Skip to main content

Full text of "Speeches and addresses of H. R. H. the Prince of Wales: 1863-1888"

See other formats
















to tfje .pUmon? of 





THE year 1888, that of the Silver Wedding of the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, is also the 25th anniversary of the year when 
the Prince first began to appear in public life. It is, therefore, 
a fit time to present some record of events in which His Eoyal 
Highness has taken part, and of services rendered by him to the 
nation, during the past quarter of a century. The best and the 
least formal way of doing this seemed to be the reproduction 
of his Speeches and Addresses, along with some account of the 
occasions when they were delivered. 

Some of these speeches, in more recent years, are known to all, 
and their importance is universally recognised ; such as those 
relating to the various International Exhibitions, the foundation 
of the Eoyal College of Music, and the establishment of the 
Imperial Institute. But throughout the whole of the twenty- 
five years, there has been a succession of speeches, on all manner 
of occasions, of many of which there is no adequate record or 
remembrance. It is only due to the Prince to recall the various 
services thus rendered by him, especially during those earlier 
years when the loss of the Prince Consort was most deeply felt, 
and when the Queen, whose Jubilee has been so splendidly 
celebrated, was living in retirement. A new generation has 
come on the stage since those days, and there are comparatively 
few who remember the number and variety of occasions upon 

viii PREFACE. 

which Koyalty was;worthily represented by the Prince of Wales, 
and the important and"arduous duties voluntarily and cheerfully 
undertaken by him. 

Before carrying out this design, it was advisable to ascertain 
if there might be any objection on the part of the Prince of 
Wales. There might, for instance, be a purpose of official 
publication of these speeches. On the matter being referred to 
the Prince, he not only made no objection, but, in most kind 
and gracious terms, gave his sanction to the work, and hoped it 
might be " useful to the various objects which he had publicly 
advocated and supported." 

The number and diversity of occasions on which the Prince 
has made these public appearances will surprise those who have 
not personal recollection of them. The speeches themselves 
will surprise no one. The Prince has had education and culture 
such as few of any station obtain ; directed at first by such a father 
as the Prince Consort, and by tutors who carried out the design 
of both his parents. Accomplished in Art, and interested in 
Science, in Antiquities, and most branches of learning; w T ith 
some University training at Oxford, Cambridge, and Edinburgh, 
and with his mind enlarged by foreign travel, we might expect 
the fruits of such training to appear in his public addresses. 
Add to this the kindliness which comes from a good natural 
disposition, the sympathetic influence of a genial manner, and 
the grace which is given by a training from childhood in the 
highest station, and we can understand how the speeches even 
of the earliest years were heard with pleasure and approval. 
Some of the speeches are very brief, but are always to the 
point, and present the gist of the subject in hand. It was 
Earl Granville who once said, in proposing his health, that, 
" if the speeches of His Eoyal Highness were usually short, 
they were always, to use a homely expression, as full of meat 
as an egg." Even where there has been no formal speech, we 
are interested in knowing what the Prince has done as well as 


what he has said ; and therefore some important occasions are 
included when no speech was made. 

It is the variety of subjects that will strike most readers, 
Let it be noted, moreover, that the speeches now reproduced are 
only those addressed to meetings where reporters for the press 
were present. There have been innumerable meetings besides, 
meetings of Commissions, of Boards, of Councils, of Committees, 
at none of which has the Prince ever been an inactive or silent 
member, but rather the guiding and moving spirit. If the 
voluntary offices of His Eoyal Highness were printed at length, 
they would far outnumber those mere honorary titles with 
which the College of Arms concerns itself; and are such as 
imply thought and work, in many useful and beneficent ways. 

Long may His Royal Highness have the health and the will 
for such offices and duties. If his future career is equal to the 
hopes and promise of his early life, and the performances of the 
last twenty-five years, he will leave a name illustrious and 
memorable in the history of the British Empire. 

*** The frontispiece portrait, under which the Prince of Wales has been 
pleased to put his autograph, is ttched ly W. Strung, from a recent photograph ly 
Van der Weyde. 




BRITISH ORPHAN ASYLUM . . . . . . .14 













ROYAL VISIT TO NORWICH IN 1866 . . . . . 41 











UNIVERSITY ........ 66 

FOREIGN TOUR, 1868-1869 67 






CITY OF LONDON . . . 78 














ARTISTS' OHPHAN FUND . . . . . .111 



HOMES 'FOR LITTLE BOYS . . . . . .118 



THE ILLNESS OF DECEMBER, 1871 . . . .128 







VISIT TO DERBY ........ 140 






VISIT TO BIRMINGHAM IN 1874 ...... 156 



THE GERMAN HOSPITAL . . . . . . .165 

THE INDIAN EMBASSY, 1875-76. . . . . .180 








AT KING'S COLLEGE . . . a . . . .209 




EIFLE VOLUNTEERS . . . . . . . .223 





SURPLUS . . . 235 




THE NORTHBROOK CLUB .' . . . . . . 238 






VISIT TO IRELAND IN 1885 ... . 261 

THE DARWIN MEMORIAL . . . . . . .271 



THE GORDON BOYS' HOME . .... .282 



AT THE COLONIAL OFFICE. . . . ' , . 293 

SIGN COLLEGE . . . . . . .... 301 














WEST NORFOLK HUNT ....... 344 

AT BLACKBURN . . . 345 





THE EOYAL COLLEGE OF Music . . . . . .391 





INDEX 417 


As the record of Public Speeches in the following pages does not 
begin till 1863, it may be well to give a few dates and incidents of 
previous years in the life of the Prince of Wales. 

He was born on the 9th of November, 1841, at Buckingham 
Palace. From Windsor, to which the Court removed on the 6th 
of December, the Queen wrote next day to King Leopold, " We 
arrived here safe and sound, with our awfully large nursery 
establishment, yesterday morning. ... I wonder very much 
whom our little boy will be like. You will understand how 
fervent are my prayers, and I am sure everybody's must be, to 
see him resemble his father in every respect, both in body 
and mind." 

The Prince, named Albert Edward, was baptized in St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor, on the 25th of January, 1842. King Frederick 
William of Prussia was invited to be the boy's Godfather, and he 
came over personally to undertake the office. The other Sponsors, 
six in number, were members of the Houses of Saxe-Coburg and 
Saxe-Gotha, and of the English Royal family. There was a full 
choral service at the christening. A special anthem had been 
composed by Sir George Elvey. On the Prince Consort being 
told of this, and asked when it should be sung, he answered, " Not 
at all ; no anthem. If the service ends by an anthem we shall all 
go out criticising the music. We will have something we all know 
something in which we can all join something devotional. 
The Hallelujah Chorus ; we shall all join in that, witli our hearts." 
The Hallelujah Chorus ended the service accordingly. The 
incident is noteworthy, as showing how the infant Prince was 
committed, at his baptism, not in outward form only, but in 
devout spirit, to the care of the Heavenly Father. 

When the Queen told King Leopold of the removal of the Court 
to Windsor, she had made special mention of " the nursery 
establishment." No mother in any rank of life ever paid greater 
attention to this part of the home, wherever the Court might be. 
In Memoirs and Recollections of the Queen, by those who have 
belonged to her household, many anecdotes are found which show 
S B 


the watchful care and the personal superintendence of the Royal 

It is only this year, in the autumn of 1888, that Mrs. Hull, who 
entered Her Majesty's service as nurse to the Prince of Wales, 
died, in her seventy-ninth year. She was a kind and censcientious 
attendant to every one of the Eoyal children, and the Queen 
ever retained great regard for the faithful nurse "Dear old 
May," as she used to call her. When she retired from the Eoyal 
service, and lived in recent years in Windsor, she was always 
welcome at the Castle. The Queen herself and the Princesses often 
saw her, and the Prince of Wales frequently brought her handsome 
presents. In reading the account of her funeral, it is pleasant to 
see that on the card attached to one of the many wreaths laid on 
her coffin were the words : " A mark of affection and gratitude 
from Victoria E. I." A beautiful wreath sent by the Prince and 
Princess of Wales bore the inscription : " In remembrance of dear 
old May." 

When the Eoyal children came to be under governesses and 
teachers, they were taught well the usual branches of early educa- 
tion, and were also trained in practical ways, the boys in the use of 
tools, and the girls in household work, especially when the Swiss 
Cottage at Osborne was occupied by the young folk. 

In the story of the ' Early Years of the Prince Consort ' there is 
an amusing reference to the interruptions of the schoolroom studies 
by the old Duke of Saxe-Coburg, who loved to carry off the two 
boys, and take them on excursions. The Prince himself did this 
sometimes, as when the two elder children, in the autumn of 1846, 
were taken with their parents in the Victoria and Albert to Port- 
land, Weymouth, Guernsey, Dartmouth, and Plymouth, between 
August 8th and 25th; and to Jersey, Falmouth, St. Michael's 
-Mount, and the Duchy of Cornwall, between September 2nd and 9th. 
Of these excursions details are given in the Queen's ' Leaves from a 
Journal.' The Queen tells how, at several places off the Cornish 
coast, " boats crowded round us in all directions, and when Bertie 
showed himself the people shouted, ' Three cheers for the Duke of 
Cornwall !'"... In the Journal, under date September 7th, 
Prince Albert having that day landed to visit some mines, the 
Queen has this entry, " The Corporation of Penryn were on board, 
and very anxious to see the Duke of Cornwall, so I stepped out of 
the pavilion with Bertie, and Lord Palrnerston told them that that 
was the Duke of Cornwall ; and the old Mayor of Penryn said that 
' he hoped he would grow up to be a blessing to his parents, and to 
his country.' " 

On September the 2nd, on the evening of the day when the 
Eoj-al yacht left Osborne for the Channel Islands, " Bertie put on 
his sailor's dress, which was beautifully made by the man on board 
who makes for our sailors. When he appeared, the officers and 
sailors, who were all assembled on deck to see him, cheered, and 
seemed delighted with him. 


In 1847 there was another holiday journey, this time to Scotland, 
the Queen and the Prince taking with them, as before, the two 
eldest children, with Miss Hildyard, their governess. They 
embarked at Osborne, in the Eoyal yacht, on the llth of August. 
On the 14th they were at Pembroke, when the dockyard and 
the castle were inspected: thence along the coast of Wales, 
landing at Bangor, from whence there was an expedition to Penryn 
Castle, and thence past the Isle of Man to the Scottish coast. Of 
this journey a detailed account is given in a letter to Baron 
Stockmar. At Eothesay in the Isle of Bute, the Prince Consort says, 
" The people were as much rejoiced to see the Duke of Rothesay 
as the Welsh were to salute the Prince of Wales on their native 
ground." It was this enthusiasm about local associations that led 
the Queen, after the first visit to Ireland, to desire for the Prince 
the title of Earl of Dublin. 

During 1848 and the following year there was much in the 
state of public aifairs, at home and abroad, to occupy the 
attention of the Queen and the Prince Consort, but they were 
anxiously considering the plans for the future education of the 
Prince of Wales. In May 1848 negociations had been opened 
with Mr. Birch, who had been highly recommended as tutor. 
In the spring of 1849 the appointment was made, and Prince 
Albert, in a letter to the Dowager Duchess of Gotha, dated 
Windsor Castle, 10th April, thus wrote, " The children grow more 
than well. Bertie will be given over in a few weeks into the 
hands of a tutor, whom we have found in Mr. Birch, a young, 
good-looking, amiable man, who was a tutor at Eton, and who not 
only himself took the highest honours at Cambridge, but whose 
pupils have won especial distinction. It is an important step, 
and God's blessing be upon it, for upon the good education of 
Princes, and especially of those who are destined to govern, the 
welfare of the world in these days very greatly depends." 

Of the course and conduct of the studies of the Prince, under 
Mr. Birch, from 1849-1851, and under his successor, Mr. Gibbs, 
from 1851-1858, it is not necessary to speak. His other teachers 
were efficient in their departments, such as Mr. Corbould, who 
taught drawing to all the Royal children ; and M. Brasseur, the 
French teacher, to whom the Prince paid a visit when in Paris in 
1888. As in the earlier years, so when he was under tutors, the 
real education for public life was less in study than in the com- 
panionship and the example of his parents. A man of wide 
knowledge and of varied accomplishments like the Prince Consort 
had higher views of education than mere scholastic routine. He 
took his son to all places where a love of arts and sciences might 
be encouraged and fostered, and hence the Prince obtained know- 
ledge and acquired tastes not universal among young Englishmen, 
in times before the subjects of academic training and honours had 
been enlarged, mainly through the influence of the Prince Consort, 
as Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. From his father 

B 2 


also he inherited the taste for music which has been since turned 
to national benefit. But above all, he was often taken to 
meetings and festivals connected with charitable institutions, a 
Princely duty in which the son has been proud to follow the 
example of his lamented father. 

The extra-scholastic education of the Prince was continued 
throughout the time that Mr. Gibbs, his classical tutor, remained 
with him. He was also gradually introduced to public life, and 
initiated in affairs of modern as well as ancient history, events 
reported in the newspapers of the day, as well as those recorded by 
the historians of antiquity. As early as the 3rd of April, 1854, 
when the Addresses from both Houses of Parliament were pre- 
sented to the Queen, in answer to Her Majesty's message 
announcing the opening of war with Eussia, we are told that " the 
Prince of Wales took his place, for the first time, beside the Queen 
and Prince Albert upon the throne." In the succeeding years 
these appearances in public were frequent, and in 1857 he accom- 
panied the Queen and the Prince on their memorable visit to the 
Art Treasures Exhibition at Manchester. The Princess Eoyal, 
the Princess Alice, Prince George, and Prince Frederick William 
of Prussia, were also guests at Worsley Hall during this visit. In 
Manchester, as recorded by the Queen in her Diary, " The crowd 
was enormous, greater than ever witnessed before, and enthusiastic 
beyond belief nothing but kind and friendly faces." Upwards 
of a million people were computed to have been in the streets that 
day. Not only were the treasures of the Exhibition carefully 
inspected, but visits.were paid to some of the great manufacturing 
works of the town. On the day that the Queen drove to see the 
statue of herself recently erected in the Peel Park, the Prince 
Consort, with his two eldest sons, and Prince Frederick William, 
went to the Manchester Town Hall, to receive the address which 
the Corporation presented to the Prussian Prince on his approach- 
ing marriage with the Princess Eoyal. 

In July of that year, 1857, the Prince of Wales went to 
Konigswinter, for the purposes of study. He was accompanied by 
General Grey, Sir Henry Ponsonby, and several companions, 
among whom were Mr. C. Wood, son of Lord Halifax, Lord 
Cadogan, and Mr. F. Stanley, son of Lord Derby. With Mr. Gibbs 
was now associated the Eev. Canon Tarver, who, on the retirement 
of Mr. Gibbs in 1858, was appointed Director of Studies and 
Chaplain. In this capacity he accompanied the Prince to Eome, 
Spain, and Portugal, and afterwards went with him to Edinburgh, 
remaining with the Prince till the autumn of 1859, when his 
education ceased to be conducted at home. 

Of the principal events of the year 1858 as regards the Prince, 
a most interesting statement is given in a letter of his father to 
his old friend Stockmar. It is dated Windsor Castle, April 2nd. 
" Yesterday the Confirmation of the Prince of Wales went off with 
great solemnity, and I hope with lasting impression on his mind. 


The previous day his examination took place before the Archbishop 
and ourselves. Wellesley (Dean of Windsor) prolonged it a full 
hour, and Bertie acquitted himself extremely well. To-day we take 
the sacrament with him." In a Memorandum by Her Majesty, it 
is said that the Prince Consort " had a very strong feeling about 
the solemnity of this act, and did not like to appear in company 
either the evening before or on the day on which he took the 
sacrament ; and he and the Queen almost always dined alone on 
these occasions." With such habitual feelings about the solemnity 
of the service, the " First Communion " of his eldest son must 
have deeply touched his heart. 

In the letter to Stockmar the Prince continues his statement 
about the educational plans for his son. " Next week he is to 
make a run for fourteen days to the South of Ireland, with 
Mr. Gibbs, Captain de Eos, and Dr. Minter, for recreation. When 
he returns to London he is to take up his residence at the White 
Lodge, in Richmond Park, so as to be away from the world, and 
devote himself exclusively to study, and prepare for a military 
examination. As companions for him we have appointed three 
veiy distinguished young men, of from 23 to 26 years of age, who 
are to occupy in monthly rotation a kind of equerry's place about 
him, and from whose more intimate intercourse I anticipate no 
small benefit to Bertie." These companions were Lord Valletort, 
eldest son of Lord Mount-Edgecombe, Major Teesdale, E.A., of 
Kars celebrity, and Major Loyd-Lindsay, V.C., of all of whom the 
Prince expresses to Stockmar his high opinion. " Besides these 
three, only Mr. Gibbs and Mr. Tarver will go with him to 
Richmond. As future Governor I have as yet been able to think 
of no one as likely to suit, except Colonel Bruce, Lord Elgin's 
brother, and his military secretary in Canada, who now commands 
one of the battalions of Grenadier Guards. He has all the 
amiability of his sister (Lady Augusta Bruce, afterwards Lady 
Augusta Stanley), with great mildness of expression, and is full 
of ability." 

Fortunately for the Prince, the wish to obtain the services of 
Colonel Bruce was successful. On the 9th of November, 1858, 
writing from Windsor Castle to the King of Prussia on political 
affairs, which in Prussia were then in troubled condition, the Prince 
adds : " I ought not to tease you just now with family trifles, still I 
will let you know that Bertie, who to-day solemnizes his eighteenth 
birthday, proposes to pay a fortnight's visit to his sister, and asks 
leave to present himself to you. It will not be a State, but purely 
a family visit ; and we, therefore, beg you only to show him such 
slender courtesies as are suitable to a member, and a very young 
one, of the family. To-day he becomes a Colonel in the Army, 
unattached, and will receive the Garter. Colonel Bruce, Lord 
Elgin's brother, has become his Governor." 

The Prince speaks of family events as trifles, compared with 
great political aftairs, but he felt deeply every change in the home 


life. A few weeks earlier, he had taken his son, Alfred, to his 
ship at Spithead, from which he went to sea at once. On the day 
before, the father wrote, "His departure will be another great 
trial to us : the second child lost to our family circle in one year." 

On the 10th of January, 1859, the Prince of Wales started on 
his Italian tour. He had previously been hard at study. He had 
opportunities of seeing much that was interesting in his continental 
journey, but the stay at Eome, which was greatly enjoyed, had to 
be abruptly ended. The restless ambition of the Emperor of 
the French had brought about war with Austria, and a French 
descent on Sardinia. Orders were sent to the Prince of Wales to 
leave Eome and repair to Gibraltar, which he reached on the 
7th of May. The plan now arranged was that he was to 
visit the south of Spain and Lisbon, to return to England in the 
middle of June, and in July and August to take up his head- 
quarters in Edinburgh for study. 

All this was well carried out, and on the llth of September the 
Prince joined his parents at Balmoral. The Court had left 
Osborne on the 29th of August for the Highlands, and reached 
Balmoral on the 31st, after spending a day and a night in 
Edinburgh. Writing to Stockmar a few days after, the Prince 
Consort says they had " travelled for the first time by night, 
straight through from London to Edinburgh, in order to gain a day 
for that place. The experiment proved a complete success, and 
the Queen was not at all tired. When in Edinburgh I had an 
educational conference with all the persons who are taking part 
in the education of the Prince of Wales. They all speak highly of 
i-im, and he seems to have shown zeal and good will. Dr. Lyon 
Playfair is giving him lectures on Chemistry in relation to 
Manufacture^, and at the close of each special course he visits the 
appropriate manufactory with him, so as to explain its practical 
application. Dr. Schmitz, the Bector of the High School of 
Edinburgh, a German, gives him lectures on Eoman History. 
Italian, German, and French are advanced at the same time ; and 
three times a week the Prince exercises with the 16th Hussars, 
who are stationed near the city. Mr. Fisher, who is to be tutor 
at Oxford, was also in Holyrood. Law and History are to be the 
subjects on which he is to prepare the Prince." 

All this shows the care taken in regard to the education of the 
Prince. The Eoyal pupil had rather a stiff course of study in 
these days, but he stuck manfully to all his work, which had been 
carefully planned by his good father, who held that little relaxation 
should be allowed 'even during holiday time. In a letter of 17th 
September, 1859, to Mr. Tarver, who was still Director of Studies, 
he wrote, " I should be very sorry that lie " (the Prince of Wales) 
" should look upon the reading of a novel, even by Sir Walter Scott, 
as a day's work." Fond as he was himself of high-class works of 
fiction, the Prince held they should be sparingly laid open to 
young people during years which should be devoted to study. 


In December 1859 the Prince Consort wrote to the old Duchess 
of Coburg, who ever retained lively interest in all the family 
affairs, "The visit of Prince Frederick William of Prussia and 
his Princess came to a close on the 3rd. He has delighted us 
much. Vicky has developed greatly of late, and yet remained 
quite a child, of such is the Kingdom of Heaven." With sad 
interest we recall this, after recent events. Also it is written 
about the same time, " The Prince of Wales is working hard at 

The year closed, and the new year dawned very peaceably 
and happily, the Queen saying in her Diary, "I never remember 
spending a pleasanter New Year's Day, surrounded by our children 
and dear Mama. It is really extraordinary how much our good 
children did for the day, in reading, reciting, and music." 

In the early spring arrangements were being made for the 
proposed visit of the Prince of Wales to America. A promise o 
this visit had been given to the Canadians during the Crimean War 
for which Her Majesty's loyal subjects in the Dominion had levied 
and equipped a regiment. A reqiiest was then made that Her 
Majesty would visit her American possessions. On this being 
pronounced inexpedient, the Canadians asked that one of the 
Queen's sons might be Governor-General. Their youth made 
this impossible, and then the promise was made that the Prince of 
Wales, as soon as he was old enough, should visit Canada. It was 
now announced that this visit should be early in the autumn of 
1860, and that it should be signalised by laying the foundation 
stone of the new Canadian Parliament House at Ottawa. It was 
also arranged that the Prince should be accompanied by the Duke 
of Newcastle, Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

This no sooner became known on the other side of the water 
than the President of the United States, James Buchanan, 
addressed a letter to the Queen, dated on June 4th (Independence 
Day), offering a cordial welcome to the States, and assuring Her 
Majesty that the Prince would be everywhere greeted in a manner 
that could not fail to be gratifying to the Queen. A reply was 
sent, in the same friendly spirit, informing the President that the 
Prince would return from Canada through the United States, and 
that it would give him pleasure to have an opportunity of testify- 
ing in person to the President that the feelings which prompted 
his invitation were fully reciprocated on this side of the Atlantic. 

After a short visit to Coburg in the early summer, the Prince 
started for the New World on the 10th of July, and on the 25th 
landed at St. John's, Newfoundland. His arrival caused a fever of 
excitement. " If all the Colonies feel towards the Prince as New- 
foundland does," wrote one who witnessed the scenes, " it was a 
most politic step to have sent him on this tour." The rough 
fishermen and their wives were delighted, and were full of admira- 
tion. " God bless his pretty face, and send him a good wife ! " 
was their most frequent exclamation. The manner of the Prince 


to the venerable Bishop of Newfoundland was very beautiful, so 
gentle, and quite reverential," that all were touched, and the old 
man said, "God bless my dear young Prince! I hope he will 
carry away a favourable impression of this almost unknown nigged 

The same enthusiasm was shown everywhere in Canada, and the 
Duke of Newcastle writing to the Queen on the 23rd of September, 
from Dwight in Illinois, after he had crossed into the United 
States, thus summed up the results of the visit : " Now that the 
Canadian visit is concluded, the Duke of Newcastle may pronounce 
it eminently successful, and may venture to offer Her Majesty his- 
humble but very hearty congratulations. He does not doubt that 
future years will clearly demonstrate the good that has been done. 
The attachment to the Crown has been greatly cemented. . . . The 
Doke of Newcastle is rejoiced to think that this is not the only 
good that has sprung out of this visit. It has done much good to 
the Prince of Wales himself, and the development of his mind and 
habit of thought is very perceptible. The Duke of Newcastle will 
be much disappointed if your Majesty and the Prince Consort are 
not pleased with the change that has been brought about by this 
practical school, in which so many of the future duties of life 
have been forced upon the Prince's daily attention. He has 
certainly left a very favourable impression behind him." 

Besides laying the foundation stone of the buildings for the 
Parliament House at Ottawa, the Prince performed another 
memorable action in driving home the last rivet of the magnificent 
Yictoria Bridge at Montreal. 

The enthusiasm caused by the visit to the States was immense. 
Chicago was the first great town reached after leaving Niagara, 
and here the reception was remarkable. It was the same at 
Cincinnati, and at St. Louis. In fact everywhere the friendly 
spirit of the people was the same, and the courtesy of the civic 
authorities, and of the educated classes, most marked. A pleasant 
record of the prevailing feeling is given in a letter from a well- 
known American author. " The Prince is decidedly a popular 
character with us, and he may consider himself a lucky lad if he 
escapes nomination for President before he reaches his home-bound 
fleet. The funny part of the whole affair is to note the unwilling- 
ness of people to be shalbed off with a sham title (Baron Kenfrew, 
under which name he travelled in the States), instead of His Boyal 
Highness the Prince of Wales, a real up and down and out and 
out Prince, and of the right stuff too ; coupled with a hope he may 
long remain so ; for there is not a living being more sincerely 
beloved by our people than his Boyal mother." 

Washington was reached on the 3rd of October. The most 
memorable incident of his stay at the capital was an excursion, on 
the 5th, in company with the President to Mount Vernon, the 
home and the burial-place of George Washington. The reporter of 
the Times thus speaks of the event, " Before this humble tomb the 


Prince, the President, and all the party stood uncovered. It is 
easy moralizing on this visit, for there is something grandly 
suggestive of historical retribution in the reverential awe of the 
Prince of NY ales, the great-grandson of George TIL, standing bare- 
headed at the foot of the coffin of Washington. For a few 
moments the party stood mute and motionless, and the Prince 
then proceeded to plant a chestnut by the side of the tomb. It 
seemed when the Royal youth closed in the earth around the little 
germ, that he was burying the last faint trace of discord between 
us and our great brethren in the N\ est," 

The Prince left Washington for Bichmond on the following day, 
and closed his American tour at Boston, after having had a 
magnificent welcome at New York from the vast population of 
that city. In an American paper of the day it was said, " All our 
reminiscences, the history, the poetry, the romance of England for 
ten centuries, are concentrated in the huzzahs with which we 
greet the Prince of Wales." 

The Prince landed at Plymouth on the 13th of November 
and the same evening arrived at Windsor. On the 18th of 
January he went to Cambridge for his first term, and resumed his 
studies, under his preceptors, at Madingley HalL At the end of hi 
second term he went to the camp of the Curragh of Kildare during 
the -summer vacation. 

In the autumn of 1861 he went to Germany, "with the intention 
of meeting the Princess Alexandra of Denmark, with the view to 
marriage, if the meeting should result in mutual attachment. The 
meeting, which took place at Speier and at Heidelberg, led to their 
engagement. The Prince returned to Madingley Hall, from 
whence he was summoned to Windsor on the day before his 
beloved fathers death, on the 14th of December, 1861. 

It is not our purpose to encroach further on the office of the 
future biographer of the Prince of Wales. In the * Life of the 
Prince Consort ' the sad incidents of that December are described 
with touching pathc*s. Neither do we propose to narrate the 
events that occurred between the death of the Prince Consort and 
the marriage of the Prince of Wales, to the Princess Alexandra, 
on the 10th of March, 1863. These events are fresh in the 
recollection of many to whom the incidents of the earlier life of 
the Prince are less known. It is enough to say as to these years, 
that he continued to be diligent in the acquirement of varied 
knowledge; that he carefully attended to his military duties; 
that he took active part in the volunteer movement ; and in town 
and country was alike popular, from his love of manly sport as 
well as of the pursuits of art. 

The coming of age of the Prince was not celebrated with, great 
ceremony, for he was abroad at the time, and the shadow of sorrow 
was still over the Royal household. But when the Prince brought 
his bride to England the joy of the nation was unbounded. The 
passage of the Prince and Princess through the streets of London 


was a scene of popular enthusiasm such as has seldom been 
witnessed, so tumultuous was the outburst of joy. The magnificent 
splendour of the marriage itself was as nothing compared with 
that national demonstration. In the following pages it will be 
seen how the Prince and Princess were one in public life, as they 
were in heart and home. 

When the Prince and Princess were returning from Osborne, 
where they spent the honeymoon, on arriving at Portsmouth, 
en route to Windsor, the Mayor and Corporation presented an 
address, upon the deck of the Eoyal yacht Fairy. This was the 
first of a succession of " addresses," which were merely marriage 
congratulations, couched in complimentary strains, and responded 
to in a few grateful and gracious words. These addresses were so 
numerous that they came to be merely mentioned in list, and in 
that early time might have been troublesome, but for the courtesy 
and good nature of the Prince. These demonstrations continued 
throughout the summer, the last being at Edinburgh, where 
their Eoyal Highnesses remained for a night on the way to 
Abergeldie, their Highland home near Balmoral. They did not 
go to Holyrood Palace, but to Douglas' private hotel, in St. 
Andrew's Square. Here a vast crowd assembled, and the Prince 
and Princess had to appear and bow their acknowledgments 
from the open window, till the multitude dispersed. But before 
going to the North, the Prince had already made public ap- 
pearances, and his voice had been heard, in the City of London. 
The words were few, but the occasions were so important ihat 
with them may be commenced the record of the Speeches of His 
Eoyal Highness. The earliest appearance in a public assembly 
was at the banquet of the Eoyal Academy of Arts, on the 2nd of 
May, 1863. 

( 11 ) 



May 2nd, 1863. 

THE annual banquet given "by the President and Council of the 
Royal Academy of Arts, at Burlington House, is one of the chief 
events of the London season, or rather, it marks the opening of the 
season. It always takes place on the Saturday preceding the 
first Monday in May, when the Exhibition of Pictures is opened 
to the public. Seldom can a more distinguished company of men, 
eminent in art, science, and literature, as well as in social position 
and public life, be seen together than on these occasions. The 
Prince of Wales has been a very frequent guest, and his speeches 
have been so numerous, that it seems best to group them together, 
at a later part of this volume. But the first speech at the Academy 
banquet was so interesting an occasion that it is given under the 
date of its delivery. 

The presence of the young Prince, and so soon after his 
marriage, gave unusual eclat to the banquet of 1863. At that 
time Sir Charles Eastlake was President, and the rooms of the 
Academy were at Trafalgar Square. After the toast of " The Queen," 
the President made touching reference to the loss which the 
nation as well as the Royal Family had recently sustained. He 
gave " The memory of the great and good Prince Consort," which 
was drunk in deep silence. Then followed the toast of " The Prince 
of Wales, and the rest of the Royal Family." " The Council of the 
Royal Academy," said the President, " had that day the honour of 
offering their respectful and heartfelt congratulations to His Royal 
Highness on his marriage to a Princess, whose personal attractions 
and gracious manners enhance the impression of Her Royal 
Highness's amiable character." 

The Prince, in replying, spoke (as was said at the time) 
"evidently under deep emotion, but in a peculiarly clear and 
pleasing tone of voice, and with great impressiveness of 
manner " : 


" Sir Charles Eastlake, your Koyal Highnesses, my Lords, and 
Gentlemen, It is with the most contending feelings of plea- 
sure, pride, and sorrow that I rise to return you thanks in the 
name of myself and the Eoyal family for the kind terms in 
which you, Sir Charles, have proposed our health, and for the 
very cordial way in which this distinguished assembly has 
received it. I cannot on this occasion divest my mind of the 
associations connected with my beloved and lamented father. 
His bright example cannot fail to stimulate my efforts to tread 
in his footsteps : and, whatever my shortcomings may be, I 
may at least presume to participate in the interest which he 
took in every institution which tended to encourage art and 
science in this country, but more especially in the prosperity of 
the Eoyal Academy. Adverting to my marriage, I beg you to 
believe how grateful I feel for, and I may be permitted to add 
how sincerely I appreciate, the sentiments you have expressed 
with reference to the Princess. I know that I am only speak- 
ing her mind in joining her thoughts to mine on this occasion. 
We neither of us can ever forget the manner in which our 
union has been celebrated throughout the nation ; and I should 
be more than ungrateful if I did not retain the most lasting as 
well as most pleasing recollection of the kind expressions and 
reception which my attendance at your anniversary meeting 
has evoked this evening." 

Among the speakers at this banquet of 1863 were Lord Palmer - 
ston, Mr. Thackeray, and Sir Eoderick Murchison. 

June 8th, 1863. 

THE first event of importance in the public life of the Prince of 
"Wales, after his marriage, was the taking up the freedom of the 
City of London, on the 8th of June, 1863. As far back as the 
12th of March the following resolution had been passed by the 
Court of Common Council : 

" That His Royal Highness Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, be 
very respectfully requested to take upon himself the freedom of 
the City, to which he is entitled by patrimony ; and that upon 
his acceding to this request His Eoyal Highness be presented with 


the copy of the freedom, enclosed in a casket, in testimony of the 
affection and profound respect entertained by the Court for his 
person and character." 

Having signified his assent to the request, the 8th of June was 
fixed as the day when the Prince would come to Guildhall to take 
up the freedom. The Lord Mayor and the civic authorities 
thought that this would be the fittest time for the official reception 
of the Prince and Princess, and for an entertainment, worthy of 
the occasion of the marriage, and of the ancient hospitality of the 
City of London. Invitations were accordingly issued to about two 
thousand guests to meet the Royal visitors, and the list included 
all the most eminent persons in public life or in society, and the 
ambassadors and representatives of foreign countries. Immense 
and costly preparations were made, both in the decoration of the 
Hall, and for the reception of the guests. Shortly after 9 P.M. 
the sound of trumpets announced that the Eoyal party had 
arrived. The Prince wore his military uniform, and the Eiband 
and Star of the Garter. The Princess wore a rich but simple 
white dress,' with coronet and brooch of diamonds, the wedding 
present of her husband, and the splendid necklace of brilliants 
which the City of London had presented. With them came Prince 
Alfred, the Duchess of Cambridge, the Duke and Princess Mary of 
Cambridge, and other Eoyal personages, followed by a numerous 
retinue. The Eoyal party were conducted to the dai's, in front of 
which was a table at which the Lord Mayor (Alderman Hose, M.P. ), 
and the City officials took their places, and there resolved them- 
selves into a Court of Common Council. All wore their robes and 
insignia of office, the sword and mace laid on the table before the 
Lord Mayor. The resolution passed on the 12th of March having 
been read, and also the official record of His Eoyal Highness's 
title to the freedom, the Prince then read aloud and afterwards 
subscribed the following declaration : 

" I, Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, do solemnly declare that I 
will be good and true to our Sovereign Lady Queen Victoria; 
that I will be obedient to the Mayor of this City; that I will 
maintain the franchises and customs thereof, and will keep this 
City harmless, in that which in me is ; that I will also keep the 
Queen's peace in my own person ; that I will know no gatherings 
nor conspiracies made against the Queen's peace, but I will warn 
the Mayor thereof, or hinder it to my power ; and that all these 
points and articles I will well and truly keep, according to the 
laws and customs of this City, to my power. 


Mr. Benjamin Scott, the Chamberlain, then read an address, at 
the close of which he offered the right hand of fellowship as a 
citizen of London, and presented the gold casket containing the 
record of the freedom. The Prince, in reply, said : 


" My Lord Mayor, Mr. Chamberlain, and Gentlemen, It is, 
I assure you, a source of sincere gratification to me to attend 
here for the purpose of being invested with a privilege which 
for the reasons you have stated you are unable to confer upon 
me, and which descends to me by inheritance. It is a patrimony 
that I am proud to claim this freedom of the greatest city of 
the commercial world, which holds its charter from such an 
ancient date. My pride is increased when I call to memory 
the long list of illustrious men who have been enrolled among 
the citizens of London, more especially when I connect with 
that list the beloved father to whom you have adverted in such 
warm terms of eulogy and respect, and through whom I am 
here to claim my freedom of the City of London. My Lord 
Mayor and Gentlemen, the Princess and myself heartily thank 
you for the past for your loyalty and expressions of attachment 
towards the Queen, for the manifestations of this evening 
towards ourselves, and for all your prayers for our future 

When the ceremony was ended, the Prince and the Eoyal 
visitors withdrew from the Hall, but soon returned to join in the 
festivities, which began with a ball. " The Lord Mayor led off in 
a spirited quadrille with Her Eoyal Highness the Princess, and 
the Prince with the Lady Mayoress." So runs the record, with 
details of the dances, and the names of the dancers in the area 
kept clear, in front of the dai's, for the special guests. Attempts 
were occasionally made to keep up dancing in the body of the 
Hall, but the crowd was so great that, till after supper, and the 
retirement of the Eoyal party, the fete was more of a grand 
assembly than a ball. Under whatever name, it was a magnificent 
entertainment, and aged citizens tell us that Guildhall had never 
witnessed a scene so splendid and joyous. 

June 24th, 1863. 

ONE of the earliest appearances of the Prince and Princess of 
Wales in support of a charitable institution was when they opened 
the new buildings erected at Slough for the British Orphan Asylum, 
on the 24th of June, 1863. The scholars belonging to the Asylum 
had so largely increased in number that the Board of Directors 


resolved in 1862 to move the whole establishment from Clapham 
Eise, its former locality, to more spacious premises at Slough. They 
"bought the freehold of the well-known and large Royal Hotel, 
which had been closed since the old coaches had been driven off the 
road by the railway. The situation was admirable, and the grounds 
spacious, and by adding an additional story the building was 
readily adapted to its new purpose. 

The fine weather and the presence of the Prince and Princess 
attracted a large assemblage. On the arrival of their Royal High- 
nesses the pupils sang the Old Hundredth Psalm, the National 
Anthem having been previously played by military bands as the 
procession moved towards a dai's, beneath a marquee on the lawn. 
An Address was read, concluding with the expression of a hope 
that the Prince and Princess would allow their names to be enrolled 
as Vice-Patron and Yice-Patroness of the Asylum, of which the 
Queen is Patron. The Prince made the following reply : 

" It has given the Princess and myself great pleasure to be 
present at the opening of your most excellent Asylum, and to 
have been invited to take part in so good a work. The bene- 
volent purposes of this widely-extended institution speak for 
themselves. It is one in which the Queen and my lamented 
father, the promoter of every scheme for the relief of the 
miserable, evinced a warm interest, and the details which you 
have given of its formation and progress furnish another appeal 
for aid from those whose highest enjoyment it is to give a home 
and education to the fatherless and destitute. It is a privilege, 
I assure you, that the Princess and myself value greatly to have 
our names associated with the British Orphan Asylum." 

The Prince then formally declared the building to be for ever 
dedicated to the purposes of the British Orphan Asylum, and also 
announced the munificent gift of 12,000 from Mr. Edward Mac- 
kenzie to the building fund. The Bishop of Bath and Wells 
offered prayer ; a choral was sung, and many purses were presented 
in the offertory. Trees were also planted in commemoration of 
the day. 

Eleven years later, the Prince presided at the anniversary festival 
of the Asylum. He then said that he felt a special interest in the 
institution, which he had visited along with the Princess of Wales 
so many years before. In his speech at that festival he spoke more 
fully of the objects and merits of the Asylum, as will be seen in 
the report under the date of the festival in May 1874. 


July 8th, 1863. 

AFTER the visit to Guildhall, the common hall of all the City 
Guilds or Companies, the civic event of most importance was 
-when, on the 8th of July, 1863, the Prince went to the City to 
take up his freedom in the Mercers' Company, and to enroll his 
name on their records. 

It was a fitting thing thus early to show his attachment to 
ancient Guilds and Corporate Constitutions. The Mercers' 
Company is the first in rank, and the most ancient of all the great 
City Guilds, and its roll of members is one of the most illustrious. 
Its existence as a Metropolitan Guild can be traced as far back as 
the year 1172, and the Company received its incorporation in 1392 
from Richard II., who conferred upon it the honour of becoming 
one of its brethren. Besides the Eoyal names of King Henry VIII. 
and Queen Elizabeth, the Company can boast those of Sir Eichard 
Whittington, William Caxton the Printer, Sir Thomas Greshani, 
and Dean Colet, the founder of St. Paul's School. The address to 
the Prince was read by the Master Warden, the Eev. Markland 
Barnard, who had the distinction of representing the fourteenth 
generation of his family, who had been freemen or wardens of the 
Company ever since the third year of Henry IV. 

To this address the Prince listened with' marked attention, and 
then replied, in a clear and pleasing tone, which those who heard 
it said he inherited from his Eoyal mother : 

" Master and Court of Assistants, I am glad to avail myself 
of the last opportunity which my stay in London affords me of 
attending here this day to receive the freedom of your ancient 
and honourable company. The oldest of the city companies, 
the Mercers', is hardly exceeded by any in the amount of its 
charities, or in its capabilities of doing good. How these 
powers have been exercised, the list of the foundations of the 
company and of the distinguished persons whom you have 
enumerated as benefactors and freemen tells us. Among the 
latter, the great Sovereign, who was herself a sister of the 
company, stands conspicuous ; and commerce and science 
appear equally to have lent their representatives to ennoble the 
Mercers' Company. To be associated with such names in the 
freedom and history of your company is an honour and privilege 
I am proud to have conferred upon me. I thank you sincerely 
for the terms in which you have mentioned the names of my 


beloved mother and the Princess, and for the happiness you 
desire for us both." 

The Prince then subscribed the Oath of the Company, with its 
quaint old phraseology, affixing his usual signature, ALBERT 

The Clerk then presented His Royal Highness with the formal 
document which enrolled him as a Freeman, enclosed in a massive 
gold casket of exquisite design and workmanship. The numerous 
visitors who had witnessed the ceremony afterwards had a dejeuner 
in the Banqueting Hall, the Prince with a small number of select 
guests being at the same time entertained in the Council Boom. 

May 18tJi, 1864. 

IN the last annual Report of the Royal Literary Fund, for 1888, it 
is said: "The anniversary of 1864 was memorable as the first 
public dinner presided over by the Prince of Wales, to whose 
presence in the chair the Institution is indebted for a success 
altogether unprecedented in the history of its anniversaries." 

The annual Report for 1864 contains a detailed account of the 
proceedings at that meeting, the seventy-fifth anniversary of the 
Institution. It was natural that a large number of eminent men 
should assemble to support the youthful Chairman, whose illus- 
trious father had presided at the fifty-third anniversary, in 1842. 
In the long list of Stewards, in 1864, appear the names of almost 
all those most distinguished at that time, not only in Literature, 
but in Art and Science, and in every department of the public 
service. Upwards of four hundred attended, and the special 
donations to the fund at the dinner amounted to 2328 17s., a sum 
then far in advance of any profit of former anniversaries. This 
amount has only once since been exceeded, when the King of the- 
Belgians presided, in 1872. 

In commemoration of Prince Albert's presidency, Her Majesty 
was graciously pleased to grant to this Institution the privilege of 
bearing the Crown as an addition to its Armorial bearings, and the 
style of the Institution was thenceforth that of " The Royal 
Literary Fund." Her Majesty confers upon it the sanction of her 
name as its Patron, and has shown her interest by an annual 
benefaction of One Hundred Guineas, ever since the year of her 

By the donations and subscriptions of members of the Corpora- 
tion, with the addition of legacies, and the profits obtained at the 
anniversary festivals, the Royal Literary Fund has been enabled, 



since its foundation in the latter part of the eighteenth century, to 
dispense upwards of 105,000 to needy persons of the literary 

The importance and the benefits of the Institution will more 
clearly appear from a "brief statement of the proceedings at the 
Festival over which H.R.H. the Prince of Wales presided. The 
dinner was served in St. James's Hall on Wednesday, May 18th. 
Grace was said by the Lord Primate of Ireland. After the removal 
of the cloth, and the singing of the " Deum Laudate," the Prince 
rose to propose the first toast : 

" The first toast I have the honour to propose is ' The health of 
Her Majesty the Queen, our munificent Patron ; ' a toast which 
I feel sure will be drunk with the enthusiasm which it elicits on 
all public occasions. Although the Queen is now compelled, to 
a certain extent, to withdraw from public life, still her interest 
in every institution of this country, and particularly in chari- 
table institutions, remains undiminished. Gentlemen, I give 
you ' The Queen.' " 

The next toast was proposed by the Marquis of Salisbury, 
" The health of Her Eoyal Highness the Princess of Wales, and 
the rest of the Eoyal Family." The toast was drunk with all the 
honours and responded to by His Eoyal Highness the Chairman. 
" The Church " having been proposed by the Bt. Hon. Edward 
Cardwell, and responded to by the Archbishop of Armagh, H.E.H. 
the Chairman proposed the toast of "The Army, Navy, and 
Volunteers," saying : 

" This is a toast which it gives me especial pleasure to propose 
from the circumstance of my having served for a time with both 
infantry and cavalry. Short as my service was, it has been long 
enough to impress me with the conviction of the efficiency of all 
ranks composing the British army. I have also had an oppor- 
tunity during my voyage to America in 1860, and on many 
other occasions, of witnessing the able manner in which the 
duties of the navy are performed. The volunteers demand our 
warmest thanks and approbation for the zeal with which they 
came forward when they thought their services were required, a 
zeal which they still evince on every occasion afforded to them. 
I beg to couple with ' the Army and Volunteers,' the name of 
my illustrious relative the Duke of Cambridge, who so ably fills 
the arduous post of Commander-in-Chief entrusted to him by 
the Queen, and to whose practical and liberal administration 


the army owes its present high state of efficiency. With ' the 
Navy,' I will couple the name of Bear- Admiral Sir Alexander 
Milne, who has only lately returned from the successful 
discharge of the difficult duties attaching to the command of 
the North American Station. Gentlemen, let us drink to the 
' Army, Navy, and Volunteers.' " 

The Duke of Cambridge and Admiral Sir Alexander Milne 
having responded, His Koyal Highness the Chairman then gave 
the toast of " The Eoyal Literary Fund," saying : 

"Your Eoyal Highness, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I have 
now the honour to propose the most important toast of the 
evening, it is 'Prosperity to the Eoyal Literary Fund.' 
Although the most important, it is nevertheless the toast upon 
which, perhaps, I can say least, certainly I can give you no new 
information, as every one here present knows better than I do 
the character of this institution. Still it is right that I should 
offer a few remarks on the working of this Society. You are all 
aware, gentlemen, of the immense advantages which have been 
derived from it in support of literature and science. One of its 
principal features is that it is not limited to our own country- 
men, but is often extended to literary men of all nations ; so 
that we may feel proud to think that by our timely assistance, 
we not only advance the literature of our own country, but that 
of other nations. In this way, many eminent men who would 
otherwise be incapacitated from carrying on their labours, and 
from making their talents known to the world, are enabled to do 
so. The second important feature is the secrecy with which this 
timely aid is given, a secrecy so sacredly observed that in the 
whole number of cases, which amount to 1,645 since the 
foundation of this Corporation in the year 1790, there is not a 
single case of any indiscretion having been committed ; and if 
cases have been brought to light at all, it has only been through 
the acknowledgment of the literary men thus assisted, who have 
been anxious to express their gratitude. I ought here to mention 
the name of an eminent man of letters, whose loss must be 
deeply deplored in all literary circles. I allude to Mr. 
Thackeray. I allude to him, not so much on account of his 
works, for they are standard works, but because he was an 

c 2 


active member of your committee, and always ready to open his 
purse for the relief of literary men struggling with difficulties. 

" Gentlemen, some of those here present do not perhaps know 
that in France, since 1857, an Institution similar to ours, and 
founded by M. Thenard, has been in existence for the benefit of 
scientific men only, and that a few days ago M. Champfleury, a 
distinguished writer, proposed to form a Literary Society 
adopting some of our principles. It is to be hoped that some 
day these two societies may form sister Literary Funds ; and if 
administered on our model, I think we may augur for the new 
institution a large measure of success. We shall at all times be 
most happy to enter into communication with it, and show it 
the result of our long experience and of the unwearied zeal and 
exertion of the Officers of this Corporation. 

" I will not detain you much longer, gentlemen, but I cannot 
sit down without bringing back to your recollection the deep 
interest which my dear and lamented father took in everything 
connected with literature and science, and particularly in the 
labours of this Society. Nobody has forgotten that the second 
time he spoke in public in this country, was as chairman of the 
Literary Fund dinner. And we all, I am convinced, deeply 
regret that the speeches made on that occasion were not reported 
at full length, as every word falling from those lips could not fail 
to command universal admiration. Gentlemen, let us drink 
' Prosperity to the Eoyal Literary Fund.' " 

The list of subscriptions and donations having been read, 
including a donation of 110 from the Prince of Wales, Earl 
Stanhope, as President of the Institution, responded. Speeches 
being delivered by Earl Eussell, Mr. Anthony Trollope, Lord 
Houghton, and H. E. M. Van de Weyer, Earl Stanhope proposed 
the health of the Chairman, which was received with much 
enthusiasm, and the Prince thus replied : 

"Your Eoyal Highness, my Lords and Gentlemen, I thank 
you most sincerely for the kind and cordial manner in which 
you have drunk my health, and I feel proud to have occupied 
the chair for the first time, on so interesting and important an 
occasion. I must now take the opportunity to congratulate 
this Corporation on the great advantage which it enjoys, in the 
services of the distinguished nobleman who now fills the high 


office of your President, and who has contributed so much to 
historical literature. T can give him no higher praise, than by 
saying that he is a worthy successor of a nobleman who was for 
more than twenty years your president ; who throughout a long 
political career never made an enemy, and who always found time 
to assist in the advancement of literature and art. I allude to 
the late Marquess of Lansdowne. Gentlemen, allow me to 
propose one more toast. In the presence of a Society, ac- 
customed to cultivate with such signal success the flowers of 
literature, it would be unpardonable to forget the flowers of 
society. I propose the health of ' The Ladies,' who, by their 
numerous attendance here this evening, evince the interest 
they take in the Literary Fund." 

The toast was received with the usual honours. It should have 
been mentioned that nearly 400 ladies were present, but in the 
galleries, not at the tables as guests, as is the better custom at some 

May 9th, 1865. 

THE city of Dublin has seldom presented a scene of more general 
joy than when the Prince of Wales opened the International 
Exhibition, on the 9th of May, 1865. The weather was superb, 
the loyal demonstrations in the streets were enthusiastic, and 
the great Hall where the opening ceremony took place, deco- 
rated with the flag of all nations, was densely crowded with 
the most distinguished assembly that Ireland could bring to 
welcome the heir of the throne, and the representative of the 
Queen. There were no disloyal feelings nor discordant sounds in 
the Palace that day. The Duke of Leinster, the Earl of Eosse, 
and the highest and most distinguished of the nobles of Ireland 
were there. The Lord Mayor and Corporation of the City 
appeared in their civic robes. The Mayors of Cork and Waterford 
and Londonderry walked together ; and the Lord Mayors of 
London and York, and the Lord Provost of Edinburgh, with many 
official personages, joined in the procession. When His Royal 
Highness took his place in the chair of State, the orchestra, 1000 
strong, performed the National Anthem, and 10,000 voices sent up 
their loyal cheers at its conclusion. 


The Duke of Leinster read the address of the Committee, to 
which the Prince replied : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, I thank you for your address. 
It is a source of sincere pleasure to me to discharge the duties 
confided to me by Her Majesty the Queen in thus inaugurating 
your Exhibition. It is not less in accordance with my own 
feelings than with those of Her Majesty to assist in every 
measure calculated for the happiness and welfare of the Irish 
people. The example of my lamented and beloved parent 
will, I trust, ever be present to my mind as a stimulus in the 
encouragement of every work tending: to advance international 
prosperity, and to develope the powers and resources of our own 
country. The cultivation of the fine arts, in itself so powerful 
an auxiliary in the civilization and refinement of the human 
race, has been an important object in these Exhibitions, and 
seems already to have produced most satisfactory results. 
Believe me very sensible of your kind wishes on behalf of the 
Princess of Wales. Her regret at being unable to accompany 
me equals my own, and you may rely upon her anxiety to come 
among you, assured of the welcome she will receive." 

Then from the grand organ and choir rose the ever impressive 
music of the Hundredth Psalm, the most Catholic of all strains of 
praise and thanksgiving. At its close there was another address, 
giving an account of the origin and history of the Exhibition. A 
copy of the Catalogue, and the key of the building, having been 
presented to the Prince, the organ and orchestra pealed forth 
Handel's Coronation Anthem. Then came another address, pre- 
sented by the Lord Mayor and the Corporation of Dublin, in their 
civic robes. This was read and handed to His Koyal Highness, 
who thus replied : 

" My Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Burgesses of the City of 
Dublin, I return you my hearty thanks for the kind welcome 
you have given me, and for your loyal expressions towards Her 
Majesty the Queen. I regret that circumstances should prevent 
the extension of my visit to a longer period. It would have 
been very gratifying to the Princess had she been able to 
accompany me, and I request that you be assured that we look 
forward to another occasion when she will have the opportunity 
of appreciating the hearty welcome which my own experience 
leads me to anticipate for her. You justly ascribe to me a 


peculiar interest in this day's ceremony. As the son of that 
revered and lamented parent to whose wisdom, energy, and 
influence you truly state exhibitions such as these owe their 
origin, I may well feel proud in being able to assist in the 
inauguration of the one we are about to open. May your 
prayers be granted that it will be the means of producing the 
usual result attending well-directed labour, and conduce to the 
prosperity of Ireland and to the happiness of her people." 

Then followed more music, from Haydn's Creation, and the 
State procession moved from the centre of the nave, and made a 
tour of the Exhibition. The Committee had arranged that music 
should form a notable feature of the ceremonies, for when the 
Prince returned to the dai's, the orchestra gave with grand effect 
Mendelssohn's ' Hymn of Praise.' At its conclusion the Prince 
rose and commanded Sir Bernard Burke, Ulster King-at-Arms, to 
declare the Exhibition open. This was done amidst a flourish of 
trumpets, and on a rocket being sent up as a signal, salvos 
of artillery were fired from the forts and batteries, and from the 
ships of war off Kingstown. 

Such was the opening ceremony. In the evening the Lord 
Mayor gave a ball at the Mansion House. The city was bril- 
liantly illuminated. Next day there was a review in the Phoenix 
Park, the number of spectators on the ground being greater than 
on any occasion since the visit of the Queen in 1849. The Prince 
of Wales, who wore the uniform of the 10th Hussars, of which 
regiment he is Colonel, was received with the utmost enthusiasm. 

This was the first State visit of the Prince of Wales to Ireland. 
His second visit, along with the Princess of Wales, was a time of 
even greater brilliancy, and evoked equal enthusiasm of loyalty. 
If later visits were marked with less unanimity of rejoicing, the 
causes of the apparent disloyalty are well understood, and the 
disaffection is known to be partial and temporary. Nothing has 
ever occurred to lessen the personal popularity of the Prince of 
Wales, nor to give reasonable cause for the reception of any of the 
Eoyal Family being less cordial and enthusiastic than that of 
the Prince in 1865. The Exhibition of that year was held under 
the patronage of the Queen, who wished every success to the 
" patriotic undertaking," as she called it. They can be no true 
patriots who seek to lessen the Queen's interest in the welfare 
of Ireland. 



May IQth, 1865. 

AFTER the great national and international Exhibitions, in which 
were seen the most advanced displays of art, fostered by wealth, 
skill, and training, it is pleasant to look back upon other exhi- 
bitions, of a humbler but not less useful kind, which were 
encouraged and patronized by the Prince of Wales. One of the 
most memorable of these, the pattern and parent of many local 
exhibitions of similar kind, was the Reformatory Exhibition held 
in the Agricultural Hall, Islington, in 1865. It was to exhibit 
the productions of various schools connected with the Reformatory 
and Refuge Union. The articles were the veritable manufacture 
of poor boys and girls of the lowest classes, many of them utterly 
destitute and hopeless as to any usefulness in life, until rescued 
and taught various industries, by the efforts of Christian and 
philanthropic men. 

The good and venerated Lord Shaftesbury was the President of 
the Union, of which the Prince of Wales had gladly allowed 
himself to be named Patron. In an address read by Lord Shaftes- 
bury, it was stated that the objects exhibited were contributed by 
workers in above two hundred separate institutions in London and 
other great towns. An invitation had been sent out for contribu- 
tions from foreign schools of the same class, and this was responded 
to by articles being sent from almost every part of Europe, and 
some from Africa and America. Hence the title of international 
could be fairly given to the show. The representatives of several 
foreign governments were present on the occasion. The opening 
of the meeting by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the sacred 
choral music performed by about one thousand children from the 
Reformatory and Kefuge Schools, showed that moral and religious 
training was associated with the industrial work of the Union. 

To the address of Lord Shaftesbury, the Prince replied as 
follows : 

"Your Grace, your Excellencies, my Lords, Ladies and 
Gentlemen, I have gladly taken a part in the proceedings of 
this day, and complied with your request that I should attend, 
as patron of this society, with the greatest satisfaction. The 
benevolent purpose of this Exhibition cannot fail to be followed 
by deserved success, and claims the co-operation of every one 
who has the interests of the industrious poor at heart, and who 
desires to forward the object which the Eeformatory and Eefuge 


Union has in view namely, industrial and moral training. 
The Committee do me justice in believing that I cordially sym- 
pathize in the welcome this society offers to those representatives 
of foreign countries who have responded to the invitation they 
have received by their presence and contributions. In doing so 
they have borne testimony, in common with ourselves, to the 
value of these international exhibitions in promoting the growth 
of those Christian and kind feelings towards each other which 
we ought to pray should animate the whole of the nations of 
the world." 

This reply, read in a clear, sonorous voice, was heard in every 
part of the building, and at its conclusion the cheers were loud 
and prolonged. Prayers were then offered up by the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, after which, and the singing of a hymn composed 
by the late Prince Consort, His Royal Highness declared the 
Exhibition opened. 

The Prince then spent considerable time in examining various 
parts of the Exhibition, and delighted many youthful manufacturers 
by the very numerous purchases of every description, from the 
girls' as well as the boys' stalls, such, as lace and crochet work to 
take to the Princess of Wales. The heartiness with which the 
Prince entered into the spirit of the occasion charmed all who 
were present. 

On an earlier day of the same year, on the 1st of March, the 
Prince had visited an Exhibition got up by the South London 
Working Classes. No formal address or speech marked this visit, 
but the interest taken by the Prince, and his liberal purchases, of 
which all the neighbourhood soon heard and spoke, secured the 
success of the Exhibition. One exhibitor wished the Prince to 
accept a toy cart, which had attracted his notice, but the Prince 
good-humouredly declined such irregularity, however kindly in- 
tended, and insisted on paying lor this as for all the purchases 
during the visit. 

May 22nd, 1865. 

THE objects and the advantages of Sailors' Homes are now so 
universally known, that few words are needed for introducing a 
brief report of the visit of the Prince of Wales to the Home at the 
London Docks, on May 22nd, 1865. This institution has now for 
above fifty years afforded protection, comfort, and instruction to 


all classes of the mercantile marine service. With increase of the 
trade and shipping of London, new accommodation was required ; 
and in 1863 the foundation stone of a new wing to the Sailors' 
Home was laid by Lord Palmerston. 

It was to open this completed building that the Prince of Wales 
made his visit to the east of London. The event was regarded as 
a great honour by the crowded and busy population of that quarter, 
and a general holiday was held on the occasion. Many dis- 
tinguished persons, including some of the Foreign Ministers, were 
present. Foreign seamen in the British mercantile service are 
admitted to benefits of the Home. An address having been read 
by Admiral Sir William Bowles, President of the Institution, the 
Prince replied : 

" Sir William Bowles, your Excellencies, my Lords, and 
Gentlemen, It is very gratifying to me to comply with the 
invitation I have received to take a part in this day's proceedings 
and to preside at the opening of the new wing of this institution. 
The beneficial results attending the establishment of a Sailors' 
Home for our immense mercantile navy are shown by the state- 
ments and figures which you have now given, and which 
establish in the most satisfactory manner the necessity of adding 
to the original building. The interest taken by my lamented 
father in the religious welfare of this institution, evinced by his 
laying the foundation stone of the Seamen's Church adjoining, 
will not, I trust, be less in his son, who is well aware of the 
sentiments of loyalty and devotion to the Throne which dis- 
tinguish the mercantile navy of Great Britain." 

June oth, 1865. 

How much the Prince of Wales has, from early life, favoured 
dramatic art, and encouraged its professors, is universally known. 
While enjoying the drama for his own recreation, amidst more 
arduous labours, he has been always ready to support any well- 
devised and well-directed scheme for the benefit of the dramatic 
profession. It was with this feeling that he accepted the invitation 
to inaugurate and formally open the Eoyal Dramatic College at 

There was a great gathering on the occasion, and the hall was 
well filled, principally by ladies, before the proceedings commenced. 


Mr. Webster, the Master of the College, having presented the 
Prince with a massive gold key, symbolical of the ceremony, and 
having read an address describing the objects of the Institution, 
His Royal Highness replied as follows : 

" Gentlemen, It is truly gratifying to my feelings to find 
myself this day called on to take a part in the final completion 
of a building the foundation of which was the work of my 
lamented father, as it was also an object which he had much at 
heart. My satisfaction is increased by finding his beneficent 
plan carried out in a manner worthy of the cause and of the 
profession for the benefit of which the Dramatic College has 
been instituted, and that, as the inevitable hour approaches, he 
who has so often administered to your amusement, blended with 
instruction, will here find a retreat open for age and its infirmi- 
ties, in grateful recognition of a debt due by the world at large. 
I am happy to learn that the funds are progressively increasing 
towards conferring the inestimable boon of education on the 
children of men who, whether by their performances or by their 
writings, have themselves laboured so well in the cause of 
literature, and so justly earned this provision for their offspring. 
The inauguration of the building we are now in completes the 
three purposes which you have enumerated as forming the 
original design of this institution. After having provided for 
the material wants and comforts of those who are entitled to 
seek a shelter in this asylum, the last object is to cheer their 
evening of life, and to embellish its closing scenes with the 
books, memorials, and records of their art, that they may again 
live in the past, and make their final exit in a spirit of thank- 
fulness to God and their fellow-creatures." 

June llth, 1865. 

ON the llth of June, 1865, a banquet was given to the Prince of 
Wales by the Fishmongers' Company in their hall at _ London 
Bridge. Two years before, in 1863, the name of the Prince was 
added to the roll of the Company, so that on this occasion he 
appeared as a member as well as a guest. Allusion was made to 


this by the Prime Warden, James Spicer, who, as Chairman, pro- 
posed the health of the Prince and Princess of Wales, and the rest 
of the Royal Family. Reference was also made to the recent birth 
of another infant Prince, so that there was prospect of two Royal 
members, who would in due time have the right of inscribing their 
names on their freemen's roll. Some of the Prime Warden's words 
are worth reproducing, as showing at how early an age the Prince 
had exhibited the traits of character, and the line of action, by 
which he has now so long been distinguished. The Prime Warden 
said that " he was not using the language of flattery, but simply 
recording a fact with which the people of these realms, from one 
end of .the kingdom to the other, were conversant, when he said 
that the esteem and the affection with which His Royal Highness 
was regarded by Her Majesty's subjects were owing no less to his 
amiable manners, his kindly disposition, and the condescension 
Avhich he invariably displayed in his intercourse with all the 
classes of the community, than to the exalted position which he 
occupied, and the relation in which he stood as heir apparent to the 
British Throne. There was another circumstance which had 
endeared him to the people of England, and that was that he had 
followed so closely in the footsteps of his ever-to-be-lamented and 
illustrious father, by lending his high sanction to the promotion of 
those industrial exhibitions that tended so much to elevate and 
improve the tastes and habits of the people." 

The Prince of Wales, in acknowledging the toast, said : 

" Mr. Prime Warden, your Eoyal Highness, my Lords, Ladies, 
and Gentlemen, I thank you very much for the kind manner 
in which my name and that of the Princess of Wales, and the 
other members of the Eoyal family, have been proposed and 
received. I need hardly tell you that it is a source of sincere 
gratification to me to be present here this evening ; not only as 
a guest, but as a member a freeman of this corporation. I 
have not forgotten that soon after I came of age the first freedom 
of any of the ancient guilds of this city with which I was presented 
was that of the Fishmongers' Company in 1863. I am proud 
also to think that I have been thus enrolled as a member of a 
company into which so many of my relations have been admitted, 
whose portraits adorn these walls. Although this is a joyous 
occasion, I cannot forbear alluding to the loss of one whose name 
is intimately connected with the city of London, Mr. Cubitt, who 
was twice elected Lord Mayor of London, and who was your 
Prime Warden three years ago when I took up my freedom in 
this company. I need not recall to your memory how anxious 


he was to promote every kind of charity, and I feel sure you 
will not think it unbecoming in me or inopportune to mention 
his name on this occasion. In conclusion, I beg again to thank 
you for the kind manner in which you have alluded to a recent 
event, and the cordial wishes you have expressed for the speedy 
recovery of the Princess. I can assure you my heartfelt wish 
is that my two sons may learn to emulate and follow the bright 
example of their revered grandfather." 

July 3rd, 1865. 

ON the 3rd of July 1865, the ceremony of distributing prizes at 
Wellington College was performed by the Prince of Wales, in 
presence of a distinguished company. The Governors of the 
College were in attendance, the Bishop of Oxford, the Earl of 
Derby, Earl Stanhope, Lord Eversley, Lord Chelmsford, Mr. 
Walter, M.P., and Mr. Cox. At the luncheon, which followed the 
proceedings in the large hall of the College, the head master, Mr. 
Benson (now Archbishop of Canterbury), having proposed the 
toast of the Prince of Wales, thanking him for his presence that 
day, and for the kind favour and interest with which he had 
uniformly regarded the institution, the Prince replied : 

"My Lords and Gentlemen, I am deeply sensible of the 
manner in which Mr. Benson has proposed my health, and in 
which it has been received by the company assembled here to-day. 
1 need hardly assure you that it is a source of sincere gratification 
to me to find myself once more within the walls of Wellington 
College, taking part in the proceedings of ' Speech Day,' and 
distributing prizes to the successful competitors. Allow me, 
Mr. Benson, to congratulate you, and through you the whole 
college, on the highly efficient state in which I find it. I feel 
convinced that my young friends have not forgotten that it 
bears the name of one of the greatest soldiers England ever 
knew. In the success of this institution Mr. Benson has already 
mentioned, and I need hardly remind you, that the Queen takes 
a strong interest ; a still greater interest was taken by my father, 
to whose exertions the college really owes its origin. I have 


now, my lords and gentlemen, a very pleasing task to perform, 
and that is to make an announcement which I hope will not be 
considered indiscreet on my part. At the last meeting of the 
Governors of "Wellington College, Lord Derby intimated that it 
was his intention to devote the profits of his justly celebrated 
translation of ' Homer ' to the production of a prize to be given 
annually as a reward to the foundationer who within the year of 
his leaving the college should conduct himself to the entire 
approbation of the Head Master be considered, in fact, the 
most industrious and well-conducted boy or young man in the 
school. I feel certain that this announcement will be received 
with great pleasure. It will show you the interest which the 
noble lord takes in this institution, and will be a stimulus to 
increased exertion on the part of those within its walls. I 
thank you, Mr. Benson, for proposing, and you, my lords and 
gentlemen, for drinking, my health so cordially ; and I assure 
you it affords me great gratification whenever I can do anything 
to promote the welfare of Wellington College." 

The report of the proceedings states that this speech was 
" delivered with a heartiness which elicited corresponding enthu- 
siasm in the audience." The other speakers were Sir John 
Pakington, who said he had the most gratifying proof of the 
efficiency of the College in the progress made by his son as one of 
the pupils ; and Lord Derby, who said that no worthier and 
suitable memorial of " the Great Duke " could have been erected 
in his honour than this institution, which was not merely a 
military school, but a college for training young Englishmen for 
the Universities, and for every department of public life, although, 
all the foundationers are sons of deceased officers. Lord Derby 
also referred to the prize instituted by him, such rewards being 
usually given only to ability and successful study, while his object 
was to hold forth a stimulus to general study, and persevering good 
conduct. He would not have referred to the gift which it was 
his happiness to make, had not the matter been mentioned by His 
Boyal Highness the Prince of Wales. 

The Prince was again at Wellington College on the 17th. of 
June, 1867, and he has ever since taken personal interest in the 
institution, as one of its Governors. 

( 31 ) 

May QtTi, 1866. 

THE President and Council of the Institution of Civil Engineers 
had the honour of entertaining the Prince of Wales, Prince Alfred, 
as he was then styled, and a very distinguished company, at dinner, 
in Willis's Eooms, on the 9th of May, 1866. Among the guests 
were the veteran Sir John Burgoyne, the Dukes of Sutherland and 
Buccleuch, Earl Grey, Lord Salisbury, Sir John Pakington, Sir 
Edwin Landseer, Professor (Sir Eichard) Owen, Baron Marochetti, 
the Presidents of the Royal Society and of the Eoyal Institute of 
British Architects, and representatives of various departments in 
the public service. The members and associates of the Institution, 
numbering nearly two hundred, included all the civil engineers 
most eminent at that time, or who have since risen to distinction. 
Some of the names recall notable events and achievements in 
our time, sometimes called " the age of the engineers." Rennie, 
Armstrong, Bidder, Hawkshaw, Scott Russell, Hawksley, Cubitt, 
Penn, Fairbairn, Brunlees, Brassey, Samuda, Bramwell, Bessemer, 
Maudsley, Rawlinson, Vignoles, are on the list of those present on 
this memorable occasion. Mr. Fowler, President of the Institution, 
presided at the dinner, and in proposing the loyal toasts which 
are given at all such meetings, said of the Prince of Wales, 
that, "notwithstanding the numerous duties of his exalted 
station, His Royal Highness has always taken the greatest 
interest in those works which occupy the thoughts and lives of 
engineers, and therefore it is a source of peculiar gratification to 
the profession that His Royal Highness has been pleased to join the 
Institution of Civil Engineers, which had the honour to rank as its 
most distinguished honorary member His Royal Highness the 
Prince Consort." 

The Prince of Wales in returning thanks, said : 

" Mr. President, your Eoyal Highness, my Lords and Gentle- 
men, I have indeed every reason to feel deeply flattered and 
gratifibd at the very kind manner in which you, Mr. President, 
have proposed this toast, and for the way in which it has been 
received by the company present. Under any circumstances, it 
would have afforded me sincere pleasure to have been present 
this evening present at a meeting of so distinguished a body 
as the Civil Engineers of Great Britain ; but it is still more 
agreeable to me to find myself here in the position of one of 
your honorary members. I thank you for the manner in which 


you have mentioned my name regarding me as one of yourselves. 
I feel proud to think that my lamented father was also an 
honorary member of this distinguished Institution. Mr. Presi- 
dent and Gentlemen, perhaps it is a difficult task for me to 
address so eminently scientific a body, more especially to eulogize 
them ; but I cannot forbear adverting to the names of two most 
distinguished members of it I allude to Mr. Brunei and Mr. 
Stephenson, whose names will never be obliterated from our 
memory. The important services they have rendered to this 
country can never be forgotten. Let us look round at the vast 
works which have been completed, or which are in the course of 
completion in this country. Though it may, perhaps, seem 
unnecessary, I think it is right I should on this occasion ask 
you to look for a moment at the vast extension of our docks all 
over this country at the great improvements in the electric 
telegraph, and also in our steamships, and, in fact, in the general 
steam navigation on our waters. Let us look at what has been 
done at home and when I say at home, I mean in this Metro- 
polis. No one can walk over Westminster-bridge without being 
struck by those magnificent quays which are being built on either 
side of the river, and are commonly called the Thames Embank- 
ment. These constitute the most important works of the day. I 
must also refer to the Metropolitan Underground Eailway, which 
is owing to the continued exertions of your distinguished Presi- 
dent, and which, although not entirely completed, has been in 
use for nearly three years, and has, I believe, to a considerable 
extent diminished the traffic in our streets. Let us look also 
at our colonies, and see the many important works which our en- 
gineers have contrived there. I would allude more especially to 
one the celebrated bridge built over the St. Lawrence, called the 
Victoria-bridge, which is close to Montreal, and which was con- 
structed by one of your most renowned engineers, Mr. Stephenson. 
I had the honour of inaugurating that bridge in the name of 
Her Majesty the Queen. I have to be thankful to you all in 
many ways; but I have to be particularly thankful to Mr. 
Stephenson for having built such a bridge, because, perhaps, I 
should never have had an opportunity of visiting our North 
American colonies and a portion of the United States if I had 
not received an invitation to inaugurate that great work. Let 


me thank you once more, Mr. President, for the honour done 
me, and for the kind way in which the name of the Princess of 
Wales has been received. And let me assure you that it affords 
me the deepest gratification to have the honour of being present 
this evening as one of your members." 

The Chairman then gave the toast of " the Army, Navy, and 
Volunteers," coupling with it the names of Prince Alfred, Sir 
John Burgoyne, and Colonel Erskine. The speech of Prince 
Alfred, in reply, is worth recalling, as one of the earliest occasions 
on which he represented the profession in which he now holds so 
high a position : 

*' Mr. President, your Eoyal Highness, my Lords, and Gentlemen, 
I need scarcely tell you with what pleasure I rise to respond to 
this toast, nor how proud I feel to hear my name associated with the 
Eoyal navy. Within the last few years the navy has become more 
connected with the civil engineers than ever it was before. Many 
improvements we owe in fact, I may say all the later improve- 
ments we owe to the civil engineers. There is only one thing 
they have not succeeded in doing, and that is making us look 
more beautiful than we did before. Indeed, I am afraid they have 
rather caused us to deteriorate in appearance. I need not add that 
I take, and shall continue to take, the greatest interest in this 
body ; the more so from the fact of my father having been an 
honorary member of the institution, and from my brother having 
now for the first time taken his place in the same character." 

June llth, 1866. 

THE foundation-stone of the stately edifice in Queen Victoria 
Street, the head-quarters of the British and Foreign Bible Society, 
was laid by the Prince of Wales, on the llth of June, 1866. On 
the ground near St. Andrew's Hill, Doctors' Commons, a spacious 
awning stretched over an area with ranges of seats for above 2000 
persons. On the platform were many good and eminent men, 
most of whom Lord Shaftesbury, Lord Teignmouth, the Arch- 
bishop of York, the Bishops of Winchester and Carlisle, the Dean 
of Westminster, Dr. Binney are with us no more. 

The proceedings commenced with prayer, praise, and reading 
some portions of Scripture appropriate to the occasion. An 
address was then read by the Rev. S. B. Bergne, one of the 



Secretaries, giving a summary of the history of the Society, and 
stating its objects and operations. 

The Earl of Shaftesbury then formally requested His Eoyal 
Highness "to undertake the solemn duty of laying the foundation 
stone of an edifice which shall be raised for the glory of God, and 
for the promotion of the best interests of the human race." The 
Prince duly and formally laid the stone, and then replied to the 
address that had been read : 

" My Lord Archbishop, my Lords and Gentlemen, I have to 
thank you for the very interesting address in which you so ably 
set forth the objects of this noble Institution. 

" It is now sixty-three years ago since Mr. Wilberforce, the 
father of the eminent prelate who now occupies so prominent a 
place in the Church of England, met, with a few friends, by 
candlelight, in a small room in a dingy counting-house, and 
resolved upon the establishment of the Bible Society. 

" Contrast with this obscure beginning the scene of this day, 
which, not only in England and in our colonies, but in the 
United States of America, and in every nation in Europe, will 
awaken the keenest interest. 

"Such a reward of perseverance is always a gratifying 
spectacle ; much more so when the work which it commemorates 
is one in which all Christians can take part, and when the 
object is that of enabling every man in his own tongue to read 
the wonderful works of God. 

"I have an hereditary claim to be here upon this occasion. 
My grandfather, the Duke of Kent, as you have reminded me, 
warmly advocated the claims of this Society ; and it is gratifying 
to me to reflect that the two modern versions of the Scriptures 
most widely circulated the German and English were both, 
in their origin, connected with my family. The translation of 
Martin Luther was executed under the protection of the Elector 
of Saxony, the collateral ancestor of my lamented father; whilst 
that of William Tyndale, the foundation of the present authorized 
English version, was introduced with the sanction of the Eoyal 
predecessor of my mother the Queen, who first desired that the 
Bible ' should have free course through all Christendom, but 
especially in his own realm.' 

" It is my hope and trust, that, under the Divine guid ance, 
the wider diffusion and the deeper study of the Scriptures 


will, in this as in every age, be at once the surest guarantee 
of the progress and liberty of mankind, and the means of 
multiplying in the purest form the consolations of our holy 

The Archbishop of York then invoked the Divine Blessing on 
the work. The Bishop of Winchester, as one of the oldest living 
members of the Society, expressed the grateful acknowledgments 
of the Committee to the Prince, for his presence among them, and 
for the act performed at their, request. Two verses of the National 
Anthem having been, sung, and the benediction pronounced, the 
meeting dispersed. 

The Lord Mayor, with true civic hospitality, invited the Prince 
of Wales, the officers of the Society, and all who had taken any 
part in the ceremony to luncheon at the Mansion House. On 
the health of the Prince and the Princess of Wales being pro- 
posed, the Prince acknowledged the compliment in the following 
words : 

" I am, indeed, deeply touched and gratified by the toast 
which has just been proposed by the Lord Mayor, and by the 
very kind and feeling manner in which you have drunk to the 
health of the Princess and myself. It is to me a source of 
sincere gratification to receive again the hospitality of the Chief 
Magistrate of the City. I can never forget, nor can the Princess, 
ever forget, the manner in which she was received on her first, 
entry into London ; and although she is not here to-day a fact , 
which I most deeply regret I can bear testimony that she has 
never forgotten, and never will forget, the reception given to her 
three years ago. The occasion which has brought me here to-day 
has given me sincere gratification. I shall be happy on all 
occasions to do any thing that may tend, as the Lord Bishop of 
Winchester said this morning, ' to alleviate the sufferings of 
man.' But I feel sure that the work I have been enabled to 
perform, small as it may be, will bear testimony to the great 
good done to the poorer classes by a Society which has existed 
for so many years. Sincerely I thank you for the opportunity 
you have given me in coming forward on this interesting occasion, 
and I shall always be happy to render every assistance in my 
power to an institution which is calculated to render such 
important benefits to the world. I return my best thanks for 
the greeting I received this morning at the ceremony, and also- 

D 2 


for the kind manner in which I have been received on this 

Her Majesty the Queen signified her interest in the proceedings 
of the day by sending 100 to the Building Fund, and 100 was 
also contributed by the Prince of Wales. 

The Bible Society has, since its establishment in 1804, issued 
about 113 millions of Bibles, Testaments, or portions thereof. Its 
issues yearly are now about four million copies. The full income 
in 1887 amounted to 116,761 ; and the sum received for Scriptures 
sold was 104,880. The Society has aided the translation of the 
Bible into 280 languages or dialects. 


June I3th, 1866. 

THE sixteenth anniversary festival of this institution was celebrated 
at Willis's Eooms on the 13th of June, 1866. Among the guests 
were the Archbishops of Canterbury, York, and Armagh, and 
numerous dignitaries in Church and State, the Marquis of Salisbury 
presiding. The Prince of Wales honoured the company with his 
presence, and on his health being proposed by the chairman, he 
said : 

" My Lord Chairman, my Lords and Gentlemen, I feel, 
indeed, deeply flattered and gratified by the kind terms in which 
you have spoken of me, and by the kind manner in which my 
health has been received by the company, and I have earnestly 
to thank you in my own name and in the name of the Princess 
of Wales and of the other members of the Eoyal family. 
Among the many charities in this country, I believe there are 
few which demand our sympathy and support more than the 
Friend of the Clergy Corporation. Its object is to assist the 
orphans and unmarried daughters of clergymen of the Church 
of England, and to afford temporary aid to their necessitous 
parents. We have met here this evening to advocate the cause 
of the institution, and I believe that at the present moment the 
pensions which it distributes amount to the large sum of 
4000 per annum, and that it helps to maintain 106 pensioners, 
while there are 60 more persons applying for its bounty. One 
remarkable characteristic of the institution is that its pensions, 


which never exceed 40 a year, are granted for life, and another 
is that these pensions are bestowed on members of the Church 
not only in England, but also in Ireland and the colonies. 
Young though I am, I think I may state that I am aware from 
niy own personal knowledge how low are the stipends received 
by many of our clergymen, and I can, therefore, support most 
cordially this institution. I feel, however, some diffidence in 
alluding to that subject, because I know I shall thereby be 
trenching on the special province of our noble chairman. But 
I believe he will forgive me for saying that I think we ought 
upon this occasion to show the greatest possible liberality, and, 
if I may use the expression, that we ought freely to open our 
purses. I can again assure you that the Princess of Wales and 
the other members of the Royal family are most ready to partici- 
pate with me in the feeling of sincere gratitude with which I 
now acknowledge the compliment you have just paid us. I now 
thank you, too, for the kind manner in which you have just 
listened to me, however imperfectly I have expressed myself." 

In giving the toast of " Prosperity to the Institution," the noble 
chairman said, that after the speech which they had just heard in 
its favour from His Eoyal Highness it was scarcely necessary for 
him to say another word. He could fully confirm everything 
which had been said by His Royal Highness as to its value, and 
the urgent need of such an institution was proved by the fact that 
there were in this kingdom no less than 10,000 clergymen who 
occupied benefices of less value than 150 a year. How was it 
possible for men with such incomes, who had to move in a respect- 
able sphere of life, to lay by anything for a period of distress or to 
make a provision for their widows and orphans? He therefore 
cordially concurred in the eloquent appeal made to them by His 
Eoyal Highness. 

The result of the appeal was a subscription list amounting to 
1200, including 100 guineas from the Prince of Wales. 

It may be added that now (1888) there are about 100 pensioners, 
besides special grants for urgent cases. Last year's receipts were 
6,000, and the invested funds are about 18,500. 


June 18^, 1866. 

ONE of the earliest public functions undertaken by the Prince 
(July, 1863) was laying the foundation stone of the School, near 
Croydon, for children of warehousemen, clerks, and agents of 
wholesale houses and manufactories, so employed in any part of 
the United Kingdom. The building was not completed till the 
spring of 1866, and on the 18th of June of that year, the Prince, 
on being applied to, at once and cordially agreed to preside at the 
inauguration or formal opening of the Asylum. 

The Prince was received by Earl Russell, President of the 
Charity, the Bishop of Winchester, the Lord Mayor of London, the 
High Sheriff of Surrey, and other official and distinguished persons 
interested in the Institution. Having thoroughly inspected the 
building, the arrangements of which are admirable, and having 
heard an address explaining the origin and purposes of the Insti- 
tution, briefly replied as follows : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, It is a sincere pleasure to me 
to see the work which we commenced in July, 1863, brought to 
a happy conclusion. Such a consummation, when we reflect on 
the numerous classes of the great commercial community of our 
country whose interests it promotes, cannot but be gratifying to 
every one present, and will induce us all gratefully to invoke 
the Divine blessing on the ultimate success of this undertaking. 
The attention that has been paid to the details of the building 
and to the comforts and wellbeing of the children it is destined 
to shelter, I may say, without presumption, merits this success. 
And if, as you have stated, ' that which is worth doing at all is 
worth doing well,' be a truth requiring any corroboration, I 
have only to point to this structure for the most unanswerable 
argument in its support. It only remains for me to thank you, 
my lords and gentlemen, for the kind expressions you have 
used with reference to the part I have taken in this day's 

Prayer was then offered by the Bishop of Winchester, and a 
thanksgiving hymn sung. The ladies present then came forward 
with their collection purses, and amusement was caused by the 
hugeness of the heap of offerings that rose before the Prince, 
exceeding even the large sum presented when the foundation 


stone was laid. On this occasion upwards cf one thousand ladies 
presented the charitable gifts, and above 5000 in money or 
subscriptions proved to be the gratifying result. Prayer and 
thanksgiving were again offered, and the Prince, amid much 
enthusiasm, declared the Asylum open. 

The schools, first established in 1853, had been formerly con- 
ducted in three separate houses at New Cross, under many dis- 
advantages. The building inaugurated by the Prince of Wales is 
one of the most commodious and beautiful structures possessed by 
any charity. Its imposing appearance and picturesque site must 
have been admired by many travellers on the Brighton and South 
Coast Eailway, near Caterham Junction. The prosperity of the 
Institution has been in keeping with its auspicious beginning. 

June 28tJi, 1866. 

THE object of the Merchant Seamen's Orphan Asylum is sufficiently 
indicated by its name. Founded in 1817, the institution had for 
nearly fifty years been carried on with success. Upwards of 800 
children had found shelter and training, but this number represents 
a very small proportion of the orphans left destitute through the 
calamities of which merchant seamen are constantly in peril. This 
asylum was at first located in the parish of St. George's-in-the- 
East, and subsequently removed to the Borough Road, where the 
first stone of a new building was, in 1861, laid by the Prince 
Consort. The building was opened by Earl Eussell in 1862. The 
support given to the charity encouraged the building of the present 
asylum, near Snaresbrook, in a healthy and beautiful part of the 

It was for the opening ceremony of the erection of anew dining- 
hall that the Prince and Princess of Wales visited the Asylum, on 
the 28th of June, 1866. Received by a guard of h&nour of the Hon. 
Artillery Company, their Royal Highnesses were conducted to a 
tent where luncheon was served. In proposing the health of the 
Royal visitors, Lord Alfred Paget, who presided, said that "he 
had known His Royal Highness almost, he might say, before he 
knew himself, and that he could bear testimony to the interest he 
took, not only in every manly English sport, but in everything 
which tended to contribute to the advancement of such institutions 
as that whose success he testified by his presence on that occasion 
his desire to promote." 

In returning thanks the Prince of Wales said : 


" I am, indeed, deeply sensible of and deeply grateful for the 
excessively kind manner in which the noble lord has proposed 
my health and that of the Princess of Wales, as well as for the 
very kind manner in which you all have been good enough to 
receive the toast. My presence here to-day affords me the 
greatest satisfaction, because we have come to honour a work 
which to me is particularly interesting, inasmuch as the founda- 
tion stone of this asylum was laid by my lamented father in 
1861. But, under any circumstances, it would be a pleasing 
and a proud moment for me to be here on such an occasion as 
this. We must all know how important a part our mercantile 
navy plays at the present moment, and how important it is 
that we should provide for the orphans of those brave men who 
are exposed to so many dangers. As you are well aware, this 
institution has furnished an asylum since its opening in 1862 
for upwards of 180 boys and girls at a time, and it must, I am 
sure, be greatly gratifying to us that I should to-day be called 
upon to lay the foundation stone of an additional room, which I 
understand will embrace part of the plan of the original building. 
I beg again to thank you, on my own behalf and on that of the 
Princess, than whom, I assure you, nobody takes greater interest 
in the work which we are assembled to promote." 

Lord A. Paget next proposed the toast of " Prosperity to the 
Merchant Seamen's Orphan Asylum," which was responded to by 
Mr. Green, one of the directors. 

The Prince of Wales then rose and said : 

" I have to give you the health of our noble chairman, to whom, 
I think, we ought all to be very grateful for the kind manner in 
which he has undertaken to perform the duties of his position 
on this occasion, as well as for the interest which he manifests, 
not only in this great and important charity, but in the welfare 
of the sailor all over the world. I felt almost inclined to blush 
at the terms in which he alluded to his friendship for myself, 
and I can never forget the kindness which he has shown towards 
me since my early boyhood." 

The toast was very cordially drunk, and shortly after Lord A. 
Paget had briefly responded to it their Royal Highnesses paid 
a brief visit to the beautiful chapel, which has been endowed for 
the use of the asylum at the sole cost of Lady Morrison. An 


address was afterwards read, expressing the gratification which the 
friends of the institution derived from the presence of their Eoyal 
Highnesses, and their thankfulness for the interest thus mani- 
fested in its prosperity. In reply the Prince said : 

"My part in the proceedings of the day is attended with 
peculiar pleasure from the circumstance of its being the anniver- 
sary of the inauguration of this building by my lamented father. 
The call for its extension by the increased numbers applying for 
admission tells its own story. The steady support which the 
institution has continued to receive from its commencement en- 
courages us to persevere in the good work so auspiciously begun. 
The interest of the Queen in its welfare is, I can assure you, 
fully participated in by me, and it only remains for me now to 
invoke the Divine blessing on the benevolent objects which have 
led to this undertaking." 

The foundation stone was then laid with the usual formalities, 
and after a religious service, conducted by the Archbishop of 
Armagh, the Eoyal visitors left, amidst the cheers of the assemblage. 

August, 1866. 

.FROM the time of making his home at Sandringham, the Prince 
of Wales, like all English country gentlemen, has felt that his 
county had special claims on his public spirit and personal exer- 
tions. Norfolk has not been slow to understand these claims, and 
the Prince has more than met the expectations formed of him in 
regard to his county life. In the record of future years it will be 
seen how heartily he has associated himself, not with the agricul- 
ture only, but with the various occupations and industries, the 
works and the sports, the schools and the charities of Norfolk. 

One of the earliest public appearances of the Prince and Princess 
of Wales in the county chosen as their home, was at Norwich in 
the autumn of 1866. The time chosen by the Mayor and Corpo- 
ration for the invitation to visit their city was that of the Norwich 
musical festival of that year. Her Majesty the Queen of Denmark, 
and the Duke of Edinburgh, accompanied the Prince and Princess 
on this vLsit, which was in every way a most enjoyable and suc- 
cessful one. Among the attractions of the musical festival was 
the performance for the first time of Sir Michael Costa's oratorio 


Naaman, The Norwich concerts of 1866 were remarkable both in 
the richness of the programmes, and the rare excellence of the 
performances. Seldom has opportunity been afforded of hearing 
such variety of classic music, performed by the greatest vocal and 
instrumental artists of the time. 

The musical festival was not, however, the sole attraction. 
The capital of the Eastern Counties was in high festival, and 
other entertainments were provided. Advantage was also taken 
of the Prince's presence for the ceremony of opening the Drill- 
shed recently erected for the Norwich Volunteers. Colonel Black, 
the commander, in addressing the Prince, referred to the great 
interest always taken by him in the organization and efficiency of 
the volunteer force of the country, and they had therefore sought 
the honour of his inaugurating the building erected for military 
purposes, by the volunteers of the ancient and loyal city of Norwich. 
The Prince replied that he had the greatest pleasure in complying 
with the request ; and, having complimented the commander on 
the efficiency of his corps, and the suitability of the building for 
its purposes, he declared the hall open. The chaplain of the 
battalion then offered a brief prayer. The planting of memorial 
trees, and other incidents associated with the Royal visit, will long 
be remembered by the people of Norwich. 

March 1st, 1867. 

IN a maritime country like this, with seas crowded with shipping, 
and with coasts dangerous from rocks or shoals, a lifeboat service 
for preservation of life from shipwreck is a necessity. The Eoyal 
National Life-boat Institution meets the want. It has now, in 
1888, nearly 300 stations, all round the coast. The wreck chart, 
which is published annually with the Society's Report, shows at a 
glance where wrecks are most numerous, and there the boats of 
rescue are most required. It is not only British coasting vessels 
that are thus provided for, but the ships coming from foreign 
seas, and of all nations, as they crowd towards our estuaries and 
ports, benefit by the lifeboat service. 

On the 1st of March, 1867, the Prince of Wales took the chair 
at the annual meeting of the Institution held, through the courtesy 
of the Lord Mayor, in the Egyptian Hall of the Mansion House. 
Received in the State Drawing-Room, by the chief magistrate of 
London, attended by the sword and mace bearers of the Corpora- 
tion, the Prince was thence conducted to the Hall, where a 
numerous and distinguished company had assembled. On taking 
the chair, the Prince said : 


" My Lord Mayor, my Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, It 
affords me very great pleasure to occupy the chair to-day, upon 
so interesting an occasion as the present. Among the many 
benevolent and charitable institutions of this country there are, 
I think, few which demand our sympathy and support more, 
and in which we can feel more interest, than the National 
Life-boat Institution. An institution of this kind is an absolute 
necessity in a great maritime country like ours. It is wholly 
different in one respect from other institutions, because although 
lives are to be saved, they can in those cases in which this 
society operates only be saved at the risk of the loss of other 
lives. I am happy to be able to congratulate the Institution 
upon its high state of efficiency at the present moment, and 
upon the fact that by its means very nearly one thousand lives 
have been saved in the course of the past year. 

" Lifeboats have been given by many benevolent individuals 
some as thank-offerings from the friends of those whose lives 
have been saved, and others in memory of those who are 
unhappily no more. I am happy also to be able to say that 
lifeboats do not only exist upon our coast, but that our great 
example in this matter has been imitated by many foreign 
maritime countries, and they have chosen our institution as the 
model for their own. I beg upon this occasion to tender, in the 
name of the Institution, our warmest thanks for the kindness 
and courtesy of the Lord Mayor in allowing us to hold our 
meeting in this halL It is indeed a peculiarly fitting place in 
which to hold such a meeting, closely connected as the Institu- 
tion is with the City of London. Very nearly half a century 
ago the Institution originated in this city. In 1850 the late 
Duke of Northumberland became its president. My lamented 
father was also a vice-patron, and took the warmest interest in 
its prosperity. I am happy to say the respected secretary, 
Mr. Lewis, occupied that position at that time, as, indeed, he 
had long before that time. He has held it ever since, and 
much of the success of the Institution is owing to his long 
experience, and the energetic manner in which he has directed 
its working has raised the Institution to its present high state 
of efficiency. 

" I may say that there are 174 lifeboats afloat, and that in 


the course of the past year 33 have been called into existence, 
at a cost of no less than 17,000, the whole of which has been 
defrayed by benevolent individuals. Before concluding the 
brief remarks which I have addressed to you, however imper- 
fectly, upon this occasion, I call upon you once more to offer 
your support to so excellent an Institution. I am certain you 
must be convinced that it is one which is really a necessity for 
a great maritime nation like this. I congratulate you that it 
has arrived at so efficient a state, and I feel quite sure that you 
would be the last to wish it to decay from want of funds." 

The Secretary having read the Report, and various speeches 
having been delivered, donations were announced to the amount of 
1200. At the luncheon, which was afterwards given in the Long 
Parlour, the Prince hoped that the proceedings of that day would 
advance the prosperity of the Institution, the benefits of which 
had only to be more widely known, to be more largely supported. 

We may add that the receipts, as stated in last year's report 
(1887), were 56,970, and the expenditure 74,162. During the 
year 368 lives had been saved by the Society's boats, and ten 
vessels saved from destruction. Besides medals and other testi- 
monials, 3345 had been granted in rewards. Since the formation 
of the Society it has voted as rewards 97 gold and 996 silver 
medals or clasps, 139 binocular glasses, 15 telescopes, and money 
to the amount of 96,700. These statistics are furnished by the 
present secretary, Mr. Charles Dibdin, a descendant of the Dibdin 
whose naval songs are known to all sailors. British seamen are 
always ready to risk their lives to save their fellow men, and 
there is never any difficulty found in manning the lifeboats, but 
it is necessary to have a permanent staff, and to keep up the 
stations, while those who volunteer to imperil their own lives 
ought to have reward, in order to help to provide for others 
dependent on them. The Prince again presided at the Annual 
Meeting in 1884. 

March 1st, 1867. 

A WELSH charitable institution might claim the patronage of the 
Prince of Wales, from his title, apart from the sympathy shown 
by him towards benevolent works amidst all classes of the people. 
On St. David's Day, March 1st, 1867, the Prince presided at the 
152nd anniversary festival of this ancient and useful charity, the 


origin of -which dates back from the year 1715, shortly after the 
accession of George I. 

Caroline, the Princess of Wales, was born on the 1st of March of 
that year ; and as there were divisions and intrigues at the period, 
many influential Welshmen combined to show their loyal attach- 
ment to the House of Hanover. 

At first the combination was probably prompted by political 
motives, but the Society soon took up practical work, and founded 
a school for the education of poor children of Welsh parents in 
London. The Scotch had already formed similar patriotic insti- 
tutions, and at a later period the Irish followed the example. On 
the present anniversary the Prince was supported by a distin- 
guished company, including several of the most eminent and 
influential natives of the Principality. 

The Health of the Queen having been drunk with enthusiasm, 
that of the Prince and Princess of Wales was proposed by the Duke 
of Cambridge, who said that every one would agree with him in 
expressing the high sense which every body entertained of the 
admirable way in which His Eoyal Highness had supported not 
only the general interests of the country, but also those of individual 
societies. The Prince responded in a few hearty words, saying he 
would always be found ready to assist charitable objects, whether 
as an onlooker, or as a participator in the proceedings, as he was 
that night. Having returned warm thanks for the reception 
given to the toast, and the good wishes expressed towards himself 
and the Princess of Wales, he then proposed the toast of the 
evening : " Prosperity to the Welsh Charity School, and Perpetuity 
to the Honourable and Loyal Society of Ancient Britons." 

" I feel sure, Gentlemen, I shall not have to call upon you 
twice to respond most heartily to this toast. You all of you 
must know, perhaps far better than I can tell you, the history 
of this society; but at the same time it may be well that 
I should go back and give you a brief sketch of the society 
from its commencement. In 1715 it was founded on St. David's 
Day, which was the birthday of Caroline, Princess of "Wales. 
My ancestor, George II., then Prince of Wales, became the first 
patron of the society. The Princess took great interest in the 
well-being of the society, independent of the fact of its having 
"been founded in commemoration of her natal day. The school 
in those times was nothing more than a day school. It was 
found to be too small, and was removed to Clerkenwell, and 
there it flourished for some time. In 1771 it was removed to 
Gray's-inn Lane, and in 1818, at the death of the much lamented 
Princess Charlotte of Wales, whose loss the whole country most 


deeply felt, 50 additional children were, by means of a public 
subscription, sent to the school in remembrance of her name. 
The school continued to flourish, but it was thought advisable, 
if it could be effected, that the institution should be removed 
into the country, in order, among other advantages, that the 
children might derive the benefit of the fresh air. Accordingly 
in 1854 the school was removed to Ashford, and on the 13th of 
July, 1857, my lamented father inaugurated and opened the 
school on its present site. I am happy to say that I accom- 
panied him on that occasion, and from that time to this you will 
believe me when I assure you that I have felt the deepest 
interest in the prosperity of the school. It has frequently 
occurred on my journey from Windsor to London by the South- 
western line for me to notice the school as I have passed by it, 
but that circumstance alone would not be required to remind 
me of its claims. When the school was removed from London 
to the country considerable expense was incurred ; so much so 
that it was rendered necessary to reduce the number of children 
from 200 to 150, but I am happy to be able to inform you that 
in the course of the last century and a half as many as 3000 
Welsh children have been by means of this institution clothed, 
fed, and educated, and afterwards sent forth into the world pro- 
vided, to a certain extent, for their future career. This must be 
a gratifying announcement, and brief and imperfect as the 
sketch may have been which I have now given you, still I trust 
I have said enough to call upon you most heartily to continue 
that support which in past years you have given on the occasion 
of these annual festivals. Gentlemen, I thank you for the kind 
manner in which you have been pleased to receive these 
remarks, and I beg to propose to you, in a bumper, the toast of 
the evening." 

Other toasts and speeches followed, and a most liberal collection 
was made for the Charity, which is now generally known under 
the name of " High School for Welsh Girls." 

( 47 ) 

July ICMft, 1867. 

ON the 10th of July, 1867, His Eoyal Highness the Prince of 
Wales inaugurated this institution, established under the auspices 
of the International Education Society. Some years previously a 
Committee, of which Mr. Cobden and M. Michael Chevalier were 
members, proposed the formation of an International College, 
having four principal establishments, in England, France, Germany, 
and Italy. The pupils were to pursue their studies at each branch 
in succession. It was to inaugurate the English branch of this 
institution, at Spring Grove, under the direction of Dr. Leonard 
Schmitz, formerly Eector of the High School of Edinburgh, that 
they assembled this day. 

After inspecting the building and grounds, the visitors assembled 
at luncheon, the chair being occupied by Mr. Paulton, the treasurer 
of the College, having on his right the Prince of Wales, and on his 
left the Due d'Aumale. The Prince de Joinville and the Comte 
de Paris were also among the guests. On the health of the Prince 
of Wales being proposed, he replied as follows : 

" Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen, I beg to thank you 
for the kind manner in which you have drunk my health, and 
for the feeling and touching sympathy you have evinced for the 
Princess of Wales. I can assure you it gives me the greatest 
gratification to be present to-day to inaugurate this College 
under the auspices of the International Education Society. 
I sincerely trust that this propitious weather and the goodly 
company I see around me may be omens of the future of this 
institution. The site of this College is all that can be de- 
sired, and I know that its management will be so adminis- 
tered as to fulfil to the utmost the anticipations of its promoters. 
There is now room for 80 pupils within its walls, and when the 
new wings are completed it will be capable of accommodating 
twice, probably treble, that number. There are, I understand, 
two sister institutions abroad one in Germany, and the other 
in France; and after the pupils have completed their studies 
here they can avail themselves of the advantages of these insti- 
tutions to perfect themselves in modern Continental languages. 

" I am not going to discuss the relative claims on our attention 
of the living and dead languages ; but I believe it to be most 


important that modern languages should form one of the prin- 
cipal subjects of study on grounds of practical utility. No 
persons were ever more deeply impressed with this fact than 
my late lamented father, and another man whose name is now 
celebrated, through England, Eichard Cobden. I have travelled 
a great deal on the Continent, and I am confident that I should 
have found my sojourn in these countries far less pleasant than 
it was if I had not possessed a considerable knowledge of the 
vernacular of the people. 

" I thank you again sincerely for the manner in which you 
have drunk my health, and I shall convey to the Princess the 
deep sympathy you have evinced for her in her illness, the 
enthusiastic affection with which you have received her name, 
and your warm good wishes for her speedy restoration to health. 
Before sitting down I beg to propose a toast, which I am sure 
you will receive with every demonstration of approbation. It 
is " Success to the London College of the International Education 
Society." With that toast I beg to couple the name of Dr. 
Schmitz, whose pupil, I am proud to say, I once was while 
studying in the city of Edinburgh." 

The toast having been received with great enthusiasm, Dr. Schmitz, 
in reply, said he had to thank His Royal Highness for the kindness 
of heart with which he had spoken of his humble name, and hoped 
that the College so happily inaugurated would have a prosperous 
issue. The distinctive feature of the institution was that in it the 
study of modern languages and natural sciences were to be largely 
pursued. The dead languages, however, were not to be ignored. 
They protested only against the exclusive study of classical 
literature. He had himself devoted his life to letters, but at the 
same time he fully recognized the claims of the modern continental 
tongues and the natural sciences, by which, the civilization and 
progress of the world were unquestionably advanced. Professor 
Huxley then proposed the " Health of the Committee of Manage- 
ment," coupling with it the name of the chairman. The Chairman 
having briefly replied, the meeting broke up, and the visitors 
dispersed throughout the grounds for promenade. 


July lltli, 1867. 

AMONG the many illustrious rulers of foreign nations who have 
been entertained by the Lord Mayor of London, have been three 
Viceroys of Egypt. On the llth of July, 1867, at a banquet at 
the Mansion House, a distinguished company assembled to meet 
his Highness the Viceroy, Ismail Pasha. Twenty-one years 
previously, the father, and on a subsequent occasion the brother 
of the Viceroy had been similarly honoured in the capital of the 
British Empire. The Prince of Wales, the Duke of Cambridge, 
Prince Teck, Prince Edward of Saxe Weimar, many of the ambas- 
sadors of foreign powers, and the most eminent men of all shades 
of political opinion were among the company. 

The reply of the Viceroy, to the toast, given by the Lord Mayor, 
was responded to in his native tongue, and interpreted by Nubar 
Pasha in French : " If Egypt had rendered services to England, 
chiefly in facilitating communication with India, his country was 
only acknowledging the debt due to this country for the benefits 
received in promoting the material and the moral progress of his 

The next toast was the health of the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, and the other members of the Royal Family, to which the 
Prince thus responded : 

" My Lord Mayor, your Royal Highnesses, my Lords, Ladies, 
and Gentlemen, I beg to thank you most warmly and sincerely 
for the kind manner in which you, my Lord Mayor, have pro- 
posed my health and that of the Princess of Wales, and the 
other members of the Royal Family ; and to thank the company 
here present for the way in which it has been received. I need 
not assure you, my Lord Mayor, that to have been invited here 
this evening has been a source of great pleasure to me. Under 
any circumstances I always feel it a great compliment to be 
invited to the hospitable board of the Lord Mayor and the 
Corporation of the city of London. 

" But this evening we have been invited here to do honour 
to a guest, and that guest the Viceroy of Egypt. As the 
Lord Mayor has very truly remarked, England and Egypt, 
though far distant from one another, though very different 
from one another in religion and in habits, are countries 



which have been, and will continue to be, closely allied to 
one another. We have every reason to be grateful to the 
Viceroy and to his Government for the means he has afforded 
us of visiting that country, and for the great hospitality that he 
has shown to us on all occasions. I myself received distinguished 
marks of kindness under the rule of his brother, the late Viceroy, 
in 1862. Nothing could exceed the kindness and courtesy with 
which I was treated, and the facilities with which I was enabled 
to visit that most interesting country. We are also indebted to 
the Viceroy and the Egyptian Government for the great facilities 
he has afforded our troops in their transit to India. 

" Egypt, as has been remarked, is a country that is fast im- 
proving in every way. Manufactures are rising on all sides 
especially the manufacture of cotton. I myself visited a very 
important sugar manufactory, and it was interesting to find that 
there were English, French, and German workmen employed in 
that manufactory. 

"I do not wish, my Lord Mayor, to take up more of your 
time this evening, knowing that there are other toasts to be 
proposed. I will, therefore, conclude by again thanking you 
once more for the honour you have done me in drinking my 
health, and for the very kind expressions you have used towards 
the Princess of Wales. I know I only express her feelings 
when I say that she has been deeply touched by that universal 
good feeling and sympathy which has been shown to her during 
her long and painful illness. Thank God she has now nearly 
recovered, and I trust that in a month's time she will be able to 
leave London and enjoy the benefits of fresh air." 

March I70i, 1868. 

ON various occasions, the Prince of Wales has shown on Irish 
soil, his sympathy with the people of the Sister Isle, and has been 
always welcomed with warm and loyal feeling by the mass of the 
population. He has given practical proof of his good feeling for 


the Irish nation by being a patron and supporter of the Benevolent 
Society of St. Patrick, in the schools of which the children of poor 
Irish parents residing in the Metropolis receive education and 
other benefits. 

The annual festival has long been well attended and supported, 
but never before was there so great and brilliant a gathering as 
when the Prince of Wales, on the 17th of March, 1868, presided at 
the dinner, at Willis's Eooms. Among the company were the 
Archbishop of Armagh, the Bishop of Derry, and many members 
of the House of Lords, and of the House of Commons, connected 
with Ireland, with other distinguished persons of all classes 
interested in the charity. The London Irish Volunteers formed 
a guard of honour in front of the building, and the Prince on 
entering, and taking his place as president, was greeted with 
enthusiastic cheers. 

The usual loyal toasts having been given, and responded to by 
the Prince, with warm appreciation of the good-will, especially 
directed towards the Princess of Wales, on her health being pro- 
posed by the Archbishop of Armagh, the Prince proposed " The 
Army and Navy, the Militia and the Volunteers," saying some 
suitable words as to each branch of the united services. 

The Earl of Longford briefly replied for the Army. Mr. Corry, 
in responding for the Navy, said he believed that St. Patrick 
had never been so far south as that fine harbour which was 
"Istatio benefida carinis." Complaints had been made from time to 
time that the Government had not availed themselves of the faci- 
lities which Cork harbour afforded for dockyard accommodation, 
but after the works at Haulbowline were completed, he hoped that 
the people of Cork would see that the Admiralty had no desire to 
do any injustice to Ireland in respect of the navy. He was glad 
to announce to the company that on the occasion of the forth- 
coming visit of the Prince of Wales to Dublin a division of the 
armour-clad vessels of the Channel fleet would be sent to the Bay 
of Dublin, where, weather permitting, the ships of the division 
would anchor and remain during the time His Royal Highness was 
to stay in Ireland. 

Captain M. J. O'Connell, in returning thanks for the Volunteers, 
remarked that in the London Irish there never had been any 
political or polemical disputes. 

At this stage of the proceedings there occurred a scene 
thoroughly " racy of the soil " of which most of the noblemen and 
gentlemen present were natives. The children of the schools were 
brought into the room, and "St. Patrick's Day" having been 
struck up by the band, the boys and girls proceeded to make the 
circuit of the tables. The national air of Ireland told alike on 
the benefactors and the recipients of the charity. The children 
looked with glistening eyes ou the company, and the latter, as 
the young ones passed by, loaded them with fruit and cakes to 
such an extent that before the juvenile procession had made its 

E 2 


exit from the apartment the tables had been cleared of the entire 
dessert, which was a very liberal one. The boys and girls raised 
a loud cheer as they left the room, and the entire company, in- 
cluding the illustrious President, appeared all the happier for 
having made the festival the means of so unusual a treat for the 
little sons and daughters of poor Irish parents struggling for their 
living in London. 

After the performance of a selection of Irish airs, the Prince of 
Wales again rose and said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, The next toast which I shall 
have the honour of proposing to you is the toast of the evening. 
We are here to-night for a very excellent and charitable purpose. 
The objects of the Benevolent Society of St. Patrick have been 
so often stated so many able speeches have been made at so. 
many successive anniversaries of this festival, that there is very 
little left for me to say ; but having accepted, which I did with 
pleasure, the post of chairman this evening, I feel it is due to 
the institution and to this company that I should make a few 
observations. I may as well at once say that I am about ta 
call upon you to drink prosperity to the Benevolent Society of 
St. Patrick. This Society was instituted in 1784, with the 
object of relieving the necessitous children of Irish parents, 
resident in London. One of its first patrons was my grand- 
father, the Duke of Kent. I have always understood that he 
took a very great interest in the Society, and I may further 
observe that several of my grand-uncles acted as presidents at 
your annual dinners. At the present moment I believe the 
schools are in what may be called a nourishing condition. 
They afford education to as many as 400 children. That the 
boys and girls are in good health and thriving is, I think, pretty 
evident, from the appearance they presented as they passed 
through the room just now. A special feature in the conduct 
of the schools is that no doctrinal teaching is permitted. They 
are entirely national and non-sectarian schools. At the same 
time the children are strongly advised to attend the instructions 
given by the ministers of the religion in which their parents 
wish them to be brought up, and they are afforded an oppor- 
tunity of doing so every week. If it is thought desirable, the 
children are apprenticed on leaving school. This system has 
been found to work remarkably well. Inducements are held 


out for proficiency and good conduct by rewards given after 
examination. A comparatively new feature in the management 
of the institution is this that at times when the parents are 
enduring hardships and perhaps privations owing to the want 
of work when they may not have a sufficiency of daily bread 
for the maintenance of their families, as, for instance, during 
severe winter weather, when many poor people find it difficult 
to obtain employment a daily meal is given to children who 
are in want of it. This has been found to afford much assistance 
to the parents as well as the children, and may therefore be 
regarded as a satisfactory addition to the arrangements of the 
managers. I am informed that of late years the institution has 
lost many valuable patrons and supporters, but I should hope 
that any void in this way may speedily be filled up. My Lords 
and Gentlemen, though this may be called an annual festival 
in aid of a charity, and in this respect it is exceedingly useful, 
it has also another advantage. It has long been regarded as an 
occasion when Irishmen living in London may meet together 
without sectarian feelings or political allusions. Such meetings 
are beneficial, and they must be all the more so when their 
main object is the furtherance of a most excellent institution 
like the Benevolent Society of St. Patrick, prosperity to which 
I now ask you to drink." 

The illustrious President next gave " The Lord-Lieutenant of 
Ireland," and in doing so said, " he was sure every one would 
agree with him in thinking that Lord Abercorn had filled his 
high office with credit to himself and benefit to the country. 
His Excellency had had a very arduous task to perform. 
During Lord Abercorn's administration there had been great 
troubles in Ireland, but it was to be hoped that these were 
almost at an end." 

The Earl of Mayo, in returning thanks for the Lord-Lieutenant, 
expressed his opinion that the Prince of Wales on his forthcoming 
visit to Ireland would experience such a reception as would induce 
His Royal Highness to go there again. 

The Earl of Kimberley, in proposing the health of the illustrious 
President, said he thought the friends of Ireland ought to feel 
much obliged to His Royal Highness for his presence there that 
evening. He was convinced that good would result from it. 
Having on one occasion, while filling the office of Lord-Lieutenant, 
had the honour to receive the Prince of Wales at Dublin, he could 


state from his own knowledge that His Eoyal Highness took the 
deepest interest in all that concerned the welfare of Ireland, and 
showed the greatest anxiety to make himself acquainted with her 
affairs. The Prince had made himself acquainted with her affairs, 
and was in a position to give an intelligent and a just opinion on 
the matter. This was of great importance for Ireland. He 
thought he might venture to say that the Prince of Wales felt an 
affection for Ireland. 

The toast was drunk with all the honours, and with unusual 
enthusiasm. The Prince of Wales said : 

" I am exceedingly gratified by the very kind terms in which 
my noble friend has proposed my health, and the more than 
cordial manner in which you, my lords and gentlemen, have 
received it. I hope I need not assure you that it has been a 
source of great pleasure to me to take the chair at a dinner in 
aid of a society which does so much for the benefit of so many 
children of the poorer Irish in London. My noble friend has 
alluded to my approaching visit to Ireland. I shall only say 
that I am glad to visit a portion of the United Kingdom in 
which I have experienced such extensive kindness from all 
parties. I agree with the noble Lord the Chief Secretary for 
Ireland. If this visit should tend to give pleasure to the people 
of Ireland I hope there may be a longer visit hereafter. During 
the course of the last two years there has been much that has 
been disagreeable to loyal Irishmen ; but I am convinced that 
the people of Ireland generally are thoroughly true and loyal, 
and that the disaffection which has existed will only be of short 
duration. It has not been engrafted on the minds of any 
portion of the Irish people by the Irish people themselves. But 
as we are assembled here for a purely charitable object this is 
not the place for political allusions. I shall, therefore, con- 
clude by once more thanking you for the kind way in which 
you have drunk my nealth, and for the manner in which you 
have supported me this evening." 

The amount contributed to the funds of the charity was about 
1200, which included 100 guineas from the Queen, and a similar 
sum from the Prince of Wales. 

April 15-2501, 1868. 

THE projected visit to Ireland, referred to in a previous article on 
St. Patrick's festival, took place in April, 1868. It was a successful 
and memorable visit in every way. On the 15th of April the 
Prince and Princess of Wales, who had started from Holy head at 
4 A.M., arrived in Kingstown Harbour at 9.30, and landed amidst 
salutes from the fleet attending the Eoyal yacht. On the way to 
Dublin Castle they were received with enthusiasm by the crowds. 
The streets and houses were profusely decorated with banners and 
evergreens. " Welcome to Erin " was the burden of the mottoes. 
No troops lined the way, but reliance was put on the loyal and 
hospitable spirit of the people, who kept the track clear for the 
cortege, and when the escort had passed the crowd closed in 
behind, like the waters in the wake of a ship which has passed 
through. At night the city was brilliantly illuminated. Next 
day the royal party went to Punchestown races in open carriages, 
and were greeted with enthusiasm as great as on the first entrance 
to Dublin. On Saturday the Prince was installed, with great 
ceremony, a Knight of St. Patrick, in St. Patrick's Cathedral. 

The Prince was belted with the same sword worn by George IV. 
In the evening his Excellency the Lord-Lieutenant entertained 
the Knight, the Eoyal visitors, and a distinguished company, at 
dinner in St. Patrick's Hall. In proposing the health of the 
Prince and the Princess of Wales, the Lord Lieutenant said that 
" the shouts of acclamation that for four successive days have rung 
in our ears, will have shown to the illustrious Heir of these King- 
doms, better than any words of mine, the kindly nature of the 
Irish people, and the attachment that may be awakened in their 
generous and warm hearts." 

His Eoyal Highness, in returning thanks, said : 

" Your Excellency, your Eoyal Highnesses, my Lords, Ladies, 
and Gentlemen, In the name of the Princess of Wales and 
myself, I beg -to tender you my warmest thanks for the very 
kind and nattering manner in which this toast has been pro- 
posed, and for the cordial way in which it has been received by 
the company present here this evening. Under any circum- 
stances I should feel it a great honour to have my health pro- 
posed by his Excellency the Lord-Lieutenant, but to-night the 
circumstances under which it has been proposed are peculiar, 
for I appear here as a Knight of the Illustrious Order of 


St. Patrick. I can assure you that I feel very proud to wear 
this evening for the first time the star and riband of this illus- 
trious Order ; and I am very grateful to Her Majesty the Queen 
for having given it to me. On former occasions I have received 
the Orders of Great Britain from Her Majesty's own hands ; 
and, although I cannot but regret that on this occasion she has 
not been able to give this Order to me herself, still it was the 
Queen's wish that I should receive it on Irish soil, from the 
hands of her representative, the Lord -Lieutenant. 

" This Order was first founded, now more than 80 years ago, 
by my great-grandfather, King George III., and was instituted 
by him as a mark of his goodwill and friendship towards this 
country, and it is my hope that, as his great-grandson, having 
to-day received it on Irish soil, I may also be instrumental in 
evincing in this country, in the name of my Sovereign and my 
mother, her goodwill and friendship towards Ireland. I feel 
also proud that I have been not only invested with the insignia 
of this Order, but installed in the magnificent Cathedral of 
St. Patrick, for the restoration of which we are indebted to the 
great munificence of a private gentleman of Ireland, whose name 
is so well known that I need not mention it to you, more 
particularly as I have the pleasure of seeing him at this table. 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, I am very glad to have this 
opportunity of stating to you, on behalf of the Princess and 
myself, how deeply gratified we are by the reception which has 
been accorded to us in this country, not only, as the Lord- 
Lieutenant has observed, by the higher classes, but by the sons 
of the soil as well. After the sad times of the past year it 
might, perhaps, have been thought by some that our reception 
would not have been all that could have been wished. I myself 
felt confident that it would, and my hopes have been indeed 
realised. I beg, therefore, to offer, not only to those present 
who participated more immediately in our reception, but to the 
whole Irish people, our thanks for the cordial, hearty, and 
friendly welcome which we have received. I will not weary 
you with more words, but thank you once more for the honour 
you have done us in so heartily drinking our healths." 

The Prince, we are told, spoke with an unaffected earnestness 
which deepened the impression left by his words. The reference 


to "the sad times of the past year" included the wretched 
Clerkenwell explosion affair, the perpetrators of which outrage 
were on their trial in London, at the very time when the people 
of Dublin were showing their loyal attachment to the throne, 
and observing the most remarkable order and decorum, even in 
the most crowded and poverty-stricken districts. 

Besides an incessant round of banquets, receptions, concerts, balls, 
and what are humorously called "entertainments," the Koyal 
visitors devoted much time to inspecting museums, libraries, hos- 
pitals, colleges, schools, including some sights not usually attrac- 
tive to strangers, such as the collections of preparations and 
curiosities in the College of Surgeons, and the College of Physi- 
cians. The antiquities in the Eoyal Hibernian Academy's rooms 
were duly inspected ; a conversazione at the Royal Dublin Society 
attended ; a flower-show at the Rotunda ; The Catholic University 
in Stephen's Green visited; and above all there were splendid 
doings at Trinity College, where the Prince (and at the same 
time, the Duke of Cambridge, and Lord Abercorn) received the 
investiture of honorary Doctor of Laws. After this the Royal 
LL.D. went outj unrobed, to unveil the statue of Edmund 

Then there was the Cattle Show, for it happened that the usual 
spring meeting of the Royal Dublin Society fell at the very time 
of the Prince's visit. Of course there was also a review in Phoenix 
Park, and on this occasion the military spectacle was of unusual 

On Sunday, the 19th, His Royal Highness attended the service 
in Christ Church, a cathedral exceeded by few in historic 

In addition to the many engagements in Dublin, visits were 
paid to Lord Powerscourt's beautiful domain, with the romantic 
and classical scenes of county Wicklow ; and to the Duke of 
Leinster at Carton, and to Maynooth College, fifteen miles off. 
The President, Dr. Russell, with the officials, formally received 
the Prince, while the hundreds of students gave him a cheerful 
welcome in the great quadrangle. 

It would occupy too much space to mention all the incidents 
crowded into the days of the Irish sojourn. They are all recorded 
in full detail, in the newspapers of the period, and especially in the 
columns of the Times, who sent a special correspondent to 
chronicle the events, day by day. In a leading article of the 
Times, the writer gives a summary of the proceedings, and makes 
comments on what might be the result of the Royal visit. Some 
sentences of this article we quote as showing what was the impres- 
sion made at the time by the Prince himself : 

" Any reader of our daily correspondence could easily make o u t a 
hundred distinct occasions during these ten days on which the 
Prince, most frequently with the Princess, had to be face to face 
with some portion of the people, in some ceremony or other, and 


had to perform a part requiring all the graces and gifts of Royalty. 
There were presentations and receptions ; receiving and answering 
addresses ; processions, walking, riding, and driving, in morning, 
evening, military, academic, and mediaeval attire. The Prince 
was invested as a Knight, robed as an LL.D., and made a Lord of 
the Irish Privy Council ; he had to breakfast, lunch, dine, and sup 
with more or less publicity every twenty-four hours. He had to 
go twice to races with fifty or a hundred thousand people about 
him ; to review a small army and make a tour in the Wicklow 
mountains, of course everywhere receiving addresses under canopies, 
and dining in state under galleries full of spectators. He visited 
and inspected institutions, colleges, universities, academies, libraries, 
and cattle shows. He had to take a very active part in assemblies 
of from several hundred to several thousand dancers, and always 
to select for his partners the most important personages. He had 
to introduce the statue of Burke to the wind and rain of his 
country. He had to listen to many speeches sufficiently to know 
when and what to answer. He had to examine with respectful 
interest pictures, books, antiquities, relics, manuscripts, specimens, 
bones, fossils, prize beasts, and works of Irish art. He had never 
to be unequal to the occasion, however different from the last or 
however like the last, and whatever his disadvantage as to the 
novelty or the dullness of the matter and the scene. He was 
always before persons who were there at home, on their own 
ground, and amid persons and objects familiar to them, and some- 
times in a manner made by them. Be it Cardinal, Chancellor, 
Eector, Mayor, Commanding Officer, President, Chairman, or local 
deputation, he had to hold his own, without even seeming to do so 
that is, without effort or self assertion. All this he had to do 
continually for ten days. Now, men of common mould know what 
an anxious thing it is to have to do this even once, and how utterly 
they may be upset by the concurrence of two or three such 

All this and more the Prince had to do and to suffer during his 
visit. The speeches if not long, were numerous and appropriate. 
Altogether the Irish campaign of 1868 was not an easy one. Let 
it be remembered with the more honour. 

On the 25th of April, the Eoyal visitors returned to Holyhead, 
and stopping at Carnarvon, the birthplace of the first Prince of 
Wales, received a public greeting, and an address. At a banquet 
subsequently given, the Prince thus responded to the toast given 
by the High Sheriff of the County : 

" On behalf of the Princess and myself I return our warmest 
thanks for the kind way in which our health has been proposed, 
and for the manner in which it has been received. It has 
afforded the Princess and myself the very greatest pleasure to 
come to North Wales and visit the ancient castle of Carnarvon. 


It is particularly interesting to us to come upon this day, the 
anniversary of the birthday of the first Prince of Wales, For 
a long time it had been our intention to pay a visit to Wales, 
and I regret that that intention has been so long in the fulfil- 
ment ; but the cordial reception which we have received to-day 
will, I am sure, lead us to look forward with great pleasure to 
another visit on some future day. We deeply regret that our 
stay should be so short, and that, it being necessary for us to go 
homewards, we cannot remain longer with you. I thank you 
once more for the kind way in which you have received the few 
words I have addressed to you, and for the welcome we have 
received from the people of Carnarvon." 

His Eoyal Highness concluded by proposing the health of the 
Lords-Lieutenant, the High Sheriffs, and the Mayors of the towns 
and counties of North Wales. 


May 5th, 1868. 

THERE is no form of charity more obviously suitable and good, 
than helping distressed strangers in a strange land, and especially 
foreigners in London. The sixty-second anniversary of the 
" Society of Friends of Foreigners in Distress " was celebrated on 
May 5th, 1868, at Willis's Eooms, under the presidency of H.K.H. 
the Prince of Wales. The guests included many representatives 
of various nations, the charity itself being cosmopolitan, and 
helping the distressed of all races and regions. 

In proposing the health of "The Queen, the Protectress of 
the Society," the Prince observed that " Her Majesty had shown 
a deep interest in the charity, ever since 1837, the year of her 
accession to the throne, when she became an annual subscriber; 
and his lamented father became its protector at his marriage, 
and continued to subscribe to its funds." 

In proposing the health of the Prince and Princess of Wales, Sir 
Travers Twiss, her Majesty's Advocate-General, said that lie was 
not merely following the high example of his august mother and 
lamented father, but was moved by bis own kind disposition. As 


it was not generally known, he took the liberty of mentioning, 
even in his presence, that the Prince, in the course of his Eastern 
travels, passed through no great city without having visited its 
institutions in aid of suffering humanity ; and it was still fresh in 
the memory of those who were around him how much his heart 
was touched at the sight of the shelter afforded by British and 
American philanthropy to the unfortunate Syrian Christians, who 
had been driven from their homes at Damascus, and found a tem- 
porary asylum among the European residents at Beyrout. 

His Koyal Highness, in returning thanks, expressed the high 
pleasure it was to be present in support of the institution, and 
proposed the health of the " Foreign Sovereigns and Governments 
protectors and patrons of the Institution," coupling with the toast 
the name of his Excellency the Prussian Ambassador ; to which 
Count Bernstorff responded. 

In proposing the principal toast of the evening, His Eoyal 
Highness said that he was sure it would be received with enthu- 
siasm : 

" The ' Society of Friends of Foreigners in Distress ' was the 
first of the kind established in London, and its object was to 
afford assistance to deserving and necessitous foreigners in this 
country, without distinction of nationality, religion, age, or sex. 
This institution, which had now existed for more than sixty 
years, was even at the time of its initiation thought to be a 
work of necessity ; how much more so had it become such since 
the means of communication between country and country had 
been so vastly increased, and trade, manufactures, and commerce 
had so largely attracted the people of other nations to our 
shores ! 

"The charitable objects of the society were first to grant 
allowances to deserving foreigners in their old age. Pensioners 
were elected by the governors, and the Board of Directors paid 
the pensions annually. The second object was to grant tem- 
porary relief in time of sickness. These cases were inquired 
into with the greatest care, and sums from a few shillings up to 
5 or 10 were sometimes given where the cases required it. 
A third object was to afford temporary assistance to the younger 
members of families when the heads of the families were by 
infirmity or ill health unable to support them ; but when such 
relief had been once afforded to any extent a period of eight 
weeks was required to elapse before any further help was 
rendered, unless in cases of great emergency. The fourth 


and last object of the society was to afford means by which 
foreigners might be able to return to their native country. As 
many as 243 families had been enabled to return to their 
native country by the assistance rendered to them by this 
society. Several of the families so assisted had been induced 
to quit their native land in that unfortunate expedition to 
Mexico. They had engaged in what they thought was a good 
cause, but when that fell to the ground, owing to events that 
occurred last year, those poor creatures were totally unprovided 
for, and then it was that the society granted them the means of 
returning to their native country. 

" There were some almshouses at Lower Norwood belonging 
to the society, in which several families were comfortably 
lodged and maintained. Since the origin of the society as 
many as 116,000 cases had received its attention and aid. Last 
year 3000 persons were assisted, not including the 243 families 
that were enabled to return to their native home. Similar 
societies had recently sprung up, but they all differed from the 
one they were then celebrating in this respect, that they con- 
fined their assistance to the natives of certain countries, while 
this society had for its object the giving relief to foreigners of 
all nations. He had one more statement to make which had 
only been mentioned to him a few minutes ago. There was a 
gentleman present who was well known to them, but did not 
wish his name to be announced, who had already given 1000 
to the society, and who had expressed himself ready to give an. 
additional 100 if he could find nine other gentlemen who 
would each give a like sum. He hoped the society would be 
able to find those nine gentlemen to assist them. Having 
made this brief statement, he begged to propose that the toast 
be drunk up-standing with three times three." 

The call was heartily responded to, and, after some further 
complimentary and formal toasts, His Royal Highness and the 
principal guests retired. 


May 13th, 1868. 

As President of the Governors of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, the 
Prince of Wales has always taken a warm and active interest in 
the affairs of that great charitable institution. On the 13th of 
May, 1868, he took the chair at what is called the annual " View" 
dinner. ' It is the custom on that day for some of the Governors to 
make a visitation of the wards and other departments of the 
Hospital. On this occasion the Eoyal President visited six of the 
wards. At the dinner he was supported by Prince Christian, 
the Bishop of Oxford, and other distinguished guests, as well as 
the officials of the Hospital. After dinner the Eoyal President 
rose and said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, The first toast which I have the 
honour to submit to you I propose in the form in which it has 
always been given at this anniversary festival; it is 'The 
Church and the Queen.' I need hardly remind you that the 
Queen takes the liveliest interest in the hospitals of the country, 
and she has to-day evinced that interest by laying the founda- 
tion-stone of the sister hospital of St. Thomas. Although the 
Queen, as I understand, has never visited this hospital, I trust 
that before long I may induce her to do so, and that I may 
have the honour of showing her over it." 

The Bishop of Oxford responded, and in proposing the health of 
*' The Prince and Princess of Wales, and the rest of the Eoyal 
Family," said that the presence of the Eoyal President that day 
was not only a tribute to humanity, most graceful in the heir of a 
hundred kings, but it was also a tribute to the highest of human 
science, a tribute as much to the noble profession of medicine, to 
those who ministered to the relief of human sufferings, as to the 
sufferers themselves. 

The Eoyal President said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, I thank you for the toast that 
has just been given by the right rev. prelate, and has been 
so kindly received. In responding to the very kind words in 
which my health has been proposed, I can assure you it has 
given me more than ordinary pleasure to be President of this 
hospital and to take the chair, for the first time, at its anni- 
versary festival. My only regret has been and is, that the 


many duties devolving upon me do not allow me to come 
here oftener than I have done ; but you may be sure I take the 
greatest interest in the hospital, and the more the Treasurer 
tells me of what is going on in the hospital the better I shall be 
pleased. Whenever I have availed myself of an opportunity of 
visiting the hospital I have found it in a condition which left 
nothing to be desired. The Princess of Wales has also taken as 
great an interest in it as I have done, and as soon as she could 
move about after her return from abroad she accompanied me 
on a visit to this hospital. In the name of the Princess of 
Wales and the other members of the Royal Family I return 
thanks for the manner in which this toast has been drunk." 

In proposing the next toast, "The Army, Navy, Militia, and 
Volunteers," the Koyal President said : 

" I always think that this is a puzzling toast for a chairman 
to give, although at the same time it is an easy one, because so 
many have given it, and will continue to give it, that there is, 
unfortunately, little scope for originality and variety in pro- 
posing it. On such an occasion as this, however, and in a 
hospital, too, it is a most appropriate toast, because medical 
departments are essential in our army and navy, and medical 
science is specially invoked by their active services. Alas that 
it should be so! But, fortunately, in our last campaign, in 
Abyssinia, there was less call than ever for medical science on 
our own side, as only one person was wounded in action." 

Other customary toasts having been given, the Eoyal President 
again rose, and said : 

" The toast I have now the honour to propose you will receive 
with enthusiasm : it is, ' Prosperity to St. Bartholomew's Hos- 
pital, and Health and Ease to the Patients.' It gives me the 
greatest pleasure to propose this toast. This hospital, the 
largest and most ancient of the metropolitan hospitals, was 
founded in 1123 by Eahere, and was then attached to the 
Priory ; and on the suppression of the monasteries, in 1544, it 
had a charter granted to it by Henry VIII., whose portrait 
occupies the wall on my right. At that time the hospital had 
only 100 beds, one physician, and three surgeons ; it has now 
650 beds, 12 physicians, and 12 surgeons, besides an array 


of lecturers, dispensers, and other officers. We may regard 
this as a grand day, and those who have gone through the 
wards of the hospital will have found everything in good 
order; but I once took the officers by surprise, and I came 
here in the winter, practically without giving notice. I can 
assure you I found everything on that occasion in the same 
condition as to-day nurses and attendants in their places, 
and surgeons and physicians punctiliously discharging their 

" I may here advert to the terrible event which occurred in 
the winter the Clerkenwell explosion. That showed how well 
organized the hospital is, and how admirable its arrangements 
are adapted to such an emergency. Almost immediately after 
the explosion as many as 40 patients were safely housed in 
the hospital, while many had their wounds dressed and were 
sent away. I came here, and found that the sufferers were re- 
ceiving every possible attention. Much is, no doubt, due to the 
unremitting care and supervision of the Treasurer ; and if one 
of the surgeons Mr. Holden were not present, I would 
express my appreciation of his valuable services in terms 
which, I am sure, many in this room would be ready to 
endorse. Every one is satisfied of the thorough efficiency of 
the hospital ; but there is still wanting a convalescent hospital. 
True, there is the Samaritan Fund, out of which you aid 
patients when they are dismissed; but still, when they are 
nearly well, you wish to send them into the country to recruit 
their health, so that they may return to their homes thoroughly 
convalescent. When this question is mooted I shall take the 
greatest interest, and do all I can to promote the establishment 
of the additional hospital. I have the greatest pleasure in 
coupling with this toast the name of the Treasurer, and no one 
will more heartily drink his health than I shall He has been 
called upon to act as Treasurer to Christ's Hospital too, and, 
although he will conscientiously serve it, he will not forget his 
first love St. Bartholomew's." 

Mr. Foster White, the Treasurer, in responding, said that such 
had been the demand upon the resources of the hospital during the 
past year that its income had been exceeded by 4,000, which was 
owing, however, chiefly to the high price of provisions. At the 
time of the Clerkenwell explosion he was prepared, if it had been 


necessary, to make a ward of the dining-room, feeling sure the 
Governors would have supported him. The Governors of this 
hospital and the Merchant Taylors' Company were in communica- 
tion, with the object of erecting conjointly a convalescent hospital, 
at an expenditure of 45,000 eaah corporation. In conclusion, the 
Treasurer denounced with some warmth the taxation of charities. 

The Royal President proposed " The Medical Statf," coupling 
the toast with the names of Dr. Frederic Farre and Mr. Paget. 
To the latter he tendered his heartfelt recognition of the services 
he had rendered during the severe illness of the Princess of Wales. 

Dr. Farre and Mr. Paget having responded, the " Corporation of 
London " was proposed from the Chair, and responded to by Mr. 
Alderman Finnis, and this terminated the proceedings. 

This 13th of May was a day of special interest in connection 
with Metropolitan Hospitals, the Queen having in the morning, 
with great state ceremony, laid the foundation stone of the new 
St. Thomas's Hospital, when the Prince and Princess of Wales 
were also present. 

The informal visit paid to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, referred 
to by the Prince in his speech, was on the 17th of February of that 
year, when he was accompanied by the Princess of Wales. The 
Princess had long wished to see the Hospital, and attention was 
then recalled to it by the announcement of the reception there of 
the sufferers from the Fenian outrage at Clerkenwell. They were 
conducted over the whole establishment by the Treasurer and 
principal surgeons. The Eoyal visitors had the opportunity of 
seeing all the Clerkenwell sufferers and of expressing their 
sympathy with them. Before leaving, they inspected the beauti- 
ful little church of St. Bartholomew the Less, which stands within 
the walls of the Hospital, and is, in fact, the Hospital chapel. 
The informal visit of their Eoyal Highnesses, which afforded great 
gratification to the authorities of the institution, lasted about an 
hour and a half. 

The visits of the Prince to St. Bartholomew's have been frequent 
in subsequent years, one interesting occasion being on the pre- 
sentation of a testimonial to Sir James Paget in 1871, on retiring 
from the post he had long held. 



October Sth, 1868. 

WHATEVER else Scotland may have to boast of, she may point 
with pride to her parish schools and her universities. These have 
contributed largely to raise her among the nations, and laid the 
foundation of much of the enterprise, energy, and success in life, 
which have long characterized the Scots at home and abroad, and 
given them an honourable place in letters, science, and commerce. 

Next to St. Andrews, and later only by a few years, Glasgow is 
the oldest of the Scottish Universities. It owes its origin to the 
Church in pre-Eeformation times, being founded A.D. 1450, and was 
at first connected with the Cathedral. The buildings did not 
assume their collegiate form till after the Reformation. The front 
and gateway facing the High Street were not erected till 1660. 
Many still remember the dingy-looking old building, with its 
quaint barred windows, and projecting balconies over the gateway, 
tmrmounted by the Eoyal Scottish Arms, in the style and period of 
the last of the Stuarts. The visitor passed through the four open 
courts, on to the handsome modern building, the Hunterian 
Museum, containing the valuable collection of Dr. William Hunter, 
bequeathed by him in grateful remembrance of his connection with 
this University. 

The venerable old College, having served its purpose through 
successive generations, for more than three centuries, the Senate 
of the University and the citizens of Glasgow determined to 
provide new buildings, upon a site and on a scale more suited to 
the requirements of the time. Subscriptions, in response to the 
appeal of the Senate, were obtained, to the amount of over 
160,000 ; and this being supplemented by the money for the sale 
of the old building and the old site, with a parliamentary vote of 
120,000, gave a total of 440,000. 

The site chosen for the new buildings was the rising ground 
called Gilmore Hill, on the west of Kelvin Grove. The plans 
were prepared by Gilbert Scott, and all the world knows how the 
magnificent structure in due time rose, to be the pride and orna- 
ment of the western capital of Scotland in wealth and population 
the second city in the United Kingdom. 

It was an imposing spectacle when the Prince of Wales, accom- 
panied by the Princess of Wales, laid the foundation stone of the 
new building, on the Sth of October, 1868. A vast concourse of 
people witnessed the ceremony. An address was presented by the 
Lord Provost and Corporation, the Prince having previously 
received the freedom of the city. 


Another address was then presented by the Principal and 
Senate of the University, in replying to which the Prince said : 

" It affords me the highest satisfaction to become a member 
and graduate of your University, and at the same time to visit 
a city the close connection of which with you has been so 
beneficial to both, as well as to the interests of learning and 
knowledge. The presence of so many of all classes of the 
citizens of Glasgow around me, and their liberal subscriptions 
for the prosecution of the work, the value they attach to its 
completion, and their sense of the advantages they and the 
people of Scotland derive from our institutions, the interest 
which my lamented father took in the advancement of every 
branch of science and education, would stimulate me to follow 
his example, and promote by every means in my power the 
success of your University and the objects for which it has 
been founded. We may confidently expect that the eminent 
men educated here in times past are only the precursors of a 
long train equally to be distinguished by every scientific 
acquirement. The Princess of Wales rejoices in the opportunity 
afforded her of taking part in this day's ceremony and cordially 
thanks you for your kind wishes." 

FOKEIGN TOUR, 1868-1869. 
November l7tJi, 1868 May 13th, 1869. 

THERE is a long break in the record of proceedings or speeches 
on account of the Foreign Tour on which the Prince started in 
November 1868, returning in May 1869. Of this time of travel it 
is not necessary to say much here, as the chief events and incidents 
are before the public in various works. Full reports appeared 
in the Times, and other journals, during the movements of the 
Royal party on the Continent, in Egypt, and Palestine. Eeference 
is made to this interesting and memorable tour in several of the 
speeches made by the Prince after his return ; and at a later time, 
as when he spoke at the meeting about the neglect of the Crimean 
graves, and at that for the memorial to Dean Stanley. 

Only one incident of the tour, and the one of greatest historical 
interest, may be mentioned, the visit to the Cave of Machpelah 
and the Sepulchres of the Patriarchs. In this event, not only the 

F 2 


personal interest, but the national importance of the Prince's 
Eastern Tour, may be said to culminate. Never before had Chris- 
tian pilgrims, since the days of the Mohammedan conquest, or of 
the Crusades, been allowed to see so much of the holy tombs of the 
Patriarchs. The sanctity with which the Mussulmans have in- 
vested the place is a living witness of the unbroken veneration 
with which men of Jewish, Christian, and Mohammedan creeds have 
honoured the memory of Abraham, the father of all the faithful. 
Hebron is known among the native population by no other name 
than El-Khalil, the Friend of God. 

It was the high position of the Prince of Wales, as son of Queen 
Victoria, that obtained fur him the rare privilege of access to this 
sacred spot. Nor was it obtained for him without some difficulty. 
Mr. Finn, the English Consul at Jerusalem, prepared the way by 
requesting an order from the Porte ; and the reply of the Grand 
Vizier left the matter very much to the discretion of the Governor, 
the Pasha of Jerusalem. He gave his consent on the condition 
that only a small number should accompany the Prince ; and pre- 
cautions were taken that the experiment should be made with as 
little risk as possible. The approach to Hebron was lined with 
troops, and guards were posted on the house-tops, in case of any 
outbreak of fanatical opposition to entering the holy places. A 
guard attended the Prince up to the entrance of the sacred en- 
closure. Even then two of the Arab Sheiks were inclined to give 
annoyance, but these the Governor of Hebron ordered out, or 
rather escorted them out himself, and the remainder were very 
courteous and complimentary to the Prince, faying that they were 
glad to have the opportunity of showing any civility in their 
power to one of the Princes of England, to whom their Government 
and people were so much indebted for kind offices. 

Dr. Eosen, well known to travellers in Palestine for his know- 
ledge of sacred geography, was fortunately one of the party ad- 
mitted, and he was able to make a ground plan of the platform. 
This, with the observations recorded by another of the Prince's 
party, has given clearer knowledge of this world-renowned spot. 
The existence and exact situation of the cave, the views of the 
enclosure within and without, the relation of the different tombs 
to each other, and the general conformity of the traditions of the 
mosque to the accounts of the Bible, and of the early travellers, 
were now, for the first time, clearly ascertained. 

The Prince's visit was on the 7th of April, 1869. The story of 
the visit spread throughout the lands of Islam ; and therefore this 
one incident of the Prince's Eastern Tour is here referred to as 
showing its national importance, and that the prestige of England 
is still great in these lands. But we must resume the record 
of speeches in England, where it so happens that the first of 
consequence was made at a meeting of the Royal Geographical 

May 24$, 1869. 

OF all the " learned societies " in London, the Royal Geographical 
is the most popular. Perhaps it is because there is less " book 
learning" required for its membership, than that love of travel, 
enterprise, and adventure, which characterizes all true Englishmen. 
Professor Owen once said that in the new Hall of the Geographical 
Society a statue of ' Robinson Crusoe ' should be the central figure. 
It was a wise and suggestive, though humorous proposal, for few 
geographers have not received early impressions from Defoe's 
immortal book. The whole globe is embraced in the objects of 
the Society, whether in the Old World or the New, whether the 
explorations are in the frozen regions of the Pule, or in the deserts 
and forests of tropical Africa. 

The anniversary meeting of the Society was held on the 
24th of May, 1869, in the Royal Institution, under the Presidency 
of Sir Roderick Murchison, to whose energy and enthusiasm 
geographical discoveries, and the prosperity of the Society, have 
been so largely due. 

When the health of the Prince of Wales, as their Royal vice- 
patron was given, the President referred to the appointment of 
Sir Samuel Baker, the Society's medallist of the year, to the 
government of Equatorial Africa. The good-will and patronage 
of the Viceroy in this instance was e>sentially obtained through 
the personal influence of the Prince of Wales. Among the guests 
at their table was the young Egyptian Prince Hassan. 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales said : 

" Sir Roderick Murchison, your Highness, my Lords, and 
Gentlemen, Under any ordinary circumstances it would have 
given me great pleasure to be present at this interesting 
meeting the anniversary dinner of the Eoyal Geographical 
Society ; but I feel doubly proud to be here this evening as a 
vice-patron of so useful and celebrated an institution. Sir 
Roderick Murchison has had the kindness to allude to me as a 
traveller ; I can only say that I feel ashamed almost to stand 
here with the name of a traveller, when I see around me so 
many distinguished persons who have travelled, I may almost 
say from one end of the world to the other. But I cannot be 
too grateful that my lamented father at an early period gave me 
an opportunity of travelling and seeing foreign countries ; and 
the same permission being granted to my brother, I feel certain 


that we have both derived great benefit from seeing those 
interesting countries which it has been our happiness to visit. 
No doubt much knowledge and learning may be obtained by 
reading books of foreign travel, but I feel convinced that all 
those gentlemen who are members of this society will coincide 
with me when I say that you cannot form so full or favourable 
an idea of the countries described by reading of them in books- 
as you can by visiting them yourselves. 

" I am greatly flattered and deeply sensible of the kind manner 
in which Sir Eoderick Murchison has mentioned me in con- 
nexion with the name of one whose presence we must all very 
much miss this evening I mean my late travelling companion, 
Sir Samuel Baker. I cannot but regret that he was forced to 
leave this country rather suddenly in order to make arrange- 
ments for his great and important undertaking, and could not, 
indeed, take farewell of all his friends. Sir Eoderick has stated 
that I was in some way instrumental in helping Sir Samuel 
Baker to carry out the enterprise in which he is engaged. His 
Highness the Viceroy of Egypt, I know, has deeply at heart the 
great importance of that noble enterprise to put down slavery 
on the White Nile, and I need hardly tell you that anything I 
could do in the matter was done with the utmost pleasure and 
satisfaction. Such an enterprise must meet the approval not 
only of every Englishman, but of every philanthropist. There 
are great difficulties connected with it. These difficulties must 
be great to any one, and they must still be more trying to a, 
European ; but I know Sir Samuel Baker to be a man of energy 
and perseverance, and whatever the difficulties he may have to 
encounter he is certain, if it lies in his power, to attain the end 
of his mission." 

We may here say that when Sir Samuel Baker gave a detailed 
account of his experiences, in the Hall of the London University, 
the Prince moved the vote of thanks, in a speech equally 

The Prince again rose after the toast of " The Army and Kavy, 
and Auxiliary Forces," had been given. He apologized for 
responding for the Army, in presence of so many distinguished 
officers ; but he spoke by command of the President, and a soldier's 
first duty is obedience. 

Admiral Sir George Back, the veteran Arctic explorer, and a 
leading officer in the Society, returned thanks for " The Navy." 


The President next proposed the health of Professor Norden- 
skiold, of Stockholm, and of Mrs. Mary Somerville. The former 
received "the Founder's" Medal, for his Arctic discoveries; and 
to Mrs. Somerville, then in her eighty-ninth, year, had been 
awarded the Patron or Victoria Medal, for her scientific and 
astronomical researches, and her works on physical geography. 

Sir Eoderick then proposed the health of Professor Owen, and 
the Duke of Sutherland, and Dr. Bussell, who had been com- 
panions of the Prince in his Egyptian journey. Dr. Eussell had, 
through the Times, been the reporter and historian of the ex- 
pedition. The speech of Professor Owen was in happiest vein. 
Indeed, the whole of the speeches of the meeting, including those 
of Sir Francis Grant, the Duke of Sutherland, Dr. Eussell, and Sir 
Henry Eawlinson, who proposed the health of the President, 
made this a memorable anniversary of the Society. 

June 28th, 1869. 

ALL travellers on the London, Brighton and South Coast Eailway,- 
have admired the palatial and splendidly situated building near 
Eed Hill, Surrey, known as the Earlswood Asylum. It is an 
institution for the care and education of the idiot and imbecile. 
Everything that can be done by kindness and skill to ameliorate 
the lot of these classes, is here in exercise. By far the larger 
number show some capability of improvement, and not a few have 
learned some trade or industry, sufficient for their own support. 
There are now nearly 600 inmates, from all parts of the kingdom. 
At each half yearly election, there are about 150 applicants of whom 
the Board usually can elect 30 to 35. The receipts of last year 
were nearly 25,000, and the charity has 20,000 invested funds. 

The first stone of the Asylum was laid by the Prince Consort in 
1853, and the building was opened by him in 1855. To lay the 
first stone of additional buildings, on part of the 80 acres belong- 
ing to the Asylum, the presence of the Prince of Wales was asked, 
and was very cordially given. Accompanied by the Princess of 
Wales, he went to Earlswood for this purpose on the 28th of June, 
1869. The Mayor and the magistrates of Eeigate came to the 
Earlswood railway station with an address of welcome, to which 
the Prince made reply. 

Sir Charles Eeed, son of the Eev. Dr. Andrew Eeed, founder of 
the Institution (as he was of other important charities), conducted 
the Eoyal visitors to the gate of the Asylum, to which they had 
driven from the station. From the Board Eoom a procession was 
formed, to the place of laying the stone. Here another address 
was read, in reply to which t!ie Prince said : 


" My Lords and Gentlemen, I thank you for the kind expres- 
sions contained in your address. I cannot but rejoice that my 
presence should be considered an encouragement, and conducive 
to the prosperity of an institution that lays claim to our warmest 
support. Apart from all other considerations, the fact of my 
lamented father having taken so active a part in the early 
formation of the society would, in itself, be sufficient to enlist 
my sympathy and interest in its welfare. The necessity for 
affording more extended accommodation, in consequence of the 
increased number of applicants, is the best proof of the success 
which has followed your first efforts. We must all appreciate 
the comprehensive principle which regulates, without regard to 
social or religious distinction, the admission of all classes of our 
fellow-creatures suffering under an affliction which reduces them 
to one common level. Finally, I have to assure you, gentlemen, 
how sincerely I feel your expressions of devotion and attachment 
towards the Queen, the Princess of Wales, and the Royal family. 
I am persuaded they, equally with myself, will watch with 
increasing interest the success of an institution this day enlarged 
under such hopeful circumstances." 

The Treasurer then handed to the Prince a silver trowel, and 
Sir Charles Eeed, M.P., presented the mallet, which had been 
used by the Prince Consort on laying the first stone of the " Infant 
Orphan Asylum " at Wanstead, and which His Eoyal Highness 
had afterwards given to Dr. Andrew Eeed. A good supply of 
mortar having been brought to the Prince of Wales in a mahogany 
hod, His Eoyal Highness spread a sufficient quantity to make a 
setting for the stone. Then, amid cheering, the stone was slowly 
lowered, and the Prince tapped it with the mallet, tested it by 
rule and plumb, and amid a flourish of trumpets, followed by the 
National Anthem, pronounced it to be well and truly fixed. The 
Archbishop of Canterbury then offered an appropriate prayer, 
which was followed by a hymn, of which there was an instru- 
mental performance by the hand of the Grenadier Guards, while 
the words were sung by the entire company. 

The Prince and Princess then took their seats, and, to the 
March of King Christian IX., of Denmark, there was an interest- 
ing and, for the charity, a most gratifying procession. It was 
one of ladies, who to the number of 380 in single file ascended the 
dais where the Prince sat, and deposited in all 400 purses. The 
Prince had previously, immediately after fixing the stone, handed 
to the Treasurer, a check for a hundred guineas. A dejeuner 
followed, and planting of memorial trees and other festivities. 

( 73 ) 

July 7/i, 1869. 

Six centuries ago Lynn was, next to London, the chief port on the 
east coast. It is nearer than any other port to Holland and North 
Germany. In course of time the foreign trade of the place had 
fallen into decay, and the town itself was outstripped in business 
by Hull, Grimsby, Yarmouth, and other eastern seaports. A time 
of revival having come, it was considered that the prosperity of 
the ancient borough would be secured by the formation of docks 
and accommodation for foreign trade, as the manufacturing districts 
of the Midland Counties might be brought into connection with 
Lynn as the shortest route to Amsterdam, Rotterdnm, the Texel, 
and Hamburg. In hope of benefiting the trade and industry of 
the town, the Lynn Dock Company was formed, and obtained from 
Mr. Brunlees, C.E., the plans for a great dock, which in due time 
was completed, and was inaugurated by the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, on the 7th of July, 1869. 

Arriving from London, by special train of the Great Eastern 
Railway, the Eoyal visitors w ere received, with great ceremony, in 
the Council Room of the Town Hall of Lynn. An address was 
presented by the Recorder, in Mhich gratification was expressed at 
their Royal Highnesses having selected an abode in the neighbour- 
hood of the borough, and in showing their interest in its welfare 
by having graciously undertaken to inaugurate their new dock. 

His Royal Highness made the following reply : 

"Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, I thank you for this address, 
for the loyalty and attachment you express towards the Queen, 
and for the kind welcome you offer the Princess and myself. It 
is peculiarly gratifying to us to visit you on an occasion like the 
present. The revolutions of time and science would have had 
the same effects upon King's Lynn as upon other commercial 
ports but for the energies of the inhabitants. Without them 
its ancient name would have become interesting only for its 
antiquity. But in the centuiy in which we live it is permitted 
neither to town nor to community to rest quiet or to stand 
still. The energies I hav.e referred to, I have learned to 
appreciate from living in your neighbourhood, and, indeed, I 
have been called on to participate in them as regards the navi- 
gation of your waters. I fervently pray that the Dock we are 
about to open this day, may, under the fostering auspices of a 
beneficent Providence, open out new sources of wealth and 


commerce, shedding the blessings which are derived from them 
on your town, and contributing to the prosperity of our beloved 

The Eoyal party then visited the Grammar School, where the 
Prince received and responded to an address from the Masters and 
Scholars, and presented to the successful competitor the gold 
medal, given annually, through the munificence of the Prince, as 
a prize for classical and modern languages in alternate years. 
The Prince presented the prize, saying : 

" I have great pleasure in presenting you with this medal. 
On a former occasion I presented it at Sandringharn, but it is 
more pleasure to you to receive it among your schoolfellows. I 
hope this medal will contribute to your success in future life, 
and that it may be a stimulus to you for further exertion." 

On arriving at the Dock, the circumference of which was 
densely crowded, the Eoyal visitors were greeted with cheering, 
hell-ringing, and every demonstration of welcome. When it came 
to the ceremony of declaring the dock open, an agreeable surprise 
was added by the terms iu which the announcement was made : 


The announcement was received with vociferous acclamation. 
The Prince's intention had been signified to the Chairman of the 
Dock Company only a few minutes before, and was quite unknown 
to the mass of the spectators, who expressed their delight by 
repeated salvos of cheering. 

At a banquet afterwards given, when the toast of the Royal 
visitors was given, by Mr. Jarvis the President, the Prince said 
that he regarded King's Lynn as his country town, and should 
always feel the deepest interest in its welfare. 

July, 1869. 

THE annual show of the Eoyal Agricultural Society was held iu 
1869 at Manchester, which the Prince of Wales visited on the 
29th of July, accompanied by the Princess of Wales. 

There are some who remember the first visit of the Queen and 
Prince Consort to Manchester in 1851. The Eoyal party then 


proceeded along the canal to Worsley from Patricroft, where the 
wonderful engineering works of James Nasmyth were inspected. 
In 1869, the Prince and Princess of Wales were conducted along 
the same canal, but in reverse direction, the barge going from 
Worsley, through Patricroft, to Old Trafford. The Prince and 
Princess, with their host and hostess, the Earl and Countess of 
Ellesmere, drove from the Hall to the stage where the royal barge 
was waiting. A large flotilla of boats followed as a guard of honour, 
including some of the Manchester Eowing Clubs. It was a strange 
and picturesque canal scene, the barges being towed by horses 
ridden by postillions, and the towing path all along the route, for 
five or six miles, being kept clear by mounted patrols in livery. 
It was a great gala day in those densely peopled regions. 

In passing through Salford an address was presented by the 
Mayor, Aldermen, and burgesses of that borough, in the Reading 
Room of the Royal Museum. The address expressed the great 
pleasure experienced by this, the second visit of the Prince to 
their town, enhanced by the presence there, for the first time, 
of the Princess of Wales : " We cherish a lively and affectionate 
remembrance of the visit of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen 
to Peel-park in the year 1851, when she witnessed the assemblage 
of 80,000 Sunday-school scholars, and listened, not unmoved, 
while they sang the National Anthem. This event was com- 
memorated by the erection of a marble statue to Her Majesty in 
the park, which was publicly inaugurated by the late and much 
revered Prince Consort, who on that occasion inspected and mani- 
fested a deep interest in the free museum and library in the park. 
We deeply deplored the loss of the late Prince Consort, and erected 
a marble statue to his memory, in close proximity to that of the 
Queen, and near the spot where he stood when inaugurating the 
statue of Her Majesty." 

The Prince made the following reply : 

"Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, The Princess of Wales and 
myself thank you very cordially for your address, and for the 
sentiments you are good enough to express towards us. It is 
very gratifying to us to have the opportunity of paying you a 
visit, and to observe the evidences of the growing wealth and 
population which have raised Salford to the position she now 
occupies in the Empire. It will be highly satisfactory to the 
Queen to learn how deeply engraven on your hearts is the 
recollection of the visit she paid you in 1851, and how cherished 
and beloved is the memory of my lamented father. On my 
own part, I can but acknowledge the kindness of the terms in 
which you have alluded to my past years. For those which are 
to come I can only say that it will be the one effort of my life 


to merit the good opinion of the people I am so proud to call 
my fellow-countrymen." 

In driving through the park the Eoyal visitors had been con- 
ducted past the white marble statues of the Queen and the Prince 
Consort, and those of Richard Cobden and Joseph Brotherton. 
Leaving the park, the streets and ways being everywhere densely 
thronged, they reached the Manchester Town Hall, where another 
address was delivered, expressing joyous welcome from the loyal 
citizens, and especially the feelings of satisfaction at the presence 
of the Prince, as President of the Royal Agricultural Society, 
" believing the same to be an evidence of the deep interest 
manifested by your Royal Highness in the success of all move- 
ments which have for their object the advancement of art and 
science and the progress and welfare of the people of this great 
empire. It has been the special privilege of your Royal Highness 
to an unusual extent to visit and personally to become acquainted 
with other Courts and countries, and with distant portions of Her 
Majesty's dominions, and we rejoice to believe that the valuable 
experience thereby acquired gives to all classes of Her Majesty's 
subjects an assurance that your Royal Highness will ever be fore- 
most in all efforts to extend true liberty and civilization, and to 
develope those free institutions which are the pride and glory of 
our country." 

To which address the Prince replied : 

"Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, I thank you for the kind 
expressions of loyalty and devotion towards the Queen, the 
Princess of Wales, and myself contained in your address. I 
have gladly availed myself of the opportunity afforded me, in 
the fulfilment of my duties as President of the Eoyal Agri- 
cultural Society, to visit a city second to none in the Empire in 
commercial importance, to become better acquainted with its 
history, its locality, and the sources of its prosperity. The wise 
provision of my lamented father and of the Queen, my dear 
mother, has secured for me at an early age the advantages of 
visiting he centres of the world, the most remarkable and the 
most deserving of study for their interest and for their develop- 
ment of the elements of wealth. In admiring, and, I trust, 
appreciating, the successful result that has distinguished foreign 
exertions, I have also learnt to look with increased admiration 
on those wonderful works of human ingenuity, perseverance, 
and industry, the products of the heads and hands of my own 
countrymen, and especially of those who now surround me. 
May we all be grateful, gentlemen, to a superintending Provi- 


dence, which has blessed the efforts of our commercial enterprise 
and the free institutions of our country, themselves a pledge 
of our future prosperity." 

The Prince presided at a general meeting of the Council of the 
Society, and opened the proceedings by a brief speech which was 
loudly applauded. He also received in his own marquee a 
numerous deputation from the Agricultural Society of France. 
At the close of the meeting the Royal visitors drove to a station 
on the Manchester South Junction line, where a train was waiting 
to take them to Brough, near Hull, via Norman ton ; the Prince 
having engaged to be at Hull in the afternoon in order to 
inaugurate the new Western Dock at that town. 

The principal object of the Prince's visit was to see the Royal 
Agricultural Show, the members mustering in great force for the 
occasion from all parts of England. At the midday luncheon the 
Chairman, the Earl of Sefton, gave the toast of " The Queen," 
who was deeply interested in the agricultural affairs of the 
Kingdom, and set the practical example of being an exhibitor at 
the present Show. The Chairman next proposed " The Health of 
their Royal Highnesses the Prince and Princess of Wales." He 
said the present toast should be the last. He had to ask them to 
drink to the health of the President of the Royal Agricultural 
Society of England, His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, 
coupled with the toast of Her Royal Highness the Princess of 
Wales. He had looked forward to this meeting for a long time, 
and it was with the greatest pride they learnt that it was to be 
held under the presidency of His Royal Highness. The reception 
their Royal Highnesses met with the day previous and that day 
sufficiently testified to the loyalty and attachment of the people of 
this country to the Crown. It was difficult to allude to the good 
qualities of His Royal Highness, but he was ever foremost in the 
furtherance of works of charity and usefulness. They also 
experienced the warmest attachment and the truest loyalty 
towards the Princess. 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, in replying, said : 

" I thank you from the bottom of my heart for the kind way 
in which you have received this toast. My health has been 
proposed twofold first for myself, and also in my position as 
President of the Royal Agricultural Society of England. I can 
assure you it was great honour that was conferred upon me- 
when I was asked to assume this presidency, and my only 
regret is that this office has been a mere nominal one, and that 
I have not been able to be of so much use as I should have 
liked. At the same time I feel a pride in being President of a 
Society which has existed for so long, and which is one of the 


greatest agricultural societies anywhere, always helping forward 
improvements in agriculture. It was a great satisfaction to 
this Society to hold one of its annual meetings at Manchester, 
one of the greatest manufacturing towns of England. It is my 
duty as President of the Society to return, in the name of the 
Society, our most cordial and our warmest thanks for the 
extensive and liberal way in which the local committee have 
made their arrangements. It is to them we owe this magni- 
ficent entertainment in this fine tent, and also the excellent 
arrangements which we see before us. Lord Sefton told us not 
to make many speeches or long ones. I will, therefore, not 
make any further remarks, but, before sitting down, allow me 
to thank you in the name of the Princess for the kind way in 
which you have received her. I can assure you it has given 
her great pleasure to be present at this second visit to the Eoyal 
Agricultural Society, and this her first visit to Manchester. We 
both feel deeply grateful for the kind and hearty welcome which 
we have received, not only from Manchester^ but from the 
inhabitants of Lancashire." 


July 23rd, 1869. 

THE best memorials of George Peabody, American citizen and 
philanthropist, are the piles of buildings which stand as monu- 
ments of his generous liberality, and of his desire to advance the 
physical and moral welfare of the poor of London. He received 
from the Queen of England, and from many public and official 
bodies, warm recognition of his beneficence. But it was also fitting 
and right that in some public place a Statue should be erected, to 
perpetuate his name and his likeness, as well as to commemorate 
his good deeds. The citizens of London, headed by all the leading 
men of the Metropolis, subscribed for the Statue, which now adorns 
the site on the east of the Eoyal Exchange. The Prince of Wales, 
having consented to perform the ceremony of unveiling the Statue, 
was received at the Mansion House by the Lord Mayor, where 
a distinguished company had assembled. In response to the toast 
of his health, the Prince said : 


" I thank you for the compliment you have paid me in drink- 
ing my health. I assure you it is always a pleasure to me to be 
present here at the Mansion-house. It is not, indeed, the first 
time I have received the hospitality of the Lord Mayor and of 
the City of London. We are assembled to take part in a great 
ceremony, and I accepted with much pleasure the invitation and 
the privilege of unveiling the statue of Mr. George Peabody. 
After the appropriate remarks the Lord Mayor has made 
concerning him I have little to say except to indorse what has 
been so well expressed by his Lordship. He is a man whose 
name will go down to posterity as a great philanthropist, and 
you, my Lord Mayor, and the citizens of London in particular, 
can never be sufficiently grateful to him for what he has done." 

After the luncheon His Eoyal Highness was escorted to the site 
of the memorial. Here Sir Benjamin Phillips, Chairman of the 
Committee, addressed the Prince, concluding with these words : 
" Let us hope that this statue, erected by the sons of free England 
to the honour of one of Columbia's truest and noblest citizens, may 
be symbolical of the peace and goodwill that exist between the 
two countries, and that a people springing from the same stock, 
speaking the same language, and inspired and animated by 
the same love of freedom and progress may live in uninterrupted 
friendship and happiness. Your Royal Highness may remember 
the language so beautifully expressed by George Peabody, in the 
letter that accompanied his last noble gift, when, speaking of 
America he said, ' I will pray that Almighty God will give to it a 
future as happy and noble in the intelligence and virtue of its 
citizens as it will be glorious in unexampled power and pros- 
perity.' Your Eoyal Highness, these are the sentiments uttered 
by a man of ripe age, and alike applicable to the land of his birth 
and to the country of his adoption. May they inspire us, may 
they animate us, and may they find an echo throughout the length 
and breadth of our own free and happy homes." 

His Eoyal Highness the Prince of Wales than presented himself 
to speak, and was hailed with enthusiastic cheers. He said : 

" Sir Benjamin Phillips, my Lord Mayor, Ladies, and 
Gentlemen, I feel sure that all those who have heard the 
words which have just been uttered cannot but be gratified with 
what has been said. Allow me to say to you that among the 
many duties which I have to perform, and which I have the 
privilege of performing, none could have given me greater 
pleasure than to assist and take part in the unveiling of this 


statue on this occasion. The name of George Peabody is so 
well known to all of you that really I feel some difficulty in 
saying anything new of that remarkable man ; but, at the same 
time, it affords me the deepest gratification to join in paying a 
mark of tribute and respect to the name of that great American 
citizen and philanthropist I may say, that citizen of the world. 
England can never adequately pay the debt of gratitude which 
she owes to him London especially, where his wonderful 
charity has been so liberally distributed. For a man not born 
in this country to give a sum, I believe, more than a quarter of 
a million of pounds sterling for purposes of benevolence is a 
fact unexampled. His name will go down to posterity as one 
who, as Sir Benjamin Phillips so justly remarked, has tried to 
ameliorate the condition of his poorer fellow-citizens, and 
especially to benefit their moral and social character. I have 
not yet had the opportunity of seeing the statue which is about 
to be unveiled, but having had the privilege of knowing the 
sculptor, Mr. Story, for a space of now about ten years, I feel 
sure it will be one worthy of his reputation, aud worthy also of 
the man to whom it is dedicated. Before concluding the few 
imperfect remarks which I have ventured to address to you, let 
me thank Mr. Motley, the American Minister, for his presence 
on this occasion, and assure him what pleasure it gives me to 
take part in this great and I might almost say, national 
ceremonial of paying a tribute to the name of his great and 
distinguished countryman. Be assured that the feelings which 
I personally entertain towards America are the same as they 
ever were. I can never forget the reception which I had 
there nine years ago, and my earnest wish and hope is that 
England and America may go hand in hand in peace and 

At the conclusion of His Royal Highness's address the Statue was 
uncovered, and at a signal from the Lord Mayor a loud and 
prolonged cheer was raised on its being exposed to view. 

His Excellency, the American Minister, then addressed the vast 
audience. He said, towards the close of his speech, " It is a delight- 
ful thought that the tens of thousands who daily throng this 
crowded mart will see him almost as accurately as if in the flesh, 
and that generations after generations that long, yet unborn, but 
I fear, never ending procession of London's poor will be almost as- 
familiar in the future with the form and features of their great 


"benefactor as are those of us who have enjoyed his acquaintance 
anil friendship in life." 

Mr. Story, the sculptor, having been called on, said he had no 
speech to make. He added, significantly pointing to the Statue, 
" That is my speech," a remark which occasioned much merri- 
ment and cheering. 

The ceremony was then brought to a close, and the Prince took 
his leave. His Royal Highness, as he did so, was repeatedly 

November 30th, 1869. 

THE Scottish Corporation is commonly called the Scottish Hospital, 
but this is rather misleading as to the uses of the charity. Its objects 
are to assist, by pensions, poor aged natives of Scotland living in 
London, to afford temporary relief to Scotchmen in distress, or to 
aid them to return to their own country ; and also to educate poor 
Scottish children. The last-named object is also carried out by a 
kindred institution, the Royal Caledonian Asylum, which receives 
some children of indigent Scotchmen in London, although its main 
purpose is the maintenance and education of children of soldiers, 
sailors, and marines, natives of Caledonia. The Scottish Hospital 
possesses funded property to the amount of 40,000, and the 
annual receipts are about 5000. In trust to the Scottish Hospital 
there is also attached the " Kinloch Bequest," for granting pensions 
to Scottish soldiers and sailors, resident in the United Kingdom, 
who have been wounded or have lost their sight in the service of 
the country, and whose incomes do not exceed 20 from other 

The anniversary festival of the Scottish Corporation is always 
held on the 30th of November, St. Andrew's day. In 1869 His 
Royal Highness the Prince of Wales presided at the dinner. The 
guests at this festival are mostly Scottish, and a large muster of 
Highland Chiefs and Lowland Lairds, as well as prosperous 
Scotchmen of London, supported the Royal chairman upon this 
occasion. Prince Christian and other distinguished visitors were 
also present. Many of the stewards wore the garb of old Gaul, 
and the tartans, scarves, flags, and decorations made the Hall of 
the Freemasons' Tavern assume a national appearance. The 
" bagpipes " were also in honourable use, the Prince being con- 
ducted to the chair to the tune of the Highland laddie, played by the 
Queen's piper, the Prince's first piper, and the piper of the Royal 
Caledonian Asylum. The Prince had previously been received by 
a guard of honour of the London Artillery, whose band played the 
National Anthem, while the band of the London Scottish Volun- 
teers performed a selection of Scotch music during the dinner. 



The three pipers also, at intervals, paraded the hall, and regaled 
the guests with their stirring strains. 

The health of the Queen was drunk with enthusiasm, specially 
as the patroness of the Scottish Hospital. To the toast of " the 
Princess of Wales and the rest of the Eoyal Family," proposed by 
the Duke of Koxburghe, the Prince responded, and then gave : " The 
Army, Navy, Militia, and Volunteers," referring in his speech to 
the Kinloch Bequest, which provides pensions for about 400 
disabled soldiers and sailors. A Scotch vocalist, Mr. Maclagan, 
sang " Scots wha hae wi' Wallace bled." Then the Prince rose to 
give the toast of " Prosperity to the Scottish Hospital " : 

" Your Eoyal Highness, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I have 
now to give you the toast of the evening : ' Prosperity to the 
Scottish Hospital.' I feel assured that it is a toast which 
the numerous assembly I see before me will drink in bumpers. 
As you know, the Queen is patroness of this hospital ; she has 
been so for thirty-seven years, and she has contributed to its 
funds between 3000 and 4000. At twenty different anni- 
versaries the late King William, as Duke of Clarence, presided. 
The Duke of Kent, the Duke of Sussex, and the Duke of 
Cambridge also presided at various anniversaries, and contri- 
buted largely to the funds of the hospital. 

" The hospital, as no doubt most of you know, was originally 
founded in the reign of James I. Its first charter was given to 
it by Charles II., in 1665, and a second charter of incorpora- 
tion was granted by the same Monarch, in 1676, containing 
more extended privileges. It became necessary, however, to 
enable the corporation to extend its relief, to obtain a new 
charter, which was granted by King George I., in 1715. 

" By the paper which has been placed in my hands I observe 
the pensions which are contributed by this ancient corporation 
are very numerous. I see that a sum is set apart for the support 
of five persons exceeding 65 years of age who have occupied a 
respectable social position, and who have a permanent income 
of not less than 15, but not more than 30 per annum ; for 
20 poor and infirm persons exceeding 72 years of age, to whom 
a pension of 15 each per annum is allowed ; for 110 above 68, 
to whom a pension of 12 each is allowed. Pensions of 6 are 
granted to 50 persons selected from the casual list. Monthly 
casual relief to upwards of 200 is awarded by the committee, 
and free passages to Scotland are given to such as require them. 


"The charity of the Scottish Hospital is applicable to the 
poor natives of Scotland and their children resident in the 
Metropolis and its immediate neighbourhood, who, not being in 
receipt of parochial relief in this country, would in age and 
poverty, in sickness or distress, or when in want of employ- 
ment, be exposed to the utmost wretchedness, or to discreditable 
beggary, but for the fostering relief afforded them by this 
institution. Those natives of Scotland resident in London who 
may desire to spend the remainder of their days in Scotland 
have free passages granted to them by the corporation. From 
the accumulation of a subscription which was raised in India 
thirty years ago the corporation is also enabled to allot 120 a 
year to the ministers and Kirk Sessions of the several congre- 
gations of the Scottish churches in London and Westminster, 
for the purpose of affording education to the children of Scottish 
parents at the schools attached to these churches. 

" I am happy to say that the Scottish Hospital is in a more 
prosperous state this year than at any former period. But at 
the same time further demands have been made upon its funds. 
The claims during the past year have been in excess of any 
previous year, and several of the cases relieved have been of a 
very pressing and urgent nature. Pensions of 6, 12, 15, 
and 25 per annum have been granted to nearly 200 respectable 
men and women, whose means of support have been greatly 
increased by the timely aid afforded. Nearly 300 monthly 
applicants have had sums given to them by the directors, in 
several instances amounting to 5 at one time. In addition to 
these, more than 1300 persons have had casual assistance at 
the office of the corporation. Passages to Scotland have been 
granted to about 200 deserving persons. But for the inter- 
vention of this corporation many would have been compelled to 
apply to an English parish for relief, and by doing so would 
have lost that feeling of independence which every Scotsman 
cherishes and desires to maintain. Upwards of 208 children of 
Scottish parents resident in the Metropolis have during the 
year been educated at the expense of the corporation. Soldiers 
and sailors, natives of Scotland, to the number of nearly 40 0, 
have been in receipt of pensions from the Kinloch Bequest. 

" Although the facts must be known to most of you. I have 

G 2 


nevertheless thought it necessary to mention a few of them in 
order to stimulate your generosity this evening, and induce you 
to contribute as largely as you can for the benefit of this ex- 
cellent charity. I hope you will drink the toast of ' Prosperity 
to the Scottish Hospital ' in full bumpers. I have great pleasure 
in coupling with the toast the name of the noble Duke on my 
left, who has been president for four successive years." 

The Duke of Roxburghe, in responding to the toast, announced 
that His Eoyal Highness had kindly consented to allow his name 
to appear as that of President of the Corporation for the ensuing 
year. As Duke of Rothesay he had a "warm welcome that evening, 
and in the name of his brother Scotchmen he gave his heartfelt 
thanks for appearing among them. " Nay more, I thank him in 
the name of the aged recipients of this great charity, many of 
whom have seen better days, but who now, bowed down by 
poverty, look to you for assistance in the hour of need. I also 
thank His Royal Highness in the name of all whose sorrows have 
been lessened, and whose homes have been brightened, by the 
ministrations of this Society." He proposed the health of the 
Prince of Wales. 

The toast was drunk with " Highland honours." His Royal 
Highness, who was loudly cheered, said : 

"Your Eoyal Highness, my Lords, and Gentlemen, Allow 
me to return you my most hearty thanks for the excessively 
kind way in which my health has been proposed and re- 
ceived by you. On any ordinary occasion I should have 
been deeply gratified by the kind feeling displayed towards me, 
but I am deeply touched by the enthusiasm you have mani- 
fested just now in drinking my health with Highland honours. 
I can only say it has afforded me great pleasure to preside here 
this evening. Although for some years past the Duke of 
Roxburghe asked me to take the chair, different circumstances 
unfortunately prevented me being absent from the country 
two years ago and again last year being on the Continent. I 
feel, therefore, exceedingly happy that I have been enabled to 
be present this evening, and to discharge what I have found to 
be the very easy duties of chairman. My lords and gentlemen, 
let me thank you once more for the honour you have done me 
in drinking my health, and for the support you have given me 
this evening." 


His Royal Highness then announced that telegrams had been 
received during the evening from meetings with similar objects 
held in New York, Glasgow, Belfast, Ipswich, and Aberdeen, and 
answers had been returned expressive of kindly feeling to the 
different associations. The secretary then read a list of contribu- 
tions received, among which were 100 guineas from Her Majesty 
the Queen, 100 guineas from His Eoyal Highness the Prince of 
Wales, 100 guineas from the Highland Society of London, 300 
guineas from the Caledonian Society of London in. all about 
2500, being by far the largest subscription received at any 
anniversary of the .Scottish Hospital. 

March 30th, 1870. 

THE seventy-second anniversary festival of this institution was 
held at Freemason's Hall on the 30th of March, 1870. The Prince 
of Wales presided, and was supported by Earl de Grey and Eipon, 
G. M. elect, the Duke of Manchester, the Earl of Jersey, Earl 
Percy, the Marquis of Hartington, and a numerous company of 
above six hundred brethren, all of whom wore dress of the craft. 
The galleries were crowded with ladies. 

After dinner His Royal Highness, in giving the toast of " The 
Queen," said that Her Majesty had been patroness of the institu- 
tion since 1852, and on this occasion sent a donation of a hundred 
guineas, in addition to the annual subscription. 

The next toast was " The health of the Earl of Zetland," the 
retiring Grand Master, who had held the honourable and useful 
post for more than a quarter of a centuiy. The Grand Master 
elect, the Earl of Ripon, in giving the toast of the Prince and 
the Princess of Wales, said that the Prince had entered the craft 
determined to discharge his duties to the fullest extent, and he 
had taken the earliest opportunity of presiding at one of the 
festivals of the craft. The Prince of Wales, in responding, said : 

"Brethren, I feel deeply touched by the excessively kind 
manner in which this toast has been received by you. I wish 
to take this opportunity of thanking you for the kind reception 
you have given me this evening, and I desire especially to ex- 
press to you the pride I feel at being so heartily received among 
you as a brother Mason. I feel deeply grateful for the kind 
words which have fallen from the Deputy Grand Master, and I 
can assure him and you of my desire to follow the footsteps of 


my grand uncles, who were so long connected with the craft. 
Brethren, much has been said against Freemasonry by those who 
do not know what it is. People naturally say they do not 
approve secret societies ; but I maintain that the craft is free 
from the reproach of being either disloyal or irreligious ; and I 
am sure you will all support me in that assertion, for I am 
convinced that Her Majesty has no more loyal subjects than 
are the Freemasons of England. Brethren, I desire to remind 
you that when, about 70 years ago, it became necessary for the 
Government of that day to put down secret societies, my rela- 
tive the late Duke of Sussex urged in his place in Parliament 
that Freemasons' lodges ought to be exempt from such a law, 
and the force of his appeal was acknowledged. From that time 
Freemasonry has been devoid of politics, its only object being 
the pure and Christian one of charity. Brethren, I once more 
thank you heartily for the welcome you have given me this 
evening, and let me assure you that the interests of Freemasonry 
shall be always upheld and respected by me." 

Other toasts, usual at Masonic festivals, having been given, the 
Prince of Wales proposed success to the institution, and made a 
statement respecting its position and progress : 

" Freemasons had fully recognized the importance of educa- 
tion a subject which had of late so much occupied the public 
mind and had founded many schools. The Eoyal Masonic 
Institution for Boys was founded in 1798, when six boys were 
admitted. In 1810, when the jubilee of the reign of George III. 
was celebrated, the number was increased to 50, and now there 
were 110 in the school. The total cost of the new building had 
been 47,000 of which 5000 was still owing, while there were 
other matters which raised the total liability to 10,200. There 
were now 155 candidates for admission, but there were only 
nine vacancies, although 20 more boys could be admitted if the 
institution was free from debt. He was sure he had only to 
mention these facts to so distinguished an assemblage of 
Masons to insure a response which would greatly forward the 
prosperity of the institution." 

( 87 ) 


April 4th, 1870. 

IN everything pertaining to Exhibitions, national or international, 
the Prince of Wales has never grown weary, even when the public 
interest has seemed to flag. On the 4th of April, 1870, His Eoyal 
Highness presided at the rooms of the Society of Arts, in con- 
nection with the " Educational Section " of a series of proposed 
International Exhibitions. On rising to open the proceedings, the 
Prince said : 

"We are assembled here for the purpose of organizing the 
educational section of the Exhibition to be held in 1871. I 
appear before you on this occasion in a double capacity, for I 
hold the position of President of your Society, and I am 
President of the Eoyal Commission of 1851, having succeeded 
in this post the late lamented Lord Derby, whose name will 
always be remembered among the names of our great statesmen, 
and who will be greatly missed from that Commission, the 
interest of which he had so much at heart. 

"The long-standing connection of the Society of Arts with 
Exhibitions is well known, and in these very rooms the Exhibi- 
tions of 1851 and 1862 were first planned. This Society is, I 
consider, well qualified to deal with the subject before it, and I 
assure you that it is a great gratification to me to preside here 
and show that I am entirely alive to the great question of the 
day that of education. 

" I have now to state that the meeting to-day is of members 
of a large Committee, of persons eminent in their various stations 
for the interest they have displayed in education, and that it 
has been appointed without reference to politics, party, denomi- 
nation, or social position, for the purpose of obtaining the best 
possible representation in 1871 of the various materials and 
apparatus used in teaching, and exhibiting, as far as practicable, 
the results of the many systems of instruction which are in 
operation in this country and in other nations of the world. 
Under the first class we find such objects as affect the sanitary 
condition of schools the desks and stools used, maps and 
globes, books, pictures, scientific diagrams, objects of natural 
history, and the like. Under the second class will be shown 


illustrations of modes - of teaching, drawing, reading, writing, 
music, and gymnastics, and the interesting work of educating 
those whom nature has deprived of sight, speech, and hearing, 
with examples of the successful results. 

" In this Exhibition of Education, foreigners as well as British 
subjects will take their share, and I am happy to say that 
Sweden has already applied for permission to exhibit a full- 
sized model of one of its parish schools. The duty of this 
Committee is to see that such work as I have sketched out shall 
be completely accomplished, that exhibitors shall come forward 
and offer their productions, that the best only shall be selected 
for exhibition, and that discussions on systems of instruction 
shall be organized. I indulge a sanguine hope that the labours, 
of this Committee may teach lessons which will lead to tha 
improvement of the quality of primary education, and to the 
extension of that secondary instruction in science and art so 
much needed for the industrial progress of this country, a. 
necessity proved at the Exhibition of 1851, originated and 
conducted by my illustrious father, and confirmed again in 
1862, and at Paris in 1867, where our own artisans showed by 
their remarkable reports how strong were their convictions on 
this point. Difficulties there are, as there must ever be, in tha 
completion of a great work, and here I am reminded how fully 
the difficulties connected with this work of education wera 
appreciated by my father as long ago as 1851. But my visit 
with the Princess of Wales to the Middle Class Schools in the 
City of London on Wednesday last, and the reports on Faver- 
sham School and the District Union Schools of the Metropolis, 
which have been published by our Society, lead me on to hopa 
that even these difficulties may admit of solution. 

" By improved organization of schools and teaching power, I 
think that it is shown that instruction may be so given as to. 
enable earning and learning to go hand-in-hand together. I 
close these few remarks by bidding ' God speed ' to this Com- 
mittee in the great work that is before them. Two resolutions, 
will be offered for your acceptance, and any explanation which 
may seem necessary will be afforded." 

The resolutions, moved by Sir John Pakington, and by the 
Hon. W. Cowper Temple, were to the effect that the meeting 


warmly approved of the proposed International Educational 
Exhibition, which would not only receive His Eoyal Highness's 
sanction, but his personal assistance and co-operation. It waa 
explained that the feature of these Exhibitions would be the 
arrangement of objects illustrating the progress of art and 
industry, not according to countries, but according to classes. On 
the proposal of a vote of thanks to the chairman of the meeting, 
the Prince said : 

"I require and desire no thanks at all. It has given nie 
great pleasure to be here to open the proceedings, and I cordially 
thank all the gentlemen who have so kindly supported me on 
tliis occasion. I beg again to assure you that I take a very deep 
interest in this question that of education, and that I shall be 
always ready to give my hearty co-operation on a subject of this 
important bearing." 

May IGth, 1870. 

THIS Fund grants relief in annuities to members of the dramatic 
profession, to singers and dancers, and also to the widows and 
orphans of members. At present, upwards of 2000 annually is 
paid to fifty annuitants. The invested capital is about 12,000. 
The institution has the merit of not being a mere charity, but is 
largely supported by the actors themselves. In this respect it 
holds a more honourable position than even the Royal Literary 
Fund ; no attempt to establish a guild for mutual help among men 
of letters having, as yet, been successful. 

The Theatrical Fund was established as long ago as 1839 by a 
few actors, and was incorporated by Koyal charter in 1853. Part 
of the income comes from subscribers to the fund ; but it is 
necessary also to appeal to the public, in the method common to 
all charities ; the resources of the profession not being sufficient 
to maintain a mutual insurance society on financial unaided by 
benevolent principles. 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales presided at the 25th 
anniversary festival of the Fund at St. James's Hall on the 16th of 
May, 1870. There was a large attendance, including the leading 
members of the profession, and some zealous supporters of the 
drama, among whom were the Nawab Nazim of Bengal, with his 
two sons, the Princes Ali and Suleiman. Grace having been sung 
after dinner the Prince gave " The Health of Her Majesty the 
Queen,' : the patroness of this institution, and an annual subscriber 
to its funds. The Duke of Sutherland, in proposing the health of 


" The Prince and Princess of "Wales, and other members of the 
Eoyal Family," adverted to the constant support given by their 
Eoyal Highnesses to the drama. 

The Prince of Wales, in returning thanks, said " he rejoiced 
that ever since his childhood he had had opportunities of going 
to the theatre and witnessing some of the most excellent plays, 
and appreciating the performances of some of the best actors of 
the present day, many of whom he saw on either side and before 
him on this occasion. The few remarks he had to make regard- 
ing this most excellent fund must be reserved till a later period 
of the evening, and therefore he would not then detain the 
company ; but he must observe that not only had the Princess 
and himself derived considerable amusement from what they 
had witnessed at the theatres, but they had given their patronage 
to the drama because it was their wish to encourage a noble 

The usual toast of the Army, Navy, and Volunteers having 
been given and responded to, the Prince rose, and said : 

" The toast which he had now to propose was the so-called 
toast of the evening, which was 'Prosperity to the Eoyal 
General Theatrical Fund.' It afforded him great pleasure to 
propose this toast, and when he saw the numerous assembly 
before him he felt no doubt of the great interest taken by all 
present in this excellent charity. What charity, he asked, could 
be more deserving of support? When they considered how 
much amusement and pleasure they all derived by going to the 
theatre, did it ever occur to them that it was to the actors and 
actresses a life of drudgery and hardship ? Those same actors 
and actresses who appeared in some comic character might have 
near and dear relations lying sick at home. Then, also, when a 
time of life arrived in the course of nature in which they were 
unable longer to appear upon the stage ought they to be left to 
starve ? Certainly not, and it was to prevent aged actors who 
were incapable of work from starving, that this fund had been 

"This charity was still more meritorious, because it was 
supported by the actors themselves. The charity was established 
in 1839 by a few London actors, and in 1853 it was incorporated 
by Royal charter. The fund was raised to provide annuities for 


aged and decayed members of the charity, and in special cases 
for granting temporary assistance to the families of deceased 
members. Any member of the profession, on the payment of a 
small annual subscription, ranging from 21s. 4d. to 28 9s. 
a year, according to a special scale, provided he had been per- 
forming three years in a theatre licensed by the Lord Chamber- 
lain or by the local magistrates, was eligible to receive the 
benefits of the fund, but no member had a claim unless he had 
been a subscriber for seven years. Should he then be incapaci- 
tated from further work, he had the option of either receiving a 
life annuity or one-half the payments made by him while a 
subscriber. On his death an allowance of 10 was granted 
towards defraying funeral expenses. At 60 years of age any 
member was at liberty to claim an annuity if he had subscribed 
to the fund for 12 years, and female members were allowed to 
cease their subscriptions when 55 years old. Since the opening 
of the charity 322 members of the profession had been admitted 
associates. To 61 of these life pensions had been granted, 
varying from 30 to 90 a year. In 1846, the first year in 
which pensions were granted, the receipts amounted to 565, 
and the annuities to 98. Last year the total income was 
1370, and the amount expended in pensions was 1614. The 
receipts of 1869 therefore exceeded those of 1846 by 805, and 
the pensions, &c., by 1516. Again, while in 1846 only seven 
members received annuities, the number of annuitants had 
increased to 33 in 1869. The total disbursements, however, 
of last year exceeded the income by 368, and it had been 
found necessary therefore to draw that sum from the reserve 

" These few remarks would perhaps induce those who heard 
him to come forward liberally to the assistance of the charity, 
and to make up the 300 which it had been necessary to draw 
from the reserve fund. His Eoyal Highness concluded by 
calling upon the company to drink ' Prosperity to the General 
Theatrical Fund,' coupled with the name of one who, he was 
sure, they would receive with the greatest enthusiasm, as he 
was one of their oldest and ablest actors. He had known Mr. 
Buckstone personally ever since his childhood, and had repeatedly 
laughed and roared at his drollery and humour." 


Mr. Buckstone made a very amusing and characteristic speech, 
but with good sense underlying the drollery. With regard to 
the presence of the Prince in the chair, he said : " That His Royal 
Highness is a constant and warm supporter of the drama is evident 
from his frequent visits with the Princess to all the London 
theatres, and his ready appreciation of every worthy novelty. 
This taste for the drama may in some measure be attributed to 
his early introduction to dramatic art at Windsor Castle, where, 
on having the honour of appearing there by invitation of Her 
Majesty and the lamented Prince Consort, I have frequently seen 
His Eoyal Highness with his brothers and sisters, seated at the 
feet of their father and mother, witnessing with delight the 
various representations. 

" The members of our fund cannot be too grateful for the kind- 
ness and goodness of heart which have induced His Royal Highness 
to come here to-night, as the calls upon his time have now become 
so many, and the duties he has to perform so numerous and 
fatiguing, that we can only wonder how he gets through them all. 
Even within these few days he has held a levee ; on Saturday last 
he patronized a performance at Drury-lane in aid of the Dramatic 
College ; then had to run away to Freemasons' -hall to be present 
at the installation of the Grand Master ; and now we find him in 
the chair this evening ; so what with conversaziones, laying founda- 
tion stones, opening schools, and other calls upon his little leisure, 
I think he may be looked upon as one of the hardest working men 
in Her Majesty's dominions. Still, it is this ready kindness that 
endears him to the nation, as the Princess, by her charming 
qualities, is so firmly fixed in the heart of every Englishman and 

"And now, my Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, I must inform 
you that Her Gracious Majesty has again sent us her handsome 
donation of 100 ; and although, unfortunately, she does not now 
visit our theatres, yet she does not forget us ; and so, my Lords, 
Ladies, and Gentlemen, with such a truly Royal example before 
you, I can only conclude by hoping that, according to your 
generous feelings and your worldly means, you will come and do 

Lord W. Lennox proposed " The Visitors," coupling with it the 
health of the Nawab Nazim of Bengal, who during his residence 
in England had identified himself with the charities of this 
country. The Nawab had been a liberal patron of theatrical 
performances, and had, he understood, only one subject of regret 
in connection with our London theatres that the plays of Shake- 
speare were not more frequently performed in them. The 
subscriptions of the evening amounted to 700, including 100 
from the Prince of Wales, and 50 from the Nawab Nazim of 

( 93 ) 

May 26th, 1870. 

ON the 26th of May, 1870, a public meeting was held at the 
Queen's Concert Eooms, Hanover Square, in aid of the funds of 
St. George's Hospital, especially with the view of enabling the 
Governors to open the wards of the new wing. The meeting was 
one of unusual interest, not only from the wide publicity given to 
the claims of the institution, but also from the announcement that 
His Eoyal Highness the Prince of Wales would preside, and from 
the high distinction of the speakers who were to take part in the 
proceedings. The Princess of Wales manifested her interest in 
the charity by accompanying the Prince to the meeting. The 
room was densely crowded, and a number of distinguished persons 
were in the company. 

His Koyal Highness, on taking the chair, said : 

"My Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, Before opening the 
proceedings of this meeting, allow me to express to you the 
satisfaction I have in being able to accept the invitation to 
preside at a meeting to-day which has for its aim such excellent 
and important objects. We are met here to-day to discuss 
whether it is expedient to open the new wing that has been 
added to St. George's Hospital. Last year a meeting was held 
for the same purpose for which we are met to-day, and it was 
then thought that the subscriptions, although they were to a 
great extent liberal subscriptions, were not sufficient in amount 
to authorize the Governors of the Hospital to open the new 
wing. It has also been much discussed whether it was not an 
extravagance on the part of the authorities to build this new 
wing. I must say and I think I speak for tbose on my right 
and left that the authorities did perfectly right in building 
that wing, as a piece of ground had been presented to them at a 
nominal rent by the late lamented Marquis of Westminster, 
who always came forward voluntarily to assist any great and 
important work. Besides that, a further sum of 5000 was 
given by Miss Williams to the building fund. 

" As regards this wing, we all know that St. George's Hospital 
lies near the South- Western and Great Western districts. We 
also know that it lies within the precincts of Kensington, May- 
fair, and Belgravia. One would have thought that there would 


have been no difficulty, and that the large number of inhabi- 
tants in those parts, who are increasing monthly, and even 
weekly, would have been able to come forward and contribute 
sufficiently to this excellent institution. 

" It has been said that the Hospital of St. George is a rich 
one, but that is a great mistake. One would indeed think that 
it would be rich from its important position, and when one 
remembers how full its wards invariably are. To go back to 
the new wing. After all, it is not a very large sum that is 
required to maintain these wards. The sum only amounts to 
2500 a year. Is it not, therefore, a scandal, ladies and gentle- 
men, that for the sake of this small sum we cannot use forty- 
eight beds in that wing ? The Hospital itself is in want of 
money, as I will prove by stating that last year the expenditure 
amounted to as much as 20,000, while the income was only 
15,000. In order, therefore, to make up the deficiency, 5000 
had to be sold out of capital. That will be the case this year, 
and it may be the same in future years. The capital thus 
diminishing, the income will naturally be smaller, and in that 
way this excellent Hospital, which is most admirably cared for, 
which has the very best surgeons and physicians one of whom, 
Mr. Prescott Hewett, I know personally will sustain a yearly 
diminution of its usefulness. In this way, if the public do not 
come forward liberally we shall see one of the most excellent 
and important hospitals in London becoming, year by year, in a 
more difficult position with regard to funds. 

" I am here to state what I am not sure is known to all of 
you, that, with the exception of one hospital, the average cost 
of beds at the St. George's Hospital is less than in any other hos- 
pital in London. The authorities of the Hospital are not even 
satisfied with that, and, I believe, intend to appoint a committee 
to inquire still more closely and rigidly into the expenditure, in 
order to do their utmost to lessen that expenditure. 

" My Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, The address I have to 
make to you is brief. I feel convinced that the gentlemen on 
this platform will advocate the claims of the Hospital in longer, 
more detailed, and more able statements than I have made; 
but I am sure that none can feel more strongly than I do the 
importance of this meeting. I feel certain also that the public 


at large, if they will only take the trouble to reflect, will come 
to our aid. Only to-day I read an excellent leading article in 
the Times in support of the objects of this meeting. I thank 
you once more for the kind way in which you have received 
me, but let me say before I sit down that a most excellent 
example has been set us by a lady who has consented to give 
the sum of 1000 for the maintenance of a. ward for the space 
of two years. Let this example not be lost upon us. Let us 
all try to follow it, and liberally open our purses for the sake of 
an institution of such value and importance to all of us who 
live in this part of London." 

The Earl of Cadogan, one of the Treasurers, announced that the 
Prince of Wales had just handed to him a cheque for two hundred 
guineas. The Princess of Wales had also given a donation of fifty 
guineas. Miss Read, had given 500, and the Marquis of West- 
minster a subscription of 200 a year. Mr. Prescott Hewett, the 
surgeon, gave a hundred guineas, and other liberal donations and 
subscriptions were announced, amounting to upwards of 2000. 

The principal speakers at the meeting were Earl Granville, the 
Earl of Derby, the Earl of Carnarvon, Mr. W. H. Smith, the 
Marquis of Westminster, and the Rev. H. Howarth, Rector of 
St. George's, Hanover Square. 

The Marquis of Westminster, in his admirable speech moving 
the thanks of the meeting to the Chairman, said that he happened, 
to be in Milan a short time ago, and, going over a great hospital 
there, containing something like 3000 beds, he saw in different 
rooms portraits of the benefactors of the institution some full 
length, others three-quarters, some half-length, and others only 
heads. On inquiring the reason of this distinction, he was in- 
formed that the size of the picture depended upon the amount of 
the sum given by the donor. One who gave, say 4000, had his 
portrait painted full length, while the others were represented 
half-length, or even by a head. ... It might be thought a light and 
easy thing to come forward and make so excellent a speech as His 
Royal Highness had done ; but he was quite sure that if any who 
thought thus would come forward to try, they would find them- 
selves mistaken. In coming forward in this work of benevolence, 
His Royal Highness was fairly entitled to the warm and cordial 
thanks, not only of the governors of the hospital, but of the whole 
nation. He begged to include in this vote the Princess of Wales. 

His Royal Highness said : 

" My Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, Allow me to return 
you all my most cordial thanks for the kind way in which you 
have supported me by your presence, and to my noble friend 


for the way in which he proposed the resolution. Xot wishing 
to keep you here any longer, let me only urge you to be as 
liberal as you can, and I hope that the excellent speeches we 
have heard to-day may impress you with the importance of this 
meeting, and with the feeling that those speeches have been 
made not as a mere form, but as real and earnest appeals to you 
to open your purses most liberally. Lord Westminster has just 
alluded to the hospital at Milan and to the portraits of different 
sizes, according to the amount of money subscribed by the 
originals. I have but one suggestion to make to you in that 
respect, and one to which I am sure you will respond that you 
should all contribute very largely that circular golden portrait 
representative of the Queen which this Hospital so much needs." 

June list, 1870. 

THE old corporation of " The College of God's gift " in Dulwich, 
in the county of Surrey, was founded in 1619, under letters patent 
of King James I., by Edward Alleyne, player, a contemporary and 
friend of Shakespeare. Those who knew Dulwich College, before 
its reconstitution in recent times, must, remember its being spoken 
of as a notable instance of " the abuse of an ancient charity." In 
1857 the old corporation was dissolved by Act of Parliament, and 
a new Governing Body was established, consisting of 19 Governors, 
of whom 11 were to be appointed by the Court of Chancery, and 
the remainder by the parishes of Camberwell, Bishopsgate, 
St. Luke, Finsbury, and St. Saviour's, Southwark, each, appointing 
two Governors. A further scheme for the management of the 
charity was approved by Her Majesty in Council in 1882, greatly 
modifying the arrangement of 1857. By the latter scheme the 
management of the estate in its eleemosynary branch was wholly 
separated from the educational branch, with separate governing 

The great increase in the value of the estates had allowed the 
establishment, in 1857, of Alleyn's School, and a large sum was 
then provided for the erection of school buildings, a splendid 
edifice being constructed by Mr. Charles Barry. 

It was to open this new school that the visit of the Prince and 
Princess of Wales was made, on the 21st of June, 1870. By a 
singular coincidence this day was the anniversary of that on 
which the charter of the College had been first signed, on the 21st 


of June, 1607. The Prince of Wales distributed the prizes, after 
the pupils had delivered speeches, and gone through the exercises 
usual in public school examinations and anniversaries. The 
recitations were brought to a close with singing the National 

At the luncheon which followed, the Eev. W. Eogers presided, 
and proposed the health of the Eoyal visitors. 

His Royal Highness, who was loudly cheered on rising to reply, 
said : 

" My Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, I feel deeply the kind 
way in which you have received this toast, and I can assure 
you that it is with great pleasure we have to-day made so 
interesting a visit to a place which, for all of us, possesses an 
historical interest. It is hardly necessary for me to refer to the 
early history of the College. You all know that it was founded 
in the time of Queen Elizabeth, although the charter was actually 
signed by James I., and that Edward Alleyne was an eminent 
actor, and that he also held, I believe, the post of bear-keeper 
I hope not bear-leader to Queen Elizabeth. What we witness 
to-day is a gratifying result of that foundation. Everybody 
who has had the opportunity of seeing this splendid building 
must have derived gratification from the spectacle, and also 
from the proofs which have been furnished that education is by 
no means neglected. These proofs we have listened to in the 
English and French languages, and also in the ancient Greek, 
and we have done so with very great pleasure, in spite of the 
great heat which it was necessary for that purpose to encounter. 

" I will not detain you with further remarks. But before I 
sit down let me wish thorough success and happiness to this 
College, and let us hope that the success which has attended the 
last ten years especially of its existence will continue 'and in- 
crease, and that year by year it will advance in standing and 
position and in the number of the scholars within its walls. I 
have now the pleasure of proposing a toast which I am sure you 
will all drink with enthusiasm ' The Health of the Master of 
Dulwich College, Dr. Carver.' From the cordial way in which 
his name is cheered by the boys there can be no doubt of his 
popularity ; and to his efforts, I believe, much of the success 
which the school has attained is owing." 

The Eev. Dr. Carver " returned his very sincere thanks for this 
compliment, which he took to be meant really for the institution 



of which, he was at the head. The inheritance of the last five 
half-centuries was a noble one, but with it they inherited many 
responsibilities, resulting from the faults and failings of their 
predecessors, and there was much not only to do but to redeem. 
He believed that a new era for Dulwich College had been 
inaugurated, and he trusted it would hereafter win and occupy a 
place among the most important and valuable institutions of the 

Their Eoyal Highnesses then proceeded to the Library. Before 
the ceremonies at the School, they had visited the magnificent 
collection of paintings, known as the Dulwich Gallery. These 
pictures were collected by Sir F. Bourgeois, E.A., bequeathed by 
him to the College, owing to his friendship for Mr. Allen, the 
Master of the College, at the time of his death, in 1810. Some of 
the best pictures in this gallery were obtained in Poland, at the 
time of the partition of that ancient kingdom by the three Great 

June 3<MA, 1870. 

THEIR Eoyal Highnesses the Prince and Princess of Wales, on 
the 30th of June, 1870, performed the ceremony of opening the 
new schools for the children of seamen. There was a large 
assembly present, including the Lord and Lady Mayoress, the 
Bishop of London and Mrs. Jackson, the Sheriffs of Middlesex, 
several Aldermen and public officials. The schools are situated 
near the London Docks, in Wellclose Square, where for two 
hundred years stood the church for Danish seamen. The site of 
the buildings was the property of the Crown of Denmark, and, 
with the church, was purchased from the trustees with money 
granted from the Bishop of London's Fund. The newly-erected 
schools afford accommodation for 600 children, and the cost was 
about 5500. 

An address, giving the history and purpose of the institution, 
was read by the vicar of St. Paul's Church for seamen of the port 
of London, to which 

The Prince of Wales responded, saying " it was a source of 
infinite gratification to him to be present at the completion of a 
work originated by his lamented father, and to fulfil his benevo- 
lent design of providing for the education and religious welfare 
of the children, after having secured a place of Divine Worship 
for the parents. He trusted that the association of the site 


with its former uses would bear its fruit in the success of this 
sacred work of education and religion." 

After prayers were read by the Bishop of London, the ceremony 
of declaring the schools open was performed, and purses were 
presented, with donations to the amount of 1500, including a 
hundred guineas from the Prince of Wales. 

A luncheon followed, at which the Bishop of London, in 
proposing the health of the Queen, recalled a saying of George III., 
who once expressed the hope that the time would come when 
every man in England would possess a Bible, and be able to read 
it. This sentiment was also felt by the old King's grand-daughter 
who now filled the throne, and nothing was dearer to Her 
Majesty's heart than the religious education of the people. 

In next proposing the health of the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, the Bishop said that the Royal visit of this day would give 
a prestige to the schools which would ensure their popularity in 
the neighbourhood. There was a special interest for the Princess 
of Wales in the fact that they were on the site of the old Danish 
Chapel, long the only place of worship for Danish seamen in 

The Prince of Wales, in response, said : 

" My Lord Bishop, Ladies, and Gentlemen, Allow me in the 
name of the Princess of Wales and myself to tender you my 
warmest thanks for the kind way in which this toast has been 
proposed and responded to. I need not tell you that the pro- 
ceedings of to-day have given us great pleasure, or that we feel 
a deep interest in the success of the schools which we have now 
opened. When we were asked to open these schools and play- 
grounds for the children of seamen and other persons living in 
this neighbourhood, we at once felt that the object was excellent, 
and we were anxious in coming here to-day to evince the in- 
terest we take in the schools. They have, as has already been 
mentioned, an especial interest for myself, because just twenty- 
four years ago the foundation stone of the neighbouring church 
for seamen was laid by my lamented father. That church, 
during the twenty-four years it has been in existence, has 
answered the purpose for which it was built, and I believe as 
many as 240,000 seamen, together with their wives and families, 
have attended divine service within its walls. Let us, then, 
hope that the children also may receive the benefits of a good 
education and religious training, and that these schools may 
fulfil the object for which they were built. 

H 2 


" In this part of London there are so many poor that good 
schools are especially needed, and as these schools are not 
intended exclusively for the children of seamen, they will pro- 
bably be most beneficial to the neighbourhood at large. Allow 
me to thank you for the way in which you have listened to the 
few remarks I have made, and to assure you that I feel deep 
gratification in being present to-day at the opening of these 
schools. I have, before sitting down, to propose ' The Health of 
the Lord Bishop of London/ to whom we owe our warmest 
thanks for the kind way in which he has come here to take 
part in the proceedings of this day, when he has so many other 
and important duties to perform. As I know that he has 
another pressing engagement in a short time, the fewer words 
said the better. I therefore call upon you to drink the health 
of the Lord Bishop of London." 

July 1st, 1870. 

THE good people of Reading are said sometimes to have grumbled 
at being neglected by Royalty, their town being overshadowed by 
its proximity to the Royal borough of Windsor. This notion was 
effaced by the splendid events of the 1st of July, 1870. On that 
day the Prince and Princess of Wales, with imposing state and 
ceremony, visited the ancient town, in order to lay the foundation- 
stone of a new school, which was to be the successor of the 
historical Grammar School, at which Archbishop Laud was edu- 
cated, one of the masters of which, Julius Palmer, was martyred 
during the Marian persecution, and which in recent times had 
attained high celebrity under the scholastic reign of Dr. Yalpy. 

The town was in high festival for the occasion, and distin- 
guished company assembled to meet the Royal visitors. When 
the Address had been presented by the Mayor and Town Clerk, 
giving a summary of the history of the school, and the purposes of 
the new undertaking, the Prince replied : 

" Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, I desire to return my cordial 
thanks for your address, and to assure you, on the part of the 
Princess and myself, of the pleasure it affords us to visit a town 
so conspicuous in the pages of English history. It is most 
gratifying to me to co-operate with you, gentlemen, in securing 


for your town the benefits contemplated by the Eoyal founders 
of this ancient school. In extending to Eeading and its county 
the advantages of a middle-class education, you are providing 
an education which, if conducted on sound principles, must 
conduce to the welfare and happiness of all who desire to profit 
by it ; and that this result is anticipated is satisfactorily indi- 
cated by the amount of contributions already subscribed. For 
myself, I sincerely trust that the good work of which we are 
now assembled to lay the first stone may, under God's blessing, 
prosper and accomplish its purpose. It will at least prove to a 
succeeding generation that we, on our part, have striven with 
all our hearts and all our means to ripen the good seed sown 
by our fathers upwards of 300 years ago." 

The ceremony of setting the stone then began, for the ceremony 
was to be done with masonic honours, one side of the tent having 
been entirely occupied by the Masons in costume. The Mayor, 
having received from the Provincial Grand Master the handsome 
silver trowel prepared for the occasion, now asked the Prince, in the 
name of the School Trustees, to proceed with the ceremony. The 
Grand Chaplain offered a prayer, the Architect presented his plans, 
the Grand Secretary read the inscription on the stone, and the 
Grand Treasurer deposited gold, silver, and copper coins of the 
present reign in the cavity prepared for them. 

The Prince then proved and set the stone, saying : 

" May the Great Architect of the Universe enable us success- 
fully to carry on and finish the work of which we have now laid 
the principal stone, and every other undertaking which may 
tend to the advantage of the borough of Eeading and this neigh- 
bourhood, and may this school be long preserved from peril 
and decay, diffusing its light and influence to generations yet 

To this the Masons present answered with one accord, " So mote 
it be." The Prince next spread corn on the stone, and from the 
ewers handed to him ponred out wine and oil, saying : 

" May the bountiful hand of Heaven ever supply this country 
with abundance of corn, wine, and oil, and all the necessaries 
and comforts of life." 

The Brethren again responded in the Masonic formula, " So 
mote it be." Then the Treasurer to the school presented to the 
Senior Master Builder (Mr. Parnell) a purse of gold, saying : " It is 
the pleasure of the Prince that those who have hewed the stones, 


and those who have laid them, and all who have assisted, should 
' rejoice in the light.' " 

Prayers by the Bishop of Oxford, and the Hallelujah Chorus, 
performed by the band and choir, closed the ceremonial, which 
was very quaint and impressive. 

At the luncheon afterwards given in the Town Hall, the Prince, 
after acknowledging the usual loyal .toasts, that of the Prince and 
Princess of Wales having been proposed by the Mayor, said : 

"My Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, It gives me great 
pleasure to have an opportunity of expressing to all those present 
the gratification it has given both to the Princess and myself to 
be here this day. I am glad also to have the opportunity of 
congratulating the Mayor and Corporation and the inhabitants 
of Beading on the great success of all the proceedings of the 
day. In passing through the town we could not fail to admire 
the tasteful way in which all the houses and streets were deco- 
rated ; nor was it possible that the arrangements for laying the 
foundation stone of the new schools, and the magnificent cere- 
mony attending it, could have gone off better. I trust we shall 
all take a deep interest in the school which is to be, succeeding 
as it does to one which has already existed for a great number 
of years, having been founded by my ancestor Henry VII., and 
receiving a Boyal charter from Queen Elizabeth. I trust that 
the wishes expressed by the Mayor concerning the school may 
be realized, and that the children not only of the inhabitants of 
Beading but of the whole county of Berkshire will have an 
opportunity of receiving a thoroughly good education in it. I 
will not occupy your time any longer, but before sitting down 
it affords me great pleasure to propose a toast which I feel sure 
you will all receive with enthusiasm. It is ' The Health of the 
Mayor of Beading.' I am glad to have the opportunity of 
thanking him, as the representative of this ancient and loyal 
borough, for the kind and hearty reception it has given to us 
on this occasion." 

After the departure of the Prince, the Mayor announced that 
His Koyal Highness had generously handed him a cheque for a 
hundred guineas towards the building fund. At night the town 
was illuminated, and the people of Heading had good reason to be 
pleased with the proceedings of the day. 

( 103 ) 

July 7th, 1870. 

AT a meeting of the Council of the Society of Arts, on the 7th of 
July, 1870, the Prince of Wales, as President of the Society, pre- 
sented the Albert Gold Medal to M. de Lesseps. This medal is 
awarded for services rendered to arts, manufactures, and commerce ; 
and no services, to commerce at least, could have been better 
rendered than by the realization of the Suez Canal. 

The Prince addressed M. de Lesseps in a French speech, of 
which the following is a translation : 

"It is with sincere gratification that, as President of the 
Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and 
Commerce, I have the honour of presenting to you to-day the 
gold medal which was founded after the death of my beloved 
father, and which bears his name. This medal is presented 
every year to the person who has distinguished himself most 
remarkably in advancing the interests of the objects for which 
the Society was founded, and I am fully convinced that no 
recipient has ever been more worthy than yourself of this 
honourable distinction. In presenting it, I need scarcely say 
that the award was unanimous, and I may perhaps be permitted 
to add that I stipulated for the pleasure of placing the medal 
myself in your hands. England will never forget that it was to 
you the success of that great enterprise which is so much cal- 
culated to develope the commercial interests subsisting between 
herself and her Eastern Empire was due ; and I trust that since 
your sojourn among us the English people have evinced to you 
their appreciation of the benefits which your great work has 
conferred upon this country. Allow me once more to con- 
gratulate you upon your grand achievement, and to express my 
sincere hope, as it is my belief, that it will fully realise the 
brilliant anticipations which you have from the first entertained 
respecting it. In conclusion, I must assure you of the pleasure 
I feel in presenting this medal to you, not only as President of 
this Society, but as a personal friend, who has, moreover, enjoyed 
the inestimable advantage of an inspection of the Canal under 
your guidance." 


M. de Lesseps replied as follows : 

" Monseigneur, I am happy in receiving from the hands of 
your Royal Highness the medal which has been awarded to me by 
the Society of Arts and Manufactures. This medal, recalling the 
respected memory of your august father, has a double value in my 
eyes, for His Royal Highness Prince Albert, from the commence- 
ment of the enterprise of the Suez Canal, received me with that 
kindly feeling which was to him habitual, and which led him 
always to encourage everything which might be useful to social 
progress, to the discoveries of science, and to the development of 
commerce. He received me for the first time in 1858, in his 
private study, where he invited me to explain to him all the 
details relating to the construction of the Canal, and he followed 
with close attention upon the map and on the working plan the 
course of the projected scheme as worked out by the engineers. 
Since that time he continued on several occasions to testify the 
interest which he felt in the enterprise for which the period of 
commencing the works had arrived. I thank your Royal Highness 
and the Society of Arts for having added this important manifes- 
tation to all the evidences which I have had the good fortune to 
receive from the Government of the Queen and from the people of 
Great Britain. The words of your Royal Highness will remain 
engraven in my heart. I have already had the good fortune of 
finding myself with you, Monseigneur, when travelling in the 
desert, and there, where a man, however highly he may be placed, 
shows himself as he is, I have been able to appreciate the noble 
character, the lofty mind, and the elevated sentiments of your 
Royal Highness, and I am happy to bear this testimony in the 
presence of the distinguished men who surround us. I shall ever 
be, as they are, the devoted partisan of your Royal Highness. I 
pray you to present to Her Majesty the homage of my respect 
and of my gratitude, and to assure her that the Company which I 
have the honour to direct will be able to maintain the Suez Canal 
in a condition which will satisfy all the requirements of the great 
commerce and of the navigation of Great Britain." 

It is always a pleasure to the Prince of Wales to give the Albert 
Medal with his own hands, sometimes at Marlborough House, as 
to Sir Henry Bessemer, and to M. Chevalier, the distinguished 
French Economist. When the award was made to Mr. Doulton, 
the Prince went to Lambeth to make the presentation, and said 
that he would have been glad to have received Mr. Doulton at 
Marlborough House, but thought it would be more gratifying to 
him to have the medal presented in his own place and among his 
own workpeople an act of gracious considerateness which was- 
well appreciated by the vast assembly who witnessed the event. 

( 105 ) 

July 13th, 1870. 

THIS great work, which, for solidity of construction, durability of 
material, and beauty of design, is worthy of the Metropolis of the 
Empire, was commenced early in 1852, but was not completed till 
the summer of 1870. Viewed in connection with the benefits to- 
public health and convenience, by the improvement of the course 
of the Thames, and the removal of the mud banks formerly 
disfiguring the shores, the Embankment may be truly said to be 
the greatest public work undertaken in London in modern times. 
Portions of the footway had been previously open for passengers, 
and improvements have been since made in the approaches and in 
laying out ornamental grounds, but the completion of the roadway, 
from Westminster to Blackfriars. sufficiently justified the grand 
State ceremony with which the Embankment was opened, on the 
13th of July, 1870, by the Prince of Wales. 

On that day, the Prince, accompanied by the Princess Louise, 
and attended by the Great Officers of the Household, opened the 
Embankment on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen. Five Eoyal 
carriages, with an escort of the Eoyal Horse Guards, proceeded 
from Marlborough House, by the Mall, Whitehall, and Parliament 
Street to Westminster Bridge, where they entered the embank- 
ment. Here the procession was joined by the carriages containing 
the Chairman and members of the Metropolitan Board of Works. 
At Hungerford Bridge an address was presented by the Chairman, 
Sir John Thwaites. The Eoyal procession went as far as Black- 
friars Bridge, and then returned to Westminster Bridge, when the 
Prince, amidst the cheers of the multitude, and the salutes of 
artillery, declared the Embankment to be open. 

The reply to the address read by the Prince, was as follows : 

" Gentlemen, It is a source of great regret to me, as I am 
sure it cannot fail to be to you, that the Queen is unable to be 
present, according to her original intention, at this interesting 
ceremony. In her name I thank you for your loyal address, and 
express to you the satisfaction with which she regards the com- 
pletion of this great work. We must all rejoice that while the 
Embankment and the noble roadway, which I am happy this 
day to open in the name of Her Majesty, add largely to the 
beauty and convenience of the Metropolis, the works connected 
with them may be expected materially to diminish the sources 
of disease and suffering to the inhabitants of this bank of the 
Thames. In no public work of this vast capital has the liberal 


and enterprising spirit of its citizens and the genius and resources 
of our civil engineers been more signally displayed. I am com- 
manded by the Queen to congratulate you cordially on the issue 
of your labours in undertakings which promise to be so enduring 
and so beneficent." 

Five years before this, on the 4th of April, 1865, the Prince had 
visited the great works erected at Barking, in Essex, and thence 
to the Erith Marshes to perform the ceremony of starting the 
great engines which lift the waters of the Southern Outfall 
Sewer. In a brief speech on that occasion the Prince congratu- 
lated Mr. Thwaites, then chairman of the Metropolitan Board of 
Works, and Mr. Bazalgette, the engineer, on the completion of an 

for disposing of the sewage 
the water of the Thames. 

TTIS1A.D, ft 1111 JJLL.I JJCL ><* 1 1 U L ItJ 9 11J.C CI1J^1U<_ 

important portion of the great scheme 
of London, and purifying the water of 

July 16fA, 1870. 

IN the summer of 1870, while the news of impending war on the 
continent stirred public feeling, preparations were being quietly 
made in many a home and workshop for an international exhi- 
bition of art and industry. The special feature of the display was 
to be the encouragement of individual intelligence and skill, every 
object exhibited having attached to it the name of the workman, 
as well as the firm in whose employment he was, if not exercising 
his art on his own account at home. 

The Prince of Wales kindly consented to open the exhibition, in 
the name of the Queen. This was done on the 16th of July, 1870. 
Having received an address, giving an account of the purpose of 
the collection, the Prince thus replied : 

" Gentlemen, I thank you for your address, and assure you 
that it is with very great pleasure I undertake the duty im- 
posed upon me by the Queen in opening this Exhibition. The 
objects proposed in it are such as cannot fail to meet with the 
cordial approbation of all who are interested in the growth of 
our arts and manufactures, and who wish to connect that growth 
with a corresponding increase of sympathy and friendly rela- 
tions between employers and their workmen. In imparting to 
this Exhibition an international character, you have sought to 
extend the range of good which may result from it, and by 
inviting competition between our workmen and those of foreign 


nations, not only to afford a wholesome stimulus to both in the 
exercise of their various callings, but to contribute, as far as 
you can, to that kindly intercourse between countries which 
must in the end prove the principal security for the peace of 
the world. The allusion which you have made to my beloved 
father, who would doubtless have regarded this Exhibition with 
the liveliest interest, as the natural supplement of that first one 
with which his name is especially connected, will be as affecting 
as it must be gratifying to the Queen. It will be my agreeable 
duty to report to her the proceedings of to-day, and I have only 
now, in her name, to wish success to the undertaking." 

A catalogue of the collection, and a newspaper printed in the 
building, were then presented to the Prince. The catalogue 
showed that contributions had been sent from, all the chief in- 
dustrial centres in England, Sheffield, Birmingham, Coventry, 
Worcester, and from Ireland, in bog-oak carvings, and articles of 
the linen and flax industry. The foreign contributions were from 
France, Austria, Italy, Holland, and other parts of the continent. 
A musical piece composed for the occasion was given, and the 
Old Hundredth psalm sung by the choir, after which the Prince 
declared the Exhibition open. 

March 2Qth, 1871. 

THE "Royal Albert Hall of Arts and Sciences" was opened by 
Her Majesty the Queen with imposing ceremony on the 29th 
of March, 1871. The procession from Buckingham Palace con- 
sisted of nine State carriages, in the last of which were the Queen, 
the Princess of Wales, and the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. 
In the other carriages were the Eoyal Family, with the great 
Officers of State and the Household in waiting. The Hall was 
filled with nearly 8000 spectators, and the orchestra consisted 
of nearly 1200 musicians and singers, Sir Michael Costa being 

When the Queen had taken her place on the dais, the Prince of 
Wales, who wore the uniform of Colonel of the 10th Hussars, 
advanced to Her Majesty, and, as President of the Provisional 
Committee, read the following address : 

" May it please your Majesty, As President of the Provisional 
Committee of the Eoyal Albert Hall of Arts and Sciences, it is 
my high privilege and gratification to report to your Majesty 


the successful completion of this Hall, an important feature of a 
long-cherished design of my beloved father, for the general 
culture of your people, in whose improvement he was always 
deeply interested. Encouraged by your Majesty's sympathies, 
and liberally supported by your subjects, we have been enabled 
to carry out the work without any aid from funds derived from 
public taxation. I am warranted in expressing our confidence 
that this building will justify the conviction we expressed in 
the report submitted on the occasion of your Majesty's laying 
its first stone, that by its erection we should be meeting a great 
public want. Your Majesty's Commissioners for the Exhibition 
of 1851 in further prosecution of my father's design for the en- 
couragement of the Arts and Sciences, an object which he always 
had warmly at heart, are about to commence a series of Annual 
International Exhibitions, to the success of which this Hall will 
greatly contribute by the facilities which it will afford for the 
display of objects and for the meeting of bodies interested in the 
industries which will form the subjects of successive Exhibitions. 
The interest shown in the Hall by the most eminent musicians 
and composers of Europe strengthens our belief that it will 
largely conduce to the revival among all classes of the nation of 
a taste for the cultivation of music. Your Majesty will hear 
with satisfaction that results have justified the original estimate 
of the cost of the building, and that, aided by the liberal assist- 
ance of your Exhibition Commissioners, the corporation will 
commence its management unfettered by pecuniary liabilities, 
and under conditions eminently calculated to insure success. 
It is my grateful duty to return to your Majesty our humble 
thanks for the additional mark of your Eoyal favour which is 
conferred upon us by your auspicious presence on the present 
occasion when our labours as a Provisional Committee are 
drawing to a close. We venture to hope that when we shall 
have resigned our functions into the hands of the governing 
body, which will be elected under the provisions of the Eoyal 
Charter granted to us, your Majesty will continue to the 
Corporation that measure of support which has been always 
graciously given to us." 

The Queen, who had listened to the address -with the utmost 
interest and attention, said, in a voice clearly heard in every part 


of the vast building : " In handing you this answer, I wish to 
express ray great admiration of this beautiful Hall, and my earnest 
wishes for its complete success." 

The written answer to the address was not read, but it is here 
given to complete the record of the day's ceremony : 

" I thank you for the loyal address which, as President of the 
Provisional Committee of the Hall of Arts and Sciences, you have 
presented to me. In opening this spacious and noble Hall, it gives 
me pleasure to acknowledge the generous spirit which has been 
manifested in the completion, by voluntary effort, of a work 
promising so much public usefulness. I cordially concur in the 
hope you have expressed, that this Hall, forming as it does part of 
a plan in which I must ever take a deep and personal interest, 
may largely and permanently contribute to the promotion among 
my people of the love of art, as well as to the success of the annual 
exhibitions, which will bring successively into instructive com- 
petition the choicest products of the industries of all nations. 
These objects could not fail to commend themselves at all times 
and all places to my sympathy and interest, fraught as they are 
Avith recollections of him to whose memory this Hall is dedicated, 
and whose dearest aim was to inspire my people with a love of all 
that is good and noble, and, by closer knowledge and juster appre- 
ciation of each other, to cultivate a spirit of goodwill and concord 
among the inhabitants of all regions. I gladly give the assurance 
of my support to the corporation to which the Hall is about to be 
entrusted, and I earnestly hope that their efforts to promote the 
objects for which it has been constructed may be rewarded by a 
career of abiding success." 

The Bishop of London, representing the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, offered a dedication prayer. 

The Prince of Wales, after a minute's conference with Her 

The announcement was followed by immense cheering and the 
sound of trumpets ; and while the choir sang the National 
Anthem, the Park guns boomed forth a loud accompaniment. 

The opening ceremony being thus accomplished, the Queen and 
the Eoyal visitors proceeded to the Koyal box, where they re- 
mained during the performance of a selection of music. The 
programme included a cantata, written for the occasion by Sir 
Michael Costa, and the Prince Consort's Invocazione all'Armonia, 
which was first performed when Her Majesty, in 1867, laid the 
foundation-stone of the Hall this day opened. 


May 1st, 1871. 

DURING the twenty years that had passed since the ever-memorable 
Exhibition of 1851, there had been many Exhibitions, one of 
which, that of 1862, might aspire to the title of Great, and proved 
fairly successful. But so numerous were the imitations of the 
first great example, to which, at home or abroad, none approached 
in romantic interest and universal popularity, that at length the 
idea which in 1851 charmed all the world, had come to be some- 
what tiresome to the public. Inventors and manufacturers found it 
troublesome and expensive to exhibit, not without doubt whether 
there were not more disadvantages than advantages in such inter- 
national displays. Some of the later Exhibitions were little better 
than huge bazaars or trade shows. 

Having regard to these conditions, the Eoyal Commissioners of 
1851, with the Prince of Wales as President, allowed matters to 
rest awhile, although still feeling under obligation to carry out 
the grand purposes which gave rise to the first and grandest 
display in Hyde Park. 

It was resolved to open at South Kensington, in 1871, an 
" International Exhibition of the Fine Arts and of Industry ; " to 
be the first of a series, each with some definite aim, and mainly 
confined to certain arts or industries, instead of forming a miscel- 
laneous museum of all sorts of objects. As the Queen approved of 
this proposal, the opening of the Exhibition of 1871 was under- 
taken by the Prince of Wales on Her Majesty's behalf, and was 
made the occasion of an imposing State pageant. In the Court 
Circular of May 2nd T and in the journals of the same date, a full 
account is given of the ceremonies of the preceding day, with lists 
of the illustrious and notable persons present, and other details. 
The Prince made formal proclamation of the opening. 

In all his labours in connection with various exhibitions, at 
home or abroad, the Prince has had most able lieutenants, such as 
Sir Philip Cunlifie Owen, K.C.B., but every detail of plan and of 
administration has been brought before his attention, and has 
received the sanction of his judgment and experience. It is no 
exaggeration to say that to his presidency was mainly due the 
success of the British Department of the great Paris Exhibition of 
1878. This was testified in the address presented to the Prince 
by Earl Granville, signed by a thousand Englishmen who had 
witnessed the events of that memorable season in the Place de 

( 111 ) 

May Ifh, 1871. 

FOR the relief of distressed artists, their widows and orphans, 
provision is made, as far as funds allow, by the Artists' Benevolent 
Institution, which was established in 1814. In course of time it 
was found that the amount available for the support and education 
of the orphans of artists was very insufficient, and a separate fund 
was established in 1866, under the auspices of the Council of the 
Artists' Benevolent Institution. From time to time donations 
were received, and in 1871 it was resolved to make a more public 
appeal. The Prince of Wales cheerfully agreed to preside at a 
dinner in aid of the fund, which took place on the 7th of May, 
1871, in the Freemasons' Hall. 

The Prince was supported by a large number of artists, and of 
patrons and lovers of art. The usual loyal toasts were given, and 
the presence of members of the well-known " artist corps " led the 
Prince to make special reference to the Volunteers. 

In giving " The Army, Navy, Militia, and Volunteers," His 
Eoyal Highness said : 

" This is a toast which is never left out at all great public 
dinners. By some it has been called a formal toast, but in my 
opinion it should never be so styled. It is a toast which we 
ought to drink warmly and heartily. Of that which we owe to 
our army and navy I shall not speak to you at length, for this 
is not a fitting occasion ; but I may say that we are bound to 
those services by a deep debt of gratitude, and let us hope that 
we shall always have reason to be as proud of them as we are at 
the present moment. We must, at the same time, never forget 
that there is something wanting. Our army is small ; smaller 
than those of other countries ; it ought, therefore to be better in 
comparison. As to the navy, though a great many changes have 
been made in our ships, though they have been converted from 
wooden walls into iron batteries, I think we may confidently 
anticipate that the fame which attaches to our old wooden walls 
will be transferred to our iron fleet whenever it is called upon 
to meet an enemy. The Militia, too, ought never to be omitted 
from this toast, for I look upon it as our great army of reserve > 
and desire to see it honoured ; while as to the Volunteers, I 
would remark that I think we may congratulate ourselves on 
the circumstance that the movement, which has now existed for 


eleven or twelve years, shows no sign that it is slackening. I 
have the more confidence in asking you to respond to this portion 
of the toast, because I see around me many members of the 
Artists' Corps, which has always maintained a high position in 
the Volunteer force." 

The Prince, in proposing the next toast, " The Artists' Orphan 
Fund," said : 

" I have no doubt you will drink this toast in bumpers, 
particularly as this is the first dinner which has been given in 
aid of the Fund. I can assure you it has given me much 
pleasure to come here and explain to you some of the chief 
points connected with this excellent charity. Being a charity 
in aid of orphans it is, you will agree with me, worthy of peculiar 
sympathy. It recommends itself still more to our notice when 
we reflect that it proposes to help the children of those who 
have done so much to elevate and refine art among us, and whose 
beautiful pictures have so often delighted us. Many persons 
may imagine that it is not difficult to be a painter, but the 
distinguished artists whom I see around me will, I am sure, agree 
with me that that it is a great mistake. To be a good painter 
genius is by no means all that is required. Industry and 
perseverance must also be exercised just as much as in the case 
of eminent clergymen, lawyers, scientific men, philosophers, or 
the members of any other branch of human exertion which we 
can name. Again, we must remember that, although a man 
may have been a successful painter, although his genius may 
have been recognized in other countries besides his own, and 
although he may have accumulated money in the course of long, 
laborious years, yet, being laid on a bed of sickness, that money 
may have dwindled away, and his children may be left entirely 
destitute. This fund, then, is destined for the support of the 
orphans of such artists and for their education. No one par- 
ticular school is to be set apart for education. The guardians 
of the children will be allowed to select the schools to which 
they shall go and no restrictions of any kind will be imposed 
upon them with respect to religion. I may add that the first 
idea of this fund came from a gentleman who offered to place a 
certain number of candidates in two schools which he himself 
established, and that he has since given to the charity the 


munificent donation of 900. My only regret is that, while we 
must all applaud the munificence of this gentleman, I am for- 
bidden to mention his name. There is, however, another name 
with respect to which I need not be reticent, and which is well 
known to you all I mean that of Sir W. Tite, who has given 
the large sum of 1000 to the fund. Now, I feel sure you will 
follow this good example, that you will support to the best of 
your ability this excellent charity, and that I need not urge upon 
you to sign freely the papers which have been placed before you. 
I may add that I am authorized by the Council to mention that 
a sum of 7000 has already been collected out of the 10,000 
which are required, a result for which they beg to return their 
grateful thanks. But though the sum I have just named will 
enable them to carry out the immediate object of the fund, 
neither they nor any one else will have any objection to your 
adding considerably to that amount. I will not detain you 
longer, but while thanking you for your attention will again 
ask you to drink ' Prosperity and success to this most worthy 
charity.' " 

The Prince of Wales then gave " Prosperity to the Eoyal 
Academy," stating that " the community at large took the greatest 
interest in that body of gentlemen, for to them we owe the 
elevated and cultivated taste with regard to painting and 
sculpture which now so widely prevailed in this country. The 
interests of the Eoyal Academy and of Art would, he felt sure, 
not suffer as long as they were confided to the care of Sir F. 
Grant, the distinguished President of that institution." 

Sir F. Grant, in returning thanks, said the members of the 
Eoyal Academy were very glad to have it in their power to aid so 
excellent a charity, and that, in addition to the 500 which they 
had given last year to the orphanage in connection with it, they 
were ready to give on the present occasion a further donation of 
1000. He begged, in conclusion, to propose " Prosperity to the 
other Art Societies." The toast was responded to by Mr. Clint, 
President of the Society of British Artists. 

The Treasurer read a long list of subscriptions, amounting in 
all to 12,308, including a hundred guineas from the Eoyal 



May 8th, 1871. 

THE annual festival of the Royal Masonic Institution for Girls was 
held at Freemasons' Hall, Great Queen Street, on the 8th of May, 
1871, His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales presiding. The 
whole assembly in the hall was Masonic, the ladies being limited 
to the gallery of the Temple. The Prince wore, besides his Royal 
and military Orders, the insignia of a Past Grand Master of the 
English craft, and around him, in full Masonic " clothing," accord- 
ing to their rank in the craft, were many distinguished members. 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, in proposing " The 
Queen," said : 

" The first toast which I have to give is the health of the 
patroness of our craft Her Majesty the Queen, who has always 
identified herself so far with our Freemasonry as to extend her 
hand to all charities." 

Sir Patrick Colquhoun, with the Grand Master's gavel, proposed 
the toast of " The Prince of Wales, the Princess of Wales, and the 
rest of the Royal Family." He referred in feeling and touching 
terms to the loss lately sustained by the Prince and Princess, the 
death of an infant son on Good Friday, April 7, and he expressed 
the deep thankfulness of the brotherhood that the Princess was 
recovering her health. 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, in responding for 
the toast, which had been received with loud applause, thanked 
the brethren, and said '* it gave him the greatest pleasure to be 
there, surrounded by the brethren of the craft to which he was 
proud to belong. He assured them that it was a proud day 
indeed to him when he became a Mason, and he should always 
do his utmost to be a worthy brother among them. He expressed, 
too, on the part of the Princess, his personal thanks to Sir 
Patrick for his touching remarks, and his thanks to the brethren 
for their sympathy. He was glad to announce that the Princess 
was restored to her accustomed health, and in a short time would 
be among them. It might be fitting then to announce that the 
Princess had consented to be the patroness of the institution." 

The toast of " Earl de Grey, the Grand Master," was then pro- 
posed by the Royal President, and' Lord Clonmell proposed " The 
Past Grand Master, the Earl of Zetland." " The Deputy-Grand 


Master's Health " was proposed by Mr, C. Sykes, M.P., who dwelt 
upon the great zeal and ability the Earl of Carnarvon had shown 
in following Masonry. 

His Eoyal Highness the Prince of Wales, in proposing the 
toast of the evening, said, " in general he felt diffidence in asking 
for subscriptions for charities over which he sometimes presided, 
but he had not such a feeling on that occasion, when he looked 
round and saw on all sides the brethren of the craft, for he knew 
that one of the main principles inculcated in the minds of Free- 
masons was charity. He knew that the brethren composing the 
vast assemblage before him had come with one object, to support 
this excellent institution. A very full and able report had been 
drawn up, and therefore it was not necessary for him to address 
them at any length. He might say, however, that the institution 
was founded for the clothing, maintenance, and education of 
the daughters of decayed Freemasons, and it provided that the 
daughters of trustworthy Freemasons should not be left to the 
pangs of misery and ignorance. One important point was that 
it was supported entirely by voluntary contributions, and since 
its foundation in 1788 it had educated, clothed, and maintained 
nearly 1000 girls. 

" It was specially interesting for him to be connected with 
that institution, as his grand-uncle, George IV., when Prince of 
Wales, was an earnest supporter of it, and was present at its 

" It had been the great object of the committee to give the 
girls a good, sound, simple, and useful education not what it 
had become the fashion to consider education, but an education 
without any ' padding.' In these days education was more 
thought of than it was fifty years ago, and, indeed, it was the 
great topic of -the day. But before this time the Freemasons 
were among the first to set a good example, and having set this 
good example early, it was their duty to keep it up. The com- 
mittee, in order to test the standard of education given in those 
schools, entered some of the names of pupils for the Cambridge 
Local Examinations, and, with very few exceptions, these girls 
so entered had passed the examinations with credit to themselves 
and to the institution. The institution was flourishing in every 
respect. During the past year 100 girls had been received into 

i 2 


the institution, and as many had gone forth ready to take their 
place in the every-day life of men and women, well instructed 
in all the duties of the positions they would be called upon to 
fill. He urged that it had become necessary to build afresh, and 
as he had himself found that building could not be carried out 
for nothing, the subscriptions of the brethren were looked for 
to assist the committee." 

The secretary read the list of subscriptions, which included 100 
guineas from His Eoyal Highness the Prince, and 25 guineas from 
the Princess, and though forty lists were not given in the sub- 
scriptions already received amounted to 5000. On a later page 
will be found the record of another anniversary, when the Prince 
presided, and when the subscriptions were about 50,000. 

The year 1888 is the centenary of the Institution, which 
flourishes, at St. John's Hill, Battersea Eise. The girls are 
admitted at eight years of age, and maintained until sixteen. 
There are nearly 250 in the school. The annual revenue, from all 
sources, is about 15,500. 

May 17th, 1871. 

IN the summer of 1870 the foundation-stone of a new wing to the- 
splendid edifice of the Earlswood Asylum for Idiots, had been laid 
by the Prince and Princess of Wales. The Prince further showed 
his interest in the institution by presiding at the anniversary 
festival, held at the London Tavern on the 17th of May, 1871, 
The Asylum, originally established at Highgate in 1847, was 
incorporated by Eoyal Charter in 1862. Her Majesty is patroness 
of the charity. 

On the removal of the cloth, the Prince gave the toast of " Her 
Majesty the Queen, as the Patroness of the Institution," which was 
received with every mark of respect, as was also that of " The 
Prince and Princess of Wales, and the rest of the Eoyal Family," 
proposed by the Duke of Wellington. 

His Eoyal Highness, in proposing the toast of " The Army, 
Navy, Militia, and Volunteers," expressed a hope that " the great 
name which the Army and Navy bore in English history would 
always remain unsullied in days to come. We were now at 
peace, thank God, but we might never know from one day to 


another what might occur, and, therefore, we ought always to 
be prepared." 

Later in the evening, His Koyal Highness, in proposing the 
toast of the evening: "Prosperity to the Earlswood Idiot 
Asylum," said, " he felt convinced there was no charity which 
had a greater demand on the public sympathy and support than 
it, appealing as it did on behalf of the idiot classes, afflicted by 
the will of Providence, and unable for the most part to help 
themselves. The institution was happily in a highly flourishing 
condition, to the great praise of those who had all along in- 
terested themselves in its prosperity. In 1853 his lamented 
father, who was always ready to assist the afflicted and needy, 
laid the foundation-stone of the present institution; in 1866 
the Princess of Wales and himself interested themselves in a 
bazaar for raising funds for the erection of a new wing to the 
building, and in 1869 Her Eoyal Highness and himself in- 
augurated that new wing. 

" It was a matter of satisfaction to his family and himself 
that they had connected themselves with an institution which 
aimed at so much practical good, and which was now in so 
flourishing a state. It was in 1847 that the late Dr. Eeed 
brought the state of the idiot portion of the community under 
public notice ; and from that time to this much had been done 
to ameliorate the condition of that most unfortunate class of 
our fellow creatures. Although the cases were comparatively 
rare in which cures had been made, still cures had been effected, 
and practical experience had shown that the mental state of 
those unfortunate beings was susceptible of manifest improve- 
ment by the exercise of care and attention well directed by 
intelligent and experienced persons. Many of them were taught 
music, and others some trade or handicraft, and in that way 
their hands and minds were occupied. There were cases in 
which patients so engaged had improved so much as to be able 
to return to their families, and afterwards to follow a trade 
which they had learnt in the institution. The Institution had 
been very highly praised by the Lunacy Commissioners, and he 
might remind the company that it was supported by voluntary 
contributions. This year, he believed, the contributions had 
exceeded those of any previous one, but an infirmary had become 


necessary, although no epidemic had hitherto occurred in the 
asylum; and as that would go far to exhaust the funds, he 
called upon the company to do their utmost to replenish them. 
His Royal Highness made a passing allusion, by way of example, 
to the fact that an anonymous benefactor had thrice contributed 
the sum of 1000 to the treasury of the institution, and in 
conclusion he earnestly appealed to the audience to do what in 
them lay towards the relief of that grievously afflicted class of 
their fellow creatures." 

At the close of the festival Mr. William Nicholas, the secretary, 
announced that the subscriptions in the course of the evening 
amounted in all to 4197 odd, including a sum of 100 guineas, 
under initials, which left no doubt that it was a donation by His 
Royal Highness the Chairman. 

June 2nd, 1871. 

AMONG the many institutions for homeless and orphan boys, the 
Cottage Homes at Farningham are less heard of than some others 
which make more clamorous appeals to the public. But they have 
for many years been the scene of useful and beneficent work, and 
deserve larger support. At Farningham there are 300 little boys, 
homeless, and in danger of falling into evil ways, who are clothed, 
fed, educated, and taught some trade by which they can earn 
their own living. They are then provided with outfit, and placed 
in situations, where they are looked after as Old Boys. This is a 
charity which was certain to awaken the sympathy and receive 
the support of the Prince of "Wales, when brought under his 

On the 2nd of June, 1871, His Royal Highness presided at a 
festival at the Freemasons' Hall for the benefit of the charity. 
He had already with the Princess of Wales visited the Homes at 
Farningham, and then laid the foundation-stone of the new 
buildings there. At the festival dinner, in giving the toast, 
" Prosperity to the Home for Little Boys," the following is the 
substance of what the Prince said : 

" The object of the promoters of this excellent charity had 
been to take from the highways of this vast Metropolis those 
unfortunate little beings who had been deprived of their parents, 
or who had no homes, and to clothe, feed, educate, and train 
them so that they might be enabled to go forth into the world 


with a knowledge of some trade, and qualified, when they left 
this admirable home, to earn their living, by being removed from 
the temptations to crime, incident to the state of destitution in 
which they were found. What could be more dreadful than to 
see from day to day those wretched miserable little children, 
who swarmed in our streets, who knew as little as we did how 
or where they could live, or who were their parents and natural 
protectors ? 

" It must be felt, then, to be the duty of every good Christian 
to endeavour to ameliorate the condition of that class of our 
fellow-creatures. He could speak from experience of the good 
that had been done by this charity, because he had, with the 
Princess, visited the institution. The asylum was erected about 
seven years ago near Tottenham, but as it was thought desirable 
to move further into the country, about 90 acres of ground were 
purchased near Farningham, in Kent, and the homes were 
established there. He then described the education received by 
the boys, their excellent schooling in such subjects as arithmetic 
and geography, besides the industrial training, which was a 
special feature of the institution. He found that they were 
taught to make clothes, boots, mats, &c. ; there was a carpenters' 
shop and a painters' shop, and a paper-bag shop ; they had a 
printing establishment, a laundry, a bakehouse, a garden, a farm, 
and there were means for teaching the pupils a great variety of 
other useful occupations, so that they might go forth good and 
honest young men, capable of gaining their own livelihood, 
instead of returning to those haunts of vice from which they 
had been snatched. The cost of the homes was about 9000 a 
year, but he was sorry to say the institution was still about 
5000 in debt. Mentioning the munificent donation of 1000, 
which had recently been received from some anonymous bene- 
factor, His Eoyal Highness concluded, amid prolonged cheers, 
by urging those present to contribute liberally, and to try to 
persuade others to support this excellent institution, and so to 
rescue as many as possible of the poor little suffering children 
of the country, who had neither father nor mother living, from 
wretchedness and crime." 

A list of subscriptions and donations during the dinner was 
read, amounting to the sum of 3464, including 1000 obtained 


from friends by Mr. Eobert Hanbury, then the President of the 
institution, and 150 from the Royal Chairman. 

Besides the Cottage Homes at Farningham, there are Orphan 
Homes at Swanley, where 200 orphan or fatherless boys are 
maintained, and receive technical education in various arts and 
industries, to fit them for a working life. 

June 28th, 1871. 

THE 56th anniversary festival of this institution was held on the 
28th of June, 1871, at the Freemasons' Tavern, under the pre- 
sidency of the Prince of Wales, who wore the Highland costume, 
supported by Prince Arthur and the Duke of Cambridge. About 
350 sat down to dinner, a large proportion being dressed in full 
Highland costume, among whom were the Duke of Buccleuch, K.G., 
President; the Duke of Richmond, K.G. ; the Marquis of Lome, 
M.P. ; the Marquis of Huntly, the Earl of Fife, the Earl of Mar, 
and the Earl of March. 

His Royal Highness the Chairman, in proposing the toast of 
" Her Majesty the Queen," alluded to the fact that Her Majesty 
was the patroness of this institution, in which she had always 
taken the warmest interest. 

The Duke of Buccleuch proposed " The health of His Royal 
Highness the Chairman, the Princess of Wales, and the rest of the 
Royal Family." Since the foundation of this institution in 1815 
the Royal Family had always responded most generously to every 
appeal that had been made to them on its behalf, and he trusted 
that in consequence of the presence of His Royal Highness on that 
occasion the funds of the charity would be considerably increased. 
He reminded his audience that among his other titles His Royal 
Highness possessed that of the Duke of Rothesay. 

The toast was received with Highland honours, followed by the 
breaking of the glasses from which it had been drunk. The 
Gaelic verses timing the cheers were recited by Mr. Donald 

His Royal Highness the Chairman "expressed his sincere 
thanks at the enthusiastic reception which had been given to 
the toast, and his gratification that it had been drunk with 
Highland honours. He was very sensible of the kindness of 
the feeling that had prompted the latter act, and he begged to 
be regarded on that occasion rather as the Duke of Rothesay 
than as the Prince of Wales. This excellent institution had 


been associated for so many years past with various members of 
his family that he was rejoiced to be able to be there that night 
to plead in its favour." 

His Eoyal Highness in proposing " The Army, the Navy, and 
the Eeserve Forces," took occasion to refer to the changes that 
were about to be effected in the organization of the army, and 
" expressed a hope that those changes, whatever they might be, 
would place the safety of the country upon a secure foundation, 
and would enable us to prove that the author of the well-known 
Battle of Dorking was a false prophet. The writer of that 
interesting production, however, deserved our thanks, inasmuch 
as he had pointed out to us the danger of being 'caught 
napping.' i He begged to couple with the toast the name of his 
Eoyal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, who had already acted 
as chairman of the festivals of the charity, of Sir A. Milne, and 
of Colonel Loyd Lindsay, who had given such an impetus to the 
Volunteer movement, and who had taken such an active part in 
promoting the fund for the relief of the sick and wounded during 
the late war." 

His Eoyal Highness in proposing the toast of the evening, 
" Prosperity to the Eoyal Caledonian Asylum," referred to " the 
objects of the institution which is for supporting and educating 
the children of soldiers, sailors, and marines, natives of Scotland, 
who have died or been disabled in the service of their country, 
and of indigent Scotch parents resident in London. The charity 
had been founded in 1815, a memorable year for this country, 
and from that time until his death his lamented grandfather had 
presided over its interests. For his own part he could only 
express the satisfaction he felt at being connected with an 
institution which had received the patronage of Eoyalty for so 
long a period. On the occasion when his grandfather had pre- 
sided at one of the festivals of the institution a large sum of 
money was subscribed for its support, and he trusted on that 
occasion its funds would be considerably increased, so as to 
enable the thirty vacancies to be filled up, in addition to pro- 
viding board, lodging, clothing, and education for the 110 boys 
and girls now received within the building. The children were 
given a thoroughly sound education, and many of those who had 
been brought up in the establishment had subsequently dis- 


tinguished themselves in the Army, the Navy, and the Law. 
This charity, which was entirely supported by voluntary con- 
tributions, was the only one in London intended solely for the 
children of Scotch parents, and, therefore, he called upon all 
Scotchmen to contribute liberally in aid of its funds. It con- 
ferred much happiness upon our soldiers and sailors that they 
were able to feel assured that in the event of their death in 
action their children would be brought up in decency and 
comfort, and that they would not be allowed to fall victims to 
want and sin." 

The toast was drunk with three times three. His Royal High- 
ness the Chairman then briefly proposed " The Health of his Grace 
the Duke of Buccleuch, the President of the Institution," to which 
his Grace responded. 

The donations announced amounted to about 2000. 

During the course of the evening, the children, headed by their 
pipers, marched round the room. 

August !/, 1871. 

THE Royal Agricultural Society, of which the Prince of Wales is 
President, held its annual meeting at Dublin in 1871. The occa- 
sion was taken for a royal visit to Ireland. The Prince of Wales 
was accompanied by the Princess Louise, the Marquis of Lome, 
and his young brother, Prince Arthur, better known in after 
years as the Duke of Connaught. Of all the Royal family, this 
son of the Queen has special relation to Ireland. One of his names 
he bears after the great Duke of Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, 
an Irishman ; another of his names is after an Irish saint, and 
lie sits in the House of Lords by an Irish title. Born in May 1850, 
Arthur Patrick was only a little past coming of age at this time. 

The warm-hearted Irish people gave the royal Princes a truly 
cordial welcome. On arriving at Dublin, there was not merely 
official display, but the popular reception was not only friendly 
but enthusiastic. Flags waved everywhere, and as it was late in 
the evening, the city was illuminated, and Cead mille failthe shone 
out in conspicuous brilliancy. From a few knots of Fenians there 
were heard slight sounds of hissing, but any hostile feeling was 
overborne by the general rejoicing. 

When the train from Kingstown arrived at Westland Row 
Terminus, the Lord Mayor and Corporation met the Royal visitors, 


and the Town Clerk read an address to which the Prince made 
an appropriate reply. 

On the next day, August 1st, the royal visitors, having witnessed 
a cricket match in College Park, and had luncheon with the 
officers of the Grenadier Guards, went to the Show-yard in the 
afternoon. The Prince of Wales proceeded to the Council-room, 
and signed the minutes of the last meeting, in the capacity of 
President of the Council. The inspection of the horses, cattle, 
and sheep was then made. Among the awards, made by the 
judges of the Show in the forenoon, was a prize for the best pen 
of shearling ewes, exhibited by His Royal Highness. 

The annual banquet was given in the evening at the Exhibi- 
tion Palace. It was a brilliant and successful affair. About 450 
guests were present, and the galleries were thronged with ladies. 
When the Prince entered and took his place at the head of the 
table there was tumultuous applause. After dinner the Prince rose 
and said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, The first toast which I have the 
honour of proposing to you this evening is one which I am sure 
will be heartily received by you. It is ' The Health of Her 
Majesty the Queen.' In proposing this toast I am convinced 
that the Queen has a part in the best wishes of the Irish people. 
Although, unfortunately, some time has elapsed since she has 
been over in Ireland, still I hope the day will yet come when 
she may again come over. I am also convinced that the recep- 
tion she has met on former occasions she will meet with again. 
I will not add more, but ask you to drink the health of Her 
Majesty the Queen." 

The toast was drunk with loyal fervour. After a short interval 
the Prince of Wales again rose and said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, I have some slight difficulty in 
proposing the next toast, because it relates to members of my 
own family ; still, as it is on the list before me, I propose ' The 
Health of the rest of the Royal Family.' I am sure that it has 
been the wish of my brothers not to be useless appendages of 
the State, but to do all they can to serve their country. My 
brother, the Duke of Edinburgh, as you are aware, has for some 
time past been in the Royal Navy, and has had the advantage 
of seeing many countries, and I may say of twice sailing round 
the world. On my left is my brother who is serving in the 
Army, and who responds to this toast. I trust that he has also 
a bright career before him. He has some slight claim upon you, 


gentlemen, as lie bears the name of Patrick. Without saying 
more, I beg you to drink the health of the rest of the Eoyal 
Pamily, coupled with the name of Prince Arthur." 

His Royal Highness Prince Arthur, on rising to respond to the 
toast, was received with loud cheers, renewed during the short but 
effective and well delivered speech, in which he referred to a 
former visit to Ireland, when he was received with much kindness 
and cordiality. " That visit was certainly but a short one, but it 
was long enough to enable me to see a good deal of the country, 
and to inspire in me a lasting interest in all that concerns the 
welfare of Ireland." 

The Prince of Wales, in proposing the next toast, said : 

"Ladies and Gentlemen, It is now my pleasing duty to 
propose ' The Health of His Excellency the Lord-Lieutenant, and 
Prosperity to Ireland.' Nothing could give me greater pleasure 
than having the honour of proposing this toast. I am convinced 
that all the Lords-Lieutenant that come over to Ireland do their 
utmost to fulfil their duties, and sometimes they are very arduous 
ones, and I feel convinced that his Excellency on my right has 
the goodwill of the country. The theme before me Prosperity 
to Ireland is one that might be enlarged upon greatly. Nobody 
wishes more sincerely than I do prosperity to this country. No 
one in the large assemblage which crowds this hall, and no one 
outside this hall, could more largely wish for the prosperity of 
Ireland which was so dear to them. I think I may say without 
fear of contradiction, that at the present moment Ireland is rich 
and prosperous. There has been a great decrease of pauperism 
and of crime, and I may say that what will do more than any- 
thing else towards making a country prosperous is the extension 
of its agriculture. It was with great pleasure that I accepted 
the position of President of the Eoyal Agricultural Society, and 
it afforded me great pleasure to be present for a short time at 
the Show to-day. My brother has already alluded in his speech 
to the fine animals we saw, and I may add that I feel sure that 
in no other part of the United Kingdom could a more creditable 
Show be held than that which was opened near Dublin this 
morning. During the last four years there has been a great 
improvement in every respect in the shows of the Koyal Agri- 
cultural Societies. I believe I am not wrong in stating that in 
1867 the entries in the department of horses numbered 257, and 


now, on this occasion, they are but one short of 600. That alone 
shows the interest which all classes of the community take in 
these Shows, and how anxious each one is to do all in his power 
to promote the object it has in view." 

Alluding to the interest which the Earl of Pembroke had shown 
in the welfare of the country, and his liberality in granting a site 
for the Showyard, His Royal Highness said : 

" I am assured that if the many gentlemen and landlords 
who very often find some difficulty in leaving England, but 
who have large interests and large estates in this country, could 
contrive to come over here more frequently, it would do more 
good than anything else I could imagine. I am certain that 
they are anxious to come over, and that their relations with 
their tenantry and those around them should be in every respect 
good. I may also here refer to the great improvement made in 
the erection of farm buildings and cottages. Beyond doubt 
there has been progress in the direction of improvement there ; 
but still I believe much yet remains to be done. Everything 
depends upon the well-being of the people, and if they are 
properly lodged it tends to cleanliness, and very possibly to 
moral advantage. Perhaps I may be allowed to speak of a 
slight personal experience in that matter. I have a srnal( 
estate in Norfolk, and observed myself the greatest importance 
of providing suitable small cottages for those resident there, 
and, having done so, now reap immense advantage. I am sure 
that this is a question which belongs in itself to the well-being 
of Irish agriculture, and which will accordingly receive the best 
consideration of this society. There are many other topics upon 
which I might enlarge, but as there are still many toasts to be 
proposed and responded to, time will not permit. Besides, as 
you are aware, the excellent society under whose auspices we 
are assembled, while endeavouring to do as much good as 
possible, has no political connection whatever. You will, there- 
fore, I am sure, forgive me if I do not enlarge more fully on 
other topics which might have some political bearing. I give 
you ' The Health of his Excellency the Lord-Lieutenant, and 
Prosperity to Ireland.' " 

The Lord-Lieutenant, Earl Spencer, in responding, said that 
since they last met there had been much prosperity in the country. 


It was a happy thing that they were able to mark this. The 
calling out of the Irish Militia had tended to encourage the con- 
fidence and loyalty of the people. His Excellency hoped that the 
improved relations established by recent legislation between land- 
lord and tenant would have beneficial effects. 

His Excellency then proposed " The Health of the Prince of 
Wales," who responded, and after several other toasts the party 

The Eoyal visitors, accompanied by the Countess Spencer and 
the Princess Louise, afterwards proceeded to the Lady Mayoress's 
ball at the Mansion House. The city was brilliantly illuminated 
at night. 

The enthusiastic reception of the Eoyal Princes, and the success 
of this visit to Ireland gave much public satisfaction at the time, 
and is regarded with interest now, in the light of subsequent 
events. There had been some misgivings, lest the Prince might 
meet with an uncourteous or at least a cold and uncordial reception. 
But this had never been the way of Irishmen, even under what 
might seem unpropitious conditions. The most loyal and enthu- 
siastic greeting ever given to a Sovereign, was that which 
welcomed the Queen in 1849, just after the treason of Mr. Smith 
O'Brien, and at the close of a long period of agitation. Still more 
remarkable was the welcome given to George IV. in 1821. There 
were neither personal nor political reasons for expecting much 
enthusiasm on that occasion. It was well known that the new 
king, like his father before him, and the brother who then stood 
next to the throne, were determined opponents of Catholic Eman- 
cipation. But no sooner had this king set foot on Irish soil, and 
left the name of Kingstown to the place where he landed, than 
every political grievance, penal laws and Protestant ascendency, 
were all for the time forgotten. The truth is that whatever 
agitation may be at the surface, the masses of the Irish nation, like 
the deep waters of the ocean, are not so disturbed as to move them 
to disaffection or disloyalty. There was no Irishman more loyal 
than Daniel O'Connell, and many of the Home Kulers of our own 
day are not less loyal to the British Crown. There is no fear of 
the Queen or any of her children being received by the mass of 
the Irish people without demonstrations of joy. Eather the com- 
plaint is that Ireland has so much less of the Eoyal sunshine than 
Scotland enjoys, and it might be well if the sister island became 
the permanent residence of a member of the reigning House. 

Such thoughts have no bearing on party politics, but are 
naturally suggested in remembering the reception given in 1871 
to the heir to the British Crown. 

A succession of engagements and of entertainments took place, 
as on the visit of the Prince and Princess of Wales in 1868. The 
military display in the Phoanix Park was even more brilliant than 
on that occasion. One notable incident in 1871 was the installa- 


tion, with great ceremony, of His Eoyal Highness as Grand Patron 
of the Masonic Institution in Ireland. A formal address of welcome 
having been read, His Eoyal Highness made the following reply: 

" Most Worshipful Sir and Brethren, I thank you very 
much for your cordial and grateful address, and for the kind 
sentiments expressed in it towards myself. It was a source 'of 
considerable satisfaction to me when I was elected a member of 
the craft, and I think I may without presumption point to the 
different Masonic meetings which, since my initiation, I have 
fraternally attended. As a proof of the interest I take in all 
that relates to Freemasonry, I can assure you that it has afforded 
me great gratification to become the Patron of the Most Ancient 
and Honourable Society of Free and Accepted Masons in 
Ireland, and that an opportunity has been given to me by 
my visit to Ireland of being installed here to-day." 

The Grand Master then clothed His Eoyal Highness ^with the 
collar, apron, and jewel, as Patron. The Brethren then, according 
to ancient custom, saluted the Prince as Patron of the Order in 
Ireland, the Grand Master himself giving the word. His Eoyal 
Highness then said : 

" Most Worshipful Sir and Brethren, I have now to thank 
you heartily and cordially for your fraternal reception, and for 
the honour you have done me, and I beg to assure you of the 
pleasure I feel on having been invited to become the Patron of 
the Order of Freemasons in Ireland. It is a source of consider- 
able satisfaction to me to know that my visit to this country 
has afforded this opportunity of meeting you, Brethren, in 
Lodge, and so interchanging these frank and hearty greetings. 
It is true I have not been a Mason very long. I was initiated, 
as you perhaps know, in London, a few years ago, after which 
I visited the Grand Original Lodge of Denmark, and a short 
time afterwards I had the signal satisfaction of being elected a 
Past Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England. 
Last year I had the honour of being elected Patron of the Order 
in Scotland; and, Brethren, though last, not least, comes the 
special honour you have conferred on me. I thank you for it 
from the bottom of my heart. I may, I think, refer with some 
pride to the number of Masonic meetings I have attended in 
England since my initiation as a proof of my deep attachment 


to your Order. I know, we all know, how good and holy a 
thing Freemasonry is, how excellent are its principles, and how 
perfect the doctrine it sets forth; but forgive me if I remind 
you that some of our friends outside are not as well acquainted 
with its merits as we are ourselves, and that a most mistaken 
idea prevails in some minds that, because we are a secret 
society, we meet for political purposes, or have a political bias 
in what we do. I am delighted, Brethren, to have this oppor- 
tunity of proclaiming what I am satisfied you will agree with 
me in that we have as Masons no politics ; that the great 
object of our Order is to strengthen the bonds of fraternal affec- 
tion, and to make us live in pure and Christian love with all 
men ; that though a secret we are not a political body ; and that 
our Masonic principles and hopes are essential parts of our 
attachment to the Constitution and loyalty to the Crown." 

His Eoyal Highness's address was received with great applause. 
The Lodge was then closed in due form. 


How much the Prince of Wales had endeared himself to all classes 
in the nation was attested by the deep anxiety and the universal 
sorrow when he was struck down with illness in December, 1871. 
Those who remember that time, can tell how, for some weeks, all 
thoughts were turned to the chamber of sickness at Sandringham ; 
with what earnest anxiety the daily bulletins were looked for ; and 
with what fervent devotion the prayers of millions ascended to the 
throne of grace. The " dark December " of 1861, when the good 
Prince Consort lay on his deathbed, increased the ominous fore- 
boding. Touching incidents of that critical period are still told. The 
watchful attendance of the Princess of Wales was illustrated in no 
way more strikingly than in the anecdote of her request to the clergy- 
man at Sandringham to alter the order of the morning service so as 
to let her, after joining in the public prayer for recovery, hasten 
back to her husband's side. We remember, too, the affectionate 
anxiety of the royal mother, and brothers and sisters ; and how the 
Prince himself, when he recovered consciousness, asked thoughtfully 
about the condition of the servant, who died of the same fever 
which nearly proved fatal to his master. 

Had the Prince been " taken " at this period of his life, history 
would have recorded the loss in terms of tender regret, such as had 
been, more than once, felt towards Princes of Wales who died 


before coming to the throne. The eldest son of James I., for 
instance, was long remembered with deepest sorrow, so much was 
he loved, and so large the hopes of the nation which had been 
centered in him. Had our Prince been lost in that illness, there 
would have been another instance of what inspired one of the 
noblest of all passages in classic literature, the " Tu Marcellus eris " 
of Virgil. Happily it was otherwise ordained, and the enthusiasm 
of joyful thankfulness at the recovery of the Prince was as truly 
national as had been the anxiety and grief at his illness. The 
special Thanksgiving Collect, written by the Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, expressed well the universal feeling of the nation : 

" Father of mercies and God of all comfort, we thank Thee 
that Thou hast heard the prayers of this nation in the day of our 
trial. We praise and magnify Thy glorious name for that Thou 
hast raised Thy servant Albert Edward Prince of Wales from the 
bed of sickness. Thou castest down and Thou liftest up, and 
health and strength are Thy gifts. We pray Thee to perfect the 
recoveiy of Thy servant, and to crown him day by day with more 
abundant blessings both for body and soul ; through Jesus Christ 
our Lord. Amen." 

When the Thanksgiving day was proclaimed, it was still doubtful 
whether the Prince himself would be allowed by his medical 
attendants to risk the winter journey for Osborne, along with the 
Queen. But his own desire to be present nerved him for the 
effort, and he obtained the assent of Sir James Paget, who had 
gone specially to give his opinion. 

The danger had increased in the end of November and the first 
weeks of December. The first hopeful announcement was made on 
December 17th, and on January 3rd convalescence had decidedly 
begun. A public thanksgiving service was proclaimed for the 
21st of January. On February 22nd the Letter of the Queen to 
the nation was published, and then followed the National Thanks- 
giving Service in St. Paul's on the 27th. 

With regard to the Eoyal procession, and the display inside the 
Cathedral, the scene was far less imposing than on that famous 
day, the 23rd of April, 1789, when King George III. and Queen 
Charlotte went to St. Paul's to return public thanks for His 
Majesty's restoration to health. On that occasion there was more 
of heraldic pageantry, and more of official display, than accords 
with modern usage. But everything was done to make this 
assemblage as far as possible representative of all classes in social 
and public life. Not fewer than 13,000 persons had places allocated 
to them in the Cathedral. In the Times of Wednesday, February 
28th, a full classified list of the ticket-holders will be found. About 
300 Mayors and Provosts from all parts of the kingdom had places. 
There were 560 places for representatives of the Army and Navy. 
The Peers and Commons had 885 tickets for each house. The 
Dean of St. Paul's had nearly 1300 tickets at his disposal. The 
Corps Diplomatique, " distinguished foreigners," London School 


Board, the Board of Works, Learned Societies, Nonconformists, 
and numerous other bodies figure in the catalogue. The wearers of 
uniform and official dress, besides the gaudy civic corporations, 
gave variety to the scene. The Judges, English, Scotch, and 
Irish, with robes and wigs, gave warm tone to the Law corner. 
Special state chairs were occupied by the Lord Chancellor and the 
Speaker, representing Parliament. The Press had 80 places, and 
the " General Public " made up the number 12,480 tickets those 
who took part in the procession the stewards, police, firemen, and 
the officials bringing up the total to about 13,000. 

The crowds lining the streets, for about seven miles along which 
the procession passed, were innumerable ; and every window and 
coign of vantage, with numerous scaffoldings along the line, 
appeared filled with spectators. Not even when the Princess of 
Wales entered London was there such a dense multitude seen, and 
it is only on rare occasions that one can see " all London in the 
streets." In our time we can remember some such occasions 
the funeral of the Duke of Wellington, the reception of the Princess 
of Wales, and the entrance of Garibaldi, being among them. 

It was not in the Metropolis alone, that the rejoicing was 
universal. Every city and town had its festivities, and its services 
of thanksgiving in Church and Chapel. Addresses came, by 
hundreds, from all quarters, and the announcement was made of 
holiday gatherings, of crowded meetings, of illuminations, and 
every form of public rejoicing. The telegraph flashed news of 
similar excitement throughout the whole of the Empire ; and 
religious services were held wherever Englishmen are found on 
the Continent, in the Colonies, and in India. If ever a rejoicing 
could be called national and imperial, it was this, on the Thanks- 
giving Day for the recovery of the Prince of Wales. 

The service commenced with the Te Deum, composed expressly 
for the occasion by Dr. Goss. The music of the anthem, from the 
words of Psalm 118th, verses 14-21, and 28, was by the same 
composer. Among other musical pieces was the choral hymn, 
" Gotha," by the Prince Consort. The whole of the service, 
devotional and musical, was most impressive, and the special 
prayers and thanksgivings were joined in by the vast congregation 
with devoutest feeling. It was noted by one who was present, 
with regard to the familiar " General Thanksgiving," that " the 
sublimity of the service culminated, and reached its highest and 
intensest expression, during the silent pause which followed the 
inserted words : " Particularly to Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, 
who desires now to offer up his praises and thanksgiving for Thy 
late mercies vouchsafed to him." The famous words which close 
the poem of the Seasons : " Come then expressive silence muse His 
praise," could be well understood in that perfect pause of a few 
moments, almost awful in its intensity, in the service at St. Paul's 
Cathedral. When the anthem had been sung, the Archbishop of 
Canterbury gave a short sermon or address, from Romans xii. 5 : 


" Every one members one of another." This was followed by the 
special Thanksgiving Hymn, written by the Rev. J. S. Stone, 
author of " The Church's one foundation," and " Sonnets of the 
Sacred year." It was sung to the good and familiar tune Aurelia, 
by Dr. S. Wesley. Then the Archbishop pronounced the benedic- 
tion. "When the organ sounded the grand notes of the National 
Anthem, Her Majesty came forward and bowed twice, and the 
Prince bowed also. The organ continued to play variations of the 
anthem as the Eoyal procession moved down the nave. Thus 
ended tbis grand and joyful service, which will be remembered in 
English history. 

Altogether it is with the utmost gratification we can look back 
upon that memorable 27th of February. A demonstration more 
general and spontaneous has not been recorded even in the annals 
of this loyal nation. Among high and low, rich and poor, there 
was one harmonious spirit of thankful joy, in regard to the 
recovery of the Prince. But apart from the special and personal 
aspect of the occasion, there was much to cause national gratu- 
lation. The combined feeling of religion and of loyalty showed 
that in this England of ours, the divine precepts : " Fear God, 
Honour the King," are as inseparable as they are powerful, and 
that their influence pervades the nation, when circumstances call 
them into exercise. 

The words of the "Thanksgiving Hymn" well express the 
sentiment of the whole service of the day : 

" Thou our soul's salvation ! 

Our Hope for earthly weal ! 
We, who in tribulation 

Did for Thy mercy kneel, 
Lift up glad hearts before Thee, 

And eyes no longer dim, 
And for Thy grace adore Thee 

In eucharistic hymn. 

" Forth went the nation weeping 

With precious seed of prayer, 
Hope's awful vigil keeping 

'Mid rumours of despair; 
Then did Thy love deliver! 

And from Thy gracious hand, 
Joy, like the southern river, 

O'erflowed the weary land. 

" Bless Thou our adoration ! 

Our gladness sanctify ! 
Make this rejoicing nation 
To Thee by joy more nigh; 

K 2 


be tliis great Thanksgiving 

Throughout the land we raise, 
Wrought into holier living 

In all our after days! 

" Bless, Father, him Thou gavest 

Back to the loyal land, 
O Saviour, him Thou savest, 

Still cover with Thine Hand : 
Spirit, the Defender, 

Be his to guard and guide, 
Now in life's midday splendour 

On to the eventide ! " 

What may be the depth of the duration of the feelings thus- 
alluded to, it it not for man to judge ; but it is not as mere forms, 
that in tens of thousands of churches there are still uttered, week 
by week and day by day, prayers for the Queen, and for the Prince 
and Princess of Wales, expressing the faith, and the goodwill, 
and the loyalty, of the people of this empire, as truly and heartily 
as on that special thanksgiving day in St. Paul's. 

June IQth, 1872. 

THE loyal people of King's Lynn and its neighbourhood retained 
pleasant remembrance of the festival time when, in 1869, the 
Prince and Princess of Wales came to open the new Alexandra 
Dock. In 1872 they were gladdened by the announcement that 
the Royal visitors were again coming from Sandringham, on the 
19th June, to visit their ancient town, at the annual exhibition of 
the Norfolk Agricultural Society. At the east gate of Lynn the 
Royal carriage was met by the Mayor, who, with the Town Clerk, 
and two leading citizens, asked permission to conduct the Prince 
and Princess through the town. The Earl of Leicester and Lord 
Sondes were in the Royal carriage, a third carriage containing Lord 
Sheffield and Lady Anne Coke. At the entrance of the Show, an 
address was read, from the Norfolk Agricultural Association, to 
which the Prince made the following reply : 

" Gentlemen, I thank you sincerely for this : address. It 
has been a source of the greatest gratification to have had it in 
my power to contribute in any degree to the success of your 
association and to promote the interests of agriculture in 
Norfolk. It is with these feelings that I have endeavoured to 


make myself acquainted with some of the operations of farming, 
and to acquire some knowledge of stock, and if I have not 
always been successful in the path of competition, I have at 
least obtained prizes sufficient to encourage me to persevere, and 
to indulge in the hope that I shall obtain more. The Princess 
is always willing to come among you, and to be present on 
occasions like the present. We both desire to take this oppor- 
tunity of expressing the deep sense we entertain of the sympathy 
and interest which were manifested towards us in our late 
trials by yourselves and by every class in the county of 

Then followed the inspection of the Show, and the parade of the 
prize animals before the Grand Stand. The Prince was a success- 
ful exhibitor, having taken a second prize in Shorthorn heifers, a 
second prize in the class of ponies not above thirteen hands high, 
a first prize for the best Southdown ram, the second prize in 
Southdown ewe lambs, a second prize for ten wether lambs, two 
prizes (second and third) in the class of Norfolk and Suffolk red- 
polled cattle. 

In the afternoon at a banquet attended by a large number of 
guests, the Prince took the chair, with the Princess of Wales on 
his right. Grace having been said by the Bishop of Norwich, the 
toast of " The Queen " was received with, enthusiasm, and the Earl 
of Leicester then gave " The Health of the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, and the rest of the Eoyal Family." He tendered the 
thanks of the society to the Prince of Wales for the aid which he 
had extended to agriculture, for his liberal assistance to the local 
charities, for the interest which he had displayed in county affairs, 
and, last but not least, for his support to the fox-hounds. The 
society was also still more indebted to Her Eoyal Highness the 
Princess of Wales for her gracious presence that evening. Ladies 
ought always to interest themselves in their husbands' pursuits, 
and he believed that agriculture came quite within their province. 
The Earl next alluded to the illness of the Prince of Wales in 
December last, and expressed his hope that His Eoyal Highness's 
life might long be spared, as it would be devoted to the welfare of 
the people of England, and the promotion of all that was good and 
noble. The toast was drunk with rounds of cheering, renewed 
when the Prince rose to reply. 

His Royal Highness said that "he and the Princess were 
deeply thankful for the reception which they had experienced 
during the day. He was very glad that it had been in his 
power to fulfil the promise which he gave some time since that 
he would preside over the meeting. It had been a success, and 


he should ever esteem it a high compliment to have been asso- 
ciated with it. During the ten years in which he had lived in 
Norfolk, he had endeavoured not to lag behind those other 
county landlords who so ably fulfilled their duties. It would 
always be his earnest endeavour to promote the welfare of the 
county, in which he was much interested. He had to thank 
the meeting for the kind reception which the Princess of Wales 
always experienced whenever she appeared in public. It was 
most desirable that ladies should associate themselves in their 
husbands' pursuits, and when the Princess did not accompany 
him he always felt that there was something wanting. With 
regard to his illness, he should never forget the sympathy which 
had been extended towards him. He accepted that sympathy 
as a token of the feeling of this great and enlightened country 
towards himself and the Princess, the Queen, his mother, and 
the Monarchical system which we had adopted." 

After acknowledgment had been made by Lord Leicester, for 
the toast of the Lord-Lieutenant of the county, and the Bishop 
had responded for the Clergy, the Prince rose to give what he 
called the toast of the evening : " Prosperity to the Norfolk 
Agricultural Association." 

His Eoyal Highness traced " the progress of the society and 
especially the rapid advance which it had made since it adopted 
the principle of holding its Shows periodically in all the towns 
of the county, instead of limiting its meetings to Norwich and 
Swaffham only. At the present Show there were sixty more 
stock entries and one hundred more implements. Norfolk had 
always been held up as a great agricultural county, and was 
the home of the great nobleman, better known as ' Coke of 
Norfolk.' The fame of Coke of Norfolk had not been forgotten 
by his son, the present Earl of Leicester. The county was a 
great cattle-breeding county, the home of such men as Lord 
Sondes, Mr. Brown, Mr. Aylmer, and Mr. Overman. One other 
great Norfolk breeder, the late Lord Walsingham, had passed 
away, but he trusted that the present Lord Walsingham would 
continue to maintain the reputation of the Merton flock. 

" His Royal Highness expressed his own great personal interest 
in the Society and in the cause of agriculture generally. His 
late father, the Prince Consort, always felt the greatest interest 


in agriculture, and used to take his children to inspect his 
prize animals. It might be desirable to increase the area of the 
Society on the model of the Bath and West of England Society, 
by bringing in Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, and Essex. For his 
own part, he supported such an extension of the Society. A 
landlord ought to feel a pride in having the working classes 
properly housed on his estate. Those who worked from morning 
to night should find a comfortable house, which would promote 
their moral and social wellbeing. He had endeavoured to 
improve the cottages on his own estate, and he felt pride and 
satisfaction in having his workmen properly housed. In con- 
clusion, His Eoyal Highness strongly supported the idea of 
having a great county school for Norfolk, and said it would give 
him the greatest pleasure to support the enterprise." 

After various other toasts, the last being " The Ladies," proposed 
by the Koyal chairman, the Prince and Princess returned to 

July 5fk, 1872. 

THE Prince of Wales visited Yarmouth on Thursday, the 5th of 
July, 1872, and remained till Saturday as the guest of Mr. Cuddon 
at Shadingfield-lodge. The object of the visit was to open the 
New Grammar School, and more especially the official inspection 
of the Norfolk Artillery Militia, of which the Prince is Honorary 
Colonel. The good people of Yarmouth, however, were resolved 
to make the visit a general holiday, and great preparations were 
made for giving a loyal and enthusiastic reception. The town 
was gay with decorations, and the passage through the streets 
was like a triumphal procession. In replying to the Address of 
the Mayor and Corporation, the Prince said : 

" It was most gratifying to me to receive in February last the 
congratulations you offered me on my recovery from illness, and 
my gratification is increased at having it now in my power to 
thank you personally for your kindness and sympathy." 

Eeference was made to the same subject, in a feeling speech, in 
which the Prince responded to the toast of his health, at a banquet 
given by the Mayor : 


" Allow me to thank you, Mr. Mayor, for the very kind and 
touching manner in which you have proposed my health, and 
to return you all my sincere thanks for the cordial manner in 
which you have drunk it. I assure you it gives me more than 
ordinary pleasure to be here to-day. This is the first occasion 
since my return from abroad that I have met with an official 
reception, and my pleasure is increased from the fact that I 
regard myself as a Norfolk man. I have also to acknowledge 
the very high honour conferred upon me last year in my having 
been appointed Honorary Colonel of the Norfolk Militia Artil- 
lery, and to say how glad I am to find on coming to inspect 
them that they have their head-quarters at Yarmouth, for 
although my residence is not very near you, still you will 
believe me when I assure you that I entertain the same senti- 
ments with regard to your borough of Great Yarmouth as I do 
towards Lynn, and all the other towns of Norfolk. I have also 
again to thank you for your sympathy during my illness. It is 
difficult for me now to speak upon that subject, but as it has 
pleased Almighty God to preserve me to my country I hope I 
may not be ungrateful for the feeling which has been shown 
towards me, and that I may do all that I can to be of use to my 
countrymen. I will not detain you much longer, but before 
sitting down it affords me great pleasure to propose to you a 
toast which I am sure you will all drink most heartily, and 
that is the health of the Mayor. I regard him as the represen- 
tative of the people of Yarmouth, and tender to liim my 
warmest thanks for the cordial and impressive welcome I have 
received. I feel convinced that, although my stay among you 
will unfortunately be short, it will be agreeable ; and I trust 
that the sun which shines so brilliantly at present will continue 
to favour us during the next two days." 

His Royal Highness was loudly cheered throughout his speech, 
especially upon his declaration that he was a Norfolk man, and 
still more so upon referring to his recovery. 

_ The Mayor having responded, the Prince rose and proceeded to 
his carriage, and drove at a slow pace by a circuitous route through 
the town and along the Marine Parade to the Grammar School. 
Here he was received by the Head Master, and an Address was 
presented by Sir Edmond Lacon, Chairman of the Trustees of the 
School, to which the Prince replied : 


" I tliank you sincerely for the expressions of your kind feel- 
ing at my recovery. It is a source of the greatest satisfaction 
to me to have an opportunity of assisting, in whatever form it 
may be, in the great work of education. It is gratifying to see 
the schools of Edward VI. revived and devoted to the purpose 
for which they were founded, and those who are actively en- 
gaged in the work deserve the hearty thanks of the people to 
whom they extend the benefit which a practical religious 
education always confers. Success tells its own tale, and the 
numbers of the boys present in the school, together with those 
whom you expect to be added to it, enable me to congratulate 
the people of Yarmouth on your having revived an institution 
so calculated to promote their best interests." 

His Eoyal Highness then declared the school open, and, with 
the permission of the authorities, prayed that the boys be 
granted an extra week's holiday at Midsummer in remembrance 
of his visit. 

On the next day the Prince made the official inspection of the 
Artillery ; afterwards dining with the officers of his regiment. 

THE Prince of Wales being Colonel of the Norfolk Artillery 
Militia, has occasion to visit Great Yarmouth more frequently than 
lie might otherwise do. At the time of the inspection in 1887, 
advantage was taken of his presence for laying the foundation of 
the new hospital, the old one having been in use since 1838, and 
being too small, and unsuitable for the increased requirements of 
the borough. The foundation stone of the new edifice was laid 
with masonic ceremony on the 18th of May, 1887. The Prince 
was accompanied by Lord Charles Beresford, and a large muster of 
the brethren of the Craft assembled to meet the Grand Master. 
An imposing procession proceeded from the Town Hall to the site 
of the Hospital. The crowds in the streets were great, and the 
ceremony excited much interest in the town. To an address from 
the Corporation, the Prince replied in gracious terms ; expressing 
his gratification at being able again to visit the ancient borough, 
and to assist in so good a work ; adding, that though it was his 
sixth visit, he hoped it would not be the last, as he always looked 
forward with the greatest pleasure to coming to Great Yarmouth. 


July 25th, 1872. 

THE Horticultural Gardens at South Kensington had seen many 
vicissitudes, and been turned to many uses, before it ceased to be 
the head-quarters of the science and art of gardening. But the 
ground was never turned to better use than when it was lent for 
the Annual Keview of the thousands of boys belonging to the 
Training Ships and the Pauper Schools of the Metropolitan District 
Unions. Two of these annual reviews had been held, under the 
auspices of the Society of Arts, when in 1872, on the 25th of July, 
the Prince of Wales was asked, as President of that Society, to 
take the leading part in the proceedings of the day. 

About 4000 boys in all mustered, each little regiment marching 
on the ground with its own band playing and banner flying. The 
Greenwich Royal Naval School, of 700 boys, were conspicuous in 
their neat sailor uniforms. The lads of the Warspite, Goliath, 
and Chichester training ships also made a good appearance. The 
Greenwich boys, having the advantage of nioi-e thorough training 
and instruction, were excluded from the competition in the drill 
exercises for which other schools entered. 

Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar watched each school at drill 
under its own inspector, and adjudged the prizes to be afterwards 
distributed by the Prince of Wales. A Serjeant-major of the 
Guards was in charge of the parade, and of the march past the 
saluting point. The arrangements of the day had been chiefly 
organized by Major Donelly, R.E., to whom great praise was due. 

The boys had been at work for some hours, when at 4 P.M., the 
Prince and Princess of Wales arrived on the ground, accompanied 
by their two eldest boys in sailors' costume. The prizes were dis- 
tributed in the Royal Albert Hall. The Princess went to the 
Royal box, but the Royal princes went with their father to the 
dai's, where they were welcomed with great clapping of hands, by 
the thousands of boys, and the thousand adult spectators of the 
scene. Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar had adjudged the first 
prize to the boys of the Goliath; the second to the boys of the 
Shoreditch School at Brentford ; and the third to the Lambeth 
School at Lower Norwood. 

After a short address by General Sir Eardley Wilmot, speaking 
in the name of the Council of the Society of Arts, 

The Prince of Wales rose, and in an excellent impromptu 
speech "assured the members of the Council and the boys 
(addressing the latter in kindly way as ' you, my young friends '), 
of the pleasure it gave the Princess, his two sons, and himself 


to be present. Congratulating the schools on their excellent 
marching, and on the favourable report just read, His Eoyal 
Highness added that he hoped the boys had been up to the 
mark in their studies as well as their drill." 

Two boys of each prize school came in succession to the dai's, and 
received the prize banners from the Prince's hand. The Prince 
and his sons then joined the Princess in her box, and it was a 
striking scene when, after some bars of prelude, the words of ' God 
Bless the Prince of Wales ' were taken up by a thousand young 
and clear voices, the Prince and Princess and the two lads standing 
in the front of the box while it was sung. The last of the pro- 
gramme was then fulfilled by the bands playing a selection of 

The sight altogether was most gratifying. Here were 4000 boys, 
most of them paupers, many of them orphans, receiving an excellent 
education, a training in physical aptitudes and habits of obedience 
as well as in mental studies. The Greenwich School is composed 
of the children of seamen being educated for the sea, but the three 
thousand and more boys of the other schools must in large part be 
looked upon as so much material reclaimed to humanity. In fact, 
these three thousand and more boys may, in the words of a paper 
put forth by the Society of Arts, " be beheld with confident satis- 
faction as victims rescued ' from ' the bad,' and preserved for the 
good as honest, self-supporting producers, and worthy members of 
the community." 

August llth, 1872. 

ON the llth of August, 1872, the Prince of Wales went from 
Osborne in the Boyal yacht Victoria and Albert, to inaugurate the 
completed Breakwater and Harbour of Eefuge at Portland, and to 
pay a visit to Weymouth, the favourite resort of the Prince's great- 
grandfather, George III. A magnificent fleet of ironclads, headed 
by the Minotaur, bearing the flag of Admiral Hornby, and many 
other vessels, were in attendance for the ceremony, of which 
fifteen were first-rate ironclad ships of war. 

The weather was stormy, and the sea had been too disturbed for 
the comfort of the Civil Lords of the Admiralty ; but the Prince 
showed no signs of suffering from the rough voyage, and manfully 
went through the proceedings of the day. The stone being laid, 
prayers were said by a clergyman, plaster was spread on the sur- 
face on which the last of seven million tons of Portland stone 
was to find a firm resting-place, the usual glass bottle containing 


newspapers, coins, and a chart of the island and the breakwater 
was laid in the groove prepared, and, when the Prince himself had 
spread some mortar, the great block was lowered into its place. 
His Eoyal Highness then struck thi-ee blows upon it with an ivory 
mallet, tested it with a silver level, and completed a very short but 
sufficient ceremony, by saying, " I now declare this stone to be 
well and truly laid and this great work to be complete." At the 
concerted signal of a lowered colour, the guns of the fort began to 
fire a salute, and the spectators raised a cheer. The inscription on 
the stone read as follows, the concluding quotation having been 
added, it is stated, by the Prince himself : 

"From this spot, on the 25th of July, 1849, His Eoyal High- 
ness Prince Albert, Consort of Queen Victoria, deposited the 
iirst stone of this breakwater. Upon the same spot, on the 
10th of August, 1872, Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, laid this 
last stone, and declared the work complete." 

" ' These are imperial works, and worthy Kings.' " 

At the end of the ceremony the Eoj'al yacht steamed towards 
Weyrnouth, and after a rather uncomfortable passage, through a 
choppy sea and over the bar, in the Eoyal barge, the Prince landed 
at the end of the pier. Here the Mayor and Corporation presented 
an address, which declared that " His Eoyal Highness had added 
one more link to the golden chain of favours already conferred by 
Eoyalty on this ancient borough." A luncheon was given by 
Mr. Hambro, the senior member for Wey mouth. The streets were 
gaily decorated, and the people were loud in their loyal and joyful 
demonstrations. The Eo) al yacht returned to Osborne late in the 

December 17/A, 1872. 

THE tidings that the Prince and Princess of Wales were coming 
to Derby from Chatsworth, where they were on a visit to the 
Duke of Devonshire, caused great excitement in the district. 
Trains brought crowds from Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield, 
Nottingham, and Chesterfield, to swell the populace of Derby. 

It was on the 17th of December, 1872, not far from the anniver- 
sary of the gloomiest time of the illness of the previous year, that 
the visit to Derby was made. There were several loyal addresses 
from civic, municipal, and other bodies, including one from the 
Freemasons of Derbyshire. The object of the Eoyal visit was 
mainly to present the prizes at the Derby Grammar School, one of 


the most flourishing of provincial middle- class schools. The pro- 
cession of carriages passed through streets crowded with people, 
with brilliant escort of troops, and decorations everywhere on the 
route. On arriving at the school Lord Belper delivered an address 
referring to the foundation and history of the institution, and the 
high scholastic standard aimed at. The Head Master, the Eev. W. 
Clark, having thanked the Prince and the Princess for coming, 
added that His Eoyal Highness had kindly said he would write his 
name in each of the prize-books in remembrance of the occasion : 

His Eoyal Highness, on rising, said, "Mr. Clark, Ladies, 
and Gentlemen, I beg you to accept from the Princess, as well 
as myself, our cordial thanks for the very kind words that have 
been addressed to us. I can assure you that I have come here 
with feelings of the greatest pleasure, and we are glad we 
accepted the kind invitation of the noble duke to visit Chats- 
worth, and that we have had the pleasure and advantage of 
visiting the ancient town of Derby. I have had great pleasure 
in presiding to-day and distributing the prizes to the successful 
competitors of the Derby school. This school, as you know, is 
one of the oldest in the kingdom, though I am afraid one of the 
poorest endowed. Still it has always borne the highest reputa- 
tion, which I feel convinced it will continue to maintain. To 
the young men to whom I have had the pleasure of distributing 
prizes allow me to offer my most hearty congratulations, and I 
trust they may continue to go on as they are doing now. If 
they do so they will be successful in whatever profession they 
enter. I will not detain you longer, but thank you once more 
for the kind reception you have given us this day, and also 
tender to the Mayor our cordial thanks for the hearty reception 
we have received in our progress through Derby." 

It may be added that the invitation to Derby was first suggested 
by the Trustees of the Grammar School, who in their petition, 
sent to Chatsworth, represented that this school, reputed to be one 
of the oldest in the kingdom, was also one of the most poorly 
endowed. This was an appeal which at once secured the goodwill 
of the Prince. Nor has he forgotten the school. On the 1 4th of 
November, 1888, he went to see "the Prince of Wales's Class 
Booms," erected as a memorial of his visit in 1872. In response 
to a petition presented by the captain of the school, the Prince 
obtained from the Head Master a promise of making November 14 
a perpetual holiday in remembrance of this visit. 


March 27lh, 1873. 

OK the evening of March 27, 1873, His Royal Highness the Prince 
of Wales, who had in the morning visited several artists' studios, 
and in the afternoon went to the House of Lords, presided at the 
annual dinner in aid of the Eailway Benevolent Institution, at 
Willis's Eooms. After dinner and grace the Royal Chairman gave 
the usual first toast, the health of Her Majesty the Queen, 
Patroness of the Railway Benevolent Institution. The Duke of 
Buckingham then proposed the health of the Prince and Princess 
of Wales ; and in so doing took occasion to say that it was not the 
first time His Royal Highness had taken interest in the Institution, 
and now he had done it the honour to preside at its annual 
festival. The toast being duly welcomed, the Prince said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, Although it is very unusual on 
a public occasion of this kind for the health of the Chairman to 
be given so early in the evening, yet mine has been proposed so 
kindly by the noble Duke and so well received, and has, more- 
over, been so kindly coupled with that of the Princess and the 
rest of my family, that I think it my duty to rise at once and 
respond to the toast. The noble Duke has been kind enough to 
say that my family and myself do what we can for the support 
of the great charitable Institutions of the country. I am very 
much flattered by those remarks. I can only assure you and 
I think I may speak for the other members of my family that 
it is one of our chief objects to come forward as often as we 
possibly can in support of Institutions which are so beneficial 
and so necessary to the well-being of the country, and which 
are always so munificently supported by all classes of the 
community. I thank you once more for the honour you have 
done me, and assure you that it is a great pleasure and gratifica- 
tion to me to take the chair here this evening." 

Other toasts being proposed and acknowledged, the Prince rose 
and said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, The toast I have now the honour 
to propose is a bumper toast, and I know it will be received as 
such. It is that of 'Prosperity to the Eailway Benevolent 
Institution and Board of Management.' When I look around 


me this evening and see how numerous is the assemblage before 
me, I feel convinced that you have come here intending to do 
honour to that toast, and to do your utmost in every way to 
support the Institution which to-day has reached its fifteenth 
anniversary. It is difficult for me, especially before you, who 
are so well acquainted with the merits of the Institution, to say 
anything new concerning it. Still I think it my duty, as your 
chairman, to mention a few facts by way of an appeal to your 

" The objects of the Kailway Benevolent Institution may be 
briefly mentioned under six heads. First, it has for its object 
the granting of annuities of from 10 to 25 to the distressed 
railway officers and servants incapacitated through age, sickness, 
or accident; second, to grant small pensions to distressed 
widows ; third, to educate and maintain orphan children ; 
fourth, to grant temporary relief until permanent relief can be 
afforded ; fifth, to induce railway officers and servants to insure 
their lives by dividing the payment of the premium into small 
periodical sums, and by granting a reversionary bonus of 10 per 
cent, out of the funds of the institution ; sixth and lastly, to 
grant small sums not exceeding 10 to the families of those who 
are injured or killed in the performance of their duties. 

" When I look at the list before me I must say it is indeed a 
sad one ; but at the same time it must be a gratification to us, 
who wish well to the Institution, to see that from the 16th of 
November, 1871, to the 16th of November last as many as 1067 
cases were relieved out of the casualty fund. I may also 
mention that the officers of the railway companies subscribe 
half a guinea and the servants 8s. a year. In fact, I may say 
that the railway companies give this Institution in every way 
their official support, and they may indeed well do so, because 
there is no institution which more heartily deserves our support 
than this. 

" There is, however, one curious fact which I should like to 
mention. I believe ! am correct in saying that the number of 
officers and servants employed on railways in the United 
Kingdom amounts to something like 300,000, but only 35,000 
of them are subscribers ; and in Ireland there is not a single 
subscriber. I am sorry to have to make this fact known ; but 


all the more reason is there that we this evening should be 
liberal with our purses, as I am sure we shall all be when we 
consider how often we travel by railway. Xot a day goes by but 
most of you travel once probably twice. In stepping into a 
railway carriage, do you not think of the risks you may run ? 
An accident may happen to anybody, though every possible 
security and guarantee may be given that no accident shall 

" Well, if we as passengers run risks, how much more so the 
officers and servants of the companies ; and that not every day, 
but every hour and minute of their lives ? We may be sure it 
is the earnest desire of the managers and directors many of 
whom are here this evening to do all in their power to 
guarantee the safety of the passengers and of those to whom 
are entrusted the care and management of the trains. I feel 
sure I cannot impress on them too strongly the necessity for 
their still using every effort in their power to prevent accidents, 
which are, unfortunately, too frequent. It is not for me in the 
presence of so many great railway authorities to say what plan 
may be best devised to lessen accidents whether it may be 
that there are too many railways, whether the immense network 
which exists in this country comes too closely together at 
different stations, or the trains follow each other at intervals 
too short. These are questions with which I do not feel myself 
competent to deal ; but at the same time I feel that the question 
of railways, and especially the frequency of accidents, are brought 
more distinctly under our notice when we consider the claims 
of the Institution we are brought together this evening to pro- 
mote. This is a theme about which one might talk for a long 
time ; and I know, on occasions of this kind, it would be out of 
place on my part to give you a long oration ; yet, though I but 
feebly express what others would much better have laid before 
you, I hope you will believe that nobody feels more deeply for 
this Institution than I do, that nobody advocates its claims more 
ardently than I, and nobody will continue to take a greater 
interest in everything connected with our great railways. 

" To show you that I am not using mere stereotyped phrases, 
I may tell you that no week elapses without my travelling once 
or twice at least by train. I have therefore the opportunity of 


seeing, as well as anybody can see, how admirably our railway 
system is worked ; not only the managers and directors, but the 
officers and servants have my warmest admiration for doing 
their utmost in the execution of their duty, and also for their 
unvarying courtesy and attention. I will now ask you once 
more, in conclusion, to open your purses as freely as you can in 
support of the Eailway Benevolent Institution." 

The Secretary afterwards announced subscriptions to the hand- 
some amount of 5000, which included a second donation by His 
Koyal Highness of 100 guineas. 


January 9th, 1874. 

ON the 9th of January, 1874, the Prince of Wales visited the City 
for unveiling the equestrian statue erected at the western entrance 
of the Holborn Viaduct, in memory of the late Prince Consort. At 
the site an address was read, containing a description of the 
memorial, and an account of its origin. The ceremony of unveil- 
ing over, the Prince was driven in the state carriage of the Lord 
Mayor to the Guildhall, where between 700 and 800 guests, 
including many distinguished persons, were invited to luncheon. 
After the first loyal toast, " The Queen," had been received with all 
honours, the Lord Mayor said : " I now raise my glass to the 
memory of the late Prince Consort. ' He being dead yet speaketh.' " 
The words were spoken with emotion, and the company rising in 
a body, drank the toast in silence and with every mark of respect. 

The health of the Prince and Princess of Wales, and the other 
members of the Royal Family including the Duke of Cambridge, 
who was present having been given, the Prince responded. 

He expressed his grateful sense of the cordiality of his reception, 
and the satis i'action he had in coming for such a purpose as the 
inauguration and unveiling of a statue to his lamented father. 
He also acknowledged the debt of thanks to the donor of the 
statue, whose name he knew, but who wished it not to be made 
public. " To the 'Corporation of London I have to express my 
thanks for having contributed a part of the statue namely, the 
pedestal ; and I am sure that the work which we have inaugurated 
to-day will long be an ornament to the City of London." 



March 25th, 1874. 

THE number of institutions for helping fatherless and orphan 
children is considerable, but the purpose of tbe British Orphan 
Asylum, at Slough, is distinct from most charities of the class. 
The orphan children here admitted are the sons and daughters of 
persons once in prosperous circumstances, but who have been 
unable to make provision for their families. Clergymen, naval 
and military officers, members of the legal and medical profession, 
are often in this position. Commercial men are also liable to 
sudden misfortune, and children are afterwards left in poverty, 
who were once accustomed to ease and prosperity. The frequency 
of such cases led to the establishment, in 1827, of a special Asylum 
for the orphans of such persons. The honorary secretary at present 
is the Eev. Canon James Fleming, whose name is alone sufficient 
guarantee for the excellent object and good management of the 

At the anniversary festival, in 1874, held at Willis's Kooms, on 
March 25th, the Prince of Wales presided. After the toast of 
" The Queen," proposed by the Chairman, the Marquis of Hertford 
gave the health of " The Prince of Wales, the Princess of W'ales, 
and the rest of the Eoyal Family," among whom was now included 
the Duchess of Edinburgh. The Marquis said : " It gives us all 
the greatest pleasure to see His Eoyal Highness again among us as 
one of the Eoyal Family taking part in the sacred cause of charity. 
We who belong to the British Orphan Asylum have the greatest 
reason to be pleased and thankful to His Eoyal Highness for 
having come among us this evening." 

Other toasts having been disposed of, the Prince rose and 

" It is now my duty, as your Chairman, to call upon you to 
drink the toast of ' Prosperity to the British Orphan Asylum/ 
I am satisfied you will do so most heartily, when I see around 
me so numerous an assembly prepared to do honour to the 
occasion, and to assist us in our work. I feel some diffidence in 
proposing this toast in the presence of so many who know far 
better than I do the excellence of this institution, and under- 
stand its working. At the same time it gives me the greatest 
pleasure to propose the toast, and to be here this evening advo- 
cating so excellent a cause. It is always a pleasure to advocate 
the cause of charity, and there is no other appeal that comes so 
home to the hearts of all classes of the community. 


" I have a special interest in this Asylum. It is now nearly 
eleven years since the Princess and myself visited and inaugu- 
rated the present building near Slough; and when I pass by 
Slough, as I frequently have to do in the course of the year, it 
always gives me pleasure to look at that building, and to think 
how many children are here provided for and educated. It is 
now very nearly half a century since this institution was 
founded, and it is different from all others in this respect, that 
children of parents who were once in prosperous circumstances 
are there educated. In it there are children of officers of the 
Army, of the legal, medical, and naval professions, and the 
proof of its usefulness is that after they have grown up they 
frequently write letters to the managers of the Asylum expres- 
sing their gratitude for the excellence of the practical education 
they have received, and which has been so profitable to them in 
their different avocations. 

" To show how prosperous this Asylum is, I may state that in 
January last it contained within four of 200 children. You 
will perhaps ask, if this institution is in so prosperous a con- 
dition, why have this dinner ? Why call so many people 
together ? And why am I to ask you, in as civil a manner as I 
possibly can, to subscribe towards its support ? My answer is, 
that the net income of the Asylum is 3000 a year, but that 
the increase in prices of all the necessaries of life is so enormous, 
that to meet the deficiency that exists as much as 1500 has 
been sold out of their funds ; and I feel that in order to make 
that deficiency good, I shall not call upon you this evening in 
vain. There are points which I might bring before your notice, 
but I think that on this occasion brevity is best, for you all 
know what a good institution it is, and I am sure you will 
drink with me ' Prosperity to the Institution/ and try to make 
it still more prosperous for the future. I beg to couple with the 
toast the health of the treasurer, the directors, the hon. secre- 
taries, and medical officers of the institution." 

The subscriptions announced during the evening amounted to- 
upwards of 2400. 

L 2 



March 31st, 1874. 

THE Lord Mayor of London, as chief magistrate of the City, has 
always been ready to honour men distinguished for naval and 
military service rendered to the country. A grand State Banquet 
was given on the 31st of March, 1874, to Lord Wolseley, then 
Major-General Sir Garnet Wolseley, on his return to England 
after the triumphant Ashantee Expedition. The dinner was served 
in the Egyptian Hall at the Mansion House. Covers were laid for 
260 guests, among whom were His Royal Highness the Prince of 
Wales, Prince Arthur, and the Duke of Cambridge. All the officers 
of the Staff, and others who had taken part in the Expedition, 
with many eminent persons in civic or official life, were present. 

The Lord Mayor, having given the usual loyal toasts, the Prince 
of Wales rose to respond to that of the Royal Family, saying : 

" My Lord Mayor, your Royal Highness, my Lords, Ladies, 
and Gentlemen, I beg to tender you my very warmest thanks 
for the kind way in which the Lord Mayor proposed this toast, 
and for the cordial manner in which the company now assembled 
have received it. This is not the first time I have had the 
honour of an invitation to be present at the Mansion House and 
receive the hospitality of the Lord Mayor of the City of London. 
But I can assure him that however much pleased I may have 
been to be present on former occasions, on no occasion did it 
afford me greater pleasure to be here than on this evening, when 
he has given a banquet to welcome back those gallant officers 
who have so lately returned from the Gold Coast to England. 
The gallant officers and men of that Expedition had the oppor- 
tunity yesterday of seeing the Queen, and the Queen had the 
opportunity of seeing them, and of expressing her approval 
of everything that has occurred. Yesterday afternoon, also, 
both Houses of Parliament unanimously accorded a vote of 
thanks for the manner in which that difficult though short 
campaign was conducted. This evening, again, the Lord Mayor 
takes the opportunity of welcoming those gentlemen who are 
here as the representatives of the troops that formed that 
Expedition, in the hospitable manner which is so well known in 
this Hall. On a question of this kind it would be unbecoming 
in me and out of place to make any remarks with regard to that 


Expedition which has been so successfully closed. But I cannot 
sit down without taking the opportunity of saying how much I 
rejoice if I may say so as a soldier and a comrade of those I 
see around me that this Expedition has ended in so successful 
a manner. English officers and English troops have kept up 
their reputation. They have not only displayed great courage 
that they have done on all occasions but they displayed 
extraordinary endurance, owing to the fearful climate and 
country they had to contend with. I am glad to have the 
opportunity of welcoming home the gallant General on my 
right, and congratulating him on the great success of his expe- 
dition. Once more I thank you for the honour you have done 
me in drinking my health, and on the part of the members of 
my family, for the kind way in which you have spoken of them." 

In responding to the toast of " The Army and Navy," the Duke 
of Cambridge referred to the review of the troops of the Expedi- 
tion on the previous day, at Windsor, before the Queen. " The 
distinguished officer who conducted this war knew the task he 
undertook, and how to undertake it ; and he was well backed by 
the officers and men placed at his disposal." The speech of Sir 
Garnet Wolseley was admirable in tone and feeling, and with clear 
soldier-like statement of the chief events and results of the 
Expedition. He thus concluded : " The military world has learnt 
many military lessons in recent years, but the most valuable to us 
as a nation that has been taught us by the Abyssinian and Ashantee 
Wars is that when you have to appoint an English General to 
command any military undertaking it is nec.ssary to trust him ; to 
supply him with all he asks for ; and, above all things, to avoid 
the error of severing the military command from the diplomacy 
necessarily connected with the operations. I have no hesitation 
in saying that had my operations been encumbered by the presence 
with mo of a Civil Governor, or of an Ambassador authorised to 
give me orders, I do not think I should ever have reached Coornassie. 
Upon my arrival at Cape Coast Castle, at the beginning of last 
October, I found it in a state of siege. A large Ashantee army 
threatened both it and Elmina ; a panic and demoralisation had 
seized upon all classes ; the people from the surrounding districts 
had flooded into the towns on the Coast, where they soon suffered 
from disease, owing to their crowded condition ; trade had almost 
ceased altogether, and a large proportion of the people depended 
upon the Government for their support. When I left Cape Coast 
Castle, at the beginning of this month, I left there a prosperous 
population, enjoying the blessings of peace and the mercantile 
advantages attendant thereon. I found upon my arrival on the 
Coast the prestige of England at its lowest ebb, but before I 


departed, I left our military fame firmly established on a secure 
base, consequent on the victories so gallantly won by the troops 
under my command. My Lord Mayor, I have to thank you most 
sincerely for the manner in which you have alluded to me per- 
sonally and to my military services, and I have to thank you, in 
the name of all ranks composing the expeditionary force, for the 
warm reception and the noble hospitality you have accorded to us 
this evening." 


April 22nd, 1874. 

THE Royal Medical Benevolent College, at Epsom, was founded in 
1851, for the education of sons of medical men. There are at 
present about two hundred boys, fifty of whom, on the foundation, 
are educated, boarded, and entirely maintained at the expense of 
the institution. The education is of the highest class, and the 
charge, to those not on the foundation, is fifty guineas, if the pupils 
are above fourteen, with slight reduction lor those under that age. 
There is accommodation in the College for twenty-four pensioners, 
who have comfortable quarters, and a pension of twenty guineas a 
year. There are also twenty-six non-resident pensioners, with the 
same annuity of twenty guineas. 

In support of the funds of the College, the eighteenth festival, at 
Willis's Rooms, was presided over by the Prince of Wales, supported 
by the Duke of Teck, Earl Granville, as President of the College, 
and a large number of the leading men of the profession. The 
usual loyal and patriotic toasts having been given, the Eoyal 
Chairman gave the toast of the evening, saying : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, I feel both some difficulty and 
some diffidence in proposing the toast of ' Success to the Eoyal 
Medical College,' because, in the first place, I wish the task had 
fallen into abler hands than mine, and, in the second place, 
many of you must in any event know more upon the subject 
than I do. It may not be out of place, however, on this 
occasion for me to give you a few statistics connected with the 
Eoyal Medical College. No doubt many of you will be well up 
in the subject, but others will be reminded or informed. This 
College was founded by Mr. Propert, a medical gentleman of 
high eminence; and its object is, in the first place, to assist 
aged medical men and the widows of qualified practitioners, 
and, in the next place, to educate the children of such persons. 
In 1853 the first stone was laid at Epsom ; in 1855 the institu- 


tion was opened by my lamented father, who took the deepest 
interest in its welfare ; and I had the opportunity, as a boy, of 
accompanying him on that occasion. I have therefore been 
acquainted with the institution, which we have come here to do 
honour to, for nineteen years. There were then five pensioners' 
houses and a school for loO^boys. There are now, including the 
three about to be elected, fifty pensioners, each of whom receives 
21 a year, and twenty-four of whom are also resident in the 
College. The school contains 200 resident pupils, the sons of 
medical men, fifty of whom, being foundation scholars, are 
educated, boarded, clothed, and maintained at the expense of 
the institution, while the remainder are charged from 48 to 51 
a year. 

" A gentleman who is present (Sir Erasmus Wilson) has just 
built a house to hold forty more boys. I offer him our sincere 
thanks for the great benefit he has conferred upon the institu- 
tion. The school has always been full, but we are anxious to 
increase its funds, and, as each foundationer costs 60 a year, 
you will see that we want money. 

" It will not be out of place for me to remind you what a 
difficult profession is that of medicine what uphill work it is 
to some, unlike those whom I see around. Some who would 
have attained high positions may be struck down by illness or 
by some great sorrow, and for them provision should be made. 
There is also the case of the eminent man making a large 
income, but cut off suddenly, before he has made provision for 
a wife and family now left destitute, though the husband and 
father may have led a life of usefulness in his profession. Our 
object is not to make long speeches, nor, I hope, to bore any of 
those who are assembled here, but you may be assured that, 
however imperfectly I may have spoken, what I have said I 
mean most heartily, and when I call upon you this evening to 
give your support your liberal support to this charity I feel 
sure I shall not call in vain. I now propose ' Success to the 
Royal Medical Benevolent College.' " 

The subscriptions ' and donations announced by the secretary 
amounted to 1780, the list being headed by the Prince of Wales 
with 100 guineas. 

Sir James Paget, in proposing the health of the president, officers, 
and members of the Council of the College, said that they were to 


be congratulated on the prospects of the institution, and on their 
having " induced His Eoyal Highness to leave Sandringham at this 
season, to add grace and dignity to the celebration of the twenty- 
first year of the College." 

The Prince, of Wales, it may be added, besides his kindly interest 
in all charitable institutions, has uniformly shown courtesy and 
respect to the medical profession, members of which he has from 
early life honoured with his personal friendship. 

June llth, 1874. 

ON the opening of the new Library in 1862, His Royal Highness 
the Prince of Wales was made a Bencher of the Middle Temple. 
On the llth of June, 1874, the Treasurer and Benchers of the 
Middle Temple entertained the members of the Inn, and a large 
number of distinguished guests, at dinner, according to ancient 
custom, on " the great grand day " of Trinity Term. The Prince 
of Wales, being a Bencher, was present not as a guest, but as one 
of the hosts, in the grand old historical Hall. This Hall, the 
erection of which commenced in 1562, was completed in 1572, and 
is one of the most famous relics of old London. This was the 
second time of the Prince of Wales visiting it. On three prior 
occasions, at least, it has been visited by Royalty namely, by 
Queen Henrietta, the consort of Charles I., Peter the Great of 
Russia, and William III. There is also a tradition of the Inn 
that Queen Elizabeth was present at a rehearsal there of the Mid- 
summer Night's Dream, in which Shakespeare himself took part, and 
that in the course of the revel Her Majesty danced with her 
Chancellor, Sir Christopher Hatton. The splendid oak screen 
and music gallery at the eastern end were erected in 1572. The 
Hall is graced by one of the three genuine paintings by Vandyck 
of Charles I. the other two being at \\ indsor and Warwick 
Castles and by portraits of Charles II., James II., William III.,. 
Queen Anne, and George III. A bust of the Prince of Wales is 
also conspicuous, and a portrait of His Royal Highness, by 
Mr. Watts, R.A., has since been added. 

The Treasurer, Mr. Kenyon, Q.C., presided at the dinner, when 
no less than 430 members of the Inn, Benchers, Barristers, or 
Students were present, and many illustrious guests. On the right 
of the chair was the Master of the Temple (the Rev. Dr. Vaughan), 
and next to him the Archbishop of Canterbury ; on the left the 
Prince of Wales, and next to him the Lord Chief Justice. The 
Prince wore the silk gown of a Queen's Counsel, and the riband of 
the Garter. On his health being proposed, after that of the 


Queen, it was to give " respectful and hearty welcome to Master 
His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales." 

The Prince on rising to respond was loudly cheered, and said : 

" Master Treasurer, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I beg to 
tender to you and to my brother Benchers my sincere thanks 
for the kind, hearty, and cordial manner in which you have 
received this toast. I cannot feel that I am quite a stranger 
among you, although it is now nearly thirteen years since I had 
the honour of being enrolled as a member of this Inn. My 
relations with you are, unfortunately, of an almost entirely 
honorary character, but I can assure you that I consider it a very 
high honour to be connected with this Inn. It is, I am sure, a 
good thing for the profession at large and for the public in 
general that I have never been called to the Bar, for I must say 
that I could never have been a brilliant ornament of it. I can 
assure you that I esteem most highly the honour of dining with 
you and my brother Benchers this evening, and with those dis- 
tinguished men whom I see around me right and left. I 
entirely agree with every word that has fallen from the lips of 
our Master Treasurer, and I sincerely hope that this gathering 
may tend to much good and to bring forward those important 
results in legal education which you, Sir, have advocated so 
admirably. I thank you for the kind way in which you have 
received me, and I can only assure you that it has afforded me 
the greatest pleasure and satisfaction to meet you here this 
evening in this ancient Hall, where, I am told, Queen Elizabeth 
once danced with Chancellor Hatton. I am afraid that now- 
a-days the duties of the Chancellor are more arduous than 
they were then, and that they do not allow him much time 
to acquire the art of dancing. I cannot help thus reminding 
you of one of the great historical events which this Hall has 
witnessed, and I thank you once more for the great honour you 
have done me in proposing my health and for the cordial 
reception you have given me." 

" The Queen " and " The Prince of Wales " were the only two 
toasts given at the banquet. 

The Treasurer and Benchers of the Inner Temple, on the 18th 
of May, 1870, had entertained with much splendour His Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales, His Royal Highness the Prince 
Christian, the Lord Chancellor, the Speaker of the House of Com- 


inons, the Lord Chief Justice of England, the Judges in Equity 
and at Common Law, the Queen's Counsel, the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, and a very distinguished company, to celebrate the 
inauguration of the new Hall, which had been formally opened by 
Her Eoyal Highness the Princess Louise a few days before. 

The two Eoyal visitors sat at the right and left hand of the 
Treasurer, Mr. Percival Pickering. Grace was said by the Master 
of the Temple, Dr. Vaughan. After due justice had been done to 
the dinner, the Treasurer humorously described some of the 
strange scenes which had been enacted in the old Hall, which had 
been removed to make room for the present magnificent structure. 
He then proposed " The Health of the Queen," which was received 
with loyal enthusiasm. That of " The Prince of Wales and the 
other members of the Royal Family " was felicitously acknow- 
ledged by the Prince of Wales. The Archbishop of York returned 
thanks for the Church, Sir William Codrington for the Army, 
and the Colonel of the " Devil's Own " for the Volunteers. 
Mr. Gladstone proposed " The Health of the Treasurer,"' whose 
speeches throughout the evening had been seasoned with an 
amount of humour which rescued even those proposing the con- 
ventional toasts from the imputation of being commonplace. 
"The Health of the Architect," Mr. Smirke, concluded the 
proceedings ; and the principal portion of the company then 
adjourned to the drawing-room, where not only was coffee served, 
but strange novelty in such an assemblage cigars were intro- 
duced an innovation which did not seem unwelcome. 

August 13**, 1874. 

THE new Guildhall, Municipal Offices, and Law Courts at Plymouth 
were opened by the Prince of Wales, on the 13th of August, 1874. 
On landing at the Royal Victualling Yard, the Prince proceeded in 
a State carriage for Plymouth. At the entrance to the borough 
he was received by the Mayor and Corporation ; the procession 
proceeding through dense crowds to the Guildhall square, where 
the Prince was formally received as Lord High Steward of the 
Borough, and presented with his rod of office. An address having 
been read by the Recorder, the Prince made the following reply : 

" Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, I rejoice at again being able to 
renew my acquaintance with your ancient borough, and I return 
you my grateful thanks for the expressions of goodwill which 
you have paid me. The sentiments of loyalty conveyed in your 


address are most gratifying proofs of the feelings which animate 
the inhabitants of Plymouth towards Her Majesty the Queen 
and^the members of the Eoyal family. I have frequently visited 
your borough, but never on so important an occasion as the 
present, when a work of no ordinary magnitude has been com- 
pleted. As High Steward of the Borough, I cannot but take an 
especial interest in all that relates to its welfare or adds to its 
embellishment, and it gave me peculiar pleasure to accede to 
the request that was made to me that I should open this 
magnificent building. In conclusion, let me congratulate most 
heartily all those who have been concerned in the undertaking 
on the success which has attended their labours, and, connected 
as I am with your town, I feel proud to think it has been the 
result of local genius, perseverance, and energy." 

An elegant silver key was then presented by the Mayor with 
which the Prince opened the new Guildhall. A banquet followed, 
at which, in response to the toast of the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, His Eoyal Highness spoke as follows : 

"Mr. Mayor, my Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, I beg to 
return you, Mr. Mayor, my most cordial thanks for the manner 
in which you have been kind enough to propose my health, and 
to you, ladies and gentlemen, for the kind way in which you 
have been pleased to receive it. This is by no means my first 
visit to your ancient town. I have on frequent occasions spent 
some very agreeable days here ; but among all the different 
visits that I have paid none will have been more interesting to 
me than the present one, nor more vividly impressed on my 
memory. I assure the Mayor and citizens of this town that 
great pleasure and gratification was afforded me in opening this 
magnificent hall, all the more so as my name is connected 
with your town as your High Steward. I esteem it a great 
honour to have that title, though the duties are certainly very 
slight ; and if those duties consist only in coming here and being 
so kindly and cordially received by you all, I think I have every 
reason to congratulate myself. I congratulate those gentlemen 
who have built this hall, and who, I think, have every reason 
to feel satisfaction with its appearance and its prospects of 
future success. To you, Mr. Mayor, who have taken such pains 
during the last five years, as Chairman of the Guildhall Com- 


mittee, it must be very gratifying ; and allow me also to have 
the pleasure of offering my sincere congratulations to the Mayor 
of Devonport, as one of the architects of this Guildhall. I 
again beg to thank you for the kind reception which you have 
given me to-day, and, in conclusion, I beg also to thank you, 
Mr. Mayor, for the kind way in which you have proposed the 
Princess of Wales's health, and to assure you how deeply she 
regrets that she was unable to accompany me on the present 
occasion. She is now on her way to Scotland to meet her 
father, the King of Denmark, who is returning that way from 
his visit to Iceland." 

Afterwards the Prince proposed the health of the Mayor, thank- 
ing him for his reception, congratulating him upon the good order 
maintained in the streets, and requesting him to convey to the 
citizens his sense of the pleasure and gratification afforded him by 
the artistic decorations of the town. 

November 3rd, 1874. 

THE Prince and Princess of Wales paid their first visit to Birming- 
ham on the 3rd of November, 1874. When the Mayor and 
Corporation of the midland capital heard of the intended visit, 
they resolved to give their Royal Highnesses a right loyal and 
hearty reception. Those who remember, or have read of the early 
visits of the Queen and of the Prince Consort to the town, will not 
be surprised at the enthusiasm with which the Prince and Princess 
of Wales were welcomed on this occasion. Prince Albert came to 
Birmingham for the first time in 1844. He was a guest of Sir 
Eobert Feel at Tarn worth, and expressed a wish, as he was so near, 
to see the place so famous in various arts and industries. But the 
town was at that time as famous for its political independence, 
to use the mildest term. In fact it was regarded as the centre and 
seat of democratic radicalism, and the turbulence of Chartist times 
was yet fresh in remembrance. Fears were entertained that 
Prince Albert might have a cool if not hostile reception. The 
result proved how groundless were these suspicions. The young 
Prince was welcomed with the utmost enthusiasm, not only as the 
husband of the Queen, but on account of his own moral and 
intellectual excellence. He was there again in 1849, to inspect 
the exhibition of arts and manufactures held in Bingley Hall ; and 
a third time in 1855 to lay the foundation stone of the Midland 


Institute. In 1858 the Queen herself came to open the public 
Park and Hall at Aston. Nor was this the only visit. Few places 
in her dominions have been more favoured, and nowhere has there 
been shown more devoted loyalty. 

The advanced radicalism of Birmingham was not less marked at 
the time of the Prince of Wales's visit, and the Mayor of that year, 
Mr. Joseph Chamberlain, had the reputation of holding not merely 
democratic but. republican views!. All this made the more marked 
the cordial reception of the Royal visitors, both by the authorities 
of the town, and by the masses of the people. The words of the 
Times of November 4th, in its record of the visit are worthy of 
being recalled, especially in what it said of the Mayor: "What- 
ever Mr. Chamberlain's views may be, his speeches of yesterday 
appear to us to have been admirably worthy of the occasion, and 
to have done the highest credit to himself. We have heard and 
chronicled a great many Mayors' speeches, but we do not know 
that we ever heard or chronicled speeches made before Eoyal 
personages by Mayors, whether they were Tories, or Whigs, or 
Liberals, or Radicals, which were couched in such a tone at once of 
courteous homage, manly independence, and gentlemanly feeling, 
which were so perfectly becoming and so much the right thing in 
every way as those of Mr. Chamberlain." 

To the address of the Corporation, read in the Town Hall, by 
the Recorder, the Prince made the following reply : 

"Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, In the name of the Princess 
of Wales and in my own, I thank you for your address and for 
the kind terms in which you refer to our visit to your town. It 
has long been our wish to come to Birmingham, a city so 
celebrated not only in England, but throughout the world, as one 
of the chief centres of our manufacturing energy. It will be, I 
am persuaded, a source of satisfaction to the Queen to hear that 
the loyal inhabitants of this borough still retain so lively a 
recollection of the visits which with my lamented father she 
paid to Birmingham. Since that time the progress which has 
been made in the varied industries of this town has been most 
remarkable, and I trust that the condition of its working popu- 
lation, on whose exertions its prosperity so much depends, has 
improved in a still greater degree. In conclusion, gentlemen, 
I have only to express our earnest wish that Birmingham may 
long continue to enjoy that pre-eminence which it has so justly 

At .the luncheon subsequently given, the Mayor proposed the 
health of the Queen, as " having established claims to the admira- 
tion of Her people by the loyal fulfilment of the responsible duties 


of her high station, and at the same time the nobility of her 
domestic life has endeared her to the nation. The care and 
solicitude she has manifested in the happiness of her subjects 
causes her name to be honoured at all times, and among all classes 
and ranks of society." 

In proposing the health of the Eoyal guest, the Mayor said, 
" This town has been long distinguished, not without cause, for 
the independence of its citizens and the freedom and outspokenness 
in which all opinions are discussed, and this fact gives value to 
the welcome which has been offered, and stamps the sincerity of 
the wishes which are everywhere expressed for the continued 
health of their Koyal Highnesses." 

The replies of the Prince were confined to a few brief but appro- 
priate sentences, and after proposing the health of the Mayor, the 
Eoyal party proceeded to visit some of the most famous manufac- 
tories of the district. The following letter was received next day 
by the Mayor, from the Secretary of the Prince of Wales, Sir 
Francis Knollys, K.C.M.G. : 

" Packington Hall, Coventry, November 4, 1874. 

" Sir, I have received the commands of the Prince and Princess 
of Wales to make known through you to the inhabitants of the 
borough of Birmingham the satisfaction they derived from their 
visit to that town yesterday. They can never forget the reception 
they met with nor the welcome given to them by all classes of the 
community. Their Eoyal Highnesses have also to thank not only 
the authorities who made such excellent arrangements, but like- 
wise the people themselves, without whose cordial co-operation the 
good order which was preserved throughout the day in so wonderful 
a manner could hardly have been maintained. The opportunity 
which was afforded them of visiting some of the manufactures of 
your great town gave their Boyal Highnesses sincere pleasure, and 
it was matter of regret to them that the time at their disposal did 
not allow them to make a closer inspection of works of so much 
interest. I may further congratulate you and the other members 
of the reception committee on the happy result of your labours. 
Nothing could have been more successful, and their Eoj'al High- 
nesses will ever entertain most agreeable recollections of their visit 
to Birmingham. I am desired, in conclusion, to state that the Prince 
of Wales, being anxious to contribute 100 in aid of the funds of one 
of the charitable institutions of your town, requests that you will 
have the goodness to acquaint him with the name of the institution 
which you may consider to be the most deserving, and to be at the 
same time the most in want of support. I have the honour to be, 
Sir, your most obedient servant, 


" To the Mayor of Birmingham." 

( 159 ) 

March 13th, 1875. 

AT the seventh triennial festival of this Institution the Prince of 
Wales presided. The Duke of Cambridge, Prince Christian, Prince 
Edward of Saxe-Weimar, and the Duke of Teck were also present. 
The company included the Lord Mayor, the Sheriffs of London and 
Middlesex, and a large number of distinguished officers of nearly 
all ranks in the Army. 

After the toast of " The Queen," proposed by the Eoyal chair- 
man, the Lord Mayor,4n giving the next toast, spoke of " the pride 
with which the nation at large regarded the Royal Family, not 
only on account of the admirable way in which they performed the 
important duties connected with their high position, but also 
because of their readiness on all occasions to promote and aid the 
various charitable institutions of the country, and to extend their 
sympathy to all who were in distress, not simply in this great 
metropolis, but in all parts of the kingdom." 

The Prince of Wales, in reply, said : 

" I am sure I have every reason to be grateful to the Lord 
Mayor for the very kind manner in which he has proposed my 
health and that of the Princess of Wales and the other members 
of the Royal Family, and to the company here assembled for 
the very kind manner in which they have received the toast. 
Nothing is more disagreeable, I think, than to have at an 
early stage of the evening to rise to return thanks for one's own 
health ; but, at the same time, I should be very ungrateful to 
you if I were not to thank you for the cordial manner in which 
you acceded to the request of the Lord Mayor. I can assure 
him and I believe I can speak also for the rest of the Royal 
Family that it is always our earnest endeavour to do our 
duty, and to assist in all good and charitable objects, which in 
this country are so numerous and so necessary. It will be my 
duty to address you again, so I will now only thank you once 
more for the kind manner in which you have received this 

The Prince of Wales, after a brief interval, again rose and 
said : 

" The toast I have now to offer to you is also one of those 
which are always given, and which are always heartily received 


at gatherings like the present. It is that of ' The Army and 
the Navy.' I find some difficulty on this occasion in proposing 
that toast, because when I look around me and see the Com- 
mander- in- Chief, the greater portion of the Head Quarters' 
Staff, and so many distinguished generals and officers, I feel it 
would be very presumptuous on my part were I to dilate on 
the subject. I think Englishmen have every reason to be 
proud of possessing such an Army and Navy as ours. Of 
course we don't pretend that they are perfection, but I am sure 
that every endeavour is used year after year to make our land 
and sea forces as efficient as possible for our defence and for 
the maintenance of peace both in this country and in our vast 
possessions abroad. In connection with the Army, it gives me 
the greatest pleasure to propose the health of my illustrious 
relative, the Commander-in-Chief. It would ill become me to 
make those remarks in his presence which it would afford me 
sincere satisfaction to offer were he absent ; but I am sure that 
you, as brother officers, know the great interest the Commander- 
in-Chief takes in the Army, and I know you will drink his 
health most cordially on this occasion. I am not able to couple 
any name with the Navy, for the very sufficient reason that 
there is no naval officer present to respond to it. I regret that 
our gallant sea forces are not represented, but the toast will not 
on that account, I am sure, be less cordially received." 

The Duke of Cambridge, who was loudly cheered, said : " I per- 
sonally am much gratified by the kind reception which has been 
given to my name in conjunction with this toast. His Koyal 
Highness, with a modesty which is delightful in one in his position, 
has expressed diffidence in proposing it ; but there is no ground for 
such diffidence on his part, for there is no officer in the Army that 
I know of who takes a more lively interest in the efficiency of the 
service, even in its every detail, or who, whenever the opportunity 
offers, shows a greater aptitude than does His Eoyal Highness. He 
has proved a most worthy spokesman for the Army on this and on 
many other occasions, and I am sure officers of the Army are always 
flattered and gratified when His Eoyal Highness has the opportu- 
nity of speaking of them as he has done this evening. I feel parti- 
cular interest in being present here, and I beg to express to His 
Eoyal Highness, who has many and constant duties to attend to, 
my thanks and those of my mother, who is, unfortunately, in a 
very suffering state, for having, on the mere expression of a wish 
on her part, at once consented to preside on this occasion. I beg 


also to thank you for the compliment which yon have paid me and 
my family by your attendance, for I cannot forget that this institu- 
tion was originally founded in memory of my father, who had 
many opportunities of showing the deep interest he took in the 
charitable institutions of the country. On that account many of 
his friends were anxious that some testimonial should be established 
to his memory, and instead of a statue I am happy to think, as I 
am sure he would have been glad to know, that it took the form of 
the useful and necessary institution we have met here to assist. 
But for its aid the recipients of its benefits would have to drag out 
a miserable existence either in the workhouse or under even still 
worse circumstances. We must all feel gratified that these old 
women are, thanks to the benevolence of yourselves and the public, 
enabled to pass their last days in the comparative comfort that 
they find in the Asylum at Kingston. As head of the Array, I may 
ay that a higher compliment could not possibly have been paid to 
it than to establish an institution such as this, and I am gratified 
to think that the support it has received leads us to the hope that 
it is now established on a solid and valuable foundation. I beg 
again to thank you, in the name of the Army, and to say that the 
eervice feels the deepest interest in the prosperity of the Asylum." 
The Prince of Wales next rose and said : 

" It is now my pleasing duty to bring before you the toast of 
the evening, 'Prosperity to the Eoyal Cambridge Asylum for 
Soldiers' Widows.' When I see how I am surrounded and 
how large a gathering is present, I feel sure I shall not call on 
you in vain in the interest of those whom we are concerned in 
benefiting on this occasion. As my illustrious relative has 
mentioned to you, this institution was established as a memorial 
to his illustrious father, the late Duke of Cambridge. The 
object was to provide a home for the widows of privates and 
non-commissioned officers of the Army. No such institution 
previously existed, and it is still the only one of its kind in the 
country. In it the widows are provided with a furnished room 
and an allowance of 6s. a week, besides a grant of 2s. 6^. per 
month for coals. While the expenditure is great, exceeding 
2000, the funded income, including 50 a year, called the 
Princess Mary Fund for Nurses, amounts to little over 500 a 
year. It was originally intended to have, if possible, 130 
inmates, but at the present moment there are only 57, for 
there is no room for more, and our great object is to make the 
institution a success by increasing the numbers. On philan- 
thropic grounds alone it is almost unnecessary to say a word as 



to its excellence. But when one thinks of the soldier, who has 
not only to expose his life in battle, but to run the risk of 
sickness and disease in a variety of different climates, away 
from home, often leaving his wife for many years behind him, 
it is impossible not to see that it must be a comfort to him, 
especially if ill or dying, to think there is an institution where 
his wife, if he succumbs, has a chance of being provided for. 
Among soldiers there can be but one feeling on this subject, 
and I am sure that on this occasion I shall not appeal to those 
who are present in vain. 

" I regret very much that one who has taken a deep interest 
in this institution its chairman, Sir Edward Gust is not here 
on this occasion, and I fear on account of illness. But it is 
some gratification to be able to read to you an extract from a 
letter of his, dated the 1st of March, to Colonel Stewart, the 
secretary, in which he says ' I think I intimated to you last 
year that I should make a disposition by my will of all my 
copyright and interest in my military histories for the benefit 
of the Asylum. As I am unable to support the Prince of "Wales 
in the chair, may I beg the favour of His Eoyal Highness 
making this donation in my name as evidence of my sympathy 
for the institution ? ' Those who are present know so 
thoroughly well all the merits of the institution that it would 
be unnecessary for me to make a lengthened speech. I will 
therefore wind up by once more asking you to do all in your 
power to assist in accomplishing the great object we have in 
view of extending the building so as to accommodate more 
widows. With the toast which I have given you, I beg, in the 
absence of Sir E. Gust, to couple the name of Colonel Liddell." 

Colonel Liddell, who responded, said it was the desire to provide 
accommodation for one widow from each regiment in the service, 
which, of course, as there were only fifty-seven inmates, left a great 
deal still to be done. 

The Prince of Wales : " I have now to propose a toast which, 
I am sure, of all those I have given none^will have been received 
with greater cordiality, for it is that of the 'Lady Patron.' 
You all, I know, wish as sincerely as If do that her health 
which is not good just at present may be restored, and that 
she may be among us for some years yet to come. One of the 


reasons why this institution has prospered so much, and why 
so many are here to-night, is the regard which is felt for the 
kind and good lady who is its president. It is not surprising 
that she should take a deep interest in an asylum intended in- 
directly for the benefit of soldiers, seeing that her husband was 
a soldier and that her son is a soldier." 

The toast having been cordially drunk, was responded to by the 
Duke of Cambridge, who then proposed " The Health of the Lord 
Mayor and the Sheriffs," thanking them for the liberality with 
which they had subscribed to the funds of the Asylum. The total 
amount of the subscriptions received was announced by the Prince 
of Wales to be 1635 17s. lOd. 

The present number of inmates (1888) is sixty-nine. The 
receipts of the previous year were 2700 ; the invested funds nearly 
23,000. The festival dinner is triennial, but additional sums 
have been obtained by military fetes and other ways. In 1872 the 
Prince and Princess of Wales were present at a grand military 
concert in the Royal Albert Hall, when Madame Titiens and 
other artists volunteered their assistance, and many of the proprie- 
tors placed their boxes and stalls at the disposal of the Duke of 
Edinburgh, who was Chairman of the Committee for carrying out 
the arrangements. We trust that the Duke of Cambridge may be 
gratified by witnessing a large increase of the numbers benefited 
by an institution in which he takes so zealous and kindly interest. 

April 6th, 1875. 

WHEN the Charterhouse School was removed from its ancient 
historic site to the more remote and rural site at Godalming, 
arrangements were made for installing Merchant Taylors' School 
in the Charterhouse. There was ample accommodation for the 
400 or 500 boys. Portions of the old structure remain, and these 
with the new" buildings give room for the numerous classes, with 
large halls, library, lecture rooms, and a magnificent assembly 
room, for morning and evening prayers, and on grand days for' 
speeches and prize festivals. The poor Brethren, pensioners on 
the foundation, remain in their old quarters, and their chapel, 
with its services, continues as before. 

The installation of tbe Merchant Taylors' School in the Charter- 
house' -Was an event of sufficient importance to justify the request 
for the ceremony being honoured by the presence of the Prince 

M 2 


and Princess of Wales, who came on 6th of April, 1875, accom- 
panied by the Princess Mary and Duke of Teck, and other 
illustrious visitors. Service having been performed in the old 
Carthusian chapel ; and an address having been read by the clerk, 
and presented by the Master of the Company ; the Prince declared 
the Merchant Taylors' School open. An ode in Latin Alcaics was 
then declaimed by the head monitor of the School, the Archbishop 
of Canterbury offered a prayer for the Divine blessing, and the 
service closed with the Lord's Prayer and the Benediction. 

Luncheon was afterwards served in the assembly hall. The 
Master of the Company gave a brief account of the origin and 
history of the School, introducing references to former Princes of 
Wales, who bad been benefactors of the Company, from the time 
of Edward I., the first Prince of Wales, to that of King James I., 
who with his son, the Prince of Wales, dined in this hall. It was 
for that occasion, in 1607, that Dr. John Bull composed the music 
of " God Save the Queen." The Queen of James I. was Anne of 
Denmark. " History repeats itself," continued the Master, " for 
you, Sire, have entwined the flower of Denmark in the wreath of 

The Prince, responding to the toast then given, said : 

" For the excessively kind and flattering manner in which this 
toast lias been proposed from the chair, and received by you all, 
I beg to return my warmest and most sincere thanks. I need 
hardly assure the Master and all those assembled here to-day 
what pleasure it has given to the Princess and myself to be 
present on this occasion. The numerous guilds of the City of 
London are well known for their hospitality, and especially 
distinguished is the Merchant Taylors' Company. At the same 
time, although they kindly and cordially receive their guests, 
they do all they can to make themselves useful in this great 
-city. I will not recapitulate what we have heard in another 
room, and also from the lips of the Master, of the prosperity of 
this School. I hope it will continue to flourish ; and that the 
.sun which is now shining will bring prosperity to a School which 
has so long flourished and which is now moved to other build- 
ings. I must say we cannot but congratulate the Master and 
the Guild on the beautiful building in which we are assembled 
.at the present moment. In conclusion let me propose a toast 
I am sure you will all drink with enthusiasm 'Success to 
the Merchant Taylors' School.' It affords me great pleasure 
to couple with it the name of the head master, the Eev. Dr. 


After the luncheon the Koyal visitors inspected the buildings, 
and walked through the playground, which is of considerable size 
for a city school. The cheers of the boys on the departure of the 
Prince and Princess were the more vehement, as they had asked 
and obtained from the Master an extra week's holiday. 

April IGtli, 1875. 

THE German Hospital, at Dalston, is one of the most useful and 
well-managed charities in the Metropolis. It is for the reception 
of natives of Germany, and others speaking the German language ; 
also for English in case of accident. There are now 125 beds for 
in-patients, with a sanatarium for the benefit of those who can pay 
a moderate sum weekly for their maintenance during illness. 
There is also a Convalescent Home, with about twenty beds. 
During the past year there were 1663 in-patients, 23,210 out- 
patients, and 1163 dental cases. The Hamburg Church is con- 
nected with the Hospital by a corridor. The yearly receipts 
average now about 10,000, and there is funded property amounting 
to 55,000. 

The Prince of Wales presided at the thirtieth anniversaiy 
festival, at Willis's Eooms, on the 16th of April, 1875. About three 
hundred were present, including some Ambassadors and Consuls of 
Continental States, and other distinguished foreigners. 

The Prince, in proposing the health of " The Queen," said that 
Her Majesty took the greatest interest in the welfare of the 
Hospital, of which she was a protector, and a donor to its funds. 

Count Beust, the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador, gave the toast 
of '* The Prince and Princess of Wales and the Eoyal Family." He 
said that he spoke the sentiments of the representatives of all 
German-speaking countries, when he said that the " Royal Chair- 
man had always shown for the German Hospital a feeling German 
heart and an open English hand. When he brought under the 
notice of his Sovereign, the Emperor of Austria, that the Prince 
was to preside at the festival, he was immediately instructed by 
His Majesty to announce the donation from him of 100 to the 
funds. Let us, one and all, drink to our illustrious Chairman, 
whom the people of England know not only as a gracious and 
popular Prince, but also as a high-minded, generous gentleman, 
who takes a deep and active interest in all that contributes to 
the greatness and the welfare of the country, and to the relief 
of the suflerers among the less fortunate of the community, in the 
fulfilment of which noble task he is well supported by his gracious 

The Prince, in reply, said : 


" I can hardly find words adequate enough to express my 
deep thanks to his Excellency the Austro-Hungarian Ambas- 
sador for the exceedingly kind and nattering manner in which 
he has proposed this toast, and to you all for the hearty way in 
which it was received. I can assure you that it affords me the 
greatest pleasure and gratification to be your chairman on the 
present occasion. The members of my family have now for 
some years taken a deep interest in this charity, and I take the 
same interest. This is not at all to be wondered at, considering 
that we have German blood running in our veins. We have 
the greatest sympathy with the foreigners who live in our 
country, and we gladly join in an attempt like this to alleviate 
their sufferings in every possible way. The President of the 
German Hospital, the Duke of Cambridge, as did his father 
before him, takes a warm interest in this institution, and I 
sincerely hope that our family will always remain connected 
with so excellent and admirable a charity. I thank you once 
more for the hearty reception you have accorded to the toast." 

The Prince, again rising, proposed in cordial terms : " The 
Foreign Sovereigns and Princes, Protectors and Patrons of the 
Institution, and their Eepresentatives who had honoured them 
with their presence." He stated that " the Emperor of Germany 
gave an annual donation of 200 to the charity, and that the 
Emperors of Eussia and Austria, and the Kings of Wurtemberg, 
Bavaria, Saxony, and the Netherlands, had also evinced a 
practical interest in the institution." 

Count Minister, the German Ambassador, whose name was 
coupled with the toast, said he agreed with his friend and col- 
league, Count Beust, that it was one of the most pleasant duties of 
diplomatists to be present on occasions of that kind, and lie felt it, 
indeed, a great honour to return thanks for the kind and gracious 
manner in which His Eoyal Highness had proposed the health of 
the foreign Sovereigns and their representatives. He was quite 
sure that the interest which their Majesties had taken in that fine, 
benevolent institution would be much strengthened when they 
became aware that the first gentleman in England the heir to the 
British Throne had shown his practical sympathy with it by pre- 
siding that evening. Benevolence and hospitality had always 
been the characteristics of the English people, but how could it be 
otherwise when the Royal Family invariably set them, on every 
possible occasion, the noblest and best example? In the name of 
Ids fellow-countrymen he tendered to His Royal Highness their 


most hearty thanks for the gracious part he was taking at that 

The Prince of Wales next gave "The Army, Navy, and 
Eeserve Forces," saying, in doing so, that every Englishman 
was proud of the land and sea forces of his country, and he 
always hoped they were in a highly efficient state. At the 
same time the Prince sincerely trusted that the occasion might 
never arise in which the Army and Navy might be called forth 
to battle with those countries so many of whose representatives 
were present that evening. 

General Sir William Knollys made a brief reply. The Prince 
of Wales then gave as the toast of the evening : " Prosperity to the 
German Hospital." He said : 

" I can only regret that a toast of so much importance as this 
is has not fallen into better hands than mine, but, whatever 
my shortcomings, I am sure you will take the will for the deed. 
This toast has been given for a great many successive years, 
and the few remarks that I have to make to you will not be 
new to the great portion of the vast assembly who are gathered 
here this evening. At the same time, as I am your chairman, 
I think it my duty to make a few observations in connexion 
with the German Hospital. 

" As most of you are doubtless aware, it has 103 beds gene- 
rally full, and last year the total in- and out-patients amounted 
to about 18,000. Of these there were 1300 in-patients, of whom 
240 were English. Besides the hospital there is a sanitarium, 
to which 42 persons were admitted. The rooms there are 
unfortunately limited in number, but the occupants are rather 
of a well-to-do class, such as professors, governesses, clerks, and 
others, who, in return for the services rendered to them, give a 
small sum of money towards defraying the necessary costs. 
Last year the expenses of the hospital were very heavy, 
amounting to 6500, exclusive of 600 for improvements. 
This, I hear, is likely to be increased considerably in the next 
accounts, owing to the continuous rise of prices. Fortunately, 
I am able to announce to you that the receipts nearly covered 
the expenditure. The fixed income, however, can only be put 
down at 1200 or 1300 a year, and the authorities of the 


hospital, to carry it on successfully and to keep it out of debt, 
have to collect annually between 4000 and 5000. 

" I think every Englishman and every foreigner will agree as 
to the necessity for a hospital founded as this is. We who. 
are Englishmen must all feel what a terrible position we should 
be in if we found ourselves weary and sick in a country where, 
it was impossible to make ourselves understood. When, there- 
fore, we are told that in this London of ours all who speak 
German are instantly admitted to this institution, we can 
readily imagine the enormous benefits which foreigners and 
Germans especially derive from it. There are, I am told, as 
many as 50,000 Germans living in London, many of whom have 
to work in unhealthy trades, such as sugar-baking. They are 
mostly confined indoors all day long, and, but for this hospital, 
they would not know where to go to find comfort and succour. 

" A great merit, in my mind, of this institution is that it is a, 
free one, It is not at all necessary to obtain a letter of recom- 
mendation before admission. Sick people have only to present 
themselves there and speak German to insure that the doors 
will be immediately thrown open to them, and that they will 
be tended and cared for in the most admirable manner. The: 
nurses there are all trained in Elizabethan-stift at Darmstadt, 
and they do their work admirably under the care of the excellent 
chaplain (Dr. Walbaum), who has taken so deep an interest in 
ths welfare of the hospital. They are thus found most important 
to the working of the hospital. 

" As so many Englishmen derive benefit from the institution, 
I am sure I can appeal to my fellow-countrymen to do all in 
their power, and I ask the company generally to see if they 
cannot collect a sum larger than on any previous occasion. At 
the last annual dinner, at which the Duke of Cambridge pre- 
sided, a sum of 500 in excess of any former collection was, 
obtained, and I hope to-night we may even exceed the sum 
subscribed then. I may tell you that a distinguished guest 
among us to-night, Baron von Diergadt, of Bonn, sent us a few 
years ago the magnificent donation of 10,000. I do not ask 
you, gentlemen, to give quite so large a sum as the Baron, but 
I am sure that all that is in your power to give you will. I 
desire to tender our thanks to the Emperor of Austria for his 


munificent donation, announced by his Ambassador this evening, 
and I will now ask you all most cordially to assist me in sup- 
porting this excellent charity. I give you as the toast of the 
evening : ' Prosperity to the German Hospital.' " 

The Secretary (Mr. Feldinann) afterwards announced the receipt 
of donations (including 105 from the Prince of Wales, 200 from 
the Emperor of Germany, and 100 from the Emperor of Austria) 
to the amount of over 5000, being 1200 in excess of any previous 
collection. Other toasts, including "The health of Baron von 
Diergadt, of Bonn," followed. During dinner, Mr. Marriott's 
band played a selection of operatic music, and afterward, at inter- 
vals, a choir, under the direction of Sir Julius Benedict and Herr 
Ganz (all of whom gave their services gratuitously), sang some 
German songs by Schubert, Schumann, Seidl, and other composers. 


April 28th, 1875. 

IN the history of Freemasonry there has never occurred an event 
more memorable, or a scene more imposing than the Installation 
of the Prince of Wales as Grand Master of English Freemasons, at 
the Eoyal Albert Hall, on the 28th of April, 1875. The vast Hall 
was filled with nearly ten thousand members of the craft, of all 
ranks and degrees, and in costume proper to their masonic con- 
ditions. An open space, in front of the organ, had been reserved 
for the Grand Officers, and for distinguished visitors, including 
deputations from various foreign lodges. 

The Earl of Carnarvon, the Pro-Grand Master, having taken his 
seat on the throne, performed the ceremonies necessary for to con- 
vert the assemblage into a meeting of the Grand Lodge, and the 
Minute of the Prince's election as Grand Master having been read 
and confirmed, Garter King-at-Arms formed and headed a proces- 
sion to meet His Koyal Highness. The Duke of Gunnaught had 
already seated himself near the Pro-Grand Master, and had been 
warmly received ; but when the Prince entered the Hall, the vast 
assemblage rose as one man, and, regardless for the moment alike 
of Masonic order and of the ceremonies of the craft, greeted him 
with such applause as even his experience at public assemblages 
could seldom have heard equalled. The Prince was conducted up 
the arena to a chair on the left of the Pro-Grand Master, and 
before seating himself he bowed repeatedly in response to the 
plaudits of the brethren. He then went through the forms pre- 


scribed by the Masonic ritual, and was duly inducted into his 
throne, the enthusiasm of the assembled Freemasons once again 
outstripping the proper order of the ceremonial, and finding vent 
in cheers with which the building rang again. 

Garter King-at-Arms, who holds also the high Masonic office of 
Grand Director of Ceremonies, then proclaimed His Eoyal High- 
ness in due form, and called upon the brethren to salute him in 
Masonic fashion. This being done, the Earl of Carnarvon rose 
from the seat to which he had retired, and, according to ancient 
custom, addressed the new Grand Master on the duties of his office. 
He thus concluded his address : 

" Your Eoyal Highness is not the first by many of your illus- 
trious family who have sat in that chair. It is, no doubt, by the 
lustre of your great name and position you will reflect honour on 
the craft to-day ; but it is also something to be at the head of 
such a body as is represented here. I may truly say that never 
in the whole history of Freemasonry has such a Grand Lodge been 
convened as that on which my eye rests at this moment, and 
there is further an inner view to be taken, that so far as my eyes 
can carry mo over these serried ranks of white and blue, the gold 
and purple, I recognise in them men who have solemnly taken 
obligations of worth and morality men who have undertaken 
the duties of citizens and the loyalty of subjects. I am express- 
ing but very feebly the feelings and aspirations of this great 
assemblage when I say that I trust the connexion of your Eoyal 
Highness with the craft may be lasting, and that you may never 
have occasion for one moment's regret or anxiety when you look 
back upon the events of to-day." 

The Prince, who was again greeted with loud and prolonged 
cheering, replied in the following terms : 

" Brethren, I am deeply grateful to the Most Worshipful the 
Pro-Grand Master for the excessively kind words he has just 
spoken to you, and for the cordial reception which you have 
given me. It has b6en your unanimous wish that I should 
occupy this chair as your Grand Master, and you have this day 
installed me. It is difficult for me to find words adequate to 
express my deep thanks for the honour which has already been 
bestowed upon me an honour which has, as history bears 
testimony, been bestowed upon several members of my family, 
my predecessors; and, brethren, it will always be my most 
ardent and sincere wish to walk in the footsteps of good men 
who have preceded me, and, with God's help, to fulfil the 
duties which I have been called upon to occupy to-day. 

" The Pro-Grand Master has told you, brethren, and I feel 
convinced, that such an assemblage as this has never been 


known ; and when I look round me on this vast and spacious 
Hall, and see those who have come from the north and south, 
from the east and the west, it is, I trust, an omen which will 
prove on this auspicious occasion an omen of good. The various 
duties which I have to perform will frequently, I am afraid, not 
permit me to attend so much to the duties of the craft as I 
should desire ; but you may be assured that when I have the 
time I shall do the utmost to maintain this high position, and 
do my duty by the craft, and by you on every possible occasion. 
Brethren, it would be useless for me to recapitulate everything 
which has been told you by the Pro-Grand Master relative to 
Freemasonry. Every Englishman knows that the two great 
watchwords of the craft are Loyalty and Charity. These are 
their watchwords, and as long as Freemasons do not, as Free- 
masons, mix themselves up in^politics so long I am sure this 
high and noble order will flourish, and will maintain the 
integrity of our great Empire. 

" I thank you once more, brethren, for your cordial reception 
of me to-day, and I thank you for having come such immense 
distances to welcome me on this occasion. I assure you I shall 
never forget to-day never ! " 

The Prince resumed his seat amid loud cheers, which were 
long continued. His Royal Highness spoke with a perfect elocu- 
tion which rendered every syllable audible to the whole of the 
vast assemblage; but when (adds the reporter of the scene) in 
conclusion, he tittered a manifest impromptu in saying that the 
reception which had been accorded to him, and the spectacle which 
he witnessed, were things which to the last day of his life he 
" should never forget never ! " there was just so much tremor of 
his voice as seemed to show that even the trained self-possession 
of Eoyalty was somewhat shaken, as indeed it well might be, by 
the magnitude and the splendour of the spectacle. 

At the conclusion of the Prince's address the march from " Eli " 
was performed upon the organ, and then, a telegraphic address of 
congratulation from the Grand Lodge at Genoa having previously 
been read, deputations from the Grand Lodges of Scotland, Ireland, 
Sweden, and Denmark were successively introduced. The Grand 
Master next appointed the Earl of Carnarvon to be Pro-Grand 
Master, Lord Skelmersdale to be Deputy Grand Master, and the 
Marquis of Hamilton and the Lord Mayor to fill two chief offices in 
Grand Lodge. The nomination of the Lord Mayor appeared to 
give especial pleasure to the brethren, and his Lordship, as he took 
his official seat, was greeted by loud and prolonged applause. The 


other grand officers were then appointed, and at five o'clock the 
Lodge was formally closed. The Prince was conducted to his 
retiring-room by a procession of the principal brethren, and the 
assembly dispersed. 

In the evening there was a banquet in the Freemasons' Hall, in 
Great Queen Street, which was thronged as it was never thronged 
before. The Prince of Wales, Most Worshipful Grand Master, 
presided ; on his right being the Duke of Connaught, and on his 
left Lord Skelmersdale, the Deputy Grand Master. Distinguished 
officers and members of lodges from all parts of the United Kingdom 
were present. 

The Grand Master proposed the health of " The Queen," in these 
words : 

" Brethren, the first toast I shall have the honour to propose 
to you this evening is one which I know will require as few 
words as possible, as it is always drunk with enthusiasm at all 
great meetings of Englishmen, more especially at meetings of 
the craft. I propose ' The Health of Her Majesty the Queen, 
the Patroness of our Order.' " 

The Duke of Manchester, in proposing the health of " The Prin- 
cess of Wales and the rest of the Royal Family," said : " We have 
for the first time among us as Most Worshipful Grand Master, the 
eldest son of Her Majesty, and his brother, the Duke of Connaught, 
whom we all highly esteem and love as the sons of a father whose 
memory we all so fondly cherish, and whom we so much regret." 

His Eoyal Highness the Duke of Connaught responded, and 
proposed " The health of the Most Worshipful the Grand Master.' " 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales replied : 

"Brethren, I beg to return my most sincere and my most 
grateful thanks to the Junior Master Mason of England for the 
kind way in which he has proposed my health, and to you, 
brethren, for the cordial manner in which you have received it. 
This is the first time, brethren, that I have had the honour of 
presiding at the grand festival. I can assure you I am very 
grateful for your kind reception of me this evening, and I 
sincerely hope that we may have the pleasure of meeting 
together on these festive occasions many, many long years to 
come. I shall never forget, brethren, the ceremony of to-day 
and the reception which you gave me. I only hope that you 
may never regret the choice you have made of your Grand 
Master. Brethren, I assure you on all occasions I shall do my 


utmost to do my duty in the position in which you have so 
kindly placed me. 

"Before sitting down, brethren, I have a toast to propose, 
which I feel sure you will all drink with cordiality, and which 
to me is a specially gratifying toast that is, the health of our 
illustrious brother the King of Sweden and Norway. It affords 
me especial pleasure to propose this toast, as seven years ago I 
became a member of this craft, initiated by the late King, the 
brother of the present one. Thereby I consider I have a more 
special interest in Sweden ; and I hope that the Grand Lodges 
of Sweden and of England may always be bound together in 
goodwill and fraternal feeling. Our illustrious brother the 
King has been especially pleased to send over five distinguished 
brethren to take part in my installation. Therefore it affords 
nie special gratification to drink to the health of one who I 
know is such a keen Freemason at heart, and so keen an 
Englishman, that he has frequently visited our shores. Most 
cordially and heartily do I call upon you, brethren, to drink to 
' The health of our illustrious brother the Most Worshipful 
Grand Master of Sweden, His Majesty the King of Sweden and 
Norway.' " 

Count Salcza responded, and, speaking in French, he passed a 
high eulogrum on Freemasonry, and expressed his great gratifica- 
tion at the magnificent ceremony that had been witnessed in the 
afternoon, laying especial stress upon the Masonic good feeling 
between Sweden and Great Britain. He spoke of himself as 
feeling that he stood among friends and brothers, and he thanked 
them for their cordial reception. 

His Royal Highness the Grand Master then said : 

" Brethren, we are honoured here this evening by the repre- 
sentatives of the Grand Lodges of Scotland, of Ireland, and of 
Sweden, and I feel convinced that you will all drink with me 
most cordially and most heartily to their health. The Grand 
Lodge of England is always most desirous of being on the best 
possible terms with the Grand Lodges of Scotland and Ireland. 
Although separate through having other Grand Masters, still 
those three Grand Lodges may consider one another more or 
less as one. I have great pleasure in proposing the health of 
my noble friend and brother, Lord Eosslyn, as representative of 
the Grand Lodge of Scotland, and I cannot forget the kind 


reception I met with at Edinburgh some years ago when he was 
Deputy Grand Master, and I received the rank of Patron of 
Scotch Freemasons at the hands of the late Earl Dalhousie. It 
also gives me great pleasure to propose the health of the repre- 
sentative of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, coupled with the name 
of Brother Shekleton, Deputy Grand Master. I have also the 
great privilege of being Patron of the Irish Grand Lodge, which 
honour I also remember, a few years ago, receiving from the 
late Duke of Leinster, who was the popular Grand Master of 
Ireland at that time, and the reception I met with I shall not 
easily forget. As the representative of the Grand Lodge of 
Sweden it affords me great pleasure to couple with this toast 
the name of the Admiral on my left. As my earliest associ- 
ations in Freemasonry have been with the Grand Lodge of 
Sweden, I know when I address those gentlemen I see before me 
they will appreciate the pleasure it affords me in proposing this 
toast. Brethren, I give you the toast of ' The Grand Lodges of 
Scotland, Ireland, and Sweden, coupled with the names of Lord 
Piosslyn, Brother Shekleton. and Admiral Oscar Dickson/ I 
also include in this toast all the other Grand Lodges." 

The toast having been drunk, Lord Rosslyn said : 

" Most "Worshipful Grand Master and brethren, the honour that 
your Eoyal Highness has done the deputation of the Grand Lodge 
of Scotland is warmly appreciated by them. I am glad, indeed, 
to have the opportunity after so many years' connexion with the 
Grand Lodge of Scotland no less than twenty-five years of 
congratulating the craft of England and your Eoyal Highness 
also, upon the most magnificent scene I have ever witnessed in 
my life. 

" I am glad also to think that the splendour, and, I must add, 
admirable management of the display to-day, does not quite efface 
from your Royal Highness' s recollection, the scene upon a similar 
scale which we endeavoured to offer you when we had the honour 
of having your name as Patron of the Scottish craft. Your Eoyal 
Highness has been good enough to say that you have not forgotten 
the occasion. I can assure your Eoyal Highness no Scotchman 
will ever forget it, and I can speak on behalf of the Grand Lodge 
of Scotland, with which I have been so long connected, having 
served every office in it, from Junior Deacon up to Grand Master, 
having been not quite a holiday Freemason, but worked my way 
from the ranks up to the position I have the honour to hold now. 

" His Eoyal Highness lias this day told us what the duties of 
Freemasonry are, and there is no doubt he has summed them up in 


two words loyalty and charity which includes mercy, a quality 
that has been described by the greatest of poets as becoming ' the 
throned Monarch better than his crown.' There can be no doubt 
that under the auspices of the Most Worshipful Grand Master the 
Grand Lodge of England will flourish, and will continue to be a 
standard for Masonry all over the world." 

Brother E. W. Shekleton, Deputy Grand Master of Ireland, 
spoke of the loyalty of Irish Masons, who are, he said, " remark- 
able for fear of God, fealty to the Sovereign, love to the brother- 
hood, and friendship to all classes and creeds." 

Brother Admiral Oscar Dickson returned thanks in the name 
of the Swedish Grand Lodge for the honour conferred upon them. 

The Most Worshipful Grand Master then proposed the toast of 
various Grand Officers and Brethren, according to custom. Sir 
Erasmus Wilson replied for the Stewards, whose special duty it 
was, with the aid of their good Brother Francatelli (the Master 
Cook), to see to the humble but necessary ceremonies consequent 
on our sublunary existence ; or, in the beautiful words of our 
Eitual : " to lead them to unite in the grand design of being happy 
and communicating happiness." 

As long before as the 1st of December, 1869, the Prince of 
Wales had been received, at Freemasons' Hall, as a Past Grand 
Master, at a meeting of the United Grand Lodge of England ; and 
in a brief speech replied to the address delivered by Lord Zetland, 
who was at that time Grand Master. 

One of the first appointments made by the Prince of Wales as 
Grand Master was that of Colonel Shadwell Clerke, to the 
Secretaryship of the Grand Lodge of England, an office the duties 
of which he performs with great efficiency and courtesy. 

June 5th, 1875. 

THE object of this Institution is to provide pensions for Farmers, 
their wives, widows, and unmarried orphan daughters. The Queen 
is patron, the Duke of Eichmond is President, and the Earl of 
Northbrook, Chairman of the Executive Council. At the present 
time (1888), 647 persons are maintained at an annual cost of nearly 
14,000. The Prince of Wales has always been a generous friend 
and supporter of the charity. At the Eoyal Agricultural Show at 
Sandringham, in July, 1886, he called special attention to it, and 
pleaded for increased support, as is necessary from the continued 
and increasing depression of agriculture. At the present moment 
above 400 persons, who have cultivated holdings varying from 
2000 to 100 acres, are candidates for pensions, having been ruined 


through, the various causes of agricultural failure. During the 
past twenty-eight years, about 1300 persons have been granted 
annuities, at a total expenditure of 165,821. 

At the fifteenth anniversary festival of the Institution, at 
Willis's Eooms, on the 5th of June, 1875, the Prince of Wales 
presided. After " The Queen," the patron of the charity, " The 
health of the Prince with that of the Princess of Wales and the 
Eoyal Family," was proposed by the Earl of Hardwicke, who said 
that the Prince of Wales had done them great honour in presiding 
that evening. " It was only another testimony of that interest 
which he takes in the welfare of every portion of the community. 
The position of the Prince of Wales was not one of the easiest. 
He has no definite duties, but the duty he has laid down for him- 
self is of a very definite nature. It is to benefit to the best of his 
power all his fellow-creatures. He himself was not going to pass 
any eulogiums on the Prince of Wales, although he had intimate 
knowledge of his character and the privilege of his friendship. 
He would only say that the Prince does credit to the very high 
position in which he is placed, and that so long as he lays himself 
out to associate with English people of all classes, and to faithfully 
discharge duties which, if not in themselves very agreeable, are 
beneficial to the English race, he will be a popular and able 
Prince. A duty more wrapt up with sympathy than that which 
the Prince that evening undertook could not be conceived. He 
tells the whole agricultural class of this country that he places 
himself at their disposal to further their interests and to help 
them in their distress. So long as the Royal Family cling to the 
soil of this country, and mix with its life and its sports and 
amusements, they will never fail to receive the support of their 
countrymen in all times of trial." 

The toast was received with cheers, and the Prince of Wales 
said : 

" It is difficult for me, gentlemen, to find words to express my 
gratitude for the excessively kind manner in which my noble 
friend has proposed this toast, and the cordial way in which you 
have been kind enough to receive it. I need hardly tell you 
that it affords me the greatest pleasure and satisfaction to occupy 
the chair this evening. When I know those gentlemen who 
have preceded me as your Chairmen, such as Mr. Disraeli, Lord 
Lytton, the present Lord Derby, or the Duke of Eichmond, I 
feel some diffidence in addressing you this evening. At the 
same time I think the proceedings of this evening will, as I 
hope, be short, yet I trust they may be satisfactory to all here 

" I sincerely say that I do take a great interest in all that is 


connected with agriculture. I may call myself a colleague of 
many of you present as a farmer on a small scale, and I only 
hope that I may never have occasion to be a pensioner of this 
institution. It is impossible, I think, for any British gentleman 
to live at his country place without taking an interest in agri- 
culture, and in all those things which concern the farmers of 
this great country. I thank you also for the very kind way in 
which you have mentioned the health of the Princess of Wales 
and the rest of the Royal Family. 

" Before I sit down I beg to propose a toast one which is 
never left out at great gatherings of Englishmen, and which here 
ought to be brought most prominently before your notice 
'The Army, Navy, Militia, and Eeserve Forces.' The very 
backbone of the country, the best recruits of the Army and 
Navy, come from the agricultural districts. Since we know, 
also, that our commercial and agricultural interests depend 
upon the valour and efficiency of our land and sea forces, you 
will, I think, agree with me that it is a toast especially for this 
meeting, one most suitable for this agricultural feast. It is a 
toast which I feel sure you all, gentlemen, will drink most 
heartily. With the Army it gives me great pleasure to couple 
the name of General Sir W. Knollys, and with the Xavy that of 
Sir J. Heron Maxwell." 

Sir W. Knollys, in responding for the profession to which he 
belongs, including the Militia, the Volunteers, and the Eeserve 
Forces, dwelt upon, the habits, the physical well-being, and powers 
of endurance which fit the agricultural population of this country 
for the profession of arms. They bring with them also that con- 
tentment and discipline which till recent events particularly 
distinguished the agricultural labourer, and are always ready to 
fight for country and Queen. 

Sir J. Heron Maxwell having replied for the Navy, the toast- 
master, Mr. Goodchild, announced a bumper toast, and the Prince 
of Wales said : 

" The toast which I now have the honour of proposing to you 
is that of ' Success to the Eoyal Agricultural Benevolent Institu- 
tion.' Gentlemen, this excellent and charitable institution has 
been only in existence for the space of fifteen years, and its 
object is the relief of farmers who have been reduced by failure 
of crops, loss of stock, bad seasons, and other reasons. It has 
been founded, as I say, for that purpose, but there is one thing 



which is absolutely necessary to entitle to relief, and that is 
that the recipient of the pension must have, as his exclusive 
means of support, cultivated at least fifty acres, or rented land 
at 100 a year at least for twenty years. And those farmers 
who receive pensions must prove to the society that they do not 
possess an income from other sources of more than 20 a year. 
Among those, also, who are benefited by the society are the 
widows and children or orphans of farmers and their unmarried 

" One main object of the managers of the institution is to 
maintain in their own districts those who have not the means 
of providing for themselves, so that, instead of their going to 
the workhouse, or having to remove to distant parts of the 
kingdom, they may be kept as much as possible in the counties 
where they were born and bred. Pensions varying from 20 to 
40 a year are granted, and since the foundation of this society 
as many as 432 pensioners have been elected, and 53 children 
have been educated and maintained at a cost of not far from 
40,000. At present there are 302 pensioners and 41 children 
on the books of the charity, and these numbers will, I under- 
stand, be augmented during the present month by the election 
of 51 pensioners. The total cost of the year will be nearly 
8500, and I am sorry to say the donations and annual sums 
received amount to little over 6800. Therefore, you see that 
although this institution is in a highly prosperous state, at the 
same time the funds are not as great as we could wish. It 
is for that reason that we assemble here to augment those funds. 

" When I look around and see so large a number of gentlemen, 
who have come great distances to support me on this occasion, 
I feel I shall not ask them in vain to extend their support to so 
excellent an institution. You were kind enough just now to 
drink in a cordial manner my health, but I think if I had put 
myself before you as a surgeon whose health you were going to 
drink you might not have received me so cordially. On this 
occasion I hope you will look upon me as a surgeon. The few 
words I have to say to you are my lancet, with which I have to 
bleed you and you will all feel much the better for it. 

" Many may think, ' Why should we give money to those who 
possibly by their own fault may have got into distress ? ' But 


that is not the object mentioned. All will agree that the 
cleverest agriculturists who thoroughly understand their business 
may, through bad seasons, failures of crops, and a variety of 
other causes which you know, gentlemen, far better than I do, 
have found themselves suddenly in the most abject want. It is 
a great pity that the farmers' clubs and agricultural societies do 
not do so much as they ought in support of so excellent an 

" I see by your applause it is only too true, and I must call 
upon you this evening to show that you have supported this 
charity in the most material manner. I thank you once more 
for the kind and attentive manner in which you have listened 
to the few words which I have uttered. I only regret that it 
has not fallen to the lot of another than myself to bring the 
subject before you, and I am sure that you will take the will 
for the deed. ' Prosperity to the Eoyal Agricultural Benevolent 
Institution ! '" 

The toast was drunk with all the honours, and the Secretary, 
Mr. C. Bousfield Shaw, read a list of subscriptions headed by the 
Queen with 25. The Prince of Wales gave, in addition to his 
annual subscription of ten guineas, a donation of 100 guineas. 
The largest list of collections was Mr. Naish's, of 465. The total 
amount was no less than 8000. 

Mr. C. S. Bead, M.P., then proposed the toast of " The Execu- 
tive Council, the Secretary, and the Honorary Local Secretaries." 
In the course of his speech, he remarked that it had been well said 
by His Boyal Highness that agriculture is exposed to more vicissi- 
tudes and difficulties than almost any other industry, and it was 
surprising that it should have existed so long without any bene- 
volent institution. They must not forget in that room that they 
owed the fact that such an institution now exists to the kind and 
generous heart of their old friend, Mr. Mechi, the founder of this 
society; and the tenant-farmers of England would never forget 
the day when the Heir Apparent to the Throne of England con- 
descended to preside at their annual banquet 

The Marquis of Huntly responded, and said as an example of the 
good done by active local energy, that in Cheshire they only had 
last year a donation of ten guineas, and subscribers of thirty-one, 
while from Norfolk, the Prince's county, with a smaller agricul- 
tural population, they had donations of 826. 

The Prince of Wales then said : 

" The list of toasts which we all have before us has now come 
to an end, but I shall take the liberty of proposing one more 

N 2 


toast, the last, but by no means the least. We have been 
honoured on this occasion by fair ladies, and I think it would 
be very wrong if we were to separate without cordially drinking 
their health. We see especially how much the comfort, the 
well-being, prosperity, and happiness of farmers and agriculturists 
depend upon a kind wife to cheer them by the fireside at the 
end of their day's work, and to lighten by female influence the 
load of difficulties. It affords me the most sincere pleasure to 
couple with this toast the name of one to whom this institution 
is so much indebted Mr. Mechi. Lord Huntly has been 
mentioning to you the word ' energy ' ; and if it had not been 
for the energy of Mr. Mechi this society would never have 
existed. Let me also say, it would not be so prosperous as it is 
now if it were not for those energies and the assistance which 
he lias given it. I hope the words and expressions which the 
noble marquis has lately made use of will not be lost by this 
company, and that all those who wish to further the work so 
worthily begun by Mr. Mechi will continue it, so that it may 
never decrease in funds for the excellent object for which it is 
designed. I beg to propose the toast of ' The Ladies/ coupled 
with the name of Mr. Mechi." 

Mr. Mechi, in the course of his reply, said that the help of 
His Koyal Highness would be of the greatest importance to the 

The way in which the Prince introduced the toast of the founder 
of the Institution was in his happiest vein. Mr. Mechi's death 
was a great loss to the agricultural community, for no one more 
efficiently brought their claims before the public. It may be added, 
that the tenant-farmers of the kingdom have no truer friend than 
the Prince of Wales. 


November 1875 May 1876. 

THE visit of the Prince of Wales to India, apart from what it 
brought of personal information or amusement, must be regarded 
as one of the most important services he has yet rendered to the 
Empire. This is why we call it an embassy rather than a tour or a 
journey. It appears that as far back as the year 1858, the idea of 


a tour in the Eastern possessions of the Crown was suggested by 
Lord Canning to the Prince Consort, as part of the education of 
the Heir Apparent. But he was then only seventeen, and the 
proposal was made merely as an incident of foreign travel. A 
succession of events, both at home and in the East, caused the 
scheme to be postponed, nor was it seriously renewed till the 
Prince had attained an age, and acquired an experience in affairs, 
which would secure for the expedition high consideration for 
political and imperial, as well as personal, purposes. 

In the beginning of the year 1875 it was rumoured that the 
project was seriously entertained, and on the 16th of March the 
Marquis of Salisbury made an official announcement to the Indian 
Council of the intended visit. Many arrangements, however, had 
to be made, and many difficulties surmounted, before actual 
preparations for the journey commenced. All these are recounted 
in detail by Dr. W. H. Russell, in the introduction to his book on 
the ' Prince of Wales's Tour,' a reprint in expanded and permanent 
form of his letters as the special correspondent of the Times. 
Dr. Kussell had the advantage of accompanying the Prince as one 
of his personal suite, under the title of Honorary Private Secretary. 
It is fortunate that the journey had such a historian. The work 
not only gives a Diary of the tour in India, with a full record of 
the proceedings of the Prince, but is in itself a most interesting 
and instructive book of travel, full of information, conveyed in the 
graphic and bright style which has made the author famous as a 
man of letters. To this book the reader of these pages is referred 
lor the story of the Royal expedition, both in India and in the 
countries through which he passed on the outward and homeward 

The Prince was fortunate in the companions of his journey, 
even to the humbler and useful attendants. It is greatly to the 
credit of his judgment and his right feeling that the first to whom 
he expressed a wish to accompany him was Sir Bartle Frere, a 
wise and good man, and whose Indian experience would be of 
immense value. In the suite there were, of his own household, 
Lord Suffield, Sir Dighton Probyn, Colonel Ellis, and Sir Francis 
Knollys. The Duke of Sutherland, Lord Alfred Paget, Lord 
Aylesford, Lord Carington, Colonel Owen Williams, Lord Charles 
Beresford, Captain Fitz George, were invited to join the ex- 
pedition. Canon Duckworth was selected as chaplain, and Sir 
Joseph Phayrer as physician ; Mr. Albert Grey, secretary to Sir 
Bartle Frere, Dr. Russell, and Mr. S. P. Hall as artist, completed 
the list of those who formed the suite of His Royal Highness. 
Several of these General Probyn, Colonel Ellis, and Dr. Phayrer 
had long Indian experience ; and Lord Charles Beresford had 

* The Prince of Wales's Tour : a Diary in India, with some accounts of the 
visits to the Courts of Greece, Egypt, Spain, and Portugal.' By William Howard 
Russell, LL.D. With illustrations by Sydney E. Hall. Sampson Low & Co. 


accompanied the Duke of Edinburgh in his Indian tour the 
year before. 

The route to be laid down required much consultation, partly 
from public considerations and partly from questions of climate 
and care for the Prince's health. The best time of starting had 
also to be considered. At last all was arranged, and on the llth of 
November the Prince started. The route was to be via Brindisi, 
to Greece, Egypt, Bombay, Ceylon, Madras, Calcutta, Lucknow, 
Delhi, Lahore, Agra, Gwalior, Nepal, Bareilly, Allahabad, Indore, 
Bombay, and home by Egypt, Malta, Gibraltar, Spain, Portugal. 
The departure from Lisbon was on the 7th of May, and on the 
llth the Serapis anchored off the Isle of Wight, where the Princess 
of Wales and the children, in the Enchantress yacht, awaited the 
arrival. " The scene at the landing at Portsmouth," says 
Dr. Russell, " was a becoming prelude to the greeting which the 
whole country gave the Prince of Wales on his return from the 
visit to India, which will be for ever a great landmark in the 
history of the Empire." 

The numerous and diverse events and incidents of the months 
in India the sight-seeing, the adventures (some of them strange 
and perilous), the shooting parties and hunting expeditions, the 
manifold amusements and excitements of travel all these were 
enjoyed by the Prince as much as if he were only the most light- 
hearted tourist or keenest sportsman. But at the same time, so 
far as official ceremony and public affairs were concerned, he bore 
himself all through with a thoughtfulness and dignity worthy of 
his high position, and of the important mission with which he 
was entrusted as representing Eoyalty and the British nation. 

There was ceremonial reception at Athens, and again in 
Egypt in the court of the Khedive, but the first official and formal 
event of the Prince's mission was the investiture of Prince Tewfik, 
the Viceroy's eldest son, with the Order of the Star of India. 
This was done in the palace, with imposing ceremony. 

The next official event was the reception of an address from the 
inhabitants of Aden, which was presented by a Parsee merchant, 
on behalf of the community. The address of the Parsee showed 
very clearly how well the object of the Prince's visit was under- 
stood throughout the East. The Prince made an appropriate 
reply, which no doubt was speedily wired to Bombay, and read in 
the native newspapers all over India. 

On arriving at Bombay it was again a Parsee who headed the 
first deputation and read the first address to the Prince on 
landing in India. It was from the Corporation of Bombay, the 
second city in the British Empire, in population if not in wealth. 
The address set forth in glowing terms the historical and 
commercial claims of the city to distinction, and expressed the 
pleasure of seeing among them the heir to the Crown, whom the 
Queen had sent to become personally acquainted with the people 
of India. The Prince replied in the following words : 


" It is a great pleasure to me to begin my travels in India at 
a place so long associated with the Eoyal Family of England, 
and to find that during so many generations of British rule this 
great port has steadily prospered. Your natural advantages 
would have insured a large amount of commerce under any 
strong Government, but in your various and industrious popu- 
lation I gladly recognize the traces of a rule which gives 
shelter to all who obey the laws ; which recognizes no invidious 
distinctions of race; which affords to all perfect liberty in 
matters of religious opinion and belief; and freedom in the 
pursuit of trade and of all lawful callings. I note with satis- 
faction the assurance I derive from your address, that under 
British rule men of varied creeds and nations live in harmony 
among themselves, and develop to the utmost those energies 
which they inherit from widely separate families of mankind, 
wliilst all join in loyal attachment to the British Crown, and 
take their part, as in my native country, in the management of 
their own local affairs. 

" I shall gladly communicate to Her Majesty what you so 
loyally and kindly say regarding the pleasure which the people 
of India derive from Her Majesty's gracious permission to me 
to visit this part of Her Majesty's Empire. I assure you that 
the Princess of "Wales has never ceased to share my regret that 
she was unable to accompany me. She has from her earliest 
years taken the most lively interest in this great country, and 
the cordiality of your greeting this day will make her yet more 
regret the impossibility of her sharing in person the pleasure 
your welcome afforded me." 

This reply, so happily conceived, and delivered with quiet 
earnestness, delighted all who heard it. But the echoes of it 
would soon reach every part of India, and the chiefs and rulers, and 
also the leaders of opinion in the native press, would from these 
words of the Prince receive a lesson of true statesmanship and 
constitutional government. 

The greatest event at Bombay was the reception of the Eulers 
and Chiefs of Western India, a scene of truly Oriental magnifi- 
cence, the description of which forms one of the most brilliant 
chapters in Dr. Russell's book. All the established forms of Indian 
ceremony were observed. The greatest rulers were saluted with the 
largest number of guns, the Maharajah of Mysore, for instance, having 
a salute of twenty-one guns, while others were fifteen-gun chiefs or 


eleven-gun rajahs, as the case might be, according to the population 
and wealth of the territories over which they ruled. Their dresses, 
and jewels, and retinues, and the modes of reception, as well as 
their personal characteristics, are all duly recorded. The Viceroy 
of India, Lord Northbrook, was with the Prince of Wales at one 
grand Durbar, and his position in regard to the Royal Envoy from 
the Queen, the arrangement of which had caused some difficulty in 
anticipation, was gracefully managed by the Viceroy and the 
Prince themselves. The Bombay Durbar passed off admirably. It 
was the Prince's birthday, the 9th of November, and no such scene 
as on that day can he expect again to witness. The " Carpet," which 
takes an important place in. Oriental durbars, the nuzzars or gifts 
of homage, and other points of ceremonial, as well as the number 
of guns in the salute, had all been arranged by official notices to 
the political officers attached to the native courts. But the cordial 
bearing of the Prince, and his kindly words when he was told that 
any visitors knew the English tongue, gave more satisfaction than 
the formal ceremonials. 

A State banquet was given by the Governor in honour of the 
Prince's birthday. In returning thanks for his health, proposed 
by the Governor, the Prince made a short but telling speech. He 
said : 

" It has long been my earnest \vish the dream of my life 
to visit India ; and now that my desire has been gratified, I 
can only say, Sir Philip "VVodekouse, how much pleased I am to 
have spent my thirty-fourth birthday under your roof in 
Bombay. I shall remember with satisfaction the hospitable 
reception I have had from the Governor, and all here, as long 
as I live, and I believe that I may regard what I have experi- 
enced in Bombay as a guarantee of the future of my progress 
through this great Empire, which forms so important a part of 
the dominions of the Queen." 

These last words were a true forecast of the Royal progress 
throughout India. What has been said of Bombay, must serve to 
give an idea of what everywhere had to be recorded. But we 
must refrain from further details of what occurred at other Presi- 
dencies, and only add that the crowning public event of the whole 
tour, the chief ceremony of the mission of the Prince, the holding 
the Chapter of the Order of the Star of India, came off, at Calcutta, 
on New Year's Day, 1876, with brilliant eclat. 

This only may be said, that no more successful embassy than 
that undertaken by the Prince ever went forth from England. It 
may be added that the great ends accomplished by it cost to the 
British Exchequer less than 60,000 ; and this, although no expense 
was spared in carrying out the mission with due display and 


munificence. Nor ought it to be omitted that the Prince was most 
generous, as he is at home, in his gifts to useful and charitable 
institutions, visited by him in the course of his journey. But we 
must leave the fascinating story of the Indian visit, to resume the 
record of the humbler, but not less honourable duties, undertaken 
by the Prince after his return to England. 

May 7th, 1877. 

THE " Licensed Victuallers," as might be expected from so numerous, 
wealthy, and ancient a Corporation, possess several charitable 
institutions. They have a " Permanent Fund," founded as far back 
as 1794, and incorporated in 1836, which grants weekly allowances 
to about two hundred and sixty persons, at an annual outlay of 
4770 ; grants 300 yearly for the maintenance of twelve children 
in the Society's School ; and dispenses temporary relief amounting 
to 500. The School just named, founded in 1803, situated in 
Kennington Lane, Lambeth, wholly maintains and educates 200 
children of deceased or distressed members of the Incorporated 
Society of Licensed Victuallers. Its income from all sources 
averages 6000. Besides these charitable operations, there is the 
Licensed Victuallers' Asylum, in the Old Kent Road, founded in 
1827, and incorporated in 1836, for the reception and mainten- 
ance of decayed aged licensed victuallers, their wives or widows, 
and for granting weekly allowances of money to fifty candidates, 
while waiting for the more substantial benefits of the Society. 
The Asylum comprises 170 distinct houses, with a common library, 
a chapel and resident chaplain. The property covers six acres of 
freehold land, and the annual expense is about 8500. 

In support of this useful and well-managed Asylum, the Prince 
of Wales presided, at a special jubilee festival held on May the 
7th, 1877. The Duke of Sussex was its first patron in 1827, and 
he was succeeded by the Prince Consort, on whose death the 
Prince of Wales assumed the office. A large number of influential 
persons accepted the invitation to be present, including Earl 
Granville, several members of the House of Peers, many members 
of the House of Commons, and three Bishops, in all about 300 
supporters of the institution. 

After grace by the Bishop of Winchester, in whose diocese the 
Asylum is situated, the Chairman rose to propose the usual opening 
toast of " The Queen," saying that Her Majesty had always taken 
deep interest in this Asylum, and had sent 50 to its funds at one 
of its annual festivals. Earl Granville, in a genial and humorous 
speech, proposed the toast of " The Prince and Princess of Wales 


and the rest of the Eoyal Family." The noble Lord said he con- 
sidered it a fortunate circumstance that he was there that evening, 
because in the afternoon he met a friend, who said to him : " You 
really don't mean to say you are going to dine with those wicked 
people the licensed victuallers ? " Now, in arguing the case with 
his friend, he did not go into the abstruse question whether all 
persons who dealt in articles of general demand and great con- 
sumption, useful in themselves, and capable of being misapplied or 
abused, such as food, or drink, or money, or physic, or a great many 
other things which, excellent in themselves in a small quantity, 
might be most deleterious, when misapplied were monsters. He 
satisfied himself with a much shorter answer, which was that, as a 
study in human nature, it would be rather interesting to see 300 
monsters of iniquity assembled cordially to promote the work of 
genuine charity and benevolence. Having justified his presence, 
he ventured to say that the toast he proposed would be received 
with the most unfeigned and genuine pleasure, since he had to 
give " The Health of the Prince, of the Princess of Wales, and the 
rest of the Eoyal Family." He might recommend it on the score 
of the high position of the Chairman, which enabled him to 
influence so many for good, or on the ground that the Prince and 
Princess are the most popular couple in the country, and in all the 
vast dependencies of the British Crown. He might put it on the 
ground that the Prince shows that genial and cordial energy in 
anything which he undertakes, whether in protecting the interests 
of British exhibitors on the Champs de Mars at Paris, or in pre- 
siding in a work of charity and kindliness. He might also recom- 
mend it in consequence of His Eoyal Highness being the very best 
chairman of a public dinner. Instead of long speeches, His Eoyal 
Highness made addresses that were, to use a homely expression, as 
full of meat as an egg. But without using any arguments what- 
ever, he would give them " The Health of the Prince and Princess, 
and the rest of the Eoyal Family," and he was sure it would be 
received with enthusiasm. 

The band of the Grenadier Guards, under Mr. Dan Godfrey, 
played " God Bless the Prince of Wales," after which the Prince rose 
and said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, I am excessively grateful to the 
noble Earl for the most kind and flattering I may say far too 
flattering terms in which he has been kind enough to propose 
my health, that of the Princess, and the other members of my 
family, and for the excessively cordial manner in which you 
have been kind enough to receive it this evening. It is, no 
doubt, somewhat unusual that the health of the Chairman 
should be given at so early a period, but I am very grateful to 
the noble Earl for the kind manner in which he has given it, 


and to you for the way in which you have received it. Lord 
Granville has just mentioned to you that this afternoon he was 
accosted by a friend, who asked him why he was coming to- 
night, and expressed some surprise at his doing so. Lord 
Granville was asked by one friend. During the last three or 
four days I have received as many as 200 petitions from bodies 
in all parts of the United Kingdom begging me on no account 
to be present here this evening. Of course, I do not wish in 
any way to disparage those temperance societies, which have, no 
doubt, excellent objects in view. But I think this time they 
have rather overshot the mark, because the object of the meet- 
ing to-night is not to encourage the love of drink, but to support 
a good and excellent charity. I can only say, and I am sure all 
those here will agree with me, that no one had the interest of 
all those in his adopted country more at heart than my lamented 
father, and I feel perfectly convinced that he would never have 
been the patron of the society unless he was sure that it was 
one that was likely to do good, and that it was deserving of his 
support. Lord Granville has made far too flattering allusion to 
me as a Chairman, but as he has been kind enough to say 
giving me certainly a broad hint that speeches of this kind 
should be short, I am only too happy to avail myself of it ; and 
if brevity is the soul of wit, I shall be the wittiest of chairmen. 
" Before sitting down I wish to bring to your notice a toast 
which is always honoured with enthusiasm at every assemblage 
of Englishmen. The toast is given, indeed, so often that it is 
difficult to vary the manner of giving it, and especially at the 
present moment I feel it would be unbecoming in me to dilate 
in any way on the Army or the Navy. .But at the present 
moment, when the political horizon far away is so obscure, I feel 
sure that, whatever may happen, it is the wish of all English- 
men that our Army, though small, should be in the highest 
state of efficiency, and that our Navy should be, as it ought to 
be, the best in the world. I have lately returned from a short 
trip in the Mediterranean, where I had the pleasure of spending 
ten days in one of the finest men-of-war in Her Majesty's 
service; and though the captain of that vessel is my own 
brother, I feel I may say that there are few vessels which are in 
a better state of order and discipline. And I think that if all 


the rest of the Fleet are in the same state we shall have no 
cause to complain of our Naval Service. With the Army and 
Eeserve Forces I beg to couple the name of General Sir W. 
Knollys, and with the Navy that of Admiral Sir A. Milne, who 
for so long a time has given his valuable services to the 

Sir W. Knollys, in returning thanks, said that, in addition to 
intemperance in drink, there was such a thing as intemperance of 
the brain and pen, and he had observed marks of that in some of 
the communications which, as a member of the Prince's household, 
he had had under his notice during the last few days. Sir Alexander 
Milne also returned thanks. The Prince of Wales then rose and 

"My Lords and Gentlemen, The toast which I now give 
you is the toast of the evening 'Renewed Prosperity to the 
Licensed Victuallers' Asylum.' We are met here together 
to-night for the purpose of doing honour to its 50th anniversary, 
and when I look round me and see so numerous an assembly, I 
feel sure that we shall have in every respect reason to be grate- 
ful for the bounty of these gentlemen, who are prepared to do 
much towards benefiting this excellent charitable institution. 
As everybody is aware, it was founded as a refuge for the aged 
and decayed members of the trade, so that they might be spared 
from dying of hunger, or being thrown on the poor-rates as 
recipients of parish relief. 

" The first stone of this Asylum was laid by my grand uncle, 
the Duke of Sussex, and forty-three houses were then erected. 
Up to the year 1835 lodging only was provided ; but the Board 
of Management then originated a fund which enabled them to 
maintain the inmates as well. A weekly allowance in money 
and coals was granted to these poor people. 

" In the year 1849 the applicants had become so numerous 
that it was determined to erect an additional building. The 
first stone of that building was laid by my lamented father, 
who again performed a similar service when it was found 
necessary, nineteen years ago, to enlarge still further this 
Asylum. In the year 1866 my brother, the Duke of Edinburgh, 
laid the foundation stone of another wing. 

" In the year 1863 I had the pleasure of becoming the Patron 
of this Society, although in sad circumstances, in succession to 


my father. I had great satisfaction also in assisting in the 
ceremony of unveiling the statue which has been erected to the 
memory of my father in the grounds of the Asylum. I believe 
I am correct in stating that the institution now consists of 
about 170 separate habitations. The number of inmates is 
about 210, who receive, the married couples, 10s., and the 
others, 8s. per week, besides coals, medical assistance, &c. 
The annual expenses are very large, as they amount to upwards 
of 8000, and as for the greater amount of that expenditure 
the Asylum is dependent upon voluntary contributions, the 
Governors are most anxious to collect now a sum which may be 
added to their capital in order that they may feel that they 
have more certain sources of income. I feel sure you will aid 
them, and I call upon you once more to give most liberally all 
that is in your power to give, and to show that you are anxious 
by pecuniary means as well as by your presence here this 
evening to benefit the institution. I will not weary you with 
any more words, because no doubt at many other dinners the 
main. facts of the case have been brought before your notice. I 
will only say that it has given me the greatest pleasure to take 
the chair this evening. I thank you again for the cordial 
support which you have been kind enough to give me, and I 
feel that now again 1 may call upon you once more to do all 
in your power for the prosperity of the Licensed Victuallers' 

Lord G. Hamilton, M.P., proposed the toast of " The Stewards," 
Mr. E. N. Buxton, M.P., in acknowledging the toast, said they 
had no desire to claim from His Royal Highness in any sense any 
appearance of taking sides on a question by his presence there that 
night. The kind words he had spoken only showed las approval 
of the great principle that every trade should provide for its poor 
and disabled members. 

The Secretary of the Institution read a list of subscriptions, 
headed with an additional donation of 100 guineas from His Koyal 
Highness, which was followed by large subscriptions from Messrs. 
Bass, Allsopp, Huggins, Mr. C. Sykes, M.P., and other gentlemen. 
The whole list amounted to 5000. 

In recent years the subject of intemperance has attracted more 
attention, and the crime and poverty resulting from drink has led 
to a general consent of opinion that some greater regulation of the 
trade is necessary. 


January 22nd, 1878. 

THE election of His Royal Highness Prince Albert to the Chancellor- 
ship of the University of Cambridge, was one of the honours of 
which he was most justly proud. He was only twenty-eight years 
of age, and had not yet been eight years in England. But during 
these years he had won the respect and admiration of all that was 
highest and best in the nation. When the Chancellorship of Cam- 
bridge became vacant by the death of the Duke of Northumberland, 
on the 12th of February, 1847, application was made to the Prince, 
on the next day, by Dr. Whewell, the Master of Trinity, to allow 
himself to be put in nomination for the office. The request was 
separately made by the Marquis of Lansdowne on the same day. 
A letter from the Bishop of London (Blomfield) conveyed the 
assurance that the Prince's acceptance of the office would be 
regarded by many of the leading members of the University, with 
whom he had conferred, as " honourable and advantageous to the 
University." The Prince replied, through Mr. Anson, to whom 
the bishop's letter was addressed, that he would be gratified 
by such a distinction, if it was the unanimous desire of the 

Unfortunately there was another candidate proposed, and an 
election took place, the Prince obtaining a large majority. Of 24 
Professors who voted, 16 gave their votes for the Prince ; of 30 
Senior Wranglers, 19 were on his side ; while of the resident mem- 
bers 3 to 1 voted for him. Notwithstanding this strong expression 
of opinion, the Prince felt inclined to refuse the office, but was 
induced to accept it, on the reasons of the opposition being explained 
to him, and on the assurance that the contest would be forgotten 
after a few months, and that he might then count on the confidence 
and goodwill of the whole Academical body. 

Fortunately he accepted, and the assurances of his supporters 
were more than verified. On the 24th of March the ceremony of 
inauguration was gone through at Buckingham Palace, when the 
Letters-Patent were presented to the Prince by the Vice-Chancellor, 
accompanied by the most distinguished officials, and about one 
hundred and thirty members of the University. How soon and 
how powerfully his influence was felt in advancing education at 
Cambridge, is matter of history. The following simple entry in 
his Diary, on the 1st of November, 1848, shows the result of his 
first efforts : " My plan for a reform of the studies at Cambridge is 
carried by a large majority." To the enlightened and judicious 
plans of the Prince the subsequent advances and extension of 
education in England have been largely due. Nowhere was this 
more gratefully acknowledged than at Cambridge. 


Daring his life he was honoured, and after his death a statue 
was erected to his memory, chiefly by subscriptions from the 
University. The site chosen was in the Fitz William Museum, a 
memorial worthy of the noble benefactor, who bequeathed to the 
University his valuable collection of pictures and books, with a 
sum of 100,000 to be spent in providing a building suitable for 
their reception. The statue of Prince Albert was here fittingly 
placed. It was one of the best works of Mr. Foley, in his later 
years, and is universally admired as a striking and worthy repre- 
sentation of the illustrious Chancellor. 

It was for the ceremony of unveiling this statue that the Prince 
of Wales visited Cambridge on the 22nd of January, 1878. He 
was met at the gate of the Museum by the Chancellor, the Duke of 
Devonshire, the Lord High Steward, the Vice-Chancellor, and a 
distinguished company. On entering the vestibule an address was 
read by the Chancellor, seting forth the services to the University 
of the Prince Consort, during his fifteen years' tenure of office. 
The address thus concluded : 

" This memorial of the Prince Consort cannot but serve to remind 
xis also as Englishmen of the signal benefits conferred by His 
Royal Highness upon our Queen and country by his wise and far- . 
seeing counsels, his never-wearying vigilance and attention to the 
public welfare, and his entire devotion to the duties of his exalted 
station at the sacrifice of all personal interests and objects. 

" We thank your Royal Highness for the distinguished honour 
conferred upon the University by your presence among us this day. 
It remains only for us to prefer our request that your Royal High- 
ness will now be graciously pleased to uncover the statue. To no 
one does this honourable office more appropriately belong." 

The Prince of Wales returned the following reply : 

" My Lord Duke, Mr. Vice-Chancellor, Members of the Senate, 
and Gentlemen, I thank you for your address. I feel that it is 
hardly necessary for me to assure you what pleasure it affords 
me to be present on this occasion for the purpose of unveiling 
the statue of my illustrious father and your late Chancellor, in 
compliance with the special desire and invitation of the Chan- 
cellor and the Members of the Senate of the University. But, 
apart from the performance of this duty, I must express my 
great satisfaction at having an opportunity of revisiting Cam- 
bridge as a member of your University, and recalling to my 
mind the agreeable recollections which I have always retained 
of my undergraduate's days. The interest which the Prince 
Consort took in everything relating to the welfare of the Uni- 
versity is well known to us all, and it is a source of deep grati- 
fication to me to witness the respect which the members of the 


University show to his memory by the erection of this fine 
statue. I will now proceed to execute the task imposed upon 
me of unveiling the statue." 

The Prince then walked up to the Statue, and having pulled a 
string, it stood unveiled before the assembly, who contemplated it 
for a few moments in silence. 

The Chancellor again addressing the Prince, thanked him for 
the honour which he had done the University in being present on 
so interesting an occasion. It was, however, a source of regret to 
him that so many had passed away who had the best means of 
becoming acquainted with the views and thoughts of the Prince 
Consort such as Professor Sedgwick and Dr. Whewell who, if 
they were alive, would gladly have borne testimony to his great 
virtues that day. There were, however, many now in that hall 
who, he had no doubt, entertained the liveliest recollections of the 
deep interest which was taken by His Koyal Highness in the work 
in which the University was engaged. 

The Earl of Powis also bore testimony to the unwearied interest 
which was taken by the Prince Consort in the development of new 
studies in the University, even amid the weighty cares of State. 

Dr. G. Paget, Regius Professor of Physic, spoke in highly 
eulog^tic terms of the Prince Consort's love of science and art, 
observing that it was under his auspices that the Moral and 
Natural Science Triposes had been established, to the great advan- 
tage of teaching in the University. 

The ceremony in the entrance-hall was thus brought to a close r 
and the Prince of Wales, the Chancellor, and their respective 
suites proceeded to the picture gallery, where His Royal Highness 
held a levee, which was very numerously attended. After the levee 
he returned to Trinity College. It was several years since the 
Prince of Wales had paid a visit to Cambridge of any duration. He 
spent some time there as an under-graduate, and made with the 
Princess of Wales a stay of three days in 1864, when he had the 
degree of LL.D. conferred upon him. 

Another memorable visit was paid on the 9th of June, 1888, 
when the Prince of Wales, accompanied by the Princess and their 
three daughters, witnessed the conferring of an honorary degree 
on Prince Albert Victor. Other notable graduates honoris causa 
were on the list that day, including the Marquis of Salisbury, the 
Earl of Kosebery, Lord Selborne, Mr. Balfour, Mr. Goschen, and 
Professor Stokes. At the luncheon afterwards given in the Fitz- 
william Museum, the Prince of Wales said it was seven and 
twenty years since he was first connected with the University. 
" They were happy days," he added, " and I always look back to- 
them with the greatest pleasure and satisfaction." 

( 193 ) 

June 28th, 1878. 

THIS institution maintains and educates the orphans of persons 
once in prosperity, from earliest infancy till fourteen or fifteen 
years of age. About 60 children are now (1888) annually elected. 
Nearly the whole of the income depends on voluntary contribu- 
tions. Subscribers have votes, according to the amount of their 
subscriptions. There are now nearly 600 in the Asylum, which is 
open to children from all parts of the British dominions. The 
Asylum stands in beautifully wooded grounds, at Wanstead, on 
the outskirts of Epping Forest. 

The Prince, accompanied by the Princess of Wales, presided at 
the anniversary festival, on June 28th, 1878. They drove to 
Wanstead, and were received at the Asylum by the Bishop of 
St. Albans, in whose diocese it is, and by the officers of the institu- 
tion. They were conducted to the Examination Room, where, 
Dagmar Mary Petersen, a little orphan girl, eight years old, 
daughter of a Dane, who settled in London as a commercial clerk, 
herself admitted just eighteen months ago by the loyalty of a lady 
of the Society of Friends, who wished thus to honour the Princess, 
commenced the proceedings with a pretty speech which she had 
got perfectly by heart and recited very clearly. In her childish 
voice she gave those assembled a distinct account of the asylum. 
" She had been told that it was the largest of the kind in England. 
When the boys, girls, officers, and servants are all there, 700 
persons sleep in the building. The schools are in three divisions, 
senior, infants, and nursery children. In the two large senior 
schools there are about 400 boys and girls. They learn grammar, 
history, geography, arithmetic, French, music, and drawing, and 
the girls learn needlework besides. In the two infant schools they 
do not learn quite so much. In the nursery they learn just a very 

little and play a good deal. And being little children they learn 
about the Bible." The little girl who spoke this simple address 
presented a bouquet to the gracious Princess after the ceremony, 
and was kissed, praised, and otherwise gratified. 

" God bless the Prince of Wales " was excellently sung at the 
conclusion of the speech ; the children came up to the Princess and 
took their prizes from her hands ; and marched out of the room, 
keeping time to lively music. The Eoyal party inspected the 
school -rooms, play -rooms, and dormitories, cheerful and well- 
ventilated halls ; and the Princess carried toys to the children in 
the nursery. 

The Prince of Wales took the chair at luncheon, supported by 
the Princess of Wales, and their suite, the Duke and Duchess of 
Manchester, the Bishop of St. Albans and Hon. Mrs. Claughton, 


and a large assembly. After grace the Prince of Wales rose and 
proposed " The Health of Her Majesty the Queen." The toast- 
master next announced a bumper toast, and the Duke of Man- 
chester gave " The Health of His Royal Highness the Prince of 
Wales, and the Princess of Wales," " a toast which is never more 
heartily honoured than on these fortunately frequent occasions, 
when their Eoyal Highnesses patronize and encourage well- 
organized charitable institutions, among which this was perhaps 
one of the best he knew." 

The Prince of Wales said, in reply : 

" Ladies and Gentlemen, On the part of the Princess and 
myself, we beg to return our warmest thanks to the noble duke 
for the kind way in which he has proposed this toast, and to 
you, ladies and gentlemen, for the cordial manner in which you 
have received it. It has afforded both the Princess and myself 
the greatest possible pleasure and the greatest possible gratifica- 
tion to come here to-day and to inaugurate the fifty-first anni- 
versary of this excellent and commendable institution. What 
we have seen ourselves, and what the most part of the company 
have witnessed on their own part, I think will do more than 
anything I can say to show you what an excellent institution 
this is, and how worthy it is of support in every way. The 
manner in which the children sang, the discipline under which 
they are evidently kept, the clean and healthy appearance of all 
of them, is a matter of sincere congratulation to all those who 
take interest in this institution or have the trouble of its 
management. I may say that there is one little girl who per- 
fectly astonished us by the elocution which she possessed well 
worthy of many a distinguished member of Parliament. 

" It was highly interesting to the Princess, as well as to myself, 
to have been here to-day, the fortieth anniversary of the Queen's 
Coronation. The first stone of the building in which we are 
now was laid by my lamented father a few months before I was 
born ; and I hold in my hand the mallet which was used by 
him on that occasion, and which has been sent to me by Sir 
Charles Eeed, the chairman of the London School Board, whose 
father, Dr. Andrew Pteed, was, I understand, one of the pro- 
moters of this institution, and always took the warmest interest 
in its welfare. This day seventeen years ago the Prince Consort 
visited this institution, and this day exactly twelve years ago 
was the last time the Princess and I were here. 


" I am sure there is but little more for me to say in commend- 
ing so admirable an institution to you, which has now existed 
for half a century, which maintains 600 children during the 
course of the year, and has educated and sent forth into the 
world as many as 3000 up to the present time. But a well- 
managed institution like this, with the spacious rooms which 
we have seen, will naturally convince you that it must cost a 
considerable sum, and I believe I am not incorrect in stating 
that it requires at least 18,000 a year to maintain this asylum. 
And as it is almost entirely supported by voluntary contribu- 
tions I feel sure that all those present will do all they can to 
support this institution, and to tell their friends when they go 
home how worthy it is of support. I have now, in conclusion, 
only to propose a toast which I give most heartily ' Pros- 
perity to the Infant Orphan Asylum.' " 

The Prince of Wales then left the chair, resigning it to the 
Bishop of St. Albans, who gave the other usual toasts. 

The secretary read a list of subscriptions. The Queen had sent 
her annual donation of 10 guineas ; the Prince of Wales before 
leaving placed in the hands of the secretary a cheque for 100 
guineas ; the Duke of Edinburgh gave 10 guineas; H. S. C. (who 
had long been an anonymous benefactress), 100 guineas ; country 
friends, 462. In all, about 1600. 

This concluded the formal proceedings, but the summer weather 
tempted many of the visitors to prolong their stay in the pleasant 
gardens of the asylum. 

July 24th, 1878. 

IN the autumn of 1877, the Prince of Wales went to Dartmouth, to 
place his sons, Prince Edward (as he was then usually called) and 
Prince George, on the training ship Britannia, under the care of 
Captain Fairfax, E.N. At the end of the summer term, in the 
following year, the Prince consented to preside at the distribution 
of prizes on the Britannia, and graciously announced that the 
successful pupils should receive their medals and books from the 
hands of the Princess of Wales. 

The Mayor and Corporation of the ancient borough of Dartmouth 
took advantage of the occasion to give official welcome to the 



Royal visitors, and to present an address, which the Prince 
signified his readiness to receive on board the Royal yacht, Osborne. 
Thither the magistrates repaired in the forenoon. The picturesque 
estuary of the river Dart never had displayed so festive an appear- 
ance. The Britannia, and her attendant yacht the Sirius, the Royal 
yacht, the Admiralty yacht, which had brought the Lords of the 
Admiralty, several ships of the Plymouth fleet, under Admiral Sir 
Thomas Symonds, besides a large flotilla of yachts, steam launches, 
and all sorts of boats, were covered with gay bunting, while flags 
floated from every point of the shore and the town. 

The Town Clerk having read the Address from the ancient 
borough, which was first incorporated by a charter of Ed ward III., 
in 1342, and had figured in subsequent history, especially at the 
time of the Spanish Armada, the Prince, in reply, said : 

" On behalf of the Princess of Wales, as well as on my own 
behalf, I offer my sincere thanks to you for your address and 
for your cordial welcome to us on our visit to this ancient and 
beautiful town. The salubrity of the climate of Dartmouth and 
the excellence of your sanitary arrangements have long been 
known to me, and I can appeal to no better proof of my entire 
confidence in them than that afforded by the step I have taken 
in sending our two sons to be educated on board the Britannia. 
I beg to assure you that with that step both the Princess and 
myself are perfectly satisfied. I trust you will continue to 
devote your attention as you have done in the past to the im- 
provement of the sanitary arrangements of the town. I thank 
you again for the kind wishes you have expressed towards the 
Princess, myself, and our family." 

The Prince also congratulated the Mayor, Sir Henry Seale, on 
the splendid effect of the illuminations of the previous evening. 
Accompanied by the Municipal authorities, and by the Duke of 
Connaught, Prince Louis of Battenberg, and a numerous retinue, 
the Prince and Princess then proceeded to the Britannia for the 
distribution of the prizes. They were received by Mr. W. H. Smith, 
then First Lord of the Admiralty, and the other Lords ; by the 
Commander-in-Chief of the Plymouth division of the Channel 
Fleet ; and Captain Fairfax of the Britannia. Between 500 and 
600 of the friends or relatives of the cadets, and other invited 
guests, among whom were Lord and Lady Charles Beresford, Sir 
Samuel and Lady Baker, were assembled on the quarter-deck, 
sheltered from the sun by a canopy of flags, surmounted by the 
flag of Denmark, and the white ensign of England. 

The distribution of the prizes took place, a report on the state of 
the training having been previously read by Dr. Hirst, director of 


studies at the Greenwich Naval College, who had superintended 
the examination of the cadets. 

After the distribution, the Prince of Wales, standing on the deck 
in the uniform of a captain of the Eoyal Naval Keserve, said : 

" My Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, Permit me to express to 
you the great pleasure it has given the Princess to present the 
cadets who are about to leave the Britannia, the prizes which 
they have so successfully won, and to express to you on my 
own part as well as on that of the Princess the very great 
pleasure it has given us to be here to witness and take part in 
these interesting proceedings. From Dr. Hirst we heard a most 
interesting and exhaustive speech regarding the studies of the 
cadets and their merits. I can only wish those who are about to 
leave the Britannia, and who have now fairly entered that 
noble service for which they have been trained, all possible 
success. Let me hope that the tuition they have received here 
will not be thrown away upon them, and that they may all 
emulate those bright examples to be found in English history 
and of which every naval officer must be proud. To those 
cadets who still remain on board this ship I can only recommend 
strict assiduity to their studies and strict obedience to discipline, 
and all of them to try to pass out of the Britannia as highly as 
they can, remembering, above all, that saying which one of our 
greatest admirals has handed down to posterity ' England 
expects every man will do his duty.' A personal interest 
which the Princess and myself take in this ship and the con- 
fidence we have of its being an excellent practical school for 
boys have been testified by the fact that we have sent our two 
sons among you to be educated. For myself, my only hope 
and trust is that they may do credit to the ship and to their 

Mr. W. H. Smith, M.P., First Lord of the Admiralty, thanked 
their Royal Highnesses fur their welcome presence, and called 
upon the cadets to give three cheers for the Prince and Princess of 
Wales. The cheers were prolonged to three times three, caught 
up in row-boats around, and echoed by the high banks of the Dart. 
The chief captains of the cadets, who are mainly responsible for 
discipline and occupy a place of honour in the ship's mess-room on 
the main deck, were presented to the Prince and Princess, and the 
proceedings came to an end. Captain and Mrs. Fairfax had the 
honour of entertaining the Royal personages and a select party at 


luncheon. Later in the day the Prince of Wales paid a visit to 
Captain Zirzow, on the German Imperial frigate Niobe, and drank 
a glass of wine to the health of the Emperor of Germany. Captain 
Zirzow telegraphed at once to the Emperor that the Prince of 
Wales had called a health to him. 

When the Prince and Princess arrived at Dartmouth on Tuesday 
they were rowed to the Britannia, one of their sons steering and 
the other pulling the second "bow oar. They left the ship in a 
boat rowed by full-grown sailors, and with their two sons, who 
were going home for their holidays, sitting in the stern sheets. 
From the Britannia to the landing-place, which was brightly 
draped with crimson cloth, hawsers were stretched and thus a 
clear lane was kept among the crowd of craft for the passage of 
the Royal boat. The cadets of the Britannia sat in their blue coats 
with tossed oars, and cheers were raised by those on the boats, 
yachts, the many little steam launches, and the shore. Little 
girls threw flowers before the Princess as she stepped upon the 
landing stage. A special train was waiting to meet the ordinary 
mail from Penzance and Plymouth. 

So ended a visit which formed an interesting incident in the 
family life of the Prince, and the events of which will long be 
remembered in South Devon. 


May 5th, 1879. 

THE objects of the Cabdrivers' Benevolent Association are : 1, to 
give annuities of 20 a year ; 2, to grant small loans ; 3, to give 
temporary assistance in cases of urgent distress ; 4, to assist the 
widows and orphans of cabmen. This is an institution the 
benefits of which are so obvious, and for the help of a class of men 
so hard-worked, so uncertainly paid, and so useful to the public, 
that we are not surprised at the readiness with which the Prince 
of Wales assented to preside at one of its annual festivals, and at 
the hearty earnestness in which he made an appeal on its behalf. 
It was at the festival dinner on the 5th of May, 1879. On 
coming to the toast of the evening His Eoyal Highness said : 

" There is, I think, no class of our fellow-countrymen that 
deserve more of our consideration than the cabdrivers of this 
great city, and it has already been truly expressed to you that 
one cannot think without pity of these poor men sitting on 
their cabs in the cold east winds with which we are, alas ! so 


well acquainted, and in the rain and snow which have been our 
lot now for so many months. 

" They are as a rule, I believe, a class honest, persevering, 
and industrious. For them I have to plead to-night, and for 
this excellent institution, which has for the last nine years 
rendered to them such great benefits. 

" The objects of this Cabdrivers' Benevolent Association are, 
as you are aware, threefold first, to give annuities at the rate 
of 12 each to aged cabdrivers or to those who from infirmity 
are unable to earn their living ; secondly, to grant loans without 
interest to members requiring such aid, and to give temporary 
assistance to those who may be in distress through unavoidable 
causes ; and, thirdly, to give legal assistance to members who 
may be unjustly summoned to the police courts. It is hardly 
possible to conceive that any benevolent institution of this kind 
is more deserving of support, not only by the large assembly 
who are gathered here, but by the inhabitants generally of our 
great Metropolis. There are a thousand cabmen who are 
members of this Association, and they pay 5s. a year. Pensions 
of 12 are granted now to old and indigent cabdrivers, but it is 
our great wish to augment that sum to 16 " (now 20). " The 
system of loans seems to have answered admirably in every 
respect; 600 has been granted to the members without in- 
terest, and these loans have, I understand, been always most 
regularly and most punctually repaid. Two hundred and thirty- 
three cabmen or their families have been assisted by this society 
in various years since its formation, and its existing capital is 
more than 3000 ; but this we hope to augment still further. 

" One statement I may make which may be of interest to 
those present here this evening. I ^mentioned that as a class 
the cabmen are thoroughly honest. As a proof of that I have 
statistics here before me which state that last year there were 
between 16,000 and 17,000 articles left in cabs, amounting in 
value to about 20,000, which have been punctually returned. 
I believe, at least it is the popular belief, that there is only one 
article a cabman never returns, and this is an umbrella, and I 
think that is, we may consider, quite fair. A gentleman having 
an umbrella may not want a cab, but without an umbrella he 
will be compelled to take a cab if the rain comes on ! 


" There are now between 11,000 and 12,000 cabmen, and the 
amount of the expense in cab fares comes to a most colossal 
sum, something between 4,000,000 and 5,000,000 sterling. 
With regard to the remark I made as to the honesty of cabmen, 
it may perhaps be not out of place if I mention an anecdote 
which was told me to-day. A gentleman drove in a cab to a 
shop, left the cab, and entered the shop. On coming out of the 
shop, he was not in so quiet a frame of mind as when he entered 
it; it was evident to the passers-by that he was dissatisfied 
with the shopman ; he left the shop and went away. The 
shopman threw a case into the cab. The gentleman had for- 
gotten it. But the cabman immediately drove to Scotland 
Yard and delivered the case, which was found to contain 
jewellery worth 2300. This will give you some idea of the 
honesty of these men, for whom we are endeavouring to do 
much. Some considerable good was done only four years ago 
by a philanthropic and noble lord whose name is known to you, 
who started cabmen's shelters. There are now twenty of these, 
and they shelter 2000 cabmen, doing much to alleviate the 
discomfort of the men, who sit so many hours of the night 
suffering from the inclemency of the seasons. 

"When I see this large assemblage I feel I shall not call in 
vain, and I call upon you to augment the capital which already 
exists. With this toast I have great pleasure in associating one 
who is treasurer of the Association, Lord Richard Grosvenor 
(now Lord Stalbridge), member of a family well known in works 
of charity and philanthropy. I thank you for the kind way in 
which you have listened to my imperfect remarks, and now I 
must ask you to drink with enthusiasm ' Success to the Cab- 
drivers' Benevolent Association ' ' " 

It is pleasant to find from the latest published report that the 
Institution, which the Prince of Wales so warmly commended, is 
in a prosperous condition. The annuities have been raised to 20, 
and there, are 40 annuitants now on the books. The receipts in 
1887 were 2191, and the funded property was 10,000. Tem- 
porary relief was given to upwards of 200 cabmen. Upwards of 
1200 members contribute 5s. annually, but this is a small 
proportion of the whole number of cabdrivers, more of whom 
ought to be persuaded to join as members, as they alone receive 
the benefits of the Association. The applicants for loans, on 
the prescribed terms, were 89. The cabmen have been fortunate 


in the chairmen at the festivals and annual general meetings. 
The Prince of Wales is patron of the Association. The honorary 
secretary is G-. Stormont Murphy, Esq., and the office is at 
15, Soho Square. 

May 23rd, 1880. 

THE Prince of Wales presided at Willis's Eooms at a dinner in 
aid of the funds of the Princess Helena College, on the 23rd of 
May, 1880. 

After the customary proceedings and toasts of the evening, and 
speeches by the Duke of Cambridge and Lord Sydney, the Prince 
rose and proposed the toast of " Prosperity to the Princess Helena 
College." He said : 

" At many of the dinners at which I have the pleasure of 
taking the chair, the charities in support of which they are 
given require more words to bring them to the notice of those 
who attend 'than the present one does. But though the specific 
nature of this institution relieves me from the necessity of 
entering upon any lengthened advocacy of its claims, it is not 
the less deserving of your hearty support in every respect. As 
you are aware, the Princess Helena College was formerly called 
the Adult Orphan Institution, and it has for its object the 
bringing up of daughters of officers of the Army and Navy and 
of clergymen. Its first meeting took place as far back as 1818, 
and in 1820 the institution was built. As Lord Sydney told 
you, it originated with a relative of his own. It was founded 
by her, and by my grand-aunt, Princess Augusta of Gloucester. 
King George IV. also took great interest in its welfare, allotting 
the plot of ground in the Eegent's Park where the College now 

"The object of the institution is not only to provide a 
thoroughly good education for the daughters of officers and 
clergymen, but to send them forth into the world in a useful 
capacity ; and I think you will agree with me that in the 
capacity of well-qualified governesses they go forth in the most 
useful manner. In the days when it was first instituted so 
much attention was not given to education as in our time, and 


you can therefore easily understand that as more highly efficient 
education is needed now for these young ladies there is a 
proportionate increase of expense. Like many other institutions, 
its expenditure has been greater than its receipts, and, as a 
consequence, it has been found necessary to somewhat alter its 
rules by admitting a certain number of paying students as 
boarders, and also by establishing day classes for the daughters 
of gentlemen. In order to fit the institution for this new 
sphere of operations it has been necessary to enlarge the 
building, and though, no doubt, the effect of this arrangement 
will be to increase receipts, the enlargement of the building has 
naturally entailed great cost, and in order to meet that charge 
I have to call upon you, gentlemen, to do all you can, by a most 
liberal contribution to-night, to enable the committee to meet 
their pecuniary difficulties. The best proof you can give me 
of the real interest you take in the welfare of this excellent 
institution will be to subscribe as handsomely as it is in your 
power to do. I am informed that a distinguished naval officer 
is acting as steward here to-night in gratitude for the benefit 
his daughters have derived in their education from a governess 
who was brought up at the Princess Helena College. I have 
mentioned before that the Queen is its patron. Her Majesty 
subscribes 50 a year to its funds, and on this special occasion 
she presents 100 guineas. The interest taken by my sister, the 
Princess, in its welfare is sufficiently proved by the fact that 
she is President of the Council of the College, and I have great 
pleasure in stating to you that it is by her express wish and 
recommendation that I am here to-night. I will, in conclu- 
sion, again ask you to let me feel by the liberality of your 
contributions that I have not failed in my duty as your 

The Secretary then read a list of donations and subscriptions, 
which, including those from the Queen and 100 guineas from the 
Prince of Wales, amounted to over 2060. 

The College still flourishes at Ealing, a populous district, where 
day boarders are also admitted to the classes of the institution. 

( 203 ) 

June 17 th, 1880. 

To possess the best possible packet service between England and 
Ireland is a matter of national importance. In the old days of 
sailing ships the perils and uncertainties of the passage across the 
Channel were notorious. When steamships carried mails and 
passengers, and when the bridging of the Menai Straits for railway 
traffic had been achieved, it was necessary to provide improved 
harbour accommodation, and other works, both for convenience 
and safety, at Holyhead. These works included a spacious harbour, 
and a breakwater securing the additional space of a sheltered 
roadstead. The length of the North Breakwater is nearly 8000 
feet. The harbour and deep-water sheltered roadstead are together 
between six and seven hundred acres in extent. It took twenty- 
five years to carry out the design, at a cost of about 1,500,000. 
This outlay included the works and buildings for Government 
use in the postal service. The engineer-in-chief was Mr. James 
Eennel, and on his death, in 1856, Mr. afterwards Sir John 

To celebrate the completion of the works, the Prince of Wales 
visited Holyhead on the 19th of August, 1873, when he declared 
the Breakwater complete and the Harbour of Eefuge open. The 
Duke of Edinburgh, Master of the Trinity House, Sir Frederick 
Arrow, Deputy Master, and many distinguished representatives of 
various departments of the public service assisted at the ceremony. 
Near the Lighthouse a gun-metal plate records the fact that the 
Breakwater, " commenced in 1845, was on August 19th, 1873, 
declared complete, by Albert Edward, Prince of Wales," in 
whose public life the proceedings of the day form a memorable 

But there was yet much to be done for the Anglo-Irish route, via 
Holyhead. The communication had so increased that the North 
Western Eailway Company found enlarged harbour accommodation 
a necessity for the benefit of their own traffic. 

It is not often that Eoyal sanction is given to the undertakings of 
shareholding companies ; but the new harbour at Holyhead, while 
it was constructed at the cost and for the benefit of the London 
and North Western Eailway Company, has so much importance 
for commerce and traffic, as to make it a national object. The 
Prince of Wales was accordingly asked to inaugurate the new 
harbour, and a large number of distinguished and official persons 
were invited by the Directors to be present on the occasion. At 
the luncheon, the Chairman of the Company proposed the usual 
loyal toasts, and the Prince of Wales responded in the following 
terms : 


" Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen, I am deeply 
flattered by the kind manner in which this toast has been 
proposed and received in this large and distinguished assem- 
blage. I feel it a matter of the greatest pleasure, and at the 
same time the greatest pride, to be among you here to-day. 
It is a matter of pride, ladies and gentlemen, to be connected 
with this Principality, and it has afforded me the greatest 
pleasure to accept the invitation of the Chairman and Directors 
of the London and North Western Company to inaugurate this 
new harbour. It is not the first time, as you are aware, that I 
have had occasion to come to Holyhead. Seven years ago I 
had the pleasure of inaugurating your breakwater, which I am 
glad to see is now successfully terminated and is of the greatest 
possible utility. The sunshine we have enjoyed to-day may be 
taken as a good augury for the success of the London and 
North Western Eailway Company in their new undertaking. 
This undertaking has cost them a very large sum of money, 
but it will, I am sure, be of the greatest benefit to commerce, 
and will tend to make the Holyhead route still more than it is 
a connecting link between England and Ireland. Before sitting 
down I have a toast to propose, which I feel sure you will 
drink with the greatest pleasure ; it is ' The Health of the 
Chairman, Mr. Moon, and Success and Prosperity to the London 
and North Western Eailway Company.' I also desire to declare 
the new harbour open." 

Both on land and water there were many loyal demonstrations ; 
and gentlemen representing all the leading railway companies, 
French and Irish, as well as English and Welsh, were entertained 
by the Directors of the London and North Western. 

The opening sentences of a leading article in the Times on the 
following day, form a tribute due to the Prince for his part in the 
ceremony : 

"The repi-esentative duties of Eoyalty in this country are 
heavier than the private functions the hardest-worked Englishman 
has to perform. Only the other day we were recording the part 
played by the Prince of Wales in an ecclesiastical pageant in 
Cornwall. On Wednesday he was introducing a foreign Sovereign 
to the Corporation of London. Straight from that ceremonial he had 
to take flight across the island to open formally the new harbour 
at Holyhead. In these scenes and a hundred like them a Prince's 
functions cannot be discharged satisfactorily unless he be at once 
an impersonation of Eoyal State and, what is harder still, his own 


individual self. He must act his public character as if he enjoyed 
the festival as much as any of the spectators. He must be able 
to stamp a national impress upon the solemnity, yet mark its 
local and particular significance. In presenting a King of the 
Hellenes to the citizens at the Guildhall the Prince of Wales had 
to remember that his guest and the guest of the City was both a 
near and dear relative and the embodiment of an illustrious cause. 
In laying the first stone of a cathedral at Truro he had to be both 
Duke of Cornwall and the Heir of England. In presiding 
yesterday at Holyhead he had to recollect the provincial associa- 
tions connected with the title he bears, and not forget the imperial 
importance of a work which creates a new link between two great 
divisions of the United Kingdom. That he achieved his task 
successfully was a matter of course. No apprehension ever touches 
those who are present at a scene of which the Prince of Wales is 
the centre, that he may chance to chill by lack of interest, to 
choose his words of admiration inopportunely, or to praise without 
sympathy. The work he came, as it were, to sanction by national 
approbation is a grand engineering undertaking, and is grander 
yet in its probable moral consequences. The Prince of Wales 
understood and expressed its significance from both aspects." 

August 16 to, 1880. 

THE Eoyal Welsh Fusiliers (or Twenty-third Regiment of Foot in 
the old Army Lists) received the more familiar name from having 
been first raised in Wales in 1714, and in honour of the Prince of 
Wales of that day. Their nationality is further betokened by the 
Prince of Wales's plume, with the motto "Ich Dien," which, 
together with the Rising Sun, the Red Dragon, the White Horse, 
and the Sphinx, they bear on their colours. The regiment is one 
of the oldest and most famous in the Army, and the proud words, 
" Nee aspera terrent," which are emblazoned on its regimental 
silk, it has amply justified by its gallant conduct from the Battle 
of the Boyne, in 1690, to the Indian Mutiny, in 1858, including 
Egypt, Corunna, Martinique, Albuera, Badajoz, Salamanca, the 
Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Waterloo, Alma, Inkerman, 
Sebastopol, and nearly fifty other engagements which are not 
recorded on its colours. 

It was peculiarly fitting that the duty of presenting new colours 
to this brave and distinguished Welsh regiment should be under- 
taken by the Prince of Wales. This he did on the 16th of August, 
1880, coming from Osborne for the purpose, when the 1st Battalion 


of the Welsh Fusiliers, above nine hundred strong, including 
officers, was embarking for India from Portsmouth. 

The colours, exchanged for new ones on that day, had been pre- 
sented in 1849 by the late Prince Consort, the battalion at the 
same time receiving from the Queen the first of those Eoyal goats, 
which have always since marched at the head of the regiment. 
When the gallant " Nanny Goats," as the Twenty-third are nick- 
named, first had the regimental pet is not exactly known, but 
since 1849 a Eoyal goat has been received from Windsor whenever 
a vacancy occurs. 

The colours replaced by the new ones in 1880 had a history of 
their own, and the regiment took pride in them, although in such 
a tattered condition that they could not be unfurled. The Queen's 
colour was that which was carried by Lieutenant Anstruther, who 
was killed when planting it on the Great Eedoubt at Sebastopol. 
Twelve officers and half the rank and file fell in that terrible rush, 
but the Eoyal Welsh had the honour of first entering the enemy's 
stronghold. No fewer than seventy-five bullets passed through the 
colours, and the pole of one of them was shot in two, and had to 
be tied up with a cord. Sergeant O'Connor, though dangerously 
wounded, carried the Queen's colours till the end of the battle, and 
was rewarded by a commission in the regiment, receiving the 
Yictoria Cross at the close of the war. He rose to be Colonel of 
the 2nd Battalion, and was present, with his breast covered with 
well-earned decorations, when the Prince of Wales came to 
present the new colours at Portsmouth. The colours were after- 
wards carried through the Indian Mutiny, where Colonel Elgee 
and several of the officers had the honour of serving under them. 
The ragged relics were relegated to the honourable obscurity of 
Wrexham Church. 

The ceremony of removing the old colours and presenting the 
new was an imposing spectacle, witnessed by an immense assem- 
blage, and amidst great enthusiasm. The old colours having been 
placed in front of the saluting post, were afterwards sent to the 
rear, the band playing " Auld Lang Syne." Then the new colours 
were presented by the Prince, with whom was the Princess of 
Wales, the Duke of Edinburgh, and Prince Edward of Saxe- Weimar. 
Having received the colours from the Majors, the Prince presented 
them separately to the Lieutenants, and then turning to the 
Colonel, spoke as follows : 

" Colonel Elgee, officers, and non-commissioned officers and 
men of the Eoyal Welsh Fusiliers, I consider it a very great 
privilege to have been asked to present your regiment with new 
colours on the eve of its departure for India. It occurs to me 
in presenting these colours that they are to replace those which 
were given to you about thirty-one years ago by my lamented 
father, and which through three campaigns your regiment has 


carried with honour and success. You will in a few years 
celebrate your 200th anniversary, and during that time your 
regiment has served in nearly every quarter of the globe, and 
seen as much or more service than any regiment in the Army. 
You have served at Corunna, Salamanca, the Peninsula, Water- 
loo, Alma, Inkerman, Sebastopol, Lucknow, and, coming down 
to more recent times, Ashantee. I feel sure that there will 
always be the same emulation among those who serve in your 
ranks as there has been in the past, and that the good name of 
your regiment will always be maintained as prominently as it 
is now. You are now on the eve of departure for India, and 
nobody wishes you ' God-speed ' more sincerely than I do. I 
feel sure that, whatever your services may be, they will be such 
as will bring credit to your regiment, and will add additional 
proofs of the valour for which it is so justly celebrated." 

Colonel Elgee made a suitable and soldierly reply, thus con- 
cluding : " I am sure that wherever the colours are carried 
whether before an enemy or in the performance of our duties 
at home in times of peace the regiment will always main- 
tain the high reputation it has won. On the eve of our departure 
for India, we beg to express our heartiest wishes for the health 
and happiness of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen, your 
Eoyal Highness, the Princess of Wales, and the remainder of the 
Eoyal Family." 

The line having been reformed, His Eoyal Highness had the 
whole of the officers drawn up on each side of the drums, and as 
they saluted and passed to their posts, each was individually pre- 
sented to the Prince and Princess by the Colonel. A few more 
movements, and the ranks were closed, the line broke into 
columns to the right, and marched past to the jetty, where they 
embarked on board the Malabar. After luncheon, the whole party 
from the Eoyal yacht, including the Princess Beatrice, who had 
arrived in the Alberta to receive the Empress Eugenie and take her 
to Osborne on a visit to the Queen, proceeded on board the Malabar, 
where they stayed three-quarters of an hour and made a thorough 
inspection of the ship, where they were welcomed with much 
enthusiasm. When at length the ship drew away into the stream, 
followed by the Eoyal yacht Osborne, the baud of the Eoyal 
Marines ashore played " The March of the Men of Harlech," and 
" Cheer, Boys, Cheer," while the troops responded by singing 
" Auld Lang Syne." 


May 24th, 1881. 

THIS Hospital, which is the oldest of its kind in London, is situated 
in Waterloo Bridge Eoad, in a populous and poor district. It 
contains now about 50 beds. The number of out-patient attendances 
averages 3000 a month, and upwards of 250 visits each month are 
paid by the house-surgeon to sick children at their own homes. 
The ordinary receipts are about 3000, and the funded property 
6500. It is a well-managed and useful charity, and just such a 
one as would gain the good will of the Prince of Wales, who pre- 
sided at the festival dinner, in Willis's Eooms, on the Queen's 
Birthday, May 24th, 1881. . 

After the customary loyal and patriotic toasts, the Royal Chair- 
man briefly but earnestly pleaded the cause of the charity. He 
said that 

The largeness of the gathering on that occasion was evidence 
of the interest taken in this great and important charity. 
During the last few years, he remarked, we had suffered from 
both agricultural and commercial depression, and institutions 
of a charitable kind, especially those which owed their existence 
and maintenance to voluntary contributions, must naturally 
feel a depression, which prevented many persons from coming 
forward to their support; but still he did not despair of the 
results of the appeal which he had to make that evening. This 
institution had now been in existence for seventy-one years. 
It was situated in a very populous and very poor district, its- 
object being the cure of sick children and women. He might 
remark that many of his family had taken considerable interest 
in this hospital. His grandfather, the Duke of Kent, presided 
at the first anniversary dinner, and his great-uncle, the Duke of 
Sussex, took a deep interest in it. Only four years ago his 
sister, the Princess Louise, visited the institution, and, being 
much gratified with what she saw, gave her name to one of the 
wards. Unfortunately, the institution was not so nourishing 
financially as it ought to be. The ordinary income was 2000 
a year less than was required to meet the expenditure. It was 
also most important that the hospital should be enlarged. The 
freehold of the surrounding property had been obtained from 
the Duchy of Cornwall at an expense of 3000. Several years 


ago that great philanthropist, Lord Shaftesbury, presided at a 
dinner in aid of this charity, when a sum of nearly 3000 was 
raised. If the same amount could be made up that evening all 
who were interested in the institution would be deeply gratified. 
Mentioning that since the foundation of the Hospital as many 
as 400,000 children had been relieved, His Eoyal Highness 
said that patients were received not only from all parts of this 
country, but also from the Continent, and medical and surgical 
treatment was afforded them gratuitously. The report of the 
Hospital Saturday Fund stated that the institution stood among 
the first for efficiency and economy. 

Before concluding his speech the Prince of Wales proposed the 
health of the Lord Mayor, who is by virtue of his office President 
of the institution. Mr. Kestin, the Secretary, read a list of dona- 
tions and subscriptions which, including 100 guineas from the 
chairman, exceeded 2000. 

July 2nd, 1881. 

THE Prince of Wales, accompanied by the Princess, distributed the 
principal prizes of the year at King's College, London, on the 2nd 
of July, 1881. The Eev. Canon Barry, D.D., the Principal, received 
the Royal visitors, and at the opening of the proceedings, said : " it 
will always be a day in the annals of the College to be marked 
with a white stone, when the Prince and Princess of Wales had 
come for the first time among them, and on the jubilee day of the 
institution." After the distribution of the prizes "and decorations, 
the Prince acknowledging a vote of thanks for his presence, pro- 
posed by the Duke of Cambridge, and seconded by the Bishop of 
Gloucester, said : 

" Mr. Principal Barry, Ladies and Gentlemen, For the very 
kind words in which the illustrious Duke has proposed the vote 
of thanks, the kind way in which it has been seconded by the 
Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, and the cordial manner in 
which you have all been good enough to receive this vote, I ask 
you to accept my most sincere thanks, and also the thanks of 
the Princess of Wales for the kind way in which her name has 
been alluded to to-day. 



" It would have been a gratification to me on any day to come 
to this college and present the prizes to the successful compe- 
titors, but as this day is your jubilee day, your fiftieth anni- 
versary, it makes it still more interesting to me to come here 
to-day and give away the prizes. After all that has fallen 
from the lips of your Principal, and after perusing, though I 
admit somewhat cursorily, the annual report, but little is left 
for me to say ; but all those who take an interest in the success 
of this college will have every reason to be satisfied with the 
state of the college, and with the report which I hold in my 
hands. Everything connected with this institution is on a 
most satisfactory and excellent footing. 

" In these days, when education is so much thought of, and 
when meetings in every part of the kingdom are continually 
taking place for the purpose of getting still higher standards of 
education, it is naturally difficult for institutions of old date to 
keep up with the times ; but I do not think or fear that this 
college will have any reason to fear competition from others, as 
it already stands as one of the second or third great educational 
colleges in the kingdom. The prizes which have been given to- 
day for the different subjects in this list embrace nearly every 
possible subject of education which may be of use to those 
young men who are going out into the world. 

" This college justly claims to be one which has done very 
much for the higher education of men ; and it affords me, and I 
know it affords also the Princess of Wales, great gratification to 
learn that it will be extended also towards the education of 
women. This year, since the Principal and the Council received 
a memorial signed by various distinguished persons, they have 
very wisely adopted that memorial, by enabling women already 
to receive education by way of listening to lectures from dis- 
tinguished teachers and professors in this college. 

" It has been already stated that some of our children have 
received education from some of the professors of this college. 
It is very gratifying to us that such has been the case, and we 
have every hope that they will derive benefit from the instruc- 
tion they have received. 

" Before concluding I wish to congratulate those young gentle- 
men to whom I have presented these prizes to-day on having 


received these proofs that the education they have received here 
has not been thrown away. As most of them are about to 
leave the college, I sincerely hope they will allow me to offer 
them my best wishes, and to trust that in their future career 
they will continue to do credit to themselves and those by whom 
they have been educated. I again express the pleasure which 
both the Princess and myself have felt in coming here to-day, 
and say that we most cordially wish continued and lasting 
prosperity to King's College." 

July 16th, 1881. 

THE Lord Mayor of London entertained the Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent of the Colonial Institute, and a large company of representa- 
tives of the Colonies, with other distinguished guests, at dinner, 
at the Mansion House, on July the 16th, 1881. Seldom has there 
been such an assemblage in the Capital of tlie British. Empire. 
Governors, Premiers, and Administrators of so many countries 
were present, that one might almost wonder how affairs went on in 
their absence. But rulers as well as subjects must have holiday 
rest, and the facility and rapidity of travel allow easy access from 
all parts of the world to " the mother country." 

The Lord Mayor (Sir William Me Arthur, M.P.), after the toast 
of " The Queen," said that they were honoured with the presence 
of an unexpected but very distinguished guest, the King of the 
Sandwich Islands. It was the first time that His Majesty had 
visited Europe, and he naturally wished to visit the land which 
first made known to the world the islands of the Pacific. " Having 
once visited the Sandwich Islands," said the Lord Mayor, " I was 
charmed not only with the beauty of the scenery and the fertility 
of the soil, but with the good order which everywhere prevailed. 
His Majesty reigns over a very prosperous and a very happy people." 

The toast being duly honoured, the King of the Sandwich 
Islands expressed his high sense of the graciousness of the Queen, 
the Prince of Wales, and the other Eoyal and distinguished persons 
he had met, and would carry back to his country the most grateful 
and pleasant recollections of his visit. 

The Lord Mayor next gave " The health of the Prince of Wales, 
the Princess of Wales, and the other members of the Royal Family." 
In response to the toast, the Prince arose amidst great cheering, 
and said : 

P 2 


" My Lord Mayor, your Majesty, my Lords and Gentlemen, 
For the kind and remarkably flattering way in which you, my 
Lord Mayor, have been good enough to propose this toast, and 
you, my lords and gentlemen, for the kind and hearty way in 
which you have received it, I beg to offer you my most sincere 
thanks. It is a peculiar pleasure to me to come to the City, 
because I have the honour of being one of its freemen. But this 
is, indeed, a very special dinner, one of a kind that I do not 
suppose has ever been given before ; for we have here this 
evening representatives of probably every Colony in the Empire. 
We have not only the Secretary of the Colonies, but Governors 
past and present, ministers, administrators, and agents, are all, 
I think, to be found here this evening, I regret that it has not 
been possible for me to see half or one-third of the colonies 
which it has been the good fortune of my brother the Duke of 
Edinburgh to visit. In his voyages round the world he has had 
opportunities more than once of seeing all our great colonies. 
Though I have not been able personally to see them, or only a 
small portion of them, you may rest assured it does not diminish 
in any way the interest I take in them. 

" It is, I am sorry to say, now going on for twenty-one years 
since I visited our large North American colonies. Still, though 
I was very young at the time, the remembrance of that visit is 
as deeply imprinted on my memory now as it was at that time. 
I shall never forget the public receptions which were accorded 
to me in Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince 
Edward Island, and if it were possible for me at any time to 
repeat that visit, I need not tell you, gentlemen, who now re- 
present here those great North American colonies, of the great 
pleasure it would give me to do so. It affords me great gratifi- 
cation to see an old friend, Sir John Macdonald, the Premier of 
Canada, here this evening. 

" It was a most pressing invitation, certainly, that I received 
two years ago to visit the great Australasian Colonies, and 
though at the time I -was unable to give an answer, in the 
affirmative or in the negative, still it soon became apparent that 
my many duties here in England would prevent my accomplish- 
ing what would have been a long, though a most interesting 
voyage. I regret that such has been the case, and that I was 


not able to accept the kind invitation I received to visit the 
Exhibitions at Sydney and at Melbourne. I am glad, however, 
to know that they have proved a great success, as has been 
testified to me only this evening by the noble Duke (Manchester) 
by my side, who has so lately returned. Though, my lords 
and gentlemen, I have, as I have said before, not had the 
opportunity of seeing these great Australasian Colonies, which 
every day and every year are making such immense develop- 
ment, still, at the International Exhibitions of London, Paris, 
and Vienna, I had not only an opportunity of seeing their 
various products there exhibited, but I had the pleasure of 
making the personal acquaintance of many colonists a fact 
which has been a matter of great importance and great benefit 
to myself. 

" It is now thirty years since the first International Exhibition 
took place in London, and then for the first time colonial ex- 
hibits were shown to the world. Since that time, from the 
Exhibitions which have followed our first great gathering in 
1851, the improvements that have been made are manifest. 
That in itself is a clear proof of the way in which the colonies 
have been exerting themselves to make their vast territories of 
the great importance that they are at the present moment. 
But though, my Lord Mayor, I have not been to Australasia, 
as you have mentioned, I have sent my two sons on a visit 
there ; and it has been a matter of great gratification, not only 
to myself and to the Princess, but to the Queen, to hear of the 
kindly reception they have met with everywhere. They are 
but young, but I feel confident that their visit to the Antipodes 
will do them an incalculable amount of good. On their way 
out they visited a colony in which, unfortunately, the condition 
of affairs was not quite as satisfactory as we could wish, and as 
a consequence they did not extend their visits in that part of 
South Africa quite so far inland as might otherwise have been 
the case. I must thank you once more, my Lord Mayor, for 
the kind way in which you have proposed this toast. 

" I thank you, in the name of the Princess and the other 
members of the Eoyal Family, for the kind reception their 
names have met with from all here to-night, and I beg again to 
assure you most cordially and heartily of the great pleasure it 


has given me to be present here among so many distinguished 
colonists and gentlemen connected with the colonies, and to 
have had an opportunity of meeting your distinguished guest, 
the King of the Sandwich Islands. If your lordship's visit to 
his dominions remains impressed on your mind, I think your 
lordship's kindly reception of His Majesty here to-night is not 
likely soon to be forgotten by him." 

The Duke of Manchester, in responding to the toast of " The 
House of Lords," said that he took much less part in the proceed- 
ings of that august body than many of its members. He had, 

the reason why he was called upon to respond to that toast. 
Having given some remarkable statistics of progress in Australia, 
he said, " It was calculated that Australians and New Zealanders, per 
head, man, woman, and child, consumed 8 lOs.-worth of Briti.^h 
goods, while France only rated at 7s. Sd. per head, and the United 
States at 7s. per head. These were facts showing that, if for no 
other reason, there were very forcible financial reasons why we 
should consolidate, encourage, and promote in every way the 
prosperity of the British Colonies." 

The Speaker, in returning thanks on behalf of the House of 
Commons, said he was one of those who had a great faith in the future 
of the English people throughout the world. Wherever English- 
men set their foot they grew and prospered ; they bad learnt the 
habit of self-government, and were well acquainted with the forms 
of government, and they carried with them English customs, 
English habits, English institutions. Thus we bad a great Colonial 
Empire firmly compacted together of colonists from the old country, 
all loyal subjects of the Crown. He trusted and believed that that 
state of things would long continue, and he hoped that the bonds 
between those colonies and the mother country would become 
closer and closer from generation to generation. 

The Lord Mayor then proposed tbe toast of the evening, " The 
British Colonies," to which the Earl of Kimberley replied, con- 
cluding with these words : " This is a representative assembly, 
and one of tbe most remarkable ever gathered together in this 
Metropolis. I congratulate you, my Lord Mayor, on tbe happy 
notion of bringing together this assembly, which must have an 
equally happy effect in promoting good feeling both here and in 
tbe Colonies, inasmuch as it is a type of the union which ought to 
bind us together." 

The Prince of "Wales then proposed the Lord Mayor's health 
in a brief speech, in the course of which he said that it must 
be especially gratifying to his lordship to preside at such a 
dinner, seeing that he was well acquainted with the colonies, 


being a colonial merchant of high repute, and having visited, if 
not all, at any rate most of our great colonies. 

The Lord Mayor briefly acknowledged the compliment, and said 
this meeting was one of the most gratifying incidents of his year 
of office. 

July 18th, 1881. 

OF many movements originated by the late Prince Consort, and 
carried forward by the Prince of Wales, the advancement of 
technical education is one of the highest national importance. 
Without going into past history, it is sufficient to say that of late 
years some of the Guilds of the City of London have been awakened 
to a sense of their duties in training artisans, for which purpose 
they were at first mainly founded. The Corporation of London, 
has aided the movement, but in a more limited way. At first the 
efforts were directed to the encouragement of technical education 
in existing schools and colleges by pecuniary grants. But subse- 
quently the Institute has been enabled to establish schools of its 
own, and to assist in development of technical instruction, not in 
London only, but in many large provincial towns. 

The Institute had been incorporated in 1880, and in May of that 
year the late Duke of Albany laid the foundation stone of the 
Finsbury Technical College, the first building in the Metropolis 
exclusively devoted to this practical training. In Lambeth and 
other districts similar schools have been instituted ; but it was 
thought advisable to found a Central Institute for systematic 
teaching the practical applications of science and art to the trades 
and industries of the country. Hitherto the training of artisans 
has been mainly dependent on the customs of apprenticeship in 
the various handicrafts ; upwards of twenty of the City Companies, 
including nine out of the twelve greater Guilds, had subscribed 
largely, and had entered the associated Institute, when the Prince 
of Wales was invited to become the President. By the influence 
of the Prince, as President of the Koyal Commissioners of 1851, a 
site for the proposed central College was granted at a nominal rent, 
on the estate at South Kensington. To lay the foundation stone 
of this building, the Prince, accompanied by the Princess of Wales, 
came on the 18th of July, 1881. 

An address having been delivered by the Lord Chancellor, Lord 
Selborne, Chairman of the Committee of the Institute, the Prince 
of Wales delivered the following speech, which more clearly pre- 
sents the whole subject, and brings out its national importance : 


" My Lord Chancellor, my Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, I 
thank you for your address, and beg leave to assure you that it 
gives me much satisfaction to attend here to-day to lay the 
foundation stone of an institution which gives such forcible 
expression to one of the most important needs in the education 
of persons who are destined to take part in the productive 
history of this country. 

"Hitherto English teaching has chiefly relied on training the 
intellectual faculties, so as to adapt men to apply their 
intelligence in any occupation of life to which they may be 
called ; and this general discipline of the mind has on the whole 
been found sufficient until recent times; but during the last 
thirty years the competition of other nations, even in manu- 
factures which once were exclusively carried on in this kingdom, 
has been very severe. The great progress that has been made 
in the means of locomotion as well as in the application of 
steam for the purposes of life has distributed the raw materials 
of industry all over the world, aod has economized time and 
labour in their conversion to objects of utility. Other nations 
which did not possess in such abundance as Great Britain coal, 
the source of power, and iron, the essence of strength, com- 
pensated for the want of raw material by the technical education 
of their industrial classes, and this country has, therefore, seen 
manufactures springing up everywhere, guided by the trained 
intelligence thus created. Both in Europe and in America 
technical colleges for teaching, not the practice, but the 
principles of science and art involved in particular industries, 
had been organized in all the leading centres of industry. 

" England is now thoroughly aware of the necessity for 
supplementing her educational institutions by colleges of a like 
nature. Most of our great manufacturing towns have either 
started or have already erected their colleges of science and art. 
In only a few instances, however, have they become developed 
into schools for systematic technical instruction. This building, 
which is to be erected by the City and Guilds of London, will 
be of considerable benefit to the whole kingdom, not only as an 
example of the institute devoting itself to technical training, 
but as a focus likewise for uniting the different technical 
schools in the Metropolis already in existence, and a central 


establishment also to which promising students from the 
provinces may, by the aid of scholarships, he brought to benefit 
by the superior instruction which London can command. 
While studying at your institution, they will have the further 
advantages that the treasures of the South Kensington Museum 
and the numerous collections in the City may bring to bear 
on the artistic and scientific education of future manu- 

" Let me remind you that the realization of this idea was one 
of the most cherished objects which my lamented father had in 
view. After the Exhibition of 1851, he recognized the need 
of technical education in the future, and he foresaw how 
difficult it would be in London to find space for such museums 
and colleges as those which now surround the spot on which we 
stand. It is, therefore, to me a peculiar pleasure that the 
Commissioners of the Exhibition, of which I am the President, 
have been able to contribute to your present important under- 
taking, by giving to you the ground upon which the present 
college is to be erected, with a sufficient reserve of land to insure 
its future development. 

"Allow me, in conclusion, to express the great satisfaction 
which I experience in seeing the ancient guilds of the City of 
London so warmly co-operating in the advancement of technical 
instruction. I am aware that several of them have for some 
time past in various ways separately encouraged the study 
of science and art in the Metropolis, as well as in the provinces ; 
and it is a noble effort on their part when they join together 
to establish a united institute with the view of making still 
greater and more systematic endeavours for the promotion of 
this branch of special education. By consenting at your 
request to become the President of this Institute I hope it may 
be in my power to benefit the good work, and that our joint 
exertions, aided, I trust, by the continued liberality of the City 
and Guilds of London, may prove to be an example to the rest 
of the country to train the intelligence of industrial com- 
munities, so that, with the increasing competition of the world, 
England may retain her proud pre-eminence as a manufacturing 

After this address, the ceremony of laying the foundation stone 


was completed. A medal to commemorate the event had previously 
been struck at the Eoyal Mint. 

It is stated in the Times of October 20th, 1888, that " in the 
last ten years several of the Companies, in conjunction with the 
City Corporation, have together given something like a quarter of 
a million to the City Guilds of London Institute the amount 
including gifts of 46,000 from the Goldsmiths, of 43,000 from 
the Drapers, of 37,000 from the Clothworkers, of 34,000 from the 
Fishmongers, of 22,000 from the Mercers, of 10,000 from the 
Grocers, and of 11,000 from the City Corporation. Besides this, to 
mention the more salient examples, the Drapers have given some 
60,000 to the People's Palace, the Goldsmiths have promised an 
annuity of 2,500, equivalent to a capital sum of 85,000, to the 
New Cross Technical Institute, the Mercers propose to devote 
60,000 to the establishment of an agricultural college in Wiltshire, 
and the Shipwrights' Company is taking the lead in a movement 
for the formation of a college of shipbuilding in connection with a 
Technical Institute at the East-end." 

Besides all this, the people of South London are preparing to 
establish three Technical Institutes, with the help of the Charity 
Commissioners ; and, if possible, to secure the Albert Palace for 
a Battersea Institute. A similar movement has begun in North 
London. These local Technical Schools are independent of the 
City Guilds of London Institute at Kensington, but the impulse 
was given by its establishment. 

August 3rd, 1881. 

THE seventh meeting of the International Medical Congress was 
formally opened by the Prince of Wales, on the 3rd of August, 
1881. It was the first time the Congress had been held in 
England. The great room of St. James's Hall was nearly filled, 
3000 members being present. No lady practitioners were admitted, 
although at least 25 women, practising medicine, were then on the 
English Medical Eegister, and a protest against the decision of the 
Council had been signed by 43 duly qualified medical women. At 
previous meetings of the Congress in foreign countries women 
were not excluded. 

The Prince of Wales, on his arrival, was received by Sir W. 
Jenner, Sir William Gull, Sir James Paget, Sir J. Eisdon Bennett, 
and other members of the Committee. The Honorary Secretary- 
having read the report of the Executive Committee, the Prince of 
Wales, who was accompanied by the Crown Prince of Prussia, the 
late Emperor " Frederick the Noble," rose and said : 


" Your Imperial Highness and Gentlemen, I gladly com- 
plied with the request that I should be patron of the Interna- 
tional Medical Congress of 1881, and among many reasons for 
so doing was my conviction that few things can tend more to 
the welfare of mankind than that educated men of all nations 
should from time to time meet together for the promotion of 
the branches of knowledge to which they devote themselves. 
The intercourse and the mutual esteem of nations have often 
been advanced by great international exhibitions, and I look 
back with pleasure to those with which I have been connected ; 
but when conferences are held among those who in all parts of 
the world apply themselves to the study of science, even greater 
international benefits may, I think, be confidently anticipated, 
more especially in the study of medicine and surgery, for in 
these the effects of climate and of national habits must give to 
the practitioners of each nation opportunities, not only of ac- 
quiring knowledge, but of imparting knowledge to those of 
their confreres whom they meet in Congress. 

" I venture to think, gentlemen, that the Executive Committee 
have acted wisely in instituting sections for the discussion of a 
very wide range of subjects, including not only the sciences on 
which medical knowledge is founded, but many of its most 
practical applications, and I am very happy to see that so great 
scope will be granted for the discussion of important questions 
relating to the public health, to the cure of the sick in hospi- 
tals and in the houses of the poor, and to the welfare of the 
Army and Navy. The devotion with which many members of 
the medical profession readily share the dangers of climate and 
the fatigues and dangers of war, and the many risks which must 
be encountered in the study of means, not only for the remedy, 
but for the prevention of disease, deserves the warmest acknow- 
ledgment from the public. 

" I have great satisfaction in believing, in seeing this crowded 
hall, that I may already regard the Congress as successful in 
having attracted a number never hitherto equalled of medical 
men from all parts of this kingdom, as well as from every 
country in Europe, from the United States, and from other parts 
of the world. The list of officers of the Congress, including as 
it does the names of those distinguished in every branch of 


medical science, shows how heartily the proposal to hold the 
meeting in London has been received. I think it speaks well 
for the good feeling of the profession that there should have 
been so warm a response to the invitations. How cordially the 
proposal has been received may be seen not only in the large 
number of visitors, but in the fact that they include a large 
proportion of those who enjoy a high reputation not only in 
their own countries, but throughout the world. I sincerely 
congratulate the reception committee on this good promise of 
complete success, and I trust that at the close of the Congress 
they will feel rewarded for the labour they have bestowed upon 
it. The report which the secretary -general, Mr. MacCormack, 
has read will have explained how great have been his labours. 
He will hereafter be well repaid, and I am sure Mr. MacCor- 
mack is sensible that he will be recompensed even for his great 
exertions by the assurance that the progress of the important 
science of medicine has been materially promoted, for any 
addition to the knowledge of medicine must always be followed 
by an increase in the happiness of mankind." 

There was general cheering at the close of the speech, and Sir 
James Paget, as President of the Congress, then read the inaugural 
address ; after which the meeting resolved itself into sections for 
special subjects. Professor Virchow, of Berlin, delivered an address 
in German at one of the sections. 

December 13th, 1881. 

IN the ancient Chapter-house, Westminster Abbey, a meeting was 
held on the 13th of December, 1881, for promoting a scheme for 
raising a fitting memorial to the lamented Dean Stanley. The 
Very Rev. Dr. Bradley, the new Dean, presided, and was supported 
by the Prince of Wales, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Marquis 
of Salisbury, Earl Granville, the Duke of Westminster, and many 
eminent persons in Church and State. There were also some ladies, 
and the representatives of Working Men's Clubs and Institutes, 
the purpose being to honour the memory of Dean Stanley, not 
merely as a high ecclesiastic, but as the helper of many good and 
beneficent objects in social life. The proposed tribute was to 
take the form first of a monumental memorial in the Abbey to the 


Dean, and also to his wife, Lady Augusta Stanley, and to establish 
a Home for Training Nurses at Westminster, an object in which 
Lady Augusta had taken deep interest. The present meeting, 
however, was only to set on foot the movement, and the first reso- 
lation was: "That the genius, the character, and the public 
services of the late Dean of Westminster eminently entitle him to 
a national memorial." This was moved by the Prince of Wales, 
who said : 

"Mr. Dean, my Lords, and Gentlemen, In proposing the 
first resolution, which has been committed to my care, I desire 
to express the very sincere pleasure, though I must call it the 
sad pleasure, which I feel in being asked to move this resolution. 
I do so with feelings of sorrow, owing to the long friendship 
and acquaintance which I had with the late Dean of West- 
minster; and yet with pleasure, as I have the satisfaction of 
proposing to you a national memorial to which I am convinced 
the late Dean was so thoroughly entitled. The loss which the 
death of that eminent man has caused to this, and, I may say 
also, to other countries, is indeed great. That loss was deeply 
felt by my beloved mother the Queen, who bore for the late 
Dean the greatest possible friendship and affection, and also by 
all the members of her family. 

" If I may be allowed to speak about myself, I had the great 
advantage of knowing most intimately Arthur Stanley for a 
period of twenty-two years. Not only had I the advantage of 
being his pupil during my residence at the University of Oxford, 
but I was also his fellow-traveller in the East when we visited 
Egypt and the Holy Land together ; and I am not likely to 
forget the charm of his companionship and all the knowledge 
that he imparted to me during that tour. The many virtues 
and many great qualities of the Dean are so well known to all 
of you, and are so well appreciated throughout the length and 
breadth of the land, that it is almost superfluous in me, and 
would be almost out of taste, were I now to go through the long 
list of all that he has done from the day in which his name 
came into prominence. Still, as the churchman, as the scholar, 
as the man of letters, as the philanthropist, and, above all, as 
the true friend, his name must always go down to posterity as 
a great and good man, and as one who will have made his mark 
on the chapter of his country's history. To all classes he felt 


alike to rich and poor, to high and low he was, I may say, 
the friend of all ; and it is most gratifying on this occasion to 
see here present the representatives of all classes of the com- 
munity, and especially of the great labouring class to whom he 
was so devoted, and who, I think, owe him so much. 

" It is also deeply gratifying, I am sure, to the Dean and those 
who take a deep interest in this meeting that we have the 
advantage of the presence to-day of the Minister of the United 
States. As I was saying, not only was the late Dean appreci- 
ated and looked up to in this country and in Europe, but also 
by that kindred country across the Atlantic to which he so 
lately paid a visit, and where we know that he received so much 
kindness and hospitality. I heard from his own lips on his 
return from America the expression of the great gratification he 
derived from his visit, and of the hope of what, alas ! was not 
to be that he might on some future occasion be able to 
repeat it. 

" There is much more that I should wish to say in regard to 
one whom I so deeply deplore, and to whom I bore so great an 
affection. But I am sure it is not the object of this meeting to 
make long speeches, and as many speakers have to follow me, 
I will only again express the gratification I feel in being here 
to propose the resolution which I now have the honour of 
bringing before you." 

The resolution was seconded by Earl Granville. The Hon. 
J. Kussell Lowell bore testimony to the honour in which the 
memory of Dean Stanley was held in America, and said he felt 
sure that many of his countrymen would be delighted, as some 
already had done, to share the privilege of helping this memorial. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. Tait) moved the next 
resolution, as to the placing of the recumbent statue in the 
Abbey, and also completing the windows in the Chapter-house, in 
accordance with plans proposed and partly executed by the Dean. 
After speeches by the Marquis of Salisbury, Mr. S. Morley, M.P., 
the Marquis of Lome, and Lord Chief Justice Coleridge, Mr. Gar- 
diner, representing the Working Men's Club and Institute Union, 
spoke of the constant efforts of the late Dean to help and elevate 
the classes who lived by manual labour. He was President of 
their Union, and he was honoured by the working men of West- 
minster and London. 

( 223 ) 


March 1st, 1882. 

THE 21st anniversary dinner of the Civil Service Volunteers, on 
the 1st of March, 1882, at Willis's Booms, was presided over by 
the Prince of Wales, honorary Colonel of the Corps. In replying 
to the toast of his health, proposed by the Duke of Manchester, the 
Prince said : 

"My Lords and Gentlemen and Brother Volunteers, For 
the kind manner in which the Duke of Manchester has proposed 
this toast, and for the cordial welcome given to it by you, 
gentlemen and brother Volunteers, allow me to return you my 
most sincere thanks. I can assure you that it affords me great 
satisfaction to preside here to-night on what I may call the 
twenty-second anniversary of the existence of this regiment. 
The twenty-first anniversary of the Bine Volunteers was cele- 
brated last year, and it will, I am sure, not be forgotten through 
the length and breadth of the land that the Queen reviewed the 
English Volunteers in Windsor Park in the summer, and the 
Scotch Volunteers afterwards at Edinburgh. 

" I remember, gentlemen, as though it were only yesterday, 
when I was an undergraduate at the University of Oxford in 
1859, the commencement of the Volunteer movement. I re- 
member the interest which all the townspeople of Oxford took 
in that movement, and also the interest it excited among the 
undergraduates. I confess I thought at that time, and many 
others shared my opinion, that to a certain extent the com- 
mencement of that movement was an inclination on the part 
of the citizens of our country to play at soldiers. Many thought 
that the movement would not last. However, I am glad to 
find, as you all will have been equally glad to find, that we 
were entirely mistaken in that opinion. Twenty-two years ago, 
when, I may say, the movement had begun to ripen, I am not 
wrong, I think, in stating that the number of Volunteers was 
very nearly 100,000 men. The force has since gone through 
certain vicissitudes, but I think I may say that at the present 
moment it never was in a more flourishing condition, and it 
now numbers not far short of 200,000 men. Most sincerely do 


I hope that the occasion may not arise when their services 
might be required for the defence of their country, but I feel 
convinced that, should that occasion ever arise, the Bine Volun- 
teers of the United Kingdom will go to the front and stand to 
their guns in every sense of the word. 

" One great inducement to join the force has been, I think, the 
Wimbledon camp and rifle shooting, and I feel convinced that 
in no country are there better rifle shots than in this, and few 
better than in the Volunteer force. No doubt a great stimulus 
has been given to that force by their being called on to take 
part in manoeuvres, reviews, and sham fights, and of late years 
from their being frequently brigaded with regular troops. I 
am sure there is nothing they like better, and I am sure that 
for the Eegular Army, as well as for the Militia, it is most 
desirable this should continue. 

" With regard to this regiment with which my name has been 
now associated for twenty-two years, I can only say that from 
all the accounts I have heard it is in a high state of efficiency. 
Since the time of their formation in 1860, 2177 men have 
passed through their ranks, and last year the regiment had a 
strength of 518 men. Nearly all their officers, I believe, have 
passed through the school, and attained the distinction of the 
letter P in the Army List a distinction of which I know they 
are justly proud. I had an opportunity of reviewing them in 
1863 in London, and again at Wimbledon in 1870 ; I saw them 
at the Eeview at Windsor last year, and I sincerely hope, if it 
may not be inconvenient to those members of the corps who 
have so many avocations, to see them before many weeks are 
over at the Keview at Portsmouth. 

" Gentlemen, let me thank you also for the kind way in which 
you have received the name of the Princess of Wales and the 
names of my brothers and my sons. I am happy to be able 
to announce to you that I received a telegram just before dinner 
informing me of the arrival of the Bacchante at Suez. My 
sons are now, therefore, rapidly approaching the termination of 
their cruise, which has been round the world. I thank you 
once more for your kind reception of me to-night, and it affords 
me the greatest pleasure now to propose the toast of ' Prosperity 
to the Civil Service Eifle Volunteers,' coupled with the name of 


your Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Bury. I know that in 
his presence it would be disagreeable to him if I were to mete 
out any praise which I feel is his due, but I know how much 
he has at heart the prosperity and the efficiency of his regiment, 
and, being now the oldest serving Lieutenant-Colonel in the 
Volunteer force, that you would all deeply regret the day when 
he should leave you. I call upon you, and upon the dis- 
tinguished guests here to-night, to drink prosperity to the 
regiment, and couple the toast with the name of Lord Bury." 

Viscount Bury, in responding to the toast, said that 'in looking 
at the first list of the officers of the regiment, he found only three 
names of those now in active service, those of His Royal Highness, 
of himself, and Major Mills. About 350 members of the corps sat 
down to dinner on this, its 21st anniversary. The Duke of 
Portland, Lord Elcho, now the Earl of Wemyss, Colonel Loyd- 
Lindsay, Colonel Grenfell, Governor of the Bank of England, 
Colonel Du Plat Taylor, and many veterans of the Force, were 

March 10 to, 1883. 

ATTENTION had from time to time been directed, by reports of 
travellers and others, to the neglected state of the burial-places in 
the Crimea, and the ruinous condition of monumental memorials 
over the graves. An allowance of 90 a year had been made by 
the Government for maintaining the different cemeteries, but this 
was utterly insufficient for the purpose. The Consul-General at 
Odessa had recently reported that there were at least eleven 
graveyards or cemeteries scattered between Balaclava and 
Sebastopol, and there were many others in different places where 
the dead had been laid. The scandal of neglect was so great that 
the Duke of Cambridge called a meeting at the United Service 
Institution, Whitehall, to consider what ought to be done. A 
large number of distinguished men, including many of those who 
had passed through the Crimean War, responded to the invitation, 
and letters were received from others throughout the country 
who were unable to be present. 

The Duke of Cambridge made a clear statement of the condition 
of affairs, and mentioned various suggestions for putting a stop to 
the desecration of the burial-places, and for preserving the 
memorials from further injury. The Prince of Wales had come to 



the meeting, and as he had seen the places referred to, during 
his Eastern travels, he was asked by the Chairman to move the 
first resolution, which was to the effect that immediate steps should 
be taken to remedy the existing state of the Crimean graves. 
The Prince, who was warmly received, rose, and said : 

" Your Eoyal Highness, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I was 
not aware until I arrived in this room that I should be called 
upon to move the first resolution. But I need hardly tell you 
the great interest the subject we are discussing here to-day has 
for me, and the great pleasure it gives me to propose the 
following resolution : ' That the present condition of the 
British cemeteries in the Crimea is not creditable to this 
country, and that endeavours should be made to raise the 
necessary funds to have them restored, and to preserve them 
from further desecration.' In 1869 I had occasion to visit the 
Crimea, and to go over all those spots so familiar to most of 
the gentlemen I see opposite me, who took a part in the 
campaign. And it was a matter of particular interest to me to 
visit those different spots where our brave soldiers were buried. 
I confess that it was with deep regret that I saw the manner in 
which the tombs were kept. The condition of the graves was 
not creditable to us, and not creditable to a great country like 
ours, for I am sure we are the very first to do honour to the 
dead who fought in the name of their country. 

" It struck me at the time that one of the great faults lay in 
there being so many different cemeteries. The French had a 
much simpler and a better system that which they call the 
ossuaire. I was told at the time that to the feelings of English- 
men on religious, and possibly, I may also say, on sentimental 
grounds it was repugnant to disturb the remains of those who 
were interred in the Crimea as was done by the French, and 
that to collect them and put them into one large building was 
not what was consonant with our feelings generally. But I 
cannot help thinking, as considerable time has elapsed since our 
comrades fell, and also as we are, in every sense of the word, a 
thoroughly practical nation I feel myself strongly, although I 
cannot say how far that feeling may be shared by the meeting 
to-day that it would be far better, and in the long run far 
cheaper, if we were to build a kind of mausoleum, collecting 
the remains of our comrades who fell in the Crimean War, and 


putting them into such a mausoleum. It was really sad to see 
the neglected condition of the tombs. There was one especially 
with which I was struck that of Sir Eobert Newman, who was 
in the Grenadier Guards, and fell in the Battle of Inkerman. 
His tomb was a most elaborate and expensive one, and was 
built with a dark stone, a kind of porphyry. This was broken 
almost entirely to pieces. Upon inquiry of some Eussian 
authorities who accompanied me on that occasion, I discovered 
a curious fact. The idea was not merely that of disturbing and 
breaking open the tombs ; but, as most of you are aware, the 
Grim Tartars who are Mahomedans by religion had an idea 
that treasures were to be found in the tombs. Therefore, the 
disturbing of them was not merely for the sake of disturbing 
the dead, but with the hope of finding some treasures there. It 
is needless to say that their investigations were not satisfied in 
that respect. 

" Of course, gentlemen, with regard to the pecuniary part of 
the question, it is not for me to go into that ; but I hope that, 
as so many distinguished military and naval men are present, 
they cannot but have a strong feeling with me that it will ever 
be a living disgrace to us unless we adopt some means to-day by 
which the tombs of our comrades who fell in the Crimea are 
kept in a proper state of preservation. I have merely suggested 
the idea of an ossuaire, because it seems to me the simplest form 
to adopt. But it would involve, what many object to, disturb- 
ing the remains of some who fell. I only hope that before the 
meeting separates to-day we may have arrived at some satis- 
factory conclusion that the graves of our comrades shall in 
some way be respected and maintained in a manner creditable 
to ourselves and to our country. Therefore, it is with the 
greatest pleasure that I move the first resolution." 

The resolution was seconded by General Sir W. Codrington, 
who said that the Russian Government had given additional land 
at Cathcart's Hill; and that the grave- stones and other memorials 
should be removed there. He did not think there should be any 
removal of the remains of the dead. 

The Prince of Wales again rose, and said 

" I wish to add that when I went over the different places of 
interest in the Crimea, and inspected all our burial-places, I 
was accompanied by one of the most courteous gentlemen, 

Q 2 


General Kotzebue, the Governor-General of Odessa ; and I need 
only say that, as far as the Eussian Government represented by 
him was concerned, everything was done to keep the graves 
from desecration. But he told me that, unfortunately, they 
were powerless to prevent it ; and it was his opinion, and he 
strongly advised me, that the only way in which to prevent a 
repetition of a desecration of the tombs would be, as I mentioned 
before, to collect the remains and place them in a mausoleum 
in the same way, in fact, as the French had done. I wish also 
to say that, on my return in the summer from my visit to the 
Crimea, I brought the whole matter most strongly before the 
kte Lord Clarendon, who was then Secretary of State for 
Foreign Affairs." 

After conversation and remarks by Admiral Sir H. Keppel, 
General Sir L. A. Simmons, Lord Wolseley, and others, resolutions 
were carried for the concentration of the memorials in one central 
place, without removing the remains of the dead ; and for apply- 
ing to the Government and to the nation for larger funds to pay 
additional guardians of the cemeteries. The Duke of Cambridge 
was warmly commended for having called the meeting, which was 
justified by the large attendance, and the Prince of Wales for his 
advocacy of the object in view. The interest of their Koyal 
Highnesses was practically attested by the gift of 50 from the 
Prince of Wales and 25 from the Duke of Cambridge toward the 
necessary funds. It was stated in the course of the proceedings 
that the French Government granted yearly more than double 
what the British Government did, for protecting the Crimean 



IN the preface to the Official Catalogue of the International 
Fisheries Exhibition, the compiler, Mr. Trendell, gives an in- 
teresting account of the origin and gradual development of that 
successful undertaking. It was not till some years after the great 
Exhibition of 1851 that attention was given to this special depart- 
ment of industry and commerce. At Boulogne, Havre, and other 
maritime places, there were local expositions ; but the first inter- 
national exhibition on a large scale was that of Berlin in 1880. 
Norwich was the first town in England to follow the Continental 
example. The local character of the undertaking soon expanded 
into a national enterprise, the Corporation of London and the 


Fishmongers' Company lending their influence. Chiefly through 
the agency of Mr. Birkbeck, one of the Norfolk County members, 
the official sanction of the Government was obtained, with per- 
mission to grant medals and diplomas of merit, as in other national 
exhibitions. The Prince of Wales took a lively interest in the 
success of this Norwich project, and he secured the co-operation of 
Mr. Birkbeck for holding an International Exhibition in London. 

In July 1881 a meeting was held at the Hall of the Fish- 
mongers' Company, when a formal resolution was passed for 
carrying out the proposal, and a Committee formed for arranging 
the general plan of the Exhibition. In February 1882 a second 
meeting was held at Willis's Eooms, when the Duke of Eichmond 
read the report of the proceedings of the Committee formed in the 
previous year. The sanction of the Queen was obtained as Patron, 
and the Prince of Wales as President, the Duke of Edinburgh and 
the other Boyal Dukes being named Vice-Presidents, with the 
Duke of Eichmond as Chairman of the General Committee. The 
sentiments and motives of the promoters of the undertaking were 
well expressed in words spoken by the Prince of Wales at the 
inaugural banquet at Norwich. He said : 

" It is particularly gratifying to see that at last an interest is 
being taken not only in our fisheries, but in our fishermen, 
whose lives are so frequently exposed to risk through the 
severity of weather and the dangerous character of the Eastern 
coast. Among a very interesting display of specimens, I 
especially observed the apparatus for saving life, and a variety 
of models of lifeboats, which cannot fail to bring before the 
public generally their duty in regard to the protection of the 
fishing interests of our country. Whilst thinking over the 
probable results that may attend this Exhibition, I could not 
fail to reflect upon the labour it has cost more minds than one ; 
and I do trust, having regard to the importance of our national 
fishing interest, and the value of our fishermen's lives, that a 
sort of National Society may be instituted which will maintain 
those who are unfortunately in want, and help to assuage the 
grief and misery of the widows and orphans of those who perish 
at sea. I believe it is only necessary to throw out the hint to 
see established in this country a National Fishermen's Aid 
Society, which shall command the support not only of those 
living upon the line of our fishing coast here, but of all con- 
cerned in fishery throughout our dominions." 

It thus appears that at the time of the Norwich Exhibition, and 
much more after the greater show at South Kensington, the Prince 


of Wales had in view the welfare of the fishing folk as well as the 
benefit of the fisheries. What is an exhibition with its display 
of exhibits, its prizes, awards, conferences, and its whole visible 
organisation compared with the safety of our fishermen's lives, 
and the improvement of their homes ? For some departments of 
this beneficent work there are special agencies at work such as 
the Lifeboat Association, the Deep-Sea Mission, Sailors' Homes, 
and Seamen's Hospitals but the idea of the Prince was that a 
great central society, analogous to the Royal Agricultural Society 
for the cultivation of the soil, might be established, attending to 
all matters bearing on the social and moral, as well as the 
material, benefits of the fishing population of these islands. It is 
said that the Government has resolved tardily to have a Depart- 
ment of Agriculture ; it is equally needful to have a Department 
for all matters connected with the " harvests of the sea." 

May 12th, 1883. 

THE International Fisheries Exhibition was opened with great 
ceremony on the 12th of May, 1883, by the Prince of Wales, " by 
command of Her Majesty, and on Her Majesty's behalf." Most of 
the members of the Eoyal Family were present, the Foreign 
Ambassadors and Ministers, Her Majesty's Ministers, and other 
distinguished persons. The Prince was accompanied by the 
Princess of Wales, Prince Albert Victor, and Prince George of 
Wales. The Duke of Kichmond, Chairman of the General Com- 
mittee, having read a statement of the object and the contents of 
the Exhibition, the Prince replied : 

"My Lord Duke, my Lords, and Gentlemen, It gives me 
great pleasure to open this International Fisheries Exhibition 
on behalf of the Queen, although I feel assured that it is a 
matter of sincere regret to all present that Her Majesty finds 
herself unable to undertake a duty which it would have 
afforded her much gratification to have performed. In view of 
the rapid increase of the population in all civilized countries, 
and especially in these sea-girt kingdoms, a profound interest 
attaches to every industry which affects the supply of food; 
and, in this respect, the harvest of the sea is hardly less 
important than that of the land. I share your hope that the 
Exhibition now about to open may afford the means of enabling 


practical fishermen to acquaint themselves with the latest 
improvements which have been made in their craft in all parts 
of the world ; so that without needless destruction, or avoidable 
waste of any kind, mankind may derive the fullest possible 
advantage from the bounty of the waters. I am glad to hear 
that your attention has been directed to the condition of the 
fishing population. It is a subject in which my brother, the 
Duke of Edinburgh, was led to take a particular interest 
during his tenure of office as Admiral Superintendent of the 
Naval Eeserve ; and, as he is compelled to be absent during the 
sittings of the Congress to which you allude, I shall have the 
pleasure of reading a paper on this topic which he has prepared 
at its first meeting. Lifeboats and life-saving apparatus un- 
doubtedly fall strictly within the province of a fishery exhibi- 
tion; but I may congratulate you on the circumstance that, 
without overstepping your proper limits, you have been able to 
confer a benefit, not only on all fishermen and all sailors by 
profession, but also on all who travel by sea ; and in these days 
of rapid and extensive locomotion this means a large proportion 
of civilized mankind. On behalf of the Queen, I add my 
thanks to those which you tender to the Governments of foreign 
nations and of our colonies for their generous co-operation. 
And to their representatives whose untiring exertions you so 
justly acknowledge, I offer not only thanks, but an English 

The Archbishop of Canterbury having offered a prayer, the 
Prince declared the Exhibition open. 

October 3lst, 1883. 

IF there ever had been any doubt as to the success of the Inter- 
national Fisheries Exhibition, it had been thoroughly removed 
long before the end of the season drew near. The popular interest 
had been shown from the beginning, and the number of visitors 
exceeded all expectations. The total number of visitors was 
2,703,051. The daily average of visitors, including Wednesday, 
when half-a-crown was the price of admission, was 18,388. The 


financial result was sure to be satisfactory when such vast numbers 
had been attracted. 

On the 31st of October, the day appointed for closing, Mr. 
Edward Birkbeck, M.P., Chairman of the Executive Committee, 
read to His Eoyal Highness the President an address, presenting 
the chief statistical and other official reports of the undertaking. 
One novel feature was the report on " the fish dinners " supplied 
with the co-operation of the National School of Cookery. No less 
than 209,673 dinners were supplied, at sixpence a head, and with 
satisfactory pecuniary results. 

A Eeport as to the work of the Juries having been presented by 
the Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince of Wales thus replied to the 
address of the Executive Committee : 

"I have listened with great pleasure to the Eeport of the 
Executive Committee. 

" Her Majesty has followed with, much interest the success 
which has so signally attended this Exhibition, and I have had 
the gratification of receiving, this morning, a telegram from the 
Queen, begging me to inform you of these sentiments, and 
likewise to express Her Majesty's fervent hope that lasting 
benefit to the fishing population may be the reward of those 
who have shown so much interest in the welfare of this Exhibi- 
tion. And it is as much a matter of satisfaction to my brothers 
as to myself to have contributed towards the success of an 
enterprise, respecting which, at the outset, nothing was certain 
but the heavy responsibility of those who had engaged in it. 

"I am well aware that Her Majesty's Government, the 
Governments of Foreign Countries, and of our Colonies, through 
their respective Commissioners, and the various public bodies 
and private persons to whom you have alluded, have afforded 
most valuable and indeed indispensable aid to our undertaking ; 
and I desire to add my own thanks to yours for their very 
important assistance. 

"But it is just that I should supply the only deficiency 
which I obseive in your Eeport, by pointing out that without 
the administrative capacity and unremitting toil of the Members 
of the Executive Committee, and especially of its Chairman, the 
eminently satisfactory results which you have reported to me 
could not have been attained. 

"I learn with much pleasure that, after all expenses are 
defrayed, a substantial surplus will remain in your hands. 


" The best method of disposing of that surplus is a matter 
which will need careful consideration. It would be premature 
to allude to any of the various suggestions which have already 
been put forward ; but I am of opinion that no proposal will be 
satisfactory to the public, unless it is immediately directed 
towards the carrying out of the objects of the Exhibition from 
which the fund is derived ; namely, the promotion of the welfare 
of Fishermen, Fisheries, and the Fishing Industry in general. 

" And I think our duty towards the supporters of the Exhibi- 
tion will not be discharged until we have done something 
towards the alleviation of the calamities fatally incidental to 
the Fisherman's calling; and until we have also done some- 
thing towards the promotion of that application of Science to 
practice from which the Fishing Industry, like all other 
industries, can alone look for improvement. 

"I believe, that apart from what may be effected by the 
judicious use of the Surplus Fund, the latter end may best be 
attained by the formation of a Society, having for its object the 
collection of statistics and other information relative to 
Fisheries; the diffusion among the fishing population of a 
knowledge of all improvements in the methods and appliances 
of their calling ; the discussion of questions bearing upon 
Fishing Interests; and the elucidation of those problems of 
Natural History which bear upon the subject. Such a Society, 
as the representative of the interests of the Fisheries, would 
naturally take charge of the scientific investigations which 
bear upon those interests, and would, no doubt, be brought into 
relation with the Aquarium which you wisely propose to offer 
to the Government, and with the already existing Fishery 
Museum of the Department of Science and Art, which is 
founded on the Collection bequeathed to the nation by the late 
Mr. Buckland, but which has been immensely enlarged and 
enriched by the liberality of many of our exhibitors. 

" You have rightly divined that it is a source of great gratifi- 
cation to me to be able to continue the work commenced by my 
father in 1851 ; and, by giving scope for the peaceful emulation 
of the leaders of industry of all nationalities in public Exhibi- 
tions, to divert the minds of men from those international 
rivalries by which all suffer, to those by which all gain. 


"The evidence of the public interest in such Exhibitions, 
afforded by the vast concourse of visitors from all parts of the 
realm to that which is now closed, has led me to hope that the 
buildings which have been erected at so much cost, and which 
have so admirably served their purpose, shall continue for the 
next three years to be employed for Exhibitions of a similarly 
comprehensive character. 

" In considering what shall be the subject-matter of these 
Exhibitions, three topics of paramount interest to our com- 
munity have presented themselves to my mind. These are 
Health, both bodily and mental; Industrial Inventions; and 
the rapidly-growing resources of our Colonies and of our Indian 

" I have expressed a desire that the Exhibition of 1884 will 
embrace the conditions of health, in so far as, like food, clothes, 
and dwellings, they fall under the head of Hygiene, or, like 
appliances for general and technical teaching, gymnasia and 
schools, under that of Education. 

"The question of the Patent Laws has for many years 
engaged the attention of all those interested in the progress of 
invention and the just reward of the inventor. I am advised 
that the Patent Act of last Session will afford a satisfactory 
solution of the difficulties which beset this subject, and will be 
especially useful to the poor inventor by enabling him to obtain 
protection for his invention at a considerably reduced rate, and 
in a manner which will be more advantageous to him. 

" Under these circumstances, it has appeared to me that much 
good may result from an Exhibition in the year 1885, showing 
the Progress of Invention, especially in labour-saving machinery, 
since 1862; that is to say, since the last great International 
Exhibition held in this country. 

"At the close of the Paris Exhibition of 1868, 1 had the 
satisfaction of receiving from the Colonial Commissioners an 
address, in which great stress was laid on the desirability of 
establishing a permanent Colonial Museum in London, as a 
powerful means of diffusing throughout the Mother Country a 
better knowledge of the nature and importance of the several 
Dependencies of the Empire, of facilitating commercial relations, 
marking progress, and aiding the researches of men of science, 


and also of affording valuable information to intending emi- 

" At that time I was able to do little more than to assure the 
Commissioners of my readiness to promote such a scheme, and 
to recommend the respective Governments to give it their full 

" I trust that the British Colonial Exhibition which I propose 
to hold in 1886, may result in the foundation of such a Museum 
the institution of which would secure for the people of this 
country a permanent record of the resources and development 
of Her Majesty's Colonies ; and I hope that an important 
section of the proposed Exhibition of that year may result from 
the co-operation of our fellow-subjects, the people of India, in a 
suitable representation of the industrial arts of that Empire. 

" In conclusion, I desire, as President of these Exhibitions, to 
thank the Special Commissioners, the Members of the General 
Committee, and the Jurors, for the time and labour they have 
devoted to the business of the Exhibition ; and to express my 
high approbation of the cheerfulness and assiduity with which 
the members of the Executive Staff have discharged their very 
onerous duties. 

" And I must finally signalize, as especially deserving of our 
gratitude, my brother, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the other 
foreign and English gentlemen, to whom we are indebted for 
the bestowal of much time and thought upon the papers which 
have been brought before those Conferences, which have formed 
so interesting and so useful a feature of the Exhibition. I am 
glad to hear that the value of the contribution to Fishery 
Literature, effected by the publication of these papers and the 
discussions to which they gave rise, has received authoritative 


AFTER all the affairs of the Exhibition of 1883 had been wound 
up, including the financial accounts, a meeting of the General 
Committee was held on Saturday, March 22nd, 1884, to receive 
the Eeport of the Executive Committee. Details of receipts 
and outlay were presented. Eeference was made to the wide 


interest awakened by the Exhibition, the attendance of fishermen 
from many lands, as well as from all parts of the United Kingdom, 
and the success of the attempt to sell fish at prices hitherto un- 
known in our great towns. The Eeport and Balance Sheet 
having been presented, the Prince of Wales thus spoke : 

" You have all listened, I am sure, with great interest to the 
report that has been read to you by the Chairman of the 
Executive Committee. From what we have heard, I think it is 
patent to all that the late Fisheries Exhibition has in every 
point of view been a success. It has been a financial success, 
and it has also been a success as regards the enormous number 
of people who have visited it, not only of our own countrymen 
and those from our colonies, but from every part of the globe. 
It is unnecessary for me on an occasion of this kind to 
enumerate the objects of this Exhibition, but I maintain that 
its two salient objects viz., the scientific and practical ones 
have fully justified its existence : its scientific object by the 
display of every possible kind of modern appliance, thus show- 
ing the great improvements that have been made in the fishing 
industry of the world ; and its practical object because it not 
only showed to our own countrymen, but to all the world, what 
a valuable means of subsistence fish is. Many, I believe, had 
no idea of its value ; while the existence of varieties of fish was 
made known which had not even been heard of by the great 
majority of people. Well, gentlemen, you have all heard that 
there is a surplus amounting to 15,243, and the question is 
naturally how to employ that sum. In the address that I read 
to you at the closing of the Exhibition I held out some hope 
that this might be applied in a useful and practical manner, and 
I would therefore now suggest to the General Committee that 
one of the best objects by which to perpetuate the results of 
this successful Exhibition would be to appropriate, say, about 
10,000 to alleviate the distress of widows and orphans of sea 
fishermen. I use the words ' alleviate the distress ' because I 
do not wish to bind any of you to our erecting an orphanage. 
That would cost a great deal of money, and, I think, would 
possibly be a mistake. If we were to embark in any great 
building enterprise of that kind, and in future find ourselves in 
debt, we should have frustrated the very object we have in 
view, viz., supporting the widows and orphans of those brave 


men who peril their lives at sea. I would also suggest that 
3000 should be given as an endowment to a society, which 
might be called the Koyal Fisheries Society. What shape that 
might take will be for your future consideration ; but possibly 
some society might be founded under such a name or character, 
similar to the Eoyal Agricultural Society. We shall then have 
a surplus of about 2000 left, which, I think you will all agree, 
will be a good thing to keep in reserve. It would be for the 
general public in future to show their interest in this scheme by 
supporting it to the best of their ability. I beg, therefore, to 
move the following resolution : ' That a sum of 10,000 be 
invested, with a view to applying the proceeds to the assistance 
of families who have suffered the loss of a father or husband in 
the prosecution of his calling as a sea fisherman ; and that a 
further sum of 3000 be applied to the formation of a Fisheries 
Society, such as was suggested by His Eoyal Highness the 
President in his reply to the report of the Executive Committee 
on the 31st of October, 1883.' " 

That suggestion was that a society should be formed, having 
for its object the collection of statistics and other information 
relative to Fisheries ; the diffusing among the fishing population 
of a knowledge of all improvements in the methods and appli- 
ances of their calling ; the discussion of questions bearing upon 
fishing interests : we wish we could add, " the interests of the 
public," in obtaining more and cheaper fish ! 

December 12th, 1882. 

THE large and commodious building on the Embankment, which 
is the new seat of the old " City of London School," was formally 
opened by the Prince of Wales, accompanied by the Princess of 
Wales, on the 12th of December, 1882. The Lord Mayor, in state, 
the masters of the principal City Companies, and a large assembly 
of civic and educational notables were present. The Lord Mayor 
having given an address on the history of the school, and the 
work done by the Corporation in connection with it, asked the 
Prince to declare the new building open. 

The Prince, after expressing the gratification it gave to himself 


and the Princess to take part in the proceedings of the day, and, 
having thanked the Lord Mayor for the historical address, said : 

" After what you have all heard with regard to the existence 
of this school, it will be hardly necessary for me to add more 
than a very few words. I also express my fervent hope that a 
school such as this one, which has flourished for a space of 
between forty and fifty years, will continue ever to do so. It is 
a palpable fact that many pupils have gone up to the Universi- 
ties, and taken high degrees, both in Classics at Oxford and in 
Mathematics at Cambridge. The present Head Master is one 
of those who took high honours at Cambridge. Last, but not 
least, the Lord Mayor himself was educated in this school, and 
is the first boy who has reached that high position. 

" I must congratulate the architect, and all those who have 
designed and built this school I feel convinced from what we 
have seen that it is an admirably suited building for all educa- 
tional purposes. Its site, close to the Thames, where it will 
get fresh air, and the admirable manner in which all the rooms 
are constructed, promise well for the future. Let me once 
again express a fervent hope that, under the blessing of God, it 
will continue to flourish and prosper. I now declare the new 
buildings open." 

The announcement was received with great cheering, with a 
flourish of trumpets. The present Head Master, Dr. Abbott, 
worthily sustains the reputation which the school held under 
Dr. Mortimer. 


May 21**, 1883. 

THE opening of the club, in Whitehall Gardens, named after the 
Earl of Northbrook, for the use of native gentlemen from the East 
Indies and their friends, attracted a large and influential assem- 
blage. By the request of Lord Northbrook the Prince of Wales 
declared the club open. He said that, after the clear and full 
statement by Lord Korthbrook, he had little to say about the 
objects and advantages of the club. After expressing his gratifi- 
cation at being invited to be present, he said : 

" I have not forgotten and I address this especially to those 


gentlemen who come from India nor am I likely ever to forget, 
the magnificent reception I met with in India, not only from the 
Native Princes, but from every class in India ; and the interest 
I take in all that concerns Her Majesty's Indian empire I 
assure you will ever continue. I think it highly desirable that 
a club of this nature should have been formed, so as to bring 
natives of India into direct communication with our own 
countrymen, and that facilities should be afforded them to find 
a comfortable place where they can meet together for the inter- 
change of ideas, and where they can seek relaxation after their 
labours in the professions which they have come here to study. 
That it will be found in every respect desirable, I am sure, and 
I have not the smallest doubt that it will be successful. I am 
glad to hear from Lord Northbrook of the money which has 
come from India. ' It is gratifying to know that the Indian 
Princes have been magnanimous in their subscriptions, and have 
shown the great interest they take in the success of the under- 
taking. I heartily wish prosperity to the Northbrook Club." 

Some letters from India having been read, and several native 
gentlemen having been presented, the Prince made a tour of the 
club with the committee. 

July 8th, 1883. 

THE City of London College, which has spacious premises in 
White Street, Moorfields, is intended for giving educational 
advantages to young men, chiefly by means of evening classes for 
those engaged in business or work during the day. It was 
originally established, in 1848, at Crosby Hall, moving from there 
to Sussex Hall, Leadenhall Street, and finally settled in the new 
building in Moorfields, the cost of which was 16,000. To 
inaugurate this new College, the Prince of Wales, accompanied 
by the Princess, went to the City. After being shown over the 
building their Royal Highnesses were conducted by the Lord 
Mayor to the great hall, which is capable of holding about 1000 
persons, and which was densely filled. 

The Eeverend Prebendary Whittington, Principal of the 
College, read an address thanking the Prince for his presence, and 
stating the objects of the College. He mentioned that in 1858 the 


Prince Consort paid a visit to Crosby Hall, and testified his 
approval of the work done for the intellectual, social, and moral 
improvement of the young men of London, by consenting to 
become the first patron, an office which had since his death been 
filled by the Queen. Her Majesty had testified her continued 
approval by a generous donation to the new building fund. 
The Prince of Wales, in reply, said : 

" Ladies and Gentlemen, It is with sincere pleasure that I 
thank you on behalf of the Princess of Wales, as well as on my 
own, for the loyal address of welcome which has just been 
presented to us, and for being given this opportuntity of ex- 
pressing to you our approval of your efforts for the improvement 
of the intellectual, social, moral, and spiritual condition of the 
young men of this vast metropolis. Such occasions are always 
fraught with the deepest interest to me, recalling as they do 
the memory of my beloved father, the Prince Consort, who 
devoted his time, his experience, and his great abilities to the 
promotion of undertakings such as the one you now have in 
hand, to which he lent his countenance by becoming its first 
patron, and which the Queen still encourages by her patronage. 
We sincerely trust our presence here to-day may encourage 
others to take an interest in this great undertaking, and we 
rejoice to be able to declare your new building open." 

A prayer for the continued success of the institution was then 
offered up by Bishop Claughton, and the Old Hundredth Psalm 
was sung. 

The Secretary then read a list of subscriptions, including fifty 
guineas from the Prince of Wales. The Lord Mayor said that the 
Prince always showed his interest in education, and he had lately 
been present at the opening of the City of London School. This 
College gave more advanced and practical teaching than was given 
at that School. 

Mr. Clarke, Q.C., M.P., said he had been a student of the 
College twenty-six or twenty-seven years ago, and the education he 
there received had been most valuable to him. Mr. Prebendary 
Mackenzie having supported the resolution of a vote of thanks to 
their Eoyal Highnesses, the Prince returned his warm thanks and 
added : 

" So much has been said with regard to this College that I 
should only be taking up your time if I were to allude to it 
further tban to say that I feel convinced and it is our earnest 
hope that this College, which has been so successful hitherto, 


will continue to prosper in the new building. Most cordially 
do we wish it all success. A greater proof cannot be given of 
the excellent character of the education which the students 
here receive than that given by the seconder of the resolution, 
Mr. Clarke, who has not only attained a high position in the 
profession he has adopted, but who has also become a member 
of Parliament. I thank you again for your kind reception of 
us -to-day, and for the pleasure it has given us to inaugurate 
this very handsome building." 



February 22nd, 1884. 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales is not infrequent in his 
attendance in the House of Lords, but he has very rarely addressed 
the House. It is natural that he should avoid even the appearance 
of being mixed up with political controversies, or touching points 
that might bear a party construction. But on questions of a 
social or patriotic bearing to which he is known to have given 
personal attention, the voice of the Prince would be always heard 
with pleasure, and his opinions carry due weight. It was so in 
the matter of the Housing of the Poor, which was brought before 
the House on the 22nd of February, 1884. 

The Marquis of Salisbury moved an Address to Her Majesty for 
the appointment of a Eoyal Commission to inquire into the housing 
of the working classes. Lord Carington seconded the motion, after 
which the Prince of Wales rose, amidst cheers from both sides of 
the House. He said : 

" My Lords, The speeches which have fallen from the lips 
of the noble Marquis who introduced this subject, and from 
the noble Lord who has just sat down, cannot fail to have been 
heard with the deepest interest by your Lordships. I feel also 
convinced that your Lordships, in common with all classes of 
Her Majesty's subjects, will be gratified to learn that the noble 
Marquis has asked for a searching inquiry to be made into that 
great and momentous question with regard to the housing, and 
the amelioration of the dwellings, of the poor and the working 
classes, and that Her Majesty's Government have already 
appointed a Commission for that purpose. 



"My Lords, it is not my intention to trouble your Lord- 
ships with many remarks, though I take the keenest and 
liveliest interest in this great question. Still, I confess I have 
not gone sufficiently into the matter for me to venture on 
giving an opinion, especially after what has fallen from the 
noble Marquis and the noble Lord. At the same time, I can 
assure you, my Lords, that I am deeply nattered at having been 
appointed a member of the Eoyal Commission. The subject of 
the housing of the poor is not entirely unknown to me, as 
having acquired a property in Norfolk now for twenty years, I 
have had something to do in building fresh dwellings for the 
poor and working classes. On arriving there I found the 
dwellings in the most deplorable condition, but I hope now 
that there is hardly one on the estate who can complain of not 
being adequately housed. 

" I quite endorse what has fallen from the noble Marquis and 
the quotation which he made from the letter of Mr. Williams 
which appeared in to-day's newspapers. A few days ago I 
visited two of the poorest courts in the district of St. Pancras 
and Holborn, where, I can assure you, my Lords, that the con- 
dition of the people, or rather of their dwellings, was perfectly 
disgraceful. This in itself proves to me how important it is 
that there should be a thoroughly searching inquiry. As your 
Lordships are aware, there have existed now for some short 
space of time several private societies organised for the purpose 
of inquiring into this very question. I am sure that we ought 
all to be grateful to these gentlemen for giving up their time to 
so important a subject, and I feel that the Eoyal Commission 
can in nowise clash with the efforts of these private individuals. 

" In conclusion, my Lords, I wish to say that I cherish an 
earnest hope, which I feel will be shared by your Lordships, 
that the result of this Eoyal Commission will be a recommenda- 
tion to Parliament of measures of a drastic and thorough kind, 
which may be the means of not only improving the dwellings of 
the poor, but of ameliorating their condition generally." 

His Eoyal Highness was followed by Lord Shaftesbury, the 
Bishop of London, and others, but nothing was added in the debate 
of a practical nature, and the motion of Lord Salisbury was 
unanimously carried. 

( 243 ) 


February 25th, 1884. 

THE Prince and Princess of Wales, accompanied by the Princess 
Louise, Marchioness of Lome, and the Princesses Louise, Victoria, 
and Maude of Wales, visited Chelsea Baracks on Monday, the 25th 
of February, 1884, for the distribution of prizes to the girls at the 
Guards' Industrial Home. It is very honourable to the officers of 
the Guards, that they provide as far as they can for the welfare of 
the wives and families of the soldiers, as well as of the men of 
their regiments. The boys educated in the regimental schools 
were easily provided for, but for the training of the girls for 
useful occupations it had been advisable to establish this 
Industrial Home in the neighbourhood of the barracks. This was 
explained by General Higginson, commanding the brigade of 
Guards in the Home district, and a report of the state of the 
institution during the past year was read by Colonel Cockran, the 
honorary secretary. 

The Prince of Wales then distributed the prizes to the girls, in 
his usual kindly manner. General Higginson, in the name of the 
brigade, thanked their Eoyal Highnesses for the proof they had 
given of their favour and good will. The Prince replied 

" General Higginson, Ladies, and Gentlemen, The Princess 
begs me to return her warmest thanks for the very kind words 
in which you have expressed your thanks to her on behalf of 
the brigade for taking part in the ceremony which we have just 
witnessed. I know I am only expressing her views when I 
state that it has given her sincere pleasure to be here, and that 
she shares with me an interest in everything which concerns 
the brigade of Guards. After what has fallen from you, General 
Higginson, and after the reading of the report, there is little 
left for me to say beyond congratulating those who founded this 
institution and those who so ably maintain it, upon the highly 
satisfactory way in which it is managed and upon the creditable 
manner in which, as we know, every detail connected with its 
working is conducted. We sincerely hope that those young 
ladies who have to-day received prizes will go forth to pursue 
their avocations in life with credit both to themselves and to the 
instruction they have received in this institution. We trust 
that having reached its 21st anniversary the coming of age of 

R 2 


the Guards' Industrial Home the institution will ever continue 
to flourish. For my own part, I may say, General Higginson, 
that I think all the officers, non-commissioned officers, and men 
of the Household Brigade are aware of the deep feeling which I 
entertain towards them, and that I have not forgotten my 
association with them three-and-twenty years ago. That feeling 
of kindliness towards them, and of interest in all that concerns 
them, will continue to the day of my death." 

After the ceremony was over, there was an amateur theatrical 
performance, to the great amusement not only of the young folk, 
but of the crowd of spectators who filled the hall. 

March 15th, 1884. 

THE Prince of Wales presided, not for the first time, at the annual 
meeting of the Lifeboat Institution, which was held at Willis's 
Booms on the 15th of March, 1884. The Secretary, Mr. C. Dibdin, 
having read the report, the Prince of Wales said : 

"Ladies and Gentlemen, Before calling upon the noble 
duke (the Duke of Argyll) to move the first resolution, I wish 
to say a few words. You have all of you, I feel convinced, 
heard with the greatest interest the report which has just been 
read by the secretary, and I think we must all be unanimous 
in the opinion that that report is highly satisfactory as regards 
everything connected with this institution. 

" The National Lifeboat Institution, having been founded in 
1824, has now reached its sixtieth anniversary, and I think you 
will all agree with me that there is no institution throughout 
our country which is of greater importance or more demands 
our sympathy and assistance. From our geographical position 
as a sea-girt isle, and from the immense colonies which we 
have acquired, the mass of ships that travel to and fro and 
reach our islands is almost too vast to enable us even to realize 
what their number can actually be. Those vessels naturally 
encounter tempests, the results of which are shipwrecks and 
loss of life. The risks especially which that valuable and 


important community, the fishermen on our coasts, have to run 
from the beginning to the end of the year must be well known 
to you all. It is especially to save their lives, and not only 
theirs, but the lives of all who travel on the sea, that this great 
national institution has been founded. Strange to say that 
notwithstanding the great improvements which have been 
effected in navigation and in the different scientific inventions 
which have been made, there is no doubt that an increase of 
shipwrecks annually occurs. 

" I may mention that it must have been of interest to those 
of you who visited the Fisheries Exhibition last year to notice 
all the models of boats, contrivances for fishing, and apparatus 
for saving life which were there shown to you. It must be 
patent to everybody that a society of this kind is an absolute 
necessity. Look at what it has done. Since its foundation 
nearly 31,000 lives have been saved by its instrumentality. 
Already this year up to now the middle of March 300 lives 
have been saved, and last year the total number was nearly 
1000. The institution has now 274 lifeboats, and no doubt you 
are fully aware, through the medium of the Press, of the 
gallantry which has been displayed by the coxswains and crews 
of those boats. This is so well known to you, I am sure, that 
I need not engross your attention by dwelling upon the topic. 
Of one thing, however, I must remind you. I must impress 
upon your minds the fact that, although we admit this to be a 
national and most important institution, it is at the same time 
entirely supported by voluntary contributions. Therefore I 
most urgently ask you to ponder well over this fact, and im- 
press upon you the great necessity which exists for keeping it 
up and maintaining it in a state of efficiency with adequate 
funds. A large annual income is, of course, required for this 
purpose. To maintain a lifeboat station in a good state 70 
per annum is needed. 

" Allusion has been made in the report to the fact that the 
Princess of Wales has become a vice-patroness of this institu- 
tion, and I need hardly tell you that she shares with me all the 
views that I hold in relation to it. It was a great gratification 
to her quite recently to present medals to two of the most 
deserving coxswains who had distinguished themselves in 


saving lives. Upon the utility and merits of this institution 
one might speak for hours, but our meeting to-day is . for 
business, and not merely for the purpose of delivering ad- 
dresses ; so I will now call upon the Duke of Argyll to move 
the first resolution." 

Speeches having been made by the Duke of Argyll, Admiral Sir 
H. Keppell, Lord Charles Beresford, and the Lord Mayor (Fowler), 
and resolutions passed, the Duke of Northumberland proposed 
a vote of thanks to the Prince of Wales for presiding, who in 
responding said : 

" I assure you it has been a source of sincere gratification to 
me to take the chair on this occasion. I assure you also that 
nobody more cordially wishes this institution continued success 
and prosperity than I do. It is a thoroughly national and 
useful institution, and if it is only as ably managed and con- 
ducted in the future as it has been in the past, I feel convinced 
it will continue to flourish. I know how much we ought to 
feel grateful to those who have undertaken the arduous duty of 
managing this institution, for giving their valuable time and 
assistance, and how much our hearts ought always to go with 
those brave and gallant men who seek to rescue the lives of 
their fellow-countrymen in all weathers, and in all times by 
day or night." 

June llth, 1884. 

THE lamented death of the Duke of Albany on the 28th of March, 
1884, prevented the Prince of Wales from taking active part in the 
preparations for the Health Exhibition of that summer. He had 
before arranged, along with the Executive Council, of which the 
Duke of Buckingham was Chairman, the general plan of the 
Exhibition, in the designs of which Prince Leopold had taken deep 
interest. On the 17th of June the Prince formally inaugurated 
the work of the international juries, a necessary and important 
part of the whole undertaking. It was the first occasion in 
which His Eoyal Highness had taken part in public affairs since 
the death of his brother. The meeting took place in the Albert 
Hall, and a great assembly had gathered, including many distin- 
guished foreigners. 


The Duke of Buckingham, on "behalf of the Executive Council, 
expressed the great gratification they felt at the appearance of 
His Boyal Highness among them, as to him was due the inception 
of the undertaking. Sir James Paget, the Vice- Chairman of the 
Council, delivered an elaborate and eloquent address on the 
purposes and the importance of the Exhibition. He was followed 
by Sir Lyon Playfair. After these addresses Lord Eeay presented 
to His Eoyal Highness, the Foreign Commissioners, and the 
Chairmen and Jurors for the different sections. The Prince then 
said : 

" Your Excellencies, Ladies, and Gentlemen, Owing to a very 
sad cause I was unable to open the Health Exhibition. But I 
am particularly glad to have had this opportunity of being pre- 
sent to preside here to-day on the occasion of the assembling of 
the international juries. It has given me great pleasure to have 
made the personal acquaintance of all those distinguished gentle- 
men who have come from the Continent, and who, no doubt at 
considerable inconvenience to themselves, have so kindly con- 
sented to come over here to decide on matters appertaining to the 
Health Exhibition. It is particularly gratifying to me to have 
been here to receive them, and I sincerely hope that their 
labours will be crowned with success. That the Exhibition has 
up to the present time been successful so far as numbers are 
concerned we have evidence to show, but I hope at the same 
time that for scientific and educational purposes the public at 
large may derive even greater benefit from it than they can get 
by merely coming here to enjoy the Exhibition as a place of 

" After the address from the Duke of Buckingham, and the 
long, able, and most interesting one from Sir James Paget, 
which was commented upon by Sir Lyon Playfair, it would be 
perfectly superfluous for me to detain you but for a few moments 
on any subject relating to health. These addresses, which you 
have all listened to with such great interest, will, I trust, have 
proved to you what an important consideration the matter of 
health is. This Exhibition, under the able chairmanship of the 
Duke of Buckingham and those gentlemen of the Executive 
Council who have worked under him, has, I think, been brought 
to a remarkable degree of perfection. They have done every- 
tliing they can do to make it pleasing to the eye ; but still I 
hope that those who visit the Exhibition will remember that 


there are greater and more important objects at stake that 
they will go home impressed by the study of those objects as 
well as by the pleasure they may have derived from the won- 
derful inventions and methods of showing them. I wish to 
tender my thanks to the Lord Mayor and the great City Com- 
panies for their kind co-operation in this Exhibition, and I am 
sure we are all much gratified at the success of what is called 
Old London. Before concluding I would beg to ask the Chair- 
men and Jurors at the close of the proceedings to constitute 
their juries and select their secretaries." 

The French Ambassador, in moving a vote of thanks to the 
Prince of Wales for presiding, referred to His Royal Highness's 
readiness on all occasions to give his time and to devote his 
energies to any cause which might advance the welfare of the 
people of this country. He called on them to thank His Royal 
Highness, not only in the name of those present and of the 
foreigners who had contributed to the Exhibition, and more 
particularly those of France, but in the name of thousands upon 
thousands of the poor and disinherited of the earth, of children 
and the helpless, whose benefit would ultimately be promoted by 
this Exhibition. 

The Lord Mayor seconded the motion, which was agreed to with 
acclamation. The Prince, in closing the proceedings, tendered his 
warmest thanks to the French Ambassador and his colleagues for 
their presence on that occasion and for their continued co-opera- 
tion in the Exhibitions with which he had been connected. His 
Royal Highness, in concluding, thanked the Lord Mayor, as 
representative of the City of London, for all that the City and the 
Guilds of London had done to promote the success of the 

June 25th, 1884. 

THE building, of which the foundation was laid nearly three years 
before, was completed within the time originally contracted for, and 
the Prince of Wales came to open it on the 25th of June, 1884. 
Again the Lord Chancellor read the report, and on behalf of the 
Governors and Council of the City and Guilds of London Institute, 
thanked His Royal Highness for his continued interest, and his 
presence that day. Touching allusion was made to the death of the 
Duke of Albany, who had laid the foundation stone of the Finsbury 
Technical College in May 1881. " As years roll by, and when the 


connection between the technical education of the people and the 
commercial prosperity of the country becomes as well understood 
and appreciated here as it is abroad, the year 1880, in which the 
City and Guilds of London Institute was incorporated, and the 
year 1884, in which this central institution was opened, will stand 
out as epochs in what we hope may be an unbroken record of 
industrial progress ; and we sincerely trust that the remembrance 
of this day's proceedings may ever furnish to your Eoyal High- 
ness a pleasing and satisfactory thought, enabling you to associate 
the endeavours of your illustrious father, dating back more than 
thirty years, to improve the arts and manufactures of the country, 
with the work of this Technical Institute, over which your Koyal 
Highness so graciously presides." 

The Prince of Wales, in reply, said : 

" My Lord Chancellor, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I have 
listened with attention to your address, and I assure you it 
gives me great pleasure to be able to preside at the opening of 
this important institution, the first pillar of which, in company 
with her Eoyal Highness the Princess of Wales, I set nearly 
three years since. I thank you for your very feeling reference 
to the severe loss which the Queen, and each member of Her 
Majesty's family, has sustained by the untimely death of my 
late brother. His interest in every movement calculated to 
humanize and to elevate the people of this country will, I am 
quite sure, cause his loss to be felt far beyond the circle of 
his immediate friends. 

" I have been gratified that the City and the Livery Companies 
of London have so generously responded to the letter which, as 
President of the Institute, I addressed some few months since to 
the Lord Mayor and to the Worshipful Masters of the Livery 
Companies of London. This Institute, which owes its origin to 
the liberality of the City and of the Guilds of London, is an 
illustration of the excellent work that may be done by united 
action, which could not possibly be accomplished by individual 
efforts. Conformably with the traditions of these ancient Guilds, 
there is, perhaps, no purpose to which they could more appro- 
priately devote their surplus funds, and none which would be 
of more practical advantage to the country at large than the 
promotion of technical education. The altered conditions of 
apprenticeship, and the almost general substitution of machine 
for hand labour have made the teaching of science, in its 


application to productive industry, a necessary part of the 
training of all classes of persons engaged in manufacturing 

" There never was a time, perhaps, when the importance of 
technical education was more generally recognized than now, 
and I am gratified to learn from the report of the Eoyal Com- 
missioners appointed to inquire into the subject to which your 
lordship has referred, that, although we are still behind many 
of our foreign neighbours in the provision of technical schools 
of different grades, the encouragement afforded by the State to 
the teaching of science and of art, supplemented as it now is by 
the Institute's assistance to the teaching of technology, has placed 
within reach of our artizan population facilities for technical 
instruction which have already influenced, and which promise 
to influence still more in the future, the progress of our manu- 
facturing industry. 

"As president of this Institute, I have noted with much 
satisfaction the rapid development of the work which the 
Council have initiated, and which they so successfully control. 
I am anxious to take this opportunity of expressing in public 
what is already known to you, my Lord Chancellor, and to the 
members of the Council, the obligations which we are all under 
to Mr. Philip Magnus, our able director and secretary, for his 
unwearied exertions in having so successfully accomplished the 
organization of the practical work of the institution. I have no 
doubt that the opportunities for advanced instruction, which 
will be afforded in the well-arranged laboratories and workshops 
of this building, will enable the managers and superintendents 
of our manufacturing works to obtain more readily than hitherto 
that higher technical instruction which is so essential to the 
development of our trade and commerce. 

" But it is especially as a training college for teachers that 
this institution will occupy an important place in the educational 
establishments of this country. The demand for technical 
instruction has increased so rapidly during the last few years 
that the supply of teachers has not kept pace with it, and I have 
noticed with satisfaction that in the scheme for the organization 
of this school due prominence is given to the provision of 
gratuitous courses of instruction for technical teachers from all 


parts of the kingdom. I shall be glad to see other corporations 
and individuals follow the example of the Clothworkers' Com- 
pany, by establishing scholarships which shall serve to connect 
the elementary schools of this country with this institution. 
Hitherto, all schools have led up to the Universities, and literary 
training has been encouraged to the disadvantage of scientific 
instruction. Manufacturing industry has, consequently, not 
been able to attract to its pursuits its fair proportion of the best 
intellect of the country. The foundation of scholarships in 
connection with this institution will enable selected pupils from 
elementary schools to enter schools of a higher grade, and to 
complete their education within these walls. 

" As president of the International Health Exhibition, I am 
glad that the Council of this Institute have been able to place 
at the disposal of the Council of the Health Exhibition a portion 
of this building for the exhibition of apparatus and appliances 
used in technical and other schools. I have no doubt that we 
shall find in that exhibition, which I hope to be able presently 
to visit, much that is generally instructive, and that the foreign 
sections will contain exhibits which will prove of great interest 
to the educational authorities of this country. To the Corpora- 
tion and to the Livery Companies of London, the Council of the 
International Health Exhibition are indebted for much valuable 
assistance, and I thank them for it. 

" It now only remains for me to declare the Central Institution 
of the City and Guilds of London Institute to be open, and to 
express the warmest hope that the important educational work 
to be carried on in this great national school of technical science 
and art will help to promote the development of our leading 
industries, and that the City and Guilds of London, which have 
so liberally subscribed funds for the erection and equipment of 
this institution, will maintain it with efficiency, and will at the 
same time continue their support to all other parts of the 
Institute's operations." 

After short speeches by Lord Carlingford, Mr. Mundella, and 
the Lord Mayor, the Prince inspected the various parts of the 
Institute, including the rooms where specimens of the work of 
students of the Finsbury College, and where exhibits from foreign 
technical schools were displayed. 



August 1st, 1884. 

ONE of the most important meetings presided over by the Prince 
of Wales, and one of the most memorable gatherings for many a 
year past seen in the City of London, was that held in the Guild- 
hall, on the 1st of August, 1884. The object was to celebrate the 
Jubilee of the Abolition of Slavery in the British Colonies, to 
recall the work of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society 
during the last half-century, and to consider the position and 
prospects of the slavery question at the present time throughout 
the world. 

It was in every respect a most remarkable meeting. The great 
Hall was densely crowded from end to end. On the platform 
were assembled large numbers of distinguished persons, of different 
creeds, and opposite political parties, but all united in the cause 
which had brought them together that day. The names of a few 
of those present will show how various were the classes thus 
represented. The Lord Mayor (Alderman Fowler, M.P.), and the 
Chief Magistrates of London, the Archbishop of Canterbury and 
Cardinal Manning, Earl Granville and the Earl of Derby, Sir 
Stafford Northcote and Mr. W. E. Forgter, Mr. Sergeant Simon, 
Sir Wilfrid Lawson, Mr. T. K. Potter, Mr. Henry Kichard, and 
many other leading members of Parliament, sat together on the 
same platform. There were present a few of the veterans who 
had taken part in the anti-slavery struggles fifty years before, 
such as Joseph Sturge and Sir Harry Verney, M.P. Descendants 
of the early champions of the cause, bearing the honoured names 
of Wilberforce, Lushington, Buxton, Pease, Forster, showed that 
the spirit of their fathers was maintained in a new generation. 
Among the ladies on the platform were the Baroness Burdett- 
Coutts, Miss Gordon, the sister of General Gordon, of Khartoum, 
and some members of the Society of Friends, always abounding in 
good works. 

The Secretary of the Society read a list of names of those 
unable to be present, but expressing warm sympathy with the 
purpose of the meeting. There were letters from the Chief Kabbi, 
from Lord Salisbury, the Duke of Norfolk, the Duke of Suther- 
land, the Duke of Argyll, Lord Carnarvon, and other men of 
distinction. The most touching communication was from the 
venerated Earl of Shaftesbury, who had promised to attend, but 
was obliged to dictate a letter from a sick-bed, in which he 
expressed the satisfaction he felt in having lived to see such 
changes in regard to slavery during the past fifty years. On the 
dai's behind the platform were busts of Granville Sharp, and of 


Clarkson, decorated with flowers, and in front were exhibited 
massive wooden yokes and iron chains, such as are used for the 
gangs of slaves in the journey to the coast of Africa. 

Well might Lord Granville express his delight on " looking at 
this assembly of eminent men in all the walks of life in this 
country, of different professions, of different pursuits, of different 
religious denominations, of different political parties, all absorbed 
by one philanthropic idea, and presided over by the illustrious 
Prince, the Heir-Apparent to the Throne." How the Prince came 
to occupy this position, it may interest many readers to know. 
Mr. Allen, the Secretary of the Society, and Mr. W. E. Forster, 
went to ask him to preside at the meeting. Mr. Forster, for 
whom the Prince had high personal esteem, reminded him that 
his father had made his first public appearance as chairman of a 
meeting of the Anti-Slavery Society. The Prince did not need to 
be reminded of this, but at once most cordially assented to preside 
from his own interest in the subject, and if Mr. Allen would give 
a few necessary dates and facts he would do the best he could. 
With this assurance the success of the meeting was secured. 

The Lord Mayor, according to civic custom, having taken the 
chair for an instant, then vacated it, and invited His Eoyal 
Highness to preside over the meeting. The Prince then rose, 
amidst enthusiastic cheers, and said : 

" My Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, At the express wish of 
the Lord Mayor I am asked to preside on this auspicious occa- 
sion. I need hardly tell you that in such a cause it gives me 
more than ordinary pleasure to occupy the chair at so great and 
influential a meeting as this. I confess I had some reluctance 
in presiding to-day, feeling that others could accomplish the 
task far better than I should. But I also felt that possibly I 
might have some slight claim to occupy the chair on such an 
occasion, as so many members of my family have presided over 
former meetings in connection with Anti-Slavery movements. 
In the years 1825 and 1828, my uncle the late Duke of 
Gloucester presided at meetings of the Society, which were 
numerously attended. The Duke of Sussex did so in 1840; 
and you are well aware of the interest they took in promoting 
the objects of the Society by bringing forward questions con- 
cerning it in Parliament. In the same year my lamented father 
occupied the chair at a very large and crowded meeting at 
Exeter Hall ; and I believe that occasion was the very first on 
which he occupied the chair at any public meeting in this 
country. Let me say that my excuse for standing before you 


to-day may be given in words used by him forty-four years 
ago. They were these ' I have been induced to preside at the 
meeting of this Society from the conviction of its para- 
mount importance to the greatest interests of humanity and 

" This is a great and important anniversary. To-day we cele- 
brate the jubilee of the emancipation of Slavery throughout our 
colonies ; and it is also a day which has been looked forward 
to with pleasure and satisfaction by this excellent Society, which 
has worked so hard in this great cause of humanity. 

" We may be all proud, ladies and gentlemen, that England 
was the first country which abolished negro Slavery. Parliament 
voted, and the nation paid, twenty million pounds to facilitate 
this object. Our example was followed by many other countries, 
though I regret to say that in Brazil and Cuba slavery still 
exists, as well as in Mohammedan and heathen countries. It is 
a very natural temptation that, in newly -peopled countries, and 
especially when the climate prevents Europeans from working, 
forced labour should be introduced. The Duke of Gloucester 
very properly said that ' The Slave-trade can only be thoroughly 
abolished by the abolition of Slavery ; that while there is a 
demand, there will be a supply; this is the keynote of the 
Society during its existence.' 

" Principally owing to the indefatigable exertions of the un- 
daunted Thomas Clarkson and his great Parliamentary coadjutor, 
William Wilberforce, the Slave-trade and the untold horrors of 
the Middle Passage were, as far as Great Britain was concerned, 
put an end to in the year 1807. The majority, therefore, of the 
Slaves in the West Indian Islands who received the benefit of 
the Emancipation Act were descendants of those Africans who 
had been originally torn from the forests of Africa. Speaking 
of the proclamation of the emancipation of the Slaves in the 
colonies, Mr. Buxton said : ' Throughout the colonies the 
churches and chapels had been thrown open, and the Slaves 
had crowded into them on the evening of the 31st of July, 1834. 
As the hour of midnight approached they fell upon their knees, 
and awaited the solemn moment, all hushed, silent, and prepared. 
When twelve o'clock sounded from the chapel bells they sprang 
upon their feet, and through every island rang glad sounds of 


thanksgiving to the Father of all, for the chains \vere broken 
and the Slaves were free.' 

" I may mention that I have within a short time ago received 
a telegram from the President of the Wesleyan Methodist Con- 
ference in session at Burslem, congratulating me and you on the 
meeting of to-day, and stating that it was during the session of 
the Conference in 1834 that the abolition of Slavery in the 
West Indian Colonies became an accomplished fact a consum- 
mation for which, as Wesleyan Methodists, they had universally 
prayed and laboured. They cannot therefore, but profoundly 
rejoice at the jubilee of the great event, with its incalculable 
benefits, not only to the West Indies, but to all other peoples 
throughout the world. 

" It may not, perhaps, be generally known to you that 
Slavery was abolished in India in 1843 by the simple passing 
of an Act destroying its legal status, and putting the freeman 
and Slave on the same footing before the law. The natural 
result took place, and millions of Slaves gratuitously procured 
their own freedom without any sudden dislocation of the rights 
claimed by their masters. A plan similar to this would be 
found a most effectual one in Egypt and other Mohammedan 
countries. This example was followed by Lord Carnarvon in 
1874 on the Gold Coast of Western Africa, where he was able 
to abolish Slavery without any serious interference with the 
habits and customs of the people. Under the influence of 
England, the Bey of Tunis issued a decree in 1846, abolishing 
Slavery and the Slave-trade throughout his dominions, which 
concluded in the following simple and forcible terms : ' Know 
that all Slaves that shall touch our territory by sea or by land 
shall become free.' 

" In connection with this there are two names which I cannot 
do otherwise than allude to to-day that of Sir Samuel Baker, 
and one which is on everybody's lips that of General Gordon. 
You are well aware that during the term of five or six years 
that they were governors of the Soudan their great object was 
to put down the Slave-trade on the White Nile. They were 
successful to a great extent, but I fear they had great difficulties 
to contend with, and when their backs were turned much of the 
evil came out again which they had found on their arrival. 


" I will now turn to Europe. The great Republic of France 
in 1848, under the guidance of the veteran Abolitionist M. Victor 
Schcelcher and his colleagues, passed a short Act abolishing 
Slavery throughout the French dominions : ' La Republique 
n'admet plus d'esclaves sur le territoire Francais.' In Russia 
the emancipation of twenty millions of serfs in 1861 by the late 
Emperor of Russia must not pass unchronicled in a review of 
the history of emancipation, although, strictly speaking, this 
form of Slavery can scarcely be classed with that resulting from 
the African Slave-trade. In the United States of America in 
1865 the fetters of six millions of Slaves in the Southern States 
were melted in the hot fires of the most terrible civil war of 
modern times. Passing on to South America, and looking to 
Brazil, it may be noted with satisfaction that all of the small 
republics formerly under the rule of Spain put an end to 
Slavery at the time they threw off the yoke of the mother 
country. The great Empire of Brazil has alone, I regret to say, 
retained the curse which she inherited from her Portuguese 
rulers. At the present moment she possesses nearly a million 
and a half of Slaves on her vast plantations, but arrangements 
are made for their gradual emancipation. 

" Now, having taken this glance at the condition of Slavery 
to-day, I will add, in the words of the Society, that ' the chief 
object of this jubilee meeting is to rekindle the enthusiasm of 
England, and to assist her to carry on this civilising torch of 
freedom until its beneficent light shall be shed over all the 
earth.' The place in which this meeting is held, the character 
of this great meeting, and the reception these words have re- 
ceived, assure me that I have not done wrong in stating freely 
these objects. One of the objects of the Society is to circulate 
at home and abroad accurate information on the enormities of 
the Slave-trade and of Slavery, to give evidence if evidence, 
indeed, be wanting to the inhabitants of Slave-holding countries 
of the pecuniary advantages of free labour, and to diffuse au- 
thentic information respecting the beneficial result to the 
countries of emancipation. The late Duke of Gloucester, in 
the course of a speech made by him in 1825, said that 'his 
family had been brought to this country for the protection of 
the rights and liberties of its subjects, and as a member of that 


family he should not be discharging his duty towards them if 
he did not recommend the sacred principles of freedom by 
every means in his power.' Most heartily and most cordially 
do I endorse his words. 

" I rejoice that we have on the platform the eminent sons of 
two eminent fathers in the work of abolishing the Slave-trade 
and Slavery. Lord Derby and Mr. Forster, whom I rejoice to 
see here, have a hereditary connection with emancipation. The 
late Lord Derby, then Mr. Stanley, was Colonial Secretary to 
the Liberal Government of that day, which had set before it 
the task of carrying through Parliament a measure which was 
to put a term to Slavery in all the dependencies of the United 
Kingdom. Mr. Forster's father, having taken his full share of 
the agitation which led to the abolition of colonial Slavery, 
went to Tennessee on an Anti-Slavery errand and died in that 
State. There are glimpses, ladies and gentlemen, in Mr. 
Trevelyan's ' Life of Macaulay,' of the devotion with which this 
great movement was carried on. Zachary Macaulay, father of 
our great historian, was one of the chief workers in the cause, 
and it is said of him that for forty years he was ever burdened 
with the thought that he was called upon to wage war with this 
gigantic evil. In some of the West India islands the apprentice- 
ship system produced worse evils than the servitude of the 
Slave. The negroes w r ere theoretically free, but practically 
Slaves. The masters had been paid for their emancipation, but 
still held them to service. In a year or two the term of appren- 
ticeship was shortened, and soon afterwards public opinion 
at home demanded and effected its complete abolition. There 
were four years of disappointment, trouble, dispute, and suffer- 
ing in all the West Indies, except the island of Antigua, where 
the planters had preferred to make the change from Slavery to 
freedom at a single step. Full emancipation of the colonies had 
to be enforced in 1838 by another Act, which abolished the 
transition stage, and proclaimed universal and complete emanci- 
pation. This Act only completed the work which 1833 began. 
The battle in which so many noble spirits had been engaged 
was practically won when the name of Slavery was abolished. 
The negroes of the West Indies look back to the 1st August, 
1834, as the birthday of their race. The Emancipation Act, 


which on that day came into force, spoke the doom of Slavery 
all round the world. 

" I have ventured on this occasion to touch on different topics 
and dates which I thought would be of interest, but it is not niy 
wish to weary you with longer details. Allow me to thank you 
for the kind way in which you have listened to the remarks I 
have made, and to assure you how deeply I am with you on 
this occasion, both heart and soul." 

It was no formal compliment when Earl Granville, who followed 
the President, said, that " the illustrious Prince, following the 
example of his noble father, and of other members of the Royal 
Family, not only presided on this occasion with dignity and grace, 
but had spoken with earnestness and power on this great ques- 
tion." He also paid a generous tribute to the memory of Lord 
Palmerston, under whom he had begun his own official life, and 
who had laboured long and zealously in the anti-slavery cause. 

The speakers who succeeded, without exception, rose to the 
height of the great argument. Sir Stafford Northcote, the Lord 
Iddesleigh of after years, closed his speech with a noble peroration : 
" They had deep reason to be thankful for the position which 
England had been allowed to take in this great controversy. 
They knew what that great position was ; they knew how it 
astonished the world, and how it astonished ourselves, that this 
island had spread itself in its intentions and designs over so large 
a portion of the world's surface, and what responsibility it had 
taken upon itself in consequence. This position had brought us 
into communication with every portion of the globe where Slavery 
prevailed. It gave us great opportunities, and we must see that 
they are not neglected. England's mission was not to magnify 
herself and speak of the greatness she had achieved : it was rather 
to look to the happiness and the advancement of the worlcL There 
were lines written by a great poet which were originally applied 
to the great Empire of Eome, but which were applicable to 
England. They spoke of that which became an Imperial race, 
and of the aptitude of other nations for other arts and pursuits. 
It was the Imperial position and the boast of England to release 
the captive, and set free the Slave ; and, in the words of the poet 
to whom he had referred, he would say: 'These are Imperial 
arts, and worthy thee.' " 

The Archbishop of Canterbury spoke of the duty of the clergy 
to promote and direct public feeling on this question. Lord 
Derby, then Foreign Secretary, in referring to direct action by 
England, said that international diplomacy set limits to carrying 
out all that they might wish in regard to foreign slavery. " The 
English Act of 1834 had practically given the death-blow to slavery 
throughout the world. I do not think this is saying too much, for 


we know the force of public opinion." He concluded by saying 
that " the slave trade, although somewhat checked, will never be 
thoroughly got rid of till Slavery dies out in Asia, and in partially 
civilized countries. How this is to be effected, when it can be 
done, and through what agencies, are questions not to be settled 
by ail off-hand sentence at a public meeting. But that it ought to 
be done that it can be done, and that in time it will be done 
are matters about which I entertain no doubt ; and, that being so, 
I have much pleasure in proposing this resolution." 

The resolution ran as follows : " That this meeting, while fully 
recognising the great steps made by nearly all civilised nations in 
the path of human freedom, has yet to contemplate with feelings 
of the deepest sorrow the vast extent of Slavery still maintained 
among Mohammedan and heathen nations, producing, as its con- 
sequence, the indescribable horrors of the Central and East African 
Slave-trade, as fatal to human life on shore as the dreadful Middle 
Passage formerly was at sea ; in view of this appalling state of 
things, this meeting pledges itself to support the British and 
Foreign Anti-Slavery Society in its efforts to urge the Governments 
of all Slave-holding countries to put an end to Slavery as the only 
certain method of stopping the Slave-trade." 

Mr. Forster said that this resolution had been drawn with a 
temperance of language which he feared he would not have been 
able to command. He thought that the services which England 
had rendered to some nations still encouraging Slavery and the 
Slave-trade, entitled her voice to be raised with great authority. 
But he recognised the difficulties, which should nerve them to 
greater earnestness in strengthening public opinion in this 
country on the subject. " I greatly rejoice," said Mr. Forster, 
" to see this meeting, and I believe this means a new departure, 
and a determination to carry on the work, and to strengthen the 
hands of this Society for what it has yet to do." 

Cardinal Manning, in an earnest and eloquent appeal, also 
urged the claims of the Society. " The reports published by it, as 
to the actual state of Slavery and the Slave-trade, are too sadly 
true. We are told that Livingstone, whose name cannot be men- 
tioned in this hall or anywhere without awaking the sympathy of 
all Christian men, has left it on record as his belief that half-a- 
million of human lives are annually sacrificed by this African 
Slave-trade. This horrible traffic runs in three tracks, marked by 
skeletons, from the centre of Africa towards Madagascar, towards 
Zanzibar, and towards the Eed Sea. Also, we are told, that of 
those who are carried away by force, some are so worn by fatigue 
as to die, others falling by the way are slaughtered by the sword, 
so that of this great multitude only one-third ever reaches the 
end of their horrible destination. It would seem to me that never 
in the Middle Passage was murder and misery so great." 

What was thus said by Cardinal Manning has been since con- 
firmed by his Eminence Cardinal Lavigerie, Archbishop of Algiers 

S 2 


and Carthage, when recently in London, engaged in a righteous 
crusade to be preached by him in all the Capitals of Europe. 
This African prelate, from his own knowledge, during the last 
thirty years, as missionary and as prelate, gave terrible details of 
the slave trade, as the curse of that dark continent. The Cardinal 
says that the traffic can never be stopped, except by force, and if 
the Governments of Europe cannot effect this, he advocates a 
voluntary crusade of men, ready to form armed colonies of blacks 
to protect the missionaries of religion and civilization, and to 
defend the slave regions from the murderous raiders who invade 
them. The success of Emin Pasha who has for ten years kept the 
whole of his great Equatorial province free from the ravages of 
the slave-hunters shows what can be done. But for the shameful 
abandonment of Gordon at Khartoum, the slave trade would at 
this time have been almost at an end, and the grand desires of 
Livingstone for the peace and welfare of Africa would have been 
accomplished. Let us hope that Cardinal Lavigerie's visit may 
not be in vain so far as England is concerned. He came quietly 
and went quietly, only paying two visits after his public appear- 
ance at Prince's Hall, one to the Marquis of Salisbury, and the 
other to the Prince of Wales. 

To return to the Guildhall, the loyal and hearty thanks of the 
meeting were offered to His Royal Highness, on the moiion of the 
Lord Mayor, seconded by Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, and carried 
by acclamation. The Prince, in reply, said : 

" I am not likely to forget this important day, and most 
sincerely do I hope that important results may accrue from it. 
We have to-day celebrated the past, but we have the future to 
look to, as many speakers have said, and I cannot do better 
than agree with my right hon. friend on my left (Mr. Forster) 
that we must act with caution. But with due caution, and 
with the advice and good example which have been set, I feel 
sure that in time all countries will follow in the footsteps of 
England. The best chance of a complete abolition of Slavery 
will lie in civilisation, in opening up those great countries, Asia 
and Africa, many parts of which are now known to but few 
Europeans, and in disseminating education. In time people 
will see that they have derived no benefit from having Slaves, 
that the freeman will do his work far better than the one who 
is forced to labour. I mentioned, in first speaking, the names of 
many men connected with the subject on which we have met 
to-day. I will now add the name of one who was taken from 
us a few months ago, and who always had the deepest interest 


in this Society I allude to the eminent and much regretted 
statesman, Sir Bartle Frere. And on this occasion his widow, 
Lady Frere, has sent to us these slave irons [pointing to the 
chains in front], which were brought some years ago from 
Zanzibar by Sir Bartle Frere, and you will, by looking at these 
implements of the slavers, be convinced more, perhaps, than by 
anything else, of the cruelty and hardships which slaves in this 
part of Africa had to undergo. I will not detain you longer, 
but I must thank you once more for the kind support you have 
given me to-day, and also those gentlemen, many of them old 
and valued friends of my own, who have addressed you in such 
eloquent and exhaustive speeches." 

The Prince vacated the chair, which was then taken by the 
Lord Mayor, and His Royal Highness left, amid loud cheers. His 
Royal Highness afterwards graciously consented to become Patrou 
of the British and Foreign And- Slavery Society. 

April 9th-l7th. 

SEVENTEEN years had passed since the Prince and Princess of 
Wales had been in Ireland, and had been received with generous 
and loyal enthusiasm. It was feared by many that the spirit of 
loyalty in the Irish people had died away and could never be 
revived. The selfish and treasonable agitators who had long 
stirred up hostile and disloyal feelings were vexed and angry when 
they heard of another Royal visit. They used every means that 
a malign ingenuity could suggest to repress the generous 
impulses of the Irish race, and did all in their power to prepare 
for the Prince and Princess of Wales a reception different from 
that which had been given on their former visits. When they 
found that the mass of the people looked forward with joyful 
anticipation to the coming of the Prince and Princess among them, 
they recommended, on the part of what they called the national 
party, to maintain a " dignified neutrality," and to abstain from 
joining in the loyal demonstration with which it was evident the 
Royal visitors would be welcomed. The design proved a failure. 
From the moment of landing at Kingstown to the day of their 
departure, not in Dublin only, but in the progress through the 
south of Ireland, the feeling of disaffection and disloyalty was 
overborne by the spontaneous and hearty enthusiasm of the people. 


The first manifestation of loyal feeling was displayed at Kings- 
town, when an address was presented by the Commissioners of the 
^township. The reply of the Prince shows how the spirit of the 
address was appreciated : 

" Mr. Chairman and Town Commissioners of Kingstown, It 
has given me great pleasure to receive the address with which 
you have greeted me on my first landing in Ireland after some 
absence from your shores, and I am grateful to you for the 
welcome which you have accorded to the Princess of Wales and 
myself. I value, I can assure you, very highly the expression 
of loyalty and attachment to the Crown which your address 
contains, and I will not fail to communicate to the Queen the 
sentiments of loyalty and of devotion which you express to- 
wards Her Majesty. Most certainly do I hope that this may 
not be the last visit which we shall pay to a country where we 
have always been welcomed by kindness, and where the hospi- 
tality which we have invariably received on all former occasions 
has left so many pleasant recollections impressed on our minds." 

On arriving at Dublin the first address was presented by the 
City Reception Committee, the citizens having, with the hearty 
co-operation of all classes, undertaken to pay the common 
courtesies of welcome, which rightly should have been done, and 
on former occasions were done, by the Lord Mayor and Corporation. 
An address was at the same time presented by the Chamber of 
Commerce. To both addresses the Prince thus replied : 

" Mr. Martin, Mr. Guinness, and Gentlemen, On behalf of 
the Princess of Wales and myself, I thank you heartily for the 
address you have read to me, and I am very grateful to the 
citizens of Dublin who through you have welcomed me to their 
city. It gives the Princess and myself much gratification once 
more to visit a country where we have received so much kind- 
ness, and I regret the length of the interval which has elapsed 
since we last were in Ireland, and fully appreciate your senti- 
ments of loyalty to the Throne and Constitution, and I will take 
care to communicate to the Queen your expressions of devotion 
and attachment to Her Majesty. It will give me much pleasure 
to renew my acquaintance with Dublin and see the results of 
the civic and private enterprise to which you refer. The 
furtherance of the welfare of all classes of the realm is an object 
which is dear to me, and I trust that the efforts of the Commis- 


sion of which I am a member will tend to the improvement of 
the dwellings of those who contribute by their labour to the 
prosperity of our great towns, and will thus add to their public 
utility as citizens as well as to their private and domestic 
happiness. I hope to visit many parts of Ireland and see much 
of the work, as well as share some of the amusements, of the 
Irish people. The kindness with which you have greeted me 
encourages me to look forward with pleasure to my visit to a 
country where courtesy and hospitality have ever been the 
characteristics of the people." 

One passage in the address of the Chamber of Commerce the 
Prince did not refer to, but it is of great importance. After the 
warm expressions of loyalty to the Throne and the Constitution, 
and of devotion to the Queen and the Royal Family, the address 
continued, " We earnestly desire that your present visit may bo 
productive of so much pleasure to your Eoyal Highnesses that you 
may feel encouraged to honour Ireland hereafter by visits of more 
frequent occurrence and of longer duration. We venture to assure 
you that it would be a great gratification to Her Majesty's loyal 
subjects in Ireland if a permanent Eoyal residence should be 
established in our country, and if some members of the Royal 
Family should see fit to make their home among us for some part 
of every year." About the permanent Royal residence in Ireland, 
the Prince kept a judicious silence, for it is a point which involves 
financial as well as political questions. But the opinion of the 
best Irish, of all classes, may well be considered, if the proposal is 
brought before Parliament. 

The address of the Royal Dublin Society when the Royal party 
visited the Agricultural Show elicited another appropriate speech 
from the Prince. After acknowledging the expressions of loyalty 
to the Throne, and of personal kindness in the welcome given, the 
Prince said : 

" The proceedings of your society have ever been a matter of 
deep interest to me, as they were to my lamented father ; and, 
having been fortunate enough on many occasions to be a suc- 
cessful exhibitor at agricultural shows, I am able to appreciate 
the service rendered to agriculture generally, and to the rearing 
of cattle and horses especially, by your labours. In your attitude 
towards the geographical survey I rejoice to see a determination 
which proves to me that the promotion of those objects which 
you consider to be for the best interests of your country is 
paramount in your minds. I most sincerely trust that success 
may attend each and all of your important undertakings, for 


they are designed to promote the prosperity of a people who, 
quick to grapple with the difficulties of science and always 
ready to take advantage of the benefits of commerce, are neces- 
sarily dependent to a large extent on highly taught and scien- 
tific agriculture." 

Later in the day the Prince went to see for himself the condition 
of some of the poorest parts of the city. His kindly sympathetic 
manners towards the poor, and the minute acquaintance which he 
showed with the whole subject of the housing of the labouring 
classes, in all the details of construction and sanitation, were the 
theme of universal surprise and admiration. Of this inspection of 
the "slums" a reporter at the time said, " The visit of the Prince 
to these parts of the city was not publicly announced. But the 
people were not long in discovering who their visitor was. He 
had come among them with his eldest son, unattended by any 
guard, and the event showed that his confidence was not mis- 
placed. Cheers and welcomes and every outward demonstration 
of loyal good feeling attended him along his whole course. It 
was a reception which had been well earned, and it will certainly 
not be the least pleasant recollection which the Prince will carry 
back when his Irish visit is at an end." 

The proceedings on the 10th of April were as many and as 
laborious as those of the preceding day. The first duty was the 
reception of addresses from various public bodies. There were no 
fewer than thirty different addresses, presented by deputations of 
five persons for each. They were received by the Prince, who 
wore the Order of St. Patrick. The Princess of Wales was on his 
left, and Prince Albert Victor on her left. All the addresses were 
handed in succession to the Prince, without being read, which 
would have occupied too much time, and then the deputations were 
requested to approach the dai<, when the Prince, in clear expressive 
tones, read the following reply : 

" Your Graces, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I have thought 
it more for your convenience, as well as more within the com- 
pass of my ability, that I should, with your permission, make a 
general reply to the many kind addresses with which you have 
honoured me, and copies of which have already by your courtesy 
been before me, than that I should attempt a separate reply to 
each. I feel myself highly honoured by having been welcomed 
in this historic hall by so many bodies representing so many 
and so varied interests as you do. Leaders of local adminis- 
trations, heads of religious communities, representatives of 
learning and art, philanthropy and education, you have one and 
all greeted me with the kindness and good_will which has made 


a deep impression upon me, and which I never shall forget. 
You have alluded in terms of loyalty, which have much grati- 
fied me, to your attachment to the Constitution, and have 
expressed in a manner which I will not fail to communicate to 
the Queen your devotion to Her Majesty. 

"In varied capacities, and by widely different paths, you 
pursue those great objects which, dear to you, are, believe me, 
dear also to me the prosperity and progress of Ireland, the 
welfare and happiness of her people. That many difficulties 
from time to time impede you I can well understand. Such is- 
the natural course of events. But I am glad to be able to 
gather from your addresses that you are advancing steadily 
towards the goal which you have in view. From my heart I 
wish you success, and I would that time and my own powers 
would permit me to explain fully and in detail the deep interest 
which I feel not only in the welfare of this great Empire at 
large, but in the true happiness of those several classes of the 
community on whose behalf you have come here to-day. You 
have referred to the Princess of Wales, who has accompanied 
me on this occasion, and for her I thank you for your welcome 
to a country, of the past visits to which we have pleasant re- 
collections, and where we hope in future, as we have in the 
past, to spend happy days." 

The several deputations listened with great interest to the 
reply, and at the close gave expression to their pleasure in cordial 

The next event set down in the programme of the day was one 
to which great national importance is attached namely, that of 
laying the foundation stone of the new Museum of Science and Art 
in connection with South Kensington. Elaborate preparations had 
been made for it, and the grounds at each side of Leinster House, 
which is to be the central building, were adorned with gay flags 
and fitted up with stands, from which the entry of the Eoyal 
party and the ceremonial it-elf could be seen. A guard of honour, 
contributed by the Cornwall Begiment, with their band, was 
stationed on Leinster Lawn, opening upon Merrion Square, through 
which the Eoyal party entered. On the route from the Castle to 
Leinster House, the streets were everywhere densely crowded, and 
the houses decorated. An open passage for the procession was 
kept by the police without any difficulty, the populace behaving 
with exemplary decorum. The Prince and Princess acknowledged 
most graciously the enthusiastic greetings of the crowds, which 
were largely composed of the working classes. The first stone 


having been duly laid, and a statement having been made by Pro- 
fessor Ball of the objects of the new " Museum of Science and Art, 
and of the National Library of Ireland," the Prince replied : 

" Mr. Ball, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I thank you heartily 
on behalf of the Princess of Wales and myself for the very cordial 
welcome which you have given us to-day. It is peculiarly 
satisfactory to me to have been able to take part in the inter- 
esting ceremony of laying the foundation stone upon which the 
superstructure of the new museum will, I hope, before long be 
built. It gratified me to learn of the action which the Science 
and Art Department had taken in reference to this museum, 
and to observe the support which that action received both 
from the Eoyal Dublin Society and from the Eoyal Irish 
Academy. It is by a united movement such as this that diffi- 
culties are overcome and success made possible of attainment. 
I am glad to think that the two great societies I have named 
have combined to smooth the way for an institute which will, I 
trust, be useful to a large number of the people of Ireland. I 
hope some day to see in full working order the institution of 
which the first stone has been laid this afternoon. When this 
is so, the magnificent collections, which have obtained a wide 
reputation, will be open to a public thoroughly capable of 
appreciating their merit and deriving advantages from their 
amalgamation under one roof. The Museum will worthily face 
the great library, where the efforts of a State Department have 
been successfully combined with a movement originated by the 
the citizens, and supported out of the rates, the object of which 
is to give free facilities for reading and study to the people of 
this metropolis. I am glad to have been assisted to-day by the 
councils of the great societies to which I have referred. To 
them, as well as to the visitors of the Museum, and the trustees 
of the National Library, I offer my warm thanks for the kind- 
ness of their reception, as well as for the opportunity they have 
given me for sharing in a movement calculated to make 
Leinster House even more worthy than heretofore of the pride 
of the Irish nation, and the admiration of literary and scientific 
bodies throughout the world." 

After leaving the Leinster House the Eoyal and Viceregal 
parties drove to the Eoyal University, where another interesting 


ceremony was performed. The hall of the University was crowded 
with a brilliant concourse of graduates and spectators. Their 
Boyal Highnesses and the Lord Lieutenant and Countess Spencer 
were met by the Chancellor, the Duke of Abercorn, and the Vice- 
Chancellor, Lord Emly. After their Eoyal Highnesses had robed 
they were conducted to the hall. After all had taken their seats 
in the hall, a formal announcement was made by Dr. Meredith 
that the Senate had resolved to confer the degree of Doctor of Laws 
honoris causa upon His Eoyal Highness Albert Edward Prince of 
Wales, and also the degree of Doctor of Music honoris causa upon 
Her Eoyal Highness Alexandra Princess of Wales, and that their 
Eoyal Highnesses had been graciously pleased to intimate that 
they would accept those degrees. The announcement was received 
with loud applause by the assembly. The Chancellor then read 
and presented an address to the Prince, offering a respectful 
welcome and homage to His Eoyal Highness and his august 
consort. It also referred to the success of the University. 

The degrees having been conferred, the Prince rose and 
said : 

" My Lord Duke, my Lords, and Gentlemen of the Senate of 
the Eoyal University, I am very grateful to you for the 
manner in which you have received us in this hall, and on 
behalf of the Princess of Wales and myself I thank you for the 
kind welcome with which you have greeted us. The higher 
education of the people is a subject in which I learnt from my 
lamented father to take a great interest. It is a question to 
the solution of which your labours, I am happy to think, have 
contributed much. Though no considerable time has elapsed 
since the foundation of the Royal University, it has already had 
a marked effect among those people of this country who are 
especially open to the influence of a University career. I shall 
value the degree which you have conferred upon me, and I am 
proud to rank myself among the graduates of a University, the 
advantages of which I am happy to hear from you that all 
classes of the community avail themselves of. 

" By the admission of women to your degrees you have sup- 
ported the view that the gentler sex are capable, not only of 
severe competition in science, but of enjoying the benefits and 
using the power which a well-considered scientific education 
bestows. It gratified me to learn that you were willing to 
confer upon the Princess of Wales the degree of Doctor of 
Music, which, Her Eoyal Highness wishes me to state on her 


behalf, she has received with pleasure not only because she felt 
that it was an honour to herself, but because she wished to show 
her approval of her action of the ladies of Ireland in accepting 
the facilities and advantages which you have offered to them. 
In Her Eoyal Highness's name and in my own, I thank you 
for the honour you have done me, and for the kindness with 
which you have received us to-day." 

The Prince's speech was received with great cheering. The 
proceedings concluded with the National Anthem. The Eoyal 
and Viceregal parties returned to Dublin Castle amid renewed 
greetings from the citizens who still waited in the streets to 
see them. 

Some of the incidents of the Royal visit must be passed over 
with simple mention, the Levee held by the Prince, the Drawing- 
room held by the Princess, and the State Ball given by the Lord 
Lieutenant, of which it was said at the time that "no scene so 
animated and attractive has been witnessed in Dublin Castle 
since the former visit of their Royal Highnesses to Ireland." The 
opening of the new dock at the extremity of the North Wall 
attested the progress that has been made in the Port of Dublin, 
accommodation being now provided for shipping of the largest class. 
The Prince congratulated the " Port and Docks Board " on the 
completion of this work, and the Princess performed the ceremony 
of opening and christening the new basin, which is called the 
Alexandra Basin in commemoration of the event. 

This took place on Saturday, the llth of April. On the same 
day the Royal visitors inspected the Artane Industrial School, 
with its workshops and farms, and its probationary institution for 
the very young, a truly beneficent work carried on by the 
Christian Brothers. The Artane institution is one of the best of 
its class. The Government contribute 5*. a week for each boy 
trained there, the rest of the cost being provided by charitable 
donations, and the profits of the workshops. 

Having described the visit to the Royal University, that to 
Trinity College must not be omitted. The reception was one of 
most enthusiastic loyalty. In the hall a vast assembly awaited 
the entrance of their Royal Highnesses, consisting of the members 
of the Senate, Fellows, Professors, and invited visitors. An 
address was read by the Vice-Chancellor, in which, reference was 
made to the former visit of the Prince, when his name was enrolled 
among those of adopted sons of the alma mater. The Prince made 
appropriate reply for himself and for the Princess, and at the close 
of his speech asked the Provost, Dr. Jellett, to grant the under- 
graduates a term. " I cannot," added the Prince, " ask for the 
degree examination, but perhaps you will grant the college 
examination." To the request so graciously made, the Provost 


said that the Board of Trinity College acceded. The cheers from 
the undergraduates as the Royal visitors passed into the hall had 
been enthusiastic, and were if possible more fervent as they 
left the College. 

The last function performed by the Prince before leaving 
Dublin was presenting new colours to the Cornwall Eegiment, 
then in garrison at Dublin. The ceremony took place in the 
Castle Gardens. The corps mustered 800 strong, under Colonel 
Stabb, the commanding officer. The Prince wore his Field 
Marshal's uniform, and his son that of the Norfolk Artillery 
Volunteers. The usual routine on such occasions was followed, 
after which the Prince addressed the regiment which had formed 
up close around the group of officers among whom he stood. 

" Colonel Stabb, Officers, Non-commissioned Officers, and 
Men of the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, I consider it 
a high honour to be permitted to present new colours to such a 
distinguished regiment as that under your command one which 
ever since it was raised in 1704 has had as brilliant a record of 
services in the field as any regiment in Her Majesty's service. 
You first served with the great Duke of Marlborough in 
Flanders, and then in America. Dettingen is the first name 
inscribed on your colours. In the great Peninsular War you 
especially distinguished yourselves, and suffered heavy losses 
at Corunna and Salamanca. At Quatre Bras and Waterloo 
you lost more than any other corps engaged, and the gallant 
Sir Thomas Picton was killed at the head of your regiment. 
Your next service was in India, where you took part in the 
Punjab campaign. Later, in 1857, you gallantly distinguished 
yourselves in the suppression of the Indian Mutiny, and 
gallantly held the Residency of Lucknow during its defence 
from June till November. You were on that occasion com- 
manded by Brigadier-General Inglis, who for those services was 
created a Major-General and a Knight Commander of the Bath, 
while you received the honour of being made Light Infantry. 
You, Colonel Stabb, are, I believe, the only officer of the regiment 
present who served during the Mutiny. When some years ago 
I visited the remains of the Residency of Lucknow, my attention 
was especially called to the services of this regiment. On your 
return the Queen and my father inspected the regiment and 
personally thanked the officers, non-commissioned officers and 
men for their gallant conduct at Lucknow, and I feel doubly 


proud as their son to have the honour of presenting these new 
colours to you to-day. The latest records on your colours are 
Egypt and Tel-el- Kebir. A second battalion, at this moment 
serving in the Soudan, has recently been added to you, which, 
with the Eoyal Cornwall Eangers Militia, of which I am the 
honorary Colonel, and the two Volunteer battalions, make up 
the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. From the title I bear 
I am simply proud to be thus connected with this fine regiment. 
In confiding these colours to your care I feel that the honour 
of your Sovereign and your country will ever be before you as 
on former occasions, and that in the future, as in the past, 
the roll of honourable distinction of your colours will ever 

Colonel Stabb, in the name of all the officers and men of the 
regiment, thanked His Eoyal Highness for the great honour he 
had done them in presenting the colours, and said he could not do 
better than express a fervent hope, which he did with a great deal 
of confidence, that the regiment would as faithfully defend the 
new colours as they did their colours at Waterloo and Lucknow. 
He was sure the honour would be appreciated by the battalions of 
the regiment, and he tendered to His Royal Highness their 
grateful thanks. 

On the afternoon of the 13th the Prince and Princess started 
from the Kingsbridge Station for Cork. At Mallow there were 
signs that the visit to the South might not be without unpleasant 
incidents. A loyal address was presented at the station, but 
Mr. O'Brien and other Home Rule leaders had brought a number 
of Nationalists with bands, to disturb the unanimity of welcome. 
The rioters had to be ejected by the Constabulary. At Cork there 
were similar attempts at hostile demonstration, but it was shown 
only by the lowest rabble, and at the instigation of the political 
agitators. The patriots of the present time are of immeasurably 
lower type than Daniel O'Connell, even when he was most zealous 
for Repeal of the Union. He was always loyal as well as patriotic, 
and however bitter in words, he was always a gentleman in his 
actions. Whatever may be the views as to politics, the men who 
could incite their followers to insult the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, whose hearts are full of sympathy and love for Ireland, are 
unworthy the name of Irishmen. At Cork, several of the Home 
Rule members urged the people to resent the visit of the Royal 
party as a degradation to their city. At Dundalk on the same 
day, Mr. Redmond, M.P., addressing a meeting of the National 
League, " expressed his joy at the difficulty of England with the 
Soudan and Afghanistan. He hoped that the Russian bear would 
soon stick his claw into the British lion. He was sorry that the 


Prince of Wales was not there to see what the real feeling of the 
Irish people was, instead of scampering about the country attended 
by military and police and bloody Earl Spencer." 

In spite of a few jarring notes of this kind, the reception of 
the Prince and Princess in Ireland was worthy of the warm and 
hospitable character of the Irish Nation. Another proof was 
given that the disaffection is only temporary and partial, and due 
to the malignant influence of those who delude the ignorant with 
false representations. No one understands this better than the 
Prince of Wales, than whom the people of Ireland have no truer 

June 9th, 1885. 

As one of the Trustees of the British Museum, the Prince of Wales 
was requested to represent them on the occasion of the unveiling of 
the statue of Charles Darwin, in the entrance-hall of the Museum of 
Natural History, now at South Kensington. The ceremony of un- 
veiling was performed by Professor Huxley, whose address, after 
brief reference to the high claims of the author of ' The Origin of 
Species,' and other works of enduring fame, gave a statement as to 
the history of the memorial statue. Then addressing the Prince 
as representing the Trustees, he was requested to accept the 
statue from the Darwin Memorial Committee. 
The Prince, in reply, said : 

" I consider it to be a high privilege to have been deputed 
by the unanimous wish of my colleagues, the Trustees of the 
British Museum, to accept, in their names, the gift which you 
have offered us on behalf of the Committee of the Darwin 
Memorial. The Committee and subscribers may rest assured 
that we have most willingly assigned this honourable place to 
the statue of the great Englishman who has exerted so vast an 
influence upon the progress of those branches of natural know- 
ledge, the advancement of which is the object of the vast col- 
lection gathered here. It has given me much pleasure to learn 
that the memorial has received so much support in foreign 
countries, and it may be regarded as cosmopolitan rather than 
merely national ; while the fact that persons of every condition 
of life have contributed to it affords remarkable evidence of the 
popular interest in the discussion of scientific problems. A 


memorial to which all nations and all classes of society have 
contributed cannot be more fitly lodged than in our Museum, 
which though national is open to all the world, and the resources 
of which are at the disposal of every student of Nature, what- 
ever his condition or his country, who enters our doors." 

July 4th, 1885. 

THIS institution was founded in 1825, by Dr. Birkbeck, a zealous 
educationist of that time, for promoting learning, chiefly among 
the middle and working classes, by opening evening classes, and 
establishing lectures and other means of instruction. The old 
building having become insufficient in its accommodation, a new 
edifice was erected near Chancery Lane, of which the foundation 
stone was laid, in 18H3, by the late Duke of Albany. To open 
this new building the Prince and Princess of Wales came, on the 
4th of July, 1885. 

A loyal address having been presented by Mr. Birkbeck, M.I'., 
one of the trustees, the Prince thus replied : 

" I thank you for the loyal address which you have presented 
to me, and would express the heartfelt satisfaction which I 
experience in visiting an institution with which my lamented 
brother's name will ever be associated. You have referred to 
his touching words when laying the foundation stone of this 
building, and I am reminded that on that memorable occasion 
he stated that he had lent his aid to an enterprise on the 
accomplishment of which he would be able to look back with 
feelings of satisfaction and pride ! It was not permitted to him 
to see this noble structure in its finished state, but I rejoice to 
know that prior to the great calamity which befell us he had 
received an intimation that the building was approaching 

" I observe with pleasure the names of the distinguished 
contributors to the building fund, and I rejoice that the Queen 
has shown her interest in an institution which met with the 
warm support of my revered father. Sixty years ago the Duke 
of Sussex performed the inaugural ceremony of your old build- 
ing ; and it speaks much for the vitality of your institution 


that after so lengthened a period a member of my family should 
be again invited to declare a building open so extensive as this 
one, the erection of which has been absolutely demanded by 
the expansion of your work. An institution in which provi- 
sion is made for 6000 students, and to which both sexes are 
invited, must exert a very beneficial influence on the young 
men and women of the Metropolis, for whose mental advance- 
ment it has been erected. Many of the students in the old 
building have worthily distinguished themselves, and it behoves 
those who partake of the greater advantages of the new insti- 
tution to emulate the noble examples which have been set by 
their predecessors. 

" The movement initiated by Dr. George Birkbeck was a 
very remarkable one, and the foundation of the old institution 
was an event of historic importance. We are informed that 
this movement has spread not only throughout the Kingdom, 
but that its ramifications have extended to different parts of the 
world, and the presence to-day of representatives of our Colonies 
is to me one of the most interesting features of the proceedings. 
The success of Dr. Birkbeck's work is to be traced in the fact 
that, in the words of Professor Tyndall, ' it responded at the 
proper time to a national need, and to a need of human nature/ 

"This institution has anticipated some of the beneficent 
movements of the age, and by its technical instruction, and 
the admission of both sexes to its advantages, has exerted a very 
powerful influence for good. With a vitality so potent we may 
look forward to the time when even this extensive building will 
be insufficient for your needs. It is a subject for congratula- 
tion that the institutions which by the establishment of the 
Birkbeck Institution have been called into existence are being 
so wisely adapted to the requirements of the age, and are exert- 
ing by their development such a beneficent influence among 
the people at large. I desire to thank you most heartily for 
the kind welcome you have given us here this afternoon, and I 
earnestly hope that this great institution will continue to 
flourish, and that we may hear from time to time of its in- 
creasing prosperity. 

" This building, which will be regarded as a memorial of my 
dear brother's devotion to the great cause of education, I have 


now the gratification to declare open, and, in his words, ' to 
dedicate it to those noble uses which it is intended to serve/ " 

The thanks of the audience to the Prince were proposed by the 
Lord Mayor, and seconded by Sir Charles Tupper, High Commis- 
sioner for Canada. 

July 5th, 1884. 

Ax the ninth triennial festival of the Eailway Guards' Universa.1 
Friendly Society, held at Willis's Booms, July 5th, 1884, the 
Prince of Wales presided. A large number of directors and lead- 
ing men connected with the railway companies were among the 
company. In giving or responding to the usual loyal toasts, His 
Eoyal Highness, in a very grateful and gracious way, took the 
opportunity of expressing his warm sense of the uniform atten- 
tion shown to the Queen, and also to himself and the Princess of 
Wales, during their very frequent journeys, by the directors and 
all the officials and servants of the various railway companies. 
Everything was done for their safety and comfort, and he wished 
thus publicly to acknowledge his appreciation of what was done. 

In giving the toast of the evening, " Prosperity to the Eailway 
Guards' Universal Friendly Society," the Prince said : 

" We are to-day celebrating the ninth triennial festival of this 
Society, in aid of the ' Permanent Sick and Injured, and 
Widows and Orphans' Fund,' and I think all will agree with 
me that there is no charity which better deserves the attention 
and support of the public than this one. That it has already 
received such support is apparent to us from the length of time 
it has existed, but like all other great institutions of the kind 
in our country, the money which is required is, also, greatly in 
excess of that which is at their disposal to meet the actual 
necessities which arise. 

" No public servants, I think, more deserve our sincere sym- 
pathy and support than the guards of our railway trains. It is 
obvious to all of us who have to travel constantly on railways 
how much our safety depends on their industry, their vigilance, 
their sobriety, and their discipline ; and it is very gratifying to 
know that we may confidently rely on finding these qualities in 
them. Knowing what they have to go through, their exposure 


to all weathers and to risks of all kinds ; remembering how 
much they have to be away from their homes and their families, 
it seems to me that we have hardly the right to expect to 
obtain from them their valuable services unless we in some 
measure mitigate their sufferings in sickness and from accident, 
and unless in case of death we do something for the mainte- 
nance of their widows and orphans. The Society was founded 
in June, 1849, and is one of the oldest societies in existence 
designed for the benefit of railway employes, and may be said 
to represent every line in the United Kingdom. It consists of 
forty-eight districts at the present time, situated at the prin- 
cipal railway stations throughout the country, from London to 
Inverness. In addition to the usual advantages offered by 
friendly societies the ordinary sick and death benefits this 
society possesses two special features adapted to the require- 
ments of railway guards, who are exposed to very great risks 
from accidents. These objects are : 1st, a liberal provision for life 
for all those members who may become permanently disabled, 
either from injuries or constitutional causes ; 2nd, annuities for 
the widows and orphans of deceased members. Other institu- 
tions, if they attempt to provide these exceptional benefits, 
only do so to a limited extent, and the members to whom they 
are granted are elected as vacancies occur ; but the policy of 
this society has always been to provide these great blessings for 
all who are so unfortunate as to require them ; and, notwith- 
standing that statistics show that guards run greater risks than 
other classes of railway servants, the contributions of the 
members themselves have been so largely supplemented by the 
generous support accorded by the public generally, that the 
society up to the present time has been able to carry out this 
fundamental principle." 

The greater portion of the speech of His Koyal Highness con- 
sisted of statistics of a most interesting kind, both as to the vast 
extent of railway travelling, the number of trains, of passengers, 
of railway employes, at that time numbering 357,650. All these 
statistics, as obtained from the returns of the Board of Trade, and 
also the number of persons killed or injured, especially those 
employed on the lines, were presented with admirable clearness to 
the audience, and were heard with great interest; but the 
statistics are not the same now, and are therefore not here given. 

T 2 


The Prince concluded with an earnest appeal for help to the 
institution for which he pleaded. The appeal was liberally 
responded to, the subscriptions amounting to 3383, including a 
hundred guineas from the Royal Chairman, which has been his 
generous custom at the close of most of the charitable meetings 
for objects which have had the advantage of his support and 

It ought to be added that the Prince had already presided at a 
festival of the " Eailway Benevolent Association," where he spoke 
with equal warmth and sympathy for all classes of railway servants. 
There are now other institutions with similar objects, partly 
provident and partly benevolent, and it is an excellent kind of 
charity. The directors of companies do their part, and, where 
there is any just cause, can be made to do more, under the 
Employers' Liability Act. For unavoidable accidents the men 
themselves contribute their money, on the principle of mutual 
insurance, but there is need also for more of the benevolent gifts 
of those who travel by rail. 

July 13th, 1885. 

ON the 8th of July, 1872, the Prince of Wales, as President of 
St. Bartholomew's Hospital, formally opened a new Convalescent 
Home, in connection with that Hospital. This was an institution 
much needed at the time, and its advantages had long been urged 
on the Governors by Mr. Foster White, the Treasurer. At several 
existing Homes, such as at Walton-on-Thames, and Bognor, 
patients from St. Bartholomew's had been received, but it was 
desirable to have an establishment of its own, and conducted by 
its own officers. The carrying out of this scheme would require 
large expenditure, and a suitable building could not be provided 
for a considerable time. A temporary home was obtained at 
Highgate, through the generous munificence of Sir Sydney 
Waterlow, one of the Governors of the Hospital. He presented as 
a free gift the lease, for several years, of Lauderdale House, a 
mansion with many historical associations, somewhat old, but with 
every convenience for use as a temporary home for convalescent 
patients, and so it continued for thirteen years. On the 13th of 
July, 1885, the Prince, accompanied by the Princess of Wales, 
and the Princesses Louise, Victoria, and Maude, visited Swanley, 
in Kent, to open the permanent Home, erected through the 
generosity of Mr. Charles T. Kettlewell, one of the Governors of 
the Hospital. It is a spacious building, with accommodation 
for forty-five male and twenty-five female patients, standing in 


the middle of beautiful grounds, comprising an area of fifteen 

Their Royal Highnesses having taken their places on the dais at 
the end of a tent, Sir Sydney Water-low, who had for several years 
given the use of Lauderdale House at Highgate, read an address, 
which gave a summary of the facts relating to the new institution. 
Besides the gift of 15,000 by Mr. Kettlewell for the building, an 
anonymous donor, a governor of the Hospital, contributed 500 for 
the site; Mr. Homan, another governor, and Mrs. Homan had built 
a chapel and provided its furniture and communion plate ; and 
Sir James Tyler had given an organ to the chapel, and built the 
lodge at the entrance of the grounds. 

Sir Sydney having finished his address, the Prince of Wales 
said : 

" Sir Sydney Waterlow, Ladies, and Gentlemen, You have 
given us a most interesting account of the history of the insti- 
tution you wish me to open. I can only say on behalf of the 
Princess of Wales and myself that we are extremely happy to 
have an opportunity of assisting at the inauguration of an in- 
stitution such as this, where the patients ought to feel very 
grateful for the manner in which every plan for their comfort 
has been carried out through the munificence of Mr. Kettlewell. 
Nothing can be of greater importance than that convalescent 
homes such as this should exist, especially in connection with 
large hospitals such as St. Bartholomew's. The spot now 
chosen, with its healthy aspect and beautiful scenery, will, I am 
sure, meet all requirements. It affords me great pleasure to be 
here to-day, and I feel proud to be the president of such an 
institution as St. Bartholomew's, and to be able to assist Sir 
Sydney Waterlow, who takes such interest in, and devotes so 
much of his time and energies to, the prosperity of the hospital. 
I bave great satisfaction in declaring the home to be now open." 

The ceremony over, the Eev. S. Kettlewell, who had offered the 
dedicatory prayer, and his son, Mr. C. T. Kettlewell, donor of the 
building, were presented to the Prince of Wales by Sir Sydney 
Waterlow. Before leaving, the Royal party visited the home, and 
also inspected the adjacent laundry buildings which have been 
erected for use as a washing establishment for St. Bartholomew's 


July 15th, 1885. 

THE Yorkshire College at Leeds is one of the most important and 
useful of the educational institutions that have in recent times been 
established. Commencing in 1874 on a comparatively small scale, 
it has gradually grown to be a great school, not for technical and 
scientific training only, but for all departments of study. The 
staff of the College includes professors of mathematics, physics, chem- 
istry, engineering, and various branches of industrial teaching ; 
and also of classics, history, and modern literature, and languages. 
The celebrated Leeds School of Medicine has been affiliated to the 
College. For special departments of practical instruction provision 
has been made, the Cloth workers' Company of London undertaking 
to support that which pertains to textile industries, and the 
Drapers' Company that of colliery management and mining engi- 
neering. Workshops, laboratories, lecture rooms, and other pre- 
mises, are connected with the College, the buildings of which were 
designed by Mr. Alfred Waterhouse, and commenced in 1877, when 
the foundation stone was laid by the Archbishop of York. The 
friends of the College have contributed not less than 200,000 to 
bring it to its present condition. To inaugurate this great institu- 
tion the Prince and Princess of Wales visited Leeds on the 15th of 
July, 1885. 

On arriving at Leeds from Studley, the seat of Lord Eipon, their 
Royal Highnesses were received by the Mayor and Corporation, and 
conducted to the Town Hall, which was opened by the Queen and 
the Prince Consort in 1858. An address being read by the Town 
Clerk, the Prince replied : 

"Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, I receive with the greatest 
pleasure the address which you have just presented to me, and 
the Princess of Wales joins me in thanking you most sincerely 
for your kind words of welcome. Coming from the civic 
authorities of one of our greatest industrial centres these 
expressions are a proof, if any were required, that the popula- 
tion of this country remains true in its appreciation of the 
value of our time-honoured institutions, in devotion to the 
Queen, and in attachment to the Royal Family. I rejoice to 
learn from your address that the visits of the members of my 
family at various times to this great city have been attended 
with beneficial results, and have contributed in some degree to 
its welfare and prosperity, and to the development of the many 


useful institutions for which Leeds is so justly famous. Al- 
though it has pleased the Almighty to remove some of my 
dearest and most gifted relations from the scene of their labours, 
I can assure you that their survivors will always be ready to 
encourage by their presence and assistance the foundation and 
advancement of such institutions as the one which we are 
brought together to-day to inaugurate. It will be a source of 
sincere gratification to me to convey to the Queen your ex- 
pressions of loyal devotion, and I can assure you that they will 
be highly appreciated by Her Majesty." 

An address from the Leeds Masonic lodges was also received and 
responded to, after which their Eoyal Highnesses proceeded to the 
Yorkshire College. Here they were received, in the Cloth workers' 
Court, by the Marquis of Eipon, President of the College and 
Chairman of the Council, Sir Edward Baines, Sir Andrew Fair- 
bairn, Mr. Beckett Denison, and other distinguished persons. Depu- 
tations of the London Companies, the Mayors of several Yorkshire 
boroughs, and Yorkshire Members of Parliament ; the Principal 
and Professors of the College ; and a numerous company had 
assembled. Prayer was offered by the Archbishop of York ; an 
address was read by Professor Bodington, the Principal. Sir 
Kdward Baines made a statement as to the origin and growth of 
the College, in which he said that he must mention a feature of the 
College which, so far as he knew, was original and highly useful. 
Their professors had always been ready to deliver popular scientific 
lectures on extremely moderate terms, and those lectures had 
proved very attractive, but recently they bad undertaken, in addi- 
tion, to give scientific instruction to the numerous teachers of 
elementary schools on Saturdays and several evenings of the week, 
and thus they not only conferred a boon on the teachers, but quali- 
fied them to impart the elements of science to their scholars. A 
double advantage was realized to several hundreds of teachers and 
to thousands of scholars of elementary schools. The scholars were 
by these means introduced to such a knowledge of the elements of 
science as would qualify them to become useful members of 
mechanics' institutes, and might in many cases implant a taste for 
higher attainments than had been looked for either in the school or 
the institute. 

The Prince of Wales replied as follows to the address read by 
the Principal : 

"My Lords and Gentlemen, We have received your ad- 
dresses with feelings of extreme gratification, and it affords us 
sincere pleasure to be present here to-day, and to be able to 
take a part in the inaugural ceremony in connection with this 


important and useful institution. I have for a long time been 
deeply impressed with the advisability of establishing in our 
great centres of population colleges and schools, not only for 
promoting the intellectual advancement of the people, but also, 
as you have very justly observed, for increasing their prosperity 
by furthering the application of scientific knowledge to the 
industrial arts. I rejoice to hear that your laudable endeavours 
have been duly appreciated, and have received liberal support 
from various quarters, and I beg to offer my most hearty con- 
gratulations to the great company of the Clothworkers of the 
City of London for their judicious and liberal encouragement 
of your College an example which, I trust, will ere long find 
many ready followers. We have inspected with considerable 
interest the various lecture-rooms and laboratories over which 
you have conducted us, and we have had much satisfaction in 
acceding to your request to declare this valuable addition to 
the science and art of the country open. I thank you, in con- 
clusion, for your expressions of loyalty and devotion to the 
Queen, which I will not fail to communicate to Her Majesty. 
I declare the Yorkshire College now open." 

This concluded the proceedings in this part of the day's pro- 
gramme, and the company then dispersed. The Royal visitors 
accepted an invitation from the authorities of the College to lun- 
cheon in the Coliseum, which is a newly-erected edifice affording 
much larger and better accommodation than any other building in 
the town for great public gatherings. Besides the invited guests, 
the two tiers of galleries were overcrowded with spectators. The 
Marquis of Ripon, who presided, having proposed the usual loyal 
toasts, the Prince replied as follows : 

"In the name of the Princess and in my own, I beg to 
tender to you, Lord Ripon, our warmest thanks and acknowledg- 
ments for the very kind terms in which you have proposed this 
toast, and to you, ladies and gentlemen, for the way in which 
you have received it. I am anxious to tender to the mayor, as 
the representative of the citizens of this large and important 
town, our thanks also for the magnificent and cordial reception 
we have met with to-day, one which we are not likely to forget. 
This is certainly not the first visit I have paid to Leeds, as I 
did so some seventeen years ago, but the pleasure on this 
occasion is enhanced in my eyes as the Princess has been able 


to accompany me. The mayor also alluded to the fact that the 
visit of the Queen and of my lamented father had not been 
forgotten, and we were glad to visit that very Town Hall which 
they opened some twenty-six or twenty-seven years ago. I 
consider that the object of our visit here is connected in some 
respects with the visit of the Queen and my lamented father, 
as he alluded at that time to the great importance of scientific 
and technical education, and of a great town like this if possible 
taking up the matter. In opening to-day that important and 
useful building, the Yorkshire College, I feel I may in some 
way have followed in his footsteps, by having been the means 
of promoting what is of the greatest importance to our country, 
and what is also of the greatest importance to the success of 
our great commercial enterprises viz., technical and scientific 

" The building which we have visited to-day will always be 
in our recollection one of great interest, and we feel sure that it 
is likely to nourish and be of the greatest importance, and to 
set an example to all the other great towns of the kingdom. 
The rooms we visited, and all the arrangements for learning in 
a scientific and technical manner not only the industries them- 
selves, but their scientific principles, cannot but be productive 
of the greatest good not only now, but in years to come. The 
College has received many great and munificent donations, which 
will be read out later on, but I may mention the names of Sir 
Andrew Fairbairn, the Duke of Devonshire, and Lord Ripon, 
your President, as having contributed largely to the funds of 
the institution. I must say also that those who are interested 
in the College owe a deep debt of gratitude to the Cloth workers' 
Company of the City of London, for the magnificent donations 
which they have given are a proof of the importance of this 
institution. They have also shown their interest in it, and 
their belief that it is certain to be successful." 

His Royal Highness then referred to the importance attached 
to music in Yorkshire, and to the great interest he had taken 
in the Royal College of Music. He remarked that he thought 
the promotion of that art would materially benefit all classes 
in this country. Towards that College he knew nearly 1000 
was collected in Leeds, but that unfortunately was insufficient 


to endow a scholarship, but if the president and directors of the 
Yorkshire College could see their way at some future time to 
add music to the list of subjects taught he felt sure they would 
not in years to come regret it, and that it would be of great 
benefit to the people of Leeds. 

Before proceeding with the toast he had the privilege to 
propose, " Prosperity to the Yorkshire College," with which he 
could not help feeling that he must associate the health of Lord 
Ripon. He felt that they would wish him to say a word with 
regard to its former president, one who was distinguished and 
lovable in every sense of the word, and who was carried off by 
the hand of the assassin in the midst of health and life. That 
was indeed matter for thought and reflection, and he felt sure 
that every Yorkshireman deeply regretted the death of Lord 
Frederick -Cavendish. In his successor, however, they had 
found one who had occupied some of the most important offices 
which could be held under the Crown, and who, having liimself 
been President of the Council on Education, was well fitted to 
hold the high office which he now did. He therefore called on 
them to drink with him, " Prosperity to the Yorkshire College," 
with which he had the greatest pleasure in coupling the name 
of their president, Lord Eipon. 

The Chairman, in acknowledging the warmth with which the 
toast was honoured, alluded with pride to the position the College 
had in ten years won. He hoped they would place the crown upon 
their work by coming into union with the Victoria University at 

January 12th, 1886. 

AFTER the sad tidings of the death of General Gordon at Khartoum 
had been confirmed, there was a universal desire to connect his 
name with some national memorial. Tributes of honour were 
paid to him by the leaders of both parties in Parliament, and a 
grant was voted for a public monument, in the form of a statue, 
which is now seen in Trafalgar Square. But a desire was felt for 
some other memorial, and after much consideration the most 
suitable was thought to be an institution for training boys of the 


class in whose welfare he took deep personal interest. This was 
the origin of the Gordon Boys' Home, first located at Fort 
Wallington, Fareham, and now having its permanent site at West 
End, Chobham. 

From the time of the first suggestion of a memorial the Prince 
of Wales took the most active interest in the matter. He attended 
the early meetings of the committee formed to carry out the 
proposal, and moved the first resolution for a memorial at the 
Mansion House on May 30th, 1885. At that time the idea was to 
found a hospital at Port Said, but this scheme was not carried 
out. There seemed to be difiiculty in agreeing about some fitter 
memorial, but the committee finally resolved on the establishment 
of the Boys' Home, and the War Office granted the use of Fort 
Wallington to commence the undertaking, for which the funds 
had to be provided by public subscription. In support of this 
fund the Prince of Wales summoned a meeting at Marlborough 
House on the 12th of January, 1886. At this meeting he said 
that "having had the honour of presiding at the meeting of the 
Gordon Memorial Committee in the summer of 1885, he thought it 
desirable, at the beginning of another year, to summon a meeting 
to hear what progress had been made." He told of the appoint- 
ment of Major-General Tyndall, C.B., as commandant, and of his 
commencing the work with a few boys at Fort Wallington, the 
number gradually rising to fifty. The Prince called on Lord 
Napier of Magdala to say a few words in addition to the formal 
report which was read. 

Lord Napier of Magdala, as Chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee, then presented the report of the progress made in the 
establishment of the Gordon Memorial Home. He said that on 
visiting the institution a few days ago he found the boys on parade 
in a neat and appropriate uniform. They looked clean, smart, and 
steady. The dormitories were like soldiers' barrack-rooms, in 
perfect order. The lavatories gave every facility for cleanliness. 
In the kitchen the boys all took a turn in cooking. In the work- 
shops the pupil teachers were undergoing instruction in carpentry 
work. The school was well arranged and the teaching effective. 
In short, the progress of the institution was remarkable, con- 
sidering the short time it had been established, and this was due 
to the organization of General Higginson and the administration 
of General Tyndall and his staff. Nor had the necessity for 
amusement been left unprovided for. The work was done in the 
spirit of the great soldier and Christian whom the institution com- 
memorated, and the results were most gratifying. 

The Prince of Wales said : 

" I feel sure it must be gratifying to all of us to hear the 
statements made by Lord Napier of Magdala of the satisfactory 
manner in which the Gordon Boys' Home is progressing. I 


may also say that all of us are indebted to the great energy 
which Generals Higginson and Tyndall have displayed." 

His Royal Highness then called on General Higginson, who 
pointed out the special advantages to be obtained by the institu- 
tion, where the training would fit the boys for any calling which 
they might choose, if they do not go into the army. He said that 
*' this was a national memorial to a great man. It would be more 
than pitiful if an institution like this were allowed to languish or 
to be cramped in its development. That would lead the world 
to believe that Gordon's memory was forgotten. The one great 
object Gordon had was to help the distressed, and he could not 
imagine that when it was known what work was being done the 
institution would fail for want of funds." 

The Duke of Cambridge made a very earnest and generous 
appeal, and ended by telling the meeting that it was to the Prince 
of Wales that the success of the movement would be mainly due. 
" Gentlemen," said the Duke, " we have had great praise bestowed, 
and justly bestowed, upon my gallant friend Field-Marshal Lord 
Napier of Magdala and upon General Higginson, who have taken 
up this interesting charge; but allow me to remark that there is 
nobody to whom we owe so much as His Royal Highness the Prince 
of Wales. I do not wish to flatter him, but I must say that when 
the Prince takes up a subject he always does so thoroughly and 
well. I do not think there has ever been a subject which he 
has taken up more feelingly and thoroughly than he has taken up 
this Gordon Memorial, and having done honour to those who have 
assisted in the way they have, I think we should do equal honour 
to His Royal Highness, and I therefore beg to move a vote of 
thanks to him for the kind and gracious manner in which he has 
taken up this subject and has presided at this and other meetings." 

The Prince of Wales said : 

"After the kind and nattering remarks which have fallen 
from my illustrious relative I regret to be under the painful 
necessity of calling him to order, but there is a motion which 
has not yet been put to the meeting. At the same time I thank 
him beforehand most sincerely for what he has been good 
enough to say. You all know the very great interest I take in 
this important matter, and I feel sure it is right we should 
bring before the public as much as possible the name of that 
great and distinguished officer and Englishman who is now no 
more. He is not forgotten, but as months and years go by so 
many important events come before the public that sometimes 
other matters naturally are considered more prominent, and 
even a name like General Gordon's might be forgotten for a 


time. I am inclined to think there is nothing that could 
perpetuate his memory in a more satisfactory form in regard to 
his own relations, and what they think he would have wished, 
than this boys' home. I cannot help thinking 'The Gordon 
Boys' Home ' will be ever associated with the name of General 
Charles Gordon. 

" To obtain money is always a difficulty. I do not doubt the 
willingness of the public to give money, but their ability is not 
always so great, and I have a suggestion to make to you which 
may find favour in your eyes. If it is thought desirable that we 
should have a public dinner, I should be happy to take the 
chair. We could invite many to attend and give as much as 
they were able, and I have great hopes that in that way, and 
from speeches that may be made, the subject will be brought 
still more prominently before the public, and that we may do 
more good than by advertising." The resolution " That the 
Institution cannot be developed without larger funds, and it is 
resolved that further effort be made to obtain them," was then 
put to the meeting by His Eoyal Highness and carried. 

The Duke of Cambridge said : " Having made my speech, I will 
not repeat it. I admit I was out of order, but I now beg to move 
a vote of thanks to His Royal Highness for his kindness in 
presiding on this occasion." The motion was seconded by the 
Duke of Norfolk. 

The leading article in the Times on the following day thus 
closed : " There are few benevolent institutions which offer fairer 
promise of good results than the Gordon Boys' Home. But the 
care with which it has been organized and the special sphere 
which it seeks to fill enable us to press with greater confidence its 
peculiar claim to the support of the English public, founded 
upon the fact that it forms a national monument to the memory of 
a great Englishman. The heroism of General Gordon, his betrayal 
by those who utilized his rare personal qualities in the hour of 
their need, and the tragic end of a life of simple devotion to duty 
have been somewhat obscured by the ephemeral contests of the 
passing hour. Looking back over the records of the last few 
months, we are almost reduced to the sad and savage mood of 
Hamlet ' then there's hope a great man's memory may outlive 
his life half a year.' But the memory of Gordon's life and death 
will be a point of light in the history of the Victorian age long 
after the strenuous trifling of our politicians has sunk into 
forgetfulness. In honouring this man of antique mould, this 
Englishman who in a somewhat tricky and small-minded age 


1 could do and dared not lie,' we shall far more honour ourselves ; 
and in munificently endowing a work such as he loved to carry 
out the nation will find itself twice blessed." 

The London office of the Gordon Boys' Home is at 20, Cockspur 
Street, within sight of the statue in Trafalgar Square. 

January 20th, 1886. 

FOR more than half a century, in fact ever since the opening of 
the first English railway, it has been the dream of engineers to 
obtain direct communication between Liverpool and Birkenhead, 
and the Welsh lines. The ferry-boat traffic had been enormous 
and ever increasing, but it little helped the transit of minerals and 
heavy goods. Even since the construction of the great Euncorn 
bridge the land route had been found long and troublesome. It 
was not till 1870 that parliamentary sanction could be obtained to 
make a direct route by tunnelling under the Mersey, but attempts 
to carry out the scheme were not then successful. At length, 
towards the close of 1879, an arrangement was made with Major 
Isaac, and from that time the work was unceasing, above 3000 men 
having been constantly employed. In 1886 the work was 
completed. The importance of the undertaking was recognized, and 
the Prince of Wales was invited to open " The Mersey Tunnel." 
The Princess of Wales was unable to be present, but on the 20th 
of January, 1886, the Prince, with hia sons Prince Albert Victor 
and Prince George, came from Eaton Hall, where they were the 
guests of the Duke of Westminster. 

On his arrival at Birkenhead the Prince was escorted to a dais, 
and an address was read by Mr. Knight, the secretary, on behalf 
of the chairman, Mr. Cecil Kaikes, M.P., and the directors, engineers, 
contractors, and officers of " The Mersey Railway Company." In 
reply His Royal Highness said : 

" Mr. Raikes and Gentlemen, I thank you for your address 
and for the cordial and loyal terms in which you have welcomed 
me here to-day. I experience at all times sincere pleasure 
when circumstances permit me to associate my name with any 
undertaking tending to advance the welfare and convenience of 
the community, and I accepted, therefore, with much satisfac- 
tion your invitation to be present on this interesting occasion to 
assist in the inauguration of a national work of such vast 
importance. An enterprise of this nature is always deserving 


of the warmest support and encouragement, as it not only com- 
pletes the railway system of the district, and thus provides 
constant and easy means of communication between towns of 
such prominence as Liverpool and Birkenhead, but it cannot 
fail also before long to afford material benefit to the millions of 
hands in the neighbouring industrial centres by aiding the more 
rapid development of commercial intercourse. The heartiest 
commendation should, therefore, be bestowed on all engaged in 
the promotion of so great and worthy an object. I fervently 
trust that well-merited success may be the result of your 
labours, and that an ever-increasing prosperity may be your 
reward for the difficulties which you have encountered, and 
which have been mainly overcome by the admirable skill, the 
indomitable patience, and the unceasing and unwearied energy 
which have been displayed by all those who have contributed to 
bring this work to a happy and a triumphant termination. Let 
me convey to you, in conclusion, gentlemen, at the special 
request of the Princess of Wales, the expression of her deep and 
unfeigned regret at having been unavoidably prevented from 
accompanying me here to-day. She begs me to assure you that 
nothing but the imperative orders of the physicians would have 
precluded her from sharing the gratification which I experience 
at taking part in the proceedings which celebrate the consum- 
mation of your most arduous task." 

"When the cheers which greeted the Prince's speech had 
subsided, the Mayor of Birkenhead, Mr. John Laird, was intro- 
duced to His Eoyal Highness, whom he asked to receive an 
address from the Corporation of that town. The Recorder then 
read the address, which remarked " The communication between 
Birkenhead and Liverpool has hitherto been by a ferry, one of the 
most ancient and important in the kingdom, first established at a 
very early period, and conferred by King Edward III., in the year 
1332, on" the Prior and Convent of Birkenhead. It is a happy 
coincidence that your Royal Highness should be present to open 
this new connecting link between the county from which your 
Royal Highness derives the title of Earl of Chester and the Royal 
Duchy of Lancaster." 

His Royal Highness made an appropriate reply, in which he 
said : 

" Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, It has given me, I assure you, 
unfeigned pleasure to have been able to comply with your 


request to receive an address from the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Burgesses of the borough of Birkenhead, and I am confident that 
though you may be one of the youngest of the corporate bodies, 
you equal the oldest in loyalty and in devotion to the Queen 
and the Eoyal Family. The completion of the work which I 
am about to declare open will mark an important era in the 
history of this district, for it will not only afford an improved 
line of communication between two towns of so much conse- 
quence and increasing prosperity as Birkenhead and Liverpool, 
but it will likewise supply the means of easy and ready access 
to the principality of Wales, with its places of picturesque 
beauty and interest, and its numerous health resorts. The 
utility of the undertaking cannot therefore be over-estimated." 

The Koyal party then re-entered tlie train, and after inspecting 
the works at the station the train entered the tunnel, and in four 
minutes reached the James Street Station on the Liverpool side. 
They were raised to the street level by a hydraulic lift, and the 
Prince being conducted to a dais in the waiting hall, said, " I 
declare this station opened." Prolonged cheering greeted the 
announcement, which was continued throughout the route as the 
Princes drove to the Town Hall. In the Council-chamber an 
address was read by the Town Clerk from the Corporation, to 
which the Prince replied, acknowledging cordially the welcome 
given to him, and the kind references to his family, adding: 

"You rightly observe that I am deeply interested in every 
movement that is calculated to tend to the advantage and well- 
being of the people of this country, and it is a great satisfaction 
to me to think that my name will be associated with the 
memorable enterprise which by completing a connecting link 
in our railway system supplies a want that has been long felt 
in this part of the kingdom." 

At the luncheon afterwards given in the ball-room, where 
about 250 guests had been invited, responding to the toast of his 
health, the Prince said that he had received, since his arrival 
in Liverpool, a telegram from the Princess, regretting her 
absence, and saying how deeply she was interested in the pui'pose 
of his visit. He also expressed his thanks for the reference to his 
sons, who were much gratified by the opportunity of visiting this 
great town. 

" I have been engaged to-day, Mr. Mayor, on an interesting 
and important work, which I feel convinced will be a very 


great benefit, not only to the town of Liverpool, but to the vast 
commercial resources of this and surrounding towns. The 
difficulties in making a subterranean or subaqueous railway 
are only too clear. You have hitherto had means of taking 
passengers and goods over the river by steam ferries. I am 
aware that this right has existed a long time I believe as far 
back as the llth century. But it is a remarkable fact that in 
the last year you conveyed across the Mersey, from Birkenhead 
to Liverpool, on the steam ferries 26,000,000 passengers, and 
750,000 tons of goods. You may say, such being the case, why 
do you require to have this tunnel, and to have your railway to 
connect Liverpool and Birkenhead ? The answer is that you 
have to encounter storms, you have to encounter fogs, and you 
have to encounter ice. Both your passengers and your goods 
are very frequently imperilled. Therefore, a great engineering 
scheme of this kind, which will be a very great boon, is one 
deserving of encouragement. Not only will it benefit the 
commerce of the north-west of England, but it will also open up 
a railway system to Wales and that beautiful picturesque 
country with all its health-giving resorts. Great praise is due 
to Major Isaac for the indefatigable manner in which he has 
carried out this work and has found the capital, and we have 
also to recognize the indomitable energies of Mr. Branlees and 
Mr. Fox, the engineers, and I must not forget to mention the 
name of Mr. Waddell, the contractor. At the head of this 
company we find my right hon. friend, Mr. Cecil Eaikes, who 
has had a long experience in railways. Before sitting down, as 
I know there is no time for long speeches, I wish most cordially 
to drink ' Prosperity to the Mersey Eailway,' which I am sure 
you will drink most heartily, and to connect with the toast the 
name of its chairman, Mr. Cecil Eaikes." 

Mr. Eaikes, in responding, said he held it as a most happy omen 
for that great undertaking whose completion they celebrated, that 
the heir to the throne should have come there to take part in 
completing an enterprise which would, he believed, be reckoned as 
one of the most important and interesting of Her Majesty's reign. 
His Eoyal Highness had been good enough to refer especially to 
the connection which was now to be established between 
Liverpool and his principality of Wales. As a resident in that 
principality he could assure His Eoyal Highness that the ex- 



pression of interest would be cordially appreciated and treasured 
by the people of Wales. 

The Prince of Wales said : 

" Ladies and Gentlemen, Although the toast list is closed, I 
have the permission of the Mayor to propose one more toast, 
and I feel sure it is one which will recommend itself to you all, 
as it is the health of the chairman of this entertainment, the 
Mayor. You are aware of the Mayor's great popularity, and 
his deserved popularity ; for have you not re-elected him for a 
second term of office as your Mayor ? I feel that it is difficult 
to praise him in his presence, but at the same time he will 
forgive me if I say that I know how the inhabitants of Liver- 
pool have been grateful to him for the great kindness, generosity, 
and philanthropy he lately evinced at Christmas, when he gave 
that well-known and popular Lancashire dish, the hotchpotch, 
to the poor inhabitants of your town. That kindness will not 
be forgotten by them, and it will be gratifying to him to know 
the good he did and the pleasure he gave on that occasion. As 
for myself, this is not my first visit to Liverpool, and I hope by 
no means it may be my last. I have always been received here 
with the greatest kindness, and I have always looked back to 
my different visits with the greatest pleasure and satisfaction. 
The fact that 100 years ago this town numbered only 40,000 
people, and now, with its suburbs, numbers close upon 700,000, 
speaks for its prosperity. Most cordially do I propose this 
toast, Mr. Mayor, and most sincerely do I wish long life to you, 
and prosperity to your town." 

The Mayor briefly replied, and the proceedings terminated ; the 
Prince and his sons drove in an open carriage to the station, great 
crowds in the streets cheering them, and returned to London. 

March 27th, 1886. 

NOT for the first, nor the second time, the Prince of Wales was 
entertained at the Annual Dinner of the Institution of Civil 
Engineers, on the 27th of March, 1886. The banquet was held on 
this occasion in the hall of Lincoln's Inn, the use of which was 
kindly granted by the Benchers. The Prince was accompanied by 


Prince Albert Victor and the Duke of Cambridge. A very large 
company of distinguished men in various walks of life, as well as the 
leading engineers of the day, were present, about two hundred in all. 

The President, Sir Frederick Bramwell (the President of the 
British Association at Bath in 1888), in giving the usual loyal 
toasts, took occasion to mention that of the Eoyal guests, two, the 
Prince of Wales and the Duke of Cambridge, were honorary 
members of the Institution of Civil Engineers, and he hoped that 
the third wotild before long be added to the list. 

In responding to the toast of" The Prince and Princess of Wales 
and the rest of the Eoyal Family," after expressing his grateful 
thanks, the Prince said : 

" In coming here this evening among you I feel that I am 
not a stranger, as you have paid me the high compliment of 
enrolling me as an honorary member of your Institution. At 
the same time I consider it a high privilege, and I may say a 
high honour, to dine here at this your annual banquet, as I am 
sure no one will gainsay me when I assert that an Institution 
like this is one of the most important in this country, and one 
for which we have the highest respect. I do not know what 
we should do without the civil engineers. How could we cross 
rivers ? How could we go under them ? Where would be the 
roads ? Where would be the railways ? And, perhaps, most 
important of all, where would be those great works of sanitation, 
which are of such vital concern to all countries and to all 
towns ? For all these things are left in your hands. 

" Some years have elapsed since I last had the pleasure of 
dining here, and in the interval I well know that civil engineers 
have not been idle. I may just mention a few works which 
have come under my own observation, not only in this country 
but in India, works which have been carried out by civil engi- 
neers, though all may not, perhaps, be members of this Institu- 
tion. The first that occurs to me is the new Eddystone Light- 
house, of which I myself had the pleasure to assist in placing 
the first stone. Then there are those great works which will 
be handed down to posterity and of which civil engineers will 
ever be proud I refer to the Mersey and Severn Tunnels. The 
former work I had the great pleasure of opening two months 
ago. Then comes the Forth Bridge, not yet completed ; I visited 
the works two years ago, and I hope in two, or at most three 
years we may see the great bridge in working order. While 

u 2 


referring to these great works, which will always remain me- 
mentoes of the ability of the civil engineers of our time, I must 
not forget to allude to a more distant evidence of engineering 
skill viz., the Alexandra Bridge in India, which was built 
over the Paver Chenab, and which I had the good fortune to 
open now ten years ago. 

" I might speak for a long time if I detailed all the important 
works constructed by civil engineers that I have seen, and 
especially if I were to mention also a string of illustrious names 
familiar to every one. But I shall abstain from doing so now, 
first because, as you hear, my voice is not very good, and in the 
second place because it has been agreed upon that there are not 
to be any very long speeches. It is my satisfaction now before 
sitting down to propose a toast which I am sure will be most 
gratefully and sympathetically received by the company, and 
that is ' The Health of your President, Sir Frederick Brarnwell.' 
I cannot allude to him in the manner I should like, or enumer- 
ate all the distinguished services which he has rendered to his 
country ; but one thing I will venture to say, and that is that 
his name will always be honourably connected with the ad- 
vancement of technical education. The interest he has taken 
in that great subject, and the labour he has bestowed on it, 
have gained for him the high honour, conferred by his Sovereign, 
of the order of knighthood, and I am sure he will still continue 
to devote his time and energies to a measure which is of the 
greatest importance to this country. For myself I may say 
that I also owe him a deep debt of gratitude for the services he 
has rendered as chairman of the executive committee of the 
recent Inventions Exhibition. I have now the great pleasure 
of proposing the toast of ' Prosperity to the Institution of Civil 
Engineers,' coupled with the name of your President Sir 
Frederick Bramwell." 

Sir Frederick Bramwell made an amusing speech, in which he 
highly magnified the office of the Civil Engineer as contrasted with 
every other profession. The Duke of Cambridge spoke well, as 
usual, for the Army, and Lord Charles Beresford gave a supple- 
mentary speech, in response to loud calls, after Admiral Le Hunte 
Ward had responded for the Navy. The improvements in both, 
military and naval armaments due to civil engineers were duly 
recognized by all the speakers. 

( 293 ) 

April 29*A, 1886. 

SIR HENRY HOLLAND (now Lord Knutsford), as Secretary of State 
for the Colonies, entertained the representatives at the Colonial 
Conference, and various gentlemen connected with the Crown 
Colonies, at a dinner at the Colonial Office, on the 29th of April, 
1880. The Prince of Wales, the Duke of Abercorn, the Marquis of 
Lome, the Earl of Carnarvon, and the Earl of Rosebery were 
among those present. The loyal toasts being given, Sir Henry 
Holland said that to the hard work and warm sympathy of the 
Prince of Wales the success of the Colonial Exhibition was largely 
due. The Prince, in acknowledging the toast, said : 

" Sir Henry Holland, my Lords, and Gentlemen, When Sir 
Henry Holland was kind enough to invite me here this evening 
to meet the colonial delegates I was under the impression that it 
was a private dinner, in so far that I should not be called upon 
to make a speech. In this respect he has sprung a mine upon me. 
But, notwithstanding, I beg to thank him for the very kind way 
in which he has proposed this toast, and to thank you for the 
cordial manner in which you have received it. I can only 
assure him and you of the very great pleasure it gives me to 
meet you here this evening. 

" In this large gathering there are many gentlemen connected 
with the colonies whom I have had the pleasure of knowing 
personally, and it affords me especial pleasure to make the 
acquaintance of others who have come over in connection with 
this occasion. I am aware that the proceedings of the con- 
ferences which have taken place have been kept secret from the 
public in a most marvellous way, which is not an easy matter 
in these days. But from the words which have fallen from Sir 
Henry Holland I am glad to hear that everything has been so 
prosperous, and I hope that the important and difficult questions 
which have been discussed during the last few weeks will bear 
fruit. Nobody wishes more sincerely than I do that the good 
feeling, or, as the French say, the entente cordiale, between the 
mother country and our great colonies may be established on a 
still firmer basis. Far be it from us, and far distant may the 
day be, when we shall see the colonies separated from us in 
any way. 


" You have been kind enough to allude to the Colonial Exhi- 
bition, which is. now a matter of the past. I feel sure that in 
that Exhibition, during the few months that it lasted, our own 
countrymen learnt perhaps more of the colonies than they could 
in any other way except by visiting them. No better means 
could have been adopted for bringing the colonies more promi- 
nently before us. Most sincerely do I hope that that Exhibition 
may bear fruit. I most sincerely trust that the end of the 
Conference may also be successful, and that it may realise all 
that we could wish. It is true, as you have observed, that I 
have not yet had an opportunity of visiting the distant colonies, 
especially the Australian colonies and those of the Cape. Much 
as I may desire to go out to those distant colonies, I fear that 
my duties at home may prevent my doing so. However, I 
assure you that it is my wish to do so, and though I am unable, 
it is through circumstances over which I have no control" 

Lord Kosebery, in giving the toast of their Colonial guests, said, 
that whatever questions of home policy divided Englishmen, party 
feeling never interfered in those greater Imperial questions. It 
was a happy innovation to invite representatives of the colonies 
to meet in conference, and lie trusted that the result of that 
meeting would hasten the welding and uniting of the Empire. 


July 1st, 1886. 

A LARGE and most imposing gathering, held in connexion with the 
Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons, took place at the Freemasons' 
Hall on the 1st of July, 1886. His Royal Highness the Prince of 
Wales, whose installation as Grand Master of English Freemasons, 
at the Albert Hall, in April 1875, has been already narrated, was now 
installed as Grand Mark Master. There were upwards of 1000 
Grand, Past, and Provincial Grand Officers present, including many 
distinguished representatives from India and the Colonies, as well 
as from all parts of the United Kingdom. The Earl of Kintore, 
Grand Master, presided at the ceremony. 

When the Prince entered the Grand Lodge, which had been 
opened by Lord Kintore, he was accompanied by a large and repre- 
sentative body of Mark Masons deputed to conduct His Roya 


Highness to the throne. He then took the customary obligation, 
having been proclaimed and saluted on the throne, to which he 
was conducted by Lord Kintore. Addressing the Prince, Lord Kin- 
tore expressed the feelings of loyal devotion felt by every Mark 
Mason in Great Britain, and in the Greater Britain beyond the 
seas, at the step which the Prince was pleased to take that day. 
He then gave a few statistics to show the progress of Mark Masonry. 
In 1876 there were but 5 time-immemorial lodges, and 18 Provin- 
cial Grand Lodges. In 1886 there were 13 time-immemorial 
lodges, and 375 warranted lodges, divided into 44 Provincial Grand 
Lodges, including those in New Zealand, South Africa, Australia, 
India, and other parts of the globe. The consent of the Prince of 
Wales to bo Grand Mark Master was proof of his zealous personal 
efforts to unite the Colonies and Dependencies of the empire with 
the mother country. The Prince, in his reply, said that 

He thanked the Past Grand Master most heartily and sin- 
cerely for the address he had just delivered. He feared that 
Lord Kintore had referred to him in terms far too kind and 
flattering. He assured the brethren he considered it a high 
honour and compliment which had been paid him that day, and 
he accepted the distinguished position of Grand Master of Mark 
Master Masons with a deep feeling of gratitude, and as a high 
honour to himself. He assured the brethren that anything he 
could do to further the interest and welfare of the Mark Degree 
would be done with sincere pleasure. He was most thankful 
and grateful for the kind feeling the brethren had manifested 
towards him, and he appreciated very highly the compliment 
which had been paid by the Mark Masons who had attended 
from distant parts of the kingdom. Lord Kintore had spoken 
in kind and feeling terms of his beloved mother the Queen. It 
would afford Her Majesty sincere gratification to know the 
kind terms in which her name had been mentioned, and the 
hearty manner in which it was invariably received, especially 
in a meeting of this description. Personally he thanked them 
from his heart, and he desired to assure them that all he could 
do for the welfare of Mark Masonry would always be done with 
very great pleasure. 

The Grand Master then appointed the Grand Officers for the 
ensuing year, beginning with Lord Kintore as Pro-Grand Master, 
Lord Egerton of Tatton Deputy Grand Master, the Duke of Con- 
naught Senior Grand Warden, and numerous others to the usual 
offices. The Pro- Grand Master presented the Prince with a jewel, 


which he accepted with pleasure, and said it would be a gratifying 
memento of the pleasant proceedings of the day. 

After the conclusion of the Grand Lodge proceedings, there was 
a luncheon at the Holborn Eestaurant, at which the Prince presided. 
After the customary loyal toasts had been proposed, the Prince 
regretted that he had to leave, having to fulfil an engagement at 
the East-end of London. 

June 2Sth, 1886. 

THERE are few who do not know the history, and have not rejoiced 
in the success of the People's Palace for East London. The 
magnificent spectacle when the Queen went in state, on the 14th 
of May, 1887, to open " The Queen's Hall " at the Palace, will long 
be remembered by the multitudes who witnessed the ceremony, or 
who saw the Royal progress through the crowded streets. 

The foundation stone had been laid, with almost equal pomp, 
and amidst as great popular enthusiasm, by the Prince and 
Princess of Wales on the 28th of June in the previous year. On 
that occasion nearly 10,000 people were assembled within the 
space set apart for the ceremony, including 1000 delegates from 
the various trade, friendly, and temperance societies in East 
London, with 2000 or 3000 school-children. 

The Lord Mayor in his robes of office, and attended by the 
officers and many members of the Corporation, and a vast number 
of distinguished persons among whom were the Chief Rabbi, Dr. 
Adler, the Bishop of Bedford, and many of the Clergy of the 
neighbouring districts, Cardinal Manning, and Mr. Walter Besant 
awaited the arrival of the Royal visitors. This was announced 
by a salute by the guard of honour of the Tower Hamlets Engineers 
and the 24th Middlesex Volunteers. They were received by Sir 
Edmund Hay Currie and the Beaumont Trustees, the Master and 
Wardens of the Drapers' Company, and delegates from various 
Committees. From the old and well-known " Beaumont Trust," 
and the munificent donations of the Drapers' Company, supple- 
mented by public contributions, the large funds necessary for the 
People's Palace had been derived. 

The ceremony began by the Archbishop of Canterbury offering 
a special prayer, followed by the Lord's Prayer, and the singing of 
the Old Hundredth Psalm. Sir E. H. Currie, Chairman of the 
Committee, then read and presented an address, to which the 
Prince replied as follows : 

" Sir Edmund Hay Currie and Gentlemen, I thank you, on 
behalf of the Princess of Wales and myself, for your address, 


and I can assure you that we heartily rejoice that an oppor- 
tunity has been afforded us of again visiting this important 
district of the Metropolis. We thoroughly appreciate the 
endeavour of the trustees to promote a scheme which, from the 
comprehensiveness and liberality of its scope, should not fail to 
prove advantageous to the population of the near neighbourhood 
in which the Palace is to be erected, and to the inhabitants of 
the Metropolis at large. We do not doubt that the opportunities 
for healthy recreation so essential in a population that is com- 
prised mainly of artisans and mechanics and their families will 
be promptly and properly appreciated by those for whom the 
People's Palace had been provided. The facilities which will be 
afforded for continuous education of all kinds will, we are con- 
vinced, materially tend to still further develop and perfect the 
various handicrafts of this neighbourhood, and should therefore 
prove of the greatest importance, not only to the inhabitants of 
East London, but to the nation at large, and should enable 
Englishmen to continue to maintain in the future, as they have 
in the past, that supremacy in the arts of peace at home which, 
among civilized nations, must be the invariable and necessary 
accompaniment of power and prosperity abroad. We congratu- 
late the trustees upon the success which has already attended 
their efforts in having secured 75,000 of the 100,000 required, 
and we sincerely trust that the munificent donations of the 
Drapers' Company, Mr. Dyer Edwardes, Lord Eosebery, and 
the Duke of Westminster will influence others to follow so 
excellent an example. The ' Queen's Hall,' of which I am about 
to lay the first stone, will, I understand from the architect, Mr. 
Eobson, be capable of accommodating more than 3000 persons, 
and will be so constructed as to serve the purpose of a winter 
garden, affording a resort for social intercourse and entertain- 
ment at a period of the year when the summer garden will not 
be available. We humbly join in the prayer of the Archbishop 
of Canterbury that God's blessing may rest upon this great 
work, and that, in the years to come, benefits both material and 
moral will result to the thousands who, we trust, will not fail 
to avail themselves of the facilities which the scheme will 
afford. " 

The stone was then laid with the usual ceremonies, the Prince's 


declaration that it was " well and truly " laid being received with 
general cheers. The proceedings were concluded with the bene- 
diction, pronounced by the Archbishop. 

Long before the time of the People's Palace, visits to 'the East of 
London had not unfrequently been made by members of the Royal 
Family. On the 24th of June, 1880, the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, accompanied by their sons, Prince Albert Victor and Prince 
George, went to open a Eecreation Ground in Whitechapel, for the 
benefit of the people of that parish, and of Bethnal Green, Spital- 
fields, and other adjacent districts. The ground, above an acre in 
extent, had formerly been a burial-ground of the Society of Friends, 
some of the members of which had contributed towards its being 
laid out as a pleasure-garden. The Eev. J. F. Kitto and the Eev. 
S. A. Barnett, whose names have long been associated with good 
deeds in East London, hoped that the presence of the Prince and 
Princess of Wales that day would give new impetus to the move- 
ment for obtaining open spaces in crowded parts of the Metropolis. 
The Prince expressed his gratification at being present, and said he 
was desired by the Princess to say that she declared the Eecrea- 
tion Ground now open. 


July 15th, 1886. 

To be " President of the Eoyal Agricultural Society of England " is 
an honour which the Prince of Wales gained not merely from his 
high position, but from his genuine love and practical knowledge 
of agriculture. Old King George III. was proud to be known as 
"Farmer George," but his great-grandson, the "Norfolk farmer," 
knows vastly more about the subject, and turns his knowledge to 
more profitable account. This was shown at the great sale of 
Shorthorn cattle and Southdown sheep which the Prince held at 
Sandringham, at the time of the Eoyal Agricultural Show at 
Norwich, in July 1886. 

The idea of holding the sale at that time was a fortunate one, for 
the Show had brought to Norwich breeders of stock from every 
part of the kingdom, and some from foreign countries. Many of 
tho leading members of the Eoyal Agricultural Society were the 
guests of the Prince at Sandringham during the week of the Show. 
Special trains were run to Wolf'erton Station from Norwich, so that 
there had never been seen such crowds at Sandringham, as on 
Thursday, the 15th of July, the day of the sale. Ample provision 
had been made for their reception, a large marquee capable of 


seating 1500 persons being erected in a field adjacent to the 
homestead. Among those who sat down to the luncheon were 
almost all the agricultural celebrities of England, and some of the 
most noted breeders of cattle and sheep in France. The entrance 
of the Prince and his family to the tent was received with 
immense enthusiasm. 

After luncheon the Prince proposed the health of the Queen, 
which was duly honoured, and then the Duke of Richmond and 
Gordon gave the toast of " The Prince and Princess of Wales." 
He said that two days before it had fallen to his lot to move a 
vote of thanks to the Prince in his capacity as President of the 
Eoyal Agricultural Society of England, which might be deemed 
the Eoyal Academy of farming. Now he had to speak of him in 
his capacity of a Norfolk farmer. Amid much cheering, the Duke 
went on to say that it would be well for Norfolk farmers if all of 
them had such a wife as it was the good fortune of the Prince to 
possess, and that the high qualities of the Princess had endeared 
her not less to the people of Norfolk than to the other inhabitants 
of her future realm. In speaking of the sale itself, the Duke said 
that the quality of the stock, all of which he had personally 
examined, was remarkably level and good, and that the Prince was 
conferring a distinct benefit upon the agricultural community in 
the eastern counties by giving them an opportunity of obtaining 
such grand strains of blood as were to be found in the Sandringham 
Shorthorns and Southdowns. It is needless to add that this 
toast was received with the most enthusiastic cheering, and the 
plaudits were so sustained that the Prince had to wait some time 
before beginning his reply. He said : 

" Your Grace, my Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen, The kind 
way in which this toast has been proposed by the Duke of 
Eichmond and Gordon and received by you all cannot but give 
the greatest possible pleasure both to the Princess and myself. 
We derive the most genuine satisfaction at seeing so many of 
the inhabitants of Norfolk here in our country home, for I can 
assure you that we take the deepest interest in all that concerns 
the welfare of this county. This has been a week of great 
agricultural interest for the county of Norfolk, and we have 
among us many men eminent as breeders and farmers from 
other parts of the kingdom, and to them also I extend a cordial 
welcome. As we have a busy afternoon before us, I will not 
detain you long, but before sitting down I should like to say a 
few words with respect to the Eoyal Agricultural Benevolent 
Institution, which has urgent need of support, as, owing to the 
recent depression in agriculture, the demands upon it have been 


so heavy that it is unable to do as much as it could a few years 
ago. In conclusion, let me bid you heartily welcome to San- 
dringham, and ask you to bid well at the sale." 

This genial speech was received with applause, and its closing 
words with cheerful laughter. The Duke of Manchester next 
proposed the health of Mr. John Thornton, the auctioneer, who 
may be regarded as the Tattersall of the Shorthorn world, and 
who, in responding, said that be was more anxious to hear others 
than others would be to hear him. The company then broke up, 
the Prince and Princess of Wales leading the way to the sale-ring, 
which had been pitched close to the homestead, with three 
covered stands for the Eoyal party, the auctioneer and his chief 
customers, and for the county people, who mustered in great 

The auctioneer gave much interesting information as to the 
establishment of the herd of Shorthorns and the flock of South- 
downs at Sandringham. Since the herd of Shorthorns was formed 
the Prince of Wales has been in the habit of exhibiting at the 
Eoyal and other shows held within easy reach of home, and the 
animals selected for exhibition, but not forced into extreme 
condition, as is so often done, have been very successful, for they 
have taken sixteen first prizes, twelve seconds, four thirds, and 
four special prizes, while it is interesting to note that at the Eoyal 
Agricultural Show at York three years ago the Prince obtained 
what is generally regarded as the highest honour of the showyard 
viz., the prize for a family group consisting of mother and 
several daughters. 

The Prince has been not less conspicuously successful with his 
Southdown sheep, as this flock, first formed in 1886 by the 
selection of sheep from the flocks of the Duke of Eichinond at 
Goodwood, Lord Walsingham at Merton, Mr. Webb at Babraham, 
and Mr. Gorringe at Kingston, has won sixty-eight first and sixty- 
two second prizes, to say nothing of minor distinctions, bringing the 
total of prizes up to 183, while at the Smithfield Show last winter 
three Southdowns from Sandringham won the 50 champion cup 
and the gold medal as the best pen of sheep in the hall. These 
facts being well known to all those who attended the sale, while 
they had the further assurance that all the lots offered would be 
sold without any of those reservations which mar so many auctions, 
the bidding was very brisk ; but in spite of this the number of 
lots was so great that the sale, commencing at two o'clock, lasted 
until nearly six. 

The detail of the sale only concern those who have to do 
with buying or breeding ; and the records of the pedigree stock, 
and the prices obtained, and other particulars, will be found in the 
reports of the meeting. To the general reader of this book the 
whole proceedings are full of interest, as being a scene of genuine 


English country life, and the Prince of Wales was thoroughly in 
his element as the centre of the grand agricultural assemblage. 
How Washington Irving would have rejoiced to be there, and 
what a description he would have given of the scene ! 

December 15tJt, 1886. 

Siox COLLEGE was founded by the Eev. Dr. White, Vicar of St. 
Dunstan's in the West, in .the time of Charles 1 . He held several 
other preferments, but we forgive him for being a notable 
pluralist because he made such good use of his money. By his 
will he left 3000 for the purchase of a site in the City of London, 
for erecting a hospital, consisting of twenty almshouses, and a 
college, which he endowed, with an annual revenue, not large, but 
sufficient in those times. Dr. White's intention was to enable the 
clergy of the City of London, and the incumbents of outlying 
parishes, to obtain corporate existence, like other crafts and 
professions, and so be legally qualified to hold and to administer 
property. This was well carried out by the Eev. Dr. Simpson, 
Eector of St. Olave's, Hart Street, one of the executors, who gave 
special attention to the library, now so important a feature of the 

The College was established by Charter in 1630, and confirmed 
in 1664 by Charles II. The site selected was that of the Priory of 
Elsing Spital, London Wall, where a spacious building was after- 
wards erected, and continued in use till our own day. The library 
gradually became an important one, especially after 1710, when 
the Government conferred upon it the privilege of being one of 
the libraries entitled to receive copies of all books entered at 
Stationers' Hall. In 1843 this privilege was commuted for an 
annual grant, which barely sufficed for the maintenance of the 
library and other expenses. At length it was determined to sell 
the site in London Wall, the value of which was great for business 
purposes, and to remove to a better site, on which more com- 
modious buildings might be erected. By Acts of Parliament 
authority was obtained to sell the old site, which realized thirty- 
three times the amount given for it in 1627. Another Act of 
Parliament authorized the purchase of a site on the Thames 
Embankment, the freehold of which cost 31,625, and on this, at a 
cost of 25,000, the present magnificent building, designed by 
Mr. A. W. Blornfield, was erected. To open this new Siou 
College, the Prince of Wales, accompanied by the Princess of Wales, 
went to the City on the 15th of December, 1886. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury, and several Bishops, the Lord 


Mayor and Sheriffs of London, the Lord Chancellor, and many 
distinguished persons were present, and a numerous body of the 
Clergy. The President of the College (who is elected annually by 
the Fellows), the Eev. Eichard Whittington, a name of good omen, 
read an address, the Archbishop having previously conducted a 
short religious service. To the address the Prince replied : 

" Mr. President and Gentlemen, I thank you for your address, 
and for the kind terms in which you allude to the Princess of 
Wales and my children. I experience the greatest satisfaction 
at being present on this interesting occasion, when your ancient 
corporation may be said to take a new departure. I am grati- 
fied to learn that the words of advice which I uttered two or 
three years ago have borne good fruit and have helped on the 
removal of your College from the comparative obscurity of 
London Wall to this central and eligible spot. I congratulate 
you on the completion without any serious drawback of a work 
which from its nature could not but be surrounded by many 
administrative and financial difficulties, only to be overcome by 
much tenacity of purpose, energy, and hard work. Many of 
you will probably look back with some feeling of lingering 
regret upon a spot hallowed by the memories of two centuries 
and a half, and by the recollection that in the same place, for 
many years before Sion College existed, the Augustinian canons 
devoted themselves to the alleviation of suffering, and provid- 
ing a refuge for the homeless and the outcast. Yet, if Sion 
College was to continue its work in the future as it has carried 
it on in the past, such a change as I inaugurate to-day was 
essential. On this site and with this building, upon the beauty 
and convenience of which your architect may well come in for 
his share of congratulation and praise, Sion College may become 
more than ever a centre where the London clergy may meet 
together to exchange experiences and learn by personal inter- 
course how substantial is the tie which results from devotion to 
one high purpose. Of your library I need say little. The high 
place which it occupies among similar institutions is well known, 
and the extent and excellence of its contents are universally 
acknowledged. I have to congratulate the clergy of London 
upon having at their command such a varied collection of the 
best literature of all ages to stimulate their studies and enrich 
their minds. I will only add an expression of my satisfaction 


at learning that those poor persons for whose temporal wants 
your benevolent founder, Dr. Thomas White, made provision 
have reason to claim a full share in the gratification which 
attends the proceedings to-day." 

The Lord Mayor said it was a great privilege for him to be 
called on, as Lord Mayor, to say a few words on that most 
interesting occasion. He congratulated the President and Fellows 
that Sion College was rebuilt under such favourable auspices and 
so happily placed between those seminaries of the law, the ancient 
and honourable societies of the Temple, of which His Eoyal 
Highness was so distinguished a member, and the more modern 
institution, on which he thought the Corporation might justly 
pride itself, the City of London School for the classical and 
commercial training of our younger citizens, which His Eoyal 
Highness graciously inaugurated just four years ago. 

The Lord Chancellor said there were no words of his which 
would adequately express the gratitude and affection which all 
those present felt towards His Eoyal Highness and the Princess. 
This was only one of a series of acts by which their Eoyal High- 
nesses had exhibited their sympathy with the people, and there 
was nothing good, high, and noble that was not from time to time 
graced by their presence. 

The Prince of Wales then, amid loud cheers, declared the library 
to be open. 

The procession, having been re-formed, left the library and 
descended to the hall, which was also filled with spectators. Here 
the President pointed out the ancient panels, the pictures, 
including portrait of the founder, and other treasures removed from 
the old building. The Prince declared the Hall open, and their 
Eoyal Highnesses signed their names in the Eegister of Benefactors. 

It may be added that it was a hint from the Prince of Wales 
that hastened the decision to remove from London Wall. He was 
viewing from the roof of the old library the fire in Wood Street, 
Cheapside, when he said to the Eev. W. H. Milman (the librarian, 
son of Dean Milman) that he thought it was the duty of the 
Governors to remove their valuable library to a safer locality. 


On the 10th of November, 1884, the Queen issued a Eoyal Com 
mission to arrange for holding an Exhibition of the products, 
manufactures, and arts of Her Majesty's Colonial an5 Indian 
Dominions, in the year 1886. Of this Commission the Prince of 
Wales was President, and Sir Philip Cunliffe-Owen Secretary. 
The first meeting took place at Marlborough House on the 30th of 


March, 1885. In opening the proceedings His Royal Highness 
said : 

"In addressing you for the first time, I would remind you 
that the objects for which Her Majesty has been pleased to 
appoint this Commission are, briefly, to organise and carry out 
an Exhibition by which the reproductive resources of our 
Colonies and of the Indian Empire may be brought before the 
people of Great Britain, and by which also the distant portions 
of Her Majesty's Dominions may be enabled to compare the 
advance made by each other in trade, manufactures, and general 
material progress. 

"This project, to the realisation of which I have looked 
forward for some years, is essentially one of a National and 
Imperial character, differing in this respect from former Exhi- 
bitions, in which the elements of trade rivalry and profit largely 

"No such opportunity of becoming practically acquainted 
with the economic condition of our Colonies and the Indian 
Empire has ever been afforded in this country. The attractive 
display in the Indian and Colonial Courts at the Paris Exhibi- 
tion of 1878 could only be witnessed by a comparatively small 
number of the population of these Islands, millions of whom 
may be expected to view and profit by the evidence which the 
Exhibition of 1886 will afford of the marvellous progress made 
by their fellow-countrymen beyond the seas. 

" I also trust that this gathering may serve even a higher 
purpose, and be the means not only of giving a stimulus to 
commercial interests and intercourse, but of strengthening that 
Bond of Union between Her Majesty's subjects in all parts of 
the Empire, the growth and manifestation of which are most 
sincerely appreciated by us all. 

" Whilst Her Majesty's Government have given their hearty 
approval to the objects for which the Commission has been 
appointed, they have not so far found it desirable to make any 
definite grant towards it. The Commission have, therefore, to 
rely entirely upon the public support of the great purposes 
which the Exhibition is intended to promote ; and on the attrac- 
tive form which it will be the endeavour of all concerned to 
give to it. 


" I cannot doubt but that, under such conditions, should no 
untoward events occur, the project will be more than self- 

" At the same time, it has been thought prudent not to 
dispense with the usual provision of a Guarantee Fund, though 
I trust no circumstances may arise rendering it necessary to 
make any call on the guarantors. To this Fund the Indian and 
Colonial Governments have made liberal contributions, amount- 
ing to 51,000." 

The Prince then gave detailed announcements of the responses 
made to appeals addressed to corporations, firms, and individuals 
in Great Britain, and in the Colonies and India. He also explained 
the arrangements for administrative and financial affairs, and 
for the reception of foreign representatives. 

" In conclusion, let me express the hope that this great 
undertaking, and the many occasions for friendly intercourse 
with oar fellow-subjects from India and the Colonies which it 
will afford, may convey to them the assurance that, while we 
are deeply moved by the spirit of patriotism they have lately 
shown in desiring to bear their share in the graver trials of the 
country, we on our part wish to participate in every effort to 
further and develop their material interests interests which 
we feel to be inseparably bound up with the prosperity of the 
Empire. We must remember that, as regards the Colonies, 
they are the legitimate and natural homes, in future, of the 
more adventurous and energetic portion of the population of 
these Islands. Their progress, and their power of providing all 
that makes life comfortable and attractive, cannot, therefore, 
but be a matter of serious concern to us all And, as regards 
India, the increasing knowledge of that vast Empire and the 
rapid and easy means of communication to all parts of it which 
now exist, render its remarkable and varied products and its 
social and political condition a source of yearly increasing 
interest and importance to us. 

" For the attainment of the purposes I have indicated, I am 
sure I may rely on your friendly co-operation and assistance, 
in your several localities, and within the sphere of your indi- 
vidual influence. Although it has been impossible from the 
pressure of their duties elsewhere for some members of the 



Commission to be present at this meeting, I am gratified by 
the assurance from them that we may none the less rely on 
their practical and earnest assistance on every occasion in 
furthering the work which has been entrusted to us, and 
achieving the important ends which I trust may flow from its 
successful accomplishment." 

May 3rd, 1886. 

A meeting of the Royal Commission was again held on the 
3rd of May, in the Durbar Hall of the Indian Palace, when the 
Prince of Wales, as the Executive President, addressed the audi- 
ence. He gave an interesting report on all the chief matters that 
had engaged the attention of the Eoyal Commissioners ; and re- 
ferred to the co-operation received from the Colonies and India. 
He stated that the guarantee fund had reached the amount of 
218,430, of which the City of London had voted 10,000. A 
vote of thanks was proposed by the Duke of Cambridge, seconded 
by Lord Granville, to the Prince of Wales for the able and 
energetic manner in which he acted on behalf of the Commission 
as their President. " It is not the first time that His Eoyal 
Highness has acted as President in undertakings of this nature, 
and it is very difficult for any individual to praise him in his 
presence without appearing fulsome, but it is not fulsome to say 
that he has always devoted his whole energies to bringing every- 
thing to a successful issue with which he is connected." 

The Prince, in his reply, said : 

He hoped that the Exhibition would be not only entertaining 
to the eye, and that it will prove of material benefit to our own 
countrymen, but that it will also tend to strengthen the bond 
of brotherly love between ourselves and the rest of Her 
Majesty's subjects. 

April SOtJi, 1887. 

At the final meeting of the Eoyal Commission, held at Marl- 
borough House on the 30th of April, 1887, the minutes of the 
previous meeting, held on the 3rd of May, 1886, having been 
read, the Prince of Wales addressed the meeting : 

" Your Eoyal Highness, my Lords and Gentlemen, I have 
asked you to meet me to-day, in order that I might submit for 
your approval a Eeport which I have drawn up upon the work 
of the Eoyal Commission for the Colonial and Indian Exhibi- 


tion, a draft of which has already been forwarded to each of you 
for consideration. 

"The contents of this Eeport are so exhaustive, and the 
information afforded so full and complete, that it seems scarcely 
necessary that I should detain you with many explanatory 

" You will remember that the last occasion on which I had 
the pleasure of meeting you was on the eve of the opening 
of the Exhibition by Her Majesty the Queen. You are all 
aware of the success of that opening, and you, I am sure, 
appreciated the keen interest which the Queen took in the 
Exhibition, both by performing that imposing ceremony, and 
by the frequent visits which Her Majesty afterwards paid to 
the various Sections. 

" The great importance attached to the objects of this Exhi- 
bition was evidenced by the striking manner in which it was 
visited by the public. You will have seen by the Eeport that 
it was attended by no fewer than 5,550,745 persons. Of this 
number, a large proportion were admitted under schemes in 
which I took a deep personal interest, by means of which 
admission was granted to provincial and metropolitan artisans, 
with their wives and families, at greatly reduced rates. 

" It may safely be asserted that a vast amount of public good 
lias arisen from the holding of this Exhibition. No one can 
liave failed to notice the earnest attention paid by all classes of 
the visitors to the contents of the Exhibition; and the in- 
struction which was derived from an examination of the varied 
objects displayed therein cannot but tend to a better knowledge 
of the outlying portions of the Empire, among the inhabitants 
of the mother country. 

" At a previous Meeting I referred to the appointment of the 
Finance Committee, to its enlargement, and to the manner in 
which its labours were being conducted, and I would now 
specially draw your attention to the Eeport they have pre- 
sented to me. The accounts now before you, which have been 
circulated for your information, have been subject to a con- 
tinuous and careful audit. They have been made up at the 
earliest possible day consistent with the proper realization of 
the assets belonging to the Eoyal Commission, and with the 

x 2 


settlement of the many and varied claims presented after the 
close of the Exhibition, and which the Finance Committee had 
necessarily to adjust. You will see that the fullest information 
in ample detail is given under appropriate heads of the entire 
receipts and expenditure of the Eoyal Commission up to the 
23rd April, and I am sure that you will share my satisfaction 
at the gratifying result of a substantial surplus of 35,235 7s. 8cL 
remaining in the hands of the Eoyal Commission. 

" I am anxious that the appropriation of this surplus, and the 
objects to which it should be devoted, should be in harmony 
with the wishes of the entire body of the Eoyal Commission. 
I desire, therefore, to draw your attention to a paragraph in the 
Eeport of the Finance Committee, to the effect that in view of 
the fact that this Exhibition, and those which preceded it, have 
to a certain extent "been considered as one series, consideration 
might be given to the requirements of any former Exhibition, 
the financial results of which have been less satisfactory than 
those of the present undertaking. In this recommendation 
I entirely concur, and a Eesolution in that sense will be 
submitted for your approval. 

" I would also suggest to you the advisability of retaining 
for the present a certain sum for the purpose of meeting any 
unforeseen contingencies ; which sum should for the next few 
years remain vested in the names of trustees, but should 
ultimately be applied to the same purpose as that to which the 
residue is devoted. 

" As regards the balance of the surplus, I would commend to 
your consideration the propriety of transferring it to the funds 
of the Imperial Institute of the United Kingdom, the Colonies,, 
and India (in the promotion of which the Queen and I both 
take so warm an interest), the more especially as we may 
regard the Institute, to a certain extent, as the outcome of the 
Exhibition which was closed in November last. 

" Before moving resolutions to this effect, I would wish to 
express to you my deep gratitude for the support which you 
have at all times given to me in the duties which I, as your 
Executive President, have had so much pleasure in performing ; 
and I am sure you will join with me at this our last Meeting in 
expressing most heartily our appreciation of the co-operation 


which the Eoyal Commission received from the Colonies and 
India, and of the exertions of the gentlemen representing these 
Governments, which tended in so marked a degree to the 
success of the past Exhibition. 

" The enthusiastic manner in which the proposal for holding 
this Exhibition was received in all portions of Her Majesty's 
Empire, the energy displayed in realising the views of the 
Royal Commission, and the continued support rendered to us 
by the Colonial and Indian Governments and their repre- 
sentatives in London, resulted in the achievement of a work of 
which all those who participated in it may be justly proud, and 
which formed a fitting prelude to an undertaking intended to 
commemorate the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign, by per- 
manently gathering together in one building the varied produc- 
tions of the whole of the British Empire, in the interchange of 
which its past prosperity is so much due, and by which its 
future development may be promoted. 

" In closing these observations, I would desire to convey to 
the gentlemen composing the Finance Committee, my warm 
personal acknowledgments for their unremitting attention, and 
the great services they have rendered, at so much sacrifice to 
their time and convenience. I equally desire to acknowledge 
the admirable and efficient arrangements made throughout by 
the Executive Secretary, and to return my thanks to the whole 
staff employed on the Exhibition. Their zeal and readiness at 
all times to promote its success demand special recognition 
at our hands. In all this, I feel assured I give expression to 
the sentiments of every member of the Eoyal Commission." 

In the speeches of those who moved and seconded the resolu- 
tions submitted to the meeting, reference was repeatedly made to 
the permanent Imperial Institute, of which the Indo-Colonial 
Exhibition seemed the precursor. The Prince, in acknowledging 
the vote of thanks at the conclusion of the meeting, said : 
" I most truly hope that the words which fell from Lord Derby 
and Lord Kimberley with respect to the Imperial Institute may 
come true. If I may use the allegory, now that we have, as it 
were, burnt the late Exhibition to-day, I hope the Imperial 
Institute may be a Phoonix arising out of its ashes. I trust that 
it may be a lasting memorial, not only of that but of the Jubilee 
of Her Majesty the Queen." 

The Exhibition was opened by Her Majesty on the 4th of May, 


and those who were present will not readily forget the impressive 
nature of the proceedings on that memorable day. The Official 
Eeport of the Eoyal Commission (printed and published, as all 
the Exhibition Eeports have been, by W. Clowes & Sons) is a 
most valuable manual on all matters relating to the Exhibition 
the most imposing and interesting of any since that of 1851. It 
was also the most successful as to finance, there being a surplus of 
no less than 35,285 7. Sd. Of this 25,000 was voted to the 
Imperial Institute fund, and the remainder applied to liquidate 
the debt remaining from the Inventions Exhibition, and the 
formation of a reserve fund connected with other Exhibitions. 

January 12th, 1887. 

THE Imperial Institute, while it will be the grandest and most 
enduring memorial of the Queen's Jubilee, will also be associated 
in history with the name of the Prince of Wales. It was by him 
that the idea was first entertained, and the proposal first made ; 
and to his zealous and persevering efforts the successful carrying 
out of the project is due. There had been various circumstances 
preparing this way for the great undertaking, but it was the 
success of the Indo-Colonial Exhibition, held in 1886, that led 
to the proposal of a permanent Imperial Institute. It would be a 
visible emblem of the unity of the Empire, and a place for illus- 
trating its vast resources ; a museum for exhibiting its manifold 
products and industries ; a centre of information and communica- 
tion for all the countries throughout the world under the British 
sovereignty ; and be helpful to the increase and the distribution of 
the wealth of the nation. It would co-operate and not conflict 
with older institutions of tried utility, such as Colonial museums, 
and exchanges, emigration societies, technical colleges, and other 
organizations for the welfare of the people. The scheme was 
worthy of being adopted as a national memorial of the Jubilee of 
the Queen's reign, and was fittingly inaugurated by the heir appa- 
rent to the throne. 

Of the progress of the movement, and of the home for the Insti- 
tute at South Kensington, it is not necessary here to speak, but 
the following speech of the Prince of Wales, at St. James's Palace, 
on the 12th of January, 1887, gives the best summary of all that is 
designed and expected in regard to the Imperial Institute. 

Letters had been sent out inviting many influential persons to 
meet His Eoyal Highness as chairman, and the members of the 
organizing committee of the Institute. The banqueting room at 
the old Palace was filled with an audience such as has rarely been 


brought together on any occasion in recent years. Many of the 
most distinguished men in all departments of public life, the Lord 
Mayors of London and York, with nearly 200 Mayors, Provosts, 
and Chief Magistrates of English and Scottish boroughs, Masters 
and Wardens of City Companies, and Directors of great corporate 
bodies and societies were present. The Prince of Wales, on entering 
the room, accompanied by Prince Albert Victor, was warmly 
received ; and thus he addressed the meeting : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, You are doubtless aware of the 
general feeling on the part of the public that some signal proof 
of the love and loyalty of Her Majesty's subjects throughout her 
widely extended Empire should be given to the Queen when she 
celebrates the fiftieth year of her happy reign. In order to 
afford to the Queen the fullest satisfaction, the proposed 
memorial should not be merely personal in its character, but 
should tend to serve the interests of the entire Empire and to 
promote a feeling of unity among the whole of Her Majesty's 
subjects. The desire to find fitting means of drawing our 
colonies and India into closer bonds with the mother country, 
a desire which of late has been clearly expressed, meets, I am 
sure, with the Queen's warmest sympathy. It occurred to me 
that the recent Colonial and Indian Exhibition, which presented 
a most successful display of the material resources of the 
colonies and India, might suggest the basis for an institute 
which should afford a permanent representation of the products 
and manufactures of the whole of the Queen's dominions. I 
therefore appointed a committee of eminent men to consider 
and report to me upon the best means of carrying out this 

" Upon the report of the committee being submitted to me, 
and after giving every clause my full consideration, it so entirely 
met with my approval that I accepted all its suggestions, and I 
therefore directed that a copy of that report should be sent to 
each of you. As I trust you have mastered the suggestions of 
that report, I do not purpose re-stating them to you in detail, 
but I would remind you that I propose that the memorial should 
bear the name of the Imperial Institute of the United Kingdom, 
the Colonies, and India, and that it must find its home within 
buildings of a character worthy to commemorate the Jubilee year 
of the Queen's reign. 


" My proposals also are that the Imperial Institute should be 
an emblem of the unity of the Empire, and should illustrate the 
resources and capabilities of every section of Her Majesty's 
dominions. By these means every one may become acquainted 
with the marvellous growth of the Queen's colonial and Indian 
possessions during her reign, and will be enabled to mark by the 
opportunities afforded for contrast how steadily these possessions 
have advanced in manufacturing skill and enterprise step by 
step with the mother country. A representative institute of 
this kind must necessarily be situated in London, but its organi- 
zation will, I trust, be such that benefits will be equally conferred 
upon our provincial communities as well as upon the colonial 
and Indian subjects of the Crown. It is my hope that the 
institute will form a practical means of communication between 
our colonial settlers and those persons at home who may benefit 
by emigration. Much information and even instruction may 
beneficially be imparted to those who need guidance in respect 
to emigration. 

" You are aware that the competition of industry all over the 
world has become keen, while commerce and manufactures have 
been profoundly affected by the recent rapid progress of science 
and the increased facilities of inter-communication offered by 
steam and the electric telegraph. In consequence of these 
changes all nations are using strenuous efforts to produce a 
trained intelligence among their people. The working classes 
of this country have not been slow to show their desire for im- 
provement in this direction. They wish to place themselves in 
a position of intellectual power by using all opportunities offered 
to them to secure an understanding of the principles as well as 
of the practice of the work in which they are engaged. No less 
than 16,000,000 persons from all parts of the kingdom have 
attended the four exhibitions over which I presided, representing 
fisheries, public health, inventions, and the colonies and India, 
and I assure you I would not have undertaken the labour 
attending their administration had I not felt a deep conviction 
that such exhibitions added to the knowledge of the people and 
stimulated the industries of the country. 

" I have on more than one occasion expressed my own views, 
founded upon those so often enunciated by my lamented father, 


that it is of the greatest importance to do everything within our 
power to advance the knowledge as well as the practical skill of 
the productive classes of the Empire. I therefore commend to 
you as the leading idea I entertain that the institute should be 
regarded as a centre for extending knowledge in relation to the 
industrial resources and commerce of the Queen's dominions. 
With this view it should be in constant touch, not only with the 
chief manufacturing districts of this country, but also with all 
the colonies and India. Such objects are large in their scope, 
and must necessarily be so, if this institute is worthily to repre- 
sent the unity of the Empire. 

" To some minds the scheme may not be sufficiently compre- 
hensive, because it does not provide for systematic courses of 
technical instruction in connection with the collections and 
libraries of the proposed institute. I would be the last person 
to undervalue this suggestion. I am well aware that the 
advantages we have enjoyed in the competition of the world by 
the possession of fuel, combined with large mineral resources and 
by the maritime habits of our people, are now becoming of less 
importance, as trained intellect has in other countries been more 
and more applied to productive industry. But I know that this 
truth has already penetrated our centres of manufacturing 
activity, for many of the large towns have founded colleges and 
schools of science and art to increase the intellectual factor of 
production. London, also, has taken important steps in the 
same direction. The Imperial Institute should be a supplement 
to, and not a competitor with, other institutions for technical 
education in science and art both at home and in the colonies. 
At the same time, I trust that the institute will be able to 
stimulate and aid local efforts by directing scholarships for the 
working-classes into suitable channels, and by other similar 

" Though the institute does not engage in the direct object of 
systematic technical education, it may well be the means of 
promoting it, as its purpose is to extend an exact knowledge of 
the industrial resources of the Empire. It will be a place of 
study and resort for producers and consumers from the colonies 
and India when they visit this country for business or pleasure, 
and they, as well as the merchants and manufacturers of the 


United Kingdom, will find in its collections, libraries, conference 
and intelligence rooms, the means of extending the commerce 
and of improving the manufacturing industries of the Empire. 
I trust, too, that colonial and Indian subjects visiting this 
country will find some sort of social welcome within the pro- 
posed building. This institute will thus be an emblem, as well 
as a practical exponent, of the community of interests and the 
unity of feeling throughout the extended dominions of the 

"From the close relation in which I stand to the Queen, 
there can be no impropriety in my stating that if her subjects 
desire, on the occasion of the celebration of her fiftieth year as 
Sovereign of this great Empire, to offer her a memorial of their 
love and loyalty, she would specially value one which would 
promote the industrial and commercial resources of her dominions 
in various parts of the world, and which would be expressive of 
that unity and co-operation which Her Majesty desires should 
prevail among all classes and races of her extended Empire. 

" My lords and gentlemen, I have invited you to meet on this 
occasion in order that I may appeal to you to give me your 
assistance in establishing and maintaining the Imperial Institute. 
If you approve of the views I have expressed, I am certain I 
may rely upon your strenuous co-operation to carry them into 
effect. I admit that it has not been without anxiety that I 
resolved to make the propositions I submitted to you, but con- 
fidence and support have come to me in the knowledge that 
I can appeal to you, and through you to the whole country, to 
give your aid to a work which I believe will be of lasting benefit 
to this and future generations." 

Resolutions were proposed and speeches made by Earl Spencer, 
the Lord Provost of Edinburgh, Viscount Hampden, the Lord 
Mayor of London, the Mayor of Newcastle, and the Marquis of 
Lome, approving the scheme, and promising hearty support. The 
Lord Mayor proposed a vote of thanks to the Prince, who tendered 
Ms thanks for the attendance at the meeting, and the approval 
given to the proposal. 

" I am glad, gentlemen, to have this opportunity of expressing 
to you collectively and individually my deep feelings of gratitude, 
in seeing you all here to-day at a time of year when travelling 
is neither easy nor pleasant, considering the distances which you 


have had to come ; and also for the kind response which you 
have made to my appeal. It augurs well for the future, and I 
feel convinced you will do all in your power to assist me in 
making this Imperial Institute worthy of the name of our Queen 
and of her Empire. The promotion of this scheme is with me 
a labour of love, and it must, I am sure, strike you all that, 
apart from wishing to do honour to the name of my beloved 
mother, nobody is more desirous than I am that a monument, 
if I may use the term, may be erected worthy of her 

A public meeting was held the same day at the Mansion House, 
attended by a large number of the most influential men in the City. 
The Lord Mayor (Sir Eeginald Hanson), Earl Granville, Mr. Plun- 
ket, M.P., Mr. Mundella, M.P., Mr. Goschen, M.P., and Lord Koths- 
child, were among the speakers, and resolutions were passed with 
an enthusiasm which gave good augury for the success of the 
Imperial Institute. 

March 12th, 1887. 

THE London Orphan Asylum, for the maintenance, clothing, and 
education of Fatherless Children, is one of the oldest and best 
charities of its class. The Prince of Wales presided at the Jubilee 
Festival, at the Hotel Metropole, on the 12th of March, 1887. 
Among the numerous friends of the charity present were the Duke 
of Abercorn, the Earl of Clarendon, Sir Donald Stewart, Sir 
Dighton Probyn, and many distinguished men. The Prince, in 
giving the toast of " The Queen," said it was the first public 
dinner at which he had presided in the Jubilee year of the Queen, 
and this was also the jubilee of her connection with the London 
Orphan Asylum, of which she had been for fifty years its patron. 
The toast was received with more than usual enthusiasm. 

Alderman Sir R. N. Fowler, M.P., in giving the next loyal toast 
said that the charity had been already deeply indebted to the 
Prince of Wales, who had, along with the Princess of Wales, laid 
the foundation stone of this Asylum at Watford. 

Other loyal and patriotic toasts having been given, the Prince 
rose to propose the toast of the evening. He said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, The London Orphan Asylum 
is an old institution ; it was founded in 1813, two years before 
the battle of Waterloo ; and it owed its origin to a distinguished 


philanthropist of the time, Dr. Andrew Eeed. Of course it 
began on a very small scale, for the old proverb applied in this 
as in so many other cases that you must cut your coat accord- 
ing to your cloth. It commenced in the first year of its organi- 
zation with only three children ; but in 1822 there were as 
many as 126 children in the school. Twenty years later there 
were as many as 326 ; twenty years later still there were 414 ; 
and now it affords me the greatest pleasure to announce to you 
that we have upwards of 500 children. 

" The first subscription list contained the names of 255 sub- 
scribers, and among them was my grandfather. He was the 
first patron and headed the list with 50 guineas ; and in 1823 
my grand-uncle, the late Duke of York, laid the foundation 
stone of the institution at Clapton ; while two years later the 
late Duke of Cambridge, who was always foremost in all great 
charitable undertakings in this country, presided at its annual 
festival. The institution continued to grow and more children 
had to be admitted, until at last there was not sufficient room 
in the old home. A new one was, therefore, instituted at 
Watford, arid in 1869 the Princess and myself were asked to 
lay the foundation stone of your present home. Having taken 
part in that ceremony, it gives me much gratification to learn in 
what a flourishing condition the institution now is, which is 
exemplified by the presence of upwards of 500 in the home. 
And when I look at the young ladies and the boys before us I 
think you will come to the conclusion that the management of 
the institution is thoroughly good. During the 74 years of the 
existence of the asylum something over 5000 orphan children 
have been maintained, clothed, and educated. 

" The great Duke of Wellington took very great interest in the 
institution, and I believe I am not wrong in stating that he 
presided at its festivals on five different occasions. A remark- 
able and very important fact in connection with the institution 
is that those who have received education and aid from the 
society are those who do all they can to give it support at the 
present time, and part of the institution at Watford was built 
by subscriptions of the old scholars, and I am told that there are 
as many as ten old pupils of the institution in one commercial 
house in the City, while many are present here to-night who 


are prepared to give liberal donations. The education they 
receive is a thoroughly sound and practical one, and when they 
leave every effort is made to find them situations, and they are 
sent out with proper clothing. As a proof that it is managed 
on economical principles I need only say that the cost per head 
in the past year amounted to little over 30. The amount dis- 
bursed in the 74 years since its foundation has reached the 
large sum of 700,000 all of this large sum, with the excep- 
tion of 1000 a year which you can rely upon, having been 
derived from voluntary contributions. 

"This year being the Jubilee of Her Majesty's reign the 
managers are most anxious to mark the epoch in some manner 
which will benefit the institution, and they have resolved to 
add 100 scholars, of whom 50 were admitted in January and 
50 more will be admitted in June. The cost of this will, un- 
doubtedly, be very great, the ultimate amount being between 
18,000 and 20,000. I am here, therefore, as your chairman, 
to ask you to contribute as liberally as you can for the main- 
tenance of this ancient and most creditable institution. I am 
well aware that now and for some years past there has been 
both agricultural and commercial depression, but I feel con- 
vinced that in the cause of charity and what greater charity 
can there be than providing for orphan children ? I shall not 
appeal in vain to my countrymen to do all in their power as 
philanthropists to support an institution which has been carried 
out on the best and most economical principles." 

The toast was drunk with mnch enthusiasm, and acknowledged 
by Mr. Capell (the treasurer). The total amount of the subscrip- 
tions announced during the evening was 5000, including an 
annual subscription of 20 guineas from the Queen and 100 guineas 
from the Prince of Wales. 

When the foundation-stone was laid by the Prince and Princess 
of Wales, in 1869, 250 purses were laid on it, containing iu all 
about 8000. For the chapel 5000 was given by one whose 
early days were spent in the Asylum. The Grocers' Company 
contributed 3000 to build one house ; the Countess of Verulam 
and the Countess of Essex raised another sum of 3000, as a kind 
of welcome io the county. The income in 1887 was 15,000, but 
the invested funds give little more than 1000, so that there is 
constant need of new " voluntary contributions," to maintain the 
550 orphans now in the houses. 


March 30/A, 1887. 

THE associated teachers who, under the name of the College of 
Preceptors, have for above forty years laboured to raise the standard 
of middle-class education, deserve praise and honour for what they 
have accomplished. Without Government aid or grant, and 
unpatronized by dignitaries of Church or State, these learned and 
patriotic men have succeeded, by training teachers, establishing 
examinations, and granting certificates, in acquiring a reputation 
and influence now very generally recognized. Their work is truly 
of national importance, and this His Royal Highness the Prince of 
Wales declared when he readily assented to formally open the new 
building of the College, in Bloomsbury Square, on the 30th of 
March, 1887. This College is self-supporting, and the cost of the 
erection and equipment of the new building was defrayed out of 
savings that had accumulated in the hands of the treasurer during 
the previous seven years. 

A very large number of persons interested in education assembled 
in the lecture-hall to witness the ceremony, among whom were Sir 
Lyon Playfair, Sir Richard Temple, Mr. Lyulph Stanley, the 
Dowager Lady Stanley of Alderley, the Presidents of several 
societies, and the Head Masters of Harrow, Charterhouse, and Mer- 
chant Taylors' Schools, of Marlborough and Dulwich Colleges, and 
of Christ's Hospital. 

On the arrival of the Prince of Wales, accompanied by the Prin- 
cess of Wales, and their daughters Princesses Victoria and Maud, 
an address was presented by the Rev. Dr. T. W. Jex-Blake, Presi- 
dent of the Council. The Prince, in replying, said : 

" Dr. Jex-Blake, Ladies, and Gentlemen, It gives the 
Princess of Wales and myself great satisfaction to have been 
able to accede to the request of the council, and to open the new 
building of the College of Preceptors. I am reminded, by your 
reference to the circumstances that this building is opened 
during the year of the Queen's jubilee, of the many and im- 
portant improvements that have taken place in Her Majesty's 
dominions during the last fifty years, and especially in the 
advancement of education among all classes of the people, a 
share of which progress is due to the excellent work undertaken 
by this self-supported institution. 

" For over forty years the College of Preceptors has exercised a 
marked and growing influence for good upon the education given 


in some of our endowed schools, and more particularly in the 
numerous private schools for boys and girls which are an im- 
portant feature in the educational system of this country. The 
value of your work is sufficiently shown by the high reputation 
of your examinations and by the' constantly increasing number 
of your candidates, and I sincerely congratulate you on the 
results you have achieved. In the further development of the 
work of training teachers you have before you a future of great 
usefulness, for there can be no doubt that the provision of 
properly-trained teachers for middle and higher schools is 
almost, if not quite, as necessary as for our public elementary 

" The key of the building which you have presented to me I 
shall retain as a memento of this ceremony, and in declaring 
this building open I fervently hope that the influence and 
teaching which will go forth from it may tend to improve and 
to raise to a yet higher standard the education given in the 
private and secondary schools of our country. I declare this 
building now open." 

The Royal party were afterwards conducted through the build- 
ing, the arrangements of which are justly admired. The entrance 
corridor is wide and lofty. On one side of it there is a club-room 
for members, and on the other the secretary's and clerks' offices. 
The council-room is large and handsome, and the lecture-room 
occupies the whole of the second story, and is surrounded by book- 
cases capable of holding 10,000 volumes. 

May 3rd, 1887. 

THE great Exhibition at Manchester during the Queen's Jubilee 
year is too recent an event to need any remark prefatory to the 
statement that it was opened by the Prince and Princess of Wales 
on the 3rd of May, 1887. Their Royal Highnesses, who were 
guests at Tatton Hall, drove with Lord Egerton through the park 
to Knutsford, where they stopped to witness the crowning of the 
May Queen, and other old English May Day customs which have 
been revived in that quaint little town. The Prince gave the 
permission asked by the Committee to add the title of Eoyal to 
the Knutsford May Day Sports. They then travelled in a saloon 


carriage to Manchester, accompanied by Lady Sefton and Lord 

On arriving at the Town Hall an address was presented, to 
which the Prince read the following reply: 

" It gives me sincere pleasure to be permitted on behalf of the 
Queen, my dear mother, to visit the city of Manchester for the 
purpose of opening the extensive and interesting Exhibition 
which the inhabitants of Manchester have organized with such 
admirable zeal and energy, particularly as it is associated with 
your congratulations on Her Majesty's attaining the fiftieth 
year of her reign. In her name I thank you for your loyal and 
dutiful address. It has been a source of much gratification to 
the Queen to receive assurance of unfaltering attachment to her 
throne and person from all parts of the Empire on the occasion. 
The Princess of Wales and I desire to express our admiration 
of the noble building which you have provided for the conduct 
of your municipal affairs, and we think it worthy of the vast 
wealth and importance of the city of Manchester. It gives us 
great satisfaction to be able to promote and encourage all 
charitable works and institutions designed for the social and 
educational improvement of the community. We thank you 
for your good wishes for the welfare of ourselves and our 
children, and we hope that prosperity and happiness may ever 
attend on the labours of the loyal and industrious inhabitants 
of this great city." 

The route of the procession from the Town Hall to the Exhibi- 
tion was a very long one, being chosen by the Prince in preference 
to a shorter one submitted to him, on the ground that he would 
rather afford pleasure to a larger number of people than see the 
finer edifices' on the shorter route. In the Palm House of the 
gardens luncheon was served, and then the opening ceremony 
took place in the nave of the building, in the position known as 
the Music Boom. Mr. Halle's orchestra was in front of the organ, 
and the National Anthem was performed with fine effect, the vocal 
rendering being also given by Madame Albani and the full chorus. 
The Bishop of Manchester offered prayer, and the choir sang the 
Old Hundredth Psalm. To the address read by Sir Joseph Lee, 
the Prince replied : 

" I receive with great satisfaction your address on the 
opening of this large and instructive Exhibition. On behalf 
of Her Majesty I declare it open from this day. The illustra- 


tions which you have collected on "engineering and chemical 
industry, and the products of manufacture and useful toil, 
afford ample testimony to the skill and ingenuity and steady 
perseverance of the inhabitants of this district, and prove how 
justly they hold a high and an honourable place in the in- 
dustrial ranks of the Empire. The collection of natural products 
and manufactures of Ireland, and the gratifying display of 
English works of art, add much to the interest and value of 
this Exhibition, in which I recognise a worthy mark of your 
desire to do honour to an occasion so auspicious as the celebra- 
tion of the fiftieth year of Her Majesty's reign. The Princess 
and I desire to thank you heartily for your good wishes on 
our behalf, and for the cordial welcome which you have 
given us." 

The Prince, in the name of the Queen, declared the Exhibition 
open. A fanfare of trumpets was then given and a feu de joie 
fired. The proceedings closed with a procession through the 
different departments, while the " Lobgesang " or " Hymn of 
Praise " was rendered by the full orchestra and chorus. At the 
Exhibition station a special train was waiting to take the Eoyal 
party back to Tatton Hall. 

May 22nd, 1887. 

THE London Hospital has many and special claims on public 
sympathy and support. Its position, in Whitechapel, surrounded 
by poor and crowded parts of East London ; its small endowments 
compared with some of the other great hospitals ; the vast number 
of patients annually relieved, both in the house and as out- 
patients ; and its being virtually a " free " hospital, nearly three- 
fourths of the in-patients being received without letter or recom- 
mendation ; all these circumstances appeal to liberal charity. In 
1887 there were 8863 in-patients admitted, of which 6019 were 
freely received, without letters of subscribers. There are children's 
wards where, during the same time, 1717 were admitted; and 
Hebrew wards, where 623 received treatment. The total number 
of out-patients, treated either at the Hospital or at their homes, 
was nearly 100,000, including relief given in less serious and 
protracted illness. The income from endowments is little more 
than 15,000 a year, while the annual cost of maintenance is 



50,000. The Medical School is supported by the fees of pupils, 
but for the general maintenance of the Hospital appeal must be 
made to the public for voluntary subscriptions and contributions. 

A Nursing Home, to accommodate 100 nurses, a new Library, 
and other buildings having been recently added, the Prince and 
Princess of Wales were invited by the Governors, of whom the 
Duke of Cambridge is President, to inaugurate these additions 
to the institution. This was done, with suitable ceremony, on 
Saturday, the 21st of May, 1887. The Princesses Louise and 
Victoria of Wales, and the Crown Prince of Denmark were also 
present. The Governors and officers of the Hospital, with many 
distinguished persons, were in attendance, and great interest was 
shown by the crowds of people who thronged the streets on the 
occasion. The Royal party visited several of the wards, where 
the Princess of Wales showed kindly sympathy with many of the 
poor patients, especially in the children's wards. On arriving at 
the dining-hall of the nurses and sisters, who wear a plain and 
tasteful uniform, a hymn was sung, and a prayer offered by the 
Bishop of Bedford, after which, at the request of the Duke of 
Cambridge, the Princess of Wales formally declared the Nursing 
Home to be open. 

The Medical College was then visited, and in the new library 
an address was presented by the President. The Prince of Wales, 
in acknowledging the address, said: 

" Your Eoyal Highness and Gentlemen, The Princess and 
myself thank you for your address, and can assure you that we 
have much pleasure in coming here to-day to open the nursing 
home and college buildings of this important institution. The 
Hospital, which is the largest civil one in the United Kingdom, 
which contains 800 beds and which supplied medical and 
surgical assistance to 80,000 out-patients last year, may be 
regarded almost in the light of a national institution, as every 
description of case, excepting those of an infectious or incurable 
nature, is admitted. Such a Hospital cannot fail to be of 
inestimable value to the population of over a million persons 
residing in its vicinity, and especially to the labouring class, 
who are so extensively employed in connection with the rail- 
ways and docks. But it has other and additional claims upon 
public sympathy and assistance. First, although its annual 
expenditure amounts to nearly 50,000, it is mainly supported 
by voluntary contributions; secondly, it has undertaken the 
difficult task of improving the system of nursing and of pro- 
viding a higher class of nurses, with better discipline and 


superior training and instruction. To effect this object house 
accommodation was essential, and instead of closely-packed 
dormitories the new home provides separate rooms, a cheerful 
dining hall, and other advantages, all tending to brighten the 
lives of the inmates, while reserving for them the necessary 
quiet and rest. 

" The new library and buildings which I am now about to 
declare open belong to a college over 100 years old. It was 
the first in the Metropolis in which a complete curriculum 
was established, and being attached to the largest Hospital in 
the country, and situated in the midst of the most populous 
artisan neighbourhood in London, it offers greater facilities for 
the acquirement of medical and surgical knowledge than 
perhaps any other college of a scientific character. I understand 
that among the important duties which the students perform 
are those of dressers, clinical clerks, maternity pupils, and 
other assistants, and from their number the resident officers are 
selected after having become qualified practitioners. The 
Princess and I most earnestly pray that every blessing may 
attend the labours and efforts of all those who are working 
among the sufferers in the Hospital, and you may rest assured 
that we shall always take the warmest interest in the welfare 
and prosperity of your noble institution." 

Dr. Langdon Down, the senior physician, in thanking His Royal 
Highness on behalf of his colleagues and the students, explained 
that the new buildings did not diminish the funds of the Hospital, 
as a rent was paid for them by the teaching staff of the medical 
school. The Prince then declared the new buildings and the 
library to be open. The Duke of Cambridge then called for three 
cheers for the Prince and Princess, which were given with great 
heartiness, followed by " one cheer more for the Duke," who has 
always been a zealous and generous friend of the London Hospital. 

Y 2 



May 28th, 1887. 

THE object of the Deaconesses' Institution at Tottenham is " the 
training of Christian women to serve as deaconesses " that is to 
say, as sisters trained for working, teaching, and nursing, without 
being subject to any obligation or vow of celibacy, as is usual in 
the sisterhoods of Roman Catholic communities. The training of 
nurses is one of the chief purposes sought, following in this the 
example of the celebrated institution of Kaiserwerth, where, under 
Pastor Fliedner, Florence Nightingale and other English as well 
as German nurses were trained. In fact the full title of the 
establishment at the Green, Tottenham, is the " Evangelical 
Protestant Deaconesses' Institution and Training Hospital." The 
Hospital contains 100 beds for the sick poor, and there are also a 
few private rooms for paying patients. Thousands of the poor 
are also attended every year in the neighbourhood. 

From the commencement of the work, in 1867, the late Samuel 
Morley, M.P., took warm interest in it, and at his death two of his 
sons, Howard and Charles Morley, erected a new wing to the 
building, as a memorial of their father. It was to open the 
" Samuel Morley " memorial wing that the Princess of Wales, 
accompanied by the Prince and their three daughters, visited 
Tottenham on the 29th of May, 1887. A large number of persons 
were assembled, including deputations from foreign countries, 
Pastor Fliedner from Kaiserwerth, Pastor Nehmitz from Berlin, 
and other Pastors, Lady Superintendents, and Deaconesses from 
German and Danish institutions. 

When the Eoyal party had been conducted to the marquee 
where the ceremony was to take place an address was read to the 
Princess of Wales by Dr. Laseron, the medical director. The 
Prince, in replying on behalf of the Princess, said : 

"Dr. Laseron, Ladies, and Gentlemen, The Princess of 
Wales desires me to express her sincerest thanks for the address 
which has just been read to her, and to express to all who take 
an interest in this institution the great pleasure and gratification 
it affords her to take part in to-day's proceedings. There can 
be, I am sure, nothing more noble or more praiseworthy than 
an institution like this, in which women give up their lives to 
the object of philanthropy in order to heal and mitigate the 
sufferings of the sick. An institution like the Deaconesses' 
Institution is one well worthy of the support of all. I am sure 


that the proceeding of to-day, in opening a fresh wing of this 
hospital, is a sincere gratification to the Princess, and especially 
that it should be called after the name of one whom I have had 
the privilege of knowing, and whom you all knew, at any rate 
by name, and whose loss we must all deeply deplore the late 
Samuel Morley. I am sure no more fitting name could be 
given to the new wing than that it should be called after him 
who, with the members of his family one of whom I am glad 
to see here to-day has contributed so much to the prosperity 
of this institution. In the name of the Princess I beg to 
express to you the pleasure it gives us to be present here 

Purses were then presented to the Princess by many girls, as 
gifts to the funds, and Dr. Laseron handed to her Eoyal Highness 
a key to unlock the new wing. The Eoyal party were then 
conducted to the hall, where the Princess unveiled the " Samuel 
Morley Tablet," bearing an inscription commemorative of the 

June 13th, 1887. 

HER GRACIOUS MAJESTY being the chief patroness of the Order of 
Freemasons, and of the Masonic charities, it was deemed fitting 
that an address should be presented to her on the occasion of her 
Jubilee. Accordingly, the Prince of Wales, with the Duke of Con- 
naught and Prince Albert Victor, and a vast company of officers 
and members of the Order, representatives chosen by lodges in 
different parts of the empire, assembled in the Eoyal Albert Hall 
on the 13th of June, 1887. The number present was about 7000. 
No such scene has been witnessed since that day, twelve years 
before, when the Prince was installed as Grand Master of English 
Freemasons. The procession which received the Grand Master 
and conducted him to the throne was a magnificent affair. The 
assemblage, we are told, although " tyled," was not held as a lodge. 
The business of the meeting being opened, his Eoyal Highness the 
Grand Master said : 

" Brethren, This is, I think, one of the greatest gatherings of 
Freemasons I have ever seen, with the exception of the occasion 
when, after election by the craft, I received the honour of 
installation as your Grand Master. It is most gratifying to me, 


as I feel sure it will be to the Queen, that so large a gathering 
has assembled here to-day to do her honour on the fiftieth anni- 
versary of her reign the Jubilee of her accession. This gather- 
ing will be a proof to her, as it is also to me, of the great 
devotion and loyalty of the craft to the Throne a devotion and 
loyalty which have ever animated the Free and Accepted Masons 
of England. We are here, brethren, as you are aware, for the 
purpose of moving an address to the Queen, congratulating her 
upon having attained the fiftieth anniversary of her reign. You 
are well aware that my ancestors some of them former 
Sovereigns of this nation did much in support of Freemasonry, 
and, though they well knew it to be a secret society, they were 
well assured that it was in no wise a dangerous one. Among 
our tenets of motives ' loyalty ' and ' philanthropy ' stand out 
prominently, and we are proud of the fact. I assure you, 
brethren, that it is most gratifying to me to receive so large, 
important, and influential a gathering as this to-day, and I am 
rejoiced that in the many events which are to be the signs of 
the people's rejoicing at the Jubilee of the Queen, this meeting, 
at the Eoyal Albert Hall, of the Free and^ Accepted Masons of 
England will be first on the list. I will now call upon Grand 
Secretary, Colonel Shadwell E. Clerke, to read the proposed 
address, and then our worshipful brother the Earl of Carnarvon 
will move its adoption." 

The Address and the Speech were on the same lines as most of 
the Jubilee addresses, but of course -with special reference to the 
loyalty and the devotion of Freemasons. The great company 
having chanted the National Anthem, the ceremony of giving 
Jubilee honours was performed, among the numerous recipients of 
which were the Maharajah of Kuch-Behar, the Lord Mayor of 
London, Sir Francis Knollys, Sir Philip Cunliffe Owen, and Sir 
Charles Warren. 

The Grand Master announced that the amount paid by the mem- 
bers that day amounted to upwards of 6000, the whole of which 
would go to the Masonic charities for children and the aged, under 
the rules of the Order. 

( 327 ) 

June 17th, 1887. 

THE Prince and Princess of Wales, accompanied by Prince George 
and Princess Louise of Wales, went on the 17th of June, 1887, to 
lay the foundation stone of a central building for the " National 
Eefuges for Homeless and Destitute Children." There are many 
institutions in London for similar objects, but this charity is one 
of old standing, and one of the most important and best. It was 
established in 1843 under the patronage of Lord Shaftesbury, in 
Great Queen Street. The income of the Society was only 180 in 
the first year, and all that could be attempted was to shelter and 
teach a few poor children in a " Ragged School," open two evenings 
a week. The efforts of Mr. W. Williams, the Secretary, and zealous 
coadjutors, were successful in gradually increasing the operations 
of the Society, till, in the year of the Queen's Jubilee, the Com- 
mittee had the satisfaction of managing seven industrial homes, in 
town and country, with more than 1000 children, and two training 
ships, the Chichester and the Arethma, with an annual income of 
about 20,000. The good work in its various departments con- 
tinues to prosper. All this and more was stated in an address by 
the Earl of Jersey, Chairman of the Reception Committee. Among 
the friends of the Society who had witnessed its progress, and 
helped it from the beginning, was Mr. John MacGregor, the founder 
of the Shoe-black Brigade, and the chief helper of the Secretary in 
bringing the Chichester to its high excellence as a training-ship. 

The ceremony was performed in a tent erected on the site of the 
new Home, in Shaftesbury Avenue, close to the once notorious 
Seven Dials. The building is intended to provide shelter for 100 
homeless boys, a home for 35 working lads, a club for "old boys" 
trained in the institution, and the central offices of the Society. 
After the address had been read, the Prince of Wales thus spoke : 

" Lord Jersey, Ladies, and Gentlemen, In thanking you for 
the address which you have just read, allow me to express to 
you, and to this great assemblage, the very great gratification it 
gives both the Princess and myself to be here to-day, to take 
part in so interesting and what I may also call a most important 
ceremony. You are well aware of the deep interest and 
solicitude we take with regard to all classes of the community 
in this great Metropolis, but we claim that we take especial 
interest in what concerns the well-being and the welfare of the 
working classes and of the poor of London. It is therefore a great 
gratification to us that I should be afforded the opportunity to- 


day of laying the foundation stone of a home to be called ' The 
Jubilee Memorial Home/ in commemoration of the fiftieth year 
of the Queen's reign, and, at the same time, I rejoice to think 
that this building is to be named ' The Shaftesbury House,' as a 
memorial of the great and distinguished philanthropist whose 
loss we must always and shall ever deeply deplore. Most 
sincerely do we hope that this home may be the means of 
bringing many of those waifs and strays always existing in so 
great a metropolis as ours ; we trust, too, that they may have 
such an education and training that, as they grow older, they 
may be able to go out into the world honest and respectable 
citizens, and have an opportunity of gaining their livelihood. I 
thank you again, Lord Jersey, for this address, and assure you 
that it gives us the greatest pleasure to be here to-day." 

The stone was then well and truly laid, and his Royal Highness 
was presented with the trowel. A paper was laid by the Prince 
upon the stone, and Lord Jersey announced the gift of 50 from his 
Koyal Highness, 30 from Sir Robert Garden, and other donations. 
" God bless the Prince of Wales," and the " National Anthem " were 
then chanted. The Royal party left amidst enthusiastic cheering. 
A large number of the boys from the country homes were present, 
and from the training-ships in their sailor costumes. 

November 3rd, 1887. 

THE foundation stone of Truro Cathedral was laid in 1879 by the 
Prince of Wales, with Masonic ceremony. He was accompanied by 
the Princess of Wales, Prince Albert Victor, and Prince George. 
The Prince was again asked to be present at the Consecration, 
when the building was completed. The ceremony took place on 
the 3rd of November, 1887. On arriving at the station, the Mayor 
of Truro presented an Address, to which the Prince thus replied : 

" I thank you for your loyal address and for the kind words 
with which you receive me on this memorable occasion. It 
affords me the most unfeigned satisfaction to be able to attend 
the great religious service which is held .here to-day, and to be 
present at the consummation of the important ceremony in 
which I took a leading part more than seven years ago. The 


interest which the Duchess of Cornwall and I have felt in the 
progress of the work has continued unabated since that period, 
and she commissions me to assure you how deep is her regret 
and disappointment that unavoidable causes prevent her from 
accompanying me to the consecration of the first Protestant 
cathedral erected in England since St. Paul's in London. I 
join most heartily in the expression of your hopes that the 
western part of the building may ere long be completed, and I 
trust that circumstances will then allow me once more to visit 
a town which can boast of having been mentioned in Domesday 
Book 800 years ago. Let me in conclusion, gentlemen, express 
my warm acknowledgments to you for the loyal and cordial 
terms in which you allude to the Queen and the Duchess of 

The Archbishop of Canterbury, the predecessor of the present 
Bishop, and a large number of the Episcopal body, with many of 
the clergy and laity of the diocese, were present in the Cathedral. 
The service, including the administration of the Holy Communion, 
occupied nearly four hours. After the service the Prince drove to 
the Truro Public Kooms, where about four hundred of the principal 
residents of Cornwall assembled for luncheon, Lord St. Germans, 
Lord Lieutenant of the County, presiding. 

The noble Chairman, after proposing the toast of " The Queen," 
gave that of " Their Koyal Guest," who, he trusted, felt at home 
in his ancient Duchy. The Prince, in reply, said : 

"Lord Mount-Edgcumbe, Ladies, and Gentlemen, I am 
deeply touched by the very kind manner in which this toast 
has been proposed by our Lord Lieutenant and by the way in 
which it has been received. Although it has not been my good 
fortune to come as often to this ancient Duchy as I could have 
wished, still among the different visits which I have been able 
to pay you none has given me greater pleasure and satisfaction 
than that which I am paying at the present moment. You may 
rest assured that I feel proud of the ancient title that I bear. 
The interest that I take in the welfare of the county will never 
be diminished. Seven years and a half ago I was enabled to 
lay the foundation stone of this cathedral with Masonic honours. 
To-day I have been present at its consecration. The most 
interesting service and religious ceremony at which we have 
assisted to-day are not likely to be forgotten by me, nor by any 


of you. It is the event of a lifetime, and I congratulate you, 
the Duchy, the county, and all connected with it, on the erec- 
tion of so noble an edifice, and I trust that before long we may 
see the completion of the building. It is a real sorrow to me 
that the Princess of Wales and some of my children should not 
have accompanied me on this occasion as they did when the 
foundation stone was laid. Although they are far away, you 
may feel sure that they take a great interest in what is being 
done here to-day. Time is short and we have to leave. If, 
therefore, the words I have uttered to you to-day are few, you 
must not question their sincerity and heartiness. I thank you 
for the kind reception that you always give me when I come 
among you. Before sitting down I wish to give one toast, 
which I am sure you will drink with pleasure. It is 'The 
Health of our Lord Lieutenant.' You know how much is due 
to him and to your Bishop. I am sure that it is a source of 
great satisfaction to them to see so many distinguished prelates 
around them on this great occasion and so large a body of the 

The toast was received with enthusiasm, and the company would 
have remained standing while the air " God bless the Prince of 
Wales" was being played upon the organ, had not the Prince 
motioned to them to resume their seats. 

November 4th, 1887. 

THE visit of the Prince of Wales to the West of England closed 
with the ceremony of presenting new colours to the 2nd Battalion 
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry at Devonport. On his arrival, 
an address was presented by the Corporation. The Prince replied : 

" I have had much satisfaction in receiving your address, and 
I thank you for your kind welcome to a borough in which on 
more than one occasion I have experienced a very cordial 
reception. I have a perfect recollection of the circumstances of 
my departure for Canada to which you allude. It is hardly 
necessary for me to remind you of the many important events 
which have occurred in the history of this kingdom, and in my 


own life, since the day on which I embarked for North America 
from your port, twenty-seven years ago. Let me express to 
you my warm acknowledgments for your gratifying recognition 
of my earnest endeavours to encourage all undertakings tending 
to promote the welfare of this great country. I am well aware 
that the position which I occupy as the eldest son of the 
Sovereign entails upon me the performance of duties which it 
always has been my most earnest desire to fulfil to the utmost 
of my ability, and I can assure my fellow-countrymen that in 
the future, as in the past, they will at all times find me anxious 
to respond to any call which they may make upon me to aid 
them in the advancement of any object either of charity or of 
public utility." 

The Prince then drove to the Raglan Barracks, where the 
regiment awaited his arrival. 

The usual ceremonies on such occasions were proceeded with, 
and the old colours, which had been borne by the 46th, or South 
Devon Regiment, as it was formerly called, through the Crimean 
War and in Egypt, were taken to the rear to the music of " Auld 
Lang Syne." The new colours, after the prayer of consecration 
by the chaplain of the garrison, were presented to the lieutenants. 
The Prince then addressed the troops : 

" Colonel Grieve, Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, and 
Men of the 2nd Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 
You have conferred a great pleasure and satisfaction upon me 
in having asked me to give your efficient regiment new colours. 
I do so with the greatest pleasure, because I know that, in 
giving these new colours, I intrust them to the care of a regi- 
ment which has distinguished itself for many years in every 
part of the globe, and that they are certain to be in safe hands, 
and will continue to do honour to their Sovereign and country 
as heretofore. I am proud to be associated with your regiment 
as Honorary Colonel of the 3rd Battalion. I am aware that, 
perhaps, the old name of the 46th is more dear to you ; but I 
feel sure that, whether under that name or under the present 
one, you will continue to bear the high state of efficiency which 
has always existed ever since the regiment was raised. 

Your regiment was raised, as I am aware, in 1741, and you 
distinguished yourselves in the War of Independence. In con- 
sequence, in 1777, of your Light Company at Dominica having 


gallantly defended General Wayns, you were awarded the 
privilege of wearing red feathers, a distinction which you still 
bear in the shape of red cloth on your helmets, and of which 
you feel very proud. I am also aware that your regiment 
served with distinction in the Crimea, and these old colours, 
which are to be carried by the old regiment no more, were given 
to you on board ship, prior to landing in the Crimea, and have 
been used for many years. You have since served in different 
parts of the Empire, and especially in the recent campaign in 
Egypt and in the Nile Expedition, under the command of the 
late gallant and lamented General Earle. There is much more 
that I could say in connection with your distinguished services, 
but, owing to the want of time and the unfortunate inclemency 
of the weather, I do not wish to detain the regiment longer 
than is necessary on parade. Let me congratulate you, Colonel 
Grieve, on the smart appearance of your regiment and the 
admirable way in which they look. I sincerely hope the regi- 
ment, as opportunities offer, though I hope they may not, 
whether in the defensive or offensive, will continue as it always 
has to distinguish itself. I can congratulate you, Colonel 
Grieve, upon the honour of commanding so fine and efficient a 

May Sth, 1888. 

ON the Sth of May, 1888, the Exhibition at Glasgow was opened by 
the Prince and Princess of Wales. There have been many Exhi- 
bitions, international and national, since the famous "World's 
Fair " of 1851, but few of them have surpassed, in variety of 
interest, that which the Glasgow people have successfully carried 
out, in the spacious and picturesque building in Kelvin Grove 
Park. Certainly, not one of the national Exhibitions has offered so 
wonderful a display of the wealth., enterprise, and versatility in 
productive industry, of the subjects of the British Crown. There 
was at Manchester an unrivalled collection of art-treasures, and at 
other places there have been special features of distinction. But, 
on the whole, the Exhibition at Glasgow has been one of most 
varied excellence, worthy of the Queen's Jubilee year, when the 
preparations were made for it, and worthy of the silver-wedding 
year of the Prince and Princess, whose presence was welcomed ou 


the opening day. The experience of other Exhibitions has not 
been lost, and one of the most interesting portions of the show has 
been the antiquarian and historical collection displayed in the Old 
" Bishop's Palace," after the manner of the artificial constructions 
first made familiar in the streets of " Old London " at South 

Before opening the Exhibition, the Prince and Princess were 
received in the Corporation Chambers by the Lord Provost, 
magistrates, and a distinguished assembly. An address of welcome 
was read by Dr. Marwick, the Town Clerk, some of the points of 
which may be gathered from the reply of the Prince, which was as 
follows : 

"My Lord Provost and Gentlemen, I have received your 
address with feelings of sincere satisfaction, and I thank you on 
behalf of the Princess of Wales and myself for your cordial 
words of welcome and your kind reference to our Silver Wedding. 
We have come here to-day to celebrate, in one of the most 
prosperous cities of the United Kingdom, the inauguration of a 
great national work of the highest and most varied interest, and 
one altogether worthy of your important city. I can assure you 
I thoroughly understand and appreciate the anxious desire 
which has prevailed among you that an Industrial Exhibition 
should be held this year in Glasgow, and I consider that with 
the commercial, manufacturing, and mercantile eminence which 
she enjoys, such a desire is not only right and proper in the 
highest degree, but natural and commendable. We warmly 
sympathise with you in this feeling, and I would that my 
lamented father were alive now to witness the development of 
the general idea of which he was the originator. The relations 
of this city with all the markets of the civilised world have long 
been well known, but they have been immensely extended 
during the present century by the energy and enterprise of those 
merchants and citizens, who, by deepening the Clyde and pro- 
viding the extensive harbour and dock accommodation which now 
exists, have overcome the natural disadvantages of its position, 
and given it a permanent place among the shipping ports and 
commercial centres of the Kingdom. Let me, my Lord Provost 
and Gentlemen, sincerely thank you for the loyal terms in which 
you alluded to the Queen. I shall have much pleasure in com- 
municating to Her Majesty the hope that you have expressed 
that she will visit your magnificent Exhibition, and I will not 


fail to acquaint her likewise with your words of devotion to her 
throne and person." 

The Eoyal party left the Council Chamher for the Lord Provost's 
residence, where they partook of luncheon. After the luncheon 
the Eoyal party passed under a triumphal arch at the "West-end 
Park main entrance, and over the Prince of Wales Bridge, 
opposite the Exhibition gate. Sir Archibald Campbell, President 
of the Executive Committee, here met the Prince, and a number of 
gentlemen who have been instrumental in promoting the Exhi- 
bition were introduced to his Eoyal Highness. Sir A. Campbell 
handed to the Prince a gold key, and his Eoyal Highness, amidst 
cheers, opened the east door of the vestibule, and entered the 
Exhibition. The Prince and Princess walked to the front of the 
platform of the Grand Hall, the Glasgow Choral Union meanwhile 
singing the National Anthem, and the Artillery on the neighbour- 
ing heights firing a salute of twenty-one guns. After their Eoyal 
Highnesses were seated and prayers had been read by the Eev. 
Dr. D. M'Leod, Sir A. Campbell presented an address. 

The Prince of Wales, accepting the address, said : 

" Sir Archibald Campbell, my Lords and Gentlemen, I thank 
you for your address, and I can assure you that it affords the 
Princess of Wales and myself very sincere pleasure to be present 
on this important occasion. That gratification is increased by 
the sense of the connection which you have recognised as existing 
between this International Exhibition and that in which my 
revered father took so deep an interest and so active a part. 
The various Exhibitions which have been held since 1851 have 
undoubtedly done much, not only to enlist the sympathy of the 
nations of the world and to engage them in friendly rivalries of 
industrial competition, but largely to extend our knowledge of 
every branch of manufacture, and to afford pleasure to all ranks 
and classes of society in every country in which these Exhibi- 
tions have been held. Recognising the benefits which they have 
thus conferred, such Exhibitions can never fail to enlist the 
sympathy of the Queen and command the support of the Princess 
and myself. We are here to-day to give personal testimony to 
that feeling, and to express our satisfaction not only with the 
public spirit with which the undertaking has been supported 
financially, but with the enthusiasm with which exhibitors from 
all parts of the world have enriched the collections of science, 
art, and industry gathered within these buildings. 


" Nor is it possible to overlook the special appropriateness of 
such an Exhibition in this city, in which the researches and 
discoveries of Black, of Watt, and, in our own day, of Thomson, 
have been productive of world-wide benefits to mankind. In 
the application of science also, Glasgow can point with just pride 
to Bell, whose ' Comet ' is still preserved as a memorial of the 
first attempt to apply the forces of steam to the propulsion of 
ships, and to the multifarious industries which have here found 
a home. To the widely different character of these industries, 
which secure to the population of this district immunity from 
many of the risks which necessarily attend devotion to one 
special department of labour, it is only possible to allude in 
general terms. Here there exist and flourish side by side great 
establishments for shipbuilding, the production of marine 
machinery, locomotives, mill machinery, and mechanical appli- 
ances for the working of iron and coal for -the production of 
mineral oil, the manufacture of thread, glass, and pottery, carpet- 
weaving, dyeing and printing. It must not likewise be over- 
looked that Glasgow was the cradle of the steam-carrying trade 
with America and the great mercantile centres of the world. 
It is gratifying to me to learn that, in the comprehensive col- 
lection to be found here, due regard has been paid to the 
exhibition of works of art, and that the walls of your galleries 
are enriched by many and valuable paintings and works of 
sculpture. Here, as in the Exhibition at Manchester, are to be 
found evidences of the fact that the successful prosecution of 
trade, manufacture, and commerce afford not only the means of 
gratifying, but of developing the taste for art. 

" Not the least interesting of all is the section in which an 
honourable place has been given to the works of artisan 
exhibitors. In every industrial community, and nowhere more 
so than in Glasgow, the development of the taste, skill, and 
handicraft of its operatives must always command a respectful 
consideration and interest. To the Women's Industry Section 
we shall also look with special sympathy, recognising the im- 
portance of encouraging every means by which women's work 
may be made productive. 

" It is also a gratification to us to observe that the artistic 
building in which the Exhibition is contained occupies an 


appropriate position within, I may almost say, the shadow of 
the University of Glasgow, the second in antiquity of the old 
Universities of Scotland. The site of the University is no 
doubt modern ; but it is satisfactory to see the Institution which 
was founded through the influence of King James II. in 1450 
in a more flourishing state at present than at any previous 
period of its history. It only remains now for the Princess and 
myself to express our earnest hope that this great Exhibition 
may prove an immense success, and that the thousands who, we 
trust, will visit it may derive such instruction from an examina- 
tion of its various sections as will prove of material advantage 
to them for years to come." 

After an Inauguration Ode had been sung, the Prince declared 
the Exhibition open, amid much enthusiasm. The Hallelujah 
Chorus was then given by the choir. The Eoyal party spent con- 
siderable time in inspecting various parts of the Exhibition, the 
Princess being specially interested in the " Women's Industries " 
Section ; after which they returned to the Central Bailway 
Station, en route to Hamilton Palace. 

On the same day, May 8, the Queen, accompanied by the Princess 
Christian, and other members of tbe Eoyal family, honoured by 
her presence the performance of Sir Arthur Sullivan's Golden 
Legend, given by command at the Eoyal Albert Hall. Later in 
the year, on the 22nd August, she gratified the citizens of Glasgow 
by visiting the Exhibition, in response to the loyal invitation from 
the Corporation and the Committee given to the Prince on the 
opening day. The Queen honoured Sir Archibald Campbell, of 
Blythswood, Chairman of the Committee, by being his guest on 
that occasion. The opportunity of this Eoyal visit was taken for 
opening the new municipal buildings in George Square. It was 
nearly forty years since Her Majesty, along with the lamented 
Prince Consort, had visited the western capital of Scotland. No 
city in her Majesty's dominions has made more wonderful progress 
than Glasgow, or made more eager use of its natural advantages. 
The visit of the Prince of Wales at the opening of the Exhibition, 
and the subsequent visit of the Queen will make the year 1888 
ever memorable in the annals of Glasgow. 

( 337 ) 

June 5th, 1888. 

AMONG the memorials of illustrious men in the gardens of the 
Thames Embankment, no one will be honoured more than the 
statue to Sir Bartle Frere. It was erected by public subscription, 
in memory of his private virtues and of his public services. The 
grand bronze figure of the patriotic Englishman is much admired. 
The likeness is good, and the whole monument, with its pedestal of 
Cornish granite, imposing. Many distinguished men were present 
to witness the unveiling of the statue by the Prince of Wales on 
the 5th of June, 1888. He was accompanied by the Princess, and 
their two daughters, the Princesses Maud and Victoria. Among 
the company were the Duke of Cambridge, the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, Lord Napier of Magdala, and Sir Eichard Temple, 
M.P., who asked the Prince of Wales to perform the ceremony. 
The Prince said : 

" Sir Eichard Temple, Ladies, and Gentlemen, It gave me 
great pleasure, after the lamented death of Sir Bartle Frere, to 
accept the post of President of the Committee, especially when 
we found that a Memorial like this statue was to be erected to 
the memory of a great and valued public servant of the Crown, 
and at the same time to a highly esteemed and dear friend ot 
myself." His Eoyal Highness then briefly recounted the chief 
points in Sir Bartle Frere's long and distinguished career in 
India and Africa, a career with which all present were doubtless 
acquainted. Continuing, His Eoyal Highness remarked : 
" For his services in India, whither he first went in the year 
1834, in the service of the East India Company, Sir Bartle 
Frere twice received the thanks of both Houses of Parliament. 
On his return home he successfully conducted negotiations 
with the Sultan of Zanzibar for the suppression of the slave 
trade, and, later, I had the good fortune to have his services 
during my journey to India in 1876. The last, but no means 
the least, important of Sir Bartle Frere's duties was as Governor- 
General of the Cape of Good Hope and Lord High Commissioner 
to South Africa. There is much more that I might say, but the 
facts are known to history, and I will, therefore, in conclusion, 
merely express my thanks for having been asked to perform 



this ceremony, and remind those present that, on this very day 
four years ago, when the late Sir Bartle Frere was laid to his 
rest, the procession passed by the spot where the statue now 

July 6th, 1888. 

THE Prince of "Wales, accompanied by Prince Albert Victor, opened 
the new gymnasium connected with the Central Young Men's 
Christian Association, on the 6th of July, 1888. The gymnasium is 
in Long Acre, in what was formerly the Queen's Theatre. The 
King of Sweden and Norway, Lord Aberdeen, President of the 
Gymnastic Club, Mr. J. Herbert Tritton, President of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, Lord Charles Beresford, Lord 
Kinnaird, the Earl of Meath, the Bishop of London, Lord Brassey, 
Lord Harris, and other distinguished persons were present. The 
Bishop of London offered a dedicatory prayer. The Earl of 
Aberdeen read an address, in which it was stated that the Young 
Men's Christian Association, which had its head-quarters at Exeter 
Hall, was founded forty-four years ago, and had at the present 
time nearly 4000 affiliated branches scattered throughout the 
Colonies and the civilised world (seventy-seven of which are in 
London), with an aggregate membership of 250,000. It formed 
a rendezvous for young men, and a centre for the development of 
a strong, healthy, religious life among them. In recent years the 
value of athletics had been more fully recognised, and the Committee 
of the Central Association had availed themselves of that valuable 
adjunct in the work. The Exeter Hall Gymnasium Team having 
won (in open competition) the 200-guinea Challenge Shield and 
Gold Medals offered by the National Physical Recreation Society, 
it would be deemed a circumstance of the utmost honour by the 
recipients to have received their medals at the hands of the Prince 
of Wales. Moreover, the Gymnasium was able to supply 
voluntary teachers who instructed children and others of the 
poorer classes in the exercises which they had acquired in 
that place. 
The Prince of Wales said : 

" Your Majesty, Lord Aberdeen, my Lords, Ladies, and 
Gentlemen, I am most grateful to you, indeed, Lord Aberdeen, 
for the address which you have just read to me. I can assure 
you all that by coming here I receive very great satisfaction, 
and I am glad to take part in a work in which so many of you 
are interested. From the account you, Lord Aberdeen, have 


given us of the Young Men's Christian Association, I have little 
doubt but that it is an association founded upon excellent and 
practical principles, and that it is an association likely not only 
long to continue in existence, but likely to be greatly augmented 
in its usefulness, as well as in the numbers benefited by 
it. I am glad that you combine with Christian education 
healthy recreation, which must, no doubt, tend to be of the 
greatest benefit to the community at large, and especially to 
young men who are exposed to so many temptations in a great 
city like this. It is a great advantage to all young men to 
have the opportunity of enjoying healthy and useful recreation. 
Thank you for asking me to take part in the proceedings of 
the day. And we must all tender our thanks to the King of 
Sweden and Norway for coming here to-day, knowing, as we all 
do, how deeply interested his Majesty must be in work of this 
kind, and of the important part drill has played amongst his 
people. I have now great pleasure in declaring this gymnasium 

Mr. Herbert Gladstone, M.P., President of the National Physical 
Eecreation Society, informed the King and Prince that the 
200-guinea challenge shield offered by that Society had this 
year been won by the team of eight sent from Exeter Hall 
Club to the contest in Dundee, and he asked the Prince of Wales 
to do them the honour of presenting the shield and gold medals to 
the winners. Thereupon Mr. E. Sully, the instructor, at the head 
of the victorious team, advanced up the room, and, after receiving 
a gold medal each from the Prince, they shouldered the handsome 
and massive shield, and, at a run, raced away with the trophy. 

Then followed an exhibition of drill by thirty members chosen 
out of 400 members of the Club. These were clad in flannels, and 
wore red or black stockings. They went through an exposition 
of musical drill, accompanied by the piano, the exercises consisting 
of those with dumb-bells, clubs, and bars, Mr. Sully giving the 
word of command. Occasionally the athletes sang as they drilled, 
at other moments they whistled as they swung their clubs or 
poles about. 

At the close of the exercises the King rose and said : " Your 
Royal Highnesses, I cannot leave this hall without expressing the 
satisfaction I have had in witnessing the exercises here. I wish, 
also to add my good wishes for the progress and prosperity of this. 
Association. I feel great satisfaction in witnessing the execution 
of the gymnastic exercises this morning exercises which are very- 
highly appreciated in my country." 

z 2 


The Prince of Wales summoned Mr. Sully, shook hands with 
him, and congratulated him upon tho admirable display made by 
his pupils. The King of Sweden did the same, very highly 
praising the manner in which the drill had been executed. 

The Prince of Wales, Prince Albert Victor, and the King of 
Sweden then left the hall amid the cheers of those assembled. 
The heartiness with which the Prince spoke, and the interest 
which he showed in the whole proceedings, greatly delighted all 
who were present. 

July Qth, 1888. 

THE centenary festival of the Royal Masonic Institute for Girls 
was held on the 6th of July, 1888, in the Royal Albert Hall, the 
Prince of Wales, Grand Master, presiding. Between two and three 
thousand members of the Craft were present, amongst them being 
the King of Sweden and Norway, Prince Albert Victor, the Earl of 
Carnarvon, the Earl of Lathom, the Earl of Zetland, Lord Egerton 
of Tatton, Lord Leigh, and many other eminent Masons. The gal- 
leries were filled by a large number of ladies. 

After dinner, the Prince of Wales gave the first toast, which was 
that of " The Queen and the Craft," and was received with the 
greatest enthusiasm, the whole of the vast audience rising and 
joining in singing the National Anthem. 

The Prince of Wales then said : 

" Your Majesty and Brethren, A very high honour and a 
very high, compliment has been conferred upon us this night. 
At this great and important gathering, probably the largest 
meeting for a charitable object that has ever taken place any- 
where, we have as our guest his Majesty the King of Sweden. 
I little doubted the manner in which you would receive this 
toast, because not only are we honouring a distinguished guest, 
but also a brave ally of ours, and we are further honouring the 
Grand Master of the Freemasons of Sweden. We all know the 
deep interest which his Majesty takes in our Craft, and what 
excellent Masons the Swedes are. In proposing this toast it is 
specially gratifying to me, for I have looked forward to this 
occasion for many years, because it was through the "King and 
his late brother that, twenty years ago, I^was initiated into the 
mysteries of the Craft, and I am proud to be one of you, and, 


still more, to be at your head. I am grateful to the King for 
having made me one of us. Brethren, I know you will drink 
this toast with cordiality, and at the same time I feel that it 
will be right to give this toast Masonically, for in doing so we 
do honour to our guest and to ourselves." 

The toast was drunk with Masonic honours. 

The King of Sweden, who was loudly cheered on rising, said : 
" Most Worshipful Grand Master and Brethren, The toast I have 
the honour of replying to I acknowledge, not only on my own 
behalf, but on behalf of all the foreign Lodges and Masonic con- 
gregations whose principles and constitution are in conformity with 
yours. On their behalf I would also express the great satisfaction 
I feel at the honour and distinction to-day conferred upon me by 
your Grand Master and by you in constituting me a member of 
your honoured body. I feel much satisfaction in being present at 
such an enormous gathering as this, and one assembled for pur- 
poses of so noble a kind. Patriotic feelings are always noble and 
honourable, and nowhere have they taken deeper root than in this 
country, for whose people, ever since my young days, I have felt 
the most profound esteem. But there is one feeling still more 
noble than patriotism, and that is the feeling -which has its founda- 
tion in the Word of God, and unites us in love and charity to man- 
kind. As we sing at Masonic gatherings in my own country, 
' There is one God, our Father, so be His sons then, brethren.' 
This is the bond which exists between us, the rallying cry which 
unites us, and the lasting tie which binds us. I have the greatest 
pleasure in giving you 'The Health of our Grand Master, the 
Prince of Wales.' " 

The toast was drunk with full Masonic honours. The Prince of 
Wales, in reply, said : 

"Your Majesty and Brethren, You are well aware that 
during the fourteen years I have held the high office of Grand 
Master I have striven not to be unmindful of your interests and 
of those of the Craft, and, though I am prevented by my many 
duties from meeting you as often as I should like, still I hope 
that you are convinced that your interests are none the less 
dear to me. We have heard an address from the King of 
Sweden this evening which none of us are likely to forget, and 
I think, if he will allow me to say so, that we Englishmen 
have reason to envy his facility in speaking our language. It 
is, I believe, the first time that a foreign Sovereign has honoured 
a gathering of this kind. I think that we may look upon this 
as a red-letter day, and we are not likely to forget the King's 


presence, or the kind and useful words which he has spoken. 
Our watchword, ' Eeligion and Charity,' is one which has been 
inculcated in us ever since we belonged to the Craft, and it is 
one which we shall do well to remember. If we uphold those 
principles, and, above all, that idea of patriotism of which the 
King has spoken, there is little doubt that the Craft will 
remain as prosperous as it is now, and that our lodges and 
members will increase. I do not wish to allude to foreign 
lodges with whom we are not in accord ; but I would ask that 
at any rate we should strive to pick out what is good in them, 
and remember that we are not only English Freemasons, but 
Freemasons of the entire universe. I trust that as long as I 
live, or as long as I may be permitted to hold the high office of 
your Grand Master, I may continue to do my duty to the Craft 
and to my country. I wish now to ask his Majesty the King 
of Sweden to accept the Steward's badge of this festival." 

His Majesty was then invested with the badge, amidst loud 
cheers. The Grand Master then said he had much pleasure in 
reading a telegram from New York to the following effect: 
" Grand Lodge in annual communication congratulates the frater- 
nity in England on the one-hundredth anniversary of the founda- 
tion of the .Koyal Masonic Institute for Girls." 

Again rising, the Prince of Wales said : 

"Your Majesty and Brethren, I have now the honour to 
give you the last toast, though it may be safely called the most 
important, as the object with which we have met at this 
enormous and unprecedented gathering is to celebrate the 
centenary of the Eoyal Masonic Institute for Girls. That an 
institution should have existed a hundred years is one proof 
that it is a good one, and we have every reason to be grateful to 
those who, from the commencement up to the present time, 
have given their energy and their labours to keep going so 
thoroughly Masonic an Institution. 

"As you are aware, the Institution was founded by the 
Chevalier Kuspini. King George IV. and King William IV. 
were patrons, besides many members of the Eoyal Family, and 
Her Majesty the Queen is patroness now. The school at first 
contained only fifteen children ; it now contains 243, and they 
are educated up to a high religious standard, combined with 
education of a general character, including music. Particular 


attention is paid to needlework and cooking and domestic 
duties. Only a few days ago I was present here and saw the 
girls go through their marching exercise, and I never saw 
anything more satisfactory. There are many commanding 
officers who would be proud to see their men march and go 
through their exercise as we saw them performed. I may 
state the system was established by Miss Davis, who was 
appointed head governess in 1861, and I am glad to think that 
at this moment she retains her post. She has been eminently 
successful, as is manifest by the Cambridge Local, College of 
Preceptors, and the Science and Art Examinations. It is also 
satisfactory to notice that, with the exception of Miss Davis, 
every member of the staff has been educated at the Institution. 
The Head Governess of the Female Masonic School at Dublin 
and the Head Governess of the British Orphan Asylum were 
educated at our school, and during a period of eighty-four years 
there have been but two matrons, one of whom held the 
appointment over fifty -two years. 

" As you are aware, the object we have in view in meeting 
here to-night is to make important additions to the present 
buildings, and provide accommodation for an increased number 
of children. These additions will cost at least 20,000. In 
1838, on the occasion of the jubilee of the Institution, 1000 
was subscribed at the annual festival, and in 1871, when I had 
the honour of presiding, as much as 5200 was collected. But 
I have now an announcement to make which I think will 
interest you beyond measure, and that is that I have received 
the assurance of the Secretary that we have obtained at this 
centenary festival over 50,000. I may safely challenge any- 
body to dispute the statement that so large a sum has never 
been subscribed at a charity dinner. It now affords me great 
pleasure to propose ' Success to the Institution,' coupled with 
the name of the Deputy Grand Master, the Earl of Lathom, 
Chairman of the Executive Committee, and an old and personal 
friend of my own." 

The Earl of Lathom replied, and the proceedings terminated. 
The grand total of the subscription was 50,472, of which London 
contributed 22,454, and the Provinces, India, and the Colonies 


April 9th, 1888. 

AMONG the many memorial gifts of the Silver Wedding of the 
Prince and Princess of Wales was one which would have delighted 
Sir Koger de Coverley or the Squire of Bracebridge Hall. The 
members of the West Norfolk Fox Hunt presented a handsome 
silver figure of Keynard in full gallop, mounted on a dark 
mahogany stand. A beautifully bound morocco album contained 
the names of the subscribers. The presentation was made on the 
8th of April, the day of the Annual Steeplechase at East Winch, 
near Lynn. A marquee had been erected, and a large company 
assembled. The Prince and Princess of Wales and all the family 
were present. 

Mr. Hamond, for many years Master of the Hunt, made the 
presentation, he having been the Chairman of the Committee who 
had carried on the Hunt during the past two years, in the temporary 
absence of the Master, Mr. A. C. Fountaine. He believed that the 
West Norfolk were the first pack of hounds that the Princess 
hunted with when she came to England. The Prince and Princess 
had entered into the sports and recreations of all classes of Her 
Majesty's subjects, and the sport which the members of the Hunt 
had enjoyed with their Eoyal Highnesses and their sons and 
daughters would long be remembered. He asked the acceptance 
of their gift by the Prince and Princess. 

The Prince of Wales said : 

" Mr. Hamond, Ladies, and Gentlemen, I can assure you that 
no present which has been offered for our acceptance has been 
received by us with more pleasure than the one which you have 
given us to-day a model of the wily animal that we are all so 
fond of following. Norfolk has always been considered to be a 
shooting county ; that may be so to a great extent, but I feel 
convinced that the hunting is quite as popular, and I sincerely 
hope that it will long remain so. There may be difficulties in 
preserving foxes, but I feel sure that where there's a will there's 
a way. For twenty- five years we have enjoyed hunting with 
the West Norfolk Hunt both the Princess and myself ; and 
our children have been brought up to follow that Hunt. I 
sincerely hope that for many long years we may be able to 
continue to do so. We have grateful memories of the master- 
ship of one whose loss we all regretted, the late Mr. Villebois, 
and also of Mr. Hamond, then Mr. Fountaine, and next of the 


gentlemen of the Committee who have of late ably carried on 
the Hunt, whilst Mr. Fountaine was unfortunately away. Most 
sincerely do I thank you again, in the name of the Princess and 
myself, for the kind terms in which you have presented us with 
this handsome and appropriate gift, and most sincerely do I 
wish prosperity to the West Norfolk Foxhounds, which, I trust, 
may long continue to exist in this county." 

May Qth, 1888. 

ON the return from opening the Exhibition at Glasgow, it was 
arranged that the Prince and Princess of Wales should visit Black- 
burn, for laying the foundation-stone of the new Technical and 
Trades School in that nourishing Lancashire town. The borough 
was in high festival, the more so as it was the first time on record 
that it had been honoured with the presence of royalty. At the 
entrance of the town, the Mayor and Corporation met the Eoyal 
party, and conducted them to the marquee which was to be the 
scene of the ceremony. Here the Prince was presented with the 
freedom of the borough being the first honorary freeman and 
with an address, to which he replied : 

" Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, I can assure you that the 
Princess of Wales and myself feel very great pleasure in accept- 
ing your address, and we thank you warmly for the kind and 
cordial words of welcome with which you have received us on 
the occasion of our first visit to the important borough of 
Blackburn. We thank you most sincerely for your congratula- 
tions on our Silver Wedding, and we desire to take this oppor- 
tunity of publicly stating how infinitely we have been touched 
by the affectionate tokens of attachment and regard which have 
universally been shown towards us throughout the whole country 
on the occasion of that event. We appreciate very highly your 
allusions to the interest which we take in all things related to 
the progress and welfare of the kingdom, and more especially to 
the interest we have taken in the subject of technical educa- 
tion ; and I rejoice, therefore, to find that I am able to come 
here to-day to lay the foundation-stone of an institution which 
I trust will afford material assistance in maintaining and ad- 


vancing the industries and commercial enterprise of your town. 
I have very much gratification in complying with your request 
that I would accept the honorary freedom of your borough, and 
I shall experience a feeling of pride in signing my name as the 
first honorary freeman of a town so loyal and prosperous, and 
that, I am persuaded, has so great a future before it as Black- 

To another address by the Freemasons of Blackburn the Grand 
Master expressed his sense of the compliment paid him by their 
words of fraternal friendship, and gladly acceded to the wish that the 
first stone of so important and useful an institution should be laid 
with Masonic honours, which was done accordingly. 

The Mayoress of Blackburn then, on behalf of the ladies of 
Blackburn, presented the Princess of Wales with a magnificent 
diamond brooch representing Industry. Her Eoyal Highness said 
a few happy words in acknowledgment. The Prince, it should 
have been mentioned, received the roll of freedom enclosed in a 
very handsome gold casket. The Eoyal visitors were afterwards 
entertained at luncheon in the Town Hall, where numerous guests 
were present. In responding to the loyal toasts the Prince said : 

" You may be assured that we are not likely to forget our 
visit to Blackburn. The cordial and enthusiastic manner in 
which you have received us, the beautiful way in which your 
streets and houses have been decorated, and the wonderful order 
that was kept throughout will not be forgotten by us. It will 
afford me, also, great gratification and pleasure to acquaint the 
Queen with the loyalty which has been shown to the Princess 
and myself, who are the first members of the Eoyal families of 
England who have visited your borough. The objects we have 
had in view in coming here are, we are sure, excellent ones ; 
and we rejoice that there has been afforded to us the oppor- 
tunity of laying the foundation-stone of an institution which is 
likely to do so much good. As the Mayor has said, I do take a 
sincere interest in all that concerns technical instruction, be- 
cause I feel convinced that, in a vast country like ours, where 
so many trades and different manufactures exist, nothing is of 
such great importance to the well-being of its manufactures and 
trades as a good sound technical education. "We cannot erect 
too many schools or institutions of the kind in the various parts 
of the country. The school the foundation-stone of which we 
have laid to-day has been properly started as a remembrance of 


the Queen's Jubilee, and, as the special object of it is for the 
technical education of the operative classes, I sincerely hope 
that they also will show that they take a great interest in it, 
and will thoroughly support it. I am glad to hear that there is 
already existing in this borough a Technical and Art School, 
which for two years has been in existence. I am told that there 
are as many as 300 students, and those students who have gone 
up to London to be examined by the Technical Institute have, 
I understand, passed the very highest and best examinations. 
The interest which this town takes in the subject of technical 
education is a very gratifying one. You must remember that 
improved talent for the production of more varied and artistic 
designs in the staple manufacture is essential for the continued 
prosperity of the town, and the more artisans learn what is 
necessary to beautify the trade to which they belong, and vary 
the different specimens which they bring forward, the more 
likely the town is to nourish. Before sitting down I have a 
toast to propose to you, ' The Mayor and Corporation of Black- 
burn, and success to the Blackburn Technical School.' In pro- 
posing this toast I am glad to have this opportunity of thanking 
the Mayor for his kind hospitality and the cordial welcome he 
has afforded us. He may be assured we shall never forget the 
kind reception we have received at Blackburn." 

The Mayor briefly responded to the toast. The Royal party 
afterwards proceeded to the Blackburn Railway Station, and left 
for London. 

May I4th, 1888. 

THE Anglo-Danish Exhibition at South Kensington had not the 
official origin of some other similar displays, but the nationality of 
the scheme, and the promise of its proceeds being applied to a 
charitable object, secured the patronage of the Prince and Princess 
of Wales at its opening. This ceremony took place in the Albert 
Hall, on the 14th of May, 1888. 

Their Royal Highnesses were accompanied by the Princesses 
Louise, Maud, and Victoria of Wales, the Princess Mary of Cam- 
bridge and her daughter the Princess Victoria, Prince Karl of 


Denmark, Prince George of Greece, the Danish Minister, and many 
distinguished persons. They were received by Lord Amherst, 
Chairman of the Committee, who presented an address, to which 
after the musical and other ceremonies, and the formal opening of 
the Exhibition by the Princess of Wales the Prince replied : 

" Lord Amherst, Ladies, and Gentlemen, In your address you 
have expressed the hope that the Exhibition will be a success. 
We most sincerely hope it will be a success in every sense of 
the word. The objects, as you are well aware, are, first, to pay 
a compliment to us in respect of the twenty-fifth anniversary of 
our wedding-day ; and, secondly, to aid an institution which is 
much in need of funds, and one which is most meritorious and 
useful. You are anxious that money should be obtained in 
order to build a new Home for Incurables. Very appropriately 
this Exhibition has been connected with the institution which 
was the first with which the Princess became connected when 
she came to this country. I sincerely hope that the endeavours 
you have made will be successful, and that the Exhibition will 
be instructive, agreeable, and useful. It must be gratifying to 
you to see that the King of Denmark has sent over one of his 
war ships, manned by all those fine young men who are around 
us, and it is gratifying to all of us, I am sure, to welcome these 
ladies whose costumes lend such picturesqueness to the scene. 
We thank you for your very kind reception of us, and I can 
only assure you that it has given us the greatest pleasure to 
take part in this very interesting ceremony, and that we wish 
the Exhibition the most thorough success." 

In the evening, the Duke of Cambridge presided at a special 
festival, in aid of rebuilding the British Home for Incurables at 
Clapham, which was held in the Conservatory of the Anglo-Danish 
Exhibition. There was a numerous attendance, and the donations 
to the building fund amounted to nearly 5000. This Institu- 
tion, founded in 1861, provides home with every comfort for 
hopelessly incurable sufferers (except the idiotic, insane, and the 
blind, for whom there are other asylums), and also gives pensions 
to out-patients of 20 per annum. 

( 349 ) 

July 17th, 1888. 

THE Prince of Wales performed the ceremony of opening the new 
buildings of the Great Northern Hospital, at Islington, on the 17th 
of July, 1888. He was accompanied by the Princess of Wales, and 
by the Princesses Louise, Victoria, and Maude. The event caused 
much interest in the northern part of London, and vast crowds 
filled the streets and roads. The Eev. W. H. Barlow, Vicar of 
Islington, and many of the clergy, Mr. Murdoch, M.P., Chairman 
of the Hospital, and other official persons, received the Koyal 
visitors in a gaily decorated tent. Their Eoyal Highnesses, how- 
ever, were attired in deep mourning, on account of the death of 
the Emperor Frederick of Germany. An address was read, in 
which it was stated that Islington is the largest parish in England 
in population. At the beginning of the reign of the Queen it had 
40,000 inhabitants, now it has 320,000. The Great Northern Hos- 
pital was established in 1857, but in 1882 it was resolved to erect 
a building more suitable for the increased population. The wish 
was to make the new hospital a thanksgiving memorial of the 
Jubilee year. 

The Prince of Wales, in replying to the address, said : 

" Ladies and Gentlemen, I am most anxious, in my own 
name, and also in that of the Princess, to acknowledge the most 
cordial and kind words of the address which we have just heard 
read by the Vestry Clerk, and also for the kind expressions 
which have fallen from Mr. Murdoch. We are very glad to be 
able to take part in so interesting a ceremony as this, and we 
are glad to think that in so large and ever-increasing a popula- 
tion as this in the North of London is, the project of com- 
memorating the Queen's Jubilee should have been so appro- 
priately celebrated by the building of a hospital We shall 
shortly have an opportunity of visiting the wards, and I have 
little doubt that we shall find everything in the most admirable 
and efficient state. Amongst the many duties we have to 
perform, none, I assure you, ladies and gentlemen, gives us 
greater gratification and pleasure than such a function as this, 
where we come to give our assistance and support to a philan- 
thropic object, and to a cause the object of which is to alleviate 
the sufferings of our fellow-creatures. I can only express the 
pleasure it has given us to have it in our power to open this 


hospital to-day. You are well aware how much we regretted 
that it was not in our power to come here and open the hospital 
on the date originally fixed. You are also aware of the cause, 
and I well know how much you all sympathise with us and the 
other members of our family in our sorrow and grief. I am glad 
to have the opportunity of saying, on this public occasion, that 
my sister has felt deeply that, although thirty years have elapsed 
since she left this country, her compatriots have not forgotten 
her, and that they have sympathised with her, that they have 
felt for her, in the great and overwhelming sorrow which it has 
pleased God to inflict upon her. I beg to thank you once more 
for your kind reception of us to-day, and again to assure you of 
the sincere gratification it has given us to be present. 

The Prince resumed his seat amidst loud cheers, and a number of 
children and young ladies then presented purses to the Princess, the 
names of the donors being announced by the Secretary. The total 
of these subscriptions was 1050. This ceremony being finished, 
their Koyal Highnesses left the pavilion to visit the hospital. 

The opening of the new Northern Hospital in London was the 
last public function performed by the Prince of Wales before his 
autumn visit to Austria and other regions of Southern Europe. 
With it our record of his presence at charitable institutions must 
close. It has been necessary to make only a selection of his speeches 
on such occasions. The Hospital for Sick Children, the Chelsea 
Hospital for Women, Queen Charlotte's Lying-in Hospital, Hospital 
for Diseases of the Chest, the Hollo way Sanatorium at Yirginia 
Water, the Cottage Homes at Weybridge, St. Mary's Hospital, 
University and King's College Hospitals, the Fever Hospital; 
these, and many other institutions for the help of the poor or the 
suffering, have had the advantage of the Prince's advocacy. 

There have been also many occasions where he has assisted by his 
presence or his voice other institutions for educational and philan- 
thropic objects, such as the Marine Society's ship " Warspite," and 
the training-ship "Worcester," the Windsor and Eton Albert 
Institute, the Church for the Deaf and Dumb, the Dwelling Houses 
for working people in Soho, the Alexandra Home at Kensington 
for pupils at the Schools of Art and Music ; besides more important 
educational and charitable establishments, such as the St. Anne's 
Schools at Eedhill, for children of the Clergy, and of others whose 
means are not equal to their position in life. To have given an 


account of the proceedings, and reports of the speeches on all these 
occasions would have required the space of two volumes instead 
of one. 

For the same reason it is with regret that the Editor has to 
omit descriptions of many important and interesting functions 
both in the Metropolis and throughout the country. The truth is 
there are few parts of England, certainly few of the great centres of 
population and industry, which have not been visited by the Prince, 
generally accompanied by the Princess of Wales, for some purpose 
of local and often of national /utility. Now it is at Birmingham, to 
open a new Hospital or an Art Gallery. Now it is at Sheffield to 
open the Park, which was the munificent gift of its Mayor, Mark 
Firth. Now it is at York, for opening the New Institute. Now it 
is at Leeds, for inaugurating the Art Exhibition ; and at Leeds the 
Prince addressed an audience which included the Lord Mayors of 
London and York, and the Mayors of almost every town in York- 
shire, in the Town Hall, opened many years before by the Queen 
and the Prince Consort. Another year there was a Royal visit to 
Lancashire, where a new Infirmary was opened at Wigan, an 
institution praised by the Prince as due as much to the gifts of the 
working classes as to the liberality of the employers of labour in 
that great mining district. At Bolton, for the first time in its 
history honoured by a Royal visit, the Prince opened the Town 
Hall, one of the finest edifices of the kind in the provinces. At 
Hull the new Albert Dock was opened, and new docks at Grimsby, 
Another time the Prince is among the agricultural people, at 
Dorchester for a Cattle Show, or at Hunstanton for opening a 
Convalescent Hospital. Or he is at Newcastle, opening the Coble 
Dene Dock for the Tyne Commission. Or he is at Southampton 
laying the foundation-stone of a new church for Canon Wilberforce. 
Another time he is at Worcester, admiring with the Princess of 
Wales the splendid Porcelain Works, as well as the Cathedral and 
antiquities of the loyal city. Many other expeditions have been 
made during these twenty-five years, and it is noteworthy that in 
places supposed to be the most democratic and independent, as 
Birmingham and at Sheffield, the reception of the Royal visitors 
was the most hearty and enthusiastic. Opening the Victoria 
Hall at Baling on December the 15th was the occasion of the 
latest public appearance in 1888. It adjoins the Parish building, 
and the Free Library, to which the Prince alluded in his brief 

Reference has not been made to occasions of a private kind, such 
as Regimental and Club Dinners, where the presence of the Prince 
is always welcomed, and what he says is remembered, though not 
reported. Perhaps it is right to mention the Savage Club, of 
which many Press reporters are members, and where the Prince 
made one of his genial addresses, and drew from the Club very 
acceptable aid towards founding the Musical Scholarships in 
which he was then interested. 


Any one who could see the engagement book of the Prince of 
Wales during a season would think there is little exaggeration 
when it is said he is one of the most busy and hard-working of 
public men. If it cannot be said nulla dies sine lined, there are few 
days on which some important business has not to be attended to, 
besides his personal or private affairs in town and country. In 
one of his early addresses, he said that, being excluded by his 
position from taking active part in political life, he would devote 
his time to " duties connected with works of charity and of public 
utility." How far this resolution has been carried out, the readers 
of this volume have the means of judging. 

In many of his speeches the Prince has, in grateful and touching 
terms, referred to the useful and beneficent services rendered by 
his revered and lamented father, whose example he desires to 
follow. That example also influenced the character and the life 
of the late Emperor of Germany, " Frederick the Noble." In the 
introduction to the brief biographical memoir of ' Frederick, Crown 
Prince and Emperor,' recently published by Mr. Eennell Bodd, 
the widowed Empress our own Princess Eoyal expresses a hope 
that the book will make his name better known to the English 
public, and give him a place in their affections beside that of her 
father, the Prince Consort, "for whom he had so great love, 
admiration, and veneration." The words of Lord Tennyson are 
thus recalled with new power : 

" Dear to thy land and ours ; a Prince indeed 
Beyond all titles, and a household name 
Hereafter through all times ALBERT THE GOOD." 


( 355 ) 


THE first appearance of the Prince of Wales at the annual dinner 
of the Koyal Academy, with the short speech made on the occasion, 
has been given under the date, May 4th, 1863. In many subse- 
quent years the Prince has been a -welcome and honoured guest, 
and has been called to address the company. Instead of giving 
these speeches in the years when they were delivered, it seems 
better to group them together. The guests at the banquet are in 
the main the same year by year. After the Eoyal and official 
personages, and notable public men always present, and the 
Academicians and their friends, there remains not much room for 
variety in the invitations. If any very distinguished stranger is 
in London at the time, or some hero of the day, he is pretty certain 
to be invited, and the speech of such a guest is a distinctive 
feature in the yearly record of the banquets. There is also effort 
made to secure some eloquent speakers to reply to some of the 
toasts given from the Chair. But on the whole there is consider- 
able sameness in the reports, the same toasts being always given, 
and often the same speakers responding. The Prince of Wales 
has been more than once complimented for his being able to find 
fresh material for his speeches at these dinners. The simple art 
in effecting this is that he takes some topic which is before the 
public at the time, or refers to his own public acts, which interest 
the audience on account of his personal popularity. We cannot 
give all the speeches on these occasions, but the following show 
the general spirit of them, and the variety of subjects touched 
by him. 


At the banquet of 1866, on the 5th of May, the President, Sir 
Francis Grant, then recently elected, for the first time occupied 
the chair. In proposing the health of the Prince of Wales, Sir 
Francis wished to his Eoyal guest, " amidst the cares and labours 
of his exalted station, all the soothing influences of a love of art. 
He inherits the enlightened appreciation of art, which had dis- 
tinguished both his illustrious parents. But the title of artist is 
not confined to the subjects which occupy the Royal Academicians. 

2 A 2 


In England, especially in the Midland counties, a gentleman who 
particularly distinguishes himself in riding across country after 
hounds is popularly called an artist. Gentlemen," continued the 
President, himself an artist of high repute in both senses of the 
word, " I am able to assure you from my own personal obser- 
vation, and I feel sure his Grace the Duke of Eutland will bear 
me out, that His Koyal Highness in his recent visit to Leicester- 
shire, in two very severe runs across the Vale of Belvoir, proved 
himself a first-rate artist in that particular department of art. 
Since His Royal Highness has proved himself in one sense an 
artist, may I, if His Eoyal Highness will forgive my boldness, 
claim his sympathy for his brother artists of the brush ? Allow 
me to add, the brush is an important element in both departments 
of art. I beg to say on the occasion alluded to His Eoyal High- 
ness was most deservedly presented with the brush. I have the 
honour to propose ' The health of their Eoyal Highnesses the 
Prince and Princess of Wales and the other members of the Eoyal 
Family.' " 

The Prince, in responding, said : 

" Sir Francis Grant, your Eoyal Highnesses, my Lords, and 
Gentlemen, I thank you most sincerely for the very kind 
manner in which you have proposed my health, that of the 
Princess of Wales, and the other members of the Eoyal Family, 
and for the cordial manner in which it has been received. I 
need hardly assure you that it is a source of sincere gratification 
for me to be present a second time at the annual dinner of the 
Eoyal Academy, more especially as I am enabled to have the 
opportunity of supporting you, Sir Francis, on the first occasion 
that you take the chair as President of the Eoyal Academy. 
Although we are assembled on a festive occasion, I cannot omit 
referring to the memory of one whose loss we must all deeply 
deplore. I allude to your late President, Sir Charles Eastlake. 
You Eoyal Academicians all knew him so well, and how justly 
popular he was for his many distinguished qualities, that it 
would be superfluous for me to pass any eulogy on his name. 
But I cannot forbear offering my small tribute to his merits, 
having always considered him as an old friend, and having 
known him, indeed, since my childhood. I now take the 
opportunity of thanking you, Sir Francis, for the very kind 
manner in which you have adverted to me in connection with 
art. I need not assure you that I shall always be most ready 
to do my little best in assisting to promote the welfare of art 


and science, and thus following the bright example of the 
Queen and my lamented father. I thank you, also, for the 
allusion you made to me as a brother of the ' brush.' Although, 
as I observed before, I will do my utmost to support art, still I 
am afraid I shall never be able to compete with you as a 
painter, but at the same time I shall always be ready to enter 
the lists with you in the hunting field as long as you do not 
attempt to ride over me at the first fence. With respect to the 
present Exhibition, it may, I think, be said that the pictures in 
a great measure not only show the progress of art, but record 
the times in which we live. Taken as a whole, the Exhibition 
is one of a peaceful character, and indicative of peace. There 
is only one picture to which I would refer which, at the present 
moment, bears anything of a warlike character I mean 
' Volunteers at a firing point,' in which there is a picture of a 
distinguished Highlander (Mr. Ross), a countryman of your 
own, who is represented as shooting for a prize. That is a very 
interesting picture, and it reminds us forcibly that the Volun- 
teers who came forward for the protection of their country have 
not been required in that capacity, and are now employing their 
time usefully in the art of rifle shooting. Without further 
trespassing on your time, permit me once more to thank you 
for the manner in which you have proposed and drunk my 

The Duke of Cambridge, in responding to the toast of the Army, 
referred to the distinction in art attained by the President, the 
brother of one already highly distinguished in arms, his friend 
Sir Hope Grant. Prince Alfred responded for the Navy. 

An interesting fact, not generally known, was mentioned by Sir 
Francis Grant, who had been called the successor of Sir Charles 
Eastlake. Sir Edwin Landseer had been elected ; and, although 
lie could be only persuaded to retain the office for one week, the 
Academy had the proud satisfaction of knowing that his name is 
registered among its Presidents. 

The other speeches at this banquet were of unusual interest, 
from the Archbishop of Canterbury, Earl Eussell, and the Earl of 
Derby. Allusions were made to the loss of Lord Palmerston, and 
of Mr. Gibson, the sculptor, and also to the approaching marriage 
of the Princess Mary of Cambridge, for whom the Duke of Teck 
responded. The Earl of Derby made special reference to the 
National Exhibition of Portraits at South Kensington, interesting 
alike to the artist and to the student of history. 



After dinner, the customary loyal toasts were proposed and 
responded to, the President making special reference to the severe 
and protracted illness of the Princess of Wales, which they all 
deplored, with the trust that it would please God soon to restore 
her to perfect health. The Prince, on rising, was loudly applauded, 
and spoke with evident emotion, in witnessing the warm sympathy 
shown by the assembly : 

"Sir Francis Grant, your Eoyal Highness, my Lords, and 
Gentlemen, I beg to tender you my warmest thanks for the 
very kind manner in which you have proposed and received the 
health of the Princess of Wales and myself. I feel sure she 
will be deeply gratified for the kind words you have this evening 
uttered, and I am glad to say that, although she has now for 
very nearly two months been kept to her room by a long and 
tedious illness, she is now progressing towards recovery. I 
know I can have no more pleasing announcement to make to 
lier Eoyal Highness than to tell her of the very kind feeling 
which has always been exhibited to her since her first coming 
to this country. I beg also, Sir Francis, to thank you for the 
very kind manner in which you have alluded to the interest I 
take with regard to science and art. I need not tell you that 
I do take such an interest. If I may say so, I take the same 
interest which my parents have always taken, although I may 
not have the same experience or knowledge ; still, I hope I 
shall always tread in their footsteps in that respect. 

" I am flattered, Sir Francis, by your statement that I have 
shown an appreciation of art in becoming the possessor of a 
work by so celebrated an artist as Sir Edwin Landseer. I think 
it would be impossible to find at this table any one who would 
not feel the same appreciation of so admirable a work of art. I 
obtained the picture under somewhat peculiar circumstances. 
It had been painted for a private person who was kind enough 
to give it up to me. Sir Edwin Landseer, although he has 
been before the public for many years as a painter, has within 
the last two months achieved great distinction as a sculptor, 
and has produced one of the finest monuments of art that exist 
in this country. He kept us perhaps some time in waiting for 
his lions, but the result has certainly been a most magnificent one. 


" With reference to the Exhibition now before us, I think I 
may say that for many years we have not seen a finer exhibition. 
The names of Grant, Watts, Millais, and others I need not 
particularise. Last year we had to mourn the loss of Sir C. 
Eastlake, and now we have to lament the departure from among 
us of another Eoyal Academician, Mr. Philip, to the vivid 
truthfulness of whose pictures from Spanish life I myself, from 
having been in Spain, can amply testify. I beg, my lords and 
gentlemen, again to thank you for the kind manner in which 
you have proposed and received my health, and the still kinder 
manner in which you have received the health of the Princess 
of Wales." 


The Royal Academy banquet for 1870 fell on the 30th of April. 

Sir Francis Grant, the President, in proposing " The Health of 
the Queen," stated that Her Majesty had, in May of the previous 
year, conferred on the Academy the honour of visiting the new 
galleries in state, and was pleased to express her high approval. 
At that visit she gave commissions for pictures to several young 
artists of rising fame ; and she presented to the Academy the beau- 
tiful marble bust of herself, executed by her accomplished daughter 
the Princess Louise. 

In next proposing " The Health of the Prince and Princess of 
Wales and the rest of the Eoyal Family," the President said that they 
were all glad to welcome the Prince, for the first time, in the new gal- 
leries. " Last year His Eoyal Highness was well employed elsewhere 
visiting the historic wonders of ancient Egypt, accompanied by the 
Princess of Wales, whom we must all rejoice to see returned to 
this country in perfect health. It must be a gratifying circum- 
stance to all Her Majesty's loyal subjects that the Eoyal Princes, 
her sons, are not too delicately reared, as Princes were of old, but 
are all manly English gentlemen and great travellers, who seek to 
elevate and enlarge their minds by studying the customs and 
policy of foreign nations, and to strengthen the cords of sympathy 
and loyalty which bind our colonies to the mother country. I read 
with pleasure of His Eoyal Highness recently presiding at a meeting 
of the Society of Arts, and the able sentiments he then expressed 
on the subject of education. I am glad also to learn that the 
Prince has succeeded the late lamented Lord Derby as President of 
the Eoyal Commission of 1851 an institution, if I may so call it, 
which has done such great things for the progress of art, especially 
in connection with manufactures, and which owes so much, I might 
say entirely its great success, to the enlightened genius and active 
support of the Prince's illustrious father." 


His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, who was received with 
much cheering, said : 

" Mr. President, your Eoyal Highness, my Lords, and Gentle- 
men, I beg to tender you rny warmest thanks for the kind 
way in which this toast has been proposed and received. It 
has afforded me great gratification once more to attend the 
hospitable board of the Eoyal Academy, and especially as I 
have this evening for the first time had the pleasure of dining 
in these new rooms. As the President has remarked, he was 
kind enough last year to invite me to inaugurate these rooms, 
but, being abroad, I was unfortunately unable to do so. I regret 
it, especially as that was the one hundredth anniversary of the 
Eoyal Academy. I think I may be allowed to congratulate 
the President and all the Eoyal Academicians on the Exhibition 
of this year. Of course, every artist strives each succeeding 
year to produce still better pictures and statues, and I think 
the Academicians have no reason to complain on the present 
occasion. We must regret, as I am sure all Academicians 
will, the death of Mr. Maclise, and it is with feelings of sorrow 
that we shall now for the last time see a picture of Ms adorn 
these walls. The President has kindly alluded to me as having 
recently presided at a meeting of the Society of Arts, and I 
cannot but thank him for the compliment he has paid me in 
connection with the observations I made upon that occasion. It 
afforded me great pleasure to preside at that meeting, and, 
although my position as President of the Society is to a certain 
extent an honorary one, I promise that I shall be ready on every 
occasion to come forward and give as much time as I can in 
promoting any of its very important objects. I beg also to thank 
the President for having alluded to me as President of the 
Commission of 1851. It is with deep regret that I have had to 
succeed one whose presence we must all miss on occasions like 
these one whose name can never be forgotten in the country's 
history, and who always took the highest interest in the welfare 
of all our great institutions, and more especially those connected 
with art I allude to the late lamented Lord Derby. My lords 
and gentlemen, I assure you the Princess of Wales will be 
highly gratified to hear how kindly on this, as on every other 
public occasion, you have received her name and health, and I 


beg to thank you for the kind manner in which you have 
listened to the few remarks I have made." 

The usual toasts were afterwards given, and responded to by 
eminent men, including Mr. Motley, the American Minister, and 
Charles Dickens. 


At the Eoyal Academy banquet of 1871, the President, Sir 
Francis Grant, in proposing "The Health of Her Majesty the Queen," 
referred to the recent opening of the Albert Hall, a proceeding 
which, in some degree, tended towards the realisation of the late 
Prince Consort's constant efforts for the promotion of Science and 
Art in this kingdom. 

In proposing " The Health of the Prince and Princess of Wales 
and the rest of the Eoyal family," Sir Francis referred to the zeal 
of the Prince in tbe encouragement of Art, and said that he was 
shortly to preside on two different occasions in connection with 
Art, at the opening of the International Exhibition, and at the 
dinner of the Artists' General Benevolent Institution. 

The Prince, in responding, said : 

" I feel very much touched by the kind way in which you, 
Sir Francis, proposed my health, and this company received it, 
and I beg also to thank you for the very kind terms in which 
you alluded to the name of the Princess, who, I am confident, 
will be deeply gratified by the kind way in which you alluded 
to her name and the company have received this toast. You 
have referred to the opening of the International Exhibition 
next Monday, and I sincerely trust that the opening of that 
series of Exhibitions may be as successful as the others which 
preceded it, and that the promotion of science and art may be 
carried forward by the means of these numerous Exhibitions. 
It is always a great pleasure for me to meet you here at this 
annual gathering, to see so many distinguished and celebrated 
persons, and to be surrounded on all sides by the pictures of 
the most celebrated artists of our own country, and also, by the 
permission of the Academicians, by the pictures of the most 
distinguished foreign artists. I feel sure that the artists of 
this country take it as a great compliment that these pictures 
should be sent here for exhibition. With respect to the present 
Exhibition, it must strike all of us on looking around these 
walls that some pictures are wanting pictures from an artist 


whose health, I fear, is failing, although I am sure we all hope 
most heartily he may yet be spared to us ; still we do miss the 
pictures of Sir Edwin Landseer, Gratifying as it must be for 
distinguished artists to see their pictures exhibited, and to hear 
the remarks made on them by critics and others, there are two 
beautiful drawings in this Exhibition of which, alas ! the artists 
will never hear the praise that may be bestowed upon them, 
and I feel sure that it will not be considered out of place if on 
this occasion I offer my condolence to the Eoyal Academicians 
for the absence of one of their number, and the cause of it in 
the terrible bereavement he has sustained (alluding to the death 
of the son of Mr. Goodall, E.A.). My lords and gentlemen, I 
thank you for listening to these few remarks, and as many 
speeches have to be made I will not trespass further upon your 
attention than by again thanking you for the very kind manner 
in which my health and that of the Princess have been received 
by this distinguished assembly." 


The chief interest of the evening was in the speech of Sir Garnet 
Wolseley, the " hero of Coomassie." His health was proposed by 
the Prince of Wales, who said he would have preferred that the 
toast should have been given by some one better qualified, but that 
he felt it a pleasure and honour to fulfil the duty laid on him by 
the President. 

The Duke of Cambridge, in responding for the Army and Navy, 
had in very happy terms also referred to the services of Sir Garnet 
Wolseley, who in his speech gave well-merited praise to the Com- 
mander- in-Chief, for his efforts to raise the standard of military edu- 

Returning to earlier proceedings of the evening, the President of 
the Academy, Sir Francis Grant, in proposing " The Health of the 
Prince and the Princess of Wales and the other members of the 
Eoyal Family," said : " It is a subject of infinite satisfaction to the 
members of the Eoyal Academy to observe the unmistakable and 
earnest love of art which His Eoyal Highness the Prince of Wales 
manifests on all occasions. Notwithstanding the numerous calls 
that are made on the time of His Eoyal Highness, to which he 
assiduously responds, we learn through, the Press of his occasionally 
visiting the studios of some of our leading artists, thus honouring 
and encouraging Art in the most gratifying manner. We have 
also to thank the Prince for the active assistance he gave us in 
promoting the success of the Landseer Exhibition. It was owing 


to his personal influence that we are enabled to thank his Majesty 
the King of the Belgians for two beautiful pictures sent from the 
royal collection at Brussels, and also his Serene Highness the 
Duke of Coburg, who sent from Coburg one work of great interest, 
and besides several other valuable pictures, one of Van Amburgh 
and the Lions, the property of his Grace the Duke of Wellington, 
a picture that possesses this special interest, that the subject was 
suggested and the picture commissioned by the Duke's illustrious 
father. I am glad to be able to announce that the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, accompanied by the Duke and Duchess of Edin- 
burgh and the other members of the Royal Family, honoured the 
Exhibition with their presence on Thursday. I hope the Prince 
will forgive me for the liberty I take, if I venture to mention that 
we members of the Academy always witness with pleasure the 
honest and zealous way in which both the Prince and Princess go 
over the Exhibition, beginning catalogue with pencil in hand, 
at No. 1, and working steadily through all the galleries. It cannot 
but be gratifying, even to the humblest artist who is so fortunate 
as to obtain a place on these walls, to know that he has good reason 
to hope that his labours will not escape the observation of the 
Prince and Princess of Wales." 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, who was received with 
much cheering, said : 

" Mr. President, your Eoyal Highness, my Lords, and Gentle- 
men, I beg to thank you for the very kind manner in which 
you, Sir Francis, have proposed my health with that of the 
Princess of Wales and the other members of the Eoyal Family, 
and for the cordial way in which you, my lords and gentlemen, 
have been pleased to receive it. I can assure you, Sir Francis, 
and the members of the Eoyal Academy, that it affords me the 
greatest pleasure and satisfaction to have been able to accept 
your kind invitation. It is now two years since I had the 
opportunity of partaking of your hospitality, and you may be 
sure that whenever I am able to come to the Eoyal Academy 
it will always give me the greatest pleasure. Sir Francis Grant 
has been kind enough to allude to me with reference to the 
Exhibition at the Eoyal Academy of pictures by his late dis- 
tinguished and never-to-be-surpassed colleague, Sir Edwin 
Landseer. I will only say that any efforts of mine the efforts 
were but small, but such as they were, any efforts I could make 
were most cheerfully devoted to give the country the oppor- 
tunity of seeing those magnificent works, some of which, having 
for many years been in the possession of their proprietors, had 


not been placed before the eyes of the public. It gave ine very 
great pleasure to help in any way such an exhibition. Thanks 
to the efforts of the President and the members of the Eoyal 
Academy, that exhibition was a great success, and afforded the 
utmost interest and pleasure to all who saw it. I feel assured 
that you must all deeply deplore the loss of that great man. 
Last year he was still living, though, alas ! his health was such 
that it was impossible for him to come among his colleagues as 
he used to do. At any rate, he lived to render his name illus- 
trious, and we can never hope to see his fame excelled. Sir 
Francis, I hope you will allow me to congratulate you on this 
most excellent Exhibition. When we see these walls sur- 
rounded with pictures when we look at the catalogue and see 
the names of yourself, of Messrs. Millais, Leighton, Prinsep, 
Watts, Ward, Frith, Graves, Calderon, Sant, Alma-Tadema, and 
many others I might mention, it is unnecessary to say that we 
have here a collection of pictures of the greatest artists which 
this country can produce. I am glad to take this oppor- 
tunity of saying that I hope those gentlemen who have come 
to the Eoyal Academy on this occasion have not forgotten to look 
at one picture in the next room, which I think well deserves 
attention. It is numbered 142 in the catalogue, and is entitled 
' Calling the Roll after an Engagement in the Crimea.' This 
picture, painted by a young lady who, I am given to understand, 
is not yet twenty -three, is deserving of the highest admiration, 
and I am sure she has before her a great future as an artist. 
In the next room, the Lecture Eoom, is a statue of ' A Horse 
and his Master,' by Boehm, which I am confident all who take 
an interest in sculpture will agree with me is one of the finest 
pieces of sculpture of modern times. The name of the artist is 
so well known that it is superfluous for me to make any 
remarks upon it. I only hope that at no very distant day he 
will have the privilege of writing E.A. after his name. My 
lords and gentlemen, I beg to thank you for the very kind way 
in which this toast has been proposed and accepted by this 
distinguished company." 

The marked way in which the Prince called attention to the now 
celebrated picture of " The Eoll Call " was a generous tribute 
to rising merit. The young artist thus signalised has more than 


fulfilled the anticipations formed of her. The name of Elizabeth 
Thompson soon became distinguished in Art, and she continues 
to excel in depicting military scenes, now that her name, Lady 
Butler, is associated with that of a most gallant and distinguished 
officer, Sir William Butler, K.C.B. The praise bestowed on " The 
Roll Call " by the Duke of Cambridge was equally hearty, and was 
a high compliment as coming from the head of the British Army. 

May, 1875. 

The President, Sir Francis Grant, in proposing "The Health of the 
Queen," referred to Her Majesty's constant and cordial encourage- 
ment of Art. " In carrying out our Winter Exhibition of the 
Ancient Masters, Her Majesty has always given us her cordial 
support ; and I hope I may be allowed to remind you that last 
year, when we held an exhibition exclusively of the works of the 
late Sir Edwin Landseer, the Queen was so kind as to contribute 
no fewer than sixty works by that eminent artist. For that and 
other gracious acts the Academy desire to record their grateful 

On giving the toast of " The Prince and Princess of Wales and 
the other members of the Eoyal Family," Sir Francis Grant said : 
" I beg to assure His Eoyal Highness that the members of the Royal 
Academy are very sensible of the honour he confers on iis by his 
presence on this as on many former occasions. They especially 
value the compliment as an additional proof of the interest His 
Royal Highness has at all times manifested in the promotion and 
encouragement of Art. I am glad to say the Prince and Princess 
of Wales, accompanied by the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh 
and other members of the Royal Family, honoured the Exhibition 
with their presence on Thursday, and after their usual careful 
examination of the works of Art were pleased to express their 
approbation. We cannot but be impressed by the cordial and 
zealous manner in which both the Princess and the Prince fulfil 
the many onerous duties which devolve on their exalted position. 
We can scarcely take up a newspaper without reading of their Royal 
Highnesses performing some public duty or lending their presence 
for the support of some charitable institution, combining as they 
do this honourable desire to do good with the most gracious 
manner a graciousness which, I venture to say, does not proceed 
from mere courtly education, but from the genuine impulses of 
good and noble natures." 

The toast was drunk with all the honours, and His Royal 
Highness, who was received with much cheering, said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, For the exceedingly kind 
manner in which my health and that of the Princess of Wales 
have been proposed by you, Sir Francis, and received by the 


company here present allow me to return my most sincere 
thanks. The President of the Eoyal Academy and the Eoyal 
Academicians may be assured that it affords us the greatest 
pleasure on all occasions to come to the Eoyal Academy, to 
attend their annual Exhibition. I am sure, Sir Francis, that 
you and your brother Academicians have no cause to complain 
of the Exhibition this year. I am certain that all who have any 
knowledge of Art will agree with me that this is a very fine 
Exhibition, in no way inferior to any of its predecessors. For 
myself, I will only say that it affords me the greatest gratifica- 
tion to be present on an occasion when one meets with the most 
distinguished men men of the highest position and talent, 
surrounded by all that is most beautiful in Art. I beg to return 
my best acknowledgments for the kind manner in which you 
have received the health of the Princess of Wales, of myself, and 
of the other members of the Eoyal Family, and I sincerely hope 
that on many future occasions I may have the happiness to be 
present at the annual gatherings of the Eoyal Academy." 

In responding for the Army, the Duke of Cambridge referred 
with high praise to the picture of " The Last Muster," and also to 
that of the young lady who has again distinguished herself by a 
military picture, " The Square of the 28th Regiment at the Battle 
of Quatre Bras," and also the picture by a foreign artist in another 
room delineating an historic " Charge at Waterloo." 

In speaking of the Navy, the President said that Mr. Brassey 
had presented to the nation the fine picture of the Devastation. 
" I believe," said Sir Francis, " this is the first representation of 
an ironclad that has found a place on these walls a picture of the 
Devastation of which the genius of the talented artist has made 
quite a picturesque object by concealing more than half the vessel 
in smoke, and adorning what remains with a variety of flags." 


After having missed the anniversary festival at Burlington 
House for four years, mainly on account of pressing work, partly 
in connection with Art, the Prince of Wales honoured the 
President and Council by his presence on the 3rd of May, 1879. 
There was the customary number of Eoyal and distinguished guests, 
but another President now filled the Chair, and other changes were 
witnessed among the Academicians. 

Sir Frederick Leighton, in proposing " The Health of the Queen," 
said that, " as members of the Eoyal Academy, we acclaim in this 


toast the head and immediate patron of this institution a 
patron whose patronage has been for forty years not formal 
merely, but whose interest in its well-being has constantly shown 
and still shows itself in acts of gracious and enlightened generosity 
and high examples of support, a generosity and support the fruits 
of which were but a few weeks ago again magnificently evident 
on our walls. Deep gratitude, therefore, mingles with loyalty iu 
the toast which I have now the honour to propose ' The Health of 
Her Majesty the Queen.' " 

The President said of the Prince of Wales, that " his absence for 
a time had not been caused by any diminution of the interest 
which he has ever evinced in this Academy and in the arts which 
are its care, but, on the two last occasions at least, by the 
performance of self-imposed and onerous duties in which the 
furtherance of English Art had no small share. Those who had 
the honour to co-operate with His Koyal Highness in the work to 
which I allude and not a few are seated at this table know by 
experience with what steadfast zeal and devotion and with what 
inexhaustible kindness in his dealings with all he carried it out ; 
but no one, perhaps, so well as myself knows how desirous the 
Prince of Wales has been throughout that English Art should 
receive at the International Exhibition that recognition and 
honour which in his view it deserved, and which in the event was 
measured out to it by the opinion of Europe." The Princess of 
Wales, as all knew, co-operated with never-failing grace with the 
Prince in fulfilling the duties of their high station. As to the 
other members of the Eoyal Family. " all had grown up in the 
love of arts, and several of them practise one or other of those arts 
with enthusiasm and with marked success. I give ' The Prince 
and Princess of Wales, and the rest of the Eoyal Family.' " 

The Prince, in responding, said : 

" Sir Frederick Leighton, your Eoyal Highnesses, my Lords, and 
Gentlemen, I am very grateful for the excessively kind manner 
in which this toast has been proposed and received by this large 
and distinguished company. As the President, Sir Frederick 
Leighton, has said, it is four years since I last had the advantage 
of being present at your annual celebration. It was a matter 
of great regret to me that so long a time should elapse, but it 
has given me great pleasure to come here to-night and take part 
in your proceedings. During those four years events have 
occurred in the history of the Eoyal Academy which have 
awakened deep regret. The members of the Eoyal Academy 
I may say all who sit at these tables feel that they lost a 
friend in the death of Sir Francis Grant, who so long presided 
with so much geniality and kindness at these anniversaries. 


But of the Academy, as of Royalty, it may be said, ' Le Roi est 
mort I Vive le Hoi I ' The President is dead ; another President 
is elected. Sir Frederick Leighton is an old friend of mine a 
friend of upwards of twenty years' standing. I congratulate him 
most cordially and sincerely on the high office he now holds. I 
may also congratulate the Eoyal Academy on having such a 
man to preside over their meetings. 

" I have to return my thanks, and those of my colleagues, to 
Sir F. Leighton for the able assistance he has rendered during 
the recent International Exhibition in Paris. Your President 
was unanimously elected chairman of the Section of Fine Arts, 
and he presided over a jury of at least forty members, and I think 
we have every reason to congratulate ourselves on the results. 

" Let me now congratulate you, Sir Frederick, and the Eoyal 
Academy generally, on the magnificent Exhibition which we see 
before us this evening. I have not yet had sufficient time to 
enable me to speak to its merits, but I hope on some future 
occasion to have the opportunity of going over it more carefully. 
I thank you again for the kind way in which my health and 
that of the Princess of Wales have been proposed and for the 
very warm reception you have given me." 

The Duke of Cambridge, in responding for the Army, referred 
to wars now being carried on in different parts of the world. He 
also spoke with praise of two pictures in this year's Exhibition by 
Miss Thompson. Mr. W. H. Smith spoke for the Navy. Lord 
Beaconsfield responded for Her Majesty's Ministers, Mr. Froucle 
for Literature, the Lord Chief Justice for the Guests, and the 
Lord Mayor for the Corporation of London. The Lord Chief 
Justice (Sir Alexander Cockburn) gave an eloquent description. 
of the chief works of Sir Frederick Leighton, beginning with the 
" Procession of Cimabuc," nearly a quarter of a century ago, from 
which men felt that " a new genius had arisen who was to add to 
the lustre and renown of British Art." Sir Frederick Leighton, in 
his concluding speech, paid a generous tribute to the memory of 
Sir Francis Grant, and also of Mr. E. M. Ward, in whom the 
Academy had lost " one of the few artists who made the history 
of our country a constant subject for study." 


At the annual banquet in 1880, the President, Sir Frederick 
Leighton, paid to the Prince of Wales a handsome compliment 


when he said : " Sir, of the graces by which your Eoyal Highness 
has won and firmly retains the affectionate attachment of English- 
men, none has operated more strongly than the width of your 
sympathies ; for there is no honourable sphere in which English- 
men move, no path of life in which they tread, wherein your 
Royal Highness has not, at some time, by graceful word or deed, 
evinced an enlightened interest." Coming from Sir Frederick 
Leighton, this was not the mere language of flattery. 

In replying, the Prince, after expressing his sincerest thanks, 

'' Year by year the members of my family and myself receive 
invitations to take part in the proceedings at this anniversary 
banquet. You can therefore well understand that I find some 
difficulty in replying to the toast. At the same time I can 
assure the President and the members of the Academy that, 
though year by year we visit these exhibitions and take part at 
these banquets, the interest we take in them does not in any 
way diminish. I may be allowed to congratulate him and his 
colleagues on the very great success of this Exhibition. I had 
the opportunity two or three days ago of going through these 
rooms, and, though I do not profess to be in any way an art 
critic, I am quite sure they have no reason to fear any criticism 
upon the works of art which adorn these walls. 

" I have been charged by my brothers, who generally take 
part in this day's proceedings, to express their great regret that 
they have not been able to be present. My brother, the Duke 
of Edinburgh, has been for the last five or six weeks absent on 
duty in Ireland, where he is employed on an important and, I 
trust, useful mission, not only as Admiral Superintendent of 
the Naval Reserve, but in doing what he can to relieve the 
distress which exists in Ireland. He has lately had the oppor- 
tunity of taking the supplies for distribution on the West 
Coast from that gallant ship the Constitution, sent over by our 
American cousins, so nobly and generously, to afford relief to 
their distressed brethren in Ireland. In a letter I received 
from him two days ago he says the distress still exists, and 
both food and clothing are much wanted ; in many instances 
the corn is not yet sown. I will not touch more upon this 
topic, and I should not have mentioned it had I not been par- 
ticularly requested to do so." 

2 B 



At the banquet of 1881, the most notable incident was the 
special toast in honour of Sir Frederick Eoberts. The President, 
Sir Frederick Leighton, said that " it was unusual at that table to 
single out a guest, however distinguished, when the profession to 
which he belongs has already been made the subject of a toast. 
But the brilliant achievements of Sir Frederick Eoberts, especially 
the now famous march from Cabul to Candahar, had stirred all 
hearts." Sir Frederick, while grateful for the hearty welcome, 
spoke of the services of Sir Donald Stewart, and said that officers 
and men were all animated by one spirit to do their duty, and to 
uphold the honour of their Queen and country. 

Other events, that had occurred since their last assembly, were 
touched upon by the Prince of Wales, in responding to the toast 
with which his name is usually associated at these banquets. He 
said : 

" It is always a great gratification to myself and any other 
members of our family who may be present to come to this 
annual gathering of the Eoyal Academy, and we greatly regret 
when any cause arises to prevent us being present. It is a 
matter of great interest not only to be surrounded by all that is 
finest in modern art, but also to meet so distinguished an 
assembly, although we who come year by year find that gaps 
are made which we must all deeply regret. One of the most 
recent of these has been occasioned by the death of the great 
statesman just taken from us, who but two years ago made in 
this room one of his most eloquent speeches, which must be in 
the memory of all who were then present, many of whom are 
here to-night. I will not allude to the late Earl of Beacons- 
field further than to say how gratifying it is to see that fine 
portrait of him in the next room, executed by one of our first 
artists, Mr. Millais. I might also allude to the removal from 
among us of the late Lord Chief Justice of England, opposite to 
whom I had often the pleasure of sitting at this table. The 
Academy, I am sure, also deplores the loss of Mr. Elmore, and 
Mr. Knight, who was many years Secretary, and we must all 
sympathise with the Academy for the loss they have thus 

"It is not for me on this occasion to offer any criticism on 
the pictures which adorn these walls. I have only had the 


opportunity of taking a very cursory glance at them, and even 
if I were able I should not indulge in any critical remarks. 
But I will say this neither the President nor the members of 
the Academy have any reason to deprecate fair and just 
criticism. One of the greatest pictures in the Exhibition is the 
portrait of the President, painted by himself. In this he has 
only followed the example of some of the great masters, who 
painted their own portraits. As there are so many more 
speeches to be made some of the greatest possible interest I 
will not weary you with more words. I will only again thank 
you, in my own name, in the name of the Princess, and of my 
brothers who are present, for your very kind reception." 

The Duke of Cambridge said the Artists' Corps was one of the 
smartest and most efficient in the Volunteer Army, and he was 
glad of the opportunity of paying this tribute to them. 


At the banquet of 1885, the Prince of Wales was accompanied 
for the first time by Prince Albert Victor. In the speech in reply 
to the usual toast from the Chair, the Prince referred to his being 
accompanied by his son in a very different place from the Academy 
of Art. 

" You, sir " (addressing the President), " have kindly alluded 
to our late visit to Ireland. I can only assure you that, if that 
visit was a labour at all, it was a labour of love. We had for a 
long time past looked forward to a fitting opportunity for once 
more visiting Ireland, and we were glad to avail ourselves of 
the opportunity recently afforded us. I was sure that on going 
there we should meet with a kind and hearty reception, and 
such was the case with very few exceptions. We received as 
kind and loyal a reception as it could be the good fortune of 
any one to meet with. You, sir, have touched upon a subject 
of interest to us. My son and I had the opportunity of visiting, 
although the time allowed us was too short to do all that we 
could have wished to do, those districts of the town of Dublin 
in which the houses, although they might have picturesqueness, 
were certainly not calculated to promote the happiness and 
welfare of their inhabitants. This reminds me that I have had 
the honour of serving for upwards of a year on the Commission 

2 B 2 


which has for its object the improvement of the dwellings of 
the poorer classes of this country. I will not anticipate our 
first report, which will be shortly issued. I will only say before 
sitting down that not only has it been to me a sincere pleasure 
and satisfaction to have aided so important and valuable a 
work, but I have had the advantage of working with some of 
the most distinguished of my countrymen, some of whom are 
here to-night." 

The Duke of Cambridge made touching reference to the death 
of General Gordon. " I feel that the remarks of the President 
call for a sympathetic sentiment on my part and that of the 
Army. The allusion to General Gordon is one that touches the 
heart of every English soldier, from myself down to the youngest 
soldier of us all. I can only deplore the fact that he is no longer 
among us, and that his brilliant career is now over." 


At the banquet of 1888, the President, Sir Frederick Leighton, 
after the toast of " The Queen," in proposing " The Prince and 
Princess of Wales and the rest of the Eoyal Family," referred to 
tliis year being the "Silver Wedding," and also alluded to the 
anxiety then darkening the home of " the Princess Eoyal of 
England," the Empress of Germany. 

The Prince, in reply, said : 

" Mr. President, my Lords, and Gentlemen, This toast has 
been proposed in far too nattering terms, but the words which 
have fallen from Sir Frederick Leighton have not failed to touch 
me deeply, as they also will touch the Princess. I thank you, 
therefore, Mr. President, for the kind manner in which you have 
given the toast, and you, gentlemen, for the way in which you 
have received it. My coming here this evening marks, as it 
were, a double anniversary. This is not only the year of my 
silver wedding, which your President has kindly referred to, 
but it is now just a quarter of a century ago since I first had 
the pleasure and gratification of accepting the kind hospitality 
of this great Academy. There have, no doubt, been many 
changes during that interval in this body. Many illustrious 
and distinguished members of the Academy have passed away ; 
but, while we cannot but regret them, we know that there has 
been no lack of others to fill their places. When one thinks of 


the old buildings in which we used to assemble, which are now 
devoted to the purposes of the National Gallery, and when one 
sees this new edifice, which has existed now for nineteen years, 
and the beautiful objects that adorn its walls, one can form 
some idea of the great progress that has been made in art in 
this country. It is a remarkable fact that, although many new 
galleries are constantly springing up, there appears to be no 
difficulty in adorning their walls and filling them with pictures 
and sculpture. In 1869, 3000 works of art were offered for 
acceptance by this Academy ; but this year, I am told, no less 
than 9300 were sent in. Unfortunately, of that number 
upwards of 7000 had to be returned, because you have only 
room for 2000 odd. The responsibility which rests upon the 
President, and especially upon that most hard-working and 
perhaps I may say also best-abused body, the hanging com- 
mittee, is very great, and their labours increase as years go on. 
They, of course, cannot give satisfaction to everybody; but 
those distinguished artists who must be disappointed at not 
seeing their works upon these walls may perhaps find some 
consolation in observing how very high is the general standard 
of excellence attained by their more fortunate brethren whose 
works have been accepted. 

" Before sitting down I wish to acknowledge on behalf of my 
sister and her husband the kind sympathy which you, sir, have 
expressed to-night in such feeling words. I wish it were 
possible for me to give on this occasion greater hopes of the life 
of one so near and dear to me, of one of such value, not only to 
his own country, but, I maintain, to the world at large. The 
recent news which we have received has been rather more 
favourable, and God grant that such news may continue. At 
any rate, as long as there is life there is hope. I thank you 
once more, Mr. President, for the cordial terms in which you 
have proposed my health and the kind way in which you have 
alluded to the members of my family." 

The Duke of Cambridge, who has the pleasurable duty every 
year of responding to the toast of the Army, must naturally feel 
increasing difficulty in varying the subject of his discourses. He 
was, however, never more happy in his remarks than at the 
banquet of 1888. " Every year that I come here," said the Duke, 
" 1 feel more at home among you, and for this reason, because I 


believe that there is great sympathy between artists and military 
men. It has been said that the services seem to some extent out 
of place in a company composed of artists, because artists are 
concerned with art and science and peaceful pursuits ; but I 
believe, on the other hand, that artists derive a great advantage 
from observing our profession, because it supplies them with many 
subjects which they love to portray. And the military sentiment 
among artists is by no means to be considered as effaced. When I 
see what a splendid corps of Volunteers the artists supply, I think 
I may claim them as one of the elements of strength which we 
should use should any emergency arise. God forbid that it 
should ever arise ; but, if it should, may the services be in a con- 
dition to prevent danger from approaching this country." These 
last words form the burden of most of the wise and patriotic 
speeches which the Duke of Cambridge delivers at the Academy 
and elsewhere. 



July 2nd, 1866 

THE Corporation of the Trinity House received its first charter in 
1514, from King Henry VIII. It was then a guild or brotherhood 
for the encouragement of the science and art of navigation, and 
was first empowered to build lighthouses and erect beacons by an 
Act passed in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. This has gradually 
come to be the chief duty of the Corporation, and a very important 
one it is to a nation with such vast commerce. The Scottish coasts 
are under a separate Board, but all others are under the charge of 
the Trinity House. The Mastership of the Company has in recent 
times been an honourable post, held by Princes and Statesmen. 
Lord Liverpool was Master in 1816, and was followed by the 
Marquis Camden, the Duke of Clarence, afterwards William IV., 
the Duke of Wellington, the Prince Consort, and Lord Palmerston, 
since whose death the office has been held by the Duke of Edinburgh. 
The post was offered to the Prince of Wales, but was declined by 
him, in behalf of his sailor brother, " with graceful delicacy and 
characteristic manliness," as Sir Frederick Arrow, the Deputy- 
Master said, in proposing his health at the first banquet where he 
was a guest. 

This first festival meeting after the election of the Duke of 
Edinburgh as Master took place on the 2nd of July, 1866. 
Among the guests were the King of the Belgians, the Prince of 
Wales, the Premier and several members of the Cabinet, the Lord 
Chief Justice, the Lord Mayor, and other distinguished persons. 
The guests were received by the Elder Brethren in the Court Room 
of the Corporation, a stately apartment, adorned with portraits of 
Royal personages and of former Masters. 

His Royal Highness the Master proposed the health of " Her 
Majesty the Queen," and then that of the " King of the Belgians," 
who in his reply warmly thanked a Corporation which rendered im- 
portant services to all maritime and commercial nations. In giving 
the toast of ' The Prince of Wales, the Princess of Wales, and the 
other members of the Royal Family," the Master said : " It has 
never before been my pleasing duty to propose the health of my 
brother in his presence, and I should feel very shy if I were to 

make any remarks further than that, as Master of your Corporation, 
her, I beg you to give him a most hearty welcome." 

and as his brother 


His Boyal Highness the Prince of Wales said : 
" May it please your Majesty, your Eoyal Highness, my Lords, 
and Gentlemen, Under any circumstances it would have been 
a source of gratification to me to be present on such an occasion 
as this, but more especially when I have been invited by my 
own brother and have the pleasure of supporting him on the 
first occasion of his taking the chair as Master of this Company. 
Perhaps you will allow me on this occasion merely to mention 
that ; after the death of that distinguished and lamented states- 
man whose loss we must always deplore, the office of Master 
was most kindly offered to me by the Brethren of this Company. 
I begged to decline at least, I begged to offer the suggestion 
that the office should be offered to my brother, who was far 
more fit to undertake its duties. Among the distinguished 
personages who are present on this occasion it is, you will allow 
me to say, very gratifying to have the honour of the presence of 
his Majesty the King of the Belgians. After the very kind 
manner in which he has spoken of his attachment to this 
country, which I know is a real attachment, and not merely a 
form of words, because I have often heard the same sentiment 
expressed by him in private after such expressions from his 
Majesty I think I may say that we as Englishmen feel a strong 
attachment to his country a country distinguished in its own. 
position among the nations of the Continent, and a country 
for which his ever lamented father did so much. I beg to 
thank you for the honour you have done me in drinking my 
own health in connection with the health of her Eoyal Highness 
the Princess of Wales and the other members of the Eoyal 

July 20th, 1868. 

At the banquet of 1868, on the 20th of July, the Prince was 
formally installed as one of the " Younger Brethren " of the 
Trinity House, the oaths having been administered by the Duke 
of Edinburgh, as Master. In proposing the usual loyal toasts, the 
Master said it gave him much satisfaction to be supported by his 
brother, who, however, on this occasion was present as a member 
of the Corporation. The Prince, on speaking to the toast, said : 

" Your Eoyal Highnesses, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I return 
my best thanks to my illustrious relative for the kind way in 


which he has proposed this toast, and for coupling with it the 
health of the Princess of "Wales and that of the other members 
of the Royal Family. I am very grateful for the reception which 
has been accorded him in this room, and I have great pleasure 
in being here this evening. This is not the first time I have 
been present at the hospitable board of the Trinity House. It 
is the second tune I have supported my brother, and I come 
here now in a double capacity, for I have the honour of being 
present to-day as a member of this Corporation and as his 
' younger brother.' I am sure I may say even in his presence 
that it is a source of the greatest satisfaction to me to be present 
at the first dinner at which he has presided since his return from 
Australia. I know I am only speaking his wishes when I say 
that, although the season is now far advanced, he thought, con- 
sistently with the duties he had to perform on board the Galatea, 
now off Osborne, he could not refrain from taking the chair at 
the anniversary dinner of this ancient Corporation, of which he 
has the honour of being the Master. I thank you for the kind 
way in which this toast has been received." 

The Duke of Eichmond, as President of the Board of Trade, 
acknowledged the great services to the Mercantile Marine rendered 
by the Trinity House. Lord Napier of Magdala, in response to 
the toast of " The Visitors," spoke of the efficient manner in which 
the Transport Service had been carried out during the Abyssinian 

July 4th, 1869. 

In 1869 the Duke of Edinburgh was absent, and the Prince of 
Wales undertook the office of presiding at the dinner on the 4th of 
July. Sir Frederick Arrow, Deputy Master, and the Elder 
Brethren, among whom were Mr. Disraeli and Mr. Gladstone, 
honorary Brethren, received the invited guests, among whom were 
Prince Arthur, Prince Christian, Prince Teck, Prince Edward of 
Saxe Weimar, and numerous men of high distinction in public life. 

The Prince having proposed " The Health of The Queen, the 
protectress of this ancient Corporation," Sir Frederick Arrow gave 
" The Health of the Prince and Princess of Wales and the rest of 
the Eoyal Family." The Deputy Master referred to the sympathy 
of the Prince with naval service in all departments, and especially 
his love of yachting. He also referred to his tour in the East, 
since they last assembled at their annual festival. The Prince 
replied : 


" Your Eoyal Highnesses, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I am 
gratified by the honour you have done me in drinking my health 
and that of the Princess of Wales and the other members of the 
Eoyal Family. I can assure you it has given me great pleasure 
to be present on this occasion, but I feel I have hardly any right 
to occupy this chair. The last time I was here I was elected a 
younger member of your Corporation. To-day I have become 
an elder member, and Sir Frederick Arrow asked me to take 
the chair in place of my brother, the Master, who is now in a 
far distant land. You may be sure that I shall always be ready 
to assist in every way I can to promote the good of this 
excellent institution. Sir Frederick Arrow has been pleased to 
allude to my yachting. It is true I am fond of yachting, but 1 
cannot claim to be either a nautical or a naval man. You may, 
however, always reckon upon any services I can render in any 
way in which you may think I can be useful to your Cor- 

Other customary toasts were then given, and responded to. To 
the toast of " The Master of the Corporation," his Eoyal High- 
ness the Duke of Edinburgh, " wishing him a happy, prosperous, 
and safe voyage from the Southern hemispheie, and a quick return 
home," the Prince of Wales replied : 

" Your Eoyal Highnesses, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I feel 
I am in rather a difficult position in having to return thanks for 
one who is absent. At the same time, I feel assured my brother 
would be gratified by my thanking you for the manner in which 
his health has been proposed and welcomed. According to the 
French proverb, ' lies absens ont toujours tort.' But I hope you 
will think differently, seeing that my brother is a post captain 
in Her Majesty's Navy, and is visiting one of Her Majesty's far 
distant colonies. I am sure if he knew you were drinking his 
health at this time his heart would be with you. Before I sit 
down I have the honour of proposing to you a toast the 
principal toast of the evening. I call upon you to drink, 
' Prosperity to the Corporation of Trinity House.' It would be 
almost superfluous in me to make any remarks on the Corpora- 
tion or its present or future development. It has existed since 
the time of Henry VIII., and ever since that time to the present 
the community has taken the deepest interest in its prosperity. 


It has also been connected through its honorary Brethren 'with 
some of the most distinguished men, and many of those honorary 
Brethren are present here this evening. Its object is to protect 
our ships and our sailors, and that object is never forgotten. As 
the First Lord of the Admiralty has just said, while the Navy is 
called upon to protect our commerce, the Corporation of Trinity 
House is called upon to protect our sailors and our ships. The 
first electric light put up in this country was that at Dungeness, 
and the great "Wolf Eock, which has long been the terror of our 
sailors, will before long cease to be so. This will show you that 
the Trinity House authorities are anxious to do their duty and 
to maintain their great name, which I am sure is honoured here 
and in other countries. Before I resume my seat I give you 
' The Health of Sir Frederick Arrow, the Deputy Master,' and 
I am sure you will drink it with enthusiasm, knowing as you do 
how justly he merits your applause. He has done his duty in 
every way to maintain the interests of the Corporation, and I 
think the honour was eminently due which his Sovereign con- 
ferred in making him Sir Frederick Arrow. I call upon you to 
drink ' Prosperity to the ancient Corporation of Trinity House,' 
coupling with the toast the name of Sir Frederick Arrow." 

Sir Frederick Arrow, having briefly responded, gave the toast of 
"Her Majesty's Ministers," saying that, although politics are 
unknown at the Trinity House, it was their duty to mark their 
respect for the Government of the day. Mr. Gladstone responded. 
The toast of " The Maritime and Commercial Interests of the 
Country," was coupled with the name of Mr. Bright, as President 
of the Board of Trade. Mr. Bright made an eloquent reply, dis- 
coursing on the benefits to this nation, and to all nations, of the 
works of the Trinity House Corporation. He said that he believed 
that " at this time the merchant ships of England are equal, or 
nearly equal I have heard it said they surpass in number and 
tonnage the seagoing merchant ships of all other countries in the 
world. This is an extraordinary thing, if it be true. But, whether 
it be exactly true or not, there can be no doubt with regard to 
foreign commerce with regard to ships on the ocean this country 
has a position at this moment which I believe it never held before, 
and one I think we may fairly be proud of. I delight, therefore, to 
dilate on the grandeur of our merchant navy, and I agree with 
Mr. Card well in hoping that the time is coming when the resources 
of this country may not be expended to an extravagant extent in 
maintaining our military establishments." 

In dilating on the magnitude of British commerce and the 


number of British merchant ships, it probably never occurred to 
Mr. Bright that in case of war, a few swift armed cruisers would 
make these ships fly, like doves before hawks, and the eeas be cleared 
of our now countless merchant steamers. The Alabama and a few 
swift rovers speedily swept all the commerce of the United States 
from the sea ; and the same would be the fate of the vaster com- 
merce of Great Britain, if there are not armed vessels, swift, 
powerful, and numerous, to protect our mercantile navy in every 
region of the globe. There is no political question in this, but the 
common prudential principle of insurance against possible peril 
and disaster. Our coasts may be adequately defended, but there 
is need of a naval volunteer service as well as of volunteer riflemen 
and gunners on land. It may be one of the future national 
services rendered by the Prince of Wales to get the yachting men 
of the day to form themselves into naval volunteers, in case of the 
protection of swift armed cruisers being needed for protecting the 
fleets of merchantmen on which the people of England depend for 

After Mr. Bright's speech, the toast of" The Honorary Brethren" 
was responded to by Mr. Disraeli, who was followed by Sir Stafford 
Northcote, Sir E. Phillimore, and Sir John Burgoyne. Seldom has 
the banqueting hall of the Trinity House been honoured by the 
presence of so many illustrious and eloquent guests. 

June 24th, 1871. 

IN 1871, the Duke of Edinburgh, Master of the Trinity House, had 
returned to England, and on the 24th of June took his place as 
President at the annual banquet. The Prince of Wales was 
present, and a distinguished company. 

In proposing the health of the Prince of Wales, the Master 
thanked him for having performed the duties of the Mastership 
during his absence. Three years before he had jocularly called the 
Prince his younger Brother. He had since become an Elder 
Brother, but, in respect of the Trinity House, he, as Master, was 
still the eldest brother. The Prince, in reply, said : 

" It is a great pleasure to me to have my health proposed by 
my brother in the kind manner in which he has proposed it. 
He has been pleased to allude to what I call the small duties 
which I have had to perform at the Trinity House in his absence. 
I think all the Brethren are well aware that it gave me great 
satisfaction to be able to do anything during my brother's 
absence ; and I only regret that I had not more to do ; but the 
real duties were, in fact, performed by a gentleman who now 
sits on my right (the Deputy Master), and I have to thank him 


and all the Brethren for the assistance they rendered during the 
interregnum. My brother is now on half-pay, but the time 
may come when he will again have an important command. In 
that event I shall be glad again to be of any service during his 
absence, and the Trinity House may always count upon my 
placing myself at their disposal." 

The usual toasts were given, and responded to. His Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales gave Her Majesty's Ministers, 
saying : 

" To whatever party they belonged, so long as they performed 
their duty to the Crown and upheld the dignity and honour of 
the country, they were entitled to the compliment he now asked 
the company to pay to them, and he had great pleasure in coupling 
the toast with the name of his noble and learned friend the 
Lord Chancellor." 

The Lord Chancellor responded, saving that there was not 
among the methods of preserving peace any greater or more 
effective means than that of maintaining in its full force and 
activity the great Navy of England, which must be looked upon 
by every Government with unmixed admiration ; and he trusted, 
whatever differences might exist on other subjects, Her Majesty's 
Government would show that they had one common object, the 
maintenance of the maritime reputation, honour, and dignity of 
the country. 

Mr. Milner Gibson, by command of the Master, proposed a toast 
always given at the Trinity House anniversaries : " The maritime 
and commercial interests of the country, and the President of the 
Board of Trade." Having himself long held the office of President 
of the Board of Trade, Mr. Milner Gibson bore testimony to the 
efficient administration by the Trinity House of the funds placed 
at their disposal. As the funds came from a tax on the shipping 
and trade of the country, it is a right and constitutional thing 
that the expenditure should be controlled by the Minister of 
Commerce, responsible to Parliament. He could say that the 
lights on the coast of the United Kingdom were equal, if not 
superior, to the lights which existed in any other country in the 
world. Under the control of the Board of Trade we had made 
great improvement in the system of lighting our coasts, coupled 
with a reduced charge upon the trade of the country. 

It might have been added that it was when the Prince Consort 
was Master that more constitutional relations between the Trinity 
House and the Government came into operation, the funds being 
supplied by the Board of Trade, and administered by the Corpora- 
tion, who then had what they called " new Sailing Orders " for their 


June 27th, 1874. 

The banquet at the Corporation Hall on June 27, 1874, was 
presided over by His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, in the 
absence of the Master, the Duke of Edinburgh. The Deputy 
Master Sir Frederick Arrow, after the usual loyal and patriotic 
toasts, gave " The Health of the Prince of Wales," who responded in 
brief and appropriate terms, and afterwards proposed the toast 
of " Prosperity to the Corporation of the Trinity House." He 

" Your Eoyal Highnesses, my Lords, and Gentlemen, I have 
now the honour of proposing to you a toast which I only wish 
had been placed in better hands than mine. Although I have 
the honour of being connected with this ancient Guild, I do not 
feel that I possess that nautical knowledge which a person ought 
to have who proposes a toast like ' Prosperity to the Corporation 
of Trinity House ' ; but I am sure it is a toast which will meet 
with your approval this evening. I will begin by stating that 
the few remarks with which I shall preface the toast are not of 
my own knowledge, the facts having been supplied to me by the 
kindness of the Deputy Master, and if I get out of my depth or 
among the quicksands I must trust you will excuse me. I speak 
with sincerity when I say that since we met here last year the 
duties of the Trinity House have been carried on as successfully 
as on any previous occasion, and that the whole of its proceed- 
ings have been of a highly satisfactory character. There have 
been several new lighthouses built one, I believe, has been 
completed to-day, and is to be opened on the 1st of July. It is 
on Hartland Point, and, with reference to our commercial 
interests, is considered to be of great importance. It will do 
much to facilitate our trade with the Welsh coal ports. The 
Goodwin Sands is a name which fills every sailor with alarm ; 
and, although everything has been done to prevent the fearful 
wrecks with which the name is associated, we have only to read 
the daily newspapers to be aware of the fearful disasters that 
often occur at sea outside those terrible sands. The Trinity 
House has lately put a second lighthouse eastward of Beachy 

" There is another subject in connection with which the 
Trinity House has taken a very active part, and it is one of 


great importance, especially to nautical men. I mean the subject 
of sound-signals in foggy weather. The Trinity House has 
every reason to feel deeply indebted to Professor Tyndall, who, I 
regret to say, could not be with us upon this occasion owing to 
his absence from England. Some most interesting experiments 
in connection with sound-signals have been carried out by him, 
and a most able report has been written by him on the subject. 
I am sure you will all agree with me in thinking this a most 
important matter, and one in which it is natural that the Trinity 
House should take a prominent interest. At a great many 
stations it has been determined to place these fog-signals where 
lights can be of no avail. 

" There is another matter in connection with which the Trinity 
House has every reason for congratulation. I mean the reduc- 
tion of dues to the amount of 80,000, in addition to the 
reduction of 60,000 in 1872. There are many other important 
facts connected with the Trinity House which the Deputy 
Master has been kind enough to place at my disposal, but which 
I need not now detain you by mentioning. In proposing the 
toast of ' Prosperity to the Corporation of the Trinity House/ it 
is my pleasing duty to connect it with the health of one who 
not only does everything to make our annual gatherings here 
most agreeable, but who performs the arduous and responsible 
duties which he has to .discharge in a most praiseworthy and 
effective manner. I am sure that you will drink most cordially 
the health of the Deputy Master. My Lords and gentlemen, 
I give you ' Prosperity to the Corporation of the Trinity House, 
coupled with the name of Sir Frederick Arrow, the Deputy 
Master.' " 

At a later period of the evening His Royal Highness proposed the 
t >asts of " Her Majesty's Ministers," to which the Lord Chancellor 
responded, and the " Distinguished Visitors," coupling with it the 
name of the Lord Chief Justice of England (Sir Alexander 

June 2nd, 1875. 

In 1875 the Duke of Edinburgh was not abroad, and presided at 
the annual dinner on the 2nd of June. The seamen of the Galatea 
lined the way to the Hall, on Tower Hill, in honour of the 
occasion, and of the presence of their captain. In the room where 

2 C 


the guests were received was a portrait of the Master, painted as 
a companion picture to those already on the walls, by a Eussian 
artist, G. Koberwein. Count Shouvaloff, the Eussian Ambassador, 
was among the guests. In responding to the customary toast of 
" The Eoyal Family," the Prince of Wales expressed his gratification 
at his brother Prince Leopold having become a member of the 
Corporation. The Duke of Cambridge responded for the Army. 


The banquet of 1877 was again presided over by the Prince of 
Wales, in the absence of the Master, the Duke of Edinburgh. 
There was the usual select company, including Eoyal and other 
distinguished guests, especially General Grant, who, in his travels 
throughout the old world, was received with as great honour as 
any king could be. 

In proposing the health of the Prince of Wales, the Earl of 
Derby said : " No one particularly likes to listen to his own 
panegyric, even at a public dinner, and therefore I will say nothing 
with regard to the illustrious subject of my toast beyond that 
which you all know to be the simple and literal truth. His Eoyal 
Highness has not only now, but for many years past, done all that 
is in the power of man to do, by genial courtesies towards men of 
every class, and by his indefatigable assiduity in the performance 
of every social duty, to secure at once that public respect which is 
due to his exalted position and that social sympathy and personal 
popularity which no position, however exalted, can of itself be 
sufficient to secure. We regret the absence of the illustrious 
Master of the Corporation, the Duke of Edinburgh, but we regret 
it the less because he is doing what each of us in our humble 
spheres desires and endeavours to do he is serving his country. 
1 give you " The Health of His Eoyal Highness the Prince of 
Wales and the rest of the Eoyal Family." 

The toast was drunk with all the accustomed honours, and the 
Prince in reply said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, I return you my sincere thanks 
for the kind way in which the toast of my health has been pro- 
posed and the manner in which it has been received. I can 
assure the whole company that I feel it a great honour to be 
present on this occasion, especially connected as I have the 
honour to be with your Master. I regret that my brother is 
not here this evening. It is now two years since I was present 
at this annual gathering, and I regret to say I miss the kind 
and genial face of the late Deputy Master, Sir Frederick 
Arrow ; but in Admiral Collinson we have an excellent substi- 


tute. On the present occasion it is a matter of peculiar gratifi- 
cation to us as Englishmen to receive as our guest General 
Grant. I can assure him, for myself and for all the loyal 
subjects of the Queen, that it has given us the greatest pleasure 
to see him as a guest in this country. My lords and gentlemen, 
before resuming my seat, it is my privilege to propose to you 
another toast one which always recommends itself most 
heartily to the public, and that is ' The Army, Navy, and Eeserve 
Forces/ connecting with it on this occasion the name of a dis- 
tinguished officer, Lord Strathnairn, and that of the Hon. Sir 
Henry Keppel." 

The toast was received with three times three. Lord Strathnairn 
and Sir H. Keppel replied to the compliment, and the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer responded to the toast of "Her Majesty's 
Ministers," proposed by His Eoyal Highness the Chairman. Other 
toasts having been given and acknowledged, the Earl of Carnarvon 
proposed " The Health of the Guests," coupled with the name of 
General Grant; saying that "there never has been one to 
whom we willingly accord a freer, a fuller, a heartier welcome 
than we do to General Grant on this occasion. We accord it to 
him, not merely because we believe he has performed the part of 
a distinguished General in many a ' well-foughten field,' nor 
because he has twice filled the highest office which the citizens of 
his great country can fill, but because we look upon him here 
present to-night as representing, so to speak, that good- will and 
that affection which ought to subsist between us and the United 
States of America. It is not a century since there befell this 
country what we believe to have been the greatest misfortune 
that her pages record. Not a hundred years ago the States of 
America separated from us ; and, great as the loss was, I do not 
think that the separation was the greatest part of the calamity. 
The disaster lay in this, that the separation on each side was 
effected amid the storms of passion, resentment, and animosity. 
Yet not a century has rolled by, and I believe, and thank God for 
believing, that in a great measure that animosity and resentment 
have passed away, and we are entering on a new stage of mutual 
trust, of mutual sympathy, and of mutual support and strength. 
I have had, perhaps, special opportunities of observing this in the 
office I have the honour to hold. It has been my duty to be 
connected with the great dominion of Canada, stretching, as it 
does, several thousand miles along the frontier of the United 
States, and during the last three or four years I can truthfully 
say that nothing impressed me more or gave me livelier satisfac- 
tion than the interchange of friendly and good offices between the 
two countries under the auspices of President Grant. 

2 c 2 


General Grant was loudly cheered on rising to respond. He 
spoke in such a low voice as not to be heard distinctly, but he was 
understood to say that he felt more impressed than possibly he 
had ever felt before on any occasion. He came there under the 
impression that this was the Trinity House, and that the trinity 
consisted of the Army, the Navy, and Peace. He therefore thought 
it was a place of quietude, where there would be no talk or toasts. 
He had been therefore naturally surprised at hearing both one and 
the other. He had heard some remarks from His Eoyal Highness 
the President of the evening which compelled him to say one word 
in response to them. The remarks he referred to were compli- 
mentary to him. He begged to thank His Eoyal Highness for 
those remarks. There had been other things said during the 
evening highly gratifying to him. Not the least gratifying 
among them was to hear that there were occasionally in this 
country party fights as well as in America. He had seen before 
now as much as a war between the three departments of the 
State the executive, the judicial, and the legislative departments. 
He had not seen the political parties of England go so far as that 
since he had come to this country. He would imitate their 
Chairman, who had set the good example of oratory that was 
brevity and say no more than simply to thank His Eoyal 
Highness and the company for the visitors. 

This is one of the longest speeches ever made by General Grant, 
whose allusion to party fights was suggested bv what had been 
said by the Chancellor of the Exchequer : " There have been 
reports and rumours of dissensions in the Cabinet, and of them I 
do not mean to say anything but this there is one subject on 
which there is no dissension. Among all the ministers who have 
ever dined at the Trinity House there is no dissension as to the 
manner in which they have been received in this hospitable hall." 


( 391 ) 


THE Koyal College of Music has occupied so much of the time and 
labour of the Prince of Wales, and promises to be an institution 
of so great national importance, that it seems well to present in 
order the various movements that led up to the foundation of the 
College, and to group together the successive speeches of the 
Prince on this subject. 

June \bth, 1875. 

THE need for extending musical education, and for improving 
musical taste in England, has long been felt. That there is no 
lack of musical genius or skill in our country is sufficiently 
attested by the great array of eminent composers and distinguished 
performers, whether in vocal or instrumental music, both in former 
and in recent times. Nor has the love of the art, and delight in 
its exercise, ever been wanting. There was a time when what we 
now call " old English " rounds and catches, glees and madrigals, 
and all kinds of choral compositions, were popular, in the widest 
sense of the word. The love of orchestral harmony has also been 
great in England, where Handel found his home, and the best 
field for his wonderful powers. In those days Ireland was truly 
one with England, in appreciation of high classical music. It 
was in Dublin that the Messiah was first heard, and best appre- 
ciated. Even in the depressed period of music, in the early 
decades of this century, there were always competitions of well- 
trained choirs and bands, which showed the love and practice of 
musical art to be still widely diffused and ardently cultivated. 

Notwithstanding all this, it had come to be necessary to take 
some measures for advancing musical art throughout the country, 
where great towns and busy centres of industry had multiplied, 
without the civilising influence of music being to a corresponding 
degree diffused. No one felt this more strongly than the Prince 
Consort, but the opportunity of carrying out his ideas did not 
arise in his lifetime. The Boyal Academy of Music, founded in 
1822, and incorporated in 1830, did good service in its limited 


way, for training its pupils and awarding a few scholarships ; but 
some institution was needed, with larger expansiveness, and 
capable of diffusing the love and the practice of music more 
widely among the people. 

It was in furtherance of this national purpose that the Prince 
of Wales, who put himself at the head of the movement, held 
a conference at Marlborough House, on the 15th of June, 1875. 

The immediate object was to promote the establishment of free 
scholarships, to be held in the National Training Schools for 
Music, then being erected, close to the Eoyal Albert Hall, at 
Kensington Gore. The Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Christian, 
and the Duke of Teck were present ; and representatives of many 
public bodies in Church and State, including the Archbishops and 
several Bishops, the Lord Mayor of London and the Mayors of 
many provincial towns, the Masters or Prime Wardens of the 
City Companies, the head masters of public schools, the Chairman 
and members of the London School Board, the Parliamentary 
representatives of the Metropolitan boroughs, and a very numerous 
company, of the most distinguished name and position. 

The Prince of AN ales, in opening the proceedings, expressed his 
gratification at the large attendance, which augured well for the 
object they all had in view. He then called on the Duke of Edin- 
burgh to move the first resolution, in introducing which he gave a 
lucid and interesting statement of the history of the movement. 

In 1854, the Eoyal Academy of Music made an application to the 
Commissioners of the Exhibition of 1851 to grant a site upon their 
estate for a building in which they could carry on their labours. 
The negotiations were not successful, and matters remained in 
abeyance until 1865, when the Society of Arts appointed a Com- 
mittee to consider and report on the whole subject of musical 
education in this country. Of this committee the Prince of Wales 
consented to act as chairman. Inquiries were made as to the 
methods employed in the management of musical academies in 
Paris, Berlin, Munich, Milan, and other Continental schools. 
Eeports were drawn up, one of the main points in which dealt 
with the necessity for instituting scholarships to be competed for 
openly, so as to draw out the best musical talent throughout the 
country. Assistance should be given in cases where the scholars 
were unable to provide education for themselves. 

In 1872 negotiations were reopened with the Eoyal Academy, 
with the idea of removing the head-quarters of the Academy from 
Tenderden Street to South Kensington. It became more evident 
that the purposes contemplated by the Committee of the Society 
of Arts could be better accomplished by the establishment of a 
new and independent institution as a National Training School 
for Music. The foundation-stone of the new institution had been 
laid in 1873, at which time a member of the Council, Mr. Freake, 
had liberally offered to undertake the whole cost of the building. 
At first Mr. Fieake intended to give the use only of the building 


for some years, but he now requested the acceptance of it as a free 
jiift. It was further stated \>j the Duke of Edinburgh that there 
was ample accommodation for above 300 students. It only 
remained to obtain the foundation of Scholarships in sufficient 
numbers for the appointment of a permanent Staff of Professors, 
and other arrangements for efficiently carrying on the new training 

The Duke of Edinburgh then moved a resolution for the appoint- 
ment of a Committee for taking steps to found Free Scholarships 
for the City of London and the Metropolitan districts. This 
resolution was seconded by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and 
supported by the Lord Mayor and the Archbishop of York. 

The Prince of Wales, in responding to a vote of thanks for 
having convened and presiding over the meeting, said, " he 
thought the initiative in this matter was really due to his brother, 
the Duke of Edinburgh, who had taken great interest in music 
since his childhood. The same was the case with their father, 
the late Prince Consort, whose name would always be remem- 
bered with gratitude for the powerful influence he had exercised 
on the intellectual advancement of the country, and to whose 
efforts might be traced in great measure the important place 
which music now held in the estimation of all classes. 

" On the whole, they had reason to congratulate themselves on 
the success of the meeting, and he was glad to have the oppor- 
tunity of returning his thanks to the Lord Mayor and to all the 
gentlemen representing the great City Companies for their co- 
operation on this occasion, feeling that that meeting would be 
the commencement of a movement which he trusted would be 
a success. In conclusion, he wished to move a resolution con- 
veying a vote of thanks to Mr. Freake for the handsome and 
liberal manner in which he had so kindly behaved in giving the 
building for the National Training School of Music. It was 
already a great exercise of liberality to offer the use of it rent 
free for five years, and certainly he was sure none present could 
have expected that he would have made them a present of it. 
He was therefore anxious that they should on that occasion 
record a unanimous vote of thanks to him for his great liberality, 
and for the interest he had taken in the welfare of that which 
they had so much at heart." 

The Duke of Edinburgh seconded the resolution, which was 
carried unanimously. 


February 28th, 1882. 

As far back as June, 1875, the Prince of "Wales, we have seen, had 
taken steps to secure improvement of musical education throughout 
the kingdom. "With this purpose he had invited many influential 
persons to a Conference at Marlborough House, which was held on 
the 15th of June of that year, and which resulted in the establish- 
ment of the National Training School of Music, with Sir Arthur 
Sullivan as its Principal. Ten years earlier, in 1865, the Prince 
had induced the Society of Arts to appoint a Committee to consider 
and report on the whole subject of musical education in this 
country, and of this Committee he gladly consented to act as 

In 1878 the Prince summoned a number of gentlemen to a 
meeting at Marlborough House, where the proposal to found a 
National College of Music, uniting the Academy and the Training 
School, was first mooted. A committee was appointed, and the 
assent both of the Academy and the School had been obtained, 
when the Academy withdrew, and declined to accept the proposals 
of union. It was not till after the lapse of several years that the 
way was clear for the establishment of a new and truly national 

On the 28th of February, 1882, the Prince of Wales presided at 
a meeting held in the Banqueting Hall, St. James's Palace, for the 
purpose of soliciting public support for founding a " Eoyal College 
of Music." This meeting is destined to be a memorable event, not 
only in musical annals, but in the history of the nation. What 
was the character and influence of that meeting was stated in 
eloquent terms by Sir George Grove, in his speech at the inaugu- 
ration of the Royal College in the following year. This statement 
will be given in full on a subsequent page, the following words 
being sufficient to quote here : " A meeting so truly national in its 
aspect gave, if I may use a not inappropriate figure, the key-note 
of the movement ; and the key-note thus struck at St. James's 
Palace resounded through the country, and met with a ready and 
harmonious response." 

Larger meetings the Prince has frequently addressed, but never 
one more broadly representative of all the most distinguished and 
influential classes in the kingdom. The Ambassadors and Ministers 
of most of the Continental Powers were also among the audience. 

The Prince of Wales, who on rising was most cordially greeted, 
opened the proceedings by reading letters from the Duke of Con- 
naught and Prince Christian, expressing regret that circumstances 
prevented them from being present, and their hearty sympathy 
with the objects of the meeting. Prince Christian in his letter 


briefly recounted the history of the fruitless attempt which had 
been made to induce Professor Macfarren and the directors of the 
Koyal Academy of Music to consent to a union of their institution 
with the National Training School of Music, with a view to form 
a Royal College of Music on a more extended basis. The Prince 
of Wales then said : 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, I have called you together to- 
day, the representatives of the counties and towns in England, 
the dignitaries of the Church and other religious and educational 
bodies, distinguished colonists now resident in England, and the 
representatives of foreign Powers, to aid me in the promotion of 
a national object by obtaining contributions for the establish- 
ment of a Eoyal College of Music. Were the object less than 
of national importance, I should not have troubled you the 
heads of social life to meet me here to-day, and I should not 
myself have undertaken the responsibility of acting as the 
leader and organiser of the movement. I have invited to meet 
you the leading musicians and publishers of music, the most 
eminent musical instrument makers, the most influential 
amateurs and patrons of music, and I trust that by the co- 
operation and union of some of the most powerful elements of 
society, we may succeed in establishing a Eoyal College of 
Music on a more extended basis than any existing institution in 
United Kingdom ; worthy alike of this meeting and of this 
country, for whose benefit you are asked to give your time, your 
money, and your influence. 

" I do not propose to trouble you with any proofs of the 
advantages that would be derived from the establishment of a 
National College of Music. That subject has been fully dis- 
cussed by the Duke of Albany at Manchester, and his address 
is before the world. He showed that relatively to foreign 
countries England occupied three centuries ago a higher place in 
the musical world than she does at the present time, and he 
proved that the almost universal establishment of central and 
national musical institutions abroad, and the want of such an 
institution in England, had been one cause why musical progress 
has not in this country kept pace with the increase of wealth 
and population and the corresponding development of science 
and art. 

" Again, the necessity of public aid formed the groundwork of 


the appeal made at Manchester by the Duke of Edinburgh and 
Prince Christian. Music, as they showed, is far more expensive 
to teach than other arts, and the natural capacity for instruction 
in music is more rare than in almost any other art. You are 
compelled, then, if you would have good musicians, to provide 
means by which those to whom nature has been bountiful in 
giving good ears and good voices, but niggardly in giving worldly 
wealth, may be sought out in their obscurity and brought up to 
distinction by a proper course of instruction. 

"What I have said naturally leads me to deal with free 
education in music, coupled in certain cases with free main- 
tenance of the pupil as the first branch of the subject on which 
I desire to engage your sympathies and ask your aid. This 
system of gratuitous education is one of the principal features 
which will distinguish the new college from the Royal Academy 
and other excellent existing schools of music. I do not mean to 
say that we intend to exclude paying pupils. To adopt such a 
course would be to deprive musical ability in the upper classes 
of any means of access to the college, and would stamp it with 
a narrow and contracted character, which is above all to be 
avoided in a national institution intended to include in its 
corporate character all classes throughout the United Kingdom. 
What I seek to create is an institution bearing the same relation 
to the art of music as that which our great public schools Eton 
and Winchester, for example bear to general education. On 
the one side you have scholars who are on the foundation and 
educated by means of endowments; on the other side, pupils 
who derive no direct benefit from the foundation. Both classes 
of pupils follow the same course of study ; their teachers are the 
same, their rewards are the same. They differ only in the fact 
that the collegers derive aid from the college, while those who 
are not on the foundation pay for the whole of their education. 
I lay great stress on this combination of the two systems of 
education that by endowment and that by payment. Finan- 
cially, it enables us to have salaried teachers of the greatest 
eminence, who will give so much of their time as they devote to 
teaching exclusively to the instruction of pupils at the college. 
But, more than all, a union of different classes in a common and 
elevating pursuit is the best mode of binding in one tie of 


common enthusiasm the different grades of society, varying 
alike in wealth and social influence. Each has much to learn 
from the other, and this learning is best acquired in an institu- 
tion where all meet on common ground, and on a footing of 
artistic equality. A further object, and one most material, is 
sought to be attained by including in our college persons who do 
not intend to make music their profession. To advance music 
as an art in its highest aspects, resort must be had to those who 
possess the best opportunities for general mental culture. The 
most highly educated classes are those who have the greatest 
power of disseminating the influence of art throughout the 
country. They are the sources from which the civilising stream 
proceeds downwards, and penetrates through every channel of 
our complex social life. 

" I will now proceed to explain the details of the scheme for 
which I ask your support, beginning with the foundation, as 
being that branch of the college for which public money will be 
required. The least number of scholars which would be worthy 
to constitute a foundation for the college would be 100. Of 
these, 50 should have their education free and 50 should be 
maintained as well as educated. These scholars will be selected 
by open competition throughout the United Kingdom. A 
system of examination will be organised by which every town 
nay, every village in the kingdom may be afforded a chance 
of participating in the public benefaction. Only let eminent 
ability be found in the village choir, the pupil will be brought 
to London and may, if he do but possess the requisite ability, 
become a Beethoven or a Mendelssohn, and any school of music 
may put forward its best pupil as a candidate for collegiate 
honours. The expense of maintenance and education of pupils 
I estimate at about 80 a year; that of education alone at 
about 40 a year. I should hope also that your liberality will 
grant me means to found at least two fellowships, in order 
that rising musicians, who have acquired distinction at the 
college, may not be tempted on commencing their professional 
career to sacrifice the higher aspirations of their art to the 
necessity of providing immediate means of subsistence. 

" Having settled the number of our foundationers, where are 
we to place them ? In London, I need not say, land is sold by 


the yard, and not by the acre, and a square yard in a good 
locality is often equal in value to a square acre in a remote 
district. Yet, for the health of a young communi'y, we must 
have open space and pure air, and space is particularly neces- 
sary in a music school, for, as the Duke of Edinburgh showed 
in his address at Manchester, pupils in an ordinary school may 
be grouped and classified, but musical pupils require space for 
the performance either of vocal or instrumental music, and the 
individual attention of their masters to an extent quite unknown 
in the education of pupils in other branches of knowledge. 
Again, the locality in which a school is placed must be easy of 
access in order to accommodate the staff of teachers, for, though 
I hope to have a resident staff to a greater extent than has yet 
been tried in any other musical school, yet undoubtedly ex- 
traneous teaching must form a considerable portion of our 
instruction. Now, on the point of site, I am happy to say I 
can give the meeting the most satisfactory assurances without 
making any calls on their liberality. It is due to the foresight 
of my father, the Prince Consort, that at a time when South 
Kensington was comparatively remote from London, the large 
estate held by the Exhibition Commissioners was purchased 
with a view to furnish sites for future public buildings. In 
the few years that have elapsed since that purchase a suburb 
has been converted into a city. The estate lies between two 
stations of the Metropolitan District Eailway, and is skirted on 
the north by one of the most frequented roads in the Metropolis. 
Here already we have a nucleus for the college in the building 
constructed by the great liberality of Mr. Freake, and I am 
enabled to state, as Chairman of the Commission of 1851, that, 
in proportion as the public contributions enable us to construct 
our buildings, in the same proportion will the Commissioners 
be prepared to grant a sufficiency of site on which to erect them. 
The Commissioners have also a considerable portion of the 
Albert Hall under their control, and, by connecting that hall 
with the new college by a tunnel or a bridge, practising rooms, 
sitting-rooms, dining-rooms, and two small theatres will be im- 
mediately at the disposal of the college. The Commissioners 
will also be prepared to assist the college with an annual grant 
of money. To maintain the college with 100 pupils on the 


foundation apart from the expense of buildings an income of 
not less than from 10,000 to 12,000 a year will be required. 
The plan will admit of any degree of development in proportion 
as the munificence of the public or the Government supplies 
the requisite funds. A charter for incorporating the college has 
already been prepared and laid before the Privy Council. I 
have myself undertaken to be President. The governing body 
consist of a council, intrusted with the function of making by- 
laws for the regulation of the college, and of an executive com- 
mittee charged with the details of the administration. The 
names of the gentlemen who form the council and the executive 
committee will be published, and will, I am satisfied, command 
the confidence alike of the public and of the musical world. 

" I have now laid my plan before you. I commend it to your 
favourable consideration. A few words I would fain add to 
prevent any misunderstanding of my intentions. I have not 
brought you here to ask your aid for the support only of a school 
calculated to advance music by giving the best instruction 
continued over a course of years. This might be done by 
strengthening existing schools. I have not brought you here 
for the sole purpose of asking for assistance whereby to educate 
young and deserving musicians. Such an institution is but a 
branch of what I desire to found. My object is above and 
beyond all this. I wish to establish an institution having a 
wider basis and a more extended influence than any existing 
school or college of music in this country. It will teach music 
of the highest class ; it will have a foundation for the education, 
and in some cases for the free maintenance, of scholars who 
have obtained by merit the right to such privileges. But it 
will do more than this. It will be to England what the Berlin 
Conservatoire is to Germany, what the Paris Conservatoire is to 
France, or the Vienna Conservatoire to Austria the recognised 
centre and head of the musical world. Why is it that Germany, 
France, Italy have national styles of music ? Why is it that 
England has no music recognised as national ? It has able 
composers, but nothing indicative of the national life or national 
feeling. The reason is not far to seek. There is no centre of 
music to which English musicians may resort with confidence 
and thence derive instruction, counsel, and inspiration. I hope 


by the breadth of my plan to interest all present in its success. 
You who are musicians must desire to improve your art, and 
such will be the object of the Eoyal College. You who are 
only lovers of music must wish well to a plan which provides 
for all classes of Her Majesty's subjects a pleasure which you 
yourselves enjoy so keenly. To those who are deaf to music, 
as practical men I would say thus much to raise the people, 
you must purify their emotions and cultivate their imagina- 
tions. To satisfy the natural craving for excitement, you must 
substitute an innocent and healthy mode of acting on the 
passions for the fierce thirst for drink and eager pursuit of other 
unworthy objects. Music acts directly on the emotions, and it 
cannot be abused, for no excess in music is injurious. 

" In laying this great national question before you, I have 
followed the example of my father, by offering to place myself 
at the head of a great social movement. I have asked you for 
assistance, I await your answer with confidence. I am sure 
that it will be worthy of the nation of which you are repre- 
sentatives. To you, my Lords-Lieutenant, I would address 
myself with an intimation that I trust you will assemble 
meetings throughout your counties, for it is desirable that 
contributions should be received from all parts of the country 
as showing the interest taken by the people in music. My 
Lord Mayor of London and other Mayors who are here, I am 
sure I may hope that you will assist me by presiding at assem- 
blies of your fellow-townsmen, and will urge them to contribute 
to so national an institution. I may, I doubt not, look with 
confidence to the representatives of the Church and of other 
religious and educational denominations who have been good 
enough to attend here, to remind their choirs and their flocks 
that any contributions will be a grateful testimony that the 
population of England are interested in improving an art which, 
more than others, excites devotional feelings, and inspires with 
enthusiasm public and private worship. From those who are 
directly interested in music, either professionally or as amateurs, 
I trust I have a right to expect the greatest measure of assist- 
ance which they can afford; for on their behalf, and with a 
view to extend the influence of the science to which they are 
devoted, we are met here to-day for the purpose of establishing 


a national central musical institution. I know the loyalty of 
our Colonial brethren ; they will not be behindhand in aiding the 
mother country. From foreign countries I have ever received 
so many tokens of regard and sympathy, that I may look with 
confidence to them to give their support to an institution the 
doors of which will be thrown open to all nations. One prac- 
tical observation in conclusion. I trust that those present here 
to-day will each and every one of them from time to time 
communicate to me the steps they are taking to procure con- 
tributions, and will forward to the honorary secretaries the 
amount of contributions they may receive. For my part, I will 
take care, as soon as I am enabled to form some judgment of 
the extent to which the nation will support this demand, to 
communicate to the contributories and to the public the details 
of the foundation and establishment of the College, of which I 
have only set forth in my address the general outline." 

The first resolution was proposed to the meeting by the Duke of 
Edinburgh, and seconded by the Archbishop of Canterbury. The 
speech of the Duke of Edinburgh was so clear and practical, 
supplementing and confirming that of the Prince of Wales, who 
has always generously attributed to his brother the initiation in 
this great national movement, which, however, eould not have 
been carried out without the personal aid and influence of the 
Prince. He thus concluded : 

" I wish to express my own personal hope that the Eoyal College 
will not be a mere teaching institution, but will become a centre 
for groups of affiliated colleges, the members of which will, with 
the Council of the Koyal College, form a musical senate, to which 
all questions of importance relating to music and musicians may 
be referred for determination. This may perhaps be deemed 
somewhat Utopian, but I do not despair of a time when the 
musical colleges throughout the country will ally themselves with 
the Eoyal College, and form a body united by a common tie and a 
general system. I will go one step further, though I do not 
conceal from myself that I am treading on somewhat delicate 
ground, and possibly trenching on the honoured privileges of the 
Universities ; yet I will express my personal hope that, as London 
is the chief City of the United Kingdom, so the Eoyal College 
should be the chief musical college, invested with the power of 
conferring musical degrees, and the source from which all musical 
honours should legitimately flow. 

" In proposing the first resolution, it only remains, my lords and 
gentlemen, for me to express my hope that the Prince of Wales 
will be supported on the present occasion earnestly and faithfully. 

2 D 


A large sum of money is required for our enterprise. England is 
rich, and ready at all times to forward a worthy national under- 
taking. Why should I say England only, when we are assured of 
the generous support of our Colonial brethren, and when we trust 
that our American cousins will not be behind in furthering the 
foundation of an establishment which may act as a home to their 
musical students on this side of the Atlantic ? The representatives 
of many foreign countries are here also. We look to them in 
many cases as examples in our new enterprise, and I feel sure that 
their kind advice and co-operation will not be wanting when we 
have occasion to seek them. I will now read the resolution 
intrusted to me : 

" ' That this meeting approves of the proposal to establish a 
Royal College of Music as a national institution, and undertakes 
that meetings shall be called throughout the country, and the 
utmost exertions used, individually and collectively, to forward 
the movement by obtaining the necessary funds for founding and 
endowing a College of Music for the British Empire.' " 

The speeches of the Archbishop of Canterbury, of the Earl of 
Rosebery, the Lord Mayor, and of Mr. Gladstone all touched upon 
points illustrating the importance of the movement, and the 
national benefits to be expected from it. 

It is a wonder that no reference in this matter has been made 
to the great German reformer and patriot, Martin Luther, who 
was a strenuous advocate of State education, including music. He 
placed music as next to religion in the training of the young. He 
would have every schoolmaster a lover of music, and capable of 
teaching it. This training of teachers is one of the most important 
functions of the College, and should be steadily kept in mind. 

When the thanks of the meeting had been moved, by Sir Stafford 
Northcote, to the Royal Chairman, and carried with acclamation, 

The Prince of Wales mentioned, in his reply, that " he had 
received a touching letter from some one who had anonymously 
sent 50 for the Eoyal College of Music one whose earliest 
recollection was the singing of the National Anthem on the 
Coronation of the Queen, when as a poor lad he joined in the 
procession of Sunday-school children." 

Many munificent donations and subscriptions were announced, 
-but none more touching and interesting than this. 

( 403 ) 

March 23rd, 1882. 

THE meeting at St. James's Palace on the 28th of February, 1882, 
was followed up by other important, though subsidiary meetings, 
at the instance of the Prince of Wales, who was now fully set on 
the success of his grand scheme. As, formerly, he had been ably 
supported by the speeches of the Duke of Edinburgh, the lamented 
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, and Prince Christian, at influ- 
ential meetings in Manchester, so now he enlisted the Duke of 
Connaught in the cause, who addressed, with great ability and 
tact, a meeting of Merchants, Bankers, and leading men in the 
City, at the Mansion House, on the 20th of March, the Lord Mayor 
in the Chair. 

Not satisfied with this, the Prince of Wales invited a large 
number of influential gentlemen connected with the Colonial 
Empire to meet him at Marlborough House, on Thursday, the 
23rd of March, 1882, to consider what steps could be taken to 
secure the benefits of the Eoyal College of Music for all parts of 
the Empire. The record of the origin of this great institution 
would not be complete without giving the speech of His Eoyal 
Highness on that occasion. The following is the address delivered 
at that meeting : 

" You are, doubtless, aware of the efforts at present being 
made to establish a Eoyal College of Music a work which, 
I venture to think, is one of national importance. 

" It is intended to place the institution on a broad and liberal 
basis ; that its advantages shall not be confined to residents of 
the United Kingdom, but be open to our fellow-subjects in all 
parts of the Empire ; and the gratuitous education of scholars, 
selected by competition on the claim of merit only, will be one 
of its principal features. 

" The scheme has been received with marked favour throughout 
the United Kingdom, but I should consider it wanting in one 
of its main objects if I did not succeed in enlisting the sym- 
pathy and co-operation of our fellow-subjects residing in the 
Colonial portions of the Empire. 

" I have on so many occasions experienced the advantages of 
their ready and earnest concert in promoting schemes of public 
utility in relation to material progress, that I have some confi- 
dence they will exhibit the like friendly rivalry in furthering 

2 D 2 


our efforts in favour of an elevating pursuit, which in all ages 
and among all communities has exercised no slight influence on 
national character, and the promotion of which may constitute 
a bond tending to unite us as strongly in sentiment and feeling 
as we now are in loyalty and material interest. 

" For these reasons I was anxious to meet as many of the 
leading gentlemen connected with the Colonies as might now be 
temporarily in London, as well as those who permanently reside 
here ; and I am gratified at the readiness with which so many 
of you have acceded to my invitation. 

" My object is partly to make it understood how much im- 
portance I attach to the element of Colonial co-operation and 
sympathy, not only as affecting the immediate success of the 
work, but bearing on the higher objects of national unity, by 
inspiring among our fellow-subjects in every part of the Empire 
those emotions of patriotism which national music is calculated 
so powerfully to evoke. 

" I further desired to apprise you of the steps which had been 
and were being taken to carry out this purpose. 

" Immediately after the Meeting at St. James's Palace I 
directed that full reports of the proceedings should be prepared, 
with the view of transmitting them to Lord Kimberley, the 
Secretary of State for the Colonies, to be forwarded by him for 
the information of the Governments of the various Colonies, in 
the hope that the good-will of these Governments might be 
attracted in our favour, and such public encouragement afforded 
as they might feel it becoming to extend. 

" It seemed doubtful, however, whether an official communi- 
cation of this character was calculated to accomplish the full 
object we had in view, viz. to stimulate popular feeling and 
sympathy among our Colonial fellow-subjects. It was thought 
that such an end might be better attained