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Full text of "Speeches of Benjamin Harrison, twenty-third president of the United States; a complete collection of his public addresses from February, 1888, to February, 1892 .."

LIBRARY 

UNIVERSITY OF 



SAN7A CRUZ 



SPEECHES OF BENJAMIN HARRISON 



SPEECHES 



BENJAMIN^HARRISON 

TWENTY-THIRD PRESIDENT OK THE UNITED STATES 



A COMPLETE COLLECTION OF HIS PUBLIC ADDRESSES FROM FERUARY 

l888, TO FEBRUARY, 1892, CHRONOLOGICALLY CLASSIFIED;, 

EMBRACING ALL HIS CAMPAIGN SPEECHES, LETTER 

OF ACCEPTANCE, INAUGURAL ADDRESS, AND THK 

NUMEROUS SPEECHES DELIVERED DURING 

HIS SEVERAL TOURS; ALSO EXTRACTS 

FROM HIS MESSAGES TO 

CONGRESS 



COMPILED BY 

CHARLES HEDGES 



NEW YORK 
UNITED STATES BOOK COMPANY 

SUCCESSORS TO 

JOHN W. LOVELL COMPANY 

142 TO 150 WORTH STREET 



COPYRIGHT, 1892, 

BY 
CHARLKS HEDGES 



E 

66 
HZ 



PREFACE. 



IT is not the purpose of this book to present a few selec- 
tions of oratory, laboriously prepared and polished, or 
occasional flashes of brilliant thought. From such efforts, 
prepared, perhaps, after days of study and repeated revi- 
sion, one can form but an imperfect idea of their author. 
Such a compilation might show the highest conceptions of 
the man, and evidence a wide range of thought and a sur- 
passing grandeur of expression; but it would be but a 
poor mirror of the man himself in his daily life. 

It is due to the people that the largest opportunity be 
given them to observe the character of their public ser- 
vants, to come into closest touch with their daily thoughts, 
and to know them as they are not when prepared for 
special occasions, but day after day and all the time. It 
is with this view that this collection of the speeches of 
President Harrison is offered to the public. It is a series 
of instantaneous photographs that have caught him un- 
awares. The studied pose is wanting, but the pictures are 
true to life. 

There are included the letter of acceptance, the inaug- 
ural address, the letter to the commercial congress, ex- 
tracts from his last annual message to Congress, his patri- 
otic message on the Chilian affair, and a few carefully 
prepared speeches, among them his notable addresses at the 
banquet of the Michigan Club, February 22, 1888, and before 
the Marquette Club at Chicago, March 20, the same year; 
also his celebrated speech at Galveston, in April last. All 



4 PREFACE. 

and concise, forcible, and elegant expression. With these 
exceptions, the speeches presented were delivered during 
the presidential campaign of 1888, often four or five in a 
day, to visiting delegations of citizens, representing every 
occupation and interest, and during his tours of 1890 and 
1891, when he often spoke eight or ten times a day from 
the platform of his car. 

If these speeches contained no other merit, they would 
be remarkable in the fact that, while delivered during 
the excitement of a political campaign and in the hurry 
of wayside pauses in a journey by railroad, the}' contain 
not one carelessly spoken word that can detract from their 
dignity, or, by any possible distortion of language, be 
turned against their author by his political opponents. 
With no opportunity for elaborately studied phrases, he 
did not utter a word that could be sneered at as weak or 
commonplace. This fact is all the more noteworthy when 
we recall the dismal failures that have been made by 
others under like circumstances. 

A spirit of exalted patriotism and broad statesmanship 
is apparent in every line; and notwithstanding the ma- 
lignity of the partisan assaults that were made -upon him, 
no words of bitterness only terms of generous tolerance 
characterize his allusions to his political opponents. 

With a single notable exception, no thought of same- 
ness or repetition is ever suggested. That exception was 
the central thought and vital principle that was at stake 
in the campaign. One marvels at his versatility in adapt- 
ing himself to every occasion, whether he was addressing 
a delegation of miners, of comrades in war, or of children 
from the public schools ; we admire the lofty thoughts and 
the delicious humor ; but while he might soften in tender, 
playful greeting of children, or live again with his com- 
rades the old life of tent and field, he never for one mo- 
ment forgot the great principle whose banner he had been 
chosen to uphold. Protection of American industrv was 



PREFACE. 5 

always his foremost thought and how well he presented 
it! What an example to the politician who seeks by 
evasion or silence to avoid the questions at issue ! 

The book is therefore presented with the gratifying be- 
lief that a valuable service has been rendered in collect- 
ing these speeches and putting them in an enduring form, 
not only because they give the American people the most 
lifelike mental portrait of their Chief Magistrate, but be- 
cause they are a valuable contribution to American liter- 
ature. 

In order to the best understanding and appreciation of 
an address, it is often necessary to know the circumstances 
in which it was delivered. Especially is this true when 
the address was made, as many of these were, to some 
particular organization or class of citizens or at the cele- 
bration of some important event. For this reason, as well 
as for their important historical value, an account is given 
of the occasion of each speech, including, as far as they 
could be learned, the names of the more distinguished per- 
sons who were present and took part in the exercises. 

C.H. 

WASHINGTON, D. C., February 20, 1892. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 



BENJAMIN HARRISON, twenty-third President of the United 
States, was born Tuesday, August 20, 1833, at North Bend, 
Hamilton County, Ohio. He is the second son of the late John 
Scott and Elizabeth Irwin Harrison. 

His father the third son of President William Henry Harrison 
and Anna Symmes was born at Vincennes, Indiana, was twice 
elected to Congress as a Democrat, from the Cincinnati district, 
and died in 1878. 

General William Henry Harrison, ninth President of the United 
States, was the third son of a famous signer of the Declaration of 
Independence Benjamin Harrison, of Virginia, and his wife Eliz- 
abeth Bassett. This Benjamin Harrison, " the signer, " was one of 
the first seven delegates from Virginia to the Continental Congress. 
He reported the resolution for independence, was Speaker of the 
House of Burgesses, and was thrice elected Governor of Virginia, 
dying in 1791 ; he was the eldest son of Benjamin and Anna Carter 
Harrison, both of whom were descended from ancestors distin- 
guished for their high character and their services to the colony 
of Virginia. 

Ben Harrison's boyhood was passed upon his father's farm in 
Ohio. At the age of 14, with his elder brother Irwin, he attended 
Farmer's College at Cincinnati, preparatory to entering Miami Uni- 
versity at Oxford, Ohio, from which institution he graduated in 
1852. 

He studied law in the office of Judge Belamy Storer at Cincin- 
nati, and in March, 1854 with his bride, Miss Caroline W. Scott, 
to whom he was wedded October 20, 1853 he located at Indian- 
apolis and began the practice of the law. 

In 1860 he was elected reporter of the decisions of the Supreme 
Court of Indiana, as a Republican, receiving 9,688 majority. 

In July, 1862, he was commissioned by Gov. Oliver P. Morton 
as second lieutenant, and raised Company A of the Seventieth 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry, was commissioned captain, and on the 
organization of the regiment was commissioned colonel. In Au- 
gust his regiment entered the field and became a part of the 1st 
Brigade of the 1st Division of the 20th Army Corps, Gen. W. T. 
Ward, of Kentucky, brigade commander. At the battle of Resaca, 
Sunday, May 15, 1864, the Seventieth Regiment led the brigade in 
a gallant charge, and its colonel signally distinguished himself, 
being among the first to scale the bloody parapet. He actively 
participated in the engagements at Cassville, New Hope Church, 
Gilgal Church, Kulps Hill, and Kenesaw. Following that great 



8 BIOGRAPHICAL. 

captain in the Atlanta campaign, initiatory to his famous march 
to the sea, Colonel Harrison at the battle of Peach Tree Creek, July 20, 
1864, in the crisis of the fight, without awaiting orders, seized an 
important position and successfully resisted, at great loss, the ter- 
rific assaults of a large detachment of Hood's army. For this 
brilliant achievement, upon the recommendation of Major-General 
Joe Hooker, he was brevetted in March, 1865, by President Lin- 
coln, a brigadier- general, to date from January 23, 1865. 

In October, 1864, while at the front, he was re-elected, by 19,713 
majority, reporter of the Supreme Court, which office he had lost 
by accepting a commission in the army. After four years as re- 
porter he resumed his law practice, forming a partnership with 
Albert G. Porter and W. P. Fishback. About 1870 Mr. Fishback re- 
tired, and the firm became Porter, Harrison & Hines ; upon Gov- 
ernor Porter's retirement W. H. H. Miller took his place, and in 
1883 Mr. Hines retired, and, John B. Elam coming in, the firm be- 
came Harrison, Miller & Elam. 

In 1876 Hon. Godlove S. Ortli was nominated as Republican can- 
didate for Governor of Indiana, but pending the canvass he unex- 
pectedly withdrew. In this emergency, during General Harrison's 
absence on a trip to Lake Superior, the Central Committee substi- 
tuted his name at the head of the ticket. Undertaking the can- 
vass despite adverse conditions, he was defeated by Hon. James D. 
Williams -""Blue Jeans" by a plurality of 5,084 votes. 

In 1878 he was chosen chairman of the Republican State Con- 
vention. 

In 1879 he was appointed by President Hayes a member of the 
Mississippi River Commission. 

In 1880 he was chairman of the delegation from Indiana to the 
National Convention, and with his colleagues cast 34 consecutive 
ballots for James G. Elaine in that historic contest. 

President Garfield tendered him any position but one in his 
Cabinet, but the high honor was declined. 

In January, 1881, he was elected United States Senator the 
unanimous choice of his party to succeed Joseph E. McDonald, 
and served six years to March 3, 1887. 

In 1884 he again represented his State as delegate at large to the 
National Convention. 

January, 1887, he was a second time the unanimous choice of 
his party for United States Senator, but after a protracted and ex- 
citing contest was defeated on the sixteenth joint ballot, upon 
party lines, by 2 majority. 

June 25, 1888, he was nominated at Chicago by the Republican 
National Conventon for President, on the eighth ballot, receiving 
544 votes against 118 for John Sherman, 100 for Russell A. Alger, 
and 59 for Walter Q. Gresham. He was chosen President by 233 
electoral votes against 168 for Grover Cleveland. The popular vote 
resulted: 5.536,242 (48.63 per cent.) for the Democratic ticket, 
5,440,708 (47.83 per cent.) for the Republican ticket, 246,876 (2.16 
per cent.) for the Prohibition, 146,836 (1.27 per cent.) for the 
Union Labor, and 7,777 (0.11 per cent.) scattering. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



DETROIT, FEBRUARY 22, 1888. 
Michigan Club Banquet. 

THE Michigan Club, the largest and most influential 
political organization in the State, held its third annual 
banquet at the Detroit Rink on Washington's Birthday, 
1838. 

The officers of the club were : President ', Clarence A. 
Black; Vice- President, William H. Elliott; Secretary ', 
Fred. E. Farnsworth ; Treasurer, Frederick Woolfenden. 

Senator Thomas W. Palmer was president of the even- 
ing; the vice-presidents were: Hons. F. B. Stockbridge, 

C. G. Luce, J. H. Macdonald, Austin Blair, H. P. Bald- 
win, David H. Jerome, R. A. Alger, O. D. Conger, Chas. 

D. Long, E. P. Allen, James CVDonnell, J. C. Burrows, 
M. S. Brewer, S. M. Cutcheon, Henry W. Seymour, Benj. 
F. Graves, Isaac Marston, Edward S. Lacy, John T. Rich, 
O. L. Spaulding, Geo. W. Webber, Geo. Willard, E. W. 
Keightley, R. G. Horr, E. O. Grosvenor, James Bimey, 
C. E. Ellsworth, D. P. Markey. 

The distinguished guests and speakers of the evening 
from other States were : General Benjamin Harrison, Ind. ; 
General Joseph R. Hawley, Conn. ; "Hon. William Mc- 
Kinley, Jr., Ohio; Hon. Joseph G. Cannon, Hon. John 
F. Finerty, and General Green B. Raum, 111. ; Hon. L. 

E. McComas, Md. ; and Hon. James P. Foster, N. Y. 
General Harrison responded to the sentiment, " Wash- 
ington, the republican. The guarantee of the Constitu- 



10 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

tion that the State shall have a republican form of gov- 
ernment is only executed when the majority in the States 
are allowed to vote and have their ballots counted." 

His speech attracted widespread attention at the time, 
and is considered one of his greatest. One expression 
therein viz. : " I am a dead statesman, but a living and 
rejuvenated Republican" went broadcast over the land 
and became one of the keynotes of the campaign. 

Senator Harrison made the first reference of the even- 
ing to the name of "Chandler." It was talismanic; 
instantly a great wave of applause swept over the banquet- 
hall, and thenceforth the speaker carried his hearers 
with him. 

The Senator spoke as follows : 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Michigan Club I feel that I 
am at some disadvantage here to-night by reason of the fact that I 
did not approach Detroit from the direction of Washington city. 
I am a dead statesman ["No ! No !"] ; but I am a living and rejuve- 
nated Republican. I have the pleasure to-night, for the first time 
in my life, of addressing an audience of Michigan Republicans. 
Your invitations in the past have been frequent and urgent, but I 
have always felt that you knew how to do your own work, that 
we could trust the stalwart Republicans of this magnificent State 
to hold this key of the lakes against all comers. I am not here 
to-night in the expectation that I shall be able to help you by any 
suggestion, or even to kindle into greater earnestness that zeal and 
interest in Republican principles which your presence hereto-night 
so well attests. I am here rather to be helped myself, to bathe 
my soul in this high atmosphere of patriotism and pure Republi- 
canism [applause] by spending a little season in the presence of 
those who loved and honored and followed the Cromwell of the 
Republican party, Zachariah Chandler. [Tremendous applause. ] 

The sentiment which has been assigned me to-night "Washing- 
ton, the republican ; a free and equal ballot the only guarantee of 
the Nation's security and perpetuity" is one that was supported 
with a boldness of utterance, with a defiance that was unexcelled 
by any leader, by Zachariah Chandler always and everywhere. 
[Applause. ] As Republicans we are fortunate, as has been sug- 
gested, in the fact that there is nothing in the history of our 
party, nothing in the principles that we advocate, to make it im- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 11 

possible for us to gather and to celebrate the birthday of any 
American who honored or defended his country. [Cheers. ] We 
could even unite with our Democratic friends in celebrating the 
birthday of St. Jackson, because we enter into fellowship with him 
when we read his story of how by proclamation he put down 
nullification in South Carolina. [Applause.] We could meet with 
them to celebrate the birthday of Thomas Jefferson ; because there 
is no note in the immortal Declaration or in the Constitution of 
our country that is out of harmony with Republicanism. [Cheers. ] 
But our Democratic friends are under limitation. They have a 
short calendar of sense, and they must omit from the history of 
those whose names are on their calendar the best achievements of 
their lives. I do not know what the party is preserved for. Its 
history reminds me of the boulder in the stream of progress, imped- 
ing and resisting its onward flow and moving only by the force 
that it resists. 

I want to read a very brief extract from a most notable paper 
one that was to-day in the Senate at Washington read from the 
desk by its presiding officer the "Farewell Address of Wash- 
ington ; " and while it is true that I cannot quote or find in the 
writings of Washington anything specifically referring to ballot- 
box fraud, to tissue ballots, to intimidation, to forged tally-sheets 
[cheers], for the reason that these things had not come in his day 
to disturb the administration of the Government, yet in the com- 
prehensiveness of the words he uttered, like the comprehensive 
declarations of the Holy Book, we may find admonition and guid- 
ance, and even with reference to a condition of things that his pure 
mind could have never contemplated. Washington said : "Liberty 
is indeed little less than a name where the Government is too 
feeble to withstand the enterprises of factions, to confine each 
member of society within the limits prescribed by the law, and to 
maintain all in the secure and tranquil enjoyment of the rights of 
persons and property. " If I had read that to a Democratic meeting 
they would have suspected that it was an extract from some Re- 
publican speech. [Laughter. ] My countrymen, this Government is 
that which I love to think of as my country ; for not acres, or 
railroads, or farm products, or bulk meats, or Wall Street, or all 
combined, are the country that I love. It is the institution, the 
form of government, the frame of civil society, for which that flag 
stands, and which we love to-day. [Applause.] It is what Mr. 
Lincoln so tersely, yet so felicitously, described as a government 
of the people, by the people, and for the people ; a government of 
the people, because they instituted it the Constitution reads, 



12 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

"We, the people, have ordained;" by the people, because it is 
in all its departments administered by them ; for the people, be- 
cause it states as its object of supreme attainment the happiness, 
security and peace of the people that dwell under it. [Applause. ] 

The bottom principle sometimes it is called a corner-stone, 
sometimes the foundation of our structure of government is the 
principle of control by the majority It is more than the corner- 
stone or foundation This structure is a monolith, one from founda- 
tion to apex, and that monolith stands for and is this principle 
of government by majorities, legally ascertained by constitutional 
methods. Everything else about our government is appendage, it 
is ornamentation. This is the monolithic column that was reared, 
by Washington and his associates For this the War of the Revolu- 
tion was fought , for this and its more perfect security the Consti - 
tution was formed ; for this the War of the Rebellion was fought ; 
and when this principle perishes the structure which Washington 
and his compatriots reared is dishonored in the dust. The equal- 
ity of the ballot demands that our apportionments in the States for 
legislative and congressional purposes shall be so adjusted, that 
there shall be equality in the influence and the power of every 
elector, so that it shall not be true anywhere thai) one man counts 
two or one and a half and some other man counts only one half. 

But some one says that is fundamental. All men accept this 
truth. Not quite. My countrymen, we are confronted by this 
condition of things in America to-day ; a government by the 
majority, expressed by an equal and a free ballot, is not only 
threatened, but it has been overturned. Why is it to-day that 
we have legislation threatening the industries of this country? 
Why is it that the paralyzing shadow of free trade falls upon the 
manufactures and upon the homes of our laboring classes? It is 
because the laboring vote in the Southern States is suppressed. 
There would be no question about the security of these principles 
so long established by law, so eloquently set forth by my friend 
from Connecticut, but for the fact that the workingmen o the 
South have been deprived of their influence in choosing representa- 
tives at Washington. 

But some timid soul is alarmed at the suggestion. He says we 
are endeavoring to rake over the coals of an extinct strife, to see if 
we may not find some ember in which there is yet sufficient vitality 
to rekindle the strife Some man says you are actuated by 
unfriendly feelings toward the South, you want to fight the war 
over again, you are flaunting the bloody shirt. My countrymen, 
those epithets and that talk never have any terrors for me. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 13 

[Applause.] I do not want to fight the war over again, and I am 
sure no Northern soldier and there must be many here of those 
gallant Michigan regiments, some of which I had the pleasure 
during the war of seeing in action not one of these that wishes to 
renew that strife cr fight the war over again. Not one of this 
great assemblage of Republicans who listen to me to-night wishes 
ill to the South. If it were left to us here to-night the streams of 
her prosperity would be full. We would gladly hear of her reviving 
and stimulated industry. We gladly hear of increasing wealth in 
those States of the South. We wish them to share in the onward 
and upward movement of a great people. It is not a question of 
the war, it is not a question of the States between '61 and '65, at 
all, that I am talking about to-night. It is what they have been 
since '60. It is what they did in '84, when a President was to be 
chosen for this country. 

Our controversy is not one of the past ; it is of the present. It 
has relation to that which will be done next November, when our 
people are again called to choose a President. What is it we ask? 
Simply that the South live up to the terms of the surrender at 
Appomattox. When that great chieftain received the surrender of 
the army of Northern Virginia, when those who had for four years 
confronted us in battle stacked arms in total surrender, the terms 
were simply these . " You shall go to your homes and shall be there 
unmolested so long as you obey the laws in force where you reside. " 
That is the sum of our demand. We ask nothing more of the 
South to-night than that they shall cease to use this recovered 
citizenship which they had forfeited by rebellion to oppress and 
disfranchise those who equally with themselves under the Constitu- 
tion are entitled to vote that and nothing more. 

I do not need to enter into details. The truth to-day is that the 
colored Republican vote of the South, and with it and by conse- 
quence the white Republican vote of the South, is deprived of all 
effective influence in the administration of this Government The 
additional power given by the colored population of the South in 
the Electoral College and in Congress was more than enough to 
turn the last election for President, and more than enough to 
reverse yes, largely more than reverse the present Democratic 
majority of the House of Representatives. Have we not the spirit 
to insist that everywhere north and south in this country of ours 
no man shall be deprived of his ballot by reason of his politics? 
There is not in all this land a place where any rebel soldier is sub- 
ject to any restraint or is denied the fullest exercise of the elective 
franchise. Shall we not insist that what is true of those who 



14 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

fought to destroy the country shall be true of every man who 
fought for it, or loved it, like the black man of the South did 
[applause] that to belong to Abraham Lincoln's party shall be 
respectable and reputable everywhere in America? [Cheers.] 

But this is not simply a Southern question. It has come to be a 
national question, for not only is the Republican vote suppressed 
in the South, but I ask you to turn your eyes to as fair and pros- 
perous a territory as ever sat at the door of the Federal Union 
asking admission to the sisterhood of the States. See yonder in 
the northwest Dakota, the child of all these States, with 500,000 
loyal, intelligent, law-abiding, prosperous American citizens 
robbed to-day of all participation in the affairs of this Nation. 
The hospitable door which has always opened to territories seek- 
ing admission is insolently closed in her face and why? Simply 
because the predominating sentiment in the Territory of Dakota is 
Republican that and nothing more. And that is not all. This 
question of a free, honest ballot has crossed the Ohio River. The 
overspill of these Southern frauds has reached Ohio and Indiana 
and Illinois, indicating to my mind a national conspiracy, having 
its centre and most potent influence in the Southern States, but 
reaching out into Ohio, Indiana and Illinois in its attempt by 
frauds upon the ballot-box to possess the Senate of the United 
States. Go down to Cincinnati in a recent election and look at 
the election returns, shamelessly, scandalously manipulated to 
return members to the Senate and House of Ohio, in order that 
that grand champion of Republican principles, John Sherman, 
might be defeated. Go yonder with me to Chicago and look into 
those frauds upon the ballot devised, executed in furtherance of 
the same iniquitous scheme, intended to defeat the re-election of 
that gallant soldier, that fearless defender of Republican principles, 
John A. Logan of Illinois. [Great cheering.] 

And these people have even invaded Indiana. At the last election 
in my own State, first by gerrymander, they disturbed and utterly 
destroyed the equality of suffrage in that State ; it was so framed 
as to give the Democratic party a majority of 50 on joint ballot ; 
and Indiana gave a Republican majority on members of the 
Legislature of 10, 000, and yet they claim to hold the Legislature. 
And that is not all. Then, when gerrymander had failed, they 
introduced the eraser to help it out [laughter] ; scratched our tally- 
sheets, shamelessly transferred ballots from Republican to Demo- 
cratic candidates. How are we going to deal with these fellows? 
What is the remedy? As to the Southern aspect of this question, 
I have first to suggest that it is in the power of the free people of 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 15 

the North, those who love the Constitution and a free and equal 
ballot, those who, while claiming this high privilege for them- 
selves, will deny it to no other man, to welcome a President who 
shall not come into office, into the enjoyment of the usufruct of 
these crimes, against the ballot [applause] ; that will be great gain. 
And then we should aim to place in the Southern States, in every 
office exercising federal authority, men whose local influence will 
be against these frauds, instead of such men as the district attorney 
appointed by Mr. Cleveland, who in this recent outrage upon the 
ballot in Jackson, Miss. , was found among the most active con- 
spirators, when, by public resolution of a Democratic committee, 
Republicans of that city were warned away from the polls. Then 
again we shall keep ourselves free from all partisanship if we 
lift our voice steadily and constantly in protest against these 
offences. 

There is vast power in a protest. Public opinion is the most 
potent monarch this world knows to-day. Czars tremble in its 
presence ; and we may bring to bear upon this question a public 
sentiment, by bold and fearless denunciation of it, that will do a 
great deal towards correcting it. Why, my countrymen, we meet 
now and then with these Irish -Americans and lift our voices in 
denunciations of the wrongs which England is perpetrating upon 
Ireland. [Applause.] We do not elect any Members of Parlia- 
ment, but the voice of free America protesting against these cent- 
uries of wrongs has had a most potent influence in creating, stim- 
ulating and sustaining the liberal policy of William E. Gladstone 
and his associates. [Great applause.] Cannot we do as much for 
oppressed Americans? Can we not make our appeal to these Irish- 
American citizens who appeal to us in behalf of their oppressed 
fellow-countrymen to rally with us in this crusade against election 
frauds and intimidation in the country that they have made their 
own? [Applause.] 

There may be legislative remedies in sight when we can once 
again possess both branches of the national Congress and have an 
executive at Washington who has not been created by these crimes 
against the ballot. [Applause.] Whatever they are, we will seek 
them out and put them into force not in a spirit of enmity 
against the men who fought against us forgetting the war, but 
only insisting that now, nearly a quarter of a century after it is 
over, a free ballot shall not be denied to Republicans in these 
States where rebels have been rehabilitated with a full citizenship. 
[Applause.] Every question waits the settlement of this. The 
tariff question would be settled already if the 1,000,000 of black 



16 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

laborers in the South had their due representation in the House of 
Representatives. 

And my soldier friends, interested that liberal provisions should 
be made for the care of the disabled soldier are they willing that 
this question should be settled without the presence in the House of 
Representatives of the power and influence of those faithful black 
men in the South who were always their friends? [Applause.] 
The dependent pension bill would pass over the President's veto 
if these black friends of the Union soldier had their fair represen- 
tation in Congress. [Applause.] It is the dominant question at 
the foundation of our Government, in its dominating influence 
embracing all others, because it involves the question of a free and 
fair tribunal to which every question shall be submitted for 
arbitrament and final determination. Therefore, I would here, as 
we shall in Indiana, lift up our protest against these wrongs which 
are committed in the name of democracy , lift high our demand, 
and utter it with resolution, that it shall no longer be true that any- 
where in this country men are disfranchised for opinion's sake. 

I believe there are indications that this power is taking hold of 
the North. Self-respect calls upon us. Does some devotee at the 
shrine of Mammon say it will disturb the public pulse? Do we 
hear from New York and her markets of trade that it is a disturb- 
ing question and we must not broach it? I beg our friends, and 
those who thus speak, to- recollect that there is no peace, that there 
can be no security for commerce, no security for the perpetuation 
of our Government, except by the establishment of justice the 
country over. [Great applause.] 



CHICAGO, MARCH 20, 1888. 
Marquette Club Banquet. 

ON the evening of March 20, 1888, General Harrison 
was the honored guest of the Marquette Club of Chi- 
cago one of the leading social and political organizations 
of that great city at their second annual banquet, given 
at the Grand Pacific Hotel. 

The officers of the club for that year were : George V. 
Lauman, President; William H. Johnson, First Vice- 
President; Hubert D. Crocker, Second Vice- President; 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 17 

Charles U. Gordon, Secretary; Will Sheldon Gilbert, 
Treasurer. 

The Banquet Committee and Committee of Reception for 
the occasion comprised the following prominent members : 
James S. Moore, Frederick G. Laird, LeRoy T. Steward, 
Wm. H. Johnson, James E. Rogers, F. W. C. Hayes, 
Henry T. Smith, Harry J. Jones, Chas. S. Norton, Irving 
L. Gould, T. A. Broadbent, Jas. Rood, Jr., Wm. A. 
Paulsen, T. M. Garrett, Geo. W. Keehn, Harry P. Fin- 
ney, C. B. Niblock, Wm. A. Lamson, S. E. Magill, 
R. D. Wardwell, Fred. G. McNally. 

President Lauman was toastmaster, and opened the ban- 
quet with an address of welcome to Senator Harrison. 

The other speakers of the evening were Edward J. Judd, 
Theodore Brentano, Hon. Thomas C. MacMillan, Hon. 
John S. Runnells, Newton Wyeth, Mayor Roche and Presi- 
dent Tracy of the State League of Republican Clubs. 

Amid hearty applause General Harrison rose to respond 
to the toast, "The Republican Party." He spoke as fol- 
lows: 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Marqnette CM) I am under 
an obligation that I shall not soon forget in having been permitted 
by your courtesy to sit at your table to night and to listen to the 
eloquent words which have fallen from the lips of those speakers 
who have preceded me. I count it a privilege to spend an evening 
with so many young Republicans. There seems to be a fitness in 
the association of young men with the Republican party. The 
Republican party is a young party. I have not yet begun to call 
myself an old man, and yet there is no older Republican in the 
United States than I am. My first presidential vote was given for 
the first presidential candidate of the Republican party, and I have 
supported with enthusiasm every successor of Fremont, including 
that matchless statesman who claimed our suffrages in 1884. We 
cannot match ages with the Democratic party any more than that 
party can match achievements with us. It has lived longer, but to 
less purpose. " Moss -backed" cannot be predicated of a Republican. 
Our Democratic friends have a monopoly of that distinction, and 
it is one of the few distinguished monopolies that they enjoy ; and 
yet when I hear a Democrat boasting himself of the age of his 



18 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

party I feel like reminding him that there are other organized evils 
in the world, older than the Democratic party. "The Republican 
party, " the toast which you have assigned to me to-night, seems 
to have a past, a present and a future tense to it. It suggests 
history, and yet history so recent that it is to many here to-night 
a story of current events in which they have been participants. 
The Republican party the influences which called it together were 
eclectic in their character. The men who formed it and organ- 
ized it were picked men. The first assembly that sounded in its 
camp was a call to sacrifice, and not to spoils. It assembled about 
an altar to sacrifice, and in a temple beset with enemies. It is 
the only political party organized in America that has its " Book 
of Martyrs. " On the bloody fields of Kansas, Republicans died for 
their creed, and since then we have put in that book the sacred 
memory of our immortal leader who has been mentioned here to- 
night Abraham Lincoln who died for his faith and devotion to 
the principles of human liberty and constitutional union. And 
there have followed it a great army of men who have died by reason 
of the fact that they adhered to the political creed that we loved. 
It is the only party in this land which in the past has been pro- 
scribed and persecuted to death for its allegiance to the principles 
of human liberty. After Lincoln had triumphed in that great 
forum of debate in his contest with Douglas, the Republican party 
carried that debate from the hustings to the battle-field and forever 
established the doctrine that human liberty is of natural right 
and universal. It clinched the matchless logic of Webster in his 
celebrated debate against the right of secession by a demonstration 
of its inability. 

No party ever entered upon its administration of the affairs of 
this Nation under circumstances so beset with danger and diffi- 
culty as those which surrounded the Republican party when it took 
up the reins of executive control. In all other political contests 
those who had resisted the victorious party yielded acquiescence 
at the polls, but the Republican party in its success was confronted 
by armed resistance to national authority. The first acts of Re- 
publican administration were to assemble armies to maintain the 
authority of the Nation throughout the rebellious States. It organ- 
ized armies, it fed them, and it fought them through those years 
of war with an undying and persistent faith that refused to be 
appalled by any dangers or discouraged by any difficulties. In the 
darkest days of the rebellion the Republican party by faith saw 
Appomattox through the smoke of Bull Run, and Raleigh through 
the mists of Chiekamaiiga ; and not only did it conduct this great 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 19 

civil war to a victorious end, not only did it restore the national 
authority and set up the flag on all those places where it had been 
overthrown and that flag torn down, but it in the act and as an 
incident in the restoration of national authority accomplished that 
act which, if no other had been recorded in its history, would have 
given it immortality. The emancipation of a race, brought about 
as an incident of war under the proclamation of the first Repub- 
lican President, has forever immortalized the party that accom- 
plished it. 

But not only were these dangers and difficulties and besetments 
and discouragements of this long strife at home, but there was 
also a call for the highest statesmanship in dealing with the foreign 
affairs of the Government during that period of war. England and 
France not only gave to the Confederacy belligerent rights, but 
threatened to extend recognition, and even armed intervention. 
There was scarcely a, higher achievement in the long history of 
brilliant statesmanship which stands to the credit of our party than 
the matchless management of our diplomatic relations during the 
period of our war ; dignified, yet reserved, masterful, yet patient. 
Those enemies of republican liberty were held at bay until we had 
accomplished perpetual peace at Appomattox. That grasping 
avarice which has attempted to coin commercial advantages out of 
the distress of other nations which has so often characterized 
English diplomacy naturally made the Government of England 
the ally of the Confederacy, that had prohibited protective duties 
in its constitution, and yet Geneva followed Appomattox. A trinity 
of effort was - necessary to that consummation war, finance and 
diplomacy ; Grant, Chase, Seward, and Lincoln over all, and each 
a victor in his own sphere. When 500, 000 veterans found themselves 
without any pressing engagement, and Phil Sheridan sauntered 
down towards the borders of Mexico, French evacuation was ex- 
pedited, and when Gen. Grant advised the English Government that 
our claims for the depredations committed by those rebel cruisers 
that were sent out from British ports to prey upon our commerce 
must be paid, but that we were not in a hurry about it we could 
wait, but in the mean time interest would accumulate the Geneva 
arbitration was accepted and compensation made for these un- 
friendly invasions of our rights. It became fashionable again at 
the tables of the English nobility to speak of our common ancestry 
and our common tongue. Then a,gain France began to remind us 
of La Fayette and De Grasse. Five hundred thousand veteran troops 
and an unemployed navy did more for us than a common tongue 
and ancient friendships would do in the time of our distress. And 



20 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

we must not forget that it is often easier to assemble armies than 
it is to assemble army revenues. Though no financial secretary 
ever had laid upon him a heavier burden than was placed upon 
Salmon P. Chase to provide the enormous expenditures which the 
maintenance of our army required, this ceaseless, daily, gigantic 
drain upon the National Treasury called for the highest statesman- 
ship. 

And it was found, and our credit was not only maintained through 
the war, but the debt that was accumulated, which our Democratic 
friends said could never be paid, we at once began to discharge when 
the army was disbanded. 

And so it is that in this timely effort consisting first in this 
appeal to the courage and patriotism of the people of this country 
that responded to the call of Lincoln and filled our armies with 
brave men that, under the leadership of Grant and Sherman and 
Thomas, suppressed the rebellion, and under the wise, magnificent 
system of our revenue enabled us to defray our expenses, and under 
the sagacious administration of our State Department held Europe 
at bay while we were attending to the business at home. In these 
departments of administration the Republican party has shown 
itself conspicuously able to deal with the greatest questions that 
have ever been presented to American statesmanship for solution. 
We must not forget that in dealing with these questions we were 
met continually by the protest and opposition of the Democratic 
party. The war against the States was unconstitutional. There 
was no right to coerce sovereign States. The war was a failure, 
and a dishonorable peace was demanded. The legal tenders were 
illegal. The constitutional amendments were void. And so through 
this who ] e brilliant history of achievement in this administration 
we were followed by the Democratic statesman protesting against 
every step and throwing every impediment in the way of National 
success until it seemed to be true of many of their leaders that in 
their estimation nothing was lawful, nothing was lovely, that did 
not conduce to the success of the rebellion. 

Now, what conclusion shall we draw? Is there anything in this 
story, so briefly and imperfectly told, to suggest any conclusion as 
to the inadequacy or incompetency of the Republican party to deal 
with any question that is now presented for solution or that we 
may meet in the progress of this people's history? Why, country- 
men, these problems in government were new. We took the ship 
of state when there was treachery at the helm, when there was 
mutiny on the deck, when the ship was among the rocks, and we 
put loyalty at the helm ; we brought the deck into order and sub- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 21 

jection. We have brought the ship into the wide and open sea of 
prosperity, and is it to be suggested that the party that has accom- 
plished these magnificent achievements cannot sail and manage the 
good ship in the frequented roadways of ordinary commerce? 
What is there now before us that presents itself for solution? 

What questions are we to grapple with? What unfinished work 
remains to be done? It seems to me that the work that is unfin- 
ished is to make that constitutional grant of citizenship, the 
franchise to the colored men of the South, a practical and living 
reality. The condition of things is such in this country a govern- 
ment by constitutional majority that whenever the people become 
convinced that an administration or a law does not represent the 
will of the majority of our qualified electors, then that administra- 
tion ceases to challenge the respect of our people and that law 
ceases to command their willing obedience. This is a republican 
government, a government by majority, the majorities to be 
ascertained by a fair count and eac\i elector expressing his will at 
the ballot-box. I know of no reason why any law should bind my 
conscience that does not have this sanction behind it. I know of 
no reason why I should yield respect to any executive officer whose 
title is not based upon a majority vote of the qualified electors of 
this country. What is the condition of things in the Southern 
States to-day? 

The Republican vote is absolutely suppressed. Elections in many 
of those States have become a farce. In the last congressional 
election in the State of Alabama there were several congressional 
districts where the entire vote for members of Congress did not 
reach 2, 000 ; whereas in most of the districts of the North the vote 
cast at our congressional elections goes from 80, 000 to 50, 000. I had 
occasion to say a day or two ago that in a single congressional 
district in the State of Nebraska there were more votes cast to 
elect one Congressman than were cast in the State of Alabama at the 
same election to elect their whole delegation. Out of what does 
this come ? The suppression of the Republican vote ; the understand- 
ing among our Democratic friends that it is not necessary that 
they should vote because their opponents are not allowed to vote. 
But some one will suggest : "Is there a remedy for this?" I do not 
know, my fellow-citizens, how far there is a legal remedy under 
our Constitution, but it does not seem to me to be an adequate 
answer. It does not seem to me to be conclusive against the agita- 
tion of the question even if we should be compelled to respond to 
the arrogant question that is asked us : " What are you going to 
do about it?" Even if we should be compelled to answer; "We 



22 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

can do nothing but protest," is it not worth while here, and in 
relation to this American question, that we should at least lift up 
our protest ; that we should at least denounce the wrong ; that we 
should at least deprive the perpetrators of it of "what we used to 
call the usufructs of the crime? If you cannot prevent a burglar 
from breaking into your house you will do a great deal towards 
discouraging burglary if you prevent him from carrying off any- 
thing, and so it seems to me that if we can, upon this question, 
arouse the indignant protest of the North, and unite our efforts in 
a determination that those who perpetrate these wrongs against 
popular suffrage shall not by means of those wrongs seat a President 
in Washington to secure the Federal patronage in a State, we shall 
have done much to bring this wrong to an end. But at least while 
we are protesting by representatives from our State Department at 
Washington against wrongs perpetrated in Russia against the Jew-, 
and in our popular assemblies here against the wrongs which 
England has inflicted upon Ireland, shall we not at least in reference 
to this gigantic and intolerable wrong in our own country, as a 
party, lift up a stalwart and determined protest against it? 

But. some of these independent journalists, about which our 
friend MacMillan talked, call this the "bloody shirt." They say 
we are trying to revive the strife of the war, to rake over the ex- 
tinct embers, to kindle the fire again. I want it understood that 
for one I have no quarrel with the South for what took place 
between 1861 and 1865. I am willing to forget that they were 
rebels, at least as soon as they are willing to forget it themselves, 
and that time does not seem to have come yet to them. But our 
complaint is against what was done in 1884, not against what was 
done during the war. Our complaint is against what will be done 
this year, not what w^as done between 1861 and 1865. No bloody 
shirt though that cry never had any terrors for me. I believe we 
greatly underestimate the importance of bringing the issue to the 
front, and with that oft-time Republican courage and outspoken 
fidelity to truth denouncing it the land over. If we cannot do 
anything else we can either make these people ashamed of this 
outrage against the ballot or make the world ashamed of them. 

There is another question to which the Republican party has 
committed itself, and on the line of w r hich it has accomplished, 
as I believe, much for the prosperity of this country. I- believe 
the Republican party is pledged and ought to be pledged to the doc- 
trine of the protection of American industries and American labor. 
I believe that in so far as our native inventive genius which seems 
to have no limit our productive forces can supply the American 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 23 

market, wo ought to keep it for ourselves. And yet this new cap- 
tain on the bridge sterns to congratulate himself on the fact that 
the voyage is still prosperous notwithstanding the change of com- 
manders ; who seems to forget that the reason that the voyage is 
still prosperous is because the course of the ship was marked out 
before he went on the bridge and the rudder tied down. He has 
attempted to take a new direction since he has been in command, 
with a view of changing the sailing course of the old craft, but it 
lias seemed to me that he has made the mistake of mistaking the 
flashlight Of some British lighthouse for the light of day. I do 
not intend here to-night in this presence to discuss this tariff ques- 
tion in any detail. I only want to say that in the passage of what 
is now so flippantly called the war tariff, to raise revenue to carry 
on the war out of the protective duties which were then levied, 
there has come to this country a prosperity and development which 
would have been impossible without it, and that reversal of this 
policy now, at the suggestion of Mr. Cleveland, according to the line 
of the blind statesman from Texas, would be to stay and interrupt 
this march of prosperity on which we have entered. I am one of 
those uninstructed political economists that have an impression 
that some things may be too cheap ; that I cannot find myself in 
full sympathy with this demand for cheaper coats, which seems to 
me necessarily to involve a cheaper man and woman under the 
coat. I believe it is true to day that we have many things in this 
country that are too cheap, because whenever it is proved that the 
man or woman who produces any article cannot get a decent living 
out of it, then it is too cheap. 

But I have not intended to discuss in detail any o'f these questions 
with which we have grappled, upon which we have proclaimed a 
policy, or which we must meet in the near future. I am only here 
to-night briefly to sketch to you the magnificent career of this party 
to which we give our allegiance a union of the States, restored, 
cemented, regenerated ; a Constitution cleansed of its compromises 
with slavery and brought into harmony with the immortal Declara- 
tion ; a race emancipated, given citizenship and the ballot ; a 
national credit preserved and elevated until it stands unequalled 
among the nations of the world a currency more prized than the 
coin for which it may be exchanged ; a story of prosperity more 
marvellous than was ever written by the historian before. This is 
in brief outline the magnificent way in which the Republican 
party has wrought. It stands to-day for a pure, equal, honest 
ballot the country over. It stands to-day without prejudice or 
malice, the well-wisher of every State in this Union ; disposed to 



24 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

fill all the streams of the South with prosperity, and demanding 
only that the terms of the surrender at Appomattox shall be com- 
plied with. When that magnificent act of clemency was wit- 
nessed, when those sublime and gracious words were uttered by 
General Grant at Appomattox, the country applauded. We said 
to those misguided men: "Go home" in the language of the 
parole "and you shall be unmolested while you obey the laws in 
force at the place where you reside. " We ask nothing more , but 
we cannot quietly submit to the fact, while it is true everywhere 
in the United States that the man who fought for years against his 
country is allowed the full, free, unrestricted exercise of his new 
citizenship, when it shall not also be true everywhere that every 
man who followed Lincoln in his political views, and every soldier 
who fought to uphold the flag, shall in the same full, ample manner 
be secured in his political rights. 

This disfranchisement question is hardly a Southern question in 
all strictness. It has gone into Dakota, and the intelligent and 
loyal population of that Territory is deprived, was at the last elec- 
tion, and will be again, of any participation in the decision of 
national questions solely because the prevailing sentiment of 
Dakota is Republican. Not only that, but this disregard of purity 
and honesty in our elections invaded Ohio in an attempt to seize 
the United States Senate by cheating John Sherman, that gallant 
statesman, out of his seat in the Senate. And it came here to 
Illinois, in an attempt also to defeat that man whom I loved so 
much, John A. Logan, out of his seat in the United States Senate. 
And it has come into our own State (Indiana) by tally -sheet frauds, 
committed by Individuals, it is true, but justified and defended 
by the Democratic party of the State in an attempt to cheat us all 
out of our fair election majorities. It was and is a question that 
lies over every other question, for every other question must be 
submitted to this tribunal for decision, and if the tribunal is cor 
rupted, why shall we debate questions at all? Who can doubt 
whether, in defeat or victorious, in the future as in the past, taking 
high ground upon all these questions, the same stirring cause that 
assembled our party in the beginning will yet be found drawing like 
a great magnet the young and intelligent moral elements of our 
country into the Republican organization? Defeated once, we are 
ready for this campaign which is impending, and I believe that 
the great party of 1860 is gathering together for the com ing election 
with a force and a zeal and a resolution that will inevitably carry 
it, under that standard-bearer who may be chosen here in June, to 
victory in November. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 25 

INDIANAPOLIS, JUNE 25, 1888. 
Nomination Day. 

A FEW hours after the receipt of the news of the nomina- 
tion of General Harrison for President, on Monday, June 
25, 1888, delegations from neighboring cities and towns 
began to arrive to congratulate him. From the moment 
the result at Chicago was known, and for two days there- 
after, the city of Indianapolis was the scene of excitement 
and enthusiasm unparalleled in its history. 

The first out-of-town delegation to arrive was the Re- 
publican Club of Danville, Hendricks County, Indiana, 
three hundred strong, led by the Hon. L. M. Campbell, 
Rev. Ira J. Chase, Major J. B. Homan, Joel T. Baker, 
Capt. Worrel, and E. Hogate. 

They came on the afternoon of the twenty-fifth and 
marched to the Harrison residence escorted by about five 
thousand excited citizens of Indianapolis, and it was to 
these men of Hendricks that General Harrison made his first 
public speech after his nomination which proved to be 
the opening words of a series of impromptu addresses re- 
markable for their eloquence, conciseness and variety, and 
generally conceded by the press of the day to have been 
the most brilliant and successful campaign speeches of his 
generation. 

To the Danville Club General Harrison said : 

Gentlemen I am very much obliged to my Hendricks County 
friends for this visit The trouble you have taken to make this 
call so soon after information of the result at Chicago reached you 
induces me to say a word or two, though you will not, of course, 
expect any reference to politics or any extended reference to the 
result at Chicago. I very highly appreciate the wise, discreet and 
affectionate interest which our delegation and the people of In- 
diana have displayed in the convention which has just closed at 
Chicago. [Cries of "Good!" "Good!" and cheers.] I accept your 
visit to-day as an expression of your confidence and respect, and 
I thank you for it. [Great cheering.] 



26 HARBISON'S SPEECHES. 

Scarcely had the Danville visit concluded before another 
organization from Hendricks County arrived, the Republi- 
can Club of Plainfield, led by Dr. Harlan, William G. 
Ellis, Oscar Hadley, and A. T. Harrison. 

Responding to their call, General Harrison said : 

Gentlemen I can only thank you for this evidence of your 
friendliness. That so many of my Hendricks County friends should 
have reached Indianapolis so soon, after hearing the result at 
Chicago is very gratifying. The people of your county have 
always given me the most hearty support whenever I have appealed 
to them for support. I have a most affectionate interest in your 
county and in its people, especially because of the fact that it fur- 
nished two companies to the regiment which I took into the field. 
Some of the best and most loyal of these soldiers gave their lives 
for their country in the battles in which the regiment was engaged. 
These incidents have attached me to the county, and I trust I have 
yet, even here among this group, some of my friends of the Seven- 
tieth Indiana surviving, who will always be glad to extend to me, 
as I to them, a comrade's hand. I thank you for this call. 

A few moments later two large delegations arrived from 
Hamilton and Howard Counties : Hon. J. R, Gray of 
Noblesville and Milton Garrigus of Kokomo delivered 
congratulatory addresses on behalf of their townsmen, to 
which General Harrison responded : 

I thank you, my friends of Hamilton County, for this call. I 
know the political steadfastness of that true and tried county. 
Your people have always been kind to me. I thank you for this 
evidence of your confidence and respect. 

Howard County. Of that county I may say what I have said of 
Hamilton County. It is a neighbor in location and it is a neigh- 
bor in good works. [Great cheering. ] 

On the evening of the twenty-fifth five thousand or more 
neighbors and residents of the city congregated before the 
Harrison residence. 

The General, on appearing, was greeted by a demon- 
stration lasting several minutes. The standard-bearers, 
carrying the great banner of the Oliver P. Morton Club, 
made their way to the steps and held the flag over his 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 27 

head. Hon. W. N. Harding finally quieted the crowd and 
presented General Harrison, who spoke as follows : 

Neighbors and Friends I am profoundly sensible of the kindness 
which you evidence to night in gathering in such large numbers 
to extend to me your congratulations over the result at Chicago. It 
would be altogether inappropriate that I should say anything of a 
partisan character. Many of my neighbors who differ with me 
politically have kindly extended to me, as citizens of Indianapolis, 
their congratulations over this event. [Cries of "Good !" "Good !"J 
Such congratulations, as well as those of my neighbors who sym- 
pathize with me in my political beliefs, are exceedingly grateful. 
I have been a long time a resident of Indianapolis over thirty 
years. Many who are here before me have been with me, during 
all those years, citizens of this great and growing capital of a mag- 
nificent State. We have seen the development and growth of 
this city. We are proud of its position to-day, and we look 
forward in the future to a development which shall far outstrip 
that which the years behind us have told. I thank you sincerely 
for this evidence that those who have known me well and long 
give me still their confidence and respect. [Cheers and applause.] 

Kings sometimes bestow decorations upon those whom they 
desire to honor, but that man is most highly decorated who has 
the affectionate regard of his neighbors and friends. [Great 
applause, and cries of "Hurrah for Harrison !"] I will only again 
thank you most cordially for this demonstration of your regard. 
I shall be glad, from time to time, as opportunity offers, to meet 
you all personally, and regret that to-night this crowd is so great 
that it will be impossible for me to take each one of you by the 
hand [cries of "We'll forgive you!"], but we will be here together 
and my house will always open its doors gladly to any of you when 
you may desire to see me. [Great cheering. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, JUNE 26. 

THE evening of the day following his nomination Gen- 
eral Harrison was visited by the surviving members of his 
old regiment, the Seventieth Indiana Volunteers, led by 
Major George "W. Grubbs of Martinsville. There was 
also present a delegation from Boone County headed by the 
Hon. Henry L. Bynum, O. P. Mahan and S. J. Thomp- 



28 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

son; also the returning delegates from Vermont to the 
Chicago convention, headed by Gov. Redfield Proctor and 
General J. G. McCullough. 

Responding to the address of Major Grubbs, on behalf 
of the veterans, General Harrison said : 

Comrades Called, as I have been, by the national convention of 
one of the great political parties of this country to be its candidate 
for the presidency, it will probably be my fortune before the elec- 
tion to receive many delegations representing various interests and 
classes of our fellow-citizens, but I am sure that out of them all 
there will come none whose coming will touch my heart so deeply 
as this visit from my comrades of the Seventieth Indiana and these 
scattered members of the other regiments that constituted the First 
Brigade of the Third Division of the Tweutietli Army Corps. I 
recall the scene to which Major Grubbs has alluded. I remember 
that summer day, when, equipped and armed, we were called to 
leave our homes and cross the Ohio River and enter the territory 
that was in arms against the Government which we were sworn to 
support. I recall, with you, the tender parting, the wringing of 
hearts with which we left those we loved. I recall the high and 
buoyant determination, the resolute carriage with which you went 
to do your part in the work of suppressing the great rebellion. I 
remember the scenes through which we went in that hard discipline 
of service and sickness, and all of those hard incidents which are 
necessary to convert citizens into veterans. 

I remember the scenes of battle in which we stood together. I re- 
member especially that broad and deep grave at the foot of the Resaca 
hill where we left those gallant comrades who fell in that desper- 
ate charge. I remember, through it all, the gallantry, devotion 
and steadfastness, the high set patriotism you always exhibited. 
I remember how, after sweeping down with Sherman from Chatta- 
nooga to the sea and up again through the Carolinas and Virginia, 
you, with those gallant armies that had entered the gate of the 
South by Louisville and Vicksburg, marched in the great review 
up the grand avenue of our Nation's capital. 

I remember that proud scene of which we were part that day ; 
the glad rejoicing as our faces were turned homeward, the applause 
which greeted us as the banner of our regiment was now and then 
recognized by some home friends who had gathered to see us the 
whole course of these incidents of battle, of sickness, of death, of 
victory, crowned thus by the triumphant reassertion of national 
authority, and by the muster out and our return to those homes 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 29 

that we loved, made again secure against all the perils which had 
threatened them. 

I feel that in this campaign upon which I am entering, and 
which will undoubtedly cause careful scrutiny, perhaps unkind and 
even malicious assault, all that related to my not conspicuous but 
loyal services with you in the army I may confidently leave, with 
my honor, in the hands of the surviving members of the Seventieth 
Indiana, whatever their political faith may be. [Cries of " That is 
true, General!" and "Yes!" "Yes!"] 

May I ask you now, for I am too deeply moved by this visit to 
speak as I would desire, that each one will enter this door, that 
will always open with a hearty welcome to you, and let me take 
you by the hand? [Cheering.] 

The event of the night was the visit of the California 
delegation, at ten o'clock, accompanied by the Indiana 
delegation to Chicago and several hundred personal friends 
and neighbors of General Harrison just returned from 
Chicago, where they had been laboring for his nomination. 

The Hon. M. H. de Young and John F. Ellison of Cali- 
fornia delivered congratulatory addresses, on conclusion of 
which the Californians hastened to their train ; after they 
departed the great crowd refused to disperse and called 
repeatedly for General Harrison, who responded as 
follows : 

Fellow-Citizens, Ladies and Gentlemen I am very deeply im- 
pressed and gratified with this magnificent demonstration of your 
respect. No man can be so highly honored by any convention, or 
by any decoration which any of the authorities of the Government 
can bestow, as by the respect and confidence of those who live near 
him. My heart is touched by this demonstration which my fellow - 
citizens have given me of their personal respect for me. I do not, 
however, accept this manifestation of interest as wholly due to 
myself. The great bulk of those who are assembled here to-night 
manifest rather their interest in those political principles which I 
have been called by the representatives, in national convention of 
the Republican party, to represent in this campaign. But I will 
not discuss any of those high issues to-night, because I am glad to 
know that among those who are gathered here, and among those 
who have paid me the compliment of their presence in my home, 
there are many citizens of Indianapolis who differ with me politi- 



30 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

cally. I would not, therefore, if it were otherwise proper, mar 
this occasion by the discussion of any political topic. I am glad 
to have an opportunity to return my sincere and heartfelt thanks 
to the Indiana delegation, and to that band of devoted friends who 
gathered about them and assisted them in their work at Chicago. 
When I saw in the newspaper press of the East and of the West the 
encomiums that were passed by the correspondents upon the deport- 
ment and character of the representatives of Indiana at Chicago, 
I was greatly pleased. When I heard of their affectionate de- 
votion, of their discreet and wise presentation of the claims of 
Indiana, I was still farther gratified. And if the result of that 
convention had been, as it well might have been if individuals 
had only been considered in the contest that was there waged, the 
selection for this high place of some one other than myself, I 
should have felt that the devoted interest, the wise and faithful 
presentation by the Indiana delegation of the Indiana situation 
was such that the failure to yield to their argument would still 
have left me crowned with the highest crown that can be placed 
upon mortal brow the affection and confidence and discreet sup- 
port of my friends from Indiana. [Cries of "Good !" "Good !"] I 
am glad that the despatches said of them, and truly said, that they 
conducted their canvass with that gentle and respectful regard to 
the interests and character of the others who were named for this 
high place, and that they came home without those regrets which 
must have followed if this A T ictory had been won at the expense of 
any of those noble names that were presented for the suffrage of 
the convention. 

I do not feel at all that in selecting the candidate who was 
chosen regard was had simply to the individual equipment and 
qualifications for the duties of this high office. I feel sure that if 
the convention had felt free to regard these things* only, some other 
of those distinguished men, old-time leaders of the Republican 
party, Blaine, or Sherman, or Allison, or some of the others named 
would have b9en chosen in preference to me. I feel that it was the 
situation in Indiana and its relation to the campaign that was im- 
pending rather than the personal equipment or qualifications of the 
candidate that was chosen that turned the choice of the convention 
in our direction. We are here to-night to thank those members of 
the convention who have done us the honor to pay our capital a visit 
to-night not only for this visit, but for the support and interest which 
they took in the Indiana candidacy in the convention at Chicago. I 
thank you again for gathering here to-night. I am sure that in 
this demonstration you give evidence that the interest in this cam- 



HARKISON'S SPEECHES. 31 

paign will not flag until the election has determined the result of 
the contest. And I feel sure, too, my fellow -citizens, that we have 
joined now a contest of great principles, and that the armies which 
are to fight out this great contest before the American people will 
encamp upon the high plains of principle, and not in the low 
swamps of personal defamation or detraction. [Cries of " Hear 1" 
"Hear!" and "Good !"] Again I thank you for the compliment of 
your presence here to-night, and bid you good-night. [Great 
cheering. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, JUNE 30. 

DURING the afternoon representatives of the Marquette 
Club of Chicago of which General Harrison is an honor- 
ary member called to present a set of congratulatory 
resolutions adopted by the club. The committee comprised 
Geo. V. Lauman, H. D. Crocker, W. S. Gilbert, E. B. 
Gould, H. M. Kingman and J. S. Moore. 

One of the resolutions recited that 

" The Marquette Club of Chicago takes great pride in 
the fact that within its walls and at its board was fired the 
first gun in Chicago of that memorable contest which 
has culminated in the nomination of its most honored 
member, General Benjamin Harrison, to fill the highest 
office within the gift of the American people." 

General Harrison in response said : 

Gentlemen of the Marquette Club I sincerely thank you for the 
congratulations of the Marquette Club of Chicago. I well recol- 
lect the evening I spent with you last February, and I remember 
how favorably your club impressed me at that time as a body of 
active, energetic young Republicans : not so much an organization 
for social purposes as for active advancement of Republican prin- 
ciples in your vicinity, and in the country as well. I thought I 
recognized in you then an efficient body for work in the State of 
Illinois, one that could in the coming campaign render signal ser- 
vice to the party whose principles its members maintain. I rejoice 
in your coming to call on me here, and I hope you will carry my 
sincere thanks to your members, and make yourselves welcome 
at mv home now and whenever you are in Indianapolis. 



32 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

On the evening of June 30 several thousand citizens, 
irrespective of party, paid their respects to General Har- 
rison ; at the head of the column marched four hundred 
veterans commanded by Moses G. McLain. Major James 
L. Mitchell, a prominent Democrat, was spokesman for 
the veterans. 

General Harrison, responding, said : 

Comrade Mitchell and Fellow -Soldiers I sincerely thank you for 
this evidence of your respect and comradeship. I am very certain 
that there is no class whose confidence and respect I more highly 
prize or more earnestly covet than that of the soldiers who, in the 
great war from 1861 to 1865, upheld the loved banner of our country 
and brought it home in honor. The comradeship of the war will 
never end until our lives end. The fires in which our friendship 
was riveted and welded were too hot for the bond ever to be 
broken. We sympathize with each other in the glory of the com- 
mon cause for which we fought. We went, not as partisans, but 
as patriots, into the strife which involved the national life. I am 
sure that no army was ever assembled in the world's history that 
was gathered from higher impulses than the army of the Union. 
[Cries of "Right!" "Right!"] 

It was no sordid impulse, no hope of spoils that induced these 
men to sunder the tender associations of home and forsake their 
business pursuits to look into the grim face of death with un- 
blanched cheeks and firm and resolute eyes. They are the kind of 
men who draw their impulses from the high springs of truth and 
duty. The army was great in its assembling. It came with an 
impulse that was majestic and terrible. It was as great in its 
muster-out as in the brilliant work which had been done in the 
field. When the war was over the soldier was not left at the tav- 
ern. Every man had in some humble place a chair by some fire- 
side where he was loved and towards which his heart went forward 
with a quick step. [Applause.] 

And so this great army that had rallied for the defence and pres- 
ervation of the country was disbanded without tumult or riot or 
any public disturbance. It had covered the country with the man- 
tle of its protection when it needed it, as the snows of spring cover 
the early vegetation, and when the warm sun of peace shone upon 
it, it disappeared as the snow sinks into the earth to refresh 
and vivify the summer growth. They found their homes ; they 
carried their brawn and intellect into all the pursuits of peace to 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 33 

stimulate them and lift them up ; they added their great impulse 
to that great wave of prosperity which has swept over our country 
ever since. [Applause.] But in nothing was this war greater than 
in that it led a race into freedom and brought those whom we had 
conquered in the struggle into the full enjoyment of a restored cit- 
izenship, and shared again with them the responsibilities and 
duties of a restored government. [Applause.] 

I thank you to-night most sincerely for this evidence of your 
comradeship. I thank, specially, those friends who differ with me 
in their political views, that they have put these things aside 
to-night, and have come here to give me a comrade's greeting. 
[Applause.] May I have the privilege now, without detaining you 
longer, of taking by the hand every soldier here? [Applause.] 

Later, the same evening, the Harrison League of 
Indianapolis, numbering three hundred colored men, as- 
sembled on the lawn and congratulated the Republican 
nominee through its spokesman, Mr. Ben D. Bagby. Gen- 
eral Harrison's response was as follow^ : 

Mr. Bagby and Gentlemen of the Harrison Club I assure you 
that I have a sincere respect for, and a very deep interest in, the 
colored people of the United States. My memory, as a boy, goes 
back to the time when slavery existed in the Southern States. I 
was born upon the Ohio River, which was the boundary between 
the free State of Ohio and the slave State of Kentucky. Some of 
my earliest recollections relate to the stirring and dramatic inter- 
est which was now and then excited by the pursuit of an escaping 
slave for the hope of offered rewards. 

I remember, as a boy, wandering once through my grandfather's 
orchard at North Bend, and in pressing through an alder thicket 
that grew on its margin I saw sitting in its midst a colored man 
with the frightened look of a fugitive in his eye, and attempting 
to satisfy his hunger with some walnuts he had gathered. He 
noticed my approach with a fierce, startled look, to see whether I 
was likely to betray him ; I was frightened myself and left him in 
some trepidation, but I kept his secret. [Cries of "Good!" 
"Good!"] I have seen the progress which has been made in the 
legislation relating to your race, and the progress that the race 
itself has made since that day When I came to Indiana to reside 
the unfriendly black code was in force. My memory goes back 
to the time when colored witnesses were first allowed to appear in 

court in this State to testify in cases" where white men were par- 
3 



34 HARBISON'S SPEECHES. 

ties. Prior to that time, as you know, you had been excluded 
from the right to tell in court, under oath, your side of the story in 
any legal controversy with white men. [Cries of "I know that!"] 
The laws prevented your coming here. In every way you were at 
a disadvantage, even in the free States. I have lived to see this 
unfriendly legislation removed from our statute-books and the 
unfriendly section of our State Constitution repealed. I have lived 
not only to see that, but to see the race emancipated and slavery 
extinct. [Cries of "Amen to that !"] 

Nothing gives me more pleasure among the results of the war 
than this. History will give a prominent place in the story of this 
great war to the fact that it resulted in making all men free, and 
gave to you equal civil rights. The imagination and art of the 
poet, the tongue of the orator, the skill of the artist will be brought 
under contribution to tell this story of the emancipation of the 
souls of men. [Applause and cries of " Amen !"] 

Nothing gives me so much gratification as a Republican as to 
feel that in all the steps that led to this great result the Republican 
party sympathized with you, pioneered for you in legislation, and 
was the architect of those great measures of relief which have so 
much ameliorated your condition. [Applause. ] 

I know nowhere in this country of a monument that I behold 
with so much interest, that touches my heart so deeply, as that 
monument at Washington representing the Proclamation of Eman- 
cipation by President Lincoln, the kneeling black man at the feet 
of the martyred President, with the shackles falling from his 
limbs. 

I remember your faithfulness during the time of the war. I 
remember your faithful service to the army as we were advancing 
through an unknown country. We could always depend upon the 
faithfulness of the black man. [Cries of "Right you are!"] He 
might be mistaken, but he was never false. Many a time in the 
darkness of night have those faithful men crept to our lines and 
given us information of the approach of the enemj^. I shall never 
forget a scene that I saw w r hen Sherman's army marched through 
a portion of North Carolina, between Raleigh and Richmond, 
where our troops had never before been. The colored people had 
not seen our flag since the banner of treason had been set up in its 
stead. As we were passing through a village the colored people 
flocked out to see once more the starry banner of freedom, the 
emblem, promise, and security of their emancipation. I remem- 
ber an aged woman, over whom nearly a century of slavery must 
have passed, pressed forward to see the welcome banner that told 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. '>5 

her that her soul would go over into the presence of her God. I 
remember her exultation of spirit as she danced in the dusty road 
before our moving column, and, like Miriam of old, called upon 
her soul to rejoice in the deliverance which God had wrought by 
the coming of those who stood for and made secure the Procla- 
mation of Emancipation. [Applause.] 

I rejoice in all that you have accomplished since you have been 
free I recall no scene more pathetic than that which I have often 
seen about our camp- tires. An aged man, a fugitive from slavery, 
had found freedom in our camp. After a day of hard work, when 
taps had sounded and the lights in the tents were out, I have seen 
him with the spelling-book that the chaplain had given him, lying 
prone upon the ground taxing his old eyes, and pointing with his 
hardened finger to the letters of the alphabet, as he endeavored to 
open to his clouded brain the avenues of information and light. 

I am glad to know that that same desire to increase and enlarge 
your information possesses the race to-day. It is the open way for 
the race to that perfect emancipation which will remove remaining 
prejudices and secure to you in all parts of the land an equal and 
just participation in the government of this country. It cannot 
much longer be withholden from you. 

Again I thank you for your presence here to-night and will be 
glad to take by the hand any of you who desire to see me. [Great 
applause. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 4, 1888. 
The Notification. 

THE Indiana Republican State Committee, through its 
chairman, the Hon. James N. Huston, designated as a com- 
mittee to receive and escort the committee on notification 
from the National Convention the following gentlemen : 

Ex-Gov. Albert G. Porter, Mayor Caleb S. Denny, Col. 
John C. New, J. N. Huston, Col. J. H. Bridgland, Hon. 
Stanton J. Peelle, William Wallace, M. G. McLain, N. S. 
Byram, Hon. W. H. Calkins, W. J. Richards, and Hon. 
H. M. LaFollette. 

At noon on July 4 the notification committee represent- 
ing the Republican National Convention arrived under 



'W HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

escort at the residence of General Harrison, No. 674 Del- 
aware Street. The following delegates comprised the 
committee : 

Judge Morris M. Estee of California, Chairman; Ala- 
bama, A. H. Hendricks; Arkansas, Logan H. Roots; Cali- 
fornia, Paris Kilburn ; Colorado, Henry R. Wolcott ; Con- 
necticut, E. S. Henry ; Delaware, J. R. Whitaker ; Florida, 
F. M. Wicker ; Georgia, W. W. Brown ; Illinois, Thomas 
W.Scott; Indiana, J. N. Huston; Iowa, Thomas Upde- 
graff ; Kansas, Henry L. Alden ; Kentucky, George Denny ; 
Louisiana, Andrew Hero; Maine, Samuel H. Allen; Mary- 
land, Wm. M. Marine; Massachusetts, F. L. Burden; 
Michigan, Wm. McPherson ; Minnesota, R. B. Langdon; 
Mississippi, T. W. Stringer; Missouri, A. W. Mullins; 
Nebraska, R. S. Norval ; Nevada, S. E. Hamilton ; New 
Hampshire, P. C. Cheney; New Jersey, H. H. Potter; 
New York, Obed Wheeler ; North Carolina, D. C. Pearson ; 
Ohio, Charles Foster ; Oregon, F. P. Mays ; Pennsylvania, 
Frank Reeder; Rhode Island, B. M. Bosworth; South 
Carolina, Paris Simpkins; Tennessee, J. C. Dougherty; 
Texas, E. H. Terrell; Vermont, Redfield Proctor; Vir- 
ginia, Harry Libby; West Virginia, C. B. Smith; Wis- 
consin, H. C. Payne; Arizona, Geo. Christ; Dakota, G. 
W. Hopp ; Dist. Columbia, P. H. Carson ; Idaho, G. A. 
Black ; Montana, G. O. Eaton ; New Mexico, J. F. Chavez ; 
Utah, J. J. Daly; Washington, T. H. Minor; Wyo- 
ming, C. D. Clark. 

Chairman Estee spoke for the committee; his address 
signed by each member was also presented to General 
Harrison, who in a full, clear voice replied as follows : 

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Committee The official 
notice which you have brought of the nomination conferred upon 
me by the Republican National Convention recently in session at 
Chicago excites emotions of a profound, though of a somewhat 
conflicting, character. That after full deliberation and free con- 
sultation the representatives of the Republican party of the United 
States should have concluded that the great principles enunciated 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 37 

in the platform adopted by the convention could be in some meas- 
ure safely confided to my care is an honor of which I am deeply 
sensible and for which I am very grateful. I do not assume or 
believe that this choice implies that the convention found in me 
any pre eminent fitness or exceptional fidelity to the principles of 
government to which we are mutually pledged. My satisfaction 
with the result would be altogether spoiled if that result had been 
reached by any unworthy methods or by a disparagement of the 
more eminent men who divided with me the suffrages of the con- 
vention. I accept the nomination with so deep a sense of the dig- 
nity of the office and of the gravity of its duties and the responsi- 
bilities as altogether to exclude any feeling of exultation or pride. 
The principle3 of government and the practices in administration 
upon which issues are now fortunately so clearly made are so 
important in their relations to the national and to individual pros- 
perity that we may expect an unusual popular interest in the cam- 
paign, Relying wholly upon the considerate judgment of our 
fellow-citizens and the gracious favor of God, we will confidently 
submit our cause to the arbitrament of a free ballot. 

The day you have chosen for this visit suggests no thoughts that 
are not in harmony with the occasion. The Republican party has 
walked in the light of the Declaration of Independence. It has lifted 
the shaft of patriotism upon the foundation laid at Bunker Hill. 
It has made the more perfect union secure by making all men 
free. Washington and Lincoln, Yorktown and Appomattox, the 
Declaration of Independence and the Proclamation of Emancipa- 
tion are naturally and worthily associated in our thoughts to-day. 

As soon as may be possible I shall by letter communicate to your 
chairman a more formal acceptance of the nomination, but it may 
be proper for me now to say that I have already examined the 
platform with some care, and that its declarations, to some of 
which your chairman has alluded, are in harmony with my views. 
It gives me pleasure, gentlemen, to receive you in my home and to 
thank you for the cordial manner in which you have conveyed 
your official message. 

At the conclusion of these formalities Charles W. Clis- 
bee, one of the secretaries of the National Convention, 
presented the nominee an engrossed official copy of the 
Republican platform. 

July 4, 1888, was a memorable day in the life of 
General Harrison and his wife; for aside from the official 



38 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

notification of his nomination, they were the recipients of 
congratulations of a unique character from the Tippe- 
canoe Club of Marion County, a political organization 
composed exclusively of veterans who had voted for Gen- 
eral William Henry Harrison in the campaigns of 1830 
or 1840. 

Nearly all the younger and able-bodied members attended 
the Chicago Convention and worked unceasingly for the 
nomination of General Benjamin Harrison. 

Their average age was seventy-five years, while one 
member, James Hubbard of Mapleton, was over one hun- 
dred years old. 

On the afternoon of the fourth, ninety-one of these vet- 
erans commanded by their marshal, Isaac Taylor, marched 
to General Harrison's house through the rain. They had 
adopted a congratulatory address which was presented by 
a committee consisting of Dr. George W. New, Judge 
J. B. Julian, and Dr. Lawson Abbett, to which General 
Harrison feelingly replied as follows : 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Tippecanoe Club of Marion 
County I am very deeply touched by your visit to-day. The 
respect and confidence of such a body of men is a crown. Many 
of you I have known since I first came to Indianapolis. I count 
you my friends, [Cries of "Yes, sir, we are!"] You have not 
only shown your friendliness and respect in the political contests 
in which my name has been used, but very many of you in the 
social and business relations of life extended to me, when I came 
a young man among you, encouragement and help. I know that 
at the beginning your respect and confidence was builded upon 
the respect, and even affection may I not say, which you bore to 
my grandfather. [A voice, "Yes, that is true !"] May I not, with- 
out self -laudation, now say that upon that foundation you have 
since created a modest structure of respect forme? [Cries of " Yes, 
sir!" "We have!" "That's the talk!"] I came among you with 
the heritage, I trust, of a good name [cries of "That's so!" 
"Good stock !"], such as all of you enjoy. It was the only inherit- 
ance that has been transmitted in our family. [Cries of "It has 
been !"] I think you recollect, and, perhaps, it was that as much 
as aught else that drew your choice in 1840 to the Whig candidate 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 39 

for the presidency, that he came out of Virignia to the West with 
no fortune but the sword he bore, and unsheathed it here in the 
defence of our frontier homes. He transmitted little to his de- 
scendants but the respect he had won from his fellow-citizens. It 
seems to be the settled habit in our family to leave nothing else to 
our children. [Laughter and cries of "That's enough!"] My 
friends, I am a thorough believer in the American test of character 
[cries of "That's right!"] ; the rule must be applied to a man's 
own life when his stature is taken He will not build high who 
does not build for himself. [Applause and cries of "That's true !''] 
I believe also in the American opportunity which puts the starry 
sky above every boy's head, and sets his foot upon a ladder which 
he may climb until his strength gives out. 

I thank you cordially for your greeting, and for this tender of 
your help in this campaign. It will add dignity and strength to 
the campaign when it is found that the zealous, earnest, and intel- 
ligent co-operation of men of mature years like you is given to it. 
The Whig party to which you belonged had but one serious fault 
there were not enough of them after 1840. [Laughter and 
applause. ] We have since received to our ranks in the new and 
greater party to which you now belong accessions from those who 
were then our opponents, and we now unite with them in the 
defence of principles which were dear to you as Whigs, which 
were indeed the cherished and distinguishing principles of the 
Whig party ; and in the olden and better time, of the Democratic 
party also. Chief among these were a reverent devotion to the 
Constitution and the flag, and a firm faith in the benefits of a 
protective tariff. If, in some of the States, under a sudden and 
mad impulse some of the old Whigs who stood with you in the 
campaign of 1840, to which you have referred, w r andered from us, 
may we not send to them to-day the greetings of these their old 
associates, and invite them to come again into the fold? 

And now, gentlemen, I thank you again for your visit, and would 
be glad if you would remain with us for a little personal inter- 
course. 



40 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 7. 

FIVE hundred commercial travellers paid a visit to 
General Harrison on July 7; they came from all parts 
of the country, principally from Philadelphia, Cincinnati, 
St. Louis, and Louisville. Major James R. Ross was mar 
shal of their delegation ; David E. Coffin presented the 
" drummers" to General and Mrs. Harrison. 

When all had gathered within or about the residence, 
Col. Ed. H. Wolfe of Rushville, Indiana, delivered a con- 
gratulatory address on behalf of the visitors. General 
Harrison, responding, said 1 . 

Gentlemen of the Commercial Travellers' Association of Indiana 
and Visiting Friends I most heartily thank you for this cordial 
manifestation of your respect. It is to be expected when one has 
been named for office by one of the great parties that those who are 
in accord with him in his political convictions will show their 
interest in the campaign which he represents, but it is particularly 
gratifying to me that many of you who differ with me in political 
opinion, reserving your own opinions and choice, have come here 
to night to express your gratification, personally, that I have been 
named by the Republican party as its candidate for the presidency. 

It is a very pleasant thing in politics when this sort of testi- 
mony is possible, and it is very gratifying to me to night to 
receive it at your hands. I do not know why we cannot hold our 
political differences with respect for each other's opinions, and 
with entire respect for each other personally. Our opinions upon 
the great questions which divide parties ought not to be held in 
such a spirit of bigotry as will prevent us from extending to a 
political opponent the concession of honesty in his opinion and 
that personal respect to which he may be entitled. [Applause. ] 

I very much value this visit from you, for I think I know how 
to estimate the commercial travellers of America. I am not going 
to open before you to-night any store of flattery. I do not think 
there is any market for it here. [Laughter and cries of "That's 
good !" and cheers. ] You know the value of that commodity per- 
fectly. [Laughter and continued applause.] I do not mean to 
suggest at all that you are dealers in it yourselves [laughter] in 
your intercourse with your customers, but I do mean to say that 
your wide acquaintance with men, that judgment of character and 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 41 

even of the moods of men which is essential to the successful pros- 
ecution of your business makes you a very unpromising audience 
upon which to pass any stale compliments. 

My memory goes back to the time when there were no commer- 
cial travellers. When I first came to Indianapolis to reside your 
profession was not known. The retail merchant went to the whole- 
sale house and made his selections there. I appreciate the fact 
that those who successfully pursue your calling must, in the nature 
of things, be masters of the business in which you are engaged 
and possess great adaptability and a high order of intelligence. 

I thank you again for this visit , and give you in return my 
most sincere respect and regard. [Applause.] I regret that there 
is not room enough here for your comfort [a voice : "There will be 
more room in the White House !" Another- "We will take your 
order now and deliver the goods in November!"], but I shall be 
glad if any or all of you will remain for a better acquaintance and 
less formal intercourse. [Great applause and rousing cheers for 
the next President. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 9. 

THE first of many delegations from other States arrived 
July 9, from the city of Benton Harbor, Mich., and in- 
cluded many ladies. The leading members were F. R. 
Gilson, Ambrose H. Howe, Wm. S. Farmer, G. M. Valen- 
tines, W. B. Shanklin, E. M. Elick, A. J. Kidd, C. C. 
Sweet, O. B. Hipp, R. M. Jones, W. L. Hogan, James Mc- 
Donald, Allen Brunson, Frank Melton, P. W. Hall, Geo. 
W. Platt, W. L. McClure, J. C. Purrill, E. H. Kelly, J. A. 
Crawford, M. J. Vincent, Dr. Boston, M. G. Kennedy, 
and Dr. J. Bell. General L. M. Ward was spokesman for 
the visitors. General Harrison said : 

My Friends This visit is exceptional in some of its features. 
Already, in the brief time since my nomination, I have received 
various delegations, but this is the first delegation that has visited 
me from outside the borders of my own State. Your visit is also 
exceptional and very gratifying in that you have brought with 
you the ladies of your families to grace the occasion and to honor 
me by their presence. I am glad to know that while the result of 



42 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

the convention at Chicago brought disappointment to you, it has 
not left any sores that need the ointment of time for their healing. 
Your own favored citizen, distinguished civilian, and brave sol- 
dier, General Alger, was among the first and among the most cor- 
dial to extend to me his congratulations and the assurance of his 
earnest support in the campaign. I am sure it cannot be other- 
wise than that the Republicans of Michigan will take a deep inter- 
est in this campaign ; an interest that altogether oversteps all 
personal attachments. Your State has been proudly associated with 
the past successes of the Republican party, and your interests are 
now closely identified with its success in the pending campaign. 
I am sure, therefore, that I may accept your presence here to- 
night not only as a personal compliment, but as a pledge that 
Michigan will be true again to those great principles of govern- 
ment which are represented by the Republican party. We cherish 
the history of our party and are proud of its high achievements ; 
they stir the enthusiasm of the young and crown those who were 
early in its ranks with well- deserved laurels. The success of the 
Republican party has always been identified with the glory of the 
flag and the unity of the Government. There has been nothing in 
the history or principles of our party out of line with revolutionary 
memories or with the enlightened statesmanship of the framers 
of our Constitution. Those principles are greater than men, lasting 
as truth, and sure of final vindication and triumph. Let me thank 
you again for your visit, and ask introduction to each of you. 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 12. 

GENERAL HARRISON received four delegations this day. 
The first was a committee of veterans from John A. Logan 
Post, No. 99, G. A. R., of North Manchester, Wabash 
County, who came to invite the General to attend a 
soldiers' reunion for Northern Indiana. The committee 
comprised Shelby Sexton, Senior Vice-Commander Indi- 
ana G. A. R. ; John Elwood, Geo. Lawrence, J. A. Brown, 
W. E. Thomas, I. D. Springdon, J. C. Hubbard, J. M. 
Jennings, E. A. Ebbinghous, L. J. Noftzger, and S. V. 
Hopkins. Rev. R. J. Parrott delivered the address of 
invitation. General Harrison responded : 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 43 

Comrades and Gentlemen Your request is one that appeals to 
me very strongly, and if it were single I should very promptly 
accede to it, but, without being told, you will readily understand 
that invitations of a kindred nature are corning to me every day, 
presented by individual comrades and committees, but more fre- 
quently by written communications. 

I have felt that if I opened a door in this direction it would be 
a very wide one, and I would either subject myself to the criti- 
cism of having favored particular localities or particular organiza- 
tions, to the neglect of others having equal claims upon me, or 
that I should be compelled to give to this pleasant duty as it 
would be if other duties did not crowd me too much of my time. 
I am, therefore, compelled to say to you that it w T ill be impossible 
for me to accept your invitation. But in doing this, I w T ant to 
thank you for the interest you have shown in my presence with 
you, and I want especially to thank you for the spirit of comrade- 
ship which brings you here. I am glad to know and I have many 
manifestations of it that the peculiar position in w T hich I am 
placed as a candidate of a political party does not separate me 
from the cordial friendship and comradeship of those who differ 
with me politically. I should greatly regret it if it should be so. 
We held our opinions and fought for them when the war was on, 
and we will hold them now in affectionate comradeship and 
mutual respect. I thank you for your visit. 

The second delegation also came from "W abash County 
and was under the leadership of William Hazen, Warren 
Bigler, James P. Ross, James E. Still, Robert Weesner, 
John Rodgers, Job Ridgway, and Joseph Ridgway, aged 
83, of Wabash City. Their spokesman was Mr. Cowgill. 
General Harrison, responding, said : 

Mr. Cowgill and my Wabash County Friends In 1860 I was 
first a candidate before a convention for nomination to a public f 
office. Possibly some of those who are here to-day were in that 
convention. Wabash County presented in the person of my friend, 
and afterwards my comrade, Col. Charles Parrish, a candidate for 
the office which I also sought, that of Reporter of Decisions of the 
Supreme Court of the State of Indiana. We had a friendly yet 
earnest contest before the convention, in which I succeeded. A 
little later in the campaign, as I was attempting to render to my 
party the services which my nomination seemed to imply, I visited 
your good county and received at your hands a welcome so demon- 



44 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

strati ve and cordial that I have always had a warm place In my 
heart for your people. I was then almost a boy in years, and alto- 
gether a boy in public life. Since then, in campaigns in which I 
have had a personal interest, and in very many more wherein I 
had only the general interest that you all had, it has been my 
pleasure to visit your county, and I can testify to the earnest, intel- 
ligent and devoted republicanism of Wabash County. You have 
never faltered in any of the great struggles in which the party 
has engaged ; and I believe you have followed your party from a 
high conviction that the purposes it set before us involved the best 
interests of the country that you love, and to which you owe the 
duty of citizens. I know how generously you contributed to the 
army when your sons were called to defend it ; and I know how, 
since the war, you have endeavored to preserve and to conserve those 
results which you fought for, and which made us again one peo- 
ple, acknowledging, and I hope loving, one flag and one Constitu- 
tion. [Applause.] I want to thank you personally for this visit, 
and I wish now, if it is your pleasure, to meet you individually. 

Benton County, Indiana, contributed the third delega- 
tion of the day, led by H. S. Travis, Clark Cook, B. John- 
son, Henry Taylor, Frank Knapp, and Robert L. Cox of 
Fowler. They were presented by Col. A. D. Streight. 
General Harrison said : 

Colonel Streight, Felloiv-eitizens, and Comrades I am very grate- 
ful to you for this visit, and for the cordial terms in which your 
spokesman has extended to me the congratulations of my friends 
of Benton County We have men who boast that they are cosmo- 
politans, citizens of the world. I prefer to say that I am an Amer- 
ican citizen [applause], and I freely confess that American inter- 
ests have the first place in my regard. [Applause.] This is not 
at all inconsistent with the recognition of that comity between 
nations which is necessary to the peace of the world. It is not 
inconsistent with that philanthropy which sympathizes with 
human distress and oppression the world around. We have been 
especially favored as an apart nation, separated from the conflicts, 
jealousies, and intrigues of European courts, with a territory 
embracing every feature of climate and soil, and resources capable 
of supplying the wants of our people, of developing a wholesome 
and gigantic national growth, and of spreading abroad, by their 
full establishment here, the principles of human liberty and free 
government. I do 'not think it inconsistent with the philanthropy 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 45 

of the broadest teacher of human love that we should first have 
regard for that family of which we are a part. Here in Indiana 
the drill has just disclosed to us the presence of inexhaustible quan- 
tities, in a large area of our State, of that new fuel which has the 
facility of doing its own transportation, even to the furnace door, 
and which leaves no residuum to be carried away when it has done 
its work. This discovery has added an impulse to our growth. 
It has attracted manufacturing industries from other States. Many 
of our towns have received, and this city, we may hope, is yet to 
receive, a great impulse in the development of their manufactur- 
ing industries by reason of this discovery. It seems to me that 
when this fuller development of our manufacturing interests, this 
building up of a home market for the products of our farms, which 
is sure to produce here that which has been so obvious elsewhere 
a great increase in the value of farms and farm products is 
opening to us the pleasant prospect of a rapid growth in wealth, 
we should be slow to abandon that system of protective duties 
which looks to the promotion and development of American indus- 
try and to the preservation of the highest possible scale of wages 
for the American workman. [Applause.] The development of 
our country must be on those lines that benefit all our people. 
Any development that does not reach and beneficially affect all our 
people is not to be desired, and cannot be progressive or permanent. 
Comrades, you still love the flag for which we fought % . We are 
preserved in God's providence to see the wondrous results of that 
struggle in which you were engaged a reunited country, a Consti- 
tution whose authority is no longer disputed, a flag to which all 
men bow. It has won respect at home ; it should be respected 
by all nations of the earth as an emblem and representative of a 
people desiring peace with all men, but resolute in the determination 
that the rights of all our citizens the w r orld around shall be faith- 
fully respected. [Applause and cries of "That's right!"] I thank 
you again for this visit, and, if it be your pleasure, and your com- 
mittee will so arrange, I will be glad to take you by the hand. 

The fourth and largest delegation of the day came from 
Boone County, numbering more than two thousand, led by 
Captain Brown, S. S. Heath, A. L. Howard, W. H. H. 
Martin, D. A. Rice, James Williamson, E. G. Darnell, 
D. H. Olive, and Captain Arbigas of Lebanon, the last- 
named veteran totally blind. 

Another contingent was commanded by David 0, Mason, 



46 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

J. O. Hurst, J. N. Harmon, and Mr. Denny, an octogen- 
arian, all of Zionsville. Dr. D. C. Scull was orator for 
the visitors. General Harrison said : 

My Friends The magnitude of this demonstration puts us at a 
disadvantage in our purpose to entertain you hospitably, as \ve 
had designed when notified of your coming. [Cheers.] I regret 
that you must stand exposed to the heat of the sun, and that I 
must be at the disadvantage of speaking from this high balcony 
a few words of hearty thanks. I hope it may be arranged by the 
committee so that I may yet have the opportunity of speaking to 
you informally and individually. I am glad to notice your quick 
interest in the campaign. I am sure that that interest is stimu- 
lated by your devotion to the principles of government which you 
conceive rightly, as I believe to be involved in this campaign. 
[Applause.] I am glad to think that some of you, veterans of a 
former political campaign to which your chairman has alluded, 
and others of you, comrades in the great Avar for the Union, come 
here to express some personal friendship for me. [Cheers.] But 
I am sure that this campaign will be waged upon a plan altogether 
above personal consideration. You are here as citizens of the State 
of Indiana, proud of the great advancement the State has made 
since those pioneer days when brave men from the East and South 
entered our territory, blazing a pathway into the unbroken forest, 
upon which civilization, intelligence, patriotism, and the love of 
God has walked until we are conspicuous among the States as 
a community desirous of social order, full of patriotic zeal, and 
pledged to the promotion of that education which is to qualify the 
coming generations to discharge honorably and well their duties 
to the Government which we will leave in their hands. [Applause. ] 
You are here also as citizens of the United States, proud of that 
arch of strength that binds together the States of this Union in 
one great Nation. But citizenship has its duties as well as its 
privileges. The first is that'we give our energies and influence 
to the enactment of just, equal, and beneficent laws. The second 
is like unto it that we loyally reverence and obey the will of the 
majority enacted into law, whether we are ot a majority or not 
[applause] ; the law throws the aegis of its protection over us all. 
It stands sentinel about your country homes to protect you from 
violence ; it comes into our more thickly populated community 
and speaks its mandate for individual security and public order. 
There is an open avenue through the ballot-box for the modifica- 
tion or repeal of laws which are unjust or oppressive. To the law 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 47 

we bow with reverence. It is the one king that commands our 
allegiance. We will change our king, when his rule is oppressive, 
by these methods appointed, and crown his more liberal successor. 
[Applause.] I thank you again, most cordially, for this visit, and 
put myself in the hands of your committee that I may have the 
privilege of meeting you individually. 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 13. 

ONE thousand employees of the various railroads centre- 
ing at Indianapolis, organized as a Harrison and Morton 
Club J. C. Finch, President, and A. D. Shaw, Marshal 
of the occasion called on General Harrison on the night 
of July 13. Yardmaster Shaw was spokesman. General 
Harrison replied : 

Gentlemen Your visit is very gratifying to me, and is full of 
significance and interest. If I read aright the language of your 
lanterns you have signalled the Republican train to go ahead. 
[Applause and cries of "And she is going, too!"] You have con- 
cluded that it is freighted with the interests and hopes of the 
workingmen of America, and must have the right of way. 
[Cheers and cries, "That's true!" and "We don't have to take 
water on this trip, either !"] The train has been inspected ; you 
have given it your skilled and intelligent approval ; the track has 
been cleared and the switches spiked down. Have I read your sig- 
nals aright? [Cheers and cries of "You have!" and "There's no 
flat wheels under this train !"] You represent, I understand, every 
department of railroad labor the office, the train, the shop, the 
yard, and the road. You are the responsible and intelligent agents 
of a vast system that, from a rude and clumsy beginning, has 
grown to be as fine and well adapted as the parts of the latest loco- 
motive engine. The necessities and responsibilities of the business 
of transportation have demanded a body of picked men inventive 
and skilful, faithful and courageous, sober and educated and the 
call has been answered, as your presence here to night demon- 
strates. [Cheers. ] Heroism has been found at the throttle and 
the brake, as well as on the battle-field, and as well worthy of song 
and marble. The trainman crushed between the platforms, who 
used his last breath, not for prayer or message of love, but to say 
to the panic-stricken who gathered around him, "Put out the red 



48 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

light for the other train," inscribed his name very high upon the 
shaft where the names of the faithful and brave are written. [A 
voice " Give him three cheers for that !" Great and enthusiastic 
cheering. ] 

This early and very large gathering of Republican railroad men 
suggests to me that you have opinions upon public questions 
which are the product of your own observations and study. Some 
one will say that the railroad business is a "non-protected indus- 
try, " because it has to do with transportation and not with pro- 
duction. But I only suggest what has already occurred to your 
own minds when I say that is a very deceptive statement. You 
know there is a relation between the wages of skilled and unskilled 
labor as truly as between the prices of two grades of cotton cloth ; 
that if the first is cut down, the other, too, must come down. 
[Cries of "That's just so !"] You know, also, that if labor is thrown 
out of one line or avenue, by so much the more will the others 
be crowded ; that any policy that transfers production from the 
American to the English or German shop works an injury to all 
American workmen. [Great cheering. ] 

But, if it could be shown that your wages were unaffected by our 
system of protective duties, I am sure that your fellowship with 
your fellow-toilers in other industries would lead you to desire, as 
I do and always have, that our legislation may be of that sort that 
will secure to them the highest possible prosperity [applause] 
wages that not only supply the necessities of life, but leave a sub- 
stantial margin for comfort and for the savings bank. No man's 
wages should be so low that he cannot make provision in his days 
of vigor for the incapacity of accident or the feebleness of old age. 
[Great cheering.] 

I am glad to be assured to-nighfc that the principles of our party 
and all things affecting its candidates can be safely left to the 
thoughtful consideration of the American workingmen they will 
know the truth and accept it; they will reject the false and slan- 
derous. [Applause. ] 

And now let me say in conclusion that my door will always be 
open to any of you who may desire to talk with me about anything 
that interests you or that you think will interest me. I regret that 
Mrs. Harrison is prevented by a temporary sickness from joining 
with me in receiving you this evening. [Great cheering.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 49 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 14. 

A NOTABLE visit was that of two hundred and twenty 
members of the Lincoln Club, one of the most influential 
political organizations of Cincinnati. They were escorted 
by the First Regiment Band and led by their President, 
Hon. A. C. Horton, with Col. James I. Quiiiton, Marshal 
of the day. Among other prominent members in line were 
Col. Leo Markbreit, Senator Richardson, Dr. M. M. Eaton, 
Hon. Fred Pfeister, W. E. Hutton, Samuel Baily, Jr., 
Albert Mitchell, H. M. Zeigler, B. O. M. De Beck, W. T. 
Porter, Harry Probasco, John Ferinbatch, Geo. B. Fox, J. 
E. Strubbe, Dr. S. V. Wiseman, Joseph H. Thornton,C. H. 
Rockwell, Lewis Wesner and Col. Moore. Hon. Drusin 
Wulsin, Vice- President of the club, was the orator. Gen- 
eral Harrison, who had been ill for two days, replied : 

Mr. Wulsin and Gentlemen of the Lincoln Club of Cincinnati 
I thank you very much for this visit, and I wish I found myself 
in condition to talk to .you with comfort to-night. I cannot, how- 
ever, let the occasion pass, in view of the kind terms in which 
you have addressed me through your spokesman, without a word. 
I feel as if these Hamilton County Republicans were my neigh- 
bors. The associations of my early life were with that county, 
and of my student life largely with the city of Cincinnati. You 
did not need to state to me that Ohio supported John Sherman in 
the convention at Chicago [laughter] simply to couple with it the 
suggestion that it was a matter of State pride for you to do so. 
I have known him long and intimately. It was my good fortune 
for four years to sit beside him in the Senate of the United States. 
I learned there to value him as a friend and to honor him as a 
statesman. There were reasons altogether wider than the State of 
Ohio why you should support John Sherman in the convention. 
[Applause and cries of " Good !" " Good !"] His long and faithful 
service to his country and to the Republican party, his distin- 
guished ability, his fidelity as a citizen, all entitled him to your 
faithful support; and I beg to assure you, as I have assured him 
both before and since the convention, that I did not and would 
not, upon any consideration, have made any attempt against him 
upon the Ohio delegation. [Applause.] I have known of your 



50 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

club as an organization that early set the example of perpetuating 
itself an example that I rejoice to see is being largely followed 
now throughout our country. If these principles which are being 
urged by our party in these contests are worthy of our campaign 
enthusiasm and ardor, they are worthy to be thought of and advo- 
cated in the period of inter- campaign. They affect the business 
interests of our country, and their full adoption and perpetuation, , 
we believe, will bring prosperity to all our individual and social 
and community interests. Therefore, I think it wise that in those 
times, when men's minds are more open to conviction and are 
readier of access, you should press upon the attention of your neigh- 
bors through your club organizations these principles to which you 
and I have given the allegiance of our minds and the devotion of 
our hearts. I thank you again for this visit. We are glad that 
you have come ; therefore, I welcome you, not only as Republicans, 
but as friends. [Applause.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 18. 

HOWARD COUNTY sent a delegation of six hundred citi- 
zens this day, led by Major A. N. Grant. The Lincoln 
League Club of Kokomo was commanded by its Presi- 
dent, John E. Moore. Other prominent citizens in the 
delegation were Hon. J. N. Loop, J. A. Kautz, J. E. Vaile, 
John Ingalls, W. E. Blackledge, B. B. Johnson, J. B. Lan- 
den, Dr. James Wright, H. E. McMonigal, Edward 
Klum, Charles Pickett, and A. R. Ellis. Rev. Father Ray- 
burn, a voter in the campaign of 1840, was spokesman. 
General Harrison, in reply, said : 

Father Raybum and my Howard County Friends I think I may 
accept this demonstration as evidence that the action of the Re- 
publican convention at Chicago has been accepted with resigna- 
tion by the Republicans of Howard County. [Loud cheers.] You 
are the favored citizens of a favored county. Your county has 
been conspicuous among the counties of this State for its enter- 
prise and intelligence. You have been favored with a kindly and 
generous soil, cultivated by an intelligent and educated class of 
farmers. Hitherto you have chiefly drawn your wealth from the 
soil. You have had in the city of Kokomo an enterprising and 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 51 

thrifty county town. You have been conspicuous for your interest 
and devotion to the cause of education for your interest in bring- 
ing forward the coming generations well equipped for the duties 
of citizenship. I congratulate you to-day that a new era of pros- 
perity has opened for your county in the discovery of this new 
and free fuel to which Mr. Rayburn has alluded. A source of great 
wealth has been opened to your people. You have already begun 
to realize what it is to your county, though your expectations 
have hardly grasped what it will be when the city of Kokomo and 
your other towns have reached the full development which will 
follow this discovery. You will then all realize the citizens of 
that prosperous place as well as the farmers throughout the county 
the advantage of having a home market for the products of your 
farms. [Cheers.] You may not notice this so much in the appre- 
ciation of the prices of the staple products of your farms, but you 
will notice it in the expansion of the market for those more per- 
ishable products which cannot reach a distant market and must 
be consumed near home. Is it not, then, time for you, as thought- 
ful citizens, whatever your previous political affiliations may have 
been, to consider the question, "What legislation will most pro- 
mote the development of the manufacturing interests of your 
county and enlarge the home market for the products of your 
farm?" I shall not enter upon a discussion of this question; it is 
enough to state it, and leave it to your own intelligent considera- 
tion. [Cheers. ] 

Let me thank you again for this kindly visit, and beg you to 
excuse any more extended remarks, and to give me now an oppor- 
tunity of thanking each of you personally for the kind things 
your chairman has said in your behalf. 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 19. 

ILLINOIS sent three large delegations this date from 
Springfield, Jacksonville and Monticello. Conspicuous in 
the column was the famous " Black Eagle " CluB of Spring- 
field, led by its President, Sam H. Jones, and the Lincoln 
Club, commanded by Capt. John C. Cook 

In the Springfield delegation were twenty-one original 
Whigs who voted for Gen. Wm. Henry Harrison, among 
them Jeriah Bonham, who wrote the first editorial Nov. 



52 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

8, 1858 proposing the candidacy of Abraham Lincoln 
for President. Others among the prominent visitors from 
Springfield were: Col. James T. King, C. A. Vaughan, 
Major James A. Connelly, Paul Selby, Hon. David T. 
Littler, Jacob Wheeler, Gen. Charles W. Pavey, Robert 
J. Oglesby, Ira Knight, C. P. Baldwin, James H. Kellogg, 
Alexander Smith, Geo. Jameson, Augustus C. Avers, 
Jacob Strong, Dr. F. C. Winslow, Fred Smith, Charles T. 
Hawks, Hon. Henry Dement, Col. Theo. Ewert, Jacob 
Bunn, J. C. Matthews, J. R. Stewart, H. W. Beecher, 
Andrew J. Lester, Dr. Gurney, and Howes Yates, brother 
of the great war Governor. 

The Jacksonville visitors were represented by Hon. Fred 
H. Rowe, ex-Mayor Tomlinson, Judge T. B. Orear, J. B. 
Stevenson, Dr. Goodrich, Professor Parr of Illinois College, 
J. W. Davenport, and Thomas Rapp. 

Attorney-General Hunt spoke on behalf of all the vis- 
itors. General Harrison's reply was one of his happiest 
speeches. He said : 

General Hunt and my Illinois Friends I thank you for this cor- 
dial expression of your interest in Republican success. I thank 
you for the kindly terms in which your spokesman has conveyed 
to me the assurance, not only of your political support, but of 
your personal confidence and respect. 

The States of Indiana and Illinois are neighbors, geographically. 
The river that for a portion of its length constitutes the boundary 
between our States is not a river of division. Its tendency seems 
to be, in these times when so many things are "going dry" 
[cheers], rather to obliterate than to enlarge the obstruction 
between us. [Cheers. ] But I rejoice to know that we are not 
only geographically neighbors, but that Indiana and Illinois have 
been neighborly in the high sentiments and purposes which have 
characterized their people. I rejoice to know that the same high 
spirit of loyalty and devotion to the country that characterized the 
State of Illinois in the time when the Nation made its appeal to 
the brave men of all the States to rescue its flag and its Constitu- 
tion from the insurrection which had been raised against them 
was equally characteristic of Indiana that the same great impulse 
swept over your State that swept over ours that Richard Yutes 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 53 

of Illinois [cheers] and Oliver P. Morton of Indiana [prolonged 
cheers] stood together in the fullest sympathy and co-operation in 
the great plans they devised to augment and re -enforce the Union 
armies in the field and to suppress and put down treasonable con- 
spiracies at home. 

As Americans and as Republicans we are glad that Illinois has 
contributed so many and such conspicuous names to that galaxy 
of great Americans and great Republicans whose deeds have been 
\vritten on the scroll of eternal fame. I recall that it was on the 
soil of Illinois that Lovejoy died a martyr to free speech. [Cries 
of "Hear!" "Hear!"] He was the forerunner of Abraham Lin- 
coln. He died, but his protest against human slavery lived. 
Another great epoch in the march of liberty found on the soil of 
Illinois the theatre of its most influential event. I refer to that 
high debate in the presence of your people, but before the world, 
in which Douglas won the senatorship and Lincoln the presidency 
and immortal fame. [Loud cheers.] 

But Lincoln's argument and Lincoln's proclamation must be 
made good upon the battle-field and again your State was con- 
spicuous. You gave us Grant and Logan [prolonged cheers] and 
a multitude of less notable, but not less faithful, soldiers who 
underwrote the proclamation with their swords. [Cheers.] I 
congratulate you to-day that there has come out of this early agi- 
tation out of the work of Lovejoy, the disturber ; out of the great 
debate of 1858, and out of the war for the Union, a Nation with- 
out a slave [cheers] that not the shackles of slavery only have been 
broken, but that the scarcely less cruel shackles, of prejudice which 
bound every black man in the North have also been unbound. 

We are glad to know that the enlightened sentiment of the 
South to-day unites with us in our congratulations that slavery 
has been abolished. They have come to realize, and many of their 
best and greatest men to publicly express, the thought that the aboli- 
tion of slavery has opened a gateway of progress and material de- 
velopment to the South that was forever closed against her people 
while domestic slavery existed. 

We send them the assurance that we desire the streams of their 
prosperity shall flow bank full. We would lay upon their people 
no burdens that we do not willingly bear ourselves. They will not 
think it amiss if I say that the burden which rests willingly upon 
our shoulders is a faithful obedience to the Constitution and the 
laws. A manly assertion by each of his individual rights, and a 
manly concession of equal right to every other man, is the boast 
and the law of good citizenship. 



54 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Let me thank you again and ask you to excuse me from further 
public speech. I now ask an opportunity to meet my Illinois 
friends personally [Loud and prolonged cheers. ] 

The second speech of the day was delivered at 9 o'clock 
at night to an enthusiastic delegation of fifteen hundred 
Republicans from Shelbyville, Shelby County, led by Hon. 
H. C Gordon, J. Walter Elliott, C. H. Campbell, James 
T. Caughey, C. X. Matthews, J. Richey, E. S. Powell, 
E. E. Elliott, L. S. Limpus, Orland Young, and Norris 
Winterowd. Judge J. C. Adams was their spokesman. 
General Harrison touched upon civil service ; he said : 

Judge Adams and my Shelby County Friends This is only a 
new evidence of your old friendliness. My association with the 
Republicans of Shelby County began in 1855, when I was a very 
young man and a still younger politician. In that year, if I 
recollect right, I canvassed every township of your county in the 
interest of Mr. Campbell, who was then a candidate for County 
Clerk. Since then I have frequently visited your county, and have 
always been received with the most demonstrative evidence of your 
friendship. But in addition to these political associations, which 
have given me an opportunity to observe and to admire the stead- 
fastness, the courage, the unflinching faithfulness of the Repub- 
licans of Shelby County [cheers], I have another association with 
your county, which I cherish with great tenderness and affection. 
Two companies of 'the Seventieth Indiana were made up of your 
brave boys : Company B, commanded by Captain Sleeth, and Com- 
pany F, commanded by Captain Endsley, who still lives among 
you. [Cheers.] Many of the surviving members of these com- 
panies still dwell among you. Many others are in the far West, 
and they, too, from their distant homes have sent me a comrade's 
y. greeting. I recollect a little story of Peach Tree Creek that may 
interest you. When the Seventieth Indiana, then under command 
of Col. Sam Merrill, swung up from the reserve into the front line 
to meet the enemy's charge, the adjutant -general of the brigade, 
who had been directed to order the advance, reported that the left of 
the Seventieth Indiana was exposed. He said he had ordered the 
bluff old captain of Company F, who was commanding the left 
wing, to reserve his left in order to cover his flank, but that the 
old hickory had answered him with an expletive which I have no 
doubt he has repented of that he " could not see it, " that he proposed 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. ^ 

that his end of the regiment should get to the top of that hill aa 
quick as the other end. [Prolonged cheers.] 

We will venerate the memory of the dead of these companies and 
their associate companies in other commands who gave up their 
lives in defence of the flag. 

But I turn aside from these matters of personal recollection to 
say a word of more general concern. We are now at the opening 
of a presidential campaign, and I beg to suggest to you, as citi- 
zens of the State of Indiana, that there is always in such campaigns 
a clanger to be avoided, viz. That the citizen may overlook the 
important local and State interests which are also involved in the 
campaign. I beg, therefore, to suggest that you turn your minds 
not only to the consideration of the questions connected with the 
national legislation and national administration, but that you 
think deeply and well of those things that concern our local affairs. 
There are some such now presented to you that have to do with the 
honor and prosperity of the State. 

There are some questions that ought not to divide parties, but 
upon which all good men ought to agree. I speak of only one. 
The great benevolent institutions the fruit of our Christian civil- 
izationendowed by the bounty of the State, maintained by pub- 
lic taxes, and intended for the care and education of the disabled 
classes of our community, ought to be lifted above all party in- 
fluences, benefit or control. [Cheers.] I believe you can do noth- 
ing that will more greatly enhance the estimation in which the 
State of Indiana is held by her sister States than to see to it that a 
suitable, well-regulated, and strict civil service is provided for the 
administration of the benevolent and penal institutions of the State 
of Indiana. I will not talk longer ; I thank you for this magnifi- 
cent evidence that I am still held in kindly regard by the Repub- 
licans of Shelby County, and bid you good-night. [Cheers.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 24. 

ON the twenty-fourth of July Champaign County, Illi- 
nois, contributed a large delegation under the direction of 
Hon. F. K. Robeson, Z. Riley, H. W. Mahan, and W. M. 
Whindley. Their parade was conspicuous for the number 
of log-cabins, cider-barrels, coons, eagles, and other cam- 
paign emblems. 

Prominent members of the delegation were Rev. I. S. 



5G HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Mahan, H. M. Dunlap, F. M. McKay, J. J. McClain, James 
Barnes, Rev. John Henry, H. S. Clark, M. S. Goodrich, A. 
W. McNichols, Capt. J. H. Sands and three veterans of 
1830, the Rev. S. K. Reed, Stephen Freeman, and W. B. 
Downing. Hon. Frank M. Wright delivered the address 
on behalf of the visitors. General Harrison responded : 

My Friends I feel very conscious of the compliment which is 
conveyed by your presence here to day. You come as citizens of an 
adjoining State to manifest, as your spokesman has said, some per 
sonal respect for me, but much more, I think your interest in the 
pending contention of principles before the people of the United 
States. It is fortunate that you are allowed, not only to express 
your interest by such popular gatherings as these, but that you 
will be called upon individually, after the* debate is over, to settle 
this contention by your ballots. An American political canvass, 
when w r e look through the noise and tinsel that accompanies it, 
presents a scene of profound interest to the student of government. 
The theory upon which our Government is builded is that every 
qualified elector shall have an equal influence at the ballot box with 
every other. Our Constitutions do not recognize fractional votes ; 
they do not recognize the right of one man to count one and a half 
in the determination of public questions. It is wisely provided 
that whatever differences may exist in intelligence, in wealth, or 
in any other respect, at the ballot box there shall be absolute 
equality. No interest can be truly subserved, whether local or 
general, by any invasion of this great principle. The wise work 
of our fathers in constructing this Government will stand all tests 
of internal dissension and 'revolution, and all tests of external as- 
sault, if we can only preserve a pure, free ballot. [Applause. ] 
Every citizen who is a patriot ought to lend his influence to that 
end, by promoting necessary reforms in our election laws and by 
a watchful supervision of the processes of pur popular elections. 
We ought to elevate in thought and practice the free suffrage that 
we enjoy. As long as it shall be held by our people to be the jewel 
above price, as long as each for himself shall claim its free exercise 
and shall generously and manfully insist upon an equally free ex 
ercise of it by every other man, our Government will be preserved 
and our development will not find its climax until the purpose of 
God in establishing this Government shall have spread throughout 
the world governments " of the people, by the people, and for the 
people. " [Cheers. ] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 57 

You will not expect, nor would it be proper, that I should follow 
the line of your spokesman's remarks, or even allude to some things 
that he has alluded to ; but I will not close without one word of 
compliment and comradeship for the soldiers of Illinois. [Applause. ] 
I do not forget that many of them, like Logan that fearless and 
first of volunteer soldiers at the beginning of the war were not 
in sympathy with the Republican national administration. You 
had a multitude of soldiers besides Logan, one of whom has been 
immortalized in poetry Sergeant Tillman Joy who put their 
politics by " to keep till the war was through ; " and many, I may 
add, like Logan, when they got home found new party associa- 
tions. But we do not limit our praise of the loyalty and faithful- 
ness of your soldiers to any party lines, for we realize that there 
were good soldiers who did resume their ante -war politics when 
they came back from the army. To such we extend a comrade's 
hand always, and the free and untrammelled exercise of his polit- 
ical choice shall not bar our comradeship. It happened during the 
war that three Illinois regiments were for some time under my 
command I had opportunity to observe their perfection in drill, 
their orderly administration of camp duties, and, above all, the 
brilliant courage with which they met the enemy. And, in compli- 
menting them, I take them as the type of that great army that Illi- 
nois sent out for the preservation of the Union and the Constitution. 
Let me thank you again for your friendly visit to-day ; and if any 
of you desire a nearer acquaintance, I shall be glad to make that 
acquaintance now. 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 25. 

Two thousand visitors from Edgar and Coles counties, 
Illinois, paid their respects to the Republican nominee 
this day. 

The excursion was under the auspices of the John A. 
Logan Club of Paris, Charles P. Fitch, President. There 
were many farmers in the delegation, also eighty-two 
veterans of the campaign of 1840, and the watchwords of 
the day were "Old Tippecanoe and young Tippecanoe." 
The reception took place at University Park, notable from 
this time forward for many similar events. Prominent 
among the visitors were Geo. F. Howard, Capt. F. M. Rude, 



58 HARRISONS SPEECHES. 

J.W. Howell, E. R. Lodge, Capt. J. C. Bessier, M. Hackett, 
James Stewart, and Mayor J. M. Bell of Paris ; C. G. Peck 
and J. H. Clark of Mattoon ; and Hon. John W. Custor of 
Benton. State Senator George E. Bacon delivered the 
congratulatory address. General Harrison replied : 

Senator Bacon and my Illinois Friends Some of my home 
friends have been concerned lest I should be worn out by the fre- 
quent coming of these delegations. I am satisfied from what I see 
before me to-day that the rest of Illinois is here [laughter], and the 
concern of my friends will no longer be excited by the coming of 
Illinois delegations. [A voice, "We are all here!"] That you 
should leave the pursuits of your daily life the farm, the office, and 
the shop to make this journey gives me the most satisfactory evi- 
dence that your hearts are enlisted in this campaign. I am glad 
to welcome here to-day the John A. Logan Club of Paris. You 
have chosen a name that you will not need to drop, whatever 
mutations may come in politics, so long as there shall be a party 
devoted to the flag and to the Constitution, and pledged to preserve 
the memories of the great deeds of those who died that the Consti- 
tution might be preserved and the flag honored. [Applause.] 
General Logan was indeed, as your spokesman has said, " the typ- 
ical volunteer soldier. " With him loyalty was not a sentiment ; it 
was a passion that possessed his whole nature. 

When the civil war broke out no one did more than he to solidify 
the North in defence of the Government. He it was who said that 
all parties and all platforms must be subordinated to the defence of 
the Government against unprovoked assault. [A voice, "That's 
just what he said !"] In the war with Mexico, as a member of the 
First Illinois Regiment, and afterwards as the commander of the 
Thirty-first Illinois in the civil war, he gave a conspicuous ex- 
ample of what an untrained citizen could do in the time of public 
peril. In the early fight at Donelson he, with the First Illinois 
Brigade, successfully resisted the desperate assaults that were made 
upon his line ; twice wounded, he yet refused to leave the field. 
The courage of that gallant brigade called forth from a Massachu- 
setts poet the familiar lines : 

"Thy proudest mother's eyelids fill. 

As dares her gallant boy, 
And Plymouth Rock and Bunker Hill 
Yearn to thee, Illinois." 

[Applause.] He commanded successively brigades, divisions, corps 
and armies, and fought them with unvarying success. I greet these 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 59 

veterans of the campaign of 1840. You recall the pioneer days, the 
log cabin days of the West, the days when muddy highways were 
the only avenues of travel and commerce. You have seen a mar- 
vellous development. The State of your adoption has become a 
mighty commonwealth ; you have seen it crossed and recrossed by 
railroads, bringing all your farms into easy communication with 
distant markets ; you have seen the schoolhouse and church brought 
into every neighborhood ; you have seen this country rocked in the 
cradle of war ; you have seen it emerge from that dreadful trial 
and enter upon an era of prosperity that seems to surpass all that 
had gone before. 

To these young men who will, for the first time this year, take 
part as citizens in determining a presidential election, I suggest 
that you have become members of a party of precious memories. 
There has been nothing in the history of the Republican party, 
nothing in the platform of principles that it has proclaimed, that 
is not calculated to stir the high impulses of your young hearts. 
The Republican party has walked upon high paths. It has set be- 
fore it ever the maintenance of the Union, the honor of its flag, 
and the prosperity of our people. It has been an American party 
[great cheering] in that it has set American interests always to 
the front. 

My friends of the colored organization, I greet you as Republi- 
cans to-day. I recall the time when you were disfranchised ; when 
your race were slaves ; when the doors of our institutions of learn- 
ing were closed against you, and even admittance to many of our 
Northern States was denied you. You have read the story of your 
disfranchisement, of the restoration to you of the common rights 
of men. Read it again ; read the story of the bitter and bigoted 
opposition that every statute and constitutional amendment framed 
for your benefit encountered. What party befriended you when 
you needed friends? What party has stood always as an obstruc- 
tion to the development and enlargement of your rights as citizens? 
When you have studied these questions well you will be able to 
determine not only where your gratitude is due, but where the 
hopes of your race lie. [Cheers. ] 



60 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 26. 

FROM Clay County, Indiana, came three thousand coal- 
miners and others, this day, under the auspices of the 
Harrison Miners' Club of Brazil. Their parade, with 
dozens of unique banners and devices, was one of the most 
imposing of the campaign. Prominent in the delegation 
were Dr. Joseph C. Gifford, L. A. Wolfe, Jacob Herr, P. 
H. Penna, John F. Perry, C. P. Eppert, E. C. CaUihan, W. 
H. Lowery, Rev. John Cox, A. F. Bridges, William Sporr, 
Carl Thomas, Geo. F. Fuller, John Gibbons, Sam'l Blair, 
Thomas Washington, and Judge Coffey of Brazil. Major 
William Carter and Edward Wilton, a miner, delivered 
addresses ; Rob't L. McCowan spoke for the colored mem- 
bers of the delegation. General Harrison, in response, said : 

Gentlemen and Friends from Clay County I thank you for this 
enthusiastic demonstration of your interest. I am glad to be as- 
sured by those who have spoken for you to day that you have 
brought here, and desire to evidence, some personal respect for 
me ; but this demonstration has relation, I am sure, rather to prin- 
ciples than to men. You come as representatives of the diversified 
interests of your county. You are fortunate in already possessing 
diversified industries. You have not only agriculture, but the 
mine and factory which provide a home market for the products 
of your farms. You come here, as I understand, from all these 
pursuits, to declare that in your opinion your interests, as farmers, 
as miners, as mechanics, as tradesmen, are identified with the 
maintenance of the doctrine of protection to American industries, 
and the preservation of the American market for American prod- 
ucts. [Cheers.] Some resort to statistics to show that the con- 
dition of the American workman is better than that of the work- 
man of any other country. I do not care now to deal with statistics. 
One fact is enougli for me. The tide of emigration from all Euro- 
pean countries has been and is towards our slwres. The gates of 
Castle Garden swing inward. They do not swing outward to any 
American laborer seeking a better country than this. [Cries of 
" Never ! "] 

My countrymen, these men, who have toiled at wages in other 
lands that barely sustained life, and opened no avenue of promise 
to them or to their children, know the good land of hope as well as 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. Gl 

the swallow knows the land of summer. [Applause. J They testify 
that here there are better conditions, wider and more hopeful pros- 
pects for workmen than in any other land. The next suggestion 
I have to make is this . that the more work there is to do in this 
country the higher the wages that will be paid for the doing of it. 
[Applause. ] I speak to men who know that when the product of 
their toil is in demand in the market, when buyers are seeking it, 
wages advance ; but when the market for your products is depressed, 
and the manufacturer is begging for buyers, then wages go down. 
Is it not clear, then, that that policy which secures the largest 
amount of work to be done at home is the policy which will secure 
to laboring men steady employment and the best wages? [Cheers 
and cries of "That is right !"] A policy which will transfer work 
from our mines and our factories to foreign mines and foreign 
factories inevitably tends to the depression of wages here. [Ap- 
plause and cries of "That i& true!"] These are truths that do 
not require profound study. 

Having here a land that throws about the workingman social 
and political conditions more favorable than are found elsewhere, 
if we can preserve also more favorable industrial conditions we 
shall secure the highest interests of our working classes. [Great 
cheering.] What, after all, is the best evidence of a nation's pros- 
perity, and the best guarantee of social order, if it is not an 
intelligent, thrifty, contented working class? Can we look for 
contentment if the workman is only able to supply his daily neces- 
sities by his daily toil, but is not able in the vigor of youth to lay 
up a store against old age? A condition of things that compels 
the laborer to contemplate want, as an incident of sickness or dis- 
ability, is one that tends to social disorder. [Applause and cries 
of "That is so!"] You are called upon now to consider these 
problems. I will not debate them in detail , others will. I can 
only commend them to your thoughtful consideration. Think upon, 
them ; conclude for yourselves what policy as to our tariff legisla- 
tion will best subserve your interests, the interests of your families, 
and the greatness and glory of the Nation of which you are citi- 
zens. [Cheers. ] 

My colored friends who are here to-day, the emancipation of the 
slave removed from our country that which tended to degrade labor. 
All men are now free ; you are thrown upon your own resources ; 
the avenues of intelligence and of business success are open to all. 
I notice that the party to which we belong has been recently re- 
proached by the suggestion that we have not thoroughly protected 
the colored man in the South. This has been urged as a reason 



62 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

why the colored people should join the Democratic party. I beg 
the gentlemen who urge that plea to answer this question Against 
whom is it that the Republican party has been unable, as you say, 
to protect your race? [Applause and cries of "Good! Good!"] 
Thanking you again for this demonstration and for your friendly 
expressions, I will, if it be your pleasure, drop this formal method 
of communication and take my Clay County friends by the hand. 
[Great cheering, j 

The Clay County miners had not concluded their recep- 
tion before a delegation of several hundred arrived from 
Bloomington, Illinois, headed by the John A. Logan Club, 
under the lead of General Geo. F. Dick, "W illiam Maddox, 
John A. Fullwiller, M. B. Herr, and Dr. F. C. Vandervoort. 
Their orator was Dr. W. H. H. Adams, formerly Presi- 
dent of the Illinois Wesleyan University. General Har- 
rison, replying, said: 

My Bloomington Friends When I received here, yesterday, a 
very large delegation from Illinois, I expressed the opinion that they 
must be the "rest of the people of Illinois that had not been here be- 
fore. " I suppose you are a remnant that could not get into line yester- 
day. I thank you as I have thanked those who preceded you, for the 
interest which the people of your State have manifested, and for your 
cordial fellowship with Indiana. I will not discuss the issues of the 
campaign. You have already thought upon the platforms of the 
two parties. Some of you have perhaps taken your politics by in- 
heritance. It is now a good time to review the situation. We 
have the same interests as citizens. Let us all consider the history 
and declarations of the great parties and thoughtfully conclude 
which is more likely to promote the general interests of our people. 
That is the test. The British I arliament does not legislate with a 
view to advance the interests of the people of the United States. 
[Cries of "No, never !"] They rightly have in view the interest 
of that empire over which Victoria reigns. Should we not, also, 
as Americans, in our legislation, consider first the interests of our 
people? We invite the thoughtful attention of those who have 
hitherto differed with us as to these questions. Our interests are 
bound together. That which promotes the prosperitj r of the com- 
munity in which you dwell in kindly association with your Demo- 
cratic friends promotes your interests and theirs alike. Thanking 
you for this visit, I will ask you to excuse me from further speech. 
[Applause. J 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 63 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 27. 

KOSCIUSKO COUNTY, Indiana, contributed two thousand 
visitors on the twenty-seventh of July, under the leadership 
of Capt. C. W. Chapman, James H. Cisney, Reub. Will- 
iams, Louis Ripple, J. E Stevenson, Wm. B. Wood, T. 
Loveday, John Wynant, Charles Adams, Nelson Richhart, 
Captain A. S. Miller, Clinton Lowe, P. L. Runyon, James 
A. Cook, Frank McGee, and John Burbaker, all of War- 
saw. Judge H. S. Biggs made the presentation address. 
General Harrison replied as follows : 

Mr. Biggs and my Koscinsko County Friends I did not need to 
be assured of the friendliness of the Republicans of your county. 
It has been evidenced too many times in the past. Before the 
convention at Chicago the Republicans of your county gave me the 
assurance that my nomination would meet the cordial approbation 
of your people I am glad to welcome you here to day, and regret 
that your journey hither has been so tedious. You are proud of 
the State in which you dwell ; proud of her institutions of learn- 
ing ; proud of her great benevolent institutions, which I notice by 
one of these banners you have pledged yourselves to protect from 
party spoliation and degradation. [Applause and cries of "Good ! 
Good!"] But while we have much that is cause for congratulation, 
we are not enjoying that full equality of civil rights in the State of 
Indiana to which we are entitled. 

Our Government is a representative government Delegates in 
Congress and members of our State Senate and House of Represent- 
atives are apportioned to districts , and the National and State Con- 
stitutions contemplate that these districts shall be equal, so that, as 
far as possible, each citizen shall have, in his district, the same po- 
tency in choosing a Member of Congress or of our State Legislature 
as is exercised by a voter in any other district. We do not to-day 
have that condition of things. The apportionment of our State for 
legislative and congressional purposes is unfair, and is known to be 
unfair to all men. No candid Democrat can defend it as a fair 
apportionment It was framed to be unequal , it was designed to 
give to the citizens of favored districts an undue influence. It was 
intended to discriminate against Republicans. It is not right that 
it should be so I hope the time is coming, and has even now 
arrived, when the great sense of justice which possesses our people 



64 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

will teach men of all parties that party success is not to be pro- 
moted at the expense of an injustice to any of our citizens. [Ap- 
plause.] These things take hold of government. If we would 
maintain that respect for the law which is necessary to social order, 
our people must understand that each voter lias his full and equal 
influence in determining what the law shall be. I hope this ques- 
tion will not be forgotten by our people until we have secured in 
Indiana a fair apportionment for legislative and congressional pur- 
poses. [Cheers. ] When the Republicans shall secure the power of 
making an apportionment, I hope and believe that the experiment 
of seeking a party advantage by a public injustice will not be 
repeated. [Great applause and cries of "Good ! Good !"] 

There are some other questions affecting suffrage, too, to which 
my attention has, from circumstances, been particularly attracted. 
There are in the Northwest several Territories organized under 
public law with defined boundaries. They have been filled up with 
the elect of our citizens the brave, the enterprising and intelligent 
young men from all the States. Many of the veterans of the late 
war have sought under our beneficent homestead law new homes 
in the West. Several of these Territories have been for years pos- 
sessed of population, wealth, and all the requisites for admission 
as States. When the Territory of Indiana took the census which 
was the basis for its petition for admission to the Union we had 
less than 64, 000 people ? we had only thirteen organized counties. 
In the Territory of South Dakota there are nearly half a million 
people. For years they have been knocking for admission to the 
sisterhood of States. 

They are possessed of all the elements of an organized and stable 
community. It has more people, more miles of railroad, more post- 
offices, more churches, more banks, more wealth, than any Territory 
ever possessed when it was admitted to the Union. It surpasses 
some of the States in these particulars. Four years ago, when a 
President was to be chosen, the Committee on Territories in the 
Senate, to meet the objection of our Democratic friends that the 
admission of Dakota would add a disturbing element to the Elec- 
toral College, provided in the Dakota bill that its organization 
should be postponed until after the election ; now four years more 
have rolled around, and our people are called again to take part 
in a presidential election, and the intelligent and patriotic Dakota 
people are again to be deprived of any participation. I ask you 
why this is so? Is not the answer obvious? [Cries of "Yes!"] 
They are disfranchised and deprived of their appropriate influence 
in the Electoral College only because the prevailing sentiment in 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 65 

the Territory is Republican. [Cries of "That's right!" "That's the 
reason !"] The cause of Washington Territory is more recent but 
no less flagrant. If we appropriately express sympathy with the 
cause of Irish home rule, shall we not also demand home rule for 
Dakota and Washington, and insist that their disfranchisement 
shall not be prolonged? [Applause.] There is a sense of justice, of 
fairness, that will assert itself against these attempts to coin party 
advantage out of public wrong. The day when men can be dis- 
franchised or shorn of their political power for opinion's sake must 
have an end in our country. [Cheers. ] I thank you again for 
your call, and if you will observe the arrangement which has been 
suggested I will be glad to take each of you by the hand. I know 
that some of you are fasting, and therefore we will shorten these 
exercises in order that you may obtain needed refreshments. 
[Cheers.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 28. 

JENNINGS COUNTY, Indiana, was represented on the 
above date by a large delegation under the auspices of the 
Harrison and Morton Clubs of Vernon and North Yernon. 
The leaders of their delegation were Fred H. Nauer, J. 
C. Cope, C. E. Wagner, W. G. Norris, Dr. T. C. Bachelder, 
T. A. Pearce, P. C. McGannon, and Prof. Amos Saunders. 
Hon. Frank E. Little, President of the North Yernon 
Club, delivered the address. General Harrison, in re- 
sponse, said: 

My Friends It is a source of regret to me that I can do so little 
to compensate those who take the trouble to visit me. I need 
hardly say to you that I very highly appreciate this evidence of 
your friendliness and also the kind words which you have addressed 
to me through your representative. Jennings County has a history 
of which it may well be proud. It has contributed to the city of 
Indianapolis some of our most distinguished and useful men. 
Your spokesman has not exaggerated the fidelity and steadfastness 
of the people of your county. Your republicanism has been as 
straight as the walls of your cliffs [applause] and as solid as the 
limestone with which your hills are buttressed. [Applause. ] 

You have said to me that you are in favor of a free and equal 
ballot the country over. We are so related in our Government 
5 



66 HARRISON S SPEECHES. 

that any disturbance of the suffrage anywhere directly affects us 
all Our Members of Congress pass upon questions that are as wide 
as the domain over which our flag floats. Therefore, our interest 
in the choice of these representatives is not limited to our own 
districts. If the debate upon public questions is to be of value 
the voter must be free to register his conclusion. The tribunal 
which is to pronounce upon the argument must not be coerced. 

You have said to me that you favor the doctrine of protection. 
The Republican party stands for the principles of protection. We 
believe in the preservation of the American market for our Amer- 
ican producers and workmen. [Applause and cries of " That's it !"] 
We believe that the development of home manufactures tends 
directly to promote the interest of agriculture by furnishing a 
home market for the products of the farm, and thus emancipating 
our farmers from the transportation charges which they must pay 
when their products seek distant markets. [Applause.] 

W"e are confronted now with a Treasury surplus. Our position 
is exceptional. We are not seeking, as many other nations are, 
new subjects of taxation, new sources of revenue. Our quest is 
now how, wisely, to reduce our national revenue. The attempt 
has been made to use this surplus as a lever to overturn the protec- 
tive system. The promoters of this scheme, while professing a 
desire to diminish the surplus, have acted as if their purpose was 
to increase it in part by opposing necessary and legitimate appro- 
priations. I agree that there is danger that a surplus may promote 
extravagance, but I do not find myself in sympathy with that 
policy that denies the appropriation necessary for the proper de- 
fence of our people, and for the convenient administration of our 
public affairs throughout the country, in order that the threat of a 
surplus may be used for a sinister purpose. I believe that in re- 
ducing our revenues to the level of our needful and proper expen- 
ditures we can and should continue to favor and protect our 
industries. I do not like to entrust this work to those who declare 
protective duties to be vicious " legalized robbery. " The Republican 
party has by its legislation shown its capacity wisely to reduce our 
revenues and at the same time to preserve the American system. 
[Applause. ] It can be trusted to do the work that remains, and to 
do it wisely. [Applause.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 67 



INDIANAPOLIS, JULY 31. 

THE last delegation in July came from Henry County, 
Indiana, two thousand strong, headed by C. S. Hernley, 
W. H. Elliott, Hon. Eugene Bundy, Judge Mark E. Fork- 
ner, A. Abernathy, A. D. Osborn, O. P. M. Hubbard, David 
Luellen, O. B. Mooney, and Captain Armstrong, all of 
New Castle. Gen. William H. Grose was their orator. 

In his response General Harrison at this early day out- 
lined his views upon reciprocal trade relations with South 
American nations views which were afterwards success- 
fully, and with great profit to our people, put into effect 
through the celebrated reciprocity treaties with Brazil, 
Venezuela and other countries. 

Repeated outbursts of enthusiasm punctured his address. 
He said : 

Comrade Grose and my Henry County Friends If \ve have here 
any discouraged statesman who takes a despondent view of the 
future of the country, I think he would recover his hopefulness if 
he could look, once in awhile, into the face of an audience like this. 
[Applause. ] 

You came from a county that has been a bulwark of republi- 
canism since the party was organized. You had an early element 
in your population that has done much to promote your material 
interests, and, much more, to lift up those principles that relate 
to the purity of the home and to the freedom of men. The Friends, 
who have been and are so large and so influential an element in 
your population and in the counties surrounding it, are a people 
notable for the purity of their home life and for their broad and 
loving sympathy with all men. They were the early enemies of 
slavery, and they have always naturally been the strength of the 
Republican party in the community where they reside. Your 
spokesman has expressed your continued interest in the party to 
which some of you gave the confidence of your matured powers 
and some of you the early devotion of your youth. The Repub- 
lican party has accomplished for the country a great work in the 
brief period of its life. It preserved the Nation by a wise, cour- 
ageous and patriotic administration. What that means for you 
and your posterity, what it means for the world, no man can tell. 



fi8 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

It would have been a climax of disaster for the world if this Gov- 
ernment of the people had perished. The one unsolved experiment 
of free government was solved. We have demonstrated the ca- 
pacity of the people and a citizen soldiery to maintain inviolate 
the unity of the Republic. [Applause. ] 

There remain now, fortunately, chiefly economic questions to 
be thought of and to be settled. We refer to the great war, not 
in any spirit of hostility to any section or any class of men, but 
only because we believe it to be good for the whole country that 
loyalty and fidelity to the flag should be honored. [Great applause. ] 
It was one of the great triumphs of the war, a particular in 
which our war was distinguished from all other wars of history, 
that we brought the vanquished into the same full, equal citizenship 
under the law that we maintained for ourselves. 

In all the addresses which have been made to me there has been 
some reference to the great question of the protection of our Ameri- 
can industries. I see it upon the banners which you carry. Our 
party stands unequivocally, without evasion or qualification, for 
the doctrine that the American market shall be preserved for our 
American producers. [Great applause. ] We are not attracted by 
the suggestion that we should surrender to foreign producers the 
best market in the world. Our sixty millions of people are the best 
buyers in the world, and they are such because our working classes 
receive the best wages. But we do not mean to be content with our 
own market. We should seek to promote closer and more friendly 
commercial relations with the Central and South American States. 
[Applause.] And what is essential to that end? Regular mails 
are the first condition of commerce. 

The merchant must know when his order will be received, and 
when his consignment will be returned, or there can be no trade 
between distant communities. What we need, therefore, is the 
establishment of American steamship lines between our ports and 
the ports of Central and South America. [Applause.] Then it 
will no longer be necessary that an American minister, commis- 
sioned to an American State, shall take an English ship to Liver- 
pool to find another English ship to carry him to his destination. 
We are not to be frightened by the use of that ugly \vord "subsidy." 
[Laughter.] We should pay to American steamship lines a liberal 
compensation for carrying our mails, instead of turning them over 
to British tramp steamships. [Applause.] We do not desire to 
dominate these neighboring governments ; we do not desire to deal 
with them in any spirit of aggression. We desire those friendly 
political, mental, and commercial relations which shall promote 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 09 

ttieir interests equally icitlt ours. We should not longer forego 
those commercial relations and advantages which our geographical 
relations suggest and make so desirable. If you will excuse me 
from further public speech I will be glad to take by the hand my 
Henry County friends. [Cheers. ] 

Mr. Harrison arrived home after the Henry County 
reception in University Park in time to welcome his 
guest, Gen. R. A. Alger of Michigan, the distinguished 
gentlemen meeting for the first time. In the afternoon 
several hundred of the Henry County visitors, escorted 
by the local clubs, marched to the Harrison residence to 
pay their respects to General Alger. 

In introducing his guest General Harrison said : 

My Fellow-citizens I have had the pleasure to day to receive 
in my own home a distinguished citizen of a neighboring State ; 
distinguished not only for his relation to the civil administration 
of affairs in his State, but also as one of those conspicuous 
soldiers contributed by Michigan to the armies of the Union when 
our national life was in peril. I am sure you will be glad to make 
broader the welcome I have given him, and to show him that he 
has a warm place in the affections of our Indiana people. Let me 
present to you General Alger of Michigan. [Prolonged applause.] 

General Alger responded as follows : 

Gentlemen I thank you very much for this cordial greeting. I 
thank you very kindly, General Harrison, for the pleasant words 
you have said of me personally. I wish to say as you would 
know if you lived in Michigan that I am not a speechmaker. I 
composed a few speeches some weeks ago, and General Harrison 
has been delivering them evei since. [Laughter.] After reading 
his speeches carefully, each one of them a gem of concentrated 
thought, I have made up my mind that the Chicago Convention made 
no mistake. [Applause.] We have not held any post- mortem in 
our State, We are glad that we have such a gallant candidate, a 
man in whose composition no flaw can be found, in whose life no 
act or word can be adversely criticised. We are as proud in Mich- 
igan of your candidate who is our candidate also as we could 
possibly be were any other man in the universe named. We are 
all Harrison men in Michigan now ; and the place he has in our 
hearts is just as warm as though he lived within our own borders. 
[Applause. ] You Hoosiers have no patent upon this. [Applause. ] 



TO HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

The people of the United States have a great crisis before them. 
The question as to the life and prosperity of our industrial insti- 
tutions is at stake. We have, as we have always had, since this 
country was worth caring for, the opposition of the English 
Government. 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 1. 

THE month of August opened with two thousand visitors 
from Morgan and Brown counties, including thirty sur- 
vivors of General Harrison's former regiment. The 
several clubs comprising the Brown County delegation were 
led by Norman J. Roberts, Leander Woods, Wm. Griffin, 
E. D. Turner, and C. W. Mackenzie of Nashville. 

Prominent in the Morgan County detachment were W. 
W. Kennedy, W. C. Banta, John Hardwick, M. G. Branch, 
David Wilson, H. C Hodges, R. C. Griffitt, J. G. Bain, 
John S. Newby, J. G. Kennedy, U. M. Hinson, Merwin 
Rowe, Hon. J. H. Jordan, H. R. Butler, W. C. Barnett, 
John C. Comer, Geo. Mitchell, and J. I. Hilton of Martins- 
ville. Hon. G. A. Adams spoke for the visitors. 

General Harrison, responding, said : 

Mr, Adams and my Morgan and Brown County Friends In pre- 
vious campaigns I have not put you to the trouble to come and see 
me. My habit has been to go to you, and it has been my pleasure often 
to discuss before you the issues" that were involved in our cam- 
paigns. The limitations which are upon me now prevent me from 
following this old habit, and put you, who desire to see me, to the 
trouble of coming here. My associations with the county of Morgan 
have been very close. Among its citizens are some of my most 
devoted personal and political friends. There are also in your 
county a large number of my comrades, to whom I am bound by the 
very close ties that must always unite those who marched under 
the same regimental banner. Your county furnished two com- 
panies for the Seventieth Indiana brave, true men, commanded 
by intelligent and capable officers, and having in the ranks of both 
companies men as capable of command as any who wore shoulder- 
straps in the regiment. These men, together with their comrades 
of the Thirty-third and other regiments that were recruited in 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 71 

your county, went into the service from very high motives. They 
heard the call of their* country, saying : ' k He that loveth father or 
mother or wife or child -or houses or lands more than me is not 
worthy of me,' 1 and they were found worthy by this supreme test. 
Many of you were so careless of a money recompense for the service 
you offered and gave that when you lifted your hands and swore 
to protect and defend the Constitution and the flag you didn't even 
know what your pay was to be. [Cries of "That's so !''] If there 
was any carefulness or thought in that direction it was only that 
the necessary provision might be made for those you left at home. 
No sordid impulse, no low emotion, called you to the field. 
[Applause. ] In remembering all the pa inful ways in which you 
walked, ways of toil, and suffering, and sickness, and dying, to 
emerge into the glorious sunlight of that great day at Washington, we 
must not forget that in the homes you left there were also sacri- 
fices and sufferings. Anxiety dwelt perpetually with those you 
left behind. We remember gratefully the sacrifices and sufferings 
of the fathers and mothers who sent you to the field, and, much 
more, of the wives who bravely gave up to the country the most 
cherished objects of their love. And now peace has come ; no 
hand is lifted against the flag ; the Constitution is again supreme 
and the Nation one. My countrymen, it is no time now to use an 
apothecary's scale to weigh the rewards of the men who saved the 
country. [Applause.] 

If you will pardon me I will not further follow the line of re- 
marks suggested by the kind words you have addressed to me 
through your representative. I notice the limitation which your 
spokesman has put upon you, but I beg to assure him and you that 
I am not so worn that I have not the strength to greet any of you 
who may desire to greet me. [Great applause. J 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 3. 

ON the third of August, with the mercury registering 
ninety-nine degrees, thirty-five hundred visitors arrived 
from Montgomery and Clinton counties, Indiana. Their 
parade, carrying miniature log-cabins and other emblems, 
was one of the most enthusiastic demonstrations of the 
campaign. Fifty voters of 1840 headed the column led by 
Major D. K. Price, aged 92. The Montgomery County 



72 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

delegation was marshalled by John H. Burford, W. W. 
Thornton, T. H. B. McCain, John S." Brown, E. P. Mc- 
Clarkey, John Johnson, J. R. Bonnell, D. W. Roundtree, 
T. H. Ristine, H. M. Billingsley, Dumont Kennedy, and 
Clerk Hulett of Crawfordsville. Their spokesman was 
Hon. Peter S. Kennedy. 

Among the Clinton County leaders were Albert H. Coble, 
Edward R. Burns, A. T. Dennis, Wm. H. Staley, R. P. 
Shanklin, S. A. Coulton, J. W. Harrison, J. T. Hockman, 
Nicholas Rice, Ambrose Colby, Oliver Hedgecock, and 
Dr. Gard of Frankfort. Judge J. C. Suit was their orator. 

In reply to their addresses General Harrison said : 

My Fellow -citizens These daily and increasing delegations com- 
ing to witness their interest in the great issues which are pre- 
sented for their consideration and determination, and bearing as 
they do to me their kind personal greetings, quite overmatch my 
ability to fittingly greet and respond to them. 

You are here from every walk in life. Some of you have achieved 
success in the mechanical arts, some in professional pursuits, and 
more of you come from that first great pursuit of man the tilling 
of the soil and you come to express the thought that you have 
common interests ; that these diverse pursuits are bound together 
harmoniously in a common governmental policy and administra- 
tion. Your interests have had a harmonious and an amazing 
growth under that protective system to which your representatives 
have referred, and you wisely demand a continuation of that policy 
for their further advancement and development. [Applause. ] You 
are in large part members of the Republican party. You have in 
the past contributed your personal influence, as well as your ballots, 
to the great victories which it lias won. Among the great achieve- 
ments of our party I think we may worthily mention the passage 
of that beneficent act of legislation known as the " homestead law. " 
It was impossible to the old parties. It was possible only to a 
party composed of the sturdy yeomanry of the free States. [Ap- 
plause.] It has populated our Territories and newer States with 
the elect of our citizenship. It opened a way to an ownership of 
the soil to a vast number of our citizens, and there is no surer 
bond in the direction of good citizenship than that our people 
should have property in the soil upon which they live. It is one 
of the best elements of our strength as a State that our farm- lands 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 73 

are so largely possessed in small tracts, and are tilled by the men 
who own them. It is one of the best evidences of the prosperity 
of our cities that so large a proportion of the men who work are 
covered by their own roof trees. If we would perpetuate this 
condition, we must maintain the American scale of wages. 
[Applause.] The policy of the subdivision of the soil is one that 
tends to strengthen our national life. God grant that it may be 
long before we have in this country a tenantry that is hopelessly 
such from one generation to another. [Applause. ] That condition 
of things which makes Ireland a land of tenants, and which holds 
in vast estates the lands of England, must never rind footing here. 
[Applause.] Small farms invite the church and the school-house 
into the neighborhood. Therefore, it was in the beginning the 
Republican party declared for free homes of a quarter-section each. 
That policy should be perpetuated as long as our public domain 
lasts, and all our legislation should tend in the direction which I 
have indicated. I cannot discuss all the important questions 
to which you have called my attention. I have before alluded to 
some of them. My Montgomery and Clinton county friends, I 
thank you for the cordial and hopeful words you have addressed to 
me. My highest ambition is to be found worthy of your respect 
and confidence. [Applause.] 

To these veterans of 1840 W T !IO kindly transfer to this the interest 
they felt in that campaign, to these first voters who come to join 
us with the high impulses of youth, I desire to extend my sincere 
thanks. [Applause.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 4. 

THE most remarkable night demonstration of the cam- 
paign occurred August 4, the occasion being the visit of 
the Harrison and Morton Eailroad Club of Terre Haute, 
a thousand strong. They were met by twelve hundred 
members of the Indianapolis Railroad Club, and, escorted 
by several thousand citizens, marched to the Harrison resi- 
dence. 

At the head of the column rolled the model of a monster 
locomotive, emitting fire and smoke and bearing the sig- 
nificant number 544. Hundreds of stores and residences 
along the line of march were illuminated. 



74 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

At the head of the visiting club marched its officers: 
President, D. T. Downs; Secretary, Chas. E. Carter; Treas- 
urer, Beirj. McKeen; and Vice-Presidents, R. B. Woolsey, 
J. L. Pringle, J. N. Evanhart, E. G. South, L. M. Murphy, 
H. M. Kearns, George Leckert, and W. H. Miller. 

President Downs delivered an address and presented an 
engrossed copy of the club roster. General Harrison spoke 
from a stand in front of his residence, and said : 

Mr. Downs, Gentlemen of the Terre Haute Railroad Club, and 
Fellow citizens I am amazed and gratified at the character of 
this demonstration to-night. I do not find words to express the 
emotions which swell in my heart as I look into your faces and 
listen to the kindly greetings which you have given me through 
your representative. He has not spoken in too high praise of the 
railroad men of the United States. The character of the duties they 
are called to discharge require great intelligence, in many depart- 
ments the best skill in the highest mechanic arts, and in all, even 
in the lowest grade of labor in connection with railroad manage- 
ment, there is required, for the safety of the public who entrust 
themselves to your care, fidelity and watchfulness, not only in the 
day, but in the darkness. The man who- attends the switch, the 
trackman who observes the condition of the track all these have 
put into their charge and keeping the lives of men and women 
and the safety of our commerce. Therefore it is that the exigencies 
of the service in which you are engaged have operated to select and 
call into the service of our great railroad corporations a picked 
body of men. I gratefully acknowledge to-night the service you 
render to the country of which I am a citizen. The great impor- 
tance of the enterprises with which you are connected have already 
suggested to our legislators that they owe duties to you as well 
as to the travelling and mercantile public. The Congress of the 
United States has, under that provision of the Constitution which 
commits to its care all foreign and interstate commerce, undertaken 
to regulate the great interstate railroads in the interest of equal and 
fair competition and in the equal interest of all members of our 
communities. I do not doubt that certain and necessary provisions 
for the safety of the men who operate these roads will yet be made 
compulsory by public and general law. [Applause.] The dangers 
connected with your calling are very great, and the public interest, 
as well as your own, requires that they should be reduced to the 
minimum. I do not doubt that we shall yet require that uniformity 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 75 

in the construction of railroad cars that will diminish the danger 
of those who must pass between them in order to make up trains, 
[Applause. ] I do not doubt, either, that as these corporations are 
not private corporations, but are recognized by the law to which I 
have referred and by the uniform decisions of our courts as having 
public relations, we shall yet see legislation in the direction of 
providing some suitable tribunal of arbitration for the settlement of 
differences between railroad men and the companies that engage 
their services. [Great applause. ] I believe that in these directions, 
and others that I have not time to suggest, reforms will work them- 
selves out, with exact justice to the companies and with justice to 
the men they employ. Because, my friends, I do not doubt and I 
hope you will never allow yourselves to doubt that the great mass 
of our people, of .all vocations and callings, love justice and right 
and hate oppression. [Applause.] The laboring men of this land 
may safely trust every just reform in which they are interested to 
public discussion and to the logic of reason ; they may surely hope, 
upon these lines, which are open to you by the ballot-box, to ac- 
complish under our American institutions all those right things 
you have conceived as necessary to your highest success and well- 
being. Do not allow yourselves to doubt, for one moment, the 
friendly sentiment of the great masses of our people. Make your 
appeal wisely, and calmly, and boldly, for every reform you 
desire, to that sentiment of justice which pervades our American 
public. [Applause. ] 

You come to-night from one of our most beautiful Indiana cities. 
It was built on the Wabash in the expectation that that stream 
would furnish the channel of its communication with the outside 
world. But the Wabash is a small tributary to-day to the com- 
merce of Terre Haute. The railroads that span it are the great 
vehicles of your commerce. They have largely superseded the 
water communication that was deemed so important in the first 
settlement, and, perhaps, was so decisive in the location of your 
city. Terre Haute is conspicuous for its industries. The smoke of 
your factories goes up night and day. The farms about your city 
have become gardens, and the cordial and harmonious relations 
between the railroad shop and the factory and the farms that lie 
about have a conspicuous illustration with you. You have found 
that that policy which built up these shops, which maintains them, 
which secures the largest output yearly from the factories, which 
gives employment to the largest number of men, is the best thing 
not only for the railroads that do the transportation, but for the 
workingmen, who iind steady employment at good wages, and for 



76 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

the farmers, who supply their needs. [Applause. ] You will not 
willingly be led to believe that any policy that would check the 
progress and the prosperity of these enterprises is good for you or for 
the community in which you live. [Applause and cries of "No, 
never !"] It will be hard to convince such an intelligent body of 
workingmen that a policy which would transfer from this country 
to any other the work that might be done here is good for them. 
[Applause. ] It can easily be demonstrated that if our revenue laws 
were so adjusted that the imports from Great Britain should be 
doubled it would be good for the workingmen of England, but I 
think it would be hard to demonstrate that it would be good for 
the workingmen of America. [Applause. ] There is a wise selfish- 
ness ; it begins at home, and he who has the care of his own fam- 
ily first, of the community in which he lives, of the nation of which 
he is a citizen, is wise in his generation. 

Now, my friends, I have been daily talking. I used to be 
thought by my friends to be a reticent man. [Laughter.] I fear 
I am making an impression that I am garrulous. [Cries of "No! 
No !"] And yet, when friends such as you take the trouble you 
have to-night to visit me, I feel that I owe it to you to say some- 
thing. 

Now, thanking you for this roster, which will furnish authentic 
evidence, if it is challenged, that this visit to-night has been from 
genuine railroad men [applause] , I venture to invite my Terre Haute 
friends to enter my house. 1 will ask the citizens of Indianapolis, 
the escort club of my own home, railroad friends who have done 
so much to make your coming here to-night pleasant, to kindly 
refrain themselves, and allow me to greet the visitors. In order 
that that may be accomplished, I will ask some of my Terre Haute 
friends to place themselves by the door, that I may meet those who 
are of their company. The others I have seen, or will see some 
other day. 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 6. 

MONDAY, August G, General Harrison received a visit 
from one hundred members of the Kansas City Elaine 
Club, accompanied by many ladies, en route to New York 
to welcome the Maine statesman on his return from Europe. 
Col. R. H. Hunt led the club, and delivered a stirring 
address on behalf of the Republicans of Missouri. On con- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 77 

eluding he introduced Miss Abbie Burgess, who presented 
the General a beautiful badge inscribed " The Kansas City 
Elaine Club Greet Their Next President." Miss Burgess 
made the presentation in the name of the working- women 
of America. 

General Harrison responded briefly to these addresses, 
stating that he found he had been talking a great deal of 
late; "but," he added, "I never begin it; some one else 
always starts it." He returned his cordial thanks to the 
visitors for the compliment of their call. 

Speaking of the trip which the visitors were making, he 
commended its purpose in meeting upon his return to 
America " that matchless defender of Republican princi- 
ples James G. Blaine. " He felt sure that no circumstance 
would be omitted in doing him merited honor. He was 
glad to know that the Republicans of Missouri are so zealous 
and aggressive. He believed that they had, perhaps, too 
much acquiesced in the majorities against them, and had 
not offered such resistance as would prove their own 
strength. In the coming canvass he thought the economic 
questions at issue ought to work to the interest of Repub- 
licans in Missouri and overcome in part the prevailing 
Democratic prejudices there. He also expressed the hope 
that the race question would cease to divide men by preju- 
dices that should long ago have become extinct. 

In reply to Miss Burgess' address the General expressed 
his grateful appreciation of the souvenir, and said 
that the women of the land could never be forgotten. To 
those of them who are toilers for their daily bread the 
first thought goes out in considering the question that 
involves depreciation of wages, and concluded by declar- 
ing if cheaper coats and cheaper garments were to be had 
by still further reducing the wages of the sewing-women 
of America, then he was not in favor of cheaper apparel. 



78 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 7. 

INDIANAPOLIS contained several thousand visitors at this 
period, in attendance on the State convention ; in addition 
to these, however, on the seventh of August two large 
delegations arrived. The first came from Tippecanoe 
County. The city of Lafayette was represented by the Lin- 
coln Club, H. C. Tinney, President; the Garfield Club, 
Henry Vinton, President ; and the Young Men's Republican 
Club Association. Among other prominent members of 
the delegation were James M. Reynolds, N. I. Throckmor- 
ton, W. H. Caulkins, Charles E. Wilson, Wm. Fraser, 
John B. Sherwood, Charles Terry, John Opp, Alexander 
Stidham, ^Matt Heffner, S. Vater, Maurice Mayerstein, 
Geo. A. Harrison, W. D. Hilt, P. W. Sheehan, C. H. Hen- 
derson, Henry Marshall, J. W. Jefferson, Wm. E. Beach, 
John B. Gault, and H. M. Carter. Hon. B. Wilson Smith 
delivered an address on behalf of his townsmen. 

General Harrison, in his response, touched upon the 
origin and principles of the Republican party. He said : 

Mr. Smith and my Tippecanoe County Friends lam very grateful 
for the evidence which you give me this morning by your presence, 
and by the kind words which your representative has addressed 
to me, of your respect and good-will. You are members, in great 
part, of a party that was not machine-made. It had its birth in an 
impulse that stirred simultaneously the hearts of those who loved 
liberty. The first convention of our party did not organize it. 
Those men were great, but they were delegates representatives of 
principles which had already asserted their power over the con- 
sciences and the hearts of the people. [Applause. ] The Republican 
party did not organize for spoils ; it assembled about an altar of 
sacrifice and in a sanctuary beset with enemies. You have not 
forgotten our early battle-cry "Free speech, a free press, free 
schools and free Territories. " We have widened the last word ; it 
is now " a free Nation. " The appeals which we have made and 
shall yet make are addressed to the hearts, the consciences, and to 
the mind of our people. Therefore, we believe in schools and 
colleges, and seminaries of learning. Education is the great con- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 79 

servative and assimilating force. A doubter is not necessarily an 
evil person. The capacity to doubt implies reason the power of 
solving doubts ; and if the doubt is accompanied with a purpose to 
find the truth and a supreme affection for the truth when it is 
found, he will not go widely astray. Therefore, in our political 
campaigns let men think for themselves, and the truth will assert 
its sway over the minds of our people. Then everything that 
affects the record and character of the candidate and the principles 
of the parties will be brought to a safe tribunal whose judgment 
will be right. [Great applause and cries of ''Good !"] 

I am not unaware of the fact that some of you had another con- 
vention preference, but I have always believed that convention pref- 
erences should be free in the Republican party [applause], and that 
no prejudice should follow any Republican on account of that pref- 
erence. As party men, we will judge a man by his post-conven- 
tion conduct. 

The second delegation comprised fifteen hundred citizens 
from Vanderburg County. The Tippecanoe Club of Evans- 
ville, with sixty veterans, led the column. 

Leaders in the delegation were ex-Congressman Heil- 
man, Henry S. Bennett, Chas. H. McCarer, J. E. Iglehart, 
W. A. Wheeler, C. R. Howe, J. W. Compton, S. B. San- 
som, S. A. Bate, John H. Osborn, John W. Davidson, 
Henry Ludwig, Wm. Koelling, A. S. Glover, J. W. Roel- 
ker, R. C. Wilkinson, James D. Parvin, Wm. Warren, 
Chas. L. Roberts, and Geo. N. Wells. 

Dr. W. G. Ralston delivered an address in the name of 
the delegation. 

General Harrison, in reply, said : 

My Good Friends from the Pocket I feel very much complimented 
by your visit to-day. Your coming here from so great a distance 
involved much inconvenience which those who live nearer have not 
experienced You are geographically remote, but it does not follow 
from that that you are remote from the sources of political influ- 
ence and political power. 

The General then spoke of the extension of the Republican party 
from the lakes to the Ohio in Indiana and all over the North, say- 
ing that geographical lines marked its limits only in the South. 
He said that the people of Vanderburg County, living as they did 
on the Ohio River, a river that some men sought to make the divis- 



80 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

ion line between two governments, knew what it was to guard 
their homes and what it was to send out veterans from the sturdy 
yeomanry to tne defence of their country. He referred in the high- 
est terms to General Shackelford and his service in the hour of his 
country's need. "I greet you to-day," he continued, "as Republi- 
cans men whose judgment and conscience compel their political 
opinions. It does not fall to my lot now to argue or discuss at 
length any of the great political questions of the day. I have done 
that in the past. It is reserved for others in this campaign. I 
recall with pleasure my frequent visits to you and your cordial 
reception when I came to speak to you. In this contest others will 
maintain before you that great policy which, we believe, dignifies 
eveiy American, both at home and abroad. " 

Speaking in reference to wages, General Harrison said that he 
thought we often forget the women who were compelled to work 
for their daily bread. He sometimes thought those persons who 
demand cheaper coats would be ashamed of themselves if they 
could realize that their demand cut the wages of the women who 
made these coats. In concluding, he greeted and thanked the 
Tippecanoe Club for coming, and the Young Men's Republican 
Club also, saying that he had heard of their efficient work in the 
highest terms of praise. 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 8. 
The Republican State Convention. 

THE Republican State Convention convened at Tomlinson 
Hall, city of Indianapolis, August 8, 1888, and concluded its 
work in one day. 

It was the largest attended and most enthusiastic con- 
vention ever held in Indiana. Hon. Wm. H. Calkins of 
Indianapolis was chosen Chairman, and Mark L. De 
Motte of Valparaiso Secretary. The following ticket was 
nominated, and in November triumphantly elected : 

Governor Alvin P. Hovey, Posey County. 

Lieutenant- Governor Ira J. Chase, Hendricks County. 

Secretary of State Charles F. Griffin, Lake County. 

Auditor of State Bruce Carr, Orange County. 

Treasurer J. A. Lemcke, Vaiiderburg County. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 81 

Attorney- General L. T. Michner, Shelby County. 

Superintendent Public Instruction H. M. LaFollette, 
Boone County. 

Reporter Supreme Court John L. Griffiths, Marion 
County. 

JUDGES OF SUPREME COURT. 

First District Silas T. Coffey, Clay County. 

Second District J. G. Berkshire, Jennings County. 

Fourth District Walter Olds, Whitely County. 

Electors-at-Large James M. Shackelford, Yanderburg 
County ; Thomas H. Nelson, Vigo County. 

Judge Gardner, a delegate from Daviess County, intro- 
duced a resolution, which was unanimously adopted midst 
great enthusiasm, inviting General Harrison to visit the 
convention, and designating Hon. Richard W. Thompson, 
John W. Linck and E. P. Hammond a committee to convey 
the invitation. 

On the platform, with the presiding officer, to meet the 
distinguished guest were the Hon. James N. Huston, Hon. 
John M. Butler, Hon. Will Cumback, William Wallace, 
Hon. W. P. Fishback, Hon. A.' C. Harris, Rev. Dr. Backus, 
Judge E. B. Martindale, General Thomas Bennett, Judge 
J. H. Jordan, and the Republican State officials. 

The entrance of General Harrison, escorted by the com- 
mittee, was followed by a tumultuous scene rarely wit- 
nessed outside of a national convention, the demonstration 
lasting nearly ten minutes. Chairman Calkins finally suc- 
ceeded in introducing " the next President" and Gen- 
eral Harrison spoke as follows : 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Convention When I received 
your invitation to appear for a moment before you I felt that what 
you asked could not involve any indelicacy, and as it offered me 
the only opportunity which I shall have to look into the faces of my 
Indiana Republican friends here assembled, I could not find it in 
my heart to deny myself the pleasure of spending a moment in 

your presence. [Applause.] This enthusiastic and kindly recep- 
6 



82 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

tion crowns a long series of friendly acts on the part of my Repub- 
lican friends of Indiana. To have your confidence is very grateful 
to me , to be worthy of your confidence is the highest ambition I 
can set before me. [Applause.] Whatever may befall me, I feel 
that my fellow-citizens of Indiana have crowned me and made me 
forever their debtor. [Applause. ] But I must not detain you from 
the business which has brought you here. [Cries of "Go on!"] 
Such an assemblage as this is characteristic of America. What 
you shall do to-day will influence the prosperity and welfare of the 
State. Such a meeting is a notable historical event. We have 
to-day transpiring in this country two other events that are attract- 
ing wide interest. At the chief seaport of our country that great 
Republican, and that great American, James G. Blaine, returns to 
his home. [Applause. ] We shall not be disappointed, I hope, in 
hearing his powerful voice in Indiana before the campaign is old. 
[Applause.] Another scene attracts our solemn and even tearful 
interest, for while you are transacting your business here to-day 
a draped train is bearing from the place of his sojourn by the sea 
to the place of his interment at Washington the mortal part of 
Philip H. Sheridan. From the convention at Chicago we sent him 
our greetings and our earnest prayers for his restoration. To-day 
we mourn our hero dead. You called him then a favorite child of 
victory, and such he was. He was one of those great commanders 
who, upon the field of battle, towered a very god of war. [Applause. ] 
He was one of those earnest fighters for his country who did not 
at the end of his first day's fight contemplate rest and recuperation 
for his own. command. He rested and refreshed his command with 
the wine of victory,* and found recuperation in the dispersion of 
the enemy that confronted him. [Great applause.] This gallant 
son of Ireland and America [great applause] has written a chapter 
in the art of war that will not fail to instruct and to develop, when 
the exigencies may come again, others who shall repeat in defence 
of our flag his glorious achievements. [Great applause.] 

And now, Mr. President, and gentlemen, I am sure the heat of 
this hall and the labors that are before you suggest to you, as they 
do to me, that I shall close these remarks and bid you good by. 
[Great applause. J 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 83 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 14 

GODFREY COMMANDERY, Knights Templars, of Chicago, 
colored men, en route to the Grand Conclave at Louis- 
ville, paid their respects to General Harrison 011 the 13th, 
and were individually presented by Eminent Commander 
H. S. Cooper. On August 14 the visitors aggregated 
6,000. 

The first delegation came from Hamilton County, In- 
diana, headed by eighty veterans of the Tippecanoe Club, 
Charles Swain, President. There were nine Lincoln 
League organizations in line. Among the leaders were J. 
K. Bush, J. E. Walker, F. B. Pfaff, J. R. Christian, Benj. 
Goldsmith, Ike Hiatt, and C. R. Davis, of Noblesville, and 
Captain Carl, of Arcadia. Hon. J. K. Gray was their 
spokesman. 

General Harrison, in reply, said : 

Colonel Gray and my Hamilton County Friends The demonstra- 
tion which you have made this morning is worthy of Hamilton 
County , it is worthy of the great party to which you have given 
the consent of your minds and the love of your hearts ; it is alto- 
gether more than worthy of him whom you have come to greet. 
You come from a county that, as your spokesman has said, is 
greatly favored, a county rich in its agricultural capacity ; but, as 
I look into your faces this morning I turn from the contemplation 
of material wealth to the thought of those things that are higher 
and better. [Applause and cries of "Good ! Good !"] Not long ago 
a distinguished Englishman and jurist visited our country. On 
the eve of his return, in a public address, he alluded to the fact 
that wherever he went he was asked whether he was not amazed at 
the great size of our country. This student of law and government 
very kindly, but very decidedly, rebuked this too prevalent pride 
of bulk, and called our attention to the finer and higher things 
that he had observed in our American civilization. 

So to-day, as I look into these intelligent faces, my thoughts are 
turned away from those things that are scheduled, that have their 
places i'n our census returns, to those things which belong to the 
higher man his spiritual and moral nature. [Applause. ] 1 con- 



84 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

gratulate you, not so much upon the rich farm lands of your county 
as upon your virtuous and happy homes. [Applause. ] The home 
is the best, as it is the first, school of good citizenship. It is the 
great conservative and assimilating force. I should despair for my 
country if American citizens were to be trained only in our schools, 
valuable as their instruction is. It is in the home that we first 
learn obedience and respect for law. Parental authority is the 
type of beneficent government. It is in the home that we learn 
to love, in the mother that bore us, that which is virtuous, con- 
secrated, and pure. [Applause. ] I take more pride in the fact that 
the Republican party has always been the friend and protector of 
the American home than in aught else. [Applause. ] By the benefi- 
cent homestead law it created more than half a million of homes ; 
by the Emancipation Proclamation it converted a million cattle- 
pens into homes. [Applause ] And it is still true to those princi- 
ples that will preserve contentment and prosperity in our homes. 
I greet you as men who have been nurtured in such homes, and 
call your thought to the fact that the Republican party has always 
been, and can be trusted to be, friendly to all that will promote 
virtue, intelligence and morality in the homes of our people. 
Now, in view of the fact that I must greet other delegations to- 
day [ories of "Don't stop! 7 '], I am sure you will be content with 
these brief remarks, though they are altogether an inadequate re- 
turn for your cordial demonstration. 

The other delegations of the day came from Macon and 
Douglas counties, Illinois, numbering 3,000. A notable 
feature of the Douglas County display was the tattered old 
battle-flag of the Twenty-first Illinois Regiment General 
Grant's original regiment borne by seven survivors. 

Capt. T. D. Minturn, of Tuscola, was spokesman. At 
the head of the Macon County column marched 300 uni- 
formed members of the Young Men's Republican Club of 
Decatur, led by Captain Wm. M. Strange and Wm. Fra- 
zier; Prof. L. A. Estes, of Westfield, headed a company 
from that town. Andrew H. Mills, of Decatur, spoke for 
the Macon County people. 

General. Harrison said : 

My Republican Friends I feel myself unable to respond suitably 
to this magnificent demonstration and to those kindly words which 
you have addressed to me. Public duties involve grave responsi- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 85 

bilities. The conscientious man will not contemplate them with- 
out seriousness. But the man who sincerely desires to know and 
to do his duty may rely upon the favoring help of God and the 
friendly judgment of his fellow-citizens. [Great applause.] 

Your corning from another State and from distant homes testifies 
to the observing interest which you feel in those questions which 
are to be settled by the ballot in November. [Cries of "We will 
settle them !"] 

The confessed free-traders are very few in this country. But 
English statesmen and English newspapers confidently declare that 
in fact we have a great many. [Applause. ] 

We are told that it is only an average reduction of seven per cent, 
that is contemplated. [Laughter. ] W T ell, if that were true, and 
not a very deceptive statement, as it really is, you might fairly ask 
whether this average reduction does not sacrifice some American 
industry or the wages of our workingmen and work ing- women. 
You may also fairly ask to see the free list, which does not figure 
in this "average. " [Applause, and cries of "That's it !"] We would 
have more confidence in the protest of these reformers that they are 
not " free-traders " if we could occasionally hear one of them say that 
he was a protectionist [applause] , or admit that our customs duties 
should adequately favor our domestic industries. But they seem to 
be content with a negative statement. 

Those who would, if they could, eliminate the protective prin- 
ciple from our tariff laws have, in former moments of candor, 
described themselves as "progressive free-traders," and it is an apt 
designation. The protective system is a barrier against the flood 
of foreign importations and the competition of underpaid labor in 
Europe. [Applause. ] Those who want to lower the dike owe it 
to those who live behind it to make a plain statement of their pur- 
poses. Do they want to invite the flood, or do they believe in the 
dike, but think it will afford adequate protection at a lower level? 
[Great and enthusiastic applause.] 

What I say is only suggestive. I cannot in this brief talk go 
into details, or even properly limit the illustrations I have used. 
But this is an appropriate and timely inquiry : With what mo- 
tive, what ultimate design, what disposition toward the principle 
of protection is it that our present tariff schedule is attacked? It 
may be that reductions should be made ; it may be that some duties 
should be increased ; but we want to know whether those who pro- 
pose the revision believe in taking thought of our American work- 
ingmen .in fixing the rates, or will leave them to the chance effects 
of a purely revenue tariff. [Applause. ] 



SO HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Now, having spoken once already to-rlay, you will accept this 
inadequate acknowledgment of this magnificent demonstration. 

I thank you, my Illinois friends, not only on my own behalf, but 
on behalf of the Republicans of Indiana, for the great interest you 
have manifested. [Applause.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 15. 

RUSH, Decatur, and Delaware counties, Indiana, con- 
tributed fully five thousand visitors on the 15th of August. 
Rush County sent twenty Republican clubs, mainly town- 
ship organizations, led by one hundred veterans of 1836 
and '40. The prominent Republicans of the delegation 
were Hon. John K. Gowdy, John M. Stevens, A. L. Riggs, 
W. J. Henley, John F. Moses, T. M. Green, J. C. Kiplin- 
ger, J. W. Study, and G. W. Looney, of Rushville; R. R. 
Spencer and J. A. Shannon, of Richland. Judge W. A. 
Cullen was their spokesman. 

General Harrison, responding, said:- 

Judge Cullen and my Rush County Friends I am glad to see you 
here glad to be assured by him who has spoken in your behalf 
that your coming here in some measure is intended as an evidence 
of your personal respect for me. The respect of one's fellow- 
citizens, who have opportunities to know him, is of priceless value. 

I cannot in these daily addresses enter much into public ques- 
tions. 

You are Indianians, some of you by birth ; some of you, like 
me, by choice. You are Republicans ; you have opposed always 
the doctrine of State's rights ; you have believed and gloried in 
the great citizenship that embraces all the people of all the States. 
You believe that this Government is not a confederation to be dis- 
solved at the will of any member of 'it, but a Nation having the 
inherent right, by arms, if need be, to perpetuate its beneficent 
existence. [Great applause. 1 Many of you who are here to day 
have aided in vindicating that principle upon the battle field [cries 
of "Plenty of us!"], and yet these views are not inconsistent with 
a just State pride. We are proud to be Indianians, proud of the 
story of her progress in material development, proud of her educa- 
tional and benevolent institutions, proud of her Christian homes, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES, 87 

proud of her part in the Civil War. If there has been any just 
cause of reproach against our State we will all desire that it may 
be removed. We may fairly appeal, to all Indianians, without dis- 
tinction of party, to co-operate in promoting such public measures 
as are calculated to lift up the dignity and honor and estimation 
of Indiana among the States of the Union. [Great a.pplause.] 

I will call your attention to one such subject that seems to me 
to be worthy of your thought. It is the reform of our election 
laws. [Applause and cries of " That's it !"] A constitutional amend- 
ment, to which a great majority of our people gave their sanction, 
has removed the impediments which stood in the way of progres- 
sive legislation in the protection of an honest ballot in Indiana. 
Formerly we could not require a definite period of residence in the 
voting precinct. Now we may and have. The same amendment 
authorized our Legislature to enact a just and strict registry law, 
which will enable the inspectors properly to verify the claims of 
those who offer a ballot. Every safeguard of law should be thrown 
around the ballot-box until fraud in voting and frauds in counting 
shall receive the sure penalties of law as well as the reprobation of 
all good men. [Great applause. ] The Republican party has always 
stood for election reforms. No measure tending to secure the 
ballot-box against fraud has ever been opposed by its representa- 
tives. I am not here to make imputations ; I submit this general 
suggestion : Find me the party that sets the gate of election frauds 
open, or holds it open, and I will show you the party that expects to 
drive cattle that way. [Applause. ] Let us as citizens, irrespective 
of party, unite to exalt the name of Indiana by making her election 
laws models of justice and severity, and her elections free from the 
taint of suspicion. [Great applause.] And now, as I must pres- 
ently speak to other delegations, I am sure my Rush County friends 
will allow me to close these remarks. [Applause and cheers. ] 

The visitors from Decatur and Delaware counties were 
received together. The Decatur delegation numbered 
fifteen hundred, led by B. F. Bennett, John F. Goddard, 
V. P. Harris, J. J. Hazelrigg, Geo. Anderson, Edward 
Speer, A. G. Fisher, F. M. Sherwood, and A. S. Creath, 
of Greensburg. Their spokesman was the Hon. Will 
Cumback. Delaware County sent twelve organizations, 
conspicuous among which were the Tippecanoe Club, the 
Veterans Regiment, and Lincoln Colored Club. Among 
the leaders of the delegation were ex-Senator M. C. Smith, 



88 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

A. F. Collins, Hon. James N. Templer, Major J. F. Wild- 
man, Rev. T. S. Guthrie, J. D. Hoyt, Geo. F. McCulloch, 
W. W. Orr, Joseph G. Lefler, Lee Coffeen, C. F. W. 
Neely, Ed. R. Templer, W. H. Murray, W. H. Stokes, 
John S. Aldredge, J. R. Shoemaker, Jacob Stiffler, Web 
S. Richey, T. H. Johnson and others, of Muncie. Rev. 
K". L. Bray spoke on behalf of the Lincoln Club, but R. S. 
Gregory delivered the address for the delegation as a 
whole. 

In reply to these several addresses General Harrison 
said: 

My Friends The man who does not believe that the issues of this 
campaign have taken a very deep hold upon the minds and upon 
the hearts of the American people would do well to come and 
stand with me and look into the faces of the masses who gather here. 
I know nothing of the human face if I do not read again in your 
faces and eyes the lesson I have read here from day to day, and 
it is this : That the thinking, intelligent, God-fearing and self- 
respecting citizens of this country believe there are issues at stake 
that demand their earnest effort. [Applause.] A campaign that 
is one simply of party management, a campaign by committees and 
public speakers, may fail ; but a campaign to which the men and 
women of the country give their unselfish and earnest efforts can 
never fail. [Great applause.] 

It is no personal interest in the candidate that stirs these emotions 
in your hearts ; it is the belief that questions are involved affecting 
your prosperity and the prosperity of your neighbors ; affecting the 
dignity of the nation ; affecting the generation to which you will 
presently leave the government which our fathers built and you 
have saved. [Applause.] 

One subject is never omitted by those who speak for these visiting 
delegations, viz. : the protective tariff. The purpose not to permit 
American wages to be brought below the level of comfortable liv- 
ing, and competence, and hope, by competition with the pauper 
labor of Europe, has taken a very strong hold upon our people. 
[Applause.] And of kin to this suggestion and purpose is this 
other : that we will not permit this country to be made the dump- 
ing-ground of foreign pauperism and crime. [Great applause.] 
There are some who profess to be eager to exclude paupers and 
Chinese laborers, and at the same time advocate a policy that 
brings the American workman into competition with the product 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 89 

of cheap foreign labor. [Applause and cries of "That's it!"] The 
disastrous effects upon our \vorkingmen and work ing- women of 
competition with cheap, underpaid labor are not obviated by 
keeping the cheap worker over the sea if the product of his cheap 
labor is j allowed free competition in our market. We should pro- 
tect our people against competition with the products of underpaid 
labor abroad as well as against the coming to our shores of paupers, 
laborers under contract, and the Chinese labor. [Enthusiastic ap- 
plause. ] These two thoughts are twin thoughts ; the same logic 
supports both ; and the Republican party holds them as the dual 
conclusion of one great argument. 

Now, gentlemen, to the first voters, who come with the high 
impulse of recruits into this strife ; to these old men, seasoned 
veterans of many a contest, and to these colored friends, whose 
fidelity has been conspicuous, I give my thanks and hearty greet- 
ings. [Applause.] There has been a desire expressed that the 
reception of these delegations should be individualized ; that Dela- 
ware should be received by itself, and Decatur separately ; but that 
is not possible. You are one in thought and purpose ; and if I am 
not able to individualize your reception by counties, I will, so far 
as I can, now make it absolutely individual by greeting each one of 
you. 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 17. 

DELEGATIONS from Ohio, Indiana, and Illinpis, aggre- 
gating between nine and ten thousand visitors, paid their 
respects to the Republican nominee on the seventeenth of 
August. 

The Ohio delegation came from Bellefontaine, Logan 
County, led by Judge William Lawrence. They carried 
a beautiful old silk banner that had been presented to a 
Logan County club at the hands of Gen. Wm. Henry 
Harrison in 1840. 

Ford County, Illinois, sent a large delegation, headed by 
Judge A. Sample and Col. C. Bogardus, of Paxton. The 
Young Men's Club Wm. Ramsey, President, and the 
Paxton League T. T. Thompson, President, were con- 
spicuous in this delegation. 



90 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

The Kankakee County (Illinois) delegation, headed by 
the Republican club of the City of Kankakee in campaign 
uniforms, was led by Judge T. S. Sawyer, D. H. Paddock, 
F. S. Hatch, W. F. Kenoga, H. L." Richardson, J. F. 
Leonard, R. D. Sherman, Geo. R. Letourneau, and Judge 
J. N. Orr. 

Morgan Count}-, Illinois, contributed the largest delega- 
tion of the day, over two thousand, with three drum corps, 
one, the Jacksonville Juvenile Drum Corps, led by Thomas 
Barbour, aged 81. Prominent in the Morgan delegation 
were C. G. Rutledge, President Young Men's Republican 
Club, B. F. Hilligass, D. M. Simmons, Dr. P. G. Gillett, 
Sam'l W. Nichols, Judge M. T. Layman, J. G. Loomis, 
A. P. and J. M. Smith, veterans of '-40, and Henry Yates, 
son of Illinois' war Governor all of Jacksonville. 

The Indiana visitors came from three counties Bar- 
tholomew, Johnson, and Vermilion. 

The Bartholomew contingent was composed largely of 
veterans of the late war, who were led by a company of 
their daughters in uniform. Among their representative 
members were John C. Orr, W. W. Lambert, John H. 
Taylor, John F. Ott, J. W. Morgan, John Sharp, T. B. 
Prother, Andrew Perkinson, and H. Rost, of Columbus. 

The Johnson County delegation numbered two thousand, 
led by W. T. Pritchard, D. W. Barnett, Jessie Overstreet, 
J. H. Vannuys, I. M. Thompson, Jacob Hazlett, and John 
Brown, of Franklin. 

Vermilion County sent fifteen hundred enthusiastic vis- 
itors, commanded by A. J. Ralph, Marshal of the delega- 
tion. Other leaders were Hon. R. B. Sears, W. L. Porter, 
Rob't A. Parrett, S. B. Davis, R. H. Nixon, Geo. H. 
Fisher, and Andrew Curtis, of Newport. 

The speakers on behalf of these several delegations were : 
Hon. William Lawrence, of Ohio; Hon. Frank L. Cook, 
Paxton, 111. ; Judge C. R. Starr, Kankakee County, 111. ; 
Prof. Win. D. Saunders, Jacksonville, 111. ; Major W. T. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 91 

Strickland, Bartholomew County, Ind. ; Col. Sam'l P. 
Oyler, Johnson County, Ind. ; Hon. H. H. Connelly, Ver- 
milion County, Ind. To these addresses General Harrison 
responded as follows : 

My Friends The magnitude of this gathering, I fear, quite out- 
reaches the capacity of my voice. It is so great and so cordial, it 
has been accompanied by so many kind expressions, that my heart 
is deeply touched too deeply to permit of extended or connected 
speech. I return most cordially the greetings of these friends from 
Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois [cheers] , a trio of great States lying in 
this great valley, endowed by nature with a productive capacity 
that rivals the famous valley of the Nile, populated by a people 
unsurpassed in intelligence, manly independence and courage. 
[Applause and cheers.] The association of these States to-day 
brings to my mind the fact that in the brigade with which I served 
Indiana, Ohio, and Illinois were represented [applause] three 
regiments from Illinois, the One Hundred and Second, the One Hun- 
dred and Fifth and the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth ; one from 
Ohio, the Seventy-ninth, and one from Indiana, the Seventieth 
Infantry. I have seen the men of these States stand together in 
the evening parade. I have seen them also charge together in 
battle, and die together for the flag they loved [great applause], 
and when the battle was over I have seen the dead gathered from 
the field they had enriched with their blood and laid side by side 
in a common grave. Again you evidence by your coming that these 
great States have in peace common interests and common sympa- 
thies. The Republican .party has always been hospitable to the 
truth. [Applause and laughter. ] It has never shunned debate. It 
has boldly, and in the courage of the principles it has advocated, 
opened the lists and challenged all comers. It has never found it 
necessary or consistent with its great principles to suppress free 
discussion of any question. There is not a Republican community 
where any man may not advocate without fear his political beliefs. 
[Cries of "That's so!"] There is not a Republican voting precinct 
where any man, whatever may have been his relations to the flag 
during the war, may not freely exercise his right to vote. [Cheers. ] 
There is not one such precinct where the right of a Confederate 
soldier freely to cast the ballot of his choice would not be defended 
by the Union veterans of the war. [Applause and cries of "That's 
true !"] Our party is tolerant of political differences. It has always 
yielded to others all that it demanded for itself. It has been in- 
tolerant of but one thing : disloyalty to the flag and to the Union 



92 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

of States. [Great applause. ] It has had the good fortune to set 
in the Constitution and in the permanent laws of our country 
many of the great principles for which it has contended. It has 
not only persuaded a majority of our thinking people, but it has 
had the unusual fortune to compel those who opposed it to give a 
belated assent to every great principle it has supported. 

Now, gentlemen, I am sure you will excuse further speech. 
What I say here must necessarily be veiy general. It would not 
be in good taste for me to make too close or too personal an appli- 
cation of Republican principles. [Laughter and applause and 
cries of "You're a dandy !"] 

I do not know what to say further. I have up to this time 
greeted personally all those who came. My courage is a little 
shaken as I look upon this vast multitude, but for a time, at 
least so long as I can, and to those who especially desire it, I will 
give a personal greeting. [Great and prolonged applause. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 18. 

THE commercial travelling men, and their friends, from 
the cities of Peoria, Bloomington, Terre Haute, and La- 
fayette, about a thousand in number, paid their respects 
to General Harrison on the afternoon of the 18th of 
August. The Bloomington delegation was led by J. H. 
Sprague and Dan Van Elsler, the Peoria Club by J. G. 
Jones. Each delegation was escorted by a splendid band. 

They were met and escorted to the Harrison residence 
by a committee from the Indianapolis Commercial Trav- 
ellers' Association, comprising G. C. Webster, C. H. Mc- 
therson, John Y. Parker, W. H. Schmidt, D. W. Coffin, 
Harry Gates, E. K. Syfers, W. F. Winchester, Wm. 
Sisson, T. P. Swain, C. L. Schmidt, Ed. Finney, O. W. 
Moorman, Charles Lefler, M. P. Green, J. L. Earnhardt, 
Berg. Applegate, G. R. Rhoads, Hon. J. H. Rowell, of 
Bloomington; and Hon. J. S. Starr of Peoria spoke on 
behalf of the visitors. General Harrison said : 

Gentlemen of the Commercial Travellers' Association of Peoria, 
Bloomington, Lafayette, and Tcrre Haute I thank you for this most 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 93 

cordial and beautiful demonstration. The respect of such a body 
of men is a valuable acquisition. But I am particularly glad that 
a class so large and so influential, and one that touches so many 
communities, is loyally and earnestly devoted to the principles of 
the Republican party. I have travelled somewhat in the wake of 
the commercial men, and have observed that they have the habit of 
getting the best of everything wherever they go. [Applause and 
laughter. A voice : " That's the reason we are here !"] I am there- 
fore quite ready to credit the statement of the gentleman who has 
just spoken in your behalf when he tells me that the commercial 
travellers are all Republicans. [Applause and cries of u He was 
right !"] I should expect they would get the best politics that were 
to be found. [Laughter and applause. ] 

Your calling is an active one you are always on the move. 
You are quick to discover the wants of local trade. You are per- 
suasive in speech and address ; you are honest for the love of 
integrity, and do not forget that you must again face your cus- 
tomer after the goods are delivered. [Laughter and applause. ] 
The men who employed you have chosen you, picked you out, 
and they subject you to the weekly test of success. You have been 
proved and not found wanting. The wide intercourse you have 
with your fellow-men and the wide view you get of our country 
must tend to make you liberal and patriotic. 

The provincialism that once existed in this country has largely 
disappeared, and the commercial travellers have been an important 
agency in bringing this about. This going to and fro has given 
you a fuller comprehension, not only of the extent of this country, 
but of the greatness and unity of its people. [Cheers.] I have 
thought that the prophet Daniel must have had a vision of the 
commercial travellers when he said that in the last days many 
should run to and fro and knowledge should be increased. [Laugh- 
ter and applause.] 

You will not expect me to enter upon the discussion of any of 
the topics which have been suggested by those who have spoken 
for you. Most of them I have already alluded to in public speech 
since my nomination, and upon some of them I have spoken more 
fully before. Let me suggest but this one thought : Do not allow 
any one to persuade you that this great contest as to our tariff 
policy is one between schedules. It is not a question of a seven per 
cent, reduction. [Applause.] It is a question between wide-apart 
principles. [Cries of "That's right!"] 

The principle of protection, the intelligent recognition in the 
framing of our tariff laws of the duty to protect our American 



94 HABRISON'3 SPEECHES. 

industries and maintain the American scale of wages by adequate 
discriminating duties [cries of "That's right !" "That's it!"] on 
the one hand, and on the other a denial of the constitutional right 
to make our customs duties protective, or the assertion of the doc- 
trine that free competition with foreign products is the ideal con- 
dition to which all our legislation should tend. [Applause. ] . 

Let me now, in behalf not only of myself, but of my family, thank 
you for your visit and ask you to enter our home. [Applause.] 



TOLEDO, OHIO, AUGUST 21. 

GENERAL HARRISON left Indianapolis on the morning of 
August 21, '88, for a two weeks' outing and vacation at 
Middle Bass Island, Lake Erie, where he was the guest 
upon invitation of ex-Gov. Charles Foster, of Ohio of 
the Middle Bass Fishing Club, Mather Shoemaker, Sr., 
President. 

He was accompanied by Mrs. Harrison, Judge Wm. 
A. Woods and wife, Miss Woods, Samuel Miller, and 
representatives of the Associated Press and Cincinnati 
Commercial- Gazette. 

His departure was not generally known, consequently 
there was no demonstration along the line until Defiance, 
Ohio, was reached, where several hundred people had 
gathered. Hon. C. A. Flickinger delivered a brief address 
of welcome. 

General Harrison, speaking from the train, said : 

Gentlemen I am very much obliged to you for this reception. 
You will excuse me, I am sure, for not attempting to make any 
speech. This evidence of your friendly feeling is gratifying to 
me. We were intending to travel to-day in quietness, and I am 
confident you will conform to our wishes in that respect by allow- 
ing me to say simply, "How do you do" and "Good- by." 

Toledo was reached early in the evening, and several 
thousand citizens and militia welcomed the distinguished 
travellers. A committee of reception, comprising James 
M. Brown, Chairman, Mayor Hamilton, Hon. E. D. 
Potter, J. C. Bonner, John Berdan, C. A. King, Calvin 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 95 

Barker, Fred Eaton, Col.S.C. Reynolds, Judge R.F. Doyle, 
Judge Joseph Cummings, Hon. John F. Kumler, Hon. 
Richard Waite, Wm. Baker, and Judge Austin, escorted 
General Harrison and his party to the residence of Wm. 
Cummings, whose guests they were. At night an open- 
air mass-meeting was held in Memorial Hall Square, where 
ten thousand men assembled. Gov. Foster spoke at 
length, and was followed by General Harrison, who was 
introduced by Hon. J. M. Brown, President of the Execu- 
tive Committee United Republican Clubs, and spoke as 
follows : 

My Friends You have already been told that this reception was 
not planned by me, and yet I do not regret that I have yielded to 
the urgent solicitation of your representatives and have consented 
to stand for a few moments in the presence of this magnificent 
arid instructive audience. [Applause.] I say instructive, for that 
public man is dull indeed who does not gather both instruction and 
inspiration from such meetings as this. [Applause.] I thank you 
for any measure of personal respect and interest which your com- 
ing here to-night may witness, but I do not see in this immense 
gathering any testimony that is personal to me. I prefer to regard 
it as another witness added to the long number I have seen before 
of the deep-seated and earnest interest of our people in the pub- 
lic questions that are to be settled in November. [Applause.] I 
choose rather to regard it as a pledge that this interest you mani- 
fest in me to-night will not stop here, but is the pledge of continued 
and earnest personal work by each one of you for those principles 
which have won the consent of your minds and the love of your 
hearts. [Applause.] I cannot enter in any detail into the discus- 
sion of public questions ; I would not at all put myself between 
you and these great, important issues. I would, in all I may saj r , 
put them to the front. We are here citizens of a great, prosperous, 
magnificent Nation. We have common interests. We are here 
charged with the common duties to perpetuate, if we can, the 
prosperity and to maintain the honor of this great Republic. 
[Applause.] We are here to-night in the enjoyment of free govern- 
ment. We are here in the individual possession of better oppor- 
tunities of development, of a larger prosperity, and of more individ- 
ual comfort than are possessed by any other people in the world. 
[Applause.] The great economic question as to what shall be our 
future legislative policy is stated with a distinctness in this cam- 



06 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

paign that it has never had before, and I believe the verdict and 
decision will have an emphasis and finality that it has never had 
before [Applause.] If there is any one here present to-night that 
knows of any land that spreads a more promising sky of hope 
above the heads of the poor and the laboring man than this, I 
would be glad if he would name it. The one fact that I do not 
need to stop to demonstrate by statistics, the one fact that I could 
call out of this vast audience hundreds of witnesses to support by 
their personal testimony, is that the scale of American wages is 
higher than that of any other country in the world. [Applause.] 
If this were not true, why is it that the workingmen and the 
working women of the older lands turn their faces hitherward? If 
there is a better country, one that offers better wages, fuller hopes 
than this, why is it that those who are in quest of such better 
things have not found it out and turned their faces thitherward? 
Now. if that is true, then why is it true, and how is it to be con- 
tinued this condition of our country? It is because, and only 
because, we have for years, by our protective tariff, discriminated 
in favor of American manufacturers and American workingmen. 
[Applause.] Strike down this protective system, bring our work- 
ingmen and working-women in equal competition in the products 
of their toil with those who labor abroad, and nothing is clearer 
than that these mills and factories must reduce wages here to 
the level with wages abroad, or they must shut down. You have 
the choice to make ; you, the free citizens of this country, whose 
ballots sway its destiny, will settle these questions in November. 
[Applause.] I ask you how? Don't be deceived by the suggestion 
that this is any contest over a seven per cent, reduction in the tariff 
schedule. We are allowed now to say. I think, that all those who 
are entitled to speak for the Democratic party have declared that 
it is opposed to protection. That being so, the issue is clearly, 
distinctly, strongly drawn. I beg you all not in my interest, but 
in your own : in the interest of your families and the country you 
love to ponder this question ; to think upon it with that seriousness 
its importance demands, and when you have thought it out, settle 
it , settle it in November, so that we shall be free for years to come 
from this agitation in behalf of free trade. [Great applause.] 

I thank you again for this kindly demonstration. I beg you to 
accept these brief suggestions as the only but inadequate return 
that I can make you for this kindness. [Applause.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 97 



PUT-IN-BAY, OHIO, AUGUST 31. 

THE residents of Put-in-Bay Island, about five hundred 
in number, tendered General Harrison a reception on the 
thirty-first of August. The steamboats from Cleveland, 
Detroit, Toledo, and Sandusky brought several thousand 
excursionists. General Harrison and his party 011 their 
arrival from Middle Bass Island were met at the pier by 
all the residents of Put-in-Bay Island, headed by their 
most distinguished citizen John Brown, Jr., son of the 
celebrated " Ossawatomie" Brown, of Harper's Ferry 
fame. 

From a pavilion in the adjacent grove John Brown 
introduced Hon. Charles Foster, who said : 

Fellow-citizens General Harrison came to Middle Bass for the 
purpose of rest and quiet. At the solicitation of a number of peo- 
ple of this section of country a great number, I might say he 
has kindly consented to give a reception here to-day, upon one 
condition that he was not to make a speech. Now, fellow-citizens, 
I have thft very great pleasure of presenting to you General Ben- 
jamin Harrison, the Republican candidate for the presidency. 
[Applause. ] 

As Governor Foster concluded, General Harrison arose 
midst a shout of welcome and spoke as follows : 

Ny Friends I have found Governor Foster to be a very agreeable 
and thoughtful host, and I find him to-day to be the most agreeable 
master of ceremonies who has ever attended me at a public recep- 
tion. I like his announcement of the condition under which I 
appear before you to-day. 

I never enjoy a banquet when my name is on the programme for 
a toast. I do not, therefore, intend to speak to you about any of 
those questions that are engaging your minds as citizens of this 
prosperous and mighty and happy Nation. We are here to-day as 
Americans, proud of the flag that symbolizes this great Union of 
States ; proud of the story that has been written by our fathers in 
council and in war, in the formation and defence and perpetuation 
of our magnificent institutions We are here in the immediate 
neighborhood of one of those great historic events that was among 



08 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

the most potential agencies in settling our title to the great North- 
west. If we had stood where we stand to-day we could have heard 
the guns of Perry's fleet. If we had stood where we stand to-day 
we could have welcomed him as he came a victor into Put -in-Bay. 

These institutions of ours are in our own keeping now, and not 
only our fundamental institutions, but the fame that has been won 
by those who have gone before. I may therefore properly say to- 
day that a campaign like this demands the thoughtful considera- 
tion of every American voter. We are prosperous. [Cheers.] The 
story of our prosperity, of our development in wealth, of our achieve- 
ments in finance as a Nation, since and during the war, is almost 
as notable and almost as admirable as that of our achievements in 
arms. 

The assembling of our revenue was even more difficult than the 
assembling of armies, and yet we were able to maintain those 
armies in the field, and have been able since not only to bear up 
the great load of debt, but to pay it off, until that which was once 
thought to be a burden that would crush our industries has come 
to be in our hands but as the ball the boy tosses in play [cheers] ; 
and we are to-day confronted with the question, not how we shall 
get money, but how we shall wisely stop some of those avenues by 
which wealth is pouring into our public treasury. 

It is an easier problem than that which confronted the great war 
Secretary, in whose name you so delight how to raise revenue 
to prosecute the war successfully. It will be wisely solved. And 
may I note also the fact that, notwithstanding this complaint of 
excessive revenue, there are some who suggest that they are not 
able adequately to arouse the popular indignation against excessive 
taxation because they cannot disclose to the people when or how 
they are paying the taxes? [Applause.] It is taken, they say, so 
indirectly and so subtly that these our plain people don't know 
that they are paying them at all. [Applause.] But I must not 
cross this line of party discussion. I have had a pleasant stay in 
this most delightful neighborhood, and I cannot let this public 
opportunity pass without expressing, for myself and for Mrs. Harri- 
son, our grateful appreciation of the kind and thoughtful hospitality 
which has been shown to us by the people of these islands. [Pro- 
longed applause.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



FORT WAYNE, IND , SEPTEMBER 4, 1888. 

GENERAL HARRISON and party, en route home from 
Middle Bass Island, arrived at Toledo on the evening of 
Sept. 3, and were again the guests of Wm. Cummings. 
At night they were tendered a reception by Mr. and Mrs. 
John Berdan, at their residence. 

On the morning of Sept. 4 the party started homeward. 
The first stop was at Fort Wayne, where several thousand 
Hoosiers welcomed their leader. Supt. Wall, of the Pitts- 
burg and Fort Wayne Railroad, introduced the general, 
who spoke as follows : 

My Friends I desire to thank you for this cordial demonstration. 
I thank you not so much for myself as for the party to which most 
of us have given the consent of our minds. I am glad to know 
that the people are moved to a thoughtful consideration of those 
questions which are this year presented for their determination. 
Under a popular government like ours it is of the first importance 
that every man who votes should have some reason for his vote ; 
that every man who attaches himself to this or that political party 
should intelligently understand both the creed and the purposes of 
the party to which he belongs. I think it is universally conceded 
by Democrats as well as by Republicans that the questions involved 
in this campaign do have a very direct bearing upon the national 
prosperity, and upon the prosperity and welfare of the individual 
citizen. I think it is conceded that the result of this election will 
affect beneficently or injuriously our great manufacturing interests, 
and will affect for weal or for woe the workingmen and working 
women who fill these busy hives of industry. [Applause.] This 
much is conceded. I do not intend to-day to argue the question in 
any detail. I want to call your attention to a few general facts 
and principles, and the first one the one I never tire of mention- 
ing ; the one I deem so important that I do not shun the charge 
that I am repeating myself is this : that the condition of the wage- 
workers of America is better than that of the wage workers of any 
other country in the world. [Applause. ] Now, if that be true, it 
is important that you should each find out why it is so ; that each 
one of you should determine for himself .what effect a protective 
tariff has had and is likely to have upon his wages and his pros- 



100 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

perity. Does it need to be demonstrated that if we reduce our tariff 
to a revenue level, if we abolish from it every consideration of pro- 
tection, more goods will come in from abroad than come in now? 
And what is the necessary effect? It is the transfer to foreign shops 
of work that you need here ; it is to diminish American production 
and increase English production. 

That is to be the effect of it. It is not worth while to stand 
upon nice definitions as to free trade. Some think it enough to 
say that they are not free-traders because they are not in favor of 
abolishing all customs duties. Let me remind such that the free- 
trade countries of Europe, recognized to be such, have not abolished 
all customs duties. A better distinction is this : The free-trader 
believes in levying customs duties without any regard to the effect 
of those duties upon the wages of our working people, or vipon the 
production of our own shops. This, then, is the issue. Take it 
to your homes. There are many confusing and contradictory state- 
ments made in the public press and by public speakers. Ask any 
of those who assail our protective system whether they do not 
believe that if their policy is adopted a larger amount of foreign- 
made goods will come into this country. It is their purpose to 
increase importation in order to cheapen prices. I think I may 
safely ask you to consider the question whether this cheapening 
of prices, which they seem to regard as the highest attainment of 
statesmanship, is consistent with the rate of wages that our work- 
ing people enjoy now , whether it w r ill not involve if we are to 
have foreign competition without favoring duties a reduction of 
American wages to the standard of the wages paid abroad. 
[Applause.] Do you believe for one moment that two factories 
making the same product can be maintained in competition when 
one pays thirty- three per cent, more to its workingmen than the 
other? Is it not certain that wages must be equalized in those 
competing establishments or the one paying the higher wages must 
shut down? [Applause and cries, "That's the thing !"] Herein 
this city of Fort Wayne, so important and so prosperous, we have a 
fine illustration of the accruing advantages of a large factory and 
shop population. It has made your city prosperous as well as pop- 
ulous, and it has made these outlying Allen County farms vastly 
more valuable than they otherwise would have been. These interests 
harmonize. But I only want to ask you to think upon these ques- 
tions ; settle them in your own minds, for it is agreed by all that, 
as they shall be settled one way or the other, your interests and 
those of your families and of this community, and of every other 
like community in this country, are to be affected, favorably or 



HARRISOX'S SPEECHES. 101 

unfavorably. May I not appeal to you to review these questions, 
to throw off the shackles of preconceived notions and of party preju- 
dices, and consider them anew in the light of all the information 
that is accessible to you? If you shall do that I do not doubt that 
the \vorking people of this country will this November forever 
settle the question that American customs duties shall by intention, 
by forethought, have regard to the wages of our working people. 
[Applause. ] 

And now, if you will pardon further speech, I shall be glad to 
avail myself of the arrangements which the committee have pro- 
vided to greet personally any of you who may desire to greet me. 
[Prolonged applause and cheers.] 



HUNTINGTON. INI)., SEPTEMBER 4. 

THE next stop was at Huntington, where two thousand 
people were congregated. 

In response to repeated calls General Harrison said : 

My Friends Our stop here is altogether too brief for me to 
attempt to speak ; yet I cannot refrain from expressing to you, my 
friends of Huntington County, my sincere and grateful appreciation 
for the evidence of your kindness in welcoming me so cordially to 
my home after a brief absence. I have not travelled very far this 
time, but I have seen nothing either on this visit, or any more 
extended visit that I have heretofore made, to win away my inter- 
ests and affection from the great State of Indiana. [Great applause. ] 
It is great in the capabilities, both of its soil and its citizenship 
[applause] ; great in its achievements during the war. When our 
country was imperilled no State more nobly or magnificently re- 
sponded to the demands which were made by the general Govern- 
ment for men to fight and to die for the flag. [Applause.] I am 
glad to greet in this audience to day my comrades of the war, and 
all who have gathered here. I beg to thank you again for your 
kindness. 



1 02 HARRISON ' S SI WKL'HES. 



PERU, IND., SEPTEMBER 4. 

AT Peru a committee, headed by Hon. A. C. Bearss and 
Giles W. Smith, waited upon General Harrison, who 
addressed an audience of over two thousand as follows : 

My Friends I am very much obliged to you for that kindness 
of feeling which your gathering here to-day evinces. I have had 
a brief visit for rest, and I am come back to my home with very 
kind feelings toward my friends in Indiana, who have, not only 
during this important campaign, but always, when I have appealed 
to them, treated me with the utmost consideration. I have not 
time to-day to discuss the issues of this campaign. They are ex- 
tremely important, and they will have a direct bearing upon the 
prosperity of our country. I can only ask you to think of them, 
and not to mistake the issue. It is very plain. It is the question of 
whether our tariff laws shall be a protection to American working- 
men and a protection to American manufacturing establishments. 
Those who advocate tariff for revenue only do not take any thought 
of our wage -workers, but let their interests take care of themselves. 
On the other hand the Republican party believes that high regard 
should be paid to the question what the effect will be upon wages 
and upon the protection of our American shops. Those who believe 
the doctrine agree with us ; and those who assail it, and say it is 
unconstitutional, as has recently been said by a distinguished citi- 
zen, would destroy our protective system if they could. We must 
believe so, because we must impute to them sincerity in what they 
say. I believe this campaign will settle for many years to come 
the question of whether legislation shall be intelligently directed 
in favor of the doctrine that we will, so far as maybe, see that our 
farmers may find home consumers for their home product, and that 
these populous manufacturing centres may give a larger value to 
the farms that lie about them. You have these questions to settle. 
They affect your interests as citizens I am sure that everything 
that regards them, as well as everything that regards the candidate, 
may be safely left in the kind hands of these intelligent citizens of 
Indiana and of the United States. [Great cheering.] 



JIAIUUSON'S SPEECHES. 



KOKOMO, IND., SEPTEMBER 4. 

THE city of Kokomo welcomed the party in the evening 
with a brilliant illumination by natural gas. Three thou- 
sand people were present. General Harrison said : 

My Friends I very much appreciate this spontaneous evidence 
of your friendliness. That so many of you should have gathered 
here this evening to greet us on our return home after a brief 
absence from the State is very gratifying to me. Kokomo has 
been for many years a very prosperous place. It has been the happy 
home of a very intelligent and very thrifty people You are now, 
however, realizing a development more rapid and much greater 
than the most sanguine among you could have anticipated three 
years ago. The large increase in the number and business of your 
manufacturing establishments, the coming here from other parts of 
the country of enterprising men with their capital to set up man- 
ufacturing plants, has excited your interest and has promoted 
your development. There is not a resident of Kokomo, there is not 
a resident of Howard County, who does not rejoice in this great 
prosperity. I am sure there is not a man or woman in this city 
who does not realize that this new condition of things gives to 
your boys, who are growing up, new avenues of useful thrift. It 
opens to those who might otherwise have pursued common labor 
access to skilled trades and higher compensation. There is not a 
merchant in Kokomo who does not appreciate the added trade 
which comes to his store. There is not a farmer in Howard County 
who has not realized the benefits of a home market for his crops 
[applause and cries of "Good!"], and especially for those perishable 
products of the farm which do not bear distant transportation. 
Now I submit to your consideration, in the light of these new 
facts, whether, you have not a very deep interest in the protection 
of our domestic industries and the maintenance of the American 
standard of wages. There can be no mistaking the issue this year. 
In previous campaigns it has been observed by evasive platform 
declarations. It is now so clear that all men can understand it. 
I would leave this thought with you : Will the prosperity that is 
now realized by you, and that greater prosperity which you antici- 
pate, be better advanced by the continuance of the protective 
policy or by its destruction? 



104 HAKRISOX'S SPEECHES. 



TIPTON, IND., SEPTEMBER 4. 

AT Tipton Junction, where several hundred people had 
congregated, General Harrison said : 

My Friends There is no time this evening for me to say more 
than that I thank you very sincerely for this cordial evidence of 
your kindly feeling. I will not have time to discuss any public 
questions. You will consider them for yourselves, and can have 
ready access to all necessary information. 



NOBLESVILLE, IND., SEPTEMBER 4. 

AT Noblesville the train was met by a special from 
Indianapolis, bearing the Columbia Club, a uniformed 
organization of three hundred prominent young men, who 
had come to escort General Harrison to his home. 

To the assembled citizens of Noblesville the general 
said: 

My Friends You are very kind, and I am grateful for this mani- 
festation of your kindness. I cannot speak to you at any length to- 
night. You are in the "gas belt" of Indiana. The result of the 
discovery of this new fuel has been the rapid development of your 
towns. You have shown your enterprise by hospitably opening 
the way for the coming of new industrial enterprises. You have 
felt it worth while not only to invite them, but to offer pecuniary 
inducements for them to come. If it has been worth while to do 
so much in the hope of developing your town and to add value to 
your farms by making a home market for your farm product, is it 
not also worth your while so to vote this fall as to save and enlarge 
these new industrial enterprises? [Applause.] Let rne acknowl- 
edge a new debt of gratitude to my friends of Hamilton County, 
who have often before made me their debtor, and bid you good- 
night. 



HAJtRlSOX'S SPEECHES. 105 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 4. 

THE home-coming of General Harrison was a veritable 
ovation. Fifteen thousand people greeted and accompanied 
him to his residence, led by the Columbia Club, the 
Veterans' Regiment, and the Railroad Men's Club. Es- 
corted by Gen. Foster, Daniel M. Ransdell, and W. N. 
Harding, General Harrison standing in his own door- 
facing the great assembly, said : 

My Friends Two weeks ago to-day I left Indianapolis quietly 
for a brief season of rest. We met in Ohio very considerate and 
hospitable friends, who allowed nothing to be lacking to the enjoy- 
ment and comfort of our brief vacation. But, notwithstanding all 
the attractions of that island home in Lake Erie, we are to-night 
very happy to be again at home. The enthusiastic welcome you 
have extended to us has added grace and joy. I think I may 
conclude that nothing has happened since I have been gone that 
has disturbed your confidence or diminished your respect. [Great 
applause and cries of "No! no!"] At the outset of this campaign 
I said I would confidently commit all that was personal to myself 
to the keeping of the intelligent and fair-minded citizens of Indiana. 
[Applause.] We will go on our way in this campaign upon that 
high and dignified plane upon which it has been pitched, so far as 
it lay in our power, commending the principles of our party to 
the intelligent interest of our fellow-citizens, and trusting to truth 
and right for the victory. [Applause.] Most gratefully I acknowl- 
edge the affectionate interest which has been shown to-night by my 
old comrades of the war. [Applause. ] I am glad to know that in 
this veteran organization there are many who have heretofore 
differed with me in political opinion, but who are drawn in this 
campaign, by a sense of our common interests, to cast in their 
influence with us. I desire also to thank the Railroad Club for 
their kind greetings. There has been a special significance in 
their friendly organization, and I am grateful, also, to the mem- 
bers of the Columbia Club for their part in this demonstration. 
Now, with an overwhelming sense of inability to respond fittingly 
to your cordiality and kindness, I can only thank you once more 
and bid you good-night. [Applause.] 



100 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 6. 

ON the night of Sept. G General Harrison, in company 
with General A. P. Hovey, Ex-Gov. A. G. Porter, Hon. 
James N". Huston, Hon. R. B. F. Pierce, Judge Walker, 
and other friends, reviewed from the balcony of the New- 
Denison Hotel ten thousand marching Republicans. 

It was one of the most brilliant and successful demon- 
strations of the campaign. The great line was composed of 
eighty-two Republican clubs and associations of the city 
of Indianapolis, commanded by Chief Marshal Hon. Geo. 
W. Spahr, assisted by the following mounted aids: 
Major Geo. Herriott, Moses G. McLain, Dan'l M. Rans- 
dell, Thomas F. Ryan, W. H. H. Miller, John B. Elam, 
Dr. Austin Morris, Col. I. 1ST. Walker, Wm. L. Taylor, 
W. A. Pattison, Capt. O. H. Hibben, Charles 'Murray, 
Ed. Thompson, Charles Wright, S. D. Pray, J. .E. Has- 
kell, Wm. Thomas, W. H. Tucker, Joseph Forbes, Ed. 
Harmon, Lou Wade, John W. Bowlus, M. L. Johnson, 
Miles Reynolds, W. E. Tousey, R. H. Rees, and W. D. 
Wiles. 

The column was divided into four divisions, commanded 
by Col. N. R. Ruckle, Col. James B. Black, Horace 
McKay, and Hon. Stanton J. Peelle. A great mass-meet- 
ing followed the parade, and the issues of the campaign 
were presented by General Hovey, Gov. Porter and Hon. 
John M. Butler. 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 8. 

GENERAL HARRISON on this date received perhaps the 
most unique delegation of the campaign : a band of one 
hundred girls and misses, aged from seven to fifteen years, 
organized by Mrs. Mattie McCorkle. At their head rode 
Master Charles Pettijohn, six years old, mounted upon a 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 107 

pony, followed by a drum corps of eight young boys. The 
girls marched four abreast, dressed in uniforms of red, 
white and blue, carrying mounted Japanese lanterns. 
They were commanded by Miss Florence Schilling. After 
singing "Marching through Georgia," Master Petti John, 
on behalf of the young ladies, presented the general a 
handsome bouquet and made an address. General Harri- 
son honored the young orator and the club with a speech, 
and said : 

When some one asked this afternoon, over the telephone, if I 
would receive some children who wanted to pay me a visit, I gave 
a very cheerful consent, because I thought I saw a chance to have 
a good time. That you little ones would demand a speech from 
me never entered my mind, nor did I expect to see a company so 
prettily uniformed and so well drilled, both in marching and in 
song. 

Children have always been attractive to me. I have found not 
only entertainment but instruction in their companionship. Little 
ones often say wise things. In the presence of such a company as 
this, one who has any aspirations for the things that are good and 
pure cannot fail to have them strengthened. The kind words you 
have addressed to me in song come, I am sure, from sincere and 
loving hearts, and I am very grateful for them and for your visit. 
Some of the best friends I have are under ten j^ears of age, and after 
to-night I am sure I shall have many more, for all your names will 
be added. 

And now I hope you will all come in where we can see you and 
show you whatever there is in our home to interest you. I would 
like you all to feel that we will be glad if you will come to see us 
often. 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 10. 

GENERAL HARRISON'S visitors to-day comprised six 
hundred G. A. R. veterans and their wives from North- 
western Kansas en route to the Grand Encampment 
under the lead of General W. H. Caldwell, Frank McGrath, 
C. E. Monell, W. S. Search, Dr. A. Patten, J. W. Gar- 
ner, and Dr. J. R. King, of Beloit, Kan. Colonel W. C. 



108 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Whitney, Commander of the First Division, was orator, 
and assured General Harrison that ".Kansas grew more 
corn and more babies than any other State in the Union." 
In response the General said : 

My Comrades I have a choice to make and you have one. I 
can occupy the few moments I have to spare either in public address 
or in private, personal greeting. I think you would prefer, as I 
shall prefer, to omit the public speech that I may be presented to 
each of you. [Cries of "Good! Good !"] I beg you, therefore, to 
permit me only to say that I very heartily appreciate this greeting 
from my comrades of Kansas. 

The bond that binds us together as soldiers of the late war is one 
that is enduring and close. No party considerations can break it ; 
it is stronger than political ties, and we are able thus in our Grand 
Army associations to come together upon that broad and high plane 
of fraternity, loyalty, and charity. [Applause and cries of "Good ! 
Good !"] Let me now, if it be your pleasure, extend a comrade's 
hand to each of you. [Applause. ] 



GENERAL HARRISON'S LETTER OF ACCEPTANCE. 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., September 11, 1888. 

HON. M. M. ESTEE AND OTHERS, COMMITTEE, ETC. : 

Gentlemen When your committee visited me, on the Fourth of 
July last, and presented the official announcement of my nomination 
for the presidency of the United States by the Republican conven- 
tion, I promised as soon as practicable to communicate to you a 
more formal acceptance of the nomination. Since that time the 
work of receiving and addressing, almost daily, large delegations 
of my fellow-citizens has not only occupied all of my time, but has 
in some measure rendered it unnecessary for me to use this letter 
as a medium of communicating to the public my views upon the 
questions involved in the campaign. I appreciate very highly the 
confidence and respect manifested by the convention, and accept 
the nomination with a feeling of gratitude and a full sense of the 
responsibilities which accompany it. 

It is a matter of congratulation that the declarations of the Chi 
ca,go convention upon the questions that now attract the interest of 
our people are so clear and emphatic. There is further cause of 
congratulation in the fact that the convention utterances of the 
Democratic party, if in any degree uncertain or contradictory, can 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 100 

now be judged and interpreted by executive acts and messages, 
and by definite propositions in legislation. This is especially true 
of what is popularly known as the Tariff question. The issue can- 
not now be obscured. It is not a contest between schedules, but 
between wide-apart principles. The foreign competitors for our 
market have, with quick instinct, seen how one issue of this con- 
test may bring them advantage, and our own people are not so dull 
as to miss or neglect the grave interests that are involved for them. 
The assault upon our protective system is open and defiant. Pro- 
tection is assailed as unconstitutional in law, or as vicious in prin- 
ciple, and those who hold such views sincerely cannot stop short 
of an absolute elimination from our tariff larws of the principle of 
protection. The Mills bill is only a step, but it is toward an object 
that the leaders of Democratic thought and legislation have clearly 
in mind. The important question is not so much the length of 
the step as the direction of it. Judged by the executive message 
of December last, by the Mills bill, by the debates in Congress, and 
by the St. Louis platform, the Democratic party will, if supported 
by the country, place the tariff laws upon a purely revenue basis. 
This is practical free trade free trade in the English sense. The 
legend upon the banner may not be "Free Trade" it may be the 
more obscure motto, "Tariff Reform ; " but neither the banner nor 
the inscription is conclusive, or, indeed, very important. The as- 
sault itself is the important fact. 

Those who teach that the import duty upon foreign goods sold 
in our market is paid by the consumer, and that the price of the 
domestic competing article is enhanced to the amount of the duty 
on the imported article that every million of dollars collected for 
customs duties represents many millions more which do not reach 
the treasury, but are paid by our citizens as the increased cost of 
domestic productions resulting from the tariff laws may not intend 
to discredit in the minds of others our system of levying duties on 
competing foreign products, but it is clearly already discredited in 
their own. We cannot doubt, without impugning their integrity, 
that if free to act upon their convictions they would so revise our 
laws as to lay the burden of the customs revenue upon articles that 
are not produced in this country, and to place upon the free list 
all competing foreign products. I do not stop to refute this theory 
as to the effect of our tariff duties. Those who advance it are 
students of maxims and not of the markets. They may be safely 
allowed to call their project " Tariff Reform, " if the people under- 
stand that in the end the argument compels free trade in all com- 
peting products. This end may not be reached abruptly, and its 



110 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

approach may be accompanied with some expressions of sympathy 
for our protected industries and our working people, but it will 
certainly come if these early steps do not arouse the people to effec- 
tive resistance. 

The Republican party holds that a protective tariff is constitu- 
tional, wholesome, and necessary . We do not offer a fixed schedule, 
but a principle. We will revise the schedule, modify rates, but 
always with an intelligent provision as to the effect upon domestic 
productions and the wages of our working people. We believe it 
to be one of the worthy objects of tariff legislation to preserve 
the American market for American producers, and to maintain the 
American scale of wages by adequate discriminative duties upon 
foreign competing products. The effect of lower rates and larger 
importations upon the public revenue is contingent and doubtful, 
but not so the effect upon American production and American 
wages. Less work and lower wages must be accepted as the inevit- 
able result of the increased offering of foreign goods in our mar- 
ket. By way of recompense for this reduction in his wages, and 
the loss of the American market, it is suggested that the diminished 
wages of the workingman will have an undiminished purchasing 
power, and that he will be able to make up for the loss of the home 
market by an enlarged foreign market. Our workingmen have 
the settlement of the question in their own hands. They now 
obtain higher wages and live more comfortably than those of any 
other country. They will make choice of the substantial advan- 
tages they have in hand and the deceptive promises and forecasts 
of these theorizing reformers. They will decide for themselves and 
for their country whether the protective system shall be continued 
or destroyed. 

The fact of a treasury surplus, the amount of which is variously 
stated, has directed public attention to a consideration of the 
methods by which the national income may best be reduced to the 
level of a wise and necessary expenditure. This condition has 
been seized upon by those who are hostile to protective customs 
duties as an advantageous base of attack upon our tariff laws. 
They have magnified and nursed the surplus, which they affect to 
deprecate, seemingly for the purpose of exaggerating the evil, in 
order to reconcile the people to the extreme remedy they propose. 
A proper reduction of the revenues does not necessitate, and should 
not suggest, the abandonment or impairment of the protective sys- 
tem. The methods suggested by our convention will not need to 
be exhausted in order to effect the necessary reduction. We are 
not likely to be called upon, I think, to make a present choice 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. Ill 

between the surrender of the protective system and the entire repeal 
of the internal taxes. Such a contingency, in view of the present 
relation of expenditures to revenues, is remote. The inspection 
and regulation of the manufacture and sale of oleomargarine is 
important, and the revenue derived from it is not so great that the 
repeal of the law need enter into any plan of revenue reduction. 
The surplus now in the treasury should be used in the purchase of 
bonds. The law authorizes this use of it, and if it is not needed 
for current or deficiency appropriations, the people, and not the 
banks in which it has been deposited, should have the advantage 
of its use by stopping interest upon the public debt. At least those 
who needlessly hoard it should not be allowed to use the fear of 
a monetary stringency, thus produced, to coerce public sentiment 
upon other questions. 

Closely connected with the subject of the tariff is that of the 
importation of foreign laborers under contracts of service to be per- 
formed here. The law now in force prohibiting such contracts 
received my cordial support in the Senate, and such amendments 
as may be found necessary effectively to deliver our working men 
and women from this most inequitable form of competition will 
have my sincere advocacy. Legislation prohibiting the importa- 
tion of laborers under contract to serve here will, however, afford 
very inadequate relief to our working people if the system of pro- 
tective duties is broken down. If the products of American shops 
must compete in the American market, without favoring duties, 
with the products of cheap foreign labor the effect will be differ- 
ent, if at all, only in degree, whether the cheap laborer is across 
the street or over the sea. Such competition will soon reduce wages 
here to the level of those abroad, and when that condition is 
reached we will not need any laws forbidding the importation of 
laborers under contract they will have no inducement to come, 
and the employer no inducement to send for them. 

In the earlier years of our history public agencies to promote 
immigration were common. The pioneer wanted a neighbor with 
more friendly instincts than the Indian. Labor was scarce and 
fully employed. But the day of the immigration bureau has gone 
by. While our doors will continue open to proper immigration, 
we do not need to issue special invitations to the inhabitants of 
other countries to come to our shores or to share our citizenship. 
Indeed, the necessity of some inspection and limitation is obvi- 
ous. We should resolutely refuse to permit foreign governments 
to send their paupers and criminals to our ports. We are also 
clearly under a duty to defend our civilization by excluding alien 



112 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

races whose ultimate assimilation with our people is neither possi- 
ble nor desirable. The family has been the nucleus of our best 
immigration, and the home the most potent assimilating force in 
our civilization. 

The objections to Chinese immigration are distinctive and con- 
clusive, and are now so generally accepted as such that the question 
has passed entirely beyond the stage of argument. The laws relat- 
ing to this subject would, if I should be charged with their enforce- 
ment, be faithfully executed. Such amendments or further legisla- 
tion as may be necessary and proper to prevent evasions of the laws 
and to stop further Chinese immigration would also meet my ap- 
proval. The expression of the convention upon this subject is in 
entire harmony with my views. 

Our civil compact is a government by majorities, and the law loses 
its sanction and the magistrate our respect when this compact is 
broken. The evil results of election frauds do not expend them- 
selves upon the voters who are robbed of their rightful influence in 
public affairs. The individual or community or party that prac- 
tises or connives at election frauds has suffered irreparable injury, 
and will sooner or later realize that to exchange the American 
system of majority rule for minority control is not only unlawful 
and unpatriotic, but very unsafe for those who promote it. The 
disf ranch isement of a single legal elector by fraud or intimidation 
is a crime too grave to be regarded lightly. The right of eveiy 
qualified elector to cast one free ballot and to have it honestly 
counted must not be questioned. Every constitutional power should 
be used to make this right secure and to- punish frauds upon the 
ballot. 

Our colored people do not ask special legislation in their interest, 
but only to be made secure in the common rights of American citi- 
zenship. They will, however, naturally mistrust the sincerity of 
those party leaders who appeal to their race for support only in 
those localities where the suffrage is free and election results 
doubtful, and compass their disf ranch isement where their votes 
would be controlling and their choice cannot be coerced. 

The Nation, not less than the States, is dependent for prosperity 
and security upon the intelligence and morality of the people. 
This common interest very early suggested national aid in the 
establishment and endowment of schools and colleges in the new 
States. There is, I believe, a present exigency that calls for still 
more liberal and direct appropriations in aid of common school 
education in the States. 

The territorial form of government is a temporary expedient, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 113 

not a permanent civil condition. It is adapted to the exigency 
that suggested it, but becomes inadequate, and even oppressive, 
when applied to fixed and populous communities. Several Terri- 
tories are well able to bear the burdens and discharge the duties of 
free commonwealths in the American Union. To exclude them 
is to deny the just rights of their people, and may well excite their 
indignant protest. No question of the political preference of the 
"people of a Territory should close against them the hospitable door 
which has opened to two thirds of the- existing States. But ad- 
missions should be resolutely refused to any Territory a majority 
of whose people cherish institutions that are repugnant to our 
civilization or inconsistent with a republican form of government. 

The declaration of the convention against " all combinations of 
capital, organized in trusts or otherwise, to control arbitrarily the 
condition of trade among our citizens, " is in harmony with the 
views entertained and publicly expressed by me long before the 
assembling of the convention. Ordinarily, capital shares the losses 
of idleness with labor ; but under the operation of the trust, in 
some of its forms, the wageworker alone suffers loss, while idle 
capital receives its dividends from a trust fund. Producers who 
refuse, to join the combination are destroyed, and competition as 
an element of prices is eliminated. It cannot be doubted that the 
legislative authority should and will find a method of dealing fairly 
and effectively with those and other abuses connected with this 
subject. 

It can hardly be necessary for me to say that I am heartily in 
sympathy w r ith the declaration of the convention upon the subject 
of pensions to our soldiers and sailors. What they gave and what 
they suffered I had some opportunity to observe, and, in a small 
measure, to experience. They gave ungrudgingly ; it was not a 
trade, but an offering. The measure was heaped up, running over. 
What they achieved only a. distant generation can adequately tell. 
Without attempting to discuss particular propositions, I may add 
that measures in behalf of the surviving veterans of the war and of 
the families of their dead comrades should be conceived and ex- 
ecuted in a spirit of justice and of the most grateful liberality, and 
that, in the competition for civil appointments, honorable military 
service should have appropriate recognition. 

The law regulating appointments to the classified civil service 
received my support in the Senate in the belief that it opened the 
way to a much-needed reform. I still think so, and, therefore, 
cordially approve the clear and forcible expression of the conven- 
tion upon this subject. The law should have the aid of a friendly 

8 



114 HARRISONS SPEECHES. 

interpretation and be faithfully and vigorously enforced. All ap- 
pointments under it should be absolutely free from partisan con- 
siderations and influence. Some extensions of the classified list 
are practicable and desirable, and further legislation extending the 
reform to other brandies of the service to which it is applicable 
would receive my approval. In appointment to every grade and 
department, fitness, and not party service, should be the essential 
and discriminating test, and fidelity and efficiency the only sure" 
tenure of office. Only the interests of the public service should sug- 
gest removals from office. I know the practical difficulties attend- 
ing the attempt to apply the spirit of the civil service rules to all 
appointments and removals. It will, however, be my sincere pur- 
pose, if elected, to advance the reform. 

I notice with pleasure that the convention did not omit to 
express its solicitude for the promotion of virtue and temperance 
among our people. The Republican party has always been friendly 
to everything that tended to make the home life of our people free, 
pure, and prosperous, and will in the future be true to its history 
in this respect. 

Our relations with foreign powers should be characterized by 
friendliness and respect. The right of our people and of our ships 
to hospitable treatment should be insisted upon with dignity and 
firmness. Our Nation is too great, both in material strength and 
in moral power to indulge in bluster or to be suspected of timer - 
ousness. Vacillation and inconsistency are as incompatible with 
successful diplomacy as they are with the national dignity. We 
should especially cultivate and extend our diplomatic and commer- 
cial relations with the Central and South American States. Our 
fisheries should be fostered and protected. The hardships and 
risks that are the necessary incidents of the business should not 
be increased by an inhospitable exclusion from the near-lying ports. 
The resources of a firm dignified, and consistent diplomacy are un- 
doubtedly equal to the prompt and peaceful solution of the difficul- 
ties that now exist. Our neighbors will surely not expect in our 
ports a commercial hospitality they deny to us in theirs. 

I cannot extend this letter by a special reference to other subjects 
upon which the convention gave an expression. 

In respect to them, as well as to those I have noticed, I am in 
entire agreement with the declarations of the convention. The 
resolutions relating to the coinage, to the rebuilding of the navy, 
to coast defences, and to public lands, express conclusions to all of 
which I gave my support in the Senate. 

Inviting a calm and thoughtful consideration of these public 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 115 

questions, we submit them to the people. Their intelligent patriot- 
ism and the good Providence that made and has kept us a Nation 
will lead them to wise and safe conclusions. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

BENJAMIN HARRISON. 



CLAYTON, IND. , SEPTEMBER 13. 
Reunion of the Seventieth Indiana Regiment. 

GENERAL HARRISON, accompanied by Mrs. Harrison 
and Mrs. McKee, on September 13 attended the four- 
teenth reunion of the Seventieth Indiana Regimental Asso- 
ciation at Clayton village, Hendricks County. 

The Seventieth Regiment was recruited from the coun- 
ties of Hendricks, Johnson and Marion. Of the one hun- 
dred and fifty-nine regiments sent to the front by Indiana, 
but few, if any, achieved a more honorable and distin- 
guished record. It was the first regiment to report for 
duty under President Lincoln's call of July, '62, and was 
recruited in less than a month by Second Lieutenant 
Benjamin Harrison. 

After the regiment had been recruited Lieutenant Harri- 
son was elected Captain of Company A, and when the 
regiment was organized, August 7, 1862, Captain Harrison 
was commissioned its colonel. It left Indianapolis for 
the front August 13, 1862, and returned thirty-four months 
later, with a loss of 189 men. It participated in eleven 
engagements, including Resaca, Kenesaw, Marietta, Peach 
Tree Creek, Atlanta, Savannah and Bentonville. The regi- 
ment was a part of Sherman's army, and was attached 
to the First Brigade, Third Division, Twentieth Corps. 
For several years past General Harrison has been succes- 
sively chosen President of the Regimental Association. 

Several hundred veterans, with their families, accom- 
panied the General from Indianapolis, and were greeted at 
Clayton by five thousand people. Three hundred veter- 
ans of the Seventieth saluted their Colonel as he walked 



110 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

to the front and, assuming command, led the column 
to a neighboring grove, where the exercises of the day 
were held. It was the largest reunion in the history 
of the Association. Among the prominent non-resident 
members in attendance were Lieutenant-Colonel James 
Burghs, of Topeka; Capt. Wm. M. Meredith, Chicago (he 
was captain of Company E, the color company of the regi- 
ment) ; Captain Tansey, now Judge, of "Winfield, Kansas ; 
Captain Willis Record, of Nebraska ; Lieutenant Harden- 
brook and Private Snow, of Kansas, and Cyrus Butter- 
field, of Minneapolis. The orator of the day was Comrade 
J.M. Brown. 

General Harrison, as President of the Association, pre- 
sided. The proceedings were opened with prayer by Com- 
rade J.H. Meteer, followed by an address of welcome by 
Miss Mary L. Mitchell, daughter of Captain W. C. 
Mitchell, who directed her closing remarks to General Har- 
rison. 

With great earnestness the General replied as follows : 
Miss Mitchell I feel quite incompetent to discharge the duty that 
now devolves upon me that of making suitable response to the 
touching, cordial and sympathetic words which you have addressed 
to us. We thank you and the good citizens of Clayton, for whom 
you have spoken, that you have opened your hearts so fully to us 
to-day. I am sure we have never assembled under circumstances 
more attractive than those that now surround us. The mellow sun- 
shine of this autumn-time that falls upon us, the balmy air which 
moves the leaves of those shadowing trees, the sweet calm and spell 
of nature that is over everything, makes the day one of those that 
may be described in the language of the old poet as 
"A bridal of the earth and sky." 

Your hospitable welcome makes us feel at home, and in behalf 
of this large representation of our regiment, possibly the largest 
that has assembled since the close of the war, gathered not only 
from these adjacent counties, but from distant homes beyond the 
Mississippi and the Missouri, I give you to-day in return our 
mcst hearty thanks for your great kindness. 

The autumn-time is a fit time for our gathering, for our spring- 
time is gone. It was in the spring-time of our lives that we heard 



HARRISON' ,S XPJKKCHKN. 117 

onr country's call. Full of vigor and youth and patriotism, we 
responded to it. The exhaustion of march and camp and battle, and 
the civil strife of the years that have passed since the close of the 
war, have left their marks upon us, and, as we gather from year 
to year, we notice the signs of advancing age, and the roster of 
our dead is lengthened. We are reminded by the minutes of our 
last meeting, that have been read, of the presence at our last reunion 
of that faithful and beloved officer who went out from this county, 
Major Reagan. With a prophetic instinct of what was before him, 
he told us then that it was probably the last time that he should 
gather with us. God has verified the thought that was in his mind, 
and that simple, true-hearted, brave comrade has been enrolled 
with the larger company. W T e are glad to-day to be together, yet 
our gladness is sobered. As 1 look into those familiar faces I notice 
a deep sense of satisfaction, but I have not failed to observe that 
there are tears in many eyes. We are not moved to tears by any 
sense of regret that we gave some service to our country and to its 
flag, but only by the sense that we are not all here to-day, and 
that all who are here will never gather again in a meeting like 
this. We rejoice that we were permitted to make some contribu- 
tion to the glory and credit and perpetuity of the Nation we love. 
[Applause.] 

Comrades who served under other regimental flags and who have 
gathered here with us to-day, we do not boast of higher motives or 
greater service than yours. We welcome you to a participation in 
our reunion. We fully acknowledge that you had a full possibly 
a fuller share than we in the great achievements of the war. We 
claim only this for the Seventieth Indiana that we went into the 
service with the full purpose to respond to every order [cries of 
"That's so!"], and that we never evaded a fight or turned our backs 
to the enemy. [Applause.] We are not here to exalt ourselves, 
but I cannot omit to say that a purer, truer self-consecration to 
the flag and country was never offered than by you and your dead 
comrades who, in 1862, mustered for the defence of the Union. 
[Applause.] 

It was not in the heyday of success, it was not under the impres- 
sion that sixty days would end the war, that you were mustered. 
It was when the clouds hung low and disasters were thick. Buell 
was returning from the Tennessee, Kirby Smith coming through 
Cumberland Gap, and McClellan had been defeated on the Penin- 
sula. It seemed as if the frown of God was on our cause. It was 
then, in that hour of stress, that you pledged your hearts and lives 
to the country [applause] , in the sober realization that the war was 



118 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

a desperate one, in which thousands were to die. We are glad that 
God has spared us to see the magnificent development and increase 
in strength and honor which has come to us as a Nation, and in 
the glory that has been woven into the flag we love. [Great 
applause.] We are glad that with most of us the struggle in life 
has not left us defeat, if it has not crowned us with the highest 
successes. We are veterans and yet citizens, pledged, each accord- 
ing to his own conscience and thought, to do that which will best 
promote the glory of our country and best conserve and set in our 
public measures those patriotic thoughts and purposes that took us 
into the war. [Applause. ] It is my wish to-day that every rela- 
tion I occupy to the public or to a political party might be abso- 
lutely forgotten [cries of ''Good! good!"], and that I might for 
this day, among these comrades, be thought of only as a comrade 
your old Colonel. [Great applause. ] 

Nothing has given me more pleasure on this occasion than to 
notice, as I passed through your streets, so beautifully and so taste- 
fully decorated, that the poles that have been reared by the great 
parties were intertwined [applause] and now I remind myself 
that I am not the orator of this occasion [cries of "Go on !"], but its 
presiding officer. The right discharge of that duty forbids much 
talking. 

Comrades of the Seventieth Indiana, comrades of all these asso- 
ciated regiments, I am glad to meet you. Nothing shall sever that 
bond, I hope. Nothing that I shall ever say, nothing that I shall 
ever do, will weaken it. And now, if you will permit me again 
to acknowledge the generous hospitality of this community, and 
in your behalf to return them our most sincere thanks, I will close 
these remarks and proceed with the programme which has been 
provided. 

General Harrison was unanimously re-elected President 
of the Association, Colonel Samuel Merrill Vice-President, 
M. G. McLean Secretary, Major James L. Mitchell 
Treasurer. 

When the motion was put by one of the veterans on the 
adoption of the report re-electing General Harrison to the 
presidency of the Association, the veterans answered with 
a " Yea" that brought cheer upon cheer from the crowd. 

General Harrison, visibly affected, simply said : " I 
feel myself crowned again to-day by this evidence of com- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 119 

radeship of the old soldiers of the Seventieth Indiana." 
[Cheers.] 

On his return from Clayton, General Harrison was 
visited at his residence by fifty veterans of Potter Post, 
G. A. R., Sycamore, 111., en route home from the Columbus 
encampment. They were introduced by General E. F. 
Button, colonel of the One Hundred and Fifth Illinois In- 
fantry, and commander of the Second Brigade, Third Di- 
vision of the Twentieth Army Corps. 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 14. 

ALL trains arriving from the East this day brought large 
delegations of homeward-bound veterans from the Colum- 
bus, Ohio, encampment. The first to arrive was one 
hundred veterans of Ransom Post, St. Louis General Sher- 
man's Post who were introduced by Col. Murphy. Gen- 
eral Harrison, responding to their greeting, said : 

Comrades I esteem it a pleasure to be able to associate with you 
by the use of that form of address. I know of no human organiza- 
tion that can give a better reason for its existence than the Grand 
Army of the Republic. [Cries of "Good!"] It needs no 'argu- 
ment to justify it, it stands unassailable, and admits of no criti- 
cism from any quarter. Its members have rendered that service to 
their country in war, and they maintain now, in peace, that honor- 
able, courageous citizenship that entitles them to every patriot's 
respect. I thank you for this visit, and will be glad if you will 
now allow me to welcome you to my home. 

In the afternoon the streets of Indianapolis were over- 
flowing with marching veterans from Illinois, Minnesota, 
Missouri, Wisconsin, and Kansas, headed by the National 
Drum Corps of Minneapolis, and commanded by Depart- 
ment Commander Col. James A. Sexton, of Chicago, and a 
brilliant staff. The great column passed through the city 
out to the Harrison residence. Conspicuous at the head of 
the line marched the distinguished Governor of Wiscon- 



120 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

sin, General Jere M. Rusk, surrounded by his staff of 
seventeen crippled veterans, among whom were Capt. E. 
G. Fimme, Secretary of State of Wisconsin ; Col. H. B. 
Harshaw, State Treasurer; C. E. Estabrook, Attorney- 
General; Philip Cheek, Insurance Commissioner; Col. H. 
P. Fischer, Maj. J. R. Curran, Maj. F. L. Phillips, Maj. 
F. H. Conse; Captains W. W. Jones, H. W. Lovejoy, and 
W. H. McFarland. Eighty members of the Woman's 
Relief Corps accompanied the veterans, and were given 
positions of honor at the reception. When General Harri- 
son appeared he was tendered an ovation. Governor Rusk 
said : " Comrades I consider it both an honor and a pleas- 
ure in introducing to you the President of the United 
States for the next eight years General Benjamin Harri- 
son." [Cheers.] 

General Harrison responded as follows : 

Governor Rusk, Comrades of the Grand Army, and Ladies I did 
not suppose that the Constitution of our country would be sub- 
jected to so serious a fracture by the executive of one of our great 
States. [Laughter.] Four years is the constitutional term of the 
President. [Laughter. ] I am glad to see you ; I return your friendly 
greetings most heartily. Your association is a most worthy one. 
As I said to some comrades who visited me this morning, it has 
the best reason for its existence of any human organization that I 
know of. [Applause.] I am glad to know that your recent en- 
campment at Columbus was so largely attended, and was in all its 
circumstances so magnificent a success. The National Encamp- 
ment of the G. A.R. is an honor to any city. The proudest may 
well array itself in its best attire to welcome the Union veterans 
of the late war. In these magnificent gatherings, so impressive in 
numbers and so much more impressive in the associations they 
revive, there is a great teaching force. If it is worthwhile to build 
monuments to heroism and patriotic sacrifice that may stand as 
dumb yet eloquent instructors of the generation that is to come, so 
it is worth while that these survivors of the war assemble in their 
national encampments and inarch once more, unarmed, through 
the streets of our cities, whose peace and prosperity they have 
secured. [Applause.] 

Every man and every woman should do them honor. We have a 
body of citizen soldiers instructed in tactics and strategy and ac- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 121 

customed to the points of war that make this Nation very strong 
and formidable. I well remember that even in the second year of 
the war instructors in tactics were rare in our own camps. They 
are very numerous now. [Laughter.] Yet, while this Nation was 
never so strong in a great instructed, trained body of veteran 
soldiers, I think it was never more strongly smitten with the love 
of peace. The man that would rather fight than eat has not sur- 
vived the last war. [Laughter. ] He was laid away in an early 
grave or enrolled on the list of deserters. But he would be mis- 
taken who supposes that all the hardships of the war its cruel, hard 
memories would begin to frighten those veterans from the front 
if the flag was again assailed or the national security or dignity 
imperilled. [Applause and cries of "You are right!"] The war 
was also an educator in political economy. 

These veterans, who saw how the poverty of the South in the 
development of her manufacturing interests paralyzed the skill of 
her soldiers and the generalship of her captains, have learned to 
esteem and value our diversified manufacturing interests. [Ap- 
plause. ] You know that woollen mills and flocks would have been 
more valuable to the Confederacy than battalions ; that foundries 
and arsenals and skilled mechanical labor was the great lack of the 
Confederacy. You have learned that lesson so well that you will 
not wish our rescued country, by any fatal free-trade policy, to be 
brought to a like condition. [Applause and cries of "Good! 
good !"] And now, gentlemen, I had a stipulation that I was not 
to speak at all. [Laughter.] You will surely allow me now to 
stop this formal address, and to welcome my comrades to our home. 
[Applause. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 15. 

GENERAL HARRISON held three receptions this date. 
The first was tendered the Scott Rifles of Kansas City, all 
members of the G. A. R., en route home from the Colum- 
bus encampment. They wore the regulation blue uniform 
and carried muskets. Captain Brant introduced his com- 
pany, stating that in bringing their arms with them " they 
did not intend to do General Harrison any violence." The 
General responded : 

Captain and Comrades I did not need to be assured that comrades 
of the Grand Army, whether bearing arms or not, brought iiMe no 



122 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

peril. No loyal and orderly citizen will mistrust their friendliness. 
The people of Indiana will not ask that you procure any permit or 
give bond to keep the peace before passing through this loyal State 
with arms in your hands. 

I am especially complimented by the visit of this organized com- 
pany of the Missouri militia, composed wholly of Union veterans. 
It gives evidence that those who served in the Civil War are still 
watchful of the honor and safety of our country and its flag ; that 
our Government may rest with security upon the defence which 
our citizen -soldiers offer. 

And now, without alluding at all to any topic of partisan in- 
terest, I bid you welcome, and will be pleased to have a personal 
introduction to each of you, if that is your pleasure. 

The second reception was extended to a delegation of 
twelve hundred workingmen from New Albany, Floyd 
County, organized into political clubs, among whose leaders 
were Walter B. Godfrey, M. V. Mallory, Geo. B. Cardwell, 
M. M. Hurley, W. A. Maynor, Andrew Fite, Chas. R. 
Clarke, J. W. Edmonson. L. L. Pierce, Horace Brown, N". 
D. Morris, T. W. Armstrong, D. C. Anthony, John Halm, 
R. E. Burke, Albert Hopkins, F. D. Connor, Frank Norton, 
M. McDonald, M. H. Sparks, W. H. Russell, J. N. Peyton, 
Daniel Prosser, Geo. Roberts, and G. H. Pennington. A 
band of G. A. R. veterans from far-off Texas happened 
to be present at the reception, among them Col. J. C. De 
Gress, Win. Long, John Herman, S. C. Slade, W. H. Nye, 
W. H. Tuttle, Geo. A. Knight, and Dr. S. McKay. James 
A. Atkinson, a glassblower of the De Pauw works at New 
Albany, delivered an able address on behalf of the visitors. 
General Harrison responded as follows : 

My Felloiv- citizens There is something very distinctive, very 
interesting, and very instructive in this large delegation of work- 
ingmen from the city of New Albany Your fellow- workman 
and spokesman has so eloquently presented that particular issue 
upon which you have the greatest interest that I can add nothing 
to the force or conclusiveness of his argument. He has said that 
the interests of the workingmen were especially involved in the 
pending political contest. I think that is conceded even by our 
political opponents. I do not think there is a man so dull or so 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 123 

unfair as to deny that the reduction of our tariff rates so as to 
destroy the principle of protection now embodied in our laws will 
have an influence on your wages and on the production of your 
mills and factories. If this be true, then your interest in the ques- 
tion is apparent. You will want to know whether the influence 
of the proposed reduction of rates is to be beneficial or hurtful ; 
whether the effect will be to stimulate or diminish production ; 
whether it will be to maintain or increase the rate of wages you 
are now receiving, or to reduce them. As you shall settle these 
questions, so will you vote in November. [Applause.] 

No man can doubt that a reduction of duties will stimulate the 
importation of foreign merchandise. None of these plate-glass 
workers can doubt that a reduction of the duty upon plate -glass 
will increase the importation of French plate-gla,ss. 

None of these workers in your woollen mills can doubt that the 
reduction of the duty upon the product of their mills will increase 
the importation of foreign woollen goods. 

And, if that is true, is it not also clear that this increased im- 
portation of foreign-made goods means some idle workingmen in 
your mills? The party that favors such discriminating duties as 
will develop American production and secure the largest amount 
of work for our American shops is the party whose policy will pro- 
mote your interests. [Applause and cries of " Hit him again !"] 
I have heard it said by some leaders of Democratic thought that 
the reduction proposed by the Mills bill, and the further reduction 
which some of them are candid enough to admit they contemplate, 
will stimulate American production by opening foreign markets 
and that the interests of our Indiana manufacturing establishments 
would thus be promoted. But those who advance thi argument 
also say that it will not do to progress too rapidly in the direction 
of free trade that we must go slowly, because our protected indus- 
tries cannot stand too rapid an advance ; it would not be safe. 
[Laughter.] Now, my countrymen, if this plan of revenue reform 
is to be promotive of our manufacturing interests, why go slowly? 
Why not open the gates wide and let us have the promised good 
all at once? [Laughter and applause.] 

Is it that these philosophers think the cup of prosperity will be 
so sw^eet and full that our laboring people cannot be allowed to 
drink it at one draught? [Applause and cries of "Good! good!"] 
No, my countrymen, this statement implies what these gentlemen 
know to be true that the effect of the proposed legislation is 
diminished production and diminished wages, and they desire that 
you shall have an opportunity to get used to it. [Applause.] But 



124 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

I cannot press this discussion further. I want to thank you for 
the cordial things you have said to me by him who has spoken for 
you. I trust, and have always trusted, the intelligence and con- 
science of our working people. [Applause.] 

They will inevitably find out the truth, and when they find it 
they will justify it. Therefore, there are many things that have 
been said to which I have not and shall not allude while this con- 
test is on. They are with you : the truth is accessible to you, and 
you will find it. Now, thanking you most heartily for the personal 
respect you have evidenced, and congratulating you upon your 
intelligent devotion to that great American system which has 
spread a sky of hope above you and your children, I bid you good- 
by. [Cheers. ] 

The crowning event of the day was the reception of 
several hundred members of the Irish- American Republi- 
can Club of Cook County and Chicago. The visitors were 
met by the Home Irish- American Protection Club, Patrick 
A. Ward, President, assisted by the Columbia Club and 
several thousand citizens. Their demonstration was one 
of the most notable of the campaign. This club was the 
first political organization in the country to congratulate 
General Harrison on his nomination. The evening of 
June 25 the club met and adopted the following, which 
was telegraphed the General : 

The Irish-American Republican Club of Cook County, Illinois, 
congratulate you and the country upon your nomination. We 
greet the gallant soldier and true American, and rejoice with our 
fellow- citizens of every nationality in the glad assurance your 
nomination gives that the industries of our country will be pro- 
tected and the honor of the Nation maintained with the same 
courage and devotion that distinguished you on the bloody field of 
Resaca. We salute the next President of the Republic. 

NATHAN P. BRADY, President. 

Leaders of the delegation were Hon. John F. Finerty, 
F. J. Gleason, Dennis Ward, Richard Powers, and Messrs. 
Russell and O' Morey. Thomas F. Byron, of Lowell, 
Mass., founder of the Land League in America, accom- 
panied the club. In the absence of President Brady their 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 125 

spokesman was Mr. John F. Beggs. General Harrison 
delivered one of his happiest responses. He said : 

Mr. Beggs and my Friends of the Irish -American Republican Chib 
of Cook County, III. You were Irishmen, you are Americans 
[cheers] Irish- Americans [continued cheering], and though you 
have given the consecrated loyalty of your honest hearts, to the 
starry flag and your adopted country, you have not and you ought 
not to forget to love and venerate the land of your nativity. 
[Great applause.] If you could forget Ireland, if you could be un- 
moved by her minstrelsy, untouched by the appeals of her splendid 
oratory, unsympathetic with her heroes and martyrs, I should fear 
that the bonds of your new citizenship would have no power over 
hearts so cold and consciences so dead. [Cheers. ] 

What if a sprig of green were found upon the bloody jacket of a 
Union soldier who lay dead on Missionary Ridge? The flag he 
died for was his flag and the green was only a memory and an 
inspiration. 

We, native or Irish born, join with the Republican convention 
in the hope that the cause of Irish home rule, progressing under 
the leadership of Gladstone and Parnell [cheers] upon peaceful 
and lawful lines, may yet secure for Ireland that which as Ameri- 
cans we so much value local home rule. [Cheering. ] I am sure 
that you who have, in your own persons or in your worthy repre- 
sentatives, given such convincing evidence of your devotion to the 
American Constitution and flag and to American institutions will 
not falter in this great civil contest which your spokesman has so 
fittingly described. Who, if not Irish -Americans versed in the 
sad story of the commercial ruin of the island they love, should be 
instructed in the beneficent influence of a protective tariff? [Con- 
tinuous cheering.] Who, if not Irish- Americans should be able 
to appreciate the friendly influences of the protective system upon 
their individual and upon their home life? Which of you has not 
realized that not the lot of man only, but the lot of woman, has 
been made softer and easier under its influence? [Applause and 
'' Hear ! hear !"] Contrast the American mother and wife, burdened 
only with the cares of motherhood and of the household, with the 
condition of women in many of the countries of the Old World, 
where she is loaded also with the drudgery of toil in the field. 
[Applause. ] 

I know that none more than Irishmen, who are so characterized 
by their deference for women, and whose women have so fitly 
illustrated that which is pure in female character, will value this 



126 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

illustration of the good effects of our American system upon the 
home life. [Continued applause. ] 

There are nations across the sea who are hungry for the Ameri- 
can market. They are waiting with eager expectation for the 
adoption of a free- trade policy by the United States. [Cries of 
"That will never happen!"] The English manufacturer is per- 
suaded that an increased market for English goods in America is 
good for him, but I think it will be impossible to persuade the 
American producer and the American workman that it is good for 
them. [Applause and cries of " That's right !"] I believe that social 
order, that national prosperity, are bound up in the preservation 
of our existing policy. [Loud cheering and cries of ''You are 
right!"] I do not believe that a republic can live and prosper 
whose wage -earners do not receive enough to make life comfort- 
able, who do not have some upward avenues of hope open before 
them. When the wage-earners of the land lose hope, when the star 
goes out, social order is impossible, and after that anarchy or the 
Czar. [Cheering. ] 

I gratefully acknowledge the compliment of your call, and exceed- 
ingly regret that the storm without made it impossible for me to 
receive you at my house. [Applause and cries of " Thanks ! 
thanks !"] I will now be glad to take each member of your club 
by the hand. [Continued cheering.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 18. 

GENERAL HARRISON'S callers to-day numbered about 
five thousand, over half of whom came from Vermilion 
County, Illinois, led by a company of young ladies, in 
uniform, from the town of Sidell. Hon. Samuel Stansbury 
of Danville was Marshal of the delegation, aided by E. C. 
Boudinot, D. G. Moore, Chas. A. Allen, J. G. Thompson, 
and W. C. Cowan. Col. W. R. Jewell, editor Danville 
Daily Neius, was spokesman. General Harrison, in re- 
sponse, said: 

My Illinois Friends The people of your State were very early in 
giving evidence to our people and to me that they are deeply and 
generally interested in this campaign. I welcome you and accept 
your coming as evidence that the early interest you manifested has 
suffered no abatement. It was not an impulse that stirred you. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 127 

but a deep conviction that matters of great and lasting consequence 
to your country are involved in this campaign. Your representa- 
tive in Congress, Hon. Joseph Cannon, is well known in Indiana. 
[Applause.] I have known him for many years; have observed 
his conduct in the National Congress, and always with admiration. 
He is a fearless, aggressive, honest Republican leader. [Applause 
and cries of " Good ! good !"] He is worthy of the favor and con- 
fidence you have shown him. 

If some one were to ask to-day, "What is the matter with the 
United States?" [laughter and cries of "She's all right!"] I am 
sure we would hear some Democratic friend respond, "Its people 
are oppressed and impoverished by tariff taxation. " [Laughter. ] 
Ordinarily our people can be trusted to know when they are taxed ; 
but this Democratic friend will tell us that the tariff tax is so in- 
sidious that our people pay it without knowing it. That is a very 
unhappy condition, indeed. But his difficulties are not all sur- 
mounted when he has convinced his hearers that a customs duty is 
a tax, for history does not run well with his statement that our 
people have been impoverished by our tariff system. Another 
answer to your question will be perhaps that there is now a great 
surplus in the Treasury he will probably not state the figures, 
for there seems to be a painful uncertainty about that. I have 
sometimes thought that this surplus was held chiefly to be talked 
about. The laws provide a use for it that would speedilj' place it 
in circulation. If a business man finds an accumulated surplus 
that he does not need in his business, that stands as a bank balance 
and draws no interest, and if he has notes outside to mature in the 
future he will make a ready choice between leaving his balance in 
the bank and using it to take up his obligations. [Applause.] 
But in our national finances the other choice has been made, and 
this surplus remains in the national bank without interest, while 
our bonds, which, under the law, might be retired by the use of 
it, continue to draw interest. 

You have a great agricultural State. Its prairies offer the most 
tempting invitation to the settler. I have heard it suggested that 
one reason why you have outstripped Indiana in population was 
because the men who were afraid of the "deadening" passed over us 
to seek your treeless plains. [Applause. ] But you have not been 
contented to be only an agricultural community. You have de- 
veloped your manufactures and mechanical industries until now, 
if my recollection is not at fault, for every two persons engaged in 
agricultural labor you have one engaged in manufacturing, in the 
mechanical arts and mining. It is this subdivision of labor, these 



US HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

diversified industries, that make Illinois take rank so near the head 
among the States. By this home interchange of the products of the 
farm and shop, made possible by our protective system, Illinois has 
been able to attain her proud position in the union of the States. 
Shall \ve continue a policy that has wrought so marvellously since 
the 'war in the development of all those States that have given 
hospitable access to manufacturing capital and to the brawn and 
skill of the workingman? [Cries of "Good ! good !" and cheers.] 

From Louisville, Ky., came 1,000 enthusiastic visi- 
tors, led by the Hon. Wm. E. Riley, Hon. R. R. Glover, 
Hon. Albert Scott, W. W. Huffman, W. M. Collins, M. 
E. Malone, and J. J. Jonson. A. E. Willson, of Louisville, 
delivered a stirring address on behalf of the Republicans 
of Kentucky, to which General Harrison responded as 
follows : 

My Kentucky Friends There have been larger delegations as- 
sembled about this platform, but there has been none that has in a 
higher degree attracted my interest or touched my heart. [Ap- 
plause.] It has been quite one thing to be a Republican in 
Illinois and quite another to be a Republican in Kentucky. 
[Applause. ] Not the victors only in a good fight deserve a crown ; 
those who fight well and are beaten and fight again, as you 
have done, deserve a crown, though victory never yet has perched 
on your banner. [A voice, "It will perch there, though, don't you 
forget it !''] Yes, it w r ill come, for the bud of victory is always in 
the truth. I will not treat you to-day to any statistics from the 
census reports [laughter] , nor enter the attractive field of the history 
of your great State. I have believed that these visiting delegations 
were always well advised as to the history and statistics of their 
respective States. [Laughter. ] If this trust has been misplaced in 
other cases, certainly Kentuckians can be trusted to remember and 
perhaps to tell all that is noble in the thrilling history of their great 
State. [Great applause. ] Your history is very full of romantic 
and thrilling adventure and of instances of individual heroism. 
Your people have always been proud, chivalric, and brave. In the 
late war for the Union, spite of all distraction and defection, 
Kentucky stood by the old flag. [Applause.] And now that the 
war is over and its bitter memory is forgotten, there is not one, 
I hope, in all your borders, w T ho does not bless the outcome of that 
great struggle. [Applause.] Surely there are none in Kentucky 
who do not rejoice that the beautiful river is not a river of di- 



HARRISONS SPEECHES. 129 

vision. [Great applause.] And now what hinders that Kentucky 
shall step forward in the great industrial rivalry between the 
States? Is there not, as your spokesman has suggested, in the 
eai'ly and thorough instruction which the people of Kentucky 
received from the mouth of your matchless orator, Henry Clay 
[applause] , a power that shall yet and speedily bring back Ken- 
tucky to the support of our protective system? [Applause.] Can 
the old Whigs, who so reverently received from the lips of Clay 
the gospel of protection, much longer support a revenue policy that 
they know to be inimical to our national interests? If when Ken- 
tucky was a slave State she found a protective tariff promoted the 
prosperity of her people, what greater things will the same policy 
not do for her as a free State? She has now opened her hospitable 
doors to skilled labor ; her coal and metals and hemp invite its 
transforming touch. Why should she not speedily find great manu- 
facturing cities spring up in her beautiful valleys? Shall any old 
prejudice spoil this hopeful vision ? [Great applause. ] I remember 
that Kentucky agitated for seven years and held nine conventions 
before she secured a separate statehood. May I not appeal to the 
children of those brave settlers who, when but few in number, 
composed of distant and feeble settlements, were received into the 
Union of States, to show their chivalry and love of justice by unit- 
ing with us in the demand that Dakota and Washington shall be 
admitted? [Applause. ] Does not your own story shame those who 
represent you in the halls of Congress and who bar the door against 
communities whose numbers and resources so vastly outreach what 
you possessed when you were admitted to statehood? We look 
hopefully to Kentucky. The State of Henry Clay and Abraham 
Lincoln [enthusiastic cheering] cannot be much longer forgetful 
[cries of "No! no!"] of the teachings of those great leaders of 
thought. 

I believe that Kentucky will place herself soon upon the side of 
the truth upon these great questions. [A voice, "We believe it!" 
Another voice, "We will keep them out of Indiana, anyhow !" 
Great cheering.] Thank you. There is no better way that I 
know of to keep one detachment of an army from re- enforcing 
another than by giving that detachment all it can do in its own 
field. [Applause and laughter.] 

The last visitors of the day were 200 delegates, in attend- 
ance upon the sessions of the National Association of Union 
Ex-Prisoners of War. They were led by Gen. W. H. 
Powell, of Belleville, Iowa, President of the Association ; 



130 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

E. H. Williams, of Indianapolis, Vice-President ; Chap- 
lain C. C. McCabe, New York City; Historian Frank E. 
Moran, Philadelphia; President-elect Thomas H. McKee 
and Secretary L. P. Williams, Washington, D. C. ; S. N. 
Long, of New Jersey,and J. W. Green, of Ohio. Every one 
of the visiting veterans had undergone imprisonment at 
Andersonville, Libby, or some less noted Southern prison. 
Conspicuous among them was Gen. B. F. Kelly, of Vir- 
ginia, the first Union officer wounded in the rebellion, and 
J. A. January, of Illinois, who amputated both his own 
feet while in Libby Prison, to prevent gangrene spreading. 
General Powell, in a brief address, touchingly referred to 
the perils and hardships they had survived. General 
Harrison was greatly affected by the scene the veterans 
grouped closely about him in his own house. He paused 
a moment in silence, then in a low, sympathetic voice, 
said: 

General Powell and Comrades I am always touched when I meet 
either with those who stood near about me in the service, or those 
who shared the general comradeship of the war, It seems to me 
that the wild exhilaration which in the earlier reunions we often 
saw is very much sobered as we come together now. I have 
realized in meeting with my own regiment this fall that it was 
a time when one felt the touches of the pathetic. And yet there 
was a glow of satisfaction in being together again and in thinking 
of what was and what is. The annals of the war fail to furnish 
a sadder story than that of the host of Union veterans who suffered 
war's greatest hardship captivity. The story of the rebel prison 
pens was one of grim horror. In the field our armies, always 
brave, were generally always chivalric and humane. But the treat- 
ment of the captured Union soldiers surpassed in fiendish cruelty 
the best achievements of the savage. It is the black spot without 
any lining of silver or any touch of human nature. But you have 
cause for congratulation that you have been spared to the glory and 
prosperity that your services and sufferings have brought to the 
Nation. The most vivid imagination has drawn no picture of the 
full meaning to our people and to the world of these simple 
words we saved the Union, perpetuated free government, and 
abolished slavery. [Prolonged applause.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 131 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 19. 

FIVE delegations paid their respects to the Republican 
nominee this day. The first was sixty veterans of the 
Seventh Indiana Cavalry General J. P. Shanks' old 
regiment. Colonel Lewis Reeves, of Mentone, InxL, made 
the address on behalf of the veterans, to which General 
Harrison responded : 

Comrades I recall the services of your gallant regiment. I 
welcome you as men who had as honorable a part in the great 
achievements of the Union army as any in the Civil War. I con- 
gratulate you that you have been spared to see the fruits of your 
labors and sacrifices. In these meetings the thought of those who 
did not live to see the end of the bloody struggle is always present. 
Their honor also is in our keeping. I am glad to know that at 
last in our State a shaft is being lifted to the honor of the Indiana 
soldier. It will not only keep alive a worthy memory, but it will 
instil patriotism into our children. I thank you for this friendly 
visit. [Cheers. ] 

From Illinois came two large delegations that from 
Iroquois County numbering 1,000, commanded by Chief 
Marshal Slattery, of Onargo. A Tippecanoe club of vet- 
erans headed their column, led by Chairman Owen, 
followed by the John A. Logan Club, commanded by Capt. 
A. L. Whitehall. Prominent in the delegation were State 
Senator Secrist, Judge S. G. Bovie, B. F. Price, J. F. Ire- 
land, A. Powell, James Woodworth, G. B. Joiner, W. M. 
Coney, Dr. J. H. Gillam, Dr. Scull, editors E. A. ]STye and 
M. S. Taliaferro, of Watseka; also W. H. Howe, of Braid- 
wood, father of the " Drummer Boy of Vicksburg. " Robert 
Meredith, of Onargo, spoke on behalf of the colored mem- 
bers or the delegation, and Capt. R. W. Hilscher, of Wat- 
seka, for the veterans. La Porte County, Ind., was repre- 
sented by a large delegation, the Michigan City detach- 
ment commanded by Major Biddle, Uriah Culbert, and 



132 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Major Wood. The Laporte City clubs were led by Wm. C. 
Weir, Marshal of the delegation. Other prominent mem- 
bers were S. M. Closser, W. C. Miller, Frank E. Osborn, 
J. N. Whitehead, M. L. Bramhall, Nelson Larzen, Sam- 
uel Bagley, Brook Travis, Wm. Hastings, S. A. Rose, 
Swan Peterson, and editor Sonneborn. The presentation 
address was made by Col. J. W. Crtimpacker, of 
Laporte. 

To these several addresses General Harrison responded : 

My Illinois and my Indiana Friends If I needed any stimulus 
to duty, or to have my impression of the dignity and responsibility 
of representative office increased, I should find it in such assemblies 
as these and in the kind and thoughtful words which have been 
addressed to me in your behalf. The American people under our 
system of government have their public interests in their own keep- 
ing. All laws and proclamations may be revoked or repealed by 
them. They will be called on in November to mark out the revenue 
policy for our Government by choosing public officers pledged to the 
principles which a majority of our people approve. Fortunately you 
have now an issue very clearly drawn and very easy to be under- 
stood. In previous campaigns we have not quite known where our 
adversaries stood. Now we do know. Our Democratic friends 
say a protective tariff is robbery. You see this written at the 
head of campaign tracts circulated by their committees. You 
hear it said in the public speeches of their leaders. You have 
not once, I think, in the campaign heard any Democratic speaker 
admit that even a low protective tariff was desirable. Those 
who, like Mr. Randall, have in former campaigns been used to 
allay the apprehension of our working people by talking pro- 
tection have been silenced. On the other hand, the Republican 
party declares by its platform and by its speakers that a pro- 
tective tariff is wise and necessary. There is the issue. Make 
your own choice. If you approve by your votes the doctrine that 
a protective tariff is public robbery, you will expect your rep- 
resentatives to stop this public robbery, and if they are faithful 
they will do it ; not seven per cent, of it, but all of it. [Applause 
and cries of "That's it!"] So that I beg you all to recollect that 
you will vote this fall for or against the principle of protection. 
You are invited to a feast of cheapness. You are promised foreign- 
made goods at very low prices, and domestic competing goods, if 
any are made, at the same low rates. But do not forget that the 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 133 

spectre of low wages will also attend the feast. [Applause and 
cries of "That's so!"] Inevitably, as certain as the night follows 
the day, the adoption of this policy means lower wages. Choose, 
then, and do not forget that this cheapening process may be pushed 
so far as to involve the cheapening of human life and the loss of 
human happiness. [Applause.] 

And now a word about the surplus in the Treasury. Our Demo- 
cratic friends did not know what else to do with it, and so they 
have deposited it in certain national banks. The Government gets 
no interest upon it, but it is loaned out by the banks to our citi- 
zens at interest. Our income is more than our current expenses. 
There is no authority for the Secretary of the Treasury to lend the 
money, and so only three methods of dealing with it presented 
themselves, under the law first, to lock it up in the Treasury 
vaults ; second, to deposit it in the banks without interest ; or, third, 
to use it in the purchase of bonds not yet due. The objection to 
the first method was that the withdrawal of so large a sum might 
result in a monetary stringency ; the second obviated this objec- 
tion by allowing the banks to put the money in circulation ; but 
neither method resulted in any advantage to the Government. 

As to it the money was dead ; only the banks received interest 
for its use. By the third method the money would be returned to 
the channels of trade and the Government would make 'the differ- 
ence between the premium paid for the bond and the interest that 
the bonds would draw if left outstanding until they matured. If 
a Government bond at the market premium is a good investment 
for a capitalist who is free to use his money as he pleases, can it 
be bad finance for the Government, having money that it cannot 
use in any other way, to use it in buying up its bonds? [Great 
applause. ] It is not whether we will purposely raise money to 
buy our bonds at a premium no one would advise that but will 
we so use a surplus that we have on hand and cannot lawfully pay 
out in any other way ? Do our Democratic friends propose to give 
the banks the free use of it until our bonds mature, or do they propose 
to reduce our annual income below our expenditure by a revision 
of the tariff until this surplus is used, and then revise the tariff 
again to restore the equilibriums? [Great applause.] I welcome 
the presence to-day of these ladies of your households. We should 
not forget that we have work ing- women in America. [Applause 
and cries of " Good ! good !"] None more than they are interested 
in this policy of protection which we advocate. If want and hard 
conditions come into the home, the women bear a full share. 
[Applause. ] And now I have been tempted to speak more at length 



134 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

than I had intended. I thank you for this cordial manifestation 
of your confidence and respect. [Cheers.] 

The fourth delegation of the day came from Grundy 
County, Illinois, headed by the Logan Club of Morris. 
An enthusiastic member of this delegation was the vener- 
able Geo. P. Augustine, of Braceville, 111., aged 77, who in 
the summer of 1840 employed the boy " Jimmie" Garfield 
afterward President of the United States to ride his 
horses on the tow-path of the Ohio canal between Ports- 
mouth and Cleveland. Hon. P. C. Hayes, of Morris, was 
spokesman for the delegation. General Harrison said : 

General Hayes and my Illinois Friends I regret that your arrival 
was postponed so long as to make it impossible for you to meet 
with the other friends from your State who, a little while ago, 
assembled about the platform. I thank you for the kind feelings 
that prompted you to come, and for the generous things General 
Hayes has said in your behalf. There is little that I can say and 
little that I can appropriately do to promote the success of the Re- 
publican principles. A campaign that enlists the earnest and active 
co-operatibn of the individual voters will have a safe issue. I am 
glad to see in your presence an evidence that in your locality this 
individual interest is felt. [Applause.] But popular assemblies, 
public debate, and conventions are all an empty mockery unless, 
when the debate is closed, the election is so conducted that every 
elector shall have an equal and full influence in determining the 
result. That is our compact of government. [Cheers. ] I thank 
you again for your great kindness, and it will now give me pleasure 
to accede to the suggestion of General Hayes and take each of you 
by the hand. 

The fifth and last delegation of the day reached the 
Harrison residence in the evening, and comprised 200 
survivors of the Second and Ninth Indiana Cavalry 
and the Twenty-sixth Indiana Infantry. Col. John A. 
Bridgland, the old commander ot the Second Cavalry, 
spoke on behalf of the veterans. General Harrison re- 
plied : 

Colonel Bridgland and Comrades I am fast losing my faith in 
men. [Laughter.] This morning a representative or two of this 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 135 

regiment called upon me and made an arrangement that I should 
receive you at this hour. It was expressly stipulated though I 
took no security [laughter] that there should be no speech-making 
at all. Now I find myself formally introduced to you and under 
the necessity of talking to you. [Laughter. ] I am under so much 
stress in this way, from day to day, that I am really getting to be 
a little timid when I see a corporal's guard together anywhere, for 
fear they will want a speech. [Laughter.] And even at home, 
when I sit down at the table with my family, I have some appre- 
hensions lest some one may propose a toast and insist that I shall 
respond. [Laughter. ] 

I remember that the Second Indiana Cavalry was the first full 
cavalry regiment I ever saw. I saw it marching through Washing- 
ton Street from the windows of my law office ; and as I watched 
the long line drawing itself through the street, it seemed to me 
the call for troops might stop ; that there were certainly enough 
men and horses there to put down the rebellion. [Laughter.] 
It is clear I did not rightly measure the capacities of a cavalry 
regiment, or the dimensions of the rebellion. [Laughter.] lam 
glad to see you here to-day. You come as soldiers, and I greet 
you as comrades. I will not allude to political topics, on which 
any of us might differ. [A voice, "There ain't any differ- 
ences !"] Of course, the members of the Ninth Cavalry and the 
Twenty -sixth Infantry must understand I am speaking to- all my 
comrades. [A voice, "The Twenty-sixth were waiting for the 
cavalry to get out of the way ! " Laughter. ] Well, during the 
war you were willing to wait, weren't you? [Hearty laughter.] 
I was going to say that I had an express promise from Mr. Adams, 
of the Twenty-sixth Indiana, there should be no speaking on the 
occasion of your visit. [Laughter. ] Perhaps his comrades of the 
Twenty sixth will say I had not sufficient reason for so thinking, 
as we all know that he is given to joking. [Laughter.] I will be 
pleased now to meet each of you personally. 



130 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 20. 

ON September 20 a distinguished delegation arrived from 
Cincinnati, for the purpose of inviting General and Mrs. 
Harrison to attend the Cincinnati Exposition. The com- 
mittee, representing the Board of Commissioners of the 
Exposition, was headed by Chairman Goodale and Presi- 
dent Allison and wife, accompanied by Mayor Amor Smith 
and wife, Comptroller E. P. Eshelby and wife, Hon. John 
B. Peaslee, Mrs. and Miss Devereaux, C. H. Rockwell and 
wife, and others. 

In the evening 300 gentlemen, exhibiting implements 
and agricultural machinery at the State Fair then in 
progress called on General Harrison. John C. Wingate, 
of Montgomery County, was their spokesman. 

Responding to their greeting the General said : 

My Friends When I was asked yesterday whether it would be 
agreeable to me to see about one hundred gentlemen who were here 
in attendance upon the Indiana State Fair and connected with the 
exhibit of machinery, I was assured their call would be of the most 
informal character that they would simply visit me at my home 
and spend a few moments socially. [Laughter.] Until I heard 
the music of your band and saw the torchlights, that was my un- 
derstanding of what was in store for me this evening. I am again 
the victim of a misunderstanding. [Laughter and applause.] 
Still, though my one hundred guests have been multiplied several 
times, and though I find myself compelled to speak to you en masse 
rather than individually, I am glad to see you. I thank you for 
your visit, and for the cordial terms in w r hich you have addressed 
me. What your speaker has said as to tlje favorable condition of 
our working people is true ; and we are fortunate in the fact that 
we do not need to depend for our evidence on statistics or the re- 
ports of those who casually visit the countries of the Old World. 
There is probably not a shop represented here that has not among 
its workingmen those who have tried the conditions of life in the 
old country, and are able to speak from personal experience. It 
cannot be doubted that our American system of levying discrim 
inating duties upon competing foreign products has much to do 
with the better condition of our working people. I welcome you 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES 137 

as representatives of one of the great industries of our country. 
The demands of the farm have been met by the ingenuity of your 
shops. The improvement in farm machinery within my own recol- 
lection has been marvellous. The scythe and the cradle still held 
control in the harvest field when I first went out to carry the noon 
meal to the workmen. Afterward it sometimes fell to my lot 
in the hay-field to drive one of the old-fashioned combination reap- 
ers and mowers. It was a great advance over the scythe and 
cradle, and yet it was heavy and clumsy a very horse-killer. 
[Laughter and applause.] When the drivers struck a stump 
the horse had no power over the machine in either direct ion. Now 
these machines have been so lightened and improved that they are 
the perfection of mechanism. Your inventive genius has responded 
to the necessities of the farm until that which was drudgery has 
become light and easy. I thank you again for your call, and will 
be glad to meet personally those strangers who are here. [Ap- 
plause. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 21. 

RANDOLPH and Jay counties, Indiana, contributed 3,000 
visitors on September 21. At the head of the Randolph 
column marched 200 members of the " Old Men's Tippe- 
canoe Club," of Winchester, led by Marshals J. B. Ross, 
A. J. Stakebake, and Auditor Cranor. Other leaders in 
the delegation were Mayor F. H. Bowen, Hon. Theo. Shock- 
ley, Geo. Patchell, W. S. Ensign, Frank Parker, Samuel 
Bell, Dr. G. Rynard, and Washington Smith, of Union 
City; J. W. Macy, J. S. Engle, Reverdy Puckett, A. C. 
Beeson, and John E. Markle, of Winchester. 

The Jay County contingent was led by James A. Rus- 
sell, B. D. Halfhill, Isaac McKinney, J. W. Williams, Eli 
Clark, J. C. Andrews, T. J. Cartwright, and Albert Mar- 
tin. L. C. Hauseman was spokesman for the Hoosiers. 
Gen. Stone, of Randolph, spoke on behalf of the veterans. 

From Dayton, Ohio, came 500 visitors, including 60 
veterans of the campaign of '40, led by Secretary Edgar. 
Marshal James Applegate, Mr. Eckley, Dr. J. A. Ronspert, 
and W. R. Knaub were other leaders of the Ohio contin- 



138 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

gent. Col. John G. Lowe was their speaker, and referred 
to the fact that Gen. Harrison " had won. his education 
and Miss Caroline M. Scott, now his estimable wife, when 
a resident of Ohio." 

To these addresses the General, responding, said : 

My Ohio and Indiana Friends The magnitude and the cordiality 
of this demonstration are very gratifying. That these representa- 
tives of the State of my nativity, and these, my neighbors in this 
State of my early adoption, should unite this morning in giving 
this evidence of their respect and confidence is especially pleasing. 
I do remember Ohio, the State of my birth and of my boyhood, 
with affection and veneration. I take pride in her great history, 
the illustrious men she furnished to lead our armies, and the army 
of her brave boys who bore the knapsack and the gun for the Union. 
I take pride in her pure and illustrious statesmen. Ohio was the 
first of the Northwestern States to receive the western emigration 
after the Revolutionary War. When that tide of patriotism which 
had borne our country to freedom and had established our Constitu- 
tion threw upon the West many of the patriots whose fortunes had 
been maimed or broken by their sacrifices in the Revolutionary 
War, this pure stream, pouring over the Alleghanies, found its 
first basin in the State of Ohio. [Cries of "Good ! Good !"] 

The waters of patriotism that had been distilled in the fires of the 
Revolution fertilized her virgin fields. [Applause. ] I do not for- 
get, however, that my manhood has all been spent in Indiana that 
all the struggle which is behind me in life has this for its field. 
[Cheers.] 

I brought to this hospitable State only that to which Col. Lowe 
has alluded an education and a good wife. [Great cheering.] 
Whatever else I have, whatever else I have accomplished, for myself 
and for my family or the public, has been under the favoring and 
friendly auspices of these, my fellow-citizens of Indiana, [Ap- 
plause.] To them I owe more than I can repay. My Indiana 
friends, you come from a county largely devoted to agriculture. 
The invitation of Nature was so generous that your people have 
generally accepted it. Guarded as your early settlers were, and as 
those of Ohio were, by that sword of liberty which was placed at 
your gates by the ordinance of 1787, stimulated, as you have been, 
by the suggestions of that great ordinance in favor of morality and 
education, you have, in your rural homes, one of the best commu- 
nities in the world. [Applause. ] You do not forget, farmers though 
you are, that 95 per cent, of the product of your farms is consumed 



HARBISON'S SPEECHES. 139 

at home, and you are too wise to put that in peril in a greedy 
search after foreign trade. [Great applause.] You will not sacri- 
fice these great industries that have created in our country a con- 
suming class for your products. [Cheers.] I do not think that 
there is any doubt what tariff policy England would wish us to 
adopt, and yet some say that England is trembling lest we should 
adopt free trade here [laughter] , and so rob her of other markets 
that she now enjoys. [Laughter. ] The story of our colonial days, 
when England, with selfish and insatiate avarice, laid her repres- 
sive hand upon our infant manufactories and attempted to suppress 
them all, furnishes the first object-lesson she ga.ve us. Another 
was given when the life of this Nation the child of England, as 
she has been wont to call us, speaking the mother tongue, having 
many institutions inherited from her was imperilled. The offer 
of free trade by the Confederacy so touched the commercial greed 
of England that she forgot the ties of blood and went to the verge 
of war w T ith us to advance the cause of the rebel Government. 
[Cheers.] But what England wants, or what any other country 
wants, is not very important certainly not conclusive. [Cheers. ] 
What is best for us and our people should be the decisive ques- 
tion. [Cheers,] My Randolph County friends, there are State 
questions that must take a strong hold upon the minds of people 
like yours. The proposition to lift entirely out of the range and 
control of partisan politics the great benevolent institutions of the 
State is one that must commend itself to all your people. [Cheers.] 
If all those friends who sympathize with us upon this question had 
acted with us in 1886 w T e should then have accomplished this great 
reform. [Applause.] And now, to these old gentlemen whose 
judgment and large experience in life gives added value to their 
kind words ; to these young friends who, for the first time, take a 
freeman's place in the line of battle to do duty for the right, I give 
my kindly greetings and best wishes in return for theirs. [Cheers.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 

ON the afternoon of September 22 General Harrison was 
visited by 600 Chicago "drummers," organized as the Re- 
publican Commercial Travellers' Association of Chicago 
and accompanied by the celebrated Second Regiment Band. 
They were escorted to the Harrison residence by the Co- 
lumbia Club and 200 members of the Republican Commer- 



140 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

cial Travellers' Escort Club of Indianapolis, George C. 
Webster, President ; Ernest Morris, Secretary. 

The entire business community turned out to greet the 
visitors as they marched through the city, performing 
difficult evolutions, under the command of Chief Marshal 
Vandever and his aids C. S. Felton, P. H. Brockway, B. 
F. Horton, Joseph Pomroy, W. H. Haskell, Geo. W. Bris- 
tol, A. C. Boyd, Geo. H. Green, and Secretary H. A. 
Morgan. 

General Harrison's appearance was signalized by a re- 
markable demonstration. Col. H. H. Kude delivered the 
address on behalf of his associates. 

In response General Harrison made one of his best 
speeches. He said: 

Sir, and Gentlemen of the Republican Commercial Travellers' As- 
sociation of Chicago I bid you welcome to my home. I give you 
my most ardent thanks for this cordial evidence of your interest in 
those great principles of government which are advocated by the 
Republican party, whose candidate I am. I am not unfamiliar 
with the value, efficency, and intelligence of the commercial trav- 
ellers of our country. [Cheers. 1 The contribution you make to 
the success of the business communities with which you are iden- 
tified is large and indispensable. I do not doubt that one of the 
strongest props of Chicago's commercial greatness wT>uld be de- 
stroyed if you were withdrawn from the commercial forces of that 
great city. [Cheers.] The growth and development of Chicago 
has been one of the most marvellous incidents in the story of Amer- 
ican progress. It is gratifying to know that your interest is en- 
listed in this political campaign. It is very creditable to you that 
in the rush of the busy industries and pushing trade of your city 
you have not forgotten that you are American citizens and that you 
owe service, not to commerce only, but to your country. [Great 
cheering.] It is gratifying to be assured that you propose to bring 
your influence into the great civil contest which is now engaging 
the interest of our people. The intelligence and energy which you 
give to your commercial pursuits will be a most valuable contribu- 
tion to our cause. [Cheers. ] The power of such a body of men is 
very great. 

I want now to introduce to you for a moment another speaker 
an Englishman. Within the last year I have been reading, wholly 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 141 

without any view to politics, the story of our diplomatic relations 
with England during the Civil War. The motive that most strongly 
influenced the English mind in its sympathy with the South was the 
expectancy of free trade with the Confederacy [cries of "That's 
right!"], and among the most influential publications intended to 
urge English recognition and aid to the Confederates was a book 
entitled "The American Union," by James Spence. It was pub- 
lished in 1862, and ran through several editions. Speaking of the 
South he said : 

"No part of the world can be found more admirably placed for 
exchanging with this country the products of industry to mutual 
advantage than the Southern States of the Union. Producing in 
abundance the material we chiefly require, their climate and the 
habits of the people indispose them to manufactures, and leave to 
be purchased precisely the commodities we have to sell. They 
have neither the means nor the desire to enter into rivalry with us. 
Commercially they offer more than the capabilities of another India 
within a fortnight's distance from our shores. The capacity of a 
Southern trade when free from restrictions may be estimated most 
correctly by comparison. The condition of those States resembles 
that of Australia, both non- manufacturing countries, with the com- 
mand of ample productions to offer in exchange for the imports 
they require." 

The author proceeds to show that at the time England's exports to 
our country were only thirteen shillings per capita of our popula- 
tion, while the exports to Australia were ten pounds sterling per 
capita. Let me now read you what is said of the Northern States : 

"The people of the North, whether manufacturers or ship-own- 
ers, regard us as rivals and competitors, to be held back and 
cramped by all possible means. [Applause and cries of " That's it !"] 
They possess the same elements as ourselves coal, metals, ships, 
an aptitude for machinery, energy and industry while the early 
obstacles of deficient capital and scanty labor are rapidly disappear- 
ing. [Applause and a voice, " Exactly !"] 

" For many years they have competed with us in some manufact- 
ures in foreign markets, and their peculiar skill in the contriv- 
ance of labor-saving machinery daily increases the number of ar- 
ticles they produce cheaper than ourselves. [Loud cheering and a 
voice, "We'll knock them out again !"] 

" Thus, to one part of the world our exports are at the rate of ten 
pounds sterling per head, while those to the Union amount to but 
thirteen shillings per head. " 

I have read these extracts because they seemed to me very sugges- 
tive and very instructive. The South offered free trade to Europe 
in exchange for an expected recognition of their independence by 
England and France. [Cries of "You are right!"] The offer was 
very attractive and persuasive to the ruling classes of England. 
They took Confederate bonds and sent out armed cruisers to prey 



142 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

upon our commerce. They dallied with Southern agents, fed them 
with delusive hopes, and thus encouraged the South to protract a 
hopeless struggle. They walked to the very edge of open war with 
the United States, forgetful of all the friendly ties that had bound 
us as nations, and all this to satisfy a commercial greed. We may 
learn from this how high a price England then set upon free trade 
with a part only of the States. [A voice, "We remember it !"] 

But now the Union has been saved and restored. Men of both 
armies and of all the States rejoice that England's hope of a com- 
mercial dependency on our Southern coast was disappointed. The 
South is under no stress to purchase foreign help by trade conces- 
sions. She will now open her hospitable doors to manufacturing, 
capital, and skilled labor. 

It is not now true that either climate or the habits of her people 
indispose them to manufactures. Of the Virginias, North Caro- 
lina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Missouri, it may be now 
said, as Mr. Spence said of the more northern States . "They possess 
the same elements as ourselves [England] coal, metals, ships, an 
aptitude for machinery, energy, and industry while the early obsta- 
cles of deficient capital and scanty labor are rapidly disappearing. " 
And I am sure there is a "New South " shackled as it is by tradi- 
tions and prejudices that is girding itself to take part in great in- 
dustrial rivalry with England, which Mr. Spence so much depre- 
cates. These great States will no longer allow either Old England 
or New England to spin and weave their cotton, but will build 
mills in the very fields where the great staple is gathered. [Ap- 
plause.] They will no longer leave Pennsylvania without an ac- 
tive rival in the production of iron. They surely will not, if they 
are at all mindful of their great need and their great opportunity, 
unite in this crusade against our protected industries. 

Our interests no longer run upon sectional lines, and it cannot 
be good for any part of our country that Mr. Spence's vision of 
English trade with us should be realized. [Cries of "Never! Nev- 
er!"] Commerce between the States is working mightily, if 
silently, to efface all lingering estrangements between our people, 
and the appeal for the perpetuation of the American system of pro- 
tection will, I am sure, soon find an answering response among the 
people of all the States. [Loud cheering. ] 

I thank you again for this beautiful and cordial demonstration, 
and will now be glad to meet you personally. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 143 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 25. 

THE third delegation from Wabash County during the 
campaign arrived on September 25, a thousand strong, 
headed by Hon. Jesse Arnold, Col. Homan Depew, Thomas 
Black, W. D. Caldwell, Obed Way, Thomas McNamee, 
Rob' t Thompson, Wm. Alexander, Robert Wilson, Andrew 
Egnew, C. S. Haas, W. W. Stewart, W. H. Bent, Robert 
Stewart, and W. D. Gachenour. Their spokesman was 
Capt. B. F. Williams. Parke County, Indiana, contributed 
a large delegation the same day, under the lead of John 
W. Stryker, Jacob Church, John R. Johnson, A. O. Ben- 
son, W. W. McCune, Joseph H. Jordan, and A. A. Har- 
grave, of Rockville, and 300 school children, in charge of 
A. R. McMurty. Dr. T. F. Leech was orator for the Parke 
visitors. 

General Harrison spoke as follows : 

My WabasU County Friends and my Little Friends from Parke 
I am very glad to meet you here to-day. My friend who has spoken 
for Wabash County has very truly said that the relations between 
me and the Republicans of that county have always been exceed- 
ingly cordial. I remember well when I first visited your county 
in 1860, almost a boy in years, altogether a boy in political experi- 
ence. I was then a candidate for Reporter of the Decisions of the 
Supreme Court of this State. You had in one of your own citi- 
zens, afterward a distinguished soldier, a candidate for that office 
in the convention that nominated me, but that did not interfere 
at all with the cordial welcome from your people when, as th" 
nominee of the party, I came into your county. I think from 
that day to this my name has never been mentioned in any conven- 
tion for any office that I have not had almost the unanimous sup- 
port of the Republicans of Wabash County. [Applause. ] This is 
no new interest which you now manifest to-day.. The expressions 
of your confidence have been very numerous and have been contin- 
ued through nearly thirty years. 

There is one word on one subject that I w r ant to say. Our Demo- 
cratic friends tell us that there are about a hundred millions their 
arithmeticians do not agree on the exact figures in the public- 
Treasury for which the Government has no need. They have found 



144 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

only this method of using it, viz. : depositing it in the national 
banks of the country, to be loaned out by them to our citizens at 
interest, the Government getting no interest whatever from the 
banks. I suggested, and it was not an original suggestion with 
me Senator Sherman has advocated the same policy with great 
ability in the Senate that this money had better be used in buying 
Government bonds, because the Government would make some 
money in applying it that way, and there was no other way in 
whicli they could get any interest on it at all. But it is said if 
we use it in this manner we pay a premium to the bondholders. 
But it is only the same premium that the bonds are bringing in the 
market. In other words, as I said the other day, capitalists who 
can use their money as they please put it out on mortgages, at in- 
terest, or in any other way think the Government bond at the cur- 
rent rate of premium is a good investment for them. Now, the 
Government can buy those bonds at that premium and save a great 
deal of interest. I will not undertake to give you figures. One 
issue of these bonds matures in 1907, and bears four per cent, an- 
nual interest. Now, suppose this surplus money were to remain all 
that time in the banks without bringing any interest to the Gov- 
ernment : is there a man here so dull that he cannot see the great loss 
that would result to the people? I have another objection to this 
policy ; the favoritism that is involved in it. We have heard and 
from such high authority that I think that we must accept it as 
true that the great patronage appertaining to the office of Presi- 
dent of the -United States involves a public peril. NOW T , suppose we 
add to that danger a hundred millions of dollars that the Secretary 
of the Treasury can put in this community or that, in this bank or 
that, at his pleasure ; is not the power of the executive perilously 
increased? Is it right that the use of this vast sum should be a 
matter of mere favoritism, that the Secretary should be allowed to 
put $10,000,000 of this surplus in Indianapolis and none of it in 
Kansas City, or $75,000,000 in New York and none in Indianapolis? 
If the money is used in buying bonds it finds its natural place 
goes where it belongs. This is a most serious objection to the pres- 
ent method of dealing with the surplus. But if you still object to 
paying the market premium when we buy these bonds, see now it 
works the other way. The banks deposit their bonds in the Treas- 
ury to secure these deposits, get the Government money without 
interest, and still draw interest on their bonds. If any of you had 
a note for a thousand dollars due in five years, bearing interest, 
and your credit was so good that the note was worth a premium, 
and you had twelve hundred dollars that you could not put out at 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 145 

interest so as to offset the interest on your note, would you not 
make money by using this surplus to take up the note at a fair 
premium? Would you think it wise finance to give the thousand 
dollars that you had on hand to your creditor without interest and 
allow him to deposit your note with you as security, you paying 
interest on the note until it was due and getting no interest on 
your deposit? [Laughter and applause.]. 

I welcome my young friends from Parke County. There is nothing 
fuller of interest than childhood. There is so much promise and 
hope in it. Expectancy makes life very rosy to them and them 
very interesting to us who have passed beyond the turn of life. 
[Applause. ] You are fortunate in these kind instructors, who from 
week to week instil into your minds the principles of religion and 
of morality ; but do not forget that there is another vine of beauty 
that may be appropriately twined with those the love of your 
country and her institutions. [Applause.] I thank you again for 
this cordial evidence of your regard. The skies are threatening, 
and as there is danger that our meeting may be interrupted by rain 
I will stop here in order that I may meet each of you personally. 
[Cheers.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 26. 

OHIO and Indiana united to-day again, through their 
delegation's, aggregating 4,000 citizens, in paying their 
respects to General Harrison. The Tippecanoe Veteran 
Association of Columbus, Ohio, J. E. St. Clair, President, 
comprising 200 veterans, whose ages averaged 70 years, 
was escorted by the Foraker Club of Columbus, led by 
President Reeves. The veterans were accompanied by the 
venerable Judge John A. Bingham,of Cadiz,and Gen. Geo. 
B. Wright, of Columbus, both of whom made addresses. 
No other club or organziation, during the entire campaign, 
was the recipient of such marked attentions as the Ohio 
veterans ; the youngest among them was 68 years of age. 
Among the oldest were Win. Armstrong, aged 91 ; Ansel 
Bristol, 80; H. H. Chariton, 84; Francis A. Crum, 82; 
Joseph Davis, 84 ; Henry Edwards, 80 ; John Fields, 82 ; 
John A. Gill, 82; J. L. Grover, 81; J. A. S. Harlow, 87; 



146 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Harris Loomis, 84; Dan'l Melhousen, 80; Sam! McCle- 
land, 80; Judge John Otstot, 86; James Park, 80; Daniel 
Short, 83; John Saul, 86; George Snoffer, 85; David Tay- 
lor, 87 ; Jacob Taylor, 88 ; J. D. Fuller, 82, and Luther 
Hillery, aged 90, who knew William Henry Harrison be- 
fore his first nomination. Prominent in the Foraker Club 
were Dr. A. W. Harden and D. K. Reif . 

The Tipton County, Indiana, visitation was under the 
auspices of the First Voters' Club of the town of Tipton. 
A large club of Tippecanoe campaign veterans headed 
their column, led by Chief Marshal J. A. Swoveland, as- 
sisted by M. W. Pershing, James Johns, John F. Pyke, 
R. J. McCalion, Isaac Booth, J. Q. Seright, and J. Wol- 
verton. Judge Daniel Waugh, of Tipton, was the mouth- 
piece of the delegation. 

From Elkhart County, Indiana, came a notable delega- 
tion of a thousand business men, prominent among whom 
were State Senator Davis, Hon. Geo. W. Burt, Daniel Zook, 
H. J. Beyerle, E. G. Herr, D. W. Neidig, T. H. Dailey, D. 
W. Granger, and I. W. Nash, of Goshen; and James H. 
State, A. C. Manning, J. W. Fieldhouse, J. G- Schreiner, 
A. P. Kent, J. H. Cainon, Frank Baker, and Jacob Berkley, 
of Elkhart City. Hon. O. Z. Hubbell was spokesman for 
the delegation. Judge Bingham's eloquent address was 
listened to with marked attention. 

General Harrison responded as follows : 

Gentlemen, my Ohio and Indiana Friends Again about this plat- 
form there are gathered representatives from these two great States. 
Your coming is an expression of a common interest, a recognition 
of the fact that there is a citizenship that is wider than the lines 
of any State. [Cheers.] That over and above that just pride in 
your own communities, which you cherish so jealously, there is a 
fuller pride in the one flag, to which we all give our allegiance, and 
in the one Constitution, which binds the people of these States to- 
gether indissolubly in a Government strong enough to protect its 
humblest citizen wherever he may sojourn. [Prolonged cheers.] 
Your State institutions are bused, like those of the Nation, upon 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 147 

the great principles of human liberty and equality, and are con- 
secrated to the promotion of social order and popular education. 
But, above all this, resting on like foundations, is the strong 
arch of the Union that binds us together as a Nation. You are 
citizens of the United States, and as such have common interests 
that suggest this meeting. [Cheers.] 

I cannot speak separately to the various organizations represented 
here. There is a broad sense in which you are one. But I cannot 
omit to pay a hearty tribute of thanks to these venerable men who 
are gathered about me to-day. I value this tribute from them 
more than words can tell. I cannot, without indelicacy, speak 
much of that campaign to which they brought the enthusiasm of 
their earlier life and to which their memories now turn with so 
much interest. If, out of it, they have brought on with them in 
life to this moment and have transferred to me some part of the 
respect which another won from them, then I will find in their 
kindness a new stimulus to duty. [Applause and cries, "We 
have ; we have !"] In looking over, the other day, a publication of 
the campaign of 18 iO, I fell upon a card signed by fifteen Dem- 
ocrats of Orange, N. J. , giving their reasons for leaving the Dem- 
ocratic party. It has occurred to me that it might be interesting to 
some of these old gentlemen. [Cries of "We want to hear it!" 
and "Read it !"] 

It was as follows : " We might give many reasons for this change 
in our political opinions. The following, however, we deem suffi- 
cient : We do not believe the price of labor in this free country 
should be reduced to the standard prescribed by despots in foreign 
countries. [Applause. ] We do not believe in fighting for the coun- 
try and being unrepresented in the councils of the country. We 
do not believe in an exclusive, hard, metallic currency any more 
than we believe in hard bread or no bread ! We do not believe it 
was the design of the framers of the Constitution that the Presi- 
dent should occupy his time during the first term in electioneering 
for his re-election to a second term !" [Loud laughter and ap- 
pla 'se.] I have read this simply as an historical curiosity and to 
refresh your recollections as to some of the issues of that campaign. 
If it has any application to our modern politics I will leave you to 
make it. [Laughter and applause.] I have recently been talking, 
and have one thing further to say, about the surplus. 

There is a very proper use I think that can be made of more than 
t\venty millions of it. During the Civil War our customs receipts 
and our receipts from internal taxes, which last had brought under 
tribute almost every pursuit in life, were inadequate to the great 



148 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

drain upon our Treasury caused by the Civil War. Our Congress, 
exercising one of the powers of the Constitution, levied a direct tax 
upon the States. Ohio paid her part of it, Indiana paid hers, and 
so did the other loyal States. The Southern States were in rebel- 
lion and did not pay theirs. Now we have come to a time when 
the Government has surplus money, and the proposition was made 
in Congress to return this tax to the States that had paid it. [Ap- 
plause.] The State of Indiana would have received one million 
dollars, which my fellow-citizens of this State know would have 
been a great relief to our taxpayers in the present depleted condi- 
tion of our treasury. [Cheers. ] I do not recall the exact amount 
Ohio would have received, but it was much larger. If any one 
asks, Why repay this tax? this illustration w r ill be a sufficient an- 
swer : Suppose five men are associated in a business corporation. 
The corporation suffers losses and its capital is impaired. An as- 
sessment becomes necessary, and three members pay their assess- 
ments while two do not. The corporation is again prosperous and 
there is a surplus of money in the treasury. What shall be done 
with it? Manifestly, justice requires that the two delinquents 
should pay up or that there should be returned to the other three 
the assessment levied upon them. [Great cheering.] A bill pro- 
viding for the repayment of the tax w r as killed in the House of 
Representatives, not by voting it down, but by filibustering, a ma- 
jority of the House being in favor of its passage. And those who 
defeated the bill by those revolutionary tactics were largely from 
the States that had not paid the tax. [Cheers.] I mention these 
facts to sho\v that twenty millions of the surplus now lying in the 
banks, where it draws no interest, might very righteously be used so 
as to greatly lighten the real burdens of taxation now resting on 
the people burdens that the people know to be taxes without any 
argument from our statesmen. [Applause and laughter.] I am a 
lover of silence [laughter], and yet when such assemblies as these 
greet me w T ith their kind, earnest faces and their kinder words, I 
do not know how I can do less than to say a few words upon some 
of these great public questions. I have spoken frankly and fear- 
lessly my convictions upon these questions. [Cheers and cries of 
"Good! Good!"] And now, unappalled by the immensity of this 
audience, I will complete the accustomed programme and take by the 
hand such of you as desire to meet me personally. [Cheers.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 14!) 

INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 27. 

GENERAL HARRISON'S visitors this day came from Ohio 
and Pennsylvania. Hancock and Allen counties, Ohio, 
sent over a thousand, including the Harrison and Morton 
Battalion of Lima, commanded by Capt. Martin Atmer, 
arid the Republican Veteran Club of Findla}^, Rev. R. H. 
Holliday, President. The Chief Marshal of the combined 
delegations was Major S. F. Ellis, of Lima, hero of the 
forlorn hope storming column which carried the intrench- 
ments at Port Hudson, La., June 15, 1863. Prominent 
members of the Allen County delegation were Hon. Geo. 
Hall, Geo. P. Waldorf, S. S. Wheeler, J. F. Price, W. A. 
Campbell, J. J. Marks, and Burt Hagedorn. Major S. M. 
Jones was spokesman for the visitors. 

General Harrison, with his usual vigor, replied : 

Gentlemen and my Ohio Friends The State of my nativity has 
again placed me under obligations by this new evidence of the re- 
spect of her people. I am glad to meet you and to notice in the 
kind and interested faces into which I look a confirmation of the 
cordial remarks which have been addressed to me on your behalf. 
You each feel a personal interest and, I trust, a personal responsi- 
bility in this campaign. The interest which expresses itself only 
in public demonstrations is not of the highest value. The citizen 
who really believes that this election will either give a fresh im- 
pulse to the career of prosperity and honor in which our Nation 
has walked since the war, or will clog and retard that progress, 
comes far short of his duty if he does not in his own place as a cit- 
izen make his influence felt for the truth upon those who are near 
him. [Applause.] You come from a community that ha,s recently 
awakened to the fact that beneath the soil which has long yielded 
bounteous harvests to your farmers there was stored by nature a 
great and new source of wealth. You, in common with neighbor- 
ing communities in Ohio and with other communities in our State, 
have only partially realized as yet the increase in wealth that oil 
and natural gas will bring to them, if it is not checked by destruc- 
tive changes in our tariff policy. This fact should quicken and 
intensify the interest of these communities in this contest for the 
preservation of the American system of protection. [Applause.] 

It is said by some of our opponents that a protective tariff has no 



lf>0 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

influence upon wages ; that labor in the United States has nothing 
to fear from the competition from pauper labor ; that in the contest 
between pauper labor and high priced labor pauper labor was 
always driven out. Do such statements as these fall in line Avith 
experiences of these working-men who are before me? [Cries of 
"No, no!"] If that is true, then why the legislative precautions 
we have wisely taken against the coming of pauper labor to our 
shores? It is because you know, every one of you, that in a con- 
test between two rival establishments here, or between two rival 
countries, that that shop or that country that pays the lowest wages 
and produces most cheaply can command the market. If the 
products of foreign mills that pay low wages are admitted here 
without discriminating duties, you know there is only one way to 
meet such competition, and that is by reducing wages in our mills. 
[Applause. ] They seek to entice you by the suggestion that you 
can wear cheaper clothing when free access is given to the products 
of foreign woollen mills ; and yet they mention also that now, in 
some of our own cities, the men, and especially the women, who 
are manufacturing the garments we wear are not getting adequate 
wages, and that among some of them there is suffering. Do they 
hope that when the coat is made cheaper the wages of the man or 
woman who makes it will be increased? The power of your labor 
organizations to secure increased wages is greatest when there is a 
large demand for the product you are making at fair prices. You 
do not strike for better wageg,on a falling market. When the mills 
are running full time, when there is a full demand at good prices 
for the product of your toil, and when warehouses are empty, then 
your organization may effectively insist upon increased wages. 
Did any of you ever see one of the organized .efforts for better 
wages succeed when the mill was running on half time, and there 
was a small demand at falling prices in the market for the product? 
[Applause.] The protective sj^stem works with your labor organi- 
zation to secure and maintain a just compensation for labor. 
Whenever it becomes true as it is in some other countries that 
the workingman spends to-day w r hat he will earn to-morrow, then 
your labor organizations will lose their power. Then the workman 
becomes in very fact a part of the machine he operates. He can- 
not leave it, for he has eaten to-day bread that he is to earn to- 
morrow. But when he eats to-day bread that he earned last week 
or last year, then he may successfully resist any unfair exactions. 
[Applause. ] I do not say that we have here an ideal condition. I 
do not deny that in connection with some of our employments the 
conditions of life are hard. But the practical question is this : Is 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 151 

not the condition t>f our working people on the average compara- 
tively a great deal better than that of any other country? [Ap- 
plause and cries of "Good ! Good ! r ] 

If it is, then you will carefully scan all these suggestions before 
you consent that the work of foreign workmen shall supply our 
market, now supplied by the products of the hands of American 
workmen. I thank you again. The day is threatening and cool, 
and I beg you to excuse further public speech. [Applause.] 

At night 200 Pennsylvanians, who came to Indiana to 
aid in developing the natural gas industry, called upon 
General Harrison at his residence, under the direction of 
a committee composed of Capt. J. C. Gibney, J. B. Wheeler, 
and Geo. A. Richards. Their spokesman was Wm. Mc- 
Elwaine, a fellow- workman. 

General Harrison addressed them and said : 

Gentlemen It is very pleasant for me to meet you to-night in 
my ow r n home. The more informal my intercourse can be made 
with my fellow-citzens the more agreeable it is to me. To you, 
and all others who will come informally to my home, I will gives, 
hearty greeting. I am glad to see these representatives from the 
State, of Pennsylvania whose business pursuits have called them to 
make their home with us in Indiana. The State -of Pennsylvania 
has a special interest forme in the fact that it was the native State 
of a, mother who, though nearly forty years dead, still lives affec- 
tionately in my memory. I welcome you here to this State as those 
who come to settle among us under new conditions of industrial 
and domestic life, to bring into our factories and our homes this 
new fuel from which we hope so much, not only in the promotion 
of domestic comfort and economy, but in the advancement of our 
manufacturing institutions. Your calling is one requiring high 
skill and intelligence and great fidelity. The agent with which 
you deal is an admirable servant but a dangerous master, and 
through carelessness may bring a peril instead of a blessing into our 
households and into our communities. I am glad that Indiana, so 
long drained upon by the States west of the Mississippi, has at last 
felt in your coming from that stanch, magnificent Republican com- 
monwealth some restoration of this drain, which has made the 
struggle for Republican success in Indiana doubtful in our previous 
elections. It is time some of the States east of us, having such 
majorities as Pennsylvania, were contributing not only to our busi- 
ness enterprise and prosperity, but to the strengthening of the 



152 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Republican ranks, which have been depleted by the invitations 
which the agricultural States of the West have extended to our en- 
terprising young men. I welcome your here to-night, and will be 
glad to have a personal introduction to each of you. [Applause.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, SEPTEMBER 29. 

OHIO and Illinois did honor this day again to the Repub- 
lican nominee. From Cleveland came 800 voters; their 
organizations were the Harrison Boys in Blue 200 vet- 
erans of the Civil War commanded by Gen. James Bar- 
nett; the Garfield Club, led by Thomas R. Whitehead and 
Albert M. Long; the Logan Club, headed by Capt. W. R. 
Isham, and the German Central Club. Prominent in the 
delegation were Hon. Amos Townsend, John Gibson, and 
Major Palmer, the blind orator. Gen. E. Myers spoke for 
the Buckeyes. The city of Normal, McLean County, 
Illinois, sent a delegation of 200 teachers and students of 
the State Normal School, including 70 ladies. Student 
William Galbraith spoke for his associates. 

General Harrison, in response, said : 

Gentlemen and Friends The organizations represented here this 
morning have for me each an individual interest. Each is sugges- 
tive of a line of thought which I should be glad to follow, but I 
cannot, in the few moments that I can speak to you in this chilly 
atmosphere, say all that the names and character of your respective 
clubs suggest as appropriate. I welcome those comrades in the 
Union army in the Civil War. [Cheers. ] 

Death wrought its work in ghastly form in those years when, 
patiently, fearlessly, and hopefully, you carried the flag to the 
front and brought it at last in triumph to the Nation's capital. 
[Cheers.] Death, since, in its gentler forms, has been coming 
into the households where the veterans that were spared from shot 
and shell abide. The muster-roll of the living is growing shorter. 
The larger company is being rapidly recruited. You live not 
alone in the memories of the war. Your presence here attests that, 
as citizens, you feel the importance of these civil strifes. You 
recall the incidents of the great war. not in malice, not to stir or 
revive sectional divisions, or to re- mark sectional lines, but because 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 15:> 

you believe that it is good for the Nation that loyalty to the flag 
and heroism in its defence should be remembered and honored. 
[Cheers.] There is not a veteran here, in this Republican Club of 
veterans, who does not desire that the streams of prosperity in the 
Southern States should run bank-full. [Cheers.] 

There is not one who does not sympathize with her plague- 
stricken communities, and rejoice in every new evidence of her 
industrial development. The Union veterans have never sought to 
impose hard conditions upon the brave men they vanquished. The 
generous terms of surrender given by General Grant were not alone 
expressions of his own brave, magnanimous nature. The hearts of 
soldiers who carried the gun and the knapsack in his victorious 
army were as generous as his. You were glad to accept the renewal 
of the Confederate soldier's allegiance to the flag as the happy end 
of all strife ; willing that he should possess the equal protection and 
power of a citizenship that you had preserved for yourselves and 
secured to him. [Cheers.] You have only asked and you may 
confidently submit to the judgment of every brave Confederate 
soldier whether the terms are not fair that the veteran of the 
Union army shall have, as a voter, an equal influence in the affairs 
of the country that was saved by him for both with the man who 
fought against the flag, and that soldiers of neither army shall 
abridge the rights of others under the law. [Great cheering.] 
Less than that you cannot accept with honor ; less than that a gen- 
erous foe would not consent to offer. 

To the gentlemen of the John A. Logan Club let me say : You 
have chosen a worthy name for your organization. Patriot, soldier, 
and statesman, Logan's memory will live in the affectionate admi- 
ration of his comrades and in the respect of all his opponents. His 
home State was Illinois, but his achievements were national. 

To these German- American Republicans I give a most cordial 
welcome. You have been known in our politics as a people well 
informed upon all the great economic questions that ha.ve arisen 
for settlement. You have always been faithful to an honest cur- 
rency. [Cheers.] The enticements of depreciated money did not 
win you from sound principle. You bravely stood for a paper cur- 
rency that should be the true equivalent of coin. [Cries of "Good ! 
Good !"] Those who, like your people, have learned the lessons of 
thrift and economy in your old country homes, and have brought 
them here with you, realized that above all things the laborer 
needed honest money that would not shrink in his hands when it 
had paid him for an honest day's toil. And now, when another 
great economic question is pressing for determination, I do not 



154 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

doubt that you will as wisely and as resolutely help to settle that 
also. 

As the great German chancellor, that student of human govern- 
ment and affairs, turning his thoughtful study toward the history 
of our country since the war, has declared that in his judgment our 
protective tariff system was the source of our strength, that by 
reason of it we were able to deal with a war debt that seemed to be 
appalling and insurmountable, I do not doubt that you, too, men 
who believe in work and in thrift, and so many of whom are 
everywhere sheltered under a roof of their own, will unite with 
us in this struggle to preserve our American market for our own 
workingmen, and to maintain here a living standard of wages. 
[Cheers. ] 

To these students who come fresh from the class-room to give me 
a greeting this morning I also return my sincere thanks. I suggest 
to them that they be not only students of books and maxims, but 
also of men a.nd markets ; that in the study of the tariff question 
they do not forget, as so many do, that they are Americans. 

I thank you all again for your visit. I regret that I am not 
able to give you, in my own home, a personal and more cordial 
greeting. My house is not large enough to receive you. [A 
voice, " Your heart is !"] Yes, I have room enough in my heart 
for all. [Great cheering. ] I am very sincerely grateful for these 
evidences of your personal regard. Out of them all ; out of the 
coming of these frequent and enthusiastic crowds of my fellow- 
citizens ; out of all these kind words ; out of these kind faces of 
men and women: out of the hearty " God- speeds" you give me, I 
hope to bring an inspiration and an endowment for whatever may 
be before me in life, whether I shall walk in private or public 
paths. [Great cheering. ] 

The largest delegation of the day, numbering over a 
thousand business men, arrived from Chicago, after stop- 
ping en route at several important points, where their 
orators, Gen. H. H. Thomas, George Drigg, and Judge 
John "W. Green, made speeches. Their notable political 
organizations were the First Tippecanoe Club of Chicago, 
100 veterans of 1840, led by Dr. D. S. Smith; the Logan 
Club, and the Twelfth Ward Republican Club, led by 
Charles Catlin, E. S. Taylor, Wm. Wilkes, and Joseph 
Dixon. Judge Green and Dr. Smith delivered addresses. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 155 

General Harrison, responding, said : 

My Illinois Friends It is a source of great regret to ine that we 
are not able to make your reception more comfortable. The chill 
of this September evening and of this open grove is not sugges- 
tive of the hospitable and cordial welcome that our people would 
have been glad to extend to you. Our excuse for this time may be 
found in the vastness of this assemblage. I am pleased to have 
this fresh and imposing evidence of the enthusiasm and interest of 
the Illinois Republicans. [Cheers.] There is nothing in the great 
history of the Republican party that need inake any man blush to 
own himself a Republican. [Cheers.] There is much to kindle 
the enthusiasm of all lovers of their country. We do not rest in 
the past, but we rejoice in it. [Cheers. ] The Republican party 
has so consistently followed the teachings of those great Americans 
whose names the w T orld reveres that we may appropriately hold a 
Republican convention on the birthday of any one of them. 
[Cheers.] The calendar of our political saints does not omit one 
name that was conspicuous in peace or war. [Cheers.] We can 
celebrate Jackson's birthday or the anniversary of the battle of New 
Orleans because he stood for the unity of the Nation, and his vic- 
tory confirmed it in the respect of the world. [Great cheering.] 
There is no song of patriotism that we do not sing in our meetings. 
There is no marble that has been builded to perpetuate the glory of 
our soldiers about which we may not appropriately assemble and 
proclaim the pine iples that we advocate. [Cheers. ] We believe in 
our country, and give it our love and first care. We have always 
advocated that policy in legislation which was promotive of the 
interests and honor of our country. [Cheers. ] I will not discuss 
any particular public topic to-day, as the conditions are so unfa- 
vorable for out- door speaking. Let me thank you again for this 
cordial evidence of your interest and for the personal respect which 
you have shown to me. I hope you will believe that my heart is 
deeply touched in these manifestations of the friendliness of my 
fellow-citizens. If in anything I shall come short of the high ex- 
pectations and hopes they have formed, it will not be because I do 
not feel myself put under the highest obligations by these evidences 
of their friendly regard to do my utmost to continue in their 
respect and confidence. [Great cheering. ] 



156 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 2. 

THE fourteenth week of General Harrison's public recep- 
tions opened this date with the arrival of an enthusiastic 
Republican club from the distant city of Tower, Minn., 
most of whose members were engaged in the iron industry. 
They left a huge specimen of Vermilion range iron ore 
weighing over 500 pounds in the front yard of the Harri- 
son residence. Prominent in the delegation were Dr. Fred 
Barnett, Capt. Elisha Marcom, S. F. White, Chas. R. 
Haines, John Owens, W. N. Shepard, K H. Bassett, S. J. 
Noble, J. E. Bacon, J. B. Noble, Frank Burke, W. H. 
Wickes, Chas. L. White, A. Nichaud, D. McKinley, and 
Page Norris; also Geo. M. Smith and W. H. Cruikshank, 
of Duluth. 

Immediately following the reception of the Minnesota 
visitors came two large delegations from Fulton and Mar- 
shall counties, Indiana. The Fulton leaders were J. H. 
Bibler, Dr. W. S. Shafer, Dr. E. Z. Capell, Arthur Howard, 
Samuel Heftly, Henry Mow, C. D. Sisson, Arch Stinson, 
J. F. Collins, A. F. Bowers, W. J. Howard, and T. M. 
Bitters, of Rochester. M. L. Essick was their spokes- 
man. Among the prominent members of the Marshall 
County delegation were M. W. Simons, John W. Parks, 
J. W. Siders, Edward McCoy, M. S. Smith, John V. Ast- 
ley, Enoch Baker, I. H. Watson, and Abram Shafer, of 
Plymouth. H. G. Thayer delivered the address. 

General Harrison said : 

My Indiana Friends This is a home company to- day. Usually 
our Indiana visitors have met here delegations from other States. 
I am sure you will understand that I place a special value upon 
these evidences of the interest Indiana Republicans are taking in 
the campaign. Whatever the fate of the battle may be elsewhere, it 
is always a source of pride to the soldier and to his leader that the 
part of the line confided to their care held fast. [Applause. ] I 
feel that I ought also to acknowledge the friendliness and co-oper- 
ation which has been already extended to us in this campaign by 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 157 

many who have differed with us heretofore. [Applause.] It is 
encouraging to hear that the prosperous and intelligent farmers of 
Marshall and Fulton counties have not been misled by the attempt 
to separate the agricultural vote from the vote of the shop. It has 
seemed to me that the Mills bill was framed for the purpose of 
driving from the protection column the agricultural voters, not 
by showing them favor, but the reverse by placing agricultural 
products on the free list, thus withdrawing from the farmer the 
direct benefits he is receiving from our tariff laws as affecting 
the products of his labor, hoping that the farmers might then be 
relied upon to pull down the rest of the structure. I am glad to 
believe that we have in Indiana a class of farmers too intelligent 
to be caught by these unfriendly and fallacious propositions. 
[Applause.] I had to-day a visit from twenty or more gentle- 
men who came from the town of Tower, in the most northern 
part of Minnesota, where, within the last four years, there has 
been discovered and developed a great deposit of iron ore es- 
pecially adapted to the manufacture of steel. Within the four 
years since these mines were opened they tell me that about a mil- 
lion tons of ore have been mined and sent to the furnaces. They 
also mentioned the fact that arrangements are already being 
made to bring block coal of Indiana to the mouth of these iron 
mines, that the work of smelting may be done there. This is a 
good illustration of the interlocking of interests between widely 
separated States of the Union [applause] a new market and a 
larger demand for Indiana coal. 

The attempt is often made to create the impression that only par- 
ticular classes of workingmen are benefited by a protective tariff. 
There can be nothing more untrue. The wages of all labor labor 
upon the farm, labor upon our streets has a direct and essential 
relation to the scale of wages that is paid to skilled labor. [Ap- 
plause.] One might as well say that you could bring down the 
price of a higher grade of cotton cloth without affecting the price 
of lower grades as to say that you can degrade the price of skilled 
labor without dragging down the w^ages of unskilled labor. [Ap- 
plause.] This attempt to classify and schedule the men who are 
benefited by a protective tariff is utterly deceptive. [Applause. ] 
The benefits are felt by all classes of our people by the farmer as 
well as by the workmen in our mills ; by the man who works on 
the street as well as the skilled laborer who works in the mill ; by 
the women in the household, and by the children who are now in 
the schools and might otherwise be in the mills. [Applause.] It 
is a policy broad enough to embrace within the scope of its benefi- 



158 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

cent influence all our population. [Applause. ] I thank you for 
your visit, and will be glad to meet any of you personally who de- 
sire to speak to me. [Applause.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 3. 

THE Porter-Columbian Club, a local organization named 
in honor of Governor Porter, with a membership of TOO 
workingmen, paid their respects to General Harrison on 
this night, commanded by their President and founder, 
Marshall C. Woods, who delivered an address. 

General Harrison, in reply, said : 

Mr. Woods and my Friends My voice is not in condition to 
speak at much length in this cool night air I am very deeply 
grateful for this evidence of the respect of this large body of 
Indianapolis workingmen. I am glad to be assured by what has 
been said to me that you realize that this campaign has a special 
interest for the wage-earners of America. [Cries of "Good! 
Good !"] 

That is the first question in life with you, because it involves the 
subsistence and comfort of your families. I do not wonder then 
that, out of so many different associations in life, you have come 
together into this organization to express your determination to 
vote for the maintenance of the American system of protection. 
[Great cheering. ] 

I think you can all understand that it is not good for American 
workingmen that the amount of work to be done in this country 
should be diminished by transferring some of it to foreign shops. 
[Applause.] Nor ought the wages paid for the work that is done 
here to be diminished by bringing you into competition with the 
underpaid labor of the old country. [Applause.] 

I am not speaking any new sentiment to-night. Many times be- 
fore the Chicago convention I have, in public addresses, expressed 
the opinion that every workingman ought to have such wages as 
would not only yield him a decent and comfortable support for his 
family, and enable him to keep his children in school and out of 
the mill in their tender age, but would allow him to lay up against 
incapacity by sickness or accident, or for old age, some fund on 
which he could rely. These views 1 entertain to-night. I beg you 
to excuse further public speech and to alkrvjr me to receive person- 
ally such of you as care to speak to me. [ Applause. J 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 159 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 4. 

THREE States did homage to the Republican nominee 
this date. From Grand Rapids and Muskegon, Mich., 
came 500 visitors, under the auspices of the Belknap Club 
of Grand Rapids. The wife of Governor Luce was a 
member of the delegation, accompanied by R. C. Luce and 
W. A. Davitt. Other prominent members were : Judge 
F. J. Russell, Hon. A. B. Turner, Col. C. T. Foote, J. B. 
Pantlind, Don J. Leathers, Col. E. S. Pierce, Wm. A. 
Gavett, H. J. Felker, D. G. Grotty, H. J. Stevens, Aldrich 
Tateum, Louis Kanitz, A. E. Yerex, and K McGraft, of 
Grand Rapids ; Thomas A. Parish and Geo. Turner, of 
Grand Haven ; and John J. Cappon, of Holland. John 
Patton, Jr., of Grand Rapids, was orator. 

The Ohio visitors came from Tiffin, Seneca County, 
led by the venerable A. C. Baldwin, Capt. John McCor- 
mick, Albert Corthell, Capt. Edward Jones, Edward 
Nay lor, and J. B. Rosenburger. The wife of Gen. Wm. 
H. Gibson was an honored guest of the delegation, accom- 
panied by Mrs. Robert Lysle and Mrs. Root. J. K. Rohn 
was spokesman for the Ohio visitors. 

The third delegation comprised 1,200 voters from Jay 
County, Indiana, led by Gen. N. Shepherd, Theodore Bai- 
ley, Richard A. Green, John Geiger, E. J. Marsh, Frank 
H. Snyder, and M. V. Moudy, of Portland. Jesse M. La 
Follette was their speaker. 

To these several addresses General Harrison, in response, 
said: 

My Michigan, Ohio, and Indiana Friends These cordial mani- 
festations of your personal regard move me very deeply [applause] , 
but I do not at all appropriate to myself the great expressions of 
popular interest of which this meeting is only one. I understand 
that my relation to these public questions and to the people is a 
representative one that the interest which thus expresses itself is 
in principles of government rather than in men. [Cheers. ] I am 
one of the oldest Republicans ; my first presidential vote was given 



160 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

to the first Republican candidate for that office [applause] , and it 
has always been a source of profound gratification to me that, in 
peace and war, a high spirit of patriotism and devotion to our 
country has always pervaded and dominated the party. [Cheers. ] 
When, during the Civil War, the clouds hung low, disasters thick- 
ened, and the future was crowded with uncanny fears, never did 
any Republican convention assemble without declaring its faith in 
the ultimate triumph of our cause [great cheering] ; and now, with 
a broad patriotism that embraces and regards the interests of all 
the States, it advocates policies that will develop and unite all our 
communities in the friendly and profitable interchange of com- 
merce as well as in a lasting political union. [Applause. ] These 
great Western State-swill not respond to the attempt to excite prej- 
udice against New England. We advocate measures that are as 
broad as our national domain ; that are calculated to distil their 
equal blessing upon all the land. [Cheers.] The people of the 
great West recognize and value the great contribution which those 
commonwealths about Plymouth Rock have made to the civiliza- 
tion, material growth, and manhood of our Western States. 
[Cheers. ] We are not envious of the prosperity of New England ; 
we rejoice in it. We believe that the protective policy developed 
her great manufacturing institutions and made her rich, and we do 
not doubt that a continuance of that policy will produce the 'same 
results in Michigan, Ohio, and Indiana. [Cheers.] We are not 
content to remain wholly agricultural States in our relations to 
either New England or old England. [Applause.] We believe 
that in all these great Western States there are minerals in the soil 
and energy and skill in the brains and arms of our people that will 
yet so multiply and develop our manufacturing industries as to 
give us a nearer home market for much of the products of our soil. 
[Cheers.] And for that great surplus which now and always, per- 
haps, we shall not consume at home we think a New England mar- 
ket better than a foreign market. [Enthusiastic and prolonged 
cheering.] The issue upon this great industrial question is drawn 
as sharply as the lines were ever drawn between contending armies. 
Men are readjusting their party relations upon this great question. 
The appeal that is now made for the defence of our American sys- 
tem is finding its response, and many of those who are opposed to 
us upon other questions are committing such questions to the fut- 
ure for settlement, while they help us to settle now and for an in- 
definite future the great question of the preservation of our com- 
mercial independence. [Applause.] The Democratic party has 
challenged our protected industries to a fight of extermination. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 161 

The wage -earners of our country have accepted the- challenge. The 
issue of the contest will settle for many years our tariff policy. 
[Prolonged cheering.] The eloquent descriptions to which we 
have listened of the material wealth of the great State of Michigan 
have been full of interest to us as citizens of Indiana. We cannot 
doubt that the people of a State having such generous invitations 
to the developments of great home wealth in manufacturing and 
mining pursuits will understand the issue that is presented, and 
will cast their influence in favor of that policy which will make 
that development rapid and sure ; and more than all, and better 
than all, will maintain in her communities a well-paid class of 
wage -workers. [Cheers.] Our wage-workers vote ; they are Amer- 
ican citizens, and it is essential that they be kept free from the 
slavery of want and the discontents bred of injustice. [Applause. ] 

I thank my Michigan friends for these handsome specimens of 
the products of their mines and of their mills. I shall cherish 
them with grateful recollection of this pleasant visit. [Applause. ] 

To my Indiana friends, always generous, I return my thanks for 
this new evidence of their esteem. [Cheers.] 

To my Ohio friends, who so often before have visited me with 
kind expressions of their regard, I return the thanks of a native- 
born Ohioan. [Prolonged cheers from the Ohio delegation. ] 

Three great States are grouped here to-day. I remember at 
Resaca, when the field and staff of the regiments that were to make 
the assault were ordered to dismount, there was a Michigan officer 
too sick to go on foot and too proud to subject himself to the impu- 
tation of cowardice by staying behind. 

He rode alone, the one horseman in that desperate charge, and 
died on that bloody hillside rather than subject his State to the im- 
putation that one of her sons had lingered when the enemy was to 
be engaged. He was a noble type of the brave men these great 
States gave to the country. [Cheers. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 5. 

WISCONSIN and Indiana were the States represented at 
this day's reception. The Wisconsin visitors came from 
Madison, Janesville, and Beloit. Prominent among them 
were General Atwood, editor Wisconsin State Journal, 
Surgeon-General Palmer, W. T. Van Kirk, and T. G. 
Maudt. R. C. Spooner spoke for the Badgers. 



162 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Fountain County, Indiana, sent 2,000 visitors, led by 
a club of Tippecanoo veterans. Among their represent- 
ative men were H. La Tourette, W. W. Layton, John 
H. Spence, of Covington; A. H. Clark, and W. H. Malory, 
of Veedersburg; A. S. Peacock, H.C.Martin, and C. E. 
Holm, of Attica. Capt. Benj. Hegeler,of Attica, delivered 
the address on behalf of the Hoosiers. 

General Harrison responded as follows: 

My Wisconsin and my Indiana Friends These great daily mani- 
festations of the interest of great masses of our people in the prin- 
ciples represented by the Republican party are to me increasingly 
impressive. I am glad to-day that Indiana has opportunity to wel- 
come a delegation from the magnificent State of Wisconsin. 
[Cheers. ] It offers a fitting opportunity to acknowledge my per- 
sonal obligation and the obligation of the Indiana Republicans for 
the early and constant support which Wisconsin gave to the efforts 
of the Indiana delegation in the Chicago convention. [Prolonged 
cheers.] To-day two States, not contiguous in territory, but touch- 
ing in many interests, are met to express the fact that these great 
electoral contests affect all our people. It is not alone in the choice 
of Presidential electors that we have common interests. Our na- 
tional Congress, though chosen in separate districts, legislates for 
all our people. Wisconsin has a direct interest that the ballot shall 
be free and pure in Indiana, and Wisconsin and Indiana have a 
direct interest that the ballot shall be free and pure in all the States. 
[Great cheering. ] Therefore let no man say that it is none of our 
business how elections are conducted in other States. [Cheers. ] I 
believe that this great question of a free ballot, so much disturbed 
by race questions in the South, would be settled this year if the 
men of the South who believe with us upon the great question of 
the protection of American industries would throw off old preju- 
dices and vote their convictions upon that question. [Cheers and 
cries of "Good! Good!"] I believe there are indications that the 
independent manhood of the South will this year strongly manifest 
itself in this direction. Those intelligent and progressive citizens 
of the South who are seeking to build up within their own States 
diversified industries will not much longer be kept in bondage to 
the traditions of the days when the South was wholly a commu- 
nity of planters. 

When they assert their belief in a protective tariff, by support- 
ing the only party that advocates that policy, the question of a 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 1<3 

free ballot, so far as it is a Southern question, will be settled for- 
ever, for they will have the power to insist that those who believe 
with them shall vote, and that their votes shall be counted. [Ap- 
plause.] The protective policy, by developing a home supply and 
limiting importations, helps us to maintain the balance of trade 
upon our side in our dealings with the world. [Cheers. ] Under 
the tariff of 1846 from the year 1850 to 1860 the balance of trade 
was continuously against us, aggregating in that period over three 
hundred millions of dollars. Under the influence of a protective 
tariff the balance of trade has been generally and largely with us, 
unless disturbed by special conditions. Instead of sending our 
gold abroad to pay a foreign balance we have usually been bring- 
ing foreign gold here to augment our store. [Cheers.] I will not 
detain you further. These daily demands upon me make it neces- 
sary that I shall speak briefly. Let me thank most profoundly 
those gentlemen and ladies from Wisconsin who have come so far 
to bring me this tribute of their respect. I very highly value it. 
These, my Indiana friends, unite with me in thanking you for 
your presence to-day. [Cheers from the Indianians. ] To my nearer 
friends, my Fountain County friends, let me say I am profoundly 
grateful to you for this large and imposing demonstration and for 
the interest you are individually taking in this campaign. [Cheers. ] 
I do not think of it as a personal campaign. It has always seemed 
to me to be altogether greater than that, and when I thank you for 
your interest and commend your zeal it is an interest in principles 
and a zeal for the truth that I approve. [Cheers.] 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 6. 

SATURDAY, October G, was one of the great days of the 
campaign. The first delegation, numbering 2,000, came 
from Wells and Blackford counties, Indiana. Conspicu- 
ous in their ranks were two large uniformed clubs of 
ladies, one from Montpelier, and the Carrie Harrison Club 
of Bluff ton. In the Wells County contingent were many 
1840 veterans and 21 newly-converted Democrats. Their 
leaders were Asbury Duglay, D. H. Swaim, B. W. Bow- 
man, Peter Ulmer, Silas Wisner, Joseph Milholland, J. 
C. Hatfield, and T. A. Doan. J. J. Todd was their spokes- 
man. Prominent in the Blackford delegation were Frank 



164 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Geisler, H. M. Campbell, W. L. Hitter, Eli Hamilton, R. 
V. Ervin, W. A. Williams, John Sipe, and John Cantwell, 
of Hartford City; J. C. Summervffle, Win. Pugh, J. H. 
Morrical, G. A. Mason, John G. Ward, and J. M. Tinsley, 
of Montpelier. Hon. B. G. Shinn delivered the address on 
behalf of the Blackford people. 

General Harrison confined his speech to State questions. 
He said : 

My Wells and Blackford County Friends I am glad to meet you. 
It is extremely gratifying to be assured by your presence here this 
inclement day, and by the kind words which you have addressed 
to me through your representatives, that I have some part in your 
friendly regard as an individual. But individuals are not of the 
first importance. That man who thinks that the prosperity of this 
country or the right administration of its affairs is wholly depen- 
dent upon him grossly exaggerates his value. The essential things 
to us are the principles of government upon which our institutions 
were builded, and by and through which we make that symmetri- 
cal and safe growth which has characterized our Nation in the past, 
and which is yet to raise it to a higher place among the nations 
of the earth. [Applause.] We are Indianians Hoosiers, if you 
please [cheers] and are proud of the State of which we are citi- 
zens. Your spokesmen have referred with an honest pride to th<s 
counties from which you have come, and that is well. But I would 
like to suggest to you that every political community and neighbor- 
hood has a character of its own, a moral character, as well as every 
man and every woman, and it is exceedingly important, looked at 
even from the side of material advantage, that our communities 
should maintain a good reputation for social order, intelligence, 
virtue, and a faithful and willing obedience to law. [Applause.] 
It cannot be doubted that such a character possessed by any State 
or county attracts immigration and capital, advances its material 
development, and enhances the value of its farms. There has been 
much in the history of Indiana that is exceedingly creditable. 
There have been some things there are some things to-day that 
are exceedingly discreditable to us as a political community ; things 
that I believe retard the advancement of our State and affect its 
material prosperity by degrading it in the estimation of right-think- 
ing men. One of those things is this patent and open fact : that 
the great benevolent institutions of this State, instead of being op- 
erated upon the high plane that public charities should occupy, are 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 105 

being operated and managed upon the lowest plane of party pur- 
poses and advantage. [Cries of "That's so !"] Another such thing 
is of recent occurrence. In the campaign of 1886, after advising 
with the chief law officer of the State, a Democratic Governor de- 
clared to the people of this State that there was a vacancy in the 
office of Lieutenant- Governor which the people were entitled to fill 
at the ensuing general election. The Democratic party acted upon 
that advice, assembled in convention in this hall, and nominated , 
John C. Nelson for Lieutenant -Governor. The Republican party 
followed with their convention, and placed in nomination that gal- 
lant soldier, Robert S. Robertson. [Cheers. ] These two gentlemen 
went before the people of Indiana and made a public canvass for 
the office. The election was held, and Colonel Robertson was chosen 
by a majority of about 3,000. [Applause.] Is there a man in the 
State, Democratic or Republican, who doubts that if the choice had 
been otherwise, and Mr. Nelson had received a majority at the 
polls, the House of Representatives, which was Republican, would 
have met with the Democratic Senate in an orderly joint meeting, 
for canvassing the votes, and that Mr. Nelson would have been in- 
augurated as Lieutenant -Governor? [Cries of "No, no!"] But the 
result was otherwise ; and the public fame, the good reputation of 
this State, was dishonored when, by force and brutal methods, the 
voice of the people was stifled, and the man they had chosen was 
excluded from the right to exercise the duties of the office of 
Lieutenant -Governor. [Cries of "Yes, yes !"] Do the people think 
that the attractiveness of Indiana as a home for Americans who be- 
lieve in social order and popular government has been increased 
by this violent and disgraceful incident? Do our Democratic 
friends who have an honest State pride, who would like to main- 
tain the honor and good reputation of the State, who would have 
the people of our sister States believe that we have a people who 
believe in a warm canvass but in a free ballot, and a manly and 
ready acquiescence in election results, intend to support their lead- 
ers in this violent exclusion from office of a duly chosen public 
officer? Do those who are Democrats from principle, and not 'for 
personal spoils, intend to support the men who have first prosti- 
tuted our benevolent institutions to party and now to personal ad- 
vantage? These things, if not reproved and corrected by our people, 
will not only disgrace us in the estimation of all good people, but 
will substantially retard the material development of the State. 
[Cheers.] I am not talking to-day of questions in which I have 
any other interest than that you have, my fellow-citizens. [Ap- 
plause. ] I believe the material prosperity of Indiana, much more 



1G6 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

the honor, will be advanced if her people in this State election 
shall rebuke the shameless election frauds that have recently scan- 
dalized .our State, the prostitution of our benevolent institutions, 
and the wanton violence that overturned the result of the popular 
election in 1886. [Great cheering. ] 



THE CHICAGO VETERANS. 

THE great event of the day was the reception tendered 
the veterans and citizens from Chicago, Hyde Park, Pull- 
man, South Chicago, and the town of Lake. They num- 
bered over 3,000, and arrived in the evening, after stopping 
en route at Danville, 111., and Crawfordsville, Ind., to 
participate in demonstrations. The Chicago contingent 
comprised 800 members of the Union Veteran Club, com- 
manded by its President, Capt. John J. Healy ; 600 mem- 
bers of the Veteran Union League, led by Capt. James J. 
Healy; the Elaine Club, Second Regiment Band, and 
many smaller clubs. Leaders in the delegation were Major 
McCarty, Col. Dan. W. Munn, Hon. Stephen A. Douglas, 
Jr., S. W. King, Charles H. Hann, and others. Hyde 
Park sent several hundred rolling-mill men ; the city of 
Pullman 200 car-builders ; the town of Lake " the largest 
village in the world" was represented by a flambeau 
club, the Lake View Screw Club, and numerous other or- 
ganizations. Their leading representatives were Col. J. 
Hodgkins, Judge C. M. Hawley, Hon. John E. Cowells, 
Hon. B. E. Hoppin, Geo. C. Ingham, Judge Freen, Hon. 
L. D. Condee, Joseph Hardacre, Edward Maher, M. J. 
McGrath, A. G. Proctor, Frank I. Bennett, and Col. Fos- 
ter. 

The visitors were met by about 10,000 citizens and es- 
corted to Tomlinson Hall. When General Harrison ap- 
peared, accompanied by Judge E. B. Martindale, Chair- 
man of the Reception Committee, there ensued a scene 
never to be forgotten by those who witnessed it. The 0,000 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES*. ] (57 

people present arose to their chairs, surrounding the visit- 
ing veterans, all frantically waving flags and banners. 
The demonstration continued without abatement for ten 
minutes. General Harrison stood as if dazed by the spec- 
tacle. Finally ex-Governor Hamilton, of Illinois, secured 
quiet, and on behalf of the veterans addressed the gather- 
ing, followed by Judge E. W. Keightly on behalf of the 
Hyde Park visitors. 

General Harrison's response was by many regarded as 
his greatest speech of the campaign. He said : 

Comrades and Friends It is a rare sight, and it is one very full 
of interest to us as citizens of Indiana, to see this great hall filled 
with the people of another State, come to evidence their interest 
in great principles of government. [Cheers.] I welcome to-night 
for myself and for our people this magnificent delegation from 
Chicago and Hyde Park. [Cheers. ] We have not before in the 
procession of these great delegations seen its equal in numbers, en- 
thusiasm, and cordiality. I thank you profoundly for whatever of 
personal respect there is in this demonstration [cheers] , but above 
all, as an American citizen, I rejoice in this convincing proof that 
our people realize the gravity and urgency of the issues involved in 
"this campaign. [Cheers. ] I am glad to know that this interest 
pervades all classes of our people. [Cheers.] This delegation, 
composed of the business men of Chicago and of the men who 
wield the hammer in the shops, shows a common interest in the 
right decision of these great questions. [Great cheers.] 

Our Government is not a government by classes or for classes of 
our fellow-citizens. [Cheers.] It is a government of the people 
and by the people. [Renewed cheering.] Its wise legislation dis- 
tils its equal blessings upon the homes of the rich and the poor. 
[Cheers.] I am especially glad that these skilled, intelligent work- 
men coming out of your great workshops have manifested, by their 
coining, to their fellow- workmen throughout the country their ap- 
preciation of what is involved for them in this campaign. [Pro- 
longed cheers. ] 

May that God who has so long blessed us as a Nation long defer 
that evil day when penury shall be a constant guest in the homes 
of our working people, and long preserve to us that intelligent, 
thrifty and cheerful body of workmen that was our strength in 
war and is our guaranty of social order in time of peace ! [Great 
cheering.] Comrades of the Civil War, it was true of the great 



108 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Union army, as it is said to be of the kingdom of heaven not 
many rich. [Cheers.] It was out of the homes of our working 
people the great army came. It was the strong arm inured to 
labor on the farm or in the shop tha.t bore up the flag in the smoke 
of battle, carried it through storms of shell and shot, and lifted it 
again in honor over our national Capital. [Prolonged cheers. ] 

After so many historical illustrations of the evil effects of aban- 
doning the policy of protection for that of a revenue tariff, we 
are again confronted by the suggestion that the principle of protec- 
tion shall be eliminated from our tariff legislation. Have we not 
had enough of such experiments? Does not the history of our tar- 
iff legislation tell us that every revenue tariff has been followed by 
business and industrial crashes, and that a return to the policy of 
protection has stimulated our industries and set our throbbing 
workshops again in motion? [Cheers.] And yet, again and again, 
the Democratic party comes forward with this pernicious proposi- 
tion for it has been from that party always that the proposition 
to abandon our protective policy and to substitute a revenue tariff 
has come. [Cries of "That's so!"] 

I had placed in my hands yesterday a copy of the London News 
for September 13. The editor says in substance that, judging the 
purposes of the Democratic party by the executive message of last 
December, the English people were justified in believing that party 
meant free trade ; but if they \vere to accept the more recent utter- 
ances of its leader, protesting that that w T as not their purpose, then 
the editor thus states the issue presented by the Democratic party. 
I read but a single sentence "It is, at any rate, a contest between 
protection and something that is not protection. " [Prolonged and 
w r ild cheering.] It is not of the smallest interest to you what that 
other thing is. [Continued cheering. ] It is enough to know that 
it is not protection. [Renewed cheering. ] Those who defend the 
present Democratic policy declare that our people not only pay the 
tariff duty upon all imported goods, but that a corresponding 
amount is added to the price of every domestic competing article. 
That for every dollar that is paid into the Treasury in the form of 
a customs duty the people pay several dollars more in the enhanced 
cost of the domestic competing article. Those who honestly hold 
such doctrines cannot stop short of the absolute destruction of our 
protective system. [Cries of "No, no!"] The man who- preaches 
such doctrines and denies that he is on the road to free trade is 
like the man who takes passage on a train scheduled from here to 
Cincinnati without a stop, and when the train is speeding on its 
way at the rate of forty miles an hour, denies that he is going to 



HAREISOX'S SPEECHES. 109 

Cincinnati. [Great laughter and cheering.] The impulse of such 
logic draws toward free trade as surely and swiftly as that engine 
pulls the train to its appointed destination. It inevitably brings 
us to the English rule of levying duties only upon such articles as 
we do not produce at home, such as tea and coffee. That is purely 
revenue tariff, and is practically free trade. 

Against this the Republican party proposes that our tariff duty 
shall be of an intelligent purpose, be levied chiefly upon competing 
articles. [Cheers.] That our American workmen shall have the 
benefit of discriminating duties upon the products of their labor. 
[Cheers.] The Democratic policy increases importation, and, by 
so much, diminishes the work to be done in America. It transfers 
work from the shops of South Chicago to Birmingham. [Cries of 
"Right you are !"] For, if a certain amount of any manufactured 
article is necessary for a year's supply to our people, and we in- 
crease the amount that is brought from abroad, by just so much we 
diminish the amount that is made at home, and in just that propor- 
tion we throw out of employment the men that are working here. 
And not only so, but when this equal competition is established 
between our shops and the foreign shops, there is not a man here 
who does not know that the only condition under which the Amer- 
ican shop can run at all is that it shall reduce the wages of its em- 
ployees to the level of the wages paid in the competing shops 
abroad. [Cheers.] This is, briefly, the whole story. I believe we 
should look after and protect our American workingmen ; there- 
fore I am a Republican. [Renewed enthusiastic cheering.] 

But I will not detain you longer. [Cries of "Go on!"] You 
must excuse me ; I have been going on for three months. [A 
voice, "And you'll go on for four years !"] I am somewhat under 
restraint in what I can say, and others here are somewhat under 
restraint as to what they can appropriately say in my presence. I 
beg you therefore to allow me, after thanking you again for your 
kindness, to retire that others who are here may address you. 
[Great cheering. ] 



170 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 11. 

IN point of numbers the greatest day of the Indiana cam- 
paign was Thursday, October 11, when over 50,000 visitors 
arrived from all points in Indiana and along the border 
counties of Ohio to participate in the greeting to the 
Hon. James G. Elaine, who was the guest of General Har- 
rison. 

From the balcony of the New-Denison Hotel General 
and Mrs. Harrison, accompanied by Mr. Elaine, Gen. 
Adam King, of Baltimore; Col. A. L. Snowden and Gen. 
D. H. Hastings, of Pennsylvania; Col. M. J. Murray, of 
Massachusetts; Gen. W. C. Plummer, of Dakota; Cor- 
poral James Tanner, of New York ; ex-Senator Ferry, of 
Michigan; Hon. R. W. Thompson, ex-Governor A. G. 
Porter, Hon. J. N.Huston, Gen. A. P. Hovey, and Ira J. 
Chase, reviewed probably the greatest political parade ever 
witnessed in this country outside of the city of New York. 
Twenty-five thousand men constituted the marching col- 
umn, in nine great divisions, commanded by Col. Charles 
S. Millard, Chief Marshal, with Gen. James S. Carnahan, 
Chief of Staff, and 200 aids. The division commanders 
and principal aids were : 

First Division, Gen. N. R. Ruckle, of Indianapolis. 
Chief of Staff, Charles J. Many, of Indianapolis. 

Second Division, Capt. H. M. Caylor, of Noblesville. 
Chief of Staff, Major J. M. Watt, of Delphi. 

Third Division, John "W. Lovett, of Anderson. Chief 
of Staff, Col. George Parker. 

Fourth Division, Gen. Tom Bennett, of Richmond. 
Chief of Staff, Capt. Ira B. Myers, of Peru. 

Fifth Division, Col. T. C. Burnside, of Liberty. Chief 
of Staff, J. W. Ream, of Muncie. 

Sixth Division, Col. J. M. Story, of Franklin. Chief of 
Staff, Capt. David Wilson, of Martinsville. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES, 171 

Seventh Division, Col. W. R. McClellen, of Danville. 
Chief of Staff, Capt. W. H. Armstrong, of Terre Haute. 

Eighth Division, Capt. T. H. B. McCain, of Crawfords- 
ville. Chief of Staff, Edward Watson, of Brazil. 

Ninth Division, Capt. J. O. Pedigo, of Lebanon. Chief 
of Staff, C. C. Shirley, of Kokomo. 

Mr. Blaine visited the Exposition grounds in the after- 
noon, where Major W. H. Calkins introduced him to an 
audience of about 30,000, to whom he addressed a few 
words. At night Mr. Blaine delivered one of hie masterly 
speeches at Tomlinson Hall to an audience of 6,000. At 
the close of the Blaine meeting General Harrison received 
a delegation from Cincinnati, consisting of A. B. Horton, 
H. D. Emerson, Wm. Fredberger, James A. Graff, H. R. 
Probasco, Dr. M. T. Carey, Abram Myer, Fred Pryor, and 
Walter Hartpense, who called to invite him to attend the 
Cincinnati Exposition on "Republican Day." A St. Louis 
delegation, members of the Loyal Legion, also paid their 
respects. Among them were Col. R. C. Kerens, Col. Nelson 
Cole, Col. J. S. Butler, Major W. R. Hodges, Captain 
Gleason, G. B. Adams, H. L. Merrill, C. H. Sampson, and 
W. B. Gates. 

On October 18 a party of distinguished railroad mag- 
nates visited General Harrison. They were Hon. Chauncey 
M. Depew, J. D. Layng, H. W. Webb, Sam'l Barton, Sew- 
ard C. Webb, and C. F. Cox, of New York; J. De Koven, 
of Chicago; S. M. Beach, of Cleveland, and J. Q. Van 
Winkle, of St. Louis. 

On October 19 General Harrison received informally i 
150 survivors of the Eleventh Indiana Regiment, headed 
by their first colonel, Gen. Lew Wallace, and General 
McGinnis. 



1?2 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 13. 

Two large and influential organizations visited General 
Harrison on October 13. From Milwaukee came 400 mem- 
bers of the Young Men's Republican Club Paul D. Car- 
penter, President; George Russell, Secretary. Among 
other prominent members were Samuel Chandler, who or- 
ganized the pilgrimage, and Walter W. Pollock. Presi- 
dent Carpenter son of the late Senator Matt Carpenter 
and C. S. Otjen, a wage-worker, were spokesmen for tjie 
club. 

The second and largest delegation was the Chicago Ger- 
man-American Republican Club Franz Amberg, Presi- 
dent ; F. J. Buswick, Secretarjr. Accompanying them was 
the Excelsior Band and sixteen voices from the Orpheus 
Maennerchor Society of Chicago. Among the widely 
known members with the club were Hon. Chris. Mamer, 
Louis Huck, Peter Hand, Edward Bert, Peter Mahr, 
Henry Wulf, City Treasurer Plantz, K F. Plotke, and 
Alderman Tiedemann. As General Harrison entered the 
hall the reception exercises were opened by the Maenner- 
chor Society with the inspiring hymn "This is the Lord's 
own day." Addresses on behalf of the visitors were made 
by Hon. Wm. Vocke, Henry Greenbaum, and Andrew 
Soehngen; also, General Fred Knefler for the German 
Republicans of Indiana, and Hon A. B. Ward, of Dakota. 

General Harrison, responding to both visiting delega- 
tions, said: 

My Friends of the German -American Republican Club of Chicago, 
and of the Club of Milwaukee, and my Home German Friends I 
am very grateful for the kind words you have addressed to me. 
The long journey most of you have taken upon this inclement day 
to tender your respects to me as the candidate of the Republican 
party is very convincing evidence that you believe this civil con- 
test to be no mock tournament, but a very real and a very decisive 
battle for great principles. [Cheers]. My German-American 
friends, you are a home-loving people ; father, mother, wife, child 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 173 

are words that to you have a very full and a very tender meaning. 
[Cheers. ] The old father and mother never outlive the veneration 
and love of the children in a German household. [Cheers. ] You 
have come from the fatherland in families, and have set up again 
here the old hearth -stones. Out of this love of home there is nat- 
urally horn a love of country it is only the widening of the family 
circle and so our fellow-citizens of German birth and descent did 
not fail to respond with alacrity and enthusiasm to the call of their 
adopted country when armies were mustered for the defence of the 
Union. [Cheers. ] The people of Indiana will long remember the 
veteran Willichand the Thirty-second Regiment of Indiana Volun- 
teers (or First German), which he took into the field in 1861. The 
repulse by this regiment alone of an attacking force under General 
Hindman of 1,100 infantry, a battalion of Texas Rangers, and four 
pieces of artillery at Rowlett's Station, in December, 1861, filled 
our people with enthusiasm and pride. Again and again the im- 
petuous Texas horsemen threw themselves with baffled fury upon 
that square of brave hearts. No bayonet point was lowered, no 
skulker broke the wall of safety that enclosed the flag. [Cheers. ] 

Your people are industrious, thrifty, and provident. To lay by 
something is one of life's earliest lessons in a German home. These 
national traits naturally drew your people to the support of the Re- 
publican party when it declared for freedom and free homes in the 
Territories. [Cheers. ] They secured your adherence to the cause of 
the Union in the Civil War. They gave us your help in the long 
struggle for resumption and an honest currency, and I do not doubt 
that they will now secure your sympathy and help in this great 
contest in behalf of our American homes. Your people are largely 
wage-earners. They have prospered under a protective tariff, and 
will not, I am sure, vote for such a change in our tariff policy as 
will cut off from their wages that margin which they are now able 
to lay aside for old age and for their children. 

And now a word to my young friends from Wisconsin. You 
have come into the possession of the suffrage at an important, if 
not critical, time in our public affairs. The Democratic party out 
of power was a party of negations. It did not secure its present 
lease of power upon the platform or the policies it now supports and 
advocates. [Cheers. ] The campaign of 1884 was not made" upon 
the platform of a tariff for revenue only. Our workingmen were 
soothed with phrases that implied some regard to their interests, 
and Democrats who believed in a protective tariff were admitted 
to the party councils and gladly heard in public debate. [Cheers.] 
But four years of power have changed all this. Democrats who 



174 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

thought they could be protectionists and still maintain their party 
standing have been silenced or their opinions coerced. The issue 
is now distinctly made between " protection and something that is 
not protection. " [Cheers. ] The Republican party fearlessly accepts 
the issue and places itself upon the side of the American home and 
the American workingman. [Cheers.] We invite these young 
men who were too young to share the glory of the struggle for our 
political unity to a part in this contest for the preservation of our 
commercial independence. [Cheers.] 

And now to these friends who are the bearers of gifts, one word 
of thanks. I especially value this cane as a token of the confidence 
and respect of the workingmen of Bay View. [Cheers. ] I accept 
their gift with gratitude, and would wish you, sir, to bear in re- 
turn my most friendly regards and good wishes to eveiy one of 
them. I do not need to lean on this beautiful cane, but I do feel 
like resting upon the intelligent confidence of the men who sent it. 
[Great cheering. ] I am glad to know that they have not stumbled 
over the simple problem that is presented for their consideration in 
this campaign. They know that an increase of importation means 
diminished work in American shops. [Cheers.] To my friend 
who brings this beautiful specimen of American workmanship, 
this commonly accepted token of good luck, I give my thanks. 
But we will not trust wholly in this symbol of good luck. The 
earnest individual effort of the American people only can make the 
result of this contest so decisive, so emphatic, that we shall not for 
a generation hear any party contest the principle that our tariff laws 
shall adequately protect our own workingmen. [Great cheering. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 17. 

OHIO'S chief executive, Gov. Joseph B. Foraker, es- 
corted by the Garfield Club and the Fourteenth Regiment 
Band of Columbus, made a pilgrimage to the Republican 
Mecca on October 17. The widely known Columbus Glee 
Club accompanied them. Among the prominent Repub- 
licans with the delegation were Auditor of State Poe, Ad- 
jutant-General Axline,' Hon. Estes G. Rathbone, C. L. 
Kurtz, D. W. Brown, C. E. Prior, L. D. Hogerty, J. W. 
Firestone, and Ira H. Crum. Escorted bv the Columbia 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 175 

Club, the Buckeyes marched to the residence of General 
Harrison and were introduced by Governor Foraker. 
In response to their greeting General Harrison said : 

Gentlemen It was very appropriate that these representative Ohio 
Republicans should accompany to the State of Indiana your distin- 
guished Governor, whose presence among us to-day is so welcome 
to our people. We know his story as the young Ohio volunteer, 
the fearless champion of Republican principles in public debate, 
and the resolute, courageous, and sagacious executive of the great 
State of Ohio. [Applause. ] We welcome him and we welcome 
you. The fame of this magnificent glee club has preceded them. 
We are glad to have an opportunity to hear you. 

To these members of the Garfield Club I return my thanks for 
this friendly call. You bear an honored name. I look back with 
pleasure to the small contribution I was able to make in Indiana 
toward securing the electoral vote of this State to that great son 
of Ohio, whose tragic death spread gloom and disappointment over 
our land. I welcome you as citizens of my native State a State I 
shall always love, because all of my early associations are with it. 
In this State, to which I came in my earliest manhood, the Repub- 
licans are as stanch and true, as valorous and resolute, as can be 
found in any of the States. You have no advantage of us except 
in numbers. We welcome you all as Republicans. [A voice, 
"That's what we are !"] We believe that our party now advocates 
another great principle that needs to be established made fast 
put where it shall be beyond assault. It is a principle which has 
wrought marvellously in the development of our country since the 
war. It has enabled us to handle a great national debt, which our 
desponding Democratic friends said would inevitably sink our coun- 
try into bankruptcy, so that we are not troubled about getting the 
money to pay our maturing bonds, but are getting it faster than 
our bonds mature. We need to establish this principle of protec- 
tion, the defence of our American workers against the degrading 
and unfriendly competition of pauper labor in all other countries 
[cheers], so unmistakably that it shall not again be assailed. [A 
voice, "Amen!"] Our Democratic friends in previous campaigns 
have deceived the people upon this great question by uncertain and 
evasive utterances. We are glad to know that now they have 
drawn the issue clearly ; we accept it. [Applause. ] If we shall be 
able in this campaign, as I believe we will, to arouse our people to 
the importance of maintaining our defences against unfair foreign 
competition, we shall administer those who believe in revenue tar- 



176 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

iffs and in progressive free trade a wholesome lesson one that will 
last them a lifetime. [Cheers. ] 

I had resolutely determined when I came upon these steps not to 
make a speech. [Laughter and cries of "Go on !"] I am absolutely 
determined to stop now. [Laughter. ] I shall be glad to meet the 
members of these escort clubs personally in my house. [Three 
cheers. J 

Later in the day about 100 survivors of the Seventy- 
ninth Indiana Regiment, led by their first colonel, Gen- 
eral Fred Knefler, called on General Harrison, and were 
presented by their leader in a brief speech, in response to 
which General Harrison, speaking from his doorway, 
said: 

General Knefler and Comrades I am always deeply touched when 
my comrades visit me and offer their kindly greetings. I have no 
higher ambition than to stand well in the estimation of my com- 
rades of the old Union army. I will not speak of any political 
topic. These men who stand before me gave the supreme evidence 
of their love and devotion to their country. No man could give 
more than they offered. The perpetuity of our institutions, the 
honor of what General Sherman so felicitously called the "old 
glory," demand the country shall always and in every appropriate 
way honor and reward the men who kept it a Nation. Whatever 
may be said of our great prosperity since the war, and it can 
scarcely be exaggerated, if we look for the cause under God, is it 
not found in the stout hearts of these men? They have opened this 
wide avenue of prosperity and honor in which we are moving. It 
will be a shame if our people do not in every way properly recog- 
nize that debt and properly honor the men who gave this supreme 
evidence of their devotion to the country and its institutions. 
Thanking you again for this visit, I will be glad if you will enter 
my house and let me meet you personally. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES 177 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 20. 

FOR the fifth time during the campaign the commercial 
travellers visited General Harrison, each time with in- 
creased numbers. On Saturday, October 20, under the 
supervision of the Commercial Travellers' Eepublican Club 
of Indianapolis G. C. Webster, President; Ernest Morris, 
Secretary they held one of the largest and most success- 
ful demonstrations of this remarkable campaign. Their 
gathering partook of a national character, as large num- 
bers of " drummers" were present from Massachusetts, New 
York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Michigan, Illinois, 
Missouri, West Virginia, and Vermont, while every im- 
portant city in Indiana sent its complement. 

The visitors were received by a local committee of trav- 
elling men, consisting of Fred Schmidt, Chairman; C. 
McPherson, Win. Faucet, Joseph Stubbs, Jeff Cook, Ed. 
Allcott, J. C. Norris, M. P. Green, Geo. White, O. W. Mor- 
man, Chas. D. Pearson, Jeff Taylor, Wm. P. Bone, Henry 
Ramey, Albert A. Womack, John A. Wright, James W. 
Muir, and Frank Brough. It was estimated that 40,000 
spectators witnessed their fine parade, a conspicuous feat- 
ure of which was a big bull covered with a white cloth on 
which was printed the words " John Bull rides the Dem- 
ocratic party and we ride John Bull." On his back rode 
" Drummer " Dan'l B. Long in an emerald suit, while L. 
A. Worch, dressed as Uncle Sam, led the bovine. The 
parade was in charge of Chief Marshal J. R. Ross and his 
aids. As the column passed their residence it was re- 
viewed by General and Mrs. Harrison. Later in the day 
the visitors were received at Tomlinson Hall. When 
General Harrison appeared a great demonstration oc- 
curred. President Webster presided ; the speakers were : 
John E. Dowell, of Boston; R. T. Dow, of Atlanta; C. L. 
Young and John L. Fennimore, of Columbus, Ohio ; Chae. 



178 HARBISON'S SPEECHES. 

P. Banks, of Brooklyn; John L. Griffiths and John C. Win- 
gate, of Indiana. 

General Harrison said. 

My Friends Your times already, I believe, the commercial trav- 
ellers have honored me by calling upon me in large delegations. 
You have assembled to-day, not from a single State or locality, but 
from many States, upon the invitation of your associates of this 
city, to show your intelligent interest in the principles that are in- 
volved in this campaign. [Cheers. ] I do not need to repeat what 
I have said on former occasions, that I very highly value the re- 
spect and confidence of the commercial travellers of the United 
States. [Cheers.] I value it because I believe they give their 
adherence to the party whose candidate I am upon an intelligent 
investigation and upon an earnest conviction as to what is good for 
the country of which they are citizens. [Cheers.] Who should 
be able, better than you, to know the commercial and business 
needs of our country? You, whose hand is every day upon the 
business pulse of the people ; you, who travel the country up and 
down upon all the swift highways of commerce, and who are 
brought in contact with the business men of the country, not only 
in our great centres of commerce, but in all the hamlets of the 
land. I believe I may say for you that, as a result of this per- 
sonal knowledge of our business needs, you have concluded that 
the policy for America is the policy of a protective tariff. [Great 
cheering. ] 

There are doubtless here many representatives of great American 
manufacturing establishments ; and who should know better than 
they the prostrating effects upon the industries they represent of 
this policy of a revenue tariff, or the not much differing policy of 
free trade? [Cheers.] Who should know better than you that if 
the discriminating duties now levied, which enable our American 
manufacturers to maintain a fair competition with the manufact- 
urers of other countries, and at the same time to pay a scale of 
living wages to the men and women who work for them, is once 
broken down, American competition with foreign production be- 
comes impossible, except by the reduction of the scale of Amer- 
ican wages to the level of the wages paid abroad ? [Cheers. ] Cer- 
tainly you do not need to be told that that shop or mill that has 
the smallest pay-roll in proportion to its production will take the 
market. [Cheers.] Certainly you do not need to be told that the 
wages now enjoyed by our American workmen are greatly larger 
and the comforts thoy enjoy greatly more than those enjoyed by 



HARRISOX'S SPEECHES. 170 

the working people of any other land. [Cheers. ] Certainly yon 
do not need to be told that if the American Government, instead 
of patronizing home industries, buys its blankets for the public 
service in England there is just that much less work for Amer- 
ican workmen to do. [Cheers.] This is to me the beginning and 
the end of the tariff question. Since I was old enough to have 
opinions or to utter them, I have held to the doctrine that the true 
American policy was that which should maintain not only a living 
rate of wages, but one with a margin for savings and comfort for 
our workmen. I believe that policy is essential to the prosperity 
and possibly to the perpetuity of our Government [Cheers. ] The 
two propositions that now stare our working people and our whole 
country in the face are these : competition with foreign countries, 
without adequate discriminating and favoring duties, means lower 
wages to our working people ; a revenue-only tariff, or progressive 
free trade, means larger importations of foreign goods, and that 
means less work in America. [Cheers.] 

Let our Democratic friends fairly meet these two indisputable 
conclusions. How do they do it? [Cries, "They don't; they 
can't!"] By endeavoring to prevent and poison the minds of our 
working people by utterly false and scandalous campaign stories. 
[Enthusiastic cheering. ] Let me say in conclusion that I believe 
the managers of the Democratic campaign greatly underestimate 
the intelligence, the sense of decency, and the love of fair play 
which prevail among our people. [Great cheering.] You will 
pardon further remark. The evening is drawing on, and many of 
you, I am sure, have been made uncomfortable by your muddy 
walk through the streets of our city. I cannot omit, however, to 
thank my friends from Lafayette for this beautiful floral tribute 
which they have placed at my side an emblem of their profession. 
[Floral gripsack.] I accept it gratefully, and very highly appre- 
ciate it as a mark of the confidence and respect of the intelligent 
body of my own fellow-citizens of Indiana. [Great cheering. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 22. 

THREE thousand enthusiastic citizens of Springfield, 
Clarke County, Ohio, paid their respects to the Republican 
nominee on this date, under the auspices of the Republican 
White Hat Brigade, Gen. A. S. Bushnell, Commander; E. 
T. Themes, Vice-Commander; S. J. Wilkerson, Chief of 



180 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Staff; J. W. R. Cline, Sam'l Hoffman, and J. H. Arbogast, 
Aids. The brigade, comprising 2,300 voters, each wear- 
ing a white beaver hat, was divided into three regiments 
and accompanied by six excellent bands. 

The First Regiment was commanded by Col. J. A. 
Dickus, Lieut. -Col. Geo. Lentz, Major Henry Harper. Sec- 
ond Regiment Col. Wm. F. Bakhaus, Lieut. -Col. Darwin 
Pierce, Major Wm. Robinson. Third Regiment Col. 
H. N. Taylor, Lieut. -Col. Henry Hains, Major P. M. 
Hawk. "When General Harrison entered the hall every 
Buckeye stood on his chair and frantically waved his high 
hat in one hand and a flag in the other. General Bushnell 
made the presentation address, to which General Harrison 
responded as follows : 

General Bushnell and my OJiio Friends The people of Clarke 
County owed me a visit. I recall, with great pleasure, two occa- 
sions when I visited your prosperous county and the rich and busy 
city of Springfield to speak in behalf of the Republican party and 
its candidates. I recall with pleasure the cordiality with which I 
was received by your people. [Applause.] I noted then the intel- 
ligent interest manifested by the masses of your people in public 
questions, and the enthusiasm with which you rallied to the de- 
fence of Republican principles. [Cheers.] We are glad to wel- 
come you to Indiana, but regret that this inclement day and our 
muddy streets have thrown about your visit so many incidents of 
discomfort. I hope that you will not allow these incidents to give 
you an unfavorable impression of the beautiful capital city of Indi- 
ana. [Cheers and cries of "We won't!"] Our people are glad to 
have this added evidence of the interest which the people of your 
State take in the question which the issue of this campaign will 
settle. I say settle, because I believe that the question of the life of 
the protective tariff system is now very distinctly presented. The 
enemies of the system have left their ambuscades and taken to the 
open field, and we are to have a decisive battle over this question. 
[Great cheers. ] I believe that never before, in any campaign, has 
this question been so fully and ably discussed in the hearing of our 
people. [Cheers. ] There can be found nowhere in this country a 
better illustration of what a great manufacturing centre will do for 
the farmer in enhancing the value of his farm and in furnishing a 
home market for his products than the city of Springfield. [Cheers. J 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 181 

Your city and county your merchants and farmers are prosper- 
ous, because you have a great body of well-paid wage-earners in 
your great shops and factories. [Cheers. ] It is the policy of the 
Republican party to multiply, all through our agricultural regions, 
such centres of manufacturing industries as Springfield. [Cheers. ] 
It is conceded that to all our working people, all those who earn 
their subsistence by toil, this campaign involves most important 
interests. I will not pursue in its details this question. You have 
heard it discussed, and most of you, perhaps all, have made up 
your conclusions. It is of such importance as, wholly without re- 
spect to the candidate who may by chance represent it, to be 
worthy of the intelligent and earnest thought and vigorous effort 
of every American citizen. [Cheers. ] Let me now only thank you 
for this most remarkable evidence of the interest of your people. 
We have rarely, if it all, seen here, in this long procession of del- 
egations, one that equalled that which I see before me now. [Great 
cheering. ] 

At the conclusion of General Harrison's speech Gen- 
eral Bushnell presented him with a highly polished horse- 
shoe, manufactured from American steel by S. B. Thomas, 
formerly an Englishman. Repeated calls for Mr. Thomas 
brought that gentleman out, and there was another pro- 
longed demonstration as General Harrison cordially 
clasped his hand and said : 

I accept with pleasure this product of the skill and industry of 
one who, out of his own experience, can speak of the benefits of a 
protective tariff. One who sought our land because it offered bet- 
ter wages and better hopes [cheers] , and who in his life here has 
been able to contrast the condition of working people in England 
and in America. [Cheers. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 25. 

DURING the campaign in Indiana several prominent 
labor representatives from the East canvassed the State in 
advocacy of a protective tariff and the Republican ticket. 
Chief among these speakers were Charles H. Litchman, of 
Massachusetts, ex-Secretary-General of the Knights of 
Labor; John J. Jarrett, Hon. Henry Hall, Eccles Robin- 



182 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

son, and Robert D. Layton, of Pennsylvania, and Jeremiah 
Murphy, of New York. These gentlemen, assisted by 
John R. Rankin, Marshall C. Woods, and other prominent 
Indiana labor leaders, signalized the conclusion of their 
campaign work by a notable workingmen's demonstra- 
tion on October 25. About 10,000 voters from over the 
State participated in the parade, led by Chief Marshal 
John R. Rankin, assisted by C. A. Rodney, George E. 
Clarke, Wm. R. Mounts, John Baker, Fred Andler, Wm. 
H. Baughmier, Geo. E. Perry, Lewis Rathbaust, J. N. 
Loop, Wm. Cook, Gustave Schneider, John W. Browning, 
A. Raphel, and Michael Bamberger. 

General Harrison, with Hon. William McKinley, Jr., 
of Ohio, Senator John C. Spooner, of Wisconsin, and Sena- 
tor Henry W. Blair, of New Hampshire, reviewed the 
column and later attended a great meeting at Tomlinson 
Hall. Many ladies occupied seats on the stage, among 
them Mrs. Harrison. W T hen General Harrison appeared, 
escorted by Secretary Litchman, the vast audience arose 
and cheered frantically for full five minutes. 

L. W. McDaniels, a prominent member of the Typo- 
graphical Union, presided, and in his address among 
other things said : 

We are here to repudiate the authority claimed by a few profes- 
sional men to speak for the wage-workers of Indiana, to deny the 
truthfulness of their statements, and to contradict the assertion 
that there is other than the kindliest feeling among the working- 
men of Indiana toward General Harrison. While General Harrison 
has never acted the blatant demagogue by making loud professions, 
yet we have had evidence of his earnest sympathy and sincere friend- 
ship on more than one occasion, notably his advocacy while in the 
Senate of the bill making arbitration the means of settlement of 
labor troubles and excluding contract labor from our shores. Also 
the bill prohibiting the use of convict labor on Government works, 
or the purchasing by the Government of any of the products of con- 
vict labor. 

As General Harrison arose to respond there was another 
prolonged outbreak ; he appeared greatly moved, and de- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 183 

livered probably his most earnest speech of the campaign. 
The demonstrations of approval were very marked, es- 
pecially as the General warmed up to his denials of mat- 
ters suggested by Chairman McDaniels' remarks. He said : 

Mr. McDaniels and my Friends I have seen, during this busy 
summer, many earnest and demonstrative assemblages of my fel- 
low-citizens. I have listened to many addresses full of the kindest 
expressions toward me personally ; but, among them all, none have 
been more grateful to me, none have more deeply touched me than 
this great assemblage of the workingmen of Indiana and these kind 
words which have been addressed to me in your behalf. ' [Great 
cheering. J There are reasons why this should be so that will read- 
ily occur to your minds, and to some cf which Mr. McDaniels has 
alluded. Early in this campaign certain people, claiming to speak 
for the laboring men, but really in the employ of the Democratic 
campaign managers, promulgated through the newspaper press and 
by campaign publications that were not given the open endorse- 
ment of the Democratic campaign managers, but were paid for by 
their funds and circulated under their auspices, a number of false 
and scandalous stories relating to my attitude toward organized 
labor. [Great and prolonged cheering. ] The purpose of all these 
stories was to poison the minds of the workingmen against the 
candidate of the party that stands in this campaign for the prin- 
ciple of protection to American labor. [Great cheering.] I have 
only once, in all the addresses I have made to my fellow-citizens, 
alluded to these malicious and scandalous stories, but, now and in 
the presence of this great gathering of workingmen, I do pronounce 
them to be utterly false. [Tumultuous cheering, waving of flags 
and banners, continued for several minutes. ] The story that I ever 
said that one dollar a day was enough for a workingmaii, with all 
its accompaniments and appendages, is not a perversion of any- 
thing I ever said it is a false creation. [Enthusiastic cheering.] 
I will not follow in detail this long catalogue of campaign slanders, 
but will only add that it is equally false that anywhere or at any 
time I ever spoke disparagingly of my fellow-citizens of Irish na- 
tivity or descent. Many of them are now enrolling themselves 
on the side of protection for American labor this created the ne- 
cessity for the story. [Cheers. ] I want to say again that those 
who pitch a campaign upon so low a level greatly underestimate 
the intelligence, the sense of decency, and the love of fair play 
of the American people. [Prolonged cheering.] I said to one 
of the first delegations that visited me that this was a contest 



184 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

of great principles ; that it would be fought out upon the high 
plains of truth, and not in the swamps of slander and defama- 
tion. [Great cheering.] Those who will encamp their army in 
the swamp will abandon the Victory to the army that is on the 
heights. [Cheers. ] The Republican party stands to-day as the 
bulwark and defence of the wage-earners of this country against a 
competition which may reduce American wages even below the 
standard they falsely impute to my suggestion. [Cheers.] 

There are two very plain facts that I have often stated and 
others more forcibly than I that it seems to me should be conclu- 
sive with the wage-earners of America. The policy of the Demo- 
cratic party the revision of our tariff laws as indicated by the 
Democratic party, a revenue-only tariff, or progressive free trade 
means a vast and sudden increase of importations. Is there a 
man here so dull as not to know that this means diminished work 
in our American shops? [Cheers and cries of "No, no!"] If some 
one says that labor is not fully employed now, do you hope it will 
be more fully employed when you have transferred one-third of the 
work done in our shops to foreign workshops? [Cries of "No, 
no !"] If some one tells me that labor is not sufficiently rewarded 
here, does he hope to have its rewards increased by striking down 
our protective duties and compelling our workmen to compete with 
the underpaid labor of Europe? [Cheers.] 

I conclude by saying that less work and lower wages are the in- 
evitable result of the triumph of the principles advocated by the 
Democratic party. [Cheers.] 

And now you will excuse further speech from me. [Cries of 
"Goon!"] There are here several distinguished advocates of Re 
publican principles. You will be permitted to hear now, I under- 
stand, from the Hon. Henry W.Blair, a Senator from the State of 
New Hampshire, who has been so long at the head of the Commit 
tee on Education and Labor in the United States Senate ; and to- 
night in this hall you will be permitted to listen to the Hon. Will- 
iam McKinley, Jr., of Ohio. Now will you allow me again to 
thank you out of a full heart for this cordial tender of your confi- 
dence and respect. I felt that in return I could not omit to say 
what I have said, not because you needed to be assured of my 
friendliness, but in recognition of a confidence that falsehood and 
slander could not shake. I have not thought it in good taste to 
make many personal references in my public addresses. If any one 
thinks it necessary that a comparison should be instituted between 
the candidates of the two great parties as to their friendliness to 
the reforms demanded by organized labor, I must leave others to 
make it. [Great cheering.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 185 



INDIANAPOLIS, OCTOBER 27. 

THE railroad men of Indiana, held their last gathering 
of the great campaign on Saturday night, October 27. 
Its estimated 7,000 voters participated in their parade 
under Chief Marshal A. E>. Shaw and Chief of Staff Geo. 
Butler. The Porter Flambeau Club, the Harrison Zou- 
aves, and 1,000 members of the Indianapolis Railroad 
Club each man carrying a colored lantern escorted the 
visiting organizations. General Harrison and the Hon. 
W. R. McKeen, of Terre Haute, reviewed the brilliant pro- 
cession from the balcony of the New-Deiiison and then 
repaired to Tomlinson Hall, where the General's arrival 
was signalized by an extraordinary demonstration. Chair- 
man Finch introduced Hon. Mathew O'Doherty, of Louis- 
ville, and A. F. Potts, of Indianapolis, who addressed the 
meeting later in the evening. 

General Harrison was the first speaker. He said : 

My Friends of the Railroad Republican Clubs Before your com- 
mittee waited upon me to request my presence here to-night I had 
resolutely determined that I would not make another address in 
this campaign. But when they presented their suggestion that I 
should meet my railroad friends, I said to them the kindness 
which has been shown to me from an early period in this cam- 
paign by the railroad men of Indiana has been so conspicuous and 
so cordial that I could not deny any request that is presented in 
their name. [Cheers.] And so I am here to-night, not to speak 
upon any political topic, but only to express, if I can find words 
to express, the deep and earnest thankfulness I feel toward you who 
have shown so much kindness and confidence in me. [Cheers.] 
Very early in this campaign there were those who sought to make 
a breach between you and me. You did not wait for my answer, 
but you made answer yourselves. [Cheers. ] And time and again 
you have witnessed your faith that my disposition toward you and 
toward the men who toil for 'their living was one of friendliness, 
and the principles which I represented and have always advocated 
were those that promoted the true interests of the workingmen of 
America. [Cheers.] I have always -believed and held that the 
prosperity of our country, that the supremacy of its institutions 



186 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

and its social order all depended upon our pursuing such a policy 
in our legislation that we should have in America a class of work- 
ingmen earning adequate wages that would bring comfort into 
their homes and maintain hope in their hearts. [Cheers. ] A de- 
spairing man, a man out of whose horizon the star of hope has 
gone, is not a safe citizen in a republic. [Cheers. ] Therefore I 
would preserve against unfriendly competition the highest possible 
scale of wages to our working people. [Great cheering. ] 

I know the stout hearts, I know the intelligence, I know the en- 
terprise of those men who man our railway trains and push them 
at lightning speed through darkness and storm. I know the skill 
and faithfulness of those who sit at the telegraph instrument, 
holding in their watchfulness the safety of those who journey. I 
know the fidelity of the men who conduct this business, which has 
grown to be a system as fine and perfect as the finest product of 
mechanical art. [Cheers.] And so I value to-night this evidence 
of your cordial respect ; and let me say that whatever may happen 
to me in the future, whether I shall remain a citizen of Indianap- 
olis to bear with you the duties and responsibilities of private citi- 
zenship, or shall be honored w r ith office, I shall never forget this 
great demonstration of your friendliness. [Prolonged cheers. ] 

General Harrison's unequalled campaign of speech-mak- 
ing closed on the afternoon of this day with a visit from 
80 young lady students of Oxford, Ohio, College. They 
were organized as the " Carrie Harrison Club of Oxford, " 
and their visit was in honor of that distinguished lady, 
who, 36 years before, as Miss Carrie Scott, graduated from 
this same institution, of which her venerable father, the 
Rev. Dr. John W. Scott, was the first President. The 
students were accompanied by President and Mrs. Faye 
Walker and Professors Wilson, Fisher, and Dean. 

Miss Nellie F. Deem, of Union City, Indiana, the young- 
est teacher in the college, addressed Mrs. Harrison on be- 
half of the school. General Harrison responded briefly in 
a happy little speech, in which he expressed the pleasure 
felt by both over the visit of the Oxford young ladies. He 
spoke of their mutual memories of the school and the happy 
days spent in its charming surroundings, and said they 
both rejoiced in the prosperity of the college, noted as it 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 187 

was for its scholarship and the Christian training of its 
pupils. In conclusion he thanked them for their visit, and 
assured them that the kind words spoken of Mrs. Harrison 
and himself were fully appreciated and would be long re- 
membered. 



INDIANAPOLIS, NOVEMBER 5. 

THE last day of the great campaign brought a delegation 
of nearly 100 ladies and gentlemen from Terre Haute, 
Indiana,, who came to deliver a handsome present of a 
miniature silver-mounted plush chair, designated the 
"Presidential Chair." They also brought Mrs. Harrison 
a valuable flower-stand, voted to her at Germania Fair as 
the most popular lady. In returning thanks for these 
gifts and their visit General Harrison said : 

Captain Ebel and Gentlemen I am very much obliged to you for 
this friendly visit. It comes in the nature of a surprise, for it was 
only a little while ago that I was advised of your intention. I 
thank you for this gift. It is intended, I suppose, as a type, and a 
type of a very useful article, one that does not come amiss in any 
station of life. Only those who for months found their only con- 
venient seat upon a log or a cracker-box know what infinite luxury 
there was in even a common Windsor chair. We are glad to wel- 
come you to our home, and will be glad to greet personally the 
members of this club and those ladies who accompany you. 

The General then, in behalf of Mrs. Harrison, thanked 
the ladies for their present to her, 



188 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



THE ELECTION, NOVEMBER, 1888. 

IT is not the purpose of this work to more than chronicle 
the result of the great presidential campaign of 1888. The 
election fell on November 6. Twenty States gave the Re- 
publican candidate 233 votes in the Electoral College, and 
18 States cast 168 votes for Mr. Cleveland, the Democratic 
candidate. The total vote cast in the 38 States, for the 7 
electoral tickets, was 11,386,632, of which General Har- 
rison received 5,440,551. The Republican electoral ticket 
was chosen in Indiana by a plurality of 2,392 votes. 

When it became evident that General Harrison had won 
the election a demonstration without parallel was inaugu- 
rated at Indianapolis and continued three days. The excit- 
ing street parades and gatherings witnessed at the time of 
his nomination were re-enacted with tenfold energy and 
enthusiasm. Delegations came from all points in the State 
to offer their congratulations, and 10,000 telegrams and 
letters from distinguished countrymen poured in upon the 
successful candidate. From an early hour on the morning 
of the 7th, for days thereafter, the streets of Indianap- 
olis were thronged with enthusiastic visitors. 

The first delegation to call upon General Harrison after 
his election came from Hendricks County, numbering 400 
veterans and others, headed by Ira J. Chase, the newly 
elected Lieutenant-Governor, Rev. J. H. Hull, and John C. 
Ochiltree. General Harrison made no formal response to 
their congratulatory address. On November 9 a delega- 
tion from the Commercial Club of Cincinnati arrived, and 
at night the saw-makers of Indianapolis about 100 in 
number bedecked in red from head to foot, marched with 
glaring torches to the residence of General Harrison, and 
after a serenade called upon him for a speech. 

Coming out on the steps the General said : 

The time for speech-making is over. The debate is closed, and I 
believe the polls are closed. ["Right you are !"] I will only thank 



HARRISONS SPEECHES. 189 

you for your call to-night and for that friendly spirit which you 
have shown to me during the campaign. 

A Famous Telegram. 

The State of New York gave Harrison (Rep. ) over 
Cleveland (Dem.) a plurality of 13,074 votes; but for Gov- 
ernor at the same election the State gave David B. Hill 
(Dem.) a plurality of 19,171 over Warner Miller (Rep.). 
These opposite results called forth the following famous 
telegram from the President-elect : 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., Nov. 9, 1888. 
To HON. WARNER MILLER, Herkimer, N. Y. : 

I am greatly grieved at your defeat. If the intrepid leader fell 
outside the breastworks, the column, inspired by his courage, went 
on to victory. BENJAMIN HARRISON. 



INDIANAPOLIS, JUNUARY 1, 1889. 

THE installation of officers by George H. Thomas Post, 
G. A. R., on the night of New Year's Day, '89, was at- 
tended by General Harrison, who for many years had been 
an active member of this post. Many comrades from other 
posts in the city were present. The President-elect was 
escorted by Col. Irvin Robbins, who was commander of the 
Democratic regiment during the recent campaign, and Col. 
George W. Spahr, who commanded a Republican regi- 
ment He was received with full honors by the retiring 
commander, James B. Black, who presented him to the 
post. 

In response to their enthusiastic greeting, General Har- 
rison speaking in public for the first time since his elec- 
tion in substance said : 

Commander and Comrades It affords me pleasure to meet with 
you again on this occasion. When I left the army so many years 
ago I little expected to enter it again, as I soon will. Among the 
many honors which may be placed on me in the future there will 
be none, I can assure you, that I will esteem more highly than my 
membership in this order, instituted by those who sustained the 



190 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

flag of Washington, the flag of Perry, the flag that was baptized in 
the blood of the Revolution and again in the second conflict with 
the mother country ; that floated over the halls of the Montezumas, 
and was sustained in other wars, and which you made possible to 
wave over every foot of our beloved country. I esteem it my great- 
est honor that I bore even an humble part with you and all the 
comrades of the Grand Army in bringing about this most desirable 
result. I wish to say before parting with you, if I may never look 
upon your faces collectively again, that the parting request I would 
make of you would be that each of you, without regard to party 
(and I believe I can say this without offence to any comrade of the 
Grand Army) , stand shoulder to shoulder, as we did during the 
war, to preserve a free and honest ballot. There is nothing, I can 
assure you, that will do more to preserve and maintain our insti- 
tutions than this. Our country, separated as it is by the great 
watery waste, need have no fear of interference by foreign coun- 
tries with its institutions ; nor do we desire in any way to inter- 
fere with them. Nor, indeed, is there any fear of another civil 
war. The only fear we should now have is a corruption or sup- 
pression of the free ballot, and your utmost exertions should be to 
prevent it. 

In concluding, he called for the choicest blessings upon 
his comrades, saying : " To each one, God bless you and 
your families; God keep you and protect you in your 
homes !" 



INDIANAPOLIS, FEBRUARY 23, 1889. 
The Departure for Washington. 

PRESIDENT-ELECT and Mrs. Harrison bade their friends 
and neighbors good-by and left Indiana on February 25 
for Washington. Governor Hovey, Mayor Denny, and 
several thousand citizens escorted them from their residence 
to the railroad station. In the escort column were 1,000 
G. A. R. veterans from Geo. H. Thomas and other posts, 
commanded by H. C. Allen. Conspicuous in their ranks 
was that distinguished soldier-diplomat, General Lew 
Wallace. The members of the Indiana Legislature saluted 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 101 

and joined the cortege as it passed through Pennsylvania 
Street. 

General Harrison's carriage was completely enclosed 
within a hollow square composed of 32 prominent citizens 
a body-guard of honor. The entire population of the city 
turned out to witness the eventful departure, while numer- 
ous delegations were present from Danville, Richmond, 
Crawfordsville, Terre Haute, and other cities. A great 
throng greeted the distinguished travellers at the Union 
Station. From the rear platform of the special inaugural 
train Governor Hovey presented the President-elect amid 
tumultuous cheering. 

General Harrison was greatly affected by the scene and 
the occasion. Speaking with emotion he said : 

My Good Friends and Neighbors I cannot trust myself to put in 
words what I feel at this time. Every kind thought that is in 
your minds and every good wish that is in your hearts for me finds 
its responsive wish and thought in my mind and heart for each 
of you. I love this city. It has been my own cherished home. 
Twice before I have left it to discharge public duties and returned 
to it with gladness, as I hope to do again. It is a city on whose 
streets the pompous displays of wealth are not seen. It is full of 
pleasant homes, and in these homes there is an unusual store of 
contentment. The memory of your favor and kindness will abide 
with me, and my strong desire to hold your respect and confidence 
will strengthen me in the discharge of my new and responsible 
duties. Let me say farewell to all my Indiana friends. For the 
public honors that have come to me I am their grateful debtor. 
They have made the debt so large that I can never discharge it. 
There is a great sense of loneliness in the discharge of high public 
duties. The moment of decision is one of isolation. But there is 
One whose help comes even into the quiet chamber of judgment, 
and to His wise and unfailing guidance will I look for direction 
and safety. My family unite with me in grateful thanks for this 
cordial good- by, and with me wish that these years of separation 
may be full of peace and happiness for each of you. [Great 
cheering. ] 



192 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

KNIGHTSTOWN, INDIANA, FEBRUARY 25. 

As the inaugural train sped along it was greeted at 
every station by thousands of cheering spectators. The 
first stop was at Knightstown, where the Soldiers' Orphans' 
Home is located. In response to their calls General Har- 
rison said: 

My Friends I thank you for this cordial gathering and demon- 
stration. I can detain the train but a moment, and I only stopped 
at the request of the Superintendent of the Soldiers' Orphans' Home, 
so that the children might have an opportunity to see me and that 
I might wish them the bright and prosperous future which the sac- 
rifices of their fathers won for them. I bid you farewell. 



RICHMOND, INDIANA, FEBRUARY 25. 

THE city of Richmond was reached at 5 o'clock in the 
afternoon, where several thousand people greeted the trav- 
ellers. General Harrison said : 

My Friends I have so long had my home among you that I can- 
not but feel a sense of regret in leaving the soil of Indiana. I go 
with a deep sense of inadequacy, but I am sure you will be patient 
with my mistakes, and that you will all give me your help as citi- 
zens [cheers and cries of "We will !"] in my efforts to promote the 
best interests of our people and the honor of the Nation we love. 
I thank you for this cordial greeting. [Cheers.] 



COLUMBUS, OHIO, FEBRUARY 25. 

AT Piqua the President-elect and his party were wel- 
comed by Ohio's chief executive, Gov. J. B. Foraker, and 
his wife; and, notwithstanding the hour, some 20, 000 peo- 
ple greeted their arrival at Columbus. The roar of cannon 
rendered speaking difficult. Governor Foraker presented 
General Harrison, who here made his last public speech 
before being inaugurated as President. He said : 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 193 

]\ly Fellow -citizens I thank you for the wonderful demonstration 
of this evening. In these evidences of the good will of my friends 
I receive a new stimulus as I enter upon the duties of the great 
office to which I have been chosen. I beg to thank you again for 
your interest. [Great cheering.] 



WASHINGTON, D.C., MARCH 4, 1889. 

GENERAL HARRISON and his family, accompanied by 
Hon. James N. Huston, Hon. W. H. H. Miller, Mr. E. W. 
Halford, Mr. E. F. Tibbott and family, Miss Sartger, and 
the representatives of the press, arrived in Washington 
on the evening of February 26. The President-elect was 
met by Col. A. T. Britton, Geo. B. Williams, Gen. H. V. 
Boynton, J. K. McCammon, Gen. Daniel Macauley, and 
other members of the Inaugural Committee, and escorted 
to the Arlington Hotel. 

The inaugural celebration was conducted by several 
hundred residents of Washington, acting through com- 
mittees. The Executive Committee, having supervising 
charge of all matters pertaining to the celebration, com- 
prised the following prominent Washingtonians : Alex. 
T. Britton, Chairman ; Myron M. Parker, Vice-Chairman ; 
Brainerd H. Warner, Treasurer; Henry L. Swords, Secre- 
tary; Elmon A. Adams, Joseph K. McCammon, James E. 
Bell, James G. Berret, Robert Boyd, Henry V. Boynton, 
Almon M. Clapp, A. H. S. Davis, Frederick Douglass, 
John Joy Edson, Lawrence Gardner, George Gibson, 
Charles C. Glover, Stilson Hutchins, E. Kurtz Johnson, 
George E. Lemon, John McElroy, Geo. A. Mcllhenny, 
Crosby S. Noyes, Albert Ordway, Charles B. Purvis, 
MelancthonL. Ruth, Thomas Somerville, Orren G. Staples, 
John W. Thompson, Henry A. Willard, George B. Will- 
iams, Louis D. Wine, Simon Wolf, Levi P. Wright, and 
Hallett Kilbourn. General James Beaver, Governor of 
Pennsylvania, was Chief Marshal of the day, and with a 

13 



194 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

brilliant staff led the great column in its march to and from 
the Capitol. The veterans of the Seventieth Indiana Regi- 
ment were accorded the post of honor on the route to the 
Capitol, and on conclusion of the ceremonies escorted their 
old commander to the White House. Chief- Justice Fuller 
administered the oath of office. 

President Harrison delivered his inaugural address from 
the terrace of the Capitol in the presence of a vast con- 
course and during a rainfall. 

THE INAUGURAL ADDRESS. 

There is no constitutional or legal requirement that the President 
shall take the oath of office in the presence of the people. But 
there is so manifest an appropriateness in the public induction to 
office of the chief executive officer of the Nation that from the be- 
ginning of the Government the people, to whose service the official 
oath consecrates the officer, have been called to witness the solemn 
ceremonial. The oath taken in the presence of the people becomes 
a mutual covenant ; the officer covenants to serve the whole body 
of the people by a faithful execution of the laws, so that they may 
be the unfailing defence and security of those who respect and ob- 
serve them, and that neither wealth and station nor the power of 
combinations shall be able to evade their just penalties or to wrest 
them from a beneficent public purpose to serve the ends of cruelty 
or selfishness. My promise is spoken ; yours unspoken, but not the 
less real and solemn. The people of every State have here their 
representatives. Surely I do not misinterpret the spirit of the oc- 
casion when I assume that the whole body of the people covenant 
with me and with each other to-day to support and defend the Con- 
stitution and the Union of the States, to yield willing obedience 
to all the laws and each to every other citizen his equal civil and 
political rights. Entering thus solemnly in covenant with each 
other, we may reverently invoke and confidently expect the favor 
and help of Almighty God, that He will give to me wisdom, 
strength, and fidelity, and to our people a spirit of fraternity and 
a love of righteousness and peace. 

This occasion derives peculiar interest from the fact that the 
presidential term which begins this clay is the twenty-sixth under 
our Constitution. The first inauguration of President Washington 
took place in New York, where Congress was then sitting, on April 
30, 1789, having been deferred by reason of delays attending the 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 195 

organization of the Congress and the canvass of the electoral vote. 
Our people have already worthily observed the centennials of the 
Declaration of Independence, of the battle of Yorktown, and of the 
adoption of the Constitution, and will shortly celebrate in New 
York the institution of the second great department of our consti- 
tutional scheme of government. When the centennial of the insti- 
tution of the judicial department by the organization of the Su- 
preme Court shall have been suitably observed, as I trust it will 
be, our Nation will have fully entered its second century. 

I will not attempt to note the marvellous and, in great part, 
happy contrasts between our country as it steps over the threshold 
into its second century of organized existence under the Constitu- 
tion, and that weak but wisely ordered young Nation that looked 
undauntedly down the first century, when all its years stretched 
out before it. 

Our people will not fail at this time to recall the incidents which 
accompanied the institution of government under the Constitution, 
or to find inspiration and guidance in the teachings and example 
of Washington and his great associates, and hope and courage in 
the contrast which thirty-eight populous and prosperous States 
offer to the thirteen States, weak in everything except courage and 
the love of liberty, that then fringed our Atlantic seaboard. 

The Territory of Dakota has now a population greater than any 
of the original States except Virginia and greater than the ag- 
gregate of five of the smaller States in 1790. The centre of popu- 
lation when our national capital was located was east of Balti- 
more, and it was argued by many well-informed persons that it 
would move eastward rather than westward. Yet in 1880 it was 
found to be near Cincinnati, and the new census, about to be taken, 
will show another stride to the westward. That which was the 
body has come to be only the rich fringe of the nation's robe. But 
our growth has not been limited to territory, population, and ag- 
gregate wealth, marvellous as it has been in each of those direc- 
tions. The masses of our people are better fed, clothed, and housed 
than their fathers were. The facilities for popular education have 
been vastly enlarged and more generally diffused. The virtues of 
courage and patriotism have given recent proof of their continued 
presence and increasing power in the hearts and over the lives of 
our people. The influences of religion have been multiplied and 
strengthened. The sweet offices of charity have greatly increased. 
The virtue of temperance is held in higher estimation. We have 
not attained an ideal condition. Not all of our people are happy 
and prosperous ; not all of them are virtuous and law-abiding. 



190 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

But, on the whole, the opportunities offered to the individual to 
secure the comforts of life are better than are found elsewhere, and 
largely better than they were here 100 years ago. 

The surrender of a large measure of sovereignty to the general 
Government, effected by the adoption of the Constitution, was not 
accomplished until the suggestions of reason were strongly re-en- 
forced by the more imperative voice of experience. The divergent 
interests of peace speedily demanded a "more perfect union." The 
merchant, the ship-master, and the manufacturer discovered and 
disclosed to our statesmen and to the people that commercial eman- 
cipation must be added to the political freedom which had been so 
bravely won. The commercial policy of the mother country had 
not relaxed any of its hard and oppressive features To hold in 
check the development of our commercial marine, to prevent or 
retard the establishment and growth of manufactures in the States, 
and so to secure the American market for their shops and the car- 
rying trade for their ships, w^as the policy of European statesmen, 
and was pursued with the most selfish vigor. Petitions poured in 
upon Congress urging the imposition of discriminating duties that 
should encourage the production of needed things at home. The 
patriotism of the people, which no longer found a field of exercise 
in war, was energetically directed to the duty of equipping the 
young republic for the defence of its independence by making its 
people self-dependent. Societies for the promotion of home manu- 
factures and for encouraging the use of domestics in the dress of 
the people were organized in many of the States. The revival at 
the end of the century of the same patriotic interest in the preser 
vation and development of domestic industries and the defence of 
our working people against injurious foreign competition is an 
incident worthy of attention. 

It is not a departure, but a return, that w r e have witnessed. The 
protective policy had then its opponents. The argument was made, 
as now, that its benefits inured to particular classes or sections. 
If the question became in any sense, or at any time, sectional, it 
was only because slavery existed in some of the States. But for 
this there was 110 reason why the cotton-producing States should 
not have led or walked abreast with the New England States in the 
production of cotton fabrics. There was this reason only why the 
States that divide with Pennsylvania the mineral treasures of the 
great southeastern and central mountain ranges should have been 
so tardy in bringing to the smelting furnace and the mill the coal 
and iron from their near opposing hillsides. Mill-fires were lighted 
at the funeral pile of slavery. The emancipation proclamation was 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 107 

heard in the depths of the earth as well as in the sky men were 
made free and material tilings became our better servants. 

The sectional element has happily been eliminated from the tariff 
discussion. We have no longer States that are necessarily only 
planting States. None are excluded from achieving that diversifi- 
cation of pursuit among the people which brings wealth and con- 
tentment. The cotton plantation will not be less valuable when 
the product is spun in the country town by operatives whose neces- 
sities call for diversified crops and create a home demand for 
garden and agricultural products. Every new mine, furnace, and 
factory is an extension of the productive capacity of the State 
more real and valuable than added territory. 

Shall the prejudices and paralysis of slavery continue to hang 
upon the skirts of progress? How long will those who rejoice that 
slavery no longer exists cherish or tolerate the incapacities it puts 
upon their communities? I look hopefully to the continuance of 
our protective system and to the consequent development of manu- 
facturing and mining enterprises in the States hitherto wholly 
given to agriculture as a potent influence in the perfect unification 
of our people. The men who have invested their capital in these 
enterprises, the farmers who have felt the benefit of their neighbor- 
hood, and the men who work in shop or field will not fail to find 
and to defend a community of interest. Is it not quite possible 
that the farmers and the promoters of the great mining and manu- 
facturing enterprises which have recently been established in the 
South may yet find that the free ballot of the workingman, with- 
out distinction of race, is needed for their defence as well as for 
his own? I no not doubt that if these men^ in the South who now 
accept the tariff views of Clay and the constitutional expositions 
of Webster would courageously avow and defend their real convic- 
tions they would not find it difficult, by friendly instruction and 
co-operation, to make the black man their efficient and safe ally, 
not only in establishing correct principles in our national Admin- 
istration, but in preserving for their local communities the benefits 
of social order and economical and honest government. At least 
until the good offices of kindness and education have been fairly 
tried the contrary conclusion cannot be plausibly urged. 

I have altogether rejected the suggestion of a special executive 
policy for any section of our country. It is the duty of the Execu- 
tive to administer and enforce in the methods and by the instru- 
mentalities pointed out and provided by the Constitution all the 
laws enacted by Congress. These laws are general, and their ad- 
ministration should be uniform and equal. As a citizen may not 



198 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

elect what laws he will obey, neither may the Executive elect 
which he will enforce. The duty to obey and execute embraces the 
Constitution in its entirety and the whole code of laws enacted 
under it. The evil example of permitting individuals, corporations, 
or communities to nullify the laws because they cross some selfish 
or local interests or prejudices is full of danger, not only to the 
Nation at large, but much more to those who use this pernicious 
expedient to escape their just obligations or to obtain an unjust ad- 
vantage over others. They will presently themselves be compelled 
to appeal to the law for protection, and those who would use the 
law as a defence must not deny that use of it to others. 

If our great corporations would more scrupulously observe their 
legal obligations and duties they would have less cause to complain 
of the unlawful limitations of their rights or of violent interference 
with their operations. The community that by concert, open or 
secret, among its citizens denies to a portion of its members their 
plain rights under the law has severed the only safe bond of social 
order and prosperity. The evil works, from a bad centre, both 
w r ays. It demoralizes those w r ho practise it, and destroys the faith 
of those who suffer by it in the efficiency of the law as a safe pro- 
tector. The man in whose breast that faith has been darkened is 
naturally the subject of dangerous and uncanny suggestions. Those 
who use unlawful methods, if moved by no higher motive than the 
selfishness that prompts them, may well stop and inquire what is 
to be the end of this. An unlawful expedient cannot become a 
permanent condition of government. If the educated and influen- 
tial classes in a community either practise or connive at the sys- 
tematic violation of laws that seem to them to cross their conven- 
ience, what can they expect when the lesson that convenience or a 
supposed class interest is a sufficient cause for lawlessness has been 
well learned by the ignorant classes? A community where law is 
the rule of conduct, and where courts, not mobs, execute its pen- 
alties, is the only attractive field for business investments and 
honest labor. 

Our naturalization laws should be so amended as to make the in- 
quiry into the character and good disposition of persons applying 
for citizenship more careful and searching Our existing laws 
have been in their administration an unimpressive and often an 
imintelligible form. We accept the man as a citizen without any 
knowledge of his fitness, and he assumes the duties of citizenship 
without any knowledge as to what they are. The privileges of 
American citizenship are so great and its duties so grave that we 
may well insist upon a good knowledge of every person applying for 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 199 

citizenship and a good knowledge by him of our institutions. We 
should not cease to be hospitable to immigration, but we should 
cease to be careless as to the character of it. There are men of all 
races, even the best, whose coining is necessarily a burden upon 
our public revenues or a threat to social order. These should be 
identified and excluded. 

We have happily maintained a policy of avoiding all interfer- 
ence with European affairs. We have been only interested specta- 
tors of their contentions in diplomacy and in war, ready to use our 
friendly offices to promote peace, but never obtruding our advice 
and never attempting unfairly to coin the distresses of other powers 
into commercial advantage to ourselves. We have a just right to 
expect that our European policy will be the American policy of 
European courts. 

It is so manifestly incompatible with those precautions for our 
peace and safety, which all the great powers habitually observe and 
enforce in matters affecting them, that a shorter water-way be- 
tween our eastern and western seaboards should be dominated by 
any European Government, that we may confidently expect that 
such a purpose will not be entertained by any friendly power. We 
shall in the future, as in the past, use every endeavor to maintain 
and enlarge our friendly relations with all the great powers, but 
they will not expect us to look kindly upon any project that would 
leave us subject to the dangers of a hostile observation or environ- 
ment. 

We have not sought to dominate or to absorb any of our weaker 
neighbors, but rather to aid and encourage them to establish free 
and stable governments, resting upon the consent of their own peo- 
ple. We have a clear right to expect, therefore, that no European 
Government will seek to establish colonial dependencies upon the 
territory of these independent American States. That which a 
sense of justice restrains us from seeking they may be reasonably 
expected willingly to forego. 

It must not be assumed, however, that our interests are so exclu- 
sively American that our entire inattention to any events that may 
transpire elsewhere can be taken for granted. Our citizens domi- 
ciled for purposes of trade in all countries and in many of the 
islands of the sea demand and will have our adequate care in their 
personal and commercial rights. The necessities of our navy re- 
quire convenient coaling stations and dock and harbor privileges. 
These and other trading privileges we will feel free to obtain only 
by means that do not in any degree partake of coercion, however 
feeble the Government from which we ask such concessions. But 



200 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

having fairly obtained them by methods and for purposes entirely 
consistent with the most friendly disposition toward all other pow- 
ers, our consent will be necessary to any modification or impair- 
ment of the concession. 

We shall neither fail to respect the flag of any friendly nation or 
the just rights of its citizens, nor to exact the like treatment for 
our own. Calmness, justice, and consideration should characterize 
our diplomacy. The offices of an intelligent diplomacy or of 
friendly arbitration, in proper cases, should be adequate to the 
peaceful adjustment of all international difficulties. By such 
methods we will make our contribution to the world's peace, which 
no nation values more highly, and avoid the opprobrium which 
must fall upon the nation that ruthlessly breaks it. 

The duty devolved by law upon the President to nominate and, 
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint all 
public officers w r hose appointment is not otherwise provided for in 
the Constitution or by act of Congress has become Very' burdensome, 
and its wise and efficient discharge full of difficulty. The civil 
list is so large that a personal knowledge of any large number of 
the applicants is impossible. The President must rely upon the 
representations of others, and these are often made inconsiderately 
and without any just sense of responsibility. 

I have a right, I think, to insist that those who volunteer or are 
invited to give advice as to appointments shall exercise considera- 
tion and fidelity. A high sense of duty and an ambition to im- 
prove the service should characterize all public officers. There are 
many ways in which the convenience and comfort of those who 
have business with our public officers may be promoted by a 
thoughtful and obliging officer, and I shall expect those whom I 
may appoint to justify their selection by a conspicuous efficiency 
in the discharge of their duties. Honorable party service will cer- 
tainly not be esteemed by me a disqualification for public office ; 
but it will in no case be allowed to serve as a shield for official 
negligence, incompetency, or delinquency. It is entirely credit- 
able to seek public office by proper methods and with proper mo- 
tives, and all applications will be treated with consideration ; but 
I shall need, and the heads of departments will need, time for in- 
quiry and deliberation. Persistent importunity will not, therefore, 
be the best support of an application for office. 

Heads of departments, bureaus, and all other public officers hav- 
ing any duty connected therewith, will be expected to enforce the 
Civil Service law fully and without evasion. Beyond this obvious 
duty I hope to do something more to advance the reform of the 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 201 

civil service. The ideal, or even my own ideal, I shall probably 
not attain. Retrospect will be a safer basis of judgment than prom- 
ises. We shall not, however, I am sure, be able to put our civil 
service upon a non-partisan basis until we have secured an incum- 
bency that fair minded men of the opposition will approve for im- 
partiality and integrity. As the number of such in the civil list 
is increased removals from office will diminish. 

While a treasury surplus is not the greatest evil, it is a serious 
evil. Our revenue should be ample to meet the ordinary annual 
demands upon our treasury, with a sufficient margin for those ex- 
traordinary but scarcely less imperative demands which arise now 
and then. Expenditure should always be made with economy, and 
only upon public necessity. Wastefulness, profligacy, or favorit- 
ism in public expenditures is criminal , but there is nothing in the 
condition of our country or of our people to suggest that anything 
presently necessary to the public prosperity, security, or honor 
should be unduly postponed. It will be the duty of Congress wisely 
to forecast and estimate these extraordinary demands, and, having 
added them to our ordinary expenditures, to so adjust our revenue 
laws that no considerable annual surplus will remain. We will 
fortunately be able to apply to the redemption of the public debt 
any small and unforeseen excess of revenue. This is better than to 
reduce our income below our necessary expenditures with the re- 
sulting choice between another change of our revenue laws and an 
increase of the public debt. It is quite possible, I am sure, to 
effect the necessary reduction in our revenues without breaking 
down our protective tariff or seriously injuring any domestic in- 
dustry. 

The construction of a sufficient number of modern war ships and 
of their necessary armament should progress as rapidly as is con- 
sistent with care and perfection in plans and workmanship. The 
spirit, courage, and skill of our naval officers and seamen have 
many times in our history given to weak ships and inefficient guns 
a rating greatly beyond that of the naval list. That they will again 
do so upon occasion I do not doubt ; but they ought not, by pre- 
meditation or neglect, to be left to the risks and exigencies of an 
unequal combat. 

We should encourage the establishment of American steamship 
lines. The exchanges of commerce demand stated, reliable, and 
rapid means of communication, and until these* are provided the 
development of our trade with the States lying south of us is im- 
possible. 

Our pension law should give more adequate and discriminating 



202 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

relief to the Union soldiers and sailors and to their widows and 
orphans Such occasions as this should remind us that we owe 
everything to their valor and sacrifice. 

It is a subject of congratulation that there is a near prospect of 
the admission into the Union of the Dakotas and Montana and 
Washington Territories. This act of justice has been unreasonably 
delayed in the case of some of them. The people who have settled 
those Territories are intelligent, enterprising, and patriotic, and 
the accession of these new States will add strength to the Nation. 
It is due to the settlers in the Territories who have availed them- 
selves of the invitations of our land laws to make homes upon the 
public domain that their titles should be speedily adjusted and 
their honest entries confirmed by patent. 

It is very gratifying to observe the general interest now being 
manifested in the reform of our election laws. Those who have 
been for years calling attention to the pressing necessity of throw- 
ing about the ballot-box and about the elector further safeguards, 
in order that our elections might not only be free and pure, but 
might clearly appear to be so, will welcome the accession of any 
who did not so soon discover the need of reform. The national 
Congress has not as yet taken control of elections in that case over 
which the Constitution gives it jurisdiction, but has accepted and 
adopted the election laws of the several States, provided penalties 
for their violation and a method of supervision. Only the ineffi- 
ciency of the State laws or an unfair partisan administration of 
them could suggest a departure from this policy. It was clearly, 
however, in the contemplation of the framers of the Constitution 
that such an exigency might arise, and provision was wisely made 
for it. No power vested in Congress or in the Executive to secure 
or perpetuate it should remain unused upon occasion. 

The people of all the Congressional districts have an equal inter- 
est that the election in each shall truly express the views and wishes 
of a majority of the qualified electors residing within it. The re- 
sults of such elections are not local, and the insistence of electors 
residing in other districts that they shall be pure and free does not 
savor at all of impertinence. Tf in any of the States the public 
security is thought to be threatened by ignorance among the elec- 
tors, the obvious remedy is education. The sympathy and help of 
our people will not be withheld from any community struggling 
with special embarrassments or difficulties connected with the suf- 
frage, if the remedies proposed proceed upon lawful lines and are 
promoted by just and honorable methods. How shall those who 
practise election frauds recover that respect for the sanctity of the 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 203 

ballot which is the first condition and obligation of good citizen- 
ship? The man who has come to regard the ballot-box as a jug- 
gler's hat has renounced his allegiance. 

Let us exalt patriotism and moderate our party contentions. Let 
those who would die for the flag on the field of battle give a better 
proof of their patriotism and a higher glory to their country by 
promoting fraternity and justice. A party success that is achieved 
by unfair methods or by practices that partake of revolution is 
hurtful and evanescent, even from a party standpoint. We should 
hold our differing opinions in mutual respect, and, having submit- 
ted them to the arbitrament of the ballot, should accept an adverse 
judgment with the same respect that we would have demanded of 
our opponents if the decision had been in our favor. 

No other people have a government more worthy of their respect 
and love, or a land so magnificent in extent, so pleasant to look 
upon, and so full of generous suggestion to enterprise and labor. 
God has placed upon our head a diadem, and has laid at our feet 
power and wealth beyond definition or calculation. But we must 
not forget that we take these gifts upon the condition that justice 
and mercy shall hold the reins of power, and that the upward ave- 
nues of hope shall be free to all the people. 

I do not mistrust the future. Dangers have been in frequent am- 
bush along our path, but we have uncovered and vanquished them 
all. Passion has swept some of our communities, but only to give 
us a new demonstration that the great body of our people are stable, 
patriotic, and law-abiding. No political party can long pursue ad- 
vantage at the expense of public honor or by rude and indecent 
methods, without protest and fatal disaffection in its own body. 
The peaceful agencies of commerce are more fully revealing the 
necessary unity of all our communities, and the increasing inter- 
course of our people is promoting mutual respect. We shall find 
unalloyed pleasure in the revelation which our next census will 
make of the swift development of the great resources of some of the 
States. Each State will bring its generous contribution to the great 
aggregate of the Nation's increase. And when the harvest from 
the fields, the cattle from the hills, and the ores of the earth shall 
have been weighed, counted, and valued, we will turn from them 
all to crown with the highest honor the State that has most pro- 
moted education, virtue, justice, and patriotism among the people. 



204 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

NEW YOEK CITY, APRIL 30, 1889. 
The Nation's Centenary. 

THE celebration, at the city of New York, of the one 
hundredth anniversary of the inauguration of George 
Washington as first President of the United States was 
more than national in its scope and influence. The people 
of the entire continent manifested a gratifying interest in 
it, and no event in our history has been commemorated 
with greater success. The occasion called together more 
than two million people within the gateways of the great 
metropolis, many of them our most distinguished and rep- 
resentative citizens. The celebration was conducted under 
the auspices of one hundred prominent citizens, organ- 
ized as a general committee, of which the Hon. Hamilton 
Fish was President; Mayor Hugh J. Grant, Chairman; 
Hon. Elbridge T. Gerry, Chairman Executive Committee ; 
and Clarence W. Bowen, Secretary. 

Early on the morning of April 29 the President, accom- 
panied by Mrs. Harrison, Mrs. J. R. McKee, Mr. and Mrs. 
Russell B. Harrison, the members of the Cabinet, Chief 
Justice and Mrs. Fuller, Justice and Mrs. Field, Justice 
Blatchford, Justice Strong, Major-General Schofield* Mr. 
Walker Blame and Miss Blaine, Col. Thos. F. Barr, Lieut. 
T. B. M. Mason and Mrs. Mason, left Washington by special 
train tendered by President Geo. R. Roberts and Vice- 
President Frank Thomson, of the Pennsylvania Company. 
The distinguished guests were escorted by the following 
members of the Centennial Committee designated for this 
honorable duty : John A. King, Chairman ; John Jay, 
Edward Cooper, Wm. H. Wickham, Wm. R. Grace, Fred- 
erick J. DePeyster, Wm. H. Robertson, Cornelius Vander- 
bilt, Wm. M. Evarts, Frank Hiscock, Seth Low, Orlando 
B. Potter, Clifford S. Sims, Jas. Duane Livingston, and 
Frank S. Witherbee. 

At Trenton the party was met by the New Jersey Cen- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 205 

tennial Committee, consisting of Governor Green, General 
Sewell, Rev. Dr. Hamill, Colonel Stockton, General Grubb, 
Colonel Donnelly, Captain Skirm, Senator Cramner, Sen- 
ator Cattell, Colonel Chambers, and others. 

Arrived at Elizabeth the President breakfasted with 
Governor Green and then held a reception, conducted by 
Col. Rob't S. Green, assisted by Col. Suydam, Chas. G. 
Parkhurst, and John L. Boggs. Following the route taken 
by Washington, President Harrison and his party em- 
barked at Elizabethport on board the U. S. S. Despatch, 
and, escorted by a magnificent fleet of war ships, merchant 
marine, and craft of all kinds, proceeded up the Kills to 
the bay amid the roar of cannon from the several forts and 
the men-of-war. 

At the gangway of the Despatch the President was re- 
ceived by Jackson S. Schultz and the following gentlemen, 
comprising the Committee on Navy: John S. Barnes, 
George G. Haven, D. Willis James, Frederick R. Coudert, 
Capt. Henry Erben, Ogden Goelet, John Jay Pierrepont, 
Loyall Farragut, Alfred C. Cheney, Buchanan Winthrop, 
and S. Nicholson Kane. Other distinguished guests on 
the Despatch were Gov. David B. Hill, Gen. William T. 
Sherman, Admiral David D. Porter, Commodore Ramsey, 
and Jas. M. Varnum. Several hundred thousand patriotic 
people greeted the Despatch as she proudly entered the 
harbor. The scene was a most memorable one. 

Following the example of Washington, President Harri- 
son was rowed ashore in a barge, landing at Pier 1C, where 
he was met by the venerable Hamilton Fish, who welcomed 
him to New York. Proceeding to the Equitable Building, 
the President was tendered a reception in the rooms of the 
Lawyers' Club, followed by a banquet under the auspices 
of the Committee on States, consisting of the following dis- 
tinguished citizens: William G. Hamilton, Chairman; 
James C. Carter, John Schuyler, J.T. Van Rensselaer, James 
W. Husted, Theo. Roosevelt, Jacob A. Cantor, E. Ellery 



206 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Anderson, Floyd Clarkson, Henry W. LeRoy, John B. 
Pine, Samuel Borrowe, and Jas. M. Montgomery. Among 
the guests other than the members of the Cabinet and the 
other prominent gentlemen who accompanied the President 
on the Despatch were ex-President R. B. Hayes and the 
Governors of thirty -five States. 

At night the President and his Cabinet attended the 
grand centennial ball at the Metropolitan Opera House, at 
which 6,000 guests were present. This brilliant entertain- 
ment, rendered memorable by the presence of so many dis- 
tinguished people, was given under the auspices of a 
committee composed of the following society leaders: 
Stuyvesant Fish, Chairman; William Waldorf Astor, 
William K. Yanderbilt, William Jay, Egerton L. Win- 
throp, Robert Goelet, Wm. B. Beekman, Stephen H. Olin, 
Wm. E. D. Stokes, and Gouverneur Morris. 

The morning of the 30th Centennial Day the 
President, members of his Cabinet, with ex- Presidents 
Cleveland and Hayes, Governor Hill, and many other 
noted guests, attended thanksgiving services at St. Paul's 
Church. The President and his family occupied the 
Washington pew. The exercises were conducted by the 
Rt. Rev. Henry C. Potter, Bishop of New York. The 
literary exercises were held on the steps of the sub-Treas- 
ury, where General Washington took his oath of office a 
hundred years before. Countless thousands surrounded the 
speaker's stand and congregated in the vicinity. Elbridge 
T. Gerry presided and introduced Rev. Richard S. Storrs, 
who delivered the invocation. Secretary Bowen read a 
poem entitled " The Vow of Washington, " composed for 
the occasion by the venerable John Greenleaf Whittier. 
Hon. Chauncey M. Depew then delivered the Centennial 
oration. On conclusion, Chairman Gerry introduced 
President Harrison, who was greeted with a grand out- 
burst as he advanced to the front. Amid repeated in- 
terruptions with cheers he spoke as follows : 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 207 

Mr. Chairman, my Countrymen Official duty of a very exacting 
character has made it quite impossible that I should deliver an ad- 
dress on this occasion. Foreseeing this, I early notified your com- 
mittee that the programme must not contain any address by me. The 
selection of Mr. Depew as the orator of this occasion makes further 
speech not only difficult, but superfluous. He has met the demand 
of this great occasion on its own high level. He has brought be- 
fore us the incidents and the lessons of the first inauguration of 
Washington. We seem to have been a part of that admiring and 
almost adoring throng that filled these streets one hundred years ago. 

We have come into the serious, but always inspiring, presence 
of Washington. He was the incarnation of duty, and he teaches 
us to-day this great lesson . That those who would associate their 
names with events that shall outlive a century can only do so by 
high consecration to duty. Self-seeking has no public observance 
or anniversary. The captain who gives to the sea his cargo of goods, 
that he may give safety and deliverance to his imperilled fellow - 
men, has fame; he who lands the cargo has only wages. Washing- 
ton seemed to come to the discharge of the duties of his high office 
impressed with a great sense" of his unfamiliarity with these new 
calls thrust upon him, modestly doubtful of his own ability, but 
trusting implicitly in the sustaining helpfulness and grace of that 
God who rules the world, presides in the councils of nations, and 
is able to supply every human defect. We have made marvellous 
progress in material things since then, but the stately and enduring 
shaft that we have erected at the national capital at Washington 
symbolizes the fact that he is still the First American Citizen. 
[Cheers. ] 

The Great Military Parade and Banquet. 

On conclusion of the ceremonies at the sub-Treasury the 
President and other honored guests of the day reviewed 
the grand military parade from a stand in Madison Square. 
Along the line of march, especially on Broadway and 
Fifth Avenue, for several miles the gorgeous pageant 
moved between two living walls. Never were so many 
people congregated on this continent. The glittering 
column, commanded by General Schofield, moved with 
continuous precision, and was five hours and twenty-five 
minutes in passing the reviewing stand. The President 



208 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

remained at his post, saluting the last company. The 
troops of the various States were led by their Governors. 

This monster military demonstration and the great in- 
dustrial parade of the day following were conducted under 
the management of a committee comprising the following 
well-known gentlemen : S. Van Rensselaer Cruger, Chair- 
man; John Cochrane, Locke W. Winchester, J. Hampden 
Robb, Frederick Gallatin, Frederick D. Tappen, and John 
C. Tomlinson. 

The President's visit concluded with his participation 
in the greatest banquet known to modern times, held at 
the Metropolitan Opera House. The lavish decorations, 
the magnitude and occasion of the entertainment have 
rendered it historical. Eight hundred guests were seated 
at the tables, while the surrounding boxes and stalls were 
overflowing with distinguished ladies eagerly partaking of 
the feast of reason. Mayor Grant presided, and intro- 
duced Governor Hill, who welcomed the guests. Ex- 
President Cleveland responded to the toast " Our People; " 
Gov. Fitzhugh Lee, of Virginia, spoke to " The States ; " 
Chief -Justice Fuller responded to " The Federal Constitu- 
tion;" Hon. John W. Daniel spoke to "The Senate;" ex- 
President Hayes to "The Presidency." Among other 
prominent guests were Vice-President Morton, General 
Sherman, Lieutenant- Governor Jones, of New York, Judge 
Charles Andrews, Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, Mayor Chapin, 
of Brooklyn, Governor Foraker, of Ohio, Abram S. Hewitt, 
Cornelius K Bliss, Fred'k S. Tallmadge, Samuel D. Bab- 
cock, Chauncey M. Depew, Erastus Wiman, Charles W. 
Dayton, Josiah M. Fisk, William Henry Smith, Thomas 
S. Moore, Henry Clews, Austin Corbin, Philip L. Living- 
ston, Bray ton Ives, Darius O. Mills, Richard T. Wilson, 
William L. Strong, Henry B. Hyde, James M. Brown, 
Louis Fitzgerald, Allan Campbell, John Sloane, James D. 
Smith, Edward V. Loew, Eugene Kelly, Walter Stanton, 
John F. Plummer, J. Edward Simmons, John Jay Kiiox, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 209 

Do Lancey Nicoll, Henry G. Marquand, Gordon L. Ford, 
Daniel Huntington, F. Hopkinson Smith, William E. 
Dodge, Chas. Parsons, A. W. Drake, Oliver H. Perry, 
Frank D. Millet, H. H. Boyesen, Charles Henry Hart, 
Rutherford Stuyvesant, John L. Cadwalader, Lispenard 
Stewart, Chas. H. Russell, Jr. , and Richard W. Gilder. 

After the Chief-Justice's address President Harrison 
was introduced and received with a storm of applause. 
He spoke to the toast " The United States of America" as 
follows : 

Mr. President and Fellow -citizens I should be unjust to myself, 
and, what is more serious, I should be unjust to you, if I did not at 
this first and last opportunity express to you the deep sense of ob- 
ligation and thankfulness which I feel for these many personal and 
official courtesies which have been extended to me since I came to 
take part in this celebration. The official representatives of the 
State of New York and of this great city have attended me with 
the most courteous kindness, omitting no attention that could make 
my stay among you pleasant and gratifying. From you and at the 
hands of those who have thronged the streets of the city to-day I 
have received the most cordial expressions of good will. I would 
not, however, have you understand that these loud acclaims have 
been in any sense appropriated as a personal tribute to myself. I 
have realized that there was that in this occasion and all these in- 
teresting incidents which have made it so profoundly impressive 
to my mind which was above and greater than any living man. I 
have realized that the tribute of cordial interest which you have 
manifested was rendered to that great office which, by the favor of 
a greater people, I now exercise, rather than to me. 

The occasion and all of its incidents will be memorable not only 
in the history of your own city, but in the history of our country. 
New York did not succeed in retaining the seat of national govern- 
ment here, although she made liberal provision for the assem- 
bling of the first Congress in the expectation that the Congress might 
find its permanent home here. But though you lost that which you 
coveted, I think the representatives here of all the States will agree 
that it was fortunate that the first inauguration of Washington 
took place in the State and the city of New York. 

For where in our country could the centennial of the event be so 
worthily celebrated as here? What seaboard offered so magnificent 
a bay on which to display our merchant and naval marine? What 



210 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

city offered thoroughfares so magnificent, />r a people so great, so 
generous, as New York has poured out to-day to celebrate that 
event ? 

I have received at the hands of the committee who have been 
charged with the details onerous, exacting, and too often unthank- 
ful of this demonstration evidence of their confidence in my phys- 
ical endurance, [Laughter.] 

I must also acknowledge still one other obligation. The commit- 
tee having in charge the exercises of this event have also given me 
another evidence of their confidence, which has been accompanied 
with some embarrassment. As I have noticed the progress of this 
banquet, it seemed to me that each of the speakers had been made 
acquainted with his theme before he took his seat at the banquet, 
and that I alone was left to make acquaintance with my theme 
w r hen I sat down to the table. I prefer to substitute for the official 
title which is upon the programme the familiar and fireside ex- 
pression, "Our Country." 

I congratulate you to-day, as one of the instructive and interest- 
ing features of this occasion, that these great thoroughfares dedi- 
cated to trade have closed their doors and covered up the insignias 
of commerce ; that your great exchanges have closed and your cit- 
izens given themselves up to the observance of the celebration in 
which we are participating. 

I believe that patriotism has been intensified in many hearts by 
what we have witnessed to-day. I believe that patriotism has been 
placed in a higher and holier fane in many hearts. The bunting 
with which you have covered your walls, these patriotic inscrip- 
tions, must go down and the wage and trade be resumed again. 
Here may I not ask you to carry those inscriptions that now liang 
on the walls into your homes, into the schools of your city, into 
all of your great institutions where children are gathered, and 
teach them that the eye of the young and the old should look upon 
that flag as one of the familiar glories of every American? Have 
we not learned that no stocks and bonds, nor land, is our country? 
It is a spiritual thought that is in our minds it is the flag and 
what it stands for ; it is the fireside and the home ; it is the 
thoughts that are in our hearts, born of the inspiration which 
comes with the story of the flag, of martyrs to liberty. It is the 
graveyard into which a common country has gathered the uncon- 
scious deeds of those who died that the thing might live which we 
love and call our country, rather than anything that can be touched 
or seen. 

Let me add a thought due to our country's future. Perhaps 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 211 

never have we been so well equipped for war upon land as now, 
and we have never seen the time when our people were more smit- 
ten with the love of peace. To elevate the morals of our people ; 
to hold up the law as that sacred thing which, like the ark of God 
of old, may not be touched by irreverent hands, but frowns upon 
any attempt to dethrone its supremacy ; to unite our people in all 
that makes home comfortable, as well as to give our energies 
in the direction of material advancement, this service may we 
render. And out of this great demonstration let us draw lessons to 
inspire us to consecrate ourselves anew to this love and service of 
our country. 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 22, 1889. 
Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument. 

A MEMORABLE event in the history of Indiana was the 
laying of the corner-stone of the Soldiers' and Sailors' 
Monument at Indianapolis on August 22, 1889. The 
Board of Commissioners for the erection of the monument 
under whose supervision the attendant exercises were con- 
ducted comprised : George J. Langsdale, of Greencastle, 
President; Geo. W. Johnston, of Indianapolis, Secretary; 
T. W. Bennett, of Richmond; S. B. Voyles, of Salem; and 
D. C. McCollum, of La Porte. 

President Harrison and his party were honored guests 
on the occasion ; he was accompanied by Secretary Jere- 
miah M. Rusk, Attorney- General W. H. H. Miller, Private 
Secretary E. W. Halford, Capt. William M. Meredith, 
Marshal Daniel M. Ransdell, and General Thomas J. 
Morgan. 

At College Corner, on the Indiana border, the President 
was met by Gov. Alvin P. Hovey, Mayor Caleb S. Denny, 
Hon. William H. English, William Scott, John P. Fren- 
zel, Robert S. McKee, J. A. Wildman, Albert Gall, Dr. 
Henry Jameson, and others, comprising an honorary escort 
committee. Governor Hovey welcomed the President to 
Indiana in a brief, cordial address, to which President 
Harrison responded: 



212 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

I thank the Governor for this larger welcome extended as Gov- 
ernor on the part of the people of the whole State. You have well 
said that the people of Indiana have been kind to me, and if, 
when my public career is ended, I can return to you the happy 
possessor of your respect and good- will, I shall not leave public 
office with regret. 

Arriving at Indianapolis on the evening of the 21st, 
the President was formally waited upon by the Monu- 
ment Commissioners and Board of Trade Reception 
Committee. General James R. Carnahan, on behalf of 
the Commissioners, and George G. Tanner, President of 
the Board of Trade, warmly welcomed him. 

To their addresses President Harrison replied : 

Gentlemen of the Committees and Friends I scarcely know how 
to convey to you my deep impressions at this cordial welcome back 
to Indianapolis. I cannot hope to do it. I have been deeply 
touched by this generous and courteous reception. It was not my 
expectation when I left Indianapolis a few months ago, under so 
serious a sense of my responsibilities, that I would return again so 
soon to my home. But this occasion was one which I could not 
well be absent from. It is one that should enlist to a degree that 
nothing else can do our patriotic interests and State pride. It is 
true, as General Carnahan has said, that I took an early interest 
in this movement. I felt that until this monument was built, 
until its top- stone was laid, and its voice had been heard by the peo- 
ple of this State in expressive speech, we had not done that for our 
soldier dead which we should, and that we had neglected those 
who died for us. I am glad, therefore, to be present and see this 
monument started. I reverently rejoice with you on this occasion, 
and hail the work which these commissioners have so wisely and 
magnificently begun. 

Among other distinguished guests participating in the 
ceremonies were Mrs. Jennie Meyerhoff, of Evansville, 
President of the Woman's Relief Corps, Department of 
Indiana; Col. George C. Harvey, of Danville, commanding 
the Sons of Veterans, Division of Indiana; Mrs. Zelda 
Seguin- Wall ace and Miss Laura McManis, Indianapolis; 
Miss Kate Hammond, Greencastle, and Rev. H. J. Talbott. 

The march to the monument was one of the most impos- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 213 

ing demonstrations ever witnessed in Indiana. Fifteen 
thousand veterans and others formed the great column, 
commanded by Chief Marshal Charles A. Zollinger, of Fort 
Wayne; Chief of Staff, Major Irvin Bobbins ; Adjutant- 
General, Major Wilbur F. Hitt, assisted by a brilliant 
staff of 60 prominent citizens. In addition to these offi- 
cers of the day was a mounted honorary staff, representing 
the thirteen Congressional districts. They were : First 
District, Gil R. Stormont, Princeton ; Second, Col. Elijah 
Cavens, Bloomfield ; Third, Capt. James B. Patton, Jef- 
fersonville; Fourth, Marine D. Tackett, Greensburg; 
Fifth, Maj. J. G. Dunbar, Greencastle; Sixth, Maj. J. F. 
Wildman, Muncie; Seventh, Capt. D. W. Hamilton, 
Indianapolis; Eighth, Capt. A. C. Ford, Terre Haute; 
Ninth, Col. R. P. DeHart, Lafayette; Tenth, Capt. M. 
L. DeMotte, Valparaiso; Eleventh, Col. C. E. Briant, 
Huntington; Twelfth, Capt. J. C. Peltier, Fort Wayne; 
Thirteenth, Gen. Reub. Williams, Warsaw. More than 
100,000 people witnessed the pageant. 

The monument is a majestic square embellished shaft of 
Indiana limestone, some 250 feet high, surmounted by a 
heroic figure of Victory, the pedestal resting upon a great 
circular stone terrace. The architects were Bruno Schmitz, 
of Berlin, and Frederick Baumann, of Chicago. The 
ceremony of laying the corner-stone was conducted by the 
following officials of the Grand Army of the Republic: 
Commander of the Department of Indiana Charles M. 
Travis, of Crawfordsville ; Senior Vice Department Com- 
mander P. D. Harris, of Shelbyville ; Junior Vice-Com- 
mander B. B. Campbell, of Anderson ; Assistant Adjutant- 
General I. N. Walker, of Indianapolis ; Officers of the Day 
Wm. H. Armstrong, of Indianapolis, and Lieut. -Gov. 
Ira J. Chase, of Danville. 

Gov. Alvin P. Hovey, as presiding officer, delivered an 
eloquent opening address, which was followed by the sing- 
ing of the hymn " Dedication, " written for the occasion by 



214 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Charles M. Walker, of Indianapolis. The speakers of the 
day were Gen. Mahlon D. Manson, of Crawfordsville, and 
Gen. John Coburn, of Indianapolis. Their masterly ora- 
tions were followed by the reading of a poem, " What Shall 
It Teach? " written by Capt. Lee O. Harris, of Greenfield. 
When Governor Hovey introduced the Chief Executive 
of the Nation the vast audience swayed with enthusiasm. 
In a voice low, and with a slight tremble in it, President 
Harrison began his fine tribute to the men who responded 
to the country's call. As he proceeded his voice rose 
higher until it rang out clear as a bugle and drew from 
the multitude repeated and vociferous cheers. He spoke 
as follows : 

Mr. President and Fellow -citizens I did not expect to make any 
address on this occasion. It would have been pleasant, if I could 
have found leisure to make suitable preparation, to have accepted 
the invitation of the committee having these exercises in charge 
to deliver an oration. I would have felt it an honor to associate 
my name with an occasion so great as this. Public duties, how- 
ever, prevented the acceptance of the invitation, and I could only 
promise to be present with you to-day. It seemed to me most ap- 
propriate that I should take part with my fellow-citizens of Indi- 
ana in this great ceremony. There have been few occasions in the 
history of our State so full of interest, so magnificent, so inspiring, 
as that which we now witness. The suggestion that a monument 
should be builded to commemorate the valor and heroism of those 
soldiers of Indiana who gave their lives for the flag attracted my 
interest from the beginning. Five years ago last January, when 
the people assembled in the opera-house yonder to unveil the statue 
which had been worthily set up to our great war Governor, I vent- 
ured to express the hope that near by it, as a twin expression of 
one great sentiment, there might be builded a noble shaft, not to 
any man, not to bear on any of its majestic faces the name of -a 
man, but a monument about which the sons of veterans, the moth- 
ers of our dead, the widows that are yet with us, might gather, 
and, pointing to the stately shaft, say: "There is his monument." 
The hope expressed that day is realized now. [Cheers. ] 

I congratulate the people of Indiana that our Legislature has 
generously met the expectations of our patriotic people. I congrat- 
ulate the commission having this great work in charge that they 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 215 

have secured a design which will not suffer under the criticism of 
the best artists of the world. I congratulate you that a monument 
so costly as to show that we value that which it commemorates, so 
artistic as to express the sentiment which evoked it, is to stand in 
the capital of Indiana. Does any one say there is wastefulness 
here? [Cries of "No, no!"] My countrymen, $200,000 has never 
passed, and never will pass, from the treasury of Indiana that will 
give a better return than the expend iture for the erection of this 
monument. As I have witnessed these ceremonies and listened to 
these patriotic hymns I have read in the faces of the men w T ho 
stand about me that lifting up of the soul, that kindling of patri- 
otic fire, that has made me realize that on such occasions the Na- 
tion is laying deep and strong its future security. 

This is a monument by Indiana to Indiana soldiers. But I beg 
you to remember that they were only soldiers of Indiana until the 
enlistment oath was taken ; that from that hour until they came 
back to the generous State that had sent them forth they were sol- 
diers of the Union. So that it seemed to me not inappropriate that 
I should bring to you to-day the sympathy and cheer of the loyal peo- 
ple of all the States. No American citizen need avoid it or pass 
it with unsympathetic eyes, for, my countrymen, it does not com- 
memorate a war of subjugation. There is not in the United States 
to-day a man who, if he realizes what has occurred since the war 
and has opened his soul to the sight of that which is to come, who 
will not feel that it is good for all our people that victory crowded 
the cause which this monument commemorates. I do seriously be- 
lieve that if we can measure among the States the benefits result- 
ing from the preservation of the Union, the rebellious States have 
the larger share. It destroyed an institution that was their de- 
struction. It opened the way for a commercial life that, if they 
will only embrace it and face the light, means to them a develop- 
ment that shall rival the best attainments of the greatest of our 
States. 

And now let me thank you for your pleasant greeting. I have 
felt lifted up by this occasion. It seems to me that our spirits 
have been borne up to meet those of the dead and glorified, and 
that from this place we shall go to our homes more resolutely set 
in our purpose as citizens to conserve the peace and welfare of our 
neighborhoods, to hold up the dignity and honor of our free insti- 
tutions, and to see that no harm shall come to our country, whether 
from internal dissensions or from the aggressions of a foreign foe. 
[Great cheering.] 



216 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

A camp-fire was held at night at Tomliiison Hall, pre- 
sided over by Charles M. Travis, Commander of Indi- 
ana G. A. R., where an audience of over 5,000 assem- 
bled. The orators of the occasion were Hon. Samuel B. 
Voyles, of Salem ; Judge Daniel Waugh, of Tipton ; Gen- 
oral Jasper Packard, of New Albany ; Col. I. N. Walker 
and Albert J. Beveridge, Indianapolis; Hon. Benj. S. 
Parker, New Castle, and Hon. Wm. R Myers, Anderson. 

President Harrison's appearance was greeted by a pro- 
longed demonstration, the audience rising with one impulse. 
Commander Travis said : " I told you I would treat you to 
a surprise. Here is your President. He needs no intro- 
duction." 

President Harrison's reply was : 

Mr. Chairman, Comrades I think I will treat you to another sur- 
prise. My Indiana friends have been so much accustomed to have 
me talk on all occasions that I am sure nothing would gratify them 
more nothing would be a greater surprise than for me to decline to 
talk to-night. I am very grateful for this expression of your inter- 
est and respect. That comradeship and good feeling which your 
cordial salutation has expressed to me I beg every comrade of the 
Grand Army here to-night to believe I feel for him. 

Now, I am sure, in view of the labors of yesterday and to-day, 
that you will allow me to wish you prosperous, happy, useful lives, 
honorable and peaceful deaths, and that those who survive you may 
point to this shaft, which is being reared yonder, as a worthy trib- 
ute of your services in defence of your country. [Cheers. ] 



INDIANAPOLIS, AUGUST 23, 1889. 
Reunion of the Seventieth Indiana. 

THE day following the ceremonies at the Soldiers' Mon- 
ument President Harrison attended the fifteenth annual 
reunion of his old regiment, the Seventieth Indiana, at 
Tomlinson Hall. Many survivors of the One Hundred and 
Second and One Hundred and Fifth Indiana, the One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-ninth Illinois, and the Seventy-ninth 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 217 

Ohio regiments were present. These regiments, with the 
Seventieth, constituted the First Brigade General Harri- 
son's command. The gathering, therefore, was alternately 
a regimental and brigade reunion. 

Col. Samuel Merrill, who delivered the annual ad- 
dress, escorted the President, and amid enthusiastic 
cheering installed him as presiding officer of the assembly. 
Other prominent members of the Seventieth present were 
Gen. Thomas J. Morgan, Capt. Win. M. Meredith, Daniel 
M. Ransdell, Moses G. McLain, Capt. H. M. Endsley, Capt. 
Win. Mitchell, and Capt. Chas. H. Cox. General Harri- 
son was unanimously re-elected President of the regimen- 
tal association ; he was also chosen first President of the 
brigade association. The other brigade officers were 
Vice-President, Gen. Daniel Dustin ; Second Vice-Presi- 
dent, Gen. A. W. Doane; Secretary, J. M. Ay ers ; Treas- 
urer, E. H. Conger. 

In the absence of Mayor Denny, City Attorney W. L. 
Taylor cordially welcomed the veterans to Indianapolis 
To this greeting the presiding officer, President Harrison, 
responded : 

Mr. Taylor The survivors of the Seventieth Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry, now assembled in annual reunion, have heard, with great 
gratification, the cordial words of welcome which you have ad- 
dressed to us. We have never doubted the hospitality of the citi- 
zens of this great city, and have several times held our reunions 
here ; and if we have more frequently sought some of the quieter 
towns in this Congressional district where the regiment was organ- 
ized it has only been because we could be a little more to our- 
selves than was possible in this city. You will not think this a 
selfish instinct when I tell you that, as the years go on, these re- 
unions of our regiment become more and more a family affair ; 
and as in the gathering of the scattered members of a family in 
the family reunion, so we have loved, when we get together as 
comrades, to be somewhat apart, that we might enjoy each other. 
It has been pleasant, I am sure, however, to link this annual re- 
union with the great event of yesterday. It did us good to meet 
with our comrades of the whole State those who had other num- 
bers on their uniforms, but carried the same flag under which we 



218 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

marched in these exercises connected with the dedication of a 
monument that knows no regimental distinction. [Applause. ] 

If those having charge now will announce some proper arrange- 
ment by which I can take by the hand the members, not only of 
the Seventieth Indiana, but any comrades of the First Brigade, 
who have done us honor by meeting with us to-day, I would be 
glad to conform to their wishes. It is perhaps possible that, with- 
out leaving the hall, simply by an exchange of seats, this may be 
accomplished, and when that is done there may yet be time before 
dinner to proceed with some other of the exercises upon the pro- 
gramme. 



CHICAGO, DECEMBER 9, 1889. 

MONDAY morning, December 9, 1889, President Harri- 
son, accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Russell B. Harrison, 
Mrs. McKee, and First Ass't Postmaster- General J. S. 
Clarkson and wife, arrived in Chicago for the purpose of 
participating in the dedication of the great Auditorium 
building, in which while in an unfinished state was held 
the convention of June, 1888, that nominated General 
Harrison for the presidency. The distinguished party 
was met by a committee comprising Mayor D. C. Cregier, 
Ferd. W. Peck, Gen. Geo. W. Crook, Hon. A. L. Seeberger, 
Col. James A. Sexton, Alexander H. Revell, Franklin S. 
Head, C. L. Hutchinson, Charles Counselman, J. J. P. 
Odell, Col. O. A. Schaffner, F. S. Bissell, and R. W. 
Dunham. 

During the morning the President and Vice-President 
Morton, under the guidance of Mr. Ferd. Peck, visited the 
Board of Trade and were tendered an enthusiastic recep- 
tion by the members of that famous exchange. Then 
followed a reception and lunch at the Union League Club, 
as the guests of Mr. Peck and President Bissell of the Club. 
Other prominent citizens present were Governor Fifer, 
Geo. M. Pullman, Marshall Field, Joseph Medill, S. M. 
Nickerson, J. R. Rumsey, N". K. Fairbank, Sam. W. Aller- 
ton, A. A. Sprague, H. H. Kohlsaat, Wm. Penn Nixon, A. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 219 

L. Patterson, Adolph Caron, C. I. Peck, A. L. Coe, John 
R. Walsh, J. W. Scott, John B. Carson, M. A. Ryerson, 
V. F. Lawson, and O. W. Meysenberg. Later in the after- 
noon the President and Mr. Morton, accompanied by 
Governor Hoard, of Wisconsin, General Alger, and Judge 
Thurston, visited the Marquette Club of which the Pres- 
ident is an honorary member and were received by Presi- 
dent Revell, Secretary Gould, H. M. Kingman, C. W. 
Gordon, and C. E. Nixon, comprising the Reception Com- 
mittee. 

The dedication of the auditorium hall in the evening 
was an event of rare interest in the history of Chicago. 
President Harrison and his party and Vice-President and 
Mrs. Morton were the honored guests of the occasion. 
Other distinguished out-of-town guests were Sir Adolph 
Caron, Hon. G. A. Kirkpatrick, C. H. Mclntosh, and Mr. 
Wells, of Canada ; Governor and Mrs. Fif er ; Governor 
and Mrs. Merriam, of Minnesota ; Governor Hoard, of 
Wisconsin; Governor and Mrs. Larrabee, of Iowa; Mrs. 
Governor Gordon; ex-Governor Morton, of Nebraska; 
General Alger, Judge and Mrs. Walter Q. Gresham ; Mr. 
and Mrs. House, of St. Louis, and Mr. and Mrs. F. J. 
Mackey, of Kansas City. 

The Auditorium the modern Parthenon typifying the 
spirit of the age, is largely the conception of Mr. Ferd. W. 
Peck, and its realization is the fruit of his zeal, supported 
and encouraged by the wealthy men of Chicago. The 
great structure, costing three and a half million dollars, 
was built by the Chicago Auditorium Association, whose 
officers at the time of completion were : Ferd. W. Peck, 
President; N. K. Fairbank, First Vice-President; John 
R. Walsh, Second Vice-President ; Charles L. Hutchinson, 
Treasurer; Charles H. Lunt, Secretary. The building was 
begun June 1, 1887 ; the laying of the corner-stone occurred 
in September that year, and was witnessed by President 
Cleveland and other distinguished visitors. It has a front- 



220 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

age of 710 feet on Congress Street, Michigan and Wabash 
avenues. The exterior material is granite and Bedford 
stone. The height of the main structure is 145 feet, or 
ten stories; height of tower above main building 95 feet, 
or eight floors ; height of lantern above main tower 30 feet, 
or two floors ; total height 270 feet one of the tallest build- 
ings in the world. The permanent seating capacity of the 
auditorium is over 4,000, but for conventions by utiliz- 
ing stage this capacity is increased to 8,000. A feature 
of the great hall is the grand organ. In addition to this 
unrivalled convention hall the colossal structure contains a 
recital hall, 136 stores and offices, a hotel with 400 guest 
rooms, and a magnificent banquet hall 175 feet long. 

The gathering at the dedicatory exercises nationalized 
the Auditorium ; 15,000 people were within its walls. The 
President and Mrs. McKee were the guests of Mr. and Mrs. 
Ferd. W. Peck. Among the several thousand prominent 
residents present were the following gentlemen and their 
families stockholders in the Auditorium Association : G. 
E. Adams, A. C. Bartlett, G. M. Bogue, C. W. Brega, J. 
W. Doane, J. B. Drake, J. K. Fisher, Carter H. Harrison, 
Charles Henrotin, O. R. Keith, G. F. Kimball, S. D. Kim- 
bark, J. T. Lester, W. L. Peck, R. W. Roloson, W. C. 
Seipp, Lazarus Silverman, Robert Warren, John Wilkin- 
son, Jr., C. S. Willoughby, C. T. Yerkes, J. McGregor 
Adams,. W. T. Baker, Gen. J. C. Black, H. Botsford, R. 
R. Cable, C. R. Cummings, J. C. Dore, G. L. Dunlap, C. 
B. Farwell, J. J. Glessner, E. G. Kieth, W. D. Kerfoot, W. 
W. Kimball, L. Z. Leiter, J. M. Loomis, A. A. Munger, N. 
B. Ream, Conrad Seipp, J. G. Shortall, W. Sooy Smith, P. 
B. Weare, Norman Williams, F. H. Winston, and J. Otto 
Young. 

The exercises opened with an address of welcome by 
Mayor Cregier, followed by a speech from Mr. Peck, Pres- 
ident of the Association, who received an ovation. Pres- 
ident Harrison's address was followed by the rendition of 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 221 

the hymn " America" by the Apollo Club of 500 trained 
voices. Hon. John S. Runnells delivered the dedicatory 
oration. Then came the real event of the day " Home, 
Sweet Home " and the " Swiss Echo Song " by the incom- 
parable songstress Adelina Patti, who shared the honors 
of the occasion with the President. The programme 
concluded with an address by Governor Fifer and the 
grand "Hallelujah" chorus from "The Messiah." 

As Mr. Peck introduced President Harrison the great 
assembly enthusiastically testified its welcome. The Pres- 
ident spoke as follows : 

Ladies and Gentlemen Some of my newspaper friends have been 
puzzling themselves in order to discover the reason why I left 
Washington to be present here to-night. I do not think I need, in 
view of the magnificent spectacle presented to us here to-night, 
to state the motives which have impelled my presence. Surely 
no loyal citizen of Chicago who sits here to-night under this witch- 
ing and magnificent scene will ask for any other reason than that 
which is here presented, [Applause. ] 

I do most heartily congratulate you upon the completion and in- 
auguration of this magnificent building without an equal in this 
country, and, so far as I know, without an equal in the world. 
[Applause.] We have here about us to-night in this grand archi- 
tecture, in this tasteful decoration, that which is an education 
and an inspiration. [Applause.] It might well tempt one whose 
surroundings were much farther removed from this scene than is 
the capital city to make a longer journey than I have done to stand 
for an hour in the view^ of such a spectacle of magnificence and 
grandeur and architectural triumph as this. [Applause.] And if 
that be true, surely there is reason enough why the President may 
turn aside for a little while from public duty to mingle with his 
fellow-citizens in celebrating an event so high and so worthy of 
commemoration as this triumph to-night. [Prolonged applause. ] 

Not speech, certainly, not the careless words of an extemporane- 
ous speech, can adequately express all the sentiments I feel in con- 
templating the fitting culmination of this deed. [Applause. ] Only 
the voice of the immortal singer can bring from these arches those 
echoes which will tell us the true purpose of their construction. 
[Applause. ] 

You will permit me, then, to thank you, to thank the Mavor of 
Chicago, to thank the President of this Association, and to thank 



222 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

all those good citizens with whom I have to-day been brought in 
personal contact, for the kindness and respect with which you and 
they have received me ; and 3*011 will permit me to thank you, my 
fellow-citizens, for the cordiality which you have kindly displayed 
here to-night. 

It is my wish, and may it be the wish of all, that this great 
building may continue to be to all your population that which it 
should be an edifice open ing its doors from night to night, calling 
your people here away from the care of business to those enjoy- 
ments, and pursuits, and entertainments which develop the souls 
of men [applause], which will have power to inspire those whose 
lives are heavy with daily toil, and in its magnificent and enchant- 
ing presence lift them for a time out of these dull things into those 
higher things where men should live. [Great applause. ] 



CLEVELAND, OHIO, MAY 30, 1890. 
Garfield Memorial Dedication. 

ON Decoration Day, 1890, President Harrison and Vice- 
President Morton, accompanied by Secretary Windom, 
Postmaster-General Wanamaker, Attorney-General Mil- 
ler, Secretary of Agriculture Rusk, and Marshal Daniel M. 
Ransdell, visited the city of Cleveland for the purpose of 
participating in the dedication of the grand mausoleum 
erected to the memory of the lamented President James 
Abram Garfield. Fifty thousand people greeted the Pres- 
ident and his party on arrival. 

The mausoleum is situated in Lake View Cemetery, over- 
looking a region closely associated with Garfield 's memory ; 
it is built of Ohio sandstone a large and imposing circular 
tojver 50 feet in diameter, rising 180 feet. At the base 
projects a square porch, decorated externally with an 
historical frieze, divided into panels containing life-size 
bas-reliefs picturing the career of Garfield as teacher, 
statesman, soldier, and President. This imposing monu- 
ment was erected under the auspices of the Garfield 
National Memorial Association, whose officers were: 
Rutherford B. Hayes, President; J. H. Wade and T. P. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 223 

Handy, Vice- Presidents ; Amos Towiisend, Secretary. 
The Trustees of the Association were: Charles Foster, 
E. B. Hayes, James G. Elaine, H. B. Payne, J. H. Wade, 
Dan'l P. Eells, J. H. Rhodes, James Barnett, John Hay, 
T. P. Handy, J. B. Parsons, William Bingham, W. S. 
Streator, and H. C. White. The memorial cost $150,000, 
of which $75,000 was contributed by citizens of Cleve- 
land ; the architect was George Keller, of Hartford, Con- 
necticut. 

More than 100,000 people witnessed the parade and the 
dedicatory ceremonies, which were conducted under the 
auspices of the Grand Commandery, Knights Templars 
of Ohio Right Eminent Henry Perkins, of Akron, Grand 
Commander; Very Eminent William B. Melish, of Cin- 
cinnati, Grand Marshal ; Eminent Sir Huntington Brown, 
of Mansfield, Generalissimo ; Eminent Sir L. F. Van Cleve, 
of Cincinnati, Grand Prelate ; Eminent Sir H. P. Mclii- 
tosh, of Cleveland, Grand Senior Warden; and Eminent 
Sir J. Burton Parsons, of Cleveland, Grand Treasurer. 
The committee to receive and entertain the guests from 
other cities comprised the following prominent residents of 
Cleveland : Hon. J. H. Wade, Dan'l P. Eells, M. A. Han- 
na, Col. William Edwards, Hon. R. C Parsons, Henry D. 
Coffinberry, Gen. M. D. Leggett, Hon. George H. Ely, 
Hon. Joseph Turney, Samuel Andrews, Hon. S. Buhrer, 
Hon. H. B. Payne, Charles F. Brush, Hon. Charles A. Otis, 
R. K. Hawley, William Chisholm, H. R. Hatch, W. J. 
McKinnie, John Tod, ,Hon. N. B. Sherwin, L. E. Holden, 
George W. Howe, Samuel L. Mather, Judge S. Burke, Col. 
John Hay, Hon. T. E. Burton, Hon. R. R. Herrick, Selah 
Chamberlain, A. Wiener, Charles Wesley, Hon. Lee Mc- 
Bride, Hon. O. J. Hodge, H. C. Ranney, G. E. Herrick, 
Hon. W. W. Armstrong, S. T. Everett, Judge J. M. Jones, 
Hon. J. H. Farley, Hon. G. W. Gardner, R. R. Rhodes, 
J. B. Zerbe, Samuel W. Sessions, Louis H. Severance, 
Hon. M. A. Foran, Hon. C B. Lock wood, Hon. William 



224 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Bingham, John F. Whitelaw, Fayette Brown, Capt. P. G. 
Watmough, E. R. Perkins, Bolivar Butts, George T. Chap- 
man, Hon. D. A. Dangler, Charles Hickox, and George 
W. Pack. Committee on Finance: John H. McBride, 
Myron T. Herrick, S. C. Ford, Joseph Turney, Charles 
L. Pack, H. S. Whittlesey, H. R. Groff, Percy' W. Rice, 
Charles H. Bulkley, Douglas Perkins, Kaufman Hays, M. 
A. Hanna, T. S. Knight, James Parmelee, I. P. Lampson, 
Samuel Mather, O. M. Stafford, C. J. Sheffield, Harvey H. 
Brown, J. K. Bole, Dan'l P. Eells, H. R. Hatch, John F. 
Pankhurst, John Tod, and George P. Welch. 

The event called together one of the most distinguished 
assemblies of the decade. Among the guests not previ- 
ously mentioned who occupied places of honor were 
Gen. William T. Sherman, " Chief- Justice Melville W. 
Fuller, Maj. -Gen. John M. Schofield, ex-Postmaster-Gen- 
eral Thomas L. James, Gov. James E. Campbell, Lieuten- 
ant-Governor Marquis, Hon. William McKinley, Jr., 
Bishop William A. Leonard, Bishop Gilmour, Col. Wm. 
Perry Fogg, and many others. Mrs. Garfield was accom- 
panied by her four sons, her daughter, and General and 
Mrs. John Newell. 

The spectacular event of the day was the grand military 
and civic parade, participated in by President Harrison 
and the other guests. Six thousand men were in line, com- 
manded by Chief Marshal Gen. James Barnett and a brill- 
iant staff. At the head of the great column marched 115 
survivors of Garfield 's old regiment the Forty-second 
Ohio led by Capt. C. E. Henry, of Dallas, Texas, the Col- 
onel, Judge Don A. Pardee, being absent. The procession 
comprised twelve divisions, commanded by the following 
marshals: Capt. J. B. Molyneaux, Gen. M. D. Leggett, 
Col. W. H. Hayward, Em. Sir M. J. Houck, Col. Louis 
Black, Col. John Dunn, Capt. E. H. Bohm, Captain 
McNiel, Capt. Louis Perczel, Col. Allen T. Brinsmade, 
Col. C. L. Alderson, and Capt. M. G. Browne. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 225 

Ex-President Hayes officiated as Chairman of the dedi- 
catory meeting at the mausoleum, and introduced Hon. 
Jacob D. Cox, of Cincinnati, who delivered the oration of 
the occasion. Many other distinguished men spoke briefly. 
When the Chairman introduced President Harrison an 
ovation was tendered him, and almost every sentence of 
his address was enthusiastically cheered. 

The President spoke with great earnestness. He said : 

Mr. Chairman and Fellow citizens I thank you most sincerely 
for this cordial greeting, but I shall not be betrayed by it into a 
lengthy speech. The selection of this day for these exercises a 
day consecrated to the memory of those who died that there might 
be one flag of honor and authority in this republic is most fitting. 
That one flag encircles us with its folds to day, the unrivalled ob- 
ject of our loyal love. 

This monument, so imposing and tasteful, fittingly typifies the 
grand and symmetrical character of him in whose honor it has 
been builded. His was "'the arduous greatness of things done." 
No friendly hands constructed and placed for his ambition a ladder 
upon which he might climb. His own brave hands framed and 
nailed the cleats upon which he climbed to the heights of public 
usefulness and fame. He never ceased to be student and instructor. 
Turning from peaceful pursuits to army service, he quickly mas- 
tered tactics and strategy, and in a brief army career taught some 
valuable lessons in military science. Turning again from the field 
to the councils of state, he stood among the great debaters that 
have made our National Congress illustrious. What he might have 
been or done as President of the United States is chiefly left to 
friendly augury, based upon a career that had no incident of fail, 
ure or inadequacy. The cruel circumstances attending his death 
had but one amelioration that space of life was given him to teach 
from his dying bed a great lesson of patience and forbearance. 
His mortal part will find honorable rest here, but the lessons of his 
life and death will continue to be instructive and inspiring inci- 
dents in American history. [Great applause.] 
15 



226 HARJRISON'S SPEECHES. 



BOSTON, AUGUST 11, 1890. 
The Guest of Massachusetts. 

MONDAY afternoon, August 11, the cruiser Baltimore, 
bearing President Harrison, Secretary Rusk, Secretary 
Noble, and a number of friends, entered Boston harbor, 
saluted by the Atlanta, the Kearsage, the Petrel, the 
Yorktown, the Dolphin, the dynamite cruiser Vesuvius, 
and the torpedo-boat dishing. The distinguished guests 
were met by the Hon. John Q. A. Brackett, Governor of 
Massachusetts ; Hon. Alanson W. Beard, Collector of the 
Port; Adj. -Gen. Samuel Dalton, Surg.-Gen. Alfred F. 
Holt, Judge Adv. Gen.,Edward O. Shepard, Col. Sidney 
M. Hedges, Col. Wm. P.'stoddard, Col. Samuel E. Wins- 
low, and Col. Edward V. Mitchell, of the Governor's mili- 
tary staff; Hon. Thomas N. Hart, Mayor of Boston; Hon. 
Geo. L. Goodale, Chairman Executive Committee National 
Encampment, G. A. R. ; Hon. John D. Long, President 
National Encampment Committee ; Hon. E. S. Converse, 
Treasurer ; and Secretary Silas A. Barton. 

Many thousand visiting veterans greeted the head of 
the Nation as he passed through the historic streets es- 
corted by the First Battalion of Cavalry. Arrived at the 
Hotel Vendome, the President and his party, as guests of 
the Commonwealth, attended a State banquet, presided 
over by Governor Brackett. There was no speech-making. 
Other distinguished guests were Vice-President Morton, 
Secretaries Proctor and Tracy, General Sherman, Admiral 
Gherardi, Gov. Leon Abbett, of New Jersey, and Lieu ten- 
ant-Governor Hale, of Massachusetts. Later in the evening 
Governor Brackett and staff escorted the President to the 
Parker House, where they participated in a reception given 
by E. W. Kinsley Post of Boston to Lafayette Post 149 of 
New York. Many veterans of national fame were present, 
among them Gen. Lucius Fairchild, Gen. Dan'l E. Sickles, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 227 

Corporal James Tanner, ex-Gov. Austin Blair, of Michi- 
gan, Commander Viele, of Lafayette Post, and the follow- 
ing prominent citizens of Massachusetts, comprising the 
Reception Committee of the National Encampment : lion. 
Henry H. Sprague, President Massachusetts Senate; Hon. 
Win. E. Barrett, Speaker Massachusetts House; Hon. 
Win. Power Wilson, Chairman Boston Aldermen ; Horace 
G. Allen, President Common Council; Hon. John F. An- 
drew, Geo. H. Innis, Charles E. Osgood, Arthur A. Fowle, 
Fred C. King, Paul H. Kendricken, J. H. O'Neil, Joel 
Goldthwaite, Hon. Charles J. Noyes, Hon. E. A. Stevens, 
Horace G. Allen, Capt. Nathan Appleton, Col. Albert 
Clarke, Chas. D. Rohan, F. C. Brownell, and A. S. Fowle, 
of Boston; Gen. A. B. R. Sprague and Col. H. E. Smith, of 
Worcester; John W. Hersey, of Springfield; John M. 
Deane, Fall River; Gen. J. W. Kimball, Fitchburg; Maj. 
Geo. S. Merrill, Lawrence; Wm. H. Lee, Greenwood; S. 
W. Benson, Charlestown ; Joseph O. Burdett, Hingham ; 
Col. Myron P. Walker, Belchertown; and Arthur A. 
Smith, of Gris wolds ville. The reception concluded with 
a banquet. Col. Charles L. Taylor acted as toastmaster 
and presented General Harrison, who received an ovation. 
In response to these cordial greetings the President said : 

Comrades I do not count it the least of those fortunate circum- 
stances which have occasionally appeared in my life that I am able 
to be here to-night to address you as comrades of the Grand Army 
of the United States. [Great applause.] It is an association great 
in its achievement and altogether worthy of perpetuation until the 
last of its members have fallen into an honorable grave. It is 
not my purpose to-night to address you in an extended speech, but 
only to say that, whether walking with you in the private pursuits 
of life, or holding a place of official responsibility, I can never, in 
either, forget those who upheld the flag of this Nation in those days 
when it was in peril. Everything that was worthy of preservation 
in our history past, everything that is glowing and glorious in the 
future, which we confront, turned upon the issue of that strife in 
which you were engaged. Will you permit me to wish for each of 
you a life full of all sweetness, and that each of you may preserve, 



228 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

uudimmed, the love for the flag which called you from your homes 
to stand under its folds amid the shock of battle and amid dying 
men. I believe there are indications to-day in this country of a 
revived love for the flag. [Applause. ] I could wish that no Amer- 
ican citizen would look upon it without saluting it, [Loud ap- 
plause. ] 



BOSTON, AUGUST 12. 
G. A. R. National Encampment. 

THE morning of August 12 the President and the sev- 
eral members of his Cabinet, with Vice-President Morton, 
Governor Brackett, Mayor Hart, General Sherman, 
Governor Dillingham and staff, of Vermont; Governor 
Davis, of Ehode Island ; Hon. William McKinley, Hon. 
Henry Cabot Lodge, Mrs. John A. Logan, Mrs. R. A. 
Alger, Mrs. McKee, Mrs. A. L. Coolidge, and Lillian 
Nordica, the prima donna, reviewed the grand parade of 
the veterans from a stand in Copley Square. As the head 
of the great column appeared, led by Commander-in-Chief 
R. A. Alger, with mounted staff and escort numbering 
600 officers, the President and his Cabinet arose and sa- 
luted the veterans. General Alger and Gen. B. F. Butler 
reviewed the column from a stand in Adams Square. The 
parade was five hours and thirty-five minutes in passing. 

In the evening the Mayor's Club of Boston tendered a ban- 
quet to President Harrison and other distinguished vis- 
itors. Mayor Fisher, of Waltham, introduced the Chief 
Executive, who said : 

Mr. Chairman I wish only to thank you for this cordial wel- 
come. Being upon my feet, I cannot refrain from expressing here 
my deep sense of gratitude for all the evidences of friendliness 
which have been shown me during my brief stay in Boston. The 
President of the United States, whosoever he may have been, from 
the first to the last, has always found in the citizenship of Massa- 
chusetts stanch supporters of the Union's Constitution. [Applause. ] 
It has never occurred that he has called upon this great common- 



HARRISONS SPEECHES. 229 

wealth for support that it has not been cordially and bravely ren 
clered. In this magnificent parade which we have seen to-day of 
the survivors of the Massachusetts regiments in the war for the 
Union, and in this magnificent parade of the Sons of Veterans, 
coming on now to take the fathers' place in civil life and to stand 
as they were in their day as bulwarks of the Nation's defence, we 
have seen a magnificent evidence of what Massachusetts has done 
in defence of the Union and of the flag, and in these young 
men sure promise of what she would do again if the exigencies 
should call upon her to give her blood in a similar cause. [Ap- 
plause. ] 

Let me again cordially thank you for your interest and friendli- 
ness and to bid you good-night, and, as I must leave you to night for 
Washington, to hope that the closing exercises of this grand and 
instructive week may be pleasant, and as the outcome of it all that 
there may be kindled in the hearts of you all, and of these com- 
rades of the Grand Army of the Republic, a newer love for the 
flag and for the Constitution, and that this may all inure to us in 
social, family, and public life. [Applause and cheers.] 

Quitting the Mayor's banquet, the President and mem- 
bers of the Cabinet, with Admiral Gherardi and staff, pro- 
ceeded to Mechanics' Hall, where a joint reception of the 
Grand Army and Woman's Relief Corps was in progress. 
At least 15,000 people greeted the arrival of the distin- 
guished visitors. On the platform with the President's 
party were Miss Florence Barker, first President Woman's 
Relief Corps; Mrs. Annie Wittenmyer, National Presi- 
dent; Miss Clara Barton, President Red Cross Associa- 
tion; Mrs. Mary E. Knowles, Massachusetts Department 
President; Mrs. Cheney, National Secretary ; Mrs. Lynch, 
National Treasurer; Mrs. Nichols, National Inspector of 
the Relief Corps; Department Commander T. S. Clarkson, 
Nebraska; Department Commander P. H. Darling, Ohio; 
Governor Brackett and Congressman McKinley. George 
H. Innis, Commander Massachusetts Department, wel- 
comed the visiting comrades. Other speakers were Gen- 
eral Sherman, Commander-in-Chief Alger, and Vice-Presi- 
dent Morton. 

General Harrison was introduced as Comrade Harrison, 



230 HARRISOX'S SPEECHES. 

President of the United States, and was greeted with 
tremendous applause. He spoke as follows : 

Mr. Chairman and Comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic 
I had impressions both pleasurable and painful as I looked upon 
the great procession of veterans which swept through the streets of 
this historic capital to-day ; pleasurable in the contemplation of 
so many faces of those who shared together the perils and glories of 
the great struggle for the Union ; sensations of a mournful sort as 
I thought how seldom we should meet again. Not may times more 
here. As I have stood in the great national cemetery at Arlington 
and have seen those silent battalions of the dead, I have thought 
how swiftly the reaper is doing his work and how soon in the 
scattered cemeteries of the land the ashes of all the soldiers of 
the great war shall be gathered to honored graves. And yet I could 
not help but feel that in the sturdy tread of those battalions there 
was yet strength of heart and limb that would not be withheld 
if a present peril should confront the Nation that you love. 
[Applause.] And if Arlington is the death, we see to-day in the 
springing step of those magnificent battalions of the Sons of 
Veterans the resurrection. [Applause. J They are coming on to 
take our places , the Nation will not be defenceless when we are 
gone, but those who have read about the firesides of the veterans' 
homes, in which they have been born and reared, the lessons 
of patriotism and the stories of heroism will come fresh armed to 
any conflict thab may confront us in the future. [Applause.] 

And so to-night we may gather from this magnificent spectacle 
a fresh and strong sense of security for the permanency of our 
country and our free institutions. I thought it altogether proper 
that I should take a brief furlough from official duties at Washing- 
ton to mingle with you here to-day as a comrade [applause], be- 
cause every President of the United States must realize that the 
strength of the Government, its defence in war, the army that is 
to muster under its banner when our Nation is assailed, is to be 
found here in the masses of our people. [Applause and cries of 
"Good!"] And so, as my furlough is almost done, and the train 
is already waiting that must bear me back to Washington, I can 
only express again the cordial, sincere, and fraternal interest which 
I feel this day in meeting you all. I can only hope that God will 
so order the years that are left to you that for you and those who 
are dear to you they may be ordered in all gentleness and sweet- 
ness, in all prosperity and success, and that, when at last the com- 
rades who survive you shall wrap the flag of the Union about your 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 231 

body and bear it to the grave, you may die in peace and iii the 
hope of a glorious resurrection ! [Applause. J 



CRESSON, PENNSYLVANIA, SEPTEMBER 13. 

NEARLY 1,000 veterans from the several G. A. R. posts 
of Altoona, Tyronne, and Holidaysburg visited Cresson on 
September 13, 1890, for the purpose of paying their respects 
to President Harrison. General Ekin and Col. Theo. 
Burchfield headed the delegation. Other prominent vet- 
erans were Post Commanders Painter, Beighel, Lewis, and 
Calvin; J. C. Walters, W. H. Fentiman, Rob't Howe, 
Maj. John R. Garden, George Kuhn, William Aiken, 
Oliver Sponsler, Wm. Guyer, Hon. J. W. Curry, Capt. 
Joseph W. Gardner, and ex-Mayor Breth, of Altoona. 
The President received the veterans at the Mountain 
House. After the reception J. D. Hicks delivered a con- 
gratulatory address on behalf of the veterans. 

General Harrison, speaking from the balcony of the 
hotel, warmly thanked his comrades for their good wishes, 
and in mentioning the events of the war referred feelingly 
to the tragic death of the great Lincoln and the memorable 
words of Garfield on that occasion. His reference to the 
Constitution-and the flag, and the love of the people for 
them, elicited a hearty response. He concluded as follows : 
"Now, my comrades, who have suffered and still suffer 
for your country, I wish in this world all good to you and 
your dear ones, and in the world to come joy everlasting. " 



OSCEOLA, PENNSYLVANIA, SEPTEMBER 20. 

DURING the stay of the President and his family at Cres- 
son Springs in September, 1890, they made an excursion 
through the celebrated Clearfield coal regions, under the 
guidance of Frank L. Sheppard, General Superintendent of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad, Geo. W. Boyd, Ass't Gen'l Pas- 



232 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

senger Agent, Gen. D. H. Hastings, and S. S. Blair. The 
party comprised the President and Mrs. Harrison, Mr. and 
Mrs. J. R. McKee, Mrs. Dimmick, and Miss Alice Sanger, 
accompanied by Hon. John Patton, of Curwensville, Mr. 
and Mrs. W. H. Dill, of Clearfield, and F. N. Barksdale. 
The first point visited was Osceola, where 5,000 people 
tendered the President a rousing reception. The Commit- 
tee of Reception were Geo. M. Brisbin, D. R. Good, R. J. 
Walker, T. C. Heims, and J. R. Paisley. The veterans 
of McLarren Post, G. A. R., acted as an escort through 
the town from one depot to the other. The President 
briefly thanked the veterans and citizens for extending 
him such a cordial reception. 



HOUTZDALE, PENNSYLVANIA, SEPTEMBER 20. 

ARRIVED at Houtzdale, about noon Saturday, the Presi- 
dent and his party were welcomed by an assemblage num- 
bering fully 10, 000. They were met at Osceola by an escort 
committee consisting of G. W. Dickey, Abe Feldman, 
Julius Viebahn, Thos. Rolands, B. W. Hess, W. E. Meek, 
W. C. Davis, W. B. Hamilton, J. V. Henderson, J. B. 
McGrath, James White, D. W. Smith, John Charlton, 
W. H. Patterson, and Thomas Byers. 

All work in the mines and stores was suspended for the 
day, and the visit of the Chief Magistrate was celebrated 
with a grand parade and demonstration directed by Chief 
Burgess John Argyle, aided by the G. A. R. veterans. 
The President was received by the following committee of 
prominent citizens: W. Irvin Shaw, Esq., of the Clear- 
field County Bar; W. C. Langsford, Alex. Monteith, John 
F. Farrell, Geo. P. Jones, Joseph Delehunt, Harry Roach, 
Ad. Hanson, S. T. Henderson, R. R. Fleming, and E. J. 
Duffy. The veterans of Wm. H. Kinkead Post acted as 
a guard of honor to the President during the parade. 

A notable incident of the demonstration was the recep- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 233 

tion by the children of the parochial school. After the 
parade the formal reception of the distinguished visitors 
took place in the presence of the great assemblage. John 
F. Farrell presided, and introduced Chairman W. I. Shaw, 
who delivered an eloquent address of welcome on behalf of 
the citizens. 

President Harrison responded as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens I beg to assure you that I very highly appre- 
ciate your cordial welcome. I did not need the assurance of him 
who has spoken in your name that we are welcome in this home 
of profit and industry. As I have passed along the streets, and as 
I now look into your eyes, I have read welcome in every face. I 
do not regard this greeting as personal. How can it be, since you 
look into my face as I into yours for the first time? I assume that 
in this demonstration you are evidencing your loyalty and fidelity 
to the Government of which we are all citizens. 

You welcome me as one who, for the time being by your choice, 
is charged with the execution of the law. It is a great thing to be 
a citizen of this country, and the privilege has its corresponding 
obligations. This Government can never be wrecked by the treason 
or fault of those who for the time are placed in public position so 
long as the people are true to the principles of the Government and 
to the flag. [Applause. ] Set your love upon the flag and that 
which it represents. Be ready, if occasion should call, to defend 
it, as my brave comrades did in the time of its greatest peril. 
Honor it in peace, cherish your loyal institutions, civil and edu- 
cational ; maintain social order in your community, let every one 
have respect for the rights #nd privileges of others while asserting 
his own. 

These are the springs of our national and social life. If these 
springs are kept pure and strong the great river they form will 
ever flow on in purity and majesty. If local interests are carefully 
preserved the general good is secured, and all our people, each in 
his own place the place where he labors, the place where he lives, 
the roof under which his family is sheltered will continue to 
enjoy the benison of liberty in the fear of God. 

To every one of you, those who come from the village shops, 
those who come from the mines and every vocation of life to join 
in this welcome, let me declare that I have no other purpose as 
President of the United States than to so administer my office as to 
promote the general good of all our people. [Great applause.] 



234 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



PHILIPSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, SEPTEMBER 20. 

OTHER points visited were Clearfield, where the veter- 
ans of Lamar Post and Colonel Barrett at the head of a com- 
mittee received the distinguished excursionists. At Cur- 
wens ville the party became the guests of A. E. Patton, 
and the President shook hands with 1,500 residents. 

Philipsburg was reached at 3 P.M. The entire popula- 
tion of the town welcomed the President. The Reception 
Committee comprised Major H. C. Warfel, Hon. Chester 
Munson, J. B. Childs, O. P. Jones, S. S. Crissman, W. 
E. Irwin, Dr. T. B. Potter, Capt, J. H. Boring, M. G. 
Lewis, Henry Lehman, H. K. Grant, Al. Jones, W. T. 
Bair, Geo. W. Wythes, A. B. Herd, John Nuttall, and 
A. J. Graham. The President and Mrs. Harrison were 
driven through the city, which was elaborately decorated. 

Returning to the station Mayor Warfel introduced the 
President, who said : 

Citizens of Philipsburg I thank you for this very cordial expres- 
sion of your esteem. You must excuse my not addressing you at 
any length because of the very limited time at our disposal. I 
again thank you. 



WESTERN TOUR, OCTOBER, 1890. 

ON the morning of October G, 1890, President Harrison 
left Washington to attend the reunion of the First Brigade, 
Twentieth Army Corps, at Galesburg, 111., and to visit 
points in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Indiana. He was 
accompanied by Secretary Tracy, Gen. Charles H. Gros- 
venor, Private Secretary Halford, Marshal Daniel M. 
Ransdell, Capt. Wm. M. Meredith, Gen. T. J. Morgan, 
and E. F. Tibbott, stenographer. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 235 



CLIFTON FORGE, VIRGINIA, OCTOBER 6. 

THE trip through Virginia was uneventful. At Staun- 
ton the President was serenaded, and among those who met 
him were ex-Congressman Desendorf, of Virignia, and 
David Stewart, of Indianapolis. Clifton Forge was reached 
at twilight, and nearly 1,000 residents heartily cheered the 
President and called for a speech. In response he said : 

My Friends I hope you will excuse me from making a speech. 
I have travelled for tho first time over the Chesapeake and Ohio 
Railroad, and I have noticed with great interest and pleasure the 
development which is being made along the road of the mineral 
resources of the State of Virginia. What I have seen moves me to 
offer my sincere congratulations on what you have already accom- 
plished, and what is surely in store for you if you but make use 
of your resources and opportunities. [Cheers. ] 



LAWRENCEBURG, INDIANA, OCTOBER 7. 

AT Cincinnati, Tuesday morning, the party was joined 
by Archibald Eaton, the President's nephew; Col. W. B. 
Shattuc, Col. John C. New, and a committee of escort 
from Lawrenceburg, comprising Gen. Thomas J. Lucas, 
Archibald Shaw, John O. Cravens, John K. Thompson, 
and Valentine J. Koehler. Near North Bend, Ohio, the 
old Harrison homestead was reached, and the train came 
to a stop just abreast the house in which Benjamin Harri- 
son was born, and but a few yards from the white shaft 
that marks the tomb of his illustrious ancestor, President 
William Henry Harrison. The occasion was not for 
words, and as the President passed to the rear platform he 
was unaccompanied by the rest of the party, who left him 
to the memories that the scenes of his childhood and 
youth called forth. 

Arrived at Lawrenceburg the President was visibly 
affected at meeting many old friends and neighbors of 



23G HAKRISOX'S SPEECHES. 

years ago. Among the leading citizens who welcomed 
him were: John Isherwood, Z. Heustes, Peter Braun, 
Dr. J. D. Gatch, Frank R. Dorman, D. W. C. Fitch, J. 
H. Burkham, W. H. Rucker, Wm. Probasco, Louis Adler, 
H. G. Kidd, John S. Dorman, John B. Gamier, A. D. 
Cook, Chas. Decker, John F. Cook, Dr. T. C. Craig, 
C. J. B. Ragin, J. E. Larimer, D. E. Sparks, and Capt. 
John Shaw; also, M. C. Garber, of Madison, Robert 
Cain, of Brookville, and Alfred Shaw, of Vevay, Ind. 

The President addressed the large assembly in a voice 
heavy with emotion. He said : 

My Friends I want to thank you very cordially for this greet- 
ing. All the scenes about here are very familiar to me. This town 
of Lawrenceburg is the first village of my childish recollections, 
and as I approached it this morning, past the earliest home of my 
recollections, the home in which my childhood and early manhood 
were spent, memories crowded in upon me that were very full of in- 
terest, very full of pleasure, and yet full of sadness. They bring back 
to me those who once made the old home very dear, the most precious 
spot on earth. I have passed with bowed head the place where they 
rest. We are here in our generation, with the work of those who have 
gone before upon us. Let us see, each of us, that in the family, in 
the neighborhood, and in the State, we do at least with equal cour- 
age, and grace, and kindness, the work which was so bravely, 
kindly, and graciously done by those who filled our places fifty years 
ago. Now, for I must hurry on, to these old friends, and to these 
new friends who have come in since Lawrenceburg was familiar 
to me, I extend again my hearty thanks for this welcome, and beg, 
in parting, to introduce the only member of my Cabinet who ac- 
companies me, General Tracy, Secretary of the Navy. 



NORTH VERNON, INDIANA, OCTOBER 7. 

AT North Vernoii, Jennings County, many old acquaint- 
ances greeted the President, among them J. C. Cope, John 
Fable, P. C. McGannon, and others. Acknowledging the 
repeated cheers of the assembly, the President said : 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 237 

My Friends I am very glad to see you, and very much obliged 
to you for your pleasurable greeting. It is always a pleasure to 
see my old Indiana friends. We have had this morning a delight- 
ful ride across the southern part of the State, one that has given 
me a great deal of refreshment and pleasure. [Cheers. ] Let me 
again assure you that I am very much obliged to you for this evi- 
dence of your friendship. I hope you will excuse me from further 
speech on this occasion. It gives me pleasure now, my fellow -citi- 
zens, to introduce to you General Tracy, of New York, the Secre- 
tary of the Navy, who accompanies me on this trip. [Cheers.] 



SEYMOUR, INDIANA, OCTOBER 7. 

AT Seymour, Jackson County, 2,000 citizens gave evi- 
dence of General Harrison's popularity in that town. 
Among the prominent residents who welcomed him were 
Hon. W. K. Marshall, Louis Schneck, Travis Carter, Ph. 
Wilhelm, W. F. Peters, J. B. Morrison, R. F. White, S. 
E. Carter, John A. Ross, John A. Weaver, L. M. Mains, 
John A. Gooclale, Theo. B. Ridlen, and V. H. Monroe. 

After he had introduced Secretary Tracy, the Presi- 
dent said : 

My Friends I feel that I ought to thank you for your friendly 
greeting this beautiful morning. It is a pleasure indeed to me to 
greet so many of you. Again I thank you for this welcome. A 
request has just been handed me that I speak a few minutes to the 
school children here assembled. I scarcely know what to say to 
them, except that I have a great interest in them, and the country 
has a great interest in them. Those who, like myself, have passed 
the meridian of life realize more than younger men that the places 
we now hold and the responsibilities we now carry in society and 
in all social and business relations must devolve upon those who 
are now in the school. Our State has magnificently provided for 
their education, so that none of them need be ignorant, and I am 
sure that in these happy homes the fathers and mothers are not 
neglecting their duties, but are instilling into these young minds 
morality and respect for the law which must crown intelligence in 
order to make them. 



238 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



SHOALS, INDIANA, OCTOBER 7. 

THE citizens of Shoals, the county seat of Martin County, 
gave the President a most cordial reception. Prominent 
among those friends who welcomed him were R. E. Hunt, 
J. A. Chenoweth, J. P. Albaugh, J. B. Freeman, J. T. 
Rogers, M. Shirey, S. P. Yeune, H. Q. Houghton, James 
Mahany, C. H. Mohr, S. 1ST. Gwin, F. J. Hasten, C. S. 
Dobbins, and 1ST. H. Mat-singer. 

Responding to their cheers and calls the President said : 

My Felloiv- citizens I am very glad to see you. My trip this 
morning is more like a holiday than I have had for a longtime. I 
am glad to see the cordiality of your welcome. It makes me feel 
that I am still held somewhat in the esteem of the people whose 
friendship I so very much covet and desire to retain. [Cheers.] 



SULLIVAN, INDIANA, OCTOBER 7. 

IT was an agreeable surprise to the President to find 
several thousand people awaiting an opportunity to greet 
him at the town of Sullivan. Of prominent townsmen 
there were present J. H. Clugage, G. W. Buff, Rob't H. 
Crowder, John T. Hays, C. P. Lacey, C. F. Briggs, O. 
H. Crowder, S. Goodman, R. B. Mason, W. A. Bell, Jo- 
seph Hayden, John H. Dickerson, and R. F. Knotts. 

In answer to repeated calls for a speech the President 
said: 

My Friends Some of you have requested that I would give you 
a little talk. The range of things that I can say on an occasion like 
this is very limited, but one thing, though it seems to involve 
repetition, I can say to you very heartily and very sincerely : I am 
very glad to again look into the faces of my Indiana friends. I 
trust I have friends that are not in Indiana, but my earliest and 
my best are here. Again I thank you. [Cheers.] 



HARBISON'S SPEECHES. 239 



TERRE HAUTE, INDIANA, OCTOBER 7. 

THE principal demonstration of the day was at Terre 
Haute, where fully 10,000 people greeted the President. 
The following Reception Committee escorted the party from 
Vincennes : Hon. W. R. McKeen, H. Hulman, Sr., Judge 

C. F. McNutt, George W. Faris, Samuel Huston, A. Herz, 
W. C. Isbell, R. A. Campbell, Dr. Rob't Van Valzah, Jacob 

D. Early, George E. Pugh, A. G. Austin, F. E. Benja- 
min, and B. G. Hudiiut. En route to the speaker's stand 
every bell and steam whistle in the city added its tribute 
to the enthusiasm of the occasion. This unique Hoosier 
welcome was arranged by D. C. Greiner. Other leading 
citizens participating prominently in the reception were : 
D. W. Minshall, N. Filbeck, Judge B. E. Rhoades, S. C. 
Beach, J. S. Tally, Senator Bischawsky, G. W. Bement, 
Jay Cummings, Geo. M. Allen, and P. S. Westfall. 

Mayor Frank C. Danaldsoii made the welcoming ad- 
dress, and concluded by introducing President Harrison, 
who said : 

Mr. Mayor, Fellow citizens of Indiana, Ladies and Gentlemen I 
very heartily appreciate this large gathering assembled to greet me. 
I very heartily appreciate the welcome which your kind and ani- 
mated faces, as well as the spoken words of the chief officer of your 
city, have extended to me. I have known this pretty city for more 
than thirty years, and have watched its progress and growth. It 
has always been the home of some of my most cherished personal 
friends, and I am glad to know that your city is in an increasing 
degree prosperous, and your people contented and happy. I am 
glad to know that the local industries which Jiave been established 
in your midst are to-day busy in producing their varied products, 
and that these find a ready market at remunerative prices. I was 
told as we approached your city that there was not an idle wheel 
in Terre Haute, It is very pleasant to know that this prosperity is 
so generally shared by all our people. Hopefulness, and cheer, and 
courage tend to bring and maintain good times. 

We differ widely in our views of public politics, but I trust 
every one of us is devoted to the flag which represents the unity 



240 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

and power of our country and to the best interests of the people, 
as we are given to see and understand those interests. [Applause. ] 
We are in the enjoyment of the most perfect system of government 
that has ever been devised for the use of men. We are under fewer 
restraints ; the individual faculties and liberties have wider range 
here than in any other land. Here a sky of hope is arched over 
the head of every ambitious, industrious, and aspiring young man. 
There are no social conditions ; there are no unneeded legal restric- 
tions. Let us continue to cherish these institutions and to main- 
tain them in their best development. Let us see that as far as our 
influence can bring it to pass they are conducted for the general 
good. [Applause.] 

It gives me pleasure to bring into your city to-day one who is the 
successor as the head of the Navy Department of that distinguished 
citizen of Indiana who is especially revered and loved by all the 
people of Terre Haute, but is also embraced in the wider love of 
all the citizens of Indiana Col. Richard W. Thompson. Let me 
present to you Gen. Benjamin F. Tracy, of New York, the Secretary 
of the Navy. [Cheers.] 



DANYILLE, ILLINOIS, OCTOBER 7. 

DANVILLE was reached at (> P.M. The roar of cannon 
sounded a hearty welcome to the Prairie State. Fully 
10,000 people were assembled around the pavilion erected 
near the station. Among the prominent residents who 
received the President on the part of the citizens were : 
Hon. Joseph G. Cannon, Mayor W. R. Lawrence, Justice 
J. W. Wilkin, of the Supreme Court of Illinois, Col. 
Samuel Stansbury, H. P. Blackburn, W. R. Jewell, M. 
J. Barger, W. C. Tuttle, Henry Brand, and Capt. J. G. 
Hull. 

Congressman Cannon introduced the President, who 
said : 

My Fellow -citizens I regret that the time of our arrival and 
the brief time we can give you should make it so inconvenient for 
you who have assembled here to greet us. Yet, though the dark- 
ness shuts out your faces, I cannot omit to acknowledge with the 
most heartfelt gratitude the enthusiastic greeting of this large as- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 241 

sembly of my fellow -citizens. It is quite worthwhile, I think, for 
those who are charged with great public affairs now and then to 
turn aside from the routine of official duties to look into the faces 
of the people. [Applause.] It is well enough that all public offi- 
cers should be reminded that under our republican institutions the 
repository of all power, the originator of all policy, is the people 
of the United States. [Great applause.] I have had the pleasure 
of visiting this rich and prosperous section of your great State 
before, and am glad to notice that, if the last year has not yielded 
an average return to your farms, already the promise of the coming 
year is seen in your well- tilled fields. Let me thank you again 
and bid you good-night. [Great applause.] 



CHAMPAIGN, ILLINOIS, OCTOBER 7. 

AT Urbana, 111., Secretary Tracy addressed several thou- 
sand residents. At Champaign the citizens were attended 
by the students of the University of Illinois, who received 
the President with their college cheer. Among the lead- 
ing citizens who participated in welcoming the Chief 
Executive were Dr. L. S. Wilcox, John W. Spalding, 
F.K. Robinson, P. W. Woody, H. H. Harris, J. L. Ray, 
T. J. Smith, H. Swannell, Ozias Riley, A. P. Cunning- 
ham, J. B. Harris, Edward Bailey, Solon Philbrick, C. 
J. Sabin, W. S. Maxwell, L. W. Faulkner, J. W. Mulli- 
ken, Judge C. B. Smith, W. P. Lockwood, W. A. Heath, 
Geo. F. Beardsley, Hon. Abel Harwood, W. H. Munhall, 
A. W. Spalding, and C. M. Sherfey. 

President Harrison said : 

My Good Friends It is very evident that there is a large repre- 
sentation here of the Greek societies. [Cheers. ] I thank you for 
this greeting. We are on our way to Galesburg to unite with my 
old comrades in arms of the First Brigade, Third Division, Twen- 
tieth Army Corps, in a reunion. I had not expected here, or at 
any other intermediate point on the journey, to make addresses, 
but I cannot fail to thank these young gentlemen from the Uni- 
versity of Illinois for the interest their presence gives to this meet- 
ing. Your professors, no doubt, give you all needed admonition 
and advice, and you will, I am sure, thank me for not adding to 
your burdens. Good -night. [Cheers.] 

13 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



PEORIA, ILLINOIS, OCTOBER 8. 

THE third day of the President's journey found him in 
Peoria, where he was warmly welcomed by Mayor Charles 
C. Clarke at the head of the following committee of prom- 
inent citizens : Alexander G. Tyng, Jr. , President Board of 
Trade; John D. Soules, President Travelling Men's Asso- 
ciation ; editor Eugene Baldwin, and Hon. Julius S. Starr. 
Miss Elsie Leslie Lyde, the child actress, on behalf of the 
citizens and the Grand Army, presented the President with 
a beautiful bouquet, which the Chief Magistrate acknowl- 
edged by kissing the little orator in the presence of the 
great assemblage. 

Mayor Clarke introduced the President, who spoke as 
follows : 

My Fellow- citizens It is not possible that I should introduce this 
morning any serious theme. I have greatly enjoyed this trip 
through my own State and yours, sisters in loyalty and sacrifice for 
the Union, sisters also in prosperity and honor. I find myself 
simply saying thank you, but with an increasing sense of the kind- 
ness of the people. If anything could add to the solemn sense of 
responsibility which my official oath places upon me, it would be 
these evidences of friendliness and confidence. The great mass of 
the people of this country are loyal, loving, dutiful citizens, ready 
to support every faithful officer in the discharge of his duties and 
to applaud every honest effort for their good. It is a source of 
great strength to know this, and this morning, not less from this 
bright sunshine and this crisp Illinois air than from these kindly 
faces, I draw an inspiration to do what I can, the very best I can, 
to promote the good of the people of the United States. I go to- 
day to meet with some comrades of your State who stood with me 
in the army of the great Union for the defence of the flag. I beg 
now to thank these comrades of Peoria and this company of Na- 
tional Guards and all these friends, and you, Mr. Mayor and gentle- 
men of the Reception Committee, for this kindly greeting, and to 
say that I have great satisfaction in knowing the people of this 
community are very prosperous. May that prosperity increase 
until every citizen, even the humblest, shares it. May peace, social 
order, and the blessing of God abide in every house is my parting 
wish for you. [Cheers ] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 243 

GALESBURG, ILLINOIS, OCTOBER 8. 
The Public Reception. 

DURING the trip from Peoria the President and Secretary 
Tracy rode a goodly portion of the distance on the locomo- 
tive with Engineer Frank Hilton, a veteran who served 
in the President's old command. Galesburg, the princi- 
pal objective point of the journey, was reached at noon on 
October 8, where 10,000 patriotic citizens greeted their ar- 
rival. Mayor Loren Stevens, at the head of the following 
committee, received and welcomed the President : Forrest 
F. Cooke, President of the Day, Judge A. A. Smith, Hon. 
H. M. Sisson, Hon. O. F. Price, Maj. H. H. Clay, Z. Beatty, 
Henry Emerich, James M. Ayres, Francis A. Free, Gersh 
Martin, F. C. Rice, C. D. Hendryx, Gen. F. C. Smith, John 
Bassett, R. W. Sweeney, Sam'l D. Harsh, Colonel Phelps, 
Hon. Philip S. Post, Rev. John Hood, Rev. G. J. Luckey, 
H. A. Drake, Matthias O'Brien, K. Johnson, C. P. Curtis, 
H. C. Miles, Capt. E. O. Atchinson, and Mr. Weeks. Fully 
2,000 veterans participated in the parade; also the local 
militia, commanded by Captain Elder and Lieutenants 
Ridgley and Tompkins ; Company D, Fifth Regiment, from 
Quincy, Capt. F. B. Nichols, Lieutenants Treet and Whip- 
pie; Company H, Sixth Regiment, Monmouth, Capt. D. 
E. Clarke, Lieutenants Shields and Turnbull ; Company 
I, Sixth Regiment, Morrison, Capt. W. F. Colebaugh, 
Lieutenants Griffin and Baker. 

Arriving at the Court-House Park, Mayor Stevens de- 
livered the address of welcome. President Harrison re- 
sponded as follows : 

Mr. Mayor and Felloiv- citizens The magnitude of this vast as- 
semblage to-day fills me with surprise and with consternation as 
I am called to make this speech to you. I came here to meet with 
the survivors of my old brigade. I came here with the expectation 
that the day would chiefly be spent in their companionship and 
in the exchange of those cordial greetings which express the fond- 
ness and love which we bear to each other ; but to my surprise I 



244 HARRISOS'S SPEECHES. 

have found that here to-day the First Brigade, for the first time 
in its history, has been captured. One or two of them I have been 
able to take by the hand, a few more of them I have seen as they 
marched by the reviewing stand, but they seemed to have been 
swallowed up in this vast concourse of their associate comrades 
and their fellow- citizens of Illinois. I hope there may yet be a 
time during the day when I shall be able to take each by the hand, 
and to assure them that in the years of separation since muster- 
out day I have borne them all sacredly in my affectionate remem- 
brance. They were a body of representative soldiers, coming from 
these great central States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, and as 
the borders of those States touch in friendly exchange, so the 
elbows of these great heroes and patriots touched in the great 
struggle for the Union. Who shall say who was chiefest? "Who 
shall assign honors where all were brave? The distinction that 
Illinois may claim in connection with this organization is that, 
given equal courage, fidelity, and loyalty to every man, Illinois 
furnished three -fifths of the brigade. But possibly I should with- 
hold here those suggestions which come to me, and which will be 
more appropriate when I meet them in a separate organization. 

I have been greatly impressed with this assemblage to-day in this 
beautiful city, in this rich and prosperous State. The thought had 
occurred to me, and the more I thought of it the more sure I was 
of the conclusion, that nowhere on the face of the earth except in 
the United States of America, under no flag that kisses any breeze, 
could such an assemblage as this have been gathered. Who are 
these? Look into these faces ; see the evidences of contentment, 
thrift, prosperity, and intelligence that wt> read in all these faces. 
They have come by general summons from all these homes, of 
village, city, and farm, and here they are to day the strength and 
rock of our security as a Nation ; the people who furnished an 
invincible army when its flag was in danger; the people upon 
whose enlightened consciences and God-fearing hearts this country 
may rest with unguarded hope. Where is the ultimate distribution 
of governmental powers? How can all the efforts of President, 
cabinet and judges, and armies, even, serve to maintain this 
country, to continue it in its great career of prosperity, if there 
were lacking this great law-abiding, liberty-loving people by whom 
they are chosen to these important offices? It is the great thought 
of our country that men shall be governed as little as possible, but 
full liberty shall be given to individual effort, and that the re- 
straints of law shall be reserved for the turbulent and disorderly. 
What is it that makes our communities peaceful? What is it that 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 245 

makes these farm-houses safe? It is not the policemen. It is not 
the soldiers. It is this great and all-pervading American senti- 
ment that exalts the la\v, that stands with threatening warning to 
the law-breaker, and, above all, that pervading thought that gives 
to every man what is his and claims only what is our own. The 
war was only fought that the law might not lose its sanction and 
its sanctity. If we had suffered that loss, dismemberment would 
have been a lesser one. But we taught those who resisted law and 
taught the world that the great sentiment of Io3 r alty to our written 
laws was so strong in this country that no associations, combina- 
tions, or conspiracies could overturn it. Our Government will 
not fail to go on in this increased career of development, in pop- 
ulation; in wealth, in intelligence, in morality, so long as we hold 
up everywhere in the local communities and in the Nation this 
great thought that eveiy man shall keep the law which secures 
him in his own rights, and shall not trample upon the rights of 
another. Let us divide upon tariff and finance, but let there never 
be a division among the American people upon this question, that 
nowhere shall the law be overturned in the interests of anybody. 
If it fails of beneficent purpose, which should be the object of all 
law, then let us modify it, but while it is a law let us insist that 
it shall be obeyed. When we turn from that and allow any other 
standard of living to be set up, where is your security, where is 
mine, when some one else makes convenience more sacred, more 
powerful than the law of the land? 

I believe to-day that the great rock of our security is this deeply 
imbedded thought in the American heart that does not, as in many 
of our Spanish- American countries, give its devotion to the man, 
but to the law, the Constitution, and to the flag. So that in that 
hour of gloom, when that richest contribution of all gems that 
Illinois has ever set in our Nation's diadem, Abraham Lincoln, 
and in that hour of the consummation of his work, dies by the 
hand of the assassin, Garfield, who was to meet a like fate, might 
say to the trembling and dismayed people " Lincoln is dead, but 
the Government at Washington still lives." 

My fellow-citizen?!, to all those who, through your Mayor, have 
extended me their greeting, to all who are here assembled, I return 
my most sincere thanks. I do not look upon such assemblages 
without profound emotion. They touch me, and I believe they 
teach me, and I am sure that the lessons are wholesome lessons 
We have had here to-day this procession of veterans, aged and 
feeble many of them. That is retrospective. That is part of tho 
great story of the past, written in glorious letters on the firmament 



24C HARRISONS SPEECHES. 

that is spread above the world. Arid in these sweet children who 
have followed we read the future. How sweet it was to see them 
bearing in their infant hands these same banners that those vet- 
erans carried amid the shot and battle and dying of men ! I had 
occasion at the centennial celebration of the inauguration of Wash- 
ington in New York, being impressed by the great display of 
national colors, to make a suggestion that the flag should be taken 
into the schoolhouses, and I ani glad to know that in that State 
there is daily a little drill of the children that pays honor to the 
flag. But, my friends, the Constitution provides that I shall 
annually give information to Congress of the state of the Union 
and make such recommendations as I may think wise, and it has 
generally been understood, I think, that this affirmative provision 
contains a negative and implies that the President is to give no 
one except Congress any information as to the state of the Union, 
and that he shall especially make no suggestions that can be m 
any shape misconstrued. 

I confess that it would give me great pleasure, if the occasion 
were proper, to give you some information as to the state of the 
Union as I see it, and to make some suggestions as to what I think 
would be wise as affecting the state of the Union. But I would 
not on an occasion like this, when I am greeted here by friends, 
fellows-citizens of all shades of thought in politics and in the 
Church, say a word that could mar the harmony of this great occa- 
sion. I trust we are all met here together to-day as loyal-loving 
American citizens, and that over all our divisions and differences 
there is this great arch of love and loyalty binding us together. 

And now you will excuse me from further speech when I have 
said again that I am profoundly grateful to the people of Galesburg 
and this vicinity, and to these, my comrades in arms, who have 
so warmly opened their arms to welcome me to-day. [Cheers.] 

Reunion First Brigade, Third Division, Twentieth Army Corps. 

In the afternoon General Harrison attended the reunion 
of the First Brigade Association, of wliich he is President. 
This brigade was the General's command in the late war, 
and comprised the Seventieth Indiana Regiment, Seventy- 
ninth Ohio, One Hundred and Second, One Hundred 
and Fifth, and One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Illinois. 
Many veterans were present from these regiments. Among 
the prominent participants were : Generals Daniel Dust-in 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 247 

and E. F. Button, Sycamore, 111. ; Gen. F. C. Smith, Gales- 
burg; Gen. A. W. Doane, Wilmington, Ohio; General 
Miles, Col. H. C. Corbin, H. H. Carr, N. E. Gray, Dr. P. 
L. McKinnie, and Colonel Sexton, Chicago ; H. H. Mc- 
Dowell, Pontiac-; Capt. Edward L. Patterson, Cleveland ; 
Capt. F. E. Scott, Brokenbow, Neb. ; Capt. J. T. Merritt, 
Aledo; Major M. G. McLain, Indianapolis; Capt. J. E. 
Huston, Clearfield, Iowa ; James M. Ayers, R. M. Smock, 
Colonel Mannon, Major Jack Burst, Wm. Eddleman, C. I). 
Braidemeyer, Capt. T. U. Scott, Capt. T. S. Rogers, C. P. 
Curtis, Captain Bodkins, and others. Congressman Thos. 
J. Henderson and many of the above-mentioned officers 
made brief speeches during the reunion. General Dust-in 
occupied the chair pending the election of officers for the 
ensuing year. General Harrison's re-election as President 
of the Association was carried amid cheers, and as he 
appeared to assume the presiding chair the veterans gave 
him a rousing reception. 

The President then addressed the brigade as follows : 

Comrades The object of my visit to Galesburg was this meeting 
which we are to have now. I should not, I think, have been per- 
suaded to make this trip except for the pleasure which I expected 
to find in meeting the men of the old brigade, from most of whom 
I have "been separated since the muster-out day. We have had a 
great demonstration, one very full of interest, on the streets and 
in the park, but I think we are drawn a little closer in this meet- 
ing and understand each other a little better than in the larger 
assemblages of which we have made a part. It is very pleasant 
for me to see so many here. I cannot recall the names of all of 
you. Time has wrought its changes upon the faces of us all. 
You recognize me because there were not so many colonels as there 
were soldiers fortunately, perhaps, for the country. [Laughter.] 
I saw you as individuals in the brigade line when it was drawn 
up either for parade or battle. It is quite natural, therefore, and 
I trust it will not be held against me, that you should have a better 
recollection of my features than I can possibly have of yours. 
And yet some of you I recall and all of you I love. [Applause. ] 
When you were associated in a brigade in 1862 we were all some- 
what new to military duties and life. The officers as well as the 



248 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

men had come together animated by a common purpose from every 
pursuit in life. We were not so early in the field as some of our 
comrades. We yield them the honor of longer service, but I think 
we may claim for ourselves that when our hands were lifted to 
take the enlistment oath there was no inducement for any man to 
go into the army under any expectation that he was entering on a 
holiday. In the early days of the war men thought or hoped it 
would be brief. They did not measure its extent or duration. 
They did not at all rightly estimate the awful sacrifices that were 
to be made before peace with honor was assured. 

I well remember an incident of the early days of volunteering at 
Indianapolis, when the first companies in response to the first call 
of President Lincoln came hurrying to the capital Among the 
first to arrive was one from Lafayette, under the command of 
Capt. Chris. Miller. They came in tumultuously and enthusiastic 
for the fight. These companies were organized into regiments, 
which one by one were sent into West Virginia or other fields of ser- 
vice. It happened that the regiment to which my friend Miller was 
assigned was the last to leave the State. I met him one day on 
the street, and a more mad and despondent soldier I never saw. 
He was not absolutely choice in the use of his language all soldiers 
were not. I think the First Brigade was an exception. [Laughter.] 
He was swearing like a pirate over the disgrace that had befallen 
him and his associates, growing out of the fact that he was abso- 
lutely certain that the war would be over before they got into the 
field, and left in camp a stranded regiment, having no part in 
putting down the rebellion. 

Well, his day came presently, and he was ordered to West Vir- 
ginia, and among the first of those who, under the fire of the enemy 
at Rich Mountain, received a bullet through his body was Capt. 
Chris. Miller. When these regiments of ours were enlisted we 
were not apprehensive that the war would be over before we had 
an adequate share of it. We were pretty certain we would all 
have enough before we were through. The clouds were dark in 
those days of '62. McClellan was shut up in the Peninsula ; Buel) 
was coming back from Alabama ; Kirby Smith was entering 
through Cumberland Gap, and everything seemed to be discourag- 
ing. I think I may claim for these men of Illinois, and these men 
of Indiana and of Ohio if some of them are here to meet with us 
to-day that w^hen they enlisted there was no other motive than 
pure, downright patriotism, and there was no misunderstanding of 
the serious import of the work on which they entered. [Applause.] 

Those early days in which we were being transformed from ci- 



HARRISONS SPEECHES. 249 

vilians into soldiers were full of trial and hardship. The officers 
were sometimes bumptious and unduly severe 1 am entering a 
plea in my own behalf iio\v. [Laughter.] The soldiers had not 
yet got to understand why a camp guard should be established, 
why they should not be at perfect liberty to go to town as they 
were when on the farm and the day's work was over. It was sup- 
posed that an army was composed of so many men, but we had 
not learned at that time that it was absolutely necessary that all 
those men should be at the same place at the same time, and that 
they could not be scattered over the neighborhood. There were a 
good may trials of that sort while the men were being made soldiers 
and the officers were learning their duties, and to know the proper 
margin between the due liberty of the individual and the necessary 
restraint of discipline. But those days were passed soon, and they 
passed the sooner when the men went into active duties. Camp 
duties were always irksome and troublesome, but when they were 
changed for the active duties of the march and field there was less 
need of restraint. 

I always noticed there was no great need of a camp guard after 
the boys had marched twenty-five miles. They did not need so 
much watching at night. Then the serious time came when sick- 
ness devastated us and disease swept its dread swath, and that 
dreadful progress of making soldiers was passed through when dis- 
eases which should have characterized childhood prostrated and 
destroyed men. Then there came out of all this, after the sifting 
out of those who were weak and incapable, of those who could not 
stand this acclimating process, that body of tough, strong men, 
ready for the march and fight, that made up the great armies 
which under Grant and Sherman and Sheridan carried the flag to 
triumph. 

The survivors of some of them are here to-day, and whatever else 
has come to us in life, whether honor or disappointment, I do not 
think there are any of us not me, I am sure who would to-day 
exchange the satisfaction, the heart comfort we have in having 
been a part of the great army that subdued the rebellion, that 
saved the country, the Constitution, and the flag. [Applause. ] If 
I were asked to exchange it for any honor that has come to me, I 
would lay down any civil office rather than surrender the satisfac- 
tion I have in having been an humble partaker with you in that 
great war. [Applause.] Who shall measure it? Well, generations 
hence, when this country, which had 30,000,000, now 64,000,000, 
has become 100,000,000, when these institutions of ours grow and 
develop and spread, and homes in which happiness and comfort 



250 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

have their abiding- place, then we may begin to realize, North 
and South, what this work was. We but imperfectly see it now, 
yet we have seen enough of the glory of the Lord to fill our souls 
full of a quiet enthusiasm. [Applause.] 

Here we are pursuing our different works in life to-day just as 
when we stood on picket or on guard, just as in the front rank of 
battle facing the foe trying to do our part for the country. I 
hope there is not a soldier here in whom the love of the flag has 
died out. I believe there is not one in whose heart it is not a 
growing passion. I think a great deal of the interest of the flag 
we see among the children is because you have taught them what 
the flag means. No one knows how beautiful it is when we see it 
displayed here on this quiet October day, amid these quiet autum- 
nal scenes, who has not seen it when there was no other beautiful 
thing to look upon. [Applause.] And in those long, tiresome 
marches, in those hours of smoke and battle and darkness, what 
was there that was beautiful except the starry banner that floated 
over us? [Applause.] 

Our country has grown and developed and increased in riches 
until it is to-day marvellous among the nations of the earth, 
sweeping from sea to sea, embracing almost every climate, touch- 
ing the tropics and the arctic, covering every form of product of 
the soil, developing in skill in the mechanical arts, developing, I 
trust and believe, not only in these material things which are 
great, but not the greatest, but developing also in those qualities 
of mind and heart, in morality, in the love of order, in sobrietj r , 
in respect for the law, in a God-fearing disposition among the 
people, in love for our country, in all these high and spiritual 
things. I believe the soldiers in their places have made a large 
contribution to all these things. 

The assembling of our great army was hardly so marvellous as 
its disbanding. In the olden time it was expected that a soldier 
would be a brawler when the campaign was over. He was too 
often a disturber. Those habits of violence which he had learned 
in the field followed him to his home. But how different it was 
in this war of ours. The army sprang into life as if by magic, on 
the call of the martyred President Illinois' greatest gift, as I have 
said, to the Nation. They fought through the war, and they came 
out of it without demoralization. They returned to the very pur- 
suits from which they had come. It seemed to one that it was like 
the wrapping of snow which nature sometimes puts over the earth 
in the winter season to protect and keep warm the vegetation 
which is hidden under it, and which under the warm days of 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 251 

spring melts and disappears, and settles into the earth to clothe it 
with verdure and beauty and harvest. [Great cheering.] 

Alumni Hall, Knox College. 

After the public reception was concluded the President 
and party participated in the laying of the corner-stone of 
the Alumni Hall on the campus of Knox College. Dr. 
Newton Batemaii, president of the college, conducted the 
exercises. Prof. Milton L. Comstock read a brief history 
of Knox College, at the conclusion of which Dr. Adams 
introduced President Harrison, who spoke as follows : 

My Fellow-citizens Speaking this morning in the open air, 
which since my official isolation from, campaigning has made my 
voice unaccustomed to it, will make it impossible for me to speak 
further at this time. I do not deem this ceremony at all out of 
accord with the patriotic impulses which have stirred our hearts 
to-day. Education was early in the thought of the framers of our 
Constitution as one of the best, if not the only guarantee of their per- 
petuation. Washington, as well as the founders of the venerable 
and useful institution, appreciated and expressed his interest in 
the establishment of institutions of learning. How shall one be a 
safe citizen when citizens are rulers who are not intelligent? How 
shall he understand those great questions which his suffrage must 
adjudge without thorough intellectual culture in his youth ? We are 
here, then, to-day engaged in a patriotic work as we lay this 
corner-stone of an institution that has had a great career of use- 
fulness in the past and is now entering upon a field of enlarged 
usefulness. We lay this corner-stone and rededicate this institu- 
tion to truth, purity, loyalty, and a love of God. 

Phi Delta Tlieta Banquet. 

In the evening the President attended a banquet tendered 
him by Lombard and Knox chapters of Phi Delta Theta, 
of which college fraternity General Harrison was a mem- 
ber in his student days. At the President's table sat 
Toastmaster Lester L. Silliman, of Lombard Chapter, with 
General Miles, Generals Grosvenor, Morgan, and Post, 
Mayor Stevens, Dr. Ayres, and Rev. Dr. Hood. Brother 
Geo. W. Prince delivered the welcoming address on behalf 



252 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

of the local chapters, to which the distinguished Phi broth- 
er, President Harrison, arising amid great applause, re- 
sponded. After a few pleasant remarks regarding his 
recollections of college life and his pleasure at meeting 
again with the members of the Phi Delta Theta, he said : 

My college associations were broken early in life, partly by ne- 
cessity and partly by choice ; by necessity so far as the compulsion 
to work for a living was upon me, and by choice in that I added to 
my responsibility at an early date, so that it has not been my 
pleasure often to meet with or sit about the banquet board with 
members of this society. It gives me pleasure to meet with you 
to-night. I feel the greatest sympathy with these young men who 
are now disciplining their minds for the work of life. I would not 
have them make these days too serious, and yet they are very full 
of portent and promise. It is not inconsistent, I think, w r ith the 
joyfulness and gladness which pertains to youth that they shall have 
some sense of the value of these golden days. They are days that 
are to affect the w r hole future. If I were to select a watchword 
that I would have every young man write above his door and on 
his heart, it would be that good word "Fidelity " I know of no 
better. The man who meets every obligation to the family, to 
society, to the State, to his country, and his God, to the very best 
measure of his strength and ability, cannot fail of that assurance 
and quietness that comes of a good conscience, and w^ill seldom fail 
of the approval of his fellow-men, and will never fail of the reward 
which is promised to faithfulness. Unfaithfulness and lack of 
fidelity to duty, to work, and to obligation is the open door to all 
that is disgraceful and degrading. 

I want to thank you again, gentlemen, for this pleasant greeting, 
and to ask you, after the rather exhaustive duties of this day, to 
excuse me from further address and accept the best wishes of a 
brother in the Phi Delta Theta organization. [Cheers. ] 

TJie Brigade Banquet. 

Later in the evening the President and party attended a 
banquet given by the citizens in honor of the First Brigade. 
It was a brilliant affair, conducted by the ladies of the 
city, active among whom were Mrs. Geo. Lescher, Miss 
Tillie Weeks, Miss Maude Stewart, Miss Winnie Hoover, 
and Mrs. Whiffen. Mrs. George Gale had charge of tho 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 253 

table of honor, assisted by Mrs. Otto M. Smith and Miss 
Louise Try on. Gen. Philip S. Post was Master of Cere- 
monies and presented General Harrison. 

The President prologued his parting words with an in- 
cident of a visit he made to a small town down the Poto- 
mac. Although he was introduced as President all over 
the town, no special attention was paid to him, and when 
the local paper came out with a column and a half report 
of the visit of the Chief Executive, the good people of the 
town were astonished, but explained their lack of attention 
by saying they thought Mr. Harrison was president of some 
fishing club. Aside from jokes, said the President : 

One serious word in leaving. This day in Galesburg I shall long 
remember. The enthusiasm and the cordiality of the citizens, the 
delicacy and kindness of their attention, have impressed me deeply. 
I shall ever gratefully recollect Galesburg as a spot of especial 
interest, as the place of the meeting of the old brigade. Comrades, 
I hope to meet you again when my time is more my own, and on 
several occasions like this to speak to you more familiarly, and to 
recall this time. I have tried not to be stinted in my intercourse 
with you, for I have wanted you to feel me warm and sincere. I 
have expressed myself, but not as freely as I would if by ourselves, 
or if I were but a private citizen or member of the brigade. But 
I would say to you and all your families, to the wives that sit 
here, to the wives and children that are at home, to those who 
have gone out from your roof -tree to prepare homes, to your grand- 
children and I hope all of you have them to one and all, I 
extend the hearty sympathy and best wishes of the " old-timer" 
you served so faithfully. 



OTTUMWA, IOWA, OCTOBER 9. 

THE President's party left Galesburg the night of the 
8th, arriving at Burlington at 10 o'clock, where about 
8,000 people greeted them. The President was escorted to 
the Commercial Club rooms, where Mayor Duncan, on 
behalf of the city of Burlington, and P. M. Crapo, president 
of the club, made addresses of welcome. A reception of 



254 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

one hour's duration followed, during which President 
Harrison shook hands with 3,000 callers. Ottumwa was 
reached at 8 o'clock Thursday morning. A committee of 
citizens, headed by Hon. J. G. Hutchison, met the Presi- 
dent at Galesburg. On arrival the President and his 
brother, John Scott Harrison, were immediately driven to 
the residence of their sister, Mrs. T. J. Devin, where they 
passed the morning. 

At the Coal Palace the President and Secretary Tracy 
were met by Gov. Horace Boies and his staff, headed by 
Adjt.-Gen Greene; also Senator Wm. B. Allison, Sena- 
tor James F. Wilson, ex-Senator Harlan, Hon. John F. 
Lacey, and the f oh 1 owing Committee of Reception, repre- 
senting the city of Ottumwa : T. J. Devin, W. T. Harper, J. 
E. Hawkins, W. B. Smith, Henry Phillips, Sam'l A. Fla- 
ger, J. C. Manchester, A. W.Johnson, W. T. Fenton, J. G. 
Meek, Calvin Manning, Geo. Withall, J. W. Garner, J. J. 
Smith, W. W. Epps, H. B. Hendershott, J. H. Merrill, W. 
B. Bonnifield, A. H. Hamilton, C. F. Blake, John C. 
Fisher, Hon. John N". Irwin, J. T. Hackworth, W. C. 
Wyman, John C. Jordan, A. G. Harrow, Allen Johnston, 
T. D. Foster, J. W. Edgerly, A. W. Lee, William Daggett, 
G. H. Sheffer, W. D. Elliott, Charles Bachman, H. A. 
Zangs, R. H. Moore, Capt. S. B. Evans, Capt. S. H. Harper, 
H. W. Merrill, J. R. Burgess, J. B. Mowrey, A. C. Leigh- 
ton, W. S. Cripps, R. L. Tilton, Dr. L. J. Baker, D. A. 
Emery, Samuel Mahon, W. S. Coen, O. C. Graves, Thomas 
Swords, and John F. Henry. Other cities in Iowa were 
represented on the Reception Committee by the following 
prominent citizens : Hon. John Craig, of Keokuk ; Judge 
Traverse and Senator Taylor, of Bloomfield ; Gen. W. W. 
Wright and Gen. F. M. Drake, Centerville; Gen. B. M.Mc- 
Fall, Oskaloosa; T. B. Perry and J. H. Drake, Albia; Geo. 
D. Woodin and Hon. F. E. White, Sigourney; Hon. Chas. 
D. Leggett and Chas. D. Fallen, Fairfield ; Hon. Edwin 
Manning and Capt. W. A. Duckworth, Keosauqua ; F. R. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 255 

Crocker and E. A. Temple, Chariton ; O. P. Wright, Knox- 
ville; E. B. Woodruff, Marion Co. ; Col. Al. Swalm, Oska- 
loosa; Hon. W. P. Smith, Hon. Josiah Given, Hon. Fred 
Lehman, G. W. Wright, Des Moines ; Hon. John H. Gear, 
Hon. John J. Seely, Burlington; Hon. F. C. Hormel, Capt. 
M. P. Mills, Cedar Rapids; Hon. Geo. H. Spahr, Hon. W. 
I. Babb, Mt. Pleasant; Hon. J. B. Grinnell, of Grinnell; Dr. 
Eiigle, Newton ; Frank Letts and J. S. McFarland, Mar- 
shalltown; Hon. J. B. Harsh and M. A. Robb, Crestoii; 
ex-Governor Kirkwood and Ezekiel Clark, Iowa City. 

The President and Governor Boies reviewed the parade 
from a stand in the park. The column was led by the 
veterans of the famous Third Iowa Cavalry. Three thou- 
sand school children participated in the demonstration, 
which was witnessed by fully 40, 000 spectators. The public 
reception took place in the afternoon at the Coal Palace ; 
the great building was overflowing. Hon. P. G. Ballin- 
gall, President of the Coal Palace Exposition, introduced 
Governor Boies, who welcomed the President in behalf of 
the people of Iowa. 

President Harrison responded as follows : 

Governor Boies and Fellow -citizens I accept in the same cordial 
and friendly spirit in which they have been offered these words of 
welcome spoken on behalf of the good people of the great State of 
Iowa. It gives me pleasure in this hasty journey to pause for a 
little time in the city of Ottumwa, I have had especial pleasure 
in looking upon this structure and the exhibits which it contains. 
It is itself a proof of the enterprise, skill, and artistic taste of the 
people of this city of which they may justly be very proud. I look 
about it and see that its adornment has been wrought with ma- 
terials that are familiar and common, and that these have as- 
sumed, under the deft fingers and artistic thoughts of your people, 
shapes of beauty that are marvellously attractive. If I should 
attempt to interpret the lesson of this structure, I should say it 
was an illustration of how much that is artistic and graceful is 
to be found in the common things of life ; and if I should make 
an application of the lesson, it would be to suggest that we might 
profitably carry into all our homes and into all neighborly inter- 
course the same transforming spirit. The common things of this 



256 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

life, touched by a loving spirit, may be made to glow and glisten. 
The common intercourse of life, touched by friendliness and love, 
may be made to fill every home and neighborhood with a bright- 
ness that jewels cannot shed. And it is pleasant to think that in 
our American home-life we have reached this ideal in a degree 
unexcelled elsewhere. 

I believe that in the American home, whether in the city or on 
the farm, the American father and the American mother, in their 
relations to the children, are kinder, more helpful, and benignant 
than any others. [Cries of "Good! Good!" and cheers.] In these 
homes is the strength of our institutions. Let these be corrupted 
and the Government itself has lost the stone of strength upon which 
it securely rests. 

(Here, by some accident of arrangement, the water of 
an artificial waterfall immediately behind the President 
was turned on, and the rush and roar of the water drowned 
his voice almost completely.) 

I have contended with a brass band while attempting to address 
a popular audience, but I have never before been asked to speak in 
the rush and roar of Niagara. [Laughter and cheers. ] I think if 
I were to leave it to this audience whether they would rather see 
that beautiful display and hear the rippling of these waters [point- 
ing] than to hear me, they would vote for the waterfall. [Cries 
of "No, no!" and "Shut off the water!"] 

(At this point the management succeeded in finally turn- 
ing off the water so that the deafening noise ceased.) 

I had supposed that there were limitations upon the freedom of 
this meeting this afternoon, both as to the Governor and myself, 
ar.d that no political suggestion of any sort was to be introduced 
into this friendly concourse of American citizens ; and I think both 
of us have good cause for grievances against the prohibitionists for 
interrupting us with this argument for cold water. [Great laugh- 
ter and applause. ] 

It is quite difficult, called upon as I am every day, and sometimes 
three or four times a day, to make short addresses with the limita- 
tions that are upon me as to the subjects upon which I may speak, 
to know what to say when I meet my fellow-citizens. I was glad 
to hear the Governor say that Iowa is prosperous. We have here a 
witness that it is so. It offers also, I think, a solution of the origin 
of that prosperity, and suggests how it may be increased and 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 257 

developed. We have in this structure a display of all the products 
of the farm, and side by side with it a display of the mechanic 
arts. I think in this combination, in this diversity of interest 
and pursuit, in this mutual and helpful relation between the toilers 
of the soil and the workers in our shops, each contributing to the 
commonwealth and each giving to the other that which he needs, 
we have that which has brought about the prosperity you now 
enjoy, and which is to increase* under the labors of your children 
to a degree that we have not realized. The progress in the me- 
chanical arts that men not older than I have witnessed, the appli- 
cation of new agencies to the use of men within the years of my 
own notice and recollection, read like a fairy tale. Let us not 
think that we have reached the limits of this development. There 
are yet uses of the agencies already known to be developed and 
applied. There are yet agencies perhaps in the great storehouse of 
nature that have not been harnessed for the use of man. The tele- 
graph, the telephone, and the phonograph have all come within 
the memory of many who stand about me to-day. The application 
of steam to ocean travel is within the memory of many here. The 
development of our railroad system has all come within your 
memory and mine. The railroad was but a feeble agency in com- 
merce when my early recollection begins ; and now this great State 
is covered with railroads like a network. Every farm is within 
easy reach of a shipping station, and every man can speak to his 
neighbor any day of the week, though that neighbor live on the 
opposite side of the globe. Out of all this what is yet to come? 
Who can tell? You are favored here in having not only a surface 
soil that yields richly to the labor of the farmer, but in also having 
hidden beneath that surface rich mines of coal which are to be 
converted into power to propel the mills that will supply the wants 
of your people. 

Now, my friends, thanking you for the kindness with which you 
have listened to me, expressing again my appreciation of the taste 
and beauty of this great structure in which we stand, and wishing 
for Iowa and all its citizens the largest increase of prosperity in 
material wealth, the most secure social order in all their commu- 
nities, and the crowning blessing of home happiness, I bid you 
good-by. [Prolonged cheering.] 
17 



258 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



ST. JOSEPH, MISSOURI, OCTOBER 10. 

THE first reception in the State of Missouri took place at 
St. Joseph at 6 :30 the morning of October 10. Many thou- 
sands greeted the President at the Union Depot. Conspic- 
uous in the assemblage were the veterans of Ouster Post, 
G. A. R., who escorted the party to the neighboring hotel. 
The Committee of Reception consisted of Col. A. 0. Dawes, 
Chairman; Mayor Wm. Shepard, Hon. John L. Bittinger, 
Capt Chas. F. Ernst, Capt. F. M. Posegate, Col. N. P. Og- 
den, August Nunning, Wm. M. Wyeth, Major T. J. Chew, 
Hon. Geo. J. Englehart, Hon. O. M. Spencer, Dr. J. D. 
Smith, James McCord, ex-Gov. Silas Woodson, John M. 
Frazier, Frank M. Atkinson, Rev. H. L. Foote, and Major 
Joseph Hansen. 

Colonel Dawes made a brief welcoming address and 
presented the President, who spoke as follows : 

l\ly Fellow-citizens If you are glad to see me at this hour in the 
morning, if you are so kind and demonstrative before breakfast, 
how great would have been your welcome if I had come a little 
later in the day? [Applause.] 

I beg to thank you, who at an inconvenient and early hour, 
have turned out to speak these words of welcome to us as we pass 
through your beautiful city. Many years ago I read of St. Joseph. 
I know something of its history, when, instead of being a large 
city, it was a place for outfitting those slow and toilsome trains 
that bore the early pioneers toward California and the far West. 
Those days are not to be forgotten. Those means of communica- 
tion were slow, but they bore men and women, full of courage and 
patriotism, to do for us on the Pacific and in the great West the 
work of peaceful conquest that has added greatly to the glory and 
prosperity of our country. And yet we congratulate ourselves that 
the swifter means of communication have taken the place of the 
old ; we congratulate ourselves that these conveniences, both of 
business and social life, have come to crown our day. And yet 
in the midst of them, enjoying the luxuries which modern civ- 
ilization brings to our doors, let us not lose from our house- 
holds those plain and sturdy virtues which are essential to true 
American citizenship ; let us remember always that above all 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 250 

surroundings, above all that is external, there is to be prized 
those solid and essential virtues that make home happy and that 
make our country great, and that enable us in every time of trial 
and necessity to call out from among the people some who are 
fit to lead our armies or to meet every emergency in the history 
of the State. We are here as American citizens, not as partisans ; 
\ve are here as comrades of the late war, or, if there are here those 
who under the other banner fought for what seemed to them to be 
right, we are here to say one and all that God knew what was best 
for this country when he cast the issue in favor of the Uniofc and 
the Constitution. [Applause and cheers. ] 

Now, again united under its ample guarantee of personal liberty 
and public security, united again under one flag, we have started 
forward, if" we are true to our obligations, upon a career of pros- 
perity that w r ould not otherwise have been possible. Let us there- 
fore, in all kindliness and faithfulness, in devotion to the right, 
as God shall give us light to see it, go forward in the discharge of 
our duties, setting above everything else the flag and the Constitu- 
tion on which all our rights and securities are based. Now, my 
comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic and fellow-citizens- 
of Missouri, again I thank you and bid you good-. by. [Cheers.] 



ATCHISON, KANSAS, OCTOBER 10. 

ENTERING Kansas the President was the recipient of a 
unique welcome at Atchison, where 1,000 school children 
and several thousand citizens greeted him. Little Edna 
Elizabeth Downs was the orator on behalf of the children, 
and delivered a beautiful address, at the conclusion of 
which the children showered the President with flowers. 

The Mayor of Atchison, Hon. B. P. Waggener, and the 
following prominent citizens welcomed the Chief Exec- 
utive : Hon. John J. Ingalls, Hon. Edward K. Blair, Hon. 
Clem Rohr, Hon. S. 0. King, Hon. S. H. Kelsey, Hon. 
John C. Tomlinson, Hon. A. J. Harwi, Hon. Henry Elles- 
ton, Hon. S. R. Stevenson, Hon. C. W. Benning, Judge 
Rob't M. Eaton, ex-Gov. Geo. W. Glick, Hon. H. C. Sol- 
omon, Judge A. G. Otis, Judge David Martin, L. C. 
Challiss, E. W. Howe, David Auld, B. T. Davis, Chas. 



2GO HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

E. Faulkner, Major W. H. Haskell, Major S. R Washer, 
Capt. J. K. Fisher, Capt. David Baker, Capt. John Seaton, 
Stanton Park, T. B. Gerow, and H. Claypark. Chief- 
Justice Albert H. Horton made the welcoming address 
and introduced President Harrison, who said : 

My Fellow -citizens I stand to-day for the first time upon the 
soil of Kansas. I am glad to have been permitted to enter it by 
the vestibule of this attractive city, the home of one of your 
most* brilliant statesmen. I cannot refrain from saying, God be 
thanked that freedom won its early battle in Kansas. [Applause. ] 
All this would have been otherwise impossible. You have a soil 
christened with the blood of men who died for liberty, and you 
have well maintained the lessons they taught, living and dying. 
It was appropriate that the survivors of the late war, men who 
came home crowned with the consummating victory of liberty, 
should make the State of Kansas pre-eminently the soldier State of 
the Union. Now, after telling you that I am very grateful for 
your friendly greeting this morning, you will, I am sure, excuse 
me, in this tumult, from attempting further speech. May every 
good attend you in your homes ; may the career of this great State 
be one of unceasing prosperity in things material, and may your 
citizenship never forget that the spiritual things that take hold of 
liberty and human rights are higher and better than all material 
things. [Prolonged cheering.] Allow me now to present to you 
the only member of my Cabinet who accompanied me, General 
Tracy, of New York, the Secretary of the Navy. 



TOPEKA, KANSAS, OCTOBER 10. 

THE President's reception at Topeka on Friday, October 
10, was a remarkable ovation; over 50,000 people from 
every county in the State greeted him. The famous 
Seventh U. S. Cavalry, Gen. J. W. Forsythe commanding, 
acted as the guard of honor. The President was welcomed 
by Gov. Lyman U. Humphrey, Senator John J. Ingalls, 
Chief -Justice Albert H. Horton, Mayor Eobert L. Cofran, 
and the following distinguished committee: Ex-Gov. 
Thomas A. Osborn, ex-Gov. Geo. T. Anthony, Capt. Geo. 
R Peck, Col. James Burgess, Hon. S. B. Bradford, Judge 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 201 

N. C. McFarland, Judge John Martin, A. J. Arnold, John 
Guthrie, Wm. P. Douthitt, John Mileham, William Sims, 
Cyrus K. Holliday, Perry G. Noel, S. T. Howe, Bernard 
Kelly, J. Lee Knight, N. D. McGinley, Wm. H. Rossing- 
ton, Rev. Dr. F. S. McCabe, Geo. W. Reed, Elihu Holcomb, 
Lark Odin, L. J. Webb, Milo B. Ward, J. K. Hudson, F. 
P. McLennan, H. O. Garvey, Frank Root, John M. Bloss, 
John F. Gwinn, A. M. Fuller, J. W. F. Hughes, John R. 
Peckham, James L. King, Henry Bennett, Geo. H. Evans, 
M. C. Holman, John C. Gordon, H. P. Throop, Joseph R. 
Hankland, T. W. Durham, Judge C. G. Foster, A. K. 
Rodgers, A. B. Jetmore, and Thomas F. Oenes. 

The parade was an imposing affair. Thirty thousand 
veterans were in line. The Indiana contingent numbered 
over 1,000, and as they passed the reviewing carriage, led 
by Major George Noble, cheer after cheer was given in 
honor of the distinguished Hoosier. Nearly 0,000 school 
children participated in the parade. In the afternoon the 
President visited the reunion grounds with Commander 
Ira F. Collins and other officers of the Kansas Department, 
G. A. R. Governor Humphrey delivered the welcoming 
address. 

The President responded as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens I am strongly tempted to omit even an at- 
tempt to speak to you to-day ; I think it would be better that I 
should go home and write you an open letter. [Great laughter 
and cheering.] I have been most profoundly impressed with the 
incidents which have attended this tremendous and, I am told, 
unprecedented gathering of the soldiers and citizens of the great 
State of Kansas. No one can interpret in speech the lessons of this 
occasion. No power of description is adequate to convey to those 
who have not looked upon it or into the spirit and power of this 
meeting. This assembly is altogether too large to be greeted indi- 
vidually one cannot get his arms around it. [Laughter and 
cheers. ] And yet so kindly have you received me that I would be 
glad if to each of you I could convey the sense of gratitude and 
appreciation which is in my heart. There is nothing for any of 
us to do but to open wide our hearts and let these elevating sug- 



262 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

gestions take possession of them. I am sure there has been nothing 
here to-day that does not point in the direction of a higher indi- 
vidual, social, State and national life. Who can look upon this 
vast array of soldiers who fought to a victorious consummation 
the war for the Union without bowing his head and his heart in 
grateful reverence? [Great applause. ] Who can look upon these 
sons of veterans, springing from a patriotic ancestry, full of the 
spirit of '61, and coming into the vigor and strength of manhood 
to take up the burdens that we must soon lay down, and who, 
turning from these to the sweet -faced children whose hands are 
filled with flowers and flags, can fail to feel those institutions of 
liberty are secure for two generations at least? [Great cheering.] 
I never knew until to-day the extent of the injury which the State 
of Kansas had inflicted upon the State of Indiana [laughter and 
cheers] never until I had looked upon that long line of Indiana 
soldiers that you plucked from us when the war was over by the 
superior inducement which your fields and cities offered to their 
ambitious toil. Indiana grieves for their loss, but rejoices in the 
homes and prosperity they have found here. [Cheers. ] They are 
our proud contribution to the great development which this State 
has made. They are our proud contribution to that great national 
reputation which your State, has established as the friend as well 
as one of the bulwarks of liberty and law. [Cheers. ] It was not 
unnatural that they, coming back from scenes where comrades had 
shed their blood for liberty, should choose to find homes in a State 
that had the baptism of martyrs' blood upon its infant brow. 
[Prolonged cheering.] The future is safe if we are but true to 
ourselves, true to these children whose instruction is committed to 
us. There is no other foe that can at all obstruct or hinder our 
onward progress except treason in our own midst treachery to the 
great fundamental principle of our Government, which is obedience 
to the law. The law, the will of the majority expressed in orderly, 
constitutional methods, is the only king to which we bow. But 
to him all must bow. Let it be understood in all your communi- 
ties that no selfish interest of the individual, no class interests, 
however entrenched, shall be permitted to assert their convenience 
against the law. This is good American doctrine, and if it can be 
made to prevail in all the States of the Union until every man, 
secure under the law in his own right, is compelled by the law to 
yield to every other man his rights, nothing can shake our repose. 
[Cheers. ] 

Now, fellow-citizens, you will excuse me from the attempt at 
further speech. I beg you again to believe that I am grateful, so 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 2C3 

far as your presence here has any personal reference to myself 
grateful as a public officer for this evidence of your love and affec- 
tion for the Constitution and the country which we all love. 
[Great applause. ] 

There is some grumbling in Kansas, and I think it is because 
your advantages are too great. [Laughter. ] A single year of dis- 
appointment in agricultural returns should not make you despair 
of the future or tempt you to unsafe expedients. Life is made up 
of averages, and 1 think yours will show a good average. Let us 
look forward with hope, with courage, fidelity, thrift, patience, 
good neighborly hearts, and a patriotic love for the flag. Kansas 
and her people have an assured and happy future. [Prolonged 
cheers. ] 



NORTDNVILLE, KANSAS, OCTOBER 10. 

AT Nortonville the citizens, and especially the school 
children, turned out en masse and gave the President the 
heartiest of welcomes. Among the prominent residents 
who participated in the greeting were Hon. A. J. Perry, S. 
P. Griffin, Thomas Eckles, C. C. McCarthy, Dr. D. T. 
Brown, L.P.King, D.A.Ellsworth, O. U. Babcock, Dr. 
R. D. Webb, J. G. Roberts, W. T. Eckles, Harry Ellison, 
Rev. T. Hood, and M. Crowberger. On behalf of the school 
children a little girl climbed the steps and presented the 
Chief Magistrate with an armful of beautiful bouquets, for 
which she received a hearty kiss. 

Governor Humphrey introduced the President, who 
spoke as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens This brief stop forbids that I should say any- 
thing more than thank you and to extend to you all my most friendly 
greeting. The sky is overcast, but in this assemblage of your 
school children, with flags and flowers, and in this gathering of 
the sturdy men who have made Kansas great among States, there 
are suggestions that spread a sky of beauty and hope above our 
country and its destiny. It gives me great pleasure to make this 
first visit to Kansas. It gives me great pleasure to see both at 
Atchison and here the interest which the presence of these children 
shows you take in public education. There are many here who 



264 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

in their early clays experienced the hardships and privations of 
pioneer life. The avenues of learning were shut against them, but 
it is much to their credit that what they lacked in early life, the 
impediments which have burdened their careers, they have bravely 
resolved shall not burden their children. I thank you again for 
this pleasant reception, and I bid you good-by, as we proceed on 
our journey. 



VALLEY FALLS, KANSAS, OCTOBER 10. 

AT Valley Falls, Kan . , another large crowd was assem- 
bled. The President was welcomed by Mayor A. D. Ken- 
dall, Dr. A. M. Cowan, E. H. Crosby, M. M. Maxwell, Dr. 
Frank Swallow, Mrs. J. H. Murry, Miss L. M. Ring, and 
other prominent residents. Mrs. Dr. Cowan, on behalf of 
the ladies, presented General Harrison with a basket of 
flowers. 

In response to the enthusiastic greetings the President 
said: 

My Friends I thank you sincerely for this cordial reception. I 
will not attempt any speech further than to say that this greeting 
puts me, if possible, under still stronger obligations in every official 
duty that devolves upon me to consult the interests of the people 
and do that which seems to be most promotive of public good. 
[Cheers. ] 



LAWRENCE, KANSAS, OCTOBER 10. 

THE historic city of Lawrence was reached at 4:40 
o'clock, where the cheers of an immense multitude, includ- 
ing a battalion from Haskell Institute, welcomed the Pres- 
ident. The Reception Committee consisted of Mayor A. 
Henley, George Innis, W. H. Whitney, Gov. Chas. Robin- 
son, Gen. J. N. Roberts, and E. F. Goodrich. The veterans 
of Washington Post, G. A. R., Gen. H. S. Hall, Com- 
mander, were present in a body. 

Mayor Henley, in the name of the city, welcomed the 
President, who, responding, said: 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 205 

My Friends I am sure you are kind, and tlie greatest kindness 
you can do me is not to ask me to attempt to speak again so re- 
cently after attempting at Topeka to talk to all the rest of the peo- 
ple in Kansas [laughter] who are not here. I supposed until the 
train pulled into this city that the entire citizenship of the State 
was in the immense crowd congregated at Topeka to-day. My 
voice was so strained in attempting to speak there that I will only 
say to you that it gives me great pleasure to see you and to speak 
to you, even for a moment, at this hospitable town. All the in- 
spiration connected with the story of the early history of Kansas 
clusters around the city of Lawrence. I am sure you will find in that 
story inspiration and suggestion that will keep the cause of liberty 
ever near to your hearts. [Great applause.] 



KANSAS CITY, OCTOBER 10. 

THE presidential party reached Kansas City at 5 : 30 
P.M. Friday, where a grand reception was tendered the 
Chief Executive. The Committee of Reception, represent- 
ing the municipality and business interests, comprised the 
following prominent citizens, who escorted the President 
from Topeka: Mayor Benjamin Holmes, Witten Mc- 
Donald, J. C. James, Joseph Speyer, Judge C. L. Dobson, 
Col. M. J. Payne, W. S. Woods, Hon. E. H. Allen, F. L. 
Kaufman, M. E. Lawrence, Joseph Calm, Col. T. B. Bul- 
lene, Col. E. H. Phelps, Col. J. F. Richards, George R. 
Barse, Major William Warner, William Taylor, Col. Louis 
Hammerslough, E. C. Sattley, J. H. Fink, Col. W. A. Wil- 
son, Marshal Tracy, F. B. Nofsinger, Collector Devol, Sur- 
veyor Guffin, Dr. F. W. Schulte, W. T. Urie, G. S. Hamp- 
ton, J. H. Smith, M. D. Henderson, H. J. Rosecrans, R. M. 
Easley, H. C. Fike, B. S. Flersheim, Wm. Barton, H. J. 
Long, E. M. Clendeiiing, T. James, James M. Coburn, L. 
E. Irwin, C. L. Valandingham, G. W. Hollinger, E! E. 
Richardson, E. M. Wilcox, J. M. Cooper, W. H. Bundage, 
M. H. Dickerson, C. A. Brockett, S. A. Pierce, J. H. Neff, 
S. R. Hudson, A. H. Moffitt, S. B. Stokely, P. L. Whipple, 



266 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

J. W. Merrill, D. G. Saunders, F. W. Hatch, G. Bern- 
heimer, B. C. Burgess, S. T. Smith, and J. L. Walker. 

An enormous crowd greeted the President as he was 
driven to the Coates House, where the distinguished party 
were entertained at dinner by Mayor Holmes, e-Governor 
Crittenden, Mayor W. A. Coy, of Kansas City, Kan. ; Gov. 
A. J. Smith, of the Soldiers' Home at Leavenworth; Hon. 
John Scott Harrison the President's brother and other 
leading citizens. 

In response to a toast to the President's health, General 
Harrison said : 

Gentlemen I am sorry to cause even this temporary interruption 
by leaving the banquet, but I am sure you will all appreciate the 
desire I have to spend a few minutes under my brother's roof in 
your city, and will therefore excuse me. Let me say that I very 
much appreciate the friendly and hospitable spirit of the business 
men of Kansas City, to whom I am indebted for this banquet and 
reception. It has never been my pleasure before to visit your cit3 r , 
but it has been well advertised, and I have heard of it frequently. 
[Laughter and applause. ] So far as I could tell by the dim light 
of the evening in riding through the city, it realizes fully my 
expectations in growth and prosperity. [Applause.] Let me say, 
in conclusion, that I hope all your dreams for Kansas City may be 
realized. [Great applause.] 

After passing the evening at his brother's residence, at 
8 P.M. the President was escorted by 300 members of the 
Third Regiment and a cavalry guard, commanded by Col. 
Milton Moore, to the Chamber of Commerce, wiiere an 
informal reception was held. 

Major William Warner introduced the President, who 
said: 

My Fellow citizens I will not attempt to say more than that I 
am very grateful to you for your kindness, for this cordial, genuine 
Kansas City welcome. [Cheers.] The arrangements which have 
been made, and which are intended to give me an opportunity to 
meet some of you personally, and the early hour at which we are 
to take the train for St. Louis, make it inappropriate that I should 
attempt to speak at any length. I thank you again for your kind- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 207 

ness, and will now submit myself to such arrangements as the 
committee have made to spend the little time I have to spend with 
you. [Cheers. J 



ST. LOUIS, OCTOBER 11. 

THE President arrived in St. Louis at 9 : 30 in the morn- 
ing and received a royal welcome. As he drove through 
the city amid the roar of cannon, it is estimated that fully 
200,000 people greeted him, and his journey partook of a 
triumph. The committee of escort that met the President 
at Kansas City consisted of ex-Gov. E. O. Stanard, Col. S. 
W. Fordyce, Hon. R, C- Kerens, and Marcus Bernheimer. 
The guard of honor was a detail from the Grand Army, 
commanded by Major Leo Rassieur. 

The President was met on arrival by the following dis- 
tinguished Committee of Reception . His Honor, Mayor 
Noonan, D. M. Houser, Geo. D. Reynolds, R. M. Scruggs, 
Nelson Cole, Col. James G. Butler, Col. J. O. Churchill, 
Daniel Catlin, Wm. M. Senter, John Orrick, John S. 
Moffett, S. Newman, D. P. Rowland, John J. Daly, A. B. 
Ewing, Miles Sells, John Dillon, Professor Waterhouse, 
Frank Buchanan, John B. Harlow, Marquand Foster, 
Philip Brockman, Wm. Grassmuck, Chas. Scudder, John 
J. O'Brien, T. J. Cummings, John H. Terry, J. S. Finken- 
bauer, C. J. Hanabrinck, L. Bohle, O. M. Dean, John M. 
Sellers, James Green, Dr. Thomas O'Reilly, Samuel Ken- 
nard, O. M. Haye, John A. Scudder, H. L. Morrill, S. H. 
H. Clark, John Scullen, C. C. Maffitt, Joseph Franklin, 
Hon. F. G. Niedringhaus, Hon. Nathan Frank, W. M. 
Kinsey, E. S. Rowse, Geo. D. Barnard, J. L. Boland, D. 
H. King, C. P. Walbridge, B. F. Harnett, Geo. Taylor, R. 
P. Tansey, A. S. White, F. A. Wanii, M. M. Bodenheimer, 
W. A. Hargadine, George A. Baker, John N. Booth, Geo. 
W. Parker, J. D. Thompson, George A. Medill, E. C. Sim- 
mons, Edwin C. Kehr, G. A. Finkelnburg, Marcus Bern- 
heimer, L. Beavis, Charles F. Joy, Henry Hitchcock, 



268 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Wm. H. Thompson, W. F. Niedringhaus, Charles Espen- 
schied, A. B. Goodbaugh, Jonathan Rice, Jacob Meyer, 
Goodman King, D. C. Nugent, John Davis, J. D. Bascom, 
R. W. Shapleigh, Edgar D. Tilton, John C. Wilkinson, D. 
D. Walker, Frederick Vaughn, E. F. Williams, J. H. 
Wear, C. D. Comfort, C. C. Rainwater, F. W. Humphrey, 
Michael McGinnis, John Wahl, W. L. Hughes, and 
Thomas H. West. 

After reviewing the parade from the balcony of the 
Southern Hotel the President and Secretary Tracy visited 
the Merchants' Exchange and were tendered a reception 
by the business men of the city. Mr. Marcus Bernheimer, 
President of the Exchange, occupied the presiding chair 
and introduced Gov. D. R. Francis, who, in an eloquent 
address, welcomed the President in the name of the people 
of Missouri. The Governor was followed by Hon. Edward 
A. Noorian, Mayor of St. Louis, who extended a " sincere 
and hearty greeting," on behalf of the residents of the 
city. 

Hon. Charles Parsons then introduced the President, 
who addressed the assemblage as follows : 

Governor Francis, Mr. Mayor, and Fellow -citizens It is very 
grateful and very healthful to be so cordially received by you this 
morning. The office which I have been called upon to administer 
is very great in dignity, but it is very full of care and heavy 
responsibility. The man who with conscientious regard and a 
proper appreciation of the great trust seeks to administer it for the 
public good will find himself daily beset with perplexities and 
doubts, and daily besieged by those who differ with him as to the 
public administration. But it is a great comfort to know that we 
have an intelligent, thoughtful, and, at the same time, a very kind 
people, who judge benevolently and kindly the acts of those public 
servants of whose good disposition to do right they are not left in 
doubt. And it is very pleasant to know and I do not need these 
eloquent words of assurance to have already impressed upon me 
the great lesson that there are more things in which we agree and 
have common interests than in which we differ. But our differ- 
ences of opinion as to public administration are all brought to- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 2G9 

gcther in a genuine patriotism and love of country. [Applause]. 
It gives me pleasure to witness since my last visit to St. Louis 
evidence of that steady and uninterrupted growth which this great 
commercial centre has made since its birth as an Indian trad ing - 
post on the Mississippi. No year has been without its added evi- 
dences of progress, development, accumulation of wealth, and 
increase in population. You have now passed any period of doubt 
or uncertainty, and the career of St. Louis is assured. You have 
grown like the oak, annually adding a ring to the prosperity and 
wealth and commercial importance of your great city. You have 
struck the roots of your influence broad and deep into the nourish- 
ing earth of this great fertile land in which you have lived , and 
the branches the high branches of your enterprise are reaching 
toward the sunlight that shines upon them. You are situated upon 
the Mississippi River, giving you water communication with the 
sea, a communication which this Government has undertaken to 
improve and secure, and which I believe will be made secure by 
appropriate legislation. [Applause.] Nor do I know any rea- 
son why these great lines of railway stretching from St. Louis to 
the Southwest may not yet touch great ports of commerce, deep 
harbors, until they shall become trunk lines. We have come to 
regard only these lines of railway communication to eastern sea- 
boards as trunk lines. I do not know why. Indeed, I believe that 
in the future, when we shall have seized again, as we will seize if 
we are true to ourselves, our own fair part of commerce upon the 
sea, and when we shall have again our appropriate share of South 
American trade [cheers], that these railroads from St. Louis, 
touching deep harbors on the gulf, and communicating there with 
lines of steamships, shall touch the ports of South America and 
bring their tribute to you. You shall in all these things find 
a special interest, but an interest that will be shared, as all great 
interests are, by the Nation and people, of which you are a loyal 
and enterprising part. And now, my friends, again let me thank 
you, and all those who have spoken in your behalf, for these 
friendly words. These great industries of commerce and manu- 
factures here are entwined in friendly helpfulness. As they are 
diversified your prosperity is increased , but under them all, as the 
only secure rock upon which they can rest, is social order and 
obedience to the law. Let it never be forgotten anywhere that 
commerce builds only upon social order. Be watchful and careful 
of every instrumentality or suggestion which puts itself against 
the law. Where the law is wrong make it right. [Cries of 
"Good!" and cheering.] Let that be the one rule of conduct in 



270 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

the public relations of every American citizen. And now, my 
friends, again let me say thank you and good -by. 

At the conclusion of the reception on 'Change the Presi- 
dent, escorted by the Committee of Reception, visited the 
Fair Grounds and attended a banquet in his honor at the 
Jockey Club House. In the evening the distinguished 
guests visited the Exposition, where a tremendous crowd 
gathered. As the President entered Music Hall, Gilmore's 
famous band struck up " Hail to the Chief. " The great 
audience stood and called repeatedly for a speech. The 
President arose in his box and bowed several times ; but 
there was no denying their demands, and Governor Fran- 
cis finally introduced his excellency, who said : 

Ladies and Gentlemen I have sometimes thought that the life 
of the President of the United States is like that of the policeman 
in the opera not a happy one. So many cares strew his path, so 
many people's welfare is to be considered, that wiser heads than 
mine may well be puzzled. The attention of this mighty audience 
to-night has been distracted from the concert by my entrance, not 
withstanding the fact that it has a leader more a master of his art 
than any other on the continent. I did not, nor do I desire to 
make a speech to night. But as I have always declared myself in 
favor of the rule of the majority, I feel compelled to do so. 

From early morn till late this evening the day has been one of 
unalloyed pleasure to me. Every possible courtesy has been shown 
our party, and we have gathered, I assure you, a most high opinion 
of your people and your city. This building is in every way a 
credit to St. Louis, the metropolis of the Southwest, and its exhib- 
its do credit to the merchants and manufacturers represented. I am 
glad to see that the higher arts go hand-in-hand with mechanics. 
Art, music, poetry, and song should not be separated from the 
homes of the poor, and such an institution as this cannot fail to 
instil all that is good into the hearts of every one. Before I close 
let me tell you all how grateful and how complimented I feel at 
my hearty reception in your midst. I shall always recall this day 
with happy remembrance. Now, won't you crown the great cour- 
tesies of the day by allowing me to end my speech? [Applause.] 



HAEEISON'S SPEECHES. 271 

ANDERSON, INDIANA, OCTOBER 13. 

PRESIDENT HARRISON passed the Sabbath quietly at his 
Indianapolis residence, and early Monday morning, ac- 
companied by Secretary Tracy and Marshal Ransdell, 
started for Washington. 

The first stop was at Pendleton, where the President 
shook hands with quite a crowd. Anderson, the county 
seat of Madison County, was reached at 7 :10, and a large 
concourse of people greeted the travellers. The President 
was received by Hon. Winfield T. Durbin, Chas. T. Doxey, 
W. A. Kittinger, John F. McClure, Caleb Brown, Jacob 
Koehler, Francis Watkins, A. A. Small, and other leading 
citizens. Mayor Terhune, in a patriotic address, presented 
the Chief Executive. 

After acknowledging the cordial greeting, the President 
spoke of the rapid industrial development of that section 
consequent upon the discovery and development of natural 
gas, and predicted a fine future for the county. Conclud- 
ing, he said : 

I am here to-day, returning to my duties at Washington from a 
trip taken to meet some of my old comrades during the war. 
There are some here this morning. I bid them God-speed ; I give 
them a comrade's greeting; and to you, my old-time friends, not 
in politics, but in that pride and association which makes us all 
Indianians we are all proud of our State and proud of our com- 
munities I desire to say that while I have friends elsewhere, these 
were my earliest friends friends of my boyhood almost, for I was 
scarcely more than a boy when I became a citizen of this State, 
and I always turn to it with affectionate interest. [Cheers.] 



MUNCIE, INDIANA, OCTOBER 13. 

AT Muncie the assemblage was very large, numbering 
over 10,000, and the President received the most vociferous 
greeting of the day. Here, as at other points in the State, 
hundreds of General Harrison's old friends crowded forth 
to welcome him and bid him God-speed. Prominent 



272 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

among these were: Hon. Frank Ellis, Mayor of the city; 
Hon. M. C. Smith, Hon. John C. Eiler, Hon. Fred W. 
Heath, Hon. W. W. Or, Hon. O. K Cranor, Hon. Geo. W. 
Cromer, Judge O. J. Lotz, Dr. G. W. H. Kemper, Dr. 
Thos. J. Bowles, Dr. A. B. Bradbury, A. L. Kerwood, Geo. 
L. Lenon, F. E. Putnam, Thos. H. Kirby, Charles H. An- 
thony, D. H. H. Shewmaker, Theodore F. Rose, N. N. 
Spence, Chas. M. Kimbrough, Webster S. Richey, Thos. 
L. Zook, John T. Watterhouse, J. W. Ream, C. E. Jones, 
and R. I. Patterson. Mayor Ellis delivered a brief wel- 
coming address and introduced the President, who spoke 
as follows: 

My Fellow -citizens I have known this beautiful city of yours 
and many of the people of this prosperous county for more than 
thirty years. I have known in a general way the development of 
your interests by almost yearly visits to the city of Muncie, but it 
seems to me that in these two years I have been out of the State 
you have made more progress than in any ten years when I was 
in the State. [Cheers. ] I think it was in the year 1886, when I 
spent a night in Muncie, that my attention was drawn by some of 
your citizens, as darkness settled down, to a remarkable and what 
was then thought to be chiefly a curious red glow in your horizon. 
It was, if I recollect aright, about the earliest development of nat- 
ural gas in Indiana, and the extent of this great field was wholly 
unknown. How rapidly events have crowded each other since ! 
You have delved into the earth and have found the supply of this 
most adaptable and extraordinary fuel inexhaustible ; and what has 
it done for you? No longer are you transporting coal from the 
distant mines to feed your furnaces. No longer are you sending 
the choppers into the woods to cut your trees and haul them in, 
that they may bring you winter heat and fuel. The factories have 
been coming to you. This convenient heat and serviceable fuel is 
found in the humblest home in Muncie. How it has added to 
your comfort only those who have used it know. How much it 
has added to your prosperity and development of manufactures here 
you have only begun to know. [Cheers. ] 

The sunlight will not more surely shed its beams on us this 
morning than this great tide of prosperity which has set in through 
this gas belt in Indiana shall go on increasing until all these cities 
and towns within its radius are full of busy men and humming 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 273 

machinery. What does all this mean? It means employment for 
men. It means happy and comfortable homes for an increasing 
population. It means an increased home market for the products 
of your farm. It means that the farmer will have a choice of 
crops, and will have consumers for perishable products of his farm 
at his very door. It means, if you preserve the order of your com- 
munity, if this good county of Delaware continues to maintain its 
reputation as a law-abiding, liberty-loving, free-school-loving pop- 
ulation [cheers], that you shall have a prosperity an increase of 
riches and of human comfort that we have scarcely conceived. 

And now, my friends, all over this, and above all this, and better 
than it all, let us keep in mind those higher things that make our 
country great. I do not forget that your good county sent to the 
war of the Union, in the gallant regiments that went from this 
State, a multitude of brave men to stand by the flag. [Cheers. ] 
Some of them are with you to- day. [Applause.] Now let that 
love of the flag be still uppermost in your hearts. Nothing has 
pleased me more as I passed through some of our Western States 
than to see that the school children everywhere had the starry flag 
in their hands. [Cheers.] Let it be so here and everywhere. Let 
them learn to love it, to know its beauty, in order that when the 
time of. peril comes they may be ready to defend it. [Applause. ] 
Now to these friends, I am most grateful for your appreciative 
kindness, and if I shall be able, in the discharge of high and diffi- 
cult duties, to maintain the respect and confidence of my fellow- 
citizens of Indiana, other things will take care of themselves. 



WINCHESTER, INDIANA, OCTOBER 13. 

WINCHESTER'S greeting was of the most cordial char- 
acter ; a large share of the population of Randolph County 
seemed to have turned out to do the President honor. 
Among the prominent citizens participating were : Lean- 
der J. Monks, Albert O. Marsh, Martin B. Miller, C. W. 
Moore, Dennis Kelley, W. R. Way, W. E. Miller, T. F. 
Moorman, Albert Canfield, John R. Engle, A. C. Beeson, 
E. L. Watson, Thos. S. Gordon, H. P. Kizer, J. E. Watson, 
John T. Chenoweth, W. H. Reinheimer, B. Hawthorne, 
and B. W. Simmons. 

Gen. Thomas M. Browne, on behalf of the citizens, de- 
is 



274 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

livered an eloquent address of welcome, and closed by in- 
troducing President Harrison, who said : 

My Friends It gives me great pleasure to hear from the lips of 
your honored fellow -citizen, my old-time army comrade, these 
words of welcome, spoken in your behalf. I thank you and him 
for his assurance that your assembling here together is without 
regard to difference in belief, and as American citizens having 
common interests and a common love for the flag and the Consti- 
tution. Now, to these good people of Randolph County I render 
this morning my sincere thanks for their hearty and cordial wel- 
come. No public servant, in whatever station, can ever be in- 
different to the good esteem of men and women and children like 
these. You do not know how much these kindly faces, these 
friendly Indiana greetings, help me in the discharge of duties that 
are not always easy. 

I bid you good-by and God-speed. I do wish for Indiana and all 
her people the greatest happiness that God can give. [Prolonged 
cheers.] 



UNION CITY, INDIANA, OCTOBER 13. 

THE President found another great crowd awaiting him 
at Union City, including several hundred school children, 
each waving a flag. Between rows of children he was es- 
corted to the park near the station by a committee consist- 
ing of Hon. Theo. Shockney, B. F. Coddington, J. S. 
Reeves, and Geo. W. Patchell. Arrived - at the park he 
was met by James B. Ross, S. R. Bell, L. C. Huesman, J. 
F. Rubey, W. S. Ensign, L. D. Lambert, J. B. Montani, 
C. S. Hardy, J. C. Platt, Judge J. W. Williams, R. G. 
Clark, H. H. Le Fever, H. D. Grabs, Chas. Hook, and other 
prominent citizens. Senator Shockney made the welcom- 
ing address. The President, responding, said : 

Senator Shockney and Fellow -citizens The conditions are not 
such here that I can hope to make many of you hear the few words 
that it is possible for me to speak to you. I have found myself in 
this tour through these Western States, undertaken for the purpose 
of meeting some of my comrades of the late war, who had invited 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 275 

me to be with them at their annual gatherings, repeating the words 
" Thank you" everywhere. I have felt how inadequate this word 
or any other word was to express the sense of gratitude I should 
feel to these friendly fellow -citizens who everywhere greeted me 
with kind words and kinder faces. I feel very grateful to see you, 
and to realize that if there are any fault-finders, sometimes with 
reason, and sometimes without, that the great body of our people 
are interested only in good government, in good administration, and 
that the offices shall be filled by men who understand that they are 
the servants of the people, and who serve them faithfully and well. 
If it were not so a President would despair. Great as the Govern- 
ment is, vast as is our civil list, it is wholly inadequate to satisfy 
the reasonable demands of men, and so, from disappointment, rea- 
sonable or unreasonable, we turn with confidence and receive with 
encouragement these kindly greetings from the toilers of the coun- 
trythe men and women who only ask from the Government that 
it shall protect them in their lives, their property, and their homes ; 
that it shall encourage education, provide for these sweet young 
children, so that they shall have an easier road in life than their 
fathers had, and that there shall be an absence of corrupt intent or 
act in the administration of public business. 

And now, standing on the line which divides these two States, 
the one for which I have the regard every man should feel for his 
birthplace, and the other to which I owe everything I have received 
in civil life or public honor, I beg to call your attention to the fact 
how little State lines have to do with American life. Some of you 
pay your taxes on that side of the line, some on this, but in your 
intercourse, business, and social ties you cross this line unknow- 
ingly. Above both and greater than both above the just pride 
which Ohioans have in that noble State, and above the just pride 
which we have in Indiana there floats this banner that is the com- 
mon banner of us all. We are one in citizenship ; we are one in 
devotion to the Government, which makes the existence of States 
possible and their destruction impossible. [Cheers.] And now, 
to these children, to my Grand Army friends, and to these old cit- 
izens, many of whom I have met under other conditions, I beg to 
say God bless you every one, and good-by. 



276 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

DE GRAFF, OHIO, OCTOBER 13. 

CROSSING the Ohio line a short stop was made at Sid- 
ney, where the President shook hands and received a dele- 
gation from Bellefontaine headed by Judge Wm. Lawrence. 
At De Graff the President met with a cordial reception, 
especially from the school children. He was welcomed by 
ex-Mayor H. P. Runyon, Dr. W. W. Hamer, Dr. W. H. 
Hinkle, W. E. Haris, G. W. Harnish, John F. Rexer, Dr. 
F. M. Galer, Dr. Wm. Hance, R. O. Bigley, D. S. Spellman, 
D. W. Koch, Benjamin Bunker, W. H. Valentine, J. W. 
Strayer, and S. E. Loffer. 

Superintendent of Schools Joseph Swisher introduced 
the President, who said : 

My Friends I am very glad to see you all, and especially these 
dear young children. I have been passing through a country glo- 
rious in the autumnal tints which make a landscape that can be 
seen nowhere else in the world, and yet I turn always from these 
decaying glories of nature with great delight to look into the 
bright faces of these happy children, where I see a greater, because 
immortal, glory. I thank them for their presence here this morn- 
ing. I wish their lives may be as sunny and bright through man- 
hood and through womanhood, finding happiness in usefulness. I 
wish I had time to shake hands with you all. [Cheers. ] 



BELLEFONTAINE, OHIO, OCTOBER 13. 

BELLEFONTAINE accorded the President an enthusiastic 
welcome. The Committee of Reception consisted of Dr. 
A. L. Wright, Mayor of the city; Judge William Law- 
rence, Judge West, Judge Price, J. C. Brand, D. Hennesy, 
Geo. W. Emerson, Aaron Gross, A. C. Elliott, A, E. 
Griffen, H. J. King, J. E. West, I. N. Zearing, and J. Q. 
A. Campbell. 

Mayor Wright delivered a brief welcoming address and 
introduced the President, who spoke as follows : 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 277 

My Fellow -citizens I wish all of you could have seen what I 
have seen in this extended but hasty visit through some of the 
great States of the central West , the broader view which we get 
as we journey through this country of the capabilities of its soil, 
of the beauties of its landscape, of the happiness of its homes, but, 
above all, of the sturdy manhood of its people, can but be useful 
to every public man and every patriot. [Applause. ] No one can 
make such a journey as we have and look into the faces of hun- 
dreds of thousands of his fellow-citizens and see how here in Ohio, 
Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, and Missouri they are everywhere 
characterized by a sturdy independence and intelligent thoughtful- 
ness and manhood, and doubt the future of this country of which 
they are citizens. Nothing can shake its repose as long as this 
great mass of people in these homes, on these farms, in these shops 
and city dwelling-places are true to themselves and to their chil- 
dren. Not every one can hope to reach the maximum of human 
wealth or enjoyment, but nowhere else is there so general a diffu- 
sion of human comfort and the conveniences of life as in this laud 
of ours. You must not, then, show un thankfulness to the framere 
of our great Constitution or to God by indulging in gloomy fore- 
bodings or in unreasonable complaint. He has not promised that 
everywhere and every season the fields should give full returns. 
He has promised that the food of man should not fail, and where 
else is famine unknown? Other countries have now and then 
appealed for philanthropic help from abroad to feed their popula- 
tion, greater or less. The United States has always a surplus after 
its people are fed, and for this we should be thankful. I have 
been told everywhere that though crops in some respects and in 
some places have been short, the general prosperity is very great. 
Everywhere I have been told that no wheel is idle, and that no 
hand is idle that seeks employment that honest bread may come 
to his household. I believe that we are on an upward grade of 
prosperity, if we will be brave and hopeful and true, that shall 
lead us perhaps to a development and an increase of wealth we 
have never before attained. And now, my fellow-citizens, thank- 
ing you for this friendly morning greeting, I bid you good- by. 
[Applause.] Let me have the pleasure, however, of introducing 
to you my valued associate at Washington Secretary Tracy. 
[Applause. ] 



278 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

CRESTLINE, OHIO, OCTOBER 13. 

THE people of "Crestline honored the President with a 
large assembly, prominent among whom were: Mayor 
P. W. Pool, Hon. Daniel Babst, John G. Barney, Alexander 
Hall, B. F. Miller, John Whittle, John F. Castle, C. F. 
Frank, Dr. W. P. Bennett, L. G. Russell, A. Howorth, G. 
B. Thrailkill, t E. S. Bagley, D. L. Zink, J. P. Davis, T. P. 
Kerr, W. R. Boyd, E. W. Hadley, Samuel Gee, C. C. Hall, 
D. S. Patterson, and Richard Youngblood. 

Mayor Pool welcomed and introduced the President in a 
brief address. General Harrison responded : 

My Fellow -citizens Already some seven or oight times this 
morning, beginning before breakfast, I have been called upon to 
talk briefly to my fellow-citizens who have gathered at the various 
points where we made brief stops at their request. The story I 
must tell you is the same old story I have been telling them that 
I am very grateful for your friendly expressions and presence ; 
very grateful for the kindliness which speaks through those who 
address me, and for the kindness which appears in all your faces. 
It is pleasant to know that as against all enemies of our country 
we are one, that we have great pride, just pride in our birthright 
as American citizens, just pride in the country of our adoption as 
to those who have found a home here with us. It is the people's 
land more than any other country in the world. Mr. Lincoln 
felicitously expressed it to be a "government of the people, by the 
people, for the people. " [Applause. ] They originate it ; they 
perpetuate it. If it does not miss its purpose it is administered 
for their good. [Applause.] And so to you upon whom the bur- 
den of citizenship now rests, you who have the care of these homes 
and the responsibilities of womanhood ; to these lads who will soon 
be citizens, and to these girls who are coming on to womanhood,, 
to all I express my thanks for your friendly greeting. [Applause. ] 
To every one of you I wish the most abundant success ; that every 
home represented here may be a typical American home, in which 
morality and purity and love sit as the crowning virtues and are 
household gods. Our country is prosperous, though not all have 
attained -this year the measure of success which they had hoped 
for. If there was any shortness of crops anywhere, already the 
fields are green with the promise of another year. Let our hearts 



HA RRTSON ' S SPEECHES. 2 7 9 

be hopeful, let us he faithful and true, and the future of our coun- 
try and our own comfort are assured. [Cheers. ] 



MANSFIELD, OHIO, OCTOBER 13. 

AT Mansfield, the home of Senator Sherman, a large 
assemblage greeted the President, prominent among whom 
was the distinguished Senator, and Hon. Henry C. Hedges, 
Frank W. Pierson, J. M. Waugh, Frank K. Tracy, Maj. 
Joseph S. Hedges, Hon. W. S. Kerr, J. R. Brown, Nelson 
Ozier, Capt. W. S. Bradford, Hon. W. S. Cappeller, Hon. 
W. M. Hahn, Capt, Joseph Brown, G. U. Ham, Maj. W. 
W. Smith, Geo. C. Wise, Judge Jas. E. Lowry, James Mc- 
Coy, John Crum, Ried Carpenter, and Wm. C. Hedges, Jr. 

Senator Sherman introduced the President, who spoke 
briefly, saying: 

My Fellow -citizens We stop so frequently upon this journey 
and our time at each station is so brief, that I cannot hope to say 
anything that would be interesting or instructive. I thank you 
most sincerely for these friendly manifestations. I am glad to be 
permitted to stop at the home of your distinguished Senator and 
my friend. [Cheers. ] I am sure, however you may differ from him 
in political opinion, the people of Mansfield and of Ohio are proud 
of the eminence which he has attained in the counsels of the 
Nation and of the distinguished service he has been able to render 
to his country not only in Congress but in the Treasury Department. 
[Cheers.] He is twin in greatness with that military brother who 
led some of you, as he did me, in some of the great campaigns of 
the war, and they have together rendered conspicuous services to 
this country, which we, as they, love with devoted affection. We 
have so many common interests and so much genuine friendliness 
among the American people that except in the very heat and ardor 
of a political campaign the people are kind to each other, and we 
soon forget the rancor of these political debates. We ought never 
to forget that we are American citizens ; we ought never to forget 
that we are put in charge of American interests, and that it is our 
duty to defend them. [Applause. ] Thanking you again for your 
presence and kindliness, I bid you good-by. [Applause.] 



280 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

WOOSTER, OHIO, OCTOBER 13. 

AT Wooster, the seat of the well-known university, the 
presidential party received a rousing greeting, especially 
from the students with their college cry. At the head of 
the Committee of Reception was the venerable Professor 
Stoddard, formerly professor of chemistry at Miami Uni- 
versity when Benjamin Harrison attended that institute. 
Among other prominent townsmen who received the Pres- 
ident were: Hon. M. L. Smyser, Hon. A. S. McClure, 
Jacob Frick, Col. C. V. Hard, Capt. Harry McClarran, Dr. 
John A. Gann, Dr. R. N. Warren, Capt. R. E. Eddy, Lieut. 
W. H. Woodland, W. O. Beebe, Dr. J. D. Robison, Wm. 
Annat, John C. Hall, Enos Pierson, R. J. Smith, Samuel 
Metzler, Geo. W. Reed, C. W. McClure, A. G. Coover, A. 
M. Parish, Anthony Wright, Abram Plank, J. S. R. Over- 
holt, Jesse McClellan, David Nice, Andrew Branstetter, 
Charles Landam, Wm. F. Kane, Capt. Lemuel Jeffries, 
Sylvester F. Scovel, D.D., 0. A. Hills, D.D., Jas. M. 
Quinby, R. W. Funck, and Harry Heuffstot. 

Congressman Smyser introduced the President, who 
said: 

My Fellow-citizens If anything could relieve the sense of weari- 
ness which is ordinarily incident to extended railroad travel, it 
would be the exceeding kindness with which we have been every- 
where received by our fellow-citizens, and to look upon an audience 
like that assembled here, composed in part of venerable men who 
experienced the hardships of early life in Ohio, of some of those 
venerable women who shared those labors and self-denials of early 
life in the West, and in part of their sons, that gallant second 
generation, who, in the time of the Nation's peril in 1861, sprang 
to its defence and brought the flag home in honor [applause], and 
in part of these young men here undergoing that discipline of 
mind which is to fit them for useful American citizenship, full of 
the ambitions of early manhood, and, I trust, rooted in the princi- 
ples of morality and loyalty [applause], and in part of these sweet- 
faced children, coming from your schools and homes to brighten 
with their presence this graver assembly. Where else in the 
world could such a gathering be assembled? Where else so much 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 281 

social order as here? The individual free to aspire and work, the 
community its own police officer and guardian. 

We are here as American citizens, having, first, duties to our 
families, then to our neighborhood to the institutions and busi- 
ness with which we are connected but above all, and through and 
by all these duties, to our country and to God, by whose beneficial 
guidance our Government was founded, by whose favor and pro- 
tection it has been preserved. [Applause. ] Friendly to all peoples 
of the world, we will not thwart their course or provoke quarrels 
by unfriendly acts, neither will we be forgetful of the fact that we 
are charged here first with the conservation and promotion of 
American interests, and that our Government was founded for its 
own citizenship. [Applause and cheers.] But I cannot speak at 
further length. I must hurry on to other places, where kind people 
are impatiently awaiting our coming, and to duties which will be 
assumed and undertaken with more courage since I have so often 
looked into the kind faces of the people whom I endeavor to serve. 
[Applause.] Let me present to you now, and I do so with great 
pleasure, one of the gentlemen called by me under the Constitution 
to assist in the administration of the Government one whom I 
know you have learned to love and honor as you are now privi- 
leged to know Gen. Benjamin F. Tracy, the Secretary of the 
Navy. [Cheers. ] 



ORRVILLE, OHIO, OCTOBER 13. 

AT Orrville, Wayne County, it was not contemplated to 
stop ; but so large and enthusiastic was the crowd the Pres- 
ident held a brief reception. Among the prominent towns- 
men who welcomed him were : A. H. Walkey, S. N. Coe, 
A. E. Clark, J. W. Hostetter, A. Dennison, K S. Brice, D. 
J. Luikheim, and John Trout. 

In response to repeated cries of "speech," the President 
said: "Fellow-citizens The American people are very 
kind" at this point the train started, and the President 
closed abruptly by saying "and I feel sure that they 
will here excuse my failure to make a speech." There 
were loud shouts of laughter at the President's readiness 
as the train pulled out. 



282 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



MASSILLON, OHIO, OCTOBER 13. 

AT Massillon several thousand people assembled and 
great enthusiasm prevailed. The Committee of Reception 
consisted of Hon. William M. Reed, Mayor of the city; 
Prof. E. A. Jones, Hon. J. Walter McClymonds, Hon. S. 
A. Conrad, William F. Ricks, Clement Russell, and Joseph 
Grapevine, Esq. The Grand Army veterans and school 
children were present in force. Mayor Reed made the 
welcoming address. 

President Harrison, responding, said : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow- citizens The burden of obligation con- 
nected with this visit is put upon me by the enthusiasm and 
magnitude of this welcome which you have extended to me. It 
gives me pleasure to stop for a brief moment in a city widely cele- 
brated for its industries, and among a people widely celebrated for 
their virtues and intelligence. [Cheers.] It was especially grati- 
fying as we passed in your suburbs, one of these busy hives of 
industry, to see upon the bank, waving with hearty cheers, the 
operatives in their work- day clothes. It is of great interest to 
know that you have these diversified industries among you. Your 
lot would be unhappy and not prosperous if you were all pursuing 
the same calling, even if it were the calling to which I belong, the 
profession of the law. [Laughter.] 

It is well that your interchanging industries and pursuits lean 
upon and help each other, increasing and making possible indeed 
the great prosperity which you enjoy. I hope it is true here that 
everybody is getting a fair return for his labor. We cannot afford 
in America to have any discontented classes, and if fair wages are 
paid for fair work we will have none. [Cheers.] I am not one of 
those who believe that cheapness is the highest good. I am not 
one of those who believe that it can be to my interest, or to yours, 
to purchase in the market anything below the price that pays to 
the men who make it fair living wages. [Great cheering.] We 
should all "live and let live" in this country. [Cheers.] Our 
strength, our promise for the future, our security for social happi- 
ness are in the contentment of the great masses who toil. It is in 
kindly intercourse and relationship between capital and labor, each 
having its appropriate increase, that we shall find the highest good, 
the capitalist and employer everywhere extending to those who 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 283 

work for human rights a kindly consideration with compensatory 
wages. [Cheers. ] 

Now, to these children and Grand Army friends who greet me 
here, I say, thank you and God speed you and good-by. [Cheers.] 



CANTON, OHIO, OCTOBER 13. 

CANTON, the home of Hon. William McKinley, Jr., 
gave the President a most cordial and clamorous greeting. 
The G. A. R. and other organizations were out in full 
force. Among the leading citizens who welcomed the 
Chief Executive were : W. K. Miller, W. L. Alexander, 
Judge J. P. Fawcett, J. M. Campbell, Judge J. W. Under- 
bill, Andrew D. Braden, Col. J. E. Dougherty, Col. J. J. 
Clark, NT. Holloway, and Capt. C. T. Oldfield. 

Major McKinley introduced the President, who ad- 
dressed the large assemblage, saying : 

My Fellow -citizens The inconvenience which you suffer to-day, 
and under which I labor in attempting to speak to you, comes from 
the fact that there are more of you here than can come within the 
range of my voice, but not more, I assure you, my fellow- citizens, 
than I can take and do take most hospitably in my regard. 
[Cheers.] It gives me great pleasure to stand here in the prosper- 
ous and growing city of Canton. I am glad to be at the home of 
one with whom I have been associated in Congressional duties for 
a number of years, and who in all personal relations with me, as I 
believe in all personal relations with you, his neighbors, has won 
my regard, as I am sure he has won yours [cheers] ; and without 
any regard to what may be thought of the McKinley bill, I am sure 
here to-day you are all the good neighbors and friends of William 
McKinley. [Cheers.] Kind-hearted and generous as he seems to 
me, I am sure he has not failed in these social relations, whatever 
judgment you may have of his political opinions, in making the 
masses of the people proud of him as their distinguished friend. 
[Cheers.] 

You have here to-day the representatives of men from the shops, 
from the railroads, from the stores, from the offices of your city. 
You are living together in those helpful and interchanging rela- 
tions which make American life pleasant and which make Ameri- 
can cities prosperous. The foundation of our society is in the 



284 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

motto that every man shall have such wages as will enable him 
to live decently and comfortably, and rear his children as helpful 
and safe and useful American citizens. [Cheers. ] We all desire, 
I am sure every kindly heart that all the relations between 
employers and workmen shall be friendly and kind, I wish every- 
where the associations were closer and employers more thoughtful 
of those who work for them. I am sure there is one thing in 
which we all agree, whatever our views may be on the tariff or 
finance, and that is, there is no prosperity that in the wide, liberal 
sense does not embrace within it every deserving and industrious 
man and woman in the community. [Cheers.] We are here all 
responsible citizens, and we should all be free from anything that 
detracts from our liberties and independence, or that retards the 
development of our intelligence, morality, and patriotism. 

I am glad here to speak to some, too, who were comrades in the 
great struggle of the Civil War [cheers] ; glad that there are here 
soldiers who had part in that great success by which our institu- 
tions were preserved and the control and sovereignty of the Con- 
stitution and law were forever established. [Cheers.] To them, 
and to all such friends, I extend to-day a hearty greeting, and 
would if I could extend a comrade's hand. [Cheers.] And now, 
my friends, the heat of this day, the exhaustion of a dozen speeches, 
made at intervals as we have come along, renders it impossible 
that I should speak to you longer. I beg to thank you all for your 
presence. I beg to hope that, as American citizens, however we 
differ about particular matters of legislation or administration, 
we are all pledged, heart and soul, life and property, to the preser- 
vation of the Union and to the honor of our glorious flag. [Great 
cheering. ] 



ALLIANCE, OHIO, OCTOBER 13. 

AT Alliance the assembly was very large. A Reception 
Committee, headed by Mayor J. M. Still well and compris- 
ing the following leading citizens, met the President: 
Hon. David Fording, H. W. Harris, T. R. Morgan, Win. 
Brinker, Madison Trail, Dr. J. H. Tressel, H. W. Brush, 
W. H. Morgan, Thos. Brocklebank, Chas. Ott, Dr. W. P. 
Preston, E. N. Johnston, J. H. Focht, W. H. Ramsey, W. 
W. Webb, E. E. Scranton, Henry Heer, Jr., and Harper 
Brosius. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 285 

Chairman Fording delivered a welcoming address and 
introduced President Harrison, who in response said : 

My Fellow -citizens There is nothing in which the American 
people are harder upon their public servants than in the insatiable 
demand they make for public speech. I began talking before 
breakfast this morning, and have been kept almost continuously at 
it through the day, with scarcely time for lunch ; and yet, as long 
as the smallest residuum of strength or voice is left I cannot fail 
to recognize these hearty greetings and to say some appreciative 
word in return. I do very much thank you, and I do very deeply 
feel the cordial enthusiasm with which you have received me. It 
is very pleasant to know that as American citizens we love our 
Government and its institutions, and are all ready to pay appro- 
priate respect to any public officer who endeavors in such light as 
he has to do his public duty. This homage is not withheld by 
one's political opponents, and it is pleasant to know that in all 
things that affect the integrity and honor and perpetuity of our 
Government we rise above party ties and considerations. The 
interests of this Government are lodged with you. There is not 
much that a President can do to shape its policy. He is charged 
under the Constitution with the duty of making suggestions to 
Congress, but, after all, legislation originates with the Congress of 
the United States, and the policy of our laws is directed by it. 
The President may veto, but he cannot frame a bill. Therefore it 
is of great interest to you, and to all our people, that you should 
choose such men to represent you in the Congress of the United 
States as will faithfully promote those policies to which you have 
given your intelligent adhesion. This country of ours is secure, 
and social order is maintained, because the great masses of our 
people live in contentment and some good measure of comfort. 
God forbid that we should ever reach the condition which has been 
reached by some other countries, where all that is before many of 
their population is the question of bare subsistence, where it is 
simply "how shall I find bread for to-day?" No hopes of accumu- 
lation ; no hope of comfort ; no hope of education, or higher things 
for the children that are to come after them. God be blessed that 
that is not our condition in America ! Here is a chance to every 
man ; here fair wages for fair work, with education for the masses, 
with no classes or distinctions to keep down the ambitious young. 
We have a happy lot. Let us not grumble if now and then things 
are not prosperous as they might be. Let us think of the average, 
and if this year's crop is not as full as we could wish, we have 



286 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

already in these green fields the promise of a better one to come. 
Let us not doubt that we are now as I have seen the evidence of 
it in a very extended trip through the West entering upon an up 
grade in all departments of business. [Cheers. ] Everywhere I 
went, in the great city of St. Louis and the smaller manufacturing 
towns through which we passed, there was one story to tell and 
I have no doubt it is true in your midst every wheel is running 
and every hand is busy. [Cheers.] I believe the future is bright 
before us for increasingly better times for all, and as it comes I 
hope it may be so generally diffused that its kindly touch may be 
felt by every one who hears me, and that its beneficent help may 
come into every home. [Prolonged cheers. ] 



KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI, APRIL 14, 1891. 
Letter to Western States Commercial Congress. 

THE first Western States Commercial Congress met at 
Kansas City, Mo., April 14, 1891. Delegations composed 
mainly of business men, appointed by the Governors of the 
various States and Territories, were present from the fol- 
lowing Western and Southern States and Territories: 
Alabama, California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, 
Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, 
Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, 
Tennessee, Texas, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming, 
New Mexico, and Oklahoma. On motion of Governor 
Francis, of Missouri, State Senator H. B. Kelly, of Kan- 
sas, was chosen Chairman of the Congress and Hon. 
John W. Springer, of Illinois, Secretary. Letters of 
regret were read from those who had been specially in- 
vited to attend the Congress. Among the letters was 
the following from President Harrison : 

WASHINGTON, April 7. 
HON. H. B. KELLY, Chairman, Kansas City, Mo. : 

DEAR SIR I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your 
letter of March 24, inviting me to attend the meeting of the com- 
mercial congress of the Western agricultural and mining States, to 
assemble in Kansas City, April 14 to 19, for the purpose of consid- 



I^AERISON'S SPEECHES. 287 

ering measures affecting the general agricultural and business 
prosperity of the Mississippi Valley States. I regret that it will 
not be possible for me to accept this invitation. If I am not 
detained here by public business I shall probably start about that 
time for the Pacific coast by the Southern route ; and if that pur- 
pose should be thwarted it will be by considerations that will also 
prevent the acceptance of your invitation. 

A public discussion of the conditions affecting agricultural and 
business prosperity cannot but be helpful, if it is conducted on 
broad lines and is hospitable to differences of opinion. The ex- 
traordinary development of the productions of agriculture which 
has taken place in a recent period in this country by reason of the 
rapid enlargement of the area of tillage under the favoring land 
laws of the United States, very naturally has called attention to 
the value, and, indeed, the necessity of larger markets. I am one 
of those who believe that a home market is necessarily the best 
market for the producer, as it measurably emancipates him in pro- 
portion to its nearness from the exactions of the transportation 
companies. If the farmer could deliver his surplus produce to the 
consumer out of his farm-wagon his independence and his profits 
would be larger and surer. It seems to me quite possible to attain 
a largely increased market for our staple farm products without 
impairing our home market by opening the manufacturing trades 
to a competition in which foreign producers, paying a lower scale 
of wages, would have the advantage. A policy that would reduce 
the number of our people engaged in mechanical pursuits or 
diminish their ability to purchase food products by reducing wages 
cannot be helpful to those now engaged in agriculture. The farm- 
ers insist that the prices of farm products have been too low below 
the point of fair living and fair profits. I think so too, but I vent- 
ure to remind them that the plea they make involves the conces- 
sion that things may be too cheap. A coat may be too cheap as 
well as corn. The farmer who claims a good living and profits for 
his work should concede the same to eveiy other man and woman 
who toils. 

I look with great confidence to the completion of further recip- 
rocal trade arrangements, especially with the Central and South 
American states, as furnishing new and large markets for meats, 
breadstuffs, and an important line of manufactured products. 
Persistent and earnest efforts are also being made, and a consider- 
able measure of success has already been attained, to secure the 
removal of restrictions which we have regarded as unjust upon the 
admission and use of our meats and live cattle in some of the 



288 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

European countries. I look with confidence to a successful termi- 
nation of the pending negotiations, because I cannot but assume 
that when the absolutely satisfactory character of the sanitary 
inspections now provided by our law is made known to those for- 
eign states they will promptly relax their discriminating regula- 
tions. No effort and none of the powers vested in the Executive 
will be left unused to secure an end which is so desirable. 

Your deliberations will probably also embrace consideration of 
the question of the volume and character of our currency. It will 
not be possible and would not be appropriate for me in this letter 
to enter upon any elaborate discussion of these questions. One or 
two things I will say, and first, I believe that every person who 
thoughtfully considers the question will agree with me upon a 
proposition which is at the base of all my consideration of the 
currency question, namely, that any dollar, paper or coin, that is 
issued by the United States must be made and kept in its commer- 
cial uses as good as any other dollar. So long as any paper money 
issued or authorized by the United States Government is accepted 
in commercial use as the equivalent of the best coined dollar that 
we issue, and so long as every coined dollar, whether of silver or 
gold, is assured of an equivalent value in commercial use, there 
need be no fear as to an excess of money. The more such money 
the better. But, on the other hand, when any issue of paper or 
coined dollars is, in buying and selling, rated at a less value than 
other paper or coined dollars, we have passed the limit of safe 
experiment in finance. If we have dollars of differing values, only 
the poorest w-ill circulate. The farmer and the laborer, who are 
not in hourly touch with the ticker of the telegraph, will require, 
above all other classes of our community, a dollar of full value. 
Fluctuations and depreciations are always at the first cost of these 
classes of our community. The banker and the speculator antici- 
pate, discount, and often profit by such fluctuations. It is very 
easy, under the impulse of excitement of the stress of money strin- 
gency, to fall into the slough of a depreciated or irredeemable 
currency. It is a very painful and slow business to get out when 
once in. 

I have always believed, and do now more than ever believe, in 
bimetallism, and favor the fullest use of silver in connection with 
our currency that is compatible with the maintenance of the parity 
of the gold and silver dollars in their commercial uses. Nothing, 
in my judgment, would so much retard the restoration of the free 
use of silver by the commercial nations of the world as legislation 
adopted by us that would result in placing this country upon a basis 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 289 

of silver monometallism. The legislation adopted by the first ses- 
sion of the Fifty-first Congress I was assured by leading advocates of 
free coinage representatives of the silver States would promptly 
and permanently bring silver to $1.29 per ounce and keep it there. 
That anticipation has not been realized. Our larger use of silver 
has apparently, and for reasons not yet agreed upon, diminished 
the demand for silver in China and India. 

In view of the fact that it is impossible in this letter to elaborate, 
and that propositions only can be stated, I am aware that what I 
have said may be assailed in points where it is easily defensible, 
but where I have not attempted to present the argument. 

I have not before, excepting in an official way, expressed myself 
on these subjects ; but feeling the interest, dignity, and impor- 
tance of the assemblage in whose behalf you speak, I have ventured, 
without bigotry of opinion, without any assumption of infalli- 
bility, but as an American citizen, having a most earnest desire 
that every individual and every public act of my life shall conduce 
to the glory of our country and the prosperity of all our people, to 
submit these views for your consideration. 

Very respectfully, BENJAMIN HARRISON. 



ACROSS THE CONTINENT, 1891. 

PRESIDENT HARRISON started on his memorable jour- 
ney to Texas and the Pacific Coast States at 12 :15 o'clock 
Tuesday morning, April 14,1891. The party consisted 
of the President and Mrs. Harrison, Postmaster- General 
John Wanamaker, Secretary of Agriculture J. M. Rusk, 
Mr. and Mrs. Russell B. Harrison, Mrs. J. R. McKee, Mrs. 
Dimmick, Maj. J. P. Sanger, Military Aid to the Presi- 
dent, Marshal Daniel M. Ransdell, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. 
Boyd, Mr. E. F. Tibbott, stenographer to the President, and 
Alfred J. Clark, O. P. Austin, and R. Y. Oulahan, press 
representatives. At Chattanooga the party was joined 
by the President's younger brother, Mr. Carter B. Harrison, 
and wife, and at Los Angeles by Mr. C. L. Saunders. 

The train that safely carried the head of the Nation on this 
great tour was a marvel of mechanical perfection unrivalled 

19 



290 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

in equipment. Mr. Geo. W. Boyd, General Assistant Pas- 
senger Agent of the Pennsylvania Railroad, prepared the 
schedule and had charge of the train throughout. 

No predecessor of President Harrison ever attempted 
the great task of travelling 10,000 miles, or delivering 140 
impromptu addresses within the limit of 30 days an 
achievement remarkable in many respects. His long- 
extended itinerary was an almost continuous series of re- 
ceptions and responses, and there is no instance where any 
man in public life, subjected to the requirements of a 
similar hospitable ordeal, has acquitted himself with 
greater dignity, tact, and good sense both as to the matter 
and manner of his utterances. This series of speeches is 
in marked contrast with his incisive utterances during the 
campaign of 1888, and disclose General Harrison's ability 
to seize the vital topic of the moment and present it to a 
mixed audience in such a way that while consistent with 
his own record he yet raises no antagonisms. 



ROANOKE, VIRGINIA, APRIL 14. 

LEAVING Washington shortly after midnight, the train 
passed through Lynchburg at an early hour and arrived at 
Roanoke, its first stopping-point, at 8 : 50 A.M. Seemingly 
the entire population of the enterprising city was out to 
welcome the President to Old Virginia. Prominent among 
those who greeted the party were Mr. and Mrs. Charles G. 
Eddy, W. B. Bevill, John A. Pack, Allen Hull, A. S. As- 
berry, and John D. Smith. 

After shaking hands with several hundred, President 
Harrison, in response to repeated calls, spoke as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens I desire to thank you very sincerely for this 
friendly greeting. The State of Virginia is entitled, I think, to 
high estimation among the States for its great history for the 
contribution it has made to the great story of our common country. 
This fact you discovered, I think, long ago. For personal reasons 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 291 

I have great affection for Virginia. It is the State of my fathers. 
1 am glad this morning to congratulate you upon the marvellous 
development which has come, and the greater which is coming, to 
your commonwealth. 

You not only have an illustrious story behind you, but before 
you prospects of development in wealth and prosperity, in all that 
makes a great State, such as never entered into the imagination of 
those who laid the foundation of the commonwealth. [Cheers. ] 
You are arousing now to a realization of the benefits of diversity 
of industries. 

In the olden time Virginia was a plantation State. I hope she 
may never cease to have large agricultural interests. It is the 
foundation of stable society, but I rejoice with you that she has 
added to agriculture the mining of coal and iron, and, bringing 
these from their beds, is producing all the products that enter into 
the uses of life. 

In this is the secret of that great growth illustrating what I see 
about me here, and the promise of a future which none of us can 
fully realize. In all of these things we have a common interest, 
and I beg to assure you that in everything that tends to the social 
order of your people and the development and increased prosperity 
of the State of Virginia I am in most hearty sympathy with you 
all. [Cheers.] 



BRISTOL, TENNESSEE, APRIL 14. 

THE town of Radf ord, Ya. , acknowledged the honor of 
the President's visit in a cordial way. General Harrison 
shook hands with many of the inhabitants. At Bristol, 
Tenn., a crowd of several thousand greeted the party at 
the station. The President was met and escorted to a high 
bluff overlooking the city by Hon. Harvey C. Wood, at the 
head of the following committee of prominent citizens : 
Col. E. C. Manning, Hon. I. C. Fowler, Judge M. B. Wood, 
A. S. McNeil, W. A. Sparger, A. C. Smith, C. H. Slack, 
Rockingham Paul, Esq., Capt. J. H. Wood, Judge C. J. 
St. John, Col. Nat M. Taylor, and John H. Caldwell. 

Judge Wood made the welcoming address and intro- 
duced the President, who, in response, said : 



292 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

My Fellow -citizens I have found not only pleasure but instruc- 
tion in riding to-day through a portion of the State of Virginia 
that is feeling in a very striking way the impulse of a new devel- 
opment. It is extremely gratifying to notice that those hidden 
sources of wealth which were so long unobserved and so long 
unused are now being found, and that these regions, once so retired, 
occupied by a pastoral people, having difficult access to the centres 
of population, are now being rapidly transformed into busy manu 
facturing and commercial centres. 

In the early settlement of this city the emigrants poured over the 
Alleghanies and the Blue Ridge like waters over an obstructing 
ledge, seeking the fertile and attractive farm regions of the great 
West. They passed unobserved these marvellous hidden stores of 
wealth which are now being brought into use. Having filled those 
great basins of the West, they are now turning back to Virginia 
and West Virginia and ^Tennessee to bring about a development 
and production for which the time is ripe, and which will surprise 
the world. [Cheers.] 

It has not been long since every implement of iron, domestic, agri- 
cultural, and mechanical, was made in other States. The iron point 
of the wooden mould-board plough with which the early farmers 
here turned the soil came from distant States. But now Virginia 
and Tennessee are stirring their energies to participate in a large 
degree in mechanical productions and in the great awakening of 
American influence which will lift the Nation to a place among 
the nations of the world never before attained. [Cheers.] 

What hinders us, secure in the market of our own great popula- 
tion, from successful competition in the markets of the world? 
What hinders our people, possessing every element of material 
wealth and endowed with inventive genius and energy unsurpassed, 
from having again upon the seas a merchant marine flying the flag 
of our country and carrying its commerce into every sea and every 
port? 

I am glad to stand for this moment among you, glad to express 
my sympathy with you in every enterprise that tends to develop 
your State and local communities ; glad to stand with you upon 
the one common platform of respect to the Constitution and the law, 
differing in our policies as to what the law should be, but pledged 
with a common devotion and obedience to law as the majority 
shall by their expressions make it. 

I shall carry away from here a new impulse to public duty, a 
new inspiration as a citizen with you of a country whose greatness 
is only dawning. And may I now express the pleasure I shall 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 293 

have in every good that comes to you as a community and to each 
of you as individuals? May peace, prosperity, and social order 
dwell in your communities, and the fear and love of God in every 
home ! [Cheers. ] 



JOHNSON CITY, TENNESSEE, APRIL 14. 

THE President was welcomed at Johnson City by 3,000 
people. S. K. N. Patton Post, G. A. R., with Maj. A. 
Cantwell, J. M. Erwin, and W. Hodges, acted as a guard of 
honor to the Chief Magistrate. The committee to receive 
and entertain the President comprised : Mayor Ike T. 
Jobe, Hon. W. G. Mathes, President Board of Trade; Hon. 
T. F. Singiser, Hon. A. B. Bowman, Hon. B. F. Childress, 
Thos. E. Matson, Jas. M. Martin, J. C. Campbell, H. C. 
Chandler, J. W. Cox, C. W. Marsh, L. W. Wood, J. A. 
Mathes, H. W. Hargraves, J. F. Crumley, M. N. Johnson, 
and W. W. Kirkpatrick. 

Congressman Alfred A. Taylor presented the President, 
who spoke as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens The office of President of the United States 
is one of very high honor and is also one of very high responsi- 
bility. No man having conscientiously at heart the good of the 
whole people, whose interests are, under the law, in some degree 
committed to his care, can fail to feel a most oppressive sense of 
inadequacy when he comes to the discharge of these high functions. 

Elected under a system of government which gives to the major- 
ity of our people who have expressed their wishes through consti- 
tutional methods the right to choose their public servants, when 
he has taken the oath that inducts him into office he becomes the 
servant of all the people, and while he may pursue the advocacy of 
those measures to which the people have given their approval by 
his choice, he should always act and speak with a reserve and a 
respect for the opinion of others that shall not alienate from him 
the good- will of his fellow -citizens, without regard to political 
belief. 

I shall not speak of what has been done, but I have a supreme 
regard for the honor of the Nation, a profound respect for the Con- 
stitution, and a most sincere desire to meet the just expectations 



294 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

of my fellow- citizens. I am not one of those who believe that the 
good of any class can be permanently and largely attained except 
upon lines which promote the good of all our people. 

I rejoice in the Union of the States. I rejoice to stand here in 
East Tennessee among a people who so conspicuously and at such 
sacrifice during the hour of the Nation's peril stood by the flag and 
adhered to their convictions of public duty [cheers] ; and I am 
especially glad to be able to say that those who, following other 
views of duty, took sides against us in that struggle, without di- 
vision in voice or heart to-day praise Almighty God that He pre- 
served us one Nation. [Cheers.] 

There is no man, whatever his views upon the questions that 
then divided us, but, in view of the marvellous benefits which are 
disseminating themselves over these States, must also bless God 
to-day that slavery no longer exists and that the Union of free 
States is indissoluble. [Cheers.] 

What is it that has stirred the public of this great region, that 
has kindled these furnace fires, that has converted these retired 
and isolated farms upon which you and your ancestors dwelt into 
centres of trade and mechanical pursuits, bringing a market close 
to the door of the farmer and bringing prosperity into every home? 
It is that we have no line of division between the States ; it is 
that these impulses of freedom and enterprise, once limited in 
their operations, are now common in all the States. We have a 
common heritage. The Confederate soldier has a full, honorable, 
and ungrudged participation in all the benefits of a great and just 
Government. [Cheers. ] 

I do not doubt to-day that these would be among the readiest of 
our population to follow the old flag if it should be assailed from 
any quarter. [Cheers.] 

Now, my fellow-countrymen, I can pause but a moment with 
you. It does me good to look into your faces, to receive these 
evidences of your good-will. I hope I maj r have guidance and 
courage in such time as remains to me in public life conscien- 
tiously to serve the public good and the common glory of our 
beloved country. [Great cheering.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 295 

JONESBORO, TENNESSEE, APRIL 14. 

AT Jonesboro, the oldest city in Tennessee and the an- 
cient capital of the State of Franklin, the President was 
the recipient of a most cordial welcome. All the residents 
of the town seemed to be present. Among the prominent 
citizens who participated in the greeting were : Mayor I. 
E. Reeves, Judge Newton Hacker, R. M. May, Col. T. 
H. Reeves, A. J. Patterson, S. H. Anderson, Capt. A. S. 
Deaderick, James H. Epps, Jacob Leab, S. H. L. Cooper, 
Judge A. J. Brown, John D. Cox, E. H. West, J. A. Feb- 
uary, T. B. Hacker, R. N". Dosser, Capt. Geo. McPherson, 
and Chancellor J. P. Smith. 

General Harrison's allusion to John Sevier and his strug- 
gle to establish the State of Franklin elicited hearty ap- 
plause. He spoke as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens We tarry but a moment at this ancient and 
interesting city, whose story goes back, I think, to the establish- 
ment of the State of Franklin, of which perhaps not all of you, 
certainly not these little ones, ever heard, which John Sevier 
attempted to set up as an independent commonwealth. 

But yet it is not of antiquity that I desire to speak, for ancient 
history is not of* the greatest interest to you now. The Scripture 
speaks, I think my Postmaster-General is near, and if I fall into 
error will correct me [laughter] of a time when the old things 
shall pass away and all things shall become new. Tennessee is 
realizing that beatitude ; the old things, the old way of doing 
things, the stiff clay and steep mountain roads have passed away 
and the steam-car has come. 

The old times of isolation in these valleys, when these pioneers, 
some of whom I see, made their frontier homes, have passed away, 
and influences from the outside have come ; life has been made 
easier to men and easier to the toiling women who used to carry 
the water from the spring at the bottom of the hill in a piggin, 
but who now by modern appliances have it brought into the 
kitchen. 

You have come to know now that not only the surface of the soil 
has wealth in it, but that under the surface there are vast sources 
of wealth to gladden the homes of your people and to bring with 
new industries a thrifty population. But of all these old things 



296 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

that have passed away and the new ones that have come, I am 
sure you are exultantly glad in this region, where there was so 
much martyrdom for the flag, so much exile, so much suffering, 
that the one Union, the one Constitution, and the one flag might 
be preserved, to know that those old strifes have passed away, and 
that a period of fraternity has come when all men are for the flag 
and all for the Constitution, when it has been forever put out of 
the minds of all people that this Union can be dissolved or this 
Constitution overthrown. [Great cheering. ] 

On all these new things I congratulate the citizens of Tennessee. 
Turn your faces to the morning, for the sun is lightening the hill- 
tops ; there is coming to our country a great growth, an extraor- 
dinary development, and you are to be full participants in it all. 
While other nations of the world have reached a climax in their 
home development, and are struggling to parcel out remote regions 
of the earth that their commerce may be extended, we have here 
prodigious resources that are yet to be touched by the finger of 
development, and we have the power, if we will, to put our flag 
again on the sea and to share in the world's commerce. [Cheers.] 



GREENVILLE, TENNESSEE, APRIL 14. 

THE home of President Andrew Johnson Greenville, 
Tenn. gave the President a cordial greeting through its 
welcoming committee, consisting of Mayor John M. Brab- 
son, Aldermen A. 1ST. Shown, J. D. Britton, E. C. Miller, 
and W.H.Williams; also Burnside Post, G. A. R., W. 
T. Mitchell Commander ; A. J. Frazier, and the children 
of the public schools, in charge of Principal L. McWhisler. 

President Harrison said : 

My Fellow -citizens The arrangements for our journey will not 
permit me to tarry with you long. I thank you most sincerely for 
this cordial demonstration. I rejoice to see in the hands of the 
children here that banner of glory which is the symbol of our 
greatness and the promise of our security. 

I am glad that by the common consent of all our people, without 
any regard to past differences, we have once and forever struck 
hands upon the proposition that from the lakes to the gulf, from 
the St. Lawrence to the Bay of California, there shall be one flag 
and one Constitution. [Great cheering.] The story that it brings 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 297 

to us from the time of its adoption as our national emblem is one 
in which we may all find instruction and inspiration. It is the 
flag of the free. 

It symbolizes a government most aptly expressed by the greatest 
statesman of the people, Abraham Lincoln, to be "a government 
of the people, by the people, and for the people" a government 
that spreads a sky of hope above the head of every child, that lias 
abolished all class distinctions, and has opened all places of emi- 
nence and usefulness in the state and in commerce to the ambitious 
and energetic young man. 

This city has given to the country a conspicuous illustration in 
your distinguished former fellow- citizen, Andrew Johnson, of what 
free institutions may do, and what an aspiring young man may 
do against all adverse conditions in life. To every one perfect 
freedom is guaranteed within the limits of due respect to the rights 
of others. Thanking you again for this presence and friendly 
greeting, I bid you good-by. 



MORRISTOWN, TENNESSEE, APRIL 14. 

AT Morristown several thousand citizens and residents 
of Hamblen, Cocke, Grainger, and Jefferson counties as- 
sembled to greet the President. The Reception Commit- 
tee was Mayor W. S. Dickson, R. L. Gaut, H. Williams, 
W. H. Maze, A. S. Jenkins, and James A. Goddard. At 
the conclusion of the President's speech an old grizzled 
veteran stepped upon the platform, and reaching out his 
hand said : " Mr. President, I was in that Atlanta campaign, 
on the other side, and helped to keep you back, but now 
the war is over I'm proud to take your hand." The Presi- 
dent showed great pleasure at this greeting, and held the 
old soldier's hand several minutes, the spectators mean- 
while cheering lustily. A large number of ex- Confederates 
witnessed this incident. 

President Harrison's speech on the occasion was as 
follows : 

My Fellow citizens It will not be possible for me to speak to you 
for more than a moment, and yet I cannot refuse, in justice to my 



298 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

own feelings, to express my deep appreciation of your cordial 
reception. I visit to-day for the first time East Tennessee, but it 
is a region in which I have always felt a profound interest and for 
whose people I have always entertained a most sincere respect. 

It seems to be true in the history of man that those who are 
called to dwell among mountain peaks, in regions where the con- 
vulsions of nature have lifted the rocks toward the sky, have 
always been characterized by a personal independence of character, 
by a devotion to liberty, and by courage in defence of their rights 
and their homes. The legends that cluster about the mountain 
peaks of Scotland and the patriotic devotion that makes memorable 
the passes of Switzerland have been repeated in the mountains of 
East Tennessee. 

In those periods of great struggles; when communications were 
difficult and often interrupted, the hearts of the people of Indiana 
w T ent out to the beleaguered friends of the Union beyond the Cum- 
berland Gap. I am glad to know that it is no longer difficult to 
reach you for succor or for friendly social intercourse, for travel 
has been quickened arid made easy. Some one mentioned just now 
that it was only four hours and a half from Chattanooga to Atlanta. 
That is not my recollection [laughter] ; I think we spent as many 
months making that trip. [Laughter.] 

I am glad to know that now, by the consent of all your people, 
without regard to the differences that separated you then, your 
highways are open to all of us, without prejudice ; that your hearts 
are true to the Union and the Constitution, and that the high sense 
of public duty which then characterized you still abides among 
your people. May your valleys be always full of prosperity, your 
homes the abode of affection and love, and of all that makes the 
American home the best of all homes and the sure nursery of good 
citizens. [Cheers.] 



KNOXVILLE, TENNESSEE, APRIL 14. 

ON the evening of the first day of the journey Knoxville 
was reached. The distinguished travellers were welcomed 
by a citizens' committee, composed of William Rule, Chair- 
man ; Col. E. J. Sanford, Hon. J. C. J. Williams, Hon. L. 
C. Houk, Col. J. Vandeventer, M. L. Ross, John T. Hearn, 
Alex. Summers, Wm. M. Baxter, F. A. Moses, John W. 
Conner, B. R. Strong, Hon. Peter Kern, Capt. W- P. Cham- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 209 

berlain, Col. J. B. Minnis, W. H. Simmonds, John L. 
Hudiburg, Capt. A. J. Albers, Hon. J. W. Caldwell, and 
W. P. Smith. After visiting Fort Sanders and viewing 
the battle-field by twilight the party returned to the city, 
where a vast audience was assembled. 

Col. William A. Henderson introduced the President, 
who spoke as follows : 

My Fellow-citizens It gives me pleasure to visit this historical 
city a city that has given to the country many men who have 
been eminent in its councils and brought to the Nation they served 
and to the people who called them into the public service great 
honor. I am glad to visit East Tennessee, the scene of that early 
immigration and of those early struggles of men who, for vigor of 
intellect, strength of heart, and devotion to republican principles, 
were among the most conspicuous of the early pioneers of the 
West and Southwest. 

I am glad to know that that deep devotion to the cause of the 
Union which manifested itself in the early contributions of Ten- 
nessee to the armies that went to the defence of the homes of the 
Northwest abides still in these valleys and crowns with its glory 
and lustre every hill -top of the Alleghanies. You are feeling now 
a material development that is interesting and pleasing to all your 
fellow-citizens of the States. 

I beg to say to you that whoever supposes that there is anywhere 
in the Northern States any jealousy of this great material progress 
which the South is making wholly misconceives the friendly heart 
of the people of the North. It is my wish, as I am sure it is the 
wish of all with whom I associate in political life, that the streams 
of prosperity in the South may run bank-full ; that in everything 
that promotes the prosperity of the State, the security and comfort 
of the community, and the happiness of the individual home, your 
blessings may be full and unstinted. 

We live in a Government of law. The compact of our organiza- 
tion is that a majority of our people, taking those methods which 
are prescribed by the Constitution and law, shall determine our 
public policies and choose our rulers. It is our solemn compact ; 
it cannot safely be broken. We may safely differ about policies ; 
we may safely divide upon the question as to what shall be the 
law ; but when the law is once enacted no community can safely 
divide on the question of implicit obedience to the law. 

It is the one rule of conduct for us all. I may not choose as 



300 HAREISON'S SPEECHES. 

President what laws I will enforce, and the citizen may not 
choose what laws he will obey. Upon this broad principle our 
institutions rest. If we save it, all the agitations and tumults of 
our campaigns, exciting though they may be, will be harmless to 
move our Government from its safe and abiding foundation. 

If we abandon it, all is gone. Therefore, my appeal everywhere 
is to hold the law in veneration and reverence. We have no other 
king , public officers are your servants ; but in the august and 
majestic presence of the law we all uncover and bow the knee. 

May every prosperity attend you. May this ground, made mem- 
orable by one of the most gallant assaults and by one of the most 
successful defences in the story of the war, never again be stained 
by blood ; but may our people, in one common love of one flag and 
one Constitution, in a common and pervading fealty to the great 
principles of our Government, go on to achieve material wealth, 
and in social development, in intelligence, in piety, in everything 
that makes a nation great and a people happy, secure all the Lord 
has in His mind for a Nation that He has so conspicuously blessed. 
[Great and prolonged cheering.] 



CHATTANOOGA, TENNESSEE, APRIL 15. 

CHATTANOOGA was reached Wednesday morning at 8 : 30 
o'clock. The President was received with marked cor- 
diality and enthusiasm by the several thousand citizens as- 
sembled at the station. At this point the party was joined 
by the President's younger brother, Mr. Carter B. Harrison, 
and his wife, of Murfreesboro, Tenn. The following 
prominent citizens comprised the committee that received 
the President Hon. J. B. Merriam, Mayor of Chattanoo- 
ga; Hon. H. Clay Evans, Judge David M. Key, H. S. 
Chamberlain, D. J. O'Connell, Henophen Wheeler, John 
Crimmins, Maj. J. F. Shipp, Col. Tomlinson Fort, John 
T. Wilder, Adolph S. Ochs, John B. Nicklin, L. G. 
Walker, A. J. Gahagan, C. E. James, F. G. Montague, H. 
M. Wiltse, John W. Stone, J. B. Pound, E. W. Mattson, 
and Judge Whiteside. 

The committee escorted the distinguished guests to the 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 301 

summit of Lookout Mountain. At the Lookout Inn Pres- 
ident Harrison pointed out to his immediate companions 
the spot where he was encamped for a time during the war. 
From the mountain the party was driven about the city, 
which was profusely decorated. All the school children in 
the city stood in front of their respective schools and waved 
flags and shouted as the President and Mrs. Harrison 
drove by. Assembled around the platform where the gen- 
eral reception was held were many thousand people. 

Ex-Congressman Evans, amid deafening cheers, intro- 
duced the President, who said : 

My Fellow -citizens I have greatly enjoyed the opportunity of 
seeing Chattanooga again. I saw it last as the camp of a great 
army. Its only industries were military, its stores were munitions 
of war, its pleasant hill-tops were torn with rifle-pits, its civic 
population the attendants of an army campaign. I see it to-day a 
great city, a prosperous commercial centre. I see these hill tops, 
then bristling with guns, crowned with happy homes ; I see these 
streets, through which the worn veterans of many campaigns then 
marched, made glad with the presence of happy children. Every- 
thing is changed. 

The wand of an enchanter has touched these hills, and old Look- 
out, that frowned over the valleys from which the plough had been 
withdrawn, now looks upon the peaceful industries of countiy life. 
All things are changed, except that the flag that then floated over 
Chattanooga floats here still. [Cheers.] It has passed from the 
hand of the veterans, who bore it to victory in battle, into the 
hands of the children, who lift it as an emblem of peace. [Cheers. ] 
Then Chattanooga was war's gateway to the South ; now it is the 
gateway of peace, commerce, and prosperity. [Cheers. ] 

There have been two conquests one with arms, the other with 
the gentle influences of peace and the last is greater than the first. 
[Cheers.] The first is only great as it made way for that which 
followed ; and now, one again in our devotion to the Constitution 
and the laws, one again in the determination that the question of 
the severance of the federal relations of these States shall never 
again be raised, we have started together upon a career of pros- 
perity and development that has as yet given only the signs of 
what is to come. 

I congratulate Tennessee, I congratulate this prosperous city, I 



302 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

congratulate all those who through this gateway give and receive 
the interchanges of friendly commerce, that there is being wrought 
throughout our country a unification by commerce, a unification 
by similarity of institutions and habits, that shall in time erase 
every vestige of difference, and shall make us, not only in con- 
templation of the law, but in heart and sympathy, one people. 
[Cheers. ] 

I thank you for your cordial greeting to-day, and hope for the 
development of the industries of our country and for the settling 
of our institutions upon the firm base of a respect for the law. In 
this glad springtime, while the gardens are full of blossoms and 
the fields give promise of another harvest, and your homes are full 
of happy children, let us thank God for what He has wrought for 
us as a people, and, each in our place, resolutely maintain the 
great idea upon which everything is bnilded the rule of the 
majority, constitutionally expressed, and the absolute equality of 
all men before the law. [Cheers. ] 



CARTERSVILLE, GEORGIA, APRIL 15. 

THE first stop after crossing the Georgia State line was 
Cartersville, where a citizens' committee, headed by M. 
G. Dobbins, W. H. Howard, and Walter Akerman, re- 
ceived the President, who in response to repeated calls 
said: 

My Friends I am very much obliged to you for coming here in 
this shower to show your good-will. I can only assure you that I 
entirely reciprocate your good feelings. I have had great pleasure 
to-day in passing over some parts of the old route that I took once 
before under very different and distressing circumstances, to find 
how easy it is, when we are all agreed, to travel between Chatta- 
nooga and Atlanta. I am glad to see the evidences of prosperity 
that abound through your country, and I wish you in all your 
relations every human good. [Cheers. ] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 303 



ATLANTA, GEORGIA, APRIL 15. 

"What War has ravaged Commerce can bestow, 
And he returns a Friend who came a Foe. " 

THE presidential party travelled over the Western and 
Atlantic route from Chattanooga to Atlanta, passing 
through historic battle-grounds with which the President 
and other members of his party were once familiar. Gen- 
eral Harrison actively participated in the Atlanta cam- 
paign and held the chief command at the battle of Resaca. 
It was with keen interest, therefore, that he viewed this 
memorable field in company with Marshal Ransdell, who 
lost an arm there. Short stops were made at the battle-fields 
of Chickamauga, Tunnel Hill, Resaca, Dug Gap, and Ken- 
nesaw. At Marietta the President was met by a committee 
from the city government of Atlanta, consisting of Mayor 
W. A. Hemphill, Aldermen Hutchison, Woodward, Rice, 
Shropshire, and Middlebrooks ; Councilmen Murph} r , Hen- 
drix, Lambert, Holbrook, Sawtell, King, Turner, McBride, 
and City Clerk Woodward. These officials were ac- 
companied by a special committee of citizens representing 
the Chamber of Commerce and the veteran associations, 
comprising ex-Gov. R. B. Bullock, Gen. J. R. Lewis, Capt. 
John Milledge, Julius L. Brown, S. M. Inman, Hon. J. T. 
Glenn, and Hon. W. L. Calhoun. 

A vast throng greeted the President's arrival. Gov. 
William J. Northen and the other members of the Recep- 
tion Committee received the party. Governor Northen 
said : " I am glad to welcome your excellency to the 
State of Georgia. You will find among us a loyal and 
hospitable people, and in their name I welcome you to the 
State." 

Replying, the President said it gave him great pleasure 
to visit the Empire State of the South, the wonderful evi- 
dences of the prosperity of which were manifest in the stir- 
ring city of Atlanta. 



304 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

In the evening the President and his party were tendered 
a reception at the Capitol by Governor JSTorthen and Mayor 
Hemphill, assisted by Chief- Justice Bleckley, Judge Sim- 
mons, Judge Lumpkin, Gen. Phil. Cook, Comptroller- 
General Wright, Judge Van Epps, and the following 
prominent citizens : E. P. Chamberlin, J. W. Rankin, G. 
T. Dodd, Judge Hook, R. J. Lowry, J. W. English, Hoke 
Smith, Phil. Breitenbucher, J. G. Oglesby, John Silvey, 
Capt. Harry Jackson, Jacob Haas, W. L. Peel, B. F. Ab- 
bott, John Fitten, Joe Hirsch, George Hillyer, A. A. Mur- 
phy, P. Romare, J. B. Goodwin, David Wyly, G. H. Tan- 
ner, Dr. Henry S. Wilson, J. F. Edwards, M. A. Hardin, 
A. J. McBride, John J. Doonan, Hugh Inman, J. H. Moun- 
tain, M. C. Kiser, E. P. Howell, A. E. Buck, Edgar 
Angier, Col. L. M. Terrell, S. A. Darnell, John C. Manly, 
T. B. Neal, Walter Johnson, Major Minis, W. R. Brown, 
Col. T. P. Westmoreland, Albert Cox, Clarence Knowles, 
H. M. Atkinson, J. C. Kimball, C. A. Collier, Rhode Hill, 
Howard Van Epps, W. H. Venable, G. W. Adair, F. T. 
Ryan, L. P. Thomas, H. F, Starke, W. A. Wright, Amos 
Fox, R. L. Rodgers, H. C. Divine, W. M. Scott, A. B. Car- 
rier, W. B. Miles, T. C. Watson, and L. B. Nelson. 

At the conclusion of the reception the President, accom- 
panied by Mayor Hemphill, Hon. A. L. Kontz, and Super- 
intendent Slaton, visited the night school, where the boys 
gave him an enthusiastic welcome and called for a speech. 

The President said : 

I am glad to be with you to-night. Having but a few minutes 
to spare I would offer a few words of encouragement to you. Most, 
if not all, of you are here at night because your circumstances are 
such that the day must be given to toil. The day is your earning 
period. The night must, therefore, be set apart for study. I am 
glad to see that so many find it in your hearts to be here in this 
school ; it is a very hopeful sign. I think it has in it the promise 
that you will each become a useful citizen in this country. Pluck 
and energy are two essential elements. A boy wants to be some- 
thing. With pluck and energy success is assured. There is a 
day of hope above every one of you. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 305 

I bid you good cheer and would offer encouragement to every 
one of you, and I know every one of you may be useful and hon- 
orable citizens in this community, whose officers have taken the 
interest to organize this school for your benefit, I very sincerely 
and earnestly wish you God -speed. Stick to your studies and 
don't neglect to acquire a needful education, and you may one day 
occupy the positions of honor which are held by those to-day in 
charge of the affairs of your city. 



ATLANTA, APRIL 16. 

ON the morning of the 16th the President's party 
bade adieu to Atlanta. More than 10,000 people were 
present. Mayor Hemphill invited the President to the 
rear platform of the train and presented him to the assem- 
blage. In response to their cheers he said : 

My Fellow -citizens I desire, in parting from you, to give public 
expression of my satisfaction and enjoyment in my brief visit to 
Atlanta. I saw this city once under circumstances of a very unfa- 
vorable character. I did not think I would like it, although we 
\vere making great efforts to get it. [Laughter. ] I am glad after 
all these years to see the great prosperity and development that has 
come to you. I think I am able to understand some of the influ- 
ences that are at the bottom of it, and I am sure that I look into 
the faces of a community that, whatever their differences may 
have been, however they viewed the question of the war when it 
was upon us, can have but one thought as to what was best. We 
can all say with the Confederate soldier who carried a gun for 
what seemed to him to be right, that God knew better than any of 
us what was best for the country and for the world. 

You are thankful for what He has wrought and chiefly for eman- 
cipation. It has opened up to diversified industries these States 
that were otherwise exclusively agricultural, and made it possible 
for you not only to raise cotton, but to spin and weave it, and has 
made Georgia such a State as it could not have been under the old 
conditions. I am sure we have many common purposes, and as 
God shall give us power to see truth and right, let us do our duty, 
and, while exacting all our own rights, let us bravely and gen- 
erously give every other man his equal rights before the law. 
[Cheers. ] 

Thanking you for your reception, which has been warm and 
20 



306 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

hospitable, I go from you very grateful for your kindness and very 
full of hope for your future. 

I cannot wish more than that those enterprising land-owners 
whose work in grading and laying new additions I saw yesterday 
will realize all their hopes. I am very sure if that is done Atlanta 
will not long be rated the second city of the South. [Cheers.] 

At the conclusion of the President's address there were 
many calls for Mr. Wanamaker. These finally brought 
the Postmaster-General to the platform, who said : 

That man is unfortunate who is called on to speak after a Presi- 
dent. But at such a moment as this, parting from people who in 
a single night have shown so much kindness and good-fellowship, 
it is not difficult to return at least our grateful thanks for your 
most generous welcome. Of all objects in your city I have looked 
with most interest upon the house where a great light had gone 
out, and felt again the common sorrow in the absence of Hemy 
Grady, a man whose life and influences were larger than Atlanta. 
The words he spoke and the principles he stood for cannot be for- 
gotten. If we can but learn to know each other and understand 
each other there will be fewer differences than might be supposed. 
By more frequent intercourse and a fairer consideration of each 
other we should rise to a higher level of happiness. I wish we had 
come sooner and could stay longer. [Cheers.] 



TALLAPOOSA, GEORGIA, APRIL 16. 

THE city of Tallapoosa was bedecked with flags and 
bunting in honor of the distinguished visitors, and gave 
the President a cordial reception. Mayor A. J. Head and 
the following representative citizens were among those 
who greeted the Chief Executive: James H. Rineard, 
Walker Brock, U. G. Brock, J. A. Head, R. M. Strickland, 
J. C. Parker, W. T. King, R. G. Bently, T. J. Barrett, J. 
T. Tuggle, R. J. McBride, G. W. Bullard, C. Tallafario, J. 
A. Burns, J. R. Knapp, C. W. Fox, M. C. Reeve, M. Mun- 
son, W. W. Summerlin, S. J. Cason, J. H. Davis, S. White, 
A. Hass, T. L. Dougherty, G. A. Stickney, N. L. Hutchens, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 307 

O. F. Sampson, H. Martin, M. C. Haiston, G. W. Tumlin, 
and J. C. Murrey. 

Responding to the welcoming cheers the President ad- 
dressed the assembly as follows : 

My Fellow- citizens This large assemblage of people from this 
new and energetic city is very pleasant, and I thank you for the 
welcome that it implies. All of these evidences of extending 
industry are extremely pleasing to me as I observe them. They 
furnish employment to men ; they imply comfortable homes, con- 
tented families, a safe social organization, and are the strength of 
the Nation. 

I am glad to see that these enterprises that are taking the ores 
from the earth and adapting them to the uses of civilization have 
not been started here unaccompanied by that more important work 
the work of gathering the children into the schools and instruct- 
ing them, that they in their turn may be useful men and women. 
[Applause.] I am glad to greet these little ones this morning; it 
is a cheerful sight. We are soon to lay down the work of life and 
the responsibilities of citizenship , these mothers are soon to quit 
the ever-recurring and never-ending work of the home and give it 
into new hands. 

It is of the utmost consequence that these little ones be trained 
in mind and taught the fear of God and a benevolent regard for 
their fellow- men, in order that their lives and social relations may 
be peaceful and happy. We are citizens of one country, having 
one flag and one destiny. We are starting upon a new era of 
development, and 1 hope this development is to keep pace and to 
be the promoting cause of a very perfect unification of our people. 
[Cheers. ] 

We have a Government whose principles are very simple and 
very popular. The whole theory of our institutions is that, pursu- 
ing those election methods which we have prescribed under the 
Constitution, every man shall exercise freely the right that the 
suffrage law confides to him, and that the majority, if it has 
expressed its will, shall conclude the issue for us all. There is no 
other foundation. This was the enduring base upon which the 
fathers of our country placed our institutions. Let us always keep 
them there. Let us press the debate in our campaigns as to what 
the law should be; but let us keep faith and submit with the rev- 
erence and respect which are due to tlhe law when once lawfully 
enacted. [Applause.] 

The development which is coming to you in these regions of the 



308 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

South is marvellous. In ten years you increased your production 
of iron about 300 per cent. nearly a million and a quarter of tons 
and you have only begun to open these mines and to put these 
ores to the process of reduction. Now, I want to leave this thought 
with you : In the old plantations of the South you got everything 
from somewhere else ; why not make it all yourselves ? [Cheers. ] 



ANNISTON, ALABAMA, APRIL 16. 

MANY thousands greeted the President on his arrival at 
Anniston. The Reception Committee consisted of Mayor 
James Noble, J. W. Lapsley, H. W. Bailey, T. G. Garrett, 
B. F. Cassady, John J. Mickle, C. H. Camfield, J. J. Wil- 
lett, J. C. Sproull, R. H. Cobb, I. Finch, and Alex. S. 
Thweatt. The committee appointed by the Alabama State 
Sunday- School Association, then in session, was : Joseph 
Hardie, Geo. B. Eager, P. P. Winn, M. J. Greene, and C. 
W. O'Hare. On the part of the colored citizens the Com- 
mittee of Reception was : Rev. W. H. McAlpine, Wm. J. 
Stevens, S. E. Moses, Rev. J. F. Fitspatrick, and Rev. 
Jas. W. Brown. Daniel Tyler Post, G. A. R., H. Rosen- 
baum, Commander, G. B. Randolph acting Adjutant, also 
participated. The Hon. John M. McKleroy delivered the 
address of welcome, followed by Wm. J. Stevens in behalf 
of the colored people. 

President Harrison responded as follows : 

Fellow -citizens I very much regret that I am able to make so 
little return to you for this cordial manifestation of your respect 
and friendship ; and yet, even in these few moments which I am 
able to spend with you, I hope I shall gather and possibly be able 
to impart some impulse that may be mutually beneficial. I am 
glad to see with the eye that of which I have kept informed the 
great development which is taking place in the mineral regions 
of the Southern States. 

I remember, as a boy, resident upon one of the great tributaries 
of the Mississippi, how the agricultural products of those States, 
the corn and provisions raised upon the fertile acres of the Ohio 
and Mississippi valleys, were marketed in the South. The old 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 309 

broad-horn took its way down the Mississippi, stopping at the 
plantations to sell the provisions upon which the people of the 
South were largely sustained. The South was then essentially a 
plantation region, producing one or two great staples that found a 
ready market in the world, but dependent for its implements of 
industry and domestic utensils upon the States of the North 
Mississippi Valley. 

I am glad all this is changed, that you are realizing the benefits 
of diversified agriculture, and that the production upon your farms 
of the staples which you once bought elsewhere is largely increas- 
ing ; and I am glad that to diversified agriculture you have also 
added these great mechanical pursuits which have brought into 
your communities artisans and laborers who take from the adjacent 
farms the surplus of your fertile lands. [Cheers.] There has been 
received in the South since the war not less than $8, 000, 000, 000 for 
cotton , and while I rejoice in that, I am glad to know that in this 
generous region there are near 100, 000 acres devoted to raising 
watermelons. [Laughter. ] 

No farmer, certainly no planter in the old time, would have con- 
sented to sell watermelons. You are learning that things which 
were small and despised have come to be great elements in your 
commerce. Now your railroads make special provision for the 
transportation of a crop which brings large w r ealth to your people. 

I mention this as a good illustration of the changing conditions 
into which you are entering. You are realizing the benefits of 
home markets for what you produce, and I am sure you will unite 
with me in those efforts which we ought to make, not only to fill 
our own markets with all that this great Nation of 65,000,000 needs, 
but to reach out to other markets and enter into competition with 
the world for them. [Cheers.] This we shall do, and with all 
this mechanical and commercial development we shall realize 
largely that condition of unification of heart and interest to which 
those who have spoken for you have so eloquently alluded. 
[Cheers.] 

And now, wishing that the expectations of all who are interested 
in this stirring young city may be realized, that all your industries 
may be active and profitable, I add the wish that those gentler and 
kindlier agencies of the school and church, of a friendly social life, 
may always pervade and abide with you as a community. [Cheers. ] 



310 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, APRIL 16. 

LARGE delegations came from Mobile, Selma, Montgom- 
ery, Sheffield, and other points in Alabama, to participate 
in the grand ovation tendered President Harrison and his 
party at Birmingham on April 1C. Gov. Thomas G. Jones 
and the following members of his staff welcomed the pres- 
idential party at Henry ellen : Adjt.-Gen. Charles B. Jones, 
Col. F. L. Pettus, Col. Eugene Stolleriwerck, Col. M. P. Le 
Grand, Col. W. W. Quarles, Col. B. L. Holt, Lieut. James 
B. Erwin, and J. K. Jackson, Secretary to the Governor. 
The Governor's party was accompanied by five members 
from the Citizens' Committee : Col. E. T. Taliaferro, Rufus 
N". Rhodes, J. W. Hughes, R. L. Houston, and C. A. John- 
ston. 

On arrival at Birmingham, in the afternoon, the Presi- 
dent was greeted by an enormous gathering and formally 
welcomed by Mayor A. O. Lane at the head of the follow- 
ing distinguished committee: H. M. Caldwell, Joseph F. 
Johnston, B. L. Hibbard, William Youngblood, W. J. 
Cameron, J. A. Van Hoose, R. H. Pearson, E. H. Barron, 
M. M. Williams, J. O. Wright, James Weatherly, Chappell 
Cory, Louis Saks, D. D. Smith, J. P. Mudd, Charles M. 
Shelley, Paul Giacopazzi, James A. Going, Joe Frank, T. 
H. Spencer, P. G. Bowman, J. M. Martin, G. W. Hewitt, 
T. T. Hillman, E. Soloman, F. P. O'Brien, Lewis M. Par- 
sons, Robert Jemison, John McQueen, Geo. L. Morris, B. 
Steiner, Mack Sloss, J. A. Yeates, J. M. Handley, Fergus 
W. McCarthy, E. V. Gregory, F. H. Armstrong, Geo. M. 
Morrow, Thomas Seddon, E. W. Rucker, W. H. Graves, 
Gus Shillinger, M. T. Porter, Edwin C. Campbell, Eugene 
F. Enslen, R. L. Thornton, Charles Whelan, W. S. Brown, 
John M. Cartin, Wm. M. Bethea, I. R. Hochstadter, John 
W. Johnston, Wm. Vaughn, Jas. E. Webb, and Robert 
Warnock. George A. Ouster Post, G. A. R., commanded 
by Ass't Adjt.-Gen. W. J. Pender, escorted the President 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 311 

on the march through the city. The following officers par- 
ticipated: W. H. Hunter, Department Commander; F. G. 
Sheppard, Past Department Commander; William Sny- 
der, Commander ; A. A. Tyler, Senior Vice-Commander ; 
Henry Asa N. Ballard, Surgeon; Edward Birchenough, 
Assistant Quartermaster-General; A. W. Fulghum, Past 
Commander; and John Mackenzie, Officer of the Day. 

Both the Governor and the Mayor delivered eloquent 
addresses of welcome, to which President Harrison re- 
sponded as follows : 

Governor Jones, Mr. Mayor, and Fellow-citizens The noise of 
your industries will not stay itself, I fear, sufficiently to enable me 
to make myself heard by many in this immense throng that has 
gathered to welcome us. I judge from what we have seen as we 
neared your station that we have here at Birmingham the largest 
and most enthusiastic concourse of people that has met us since we 
left the national capital. [Great and prolonged cheering.] For 
all this I am deeply grateful. The rapidity with which we must 
pursue this journey will not allow us to look with any detail into 
the great enterprises which cluster about your city ; but if we shall 
only have opportunity to see for a moment these friendly faces 
and listen to these friendly words, we shall carry away that which 
will be invaluable, and, I trust, by the friendly exchange of greet- 
ings, may leave something to you that is worth cherishing. [Great 
cheering. ] I have read of the marvellous development which, in 
the last few years, has been stirring the solitude of these southern 
mountains, and I remember that not many years after the war, 
when I had resumed my law practice at Indianapolis, I was visited 
by a gentleman, known, I expect, to all of you, upon some profes- 
sional business. He came to pursue a collection claim against a 
citizen of Indiana ; but he seemed to be more interested in talking 
about Birmingham than anything else. [Laughter and cheers.] 
That man was Colonel Powell, one of the early promoters of your 
city. [Cheers. ] I listened to his story of the marvellous wealth 
of iron and coal that was stored in this region ; of their nearness 
to each other, and to the limestone necessary for smelting ; to his 
calculations as to the cheapness with which iron could be produced 
here, and his glow r ing story of the great city that was to be reared, 
with a good deal of incredulity. I thought he was a visionary ; but 
I have regretted ever since that I did not ask him to pay me my 
fee in town lots in Birmingham. [Laughter and cheers.] 



312 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

My countrymen, we thought the war a great calamity, and so It 
was. The destruction of life and of property was sad beyond 
expression ; and yet we can see now that God led us through that 
Red Sea to a development in material prosperity and to a fraternity 
that was not otherwise possible. [Cheers.] The industries that 
have called to your midst so many toiling men are always and 
everywhere the concomitants of freedom. Out of all this freedom 
from the incubus of slavery the South has found a new industrial 
birth. Once almost wholly agricultural, you are now not the less 
fruitful in crops, but you have added all this. [Cheers.] You 
have increased your production of cotton, and have added an in- 
crease in ten years of nearly 300 per cent, in the production of 
iron. You have produced three- fourths of the cotton crop of the 
world, and it has brought you since the war about $8, 000, 000, 000 
of money to enrich your people. But as yet you are spinning in 
the South only 8 per cent, of it. Why not, with the help we will 
give you in New England and the North, spin it all? [Cheers.] 
Why not establish here cotton mills that shall send, not the crude 
agricultural product to other markets, but the manufactured prod- 
uct? [Cheers.] Why not, while supplying 65,000,000 of people, 
reach out and take a part we have not had in the commerce of the 
world ? [Cheers. ] I believe we are to see now a renaissance in 
American prosperity and in the up- building again of our Ameri- 
can merchant marine. [Cheers.] I believe .that these Southern 
ports that so favorably look out with invitations to the States of 
Central and South America shall yet see our fleets carrying the 
American flag and the products of Alabama to the markets of South 
America. [Great cheering.] 

In all this we are united ; we may differ as to method, but if 
you will permit me I will give an illustration to show how we 
have been dealing with this shipping question. I can remember 
when no wholesale merchant ever sent a drummer into the field. 
He said to his customers, " Come to my store and buy ;" but com- 
petition increased and the enterprising merchant started out men 
to seek customers ; and so his fellow-merchant was put to the 
choice to put travelling men into the field or to go out of business. 
It seems to me, whatever we may think of the policy of aiding 
our steamship lines, that since every other great nation does it, we 
must do it or stay out of business, for we have pretty much gone 
out. [Cheers.] I am glad to reciprocate with the very fulness of 
my heart every fraternal expression that has fallen from the lips of 
these gentlemen who have addressed me in your behalf. [Cheers. ] 
I have not been saved from mistakes ; probably I shall not be. I 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 313 

am sure of but one thing I can declare that I have simply at 
heart the glory of the American Nation and the good of all its 
people. [Great and prolonged cheering.] I thank these companies 
of the State militia, one of whom I recognize as having done me 
the honor to attend the inaugural ceremony, for their presence. 
They are deserving, sir [to the Governor], of your encouragement 
and that of the State of Alabama. They are the reserve army of 
the United States. It is our policy not to have a large regular 
army, but to have a trained militia that, in any exigency, will 
step to the defence of the country ; and if that exigency shall ever 
arise which God forbid I know that you would respond as 
quickly and readily as any other State. [Cheers.] [The Gov- 
ernor : "You will find all Alabama at your back, sir !"] [Continued 
cheering. ] 

I am glad to know that in addition to all this business you are 
doing you are also attending to education and to those things that 
conduce to social order. The American home is the one thing we 
cannot afford to lose out of the American life. [Cheers. ] As long 
as we have pure homes and God-fearing, order-loving fathers and 
mothers to rear the children that are given to them, and to make 
these homes the abodes of order, cleanliness, piety, and intelli- 
gence, the American society and the American Union are safe 
[Great cheering. ] 

After the parade the President's party, the Governor 
and staff, and the citizens' Reception Committee sat down 
to luncheon. On the right of the President was Mrs. Jones, 
wife of the Governor ; on his left, Mrs. Lane, wife of the 
Mayor. Mr. Rufus N. Rhodes proposed the health of the 
President of the United States, to which General Harrison 
responded briefly, saying: 

We have seen something of the marvellous material growth of Bir- 
mingham, and seen evidence of the great richness of your " black 
diamonds" and your iron, and now we see something of your home 
life. The many beautiful women whom we have had the happiness 
to meet, and some of whom are now with us, are the angels of 
your homes, and right glad we are to be favored by their presence. 
After all, it is their homes which make a people great. We are 
glad to be here ; for, really, you overwhelm us with kindness. 
[Long -continued applause.] 



314 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE, APRIL 17. 

THE presidential party arrived at Memphis early on 
the morning of the 17th and were greeted by 10,000 
people. The committee for the reception and entertain- 
ment of President Harrison and his guests comprised the 
following prominent citizens : Lucas W. Clapp, president 
of the taxing district of Memphis, Chairman; H. M. Neely, 
M. Cooper, J. P. Jordan, B. M. Stratton, R. C. Graves, D. 
P. Hadden, R. F. Patterson, Wm. M. Randolph, John K. 
Speed, John R. Godwin, Sam Tate, Jr., N. W. Speers, 
Jr., Josiah Patterson, W. J.Crawford, Martin Kelly, John 
League, J. M. Keating, J. Harvey Mathes, A. B. Pickett, 
W. J. Smith, Emerson Etheridge, T. J. Lathan, A. D. 
Gwynne, R. D. Frayser, J. T. Fargason, Samuel W. 
Hawkins, T. J. Graham, B. M. Estes, S. R. Montgomery, 
W. A. Collier, A. C. Treadwell, F. M. ISTorfleet, Alfred G. 
Tuther, W. D. Beard, S. H. Haines, R. J. Morgan, Louis 
Erb, Dr. J. P. Alban, W. A. Gage, J. N. Snowden, John T. 
Moss, Thomas F. Tobin, J. S. Robinson, James Ralston, 
L. B. Eaton, John W. Dillard, J. M. Semmes, M. T. Will- 
iamson, Andrew J. Harris, R. S. Capers, L. H. Estes, J. J. 
DuBose, J. B. Clough, J. E. Bigelow, George Arnold, T. 
B. Edgington, Luke E. Wright, D. T. Porter, J. T. Pettit, 
Napoleon Hill, E. S. Hammond, Wm. R. Moore, G. C. 
Matthews, Colton Greene, Isham G. Harris, J. A. Taylor, 
P. M. Winters, Holmes Cummins, E. Lowenstein, J. S. 
Menken, A. Vaccaro, N. M. Jones, R. B. Snowden, W. M. 
Farrington, Barney Hughes, J. H. Smith, Noland Fon- 
taine, J. H. Martin, J. C. Neely, Robert Gates, James W. 
Brown, G. E. Dunbar, J. W. Falls, S. C. Toof, W. H. Car- 
roll, S. P. Read, H. G. Harrington, H. F. Dix, J. S. Gallo- 
way, T. W. Brown, H. J. Lynn, J. W. Person, H. B. Cul- 
len, S. W. Green, P. J. Quigley, T. J. Brogan, M. C. 
Gallaway, W. E. McGuire, Ralph Davis, J. J. Williams, 
T. A. Hamilton, E. B. McHenry, George B. Peters, John 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 315 

L. Norton, W. H. Bates, M. T. Garvin, S. H. Dunscomb, 
F. H. White, and R. D. Jordan. 

The following military committee also assisted : Gen. 
S. F. Carnes, Chairman ; Col. Kellar Anderson, Col. Hugh 
Pettit, Maj. J. F. Peters, Col. W. F. Taylor, Col. L. W. 
Finley, Gen. A. J. Vaughn, Gen. G. W. Gordon, and Gen. 
R. F. Patterson. 

Chairman Clapp made the address of welcome. Presi- 
dent Harrison responded as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens The name of the city of Memphis was famil- 
iar to me in my early boyhood. Born and reared upon one of the 
tributaries of the great river upon which your city is located, 
these river marts of commerce were the familiar trading-posts of 
the farmers of the Ohio Valley. I well remember when, on the 
shores of father's farm, the old "broad -horn" was loaded from the 
hay-press and the corn-crib to market with the plantations along 
the Lower Mississippi. I remember to have heard from him and 
the neighbors who constituted the crew of those pioneer craft of 
river navigation of the perils of these great waters ; of the snags 
and caving banks of the Lower Mississippi. In those times these 
States were largely supplied with grain and forage from the North- 
western States. Here you were giving your attention to one or 
two great staple products, for which you found a large foreign 
market. I congratulate you that the progress of events has made 
you not less agricultural, but has diversified your agriculture so 
that you are not now wholly dependent upon these great staples for 
the income of your farms. 

The benefits of this diversification are very great and the change 
symbolizes more than we at first realize. This change means that 
we are now coming to understand that meanness cannot be predi- 
cated of any honest industry. I rejoice that you are adding to 
diversified agriculture diversified manufacturing pursuits ; that 
you are turning your thought to compressing and spinning cotton 
as well as raising it. I know no reason why these cotton States, 
that produce 75 per cent, of the cotton of the world, should not spin 
the greater portion of it. I know no reason why they should 
export it as raw material, rather than as a manufactured product, 
holding in their midst the profits of this transformation of the raw 
material to the finished product. [Applause. ] 

I hope it may be so. I see evidence that the people are turning 
their attention to new industries, and are bringing into the midst; 



316 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

of these farming communities a large population of artisans and 
laborers to consume at your own doors the product of your farms. 
I am glad that a liberal Government is making this great waterway 
to the sea safe and capable of an uninterrupted use. I am glad 
that it is here making the shores of your own city convenient and 
safe, and that it is opening, north and south, an uninterrupted 
and cheap transportation for the products of these lauds that lie 
along this great system of rivers. I am glad that it is bringing 
you in contact with ports of the Gulf that look out with near and 
inviting aspect toward a great trade in South America that we 
shall soon possess. I am glad to believe that these great river 
towns will speedily exchange their burdens with American ships 
at the mouth of the Mississippi to be transported to foreign ports 
under the flag of our country. [Great cheering. ] 

This Government of ours is a compact of the people to be gov- 
erned by a majority, expressing itself by lawful methods. [Cheers. ] 
Everything in this country is to be brought to the measure of the 
law. I propose no other rule, either as an individual or as a pub- 
lic officer. I cannot in any degree let down this rule [cries of 
"No !" and cheers] without violating my official duty. There must 
be no other supremacy than that of lawful majorities. We must 
all come at last to this conclusion that the supremacy of the law 
is the one supremacy in this country of ours. [Cheers. ] 

Now, my fellow citizens, I thank you for this warm and mag- 
nificent demonstration of your respect, accepting cordially the 
expression of the chief of your city Government that you are a 
sincere, earnest, patriotic, devoted people. I beg to leave with 
you the suggestion that each in his place shall do what he can to 
maintain social order and public peace ; that the lines here and 
everywhere shall be between the well-disposed and the ill-disposed. 

The effort of' speech to this immense throng is too great for me. 
I beg to assure you that I carry from the great war no sentiment 
of ill-will to any. [Cheers.] I am glad that the Confederate 
soldier, confessing that defeat which has brought him blessings 
that would have been impossible otherwise, has been taken again 
into full participation in the administration of the Government ; 
that no penalties, limitations, or other inflictions rest upon him. 
I have taken and can always take the hand of a brave Confederate 
soldier with confidence and respect. [Great cheering.] 

I w^ould put him under one yoke only, and that is the yoke that 
the victors in that struggle bore when they went home and laid off 
their uniforms the yoke of the law and the obligation always to 
obey it. [Cheers.] Upon that platform, without distinction be- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 317 

tween the victors and the vanquished, we enter together upon 
possibilities as a people that we cannot overestimate. I believe 
the Nation is lifting itself to a new life ; that this flag shall float 
on unfamiliar seas, and that this coming prosperity will be equally 
shared by all our people. [Prolonged cheering. ] 



LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, APRIL 17. 

As the presidential party crossed the Mississippi they 
were met on the Arkansas shore by Gov. James P. Eagle 
and wife, Judge John A. Williams, Mayor H. L. Fletcher, 
James Mitchell, Col. Logan H. Roots, Mrs. Judge Cald- 
well, Mrs. C. C. Waters, Mrs. Wm. G. Whipple, Mrs. W. 
C. Ratcliffe, Miss Jean Loughborough, and Miss Fannie 
Mitchell. Arriving at Little Rock, late in the afternoon, 
the President was welcomed by Hon. Josiah H. Shinn, R. 
A. Edgerton, Chas. C. Waters, B. D. Caldwell, W. A. 
Clark, H. F. Roberts, T. H. Jones, and the other members 
of the Committee of Reception. McPhersoii and Ord 
posts, G. A. R., in charge of Marshal O. M. Spellman, Lee 
Clough, and C. Altenberg, acted as escort to the President, 
accompanied by the McCarthy Light Guards. The parade 
was in charge of Grand Marshal Zeb Ward, Jr., assisted 
by Col. W. T. Kelley, Horace G. Allis, and Oscar Davis. 
The Lincoln Club, commanded by P. Raleigh and P. C. 
Dooley, participated in the reception. At the State House 
Governor Eagle formally welcomed the distinguished 
travellers. 

President Harrison replied : 

Governor Eagle and Fellow-citizens No voice is large enough to 
compass this immense throng. But my heart is large enough to 
receive all the gladness and joy of your great welcome here to-day. 
[Applause.] I thank you one and all for your presence, for the 
kind words of greeting which have been spoken by your Governor, 
and for these kind faces turned to me. In all this I see a great 
fraternity ; in all this I feel new impulses to a better discharge of 
every public and every private duty. I cannot but feel that in 



318 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

consequence of this brief contact with you to-day I shall carry 
away a better knowledge of your State, its resources, its capabili- 
ties, and of the generous warm-heartedness of its people. We 
have a country whose greatness this meeting evidences, for there 
are here assembled masses of independent men. The commonwealth 
rests upon the free suffrage of its citizens and their devotion to the 
Constitution, and the flag is the bulwark of its life. [Cheers.] 
We have agreed, I am sure, that we will do no more fighting 
among ourselves. [Cries of "Good! good! "and cheers.] I may 
say to you confidentially that Senator Jones and I agreed several 
years ago, after observing together the rifle practice at Fort Snell- 
ing, that shooting had been reduced to such accuracy that war 
was too dangerous for either of us to engage in it. [Laughter and 
cheers. ] But, my friends, I cannot prolong this talk. Once already 
to-day in the dampness of this atmosphere I have attempted to 
speak, and therefore you will allow me to conclude by wishing for 
your State, for its Governor and all its public officers, for all its 
citizens without exception, high or humble, the blessing of social 
order, peace, and prosperity the fruits of intelligence and piety. 
[Great cheering.] 



TEXARKANA, ARKANSAS, APRIL 17. 

NOTWITHSTANDING it was nearly midnight when the 
presidential train reached Texarkana, about 2,000 citizens 
were present. Foremost in the movement to give a fitting 
reception to the President were : George H. Langsdale, 
Robert Langsdale, Richard Brunazzi, and Edward Don- 
nelly. Among other well-known citizens present were 
Lyman S. Roach, Commander of Dick Ya,tes Post, G. A. 
R. ; Ira A Church, J. A. Mifflin, Wm. Rhinders, W. F. 
Loren, W. W. Shaw, Fred A. Church, J. P. Ashcraft, 
Wm. H. Bush, A. B. Matson, W. W. De Prato, T. P. Mc- 
Calla, J. W. Hatcher, John McKenna, Peter Gable, John 
Mayher, Martin Foster, J. K. Langsdale, and F. L. 
Schuster. 

The President spoke briefly and said : 

Having had notice of your request that we stop here for a few 
moments, I have remained up in order to thank you for your 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 319 

expressed interest and for this very large and cordial demonstra- 
tion. I have spoken several times during the day, and am sure 
you will excuse me from attempting now, at midnight, to make a 
speech. I hope that prosperity is here and that it may abide with 
you. Thanking you again, 1 bid you good-night. 



PALESTINE, TEXAS, APRIL 18. 

THE first stop in the Lone Star State was at Palestine, 
where the President received a royal welcome, the popula- 
tion of the city turning out to do him honor. His excel- 
lency Gov. James S. Hogg cordially greeted the President 
at this point. Hon. John H. Reagan, Hon. Geo. A. 
Wright, Mayor of Palestine, and the City Council in a 
body, constituted the Committee of Reception, together 
with the following prominent residents : Capt. T. T. Gam- 
mage, A. H. Bailey, Geo. E. Dilley, K R. Royall, W. C. 
Kendall, A. Teah, J. R. Hearne, J. W. Ozment, P. W. 
Ezell, O. B. Sawyers, G. "W. Burkitt, W. M. Lacy, Henry 
Ash, A. C. Green, A. R. Howard, A. L. Bowers, D. W. 
Heath, Wm. Broyles, John J. Word, E. R. Kersh, R. J. 
Wallace, J. M. Fullinwider, Rev. E. F. Fales and Mrs. 
Fales, who welcomed her distinguished brother Postmas- 
ter-General Wanamaker. 

Governor Hogg made the formal address of welcome, to 
which the President responded as follows : 

Governor Hogg and Fellow -citizens It gives me pleasure to come 
this fresh morning into this great State a kingdom without a 
king, an empire without an emperor, a State gigantic in propor- 
tions and matchless in resources, with diversified industries and 
infinite capacities to sustain a tremendous population and to bring 
to every home where industry abides prosperity and comfort. Such 
homes, I am sure, are represented here this morning the Ameri 
can home, where the father abides in the respect and the mother 
in the deep love of the children that sit about the fireside ; where 
all that makes us good is taught and the first rudiments of obedi 
ence to law, of orderly relations one to another, are put into the 
young minds. Out of this comes social order : on this rests the 



320 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

security of our country. The home is the training-school for 
American citizenship. There we learn to defer to others; selfish- 
ness is suppressed by the needs of those about us. There self-sacri- 
fice, love, and willingness to give ourselves for others are born. 

I thank you that so many of you have come here this morning 
from such homes, and all of us are thankful together that peace 
rests upon our whole country. All of us have pledged ourselves 
that no sectional strife shall ever divide us, and that while abiding 
in peace with all the world we are, against all aggression, one 
mighty, united people. [Cheers. ] 

I desire to assure you, my countrymen, that in my heart I make 
no distinction between our people anywhere. [Cheers. ] I have a 
deep desire that everywhere in all our States there shall be that 
profound respect for the will of the majority, expressed by our 
voters, that shall bring constant peace into all our communities. 
It is very kind of you to come here this morning before breakfast. 
Perhaps you are initiating me into the Texas habit is it so? of 
taking something before breakfast. [Laughter and cheers.] This 
exhilarating draught of good-will you have given me this morn- 
ing will not, I am sure, disturb either iny digestion or comfort 
during this day. [Cheers.] 



HOUSTON, TEXAS, APRIL 18. 

THE presidential party reached Houston at noon on 
April 18 and were greeted by an enthusiastic assemblage 
estimated at 20,000. The welcoming committee, headed 
by Mayor Scherffius, comprised the following-named prom- 
inent citizens: Hon. Charles Stewart, Geo. A. Race, J. 
W. Temby, Maj. R. B. Baer, A. K. Taylor, Col. John T. 
Brady, W. D. Cleveland, D. C. Smith, C. Lombardi, Dr. 
E. F. Schmidt, Capt, J. C. Hutcheson, T. W. House, S. K. 
Dick, W. B. Chew, James F. Dumble, R. B. Morris, James 
A. Patton, Jr., A. P. Root, W. V. R. Watson, G. W. Kidd, 
G. C. Felton, H. W. Garrow, Geo. E. Dickey, F. Halff, 
John F. Dickson, E. W. Cave, Charles Dillingham, A. 0. 
Herndon, J. W. Jones, D. M. Angle, Geo. L. Porter, Rufus 
Cage, F. A. Rice, Dr. D. F. Stuart, and President Mitchell, 
of the Commercial Club. Many prominent ladies of the 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 321 

city participated in receiving and entertaining the ladies 
in the presidential party. 

Congressman Stewart introduced the President, who 
spoke as follows : 

My Fellow- citizens Your faces all respond to the words of wel- 
come which have been spoken in your behalf. We have been not 
only pleased but touched by the delicate and kindly expressions of 
regard which we have received since entering the State of Texas. 
I remained up last night until after midnight that I might not 
unconsciously pass into this great State, and I was called very early 
from my bed this morning to receive a draught of welcome, before 
I had breakfasted, from another Texas audience. You have a 
State whose greatness I think you have discovered. 

A stranger can hardly hope to point out to you that which you 
have not already known. Perhaps Virginia and Kentucky have 
been heard to say more about their respective States than Texas ; 
but I think their voices are likely soon to be drowned by the en- 
thusiastic and affectionate claims which you will present to the 
country for your great commonwealth. [Cheers.] You have the 
resources in some measure in a great measure of all the States 
gathered within your borders ; a soil adapted to the production of 
all the cereals and grasses ; and to this you add cotton, sugar, and 
tobacco. You are very rightly diversifying your crops, because 
the history of intelligent farming shows that as the crops are 
diversified the people prosper. 

All is not staked upon the success of a single crop. You do well, 
therefore, to raise cotton, sugar, and tobacco, and I am glad you 
are not neglecting cattle, sheep, hogs, corn, and all the cereals. 
We have been trying to do what we could from Washington to 
make for you a larger and better market for your enormous meat 
products. [Cheers. ] We have felt that the restrictions imposed 
by some of the European governments could not be fairly justified 
upon the ground stated by them. Already the Secretary of Agri- 
culture himself a farmer, who has with his own hands wrought 
in all the work of the farm has succeeded in procuring the re- 
moval of some of these injurious restrictions, and has announced 
to the country that exportation of cattle has increased 100 per cent, 
in the last year. [Cheers.] I beg to assure you that these inter- 
ests will have the most careful attention from the Government at 
Washington and from our representatives at foreign courts. It is 
believed that we have now by legislation a system of sanitary 
inspection of our meat products that, wheu once put in operation 



322 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

and examined by the European governments, will remove the last 
excuse for the exclusion of our meats from those foreign states. 

Our time is so limited that I can scarcely say more than "thank 
you. " We cannot at all repay you for this demonstration of wel- 
come, but let me say that in all your prosperity I shall rejoice. I do 
desire that all our legislation and all our institutions and the com- 
bined energies of all our people shall work together for the common 
good of all our States and all our population. [Great cheering. ] 
You have great resources of a material sort, and yet above all this 
I rejoice that the timely forethought o'f your public men has pro- 
vided an unexampled school fund for the education of the children. 

These things that partake of the life that is spiritual are better 
after all than the material. Indeed, there can be no true prosperity 
in any State or community where they are not thoughtfully fos- 
tered. Good social order, respect for the law, regard for other 
men's rights, orderly, peaceful administration are the essential 
things in any community. [Cheers. ] 



GALVESTON, TEXAS, APRIL 18. 

THE President and his party, accompanied by Governor 
Hogg, arrived at Galveston on the afternoon of Saturday, 
April 18, and were tendered an ovation by the hospitable 
residents of the Island City. The distinguished travellers 
were met at Houston by a committee of escort consisting of 
Chairman Leo N. Levi, George Sealy, Julius Runge, R. 
B. Hawley, W. F. Ladd, Col. R. G. Lowe, Maj. C. J. Allen, 
Aldermen C. M. Mason and T. W. Jackson, D. D. Bryan, 
J. W. Burson, Mrs. R. L. Fulton, Mrs. R. B. Hawley, Mrs. 
Aaron Blum, Mrs. W. F. Ladd, and Mrs. C. J. Allen. 

On arriving in the city the President was welcomed by 
the other members of the Reception Committee, headed by 
Mayor Roger L. Fulton, the Board of Aldermen, and the 
following prominent citizens : Leon Blum, R. S. Willis, 
J. C. League, H. A. Landes, J. E. Wallis, Col. J. S. Rogers, 
P. J. Willis, Robert Bornefeld, C. C. Sweeney, M. F. Mott, 
Albert Weis, M. Lasker, J. Z. Miller, Fen Cannon, Col. 
John D. Rogers, J. N. Sawyer, W. H. Sinclair, Joseph 
Cuney, Geo. Seeligson, Julius Weber, J. D. Skinner, Thos. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 323 

H. Sweeney, James Montgomery, F. L. Dana, James 
Moore, W. F. Beers, J. H. Hatchings, Wm. H. Masters, M. 
W. Shaw, W. B. Benson, H. B. Cullum, C. H. Rickert, W. 

B. Lockhart, U. Muller, F. Lammers, H. F. Sproule, Judge 
C.L.Cleveland, Judge Wm. H. Stewart, R T. Wheeler, 
N. W. Cuney, Thomas W. Cain, Samuel Penland, R. G. 
Street, J. Lobit, D. M. Erlich, C. M. Trueheart, L. Fellman, 

C. R. Reifel, Charles Vidor, George Butler, W. Vowrinc- 
kle, Joe Owens, C. E. Angel, Rev. S. M. Bird, Br. A. W. 
Fly, Br. J. T. Y. Paine, Br. H. P. Cooke, J. R. Gibson, 
Howard Carnes, Charles Maddox, Bishop Gallagher, Rev. 
A. T. Spaulding, A. B. Tuller, Br. J. B. Baviss, Rev. J. E. 
Edwards, A. B. Homer, Rev. Joseph B. Sears, J. Singer, R. 
C. Johnson, J. W. Riddell, B. Tiernan, T. A. Gary, John 
Focke, Joseph Scott, W. E. McBonald, Geo. Schneider, F. 
O. Becker, Thomas Goggan, J. B. Sherwood, O. H. Cooper, 
E. O'C. Maclnerney, Thos. S. King, Robert Bay, Baniel 
Buckley, J. J. Hanna, F. W. Fickett, Wm. Selkirk, and J. 
A. Robertson, 

Immediately following their arrival the presidential 
party, escorted by Hon. Wm. H. Crain, Mr. Leon Blum, 
and other members of the Reception Committee, enjoyed 
a trip about the harbor aboard one of the Mallory line 
steamships, enabling them to view the extensive Govern- 
ment works for deepening the channel at the entrance to 
the harbor. This excursion was followed by a ride across 
the island amid a shower of flowers. 

The parade was participated in by all the military and 
industrial organizations of the city ; also by the Odd Fel- 
lows, Knights of Pythias, and other orders, and was a most 
imposing demonstration. The G. A. R. veterans acted as 
a guard of honor to the President on the march, and the 
day was just closing when the column arrived at the 
Beach Hotel, on the very shore of the Gulf of Mexico, 
where the formal address of welcome was ably delivered 
by Gen. T. N. Waul. 



324 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

President Harrison's response was the longest speech of 
his trip, and attracted wide-spread and favorable comment. 
He said : 

My Fellow -citizens We close to-night a whole week of travel, 
a whole week of hand-shaking, a whole week of talking. I have 
before me 10,000 miles of hand- shaking and speaking, and I am 
not, by reason of what this week has brought me, in voice to con 
tend with the fine but rather strong Gulf breeze which pours in 
upon us to-night ; and yet it comes to me laden with the fragrance 
of your welcome. [Cheers.]" It comes with the softness, refresh- 
ment, and grace which have accompanied all my intercourse with 
the people of Texas. [Great cheering. ] 

The magnificent and cordial demonstration which you have made 
in our honor to-day will always remain a bright and pleasant 
picture in my memory. [Great cheers. ] I am glad to have been 
able to rest my eyes upon the city of Galveston. I am glad to 
have been able to traverse this harbor and to look upon that work 
which a liberal and united Government has inaugurated for your 
benefit and for the benefit of the Northwest. [Great and prolonged 
cheers.] I have always believed that it was one of the undisputed 
functions of the general Government to make these great water- 
ways which penetrate our country and these harbors into which 
our shipping must come to receive the tribute of rail and river 
safe and easy of access. 

This ministering care should extend to our whole country, and I 
am glad that, adopting a policy with reference to the harbor work, 
here at least, which I insisted upon in a public message [great 
and prolonged cheering] , the appropriation has been made adequate 
to a diligent and prompt completion of the work. [Great cheer- 
ing. ] In the past the Government has undertaken too many things 
at once, and its annual appropriations have been so inadequate 
that the work of the engineers was much retarded and often seri- 
ously damaged in the interval of waiting for fresh appropriations. 

It is a better policy, when a work has once been determined to 
be of national significance, that the appropriation should be 
sufficient to bring it speedily and without loss to a conclusion. 
[Great cheering.] I am glad that the scheme of the engineer for 
giving deep water to Galveston is 'thus to be prosecuted. 

I have said some of our Soutli Atlantic and Gulf ports occupy 
a most favorable position for the new commerce toward which we 
are reaching out our hands, and which is reaching out its hands 
to us. [Great cheering. ] I am an economist in the sense that I 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 325 

would not waste one dollar of public money , but I am not an 
economist in the sense that I would leave incomplete or suffer to 
lag any great work highly promotive of the true interests of our 
people. [Great cheering. ] 

We are great enough and rich enough to reach forward to grander 
conceptions than have entered the minds of some of our statesmen 
in the past. If you are content, I am not, that the nations of 
Europe shall absorb nearly the entire commerce of these near sister 
republics that lie south of us. It is naturally in large measure 
ours ours by neighborhood, ours by nearness of access, ours by 
that sympathy that binds a hemisphere without a king. [Cheers. J 

The inauguration of the Three Americas Congress, or more prop- 
erly the American Conference, the happy conduct of that meeting, 
the wise and comprehensive measures which were suggested by it, 
with the fraternal and kindly spirit that was manifested by our 
southern neighbors, has stimulated a desire in them and in our 
people for a larger intercourse of commerce and of friendship.. The 
provisions of the bill passed at the last session looking to a reci- 
procity of trade not only met with my official approval when I 
signed the bill, but with my zealous promotion before the bill was 
reported. [Great and prolonged cheering.] 

Its provision concerning reciprocity is that we have placed upon 
our free list sugar, tea, coffee and hides, and have said to those nations 
from whom we receive these great staples : Give us free access to 
your ports for an equivalent amount of our produce in exchange, 
or we will reimpose duties upon the articles named. The law 
leaves it wholly to the Executive to negotiate these arrangements. 
It does not need that they shall take the form of a treaty. 

They need not be submitted for the concurrence of the Senate. 
It only needs that we, having made our offer, shall receive their 
offer in return ; and when they shall have made up an acceptable 
schedule of articles produced by us that shall have free access to 
their ports, a proclamation by the President closes the whole busi- 
ness. [Cheers.] Already one treaty with that youngest of the 
South American republics, the great republic of Brazil, has been 
negotiated and proclaimed. I think, without disclosing an Exec 
utive secret, I may tell you that the arrangement with Brazil is 
not likely to abide in lonesomeness much longer [great and pro- 
longed cheering] ; that others are to follow, and that as a result of 
these trade arrangements the products of the United States our 
meats, our breadstuffs, and certain lines of manufactured goods 
are to find free or favored access to the ports of many of these 
South and Central American States. All the States will share in 



326 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

these benefits. We have had some analysis of the manifests of 
some of our steamers now sailing to South American ports, and in 
a single steamer it was found that twenty-five States contributed to 
the cargo. 

But we shall need something more. We shall need American 
steamships to carry American goods to these ports. [Great cheer- 
ing. J The last Congress passed a bill appropriating about $1, 500, 000, 
and authorized the Postmaster -General to contract with steamship 
companies for a period not exceeding ten years for the carrying of 
the United States mail. The foreign mail service is the only mail 
service out of which the Government has been making a net profit. 
We do not make a profit out of our land service. 

There is an annual deficiency which my good friend the Post- 
master-General has been trying veiy hard to reduce or wipe out. 
The theory of our mail service is that it is for the people, that we 
are not to make a profit out of it, that we are to give them as 
cheap postage as is possible. We are, many of us, looking forward 
to a time when we shall have one -cent postage in this country. 
[Cheers.] We have been so close and penurious in dealing with 
our ships in the carrying of foreign mails that we have actually 
made revenues out of that business, not having spent for it what 
we have received from it. Now we propose to change that policy 
and to make more liberal contracts with American lines carrying 
American mail. [Cheers.] 

Some one may say we ought not to go into this business, that it 
is subsidy. But, my friend, every other great nation of the world 
has been doing it and is doing it to-day. Great Britain and France 
have built up their great steamship lines by Government aid, and 
it seems to me our attitude with reference to that is aptly portrayed 
by an illustration I mentioned the other day. In olden times no 
wholesale merchant sent out travelling men to solicit custom, 
but he stood in his own store and waited for his customers. 
But presently some enterprising merchant began to send out men 
with their samples to seek the trade, to save the country buyer the 
cost of the trip to New York or Philadelphia, until finally that 
practice has become universal, and these active, intelligent travel- 
ling men are scurrying this country over, pushing and soliciting 
in their several lines of business. Now imagine some conservative 
merchant in New York saying to himself "All this is wrong ; the 
trade ought to come to me. " If he should refuse to adopt these 
modern methods what would be the result? He must adopt the 
new methods or go out of business. We have been refusing to 
adopt the universal method of our competitors in commerce to 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 327 

stimulate their shipping interest and have gone out of the business. 
[Laughter and cheers. J Encouraged by what your spokesman has 
said to-night. I venture to declare that I am in favor of going into 
business again, and when it -is re-established I hope Galveston will 
be in the partnership. [Great cheers.] 

It has been the careful study of the Postmaster -General in pre- 
paring to execute the la\v to which I have referred to see how 
much increase in routes and ships we could secure by it. We have 
said to the few existing American lines : You must not treat this 
appropriation as a plate of soup, to be divided and consumed. 
You must give us new lines, new ships, increased trips, and new 
ports of call. Already the steamship lines are looking over the 
routes to see what they can do, with a view of increasing their 
tonnage and establishing new lines. 

The Postmaster General has invited the attention and suggestion 
of all the boards of trade of all our seaboard cities. Undoubtedly 
you have received such a letter. This appropriation is for one 
year ; what the future is to be must depend upon the deliberate 
judgment of the people. If during my term of office they shall 
strike down a law that I believe to be beneficial or destroy its 
energy by withholding appropriations, I shall bow to their will, 
but I shall feel great disappointment if we do not make an era for 
the revival of American commerce. I do much want that the time 
shall come when our citizens living in temporary exile in foreign 
ports shall now and then see steaming into these distant ports a 
fine modern man-of-war, flying the United States flag [cheers], 
with the best modern guns on her deck, and a brave American 
crew in her forecastle. [Cheers. ] I want, also, that in these ports, 
so long unfamiliar with the American flag, there shall again be 
found OUT* steamships and our sailing vessels flying the flag that we 
all love, and carrying from our shores the products that these men 
of toil have brought to them to exchange for the products of other 
climes. 

I think we should add to all this, and happily it is likely to be 
accomplished by individual efforts, the early completion of the 
Nicaragua Canal. [Cheers.] The Pacific coast should no longer 
be found by sea only by the passage of the Horn. The short route 
should be opened, and it will be, and then with this wondrous 
stirring among the people of all our States, this awakening to new 
business plans and more careful and economical work, there will 
come great prosperity to all our people. Texas will spin more of 
the cotton that she raises. 

The great States of the South will be in discontent with the old 



328 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

condition that made them simply agricultural States, and will 
rouse themselves to compete with the older manufacturing States 
of the North and East, [Cheers.] The vision I have, all the 
thoughts I have of this matter embrace all the States and all my 
countrymen. I do not think of it as a question of party ; I think 
of it as a great American question. [Cheers. ] By the invitation 
of the address which was made to me I have freely spoken my 
mind to you on these topics. I hope I have done so with no offence 
or impropriety. [Cries of "No, no!" and cheers.] 

I would not on an occasion so full of general good feeling as this 
obtrude anything that should induce division or dissent. For all 
who do dissent I have the most respectful tolerance. The views I 
hold are the result of some thought and investigation, and as they 
are questions of public concern I confidently submit them to the 
arbitrament of brave and enlightened American suffrage. [Ap- 
plause and cheers.] 



SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, APRIL 20. 

THE President and his party passed their first Sunday 
at Galveston, leaving the Island City at midnight and ar- 
riving at San Antonio at 11:15 Monday morning. A 
special committee, consisting of Hon. C. W. Ogden, Chair- 
man ; Col. C. M. Terrell, S. M. Johnson, J. S. McNamara, 
Mrs. Ogden, Mrs. Johnson, and Miss Eleanor Sullivan, 
escorted the party from Galveston. The Alamo City was 
profusely decorated in honor of the visit, and a great throng 
greeted the President's arrival. He was received by the 
Hon. Bryan Callaghan, Mayor of the city, at the head of 
the following committee of leading citizens : Gen. David 
S. Stanley, U. S. A. ; Col. J. P. Martin, Col. W. B. Wright, 
Col. H. B. Andrews, Maj. C. C. Cresson, Hon. W. W. 
King, L. M. Gregory, B. F. Yoakum, C. W. Ogden, H. D. 
Kampmann, J. S. Alexander, W. J. B. Patterson, A. W. 
Houston, Reagan Houston, Richard Wooley, Jr., R. H. 
Russell, N. Mackey, George Dullnig, J. V. Dignowity, J. 
S. Thornton, F. Groos, H. P. Drought, D. Sullivan, Charles 
Hugo, Rev. Dr. Giddiiigs, C. K. Breneman, W. H. Weiss, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 329 

Frank Grice, Alex. Joske, Henry Elmendorf, Robert Dris- 
coll, Paul Wagner, J. Ronse, J. E. Pancoast, Adolph 
Wagner, George H. Kalteyer, Charles J. Langholz, C. B. 
Mullaly, R. H. McCracken, A. G. Cooper, Dr. G. Graham 
Watts, Dr. J. P. Ornealus, Dr. Amos Graves, and A. T. 
Wilson. Mayor McDonald, of Austin, and Hon. L. L. 
Foster also participated in the reception. 

A rainstorm interfered with the parade, and the public 
reception was held at the Opera House, thousands being- 
unable to enter. Mayor Callaghaii made the welcoming 
address and introduced President Harrison, who spoke as 
follows : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow-citizens I very much regret that frequent 
speaking in the open air during the past week and the very heavy 
atmosphere which we have this morning have somewhat impaired 
my voice. I am sure you will crown your hospitality and kindness 
by allowing me to speak to you very briefly. I sympathize with 
you in the distress which you feel that the day is so unpropitious 
for any street demonstration, but I have been told by one wise in 
such matters that this rain is worth $5, 000, 000 to Western Texas. 
That being the case, it greatly moderates our regret. It has come 
to be a popular habit of attributing to the President whatever 
weather may happen on any demonstration in which he takes a 
part. I suppose I may claim credit this morning for this beneficial 
rain. [Applause. ] I generously assure you that if it is worth as 
much money as my friend has estimated I shall not take more than 
half that sum. [Laughter.] In visiting for a little while this 
historic city, I had anticipated great pleasure in looking upon the 
remains of an earlier occupancy of this territory in which you 
now dwell. Our glance this morning must be brief and imperfect, 
but the history has been written and the traditions of these mar- 
tyrdoms which occurred here for liberty are fresh in your minds 
and are still an inspiring story to be repeated to your children. 

I remember in my early boyhood to have heard in our family 
thrilling descriptions of the experiences of an uncle, whose name 
I bear, in some of those campaigns for freedom in Texas in which 
he took a part, so that the story to me goes back to those dim early 
recollections of childhood. I am glad to stand where those recol- 
lections are revived and freshened, for they were events of momen- 
tous importance to this country, to this State, and to the whole 



330 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Union. I rejoice that you have here so great a commonwealth. 
The stipulations under which Texas came into the Union of the 
States, and which provided that that great Territory might be 
subdivided into five States, seem not to attract much attention in 
Texas now. 

Indeed, as far as I can judge, no man would be able successfully 
to appeal to the suffrages of any hamlet in Texas upon the issue 
that the State should be divided at all. [Cheers.] The great 
industrial capacities which you have, the beneficent climate that 
spreads over much of your vast territory, the great variety of pro- 
ductions which your soil and climate render possible, give a 
promise for the future of a prominence among the great States of 
the Union that seems to me can scarcely fail to bring Texas to the 
front rank. [Cheers.] You are only now beginning to plough this 
vast stretch of land. You are only now beginning to diversify 
those interests, to emancipate yourselves by producing at home in 
your fields all of those products which are necessary to comfort- 
able existence. 

I hope you will soon add, indeed, you are now largely adding, 
to this diversity of agricultural pursuits a diversity of mechanical 
pursuits. The advantages which you have to transmute the great 
production of the field into the manufactured product are very 
great. There can be certainly no reason why a very large part of 
the million bales of cotton which you produce should not be spun 
in Texas. [Cheers.] I hope your people will more and more turn 
their thoughts to this matter, for just in proportion as a community 
or State suitably divides its energies among various industries, so 
does it retain the wealth it produces and increase its population. 
[Applause. ] 

A great Englishman, visiting this country some time ago, in 
speaking of the impressions which were made upon his mind, said 
he was constantly asked as he travelled through the country whether 
he was not amazed at its territorial extent. He said while this, 
of course, was a notable incident of travel, he w r ondered that we 
did not forget all our bigness of territory in a contemplation of the 
great spectacle we presented as a free people in organized and 
peaceful community. He regarded this side of our country and 
her institutions as much more important than its material develop- 
ment or its territorial extent, and he was right in that judgment. 

My fellow-citizens, the pride of America, that which should 
attract the admiration and has attracted the imagination of many 
people upon the face of the earth, is our system of government. 
[Applause. ] I am glad to know, and to have expressed my satis- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 331 

faction before, that here in this State of Texas you are giving 
attention to education ; that you have been able to erect a school 
fund, the interest upon which promises a most magnificent endow- 
ment for your common schools. These schools are the pride and 
safety of your State. They gather into them upon a common level 
with us, and I hope with you, the children of the rich and poor. 
In the State in which I dwell everybody's children attend the 
common schools. 

This lesson of equality, the perfect system which has been devel- 
oped by this method of instruction, is training a valued class of 
citizens to take up the responsibilities of government when we 
shall lay them down. [Applause.] I hope every one of your com- 
munities, even your scattered rural communities, will pursue this 
good work. I am sure this hope is shared by my honored host, 
Governor Hogg, who sits beside me [applause], and who, in the 
discharge of his public duties, can influence the progress of this 
great measure. No material greatness, no wealth, no accumula- 
tion of splendor, is to be compared with those humble and homely 
virtues which have generally characterized our American homes. 

The safety of the State, the good order of the community all 
that is good the capacity, indeed, to produce material wealth, is 
dependent upon intelligence and social order. [Applause. ] Wealth 
and commerce are timid creatures ; they must be assured that the 
nest will be safe before they build. So it is always in those com- 
munities where the most perfect order is maintained, where intel- 
ligence is protected, where the Church of God and the institutions 
of religion are revered and respected, that we find the largest 
development in material wealth. [Applause.] 

Thanking you for your cordial greeting, thanking all your peo- 
ple, and especially the Governor of your State, for courtesies which 
have been unfailing, for a cordiality and friendliness that has not 
found any stint or repression in the fact that we are of different 
political opinions [great cheering], I beg to thank you for this 
special manifestation of respect, and to ask you to excuse me from 
further speech. I shall follow such arrangements as your commit- 
tee have made, and shall be glad if in those arrangements there is 
some provision by which I may meet as many of you as possible 
individually. [Prolonged cheering.] 



332 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

DEL RIO, TEXAS, APRIL 21. 

THE chief incident of the long run from San Antonio to 
El Paso was the enthusiastic reception tendered the Presi- 
dent by the residents of the thriving frontier town of Del 
Rio, county seat of Yal Verde County. The town was 
handsomely decorated, and the following Reception Com- 
mittee welcomed the President and party : Judge W. K. 
Jones, C. S. Brodbent, Zeno Fielder, J. A. Price, H. D. 
Bonnett, E. L. Dignowity, Paul Flato, Clyde Woods, 
Thomas Cunningham, W. C. Easterling, J. C. Clarkson, 
E. G. Nicholson, C. G. Leighton, and R. J. Felder. 

Rev. Dr. H. S. Thrall, the veteran historian of Texas, 
delivered the address of welcome. The President, respond- 
ing, said: 

My Friends I had supposed when we left San Antonio that we 
were not to be stopped very often between that point and El Paso 
with such assemblages of our fellow-citizens. We had settled down 
to an easy way of living on the train, and I had supposed that 
speech-making would not be taken up until to-morrow. I thank 
you most cordially for this friendly evidence of your interest, and 
I assure you that all of these matters to which your spokesman has 
alluded are having the most careful consideration of the authorities 
at Washington. The Secretary of Agriculture, who is with me on 
the train, has been diligent in an effort to open European markets 
for American meats, and he has succeeded so far that our exporta- 
tion has very largely increased in the last year. It is our hope 
that these restrictions may still further be removed, and that 
American meat products may have a still larger market in Europe 
than they have had for veiy many years past. The inspections 
now provided by law certainly must remove every reasonable ob- 
jection to the use of American meats ; for we shall demonstrate to 
them that they are perfectly wholesome and pure. I want to say, 
from the time of my induction into office until this hour I have 
had before me constantly the need of the American farmer of a 
larger market for his products. [Cries of "Good! good!" and 
cheers. ] Whatever we can do to accomplish that will be done. 
I want to thank the public-school children for this address which 
they have placed in my hands. What a blessed thing it is that 
the public school system is found with the pioneer! It follows the 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 333 

buffalo very closely I am glad to find that your children ar6 being 
trained in intelligence and in those moral restraints which shall 
make them good citizens. I thank you for your kindly presence. 



EL PASO, TEXAS, APRIL 21. 

THE enterprising city of El Paso was reached at 10 
o'clock Tuesday morning, and the President was tendered 
a veritable ovation. The reception at this point partook of 
an international aspect. President Diaz of Mexico was 
represented in the person of Governor Carrillo, Chief Ex- 
ecutive of the State of Chihuahua, accompanied by a brill- 
iant staff of 20 officers. The War Department of the 
Mexican Government was represented by Gen. Jose Maria 
Ran j el, Chief of the Second Military Zone, accompanied 
by his staff, a company of artillery, and the Eleventh Bat- 
talion Band of 45 instruments. From the City of Mexico 
came Col. Ricardo Villanueva and Col. Ygnacio J. Mon- 
roy, representing the Federal Government, while the neigh- 
boring city of Juarez was represented by Colonel Ross, com- 
mander of the garrison, Senor Mejia, Senor Urtetiga, and 
many other prominent citizens. The city of El Paso was 
represented by Mayor Richard Caples and the members of 
the City Council. The Citizens' Committee of Reception 
comprised W. S. Hills, Chairman; E. B. Bronson, M. B. 
Davis, S. W. Russell, W. F. Payne, Frank P. Clark, C. F. 
Slack, Geo. L. Stewart, H. S. Beattie, Judge Allen Blacker, 
A Solomon, W. B. Merrick, A. Berla, Louis Papin, Geo. 
E. Bovee, James A. Smith, Hon. S. W. T. Lanham, A. J. 
Eaton, Z. T. White, W. S. McCutcheon, A. M. Loomis, H. 
C. Myles, Ben Schuster, A. J Sampson, D. W. Reckhart, 
and J. F. Satterthwaite. 

Governor Carrillo stood beside President Harrison dur- 
ing the reception. After the distinguished Mexicans had 
paid their respects and greeted our Chief Magistrate, Gen. 
A. G. Malloy, on behalf of the citizens of El Paso, in an 



334 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

eloquent address welcomed him to the Gate City of the 
two republics. 

President Harrison responded as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens I have been journeying for several days 
throughout the great State of Texas. We are now about to leave 
her territory and receive from you this parting salutation. Our 
entrance into the State was with every demonstration of respect 
and enthusiasm. This is a fitting close to the magnificent expres- 
sion which the people of this State have given to us. I am glad 
to stand at this gateway of trade with the great republic of Mex- 
ico. [Cries of "Hear! hear!" and cheers.] I am glad to know 
that it is not only a gateway of commerce, but a gateway of 
friendship [cheers] ; that not only do these hurrying vehicles of 
commerce bear the products of the fields and mines in mutual 
exchange, but that they have facilitated those personal relations 
which have promoted and must yet more promote the friendliness 
of two independent liberty -loving peoples. [Cheers.] 

I receive with great satisfaction these tributes of respect which 
have been brought to me by the Governor of Chihuahua and the 
representatives of the army of Mexico. [Cheers.] I desire to 
return to them and through them to the people of Mexico and to 
that illustrious and progressive statesman who presides over her 
destinies [cheers] not only my sincere personal regard, but an 
assurance of the friendliness and respect of the American Govern- 
ment and the American people. I look forward with interest to a 
larger development of our trade ; to the opening of new lines of 
commerce and new avenues of friendship. We have passed that 
era in our history, I hope, when we were aggressive and unpleas- 
ant neighbors. We do not covet the territory of any other people 
[cheers], but do covet their friendship and those trade exchanges 
which are mutually profitable. [Cheers. ] 

And now to you, my fellow -citizens, I bring congratulations for 
the rapid development which you are making here, and extend the 
most cordial good wishes for the realization of every hope you 
have for El Paso and its neighborhood. [Cheers.] All republics 
are builded on the respect and confidence of the people. They are 
enduring and stable as their institutions and their rulers continue 
to preserve their respect. I rejoice that those influences that tend 
to soften the asperities of human life the home, the school, and 
the church have kept pace with the enterprises of commerce and 
are established here among you. All commerce and trade rest 
upon the foundation of social order. You cannot attract an in- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 335 

creased citizenship except as you give to the world a reputation 
for social order [cheers], in which crime is suppressed, in which 
the rights of the humble are respected [cheers], and where the 
courts stand as the safe bulwark of the personal and public rights 
of every citizen, however poor. [Cheers.] I trust that as your 
city grows you will see that these foundations are carefully and 
broadly laid, and then you may hope that the superstructure, mag- 
nificent in its dimensions, perfect in its security and grace, shall 
rise in your midst. [Cheers. ] 

I am glad to meet my comrades of the Grand Army of the 
Republic [cheers], the survivors of the grand struggle for the 
Union. It was one of the few wars in history that brought bless- 
ings to the "victors and vanquished," and was followed by no 
proscriptions, no block, no executions, but by the reception of 
those who had striven for the destruction of the country into 
friendly citizenship, laying upon them no yoke that was not borne 
by the veterans that of obedience to the law and a due respect for 
the rights of others. [Cheers. ] 

Again, sir [to the Mexican representative], I thank you for the 
friendly greeting you have brought from across this narrow river 
that separates us, and to you my fellow-countrymen, I extend my 
thanks and bid you good-by. [Prolonged cheers.] 



DEMING, NEW MEXICO, APRIL 21. 

As the train crossed the Rio Grande and entered New 
Mexico Hon. L. Bradford Prince, Governor of that Terri- 
torj T , gave the Chief Magistrate a cordial welcome. Dem- 
ing was reached at 2 o'clock. The city was in holiday at- 
tire ; a battery of artillery thundered the presidential salute, 
two companies of the Tenth Cavalry, under Captain Keyes, 
came to a present as the President appeared, and the 
Twenty-fourth Infantry Band burst forth in patriotic 
strains. The Committee of Reception comprised the follow- 
ing prominent citizens : Judge Boone, C. !L Dane, B. A. 
Knowles, J. R. Meyers, A. J. Clark, J. P. Bryon, W. H. 
Hudson, S. M. Ashenfelter, Gustav Wormser, Ed. Pen- 
nington, W. Burg, James Martin, Colonel Fitzerell, James 
A. Lockhart, Seaman Field, John Corbett, E. G. Ross, and 



336 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Robert Campbell. Professor Hayes delivered the wel- 
coming address. 

In reply Pi esident Harrison said : 

My Fellow -citizens It gives me great pleasure to tarry for a 
moment here and to receive out on these broad and sandy plains 
the same evidence of friendliness that has greeted me in the States. 
I feel great interest in your people, and thinking that you have 
labored under a disadvantage by reason of the unsettled state of 
your land titles because no country can settle up and become 
populous while the titles to its land remain insecure it was my 
pleasure to urge upon Congress, both in a general and special mes- 
sage, the establishment of a special land court to settle this ques- 
tion once for all. [Cheers. ] 

I am glad that the statute is now a law, and immediately upon 
my return from this trip I expect to announce the judges of 
that court, and to set them immediately to work upon these cases, 
so that you shall certainly, within two years, have all these ques- 
tions settled. 1 hope you will then see an increase of population 
that has not as yet been possible, and which will tend to develop 
your great mineral resources and open up your lands to settlement. 
Thanking you, on behalf of our party, for this pleasant greeting, I 
bid you good-by. [Cheers.] 



LORDSBURG, NEW MEXICO, APRIL 21. 

AT Lordsburg, New Mexico, the train made a brief stop. 
A number of citizens, headed by Don. H. Kedzee, wel- 
comed the President and presented him a handsome silver 
box, manufactured from metal mined in the vicinity. On 
the case was inscribed, " Protect the chief industry of our 
Territories. Give us free coinage of silver." In accepting 
the memento the President said : " Mr. Kedzee and gentle- 
men, I thank you for this cordial welcome and for this ele- 
gant souvenir, and assure you due care will be taken of 
your interests." [Cheers.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 337 

TUCSON, ARIZONA, APRIL 21. 

TUCSON, the metropolis of Arizona, was brilliantly 
illuminated in honor of the visitors, who were welcomed 
by 5,000 citizens and a band of Papago Indians. Negley 
Post, G. A. R., J. J. Hill, Commander, represented the vet- 
erans. The city government was present in the persons of 
Mayor Frederick Maish and Councilmen M. G. Sameniego, 
M. Lamont, Geo. Lesure, Wm. Reid, Frank Miltenberg, 
and Julius Goldbaum. The Committee of Reception on 
the part of the citizens comprised many of the most dis- 
tinguished men of the Territory as well as of the city, 
among whom were : Federal Judges R. E. Sloan and H. 
C. Gooding, Gen. R. A. Johnson, Gen. R. H. Paul, Charles 
R. Drake, Herbert Brown, Brewster Cameron, J. Knox 
Corbett, George Christ, J. S. McGee, S. Ainsa, Samuel 
Hughes, Juan Elias, Rev. Howard Billman, Albert Stein- 
feld, H. S. Stevens, M. P. Freeman, S. M. Franklin, W. C. 
Davis, W. M. Lovell, J. S. Noble, H. B. Tenny, F. H. Here- 
ford, D. C. Driscoll, J. C. Handy, J. A. Black, Thomas 
Hughes; A. J. Keen, J. M. Ormsby, H. E. Lacy, G. B. 
Henry, Frank Allison, George Pusch, H. W. Fenner, R. D. 
Furguson, F. J. Henry, and C. C. Eyster. 

Hon. Thos. F. Wilson made the address of welcome. 
The President said : 

My Fellow -citizens It is surprising as well as gratifying to see 
so many friends assembled to greet us on our arrival at Tucson to- 
night. I beg to assure you that the interests of the Territories are 
very close to my heart. By reason of my service as Chairman of 
the Territory Committee in the United States Senate I was brought 
to study very closely the needs of the Territories. I have had 
great pleasure issuing the proclamations admitting five Territories 
to the sisterhood of States since I became President. I realize the 
condition of the people of the Territory without having representa- 
tion in Congress as one of disadvantage, and I am friendly to the 
suggestion that these Territories, as they have sufficient population 
to sustain a State Government and to secure suitable adminis- 
tration of the own affairs, shall be received into the Union. 



338 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

[Cheers. ] It will be gratifying to me if you shall come into that 
condition during the time that I occupy the presidential chair. 
[Cheers.] I thank you again for your cordial demonstration, and 
beg to present to you that gentleman of the Cabinet who has charge 
of the postal affairs, Mr. Wanamaker. [Prolonged cheers. J 



INDIO, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 22. 

THE morning of the 22d brought the President and his 
party out of the great desert to the borders of California, 
where at Indio, the first station, they were enthusiasti- 
cally greeted by the Governor of the State, Hon. Henry 
H. Markham, at the head of the following distinguished 
committee: Senator Charles N". Felton, ex-Gov. Geo. C. 
Perkins, Col. Charles F. Crocker, Hon. E. F. Del Valle, 
Hon. Stephen M. White, Gen. E. P. Johnson, Hon. 
Hervey Liiidley, Hon. Freeman G. Teed, Hon. Irwin C. 
Stump, Hon. Frank McCoppin, and Adjutant- General 
Allen. From the districts adjacent to Indio were gathered 
several hundred people to greet the Chief Magistrate, 
mostly Indians. Postmaster A. G. Tingman introduced 
the venerable Chief Cabazon, head of the Cohuilla tribe 
and over 100 }^ears old, who presented a petition to the 
President asking that the lands guaranteed his people by 
the treaty with Mexico be restored to them. Governor 
Markham delivered a cordial welcoming address, wherein 
he reviewed the wonderful growth of California. 

The President, in reply, said he would not undertake, 
while almost choked with the dust of the plains he had just 
left, to say all that he hoped to say in the way of pleasant 
greetings to the citizens of California. Some time, when 
he had been refreshed by their olive oil and their vine- 
yards, he would endeavor to express his gratification at 
being able to visit California. He had long desired to 
visit California, and it was the objective point of this trip. 
He had seen the northern coast and Puget Sound, but had 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 3,'iU 

never before been able to see California. He remembered 
from boyhood the excitement of the discovery of gold, and 
had always distantly followed California's growth and 
progress. The acquisition of California was second only 
to that of Louisiana and the control of the Mississippi 
River. It secured us this great coast, and made impossible 
the ownership of a foreign power on any of our coast line'. 
It has helped to perfect our magnificent isolation, which 
is our great protection against foreign aggression. He 
thanked the Governor and committee for their kindly re- 
ception, and assured them that if he should have any com- 
plaints to make of his treatment in California it would be 
because its people had been too hospitable. 



COLTON, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 22. 

AT Colton the presidential party were enthusiastically 
greeted by several thousand people. The Citizens' Com- 
mittee comprised A. B. Miner, Chairman; Dr. Fox, J. B. 
Shepardson, Wilson Hays, W. H. Wright, F. M. Hubbard, 
Dr. Hutchinson, H. B. Smith, J. W. Davis, S. M. Goddard, 
J. B. Hanna, Captain Topp, W. W. Wilcox, M. A. Mur- 
phy, Prof. Mathews, R. A. Kuhn, C. B. Hamilton, J. M. 
White, Dr. Sprecher, Geo. E. Slaughter, R. F. Franklin, 
E. A. Pettijohn, E. E. Thompson, Dan Swartz, R. M. Mc- 
Kie, Wm. McCully and Proctor McCann. The committee 
appointed to wait on Mrs. Harrison were: Mesdames 
Hubbard, Button, Shepardson, Fuller, Gilbert, Shibley, 
Hebbard, and Wright. Twelve school-girls presented as 
many baskets of oranges to the lady of the White House. 

The President addressed the assemblage and said : 

My FcUow- citizens We have travelled now something more than 
3,500 miles. They have been 3,500 miles of cordial greeting from 
my fellow-citizens ; they have been 3,500 miles of perpetual talk. 
It would require a brain more fertile in resources, more diversi- 
fied in its operations than the State of California m its richness 



340 HARRISONS SPEECHES, 

and productions, to say something original or interesting at each 
one of these stopping places ; but 1 can say always with a warm 
heart to my fellow-citizens who greet me so cordially, who look to 
me out of such kindly faces, I thank you ; I am your servant in all 
things that will conduce to the general prosperity and happiness of 
the American people. 

Remote from us of the far East in distance, we are united to you 
not only by the ties of a common citizenship, by the reverence and 
honor we joyfully give to the one flag, but by those interchanges 
of emigration which have brought so many of the people of the 
older States to you. At every station where I have stopped since 
entering California some Hoosier has reached up his hand to greet 
me [laughter and cheers], and the omnipresent Ohio man, of 
course, I have found everywhere. I was assured by these gentle- 
men that they were making their full contributions to the develop- 
ment of your country, and that they have possessed themselves of 
their fair share of it. 

I have been greatly pleased this morning to come out of the land 
of the desert and the drifting sand into this land of homes and 
smiling w^omen and bright children. I have been glad to see these 
beautiful gardens and these fertile fields, and to know that you are 
now, by the economical collection and distribution of the waters 
of the hills, making all these valleys to blossom like the garden of 
Eden. We do not come to spy the land with any view of dispos- 
sessing you, as the original spies went into Palestine. We come 
simply to exchange friendly greetings, and we shall hope to carry 
aw^ay nothing that does not belong to us. [Cheers. ] 

If we shall leave your happy and prosperous State freighted with 
your good-will and love, as we shall leave ours with you, it will 
be a happy exchange. [Cheers. ] 



ONTARIO, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 22. 

AT Ontario the President received a most patriotic 
greeting ; throngs of school children brought him flowers. 
The Reception Committee was G. T. Stamm, I. S. Miller, 
E. P. Clarke, S. d Blood, R. E. Blackburn, G. W. A. 
Luckey, Dr. O. S. Ensign, Dr. R. H. Tremper, and O. S. 
Picher. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 341 

H. Z. Osborne, of the Los Angeles committee, introduced 
the President, who spoke as follows : 

My Friends I thank you for this cordial greeting. I am sure 
you will excuse me from extended remarks I have been subjected 
to such a strain in that direction that my brain needs irrigation 
to make it blossom with new thoughts. It to me is a pleasure to 
look into the intelligent faces of American citizens. No such peo 
pie gather in any other country as meet me at every station. They 
come from good homes, which are the safety of our commonwealth. 
I am pleased to see these children here. Good schools have every- 
where followed the pioneer. You have brought to this new coun- 
try the old New England ideas of thrift, of living on a little and 
having a good deal left over. [Cheers.] 



BANNING, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 22. 

BANNING, the gateway to Southern California, gave the 
presidential party an enthusiastic welcome and loaded 
them down with fruits and flowers. Mr. Louis Munson, 
editor of the Banning Herald, at the head of the Reception 
Committee, delivered the welcoming address. The next 
day at Arlington, where he had gone to again assist in 
receiving the President, Mr. Munson was suddenly taken 
with hemorrhage and died as the train passed. Other 
members of the committee were M. G. Kelley, "W. S. Hath- 
away, C. H. Ingelow, W. H. Ingelow, Dr. J. C. King, F. J. 
Clancy, W. Morris, and M. L. Bridge. Two hundred In- 
dian school children, in charge of Miss Morris and Father 
Hahn, were objects of interest to the party. 

Replying to Mr. Munson 's address, the President said 
that although the good people of Banning were far in 
point of distance from the seat of government, yet he was 
sure they were bound nearly and close to it by ties of loy- 
alty and of patriotism. He expressed his pleasure at meet- 
ing the citizens of Banning and his appreciation of their 
cordial welcome. 



342 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

POMONA, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 22. 

AT Pomona the President's car was profusely decorated 
with floral designs by the ladies of the town. The mem- 
bers of the Reception Committee were Senator J. E. Mc- 
Comas, Rev. Chas. F. Loop, W. E. Ward, W. M. Woody, 
A. H. Wilbur, F. P. Firey, C. I. Lorbeer, Capt, T. C. 
Thomas, Geo. Osgoodby, C. D.Ambrose, Con Howe, John 
E. Packard, and E. B. Smith. Vicksburg Post, G. A. R., 
H. H. Williams, Commander, was in attendance. 

Responding to their cheers and calls the President said : 

This cordial demonstration of respect, these friendly greetings, 
make me your debtor I beg to thank you for it all, and out of 
such gatherings as these, out of the friendly manifestations you 
have given me on my entrance to California, I hope to get new im- 
pulses to a more faithful and diligent discharge of the public duties 
which my fellow- citizens have devolved upon me. No man can feel 
himself adequate to these responsible functions, but I am sure if you 
shall judge your public servants to be conscientiously devoted to your 
interests, to the bringing to the discharge of their public duties a 
conscientious fidelity and the best intelligence with which they are 
endowed, you will pardon any shortcoming. Again I thank you 
for your friendliness and beg you to excuse me from further speech. 



LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 22. 

THE famous city of Los Angeles was reached at 3 
o'clock on the afternoon of the 22d. An ovation awaited 
the President and his party here the like of which they 
had not witnessed. They were met at Colton by a com- 
mittee of escort consisting of Mayor Henry T. Hazard 
and Mrs. Hazard, Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Spence, H. W. Hell- 
man, Gen. and Miss Mathews, W. C. Furrey and wife, 
Judge and Mrs. S. O. Houghton, A. W. Francisco and 
wife, Col. H. G. Otis and wife, J. A. Kelly and wife, H. 
Z. Osborne and wife, Capt. George J. Ainsworth, Mrs. Her- 
vey Lindley, E. H. Lamme, and L. 1S T . Breed. Fully 20,- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 343 

000 voices greeted the President's arrival at the station, 
where the members of the Citizens' Reception Committee, 
of which Mayor Hazard was Chairman, received him. 
This committee comprised the leading men of the city, 
among whom were Hon. R. F. Del Valle, Gen. John Mans- 
field, Gen. E. P. Johnson, Gen. A. McD. McCook, Gen. E. 
E. Hewitt, Maj. Geo. E. Gard, Hon. John R. Mathews, 
Maj. E.W.Jones, Col. H. C. Corbin, Maj. A. W. Barrett, 
Col. T. A. Lewis, En gene Germain, C. F. A. Last, J. 
Frankenfeld, W. H. Workman, Joseph Mesmer, L. I. 
Garnsey, G. J. Griffith, John W. Green, J. F. Humphreys, 
H. L. Macneil, A. E. Pomeroy, Frank W. Sabichi, I. H. 
Polk, J. W. Haverstick, S. B. Hynes, R. S. Baker, Harris 
Newmark, J. C. Kays, Maj. J. R. Toberman, I. R. Dunkle- 
berger, Maj. A. W. Elderkin, ex-Gov. Geo. Stoneman, K. 
H. Wade, A. E. Fletcher, Col. Joseph R. Smith, W. W. 
Howard, Maj. W. H. Toler, Capt. W. H. Seamans, George 
W. Bryant, Poindexter Dunn, Judge Lewis H. Groff, Hon. 
R. B. Carpenter, Maj. E. F. C. Klokke, Hon. S. M. White, 
W. H. Perry, S. C. Hubbell, S. H. Mott, I. 1ST. Van JSTuys, 
A. Haas, J. de Barth Shorfr, Maj. George S. Patton, Maj. 
E. L. Stem, Dr. H. Nadeau, K. Cohn, 0. W. Childs, Jr., 
L. Lichtenberger, A. H. Denker, Col. George H. Smith, 
A. Glassell, Herman Silver, Louis Mesmer, J. M. Elliott, 
S. B. Caswell, Dr. Eyraud, William R. Rowland, D. Ames- 
toy, J. M. [Glass, M. L. Wicks, J. A. Booty, Maj. A. F. 
Kimball, Capt. H. K. Bailey, Judge W. P. Wade, Judge 
Walter Van Dyke, Judge W. H. Clarke, Judge J. W. Mc- 
Kinley, Judge B. N. Smith, Judge Lucien Shaw, W. W. 
Robinson, A. Lowe, K. Loeb, Hancock Banning, Capt. 
Will Banning, T. W. Brotherton, W. J. Brodrick, M.S. 
Severance, J. Illich, Gen. D. Remick, R. Cohen, Fred 
Eaton, H. Siegel, V. Dol, M. Polaski, Dr. John S. Griffin, 
J. F. Humphreys, J. M. Davies, Washington Hadley, 
George C. Cook, Sanford Johnson, C. O. Collins, Col. F. A. 
Eastman, D. Desmond, C. Ducommun, James McLachlan, 



344 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

J. E. Plater, J. F. Towell, John S. Chapman, G. Wiley 
Wells, Judge Enoch Knight, J. W. Hendricks, George 
A. Vignolo, George R. Valiant, Philip Gamier, Judge W. 
P. Gardiner, T. J. Weldon, R. M. Widney, A. C. Shafer, 
Freeman G. Teed, Chas. H. White, John Keneally, Joseph 
Shoder, Judge J. D. Bicknell, Thomas A. Lewis, Dr. W. 
G. Cochran, Louis Phillips, Richard Gird, D. M. Mc- 
Garry, J. T. Sheward, J. M. Hale, B. F. Coulter, Andrew 
Mullen, H. Jevne, W. S. Moore, L. L. Bradbury, H. J. 
Fleishman, Dr. J. P. Widney, George L. Arnold, L. A. 
Sheldon, Will D. Gould, R. R. Haines, John McRae, C. J. 
Ellis, J. K. Tufts, Dan McFarland, L. Harris, L. Ebin- 
ger, A. E. Pomeroy, ex-Gov. J. G. Downey, ex-Gov. Pico, 
T. E. Rowan, O. T. Johnson, Col. W. G. Schreiber, Dr. 
W. Lindley, O. H. Churchill, W. G. Kerckhoff, J. A. 
Muir, Silas Hoolman, Hon. J. F. Crank, I. B. Newton, 
James Castruccio, J. A. Kelly, L. E. Mosher, A. F. Coronel, 
J. C. Daly, Dr. W. L. Graves, H. W. O'Melveny, J. H. 
Shanklin, Charles Froman, Albert M. Stephens, A. W. 
Hutton, Rev. W. J. Chichester, H. T. Gage, Anson Brun- 
son, Charles Silent, Dr. Joseph Kurtz, Judge T. K. Wilson, 
Rev. A. G. Meyer, Simon Maier, Jacob Kuhrts, Judge J. 
D. Bethune, Judge M. T. Allen, Albert McFarland, W. E. 
Hughes, Herman Silver, Williamson Dunn, R. J. Nor- 
tham, Capt. F. N. Marion, Capt. A. M. Thornton, L. Roe- 
der, H. T. Newell, E. A. Forrester, John W. Wolfskill, 
Joseph Wolfskill, H. J. Shoulter, Niles Pease, F. E. 
Brown, M. G. Jones, John J. Schallert, Walter Patrick, 
Charles F. Harper, F. W. King, J. M. Griffith, C. H. 
Hance, J. A. Henderson, Newell Mathews, John Wigmore, 
W. C. Howell, H. Baruch, L. W. Blum, Andrew W. 
Ryan, J. Schumacher, E. T. Wright, A. B. Whitney, H. 
C. Austin, A. E. Davis, M. Dodsworth, R. Rees, William 
Lacy, Jotham Bixby, J. W. Potts, L. A. Grant, T. H. 
Ward, George P. McLain, J. J. Warner, Henry Owens, 
F. M. Nickell, J. H. Dockweiler, Dan Lines, M. D. John- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 345 

son, Ed. D. Gibson, Charles Stern, H. D. Barrows, M. V. 
Biscailuz, H. Hiller, J. E. Yoakum, J. P. Moran, J. W. 
Hinton, George Hansen, Len J. Thompson, W. S. Max- 
well, L. Polaski, Theo. Summerland, Joseph Mullaly, P. 
Beaudry, James Hanley,L. Bixby, "William M. Friesner, C. 
Ganahl, Tom Strohm, B. T. Tolbert, Sherman Smith, John 
A. Hughes, H. V. Van Dusen, John Bernard, O. J. Much- 
more, C. F. Heinzman, J. C. Quinn, William Pridham, L. 
C. Goodwin, C. H. Alford, E. H. Hutchinson, W. H. 
Rhodes, A. McNally, E. E. Crandall, J. W. Hendrick, H. 
W. Mills, John Goldsworthy, Thomas Pierson, Robert E. 
Wirshing, Cyrus Vena, S. W. Luitweiler, R. H. Slater, H. 
Bartning, A. H. Denker, E. B. Millar, A. L. Bath, T. S. C. 
Lowe, Frank H. Howard, Joseph Maier, J. Frank Burns, 
Conrad Jacoby, Charles A. Homer, Judge A. Brunson, 
Mark G. Jones, D. McFarland, J. J. Gosper, J. M. Frew, 
R. Dillon, Dr. K.D. Wise, T. D. Mott, J.C. Dotter, W. T. 
Lambie, Frank Gibson, John Bryson, C. H. Bradley, V. 
Ponet, M. C. Marsh, F. J. Capitan, William Ferguson, 
M. Meyberg, L. Jacoby, H. Mosgrove, A. Hamburger, Al 
Workman, W. T. Dalton, S. Hutton, Dr. J. H. Bryant, 
Fred Gilmore, J. H. Book, C. E. Day, C. B. Wood- 
head, Gen. E. Bouton, Robert Steere, F. N. Meyers, L. M. 
Wagner, and F. E. Lopez. 

As the President passed through the crowded streets of 
the city, escorted by several hundred G. A. R. veterans, 
he encountered a veritable rain of flowers at the hands of 
several thousand school children. Arriving at the grand 
stand Mayor Hazard, for the Reception Committee, for- 
mally welcomed the President, ~who responded as follows : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow -citizens My stay among you will not be 
long enough to form an individual judgment of the quality of your 
people, but it has been long enough already to get a large idea of 
the number of them. [Cheers. ] I beg of you to accept my sincere 
thanks for this magnificent demonstration of your respect. I do 
not at all assume that these huzzas and streamers and banners with 



346 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

which you have greeted me to-day area tribute to me individually. 
I receive them as a most assuring demonstration of the love of the 
people of California for American institutions. [Great and pro- 
longed cheering.] And well are these institutions worthy of all 
honor. The flag that you have displayed here to-day, the one flag, 
the banner of the free and the symbol of the indissoluble union of 
the States, is worthy of the affections of our people. Men have 
died for it on the field of battle ; women have consecrated it with 
their tears and prayers as they placed the standard in the hands of 
brave men on the morning of battle. It is historically full of ten- 
der interest and pride. It has a glorious story on the sea in those 
times when the American navy maintained our prestige and suc- 
cessfully beat the navies of our great antagonist. [Cheers. ] 

It has a proud record from the time of our great struggle for in- 
dependence down to the last sad conflict between our own citizens. 
We bless God to-day that these brave men who, working out Hi 
purpose on the field of battle, made it again the symbol of a united 
people. [Cheers.] Our institutions, of which this flag is an em- 
blem, are free institutions. These men and women into whose 
faces I look are free men and women. I do not honor you by my 
presence here to-day. I hold my trust from you and you honor me 
in this reception. [Great cheers.] This magnificent domain on 
the Pacific coast, seized for the Union by the energy and courage 
and wise forethought of Fremont and his associates, is essential to 
our perfection. Nothing more important in territorial extension, 
unless it be the purchase of the territory of Louisiana and the con- 
trol of the Mississippi River, has ever occurred in our national his- 
tory. [Great cheering.] We touch two oceans, and on both w r e 
have built commonwealths and great cities, thus securing in that 
territory individuality and association which give us an assurance 
of perpetual peace. [Cheers.] No great conflict of arms can ever 
take place on American soil if we are true to ourselves and have 
forever determined that no civil conflict shall again rend our coun- 
try. [Cheers. ] 

We are a peace-loving Nation, and yet we cannot be sure that 
everybody else will be peaceful, and therefore I am glad that by the 
general consent of our people and by the liberal appropriations 
from Congress we are putting on the sea some of the best vessels 
of their class afloat [cheers], and that we are now prepared to put 
upon their decks as good guns as are made in the world ; and when 
wo have completed our programme, ship by ship, we will put in 
their forecastles as brave Jack Tars as serve under any flag. [Great 
cheering.] The provident caro of our Government should be given 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 347 

to your sea-coast defences until all these great ports of the Atlantic 
and Pacific are made safe. [Cheers. ] 

But, my countrymen, this audience overmatches a voice that has 
been in exercise from Roanoke, Va. , to Los Angeles. I beg you, 
therefore, again to receive my most hearty thanks and excuse me 
from further speech. [Great and prolonged cheering.] 

In the evening the President was escorted to the pavilion, 
with a view to receiving personally the citizens, but when 
he viewed the great assemblage he desisted from the her- 
culean task of taking each one by the hand, and instead 
thereof made the following address : 

Ladies and Gentlemen I thank you for the warm greeting that 
you have given me and the royal welcome you have extended to 
my party and myself to your lovely city. I am thoroughly aware 
of the non-partisan character of this gathering, and appreciate the 
good-will with which you have gathered here in this vast building 
to receive me. I had a touching evidence of the non-partisan char- 
acter of this gathering and the good-will as well just now when 
a man said to me : "I want to shake hands with you, even if I did 
lose a thousand dollars on your election. " There will be no trouble 
to keep the flame of patriotism and love of country glowing so long- 
as the American people thus manifest their loyalty to the officers 
whom the will of the people has placed in power. I thank you 
again for your good -will and hearty welcome. [Great cheering.] 



SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 23. 

THE presidential party reached San Diego Wednesday 
evening and was escorted at once to Coronado Beach 
Hotel. The Indiana residents of the city called upon the 
President shortly after his arrival, and Mr. Wright de- 
livered an address in their behalf. 

The President, in response, said : 

My Friends I regret that I can only say thank you. Our time is 
now due to the citizens of San Diego, and I have promised not to 
detain that committee. It is particularly pleasurable to me to see, 
as I have done at almost every station where our train stopped, 
some Indianiau, who stretched up the hand of old neighborship to 



348 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

greet me as I passed along. It is this intermingling of our people 
which sustains the merit of the home. The Yankee intermingles 
with the Illinoisian, the Hoosier with the Sucker, and the people 
of the South with them all ; and it is this commingling which gives 
that unity which marks the American Nation. I am glad to know 
that there are so many of you here, and as I said to some Hoosiers 
as I came along, I hope you have secured your share of these 
blessings. 

The formal reception of the President took place Thurs- 
day morning, when he was welcomed by Mayor Douglas 
Gunn, at the head of the following Committee of Recep- 
tion : Hon. John D. Works, Hon. Eli H. Murray, Hon. 
W. W. Bowers, Howard M. Kutchin, Hon. Olin Wellborn, 
E S. Babcock, Col. W. G. Dickinson, Col. Chalmers Scott, 
Hon. G. W Hardacre, W. J. Hunsaker, Hon. George Pu- 
terbaugh, E. S. Torrance, W. L. Pierce, Watson Parrish, 
M. A. Luce, K H. Conklin, Maj. Levi Chase, Col. E. J. 
Ensign, James P. Goodwin, M. L. Ward, Col. A. G. Gas- 
sen, James McCoy, Dr. R. M. Powers, W. N. King, A. E. 
Horton, L. S. McLure, T. S. Van Dyke, Col. John Kastle, 
Carl Schutze, Geo. D. Copeland, M. Sherman, H. L. Story, 
D. C. Reed, S. W. Switzer, Col. G. G. Bradt, Thos. Gard- 
ner, E. N. Buck, Dr. D. Gochenauer, Henry Timken, Col. 
W. L. Vestal, C. W. Pauly, Col. G. M. Bray ton, U. S. 
A.; Capt. Leonard Hay, Capt. W. R. Maize, Lieut. E. 
B. Robertson, John R. Berry, H. T. Christian, D. H. 
Hewitt, Col. A. G. Watson, Daniel Stone, W. E. Howard, 
J. S. Buck, R. C. Allen, A. V. Lomeli, Mexican Consul; 
J. B. Neilson, Danish Consul; J. W. Girvin, Hawaiian 
Consul; M. Blochman, French Vice-Consul; Bryant 
Howard, Jacob Gruendike, J. W. Collins, John Long, 
Frank A. Kimball, S. Levi, Gen. T. T. Crittenden, J. F. 
Sinks, Dr. P. C. Remondino, O. J. Stough, J. S. Man- 
nasse, Frank M. Simpson, J. E. Fishburne, Warren Wil- 
son, T. A. Nerney, H. C. Treat, F. S. Jennings, T. M. 
Loup, Dr. J. G. Beck, Capt. C. T. Hinde, G. S. Hav- 
ermale, H. A. Howard, Philip Morse, George W. Marston, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 349 

Fred N. Hamilton, E. W. Morse, J. S. Gordon, E. J. 
Louis, R. M. Dooley, E. W. Bushyhead, O. S. Witherby, 
W. J. Prout, William Collier, J. H. Gay, G. H, Ballou, 
F. S. Plympton, J. P. Winship, Tomas Alvarado, Col. 
E. B. Spileman, Ariosto McCrimmon, Paul H. Blades, 
and Walter G. Smith. 

Heintzelman Post, G. A. R., Gen. Datus E. Coon, Com- 
mander, participated in the reception, which was held on 
the Plaza. Mayor Gumi delivered the address of wel- 
come. 

The President, responding, said : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow-citizens I am in slavery to a railroad 
schedule, and have but a few moments longer to tarry in your beau- 
tiful city. If there were no other reward for our journey across 
the continent, we have seen to-day about your magnificent harbor 
that which would have repaid us for all the toil of travel. [Ap- 
plause. ] 

I do not come to tell you anything about California, for I have 
perceived in my intercourse with Californians in the East and dur- 
ing this brief stay among you that already you know all about Cal- 
ifornia. [Laughter. ] 

You are, indeed, most happily situated. Every element that 
makes life comfortable is here ; every possibility that makes life 
successful and prosperous is here; and I am sure, as I look into 
those kindly, upturned faces, that your homes have as healthful a 
moral atmosphere as the natural one that God has spread over your 
smiling land. 

It is with regret that we now part from you. The welcome you 
have extended to us is magnificent, kindly, and tasteful. We shall 
carry away the most pleasant impression, and shall wish for you 
all that you anticipate in your largest dreams for your beautiful 
city [cheers] that your harbor may be full of foreign and coast- 
wise traffic, that it may not be long until the passage of our naval 
and merchant marine shall not be by the Horn, but by Nicaragua. 
[Cheers.] I believe that great enterprise, which is to bring your 
commerce into nearer and cheaper contact with the Atlantic sea- 
board cities, both of this continent and of South America, will not 
be long delayed. 

And now, again with most grateful thanks for your friendly 
attention, in my own behalf and in behalf of all who journey with 
me I bid you a most kindly farewell. [Prolonged cheers. ] 



350 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

At the conclusion of the President's address Governor 
Torres, of Lower California, in the uniform of a Major- 
General of the Mexican army, approached the President 
and read the following telegram from Gen. Porfirio Diaz, 
President of Mexico : 

It has come to my knowledge that the President of the United 
States, Hon. Benjamin Harrison, shall visit San Diego on the 23d 
instant, and I let you know it so that you may call to congratulate 
him in my name and present him with my compliments. 

[Signed] PORFIRIO DIAZ. 

Responding to this friendly international salute, Presi- 
dent Harrison said : 

Governor Torres This message from that progressive and intelli- 
gent gentleman who presides over the destinies of our sister repub- 
lic is most grateful to me. I assure you that all our people, that 
the Government, through all its instituted authorities, entertain 
for President Diaz and for the chivalrous people over which he pre- 
sides the most friendly sentiments of respect. [Cheers and applause. ] 
We covet, sir, your good-will and those mutual exchanges which 
are mutually profitable, and we hope that the two republics may 
forever dwell in fraternal peace. 

As the President sat down Governor Torres remarked : 
" The Mexican people respond heartily to your kind 
wishes." 



SANTA ANA, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 23. 

ON the return route from San Diego the presidential 
train stopped at Santa Ana, a thriving town in Orange 
County, where 5,000 people had assembled to greet the 
Chief Magistrate. The Committee of Reception was John 
T. Nourse, C. S. McKelvey, W. S. Taylor, J. A. Crane, 
John Beatty, Geo. E. Edgar, Geo. T. Insley, Capt. H. T. 
Matthews, W. H. Drips, and Robert Cummings. Sedg- 
wick Post, G. A. R., H. F. Stone, Commander, was pres- 
ent. Prof. M. Mauley delivered the address of welcome, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 351 

and the Hon. W. H. Spurgeon, founder of the city, in- 
troduced the President, who spoke as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens I have already proved your hospitality. It is 
very, very generous, and it is very graceful. I have but one doubt 
in regard to it, and that is whether I can stand so much of it. 
[Laughter and applause.] It has given me great gladness of heart 
to look into your faces. I have been discharging some public busi- 
ness far remote from you, and I hope with some concern for your 
interest, for I have tried to take a wide view of public questions 
and to have in my mind a thought of the people of this great land. 

Our politics should be as broad as the territory over which our 
people have spread. It is a part of the history of the country which 
has always kept in memory the safety and interests of those who 
pushed civilization to the Rocky Mountains and over its rugged 
peaks into these fruitful valleys. I am glad to see here this after- 
noon these little children. The order in which they have assembled 
gives me assurance that they have come from the school-houses, 
those nurseries of knowledge and common interests in our Ameri- 
can States. 

I am glad that you grow not only the olive-tree in your garden, 
but that to the olive-trees that are planted in the household and 
bloom about your table you give your greatest attention. Now, 
thanking you very kindly and confessing very humbly that I am 
not able to repay you for your generous welcome, and leaving to 
all these little ones my best hopes for useful, prosperous, and honor- 
able lives, I bid you all good -by. 



ORANGE, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 23. 

THROUGH the zealous efforts of Mrs. T. I. Halsted, Pres- 
ident of the Woman's Relief Corps of Orange, Mrs. Emilie 
N. Tener, and others, the presidential train stopped at that 
town. The Committee of Reception was : Rev. A. Parker, 
Robert E. Tener, E. E. Risley, Wm. H. Arne, Mrs. E. B. 
Strong, H. W. Wilson, and D. C. Pixley. Gordon Granger 
Post, G.A.R., A. Meacham, Commander, was present in 
full force. 

Responding to enthusiastic cheers the President said : 
My Friends I am glad to look into your smiling faces, and I 
thank you for this welcome. California is a State that is favorably 



352 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

situated, and, so far as I can judge, this section is among the most 
favored in the State. There is no time for a speech, but we can 
shake hands with a few of those who are nearest. 



RIVERSIDE, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 23. 

ONE of the most enjoyable visits of the President and 
his party was to Riverside, San Bernardino County, where, 
on driving from Arlington station, they were welcomed 
by several thousand residents of the district. The JCom- 
mittee of Reception comprised Hon. H. M. Streeter, Judge 
W.W. Noland, Judge Harvey Potter, C. O. Perrine, Capt, 
C. H. Vosburg, C. M. Loring, A. P. Johnson, F. M. Dun- 
bar, A. Keith, C. T. Rice, Capt. J. T. Lawler, A. H. 
Naftzger, E. W. Holmes, F. McChoppin, Frank A. Mil- 
ler, G. W. Dickson, J. A. Wilbur, F. M. Heath, C. N. 
Andrews, J. R. Newberry, F. E. Abbott, W. C. Fitzsim- 
mons, D. W. McLeod, B. R. Williams, C. P. Hayt, and 
Mrs. S. A. Ames, representing the city of Riverside ; Mrs. 
C. W. Sylvester, representing the Woman's Relief Corps; 
Mrs. C. Button, representing the W. C. T. U., and Mrs. 
Davis. 

The President and Mrs. Harrison and all the other mem- 
bers of the party were treated to a delightful drive through 
the celebrated orange groves. The President was accom- 
pani ed by Hon. S. C . Evans. Returning from the groves the 
President's carriage was halted in front of the High School 
building, where 1,400 scholars and several thousand others 
had assembled. 

On being presented by Mr. Evans the President said : 

My Friends We can tarry only for a moment, as we are already 
behind the regular time for leaving. I cannot, however, drive by 
this large assemblage of friends, gathered to greet us on the way, 
without expressing the delight with which I have looked upon 
these beautiful surroundings. My trip from Washington has been 
full of pleasures and surprises, but nothing has given me greater 
surprise and more pleasure than the drive of this afternoon through 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 353 

this magnificent valley of Riverside. I am glad you are interested 
in cultivating the children as well as the orange, and I trust that 
their young minds may be kept as free from all that is injurious as 
these fine orange orchards are of weeds and everything that is nox- 
ious. May their lives be as fruitful as your trees, and their homes 
as happy and full of joy as this land seems to be of the bright sun- 
shine of God. 

The distinguished visitors then proceeded through the 
city and reviewed the parade, at the conclusion of which 
the President, speaking without introduction, said : 

My Friends I am sorry that we can tarry with you only for a 
moment. We are now twenty minutes behind our schedule time 
for leaving. If we should stay with you longer we should disap- 
point others who are waiting for us at an appointed time. 

We are grateful to you for your presence. I have enjoyed very 
much the ride through the valley. You are a favored people, and 
ought to be, ,s I have no doubt you are, a law-abiding, liberty- 
loving, and patriotic people. 



SAN BERNARDINO, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 23. 

ANOTHER typical gathering, full of California enthusi- 
asm, greeted the party at San Bernardino. The Reception 
Committee comprised C. C. Haskell, Chairman; J. C. 
Lynch, Hon. Samuel Merrill, W. A. Harris, Joseph Brown, 
J. N. Victor, L. C. Waite, Richard Gird, W. E. W. 
Lightfoot, W. B. Beamer, R. J. Waters, Truman Reeves, 
Dr. A. Thompson, Col. T. J. Wilson, D. A. Scott, A. S. 
Hawley, J. J. Hewitt, E. B. Stanton, A. G. Kendall, 
Dr. J. P. Booth, W. H. Timmons, Wilson Hays, Geo. 
Cooley, R. B. Taylor, H. A. Keller, E. E. Katz, Lewis 
Jacobs, H. L. Drew, N. G. Gill, and I. W. Lord. Mr. 
W. J. Curtis delivered the address of welcome. In re- 
sponse the President said : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow citizens I can only repeat to you what I 
have already had occasion to say to many similar audiences assem- 
bled in California, that I am delighted with my visit to the Pacific 
coast; that much as I had heard of the richness and high cultiva- 

23 



354 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

tion, what I have seen to-day in this great valley has far surpassed 
my expectations. You have subdued an unpromising soil and 
made it blossom as the rose ; but better than all the fruits and har- 
vests, and better than all the products of the field, is this intelligent 
population which out of their kindly faces extend to us a greeting 
wherever we go. 

I am glad, coming from the far East, to observe how greatly our 
people are alike. But that is not surprising, because I find all 
through this valley many Hoosiers and Buckeyes I knew at home. 
It is not singular that you should be alike when you are really and 
truly the same people, not only in lineage and general characteristics, 
but the same men and women we have known in the older States. 
And now I thank you again, and beg you will excuse me from 
further speech, with the assurance that if it were in my power I 
would double the rich blessings which you already enjoy. [Cheers. ] 



PASADENA, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 23. 

IT was 8 o'clock in the evening when the presidential 
train rolled into Pasadena, the home of Governor Mark- 
ham. The President's reception was notable for its marked 
enthusiasm. The committee of escort that met the party 
at Riverside was : Hon. J. A. Buchanan, Mayor T. P. 
Lukens, ex-Gov. L. A. Sheldon, Col. G. G. Green, Geo. 
F. Foster, and P. M. Green. A great assemblage greeted 
the President's arrival, which was celebrated by booming 
cannon, ringing bells, and bonfires. The Committee of 
Reception, comprising the following leading citizens, wel- 
comed the President and escorted him to the hotel : Gov. 
H. H. Markham, Chairman; J. H. Holmes, W. U. Mas- 
ters, C. M. Simpson, Geo. F. Kernaghan, Col. J. R. 
Bowler, Delos Arnold, M. M. Parker, W. H. Wiley, W. 

E. Arthur, J. W. Wood, Dr. W. L. McAllister, C. D. Dag- 
gett, Judge H. W. Magee, James Clarke, A. B. Manahan, 
J. W. Scoville, J. E. Farnum, M. D. Painter, T. Banbury, 
W. W. Webster, Prof. T. S. C. Lowe, Rev. E. L. Conger, 
Rev. D. D. Hill, Rev. J. W. Phelps, Hon. A. G. Throop, 

F. J. Woodbury, G. B. Ocheltree, G. A. Greely, W. L. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. . 355 

Wotkyns, C. S. Martin, A. R. Metcalfe, F. C. Bolt, E. 
R. Hull, Dr. Mohr, John McDonald, Judge A. McCoy, 

B. M. Wotkyns, A. K. McQuilling, S. Washburn, T. 
J. Rigg, T. Eaiiey, C. S. Cristy, A. C. Armstrong, A. 
McNally, J. Brock way, J. E. Howard, J. S. Hodge, 

C. W. Buchanan, O. S. Picher, Dr. Thomas R. Hayes, 
M. Fish, J. R. Greer, Jr., A. K. Nash, C. H. Richard- 
son, J. G. Rossiter, W. T. Vore, Rev. C. E. Harris, H. 
H. Rose, J. Banbury, A. Dodworth, Dr. Frary, Judge 
M. C. Hester, James H. Campbell, C. C. Brown, A. H. 
Conger, W. S. Wright, George Bremner, James Mc- 
Lachlan, J. S. Cox, C. T. Hopkins, O. E. Weed, J. H. 
Baker, L. Blankenhorn, W. S. Monroe, George F. Granger, 
W. S. Gilmore, Rev. L. P. Crawford, W. E. Channing, 
A. J. Painter, S. H. Doolittle, Dr. George Rodgers, E. E. 
Jones, W. D. McGilvray, Webster Wotkyns, Theodore 
Coleman, R. M. Furlong, J. W. Vandevoort, B. E. Ball, 
E. T. Howe, H. R. Hertel, Charles Foster, G. R. Thomas, 
A. F. Mills, Dr. W. B. Rowland, Dr. F. F. Rowland, Dr. 
Van Slyck, Rev. J. B. Stewart, D. R. McLean, C. M. 
Phillips, C. E. Tebbetts, William Heiss, H. W. Hines, H. 

E. Pratt, S. R. Lippincott, J. W. Hugus, W. P. Forsyth, 
O. Freeman, S. E. Locke, C. F. Holder, Capt. A. C. 
Drake, Prof. J. D. Yocum, J. H. Woodworth, General 
McBride, W. T. Clapp, E. H. Royce, Charles Legge, Calvin 
Hartwell, J. O. Lowe, T. C. Foster, T. L. Hoag, Dr. Ezra 

F. Carr, E. H. May, Dr. Mansfield, G. D. Patton, Prof. S. 
C. Clark, H. H. Visscher, F. R. Harris, Capt, A. L. Hamil- 
ton, J. S. Mills, H. B. Sherman, R. C. Slaughter, James 
Smith, S. C. Arnold, I. 1ST. Sears, Chas. A. Smith, Wm. 
Menner, S. H. Yocum, D. W. Permar, John Permar, I. N". 
Wood, Emil Kayser, N. W. Bell, Rev. E. E. Scannell, 
Rev. H. T. Staats, W. R. Staats, F. L. Bushnell, H. C. 
Allen, Rev. A. W. Bunker, Rev. James Kelso, Judge J. P. 
Nelson, C. J. Morrison, M. Rosenbaum, E. S. Frost, F. B. 
Wetherby, W. J. McCaldin, A. J. Brown, Dr. Philbrook, 



356 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Captain Rogers, Dr. S. P. Swearingen, Fred McNally, J. E. 
Doty, F. D. Stevens, O. Stewart Taylor, A. F. M. Strong, 
C.M.Parker, C. E. Langford, G. E. Meharry, Maj. C. M. 
Skillen, Judge B. F, Hoffman, Henry Washburn, Capt. 
A. Wakeley, W. S. Nosworthy, J. G. Shoup, Mrs. I. B. 
Winslow, Geo. W. Sheaff, Mrs. T. H. Kuhns, P. G. Woos- 
ter, A. McLean, F. L. Jones, Dr. A. H. Palmer, J. J. Allen, 
E. C. Webster, Arturo Bandini, Will Forbes, W. W. 
Mills, Mrs. Dr. Elliott, L. C. Winston, S. S. Vaught, I. 
N". Stevenson, John Habbick, Thomas Croft, Wm. J. Craig, 
M. A. De Forest, R. K. Janes, C. W. Mann, John Sed- 
wiek, Homer Morris, Perry Bonham, Prof. Kyle, R. W. 
Lacey, Dr. J. C. Michener, A. A. Choteau, A. O. Bristol, 
Dr. J. M. Radebaugh, J. F. Mullen, T. M. Livingston, G. 
W.Stimson, W. E. Cooley, W.S.Arnold, W. H. Housh, 
E. W. Longley, C. W. Hodson, J. D. Graham, M. E. 
Wood, F. S. Wallace, Prof. W. P. Hammond, C. S. 
Howard, Joseph Wallace, Robert Vandevoort, H. K. W. 
Bent, John Allen, George Goings, Jeans James Coleman, 
Aug. Mayer, Geo. Taylor, J. D. Requa, Rev. A. M. Mer- 
win, W. B. Mosher, P. F. McGowan, G. A. Gibbs, F. 
K. Burnham, and C. E. Brooks. 

The women's Reception Committee to receive Mrs. Har- 
rison and the other ladies in the party consisted of : Mrs. 
L. A. Sheldon, Mrs. J. A. Buchanan, Mrs. J. W. Wood, 
Mrs. C. D. Daggett, Mrs. J. R. Bowler, Mrs. James Clarke, 
Miss Greenleaf, Mrs. W. E. Arthur, and Mrs. W. U. Mas- 
ters. 

It was 11 o'clock at night when the President and the 
gentlemen of his party attended an elegant banquet at the 
Hotel Green, over which the Hon. W. U. Masters presided. 
Mr. Buchanan proposed the President's health in words of 
welcome. 

President Harrison, responding, said : 

Gentlemen I beg you to accept my thanks for this banquet spread 
in honor of this community of strangers who have dropped in upon 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 357 

you to-night. We come to you after dark. I am not, therefore, 
prepared to speak of Pasadena. When the sun shall have lightened 
your landscape again and our expectant eyes shall have rested upon 
its glories, I shall be able to give you iny impressions of your city, 
which I am already prepared to believe is one of the gems in the 
crown of California. [Applause.] 

Perhaps no other place in California has by name been more 
familiar to me than Pasadena, if you except your great commercial 
city of San Francisco. That comes from the fact that many of 
your early settlers were Indiana friends. I am glad to meet some 
of these friends here to-night. It is pleasant to renew these old 
acquaintances, to find that they have been received with esteem in 
this new community. I have found a line of Hoosiers all along 
these railroads we have been traversing. 

Everywhere our train has stopped some Hoosier has lifted his 
hand to me, and often by dozens. As I said the other day, 
Ohio men identify themselves to me by reason of that State being 
my birthplace, but it is not a surprise to me to find an Ohio man 
anywhere. [Laughter.] Ohio people are especially apt to be found 
in the vicinity of a public office. [Laughter.] I suppose whatever 
good fortune has come to me in the way of political preferment 
must be traced to the fact that I am a Buckeye by birth. [Laugh- 
ter. ] And now I thank you most cordially again for your attention 
and kindness. California has been full of the most affectionate 
interest to us. I have never looked into the faces of a more happy 
and intelligent people than those I have seen on the Pacific coast. 
[Applause. ] 

You occupy the most important position in the sisterhood of 
States, stretching for these several hundred miles along the Pacific 
shore. You have fortunate birth, and your history has been a suc- 
cession of fortunate surprises. You have wrought out here great 
achievements in converting these plains that seemed to be so un 
promising to the eye into such gardens as cannot be seen anywhere 
else upon the continent. [Applause. ] 

And now, when I remind you that bedtime was 1 o'clock last 
night and the reveille sounded at 6 o'clock this morning on our 
car, I am sure you will permit me to say good- night. [Applause.] 



358 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



SAN FERNANDO, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 24. 

THE first stop on Friday was at Sail Fernando, the home 
of Dr. J. K. Hawks, who for twenty years was General 
Harrison's near neighbor. The Committee of Reception 
was: R. P. Waite, S. Maclay, J. Burr, J. S. Kerns, C. 
Smith, Colonel Hubbard, Mesdames Bodkin, Hubbard, 
Smith, and Misses Platt, Gower, and Jennie Hawks. 

Dr. Hawks made a brief address of welcome and intro- 
duced the President, who said : 

Ladies and Gentlemen I am pleased to be introduced to you by 
my old and honored friend, and I do sincerely hope that he has 
won your respect to the same extent which I learned to respect him 
when he was my neighbor. I hope you will excuse me from speak- 
ing further. I thank you all for your friendly greeting. 



SANTA PAULA, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 24. 

THE thriving town of Santa Paula, Ventura County, 
gave the President and his party a hearty reception, dis- 
tinguished above others by a truly mammoth floral piece 
24 feet long by 6 feet in width, covered with calla-lilies, 
and bearing the word " Welcome " in red geranium letters 
40 inches in height. The Committee of Reception was : 
W. L. Hardison, Chairman; Casper Taylor, Rev. F. D. 
Mather, C. J. McDevitt, F. A. Morgan, F. E. Davis, J. B. 
Titus, C. H. McKevett, K W. Blanchard, Dr. D. W. Mott, 
C. N. Baker, A. Wooleven, Harry Youngken, and S. C. 
Graham. The Major Eddy Post, G. A. R., Henry Proc- 
tor, Commander, was present. 

Maj. Joseph R. Haugh, an old Indianapolis acquaint- 
ance, welcomed the President on behalf of the commit- 
tee. President Harrison, replying, said : 

My Friends I cannot feel myself a stranger in this State, so dis- 
tant from home, when I am greeted by some familiar faces from 
my Indiana home at almost every station. Your fellow-citizen who 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 359 

lias spoken in your behalf was an old-time Indianapolis friend. I 
hope he is held in the same esteem in which he was held by the 
people among whom he spent his early years as a boy and man. 
[Cries of "He is!"] That you should have gone to the pains to 
make such magnificent decorations and to come out in such large 
numbers for this momentary greeting very deeply touches my heart. 
I have never seen in any State of the Union what seems to me to 
be a more happy and contented people than I have seen this morn- 
ing. Your soil and sun are genial, healthful, and productive, and 
I have no doubt that these genial and kindly influences are mani- 
fested in the homes that are represented here, and that there is 
sunshine in the household as well as in the fields ; that there is con- 
tentment and love and sweetness in these homes as well as in these 
gardens that are so adorned with flowers. Our pathway has been 
strewn with flowers ; we have literally driven for miles over flowers 
that in the East would have been priceless, and these favors have 
all been accompanied with manifestations of friendliness for which 
I am very grateful, and everywhere there has been set up as having 
greater glory than sunshine, greater glory than flowers, this flag 
of our country. [Applause.] Everywhere I have been greeted by 
some of these comrades, veterans of the late war, whose presence 
among you should be the inspiration to increased patriotism and 
loyalty. I bid them affectionate greeting, and am sorry that I 
cannot tarry with them longer. [Cheers.] 



SAN BUENAVENTURA, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 24. 

THREE thousand people welcomed the party at San 
Buenaventura, including nearly 1,000 school-children, who 
bounteously provided the President and Mrs. Harrison 
with flowers. The Reception Committee consisted of: 
Mayor J. S. Collins, J. R. Willoughby, E. M. Jones, P. 
Bennett, C. D. Bonestel, 1ST. H. Shaw, and Gushing Post, 
G. A. R., D. M. Rodibaugh, Commander. 

Gen. William Vandever welcomed the party, and the 
President spoke as follows : 

My Friends I am very glad to meet my old friend and your for- 
mer representative, General Vandever. I have had some surprise 
at almost every station at which we have stopped. I did not know 
until he came upon the platform that this was his home. I have 



360 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

not time to make a speech, and I have not the voice to make one. 
I can only say of these hearty and friendly Californians that my 
heart is deeply touched with this evidence of friendly regard. You 
have strewn my way with flowers , you have graced every occa- 
sion, even the briefest stop, with a most friendly greeting, and I 
assure you that we are most grateful for it all. You are fortunate 
in your location among the States ; and I am sure that in all this 
great republic nowhere is there a more loyal and patriotic people 
than we have here on the Pacific coast. I thank you again for this 
greeting. [Cheers. ] 



SANTA BARBARA, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 24. 

THE reception at Santa Barbara was the most unique 
that the presidential party experienced on their trip, and 
also one of the most enjoyable ; it was a veritable flower 
carnival. 

Leading the procession was a Spanish cavalcade com- 
manded by Carlos de la Guerra. The President's escort 
was a cavalcade of children marshalled by Mrs. Schermer- 
horn, with flower-decked saddles and bridles; then fol- 
lowed over 100 flower-trimmed equipages, each displaying 
a different design and flower and bespeaking the marvel- 
lous flora of Santa Barbara in the month of April. The 
stand from whence the President reviewed the procession 
and witnessed the Battle of Flowers was a floral triumph ; 
20,000 calla-lilies were used in its decoration and as many 
bright-colored flowers. The battle scene occurred on the 
grand stand, immediately opposite the reviewing stand, 
between several hundred ladies and gentlemen. The 
whole was a spectacle to be witnessed but once in a life- 
time. The parade was under the direction of Grand Mar- 
shal D. W. Thompson, assisted by specal aids George 
Culbertson, Dr. H. L. Stambach, T, R. Moore, Samuel 
Stanwood, Paschal Hocker, and C. A. Fernald. The Com- 
mittee of Reception comprised Mayor P. J. Barber, C. F. 
Eaton, W. W. Burton, W. C. Clerk, I. G. Waterman, D. 
Baxter, E. P. Roe, Jr., C. E. Bigelow, Alston Hayne, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 3G1 

Frank Stoddard, L. P. Lincoln, W. K Hawley, J. W. 
Calkins, Geo. A. Edwards, C. C. Hunt, Edward M. Hoit, 
Hon. E. H. Heacock, Dr. J. M. McNulta, W. B. Cope, C. F. 
Swan, W. M. Eddy, J. C. Wilson, K. B. Canfield; also, 
Joseph Sexton, of Goleta; E. J. Knapp, of Carpinteria; T. 
R. Bard, of Hueneme; K. E. Jack and E. W. Steele, of San 
Luis Obispo; H. H. Poland, of Lompoc, and Dr. W. T. 
Lucas and Thomas Boyd, of Santa Maria. Starr King 
Post, G. A. R., C. A. Storke, Commander, participated in 
the reception. 

After witnessing the parade the entire party, including 
the ladies, visited the ancient Mission of Santa Barbara 
and were taken within its sacred precincts, it being the 
second occasion on which any woman was admitted. At 
night they witnessed a Spanish dance, conducted by many 
ladies and gentlemen, under the direction of F. M. Whit- 
ney, Mrs. Bell, and Mrs. Dibblee. The eventful day closed 
with a public reception, participated in by 15,000 people. 

Gen. Wm. Vandever delivered an address of welcome, 
to which the President, responding, said : 

General Vandever, Gentlemen of the Committee and Friends 
If I have been in any doubt as to the fact of the perfect identity 
of your people with the American Nation, that doubt has been dis- 
placed by one incident which has been prominent in all this trip, 
and that is that the great and predominant and all-pervading Amer- 
ican habit of demanding a speech on every occasion has been char- 
acteristically prominent in California. [Laughter.] I am more 
than delighted by this visit to your city. It has been made brill- 
iant with the display of banners and flowers one the emblem of 
our national greatness and prowess, the other the adornment which 
God has given to beautify nature. With all this I am sure I have 
read in the faces of the men, women and children who have greeted 
me that these things these flowers of the field and this flag, repre- 
senting organized government typify what is to be found in the 
homes of California. The expression of your welcome to-day has 
been unique and tasteful beyond description. I have not the words 
to express the high sense of appreciation and the amazement that 
filled the minds of all our party* as we looked upon this display 
which you have improvised for our reception. No element of 



3G2 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

beauty, no ^element of taste, no element of gracious kindness lias 
been lacking in it, and for that \ve tender you all our most hearty 
thanks. We shall keep this visit a bright spot in our memories. 
[Applause. ] 



BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 25. 

THE first stop of the presidential train on Friday, April 
25, was at Bakersfield, the gateway of the famous San 
Joaquin Valley, which was reached at 8 : 30 in the morn- 
ing. Fifteen hundred residents greeted the President, who 
was met by W. E. Houghton, W. H. Scribner, W. Can- 
field, and C. E. Sherman, constituting a special Commit- 
tee of Reception. The general committee for the occasion 
comprised the following prominent citizens : N. R. Pack- 
ard, E. M. Roberts, John J. Morrison, Emil Dinkelspiel, 
H. L. Borgwardt, Jr., J. Neideraur, P. Galtes, O. D. Fish, 
H. A. Jastro, Geo. K. Ober, Dr. Helm, J. J. Mack, E. A. 
Pueschel, S. K Reed, H. A. Blodget, C. A. Maul, Chas. E. 
Jewett, A. Harrell, G. W. Wear, Wm. Montgomery, John 
Barker, H. P. Olds, E. Willow, B. Brundage, B. A. Hay- 
den, F. H. Colton, W. H. Cook, B. Ardizzi, C. C. Cow- 
gill, L. S. Rogers, John O. Miller, Geo. G. Carr,- N. R. 
Wilkinson, A. Weill, H. C. Lechner, S. W. Wible, Dr. 
John Snook, L. McKelvy, A. Morgan, E. C. Palmes, 
John S. Drury, W. A. Howell, A. C. Maude, Chas. Van- 
clever, Alonzo Coons, T. A. Metcalf, R. M. Walker, Rich- 
ard Hudnut, Sol. Jewett, J. C. Smith, S. A. Burnap, H. 
H. Fish, S. W. Fergusson, J. W. Mahon, A. Fay, Chas. 
Bickirdike, H. F. Condict, H. C. Park, and I. L. Miller. 

A large number of beautiful bouquets were showered 
upon the party here. Judge A. R. Conklin made the wel- 
coming address. President Harrison spoke as follows : 

My Friends I am very much obliged to you for your friendly 
greeting and for these bouquets. You must excuse me if I seem a 
little shy of the bouquets. I received one in my eye the other 
day which gave me a good deal of trouble. You are very kind to 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 363 

meet us here so early in the morning with this cordial demonstra- 
tion. It has been a very long journey, and has been accompanied 
with some fatigue of travel, but we feel this morning, in this 
exhilarating air and this sweet sunshine, and refreshed with your 
kind greeting, as bright and more happy than when we left the 
national capital. 

I am glad to feel that here, on the western edge of the continent, 
in this Pacific State, there is that same enthusiastic love for the 
flag, that same veneration and respect for American institutions, 
for the one Union and the one Constitution, that is found in the 
heart of the country. We are one people absolutely. We follow 
not men, but institutions. We are happy in the fact that though 
men may live or die, come or go, we still have that toward which 
the American citizen turns with confidence and veneration this 
great Union of the States devised so happily by our fathers. Gen- 
eral Garfield, when Mr. Lincoln was stricken down by the foul 
hand of an assassin, and when that great wave of dismay and grief 
swept over the land, standing in a busy thoroughfare of New York, 
could say : " The Government at Washington still lives. " It is 
dependent upon no man. It is lodged safely in the affections of 
the people, and having its impregnable defence and its assured 
perpetuity in their love and veneration for law. [Cheers.] 



TULARE, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 25. 

TULA RE was reached at 10 o'clock. Nearly 0,000 peo- 
ple awaited the President's arrival. Capt. Thomas H. 
Thompson, E. W. Holland, and Hon. O. B. Taylor met 
the distinguished travellers. The other members of the 
committee were: Hon. John. G. Eckles, Hon. J. O. Love- 
joy, I. N. Wright, J. Wolfrom, E. T. Cosper, Hon. J. W. 
Davis, Sam Richardson, Dr. C. F. Taggart, M. W. Cooley, 
H. H. Francisco, C. C. Brock, James Scoon, D. O. Ham- 
man, J. L. Bachelder, R. B. Bohannan, James Morton, 
A. O. Erwin, J. B. Zumwalt, Hon. E. De Witt, Alfred 
Fay, J. H. Whited, J. A. Goble, W. L. Blythe, M. M. 
Burnett, Scott Bowles, R. L. Reid, F. M. Shultz, B. F. 
Moore, F. Rosen thai, Henry Peard, Sam Blythe, J. A. 
Allen, E. Lathrop, E. J. Cox, J. F. Boiler, Hon. G. S. 



364 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Berry, R. Linder, Miles Ellsworth, R. 1ST. Hough, C. F. 
Hall, Dr. E. W. Dutcher, M. Premo, Hon. John Roth, A. 
Borders, T. W. Maples, E. D. Lake, S. S. Ingham, D. W. 
Madden, Sam Newell, M. C. Hamlin, W. C. Ambrose, H. 
C. Faber, C. Talbot, L. E. Schoenemann, M. C. Hunt, 
G. W. Zartman, A. P. Hall, J. H. Woody, Isaac Roberts, 
Capt. E. Oakford, J. C. Gist, H. F. Tandy, C. F. Stone, 
and Dr. B. M. Alford. 

The committee escorted the presidential party to a 
unique platform constructed inside the stump of a gigan- 
tic redwood tree, and there was ample seating capacity 
upon the platform for the entire party; about the base of 
the great stump were arranged boxes of elegant flowers. 
Mrs. Harrison and the other ladies in the party were es- 
corted to the stand by Mrs. E. B. Oakford, Mrs. T. H. 
Thompson, Mrs. G. J. Reading, and Mrs. Patrick, of 
Visalia. Gettysburg Post, G. A. R., and Company E, 
from Visalia, were a guard of honor to the Chief Magis- 
trate. 

Governor Markham introduced the President, who spoke 
as follows: 

My Friends This seems to be a very happy and smiling audience, 
and I am sure thai the gladness which is in your hearts and in 
your faces does not depend at all upon the presence of this little 
company of strangers who tarry with you for a moment. It is 
horn of influences and conditions that are permanent. It comes of 
the happy sunshine and sweet air that are over your fields, and still 
more from the contentment, prosperity, and love and peace that 
are in your households. California has been spoken of as a won- 
derland, and everywhere we have gone something new, interesting, 
and surprising has been presented to our observation. There has 
been but one monotone in our journey, and that is the monotone of 
universal welcome from all your people. [Cheers.] Everything 
else has been new and exceptional at every stop. 

My own heart kindles with gladness, my own confidence in 
American interests is firmer and more settled as I mingle with the 
great masses of our people. You are here in a great agricultural 
region, reclaimed from desert waste by the skill and energy of 
man a region populated by a substantial, industrious, thrifty, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 365 

God-fearing people, a people devoted to the institutions under 
which they live, proud to be Americans, feeling that the American 
birthright is the best heritage they can hand down to their chil- 
dren ; proud of the great story of our countiy from the time of inde- 
pendence to this day ; devoted to institutions that give the largest 
liberty to the individual and at the same time secure social order. 
Here is the firm foundation upon which our hopes for future 
security rest. What but our own neglect, what but our own 
unfaithfulness, can put in peril either our national institutions or 
our local organizations of government? True to ourselves, true to 
those principles which we have embodied in our Government, there 
is to the human eye no danger that can threaten the firm base of 
our institutions. 

I am glad to see and meet these happy children. I feel like 
kneeling to them as the future sovereigns of this country, and feel 
as if it were a profanation to tread upon these sweet flowers that 
they have spread in my pathway. God bless them, every one; 
keep them in the lives they are to live from all that is evil, fill 
their little hearts with sunshine and their mature lives with grace 
and usefulness. [Cheers.] 



FRESNO, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 25. 

A CROWD of 10,000 greeted the party at Fresno; up- 
ward of 1,000 school children were present, led by Profes- 
sors Heaton, Sturges, and Sheldon. The Committee of 
Reception consisted of Mayor S. H. Cole, Dr. Chester A. 
Rowell, F. G. Berry, Dr. A. J. Pedlar, Dr. St. George 
Hopkins, W. W. Phillips, I. N. Pattison, Louis Einstein, 
Nathan W. Moodey, C. W. De Long, and J. C. Herring- 
ton. Altanta Post, G. A. R., Capt. Fred Banta, Com- 
mander, also Company C, National Guard, Capt. M. W. 
Muller, and Company F, Capt. C. Chisholm, participated 
in the reception. A number of handsome floral designs 
and other mementoes were presented to the several mem- 
bers of the party. 

Dr. Rowell delivered the welcoming address. President 
Harrison, responding, said : 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

My Fellow -citizens It is altogether impossible for me to reach 
with my voice this vast concourse of friends. I can only say I am 
profoundly grateful for this enthusiastic greeting. I receive with 
great satisfaction the memento you have given me of the varied 
products of this most fertile and happy valley. I shall carry it 
\vith me to Washington as a reminder of a scene that will never 
fade from my memory. It is very pleasant to know that all these 
pursuits that so much engage your thoughts and so industriously 
employ your time have not turned your minds away from the love 
of the flag and of those institutions which spread their secure 
power over all your homes. What is it that makes the scattered 
homes of our people secure? There is no policeman at the door; 
there is no guard to accompany us as we move across this great 
continent. You and I are in the safe keeping of the law and of 
the affection and regard of all our people. Each respects the rights 
of the other. I am glad to receive this manifestation of your 
respect. I am glad to drink in this morning with this sunshine 
and this sweet balmy air a new impulse to public duty, a new love 
for the Union and flag. It is a matter of great regret that I can 
return in such a small measure your affectionate greeting. I wish 
it were possible I could greet each one of you personally, that it 
were possible in some way other than in words to testify to you 
my grateful sense of your good-will. [Cheers. ] 



MERCED, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 25. 

THE presidential party arrived at Merced shortly after 
noon and was welcomed by several thousand enthusiastic 
residents. The Committee of Reception was composed 
of the following representative citizens: E. T. Dixon, 
Maj. G. B. Cook, L. R. Fancher, C. H. Marks, E. M. 
Stoddard, S. A. D. Jones, Frank Howell, W. J. Quigley, 
M. Goldman, C. E. Fleming, J. H. Rogers, J. A. Nor- 
vell, Thomas Harris, Maj. C. Ralston, F. H. Farrar, 
R. N. Hughes, Judge J. K. Law, Thomas H. Leggett, 
and H. J. Ostrander. Hancock Post, G. A. R., J. Q. 
Blackburn, Commander, participated in the reception. 
Three little girls, Dottie Nor veil, Mattie Hall, and Baby 
Ingalsbe, representing the citizens of Merced, presented 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 3G7 

Mrs. Harrison with a beautiful souvenir in the shape of a 
large American flag woven from roses and violets. 

Chairman Dixon made the welcoming address, and 
President Harrison replied in the following words : 

My Fellow-citizens I have scarcely been able to finish a meal 
since I have been in California. [Laughter. ] I find myself hardly 
seated at the table till some one reminds me that in about five 
minutes I am to meet another throng- of cordial and friendly peo- 
ple. But I think I could have subsisted on this trip through Cali- 
fornia without anything to eat, and have dined the while upon the 
stimulus and inspiration which your good-will and kindly greet- 
ings have given me. I do not think, however, from what I have 
seen of these valleys, that it will be necessary for any one to live 
\vithout eating. [Laughter.] I have been greatly delighted with 
the agricultural richness, with the surprises in natural scenery, and 
in the production which have met us on this journey. Everywhere 
something has been lying in ambush for us, and when I was think- 
ing of prunes and English walnuts and oranges we suddenly pulled 
up to a station where they had a pyramid of pig tin to excite our 
wonder and interest at the variety of the production in this mar- 
vellous State. But let me say, above all those fruits and flowers, 
above all these productions of mine and field, I have been most 
pleased with the men and women of California. [Applause.] It 
gives me great pleasure, too, to meet everywhere these little ones. 
I am fond of children. They attract my interest always, and the 
little ones of my own household furnish about the only relaxation 
and pleasure I have at Washington. [Applause.] I wish for your 
children and for you, out of whose homes they come, and where 
they are treasured with priceless affection and tender supervision, 
all the blessings that a benign Providence and a good Government 
can bestow. I shall be glad if in any way I have the opportunity 
to conserve and promote your interests. [Cheers. ] 



MODESTO, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 25. 

MODESTO was reached at 2:40 P.M. The veterans of 
Grant Post, G. A. R., with Company D, N. G. C., and 
several hundred citizens, gave the President a rousing 
greeting. The Committee of Reception was Hon. John 8. 
Alexander, Charles A. Post, and Rev. Dr. Webb. 



308 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

George Perley introduced President Harrison, who 
spoke as follows : 

Fellow-citizens It is very pleasant for me to meet here, as at all 
the stations I have passed, a kindly assembly of my fellow-country- 
men. We do not need any one to watch us, nor do we need to keep 
watch against anybody else. Peace and good-will characterize our 
communities. I was quite amused at a station not far from here 
to hear a wondering Chinaman remark as he came up to the train, 
"Why, they have no guns on board!" [Laughter.] How different 
it is with us ! no retinue, no guards. We travel across this broad 
country safe in the confidence and fellowship and kindness of its 
citizenship. What other land is there like it? Where else are 
there homes like ours? Where else institutions so free and yet so 
adequate to all the needs of government, to make the home and 
community safe, to restrain the ill-disposed, and everywhere to 
promote peace and individual happiness? 

We congratulate each other that we are American citizens. 
Without distinction of party, without taking note of the many 
existing differences of opinion, we are all glad to do all in our 
power to promote the dignity and prosperity of the country we 
love. We cannot love it too much ; we cannot be too careful that 
all our influence is on the side of good government and of Ameri- 
can interests. We do not wish ill to any other nation or people in 
the world, but they must excuse us if we regard our own fellow- 
citizens as having the highest claim on our regard. We will 
promote such measures as look to our own interests. [Cheers. J 



LATHROP, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 25. 

THE President's arrival at Lathrop was celebrated by 
several thousand residents, re-enforced by large delegations 
from the neighboring city of Stockton. The Committee 
of Reception consisted of James J. Sloan, A. Henry 
Stevens, Z. T. White, O. H. P. Bailey, E. Jesurun, T. 
B. Walker, W. S. Reyner, D. Sanguinite, Geo. H. Seay, 
O. D. Wilson, C. F. Sherburne, F. D. Simpson, and F. J. 
Walker. The Committee of Reception appointed by the 
Mayor of Stockton, and participating in behalf of that 
city, was J. K. Doak, F. J. Ryan, I. S. Haines, Willis 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 369 

Lynch, H. R. McNoble, J. M. Dormer, and F. T. Baldwin. 
A feature of the reception was 100 school children, each 
carrying a bouquet, which they presented to the President 
and Mrs. Harrison, both of whom kissed several of the 
little donors. Postmaster Sloan delivered the welcoming 
address. The President, responding, said : 

My Fellow -citizens I should be less than human if I were not 
touched by the rapid succession of hearty greetings received by us 
in our journey through California. I should be more than human 
if I were able to say something new or interesting at each of these 
assemblies. 

My heart has but one language : it is, " I thank you. " 

Most tenderly do I feel as an individual so much of this kindness 
as is personal to me, and as a public official I am most profoundly 
grateful that the American people so unitedly show their love and 
devotion to the Constitution and the flag. 

We have a Government of the majority ; it is the original com- 
pact that when the majority has been fairly counted at the polls, 
the expressed \vill of that majority, taking the form of public law 
enacted by State Legislatures or the national Congress, shall be the 
sole rule of conduct of every loyal man. [Cheers.] 

We have no other king than law, and he is entitled to the alle- 
giance of every heart and bowed knee of every citizen. [Cries of 
"Good! good!" and cheers. ] 

I cannot look forward with any human apprehension to any 
danger to our country, unless it approaches us through a corrupt 
ballot-box. [Applause. ] Let us keep that spring pure, and these 
happy valleys shall teem with an increasing population of happy 
citizens, and our country shall find in an increasing population 
only increased unity and strength. [Cheers.] 



SAN FEANCISCO, APRIL 25. 

AT Keyes Station, near Merced, the presidential train 
was joined by a special car containing the San Francisco 
escort committee. The following gentlemen composed 
the party and represented the organizations named : Mex- 
ican Veterans Maj. R. P. Hammond. California Pio- 
neers L. L. Baker, W. B. Farwell, Nathaniel Holland, 



370 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

and Col. A. W. von Schmidt. Citizens' Committee E. 
S. Pillsbury, J. B. Crockett, M. M. Estee, Irving M. Scott, 
W. D. English, and Rev. Dr. Samuel V. Leech. Loyal 
Legion and Grand Army of the Republic Chief Engineer 
J.W.Moore, U. S. N"., Commander Loyal Legion; Past 
Senior Yice-Commander-in-Chief S. W. Backus; Past 
Department Commanders W. H. Aiken, E. Carlson, C. 
Mason Kinne, W. A. Robinson, R. H. Marfield, W. R. 
Smedburg, E. S. Salomon, T. H. Goodman, G. E. Gard, 
and A. J. Buckles; Past Junior Vice-Commander Jesse B. 
Fuller, Adjt.-Gen. T. C. Mastellar, Past Commander J. M. 
Litchfield, Congressmen E. P. Loud and John T. Cutting, 
comrades J. P. Meehan, S. S. Flint, and A. J. Hawes. 

Seven o'clock Saturday evening the boom of cannon and 
clang of bells signalized the President's arrival at Oak- 
land, where he immediately embarked on the ferry steamer 
Piedmont for passage across the bay. On board the Pied- 
mont, in addition to the veteran guard of the G. A. R., 
commanded by Capt. Geo. F. Knowltoii, Jr., and Lieu- 
tenants Wiegand, Franks and Stateler, were the following 
prominent residents : Senator and Mrs. Leland Stanford, 
A. N. Towne, R. H. Platt, A. J. Bolfing, H. C. Bunker, 
C. F. Bassett, Maj. J. N. E. Wilson, Capt. G. D. Boyd, J. 
C. Quinn, Geo. L. Seybolt, George Sanderson, J. Steppa- 
cher, Ass't Postmaster Richardson, G. W. Fletcher, Mrs. 
Peter Donohue, Mrs. Geo. R. Sanderson, Mrs. James Den- 
man, Mrs. W. W. Morrow, Mrs. Joseph McKenna, Mrs. 
M. Ehrman, Mrs. E. Martin, and Mrs. J. D. Spreckels. 
The scene of the Piedmont crossing the bay, illuminated 
with thousands of lights, covered with flying flags, and 
greeted by all the craft in the harbor with myriads of 
rockets and lights, was a bewildering spectacle. At a 
signal great tongues of flame shot up from the summits of 
Telegraph and Nob hills, and the monstrous bonfires from 
the deck of the Piedmont resembled volcanoes. The en- 
tire population of the city came out to do honor to the head 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 371 

of the Nation, and the principal streets were beautifully 
illuminated. 

As the President descended on the arm of Hon. W. W. 
Morrow he was met on the wharf by Mayor George H. 
Sanderson, Col. Basil Norris, Lieut. -Col. Geo. H. Burton, 
Lieut. -Col. John P. Hawkins, Maj. Frank M. Coxe, Maj. 
Edward Hunter, Maj. James H. Lord, Capt. Chas. N. 
Booth, and First Lieutenants L. A. Lovering and James 
E. Runcie, of the regular army; General Dickinson and 
staff and city officials. Mayor Sanderson formally wel- 
comed the President and presented him a beautiful gold 
tablet bearing a resolution of the Board of Supervisors ten- 
dering the freedom of the city and county of San Fran- 
cisco. 

In response the President said : 

Mr. Mayor I have received with great gratification these words 
of welcome which you have extended to me on behalf of the city 
of San Francisco. They are but new expressions of the welcome 
which has been extended to me since I entered the State of Cali- 
fornia. Its greatness and glory I knew something of by story and 
tradition, but what I have seen of its resources has quite surpassed 
my imagination. But what has deeply impressed me is the loyal 
and intelligent and warm-hearted people I have everywhere met. 
I thank you for this reception. 



SAN FRANCISCO, APRIL 27. 

MONDAY, April 27, the President and his party reviewed 
many thousand school children assembled on Van Ness 
Avenue. Escorted by Mayor Sanderson, General Ruger, 
and other distinguished citizens, the party were driven 
through the famous Golden Gate Park. At the entrance 
the President was met and welcomed by Park Commis- 
sioner Hammond, while awaiting the guests inside was a 
reception committee consisting of E. S. Pilsbury, W. D. 
English, General Sheehan, Chief Crowley, C. F. Crocker, 
Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Wilshire, Judge Hawley, of Nevada, 



372 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

ex-Mayor Pond, Colonel Taylor, Marshal Long, Park Com- 
missioner Austin, Mr. and Mrs. Francis G. Newlands, 
Samuel Shortridge, C. M. Leavy, Surveyor-General Pratt, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Le Count, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Danforth, 
Colonel and Mrs. J. B. Wright, of Sacramento, Mr. and 
Mrs. Wendell Easton, Mr. Gregory, Mr. and Mrs. Paris 
Kilbourn, Mr. and Mrs. Timothy G. Phelps, Senator Car- 
penter, of Los Angeles, Miss Harriet Bolinger, Mr. and 
Mrs. Bolinger, District Attorney Garter, Mrs. Judge W. 
T. Wallace, F. W. Sharon, T. B. Shannon, Mrs. B. L. 
Haseltine, and others. 

The reception concluded, the drive was continued to 
the Cliff House, overlooking Seal Eocks ; from thence the 
party visited Sutro Heights and became the guests of 
Mr. Adolph Sutro. At the close of luncheon Mr. Sutro, 
addressing President Harrison, said in part : 

Mr. President I rise to present you a photo-lithographic letter 
written by Sebastian Viscano, the great Spanish navigator. This 
is probably the first letter in existence written by any human being 
from California. It is dated at the port of Monterey, December 
28, 1602, named in honor of the Conde de Monterey, then Viceroy 
of Mexico. It is addressed to the Court of Spain, and states that 
he (Viscano) had taken possession of this country for his majesty. 

The original of this letter I found in hunting through the Ar- 
chives de las Indias at Seville, Spain. At the date of this letter 
Queen Elizabeth was still on the throne of England, Louis XIV. of 
France was not born yet, and the Pilgrim Fathers had not yet 
landed on Plymouth Rock. 

Mr. President, we all thank you for having come to see our 
beautiful land, and permit me especially to thank you for the 
honor of your visit to Sutro Heights. 

With the closing words Mr. Sutro extended to the Presi- 
dent a red plush album inclosing the letter. President 
Harrison, in accepting it, said : 

I beg to thank you both for this letter and your generous wel- 
come to a spot the natural beauty of which has been so much 
enhanced by your efforts. My visit to Sutro Heights, the cliff, and 
park will be a red-letter day in my journey. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

The next visit was to the Presidio, where the President 
and General Ruger witnessed the brilliant manoeuvres of 
the troops. Lieutenant-Colonel Graham was in command ; 
Captain Zalinski was the officer of the day. Captain Mor- 
ris led the heavy artillery ; Captains Brinkle and Kinzie 
commanded the mounted batteries ; Colonel Mills headed 
the cavalry aided by Captains Wood and Dorst. 
Phi Delta Theta. 

In the evening the President attended a banquet in his 
honor by California Alpha Chapter of the State University 
of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity, of which Mr. Harrison 
is a member. George E. de Golbia presided. When the 
President arrived he was greeted with the fraternity 
cheer. J. 1ST. E. Wilson introduced the honored guest 
and proposed the health of "the President." 

General Harrison, responding, said: 

My Friends and Brothers in this Old Society I en joy this moment 
very much in being able to associate with you. I was a member 
of the first chapter of this fraternity, which you all know was 
founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. I have not lost the im- 
pression of solemnity and reverence which I experienced hunting 
in the dark in those early times to find my chapter room, and I 
am very glad to know that those meetings were not meetings in 
the dark. I belonged to the order when it was young, and now I 
find its members scattered in all States, where they all hold posi- 
tions of trust and influence. I find that in its history it has pro- 
duced nothing discreditable to itself, but always something of 
which we may all well be proud. I thank you for these few 
moments of association with you. [Cheers.] 

At night President and Mrs. Harrison, Secretary Rusk, 
and Postmaster- General Wanamaker attended an official 
card reception at the Palace Hotel, tendered by the citizens 
of San Francisco. The visitors were introduced by Col. 
J. P. Jackson and George R. Sanderson. The occasion 
was one of unusual brilliancy, rendered especially so by 
the presence of Admiral A. E. K. Benham and the officers 
of the fleet, Gen. Thomas H. Ruger, Gen. G. D. Green, Gen. 



374 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

John P. Hawkins, Gen. John G, Chandler, Col. Geo. 1ST. 
Burton, and a hundred or more other officers of the regular 
army; Governor Markham and staff in full uniform, Maj. 
Gen. W. H. Dimond and staff, Gen. J. H. Dickinson, and 
scores of officers of the National Guard, and a thousand or 
more private citizens of prominence accompanied by their 
wives. 



SAN FRANCISCO, APRIL 28. 
Launch of the Monterey. 

TUESDAY, April 28, the President enjoyed an excursion 
on the bay on board the steamer Puebla. Following the 
Pueblo, came the cruiser Charleston, literally covered with 
bunting, and with booming guns, leading a long line of 
vessels. The presidential party was accompanied by 
Mayor Sanderson, Colonel Andrews, Supervisor Jackson, 
Colonel Marceau, Colonel Chadbourne, General Gibbon, 
Collector Phelps, Capt. C. M. Goodall, General Cutting, 
W. T. Coleman, Wm. Dargie, W. G. Harrison, W. D. 
English, Stewart Menzies, Judge Murphy, Judge Troutt, 
Barry Baldwin, A. E. Castle, A. Chesebrough, Martin Cor- 
coran, W. D. Clarke, W. R. Hearst, J. G. Fair, W. J. But- 
ton, W. F. Goad, Wm. Harney, John P. Irish, J. D. 
Spreckels, Leon Sloss, Levi Strauss, A. W. Scott, W. S. 
Tevis, C. L. Taylor, J. H. Wise, C. E. Whitney, R. J. Wil- 
son, James. D.Phelan, R. H. Pease, Arthur Rodgers, F. W. 
Sumner, F. J. Symmes, N. T. James, G. L. Bradner, C. F. 
Mull ins, Geo. A. Moore, T. C. Grant, and other gentlemen 
of prominence. 

In the afternoon, at the Union Iron Works, the Presi- 
dent and Mrs. Harrison participated in the launch of the 
armored coast-defence vessel Monterey. Mrs. Harrison 
pressed the button which signalized the launching of the 
great ship, and Miss Gunn, daughter of J. O'B. Gunn, 
christened the ship with a bottle of California champagne. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 375 

On the platform with the President's party were Henry 
T. Scott and Irving M. Scott, builders of the Monterey; 
master shipwright Geo. W. Dickie, Governor Markham, 
and other prominent people. 

In the evening the distinguished visitors attended a 
banquet and reception at the mansion of Senator and 
Mrs. Leland Stanford. Nineteen couples sat down at the 
sumptuous table. They comprised the President and 
Mrs. Stanford, Senator Stanford and Mrs. Harrison, Gov- 
ernor Markham and Mrs. Lowe, General Wanamaker 
and Mrs. Benham, Secretary Rusk and Mrs. Markham, 
General Ruger and Mrs. Russell Harrison, Admiral Ben- 
ham and Mrs. Morrow, Col. Lloyd Tevis and Mrs. Dim- 
mick, Mayor Sanderson and Mrs. Boyd, Hon. M. M. Estee 
and Mrs. Moses Hopkins, Col. C. F. Crocker and Miss 
Houghton, Senator Felton and Mrs. McKee, Mr. Russell 
B. Harrison and Mrs. T. Hopkins, Col. J. P. Jackson and 
Mrs. Dodge, Mr. Geo. W. Boyd and Mrs. Hewes, Hon. 
W. W. Morrow and Mrs. Estee, Mr. Irving M. Scott and 
Mrs. Jackson, Major Sanger and Mrs. Gwin, Mr. H. L. 
Dodge and Mrs. Easton. In the Pompeiian parlor of the 
mansion the President, with Mrs. Harrison and Senator 
and Mrs. Stanford, received the thousand or more guests, 
who comprised the prominent society people of San 
Francisco and many other cities on the coast. 



REDWOOD CITY, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 29. 

LEAVING San Francisco on Wednesday, April 29, the 
President spent the morning at Senator Stanford's famous 
Palo Alto ranch. The first stop en route to Monterey was 
at Redwood City, where a large and enthusiastic crowd, 
including 200 school children, welcomed the President. 
Geo. S. Evans Post, G. A. R., C. D. Harkins, Commander, 
was present. Among the prominent citizens participating 
were: H. R. Judah, of San Mateo; Geo. C. Ross, W. R. 



37G HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Welch, Geo. W. Lovie, John Poole, Henry Buger, Sheriff 
Kiiine, Marshal Jamieson, and Judge Geo. H. Buck, who 
delivered the speech of welcome and presented the Presi- 
dent, on behalf of the citizens, with a polished redwood 
tablet two feet in width. 

As the train moved off President Harrison said : 

My Friends I am sorry that I can say nothing more to you in 
the limited time we have than that I am sincerely thankful for 
your friendly demonstration. 



SAN JOSE, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 29. 

ARRIVING at San Jose the President remained an hour 
and reviewed a parade in his honor. He was received at 
the depot by Mayor S. N. Rucker at the head of the fol- 
lowing Committee of Reception : Judge John Rejmolds, 
Judge F. E. Spencer, D. B. Moody, R. O. Shively, S. F. 
Lieb, V. A. Schellar, C. M. Shortridge, T. E. Beans, L. G. 
Nesmith, C. T. Ryland, O. A. Hale, H. W. Wright, J. W. 
Rea, C. T. Park, A. McDonald, C. T. Settle, H. M. Leonard, 
B. D. Murphy, J. H. Henry, A. E. Mintie, S. F. Ayer, 
Judge W. G. Lorigan, and H. V. Morehouse. Mayor 
Rucker delivered the address of welcome at the court 
house. 

President Harrison, responding, said. 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow- citizens I am again surprised by this large 
outpouring of my friends and by the respectful interest which 
they evince. I cannot find words to express the delight which I have 
felt and which those who journey with me have felt as we have 
observed the beauty and, more than all, the comfort and prosperity 
which characterize the great State of California. I am glad to 
observe here, as I have elsewhere, that my old comrades of the 
great war for the Union have turned out to witness afresh by this 
demonstration their love for the flag and fcheir veneration for 
American institutions. 

My comrades, I greet you, every one, affectionately. I doubt 
not that every loyal State has representatives here of that great 
army that subdued the rebellion and brought home the flag in tri- 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 377 

nmph. I hope that you have found in this flowery and prosperous 
land, in the happy homes which you have builded up here, in the 
wives and children that grace your firesides, a sweet contrast to 
those times of peril and hardship which you experienced in the 
army, and I trust above all that under these genial and kindly 
influences you still maintain your devotion to our institutions and 
are teaching it to the children that shall take your places. 

We often speak of the children following in the footsteps of their 
fathers. A year ago nearly, in Boston, at the great review of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, after those thousands of veterans, 
stricken with years and labor, had passed along, a great army, 
nearly as large, came on with the swinging step that characterized 
you when you carried the flag from your home to the field. They 
were the sons of veterans, literally marching in their fathers' 
steps ; and so I love to think that in the hands of this generation 
that is coming on to take our places our institutions are safe and 
the honor and glory of the flag will be maintained. We may 
quietly go to our rest when God shall call us, in the full assurance 
that His favoring providence will follow us, and that in your 
children valor and sacrifice for the flag will always manifest them- 
selves on every occasion. 

Again thanking you for your presence and friendly interest, I 
must beg you to excuse further speech, as we must journey on to 
other scenes like this. Good -by and God bless you, comrades. 



GILROY, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 29. 

Two thousand people welcomed the President on his 
arrival at Gilroy at 6 o'clock in the evening. The floral 
decorations were particularly fine; the. piece attracting the 
greatest attention was a life-size white bear made of tea- 
roses. The Committee of Reception was Mayor Loupe, 
Thomas Rea, Geo. E. Hersey, Victor Bassignsno, F. W. 
Blake, Professor Hall, and Messrs. Eckhart, Casey, and 
Cleveland. 

Mayor Loupe introduced the President, who made one 
of his briefest speeches. He said : 

My Friends It gives me great pleasure to see you for a moment, 
and thank you for your kindness in coming out on this occasion. 



378 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

In all my travels I have never seen a more intelligent and happy 
people than I have met in California. Let me introduce you to 
Mr. Wanamaker. 



WATSONVILLE, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 29. 

AT Pajaro Station the presidential party was welcomed 
by the Board of Trustees and 2,000 residents of the thriving 
city of Watsonville, in the beautiful Pajaro Valley. Six 
hundred school children and a young ladies' zouave com- 
pany participated in the greeting. The Committee of Re- 
ception comprised the Board of Trustees, E. H. Madden, 
T. J. Horgaii, James A. Linscott, H. P. Brassell, and the 
following prominent citizens of Watsonville : W. A. San- 
born, A. B. Hawkins, Geo. A. Shearer, Geo. W. Peck- 
ham, W. R. Radcliff, J. A. Hetherington, James Waters, 
Mark Hudson, Geo. A. Trafton, John T. Porter, John F. 
Kane, and F. E. Mauk; also, Win. Wilson and C. E. Bow- 
man, representing the town of Corralitos, and C. R. Whit- 
cher, Jr., representing Castroville. Chairman Madden 
made the welcoming address. 

The President said : 

My Friends I am very glad to see you this evening. I am sorry 
that the fatigues of the past few days have left us all in a state not 
quite so fresh and blooming as your fields and gardens. We are a 
little dusty and a little worn, but you quite rekindle our spirits by 
this demonstration. We have ridden with great delight through 
this beautiful valley to-day. It seems to me, as we pass each ridge 
or backbone and come into a new valley, that we see something 
that still more resembles the Garden of Eden. It is a constant 
succession of surprises, but most of all I delight to see such con- 
vincing evidence of the contentment and happiness of your people. 
I am sure that those I see here to day must come from happy and 
prosperous homes. I wish you all good -by. [Cheers.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 379 



MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA, APRIL 30. 

THE presidential party arrived at Del Monte depot at 8 
o'clock Wednesday evening and were the guests of Manager 
Sclionewald, of the famous Hotel Del Monte. The next 
morning the distinguished travellers were driven over to 
Monterey, the historic old capital of California ; they were 
met at the outskirts by the City Trustees and a committee 
of prominent citizens, among whom were : C. I. Burks, 
Capt. Thomas Bralee, Francis Doud, David Rodrick, F. R. 
Day, Edward Ingram, Job Wood, Thomas Doud, J. T. 
Stockdale, Jacob R. Leese, Wm. Kay, A. A. Osio, and 
H. Whitcomb. The reception was held on the grounds 
fronting the old Capitol now used as a school-house. 
After the reception the visitors were taken on an 18-mile 
drive through the parks and groves along the Pacific 
Ocean. Mayor W. J. Hill, of Salinas, delivered the address 
of welcome on behalf of the citizens of Monterey and Sa- 
linas, and presented the President with a silver plate en- 
graved with a fac-simile of the old Custom House and the 
words " The Custom House where the American flag was 
first raised in California, July 7, 1846. Monterey, April 
30, 1891. Greeting to our President." 

In response the President said : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow -citizens Our whole pathway through the 
State of California has been paved with good -will. We have been 
made to walk upon flowers. Our hearts have been touched and 
refreshed at every point by the voluntary offerings of your hospi- 
table people. Our trip has been one continued ovation of friendli- 
ness. I have had occasion to say before that no man is entitled to 
appropriate to himself these tributes. They witness a peculiar 
characteristic of the American people. Unlike many other people 
less happy, we give our devotion to a Government, to its Constitu- 
tion, to its flag, and not to men. We reverence and obey those 
who have been placed by our own suffrages and choice in public 
stations, but our allegiance, our affection, is given to our beneficent 
institutions, and upon this rock our security is based. We are not 
subject to those turbulent uprisings that prevail where the people 



380 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

follow leaders rather than institutions ; where they are caught by 
the glamour and dash of brilliant men rather than by the steady 
law of free institutions. 

I rejoice to be for a moment among you this morning. The his- 
tory of this city starts a train of reflections in my mind that I can- 
not follow out in speech, but the impression of them will remain 
with me as long as I live. [Applause. ] California and its coast 
were essential to the integrity and completeness of the American 
Union. But who can tell what may be the result of the establish- 
ment here of free institutions, the setting up by the wisdom and 
foresight and courage of the early pioneers in California of a com- 
monwealth that was very early received into the American Union? 
We see to-day what has been wrought. But who can tell what 
another century will disclose, when these valleys have become 
thick with a prosperous and thriving and happy people? I thank 
you again for your cordial greeting and bid you good-morning. 
[Chears.] 



SANTA CRUZ, CALIFORNIA, MAY 1. 

AT 8 o'clock Friday morning the presidential train halted 
at Santa Cruz, the City of the Holy Cross, where another 
floral greeting awaited the distinguished guests. They 
were met by Mayor G. Bowman at the head of a commit- 
tee of prominent citizens, among whom were : Col. Thomas 
P. Robb, W. P. Young, Dr. T. W. Drullard, W. Finkeldey, 
O. J. Lincoln, W. J. McCollum, A. L. Weeks, P. R. Hinds, 
W. H. Galbraith, E. C. Williams, Duncan McPherson, 
Wm. T. Jeter, A. A. Taylor, W. D. Storey, F. A. Hihn, Z. 
N". Goldsby, Richard Thompson, R. C. Kirby, J. H. Logan, 
A. J. Jennings, Judge McCann, J. F. Cunningham, Benj. 
Knight, Z. Barnet, E. C. Williams, and J. T. Sullivan. 
Grand Marshal J. O. Wanzer, with his aids, U. S. Nichols, 
M. S. Patterson, H. Fay, W. D. Haslam, R. H. Pringle, 
W. C. Hoffman, and George Chittenden, acted as an escort 
of honor to the President during the parade. When the 
Pacific Ocean House was reached Mayor Bowman made 
a welcoming address. After the reception the party visited 
the grove of big trees near the city. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 381 

As the President arose to respond the great audience 
cheered enthusiastically. He said : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow -citizens It seems to me like improvidence 
that all this tasteful and magnificent display should be but for a 
moment. In all my journeying in California, where every city 
has presented some surprise and where each has been characterized 
by lavish and generous display, I have not seen anything so sud- 
denly created and yet so beautiful. I am sure we have not ridden 
through any street more attractive than this. I thank you most 
sincerely for this cordial welcome. I am sure you are a loyal, and 
I know you are a loving and kindly people. [Cheers. ] We have 
been received, strangers as we were, with affection, and every- 
where as I look into the faces of this people I feel my heart swell 
with pride that I am an American and that California is one of 
the American States. [Cheers.] 



LOS GATOS, CALIFORNIA, MAY 1. 

THE first stop after leaving Santa Cruz was at Los 
Gatos, overlooking the Santa Clara Valley, where a large 
assemblage welcomed the party. The Committee of Re- 
ception comprised the Board of Town Trustees and W. 
H. B. Trantham, James H. Lyndon, G. A. Dodge, and C. 
F. Wilcox. E. O. C. Ord Post, G. A. R., James G. Arthur, 
Commander, was out in full force. 

Chairman J. W. Lyndon made the address of welcome 
and introduced President Harrison, who said : 

My Fellow citizens If California had lodged a complaint against 
the last census I should have been inclined to entertain it and to 
order your people to be counted again. [Laughter. ] From what 
I have seen in these days of pleasant travel through your State I 
am sure the census enumerators have not taken you all. We have 
had another surprise in coming over these mountains to find that 
not the valleys alone of California, but its hill-tops are capable of 
productive cultivation. We have been greatly surprised to see 
vineyards and orchards at these altitudes, and to know that your 
fields rival in productiveness the famous valleys of your State. 

I thank you for your cordial greeting. It overpowers me I feel 
that these brief stops are but poor recompense for the trouble and 



382 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

care you have taken. I wish we could tariy longer with you. I 
wish I could know more of you individually, but I can only thank 
you and say that we will carry away most happy impressions of 
California, and that in public and in private life it will give me 
pleasure always to show my appreciation of your great State. 
[Cheers. ] 



SAN FRANCISCO, MAY 1. 
Chamber of Commerce Reception. 

THE President returned to San Francisco from his trip to 
Monterey and Santa Cruz at noon Friday, May 1. He was 
met across the bay by W. W. Montague, Geo. C. Perkins, 
and Oliver Eldridge, constituting a committee of escort 
from the Chamber of Commerce. Arrived at the Cham- 
ber of Commerce the President was met by the following 
Reception Committee, trustees of the Chamber, composed 
of : William L. Merry, A. J. Ralston, W. T. Y. Schenck, 
Robert Watt, A. R. Briggs, James Carolan, N. W. Spauld- 
ing, General Dimond, John Rosenfeld, Charles R. Allen, 
J. J. McKinnon, C. B. Stone, and Louis Parrott. On the 
floor of the Merchants' Exchange the President was greeted 
by a great and enthusiastic assembly, composed of mem- 
bers of the following bodies invited to participate in the 
reception : Mexican War Veterans, Society of Pioneers, 
Territorial Pioneers, Geographical Society, Art Associa- 
tion, Geological Society, State Board of Trade, Board of 
Trade of the city, Bar Association, Bankers' Association, 
Produce Exchange, San Francisco Stock Exchange, Mer- 
chants' Exchange, Boards of Brokers, Boards of Marine 
Institute, Chamber of Commerce, Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion, and California Academy of Sciences. Colonel Taylor, 
President of the Chamber of Commerce, delivered an able 
address upon the trade of the Pacific coast, and closed by 
cordially welcoming President Harrison, Postmaster-Gen- 
eral Wanamaker, and Secretary Rusk. 

When the President arose to respond he was greeted 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 383 

with a storm of applause. His address was punctured 
throughout with cheers. He said : 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of these Assembled Societies I have 
been subjected during my stay in California in some respects to 
the same treatment the policeman accords to the tramp I have 
been kept moving on. You have substituted flowers and kindness 
f<jr the policeman's baton. And yet, notwithstanding all this, we 
come to you this morning not exhausted or used up, but a little 
fatigued. Your cordial greetings are more exhilarating than your 
wine, and perhaps safer for the constitution. [Laughter and ap- 
plause. ] 

I am glad to stand in the presence of this assemblage of busi- 
ness men. I have tried to make this a business Administration. 
[Applause.] Of course we cannot wholly separate politics from a 
national Administration, but I have felt that every public officer 
owed his best service to the people, without distinction of party 
[cries of "Good ! good !" and applause] ; that in administering offi- 
cial trusts we were in a very strict sense, not merely in a figur- 
ative sense, your servants. It has been my desire that in every 
branch of the public service there should be improvement. I have 
stimulated all the Secretaries and have received stimulus from 
them in the endeavor, in all the departments of the Government 
that touch your business life, to give you as perfect a service as 
possible. This we owe to you ; but if I were pursuing party ends 
I should feel that I was by such methods establishing my party in 
the confidence of the people. [Applause. ] 

I feel that we have come to a point where American industries, 
American commerce, and American influence are to be revived 
and extended. The American sentiment and feeling was never 
more controlling than now ; and I do not use that term in the nar- 
row sense of native American, but to embrace all loyal citizens, 
whether native-born or adopted, who have the love of our flag 
in their hearts. [Great cheering. ] I shall speak to-night, prob- 
ably, at the banquet of business men, and will not enter into any 
lengthy discussion here. Indeed, I am so careful not to trespass 
upon any forbidden topic, that I may not in the smallest degree 
offend those who have forgotten party politics in extending this 
greeting to us, that I do not know how far I should talk upon 
these public questions. But since your Chairman has alluded to 
them, I can say I am in hearty sympathy with the suggestions he 
has made. I believe there are methods by which we shall put the 
American flag upon the sea again [Applause.] In speaking the 



384 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

other day I used an illustration which will perhaps be apt in this 
company of merchants. You recall, all of you, certainly those of 
my age, the time when no merchant sent out travelling men. He 
expected the buyer to come to his store. Perhaps that was well 
enough ; but certain enterprising men sought custom by putting 
travelling men with samples on the road. However the conserva- 
tive merchant regarded that innovation, he had but one choice to 
put travelling men on the road or go out of business. In tl*s 
question of shipping we are in a similar condition. The great 
commercial governments of the world have stimulated their ship- 
ping interests by direct or indirect subsidies, while we have been 
saying : " No, we prefer the old way. " We must advance or I 
will not say go out of business, for we have already gone out. 
[Applause.] I thank you most cordially for your greeting, and 
bid you good- by. [Applause.] 



ADDRESS TO THE VETERANS, MAY 1. 

FROM the Chamber of Commerce the President and his 
party were escorted to the Mechanics' Pavilion by the 
Veteran Guard under Captain Knowlton, preceded and 
followed by Lincoln, Garfield, Cass, Meade, Liberty, and 
Geo. Sykes posts, G. A. R. Fully 10,000 children and citi- 
zens were assembled to witness the May Day festivities 
under the auspices of the G. A. R. posts. Escorted by 
Grand Marshal Saloman, the President advanced to the 
stage and was received by Hon. Henry C. Dibble, who pre- 
sented him to the throng of veterans and children. 

He spoke as follows : 

Comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic It will not be pos- 
sible in so large a hall for me to make myself heard, and yet I can- 
not refuse when appealed to to say a word of kindly greeting to 
those comrades who have found their homes on the Pacific coast. 
I have no doubt that all the loyal States of the Union are repre- 
sented in this assembly, and it is pleasant to know that, after the 
strife and hardships of those years of battle, you have found among 
the flowers and fruits of the earth homes that are full of pleasant- 
ness and peace. 

It was that these things might continue to be that you went to 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 385 

battle ; it was that these homes might be preserved . it was that 
the flag and all that it symbolizes might be perpetuated, that you 
fought and many of our comrades died. All this land calls you 
blessed. The fruits of division and strife that would have been 
ours if secession had succeeded would have been full of bitterness. 
The end that was attained by your valor under the providence of 
God has brought peace and prosperity to all the States. [Applause. ] 

It gave me great pleasure in passing through the Southern States 
to see how your work had contributed to their prosperity. No man 
can look upon any of these States through which we campaigned 
and fought without realizing that what seemed to their people a 
disaster was, under God, the opening of a great gate of prosperity 
and happiness. 

All those fires of industry which I saw through the South were 
lighted at the funeral pyre of slavery. [Cries of "Good! good!" 
and applause.] They were impossible under the conditions that 
existed previously in those States. We are now a homogeneous 
people. You in California, full of pride and satisfaction with the 
greatness of your State, will always set above it the greater glory 
and the greater citizenship which our flag symbolizes. [Cheers.] 
You went into the war for the defence of the Union ; you have 
come out to make your contribution to the industries and progress 
of this age of peace As in our States of the Northwest the 
winter covering of snow hides and warms the vegetation, and 
with the coming of the spring sun melts and sinks into the earth 
to refresh the root, so this great army \vas a covering and defence, 
and when the war was ended, turned into rivulets of refreshment 
to all the pursuits of peace. There was nothing greater in all the 
world's story than the assembling of this army except its disband- 
ment. It was an army of citizens ; and when the war was over 
the soldier was not left at the tavern he had a fireside toward 
which his steps hastened. He ceased to be a soldier and became a 
citizen. [Cheers.] 

I observe, as I look into your faces, that the youth of the army 
must have settled on the Pacific coast. [Laughter and applause. ] 
You are younger men here than we are in the habit of meeting at 
our Grand Army posts in the East May all prosperity attend you ; 
may you be able to show yourselves in civil life, as in the war, 
the steadfast, unfaltering, devoted friends of this flag you are 
willing to die for. [Great cheering. ] 



386 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



PALACE HOTEL BANQUET, MAY 1. 

IN the evening President Harrison attended a grand 
banquet given in his honor by the prominent citizens at 
the Palace Hotel. Of all the entertainments extended to 
the distinguished visitors on their journey this banquet was 
beyond question the most notable. Representatives of the 
business, professional, political, educational, and society 
circles of the city were present in numbers. The brill- 
iant affair was largely directed by Colonel Andrews, Alfred 
Bovier, Geo. R. Sanderson, and Messrs. Le Count, Jack- 
son, and Menzies of the Citizens' Committee. 

The President was escorted to the banquet hall by Gen- 
eral Barnes and introduced to the distinguished assembly 
quite early in the evening. After the vociferous cheering 
subsided General Harrison rewarded the magnificent as- 
semblage with an address that called forth from the press of 
the country general commendation, and is only second to 
his great speech at Galveston. He said : 

Mr. President and Gentlemen When the Queen of Sheba visited 
the court of Solomon and saw its splendors she was compelled to 
testify that the half had not been told her. Undoubtedly the emis- 
saries of Solomon's court, who had penetrated to her distant terri- 
tory, found themselves in a like situation to that which attends 
Californians when they travel East they are afraid to put too 
much to test the credulity of their hearers [laughter and applause] , 
and as a gentleman of your State said to me, it has resulted in a 
prevailing indisposition among Californians to tell the truth out of 
California. [Laughter and applause.] Not at all because Califor- 
nians are unfriendly to the truth, but solely out of compassion for 
their hearers they address themselves to the capacity of those who 
hear them. [Laughter.] And taking warning by the fate of the 
man who told a sovereign of the Indies that he had seen water so 
solid that it could be walked upon, they do not carry their best 
stories away from home. [Laughter. ] 

It has been, much as I have heard of California, a brilliant dis- 
illusion to me and to those who have journeyed with me. The 
half had not been told of the productiveness of your valleys, of the 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 387 

blossoming orchards, of the gardens laden with flowers. We have 
seen and been entranced. Our pathway has been strewn with 
flowers. We have been surprised, when we were in a region of 
orchards and roses, to be suddenly pulled up at a station and asked 
to address some remarks to a pyramid of pig tin. [Laughter and 
applause. ] 

Products of the mine, rare and exceptional, have been added to 
the products of the field, until now the impression has been made 
upon my mind that if any want should be developed in the arts, 
possibly if any \vants should be developed in statesmanship, or 
any vacancies in office [great laughter], we have here a safe reser- 
voir that can be drawn upon ad libitum. [Laughter] . But, my 
friends, sweeter than all the incense of flowers, richer than all the 
products of mines, has been the gracious, unaffected, hearty kind- 
ness with which the people of California have everywhere received 
us. Without division, without dissent, a simple yet magnificent 
and enthusiastic American welcome. [Great applause.] 

It is gratifying that it should be so. We may carry into our 
campaigns, to our conventions and congresses, discussions and 
divisions, but how grand it is that we are a people who bow rev- 
erently to the decision when it is rendered, and who will follow 
the flag always, everywhere, with absolute devotion of heart with- 
out asking what party may have given the leader in whose hands 
it is placed [Enthusiastic cheering.] 

I believe that we have come to a new epoch as a Nation. There 
are opening portals before us inviting us to enter opening portals 
to trade and influence and prestige such as we have never seen 
before. [Great applause. ] We will pursue the paths of peace ; we 
are not a warlike Nation ; all our instincts, all our history is in the 
lines of peace. Only intolerable aggression, only the peril of our 
institutions of the flag can thoroughly arouse us, [Great ap- 
plause. ] With capability for war on land and on sea unexcelled 
by any nation in the world, we are smitten with the love of peace. 
[Applause. ] We would promote the peace of this hemisphere by 
placing judiciously some large guns about the Golden Gate [great 
and enthusiastic cheering] simply for saluting purposes [laugh- 
ter and cheers], and yet they should be of the best modern type. 
[Cheers. ] 

We should have on the sea some good vessels. We don't need 
as great a navy as some other people, but we do need a sufficient 
navy of first-class ships, simply to make sure that the peace of the 
hemisphere is preserved [cheers] ; simply that we may not leave 
the great distant marts and harbors of commerce and our few citi- 



388 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

zens who may be domiciled there to feel lonesome for the sight of 
the American flag. [Cheers.] 

We are making fine progress in the construction of the navy. 
The best English constructors have testified to the completeness and 
perfection of some of our latest ships. It is a source of great grati- 
fication to me that here in San Francisco the energy, enterprise, 
and courage of some of your citizens have constructed a plant 
capable of building the best .modern ships. [Cries of " Good ! 
good!" and cheers.] 

I saw with delight the magnificent launch of one of these new 
vessels. I hope that you may so enlarge your capacities for con- 
struction that it will not be necessary to send any naval vessel 
around the Horn. We want merchant ships. [Cheers.] I believe 
we have come to a time when we should choose whether we will 
continue to be non- participants in the commerce of the world or 
will now vigorously, with the push and energy which our people 
have shown in other lines of enterprise, claim our share of the 
world's commerce. [Cheers.] 

I will not enter into the discussion of methods of the Postal bill 
of the last session of Congress, which marks the beginning. Here 
in California, where for so long a time a postal service that did 
not pay its own way was maintained by the Government, where 
for other years the Government has maintained mail lines into 
your valleys, reaching out to every remote community, and paying 
out yearly a hundred times the revenue that was derived, it ought 
not to be difficult to persuade you that our ocean mail should not 
longer be the only service for which we refuse to expend even the 
revenues derived from it. 

It is my belief that, under the operation of the law to which 
I have referred, we shall be able to stimulate ship -building, to 
secure some new lines of American steamships, and to increase the 
ports of call of all those now established. [Enthusiastic cheering. ] 

It will be my effort to do what may be done under the powers 
lodged in me by the law to open and increase trade with the coun- 
tries of Central and South America. I hope it may not be long I 
know it will not be long if we but unitedly pursue this great scheme 
until one can take a sail in the bay of San Francisco and see 
some deep-water ships come in bearing our own flag. [Enthusi- 
astic and continued cheering. ] 

During our excursion the other day I saw three great vessels 
come in ; one carried the Hawaiian and two the English flag. I 
am a thorough believer in the construction of the Nicaragua Canal. 
You have pleased me so much that I would like a shorter water 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 389 

communication between my State and yours. [Cheers.] Influ- 
ences and operations are now started that will complete, I am sure, 
this stately enterprise ; but, my fellow-citizens and Mr. President, 
this is the fifth time this day that I have talked to gatherings of 
California friends, and we have so much taxed the hospitality of 
San Francisco in making our arrangements to make this city the 
centre of a whole week's sight-seeing that I do not want to add to 
your other burdens the infliction of longer speech. [Cries of "Go 
on !"] Right royally have you welcomed us with all that is rich 
and prodigal in provision and display. With all graciousness and 
friendliness I leave my heart with you when I go. [Great and 
prolonged cheering. ] 



SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA, MAY 2. 

EARLY Saturday morning, May 2, the President left 
San Francisco, accompanied by Mrs. Harrison and Mrs. 
Dimmick, Secretary Rusk, Marshal Ransdell, and Major 
Sanger, to visit the capital city, Sacramento. They were 
met at Davisville by a special committee consisting of: 
Hon. Newton Booth, Hon. A. P. Catlin, Hon. W. C. Van 
Fleet, Col. J. B. Wright, Hon. J. O. Coleman, Maj. Wm. 
McLaughlin, Col. C. H. Hubbard, Hon. N. Curtis, Hon. 
Theo. Reichert, R. B. Harmon, and Hon. W. C. Hendricks. 

A presidential salute at 8 o'clock announced the arrival 
of the Chief Magistrate, who was welcomed by Hon. W. 
D. Comstock, Mayor of the city, at the head of the follow- 
ing distinguished Committee of Reception : Hon. J. W. 
Armstrong, Prof. E. C. Atkinson, Hon. Frederick Cox, 
Edwin F. Smith, H. M. Larue, P. S. Lawson, W. A. An- 
derson, Wells Drury, C. K. McClatchy, Maj. H. Wein- 
stock, A. A. Van Voorhies, A. S. Hopkins, T. W. Hum- 
phrey, Hon. F. R. Dray, Wm. Beckman, R. D. Stephens, 
W. P. Coleman, Dr. Wm. H. Baldwin, Allen Towle, Dr. G. 
L. Simmons, C. T. Wheeler, J. C. Pierson, W. H. H. Hart, 
A. Abbott, Chas. McCreary, Rev. Stephenson, T. M. Lind- 
ley, E. W. Roberts, Grove L. Johnson, Frank Miller, 
Dr. W. R. Cluness, H. W. Byington, Chris. Green, Clinton 



390 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

L. White, Alonzo R. Conklin, Wm. Geary, Gen. A. L. 
Hart, Dr. S. Bishop, L. Tozer, D. H. McDonald, L. W. 
Grothan, W. H. Ambrose, J. S. McMahon, Geo. W. Ches- 
ley, W. R. Strong, Rev. A. C. Herrick, T. M. Lindley, H. 
J." Small, Felix Tracy, C. A. Luhrs, Philip Scheld, Wm. 
Land, H. G. May, C. A. Jenkins, Geo. C. McMulle, Jabez 
Turner, M. A. Baxter, O. W. Erlewine, Albert Hart, L. 
Elkus, B. B. Brown, T. C. Adams, B. U. Steinman, G. W. 
Safford, W. D. Perkins, Ed. F. Taylor, A. J. Johnston, E. 
Greer, L. Mebus, W. E. Gerber, S. E. Carrington, E. C. 
Hart, Dr. M. Gardner, Dr. T. W. Huntington, Chris. 
Weisel, Joseph E. Werry, W. F. Knox, E. W. Halo, Dr. 
G. M. Dixon, W. O. Bowers, Geo. W. Hancock, E. G. 
Blessing, A. J. Rhoads, R. S. Carey, E. B. Willis, Jud 
C. Brusie, T. L. Enright, V. S. McClatchy, Wm. J. 
Davis, Dr. J. R. Laine, Geo. M. Mott, Harrison Bennett, 
R. M. darken, Jerry Paine, J. W. Wilson, John Weil, 
Gen. J. G. Martine, H. B. Neilson, Chas. M. Campbell, 
M. S. Hammer, J. M. Avery, Dr. H. L. Nichols, W. W. 
Cuthbert, James I. Felter, R. H. Singleton, E. M. Luckett, 
L. L. Lewis, C. S. Houghton, C. A. Yoerk, T. H. Ber- 
key, P. Herzog, M. J. Dillman, Robert T. Devlin, A. Pop- 
pert, J. L. Huntoon, Capt. Wm. Siddons, Maj. W. A. 
Gett, C. J. Ellia, F. W. Fratt, Judge H. O. Beatty, W. 
A. Curtis, H. A. Guthrie, Thomas Scott, Beiij. Wilson, 
Chas.Wieger, H. Fisher, C. H. Gilman, W. L.Duden, S. S. 
Holl, J. Frank Clark, H. G. Smith, L. Williams, John 
Gruhler, F. A. Jones, R. J. Van Voorhies, James Wood- 
burn, Samuel Gerson, M. A. Burke, C. C. Bonte, Lee Stan- 
ley, Perrin Stanton, A. Mazzini, John F. Slater, J. E. 
Burke, Capt. J. H. Roberts, Thos. Geddes, S. L. Richards, 
M. M. Drew, Gen. Geo. B. Cosbey, J. F. Linthicum, J. 
N. Larkin, Richard Burr, and Samuel Lavenson. 

The march from the depot to the Capitol grounds was 
one continuous ovation. The veterans of Warren, Sum- 
ner, and Fair Oaks posts, G. A. R., acted as an escort of 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 391 

honor. The militia was commanded by Gen. T. W. Shee- 
han. More than 30,000 people witnessed or participated 
in the demonstration. As the President passed Pioneer 
Hall he halted the column to receive the greetings of the 
venerable members of the Sacramento Society. Governor 
Markham delivered an eloquent address, reciting the dis- 
covery of gold in California, reviewing the President's 
tour through the State, and bidding him " good-by and 
God-speed." Ex-Governor Booth and Secretary Rusk also 
made short speeches. Postmaster- General Wanamaker 
was detained at San Francisco, inspecting sites for a new 
post-office. His absence was a disappointment to the 
postal employees, who sent him a silver tablet, the size of 
a money-order, engraved with their compliments, as a 
memento. 

The President's address was as follows : 

Governor Markham and Fellow -citizens Our eyes have rested 
upon no more beautiful or impressive sight since we entered Cali- 
fornia. This fresh, delightful morning, this vast assemblage of 
contented and happy people, this building, dedicated to the uses 
of civil government all things about us tend to inspire our hearts 
with pride and with gratitude. 

Gratitude to that overruling Providence that turned hither after 
the discovery of this continent the steps of those who had the 
capacity to organize a free representative government. 

Gratitude to that Providence that has increased the feeble colo- 
nies on an inhospitable coast to these millions of prosperous people, 
who have found another sea and populated its sunny shores with a 
happy and growing people. [Applause. ] 

Gratitude to that Providence that led us through civil strife to a 
glory and a perfection of unity as a people that was otherwise 
impossible. 

Gratitude that we have to-day a Union of free States without a 
slave to stand as a reproach to that immortal declaration upon 
which our Government rests. [Cheers. J 

Pride that our people have achieved so much ; that, triumphing 
over all the hardships of those early pioneers, who struggled in the 
face of discouragement and difficulties more appalling than those 
that met Columbus when he turned the prows of his little vessels 



392 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

toward an unknown shore ; that, triumphing over perils of starva- 
tion, perils of savages, perils of sickness, here on the sunny slope 
of the Pacific they have established civil institutions and set up 
the banner of the imperishable Union. [Cheers.] 

Every Californian who has followed in their footsteps, every man 
and woman who is to-day enjoying the harvest of their endeavors, 
should always lift his hat to the pioneer of '49. [Cheers.] 

We stand here at the political centre of a great State, in this build- 
ing where your lawmakers assemble, chosen by your suffrages to 
execute your Mall in framing those rules of conduct which shall 
control the life of the citizen. May you always find here patriotic, 
consecrated men to do your work. May they always assemble here 
with a high sense of duty to those brave, intelligent, and honorable 
people. May they catch the great lesson of our Government, that 
our people need only such regulation as shall restrain the ill-dis- 
posed and shall give the largest liberty to individual enterprise 
and effort. [Cheers.] 

No man is gifted with speech to describe the beauty and the 
impressiveness of this great occasion. I am awed in this presence. 
I bow reverently to this great assembly of free, intelligent, enter- 
prising American sovereigns. [Cheers. ] 

I am glad to have this hasty glimpse of this early centre of 
immigration. I am glad to stand at the place where that momen- 
tous event, the discovery of gold, transpired, and yet, after you 
have washed your sand of gold, after the eager rush for sudden 
wealth, after all this you have come into a heritage in the posses- 
sion of these fields, in those enduring and inexhaustible treasures 
of your soil, which will perpetually sustain a great population. 

In parting, sir [to the Governor] , to you as the representative of 
this people I give the most hearty thanks of all who journey with 
me and my own for the early, continuous, kindly, yea, even affec- 
tionate attention which has followed us in all our footsteps through 
California. [Great cheering. ] 



BENICIA, CALIFORNIA, MAY 2. 

ON leaving Sacramento the President made a brief stop 
at Benicia, where a large crowd greeted him, including the 
school children, who bombarded him with flowers. The 
welcoming committee was D. M. Hart, President of the 
Board of Trustees; A. Dalton, Jr., S. C. Gray, and W.H. 
Foreman. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 393 

In response to calls for a speech the President said : 

My Friends I thank you most sincerely for this pleasant tribute 
which I have received from these children. It is a curious thing, 
perhaps, that among the earliest towns that became familiar to me 
in my younger days was Benicia. In 1857, when the United States 
sent an armed expedition to Utah, and thence across the continent, 
I happened to have an elder and much-beloved brother who was a 
lieutenant in that campaign. He was stationed at Benicia Bar- 
racks, and his letters from this place have fixed it in my memory, 
and recalls to me, as I stand here this morning, very tender mem- 
ories of one who has long since gone to his rest. I thank you again 
for this demonstration. 



BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA, MAY 2. 

State University. 

THE President arrived at West Berkeley station at 1 
o'clock and was met by the Berkeley Reception Committee, 
consisting of C. R. Lord, J. L. Scotchler, R, Rickard, E. F. 
Neihauser, Samuel Heywood, C. Gaines, J. S. Eastman, 
John Squires, F. B. Cone, Chris. Johnson, John Finn, 
George Schmidt, L. Gottshall, A. F. Fonzo, H. W. Taylor, 
and C. E. Wulferdingen. A procession was formed, and 
amid thousands of enthusiastic onlookers the party was 
driven to the State University. At the main entrance the 
President found the Faculty, the University Battalion, 
and about 1, 000 other people awaiting his coming. Acting 
President Kellogg briefly welcomed the distinguished 
guest. 

The President, standing with uncovered head in the 
carriage, spoke as follows : 

It gives me great pleasure even to inspect these grounds and the 
exterior of these buildings devoted to education. Our educational 
institutions, beginning with the primary common schools and cul- 
minating in the great universities of the land, are the instrumen- 
talities by which the future citizens of this country are to be trained 
in the principles of morality and in the intellectual culture which 



394 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

will fit them to maintain, develop, and perpetuate what their 
fathers have begun. 

I am glad to receive your welcome, and only regret that it is 
impossible for me to make a closer observation of your work. I 
unite with you in mourning the loss which has come to you in the 
death of Professor Le Conte. I wish for the institution and for 
those who are called here to train the young the guidance and 
blessing of God in all their endeavors. 

Institute of the Dumb and Blind. 

Leaving the University the President was rapidly driven 
through a beautiful residence district and entered the 
grounds of the California Institute of the Deaf, Dumb and 
Blind. Before the great edifice stood the teachers : G. 
B. Goodall, T. D'Estrella, T. Grady, F. O'Donnell, 
Henry Frank, Douglas Kieth, C. T. Wilkinson, N. F. 
Whipple, Mary Dutch, Laura Nourse, Elizabeth Moffitt, 
Rose Sedgwick, Otto Fleissner, and Charles S. Perry. As- 
sembled on the green were more than 200 afflicted little 
ones. The blind welcomed the President with their sym- 
pathetic voices, the dumb looked upon him and smiled, 
while the deaf waved their little hands with joy. Super- 
intendent Wilkinson in an address warmly thanked the 
party for their visit. 

The President, responding, said: 

It gives me great pleasure to stop for a moment at one of these 
institutions so characteristic of our Christian civilization. In the 
barbarous ages of the world the afflicted were regarded by supersti 
tion unhelpful, or treated with cruel neglect ; but in this better 
day the States are everywhere making magnificent provision for 
the comfort and education of the blind and deaf and dumb. 

Where one avenue to the mind has been closed science is opening 
another. The eye does the work of the ear, the finger the work of 
the tongue for the dumb, and touch becomes sight to the blind. I 
am sure that gladness has come to all these young hearts through 
the benevolent, careful, and affectionate instruction they are receiv- 
ing here. I thank you, and wish all of you the utmost happi- 
ness through life. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 395 

OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA, MAY 2. 

LEAVING the Asylum for the Blind the presidential party 
was driven rapidly to Oakland, passing through the sub- 
urban town of Temescal, where a large crowd, including 
several hundred school children, greeted the distinguished 
visitors. The President was accompanied by Mayor Mel- 
vin Chapman and the following members of the Oakland 
Reception Committee: Ex-Mayor John R. Glascock, 
Hon. Geo. E. Whitney, Senator W. E. Dargie, J. G. Mc- 
Call, A. C. Donnell, T. C. Coogan, John P. Irish, Hon. E. 
S. benison, C. D. Pierce, J. W. McClymonds, W. D. 
English, H. M. Sanborn, M. J. Keller, J. F. Evans, A. 
W. Bishop, W. W. Foote, Robert McKillican, Charles 
G. Yale, G. W. McNear, W. R. Thomas, C. B. Evans, 
and Maj. F. R. O'Brien. 

As the presidential carriage turned into Jackson Street 
at half -past 1 o'clock nearly 10,000 school children wel- 
comed the Chief Magistrate with a fusillade of bouquets. 
The crowd was so great the President was unable to reach 
the reviewing stand, where Mr. Wanamaker awaited him. 
Making the best of the situation, Mayor Chapman arose 
in the carriage and formally welcomed the President on 
behalf of the citizens. 

President Harrison, speaking from the same carriage, 
responded as follows : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow-citizens I am glad to meet you all, and I 
assure you I appreciate this magnificent demonstration. I must 
congratulate you upon your fine institutions, and particularly your 
streets, which, I believe, are the best in the country. I thank you 
for this reception most heartily. I regret that your enthusiasm 
and the vast size of this assembly has somewhat disconcerted the 
programme marked out, but I can speak as well from here as from 
the stand, which seems to be inaccessible. I return my sincere 
thanks for your welcome and express the interest and gratification 
I have felt this morning in riding through some of the streets of 
your beautiful city. I thank you most sincerely for your friendli- 
ness and bid you good -by. [Great cheering.] 



396 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, MAY 2. 
Union League Reception. 

IMMEDIATELY on returning from his arduous trip to Sac- 
ramento and Oakland the President attended a reception 
in his honor tendered by members of the Union League at 
their club-house. The affair was one of the most notable 
of any in which the presidential guests participated dur- 
ing their visit to the golden West, and was conducted 
under the direction of the following committee: A. E. 
Castle, Joseph S. Spear, Jr., F. S. Chadbourne, W..H. 
Chamberlain, T. H. Minor, J. H. Hegler, Frank J.French, 
J. T. Giesting, William Macdonald, J. S. Mumaugh, R. D. 
Laidlaw, S. K. Thornton, W. D. Saiiborn, Joseph Simon- 
son, J. M. Litchfield, and L. H. Clement. 

The President entered upon the arm of Wendell Easton, 
President of the Union League Club, followed by the first 
lady of the land, escorted by Governor Markham. The 
Reception Committee comprised: Senator Stanford, Gen- 
eral Dimond, M. H. de Young, Judge Estee, I. C. Stump, 
W. C. Van Fleet, C. J. Bandmann, W. E. Dargie, N. P. 
Chipman, Lewis Gerstle, F. A. Vail, Col. W. R. Shatter, 
Mrs. Leland Stanford, Mrs. R. D. Laidlaw, Mrs. W. H. 
Chamberlain, Mrs. Joseph S. Spear, Jr., Mrs. W. W. Mor- 
row, Mrs, F. L. Castle, Mrs. M. H. de Young, Mrs. 1ST. P. 
Chipman, Mrs. C. J. Bandmann, Miss Emma Spreckels, 
Miss Thornton, Mrs. Wendell Easton, Mrs. S. W. Backus, 
Mrs. G. H. Sanderson, Mrs. W. E. Dargie, Miss Stump, 
Miss Reed, and others prominent in society. 

After the long and brilliant column had passed before 
the presidential line Samuel M. Shortridge stepped before 
the President and in an eloquent address in behalf of the 
Union League Club presented him with a fac-simile, in 
gold, of the invitation issued to the reception. 

General Harrison, in accepting the beautiful souvenir, 
said: 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 397 

California is full of ambuscades, not of a hostile sort, but with 
all embarrassments that attend surprise. In a hasty drive this 
afternoon, when I thought I was to visit Oakland, I was suddenly 
drawn up in front of a college und asked to make an address, and 
in a moment afterward before an asylum for the deaf, dumb, and 
blind, the character of which I did not know until the carriage 
stopped in front of it. All this taxes the ingenuity as your kind- 
ness moves the heart of one who is making a hurried journey 
through California. I do not need such souvenirs as this to keep 
fresh in my heart this visit to your State. It will be pleasant, 
however, to show to others who have not participated in this 
enjoyment the record of a trip that has been very eventful and one 
of perpetual sunshine and happiness. I do not think I could have 
endured the labor and toil of travel- unless I had been borne up by 
the inspiriting and hearty good-will of your people. I do not know 
what collapse is in store for me when it is withdrawn. I fear I 
shall need a vigorous tonic to keep up to the high level of enjoy- 
ment and inspiration which your kind treatment has given me. 
I thank you for this pleasant social enjoyment and this souvenir 
of it. [Applause.] 



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, MAY 3. 
Farewell. 

SUNDAY evening the President and his party, after 
passing a restful day at the Palace Hotel, quietly took their 
leave of San Francisco and repaired to their palatial train. 
Mayor Sanderson and his secretary, Mr. Steppacher, Col. 
Charles F. Crocker and Colonel Andrews, of the Kecep- 
tion Committee, escorted the party to their train. The 
President personally thanked these gentlemen for their 
kind and unremitting attentions during their visit. 
Shortly before the train resumed its long journey, at a 
quarter past midnight, the President gave out the follow- 
ing card of thanks to the people of California : 

I desire, for myself and for the ladies of our party, to give an 
expression of our thanks for many individual acts of courtesy, 
which, but for the pressure upon our time, would have been 
specially acknowledged. Friends who have been so kind will not, 
I am sure, impute to us any lack of appreciation or intended 



398 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

neglect. The very excess of their kindness has made any adequate, 
and much more, any particular, return impossible. You will all 
believe that there has been no purposed neglect of any locality or 
individual. We leave you with all good wishes for the State of 
California and all her people. 

BENJ. HARRISON. 



RED BLUFF, CALIFORNIA, MAY 4. 

MONDAY morning, May 4, found the presidential train 
rolling through Northern California. A short stop was 
made at Tehama, where the President shook hands with 
the crowd in the rain. Red Bluff, the county seat of Te- 
hama County, was reached at 8 :30 o'clock, and several thou- 
sand people greeted the President, among them D. D. Dod- 
son and Capt. J. T. Matlock, the latter an old army friend 
who served in General Harrison's regiment. 

On being presented to the assemblage by his former com- 
rade the President spoke as follows : 

My Friends It is very pleasant to meet here an old comrade of 
the Seventieth Indiana Volunteers. Your fellow citizen, Captain 
Matlock, who has spoken for you, commanded one of the companies 
of my regiment, and is, therefore, a very old and very dear friend. 
Once before in California I had a like surprise. The other day a 
glee club began to sing a song that was familiar to me, and I said 
to those standing about me . " Why, that song was written by a 
lieutenant in my old regiment, and I have not heard it since the 
war. " Presently the leader of the glee club turned his face toward 
me and I found he was the identical lieutenant and the composer 
of the song, singing it for my benefit. All along I have met old 
Indiana acquaintances, and I am glad to see them, whether they 
were of my old command or from other regiments of the great war. 
They all seem to be prosperous and happy. Captain Matlock was 
about the same size during the war that he is now. I very well 
remember, according to his own account, that at Resaca he under- 
took to make a breastwork of so tie "down timber," but he found, 
after looking about, that it was insufficient cover, and took a 
standing tree. [Laughter. ] 

Seriously, my friends, you have a most beautiful State, capable 
of promoting the comfort of your citizens in a very high degree, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 399 

and although already occupying a high place in the galaxy of 
States, it will, I am sure, take a much higher one. It is pleasant 
to see how the American spirit prevails among all your people, the 
love for the flag and the Constitution, those settled and permanent 
things that live whether men go or come. They came to us from 
our fathers and will pass down to our children. You are blessed 
with a genial climate and a most productive soil. I see you have 
in this northern part of California wliat I have seen elsewhere a 
well-ordered community, with churches and school-houses, which 
indicates that you are not giving all your thoughts to material 
things, but thinking of those things that qualify the soul for the 
hereafter. We have been treated to another surprise this morning 
in the first shower we have seen in California. I congratulate you 
that it rains here. May all blessings fall upon you, like the gentle 
rain. [Cheers. ] 



REDDING, CALIFORNIA, MAY 4. 

AT Redding, Shasta County, the distinguished travellers 
were welcomed by several hundred school children, mar- 
shalled by William Jackson. Mayor Brigman and the 
members of the City Council, with W. P. England, L. H. 
Alexander, B. F. Roberts, Mrs. E. A. Reid, and other prom- 
inent residents, participated in the reception. Judge C. 
C. Bush, through whose exertions the visit was secured, 
delivered an address of welcome and introduced the Presi- 
dent, who spoke as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens It is yery pleasant, as we near the northern 
line of California, after having traversed the valleys of the south, 
and are soon to leave the State in which we have had so much 
pleasurable intercourse with its people, to see here, as I have seen 
elsewhere, multitudes of contented, prosperous, and happy people. 
I am assured you are here a homogeneous people, all Americans, 
all by birth or by free choice lovers of one flag and one Constitution. 
It seems to me as I look into the faces of these California audiences 
that life must be easier here than it is in the old States. I see 
absolutely no evidences of want. Every one seems to be well 
nourished. Your appearance gives evidence that the family board 
is well supplied, and from the gladness on your faces it is evident 
that in your social relations everything is quiet, orderly, and 



400 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

hopeful. I thank you for your friendly demonstrations. I wish 
it were possible for me to do more in exchange for all your great 
kindness than simply to say thank you ; but I do profoundly thank 
you, and shall carry away from your State the very happiest 
impressions and very pleasant memories. [Cheers.] 



SISSON, CALIFORNIA, MAY 4. 

A BRIEF stop was made at Dunsmuir, where the Presi- 
dent shook hands with and thanked the people for their 
greeting, remarking that he was glad to find that even on 
the hilltops of California they found something profitable 
to do. 

Sisson, at the foot of Mount Shasta, was reached at 3 
o'clock ; it was the last stopping-point in California, and 
the entire population turned out in honor of the visitors. 
The Committee of Reception was Asa Persons, Hugh B. 
Andrews, Oliver E. Moors, T. J. Sullivan, Frank B. Moors, 
and the veterans of Mount Shasta Post, G. A. R. 

President Harrison, addressing the assemblage, said : 

My Friends I have been talking now over a trip of 6, 000 miles 
and feel pretty well talked out ; but I can always say, as I say to 
you now, that it is ever a very great pleasure to me to see these 
kindly faces turned toward me. We have received in South Cali- 
fornia, in their orange groves, a very hearty welcome, and it is 
very pleasant to come now to this fine scenery among these snow- 
capped mountains. I have no doubt that you find here in this 
high altitude an inspiration for all good things. I thank you 
again for your cordial greeting. 



ASHLAND, OREGON, MAY 4. 

THE first stop in Oregon was at Ashland, at 8 P.M., in 
a drizzling rain. An escort committee from the Oregon 
Legislature and the Portland Board of Trade, headed by 
Hon. Joseph Simon, President of the Senate, met the Chief 
Executive at this point. The local Reception Committee 
comprised Mayor G. M. Grainger, Hon. J. M. McCall, D. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 401 

R. Mills, Dr. J. Hall, and Col. J. T. Bowditch, Judge 
Advocate General O. N. G. 

Responding to the greeting of the Legislative Commit- 
tee the President said : 

Mr. Simon and Gentlemen of the Committee I esteem it an honor 
that the Legislature of the State of Oregon has taken this notice of 
my visit, and I receive with pleasure this welcome you have 
extended to me. I am very glad to greet you, and it will give me 
pleasure to see you further before leaving the State. 

The President then appeared on the platform, and was 
presented to the citizens by the Mayor, and spoke briefly, 
saying : 

My Friends This cordial welcome, under the infelicitous cir- 
cumstances, is very gratifying to us as we enter the great State of 
Oregon. In the State of California we had sunshine, and it was 
perhaps to be expected that the favorable weather conditions should 
draw about our platform a large concourse of people, but you have 
evidenced your interest in the Government and the flag and your 
friendly interest in us by turning out on this inclement night to 
bid us welcome to your State. I thank you most sincerely, and 
wish for you and yours all good, and for your State a continued 
career of development and prosperity. 



MEDFORD, OREGON, MAY 4. 

THE President's visit to Medford at 10 P.M. was ac- 
knowledged by a general illumination. The veterans of 
Chester A.Arthur Post, G. A. R., J. R. Erford, Com- 
mander, and J. H. Faris, Adjutant, were out en masse. 
Mayor G. W. Howard made a brief address and intro- 
duced the President, who said : 

Comrades and Fellow -citizens It gives me great pleasure to see 
you to-night, especially these old comrades, to whom I am glad to 
give a comrade's greeting. I would have you think of me as a 
comrade. I recall those army scenes which are fresh in your minds 
as well as mine, the scenes of privation, suffering, and battle, and 
I am glad to see that the old flag you took to the field and brought 

26 



402 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

home in honor is still held in honor' among you. It is a beautiful 
emblem of a great Government. We ought to teach our children 
to love it and to regard it as a sacred thing, a thing for which 
men have died and for which men will die. It symbolizes the 
government of the States under one Constitution, for while you are 
all Oregonians as I am an Indianian, and each has his pride in 
State institutions and all that properly pertains to our State Gov- 
ernment, we have a larger and greater pride in the fact that we 
are citizens of a Nation, of a Union of States, having a common 
Constitution. [Cheers. ] 

It is this flag that represents us on the sea and in foreign coun- 
tries . it is under this flag that our navies sail and our armies 
inarch. I thank you for this cordial greeting. I hope you have 
found in this State comfortable homes, and that in the years that 
remain to you God will follow you with those blessings which 
your courage and patriotism and sacrifices have so well merited. 
[Cheers.] 



ALBANY, OREGON, MAY 5. 

THE presidential party arrived at the thriving city of 
Albany, in the Willamette Valley, at 8 o'clock on the 
morning of the 5th, and were received by 5,000 people. 
Mayor J. L. Cowan headed the Committee of Reception, 
consisting of J. W. Cusick, Judge L. Flinn, W. C. Twee- 
dale, J. R. Whitney, L. E. Blain, M. Sternberg, G. F. 
Simpson, Dr. D. M. Jones, A. Hackleman, and Thomas 
Monteith. McPherson Post, G. A. R., J. F. W T hiting, 
Commander, and Company F, O. N. G., Capt. Geo. E. 
Chamberlain, together with 200 students from the State 
Agricultural College at Corvallis, under Prof. J. D. 
Letcher, participated in the reception. Mayor Cowan 
delivered the address of welcome. 

President Harrison, in response, said : 

My Fellow citizens It gives me great pleasure to see you, and to 
have the testimony of your presence here this wet morning to the 
interest you take in this little party of strangers who are pausing 
only for a moment with you. We do not need any assurance, as 
we look over an American audience like this, that upon some 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 403 

tilings, at least, we are of one mind. One of these things is that 
we have a Union indissoluble ; that we have a flag we all honor, 
and that shall suffer no dishonor from any quarter. While I regret 
the inclemency of the morning, I have been thinking that after all 
there was a sort of instructive moral force in the uncertainty of 
the weather, which, our friends in Southern California do not 
enjoy. How can a boy or young woman be well trained in self- 
denial and resignation who does not know what it is to have a 
picnic or picnic dress spoiled by a shower, or some fishing excur- 
sion by a storm? I thank you for this welcome. [Cheers.] 



SALEM, OREGON, MAY 5. 

SALEM, the capital of Oregon, was reached at 9 A.M. 
The local militia and several thousand citizens assembled 
to greet the President, including Governor Pennoyer, 
Mayor P. H. D'Arcy, Charles Morris, E. M. Waite, A. 
N. Gilbert, William Brown, and other prominent citizens; 
also, the Legislative Keception Committee, headed by 
Hon. Joseph Simon, President of the Senate, and Hon. 
T. T. Geer, Speaker of the House. En route from the 
depot to the State House thousands of people lined the 
sidewalks and several hundred school children, bearing 
flags, waved a cordial greeting. Arriving at the Assem- 
bly Chamber, Mayor D'Arcy presided and welcomed the 
President in the name of the city; he was followed by 
Governor Pennoyer, who extended " a generous, heartfelt 
welcome on behalf of the people of Oregon." 

With marked earnestness President Harrison responded 
as follows: 

Governor Pennoyer, Mr, Mayor and Fellow -citizens It is very 
pleasant to be assured by these kindly words which have been 
spoken by the Governor of this State and by the chief officer of 
this municipality that we are welcome to the State of Oregon and 
to the city of Salem. I find here, as I found elsewhere, that these 
cordial words of welcome are repeated with increased emphasis by 
the kindly faces of those who assemble to greet us. I am glad that 
here as elsewhere we look into the faces of happy, prosperous, con- 



404 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

tented, liberty-loving, patriotic American citizens. Our birthright, 
the wise anticipation of those who framed our Government, our 
national and constitutional organization, which has repeated itself 
in all the States of the Union, this wholesome and just division 
of power between the three great independent, co-ordinate branches 
of the Government the executive, the legislative, and the judicial 
has already demonstrated that what seems to the nations of 
Europe to be a complicated and jangling system produces in fact 
the most perfect harmony, and the most complete and satisfactory 
organization for social order and for national strength. 

We stand here to-day in one of these halls set apart to the law- 
making body of your State. Those who assemble here are chosen 
by your suffrages. They come here as representatives to enact into 
laws those views of public questions which have met the sanction 
of the majority of your people, expressed in an orderly and honest 
way at the ballot-box. I hope it may be always found to be true 
of Oregon that your legislative body is a representative body ; that 
coming from the people, its service is consecrated to the people, 
and the purpose of its creation is attained by giving to the well- 
ordered and well-disposed the largest liberty, by curbing, by 
wholesome laws, the ill-disposed and the lawless, and providing 
by economical methods for the public needs. The judiciary, that 
comes next in our system, to interpret and apply the public stat- 
utes, has been in our country a safe refuge for all who are 
oppressed. It is greatly to our credit as a Nation that w T ith rare 
exceptions those who have worn the judicial ermine in the highest 
tribunals of the country, and notably in the Supreme Court of the 
United States, have continued to retain the confidence of the peo- 
ple of the whole country. The duty of the Executive is to admin- 
ister the law ; the military powder is lodged with him under 
constitutional limitations. He does not frame statutes, though in 
most States, and under our national Government, a veto power is 
lodged in him with a view to secure reconsideration of any par- 
ticular measure. 

But a public executive officer has one plain duty : it is to enforce 
the law with kindness and forbearance, but with promptness and 
inexorable decision. He may not choose what laws he will enforce 
any more than the citizen may choose what laws he will obey. 
We have here but one king . it is the law, passed by those consti- 
tutional methods which are necessary to make it binding upon the 
people, and to that king all men must bow. It is my great pleas- 
ure to find so generally everywhere a disposition to obey the law. 
I have but one message for the North and for the South, for the 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 405 

East and the West, as I journey through this land. It is to hold 
up the law, and to say everywhere that every man owes allegiance 
to it, and that all law-breakers must be left to the deliberate and 
safe judgment of an established tribunal. You are justly proud of 
your great State. Its capabilities are enormous ; its adaptation to 
comfortable life is peculiar and fine. The years will bring you 
increased population and increased wealth. I hope they will bring 
with it, marching in this stately progress of material things, those 
finer things piety, pure homes, and orderly communities. But 
above all this State pride, over all our rejoicings in the advantages 
which are about us in our respective States, we look with greater 
pride to that great arch of government that unites these States and 
makes of them all one great Union. But, my fellow- citizens, the 
difficulties that I see interposed between us and the train which is 
scheduled to depart very soon warn me to bring these remarks to a 
speedy close. I beg again, most profoundly, to thank you for this 
evidence of your respect, this evidence of your love for the insti- 
tutions of our common country. [Cheers. ] 



CHEMAWA, OREGON, MAY 5. 

AT Chemawa, the seat of an Indian training-school, the 
President reviewed the pupils and, in response to calls for 
a speech, addressed them as follows : 

My Young Friends It gives me great pleasure to stop for a 
moment to see these evidences of the good work the Government is 
doing for you and the good work you are doing for yourselves. 
All the purposes of the Government toward you and your people 
are benevolent and friendly. It is our wish that you may become 
such people as your neighbors are industrious, kindly, peaceful, 
and self-respecting. Everything that I can do to promote this end 
will be gladly done. I hope your instructors and all those who 
are brought close to you will in every way express and carry out 
the benevolent and kindly intentions of the Government. 



406 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



OREGON CITY, OREGON, MAY 5. 

A CORDIAL greeting was accorded the President at Ore- 
gon City by the pioneers and army veterans. The Com- 
mittee of Reception was Hon. J. T. Apperson, Hon. H. 
E. Cross, Hon. T. W. Sullivan, and T. Rands. From 
beneath a triumphal floral arch near the station the Mayor 
delivered a welcoming address, closing with three cheers. 

The President, in response, said : 

Fellow-citizens This is a very pleasant morning reception. The 
heartiness and genuineness of your greeting is unmistakable, and 
I beg to assure you that we most heartily appreciate and return 
your kindly thoughts. You have here a most important State, one 
of those bordering on the Pacific, completing the autonomy of our 
great country, and giving us a seaboard on the Pacific as well as 
upon the Atlantic which was essential to our completeness and 
separateness as a people. The interesting story of the early settle- 
ment of Oregon, of the international contest which for some time 
threatened international war, is fresh in the minds of these pio- 
neers, and I am sure is taught to these children of your public 
schools. The work of those who set up the American flag here, 
and who secured to us this fertile region, is worthy of mention 
and of honorable commemoration by this generation, which is 
entering into their labors. Your State has added another to that 
succession of kindly greetings which began when we left the na- 
tional capital. We have come out of the land of irrigation and 
roses into this land where the Lord takes care of the crops ; and 
this dependence upon the seasons is not without its instructive and 
moral influences. Nature seems to have made a fresh, white toilet 
for us as we have come down the banks of this beautiful river. To 
the pioneers, to those who have entered in with less labor to the 
inheritance left to them, to these children and to these comrades 
of the Grand Army, I give my most hearty greeting. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 407 



PORTLAND, OREGON, MAY 5. 

TUESDAY, at noon, found the President and his party at 
Portland, where they received an enthusiastic greeting. 
Ten thousand people were present, notwithstanding the 
rainy weather. The President was welcomed at the sta- 
tion by Mayor Van B. De Lashmutt and wife, Chief -Jus- 
tice R. S. Strahan, Supreme Judges W. P. Lord and 
R. S. Bean, Federal Judge M. P. Deady, Hon. Joseph 
Simon, President of the Senate; Hon. T. T. Geer, Speaker 
of the House; ex-Atty.-Gen. Geo. H. Williams, Hon. T. 
F. Osborn, President Chamber of Commerce; Hon. E. 

B. McElroy, Gen. O. Summers, Gen. Wm. Kapus, Hon. 
M. C. George, Hon. Henry Failing, Hon. C. A. Dolph, 
Hon. P. L. Willis, Hon. F. V. Drake, Hon. G. L. Story, 
Hon. J. C. Moreland, Hon. J. C. Fuller-ton, Hon. H. B. 
Miller, Philip Metschan, and Mrs. Rosa F. Burrell; also 
W. F. Matlock, J. H. McClung, and S. B. Eakin, Jr., of 
Eugene City. 

The parade was a brilliant affair. The veterans of the 
several G. A. R. posts acted as the guard of honor. The 
great column was directed by Col. T. M. Anderson, U. S. 
A., aided by O. F. Paxton, Chief of Staff; C. M. Idle- 
man, D. S/Tuthill, Dr. Henry E. Jones, J. G. Wood- 
worth, R. W. Mitchell, F. K. Arnold, L. A. Lewis, E. 

C. Michenor, C. R. Holcomb, Charles E. Dodd, J. C. 
Courtney, J. A. Sladden, John Gwilt, G. A. Harding, 
Gen. C. S. Wright, Gen. C. P. Holloway, Col. R. S. 
Greenleaf, Col. D. H. Turner, N. S. Pierce, G. E. Caukin, 
A. E. Borthwick, Col. H. H. Northup, Col. R. T. Cham- 
berlain, G. H. Durham, H. C. Allen, E. A. Weed, M. J. 
Morse, Geo. C. Sears, F. R. Neal, Dr. W. H. Saylor, Capt. 
J. E. Lombard, C. E, Dubois, H. P. Wilson, and M. G. 
Steffen. 

Conspicuous in the procession were the following staff 



408 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

officers of the Department of the Columbia: Maj. C. A. 
Wikoff, Maj. W. H. Nash, Maj. J. C. Muhlenberg, Maj. 
J. G. C. Lee, and Captains C. McClure andC. H. Ingalls; 
also Hon. R. P. Earhart, Geo. A. Steel, F. P. Mays, E. 
T. Hatch, J. T. Stewart, Mayor of East Portland ; D. M. 
McLauchlin, Mayor of Albina; A. M. Crawford, of Rose- 
burg, and the French, Russian, and Danish vice-consuls. 

In the evening five companies of the First Regiment, O. 
N. G., commanded by Col. Charles F. Beebe, escorted the 
President, Secretary Rusk, and Postmaster-General Wan- 
amaker to the Exposition Building, where an audience of 
15,000 greeted them. Mayor De Lashmutt delivered an 
eloquent address of welcome. 

President Harrison was tendered an ovation as he arose 
to respond. He said : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow -citizens No more brilliant or inspiring 
scene than this has been presented to our eyes in this wonderful 
series of receptions which have been extended to us on our journey. 
You have been filled wjth regret to-day that your weeping skies 
did not present to us the fair spectacle which you had hoped ; and 
yet this very discouragement has but added to the glory of this 
magnificent reception. [Cheers. ] To stand in the bright sunshine 
of a genial day and to wave a welcome is not so strong a proof 
of the affectionate interest of a people as you have given to-day 
standing in this down-pouring rain [Cheers. J In the presence 
of a multitude like this, in a scene made brilliant by these decora- 
tions, I stand inadequate to any suitable expression of the gratitude 
that fills my heart. [Cheers. ] 

I was quite inclined to stand by the Superintendent of the Census 
in the count which he made of the States , but I am afraid if I 
had witnessed this scene, pending your application for a recount, 
that it would have been granted. [Laughter and great cheering. ] 
I am sorry that it could not have been made as the people turned 
out to give us this welcome ; I am sure no one would have been 
missed. [Laughter and cheers. 1 

This State is interesting in its history. The establishment of the 
authority of the United States over this region was an important 
event in our national history. The possession of the Columbia and 
of Puget Sound was essential to the completeness and the roundness 
of our empire. We have here in this belt of States, reaching from 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 409 

the Gulf of California to the Straits of Fuca, a magnificent posses 
sion which we could not have dispensed with at all. [Cheers.] 
The remoteness of Oregon from the older settled States, the peril 
and privation which attended the steps of the pioneer as he came 
hither, delayed the development of this great country. You are 
now but beginning to realize the advantage of closer and easier 
communications. You are but now beginning to receive from an 
impartial and beneficent Government that attention which you 
well deserve. [Cheers. ] 

That this river of yours should be made safe and deep, so that 
waiting commerce may come without obstruction to your wharf, 
is to be desired. [Cheers. ] It should receive those appropriations 
which are necessary to make the work accomplish the purpose in 
view. [Cheers.] I believe that you may anticipate a largely 
increased commerce. Looking out as you do toward the regions 
across the Pacific, it would be but natural that this important 
centre should draw from them and exchange with them a great 
and increasing commerce [Cheers.] I am in entire sympathy 
with the suggestion of the Mayor that it is important that this 
commerce should be carried in American ships. [Cheers. ] A few 
days ago, when I sailed in the harbor of San Francisco, I saw three 
great deep water ships come into that port. One carried the flag 
of Hawaii and two the English flag. None bore at the masthead 
the Stars and Stripes. I believe it is the duty of the national Gov- 
ernment to take such steps as will restore the American merchant 
marine. [Cheers.] Why shall we not have our share in the great 
commerce of the w T orld? I cannot but believe and such inspiring 
presences as this but kindle and confirm my belief that we are 
come to a time when this Nation should look to the future and 
step forward bravely and courageously in new lines of enterprise. 
[Cheers. ] 

The Nicaragua Canal should be completed. [Cheers.] Our har- 
bors should have adequate defence. [Cheers.] We should have 
upon the sea a navy of first-class ships. [Cheers.] We are here in 
the most kindly relations to these South American and Central 
American countries We have been content that Europe should do 
the commerce of these nations. We have not availed ourselves of 
the advantages of neighborhood and of friendly kindred republican 
institutions to develop our commerce with those people. We have, 
fortunately, as a result of the great conference of American nations, 
set on foot measures that I confidently hope will bring to us 
speedily our just share of this great commerce. [Cheers. ] 

I am glad to know that we are here to-night as American citi- 



410 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

zens, lovers of the one flag and the one Constitution. [Enthusiastic 
cheering. ] Proud of Oregon ' Yes, you may well be proud of Ore- 
gon. But, my countrymen, above all, crowning all, greater than, 
all, is our American citizenship. [Great cheering. ] What would 
one of these States be "without the other? What is it that gives us 
prestige abroad and power at home? It is that we have formed a 
government of the people , that we have one flag and speak w r ith 
one voice to all the nations of the earth. [Enthusiastic cheering. ] 
I hope that narrow sentiment that regards the authority of the 
United States or its officers as alien or strange has once and forever 
been extinguished in this land of ours. [Great cheering. ] My 
countrymen, I am profoundly grateful for this magnificent demon- 
stration. I accept it as a tribute to your institutions and to your 
country. No man is worthy of it ; he can only return for it a fresh 
consecration of himself to the duties of public office and private 
citizenship. [Great cheering. ] Again I assure you that you have 
given us to-day what is to my mind, under the conditions, taking 
into account the population of your city, the most splendid dem- 
onstration we have seen on the whole journey. [Prolonged and 
enthusiastic cheering. J 

At the conclusion of the President's address the great 
assemblage began calling for Postmaster- General Wana- 
maker. After a few moments' hesitation the distinguished 
Philadelphian came forward and was the recipient of an 
ovation. He said 

Fellow-countrymen I am proud to be present at this magnificent 
demonstration. I am especially pleased at the address the Presi 
dent has delivered. Instead of having it printed for Congress he 
has reserved it for the people of Oregon, and personally brought 
you his message. [Cheers.] What you have done to-day has cer- 
tainly touched his heart; and no man would be human who did 
not feel moved at this wondeiful welcome that you have prepared 
for your President. I think you had him in mind all the time, 
and wanted to show that your loyalty and affection w^ould wash. 
[Laughter and cheers. ] 

I am proud to be an American citizen, and to see how the people 
rally round the flag and the chief standard-bearer, the President 
of the United States. [Cheers. ] From the day he started from 
home his pathway has been strewn with garlands, and many timeo 
our way has lain through a path knee-deep with flowers. They 
have been scattered all the way from Virginia to Oregon ; but 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 411 

above all is the hearty, loving, loyal welcome that has been ex- 
tended to us at every stop we have made. On the boundary of 
your State, at the little town of Salem [laughter], I think, a wel- 
come was spoken most beautifully and heartily by your Governor. 
[Tremendous cheering.] But you have about 60,000 majority over 
Salem. [Cheers. ] 

How can any one thank you for it except to go back to Wash- 
ington and do the very best in his power for your good and the 
good of the whole people? Some of us Eastern people are doing 
now what Columbus did 400 years ago we are discovering Amer- 
ica. [Cheers.] If what you have done for us here to-night and 
what you have done to-day is a true index to your energy and 
determination, what is there you will not grasp and do when you 
get at it? [Cheers.] I am sure you will find one opportunity in 
aiding in the postal telegraph. We are going to have penny postage 
all the country over. [Cheers. ] But before that time comes let us 
go out into the new States as the villages and hamlets build up 
and let us give them the mail with the freest intercourse and the 
fullest facility. I will now make way for the next man, for the 
largest Secretary of all is still to come. [Cheers and laughter.] 

Secretary Rusk also received a hearty welcome. His 
remarks about the Weather Bureau had a peculiar zest be- 
cause of the presence of Gen. A. W. Greely, chief signal 
officer. He said : 

Ladies and Gentlemen It is with great pleasure that I meet you 
here to-night I would not have a heart if I did not say that I 
have been touched by this demonstration and the demonstration 
on your streets to-day. [Cheers.] I account for this in a dif- 
ferent way from those who have preceded me. I saw on your 
streets to-day more ladies than I saw in any city which we have 
visited since we left Washington. And the beautiful children! 
While we have had more flowers in other States, we have not 
met more beautiful women and lovely children. I tell you, in 
order to raise anything sweetly and beautifully you must have 
rain. [Cheers.] Congress has passed a law providing that the 
Weather Bureau be turned over to me July 1, and if I can control 
the weather and another President comes here I will see that 
you have a flood. [Cheers and laughter.] I will endeavor, how- 
ever, after July 1 to give you thirteen months' rain every year. 
I have been touched to the heart in many ways since I came to 
your beautiful city. I have met friends who were my boyhood's 
friends away back in Wisconsin, and comrades who served with 



412 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

me in battle and in camp. [Cheers.] I would fail to do my duty 
if I did not say that I am glad to see you all. God bless them and 
may the future deal kindly with you all. [Great cheering.] 



CENTRALIA, WASHINGTON, MAY 6. 

EARLY on the morning of the 6th the presidential train 
crossed the State line and entered the new State of Wash- 
ington, stopping a moment at Chehalis, and reaching Cen- 
tralia at 7 o'clock. Here the President was received with 
a national salute, and notwithstanding the rain several 
thousand people were present. Mayor D. B. Rees and the 
following prominent residents welcomed the Chief Magis- 
trate: J. H. Corwin, H. J. Miller, W. H. Bachtall, H. L. 
Meade, Geo. Miller, E. R. Butherworth, Charles Johnson, 
Henry Shield, N. B. Kelsey, A. J. Wright, and Geo. H. 
Ellsbury. 

The President said : 

My Fellow citizens It is very kind of you to turn out so early in 
the morning. I can count among my pleasantest experiences in 
the Northwest this very early rising. I am a good deal of a Daniel 
Webster as to early risings. [Laughter.] It gives me great pleas 
ure to notice the evidence of increased population as contrasted 
with what I saw six years ago as I passed through this country. I 
was so unfortunate then as to find it enveloped in smoke, so that 
the mountain tops were invisible. I am afraid we are to have this 
experience repeated on this visit on account of the fog. I suppose 
this is because the beauties of your country are so great that they 
have to be shaded to the eyes of a stranger. Seriously, however, 
you have a great commonwealth. I do not doubt that your future 
is to be one of great development and great increase in population, 
and that you are to found here a very contented, prosperous, and 
happy people. Fortunately you have a capacity for great agricult- 
ural development after you have cleared away the forests ; and that, 
after all, is the permanent foundation of every American city. It 
is well enough to have trees on the land and mines in the earth ; 
but trees will be cut down and mines be dug out, and the only 
thing that lasts is good soil in the hands of good husbandmen. I 
thank you most sincerely. [Cheers. ] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 413 



TACOMA, WASHINGTON, MAY 6. 

TEN thousand cheers greeted the arrival of the Presi- 
dent at Tacoma Wednesday morning. Gov. Elisha P. 
Ferry, Mayor Geo. B. Kandle, and Judge Wm. H. Calkins, 
at the head of the following Committee of Reception, met 
the party : Gen. John W. Sprague, Samuel Collyer, Col- 
onel Garretson, Judge Allyn, Hon. M. Hill, Mrs. Frank 
Allyn, W. D. Tyler, Mrs. Derrickson, Thomas Carroll, 
Dr. Munsou, Judge John Beverly, Judge Applegate, H. C. 
Wallace, Senator John B. Allen and wife, Mrs. Galusha 
Parsons, Charles Hale, George Reed, Charles Catlin, S. 
C. Slaughter, Thomas Sloane, L. E. Post, Nelson Bennett, 

F. F. Jacobs, I. W. Anderson, A. C. Mason, C. W. Griggs, 

G. W. Holmes, E. M. Hunt, John D. Hills, L. R. Man- 
ning, Hon. Thomas Carroll, Col. Charles Reichenbach, 
Atty.-Gen. Jones, State Treasurer Lindsley, J. D. Hogue, 
C. B. Zabriskie, and Fred T. Taylor. 

The decorations were upon an elaborate scale. Chief 
among the attractions of this order were five mammoth 
arches spanning Pacific Avenue, constructed from products 
typifying the principal industries of the State, to wit : the 
timber arch, coal arch, iron arch, grain arch, and shingle 
arch. Notwithstanding the rain the parade, under Chief 
Marshal C. W. Griggs, was a brilliant success. 

A noteworthy incident was the special reception tendered 
to Mrs. Harrison and the other ladies of the presidential 
party by the ladies of Tacoma at the Opera House. Fully 
5,000 paid their respects. Mrs. S. C. Slaughter, on behalf 
of the ladies of Tacoma, presented to Mrs. Harrison a 
beautiful painting of Mt. Tacoma by the artist Rollins. 
Accompanying the picture was an illustrated copy of Mrs. 
Bernice E. Wewell's poem on "Mt. Tacoma," also a gold 
engraved spoon, the latter for the President's grandson. 
In acknowledging the receipt of these souvenirs Mrs. Har- 



414 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

rison made perhaps her first public speech on the trip. 
She said : 

Ladies I cannot thank you enough for all your kindness. I 
shall take your gifts home and treasure them all my life as me- 
mentos of a most enjoyable visit to your beautiful city. [Applause. ] 

After the review of the procession Governor Ferry, in 
the presence of many thousands, formally welcomed Presi- 
dent Harrison to the State of Washington. The distin- 
guished veteran General Sprague made the address on 
behalf of the citizens of Tacoma. 

The President responded as follows : 

My Fellow -citizens I feel that it would be cruel to prolong this 
exposure which you are enduring in the inclement weather of the 
day. I visited your city and the region of Puget Sound six years 
ago. I found this country then enveloped in smoke, so that these 
grand mountain-tops, of which mention has been made in the 
address of welcome, were hidden from our view. I come again 
and the smoke is replaced by fog, and.we are still, I suppose, to 
take the existence of these snow- clad peaks on faith [Laughter 
and applause.] I don't know but there is a benevolent provision 
for your comfort in the fact that this magnificent scenery, this 
unmatched body of water are frequently hidden from, the eye of 
the traveller. If every one who journeys hither could see it all 
everybody would want to live here, and there wouldn't be room. 
[Laughter and cheers.] I congratulate you, citizens of Tacoma, 
upon the magnificent, almost magical, transformation which has 
been wrought here in these six years since I first saw your city. 
It has been amazing ; it is a tribute to the energy and the enter- 
prise and courage of your people that will endure and increase and 
attract in a yet higher degree the attention of the whole country. 

A harbor like this, so safe and commodious and deep, upon 
Puget Sound, should be made to bear a commerce that is but yet 
in its infancy. I would like to see the prows of some of these 
great steamship lines entering your ports and carrying the Ameri- 
can flag at the masthead. [Cheers. ] I believe we have come to 
the time in our development as a people when we must step for- 
ward with bold progress, or we will lose the advantage we have 
already attained. We have within ourselves the resources, and a 
market of which the world is envious. We have been content, in 
the years gone by, to allow other nations to do the carrying trade 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 415 

of the world. We have been content to see the markets of these 
American republics lying south of us mastered and controlled by 
European nations. I think the period of discontent with these 
things has now come to our people, and I believe the time is au- 
spicious for the enlargement of our commerce with these friendly 
republics lying to the south of us. I believe the time is propitious 
for re establishing upon the sea the American merchant marine, 
that shall do its share of the carrying trade of the world. 
[Applause. ] 

My friends, I desire to again express to you my regret that to 
give us this magnificent welcome, under circumstances so inau- 
spicious, you have been exposed to so much wet. I especially 
regretted, as I passed those long lines of dear school children, that 
they should have been exposed in order to do us honor. I will not 
detain you longer. For your city, for this magnificent young State 
that we have received into the .great sisterhood of the Union, of 
which you are a glorious part, we give our aspirations, our prayers, 
and our best endeavors. [Applause. ] 

On Steamer "City of Seattle," Puget Sound 

At 11 : 30 A.M. the President and his party left Tacoma, 
embarking on the steamer City of Seattle for the Queen 
City of the Northwest. There was a great outpouring at 
Tacoma to witness the departure, and the presidential con- 
voy was escorted down the sound by all the steamers in 
the bay. As the President came aboard he was met by 
Mayor and Mrs. Harry White at the head of the follow: 
ing committee of prominent citizens of Seattle: Jacob 
Furth, John H. McGraw, A. W. Bash, Postmaster Griffith 
Davies, A. M. Brookes, A. A. Denny, L. S. J. Hunt, W. 
E. Bailey, F. J. Grant, President and Mrs. G. W. Hall, 
President and Mrs. R. W. Jones, Maj. J. R. Hayden, Mr. 
and Mrs. E. Brainerd, Mrs. George H. Heilbron, Mrs. J. 
C. Haines, Mrs. R. C. Washburn, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Hol- 
man, Mrs. E. L. Terry, Mrs. J. F. McNaught, Mrs. A. B. 
Stewart, Mrs. James A. Panting, Mrs. H. F. Jackson and 
daughter, Mrs. Charles F. Jackson, Mr. and Mrs. W. R. 
Bentley, Miss Ina Jameson, Miss Annie Longfellow, Miss 
Millie Longfellow, Walter F. Gushing, Col. G. G. Lyon, 



416 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Dr. Young, D. B. Ward, Colonel Langley, J. T. Ronald, 
John Wiley, C. M. Ogden, Colonel Street, Judge Roger S. 
Greene, Mr. John Collins, Capt. W. A. Snyder, ex-Atty.- 
Gen. J. B. Metcalfe, Lieut. A. B. Wyckoff, and Dr. Whyte 
Fredrick. 

When the convoy and her noisy consorts had passed out 
of Commencement Bay and entered Puget Sound the Re- 
ception Committee assembled on deck, and Mayor White 
in an address cordially welcomed the President, who, in 
response, said: 

Mr. Mayor I accept with great gratification these words of 
welcome on behalf of the citizens of Seattle. It will give me great 
pleasure to contrast my observations of your State in 1885 with 
what I shall see to-day. I have not lost track of the progress of 
Seattle, but have, through friends, been advised of the marvellous 
development which you have made, and how you have repeated in 
the substantial character of your edifices the story of the Chicago 
fire, coming as you have out of what seemed a disaster with 
increased magnificence, and finding in it really an advantage. I 
will defer until I am m the presence of your people any further 
acknowledgment of your courtesies, and will now only thank you, 
as you are repeating here what we have observed on our whole 
trip, namely, the unification of all our people and the absolute 
oneness of sentiment in devotion to our institutions and the flag. 



SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, MAY 6. 

THE steamer bearing the presidential party, followed by 
a great flotilla that had come out to greet them, arrived 
at Seattle at 1 : 30 P.M., and fully 40,000 people witnessed 
the disembarking. The city was profusely decorated. 
On Pioneer Place stood a triumphal arch bearing the en- 
signs of all nations. Ranged at its entrance were the Sons 
of Veterans in uniform and 75 school-girls. As the Presi- 
dent's carriage entered the great arch the choir-girls greeted 
him with a song of welcome, composed for the occasion 
by Prof. L. A. Darling. Near the arch, on a platform, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 417 

sat the shrivelled form of Angeline, daughter of Chief 
Seattle, the last of the race of royal barbarians who once 
fuled in the bays and forests of the sound. She was an 
object of great interest to the President and his party. 
After visiting Lake Washington on the cable cars the 
President was escorted to the University campus by 
Stevens, Miller, and Gushing posts, G. A. R., M. M. 
Holmes and J. St. Clair, commanders. Thirty thousand 
people were assembled on the campus; officials were pres- 
ent from every part of the State, also from British Colum- 
bia. Opposite the speakers' stand were 2,000 school 
children, each waving a flag. Governor Ferry, Senator 
John B. Allen, Hon. John H. McGraw, Jacob Furth, and 
numerous other prominent men were on the platform with 
the President, Secretary Rusk, and Mr Wanamaker. 
Rev. G. A. JTewksbury pronounced the invocation. Judge 
Thomas Burke then delivered the welcoming address on 
behalf of the citizens. 

President Harrison replied : 

Judge Burke and Fellow -citizens I am sure you have too much 
kindness in your heart to ask me to make an address to you this 
afternoon. This chilly air, this drizzling rain, the long exposure 
during the day which you and these precious children have 
suffered, warn me, on your account as well as my own, that I 
should say but a few words in recognition of this magnificent wel- 
come. Six years ago I visited your beautiful city, and the distin- 
guished gentleman who has been your spokesman to day was one 
of a hospitable committee that pointed out to me the beauties of 
this location. You were then largely a prospective city. Some 
substantial and promising improvements had been begun, but it 
was a period of expectancy rather than of realization. I am glad 
to come to-day and to see how fully and perfectly the large expec- 
tations then entertained by your enterprising people have been 
realized. It is a matter of amazement to look upon these towering 
substantial granite and iron structures in which the great business 
of your city is transacted. That disaster, as it seemed to you, 
which swept away a large portion of the business part of your 
city was like the afflictions that come to the saints, a blessing in 
disguise. _ [Cheers.] You have done what Chicago did. You have 



418 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

improved the disaster by rearing structures and completing edifices 
that were unthought of before Those \vho were not enterprising 
or liberal have been compelled to be liberal and enterprising in 
order that they might realize rents for their property made vacant 
by fire. [Cheers ] 

I fully appreciate the importance of this great body of water 
upon which your city is situated. This sound, this inland sea, 
must be in the future the highway, the entrepot, of a great com 
merce. I do most sincerely believe that we are entering now upon 
a new development that will put the American flag upon the seas 
and bring to our ports in American bottoms a largely increased 
share of the commerce of the world [Cheers. ] As I have said in 
other places, for one I am thoroughly discontented with the present 
condition of things. We may differ as to methods, but I believe 
the great patriotic heart of our people is stirred, and that they are 
bent upon recovering that share of the world's commerce which 
we once happily enjoyed. Your demonstration to day under these 
unfavorable environments has been most creditable to your city 
We have certainly seen nothing in a journey characterized by 
great demonstrations to surpass this magnificent scene. [Cheers. ] 
I realize what your spokesman has said, that in all this there is a 
patriotic expression of the love of our people for the flag and for 
the Constitution [Cheers ] And now, my friends, thanking you 
for all you have done for me, humbly confessing my inability to 
repay you, pledging to you my best efforts to promote the good of 
all our people, and that I will have a watchful observation of the 
needs of your State, of your harbors, for defence, improvement, 
and security, I bid you good by. [Cheers.] 

After the President's address an effort was made to pre- 
sent the veterans individually, but the inclement weather 
forbade it. Turning to those about him President Har- 
rison said . 

T leave you very reluctantly, and I shall alwa) T s be sorry that my 
time was so limited here that I could not do justice to your hos- 
pitality. [Great cheering.] 

At 5 o'clock the party boarded their train, but a great 
crowd had assembled and called repeatedly for the Presi- 
dent, who responded and said : 

I can only thank you once more ; you have given me a royal 
welcome, and I carry away with mo the most grateful memory of 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 410 

your kindness. I was up until past midnight last night, making 
a speech, and had to he up at 6 o'clock this morning to speak to 
some friends in Oregon I leave you with the best wishes for j r our 
city and the State, [Enthusiastic cheers. ] 

As the President concluded there were loud calls for 
Postmaster-General Wanamaker, who waved his hand 
toward the children and said : 

The reasons given by the President for not making a speech cer- 
tainly apply to those who are in your programme to follow him. 
I cannot, however, leave the platform without thanking you for 
that share of the welcome that falls to us who attended. There is 
a chill in the air, but there is no lack of warmth in the cordial 
greeting that you have given to us who, though we felt ourselves 
to be strangers among you, have found ourselves to be among 
friends. I have been trying to find out since the census report 
was announced what the reason was that Philadelphia had fallen 
behind. [Laughter and applause.] It is all very plain to me now. 
This city set on a hill I shall put down in my book as Philadelphia 
Junior. [Applause.] You have the family likeness I recognize 
some of you by name, and I do not wonder that you have settled 
in this beautiful spot, so rich in its resources, where you discov 
ered everything that we have in Pennsylvania except one thing, 
and I expect you will find that before long, and I am sure that I 
hope that you will find the anthracite coal stored away somewhere 
in your hills I know if you undertake to find it you will do it. 
[Applause. ] You need no better illustration than the choir over 
yonder, that could not be stopped even to allow the President to 
speak. [Applause and laughter. ] I shall carry away from here a 
stoiy that I am afraid they will call a California story, but I will 
get your Mayor to give me a certificate that I was perfectly sober 
that there was nothing but water. [Applause and laughter. ] And 
T shall try to recommend what I have seen in this wild West, 
where people have their splendid schools, their many churches, 
their refined homes, and where there is such a hearty welcome for 
all that come in their midst, For my part of the work at Wash- 
ington I have already given you evidence that the Post-office 
Department was thinking of the Pacific coast. I shall do the best 
that I can as a business man for this splendid business people that 
you have in your city and for the many more that are to come ; 
that all the facilities of the mail quickening it, increasing it 
shall be given to you ; that you shall not say that your Government 
does not give you all the assistance iii building up your great 



420 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

enterprises and swelling the prosperity of all this coast. I say 
good -by to you and give you a heart full of good wishes. [Con- 
tinued applause.] 



PUYALLUP, WASHINGTON, MAY 6. 

IT was 10 P.M. when the train stopped at Puyallup, 
where a goodly crowd awaited the visitors. The Presi- 
dent shook hands with several score, and in response to 
calls for a speech said : 

My Fellow -citizens I am very, glad to see you to-night, but I 
am sure you will excuse me from speaking when you remember 
that I have been out in the rain all day at Tacoma and Seattle, 
and have had to talk several times. I am glad to see you, and 
appreciate the friendly interest you manifest in coming out here 
to-night in such great numbers to greet us with such kindliness. 
I have known for a long time of the great hop industry of this 
region, and I am glad to know that it has proven profitable. The 
question of the Puyallup reservation was one of the last which was 
brought officially to my attention before leaving, and I expect it 
will be one of the first I shall take up on my return. Good-night 
and good-by. 



CHEHALIS, WASHINGTON, MAY 6. 

A GREAT crowd greeted the President with cannon and 
bonfires on his arrival at Chehalis at 10 : 30 at night. The 
Committee of Reception consisted of Mayor Milet, who 
delivered an address of welcome ; Judge Ashman, an old 
comrade of the President's at Resaca; and J. F. Sachs, an 
early pioneer, who presented the President a native haw- 
thorn cane. 

Responding to greetings the President said : 
My Friends I am very much obliged to you for this midnight 
reception. We passed you this morning without stopping, and 
regretted it when we saw the number who had collected here. We 
gladly yielded to your request to stop to-night in order to show 
our appreciation of your kindness. It is very pleasant for me to 
see those people who have no interest in politics except for good 
government. [Cheers. ] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 421 



CASCADE LOCKS, OREGON, MAY 7. 

THE first stop on the morning of the 7th was at Cas- 
cade Locks, where several hundred people gave an early 
morning greeting to the President, who responded briefly, 
saying : 

My Friends I am very much obliged to you for your kindly 
greeting, and, as we stop only a few moments, I can only express 
my sincere thanks for your presence. 



HOOD RIVER STATION, OREGON, MAY 7. 

AT Hood River Station the President shook hands with 
a number and addressed the gathering as follows : 

My Friends It is very pleasant to see you this morning, and to 
come out into the sunshine after two or three days of chilly rain. 
I have been talking so much, and so much in the dampness, that 
my voice is not very good ; but my heart is always fresh and open 
to these receptions. I thank you very sincerely for your friendli- 
ness and wish for you all, and especially for these little ones, 
every happiness in life. [Cheers.] 



THE DALLES, OREGON, MAY 7. 

AFTER traversing the famous gorge of the Columbia 
River the presidential train at 11 o'clock emerged within 
view of the city of The Dalles, where an enthusiastic wel- 
come was extended the Chief Executive. The Committee 
of Reception consisted of Mayor Moody, D. M. French, 
Dr. William Shackelford, J. -A. Varney, R. F. Gibson, 
Robert Mays, H. M. Beall, John McCaul, J. P. Mclnerry, 
M. T. Nolan, George Ruch, and the following prominent 
ladies of the city : Mrs. T. S. Lang, Mrs. N. B. Sinnott, 
Mrs. A. M. Williams, Mrs E. M. Wilson, Mrs. S. French, 
Mrs. S. Brooks, Mrs. Geo. Liebe, Mrs. Charles Hilton, and 



422 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Mrs. J. Patterson. Many old soldiers and a large number 
of school children were present. 

Mayor Moody, in behalf of the city, welcomed the Pres- 
ident, who responded as follows : 

My Friends I have spoken at all times of the night and all hours 
of the day, and under conditions much less auspicious than those 
around us this morning. We have here a bright sunshine and a 
bracing air, and everything in nature adds to the gladness of this 
demonstration which you have made in our honor. I most sin- 
cerely thank you for this evidence of your friendliness. I assure 
you that it is very pleasant, and I cannot but believe that it is very 
useful for those who are charged with public duties at Washington 
occasionally to move about a little and look into the faces of the 
plain, patriotic people of the country. Most of the people who 
come to see me at Washington want something, and as the pro- 
vision made by law is not adequate to meet all these wants there 
is very apt to be a great deal of discontent but when we get out 
among the great masses of the people, among those who are doing 
the work of the farrm, of the shop, and of the office, who have a 
patriotic pride in their country and its institutions, and are kindly 
disposed, charitable in their judgments, and who have no other 
interests than that the laws shall be faithfully executed and the 
whole interest of the people faithfully looked after, we find great 
refreshment in their presence. I am sure we have such an audi- 
ence here this morning. You will not expect of any officer that 
he will altogether avoid mistakes ; you have a right to expect a 
conscientious, courageous fidelity to public duty. I quite sympa- 
thize with the suggestion of your Mayor, that it is one of the 
proper Government functions to improve and to open to safe navi- 
gation the great waterways of our country. The Government of 
the United States has reserved to itself the exclusive control of all 
navigable inland waters, and that being so, it is, of course, 
incumbent upon the Government to see that the people have the 
best possible use of them. They are important, as they furnish 
cheap transportation, and touch points that are often, either for 
economy or natural reasons, inaccessible to railway traffic. I 
thank you again for your interest and bid you a kindly farewell. 
If no ill happens to you that I do not wish, and all the good comes 
to you that I do wish in your behalf, your lives will be full of 
pleasantness and peace. [Enthusiastic cheers. ] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 423 



PENDLETON, OREGON, MAY 7. 

AFTER leaving The Dalles the presidential party encoun- 
tered a sand storm. At 5 o'clock in the afternoon they 
arrived at the beautiful city of Pendleton and were greeted 
by a large crowd, including several hundred Umatilla 
Indians, led by Chiefs Peo and Ten-a-ow-itz. Chief Peo 
made an address and said : 

I am glad to greet the great father. Indian and white man are 
now one family, friendly, and I give you the hand of welcome for 
my people. You represent one race, I another, but we are all of 
one Government, and between red man and white there should no 
longer be war. My people want only peace. In behalf of my 
tribe I say welcome, President. 

The Committee of Reception comprised Mayor J. H. 
Raley, Judge J. A. Fee, J. M. Leezer, Senator Matlock, 
Capt. A. L. Ewing, T. C. Taylor, W. D. Fletcher, S. Roth- 
child, T. F. Rourke, R. Alexander, Lot Livermore, Benj. S. 
Burroughs, H. L. Marston, T. G. Hailey, W. D. Hansford, 
F. W. Vincent, Mrs. M. B. Clopton, Mrs. T. C. Taylor, and 
Mesdames Fee, De Spain, and Fletcher. Mayor Raley 
made an address of welcome. 

The President replied : 

My Fellow-citizens Among all the surprises that have greeted us 
on our journey I do not remember any that burst upon us with 
more suddenness than this beautiful sight that you have arranged 
for our welcome here. Travelling for some hours through a 
sparsely settled region, I did not at all anticipate that so large an 
assemblage could be gathered here. I am glad to read in your 
faces a full confirmation of the Mayor's words of welcome. You 
have a pride in the common heritage of Government which our 
fathers organized for us. You honor the flag which floats about 
us here. It is pleasant to meet here, scattered over these plains of 
the West, so many veterans of the great Civil War, men who 
came out of the army poor as they went into it, men who did not 
serve their country for reward, but out of a loving fealty to its 
flag and to their Government : men who asked no questions about 
pay, but went with loyal hearts to battle, determined that the flag 



424 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

should be maintained in its supremacy from sea to sea ; men who, 
returning safely from the vicissitudes of the camp and the march 
and from the perils of battle, have been ever since giving their 
brave endeavors to open this new country, to increase its pros- 
perity, and by honorable labor to make comfortable homes for 
themselves and their children. I greet you to day, comrades, with 
a loving heart. God grant that these later days for years are 
increasing with us all may be full of sunshine, full of the respect 
of your neighbors, full of prosperity, and crowned at last with the 
full blessing of immortality. 

To these little ones now enjoying the beneficent provisions which 
your State has made for their care and education I give the most 
affectionate greeting. The children of this land are the light and 
the life of our households. They are in the family what the blos- 
soms are in the orchard and garden. May they appreciate the 
blessings they enjoy, and when they come to mature years and 
take up the unfinished labors of their fathers, may they hold aloft 
the flag which their fathers followed to battle and maintain all 
those things that conduce to decent and orderly communities and 
to the purity of the home. To these pioneers who have under dis- 
couragements and great difficulties sought these Western homes 
and opened the way for civilization I give my greeting, and to all 
I give the assurance that these distant States are not forgotten by 
us who are, for the time, chosen to administer public office at 
Washington. We take you all into our consideration, our confi- 
dence, and our affection. I believe there is a great community of 
interest that touches all our States. I believe that our legislation 
should be as broad as our territory, should not be for classes, but 
should be always in the interest of all our people. And now, thank- 
ing you for this most interesting and cordial welcome, I bid you 
good -by. [Cheers]. 



LE GRANDE, OREGON, MAY 7. 

THE President had an enthusiastic reception at Le 
Grande from several thousand residents. The city was 
beautifully illuminated in honor of the visit. The Com- 
mittee of Reception consisted of Hon. J. H. Slater, E. S. 
McComas, M. F. Honan, and R. E. Bryan. Mayor C. H. 
Finn made the welcoming address. 

The President responded ; 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 425 

My Fellow citizens It is very gratifying to see this vast assembly 
here to-night, and I regret that our arrival was not in the daylight, 
that we might have a bett iew of this city and its surroundings, 
as well as of these prosperous an-i happy people who are assembled 
here to-night. We have travelled many thousands of miles on this 
journey, and it has been one continued succession of happy greet- 
ings. We have passed through the land of flowers, and they have 
strewn our pathway with them We have come now to this north 
land where the flowers are not so abundant, but where the welcome 
and heartiness of the people is quite as manifest and quite as sin- 
cere. I rejoice to have had the opportunity to see portions of the 
State of Oregon which I had not previously visited. Your indus- 
tries and products are so varied that working together, supplying 
the wants of different communities by the productions of each, it 
must be that you shall grow in population, and that the rewards of 
your labor shall be full and rich. But above all these material 
things in which you show the country the resources of your people, 
I rejoice that social order, education, good morals, and all those 
things that tend to promote the human happiness, the peace of 
your communities, and the glory of your State, are also here 
thought of and promoted. [Cheers.] We are citizens of one great 
country, and I do not believe there is a nation in the world where 
there is a more perfect unification of heart and purpose than in the 
United States of America. I do not believe there is anywhere any 
people more earnestly in love with their institutions and with the 
flag that symbolizes them, more in love with peace and peaceful 
industries, and yet stronger in their defence of the truth and of 
the right. [Cheers. ] I beg again to thank your citizens of this 
city and of the surrounding country for this gracious and hospi- 
table welcome. [Cheers.] 



BAKER CITY, OREGON, MAY 7. 

THE closing event of the long day was the reception at 
Baker City at 11:30 P.M. Fifteen hundred people were 
present and the town was illuminated. The Reception 
Committee was Mayor S. B. McCord, Hon. R. S. Anderson, 
and Geo. H. Tracy. Joe Hooker Post, G. A. R., Fred K. 
Ernst, Commander, was present. 

Responding to Mr. Anderson's welcoming address Pres- 
ident Harrison said : 



420 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow -citizens It is very pleasing, so late at 
night, to be greeted on our arrival here by this large audience and 
by these hearty cheers. We thank you very sincerely for this evi- 
dence of your friendly interest, and beg to assure you in return 
that not only as public officers, but as citizens with you of this 
great country, we are in hearty sympathy with all your pursuits 
and plans and hopes in this distant State. I have heard before of 
its beauty and the fertility and productiveness of its wheat fields 
and of the rich mines which are found in this vicinity. Situated 
as you are, the great question with you must be one of transporta- 
tion, one of getting the products of your field, the surplus of your 
agricultural products, to a market. I hope you appreciate all the 
advantages in this regard which the development of these Pacific 
cities is giving. Every great manufacturing establishment that is 
built there produces and increases population, and makes additional 
and nearer market for the products of your fields. I hope the day 
is not far distant when the completion of the Nicaragua Canal will 
make a shorter way to the Atlantic seaboard States and much 
shorter and cheaper communication with a European market. I am 
glad to be assured indeed, I do not need the assurance that here 
in Oregon, as in the Central and Eastern States, we are one people, 
loyal and united in the love for the flag which some of these com- 
rades aided to be victorious in .the great war, and that you are 
thoroughly in love with our American institutions. I am glad to 
assure you that, so far as I am concerned, I know no sections in 
this country. I desire to promote those measures which shall 
always be for the interests of all classes, and which shall diffuse 
the benefits of our institutions equally and fairly among all the 
States and among all our people. [Cheers. ] 



BOISE CITY, IDAHO, MAY 8. 

BOISE CITY, the capital of Idaho, was reached at 7 o'clock 
the morning of the 8th, where a stop of two hours was 
made. The following committee of distinguished officials 
and citizens received the President: His Excellency Gov. 
N". B. Willey and official staff, comprising Col. E. J. Curtis, 
Col. J. A. Torrance, Lieutenant-Colonel Casswell, and 
Maj. Geo. F. Hinton; Senator Geo. L. Shoup, Hon. James 
A. Pinney, Mayor of Boise City ; R. Z. Johnson, President 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 427 

Board of Trade; John Lemp, Charles A. Clark, E. R. 
Leonard, C. W. Moore, J. W. Daniels, Calvin Cobb, A. J. 
Glorieaux, Nathan Falk, Peter Sonna, A. R. Andola, J. 
H.Richards, Hon. S. W. Moody, .Capt.C. C. Stevenson, 
and Capt. D. "W. Figgins. 

The President was escorted to the Capitol grounds by 
Phil. Sheridan Post, G. A. R., D. F. Baker Commander, 
A. C. Bellus, Senior Vice-Commander, N. F. Kimball, 
Junior Vice-Commander. The parade was in charge of 
Maj. H. E. Noyes, of the Fourth Cavalry, and was one of 
the most creditable demonstrations witnessed on the trip. 
The local militia and more than 1,000 school children par- 
ticipated. Every veteran and each scholar carried a flag, 
which elicited from President Harrison a beautiful tribute 
to the national symbol. 

After the review Governor Willey and Mayor Pinney 
formally welcomed the President, who responded as follows : 

My Friends This is instructive and inspiring to us all as Amer- 
ican citizens. It is my great pleasure to stand for a little while 
this morning in the political Capitol of this fresh and new State. 
I had great satisfaction in taking an official part in admitting 
Idaho to the Union of States. I believed that it was possessed of 
a population and resources and capable of a development that fairly 
entitled her to take her place among the States of the American 
Union. You are starting now upon a career of development which 
I hope and believe will be uninterrupted. Your great mineral 
resources, now being rapidly developed, have already brought you 
great wealth. Undoubtedly these are to continue to be a source of 
enrichment and prosperity to your State, but I do not forget that 
we must look at last for that paramount and enduring prosperity 
and increase which our States should have to a development of 
their agricultural resources. You will, of course, as you have 
done, carefully guard and secure your political institutions. You 
will organize them upon a basis of economy, and yet of liberal 
progress. You will take care that only so much revenue is taken 
from the people as is necessary to the proper public expenditure. 
[Applause. ] 

I am glad to see that this banner of liberty, this flag of our 
fathers, this flag that these my comrades here present defended 



428 HARRISONS SPEECHES. 

with honor and brought home with victory from the bloody strife 
of the Civil War, is held *n honor and estimation among you. 
[Great applause.] Every man should take off his hat when the 
starry flag moves by. It symbolizes a free republic ; it symbolizes 
a Nation ; not an aggregation of States, but one compact, solid 
Government in all its relations to the nations of the earth. [Ap- 
plause. ] Let us always hold it in honor. I am glad to see that 
it floats not only over your political Capitol, but over the school- 
houses of your State ; the children should be taught in the primary 
schools to know its story and to love it. To these young children, 
entering by the beneficent and early provision of your State into 
the advantages of that great characteristic American institution 
the common school I give my greeting this morning. May every 
good attend them in life, and as the cares of life come on to take 
the place of the joys of childhood, God grant that, instructed in 
mind and heart in those things that are high and good, they may 
bear with honor the responsibility which you will soon lay down. 

To these comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic, survivors 
of the great war, upon whom the years are making their impres- 
sion, I do not doubt that these who stand by me have borne an 
honorable part among your fellow -citizens in the development of 
the resources of this, their adopted State. Not long will we tarry ; 
but, my comrades, the story of what you have done is undying, 
and I doubt not this morning that the satisfaction of having had 
some small part in redeeming this Nation and preserving its integ- 
rity will fill your hearts with gladness, even under adverse condi- 
tions of life. A grateful Nation honors you. Every community 
should give you its respect, and I can only add to-day a comrade's 
greeting and a hearty God bless you all ! [Cheers. ] 



POCATELLO, IDAHO, MAY 8. 

A GREAT crowd, including several hundred Indians, 
greeted the President's arrival at Pocatello the night of 
uhe 8th. The Committee of Reception consisted of Fred- 
erick K. Walker, A. B. Bean, A. F. Caldwell, John S. 
Baker, O. L. Cleveland, R. J. Hayes, E. C. Hase}% George 
Dash, Frank Ramsey, J. J. Guheen, H. G. Guynn, and L. 
A. West. A large delegation from Blackfoot was repre- 
sented on the committee by Hon. F. W. Beane, Col. J. W. 
Jones, and F. W. Yogler. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 429 

Chairman Savidge of the committee delivered the wel- 
coming address and introduced the President, who said : 

Fellow -citizens In 1881, that sad summer when General Garfield 
lay so long in agony and the people suffered so long in painful sus- 
pense, I passed up the Utah and Northern Narrow Gauge Railroad 
through this place if it was a place then to Montana on a visit. 
The country through which we have passed is therefore not un- 
familiar to me. I have known of its natural conditions, and I 
have seen its capabilities when brought under the stimulating in- 
fluence of irrigation. I have had, during my term in the Senate, 
as Chairman of the Committee on Territories of that body, to give 
a good deal of attention to the condition and needs of our Terri- 
tories. My sympathy and interest have always gone out to those 
who, leaving the settled and populous parts of our country, have 
pushed the frontiers of civilization farther and farther to the west- 
ward until they have met the Pacific Ocean and the setting sun. 
Pioneers have always been enterprising people. If they had not 
been they would have remained at home ; they endured great hard- 
ships and perils in opening these great mines of minerals which 
show in your State, and in bringing into subjection these wild 
plains and making them blossom like gardens. To all such here 
I would do honor, and you should do honor, for they were heroes 
in the struggle for the subjugation of an untamed country to the 
uses of man. I am glad to see that you have here so many happy 
and prosperous people. I rejoice at the increase of your popula- 
tion, and am glad to notice that with this development in popu- 
lation and in material wealth you are giving attention to those 
social virtues to education and those influences which sanctify the 
home, make social order secure, and honor and glorify the institu- 
tions of our common country. [Cheers. ] 

I am glad, not only for the sake of the white man, but of the 
red man, that these two extensive and useless reservations are 
being reduced by allotment to the Indians for farms, which they are 
expected to cultivate and thereby to earn their own living [cheers] , 
that the unneeded lands shall furnish homes for those who need 
homes. [Cheers. ] 

And now, fellow-citizens, extending to such comrades of the 
Grand Army of the Republic as I see scattered about through this 
audience my most cordial greeting as a comrade, to these children 
and these ladies who share with you the privations of early life on 
the frontier, and to all my most cordial greeting and most sincere 
thanks for your kindly demonstration, I will bid you good-by. 
[Great cheering. ] 



430 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, MAY 9. 

AT Pocatello the President was met by a committee 
representing the citizens of Ogden, Utah, who took this 
opportunity to pay their respects, it being impracticable to 
hold a reception in that city owing to the late hour the 
train passed. The Ogden committee consisted of Mayor 
W. H. Turner and wife, Hon. James A. Miner, E. M. Alli- 
son and wife, J. R. Elliott, W. N. Shilling and wife, Capt. 
Ransford Smith, Wm. H. Smith, M. N". Graves and wife, 
Col. A. C. Howard, Rev. A. J. Bailey, E. M. Correl and 
wife, Thomas Bell, J. Cortez and wife, W. W. Funge and 
wife, O. E. Hill and wife, John K Boyle, Gilbert Belnap 
and wife, Joseph Belnap, J. S. Painter, Maj. R. H. Whip- 
pie, W. R. White, and Prof. T. B. Lewis. 

The committee appointed by Governor Thomas to meet 
and welcome the President at the State line on behalf of 
the Territory of Utah consisted of Hon. E. P. Ferry, of 
Park City; H. G. Whitney, O. J. Salisbury, and M. K. 
Parsons, of Salt Lake; Lieutenant Dunning, of Fort 
Douglas ; and Chief- Justice Zane, Associate Justice An- 
derson, Hon. C. S. Varian, Colonel Godfrey, John E. 
Dooly, Heber M. Wells, E. C. Coffin, and Spencer Clawsoii. 

The presidential party arrived at the " City of Zion" at 
2:45 A.M. At 8 o'clock they were met by Governor 
Thomas and Mayor Geo. M. Scott at the head of the 
following Citizens' Committee of Reception: Secretary 
Sells, Irving A. Benton, General Kimball, Colonel Nelson, 
Commissioner Robertson, C. C. Goodwin, Hon. J. T. Caine, 
R. C. Chambers, Fred Simon, Hoyt Sherman, Ellsworth 
Daggett, Judge Blackburn, Colonel Lett, James Hans- 
borough, Frank D. Hobbs, Judge Miner, General Connor, 
Judge Bartch, J. H. Rumel, C. E. Allen, Arthur Pratt, 
H. G. McMillan, J. P. Bache, Judge Boreman, W. H. H. 
Spafford, A. J. Pendleton, Fred Heath, W. L. Pickard, H. 
Pembroke, Daniel Wolstenholm, Councilman Armstrong, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 431 

W. P. Noble, Louis Cohn, W. P. Lynn, L. C. Karrick, E. 
R. Clute, J. B. Walden, J. M. Young, Sheriff Burt, Select- 
men Howe, Miller, and Gaboon ; C. B. Jack, W. H. Ban- 
croft, R. Mackintosh, J. H. Bennett, Robert Harkness, H. 
W. Lawrence, J. B. Toronto, and Mesdames Zane, Salis- 
bury, Dooly, Blunt, Chambers, Goodwin, James, Ander- 
son, Lawrence, Gaylord, Simon, and Bartch ; Miss Robert- 
son, Mrs. I. A. Benton, and Mrs. Hobbs. This committee 
and a large body of citizens escorted the party to the 
Walker House, where breakfast was served. The Presi- 
dent then headed a procession, composed of U. S. troops, 
State guards, G. A. R. veterans, pioneers, and many other 
local organizations, and was escorted to a pavilion in 
Liberty Park. 

Governor Thomas and Mayor Scott delivered welcoming 
addresses, to which President Harrison responded as fol- 
lows: 

Fellow -citizens The scenes which have been presented to us in 
this political and commercial metropolis of the Territory of Utah 
have been very full of beauty and full of hope. I have not seen in 
all this long journey, accompanied as it has been with every man- 
ifestation of welcome and crowned with flowers, anything that 
touched my heart more than that beautiful picture on one of your 
streets this morning w^hen the children from the free public schools 
of Salt Lake City, waving the one banner that we all love [cheers] 
and singing an anthem of praise to that beneficent Providence 
that led our worthy forefathers to land and has followed the path- 
way of this Nation with His beneficent care until this bright hour, 
gave us their glad welcome. [Applause and cheers. ] 

My service in public life has been such as to call my special at- 
tention to, and to enlist my special interest in, the people of the 
Territories. It has been a pleasant duty to welcome the Dakotas, 
Washington, Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming into the great sister- 
hood of the States. I think it has not fallen to any President of 
the United States to receive into the Union so large a number of 
States. The conditions that surround you in this Territory are of 
the most hopeful character. The diversity of your productions, 
your mines of gold and silver, iron, lead and coal, placed in such 
proximity as to make the work of mining and reduction easy and 



432 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

economical ; your well -watered valley, capable, under the skilful 
touch of the husbandman, of transformation from barren wastes 
into fruitful fields all these lying in easy reach and intercommu- 
nication, one with the other, must make the elements of a great 
commercial and political community. You do not need to doubt 
the future. You will step forward confidently and progressively 
in the development of your great material wealth. 

The great characteristic of our American institutions the com- 
pact of our Government is that the will of the majority, expressed 
by legal methods at the ballot-box, shall be the supreme law of all 
our community. To the Territories of the United States a measure 
of local government has always been given, but the supervisory 
control, the supreme legislative and executive power has been, 
continuously, as to the Territories, held and exercised by the gen- 
eral Government at Washington. The territorial state has always 
been regarded as a temporary one. The general Government has 
always looked forward to a division of its vast domain first, the 
territory northwest of the Ohio, then the Louisiana purchase, then 
these accessions upon the Pacific coast into suitable sections for 
the establishment of free and independent States. This great work 
of creating States has gone forward from the Ohio to the Pacific, 
and now we may journey from Maine to Puget Sound through 
established States. [Cheers.] 

The purity of the ballot box, the wise provisions and careful 
guardianship that shall always make the expression of the will of 
the people fair, pure and true, is the essential thing in American 
life. We are a people organized upon principles of liberty, but, 
my good countrymen, it is not license. It is liberty within and 
under the law. [Great applause.] I have no discord, as a public 
officer, with men of any creed or politics if they will obey the law. 
My oath of office, my public duty, requires me to be against those 
who violate the law. 

The foundation of American life is the American home. That 
which distinguishes us from other nations whose political experi- 
ence and history have been full of strife and discord is the Ameri- 
can home, where one wife sits in single uncrowned glory. [Great 
applause and cheers.] And now, my countrymen, I beg to assure 
you that every hope you have for safe running on these lines of 
free government, on these lines of domestic and social order, I 
have. For every one of you I have the most cordial greeting. 
God bless and keep you and guide you in the paths of social purity, 
order, and peace, and make you one of the great communities of the 
American Union. [Cheers.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 43 

Chamber of Commerce Speech. 

The visitors were then taken to the new Chamber of 
Commerce, where the business men of the city greeted the 
Chief Executive. The occasion was also the formal open- 
ing of the building for business. 

President Harrison made an address. He said : 
I am very glad to witness in this magnificent structure which 
you are opening to-day for your use an evidence of the commercial 
importance of the city. Organizations of this character are very 
useful when rightly conducted, very promotive of the business 
prosperity of the cities in which they are established, and of the 
best interest of their membership. It is quite right that those who 
may be engaged in the rivalries of business, pushing their several 
lines of trade with the energy and enterprise that characterize our 
people, should now and then assemble and lay aside things that 
are personal and selfish and consider the things that affect the 
whole community. These organizations, as I have known them in 
other States, have been the council chamber in which large and 
liberal things have been devised for the development of the inter- 
ests and prosperity of the community. I do not doubt that you 
will do so here ; that new enterprise will be welcomed, and that 
the friendly business hand will be extended to those who are seek- 
ing investments. I wish you all success in this enterprise, and I 
hope you may grow until its membership shall embrace all of your 
commercial classes, and that its influence may do for your business 
here what the water of your mountain streams has done for the 
plains make them grow longer and more productive, and at the 
same time expel from them those mean jealousies which sometimes 
divide men. [Prolonged Cheers. ] 

Address to the School Children. 

The party visited the Mormon Tabernacle, which was 
profusely decorated with bunting and flags. On the side 
af the Temple in large letters was the motto " Fear God ; 
Honor the President." The entire city was tastefully 
decorated. The President reviewed the school children, 
about 2,000 in number. They rendered patriotic songs, 
and he addressed them in the following happy speech : 

To the School Children In all this joyous journey through this 

land of flowers and the sunny South I have seen nothing more 
S8 



434 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

beautiful and inspiring than this scene which burst upon us so 
unexpectedly This multitude of children bearing waving banners 
makes a scene which can never fade from our memories. Here, 
in these children from the free schools established and guarded by 
your public authorities, is the hope of Utah and the country. 
[Cheers.] I give you my thanks for a demonstration that has 
cheered my heart. May each of you enjoy every blessing that a 
free country and a more beneficent and kindly Creator can bestow. 
[Cheers.] 



LEHI CITY, UTAH, MAY 9 

THE first stop after leaving the capital of Utah was at 
Lehi City, where a large sugar factory is located. The 
Committee of Reception consisted of Mayor A. J. Evans, 
Bishop T. R. Cutler, James Harwood, and C. A. Granger. 

The President made a brief address, saying : 

My Friends This industry which you have established here is 
very interesting to me. I hope it is to open the way to a time 
when we shall have a home supply of sugar for every household. 
[Cheers. ] 



PROVO CITY, UTAH, MAY 9. 

THE presidential train arrived at Provo the Garden 
City of Utah at 1 : 30 P.M. The greeting was a cordial 
one; about 1,000 school children were present. The Re- 
ception Committee was Mayor J. E. Booth, R. H. Dodd, 
J. R. Bishop, J. B. McCauslin, M. M. Kellogg, W. S. 
Myton, E. A. Wilson, Wm. H. King, D. D. Houtz, Dr. J. 
N. Christensen, Dr. H. Simmons, F. F. Reed, G. W. Olger, 
and W. Burlew. 

Mayor Booth introduced the President, who spoke as 
follows : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow-citizens This is another of those bright 
and beautiful pictures that have been spread before our eyes on 
this whole journey from Washington. I am glad to stop for a 
moment in this enterprising and prosperous city. I am glad to 
know that you are adding manufacturing to your agriculture, and 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 435 

that you are weaving some of the abundance of wool that is fur- 
nished by your flocks. It is the perfection of society, commer- 
cially, when you find immediately at your own doors a market for 
those things that you have to sell. You are a long way from the 
seaboard. The transportation companies, however fair their rates 
may be, must levy very heavy tolls upon your produce for taking 
it to the Atlantic or to the Pacific. It is then a pleasing thing 
when, instead of sending your wool to some distant city to be 
woven into cloth, you can do that work yourselves as you develop, 
bringing in these manufacturing industries whose employees con- 
sume the products of your farm and in turn give to the farmer that 
which he and his children have to wear. You are approaching 
the most independent commercial condition. When every farmer 
is able to sell from his own wagon everything he produces and is 
emancipated from transportation tolls, he is independent and pros- 
perous. 

I am glad to see these dear children here coming from the 
free schools of your city. The public school is a most whole- 
some and hopeful institution. It has an assimilative power pos- 
sessed by no other institution in our country. Where the children 
of rich and poor mingle together on the play ground and in the 
school-room, there is produced a unity of feeling and a popular 
love for public institutions that can be brought about in no other 
way. [Cheers. ] God bless and promote your public schools until 
every child in your Territory shall be gathered into them. [Cheers. ] 



AMERICAN FORK, UTAH, MAY 9. 

EARLY in the afternoon a brief stop was made at Amer- 
ican Fork, where several hundred children were mar- 
shalled under Bishop George Halliday (Mormon) and Rev. 
F. G. Webster. The Reception Committee consisted of 
Mayor George Cunningham, James Chipman, John J. 
Gushing, and John F. Pribyl. 

The President, addressing the school children, said : 
I want to express my interest in these dear children who have 
gathered here. It is very pleasant to have at all these little sta- 
tions these expressions of your good-will. I rejoice to see the 
development which has taken place in these regions since I was 
here a few years ago, and I have no doubt that it will go on until 
all your valleys are prosperous and full of happy homes. [Cheers. ] 



430 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



SPRINGVILLE, UTAH, MAY 9. 

As the presidential train reached Castle Gate, a mining 
town on the summit of the Wahsatch Mountains, the peo- 
ple turned out en masse. A salute was fired with dyna- 
mite cartridges. The President briefly thanked the people 
for their greeting. 

At Springville, the last stopping-point in Utah, the 
committee that welcomed the President consisted of Don 
C. Johnson, Joseph M. Westwood, H. M. Dougall, R. A. 
Deal, and Anthony Ethier. 

Governor Thomas introduced President Harrison, who 
said: 

My Friends Your towns in Utah are very close together. I 
scarcely close an address at one before we are in the corporate 
limits of another ; but I am glad to receive here this pleasant wel- 
come. The evidence of kindliness which I read in all your faces 
is very reassuring and very comforting. It is delightful, I think, 
to those who are charged with public duties to come now and then 
and look into the faces of the people who have no other interest 
than that the Government shall be well administered. [Cheers.] 
I cannot hope, of course, to give a post office to everybody. I have 
endeavored in the selection of those who are to administer the 
functions of public office for the general Government to secure 
good men. I have desired that everywhere they should understand 
that they were the servants of the people [applause], that they 
were to give the best public service possible, and that they were to 
treat everybody alike. 

It has been very pleasant to-day to ride through this most ex- 
traordinary valley, and to notice how productive your fields are 
and how genial and kindly your people are. [Cheers. ] 

I am to do whatever I can in public office to serve our people. 
I am glad to contribute whatever I can as a citizen to the general 
prosperity and to the glory and dignity of our country. [Cheers. ] 

And now one word or two to these few comrades who gather 
about me. They are not many, but they are entitled to honor. 
Those who struggled in the early years to establish homes in the 
West, and those who in the hour of public distress and peril bared 
their breasts to the shaft of battle that the Nation might live, are 
worthy of the highest regard. [Cheers. ] You have entered into 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 437 

the heritage which they bought and preserved. May you, with as 
true, loyal hearts as they, preserve and hand down to your children 
these institutions. [Cheers. ] 



GLENWOOD SPRINGS, COLORADO, MAY 10. 

AT an early hour Sunday morning, May 10, the presi- 
dential party arrived at Glenwood Springs, where they 
were met by the Governor of Colorado, Hon. J. L. Routt, 
Chief -Justice J. C. Helm, Hon. N. P. Hill, ex-Senator H. 
A. W. Tabor, and Congressman Townsend, from Denver. 
At 8 o'clock the Hon. J. L. Hodges, Mayor of the city, with 
Judge G. D. Thayer, L. Schwarz, C. W. Darrow, J. H. 
Fesler, F. Mager, and M. W. Mather, escorted the party to 
the Hotel Glenwood, where they passed the day. The 
President and Postmaster-General Wanamaker attended 
divine services at the Presbyterian Church. The pastor, 
Rev. W. S. Rudolph, was assisted by Rev. A. E. Arm- 
strong, of Leadville, and Rev. L. N. Haskell, of Denver, 
Chaplain of the State Senate. The city was filled with 
thousands of visitors from Aspen and other neighboring 
mining towns and camps until over 10,000 people were 
gathered notwithstanding it was the Sabbath to greet 
the Chief Magistrate of the Nation. 

When the President returned from witnessing several 
members of his party enjoy a dip in the mammoth pool he 
was met by Mayor Hodges at the head of the following 
Reception Committee of prominent citizens : Joseph Love, 

A. W. Dennis, Reed Burritt, F. C. Ewing, F. S. Dart, 
F. C. Sohram, H. C. Eaton, J. R. De Remer, Alex. Ander- 
son, A. W. Dennis, Miles Standish, J. L. Hays, W. H. 
Hallett, H. R. Kamm, J. T. McLean, W. H. Bradt, J. 
R. Wallingford, J. G. Pease, Paul Blount, J. H. Campbell, 
C. B. Ellis, B. T. Napier, Thomas Kendrick, E. T. Wolver- 
ton, Fred Korupkat, C. A. Lee, Dr. G. H. Moulton, M. V. 

B. Blood, James Leach, P. F. Carr, George Edinger, W. 



438 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

H. Spear, Joseph Enzensperger, C. M. Keck, J. W. Bea- 
inan, J. M. Stevens, R. O. Hoover, E. Schuster, J. W. 
Ross, William Chrisman, G. H. Ferris, F. A. Enoch, 
Frank Lindsley, Frank Kaiser, J. A. I. Claudon, F. A. 
Barlow, Ed. B. Everett, N. Falk, H. C. Bunte, H. W. 
Ennen, William Dougan, Dr. L. G. Clark, James Ander- 
son, Chris. Beck, J. S. Swan, H. J. Holmes, James Cough- 
lin, S. H. Wood, John Miller, N. S. Henderson, J. M. 
Durand, Jr., Matt. Carroll, John Lynch, W. H. Trumbor, 
S. W. Nott, B. Hopkins, William Houston, C. V. Noble, 
C. M. Kiggins, Dr. E. A. Bryant, J. N. Bishop, William 
Denning, A. Miller, J. H. Connor, C. H. Belding, William 
Dinkle, C. L. Todd, George Yule, C. A. Hahn, H. H. Gates, 
James Soister, C. C. Hendrie, P. R. Morris, J. L. Noonan, 
Fred L. Walthers, T. W^. Thomas, C. C. Parks, J. T. 
Shumate, Wm. Gelder, M. J. Bartley, A. E. Bartlett, John 
McReavy, W. S. Parkinson, Frank Dallis, E. H. Watson, 
J. H. Bixby, Jake Kline, M. M. Cantrell, J. H. Pierce, C. 
C. Streeter, E. T. Taylor, John Eitel, P. C. Coryell, Frank 
Mason, Fred Korn, W. H. Richardson, H. C. Babize, 
George Bennett, Frank Lyle, J. F. Myser, R. Stees, J. 
W. Ritter, R. P. Mallaby, W. De Long, L. F. Grace, Ed. 
Meachem, Andrew Anderson, Joe Keating, W. H. Sikes, 
W. L. W^illoughby, T. R. Williams, J. W. Dollison, Alex. 
Voorhees, Theo. Rosenberg, H. T. Sale, S. J. De Lan, 
William Cardnell, G. B. Garrison, R. M. Hedden, P. H. 
Fitzpatrick, C. W. Durand, Kellie Cookson, Albert Ger- 
stle, F. P. Monroe, William Shaw, C. J. Feist, E. E. 
Knight, George Phillips, Ed. S. Hughes, D. W. Smart, P. 
G. Foote, W. T. Beans, C. Poole, J. H. Mager, W. J. 
Brennan, Murdo McLeod, J. E. Chaney, A. W. Maxfield, 
William Smith, A. M. Stevenson, C. B. Brown, M. N. Ed- 
wards, and Harry Van Sickle. 

The Mayor made the welcoming address and presented 
the President with a solid silver plate, superbly engraved 
with the coat-of-arms of Colorado. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 489 

President Harrison replied : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow-citizens In arranging the programme of 
this trip, and desiring to find one day in the seven for rest, we 
selected this spot because of its fame throughout the East as one of 
delightful location and natural attractions. I am glad this selec- 
tion was made. It has given me much pleasure the beauty of 
your surroundings and especially the picturesque attractiveness 
and magnificence of the scenery. . The city which you are launch- 
ing forth upon the tide of usefulness and prosperity will grow in 
fame. I thank you most cordially for this souvenir, and I leave 
with you my most earnest hope for the prosperity of the city. 

Senator Tabor introduced a delegation from Aspen repre- 
senting 1,000 miners from that famous camp. Col. E. F. 
Browne then presented a most unique souvenir a silver 
card bearing mottoes worked in native wire silver. 

In accepting this rare token the President said : 

This is one of the most beautiful of all the souvenirs that have 
been presented me on this trip. I wish to say to you that I do not 
regard your visit as an intrusion. I will not undertake to dilate 
upon the fatigue of this trip. I have been leaning over the hind 
rail of the train for a long time, and I came to Glenwood Springs 
tired. I wish to remain quiet, not from any puritanical notion of 
the Sabbath, and I hope none of you will feel that way. It is not 
because I don't want to see you. It is the contrary, I assure you, 
and I regret my inability to give you all a public reception. 

I have for Aspen and her people the kindest wishes. As for the 
State of Colorado, it will grow more vigorous and richer in all that 
makes an American commonwealth. 

In common with Western States, Colorado has had the pick of 
the people of the Eastern States. It seems to me as though her 
citizens had passed competitive examination for push and enter- 
prise, and only the worthless were turned back at the ferry. I 
thank you for your liberality. 

Charles R. Bell, of Aspen, State President Patriotic Or- 
der Sons of America, presented the President with an ad- 
dress. In the afternoon President Harrison and Mr. 
Wanamaker attended union services and children's mass- 
meeting at Durand's Hall. Rev. H. M. Law presided, but 
Mayor Hodges introduced the President, who said : 



440 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Mr. Mayor, Fellow-citizens and Children Our stop at Glenwood 
Springs was, as you all know, intended to be for rest ; and yet I 
have not felt that I could deny myself to this large body of friends 
assembled from the homes of this city, and, perhaps, to an even 
larger body of friends who have come from some of the neighboring 
towns to pay their respects and testify their good-will. The trip 
we have been making has been a prolonged one, and it has been a 
continued experience of speech- making and hand-shaking. The 
physical labor has been very great, and I think if one had been 
called upon to do the same amount of work without the stimulus 
and inspiration which have come from the happy faces and kind 
hearts of the people who have greeted us, almost any man would 
have given out. Certainly I would had I not been borne up and 
helped by the wonderful kindness of our people. 

I have been intensely interested in what I have seen. It has 
testified to me of the unity of the people East and West. Out here 
you take on some peculiarities as we do in Indiana, but underneath 
these peculiarities there is the same true American grit and spirit. 
[Applause. ] It is not wonderful that this should be so. It is not 
a mere likeness between different people, because you are precisely 
the same people that I have known in the Central and Eastern 
States. Everywhere I have gone I have seen Hoosiers ; everywhere 
Mr. Wanamaker has gone he has seen Pennsylvanians ; everywhere 
General Rusk has gone Wisconsin hands have been reached up to 
him. These new States have been filled up by the enterprising 
and pushing young men of the older States. They have set out to 
find here greater advantages, more rapid pathways to wealth and 
competence. Many of them have found it, many of them are still 
perhaps in the hard struggle of life ; but to you all, to every man, 
whether he is mine-ow T ner or handles the pick, I bring you my 
warmest sympathy and my most sincere thanks for your friendly 
greeting. [Applause. ] 

Our Government was instituted by wise men men of broad 
views. It was based upon the idea of the equal rights of men. It 
absolutely rejects the idea of class distinction and insists that men 
should be judged by their behavior. That is a good rule ; those 
who are law-abiding and well-disposed, those who pursue their 
vocations lawfully and with due respect to the rights of others, are 
the true American citizens. I am glad to know that the love of 
our institutions is so deeply imbedded in your hearts. It has been 
a most delightful and cheering thing to see that the starry banner, 
the same old flag that some of you carried amid the smoke of 
battle, the rattle of musketry, booming of cannon, and the dying 



HARRISONS SPEECHES. 441 

of men, is in the hands of such children. [Applause.] Some of 
the prettiest as well as some of the most hopeful sights we have 
looked upon have been these companies of children gathered on 
the streets or hill-sides waving this banner. 

The American institutions deserve our watchful care. All our 
communities should be careful in the beginning to establish law 
and maintain it. It is very difficult when lawlessness once obtains 
the upper hand to put it down. It is very easy to keep it out of 
any community if the well-disposed, true-hearted people will sink 
all their differences, religious and political, and stand together as 
citizens for the good of their municipalities. [Applause.] 

I want to thank the children who have gathered for this Sabbath- 
day's observance. I have had a life that has been full of labor. 
From my early manhood until this hour my time has had many 
demands upon it. I have been under the pressure of the practice 
of my profession. I 'have been under the pressure of political 
campaigns and of public office, and yet in all these pursuits, and 
under all these conditions, I have found, simply as a physical 
question, without reference to its religious aspects at all, that I 
could do more by working six days than seven. 

I think you will all find it so, and that as a civil institution rest 
on the Sabbath day is good for man. It is not only good, but it is 
the right of the workingman. Men should have one free day in 
which to think of their families, of themselves, of things that are 
not material, but are spiritual. [Applause.] 

I desire to express from a sincere and earnest heart my thanks 
to you all for all your kindness, giving you in return simply the 
pledge that I will in all things keep in mind what seems to me to 
be the true interests of our people. I have no thought of sections, 
I have no thought upon any of the great public questions that does 
not embrace the rights and interests of all our people and all our 
States. I believe we shall find a common interest and safe ground 
upon all the great questions, and by moderating our own views 
and making reasonable and just concessions we shall find them all 
settled wisely and in the true interest of the people. [Applause. ] 



442 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



LEADVILLE, COLORADO, MAY 11. 

LEADVILLE, the Cloud City, was reached at 7:30 A.M. 
Monday. Ten thousand citizens greeted the Chief Mag- 
istrate at this greatest of silver camps. The following 
delegation met the presidential party at Glen wood and 
escorted them to Leadville : His Honor Mayor John E. 
Foutz, Hon. H. I. Higgins, W. Arens, John Harvey, A. 
Sherwin, A. V. Hunter, S. F. Maltby, John Ewing, John 
Williams, W. F. Patrick, H. C. Burnett, Rev. A. E. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Foutz, Mrs. Hunter, Mrs. Morgan H. 
Williams, and Mrs. E. Forbes. The ladies of this com- 
mittee presented Mrs. Harrison with numerous beautiful 
silver souvenirs. 

Chairman Higgins and the following members of the 
Reception Committee escorted the party to the Hotel Kit- 
chen : Mrs. W. F. Patrick, W. W. Old, Mrs. J. Y. Oliver, 
A. A. Blow, Mrs. H. W. Hardinge, Charles Cavender, 
Rev. E. S. Ralston, B. S. Buell, Samuel Brown, A. Sher- 
win, Robert Estey, H. R. Pendery, Charles L. Hill, J. S. 
Jones, Robert Cary, Geo. W. Trimble, C. P. Schumacher, 
J. S. Saunders, John Harvey, J. H. Weddle, John Row- 
land, W. F. Patrick, Hon. Wm. Kellogg, Frank G. White, 
John F. Champion, James Smith, Moses Londoner, J. J. 
M. McRobbie, Maj. A. V. Bohn, and John Lumsden. The 
veterans of Garfield Post, G. A. R., composed the guard 
of honor. Judge Luther M. Goddard made the welcoming 
address, and in the name of the city presented the distin- 
guished visitor a silver brick. 

The President responded as follows : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow -citizens This rare, pure atmosphere, this 
bright sunshine, the national colors, this multitude of lifted, smil- 
ing faces to greet us is a scene that should raise the dullest heart 
to emotions of thankfulness and pride pride wholly separated from 
personal considerations , a pride in which everything personal is 
swallowed up by the contemplation that all this is the outcome, 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 443 

the manifestation, the culmination of free American institutions. 
[Cheers.] We stand here on this mountain-top and see what I 
think is the highest evidence of American pluck to be found in 
the United States. [Laughter and applause.] I have addressed 
my fellow-citizens on many thousands of occasions, but never 
before stood so near the dome. [Cheers.] It is a wonderful testi- 
mony to the energy and adaptation of the American that he should 
have pushed his way to this high altitude, above the snow-line, 
and erected here these magnificent and extensive industries and 
these beautiful and happy homes. I rejoice with you in all that 
has been accomplished here. 

I bring thanks to you for that great contribution you have made 
to the wealth of a country we all love. [Cheers. ] I bring to you 
the assurance that as an individual citizen and as a public officer 
my interest, my affection, and my duty embrace all the people of 
this land. [Cries of "Good !" and cheers.] 

I am glad to know we have in the past histoiy of our country 
found that happy unity of interest which has acted beneficially 
upon all our institutions and all our people. With due regard to 
all local interests, we should seek that general legislation which 
touches with kindly fingers the humblest homes in our land. I do 
most sincerely thank you for this token of the product of your 
mines. It is a precious metal, but much more precious to me is 
the kindly thought and the generous welcome which you have 
given us in Leadville. [Cheers. ] 

My lungs are unaccustomed to this rare and stimulating atmos- 
phere, and you will permit me to close by giving you all, to the 
men who, deep down in these mines, are toilsomely working out 
the precious metal, to those who welcome you in your homes when 
you return from your toil, the wives and children who add grace 
and sweetness to our lives, to these children who have gathered 
to greet us, a most cordial salutation and a regretful good -by. 
[Cheers. ] 



444 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 



BUENA VISTA, COLORADO, MAY 11. 

BUENA VISTA gave the President a cordial greeting. 
The Committee of Reception included Mayor Mason, Hon. 
A. R. Kenedy, Capt. A. V. P. Day, A. H. Wade, Col. 
Henry Logan, J. C. Stuart, and A. C. Bottorff. Phil. Sher- 
idan Post, G. A. R., Col. G. D. Childs Commander, partic- 
ipated in the reception. Dr. Struthers and W. W. Fay 
presented the President with three fine trout caught in 
Thompson's Lake, and weighing six pounds each. 

President Harrison said : 

My Friends I am very glad to see your bright and kind faces 
this morning, and to tarry for a few moments, just long enough to 
say "How do you do?" and "Good-by." It is very pleasant to find 
everywhere and at every station the same friendly looks and the 
same kindly greeting. I am glad to have an opportunity that I 
have not previously had of seeing the State of Colorado, great in 
her present condition and having a greater future development 
than perhaps you yourselves realize. This combination of agri- 
cultural and mining industries can work but good for the high 
development of Colorado. Your cattle and your sheep and your 
mines and your agriculture in your valleys all produce that ideal 
condition of things in which you find a nearer market for what 
you raise. I hope the time will come when in addition to smelting 
furnaces in your mines you will learn to weave the wool from your 
sheep in place of sending it abroad to be made into clothing. The 
more you can develop these things and do your own work the 
more prosperous will be your condition. These dear children have 
cheered me heartily all the way on this journey. The public 
schools are worthy of your most thoughtful care. It is there that 
the children meet on a common ground. It is there class distinc- 
tions are wiped out. It is the great American institution. You 
have well named your little hamlet Buena Vista. [Cheers.] 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 445 



SALIDA, COLORADO, MAY 11. 

THREE thousand people from the surrounding district 
welcomed the President at Salida. The Reception Com- 
mittee consisted of Mayor John G. Hollenbeck, J. H. Stead, 
S. M. Jackson, W. W. Roller, J. A. Israel, E. B. Jones, and 
W. P. Harbottle. Stanton Post, G. A. R., W. G. West- 
fall Commander, and the children of the public schools 
were present. Miss Clara Ayers, on behalf of the public 
schools, presented Mrs. Harrison with a handsome portfolio 
of Colorado wild flowers prepared by Mrs. E. P. Chester. 
Dr. Durbin, on behalf of the citizens of Villa Grove, pre- 
sented a fine collection of mineral specimens. 

President Harrison spoke as follows : 

I have looked with great interest, in passing through these moun- 
tain gorges, at the enterprise of the people who have constructed 
intersecting lines of railroad upon these difficult grades and through 
threatening canons. It has not been many days since such feats of 
engineering would have been regarded as impossible, and yet now 
railroads have touched the highest points, have gone above the 
snow line, have reached elevated mines, and brought isolated val- 
leys into rapid and easy communication with the more settled parts 
of the country. It has given me great pleasure to look upon the 
beautiful valley in which the town of Salida is situated, and which 
will undoubtedly be capable of large agricultural production when 
a system of irrigation is completed. It might be desirable to the 
people of Indiana and Illinois and other agricultural States if Col- 
orado had to buy her wheat and corn from them, but our larger 
interest makes it desirable that every community should supply its 
own wants. I anticipate with pleasure the day when these moun- 
tain States will not be content with mining, but shall add agricult- 
ural pursuits and manufacturing, and when the wool which is 
sheared from the flocks will be woven at home. [Cheers. ] 

It is a pleasant condition of things when all classes are prosper- 
ous, when the workingman has fair wages that leave him some 
margin above his daily necessities. I should lose hope for our 
institutions when there should be despairing- classes among us. An 
American citizen could not be a good citizen who did not have 
hope in his heart. Every boy, however humble, can pass through 



446 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

our public schools and climb to any position of usefulness and 
honor he has the ability to attain. There have been marvellous 
instances of what courage and pluck and intelligence may do in 
this way. 

To the children I give a cordial greeting. They have been a 
happy feature of almost every gathering in the journey. I hope 
they may all receive that attention which will make them men and 
women of intelligence, and capable of taking a full share in all 
these good things in the community and in the State, for which 
they are to be responsible. [Cheers.] 



CANON CITY, COLORADO, MAY 11. 

LEAVING Salida the route lay through a stretch of coun- 
try unsurpassed in grandeur. The trai^ made a short 
stop on the hanging bridge over the Arkansas River in the 
Grand Canon. Emerging through the Royal Gorge the 
party reached Canon City at 2 P.M. amid the cheers of 
its entire population, including 400 school children. Mayor 
J. M. Bradbury, T. M. Harding, A. D. Cooper, and War- 
den W. A. Smith were among the prominent residents who 
welcomed the President ; also, Greenwood Post, G. A. R. , 
Dr. J. L. Prentiss, Commander. 

President Harrison spoke as follows : 

Comrades and Fellow -citizens It gives me great pleasure to see 
you and accept with a thankful heart those cordial greetings with 
which you have met us. I have been talking so much since I left 
Washington that I really am almost talked out ; and yet, until I 
shall have altogether lost my voice, of which there does not seem 
to be any prospect, I cannot refrain from saying thank you to 
those friends who greet us with such affectionate interest. We do 
appreciate it very highly. But I do not at all assume it is merely 
your interest in me. It is, I am sure, your interest in the country, 
in its Constitution, and in its flag the flag for which these com- 
rades fought, which they carried through the stress of battle and 
brought home in honor. It is our free institutions, our free ballot, 
our representative Government, that you all honor in coming here 
to day. It is very surprising and very pleasant to drop down out 
of these snow -clad summits and to have passed into our hands in 
the valley, branches of peach and pear and bouquets of flowers, the 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 447 

first fruits of spring a spring more genial here than it seemed 
at Leadville this morning. [Applause. J I am very glad to have 
revealed to me the possibilities of this country, and to see how, 
under the system of irrigation, that which seemed to be a waste 
accursed of God comes to be a very garden of Eden in beauty and 
productiveness. I hope you have not only the fruits and flowers 
of paradise, but that you have in your homes that state of peace 
and blessedness which prevailed before our first mother took the 
apple. [Applause.] To these comrades I want to give a comrade's 
greeting. I know of no higher honor in- this world than to be 
called "comrade" by the survivors of those who saved the Union. 
[Applause. J 



FLORENCE, COLORADO, MAY 11. 

THE next stop was at Florence, in the oil district, whose 
citizens gave the President a most cordial greeting. The 
Reception Committee comprised Mayor Isaac Canfield, 
Senator J. A. McCandless, J. F. Collins, J. H. McDaniel, 
Thomas Robinson, Thomas E. Spencer, Richard McDonald, 
W. J. Daniels, and Joseph Patterson. An enthusiastic 
citizen proposed three cheers " for the first President who 
has thought enough of us to come and see us." They were 
given with a will, and the President responded as follows : 

My Fellow citizens I am very much obliged to you for this 
greeting. I expect there have been other Presidents who thought 
of you, though they have not visited you. This has been a very 
pleasant and instructive journey to me. I thought 1 had kept 
myself reasonably well informed of the capabilities of this country 
and of its productions, but I am amazed to find how things are 
put together. We come out of the snow where everything is barren 
and where labor is under ground, where the precious metals are 
being extracted, and there is nothing pleasant in the landscape 
except the snow covered mountains, and presently we are into a 
land of fruit, and have handed up to us great branches laden with 
well-set peach and pear, and are showered again, as we were in 
California, with the flowers of the early spring, and now, to my 
surprise, we seem to be in the oil region of Pennsylvania. These 
numerous derricks and oil lodes remind us of things about Oil 
Citv. Until I saw them 1 was not aware that von had here in 



448 HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 

Colorado oil production. It shows us how impartial, after all, the 
great Creator has been. He has given us everywhere possibilities 
which, if well improved, will make comfortable, happy homes. 
You have the metals, precious and common, and the coal that is 
needed for the smelter ; oil to light your homes and lubricate your 
machinery, and these orchards and beautiful valleys, all in the 
right proximity, No man could have improved upon it. [Ap- 
plause.] Our Government intends to have a careful and impartial 
consideration of all its people. We do not recognize classes or 
distinctions. We want everybody to be prosperous and happy, 
especially the working people. [Cheers. ] 

I do not know how our institutions could endure unless we so 
conduct our public affairs and society that every man who is sober 
and industrious shall be able to make a good, comfortable living 
and lay something aside for old age or for evil days ; to have hope 
in his heart and better prospects for his children. That is the 
strength of American institutions. Whatever promotes that I 
want to favor. Whatever tends to pauperize our people or impair 
the earning power of the laboring class I do not favor. [Cheers. ] 



PUEBLO, COLORADO, MAY 11. 

AN artillery salute welcomed the party to Pueblo at 3 : 30 
P.M. Mayor W. B. Hamilton, Col. M. H. Fitch, D.W. 
Barkley, Hon. I. W. Stanton, A. McClelland, and O. H. 
P. Baxter comprised the committee that escorted the Pres- 
ident from Glenwood Springs. Arrived at the station the 
Chief Executive was conveyed to the Court House Square 
by the following Committee of Reception : E. C. Lyman, 
Paul Wilson, Benjamin Guggenheim, D. L. Holden, E. 
R. Chew, Fred Betts, N. O. McClees, W. A. Moses, F. E. 
Baldwin, A. S. Dwight, J. R. Flickenger, R. M. Steven- 
son, W. B. McKinney, John Lockin, E. C. Billings, A. 
F. Ely, W. B. Palmer, J. S. Johnston, N. E. Guyot, M. 
Studzinski, G. T. Nash, J. W. Purdy, P. F. Sharp, S. A. 
Abbey, E. H. Martin, K S. Walpole, T. J. Cribbs, J. G. 
Keller, and C. C. Games. Upton Post, G. A. R., C. J. 
Long Commander, and many other organizations partici- 
pated in the parade. 



HARRISON'S SPEECHES. 449 

At the Court House Square 6,000 children greeted the 
President, who was introduced by Dr. William A. Olmsted 
and said : 

Children of the Public Schools and Others I am glad to meet 
such an immense number here, and I can't allow this opportunity 
to pass without expressing to you my thanks for this whole souled 
reception. It moves rny heart to say that from your appearances 
you are well taught, not only in manners but in your intellectual 
pursuits ; your bright, ruddy faces show health, and as you are 
living in this healthful place it speaks marvels for Pueblo, The 
country need fear no attack from foreign foes when such an army 
as you'll some day make would be called into action. You have 
your destiny all before you, and no one can tell but that some of 
these boys may be a President and these beautiful girls advise 
those who are born to fill high places in the Government. Chil- 
dren, I am pleased to see you, and will hold in dear remembrance 
this, my first visit to Pueblo a city full of American genius and 
enterprise, which will hold its own and keep on apace with that 
progress characteristic of Americans. God bless you all. [Cheers. ] 

As Mrs. Harrison's carriage drew up the school children 
presented her with a handsome painting the " Colorado 
Columbine." The President then visited the Colorado 
Mineral Palace, where President L. S. McLain and Sec- 
retary Livezey of the Exposition presented him with spec- 
imens of rich ore. 

Colonel Stanton made the welcoming address and intro- 
duced President Harrison to the great assemblage, who 
responded as follows : 

Mr. Mayor and Fellow -citizens The brief time which we are 
able in this hasty journey to allot to the city of Pueblo has now 
almost expired. It has given me pleasure to drive through the 
streets of this prosperous and enterprising municipality and to see 
that you are concentrating great business interests which must in 
the future make you a very important centre in this great State. 
You have in this State a variety of resources unexcelled, I think, 
by any other State. Your attention was very naturally first directed 
toward th