,' Andrew, 36 C 
Lynch, T. J., 22 
]\Iadden, John, 22 B 
Martin, Joseph, 3 W 
Marshall, S. T., 31 



Schenk, Michael, 10 B 
Scyck, H., E 
Sibert, Fletcher, 35 C 
Slight, Theo., 22 B 
Smith, J. W., 35 C 
Small, Daniel, 24 W 
Smith, W. G., 35 C 
Smiley, J. J., 13 C 
Smith, Ira W., 26 
Small, A. L., 19C 
Small, Wm., C 
Smith, L. D., 33 C 
Stewart, W. D., C 
Stewart, Peter, 14 W 
Stewart, Wm., W 
Stewart, ]\I. N. j\r., 27 
Stewart, W. D. , 36 C 
Stewart, F. D., B 



McGilvery, Hugh, 34 B'n- Sweeney, Ferd., 25 E 
field. 'Kankakee Co. Swackhamer, Jas.,35E 



McCoy, O. M., 14 
^liller, Henry, 3 W 
Morgan, M,,'l5B 
Moore, Lauehlin, B 
Murphy, S.^C, 23 B 



Sweeney, Michael, 26 E 
Taylor, A. G., 23B 
Tanner, M. D., 25 C 
Tanner, Huldah, 19 C 
Taylor, Samuel, C 



398 DUPAGE TOWNSHIP HISTOJRY. 

Tanner, H. W., C Trainer, Robt., 13 W Wheelock, J. M., W 

Tel. Co. West. Union, C Tritlipson, G. C, C Williamson, Thos,, 25 C 

Terry, James, 11 Tunue3^ Catherine, W Wright, Mrs. E., 10 B 

Thewlis, Mary, 23 C Valentine, N. 23 Wright, Abner, 36 B 

Tilden, M. F., 25 C Vinning, Frank, C Yates, Sarah, 33 

Tierney, Patrick, 34 W Ward, J. H , 15 Yates, Fred., C 

Towell, Wm., 15 B Waj'ner, Albert, 24 Yates, Ed., C 

Trainer, James, 14 W Ward, H., 15 Young, Wm., 25 W 

Trainer, Wm., B Wakeman, Geo., C 

Trainer, Thos., 13 W Whitten, And., 10 W 

See School Statistics in history of Wesley township. 

DUPAGE TOWNSHIP. 

This township was organized in 1850, under the law relating- 
to town organization of 1849. With Wheatland it formed Du- 
Page precinct in 1836, before which time it was considered one 
of the old divisions of Cook county. The supervisors since 
1850, are named as follows: John Miller, 1850; A. C. Paxton, 
1851-52; K. W. Smith, 1853-54, died January 2, 1869; H. 
Boardman, 1855; E. D. Eaton, 1856; A. C. Paxton, 1857; T. 
H. Abbott, 1858-59; B. B. Clark, 1860; J. P. King, 1861; 
Eobert Strong, 1862; B. B. Clark, 1863; E. Virgil, 1864; E. W. 
Smith, 1865-67; A. Godfrev, 1868: J. B. King, 1869; John 
Eoyce, 1870-73; Thomas Williams, 1874-80; Jonathan Eoyce, 
1880-84. The officers elected in April, 1884, were: Supervisor, 
Stephen J. Williams ; town clerk, J. E. Mather ; assessor, 
Jonatlmn Mather ; collector, Wm. E. Eathburn ; highway 
commissioner, J. E. Davidson ; school trustees, Harly Walker, 
John P. Sprague. The population of the town in 1880 was 
1,101. The equalized assessed valuation in 1884 was 1406,419, 
yielding 19,029.95 general tax, including 12.371.88 school tax. 
The first settlements were made in 1830, by Stephen J. Scott, 
Williard Scott, Pierce Hawley, Mrs. W. (Hawley) Scott, Ealph 
Stowell, Henry Selvey and John Walker. 

From the fall of 1830 to the fall of 1832 the following named 
settlers arrived: Israel Blodgett, John Dudley, Eobert Stroug, 
Joseph Bessy, Harry Boardman, Seth Westcott, John Miller, 
Isaac Sca-rrett, Lester Peet, Horace Boardman, Simon Terrell, 
Willis Scott, John Barber, P. P. Scarrett, Samuel Goodrich, 

Cleveland. From the beginning of 1833 to the fall of 

1835, a large number arrived, many of whom became permanent 
settlers. Among this number were the following: Phillip Lord, 
Harry Lord, Andrew Godfrey, Daniel Stewart, Hannibal Ward, 
Hiram Warren, Peter Stewart, Samuel Whallen, Shubal Swift, 
Joseph Berry, S. Clifford, George Spicer, William Smith, E. W. 
Smith, Jonathan Eoyce, Jonathan Eoyce, Jr., Josiah Giddings, 
Franklin E. Barber. In the following list other names are 
given which must be considered among the pioneers and old 
settlers: Henry Ingalls, 1837; Franklin E. Barber, 1835; Amos 



DUPAGE TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 399 

C. Paxson, 1838; James Eobins, 1843; Norton Eaton, 1854; 
Stephen J. Williams, 1845; Henry Godfrey, 1833-4; Sylvester 
Ward, 1833; Austin Godfrey, 1833-4; Hannibal Ward, 1833; 
Robt. Goiidy, 1843; Harvey W. Chamberlain, 1843; William 
King, 1849; James L. Alexander, 1841; Abner Eoyce, 1835; I. 
S. White, 1835; Jonathan Eoyce, 1835; Jonas Walker, 1855 ; 
S. E. Eathbarn, 1845; Samuel E. Eanck, 1859; Shubal Swift, 
1833; John 0. Meier, 1845; Thomas J. Sprague, 1838; Thomas 
Williams, 1846. 

The first manufacturing industry was the horse power grist 
mill, established by Pierce Hawley. In 1836 Alden & Scott 
built a sawmill on the DuPage, and four years later the Wards 
built a second sawmill just above the first sawmill. In 1836 the 
first bridge across the DuPage was constructed on the line of 
the Joliet and Naperville trail. Fountaindale postoffice was 
established about this time, with Ealph Stowell master. Its 
travels exceed in number the peripatetic Green Garden office. 
In 1840 or 1842 Long John postoffice was established, Mr. 
Wentworth obtaining the postmastership for A. C. Paxson. 
This was located in the southwest quarter of the town during 
the short period of its existence. The name Fountaindale was 
changed to DuPage, by which title the office is now known. 
Ealph Stowell and Shubal Swift were the first tavern keepers. 
A school house Avas built in the Eobt. Strong settlement in 
1832, wherein Josiah Giddings taught during the winter of 
1832-3. This was known then as school district No. 1, Cook 
county. In 1833 a Congregational society was organized by 
Eev. N. C. Clark, and in 1855 the first house of Avorship in the 
town was built for the Presbyterian society. The part taken 
by the early settlers of this township in the Sac Avar is told in 
the history of that affair. 

The condition of the schools at the close of 1884 is shown 
asfoUoAvs: 535 persons under 21 years; 272 enrolled, 21 teachers, 
11 school buildings, etc., valued at ^5,600; expenditures for 
year, about $2,700. 

Tax-payers of Du Page TownsMp. — In giving the post-office 
address, L&m. is the abbreviation used for Lemont; L., for 
Lockport; D. P., for Du Page; N., for Naperville; P., for 
Plainfield, and E. IF. for East Wheatland: 

Alderman, A. S., 22Lem Barber, John, 3 Lem Biggins, R., 28 L 

Alexander, J. H., 33 L Barber, F. E., Lem Biggins, Catherine, 33 L 

Anglemire, E., 20 D P Barrett, B. & J., N Bishel, Wm., Lem 

Anglemire, S., 17 D P Beaver, Michael, Lem Bluns, John, D P 

Andres, F. H., P Beattie, Tlios., 35 L Bowen, Samuel, D P 

Ashley, Morgan, 32 L Bill, G. C, P Borgis, J. C, D P 

Atwater, Lucius, Lem Biggins, Peter, L Boardinan, Horace, N 

Ayers, Henry, N Biggins, .Tames, L Brown, M., 2 N 

Ayers, M. B., 15 Lem Biggins, Owen, 29 L Bronson, E. S., 23 Lem 

Barten, E. A., D P Biggins, Jas. A., 28 L Bronson, M., L 



400 



DUPAGE TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



Brossman, Martin, 6 N 
Brown, M. J., 26 Lem 
Brown, G. W., 9E W 
Burkart, II., 36 
Buel, S. B., D P 
Burkhart, H., D P 
Burckhardt, H., Lem 
Chapman, Wm., Lem 
Chicago Telephone Co., 
Chapman, M. P., 15 Lem 
Chapman, C. C, Jr., 15 

Lem 
Chapman, Chas. C. , Lem 
Cheeseman, F. G., 13 
Cheesemau, T. Y., Lem 
Cheese, Ed., 12 Lem 
Cheese, Eliz'b'th, 13 Lem 
Chilvers, Jas., 2 Lem 
Clark, B. B., L 
Clow, James, 9 
Clark, H. R., 9 
Colwell, C. G.,29A 
Colt, A. W., 33 
Colegrove, L. G., 31 P 
Coleburn, L. , 1 Lem 
Cozance, Matthias, 14 L 
Day, John, 30 P 
Davis, Henry, E W 
Dado, John, N 
Davison. J. R., 28 Lem 
Davis, Ed., D P 
Derbey, Chas., 11 Lem 
Dixon, Geo. 32 L 
Dry f us, Jos., 16 Lem 
Dryfus, Wm., 21 Lem 
Dmilap, Wilson, 28 P 
Dyer, M. B. 21 D P 
Eaton, Norton, 19 D P 
Edelburgh, John, 7 N 
Eichelberger, V., 4N 
Eiprs, M. , 36 Lem 
Eichelberger, Mark, 4-9 
Elliott, C. H., L 
Emrey, Lewis A., 17 D 
Em-eka Stove Co., E. 
Excelsior Stone Co. , Lem 
Farrell, Michael, Est. of 
Farrell, Patrick, 35 Lem 
Farrell, Rich., 35 Lem 
Farrell, Thos., 35 Lem 
Fairell, Simon, 36 Lem 
Farrell, Mary A., 36 
Fender, Toney, N 
Fenster, Jacob, 4 N 
Feirstein, Chas., 6 D P 
Findlay, Thos., D P 
Finlan, Michael, 1 Lem 
Fitzgerald, M. , 24 Lem 
Fisher, J., D P 



Flakey, John, 15 D P 
Flugga, John, Lem - 
Flagg, G. W., 31 P 
Fluga, Christ., Lem 
Fox, Augustus, N 
Fouch, Wm., 21 DP 
Freeman, Robert, 3 N 
Frost, D., 9N 
Gall, John, 2 Lem 
George, Mary, 4 N 
George, Wm., 32 EW 
Gipe, Chas., 1 Lem 
Glover, Wm., 21 N 
Glover, John, 2 N 
Glavey, Thos., L 
Godfrey, Austin, 1 Lem 
Gordon, David, 16 D P 
Goudy, Robert, 16 D P 
Gordon, G. & E., D P 
Godfrey, J. S., L 
Graves, John, 2 Lem 
Graves, A. B., 11 Lem 
Grabow, Theo., 17 D P 
Grumberg, Chas., Lem 
Hartranf t, Levi, 4 D P 
Hassett, Geo. M., 23 Lem 
Havens, Orson, 17 D P 
Hawes, Wm., 28 L 
Hasswood, D., L 
Havens, J. B., E W 
Havens, Helen, D P 
Herman, Matthias, 2 Lem 
Hegg, Frank, 14 Lem 
Hesal, Michael, D P 
Henry, Martin, N 
Higgins, Ch'ncy, 10 D P 
Holmes, C. , 4 N 
Hossinger, And., 36 Lem 
Hoffmire, Geo., 1 Lem 
Hoffmire, Geo., Lem 
Hulett, Frank, 2 Lem 
Hyland, J.,10E W 
Jarmon, E., D P 
Jarman, E.,7DP 
Jones, Owen F., 31 P 
Johnson, Wm., 30 P 
Jones, Orrin, 31 
Kasman, Thos., L 
Karrill, Chr.,35L 
Ketcham, E. E., 13 Lem 
Ketcham, Levi, Jr., Lem 
Kelch, Chas., Lem 
Kelly, Michael, 28 L 
Kinsley, J. B., Lem 
King, Wm., 5N 
King, J. B., 5N 
Kilmer, James, 22 L 
Killmer, Thaddeus, 14 L 
Kickles, John, 14 Lem 



Klrkham, John, L 
Kopp, John. L 
Laughlin, Wm., Lem 
Lambert, John, 33 L 
Laing, Stephen, Lem 
Lanigee, S. H., 13 Lem 
Lambert, Geo. G., D P 
Laushlin, II., 1 Lem 
Lanibert, W. L., D P 
Lambert, Frank, 20 D P 
Lamb, Frank, Lem 
Lambert, Geo., 28 P 
Lepport, John, N 
Lepranse, F., D P 
Low, James, Lem 
Lord, Philip, 27 L 
Martin, Hyland, 1 Lem 
Martin, John, Lem 
Marshal, Richard, Lem 
Marck, Cyrus, 8 N 
Martin, G. B., L 
Mather, S. E., 19 D P 
Mather, J., L 
Marvin, Bert., 12 Lem 
Mather, Eliza, 27 L 
Mather, E., 29 
Markgraff, A., 36 Lem 
Manley, John, 23 Lem 
Mass, Albert, Lem 
Mass, Herman, 20 Lem 
McCann, Joseph M., D P 
McCann, INIyron, 16 N 
McCann, James, 16 N 
Mej^er, Lewis, N 
Meyers, E., 9 N 
Morse, E. H., Mrs., 8 N 
Morse, Albert, 1 N 
Morse, Edward, 14 N 
Morse, H. A., 11 N 
Morse, Herman O., 14 N 
Morse & Clark, 10, 11 
Mottinger, Noah, D P 
Molscoski, Fred., N 
Mooney, J. H., L 
Mower, J. H., P 
Murphy, Jeremiah, Lem 
Musselman, Jacob, P 
Musselman, Gideon, 30 
Netzlar, Uriah, 7 E W 
Norton, Wm., L 
Norton, S. W., 24 Lem 
O'Connor, J., P 
Oldfleld, J. E.,1 Lem 
Orchard, Charles, Lem 
Parson, Amos, 4-D L 
Patterson, AVilliam, D P 
Patterson, Rob't, 19 D P 
Parks, J. A.,N 
Patterson, M., 4 E W 



FLORENCE TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



401 



Patterson & Thompson 
Pelser, Matthias, Lem 
Phelps, Harriet, 21 L 
Pitts, Michael, 3 JST 
Potter, George, 12 Lem 
Rathburn, C. W., P 
Rathburn, Val., joliet 
Ray, Michael, 23, Lem 
Rathburn, S. R., 2 P 
Rathburn, W. R., P 
Rahmere, Ant., 1 Lem 
Reardon, John, Lem 
Reader, William, Lem 
Reader, John, Lem 
Reid, Matthias, 20 L 
Reardon, Rieh'd, 25 Lem 
Reardon, Thos., 25 D P 
Reardon Thos. , 36 Lem 
Royce, Abner, 4 N 
Roath, Henry, Lem 
Royce, Jonathan, 4 N 
Royer, Abner, N 
Robinson, C. C, Lem 
Ross, J. C, 23 Chic 
Ross & Clark, 10 N 
Punch, S., 32L 
Saul, John, 13 Lem 
Sampson, James, 22 D P 
Sampson, Geo , 21 L 
Samson, W. V. , L 
Safford, J., 5 N 
Sanborn, A., 33 
Salfisberg, Jacob, 7 N 
Schrohe, Henry, N 
Schultz, John, 1 Lem 
Schall, Mary A., 5 N 
Scholtz, H.,16D P 
Schrader, Joseph, 15 D P 
Schonberger, J. , 23 Lem 
Schmidt, John, 36 Lem 
Schrader, H., Lem 



Schoering, M.,36 Lem 
Schrader, Chas., D P 
Sheldon, Robert W., 6 N 
Shuster, Martin, Lem 
Shuler, W. M., 9 N 
Sheldon, Rnbert, N 
Shay, Thomas, 36 Lem 
Shafer, Levi, 4-9 N 
Simmons, Solomon, 32 P 
Smith, R. W.,6 
Sprague, John P. ,11 Lem 
Sprague, T. J., L 
Sprague, C. K, 32N 
Sprague, Frank, L 
Spevy, William, P 
Steward, Philip, N 
Strause, Simon, N 
Strong, Robert, 4 N 
Studenrath, E.,9N 
Studenrath, O., N 
Steinhouser, A., 10 D P 
Stanners, Thos. B , D P 
Stafford, Enoch, 27 L 
Strubla, Fred., 10 Lem 
Stafford, Wm., L 
Steinhoss, Aug., 10 D P 
Stanars, F., 18 D P 
Strong, F. J., 4-9 L 
Straus, S., 2N 
Susanhite, Chas., 5 N 
Swartz, Elias, 2 N 
Taylor, Henry, L 
Toot,Wm., D P 
Thomas, A. S., 2 N 
Thomau, H , N 
Tripp, Matthew, Lem 
Tripp, S , Lem 
Tyler, D., P 
Virgil, Ellen, 7 E W 
Voght, Jacob, 35 L 
W^ard, S., 2 Lem 



Warner, Hiram, 9 N 
Walker, Wm., D P 
Warner, A. B. F., N 
Warren, Hiram, N 
Walker, Jonas, 20 N 
Ward, John, L 
Ward, Peter, L 
Ward, Daniel, L 
Walker, James, 13 Chic 
Walker, Hiram, D P 
Walker, Harley, D P 
Walker. Wm., 13 Chic 
Ward, Dan, 32 L 
Wagnor, G. W., N 
Wagnor, J. C, N 
Walker, James, 21 N 
Walker, Chas., L 
Ward, Peter, 28 L 
Ward, Jos , 32 
AVeaver, Joseph, 15 N 
Wescott, Seth, 3 N 
Webster, David, 7 E W 
Wenihold, Rich.,19DP 
Weaver, J. H., P 
Weinger, Joseph, 36 D P 
Weaver, L., Lem 
Weathenkiller, Jos., 36 
W. U. Tel. Co. 
Weaver, B., 24 D P 
White, S. L., 7 N 
White, John S., 7 N 
Wheat, Aaron, L 
Wise, John, Lem 
Wightman, J. B.,16DP 
Witlis, W. R., 19 D P 
Williams, Thos., L 
Williams, S. J., 33 L 
Wiley, Thos., 33 
Wolf, H., D P 



FLOEENCE TOWNSHIP. 

Florence Totvnslivp was set off from Wilmington in 1851, 
and on April 1 the forty-two voters, theu'settled here, assembled 
to elect town officers. AV. W. Monteith, 1851; E. H. Strong, 
1852; J. Linebarger, 1853; S. Morey, 1854; J. Kahler, 1855; J. 
Shoemaker; 1856; M. Tuttle, 1857-58; J. Shoemaker, 1859-61; 
J. Kahler, 1862; J. Linebarger, 1863; J. M. White, 1864; C. 
Hazard, 1865-69; S. Morey, 1870; J. Shirk, 1871-73; Thomas 
Maher, 1874-76; Royal S. Corbin, 1877-78; Thomas Maher, 
1879; H. H. Lichtenwalter, 1880; David Forsythe, 1881-2; J.W. 
Martin, 1883. The elections of April 1884 resulted in the 
choice of the following-named officers: James W. Martin, 
supervisor; John T. Dixon, clerk; Thomas J. Kirk, collector; 



402 FLORENCE TOWNSHIP HISTOKY. 

Henry Swivle, highway commissioner; Henry Ward, justice of 
the peace; Charles Blogg, constable; and H. H. Lichtenwalter, 
school trustee. 

The population of Florence in 1880 was 847. The assessed 
valuation, 1883-4, 1371,791, of which sum $609 was credited to 
town lots, and 136,791 to personal property. The tax levy 
amounted to $7,895.68, including 12,049.90 school tax. 

Leiois Lineharger, wlio came with the Linebarger family to 
Jackson in 1831, did not settle with them, but squatted on 
land across the town line on Prairie creek; named in 1842 
Star's Grove. Arthur Potts, a settler of 1835, bought Line- 
barger's interest, and made the place his home for twenty 
years, when he moved to Iowa, in the track of Lewis Line- 
barger, who had previously gone to Oregon. Henry Moore, 
settled here in 1834; Arthur Potts, John Kahler, and Henry 
Althouse, 1835; James Martin, Walter Monteith, Thomas 
Monteitb, and David Bell in 1836; Daniel Stewart, N. Wright, 
Duncan Mclntyre in 1837; David E. Monteith in 1840; Daniel 
Mclntyre, Walter W. Monteith in 1841; Charles Starr, William 
Van der Bogert, Isaac Jackson, Enoch Jackson in 1842; Adam 
White, Sr., William and Adam White in 1844; — Fogarty and 
Eufus Corbett in 1846; S. K. Morey and William Martin in 
1847; George Monroe, 1849; James Baskerville, 1850; John 
Jordan, George A. Gray, Charles Jackson, William Barrett, 
Leonard Morey, Edward Gurney, Henry Hand, Hezekiah 
Warner, Selah Morey, E. H. Strong, M. D., R. H. Nott, C. G. 
Jewell, A. Layton, all had effected settlement previous to 1851. 
Charles Hazard, 1852; John Hayden, John Demmings and 
Joseph Shirk came in 1854; John Fridley and Allen Smith 
in 1857; Townsend W. Kahler, James Perry, James Lutz, and 
John Reils in 1859. 

The first school was conducted in 1842 by Miss Sarah Fisher, 
at Starr's Grove, In 1849 a 1250 school-house was erected 
under the direction of James Martin, J. Kahler, and Van der 
Bogert, trustees. The German Evangelical society erected a 
church building in 1874 on southwest corner of section 10, at 
a cost of about $3,000. John Jacob Asher was the first min- 
ister. Henry and John Eockey, jSTicholas AVitcshie and wife 
and J, Taylor, were the original members of the society, 
which was formed in 1866. B. C. Wagner was minister in 1874; 
Bremen Snyder was pastor in 1878. 

Tax-payers of Florence Toionship. — Wilmington is the post- 
ofiBce except where Elwood is given: 

Aagesen, Paul Baxter, Wm. Barrett, J., 35 

Abbott, Henry Baskerville, Thomas, 16 Baskerville, .John, 17 

Adams, Joseph Baskerville, Wm., 17 Barker, W. P. 

Allen, Smith, 9 Baskerville, James, 22 Barra, Wm. 

Barrett, Wm. Barrett, Wm., 26 Bell, David, 30 



FLORENCE TOWNSHIP HISTORY. 



403 



Bell, David 
Bitner, Chris. 
Blogg, John 
Blogg, C. H. 
Bayland, B., 23 
Bridge, James H. 
Brisbin, John C. 
Bridge, Samuel 
Buss, E. C. 
Burton, Joseph, 19 
Buss, E. C, 9 
Carey, Ed., 13 
Carey, John 
Cavenaugh, Matt. 
Campbell, John, 30 
Carroll, Patrick, 25 
Christian, Chas. 
Corbin, R. S. 
Cottel, H. E. 
Cottel, C, 18 
Cowley, John 
Corbin, R., 7 
Cook, Wesley 
Corbett, Rufus, 29 
Crellen, R., 10 El 
Cross, John, 8 
Cutshaw, W. G., 16 
Cutshaw, Charles 
Darling, David 
Dallenbach heirs, 10 
Dixon, Thos., 23 
Dixon, John, 16 
Dixon, John T. 
Dixon, Jos., 22 
Donahue, P., 24 
Doyle, M., 12 
Doyle, James 
Dutchman, A., 1 El 
Ellenwood, G. W.,18E1 
El wood, Sarah W., 9 El 
Finslar, L. 
Fitcher, David 
Forsythe, David, 4 
Forsythe, John, 3 
Foley, Jas. 
Foley. Richard 
Fridley, John, Jr., 10 
Fridley, John, 9 
Gay, John 
Geise, John, 1 El 
Geiss, H. E.,Mrs. 
Geiss, Hiram, 11 
Gibbons, Patrick, 24 
Goodrich, Grant, 1 
Goodenough, John N., 9 
Gooding, A. 
Griffen, Wm., 36 
Griffen, Wm., 25 
Gurney, E. E., 16 



Gurney, R. H., 19 
Hayden, John, 1 
Harland, E. 
Harland, L. H. 
Hamilton, R., 15 
Hamilton, Wm. 
Hayden, Thos., 8 
Hazard, Chas., 33 
Hayden, John, 10 El 
Hart, C. H. 
Hampton, John, 9 El 
Hamilton, Jas., 15 
Hayden, John, Jr. 
Hennings, John 
Hill. A., 33 
Hoffman, Jacob, 15 
Jackson, Chas., 9 
Jackson, Delaney, 5 
Jackson, D. M., 8 
Jackson, Arthur D. 
Jackson, Mary, 4 
Jackson, Malcolm 
Jessup, F. 
Kahler, Henry, 31 
Kahler, T. W., 35 
Kelly, H. W. 
Kelly, Robt. 
Kennedy, John 
Kenned 3% James, 35 
Kellogg, Lewis, 16 
Keer, Wm. 
Kirk, And. 
Kirk, Thos. J. 
Kidney, Wm. H. 
Knabe, John 
Lacy, Thos., 6 
Lacy, John J. 
Lineberger, Louis, El 
Lineberger, John 
Lichtenwalter, H. H., 1 
Lovell, Oliver, 32 
Loner, J. J. 
Loner, Louis 
Long, John, 25 
Martin, Jas. W., 20 
Maher, Thos., 23 
Martin, Wm., 27 
Mahoney, Dan, 26 
Mahoney, D., Jr., 6 
Martin, J., Est. of, 30 
Mahony. Cornelius 
Martin, Edmund 
Mcintosh, Thos., 18 
Mclntyre, And. J., 5 
Mclntyre, James 
McCorkle et ]\[artin 
Mclntyre, Dan, 8 
McGinnis, Wm., 29 
McQueen, Arch., 8 



Melley, Chas. 
Mender, John 
Miller, M. 
Milbourn, Wm., 15 
Morgan, Moses, 5 
Morey, S. & S. A., 9 
Morey, S. R , 17 
Mosey, Smith, Mrs. 
Morey. Selah, 16 
Murphy, Tim., 34 
JMurphy, Thos. 
Murphy, John, 34 
Murphy, Cor., 27 
Murphy, Jerry 
Naughton, Pat., 27 
Naughton, Cornelius, 35 
Nelson, Wm., 15 
Nelson, Samuel 
Nelson, John 
Nelson, W. T., 28 
Nelson, W. T. 
Norton, Wm. H., El. 
Nott, R. A., 5 
Nutt. James, 20 
Oberlin, John 
O'Brien, ^lary, 24 
Ohlhues, John, J 4 
Ohlhues, P. D., 15 
O'Leary, Cor., 24 
Osborn, Est. of, 20 
Parks, Jas., 36 
Peterson, Christian 
Phalan, P., 25 
Quigley, Edw., 25 
Randolph, Clarence 
Raucsh, J., 16 
Reordon, Denis, 14 
Reordon, M., 13 
Reed, W. H. H., 7EL 
Reils, John, 14 
Riorden, John, 13 
Riley, Philip, 13 
Rouse, Elijah 
Rogers, M., 5 
Rockwell, A., 7 
Rockwell, S. 
Rodgers, Sophronia, 2 
Roach, Michael, 13 
Rothke, Henry, 15 
Schroeder, Albert 
Scamraon, J. Y., Ch, 
Seltz, Fred., El. 
Shirk, James, Mrs. 
Sheridan, Patrick 
Shirk, Joseph, 29 
Shipley, Jas. , 29 
Singleton, Wm. 
Singleton, John 
Skehan, John, 33 



404 



FEAJSTKFORT TOWNSHIP HISTOEY. 



Skehan, J., 33 
Slater, Walter 
Smith, Allen, 10 
Smith, Ezra, 19 
Smith, Ellen, El. 
Spoor, H. H., 8 
Stonerock, Geo. 
Stonerock, John, 18 
Stewart, Peter, 19 
Strong, E. H., 28 
Swival, Henry, 31 
Thompson, J. O. 
Thompson, J. O., 27 



Thompson, Mairi, 26 White, Jas., 33 
Titus, L., 30 White, R., 33 

Van DerBogert,W.J.,30 Whiten, John, 2J 
Van Der Bogert & Mon-