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Full text of "Spiers and Surenne's French and English pronouncing dictionary. Newly composed from the French dictionaries of the French Academy, Laveaux, Bescherelle, Landais, and from the English dictionaries of Johnson, Webster, Worcester, Richardson"

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I All the words of both languages now in use, as well as those, now obsolete, but employed by the 
earlier classic writei-s ; 2, The principal terms connected with navigation and military tactics, the 
sciences, the arts, manufactures and trade, especially those contained in the Dictionary of the French 
Academy ; 3. The compounds of words that most frequently occur, particularly such as are not 
literally translated ; 4. The various equivalents of the words in theii- logical order, separated by 
numbei-s; 5. Short sentences and expressions illustrating such acceptations ns present any difficulty to 
tiifc sluoent ; 6. Tlie modifications whicli the meanings of words undergo, on the addition of adjective^ 
prepositions, adverbs, etc. ; 7. The principal idioms and familiar phrases; 8. The prepositions useil 
after verbs, adjectives, etc. ; 9. The irregularities of verbs, of adjectives, of tlie plurals of nouns, 
Mo, : 10. Signs distinguishing between the literal and figurative use of words, showing whether 
Uiey are antiquated or rarely employed, and the style to which they belong : 




rw.>rBB6os OF ESGuan at the natioxai, colleor op bo:iapaetb (?aei8) and tkb national scnooL of civil kkgineeki<, era 



iuotjonary; together with the irregular parts of all the irregular verbs, in 
' "- < alphabetical order; the principal French synonymes; important addi- 
0ik i tional definitions, illustrations, idioms, phrases, and grammati- 

CAL remarks; and four thousand new words of general 







Ektbhbu, ac-ording to act of Congress, in the year 1S58, by 

n APPl.ETON & CO , 

la tbd Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Unite J States for the Southern Direct of New-Yort 



The want of a good Frcncli-Eiiglisli and English-FrencL Dictionary baa 
beeu 80 long and so sensibly felt, that no apology is necessary for presenting 
lliis volume to the American public. The time-honored works of Boyer and 
CJhambaud, reproduced during the past century and a half in a multitude 
of different forms, but still the same in their inaccuracies, deficiencies, and 
total lack of proper arrangement, should certainly before this late period 
Lave been superseded by more reliable and useful original compilations. 
Lexicography should have kept pace with the changes and additions which 
have beeu made in both languages by successive advances in literature, 
science, and art. The difficulty of original compilation, however, as com- 
pared with mere imitation, long deterred the scholars of both countries 
from attempting any improvement in this department of science ; and it 
was left for Professor Spiers to take the initiatory step in the propei 
direction. Passing beyond the restricted limits to which others had con- 
fined themselves, and not content with the antiquated authorities which 
they had exclusively and servilely followed. Spiers made an entirely new 
compilation, elaborated from the latest and best sources in both languages, 
aud containing, to an extent before unapproached, the new terms which 
Qow necessities had created. The favor with which his work has been 
everywhere received by students, is suflicient proof of its inerits as a prac- 
tical book of reference : while the praises lavished upon it even by the 
most captious critics, are but just tributes to the judgment., research, and 
scholarship of its autnor. ^i- ^ ^ ^_ 


The plan of tlie work having been explained at length, and its dirAn- 
guisliing features fully set forth in the Author's Preface to the Paris edition 
hereto subjoined, it remains for the American Editor merely to state n^h^t 
Lmpj'ovements he has made, and what new features he has introduced, foi 
llie pui-pose of rendering it in every way worthy of the respect and approval 
of his countrymen 

The first object of the Editor was the aitainment of perfect accuracy ; 
and to ensure this the whole work was subjected to a rigid revision. It 
was found that the original text abounded in eiTors of every kind. Nouns 
were called adjectives, and adjectives adverbs ; accents were omitted by 
scores ; the reference-numbers were often wrong, through entire paragraphs, 
and words necessary to the sense left out ; crabbed and ungrammatical 
English was employed ; in a word, there was every variety of mistake 
calculated to mislead the pupil in the grossest manner. More than three 
thousand errors, which still deface the Paris edition, have been corrected 
in tliis volume. 

It is now admitted that no French and English Dictionary should be 
pat into tlie hands of a beginner, which does not supply the pronuticiatiou 
of every word. In our country particularly, where there are so many local- 
ities destitute of all facilities for the acquisition of French, a Dictionary 
ought in this respect to be a complete and reliable guide. It has, there- 
fore, been deemed absolutely essential in the present work to accompany 
each word with its exact pronunciation ; and for this purpose the notation 
of Surenne's celebrated Dictionary has been adopted, not only as being 
niore simple and precise than any other, but as having already passed 
unscathed the ordeal of criticism. By the aid of his system, which is else- 
where fully explained, the sound of each word is indicated as given by 
the acknowledged standards of orthoepy in both languages. 

Superior in fullness of definition as the French-English part of Spiers' 
work undoubtedly is, it was found that not a few acceptations occiirring 
as well in the classical as in the living writers of France are omitted. 
The deficiency has here been supplied by the insertion of aA those sensea 
*hich could be gleaned from an extended course of reading. These new 
definitions, including additional versions of phrases which have been sup- 
plied as appropriate to different styles, are no lesE than three thousand in 
numoer. Tlie various definitions and their proper construction are also 
fiirthcr elucidated by occasional gi*ammatical remarks, and by the addition 


of nearly one thousand illustrative clauses '';id sentences. Poiir thousand 
new phrafe'es and idio.ins in- conjraon use, have likewise been incorporated, 
for the t>*H^fit of .those who wish to acquire a conversational knowledge 
of a tongue which may almost be regarded as the vernacular of the whole 
il^ "Europeaiiscontinent. 

The Editor believes that anotlier feature which has been introduced 
into *t]ii8 volume greatly adds to its usefulness, especially in the case of 
tliose who li^ve occasion to translate English into Frecj^h. He refers to 
the remarks on synon^es, in which he has pointed out in the opmpass 
(^f a few lines their distinctive shades of meaning, and illustrated them by 

"> '^i -^ I 

such .examples as can leave no doubt as to their proper use. Abou| 
twelve hundred syi^onymous terms are thus explained 

'No stiident of ^lie Frehcli janguage can have failed to experience the 
difficulty occasioned by the nhftierous irregularities of its verbs. To remove 
this, all the irregular parts, as well of the compouncl as of the simple 
verbs, have beep insertfec in alphabetical o^der, to the number of four 
thousand ; so that a single reference gives the mood, tense, person, num- 
Ler, and the infinitive- -under which the. meanings of the verb are to be 
S)und. This addition will b^^appreciate^ by ^11 who remember their first 
tcssons in French translation. '' 

When it is added that four thousand new Fr^ch words connected with 
Science, art, and general literature, have been inserted, tlie Editor will 
have completed the account of his labors. Tliese terms have been taken 
only from t,he best sources. They have been selected to a considerable 
extent from the departments of medicine, surgery, and chemistry, the value 
of tlie French text-books in these branches of science rendering it highly 
important that our students and professional men shoul r encounter no difli- 
culty in reading and understanding them. 

No addition or alteration has been made that is not authorir,ed by 
competen4 authority. To. enumerate all the sources from which material 
has been drawn, would be\ts tedious a^ it is unnecessary. Among the 
more important Fi^"^ ch works ^ which the Editor is indebted, he would 
mention: Dictionnaire de PAcad^mie Fran9aise (sixi^me Edition); Comple- 
ment du Diet, de I'Academie Fran9aise ; Bescherelle's Diet. Nationel ; 
Landais- Diet. d^ Dictionnaires ; Boiste's Diet. Universal ; Schuster's 
Nouveau Diet. All mand Frangais et Fran9ais-Allemand ; Laveaux' Nouveau 
Diet. : Diet, du Commerce et des Marchandises ; Diet, de Marine ^ Voiles 


et k Vapeur, Spiers' Manue%ies Tei-mes ^u C^nncrce Aiigiais et Fran 
9ai8 ; Duvivib/s Grammaire des Grammaires-; Guizot's Nouveau Diet 
Universel des Synonymes de la Langue Frangaise ; Laveaux' Dir^: Raisoimd 
des Difficult^s Grammaticales et Litt^raires de la Langue Franyaise ; etc., etc* 

The strictest care having been ^^rcised in the correction of the proofs, 
it is believed that as great a degree of typographical accuracy has been 
attained as is possible in a work of such magnitude and difficulty. 

With these pipfatory observations the Editor comaiits his work to the 
American world. He can only wish that the fav^^it shall receive, mav 
be proportionate to the labor expended in its preparation. 








The plan of this dictionary was conceived and matured fourteen years since, in 1835; 
it jras submitted t^^ie Minister of Public Instruction of France (Monsieur Quizot) 
and the Minister of Public Works,' who approved it highly and promised it encourage- 
ment. Under their auspices the work was commenced ; and it has been prosecuted not- 
withstanding innumerable difficulties. My deficiency, which I willingly avow, I have 
endeavored to compensate by constant research ; and when this has been unavailing, I 
have had recourse to the knowledge of others, which has rarely been withheld. 

But neither my own researches nor the learning of others have protected me from 
errors inseparable from such a work. Our great lexicographer Johnson having been 
asked by a lady how he could have defined pastern the knee of a horse, " Ignorance^ 
Madam^ pure ignorance ^^'^ answered he. Assuredly to similar interrogations I may be 
allowed to offer by anticipation a similar reply. 

This work contains, besides the words in ordinary use, the principal terms of the 
sciences, the arts, manufactures, commerce, navigation, etc. The nomenclature of 
each branch of the arts and sciences would alone form a volume. The limits of my 
work do not admit of the introduction of more than general terms ; but from a desire 
of excluding none of these, words that could not upon this principle strictly claim 
admittance have been not unfrequently inserted. I have in this respect been guided 
by the dictionary of the French Academy. In addition to the terms of the arts and 
sciences contained in the latter, innumerable terms especially of science, of civil engi 
neering, of the arts and manufactures, of commerce, the customs, finances, political 
economy, railways, steam-engines, have been introduced, many of which are of too recent 
adoption to have found their way into dictionaries in general. '* 

Before entering, however, into detail, I would present a few observations on the French 
md English dictionaries already published. 


It has been justly remarked by an eminent French grammarian, Mr. Delalande-IIadley, 
that th^ least bad^ the least defective of these dictionaries scarcely rises to mediocrUy. 
There are usually wanting in them the most ordinary words and senses in general use 
connected with literature, science, and technology. In truth, the hapless student is most 
fortunate when he does not find them, as then he is not led into error for if by any mis- 


chance he shouW uuluckily meet with the word he is looking for, he will for the most pari 
find idle definitions or a numberless host of words in li^of the one thing sought, the 
equivalent, the proper term; and if by singular good ti^une this is given, it must be 
known beforehand (and then the research is useless) to extricate it from all that 
surrounds it ; the lexicographer having heaped up into one confused mass, ? udi\^. 
indigcstaque moles^ words, senses, definitions, examples, idioms, and proverbs, as if tlw 
ole purpose were to challenge the ingenuity of the most skilful : 

Devine si tu peux, et choisis si tu I'oses. 

There is almost a total absence of the language of literature, and of those innumerable 
idiomatic forms of speech peculiar to each language, which next to the words themselvep 
are the most important and useful part of a dictionary. Misinterpretations and barba 
risms abound in them ; misinterpretations, because when words resemble each other 
in the two languages, the resemblance is held to be sufficient without a comparison of 
the definitions to ascertain whether the sense is the same ; barbarisms, becaxise words 
are fabricated when they are unknown. Judging by these word^^ would be imagined 
that the French part was written b} an Englishman, and the ErigUisti by a Frenchman, 
or rather that both were the performance of one equally unskilled in both languages 
A few examples will justify the preceding assertions. 

Examples of ordinary or literary words wanting. 

Airage, airing; aluminiere, alnm-works ; bareme, ready reckoner; heurrerie, butter-dairy; htcorf\4, 
twc -horned; Jroit^e, Patentee; briqueteur, brick -layer; cor setter, stay-maker; cfo^^^^7, spigot; emhiter, 
tf? annoy; to worry; embrun, aprnj ; etanche, water-tight; wind-tight; air-tight; Iliade, Iliad; inter 
natf boarding-school ; inverse (noun), reyerse ; Marseillaise^ Marseillaise hymn ; mioche, brat (a little 
child) ; se rappeler, to remember (omitted in nearly all) ; retribuer, to remunerate (wanting in most) ; 

tournevia, screw-driver, etc., etc. {V, Ex. page xiii.) 


The omissions in the compounds are most curious ; it may even be said that omission 
is the rule, and insertion the exception. In a dictionary of one language this is justifiablcj 
but not in that of two languages, as a compound in one tongue is often translated by a 
single word in the other, and when it is not, it cannot always be construed literally. For 
instance, bell-hanging is rendered in French by pose de son?ieUes, and carpet-bag by sac 
de nuit, neither easily guessed ; but bill-case is in French portefeuille ; burial-ground, 
oimeti^re ; hair-dresser , coiffeur ; night-mare, cauchemar ; salt-cellar, saliere, etc. Such 
AS are not translated literally have been, inserted. 

Examples of the omission of ordinary senses of words that are given. 

At antecedent is not to be found previous conduct ; at cuir, fault iu language ; ego'iste, selfish ; fivori. 
vliiekcr ; entrepdt, bonded warehouse ; portefeuille, bill-case ; priser, to take snuff; reaine, resin, 


Jlxamples of idle defnitions or of a host of words instead of the equivalent, the proper term. (1) 
Ahtner, to eteep in alum- water, instead of to alum; pitase, winged hat of Mercury, for petasui, 
ar houilli, leather prepared in a certain manner or boiled iu some resinous substance to make bottle^ 
buckets, etc. (for waxecf /<?a//ter)/ coup de sohil, a violent impression of the sun upon those that are 

(1) The extracts from the French and English dictionaries found in this preface are made fh)m the largo Dictionary 
H/eamny called Royal dictionary ot Boyer Chambau^, Garner, Ucs ('arrlOrns. and Fain, published in 1829. 


exposed to it in hot countries (for sunstroke). At pantalon, pantaloon and huffoon are given ; trmietn 
alone, the only proper term, is omitted. In the English-French part it is still worse. Ar&on, action de 
mettre le feu k une maison(thi3 is called incendie par malveillance) ; mittimus, un ordre en vertu duquel 
on met un criminel en prison (for inandat de depot); search-warrant, ordre du juge pour faire une vieiU: 
{mandat de perquisition) ; waistcoat, chemisette, camisole, veste (which describe perfectly what it ii nctt 
' M qilet would what it is). 


Examples of words with adjectives, etc., and idiomatic forms wanting. 
Bonne pour (out faire, maid of all work; fer forge, wrought iron; fer lamonS, rolled iron; papier 
vilin, wove paper ; papier pergi, laid paper ; piano droit or vertical, upright piano ; piano a queue, grand 
piano ; terre sainte, consecrated ground ; bon voyage 1 a pleasant journey to you I 

* Envers et contre tous, in opposition to all men ; sauf erreur ou omission, errors excepted ; d, genoux 
on one's knees ; un genou en terre, kneeling on one knee ; induire en erreur, to lead into error ; chanter 
misire, to plead poverty; passer la plaisanterie, to be no jest; porter prejudice, to be prejudicial, 
injurious, or detrimental to ; laver la vaisselle, to wash up the dishes. For others, see the words coup, 
deconsidiration, escalier, huile, memoire, monnaie, reve, rhume, soir, sourire, souvenir, etc., etc 



Examples of barbarisms, solecisms, and mistranslations. 

French barbarisms: Jour du quartier (quarter-day), for terme ; d Fouverture du livre(SL livre ouvert); 
ouiuance executrice (pouvoir executif) ; seigneur lige for seigneur suzerain (liege being applied in 
French to the vassal only and not to the lord). 

English barbarisms : He cousin, she cousin, she defendant (after which other examples might be div 
pensed with) ; flying coach for stage coach ; to turii a thing xoilh a droll (what it means I have never yei 
been able to discover) ; a turning joint (vert^bre) ; it does not concern me NErrnER one way nor oVitr ; to 
LAY (lie) cJoiig upon the grouid ; wind ir:, the small guts (iliac passion), I would apologize for venturing 
to present the last example ; but I cannot otherwise c6nvey to the reader an adequate idea of the ftfc- 
gance of language constantly remarked in these dictionaries. 

Examples of words fabricated. 
Partition, in music, for score; pass-rose for holly-hock ; English taffety for evurt plaster; fagoM or 
fagona for pancreas ; redhibitory for setting aside a contract of sale. To translate the English word 
valrus, the dictionaries have invented walrus, walros, and torwac for morse. 

Examples of mistranslations. 
Acluellement is translated by a/;tually, really, instead of at present, because of the resemblance ; billion, 
billion (instead of a thousand millions ; billion in England means a million of millions) ; detrempe, water- 
colors (for distemper [in painting] ) ; dissidence, scission (for difference, schism ; scission signifies cutting) ; 
emphase, emphasis (instead of magniloquence, pompousness) ; inofficieux, inofficious, unkind (for that 
disinlierits the legitimate heir) ; trillion, trillion (for billion) ; vindicte, vengeance (for prosecutvftt of 
crime); vindicte publique, avenging the public (for prosecution of crime by the public prosecutor). 

Pomme de pin has been so invariably translated by ptne-apple., and vice-versa., that 
ftll the French journals, in their account of the city feast of the 9th of November, untii 
within the last two or three years, annually charged our aldermen of London, prorer" 
bially renowned for their good taste, with having eaten (peace to their digestions !) m 
many hundred fir-cones ! in French, pommes de pin. 

1 cannot refrain from presenting one of the innumerable erroneous indications, as it 
proves how entirely these works have been left as they were by the self-styled authors 
of new dictionaries, the principal novelty of which consists of the new name they bear 


and some new blunders added to the already plentiful stock. At the word Louvre, the 
reader will find in nearly all dictionaries the king of France's palace at Paris. This wap 
true in the reign of Charles IX. and of Henry IV. down to that of Louis XIV. But no 
king of France has inhabited it since Louis XV. It would be as well to define it tho 
king of France's hunting-seat, as it was in the good old time of Dagobert, or his stroug- 
hold, because it was so under Philip Augustus. For a hundred and fifty years then baa 
this definition been erroneous; but it has remained as it was written perhaps by the QrsI 
Uxicographer, whose definition was probably right when he penned it. 

These extracts assuredly prove the truth of the preceding assertions ; they mighlb 
have been increased ten or a hundredfold ; 


The history of the dictionaries of the two languages explains their insufficiency. 

The earliest French and English dictionary of which I find any record was an ano- 
nymous publication of 1570. In 1611 Cotgrave's appeared, and CiP t|iis Johnson speaks 
in terms of high encomium, calling it " a truly valuable work " and " a rich store-house 
of old French and English also." Boyer's name replaced Cotgrave's ; Boyer's alone has 

The French and English dictionaries are but reprints of Boyer and Chambaud with 
mere changes in the size, sometimes with insignificant corrections and additions, and fre- 
quently with fresh faults. Boniface put into octavo what was before a quarto, added his 
name, the announcement of 5000 familiar terms, and many new faults. (1) Wilson se- 
lected among the materials of Boyer ; but as he does not appear to have known Frenc 
(a slight disadvantage it must be confessed), he was naturally and necessarily directed by 
chance. The smaller dictionaries are made from the larger ones, or rather in what they 
give they are the larger ones in a diminutive form. 

Boyer and Chambaud. Boyer was a French Protestant, who sought a refuge in 
England at the revocation of the edict of Nantes. He died in 1729. He published his 
dictionary in 1699 or 1702. The first edition of the dictionary of the French Academy 
appeared in 1694; the second, not until 1718; so that Boyer must have compiled his 
from the first. Johnson's great work, which will ever be the basis, the foundation of 
English lexicography, was not published till 1755, i. e., twenty-six years after Boyer's 
death. There existed before Johnson's, according to Lord Chesterfield, no English die 
tionary, nothing but word-hooks, in which " all words, good and bad," says he, " are there 
jumbled indiscriminately together, insomuch that the injudicious reader may speak and 
write as inelegantly, improperly, and vulgarly as he pleases, by and with the authority of 
one or other of our word-books." 

How faithfully does this description portray the state of the French and English die 
tionaries, which bear internal evidence of their having been composed from the word- 
bcolu Lord Chesterfield describes. Boyer then composed his dictionary, if he did not 
kianecribe Cotgrave's with Sherwood's supplement, as his successors have done with 
regard to his, from the English vocabularies, before there existed an English dictionary 
In the absence, then, of proper guides, he fabricated the words with which he was unac- 

(If At pendtUum, Boniface oorrocted vm, pendvle Into tune pend/uUi^rtAayi means a clock) ; and at licence, called paUnit 
ad given by Boyer, Chambaud, and Wilson as droit cPattban, the 5ld name for It, Boniface has corrected it into dri 


jaainted. It is easy to estimate the value of words coined by a foreignei* by no mcaup 
impressed with the genius of our language. Chambaud, who at least knew French (and 
I doubt whether Boyer was well acquainted with his own language), succeeded Boyer. 
He was justly desirous of availing himself of the labors of Johnson ; but be seems tc 
have contented himself with translating Johnson's definitions ; a system which hao a 
most grave inconvenience, that of introducing every thing that approaches the word, all 
its synonymes, in short, every thing that is not the word, and of excluding nought but 
the word itself. It is, however, this dictionary of Boyer, published in all forms, and 
copied, even to the misprints, (1) transcribed under all names, which has been the guide 
of all who have studied French and English for a century and a half, for five genera 
tions 1 


This work has been composed from dictionaries exclusively English or French. 
A-mong the former, the dictionaries of Johnson, Webster, and Richardson have been 
taken for its basis., ^have often culled from Smart's Walker remodelled ; and I regret 
not having been acquainted, until nearly the end of my task, with Worcester's critical 
and 'pronouncing dictionary^ the nomenclature of which is rich. I have never con- 
sulted Ash, who, after his etymology of curmudgeon^ can inspire no confidence. Of the 
French, the dictionary of the Academy is naturally the ground-work ; its authority has 
always been with me decisive. I am, however, much indebted to the two dictionaries o'' 
Laveaux and Boiste, but perhaps still more to the valuable pages of Bescherelle. 

I have abstained from naming in my title any other than general dictionaries, having 
iKJrupulously avoided adding names, too frequently all that is borrowed from the books. 
A long list of names in a title-page is often extracted from a catalogue. 


Nearly all the new words, not literary, introduced into this dictionary, have been bor- 
rowed from the following works; and I here acknowledge the obligation with pleasure 
and gratitude : Brande's Dictionary of Science, Literature, and Art, Hebert's Engi- 
neer's and Mechanics Encyclopcedia, Loudon's Encyclopcedias of Agriculture, Gar 
dening. Plants, and Cottage, Farm, and Villa Architecture and Furniture, McCulloch's 
Dictionary of Commerce and Commercial Navigation, and lire's Dictionaries of 
Chemistry and Mineralogy, and of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines. For innumerable 
terms of the arts and manufactures I am indebted principally to Dr. lire's esteemed 
works, and for very many to the personal kindness of the learned author. For these 
terms in French I have had recourse to translations of several of these works, and to the 
French Dictionnaire du Commerce et des Marchandiscs, but principally to the personal 
assistance of the most competent French authorities in every department ; and no fewer 
than five members of the Institute have, with a disinterestedness characteristic of the 
scientific men of Prance, enriched these columns with perhaps some of their most valua- 
ble information. 

The part of the Dictionary relating to the Natural Sciences has been wholly entrusted 
to Dr. Doyere, Professor of Natural History of the French University, and author oi 

(i) Cinacle has remained upper-room, guest-chamber, instead of supper room ; cytise has ever been left bate tr^M 
tir 5an tr^oil; ichawe to upper scaffolding pole, because it was originally \ misprint for upher, scaffolding-pcU. 


works on these subjects. Dr. Doyere has placed the scientific name first, and afterward* 
the vulgar terms, marked with the sign of familiar words, thus (TI). 

Whole works have been read for railway terms and those of steam-engines, for many 
of which I am indebted to Dr. Lardner's kindness. The terms of commerce have been 
extracted from my Manual of Commercial Term^s in English and French ; those cf tbfl 
post-office from the conventions between Great Britain and France, and the '' articles 
agreed upon between tlie post-offices''' of the two countries. Various technological voca- 
bularies that have been collected by private gentlemen, and especially those made in England 
by Engineers of the French government, have been communicated to me. Law terms 
naturally attracted my serious attention ; either they did not exist in the French and 
English dictionaries, or they presented the still greater inconvenience of being given 
erroneously ( V. arsorh, mittimus, and search-warrant, page ix). Mr. Marie, a French 
barrister and since Minister of Justice, and Mr. Else and the late Mr. Leahy, memberji 
of the English bar, have kindly aflforded me the most valuable assistance. 

Examples of terms of eommerce, science, or the arts and manufactures, n^tp other dictionaries. 

Artesian (Hebert); cholerine (Copland); copartnery (McCullooh); dahlia (Loudon); to madder 
(Ure) ; to ret (Ure) ; unindifferency (Blackstone) ; air-stove (Hebert) ; bleach-works (Uke), I would 
refer the i-eader to the English-French dictionary for the following words. For commerce : bank (with 
8 new compounds) ; dock (of 5 compounds 4 are new) ; cash (4 out of 6, and among the new is cash- 
<Mffice, caisse); bill (6 out of 8). For civil engineering: bridge, drain, lock, pile and its compounds, rail, 
and particularly roaJ and its compounds. For the arts and manufactures: gas {wiiXi 8 new compounds); 
engine (9 new compound.s), cotton (10), iron (15), and coal (44 compounds, 21 of which are in no othsf 


In ordinary language or that of literature the new words added are numerous and 
important. Familiar terms have been gleaned from authors, from tradesmen's catalogues, 
from all sources. I have done what Johnson alleges he could not do, -but probably did 
not attempt ; I have " visited the warehouses of merchants, and shops of artificers, to gain 
the names of wares, tools, and operations, of which no mention is found in books." 

I have borrowed considerably from the terms of our own great writers and from 
those of the French, including authors of our own times, preserving those antiquated or 
obsolete words or senses that are to be found in the standard authors of either country. 
The English should assuredly be able to read with the assistance of a French dictionary 
Pascal, Corneille, Racine, Moliere, La Fontaine, Boileau, Montesquieu, Bossuet, Flechier, 
Massillon, Voltaire, Rousseau, Mirabeau, Chateaubriand, De Lamartine, Beranger, etc. 
I have inserted words sanctioned by such writers, " quand nifime," as Balzac has well 
expressed it, " I'usage n'en aurait pas encore corrige I'amertume de la nouveaute.'' Much 
circumspection, it is allowed, should be used in granting such words the privilege of 
naturalization ; but the French Academy did not exclude from the first edition of their 
dictionary Balzac's neologisms fdiciter, urbaniti, etc. ; they have since admitted La 
Fontaine's Fabuliste and the bienfaisance of Abb' de Saint-Pierre ; and what should 
we now say to a lexicographer of antiquity, had there been any, who should have 
obstinately refused to admit into his rolls Cicero's neologism mwal philosophy, or 
Plato's Providence ? 

I have scrupulously abstained from creating new words ; it is the business of the 
lexicographer to record the creations of others. T have added no terms but those J 
Have found and have deemed legitimate. 


Examples of literary terms or those in general use that are not in other dictionaries. 

Anarchiser (Mirabeau), to throw into anarchy ; archinoble (Lesage), most noble ; bareme, readjr 
leckoner; boutonnet (Voltaire), little bud; briqueteur, brick -layer; buvard, blotting-case ; oilcain 
(noun) (Academie), lime-stone ; causant (Sevigne), chatty ; chloroforme, chloroform ; corsetier, coi-sei- 
makcr ; un dependant (La Bruyere), a dependant ; derailler, to run off the rails ; detroner (Voltaire), to 
icthi'one ; diableteau (Rabelais, La Fontaine, Voltaire), devilkin ; entenebrer (Chateaubriand), to 
icVvilre in darkness ; ergoterie (Rousseau), cavilling ; escompteur, discounter ; Riade, Iliad ; inestim 
(Dklille), uncsteemed ; inharmonieux (Laiiarpe), unharmonious, unmusical ; inindustrie (Mirabeau)^ 
UBskilfulness ; internat, boarding-school; internissable (Voltairk), unsullied; magnanerie (Daucet), silk- 
worm nursery ; mesinterpreter (Rousseau), to misconstrue ; mioche (Bescherelle), brat ; poisseux (Buffon), 
pitchy ; se rappeler (Academie), to remember (wanting in nearly all) ; statuette, statuette ; trass (Besohb- 
rslle), tarras or terras (a cement much used) ; viaduc (Bescherelle), viaduct ; etc., etc For other 
ords. see Omissions, page viil 

Obsolete words and senses of the French classics not in other French and English dictionaries. 

Obsolete words : Accointement (Corneille), skilfully ; assembleur (La Fontaine), collector, gatherer ; 
bonhommeau (La Fontaine), simple, easy man ; brevete (La Fontaine), brevity, shortness ; cachement 
(Moliere), hiding ; consigner (Moliere), to harmonize ; feux (La Fontaine), child ; grippeminaud (La 
Fontaine), grimalkin ; htrmmeau (La Fontaine), little man ; jarni (Moliere), by heaven ; penaille and 
penaillerie (La Fontaine), monks ; polide (Racine), pretty ; tete-bleu (Moliere), zounds ; voi (Racine), 
indeed, bless me, etc 

Obsolete senses: Assembleur (La Fontaine), collector, gatherer; compasser (Mohere), to consider, 
to weigh ; malpropre (Corneille, Moliere), unfit ; ressentiment (Corneille), injury ; ressentiment (Flb- 
ohieb, Voltaire), feeling ; sentiment (Corneille), resentment ; trotter (La Fontaine), to follow fast^ etc 

Unauthorized and useless words, that are in new dictionaries merely because they 
have been in old ones, have been pitilessly suppressed ; and room has thus been found 
for new and useful words without exceeding the size of ordinary dictionaries. 


In both dictionaries the compounds are inserted when they are not translated literally, 
or when they are rendered by single words. This is an important part of a dictionary 
of two languages ; but these words are not generally given in a dictionary of one lan- 
guage only. Brass-foil is in no English lexicon ; but one must be gifted with powers of 
divination to surmise that it is called in French oripeau or clinquant. The dictionaries 
insert brass-candlestick., brass-cannon., brass-kettle., brass-money., that are translated lite- 
rally. These then I have suppressed, or rather I have replaced them by other compounds 
not construed literally, the number of which has been so greatly increased that I have 
sometimes (as at the word coat) as many as forty -four compounds, twenty-one of which 
are in no other dictionary. In the French-English dictionary these compounds are 
scarcely fewer. Among those of the word parte, I have numbered seventy-six, sixty-ouo 
of which are in very few French and English dictionaries, and of these twenty-nine are 
to be found in none. 


Not, however, satisfied with making valuable additions to the vocabulary, I have 
endeavored to render the service of suppressing improprieties, not merely of language, 
that have been accumulating for more than a century. I have never forgotten that I was 
writing for youth, and that the instructor of youth is invested with a moral priesthood 



The coins, measures, and weights of one country have been accurately reduced to 
those of the other. It will be readily imagined that for both nations the new system 
has been adopted ; a table of them has been added at the end of the dictionary. I have 
taken for the basis of these reductions the Annuaire du bureau des longitudes^ which 
is an authority in England and France. (See page 666 and the words of the table.) 


I have succinctly explained the greater part of the political institutions and of public 
functions when they differ in the two countries. ( V. Hat civil, Hats gineraux, tiers 
Hat, etc.) I have given at the names of the months of the calendar of the first French 
republic, constantly met with in French works, the corresponding time of the ordinary 
calendar. ( V. Vend^miaire, Brumaire, Frimaire, Nivose, Fluviose, Ventose, etc.) 


The greater part of my readers will not learn with indifference that the principal 
abbreviations and contractions in use are found in the following pages ; they are 
intended for the foreigner, who is often embarrassed by their absence. 


It is superfluous to dwell on the importance of the grammatical accuracy of a work 
intended to serve as a guide, -and destined by its very nature to be an authority. The 
dictionaries of the two languages are in this respect sadly deficient ; they commonly 
unite in one article the active and neuter verb, and not unfrequently words of two or 
three different denominations. Since, the preposition, adverb, and conjunction, forms a 
single article. The dictionaries constantly construe the verb active by the neuter, and 
vice versa. Surpass, the active verb, is rendered by ezceller, Pemporter, which in French 
are neuter verbs, and which necessarily mislead the student ; it should be ezceller sur, 
Vemporter sur. These faults are of constant recurrence. Much care has been bestowed 
on this portion of the work, I have called attention especially in the French-English 
dictionary to the principal grammatical distinctions, and have added observations and 
frequently examples to elucidate them. (See the words dont, ichapper, gens, le (the 
pronoun), ni, on, se, voir, etc.) I have cautioned the student against confounding such 
words as in one of the languages are rendered by two different words in the other. This 
will perform the service of a dictionary of synonymes. ( V. apporter and amener, to 
bring ; aveu, confession, and confesse, confession ; briser, casser, and rompre, to break ; 
jour and journ^e, day ; opprimer and oppresser, to oppress ; partial and partiel, par- 
tial ; retourner and revenir, to return ; soir and sow <?e, evening ; soup(^onneux and 
msjHxt, suspicious ; etc.) 


Like Johnson, whose example cannot be too often imitated, I have presented the 
acceptations of word? in their genealogical order, i. e., in the logical order in which thej 
were probably formed or at least deduced from each other 


By this system, the student understands them better and the memory retains theni 
more tenaciously, for the various senses present to the mind but a series of modificationa 
of one and the same idea, because they follow each other and are connected together like 
80 many links of a chain. The different senses ai-e separated from each other by num- 
bers, in order that they may not be taken for synonymes of the same acceptations. 
Obsolete senses, however, are generally placed last, but before those of the arts or 
sciences. Acceptations peculiar to certain objects or to certain arts and sciences art; 
given in the alphabetical order of their designations. ( V. aiguille^ canon^ /ce, aeU, 
piece, tete.) Words that are nearly synonymous or that differ by their style only, are 
united under the same number. 

I deem it unnecessary in a dictionary of two languages to gite definitions that may 
be sought elsewhere, and that occupy space better devoted to what can be found there 
alone. My definitions arc, in general, but means of distinction ; anoblir, to ennoble, is 
defined by to confer nobility on, in order to distinguish it from to ennoble (give excellence 
to), which is rendered in French by ennoblir; 2Xjour I have put day (space of time from 
sun-rise to sun-set), that it may not be confounded with day (space of time from rising 
to retiring to rest), in French, yowr^j^e. 

In this part of my task I have every where observed and denoted those most impor- 
tant distinctions between the acceptations of words taken in a proper or a figurative 
sense, applied exclusively to persons or to things, employed in a good or a bad sense. 
These may be reckoned among the principal difficulties of the study of foreign languages ; 
for a word the same in signification not unfrequently receives a totally different applicik- 
tion in passing from one language to another. 

Use in a good or a bad sense. Words often assume a bad sense in one language 
which they have not in another. Femelle is applied in a good sense in French to 
auimab only ; in relation to persons it is used in a bad sense ; to translate into French 
a female friend or a female deity by une amie femelle, une divinite femelle, would be 
making an egregious and ridiculous mistake ; these two expressions would be equivalent 
in English to a she friend, a she deity. Pathos, unlike the Greek or English word 
pathos, being used in a bad sense, means in English bathos, bombast, fustian, rant. 
The above is more than sufficient to prove the absolute necessity of such indications in 

Distinction between persons and things. The difference in this respect is very 
great between any two languages ; in one, words apply to both which in another are 
employed of one only of the two. Incurable (incurable) is used of persons and things, 
whereas ingu^rissable, its synonyme, is employed of persons only. M^ritant is said of 
persons only, and may be translated by deserving or meritorious ; m^ritoire on the con- 
trary is used but of things, and can be rendered by meritorious only, as dese'vi?ig is not 
employed in English of things. Natal is similarly distinguished from natif, both signi- 
fying native. Frequenter must be translated by to frequent (a place) ; but to frequnt 
he society of (persons). Sometimes this affects the place of the adjective, as in maihon- 
nete. ( V. Suicide.) In short, it is a distinction that must constantly be made and that 
must consequently be learned ; where is it to be recorded, if not in a dictionary ? 

Distinction between the proper and figurative senses. This I consider one of the 
most important parts of the study of a language, and consequently of the dictionary of 
two tongues. For blindness the French use c^cit^ in the proper sense, for a want of 
sight, and aveuglement in the figurative for ignorance, although aveugle (blind) is em- 


ployed in both cases. On the other hand, wwr in the proper sense is with us ripe, and io 
the figurative, mature; lisible is properly legible, but figuratively readable. It has been 
well said that every language has its peculiar metaphors, so established by usage that \i 
the nearest equivalent term is substituted, ridicule ensues. Had Young found the dis- 
tinction between entrailles (proper and figurative) and boyaux (proper only) denoted Id 
dictionaries, he would not have written to Fenelon : " Monseigneur, vous avez pour moi 
ties boyaux depere^^ " My lord, you have the entrails of a father for me." 


Examples have been inserted when they have been deemed necessary to elucidate the 
value of a word or a sense, to illustrate the manner of using it, to render more obvious 
the distinction between a word and its synonymes, or to exemplify some grammatical 
difficulty ; frequently to show some particular use of prepositions that differ in the two 
languages. They have not been repeated at derivatives ; the reader must refer to the 
primitive. I have studiously avoided adducing examples of obsolete significations, that 
might lead the student into error. The limits of this work have not permitted me to 
consider literary beauty in the examples, which have been reduced to what mathematicians 
call their lowest terms. After having thus altered or maimed them, I have been unwil- 
ling to add to them the names of authors. 


The sense of words, and especially the manner of translating them, is often considerv 
Uy modified by the addition of other words, especially adjectives or nouns subjoined to 
Douns, adverbs to verbs, etc. ; or these have forms peculiar to themselves. Gi oseilli 
eignifies a currant ; but grosse groseille, or groseille a maquereau, is gooscbei-ry ; or if 
groseille is considered to mean gooseberry, then groseille a grappes becomes currant and 
groseilles a la crime our gooseberry fool. I have given the principal sorts of things when 
not translated literally, a.8 piston plein is not Englished hy full but solid piston ; papier 
de Chine is not China but India paper ; encrier a pompe, not pump but hydraulic 
inkstand. A literal translation would often be unintelligible and not unfrequently ludi- 
crous ; as piano a queue (grand piano) would inevitably be, if the evil genius of a luckless 
student, unable to find it in his dictionary, and thus left to chance, were to light on piano 
with a t'y.i! ! Much attention has been devoted to this department of lexicography ; the 
reader is referred to the words bois, coton, effet, fer, lampe, lettre, machine, monnaie, 
papier, savon, vinaigre, etc. The verbs have also adverbs peculiar to them, which, to 
be known, must be gleaned from reading, and ought to be recorded in dictionaries. The 
French say lutter fermc or fort (to struggle ^rw or strong) which we render by to strug- 
gle hard ; but douter fort we do not translate by to doubt hard, but to doubt muck, 
although we do say for pleuvoir fort, to rain hard or fast ; transjnrer abondamment ia 
with us to perspire copiously or prnfusdy. In fact, they cannot be guessed, but must 
b learned, and ought, therefore, to be found in the columns of a dictionary. 


Idioms and familiar phraseology are, after words, the most important part of a dic- 
tionary of two languages ; they are indispensable, fundamental, the very essence ot a 
language. It is a strange fact that in dictionaries exclusively English they are rarely 


noticed ; and in the greater part of dictionaries wholly French they occupy a prouiinont 
part. From isolated words the foreigner cannot form idioms ; he must receive them as a 
people have made them ; he must take the home-born plant, and not substitute an exotio 

I have inserted all those in general use and those I have collected, either in my reading 
or in my personal intercourse with the French, during a twenty years' residence in Paris : 
they are placed where they will probably be sought, at the important word, which is not 
a slight innovation ; they are separated from the acceptations and examples ; they are 
classed, so that one may be readily found without a perusal of the whole ; the nouns are 
presented in the following order: 1, the word with the adjective j 2, with other nouns ; 
3, with prepositions ; 4, with verbs. The verbs are not less methodically arranged : 
1, attended by adjectives or adverbs ; 2, accompanied by nouns ; 3, in any part of their 
conjugation ; 4, when attended by prepositions or adverbs, that so profoundly modify the 
sense in English. Each of these series is exhibited in alphabetical order. ( V. heure, 
pied, picrre, temps, tete, vote, etc. ; faire, vouloir, etc.) 


Prepositions. I have shown what prepositions are governed by words when they differ 
in the two languages. Grammars can present but few such words ; the place of these 
indications is the dictionarj . Mine is, I believe, the fii'st that has supplied them. They 
are perhaps the greatest difficulty to be encountered in the study of a language, and few 
or none are so thoroughly conversant with them as to be able to dispense with assistance. 
How then is a learner to imagine to guess that the French say angry ^igainst (fache 
oontre) and not with ; and pleased of (content de) and not vrith ; to consist in and never 
o consist of; to ansioer of to dispense of to threaten of to inspire a sentiment to any 
3ne, to reproach a. th. to a. o., etc. ? 

Moods, etc. When a word governs the subjunctive mood in French, I have always 
noticed it by marking (subj.) or [subj.] ; no indication is given when the mood governed 
IS the indicative. ( V. abominable, admirei', v. n., bien que, bon, douter, quoiqne, etc.) 
If the verb requires ne or admits of the suppression oi pas or point, it is stated in a note 
at the end of the word, and frequently elucidated by an example. ( V. craindre, cesser, 
oser, pouvoir, savoir.) 


These two vocabularies contain all the important names that differ in the two lan- 
guages; they also comprise the names connected with Biblical, Greek, and Roman 
antiquity ; they have been compiled with great care. The genders, when they are consid- 
ered doubtful, are omitted. 


One of the most important ends to be attained was to introduce order and metdcd 
Int J the " tenfold confusiou" found, where all was " dark, wasteful, wild." Senses, defini 
tions, examples, idioms, and proverbs, were, to use the language of Lord Chesterfield, 
''jumbled indiscriminately together," so that a student adventuring into these wild 
regions was more likely to lose himself than find the object of his search. The definitiota 
ti words that have but one acceptation, or all the senses of which correspond in both )an- 


guages, have been suppressed. When a definition or an explanation, which is generally 8 
single word, is inserted, it is in a parenthesis and in a type different from the translation 
All the acceptations follow each other without interruption, in order to present at a glance 
the whole of the significations of the word ; these acceptations are separated from the 
examples ; the latter open a new paragraph and bear numbers corresponding to those of 
the senses ; they are given in a smaller type, as are likewise the grammatical observations 
fct (he end. The examples are, in their turn, separated from the idioms, and these begin 
another paragraph with the type of the acceptations. 

After having presented to the reader all the details that the limits of a preface admit 
(and I fear rather to have abused his indulgence), I have but to request him to compare 
this dictionary with other works of the same description. I wish it to undergo serious 
and critical examination. I venture to suggest a few words for comparison. For ordi- 
nary terms : apoplexie, atteinte, comprendre, coup, diconsidiration, doux, escalier^fdche, 
fini, Jleuve, frapper, jour, monnaie, morality, pantalon, pension, pensionnat, pere, 
represailles, rester, reve, rhuine, soir, soirie, vache, vif, vigrie, etc. ; for the arts and 
manufactures : coton, cuivre, fer, gaz, houille, huile, soie, etc. ; for commercial terms : 
assurance, banque, capital, commis, compte, compagnie, dock, effet, envoi, escompte, 
payement, police, presentation, prix ; for the customs : entrepot, droit, transit ; for 
engineering : coussinet, ecluse, pav^, pont, route, vapeur, etc. ; for the grammatical part : 
s^attendre, bien, ce, cesser, craindre, dessous, dessus, dont, echapper,feu (adjective), gens^ 
5'indigner, Je, le (pronoun), ni, on, pardonner, se, sien, tu, voir ; for law : arbitre, com- 
paraitre. contrat, dHention, emprisonnement, hiritier, Jiomidde, magistrature, perqui' 
sx'ion, vol; for military terms : faction, file, garnison ; for mining : filon, galerie. etc. ; 
for the navy: ancre, arm^e, bdtiment, cable, flotte, mat, voile, etc. ; for post-office terms: 
d^peclie, lettre, port, etc. ; for railways : convoi, rail, train, etc. ; for general technology : 
machine, pompe, puits, roue, treuil, vis, etc. 

The pleasing duty now devolves on me of acknowledging my obligations, which are 
great and numerous. The difficulties of the translation from English into French have 
been submitted to Frenchmen, and vice versa. The gentlemen whose names I have the 
honor to inscribe here, have been kindly pleased to enrich these volumes with some of 
their most valuable information. I would here offer them the expression of my gratitude. 

These gentlemen are Professor Elie de Beaumont, Member of the Institute of France 
(for geology and mineralogy) ; Robt. Bell, Esq., author of the Lives of the Poets, the 
Histo^-y of Russia, the Life of Canning, etc. (for English literature) ; Professor Blanqui, 
Member of the Institute of France (for political economy and commerce) ; Professor 
Combes, Member of the French Institute (for mining and mechanics) ; Monsieur Cor- 
tambert, author of several works and professor of geography (for geography) ; Cesar 
Daly, Esq., architect and director of the Revue des Travaux Publics (for architecture) ; 
Professor Donaldson, of University College (for architecture and building) ; Rich. Else, 
Esq., barrister of London (for law) ; Professor Fremy, of the Ecole Polytechnique (for 
chemistry) ; Admiral Giffard (for naval terms) ; Professor Guigniaut, Member ci the 
Institute of France and Secretary General of the Council of the University of France 
(for geography) ; Edw. Hclmes, Esq., of London (for music) ; Dr. Lardner, director of 
the Cabinet Cyclopcedia, author of the Steam-engine, etc. (for the exact sciences and 
sivil engineering) ; the late Mr. Leahy, barrister of London (for law) ; Monsieur Marie, 
formerly Minister of Justice and Keeper of the Seals (for law) ; D. McCarthy, M. D.. 


physician to the English Embassy in Paris (for the medical sciences) ; the late Admiral 
Massieu de Clerval, commissioner of the Board of Admiralty (for the navy) ; General 
Saint- Arnaud (for military terms) ; Monsieur Sichel, M. D. (for ophthalmology) ; Cap- 
tain Stephenson, of the Scotch Fusilier Guards (for military terms) ; Dr. Ure, F. K. S. 
(for chemistry, the arts and manufactures) ; Monsieur De Vilback (for music) ; Monsieur 
Villcmain, Perpetual Secretary to the French Academy and formerly Minister of Public 
Instruction (for the French language and literature). I regret infinitely the utter im- 
possibility of naming here the many other persons to whose kindness I am indebted for 
much very valuable information. 

The gentlemen who have so kindly contributed to the dictionary, and the public in 
general, are earnestly entreated to communicate their observations ; it is by these princi- 
pally that I hope to correct the errors that have inevitably found their way into these 
pages ; they will be gratefully received, and will meet with all due consideration. 

I confidently trust that I have conscientiously and faithfully fulfilled the promises of 
the title of my work ; it is for others to appreciate the execution of my task ; but liko 
Johnson I confess that " I look with pleasure on my book, however defective, and delivei 
it to the world with the spirit of a man that has endeavored well." 



any, qiielque. 
ebbrev., abbreviation, ahreviation. 
fibs., absolutely, in an absolute sense, ab- 

nee., accusative case, accusatif. 
ucoust, acou.stics, acoustique. 
otlj., adjective, adjectif. 
ftdjecL, a(yectively, adjectivement. 
adm., administration, administration. 
adv.. adverb, adverbe. 
adverb., adverbially, adverbialement _ 
a & m., arts and manufactures, indimtrie. 
Elf., affirmatively, ajfirmativement. 
agr., agriculture, <igricidtuve. 
ulg., algebra, algebre. 
nnat,, anatomy, anatomie. 
anc, ancient, ancien. 
ant, antiquity, antiquite. 
u. o., any one, quelqu'un. 
arcb . architecture, architecture. 
arltL, arithmetic, arithmetique. 
irt, article, article. 
wtil., artillery, artiUerie. 
ftstr., astronomy, astronomie. 
sstrol., astrology, astrologie. 
a. til., any thing, quelque chose. 
Rux., auxiliary, auxiliaire. 

a. wli., any where, quelqv,e part. 

bak., baker's tracie, bakers' term, bou- 

bank., banking, banque. 
bil.. billiards, billard. 
bind., binding, reliure. 
book-k., book-keeping. comptabUite. 
book-s., book-selling, librairie. 
bot,, botany, botanique. 
brew., brewing, terme de brasseur. 
brick., brick-making, briqueterie. 

b. 8., bad sense, en mauvaise part 
build., building, construction. 
butch., butchers' term, bozicherie. 

cab., cabinet-making, cabinet-work, ebe- 

cal., calendar, calendrier. 

can. law, canon law, droit canon. 

carcin., carcinology, carcinologie. 

carp., carpentry, charpenterie ; menui- 
aerie. ' 

eath., catholic, catholique. 

cath. lit, catholic liturgy, Uturgie ca- 

cath rel., catholic religion, religion ca- 
th -lique. 

ohai c, cliancery, chancellerie. 

sh(m., chemistry, chimie. 

cliron., chronology, chronologie. 

!hr. relig., Christian religion, religion 

civ., civil, civil. 

dv. eng., civil engineering, ginie civil. 

dv. law, civil law, droit civil ; droit 

coin. Cf)ining, monnnyage. 

eora., cominercs, commerce. 

commaniL, command, word of command, 

com. nav., commercial navigation, com- 
merce m.aritime. 

oomp., con?pound, compost.. 

oomp., comi)aratlve, com,paratif. 

conch., conchology, conchijliologie. 

oond., conditional mood, conditionnel. 

conf, confectioners' term, ter'.ne le zon- 

con.)., conjugated, conjugui. _ 
conj., conjunction, conjonction. 
coop., cooperage, U.nnellerie. 
crim., criminal, criminel. 
crim. law, criminal law, droit crimir.el. 
crit, criticism, critique. 
culiu., culinary art, art cviinaire. 
cur., curriery, corroyeur. 
cust, customs, douanes. 
cut, cutlery, coutellerie. 
dat, dative case, dattf. 
def , defective, de/ecti/. 
dial, dialling, gnomonique. 
did., didactic, didaetique. 
dipl, diplomacy, diplom,atique. 
dist, distillery, distillerie. 
dom. econ., domestic economy, economie 

draw., drawing, dessin. 
dress-m., dress-making, terme de coutu- 

dy., dyeing, teinture. 
eccl., ecclesiastical affairs, affaires eccU- 

elect, electricity, electricite. 
enam., enamelling, email. 
engin., engineering, genie civil. 
Engl., English, England, Anglais ; An- 

engr., engraving, gravure. 
ent, entomology, entomologie. 
erp., erpetology, erpetologie. 
exclam., exclamation, exclamation. 
f., feminine,yemi?iin.. 
falc, falconry, /aMconn^rt*. 
far., farriery, m,arechalerie. 
fenc., fencing, escrim^e. 
feud., feudal, feudality ,/<5o(iaZ ;feodaliti. 
fin., hntmce, finances. 
flsh., fishing, peahe. 
fort, fortification, /oKi/fcaMora. 
foss., fossUa, f OSS iles. 

Fr., French, France, Francais; France. 
fur., furriery, pelleterie. 
fut, iwlme.fatitr. 

gas., gas-lighting, eclairage ati gas. 
geog., geography, geographie. 
geol., geology, geologie.^ 
geom., geometry, geometrie. 
gla.S8., glass-making, verrerie. 
gold., goldsmith's art, work, orfevrerie, 
Gr., Greek, Grecian, Grec. 
Gr. ant, Grecian antiquity, antiquiti 

gram., grammar, grammaire. 
g. 8., good sense, en bonne part. 
gun., gunsmiths' term, terme d'armu- 

hat, hat-niaking. chapellerie. 
helm., helminthologj- (worms), helmin- 

tliologie (vers). 
her., heraldry, Mason. 
hist, history, hiatoire. 
horol., horology, horlogerie. 
hort, horticulture, horticulture. 
hunt, hunting, venerie ; chasee. 
hyg., hygiene, hygiine. 
Ujh., ichthyology, ichthyologie. 
imp , impersonal, impersonnel. 
Imperf, Imperfect tense, impnrfait. 

tnd.. Indicative mood, indicai[f. 

Inf, Infinitive mood, inflnitif. 

inst, instrument, instrument. 

int. Interjection, interjection. 

'nter., interrogatively, inter/ >0raftM 

iron., irony, ironie. 
irr., irregular, irreguUer. 
jest, jestingly, par plaisanterie. 
Jew., Jewish, Jul/. 
jewel., jewelry, ^oaiWerfa. 
join., joinery, inenuiserie. 
lap, art of the lapidary, art du lapi 

Lat, latin, latin. 
leg., legislation, legislation. 
liter., literature, litUrature. 
lit, liturgy, Uturgie. 
lock., locksmith's art, serrurerie, 
log., logic, logique. 

look., looking-glass-making, mirotterie, 
vn., masculine, maseulin. 
mach., machinery, machines. 
mak., making, fabrication. 
mam., mammalogy, mammalogie. 
man., manege, manege. 
mar. law, marine law, naval jurispr- 

dence, droit maritime. 
mas., masonry, m,aQonnerie. 
math., mathematics, matlUmatiqueg. 
meas., measure, m.esure. 
mod., medicine, medical, midedne ; < 

metal., metallurgy, metallurgie. 
metaph., metaphysics, mdtaphysiqttt. 
mil., military art, art militaire. 
mil. eng., military engineering, ginU 

mill., millrights' term, moulina. 
mln., mineralogy, mineralogie, 
moll., mollusks, mollusques. 
mus., music, musique. 
myth., mythology, mythologie. 
n., noun substantive, nom substantif. 
nat hist., natural history, histoire natu- 

nav. arch., naval architecture, construe 

tion novate. 
nav., navig., navigation, navigation. 
need., needle-work, ouvrage dVaiguiUe 
nog., negation, negatively, negation ; 

avec negation. 
neut, neuter, neutre. 
neut, neutrally, neutralement. 
nom., nominative case, nominattf. 
o., one, un. 
obj., objective case, cas objectif {acouta 

ti/, dati/'ou ablatif). 
opt, optics, optique. 
orn., ornithology, ornithologie. 
p., proper, propre. 
paint, painting, peinture. 
pa. p., participle, participe patsi 
pari., parliamentary language, tangagt 

past, pastry-cooks' term, terTTie de pd- 

pers., persons, speaking of persons, ;/ 

Sonne ; en parla7it de personnee. 
pers., perspective, perspective. 
pharm., pharmacy, pharmacie. 
philol., philology, philologte. 


phllos., philosophy, philosophie. 

phys., physics, natural philosophy, phy- 

physiol., physiology, physlologie. 

pi., plural, pluriel. 

poet., poetry, poesie. 

pol., \)o\\i\cs. politique. 

pol. econ., political economy, iconomie 

polyp., polypes, polppei. 

post, post-otfice, posies. 

jr., pronoun, pronom. 

pref.j prefix, prejixe. 

prep,, preposition, priposition. 

pros., preMDt tense, present. 

pres. p., present participle, partieipe 

pret., preterite, preterit 

print., printing, imprimerie. 

trtibl. adm., public administration, ad- 
ministration ptibUque. 

4. oh. (quelque chose), any thing, quelque 

Q. p. (qnelqae part), anywhere, gtielque 

q. n. (qnelqu'un), any one, guelqu'un. 

rail., railways, chemins de fer. 

rel., religion, religion. 

rel. ord., religious order, ordre reli- 

rept, reptiles, reptiles. 

rhet. rhetoric, rhetoriqtie. 

Eom., Eoman, Romain. 

Bom. ant., Eoman antiquity, antiquiti 

rur. econ., rural economy, iconomie ru- 

sch., scholastic, scolastique. 

sculpt, sculpture, sculpture. 

sew., sewing, couture. 

silver., silver-smith's work, orfevrerie 
d'argent. , 

sing., singular, singuUer. 

soap., soap-making, fabrication de Sa- 

spin., spinning. Mature. 

Stat, statistics, statistique. 

Bta., stationery, papeterie. 

st-boat, steam-bosta, bateaiue d va- 

Bt-eng., Bteam-englne, machinee a cd- 

sunj., subjunctive mood, subjonctif. 
subst, substantively, aubstantivement. 
sup., superlative, snperlatif. 
surg., surgery, surgical, chirur-jie ; chi 

snrv.', surveying, arpentage. 
syn., synonymes, synonymes. 
tall., tailoring, terme de t<iilleur 
tech., technology, lechnologie. 
term., termination, terminaison. 
th., things, alluding to things, chosM ; m 

parlant de choses. 
theat, theatre, the/it/ra, 
theol., theology, thioUyyia, 
univ., university, universttt. 
v., vide, see, voir. 
V. a., verb active, xerbe acHf. 
vera., versification, versification. 
ret, veterinary art, art "vcUrinatrc 
V. n., verb neuter, verbe r,exttrA. 
writ, writing, ecriture. 
zooL, zoology, zoologie. 
zoopli., soophytes, uoophytM 



BcpretMntB the repetition of the French word, ripiHtion 

du motfranffais, 
= Eepresents the repetition of the English word, repitUion 

du mot anglais, (1) 
t Antiquated, vieilli. 
% Little used, inusiU. 
I In the proper sense, literally, aupropre. 
$ In the fig^ative sense, figuratively, auflguri. 
I General acceptation, acception generate. 

Elevated style, style mmtenu. 

Poetical language, style poitii u*. 

Biblical style, religious expression, style bibllQae; JO 

pression religieuse. 
Familiar style, style familier. 
Trivial style, style trivial. 
Popular language, terme populaire. 
Low expressii-n, terme baa. 
Proverb, proverbe. 

- before flna' letters signifies that these letters are changed in the feminine into those that follow : Tkompetj-k, se, t a 
trompeur, In the masculine, and trompeuse, in the feminine. 

If. B. Wi'jn the signs, abbreviations, etc., precede the first number, they apply to all the senses of the word ; when they 
ftJlow a nunber, they are applicable to the acceptation of that number only. These signs placed after the English apply to 
tbo latter. 

Prepositions in parentheses. The French preposition used before a noun or pronoun is in small capitals, and the corres- 
finding English one in italics ; the French preposition used before a verb is in italics, and the English one Roman. Thus at 
the word Fache, (DE,/or ; de, to ; que [subj.]) signifies that before a noun or pronoun de is used in French, and for in Eng- 
lish ; Ur fdclii de quelque chose, to be sorry /or any thing ; before a verb de is used In French and to In English, or some- 
times que with the following verb in the subjunctive mood: Ure fdc?d de voir quelque chose, to be sorry to see any thing; 
je suis/dchi que ce soil ainsi, I am sorry it is so. 

Irregular verbs in parentheses. In the parentheses which follow irregular verbs, the first word Is the present participle, 
the second the past participle ; in the other parts, the moods and tenses are marked- The parts that are not Irregular are not 
given. As the imperffect of the indicative is formed ftom the present participle, the conditional from the ftatnre, and the 
Imperfect of the subjunctive from the preterit of the indicative, they are omitted Immediately after the verb, but will be found 
tn their proper alphabetical place. This observation applies equally to the imperatlva When at a verb the manner of con- 
Jngating It Is not pointed out, the verb Is regular; If ending In er, It Is conjugated Vkeparler; If In ir, Vke^ir; If In oir, 
like recevoir; If In re, like rendre. 

(1> shows that the English word ia the same sa that which tmiulatea the French word marked thus ( > the fint tlmo it ooemi in Um pal vnvi> ' U 
IHd tnt time, tSie i^ ia employed, the French 'oid may be tnuulated by either of the iEogliah efalnklcDta giveii bctlre. 



It being impossible to represent with exactness all the French sounds by any letter or combination 
of letters in the English language, and any such attempt having a tendency rather to mislead than 
assist the pupil, it has been deemed expedient in this work to make reference to French key-worde 
alone, as will be seen in the line running at the head of each page in Part I. If the pronunciation ol 
these twenty-two key-words be acquired correctly from a teacher, this Dictionary will enable even a 
beginner to pronounce without difficulty every word in the language. For the benefit of those, how- 
ever, who have not the means of thus becoming acquainted with them by imitation, an explanation ol 
the Key is subjoined, in which those sounds that are not common to the two languages are approxi 
mately represented by combinations calculated to impart the most correct idea of tliem to ai. 
English ear. 


A o In the French key-word mal Is pronounced like a In fat. 



mdU " 

a In /an 



a in fate. 



e in tliere. 


e In thsre (prolonged). 



M In tub. 



i in pin. 



6 in me. 

mol " 

in not. 




in no. 



moH " 

in nor. 


awe has no English equivalent ^ 








jour is pronounced 

like 00 in moor. 



00 in moor (prolonged). 




jeu " 

M in tubi 



je&ne " 

u in tiib (prolonged).' 



peur " 

M In hurn.i 




pan " 

en In encore.'* 




pin " 

an in saiig.^ 




hon " 

on in sonff.'i 





un in sung A 


It* Uquld 


Ui in brilUant 


ffn* " 

gn In mignonette. 

jgP" A word to which no pronunciation is assigned, is sounded like the one which immediately 

I Wltes the English letter i Is pronounced, the tongue becomes widened in the direction of the cheeks, so that it touches 
the first molars. While it is in this position, advance both lips a little, shutting them at the same time In such a manner as 
t leave a narrow oval passage fbr the breath. This movement will lightly press the tongue between the molars, and its tip 
against the fore-teeth of tlie Inferior Jaw. Then let the breath pass, and you have the French u. The circumflex placed 
iver tills letter merely prolongs Its sound. 

The nenreet i^proxlmatlon. 





omrJ; dmale; ^fee; efuve; efote; eje; til; iile; omol; Smole; 5 mort; msuc; iisftre; OMJour; 
oil jodte; ewjeu; ?iljeiine; ipeur; an. pan; ipin; ojtbon; wrabnin; *iniq.; 'gn liq. 


A [i] n. m. (first letter of the alpha- 
bet) a. 

Panse d" , 1. B oval part ofan-=; 2. 
I stroke ; first stroke. N'avoir pas fait 
ane panse cV , not to luive done a 
ttroke of a. th. ; to have done nothing 
at all. No savoir ni ni B, not to 
know A from B; ^ not to know a B 
frym a ImlVsfoot. 

A, ind. pres. 3d sing, of Avoir. 

A. (At)breviation of Altkssk, ITlgh- 
r.esa) IT. 

A, [privative prefix In words derived 
f.JiU Greek: Acepiiale, acephalous 
[ * [thojit a hsad)] a...; without. 

A [a] prep. 1. 8 (of place) to (with mo- 
tion towards) ; 2. II (of place) at (witliont 
motScn towards); 3. B (of place) in (with- 
out motion towards) ; 4. || in (within) ; 5. 
\% on; 6. S on (on the surface of) ; 7. 
to; 8. at: 9. in; 10. II hy ; 11. 
ivith; 12. withQyy means of); 13. %for; 

14. /o/' (used for, intended for) : 15. . . . 
(used for, intended for); 16. o/" (belong- 
ing to, possessed by); 'a; 17. (of car- 
riages) and (drawn by ... horses) ; 18. 
(with certain verbs) from; \0. accord- 
tng to ; 20. (preceding an Infinitive) to; 
21. (with other words forms adverbial 
phrases); 22. (with qui, and in exclama- 
tions, expletive). 

1. Aller'ti'iin lien nn autre, to go from one 
p'ace to another. -1. Demeiirer Versailles, to re- 
tide at rermilles. 3. Vivre Paris, to lire in 
Pari,. 4. fitre l,less6 la tSte on I'^faule, to be 
vov.ndct in ikt head or in ihi sh'M'iltr. 6. ( - 
gf-noux, on o.' knees ; J pieJ, on foot ; | che- 
vttl, on horse-back; son retour, on o.' return. 
S. Porter im bracelet au bras, to wear a bracefet nn 
o.' arm. 7. Donner q. ch. q. u., to give a. th. 
to a. o, ; ^crire ou parler q. u., to ivrke or to 
speak to a. o. ; appartcnir q. \\.,to belong to a. 
0. 8. line telle ^poqne, at such a lime ; sa 
inert, at his death. 9. An matin ou au s ir, in 
tit morning or in th*r evening ; IVncre, au cray- 
on, in ink, in pencil ; itrriver tempsj to arrive in 
lime; Mre la mn{f,to be in the Jashii^n. 10. 
fioutte ffoutte, drop by drop ; un un, one by 
bne ; Pann6e, by the year; au poids, by weight ; 

feon air, bv his look. 11. bras ouverts, with 
open arms; Vhomme la barbe, the man with a 
htard ; une tattle tiroir, a table with a dra irfr. 

15. Se battre I'fpde ou au pistolet, to Jig hi 
with rjpords or with pistols. 13. C'est vons a 
jrler, it is for tjou to speak. 14. Un march6 
Tolaillc, a market fr pou'tru; a pmdtrti-market. 

5. Un sac ouvrsgw, a ipork-box ; une bnuteille 

vin, a v^iu-bcttle ; du bois bru'er, Jire-wo-td. 
li. Avoii une maison soi, to have a h"use of 
t.*i incn ; Totre devoir tons, the dut>/ of utm ail ; 
telle maison est mon pire ou moi, /A/s house 
u myfather'u or mine ; tout vous, voMrs trulg. 

1. Une voiture qiiatre chevaux, a carriage and 
I'our. 18. Otcr q. ch. q. u.^ to take a. th. from 
II. o. 10. mon gout, according to mu taste. 20. 
Mairon vendre, hiuse to be sold ; cela est 
TSitidre. that ii to be feared. 21. baa, down ; 
oK. ^frtmgfulhi ; reculons, backwards. 22. C*' flt 

fjui amvera it- premier, let us s^e icjut will be the 
An! to arrive, Au feu ^ it re / Paasassin! mur- 
ir- / la srarde ! loatch : 

A 4. (Abbreviation of Altisses, ni(jh- 
anoM'W) U. 



] ABACA [a-ba-ka] n. m. abaca; Ma- 
nilla hemp. 

ABACUS [o-ba-kna] n. m. (matli.) aba- 

ABAISSE [a-bJ-.] n. f (culin.) hoOom, 
under crust. 

ABAISSEMENT ra-bJ-.-man] n. m. 1. 
II lowering; 2. 1 filling; 3. | letting 
doicn; 4. ji putting down; 5. 1 bringing 
dcicn; 6. J casting aoion; 7. I taking 
doicn ; 8. |1 pulling dmcn ; 9. || throwing 
do^on; 10. I sinking ; sinking down; 
11. 1 weighing down; 12. 1 subsiding; 
13. aJiateinent; diminution; 14. 
(pers.) lowering; depression; hum- 
bling; 1 bringing down; '[fetching 
down ; + boicing down ; 15. (b. s.) 
abasement; debasement; 16. (b. s.) 
stooping (to); 17. % {h. s.) demeatiing ; 
IS. (alg.) (of an equation) depression ; 
19. (astr.) (of the horizon, of the pole) 
depression ; 20. (surg.) (of the cataract) 

volontaire, self-abasement ; sous 
rtiorizon, (astr.) (of a star) depression. 
Operation de la cataracte par , (surg.) 
couching ; proc6d6 par , (surg.) (of 
the cataract) couching. 

ABAISSEU [a-bJ-8] V. a. 1. 1 <o lower 
(cause to be less high) \%\to let down ; 
draw down; 3. I to pxct doion; 4. to 
bring down; 5. j to cast dmcn; 6. || to 
take dozen ; 7. | to pull do^cn ; 8. II to 
throve doion ; 9 i| to weigh down ; 10. 
to abate; to dimi:iish; 11. fi lower; 
to depress; to humble; *! to bring 
dotan ; ^ to fetch down ; -\- to bote 
down ; 12. (b. s.) to abase ; to debase ; 
13. to vilifi/i' 14. (alg.) to reduce (an 
equation); 15. (geom.) to let, /'all; 16. 
(nav.) to strike (a mast); 17. (past) to 
roll (a paste) ; 18. (surg.) to couch (a 

I. une route, to lower a road. 9. Abais^et 
les sIor*8, draw the blinds down. 5. ses reg^iirds, 
to cast down o.^s eijes. 

Abaisse, e, pa. p. V. senses of 

Non , (F. senses) unabcsed; un- 

S'abaisser, pr. v. 1. J to lower; 2. 
to fall ; 8. II to let down ; 4. || to take 
down; 5. || to sink; to sink dozen; 6. II 
to weigh down ; 7. H to subside ; 8. 
(pers.) to lotcer o.'s self; to hu/tnble o.'s 
self; 9. (pers.) (a, devant, to, before) 
to stoop; 10. (b. s.) (pcis.) to demean 
o.'s self; 11. to slope down. 

i. Sa yoix s'abaissa, his voice M] 11. Le ter- 
rain s*abaisse vers la mer, the land slopes down 
towards the sea. 

Qui ne s'aoaisse pas, (F. senses) 
(pers.) vnstooping. 

ABAISSEUR [a-bJ-.eur] adj. (anat) (of 
the muscles) depriment. 


Muscle ^, (anat.) depressor ; depri" 
onent muscle. 

ABAISSEUR, n. m. ("anat) depressor. 

ABAJOUE [a-ba-jofi] n. f (inam ) 
2>ouch in the cheek {ot certain animals); 
pjouch; gill; gills. 

ABANDON [a-ban-d6n] n. m. 1. II (ac- 
tion) abandonment ; abandoning ; 2. 
(state) abandonment; 3. \ forsaking ; 
4. II desertion ; 5. ( forlornness ; 6. ( 
quitting; leaving; 7 | surrender; 
giving up; yielding zip; ? reli'i- 
quishment; 9. iremcnciation; >flvut>] 
over, zip ; 10. ease; -jnconstrai'M ; \ \ 
unreserved confidence; ccnftd^nao; 
12. (law) abandoning ; 13. (law) J^i>si- 

10. Un dans les mani^rcs, ease, jnconrtraii'i 
in o.'s manners. 11. Purler avcc , tit speak ickA 
unreserved contidence. 

A r , 1. at r and wn ; 2. in confusion ; 
in disorder ; Z^" at sia-es and'secens ; 

3. (b. s.) to shift for o.'s self; to take 
care ofo.^s self; 4 (mar.) adrift. Fain- 
un , to make a szirreiuler ; faire uu 
de, to z/ield up, to make over (goods 
to a creditor) ; laisser i 1' , (V.b, 1' ) to 
abandon ; se livrer avec (a), to liKeit- 
riate (in). 

ABANDONNATAIRE [a-ban-do-n* 
tJ-r] n. m. f. (law) relessee. 

ABANDONNi; [a-ban-do-n] n. m. E, 
n. f. X profligate; reprobate; aban- 
doned wretch. 

ABANDONNElSrENT [a-ban-do-n-man] 

n. m. 1. i (action) abandonment ; aban- 
doning ; 2. I (state) abandonment; 8 

I surrender; giving zip; yielding up, 

4. 5 reliziqzdshment ; renunciation, 
giving over, zip ; 5. (b. s.) prqfligacy , 
6. (law) abandoning ; surrender. 

St;n, Abandoxnemk.nt. abdicatio.n', rexoncia. 
Tiox, pfcMissioN. Altandonnement )d used in connec- 
ti n with that which we are no^ capable or deti. of retaining; abdication, witn that which w 
are no longer in a cn^dition to maintain ; renonci- 
alion, with that we ^-ield in consideralioB 
of Something better; demission, with a stnti'is 
whose duties we can no longer perform with honor 
or satisfaction. We make an abandonnement of pro- 
pertv; an abdication of dignity or power; j rvn./f^ 
ciation o{ rights or pretensions; Ademisiiou of t: 
prt or situation. 

ABANDONNER [a-ban-do-ni!] v. % (i, 

to) 1. II to abandon; 2. 1 to forsako; Z. 

II to desert; 4 || to qztit; to leave; (\ 
to surrender ; to yield up ; to give up, 
6. 1 to relinqutih ; to renouatce; to o^w 
over; to lay by; to lay down; to 
throw by ; 7. II to deliver over, up ; io 
give over, zip ; 8. 1! to give zip ; tj leave; 
9. II to let go ; 10. to explode ; 11. to 
fail ; 12. to set (a horse) at .full speed; 
13. to give over, up (a patient) ; 14 (law) 
to release; to reiuise; 15. (ocsn. nav.) 
to abandon. 

1. sea enfarts on ses parents, io alymdon .*i 
cki^dre.i or o.U parents. 3. sea a:m ou JCn 




a inal; d male; e fee; e fove; e fete; ^jo; ii\; I ile; o m< 1; 6 mole; 6 mort; ?< sue; z( sure; om jour, 

-*nipagnon8, to forsake n.^sf'tends or eompanJons. 
I, line pretention, to relinquish a c^aiui ; les 
Brmee, to fay down amns. 9. une corde, to let 
rope. 10. La ductrnie est abandontt-e, the 

ttocirine is exploded. 11. Son courage Vabandoniu 
iij cenrape fails him. 

U partle, to give it up. Personne 
qui abandonne, ( V. senses) 1. ahandon- 
er ; 2. (law) releasor. EaXra , ( J', sori- 
ri) to sufffsede. 

Ibandonne, e, pa. p. (K senses 
(A Abandon'nek) 1. unswayed; 2. ex- 
^hded (abandoned); 3. (iaw) ahan- 
Goned; 4. (law) derelict. 

Non , 1. unforsaken ; 2. unsiirren- 
dered. Objet , (law) derelict. 

S'abandosner, pr. v. (i.) 1. | to 
(Mrrender o.'s self (to); to give, to yield 
o.'s self up (to) ; 2. to abandon o.'s 
self (to) ; to give, to yield o.'s self up 
(to) ; 3. to give way (to) ; 4. to gra- 
tify o.''s self {in) ; to indulge, to indulge 
o.'s self (in, tciih) ; 5. (b. s.) tc addict 
o.'s ielf(to) ; 6. to betake o.'s self (to) ; 
7. (b. s.) to give loose (to) ; 8. to trust 
(to) ; to commit o.'s self (to) ; 9. to be 
easy, unconstrained ; 10. (of drivers) to 
drive a7Dj/. 

ABANNA-TION [a-ba-na-sion] n. f. t 

(crim. law) ahannition ; banishmentfor 
a year. 

ABANTIADES [a-bin-ci-a-d] p. n. m. 
(class.) Abantiades (patronymic of 
Perseus and other kings of Argcs). 

ABANTIAS [a-ban-i-i-A] p. n. f. (class.) 
Abantias (patronymic of Danae and 

ABAl'TISTE [a-ba.ti.-t] n. m. + 
(snrp.) trepan ; ahaptiston. 

ABAQUE [a-ba-k] n. m. 1. (arch.) aha- 
Oils; 2. (math.) abacus; 3. (sculp.) 
raised table. 

ABAETICULATION [a-bar-ti-ku-Ia- 

!6n] n. (anat.) abarticukttion; diar- 

ABAS [a-bas] s. m. abas (Persian 
a iicht for pearls). 

ABASOUKDIPv [a-ba-ur-dir] V. a 1 1. 

'i7 6tun; to deafen; 2. to astound; 
li" strike duinb. 

ABATAGE [a-ba-ta-j] r. m. 1. cutting 
( f trees) ; 2. felling (of tix es) ; 8. sla ugh- 
k,>'ing (of animals); killing ; 4. pulling 
dmtn (of houses); 5. (nav.) heaving 
down; careening; 6. (m^cih.) jwicer. 

6. Avec un grand levier, on a plus d' qu'avec 
Bii petit, with a hug lever yuu have greater power 
tkcin with a short one. 

A BAT ANT [a-ba-tSn] n. m. 1. (mova- 
ble) sash ; 2. leaf (of a table or counter). 

ABATAKDHi [abS-tar-dir] V. a to 
debase ; to corrupt; to render degene- 

Abatardi, e, pa p. 1. degenerate ; 
liebased; 1. half-blooded. 

Non , tmdebased. 

S'abatakdik, pr. v. to degenerate. 

ABATAEDISSEMENT [a-ba-tar-di-s- 
niiii] n. m. degeneracy ; debasement. 

ABAT-ClIAUVi:E [a-ba-.h6-ve] n. f. 

ABATEE [a-ba-t] n. f. (nav.) casting; 
fulling off. 

Eaiie son , to cast; to fall off. 

ABAT-FAIM [u-ba-nn] n. m., pi 1 
nibHtiintial, large joint (of meat). 

ABAT-FOIN [a-ba-foin] n. m. (asxic.) 
opening over a hay-rack (through 
which the hay is put in). 

ABATIS [A ba-ti] n. m. 1. demolition; 
pulling dotcn; 2. felling; cutting 
down ; 3. (pi.) things pulled dou-n ; 4. 
(pi.) (of poultry) giblets; 5. slaughter ; 
U. (nunt) abature. 

tn rafoflt. steQcejl giblets. 

AUAT-JOUK fb-jour] n. m., pi , 
I. (uTch.) sky-light; 2. refiertor ; 3. (of 
L'.ini>3, etc.) shade; 4. (of prl.sons, vaults) 

A3AT0S [a-ba-toil p. n. m. 1.(aDc.eeog.) 
Abatot (. rocky l.sland In the Nile); 2. 
rmyth.) Abatos (one of the horses of 
Plato); 8. (astr.) ^'/(7to(acon.stellation). 

Abats, ind. pre.s. 1st, 2d sing. ; Impcra 
M. sing, of AnATTRE. 

ABATS [a-ba] n. m. (pi.) (butch.) offal. 

AB.\TTf/E. V. Abater. 

ABATTEMENT [ ba umSn] n. ra. ^ 
fvi the br.dy) lowncsa; prohtration. of 

strength; 2 (of the mind) dejectedness ; 
depression qf spirits ; despondency ; 
depressed, low spirits; lowness of 
spirits; * heart-heaviness ; 8. (her.) 
abatement; 4. (ined.) collapse; pros- 
tration of strength ; depression of pow- 

d'honneur, (her.) abatement; 
des forces, (med." ( II ). Dans 1" , 1. in 
a low state ; 2. loic-spirited ; dejected ; 
desjyonding ; * spiritless; 3. faint- 
hearted. Jeter dans 1" , to deject; * to 
cast doicn ; to t, . ik" to render low- 
spirited ; 4 io put out i,f rj''"i<; ^ to 
bnng a. o. low ; repandre 1' i,oa ), to 
cast down, ^ to strike a damp (upon) ; 
tomber dans 1' , 1. to get lotc ; 2. to lose 
o.'s spirits ; to become dejected, low- 
spirited. Qui jetto dans 1' , depres- 

ABATTEUR [a-ba-tcnr] n. m. feUer 
(of wood). 

C'est un grand de qullles, II he is a 
famous hand at nine-pins, ^ he does 
up a job in no time, (iron.) he's a great 

ABATTOIR [a-ba-toar] n. m. 1. slaugh- 
ter-house; 2. ''abattoir' (public slaugh- 

ABATTRE [a-ba-tr] V. a irreg. (conj. 
like Battre) 1. 1 to throne down; to 
take down ; 2. || to lay low ; 3. [ || to get, 
to have down ; 4. |1 to knock doicn ; 5. J 
to pull doicn ; to pluck doicn ; 6. J to 
let doicn; 1. || to fell; 8. 1 to cut doicn; 
9. II to Jieic down; 10. || to hew off; 11. 
to strike down; to lay low; 12. | to 
strike off; 18. | to cleave down ; 14. II to 
m&io down; 15. || to hack dozen; 16. || 
to dig down; IT. || to break down; IS. 
II to beat doicn; 19. || to push doum ; 20. 
II to lay down ; 21. || to lay ; 22. || to 
slaughter (an anim<il); to kill; 2.3. to 
overthrow; to subvert; 24 to de- 
press (a o.); to bring (a. o.) lozc, ^ 
down ; to humble ; 25. to deject (a o.) ; 
to render, to make (a. o.) low spirited ; 
to put (a o.) out qfspiirits; ^ to dash; 
26. (surg.) to couch (a cataract). 

en car5ne, to careen (a ship). Un 
vaisseau dur a , a stiff' ship. 

S" A BATTRE, pr. v. 1. | tu fall doicn ; to 
come down ; 2. to abate ; 3. (of birds) 
to alight; 4. (of birds of prey) to stoop ; 
to make a stoop ; 6. (of horses) to break 
doicn; 6. (of a storm) to burst; 1. (pt 
the wind) to abate ; to subside ; 8. (of 
the spirits) to be cast down, dejected. 

Qui ne s'abat pas, ( V. senses) unabat- 
ing ; that does not abate. 

ABATTRE, v. n. irreg. (conj. like 
Battre) 1. (cards) to lay down o.'s 
cards, 2. (nav.) to saving; to cast. 
Faire , laisser , ( V. senses) (nav.) 
to let swing ; to let cast. 

ABATTU, E [a-ba-tu] adj. (V. senses 
of Auattre and S'abattre) I. de- 
pressed ; low (without strength); 2. 
dejected; spiritless; low-spirited ; out 
of spirits ; Z. faint-hearted ; *{ down- 
hearted ; 4. humbled ; t crest-fallen. 

Non , 1. unabated; 2. unbroken; 
3. undeprejised. 

ABATTUEE8 [i-ba-til-r] n. f. (pi.) 
(hunt.) abature; foiling. 

ABAT-VENT [a-ba-vin] n. m., pi. , 
(of steeples) penthouse. 

ABAT-VOIX [a-ba-voa] n. m., pi., 
1. reflector of tlie voice ; 2. (of a pulpit) 
sounding-boa rd. 

ABBASSIDES [a-ba-si-d] p. n. m., (pi.) 
Abbassides (37 caliplis descended from 
Abbas, uncle of Mahomet\ 

ABBATIAL, E [a-ba-si-ai] adj. aWa- 
tical ; abbtttial. 

ABBATIAL, n. m. abbey. 

A KB A YE [a-bi-il n. f. abbei/. 

Administration d"une , abbacy. 

ABBE [n-W] 1. m. abbe; abbot. 

Dignite, fontt.ons (pi.) d' , abbot- 

ABBESPE r.bJ..] n. t. abbess. 

Bignltt (sing), ("onctions (pi.) d' , ah- 
hotship, wing. 

ABC la-bd-i/l n. m. 1. | a 7> c (al- 
piiabet); 2. spelling-book ; primer. 

ttre h V (de), to be at the ah c (of) 
remettre q. u. a 1', to put a o. back t: 
his ==; renvoyer q. u. a Y , to refer a 
o. to his =. 

ABCEDER [ab-sd.d4] V. n. (med.) tc 
form into an abscess. 

A BCi:S [ab-s] n. m. (med.) absc-.-^vc. 

P'ormer un , (med.) to Jbrm. ar. r= ; 
to gather; vider un , to i^mot/ i'le 
contents of an =:. 

ABCISSE. V. Abscisse. 

ABDALAS [ab-dala]p. n. m. (pi.) Ab 
dais (religious enthusiasts of Persia). 

ABDERE [ab-de-r] p. n. (anc. gc( 



ABDIAS [ab-di as] p. n. m. Obadiah. 

ABDICATION [ab-di-kA-sion] n. f. t 
abdication : 2. t (law) disinlieritance. 

Faire , to abdicate ; to give up. 

ABDIQUER [ab-di-ke] v. a to a&a"t- 

ABDIQUER, V. n. to abdicate. 

ABDOLONYME [ab-do-lo-ni-m] p. I 
m. (class.) Abdalonhnus. 

ABDOMEN [ab-do-men] n. m. (anut.) 
abdomen; venter. 

ABDOMINAL, E [ab-do-mi-nal] adj. 
(aat.) abdominal ; abdominous. 

ABDUCTEUR [ab-duk-teur] adj. (anat.) 

Muscle , = muscle. 

ABDUCTEUR, n. m. (anat.) abduc- 

ABDUCTION [ab-diik-sion] n. f 1. (log.) 
abduction ; 2. (physiol.) abduction. 

ABECEDAIRE [a-b-a-de-r] adj. 1. I 
alphabetical (order); 2. ^of'ab c. 

AB6c:6DAIR, n. m. speUing-book ; 


AB^QUER [a-M-ki] v. a (of birds) to 
feed (witli the beak). 

AB6E [a-bo] n. f (mill.) tiiiU-dam. 

ABEILLE [a-bi-i] n. f. (ent.) bee. 

domestique, honey, hive = ; ou 
%Ticrc, working = ; bourdon, hum- 
ble = ; mere, mere , roine , quci-n 
z= ; de ruche, hive =.. Elovenr d* r, 
= -master; ess.iim d' s, swarm of-zs; 
herbe aus s. (bot.) meadow-mt<el : 
pain d" s, = -bread; ruche d' s, ":- 
hive. D' , commeles s,-=-like. Ca- 
rillonner les .s, to ring =s. 

AB^NilVIS [a-b* n(5-vi] n. m. t (feud.) 
privilege granted by a lord of a ma- 
nor to a tenant, to divert the course of 
a stream, for irrigation, fcc. 

ABERRATION [a-b^r-ra-.ion] n. f 1. 
aberration ; 2. (sciences) aberration. 

de reft-angibilito, (opt.) Neictonian 
=. Ccrcle d" , (astr., opt ) crown of=^. 

ABfiTIR [a-b-tir] v. a to stultify; to 

S'abetik, pr. V. to become stultified, 
stupefied; to get, to grow stupid. 

ABTIR, V. n. to become, grow stu- 

AB HOC ET AB IlAC [a-bo-k-ta-bak] 
adv. *f (It random. 

ABIIORRANT [abftr-ran] p. n. m. 
(liist. of Ensl.) Abhor rer. 

ABHORRER [a.i6r-ri] V. a to abhor: 
to hold in horror ; to loathe; to detest 

Personne qui abhorre, abhorrer; 

ABIGSAT [a-bi-j6-a] n. m. (crim. Iaw1 
robberif of cattle. 

ABljSlE [a-bi-ml n. m. 1. 5 abyss; 2. 
\ -f ** deep ; hell; 3. unfai/wmable 
depth ; 4. mine ; treasury. 

ABlMEli [a-bi-mf] V. a l.'l to casting 
to an abyss ; 2. || to swallow up ; &. 5 
to overwhelm : (. to ruin (a o.); fc 
undo; 6. ^ 8 In damage; to spoil (t. 
th.); to ruin: 6. 1to cut (a o.) i>; 
pieces (to cens::re) ; -;- to cut (a. o.) ijtp, 
to cut (a 0.) uji to nothing. 

S'abS.mer, pr. V. ( V. senses cf ABtsiri;, 
to be lost (in) (give o.'s self up to). 

AB INTESTAT [a-bin-tfs-ia] adv .law) 
(of tlie heir) intestate; ahhitextatt 

Succession , 1. intestacy; 2. intes- 

AB IRATO [a-bi-ra-to] adv. in aft ?/ 

AB-IRRITATION [a-blr-rl.lA.i.ISn] n 
f. (ined.) dimi.nntion o.fthe j.h-ynomem 
(j/life ; absence qj irrltatityi. 




o/i joilte; eujea; ewjeilne; *pcur; an pan; In pin; on hon; un hmn; *llli(i. ; *gn li<j. 

A15JECT, E [ab-jek, I] adj. abject; 
vile; base; mean. 

Dune nianiore e, abjecUij ; vilely ; 
basely; meanli/. 

ABJECTION [ub-j!)k sioni n. f. 1. ab- 
jection; 2. ahjectn^sH ; viieness; base- 
ness; meanness; S. -\- outcast. 

Avec , abjectly; vilely; basely; 

AliJURATION [ab-ju-ra ion] n. 1. 
I 'juration; 2. (liist of Engl.) abjura- 
! \c/)i. 

Faire da, to abjure. 

ABJUUiVTOUiE [ab-ju-ra-loar] adj. 

AB.HIKER [ttb-jn-r6l V. a. to abjure. 
Personne qui alyure ahjurer. 
ABjfisE, E, fLO. p. abjured. 
Non , una}i)ured. 
ABLACTATION [ablakta-aioa] n. f. 

'med.) ablactation. 

ABLAQUE r.i.bia-k] n. f. ardassintK. 

ABLATIF [a-bla-tit] n. in. (gram.) 
ablative; ablative case. 

absolu, ablative absolute. A 1" , 
in the =, case ; de T , of the --^, =: 
case : ablative. 

ABLATION [-bla..i6n] n. f (surg.) 

ABLATIVO [a-bift-ti-vo] adv. ^~ 
higgled i/-p iggledi/. 

ABLE [a-bl] n. la 

ABLETTE [a biJi-t] n. f. (ich.) ablet; 
ablen; bleak; white bait; blay. 

ABL6GAT [a-bU-ga] n. m. 'legate's 

ABLEKET [a-bU-re] n. m. (fish.) 

ABLUEll (a-Uu i] V. a. to wash with 

ABLUTION [a-bii-8ion] n. f. 1. ablu- 
tion; 'l.-\- (dilution; 3. (liyg.) ablution. 

Faire ses s, to perform o.''s :=,"(. 

ABNEGATION [ab-n6-g.i-.icn] n. f. 1. 
alnegatio?! ; 1. self-denial. 

de S( i-iiiLine, self-denial. Faire 
U\ ) renounce; to lay, to set asidy 

ABNOKMAL, E [ab-nor-mal] aoj. r. 

.': i.CSMAL. 

AIJOI [-loa] n. nn. 1. %barlcing; 
Uirk; 2. ~e, (pi.) (hunt.) bay. 

Au.'s s, 1. 1 at bay ; 2. hard up ; 
lie graiid , deep-mouthed, fitre aii.x 
s, 1. 1 to be, to stand at bay ; 2. to 
be h<i7'd up ; mettre aux s, to hold, to 
keep at bay. 

ABOIEMENT [a-bo-m5n], 

ABOlMENT, n. m. 1. bark; i. bark- 

ABOLIR [a-bo-!ir] V. a. to abolish; 1 
'o do away icith. 

Personne qui abolit, abolisher (o/'Y 

Aboi.i, e [a bo-U] pa. p. abolished; ^ 
done away icith. 

Non , unabolislud . 

8'aboi.iii, pr. v. to fall into disuse. 

ABOLISSABLE [a-bo-lUa-bl] adj. abo- 

Non , nnaholishable. 

ABOLISSEMENT [a-bo-li-.-man] n. m. 

ABOLITION [a-bo-li-sion] n. f. 1. abo- 
lition; 2. indemnity (prince's pardon). 

ABOLITIONISTiE [a-bo-Ii-si-o-nk-t] n. 
m. f. abolitionist. 

ABOMINABLE [a-bo mi-n-bl] adj. {de, 
to; que. [subj.]) (d/ominable. 

ABOMINABLEMENT [tt-bo-mi-na-bls 
mil.] adv. abominably. 
.ABOMINATION [a-bo-mi-na-.ion] n. f. 
1. (DE, of, to) nboynination ; 2. abomi- 
nahleneas ; 3. abominable crime. 

Avoir en , to hold in abomination ; 
(de) to abominate (to); 6tre en , to be 
abiytninated ; coininettre des s, to 
commit idiominahle crimes. 

ABONDAMMENT [a-bo-i-da-mSn] adv. 
L abundantly; in abundance; 2. 
pknteously ; 3. amply; copiously ; 

ABONDANCE [a-bsndiin-.] n. f. 1. 
abundance; ufflaence; 2. plenty; * 
plenteousness ; .3. ampleness; copious- 
ness ; richness : 4. (of language) difu- 
Hven ess ; b. {of a recast) heartiness; 6. 
0^" (scliools) weak rcine and water. 

Grande , 1. great abundance ; plen- 
V ." 2. luitturiance . Come d' , (myth.) 

horti of plenty ; cornucopia. D' , 1. ** 
plenteous ; 2. (of speecli) offhand : avec 
grande , 1. zcith great abundance, 
plenty ; 2. luxuriantly ; en , in abun- 
dance ; plentiful ; plenty. Avoir de, 
to Itave an abundance of; ecrire, par- 
ler d" , to icrite, to sjyeak extempore ; 
rijpandre 1" (sur), to scatter, to spread 
almndance {over) ; de biens ne nuit 
pa,s, store is no sore. 

ABONDANT, E [a-bdn-Jiin, t] adj. 1. 
abundant ; 2. plentiful; * plenteous; 
3. ample; copious; rich; 4. (of a re- 
past) /(*<// ," 5. {oX &\ic(icX\) voluble ; G. 
(of style) diffusive. 

TiX'S - , 1. very=^; 1. luxuriant. 

A BON Dial [a-b5n-dc] V. n. (de, kn, 
in, ^cith) to abound ; to be abundant. 

dans le sens de q. u., to concur in 
an opinion witli a. o. 

ABONNI<; [a-bo-n] n. m., E, l. (de, 
to) subscriber (to periodicals). 

ABONNEMENT [a-bo-n-man] n. m. 
(de, to) subscriptio7i (to periodicals). 

Prendre un a, to subscribe to ; to 
take a subscription to. 

ABONNEK [a-bo-n] V. a. to subscribe 

q. u. a q. cb., to subscribe for a. o. to a. th, 

S'ahon.vek. pr. v. (.\, to) to subscribe 
(to periodicals) 

On s'abonne . . . , subscriptions are re- 
ceived .... 

ABONNIU [u bo-nir] v. a I to improve 
(.1. til. bad). 

S'.\BONN'iK, pr. V. t to improve. 

ABONNIU, y. n. t to improve; to 

ABORD [a-bor] R. m. (de, to) 1. ap- 
proach; 2. access; 3. arrival; land 
ing ; 4. resort (of persons). 

Au premier , 1. 1 on o.'s first ap- 
proach; 2 at first view ; dun dilH- 
cile, facile, difficult, easy of access ; d' , 
de prime , \. first; at first ; at first 
ight ; 2. at once ; tout d" 'i.first and 
foremost. D' que, as soon as. Avoir 
V . . . , \. to be . . . of access ; 2. to have 
a . . . nutnner. 

ABORD ABLE [a-bor-da-bl] adj. 1. ap- 
proachable; 2. accostable ; 3. acces- 

tre , to ?ie easy of access. 

ABORD AGE [a-bor -da-j] n. m. (nav.) 

1. (by accident) running foul ; 2. (as an 
enemy) boarding. 

Marin qui va a 1' , boarder. Sur le- 
quel on peut tenter 1' , boardahle. Al- 
ter a r , to go boarding. 

ABORDEH [a-bor-d] V. a. 1. to ap- 
proach ; 2. to accost (a. o.) ; 3. to broach 
(a. til.) ; to enter on, upon ; 4. (nav.) to 
touch ; 5. (nav.) to scuttle; 6. (nav.) (ac- 
cidentally) to run foul of; to fill aboard 
of; 7. (nav.) (as an enemy) to board. 

S. unt^ question, line ditlicull^, to broach a 
qnestion, a diJficuUy. 

par accident, to run foul of; to fall 
aboard of. Que Ton peut , (nav.) 

S'abokder, pr. V. {V. senses of Abor- 
der) 1. to run against each other; 2. 
(nav.) to run, to fall foul of each other. 

ABORDER [a-bor-d^.] v. h. 1. to land; 

2. (nav.) (a, ...) to reach (the ship). 

[Aboupkr is cotij. with awir when it uxjirpssoj 
an artion ; wlien it denotes a state it lakes 'tre.] 

ABORDEUR [a-bor-deur] n. m. (nav.) 

ABORIQi;NES [n-bo-ri-je-n] n. m. (pi.) 
aborigines ; aboriginals. 

D' , of=: : aboriginal. 

ABORNEMENT [a-bor-n-min] n. m., 
fixing of boundaries. 

ABORTI-F, VE [a-bor-tif, i-v] adj. 1. 
abortive ; 2. (bot.) abortive. 

ABOT [a-b5] n. m. tether ; hopples. 

ABOUClIEMENT [a-bon-sh-man] n. m. 
1. t interview ; 1. (anat.) anastomosis. 

A BOUCHER [a-boii-sh] v. a. to bring 
'.ogether ; to effect an interview be- 

ensemble, =. 

S"a BOUCHER, pr. v. 1. to have an in- 
terview ; 2. (anat.) to inosculate. 

ABOUT [a-boii] n. m. (carp.) end. 

ABOUTIR [a-bo'i-tir] V. n. (th.) 1. \ (a) 
to come out {into) (end) ; 2. 1 (a, . . .) to 

meet (at the end) ; 3. (a) to end (If i) 
to come {to); 4. (of an abscess) to h'\<uc 

N" -A rion, to come to nothing Kiiin 
, to bring (an ab.scess) to a h<:ad. A 
qiioi aboutit tout cela? what is tV) i/.tiJ, 
T drift of all that t 

S'ABouxrK, pr. v. (hort.) to biul. 

,ABOUTISSANT, E [a-bou,t] it]^ 
(A, on) bordering. 
ABOUTISSANT, [a-hou-ti-.-'in] n. n< 

1. I abuttal; 2. ^particular ; detail, 
3. (pers.) connection ; acquaintance. 

Savoir tons les tenants et s de q. ch., 
to know all the particulars of a. th. ; U 
know all about a. th. 

"AB OV^O" [above] &i\v. from the be- 
ginning, first. 

ABO V ANT, E [.n-boa-iSn, t] adj. bark- 

ABOYER [ft-boa-i(;] v. 1 J (a, apres, 
CONTRE, at) to hark; 2. (a, apret, 
cot tre) to bay; 3. (a, ..> to dun {a 

ABOYEUR [a boa-ieur] n. m. 1. i bark- 
er ; 2. (pers.) snarler; 3. (pers.) (of 
creditors) du7i ; 4. (orn.) greenshank. 

ABRASION [a-brA-zio.i] n. (med.) 1. 
abrasion; 2. superficial ulceration (cf 
the skin or intestines). 

ABREGfi [a-brd-jo] n. m. 1. B (of books) 
abridgment ; compendium; epitoms ; 

2. abridgment ; epitome; abstract; 

3. S brief short account. 

A uteur d'un , abridger; epitomizer. 
En , 1. (,f, abridgment; 2. in an 
abridged form ; compendiously ; 3. 
brieflu. lieduire en , to abridge. 

ABREGEMENT [a-br^-j-man] n. m. 
abridgment; abridging. 

ABREGER [a-br-je] V. a.l. to abridge; 
2. to abbreviate; 8. to epitomize; 4. to 
sliorten ; 1 to cut short, down. 

4. les jiairs de q. u., t'l shorten a. o.V datjs. 

Pour , to he hrief. Personne qui 
abrege, ahridger ; epitomizer. 
A BREGE, E, pa. p. V. sen,ses of Aekrofe. 
Non , I. unabridged ; 2. unahbn- 

ABREUVER [a-breu-vf] V. a. 1. 5 fo 
Mu^^r (animals) ; 2. (jilca-s.) to m<ike {n. 
o.) drink ; to give (a. o.) drink; 3. !| to 
so<tk{a..i\\.); to water; i.%(uv^ to steep 
{in); to fill {it)ith); to load {icith) ; 6. 
(arts) to prepare. 

S'abreuver, pr. v. 1. (of animals) to 
go to water ; 2. ** to drink. 

ABREUVOIR [a-breu-voar] n. m. 1. | 

watering-place (for animals) ; 2. || horso- 

ABREVIATEUlt [a-br-vi--teur] n. m. 
ahbreviator ; ahridger. 

ABREVIATI-F, VE [, i-v] 
adj. abhr^viatory. 

ABREVIATION [a-br-vi-a-sion] n. 
1. abbreviation; 2. (math.) contrao 

Par , by abbreviation. Faire uno , 
to make an =:. 

ABREYER, v. a. (nav.) to belee; tc 

Etre abri'yo, (nav.) to be heleed, be- 

ABRI [ft-bri] n. m. 1. [ shelter ; cover; 
2. ** II concealme7it. 

A r , 1. II under shelter, cover; shel- 
tered ; 2. (de) sheltered {from) ; 3. (b. 
s.) not liable to ; sans , 1 !! unsJiel- 
tered ; * shelterless ; % % unharbon I ; 
** harborless ; liouseless ; ** homeless. 
Donner un A, II to shelter; to har- 
bor ; se faire un , to provide a xhelter, 
mettre a T , 1. J to shelter; to put ur.- 
der shelter : 2. J to shelter ; to screen ; 
(de) to ry.iield {from) ; se mettre i\ 1" 
1. II to shelter o."s self; 2. to shieli 
o.'s self; to screen o.'s se>f. Q li n"o1 
pas a r (de), tinslieltered { from). 

ABRICOT [a-bri-ko] n. m. (bot.) .;/>''. 

poche, peach- =.. 

ABRICOTIER [a-bri-ko-ti] n. \n.K\rX) 

ABRITER [a-bri-ts] v. a. (comee 
from^ 1. II to shelter ; 2. to shield : t< 
screen ; 3. (nav.) to becal' i 

Abritk, e, pa. p. I' senses of .\briter 

Non , 1. II unsheltered ; 2. tt 
shielded; unscre-ened ; unharbored. 




a mid; d male: e foe; e feve; e fete; #je; i il; ? ile; o mol; 6 mole; 6 mort; snc; m sure; om joui , 

S'ABBiTBEt, pr. V. to slieUer o.'a nelf; to 
iike shelter. 

ABROGATION [a-bro-ga-iion] n. C 1. 
ahrogation ; 2. repeal. 

A.BROGE1: [ft-bro-je] V. a. 1. to abro- 
Qote ; 2. to repeal. 

Personne qni abroge, repealer. 

Abrcqg, k, pa. p. V. senses of Abeo- 


Non , 1. unabrogated; 2. unre- 

S'arrogkk, pr. V. to fall into disuse. 

ABROUTl, K r.i-brou-ti] adj. broicsed. 

ABEUI'T, E [a-bnip,t] adj. 1. || rug- 
ffi d ; 2. (hot.) abrupt. 

ABRUPTION [a-brup-.i6n] n. (surg.) 
abruption ; fracture. 

ABRUTIR [a-bru-tir] V. a. 1. to brutal- 
ize ; 2. to stiuUfy ; to stupefy ; 3. to be- 

S'abkutir, pr. V. 1. to brutalize: to 
become, to get brutalized ; 2. to stultify, 
to stupe f II o.'x self. 

ABRUTISSANT, E [ a-bru-ti-siin, t ] 
tidj. 1. brulAtlizing : 2. stultifying ; stu- 
pefying ; -3. besotting. 

ABRUTISSEMENT [a-bnt-ti-.-man] n. 
m. 1. brutishnws ; 2. beastliness (stupi- 
dity of the brute) ; 3. (by drunkenness) 

ABRUTISSEUR [a-bru-ti-.eur] n. in. 

ABKUZZE9 (LES) [14-za-bru-i] p. n. f. 
(pi.) (eeog.) t/ie Ahruzzt. 

AKSALON [b-i.-l6n] p. n. m., Absa- 

ABSCISSE [Hb-.i-8] n. f. (gooni.) 1. ab- 
sciss ; a/i.fci.ti"i ; 2. intercepted axis. 

ABSENCE [ab-an-] n. f. 1. I (re, 
from) absence ; 2. absence ; absence 
i/f mind. 

I, I.' de q. u. d'un endrnit, a. o.V absence 
f-myi a pfare. 

dVsprit., absence of mind ; absence. 
Vra Y .ifc <; u . in a. o.'s =. Avoir des 
8, to be absent ; faire une -, to be 
ii-cnt ; faire des s frcquentcs, to be 
^^pirntly, often absent; rpniarqncr 
1' de, f"apf reevoir de 1' de, to miss ; 
d >nl on ne remarque pas 1" , dont 1' 
nVst |)as retnanpn'-e, unmissed ; on 
f-'HpeiV<>it de 1" de .. , .. is missing; 
1 t/iere ix a miss of 

ABSENT, E [ab-aT,,t] adj. 1. | (w, 
'/OJ/i) absent ; 2. II away ; from home ; 
8. I mvoeinf! : iranting ; 4. (pers.) ab- 
tint (In mind). 

de eliez soi, absent ; from home ; 
away : Old. Los s ont toujours tort, 
mtt of sight out of mind. 

A BSENT, n. til., E, n. 1. absenter ; 
2. absevtee. 

AI?SENT6ISME [ab-Mn-W.-U-m] n. m. 

ABSENTER (S") [.ab-.Sn-t^] pr. v. [de, 
from) \. til absent o.'s self; 2. to stay 
airny ; 3. to stay out ; 4. to tcit/idraw; 
to retire. 

ABSrOE [ab-.i-dl APSIDE [ap-ii-d] n. 
t (nrch.l apsis; absis. 

ABSINTHE] n. f. 1. (hot) 
XBormtcood ; 2. hitters (liquor), pi. 

Grande , officinale, (hot.) icorm- 
wood ; petite , pontique, lior^an =:. 
D' , ot =;* iibsinthian. 

ABSlNTHli:, E [ab-iin-ii] adj. (chem.) 
abni/nthlateO . 

ABSOLU, E [ab-to-In] adj. 1. absolute; 
8. (siihst.) absolute ; 3. positive (not 
tdatlve); 4. (pers.) peremptory ; 6. 
(itram.) absolute ; 6. (metaph.) abso- 

Caraf tire ,1. ahsolutrness ; 2. (pers.) 
peremptoriness ; nianiire e, 1. abso- 
luteneKB ; 2. (rers.) peremptoriness ; 
DSture e, 1. absolute nattire ; 2. /msi- 
l.reness. D'une maniere --e, 1. abso- 
Imtrli) ; 2. peremptorily. 

AfjSOMi.MENT [b-'io.:<i-man] adv. 1 
al/soliUely ; 2. positively (ii'jt relative- 
ly) ; 8. puremptorily. 

le Ic' voux . I insist upon it; par- 
hlct, in the nmin. 

ABSOLUTION fnb-io-lt'nw,,] n. f. 1. 
aosolvtion : 2. (law) discharge on the 
yrvund ofilie offence not being //unlsJi- 
thle by lA w : 8. (rel.^ abso/utlon. 

I)' -. (Hvl.) i of absolution i. ab- 

solutory. Sans avoir reju 1' , (rel.) un- 

ABSOLUTISME [ab->-li.-ti.-m] n. m. 
absolutism ; absolute government. 

ABSOLUTISTE [ab-.o-lu.tU-t] adj. & 
n. m. absolutist. 

ABSOLUTOIRE [ab-w-lu-toa-r] adj. 
(cccl.) absolutory. 

AnsoT.TAi8, ind. iniperC Ist, 2J sing. 


AnsoLVANT, pres. p. 

Absolve, subj. pres. 1st, 3d sing. 

Absolvoxs, ind. pres & impera. 1st pi 

ABSORBABLE [b..or-bu-bl] adj 
(cheni.) absorbable. 

Non , unab-wrbable. 

ABSORBANT, E [ab-wr-ban, i] adj. 1. 
{c\\nn.) absorptive ; 2. (vih&rm.) absor- 
bent ; S. (physiol.) absorbeiit. 

Vaissean . (phj-siol.) absorbent. 

ABSORBANT, a in. (idiarin., phy- 
fiol.) absorbent. 

ABSORBER [ab-ior-b^] v. a. 1. 1 to ab- 
sorb ; to imbibe ; to drink in, up ; to 
soak up ; to suck up ; 2. to (disorb ; 
to drink ; 3. to engross ; to take up ; 
to run away with; 4. (did.) to expend. 

3. I'uttention de q. u., to engroaa a. o.'* at- 

Facult6 d' , (did.) absorbabiliiy. Qui 
a la faculto d' , absorptive. 

Absobbe, e, pa. p. U. senses of Absov 


Non , unabsorhed. 

ABSORPTION [ab-.oT..'!onl n. ab- 

ABSOUDRE [ab-soij-dr] V. a. (Absolv- 
AXT, ABSOus; ind. pres. Absous; Nous 
absolvoxs) 1. to absolve ; 2. (law) to 
discharge (a prisoner) on the ground of 
the offence not being punishable by 
laic ; 3. (rel.) to absolve; 4. to pardon. 

Absou-s. te. pa. p. of Absol'ure. 

A Bsous, ind. pres. 1st, 2d sing.; iuipera. 
2d sing. 

A BsouT, ind. pres. 3d sins. 

ABSOUTE [ab-soii-t] n. 1. (cath. rcL) 
general absolution ; 2. (rel.) absolution. 

ABSTEME [ab.-t-m] adj. (hyg.) ab- 

ABSTEME, n. tn. person that ab- 
stains from icine. 

Austexais, ind. imperf 1st, 2d sing, of 

Abstbxaxt, pres. p. 

Austexez, ind. pres. & impera. 2d pi. 

Abste-xiez, ind. iniper & subi. pres 
2d pi. 

Abstexioxs, ind. imperf & subj. pres. 
Ist pi. 

ABSTENIR (S') [..ibs-tf-nir] pr. v. 
(conj. like Texir) {pK,from) 1. B to ab- 
stain ; 2. to r^ruin ; 3. {de) to for- 
bear (to). 

Abstenoxs, ind. pros. & impera. 1st pi. 

of S"aBSTRX!R. 

ABSTENTION [abs-iSn-sion] n. (law) 
icit/idrawal (of a judw) from a trial 
(for some logitim.ite cause). 

AnsTEXti, E, pa. p. of S'abstkxiu. 

A15STKRGENT, E fab.-iJr-jAn, t) adj. 
(pharm.) abstergent ; detergent. 

ABSTERGENT, n m (med.) abster- 

ABSTERGEU [] v. a (surg.) 
to absterge. 

ABSTERSI-F, VE [aU-ar-f, i-v] adj 
(pharm.) abstergent 

A BSTERSION [Bb.-Ur-6n] n. (med.) 

Abstiendrai, Ind. fut Ist sing, of 

Abstiexdrais, cond. 1st, 2d sing. 

Abstiexxe, subj. pros. 1st, .3<1 sing. 

ABSTiExxr.xT, Ind. >t subj. pros. 8d pi 

AB8TIEX8, ind. pres. Ist, 2d sing.; im- 
pera. 2d smg. 

Abstient. Ind. rircs. "Jd sing. 

AUSTINENOE [aU-tini..-.] n. f 1. 
(y>v.,from) abstinence ; 2. (med.) absti- 
nence ; 8. temperance. 

Avec , abstinentli/. 

ABSTINENT, E fabt-ti-nan, i] ad. t 

AbstLnmes, Ind. pret 1st pL of S'ab- 


Abstiirent. Ind. pret 8d pi. 
Abrtixr, ind. preL Ist, 2d sing. 

Abstixsse, subj. impcrf 1st sing. 

Abstixt, ind. pret 3d sing. 

Abstixt, subj. imperf 3d sing. 

A BSTiXTES, ind. pret 2d pi. 

ABSTRACTI-F, VE [ab.-tri-tif, 1 v] 
adj. abstractire. 

ABSTRACTION [ab.-tr8k-ii3n"| r I 
abstraction ; absence of mind. 

Avec ,with =.; abstraciedly ; 'at 
, abstractly ; abstractedly ; abAtuit- 
tively. Faire de, to abstract' ; f.i 
take aicay; faite de..., 1. ... cb 
stracted ; 2 exiiusi reli/ of. . . 

man] adv. abstractively ; abstractly ; 
abstractedly ; in tlie abstract. 

Abstraie, subj. pres. 1st, 3d sing, d 

Absteairai, ind. fut sing. 

Abstkairais, cond. 1st 2d sing. 

ABSTRAIRE [ab.-tre-r] V. a irres; 
de (conj. likeTEAiKE) (did.) (DE,//-,>n) 
to abstract. 

Abstrais, ind. pres. 1st, 2d sing.; im- 
pera. 2d sing, of Abstraire. 

Arstrait, ind. pres. 3d sing. 

AiiSTRAir, R, pa p. 

ABSTRAIT, E [ub.-tre, t] adj. 1. '->- 
struse ; recondite ; 2. (jiers.) abstrao 
ted; 3. (did.) abstract; 4 (math.) v>' 
numbers) abstract. 

1. Une qiieiitiun e, an abstruse tjufit'ion. 

Caractere , nature e, abstracted^ 

adv. abstractedly ; abstractly. 

Abstravant, pres. p. of Abstraire. 

Abstkayais, ind. iniperf 1ft 2d sing. 

Abstravio.n's, ind. iuiperf & subj. prea 
1st pi. 

Abstratoxs, ind. pros. & impera.l8t pL 

ABSTRUS, E [abs-tru, i] adj. abstriue ; 

Nature e, qualit6 e, abstruS6U<iS% 
D"une maniire e, abstrusely. 

ABSURDE [ab-iur-d] aflj. 1. {de, U,) 
absurd ; 2. preposterous ; 8. ncmsi^ny.r 
cal ; 4. (snbst) absurd ; absurdity. 

Reduire a 1' , 1. to drive (a. o ) to oT) 
surdity ; 2. to shotc the =; o/" (a. tb > 
toniber dans V , to fall into =:, the ah- 

ABSURDEMENT [ab-.ur dj-mAii] adv. 

1. absurdly; 'i,. preposterously ; 3. noni- 

ABSURDITY [ab-.ur-ii-t*] n. 1 
absurdity; absurd ness ; 2. cbsurdlig 
(thing) ; nonsense ; .3. prepoiterovs- 
ness; 4. notisensicalness. 

ABUS[a-bu] n. m. 1. abuse; mi^uge; 

2. {de, to) abuse (thing) ; 8. {de, to) 
error ; mistake. 

ABUSER [a-bu-z] V. a. to deceive; tc 
delude ; to (Wuse. 

Qn'on ne jieut , undeceivable. 

S" ABUSER, pr. v. 1. to deJ.ude, to de- 
ceive o.'s se^f; 2. to mistake ; to ft< 

Qui s"abuse, {V. senses) misguided; 

ABUSER, V. n. 1. (nE,...)to abuse; 
to misuse; 2. (de) to impose (on, tip- 
on) ; to take advantage (of) ; ^ to /)ttj 
(upon) ; 3. (dr, on, upon) to encroach; 
4. (law) to co7isume ; to destroy. 

\. d'une iBveur, tu abuse a favir. 8. del 
moments de q u., to encroa^-b on a. o.^t tiir-t, at- 

ABU8EUR [a-bu-Mor] a UL 4 J- <f<h 
ceiver ; abuser. 

ABUSI-F, VE [-bi2 i!f, ! ] dj. /' 
sive; improper. 

Eiiiplol , misempl/yi/meri Fniw nr 
emploi do, to misemplot/. 

ABUSIVEMENT [a-b-ii. jaj*] tk\v 
abusiveli/ ; improperli/. 

ABUfll.ON [a-bu-ti-ion] n. m. (bo( ) 
species of marsh-malhnc. 

ABVME. n. m. V. AbLme. 

ABYSS IN, E [w-bi..iii,i.nj adj. At/yssl- 

ABYSSINIE [abi-ii ni] p. n. Abya 

ACABIT [a-ka-hij n. m. 1. | (of flnilia 
vegetaTilcs) quality; 2. (fiers.) qual 
ity; 8. $ (pera.) stamp. 

. Crt b-.mme est d'un bon ,ii u t m." "^ 
the right sti*.lul>. 




odjoWe; eujeu; eu jedae; etJpeur; /ipan; inpia- orebon; w^vbrun; llliq. ; gn liq. 

ACACIA [a-kBsiu] n. m.(bot) acacia ; 

Faax , vulgaire, 1. bastard, false, 
jominim acacia : 2. locust-tree. 

AOAr)J^:MICIEN [-ktt-d(S-mi-iiin] n. m. 
;. academician ; 2. {of Tlato's school) 
A cademia. 

AC;ADI^:MIE [a-ka-dS-mi] n. f. 1. aca- 
(1-miy (of learned men) ; 2. academy (di- 
-.aion of tlis university of France); 3. 
Actidrnny (Plato's) ; 4. (draw.) academi- 
val fijinre ; 5. t gainhling-liouse. 

ACADfiMIQUE [a-ka-d.mi.k] adj. 1. 
(I .'li'ftf/nit; (of learned men); academi- 
i^il ; 2. Academical (of I'lato or his 
rjchoijl) ; 8. (draw.) academical. 

Pliilosophe , Academiat; syst^me 
, Academism (Plato's). 

ACAD:6MIQUEMENT [a-ka-d^-mi-k- 
man] adv. academically. 

ACAD:6MISTE [a-ka-dd-mia-t] n. m. 
\ pupil of a riding-school. 

ACAD IE [a-ka-di] p. n. t (geog.) Aca- 

ACAGNARDER [a-ka-gnar-d^*] V. a. 

[ to accustom, to an obscure and idle 

' S" ACAGNARDER, pr. \.^ to Indulge in 
idleness; to get into idleliafnts. 

ACAJOU [ft-ka-jou] D. m. I. (bot) ma- 
twgany ; acajou; 2. (wood) mahoga- 

chenill6, moir6, mettled maltoga- 
ny ; mouchet6, spotted = ; ronceux, 
curled r=.\ 4 pommes (bot) cashew. 
Bille d' , log of^\ bois d' , mahoga- 
ny ; feuille d' , sheet, veneer of-=:^ ; mar- 
cliand d' , dealer in=:\ noix, pomme 
d" , (bot.) cashew ; caslunc-nut. 

ACALICIN, E [a-ka-U-iin, i-n] adj. 
(bot) loithout a cali/x. 

ACANTHABOLE [a-kin-tabol] n. m. 
(sarg.) acanthabolus (a kind of forceps). 

ACANTHE fa-kan-t] n. f. 1. (arch.) 
acanthus; 2. (Dot) acantlui ; acan- 

Br<d6 en forme d' , acantliine. 

ACARIATRE [a-k-ri-i-tr] adj. crab- 
bt<l; cross; cross-grained; waspish. 

Huaieur , crabbedneas ; crossness; 

ACARIEN3 [a-ka-ri-an] n. m. (pi.) 
(ont) " acfu-i ;" mites. 

ACARU8 [a.k-rui] n. m. (ent) tick. 

de la gale, itch - =. 

QU E [a-ka-ta-iik-t, U-k] adj. (Or., Lat 
Tors.) aeatalectic. 

AC AT A POSE [a-ka-u-po-i] n. f. (med.) 

ACAULE [a-kft-i] ad), (bot) acanlous. 

ACCABLANT, E [a-ka-blin, t] mlj. 1. 

overwhelming ; oppressive ; 2. 
grienous; S.% tiresome; annoying. 

Nature e, 1. oppressiveness ; griev- 
ousness ; 2. tiresomeness. D'une ma- 
ni6re e, I. | overwhelmingly ; op- 
pressively ; 2. grievonsli/. 

ACCABLEMENT [a-ka-bl6-m5n] n. m. 
1. \ heaviness, languor (of body); ^ 
extreme dejection ; extreme depres- 
oion, lateness of spirits ; extremely de- 
pressed, low spirits ; 3. press (of b.isi- 

Avec , oppressively, ifctre dans 1' 
(de), 1. to be overwhelmed {with) ; 2. to 
be in extreme dejection ; to be extreme- 
ly Uric-spirited. 

ACCABLER [a-kabU] v. a. (de, with) 
1. i to weigh down ; 2. \ to crush f-e- 
neath the weight; 3. | to overw/telin ; 
to overpotcer ; 4. to load ; 5. to 
^(irasit; to harass out; H. ^ to depress, 
to deject (a. o.) ea-tremely ; ^ to make 
(ii o.) extremely low-spirited ; 7. to 
ruv down ; 8. to load. 

AccADUE, E, pa. p. ( V. senses of acoa- eaetrem.ely dejected, depressed, 

t) e , ( V. senses) to labor under ex- 
frefna J^jyression of spirits. 


'\th'er siifiiifie* t(i wtfijfh di'wn, to U> sink 
oeneath a bunlt-ii : .t la used in both a gnrd and 
i bwi nense ; thus we tay, to be aeejft ' by sor- 
fuw ' -%' -> acrahf- with attentions or kindnt'ws. 
tXy-^v/wr, t<- the if^iitioation of accaft'er adds Ihe 
vi ja of force and viotttnce ; it is used in a bti^l 
iTiM Luly. Opfreiter indieateB nutting nure 

than physical action; it means to press sironjjiy. 
A people accabli (weighed down) by taxes, is 
o/'prime (oppreaaed) by its sovereign. Excess of 
food oppreaae (oppresaea, it heavy upon) the sto- 

ACCALMIE [a-kai-mi] n. C (nav.) lull. 

ACCAPAREMENT, [n-ka-pa-r-man] n. 

m. I 1. engrossment ; engrossing ; 2. 

ACCAPARER [a-ka-pa-r] v. a. 1. J to 
monopolize ; to engross ; to bny up ; 
2. I to forestall ; 3. to monopolize ; to 
engross ; 4. to swallow up. 

ACCAPAREU-R [a-ka-pa-rur, eu-z] n. 
m. SE, n. f. 1 1. monopolizer ; engross- 
er ; 2. forestalier. 

ACCASTILLAGE [a-ka-8ti-ifl-.i*] n. m. 
(nav. arch.) upper works (of a vessel). 

ACCASTILLER [-ka-sti-i^*] v. a. 
(nav. arch.) to build the upper works 
(of a vessel). 

ACCJ<:i)ER [ak-s-df] V. n. (a) 1. to 
accede (to) ; 2. to comply {with) ; 3. 
(law) (th.) to vest (in). 

'i. a une demaiide, to comply with a request. 

Demand 31 qu'on accede (il), 1. to beg, 
to request (a. o.) to accede (to) ; 2. to 
request compliance (vtith). Obttnir 
qu'on accede (a), 1. to obtain of <a. o. to 
accede (to) ; 2. to obUtin comphtince 
(with). En accedant it, 1. acceding to ; 

2. complying with ; in compliance 

16-ra-teur, tri-s] adj. accelerating ; aecel- 

ACCJtL^RATION [ak-s^-ia-rA-i;*] n. 
f 1. acceleration ; 2. dn^patch; hasten- 
ing ; lutstening on ; 3 (sciences) accel- 

ACC^L^Rl^;, E [ak-8-l-r] adj. 1. ac- 
celerated ; 2. quickened ; 3. (of coach- 
es) /</<; 4 (mil.) quick. 

Non , unaccelerated. Roulage , 
( V. RoirLAOE.) 

ACC^LfiU^E [ak-s-l.r] a faA 

ACC^LfiRER [ak-.-l6-r] V. a. 1. to 
accelerate ; 2. to quicken ; 3. to dis- 
patch ; to hasten ; to hasten on. 
' ACCENT [ak-san] n. m. 1. accent; 2. 
emphasis ; 3. (gram.) accent. 

aigii, acute accent; circonfle.xe, 
circumfleit =; ; grave, grave = ; 
monotone, monotonous :=^; oratoire, 
emphasis ; tres-fortement prononce, 1. 
strong = ; 2. ^ broad = ; 3. (Irish) 
brogue ; nasillard, twang ; tonique, 
tonic =:. Sans , ( V. senses) u/nao- 

ACCENTEUR [ak-san-tour] n. m. (orn.) 

ACCENTUATION [ak-sitn-lu-S-siSn] n. 
t \. accenting : 2. accentuation. 

ACCENTUER [ak-an-tu-6] v. a, 1. to 

accettt; 2. to accentuate ; 3. to lay em- 
phasis on. 

fortement, to lay great emphasis 
on ; to emphasize. 

AcoENTUB. E, pa. p. accented. 

Non , unaccented. 

ACCEPTABLE [ak-sJp-ta-bl] adj. ac- 

ACCEPTANT [ak-si^p-tS., t] n. m., E, 
n. t. acceptor. 

ACCEPTATION [ak-s^p-ta-sion] n. f. 

\. ar^eptance : 2. (com.) acceptance; 

3. (law; acceptance. 

conditionnelle, (coin.) qualified ^=. ; 
pure et simple, aJisolute-=^ Annuler 
une , to citncH an =. 

ACCEPTER [>ik-6cp-t<] v. a. 1. to ac- 
cept; 2. to take up; 'i. (cou\.) to accept 

Personne qui accept", acceptor (of). 
Prier q, n. d' q. ch., to beg, to entreat, 
to request a. o. to accept a. th. ; to beg, 
to entreat, to request a. o's acceptance 
of a. th. Valoir la peine d'etre accepte, 
to be worth acceptance. Digne, indigne 
d'fitre accepte, worthy, unworthy of ac- 
ceptance. Qui vaut la peine d'etre ac- 
cepte, worth acceptance. 

AccEiTE, 1% pa. p. 1. accepted; 2. 
(com.) accepted. 

Non . unaccepted. 

ACCEPTEUR [ak-.^p-teur] n. m. 
(com.) acceptor. 

ACCEPTILATION [ak >? li li lisn] a 

t. (law) % acceptilation : remiaffion of a 
debt without payment. 

ACCF"TION, [nk-.^p..idi.J n. f. 1. re- 
gard; respect; 2. (of words) accepto', 
tion; sense; ^ meaning. 

Sans de, without any distinction 
of; sans de person ncs, without re- 
gard, respect of persons. Faire df 
person ncs, to be a respecter of persons, 
to have respect of persons ; to respe<st 

ACCES [nk-o] n. m. 1. (A, to) accest ; 
2. (AL'i'Kts DK, to) access; 3. (a, to) ad- 
mittance; 4. (a, to) approach; 5. (ot 
anger) paroxysm ; fit ; 6. (arch.) adit ; 
1. (nied.) attack ; fit ; 8. (med.) (of cer- 
tain diseases) paroxysm. 

1. Avoir a q. cli., to huve access to a. th. 'I. 
Avoir aupres de q. u., U> liatt access to a. o. 

Lc'ger, petit , slight attack, fit. D'tin 
difficile, facile, difficult, easy of ac- 
cess ; pat , 1. by fits ; \ by fits and 

starts; 2. by snatches. Avoir un--, I 
to have an attack, a fit; 2. to fall into 
a fit; donner , to give way. 

ACCESSIBLE, [ak-s^-.i-bl] adj. (I, to) 
1. 1 accessible; approac/table ; 2. ac- 

ACCESSION [ak-sJ-sion] n. C 1. acces- 
sion; 2. (a, to) acceding : adhesi-on. 

ACCESSIT [k-s{i-5it] L. - pi. , A-c- 
CES8ITS, (school) " accessii " (distinction 
granted to him who, not having obtained 
a prize, has come the nearest to it). 

ACCESSOIRE [ak-Bj;-soa-r] adj. (a, to) 

1. accessory ; 2. (law) (of acts) collateral. 
Action , underaction ; partie , U7i- 


ACCESSOIRE [ak-s>-ca-r] n. m. 1. aa- 
cessory ; 2. (anat.) accessory nerve ; 3 
(arts) accessory ; detail ; 4. (theal.)pr(/ 

Fournlsseur d" s, (thcat) property- 

ACCESSOIREMENT [ak-si-aoo-T-muil 
adv. accessorily. 

ACCIDENT[ak-8i.dan] n. m. 1. acH- 
dent; 2. (did.) accidental; 3. (gw IJ 
accident ; 4 (gram.) accident ; 5. (muA) 
accidental ; 6. (j)aint.) accident ; 7. 
(philos.) accident; 8. chance; 9. (nied.) 

fi'icheux, 1. disagreeable accident; 

2. mischance. Par , by=^; acciden- 
tally; sans , 1. witlvout any =; 2. 

ACCIDENT^, E [ak-.i-dSn-t^] adj. (of 
ground) uneven; hitli/ ; undulating. 

ACCIDENTEL, LE [k-gi-dan-tel] adj. 
1. accidental; 2. *adventitious; 8. (med., 
surg.) adventitious; 4 (philos.) aooi- 

Signe , (mus.) accidental. 

ti-i-man] adv. 1. accidentally; 2. * adven- 
titiously ; 3. (philos.) accidentally. 


fi)st is i.sed in a bad, the second in a {rood sense. 
We ^m\,f"rtuiteiiient, a protector whom cool for- 
tune has given us; we lose a friend acciaenttttf- 

ACCISE [ak-si-z] n. f. excise. 
Propose a r , exciseman. Sujet h. X , 

ACCLAMATION [a-kla-ma-oion] n. 

1. acclamation; sliout ; 2. cheerkuj ; 

Forte , loud acclamation ; ff-real 
shout; loud cheering, ch^er. Far , 
by =. Faire une , to give a shout ; 
faire dcs s, 1. to shout; 2. to cheer; 
saluer par des s, to clt^eer. 

ACCLAMPER [a-kian-p^] V. a. (nnv.) 
X to clamp ; to fish, (a yard, or mast). 

A CCLIMATEMEN T [a-kli-ma-t itin] 
n. m. (hyg.) acclimation. 

ACCLBIATER [a-kli-ma-t^] V. a. fc 
acclimatize; to acclimate; to aeet*- 
tom, to naturalise to a climate; 5 << 

S'aoclimatek, pr. v. to become acUi 

Acclimate, e, pa. p. 1. accustf/mco, 
naturalized to a climate ; ^ seasoneel; 

2. (hyg.) acclimated. 

Non , unaecustomeil, uninured ti'( 
climate; [ imneaKoueil. 

ACCOINTANCE [. koiu-i.,u-) u. L r J 




a mal; d uiAle; e fee; e fOve; e C-tc; /je; t il; i ile; o mol; o mole; d mort; u sue; ii s&re; om jonr; 

r^quaintanee ; intercourse; 2. (b. 8.) 
1 mUmiite connection ; amour. 

...OCOINTEK (S") [sa-kcm-a] pr. v.t^ 
to becrme. to ijet iritimute. 

ACCOISEMKNT [a-koa-z-man] n. m. 
('jnfd.) subsiding oft/ie humors. 
' A COOlSEll [a-koa-zc] V. a. 1 1. to quell ; 
8, (I'led.) (of the humors) to still, io'cause 
Cc tn.hside. 

S'a 3C0ISER, pr. V. 1. X to groio calm or 
Hill ; to cease; 2. (meil.) to subside. 

ACCOI.ADE [] n. f. 1. em- 
bl'ace ; kiss; 2. (culin.) brace (of rab- 
bits) ; S. (^mus.) brace ; 4. (print.; brace. 

brisee, (i)rint) half-brace. Donner 
F i\, 1. to embrace; 2. to dub (a 

ACCOLER [a-ko-u] V. a. 1. l to em- 
brace; 2. to put together ; ^ to tack 
together, C. (a, u^th) to couple (persons) ; 
i. (hort.) to prop (a vine) ; to tie np. 

AccoLE, K, pa. p. ( V. senses of Acco- 
ler) {her.) joined. 

S'accoler, pr. V. (agric.) (of vines) to 

ACCOMMODABLE [a-ko-mo-da-1,1] adj. 
(of differences) tluit rnuy be adjusted, 

ACCOMMODAGE [a-ko-mo-da-j] n. m. 
\. {cnWrt.) dressing ; cooking; 2. (hair- 
dressing) dressing. 

ACCOM MOD ANT. E [a-ko-mo-.lan, t] 

ftd.i. 1. accommodating ; 2. conqjlijing. 

i*eu , 1. unaccommodating ; 2. mv- 
ccnnplying ; 8. uncompromising. 

ACCOMMODEMENT [a-ko-mo-U-miin] 

n. m. 1. acccnnmodation; arrangement; 
tettlement; 2. means of accommodation, 

Ilomine d' , man easy to agree with, 
to c<ynie to terms uith. En venir a un 
Rvec q. 11., to come to terms tcith a. o. 
Qui r/entre [lis on , uncompromising. 

ACCOMMODER [a-ko-nio..l] v. a. 1. 
fc iuit; to adapt; 2. (he, uith; a, to) 
fci accommodate ; to hare accotnmoda- 
>i<.nji/br; 3 to arrange ; to Jit up; to 
Vi up ; 4. to prepare (victuals) ; to 
ijrcfs ; to cook ; 5. to dre.ts (hair) ; 6. to 
a.v^vst : tf> settle ; to make up ; 7. to 
reconcile; 8. to spare; to let (a. o.) 
hare (a Ui.) ; 9. to improve (o.'s affairs) ; 
to fb. s.) {m\for) E#" to give it to (ill- 
treat a. o). 

!fttre accoiniiiode, ( V. senses of ) 
|^~ to be in a mess ; etre etrangemcnt 
acconiinode, ipg~' to be in a nice mess. 

S'aooommodkk. pr. v. ( V. senses of 
Acfo.MM(ii)ER) 1. (a) to accommodate 
o.'s self (to) ; to make a shift (icith) ; to 
put up (xcit/i); 2. (a) to comply {xcith); 
8. to agree : to come to an agreement, 
wuJerstanding ; to come to terms; 4. 
to take o.'s comfort, ease; to make o.'s 
uHf comfortalile ; 5. %M~ to make free 
%mh the bottle. 

de tout, to he pleased mOi ever^j 
thing ; ne de rien, to he pUased iciih 
nothing. II s'accommode de tout, lie is 
pleased with every thing ; nothing 
comes amiss to him. 

ACCO-MPAGNA-TEUR [a-kdn-pa-gna- 

*ur*] n. m., TRICE [tri-] n. f. (mus.) ao- 

niAn*] n. ni. 1. accompanying ; 2. at- 
tendance ; 8. addition. ; appendage ; 
{. (mils.) accompaniment. 

j'our 1 de, 1. to accompany ; 2. to 

ACCOMF'AGNER [a ksnpa.pi^*] v. a. 
I. I S to accompany ; 2. | to attend ; to 
W'lit upon; 8. (tli.) to he a con'-omi- 
lant {to); 4. (tli.) to suit ; to match ; 
U> he f7i keeping with ; to set off; 5. 
(uiTis.) to ncccmipany. 

\. IJiif i^T* HHf jrrn/n/-ttjftt V li'nTte nutrp,a p^VIt 
tirc< Iitjwiit (I ttf/ .tiK'lhrr ; nn pn'Mfiil arf.m/'aff'i' 
i'ni.e !?tlr, a f*rta^Mt ircoiiiiimiM-il witfi a ettfr. 

ilai atcompaiene, ( I', soiises) 1. utten- 
diin'- ; 2. oancomitiint icWi. 

8tin. Acco\ii'A<i\K, rwMtiTRn. Ammpagfitr 
tfaiiftr* \-<t.. Willi, t. join till! roiiiiany of, and 
mny be wiitt "i <iiie pcnoii nl"ii*. Hnrortrr nu'Hiia 
to nltend for the mxv r.( t>r'>t<Ttiiiir. nml h'wii,:ii 
Quod of mnni llinn ptip. vCie afri>itiftiittH'>H frit ndt 
bom a dr* nf pliiuiii!: .-r In'iiiir plinc ! : kc m. 
fifloti* them, tn |'ri'niiii..iiHry UKujinru u)|iiii>t 
tOlito 11 1'rvhviid-il ilutiiTf r. 


S'accompagnee, pr. v. % (de) to he ac- 
companied {hy) ; to be in the company 

Acoompagne, e, pa. p. V. senses of 


Non , 1. unaccompanied ; 2. unat- 
tended ; 3. unfoUowed. 

ACCOMPLI [a-kon-pii] adj. 1. (pers.) 
accomplishe d ; 2. finished ; peifect ; 
thorough ; ^^~ regular ; 8. ^ (b. s.) 
true bred ; thorovgh bred ; ^ regular. 

Non , 1. uncompleted ; unfinished ; 
2. unaccomplished ; unperformed ; 
unacted : 8. unfulfilled ; 4. uneceectcted; 
5. U7iachieved. Eendre , to accom- 
plish (by education). 

ACCOMPLIR (a-kon-plir) V. a. 1. to 
complete; to finish; % to accomplish; 
to perform ; 3. to fulfil ; 4. to execute ; 

5. to achieve ; 6. to iiork out ; 7. to toil 
out ; S. to serve (a time of service) ; to 
serve out. 

S'accomplir, pr. v. to be accomplish- 
ed ; to he fulfilled ; to he brought 

ACCOMPLISSEMENT [a-kon-pli-n- 
man] n. m. 1. completion ; finishing ; 2. 
accom/ilishment ; performance ; ^.ful- 
filment ; 4. execidion ; 5. achievement ; 

6. uorking out ; 7. toiling out ; 8. serv- 
ing (a time of service) ; serving out. 

ACCON [a-kon] n. m. (nav.) flat-hot- 
tomed lighter. 


ACCORD [a-kor] n. m. 1. agreement; 
2. concord; harmony ; union; 8. ac- 
cordance; agreement; harmony ; 
keeping; 4. consonance; consonant- 
ness ; 6. uniformity; &.** strain ; tone; 
1. (arts) union; 8. (gram.) concord; 
agreement ; Si. (\9.\\) concord ; 10. (civ. 
law) transaction; 11. (mus.) accord; 
12. {vcm.&.) chord ; 18. {\ia.\nl.) harmony ; 
accord ; keepiitg. 

6. lioax 8 de la Ivre, M* ie/</i(rt(s atramu 
<// the lyre. 

Bon , agreement ; final judiciaire, 
{]av,)fine (final agreement between land- 
lord and tenant for lands). D6faut, man- 
que d' , ( V. senses) 1. unsuitahleness ; 
% inconsistency ; inconsistence. D" , 

1. agreed; 1. together ; 8. unitedly; 
4. ** confederate ; 5. hand in hand ; 6. 
in concord, harmony, union ; 1. ac- 
cordant; undiscordant ; 8. in keep- 
ing; 9. (avec) in accord ance, conform- 
ity {with) ; 10. (mus.) in concord; 11. 
(mus.) in tune; d' ! 1. agreed; ^ 
done; 2. granted! dun commuii , 1. 
by common, hy mutual consent; 2. 
with one consent, accord ; sans s, dis- 
cordant; tuneless. Avoir del" , (th.) 
to be in keeping ; demeurer d' , 1. to 
agree; to be agreed ; 2. to admit; to 
acknoicledge ; to allcno ; fctre d' , 
(pers.) to agree ; to be agreed ; etre en 
, (til.) to be in keeping ; faire, passer 
un , to make an =; marcher d" , to 
agree; ^ to go hand in hand ; mettre 
d" , 1. to agree; to effect an = between; 

2. to reconcile; 3. to tune (an instru- 
ment); se mettre d" , to agree; preter 
des 8 ii, tirer des s de, to attune; 
s"en tenir a nn , to abide by an-=; 5 
to stand to an-=: tenir 1' ^,(mus.)tc 
keep in tune; tomber d' , to come to 
an agreement : to come to terms. 

ACCORDABLE [a-kor-dH-bl] adj. 1. 
t'uit can lie made to agree; 2. recon- 
cilidile: 8. grantidde ; 4. admissible ; 
alUncidde ; 5. (inns.) tun^ible. 

ACCORDAILLES [ a-kor-da.i* ] n. f. 
(pi.) meeting for the purpose of signing 
the marriage-articles. 

ACCORDANT, E [a-kor-din, t] adj. 
(mus.) accordant; concordant. 

Son . chord. 

ACCORDl!: [a-kor-d-'.] n. m., E, n. f. 
bridegroom (after the marriage-articles 
are signed); bride. 

ACCORDER, v. a. 1. to accord; to 
bring Ui agree; to make agree; to ef- 
fect an agreement between (persons); 
2. to reconcile; 8. (A, to) to grant; to 
make a grant of; 4. (a) to (/rant {to) ; 
to bestow {on) ; to give {to) ; 5. to grajii ; 
to admit; toalknc; (\. {gram.) to make 
agree; 7. (lw) to ^ncf (damages^ ; 8. 

(mus.) to tune; 9. (mus.) to string (cer 
tain instruments). 

mal, {V. senses) (nuis.) to mittnsmt 
AccoRDE, E, pa. p. V. senses of Aofio'i 


Non , (F. senses) ungrantec, ; vr*- 

S'accorder, pr. v. 1. to agree; ii 
(AVEC, with) to accord ; 8. (avec, with) 
to coincide; to he cmncident ; 4. i) 
suit; 5. (avec, with) t-> he conmstent; 
6. (th.) (avec) to he agreeable {with); t. 
to harmonize; 8. (gram.) to agree; 9. 
(mus.) to accord; 10. (n.\v.) to act to- 
gether (in a manoeuvre); 11. (nav.) (d 
rowers) to pidl togetlier. 

comme chien et chat, to agree Uki 
cat and dog. 

ACCORDEU-R [a-kor-deur, eu-z] n. ID , 
SE, n. f. tuner (of instruments). 

Clef d" , tuning-hammer. 

ACCORDOIR [a-kor-doar] n. m. tun- 

ACCORE [a-kor] n. m. (nav.) shore 
(piece of wood). 

ACCORER r..ko-r] v. a. (nav.) to 
shore ; to sh\,rc up ; 1[ to prop. 

ACCORT, E [a kor, t] adj. 1. ^ comply- 
ing; easi/ : 2. adroit; cunning. 

ACCOilTEMENT, adv. t V. Adeoite- 


ACCORTISE [a-kor-ti-z] n. f ^ compli- 
ance ; easiness of tempter. 

ACCOSTABLE [a-ko.-tK-bl] adj. % ao- 

ACCOSTER [a-ko.-t] V. a. 1. 1 to ac- 
cost; 2. (nav.) to come along side of. 

S'accoster, pr. V. (b. s.) (de) to frt^- 
quent (...); to keep company {icith). 

ACCOTEMENT [a-ko-t-mao] n. m. (en- 
gin.) drir'tiray. 

ACCOTER'[a-ko-t] V. a. 1. tosvppori 
on one side; 2. to lean on one side. 

ACCOTOIR [a-ko-tonr] n. m, l.prop; 

2. leaning-stock; 3. {nav.) shvre. 
ACCOUCHliE [a-kou-.hi] n. f. lady, 

woman, confined ; % li/ing-in tJiwum 

ACCOUCHEMENT [a-kou-i\-n.i!.] i; 

m. 1. I confinement; delivery; (!} 

couchement; [ lying in; 2. deliteryi 

3. ohstetrication ; midwifery. 

Art des s, (med.) inidicifery ; hupl- 
tal des s, lying-in hospital. Faire na 
, to attend at an accouchement ; ^ fc 
deliver a woman; faire des s, to 
practise as an accouclienr. 

ACCOUCHER [a-kou-.h] V. a. 1. J to 
deliver; to attend (a. o.) at her ao- 
coucliement ; ^ to put to bed; 2. to 
deliver; to bring forth. 

fitre aecouchce, ( V. senses of Accou- 
ciier) to he confined ; ^ to lie in. 

ACCOUCIlfiR, V. n. || to be delivered ; 
to be confined; ^ to he brought, pui 
to bed. 

avant terme, = before her time. 
Accouche ! accouchez ! ^ out tcith it 1 

[AccoucriKR is conj. witli avir wlien it ex- 
prt'8S('8 ati action, and with etre when it denotts a 

ACCOUCTIEU-R [a-kor,-shenr, eu-z] n. 
m., SE, n. f. 1. accoucheur, m. ; maji- 
midwife,m.; midwife,{.; 2. {i\d.) obste- 

Assistance d' , midwifery. 

ACCOUDER, (S') [.i-kou-d<;] pr. v. to 
leon mi o.'s elhou> ; (sub) to lean o.'s el- 
bow {on). 

ACCOUDOIR [-kou-doar] n. ni. elbow- 
rest ; elhotc-c ush ion. 

ACCOUER [a-kou-f] v. a. (hunt) fti 
strike (a stag) in the shoulder ; to ham 

ACCOUPLE [ft-kou-pi] n. C (cm) 
leash ; couple. 

m. 1. (of beasts) t'oiyj^iw;/,' copulation; 
2. {of hm\s) pairing ; 3. (of beasts) J/Oit 
ing togeUier; matching; 4 (f.rch.) 

Snison de 1' , (of birds) pairing lime, 

ACCOUPLER [a-koupu] v. a. 1. <<i 
couple; to unite; to join together; 2. 
to put together; 8. to cotiple (beasts); 

4. to /iai/- (birds); 6. to y^ke (o.xen); t 
to match (persons). 

AccotJpi.E, B, pa. p. f r; bensea of Ao 
coupler) (arcli.) coupled 




o&jodte; (SMJeu; eii jednc; c-iipcur; awpan; mpin; onhon; unhmn; *llliq.; *gn Uq. 

Non , ( V. senses) 1. (of beasts) uii- 
)om)lcd ; 2. (of birds) unpaired. 

s'accoc-i'leb. pr. v. 1. (of beasts) to 
Touple; 1. (of binls) to pair; 3. (of 
MrJs) to tread 

AccotruA.13, ind. imperf 1st, 2d sing, of 

& C( OURIR. 

A rcouF,A"~ii ores. p. 

A CCOli fCCIu (8-kour-ir) V. a. fo short- 

? icoocxcis, pr. V. 1. to shorten; 2. 
r; i.;/i#f ihe tcai/ ; 3. to shrink. 

A.CCOU UCISSE.M ENT [ a-kour--.- 
'T-tri] n. m. 1. shortening (of the way, of 
ttnie); 2. shrinking. 

Accorr.B, subj. pres. Ist, Su sing, of 


ACCOUBIR [-kou-rir] V. n. Irreg. 
(conj. like CogRiE) (a, to) to run , to run 
up ; to hasten. 

en i,i\il% tofiock. 

'r.ccuL'itiR is conj. with cv'ir wlu-n it expresses 
Hi: ucii in, iiiid wlie'j a ia:e with iti-e.\ 

AccouEONS, ind prcs. and impera. 1st 

p'l. of ACCOfKIR. 

AccocuEA.1, ind. fUt 1st sing. 

Accot'RRAis, cond. 1st, 2d sing. 

AccoUKRON'9, ind. fuL \i\. pi. 

AfcouRS, ind. pres. 1st, 2tl sing.; impera. 
2d sing. 

ji] (nav. est\\.) panLage in a ship's hold. 

AccouRT, ind. pres. 3d sing, of Accou- 


AcoouRP, r, pa p. 
AccouRii.yra, ind. pret 1st pi. 
AcooL-RL's, ind pret. Ist, 2d sing. 
AccouBL'ssE, suy. imperf. 1st sing. 
AocouBUT, ind. pret 3d sing. 
AccouKDT, subj. impert 3d sing. 
AcccuRcrrts, ind. pret 2d pi. 

ACCOUTUEMENT [o-kou-trJ-man] n. 

r.\. (b. s.) accoutrement 

AC.'OOUTKElt [a-kou-tr6] V. a. (b. s.) to 
nccontre : to dress ou*. up. 

ACCOUTUMANCE [-koa-tu-mau-s] n. 
t t cii"tom : habit. 

A0C0UTUM6, E [a-kou-ta-m] adj. 
nocu^Tined ; habitual ; icsual. 

Ncn peu , uncustomary ; unaccus- 
ti'Tr.ed ; iirJtabittiated (to); ** unac- 
^'ainted {with). A 1' e, customarily ; 
as usual. 

ACCOUTUMEU, v. a. (a, to) 1. to 
accustom ; to habituate ; to use ; 2. (b. s.) 
to inure. 

ACCOUTUMER, v. n. (de, to)l.(per8.) 
to be accnsiomed, habituated, used; 2. 
(th.) to itse ; to be used. 

[Acc-'L'TL'MKK is coDJ. with avoir when it ex- 
pri'sses :i"t o i : when H stats, with avoir <>r itn.] 

ACCRfiDlT6, E [a-kr6-(ii-t] adj. 1. 
accredited; 2. (pers.) in credit; 3. (th.) 
credited ; A. (dipl.) accredited. 

Non , 1. ti/nacaredited ; 2. (adm.) 
unackiioioledged ; 8. (dipl.) unaccre- 

ACCRftDITER [a-kr.di-i] v. a. 1. to 
accredit; to give credit to, sanction to; 
2. to bring (a. o.) into credit; 3. (dipl.) 
to accredit. 

S'acorkditer, pr. v. 1. (pers.) to get 
into credit ; 2. (th.) to gain credit ; to 
be credited. 

ACCKATI0:S [a-kre-ror] n. (med.) 
accretion ; increase. 

ACCROC [a-kro] n. m. I^ 1. ! rent; 
tear: 2. impediment; hinderance; 
something wrong in t/is tea)/. 

Faire un a, to rend : to tear. 

ACOROCHE-CCEUR [a-kro-sh-keiir] n. 
Ui., pi. , II lieart-breuker (curl). 

AOCROCllER [a-kro-th6] V. a. 1. to 
%yok Ml . 2. to luin'a nr> : f-o hang ; 3. J to 
oatch ; to tear ; 4. I| to hcoK ^cm .-isses) ; 
6. ^^W to get hold of; to get; to find ; 
ic pick I p , 6. ^ to lay a fide ; to put 
upon the Dh-elf; 7. (nar.) Co yrapijle. 

.s^ACCROcnsr;. pr. v. 1 1. (a) to catch 
iiri) ; 2. I to lay hold of; 3. to hang 
(on. upon a o.) ; -f- to stick (a, to a. o.) ; 
t ito pin o.''s selr\to a. th.). 

ACCROIRE [a-kroa-r] V. a % irreg. 
.conj. like Croire) to believe. 

Faire ^ to make (a. o.) believe ; en 
!hire a, to impose upon (a. c); to 
make (a. o.) believe a. th. ; sen faire , 
1 to assume ; to be assuming, con- 

ceited ; ne pas s'eu fuiro , to be unas- 

ArcROis, ind. pres. 1st, 2d sing.; inipe.-a. 
2d sing, of AccROiTRE. 

AocROissAis, ind iinpeiE 1st, 2d sl-ij-,. 

Ai'CROissANT, pres. p. 

AcoRoissE, subj. pros. 1st, 3d 

ACCROISSEMENT r,..troa-s-n,an| 1). 

m. 1. increase; 2. enlargement ; h. - 
tension; 4. growth; 5. (law) accre- 
tion; 6. (phys.) accretion; 7. (j:)hysiol ) 

Siins , ( r. senses) unenlarged. 
Prendre dc 1 , 1. to increase ; 2. to en- 
large ; to extend. 

AccROissoss, ind pres. and impera. 1st 

pi. of ACCROiTRE. 

AcCROiT, ind. pres. 8d singr. 

AccROiTRAi, ind fut, 1st sing. 

AccuoixRAis. cond 1st, 2d sing. 

ACCROtTRE [a-kroa-tr] v. a. (conj. 
like Croitre) 1. to increase ; 2. to en- 
large; 3. to extend. 

S'ACCRoiTRB. pr. V. 1. to increase; 2. 
to enlarge ; 3. to extend ; 4. to groio. 

ACCROtTRE, V. n. (conj. like Croi- 
tre) 1. to increase; 2. to enlarge; .3. to 
extend ; 4. to grow ; 5. (law) (a, to) to 
accrue ; to fall. 

ACCROUPIR (S') [sa-kroii-pir] pr. V. to 
cower ; to squat; to squat doivn ; to lie, 
to sit squat. 

fitre accronpl, = . 

ACCROUPISSEMENT [.-.-krou-pi-.- 
man] n. m. coiccring ; squat ; sqtiatting. 

ACCRir, E, pa. p. of ACCROITRB. 

ACCRUE [a-kn'i] n. f. (law) 1. increase 
of land by the tcithdraical of tlie sea; 
2. encroachment on adjoining land by 
the trees of a forest 

AccEUMES, ind. pret. 1st pL of AcceoI- 


AccRrs, ind pret 1st, 2d sing. 

ACCRCSSE, subj. imperf. 1st sing. 

AccnuT, ind. preL 3d sing. 

AccRUT, subj. imperf 8d sing. 

AccRyxRS, ind. pret 2d pi. 

ACCUEIL [a-keui*] n. m. 1. rece-i-Con 
(of a. o.); 2. rcelcome; 3. (th.) accept- 
ance; 4. (com.) (of bills) protection; 

Bon , 1. kind reception ; welcome ; 
2. + acceptableness ; gracieux , kind 
= ; welcome. Mauvais , froid, cold 
reception. Faire &, to receive kindly; 
to uelcome ; faire bon .% 1. to receive 
kindly ; to welcome; 2. (com.) to Iwnor; 
to protect; rccevoir bon , (com.) to 
m.eet due honor, protection. 

Accukii.i-ais, ind imperf. 1st, 2d sing. 


AccuKiLi.E, ind pres. 1st, 3d sing. ; 
impera. 2d sing. ; subj. pres. 1st 3d sing. 
AccuEiLLERAi, ind. fut 1st sing. 
AccTJEiLLERAis, cond Ist sing. 

ACCUEILLI, E, pa. p. 

AccrEii.uMES, ind. pret 1st pL 

ACCUEILLIR [ft-keu-ir*] v. a. irreg. 
(con), like Cueillii;) 1. 1| to receive (a. o. 
well' or ill): 2. 1 (g. s.) to welcome; 3. 
to receive {x th. ill or well) ; 4. to take 
(a. th.) up ; 5. (b. s.) to assail ; 6. 
(com.) to honor ; to protect. 

bicn, to receive kindly, tcell ; to 
welcome ; ^ to make much of; aveo 
indifference, to receive coldly ; ^ to 
make Utile of. 

AccuEiLLi, E, pa. p. V. senses of Ao- 


Mai , umcelcome. Stre bien , 6tre 
avsc plaisir, to be welcome; to be 
greeted with a hearty icelcome ; 6tre 
bien , (com.) to meet due honor, pro- 

>ncuE-.LLis, ind pret 1st, 2d sing, of 

A-tccEiLi-ii, ind. pret 3d sing. 

AcciTEiLi.iT, subj. imperf 3d sing. 

AccuEiLUTE-s ind. pret 2d pi. 

AcouEiLLissE, subj. iiupcrf. lit sing. 

.\CCUL [a-kul] n. m. 1. place icitliont 
egress ; ^ blind alley ; 2. (artil.) breech- 
ing ; 3. (hunt) end of a terrier; 4 
(nav.) cove ; creek. 

ACCULEMEXT [n-ku-l-man] n. m. 
(n.iv.) \. pooping; heaving astern ; 2. 
rising of the iloor-timbers. 

ACCULER [a-ku-l] T. a. 1. 1 to drive 

(a. 0. to a place fiom which theri loiw 
escape) ; 2. to drive (a. o.l iruo a coT' 
ner ; to bring to a stay.u; S. (hutt) fr. 
ritn home. 

S .IL.C.CV z:a, pr. v., to betake one^e self, 
f/) i.iketc a comer or wall. 

ACCULEE, V. n. (sat.) to h-r/r/,/: 
asi-c rn ; to be pooped. 

AGCUMULATIOI^ [a-ka-nm-U-oiSn] a 
f. 1 accumulation. 

AOCUMULER [a-ku-mu-U] V. a 1. ! J 
to w-cumidate ; 2. to heap up ; to trat- 
sure i:p ; to store up ; 3. (b. s.) to hoard; 
to hoard up ; 4. (b. s.) to cram in ; tc 

Accu.MULE, "t, pa. p. Y. senses of Af)- 


Non , unaccum-:dated;iintreasureiL. 

S'accit.muler. pr. v. J to accwmulato. 

ACCUSABLE [a-ku-z^ bl] adj. accu- 

ACCUSA-TEUR [a-V^ -za-teu'l n. m. 
TRICE [tri-.] n. f. accMf, 

f;tre un , 1. II 8 to be a'. = of; 2. ^ 
(pour) to rise up injitdgment (against). 


The acciigateur ia nne who, to defend society, pur- 
sues tile criminal before the tribunal of justic*, to 
h.avo him punished. The ditioncuxteur is one who, 
zealous f.jr the law, makes known to the authori- 
ties 8:'me secret crime, for them to inquire into 
and punish. The delcUeur is one who, out of 
nialL.e or hatred, gives information of s-^^ime offence 
in word or deed, with which he may have becomt 
acquainted while deep in the confidence of the ac- 
cused [>8rty. A sense of duty, or perhaps a per- 
sonal interest in the punishment of misdoers, iu the 
motive of the accusateur ; strict attachment to thi 
law, that of 'he dhionciaitnr ; a malicious denire 
to injure, .r a mercenary connection with Bom< 
third party, that of the dilateur. 

ACCUSATIF [a-ku-ta-tif] n. m. (grwn.) 
accusative ; accusative case. 

A 1' , in the accusative. Comrae , 
as an =. ; accusatively. 

ACCUSATION [a-ku-za-si6n] n. C 1. no- 
ousation; * accusal; 2. (of oerti!.'! 
public ftmctionaries) impeachment ; 0. 
(law) indictment; charge; 4 (crl'a 
law) prosecution. 

Acte d' , 1. articles of impeach 
m^nt; 2. (law) indictment; bill of in- 
dictment; copie d'acte d' , copy of in 
dictment; interrogation prfiliminairc ct 
lecture de I'acte d' , arraignment; 
chef d' , count of an indictment ; com- 
missaire charge dc soutenir 1' , mana- 
ger of the =:: ; erreur dans lo libello do 
Tacte d' , (law).;?io in the indictment; 
miso en , 1. (of high public officers) = ; 

2. (law) arraignment ; pcrsonno charg6c 
de soutenir uno , impeacher. Sujot k 
, a etre mis en , 1. impeachable; 2. 
(law) indictable. Deferer uno (ft), to 
prefer a bill of indictment (to); dres- 
ser, riJdigor un acte d' , to frame an in- 
dictment ; ctre en 6tat d' , to stand in- 
dicted; faire une , to m.ake an accu- 
sation; intcnter une , to prefer an 
indictment ; juger une , to tnj an = ; 
mettre en , 1. to impeach; 2. (crim. 
law) to indict; ctre mis en , 1. to be 
impeached; 2. to stand indicted; pou- 
voir ctre mis en , (law) to be appjeaU 
able; prononcer la mise en , (law) to 
find a true bill; prononcer une ml3e 
en , to find an i-ndictment; saisir lo 
cour (des pairs) d'une , to exhibit ar- 
ticUs of:= ; soutenir une , 1. to make 
good articles of =.; 2. to support a 

ACCUSi; [a-ku-z6] n. m., E, n. t 1. ac- 
cused ; person accused ; 2. (law) pri- 

de rfiception, receipt ; acknmoledQ- 
ment of receipt ; qui refuse de r6pon- 
dre, (law) mute. 

ACCUSER [a-kn-i6] V. a. 1. I to 'to- 
cv-se ; 2. II (a, icith) to charge (accui.'c) ; 

3. to rise uj) in judgment against; 

4. to argue; to imply ; 5 to acknov> 
ledge; 6. (law) to arraign ; 7. (mcd) //; 
complain of. 

4. Los apparences aceutent ime intention, af- 
peaTancit argue an intention. 5. la r^ceptioa 
d'une luttre, (o acknowledge rce/jt)/ o/" a /ef. 

b. tort, to accuse, to charge wrort^ 
ly ; faussement do crime capital, (lawj 
to conspire. Qu'on ne pout , untnir 

Accuse, e, pa. p. V. senses of Accuem; 




a inal ; d male ; e fee ; e fovo ; e (&te ; ^ Je ; i il ; 1 tie ; o mol ; 6 mole ; d tncrt ; u sue ; i< t tae ; ou Jour : 

Non , ( K senses) 1. ti/nimpeacJied ; 
i. unarraigned. 

AC:6PIIALE [a-.-fa-i] adj. (lool.) 1. 
acephalous; 2. (subst.) s, (pi.) ace- 

ACEEBE [a-r-b] adj. 1. | acerb; 
hardh; 2. ^ harsh. 

Rendre , to acerhate. 

ACERBITi; [] n. J 1. H acer- 
I'Uy ; harshness; 2. ^ harshness. 

A.dni^, E [a-6-r] adj. 1. 1 steeled; 2. 
t sharp-edged ; sharp ; keen ; pierc- 

lig- ^ 
ACERER ra-6-r] V. a. 1 to steel. 

ACREU-X SE [a-S-reu,eui] adj. 
P>ot.) accrous ; acerose. 

AOESCENCE [] n. t (did.) 

ACESCENT, E [, t] adj. (did.) 

ACESTE [a-Jt-t] p. n. m. (class.) Aces- 

AC:6TATE [-t-t-t] n. m. (cliem.) 

AC:^T:fe, E ra-i-t] adj. t acidulated. 

AC:6TEU-X, SE [a-4-ted,eu-z] adj. 

(chem.) acetous. 
ACJfiTIQUE [a-t4-ti-k] adj. (chem.) 

AciTITE [a-a^-U-t] n. m. J (chem.) 

ACfiTUM [a--tnm] n. m. a-cetum. 

ACIIAB [a-kab] p. n. m. Ahab. 

ACUAlE [a-ka-i] p. n. C (geog.) 

ACHALANDAGE [a-eha-lao-da-j] n. m. 
1. act, art of procuring custom ; 2. cus- 
tom,; good-will. 

ACIIALANDER [a-.ha.lan-d4] V. a. to 
procure custom to. 

AoHALANDE, E, pa. p. huvinff eua- 

Bien , tcith a good custom, fitre 
, to have custom ; Gtre bien, fort , to 
have good custom; etre peu, uial , to 
hii/ce little cutstom. 

S" ACIIALANDER, pr. V. to get custom. 

ACH A UN ^ E [a-.har-n] adj. 1. (hunt) 
(itched; 2. 1 excited; S. 1 rabid; mad- 
Lvxii ; infuriated ; 4. (tli.) desperate; 
P. $ im-placable ; inveterate; enibitter- 
ed; 6. $ intense. 

4. (Jne lutte e, a desperate ttmgtj^e. 5. Une 
b.\hie e, an implacable hatred, 6. Une applica- 
tion e, uitense application, 

Non , (linnt.) unfleslced. 

ACIIARNEMENT [ a-.har-n-man ] n. 

m. 1. II rabidness; 2. desperation ; 3. 
{ implaeableness ; 4. stubborn ani- 
mosity; 5. % obstinacy. 

Avec , ( K senses) 1. unweariedly ; 
desperately; 2. implacably; in/vete- 
raiely ; 8. obstinately. 

ACIIAUNER [] v. a. 1. (hunt.) 
tojiesh; 2. | to excite; toset on; 8. I to 
madden ; to infuriate. 

8'acuauner, pr. v. 1. I to be excited; 
2. 1 to 6 rabid, maddened, infuriated ; 
8. to & implacable, inveterate. 

ACHARS [a-.har] n. in.(s>l) India 

ACHAT [a-tha] n. in. purchase. 

*u comptant, (com.) =; fot xish. 
k cr6dit, (com.) = on credit, j^x 
d' , = -money. dor et d'argent, 
looni.) ImlUon-qfflce. A litre d' , (law) 
h>y purchase ; par , par voio d' , by 
=. Faire 1" de, to purchase ; to make 
a purchase of; to buy ; fairo un , to 
make a ==. 

ACHATE [a-kat] p. n. m. (class.) 

4CnE [a-ih] n. f (hot) smallage ; age. 
- d'oan, skirret. 
. ACHEE [a-8li6] n. r. loh-xcorm. 

ACHEMINEMENT [a-.h-min-man] n. 

QL (a, to) step ; preliminary step ; pre- 
Wtrftory measure. 

ACIIE.MINV,R [a-ih-ml-nl v. a. (VBR8, 

it) to forward; to dispatch; to send; 
U/aeiul on. 

H'A OirEMINER, pr. V. 1. I (VKES^ to Set 

out {for a place); to direct o.s steps 
Xtotoards); 2. %(th.) to proceed; topro- 
^es;io get on, forward. 

ACHETER [a-ihw] V. a. 1. (A, of; a, 
ruim, for") to buy ; to purchase ; to 
make a purchase cif; % (b. s.) to buy ; 

to biibe; to svhom; 8. ** to barter; 
4. (com.) to buy in. 

1 q. ch. a q. ii.. to buy, to pnrcliase a. th. of 
a. 0.; q. ch. a q. u., to buy, to purchase a. u. 

cher, to buy, tojmrchasedenr; 
en bloc, to = in a lump ; comptant, 
au comptant, to = for cash, ready mo- 
tley; h bon compte, h bon marcho, to 
= cheap ; k credit, to =: o?i credit ; 
la part, les droits de, to = out ; chat 
en poche, to=z a pig in a poke. Faire 
q. a bien cher q. ch., to make a. o. 
pay dear for a. tfu 

AciiETE, E, pa. p. Fi senses of Aciieter. 

Non , 1. unbought; unpurchased; 
2. unsubomed ; unbribed. 

ACHETEUR [a-.h-teur] n. m. buyer; 

Masse des b, (pol. econ.) market. 

ACHEVI5, E [a-.h6-v] adj. ^.finished ; 
perfect; t/wrough; 2. true bred; 3. 
(b. s.) arrant; regular; down-right; 

4. (b. 8.) egregious ; 5. (tech.) trinvmefl,. 
Non , 1. unfinishea ; 2. (tech.) w. 


ACni:VEMENT [a-thJ-T-man] n. m. 1. 
completion ; finishing ; 2. trimming. 

ACIIEVER [a-8h6-v] V. a. 1. to com- 
plete; to finish; 2. to tcork out; 8. to 
e7id; 4. (b. s.) to#(/(kill); to dispatch; 

5. to give the finishing stroke to; 6. to 
serve t ut (a time of service) ; 7. (tech.) 
to trim.. 

Achfeve I achevez I ^ out itdth it I 

8,,-n. AcHBVHB, FiMK, TKRMiNKR, Tlie leading 
idea of achever is the conducting of ft thing to its 
final period; that of Jinir, the arrival of that pe- 
riod ; that of terminer, the cessation of a thing. 
We achevuna {complete) wliat is undertaken, by 
continuing to laboratit; viefiniiOm{finisK) what 
is in a state of forwardness, by ^uttuig the last 
touch to it ; we terminont (terminate) what ought 
not to last, by bringing it to a close. 

ACHILLE [a-shi-l] p. n. m. 1. Achilles; 
2. n. m. (anat.) tendon of Achilles ; 8. 8 
wuins^cerable argument; 4. species of 

ACillLL^E [a-shi-U] n. t (bot) mil- 

stemntatoire, goose-tongue. 
ACHIOTE [tt-shi-o-t] n. (dy.) achiote; 


ACniT [-shit] n. m. achith; (bot.) 

ACHLYS [nk-iis] p. n. f. 1. AcMys 
(goddess of darkness); 2. n. (med.) 

ACIIOPPEMENT [a-.ho-p-man] n. m. 
X stumbling. 

Pierre d" , stumbling-block; impe- 

ACnORES [a-ko-r] n. m. (pi.) (med.) 
aclior ; scald-head. 

ACIIROMATIQUE [a-kro-ma-ti-k] adj. 
(opt.) achromatic. 

ACHROMATISME [a-kro-ma-tUci] n 
m. (opt.) achrom atis!)n. 

ACIIRONIQUE [-kre-ni k] V. Aoro- 


ACICULAIRE [a-si-ku-U-r] adj. aoi- 

Cristal , (min.) needle. 

ACIDE [a-si-d] adj. 1. acid; tour; 2. 
(chem.) acid. 

ACIDE, n. m. 1. add ; 2. (chem.) acid. 

ACIDIFIER [a-si-di-fi-] V. a. (chem.) 
to acidify ; to sour. 

ACIDIT6 [a-si-di-t] n. acidity; 
acidness; sourness. 

ACIDUL6, E [ft-si-du-U] adj. acidu- 
lous; subacid. 

Substance e, subaclu. 

ACIDULER, V. a. to acidulatt. 

AciDULE, E, pa. p. acidulated. 

Trop , superacidulated. 

ACIER [a-si] n. m. 1. steel (metal.); 
2. (med.) steel. 

fondu, caM =; Indien, wootz, 
vjootz ; naturel, de forge, de fusion, 
natural = ; raftinft, shear =; ponlo, 
de cementation, blistered =. Duret6 
d" , steeliness ; fll iV , = -wire. Ou- 
VTSges d' ,= -^corks. D' , 1. <>/'=; 2. 
steely. Convert, revCtii d' , 1. covered 
lOitJi = ; 2. steel-clad. Tremper I" , 
lO temper r=. 

AClfiRER [ft-sir] V. a. to convert in- 
to steel. 

S'acierer, pr. V. to become steel. 
ACIltRIE fa si-ril n. steel^woiko. 

ACINEU-X, SE [a-si-neu,l] ac^j. ooS 
nose; acinous. 

ACME [aknii] n. m. (med.") acme. 

ACOL'i'TE [ttko-iy-t] n. m.' 1. accli,fr^ 
acolothyst; 2. 1 compeer. 

A-COMPTE [a-kon-t] n. na. (cou.) fry 

A CON, V. AccoN. 

ACONIT [a-ko-ni-t] n. m. (bot) aoo- 
nite ; ^ wolf's bane. 

tue-chevre, goafs bane; tuo 
chien, dog's bane. 

ACOQUINANT, E [a-ko-ki-nin, t] adj. 
+ captivating; bewitcliing ; faadtun- 

4.C0QUINER [a-ko-ki-n] V. a. + *) 
af'Hvate; to bewitch; to fascinate. 

S'acoqciner, pr. v. fto become cvpti- 
vated, irresistibly attached. 

AQORES (LES) [U-za-so-r] p. n. (pi.) 
(geog.) Tlte Azores. 

ACOTYLflDONE [a-ko-ti-16-do-n] adj. 
'^bot.) acotyledonous. 

ACOTVLfiDONE, a (bot) aeoty- 
.edonous plant. 

A-COUP [a-kou] n. m. pL ,ierk. 

Par , 1. by jerks ; 2. by fits ami 

ACOUSTIQUE [ft-kons-ti-k] adj. 1. 
acyustic ; 2. (anat) acoustic ; audi- 

Cordon , speaking-pipe ; comet , 
ear-tt^mpet; nerf , (anat) acoustic, 
auditory nerve; voftte , whispering- 
dome, gallery. 

ACOUSTIQUE, n. (sing.) acmistics. 

AcQUEEAis, indl imperf 1st, 2d sing. 


AcQUERANT, pres. p. 

ACQUtREUR [*-k rsar] a. m. 1. >v.t/. 
er ; purchaser ; 2. (law) vendoc ; W 
(law) bargainee, 

ACQUERIR, [-k-rir] V. n. Incu. 
(acquerakt; acquis; ind. pres. Ao^m- 
EK8 ; NOUS ACQUERoxs ; fut ac<j;tgi.tjj) 

1. I to buy; to purchase; 2. to (M 
quire; tobe an acquirer of; to cbtu'yn; 
'f to get ; 8. (fend, law) to conquer. 

Faculty d" . a cqvir ability ; persoano 
qui acquiert. acquirer (of); qn'ou 
pent , acquirable ; s' q. u., to make 
a. o. o.''s own. 

ACQUilRIlt Ja.k-rir] V. n. Irreft 
(conj. like Acquekie) (of ^^ines) to iwi- 

AcQUERKAi, Ind. fat 1st sing, of Acquk- 


AcQUBRRAis, cond. 1st, 2d sing. 

ACQUETS [a-k] n. m. (pi.) (Fr. lawl 
property belonging to ths Misband 
and wife, obtained by one of them. 

AcQUiERE, subj. pres. 1st, 3d sing. r>i 

AcytTiKnENT, ind. <fc subj. pres. 3d pi. 

AcyuiEia, ind. pres. 1st, Ski sing. ; ini- 
pera. 2d. sing. 

Acquiert, ind. pres. 3d sirg. 

ACQUIESCEilENT [a-ki-i o-min] n. 
m. (A) acquiescence {in) ; compUcuiyi 

Non , reftis d' ,non-=:. 

ACQUIESCER [a-ki-i-s*] v. n. (A) to 
acptiesce {in); to comply {icith). 

Refiis d' , n Oil-acquiescence ; non 
compliance. Dispose, porto & , -icqui- 
escent; qui refuse d' , nun-romply- 

AcQtrbiES, ind. pret 1st pi. of Ac<jro- 


Acquis, ind. pret Ist, 2d sli.'g. 

Acquis, e, pa. p. 

ACQUIS, E [a-ki, .] adj. 1. a:-qmrcd; 

2. (med., snrg.) adventiiions. 

Non , 1. unacquired; 2. uncaught 
Antorit>> e, poiivoir , acquisition. 

ACQUIS [a-ki] n. m. acquirements ; 

ACQUISITION [a-ki-if-si5n] n. *.. | 
purchase; acquisition ; acquirement ; 
2. (feud, law) conquest 

Contiat d" , (law) deed of purciuiea, 
Faire , I' de, to purchase ; to make a 
ptirchnse of; feire une , to '^nake a 

AcQuissi subj. ii|M5r Itt slii;; cl 





<f& joftte ; eu Jeu ; eii jefine ; e& peur ; an pan ; In pin ; on bon ; Mn bran ; 'll Hq. ; gn !lq. 

ACQUIT [a-ki] D m. 1. discharge; 
i. (bil.) lead; 3. (coin.) receipt. 

a caution, (cust) permit ; de sorte, 
(cust) coiket. A, en 1' de,/or the dis- 
charge of, par maniere d' , for form's 
take; pour , (com.) (at the foot of a 
bll), invoice) received; red; paid; pd. 
6o faire delivrer un a caution, (cust.) 
fc Uike out, to receive a permit; donner 
(de), to give a receipt {Jbr) ; donner 
I , (bi.) to lead; faire q. ch. par nia- 
iJr^re d' , t'y do a. th. for the sake of 
itfi^ng it is done; jouer a 1' , to play 
off; mettle son, un a, sur, (com.) to re- 
ceipt (a bill) ; to put a receipt to. Son 
re?u vous servira d" , his receipt shall 
le your discharge. 

Acquit, ind. pret 8d sing, of Acquekie. 

AoqtTiT, subj. imperf. 3(1 sing. 

AcQuiTBS, ind. pret 2d pi. 

ACQUITTEMENT [a-ki-t-man] n. m. 
1 . (of debts) disc/targe ; liquidation ; 
payment; clearing; 2. (\a,v/) acquittal 
(of a prisoner). 

ACQUITTEE [a-ki-t] v. a. 1. fc per- 
fonn ; to fulfil ; 2. to ease (o.'s con- 
science); 3. to disoliarge (a debt); to 
liquidate; to clear; to pay; to pay 
off'; 4. (de, of) to clear (of an accusa- 
tion); 5. (com.) to receipt (a bill, an in- 
voice) ; to put a receipt to ; to put 
"paid"' to; 6. (com.) to pay (a bill of 
exchange); to take up; 7. (law) to ac- 
quit (a. o). _ 

AcQuiTTE, E, pa. p. {V. of Ac- 
quittee) (of bills, of invoices) receipt- 

Non , 1. unperformed ; unfulfilled ; 
2 (of debts) unliquidated; unpaid; 
p.. (law) (pers.) unacquitted,. 

8'acquitter, pr. v. 1. (de, ...)to per- 
form, ; to fulfil ; 1. (de) to discharge 
(...); to acquit o.'s self (of) ; 3. (de, . . .) 
to discharge (a debt) ; to liquidate ; to 
clear ; to pay ; to pay cff. 

Action de , 1. performance ; fulfil- 
'n.fmi; 2. discharge; 3. (of a debt) dis- 
\'iii''g; iiquidation. 

^'tn. AccjunTfe, quittb. One is acqnitU wLen 
ft^ \ 30 paid all that he owes at the moment ; he 
V 'Piitti when he owes nothing iii'TC at all. One 
bit ncfutS' several notes of )uind, but he is not 
ffxUte until the last is paid. 

Ac'fuUii amveySy in general, the idea of pay- 
ment; ^fft^ impfies nothing more than exempli n, 
d Ischarge. To be acfuitti of a debt is to have paid 
it; t-^ be q'tilte of it is to be liberated from the 
obligation in any way, whether by a compromiso 
or by the gift of the creditor. 

ACRATIE, ACRAT6E [a-kr.-.t, u] n. 
t (med.) xceakness ; debiliti/. 

ACRE [a-kr] n. f. acre. 

Acre [a-kr] adj. l. | acrid; tart; 
acrimonious ; 2. acrimouicus ; tart. 

ACRETfe [a-kr-t] n. f. 1. I acrity; 
acridness ; acritude; acrimony ; tart- 
ness; 2. acrimony; acrimonious- 
ness ; tartness. 

ACRIMONIE [a-kri-mo-ni] n. C 1. 

(med.) acrimony ; 2. acrimony. 

Avec . acrimoniously. 

ACRIMONIEU-X, SE [a-kri-mo-oi-ea, 
o-i] adj. IJ acrimonious. 

ACR'ISE [a-kri-s] pr. n. m. (class.) Acri- 

ACROBATE [a-kro-ba-t] n. m. C rope- 


adj. and p. n. m. pi. (anc. geog.) Acroce- 
rauninn Mountains. 

ACROCIIORDON [a-kro-kor-don] n. m. 
(;':r^.) acrochordon. 

ACROMION [a-krt.mi.on] n. m. (anat.) 

ACKONYQUE [a-kro-ni-k] adj. (as-x.) 

ACROPATHIE [a-kro-pa-ti] n, f. (med.) 
nj^Ziu'ion of ami extremity of tits body. 

ACROPOLE [a-kro-po-ij n. f. 1. (anc. 
Hot.) acropolin ; citadel; 2. p. n. C 
Acropolis of AthenH. 

ACROSTICIIE [a-kros-ti-sh] adj. ao-os- 


ACROSTICIIE, n. m. acrostic. 

Kn forme d' , arrosUcally. 

ACROTi:RE [tt-kro-tJ-r] n. m. (arch.) 
I. acroteria; 2. hlocking-co-arse; 3. 
IntiV.) cape ; promontory. 

ACTE [ak-t] n. m. '.. itct; 2. action ; 

3. instrument ; document ; 4. (of a 
play) act; 5. s, (pi.) (adm.) registers, 
pi. ; 6. (law) deed ; title-deed ; 7. (law) 
charter (contract) ; 8. (pari.) act ; act oj 
parliament; 9. (physiol.) act; 10. 
(school) act (thesis). 

faux, (law) forged deed ; forgi /^/ ; 
judiciaire, 1. judicial act; 'i. vi< s) 
torit; simule, Qaw) feigyied =; va- 
lable, (law) good, valid = ; sous soing, 
80U3 seing prive, (law)=. E.xpcdition, 
grosse d"un , Claw) copy qfa-=. Altti- 
rer un , (law) (b. s.) to alter a = ; de- 
mander de, (law) to apply for an offi- 
cial certificate of; donner dti, (law) 
to deliver an official certificate of; 
passer un , (law) to enter into a = ; 
prendre de, 1. (law) to receive an offi- 
cial certificate of: 2. to declare o.'s 
intention of availing o.'s self of ; redi- 
ger un , (law) to draw up a = ; rendre 
un parfait, (law) to execute a =; re- 
silier un , (law) to cancel a =; signer 
un , (law) to tcitness a = ; signifler 
un judiciuiro h q. a., to serve a writ 
upon a. o. 

ACT^E [ak-t6] n. C (bot) actcea. 

a cpis, bane-berry. 

AC-TEUR [ak-teur] n. m. TRICE [tri-s] 
n. f. 1. actor, m. ; actress, f. ; perform- 
er, m. ; player, m, f. ; 2. (b. s.) stage- 
player, m. 

ACTI-F, VE [ak-ti-f, i-v] adj. 1. active ; 
2. (com.) active; brisk; 3. (gram.) act- 

Masse active, (com., law) assets, pi. 

ACTIF [ak-ti-f] n. m. 1. (law) assets ; 
2. (gram.) active voice. 

net, (law) surplus; et passif, 
(com.) assets and debts. A 1' , (gram.) 
1. in the actite voice ; 2. actively. 

ACTINIE [ak-ti-ni] n. (polyp.) sea- 

ACTION [ak-sion] n. C 1. action; 2. 
act ; 3. deed ; 4. (com.) sluire ; 5. s, 
(pi.) (com.) stock; 6. (law) action; suit; 
suit at lata ; 7. (mil.) action ; engage- 
ment ; battle ; 8. (i)hysioL) act; 9. (rheL) 

Boime , good action, deed ; cessl- 
ble, (com.) transferable share ; con- 
traire, 1. contrary =; ; 2. counter =z ; 
nominative, (com.) personal share; 
transmissible, au porteur, (com.) trans- 
ferable share ; vitale, vital = ; life 
blood ; dcclat, splendid deed. Passi- 
ble de 1' publique, (law) indictable; 
defaut, manque d' , (th.) inactivity; 
suspension d" , (law) discontinuance 
of suit. En, 1. in = ; 2. on foot; 3. 
in motion ; 4. (mach.) in gear ; hors d" , 
(mach.) out of gear ; par s, (com.) (of 
compamni) joint stock ; sans , 1. (th.) 
inactive; 2. deedless. Entrer en , 
(mil.) to begin operations ; faire une , 
to perform anz=, a deed; intenter une 
(a), (law) to bring a suit (against); 
mettre en , to carry into = ; to bring 
out Qui determine une , (did.) mo- 
tive; que Ton peut poursuivre par , 
(law) (th.) actionable. Denue, depoiirvu 
a' , (th.) inactive. 

Syn. AcTtoN, Acte. Action isapplied to what- 
ever is done, in general ; acte only to that which 
is remarkable or extraordinary. The sentiments 
of the heart are easier to be discovered by one's 
actions than by one*8 words; it is an heroic arte tc 
f irgive an enemy when we have him in our power. 
The good man is cautious in all Uitacti/ma t^>avoid 
the appearance of evil ; a great prince is anxious 
to marK every year by some distmgiiis'ied acte of 
virtue or wisilom. 

ACTIONNAIRE [ak-sio-ni-r] n. m. 
(com.) 1. share-holder ; 2. stock-holder. 

ACTIONNER [ak-sio-nf] V. a. (law) to 
bring, to enter an action against; to 

Que Ton peut , (pers.) actionable. 

ACTIVE.MENT [ak-ti-v-man] adv. 1. 
activeli/ : 2. (^axn.) activeh/. 

ACTIVKR [ak-ti-v] V. a'l. to accele- 
rate ; to give increased activity to ; to 
hasten; tohastenon; to press; to urge 
on; to forward; 2. to urge (a Are). 

ACTIVITY [ak-ti-vi-t6] n. t. 1. activity; 
2 action; 3. (adm.) active service; 4. 
(a. & m.) employment 

En , 1. in activity ; 2. (adm.) in ac- 
tive service ; 3 (a. i m.) in employ- 

ment ; en non , (ad:a) not in acUiH 
service ; en pleine , (a &, m.) in fuli 
employment, icork. 

ACTUEL, LE [uk-tn-el] adj. 1. actual; 
effective ; 2. (of time) present ; 3. fi/r 
the time being. 

ACTUELLEMENT [ ak-tu-e-: miu ] 
adv. at present; at the present Imtu:, 
moment; now. 

ACUlT:^ [a-ku-i-t] n. t (mils ) aerate 

A0UMIN6, E [a-ku-mi-n] adj. (bol) 

30 umina te ; acmnina ted. 

ACUPONCTURE [a-ku ponk-ti-r] a C 

(surg.) acupuncture. 

ACUTANGLE [a-ku-tan-gl] mlj. (matb.) 

ACUTANGUL6, E [ a-kn-tan-gu W ] 
adj. (bot) acute-angled. 

AD [ad] prefix used in French in the 
comi)osition of wortls derived from La- 
tin : AD.METTRE (ad-mitterc), to admit ; 
is sometimes added to French words, 
not immediately derived from the Latin : 
An.iUGER (ad-juger) to adjudge. 

Jm the composition of "words the d oi 
C-' is often changeil, for the sake of eu- 
pt..)ny, into the same letter as that befort' 
whioli it is placed : attribuer (at-tribu- 
ere for ad-tribuere), to attribute. 

ADAGE (a-da-j) n. m. adage; sat/ing. 

Passo en , j)roverbial. On dit eri 
commun , it is a common adage, say- 

ADAGIO [ada-ji-o] n. m. (mus.) ada- 
gio ; slow movement. 

ADAM [a-dau] p. n. m. Adam. 

Poii\me d" , 1. (anat) Adam's ap- 
ple; 2. (hot.) Adam's apple. Je ne 1.? 
connais <i\ iVkve, iii d'Adam ^, / knovi 
nothing tt all about him. 

ADAMVNTIN, E [ a-da-man Hn, tt-n ] 
adj. (min.) adamantine. 

^ADAPTATION [a-dap-ta-slSn] U. t % 
(a, to) adaptation. 

ADAPTER [a-dap.i6] V. a. (a, to) 1 k 
adapt; 2. to apply; 'i. to suit; L ij 
trim up. 

Facult6 d'etre adapts, adaptalUlIn;. 
Que Ion peut , adaptable. 

Adaptk, e, pa p. K senses of Adai^ 

Non, pen (h), unaccommodatei 
(to) ; unfit (/or) ; unsuitable (for) ; t*- 
suited (to). 

S'apapter, pr. V. (V. senses of Adap 
ter) (a, to), 1. to apply; l.toftt; 3. to 

Pouvoir , to be adaptable. 

ADATIS, ADATAIS [a-da-ti, t^] n. m. 
adatais (East India muslin). 

ADDITION [ad-di-sion] n. 1. (a, (o) 
addition; 2. summing up; 3. biU; 
reckoning; 4. (math.) addition; 5. 
(print) side-note. 

cotnposee, (arith.) compound ad- 
dition; simple, (arith.) simple =, 
en liache, (print) interlineary mat- 
ter. Par , additionally. Fail e une 
(a), to make au = (to) ; "faire des , 1. 
to make =^; 2. to add ; to add up ; ti 
cast up; to sum up; faire 1' de, fe) 
add ; to add up ; to cast up ; to sunt 

ADDITIONNEL, LE [ad-di-rio-nM] a^j. 

ADDITIONNER [ad-di-sio-n] v. a. to 
add ; to add up ; to cast up ; to sum 

ADDUCTEUR [ad-duk-teur] adj.(anRt) 

Muscle , = muscle. 

ADDUCTEUR, a m (anal) addua- 

ADDUCTION [ad-duk-sion] n f aoLon 
of the adductors. 

ADKLE [a-de-i] p. n. Adda. 

ADELIMll.XIE [a-dM-nk-si] n. (n.o.1) 
sympathy between different patie oJ 
tlie bodi/. 

ADELSTAN [a-dM-itan] p. n. m. kViel- 

ADEMPTION [a-danp-aiSi] n t (iBW) 

ademption ; revocation. 

AI)]5;naLGIE [a-dS-nnl-ji] n. t (med.) 
pain in a guind. 

ADfiNEMPHRAXIE r-d6-nan-fta>: oQ 
n. (mM.) obstruction of a gland. 




am&i; d male ; e fee ; feve ; c fBte ; <f je ; i il ; J ile ; o mol ; 6 mole <5 uirrt ; u snc ; i sftre ; ou jeer ; 

ADlilNITE r.i-<i-ni-t] n. f. (mtd.) in- 
flammation or the (/lands. 

AD:6N0LdGIE [a-di-uo-Io-ji] n. C 

ADKNONCOSE [n-d^-non-ko-i] n. m. 
(nied.) glandular tumor. 

ai)i^:no-1'1iakyngite [n-d^-nofa- 

ifc-ji-tl n. f. (ineA) inflammation of tlie 

AiJfiNOS [ad6-no-i] n. m. adenos; 

murine cotton. 

ADi;NOTOMIE [ ] n. f. 
(.niit ) adenotomy. 

AD6I'1IAGIE [,i-d6-fK-ji] n. f. (vned.) 
insatiable appetite. 

ADEPTE [H-dep-t] n. in. t J adept. 

ADI^QUAT, K [a-d-koua, t] adj. (phi- 
los.) adequate. 

ADllfiKENCE [ad^-ran-.] n. f. 1. B (A, 

to) adJierenee ; adhenion ; 2. t (b. s.) 
adhesion; S.(i>hys.) adhesion ; 4(8urg.) 

Avec, par , ! by adliesion; adhe- 

ADIlf^UIENT, E [-d-ran,t1 adj. 1. | 
(a, to) adherent; 2. (did.) adherent 

D'une manicre e, adherently. Etre 
. to adhere. 

5yn. ArniKRENT, attaoik anxk\6. a thing 
adiilierent by Ihe union wliieh nature prcdui-es, or 
whicli prooeids Ironi a contiimily f nmtter; it is 
aaicU by arbitrary tics which keep it ilc ee tu 
wme otlier (.bject ; ll is annexe by a simple j'lnc- 
tion, estnUished by inolinati m or liuniaii insMtu- 
tions. The branches are adhirent to the trunk ; 
ails are attach to ihe mast, and tapestry to walls ; 
tome slatioiis and benefi.-es are anntxi to others, 
to rendiT Un'ni more considerable, 

ADH:^EEXT [a-d6-riui] n. m. 1 ad- 

ADHERER [a-rt-r] V. n. (a, to) 1. 1 
to adhere; to Oe adhesive; to cohere; 
to stick clone ; to stick fast; to stick on ; 
?. to adhere. 

a q. 11., a q. ch., to allu-re to a. o., toa. ih. 

Qui pent , qui tend tl , (pliys.) co- 

/.I>UtbI-F,VE [a-d^sif, i-y] adj. (med.) 
fui'ic&ii e. 

ADllfelON [a-dSsicn] n. ,1. (a, to) 
'Adhesion; adherence ; 2. (a, to) ad- 
uion; 3. {k,with) compliance; 4. 
'eutg.) adhesion. 

Kveri. par , (med.) adhesively. 

AD HOC [a-dok] adv. directly ; pre- 
jiaely ; to tlie point. 

" AD IIOXORES " [ft-do-n6-r6-i] Iwno- 


ADIANTE [a-di-an-t] n. f. (bot) adi- 

ADIEU [a-dieu]adv. ffood-by ; adieu; 

le, la, Ics . . . , adieu to (a. tli.) ; (/ood- 
t>y to (a. til.). Sans I / icill not hid 
you adieu! I shall see you again! 
Dire (ii), 1. \ to take afurercell {of) ; 
to hid, to say adieu, fareicell, good-hy 
(to) , to take leave (of) ; dire h q. cli., 
to bid adieu, good-by to a. th. ; va ! 
(nsv.) about ship ! helm's a lee ! 

ADIEU, II. in. adieu; fareicell. 

D' , parting ; fa reicM. Faire ses 
X, to take o.'s farewell, leave ; faire .ses 
X (a), to bid, to say good-by (to a. o.) ; 
to take leave (of) ; to bid adieu (to) ; to 
lake o.'s farewell (of). 

ADII'EU-X, SE [] adj. 
(nat.) adipose; adipous. 

ADIPOCIUE [a-di-po-i-r] n. f. adipo- 

ADIRER [adi Ti] V. a. (law) to put out 
of the icay ; to lose. 
ADITION [a-di-.ion] n. f.(law) iccepU 

ADJACENT, K [ad jasan, i] adj. 1. ad- 
taecnt: 2. 'geoiii.) adjacent. 

ADJECrrT-F. VE [.d-j6c-tif,l.v] adj. 
(t^iam.) ad^jcctire. 

AD.IECTIF [ad-jJc-tif] u. ra. (gram.) 

AD.IECTI VEM KNT [ ad-jic-ti-T-maD ] 
B<lv. (gram.) adjettively. 

AD.TOIXDRE [ad-jin-dr] v. a. (conj. 
Ute Crainmikk) (a, to) 1. to adjoin (a. o.) ; 
1. to assign, to give as a coadjutor. 

8'aojoisduk, pr. v. to take as a coad- 

ADJOINT, E [id join, t] adj. 1. assia- 
'ant; 2. (adm.) depvXy. 

ADJOINT [ad-join] n. m. 1. assistant; 
%. coadjutor ; colleague; 8. (of mayors) 
deputy-mayor ; deputy; 4. (udm.) de- 
puty ; 5. (gram.) adjunct. 

Commissaire , deputy-commissary; 
maire , = mayor; receveur , = 
collector. Fonctions d" , coadjutorship. 

ADJONCTION [ad-jonk-sion] n. 1. 
adjunction ; 2. (gram.) zeugma. 

ADJUDANT [ad-ju-dan] n. m. (mil.) 

general, = general. Fonctions d' , 

ADJUDICATAIRE [ad-ju-di-ka-tj-r] 1. (of sales by anctwn) purchasing ; 
2. (adm.) contracting ; that has t/ie 

ADJUDICATAIRE, n. m. 1. (of sales 
by auction) purchaser ; 2. (adm.) con- 

awarding ; adjudging. 

Arret , adjudication. 

ADJUDICATION [ad-ju-di-ka-siSn] n. 
1. auction ; sale by auction ; 2. (adm.) 
contract; 8. (law) recovery. 

a I'e.xtinction des feu.x, auction, sale 
by inch of candlt ; an rabais, Dutch 
auction. Far , fadni.) by contract. 
Mettre en , (adm.) to put up to con- 
tract; to contract for. 

ADJUGER [ad-ju-jf] V. a, 1. to ad- 
judge : to award ; 2. (a, to) (by auction) 
to knock dcncn ; 3. (adm.) to give, to 
grant a contract for (a. th. to a o.); 4. 
(law) to adjudicate. 

Adjugo ! (of things sold by auction) 
gone ! Se faire , ( V. senses) (adm.) 1. 
to obtain the contract for ; 2. (law) to 

ADJURATION [ad-ja-r-il-sion] n. 

(Rum. catli. rel.) adjuration. 

ADJURER [ad-ju-r6] Y. a. (de, to) to 

ADJUVANT, E [ad-jn-van, t] adj. 
(med.) adjuvant. 

AD LIBITUM [ad-li-bi-tom] adv. at 
pleasure ; as you icill. 

Ad.met, Ind. pres. Sd sing, of Admet- 


ADMi;TE [ad-mJ-t] p. n. m. (class.) 

Admets. ind. pres. 1st, 2d sing. ; impera. 
2d sing, of Ad.metti'.e. 

Ahmettais, ind. imperil 1st, 2d sing. 

Ad.mettaxt, pres. p. 

Ad.mette, subj. pres. 1st, 8d sing. 

Ad.mettrai, ind. fut. 1st sing. 

Admettrais. cond. 1st, 2d sing. 

AD.METTRE [ad-mj-tr] V. a. irreg. 
(conj. like Mettre) 1. I (da.ns, into) to 
admit (a. o. a. wli.); to give admittance 
to: 2. (A, to) to admit (a. th.); 3. 
(til.) to admit of; to allmc of. 

comme vrai, to concede. Ne pas , 

1. 1 not to admit; 2. to vote out; to 
black-baU. fitre admis (dans), to gain, 
to get admittance {into, to). Dcmander 
n etre adini.s, to beg admittance ; prier, 
solliciter d'etre aJ nis, to request, to soli- 
cit admittance; faire (h), to admit (to, 
into). Personne qui admet, udmitter 
(of). En admettant, 1. in, by admit- 
ting ; 2. by the admission of. Gene- 
ralement adinis, (th.) generally admit- 
ted ; current 

AD.Mi.MES, ind. pret 1st pi. of Ad- 

ADMINICULE [ad-mi-ni-ko i] n. m. 
(\av;) presumptiveproof; presumption. 

AD.MINISTRA-TEUR [ad-mi-nis-lra- 
teur] n. m. TRICE [tri-s] n. 1. adminis- 
trator, in. ; admintstratria; ; 2. trus- 
tee; 3. (of the poor) griardian. 

Fonctions d' , 1. adminixlriilorship; 

2. trust^e-ihlp ; 8. guardian.thip. 
ADMINISTRATl-F, VE [ud-mi-nis-tra- 

tif, i-v] adi. administratite. 

A DMINISTRATION nd-mi-nis-tra-.i.n.] 
n. 1. administration; ^.trusteeship; 

3. guardiatiship, , maladininistration ; 
misgovemment. Susceptible d" , ad- 

flj/n. ADMINI8TRATION,noUT8R>eMK.Vr,RftfiIMK. 

The f.vvf rnement is that which directs pnblic af. 
fairs ; ind rlgime is the system of disciplme estati- 
iiahed by \\i% g/juvernement ; the adminUtratinn is 
th metuod of executing what ia ordaiaed by tie 

ffour irnernent, and reg;iilated by the rccime. Th* 
gotivemement oii^ht to be wise; the regimi, miid. 
the adit.inialraiitm, just. 


nis-tra-ii-v-man] adv. administrativtly. 
ADMINISTR6 [ad-mi-nis-tr] n. m. E 

n. 1. person binder a. o.'sadministrof 
lion ; 2. person under a. o.'s jurlsdio- 

f;tre r de q. n., to he. to live \i%dar 
a. o.'s administration ; 2. to be icithi-t 
a. o.'s jnrisdictioji. 

ADMIN ISTRER, v. a. 1. (.\, to) to ficl 
minister; 2. to administer (gl>-); 3. to 
administer (justice); to dispense; to 
distribute; 4. (\a.\\) to furnish (proof); 
5. (law) to find (witnesses); 6. (re'-) t 
administer (tlie sacrament) ; 7. (rel.) 
to administer the last sacraments to 
(a. o.). 

Droit d' , (law) letters of adminis- 
tration (to administer the estate of an 

ADMIRABLE [ad-mi-ra-bl] sA]. {de, to ; 
que. [sub].]) admirable. 

AD.M I'l: A BLEMENT[ad-mi-ra-bl6-man] 
adv. admirablti. 

ADMIRANT, E [ad-mi-ran, t] adj. ad 

ADMIRA-TEUR [ad-mi-ra-tur] n. m. 
TRICE [tri-s] n. admirer. 

ADMIRATI-F, VE [ad-mi-ra-Uf, i-v] 
adj. of admiration. 

Genre , style intended to ecccite ad- 
miration; point , (gram.) note of ad- 

ADMIRATION [ad-mi-ra-sion] n. 1. 

admiration; 2. object of adtniration ; 
3. ^ (per8.)j?ajne (person loved). 

Point d' , (gram.) 7iote of admira, 
tion. Avec , v;ith=; admirinffly; 
dans r , admiring ; tout dans 1" , iitf- 
admiring ; sans , 1. witJtout = , 2. 
unadmired ; Z. unadminng. Avoii dj 
r pour, etre dans 1" de, to admir* ; 
to be in = of; to feel =:for; saisir d'- -, 
to strike with =:. 

Ad-mikent, ind. prrt 8d pi. ol A> 

Ad.mire.nt, ind. pres. 8d pi. of Au- 


ADMIRER [ad mi-r] V. a. 1. to ad' 
mire; 2. (b. s.) to wonder {at); to bt 
astonished (at). 

ADMIRER, v. n. 1. to admire; 2. 
(que, [subj.]) to xconder; to be auto 

Qui admire p?n, U7iadmi)~ing. 

Admire, e, pa p. admired. 

Non, peu , unadmired. 

Admis, ind. pret 1st, 2d sing, of Alt 

Ad. MIS, E, pa. p. 

Admisse, subj. imperf 1st sing. 

ADMISSIBILITE [ad-nu-si-bi-U-t] a 
(a. to) admissibility. 

ADMISSIBLE [ad-mi-si-bi] adj. 1. (a, 
to) admissible ; 2. allowable. 

Dune maniire , admissibly. 

ADMISSION [ad-mi-sion] n. (A, to) 1. 
[ admission ; admittance ; 2. admit- 
sioH (reception). 

Admissio.ns, subj. imperf 1st pi. of Ad 

Ad-mit, ind. pret 3d sing. 

Admit, subj. imperf 3d sing. 

Admites. ind. jiret 2d pi. 

ADMONI^rPER [ad-mo-n-ti] V. 8. t 
(law) to reprimand ; 2. (can. law, school) 
to admonish. 

ADMONKSTION [ad-mo-nei-tion] n. t 

(eecl. liist) admonition. 

AD.MONl-TEUR [ad-mo-ni-tenr] L VO. 

TRICE [tri-s] n. adviser. 

ADMONITION [ad-mo-ni-si'5n] a C L 
(law) reprimand ; 2. (school) adi.xoui- 

ADOLESCENCE [n-do-lJ-ai:-s] r> i 
adolescence ; adolescent y. 

ADOLESCENT, E [n-do-li-win, t] w]J. 

ADOLESCENT, n. m. E, n. C ado 
lescent, m. ; lad. ni. ; lass, t. ; strip- 
ling, 111. 

A DOLPIIE [a-ooi-f] p. n. m. Adolphvt 

A DONIEN [a-do-ni-in] NE [o-i.]. 

ADONIQUE [a-doni-k] ary. (vers.] 
ADONIS [a-do-nVi n. m 1. (niTtb.i 




oajodtn; eu}on; ei'i jeii-.c; eA pcur; 

'in; lu pin; on bon; un brnn; U liq 

"gn liq. 

Adonis; 2. ^ fine beau; S. (bot.) 

ADONISEIi [a-do-ni-z6] V. a. \. to dress 
tfut, up ; 2. to bedizen. 

8' , 1. to d/'6's o.'s self out, up ; 2. to 
ilzen o.'5 se^/ 

ADONNEll (S") [sa-do-nfi] pr, v. (a, to) 
1 to give o.'s set/- to give o.'s ielf up ; 
I to apply o.'s self (to a. tli.) ; to j/Jce 
jj-plicaiion ; 3. (b. s.) to ?*? addicted ; 
1 (of aiiimab) to bec-omo attached (tc 
\ i). 

litre adonne (a), to be given (to); 2. 
(b 8.) to //6 addicted (to). 

ADUNNEIi [a-do-n6] v. n. (nav.) (of 
the wind) to veer. 

ADOPTANT [a-dop-tAn] n. ni. (law) 

ADOPTS, E [a-dop U] adj. (tli.) adop- 

Non , unadopted. 

ADOPTS., n. 111. E, n. f. adoptive. 

ADOl'TEK, [a-<lop-ie] V. a. 1. II to adopt 
(a. o.) ; 2. il (as a son) to affiliate ; 3. to 
adopt (a. til.) ; ^ to take up. 

:\. niie opinion, un systems, to adopt, Ui lake 
upu/ioyixiun, o j.stem. 

Personnc qui adopte, ! adopter (of). 

ADOPTl-E, VE [a-dop-tif, i-v] adj. 
(pers.) 1. ado/itive (auopling); 2. adop- 

Non , (pers.) unadopted. Enfant 
, 1. II adopted, adoptiee child ; 2. * 
foster babe, child ; ctat , adoption 
(state) ; mere adoptive, 1. || adoptive 
mother ; 2. %/oster-mother ; |)ilre , 1 
I adojjtiee fatJier ; 2. ^foster-father. 

ADOPTION [a-dop-si.-m] n. f. 1. II 
adoption (action) ; 2. (as a son) affilia- 

ADORABLE [a-do-ra-bi] adj. 1 ado- 

Quality , adorableness. D'liue ms- 
ti^re , adoralily. 

ADOKA-TEUK [-do.rt taur] n. in. 
TEJCE [tri-.l n. 1. \ worshipper ; * 
aXoi er ; 2. \ adcrer ; admirer ; lov- 

Bias , 1. I unworshipped ; una- 
dwed; 2. ictthout adorers, admirers, 

ADORATION [a-do-ra-.ion] n. C i 
icor'jhip ; adoration. 

Sans , unworshipped ; unadored. 

ADOItEIt [a do-r.s] V. a. 1. 1 to icor- 
s7dp ; to offer, to render worship to ; 
to adore ; 2. to worship ; to adore. 

Dieu, son Dieu, to worship God ; 
to worship ; ses clieu.\, ses idoles, to 

Adoue, k, pa. p. worshipped ; adored. 

Non , uilicorshipped ; unadored. 

ADOS [a.d6] n. m. (liorL) shelving 

ADOSSEU [a-do-.] V. a (a) 1. j to lean, 
to set, to put a. o.''s "hack (against); 2. 
to lean, to support (a. tli. against a. 

Adosse, e, pa. p. (V. senses of Ados- 
8EU) back to back. 

S'adosser, pr. V. (a) 1. to lean o.'s 
back (agcdnst); to lean (against); 2. 
to stand back to back. 

ADOUI'.EPv [a-dou-bil V. n. (chess) to 
adjaxt, to arrange a piece. 

jadoube, "j'adoube."' 

ADOUOIU [a-dou-8i.] V. a. 1. I to soft- 
en ; to soften down ; 2. | to smooth ; to 
sir.oothdoim; to polish; S. \ % to .nceet- 
#)! ; 4. to render, to jnake mild; 5. 
t'y r mder, to make gentle ; to temper ; 
6. i to mollifi/ ; 7. to aUai/ ; to as- 
fnage ; tc appease ; to mitigate ; S. 
(<) soothe ; to alleviate ; to relieve ; 9. 
b I modifii ; 10. (arch., paint.) to si.ften ; 
t sweeten ; 11. (mus.) to soft'A, ; 12. 
(n a >.) to flatten. 

1. t le bois, to 8nio<.th mond. 3. | la vis, 
(J- weeten ///V. 4. ie tem;>B, io reiul'.*r, I" rnal^e 
ih-i tceaiU'.r mild. 8. la doiileur ou le cliagriii, 
'-fl siollje, to alleviate pain irr nnrrow, 

Brosse h , softener. Qifon ne pent , 
V. senses) 1. unappeasable ; unmiti- 
fable; 2. unrelievaole. 

Adouci, e, pa. p. V. senses of Adoc- 

Non , ( V. senses of Adoitoie) 1. un- 
tempered; 2. unallnyed ; unassuaged ; 

unappeased ; unmitigated ; 3. tin- 
soofhed ; unalleviated ; unrelieved. 

Sadoucir, pr. V. 1. | to soften ; to 
soften dmcn ; 2. | to become, to get 
smooth; 3. to become, to get, to grow 
mild ; to be tempered ; 4. to become, 
to get, to grow gentle; 5. to become 
niollijied ; to be allayed, assuaged, ap- 
peased, mitigated ; 6. to unruffie; 7. 
to be soothed, alleviated, relieved ; 8. 
%tobe modified ; 9. (of the cold) to break 

'.i. Le temps commence a , the weather begins 
to grow mild. 

ADOUCISSANT, E [, t] adj. 
(nicd.) emollient ; demulcent. 

ADOUCISSANT [a-dou-si-Biin] n. m. 
(med.) emollient. 

ADOUCiSSEMENT [a.dou-8i-8-mSn] n. 
m. 1. I softening; softening down; 
2. \% smoothing; smoothing daicn ; 3. 
I sweetening ; 4. rendering, mak- 
ing mild ; 5. rendering, making gen- 
tle; tampering; 6. % mollifi/ing ; 7. 
allaying; u.'isuagement ; mitigation; 
8. soothing; alleviation ; relief; 9. 
modification ; 10. (arch., paint.) soft- 
ening ; sweetening. 

ADOUCISS-EUR [a-dou-i-s-Beur] n. m. 
EUSE, [eu-z] n. f mirror-polisher. 

ADOUfi, E [a-doa-6] adj. (hunt) coxt,p- 
led; paired. 

"AD PATRES"' [ad-pa-tre.] IW tO 

kingdom come. 

Aller, envoyer , -j- to go, to send to 
kingdom come. 

gan, t] adj. 1. (hot.) tro.gacantii; 2. 
Qiliarin.) adraganth. 

ADRAGANTIIE, [a.<lm-gaa-t] n. 
Qiharin.) adragantlu 

ADRASTE [a-dra >',] p. n. m. (class.) 

ADRESSE [a.drV-,1 a. 1. address 
(speech); 2. address (to a constituted 
authority) ; 3. (of a letter, a packet) ad- 
dress; superscription, ^ direction ; 4. 
(of a residence) address. 

Bureau d' , intelligence-office. Sans 
, (of a letter, a packet) icitlwut an ad- 
dress; undirected. Aller, Otre a 1" de 
q. u., 1. I to be addressed to a. o. ; 2. 
(b. s.) to be intended for a. o. ; arrivcr 
a r de q. u., (b. s.) to hit. to strike 
home; envoyer a son , faire tenir a 
son , to forward to its destination; 
proposer une , to tnove an address. 

ADRESSE [a-drj-.] n. 1. \ (of the 
body) dexterity ; adroitness ; expert- 
ness ; skill ; cleverness ; 2. | (of the 
hands) handine,Hs; 3. (of the mind) 
skiU ; cleverness. 

Tour d' , legerdemain ; sleight of 
hand; trick. Avcc , par , deoeter- 
ously ; adroitly ; expertli/ : skilfully ; 
cleverly; sans , I. unskilful; 2. un- 

Avoir r (de), (V. senses) to be able 


Ahtikick. Adrease is the art of conducting enter- 
in is 8 in a manner calculated to insure success, 
S,ii/,'eiK is an ability to accommodate .aie's self 
t emergencies. A finesse is a kiiul of stratagem, 
in wbicTi sbrewdness and cunning are combined 
with dissimulation. A ruse is a disguised wav ot 
a riving at one's ends. An artifice is a <leep-i:rd 
secret plan for the execution oi one's designs. 
Adresse employs means, and requires intelligence. 
Sr}ti[>'csse avoids sudden obstacles, and requires 
quickness of thought. The finesse by insensible 
(iegrees gains its nf>int, and presupposes cunning 
antl penetration. The ruse deceives ; and is the 
result of an ingeni>u8 imagination. The artifice 
surprises, HUil Implies a well-practised dissimu- 
lation. The merchant acts with adresse ; the 
courtier, with s'lupltsse; the diplomatist practises 
fiii^ss" ; the spy succeeds in a ruse; the prosecu- 
ting attorney uses artifice in his examinations. 

ADRESSER [a-dri-sd] v. a. (1, to) 1. to 
address ; to send ; 2. to for^oard (let- 
ters, parcels) ; 3. to address (letters) ; to 
direct; to superscribe ; 4. to offer up 
(a prayer) ; 1 to put up ,i 5. to direct 
(o.'s steps). 

lual, to misdirect (letters, packets). 
q. ch. a q. ii., (com.) to wait on, upon 
a. o. with a. th. 

S'adkesser, pr. v. (A, to) 1. (pers.) to 
address o.'s self (to a, o.) ; to address 
( ); 2. (Uu) to be addressed ; to b 

directed ; 3. (pers.) to apjily (to A o.) 
to make application. 

mal, to apply to the ivrong perffm; 
a ... I (in advertisements) app>ly U\ 
at. . . ! ici ! inquire within ! 

ADRIATIQUE (L") [l-dri-.t k] p. a 
(geog.) The AdHatic Sea; the Gv?J 
of Venice. 

ADRIEN [a-dri-in] p. n. m. AdrUn; 

ADROIT, E [a-droa, t] adj. (a, tn) 1. 
(of the body) dexterous ; adroit ; CO' 
pert; skilful; clever; 2. (of the havids) 
handy; 3. (of tho mvsxH)' skilful ; 

S'jn. AnRoiT^ Habile, Entendu, One B 
adroit with the liand, in action; habi'e in an art; 
entendu in business. Nature n.akes us adroitt; 
study, experience, habites ; both, aided by intelli- 
gence, ehtendns. 

ADROITEMENT [a-droa-t-mi.J adv. 

1. 1 dej'terously ; adroitly ; eorpertly ; 
skilfully; cleverly; 2. \ handily; 3. 
skilfully ; cleverly. 

A'DRIjMETE [a-dru-ine-t] p. n. (ana 
geog.) Iladrnmetum. 

A^DULA-TEUR, TRICE [a-du-la-teur 
tri-s] adj. adulatory ; sycophantic. 

ADULA-TEUR, n. m. TRICE, n. f. 
adulator, m. ; adulatress, f ; syco 
phant, m. 

ADULATI-F, VE [a-du-la-tif, i-y] adj. 

ADULATION [a-du-ia-sion] n. adu- 
lation; sycophancy. 

ADULER [a-du-i] V. a. to adidate; 
to bestow adulation on; to fiiicii on; 
to play the si/cop/hant to. 

ADULTE"[a-dui-t] adj. 1. adult: full- 
grown ; 1 grown up ; *{ grown ; % 
(hot.) full-groivn. 

!Et!it , adultness. 

ADULT E, n. m. adult; T groom 

ADULTI^^RATION [a-duI-t-ri-M6n] n. 
(pharm.) ad alteration. 

ADULTER!: [.idui-t^-r] adj. 1. 1 (pers.) 
adulterous ; adulterate; >. \ (th.) ailul 

Femme , adulteress. 

ADULTERE, n. (jwrs.) ad;Uter(^ 

ADULTERE, n. m. 1. adultevj 
(criiiie) ; 2. (pers.) udidterer, m. ; 3. (law) 
criminal conversation ; crim. con. 

Par I' , bii adultery; adulterously, 

A1)ULT1^;RER [a-dul-t-r6] V. a, 
(l)lianii.) to udulter(tte. 

Adui-teke, f, pa. p. 1. adulterated ; 

2. (\)\\^M\n^ adulterated ; adulterine. 

ADULTF>RIN, E [a-dul-t^-rin, i-n] adj. 


ADULTI^:itlN, n. m. E, n. , adulte- 
rine; child begotten in adultery. 

ADUS'I'K [a-dus-t] ad), (med.) adust. 

ADUSTION [a-dus-iion] n. J (mod., 
surg.) adustion; burning up. 

ADVENIR [ad-v6-nir] V. n. iiiiperi 
(conj. likeTKNiu)(th.) tooccwr; tohap- 
pen, K to fill out. 

Qiioi qnil advlenne, whatever may 
occur, happen. Atlvienne que pourra, 
happen tchat will, may ; let what may 
tcill hapj)en ; ^ come what may, will 

[Advkmk is conj. with elre.\ 

ADVENTICE [.id-viin-.i-s] adj. 1. (did.) 
adventitious ; 2. (med., surg.) adventi- 

D'une matiifcre , adventitiously. 

ADVENTI-r, VK [ad-van-tif, i-y] ac^. 
Claw) adventive. 

ADVERBE [a,l-v6r-b] n. m. (gram ) nd^ 

ADVERBIAL, E [ ad-y^r-bi-al J .i-ij 
(gram.) adverbial. 

ADVERBIALEMENT [ nd-v^zh' a-l 
man] adv. (gram.) adverbially. 

ADVERSAIRE [aU-vJr-si-r] n. a. ad. 
versary ; opponent. 

Se presenter ooinuie , 1. to ajyp^ii 
as an =: ; 2. to appear against a. o. 

ADVERSATI-F, VE [nd-ver-sa-tif, i v] 
adj. (gram.) adversative. 

ADVERSE [ad-ver-s] adj. 1. adverse; 
2. (at the bur) op2}osite ; of 'Ve opposiU. 

Avocat , counsel on the opposiCe. 
side ; ptirtie . opposite party. 

ADVERSril!: [ad-ver si-t^l 11. U Oil 




a nial ; d mdlit ; ef<5c; ^fd^e; it&te; rfje; til; Jilo; onul; o niou; i5 mor*. usac; fisiire; OMjour; 

fyrity ; adverse fortune ; a. mi^or- 

1. F^e ^raiulea s, ffreat mlsfMrlnnrs. 

AUrNAMIE [^i-na-mi] n. f. (ined.) 

aDVNA.MIQUE [ a di-n.mi-k ] adj. 
(inert.) (Klynnmie. 
_ .i-EGfiE (L") [l-j6] p. n. f. (ana geog.) 

AfiUAGE [a-6-r-j] n, m. airing (re- 
U; of air). 

Piitfl d' , (tech.) ai.'-ih<i/t; voio d' 
- , 'mining) wind-gats. 

ki.\iii, E [a--r] adj. 1. aired; 2. 

a6UER [H--r] V. a. 1. ?o ai/* (to re- 
new tlie air in); 2. (ciiitii.) to aerate. 

AJ^JilEN, NE [--ri-in,i-D] adj. 1. 
aerial; of tJie air ; 'I. (A\'\.) aerial. 

Cellule ne, (hot) atr-ceU ; conduit 
, voie ne, (anat.) 1. uiiul-pipe ; 2. 
air-tube; air-vessel; vaisscau , (bot.) 

AtRlVtllE [ a--ri-fe-r ] adj. (anat) 

Voies s, air-vessels. 

A^KIKORME [a-6-ri-for-ni] adj. aeri- 

a f. (did) aerodf/nainics. 

AEEOGEAl'LIIE [--ro-gra-fi] n. f. 

AEROLITIIE [8--ro li-i] n. in. aero- 
lite ; aerolUhe ; atmospheric, meteoric, 
falling stone. 

A6R0L0G1E [a^-ro-lo-ji] n. aero- 

De 1' , aerological. 

A Prologue [--ro-io-g] n. m. aero- 


A6R0MANCIE [--ro-man-ii] n. ae- 

Al!;ROMi:TRE [a--ro-ni4-tr] n. in. ae- 

AR0MTRIE [a--ro-m-ui] n. ae- 

A I5R0NAUTE [a--ro-n6.t] n. m. aero- 

Art do r , aeronautiM ; aeronout- 
lw\; pi incijie, scienoe de i" , aeronau- 

A^lROI'lIOBIE [a.-ro-r<.-bn n. (med.) 
dieail of contact with tlie air. 

AfeROI'HTTE [.i--ro-fi.t] n. iii. (l)Ot) 
acroph lite. 

AEROSTAT [a.-ro.-ta] n. m. aeros- 
tat; uir-hdUoon. 

AEROSTATION [K--ro.-ta-6n] n. 

A1;:R0STATIQUE [n--ro^tB-ti.k] adj. 

Art , aerostatics; ballon , air- 

/ERUGIN-EUX, EUSE [-ru-ji-neu, 
BO i] adj. lernginous. 

^Stlli:.ME [es-a-m] n. m. (med.) sen- 

MWrnt^m [it-u-ti] n. (med.) sen- 

^Stil^TIQUE [4..u-ti-k] n. (did.) 

AftTITE [a.-U-t] n. (min.) mtites ; 

AFFABILITl;; [a-fK-bi-li-] n. affa- 
biUt/if ; affahleness. 

Dofaut, inanquo d' , irafahility. 
Avec , irit/i affahilitt/ ; ajahly. 

AFFABLE fa-fa-bl] eJ). affahle. 

Pen , inaffahle, D'line inani6re , 

AFF A ELEMENT [H-fa-blj-nii] tAv. 
\ Wohly. 

AFFABULATION [-fa-bu.U-.l8n] n. 
(dtd.) nio/-i ofafahle or apologue. 

A PFAIiIR [a.fa-<iir] V. a. 1. 1 to ren- 
iVtr, to nuike insipid; 2 | to inuke, 
lLir:truier nnsavo)y ; 8. | to cloy ; 4. 
fv pall ; to pall upon ; b. ^ io flat- 

8'akpadir, pr. v. 1. ! to become, to 
M vriKipul ; 2. J to become, to get un- 
nat.trt/ ; i to pall. 

AFFADISSEMENT [H-fa-di-i-man] n. 
Hi. 1. { cloy lug ; 2. $ InsijHdity ; 3. 

AFFAIBLIR[a-fi-biirl v. a. 1. I $ to 
icakn ; 2. II $ to enfeehte ; 1. / to ill ly; 
!t) ibate ; to take ojf {fi > ), l%tc iii- 

pair; f. to remit; 6. to craze (the 
brain); 7. to debase (coin). 

Chose, personne qui affaiblit, 1. weak- 
ener (oj ) ; 2. enfeebler (of). 

Affaicli, e, pa. p. V. senses of affai- 


Non , 1. 1 umceake7ied ; 2. B hji- 
enfeeble.l ; 3. I unallayed ; uiiabatfd ; 
4. II unspent; 5. || unimpaired; 6. 
(of coin) undebased. 

S'akfaiblir, pr. v. 1. I to become, to 
get, to grow ireak ; 2. I to become eiv- 
feebled ; 3. .o be allayed, abated ; 4. 
to be impaired, enfeebled; 5. to 
grow faint ; C. S to lower. 

Qui ne s'afialblit pas, ( V. senses) 1. wii- 
abotiiig ; 2. utiremitting. 

AF/Al BLISS ANT, E [ a-ft-bU-tan, t ] 
adj. weakening ; enfeebling. 

AFFAIBLISSEMENT [a-ft-bli-s-man] 

n. ni. 1. ( 8 weakening ; 2. 1 enfeeble- 
ment ; 8. (th.) enervation ; 4. %' a Hay- 
ing ; abating ; taking of; 5. in:- 
pairing ; 6. (of coin) debasement. 

AFFAIRE [a-ft-r] n. 1. affair: 
thing; matter; 2. affair; bnmnesa'; 
piece of business ; 8. cor-eem ; concern- 
ment ; 4. s, business; 5. b, (pi.) 
dealing; 6. , (pi.) business; com- 
merce ; trade, (sing.) ; 7. ^ (b. s.) affair; 
concern ; piece ofbiisiness, work ; job; 
scrape ; 8. (com.) affair ; transaction ; 
piece of business ; 9. (law) cause; case; 
10. (mil.) action ; engagement. 

Belle , 1. fine = ; 2. (b. 8.) pretty 
job ; 3. |^~ (b. s.) catch ; chaude, 
vive, icarm icork ; s courantes, (pi.) 
current business, sing. ; facheuse , 
disagreeable, sad =:; fameuse , fa- 
mous = ; manquee, miscarriage; 

urgente, pressing, urgent business ; 
vilaine , ugly =; de n^n, trifiiag 
affair; d'Etat, state affair; de 
coeur, affair of the heart; d'honneur, 
affair of honor; r d'intfret, money 
concern, matter. Occup6 d' , (pers!) 
btmness-like ; propre au.\ s, (tli.) bu- 
sine^is-like ; bien dans ses s. in good 
circumstances ; ^ well off; mal dans 
ses s, in bad circumstances ; ^ badly 
off; ni bien ni mal dans ses s, in mid- 
dling circumstances. Cabinet d' s, 
agency ; cabinet pour s, office ; busi- 
ness-room ; courant dus s, course of 
affairs, b'.isiness ; gens d" s, men of 
business; homnie d' s, \. man of bu- 
siness ; 2. agent; 3. steicard ; 4 (in 
Ireland) middle-man ; homme qui en- 
tend les 8, man of business. Toute 

cessante, to the suspension of all 
otJier business. A la tote dss s, at 
tJie head qf affairs ; au-dessous de ses 
8 (de), (com.) minus (...); dans les 3, 
in bu-tiness ; en , engaged in busi- 
ness ; engaged ; liors d' , I. *[ oiit (fa 
scrape ; 2. (of sick people) out of dan- 
ger ; pour , on busine-is. Aller h sos 
s, \. to go to o.^s business ; 2. ^ to 
n ind o.'s business ; arranger un e , to 
settle a =; attirer une k, pW to 
draw into a scrape ; s"attirer une , to 
get o.'s self into a scrape ; avoir ft, 1. 
to have business toith; 2. to have to 
deal, to do wiHi ; avoir de, 1. to have 
to do with ; 2. toJutveneed of; toicant; 
avoir h forte partie, a plus fort que 
8oi, to have tlie odds against o. ; avoir 
des 8 par-dessus la tfite, to be over head 
and ears in business; c6der ses s, to 
give up o.'s business ; etre a son , to 
mind o.'s business; fitre au-dessus de 
ses , to be beforehand tcitli the world ; 
6tre en (avec) to transact business 
{toith) ; Gtre de . . . au-dessous de ses , 
to be ... n-orse than nothing; exposer 
une , 1. to state tlie business ; 2. (law) 
to state a case ; 6viter les 8, to keep, 
to steer clear of scrapes ; faire des s, 
to do b.islness ; faire 1' de q. u., 1. to 
do a. o.'J buMness ; 2. to ansicer a. o.'s 
purpose; 8. to serve a. c.'s turn; faire 
S on k q. u. 'o settle a. o.'s business; 
%W to do tlie job for a. o.; faire ses s, 
1. to do o.'s business; 2. to do icell ; 
faire i)ien ses s, faire de bonnes s, to 
do well ; faire de grsndt 8, to do >in ese- 
timMlce business ; -r- to do a good etroke 
(if business ; fsire mal ses - to do 

badly ; ne faire rien a T , to be ncthinf, 
to the purpose ; faire une bel^e , I. tc 
do a good piece of business ; 2. ^ to 
make a good job ; (b. s.) to make a nict 
mess of it ; fai-e une jolie , IW" (b. s.) 
to make a fine kettle of fish of H ; 
n'avoir pas fait une belle , to have n-t 
catch ; no great catch ; ea faire son , 
to make it o.'c l/usiness ; s'imn.isccr 
dans les s do q. u., se nicler des s d 
q. u., to intermeddle in a. o.'s concerns: 
mettre dans les s, \ 1. to put in busi- 
ness ; 2. to set up ; se mettre dans iee 
, 1. to engage in affairs, business ; 2. 
to begin business ; to enter, to go into 
business ; ^ to set up ; se mettre bora 
d' , ^^ to get out cf i scrape ; s'occu 
per de ses s, to attend to o.'s business, 
s"oi;cu[)er do ses propros 6, to mind 
o.'s oxen business, concerns ; regler une 
, to settle an affair ; se rctiror des , 
to retire from business ; sortir d'uno 
avec . . ., to come off. . . ; sortir d' . to 
get out of a scrape ; tcrinh^er nne , 
(com.) to close a transw tion ; tirer 
d' , 1. to extricate ; to get'ff; 2. to help 
out; to carry, to get out, through; se 
tirer d' , 1. to ertricate < .' self; ^ A) 
get off; 2. to get cleat ; 8. ^ to get 
through, over it ; to get o tt of a scrape ; 
4. (of the sick) to get < ver it ; se tirer 
d" sai 1 et sauf, ( V. s< nses of Se tirer 
d' ) to bring o.'s self off; to get off shot- 
free; vaquer au.\ s, to attend to busi- 
ness ; vider une , to settle an affair ; 
to fight a duel. C'est une , it is no 
easy matter ; co n' < st pas une , it is 
an easy matter ; c )St une faite, the 
business is conclude, settled ; c'est uno 
autre , that i.t a tother matter; tluii 
alters the case; c'est a vous que j"ai , 
my business is with you; c'ect juste 
votre , cola fait ju.ste votre , thaij-usl 
iuits you ; ce ne sont pas la mes s," vol 
s, that is no business of mine, qf 
yours; nu'lez-vous de vos s! mind 
ymir own business ; ai point ou en eoct 
les s, as affairs stand ; son est 
bonne, he will get his deserts ; pn^" he 
is injor it ; son est faite, 1. % his for- 
tune is made; 2. (b. s.) he isdoneft/r; 
it is all orer with him. 

AFFAIRE, E [a-re-r] adj. busy ; oo 
cupied; engaged; '{fullofb'-Miness. 

Trop , overbusy. Faiiro I", to play 
the man ofbimness. 

AFFAISSE.MKNT [a-ffi-i-man] n. m. 1. 
I sinkirg ; 2. || subsidence ; subsidency; 
3. II giving way; 4 '^flagging; 6. g 
weakness; enfeebletn Mt ; 6. depres- 

AFFAISSER [a-f?.B] v. a. 1. |I tosinJe; 
2. 1 to weigh daw/i : 3. to flag ; 4. J 
to weaken ; tc enfeeble ; r>. to depress. 

S'akfaisser, pr. v. 1. to sink; to 
sink dmcn ; 2. 1 to subside ; 8. to xceigh 
down ; 4 II to gire way , 5. J to couch 
down ; 6. 1 to coL'apxe ; 7. || to cower ; 
8. II to flag ; 9. to become, to get, to bs 
weak, feeble ; to gire way; 10. to be 
dep) essed ; 1 1. (tech.) to sag. 

Qui no s'affaisse pas, ( V. senses) un- 

AFFALER [H-fa-i*] v. a. (nav.) to over- 
haul (a rope) ; to lower. 

tre atfalo sur la cote, to be embayed. 

S', y V. (nav.) 1. (i)er8.) to 
slide do^cn a lack-stay ; 2. (of .ships) <i() 
be embayed ; to drive upon a lee-shoro, 

sur la cote, (nav.) to he embayed. 

AFFAME, E [8-fa-m] at^j. 1. 1 starved: 
starving ; famished ; 2. (de, for) 

Animal , plante e, starveling. 

AFFVMER [n-fu m6] V. a. to stanx ; 
to famish. 

Eire alfaiut', 1, I to hunger ; tofamisfi. 
2. (de) /) thirst \Jbr); to be eager 
{for); 1olong(for\ 

AFFEAGKMENT [s. 'l-u-j-min] n. m. 
Qsiw) feoffment. 

AFFEAGEK [a.-k-;^] v. a. (law) t> 

AFFECTATION [t-'Ji ta ..tei] n. 1 
affectidion (iiiHiiiiei); 2. affected wci. 

Ave<, - . iiith nffect-itioii; affefJixdy ; 
sail-* . 1 uitJioui -= , un<{^''tcic</ ; uii 




oiiJoat; #MJeu; eiljeane; eMpeur; anptm; In pir; otiIdd; flnbrwi: ll liq. ; *gn liq. 

ByM, AfFKCTiTlON, APFlifKKIK. Affcctati. Jl 
Wilon^ U the ttifiuglita, Ihe st-ntimenl, tiie lusle. 
whicli oiis wishes to parade ; ajT terie, lo li.e iiuiii- 
nera by which one lliinks to plea;.'*}. Aj^tctation 
M often opp sed to sincerity; aj^ terie it> Klwa^8 
Ihe ojip- sile of the simple iind nalnral. 

AFFECT6, E [a-f6k u] adj. 1. affecUd; 
I (a'.g.) affected. 

Noil , unaffected. 6tat de ce qui est 
- , affectation. D'une inanicro , /- 

AFFECTEB [-fek-t*] v. a. 1. J <<> 
affect; 2. (a, rouii, to) to appropriate ; 
8. to choose ; to give preference to ; 4. 
to seek ; to aspire to; 5. (law) to affect; 
6. (med.) to affect. 

9, un.' 8f>nirne ptmr le pavement ^"iine dette, 
4j appropriate a sum to the pajment "f a debt. 

Porsonne qui aflFecte, affectar (of) ; 
pretender (to). Action d' , (law) ((ffec- 

S'affecter, pr. v. to he affected. 

AFFECTI-F, VE [a fek-tif, i-v] adj. + 

AFFECTION [a Rk-i6n] n. f. 1. affec- 
tion ; 2. (vov^for^/ondnem ; 3. liking ; 
parUalit;/ ; fancy ; 4. (did.) affection ; 
5. (med.) affection ; ^ touch. 

Marque, tem.iignage d' , token of af- 
fection. Avec , affectionately ; zciih 
rr; ; par ,from = ; ( out of = ; sans , 
without =: ; un affectionately. Avoir de 
1' pour, to have an =.for; to he fond 
of; to have a partiality to ; to he par- 
tial to ; tnettre son a, to set o.'s = 
on ; porter de I' A, to bear =. to; to 
entertain -^^ for ; prendre en , 1. to he- 
come atiaclied to ; to hecome foi\d of; 
2. to take a liking, a fancy to; ^to tit'ke 
U' ; prendre q. u. fortement en , 1. to 
become very much attached to, very 
f'jnd of; 2. to take a great liking, 
fancy to; ^ to take very much to; ^ 
to take a great deal to ; avoir jiris en , 
to he attached to ; to have a liking, a 
f<xncy for ; to he partial to. 

AFFECTIONNii, E [*] adj. 
(form used for tlie termination of letters) 

A FFECTIONNER [a-fek-sio-n*] V. a. 1. 
.'.; have an affection for (a. o.) ; to he 
fend of; 2. to he fond of (a. th.) ; to he 
partial to; to delight in. 

S'.tB'FECTIONNER, pr. V. (A) 1. tO bg- 

um^ nti^'U'Jied (to), fond (of) : 2. to de- 
light (in); to take delight (in); 8. to 
take a liking, ^ a fancy (to). 

AFFECTUEUS'EMENT U-f^k-tn-ea-.- 
man] adv. 1. affectionately; 2. lovingly. 

affectueu-x, sic [a-fek-iu-ea, ei-i] 

ivlj. 1. affectionate ; 2. loving. 

Non, peu , 1. unaffectionate ; 2. itn- 

AFFERENT, E [a-ff-riin, t] adj. (law) 
relating to the share of an interested 
parti/ in an indivisible property. 

AFFERMER [a-fer-in] V. a. 1. to farm 
(let); to farm out; 2. to farm (take); 
8. to rent; 4. (law) to demise. 

Que I'on pent , qui pout ftre af- 
fermo, 1. farmahle (to be let) ; 2. rent- 
able : 3. (law) demisable. 

AFFERMIR [a-fer-mir] V. a. 1. J '<> 

strengthen; 2. || to consolidate ; 3. J 
to render, to make firm ; to give firm- 
ness to; 4. II to harden; 5. I to fasten ; 
to fix ; 6. to establish ; 7. (tech.) to 

S'affermip^ pr. v. 1. 1 to strengthen; 
2. I to consolidate , 3. 1 to hecome, to 
get firm ; 4. B to harden ; 6. ) to.fasten ; 
ti fix ; 6. to hecome. to get established. 

AI FERMISSEMENT [a-fcr-mi-.-raan] 
U. m. 1. t II strengthening ; 2. strength- 
er.iing ; 3. consolidation; 4. estab- 

AFFfiRON [a-f6-r6n] n. m. (a. and 
r.v\.) tag. 

hVVtTi., E [a-f-w] adj. 1. affected; 
i\i::cing; 2. canting. 

Peisoniie e, 1. afftcted person ; 2. 

AFFftTERIE [a-fd-t-ri] n f 1. aff'ecta- 
Hon ; 2. 5 cant. 

Avec , 1. affectedly ; 2. ^ rantingly. 
Parier avec , 1. to speak with affecta- 
lion ; 2. ^ to cant. 

AFFICTIE [a fi-.h] n. I h placarc ; 
'4U: 2 hana ^ilL 

Petites s, (pi.) advertiser ; adver- 
tising-sheet; de 8\)ecla.i:\e, pla-j oiU. 
Poser une , 1. to post, to jrost np a 
placard, hill ; 2. to paste up a placard, 

AFFICHEE [a.i!-h^l V. a. 1. t to stick 
up ; to post ; to post up ; 2. || to paste 
"P ! 8- i (b. 8.) to make a show of; 4. 
(b. s.) to publish; 5. to expose; 6. to 
advertise (a. c). 

Defense d" ! stick no hills ! 

S"akficuf,r, pr. v. 1. to set up (for) ; 

2. tojxpose o.'s sflf. 

AFFICIIEUR [a-fi-heur] n. m. bUl- 

AKFID6, E [] adj. t trusty; 

AFFILE, E [a-fi-l] adj. 1. (of sharp 
instiunieiits)/t/7>; 2. (of the tongue) 
well oiled. 

AFFILER, V. a. I to let; to sJiarpen; 
to xoliet ; to give an edge to. 

AFFIL-EITR [a-fl-leur] n. m. FUSE 
[ed-7] n. f. one that sets, sharpens, wlieU. 

AFFILIATION [a-fi-U-a-tion] n. af 
filiation (association). 

AFFILIER [a-fl-ii-] V. a. to affiliate 

AFFILOIR [] n. m. hone. 

AFFINAGE [a-fi-na-j] n. ni. (a. & man.) 
fining; refining; affiiiage. 

AFFINER [a-fi-n^j V. a. 1. (a.&inan.) 
to fine ; 2. to refine (metals) ; to try. 

Affine, e, pa p. L (a. & man.)fi'ned; 

2. (of metals) refined ; tried. 

Non , 1. (a. & man.) 'un fined; 2. (of 
metals) unrefined; untried. 

S'affiner, pr. V. 1. (a. & man.) to be 
fined ; 2. (of metals) to he refined, tried ; 

3. to refine. 

AFFINERIE [a-fi-n-ri] n. f. (metal.) 

Fover d' , =. 

AFFINEUR [a-fi.neur] n. m. 1. finer; 

2. (of metals) refiner. 

AFF I NIT 15; [a-S-ni-tf] n. f. 1. 1 affinity; 
alliance; 2. affinity ; 3. congenia- 
lity; 4. (cliem.) affinity. 

Sans (avec), 1. i' without affinity 
(with); 2. micongenial (to); 8.' not 
akin (to). Avoir de 1' (avec), 1. to 
havez= tvitA; 2. to he congenial (to); 

3. to be akin to. 

AFFINOIR [a-a-noar] n. m. (a. & man.) 
fine hatchel. 

AFFIQUET [a-fi-k] n. m. 1. knitting- 
pin ; 2. ^ 8, ( pi. ) knick-knacks ; 
bawhles ; geicgaws. 

AFFIRM ATI-F, VE [a-fir-ma-tif, i-v] 
adj. 1. affirmative ; ^.positive; 8. asser- 
tory : 4. (\o^.) predicatory. 

AFFIRMATION [a-fir-ma-.ion] n. f. 1. 
affirmation; 2. averment; 8. (law) 
oath ; 4. (log.) predication. 

solcnnelle, asseveration. Avec , 

1. icith affirmation; 2. (gram.) affirma- 
tiveli/. I- aire une , to make an affir- 

AFFIRMATIVE [ a-fir-ma-ti-v ] n. f. 

A r , in the =. Rcpondre par 1' , to 
repli/ iji the =. 

AFFIRM ATIVEMENT [a-fir-ma-ti-v- 
man] adv. 1. affirmatively; 2. in the af- 
firmative ; 3. (irram.) affirmatively. 

AFFIRMER [a-fir-mi]'v. a. 1. to affirm; 

2. to assert ; 3. to avouch ; to aver ; 4. 
(law) to affirm to ; 5. (log.) to predicate. 

solennellement, to asseverate. Per- 
sonne qui affirme, 1. affirmer ; affir- 
mant; 2. (log.) predicant. Faire , tc 
affirvt to ; pou voir etre affirme, to be af- 

AFFIXE [a-fi-ki] II. m. (srram.) affix. 

AFFLEUR6, E [a-fleu-r] adj. 1. level; 
9. (arch.) flush. 

AFFLEIJREMEXT [ a-fleu-r-man ] n. 
m. 1. levelling ; 2. (arch.) making, ren- 
dering fiush : 3. (mining) cropping. 

AFF'LEURF;R [a-aeu-r^] v. a. 1. to 
level; to make, to render even; 2. 
(arch.) to make, to render fiush; 8. 
(mining) to crop; 4. (nav. arch.) to fay. 

AFFLEURER [a-fleu-r] V. n. t. to he 
level ; 2. (arch.) to be flush. 

AFFLICTI-F, VE [a-flik-tif, i-v] adj. 
(law) (of penf^ty) that affecte theperson ; 

I AFFLICTION [a-flik-iion] n. t \. af 
I fliction; distress; trouble; grief; nor- 
rote ; 2. heart-ac/ie ; 3. affliction (causo 
of distress.) 

Avec ,\.toith =; 2. moui'nfMly ; 
dans r , 1. in zi^; 2. afflicted; difh 
tressed; grieved; sans , witltout :=', 

AFFLIGEANT, E [a fli-jan, t] nd,l. <// 
flicting ; * afflictwe; distressing ; dfi- 
tressful; grievous. 

Caractore , nature e, gj-ievousncne, 
D"une manifire e, afflictiveiy ; dio- 
tressfully ; grievously. 

AFFLIGER [a-fli-j^] v. a (viT^wlttt)\. 
to afflict ; to distress ; to grie/te ; lo 
trouble ; 2. -\- to mortify (the botly). 

Personne qui afflige, afflicter (of); 
vexer (of). 

Afflige, e, pa. p. 1. afflicted; diiAreed- 
ed ; 2. (W\.) affected ; diseaca. 

Non , unafflicted. 

S'AFrLiGER,'pr. V. (de) to afflict o.'s 
self (at) ; to he afflicted (at, by) ; to re- 
pine (at); to grieve (at); to sorrow 
(.for); to mourn (for); "^ to fret (at); 
to vex. 

Sans ,(y. senses) 1. unrepining ; 2. 

AFFLUENCE [ flu in-.] n. f 1. \floio 
(of liquids); 2. inflix; 8. (th.) f.;^;^!*- 
ence; abundance; 4. (pers.) concourse; 
crowd ; gathering. 


Ct'ncut'rs signifies the simultaneous action of per- 
sons who betake themselves to the same place ; 
mii/titi(f expresses the number of those jiersoni; 
affluence iudicntes the large gathering that fol- 
lows; tini\/ou/e uiiit'is to tlie idea of number tha< 
of conlluenient within <i narr.w spitce, and conse- 
quent jl slling and inijnvenience. The conceiuy^ 
of a great mii'tUw/e pr. duces an affluence lroa> 
which a/ow/c usually rcsuUs. 

AFFLUENT, E [a-flu-Sn, ;] .vlj. 1. (rf 
streams, rivers) tributary ; 2. (pliy-s) 
tliatfiows, runs. 

... , current of.... Malicn' e, 
cur r en t of ma tier, 

AFF'LUENT [a-flu-an] n. m. tribvi>.ivj 

AFFLUER [a-flu-] V. n. 1. ". (DAHbv 
into) tofloio ; to fall; 2. (dans, init:) 
tofioio ; 8. (th.) to abound; 4. (pers) 
to flock ; to crowd ; 5. (of the blood) to 

AFFLUX [a-flu] n. m. (mtn\.) affliia: ; 

AFFOLl!;, E [a-fo-l] adj. (nav.) of the 
magnetic needle) defective ; pjertur- 

AFFOLER, V. a. to make (a. o.) dote 
on, upon. 

Etre affoli de,l. to dote on, upon (a. o.); 
2. to be very, excessively fond of (a. th.). 

S'affoler, pr. V. 1. (de) to dote on. 
upon (a. o.) ; be excessively fond of 
(a. th.). 

AFFORAGE [a-fo-ra-j] n. m. (fend.) 
afforage (lord's dne on the sale of wine). 

AFFOUAGE [a-fou a-j] n. m. right of 
ctitting wood for fuel. 

AFFOUILLER [a-fou-i*] v. a. (build.) 
to undermine : to wash away. 

AFFOURCIIE [a-four-th] n. f. (nav.) 
small bower. 

Ancre d' , = anchor; cable d' , = 

AFFOURCII]!;, E [a-fcur-ih] ac^. 1 
astride ; astraddle. 

AFFOURCIIER, v. a. (nav.) to rr.oor 

S'affottlcher, pr. v. (nav.) to moor 

AFFRAtCITIE [ fr shi] n. t (nu\ ) 
increase of wind. 

AFFRANCIII fa-franshi] n. m. E, a t 
freed- man, m. ; freed xvoman, t 

AFFRANCIIIR [a-frdn-.hir] V. a. (i>i;, 
from) 1. to free ; to affranchise ; to en, 
franchise ; to set free; 2. to liherat*.', 
to discharge ; to let loose ; ^ to let go ; 
8. to exempt ; 4. to manumit (a slave;) 
to give o.'s liberty to ; 5. to free ; to de- 
liver ; 6. to free ; to absolve : to releas-'-; 
7. to pay the postage of (letters); 8. ti 
pay the carriage e/(parce.8) ; 9. (po^t.) 
to prepay. 

AFFRANcni, E, pa. p ( V. senses of Af- 
1 ruAXCiiiu) (of letters) 1. post-paid , 2 




amal; dmale; 'f6; feve; ^fl-te; ^je; t'il; lile; omci; 6 mole; omort; usnc; usure; oujour 

jot" parceif carriage-paid ; 3. (post) 

Ision - -, ( V. senses of Affranciuk) 1. 
Hiidelivered ; 2. iinabsolced ; 8. (of let- 
ters, parcels) un2J<tid. 

Sm. Afpuanchir, dki-Ivrkh. Affranchir 
means ti> set free; de^ivrtr, to ^elivtr. One af- 
frjnckit a slave tnut ishisuwn; imtdeiiv.e ihe 
Blave of ftn.ither, 

6'A.rFRANCiiiR, pr. V. ( Fi senses of Ar- 
rjiAHCuiR) 1. (de) to shake of; 2. to 
hrenk loose; 8. ((le) to break through. 

AFFl! ANCH I6S):MENT [a-frin-shi-.- 
Bin] n. in. (de, from) 1. affranchie- 
nt,;nt; cn/ranuhisevierd ; Betting free ; 
S. Uticration ; discharge; letting ioa<e ; 
8. eoecniption; 4. v^anuminsioii (of a 
Hl&ve); b. freeing ; delivery ; 6. release; 
7. (of letters) pai/me7it of postage; S. 
(of parcels) payment of carriage; 9. 
(post.) prepayment. 

Timbre d' , (po^t.) postage-stamp. 

AFFKE [a-fr] n. f, s,pl. 1. X dread; 
terror ; 2. terrors (of death). 

AFFHTEMENT [a-fr-l-manj n. m. 

(com. nav.) chartering ; freighting. 

AFFK6TEK [a-fre-te] V. a. (com. uav.) 
ft) charter ; to freight. 

AFFU^TEUIt [a-frt-teur] n. m. (com. 
nav.) charterer ; freighter. 

AFFUEUSEMENT [a-i>ca-.-maii] adv. 
frightfully; horribly; terribly; dread- 
fuUy ; IwrHdly ; slwckingUj. 

AFFEEU-X, SE [a-freu, eu-z] adj. 

frightful ; horrible ; terrible ; dread- 
ful ; Iwrrid ; shocking. 

AFFlUANDElt [a-fri-in-di] v. a. 1. | to 
make, to render dainty ; 2. ^ to allure; 
io entice. 

AFFKIOLER [a-fri-o-k] v. a. If to al- 
lure ; to entice. 

AFFRONT [n-fron] n. m. 1. affront; 
Insult; 2. dishonor; discredit; 3. hu- 
miliation ; shame.\a.nt outrageons affront; ovt- 
r-jge. Avaler, boire mi fiW to pocket 
a = ; digiirer un , to brook an=; 
I sr.uyer un , to receive an =r ; faire , 
r;n , to affiont; to offer an =:; rece- 
'".vir lui , to receive an = ; subir un 
, to put up uitli an =. 

Ba mt'iiioire lui tit , his memory 
failed hiiiu 

AFFKONTfi E, [a-fron-te] adj. (her.) 
.iff r on tee. 

AFFltONTER, v. a. 1. 1 to face; 2. 
i (b. s.) to affront (face) ; 3. t to deceive; 
lo clteat ; to take in. 

AFFUBLElt [a-fu-bi] V. a. (de) 1. B to 
tcrap up (in); 2. B (b. s.) to muffle, to 
muffle rip (in) ; 3. [ (b. s.) to di'ess out, 
jip (in) ; 4. to cover (with). 

AFFUSION [a-fii-sion] n. t (pliarm.) 

iFFCT [a-fu] n. m. 1. tcntch ;^ catch; 
. (artil.) (of a gun) carriage. 

X r , 1. upon Vie icatch; 2. in %oait. 
Avoir I'ceil a 1' , to keep o.'s xcatch ; 
.V're a 1" , 1. (de) to be upon Vie uatch 
(for) ; 2. to lie in wait (for). 

AFFCTAGE [a-fu-ta-j]n. m. 1. (hat.) 
dressing; 2. (tech.) (of tools) sharpen- 
ing; setting; wfietting ; 3. (tech.; ^i 
uf tools. 

AFFtlTER r-f-w] V. a. 1. to point (a 
pencil); 2. (tech.) to set, io s/utrpen, to 
whet (tools). 

Ab'FtTIAU [H-fu.ti-6] n. m. ^~ 
Itnick-knack ; bawble; geicgaw. 

AFIN [a-fin] conj. 1. (tie) in order 

iti') ; 2. (que) (subj.) in order (that) ; 1[ so 

de, (inf.) in order to ; to ; que, 
(^tibi.) 1. in order to; 2. that ; so that. 

AFRICAIN, E [a-fri-kin. k4.n] adj. Afri- 
AFRICAIN, n. m. E, n. f. African, 

l-.L {. 

A FE IQL'E (L') [U-fri-k] p. n. f Africa. 

^ a A [a-pi] n. m. aga (Turkish mili- 
t(j y chie'f). 

AOAOANT, E [a ga-san, i] adj. excit- 
ing ; alluring. 

AOACE. A0AS8E [a-gs-t] a. t V. 

AG A CEMENT [a-Ka-.-man] n. HI. 1. 

tetting (the ta^th) .w 6dg; 2. irrUjtion 
fof tUe nerves) 

AGACER [n-g.-.^] V. a. 1. [ to set (the 
teeth) on edge; 2. I to irritate (the 
nerves) ; S. | to tormeiit ; to plague ; to 
tease; to set on; 4. to animate; io 
excite ; 5. (b. s.) to excite; to allure. 

AGACERIE [K-ga-n-ri] n. f. allure- 
ment; enticement; enticing maimer. 

Fairc les s a, to allure; to set o.'s 
cap at. 

AGAME [a-ga-m] adj. (bot) agamous. 

AG AMI [a-ga-uii] n. HI. (orn.) agami ; 
^ trumpeter. 

AGAMIE [] n. (bot.) crypto- 

AG A PE [agn-i.] n. (tlieol.) agape ; 

AGA PETES [a-ga.p4-i] n. f. Agapette 
(unmarried women leading a recluse 

AGAR [agar] p. n. llagar. 

AGARIC [a-sa-rik] n. m. (bot) agaric. 

champfctro, eatable field = ; mush- 
room ; femelle. de chunc, des cliirur- 
j,ien.s, touch-ivood. 

AGASSE [a-ga-s] n. V. Pie. 

AGATE [a gat] n. agate. 

D" , 1. ot' =; 2. igaty. 

AGATIIE [a-ga-t] p. n. AgaVia. 

AGATIIOCLE [a-gvto-ki] p. n. m. 
(cl as. ) Agath odes. 

AGATII VRSES [a-ga-ti-r] p. n. tn. pi. 
(anc. hist.) Agaihyrsi. 

AGAVE [a ga-v] n. m. (bot) agate. 

Age [a j] n. m. 1. age ; 2. age ; years; 
\ time of life; 3. age; century. 

avance, advancing age; ^ time of 
day; bas , infancy ; jeune , 1. child- 
hood ; 2. young years ; moyen , (hist) 
middle^s ; moyen, ?nicf = ; niur, 
mature =; ; = ; nubile, de i>ubert6, 
a se nmrier, marriageable = ; ten- 
dre, early age ; vieil , 1. old = ; = ; 2. 
oldne.'is ; viril, 1. manhood; 2. (law) 
man's estate; d'airain, brazen = ; = 
of brass; d"argent silver =:; de 
discernement (law) := of discretion ; 
de fer, iron = ; dor, golden :=. ; 
d'homme, (law) man's estate ; de rai- 
son, = of discretion. Dcfaut d" , leant 
of ::=; fleur del" .prime of life. A 
la fleur de 1" , 1. in the prime of life ; 
^ in o.'s prime ; in the flower ofo.'s =: ; 
2. blooming ; a 1' de . . . , at Vie = of 
...; at ... years old ; at ... ; a tout , 
at any anil every =^\ avant 1" (de), by 
the =; (of ) ; d' en , from =^ to =z; 
d" , in years ; dn jeune , youthful ; 
du meme , 1. of Vie same = ; 2. coeval ; 
en , 1. in years; 2. (law) of full =i; 
en bas , of tender = ; in iitfancy ; 
entre deux s, middle-aged ; hors d' , 
1. past = ; 2. (of horses) old ; aged ; liors 
d' d'avoir des enfants, (pere.)pr(< bear- 
ing ; Uors d' de porter, (cf trees) pant 
bearing ; pour sor. ,for o.'s=^, years. 
Atteindre 1' de . . . ans, to reach . . . 
years of=- ; etre d" a, to be of an z=: 
to , etre bien pour son , to bear o.'s 
years well ; etre surf , to be in years ; 
etre en , avoir \' , avoir atteint 1" , to 
be of = ; paraitre son , to look o.'s =. 
Ilonoro par 1' , * time-honored ; qui 
tire sur P , elderly. Quel avc/.-vous ? 
how old are you f que! me donn/^rie/.- 
vous? hoic old should you take me to 

kCt., E [A-j] adj. 1. (dk, . . .) of age; 
old ; aged ; 2. aged ; old ; in years. 

1. de dix ana, ap(*d ten t/fars ; ten f/ears old, 
of age. '2. C'est nn homnte , Ac w an aged, old 
man, a man in y<-ars. 

Un pen , elderly. Personne plus 
e, elder, fitre --,to be aged, old, in 
years ; ttre de . . . ans, to be... years 
old, of age. 

AGENCE [a-jan-s] X (com.) agency 
business , agency. 

AGENCEMENT [a-jSn-i-mSn] n. m. 
arrangement; dis2>-)sition ; ordering. 

AGENCER [-jAn..6] V. a. ^ fo ar- 
range; to d'ipose ; to order. 

t^xxe agenoC; ( V. senses) to be dressed 
up, off. 

AGENDA [-.iic-J] E. m. memorati- 

AGftNESIE r,.j.c.i<] n. (med.) 
sterilitt/ ; impotence. 

AGENOUILLER (S.') [la-j-aoa-U*] pr. 

V. (DEVAST, i>efore, to) to kneil ; tokn<a 

AoKNOiTiLi.E, E. pa. p. kneeliug; kti^iil 
ing doun ; on o.'s Alices. 

AGENOUILLOIR [a-j-nou-ioar*] n. u- 

AGENT [a-jSi.] n. m. 1. I; i 
Jifelloic-agent ; 3. (in Ireland) middie 
man ; 4. (admin.) agent ; .\ (cam., 
agent; 6. (com ) (of a busincs.s) tranii-,-) 
tor ; 7. (philos.) agent. 

coinptable, 1. accountant ; 2. (..*. 
purser; intermcdiaire, (did) mcdiinrt, 
monijtaire, de circulation mouetaire 
(I'olit ccon.) circulating medium; S3us 
, sub-agejii ; d'ali'aires, agent ; d' 
change, stock-broker ; broker ; d: 
faillite, assignee of a bankrupt. 

AGESIEAS [a-j-ii-ia] p. n. m. (claf&} 
AGEUSTIE, n. V. AgletjStie. 
AGGftE [ac-j^] p. n. m. Ilaggai. 

AGGLO.M^RATION [a-glo-m^-ra-sion] 
n. agglomeration. 

AGGLO.MfiRE, E [a.gio-m-r6] adj. 1 
agglomerated ; 2. (bot) agglomerated. 

AGGLO.M^RER, v a. to agglome- 

S"aogi.omerer, pr. v. to agglomerate 

AGGLUTINANT, E [a-gUi-ti-DM, t], 

AGGLUTINATI-F, VE [a-glu-ti-n ii' 
iv] adj. (med.) agglutinant ; aggluti- 
natire ; glutinative. 

AGGLUTINANT [a-glu-ti-nan] n. m. 

AGGLUTINATION [a-glu-ti-na-eionl 
II. (surii.) agglutination. 

AGGLUTINER [a-glu-ti.n] v. a. to 

AGGRAVANT, E [a-gra van, t] ld^ 
tlaw) aggravating. 

Circonstanue e. aggravation. 

AGGRAVATION [a-gra-va-.;ocJ Ii. f 
aggravation ; augmentation. 

AGGRAVE [a-gra-v] n. (can. Kw) 
second fubnination of a threatcnku) 

AGGRAVER [a-gra v#] v. a. to aggro 
rate (ron<lcr mine irrHvo). 

AGGREDIR [a-gre-dir] V. &. i to at 


AGILE [a-ji-1] adj. 1. agile; 2.Kini- 
ble ; 3. attire. 

AGILEMENT [a-ji-l-man] adv. 1. irith 
agility; 2. nimbly. 

AGILITE [a-ji-'ii-t6] n. C 1. agilUy; 

2. nimbleness. 

AGIO [a-ji-o] n. m. (bank.) agio; pro 

AGIOTAGE [a-ji-o-ta-j] n. m. stock- 
jobbing ; Jobbing. 

Faire 1' , to gamble, to play in the 
funds, stocks. 

AGIOTER [a-ji-o-tf] V. n. to gamble, U> 
play in the funds, stocks. 

AGIOTEUR [a-ji-o-teur] n. m. stock- 
jobber ; moncy-iol)ber ; jobber. 

AGIR [njirj'v. n. 1. to'act; 2. to do, 

3. to act; to operate; to work; 4. 
(pers.) to behave ; to conduct o.'s self; 
5. (law) (costke) to proceed (against); 

10 -we (, . .). 

bien, 1. to act right ; 2. (enverr) t" 
behave handsomely (to) ; bien en\ ere 
q. u., to treat, to use a. o. well; con- 
formement a, to-=^up to; librement 
avec, to make bold with ; mal. 1. to = 
wrong ; 2. to do icrong ; 8. (ex vers) to 
behave u/nhandsomely (to); mal eu- 
vers.q. u., to treat, to use a. o. ill ; pc:u 
soi, 1. to =;yo/- o.'s self; 2. to set up fc/i 
o.'s self; avec, to 7ise ; en avoc, t/) 
deal by; d"apres, to = upon : envrre 
q. u., to do by. Etre porte ii , to b* 
induced to action ; faire , to cause if. 
=: ; to make = ; 2. to put, to sH in mo- 
tion; 8. (tech.) to drive. Qui fait 
qui porte i - -, (did.) motive. 

S'aoir, pr. V. (imp.) 1. (de. to) to ?)t 
in question; 2. to be 'Joe. matter ; 8. U 
be at stake. 
1. II t'apit de ohoisir, tkr quotion is to ckn-,' 
De quoi s'agit-il ? what is ihe matter 

11 s'agil de..., 1. the ij:ieiiion is.. 

is the question ; 2. . . . the matter' . t at stake ; \'. .-"iu.'it bien d ; ...;... 
is really Vie quesu.)}! ii. / -int ; 2. (iimi 




a^ljodte; MJeu; e/ijeune: iiyeur; an pan; ?/i pin ; wibon; Hk brun llliq. ; *gn Ilq. 

3icy have something else to think of; il 
at' a'agit pas do ... , not the ques- 
iion. the point in quention. 

AGISSANT, E [a-ji-sin, t] adj. 1. act- 
ire; 2. efficacious; 3. (pers.) stirring; 
busy : 4. buMing. 

AGITATEUU [a-ji-ta-tenr] n. m. agi- 

AGITATION [H-ji-iA-ricn] n. t 1. ! 
i'jitaticn; 2. l xhaldng ; 8. \ tossing; 
I \ stir; 5. ! % bustle; 0. 1 motion; 7. II 
^ Oaing ; joggling ; S. 1 waring; 9. 
dictation; di.ttrbing ; riijfie ; flutter. 

Dans , agitated, ruffled. Avoir de 
i' -,{V. senses) to ?^e t agitation. 

AGITEK [n-ji-t] V. a. 1. ' to agitate; 
'I. II to shake; 3. I to toss,- 4. I to sii/-,- 
B. il to more ; 6. to jr/;/ ,- to joggle ; to 
give a jog to ; 1. || to ware ; 8. 1 to strtig- 
gle ; 9. to agitate ; to disturb ; to 
trouble; to disquiet; 10. ^ to ruffle; to 
flutter; 11. to agitata (a question); to 
*/; 12. to//v^ (liquids). 

violemment, ( V. senses) to con^ 
viUse. Que Ton peut , ( F. senses) afiri- 

AoiTE, E, pa. p. ( V. senses of Agiteb) 

1. {th.) in agitation; 2. in motion; 8. 
(^K.) disturbed ; restless; uneasy. 

5'.n. AniTft, kMU, TRfiL"Bi,ft. The heart is 
4mu by n single Sfnti-m-nt, ay"/^ bvm^'re than one, 
flp.d troubU by the diaorcer whi.-li they prodtioe. 
Compassion emeiit ; iiidijrniiti< n at a eriiiie, anl 
jity for its perpetrtit >r, rghfnt ; love and jealousy 
troub'ent tlie heart and tliu rej;8 n. 

S'aoitek, pr. V. 1. ! to be agitated ; 

2. to shake; 3. l to toss ; to toss about; 
4. ! to s^Jr; to <iV about ; 5. II to move; 
to he in motion ; C. I to bustle ; 7. 1 to 
jog; to joggle; S.}.toicave; 9. 1 (pers.) 
to be restless ; 10. II to struggle ; 1 1. to 
Je induced to action ; 12. to i (/i- 
icted, disturbed, troubled, vneasr/ ; 1-3. 
% to/ret; 14. to f utter; 15. (of ani- 
UJlls) to be restless ; 16. (of liquids) to be 
(<n, upon the fret ; 1 7. (of a question) to 
i<j agitated ; 13. (of tlie sea) to nse ; to 
'Jit rough. 

I'onvoir , ( V. senses') to be agitable. 
T''n'>mne qui s'agitc, ( V'. senses) 1. bust- 
V- ; 2. struggle?. 

AGLAl^ [a-ffiac] p. n. f. (myth.) 
j'.'^laia (one of tlie Graces). 

AQL0.M6REK. V. Agglomeuf.r. 

AQLOSSIE Di-glos-si] n. C (med.) loss 
cfthe tongue. 

AGLUTINEE. V. Aoglutinee. 

AGNAT [iig-na] n. in. (ana law) ag- 

AGNATION [ag-nA-sion] n. f. (anc. law) 

A6NATIQUE [as-na-ti-k] adj. (anc. 
Uw) agnatic. 

AGNEAU [a-gno*] n. Tn. lamb. 

femelle, ew - =r ; juineatu twin- 
Ung ; pascal, /)aw/iZ '=; de lait, 
tucking =: ; sans tache + , spotless =:=. 
Laine d" , lamb's wool ; peau d" , 
lumJ/skin ; petit d' , lambkin. 

IT . 1. of lamb ; 2. lam.b-like. 

AGNEL [a-gnii*] n. m. ag7iel (old 
French gold coin). 

AGNELEIl fa-gns-u*] V. n. t to yean ; 
U' bring fort'i himbs. 

AGNELET [a-gng-ie*] n. m.t lambkin. 

AGNELINE [agns-u-n*] adj. ttofa 

Laine , , lam,b's icool. 

AGNES [a-gnes*] n. f. \. innocent, sim- 
ple girl; simpleton; 2. p. n. Agnes. 

Faire 1' , to play the simpleton. 

AGNUS [ag-nii] n. m. (Rom. cath. rel.) 

AGNU8-CASTU3 [ag-nm-kM-tui" n. 
f-i., pi , (bot.) chaste-tree. 

AGNUS-DEI Ug-nus-di-i] n. m. (Eom. 
X :\\, lit.) agnus-dei. 

AOONE > gon] n. m. (ant) public 
'omtcht., game. 

Combattant au.t s, (ant.) ago7iistes. 

AGONIE [a-go-ni] n. f. 1. agoni/; (iv- 
jui^h ; pang ; 2. agony ; pauys of 
Jeith ; death-strugglrs. 

AT , 1. di/zng ; ea-piring; in the 
oangn of death ; 2. at the iioint of death; 
f at death's door. Soulfrir 1' ^ to ago- 
nize ; faire soulfrir dos s A. to agonize. 
>iul souffre 1", agonized; qui fait 
JonCMr iea s, agonizing. 

AGONISANT, E [a-go-ni-zan, t] adj. dy- 
ing ; expiring ; in t/ie pangs of death. 

AGONISEK [a-go-ni-z4] V. n. to be dy- 
ing, expiring ; to be in the pangs of 

AGONISTARQUE [a-go-nis-tar-k] n. 
m. (ant.) officer tcho presided at the 
public games. 

AGONOTIlfeTE [a-go-no-ti-t] n. m. 
(class.) officer iclio presided at tlie sa- 
cred gaines (of the Greeks). 

AGOUTI [a-gou-ti] n. m. (mam.) 

AGRAFE [a-gra-f] n. f. 1. hook (to en- 
ter an eye) ; 2. hook and eye ; 3. clasp ; 
4 (arch.) cramp. 

et [lorte, hook and eye. 

AGRAFER [a-gra-K] y. a, 1. to hook 
(into an eye) : 2. to clasp. 

AGRAIR]:: [n-gre-r] adj. agrarian. 

AGRANDIR [a-griin-d'ir] V. a. 1. 1 to 

enlarge ; 2. S to make, to render larger ; 

8. to aggrandize; 4. I| to magnify; 
5. I (in lensrth) to lengtJien; 6. 8 (in 
witith) to widen ; 7. to 7-aise ; to in- 
crease ; to augment; 3. to exalt; to 
raise; to dignify; 9. ^ (b. s.) to ex- 

1 . une niais n, to enlarge a hirute. 9. la 
faille, til make thr fitivr: larger (to add to the 
stature). 3. line famille, (o~ aggrandize a /am- 
ih. 4. Le m-crrscnne aprandit lea objets, the 
niii^macipt magnities uhjecia. 1. sea prett-ntiens, 
to raise, to increase o.'a pretensions. 8. nn su- 
jet donnt?, ( raise, to exalt a gtvert tiihject. 9. 
V'ous agrandissez sa faute, you exaggerate his 
fault. % 

Agrajjdi, e, pa. p. Y. senses of Agran- 


Non , ( Y. senses of Agraxdir) 1. J 
un enlarged ; 2. unaggrandized. 

S'agrandir, pr. v. 1. ! (th.) to enlarge ; 
2. I (pers.) to enlarge o. s estate; 3. ! to 
become larger ; 4. (pers.) to aggran- 
dize o.'s self; 5. 1 to be magnified ; 6. I 
(in lengrth) to lengthen ; 7. I (in widtli) 
to iciden ; S. to >'is ; to increase ; to 
augment; 9. to be exalted, raised, 


n. m. 1. I enlargement : 2. J making, 
rendering larger ; S. aggrandlze- 
ment ; 4. I magnifying ; 5. I (in Icncrth) 
lengthening; 6. (in width) icldening ; 
7. ^raisi}}g ; increase; augmentation; 
S. s exaltation ; raising ; dignifying ; 

9. $ (b. s.) exaggeration. 

A ({RAVER. Y. Aggraver. 

AGR6ABLE [a.gr6-a-bi] adj. (sub.) (a, 
to ; DE, to . de, to) 1. agreeable ; plea- 
sant; 1. pleasing ; .3. * grateful; 
pleasurable ; 4. (pol'e, to) acceptable 
(to) ; 5. desirable; 6. u-elcome ; 7. (to 
the senses) comfortable ; 8. (to the taste) 

1 . Un lieu , an agreeable, pleasant p^ace ; une 
pers nne , an agreeable, pleasant person. 2. 
Pes mani'jres s. pleasing manners. 3. Des ^mo- 
tii.ns , pleasurable emotions, fi. Des nouvelles 
s, welcome inteUi^ence, 7. Maison ru feu , 
c mf'irtable house or fire ; vitement , comforta- 
ble cli thing. 

Pen , ( V. senses) 1. unpleasing ; 2. 
unacceptable. an goiit, palatable. 
Avoir pour , to alloic ; tn permit; 
faire 1' aupris de, to play the agreea- 
ble, to pay court to. Ayez pour , al- 
low me ; permit me ; will it be agree- 
able to you f 

AGRilABLEMENT [ ft-gre-a-bli-miin ] 
adv. 1. agreeably ; pleasantly ; 2. pleas- 
i"g^!/! g>'otefully ; 3. pleasurably ; 4. 
acceptably ; 5. (to the senses) comfoit- 
aldy ; 6. {to the taste) palatably. 

AGR6e [a-gr-f] n. m. solicitor, attor- 
ney (to the tribunal of commerce). 

AGR^ER, V. a. 1. to accept; to re- 
ceire ; 2. to approve ; 3. (que, subj.) to 
alloic; to permit. 

3. .-tt/'-i'-r que je voua disc, o7(?w mf to te^i vou. 

AGRfeER. V n ( k, ...) to please.' 

Cela ne li a.jr'e pas, thot 'hits not ple:ise him. 

AGRftER. V. a. t I'. Grekr. 

AORliGAT [a gr-ga] n. m. (did.) ag- 

AGRT^GATIF, VE [, i-y ] 
adj. aqgregutive. 

AGRlilGATION [a-gr-g5.a:on] n. f. 1. 

aggregate ; 2. (th.) congregation ; as- 
I semblage; 3. (pers.) admission (ink) a 

body); 4 fclicm., phys.) aggre^jation: 
5. (univ.) /elloui/i/p ; C. (univ.) eseanii- 
nation for the ftlluu:sh ip, 

Concours d" , (univ.) e/xaminaiinn 
for the felloicship. 

AGRltGi:, E [a-gT6-j] adj. 1. (br.t) 
clustered ; 2. (cliem.) aggregojU ; 8 
(did.) aggregate. 

AGREGl^:, n. in. (univ.) fellow. 

AGR:6GER, v. a. to admit, to roxicfi 
(into a public i>ody). 

AGR6.MENT [a-gr-man] n. m. 1. W7> 
se7it ; approbation; 2. agreeablen6.s : 
pleasantness; Z. pleaingness ; grati- 
Jicatio7i ; gratefuhiess ; 4. * pleasura- 
bleness ; 5. pleasure ; tharm ; 6. oiT^a- 
mcnt (of clothing, fiu'niture) ; 7. (to the comfoii. ; S. (mus.) grace. 

Art, talent d' , accomplishment; 
note d' , (inus.) grace-note. . Sans , 
( V. senses) 1. uncomfortable ; comfort- 
less ; 2. uncoinfoi'tably. Qui ne laisse 
pas d" , comfortless. 

AGRi:S [a-gre] n. m. (j)!.) (mar.) 7'ig- 
ging, sing. 

AGRESSEUR [n-gri-aear] n. m. ag- 

\y , aggressive. tre V , to be tJu 
agg/'essor ; to aggress. 

AGRESSION [a-grJ-aion] n. C aggres- 

Faire une , to 7nake an =. 

AG RESTE Fa-grcs-t] adj. 1. agrestic ; 
wild ; 2. rural; sylcunj 3. (b. s.) rus- 
tic ; rude. 

AGRiCOLE [u-gri-ko-1] adj. agricui- 

Industrie , agriculture; husbandry. 

AGRICULTEUR [,.-gri-kui-teur] n. m, 

1. agriculturist; 'l. husbandman; til- 

AGRICULTURE [a-gn-Kul-tu-r] n. 1 1. 
agriculture; '2. husba7idry ; tillage, 

D ' 0/'= ; agricultural. 

AGRIE [a-gri] n. C (med.) h'trpm (i 
.species of tetter). 

AGRIFFER (S") [aa-gri-f] pr. v. (i fo 
to cling b>/ its clans ; to cling. 

AGRIGENTE [a-gri jant] p. U. (JlEO 
geog.) A<iri(ie7itum. 

AGRlI'Al'iME [h-gri-p5-n.] n. f. {\j>A) 
(genus) I. motherwort ; 2. uild ptUm. 

AGlill'I'ER [a-gri-p(^] V. a. tosnatc't; 
to snatch 7ip. 

AGRlPriNE [a-gri-pi-n] p. n. f. (clfwe.) 

AGRONOME [a gro-no-n.] n. m. agrir 

AGEONOMIE [a-gro-no-mi] n. agri- 

AGRONOMIQUE [a-gro-no-mi-k] wij. 

AGROSTEMME [ a-gro-ati-m ] n. m. 
(bot.) 1. rose campion; campion-roee ; 

2. corn-cockle. 

des jardins, rose-campion. 
AGROSTIDE [a-gro-sti-d] n. f, 
AGROSTIS [a-groe-tu] n. m. (bot) 


stolonifi're. /?ori?i. 
AGROUFER'[ft-groa-p] v. a. (astr.) to 


AGRYPNIE [a-grip-ni] n. f. (mod) 
agri/p7iia ; wakefulness. 

AGUERRIR [a-gh4-rir] V. a. 1. I to - 
ure to war; 2. (a, to) to inure; py 

Aouerri, e, pa. p. Y. senses of Agikk 


Non , vninured ; unseasoned. 

S'aguerrir. pr. v. 1. to become acctt-t- 
tomed, il} tired to war ; 2. to become ac- 
customed, inured, used (A, to). 

AGUETS [a-ghf] n. m. (pi.) % nali, 

Personne a ix , 1. person on, upon 
the icatch ; 2. lui'ker ; 3. person on ihc 
look-out. Aax , ^. in wait; 2. on, 
upon the watrh ; on the look-out ; dw 
, lurking, fitre, as tenir aux , 1. to 
lie i7i watch ; 2. to lurk ; 3. to lie en, 
upon the icatch, look out. Mettre q. a 
au.x . to set a. o. on the watch. 

AGUEUSTIE [a-geu-ati] n. (uiti) 
loss of ta-tte. 

AGUIMPER [a-ghin.p*] V. a. tto Ircj/ 
in a tucker. 

All [4] Int ah. 





amal; <i uiille; efeo; Kve; Effete; ^je; iW; Ule; omol; omole; 6mort; usac; (c&ats; c-ajonr; 

AIIEURTEMKNT [-heur-t-man] n. m. 
OtiHtinticy ; Htuhhnrnness. 

AIIKUKTEK (S") [H-heur-td] pr. v. (a) 
to he iihxtindte, stuoborn {hi) ; to be 
Keck/ed (to) ; ^ to Hticic (to). 
AMI U-i] int. V. ATe. 
A 11 UKIIi [a.u-rir] V. a. 1. to astound ; 
hUKlamfiiunUer ; to strike all of 
(I heap ; '2. tojiiirri/. 

At, ind. pros. 1st sing, of Avoir. 
A I [t] (termination of tlie first person 
lijigr.lar of tlie in(licati\e preterite of 
Tcrbs (if tlie first conjugation). 
Al [ii-i] n. III. (main.) at ; sloth. 
AICllE, ECIIE [e-.l.] n. f (fish.) halt 

AICIIER [h-W] V. a. (fish.) to put a 
ICO I'm on (a hook) ; to bait. 

AIDE [e-d] n. f 1. aid ; help; assixt- 
fince; 1. xuvcor ; relief; ?,. aid (lax); 
4. parochial clutpel; chapel of ease ; 5. 
(man.) aid. 

A P ! Iielp! ft r <le, tcith the =, 
aid of; avee 1 do. (pcrs.) by the aid 
of; en , /// "/'/ ; sans , I. unaided ; 
unhelped ; unao'^ixted ; 2. iinhefriend- 
ed; 8. u/nliavhed ; 4. (b. s.) unahetted. 
Appeler ft V , to call for ; donner 
et protection, to grant aid and protec- 
tion ; prcter a q. u., to give a. o. = ; 
preter et assistance, to lend aid and 
assistance ; venir ft T de q. u., venir 
en ft q. u., to come to a. o.'s aid. Dieu 
Boit en ft ... 1 God help ...J Ainsi 
Dieu me, vous, soit en ! so help me, 
yoii, God ! 

Sim.htns, SKCOURR, APrui. Aide i that 
wlii'cb jierson asks, when unable to perforin the 
duties with which be is charged; tecuura is what 
one implores, wht-n too weak to meet alone the 
Attack of an enemy ; apj'ui is what one requires, 
wbeu incompetent u> nuiintain Ilis position, or too 
weak fijr the 8it;.ation in which he finds himself 
placed Aide is a service to us in heavy tabors , 
tecotirsy in danger ; aft/'tti, at all times. Mim in his 
helideEsness has recourse to religion, which be 
finds an umxii (Huprtirt) amid the labors and tria's 
of life, which vie. Is hini etc uri, (cc..r) agaiost 
the attacks of tne passii ns, and aiJe (aid) in bis ef- 
forls to lend .1 virtuous life. 

AIDE [i-d] n. m. t. assistant; 2. 
Mpcr ; 8. coad.jutor; 4. (comp.) un- 
icr- ... ; 5. (niar.^ mate. 

mafon, ft n\w;or\^ laborer ; 

clirurgien, surgeoiCs mate ; de cui- 
sine, under-v.ook ; des coremonics, 
assist<int ni'jster of ceremonies ; ma- 
jor, adjtiant; du patron, master's 
ruat-e ; -- oanonnior. qua rter-gunner. 

AII>E DE CAMP [fc-d6-k5n] n. m., pi. 
aiDES DE CA.MP, (mil.) aid de camp. 

du roi, 1. king's =; ; 2. (in England) 
lord in traiting. 

AlDKi: [edf] V. ft. 1.(nK, iM'iA,- ft, in, 
to); to aid ; to help; to assist; 2. to 
tuccor ; to reliere ; 'i. (law) to com.fort. 

ou a<sister. (law) to aid and assist ; 

a avanccr. to help fmtcard, on ; ft 
avoir, lo lielp im ; a dcscendre, 1. to 
hflp doirii ; 2. to 'land dairn ; a en- 
trcr, 1. to helj) in ; 2. to liand in, into ; 

ft marclu-r, to liel/i on ; a monter, 
1. to help up ; 1. til hand up ; ft ptis- 
ser, sunuonter, traverser, to help over ; 

ft relever, lo help up ; a sorlir, 1. to 
help out ; 2. to hand out. I'oiir . . . , 
( V. senses) in aid of ... . 

8'aii}er, pr. V. 1. to aid, to help, to 
rssist o7ie's self, one another ; 2. to act ; 
,0 bestir o.''a self; 8. (de) to make uee 


I'un I'autre, to aid, to help, to assist 
tach oth-ir. 

AIDER, V. n. 1. (a,...; d, in, to) to 
aid ; to aid, to help, to assist (a. o. mo- 
Bientarily) ; 2. (a) to aid (in a. th.) ; to 
cxni tribute (to); to promote (...); to 

1, nq. u. qni tombc, to help a. o. /Afff i$ falling, 
i. ao iuci'i I d q. ch,, to contiibutc to the sue- 
te^f of a. th. ; a une entreprise, to further av 

ft la lettro. to add to tli^ matter. 
Ole'.i aidant, tcitJi God's lielp. 

ATi: [a ] Lit. oh ! 

Air. iinp^ra. 2d sing.; subj. pres. iFt 
A'Aii. lit Avoir. 
.\iENT, subj. pres. 8d pi. 
Aies. Mib). pres. 2d sinp 
4IKNT [c] (termination of the third 

person plural of the imperfect tense of 
the indicative mood, and of the present 
tense of the subiunctive mood of verbs). 

AlEUL [a-ieul] n. m. 1. (pi. ATeuw) 
grand-father; * grand-sire; 2. (pi. 
AiEiTX) ancestor ; forefather ; * father ; 

Los deux s. t/te paternal and ma- 
ternal grand-fathers ; the ttco grand- 

AlEULE [n-ien-i] n. f. grand-mother. 

AIGE [i-jjn. f. (med.) white spot on 
the pupil of the eye. 

AlGLE'[e-gi] n. m. 1. (orn.) eagle 
(genus); 2. star; great genius; 3. 
eagle (American gold coin) ; 4. (of 
churches) reading-desk ; 5. (astr.) aqui- 
la ; eagle. 

Grand , (sta.) grand eagle ; double 
elephant. royal, (orn.) golden, ring- 
tailed = ; (ie mer, (orn.) sea eagle 
Pierre d" , (\n\r\.) (ttitfs ; =z -stone. A 
vol (V , ** ^ -tcinged ; ft la vue de 1" , 
= -sighted ; aux yeux d' , qui a des 
yeux d" , = -eyed ; = -sighted. D" , 

AIGLE, n. f. 1. (her.) eagle ; 2. (Rom. 
hist.) eagle. 

AIGLETTE [J-pU-t] n. f (her.) eaglet. 

AIGLON [i-gion] n. m. 1. eaglet; 2. 
(her.) eaglet. 

AIGRE [J-gr] adj. 1. I acid; smir ; 
tart; 2. sour; tart; sharp; acri- 
monious; harsh; 8. (pers.) acrimo- 
nious; sour; crabbed; churlish; 4. 
(of the air, wind) sharp; piercing; 5. 
(of metals) brittle ; eager ; G. (of odors, 
taste) musty ; unpleasant ; 7. (of sound) 
sharp; shrill; 8. (paint.) (of colors) 

2. D 'S paroles qui snt , icorrfs that are sour, 
sharp, acrimoni* us. 

Son, ton , shrillness, 
bitter looking. 

5. le caract^re, in sour the tentper. 3. q. u. 
to exasperate, to incense a. o. 4. la douleur, \t 
rnal. t" increase the pain, tlf diseate. 

S'aigrir, pr. V. 1. I to sour ; to turn 
sour ; 2. (of the temper) to s( ur ; 8. S 
to become exasperated, incen,ieO ; 4. $ 
to increase ; to augment. 

AIGU, fi [e-gu] adj. 1. II acute ; simp- 
pointed ; 2. || | sharp; 3. (of if JV 
acute; 4. (of sound) //<')/> , shriii ; 6. 
(geom.) acute; 6. (gram.) acute; T 
(med.) acute; 8. (mus.) shHll. 

Son, ton , shnllnes-% D'une nv 
nitre e, 1. sharply ; 2. acutely. Faivc 
un son , to shrill; rendre plus 
(med.) to ea'acerhate. 

AmUADE [J-ga-d] n. f. (nav.) 1. 
icater ; supply of water ; % wuterin(f- 

Fairc , to water. 

AIGUAIL [J-ga-i*] n. m. (hunt.) det/<- 

AIGUATER [^-ghi-if] V. a. l.towat^ 
(horses) ; 2. to rinse (linen). 

AIGUE-MARINE [i-g-ma-ri-n] n. t, 
pi. AiGUES-MAUiNES, (jewel.) aqua ma- 

AIGUli;RE r>-gi"e-r] n. f. e^rer. 

AIGU I 6r6E [e ghie-r] n. f. * merfiiU. 

AIGUILI.ADE [i-gui-ia-d*] n. f. goad. 

AIGIULLAT [fe-guiia*] n. m. (ich.) 

AIGUILLE [i-gni-i*] n. t 1. needle; 
2. (of a balance) index ; 8. (of a compais) 
needle ; spindle ; 4. (of dials, clocks, 
watches) hand; 5. (of steeples) spire; 
6. (ich.) acus ; hornfish ; 7. (min.) 
needle ; 8. (tsxW.) point ; pointer; sit itch. 

4. La grande , 1' des minutes, the minute 
hand ; la p. tite , I' des heures, the hour hand. 

flimaiitce, de bonssole, animated, 
magnetic, magnetical needle ; fine, 
fine = ; do berger, (bot.) lady's comb; 
Venus's comb ; a contre poids, (rail.) 
self-acting pointer ; a coudre, seiciri,g 
= ; ft cmballcr, pack- =: ; de n: jr, 
(ich.) horn-fish ; ft pa-sser, bodkin ; 
ft reprisor, a reprises, darning = ; t 
tapi.sserie, embroidery, carpet, nig = ; 
ft tote argon tee, dor6e, gold -eyed, til- 
rer-eyed = ; ft tricoter, kniWng- -. 

Tair , 
Avecun gofit . mus- 
tily : d"un son, d'un ton , shrilly. 

AIGRE, n. m. 1. 1 acidity : sourness ; 
tartness ; 2. (of the air. wind) sharp- 
ness ; piercingness ; 8. (of odor, taste) 
musfiness ; unpleasantness. 

Sentir 1', to smell musty, unplea- ^ , 

san< , tirer sur r , to be somewhat acid, Chas, trou d' , eye of a =; fiibricaiit 

d' 8, =^ -maker, manufacturer ; 

sour, tart 

AIGRE-DOU-X, CE [i-grS-don, on-.] 

adj. 1. II between sweet and sour; 2. 
sourish ; tartish. 

Parlor d'un ton , to speak with af- 
fected gentleness ; to disguise Vie real 
bitterness of one's meaning. 

AIGREFIN [^-grs-nn] n. m. J ^T" 

AIGRELET, TE [i-gr-li, t] adj. | 
sourish ; tartish. 

AIGREMENT fi-grf-man] adv. acri- 
moniously ; sourly ; tartly ; sharply; 

AIGREMOINE [i-grf-moa-n] n. f. (bot) 
agrimony ; liver-wort. 

AIGREMORE [J-gr6-mo-r] n. ro. ptil- 
verized charcoal (for fire-works). 

AIGRET, TE [h-grh, t] adj. i sourish; 

AIGRETTE [J grj-i] n. f. 1. (of birds) 
e{iret; aigret; aigrette; head-dress ; 
^ tuft ; 2. egret (ornament) ; 8. Cof fea- 
ther's) tu,ft; 4. (bot.) egret; 5. (mil.) 
tuft ; G. (om.) (of the owl) horn ; 7. (orn.) 
(of the peacock) crest ; 8. (orn.) egret ; 
9. (phys.) aigrette ; brush. 

s lumlnenscs, (phys.) htminmis 
aigrette. II6ron , (ova.) egret ; maca- 
que , (mam.) egret. A , 1. (orn.) 
created ; 2. tufted. 

AIGRETTE, E [^-gri-U] adj. tcitli an 
egret ; tufted. 

AIGREUR [4-greur] n. r. 1. II acidity ; 
sourness, tartness ; 2. sourness ; 
sharp'icss, tartr.ess ; acrimony ; harsh- 
nes' ; 3. (pers.) acrimony ; sourness ; 
crabbedness ; churlishness ; 4. s, (jil.) 
(ongr.) harshness ; 5. s, (jil.) (med) 
acidity of stomach. 

Avee , harshly. Avoir de 1" dans 

vrage a \' , = -tcork. En , nceroua; 
in the form of a =. Cristalliser en , 
(crystal.) to needle; so cristalliser en , 
(crystal.) to needle ; disputer sur la pointe 
d'une , to dispute about a pin's point ; 
enfilor une , to thread a z= ; prendre 
la forme d'une , (crystal.) to needle; 
travailler ft 1' , to do = -work ; to work 
at o.'s =: ; to work. 

AIGUILLi;E [i-gui-i6*] n. f. needle 

AIGUTLLETAGE [*-gui-i-ta-j*] n. m. 
(i\av.)f rapping ; seizing. 

Faire un . to seize. 

AIGUILLETEK [;;-g..i-i-t*] v.a.(nBV.) 
to frap : to seize ; to tnouse. 

AIGUILLETIER [!^-gui-i-ti6*] n. m. 

AIGUILLETTE [J-gui-iJ-t*] n. f. 1. 
aiglet; 2. (of flesh, of skin) slice; 3. 
('na\.^ sennit ; 4. (nav.) knittle; 5. (nav.) 
tricing-line ; 6. (nav.) (of stoppers) lan- 

ferr^e, tagged aiglet. 

AIGUILLEUR [^gui-ieur*] n. m.(nil.) 
point-turner ; pointsman ; stcitclier. 

AIGUILLIER [6-gui-i6*] n. m. 1. (th.) 
needle-case ; 2. (pers.) needle-maker. 

AIGUILLpN [6-gi.i-i6n*] n. m. 1. } 
goad ; 2. (a, to) spur ; incentive ; sti- 
mulufi ; incitement ; 3. (of insects, ser 
pents) <ifl(7 ; 4. -|- thorn ; 5 (bot) stimtt- 
lus ; \ prickle. 

ArmC d" s, (bot) prickly; ponni; 
d' s, (did.) aculeate. Bi iser 1' de J, tf 
un sting. 

AIGUILLONNER ri-g..i-io-nf] v. a. 1. 
1 5 to goad ; 2. (A, to; to spur ; to pv4 
on; to stimulate; to incite. 

Action d' , goading; gtimulation ^ 

I'humeur, Vesprit, to be of a sour, cross personne qtii aiguillonne , stimulator, 
disposition ; ^ to be cross-grained. Aiouili.onne, e, pa. p. ( K senses of 

AIGRIR [i-grir] v. a. 1. II to sour; to Aioi:ii.LONNrR (did.) aculeate, 
turn sour; to turn; 2. to sour; 8. i Non . unstimulated, 
to r asperate; to incense : to "mbitter ; \ AIGUILI-OT [c guiJi*] u. t 
4. S to increase , to augment I arch.) pintle. 




o joute; iiMjeu; jedne; eH peur; an pan; In pin; on bon; m bran; ll liq. ; gn Uq 

AIQUISEMENT [^-guii-man] n. m. 
t!! ichctting ; sharpening. 

AIGUISEU [e-gui-z4] V. a. 1. Itoivhet; 
to sharpen; to edge; to gize an edge 
to ; 2. I to sharpen ; to whet ; 3. to 
^uidken ; 4. to point (an epigfiim). 

2 I'Hppotil, to Blmrpen, to whet t/ie apj^etUe. 
i. ri'Sjii-ii, t" quicken tfie mini, 

Piorro a , hone. 

AIGUISERIE [*-g!ii-.-ri] n. f. (cut.) 
shop ulwre instruments are fihiirpened. 

A JL [ill] n. m., pL Aulx, [6] (bot.) (gc- 
ass) garlic. 

stijrile, enchalot. Gous.e d" , clove 
if garlic; garlic-hop ; goussc, tute d" , 
head of garlic. 

AILE [J-1] n. f. 1. 1 icing; 2. ** 
pinion ; van ; fan ; 3. (of armies, fleets) 
wing; 4 (of cliurches) aixle ; ailo; 5. 
(of the nose) ala ; 6. (of pinions) lec(f'; 

7. (of .vindtnills) /Z7i.; 8. (ai^ch.) icing; 
9. lt)ot)wiiig; 10. (liorol.)}?y ; U. (nav.) 

Daltei ^[.t de 1" , 1. ^flapping of the 
= ; 2. flickering ; bout d' , pinion 
(qnill) ; coup d' , flap ; de diirive, 
(nav.) lee-loard; de pigeon, (nav.) 
M'y-Hcrap r. Aux s rapidcs, swift- 
toiimed ; xitift o/"=; k tire d' , at a 
ungle.fliglU, sur 1' ,onthe=. Avoir 
ios s rapides, to be >>/ t-minged ; to 
he swift o/ \, en avJr dans 1' 1. not 
to he whiit 37U> iva/. ; 1. to be in love ; 
arrtter, retenir les <, <) pinion (by fast- 
ening); atttlndre, Mf.^er, frnpper ;\ I' 
to icing; b.ittro des--s, 1. to beat o.'s 
=.s ,- 2. to flip ; 8. (ilc.) to bate ; ne 
battre plug quo d'une , to be almost 
orer with o x ; cou^ er le bout de 1' h, 
to pinion ; I'.oj ler, prfiter des s, to give 
--S to ; to wing , otendre ses s, 1. to 
unread o.^s ->; 2. (falc.) to mantle; 
rr.qiper de 1', to flap ; munir, garnir 
d s, to tciuj ; porter, transportiT sur 
d,-6, scs 3, to wing ; rogner les s h q. 
c to flip a. o.'s =; tirerde 1" (vers), 
<o {to); trcinous.ser del' , to 
fii'-M'.r ; to flutter ; voler de ses propres 
e, '{iistiind upon o.'s oum legs ; vou- 
li'ii vf.lcr sans avoir des s, to try to fly 
It ilhoiit =. II en a dans Y , tt^re is a 
i'.reic loose; qui v'n pa-i d" , wingless. 

AILE [^-1] n. f. air O'ovcrage). 

Brasseur d' , = -hi ewer ; cabaret ou 
Ton dobite de 1" , = -liouse ; dubitant 
d' . =; -liouse-keeper. 

A I IJ:, E [el*] adj. I. winged; 2. (bot) 
'cingt-d ; 3. (her.) winged. 

L'cnfant -, Love; Cupid. 

AILERON [e-lr&n] ri. m. X.pinion; 2. 
(of a \yA{fi.T-w\iQ&\) float-board ; 8. (ich.^ 
(of stiuie flslies) fln ; 4. b, pi. (nav.) 

AILETTE [fc-U-t] n. f. \. (arcli.) smaU 
icing ; 2. side-lining ; 3. (a. & m.) iving- 
let; 4. {nsiV.) decking ; side-hoards. 

AILLADE [a-ia-d*] n. f. garlic-sauce. 

AiLLE, subi. pres 1st, 3dsing. of Aller. 

AILLEUliS [iiieur*] adv. 1. else- 
tnhiu-e; 2. somewhere else; anyichere 

Nulle part , notchere else; d' , 1. 
I (of place) elseiclwre ; some., anuwhere 
else; some, any ot/ier pUice ; i.'%froin 
some otiier cause ; on another account ; 

8. besides ; moreover , A.% in addi- 
tion to which. 

AIMABLE, [J -ran-bl] adj. 1. lovely 
(worthy of being loved); 2. (pour, to; 
de, to) amiable) 3. endearing ; 4. {de, 
k>) kind ; 5. agreeable. 

i. Iji vertu ost , virtuiis lovely; 5. Dc niaiii- 
.-es 8, iigreeable mannert. 

Peu , t. unlovely; 2. unamiahle ; 
I unkind. Faire V , to jilay the agree- 

AIMABLEMENT [J-om-bis-man] adv. 
X amiahli/. 

AIMANT, E [i-niAn, t] adj. loving; 
'irfet tionate. 
' Peu , unloving ; unaffectionate. 

AIMANT [J-mau] n. tn. 1. loadstone ; 
nagnet ; 2, magnet ; 3. (min.) load- 

artiflciel, artificial loadntone ; 
plorre d' , = ; magnet. Polo de 1' , 
magnetic pole. Armer un , to arnt, 
i cup a :=. m^tgnet. 


ALMANT^ E [.-m.V-W] adj. (pl.ys.) 

Aiguille e, =, unirruited needie; 
biirrcau . 1. artificial magnet; 2. 
(com.) artificial loadstone ; picrre e, 
loadstone : magnet. 

AIMANTEU, v. a (pbys.) to magnet- 

S'aimantek, pr. \:(phys.) to magnetize. 

AIM;, E [e-iiif] adj. loved ; beloved. 

liien , beloved; icell-heli/ved ; dear- 
ly luted ; niieu.v , best beloved; nou, 
peu , unloved; unheloved. 

AIMEE [e-md] p. n. Amy. 

AIMEl!, V. a. 1. to love (y;'\i\\ ardor, 
affection); to he fijnd of; 2. (<?. to; que 
[sulij ]) to like ; to be partial to ; to 
have a partiality for ; If to be fond of; 
3. (d) to like (. .) ; to delight {in) ; to bo 
fona {of) ; jpjjT- to be in love {wiVi). 

1. Dieu, S'is pere et ui^re, ses enfants, son 
proi'lmiH, fia patrie, to love Gotl, v.'t father and 
miAhtr, (.,' c/iil hen, o.'a neighbor, o.V country, 
t. tiiiit If iiiKlicle, (o like ever) boilij ; le fnift, 
(.. Iike/rui7. yaioie qu'il f^ss.; ccia, / likt- him to 
Jo that. 3. a liie, U, like reading, to delight in 

Ne pas , 1. not to love ; not to he 
fond of ; 2. to dislike; not to like; not 
to be partial to ; micux, to prefer ; to 
give the preference to ; to like better 
(to) ; to choose rather (to) ; had, would 
rat/ier ; passionncinent, to he passion- 
ately fond of; tendrement, to love 
dearly, tenderly ; a la folie, 6per- 
duinent, to love to distraction ; h Tido- 
latrie, to idolise ; sa personne, to love 
o.'s dear self. Faire , 1. to endear ; 
to make (a. o.) beloved; 2. to make 
(a. o., a. til.) liked. J'aiineraisniieux, / 
had rather; I would rather; qui 
n"aime pas, 1. unloving ; 2. that dis- 
likes. Qui n'est pas aiin6, 1. unloved ; 
2. disliked ; indigne d'etre aim6, un- 
lovely. Qui aime bien cliAtie bien, Its 
chasteneth that loveth well ; ^ spare 
the rod and spoil t/ie child ; qui m'aimc, 
aime mon chien, love me, love my dog. 

Ai.ME, E, pa. p. V. senses of Almer. 

Bien , 1. loved; beloved; well-he- 
loved; dear, dearly loved; 2. (subst) 
love ; true love. 

Snu. Aimer, CHKRIR. Aimer Tneam tolnve; 
chL-ir signifies not only to luve^ but to manifegt 
ilial love by tenderness and attentions. We aimont 
in general all that pleases us; but we ehirias'ms 
only persons, or what forms a part of ourselves, as 
our ideas or our prejudices. An infant is oflcn 
cAiri by those wlio caonot ainier its father or 

St/n. AlMEB MIEL'X, AIMER PLUS. Both of 

these expressions indicate i)reference, but the first 
does not imply that there is any attachment to 
either of the two objects compared, while the sec- 
ond does imply such attachment. An u^)right 
l-eisin aimerail mieux (would rather) b dishon- 
.^<red by the foulest calumnies, than dishonor him- 
s 'If by the slightest wrong to another, because he 
ai'iie p'na (/fvea) justice (wore) than ills standing 
i 1 th^ eyi-s of the world. 

S'aimer, pr. V. 1. to love o.'s self; to 
he fond of o.'s self; 2. to love each other, 
one another ; 8. to like o.'s self; 4. to 
like each other, one anotfier ; 5. + (a) 
to delight {in) ; to take pleasure {in) ; 
to like (...) 

AIMEZ-MOI [i-m(5-moa] n. f. (bot) 
marsh scorpion-grass. 

A INK [i-n] n. f groin. 

AtN6, E [S-n] adj. 1. elder ; eldest; 
2. senior ; 8. (com., scliool) senior; S^. 

AtN6, n. m. E, n. f. elder ; senior. 
AtNESSE [-nJ-s] n.f. t primogeniture. 

Droit d" , birth-right ; primogeni- 

AINSI [in-si] adv. \. so, thus; * even 
so ; ^ in this, that manner, way ; 2. so. 

Conime ... ainsi ..., a ... so ; ct du 
reste, et de suite, et des autres Glio- 
ses, and so on, forth; il en est , ^ 
c"est , so it is : s"il en est , ^ si c'est 
, if so ; ^ if it is, he so ; 11 n'en est pas 
, *f ce n'est pas , not so ; it is not so ; 
soit-il 1 so he it I pour dire, as it 

AINSI, conj. o; thus; therefore. 

que, X. as ; so as; * even as; in 
the same manner as; 2. as well as; 
and . . . likewise, too ; ^ along with. . . . 

AIR [er] n. m. 1. 1| air; 2. air; look; 
appearance ; mien ,' >* manner ; 
way , 4 life ;fashio^ , 5. air ; tune ; 

6. (chem.) air ; 7. (man.) air; 8. (inus.) 
air ; 9. (paint, sculp.) air. 

abattu, downcast air, look; clia- 
srin, sour =, look ; eveille, sharp 
look ; farouche, forbidding =, l>ok; 
infect malfaisant malaria; ilbii*, 
open^=; raplde, (mus ) flouri-Ji; 
renferme, confined =; ; vicie, \ fb-ul 
= : 2. choke-damp; h boire, drivJc- 
i7ig =i; de gaiete, cluerful coun'^ 
nance ; , aire de vent (nav ) poihi oj 
tlis compass ; point. Boitc i , (tco.l:.) 
= -hox ; capacito do T , (mach.) = 
-space ; chateau en 1' , castle in tlie =; ; 
r= -castle; cote de 1' , (mill.) weat/ter; 
coup d" , cold (in the head or chest) , 
courant d' , draught; draught ofr:^\ 
e^xposition i\ V , 1. (action) airiness, 3. 
(state) airing; impermeabilit6 h. 1' , 
(nat pUil) state of being air-tight ; pro- 
menade pour prendre r , airing; mo- 
yenne region do I' , mid-=:, leva 
dans r , airy ; inthe = ; impermeable 
a r , (phys.) = - tight. Dans 1' , in the 
= ; dans les s, ** in the =: ori high; 
de bon , 1. genteel ; graceful ; 2. gen- 
teelly ; gracefuUy ; des s, airy ; of the 
= ; en V , 1. 1 airy ; \ in tlie^\ 1.1* 
on high; 8. 1^ (tii.) idle; empty; 4 

I tajgr- harum scarum ; 5. (pers.) in a 

I flutter ; en plcin , 1. in the open = ; 

j 2. out of door, doors ; wit/tout doors ; 

[ 3. unltoused; entre deux s, in a 

j draught; sans , without =; * airlers. 

I Avoir r , 1. (b. s.) to glare ; 2. to make ; 

! fiTolr r ...,to make a ... appearamx ; 
to look . . . ; avoir 1' de, to look like ; 
avoir T malade, to look ill ; avoir 1' 
bien portant to look we'l ; Avoir un , ^ 
to make a... appearance ; to looA. . . . ; 
changer d' , to hate a change of=r.- 
dooner do 1' h, renouvclcr T di^is, L 
to air; to let f!ie-=-in; 2. to ventiZate; 
se donner des s, to give <?.' self=:: t: 
^ to shoic =; ^^ to show o.'s sdftffi 
se donner un de, to give o.'s selfa:''==: 
of; exposcr i Taction de 1" , (a. & iiu) /'/ 
weather; fendre les s, ** to phiyqS 
the = ; jouer un rapide, (mus.) to ji'i?.r 
up a flourish; lancer en 1' , (ofhocin; 
cattle) to toss; mettre q. ch. k \' , tojrjt 
a. th. in th6 = ; to air; ouvert h 1'., 
airy ; eseposed to the z^; perdu dans loii 
s, airy ; lost in the = ; parler en T , 
to talk idly; prendre des s, to give 
o.'s self =^; *[ tosiiow=^s; prendre 1' , 
to take the =, an airing ; faire prendre 
r (a), to give an airing {to) ; prendre 
un (de), to give o.'s self an = {of); 
prendre un de feu, to warm o.'s self 
at the fire. Par lequel 1' sort, (mining) 
(of a pit) upcast. 

AIRAIN [4-rin] n. m. 1. [ brass; 2. 
brass (boldness) ; bronze. 

Age, siiicle d' , brazen age; front 
d' , brazen face ; qiialit6 propre a 1 , 
ressemblanco h Y , orassiners. A front 
d' , hrass-visaged ; brazen-b/ oiced ; ^ 
brazen-faced; aux pieds d' , brazen- 
.footed ; A' , 1. 1 brassy ; brazen ; 2. 
of steel (hard). Avoir un front d' , to 
have assurance, -7- brass; avoir un 
coeur d' , to be hard-hearted ; durcif 
comma Y , to bronze ; montrer rm froat 
d' , to brazen ; rendre dur comme 1' , 
to braze; travailler en , to work in 

AIRE [4-r] EL f. 1. area (space) ; 2. (cf 
barn ) floor ; Uirashing-fljor ; 3. (ol 
birds of prey) aerie ; eyry ; 4 (bnlld^ 
platform ; 5. (gcom.) area ; space; G 
(tech.) area. 

de inurs, walled area ; do pj.ii- 
cher, (mas.) pugging. 

AIRliE [h-rt\ n. f. barn-floor fuU. 

AIRELLE [J-rJ-l] n. f (bot)l. (tfcrjim 
whortle-herry ; 2. bilberry; 8. 101/ 

mjTtille, des bols, bilberry. 
AIRER [6.r] V. a. (of birds of prey) 

to build an, its aerie, eyry. 

AIS [Js] n. m. 1. plank; board; 2. 
(print.) wetting-board. 

de bateau, ship-plank ; de bou- 
clicr, butcher's block. 

AIS [6] (termination of adjectives prin- 
cipally formed by names of nations) ish. 
AIS (termination of tho first and aer 





a mul : & male ; e fee ; e feve ; e ftte ; ^ je ; i il ; I We: o inol ; 6 mole ; 6 mon ; sue ; <1 sdre ; ow jour ; 

wnd persons singular of tlie iinj^rfect 
Sense ol the indicative niooil of verbs). 

AI3ANCE [] n. 1. ease ; facil- 
ity ; 2. ease ; freedom ; 3. ease ; com- 
fort; competency; 4. s, (pL) uater- 
elosei; necessary ; privy. 

Ilonneto , competency. Cabinet 
d' , lieuT d' , icater-closet ; neces- 
*i^y ; pixvy ; fosse d' , cesspool. 
i Vbc , 1. (pers.) u-ith ease ; 2. (th.) 
(SOTifortahly ; dans 1' , at o.'s ease ; in 
'1 state of competency ; in easy cir- 
CflAmstanc^ ; ^ well off; sans , 1. nn- 
conyvrluhle ; 2. unco^nfortahly Avoir 
do r , etre dans 1" , to have a compe- 
tency ; to he at o.'s ease ; to be in easy 
oirciimstances ; ^ to be uell off. 

AISE [i-r\ adj. {que [subj.], de) glad 
{of, to) ; pleased {at, to) ; happy (to). 

.1 'iMi suis bleu , / am rerit glad of it, I am much 
pleased al it ; je biiis fort de rftpprelidre, 1 am 
fery ^Ind, happy iu hear it ; je suis bien que ce 
oit ainsi, / am very glad, liapi)y it is ao. 

Bien, fort, tr6s , very glad, happy ; 

much, very much pleased. 

Syrt. AisK, content, uavi. Success, though it 
niay concern us only indirectly, wakes r.a bien 
tiset ; the accomplislilnelit of our detires, so far aa 
Ihey concern us persjnally, renders us contents ; a 
ttrong impression of pleasure makes us ravis. 

AISE, n. f. 1. gladness ; joy ; gratifi- 
cation; j)leastire; 2. ease; conveni- 
ence ; s, (pi.) comforts. 

A 1' , 1. at ease ; 2. comfortable ; at 
o.'e = ; 3. easily ; a son , 1. at = ; 2. 
in easy circumstances; ^ tcell off; 
'^^ beforehand witli the world'; 8. 
comfortable ; 4. comfortably ; 5. unem- 
barrassed ; uial a son , uneasy ; un- 
comfortable. Aimer ses s, to like to 
indulge o.'s self ; niottre a 1', 1. to put, 
Jo set at = ; 2. to make a. o. easy ; 8. to 
get up ; se incttro a son , to take o.'s 
= ; se metlre bca\icoiip trop a son , to 
Make much too free ; to take too great 
liberties ; ^ to make o.'s self too much 
lit hop-^; en prendre h son , to take it 
fU o.'e =i ; en prendre bien a. son , to 
take it mucJi at o.'s; se sentir nial a 
i^a , no pas se sentir a I" , to feel un- 
:omfortable ; etre ravi d" , to be over- 
j.>yed; tressaillir d' , to leap for joy. 

AISE, E [^-ze] adj. 1. {d, to ; inipers. 
dc, to) easy; 2. easy ; convenient ; com- 
vtodious ; 3. (pcrsj at o.'s ease ; in earn/ 
circumstances ; '( icell off. 

1. C'tst a dire, it i easy to say ; il est de 
dire cela, il it easy to say thai. 2. Avoir les mani- 
^es s, to hive easy manners. 

Sm.Aiisi, FACILE. Both these words mean 
without difllculty ; \mifaci/e properlv excludes the 
difflculty which proceeds from obstacles and oppo- 
sition ; ai', that which springs from the nature of 
the Hiing itself. Thus we say the entrance is 
foei/f, when ihere is notbuig to obstruct it ; that it 
w aise, when it is large and convenient to pass 

AIS^MENT [] adv. 1. easily ; 
8. easily ; conveniently ; commodi- 

AisSELIER [*-s6-lin n. m. (carp.) 

AISSELLE [i-i-l] n. f. 1. arm-pit; 2. 
(mat.) axil; axilla; 3. {hot) axil ; ax- 

Creu.v <le 1' , arm-pit. 

AISSIEU, n. m. t y. EssiKtr. 

AIT [il (termination of the tliird per- 
son singular of tlic imperfect tense of the 
Indicative mood of verbs). 

AITIOLOGIE,K. trioj^ooTK. 

AJ(;NC [a-jon] n. m. (bot.) 1. (genns) 
furze; 2. furze; whin; 3. prickly 
l) iiom. 

d'Eiirope, /r2 ; uliin. Convert 

AJOUUNEMENT [a-jonr-n-mSn] n. m. 
I. (a., to) adjournment; 2. postpone- 
%,<.nt; 3. (law) summons. 

indefini, adjournment sine die ; 
iT'in Jugenient criminel, (civ. law) am- 

' AJOUUNEn [-jour-n] V. ft. (A, to) 1. 
tii adjourn ; 2. to postpone ; to defer ; 
to put off; 3. (law) to summon. 

indeflnlment, to adjourn sine die. 
B'AJOUKNien, pr. v. 1. to adjourn; 2. 

'o he pi^-iiponefl, deferred, put of. 

AJODTAGE U joo t:.-j] n. m. (a. & m.) 
t/iece OiUe/l ori, 

AJOUTER [a-jou-KSl v. a. 1. (a, to) to 
add ; 2. (A, ..))to emueUish (add to) ; 3. 
(fale.) to imp. 

au conte, h. la lettre, to embellish a 
story ; -r-to stretch ; a la fin. (gram.) 
to suffix; foi a, to give credit to ; to 
believe. En ajoutant, in addition to. 
Sans rien , 1. without adding a. th. ; 
2. ^ withmtt more speech, ado. Qui 
ajoute, additory. 

AJOUTOIR, n. m. V. Ajutage. 

AJUSTAGE [a-ju.-ta-j] n. m. 1. ad- 
justing; 2. {tech.) fitting ; 8. (tech.) 
mill-tc right's work. 

Atelier d' , mill-Wright's shop. 

AJUSTEMENT [n-jus-te-man] n. m. 1. 
1 adjustment ; 2. | sising ; 3. tally- 
ing ; 4. I fitting ; 5. arrangement ; fit- 
ting ; doing up; 6. I apparel; atClre; 
toilette; dress; 7. [ ornamental part 
qf dress; 8. % agreement; 9. adjust- 
ment, settlement (of a difTerence); 10. 
reconciliation ; 11. (civ. law) transac- 

AJUSTE, AJUST, AJUS [.> ju-st, just, 
ju] n. m. {na.v.)f(ist 

AJUSTER, V. a. 1. 1 (A, to) to adjust; 
2. I|_ to size ; 3. I (a, tnth) to tally ; 4. 
I (a, to) toft; to adaj)t; 5. II to aim (a 
gun) ; 6. I to aim at (a. o., a. th.) ; to take 
aim at ; 7. 1 to arrange ; to do, to fit up ; 
8. I to dress (a. o.) ; 9. \ (b. s.) to trick 
off, ovt, up ; to trim 7tp ; 10. to make 
(a. th.) agree; 11. to adjust, to settle 
(a difference) ; 12. to reconcile (a. o.) ; 
13. (build.) to trim in, up ; 14. (carp.) (by 
planing) to shoot ; 15. (tech.) to fit 

4, une piece au theatre, (. ndaj^t a p'ay to the 
st-affe. 7. une nia's'n, (// fit up a /iwwaf. 10. 
des passages d'un livre, to make passa^ts of a bi>ok 

bien q. u., conime il fant, to set a. 
o. to rights. Pcrsonue qui ajuste, 1. ad- 
juster ; 2. trimmer. 

Ajustk, E, pa, p. K senses of AjirsTEK, 

Non , ( V. senses of Ajuster) 1. un- 
adjusted ; 2. untrimmed.^ 

S'ajuster, pr. V 1. I (a, to) to he ad- 
justed ; 2. 1 (a, with) to tally ; 3. || (a, 
to) to fit ; 4. II to prepare ; to get ready ; 
5. II (pers.) to dress ; 6. 1 (b. .s.) to tick 
o.'s self off, out, up; J. (a, with) to 
suit; to agree; 8. (a, to) to reconcile 
o.'s self; to be reconciled ; 9. (tech.) (a, 
into) to fit. 

AJUSTEUR [a-jn.-tenr] n. m. 1. (mint) 
adjuster ; 2. {tech.)fitter ; 3. (tech.) milC 

AJUTAGE, AJUTOIR [a-jn-ut-j, t<r] 
n. m. (hydraul.) adjutage ; spout (of a 

ALABASTRITE [a-la-bas-tri-t] n. 
(niin.) alahastrites ; alabaster-stone. 

ALAIN [a-lTn] p. n. m. All/n. 

-iLALIE [a-la-ii] n. (med.) inability 
to speak. 

ALAMBIC [a-lan-bik] n. m. (chem.) 
alembic ; still. 

Passer par 1' , 1. || to pass through 
the = ; 2. to sift thoroughly. 

ALAMBIQUife, E [a-lan-bi-kf] adj. 
strained ; wire-dratcn; fine-spun ; far- 

ALAMBIQUER [a-ian-bi-k<'] v. a. 1. 
to puzzle (the brain, the mind); 2. to 
strain ; to vdre-draw. 

S' Tesniit, la ttte, to puzzle o.'s brain. 

ALARGUER [a-iar-gh] V. n. t (nav.) 
to fall of: to sheer off. 

ALARMANT, E [a-larmar., t] a.lj. 

(rouit, to , de, to) alarming. 

D'une nianii^ro e, alai'mingly. 

ALARME [a-lar-in] n. 1. alarm; 2. 
uneasiness ; 3. (mil.) alarm. 

Chaude , great alarm ; fausse , 
(mil.) false =. C'-loche d , = -bell. 
Dans r , in a state qf=. Donner des 
s fk, to give uneasiness to ; to make 
tmeasy ; porter V dans, to alarm ; re- 
venir de ses s, to recover from o.'s = 
sonner 1' , to sound an =.' 


Alarmt is produced by what one bears; afpr'htfu 
sion, by what one expi^cts ; *'ffr'n. by w hat one >*>% ; 
terreur, by what one iniapnes ; ^p'fttvante, by what 
one presumes ; crainte, by what one knows -.frayur, 
by what takes one by surprise ; and peur, by the 
opinion that one entertains. The siutden appear- 
anc ^tbe eimy occMiou a!amu : tha Stjuality 

of the armies gives rise to apprehensu'n ; the dgH 
of the .-iiitlict causes effroi ; the lost jf ll.e battit 
exciti s terrenr i the const'Quences spici.d ip<M9a%tl 
am. ng the people and in tlie provitc^t ; very on*- 
craint for himself ; the appearance of a Eciiliercaajec 
fraycur ; one has peur ol his own shadow. 

ALARMER [a-iar-m] V. X to alarm. 

Sans etre alarmo, " without t^i.g 
alarmed ; * unalaifred. 

S"\ier, pr. V. to alarm o.'* (/Jtf ', 
to be alarmed. 

ALARMISTE [a-lar-mi-t] n. m. cmX!^ 

ALATESNE [o-l-tir-n] n. m. fh^l] 

ALBANAIS, E [al-banj, i] aiy. and jx 
n. ni. Albanian. 

ALB AN IE (L") flal-ba-ni] p. n. (get-g.) 

ALBATRE [nl-ba-tr] n. m. 1. (min.) 
alabaster ; 2. alnhaeter; unoviy white- 
ness ; whiteness. 

Faux ,{n\m.) ulahaster-etone. D' ^ 
1. 1 of alabaster ; alnbnster ; 2. ofaict- 
busier; snowy-iihite ; snowy. 

ALBATROS [ai-ba-tros] a n.. (oru.) 

ALBERGE (al-bir-j] n. {hot) albcrg^ 
(small early peach). 

ALBERGlER [al-b6r-jl] n. m. (bot) 

ALBINOS [ai-bi-nos] n. m. albino. 

ALBION Lul-bui" -. * AlbU/)i 

La nouvelle , New =^. 

ALBRAN, r. IIalbran. 

ALBUGINfi, E [ai-bu-ji-n6] adj. (anat 

ALBUGINEU-X, SE [al bo-ji-neu.tnt^ 

ad), (anat) albugineous. 

ALBUGO [ai-bu-g6] n. {med.) alltcf- 

ALBUM [ai-bcn-.] n. m. 1. albvtn ; a 
scrap-book ; sketeliAiook. 

ALBUMINE [ai-bn-mi-n] n. t aUnr- 
m,en ; ^ white (ol an egg). 

ALBUM INEU-X, SE [al bi-nii :iii, <d V 
adj. albuminous. 

Cordon , treadle, (of au ega). 

ALCADE [al-ka-d] n lu. aloi-ito, ai' 
caid (of Spain). 

ALCAIDE [ni-ka-i-d] a m. alcada, at 
caid (of Mororco). 

ALCAlQUK [al-kai-k] adj. (Or. -u^' 
Lat vers.) ulcaic. 

ALCAIQUE, n. m. (Gr. and Lat veru; 

ALCALESCENCE [Hl-kB-li.-sin-3] z. t 
(chem.) idkalescency. 

ALCALESCENT, E [ al-ka-Us-jan, . | 
adj. (chem.) alkalescent 

ALGALI [nl-ka-li] n. m. {chem.) alkal 

ALCALIFIABLE [al-ka-li-fi-a-bl] a^j. 
(clicin.) alkalifialle. 

ALCALIMETRE [nl-ka-ii-mi-tr] n. m. 
(chom.) dlkalimeter. 

ALCALIN, E [al-ka-lin, i-n] adj. (chem.) 

Substance e, (chem.J alkaline. Ren 
dre , (chem.) to alkali fy. 

ALCALISATION [ai-kn-li-za-sion] n. t 
(chem.) (dkalization. 

ALGALISER [iU-ku-ii-z(S] v. a (chem.) 
to alkalize. 

S'alcai.iser. pr. v. (chem.) to alkalize. 

ALCANTARA [al-kan-ts-ra] p. XL m. 

Alcantara (Si>anisl) military order). 

ALCARAZAS [al-kn-ra-zas] n. m. l.oi. 
c(trraza ; porous earth; 2. alcarrazo ; 

ALCftE [al-si] n. (bot) holly-hock. 

rose, = ; a feuilles de Dgnit,T,^7 
leaved =. 

ALCl^^E [al-af] p. n. m. (clcss) JJtJ!*^ 



[ui-s4s-tl p. n. (myth.) A'^ 

ALCIIIMIE [al shi-mil D. alchcrr.t/. 

ALCIIIMILLK [al-sl .ni i*] n. t fWi. 
(genus) lady's mantle. 

commune, -= ; des t banijie, pin- 

ALCIIIMIQUE [al-sU ini.k] t ij. aWM 
mic ; alc/iemictil. 

Par tin procedo , by am := prooeoii 

ALCjIIMISTE [niAi-mit] n. m a'> 

D' . althemistic ; alchemistlcat 

AL0IBIADE8 [al-ii oi-a, 41 ;). a lu 
(cla-w.) Alcibiades 




ou jo&te; eu\en; e& jeiine; efi peur; dnpan; i.'in; dn bor. ; i<n brun; *11 Hq. ; *gn liq. 

ALCIDE [ul-si-J] p. n. ni. (myth.) Al- 
pt</.! (an apiiellation of Hercules). 

ALCMENE [alk-nien] p. n. f. (myth.) 

ALCiMilON [alk-mi on] p. n. m. (class.) 
A h-miron. 

Al.COOL [ni-ko-ol] n. m. (chem.) alco- 

iLCOOLIQUE [al-ko-o-li-k] adj. 
fch-jir.) (llcohr.iic. 

A rX'OOLlS 4.TI0N [al-ko-o-li-za-.i6n] n. 
C (ooein.) (tlcohoUsution. 

ALOOOLISEK [al-ko-o-li-2] v. a. 
(Dhtiii.) to alcoholize. 

A I.COOLOMfeTKE [al-ko-o-lo-m4-tr], 

ALCOOMETKE [al-ko-o-mj-tr] n. m. 
^hys.) alco/wmeier. 

ALUOKAN [al-ko-ran] n. m. alkoran; 

ALCdVE [al-k6-v] n. f. (of a room) al- 
cove ; recesg. 

ALCVON [ai-sion] n. m. (orn.) hul- 

ALCYONIEN, NE [al-u-o-ni-In, i-n] 
(\j. lutlcyon ; ludcyotdan. 

ALD^liARAN [ul d-ba-ran] n. m. 
(sstr.) aldeharan. 

ALDEliMAN [al-dir-man] n. m. (ilder- 
- man. 

D' , (ildermanh/. 

AL:feATOIKE [a-i.a-toB-r] adj. {\a.v) 
'of contracts) contingent. 
A-LECTON [a-lck-ton] p. n. f. (myth.) 
Alecto (one of tlie Furies). 

ALECTOliOMANCIE [a-lik-to-ro-man- 
il n. C diviiuition by meann of a cock. 
' ALEGUE [a-ie-gr] T. Alleork. 

ALfiNE [-l*-n] a f. shoe-make r' awl; 

En , (did.) awl-shaped. 

ALftNIEli ri-'"^l n. in. mvl-maker. 

AlSnOIS |a-i-noa] adj. (of cresses) 
c<mwu)n garden. 

Cres.son , (bot) = cress. 

ALENTIR, v.a.iV. Ualentir. 
VLENTOUll [a-lan-tour] adv. around ; 
5 ubtmt. 

D' , = ; sti/rroitnding ; neighlonvg. 

ALENTOURS [a-lan-tour] n. III. (pi.) 1. 
i {iir*} around ; 2. ciivirotix, i>l. ; neigh- 
iffhool ; 3. (pers.) persons, people 
ahout. ar.jiind. 

Des s, around ; mrrotmding ; 
K, .t . -'J/oring. 

iiI-ia.l6-ou-ti-J-n] p. n. f. pi., tfie Aleutian 

ALEP [a I6p] p. n. m. (geog.) Aleppo. 

AL^PINE [n-l6-|>i n] n. f. bomhazine. 

ALltftlON [al-ri-dnl n. 111. (lier.) 
tpreatl eagle (witliout beak or feet). 

ALEETE [a-Ur-t] adj. 1. (a, in: a, to) 
alert (vigilant); 2. sharp; quick; 3. 
iprightly ; lively. 

! quick ! be on your gutird ! 

ALERTE [a-Ier-t] n. f. alert. 

En , on. upon ilbe =. 

ALl^.SAGE [a-l^-sa-j] n. m. (tecli.) \. 
boring: 2. drUlin^/. 

ALESER [a-16-z] V. a. (tech.) 1. (hori- 
lontallv) to bore ; 2. (vertically) to drill. 

Machine 4 , 1. boring-machine ; 2. 
drilliii g-machine. 

AL^SOIR [a-i-zonr] n. m. (tech.) borer 

ALI^:SURK [-lJu r] n. f. borings. 

ALEVIN [a-l-vin] n. vi./ry (flsli). 

ALEVINAGE [a-1-vUn..j] n. m. small 


ALEV^INER [al-vin] V. a. to stock 

ALEXANDRE [a-Uk-jar .ir] p. n. m. 
I. Ale3ra?id<.r; 2. (class.) Paris; 3. 
(class.) Alexander. 

ALEXANDRIE [] p. n. t 
i,ou;> Alerandria. 

A r.EXANDRIEN, NE ['.ri-in, 

I'l eA\. Alexand riin (of Ale.xandria). 

rrers.) (dexandrinf. 

AI.EXANDRIN [a-lek-tfm-drin] n. m. 
(vers.) iiU-orandrino. 

ALEXIPJIAUMAQrE [a-lek-.i-far- 
iBa-k] adj. ([liKiru'.) < 

ArE.\Il'IIAU.\IAQUE,n. m.(pliarm.) 
'llea-ipha rm ic ; antidote. 

ALIXlPYKJ^rriQUE, fa-lik-ii-pi-r*- 
I kj adj. Hi. 1 u. m. (mcd.)/eori/uge. 

ALEZAN, E [a-l-zan, a-n] adj. (of 
Iiorses) chestnut. 

s.&UT(>, sorrel. Chevdt , chestnut- 
horse: conleur saure, sorrel. 

ALEZAN [a-l-xan] n. m. chestnut- 

ALfeZE [a-iJ!-z] n. (med.) sheet 
(folded square). 

ALFANGE [al-ffin-j] n. f. % phalanx, 
battalion (Tartar, Chinese). 

ILGALIE [ai-ga-ii] n. f. (surg.) cathe- 
te, . 

ALGANON [iil-ga-iion] n. m. chain 
(for gallev-slaves). 

ALGARADE [nl-pa-ra-d] n. f. 1. in- 
sidt; affront; 2. IW~ rating; - set- 
ting doicn; -T- blowing lip. 

Faire une^- a q. u., ^pw~ to rate a. 
o. ; to give a. o. a rating; -i-to bloto 
a. o. up. 

ALGATRANE [al-ga-tra-n] n. f. pitch 
(for calkiiic ves.sels). 

ALGEI5RE [ni-je-br] n. f. (niatb.) alge- 

clumentaire, numeral algebra ; 
specialc, litend,, specious t=. C'est de 
r pour lui. it ii U7iinteUigible to him ; 
^ it is Greek to him. 

ALGEI5RIQUE [ai-ji-bri-k] adj. alge- 
braic; idgebraical. 

adv. <dgebraii(dly. 

ALGfiBRISTE [ai-j^-bris-t] n. m. ulge- 

ALGER [ni-j^] p. n. in. (geog.) Algiers. 

ALG^RIE (L-) [lai-jd-ri] p. n. f. (geog.) 
Algeria. * 

ALGfiRIEN, NE [al-j-ri-in, 4-n] adj. 

ALGl^.RIEN, n. m. NE, n. f Alge- 

ALGFOE [al-ji-.l] adj. (med.) cold. 

Sentiment , (med.) a/gor. 

ALGOR [ai-Kor] n. m. (med.) algor. 

ALGORITIIME [ni-go-rit-m] n. m. 
(math.) idgonthm. 

ALGUAZIL [al-goaa-jii] n. m. algua- 

ALGITE (fli-g) n. f. (bot) 1. alga; 2. 
wrack; S. sea-wrack ; i. flag ; 5. s, 
seaicefi] -tribe : (dgre. 

marine, 5 wrack grass ; ^ sea 
wrack grass. Des 8, qui a rapport aux 
8, algous. 

ALIBI [a-li-bi] n. m., pi. , (law) 

Prouver V , son , to prove an =. 

ALIBILE [ai-i-bi-1] a<lj. (med.) alible; 
n utritive. 

ALIBORON [a-li -b>ron] n. m. (fable) 
1. grizzle : long-ears ; 2. ignoramus. 

Maitre , 1. =; 2. (pers.) long-ears; 

ALIBOUFIER [a-ii-bou-fic] n. m. (bot) 
(genus) storax. 

ALIl^.NABLE [a-U--na-bl] adj. (law) 

ALIl^NATAIRE [a-li-^-na-U-r] n m. 
(law) alienee. 

ALn^;NA-TEUR [ lU-na-lefir] n. m. 
TRICE [iri-e] n. f. (dienator. 

ALI1?;NATI0N [a-li--nH-.idi,] n. f. 1. 
I alienation (of property); 2. % <diena- 
ioi (of the lieart mind); estrangement 

mentale, d'esprit, 1. mentid. (die-na- 
tion ;^:^ of 7nind : insanity; lunacy; 
derangonent ; 2. (med.) vesania. Bu- 
reau de r des biens, (law) (dienation- 

ALI6n6, E [n-W-t-nf] Hdj. 1. 1! (of prop- 
erty) ^/Z'Vw/ic'i , 2. (of the affections, 
the mind) alienated : estranged : 8. 
(pers.) (of the mind) deranged (mad). 

Non , (law) untransferred. 6tat , 

ALI;6n:6, n. m. E, n. C lunatic; ma- 

Hospice poiir les s, maison d' s, lu- 
natic asylum ; ^ mail house. En , in- 
sanelii : like a lunatic. 

ALlilNER fa-ii-c-ii] v. a. 1. \to alien- 
ate (projierty): 2. to derange (tlie 
mind) ; 3. to alienate (the afl'cctions, 
the mind). 

Capacite d'etre alien6 1, (law) alien- 

S'ai.ieneu pr V to alienate '"Jbe 
atfections); to'estrange. 

ALlFfeRE [a-ii-ft-r] adj. aii_/hrove : 
bearing wingn. 

ALIGNEMENT [a ii-^-mai*] n, m. 1 
line (of a garden, road, street, wa-.i, etfl.); 
straight line; 2. (m\\.) dressing ; line; 
3. (print) ranging. 

! (mil.) (command.) diess ! a gat;- 
clie, a droite! (mil.) dress left, right I 
fttre d" , to be in a line : se jftter <\i 
deliors de 1' , to/all out of lin^ ; prendA! 
des ^s, to lay out. to trace by the Ur.e , 
prendre 1' de, to trace the line cf, 
rentr.T dans 1' , to fall into line. 

ALIGNER [H-li-gn6*] V. a. 1. J to la^ 
out, to trace in a line, straight Hne; 
2. to square; to put into precise or- 
der ; 3. (mil.) to dress ; 4. (print) to 

Aligne, e, pa. p. ( V. senses of Auoneb) 
in a line. 

S"ai.ioner, pr. V. ( F. senses of Ali- 
gnek) (inil.) to dress. 

ALIGNOIK [a-ii-gnor*] n. m. iron 
wedge (used in slaio cjuariies). 

ALIGOUFIER [n-ii-ou-fif] n. m. (bot) 

ALIMENl [.-. ii-nianj n. m. \. \ %food; 
aliment; nutrition; nutriment; 2. 
c^cd (food in the first stomacli of rumina 
ting animals); 8. %f''el: 4. (law) allow- 
ance; estovers, pi; 6. (iui!l.)/i^d. 

Consignation d' s, (law) making al- 
lo7cance. Sans , \. unthoict food ; 2. 
unfed, fttrc 1" de q. u. ^ to be a. o.'i 
food, aliment: ^ to be me<d and drink, 
to a. o. ; consigner des s (pour), (!uw; 
to make an (dlmcance (to). 

ALIMENTAIRE [ii-li-mftn-i^-r] adj. 1. 
alimentary ; feeding; 2. (med.) ali- 

Canal, tube , (pliysiol.) alimentary 
canid, duct; pension , (law) 1. maiii- 
tenance; 2. (to a wife) alimony ; provi- 
sion , (law) eMovers. pi. ; qua!it6 de < 
qui est , (dimentariness. 

ALIMENTATION [a-Ii-niAn-tf-uin] U 

f. 1. alimentation; feeding ; feed; S. 
(tech.) feeding ; feed. 

Apparcil d' , (toch.) I. fi-yler ; 8 
feeding-apparatus : rigo e d' , ( i.) 

1. feeder; 2. artijiciid feder ; tiy.r. 
d' , (tccli.") feed-pipe. 

ALIMENTER [M-M-mnn-io] f. a. \.\% 
to feed ; * to nurture ; 2. to sn.-itrUn ; 
to support; to keep alire; to nurse; 
8. I (of combustibles) to feed ; to fuel. 

Alimente, e, pa. p. V. senstis of Ali- 


Non , 1. I unfed; unnurtured ; 2. J 
unsustained ; unsttpported ; unsup- 

ALIMENTEU-X, SE [a-li-man-ta, ei-.] 

adj. (med.) alimenial; nutHMve. 

ALINi:A [aii-n^-dln. m., pi. ,Lpar. 
agraph ; 2. (print) break. 

Nonvel , (print) break. Coir>po86 
d" , paragraphic. Par ,paragraph- 
icaUy. tcrire, former des , to para- 
graph. Faire un , to begin a neit 

ALIQUANTE [-li-konin-t] .idj. (math.) 

ALIQUOTE [a-ii-ko-t] adj. (\n.\.h.)<di- 

Methodo des parties s, (aritli.) pra^ 

ALITI!;, E [a li-tf] adj. bed-ridden. 

ALITER [H-ii.t6] v. u. to confine i 
o.'s bed ; ^ to lay up. 

S" A I. ITER, pr. v. 1. to take to o.'s bed; 

2. to ke-ep o.'s Ited. 

Ne p;us s" , not to take ic o.''s bed; ^ 
to keen up. 

AL1TIIT?:F ra-li-i''] p n. f. AUthea. 

ALIZARI [a-iiin-ri] n m. maddor^ 
root: ti^ari. 

ALIZE [a-ii -i] n. f. (bot ) team-irv 

ALIZ6 [] adj. 

Vents 8, trade-un- u 

ALIZIER [h ii-zi6] h. m. (bot) boat/> 

blanc. t= ; white =. 

ALKALI, r. Ai.rAi.r. 

ALKI!:KEN0E [ai-ki^-krin.;] n. m. (b)*.l 
alkakenr/i. ir inter cherry. 

ALKEit.MiCS [ai.kJ."o*.'j n.m. (phaim. 





a m&l; d uiale; e fee; fove; e fttc; rfjo; i 11; ile; o inol; i mole; 6 u>ort; u sue; ii sCtre; om joxii , 

AiLAII [a-lA] n. m. Allah (tbe Miiho- 
u.otann' name for God). 

ALLAITKMENT fa-lJ-t-man] 11. 111. J 

'iwrUiig (iictii-n); suckling. 

Qui sert i\ V , nugescent. 

ALLAlTEli );-i6-i6] V. a. 1 to nurse; 
{(- stickle ; to give stick to 

AI.LANT, E [ii-ian, t] adj. active ; 
bi^i/ ; gtirring ; hustling. 

ALLANT [a lin] n. in. goer. 

s et vejiiin-R, 8 and comers. 

ALLANTOUDE [ai-iin-io-i-dl n. f. 
(aaat.) allantais. 

ALLECIIEMENT [n-le-.h-man] n. m. 
[i allurement ; enticement. 

ALLliCllEll [n-U-8h] V. a 1 i "^ 
lure; to entice. 

ALL6E [a-ii] n. f. 1. gaing ; 2. pas- 
K'ffe ; 3. (of gardens, parks, &c.) allei/ ; 
'calk ; path. 

coil verte, covered walk ; grove ; 
retiree, hy=z;-- sabK'o, gra veiled ualk ; 
~ de face, front allei/ ; s ot veiuu's, 
(l>l.) going'in and out; going to and 
fro. Aprcs bien des s et venues, after 
nivch running; after great trouble. 
Faire des s ct venues, to go in and 
out ; to go to and fro. 

ALLEGATION ^aI-l6-gS-.i6r.] n. 1. 
allegation ; 2. (juottng. 

erioiit'e. , misallegation; 
f-rro^ieous. false allegation. 

ALLEGE [a-l^.j] n. f. 1. (of windows) 
allaying ; 2. lighter (boat). 

Frais il' , (com.) lighterage. 

ALLftGEANGE [ni-l^-jin-B] n. 
^Engl. hist) allegiance. 

ALLftGEMENT[Ri-i-j-nian] n. m. 1. 
I lightening (of a burden); easing ; dis- 
burdening ; 2. relief (of a. o.) ; 3. 
lessening ; 4. alleviation ; 6. (tli.) 
flUeviative ; 6. % allai/ing ; allariment 

iVLLEGElt [ul-I6-j^] V. a. 1. ! to lighten 
(a. o. of a burden); to ease; to di.tljw- 
dsn ; 2. to relieve (a. o. of a. tli.) ; 3. 
to lessen (a. tli.) ; 4. to alleviate ; 5. to 
allot/ ; C. Cimv.) to buoy up (a cable); T. 
(nav.) to stick ottt (a rope). 

4. la tlnuleiir oil Itt clmj^rin, ^ynllevinte painor 
tcrruio. 5. ta il'iuleur, to iiUay pain. 

_Aii.iGE, E, pa. p. V. senses of Al- 


Kon , 1. U7i relieved ; 2. unaUevia- 
tt)d ; 3. ii.nallayed. 

ALIJ;GI1v [ai li-jir] V. a. (a. and m.) 
to reduce. 

ALLl^:GOinE [ai-ld-go-ri] n. alle- 

Auteiir iV s. allegorist Par , alle- 

eorically. Fiiire uiio , to make an al- 
^wy ; fain- des s, t/i allegorize. Qui 
utme Ics s. allegorizing ; qui fait des 
s. allegorizing. 

ALLEGOIUQUE [al-Ugo-rik] adj. cil- 
Itgoric ; allegorical. 

Quality de ce qui est , allegorical' 

ALLftOORIQUEMENT [al-I.go.ri-k. 
nan] adv. allegoricallt/, 

AI-Ll^:GOPaSEK IMt-so-u-u^ V. a. to 

ALL6G0KISEUR [al-l^-go-ri-zeur] n. 
in. (b. s.) allegorizer. 

ALLEGOIUSTE [al-l^-go-ri.-t] n. m. 

ALLEGUE [al-li-gr] adj. lively; 
yprightiy ; cheerful; merry; jolly; 
feKtive : jonfid. 

ALLftGItESSE [al-U-grJ-.] n. lire- 
Uness ; sprightlinegs ; cherrfubiess ; 
{/'acrlty; jollity ; festivity; gUe; mirt/i; 


Lea Mj t s, (Hoin. catli. rel.) t/ie seven 
ijys. iiil d' , Khont <?/= ; slwtit ; 
luz^.t. A vec , lire'y : nit/i sprightli- 
tens ; cheetfidly ; icith alacrity ; vdrVtr 
fitlhf : merrihi: joifulhi. 

At.T.l!:Gl!Et'rO [al-U grit-to] adv. 
( iilUgretto. 

AIJ.1^:GU0 [tl-ii-gro] adv. (iiius.) al- 

ALLftGUElJ [i 1* (ri.<] v. a. 1. 4. to 
lUege ; to Kl<ite ; to jilead ; to urge ; 2. 
to adduce : 3. to i/uote. 

Pou\ oir (''tro alloi^uo ( V. senses) L to 
V addiu-ihlf ; 2. to i.e f/leadable ; nc 
poQvoir &tMi , ( >'. senses) to It urtr 

ALL6LUIA [al-U-lu-ial n. m 1 + 
hallelujah ; 2. (bot) ^ little, wood sorrel. 

ALLEMAGNE [a-l-ma-gn*] p. n. 

La Mer d' , the German Ocean ; the 
North Sea. 

ALLEMAND, E [a-lman, d] adj. Ger- 
man (of modern Germany). 

ALLeMAND, n. m. E, n. 1. Ger- 
man (native of modern Germany); 2. 
German (langua,je). 

Bus , low = ; liaut , high =. Cher- 
clicr uiie querelle d , tojtick a quarrel 
about nothing. 

ALIEMANUEniE [a-I-man-dj-ri] n. 
(a. & II..) small forge. 

ALLEU [a-ld'i n. in. 1. \ going ; 2. % 
run (course of time) ; 8. (nav.) ouPward 
votjage ; voyage out. 

et retonr. (nav.) entire voyage; 

voyage out and in. Laisser , ( V. Luis- 

SEu) ; pis , ( V. Pis-ALLEK.) Au long . 

/?i t/i^ long run. Avoir 1' pour le ve- 
nir, to kise o.'s labor ; to have v.'s labor 
for o.^s jxiins. 

ALLEU. V. n. irreg. (in ' pres. Je vais ; 
TU VAS ; IL VA ; ILS voNT fut. Irai ; gubj. 
pres. Aii.LE) {DKfrom; A, to) 1. 1 | to 
go ; 2. II to go (to a ii.iw;*) ; to repair ; 
to proceed ; 3. || (i>iO to leare{...); to 
go away (front); to depart (from); 
4. II to move ; to be in motion ; 5. 1 J 
to go to the water-closet, necessary ; 

0. (. . ., to) (followed by an inlinitive) to 
be about ; to be going ; T. to go on ; to 
get on ; to proceed ; to advance ; 8. to 
go on ; to continue ; 9. to go ; to estteiui ; 
to reach ; 10. to lead ; to go ; 11. (a) 
to tend (to) ; to be ifor) ; 12. to be ; to 
turn out; 13. (a, to) to amount; ^ to 
come ; 14. (expletive) . . . ; 15. (of gar- 
ments) to Jit; to suit ; IC. (of garments, 
colors, &c.) to become; to be becoming 
to; 17. (of fire) to burn; to hum up; 
IS. (of time) to rwji o ," 19. (ua.w') to sail; 
20. (play) to play ; to stake. 

2. 11 s rail alle aujniird hui, he trfmld have 
gf ne to-<tai/. 3. A/lez en paix, depart iti peace. 6. 
11 va pnrler, he is goin": to speak. 1. Ce batiment 
est aite vite, thh building has gone on, proceeded 
fasl. 8. croissant, to go on increasing. 9. Ses 
cheveux voni jusqu'a terre, her hair reaches the 
qround. 10. Ce cliemin va a la viUe, this road 
leads to the town. 11. Ses vieux vont a la paix, his 
wishes tend to peace, are /w peace. I'J. Il en va 
d'liiie cliot;e conmie d'une autre, il is with one as 
wiih another. Cnnimeiit ra-t-il ce niatin ? hcn/j it 
he this niornint/f 13. Un m^nicire qui ra a . . , 
frnnrs, a lull that amoiuits to ... francs. 14. 
N 'a 'lez pas croire cela, do not liclieve that ; il xa ve- 
nir, he IS ctmting. 16. Le bleu ne lui va pas dt 
tout, /*' b ni4 at all becoming to her. 

, (from tlie capital into the country) 
to go down; , (ft-om the country to 
the capital) to = up. ja et la, 1. to = 
about; 2. to ramble; 3. to roam. 
cliez . . .,togoto. . .', to call on, upon...; 
douecmcnt, tout doucement, 1. I! to = 
softly; 2. to = .tloicly ; 3. (th.) to he 
middling ; enavant, 1. toz^foncard; 
2. to = 07i ; 3. to keep on ; bien en- 
semble, 1. II to = well together ; 2. to 
be a good match; grandement, to 
spend, to lay out o.'s money ; mal 
ensemble, 1. | <<> = together badly ; 2. 
to he a had match; partout, 1. to =. 
even/ivhere ; 2. to =: about ; toujours, 

1. II to = iilirays; 2. || to =^ still; 8. || to 
keep on ; to hold on ; *\ to keep up ; 4. 
\^h. s.) to blunder on ; 5. (b. s.) to rattle 
on (to s|)eak) ; de pair avec, to he equal 
with, to rank with ; en I'auire monde 
to die; par haul, to vomit; par 
(Itiatre cliemiiis, to use evasion, ^ to beat 
the btixh ; A mats et it cordos, to sail 
under bare poles; h tatcns, to = 
groping along ; A toutes jaiiibes, A 
toute bride, u bride abattuc, to = at full 
speed ; an pas, to tcalk ; ot venir, 
1. to= and come; 2. to =: there and 
back ; 8. to = in and out ; 4. to = to 
and fro ; faire et, vonir, 1. to make go 
and come ; 2. Ui move to and fro ; de 
cote et d'aiitre, 1. to = about; 2. 
to wriggle ; ne pas y de main 
niortf, -f- to = at it tooth and nail ; 
grand train, 1. I to drive aicay ; 2. to 
= on fast ; to run on ; son train, to 
keep on ; to = on ; A q. u. coiiime un 
pant, -f- to fit a. o. to a T; oii va tonte 
chose to =. tht 'vy (U'all things. Fair 

I , 1. J to make = ; 2. { to Jrive ; 3. ! '.c 

rul, to set in motion ; to set going ; 4 
to do tchat 0. likei wich a. o. ; to mak^ 
a lackey of a. o ; 6. (tech.) to work; 
laisser , 1. to let (a, tl;.) go ; 2. (nav.) :'c 
let = ; 3. (nav.) to lie, to rest upon c'e 
oars ; laisser tout sous soi, to do evaiy 
tiling under o-.ce; se laisser , 1. i,: ik 
careless ofc.'s personal aj>pearancc ; 
2. to he easi'yy influenced; 8. 'a) <<; dban- 
don o.'s Self (to) / to deliver o.'s ttif'up 
(to) ; to ]ire way (to) ; 4. (A) to inau'gt 
{in). kWiMt tl, (na\.) bound i to) ; alle/! 
va ! \. begone 1 he off ! 2. go 1 aliens ! 1. 
co'ae I 2. well ! 8. nonsense 1 allons 
ijn^ 1 1. come then ! 2. indeed I 8. non^ 
rfene .' aliens, allons ! come, come ! celu 
vous va, that just suits you ; cela v.n, cel 
Ira, that ivill do ; cela va-t-il ? icill that 
do t cela ne va pas, 1. that will not do , 
Uutt won't do ; 2. -r- it is no go ; com- 
ment cela va-t-il ? how goes it t how get 
you on t il va comme on le mene, 1. h^ 
is easily led ; 2. (b. s.) he is led by 
th* nose ; il y va de ...... . is, are at 

stake; oil allez-vous? oil va le navire? 
(nav.) where are you bound to t qui nc 
va jias, (of clothes) 1. that does not Jit ; 

2. unheconiing ; qui ne va pas bien, un- 
comely ; tout va a . . ., nothing comet 
amiss to (a. o.). 

[Aller is cojij. with Stre. V. Ex. 2.] 

Sen allek, pr. v. 1. | to go away ; ^ 
to 761 of; 1 to get away ; -f- to tculk cf; 
-r- to be off; -f- to take o.'s self off'; 2. | 
to ride ^'way, off; 8. 1 (th.) to work of; 

4. II to drop off; 5. || to evaporate ," 6. [ i 
to pop off'; 7. I to slip off; 8. ! (b. s.) to 
slink off'; 9. (b. s.) to sneak away, ojl ; 
10. to dtvindle away ; 11. (of liquids^) 
to run atcay ; 12. (of liquids) to rJMi 
over ; 13. (of boiling liquids) to boil ovor. 

bien vite, to hasten, to hurry away, 
off'; to make haste away. Faire eii m- 
ler, to send aivay. Alloz-vous-en ! n\ 
ten ! go along ! he off'! off! off'wiih %ot! 
fW~ go about your business ! ail> !u- 
nous-cn ! come dlono ! let us he j r,h..g i 
1 let us he goi7ig ! qui va 1^ 1 wh:> goa 

SULE, V. Alesf.k, alesoir, a i.esukb. 

ALLEU [a-ieu] n. m. (feud law) alio- 

Franc , 1. = : 1. freehold. 

ALLIACi;, E [al-li-a .4] a.\;.. (hot.) aU 

ALLIAGE [a-li-a-j] n. m. 1. (of metaisj 
alloyage (action); 2. (aritli.) alligation ; 

3. (chein.) ullotjage ; 4. (cliem.) alloy ; 

5. II (metal.) alloy ; 6. alloy. 

pour caractere d'imprimerie, tyj^e- 
metal. E^gle d' , (aritli.) alligation ; 
regie d' composee, inverse, (arith.) al- 
ligation alternate ; regie d' <lir(^"te, 
simple, (aritli.) alligation medial, bans 
, 11 unalloyed. 

ALLIAIRE [a-li.6-r] n. t (bot.) i/iVt- 
ria ; ^ hedgit garlic. 

ALLIANCE [a-li-in-s] n. 1. I aUi- 
ance ; 2. alliance ; math ; 3. wedding 
ring; 4. union; 5. (theol.) cov- 

peu convenable, 1 improper alli- 
ance ; 2. misalliance. de mariago^ 
icedding ring. Acte, traito d' , =; 
treaty of=. Par , 1. by alliance; 3. 
by alliance, marriage; s%iis s, uAO^ 
out =: ; uiwUied. Faire una , to make 
an = ; faire avec, 1. 1 to maki <i 
= (with) , 2. to un ite (...). 

Sy-n. Alliance, mclk, co>FAn4KJTios. ! 
lationship, friendship, and the prosiect ( f aid -n 
case ol'necessity, are Ilie usual paitivesfor "onnijLj 
a'f lances. A ligite is a union of plan, and junct'lo'J 
of force, fur the purjose of acting in lie olty. i>if 
or defensive against a coniinou enemy. CrnfiJiiyr 
tions are formed between b< dies, t. wns, eni.iii 
princes, or petty states, with the view of obtaining 
redress for some stipiMSfd wrong, cr .f defending* 
right agiimst usurpaliitn and oppresai^n. AllMnci 
is applied to both persc^ns and things, and always 
signifies an upright ai.d lionorable union ; ligne and 
co"pdiration are often employed in a bad 8er*\ 
and are used of persons only. 

ALLIl^;, E [a-Ii6] adj. 1. (pers.) aUUr. 
(by marriage or by treaty) ; 2. (pers.) re- 
latfd (by marriage) ; 8. (th.) akin. 

Mal , misallied ; noii . 1. 1 una!, 
lied; i.iunrelaUd; 8 i (th.) not rkir 



aUtjo^Ui; jcn; eiJ jeflno* aiipeur; J/tpan; In pin; fl.ibon; fin brun; U liq. 

*gn liq. 

/ill.Tlt, n. m. E, n. f. ally (by mar- 
(liige cr by trea'y) ; 2. rd-Jtion (by mar- 

ALLIER \a-\\f\ v.. m. partridge-nH. 

ALLIER [a-U.6] V. a. 1. || (pers.) to al- 
ly (by marriRgs or by treaty); 2. to 
\Aaich; 8. (tl-..) (a, avt-o, !i/?A) to blend; 
i.' <'.ombinc ; 4. i,th.) to unite; 5. to ^ 
k J (nicUls). 

fc jLLLir.B, pr. V. (a) 1. II to ally o.'s 
*V (^y marriage or U3aty) (to); to ?/ 
"Ityiid {to) ; 2. || to maich; -3. to ifejii-i 
('xii^i) ; to comhine {tcitfC) ; i. to unite 
hrith); to become akin {to); 5. 
(ATBC, ...) to &t7/ 6. (ol metals) to 

ALLIEZ [a-ii^] n. m. (bot) ^ tare. 

ALLIGATOR [al-li-ga-tor] n. m. ( 
alligator ; American crorotUle. 

ALLITERATION [al-li-U-ra sion] n. f. 
(rhet.) alliteration. 

ALLOBROGE ral-lo-bro-j] n. m. clotcn; 
boor ; ^ countri/ Oumpkiii. 

ALLOCATI()N [al-loka-eion] n. f. 1 

gru-nt; 2. allocation; aUowan' e. 

ALLOCUTION j;al.lo ku-sionj n. f. 1. 
(Eom. ant) allocution ; 2. add) *. 

ALLODIAL, E [al-Iodi-al] ailj. (feud, 
law) allodial. 

ALLODIALITfi [al-lo-di-a li-t] n. f. 
(fend, law) allodial tenure. 

ALLONGE [ai6n-j] n. f. 1. piece (to 
lengthen); 2. (ofatjible) leaf; 3. (com.) 
'of a bill) rider ; 4 {p&v .) fiittock. 
ALLONGl?:, E [a-Ion j] adj. 1. levgth- 
yned ; draicn ; 2. long ; S. (bot.) lenyth- 
etied; 4. (print.) (of letters) co??(/)resed; 
.O'ldenxed ; 5. (^cmw.) prolats. 

Non , (V. scnse.s) iindraicn. 

ALLONGEMENT [a-lon-j-mm.] n. m. 
\, lengthening ; 2. (did.) elongation. 

ALLONOER [a-ion-jf] v. a. L 1 to 
lr,gihen ; 2. || to extend ; to stretch out ; 
C. to wiro-dratv ; ^ to spin out; i 
(t'omx) to allonge (a tlirii.t). 

8"ALL0N{iKit, pr. V. 1. I to lengthen; 
'i. \iohe fvtendi'd. HtreU\ed out. 

ALT.OrATHIE [.i! lo-pa-ti] n. f. (med.) 

A LLOUCniER r.;ni-.hi#] n. s\. (bot.) 
team-tree: tchiU beam-tree. 

ALLOUER [a-iou-*] V. a to grant; to 
a' low. 

ALLUCIION [a-lo-.h6n] n. m. (tech.) 

A s, cogged. 

ALLUME, V. Bougie d'allumk. 

ALLUMER [] V. a. 1. I to light 
'.h.!t on Are); + to kindle; 2. to illuminate 
(a th.) ; to light up ; 3. to kindle ; to in- 
fliime ; to excite ; ^ to bloio up; 4. to 
eel (the blood) in a gloiB ; 5. to blow in 

I . le fen, to lijfht tke firt ; allumei la Inniim 
piiur qu'elle ^claire !a piice, liglit Iht lamp that it 
ai'iu hght the njimi. 2. un Kilon, tu illiuniiiute, tn 
lijht up o drawing-room. 

Chose qui alliime , inflam,er'{qf) ; 

r.Tsonne qui allume, 1. lighter (of) ; 2. 
fnflamer {of) ; kindler {of). 
Allcme, e^ pa. p. V. senses of Al- 


Non , 1. unlighted ; 2. unin^amed. 

s'AtLUMEK, pr. V. 1. I to light; 2. j 
(c tight up ; 3. I (of Are) to brighten up ; 
'm bum up; 4 to kindle; to be ex- 

ALLUMETTE [a-ln-mi-t] a t match 
t')r proctirinsr fire). 

&l!eiTi.<inde, cliimique, Lucifer, loco- 
tfco = ; Lucifer ; pliosplioriqne, phos- 
lj\<y>'us=^. Botte, paquet d' s, bundle 
>,>' =ze.i ; fabrlcaiit d' s, = -maker. 

ALLUMEUR [a-hi-mefir] n. m. 1. lighi- 
T ; 2. Icmp-lighter. 

ALLLMIERE [a-lu-mi4-r] n. t. 1 
maU'M oaa ; 2. matah-factiri/. 

ALH;rE [a hi-r] Lf. 1. f (pers.)(;a.- 
yitrrla.ji; 2. | (of animals) gait; .3. |1 (of 
t) ^vK)}lace ; 4. (pers.) manner : way; 
i S (th ) turn ; way. 

N'nvoir pas d' , d' flxe, (tn3!i.) lie 
Vjfiri r;o pars; doveloppor 1', to en 
'Ktrffe ; faire falr dca o, to put tkrimg\ 
V = ; tnoiiUti hoa 8. to ."h^no i. 

ALLUSION [al-tfi-iida] n. (a, to) 1. 
allti^tion ; 2. ^ hint. 

Indirecte, indirect allusion ; 2. 
hint; pen voilee, 1. bro(td ^=; 2 
broad hint. Par , allusively ; par 
h, in = to. Faire (;"i), I. to make an 
=x (to) ; to allude (to) ; 2. (tli.) to A^-re 
reference (to) ; 3. to hint (at) ; fairo une 
pou voilY-e, to </;'o/j, to (/tee a broad 
hint. Faisant , allusive. 

ALLUVIAL, E [al-lu-vi-al], 

ALLUVIEN, NE [al-lu-vi-in, J-n] adj. 
(gool.) allnriid. 

ALLUVION [alluvion] n. m. allavi- 
on; alluvium. 

Depot d' , uUu/trial lomn ; terrains 
d' , alluvia, pi. D" , alluvial. 

ALMAGESTK [ul-ma-jis-t] n. m. alma- 

ALMANACII [i-ma-na] n. m. 1. al- 
manac; calendar; 2. directory {hook 
of names and addresses). 

natitiqiio, ntitd'/'al almanac ; 
royal, royal calendar. du clerge, cier- 
ical directory ; du commerce, com- 
mercial directory ; de runiversitii. 
university calendar. Anteur d" s, = 
-writer; faiscnr d" s, ^=. -maker. 
Composer des s , to indulge in idle 
reveries ; etre an de Ian passe, to be 

ALOf:S [u-lo-6] n. m. 1. (bot.) aloes; 
2. (pharm.) aloes. 

Bois il' , aloes-irood. 

ALO^TIQUE [a-lo..ti-k] adj. aloetic; 
of aloes. 

Acide , (cliim.) aloetic acid ; medi- 
cament , (pliann.) aloetic. 

ALOGOTROPHIE [;.-io-go-tro-ft] n. (. 
(med.) alogotrophia ; irregular or dis- 
proportionate nutrition (of the parts 
of the body). 

ALOI [n-lon] n. m. \. (of gold and sil- 
ver) standard ; 2. % quality ; 3. Q>prs.) 

3. Uti b ninte le ba , a jtian of lo-r cnnditiujt 

ALOlQUE [a-Io i k] adj. aloetic. 

Acide , (chcm.) aloetic acid. 

A LONGER. V. Ai.lo.voer. 

ALOPI^:CIE [a-i.,-p-.i] n. (med.) alo- 
pecy/ ; t fox-evil ; scurf. 

AL0R9 [a-ior] adv. 1. then; at that 
time ; 2. hy th^ time (past). 

D' , of that time; of those times; 
jusqn' , tm, xmtil then. comme \ 
we shall see when Vis time comes. 

A LOSE [a-lii] n. (icli.) alose ; shad, 

ALOUETTE [a-loa-J-t] n. (oru.) 1. 
lark ; 2. sky -lark. 

commune, field lark; hnpp6e, 
crested, s/wre = ; des bois, wood- =: ; 

des champs, field-, sky- = ; liiln, 
wood- = ; de mer, dunlin ; sea- = ; 

des pres, titlark. Pied d' , (bot) 
='8 heel ; = -spur. Oiselenr pour les 
%,larker. L' gi-isolle, the^=.citroh<. 
8'6veiller, se lever an chant de 1" , to 
rise with the lark. ^^^ Si le ciel tombait, 
11 y aurait bion des prises, // tlis sky 
fills, ice shall catch larks. 

ALOURDIR [a-lour-dir] V. a. to make, 
to render heavy, dull ; to duU. 

S'alourdib, pr. v. ^ to get, to grozo 
heavy, dull. . 

ALOYAU [n-loa-ifi] n. m. sirloin; sir- 
loin of beef. 

ALOYER [a-ioa-i*] v. a. to alloy. 

ALPACA [al-pa-ka] n. HI. (mam.) al- 
paca ; pacos. 

ALPAGA [ai-pa-ga] n. m. 1. V. Alpa- 
ca ; 2. alpaca (woollen). 

ALPES (LES) [16-zaI-p] p. 1. pi. The 

ALPESTRE r>il-p4.-tr] adj. alpine. 

ALPHA ral-w] n. m. 1. alpha (of the 
Greek alphabet) ; 2. alplm (bcginnins). 

ALPHABET [a!-fft-b4] n. m. alphab'et 

N'etre encore qu"a 1' to be still upon 
the rudiments ; to be only a beginner; 
renvoj'er q. u. a 1' , to put a. o. beck to 
his =. 

ALPIIABJ<:TIQUE ral fab^Uk] adj. 
alphabetic ; alphabetical. 

Repertoire , (com.) alphabet; al- 
phabetical index. Par ordre , alpha- 
betically ; in alphabetical order. CTw- 
ser, ri)ujT par ordro , to alphabet. 

i I t ^ i Hir. Q . El^ KNT [ai-fu^b/ ti- 

k-man] adv. alphabetically ; in alpJ-a 
beUcal order. 

ALPII^E [al.f] pr. n. va Alpheue 

ALPIIONSE [ai-tooi] p. n. va. Al 

ALPHONSIN rnLfonjin] ri. ID. (suig.; 
alphonsin ;force'ph 'for oxtraclir.ibdfe) 

ALPIIOS, ALI'IIUS [ai-fo*, fill] n. m 
(med.) lepra alpltos. 

ALPIN, E [al-pin, i-c] adj. (soieuc<ii) 

ALPISTE [al-pi-t] n. m.(bot) canary 

ALSINE, n. V. Morgeline. 

ALTE, n. i. r. IIalte. 

ALTlllRABLE [al-t^-ra-b!] adj. (of met- 
als) alterable. 

ALTERANT, E [al-ii-rSn, t] a-lj. I. 
that excites thirst; 2. (med.) alteratlse- 

i)tre , ^ to make thirsty ; to exc'Uc^ 
produce thirst. 

ALTj5:RANT, n. m. (motl) a IteraUvc. 

ALT]?:RATI-F, VE [ai-t^-m-itf, i-v] adj. 

ALTJ!:RATI0N rl-t-ra-.ion] n. L 
B deterioration ; 2. 1 injuring ; hurt 
ing ; spoiling ; tainting; .3. || debase- 
ment; 4. impairing ; 5. (of coin) adul- 
teration ; a. lessening ; weakening ; 

7. alteration, change (from gocxl to ba<l), 

8. mis.'d<itii:>3 ; misrepresentatio7i ; 
0. (did.) alteration. 

Sans , 1. uninjured ; unhurt; 2 
untainted ; 3. undehased ; 4. uni-ni- 
paired ; 5. unadulterated ; C. not less- 
ened, weakened ; 7. unaltered, Causei 
de r (ians, V. Alterku. 

ALT:tRATION, x thirst; thirsti- 

ALTERCAS [al-tir-ka] n. m. t F. Ai 


ALTEi:CATION [al-ter-ka-.ion] n. I 


ALTjfeRER ra1-t-rd] V. a. 1. II to in- 
jure (a. th.) ; to hurt ; to mar ; tc 
spoil ; 2. I to taint; -3. 18 to debase; 4 
to impair ; 5. to adulterate ; 6 ft 
lessen ; to weaken ; 1. % to alter ((roni 
good to bad); S. to misstate; to dis- 
tort; to misrep^resent ; to wrest; 9. to 
distort (the features) ; 10. (did.) to tdicr. 

1. J lesang, <u injure, f-y hurt tht Ux>d; % 
9r>n re|K>3, to injure o.' rep'tae ; le caraelere,fo 
i\o\\ th> temper. 2. lu vlanfle, ^Maillt ///e(/^ 4. 

la sant^,les facult^s, to impair d.' hea th.Jaciil- 
ti-a. 6. une langue, to adulterate u tan^'ia-jt. 

6. I'amiti^, to lessen, to weaken friendah'p. 8. 

des fails, to niisstalc, /o distort, to uiiarepreseul 

Ai.TERE, E, pa. p. V. senses of Avtir 


Non , 1. i % uninjured ; iinspoiled; 
unm^rred ; 2. II untainted ; .3. || nnde- 
based ; 4 unimpaired ; 5. unadul- 
t^-ated ; 6. %not lessened, iceakened; 

7. unaltered ; 8. not misstated, mis- 
represented ; 9. (did.) unaltered. 

S"altei!er, pr. V. ( V. senses) 1. to bt 
injured ; to spoil , 2. II to taint ; 3. to 
lessen ; to weaken ; 4. to alter ; 5. fe 
become distorted, 

ALTfiRER, V. n. 1 to excite thirot; 
1 to make thirsty. 

Ar.Ti^:uE, e, pa. p. 1. [ thirsty ; ^ dry; 
2. (t>e,/o/') tidrsty. 

Etre de, to thirst for. 

ALTERNANOE [ai-tir-nnn-j] n. I 
(gcol.) alternation. 

ALTERNAT [ai-tir-n-i] n. m. alter- 

ALTERNATl-F, VE [al.iJr-n.^Uf, i-vl 
adj. 1. alternate ; alternative ; 1. (mooli.) 
(of motion) reciprocating. 

Empb'i , alternation. 

ALTERNATIVE [al-tjr-na-ti t] n. C 1 
alternative (option) ; 2. <dternitti<m ; 
succession; 8. interchange ; 4. (b. *.; 

Cruelle , cruel, dire alternative ; i 
cruel, dire dilemma, 

ALTERNATl VEMKNT [al-tJr ra-t,. 
man] adv. alternately; alternatively 
b>/ turns. 

"alt ERNE [al-iJr-n] adj. (bflt.) \ ,,. 
tern ate ; alternant; 2. (jgeoin.) '*/ 

ALTERNER [ol-Ur-ui] v. n. 1. tc ai 
tern ate; 2. to aucce^ (Kie another <ii 


AM A. 



ainal; dinale; efec; aieve* efete; #je;iil; Jile; omol; omole; (5mort; wsac; wsure; owjour; 

Fa're . <o alternate. 

ALTEKQUl'^R [a!-tir-ki] v. n. + to Jw- 
f>xUe ; to icrangfe. 

ALTESSE [al-ti.-.] n. f. highness (title). 

Sou , /ti ^= (i)rince), in. ; li^r =. 

ALTll'jilA [.i! Wa]n. in.(bot)jnnr8A- 

ALT-1 Eli, lt:RE [al-U-, J-r] adj. Zo/<y,- 
\a%\ghtxj ; proud. 

ALTlMCTllE [al-ti.m4-tr] n. m. 
t^com.) altimeter. 

ALTlMi;TlUE [l-U-m-tri] n. f.(geom.) 

ALTITUDE [al ti-tu-d] n. f. (sciences) 

ALTO [ai-t6] n. ni. (mus. inst) tenor 
ofolin,; tenor. 

ALUDE [a-iu-d] n. f. sheep' s-leather. 

ALUDEL [a-iu-dei] n. in. (cliem.) alu- 

ALUMELLE [a-lu-mJ-I] n. f. (nav.) 1. 
(of the ca!)Stan, windlass) hanaipike- 
hole; 2. (of tlie tiller-liole) 8/i'7</t/'ii/. 

ALUMINE [a-li.-nu-D] n. f. (ui:n.) alu- 
miii ; aliimiva. 

ALUMINJfc, E [a-lu-mi-nt adj. dum- 

Blanc d'oeuf , alum-curd. 

ALUMINEU-X, SE [a-lu-nii-nn, eu-ij 
adj. (oliein.) (ilumiiwus. 

Es.u aluinineiise, (ilumyicater. 

ALUMlNIEltE [a-lu-mi-ni-e-r] n. 
(sing.) (a. & in.) al'im-icorks. 

ALUN [a lull] n. in. alum. 

bnVlc, calcin \ burnt =. de 
^.lunie, plurju/se, plume = ; d3 roclie, 
roche, rock =. 

ALUNAGE, [a-la-D8-j] n. m. (dy.) aU 

ALUNATfON [] n. f. (cliiui.) 

ALUN J?;, E [a-lu-ns] adj. (chein.) al- 

o LI: NEK. V. a. (a. <fc m.) to alum. 

ALLNlEIiE [a-iu-ni-fe-r] n. f. alum^ 

ALVI^OLAlItE [al-v6-o-U-r] a<lj. (an- 
1 ! ) t'A'eoiitr. 

A[,VtoLE [hI-v.o-1] n. f. L (of bees) 
</(', 2. (of toctli) soc^-e< ; 3. 8,(]d.) 
(.iDi,; ) alveoli, 1)1. 

Al VIN, E [al-viii, ill] adj. (ined.) ^ 

ALVSSE [a-li.] n. f. {hat) madicort 

AMAJ1IL1T6 [a-ma-bili-U] n. f. \. 
loreline-w ; 2. tuniahility ; 3. kind- 

Dc'faul d' , I. un loveliness; 2. un- 
ajniahleness ; Z.imkindness. Avec , 
1. lorelili/; 2. amiably; 3. kindly ; 
"jis , 1. unlovely ; 2. unamiably ; 3. 

A>L\I)1S [a-nm-<iis] n. ni. sleeve (of a 

AMADOTE [a-ma-do-t] \. n. m. ama- 
dot pear-tree; 2. u. C amadot (species 
of near). 

AMADOU [ama-dou] n. m. 1. German 
tinder; pyrotcchnical sponge; black 
match; -spunk; 2. (a. & in.) anui- 
dou; anuidoio ; 8. (artil.) toucli-tcood ; 
t (bot) tonvh-icood. 

AMADOUER [ama-dou-t] v. 3. to 
coaot ; to whesdle. 

AMADOUViER [a-ma-dou-vit] n. in. 
(l)Ot.) toucli-wood. 

IU-l-l , =. 

AMAIGKIR [a-mi.p-ir] V. a. L to 
u ake lean, lank ; 2. (pers.) to make, to 
'( ndcr (a. o.) thin ; to redxice ; to bring 
Inti; . (arch.) totliin. 

S'amaickir, pr. v. 1. | to get, to groio 
'/ran, lank; 2. (pers.) to get, to grwc 
ti'iin; 5 to fall away; 8. (sculp.) to 


A.MAIOUIR, V. n. 1. to get, to grmo 
Uan, lank; 2. (pers.) to get, to grow 
'.l.ln ; to fall atcai/. 

A .\L\ IORISSESIENT rH-mft-grl-. man] 

'L III. I grt/in'ng thin ; /idling aicay ; 
unaciation ; 2. (did.) tahefaction. 
AM ALEC [i. ,.|;k] p. n. in. Anudek. 

AMAK A.SIATION U-nml (.'a-ma-liau] 

\ f (chein., ineti .) icmaJ-gamatioii. 

A.MALOAMK [a-nyil (cam] n. m. 1. 
ch. 111., iiiclal.) r.malgam ; 2. %amal- 
l.n .,i1 ,... 


AMALGAMER [a-mal-ga-nt] V. a. 1. 
(chem., metal.) to amalganuiie ; 2. to 

Personne qui anialgame t, amalga- 
mator (of). 

S'amaloamer, pr. v. 1. (chem., metal.) 
to amalgamate ; 2. (a, with) to amal- 

Qui peut 1 , am<ilgamable. 

AMAN [a-maii] p. n. ni. Ilaman. 

AMANDE [a-man-d] n. f \. almond; 
2. (of fruit) kernel ; 3. (bot) nucleus of 
tlie seed. 

aniere, bitter almonxl ; donee, 
sweet := ; pralin6e, il la praline, 
burnt =. de I'ainazone, Brazil-nut; 

a la dame, a la jirincesse, Jordan ^ ; 

pistache, pistacchio =. Lait d' , 
jnilk /=:. Fait d' s, L made of=^; 
2. amygdalate. 

A>LVND1<; [a-man-dt] n. m. amygdo/- 
late; *{ milk of' almonds. 

A.MANDIER [a-man-dii] n. m. (hot.) 

pi'chor, peach-almond. Fleur d' ; 

AMANT [a-man, i] n. m. E, n. f. L | 
torer, ^^r iLeet-lieart; 2. suitor; 
wooer, m. ; 3. lover ; votary ; A. (b. s.) 
lover ; paramour. 

3. de la liberty, Uver, votarj' of liberty. 

AMA PER [a-nia-p6] v. 8. (nav.) to lay 
hold 'f (in furling sails). 

A.MARANTE [a-ma-ran-t] adj. awio- 

AMARANTE, n. t 1. (bot.) ama- 
ranth; amaranthus ; ^ fiouer-gentle ; 
f velvet-floicer ; 2. amaranth (color). 

des jardiniers, ^ (bot) cock's-comb ; 

a queue, (bot) tailed amaranth; 
love-Ues-hleeding amaranth; queue 
de rcnard, floramour. D' , amaraiir- 

AMARINAGE [a-ma ri-im-j] n. m. 
(nav.) manning (a prize). 

AMARINER [a-ma-ri-nfe] v. a. (nav.) 
L to man (a prize); 2. to season; to in- 

AMARQUE [a-mar-k] n. (nav.) lead- 
ing-mark ; sea-mark. 

AMARRAGE [a-ma-ra-j] n. m. (nav.) 

1. mooring; la.shing ; seizing ; fasten- 
ing ; 2. g round-tackling. 

a plat, lashing of tlie shrouds and 
stays. Eigne, point d' , lasher ; lash- 
ing. Faire un , to seize. 

AMARRE [a-ma-r] n. \. (engin.) 
mooring ; 2. (naw) fast; seizing. 

de bout, (nav.) head-fast ; de 
poupe, d'arricre, (nav.) stern-fast ; 
de touee, (nav.) tmc-line ; de travers, 
(nav.) breast-fast Pieu, poteau d" , (en- 
gin.) mooring-post ; puits d' , (engin.) 
(of suspension-bridges) mooring-cham- 
ber ; shaft. 

AMARRfi, E [a-ma-r6] adj. (nav.) 

AMARRER, v. a. (nav.) 1. to make 
fast ; 2. to lash ; 8. to liold fast ; 4. to 
hitch; 5. to belay ; 6. to nip. 

A.MARYLLIS" [a-ma-ril-lis] n. (bot.) 
amari/llis; ^ daffodil lily. 

A.MAS [a-ma] n. in. 1. i heap; 2 ! 
hoaml ; 3. (of liquids) mass; 4. Iceap; 
7nass; lot; load; 5. (did.) congeries; 
6. (mining) pipe-vein ; mass. 

confiis, ( confused heap ; coucli6, 
horizontal, (mining) pipe ; entrelacu, 
(mining) stock -^cork ; telly. 

AMASSER [a-ma-6] V. a. 1. to heap; 
to heap up ; 2. to hoard ; to hoard up ; 
to amass ; to store up ; to treasure, to 
treasure up ; to lay in ; to lay up ; 8. 
to gatlier ; to gather up ; to make tip ; 
4. to cluster, 

- toujours, \. to hoard and hoard ; 

2. to grasp and grasp. Personne qui 
aiiia.sse, t. lieaper (pj") ; 2. hoarder (of) ; 
storer {of). 

A.MASSt^ K, pa. p. F. senses of Amas- 


Non , ( V. senses) 1. nnhoarded ; 2. 
untreasiired. de tons elites, (did.) 

S'amasskr, pr. V. 1. to hecp; 2. to 
hoard ; .3. to /<; a<)t,issed ; 4. 1 ; coUtxt; 
to gather togetlier ; 5. ([lers.) i ) cro^o.i ; 
C fc- 'Uuster; 7. ('x l) io brw 


CELER. Ama9er means U' (rather tucethcr a cer 
tain quantity of things of tlie same Kind ; tnta:> 
ter, to heaji them one upon anotliur in a larsi 
amcu ; aeeumuler, to he coiistaiitly eiitarj^iiL; Ihi- 
heap; while aJifittce.'er adds to all ttiis Ilie idea o. 
great quantity, diairder, and coufusion. Kiguirw 
lively, a provident spirit amosi^ ; avarice tiy 
tasse ; insatiable avidity aceamalt, and, after hi\-f- 
ing accumuU, amoneeU. 

AMATELOTAGE [a-c^-Uo-t^-j] ii. . 
(nav.) classing the men. 

AMATELOTER [a-na-t-lc l<] v. x 
(nav.) to class (the men). 

AMATEUR [a-ma-teur] n. m. L (iJt, 
of) lover; 2. amateur. 

AMATIR [a-nm-iir] V. a. (golds.) 'c 

AMAUROSE [-iD6-r6 .] n. (med.) 

AMAZIAS [a-ina-ii-i'is] p. n. m. Ama- 

AMAZONE [a-ma-zo-n] n. ). (hist) 
Amazon; 2. Ainazon (courageous wo- 
man); 3. riding-habit ; habit. 

Habit d" , riding-habit; habit. 
D' , 1. (hist) Amnzonian ; 2. %Amazo- 
nian. Le lieuve des s, the Amazon ; 
the Amazon River. Le pajs des a, 

AMAZONE (L") [la-ma-zo n] p. n. m 
Vie Amazon; the Antazon River. 

AMB ASS A DE [An.b..-.a-d] n. L em- 
bassy ; 2. embassy (message). 

Attach6 d" , attache ; gentleman 
attac/ied to an = ; seer taire d' , sec- 
retary to an =. En , on an =. 

AMBASSADEUR [*i-deur] n. m. 
J ambassador. 

extraordinaire, =^ extraordinary ; 

ordinaire, ordinary =. 
AMBAS3ADRICE [Jr-b^M-drli] n. f 

I ambassadress. 

AMBESAS [an-bs-ias] n. m. (trici 
track) ambsace ; double ace. 

AMBI [an-bi] n. m. (sarg.) atrii; 

AMBL\NT, E [an-bi-an, t] aJJ (pbr-) 
circumamliieni ; ambient. 

ambidext6rit: [an-w diki 'j- r.\i] 

n. ambidea'teriti/. 

AMBIDEXTRE [an-bi-diVi-ti] /.-I)' 

AMBIGU, E [iin-bi-gujadj ambiguoia 

Non ^j unambigtious. 

AMBlGUlT:^ [iin-bi-gu-i-t4] n. t. am 
biguity ; ambi guousn ess. 

Sans yvnambigwms; wiiAout am- 

AMBIGUMENT [an-bi-gu-man] adv 


AM BITIEUSEM ENT [fm-bi-ai-eu-i. 
miin] adv. ambitiously. 

AMBITIEU-X, SE [an-bi-ai-eii, ei-i 

adj. (DE, of; de, to) ambitious. 

Peu , unambitious ; unaspiring 
Caractire , ambitiousness. 

AMBITION [An-bi-.ion] n. (de, of, 
de, to) ambition. 

Dciiiut, manque d" , unambitiou9- 
ness. Sans , ^unambitious ; icithoui 
ambition ; unaspiring. 

AMHITIONNER [An-bi.sio-n#] v. a. <* 
be ambitious of{&. th.); to aspire to. 

AMBLE [Sn-bl] n. in. (man.) amble. 

doux, easy = ; grand , quick =i ; 

rude, rough =, A 1' , ainblingly. 
Allcr r , to amble; to amble along; 
faire allcr 1' i"k, to amble; avoir V-- 
doux, to amble easy ; ctre franc d' , to 
amble freely ; nicttre un clieva! ill' , 
to make a Iwrse amble. Qui va a 1' , 

AMBLER [an-bi] v. n. t to ambU. 
AMBRE [fin-br] 11. m. ('iiin ) amhr, 

gris, amber-gris. I)"-, Mmlnr. 
AMBR6, E [an-br6] aA^. u; d. ev-oo- 


De coulenr e, =. 

A.MBRfelNE [Mi-brd-i-n] lu (clciiu 

AMBR6IQUE [an-br-i k] adj. (ch^n^ 

AMIJRER [anbr] v. a. to scent wit 

AMHRETTE [n-bri-iT ^. I. anib,-> 
geed ; 2. (l)ot) i7uisk-maUo^rs. 

Graine d" . (bot) mu^k-st'^t. 

AMBROISE [in-bKii] I. i_ Li An 




ofi joiite; eu jeu; eit jeune; eit, peur; an pan; In pin; on bon; un brun; *11 liq; *gn lig. 

AMHU0I8IE [an-bron-ii] n. f, 

AMBltOSIE [aubro-ii] n. f. ambrosia. 

1)' , of'= : ambrosidl. 

AMBltOSIKN, NE [an-bro-ii-in, i-n] 
vij. Ambroskni (of St. Ambrose). 

AMIUILANCE [Sn-bu-liiri-.] n. f. (mil.) 
timl'vUince ; field, fli/ing liospitul. 

AM15ULANT, E [An-bu-lan, t] adj. 1. 
a'tibulant ; 2. itinerant; ambulatory ; 
%. (\i. s.) strolling. 

Oomedien (m.) , cornt'diennc (f.) e, 
ttrMing pUiyer; stroller; personne 
o, itinerant. Etre , mener une vie 
e, (I. s.) to itinerate ; to stroll. 

AMIJULATOIRE [An-b.i la-to-r] adj. 
(;.ers.) 1. ambiuatory ; 2. (tli.) itinerant. 

AME U-m] n. f. 1. II soul ; 2. + || ghost; 
R, % li/e-olood ; 4. ^soul; life; spirit; 
6. soul (person); fellow; thing; C. (of 
bel' 'ws) dack ; 7. (of devices) motto ; 
8. (of fagots) small wood ; 9. (of figures, 
statues) core; 10. (of quills) pith; II. 
(artil.) (of a gun) chamber; 12. (mus.) 

basse, de boue, base, grovelling, 
m^an soul ; bien nee, tceU-consti- 
tuted, ioeU-regiUated,icell-poised mind; 
bonne , good = ; bourrelcie, = stung 
icith remorse ; damnoe, msre tool ; 
vivante, living =:, creature. Charge 
d" s,cure o/=^; egalite d' , equani- 
mity ; tranquillito d' , tranquillity of 
=, mind ; /leart's ease ; heart-ease. 
Funeste a 1' , qui perd 1" , = -destroy- 
ing. A r . . . , . . .-souled ;. . .-thoughtsd; 
. . . -minded. Du fond de son , from 
o.'s = ; de toute son , with all o.'s = ; 
sans , 1. soulless; spiritless ; lifeless ; 
2. unfeeling ; sur mon , 1. tcpon my 
= ; 2. for the =, very = of me. Avoir 
la inort dans 1' ; to be heart-sick ; jouir 
de la Iranquillitii d' , to be at heart's 
ease ; niettre la mort dans V , to be 

he^irt-sickeniiui ; rcndre 1' \-, to give 

up, Ij yield up ihe ghost ; reveiller I' , 
tOi>c I'^art-stirring. Qui a T , (V. a 
1'). Dieu vcuille avoir son , God reM 
Mn, her =. II n"y a pas qui vi ve, there 
V. net a living creature. 

AME [a-m] adj. t well-beloved. 
AM^.LIE [aind-li] p. n. f. Am^ia. 
AMfiLIOHATION [a.mS-li-o-ra-.ion] n. 

I 1. amelioration ; 2. improvement. 

Auteur d' s, improver. Susceptible 
X , improvable; non susceptible d' , 

AM^LIORKR [a-mf-U-o-rt] v. a. 1. to 
am^iorate; to meliorate; 2. to improve; 
8. to better. 

Qu'on ne pent . unimprovable ; qui 
n'ameliore pas, unimproring. 

A.MKLIORE, E, piU p. V. SeUSCS of A.ME- 

Non , unimproved. 

S'a.meliorkr, pr. v. 1. to ameliorate: 
to meliorate ; 2. to improve ; 3. to ir^nd 

Pouvoir , to be improvable. 

AMEN [u-min] adv. ame^i. 

AMIiNAGEMENT [a-m^-na-j-man] n. 
tn. management (of a forest or wood). 

AM^NAOEli [a-m4..ia-j6] V. a. 1. to 
order, to regulate the management of 
la forest or wood) ; 2. to cut up (a tree). 

AMENl^AULE [a-mia-da-bl] adj. (agr.) 

AMENDE [u-min-il] n. C 1. penalty ; 
fine ; 2. (law) ransom. 

dcterininc'e, stated fine; honora- 
ble, "amende honorable ;" apology. 
a la discrL'tion du tribunal, discretionary 
T=. Pa-ssible d' , (pers.) jinalile ; liable 
to =; punissable d' , (tli.) finable. 
Boas peine d' , under penalty of a =. 
Condanmer h 1", to fine; to sentence 
to a-=\ to amerce ; * condainner a une 
de, to fine ; imposer une , to im- 
ivse, to lay, to levy a = ; mottre h 
r , to fine ; payer une, 1' de, to pay 
a =, penalty of: to forfeit; etn^ pas- 
ible d'une de, to forfeit ; to be liable 
CO a = of. 

AMENDEMENT [a-min-d-man] n. m. 
1. (A, ill) amendment : improvement ; 
J. (of tilings under deliberation) (a, to) 
Miendment; 3. (agr.) means of im- 
Faire un , to make an amendment. 
AMENDEK [a-min-di] . a. 1. to 

amend ; to improve ; ^ to mend ; 2. to 
reclaim (a. o.) ; 3. (of deliberative assem- 
blies) to amend (a motion, a bill, &c.) ; 
4 (agr.) to improve (land); to manure. 

Agriculteur qui amende les terres, ma- 

A.MEXDE, E, pa. p. 1. amended; im- 
proved; 2. (pei-s.) reclaimed ; 3. (agr.) 
improved ; manured. 

Non , 1. unimproved ; 2. (pers.) un- 
reclaimed. Qui peut etre , 7-eclaim- 

S'amendeb, pr. V. 1. to amend ;' to im- 
prove ; ^to mend ; 2. (jjors.) to be re- 

Qui s'amcnde se repent, amendment is 

AMENDER, v. n. to amend ; to im- 
prove ; 1 to 'mend. 

Qui n'aniende pas, unimproving. 

AMENER [ft-m-n6] v. a. (y>f.,from: a, 
to) 1. II to bring (to cause to come with- 
out being carried) \%\to draw ; to pull ; 
3. to bring in; to introduce; i. % to 
bring (a o.) ; to bring (a. o.) over ; 5. 
to bring (a tli.) about; to bring to 
pass ; 6. to bring fortcard ; to pro- 
duce; 7. (b. s.) to bring on; to draw 
on; to occasion; to cause; 8. to in- 
duce ; to bring ; 9. (of dice) to throw; 
10. (nav.) to haul doion ; to kncer ; to 
strike ; 11. (nav.) to strike (a flag, a mast, 
a sail). 

1. des pere'innea, des animaiix, des voitures oa 
des bateaux, to \ir'm^^ persons, animals, carriages, or 
boats. 3. des modes, des usii^es, to bring in, to 
intruduce J'ashions, usages. 4. q, u. a une opi- 
nion, to bring a. o., to bnng a. o. over to an opinion, 
~. d-JS ninlailiis, des nialheursj to bring on dis- 
eases, misfortunes. 8. q. u. a laire q. ch.,^o 
bring, to ind:ice a. o. to du a. Ih. 

(en bas), 1. to hrin/; doicn; 2. (en 
dedans), to bring in; 8. (dehors), to 
bring out; 4. (en haut), to bring up. 
Mandat d' , ( V. Mandat). involon- 
tiirement, (b. s.) to bring in ; a bonne 
till, to bring about; to bring to an is- 
sue ; li bon port, to bring to a happy 
issue, fetre ameno a, 1. to be broug/ttto ; 
2. to bring o.'s self to ; etre ameno de 
bien loin, (tli.) to be far-fetched. Ainene ! 
(nav.) (command.) 1. amain, ! 2. doion 1 
8. in ! 4. strike ! 

[Amknkr must not b confounded with ap- 

AMftNIE [a-m-ni] n. f. (med.) mp- 
pression, absence of Vie menses. 

AMENIT6 [a-m-ni-t] n. f. 1. | (of 

things) pleasantness ; agreeableness ; 
2. (of persons) amenity; pl'Aisant- 
ness: affabiliti/ ; 3. s (pi.) amenities. 
AMENOKRHl&E [a-mi-no-r^] n. f. 
(ined.) am.enorrhcea. 

AMENTACfiES [] n. f. 
(bet) ame7itace(B, pi. 

AMENUISER [a-m-nui-i] V. a. to re- 
duce ; to thin ; to make slender. 

AM-ER, feRE [n-m6rl adj. 1. 1 bitter; 
2. (of the sea, of tears) briny. 

Eau amcre, (cliem.) mother water ; 
principo , (cliem.) bitter principle. 
A.ssez, un peu , bitterish. Dun goiit 
, bitter. Rendre , 1. to make, to 
rendir bitter ; 2. to embitter. 

AMER, n. m. 1. I bitter ; 2. (of ceitain 
animals, of fishes) gall. 

Prendre des s, (med.) to take bitters. 

AMER, n. va. {fi&x.) land-mark ; sea- 

AMi;REMENT [a-mj-r-man] adv. 

AMEKICAIN, E [a-m-ri-km, i-n] adj. 
Amen can. 

Idioiisme , Am,ericanism ; patrio- 
tisme , Ameriofinism. Naturaliser , 
to Americanize. 

AMl^RICAIN [a-md-ri-kin] n. xn.Amer- 
iean (man). 

AM6RICAINE [a-md-ri-ki-n] n. f. 1. 
American (woman); 2. (print.) square- 
bodied script: script. 

AMl^RIQUE (L') [la-m-ri-k] p. n. f. 

V Septentrionale, du Nord, North 
= ; r Centrale, Central =z; Y Meri- 
dionale, du Sud, South ^=.. Les fitats 
Unis d" (m. pi.) the United Sttites of=^ 

AM^RIC-VESPUCE [a-m4-rik-ves 
pu-s] p. n. m. Vesputius. 

AMERTUME [amir t.i-m] a f. | bit 

moderc'O, Mtterishness, PereonTiC 
chose qui abrcuvc d" embitterer oj 
Sans , une?nbiitcred, Abreuver d' , 
to embitter ; to be t/ie embitterer cf, 

AM^THODIQUE [.-.-md to-d: kl -wlj 
(did.) without method, order. 

AMilTIIYSTE [a-m4-tu-t] n. t (mU ', 

AMiSTIITSTIN, E [a-m tis-tL-, li-J 
adj. amethystine. 

AMEUBLEMENT [a-mpu-bl-mm'] a 
m. 1. furniture; set of furniture ; ^ 
stock of furniture. 

AMELIBLIR [a-meu-biir] T. a. (agr.) 'o 
melloic (lands). 

AMEUHLISSEMENT [ameu-bli-a-miii] 
n. m. (agr.) mellowing. 

AMEULONNER [a-me-lo-n] V. a. fe) 
stack (hay). 

AMEUTER [a-nicu-td] V. a. 1. (hunt.) 
to train (dogs) to liunt together ; 2. to 
raise ; to stir tip ; to work up, 

S'ameuter, pr. V. 1. to rise (sediticus 
ly) ; 2. to riot ; to midiny. 

AMI [a-mi] n. m. E [mi] n. f. 1 ^friend. 

Bon ami, bonne o, 1. good friend ; 
2. ^ sueet-lieart ; cordial, liearty ^= \ 

eprouvi', tried=:; tnuK ,holloio::^; 

solide, steady ==: jusqu'aux autels, 
= as far as conscience permits ; du 
coeur, bosom = ; ami de cour, holloic == ; 

de la famille, de la maison, -.^ of tha 
family; de table, table com2Xinion. 
M' e 1, my darling; -r- my duck; 
mon !; 2. my dear! En , 
friendly; like a friend ; sans s, 1. 
%oithout=^ s ; friendlesf ; 2. unbefricnd- 
ed ; unfriended. Ao^k'rir, se faire doa 
s, to gain, to male =s; n'avoir point 
d' s, etre .sans t tohaveno:=s; tobn 
friendless; et-& do, 1. I g to be tK^i 
= of; 2. II to ?* rt = to ; to befriend 
ly to ; 8. g (til.) to be the companion -y , 
4. (th.) to be grateful, agreeable, pitta' 
ing to ; se faire V de, to befriend ; m 
devonir s, to be, to become =s agalr ; 
restcr s, to remain =s. ^,** Let b.ju'< 
comptes font les bons s, short rcK 'tory 
ings make long friend.'^. Les lies. dnF 
s, the Friendly Islands 

AMI, E, adj. '\. friendly; 2. (paint) 
{of -"olors) friendly ; harmonious. 

AMIABLE [a-mi-a-bl] adj. \.fi-ier.dly ; 
amicable; kind; 2. courteous ; 3. ami- 

A r , 1. amicably; 2. (of sales) p)ri 

AMIABLEMENT [a-mi-a-blS-man] adv 

1. amicably ; kindly; 2. courteously 
8. amicably. 

AMIANTE [a-mi-an-t] n. m. (min., 
atrAantiius ; 1 earth, mountain flax. 

AMICAL, E [a-mi-kol] adj. friendly , 

Peu , unfriendly. Caractfere , dis- 
position e, friendliness ; caracture pea 
, (th.) unfriendliness ; disposition pe 
e. (pers.) unfriendliness ; etat , ami- 

[An'ical lias no pi. in tlie masculine.] 
AMICALEMENT [a mi-ka-1-man] adT. 

friendly; amicably. 

AMICT [a-nii] n. m. amice. 

AMIDON [a-mi-don] n. m. I. itarch 
(solid); 2. (chcm.) fecula. 

AMII)ONNER"[B-mido-n] V. a. (a 4 
in.) to .starch. 

AMIDONNERIE [a-mi-do n-H] n. 
(a. & m.) starch-factory. 

AMIDONNIER [a-mido-ni] n. ni, 

AMIGDALE, n. f. V. Avtgdalk. 

AMINCIR [a-min-air] v. a. 1. to mal\\ 
to render tliin; 2. to edgeoff; 8. (ciainj 
to thin, 

S'amixcik, pr. V. to become, to get, fe; 
grmc thin ; to taper. 

AMINCISSEMENT [a-min-Bi-cman] a. 
m. II 1. making, rendering tliin; 2, 
tldnness : .3. (carp.) thinning. 

A,MINEUR [a-mi-neu'J n. m. salt- 

AMIRAL [n-mi-rall n. m. 1. ndmiral 
(person); 2. admiral (sliin); 8. guar. I 
ship ; 4. (conch.) admiral. 

Centre- , rear admiral ; grand ' 





a mal ; d male ; e fie ; e fcve ; 6 fote ; ^ Je ; i il ; Hie ; o mol ; 6 inolo ; 6 mort ; u snc ; H sure ; om joui ; 

M{!h = ; vice , vice =. command- 
>\Dt dans un port, j^ort = ; vaisseau , 
s= ; =' 7i,yj ; Jlag-ship. 

AMIEALAT [a-mi-ra-ia] n. m. rank, 
ffice, station o/ admiral. 

AMIKALE [n-mi-ra-i] n. f. admiraVs 
I'lriy ; adfivAral's galley. 

AMIRAUT:^ [a-mi-r6-i6] n. f. 1. odmi- 
ra.'ty (administration) ; 2. office of ad- 

Conseil d' , hoard of admiralty ; bu- 
rsaux de r , (pi.) = -ojfice; hotel de 
1', =. lie de r , Admiralty Inland ; 
lc3 ties de Y , the == Islands. 

AMlTIjfc [a-mi-ti6] n. f. 1. friendship ; 
2. affection ; love ; fondness ; 8. amity ; 
4. kindness {act); favor ; pleasure; 5. 
8, (pi.) regards; kind regards, pi.; 
6. (til.) sympaHiy ; 1. (paint.) (of colors) 

3. La paix et P entre nations, jteate and aiiiily 
between nations. 4. Vonlez-vouz noua i'aire 1'? 
ti'iii you do V3 the favor, {be so kind f) 

Avec , 1. vyith friendship ; 2. lov- 
ir.igly ; d' , 1. of-=^; 2. loving ; par , 
\.for = ; l.for love. Mes s a, my re- 
gards to ; mos vives s h, my kindest 
regards to. Avoir de 1' ])our, 1. to en- 
tertain = tovards ; 2. to hold dear ; 
8. to he friendly to ; envoyer ses s, to 
send o.' regards; etre sur un pied d' , 
te he on friendly terms ; faire ses s, 
a q. u., to give o.'s love to a. o. ; faire 
faire ses s a q. u.. to send o.'s love to 
a. o. ; olFrir ses s a, to give o.'s regards 
to ; prendre q. u. en , to take a liking 
to a. o. ; ^ to take to a. o. ; prendre q. 
II. fortement en , to take a great lik- 
ng to a. 0. ; 1 to take very much, a 
jreat deal to a. o. ; avoir pris en , to 
have taken a great liking to a. o. ; 
to he fond of a. o. ; to he partial to 
a. 0. 

Syn. Amiti^, amour, tendrkssk, affection, 
DECLINATION, llie first two exceed the rest in in- 
tVQsity. Amour {love) springs up in a moment, 
wUh 3Ut examination and witiiout rotlection, and is 
clxT.(cterized by ardor and vehemence. Amitii 
{friendsHp) originates in esteem and congeniality 
if dispxition, requires time fur its growth, and is 
'iWfciaziiished by its constancy. Tendresse (iendcr- 
(VtA \ i less ui action tlian a eciiditiun of the heart ; 
iX so.netimet approaches weakness, and is oftener 
awakened in women than in men. Affection {affec- 
lim) is less strong and active than amiti':, and more 
tranquil than amour; it is the ofTspruigof relatlon- 
jhip and frequent intercourse. Inc'inatinn (inci- 
nalvin) is merely a disposition to love^ which, cult'- 
vftted, may become amour or aniiti', as circum- 
stances direct, 

AMMAN ^am-man] n. m. amman 
(chief of a Swiss ciinton). 

AMMl<;RArOUK [am-md-ra-pour] p. n. 

(geog.) Ummerapoora. 

AMMI [am-mi] n. m. 1. (bot) ammi; 
ammios ; ^ hishop'a woH ; 2. (idiarm.) 
ammi ; ammios. 

AMMONIA-C, QUE [am-mo-ni-ak, n-k] 
B^. (cliem.) ammoniac ; ammoniucal. 

Gaz , ammoniacal gas ; goinme 
ainmoniaquo, ammoniacum ; gum am- 
moniac ; scl , ammoniacal salt; sal 

AMMONIACAL, E [am-mo-ni-a-kal] 

<^. (chem.) ammoniacal. 

AMMONIACUM [am-mo-ni-a-komj n. 

m. (chem.) ammoniacum; ammoniac ; 
gwm, ammoniac. 

AMMONIAQUE [am-mo-ni-a-k] n. f 
(cham.) ammonia. 

AMMONITE [am-mo-nl-t] n. (conch., 
fej^.) ammonite. 

AMMONIUM [am-mo-ni-om] n. m. 
((.Iiem.) ammonium. 

AMNfelE [am-n(s -li] n. f. swtpension, 
diminution, total loss of memory. 

AMNIOS [am-ni-os] n. HI. (anat) am- 
*3io ; amnion. 

AMNIOTIQUE [am-ni o-U-k] a'^ 
{p.bem.) amniot'.c (acid). 

AMNISTIK [am-nistij n. f amnesty 

AMMSTIl^; [am-nis-tii^] n. m E, ri. C 
person pardoned hy amn'Sty. 

AMNISTIER [am-nis-ti4] 7. a. to par- 
don hi/ amneMy. 

AMODIATlbN [a-mo-Ji-i-slen] n. f. 
farming, leasing, letting out (of 

AMODIER [a mo-di6] V. &. lofivm out 
llandst ; to lease out ; to let oat. 

AMOlNDRIR [ mot. liir] V. tL 1. to 


lessen; tc decrease; to diminish; 2. to 
Amoixdri, E, pa. p. V. senses of Amoin- 


Non , 1. undiminished; 2. uncur- 

S'amoindrik, pr. v. to lessen ; to de- 
crease ; to diminish. 

AMOINDKIR, V. n. 1. to lessen; to 
decrease ; to diminish ; 2. to decay. 

AMOINDRISSEMENT [a-moin-dri-s- 
man] n. m. 1. lessening; dimiiiution ; 
decrease ; 2. curtailment. 

stir] y. a. t to moisten ; to dampen ; to 
render moist, damp. 

AMOLLIE [a-n.o-iir] V. a. 1. 1 .^> sof- 
ten ; to mollify ; 2. to ueaken (a. v .) ; 

3. to enervate (a. c); to unman; 4. 
(did.) to inteneraie. 

S'amot.lir, i)r. T. 1. B to soften; to 
he mollified; 2. ( li.) to weaken; 3. 
(pers.) to become, \ jet eff'etninate, ener- 

AMOLLISSEMENT [a-mo-li-s-man] n. 
m. 1. 11 softening; mollification ; 2. 
weakening; 3. (iiers.) enervation; 

4. (did.) intejieration ; 5. (metal.) emol- 

Susceptible d" , ( V. senses) 1 mol- 

AMOME [ii-mo-m] n. m. (bot) amo- 

i grappes, cardamom-tree; des 
Indes, ginger. 

AMONCELEE [a-msn-s-le] v. a. 1. || 
to heap up ; 2. ( to pile up ; 3. I| to 
gatlier ; to collect; 4. to accumu- 

S' AMONCELEE, pr. V. 1. J to he heaped, 
up ; 2. I to he piled u/p ; 8. 11 to ga- 
tlier ; to collect ; 4. to acctmi ulate. 

AMONCELLEMENT [a-mon-se-l-man] 

n. m. 1. II heaping up ; 2. || piling 
up ; 3. II gatliering, collecting ; 4. 

AMONT [a-mon] adv. X (nav.) up the 
stream, river. 

Vent d' , (nav.) easterly wind ; Le- 
vanter. D' , 1. up tlie river; 2. from 
up tlie river; doicn the river ; dawn; 
3. (of the wind) easterly ; en , up 
the river ; up ; iqncards ; en de, 

AMORCE fa-mor-s] n. f 1. I halt; 2. 
(b. s.) hail; lure; allurement; 3. (of 
nre-arins) prime, j)riming. 

Corne d' , (of fire-arms) priming- 
horn. Servir d' , ( V. senses) (of fire- 
arms) to prime. So laisser prendre a 
r , to full into the snare. lis ont pris 
la ville sans bri'iler une , tliey took the 
town without firing a gun. 

AMORCER [a-mor-s<5] V. a. 1. to halt; 
2. (b. s.) to lure; allure ; to decoy ; 

8. to prime (fire-arms); 4. (angling) to 
decoy ; 5. (mil.) to decoy. 

Se laisser , to alloto one's self to he 
enticed, allured. 

AMOROOIR, n. m. V. :i6iiAucnoiR. 

AMORPHE [a-mor-f] adj. (nat hist) 

AMORTIR [a-mor-tir] V. a. 1. Ij to 
deaden ; 2. to allay ; to weaken ; 8. 
to deaden (a bl)\v); 4 to liquidate 
(a debt); to pay .jff ; 5. to hreak (a 
fall) ; 6. to slacken (a fire) ; 7. to take off 
the strengt/i o/' (herbs) ; 8. (fin.) to sink; 

9. (fln.) (an annuity) to redeem ; to buy 
up; 10. (law) to amortize; 11. (paint) 
to flatten. 

S'amortii^ pr. V. 1. II to he deaden- 
ed ; 2. to he allayed ; to subside ; to 
get to grow weak ; 8. (of a debt) to he 
paid off'; to he liquidated ; 4. (of a fire) 
to slacken ; 5. (fln.) to he sunk ; 6, (fin.) 
(of annuities) to he bought up. 

AMORTISSABLE [a-mor-ti-sa-hl] adj. 
1. (fln.) that can be sunk; 2. (flu.) (of 
annuities) /redeemable. 

AMORTISSEMENT [a-mor-ti-i manj n. 
m. 1. (arch.) pediment ; 2. (arch.)^2/i- 
ing ; 8. (of a debt) liquidation ; pay- 
ing off'; 4. (fln.) sinking ; 5. (fin.) (of 
ann;iille.s) redemption; buying up; 
6. t(lavv) amortization ; amortizement. 

Caisse d" , (fin.) sinking-fund ; fouds 
d" , sinking-fund. 

AMOUR [a-mour] n. m. 1. love; S 

lovingness; 3. 8, (pi.) (b. s.)^ 
pi. ; 4. (pers.) love ; ^~ passion : 
Jiame ; 5. (of animals) lieat ; 6. (myt!..; 
Lore; Cupid. 

propre, de soi, self-love; second 

,a/ter-=. Digned' , lovely; ei)e:dtl 
d' ,=^-lorn; indigno d" , unlotcly ; 
malade d' , := -su k. Dame de ses n^ 
lady-love; lacs d' , = -^-woi , penchant 
a r , amorousness. D" , 1. of=; 2. 
lovi7ig. Avec , lovingly ; en , 1. {ei, 
animals) in heat; 2. (agr., hort) ^^ a 
state of fermentation ; par , fcr-=^\ 
pour r de, 1. for the of; 2. fcr the 
sake of; far. . .'o sake ; pour T de Dif a, 
l.for God s sake ; 2. for charity's sakj ; 
pour r .le vous,^;- your sake. Avoir 
del' pcur, to he in :^ with; etre nia- 
iiule d' , to be = -sick ; faire 1', to woo ; 
S^~ to court ; faire 1' a, to woo ; 1 
to make=to; ^^W to court; 'anguit 
d' , to be = -sick ; prendre de 1" 
(pour), to he in = {with). Dont \' est 
infini, * all-loving ; qui languit d' , == 
-sick. j^*<^ Froides mains, chaudes s, 
cold hand,% warm heart. 

Sm. Amouk, Galantekik. Amovrhaa tm in- 
dividual for its oLject ; yalanterie, the sex. Anmir 
is :Ve offspring of the heart ; gatanterie, of the 
seM * tnd appetites. Ati excess of amour pro- 
duce s jealousy ; of galanterie, libertinism. 

AMOURACHER ra-mou.r-.h6] V. a. 1 
(b. s.) to make. . . in love. 

q u. de q. ch., to make a. o in love with a. ti. 

Amouraciie, e, pa. p. (b. s.) (de, with) 
^ smitten ; in love. 

Cesser ditre , to he disenamoured. 

S'amour icnER, pr. v. ^ (b. s.) (de) to 
become en imoured {of) ; ^ to be stnii- 
ten (with) : to fall in love {imth). 

AMOUIETTE [a-mou-ri (] I. f. t 

IWlove, 2. love-affair: 3. --s, (nl.) 
(culin.) wi n'otc of calf's, she^^ y In;!^ 

Par , (b. 8.) for love. 

adv. 1. ici'h love; 2. loTtingly ; S. (b. c j 
amorousl >/. 

AMOUaEU-X, SE [aao5re4, <yj jT 
adj. 1. Bg (pers.) (de, iciih) in loic; i. 
{iU.) of love ; love...; 3. (b. s.) (dk, '^') 
amorous; 4. {ytaint.) soft ; delicate. 

par-de.ssus la tete, over head ttru' 
ears in love. I)e\cnir , to heco/m 
enamoured ; etre (de), to be a lover 
{of) ; to be enamoured {of) ; to be in 
love (^cith) ; ctre de ses opinions, to be 
wedded to one's opinions; etre dea 
onze mille vierges, to he a general 

AMOUREU-X, n. m. SE, n. f lovet 
m. ; wooer, m. ; suiter ; ^^ siceet 
heart, m. t 

AMOVIBTLIT]!: [a-mo-vi-bi-li-ti'] n. f 1 
(pers.) liahility to removal ; 2. (of of 
flees) quality of being held during 

AISIOVIBLE [a-mo-ri-bl] adj. 1. (pers.) 
removable; 2. (of oflices) held during 

Avoir im emploi , des fond ions s 
etre , to hold an office during plea- 

AMPli:LID:6ES [^-p-li-df] n. f. (pi.) 
(bot) vine-tribe. 

AMPtLITE [?.n-p6.Ii-tj n. f ampelite 

AMP1I1I51E [an-fi-bil a/lj. (nat lltA 

Nature , amphibiousness. 

AMPIII151E, n. m. 1. (zoo!.) ar.\ph: 
Man; amphibious animal; s, (liij 
amphibia ; 2. t"^" (|icrs.) Jack of iU 
tritdes; 8. (i" '") man of two aitvf. 
milar trades. 

AMPHTBIOJ.OGIE [in-fl-bi-o lo-jl] x i. 
amphihiology ; treatise on ainphioiotm 

AMPIIIBOLOGIE Hn-fl-bo-lo-ji] n. 1 

AMPHIIiOLOOIQUE [an-fl-bo-loji.l| 
adj. amph ihological. 

bo-Io-ji-k man] adv. amphihologioaUy. 

AMPIIIBRAQUE [an-3 bra-kj i tn. 

(vers.) ampiliibraeh. 

adj. (Gr. bis'.) ha-vtig a right c>f heinc 



ou joute ; exi jcu ; eh jeuno ; eu peur ; in pan ; In plu ; on bon ; un bmn ; *n liq. 

*gn llq. 

rf>w'eentea in the AmpMctyonic comi- 

AMPHICTVONIE [rm-fik-ti-o-ni] n. f. 
(Or. hist) representation in tlie Am- 
vhictt/onic council. 

AMPIIIOTYONIQUE [An-flk-U-o-ui-k] 
nrlj. (Gr. hist.) amphicti/onic. 

AMPHIGTYONS [an-fik-ti-6n] n. m. 
(Gr. hist) amphicti/oiis ; members of 
',\e AmfJiictuonio coinicil. 

AMPIIIGENE [iin-fi-jJ-n] n. m. (min.) 
'l-nphi(iene ; Vesuvian. 

AMPIIIGOUi:i [rm-ii-gou-ri] n. m. 1. 
Ou.rUsqus piece ; 2. uninteUir/ihle 7ion- ; Twrviennicul stuff; 3. rigma- 

AMPIIIGOUPJQUE [Sn-fi-Koti-ri-k] ml). 
y burlesque ; 2. unintelligible; iion- 

AMPlilMACRE [an-fi-ma-kr] n. m. 
(vers.) ampMinacer. 

AMPIIISCIENS [fm-fi-81-in] n. m. 
(astr., geog.) amphiscians ; amphis- 
cii, pi. 

A.MPHISMILE [an-fi-smi-l] n. m. 
(surg.) two-edged bi4ston,ry. 

AMPHITllfiATUAL [Sn-fi-ld-A-tral] 
adj. (Eom. hist.) amphitlieatrical. 

AMP1IITIII5:ATKE [an-fi-t6-a-tr] n. m. 
1. amphitheatre ; 2. (ant) theatre. 

De 1" , (Koiii. hist) anrphitheatri- 
cal ; en , amphitheatral ; in Vie form, 
of an amphitheatre. 

AMPIIITRITE [an-fi-tri-t] n. f. 1. p. 
(myth.) Amphitrite ; 2. (nat am- 
phitrite ; 8. ** the sea. 

AMPHITPvYON [an-fi-tri-on] n. m. 1. 
(Gr. hist) Amphitryon ; 2. /tosY (master 
of the house) ; 3. treater. 

AMPIIOKE [in-fo-r] n. f. (Eom. ant) 

AMPLE [an-pi] adj. 1. I (of place) spa- 
aious ; large; roomy; 2. (of clothing, 
ftirniturc) /W ; large; 3. || ample; 
fiiU , 4 plentifid : 5. copious. 

AMPLE.MENT [au-plS-niin] adv. 1. 

X '. ply ; fully ; at large; largely; 2. 
iicfiitifally ; 3. copioasli/. 

AMPLEUPv [Au-pleur] n. f. 1. J (of place) 
^laciousness ; largeness; roominess ; 
'.i. I (of clothing, furniture) /i>iM'/ 3. 1 

A.MPLIATI-F, VE [Sn-pli-n-tif, i-v] adj. 
(of tie pope's briefs or bulls) addi- 

AMPLIATION [Sn-pli-a->i5n] n. f. 1. 
(8<lm.) ojflcial copy (of an act) ; 2. (law) 

d'une quittance, duplicate of a re- 
c-eipt. Pour , (adm.) a true copy. 

AMPLIFICATEUK [an-pli-fl-ka-teur] 

n. m. (b. s.) amplifier. 

AMPLIFICATION [iin-pli-fi-ka-.ion] n. 
C (rhet) amplification. 

AMPLIFIEPv [an-pii.fi6] V. a. 1. to am- 
plify; 2. to expatiate, to eTilurge on, 

AMPLITUDE [.in pli-tu-d] n. f 1. (astr.) 
amplitude ; 2. (gconi.) amplitude. 

AMPOULE [iin-pou-1] n. f. 1. ampulla 
(phial fo holy oil) ; 2. blister (on the 
hands or feet); 3. (hot) bladder; 4. 
(med.) ainpulla ; bulla; bubble; ^ 

So convrir d' s, to blister ; s'61ever en 
, se former en , to =: ; faire venir des 
- , to = ; to bring bli.sters. 

AMPOULl?: [r,n-pou-le] adj. (liter.) tn,r- 
Ijid ; tumid; inflated; bombastic; 
fustian; 2. (metal.) blistered. 

AMPOULEPw [An-pou-le] V. a. (metal.) 
to blister. 

AMPOULER, V. n. (metel.) to blister. 

.lUIPOULETTE [an-pou-le-t] n. f. (nav.) 
I //ct ; glass ; hour-glass. 

AMPUTATION [fia-p.i-t.i-ion] n. f. 
(iSirg.) amputation. 

Faire nne , to perform an = ; faire 
de, to amputate ;^ to cut of. 

AMPUT6 [an-pu-i*] n. m. E, n. f. 
iierscn wlio has had a limb ampu- 

AMPUTEE [an-pu-tj] V. a (surg.) to 

q. u., q. u. d'nn membre, to = 
1. o.''s limb ; 6tre aiiiputo, se faire , to 
\nve a limb amputated. 

AMULETTE [a mu-U t] n. I amulit. 

AMURAT [a-inii-M] p. n. m. Amu- 

A.MURE [a-ma-r] n. (nav.) (uf sails) 

Premiere de misaino, fore-tack ; 
grande , de grande voile, main-tack; 
avoir Ics s a b'lbord, to sail on the lar- 
board tack ; changer d' s, to take an- 
other tack. 

AMURER [a-mu-re] V. a. to haul 
aboard the lack of{& sail). 

Amure la grande voile! (nav.) aboard 
main tack! fttre amuro tribord, to 
sail on Oie starboard tack. 

AMUSABLE [n-mu-zn-bi] adj. % amu- 
sable : capable of amusement. 

AMUSANT, E [a-mu-ziin, t] adj. amus- 
ing ; entertaining ; ** amu^ive. 

Pen , unamusing ; uneni^" 'fining. 
D'une niaiiiere e, amusingly; enter- 

AMUSEMENT [a-ma-i-man] n. m. 1. 
a mus ement ; entertainment; sport; 
J^~fun ; 2. pastime ; 3. (b. s.) trijiing. 

Grand , 1. great =; 2. '^W~ fitie, 
good fun. Sans , icithoul = ; un- 
amused; vnenteriained. * 


TioN, RKJourssANCK. R'creation s'giiifii-a a alu li 
period of, or n-laxntinn ; amn-ifr}iei>t is a u:q 
fight and pleasing eliterlainnient ; divtti'usemcnt is 
arcompanied by more exciting pleasures; rijxuis- 
irtnce IS eharacteriztid by outward deincnstrations 
of snt'sfartion. 

AMUSER [amu-i^] V. a (he, irith; d, 
with, in) 1. to amuse; to entertain; 2. 
(b. 8.) to aniHse (deceive a o.); to tr{fle 
loith ; 3. to talk away (a tli.). 

le tapis, to talk Vie time axcay ; to 
spin out the time. * 

S'AMiTSER, pr. V. 1. to amuse o.'s self; 
to entertain o.'s self; to sport ; 2. ^ to 
keep it up ; 8. to laie time; to loitsr. 

bien, to = tcell; ^ to have fine, 
good fun ; de q. u., to amuse o.'s self 
at a. o.'s expense; ^ to make sport at, 
of a. o. , ^ la bagatelle, a la iiioutarde, 
to stand, to sit trijiing; to trifle o.'s 
time aicay ; avec des riens, to trifle ; 
^ to peddle about. Personne qui s', 
sporter, entertainer. Pour , to amnse 
o.'s self; to entertain o.'s self; ^ for 
o.'s sport. Qi'i ne s'aniuse jias, un- 

A MUSETTE . -u-zi-t] n. f. child's 

AMVCTIQUE [a-mN ti-k] adj. (med.) 
cauterizing ; caustic. 

AMYCTIQUE, n. m. % (med.) cau- 
terizing, caicstic medicine. 

AMYDON, V. Amibon. 

AMYGDALE Fa-mig-da-l] n. f. (anat) 
almond ; almonrJ of the throat ; tonsil. 

AMYGDALOIDE [a-mig-da-ioi-d] n. 
C (min.) amygdaloid. 

AMYLACE, E [a-mi-la-e] adj. amyla- 

AMYLIQUE [a-mi-li-k] adj. (chem.) 

AMYNTIQUE [a-min-ti-k] adj. (med.) 
strengthening (plaster). 

AN [an] n. m. year (considered as a 
whole); ^ twelve-month. 

Le nouvel , the new year; 1' du monde, de 
Notre-Seigneur, Ihe year of the worUI, of mir Lord. 

Un , a year ; ^ a ttceiremonth; 
bissextile, bissextile = ; ^ leap = ; sos 
jeunes s, o.'s early =s ; V passe, last 
= ; tous les s, yearly ; every = ; tons 
les deux s, de deux s en deux s, 
biennially ; every two =s ; \' de grace, 
(admin.) in the =; of our Lord ; 1' de 
Notre-Seigneur, in the := of our Lord ; 
et jour, (law) a = and a day ; bon 
, mal , one = icith another. Animal 
ago d'un , yearling. Bout de 1' , sir- 
vice du bout de \' , service of the first 
annitersaryofo's death; joar del' , 
new ='s day. D'un , 1. ofit^= ; 2. (bot) 
yearly; d'un , ago d'un , 1. of a, 
one =. old ; 2. yearly ; par , annually; 
a =. A voir . . . s, etre ds6 do . . . s, "to 
be... = old, of age ; tobe... =s old ; 
n'avoir pas vingt s, not to be ticcnty ; 
^ to be in o.'s teens ; avoir pass6 viiigt 
s, to be over twenty ; ^ to be out of 
o.'s teens ; etre charge d" s -|-, to be 
stricken in =8 ; donner a q. u. . . . s, 
to take a. o.tobe... =: ohl ; louer pour 

n 1 , 1. to hire by the =r ; 2. to \UnP>i 
a =. Venir d'avoir . . . s, to be ^twl 
turned of. . . =;. 

8:in. An, Kvrskv.. Art is a deterniii ate cUmeo 
of lime, we Ihiak of a year illinu* regaid to its 
duration; but annle is a determinate (7v: ju't 
div!di)}le i)it') parts. 

ANA [a-na] n. in. 1. ana (rolle^tion ul 
memorable sayings) ; 2. ana (terniinElioji 
added to the name of in auth>>r); & 
(pliarm.) ana. 

ANABAPTISME [a-i-b^ii.-m] n. m. 
anabaj/tism (doctrine). 

ANABAPTISTE [a-i . ba-tis-t] n. m 

D' , des s, anahaptistic ; en . 

ANACAMPTiQTTE [a-na-kanp-ti-k] adj 
(acoust & opt) reflected ; reflecting. 

ANACARDE [a-nn-kar-d] n. m. (bot) 

anacarJium ; casheio-n ut. 

d'Occident, . 
ANACARDIER [a na-kar-dif] n. m 

(bot) cashe^D ; casheic-tree. 

d'Occident, =. 
ANACATIIARSIE [a-na-ka-tnr-si] n. 1 

(med.) vomiting. 

A N A C A T 1 1 A RTIQU E [a-na-ka-tar-ti-k j 
adj. (mod.) emetic. 

ANACIIOUi;TE [a-na-ko-rJ-t] n. m 
anchorite ; hermit. 

ANACIIRONISME [a-nakro-nit-m] n 
va. 1. antichro7)ism ; 2. prolepsis. 

Qui contiiiit un . anachronistic. 

ANACLASTIQUE [n-na-kl.-ti-k] n. t 
(opt.) dioptrics. 

ANAC'LASTIQUE, adj. (opt) 

Point , point at which a ray is ro 

ANACOLUTIIE [a-na-ko-ii-t] n. I 
(gram.) anacoluthon (ellij)sis). 

lis-ni] n. m. (nied.) gargling. 

ANACREONTIQUE [a.nn-kr-5r..Uk] 

adj. anacreontic. 

PoC'inc , anacreontic. 

ANACTfelK [a-nuk.t^-zi] n. f (wxl) 
recovery of strength. 

ANADIPI.OSE [a-na-di-i 16-i] n. 1 
(rhet) anadiplosis. 

ANAGALLIS, n. m. V. Mol'kon. 

ANAGOGIE [] n. f. 1. (thxsl 
& philol.) anagoge; 2. --s, (pi.) (aac 
\\\i\..') festival in honor of Venus. 

ANAGOGIQUE [a-nago-ji-k] h'^. 
(tlieol.) anagogical. 

ANAGRAMMATISER [a-na-gra-mn-U 
zt\ v. n. to anagrammatize. 

ANAGRAMMATI3TK [a-na-gra-ms. 

tis-t] n. m. anagrammatist. 

ANAGRxiMME [a-na-gra-m] n. m. ana- 

Par , 1. anagrammatic ; anagram 
matical ; 2. anagrammatically. 

ANAGRAPIIE [a-na-gra-f] n. m. (med., 
prescription ; recipe. 

ji-r] n. m. (bot) bean trefoil, 

fetide, (bot) =. 
ANALECTi:S [a-na-i6k-t] n. m. (philol.) 

analects, pi.; select fragments. 

ANALfcME [a-na-lj-m] n. m. (astr.) 

ANALEPSIE [a-na-Up-8i] n. f. (Tied.) 

ANALEPTIQUE [a-na-lep-ti k) adJ 
(med.) analeptic. 

ANALEPTIQUE, n. m. (mrd.) ana 

ANALGftSIE [a-nal-jd-nf] n. f. (med.) 
absence of pain. 

ANALOGIE [a-na-lo ji] n f. analogy. 

Qualite d'avoir de 1' , analogitcl 
ness ; personne qui itablit des s, an 
alogist. Par , by =. ; sans , 1. witl. 
o< = ; 2.unanalogical, unancdogoM' 
Conclure, jugcr, laisonner par -, ti con 
elude, to judg": to reason from .=. 

ANALOG IQUE [a-na-'j-jik] adj. an<i 

Non, peu , ttnanaloyicaZ. 
man] adv. analogic<dly. 

Expliquor , to analogize. 

ANALOG ISME [a-na-lo-ji. ni] n. m 
(philos.) an(dogism. 

ANALOGTJE [a-na-Io-g] adj. 1. lA, to 
analogous; ?. ('lid.) anni/^gous; like, 





a ma! ; d male ; e fee ; f ftve ; i fSte ; ^ Je ; 1 11 ; 1 He ; o mo] ; 6 n*>i s ; 6 inoi t , u sac ; & eOre : om jour 

Non, pen , vtumdliigouH. D'une 
Dnaiiiire , atniUigonxLi/. 

ANAI.VSE[h rm-li-i] n. i: 1. analysis; 
3 (^T-M\.) p<i)-Hing. 

Kn iKriiiLTe , in cuncluxion. ; in the 
Us>if. Kairc une , to make an analy- 
tic: fiiirc 1", (f.Tani.) to pa me ; faiie 
. , lie, 1. to analyze ; to make an = of; 
it-, prniii.) to ixirae. 

ANALYSEK [..-n.i-ii-i*] v. a. 1. to av- 
(>/;, 2. (gram.) to pariie. 

Analyse, e, pa. p. V senses of Analy- 

Non , 1. unanalyzed ; 2. (gram.) un- 
f-31 Hed. 

AXALVSTE [a-na-iis-t] n. m. ana- 

ANALYTIQUE [a-na-li-ti-k] adj. ana- 
'/ytic; anali/tical. 

ANALYTIQUE, n. f. (sing.) analy 
iics, [il. 

d'Ai-istote. Aristotle' 8-:=. 
aslv. amdi/liraUi/. 

ANAMNi:SIE' [a-nam-nd-zi] n. f. re- 
turn ofmemory. 

ANAMOKI'HOSE [a-na-mor-f6-z] n. f. 

(persp.) ananiorj)fiois. 

ANANAS [a-na-nA] n. m. (bot) 1. (tree) 
piTie; pine-plani; 2. (tree, fruit) pitie- 

Champ d' , pinery ; serre 4 , pi- 

ANAPESTE [a na-p6.-t] n. m. (vers.) 

ANAI'ESTIQUE [a-na-pJs-ti-k] adj. 
(vers.) anapestic. 

Mesiire , anapestic. 

ANAl'IIOKE [a-na-fo-r] n. (rlict) 

ANAPIIIIODISIE [a-na-fro-di-zf] n. f. 
tied.) absence of seornal desire. 
ANAI'L^liOtlQUE [a-na-pld-ro-ti-k] 

kA). (iiied.) anaplerotic. 

"ANAl'TTSIE [a-i.ap-ii-z!] n. f. (med.) 

ANAUCTllE [a-nar-Bhi] n. f. anarchy. 

ANMiCHIQUE [a-nar-shi-k] ailj. ait^ 
U'i'nhical; anurehio. 

ANAKCHISEK [a-nv .hi-] v. a. X to 
fhrfic into anarehy. 

ANAUCIIISIE r, rar-,hi.-t] n. m. f. 

AN AURIIIQUE >- j-ttv k] n. m. (ich.) 

loiip, \.cat-fsh; 2. ravenons udlf- 

ANARiniOPIE [a-nar-ro-pi] n. f. (med.) 
rush oftilood to the npper parts of Vie 

A'NASAR()Ur, [a-n-.Hr-k] n. f. (med.) 
avasarca ; 5 d/'op-iy of the skin. 

Qui a rapport a T , uvasrrcous. 

ANASI'ASE [a-na-spa i] n. f (med.) 
anaspasis ; ctrntrnciion of the, storti- 

AN.ASTA.SE [a-na-sta z] p. n. m. An- 

ANASTO.MOSE [-na-to-m6-z] n. f. 
fanat.) anaxtoriutxix ; inosciilidion. 

(snat.) to iiioxcnUde. 

8"ANASTOM()SKit. pr. V. (anat.) to inos- 

ANASTOMOTIQUE [a-na-Ho-mo-ti-k] 
oj. (anat.) anasto^notic. 

ANASTltOPIIE [a-na-itro-f] n. f. 
.'tfTwii.) anastrophe. 

ANATHl!;.MATISER [a-n-i-td-ma-ti z] 
r. a. to an(Uheniatize. 

ANATnP:ME [a-na-ii-m] adj. anathe- 

ANATHf;ME, n. m. anatJiema. 

\Y , 1. of'=.\ 2. anathe^natical ; en 
IkHno d' , anatliematically. Dire 
,'>, to denounce an =: against ; frapper 
V , to anutheimatize; lancer un ,to 
Vurl an =. 

ANATl FE [-n-t;.fj n. m. (moll ) lar- 

AN.STOCISME [a-na-to-.i..m] n. m. 

I'll' lion lid interest. 

>EIE (L') [la-na-to-Ii] p. n. f. 
peoc.) Ap<d<ilia ; Natulia. 
'ANATOMIE [a.n..-tomiJ D. f. \%an- 

ucjiupari'e, (did.) rowparatlre =:; 
Kt-Uiny ; bniiiaiDC, do rb''*"'"*". = 

of man. Faire T de, to anatomize; 
to dissect. 

ANATOMIQUE [a-na-to-.-ni-k] adj. an- 

man] adv. anatomically. 

ANATOMISEK [a-na-to-mi i6] v. a. U 

ANATOMISTE [a-na-to-mis-l] n. m. 

ANATRlfcSIE [a-na-tri-ii] n. f. (surg.) 

ANATRIPSIE [ana-trip .(] n. f. (med.) 

ANATRON [ana-tron] n. m. (chem.) 

ANATROPE [a-nn-tro-p] n. (med.) 
vcmiiting ; nausea. 

ANAUDIE [a-n-di] n. (med.) icant 
of voice. 

ANAXAGORE [a-nak--go-r] p. n. m. 
(class.) An^israycas. 

ANAXARQUE [a-nak-wir k] p. n. m. 
(class.) Anaa-archiis. 

ANAXIMANDRE [a-nak-ii-man-dr] p.- 
n. ill. (class.) Anavimander. 

ANCATRKS [an-.f-tr] n. II). (pi.) an- 
cestors, pi. ; ancestry, sing. ; forefa- 
thers, pi. 

Un de ses , an ancestor ; one qfo.'s 
=s. D' , de ses , 1. ofo.'8=^; 2. 

ANCIIE [an-.h] n. (of wind-instru- 
menis) reed. 

ANCIIILOPS [an-ki-iop-s] n. m. (surg.) 
anchilops ; abscess in the eye. 

ANCIIISE [an-hi-z] p. n. m. (class.) 

ANCIIISIADES [Sn-ln-zi-3-d] p. n. m. 
(class.) son of Anchises (patronymic of 

AJJCIICIS [an-hoa] n. m. (icli.) 01- 

ANCHOISi; [an-.hoa-zi] adj. pick:ed 
like anchovies. 

ANCIEN, NE [ar-im, en] adj. 1. an- 
cient; 2. old; ** older ; S. by-gone ; 4. 
old ; former ; late : formerly ; 5. (in 
office) senior. 

1. Lea ^^crivains, ancient writers; Vaneiennt 
histcire, ancient kistory ; les lanpiea anciennes, tht 
ancient languaqes. *2. Un edifice, an old hititd- 
ing ; 1' Tcstaincnt, lie old Tealament. 3. D' 8 
acteurs, by-gone perforiuers. 4, Uii Diaire, an 
old, f.Tmer iitai/vt. 

Plus , 1. (in age) elder ; 2. (in office) 
senior ; le plus . 1. (in R^e) the eldest; 
2. (in office) the senior ; moins ,junior. 

ANCIEN ran-iin] n. m. 1. ancient; 2. 
-i- codger ; old codger ; 2. (in office) se- 
nior ; 3. (of the Israelites, Presbyterians) 

V, ^~ old Scratch (the Devil). 
Conseil des s, 1. (of the prcsbj-terians) 
eldership; 2. (Fr. hist.) council of the 
Ancients ; quality d' , (of the Israelites) 

ANCIENNEMENT [Sn-si^-n-mSn] adv. 
1. anciently; of old ; of yore; 1. for- 

ANCIENNETfi [an-.iJ-n-t^] n. 1. 
ancientness; 2. oldness; 3. (of families) 
ancientry ; 4. (in office) seniority. 

De toute , from time immemo- 

ANCILE [an-.i-i] n. m. (Rom. hist) 
ancile ; sacred shield of Mars. 

ANCOLIE [an-ko-li] n. (hoi.) colum- 

ANCONE [an-ko-n] p. n. (gcog.) ^71- 


ANCRAGE, n, m. t T. Mouii.lage. 

ANCRE [an-kr] n. 1. II anchor; 2. 
(carp.) brace; 8. (Uorol) anchor ; 4. s, 
(pi.) (nav.) anchorage. 

Seconde , (nav.) best bmcer anchor, 
best ho^cer. d'atfourche, small =; 

de flot,./?oo</=;; de larse, sea =.; 

de mLsoricorde, de saUil, sheet =.; 
de tou6e, kedge; stream =z. Forgeur 
d" , = -smith ; jas d" , (nav.) = -stock. 
A r , 1. * anchoring ; 2. (nav.) at=:. 
Chasser sur ses s, dragiicr sos s, to 
drag Oie =; ctre a 1' , (iiav.) to lie, to 
lie at = ; to ride ; to ride <it ; fatigiier 
il r , to rt.te luird ; ne pas fatlfruer ii 
1' , to rnl'- easy ; jcfer, inouilK-r 1" , to 
cast, to drop =i 'i\er 1" de. to iin- 
nwr (a ship) ; lever .son , to iceigh =. : 

mettro 1" a poste, to stow the =: ; t'sit' 
bon sur ses s, dans un coup de vent, <c 
ride aid a gnle ; lai.<sor tombcr ses --^ 
to let go the =. Qui n"cst i)as i'l 1" , xtix 

A N CRER [at -kr] V. n. 1. 1 1 to anchor; 
2. to anchor (estalilish, fix). 

Ancre, e, pa. p. 1. (nav.) at ar.c\cr ; 
2. % anchored (established, fixed). 

Qui n' pas 1, vnanchored. 

S'ancker, pr. v. to anchor (establibt 
Rx) o.'s self; to be anchored; to gttd 

ANDAILLOTS [iin-da-io*] n. m. (pi.) 
(nav.) cringles; hanks. 

ANDAIN [an-din] n. m. (agr.) Buaih. 

ANDALOUS, E [an-da-iou, i] adj. & 
n. m. f Andidusian. 

ANDALOUSIE (L') [lan-da-lon-zt] p. n. 
(geog.) Andalusia. 

ANDANTE [an-dan-t] adv. (mus.) t- 

ANDANTE, ANDANTfi [an-dan-t, Uj 
n. m. (mus.) andante. 

ANDEELE. V. Bets. 

ANDOl'lELE [an-don-i*] n. 1. (o( 
pigs) chitterlings ; 2. (of tobacco) tioisi 

ANDOUILLER [an dou-i6*] n. m. 
(hunt.) antler. 

Premier , brcnc-=; second , bo- 
antler. A s, antlered. 

ANDOUILLETTE [in-dou-ij-t*] d. t 
fcrce-ineat ball. 

ANDR6 [an-dr] p. n. m. Andrew. 

ANDRINOPLF. [iu-dri-no-pl] p. n, 
(geog.) Adrianople. 

ANDROGYNE [iin-dro-ji n] adj. 1. 
(bot.) androgynous ; 2. (zocl) 

ANDROGYNE, n. m. androgyntu; 

ANL'ROiDE [an-dro-i-d] 3. m. tw^ 

-VNDROMANIE [Sn-dro-mt-nl] n. f 
(med.) m/mp>homaiiia. 

ANDPvOMAQUE [an dro-ma-k] p. n 1 
(class.) Andromache. 

ANDROMEDE [an-dro-mi-d] n, L 
(asir.) Andromeda ; 2. (nxyth?) Ar.dro- 

ANDRONIQUE [in-dro ni-k] p. n. rt 
And ronicus. 

ANDROPOGON [andropo-gon] n. m. 
(bot.) (tndropogon ; ^ camel's hoy. 

ANDROTOMIE [Sn-dro-to-mi] n. 
(anat.) androtomy. 

ANE [a-n] n. m." 1. (mam.) ass ; 2. ass; 
jack-ass; ^ donkey; 3. 8 (pers.) ass; 
jack-ass ; dolt ; dunce ; blockhead. 

sauvage, wild ass ; ray6, zebra. 
Bonnet d' .fool's cap ; dos d , 1. r= 't 
back ; 2. (const) shelving ridge ; port 
aux s, := bridge ; promenade a , 
donkey-riding ; tete d" , 1. =^'s-head ; 
2. (ich.) bull-head ; voitnre a , donkey- 
chaise. D' II 1. of an =: of asses ; 
2. asinine ; = -like. Comme un , = 
-like. Aller, inonter sur un , to ride 
on an =, a donkey ; faire 1" , to play 
the fool ; faire une partie a s, to go out 
donkey-riding ; montoru , to ride on 
an =, a d'mkey. :,,** A laver la tete d"nn 
on perd sa lessive, there is no leash- 
ing a blackamoor tihile ; c'est le pont 
au.\ 8. every fool knoivs that. *% On 
ne saurait faire boire un 8"il n"a 8oi 
un qui n"a pas soif, you may take a 
horse to water, but you cannot nnik 
him dHnk. 

ANI^IANTIR [a-n-an-tir] V. a. 1. I to 
annihilate ; 2. to annihilate (a. th.) 
to destroy ; 8. to crush (a. o.) : fc ie 
stroy ; to ruin ; 4. to astound (s. a ) 
to dumfounder. 

fttre'aneanti, ( V. senses) 1. to he eio- 
hauxted ; 2. to be thunder-struck. Qil 
pent etre I, annihiUdile. 

S'aneantir, pr. v. ( V. senses of Axfi- 
antir) 1. II to come, to be r<'<hiced tc 
nothing ; 2. + to humble o.'s se{f. 

Si/rt. Ankantir, Dl^TRUiRE. Wh^t one rf- 
tnn't (lUetrois) ceases tn ex'st, ttiit tracts nf It may 
riniain ; liat < ne anianlil (aiiuilii ii/M)dinppear 
alt'irt'llifr. Air'at'ttxH'-mertt is li-tal tftntriietwr,. 

n. III. I. II S annihilation ; 2. ^ d.-struo- 
i'on ruin ; 8. % prostration of strength: 
debility; loicn(ss;i + B&f-hvmiita 





ofijoute; eujeii; euj&hne; eii peur; )ipan; inpln; ortboii; m brni ; *11 .Iq. ; "gn llq. 

-ko-pl n. 

AliECDOTK [a-nik-do-t] n. f. aiieu- 

ANECDOTIEU [ nck-do Hi] n. ui. re- 
l/iter of anecdotes. 

ANEODOTIQUE [a i.^k-Jo-ti-k] adj. 

Ooinedie , dramatic anecdote. 

ANM0L0QIK [a-nf mo-io-ji] n. i ane- 

ANEMOMETKE [n-n(5-mo-iet-r] n. m. 

er.emometer ; viiid-gauye. 

AN^ MONE L.n6-nio-n] I), f. (bot) aiie- 
ifl y^; 'i toind-fif/ioer. 

bcpatique," (bot) no7/le Uveruort. 
do iiier, (iKil.) sen anemone. Giiffc, 
patte d" , anemone-root. 

ANEMOSCOPE [tt-n6-ino-.ko- 

(phys.) anenwxcope ; wind- 

ANEUIE [A-n-ri] n. f. 1. gross igno- 
rance; 2. blander of an ignoramus; 
gross blunder. 

Faire line , to commit Vie blunder 
of an ignoramus. 

An ESSE [H-ne-] n. f. she-ass ; ass. 

ANETll [n-net] n. 111. (bot) dill. 

coiiimun, a)iet; doiix, fenotil, 

ANi;TIQUE [a-n6-ti-k] adj. (med.) se- 
AN:fcTIQUES, n. m. pi. (med.) seda- 

AN^VRISMAL, E [] adj. 
(med.) aneufimnal. 


adj. (med.) aneiirismal. 

AN^VKISME [a-ii6 vrU-ni] n. m. (med.) 

du cceur, =, ^ enlargement of the 
heart ; actif du ctcur, notice aneurism 
cftlie heart. 

ANFKACTUEU-X, SE [in-frak-tu-en, 

l-i] adj. anfractuous; winding ; full 
of windings. 

ANFUACTU0SIT6 [ac-frak-tu-o-xi-tS] 

a. f. I. a7ifritctuoHsness ; 2. s, (pi.) 
I hidings ; irregularities) ; cavities. 

ANGAU, n. m. V. Hangar. 

ANGE [Anj] n. m. 1. t angel; 2. 
(\>til.) cross-bar shot; 3. s, (il.) (mar.) 

(Mahu, fallen nngel; tutclaire, 
guardian, tutelari/^^. de, (tcli.) 
=: -fsh; maid ; monk-f-th ; scale. D' , 
r= ; = -like ; eoimne un , like ?i = ; 
* T= -like. t!:tre aux s, to be in rap- 
tures, ecstasies. 

ANGE [an-j] p. n. iti. Angelm. 

ANG Clique [in-j^-u-k] n. c (bot) 


conflte, candied =. i feuilles 
d"aclie, lavage. 

ANG^LIQUEMENT [an-j^-li-k-min] 
adv. angelicalli/. 

ANGELOT [.-.n-j-io] n. m. 1. angelot 
(clieese); 2. (ich.) angel-fish; maid; 
nirnJc-fisfi ; scats. 

ANG feLU S [iin-j-lu] n. m. (Rom. oath. 
I'o'..) angelus. 

Dire 1' , to say the = ; s.^nner 1' , to 
ing the z=.. 

ANGINE [an-ji n] n. f. (med.) angina. 

parotide, ^'= pai-otidea." 
ANGINEU-X, SE [, eu-i] adj. 

Oned.) attended roith angina. 

ANGIOGKArillE [an-ji-o-gra-f.] n. 

ANGIOIIYDROTOMIE [an-ji-o-i-dro- 
w>-mi] n. I", (anat) dissection of tlie lym- 
phatic vessels. 

ANGIOLOGIE [in-ji-o-lo-ji] n. f. an- 

AN6I0SPERME [Sn-ji-M-per m] adj. 
(bot) angiospi'nnous. 

ANGIOSI'ERMIC, n. f. (bot) 

ANGIOTOMIE [an ji-c tc-mi] n. f. (surg. 
4 anat) angiotomy. 

ANGUVIS, E [an-giA, t] adj. English ; 

A 1' e, in the English fashion. Ren- 
Are . to Anglicize. 

ANGLAtS [aii-Kl6] n. m. 1. English 
[language); 2. Englishman; British 
mbjert; * Britfm. 

lin hon , in plain English Dos , 
if the English, B-iti^i. 

ANGLAISE [An-gli-z] n. f. 1. English 
girl; English young lady ; 2. English 
icomun; 'i.furniturebinding ; 4. "an-" (dance). 

ANGLAISER [an-glj-ii] v. a. to dock, 
to bob (a liorse's tail). 

Un clieval anglaise, a bob-tailed horse. 

ANGLE [An-gi] n. m. 1. angle; 2. cor- 
ner; 3. (of roads, rivers) turning; 4. 
(geom.) angle; 5. (tech.) quoin. 

aigu, (gcoin.) acute angle ; droit, 
(geom.) right =; facial, (aiiat)./c/((/ 
= ; obtiis, obtuse = ; avec le miii- 
dien, (iiialli.) bearing. A s, angled ; 
a droit, (geom.) 1. rectangular ; 2. 
7-ectangularly ; a plusieurs s, qui a 
plusiciirs s, many-cornered ; ii s 
saillaiits, sharp-cornered ; d' , (mach.) 
bevel; sans , utiangular. Abattre 
les , (carp.) to edge ; faire , to el- 

ANGLET [ingle] n. m. (arch.) chan- 

ANGLETERRE (L') [lan-gls-ti-r] p. n. 
f. England. 

La Nouvelle , New-England. 

ANGLEU-X, SE [in-gleu, eu-z] adj. 
full of corners. 

ANGLICAN, E [an-gli-kan, a-n] adj. 1. 
of the Church of England ; 2. Anglican. 

ANGLICAN, n. m. E, n. 1. church- 
man, m. ; member of tlie Church of 
England, m. ; 2. Anglican. 

ANGLICISME [an-gii-.-m] n. m. An- 

ANGLO [an-gio] (comp.) anglo.. . 

An(1I,0-DAN0I8, E [an-glo-da-no, i] adj 


AngI-O-SAXON, NE [an-gl.j-iik-on, o-j" 

adj. Anglo-Saxon. 

AxGI.O-SAXON [an-gIo-ak-uii] n. m. 


ANGLOMANE [an glo-ma-n] adj. in- 
fected with Anglomania. 

ANGLO.MANIE [an-glo-ma-ni] n. An- 

ANGOISSE [an.goa-.] n. anguish, 
pang; distraction. 

Poire d' , \. choke pear; 2. gag. 
Faire avalcr dcs poires d' . to give a. o. 
a choke pear. Faire soulfrir dos s a, 
to torture. 

ANGON [Sn-g3n] n. m. \. angon (jave- 
lin) ; 2. shell-fish hook. 

ANGORA [in-go-ra] adj. Angora. 

ANGORA, n. m. Angora cat. 

ANGOUSSE [an-gou-.] n. {hot) dod- 

ANGUILLADE [an-ghi-ia-d*] n. cvt, 
lash (given with an eel-skin, a whip, a 
twisted lianilkcrcluc &c.). 

ANGUILLE [an-ghi-i*] n. L (ich.) 
eel (genus); 2. (ich.) grig; 3. ii)\iiy) Jly 
the garter. 

coiumunc, do riviere, eel (species) ; 
petite , 1. small =!, 2. elver; de 
mcr, T I. conger- =^; conger; 2. gar- 
fish; ii:'ite d' s, = -pie; plat-bec, 
grig ; grig =. Claie aux s, (flsli.) 
=-pot; trident pour les s, (fish.) =- 
spear; troiifon d' , a /xVce o/=^. 
Quclqne sous roche, a smike in the 
grass. ^*, ftoorchcr nne par la queue, 
to begin at tlie icrong end. fichapjier 
comme une , to slip through one's 

ANGULAIRE [an p. -I J- r] adj. 1. angu- 
lar; 2. (anat) angular. 

ifitat , angularity; pierre , (constr.) 
corner-stone ; head-stone. 

adv. angularli/. 

ANGULft, E [an-gn-l^l adj. 1. (bot) 
angular; 2. (did.) aiigulated. 

^NGULEU-X, SE [an-gu-lea, ea-j] adj. 
\. angulous; many-cornered; 2. (bot) 

AN6USTICLAVE [ai.-gm-ti-kla-v] n. 
m. (Rom. ant) angusticlave. 

ANIIAPlIIE [a-na-fi] n. (med.) loss 
of the sense of touch. 

ANIII^ILATION [a n6-lA-8ion] n. 
(incd.) anJielation. ; shortness of breath. 

ANICROCUE [a-ni-kro-Bh] n. ^diffi- 
cult!/: impediment ; ^W^ hitch. 

AN-IER [A nic] n. ni. itliE [ir] n. 

ANIL [anil] n. m. (bot) rtHiZ 

ANIMADVERSION [ ni-mad-rir .inl 
n. (I'OUR, 071, 7t,po7i) a7iimadverstnn. 

Exercer son (centre), to ani7nad 
ve/'t (on, upon). 

ANIMAL, E [a-ni-mal] adj. aninMl. 

Actes, fonctions de la vie e, =; i/.v 
tio7is, functions. Convertir eu sub- 
stance e, to animalize. 

ANIMAL, n. m. 1. animal ; 2. S (b. e i 
'pcrs.) ani7nal ; hound; bitite. 

Vilain . nasty animal, houni^ ; cw. 
D" , of an^^; beastly. Ep , li'\.t 
a7i =. Doner des proprietes d an! 
maux. to animalize ; rendre , to ani- 

Sim. Animal, bktk, bkutk. Tlie word am- 
ma/(ainia(') oi.niprisesall living organic Lyings; 
Ibe word bete (beatt) marks a tliuis of ani-r.^uz a 
omxisrd lo man ; the word bnite (brute) tndiC&tei 
the class of betes actuated by the grossest appetitei 
an.l passions. We would call a man animal, to 
repnach him for coarseness, or nident-ss; we 
would call him bite, for his awkwardness, incapa- 
city, or folly ; we wonhl call hini brute, for a com- 
plete v.ant of sense, perfect stupidity, and, above 
all, blind biutality, or unbridled lust. 

ANLMALCULE [a-ci-mal-ku-l] n. m. 
U7iimalcule ; s, (pi.) anim<ilcvia. 

Des s, animalciilar ; aninuilou- 

ANIMALISATION [n-ti-ma-li-iA-sion] 
n. a7iimalizat'io7i. 

ANLMALISER [a-ni-nmll-i^] V. a. /! 

S'animaliser, pr. v. to become ani- 

ANIMALITl!: [a-ni-ma-U-l(S] n. (did.) 
a7ii77ial eanstence. 

ANIMATION [a-ni-ma-aion] n. | (did.) 
animatio7i (giving the principle of life 
to an organized body). 

ANI.Nift, E [a-nim(5] adj. 1. 1 ni?>i(/<- 
ed ; f/uickened ; 2. ani7>iated : lively ; 
vivacious ; S. (lb.) spirited ; 4. j 

Non , 1. I vn-tpiickened ; 2. ; V 
ani7nated : 7inliveli/ ; B. ^ untcarmiil 

ANIMER [a-niin'o] V. 8^.1. [to an>, 
mate; to guicken ; to vivify ; 2 (i>K. 
with; A to) to animate (,<i\\c vi-. cc'ty, 
heat, sti-engtii to); to enliven; to givi 
life, animation to; tojire; 3. (i a 
xcith ; A, to) to animate ; to ini itc ; 
to snmmo7i 7ip ; 4. (b. s.) (costrk, 
against) to incense ; to exasper-ato ; to 
stir tip. 

1. le teint, to give animation to thi corr'.Uxi'n. 

Personne, choso qui anime, anima- 
tor. Capid)le <r , animative. D'tine 
maniere propre i , animatingly. Qnl 
anime, a7iim<iting ; qui n'est pas aiiime, 
( V. senses) unactiiated. 

S'ani.mer, pr. V. 1. II to become, ^ to 
get animated ; 2. to cheer up ; 3. 
to get, to g/'ow warm ; 4. (b. s.) 
to be incensed, exasperated ; to chafe. 

S. La dispute a^aniwe, the dispute is growing 

ANIMOSITY [a-ni mo-zi-t] n. 1. 
(coNTRE, to, towards) animosity ; 2. 

Par , 1. by animosity ; 2. from =. 
fttre porte d' contre q. u., to have a 
feeling of-=^ toicu7'ds a. o. 

AN IS [ani] n. m. (bot) anise; anise- 

6toilfi, 1. Indian, star a7iise-seed . 
2. anise-plant ; vert, anise-seed 
Graine d' , anise-seed. 

ANISER [ani-zi!] V. a. to flavor with 

ANISETTE [a-m-.J-t] n. anise-teed 

ANISOTAQUE [a-ni-jo-ta-k] adj.(m(sl.) 
(of the pulse) i/7ef/H^(//' and i-apid. 

ANKYLO.MELK [A.i-ki-io-me-l] n C 
(surg.) bent pi'obe. 

ANKYLOSE [ n. C (veal) 

ANKVLOTOME [an-ki-lo to m] n. II 
(surg.) crooked bistoury. 

ANNAL, E [annai] adj. (law) for i 

ANNALES [anna I] n. (pL) vn 
7ials, pi. 

ANNALISTE [an-na-lis-t] n. ni. an 

ANNATE [anna-i] n (can law) I 
a/inats, pi. ; 'I. Jirst fruits, pi. 




a mal; d in'ilc; e fee; e feve; c fete; ^je; i i!; I '/le; o mol; 5 mole; ; mort; u buc; -d cftre; ow joui ; 

&NNEAU [a-n5] n. m. 1. ring; 2. I 
vrcUt; 3. (of chains) link; 4. (of hair) | 
ringlet; b-XamaX.) ring ; G. (fistr.) rihg ; 
I. (crpet.^ ring ; 8. (nav.) 7-ing. 

briso, split ring ; mobile, (tech.) 
runner; nuptial, wedding- =^\ [lotil 
- , ringlet; solaire. mnall sun-dhd ; 
h vis, (tecli.) scretc-hoop. Pctkire los 

- s (le, to M:lirik (chair'') ; mettre un , 
Ae X a, to ring ; oter im , dec - xa, 
V unring. 

ANNlih' [and] n. f. 1. pear (considor- 
( I with tjgard to duration); twelce- 
r-.onth; 2. (astr.) ye^r. 

anoinalistiqiic, nnomalisiical, pe,- 
rindicdl year; ses belles s, thepTlr.^e 
(if life ; bissextile, bisseatile, leap = ; 

commune, nioyenne, one = ^cith an- 
other ; r dernicre, last = ; 1' pro- 
ciiaine, next . ; scolaire, scolastique, 
academic =; s si.'bsequcntes, after 
years, after life; V suivantc, the 
nesrt =. de r6\ olution, (astr.) (of pla- 
nets) =. Une d.H.i3 i'autie, owe = 
rcWi another, riein d' s, 1. in a full 
a^ge ; 2. + f7^ll of=s. A V , hy the = ; 
de r , 1, cf the =; % of the same =. 
tf e charg6 d' s, to he stricken in = ; 
souhaiter la bonne hq. u., to wish a. o. 
a happy neic =. Qui se rcnouvelle 
clia-jue . (bot.) yearly. 

Ai^NELE, E [tt-n-l] adj. 1. annu- 
lated; ring-streaked;' 2. (of hair) in 
ringlets; 8. (nat hist) annulate; an- 

ANNELEE [a-n-l(5] V. a. to cvrl (liair) 
in ringlets. 

ANNELET [a-n-lj] n. m. 1. ringlet; 
annvlet; 2. (arch.) annulet 

ANN ELIDES [a-i.d-U-d] n. m. (pi.) 
(itool.) annelid es, pi. 

ANNEXE [nnnek-s] n. f. 1. annex; 
appendage ; 2. (of deeds) schedule ; 
rider ; .3. (of churches) parochial cha- 
lil; chapel of ease. 

ANNEXER [an-Dek-.] V. a. (a, to) to 

("i-apnex6, annexed. 

ANNEXION [an-n^k-i6n] n. f. annex- 

; lid.) annihilation. 

ANNIlIILli;, E [iin-ni.i-l] adj. (law) 

ANNII[ILF:R [an-m-i-l^] V. a. 1. (did.) 
f/i annihilate ; 2. (law) to annihila)e. 

Qui pent ctre annihil6, (did.) annihi- 

ANNIVERSAIEE [an-m-v6r..4-r] adj. 

A une epoque , anniversarihj. 

ANNIVERSAIEE, n. m. 1. anniver- 
sary ; 2. (Rom. oath, lit) anniversary. 

de sa naissance, o.'s birth-day. 
Ode d' , anniversary ode; anniver- 

ANNOMINATION [an-no-mi-na-ion] n. 

f. annomi7iation. 

ANNONCE [a-n3n-8] n. f. 1. announce- 
ment; notice; 2. (sing.) (of marriage) 
bans, pi.; 3. (of newspapers) advertise- 

emphatique, pnff; do spectacles, 
playbill. Faiscur d' 8 emphatiques, 
pilfer; feuille d' s, advertiser (news- 
paper) ; frais d' g, advertising. Par 
des 8 emphatiques, /)M^n(7i2/. Faire 1' 
de, to announce ; to give notice of ; ^ to 
jive out. Faire une , des s, to adver- 
tiee; faire des s emphatiques, toi)uJi 

ANNONCER [a-n6n-i] V. a (A) 1. to 
Gmunt/nce (to) ; 2. to a^mounce (a. th.); 
St> acquaint (...); to inform (...); 8. to 
announce (a. o.) ; 4. to give notice of 
[lu th.); to give out; 6.* to iisher ; to 
wijuer in ; to he the harhi^iger, preour- 
vrr, forerunner of; C. to foretell. 7. 
( jy the press) to advertise. 

Q. q. ch. a q. u., to annmincc a. th. to a. c, 
jo acquaint a. o. leitk a. th., to inform a. '. 
f a. tk. '6. la conipagnie, to announce tlicom 

Personne qui annonce, a nno^i/ncer {of"). 

8 an.son<;kb, pr. v. (V. senses cf A.v- 
TSioscYAi) to present one's self{m&V.(i one's 
nif Icnown). 

8e faire , to have one^s stlfonnoun- 
Wil ; to lend in on-e^s nam^e. tien, 

to promise fair ; to he of good pro- 
mise; to be 2'>rom,ising ; mal, to he 
nnpromising. Qui s'annonc? bien, ^co- 
mising ; qui s'annonco mal, unpro- 

ANNONCEUR [a-n6n-eui] n. m. 
(theat) \ performer iltat announces the 
pieces for the next occasion. 

ANNONCIADE [a-non-si-n-d] n. f. L 
annunciade (religious order); 2. nun 
of the annunciade. 

ANNONCIATION [a-non-i-a-tion] n. f. 
+ 1. Annunciation; 2. Lady-day. 

Fete de 1", 1. + = o/oit;' Lady ; 2. 
Lad>/-d<n/ (2.'> March). 

ANNOTATEUR [n-no-fa-leur] n. m. 
annotator ; commentator. 

ANNOTATION [a-no-ia-sion] n. f. an- 
notation; commentary. 

Faiseur d' s, annotator. Faire une , 
to make an annotation. 

ANNOTER [a-no-if] V. a. to annotate; 
to comment. 

ANNUAIRE [an-nu-i-r] n. m. an- 

ANNUEL, LE [nn-nu-el] adj. 1. an- 
nual; yearly; 2. (bot) annual; 

Plante le, annual; rccueil de 
jurisprudence, year-book. 

ANNUEL, n. m. (Rom. catli. lit.) an- 

ANN UELLEMENT [an-nn-^l-mfm] 
adv. annuaUi/ ; yearly. 

ANNUITI? [an-m.-i-ti5] u. f. (fin.) an- 
nuity; certain, terminalle annuity. 

Pctcnieur d" , annuitant. 

ANNULAP.LE [an-nu-lu-W] adj. 1. 
(did.) defeasil.le ; 2. (law) reversille. 

ANNULAIRE [an ml-l^r] adj. 1. an- 
nular; ring-shaped; 2. (astr.) an- 

Doist , ring-finger. 

ANNULATION [an-nu-Ianion] n. f. 1. 

annulment ; 2. cancelling (of a deed) ; 
3. (law) ahatemeni. 

ANNULEMENT [an-nu-l-mSn] n. m. 
(nav.) signal that countermands an 
order given hy n previous signal. 

ANNULEli [an-nu-lc] v. a. 1. to an- 
mil; 2. to set aside; 3. to cancel (a 
deed) ; 4 (law) to frustrate ; to quash ; 
to void ; to make void. 

Personne qui annule, (law) voider. 
Qui pent etre annule, (law) voidable. 

Annule, f., pa. p. V. sensesof Anntjler. 

Non , 1. uncancelled ; 2. (law) un- 

S'annuler, pr. V. (F. senses of An- 
nuler) to annul. 

ANOBLI [a-nobli] n. m. newly creat- 
ed nobleman. 

ANOBLIR [a-no-biir] V. a. to e7inolle 
(confer a title of nobility on). 

Le soiiverain ani'hHt qtielques honimes, mais 
la vertu les ennnbUt toiis, Iht sore rfj'pn ennobles 
some men, but virtue ennobles them a//. 

[Anoelir must not be confounded with enno- 

ANOBLISSEMENT [n-no-bli-s-man] n. 

m. ennoblement. 

ANODIN, E [a-no-din, in] adj. 1. ano- 
dyne; 2. (med.) paregonc. 

Breuvage , ** anodyne; remade , 

ANODIN [n-Bo-din] a m. (med.) ano- 
dyn e; ^pa regoric. 

ANOIE [a-noa] n. f. (mcd.) idiocy. 

ANOMAL, E [a-Do-mal] adj. (did.) ano- 

D'une maniOro e, anomalously. 

ANOMALIE [tt-no-ma-ii] n. (did.) 

moyenne, simple, (astr.) mean, sim- 
ple = ; vraie, equ-nted, true =:. 

ANOMALISTIQUE [a-no-ma-Iis-ti-k] 

adj. (a.str.^ 1. anomalistic ; 2. (of the 
year) periodical. 

ANOMIE [a no-mn n. f. (conch.) ano- 
mia ; 1 beaked cockle ; houl-shell. 

Anon Unon] n. m. young ass; ass's 
foal : (flsh ) a species of cod. 

ANONNEMENT [a-no-n-manl n. m. 1. 

hemming ar(Xi hawing ; 2. foaling of a 

ANONNER [a-no-nd] V. a. to hem and 
haw over. 

ANONNER, v. n. 1. to hem and haw ; 

2. to foal; to hi 'tig forth a ycuni 

ANONYME [n-no-ni-in] adj 1. iiiony- 
moiis; 2. (com.) (of coiiipaLlfA; j:/int 

ANONTME, n. m. f. 1. nnonymo'ti 
person ; 2. state of an anonymous per- 
son ; 3. (mam.) anonymous ainmul. 

Sous le voile de 1" , anonymoudi . 
Carder 1' , to remain anonvmous. 

ANORDIE [a-nor di] n. f. (liav.) 1. gaU 
from lh north; 2. nortnerly storr.%. 

AN0R]>1R [a-nordir] V. n. (nav.) (jd 
the wind) to draw toxcards Vie north. 

ANOREXIE [a-no-rek-Bi] n. f. (med.) 


gra li] n. description of inorganic 

A NORMAL, E [a-nor-mal] adj. anor- 
mal; anomalous. 

ANOSMIE [a-nos-nii] n. loss of the 
sense if smell. 

ANSE [an-s] n. 1. handle (round); 
2. f L'eo2.) creek ; hay. 

(le panior, 1. 'basket-handle ; 2 
(arcli.) snrhased arch; du panier. 
servants' profits. A , 1. icitli a =; 
2. (did.) an sated ; 3. (geog.) creeked, 
Fhmc U' pot a deux s, to put o.'s arm* 
akimlo; garni d'une ^, ((lifL) ansaied. 

ANSE, n. f V. llANSK 
ANSl^ATIQUE, adj. P. IIankea- 

ANS]^:RINE [an.5-ri-n] n. (hot) En- 
glinh mercury ; 1 goose-foot ; ^ all- 

dos inurailles, icall goose-foot. 
ANSKTTE [nn-;-i] n. t L Uttteliar.- 

die; 2. (nav.) cringle. 

ANSPECT []n. m. (mar.) /ia<f- 

ANTAGONISME [Sn ta-go nij-ir] li. m. 
(anat.) anlagonixm. 

ANTAGONISTE [An.|a-g->-ni. t] odj 

ANTAGONISTE, n. in. 1. ar.tagc 
nist; 2. {mvA\.) antagonist. 

ANTALGIE [r,n-iai.ji] n. f. (med.) al 
sence ofjxiin. 

ANTALGIQUE [Sn-tal ji k] n. m. i 
adj. (med.) anodyne. 

ANTAN [an-tan] n. m. + last year. 

ANTANACLASE [al-ta-na-kla-l] n. t 

(rhct) antanachisis. 

ANTANAGOGE [an-ta-na-go-j] n. 
(rhet) antanagoge. 

ANTARCTIQUE [an-tark-ti-k] ni^ 
(astr., geo2.) antarctic. 

ANTfiCEDEMMENT [an tf-sf-da-mii,] 
adv. antecedently ; previously. 

ANT6C]^:I)ENT, K [an-t6-6f-dan, t] fvli 

antecedent ; precedent ; preceding ; 
fitat d(^ cc (jui est , antecedence. 

ANT]fcClil)i:NT [an-le-sC-dan] n. m. 1. 

antecedent; precedent; 2. s, (pi.) 
previous conduct ; 3. (did.) antecedeni ; 
4. (gram.) antecedent; 5. (log.) a7itece- 
dent; G. (math.) antecedent. 

Sans , 1. unprecedented. tiVa: saa 
s, (pers.) o.'s previous conduct to bf. 

ANTKCIIRIST [an-t6kri] n. m. Anti 

Partisan, sectateur de I' , aniichrio 

anti^;diluvien, ne [an-tf-di-in-Ti 

in, i-n] adj. antediluvial ; antedilu- 

ANTfiDILUVIEN, n. m. NE, n. a 

ANTENNE [Sn-t^-n] n. 1. (ent) an- 
tenna; 1 feelers; ^ /torn; 2. (nar.) 

ANT]^;OCCUPATION [n-ti-o-ku-ri 
sion] n. f {rhet.) prohpsis. 

ANTfiNORIDES [an-tA norid] p. D 
m. (pi.) (myth.) Anienorides ; descend 
ants of Ant en or. 

ANt)^.P]^:N ULTli5ME [an W-pe nu' 

liJ-in] adj. (trram.) antepenultimate. 

ANTifcPiiNU^.TllCME, n. f. (giam.' 

ANTi;:RIEUR, E [an.t^rie;;rl ^d). 1.1 
(of place) fore ; front ; 2. (oC I uie) ( .\ 
to) anterior: ,,rior ; pre^ iow- ; f 
(viat) anterior 4. (bot )froni<il. 



oiijofitc; ewjeu; eiijouno; ei pn:r; a pan; in piu; dnhon; un hmn; *11 liq. 

*gn llq. 

A ST^RIEUEEMENT [i^n-H ri-eu-r- 

uar I adv. previotisly. 

ANT^KIOIUT^ [An-W-rio-ri-t^] 11. f. 
MiUriont)/ ; prioriti/. 

ANTKSTATUKE [.m-tia-tn-tu-r] u. f. 
(mil.) antet(iture (small intrencliment 
formed of palisades or .sacks of earth). 

(! i] adj. {xnciX.) helminthic ; vermifuge. 

ANTIliOKE [an-tJs-r] 11. f. (bct.) anther; 
1 tip ; top of the stamen. 

ANTII^lilFfeKE [an-U-ri.fe-r] adj. 

(l.<)t.) antheriferoiM. 

ANTIli:SE [in-t4-2] n. t (bot.) blow- 
ing of a flower. 

ANTIIOGEAPIIIE [iin-to.gra-fi] n. f. 
art of exprtaiiing one's thoughts by 

ANTIIOLOGIE [iu-to-lo-ji] n. f. antho- 

D' , aiithological. 

ANTIIIiAClTE [rm-ira-si-t] n. m. 
(min.) unthracite ; ' h'oiie-coul ; coal 
stone; //lunce-coal. 

ANTlIlIACOMiiTRE [rin-lm-ko-mJ-tr] 
B. m. (clieni.) iii^tricmeiitfor (determin- 
ing the amount of carbonic acid in tlte 

ANTIIUACOSK [Au-ira-ko-z] n. m. 
(surg.) anthrucosis. 

ANTIIUAX [in-irali.] n. la (med.) 

ANTIIROPOGRA PiriE [Sn-tro-po- 
fa-f i] n. f (did.) anthroiioiiraphy. 

ANTIIR01>0(}KA1'III(1;E [an-tro- 
pr-gra-fi-k] adj. (did.) (inthro/iographical. 

ANTIIROI'OLOGIE [ai.-iro-po-lo-ji] n. 
i (Old.) anthropology. 

ASTIIROPOMdRI'IIE [an-tro-po- 

noorf] adj. pomorjihouR. 

mor-fi3-m] n. in. antliroponiorpliism. 

Kor-fi-t] n. m. f anf/iropomorphite. 

ANTIIROPOPUAGE [an-tro-po-fa-j] 

ii\. nnthropopluifjous ; cannibal. 

ANTIIROPOPUAGE, n. m. f. an- 
tfiropcphagns ; cannilnd; man-eater. 

ANTIl ROPOPIIAGIE [fm-ivo.po.fa-ji] 
D. f. anthropophag II ; cannibalism. 

AyTIlROPOTO.MIE [an-lro-po-to-ini] 
3. 1 , mat.) anthropotomij ; anatomy, 
i^u<\-t!.on of the human body. 

ANTIIYLLIDK [An til-li .i] n. f. (bot.) 
\. kidney-vetch; 2. Jupiter's beard. 

vuliuTaire, icound-wurt. 

ANTI [An-ii] 1. (Greek nrctix signify- 
ing against) anti; 2. (Frcucli prefix 
uieaniim before') ante. 

ANTI .^ POPLl':CTIQUE [ An-ti-a-po- 
plek-ii-k] n. in. & adj. (iiicd.) antapoplec- 

ANTIARTIIRITIQUE [An-ti-ar-tri-ti k] 
n. m. & adj. (nied.) aniarthritic. 

ANTIASTIIMATIQUE [ in-li-as-ma- 
ii-k] n. Ml. Si adj. (iiied.) (tnti-astlnnatio. 

ANTluAClilQUE [An-ti-ba-.hi-k] n. 
m. Cane, vers.) anti-hacc hius. 

ANTIBACIIIQUE, adj. (anc. vers.) 

ANTIBIIJLIQUE [an-ti-bi-bli-k ] adj. 

ti k1 B. in. & adj. (mod.) anticachectiu. 

ANTIC.\TARRIIAL, E [An-li-ka-U-ral] 
n. m. &, adj. anti-catarrhal. 

ANTICAUSOTIQUE [An-ti-k6-jo-ti-k] 
n. HI. & adj. (med.) anticausotic. 

\NTlCilA.MBRE [inti-slmn-br] n. I. 
uiitschamber ; 2. outward room. 

dc salon, ante-saloon. Eaire , to 
dance attendance. 

ANTICIFRESE [An-tikrJ-z] n. f. (law) 
(^of linm jvables) pledge; moi-tgage. 

Tenir en , (law) to hold by mort- 
gage; to have a mortgage on. 

ANTICIIIiI<rnEN, NE [ An-ti-kr<S-ti-in, 

.VNTICIPER, V. a. 1. to anticipate; 
2. to forestall ; 3. to antedate. 

ANTICIPER, V. n. 1. to anticipate; 
2. (suR, ...) to anticipate ; 3. (sub, on, 
upon) to encroach ; to make encroach- 

Personne qui aiiticipc, anticipator. 

ANTICOLIQUE [au-ti-ko-li-k] n. m. & 
adj. (med.) anticolio. 

ANTIDARTREU - X, SE [ Sn-ti-dar- 
:reu, eu-z] adj. (med.) antiherpeUo. 

ANTID ATE [an-ti-da-t] n. t II antedate. 

ANTIDATER [au-ti-d*-;6] v.a.|ltoan- 

i n] adj. aiitichrisiian. 

iTIClIRlSTI.VNISME [An-ti-kria-li- 

1-riu-m ] n. m. anticliristinnity ; anti- 

ANTlCll'ATION [an-ti .i-pa-.ion] n. 
1. anticipation ; 2. (suu, on) encroach- 
ment; 3. (rhct.") anticipation. 

A I'etatd' , in anticipation ; par , 
l,t>y = ; 2. anticipatory ; 3. inadvarice. 

ANTICIPfe, E [An-ti .i-_po_] adj. 1. auti- 
tij^ated ; 2. (dk, of) a'.iticipak ry. 

ANTIDIAREIi:filtQUE [ aii-ti-di-a-r- 
i-k] n. m. (med.) remedy for diarrhoea. 

ANTID1ARRH:^IQUE, adj. (meJ.) 
for, against diarrhoea. 

ANTIDOTE [an-ti-do-t] n. m. J (con- 
TRE, to) antidote. 

Comma , antidotically. if ncrir 
les [iropnetes d"un , to beco'ifuh anti- 
dotal; avoi: les proprietos d'lin , to 
be antidotal ; servir d' , to l>e antidotal. 

ANTIDOTER [an-ti-do-tij -.. a. (med.) 
to administer an ant'dote. 

ANTID YSSENTfiRlQUE [ an-ti-dia- 
Ban-t^-ri-k] n. m. & adj. (med.) antidysen-. 

ANTI:fi5I:fiTIQUE [] n. 
m. & adj. (med.) antiemetic. 

ANTiENNE [An-U-^-n] n. f. (liturg.) 

A la manicre des s, = -^vise. An- 
noncer une , to give out an=i; an- 
iioncer une triste, fiiclieuse, mauvaise , 
to bring bad news ; chanter toujours la 
inuine , to harp upon a thing ; ^^ to 
sing the same song over and over 
again ; entonner une , to begin an = * 
to strike up an=^. 

ANTIliPILEPTIQUE [ an-tW-pi-Up- 
ti-k] n. m. & adj. (med.) antiepileptic. 

ANTIl5;PlSG0PAL, E [ AD-ti-6-pii-ko- 
pal] adj. anti-episcopal. 


n. m. (pi.) (Eugl. hist.) anti-episcopa- 
lians, pi. 

ANT[6VANG6LIQUE [an-tM.van-j- 
li-k] adj. anti-evangelical. 

ANTlK^BPaLE [ iu-ti-K-bri-l ] adj. 
(med.) antifebrile. 

ANTIFJiBRILE, n. m. (med.) ?!- 

ANTIGOA, ANTIGUE [An-ti-goa, Ac 
'.i-g] p. II. (geoa.) Antigua. 

ANTIIIECtUiUE [au-ti-ek-ti-k] n. m. 
Je adj. (mod.) antihectic. 

-po-kon-dri-a k] n. 111. & adj. (med.) anti- 
hyj)och ondriac. 

ANTIIIYST^RIQUE [An.ti.i-t-ri-k] 
n. m. & adj. (med.) antihysteric. 

ANTILLES (LES) riSzAi.-ti-i*] p. n. 
(l 1.) :he Antilles; the West Indies. 

Les Grandcs , the Larger Antilles ; 
les Petitcs , the Smaller = ; la Mer 
des , the Caribbean Sea. 

ANTILOGIE [An-ti-lo-ji] n. (did.) an- 
alog i/. 

ANTILOliMIQUE [An-ti-lo-i-ml-k] n. 
111. & adj. (mod.) antiloimic. 

ANTiLOPE [An-ti-lo-p] n. (mam.) 

;'i bourse pouched gazelle. 

laii-ko-ii-k] n. m. & adj. (med.) antime- 

ANTIMfcTABOLE [An ti-m-u-bo-l] n. 
(rhet.) antimetabole. 

ANTI.MOINE [ an-ti-moa-B E. m. 
(chem., min.) antimony. 

en plumes, plumosez=, Cci-tenant 
do r , avtimoniul. 

ANTIMONARCHIQUE [an-tl-mo-nar- 
hi-k] adj. antimonarchica^ 

ANTi.MONIAL, E [An-Umo-ni-al] adj. 
(pli.liTn.) antimoniul. 

ANTIMONIAL, n. m. (med.) anti- 

ANTIMONIATE ':* timo-L'-a-.] E.m. 
(chem.) antimoni :its. 

ANTIMONi:^, E [in-U-moti*] fcjj. 
(pharm.) anti^nonial. 

ANTIMONIQUE [ An-ti-mo-ni-k] adj. 
(chom.) antimonic. 

ANTINI^^Pin'J^TIQUE [ an-ti-ii4-fr. 

U i] a. X. <Sr adj. (med.) aniinephriii\ 

ANTINOMIE [Aii-U-oj m!] n. an.'f. 

ANTIOCIIE [An-ti-0-.b] p. n. An.tioch 

ANTIFAPE [an-ti-pa-p] n. m. anti- 

ti-k] n. m. & adj. (mod.) antqxtralyiic. 

ANTIPATlilE [an-ti-pt-ti] n. (i con, 
to) antipathy. 

Caractere d' , antipatheticaViuin^, 
Avec , antipathetically ; par ,.f"/-it 
antipathy. Avoir de V , to hare art: 

,ANTIPATIIIQUE [ an-ti-pa ti-k ] (wy. 
(a, to) antipathetic. 

Btalii-k] adj. (med.) antijieristaltic. 

ANTIPERISTASE [An-ti pSru-ta-.] ri. 
(did.) antiperistasis. 

ti-lAii-ai-ei] adj. 1. autipestilential ; 3, 
(med.) anti'.oimio. 

lo-fi-k] adj. antiphilosophical. 

ANTli'IILOGISTIQUE [ au-ti-flo-jb- 
ti-k] n. m. & adj. (med.) aniiphlogisti<; 

[An-ti-fo-iiie, ii^-r] n. m. (Rom. cath. lit.) 

ANTIPIIONE [r.r..ti-fo-n] n. m. (Roji, 
cath. rel.) aniiphon ; aniiphony. 

De r , antiphonal ; arMphonio. 

ANTIPIIEASE [an-ti-fra-i] n. f (r) et.) 

ANTIPIIYSIQITE [ an-ti-fi-zi-k ] a<y, 
antiphysical ; contrary to nature. 

ANTIPLEURl'iTIQUE [ An-ti-pl. u-r*. 
ti-k] n. in. & adj. (med.) anttpleuritic. 

ANTIPODAL, E [An-ti-po-dal] adj. an. 

ANTIPODE [An-ti-po-d] n. m. 1. | an- 
tipode ; 2. 1| s, (pi.) antipodes, pL 

ANTIPSOEIQUE Fan-tipw-rik] a m 
& adj. (med.) antipsoric 

ANTIPUTUIDE [ An-ti pn tri i j ivy, 
(mod.) antiseptic. 

ANTIQUAILLE [An ti-ka-i*] t5. (L 
.s.) 1. 1 dRtiquity ; 2. s, (pi.) old lum- 
ber, rubbish; old things; curiosHi-f^ 

Maftnsin d' s, curiosity-shop. 

ANTIQL'AIEE pn-U-kJ-r] n. ir. anti 
quary ; antiquarian. 

D' . antiquarian. 

ANTIQUE [An-ti-k] adj 1. antique, 
ancient; 2. (b. s.) antiqv^ited ; old-fcy 

A r , =. 

ANTIQUE, n. antique. 

ANTIQUITY [An-ti-ki-if] n. 1. || 
tiquity; 2. ( antiquity (olduws) 
3. (pers.) antique. 

Haute , (pers.) remote, high anti- 
quity; vioille , antique. 

ANTISCIENS [An-ti-si-in] n. m. (geoi?.j 
antiscians ; antiscii, pi. 

ANTISCOEBUTIQUE [ An-ti-ekor-bu. 
li-k] n. 111. & adj. (med.) antiscorbutic. 

ANTISEPTiQUE [Ai-ti-sep-ti-k] ii. m. 
& adj. (med.) aiitisejjtic. 

ANTISOCIAL, E [An-ti-so-si-al] adj 

ANTlSPASMODIQUE [ an-ti-spa-mo. 
di-k] n. 111. ife adj. (med.) antispasnwdie. 

ANTISPASTE [Auii-apa-st] n.m. (snc 
vers.) antispast. 

ANTISTIIENE [An-U.-tJ-n] p. n. m, 
(class.) Antisthenes. 

ANTISTROPIIE [An-ti-.tro-f ] n. 1. 
^rhet.) antistrophe ; 2. (Gr. ant.) anti- 
%trc; ^e (stanza). 

ti-k] n. m. & adj. (med.) anti&yphiVi'.ii. 

ANTITHESE [.An.ti-t4-z] n. (rhft, 

ANTlTIUfiTIQUE [an-t;-l-ti k ] 3^^ 
(rhet.) antithetic; antithetical. 

ANTiTKlNITAIRE [Aa-ti-tai-m li .-J 
n. m. antiti-iiiifiirian. 

ANTIV]':NEUIEN, NE [an-ti-'sf-ai. 
-i-in, J-ii] adj. 1. (med.) antivenereal; aiu 
iisyphi/itic ; 2. (of medicines) ^7ierrt4 

ANTOINE [an-toa-n] p. n. m. 1 An^ 
thony ; ^ Tony ; 2. (Rom. hist.) jlntonj 

Marc , Mfaro Antony. 

ANTONIN [an-to-nin] p. a. nj 'oiMft 

lo Pieux, = I'iui. 



a mal ; (i male ; d fee ; 


ef<H< <je; iil; 

nie; omol; y mole ; '^niort; msuc; i< sttre; om jour; 

ANTONINE [Sn-to-ni-n] p. II. f. Atito- 

ANTONOMASE [an-tonc-mai] n. f. 

frbel.) <nit(inomiisi0. 

ANTUE [An-ir] n. f. X.cave; cfirern; 
2. Cdve hoUmc ; 3. (of wild beasts) den ; 
t (r.o.s.) (b. s.) i/en. 

ANUITKU (S) [s-nu-i.t] pr. v. to be 

ANUS [S-nu-s] n. ni. (anat.) anus. 

ANX lin't [Ank-si-6-i#] u. 1. ana-'iety; 
%. (iiied ) (inseiety. 

Avec , tcith anvriety ; aiiriously ; 
ilHas r , ill = ; sans , 1. tcithotit = ; 
2. unana'iozis. 

ANXIEU-X, SE [ank-.i-cu,eu-i] adj. 
(rr.ed ) ans^ionn. 

AOKISTE [o rU-t] D. ui. (Gr. gram.) 

AOKTE [a-or-t] n. f (anal,) aorta. 

('rosse (le 1' . arch of the =:. 

AOltTlyUE [u-or-ti-k] adj. (anat.) aor- 

AOTjT [ou] n. in. \.Aui;ust (tnontli); 
2. harvest. 

La mi- , the middle of August. 
Faire 1" , to harvest. 

AOOTE [a-oii-te] adj. ripened by the 
heat of Aagu.'it. 

AOCtTEKON [o'l-tf-ron] n.m.harvest- 
man (in the month of August). 

APAGOGIE [a-p-go-ji] n. C (l'>g.) 

.M'AISEU [n-p6-ii] V. a. 1. to appeaie 
(a. o.); to paeifn ; i. to allay (u. tli.); 
10 assuage; to lay: 3. to mitigate (a. 
til.); to ulleriate; 4. to soothe; 5. to 
still; to quiet; to lull; to hush; G. to 
quell; 7. to viake vp (a dirtrrenoe, a 
niisniiderstandinsr); 8. to st^ly (hunger); 
9. to allay (thirst); to quevch; to slake. 

1. q. II. en colore, (o appeusf, (/> pacify a. o. 
Ifi^t u aitgTii. 2. ce qui est violei.l, Ui a'Iny, ^' 
aaitiage what U vhlent. ^. In douleiir ou le oha- 
grn, foi.ntugate, to alleviate ftain fir gfrrnw. 4. 
il 'alArc, tf sootde anger. 3. Id> Hots, lu still t/,t 
V^.fs ; le* vents, to still, to luli the wiiuig. ti. 
t:u ti:lliulte, tu quell a tumult. 

Aition d' , ( r. senscfi) \. appense- 
hstit; pacification ; 2. alhiyment ; us- 
ttiuiyemfiit; Qni apalse, ( F. senses) 1. 
ai^i;eafting ; 2. mitigative. Que Ton ne 
pout, saarail , ( V. senses) 1. unap- 
pe'tsable: 2. nuiitii/able. 

APAiafe, K, pa. p. V sensesof Apaisf.p.. 

Non , I. unupp-:ased ; iinpacijied ; 
2. u/imliayed ; upiix-tuaged ; 8. una- 
h-ited ; 4. viirnitigaied ; itmdleviated : 
X.. nnscothed ; 0. uit stilled ; 7. unquel- 
tfd ; S. (of thirst) umillayed ; tin- 
quenclied ; uiisltik-ed. 

S'apaiskii, pr. v. ( V. senses of Apai- 
ir.K) 1. to subside; to alxite; 2. to - 
suuge; 8. to remit; 4. to lull; 5. Qiers.) 
to become calm,. 

_ 1. I.a tenip^te *^a/--nUe, the xtorm aljate:^ sub- 
tlides. 8. Iji ficvrti *'a;>aia*', the fever remits. 4 
Le vent s^apaiae, the wind lulls. 

&/. Ap,>lgKK, CAi.MEH. Apateer is saiii of lin- 
ger, fury; calmer^ of t-motion. Subuiiss'ou a/'f7/ 
{jwiflft) us; n ray of \w^eeahne(eal^t)\:&. The 
winil a'apaite {suSsidet) ; the sea ae ca'itie (ie- 
iUJtnea calm). 

APALACIIINE [ a-pa-la-shin ] n. 
(bot) emetic hoUy ; 1 tiouth-Sea tea. 

APALANCHE [a-pa-lan-sh] n. (bot) 
(genus) muter-berry. 

APANAGE [a-pa-na-j] n. m. 1 appa- 

APANAGER [apn-naj^] r. a. to en- 
dow vidi ttn apparutge 

APANAOISTE [a-pa-na-jis-t] adj. pos- 
tussing on, appanage. 

APaN.\GISTE, n. m. prince endow- 
sJ icith an a fipitnage. 

APA KTI^; [a-par-t^] adv. (theat.) aside. 

APAUTft. n. m. (sing.), pi. , tvords 
fj >oken aside, pi. 

Un . (sing.) =, pi. 

APATIIIE [a-pa-til n. apathy. 

T>"j)ber dans I" , to become, to get, to 
j'f/w apiithetic. 

Al'ATHIQUE [a-pa-tik] adj. apa- 
utic. I 

De\eiiir , to become, to get, to 
grow =.. 

APENXINS (LES) [l-i- li-nia] g. n 
m. pi. 77(8 Apennines. \ 

APEPSIE Ja pep.i] \. t (m<yl) iy- i 
p^jiua ; i-ultgeti ri. \ 

APERCEPTION [a-pjr-sip-sion] n. 
(pliilos.) apperception. 

APEHCEVABLE [a-pir-si-vn-bl] adj. 
perceivable ; perceptible. 

D"une manicre , perceivably ; per- 

APEKCEVOIR [a.pJr-a-Toar] V. a. 1. 
to perceive ; lo see ; 2. to descry ; 8. to 
Ji.'icern; to notice; to observe; tore- 
Action d' , perception. 
S'apercevoik, pr. v. {V. senses of 
Apf.rcf.voir) I. (DE, ...) top>erceive; 2. 
(i)k) to be atcare (of) ; to be sensible 
(of) ; 3. (de) to notice (...); to take no- 
tice [of). 

Ac'ion de , perception; personne 
qui s'aperfoit, perceiver. Dont on ne 
s'aperfoit pas, sans C-tre aperfu, 1. unper- 
ceived ; 2. unoboerved ; 3. undiscerned ; 

APERFU [a-pir-iu] n. m. 1. J cursory 
vieic ; rapid glance ; glance ; glimpse ; 
2. 1 (sur, into) slight irMght ; 3. 
vieio; idea; genei-al idea; thought; 
perception; 4. hint; 5. epitome; 
compendium ; 6. estiriate utfirst sight; 
rough estimate; estimate. 
Par , at a rough estimate. 
APi;RITI-F, VE [a-p-ri-tif,i-v] adj. 
{me<\.) apierient ; aperitive; *[ opening. 
APi;KlTlF [a-pi-ri-tif] n. m. (meiL) 

APfiTALE [a-p-ta-i] adj. (bot) ape- 
talouK ; without petal. 

APETISSER, V. Rapetisser. 
APlIIi:LIE [a-ffi-li] n. m. {asir.) aphe- 

APlltRfeSE, E [n-f6-r4-i] n. (grain.) 

APHLOGISTIQUE [a-flo-jis-ti-k] adj. 

APHONIE [a-fo-ni] n. (med.) ap?io- 
ny ; loss of voice. 

APllOlilSME [a-fo-ris-m] n. m. (did.) 
Par , aphoristically. 
APIIORISTIQUE [a-fo-ris li-k] adj. 
aphori'^lic ; aphoristical. 

ID. it adj. (iiied.) ajihrodlfiuc. 

AIMIRO-NATRON [a-fro-na-tron] n. in. 
(I'liem.) carbonate of soda. 

AI'IITllE [uf-t] n. III. (med.) 1. aph- 
ihjus ulceration, sore; 2. s, (jil.) aph- 
t/.tr. pi. ; thrusli, sing. 

Al'llTIFEU-X, SE [af-teu, eu-z] adj. 
(nird.) aphtlwus. 

APIIYLLE [o--l] adj. (bot) apJiyl- 
Uy.ts; leafiess. 
API [a-pi] n. m. (bot) api. 
Poinine (f , =. 

AP1QU6, E [a-pi-ki] adj. (nav.) apeak. 
AI'IQUER [a-pi-k6] V. a. (nav.) to top. 
APITOYER [a-pi-toa-i] V. a. to more 
with pity ; to eircite, to mote tltc pity of 
S'apitover, pr. v. 1. to be moved to 
pity ; 2. (sur, . . .) to pity. 

APLANIR [a-pla-nir] V. a 1. Ito level; 
2. I to smooth; 8. || to make, to render 
even ; 4. \ to unrumjyle (what was rum- 
pled) ; 5. to remove (to cause to disap- 
pear) ; 6. (tccli.) logout. 

6. une rtifficulti, uu obstacle, to remove a dif- 
fcu'tii, an obtlade, 

Aplani, e, pa, p. F; senses of Apla- 

Non , unleveUed. 

S"aplanih, pr. V. ( V. senses of Apla- 
nir) to be removed; to disappear. 

\a% (lifficult^B ou tes obstacles ^ap!anit9ent, the 
difficulties ur < Utae/es disappear. 

APLANISSEMENT [n-pla-ni-s-man] n. 
m. 1. II levelling; 2. J making even; 8. 
II smoothing ; 4. || smoothness ; evenness ; 
5. II unritmi>ling (of wliat was rumpled); 
C. removal. 

APLATI, E [a-pla-ti] adj. 1. I flatten- 
ed ; nalted; Hat; 2. hWA.) oblate. 

APLATIR [a.pia-iir] V. a. n to flat- 
ten; to flat; 2. to strike flat. 

S'aplatir, pr. V. 11. to flatten; 2. to 
become, to get. to grow flat. 

AI'LATISSEMENT [-pia-ti-.-mfinj n. 
ni. 1. IJltitfening ; 2. 'iflatn^^s; 3. (diiL') 
cblatehess. i 

.41'LATISSEITR % ?U-tJ ir] a. =i. 1 
('cb. ) fkUUr (pen >n>. | 

APLATISSOIR [a pi.vti soar] a rc 
(iaeh.) flatter (thing). 

APLOMB [a-pi6n| n. m. \. \perpendt 
eularity ; 2. || uprightness ; 3. || equili 
brium ; 4. self-possession ; self-corn 
mand ; 5. assurance. 

D' , \ 1. perpendicular ; 2. perpen- 
dicularly; 3. upright; 4. upright/y ; 
5. J?i equilibrixim. 

APLYSIE [a-pU n] n. (mol.) aply 
sia ; 1 sea-liar e. 

APNf;E [ap-n] n. (med.) luspen 
sion of respiration. 

APOCALYPSE [a-po-ka-iip-s] n. a/o 
calypse ; revelation. 

Cheval de 1' , sorry jade ; style d' , 
obscure style. 

APOCALYPTIQUE [a-poka lip-ti-k] 
a('y. apocalyptic. 

tcrivain , apocalyptic. D'une ma- 
nitrc , apocalyritically. 

APOCATHARSIE [apo-ka-tar-.i] n. 

(met\.) purging. 

APOCO [a-po-ko] n m.f ninny; sim- 
pletwi ; -T- milk-sop. 

APOCOPE [a-po-ko.p] n. (gram.) 
apocope (omission of the last letter 

APOCRISLMRE [a.po-kri zi^-r] n. m. 
(hist. ) apiocrisia rius. 

A POCRYPUE [a-pokii-f] adj. apocry. 

Non , xmapocryplial. Livres s, 
apocrypha, pi. Dune manicre , apo- 
cry pihallq. 

AP0CYSIE [a-po-u--7i-j n. (med.) 

APOCYN [a-po-sin] n. m. (bot) apo- 
cynon ; apiooyniim. 

gobe-mouches, dog-bane; dog'B 

APODE [apod] (ioh.; apodal: feetle,3S 

AI'ODE, n. III. (\ch.) ) I pod e. 

APODIOTHJUE [u-po-dik ti-k] a<y. 
(did.^ apodittical. 

D'nnc iiianiore . apodicticallv 

APOGEE [a.po-jt] adj. (astt.)"aV it,i 

Al'OGftE, n. III. \. (:istr.) apogee; % 
% zenith: acme; meridian; height. 

AI'OGRAPIIE [a-i,-gra-r] a m. tran- 
script; copi/. 

APOLLODORE [a po-lo-do-r] p. n. m. 
(class.) Apollodorus. 

APOLLON [a-po-ion] n. m. 1. (myth.) 
Apollo; 2. (iiius.) /AeoW^o (with twenty 
strings); 3. short morning goicn. 

APOLOGi:TIQUK r-poloj*-ti-k] aty. 
1. apoloijetic ; 2. esrculpatory. 

l)"une niaiiii're , apologeiicalli/. 

APOLOGJri-IQUE, n. m. apology 
(Tort ill Man's Apology for the Christians). 

APOLOGIE [n-iK.-io-ji] 11. f. (i, to; Die, 
for") apology (<lefencc). 

Faire P de. to apologize for ; to 
make an apology for ; faire son de, 
to apologize for. 

APOLOGISTE [a-po lo jis t] n. m. ajw- 

APOLOGUE [a-p>-lo-g] n. m. apologue. 

AP0N1^;VR()SE [a-po-n.Tr6-z] n. 
(anat) ajxmeurosis ; fascia. 

(anat) ajioneuroHc. 

APOPHTHEGM E [a-pof-tig m] n. m. 

Debiteiir, faisenr d" ^s, apothegma- 
list. En forme d' , apothegmaUo 
Parler par s, to apothegmatize. 

APOPHVGE [] n. (arch.) 
rpophyge; apothesis; apophysis; e*- 
ipe ; scape ; conge. 

APOPHYSE [a-po-fi-O E (anai) 
apophysis ; process. 

coronoi'de. (anat) corone. 
APOPLECTIQUE [a po-piek U i] aifl 

(med.) apoplectic. 

APOPLECTIQUE, n m. (med.) apo- 

APOPLEXIE [apo-pUk-ii] n. (med.) 

rotulryante,/M/Hif/7ir:=; sail- 
gnine, sangitineoitsm; sereuEe, co. 
gpstive, serous =1. Attaqiie d" , aj>t> 
plectic attack, fit., stroke. I)", apo- 
plectic, fttio attaqne d' . to hare an 
ipopleetic "tri'kf; clre frajipc <i - u 
be serizeil, st'-'i'Jt' tcitli x. ; toiiibe.> on 




cu joftte; eu jeu; eu jefine; eii pcur; an pan ; In pin ; on bon ; -An brun ; *'A liq. ; *gn liq. 

U) /all dmcn in a Jit of^^ ; to have an 
iriack of-^. 

APOPSYCIIIE [-pop-si-ki] n. f. (med.) 

APOSCIIASIE [-po.-ka-ii] n.f. (surg.) 
V:x<Aidon ; scarification. 

APOSITIE [ft-p6-zi-ii] n. (med.) dis- 
ytistfor food. 

AFOSTASIE [ft-po.-t.i!] n. f. 1 apos- 

AFOSTASIEPv [apot-tazi-i] V. n. J to 

APOSTAT [a-po8-ta] adj. m. apostate; 

APOSTAT, a m. (a, to; r>E, from) 

D' apostate. 

APO^TiiME, n. m. V. Apostcme. 

APOSTEPv [a-po.-t6] V. a. (b. s.) to 
place, to put, to post, to station (for a 
bad purpose). 

des gens puur faire une insiilU a q. u., to s!n- 
tjcin men t>i insult a. o. 

A POSTEPvIORl [a-po.-tJ-ri o-ri] adv. 

(log.) ' a posteriori." 

APOSTILLE [a-poB-ti-i*] n. f. 1. post- 
script; 2. recommendation (to a peti- 

Par . in a =. 

APOSTILLEPv [a-po8-ti-i*] V. a. 1. tc 
add a postscript to ; 2. to add a recom- 
mendation to (a petition). 

APOSTOLAT [a-po.-to-ii.j n. m. apos- 

APOSTOLIQUE [a-po.-to U-k] adj. a- 

Caracture, quaiit6 , aposiolicalness. 

APOSTOLIQUEMENT [a-pos-to-li-k- 
man] adv. apostolicaUy. 

APOSTROPHE [a-po.-tro.f] adj.(grain.) 

S , = 1. 

APOSTROPHE, n. f. 1. apostrophe ; 
wldress ; 2. (b. s.) reproach ; 3. (gram.) 
apostrophe ; 4 (rliet.) apostrophe. 

Aveo 1' , (gram.) apostrophic; en 
Xrnie d' , friiet.) apostrophic. 

APOSTKOPUER [a-po.-tro-K] V. R. 1. 

>'c fpistrophizs; to addreis. 2. (jest) 
*, ito salute. 

H. M Vapostrffphu i*un conp do biiton, he Bnluted 
htit- tvilh a afr"h <i \i8 cane. 

APOSTUME, APOsTi^ME [a pojiu-m, 
^ln] n. m. (med.) 1. aposteme; impos- 
Ihume ; 2. apostemution. 

Formation dun , apostemation ; 
i'^posthvmation. D' , de la nature de 
1, apostematovs. Atteint d"un , 

APOSTUMKR [a-poa-tu.m6] V. n. 

(med.) to apostemate; to imposthii- 

APOTH:feOSE [a-po.t-6-2] n. f. apothe- 

APOTIIICAIRE [a-po-ti-kfe-r] n. m. 1. 
t apothecary ; 2. (b. s.) apothecary. 

sans Sucre, cobbler without his awl. 
Faire de son corps une boutique d' , to 
be always plu/sickina o.'s self. 



APOTOME [a-po-to-m] (alg., geom., & 
mus.) (tpotome. 

APOTRE [a-p6-tr] n. m. 1. 1 % apostle; 
2. (nav. arch.) knight-head. 

Un bon , (b. s.) a pretended saint; 
a saint. Actes des s, Acts of the apos- 
tlex ; symbole dfs s, apostolic creed. 
Faire le bon . to play the saint. 

APOZfeME [a-po-ifelm] n. m. (med.) 
r^ pr/ m. 

D" . apotemical. 

APPARAtTRE [a-pa-r^-tr] v. n. (conj. 
:it;e PARAiiRF.) 1. I to appear (to be- 
i*'-i r visible after having been invisible); 
/ J io appear (unexpectedly). 

!. \^ 8 KClre I>ii avail, {'tait apitara, the 9l>eptre 
'ii,/ .i,,p,-arl 1 a;. 

I'airc , 1. to make = ; 2. (de) to 
vro'liice. to evhViit (o.'s powers). II 
[I kf.^itrait, a ce qu'il parait, it tcould =. 



It ex- 

Ti. mill wilh -tre wlien a state.] 

APPARAT [a-pa-ra] n. m. 1. state; 
pomp ; 2. (b. s.) ostentation ; parade ; 

D' , 1. ttatc ; 2. ostentations; for 

sliow ; -3. soletnn ; 4. studied ; set ; pour 
1' ,for ostentation, shoic. 

APPARAT, n. m. vocabulary. 

APPARAUX [apa-rft] lu m. (pi.) 
(ma.T.) furniture. 

APPAREIL [a-pa-r6i*] n. m. 1. solemn, 
formal preparation ; preparation ; 
preparative; 2. attire; apparel; 3. 
(anat) apparatus ; 4. (arch.) dressing ; 
5. (:iav.) purchase ; 6. (sciences) appa- 
ratus; 7. (surg.) dressing ; 8. (tech.) ap- 
paratus; gear; gearing. 

intirieur, fitting. Lever an , 
(surg.1 to rennrce a dressing. 

Al'PARElLLAGE [a-pa-ri-ia-j*] n. m. 
(nav.) getting vnder sail. 

Faire un , to get under sail. 

APPAREILLEMENT [a-pa-ri-i-min*] 

i>.. m. 1. matching (of animals); 2. pair- 

APPAREILLER [a-p-ri-i*] v. a. 1. to 
match (lilce things); 2. (arch.) to dress. 

mal, to mismatch. 
S'ai'pareillkr, pr. v. ^ to connect o.'s 


APPAREILLER, v. n. (nav.) to sail; 
to set sail. 

APPAREILLEUR [a-pa-ri-ieur*] n. m. 
(mas.) dresser. 

APPAREILLEUSE [a-pa-ri-ieu-z] n. 

APPAREMMENT [a-pa-ra-raSn] adv. 

APPARENCE [a-pa-ran..] n. 1. ap- 
pearance; 2. show; 3. appearance; 

V.n , 1. in appearance; appa- 
rently; l.inshoio; S. colorably ; pour 
les s, for shoiD ; selon toute , to ali^ 
=: ; 2. in all likelihood. Avoir 1" , to 
hear an :=; avoir une, 1' de, to wear 
an = of; avoir une belle , to look 
well; se donner une de, to assume an 
= of; en juger d'aprOs les s, to judge 
hy=.s; prendre une , to assume an 
= ; revetir 1' do, to j)ut on the =: of. 
11 y a , it would appear so ; 11 y a , 
toute , there is evert/ =:. 

APPARENT, E [a-pa-ran,!] adj. 1. 
apparent (visible); 2. apparent (not 
real) ; ostensible ; 8. conspicuous ; 4. 
(th.) remarkable ; considerable ; 5. 
(pers.) important; of consequence. 

Non , itnapparent. 

APPARENTER [a-pa-rSn-t] V. a. to 
ally; to settle; to marry (dispose of a 
daughter in marriage). 

Tachez Je bien vntre fille, try to marry yovF 
dan^thter retijiertab'tt. 

]fctre bien apparent^, to belong to a 
llgh family ; otre mal apparent'!', not to 
belong to a high family. 

S'.vpparkntkrJ pr. v. (a id) to ally 
: i self; to marrii into a . . . family. 

[a-pa-ri-m.-iii] n. m. pairing. 

APPARIER [a-pa-ri{] V. a. 1. to pair ; 
2. to match (pairs of things). 

mal, to mismatch (pairs). 

APPARi:^, E, adj. & pa. p. V. senses 
of Apparier. 

Non , unpaired. 

S'apparier. pr. v. (of birds) to pair. 

APPARITEUR [a-pa-ri-teur] n. m. 1. 

apparitor; 2. (universities) beadle; 
yeoman beadle. 
Fonctions d' . beadlen/.- 

APPARITION {a-pa-ri'-.i5n] n. 1. 

apparition; 2, appearance (action). 

Faire son , to make o.'s appear- 

APPAROIR [a-pa-roar] V. n. + (law) to 
appear; to be apparent. 

Faire , to shotc ; to make apparent. 
II appert, it appears; it is apparent. 

APPARTEMENT [a-par-tS-man] t. m. 
1. apartments, pi. ; suite of apartmi'nts, 
rooms, sing. ; 2. drainng-room (holden 
at court). 

Un . a suite of apartments, rooms. 
Piece d'un , apartment. 

APPARTEN ANCE [a-par-tS-nin-t] n. 

APPARTENANT, E [a-par-tS-nSn, t] 
adj. (.i. to) b(>lon(iing ; appertaining. 

APPARTENIR [a-par-ts-nir] v.n. ((ionj. 
like Tbntr) 1. J (a, to) to be- ^ng ; to 
appertain; 2. * (impers.TTo pettain 

(to) ; to he {/or) ; to behoove (...); U 
become; 3. (inipors.) (a, to) tobeituk 

II apparticnl A, ( V. senses) it is Iht 
office, biiMness of. A tous ceux qu'il ap- 
par( iendra, (law) to all wliom it may co 
cern ; ainsi qu'il appartiendra, ce qu'il ap- 
partiendra, (law) as one may be advised, 

APPAS [a-pj'i] n. m. pi. 1. attractioiu ; 
2. (b. s.) allurements ; enticements. 

AppAT [a-pa] n. m. 1. I Ijait; 2. } (l- 
s.) bait; allurement ; enticement. 

Mettre V ft, to bait. 

APPATER [a-pa-il v. a. I 1. to bait; 
2. to feed ; to give food to. 

APPAUME [a-pA-in^] adj. (her.) upaxt- 

APPAUVRIR [a-pt-vrir] V. R. I fc 
empoverish ; to make, to render poor. 

Chose, personne qui appauvrlt, em- 
poverislier {of). 

S'appauvrir, pr. v. 1. to empoverish 
o.'s self; to hecmne empoverished ; to 
become, to get, to groic poor. 

inanl n. m. | empoverishment. 

APPEAU [a-pA] n. m. 1. bird-call; 2. 

APPEL [a-pel] n. m. 1. 1 caU; 2. (.1, 
to) appeal; .3. (b. s.) challenge; 4. (of 
names) calling over ; call ; 5. (of recruit- 
ing) levy; G. (com., fin.) cull (for funds); 
7. (fenc.) appeal; S. (law) appeal; 9. 
(law) calling (of a cause) ; 10. (mil.) mus- 
ter ; roll-call; 11. (mil.) ruffle (of a 
drum); 12. (pari.) call. 

nominal, (pari.) call of the Tfon,ie. 
Cour d" , (law) court of appeal ; offlcier 
d" , (mil.) muster-ma!<ter. Contenant , 
(law) appellatory ; sourd a im , dead, 
deaf to a ==; sujet a , (of a cause) ap- 
pealable. A 1' . (mil.) at muster ; d" , 
1. appellitte ; 2. (law) appellatory ; en 
, appellant; par , upon appeal; 
sans , without further appeal; m li/ 
, dont on ne pout interjctcr , vnap- 
pealable; sur , upon 'appeal. Atf 
en , (law) (tli.) to go to appeal; Ctiu 
sujet h , (law) (of a cause) to be ap 
pealable ; faire 1" , (mil.) to ni > ster ;, to 
mu.iter tip; to call over tht rniistcr- 
roll; faire T nominal, (pari.) to cell 
(the House); fairo un a, 1. to make a 
= on; 2. to make an appeal to; inter- 
jeter , (law) to lodge an appeal; pas- 
ser r , (mil.) to pans muster; repondie 
a r , to answer to o.'s name. II y a 
, (law) Vie cause is appealed; an ap- 
peal lies. 

APPELANT, E [a-ps-liin, t] adj. (law) 

APPELANT [a-pi-lHii, t] n. m. E, n. f 
1. decoy-bird ; 2. (law) appellant. 

APPELER [a-p6-M] v. a. 1. to caU ; 2. 
to call (a. o.) ; ^ to give (a. o.) a caU; 3. 
to call over (a list of names) ; 4. [ to call 
in (a. o.) ; 5. to call for (a. o.) ; 6. to ?- 
quire (a. th.); to call for ; to claim; to 
demand ; 7. (b. s.) to invoke ; to call 
dotcn ; 8. (b. s.) to summon ; 16 call up ; 
9. (b. 8.) to challenge; to call out; 10. 
to call; to name ; to term; to style; 11. 
(b. s.) to nickname; 12. (of liens) to 
chuck ; 1.3. (law) to appeal; 14. (law) to 
call (a cause) ; to call on. 

4. im nvMecin, tn call hi a ph;'iician. 5. le 
granatin, to cull fnr the waiter. 1. lies malt-die 
tions, tu call down purses. 

(on avant), to call forth; (en 
bas), to = do7cn ; (dedans), to == in ; 
(dehors), to = out ; (en haut), to =:. 
up ; (loin), to = away ; (h part), to 
=; aside. et rappeler, to call again 
and again,; ^ to = over arid otir 
again. de coto, to =; aside; t-si 
duel, to =: out. 

S', pr. V. 1. to be cal.^1 
named ; o.'s name to he...; 2, to caU , 
to style o.'s self. 

Comment vous appclez-vous ? what (-1 
your naniet Je m'appelle . . . , n;y 
name is . . . . 

APPELER, v. n. 1. J to eaU; 2. (pk 
from; A, to) to appeal; 8. (ofcata) U. 
caterwaul; 4. (of hens) to chuck; S, 
(law) (nK,from ; A, to) to appeal. 

En , i. (iftw) to appeal; 2. (A, to) 
to =. comioe d'abus, to = (to a lay 




amal; (imalc; e fue ; efove; efiito; rfje; til; ille; omol; omole; 5mort; msuc; iisflre; owjuur; 

inthoiity^ against an act of ecclesias- 
tical author it;/, on tlce jilea of an abuse 
ofpoicer. ^ II en a appolo, he has re- 
Kovered (from a severe illness). 

AI'l'KLLATI-F, VE [,i-pel-l>i-tif, i-v] 
dj. (gram.) appellative. 

Nom , (gram.) appellative. D'une 
.lianicre aiipellative, appellativeZ)/. 

Ari'KLLATION [a-pM-lH-sion] n. f. 1. 
caUiiid (action) ; 2. naming (of the let- 
ters) : 3. (law) appellation. 

Ari'ENDICE [.i-pin-di-s] n. m. 1. (of a 
book) appendix ; 2. (did.) appendio) ; 3. 
(st'icnces) appendage ; 4. (nat sciences) 

Ari'ENDUE [a.pSn-dr] V. a. to hang 
up (votive ott'erinrs). 

AI'I'ENTIS [ii-piiii-ti] n. \n. pent-house; 

Appert, ind. pres. 3d sing, of Appa- 


APPESANTIK [a-i>6-z5u-tir] V. a. 1. B 
to render, to Via^-ehe^iv)/ ; 2. to weigh 
doicn; 3. to lay lieavily ; i. % to im- 
pair; to dull. 

'2. Le sumnifil ap/iesaniU bp8 pniipi^roB, s'efp 
ncifjliB clnwii /.; e',f-(VA. 3. Dim n aiipnaiiti i:i 
nmiii snr oette rm-e iiiipi.-, GuJ liaa lai.l It'in liaud 
htavily on that itupiuiis 'ace. 

S'appksantir, pr. v. 1. || to hecome, to 
get, to groio heavy ; 2. to be tcelghed 
doicn ; 3. (sLMt, on, upon) to lie heavy ; 
4. to be impaired ; to dull ; 5. (suit, 
or*, upon) to descant ; to expatiate; to 

mau] n. m. 1. (iiers.) heaviness; 2. 
dulnes.t (^>{ unn(]). 

APPIilTENCE [a-p6-tan-8] n. (did.) 

APPjfctEU [a-p-t] V. a. (pliysiol.) 1. 
to incline to ; 2. to crave. 

APPfrriSSANT, E [a-p4-ti-8an, i] adj. 
1. 1 that ea'cites appetite ; 2. tempiting ; 

l^tre ,\.lfo excite appetite ; 2.%to 
be tem/itii}{/. inviting. 

APPl^rriT [a-p6-ii] n. m. 1. J appe- 
ite ; 2. ^~ || stomach (appetite). 

Boa ! a good appetite to you ! 
d6prav6, depraved, vitiated =; de 
cheval, ravenous =. Excitant a V , 
a}jpeU3er. Avec , de bon , icith = ; 
leartily. Avoir , del' , to have an 
= ; aigiiiscr, ouvrir 1" , to sharpen, to 
tcliet o.'s =; denu'iirer snr son , || to 
restrain o.'s =: ; donner de 1" , to give 
an = ; gagner de 1", se mettre en , to 
gel an = ; pour se uiettrc en , by way 
of appetizer ; oter, t'aire passer I" , to 
lake away o.'s =. ; perdre 1' , to lose 
o.'s = ; reprendre 1" , to get o.'s = 
again ; to recover one's =. Bon .je 
vous souliaite ! / icish you a good =. 
**^ L' vient en man<rcant, 1. || eating 
brings on =; 2. much icould have 
more. ^*^, II n'cst cliere quo d' , hun- 
ger is the liest sauce. 

APPIKN [a-pi Til] p. n. m. (class.) Ap- 

APPLAUDIR [a-pi6-dir] V. a. 1. Ito ap- 
plaud; 2. to commend; 3. (pari.) to 

8'APPi.AuniR, pr. V. (ok) 1. to ap- 
plaud o.'s self(^for) ; 2. to glory {in) ; 
8. to congratulate o.'s self (on). 

3. .In m'a/'p'aii'/ii de iiioli clioix, / congnilnlate 
nijself on r.i^t ih .IM. 

APPLAUDIR, V. n. 1. 1 to applaud; 
2. (a, . . .) to applaud ; to commend. 

2. a q. II. , i'i q. cli., Ui RM>1atid a. o., a. th. 

n. in. 1. 1 applause ; 2. 1 s, (\A.) plau- 
dits, frl. ; 3. commendation ; 4 (jiarl.) 
chesring ; cheer. 

Bruyanta s, loud applause; longs 
fi, g prolonges, (pari.) continued 
cheers. Salve d' s, J. round of =; 2. 
(pari.) round of cheering. I)', ap- 
plausive. Donner de s (a), to bestmc 
plaiulits (on) ; obtenir de grands s, to 
obtain, to get great =. 

'yn. Arri.iUniMBMKNTg, louanceb. .4 /.//- 
distementt eeni to be more projuTly appht-d to 
MrBoiiB ; luuarii/et to tiling's. Otio a/'p'aii-ftt (itp- 
'p'auiU) in pul.lio, and at tlia nioinciit wlien llic 
ATtion lakes oJocu ; me luuf ( praitvK) at hII liiii-B, 
and iindi r all rircimistnncci. AppUt'Kltifmfvtt 
iitOf*ed l.'oin a sutuiibility to the plt'fu^irc wliivh 


things afford us, and may be expressed by a simple 
yresture, a clapping of the hands ; luuanges proceed 
Irom the discernment of the mind, and can lie 
expressed only by words. We are always flat- 
tered by app'audissements, in whatever way they 
are nimiiftBted ; it is not so with tcua?tge8 ; they 
please n8 only wlien they are delicate and sinoer'^. 

APPLAUDISSEUR [a-pW-di-seiir] D. 
m. (b. s.) applauder. 

APPLICABLE [a-pli-ka-bl] adj. (a, to) 

1. applicable ; 2. apposite ; 3. relevant. 

APPLICATION [a-pli-ka-sion] n. f (A, 

to) 1. 1 application (putting) ; 2. ap- 
plication (employing); 3. application 
(bearing, reference); 4. application; 
sedidity ; 5. intentness ; 6. (did.) ap- 
plication; 7. (gild., ^oXa.) charging ; S. 
(tlieol.) application. 

Juste , appositeness ; mauvaise , 
misapplication. Force d' , intentness. 
Avec une giaiide force d" , inieitUy ; 
sans , 1. icitliout application ; 2. un- 
applied; sans diterininee, unapptro- 
priated. Eaire uue mauvaise de, to 

APPLIQUE [o-pU-k] n. f. (gild., gold.) 

PiCce (V, charge. D" .forcliarging. 

APPLlQUi;, E [a-pii-ki] adj. \. atten- 
tive ; 2. sedulous. 

Bien , 1. very ^; 2. ajiposite ; trop 
, over-bent. 

APPLIQUER [a-pU-k6l V. a. 1. 1 (sun, 
to) to apply ; to put ; to lay ; to lay on ; 

2. I (siTn. on, upon) to stick; 8. (a, to) 
to appily ; 4. (a, to) to appropriate ; to 
set apart ; 5. (b. s.) ^ to give ; to ad- 
minister ; 6. (law) to aicard (judgment); 
7. (mas.) to render. 

1. des couleiirs sur une toile, in lay cohtr8 on 
eanma. 6. Elle lui aj'pliqua un 80ufllet,$/ie gave 
htm a s'ap. 

Mai , inal a propos g, to misap- 
ply. Personne qui applique, appro- 
priaior (of a. tli.) to his use; possibilito 
d' , applicability. De manicre a pou- 
voir 6tre applique, applieably ; que Ton 
n'a pas applique, xinapplied. 

S'api'liqup:u, pr. v. 1. || (sur, to) to be 
applied, put, laid; to be laid on; 2. 
I (hvVL, on, iipon) to stick ; 3. (a, to) to 
apply (suit) ; 4. (a, to) to be apposite ; 
5. (pers.) (a, to) to apply; to apply 
o.'s self; to give application ; to apply 
o.'s mind ; to make it o.'s study (to) ; to 
set o.'s self; PW to take (to a. th.) ; 
0. (pers.) (a, to) to appropriate to 
o.'s self. 

APPOGGIATURE [a pod-ji-a-ti-r] n. 
f (mils.) appoggiatura. 

APPOINT [a.poin] n. in. 1. difference; 
odd money ; 2. (com.) appoint. 

Net , (com.) appoint. D" , odd; 
par not , per appoint. Faire 1' , to 
give, to pay the difference. 

APPOINTEMENTS [a-poin-t-man] n. 
111. (pi.) (admin.) salary. 

uleves, gros , high = ; faibles, ^ 
minces , low =. Recevoir, toucher ses" 
, to receive o.'s salary. 

APPOINTER [a-poin-t] V. a. 1. 
(admin.) to give a salary to; 2. (mil.) 
(DE, with) to punish. 

6tre appoint6, to receive a salary. 

APPORT, n. m. 1. (com.) (in i)artncr- 
sliiiis) s/tare of capital; 2. (law) sepa- 
rate personal estate (of husband or 
wife) ; 3. (law) deposit (of documents). 

Actc d' de pieces, (law) acknoic- 
ledgment of documents deposited. 
_ APPORi'ER f.vpor-t] V. a. (iw.,from ; 
A, to) 1. I to bring (by carrying) ; 2. || to 
bring (fiirnish, supply); 8. "to bring 
(have in o.'s self); 4. to bring; to 
ctnise ; to produce ; to occasion : 5. to 
employ ; to use ; to appdy ; G. to ad- 
duce; to allege; to bring forward. 

1. q. ch. a la main, s^us le bras, Bnr le d-s. In 
brinz a. th. m o.'t luin'l, uiuler a.'t arm, nii u.'a luui. 
4. I.a yieilliase apporte des inllnnites, old 'age 
brings iiiflrmitiea. 6. do la |n^canti. n, to 
tirccaulion ; un reinide a iin niul, to apply a rem- 
ed'f to an evil. 6. des bonnes raisons, /'/adduce, 
to allege goott reasons. 

(en bas), to bring doton ; (dedans), 
to =: in; (dehors), to = out ; (en 
haut), to= up; (en traversant), to = 

ensemble, to bring together. Por- 
sonne qui apporte bringer of. 

[Appoktkr muat not be confuuiided with nr-.^* 

APPOSER [a-po-2f] V. a. (i, to) 1. U 

affix ; to set ; to put ; 2. to append ; & 
to add ; to insert. 

APPOSITION [a-po-iii-siCn] n. 1 </ 
fixing; setting; putting; 2. appencf- 
ing ; 3. addition ; insertion ; 4. (grniiu, 
rhet) apposition ; 5. (sciences) app !,A- 

Faire V , to affix. 

APPRECIABLE [a rr^.i.a-bl] adj. "j/. 

APPRltCIATEUR [a-prfi-si-ateu.] U. 
m. II estimator; valuer. 

APPRftClATI-F, VE [a-nr^-.i-a-Uf, i-v] 
adj. li of estimation, valuation. 

i;tat , estimate. 

APPRECIATION [n-prf-8i-a-.ion] n. t 

1. 1 appreciation ; valuation ; estima- 
lion; 2. % appreciation ; estimation. 

APPRECIER [a-pr4-8i(!] v. a. || to ap- 
preciate; to value; to estimate; <o 

AppitECiE, E, pa. p. V. senses of Ap- 


Non , ttnappreciated. 

APPREIIENDER [a-pr6-An.d6] V. a. 1. 
I to apprehend ; \ to take up ; 2. i to 
arrest (for debt); 8. (de, de, que, 
[subj.]) to apprehend (...); to be appre- 
hensive (of) ; to be under apprehension 
{of) ; to fear (to). 

au corps, 1. to apprehend ; ^ to 
takevp; 2. to arrest (for debt). Fairo 
q. ch. a q. u., to render, to make u. o 
ajjprefiensive of a. th. 

Appeeiiende, e, pa. p. V. senses ol 

Non au corps, unappreliended. 

APPREHENSIBLE [a-pr6-iu-si-bl] ad.\ 
(did.) apprehensible. 

APPREHENSION [a pr^ -iin-sioi.l n. 1 
1. apprehension ; apprehensivaiess ; 
fear; 2. (log.) apprehension. 

Avec , with apprehension ; appre- 
hensively ; dans 1' , in =z ; apprchfji- 
sive; sans , without =^; unapprefu'ii,- 
sive. Avoir des s, to be under =; ; fr, 
entertain z=zs; etre dans 1" da, to bv 
under = of; to be apprehensive of. 

Ai'PRENAis, ind, iuiperf. 1st, 2d sing, 
of Apprendre. 

Apprenant, pros. p. 

APPRENDRE [a-prSn-dr] V. a. irreg. 
(conj. like Prendre) 1. |i (de, , to) to 
learn (a. th.); to make o.'s self acquaint- 
ed tcith; 2. to learn (a. th.): to un- 
derstand; to be informed of; to hear; 
to have; 8. || (a, d) to teach (to); 4. 9 
(A) to ajiprize (of); to acquaint (with); 
to Infonn (of). 

1 . line langne, to learn a language ; a lire, U 
leani to read. 3. Le maitre qiii lui a 'Jpprit ct 
qu'il salt, the master who taught hhn what he .^noivt. 
4. q. oh. a q. u., to apprize, fo inform a. o. of a. 
th., to acquaint a. o. with a. th. 

par coeur, to commit to memory ; to 
learn, 1 to get by heart. Qu'on n'a pas 
appris, untcnight. 

Appris, e, pa. p. V. senses of Ap- 


Non , unlearned ; mal , ill-bred; 
unmannerly ; unbred. Un mal appiis, 
an ill-bred, unmannerly person. 

Apprenions, ind. impcrf 1st pi. 
subj. pros. 1st fJ. of Apprkndre. 

Apphknxe, subj. pros. 1st, 3d sing. 

Appuennext, ind. & subj. pres. 8d pi. 

Apprenoks, ind. pros. & iinpera. Istp', 

APPRENTI, E [a-pran-ti] adj. 1. ap 
prenticed ; 2. (of attorneys' clerks, t-f 
pupils) articled. 

APPRENTI, n. rn. E, n. f 1. [ appren 
lice; 2.% apprentice; novice; tyre: 

Obligor un , to bind out an ==. 

APPRENTISSAGE [a-priin-ti-w j] u. 
m. II apprenticeship. 

Brevet d' , (sing.) indentures of ap- 
prenticeship ; indentures, [il. Eir/ 
en , 1. to be in o.'s=: ; 2. (cliez) <> f 
apprenticed (to); faire son , to serv 
o.'s=^. time; faire 1' , un de, to Sirv 
an, the = of; mettre en , 1. to ap- 
prentice; to put apprentice ; to bind 
apprentice ; to indenture; ^ to bind 
out; 2. to article (nttovnoys,' clerks, pu 
pils) ; obligor par un brevet d' . to in- 
denture; oblige par un brevet d' , in 




ott joftte; ewjeu; e^ je&ne; e& penr; dn par . Ira pin; wi bon; nn bran; *11 liq. ; *gn liq. 

dr/nted ; sortir d' , to he out of o.'s =, 

APPRftT [a-pr] n. m. 1. B prepara- 
tion; preparative; 2. affectation; 
iitiffnesn; 3. (culin.) cooking; 4. (a. & 
in.) dresting ; 5. (paint.) painting upon 

Saus , unstudied; unvnrnisTied. 
r>" , (paint.) ii/>i9/i glass. Faire des s 
(]>)nr), to make preparations (for). 

APPIifiTAGE [a-pr6-ta-j] n. m. 1. (a. 
ii m.) dressing ; %. {ianh.) finishing. 

APPIlftTE, n. F: MouiLLETTE. 

APPUfiTKK [a-prS-ti] V. a. 1. Ito pre- 
pare ; to get read;/ ; i. (d) to afford 
ir.atter (of); 3. (culin.) to cook; 4. (a. 
& m.) to dress ; to prepare. 

2. a rir(^ a'lx autres, to attbd matter of amitse- 
m'jnt to others (at one's own expens;)* 

Apprete, e, pa. p. 1. 1 prepared ; 2. 
(b. 8.) studiea. 

Non , 1. unprepared ; 2. unstu- 

S'appreter, pr. v. to prepare o.''s self; 
to get ready. 

APPR^tElT.R [a-prS-teur] n. m. SE 
[ea-z] n. f. (a. & m.) dresser. 

Appris, e, pa. p. of Apprbndre. 

APPRI VOISE.M ENT (a-pri-vci-z-man] 
n. m. \ (of animals) domestication ; tam- 

APPRIVOISER [a-pri-voa-i] V. a. 1. 1 
to tam^ (animals); 2. % to render, to 
make sociable; 3. (hunt.) to reclaim. 

Personne qui apprivoisc, tamer of; 
qu'on ne pent , untamable. 

S'appbivoiser, pr. v. 1. (of animals) 
to hecom^e. to get. to grow tame , 2. to 
become, to get, to groio sociable; 3. 
( AVBc) to familiarize one's self, to he- 
com,efainiUar {loith) ; to become accus- 
tomed (to). 

APPR(5bA-TEUR. trice [a-pro-ba- 
iur, tri-s] adj. approving; of approha- 
tiicn, approval. 

A Pl'ROBA-TEUR, n. m. TRICE, n. f. 
C] -vrorer. 

A?PROBATI-F, VE [a-pro-ba-tif, i-v] 

f\]. approving; of approbation, ap- 

\rPROBATION [a-pro-bS-.i6n] n. f. 
rpprobation ; * approval. 

Toute son , o.'s unqualified appro- 
bation. Avec , 1. hi/ =1-, % approv- 
ingly ; sans , 1. without = ; 2. unap- 
proved ; sauf votre , with suhmUsion. 
Avoir r de q. u., (th.) to have, to meet 
vMi a. o.'s = ; incliner la tOte en signe 
d' , to nod =. 

APPROCII ANT, E [a-pro-shfm, t] adj. 1. 
(de. . . .) like ; not unltke ; 2. ^ (as a pre- 
position) wear . near about; about; so. 

APPROCIIE [a-pro-sh] n. f. 1. II ap- 
proach ; coming on ; 2. (fort.) ap- 
proach ; 8. (mil.) approach ; 4. (print) 
space ; 5. (print.) closing up. 

A. V de, anx s de, at the approach 
(if; a. son , on o.''s = ; en, par , (asr., 
liort.) (of grafting) by approach. Greflfer 
par approclie, (asrr., liort) to approach. 

APPROCHER [a-pro .h6] V. a. (de, to) 
1. II to approach; to d raw near ; 2. \ to 
approach (a. o.) ; to come near ; .3. || to 
bring near, nearer; 4. to luive access 
to (a. o.) 

S".\pppociier, pr. v. 1. (de, . . .) to ap- 
proach ; to come, to draw near ; 2. !| 
I DE. to) to corns closer ; 3. 1 (de) to draw 
on, to advance {towards) ; to make up 
[to) ; 4. II (pers.) (de, to) to step up : 6. 
< (til.) .'o draw near, on ; 6. (th.) to be 
near; to be at hand. 

Ne pas , ( Fi senses) to keep of. En 
n'approcliant davantage, {V. senses) on 
tvearer approach. Qui sapproche, ( V. 
v:-nses) coming. 

APPROCHER, V. n. 1. II (de, to, . . .) 
to approach ; to draw, to come near, 
nigh; 2. (th.) (uR, . . .) to approach; 
to resemble ; to he like; to come near. 

Dont on ne peut |! , unapproach- 
ihle ; dont on n'a point appiocho || , 

APPROFONPIR [a -pro-fSn-dir] v. a. 1. 
1 to deepen; % to examine deeply, 
'.horoughZy ; to search into; to dive 

JiPPROPPJATION [a-pro-pri-A-iion] n. 

f. (a, to) 1. appropriation to o.'s self; 

2. (chem.) appropriation ; 8 (law) con- 

APPROPRIER [a-pro-pri6] V. a. (A, to) 

1. to appropriate; 2. to adopt; to 

Approprie, e, pa. p. (a, to) appro- 
priate ; suitable. 

Non (a), 1. inappropriate (to) ; 
unsuitable {to, for); 2. (law) disappro- 
priate; peu (ii), inappropriate {to); 
unsuitable {to, for). 

S'approprier, pr. v. to appropriate 
to o.'s self; to ap>propriate,. 


S''appriiprier mean? to am)ropiiate to ( ne's aelf tlie 
properly of another. S^arroger means to claim 
with haughtiness, insjlence, or scorn what is not 
one's due : it is applied to titles, privileges, or 
prerogatives. S'aUribuer mentis to pretend to a 
thing which would ra:89 one in the opinion of an- 
otlur; as, a successful invention, a great work. 
Interest leads one to s^approjtrier ; audacity, to 
a'arr^fff-r ; self-love, to a^attribuer. 

APPROPRIER, V. a. 1. to clean ; K to 
clean out, up ; 2. to put to rights. 

APPROUVER [a-prou-vd] V. a. 1. to 
approve; to approve of; 2. (admin.) 
to pass (accounts). 

du regard, to look approbation. 

Approuve, e, pa. p. approved. 

Non , sans etre , unapproved. 

i!o-n-man] n. m. 1. victualling ; 2. sup- 
ply, stock of provisions ; 3. (pol. econ.) 

Navire, vaisseau d'- -, (nav.) victualler. 

APPROVISIONNER [ n-pro-vi-zio-n6 ] 

V. a. (de, iith) 1. to victuctl ; 2. to store ; 

3. to supply (with necessaries). 
Approvisionne, e, pa. p. K sens*s 


Non , I. u7hstored ; 2. unsupplied. 

S'approvisionner, pr. v. (de) to stock 
o.'s self {with) ; to lay in a store, stock 
{of) ; to take in a suppli/ {of). 

APPRO.X:iMATI-F, VE [a-prok-si-m.i- 

tif, i-v] adj. 1. approximative ; 2. rough 
(not exact). 

I. Devis , rough estiniale. 

APPROXIMATION [a-prok-si-mS-sion] 

n. f 1. (did.) approximation ; 2. ^ roii{fh 
guess; .3. (math.) a/)/)roac7t. 

Determination par , (math.) ap- 
proxiiruition; methods des s succes- 
sives, (math.) method of approaclies. 
Par , 1. (did.) by approximation; 2. 
\ at a rough giis^s. 

ma-ti-v-niAn] adv. 1. (did.) by approayima- 
tion ; 2. ^ at a rough guess. 

APPROXIMER [a-prok-.i-m] v. a. 

(did.) to app'oximate. 

APPUI [a-pui] n. m. 1. \% support; 

2. II prop ; 8. 1 leaning-stock ; 4. 
support; protection; countenance; 
5. supporter ; prop ; staff'; 6. (of 
staircases) rail; hand-rail ; 7. (of win- 
dows)si7^; 9,. {aiXvh.)bxMress ; 9. (man.) 
appui; 10. (mech.) point of support; 
11. (mech.) (of a \e\ev)fidcrum. 

Hauteur d" , breast height ; point 
d' , 1. point of support; 2. (of a lever) 
fulcrum; 8. (rail.) hearing surface; 
4._(tech.) prop. A hauteur d' , lireast- 
high ; it 1" , 1. to support it, the^n ; in 
support of it, them; 2. in proof; in 
corro^ioration ; in confirmation ; a 
Tappui de, 1. in support of; 2. in cor- 
roboration, confirmation of ; sans ^, 1. 
J unsupported ; wipropped ; unsua- 
tained; 1. % unhefriended ; unfriend- 
ed; 3. unbacked; 4. %unurged; 5. 
(b. s.) unabetted. Avoir 1' bon, lourd, 
(of horses) to he hard-mouthed ; navoir 
point d" , to he tender-mouthed. Don- 
ner , to give support, countenance; 
solliciter 1' de q n., to make interest 
with a. o. 

Sm. Ai'pui, soDTtKN, SUPPORT. Tile appiii 
strongthfiis; it is p'aced all around an obj-ct, to 
preserve it fn.m the rude contact of other br d es. 
The siiutien bears up; it is placed under an object 
to prevent it from sinking beneath a weight. The' 
fi/'port ass'staj it is placed at one of the ends, to 
serve as a support. Figuratively, the appui hns 
refdrence to authority and force; the tontlen tn 
good standing and influence ; the support to nff-c- 
tion and friendship. In danger we would seek the 
appni of a powerful proteaor; in difficuhv, ihe 
sottticn of an influential fierson; in s.-rrow or afflic- 
tion, the support of M true friend. 

APPUI-MAIN [a-pui-min] n. m., pi. . 
{l> rest-stick ; resting -stick ; maul- 

APPUYER [a-pui.i] V. a. 1. II S to *;; 
port; to prop ; to sustain; %.ltol&v,i; 
to rest; 3. **|| to pilloio ; 4. 1 (sue, o.*, 
upon) to press ; 5. || to recline ; C. 8 tr 
support; to protect; to cou^ntenan/:'.- , 
to give countenance to; 7. to sup 
port; to strengthen; to enforce; 1 I'l 
back; 8. (sint, on, upon)' to grou-^ii 
(support); to rest; 9. (of deliberatioii'^l 
to sxipport; 10. (of deliberations) t< 

1. le coude s-ir la table, to loan <-.'< elht.t 
uTHirt tht tah'e ; q. eh. contre un mur, t'j rest a. 
th. against a loatL 4. le gen ni sur la poittiiie 
de q. u., to press w.'a knee on a. o.^s breast. 5. la 
tfile sur un oreiller, to recline o.' head on a pi tow. 

Poui ... %,for tlie support of... ; 

in support of I'eperon a un clie- 

val, to give a horse the spur. 

Appuye, e, pa. p. V. senses of Ap- 

Non , 1. II u/nsupported ; unprop- 
ped ; unsustained ; 2. unsupported ; 
unprotected ; 3. unconfirmed ; 4. ** 
unpilloiced; 5. (of deliberations) %in- 
supported; 6. (of deliberations) unse- 

S" APPUYER, pr. V. 1. II to support; to 
mtstain o.'s self; 2. 1 to lean ; to rest ; 
3. II to press; 4. || to loll; 5. || to recline; 
6. (sur) to he supported {by) ; to rest 
{upon) ; 7. (sur, . . .) to pi-ess ; to urge; 
& (sur) to rely {on, upon) ; to confids 
(in); to depend {on, itpon); to trust 
(to) ; 9. (suR, upon) to lay stress, em- 
phasis; 10. (sur, on, upon) to dwell; 
to insist. 

4. 8 ir q. u., to loll upon a. o. 8. Si voi: 
comptez sur lui, voug vous appuijez s ir un r. ee lu, 
if j/oii relv upon him, i/ou trust to a broken reel. 

fortement, 1. |to lean hard, hta- 
vUy ; 2. || (sur) to pjress down ; 3, to 
press hard; to hear hard; 4. % toi-vj 
great stress. sur un rosf.aa, to lui'ti 
upon a broken reed; 1 to trust to c. 
rotten plank. 

APPUYER, V. n. 1, 1 (th.) to rcj. 
(lean); 2. ito press; to lean; 8. (die, 
to) to keep (go) ; 4. (sur, on. upon) t) 
lay stress, emphasis; 5 (sur, t;i, 
upon) to dwell ; to insist ; 6. (mus.) to 

APRE [a-pr] adj. 1. i rugged; uneven; 
rough ; 2. || (to the touch) rough ; harsh ; 
8. II (to the taste) It^rsh ; sharp ; 4. || (to 
the taste) acrid; tart; acrimonious; 
5. (to tlie hearing) harsh ; 6. (th.) 
harsh; sharp; severe; 7. (th.) fierce; 
violent; 8. (th.) gruff; 9. (b. s.) ea^ 
ger; ardent; greedy. 

i la curce, 1. || (of animals) eager 
for prey ; 2. (pers.) eager fw gain. 

APREMENT [a-prS-man] '^v. 1. || (tO 

the touch) roughly; harshly; 2. |j (to 
the taste) harshly; sharply; 3. 8 (to 
the taste) ac/'icZ; tartly; acrimonious- 
ly ; 4. (to the hearing) harshly ; 5. % 
harshly ; sluirpli/ ; severely ; 6. % fierce- 
ly ; violently; 7. gruffly ; 8.% (h. s.) 
eagerly- ardently; greedily. 

APRES [a-pr^] prep. 1. (of place, order, 
and time) fyfe/",- 2. (^of place and ordei) 
after; next to; 3. about (doing); 4. (al- 
ter certain verbs)/or. 

2. le vestibule, next to the vestibu'e ; le 
pjfsden", next to Ihe president. 3. fctre q. 
cli., to be about a. th. 4. Attendre q. u (.) 
wait for a, o. ; s 'iipirer q. ch., to long for a. th. 

Ci- , hereafter (furllier on). D' -, 
1. (of time) after; 2. from (in eoiifii- 
rnity with) ; according to ; 3. from Qj\ 
imitation of); after. quoi, aJUf 
which, that; after; aftrncards. 

APRE9, adv. 1. (of place and ord ii) 
aftsr ; next ; 2. (of time) after : after' 
ward; afterwards; 8. ahvut (dolits;, 
a. th. ; 4. (interrogatively) what next. ' 

Et ? what then t tchat next f iu- 
mediatement , le premier , the n-cxL 

Aprks que, conj. after. 

ce s Ta fait, utter It is dune. 

[Apr^js (IL'K, denoting lulure lime, require? .i# 
future tense.] 

APRfcS-DEMAIN [a-pri-d-min] n. la 
pi. , t/ie day after to-morrotc. 

psisso. beyond the =. 




amal; a male; e'fee; efieve; itite; ^je;til' file; omol; oinole; ^mort; ?s'ic; iJsftre; owjour; 

APRfeS-DtNi) [a-pr-di-n6] n. m., pi. 

APEftS-DtXi;E, n. f, pi. s, 

APEES-DlNER, n. m., pi. , 1. a/- 
tr-dinn^r ; 2. afternoon ; 3. evening. 

i\PKES-.MIDI [a-pr4-mi-di] n. tn., pi. 
, afternoon. 

APBES-SOUPJfe [a-pr4-K>u-p^] n. m., 

Ari\*:S-SOUPE, n. f, pi. s, 

APUi;S-SOUPEK, n. m., pi. , 1. 
\f'U=)'-swpper ; 2. evening. 

A PRETi: [a-pre.t] n. 1. II rugged- 
nsss; unerenness ; roughn(4S ; 2. j (to 
lljo touch) roughness; harshness; 3. | 
(to the taste) Juirshness; sharpness; 4. 
I (to the taste) acridness ; tartness ; ac- 
rinuiy ; acrimonioiisness ; 5. | (to the 
hearing) harshness; 6. (th.) harsh- 
ness; sharpness; severitij; 7. (th.) 
fierceness; violence; 8. gruffness ; 9. 
\h,for) ^eagerness ; greediness ; t/iirst. 

APSIDE [np-si-d] n. 1. (arch.) apsis. 

APSIDES, n. m. pi. (astr.) apside.% 

ARTE [ap-t] adj. (law) (d, to) qualified. 

Non , iinqualified. 

APT|;RE [ap-ti-r] adj. (ent) apterous. 

APTERE, n. m. (ent) apter ; s, 
(I '.) tiptera. pi. 

APTITUDE [ap-ti-tu-d] n. (a, poce, 
to, for) aptitude; aptness ; fitness. 

Avoir de 1" pour, to he apt, fit for ; to 
have a taste, a talent for. 

Syn, APTiTunE, ihsposition, pkxchaxt. Apti- 
tude hag reference tn the mind ; disposition, ^> the 
temperament ; penehant, to the heart. Vaucanson 
had a remarkable aptitude for the mechanical arte ; 
Michael Angelo had a dispfsitiun to melancholy ; 
nuiny a person has a religiouR penchant. 

APUL:6E [a-pu-l4] p. n. m. (class.) 

APULIE (L') [la-pu-li] p. n. f (geog.) 

APUEEMENT [a-pn-r-man] n. m. (fin.) 
(Miditing (accounts). 

APURER [a-pu-r] V. a. 1. (fin.) to au- 
dit (an account^ ; 2. to puHfi/ (gold). 

les coinptcs, to audit. 
APYRE [a-pi-r] adj. (did.) apyrous. 
APIREXIE [a-pi-rek-si] n. (med.) 


AQUARELLE [a-konar-e-l] n. (draw.) 
\. aquarelle; icater-color ; %. painting 
iii water-colors. 

Poir.dre a 1' . to draw in water colors. 

AQUA-TINTA [a-koua-tin-ta] n. , 

AQUA-TINTE [a-koua-tin-t] n. (cngr.) 
aquatint a ; aquatint. 

AQUATIQUE [a-koua-ti-k] adj. 1. aqua- 
tic ; 2. (of a soil) icatery. 

Plante , (bot) aquatic. 

AQU:fiDUC, AQUEDUC [a-k-duk, 
-k-duk] n. m. 1. aqueduct; 2. (anat) 
aqueduct; 8. (engin.) covered drain; 4. 
(tech.) inlet. 

lateral, (engin.) (of roads) side cul- 
vert; petit , (bf roads) ci/Ze*/-*. Pont 
, aqueduct-hridge. k siphon, (of 
caiials) paddle-hole. Constructeiu- d' s, 
builder of aqueducts. 

AQUEU-X, SE [a-ken, eu-z] adj. 1. (of 
food) watery ; waterish ; 2. (did) aque- 

AQUILIN [a-ki-lm] adj. (of noses) 
aquUin^; Roman. 

Au nez , iiook-nosed. 

A(iUILON [a-ki.i6n] n. m. 1. noHh 
wind ; 2. cold wind. 

AQUIN [a-kin] p. n. HI. Aquinas. 

Thomas d , Thomas =. 

AQUITAINE (L') [la-ki-tJ-n] p. n. 
(fjoog.) Aquitain. 

AQUOSITE [a-kouo.ii-t] n. (did.) 
t.jueousness ; wateriness. 

ARA [a-raj n. m. (om.) ara. 

AKABE [a-ra-b] adj. 1. Arabian; 2. 

Chlffro , Arabic numeral, figure; 
gTaniinaire , Arabic grammar. 

AHABE, n. m. 1. Arabian (person); 
3. A rabio (language). 

Savant VEra6 dans 1' , Arabist. A 
r , en , Arabically. 

ARA BELLE [u-ra-bi-I] p. n. Ara- 
lelld : Arabel. 

ARABESQUE [a-r^M^k] adj (paint, 
rnlp.; arabesque. 

ARABESQUE, n. f (paint, sculp.) 


ARABIE (L") [la-ra-bi] p. n. t. (geog.) 

L" Diserte, = Deserta ; \' Ileu- 
reuse, = Felix ; 1' Petree, =^ Petroea. 

ARABIQUE [a-ra-bi-k] adj. 1. Arabic; 
2. (geog.) Arabian. 

Annce , (astr.) Arabic year; lan- 
gues s, = lang uages ; tables s, (astr.) 
= tables. 

ARABLE [a-ra-bl] adj. arable; till- 

Non , untillable. 

ARACIIIDE [a-ra-.hi-d] n. (bot) 

ARACIINIDE [a-rak-ni-d] n. f (ent) 

flleuse, weaver. 
ARACllNOlDE [a-rak-no-i-d] adj. 1. 

(anat) arachnoid ; 2. (did.) colncebhed. 

ARACllNOlDE, n. (anat) arach- 
noid ; arachnoid membrane; serous 
coat of the brain. 

ARACK [a-rak] n. m. arrack (spiritu- 
ous liquor); rack. 

ARAIGNliE [n-rk-gt,!:*] n. \. (ent) 
spider ; 2. cobiceh ; 8. (nav.) crmc-foot. 

de mor, (ich.) weaver. Pattes d" , 
1. I spider's legs; 2. long slender fin- 
gers ; toile d' , \. cobweb ; spider's 
web ; 2. spider-work. Aux toiles d" , 
cobwebbed ; d' , comnie une , qui 
ressemble a 1' , araneous, spider-like ; 
de toile d' , araneous; cobweb. Qui 
resseii-ble h la toile d" , araneous; 
comme une toile d" , colnceb (light). 
6ter les , to fnoeep away the cobwebs. 

ARAMER [a-ra-m] v. a. to stretch 
(cloth on tenters). 

ARANi:EU-X, SE [a-ra-n-eu, eii-z] 
adj. (did.) cobxcebbed. 

ARASEMENT [a-ra-z-m.^] n. m. (carp., 
IDB*.) levelling. 

ARASER [a-m-z6] V. a. (mas.) to level; 
to put on a level. 

ARASES [a-ra-z] n. f (1)1.) ^mas.) level- 
ling course of masonry. 

ARATOIR'E [a-ra-toa-r] adj. of hus- 
bandry; of farming. 

ARBACE [ar-ba-g] p. n. m. Arbaces. 

ARBALETE [ar-ba-U-t] n. crosa- 
how ; arbalest 

a jalet, stone-bcno. Fl^che d' , 

ARBALi;TRIER [ar-ba-!^-tri5] n. m. 1. 
cross-bowman; 2. (build.) principal 
rafter ; back. 

ARBiCLES [ar-be-1] p. n. (anc. geog.) 

ARBITRAGE [ar-bi-tra-j] n. m. 1. | ar- 
bitrution ; 2. | tvmpirage (judgment) ; 3. 
arbitration; 4 (com.) arbitration; 
arbitratio?i of exchange. 

de change, (com.) arbitration of ex- 
change. Par , by arbitration. Met- 
tre q. ch. en , soumettre q. ch. a 1" , 
to submit a. th. to =; se soumettre a 
r , (pors.) to submit to = ; s"en tenir a 
un , to abide by an =. 

ARBITRAIRE [nr-bi-trJ-r] adj. 1. arbi- 
trary ; 2. optional. 
AliBITRAIRE, n. m. arbitrariness. 

ARBITRAIREMENT [ar-bi-tri-r-man] 

adv. arbitrarily. 

ARBITRAL, E [ar-bi-trai] adj. (law) by 

Jugement , sentence e, (law) 

ARBITRALEMENT [ar-bi-tra-l-man] 

adv. by arbitration. 

ARIJITRE far-bi-tr] n. in. 1. I arbi- 
trator, ni. ; aroitress, ; * arbiter ; 2. 
umpire ; 3. disposer ; ruler ; master ; 
4. (law) arbitrator ; referee; 5. (philos.) 
arbitrament; wiU. 

Franc, lihre , 1. free will, arbitra- 
ment; 2. (theol.) //<! will ; tiers , (law) 
umpire.. rapjwrteur, (law) referee. 
Fonctions de tiers , {p\.) (law) um- 
pirage, sing. 

ARBITRif;, E [ar-bi-tr] adj. (law) ar- 

ARBITRER [] V. a. 1. to arbl 
trate ; 2. tn award. 

ARBOIS [ar-boal n. m. (bot) cytisus. 

A granpo, laournum =. 
ARB0R15, E [ar-bo-r6] adj. (bot) ar- 

ARBOREE far-bo-i^l v. a. 1. | to erect; 

to set up ; 2. to proclaim (a doctrinci , 
to declare openly for ; 3. (u&v.) t/- koisi 
(a flag). 

ARBORESCENCE [ar-ic lis-iin-t] n f 
(did.) arborescence. 

ARBORESCENT, E [ar-!-rc .ia, t. 
adj. (<iid.) arborescent. 

ARBORICULTUEE [ar-bc ri-k.J.rtl-r 
n. arboricvlture ; tree-culi'jtre. 

ARBORISATION [ar-bo-ri aoiftn] 11, 

AEBOEISi, E [ar-bo-ri-il acy. cr 

AEBORISER. v. a. to arborize. 

ARBORISTE [ar-bo-ri-.t] n. m. nur 

ARBOUSE [ar-bou-z] n. (bot) arbuU^ 

ARBOUSIER [ar-bou-zi] n. m. (bot) 
1. arbute ; arbutus ; 2. (genus) straw- 
berry-tree ; cane-apple. 

commun, strawberry-tree ; trm- 
nant, trailing arbritus ; raisin d'ours, 
bear's grape. D' , arbutean. 

ARBRE [ar-br] n. m. I.iree; 2. (tech.) 
arbor; shaft. 

fruitier, (hot) fruit-tree ; grand , 
(tech.) shaft ; moteur, (tech.) driving, 
main shaft; nain, dwarf- =; phl- 
losophique, (chem.) arbor Diana: 
vert, (bot) emergreen ; vertical, (tech.) 
xtpright shaft; propre a la construc- 
tion, timber- =; en buisson, (hort) 
bush; de couche, (tech. J horizontal 
shaft; de Diane, (eheni.) arbor Di- 
anm; en espalier, wall- =; de 
haute ivAa-W, forest- =^; timber- =.; 
de Judoe, Judas =: ; de Sainte-Lucie, 
(bot) perfumed plum,e = ; sur pied, 
standing = ; de, en i)lein vent (hort.) 
standard. Culture des s, (did.) ar- 
boriculture ; [lied d' , =:. D' , 1. of a 
= ; 2. (did.) arboreous ; sans s, treo- 
less. Croitre sur les s, 1. tt grow on 
trees ; 2. (did.) to be arboreouk ; rcsaeii- 
bler a un , 1. to resemble o r= 2 (<ilfl) 
to become arboreous ; se tenir ru grcr- 
de r , to adhere to the old. ProjtTf 
a la culture de 1' , (did.) arbor i:,uliv,r'.ll. 
Qui croit sur les s, 1. that groui on 
:=; 2. (did.) arboreous ; qui ressem! ic 
k un , 1. that resembles a =:; 2. i.r- 
boreous. Tel tel ft-uit, as the = is, ao 
is the fruit. ^:*,^ Entre 1' et I'ecorce, ii 
ne faut pas mettre le doigt, it is best r. >} 
to interfere in family quarrels. 

ARBRISSEAU [ar-bri-.] n. m. 1 
shrub ; 2. x, (pi.) shrubbery, sing. ; 3. 

Plantation d' x, shrubbery, i)' , 
plein d" x, shrubby. Dipourvu d' --x, 
unshrubbed. Purger d' x, to shrub ; 
ressembler a un , to be shrubby. 

ARBUSTE [ar-bii-8t] n. m. slirub ; s, 
(pi.) shrubbery, sing. 

Plantation d' s, shrubbery. D' s, 
plein d' s, shrubby. Depourvu d" s, 
unshrubbed. Purger d' s, to shrub ; 
ressembler a un , to be shrubby. 

ARC [ark] n. m. 1. boic (for an arrow); 
long boic ;' 2. (arch.) arch; arc; 3. 
(astr.) arc; 4. (luild.) arch; 5. (geoui.) 

celeste, d'Iris, ** arch of heaven ; 
sun-bow ; diurne, (astr.) diurnal arc; 
nocturne, (astr.) nocturnal arc; 
surbaisso, *! = ; trioniiilial, da 
triomplie, triumphal =:; -en-?iel, 
rain-bow; bow. Art de tirer de . , 
archery ; corde de 1" , bow-string ti- 
renr d' , bender; trait d' , bow- hot, 
A portoe d" . ^nthiii boic-slwt ; en 
de ccrcle, (arch.) skerc. Avoir plusienre 
cordes k son . to tiuve two strirgi tn 
o.'s bow ; bandi r 1" , to bend the bm^ , 
courbcr en, ^| arch ; dcbander at 
I to rtnbend a bow ; decrire ui. , 
(geoni.) to describe an arc; dieter I;< 
1' I 1 to unbend the bote. Voute os 
, bow-bent. 

ARCADE [ar-ka-d] n. I. .'arch.) ar- 
cade ; 2. (arch.) piazza ; 8. (u tt) 

ARCADE [ar-ka-d] p. n. tn. ArcadiiM 

ARCADIE (L) [lar-ka-dij p. n. t. (auc 
geog.) Arcadia. 

ARCADIEN. NE [ar ka-diin, J ul oAl 




oftjoute; ewjeu; ejeui.c; eiipour; dwpan; Jwpin; 5bon; wbrur.; *llliq. ; *gn !iq. 

ARCANE [a ka-n] n. m. (alch.) ar- 

AEOANSON [r-kin .on] n. m. colo- 
pJuyny ; hlack common rosin. 

AKCASSE [ar-ka-.] n. f. (iiav. arch.) 

Purre d' , transom; courbe d" , 

ARC-BOUTANT [r-boa-tan] n. ni.,pl. 
A-'jis-BOCTAXTS, 1. {avch.)Jlym{/, arched 
'niiiress ; arch-hutment; arc-boutant ; 
Toulment; 2. (pers.) prop (principal 
scpporter); stai/ ; mainstay ; 8. (carp.) 
piir ; 4 (nav.) boom; 5. (nav. arch.) 

AKC-BOUTER [ar-bou-t] v. a. (build.) 
to buttress. 

AKC-DOUBLEAU [Rr-,lou-bl6] n. m., 
pi. Akcs-douuleaux, (build.) masive 

ARCEAU [ar-.6] n. m. (build.) vaiM; 

ARC-EN-CIEL [ar kSn-.iM] n. m., pi. 
iKCS-EN-ciKL, rain-bow; low ; ** sun- 
)ow ; ** bo^o of lieaven. 

ARCfelLAS [ ar-BO-d-laj ] p. n. m. 
(cias.s.) Arcesilaus. 

ARCHAlSME [ar-ka-is-m] n. m. ar- 

AIICIIAL [ar-thai] n. m. i iron-icire. 

Fil d' , . 

AKCHAMBAUD [ar-.han-b6] p. n. m. 

ARCHANGE [ar-kan-j] n. m. archan- 

De r , qui a rapport h un , archan- 

ARCIIANOl^LrQUE [ ar-kan-j-li-k ] 

adj. arch-angelic. 

AECIIE [ar-sh] n. f. 1. + ark ; 2. 
ark (sacred place); 'i. -f (of the taberna- 
cle) ark; 4. (arcli.) arch; 5. (arch.) 

-- sainte, de Dieu, du Seigneur, 1. + 
ark of God, of the Lord ; 2. ^forbidden 
ijrcv.Kd. d alliance -f, = of tlie cove- 
nant; du tcinoignage -f, = of the 
^tiinony. En , coinnie une , arch- 
tile. IlDrs do r , out of the pale of the 

ARCIlfiOLOGIE [ar.k6-o-lo-ji] n. f. ar- 

ARCII6OLOGIQUE [ ar-ki-o-lo-ji.k ] 
ad), ardueological. 

'ARCH6OLOOUE [ar-k-o-Io-g] n. m. 

ARCHER [ar-.hf] n. ra. arcJier, m. ; 
Ooloman, in. ; archeress, f. 

ARCHEROT [ar-.h6-ro] n. m. t little 
archer (Cupid). 

ARCIIET [liT-iU] n. m. 1. bow (of a 
violin); ^ Jiddle-stiok ; 2. (of bods) 
cradling; 3. (of cradle-s) top-head; 4. 
(arts) bow; 5. (inus.) bow-hand. 

ARCII6TYPE [ar-k6-ti.p] adj. (did.) 

A RCII6T YPE. n. m. (did.) archetype. 

AECnEVfiCII^ [ar-8hS-v-alu.] n. m. 
1. archbishopric; 2.archb is/u>p"8 palace. 

ARCIIEVfiQUE [ar-8he-v6-k] n. m. 

!ii] n. ni. archchancellor. 

ARCIIIDIACONAT [nr-.hi-di-n-ko-na] 

3. m. archdeaconship (dignity); arch- 

ARCHIDIAC0N6 [ r-8hi-di-n-ko-n ] 
B. m. archdeaconry (territory). 

ARCIIIDIACRE [ar .hi-dia-kr] n. m. 
ut 'chdeacon. 

D' , archidiac.onal. 

ARCHIDUC [or..hi-duk] n. m. arch- 

ARCIIIDUCAL, E [ar-dii-du-knl] adj. 

ARCHIDUCII6 [ar-.hi.du..h*] n. m.l. 
archdukedom (dignity, jurisdiction); 2. 
Crchduch)/ (territory). 

ARCHIDUCIIESSE [ar-.hi du-ihe-.] n. 
I. archduchess. 

AECHIItPISCOPAL, E [nr-.hi--pI.. 
ic-pal] adj. archiejdscopal. 


a. va. archiepiscopaci/. 

AECIIIFLATTEUR [ar-jhi-fla-teur] n. 
uj. arohflatterer. 

AEOHIFOir [ar-.hi fou] n. TO 1 arch- 
fool; great fool. 

ARCIIILOQUE [ar-.lii-lo-k] p. n. m. 
(c! ArchUochus. 

AECIIILUTII [ar-.hi-lut] n. m. (mus.) 

ARCIIIMANUEITAT [ar-slii-man-dri- 

tal n. in. archimandrite's benefice. 

'archimandrite [ar-.hi-n,an-dri-t] 
L. in. arcliimandrite. 

AECIIIMEDE [ar-.hl-me-d] p. n. in. 
(elas.s.) Areti-medes. 

AROHINOBLE [ar-8hi-no-bi] adj. (jest.) 
most noble; of tho highest order 0/ no- 

ARCTIIPEL [ar-shi-ptl] n. in. (geog.) 

L' , the Archipelago. 

ARCHIPOMPE Ur-shi-pon-p] n. f. 
(nav.) 1. well; 2. well-mimpj. 

pres-bi-t-rnl] adj. 0/ an archpresbyter ; 

ARC1IIPRESBYT]=:RAT [ar-hi-prJa- 
bi-t-ni] n. in. archpresbytery. 

AECIIIPR^TRE [ar-8hi-pr6-tr] n. in. 
archpy-esbyter ; archpriest. 

ARCTIIPRTR6 [ar-shi-pri-tri] n. ni. 

ARCIIITECTE [ar-hi-tek-i] n. in. ar- 

dps jardins, artist in gardening. 
ARClilTECTONIQUE [ ar-shi-tek-to- 

ni-k] adj. (did.) architectonic. 

tck-to-no-gra-f J n. m. writer on architec- 

i5k-to-no-gra-f i] n. f. treatise on architec- 

ARCHITECTURAL, E [ar-.hi-tik-iu- 
ra!] adj. architectural. 

ARCHITECTURE [ar-Bhi-tik-ti-r] n. 
f. architecture. 

o^va]e, pointed =^. 
ARCHITRAVE [ ] n. f. 

(arch.) architrave. 

ARCHITRiCLIN rar-.hi-tri-klin] n. m. 
(Rom. ant.) arcldtru-linus. 

ARCHIVES [ar-.hi-v] n. f pi. 1. ar- 
chives, pi.; 2. records, pi.; 8. record- 
office, sing. 

D" , des , archival. 

ARCHIVISTE [ur-.hi-Ti-.t] n. m. 1. ar- 
chivist ; 2. keeper of the records. 

AECHIVOLTE [ar-.hi-vol-t] n. f (arch.) 

ARCIIONTAT [ar-ksn-ta] n. m. (Gr. 
hist.) archonship. 

ARCHONTE [ar-kon-t] n. m. (Gr. hist.) 

ARCHOSYRINX [ar-ko-i-rink.] n. f 
(med.) fistula in ano. 

ARCHUEE [ar-,hu-r] n. r. (mill.) drum. 

AEQON [ar-.on] n. ni. I. saddle-bow ; 
icither-band ; 2. (arts) boic. 

Etre ferine dans, sur ses 8, 1. || to sit 
firm in o.'s saddle; 2. % to be stanch 
to o.'s principles ; ^ to be true blue; 
pei-dre les s, 1. ! to he thrown from 
o.'s horse; to he unhorsed; 2. to be 
nonplussed, disconcerted ; vider los 
s, II to be throion from o.'s horse ; to 
be unhorsed. 

ARCTIQUE [ark-ti-k] adj. (geog.) arc- 

AECTUEUS, AECTUEE [ark-tu-ro., 
tu-r] n. m. (astr.) arctunis. 

AEDASSINES [ar-da-.i-n] n. (pi.) 
ardassines (Persian silk). 

AEDELION [ar-d4-ii-6n] n. m. X med- 
dler ; 1 bus)/-body. 

AKDEMMENT [ar-da-man] adv. 1. 
ardently ; 2. fervidly ; 3. intensdy ; 
vividly; 4. sanquinely ; 5. earnestly; 
eagerly; quickly; 6. spiritedly; 7. 

AEDENT, E [ar-dan, t] adj. 1. || burn- 
ing ; * ardent; * fervid; 2. B hurtling 
hot (that communicates heat) ; 3. || hot- 
steaming ; 4. ardent; 5. % fervid; 6. 
intense; -vivid ; 7. sanguine; 8. 
(pour, for) on fire; earnest; eager'; 
quick ; 9. spirited ; 10. * soaring ; 
11. longing; 12. (of candles, lamps, 
torches, &c.) lighted ; 13. (of hair) red ; 
14. (of horse\^eri!/ , spirited ; mettled ; 
mettlesome '5. (nav.) (of vessels) grip- 

bcsir s, 1. longing ; 2. anxiety ; 

anxiousneM. Non, p<?u , {F. cuxta 
1. unsanguine ; 2. itnquick. 

AEDENT, n. in. ignisfatuvs; 5 -' ' * 
o'-lantern; *l Will-o'-the-wisp, 

ARDER, v. n. t V. BkCli s. 

ARDEUE [ar-detr] n. f 1. II Aat(.|aHh 
ty of burning); mor,- ardency , fw 
vor ; 2. d heat; hurtling; butnin'i 
heat; 3. ardor; ardency; i % fer- 
vor ; fervidness ; fervency ; 5. ia 
tensity ; vividness ; 6. sanguinenen^ , 
1. earnestness ; eagerness ; qi. ickness, 
8. spirit ; spiritedness ; 9 (of iiorso,) 

Excis d' , ( V. senses) over eagernefi , 
manque d' , ( V. senses) sjiiritlessnesa 
Plein d' , ( V. senses) 1. spirited , 2. (o( 
horses) high-'mettU'd. Avec , (V 
senses) 1. spiritedly; 2. riridly . 8. ar 
dently ; passionately; t .'of horoni 

AEDILLON [ar-di-iOL*i fi. m iot v 
buckle) tongue. 

II n"y manque pas an , all u coni 
plete ; there is nothing wanting 

AEDISIE [iir-di-si] 11. i; (boL) 'irrtwUi 

AEDOISE [ar-doa--.] 11 ( slatt.. 

de toiture, roof =. (.larrltTt d - 
= -quarry; couvn-ui en .slater tol 
tureen , slating l)'- slaty ronvrl- 
d' , en , to slate. 

ARDGISlfc, E !a. .kio-!!*) adi -^late 
colored ; slaty. 

ARDOISEE U< Uuii-263 r. a. ics'i*- 

AEDOISIEEK [ai doa^zl-c-rjn f slati' 

AEDRE, V. u, t V. Be6ij!i. 

ARDU, E [w-dnj ac^j. ttrducu- 

Nature e, urUU(>usness 

ARE [a-r] n. m. are (liyttii4' sc^uare 

AREC, ARiiCA [a-rJk, a rs-kaj ti. HI 

(bot.) arec ; areca. 

d'Amcriqne, cabbage-tree ; dos 
Indes, meridional areca. Notj: d' , 
1. oreca-nut; betel-nut; 2. nu-iJio- 
nal =.. 

AE6F ACTION [a-r6-fak..idn] n. (d).'.) 

AEENACE, E [a-riS-na.*] adj. (nat. 
hist) arenaceous. 

AEENATION [a-r6-iia-.ion] n. f (med.) 

AEENE [a-rJ-n] n. 1. ** Sand; 2. !! 
arena (amplatheatre) ; 3. (for cock-flght 
ing) cockpit; 4. (geol.) arena. 

AEENEU-X, SE [a-ri-neu, eu-2] adj. t 
** sandy ; arenose. 

ARliOLE [a-rs-o I] n. (anat.) 1. are<h 
la ; 2. (med.) areola. 

AEl50.Mi:TEE [a-r6-o-mJ-tr] n. m. 
(phys.) areometer. 

AR.I!;0M6TRIE [a-rdo-m^-tri] n. f. 
(l)hys.) areometn/. 

AREOMETRIQUE [a-ri-o-m6-tri.k] 
iidj. (pliys-) areometrical. 

AEliOPAOE [a-re-o-pa-j] n. m. 1 

AEI^;oPAGITE [a-rf-o-pa-ji-i] n. m. 

AR^:08TYLE [a-r<s-o-.ti-l] n. m. (arch.) 
ar cost I lie. 

AEEOTECTONIQUE [a-r-o-tek-to 
ni-k] n. (sing.) ureotechtonics (attack 
and defence of fortified places), pi. 

AEliOTIQUE [a-r^-o-H-k] u. in. & alj. 
(med.l areotic. 

AEftTE [.^-r-t] n. 1. fish-hone, 
bone; 2. skeleton (of a fish) 3. (bot.^ 
awn ; heard ; 4. (build.) a77-is ,"5. (geog.) 
foot (of tlie side of a chain of moun 
tains) ; 6. (geom.) corner ; edge ; 1. (mw.', 

saniante, (of prisms) edge ; vIve , 
(build.) arris; draught, droned erigt 
de poisson, 1. fish-bone; 2. ("irc'j,', 
herring-lK \e work. A vivo , (build, 
sharji-edge^'' ; avec abattue, or ciseau 
(carp.) cant; canted. 

.\R6THUSE [a-r6-tu-.] p. n. (mytluj 

AEETIEE [a-rft-ti] n. ui. (arch.)A!:^ 
AROALA [ar-ga-la] n. ill. (oTU.) httrgil 
ARGAtI [ur-ga-iij n. m. (mam.) ar 


de Siborie, =. 

ARG.VNEAU, n. in. V. ORa.Kyt.AV 
AKGfiE [ar-gb<;] p. n. m. Arge'Mi 




a msl; d male; e foe; e feve; e Kte; <? je; ill; 3 ile; . Jioi; 6 mole; 6 mort; zt sue; ij sure; ou Jonr; 

ARG:6M0NK [ar-jf-mo-n] 1. f. (bot.) 

irgemotie ; ^ pricJdy poppy. 

ARGENT [.ir-jin] n. m. 1. silver 
[i loial) ; 2. s7c?;' (sih or coin) ; 3. money; 
1 1[ money in liand; 5. (colll.^ caish ; 
r\ ady moiiey ; G. (her.) arqevi , jiearl. 

battn, silter-leuf; blanc, = ; = 
a fi ; coni]itant, cash ; ready mo- 
ny; doro, = -ffilt; dormant, 
o. jrt, money lying dead ; un fou ^, 
Ic'.-i of money ; mi^non, ^ money 
saved up; monnayo, coin; coined 
r,wney ; orfcvre, xcrouglit =; 
louge, (inin.) z^ -glance ; sec, ^ mo- 
ney in hand; vif , vif, quick- ^^. 

d'AlIemagne, Gennan = ; en 
caisse, (com.) cas?i in hand ; entre 
les mains, money in luind ; de P a sa 
disposition, command ofcaf>h. Affaire 
d" , money-matter ; batteur d" , = 
heater; bourreau d' , spendthrift; 
"euilles d' , = -leaf; pigne d' , pena 
:=; preteur d' , money-lender ; sac ii 
, money-lug ; sac d' , hag of money ; 
valeur de 1" , money's tcorth. Comme 
' , 1. like = ; 2. sitverly. Au croissant 
r , (her.) argent-horned; a pomme 
d" , ^ -headed ; a tcte d' , ^ -eyed ; 
avec la coulour de 1' , silverly ; d" , 1. 
o/"= ; 2. of money ; 3. silvery ; 4. (her.) 
argent; en , 1. in 'inoney; 2. moneyed; 
Bans , 1. tcithout ^; 2. uithout mo- 
ney; 3. un moneyed ; moneyless. Ar- 
racher de 1" a q. u., to get money from 
a. o. ; avoir de 1 , to have money; to 
he worth money; \ to be a moneyed 
man; en avoir pour son , to have o.'s 
money's icorth ; avoir de 1' en caisse, 
to luive money hy o. ; avoir de I' sur 
aoi, to have money about o. ; etre brouill(5 
dvec r coinptant, If never to liuve any 
ready money ; convertir en , to con- 
vert, ti turn into cas/i^ money ; etre 
Uj'Jt cuxu d' , to roll in riches; ^ to be 
made of money ; etre Icger d' , to he 
thort of' cash ; faire do tout, to turn 
e>.ery tiling into money ; faire, raniasscr 
de r , ^ to make mony ; gagner de 
T , t<> earn, ^ to get money ;'jeier son 

par la fenctre, to thraw awayo.'s mo- 
ney ; to throw o.'s money into the dirt ; 
1/icher de I" . {3^ to come doicn ; man- 
ger son , (1). s.) to sp/end, to squander 
o.'s money ; mettro de bon contre du 
niauvais, to throto aicay good money 
after bad; monte en , rrn -mounted ; 
placer do I' , to put money out ; to put 
rnmiey out at interest; prendre q. eh. 
pour cornptwnt, to take a. Pi., for Gos- 
jiel ; rapporter do 1' , to bring in mo- 
ney ; to fetch inoney ; recevoir, toucher 
de I" , to receive money ; faire rentrer 
ie I" , 1. (com.) to get in money; 2. 
(fin.) to call inmon^j ; rctirerde 1" de 
la circulation, (tin.) to call in money; 
trouver de T , 1. to find money ; 2. ^ to 
raise nioney. ;^*^ fait tout, money 
makes the mare go ; **:,: c'est de 1" en 
barre, it is as good as gold; ;^** 
comptant porte mcdecine, money is a 
cure for all sores. ,^*^ Point d' point 
de Suisse, no longer pipe no longer 

AEOKNTAI.^ E [ar-jan-tal] adj. (did.) 

AKGENTATE [ar-jan-ta-t] n. m. 
(ch.-m.) argentate. 

AKGENTJS;, E [ar-jan-w] adj. \. plated; 
i'Uoered; silvered over; 2. silver; 
t'.ivery ; 8. * argent. 

Non , I unsilvered. Des chevcu.x 
d"jn grfs , sil/rery hair. 

AliGENTEK [r.jan-l] V. a. 1. \ to 
plate; to silver; to stiver over; 2. ** 
to silver (whilsnY 

A i:0 ENTF. Ill E [ar jan-t-ri] n. f. sUver- 
fliit^; silver; jilate. 

rice* i" , piece of plate. 

A KG EN ri:;UIl [a'r.jan-tcir] n. m. (a. & 
u:.) Milrerer. 

AKCENTKIT-X. SE [ar-jitn-lBU, euz] 
vii. Z^W mouei/ed. 

AltGKNTIEiJ [ar.jM-ii/-] n. m. t 1. 
'.reaiurer ; 2. minixier nt' finances. 

ARGENTIFfelJE [r'] wlj. 
.lid.) argentiferouK. 

AlidKNTIN. E rr JKfiiin, 1 ii] ndj. '. 

t^rt'l,: Milter; ** argentine ; 2. (of 

sound) silvery ; silver-toned ; 3. (paint) 
silvery ; silver. 

ARGENTINE [ar-jan-ti-n] adj. f (geog.) 

ARGENTINE, n. f. 1. (bot) argenti- 
na ; argentine; ^ silver-u-eed ; *{ zcild 
tansy; 2. {ich.) argentina ; argentine- 
*{ silver fish. 

ARGENTURE [ar-jan-tn-r] n f. (a & 
m.) .silvering. 

ARGILACi;, E [nr-ji-la-] adj. (did.) 

ARGILE [ar-ji-I] n. f. 1. cUty ; argil; 
2. clay (material part of man). 

apyre, ro fractal re,^re-c^(/y ; com- 
pacte, tenacious =; ; endurcie, = 
-stone; scliisteuse, slate- =; metal- 
stone. ii porcelaine, China- =. Potrir 
r , to knead, to icork ==. Fait d" , 1. 
made of=L ; 2. (did.) fictile. 

AROILEU-X, SE [ar-ji-leu, eu-z] adj. 
clayey ; clayish. 

Marnc ar'dleuse, clay-marl; schiste 
argileuse, clay-slate ; ten-e argilease, 
clay-ground, land. 

ARGIEi:fcRE [ar-ji-Ii-i-r] n. f. clay-pit. 

ARGILIFERE [ar-ji-U-f6-r] adj. (did.) 

ARGILOLITIIE [ar-ji-lo-li-t] n. m. 
(geol.) clay-stone. 

ARGO [ar-go] n. in. (astr.) Argonavis. 

Le navire , (astr.) =:^ 

ARC GLIDE (L') [lar-go-U-d] n. (anc. 
geog.) Argolis. 

ARGONAUTE [ar-go-n6-t] n. m. 1. 
(Gr. ant) Argonaut; 2. (conch.) argo- 
nauta; 3. {mo\.) nautilus. 

Le vaisseau des s, (astr.) Argo navis. 

ARGOT [ar-go] n. ni. 1. cant (language 
of certain professions); 2. cant; slang. 

ARGOT, n. m. (hort) dead wood (over 
an eye). 

ARGOTER Far-go-td] v. a. (hort) to 
prune the dead wood (over an eye). 

AKGOUSIN [ar-gou-iin] n. m. convict- 

ARGUE [ar-g] n. f. (tech.) 1. draw- 
hench (for wire) ; 2 draw-room (for 

ARGUER [ar-gu-] V. a. t ?o accuse. 

ARGUER, V. n. \.(Dn,from)to argue ; 
to infer ; to draw an inference ; to con- 
clude ; 2. (de, ...) to urge. 

ARGUMENT [ar-gu-man] n. m. 1. ar- 
gument; 2. arguing; 3. argument 

fort, strong argument ; en forme, 
formal =^ ; = in form ; ad liominem, 
'' argumentum ad liominem." Comme 
, par , argumentatively. fitre un 
pour, (til.) to be argumentative cf; 
faire, presenter un , to adduce, to ad- 
vance an =. 

ARGUMENT A NT [r-g-man-tai)] n. 
m. (schools) arguer. 

A UGUMENTATEUR [ar-gu-man-ta- 

teur] n. ni. (b. s.) arguer. 

A RG UMENTATION [ar-gu-man-a- 
sion] n. f. argumentation; arguing. 

Comtne , argumentatively ; d' , 
argumental; argumentative; par , 
by argument; argumentatively. Dis- 
pose a r , argumentative. 

ARGUJIENTER [ur-g.i-man-lf] V. n. to 
argue; to hold a7i argument. 

Dispose a , argumentative ; seniet- 
<je a , to begin to argue; to become 

ARGUS [ar-gu] n. m. 1. 1 Argus; 
2. (rnt) argris; blue; 3. (orn.) argus. 

ARGUTIE [ar-gu-.i] n. f. quibble. 

Faire des s, to quibble. 

AI{(iUTIEU-X, SE [ar-gii-.i-eu, ed-.] 
adj. quibbling. 

ARIIVTIIME ra-rit-m] adj. (mod.) (of 
the pulse) irregular. 

ARIANE, ARIADNE, p. n. f. 1. 
(myth.) Ariadne; 2. (astr.) Ariadne. 

ARIANISME [a-ri-B nl-tin] n. Ml. OW- 


ARICIE ''a.ri-ii] p. n. f. (anc. geog.) 

AIMDE [ari d] adj. 1. | arid; dry; 
2. barren ; nnfrvilful; ^.unfeeling. 

A I! W'ttK [alri-drj p. n. in. (class.) Ari- 


AivIDITl^. [a ridi-tl n. f. MS arid- 
ity; dryness; 2. $ uarrtmness ; un- 

fruitf Illness ; 8. unfeelingness ; hcri 
wes (of heart) ; 4. (theol.) aridity. 

ARIDURE [a-ri-du-r] n. f (med.)rtM. 

ARIE [a-ri] p. n. f. (anc. geog.) ArUl. 

ARIEN, NE [a-ri-in, i-n] a.lj. AHan. 

ARIEN, n. m. NE, n. (eccl. >!&.( 

ARIETTE [a-rifi-i] n.f. (rnna.) nHcti.l, 

ARILLE [a-ri-i*] n. t (bot) 1. w<l>; 
2. aril; seed-coat. 

ARIOBARZANE [a.ri c-bar-ra n] J, r. 
m. (class.) Arioharzanes 

ARIOSTE (L-) [la-rU.i] p. u m. Aii- 

ARIOVISTE [a.ri-o-.-8t] p. n. m. Ari- 

ARISTARQUE [a-rinar-k] p. n. m. 
(class.) Ari.starc/nts. 

ARISTARQUE [-.u tar-k] n. m.arie- 

ARISTAE [a-ris-K^] p. n. m. (class.) 

ARISTIDE [a-ri.-ti-dl p. n. m. (class.) 

ARIST'iPPE [a-rU-ti-p] p. n. m (class.) 

ARlSTOnULE [a-ri.-to-bn-!] p. n. m. 
(class.) Aristobulus. 

ARISTOCRATE [a-ris-to-kra-t] adj. 
aristocratic (liking aristocracy). 

ARISTOCRATE, n. m. f aristocrat. 

ARISTOCRATIE [a-rU-lo-kra-.i] n. 

ARISTOCRATIQUE [a-rij-to-kra tiki 
adj. aristocratic. 

Caractore , ari,ftocraticalness. 

kra-ti-k-man] adv. aristocraticaUif. 

ARISTOCRATISER [a-rii-to-kra-U i*] 
V. a to render aristocratic. 

ARISTOCRATISER, v. n. to proflft 

ARISTO'Di:ME [a-ru-to-d4-n] p. a TU, 
(cliiss.) Aristodemus. 

ARISTOGITON [a-ri. tc-j!-tn] p. u m. 
(class.) Aristogiton. 

ARISTOLOCIIE [a-ri, t:-I; il] n. (; 
(bot) aristolocliia ; \ bii th-wort 

serpentaire, black, Vi. -ginia snake ' 

ARISTOPHANE [a-rji-to-fa-n] p. n. m 
( Aristophanes. 

ARISTOTE [a-rU-to-t] p. n. m. (class.) 

ARIST0TLICIEN, NE [a-rU-t. </ U- 
si-in, 4-n] adj. Aristotelian. 

ARIST0T6LIC1EN [a-rU-to-lMi-.i-in] 
n. in. Aristotelian. 

ARISTOT^LISME [a-ri,] n. 
m. Aristotelianism. 

ARITIIM6TICIEN [a-rit-m-ti-,iin;| 
n. m. NE [c-n] n. f ariOnnetician. 

ARITII.MCTIQUE [a-rit-m(S-ti-k] adj. 

ARIT1IM6TIQUE, n. t arithmetic. 

universelle, universal, literal-.-; 
algebra. Cahier d" , ciphering-book. 

k-niAii] adv. arithmetically. 

ARIZARUM [n-ri-za-ro.n] n. m. (bot.) 
friar'' s cincl. 

ARKHANGEL [ar-kan-jM] p n. Arch 

ARLEQUIN [ar-if-kin] n. m 1. harle- 
quin; 2. (orn.) spotted redshank. 

Faire des tours d' , to harlequin, 

ARLEQUINADE [.r-U-ki-na-d] n. I 

ARMADA [ar-nia-da] n. armad,i 
(Spanish fleet). 

ARMADILLE [nr-maUi i*] n C f?~,l 

AKMADILLO [arma di-io*] n. II 
(maiM.t arniddillo; iatou. 

AKMATKUi: [ar-ma.l|.ur] n. m. 1. OWl 
er of a privateer ; 2. (com. ruv.) JA 
ter out; 8. (com. na\.) ship-oifiiir , 

proprit^taire, (com. nav.) "'np-o-um- 
er : oirner. 

ARMATURE [at ira-t.i 1 J n. 1. (mlli 
brace ; fencing ; 2. (tecli.) tres-vint,. 

ARMK [ar-m] n. f. 1. J !<,(id ^ arms 
(offensive or defensive), pi. ; 2. I j wea- 
pon ; 3. J s, (pi.) troofis; 4. war, 
rcarfare; T>. s, {\>\.) fencing fi. (l>c'-' 
weapon ; 7. s. (pi.) (her.) arms, dI 




oil joiitc; eiijeu; (Siijeunc; eiipeur; t^paii; wpin; wibon; mw brun; *11 iiii. ; *gn liq. 

laxHnff, sing.; 8. a, (pi.) (her.) eo^ 
armor; coat of arms; * emhlazonry ; 
9. s, (j)!.) (her.) (of persons deceased) 

8 blanches, side-arms; s cour- 
bois- s, ^ of courtestj, parade ; s do- 
fttn -Ives, defensive ^=\ =. of defence; 
fa thaascs, (her.) irregular =: ; nionues 
6, amall =; meurtrifire, deadlij 
VS^y/pon; oflfensivc, offiennive tcea- 
Vcn ; weapon of offence ; s parlantes, 
'j>l,) (her.) allusits, canting heraldry ; 
aa bras ! (mil.) mipport = ! s a en- 
querre, (her.) irregular =: ; s a feu, 
Jire- := ; d'liast, weapon with a staff; 
de jet, missile weapon ; missile ; 
dc trait, missile iceapon ; missile. As- 
saut d' s, fencing match; capitaine 
d" 8, (nav.) master at = ; coffre d" , 
(nav.) arm-chest; cotte, jaque d' s, 
(her.) coat of = ; faisceau d" s, (mil.) 
pile, circidar pile of =^; fait d' s, 
feat; homme d' ,manat=^\ liui.ssier 
d' , (pari.) sergeant at = ; maitre d" s, 
fencing-master ; pas d' , pass, pas- 
sage of ::=^; placed' , place of ziz; port 
d" , 1. carrying =. ; 2. shooting license ; 
license ; salle d' s, 1. armor;/ ; 2. fenc- 
ing-school ; tireur d' s, fencer. Ilaut 
'.es s! (mil.) lodge =:\ les s a la main, 
1. in =^; 2. zcith = in o.'s hands. A s 
parlantes, (her.) esrcmplar;/ ; anx ! to 
=: .' avec s et bagage, ^ irith hag and 
baggage; en s, (mil.) in =.; par la 
force des s, hyforc of^ ; sans s, 1. 
unarmed; * armless ; 1. weaponless ; 
Miweaponed ; sous les s, 1. under = ; 
J. (of women) dressed up. fttre au 
lort d' s, (mil.) to carry = ; 6tre bien 
sous les , to have a soldier-like ap- 
pearance; faire, tirer des s, to fence; 
faire de tout, to make a weapon of 
everything; faire scs premieres s, to 
^erv'e o.'s first campaign ; se frayer un 
nhemin par la force des s, se fiayer un 
obemin les s h la main, to fight o.^a 
ttay ; se lever en , to rise in = ; mcttre 
biks les s, to lay down o.'.i =: ; pa.sser par 
loB 9, 1. to he put to the sicord, to the 
r^lgi rf the sword; 2. to he shot ; faire 
L>aisor par les s, 1. to put to tlie sword, 
to the edge of the sicord ; 2. to execute ; to 
eftcot; poiter les s, (mil.) to hear = ; 
por'nr des , I. (mil.) to carry = ; po- 
ser les .s, to lay down o.'s =r ; prendre 
les s, to take up = ; prendre les s 
contre, (law) to levy tear against ; pre- 
senter les s, (mil.) to present =:; ron- 
dre les s, to lay down o.'s = ; reposer 
les 8, (mil.) to ground =.. Portez s ! 
(mil.) shoulder =:! presentez s! (mil.^ 
present =^ ! reposez vos s ! (mil.) 
ground = 1 *** Les 8 sont.journaliorej 
the fortune of war is uncertain. 

AUMfi, K [liT-mi] adj. 1. armed; f 
(her.) armed ; 3. (phys.) (of the magnet^ 

en guen-e, (nav.) armed. A main 
- e, hi/ force of arms. 

ARMtE, n.'f. 1. army; 2. -f ** fw-it; 
3. navy; sea forces; fleet; 4 (nav.) 
fleet (of 27 or more ships). 

Grande , large army ; navale, de 
tner, 1. nainj, sing.; namd, sea forces; 
fleet; 2. (nav.) fl-eet (of 27 or more 
ships); navale de T^tat, //m, Ifer 
Majesty's fleet; permancnte, stand- 
ing =. ; de siege, besieging = ; de 
terre, land force. Agent pour V , = 
agent ; corps d' , main hod.y of troops; 
rtuiin hody ; fournisseur de 1' ,r=-con- 
y^actor. Armer, equiper une navale, 
^f.t out a fleet ; entrer dans Y , to en- 
\y the = ; etre k \' , to be in the =^ ; 
F,ije partie de 1" de...,Jo serve in 
r."!* arm;/, ranks of... . 

J12MELINE [ar-ms-li-n] n. f. ermine 

AEMKMENT [ar-n.-man] n. m. 1. ar- 
'Mj,m<..ii.i. ; 2. arming ; 3. accoutrements, 
pi. ; 4. stand of arnu ; 5. (nav.) equip- 
inent; fitUng out 

fttre en , to lie fitting out, getting 
readi/ for nertice. 

.\R.\lfeNIK (L') riar-m-ci] p. n. f. 

leeuL'.) Armenia. 

AUM15;NIEN, NE [.,, iBtm-in, e-..] adj. 
^niitv, Ian. 

AEM^NIEN, n. m. NE, n. f. Arme- 

ARMEE rsr-m^] V. a. (de, with) 1. B 
to arm; 2. to provoke ; 3. to fortify 
(with courage); to rouse; ^ to set; 4. 
to heel (cocks) ; 5. to cock (fire-arms) ; 6. 
(artil.) to arm; to mount (a battery): 7. 
(phys.) to arm (a magnet): 8 (nav.) to 
equip; to fit out; 9. (nav.) it m-an (a 

de toutes pi6ces, to arm at all 
points. tre arme de toutes pieces, to 
be fully accoutred ; de pied en cap, 
to = cap a pie. 

S'ak.mer, pr. v. 1. ) (iiK, with) to arm, 
o.'s self; 2. || to arm ; to take up arms; 

3. (contre, against) to secure o.'s self; 
to provide ; to take o.'s precaution's; 

4. I (de, with) to provide o.'s self (with 
a. th.); 5. (de, with) to strengthen o.'s 
se{f; 6. (de, . . .)to summon up. 

AKMEK, v. n. || 1. to arm; 2. (man.) 
to arm ; S. (nav.) to embark. 

ARMET [ar-m(5] n. m. t helmet; head- 

ARMTLLAIRE [.ir-mil-li-r] adj. (astr. 
geog.) ari.Mlary. 

Si)here , r= sphere. 

ARMILLES [ar-mil-l] n. f. (i)l.) (arch.) 
anmdets ; fillelM. 

ARMISTICE [nr-misti-s] n. m. arm/is- 

ARMOIRE [ar-moa-r] n. f. 1. cup- 
board; 2. closet. 

Grande , closet. 

AR.MOIRIES [ar-moa-ri] n. f (pi.) L 

(her.) arms, pi. ; armorial hearing.^, 
pi. ; * emhlazonry ; 2. (of persons de- 
ceased) hatchment. 

AR.MOISE [iir-moa-j] n. f. (bot.) arte- 
misia ; ^ icoi'imcood. 

commune, mug-wort ; pontiqiie, 
Roman wormwood; des Indes, In- 
dian wormwood. 

AR.MON [ar-mjn] n. m. (of carriages) 

ARMORIAL [ar-mo-ri.l] n. m. book 

' ARMORIER [ar-mo-ri-] v. a. to put 
o.'s arms on. 

A U.MORI E, R, p.i. p. with o.'s arms. 

ARMORIQIJE (L') [lar-mo-ri-k] p. n. 
f (goog.) Armorica. 

ARMORISTE [ar-mo-ri.-t] n. m. % ar- 

ARMURE [ar-mu-r] n. f. 1. amwr ; 2. 
(phys.) (of the ma^rnet) armor. 

compli'to, suit of^z. a r6preuve, 
= in proof; de tcte, head-piece. 
Couvrlr dune h I'epreuve, to arm in 
proof; otcrl' i\,to unharness; revutir 
son , to hiickle on o.'s =:. 

ARMURIER [ur-mu-rie] n. m. 1. ar- 
morer; 2. gunsmith ; 3. sword-cutler; 
4. hlade-smith; 5. bilbo-smith. 

ARNICA [ar-ni-ka] n. m., 

ARNIQUE [ar-ni-k] n. f. {hot) arnica. 

ARNOTTO [ar-no-to] n. m. (dyeing) 
arnotto ; annotto. (KRoucou.) 

AROMATE [a-ro-ma-t] n. m. aro- 

ARO.MATIQUE [a-ro-ma-ti-k] ad;, aro- 

ARO.MATISATION [a-ro-ma-ti-za-sion] 
n. f. (pharm.) aromatization. 

AROMATISER [a-ro-ma-ti-z^] V. a. B to 


ARO.ME [a-ro-ni] n. m. 1. arojna ; 2. 

ARONDE [a-ron-d] n. f 1. $ swallow; 
2. (ich.) s^callow-fish. 

Qneuo d' , (carp., join.) dove-tail; 
sicallow-tail ; assemblage a queue d' , 
(carp., join.) dove-tailing. A, en queue 
d' , (carp., join.) dove-tailed. Assem- 
bler en queue d' , to dove-tail. 

ARPAILLEUR [ar-pa-ieur *] n. m. 

ARPfiGE, ARP:6GEMENT [ar-pd-j, 
man] n. m. (mus.) arpeggio. 

Faire des s, to perform ^s. 

ARP6GER [ar-p6-j] V. n. (mus.) to 
perform arpeggios. 

ARPENT [ar-pan] n. m. acre (measure 
varving from 1 to H acre). 

ARPENTAGE [ar-pin-ta-j] n. m. 1. 
surve;/;'2. surveying; land-measur- 
ing; 3. (engin.) land-chain. 

Fail; 1" de, to survey, to meastin 

ARPENTER [nr-pan-i6] V. a 1. to sur- 
vey, to measure (land); 2. to mea<iure; 
to walk fait, rapidly (over). ' 

ARPENTEUR [ar-pin-teur] n. m. sur 
veyor : l<tnd-mea,iurer ; meoiMrer. 

ARPENTEUSE [ ar-pan-ted, ] n. I 
(ent.) m,easure-worm. 

ARQUli, E [ur-k^] a<lj. 1. arched, 
curved ; 2. bent round ; bent; 3. cro ik- 
ed ; 4. (artih.) fornicate; 5. {hot.) arcu- 
ate; 6. (hot) falcate. 

ARQUEBUSADE [ar-ks-tm-iu-d] a f 

Eau d' , (pharm.) =; ; = waisr. 

ARQUEBUSE [ar-ks-bu-z] n. t arqite 

AEQUEBUSERIE [ar-k-bu--ri] n. 

ARQUEBijSIER [ar-kis-bu ri] n. m. 1 
arquelnisier ; 2. gun-smith. 

ARQUER.[ar-k(5] V. a. 1. to arc. Ui 
curve ; 2. to bend round ; to bend , 3. 
to make crooked. 

Ses jambes se sont arquees, heis boie- 

ARQUER, V. n. 1. to curve; to hi 
arched ; 2. to bend round ; to bend. 

ARRACIIAGE [a-ra-sha-j] n. m. (agr.) 

ARRACHEMENT [a-ra.h-man] n. m 
I 1. plucking; plucking away, of; 2 
picking ; picking off'; 3. tearing ; tear- 
ing away, off; 4. ptdling ; pulling 
away, off; 5. ivrenching ; 2cHnging ; 

6. (of stumps) stubbing ;. stubbing up; 

7. (of plants) digging up ; 8. (arch.) 
toothing ; 9. (liort.) grubbing; 10. (hort.) 
weeding out. 

ARRACIIE-PIED (Tf) [da-ra-sh-pi-^] 
adv. without intermission ; toget/ier 
all at once. 

Se mettre A, to stick close to; ^ to 
buckle to ; travailler d' a, to stick close 
to; to hammer away at. 

ARRACIIER [A-ra-8li] v. a. (de q. ch., 
from a. th. ; k t\. u., to a. o.) 1. | to 
j)luck ; to pluck a way, off'; 2. il to pick ; 
to pick off; 3. 1 to t^ar ; to tear away 
off'; 4. B to pull, to draic, to get aica^ 
off! 5. B to snatch; to snatch aicay 
off; 6. B to icrest ; 7. || to strip off; 8. 
to scratch out (with the nails) ;' 9. I <c 
stub, to stub up (stumps) ; 10. to Utke 
to take away; 11. to draw (obtain)' 
12. to extort; to exact; 13. towring . 
14. to save; 15. to tear (the hair); Itj. 
to dig up (plants); 17. to extract (u 
tooth); to draw; to pull out; to take 
out; IS. (hort) to grub; 19. (hort.) to 
weed out. 

10. la vie a q. ti., (.< take, tu lake away a. o.'. 
life. 11. un secret a q. a., tu draw a eecrelfnnn 
a. o. \-2. une proinees", un aveu a q. u., to ex- 
lurt a f.r-mhe, a amfeaaion frutn a. o. 1.3. del 
larnit-8 li q. u., lo wring tears from a. o.'a ei/ea. 14 

q. u. a la niis^ie, /(* save a.>jm niiseTy. 

(en bas), to tear doion ; etc. (y 
senses) ; (en cueillant). 1. to pluck ; to 
pluck aicay, off; 2. to jrick ; to pick 
atcay, off; (en dechirant), to tear; to 
tear away, of; (de dedans), to pluck 
out; to pick out, etc. (K senses); 
(en fcndant d'un bout h I'autre), to rip 
off; (par la force), 1. to force utcay; 
2. to force out; (en frappant), to beat 
out; (en liaut), 1. to pluck up ; 2. to 
pull up; etc. (V. senses); (en pin- 
f ant), to pinch of; (avec rapiditi';, to 
snatch away, off; (on tirant), to, 
to pull, to getaway, of ; (en tordi.iii) 

1. to wrench ; 2. to wrest, to wring off'. 

(en trainant), to drag ; to drag away; 

(avec violence), t. to wrench ; 2. ( 
wrest ; to wring off. 

Areaciie, e, pa. p. Fi senses of Arra- 


Noo , ( V. senses of Arraciier) 1. | 
unphicked ; 2. unpicked ; 3. vmior n ; 4 
unwrung ; 5. unextracted. 

S' ARRACIIER, pr. v. {V. scuses of Ak 
raoiier), 1. B to tear ; to tear away, off; 

2. \ to draw away, off'; to get away, off, 

3. II to strip off; 4. 1 to rip off; 5. S 
(pers.) (a, from) to tear, to force o.'s self 
away; to break away; to break off; 
to break ; to hurst ; 6. (per8.)( L,/rt' 
to get away. 





: mal ; d male ; e fee ; e fuve ; ^ fete ; t je ; til; lilc; o nioi ; 6 inole ; 6 inoi t ; m sue ; v s&re ; ok ytxa ; 

- eu bas), 1. to tear down ; 2. to 
in : down; etc. (F. senses); (de 
iatUoiB), 1. to tear oat; 2. to draw out, 
etc. ( V. senses) ; (en baut), to tear up, 
ate ( V. senses). 

S.n. Akrachkr, Ravir. Arracher nirnns to 
reni ive or take to mie'e ielf w''li viuleiice nnil dif- 
5;uUy an object which Ubeld back by another, or 
nhicn reoirti one's efforts ; ravir signifies to take, 
't iber by artifice than by force, an object that of- 
Wti little resistance itsell, or is but feebly defended 
\i otb-^rs. We would use arracher in connecti(m 
V. la tree or a tooth; ratii'r, with property, and 
tlujf^s generally tlintare insufficiently defended. 

A.REACliEUR [a-ra-riieur] n. m. i 
i . aicer. 

de core, corn-cutter; de dents, 

AKRAISONNER [arj-zo-nd] V. a. + 1. 
to reason, to argue xvith (a. o.) ; 2. (nav.) 
to hail. 

ARRANGEMENT [A-ran-j-min] n. m. 

I. II arrangement ; * ordering ; 2. || ad- 
ywUng ; 3 || doing up; \ tnmming 
up; 4. arrangement ; order ; 5. ar- 
rangement; contrivance; 6. arrange- 
ment ; settling ; settlement; 7. % order; 
ecoi^omy ; 8. (of ditferences) adjust- 
ment ; 9. (of food) dressing ; cooking ; 
cooking up ; 10. (of houses, roomti) Jit- 
ting up; 11. (of grounds) laying out; 
12. (of lamps) trimming; 13. (nav.) 

a I'amiable, amicable adjustment. 
Kntrer en , 1. to make terms ; 2. (law) 
to compound ; faire des s, 1. to enter 
into z=s ; 2. (avec) to make z=s (acith) ; 
prendre des s, 1. to make arrange- 
ment; to arrange ; 2. to come to terms 
itoUh a. o.); 3. (com.) to settle. 

ARRANGER [a-ran-j6] V. a. 1. 1 to ar- 
range ; to set, to put in order ; 1 to put 
io rights ; * to order ; 2. || to adjust; 3. 
I to do up ; 1 to trim ; to tHm up ; 4. |1 
(b. 8.) to t.Hck, to dress off, out, up. 5. 1 
to repair; to r.t&nd ; 6. to arrange; 
Unorder; 7. % to contrive; 8. to ar- 
'ytiige; to settle ; 9. to suit; 10. to 
itooommodate (a. o.); 11. (b. s.) to 
trjxt (a o.) badly, ill ; 12. 1 (b. s.) to 
ijive it to (speak harshly to a o.); 13. to 
idjust (differences): to make up; 14 to 
dress (food) ; to cook ; to cook up ; 15. 
to Jit up (houses, rooms) ; 16. to lay out 
/grounds) ; 17. to trim (lamps) ; 18. (nav.) 

2. un objet d'habillemen*, Ut adjust an article 
tf dregs, a. un janliu, d s habits, /" do uj) a 
gardfii,e't'ih'. 6. ses idees ou ses paroles, ft* 
Annnge, t" order <*.' uleas vr o.U words. 7. un 
\ la I, to CI nttive a ^ an. S. s s nflaires, to ar- 
range, to settle ('.'* affairs, busintss. 9. Cela ne l*ar- 
riuge I'as du tout, that does not at a I suit him. 10. 
Kaire q. ch. pi>ur q. u., to do a. th. ^accommo- 
date a. o. 

a raniiable, to make an amicable 

Arrange, e, pa. p. {V. senses of Ar- 
ranger and S'arranger) affected. 

Blcn , ( V. senses) ^ ship-shape ; non 
, ( K senses) 1. || unadjusted; 2. \ un- 
trimmed ; 8. unregidated ; 4. unset- 
tled; 5. unaccommodated; 6. (of lamps) 
tuntrimmed ; 7. (nav.) iintrimmed. 

S'arranger, pr. v. 1. 1 to put, to place, 
to set o.'s self; %^ \ to settle o.'s self; 
to settle ; 8. || to get o.^s liouse in order ; 
^ to get to rights; 4. to arrange; to 
rnter into arrangements ; to make ar- 
rargements ; 6. to settle matters ; 6. 
(AVEC, with) to settle; to close; 7. to 
com/pound ; 8. ( pour, to) to arrange ; 
(c contrive; to manage; to do; 9. 
(!). B.) to help o.'s self; to manage as 
'.f>f- can; l(). (b. s.) (de) to make a 
t'lfi (icitfi) ; (j>oiir)tomake shift (to); 

II. { (K B.) (PE, witli) to put up; 12. 
i>oin.) to settle. 

'.. auprisdu reil,('.-t o.'s self near I lie fire. 
i. - Jam %n fauteiiil, (" s-tlle o.'s self m o.'e 
irn-rliair. 4. 11 'si arroiiit iivcc ses rCanciers, 
k! has made nrrangemiiits with hit creditors. 8. 
|H.ur faire q. cli., <"C'nlrivf, t" manage to do a. th. 

Cher soi, to get o.'s house in order ; 
^ to get to rig!Us. Arrangez-vousI lielp 
^curself! manage as you can! do 
your best or yyur worst 1 

flfm. Akraxoik, Ranokr. A ranytr niea %U> 
vmieu lo tilings ilie piirticu'ar iilnc s which cne 
Jrsiirj thein to oa'upy, and impli' s an ojierali' n 
>f the ninui ; rain'rr mi ans to pul tliinn .1. tlie 
f^eti ibun fusigued. and uj)[-li<' ni'tlnng uiure 

than physical action. We arranqeons (arranije) 
bit I nee; we rant/eons (put to rights) every day. 
The master arrange {arranges) thnigs according to 
Ilia laricy ; the servant range {puts) them {in order) 
acci.rd!ng to the directior.s which he has received. 

AERENTEMENT [a-rin-t-man] n. DO. 
1. renting ; 2. hiring. 

Prendre un , to ret:t ; tenlr une 
maison par , to rent a lu>use. 

ARRENTER [a-ran-t] V. a. to rent 

ARRfiRAGER [a-r6-ra-j] V. n. to he 
in arrears. 

Laisser , to let the arrears run on, 
up ; se laisser , to let o.'s arrears run 
an, up. 

ARRlfeRAGES [a.r-ra-j] n. ra. (pi.) 1. 
arrears, pi. ; 2. annmty in arrears, 

Laisser courir les , to let the arrears 
run on, up. 

ARRESTATION [a-res-ta-sion] n. C 1. 
(of malefactors) apprelienion ; arrest ; 
taking tip; 2. (of debtors) arrest; 3. 

illegale et sfquestration de person- 
ncs, (law)./</?.ve imprisonment. Mandat 
d' provisoire, (law) detainer (of deb- 
tors). En ctat d' , under arrest; in 
custody. Mettre q. u. en , to take 
a. o. in custody, in charge ; faire met- 
tre q. iL en , 1. to give a. o. into 
custody, in charge ; 2. to order into 

ARRfiT [a-r] n. m. 1. | (in criminal 
cases) sentence ; judgment; 2. |1 (in civil 
cases) Judgment; decree; decision; 3. 
^decree; 4. * JUtt ; 5. arrest; 6. (of 
fire-arms) catch; 7. (of a lance) rest; 
bur; 8. (horol.) stop-work; 9. (hunt.) 
stop ; 10. (man.) stop ; 11. (mil.) s, 
(pi.) arrest ; sing. ; 12. (nav.) stop ; 18. 
(needl.) fastening ; 14 (tech.) stop ; 
stay; scotch. 

s forces, do rigueur (mil.) close ar- 
rest; s simples, (mil.) open arrest 
Rude sur 1' , (man.) hard-mout/ied. 
Chien d' , (liunt.)jpomfer ; crochet d" , 
(tech.) catch ; maison d' , jail ; jioint 
d" , 1. sticking-place ; 2. (mach.) stop ; 
recueil d' s, (law) decretal; robinet 
d" , (tech.) stop-cock ; temps d' , stop- 
page. Aux s, (mil.) under arrest; 
d' , ( V. senses) (tech.) steadying ; en 
, (of a lance) in the rest ; sans , 
unsteady ; light ; volatile ; etr en , 
(of dogs) to 2>oint ; faire un bel , (of 
dogs) to point steadily ; mettre aux s, 
(mil.) to put under arrest ; lever les s 
do q. u., (mil.) to release a. o. from = ; 
mettre en , to place, to put'ya. lance) 
in tlie rest; prononcer, rcndre un , 
1. (law) to pronounce judgment; 2. 
(crim. law) to pass sentence ; rendre 
un , io publish a decree ; rompre les 
s, (mil.) to break from = ; subir un , 
to lie under a sentence. 

ARRfiTi: ra.r-t] n. m. 1. (of deliber- 
ative assemblies) resolution; 2. (adm.) 
order; decision. 

Prendre un , to pass a resolution. 

ARR6TE-B(EUF [a-r6-t-beuf] n. m., pi. 
s, (bot.) rest harrow; ^ hurroio. 

ARRfeTE-NEF [a-rS-t-nef] n. m. pi. 
s, (icli.) 1 suck-Jish; sucking-fish; 

ARRftTE-PORTE [a-r-t-por-t] n. m., 
pi. s, door-porter (thing to keep a door 

ARRfiTKR [a-r4.i] v. a. 1. l to stop 
(prevent the progress of) ; to hold ; 2. 
H to arrest ; to stay ; to hold ; to 
clieck ; 3. II to fa.'<ten (a th.) ; tofx; 4. 
to put a stop to (end a. th.) ; to break 
off; 5. to quiet ; to still ; 6. to de- 
tain ; to delay ; ^ to keep back ; 7. to 
retain; to hold back ; 8. to obstruct; 

9. to arrest; to fix, th attention of; 

10. to engage (a. o. for services); to 
take; to hire; 11. to take (obtain a 
formal promise of a th.); to secure; 12. 
% to resolve; to determine; to decide ; 
13. to conclude, to make, to strike (a 
bargain); \i. to stanch (the blood); 15. 
to arrest (a debtor); to take into cus- 
tody; XH. % to fasten, to ftac (the eyes, 
the look) ; 17. to attach, to eize, to dis- 
train (goods); 18. to apprehend (a m&- 
lefatior) ; to tuke into custody, in 
charge ; to take up ; 19. to allay, to 

alleviate (I'ain); to appoint, to fir (1 
time); 21. (of deliberative assemblie^i) U 
solve; 22. (book-k.) to agree on t/t 
amount of (an account) ; 23. (hunt) to 
point; to set; 24. (mach.) to throw oul 
of gear ; 25. (needl.) to/6(s^^ , to fasten 
off'; 20. (tech.) to pin ; to pin down / 
to scotch. 

2. I la main de q. u., to arrest, to stay a. f'.\\ 
hand ; le progres de q. u., to arrest, to ttaj j, 
o.^s progress. 3. une per8ii?nne, une picrre. uao 
planche, to fasten, io fix a b'iitJ, a stone, a piaxi', 
5. <ies murmures ou des plaintes, to quiet, ^ 
still murmurs or complaints. 6. un courrier, to 
delay, to detain a courier. 10. un domestique, 
to engage, to take, to hire a servant. 11. sti 
Place dans une voiture, to take, to secure o.'s placs 
in a coach. 17. sa voiture et ses chevaux, to 
seize o.' carriage and horses. 

Faire , ( V. senses) to give a. o. into 
custody, in charge. court, tout court, 
to stop short Action d' , ( V. senses) 
stop; stoppage. 

Arrets, e, pa p. (F. senses) 1. 
fia-ed ; 2. at a stand; 3. (a & m.) 
idle ; 4. {xiii6A\.) fastened off. 

Non , ( V. senses) 1. ( unstopped ; 
2. II unstayed ; unchecked ; 8. || -iwi- 
fastened ; unfixed / 4 unobstructed ; 
5. umengaged ; 6. untaken ; 7. un- 
resolved; undetermined- undecided; 
8. (of a bargain) unconcluded ; un- 
made; 9. (of the blood) U7istanched ; 

10. (of a malefactor) unappre/iended ; 

11. (of pain) unallayed ; unalleviuted. 
S'arreter, pr. v. 1. C to stop; ^ to 

make a stop / 2. 1 to stand ; to come 
to a stand; to make a stand; 3. 11 to 
take o.'s stand; 4 || to stop; to stay; 
to remain ; 5. 1 (th.) to lodge (in fall- 
ing) ; 6. I to be fastened, fixed ; 7. to 
stop; ^ to leave off; to break off; 
]#" to knock off; 8. (a, on, %ip>on) 
to stop; to fixe; to rest; to hover; 9. 
to stop ; to be embarrassed ; ^ to stick ; 
10. to be quieted, stilled; 11. (i>*rKi.) 
to engage o.'s self {tor sorvicos); to be 
taken ; hired ; 12. (th.) to be Utkev-., 
secured (by a fonnal promise); 13. (a, 
on, upon] to decide; to determine; tt) 
resolve ; to close ; ^ to settle ; ^ to i^et 
tie down; 14 (a, at) to scruple; V 
hesitate ; t^~ to stick ; 15. (a) to lui/vt 
regard {for) ; to pay attention {to) ; 
to mind; 16. (of bargain.s) to be con- 
cluded, made, struck; 17. (of the blood) 
to be stanched; IS. (of carriages) to 
draw up; 19. (of the eyes, tiie looks) 
to be fastened ; to be fixed ; to rest ; to 
dwell; 20. (of pain) to be allayed, alle- 
viated; 21. (of time) to he aj)pointed ; 
Jiaed ; 22. (of travellers) to bait (for i- 
freshment); 23. (mach.) to be thrmcji 
out of gear; 24 (mach.) to come to a 
stand-still; 25. (needl.) to be fastenM, 
fastened off; 26. (tech.) to be 
down; to be scotched. 

15. aux appaiences, to have regard fur ap- 
pearances. 11 ne faut jias a ce qu'il dit, oru 
must not mind what he says. 

Ne pas , ( V. senses) 1. to keep on ; 
2. {d) to pass over (...); to take ito 
7iotice of (. . .). devant . . . , (nav.) to 
call off. .. en beau cheniin, to stop in 
the middle. Action de , {V. senses) 
stop; stoppage; 6tat dune machlno 
lorsqu'elle sarrOte, stand-still. 

ARR^TER [a-r-t] v. n. 1. to stop; 
2. (of travellers) to bait 

ArrC-tez! 1. stop! 2. Jiold ! . 

ARRfiTISTE [a-r^-tis-t] n. m. com- 
piler of decrees. 

ARRIIER [a-r] V. a to give earr^est, 
earnest-money for. 

ARRIIES [4-r] n. f. pi. 1. ! earn*tt; 
earnest-money ; 2. t pledge; 1 at,ni- 
rance ; 3. (com.) deposit 

D6poser des , (com.) to leave a tie 
posit; donner des , to give earn est 

ARRHIB:^E [a-ti-di] p. n. m. (class.) 

ARRIEN [a-ri-in] p. n. Hj. (class.) At- 

ARRIERE [a-riJ-rl adj. (comp.) 1. (o! 
place) hinder; back; 2. (of time) af- 
ter; 3. (mil.) rear; 4 (nav.) aft 

ARRliiRE, adv. 1. 1 (of place) behind; 
2. (of time) behind; behind-hand ; 8 
(exclam.) far; away; buck; 4. (os 
iiam.) {de) far {fr^-n\- Jvyiy (witfi) 




ojoute; MJeu; eiJjefine; eflpeur; an pan; ire pin; onbon; Mnbrun; ll Hq. ; 'gn liq. 

5. (nav.) aft; abaft; 6. (nav.) (of the 
wind) lending. 

Droit 1 (nav.) rigM aft ! 

ARKli;PvE, n. in. 1. X rear; bach 
pait 2. (nav.) istern ; iJ, (nav.) quarter. 

Ia) dernier de 1' , (nav.) tlie ufterrnoHt; 
Mirveillant de 1" , (nav.) after guard. 
'" , (nav.) after; de 1" , (nav.) aft; 
astern ; en , 1. (of place) back ; 2. || 
backward; 8. ( behind; 4. (in travel- 
ling) with o.'s back to the horses; 5. 
(U"\velling by railway) with o.'s back tc 
ihf- engine; 6. (of time) ^?^/ behind 
hand; 7. backward; behind-hand, 
8. behind one's back ; 9. (of payments) 
in arrears; 10. (navj abaft; en ! 1. 
lack I 2. aicay ! 3. T out of the tcuij ! 
en de, || behind; le plus en , 1. | 
tliehindmont; the hinder motst ; 2. (nav.) 
the sternmost ; vers T , (nav.) after- 
ward. Se ranger de 1' , (nav.) (of the 
wind) to veer; rester, toniber de 1' , 
(nav.) to fall astern. Venant de V , 
(nav.) pooping. 

AKKI:KE, n. m. (sing.) 1. things be- 
hind-hand pi. ; ... behind-Juind ; ar- 
rear; arred i; 2. (of payments) arrear; 
arrears; 3. {&a.) arrear ; arrears; 4. 
(nail.) relief. 

I. d'line correspondance, a fornsiiondenc. be- 
bin l-hnul. 

Avoir de 1" dans, to he backward 
xcith ; to be behind-hand in, with ; 
mettre a 1" , (fln.) to be paid out of the 
arrears ; utre porte sur 1' de q. u., to 
be in a. o.'s arrears ; solder T , topay 
up the arrears. 

AKIJIER^, E, adj. 1. backward; 
behind-hand ; 2. left undone ; unexe- 
cuted; 3. due; oicing ; 4. (of payments) 
in arrears ; 5. (fin.) unclaimed. 

ifetat , backwardness; backward 
el lie. 

AUUIERE-BAN [a-riJ-r-baa] n. m. 
(feud) arriere-ban. 

ARIUEKE-BEC [a-riJ-r-b*k] n. m., pL 
-S, (cagin.) (of bridges) 1. cut-water ; 2. 
Sti/ Ung : -3. break-water (behind). 

A RI'.lilUE-BOUCIIE [a ri4.r-boa-.h] n. 

1 pL s, (ttnat.) pharynx. 

A R R I ERE-BOUTIQUE [ i-riA-r-bou- 
tl-k] n. f., pi. s, Imk-xhop. 

ARRIERE-Cll.V.NGl'. [;Ui4-r-.han-j] a 
ui., pi. , (fln.) conipoaiul interest 

AERIERE-CORl'S [a-riA-r-k6r] am., 
pi. , (arch.) recess. 

ARRlfeRE-COUR [i-rij-r-kour] a C, 
pi. s, back-court; bak-yard. 

ARRIERE-D08 [a-riii-r.d5] n. m., pi. 
~, (^arch.) altar-screen ; reredos ; dos- 

ARRlfeRE-ESSAIM [a-ri4-r-m] n. m., 
pi. s, after-swarm. 

ARRIERE-FAIX [A-riA-r-f] n. m., pi. 
. (physiol.) 1. (pers.) after-birth; 2. 
(of animals) heam. 

ARRliORE-FIEF [a-riSi-r-SM] n. m., 
pi. s, (feud.) rere-fee. 

ARRli;RE-GARDE [4-riJ,-r.gar.d] a 
f., pi. s, (mil.) rear-guard; rear. 

ARRli;RE-GOUT [a-riJ-r-gou] n. m., 
pi. s, after-taste. 

ARRl'i;RE-MAIN [a-ri4-r-min] n. m., 
pi. s, 1. back-blow ; 2. (of horses) hind 

ARKliRE-NEVEU [a-rii-r-nS-veu] n. 

1., pi. X, 1. great-nephew ; 2. * x, 
(pi.) latent posterity. 

ARRIERE-PENSEE [a-riJ-r.pan-t6] n. 

f., pi. s, reservation ; mental reserva- 
tion ; reserve ; mental reserve. 

ARRIERE PLAN [a-riA r-plan] a m. 
fpaint.) back-ground. 

ARRIERE-POINT [a-rij-r-poln] n. m., 
1. 8, (needl.) I. back-stitch ; 2. stitch- 

Jfettre un , des s .'i, to stitcli. 

\RRIERE-POINTEUSE [a-riA-r-poin- 
'ii-t\ n. f , pi. s, stitcher. 

AERI:feRER [a-rii-r^] V. a. to defer, to 
lelay, to put off (a payment). 

S'ARRiEitER, pr. V. 1. to remain, to 
stay behind ; 2. (of payments) to get in 

AREli:RE-SAISON [5-r:e-r-.J.z6n] n. 

r., pi. s, 1. latter end of (he season; 2. 
latter end of autumn : 3. decline {pt 
lie); evening ; ** autumiu 

ARRIERE-TRAIN [a-rie-r-lrin] n. Ul., 

pi. s, fitter carriage. 

ARRIEI:E-VASSAL [-ri6.r-vn-sal] n. 

m., pi. Arrieke-vassaux, (feud.) vassal 
of a mesne lord ; inferior tas-wl. 
" ARRIERE- VOUSSURE [A-ri^-r-vou- 
au r] n. f , pi. s, (arch.) back-bending. 

ARRIMAGE [A-ri-ma-j] n. m. (nav.) 1. 
sioicage ; 2. (of the hold) trim-. 

IJois d' , fathom, wood; plan d' , 
(of the hold) tier. 

ARRIMER [ii-ri-in] V. a. (nav.) 1. to 
slow ; to stow away ; 2. to trim (the 

ARRIMEUR [A-ri-menr] n. m. (nav.) 
nuni emj)loyed to stow the hold. 

en chef, cajitain of the hold. 
ARRISER ra-ri-z6] V." a. (nav.) to frap. 
ARRIVAGE [a-ri-va-j] n. m. (coin. 

nav., nav.) arrival. 

ARRIV^E [a-ri-v] n. f. 1. arrival; 
coming ; 2. {nnv.) falling off. 

inopince, 1. unexpected arrival; 

2. (did.) supervention. A 1' de, 1. (of 
place) at the =: of; 2. (of time) on the 
=: of; aussitot son , immediately on 
o.'s =. 

ARRIVER, V. n. 1. l{k,at; dans, en, 
in; DF.,fro>7i) to arrive; 2. 1 (pers.) to 
come (toicards) ; ^ to step up {to) ; to 
come on; 3. (th.) to arrive ; to come ; 
to come on ; 4. (pers.) (a, to) to gain ac- 
cess (to a. o.) ; 5. (a) to arrive (at) ; to 
reach (...); 6. (a) to arrive (at) ; to 
attain (...); 7. (th.) to befortJicoming; 
8. (of circumstances, events) to occur ; 
to happen; to com^e to pass; to be 
brought to pass ; t to fall out; to com a 
about, round ; 9. (b. s.) to occur; to 
happen ; to befall (to) ; to befall (...); 
10. (impers.) (A, to) to happen ; to 
chance; to be incident; 11. (nav.) to 
bear away, up ; 12. (nav.) (sur, upon) 
to bear doivn; 13. (nav.) to fetch; 14. 
(nav.) to veer. 

1. Urie pers >nne, line voiture, une nonveUe arrive 
diinsune ville, a person, a carriage, apiece of news 
arrives in a town ; il serait arrive plus t6t de la 
France, he teonhl have arrived from Prance sooner. 

3. La Quit arriva, night came, came on. 5. a la 
tin de q. cli., to arrive at, to reach the end of a. th. 
6. aiix honneurs, to arrive at, to attain h'mors. 9. 
Un accident liii est arrivi, an accident has (ic- 
cirred, happened to him ; an accident has befallen 
him. 10. II m'est arrive de me trituver la, / hap- 
pened, chanced to he there ; il arrivera a un gnmd 
liumbre de travatller sans r^compcns", to many it 
will be uicident to latxrr without reward. 

(au retour), to come, to get back ; 
en faisant un tour, to come, to get 
round. tre arrive, ( V. senses) 1. (tli.) 
to be at hand ; 2. to he of actual occur- 
rence; frcquemment, (th.) to be of 
common, frequent occurrence. en 
abondance, (th.) to flow in ; k bon 
port, to arrive safe, in safety ; h, 
terme, to co^ne about. S'efforcer d' 
(a), vouloir (a), ( V. senses) to grasp 
{at) ; faire , ( V. senses) 1. to bring (a. 
th.) to pass ; 2. (mil., play) to bring out. 
Arrivez ^ 1 1. come on, along ! on 1 2. 
step out ! Qui arrive, coming ; qui ar- 
rive frequemment, (th.) of common, of 
frequent occurrence ; qui arrive tous 
ies jours, (th.) of daily occurrence ; qui 
est arrive, ( V. senses) (th.) of actual oc- 
currence; quoi qu'il en arrive, 1. at all 
events; 2. ^ come what may, vMl. 

[Arriver is cnnjupated with 'tre.'] 

ARROBE [a-ro-b] n. f arroba (Spanish, 
Portuixuese, and Brazilian weight). 

ARilOCHE [a-ro-sh] D. f. (bot.) (genus) 
orach; crrach; ^ notch-iceed; ^moun- 
tain spinach. 

cultivee, garden orach ; halime, 

ARROGAMMENT [a-ro-ga-man] adv. 
arrogantly; haughtily; supercili- 


ARROGANCE [a-ro-gan-s] a f. (POTJR, 

to) arrogance ; hauglUiness ; superci- 

ARROGANT, E [a-ro-gan, t] adj. 
(poim, to) arrogant ; haughty; super- 
cilious ; overbearing ; high-handed. 

Langage ,{V. senses) brow-beating. 
fitre, se montrer ,{V. senses) to as- 
sume, to be assuining. 

ARROGER (S") [.a-ro-j] pr. v. (a, to) 
to arrogate; to arrogate to o.'s self. 

ARROI [a-roa] n. m. 1. 1 1 array, 

equipage ; 2. plight (state). 

l!;tre en mauvais , to he in a (kul 

ARRONDI, E [a-rdndi] adj. 1. 1 rourui' 
ed; 2. || round ; 3. | roundish; 4 (of 
the face) full ; 5. (bot) rotund. 

en dos d'ane, (engin.) (of roads) bar 
relied. Forme e, round i^hness. 

ARRONDIR [a-ron-dir] V. a. 1. S ^ 
round; 2. to enlarge; to increast; 
to aggrandize; 3. (nav.) to weather; 
to double (a cape): 4 (paint.) to raii/iM 

en dos d"ane, (engin.) to barrel (n 

Arrondi, e, pa. p. V. senses of Ak- 


Non ,{V. senses) unrounded. 

S'arrondib, pr. v. 1. H to round; to 
become, to get, to groir round ; 2. to 
enlarge, to increase o.'s estate; 3. to 
aggrandize o." sel^. 

ARRONDISsE.^liNT [a-roa-di-v man] 

a m. 1. 1 rounding; 2 | roundness; 
3. (of a town) district; ward. 

ARROSAGE [a-ro-z-i-j] n. m. i. irri- 
gation; 2. water-ing ; 3. (a. & na.) 

Pompe d' . watering -engine. 

ARROSEMENT [a-ro-i-man] am. 1. 
watering; 2. spHnkling ; 3. (culin.) 
basting ; 4. (play.) paying all round. 

ARROSEK [a-ro-2] V. a. (de, tcith) i. 
to water ; 2. (slightly) to .sprinkle ; 3. * 
(plentifully) to slwwer; 4.* (very slightly) 
to hedew ; 5. 1 to wet (a. o.) through 
(with rain) ; to soak ; 6. to hatlie (with 
tears); 7. to teet (the lips, the throat;) 8. 
(culin.) to baste (meat) ; 9. (agr.) to irri- 

Cuiller h. , basting-ladle ; non ar- 
rose, qui n'est pas arrose, ( V. senses) 1. 
umcatered ; 2. unshowered. 

ARROSOIR [a-ro-soar] n. m. wntfrinQ- 

ARS [ar] n. in. (pi.) (veter.) 1. vein -y 
the fore leg, sing. ; 2. limb, sing. 

ARSACE [ar-sa-s] p. n. m. Arsacen. 

ARSENAL [ar-s6-nai] n. m. arsenak 

de m.arino, de port, dock-yard. 
ARS6NIATE [ar-.-id-a-t] a in, 

(chem.) arseniate. 

ARSENIC [ar-8-nic] n. 01. (chem.) ar- 

Combiner avec 1' , to arsenicate. 

ARSENICAL, E [ar-s8-ni-l 4I] mlj. 
(chem.) arsenical. 

ARS:6NIQUE [ar-sA-ni-k] ac^j. (chem.) 
arsenic (acid). 

ARS:6nITE [ar-.-ni-t] a. m. (chem.) 

ART [ar] n. m. art. 

angelique, des esprits, (hist) mj- 

gelio =; beaux s, _fine =; s in- 

dustriels, manufacturing =s; s llb6- 
raux, liberal, polite =: ; s manufac- 
turiers, =8 and manufactures ; 
d'agriiment, accomplishment. Bache- 
lier 63 s, bachelor of :=s , maitre eo 
s, 1. master of-=s; 2. (universities) 
artist; maitre en son , master of o.'s 
= ; ouvrage d' , 1. work of^= ; 2. (en- 
gin.) stone-work; Ies termes de V , 
technical terms. Avec , 1. with = ; 
2. artistically ; plein d' , X.fuU of-=.\ 
2. artful; sans , 1. artless, wn/d- 
shioned; 2. artlessly; 3. tmartifictal ; 
inartificial; 4. unartificially ; inarti- 
fUAaUy. Fait avec , 1. done, trjui6 
with ^ ; 2. artful. 

ARTABAN [ar-ta-ban] p. a m. Arta^ 

ARTABAZE [ar-ta-ba-z] p. a ni. Ar 

tng-zer-ks, s] p. n. m. Artax^-.^xes. 

Longue-Main, = Macrochir, Lon 

ARTfiMIDORE [ar-t-mi do r] p. a in 
class. Artemidorus. 

ART:6MISE [ar-t6-mi-i] J), n. t. Att6 

ARTfeRE [ar-tJ.r] n. f. (anat.) artery 
obturatrice, pxMic =. Piquer mi-i 

, (surg.) to open, to wound an =- 
ART^RIEI^ LE [ar-ti-ri-M] adj. (unf.t.; 






a mal ; d ma' < ; fee ; c fuve ^ fBte ; ^ Je ; ill; tHe; o mol ; 3 mdle ; 6 mort ; m eac ; <i sCire ; om jour ; 

Tix)uc , (anat) axis ; tunique le, 
yxU, tunic ofiin arteri/. 

AKTi;RlL)LE [ar--ri-o-i] n. f. (anat.) 
inuill arteri/. 

AKT:6raOLOGIE [ar-t-ri-o-lo-jij n. f. 
(did.) arteriologr/. 

AKT^lUOTOiMIE [ar-t6-ri-.-to-n>i] n. 

C (suij;.) arterintomy. 

AKT:fciaTE [ar-t6 -ri-t] n. (med.) in- 
flximmfition of me arteries. 

AIIT^SIEN, NE [r--zi-in, &-n] adj. 

I'uits , := ^cell. 

AllTHllALGIE [ar-tml-ji] n. f. (med.) 
p.lin in tJie joints. 

AKTITCITE [ar-tri-t] n. (med.) ar- 

AKTIIltlTlQUE [ar-tri-ti-k] n. & 
adj. {inei\.) arthritic ; arthritical. 

AKTHllOOACE [ar-tro-ka-s] a 
(ii:e(l.) arthroeaae. 

AKTHKODIE [ar-tro-di] n. (anat.) 

AKTHROSE [ar-tr6-z] n. (anat) ar- 
tlirosis ; articulation. 

AKTICHAUT rar-ti-eh6] u. m. 1. (bot.) 
artichoke: 2. spiked fence. 

sauvage, (bot.) cotton; woolly this- 
tle; d'Espagne, de Jerusalem, me'c/n, 
jmnpion. Fond d" , bottom of an ar- 
tichoke ; ceilleton d' , ^ sucker. 

ARTICLE [ar-ti-kl] n. m. 1. article; 
8. subject; matter; thing ; ^.^ matter; 
thing; concern; business; 4. (of an 
account) item; 5 t(anat) articulation; 
6. (bot.) article; 7. (enL) ring; 8. (gram.) 

dofini, (gram.) definite article ; 
Indeflni, (gram.) indefinite =; parti- 
tif, {sram.) partitive =:; principal, de 
fond, leader ; Londres, (London 
Joui-nals) leader; Paris (Paris jour- 
n'Js) leader. par , L = byz=: 2. 
'rtictUately ; a 1' de, at the point of 
'. leiatli) ; sur 1' de, on, tipon the score 
of. Fairc 1' , 1. to praise up o.'s goods ; 
K to persuade customers into purchas- 
tTi-g. C'est un autre , tluit's another 
fnatter, thing, concern; c'est un a 
|>aj"t, that's a separate concern. 

ARTICULAIRE [ar-ti-ku-l4-r] adj. 
(auat,, med.) articxdar. 

ARTICULATION [ar-M-ku-la-i6n] n. 
C 1. articulation ; 2. joint; 3. (anat.) 
arthrosis; articulation; ^ joint; 4. 
(bot.) articidation; joint; 5. (law) af- 
tegaUon ; 6. (sciences) articulation. 

coxo-femorale, (anat.) hip-joint ; s 
itninobiles, (anat) synartliroses ; ^ im- 
yru/eable articulations ; s mobiles, 
(anat) diarthroses ; *i movable articu- 
lations. Defaut d' , (of pronunciation) 
lnarUculatio7i. Sans , without urti- 
cvlation; tin jointed. 

ARTICULifc, E [ar-ti-kD-I] adj. 1. 
jointed; 2. (of sounds) arOciUate; 8. 
mot) articulated; vertebrate; verte- 
hrated ; jointed ; 4. (sciences) articu- 
late; articalated. 

Non , 1. unjointed; 2. (sciences) 
vnarticuJ'ited. D'une manidre e, ar- 
tiotUarly. ''"orme de pi6ces cs, (bot) 

ARTICUL^MENT [ar-ti-ku-W-man] 

ndv. i articulately. 

ARTICULER [ar-ti-kn-id] V. a. ]. to 
articulate; to utter; 2. to state (a fact); 
3. (law) to set forth; 4. (sciences) to ar- 

fe'AKTictTLKR, nr. V. (sclenccs) (a, avec, 
fc) to be articulated. 

ARTICULER, v. n. to articulate. 

AETICULi;;S, n. m. (i*l.) (ent.) artictt- 
Uites; articulata, pi. 

AKTIFICE [ar-ti-fi .] n. m. 1. art; 
nyr.tri/cance ; 2. (b. s.) artifice; 8. (b. s.) 
juile; craft; 4 (b. s.) slyness; 5. t^W~ 
(1). 8.) shuffle. 

Abs-ncc d' , ffuilelessness. 
d' , (nav.) powder-chest ; flre-cliest ; 
Jire. ieur de feu d' , fire-mater ; feu 
V , {s\n^.) fire-work, sing. \ftre-^orks, 
pi. ; avec , (b. s.) with artifice, guile ; 
'iraflily ; cunni/ngly ; sans , guile- 
less; craftless; und^signing. Tirer 
'in feu i.' , to let, to set offft'e-icorkf.. 

ARTIFICIEL, LE [i ti-"fl-fiol] adj. ar- 


I Non , unartificial. tat , artifl- 

I ciality. 

\ ARTIFICIELLEMENT [ar-ii-fi-.i4-l- 
3ian] adv. artiftciaUy. 
ARTIFICIER [ar-ti-fi-8i] n. m. jyyro- 

ARTIFICIEUSEMENT [ar-ti-ii-si-eu- 
z-man] adv. artfuUy ; guilefully ; crafti- 
ly ; cunningly. 

ARTIFICIEU-X. SE [ar-ti-fi-.i-eu, eu-z] 

adj. aHful; guileful; crafty ; cunning. 

Non , artless ; guileless. 

ARTILLERIE [ar-ti-i-ri*] n. 1. artU- 
ler~y ; guns, pi. ; ordnance, sing. ; 2. (of 
a ship) ordnance ; guna. 

Grosse , Jieavy artillery ; guns ; 
legfere, Ivorse, flying =. de cam- 
pagne, field- =.; a clieval, horse- = ; 
de marine, marine- ^ ; a pied, 
foot- z=; de siege, battering- =, train. 
Comit6 d' , board of c'^dnance: direc- 
teur de 1' , master oj the ordnance; 
pi6ce d' , piece of ordnance. 

ARTILLEUR [ar-ti-eur*] u. m. aHU- 

ARTIMON [ar-ti-n,6n] n. m. (nav.) 1. 
m,izen; mizen-mast ; 2. mizen-sail. 

Mat d' , mizen-mast ; voile d' , 
I mizen-sail. 

ARTISAN [ar-ti-zan] n. m. 1. 1 arti- 
san ; mechanic ; operative ; ^ work- 
man; 2. arc/Atect (cause); author; 

Des 9, 1. of=s; 2. operative. 

ARTISON [ar-ti-z6ii] n. m. (ent.) wood- 

ARTIS0NN:6, E [ar-ti-zo-n] adj. eaten 
by tcood-fretters. 

ARTISTE [ar-tis-i] n. m. 1. artist; 
2. (tlieat^ artist; performer ; player. 

veterinaire, veterinary surgeon; 
^ horse-doctor. D' , artist-like. 

ARTISTEMENT [ar-tis-te-man] adv. 
artistically ; in an aiiist-like manner; 

ARTiSTIQUE [ar-tU-ti-k] adj. aHist- 

ARTU8, AETUE [ar-ta, tur] p. n. m. 

ARUM [a-roni] n. m. (bot.) arum; ^ 
friar^s cmvl. 

commun, macule, tachete, cuckoo- 
pint ; cuckoo-pintle ; xcake-robin. 

ARUSPICE [a-ru8-pi-.] n. m. (Rom. 
liist) aruspex; aruspice; haruspice. 

ARUSPICINE [a-ru.-pi-.i-n] n. (ant) 

ARYT^NOlDE [a-ri-t6-no-i-d] adj. 
(anat) aryUvnold. 

ARYT15N0IDE, n. m. (anat) ari/ta- 
noid cartilage. 

ARYTilNOIDIEN [.i-ri-ti-no-i-diin] adj. 
m. (anat) ari/tcenoid. 

ARYTENblDIEN, n. m. (anat)(mus- 
cle) arytmnoideus. 

AS [a.] n. m. 1. (Rom. ant.) as; 2. 
(cards, dice) ace. 

AS [a] termination of 2d pei'son singu- 
lar, preterite tense, indicative mood, of 
verbs of the first conjugation. 

As, ind. pres. 2d sing, of Avoir. 

ASARET [a-za-re] n. m. {hat.) asarum. 

ASBESTE [a-be.-t] n. m. (niin.) asbes- 
tus ; asbestos. 

ligniforme, ligniform = ; *{ rock- 

ASCAGNE [as-kag..*] p. n. m. (class.) 

ASCARIDE [a.-k-ri-d] n. m. (ent.) 

ASCENDANT, E [, t] adj. 1. 

II ascending ; 2. |i upicard ; 8. ascend- 
ant; ascending ; 4. (astr.) ascendant; 
ascending! ; 5. (sciences) ascending. 

ASCENDANT, n. m. 1. (ssir.) ascend- 
ant; 2. {astro].) ascendant ; 8. ruling 
passion; 4. suit, over) ascendency; 
ascendant; influence; 5. (genealogy) j 
ancestor; progenitor; ascendant; 6. 
(law) ancestor ; ascendant. 

4. A\*oir bcaii()up d' 8ur q. u to have great 
ind Kwa- mer a. >i. 

ASCENSION] 1 1. ascent 
(action of ascending) ; 2. ri- ; rising ; 
8. + Ascension (of Christ) ; 4. + Ascen- 
sion-day ; lioly Thursday ; 5. (mach.) 
upstroke; (i. (sciences) ascent. 

Jour de 1' 1-, Ascension-day ; holy \ 

Thursday. Fnire une , to make at 
ascent (in a balloon); to ascend; fnitt 
V de, to ascend (a mountain). DonI 
on peut fairc 1' , ascendable. 

ASCENSIONNEL, LE [i-Ean-dc oil] 
adj. ascensional. 

Mouvement , (mach.) up stroie. 

ASCI^rriQUE [a-86-ti-k] adj. ascetic, 

ASC1?:TIQUE, n. m. ascetic 

ASC^TISME [a-.i-ti.-m] n. m. ascdi- 

ASCIENS [a-.i-in] n. m. (pi.) (goon ) 
Ascians: Ascii, pi. 

ASCITE [a-.i-t] a (med.) aicitea ; 
^ dropsy of the belly. 

ASCLSPIADE [a.-kl-pi-a-d] adj. (an.-j. 
vers.) asclepiadic. 

ASCLl&riADE, n. m. 1. p. (class.) ^(t- 
elepiades ; 2. (anc. vers.) ascle-piad. 


ASCLlfePIAS [o.-kl-pi-a6j n. m. (bot) 
asclepias ; ^ swallow-wort. 

ASER [a-zer] p. n. 111. Asher. 

ASIARCHAl [a-i-ar-ka] n. m. (aiMj. 
hist) asiarchy. 

ASIAKQUE [a-.i-ar-k] n. m. (anc. 
hist) asiarch. 

ASIATIQUF [a-zi.-ti-k] adj. AHatie 

ASIE (L") [la-zi] p. n. Asia. 

L' Mineure. = Minor ; Lesser -=. 

ASILE, ASYLE [a-zi-ij n. m. 1. J 
asylum; 2. 1 sanctuary; 3. I refuge, 
I>lace of refuge ; ** concealment; 4. { 
dwelling-place ; habitation ; lurnie ; 
6. shelter ; retreat. 

des pauvres, (of the parish) Ao!4M 
qf industry ; poor-Jiome ; *{ work- 
house. Lieu d' , 1. asylum; 2. place 
of refuge ; salle d ,' infaut-schooL 
Sans , 1. witliout an am/lmn ; 2. lurnio- 
less; houseless; B. shelterless. Chassfr 
d"un , 1. to drive from an asylum,, a 
r^'uge; 2. to unhoiise; donner' a, tt 
afford an asylum, a refuge, a tJuitcr 
to ; se Jeter dans un , to takfi sanoitt- 
ary ; servir d' , Uj Svrri at an oty 

S n. AslLB, KEFUGK. Ar aai'e i> a piific jf 
safety which one Meks when lie fears ii 
nfit(/e is a place of security to wliicli lie :".-sic Wi-tn 
actually assailed 1 y danger. A jxrl is at all tinuM 
an asife ; in a teTn;*. at, it !s a r/'/ngf. 

ASILE, n. in. (ent) (genns) wap-fiy, 
frelon, =. 

ASINE [a-zi-n] adj t % of the ass spa- 

ASMOD^E [a.-mo-ds] p. n. ni. Asm/y- 

A. S. P., abbrev. for accepte sous pro- 
TET, (com.) accepted under protest. 

ASPECT [aspJk] n. m. 1. 1| aspect; 
sight; 2. \ aspect; view; 3. || aspect; 
appearance; air; look; 4. aspect; 
point of view; side; phase; bearing; 
5. (astrol.) aspect. 

4. Kxaminer rne atTaire S"-ua tous se. , to eje- 

inaUer hi all its beariiiij^s. 

quartile, (astrol.) Si/uare. du del, 
(astrol.) decumhiture. D'un peu agro- 
able, ( V. senses) ill-seeming. 

Sv. Aspect, vuk. >' signifies theap|ili<- 
ti n <if tlie Mese of sigllt to any parliciilar object, 
atj'trt, the manner in whicii that object pre.enta 
Its -If to the vitf. Tlie vue of a charmmg }andsa.ip 
atftirils us pleasure; a precipice presents a frigiit- 
ful anpnt. 

ASPERGE [a.-pAr-j] n. f (bot) heitd 
of asparagus; asparagv^-head ; 6, 
(pi.) asparagus, sing. 

Dos s, asparagus. Botte d' b, 
bundle of=- ', fosse d' , := -pit ; poktfl 
d" , top of an asparagus-head. 

ASPERGER [a.-p6r.j6] V. a. 1. fti 
spnnkle ; 2. + 4. (dk, tcith) PjsprinkUk 

ASPERGEElE [.-pr-jri] n. (agi) 
plantation of asparagus. 

ASPERGfeS r>ivper-jJ.] n. m. 1. aspei'- 
ges; asperge.i-/>rush ; sprinkle; h<ly- 
water-sprinkler ; aspergUl; aspeio- 
Hum; 2. tiine of spr-inkHng tfie holy- 

kSVtVClTt, [a-p6-ri-t] D. f 1. [ asper- 
ity; roughness; 2. ruggedness ; ttrt 
evenness; 9,. % asperity : harshne^". 

ASPERSION [aa-p6r-8ioin n. t. I. 
sprinkling : 2. -f + sprinkUng (of hob 
water) ; 8. (did.) affutiion. 

ASPERSOIR rat-pi-Bo.-1 s. ni. asprr 
ges; cspe- ges-brush : otjiergVi ; tw 




>&jo&te; ewjeu; eiijeune; eiipour; a)tpan; in pin ; 6.*ibon; wibrun; *11. liq. ; *gn Hq. 

persorium ; holy water sjjrinkler ; 

ASP^KULE [s-v-ru.i] n. (bot.) 
woodroof; woodriif. 

ASPIIALTE [.i9-iai-t] n. m. asphal- 
Ivcn; asphalt. 

(le Judt'e, Jews'' pitch. D' , as- 
phalUc ; agplutltite. 

ASPHALTITE [a.-fal-ti-t] adj. (geog.) 
.1 ipKaltic. 

Lac , = lal-e. 

ASPIIODilLE [a-fo-d6-.j n. m. (bot.) 
tephodel ; 1 daffodil. 

rameiix, king's spear, rod. 
ASPHYXIANT, E [a.-Bk-ii in, t] adj. 


A9PHYXIE [j-fik-!] n. f. (med.) as- 
p?i,yxy ; asphyxia; suspended anima- 

Par , from asphyxy. Tomber en 
, to fall into a state of. 

ASPHYXIA, E [a-fik-si] adj. fmed.) 
in a state of asphyxy, suspended aiii- 

ASPH YXIER [a-flk-ei] V. a. (med.) 1. 
to bring on, to cause, to occasion as- 
phxixy ; 2. to suffocate. 

S'asphyxier, pr. v. 1. to destroy o.'s 
self by asphyxy ; 2. to suffocate o.'s 

ASPIC [aspic] n. m. 1. (erp.) aspic; 
asp; 2. slanderer; S. (bot.) aspic; 
common lavender ; 4. (culin.) cold fish ; 

5. (culin.) cold meat with jelly. 

Une langue d' , a vipers tongue; a 

ASPIRANT, E [8.-pi-ran, t] adj. (of 
nwmps) sucking ; suction. 

ASPIRANT, n. in. E, n. f. 1. (a, af- 
ter, for) aspirant; 2. {'a., for) candi- 
date ; 8. (nav.) midshipman. 

de marine, (nav.) midshipman. 

ASPIRATEUR [as-pi ra-teur] n. m. 

(t.hT-8.) (of air-pumps) ^hatister. 

ASPIRATION [a.-pi-ra-H6n] n. f. 1. t 
t'i/i; {ration (drawing into the lungs) ; 2. 
1 inJialing ; 3. (a, after) aspiration ; 
.Hpli-ing ; 4. (of flnids) suction; suck- 
'Mtj ; I. (of pumv) exhaustion; 6. 
(rr.'ii.) asjnration ; 7. (Gr. gram.) 
}') thing; 8. (pliys.) exhaustion; 9. 
(Uicat) aspiration. 

D" , ( V. senses) (phys.) exhausting. 
Tjyau d' , 1. (tecli.) suctum-pipe ; 2. 
ea-ha ustin g-pipe. 

ASPtRft. E [H8-pi-r6] adj. 1. (gram.) as- 
pirated; 2. {\t\\ys.) exhausted. 

Non , 1. (gram.) unaspirated ; 2. 
(pliys.) unexhaU'Sted. 

A3PIR^>E. n. f. (srram.) aspirate. 

ASPIRER, V. a. (. 1 to inspire (draw 
Into tlie lungs); 2. 1 to inhale; ** to 
drink ; 3. 1 to suck (fluids) ; to suck in ; 
to suck up ; 4. II to sniff'; 5. ij to snuff in ; 

6. (a, to, after) to aspire ; 7. (gram.) 
to aspirate ; 8. (pliys.) to exhaust. 

y. Pair, to inhale air. 6. aux honneurs, to 
asjtire to htnwrs. 

Porsonne qui aspire, (K senses) 1. | 
inhaler of; 2. aspiring man, woman. 

8' ASPIRER, pr. V. ( Fi senses) 1. to suck ; 
8. (gram.) to be aspirated; to aspi- 

ASPIRER, V. n. I. I to inspire {draw 
air into the lungs); 2. (a, to, after) to 

AS PRE [a-pr] n. m. as/ier (Turkish 

ASSA-F(ETIT)A [ a-a-K ti-da ] n. f. 
(pharm.) assafxiida. 

AssAiLLAis, ind. imperf. 1st, 2d sing. 


AssAiLi.ANT, pres. p. 

ASSAILLANT [a-a-iaa*] n. m. assail- 
U'U; assaulter. 

AssAiLLE, ind. * subj. pres. 1st, 3d 
(ting. ; impera. 2d sins of Assaillir. 

ASSAir^LIR [a-H-ir*] V. a. (assail- 
tsr; ASSAii.u; ind. pres. assatli.e; 
Biibj. prc3. assaiixe) 1. 1 to assail; to 
j%sauU; 2. to assail; to attack; to 
come upon. 

Qu'on ne pc\it , 1 unassailable. 

AssAiLLi, E, pa. p. V. senses of As- 


Non , 1. B unossailed ; unassanlted; 
I. unassallel; unattacked ; un- 

AssAiLLiT, ind. pret. 8d sing, of Assai- 

Assaill5t, siibj. imperf. 3d sing. 

ASSAINIR [a-84-nir] V. a. to make, to 
render health^, wholesome, salubrious. 

ASSAINISSEMENT [a-sJ-ni-a-mai.] n. 

m. 1. ( action ) making, rendering 
healthy, tcJialesome, salubrious; 2. 
(state) salubrity; healthiness; whole- 

ASSAISONNEMENT [ a-Bi-io-n-man ] 

n. m. 1. II seasoning ; 2. |1 seasoner 
(thing that seasons). 

ASSAISONNER [a-se-zo-ne] V. a. 1. J 
(avec, with) to season ; 2. (de, with) 
to season; 3. to give a zest, relish to; 
to render, to inake palatable, agree- 
able ; 4. to lieighten ; to set off; 5. 
(b. s.) to temper. 

1. de la vidude avec des t^pices, to acas n 
meat with spices. 2. la conversation de pla san 
teriss, to seas Ji convenalion with j calaritfj. 3. 11 
suit I'art il' la loi aiige, he understands the art 
Iff rt^nderinfr praise ajrreeal-Ie. 

AssAisoNME, e, pa. p. V. renses of As- 


Non , 11 unseasoned. 

ASSAISONNEUR [a-sj-a>-i; r] n. m. 
^ seasoner. 

ASSASSIN [a-sa-sin] n. m. 1. murder- 
er, m. ; murderess, t; assassin, m. f. ; 
manslayer ; 2. (hist) assassin. 

gage, salariu. hired assassin. En 
, 1. := -like; like an =, a m,urderer ; 
2. murderously. A 1" ! murder ! Crier 
a r , to cry out murder. 

ASSASSIN, E [a-a-9Tn, i-n] adj. 1. \ 
murderous; 2. ^murderous; killing; 

ASSASSINAT [a-sa-si-na] n. m. 1. 1 

murder; assassination; 'i.% ruffianly 
act; act of a ruffian; 3. (law) murder ; 
wilful m urder. 

D" , of murder, assassination; as- 
sassinating. Conimettre un , to per- 
petrate, to commit a murder. 

ASSASSINATEUR [a-sa-si-na-teur] n. 

m. X assassin (person tliat causes ano- 
ther to assassinate); murderer. 

ASSASSINER [a-sa-si-n^] V. a. 1. 1 to 
murder; to assassinate ; 2. toassaidt 
in a I'uffianly manner; 3. ^ to 
plague, to tire to death ; to plague a. 
o.^s life out; to kill ; ^ to bore to death ; 
to bore. 

ASSAUT [a-sA] n. m. 1. (m'll) assault ; 
2. II assault; onset; shock; 3. assault; 
attack; sliock; s (pi.) violence; 4. 
(of rain) beating; pelting; s (pi.) 
violence; 5. (of wind, storms) blast; 
gust ; 8 (pi.) violence ; 6. (feuc.)/e?ic- 

Le premier , the first plunge ; 
rude , 1. * violent assazilt; 2. sharp 
onset; 3. buffet; buffeting; d'armes, 
fencing -match. Donner 1" , to assaidt; 
to storm ; donner 1' a, to assault; to 
storm ; omportcr, prendre d' , to car- 
ry, to take by assa ult, storm ; faire , 
faire un , (fenc.) to have a fencing - 
match; tofight,to have a round; faire, 
livrer un , to make an assault; faire 
de p, 1. to vie in ; to vie tvith each 
other in; 2. ^ to bandy ; livrer V , to 
storm ; prendre d' , to take by assa ult, 
storm; repousser une , to repel an 
attack ; soutcnir 1' , un , to stand Vie 
attack. A quoi on n"a pas donne, livro 
r , unassanlted, unattacked. 

ASSE [a-s] termination of first person 
singular, imperfect tense, subjunctive 
mood of verbs of the first conjugation. 

ASSi:CIIER [a-8-8h] V. a. (mining) to 
drain (a mine). 

ASSECHER, V. n. (of a rock or bank 
which becomes visible at low water) to 
be, appear dry. 

ASSEMBLAGE [a-sSn-Ua-j] n. m. 1. 5 
assemblage ; 2. collection ; gather- 
ing ; union; 3. (b. s.) jumble; 4. 
(book-s., print) gathenng ; 5. (carp.) 
bond; 6. (join.) scarf; scarfing; 7. 
(mill.) cou.piing ; 8. (nav.) (of ilie beams) 

disparate, (b. s.) patch-^work. 

ASSEMBLi:E [a-san-ble] n. f. 1. 4. as 
se^nbly ; 2. (pers.) assenudage ; 3. {o{ 
Jeliberative bodies) assembly ; meeting ; 
4. convention; con/vocation; 5. compa- 

ny ; party ; C. (of churcLcf) congrega 
lion; 7. (hunt) meeting-xl- H'e; meet 

acadcmiquc, convocatiyn ; clioi- 
sie, select assembly; coiistituante 
(Fr. hist.) constituent assembly ; grands 
, large, numerous assembly, meeting; 
Legislative, (Fr. hist) Legislative as- 
sembly; Nat\or\&]e, Mitional Assem- 
bly ; du clergo, convocation. Lieii, 
place d' , 1. place of assembly; 2 
meoiiing-place ; quartier d' , (mil.) 1. 
place of assembly; 2. alarm-post; 
salle d' , assembly-room. Convoqucr, 
reunir une , to convene a meeting; 
congeclier, dlssoudre ane , to dissolve n 
m,eetin-g ; se reunir en publique, to 
meet in public assembly ; rompre une 
, to break up an as,sembly, a meet- 
ing, a party ; tenir son , to receive 
one^s ccrmpany ; tenir une , to Iwld an 
assembly, a meeting. L' se tient, tliA 
assemhli/ is held, liolden. 

AS8E.MBLER [a-sao-bi*] v. a. 1. to cw- 
semble; to bring, to call together ; 2. to 
collect; to gather ; to get together ; 3. to 
put together; 4. (book-s., print) to 
gather ; 5. (build.) to trim in; 0. (carp.) 
to triin ; 7. (join.) to scarf; 8. (mil.) to 

Assemble, e, pa. p. F! senses of Assem- 

Non , 1. nnasse^nbled ; 2. uncol- 
lected; 3. (carp.) untri7nmed ; 4. (bocks, 
(print) ungathered. 

S"ASSE.MiiLER, pr. V. 1. to assemble; to 
meet; 2. to get together ; 8. (in crowds) 
to troop ; to muster ; to flock togetlier ; 
4. (of books) to be gathered. 

en grand nombre,= in large num- 
bers ; *{ to m uster strong. 

Sun. AssEMRLKR, JoiNKKE, UNiR. Asseml'er 
means to bring different objects tf getlier; jtAndr^, 
to bring them in contact with each other: untr, to 
fasten them together in such a way trat Inej* 
make but one <.bjeot. A cari>enter assemble (briiuj- 
together) the pieces of whicii lie would comiMtae 
his work, when he arranges Iheni one after 110 
ther in their proper order; he /'ii (_//(*) them, 
when he places them so as to touch ; he vriti; 
(unites) them- Ly nails anil screws so that (hej 
cnnri'it be taken ajiart. 

ASSEMBLEIJ-R [n-siin-bleur] n. m. SiS 
[bioii-z] n. f. 1. 1 colle<:tor ; gatherer; 2 
gatherer (of books). 

de nuages %, cloud-compeller (Ju- 

ASS^NER [a-s-n6] v. a, to strike (u 
blow) ; K to deal. 

ASSENT [as] termination of 3d per- 
son plural, liniieifect tense, subjunctive 
mood of verbs of the 1st conjugation. 

^ASSENTIMENT [a-san-ti-man] n. m. 
(a, to) assent. 

Personne qui donne son , assenter. 
En signc d" , as a sign of assent; as- 
seniingly. Donner son , to assent 
(to) ; to give o.'s =: to ; to assent to. 

ASSENTIR [a-siin-tir] V. n. (law, philos.) 
(a, to) to assent 

ASSEOlR [a-soar] V. a. irreg. (assey- 
A.NT, Assis; ind. pres. assieds; nol'S a8- 
SEVO.Ns; pret assis; fut assierai, as- 
SEYERAi ; subj. pres. asseve) 1. 1| to set ; 2. 
1 to seat (a. o.); 3. || to lay ; to place; to 
put; 4. II to fix; 5. to found ; to estab- 
lish ; G. to base ; to ground ; 7. to set 
lie (an annuity); 8. to sink (a founda 
tion); 9. to seide (an annuity, a pension), 
10. to lay (a tax); 11. to pitch (a tent), 
12. (mil.) to pitch (a camp); 13. (man.) 
to train. 

S'Assf;oiK, pr. v. 1. to sit doicn ; to sit ; 
to set o.'s se/fdoicn ; to seat o.'s self; it- 
take o.'s seiit ; 2. (of birds) to alight ; tn 

fitre a^si.s, 1. to sit doicn ; to be seated; 
2. (of buildings, towns, etc.) to stttnd; to 
be situated ; faire asseoir, 1. to seat; 2. 
to give a seat to ; 3. to make (a. o.) sii 
dotcn ; 4. to admit (to a. o.'s table); rw- 
ter assis, to {-eep o.'s seat; to re^mtir, 
seated. Assoyez-vous I he seated 1 si: 
down ! donnez-vous la i>eine de vons t 
seoir, vcuillez-vous asseoir! asseycz-\ one, 
je vous pile, je vous en prie 1 pray be 
seated ! pray sit down ! 

ASSERMKNT6, E [aafsr-n-jin-ti], 
(adm.) svcorn. 

ASSERMENTER [-r-iti- t#] r. u 
(adm.) to sfear. 




a mal; a male; e fee; e Rve; i fete; ('je; i 11; i ile; o mol; ^ mole; 6 mort; w sue; (5 ure; om Jour ; 

ASSEETI-F, VE [a *r-iif, i-v] adj. 
^rtid.) iTiscriive. 

ASSERTION [.r-.i6n] n. f. a^eer- 

fausse, false =; untruth, 

ASSERV'IE [a-i^r-vir] V. a. (A, to) 1. J 
to reduce to servitude, to a state of 7er- 
TiUude ; 2. II to entlirall : to enslave ; to 
Tuiduc; to iuhject; 3. J to subdue; to 
iXmiv-er ; to master. 

^ssEKvi, E, pa. p V. senses of As- 


Noa , ( V. senses of Asservih) 1. | 
u<ie!islaved ; unenthralled ; 2. %unsub- 
Hued ; union quered ; unmastered. 

ASSEKVISSABLE [a-./Sr-vi-sa-bl] adj. 
ihat can he entftrallea, enslaved, sub- 

ASSEEVISSANT, E |;-86r-vi-tBn, t] adj. 
(th.) 1. [ enslaving ; oj servitude; 2. 

ASSERVISSEMENT [a-.6r-vU-mSn] n. 

tn. 1. I servitude; 2. enthralment ; 
slaceri/; subdual; subjection. 

ASSES [ii-] termination of 2d person 
eingular, Imperfect tense, subjunctive 
mood of verbs of tlie first conjugaiion. 

ASSESSEUK [a-B^-Bcur] n. m. assessor 

adjoint, co-assessor. Cour des s, 
assessionari/ court. 

AssEVAis, ind. inipcrf. 1st, 2d sing, of 


AssEYANT, pres. p. 

AssEVE, AssEiE, subj. prcs. 1st, 8d sing. 
A88EYENT, AssEiENT, ind. & subj. prcs. 


Pit 1st sing. 


oocd. 1st, 2d sing. 

AssEYONS, ind. pres. & impera. 1st pi. 

ASSEZ [a-B6] adv. 1. enough; 2. suffi- 
nlvntly; tolerably ; ratlier ; pretty ; 3. 

1. ^ df temps est toxijnurs pen , time enoiieli 
j;<t.^/'/s prnvii iittle euoiigh, '2. bien, tolerabl>', 
(.i-jltj uell. 

da, enough of; a sufficiency of; 
Me), en voiKI (de)"l fuive done 
(V Itli) ! ... pour, so ... as ; Avoir 
lb, to hare =, a sufficiency of; en 
woir , 1. to have =:, a sufficiency of 
it, them, etc.; 2. 1 to be satisfied; en 
avoir plus qu" , 1. to have more than 
=, a sufficiency of it, them ; 2. ^ to be 
rat/ier more t/ian satisfied. C'est ! 
e'en est 1 that's =:! en voila 1 1. 
that's = 1 that is of it .' 2. 1 tliat vt'ill 

[AssEz prect des the mlj., adv., or n., and requires 
de before a noun. V. Ex. 1.] 

8{in. AasEZ, suffisamment. Astez {fnrmgh') 
has reference to what one wislies to liave ; snjfiiairi- 
ment {aiijficient) U> what one wishes to employ for 
some special pnrp< se. The miser never has atsez 
(enou^A), altiiough he niaylinve sitffisaminent {auf 
ficient) to buy a whole town. 

ASSIDU, E [a-si-du] adj. 1. (a, in, to; 
AUi'RES DE, to) assiduous; 2. (a, in) as- 
siduous ; diligent ; iiidustrious. 

Pen , ( V. senses) unindustrious. 

ASSIDUITY [u-si-du-i-t^] n. f. 1. (A, in, 
p) assiduity; 2. , (sing.) s, (pi.) 
(AurRKS, de) assiduities, nl. ; 8. (a, in) 
assiduity ; applioaiion ; ailigence ; in- 

ASSIDtlMENT [a-.i-du-ni8n] adv. 1. 
iisidiiouiily ; 2. assiduously; dili- 
jcntly ; industriously. 

Assik:d, ind. pres. 3d sing, of A sseoir. 

AssiEDS, in'i pres. Ist, 2d sing. ; im- 
pr ra. 2d sing. 

A5SI]^:0E [-ifc-je] n. m. besieged. 

ASSIltr.EANT, E [a-sit-jAn, t] adj. be- 

ASSlftOEANT, n. m. besieger. 

ASSlfcOEK [a-.i(5-j^'] v. a. 1. I to be- 
^oge ; to lay siege to; 2. (de, with) to 
htMe/je ; 8. (liK, mth) to beset; 4. (de, 
Vth) to dun. 

AssiEtiAi, ind, fill, 1st sing, of As- 

Aksieuais. cond. 1st, 2d sing. 

ASSIETTE [asii-i] n. f \. [position 
(manner of lying, .sitting, of being placed) ; 
2. I situation (of a house, a town, a for- 
trossV 8 '^ proper position, place; 4. 
tiote (disposition ofo.'s mind) ; humor ; 

5. (of the taxes) assessment ; 6. (arch.) 
sif-e ; 7. (man.) seat ; 8. (man.) balance 
ofthi body ; 9. (nav.) (of the ship) trim. 

7. I Hidre s.'in , Vt lose one'a seat. 

N'ttre pas dans son , 1. || (th.) not to 
be in o.'s proper situation, pdace ; 2. 
(pers.) not to feel as usual ; \ to be out 
of sorts ; faire V de, to assess (taxes) ; 
reprendre son , to recover one's equa- 

ASSIETTE, n. f. 1. plate (small dish); 
2. plate ; plateful. 

blanche, clean plats; creuse, 
deep =. de dessert, dessert- = ; a 
soupe, soup- =. Piqueur d" , pique- 
, parasite ; ^ sponger. Piquer 1 , 
les s, to sponge. Son dine pour lui, 
he must pay for his dinner, tJwugh he 
does not eat it. 

ASSIETT15:E ra-siJ-t] n. f. plateful. 

ASSIGNABLE [a-si-gna-bi*] adj. as- 

ASSIGNANT [a-si-gnan*"j n. m. Xplain- 

ASSIGNAT [a-si-gna*] n. m. assignat 
(paper money of the French repu'.fic). 

ASSIGNATION [a-si-gna-sion*] n. f. 1. 
assignation ; 2. (of a dower) assign- 
ment; 3. (com.) check; 4. (fm.) trans- 
fer ; 5. (law) writ; 6. Qa.\\) summons ; 
7. (law) (of witnesses) subpcena ; 8. { 
appointment; engagement. 

Donner une a q. u., to have a writ 
out against a. o. ; signifler a q. u. une 
, (law) to serv>e a writ upon a. o. 

ASSIGN^: [a-si-gni*] n. m. E, n. f. 
(law) defendant (upon writ or sum- 

ASSIGNEE, V. a. (a, to) 1. to assign; 
2. to allot ; 3. to allow ; 4. (law) to as- 
sign; 5. (law) to summon; 6. (law) to 
subpoena (a witness). 

Personne qui assigne, assigner (of). 
fltre assigne sur les brouillards de la 
Seine, to be payable at Aid gate pump ; 
obtenir permission d' , obtenir un pcr- 
mis d' centre q. u., (law) to take out a 
tcrit against a. o. ; to serve a writ upon 
a. 0. 

ASSIMILABLE [a-si-mi-la-bi] adj. (did.) 

_ ASSIMILATION [a-si-mi-Ia-sion] n. f. 

(a, to, icith) 1. assimilation; 2. (did.) 
assimilation; 3. (phys.) assimilation; 
4 (physlol.) appropriation, 

ASSIMILER [a-si-mi-ld] v. a. 1. (a, to) 
to assimilate; 2. (a) to liken (to); to 
co7npare (with); 3. (did.) to assimilate. 

S'assi.miler, pr. v. 1. to compare o.'s 
self; 2. (did.) to assimilate. 

Assis, ind. prcL 1st, 2d sing, of As- 


Assis, E fa-si, i-z] pa. p. V. senses of 
AssEOiR and S'asseoie. 

Mal , 1. xmstable; 2. unsorted ; 8. 
(of credit) unsound. 

ASSIS [a-si] n. m. % remaining seated. 

Par et leve, (pari.) by rising or re- 
maining seated. 

ASSISE [n-si-z] n. f 1. (build.) course; 
2. (geol.) layer; 3. (geol., mines) stra- 

Cours d' , (build.) course; mafon- 
nerie par s, par s reglces (build.) 
coursed work. Par s, par s reglees, 
(build.) coursed; sans , (mas.) wn- 

ASSISES [a-si-z] n. f. pi. 1. + (hist) 
assises (council); 2. (law) assize, as- 

Cour d' , des , 1. court qf-=; 2. 
court of jail delivery. Conseiller, jugo 
de la cour d' , 1. .jiistice of assize ; 2. 
justice of jail delivery; liste des ac- 
cuses d'une session do la cour d' , 
calendar ; session do la cour d' , ses- 
sion of jail deliver;/. Jnger aux , to 
try at the assizes; renvoycr q. u. aux 
, ordonner le renvoi de q. u. aux , 
to fnd an indictment against a. o. ; 
i'tre renvoy6 dcvant la cour d' , to be 
bound over to take o.'s tri<d ; tenir les 
, to hold the assizes ; tenir ses dans 
ane maison , (pers.) to be t/ie oracle of 
a liouse. 

Absisse, sn^. Iniperf. Ist sing, of As- 


ASSISTANCE r--ia-] t 1- a"- 

sisfance; aid; help; 2. (of public ftmo- 
tionaries) attendance ; 3. t audience ; 
company / 4. t (of a church) congrega- 

aux cours de justice, (feud, law) (oH 
vassals) suit. Avec voire , uitli your 
help ; sans , unaided, Demander rA- 
clamer 1' de, 1. to beg, to request thA 
assistance of; 2. to call in; donner, 
prefer , to give, to lend assistance. 

ASSISTANT, E [a-sis-tan, t] adj. a& 
sistant. ' 

ASSISTANT, n. m. E, n. f. 1. person 
present; * assistant; 2. bystander; 
looker on; 3. (of priests and religioiu- 
orders) assistant. 

ASSISTEE [] v. a. 1. to assihi; 
to aid ; to help; 2. to succor; to be a 
succorer of; 3. to attend (officially). 

fitre assist6 de, 1. to be assisted by ; 

2. to be attended by ; se faire de, 1. to 
proc^^,re, to get the assistance of; % 
(officially) to be attended by. Dieu vous 
assiste ! God help you ! 

ASSISTEE, V. n. 1. (a, at) to he pre- 
sent; * to assist; 2. (a,...) to attend 
(...); 3. to stand by ; to look on ; 4. (oi 
judges) to sit on t/ie bench (at a trial). 

a une lefon, to attend a lecture; 
aux cours tie justice, (feud, law) to do 
stiit. Personne qui assiste, assister. 

AssiT, ind. prcL 3d sing, of Asseoir. 

AssiT, subj. iniperf 8d sing. 

ASSOCIATION [a-so-si-a-won] n. 1. 
association ; 2. Q)ers.) confederacy ; 3. 
(pers.) society; 4. (i:om.) partnership. 

douaniere, des douanes, (cust.) com- 
mercial league; illegale, (law) con- 
federacy ; conspiracy; de seconre 
m\\t\xe\s, friendly, benejit society. Con- 
trat d' , deed of partnership; mem- 
bre d'une , 1. member of an associa- 
tion; 2. (b. 8.) associator. I)i8soudr<? 
une , (aom.) to dissolve a partiiership; 
faire une avec q. u., (com.) to enter, to 
go, into partnership with a. o. Qui up 
fait pas partie d'une , una^iociaied. 

ASSOClfi [a-so-si-6] n. m. E, n. f. I, 
associate ; companion ; 2. (of learuiil 
societies) associate ; fellow ; r.wmber ; 

3. (com.) partner ; 4. (law) copaitner; 

5. (play) partner: 

commanditaire, (com.) dormant, 
sleeping partner; gcrant, marxiy- 
ing =; principal, directeur, chief; 
principal; senior. 

ASSOCIEE [a-so-.i-6] V. a. 1. (a, avec, 
to, with) to associate ; 2. (g. s.) (a) to 
admit to a participation (of) ; 8. (b. s.) 
(a, to) to make a, o. a party; 4. to 
unite; to join; 5. to associate (ideas); 

6. (com.) to take into partnership). 
S'associer, pr. v. 1. (k, to) to associate 

o.'s self; 2. (a, AYEC,with) to associate; 
8. (g. s.) (A, of) to admit to a partiet- 
pation ; 4. (b. s.) (a, to) to make a. o. a 
party; 5. (a, in) to participate; tc 
take part. 

q. u., (com.) to take a. o. into part- 
nership ; avec q. u., to enter into 
partnership tc-ith a. o. 

AssoiE, subj. pres. 1st, 8d sing, of As- 
seoir. , , 

AssoiENT, ind. & subj. pres. 8d pi. 

Assoirat. ind. fut 1st sin^. 

Assoirais, cond. 1st, 2d smg. 

Assois, ind. pres. 1st, 2d sing. ; imjteia. 
2d sing. 

AssoiT, ind. pres. 3d sing. 

ASSOLEMENT [a-so-1-mau] n. m. (a^.) 
distribution of crops. 

ASSOLEE [a-so-i^] V. 1. (agr.) to dU- 
tribiUe the crops (of). 

ASSOMBEIE [a-son-b -] V. a. to f'i- 
scure; to darken. 

ASSOMBEIE, V. n. to become, to tfivu 
dark, gloomy. 

ASSOMMANT, E [as-o-mni.,t] adj. 51. 
overwhelming ; overpoirering ; 2 mest 
tiresome, wearisome, tedious. 

^tre , tobe = ; j^~ to be a great 

ASSOMM ER [ns-so.m] v. a. 1. r tofM ; 
to kill; 2. I to b^'Ut to death; 3. II to 
knockdown; 4. || tobsatunm.ercifulJyj 
i to beat about; ^ to knock about; ,* 
to overwhelm ; to overpower ; 6. i tc 
lire, to v:eo^ry,toplagi*io death; ^ tc 



oil joute; jeu; jeune; ft peur; an pan; J?i ptn; on bon; un binn; !! Uq. 

*gn Hq. 

pitipuc o.' M/e oi(<; to tire out; to 
weary otU; ^W" to pester; J^" to 

AS80MMEUE [a.-.o-meur] n. m./eUer 
(of cxen). 

ASSOMMOIE [asBo-moar] n. m. 1. trap 
(for aniinaln): 2. bludgeon. 

Ck up d' , 1. I blow loiih a bludgeon ; 
t ^ dreadful, terrible blow, stroke 
(averwhelmiiiit event). 

ASSOMPTl-F, VE [a-somp-Uf, Uv] adj. 
(log.) assumptive. 

ASSOMPTION [a-.omp-ion] n. f. 1. (log.) 
aisu7nptio7i ; 2. (ral.) Assvmption ; 3. 
(Eoiii. catli. rel.) Assumption-day. 

Le jour de 1' , Assumption-day, 


ASSONANCE [a-.o-nau-s] n. f. (rliet) 

ASSONANT, E [a-M-nan.t] adj. (rhct) 

ASSOIIATII, n. m. V. Sonna. 

ASSOKTIMENT [..-Mr-ii-min] n. m. 1. 
(uitablene^ss ; match ; 2. assortment ; 
8. set (collection) : 4. suit (collection) ; 5. 
(com.^ assortment. 

3. Un riche de pierreries, a rick aet ofjewe'a. 

Grand , large assortment. Livres 
d' , ( book-s. ) miscellaneous stock. 
Faire , to suit; to match. 

ASSOETIIi [a-.or-tir] y. a. 1. to Suit; 
2. to match; d,to pair; 4. (com.) (de, 
tcit/i) to stock ; to supp/ly. 

AssoKTi, E, pa. p. 1. suited ; sorted ; 2. 
matched ; 8. paired. 

Bien , iceU =; ; mal , 1. ill ^; 2. 
unsuited ; unsorted ; 3. unpaired. 

S'assoetir, pr. v. 1. to suit ; to agree ; 
2. to inatch; 3. to pair. 

ASSOETIE, V. n. (a, avec, with) 1. to 
mit; to agree; 2. to match. 

adj. (a) sxdtable {to) ; becoming (...). 

ASSOTEE [a-8o-t6] V. a. (de, with) to 
infatuate ; to besot. 

S"assotee, pr. V. (de, vnth) to be in- 

ASSOUPI, E [a-eoii-pi] adj. 1. drjtcsy ; 
i. drowsy-headed. 

ASSOUPIE [a-.ou-pir] V. a. 1. ! fo 
tnake, to render drowsy ; ** to drowse ; 
2. to lull (pain) ; .3. to still ; to hush ; 
to quiet; 4. to hush up (a. tli. bad) ; 5. 
to stop ; to put a stop to ; 6. to appease 
(a difference); 1. % to quell (a disturb- 

tre assoupi, <o be drotc/qf ; to doze. 

S'assoui'ir, pr. v. 1. 1 to be drowsy ; to 
drowse; to dose ; to slumber; 2. (of 
pain) to lull; 8. to die away, to dimi- 

Passer h , to doze oiU ; perdre it , 
to doze awa>/. 

ASSOUPI'SSANT, E [ a-.ou-pi-!n, t ] 
adj. 1. 11 drousy ; * slumberous ; slum- 
bery ; 2. drowsy ; sleepy ; 3. (ined.) 
soporific; narcotic. 

'i. Un (iisco'lrs , a sleepv tVntcoura*. 

ASSOUPISSEMENT [ a.,o.i-pi-.-man ] 
n. m. 1. 1 drowsiness ; sleepiness ; slum- 
ber ; heaviness ; 2. drowsiness; 3. 
supineness ; carelessness ; 4. (med.) 

ASSOUPLIE [a-.ou-piir] V. a. 1. II 'o 
render ; to make supple ; to supple ; 2. 
g to hcifid ; 8. (man.) to break. 

S'assouplir, pr. v. 1. || to become, to 
get supple, pliamt; to supple; 2. to 

ASSOUEDIE [a-Mur-dir] V. a. 1. (of 
noise) to deafen ; 2. (of noise) to stun ; 
8. to muffe, to muffle up (a bell) ; 4. 
(nav.) to m uffle, to muffle up (an oar) ; 5. 
(paint.) to darken. 

Oter ce qui assourdit, to unmuffle (a 

A8S0UEDISSANT,E [a.iour-di-in, t] 
wlj. (of noise) 1. deafening ; 2. stun- 

ASSOL . iK [a-ou-vir] V. a. (df., with) 
1. I to satiate ; 2. to gorge ; 3. to glut ; 
1. to gratify. 

Assouvi, E, pa. p. 1 \. satiated; 2. gor- 
ged; 8. glutted. 

Non , ( r. senses) 1. unsatiated ; 2. 
wngorged ; nngratifid. 

S'assouvir, pr. V. '(i)E, witli>i \.\% to 
ye satiated ; 2. to gorge ; 3. to be glutted. 

ASS0UVIS8EMENT [a-sou-vi-.-mnn] 

n. ni. 1 1. satiating; 2. gorging; 3. 
glutting ; 4. gratification. 
AssoYAis, ind. linperC 1st sing, of As- 


AssoYANT, pres. p. 

AssoYOKS, ind. pres. & impera. tst pi. 

ASSUilEUS [a-8u--ru] p. n. m Aha- 


ASSU.IETTIE [a-su-j^-tir] V. a. 1. J to 
subject; to bring under ubjection ; to 
subdue ; 2. to subject ; to subdue ; to 
enthral ; to keep under ; 3. (a, to) to 
bind (to oblige) ; \ to tie down; 4. {d, 
to) to constrain ; to compel; to oblige; 
to force ; 5. (tech.) to faMen ; to stay ; 
to make fast, firm, steady; 6. (tech.) to 
imbed ; 7. (tech.) (with pins) to wedge; 
to wedge in. 

AssuJETTi, E, pa. p. ( F; senses of As- 
SUjetiik) 1 (a, to) in subjection. 

Non , 1. S unmibjected ; unsub- 
dued ; 2. unenthralled. 

S'asstjjettir, pr. v. {V. senses of As- 
bujettir) (a, to) to sulject o.'s self; 
to s^dimit, 

ASSUJETTISSANT, E [a-.u-j-ti-Ban, t] 
aAi- (th-) ! ^^i* keeps in subjection ; 
2. confining ; ^ that ties down. 

tre , 1. to keep in sultjection ; 2. 
to require constant attendance ; to tie 

man] n. m. 1. J subjection ; 2. subjec- 
tion; enthralment; 8. (a, to) bind- 
ing ; tyingdown; 4. ^ constraint ; tie ; 
5. co7)finem.ent 

ASSUMEE [a-su-md] v. n. to assume 
(the responsibility of a. th.). 

ASSUEANCE [a-su-ran-s] n. f. 1. as- 
surance; 2. assurance; confidence; 
reliance; trust; 8. safety; security; 

4. security ; warranty ; 5. (com.) insu- 
ranee; assurance; underioriting. 

maritime, (com.) marine, ship in- 
surance; mutuellc, contribution; 

sur risques ordinaires, common = ; 

sur un objet determine, special =::^; 

contre Tincendie, fire- =: ; sur la 
vie, life- =.. Bureau d' s, =^ -office; 
chambre des s, marine ^= -company ; 
= -office ; compagnie d" mutuelle, con- 
trilnition-society ; courtier d' s, = - 
broker; en lieu d" , in a safe, .secure 
place ; livre d' s, = -book ; police d" , 
policy qf=i ; prime d' , premium of-=. 
En toute , tn perfect assurance; in 
full reliance; sans , 1. unassured ; 
2. unsatiguine ; S. (com.) uninsured; 
unassured. Anmiler ime , to cancel 
an = , avoir 1' de, qne, 1. to liave Vi^ 
assurance of, that; 2. to be, to feel con- 
fident of, that; cffectuer, opi-rer une , 
(com.) to effect an =: ; faire des s, 
(com.) to iiisure ; to underwrite ; signer, 
souscrire des polices d' , to injure ; to 
underwrite, II n'y a point d' , il n"y a 
nulle a prendre en lui, thsre is no re- 
liance to be placed on him. 

ASSUEl?:, E [a..u-rf] ndj. 1. secure; 
2. sure; certain; positive; 3. of as- 
surance; bold; 4. (b. s.) bold; impu- 
dent; 5. (com.) insured ; assured. 
Non, pen , ( V. senses of Assurer) 
1. insecure; 2. uwnire; uncertain; 3. 
devoid of assurance ; 4. (com.) unin- 
sured ; unassured. Susceptible d'etre 
, (com.) insurable. 

ASSUE;^, n. m. E, n. (com.) in- 

ASSUE6MENT [a-iu-rf-mSn] adv. as- 
suredly; surely; positively; sure; to 
be sure. 

ASSUEEE [a-tu-r] V. a. (a, to) 1. J to 
secure (render stable); 2. 1 to steady ; 3. 
1 to fasten ; 4. to secure ; to give safe- 
ty to; 5. to secure; to make sure; 6. 
to secure; to guarantee ; 1. to assert; 
8. to assure , 9. to give boldness, assu- 
rance to; 10. (com.) to insure; to as- 
sure; 11. (man.) to accustom to the bit 

1. un nmr^t'/ secure a wa//. 2. q. ch. qui 
vacille, iu steady a. Ih. thai vaci/lates. 3. une 
planche avec un clou, lo fasten apJanJc with a nail. 

5. sa furtune, s n pouvoir, to secure o. V fortune, 
o.^ap'ncer. 1. un fait, (o assert a fact. S. q- u. 
de q. ch., to assure a. o. of a. th. 9. la main, to 
give b'jldness tu the hand. 

tro assort, ( V. senses) to b, to rc& 

S' ASSURER, pr. V. 1. (of, . . .) to secure ; 

2. (de) to make sure (of); 8. (de,...j 
to secure (a. o.) ; to make (a. o.) o.s ou>n ; 
4. (de) to ascertain (a. th., that) ; to sa 
tisfy o.'s self {of a. th.); 5. (de, of) to bo, 
to feel assured, confident (of &. tb.) ; 
6. (dans, en) to trust {in); to put c,''6 
trust {in) ; to rely {on) ; to place c. i 
reliance {on). 

ASSUEEUE [a-.u-reur] n. m. (coic.) 
insurer ; assurer ; underwriter. 

ASSYEIE (L') [la-si-ri] p. n. t (geog,) 

ASTlfelSME [as-t^-is-m] n. m. (rhet) 

ASTEE [a-t*r] n. m. (bot) (genus" 
star-^cort ; ^ Chi-istmas daisy. 

AST^EIE [as-t^-ri] n. f. 1. (min.) star- 
stone; 1. (zooph.) aster; asterias ; 1 
star-fi.ih ; sea-star. 

potriflce, asteriatite. 

ASTfiEISME [a^t-ri-in] n. m. (astr.) 

AST6EISQUE [asterisk] n. m. 
(print.) asteHsk ; star. 

ASTIli:NIE [as t-n(] n. f (med.) as- 
thenia ; 1 depression of vital pou:er. 

ASTHiSNIQUE [as-tf-ni-k] adj. (med.) 

ASTHMATIQUE [a-ma-U-k] adj. 
(med.) asthmatic. 

ASTHME [as-m] n. m. (med.) asthma. 

ASTIC [ns-tik] n. m. polishing-stick ; 
polisher (of slioemakers). 

ASTICOT [as-ii-ko] n. m. (helm.) gen- 

ASTICOTEE [as-ti-ko-t^] V. a 1 to aii- 
noy : to tease; to plague. 

ASTIQUEE ra.-ti-k6] V. a. to polish. 

ASTEAGALE [a-tra-ga-l] n. m. 1. 
(anat.) astragalus ; talus ; ^ ankia- 
bone ; 2. (arch.) astragal ; 8. (bot.) as- 
tragal; ^milk vetch; ^crow-toe; \ 
(gild., \\s.\X{i.) filet. 

Orncr d'tm , (arch.) to fillet. 

ASTEAKIIAN [a.-tra-kmi] p. n. (^'OS ) 

ASTEAL, E [as-trai] adj. astral. 

ASTEE [a.-tr] n. m. 1. (astr.) /y<tl 
star; star; 2. \ star (heavenly body); 

3. ** star (of day, of night) ; 4. (astrol.) 

Description des s, astrography. 
AST1:6E [a.-tr6] n. 1. (astr.) asirea; 
2. (zoopli.) astrea. 
Astrkignais, ind impcrf Ist, 2d sing. 


AsTRKioNANT, pres. p. 

AsTRKiGNE, subj. pres. Ist, 8d sing. 

AsTUEiGNis, ind. pret 1st, 2d sing. 

AsTRKiGNissE, subj. iuipcrf 1st sing. 

AsTREioNONS, iud. pres. and impera 
1st pi. 

AsTREiNDRAi, ind. fut. 1st sing. 

AsTREiNDRAis, cond. 1st, 2d SUlg. 

ASTEEINDEE [as-trin-dr] v. a. (conj. 
like Craindre) (a) to bind {to); ^to 
bind dov:n {to); ^ to tie dow'n (to) ; to 
constrain (to) ; to cmnjjel (to) ; to 
oblige (to). 

S'astreindre, pr. v. (a, to) to bind 
o.'s self; to bind o.'s self down; to tie 
o.''s self down. 

Astreins, ind. pres. 1st, 2d sing ; im- 
pera. 2d sing, of Astkeindre. 

Astreint, ind. pres. 3d sing. 

ASTREINT, E, pa. p. 

ASTEICTION [as-trik-sion] n. (uie<l) 

ASTEINGENCE [a^trin-jat-.] n. f 
(did.) astringency. 

ASTEINGENT, E [a.-trin-jat, t] a(\J. 1. 
(did.) restringent; 2. (med.) astrin- 

Peu , sjibstringent. 

ASTEINGENT [at-trin-jan] n. m. 1 
(did.) restringent ; 2. (pharm.) astria 

ASTEOlTE [Hro-i-t] n. f. (zooph.) 

ASTEOLABE [auro-ia-b] n. m. (astr.) 
astrolabe ; Jacob s staff. 

ASTEOLOGIE [auro-lo-ji] n. t 1. a* 
trology ; 2. (b. s.) star-gazing. 

Par 1' , astr/tcgicaUy. Pratiqaor 
r , to astrologis". 





a tr-ul ; A male ; e 



i lete; 

rfje; iil; 

i ile; nioi 

rr.ole; ^ MKirt 

; sue; 

it sure o jour; 

ASTItOLOGIQUE [a. iro lo-j=-k] j. 

ASTKOLOGUE [a.-iro.lo-g] n el 1. 
Mtrolofffr; 2. (l>. 8.) utii, -gazer. 

Ce nest pas un gi-aiui , he in iio con- 

ASTUONO.ME [.-tro-no-m] n. m. 1. 
aurouomer ; 'I. (1). s.) Htiir-gazer. 

ASTUONO.MIE (...-irono-m.] n. t 1. 
ii>itrcnii>'n>/ ; 2. (b. s!) Htar-gdzimj. 

ABTIto'NOMIQUK [.-tro-i.o-mi-k] adj. 

m k man] adv. (iHtrovomicuU;/. 

ASTbCE [us-iu-b] n.f.crd/t; guile; 
loile ; wilinens ; i.-unnii.g. 

Sans , crufileM ; guileless. 

AST U C 1 E L'S JCM KN T [n-li-,i -eu-z-n,n] 

dv. crafiity ; guile/ally ; wilily ; cu7i- 

AS TUCIEU-X, BE L^-ta i-n, o-] 
adi. critjty : guiUftU; icily ; cunning. 

Non . ( V. senses) imcni/iy. 

ASTUltlES (LES) [i4-ia.-tu-ri] p. n. t 
pi. (gi'"g ) Ihe Anturids. pi. 

ASTYAGE [aa-tia-j] p. n. m. Aifty- 

ASVLK [ zi 1]. V. AsiLE. 

ASYMPTOTE [a-iimp to-i] n. f. (geo-a." 

ASYMPTOTIQUE U-aimpto-ll-k] adj. 
( (isyiitpototival. 

.^TALANTE [a-ta-lan-t] p n. f. (myth.) 

ATARAXIK [a-tarak-i] n. f. (did. 

ATAXIE r"-ik0 n. f. (mod.) a^wv.l 

ATAXIQUE [a-tak.Ukj adj. (mod.) 

ATKLIER [a-tj 1161 n. m. 1. (place) 
xciirk-Hhop ; 2. (pcrs.) tcork-Khop; 8. 
(;'prs.) giivg ; 4. (<>f artists) f(/io; 6. 
("f |iri!iters) office ; 6. (a. & iii ) room ; 
i'mp; 7. (a. & m.) nhed; 8. (a. & ir.) 
ii>l; minnt/'iictare. 

--de construction, (a. k m.) factory. 
"i i(i\',,foieman, in. ^head workman, 
OL : /ore-womati, f. ; Aei/rf jfori-ioo- 
rti'fw. t Quitter le s, (a. <k m.) to 

ATKLLANE9 [.-til U-n] n. t pL 
{\l m \iUt )_AteUana,i>\. 

Des , qui a rapport au.x , Atelian. 

ATKKMOIK.MENT [a icr-moa-mAn] n. 
m. 1. comjio-iitiou ; coinpouwliiig uith 
p.'* creOitorx; 2. (law) attermiving. 

ATEUMOYKlt [a-li.r-nioa-i;j V. a. (coui. 
law) to delay tite payment of. 

S'atekmoyku, pr. v. ^com. law) to 
ixunpoiiiid icitli o.'n creditors. 

ATllALIE fa-ta-li] p. n. f. AtlutUah. 

ATHANASE [n-ta-na z] p. n. ni. Atli- 

ATlIliE [a-t6] adj. atJwistical ; atheist. 

ATII^E, n. m. at/ieist. 

Eft , atheusiically. 

ATIIEISME [a-t^-iB-m] n. m. athe- 

ATUPjyi'kE [a-ti-n(] n. m. athenceum. 

ATllfcNKS [a-ti-n] p. n. Athens. 

ATII6N()U0KE [a-W-no-do-r] p. n. m. 
(class.) Athenodorus. 

ATH^NIEN, NE [a-t-ni-m, i-n] adj. 

ATIi:6?IIEN, n. m. NE, n. C Athe- 

Attaclieuient au parti dcs 8, (hist) 

ATIILfcTE [at-i4 i] n. m. \.l%amete; 
I. I icrestler ; 3. ? cluvmpion. 

ATULilTIQUE [ai-l6-ti-k] adj. ath- 

ATKLfeTIQUE, n. C (sing.) atlOe- 
ti-f \\. ^ 

AHILfeTIQUEMENT [at-W-ti-k-min] 
8.1 f. a'.ldeticaUy. 

A ri.ANTE [at-lan-t] 1. m. (arch.) aU 
laitix ; atUti. 

liK-ti <1, lia (I] p. n. n.. f. {xnyt\\.) Atlantia- 
dt'H , descendant of Atlas {xvXaonymic 
of ,M#rcurv and the Pleiades). 

ATLAJJTIDE [ai-lan-ti-d] n. f. (fabu- 
Vius goog.) Atlantis. 

Da I" . Atlantean. 

ATLANTIQUE [ai-lin-tl-k] adj. (geog.) 
,< Uaniie. 

AT1>ANTIQUE, n. f. (grog.) Atlantic. 


ATLAS [.ii-ia] n. m. 1. atlis ; 2. 
(anat.) atlas. 

ATMOSPIliCRE rat-mo.-ft-r] n. f. L at- 
mosphere , t. (sleet?) atmosphere. 

chargoe de n lasv^, clcudy =:;. 
ATMOSPIlt UIQUE f.t-mo..f6-ri-k] 

adj. aimosplierie. 

Pierre , = stone ; tu je, tuyau , 
(rail.) racuu7n-pipe. 

ATO.ME [a-t6-m] n. m. 1 atom. 

Conune un , comme des s, like 
:=; , = -like. Keduire en s, to crush 

to =>!. 

ATOMIQUE [a-to-nil-k] adj. (did.) ato- 

ATONIE [a-to-ni] n. f. (med.) atony. 

ATONIQUE [a. to-ni-k] adj. (med.) ato- 

ATOURNEE [a.tcnr-n] V. a. t t to 
dizen ; to bedizen ; to trick ; to trick 
off, out, up. 

ATOURS [a-tour] a m. (jd.) attire, 

Dame d'atoiir, lady of the hed-chanv- 
ber. Avoir ses plus beau.x s, etre dans 
ses plus beaux s, ^ to be dressed out 
in all o.^s finery ; gW" to be in o.''s best 
bib and tucker. 

ATOUT [a-tou] n. m. (cards) trump ; 

Couper avec 1' , (cards) to trump; 
faire, jouer , to i>l<ty trumps, a trump. 

ATRABILAIRE ja-tra-bi-li-r1 adj. aU 
rabilarious ; atrabiliary ; splenetic. 

Iluiiieur , atrabilariousness. 

ATRABILAIRE, n. m. splenetic. 

ATRABILE [a-ira-bi-1] n. C t (med.) 
at ra bills. 

ATRE fa-tr] n. ni. 1. fire-place; 2. 
hearth ; hearthstone ; 3. (of ovens) 

ATR:6E [a-tr6] p. n. m. (class.) Atreus. 

ATKIDE [a-tri-d] p. n. m. (class.) At- 
rides; son of A treit.s (patronymic of Aga- 
memnon and Menelaus). 

ATROCE [a-tro-s] aflj. L atrocious ; 2. 
{th.) heinous ; S. cruel; 4. (of pain) p- 
cruciating ; ,~quisite. 

ATROCEMENT [a-tro-.-niAn] adv. 1. 
atrocu)usly ; 2. heinously ; 3. cruelly ; 
4. excruciatingly, eanjrtisitelii (painful). 

ATROClTlS [a-tro-si-t;.] n. 1. equali- 
ty) atrocity ; atrociousn^ss ; heinous- 
ness : 2. (action) atrocity ; 3. cruelty. 

ATROPIIIE [a.tro-f.] n. f. (med.) 1. 
atrophy ; consumption ; 2. (of an organ) 

sinvralo, atrophy. 
AtROPlIi:fi, E [a-tro-fif] adj. (med.) 


ATTABALLE [a-ta-ba I] n. in. (Turk- 
ish inus.) attabal. 

ATTABLER [;J y. &. to set at 

AiTAnLE, B, pa. p. at table ; sitting at 

S'attablek, pr. v. to sit down to 

ATTACIIANT, E -[a-ta-.han, t] adj. 
(th.) interesting ; engaging ; pleasing. 

ATTACHE [a-ta-sh] n. f 1. J tie ( 
ening, bond) ; 2. || (for animals) tether ; 3. 
tie (of t'le heart, mind) ; bond ; attach- 
meni; 4. consent; assent; 6. (of dia- 
monds) cluster ; C. (of horses) stabling ; 
1. (of porcelain) rivet; 8. (anat.) atUidu 
ment; 9. (build.) binder; 10. (engin.) 
(of a suspension bridge) fia-ture ; 11. 
(hunt) leash ; 12. (mach.) hrace. 

Chien d" , bandog. A V , 1. (of ani- 
mals) tied lip ; 2. (of persons) confined ; 
tied doicn to business. Lier par une , 
to tether (an animal) ; mettre a 1" , to tie 
uj) ; prendre a P , to take in (horses). 

Svn. Al-TACIIE, ATTAC-HEMENT. Allailu s'jrni- 
titfB a passion ill-regtilared, car. ied Ut exetss, or 
cxi-itud by s iriie miworlliy i.l.jcjct ; aUa<hemfnl U a 
more tender and lasting emotion, ca'led forth by 
what ii drs -rviiiff of est<'ni. One eiitertainB aw 
cUnth' ''or %. -Jnbling ; an attarlieintnt for Ills fami- 
ly, friends. 

ATTACn;6 [a.t8-.h(!] n. m. attache 
(01 an embassy). 

ATTACH PiMENT [n-la-h-man] n. in. 
1 (.V, I'CUR, to) attacliment; affection ; 
t tie, bond (of affection); 3. (arch.) 
8, (pi.) memorandums of work done. 

S^E. , uiattach(d, unaffectionate. 

ATTACllER [a-ta-sW] V. a. 1. : f i, to\ 
to fasten ; to makejiist ; to aititcft ; 2. | 
(a, to) to tie; 3. || (a, to) (by adhesion) ti 
stick ; 4. J (by sewing) to iew on ; 5. \ 
(a) to attach (to) ; to connect {ivith) , e 
(a) to attach {to) ; to set (on) ; topkwt 
(on) ; 7. (a, to) to attach (by affection) ; 

8. (a, to) to apply (to give applicatijt 
to) ; 9. (a, in) to interest ; 10. tofsf 
(the eyes, the looks); 11. (mil) to set on 
(miuei's) ; 12. (tech.) to stay. 

1. Mne chose a une autre, to fasten one thinfi 
to anither. '1. q. di. avec d.s drdoiis, ('/ tie a. 
th. with strinifs. 5. des privileges a cerUiines fonc 
tions, to attach privi'egea to certain J unctiont ; w 
destin^e a celle d'un autre, fc/ cfjunuct </.'< <ies<in} 
to awtther^s. 6. de I'importjmce a q. ch. to at- 
tach importance toa. th. ; du prix a q. ch.,/j:t 
a va'iie OH a. th. ; 8 in b< nheur a q. ell., to plao 
o.'s hapjiinesf on a. th. 7. Eire attache a la faniille, 
a ees amis, to be attached tn *>.' faniitii, to o.* 
friimlii. 8. 8 n esprit a I'etude, fo apply n.'i 
mi-itit to stadii. 9. Un livre qui attache le leclour, a 
booh- that interests the reader. 

(avec un bouton), to bidton ; (avfc 
un chainon), to link ; (avec un clou), 
to nail ; (avec de la colic forte), lo 
glue ; (avec de la colle de farine). '^ 
paste; ( "re un cordon), to tie; 
Cavcc une co de), i 'y lush; 2. to pinion, 
down ; (t.vec ui.e (.ourroie), to strap . 
(avec un crochet ). to hxiuk ; (ave j 
une epingie), 1. to pin: 2. to pin duvyr. ; 

3. to pin up ; (sur dcs objets poiutu.), 
to stick. 

fttre attache (.n), ( V. eenses) to be 
icedded (to) ; to stick on. Attacher f rt, 

1. J to fasten tight; 2 1 to tie fist, 
hard, tight; 3. |1 to stick fast, tight; i. 
I to seic on fast ; b. ^ to attach, to (Oii- 
nect strongly; 6. to attach (by a'feo- 
tion) much, strongly; 7. to aj>p,y 
closely, much; 8. to interest rr.uih, 
strongly; inseparableiiient, (F. K.n- 
ses) 1. to attach stronglj, tcarmi-j ; 2. 
to iced (to opinions). 

Attache, e, pa. p. I' senses of At- 
Non . (V. senses) 1 1 nnfai'tr.ed ; 

2. II untied ; imattac/ud , 3. || U7isi wed ; 

4. unattached. 

S'attaciiei!, pr. v. 1. |1 ^k) to fasten 
(on); to attach (to); 2. j (a, to) to tie, 

5. 1 (a) (by adhesion) to stick (on, tc); 
to cleave (to) ; to stick close (t->) ; 4. | 
(A. to) to unite; 5. I! (a, to) to cling; (i. 
(a. to) to adhere; 7. (b. s.) to be 
wedded (to opinions) ; to stick close; to 
cleave ; to pin o.'s self (to a. o.) ; to hold 
fast; S. (a) to be attached (tfi) ; to be 
connected (with) ; to be iiu-ident (to); 

9. (a) to be attached (to) ; to be set, 
placed (on, upon); 10. (.i, to) to at- 
tach o.'s self (by affection) ; to devote 
one's self; to be att^iched, devoted ; to 
cleave; to cling; 11. (a,) to set o.'a 
lieart (upon) ; 12. (a) to attend (to); 
to strive (Ui); to endeavor (to); to ap- 
pi!/ o.'s self (to); to make it o.'s study 
(to) ; 13. (a) to set o.'s self (about, to) ; 
14. (a, in) to intei fst o.'s self; to take 
an interest ; 15. (of tl.e eye.s, looks) to he 
fin'ed ; 16. (])aint) to appear ; to seem; 
to touch. 

6. Le lierre s'u^/ac^f a I'ornieau , Me iVy clings 
tu the elm. 

etroitement ( T senses) to cling 
close ; fort 1- H tt) fasten tight; 2. ||fc 
tie fast, hard, tight; 3. l to stick fu3t, 
tight; 4. to be strongly attached, con- 
nected ; 6. to be much, strongly at- 
tached ; C. to attend assiduously ; to 
strive, to endeavor hard : to apply o.'s 
self assid uously ; to make it o.'s gnat 
study to ; 7. to interest o.'s selfnuuch ; 
to take a gretit iiitrrest. 

ATTAQUABLE [-ia-k-bl] adj. 1 \% 
assailable: liable to attack: 2. (ofat^ 
cuments) of doulitful, questionable Vtt- 

ATTAQUANT [a la-kiin] n. ni. at- 

ATTAQUE [a-tn-k] n. (. 1. 1 J vOCNTkh. 
on, upon) attack ; 2. jl oiMet : 8. ,'med.) 
attack ; ^flt ; ^ stroke ; touch ; 4 (mil.) 

Rude, vive . 1 sharp att-irik; 'i 
sharp iiii.-iel. eontre les drolls, du !<.) 
:'i la coiii'otiin-, ,law) contmnpt HgiiiHtfi 
the king s title. 



& JoOto ; exi jen ; eu jeuno ; eii pcur ; an pan ; In pin ; on bon ; un brun ; 

*11 liq. 

*gn Uq. 

ATTAQUER [a-ta-k^] v. a. 1. Mo nt- 
Uick; iotissdil; to dsnuiiU ; to/aU on, 
upon; 2. to attack ; to assail ; to en- 
e<yunier ; 3. U.i attack (deteriorate) ; 4. 
J to impugn ; ^ to fall on, vpon ; 5. 
to in/vade ; 6. to counteract ; 7. (v.e, 
. . .) to begin ; to open ; S. to induce 
{h. o.) to begin (a. tli.); io begin; to 
open; 9. | to contest the validity of{(\o- 
aiiacnt?,) ; 10. to sxie (a. o.) ; to come 
t u, upon; 11. (of diseases) to attack; to 
u-hie upon ; j^. (man.) to spur on (a 
r.irse); 13. (mus.) to strike (a chord); 
14. (nav.) to stand in for (a cape, an 
iiilaud. a Bhore, etc). 

o. les droits de q. u.,v invade o. o.' rightn. 
). iin siijet, t<i begin, to open a subject. 8. q. 
u. de C(,nversati D, Uj begin,/t open a eonvenation 
I. -.'/, a. o. 

Qui attaque tout le monde, of general 
assault; qu'on ne pent II , unassail- 

Attaque, e, pa. p. V. senses of Atta- 


Non ,1.1 unattacked ; unassailed ; 
Miiaesa-uUed ; uncharged; 2. unat- 
iacked ; unassailed ; 3. unimpugned ; 
1 uninvaded. Bien bien defendu, 
Uiat is a Roland for an Oliver. 

B'ATTAtjUER, pr. V. (A, . . .) 1. to at-; to encounter; 2. to challenge; 
to defy. 

S;/n. Attaqckr q. u., s'attaqukr a q. c. 
Atuiquer implieB a s'inplu act of hostility, to at- 
<''k ; s^attatfuer d conveys the idea of deep-seated 
er.niity, and mean*, thriugh hatred or f. r re- 

vmgK, to follow one up with affronts, provoca- 
tinns, ins ills, &<*., until sjltiafaction il obtained. 

AITARDER (S') [sa-tar-d^] pr. v. to 
be belated. 

fitre attarde, =. 

Attarde, e, pa. p. belated. 

Atteiqnais, ind. imperf. 1st, 2d sing. 
of Atteindre. 

Atteignant, pres. p. 

Atteigse, subj. pres. 1st, 3d sing. 

Atteignis, ind. pret 1st, 2d sing. 

Atteionisse, subj. imperf. 1st sing. 

AtTF.'GKONS, ind. present & impera. 
if pi. 

Atteindrai, Ind. ftit 1st sing. 

Atteindrais, cond. 1st, 2d sing. 

ATTEINDUE [a-tinnlr] V. a. (conj. like 
Okaindre) 1. II to reach ; * to (attain; 
^ to get at; to come to; 2. H to strike; 
to hit; 3. to attain ; to arrive at; 4. 
$ (b. s.) to injure ; to harm ; ^ to hurt ; 
6. I to orer'ake ; to catch; ^ to co7ne 
up tcith; 0. to equal; to reach; to 
co^ne up to; T. (of diseases) to attack 
(a. 0.). 

' . 1] un endroit, to reach a place ; q. u., U> 
ifivch a. 0., (0 get at a. o. 2. La balle Vutteigjtii, 
III ball stnu'k him. 3. un but, la perf.jction, to 
attain an end, pirfectlun. 5. ceux qui devai.cent, 
(<> overtake thuse uho precede. 6. les giunds 
nKiitrea, /o equal the ifreat ma/ttert. 

Difficile, facile a , ( V. senses) diffi- 
'jidt, easy of attainment. Possibiiite 
d' , d'etre atteint, ( V. senses) attain- 
ahleness; pour , ( F. senses) in the 
attainment of fitre atteint (dc), ( V. 
si>nses) (pers.) to be attacked, seized 
yicith); etre atteint et convaincu de, t 
to be dull/ convicted of; pouvoir etre 
atteint, ( V. senses) to be attainable; ne 
pouvoir etre atteint, ( V. senses) to be 
unattainable; taclier, s'efforcer d" , 
vonloir , ( V. senses) to reach after ; 
to grasp at ; vouloir toujours, ( V. 
senses) to grasp and grasp. Auquel on 
pcut . q.ion pent , ( F. senses) at- 
tainable; que Ton n'a pas atteint, ( F. 
sjnses) 1. unreached ; 2. unattained ; 
[u'on ne ['Cut , ( F. senses) unattain- 

Atteint, e, pa. p. V. senses of At- 


Non , 1. II ( F. senses) unattained; 
li-ni jiched ; 2. unattained ; 3. (b. s.) 
u nil "t u "<? , unha rmed ; unto uched. 

AtTEINDKE, v. n. (conj. like Crain- 
prk) (a) 1. to reach L ..);* to attain 
I. . .) ; 2. 1 to get (to) ; 5 to come (to) ; 3. 
9 to a.tain (...); If to arrive (at) ; ^ to 
nach (. . .). 

ArnsiNS, Ind. pres. Ist, 2d skig. ; im- 
pera. 2d sing, of Atteindek. 

Atteixt. ind. pres. 3d sing. 

Attki.nt, e, pa. p. 

ATTEINTE [a-tin-t] n. f. 1. J B reach ; 
2. li bl^c; stroke; 3. %injii.ry; harm,; 
hurt; damage ; prejudice ; wrong ; 4. 
(a, of) breach ; violation ; 5. (a, from) 
deriS'i/ation ; G. (of diseases) attack ; *{ 
fit; ^ stroke; touch; 7. (law) offense ; 

8. (.u\v) outrage (on right of property) ; 

9. (man.) uttairJ; 10. (man.) interfe- 

Legere , 1. II slight blow, stroke ; 
1. slight injury,hurt, damage, preju- 
dice ; little harm ; 8. (of diseases) slight 
attack ; ^ touch ; rude , 1. || heavy, 
violent blmc, stroke; 2. ^ considerable 
injury, harm, hurt, damage, preju- 
dice. Ilors d" , 1. II beyond reach ; 
out of reach; 2. i^ unassail(dile ; 3.% 
unassailed ; ttnassaulted ; sans , ( P. 
senses) 1. |1 unhurt; ^ininjured ; un- 
harimed ; undamaged ; 2. (a) icithout 
any derogation (f imi). Avoir une , 
( F. senses) (play) to hit ; to tcnich ; don- 
ner a, 1. I to hit; to strike; 2. ( F. 
pv-r'T ) ", etre hors d' , 1. 1 to be be- 
yona it '\ cul of reach; 2. to be nn- 
attaimCole ; 8. to be out of danger, ^ 
iMnrCs way; etre a Tabri de toute , 

1. II ( F. senses) to be unassailable ; 2. 
to be beyond the reach of injury, 
hai-m ; porter a, 1. to injure ; to 
impair; to hurt ; to be prejudicial to ; 
to wrong ; to do wrong to; 2. to be a 
breitch, violation of; to violate ; 8. to 
derogate from ; to he derogatory to ; 4. 
to infringe upon ; 5. (law) to commit 
an offense against ; recevoir, subir une 
, 1. II to receive a blotc, stroke ; 2. 
to receive an injury ; to be injured, 
hurt, damaged ; .3. to be violated ; 4. 
to suffer no derogation. Qui porte 
a, ( F. senses of porter a) in deroga- 
tion of; d"une maniere qui porte , de- 

ATTELAGE [a-t-la-j] n.m.\. team; 

2. set (of horses) ; 3. (of two oxen) yoke ; 

4. (a. & m.) draw-gear. 
Barre d' , (rail.) spreader. 
ATTELEU [a-t-if] V. a. 1. to put (the 

Iiorses) to ,' 2. (absolutely) to put the 
horse to ; 9. to yoke. 

une voiture, to put the horses to. 
fttre attele de . . . . chevaux, (of carriages) 
to be drawn by ... . horses ; attele de 
. . . . chevau.K, (of carriages) drawn by 
. . . . horses ; and 

ATTELLE [n-ti-l] n. f. 1. Jiame; 2. 
(surg.) splint. 

Enlever une , (surg.) to remove a 
splint : mcttrc, poser une a, (surg.) to 

ATTENANT, E [a-t-nan, t] adj. ad- 
joining; contiguous ; ^ ueort. 

ATTENANT [a-t-nSn] adv. close by. 

ATTENDEE [a-tan-dr] V. a. 1. i to 
icait for ; to wait; * to await; 2. II to 
wait ; to stay ; to stop ; 8. || (b. s.) to 
dance attendance ; 4. (absol.) to icait; 

5. ^ (apres) to wait (for) ; 6. to ex- 
pect ; to be in eorpect<dion of; to look 
for ; to look forward to ; 7. to expect ; 
to hope ; S. to await (to be reserved 
for) ; * to meet. 



vite, attendez done, do not <fO 9'' fast ; stay, stop a 
little. 6. ce qtii anive ordinuirenient, to exi;e::t 
what ordinarit'i k 'ppens ; nous ii^attendionti pas 
cel.i s't6t, ire did not expect that so swm. 8. son 
sut, to await o.* dovnt ; la mort, to await, to 
meet death. 

fetre attendu, (culin.J to be kepi. d"un 
moment a I'autre, to be in momentary 
expectation of; sous I'orme, ^ to wait 
till doomsday ; faire , to keep wait- 
^"ff ; ^ to let wait ; se faire , to keep 
a. o. waiting ; ne Hen perdre pour , 
to lose nothing by icaiting. Attendez ! 
hold! stay! en attendant, \. icaiting ; 
in tlie mean time, while; meantime; 
meanwhile, in the interim; 2. till; 
until; en attendant que, fiW ; until. 

Attf^ndu, e, pa. p. F. senses of Atten- 

..., considering...; in consider- 
ation of. ..; on account of. ..; que, 
:onsidei~ing ; considering that; as; 
xchereas ; because. 

S'attendrb, pi. V. 1. ( i, a, que, [subj.]) 
ro ex feci (. . ., to, tiit) , to lock/oncard 

(to) ; ^ to look (for) ; 2. (a, on, u/xmi) 
to rely ; to place reliance. 

1. a q. ch. to expect a. th. ; to look forward (i 
a. th. ; a voir q. en., to expect to set a. tk. ; 
que q. ch. arrive, to expect tliat something *-ill 

Attendez- vou8-y ! ( V. senses) (lron.)c 
not eaepect it ! %^&~ I wish you ific-ff 
get it ! 

ATTENDKIR [a-tan-drir] v. R. 1. t^l 

make tender; 2. to affect; to nuyw, 
to soften; to touch; to melt; 16. i (dil ) 
to intenerate. 

1. la viande, to make meat tender. 2. q. -J. 

to utfect, to n)ove a. n. 

Attendbi, e, pa. p. F. senses )f Atik- 

Non , (F. senses) unaffected; im- 
moved ; untouched; unmelted. 

S'attendrie, pr. v. 1. || to become, tf. 
get tender ; 2. to be affected, moved., 
softened, touched, melted ; to be move-l 
to pit)/. 

ATTENDRISSANT, E [a-tan-dri-san, i] 

adj. affecting ; moving ; touchitig ; 

mac] D. m. 1. feeling ; senMbiiily ; 
ten</erness ; 2. emotion. 

Lartiies d' , tears of emotion. V<t- 
ser des larmes d' , to weep wiiJi emo- 

_ ATTENTAT [a-tan-ta] n. m. (-sontub, 
A, on) 1. attempt to commit a crime ; 
attempt ; 2. crime ; 3. outrage ; 4. (law) 
illegal attempt; 5. (law) criminal at- 

Faire un centre, to make an at- 
tempt on ; to attempt. 
. ATTENTATOIUE [a tan-ta-toar] adj. 
(til.) (a) that attem2)ts . . , ; that tnaket 
an attempt (on). 

ATTENTE [a-tan-t] n. f. 1 1 waiting; 
2. B staying ; stopping ; 3 exj fcia~ 
tion, sing. ; expectations, pi. ; ! $ 

Vive , sanguine expectation^ 
Pierre d' , 1. (mas.) rustic coin 2. ^ 
stepping-stone ; salle d' , waiiinn- 
room; table d" , (arch.) tablet for an 
inscription. Au delii de son , heyur.d 
o.^s^s; contre r , contrary, contra- 
rily to =: ; dans 1' , 1. || wjiting; in 
waiting ; 2. % in =; in the=L (of); 3. 
expectingly. Frustrer son , to frus- 
trate o.'s =^s ; to fall sliort of o.'s = ; 
repondre a son , to answer o.'s = 
trompcr son , to deceive, to disap- 
point o.'s =:S. 

ATTENTER [a-tan-tf] V. n. (a) to at- 
tempt (. . .) ; to make an attempt (on). 

i ses jours, to lay violent hands on 
o.'s self. 

ATTENTI-F, VE [, i-v] adj. 1. 
II (a, to) attentive; 2. (a, of) mind' 
fill; regardful; 8. (a, to) studious; 
4. (pers.) fi'OUR, to) attentive (kind, 
civil); 5. tpers.) considerate. 

ATTENTION [a-tan-siOn] n. f. 1. ( (A, 

to) attention; 2. (care,- lieed ; /leedful- 
ness ; 3. \ notice; 4. (i'OUr, to) consid- 
erateness (inclination to oblige) ; 6. 
(potTR, to) attention (civility, kindness); 
6. s, (pi.) (rouR, on) attendance. 

Forte, grande , 1. great attention; 
2. intentness. Force d' , intentnesa. 
au commandement! (m\.) attention ; 
Avec , 1. with =; attentively; % 
considerately ; avec une grande force 
d' , intently. Attirer 1' , de q. u., 1. 
to draw a. o.'s ^; 2. (th.) to. fall under 
a. o.'s observation ; avoir (it), to give, 
to pay = (to) ; avoir des s, (pour), to 
pay =. (to) ; to take notice of; dcniicr 
son (a), 1. to give, to pay =. to ; 2. to 
give application (to) ; ecl)apper a P >, 
to escape =; to be unobserved ; fhliP 

(a), 1. to give, to pay = (to) , to min/l ; 
to heed ; to give heed (to) ; 2. to ta/^, 
care of; 3. to take notice of; faire pen , 
peu d' (i\l 1. to give, to pay little = 
(to) , 2. to take little notice (of) ; ne pa." 
faire , ne faire aucune (I'l), 1. to give, 
to pay little, no = to ; 2. to pass by ; 3. 
to take little, no notice of; not to mir-d : 
fl,\er son sur, to turn o.'s=:, o.'s m^nd 
to ; porter son (ti), to direct o.'s 
(ic) ; to apply o.'s teY (to) ; preter a, 
Jo give, to pay = (U); to take n>'tic' 




imal; dm&le; efee; ^fove; iteta; rfje; iil; tile; onol; 5m61c; iinort; ?<suj; iisftre; ojijour; 

(q^) a quoi, auquel on ne fait p&s , 
unregarded; unlieeded; unminded; 
n'y faites pas ! ( K ne pas faire a), 
loeg you would not notice, name it! 
do not name it ! sans quon y fit , nn- 
attended to ; unheeded; unregarded; 
unminded ; unattended to. 

ATTENTIVKMENT [a-tSn-ti-v-min] 

m\y. attentively ; xciih attention. 

Fort , 1. very attenti^vely ; with 
creat attention; 2. intently ; peu , 

ATTl&NUANT, E [a-W-nn-an, t] adj. 1, 
]aitenuant; 2. (law) extenuating; in 

ATT^:NUANT [a-u-nu an] n. m. (med.) 

ATTi;\UATION [a-t^-nu-a-sion] n. f 
i. ! attenuation; 2. I debility ; weak- 
ttess ; 3. extenuation ; palliation ; 4. 
(med.) attenuation. 

ATTt^Vt, E [a-t^-nu-] adj. 1. H at- 
tenuated; 2. II in a state of debility ; 
weakened; 8. (bot.) attenuated ; tajier; 
tapering : 4. (med.) attenuated. 

ATTENUEK [a-te-nu-<5] v. a. 1. I to 
attenuate ; 2. || to weaken ; 8. || to 
waste ; 4. to extenuate ; to palliate ; 
6. 'med.) to attenuate. 

Pour , ( V. senses) in extenuation 

ATTERrvAGE,ATT6RAGE [a-t-ra-j] 
n. m. (nav.) 1. making land ; 2. land- 

Faire son , (nav.) to make the land. 

cin, t] adj. startling ; astounding. 

ATTERltER, ATTfiRER [n-t^-rC] v. 
\. 1. S tothrmo doicn on the ground ; to 
throw doicn ; to throw ; 2. to subvert ; 
to overturn ; to ruin ; 8. to deject ; 
t) cast dmcn ; 4. to startle; to as- 
tound ; * to thunder-strike. 

ATTERRIR, ATTl^iRIR [a-W-rir] v. n. 
(nav.) to make land, ths land. 

M.ENT [u-t^-ri-B-nian] n. m. (law) allu- 
OioJi; allu/vium. 

ATTERRISSAGE [a-tfi-ri-sa-j] n. m. 
V. Attebragr. 

ATTESTATION [a-tf.-ta-si5n] n. f. 
v>ritten attestation ; attestation; certi- 
ficate; testimonial. sous sernient, 
affidavit. Sans , unattested. 

ATTESTER [a-ti.-t6] v. a. 1. J (a, to) 
to attest; 2. to testify; 3. to call to 

3. Attenler le ciei, to call Heaven to witness. 

Atteste, e, pa. p. V. senses of Attes- 

Kon , 1. tinattested; 2. untestifled. 

aTTIGISME [at-ti-sis-m] n. m. atti- 

Eniplover V , to aiticize. 

ATTICISTE [at-ti-sis-t] n. m. Atticist. 

ATTII^^DIR [a-ti--dir] V. a. 1. II to 
VMke lukewarm ; 2. to cool. 

8'attiedir, i)r. v. 1. || to become, ^ to 
qet luketcarm ; 2. to cool ; to grow, 
become cool. 

ATTIEDISSEMENT [ a-ti-6-di-8-raan ] 

n. m. lukewarmness. 

ATTIFER [a-ti-K] v. a. t to dizen ; to 
bedizen ; to bedizen out. 

8'ATTiFEn, pr. v. ^ to dizen, to bedizen 
o 'd self 
' ATTIFET [a-ti-ft] n. m. t head-dress. 

ATTIQUE [at-ti-k] adj. 1. J Attic ; 2. 
(arch.) attic. 

Autcur , Attic ; sel , = salt. Don- 
ter un^^ forme i, to atticize. 

ATTIQUE, n. ra. 1. Attic; 2. (arch.) 
littic ; attic .^tory. 

ATTIQUEMENT [ at-ti-k-man ] adv. 
Wraui.) in the Attic dialect. 

ATTIRAIL [a ti-ra-i*] n. III. 1. imple- 
nents, pi.; 2. apparatus; 3. gear; 
'j.k'e; 4. paraphernalia, [)\.; 6. equi- 
iHig^ , train; luggage. 

de chasse, hunting equipage ; 
a? ciiieine, cooking apjwratus ; kitchen 
ulen.tils ; de guerre, implements of 
uar ; d'uneimprimerie,/Mr7ii7ureo/' 
a printing-office. 

ATTIRATiTT, E [a.ti-ran,t] adj. at- 
tractive; alluring; engaging. 

ATTIRER [a ti-r] V. a. (a, to) *. 1 % 
to attract ; 2. | to drcM . S S to incita ; 


to allure ; to draw on ; to Itad on ; 4. 
(b. s.) to allure; to entice; to incite; 
to draw on. 

Attire, e, pa. p. F. senses of Attirer. 

Non , ( r. senses; 1. 1 unattracted ; 
2. unenticed. Propricto d"Otre , (did.) 
attractability. Susceptible d'etre , 
(did.) attractable. 

S'atiirer, pr. V. 1. I to attract each 
other; 2. n obtain; to gain; to win; 
8. (b. s.) to inc-rtr ; to bring, to draw 071 
o.'s self; to brin^, to draw down on 
o.'s self. 

VTTISER [a-ti-i] V. a. 1. to put (the 
i. c) together ; to make up ; to stir up ; 
2. to poke ;tlie fiie) ; to poke ^qy. 

le feu, ( V. senses) to inflame ; to 
add fuel to flame. 

ATTISOIR [a-ti-ioar] a. - 

ATTISONNOIR [a-U-zo-noar] n. m. (of 
foundries) poker. 

ATTITRl^:, E [a-ti-trc] adj. 1. ordinary 
(with whom one usually deUs); usual; 

2. (b. s.) hireling. 

ATTITUDE [a-ti-ui-d] n. f. 1. I atti- 
tude ; 2. position ; 3. (paint., sculp.) 

tre en , to study c^i attitude; 
prendre une , to assume an =. 

S'm. ATTiTL'nE. posTiTRE. AUitiide is a man 
ner of keeping the bt>dy, more or It ss suitable to 
existing circumstances; posfvre is a mode of [tla- 
cilig the bfdy, more or less differing from the or- 
dinary- liabii. He who in attempting to walk 
assuioes the aUitude of a dancer, puts himself into 
n ridiculous punture. Postures are strange and 
f Tceii positions, and are to the body what grima- 
ces are to the face ; attitudes are noble and agree- 
able p' sit ions, and are to the body what air is to 
the figure. Ch'wus throw themselves into ridicu- 
lous pistnres, to excite biughter ; act< rs assume 
graceful attitudes, to represent their cliaracterft. 


m. II touch ; feel ; feeling. 

Point d' , {^Qom.) point of contact 

ATTRAC-TEUR, TRICE [a-trak-tefir, 
tri-s] adj. (did.) attracUle. 

ATTRACTI-F, VE [a-trak-tif, i-v] adj. 
(did.) attractive. 

Vertu attractive, (did.) attractiveness. 
D"une nianiore attractive, attractively. 

ATTRACTION [ a-trak-sion ] n. f. 1 
(^ani.) attraction; 2. (phys.) attrac- 

molcculaire, (phys.) contiguous = ; 
Newtonienne, attraction of gravita- 
tion ; opposce, counter-attraction. 
Par , attractingly. Non soumis a 1' , 

ATTRAIRE, v. a. tF! Attirer. 

ATTRAIT [a-trJi] n. m. 1. attrac- 
tion; alluremetit; charm; 2. -J- com- 
fort; consolation. 

Sans , ( V. senses) ^inalluring ; un- 
lovely. Se sentir de 1" pour, to have a 
taste for. 

ATTRAPE [a-tra-p] n. t 1. ^ catch; 
trick; -i- bite; take-in; 2. s, (pi.) 
(nav.) relieving-ropes. 

! caught! t/ou are caught. 

ATTRAPE-LOURDAUD [a-tra-p-lour- 

d6] n. m., pi. s, 

ATTRAPE-NIGAUD [a-tra-p-ni-gA] n. 

m., 1)1. s, \.fooVs-trap; 2. clap -trap; 
8. catch'penny. 

ATTRAPE-MOUCTIE [a-tra-p-mou-.h] 

n. m., pi. 8, (\)oX..).fiy-trap. 
Dionce , Venus' jiy-trap. 
ATTRAPE-PARTERRE [a-tra-p-par- 

tJ-r] n . m. t, pi. , clap-trap for the 
pit; clap-trap. 

ATTRAPER [a-tra-pt] V. a. 1. 1 to 7i- 
trap ; to trap ; 2. | to catch ; to take ; 

3. to catch ; to take by surprise ; ^^ 

4. f (b. 8.) to overreach; to cheat; to 
catch ; to trick. ; to take in ; 5. || to hit ; 
to strike ; C. to cate/t , to seize ; to lay 
hold of; to hit; to hit of; 7. to ob- 
tain ; to get ; 8. to catch (a disease). 

6. Une pierre I'a attrap'. au front, a stone struck 
him tm the forehead, 6. le sens d'un auteur, (o 
each the sense of an authiT ; une rcss'mblance, 
to nit ofl' a tilcenitt. 8. uii rliume, to catch a 

Moyen d" de I'argent 1, cateli-pe^ny. 

S"attraper, pr. v. ( V. sen.scs of At- 
trai'ek) (man.) to orerstep ; to clip. 

Attrane-toi eelaf^"! take that ! 

ATTRAPEUU fa-tra-peur] n. m. 1. de- 
itixer ; deluder ; 2. (de) hmtter (after.) 

ATTRAPOIRE, n. f + V. PiE^t. 

ATTKAYANT, E [a-tr-ian, t] atU. J 
attractive ; alluring ;" engttgmg. 

Pen , unalluring ; une7igaginc. 

ATTRinUER [] v. a. 1. (L,io) 
to attach; to assign; 2. (a, on, -ipm'j 
to confer ; 8. (a, to) to attribute ; to As- 
cribe ; to impute. 

1, des privil<''gc 8 ou de #molur^er.t*i a )#; 
f> nctions, to attach privHepes or ennlvmeKU tO 
funrti' ns. 2. dis fonctiirs a q. u,, (o co:it.* 
Junrli'i/is upon a. o. 

Pouvoir fitre attribu6. ( V. senses) to W 
attributable, ascribable, imputable. 

ATTRIBUT [a-tri-bu] n. m. 1. attri 
liute ; 2. etnblem ; symbol ; 3. (log.) tit 
tribute ; predicate. 

Doniier pour , (log.) to predicate. 

ATTRII5UTI-F, VE [ a-tri-bu-tif, i--r J 
adj. 1. (did.) attributive; 2. (law) (df, 
to) relating. 

ATTRIBUTION [a-tri-bu-.i6n] n. I. 
conferring (privileges, prerogatives); 2. 
pritHlege, prerogative conferred ; .' 
s, (x>\.)poicers (of public functionarief X 
4. s, (it\.) functions ; 5. s, (pi.) pr) 
vince, deptartment (of public function 
arics) ; 6. (law) cognizance. 

Dans les s de, 1. in the province, tie 
purtmcnt of; 2. (law) in, the cogni- 
zance of; cognizable by. 

ATTRISTANT, E [ a-trii-tan, t ] adi 
sad ; sorrowful ; melancholy ; afflict 

ATTRISTER [a-tris-t^] v. &. to sadden; 
to render, to make sad, sorrmcful. me 
lancholy, dull; to grieve; to afflict 

S'attkistkr, pr. v. (de) to sadden ; t 
Horrow (for) ; to become, to get sad, 
sorrowful, melancholy, dull (at) ; to 
grieve ( tor) ; to be afflicted (at). 

ATTRITION [a-tri-sion] n. f. 1. (phys., 
attrition; 2. (tbeol.) attrition. 

ATTRt)UPEMENT [a-trou-p-man] i 
m. 1. mob ; 2. riotous mob. 

Disperser, dissii)er un , to tlispert, 
rt^; rassenibler, rcunir tin , to oii 
led a =; to gttther togetlier a =.. 

ATTROUPER [a trou-pc] V. a. to .// 
semble (a mob); to gathei\ to g-t ti^; 

S" ATTROUPER pr. V. 1. to troop ; t< 
collect together ; 2. to collect in a mob ; 
to gamer, to get togetlier in a mob. 

AU [6] defin.ite art. m. sing., pi. Atra 
(contraction of A, to, at, etc. and Le, tli6\ 

AUBADE [6-ba-d] n. f. 1. serenad' 
(about dawn) ; 2. If (iron.) insult; abitse; 

Donnerl' a, to insult; to abuse ; (<; 
rate : don ner une a, to serenade. 

AUBAIN r6-bin] n. ni. t (law) alien. 

AUBA INE [6-bi-n] n. f. 1. (law) escheat 
to the c7-cncn (of tlie property of an alien 
decea.sod); 2.+ (French law) aubaine; 
8. [ prize; God-send; wind-fall, 

Bonne , God-send; windfaU. 

AUBE [6-b] n. f. I datcn; dawn qf 
day ; day-break ; break ; \ peep of 
day, 1 peep. 

AUISE, n. f. alb (priest's garment); 

AUBE, n. r 1. (of hydraulic wheel-jj 
float-board ; float ; ladle-board ; 2. (iu 
&t(is.m-r\i\.\\^a.iwTi) paddle-board. 

Roue i'l 8, paddle-wheel. 

AUB]5:PIN, n. f X V. AuuEpiNE. 

AUBfiPINE [6-b-pi n] n. f. (i)ot.) hmif 
thorn ; white thorn ; ^ May-bloom ; 
1 May. 

Fleur d' , haicthorn ; white i^urrn; 
Mav-floiier ; May. 

AUBERE [6-bJ-r] adj. (of horse) /tri. 
bitten gray. 

AUBERE, n. m. (of horses)^-?.?.! bitten 
gray coat. 

AUBERGE [6-b^r j] n. f tavfrn ; ir.r. ; 
public house. 

Dcscendre i\ V , to put up at a = : 
Jtre a 1', to stay at a ; tiiilr , 1. j 
io keep a =^; 2. k to keep oi)en hou^'-. 

AUBERGINE [6-bJr.ji.n] n. f. (hot) 
mad-ap/ile ; % egg-plant. 

AUBKRGISTE [A-b*r-ji.-t] n. in. 1 
iavern-keepe.r ; inn-keeper ; }>ii,btico't 
i. Uindlord ; host 




o&iohte; *MJeu; uje(ine; eitpeur; dwpan; iwpin; owbon; n.brun; *11 liq. ; gn liq. 

AUBERON [6-b6-r6n] n. m. (lock.) 
eatith (of a lock). 

AUBE-VIQNE [ft-b-vi-gn*] n. f, pi. 
8, (bot.) virgMi -hmcer. 

AUBIEH [4-bii] n. in. 1. (of a tree) sap- 
wood; white; htea ; bleak; 2. (anat.) 
\I^ak ; 3. (bot.) alburn; alburnum; 
blea; sap-^cooa. 

AUBIFOIN [6-bi-fo!n] n. m. (bot.) 

AUBIN [6-bm] n. m. (man.) aubin; 

AUBINEK [5-bi-n] v. n. (man.) to 

AUBOUES [6-bour] n. m. (bot.) ei/ti- 
tus ; ^laburnum. 

AUCUN, E [6-kun, u-n] adj. 1. any ; 2. 
(with a negation) no; 8. (with a nega- 
tion) none ; not one. 

2. Ne prendre soin, lo take no care. 3. de ses 
ani'a ne I'a fait, none of his ftiemh have done it ; 
U u'y a de ses sujets qui ne luasardat sa propre 
vie, there 19 not one 0/ his subjects that would not 
p^nture his own life. 

[AucrN, in the 2d and 3d senses, takes ne ; fol- 
lowed bv a relative pr. it often requires the subj. 
V. ex. i.] 

AUCUNEMENT [6-ku-n-man] adv. by 
no ntea ns ; on no a ceo unt ; in no wise ; 
not at all ; at all. 

AUDACE [5-da-sl n. f. 1. audacity; 
daring ; hardUiooa ; hardinem; bold- 
ness; 2. (b. s.) audacity; audacious- 

Indomptable, dauntless hardihood. 
Bans , ( K senses) \inhardy. 


FTardiesse implies courage and jis3;iran'*e ; atidace, 
haughtiness and temerity ; effrofUerie^ impudence. 
The first is generally usad in a good, the lust in a 
bad Sdnse ; aiidac^ s nietimt^s in one, s 'inetiines in 
the other. One disp'aj'S hardifsse (hardiAwni) in 
darger, autace (bo dness) in his enterprises, ef- 
tronterie (effronteri/) in hia propt.sitions, his d.s- 
eourse, his conduct. 

AUDACIEUSEMENT [6-da-i-eu-z. 
ra'jj] adv. 1. audaciously ; * daring- 
'/y ; hardily ; boldly ; 2. (b. s.) auda- 


AUDACIEU-X, SE [6-da-si-efl, eu-i] 

y\^. I. audacious; * daring ; hardy; 
n ( ' ; 2. (b. s.^i audacious. 

AUDIENCE [6-di-an-s] n. f. 1. hear- 
'.Hj ; 2. audience (of princes or high 
officers of state) ; 3. audience (assembly) ; 
t (of courts of judicature) Kitting ; court ; 
Ci. (in Spain) audience; 6. (law) aadi- 

Nouvelle , (law) rehearing; pleine 
, fall hearing ; publi(|ue, public 
hearing ; h huis clos, private hear- 
ing ; Jour d" , (law) court-day ; re- 
turn-day ; salle, salon d , audience- 
diamher. En pleine , in open court. 
Donner , 1. to give, to grant a hear- 
ing ; 2. to give audience, an audience ; 
ouvrir 1" , to open tits court ; tenir , 
(of judges) to sit. 

AUDIENCIER [a-di-an-si6] adj. m. of 
the sitting of a court. 

Huissier , crier of a, the court. 

AUDIENCI ER, n. 'm. crier of a court; 

AUDITEUR [fi-di-teur] n. m. 1. hear- 
er, m. f ; 2. auditor, m. ; auditress, f. ; 
8. auditor (of accounts) ; 4 auditor {ea- 
clesia-'itical functionary). 

Cliarse d' , (adm.) auditor.'fhip. 

AUDITI-F, VE [6:di-tif, i-v] adj. (anat) 

Conduit externa, (anat) cavity of 
the ear ; nerf , auditory, acoustic 

AUDITION j;6-di sion] n. f. 1. hearing ; 

2 ;a'im.)a(c7t<i7ifir (of accounts) , ludit; 

3 (law) /tearing (of witnesses). ' 
Nouvelle , 1. ot/i^^r hearing ; 2. (law) 

rJiearing (of witnesses). 

AUDITOniE [6-di-toa-r] n. ra. \. au- 
ditory (i)!a''.e); 2. auditory (assembly); 
audience ; 3. (of churches) congrega- 

AUGE [6-j] n. f. 1. trough; 2. water- 
ing trough; 3. (of masons) banker; 
gaxiging-board ; 4. (of water-mills) 

do ma^on, bricklayer's hod. Port- 
i* r , to carry the hod. 

AUG6E Wiq n. f. liodful. 

AUGET r6.ii1 I m 1 t;wj^ (small); 

2. bird's trough ; trough ; .3. (of mills) 
spout ; 4. (of water-wheels) bucket. 

Roue h. s, overshot-mill, tcheel. 

AUGITE [5-ji-t] n. (min.) augite. 

AUGMENT [og-man] n. m. 1. (Gr. 
gram.) augment; 2. (mcd.) increase. 

AUGMENTATEUR [og-min-ta-teur] 
n. m. augmenter. 

AUGMENTATI-F, VE [og-man-ta-tif, 

i-v] adj. (eram.) augmentative. 

AUGMENTATION [og-man-ta-sion] n. 
f. 1. in -rease ; augme7itation ; 2. en- 
largem^-t ; 3. addition ; 4 accession ; 6. 
(of price) 'ise; 6. {com.) advance ; rise. 

Sans , 1. unijicreased ; unaugment- 
ed ; 2. unmtlarged. 

AUGMENTER [og-man-t^] V. a. 1. to 
increase; to augrnent ; 2. to enlarge; 
to increase ; 8. to raise the salary of 
(a. o.) ; 4. to increase the wages of (ser- 
vanta, workmen); 5. to raise (prices); 
6. to increase; 7. (com.) to raise; to 

3, q. u., to raise a. o.^s sa'arrt. 

Personne qui augmente, increaser of; 
augmenter of; enlarger of. 
Augmente, e, pa. p. V. senses of 


Non , 1. unincreased ; ^inatigment- 
ed ; 2. unenlarged. 

S'apgmenter, pr. v. 1. to increase ; to 
augment; 2. to enlarge. 

AUGMENTER, v. n. 1. to increase ; 
to augment ; 2. to enlarge ; 3. (of 
prices) to Hse ; 4. (com.) to rise ; to ad- 
vance ; to improve. 

de prix, 1. to increase in value ; 
2. (com.) to rise. 

AUGURAL, E [5-ga-rai] adj. (Rom. 
ant.) augural. 

AUGURE [6-gii-r] n. m. 1. (th.) au- 
gury ; omen; 2. (pers.) augur. 

De bon (pour), of good omen {to) ; 
auspicious (to); de mauvais , of ill 
omen; ill-omened...; ominous; un- 
lucky. Charge d" , augurMp ; divi- 
nation par les s, science des s, au- 
gury. Des s, augurial. tAre 1" de, 
to give an augury of; etre de . . . ,to 
bode . . . ; ctre de bon (pour), to augur, 
to bode well {to) ; etre de mauvais 
(pour), to augur, to bode ill (to) ; to be 
ominous (to) ; tirer un de, to take an 
augur'/ of. 

AUGURER [ft-gn-rf] V. a. to augur; 
to take an augury of. 

Faire , to au{/ur. 

AUGUSTE [6-guB-t] adj. atigusi. 

Caractfere , augustness. 

AUGUSTIN [6-gus-tin] p. n. m. 1. Au- 
gustin; Austin; 2. (rel. ord.) Augus- 
tin, Austin friar. 

Saint- , 1. p. n. Saint AugusUn ; 2. 
(print) Englifih. 

AUJOURITHUI [6-jour-dui] adv. 1. \ 
to-day ; this day ; at, to this day ; 2. 
at this day; at present; at the present 
time ; now ; *{ nowadays. 

D6s , from to-day ; from Viis day, 
this very day ; d' en huit en quinze, 
(future) this day week, fortnight ; dans 
un mois d' , (future) this day a month ; 
jusqu' , jusqua , 1. ] till to-day, this 
day ; 2. % to, up to this day ; till this 
present time; until now; hitherto. 
11 y a huit jours, quinze jours, (past) 
this day week, fortnight ; en huit 
en quinze, (future) this day week, fort- 
night. A dater, a partir d' , from to- 
day ; from this day ; from this day 

AULIQUE [6-li-k] adj. auHc. 

Conseil , = council. 

AULIQUE, n. f. thesis (for the doctor- 
ship of divinity). 

AULNAIE, n. t V. Aunaie. 

AULNE. n. m. V. Aune. 

AULNfiE, n. f. V. Aunee. 

AU LOF [6-iof] n. m. (nav.) (order to 
the helmsman) luff! 

AUL0F1^:E [6 \o-iq n. f (nav.) (action 
and effect) luffing. 

AULX [o] pi. de Ail. 

AUM6NE [6-m6-ii]n. t 1. alms; 
alms-giving ; charity ; 2. cUm^s-deed. 

s pures, franches, frankalmoigne. 
Personne qui vlt d' , person that lives 

I on alms, charity; * eleemosynary , 
\ tronc des s, abns-hox. Domander 1' , 
to ask charity; donner r , to giM 
alms ; etre roduit i\ I' , etro a 1' , to be 
reduced to beggary ; faire V , to giv>^ 
alms, charity ; reccvoir 1", to rece^/cf. 
charity ; vivre d" , to live on nhne, 
charit)/ : * to be an eleemosynof g. 

AUM6NERIE ra-ni6-nrn n. f ( Vnioin- 

AUM6NIER [6-m6-ni t\ n. m. 1. airno- 
ner ; 2. chaplain; 3. (of a prison) vrdt 

Grand , grand almoner; Mconl 
, subalmoner. de vaisseau, nava, 
chaplain ; chaplain of a ship. Fonc 
tions d' . chaplainship. 

AUMANlfCRE [6-m6-ni-J-r] n. f. 1. al 
moner (woman); 2. alms-bag. 

AUMUSSE, AUMUCE [6-mu-.] n. t 
amess (fur worn by c. tons, chaplains, 

AUNAGE [6-na-j] n. m. 1. measuring 
(by the ell) ; alnage ; 2. measure (by 
the ell). 

A UNA IE [b-ni] n. f alder-plot. 

AUNE [6-n] n. m. 1. (bot) alder; ai 
der-busli; 2. t/Wer (wood). 

noir. black-berry-bearing alder. 
D' , aldern. 

AUNE, n. f ell. 

Tout du long de V jj^W, very mucli ; 
excessively. En avoir tout du long de 
r J3^~, to get it well. ,^*^ Mesurer 
los autros ti son , to judge others by 
o ne's self; ^j*j|, savoir ce (]n"en vaut 1' 
8^", to knoic by eajjerience. 

AUN6E [6-ne] n. (bot) (genus) el- 
* AUNER, V. a. to measure (by the ell). 

AUNEUR [6-neur] n. m. measurer 
(by the ell). 

AUPARAVANT [6-pa-ra-van] adv. (of 
time) 1. before (a given time); 2. be/^ri 
now, this; ere now, this ; 'i.f.rsl. 

1. Un an ,ai ear before. 3. Dites-noiis ot 
qn'il faut faire, teJf is first tph<U in to be dtmi. 

[Alpakavant is useil aLs lute'y ; it mut net 
be confoluided with tlie preji. avatU or devani ] 

AUPRfcS t6-pr*] prep. 1. |l (of plooe) 
(de) 7iear (...); close (to) ; 2. (i e, . . .) 
about {a. o.) ; 3. (de, . . .) with (a. ;:\ 

4. (DE, . . .) with (in the estimation of) ; 

5. (DE, . . .) to (a. o.) ; 6. (de, . , .) to; 
in comparison with. 

1. d'un eiidroit^ near a place. 2. Avoir de? 
domestiqucs desoi, / have servants aixiut one. 

3. Vivre de ses parents, (</ live wiih o.^a parenti. 

4. il chcrche a me nnire du prince, he seeks to 
injure me with the prince. .5. Ainbassadeur do 
roi de . . . , ambassador to the king of . . . . 

AUPRi^S, adv. 1. near ; close ; cloM 
by ; 2. at hand ; near at hand. 

AUQUEL, contraction of a lequfu 

AiTKAi, ind. fut 1st sing, of Avoir. 

Aurais, cond. 1st 2d sing. 

AURATE [6-ra-t] n. m. (chem.) au^ 

AUE]5:0LE r5-r-o-l] n. T. 1. halo of 
glory ; glory ; 2. (anat, mod.) areol ; 8. 
(paint) aureola ; glory. 

AURICULAIRE [6-ri-ku-lii-r] adj. ait- 

Temoin , ear-wit^iess. 

AURICULE [6-ri-ku-l] n. 1. (anat) 
auricle; auricula; '{pavilion <,f the 
ear; 2. (bot) auricula. 

commune^ dos fleuristes, (liot.) au- 
ricula ; ^ bear's ear. 

AURICULA, E [6-ri-ku-U] adj. (bot) 

AURIFfeRE [6-ii-fe-r] adj. (did.) au- 

AURILLARD, V. Okillaed. 

AURIQUE [6-ri-k] adj. (nav.) in UtA 
form of a fhoulder of mutton. 

Voile , shoulder of mutton sail. 

AUROCHS [6-rokn] n. m. (mam.) urn; 
urus ; ure-ov; aurochs. 

AURONE [6-ro-n] n. {hot.) south 7rn- 

femelle, lavender-cotton ; m&lo. 
des jardins, southern -^vood. 

AURORE [6-ro-r] n. f 1. 1 dawn if 
day ; dawn; day-break; break of day ; 
** morn ; **day-llush ; ** day-spring ; 
2. J dawn ; twilight ; morning ; 3. | 
goU'-color ; 4 * East ; 5. (astr.) Auro 
ra, &. {myth.) Au7-ora. 





a mal; A miile; e fee; & fdve; i fSte; ^je; 1 11; t lie; o mol; u moie; 6 mort; u sue; & sfire; wt jour; 

- austral i, (astr.) aurora awstraliit ; 

boivale, (astr.) = l/oi'ealvi ; ^ North- 
trn iiijht. V aux dolfits (le rose, ** 
'IS ij -fingered morn. Les cliiiiats de T , 
fasiern climbs ; les pleurs de 1" **, (he 
moriiiny deio. A V , 1. |1 at daien ; at 
d^iy-lireak. ; 2. at o.'s dawn ; iV , de 
r borealc, auroral; di'S V , 1. at 
dawn ; 2. in o.' earliest dawn ; sans 
, 1. 1 icitlunU a datcn ; 2. undawn- 

AUSCULTATION [os-kiJ-ta-.ion] n. f. 
(rned ) auscidtfttion. 

AUSCULTEK [os-kul-td] v. a. (med.) 
to auncidtate. 

AUSPICE [6s pi-] n. m. 1. (Rom. ant.) 
auspice, sing.; auspices, pi.; 2. s, 
(pi.) auspices. 

Ileureux s, 1. Imppy auspices; 2. 
auspiciousness ; inauvais s, 1. unhap- 
ni/ =: , 2. iuaiisjnciousness. Sous de 
bona 8, ausjiicionsly ; sous de niauvais 
8, inaiuipicivusly ; sous les s de, 
under the =: of. (iui a rapport aux s, 

AUSSl [6-si] adv. 1. likexnse; also; 
too; 2. so ; therefore; 3. as (.equally, as 
much) ; 4. 6i (to such a degi-ee). 

1. Et nioi , aw(/ / too, likewise. '2. ne I'ai- 
Je pas fait, and a"), therefore / did not do it. 3. 
Cette personne est dnuce, bonne et iiitelli- 
ffente que qui que ce soil, t/tia person is as mild, 
kind, and intetligeni aa a. o, 4. Un homme 
ricfae, 80 rich a man, 

Wen, ths more so as ; as ; for ; 

... que, as .. . as. 

[Au&si preceding a verb admits of the nom. fol- 
lowing the verb ( V. Ex. 2) ; in the 3(1 sense it is 
rpeald before each cf the words it nioditi s. ( V. 
kx. 8).] 

AUSSTi:RE [fi-.i4-r] n. f. (nav.) 1. 
fniwser ; 2. irarp. 

a touer, tow-line ; tow-rope. 
AUSSIT6T [ft-si-to] adv. 1. itnmedi- 

ateli ; 1 direcUij ; 2. so soon as ... . 

jue, 1. as soon as ; 2. so soon as; 

que cela ne vous durangera pas, as 
sarly as convenient, j^*^ dit, fait, 

U> sooner said than done. 

ACSTElt [og-tir] n. m. ** aiisier 
(boi til wind). 

AUSTKRE [os-t^-r] adj. 1. austere; 2. 
austere ; stern ; rigid ; 8. (to the taste) 
eJiarp ; harsh. 

AUST^ltE.MENT [oe-ti-r-man] adv. 1. 
austerely; 2. austerely; sternly; ri- 

AUST]<:iaTft [os-t-ri-td] n. f. 1. au- 
sterity ; austereness ; 2. austerity; 
sternness ; rigidness. 

AUSTRAL, E [os-trai] adj. (gcog.) au- 
stral ; sontlisrn. 

AUTAN [N-tiai] n. m.**auster; Mast. 

AUT A NT [6-ian] adv. 1. (dk, ...) as 
miu-h, sing. ; tts many, pi. ; 2. so much, 
sins. : so many. pi. ; 8. as in uch ; as far ; 
i. (with a verb) as much; the same; 
Vu3 liJce. 

1. lie ni/'rite ct d'nniis qnc hii, as much 
uifrit and as many friends as If. 2. C'est 
d'^^parpn^, it is s ' niucli saved. 3. Kaire q. ch. 
qr.'on peut, to do a. th. as much, as far a* mte can. 

- .. . ,\. as mucli . . . -lo m uch ; 2. 
as... as. Tout , 1. quite as much, 
mAiny ; 2. qiMe so much, many; 8. 
alike. A charge, a la charge d' , on 
condition of a return ;.(Y , as much; 
d' mieu.x, so much the better, tJie 
more, the rat/i^r ; d' iiioins, so much 
*Ji.e less ; d' r>l us, 1. so m uch tits more ; 
l. in so mtcch; d' plus que, so much 
the more as, that. que, ( V. senses) 1. 
as r.iHch as ; as far as ; 2. as good as; 
i. for aught . . . ; que Jc . . . , to the 
best cf my .. .; d'autant que, a.: ; foras- 
miich as; insomuch as; vaut, as 
good. En faire 'i,to do as much, tli.e 
awj<s the like. 

TAiilnnt preceding a noon require* de. ( V, Ex. 

AT^TEL [A-tMl n. in. L altar; 2. , 
(j.l.) itltiirs; religion; 8. (Jistr.) ara; 
4. (vers-.) 'iltar. 

(iranil. mMire , grand, high aUar. 
Devant d' ^ front oft/ie =; nappe d' , 
= -cUit'i ; tableau d' , = -piece. 
nr>nt.r> . = against =.. En forme d' , 
s: ->'. UreMcr. clever un . to raise 


an =; servir h V , to attend, serve at 
the =. 

AUTEUR [6-teiir] n. m. 1. aiitiior 
(first cause); 2. author; contriver; 
frtimer; 8. (of book) author, in. f. ; au- 
t/ioress, f. ; 4. writer, m. f. ; b. author 
(book); tcork ; 6. author; authority; 
7. (of the fine arts) artist; master; 8. 
(of crime) perpetrator ; 9. (of a disco- 
very) discoverer ; atitlior ; 10. (of a 
feat) achiever ; 11. (of engravings) en- 
graver ; artist; master; 12. (of inven- 
tions) inventor, m. ; inventress, f. ; 18. 
(of music) composer ; master; 14. (of 
paintings) painter; artist; master; 
15. (of sculpture) scidptor ; artist; 
master; 16. (of writings) tcriter ; au- 

classique, 1. classical author ; clas- 
sic ; 2. standard =^; principal, (latv) 
(of crimes) principal. Droit d" , 
copy-right ; metier d" , (b. s.) autlior- 
ship; qualite, profession d" . author- 
ship. D" , des s, aut/torial. Se faii'e 
, ]. to become an author ; ^ to turn 
author ; 2. to apperir in pHnt. 

AUTHENTICITY [O-tan-tisi-ti] n. f. 
a ut/ienticity. 

Sans , unautlientic. 

AUTIIENTIQUE [6-tSn.ti-k] adj. 1. 
authentic; 2. unapocryp/uil ; 3. (mus.) 

Non , unauthentique. Action de 
renore , authentication. Reconnaitre 
pour , to authenticate; non reconnn 
, unatithenticated. 

man] adv. authentictdlif. 

AUTIIENTIQUES [6-tan-ti-k] n. f. au- 
thentics, pi. 

AUTOBIOGRAPIIE [6-to-bi-o-gra-f ] n. 
m. avtohiographer. 

AUTOBIOGEAPIIIE [e-to-bi-o-gra-fi] 
c. f. autobiography. 

AUTOCIITlIONE [6-tok-to-n] n. m. 
(Gr. hist.) autochthon. 

AUTOCRATS [6-to-kra-t] n. in. auto- 

AUTOCRATIE [6-to-kra.ti] n. auto- 

AUTOCRATIQUE [6-to-kra-ti-k] adj. 

AUTOGRATRICE [fi-to-kra-tri-s] n. f 

AUTO-DA-F:fe [a-to-da-f] n. m., pL , 

AUTOGRAPIIE [6-to-gra-f] adj. auto- 

AUTOGRAPHE, n. m. autograph. 

AUTOGUAPIIIE [5-to-gra-f i] n. f. au- 

AUTOGRAPIIIER [6-to-grafi^] v. a. 
to autograph. 

AUTOGRAPHIQUE [ft-to-gra-fi-k] adj. 

AUTOMATE [fi-to-ma-t] n. m. autoin- 

AUTOMATE, adj. automatic; au- 

AUTOMATIQUE [ft-to-ma-ti-k] adj. 

Fabrique , factory ; systeme ,fac- 

AUtOMATIQUEMENT [6-to-ma-ti-k- 
man] adv. like an automaton. 

AUTOMNAL, E [6-tom-nai] adj. au- 

Plante e, = plant ; =. 

[Autumnal has no m. p'.] 

AUTOMNE fft-to-n] n. m. f 1. | au- 
tumn ; fall of the leaf; ^fall; 2. au- 
tumn ; yelloio leaf. 

Do r , ofauticmn ; autumnal. 

teiir, tri-s] adj. 1. (did.) Self-acting ; self- 
moving ; 2. (tech.) self-acting ; 8. (tech.) 

AUTONOME [6-to-oo.m] adj. (Gr. hist.) 

AUTONOMIE [6-to-no.mi] n. f. (Gr. (tutonomy. 

AUTOPSIE'[A-iop-si] n f. 1. autopsy ; 
2. autopsi) ; post mortem examination. 

AUTORISATION [ft-to.ri.z.l-iio,,] n. f 
1. (a, to) authorization ; 2. authority ; 
consent; 3. (of a nreacher) license; 4. 
(adin.) license; 5. (law) icarrant; war- 

Sans , unauthorized ; 2. unJicenecit. 
Accorder une ti, ( V. senses) i_ailm.) to 

AUTORISER [6-to-ri.j^] V. a. 1. (a) '.,> 
aut/iorize ; 2. (<(, to) to enipoicer ; 3. to 
commission; 4. (d, to) to qualify; H. 
{a, in) to warrant; G. (adm.) to licensf\ 

Personnc qui antorisc, ( V. senses) ?crr- 
ranter (of), fitre autoriso (a), ( V. 
senses) 1. to be autliorized (to) / S. Ut 
have authority (to). 

AuTORiSE, E, pa. p. ( F. senses of Aj- 
tokiser) legitimate (autliorized by us), 

Non , 1. u,nautliorized ; 2. not em- 
powered ; 8. uncommissioned ; 4. un- 
qualified ; 5. umvarranted ; 6. illegiti- 
mate (not authorized by use) ; 7. (adm.) 

S'AtTTORisEK, pr. V. ( V. scnscs of Au- 
toriser) 1. (a, in ; dk, by) (pers.) to l/r 
warrajited ; 2. (th.) to acquire, to ob- 
tain, to get. to gain autliority. 

AUTORITi, ' to-ri-t6] n. f. 1. au- 
thority; 2. control; sway; rule; 8. 
(b. s.) aidiioritativeness ; dictatorship ; 
4. aut/iority ; testimony. 

constituee, establis.ied authority. 
Air, ton d' , 1. air, tone qf:=z; 2. ^b. s.) 
aut/ioritativeness. Plei.i d" , full of 
:= ; autiivritative. Avec , 1. tcith =: ; 
2. (b. 8.) aut/ioritatively ; d' , 1. of^ ; 
2. (b. s.) autlioritative ; 8. authorita- 
tively; de sa propre , de son privce, 
by o.^s otcn = ; par son , 1. by o.'s = ; 
2. at o.'s control ; sous son , 1. under 
o.'s =; 2. at o.'s control. Avoir de 1' 
sur q. u., to /lave ]w>cer with a. o. ; 
avoir, exercer P supreme, to hold, to 
ea'ercise supreme =:::; to be supreme ; 
etre une , faire , to be an ^::: ; exer- 
cer de r sur, to exercise =z over ; to 
control; inettre bors de la portee de 1" , 
(law) to eloin ; prendre de 1' , to assume 
=:; user A' . to use o.'sr=.. Qui u dp 
r . qui marque 1' , autlioritative. 

AUTOUR [o-tour] n. m. (orn.) (j:n>- 

ordinaire, ==. 

AUTOUR, prep. | (de, . . .) around, 
round; about. 

Tout de, aU = ; round about Al 
ler de, to go round ; faire circulei', 
passer q. oh. de, to It^tnd a, th. round; 
veiiir de, to come, to get round. 

Tourner de la question, to icati- 
der from the question ; tourner dn 
pot, to beat the bush. 

Sim. AuTouR DB, i l'entour. These phraser 
shttuld be carefully distinguished. AtUuitr de 
periornis the part of a preposition; d Peiit"ur, thai 
of an adverb. A mother has all her dau>rhter8 
aufoitr d^efie (around her). A father establisLee 
himself in a certain place, and all his sons settle 
a t'entoiir (artrund). 

AUTOUR, adv. around; round; 

Ici , hereabout; here abouts ; tout 
, all around, round, about; f round 

AUTOURSERIE [ft-tour-sj-ri] n. 
training goshawks. 

AUTOURSIER [ft-tour-si6] n. m. fal- 
coner (that trains goshawks). 

AUTRE [6-tr] adj. 1. other; 2. other, 
different; 3. else. 

Aucun, mil , personne , nobody 
else ; nous s . . . , ^ we. . .; r.'en , i 
nothing else; no other; bien ...,n 
very different .. .; tout , 1. quite dif- 
ferent; 2. any other; 8. aught beside; 

vous s . . . , i you Et d" s chosos 

pareilles, semblables, d' s de la menie 
sorte, and the like ; un , encore un . 
another; et encore d' s ..., 1. avA 
otit-ers more; 2. * another and anot/ie-. 

[AuTUK in the Isl and 2d senses precedes the t.] 

AUTRE, pron. 1. otli^r, sing.; ci/^. (., 
pi. ; 2. else. 

Aucun , nul , 1. no o'Ji^r ; noni' ; 
2. (pers.) no oiie, nobody else; et en- 
core d' B, and =s more ; * another and 
another; I'un, Tune \' , les uns, l 
unes lea s, each =: one aiiother; 
I'un, Tune apres 1' , le."" uns, les unoR 
apres les s. 1. ojie after another ; 2. 
deep ; Tun dans 1' , i'un portant 1" , 
one with another; nous s ^, wt:; 
guelqu' , 1. some = ; 2. (pevK') rovie 
body, some on^ el'ie; tout , any-rs 




au joute ; eu jeu ; eH jcfine ; eii peur ; <mi pan ; in pin ; on bon ; tin brun ; *1I liq. ; *gn llq. 

an , another; vous s ^, you. A 
4^ g^ IM that to =s / yoxv must not tell 
me that ! entre s, among otiter things. 
No pas en faire d" 8 1, to rfo nothing 
else. Commo dit V , cet 1, as tlte 
eaylng is. 

AUTRKF3IS [6-tr6-foa] A\. former- 
ly ; ^ in /inner times; in times of' yore. 

I)' , 1. of former times; of times 
-.asi; of yore ; 2. by-gone. 

AUtrtEMENT [6-tr-mai.] adv. 1. 
Aherwise (difterently); 2. otherictse; 
due ; or elue. 

Pas , 1 . not otherwise ; 2. t If very, 
much. dit, iiominc, (law) alias. 

AUTRICHIEN, NE [6-tri-8hi-iii, 6-ii] 
RiJj. Aimtrian. 

AUTEICIIIEN, n. m., NE, n. f. Aus- 

AUTBUCHE [6-tru-8h] n. f. (orn.) os- 

Dnvet d' , ostrich; estridge. II a un 
estotnac d' , c'est un estoniac d" , he 
eats like a farmer, ploughman; J^" /ie 
is a good trencherman. 

AUTRUI [6-trui] n. m. anotlier, sing. ; 
oViers, pi. 

\.r bien .1', ihe propert'j of others. 

AUVENT [6-vSii] n. m. penthouse. 

AUVEUNAT [6-v*r-!ui] n. m. Auver- 

AUXJ5] definite art m. f. pi. (contrac- 
tion of A, to, at, etc. and Les, tlie). V. A. 

AUXlLiAIRE [6k-i-ii-A-r] adj. 1. awci- 
lUwy ; 2. (grain.) atixiliary. 

AUXILIAIRE, n. m. 1. auxiliary ; 
2. (scram.) auacUiary. 

AUXQUELS [6-kei] (contraction of A 
Lesql'els). , 

AUXQUELLE3 (contraction of A 

AVACillR (S') [sa-va-shir] pr. V. 1. to 
hang down; to flag; 2. to get flabby ; 
8. to g< t out of shape. 

A VACS, ini imperf. 1st, 2d sing, of 
A voni. 

AVAL [aval] n. m. (com.) (of bills) 
':'xdertaking ; guaranty. 

AVAL, a'.v. (fiAY.) down the stream, 
> iter. 

I)" \ loicntJierirer; %from,doivn 
the filer; down t'lf ricer; d<nen; 3. 
(of the wind) weste.rlj ; on , dmon Uie 
river ; down ; downward ; en de, 

AVALAISON [a-vn-Ii-Mn] n. 1. t II 
_flood ; torrent ; 2. (mar.) set westerly 
wind (of more tlian a week's duration). 

lan-h, lan-j] n. f. avalanche; snow-slip. 

AVALASSE, n. f. V. Avalaiso.v. 

AVALA, E [a-va-Ie] adj. 1. hanging 
down; falling down; 2. flagging. 

AVALER [a-va-i<5] V. a. 1. | to sical- 
low ; ^ to get dotcn ; 2. (b. s.) to swal- 
low down, up; to take of; Jt^~ to 
gulp, gulp down; 3. II to drink icp 
(liquids) ; to quaff off; t to toss off; to 
swill ; to drain (a cup) ; 4. 1[ to sical- 
low (believe with credulity); to stcal- 
loio down ; to take down ; 5. 1 to en- 
dure (an affront) ; 1 to pocket ; ^ to put 
in o.'s pocket ; to put up iciih ; C. (dans, 
into) to lower (into a cellar); to let 
down; 7. (hort.) to cut off (a branch) 
close to tlie trunk. 

avidement, to stcaUow greedily ; 
^ to^= down, up ; to take off; {a^~ to 
gulp, gulp down; to gabble up. la 
mer et les poissons, fS'" 1. (of liniigcr) 
to breed a famine ; 2. (of thirst) to drink 
the sea dry. tXra avalo de travers, to be 
twallowed the wrong rcay ; to go dozen 
th.e icroiig way ; fairo q. ch. a q. u. 
J , ( r. senses) to make a. o. = a. th. ; 
-.- to cram a. th. doirn a. o.'s throat. 

AVALER, V. n. + to go down with the 
ourrcnt, stream, river. 

S'avalek, pr. V. 1. to Suing down; to 
fall down; 2. to flag. 

AVALEUR [a-va-lef.r] n. m. (DE)per- 
iO'ii that consP"'>dy takes (. . .). 

de pois gns, gormandizer ; glut- 
ton ; de charrottes ferrces, braggado- 
cio ; ^ hjclli/. 

AVALOI'RE [a-ra-oa r] n. 1^" L 1 
(jest.) swallow ; 2. (of harness) breech ; 

AVAN<^AGE [a-van-a-j] n. m. eoach- 
stand ; stand. 

AVANCE [a-van.] n. f. L I projec- 
tion ; 2. II space, distance in advance ; 
8. ground gained ; tcork done ; 4. 
(a, to) advance (civility); 5. ad- 
vance ; advance money ; 6. (arch.) 
bearing out ; 7. (com.) s, (pi.) ad- 
vances, pi. ; 8. (nav.) gai7i. 

, (of watches) /(/.9<. diurne (nav.) 
daily gain. A Y , d' , en , par , 
I. in advance; beforehand; 2. before 
o.'s time ; d' siir, ahead of; before. 
Avoir r (sur), to ha/ve, to get the start 
(of) ; faire des s, (;i) 1. to make ad- 
vances (to) ; 2. T[ to make up (to) ; faire 
une de . . . , to advance ..., to tnake 
an advance of...; prendre 1' , to get 
the start. 

AVANCl!;, E [a-van-s] adj. 1. ad- 
vanced; 2. forward; '3. (of the hour) 
late; 4. (of meat) tuinted ; 5. (mil.) ad- 

Bien , (V. senses) far-advanced, 
gone; trop , too far-advanced, gone. 
Garde e, (mil.) 1. advatice-guard; 2. 
outpost; poste ,(m'\\.) advance. Etre 
plus , (V. senses) to be better off; ctre 
moins . (V. senses) to be the worst off'. 

AVANCfiE, n. (mil.) advance 

AVANCEMENT [a-van-.-man] n. m. 1. 
J (a, to) advan<iement ; 2. advance- 
ment; improvement; 3. promotion; 
preferment ; advancement. 

AVANCER [a-van-8<5] v. a. 1. || to ad- 
vance; to move, to put forward ; to 
put ; to prcsh forward ; 2. j to liold out ; 
to put out; to put; * to hold, to put 
forth; 3. || to bring, to draw forward ; 
to bring ; to drato ; 4. to forward ; 5. 
to accelerate ; to hasten ; to hasten on ; 
to urge ; to urge on ; 6. to advance ; to 
forward; to help forward , on; to get 
on ; to push on ; 7. to advance ; to pro- 
mote; 8. to prefer (a. o.); to put f or- 
%vard ; 9. to advance (a doctrine, an 
opinion); to broach; to urg^'; to give 
out; to hold forth; toputfort/t,; 10. 
to advance (pay beforehand) ; 11. to give, 
to set (a chair) ; 12. to set, put forward, 
ahead (a clock, a watch). 

'2. la main on le pied, tt* hold out o.^a land or 
o.^s fou. 8. une table, to brinpra tah'e forward. 
4. la vt'ffdtation, to f >rward veqetatim. 5. un 
t('inj)6, to hasten on a time. 6. lea affaires, to ad- 
vance, to forward business. 1. les int^rets de q. 
u., to advance, to promote a. o.^s interests. 

S'avancer, pr. V. (vers, to, towards) 
1. II to advance ; to proceed ; to move ; 
to get forward, on ; to come, to go 
forward, forth, on, onward; to jniSi, 
forward, on, onward ; * to progress ; 
** to career ; 2. i (vers, to) to go, to 
move, to step up ; ^ to tnake up ; 8. || 
to stand fortoard, forth ; 4. || (h. s.) 
to wade (proceed with difflculty); 5. || 
(th.) to protrude ; to project ; to jut; 
6. (pcrs.) to advance ; to go ; to pro- 
ceed ; 7. (pers.) to advance ; to pro- 
gress ; to make progress ; 1[ to getfor- 
icard, on; to pnish on; 8. (th.) to 
advance ; to jirogress ; to move on ; to 
ru'^, on. 

1. Le jtmr s'*avance, the day is mlvancing. 6. 
trop dans 8^8 oflfres, to advance, to go tooftf in o.'s 
oJTers. 1. dans une carriere, to advance, to pro- 
grL'sa, to gH on in a career. 8. Le temps a^avatice, 

(en allant), to go forward, on- 
ward, on ; (a cheval), to ride up (to) ; 

(en courant), to run up (to) , (pen 
A pen), to creep up to ; (a pied), to 
step, to walk up (to) ; (en rampant), 
to creep, to crawl forward, on, up (to) ; 

(en sautant), to jtimp up ; (en 
sautillant), to skip up; (en sortant), 
to come, to issue forth; (en venant), 
to come fortcard, on, up ; (en voi- 
ture), to drive fortcard, up ; (il la 
voile), to sail up (to) ; (en volant), to 
fly up (to). 

toujours, (F. senses) to drive on; 

trop, ( V. senses) io'overslioot o.^s self; 
1 o.'s mark; de force, (V. senses) to 
thrust on. 

AVANCEK, V. n. 1. \ (vers, to, to- 
wards) to advance; to proceed; to 
move, to get forward, on ; to come, in 

go forward, forth, on, oincard; to 
piush- forward, on, onward, *to j/ro- 
gress; ** to career; 2. || (vers, to) ti 
go, to move, to step up ; 3. I (b. s.) to 
tcade (proceed with difficulty) ; 4. 8 (b. 
s.) (suR, on, U2)07i) to encroach; 5, | 
(th.) to project, to stand out; to CA)me, 
out; 6. to advance; to progress ; to 
make progress; to improve; to goJ 
fonoard,on; 7. (of clocks and watcin?i'; 
to be, to go fast, too fast; 8 (mil) (rt 

4. s'.ir le terrain de q. u., to encroach vpon i. 
o.^s land. 5. Une mais n qui avance sur la rue, a 
h.<U8e that projects in th* street. 

V. S'avancer (en allant), etc. Ne pas 
,(V. senses) to keep off. Faire , ( F. 
senses) 1. 1 to press, to push forward, on ; 
2. II to bring up ; 3. || to get forward ; 4. 
to draw forth, out; 5. to call (a coach). 
Qui n'avance pas, ( F. senses) unim- 

AVANIE [a-va-ni] n. 1. I molesta- 
tion (for the piu'pose of exaction exer- 
cised by the Turks); 1.%affront; outrage^ 

Sanglante , gross outrage. 

AVANT [a-van] prep. 1. (of time) he- 
fore, * ere ; 2. (of time) (preceding a 
verb) (i)E, . . .) before ; 8. (of order, situ- 
ation) b^bre ; 4. (corap.)/or. 

1. dix heures, before ten o'c/oci ; arriver q, 
U.J to arrive before a. o. 2. de venir, before co- 
ming ; before he came. 3. Mettre un chapitre un 
autre, to put one chapter before anxjther. 

tawt, fir St; ^ first of all ; before 
all, all things else ; ce jour, before, era 
note. D' , before ; preceding. qu'il 
soit longtemps, before, ere long. 

[AvANT juust not Ite confounded with devant of 
the adv. aitparavant.'] 

Avant que, conj. (de ; [subj.]) before. 

de mourir, avant qu'oa meure, before one 

AVANT, adv. 1. 1| (of place) far ; 2. J 
(of place) .^rwarc?; 3. || (of place) rffi^ .- 
4. (of tiine) far; far advanced; ix <5 

En , 1. II (of place) /onrarrf; ii. aA- 
vance ; on ; 2. forwa> d ; on ; i. |i 
abroach ; 4 (mil.) forward ; 5. (nav.) 
aJiead. En I on ! toujours en '. ( n 
and on ! forth on ! En de, 1. \ be- 
fore, in }ront of; 2. in advance of; 
before, moreforward than ; en et en 
arriere, 1. before and behind ; 2. to and 
fro; 3. (nav.) /ore and aft. Aller en , 

1. to go forward; 2. to urge; mettre en 
, 1. J to bring foricard ; to advance ; 

2. to hold forth ; to put forth ; 3. 
to bring, to call into play ; se mettre 
en , to stand forward, forth ; to put 
o.'s self forward. 

AVANT (inseparable prep, used in 
compound words) before; fore 

AVANT, n. m. (nav.) 1. afore; 2. (of 
the ship) liead ; boiv ; entrance. 

De r a rarriere,/rom stem to stern ; 
fore and aft. De V h, ahead of. Aller 
ii r , to have head-way ; aller do X- -, 
to be under-icay ; etre de 1' (a), to be, 
to keep ahead (of) ; gagner 1" (de), to 
get ahead (of) ; rester sur 1' (a), to 
bear ahead of. 

AVANTAGE [a-vSn-ta-j] n. m. 1. (de, 
DANS, of) advantage ; benefit; 2. (qua- 
lity) advant<igeousness ; 3. (suk, over) 
advantage (superiority) ; 4. * advan- 
tage-ground ; vantage-groumd ; 5. (law) 
voluntary gift; 6. (man.) whip-Jiatid 
7. (nav.) iceather-gage ; 8. (play) odds. 

Faible, leger, mince , slight, trifiinij 
advantage, benefit. A 1' de q. u , tt 
a. o.'s = ; avcc , 1. tcith = ; 2. to = : j 
an plus grand , to the best =. Avofi 
r sur q. u., to have tlie = over a. o. ; 
-f- to have tlte whip-hand of a. o. ; 5 f^ 
have a. o. on the hip ; faire des e i\ q. 
u., 1. to give a. o. =s ; 2. tofavo." a. o^' 
prendre q. u. fl son ,totakea.' 
prendre de T , son , to step upon 
something (in getting on o.'s horse) ; ro- 
tirer Je 1' (de), to reap benefit (from) ; 
tirer de, to take = of; to turn to ao- 

AVANTAGER [a-van-ta je] v. a. I. it 
advantage ; to give an advantage, cuU 
vantages to ; 2. (de, with) to favor. 
AVANTAOEU8EMENT [ a-viii w, 





a mal ; d male ; e f6e ; i ffive ; 6 fjte ; ^ je ; til; iWo; o mol ; o m61e ; o nvirt ; u sue ; Hi sure ; ou Jour ; 

fcd-r-rirj.J a(lv. 1. advantageously ; 2. 

2. I'rtrler, iienter de q. u., <o speak; tu think 
sell, highly 0/ a. o. 

Le plus , 1. t/ie moat = ; 2. to the 
best cMvantage. 

AVANTAGEU-X, SE [ a-vSi. ta-jeu, 
40 z] adj. 1. (a, to) advantageous ; hene- 
fici }l ; 2. (pers.) presuming ; assum- 
ing ; a (of dress) becoming. 

Pea , ( F. senses) unbenefldal. Air 
, cotueited look ; position avantageuse, 
{,'<rifiin , II advantage-ground ; nan- 
iage-g round ; taille avantageuse, com- 
manding figure. Avoir line opinion, 
nne idee avantageuse de q. u., to enter- 
tain, have a good, favorable opinion 
of a. o.; to think, well of a. o. 

AVANT-BEC [a-van-bek] n. ni., pi. 8, 
(engin.) (of bridges) 1. starling ; 2. cut- 
water ; hreak-icdter. 

AVAMT-BRAS [a-van-bra] n. m., pi. , 

AVANT-CORPS [a-van-ldr] n. m., pi. 
^1 (fiTch.) fore-part (of buildings). 

de cliapelle, ante-chapel. 
AVANT-COUR [a-van-kour] n. f., pi. 

s, fore-yard ; fore-court. 

AVANT-COUREUR [ a-van-kou-reur] 

n. m., pi. s, 1. II (\>ers.)forerii,nner ; 2. 
S (th.) forerunner ; precursor ; har- 
binger ; 3. (mil.) van-courier ; 4. (Rom. 
ant.) ante-cursor. 

fitre r de, 1. to be the = of; 2. to 
ushtr ; to usher in. 

AVANT - COURRli;RE [ a-van-kou- 

rie-r] n. , pi. &,** harbinger ; fore- 

tre r de, to be the =. of; to usher ; 
to usher in. 

AVANT-DERN-IIR, liRE [a-van- 
'ler-nif, i-r] adj., pi. s, last but one ; 2. 

L'- -e syllabe, penult ; penidtima. 

A"V ANT-FAIRE-DROIT [ a-vin-fi-r- 
t;.i] n. m., pi. , (law) preventive in- 
} motion. 

AVANT-FOSSi: [a-van-fo-.^] n. m., pi. 
e. (fort.) advance fosse. 

A V ANT-GARDE [a-van-gar-d] n. f., pi. 
8, 1. (^j\i\.) van- guard ; van ; 2. (nav.) 

AVANT-GOtiT [a-van-gou] n. m., 
pi. s, 1. 1 foretaste; 2. anticipa- 

Avoir un de, 1. to have a = of; 2. 
to foretaste. 

AVANT-IIIER [a-van-ti-6r] adv. the 
day before yesterday. 

an soir, the evening before last. 
AVANT-JOUR [a-van-jourj n. m., pi. 

, morning twilight ; twilight 

AVANT-MAIN [a-van-min] n. m., pi. 
, l.frst-hand; 2. (man.) forehand ; 
fore-quarters ; 8. (tennis) forehand 

Avoir de V , (man.) to have fine fore- 

AVANT-MIDI [a-van-mi-di] n. m., pi. 
.^forenoon ; morning. 

D' , antemeridian. 

AVANT-PfiCIIE [a-van-pi-shl n. f., pi. 
e, ichite avant peach; early Anne 

AVANT-PIED [.i-van-pi6] n. m., pi. 
, \. {awsX.) metatarsus; 2. (of animals) 
fore-foot ; 3. (of boots) vamp. 

AVANT-PORT ["-vSn-pdrf n. m., pi. 
s, 1. outer port ; 2. tide-dock. 

A VANT-POSTE [a-van-pos-t] n. m., pi. 
8. (mil.) outpost. 

AVANT-PROPOS [a-v5n-pro-p6] n. m., 
pi. , 1. (of ho(>]is) preface ; introduc- 
ihKi; 2. (of conversation) prcy?^ci/ in- 
ti'oduction ; preamble. 

D' , prefatory. Faire un 4, to 
irako a preface to ; to preface. 

AVANT-CJUART [a-van-kar] n. m.,pl. 
6, (horol.) warning. 

AVANT-SCI;NE [a-van-.i.u] n. f., pi. 
-, 8, \. front of ths stage; 2. events 
precediyig the opening (of a drama), 
fl. ; 8. (sLnf) proscenium. 

AVANT-TOIT [a-van-toa] n. m., pi. 
, projecting roof. 

AVANT-TRAlN [a-vau-lrin] n. m., pi. 
B, \. fore-carriage; 2. (iiian.)./o/'-;<r{^ 
tnd chest (of a horse). 

A VANT-VEILLE [a-vin-vi.!*] n. f, pi. 
.s, Pico days before. 

AVARE [tt-va-r] adj. 1. arariciovs ; ^ 
m.iser ly ; ^ miser-like ; jaj9~ 2. stingy ; 
|W niggardly; ^p~ niggard; 3. 
(g. s.) {pv^ of) sparing. 

3. du iem[is, de 8es dons, sparing rf time, of 
o.'a t/irts. 

AVARE, n. m. 1. miser ; 2. t niggard. 

D' , miser-like ; m iserly ; en , 1. 
like a miser ; 2. gasr" niggardly. 

AVARICE [a-va-ri^sTn. f 1. avarice ; 
avariviousness ; 2.^^" stinginess. 

sordide, sordidness; ^ niggardli- 
ness. Avec , 1. avariciously; 2. t 
stingily ; ni ggar dly ; par , 1. from 
avarice ; 2. g>(g~ from stinginess. 

AVARICIEU-X, SE, adj. t V. A\art.. 

AVARIE [a-va-ri] n. f. 1. damage (in 
the conveyance, of goods) ; 2. (nav.) dam- 
age ; 8. (com. nav.) s, (pi.) average, 

s communes, grosses, 1. (nav.) eoetra- 
ordinary damage ; 2. (com. nav.) gene- 
ral average ; menues s, (com. nav.) 
accustomed, petty, small averages ; s 
particulieres, simples, 1. (nav.) ordinary 
damage; 2. (com. nav.) particular 
average. Compte d' s et de contribu- 
tions, (ins.) statement. Franc d" ,free 
of average. Sans , (nav.) undamaged. 
Causer des s a, 1. (nav.) to damage ; 
2. to cripple (a ship) ; indemniser d'une 
, (com. nav.) to make good an aver- 
age; pour roparer ses s,/or repairs. 

AVARIER [a-va-ri-c] V. a. (nav., com. 
nav.) to damage. 

AvAPaE, E, pa p. damaged. 

Non , (com. nav., nav.) undamaged. 

A VAU-L'EAU [a-v5-15] adv. |i v>lth 
the current, stream,. 

Aller a , 1. || to go=.; 1.% to come 
to nothing ; to full to the ground. 

AVfi [a-T] n. m. ave. 

Maria, = MaHa, Mary. 

AVEC [a-v6k] prep. 1. with ; 2. ^ ^lnth 

2. Prendre q. ch. et s'en aller , to take a. th. 
and go away with it. 

D' ,fro^n (as differing from). eela, 
tout cela,/or all that; notwithstand- 
ing ; nevertheless. 

AVECQUE, t r. Avec. 

AVEINDRE [a-vin-dr] V. a. t (conj. 
like Craindke) (de) to take {from); to 
take Old {of). 

AVEINE, n. C t V. Avoine. 

AVEINT, E, pa. p. of AVEINDRE. 
AVELAN:^DE [a-v-la-ne-d] n. f. 


AVELINE [a-v-li-n] n. f {hoi.) flhert. 

AVELINIER [a-v-li-ni^] n. m. (bot) 
Jilbert-tree ; filbert hazel-nut. 

AV^NAGb [a.v6-nn-j] n. m. (feud, 
law) avenage (payment in oats). 

AvENAiT, ind. imperf. 8d sing, of 


AvENAST, E, pres. p. 

AVENANT, E [a-v-nan, i] adj. pre- 
possessing; engaging ; pleasing. 

Mai , unprepossessing; tin engag- 
ing ; forbidding. A 1' (de), 1. an- 
swerable {to); answerably {to); ^ all 
of a piece {with) ; 2. appropriate {to) ; 
appropriately (to). 

, AVilNEMENT [a-v-n-man] n. m. 1. 
(a, to) accession ; succession ; 2. (of 
the Messiah) coming ; advent. 

AVENIR [n-v-nir] V. n. def t (conj. 
like Tenir) (th.) to occxir ; to happen. 

Avenant, occurring ; happening ; in 
case of. Le cas avenant, the case oc- 
curring. Advienno qiradvienne, quoi 
qu"il en advienne, . 1. co?7i what may, 
will; 2. whatever may be the conse- 

AvENa, E, pa. p. occurred; hap- 

Non , 1. not = ; 2. null and void ; 
nul et non , (law) null and void. 

AVENIR, n. m. 1. future ;, future 
times: * futurity ; 1 time to come; 2. 
after life ; 8. .future welfare ; welfare ; 
future eiristence ; etrisience; 4. future 
prospects ; prospects, pi. ; 5. posterity ; 
6. (law) venire facias. 

h comparaitre, (law) venire facias. 
A r , in future; in ttie future; 1 in 

time to come; hereafter ; from thli 
that time ; henceforth. 

A VENT [a-viin] n. m. advent. 

Do r , adventual ; of advent. 

A VENTURE [n-vau-tu-r] n. C adzor, 

Bonne , 1. good = ; 2. fortune (pre 
diction) ; grossv' , (com. nav., mfj uiy/l 
bottomry'{V. Gaosst). Triste ^1 *i^J 
:=; 2. mischance. Acte de pi^t ii IL 

fosse , (law) bottomry-bond ; co.-.tniT 
la grosse , pret a la grosse , (nfi/, 
\av;)oottomry; compagnon d' , C6 lui- 
venturer ; diseur, diseuse de bonne , 
fortune-teller ; esprit d" , adventure ; 
mal d' , whitlow ; voyagenr ei'^wsA 
aux s. adventurer. A 1' , 1. 07i z= 
at a venture; %for a venture; 8. at 
random; d' , par , peradventure ; 
perchance; by chance. Chercher dee 
s, to seek zzzs ; dire la bonne , to tell 
fortunes; dire h q. u. sa bonne , to 
tell a. 0. his fortune ; se faire dire sc 
bonne , to have o.'s fortune told ; la- 
cher a 1' , to blurt out ; mettre a Y , 
to put to the venture ; tentor V , 1. to 
make the attempt, trial; 2. ^ tc try o.'s 
fortune, luck. Qui dit la bonne , 
fortune telling ; that tells fortunes. 

AVENTURER [a-vai.-tu-r] V. a. to 
venture ; * to adventure ; to put to the 
venture; to hazard; to risk. 

A VENTURE, E, pa. p. 1. hazarded ; 2. 

Non , unhazarded. 

S'aventurer, pr. v. {de, to) to ven- 
ture ; to adventure ; to hazard. 

AVENTUREU-X, SE [a-vin-tu-reo, 

eu-z] adj. adventurous; venturous; 5 

Non , not=z; nnadventurous. Ca- 
ractore , (th.) adventurousnea ; eo- 
prit , (pers.) adventurousness. 

AVENTURIER [a-vin-iu ri] r. ni. 
adventurer Cman). 

AVENTURIERE [a-viin-:-.r: i i] c i 
(b. s.) adventurer (woman). 

AVENTURIER [a.Tan-tu.ri<] uy. )' 

AVENTURINE [a van-tu-ntj u t 
(min.) advanturine. 


AVENUE [a-v-nul n. t. H % (pb; 
to, of) avenue; 2. | avenue; waUc ; 

AVfiRER [a-T-r6] V. a. to evincs t/U 
truth of 

AVR0N [a-T-ron] n. m. {hot) will 

AVERSE [a-vJr-] n. f. s/iouer. 

Forte, grosse , heavy = ; petite , 
slight =.. 

AVERSION [a-Tjr-sion] n. 1. (CONTRE, 

POUR, to, for) aversion; 2. averseness ; 

3. (coNTKE, POUR, to) disinclination; 

Bote d" If, eye-sore ; objet d' , eye- 
sore. D' , of aversion ; averted. Avoir 
de r (pour), 1. to have an aversion {to 
a. o., a til.) ; 2. to be averse {to a. th.) ; to 
be disinclined {to) ; to dislike; Otre la 
butc d' de q. u., to be an eye-sore to a. 
o. ; prendre q. u., q. ch. en , to take an 
aversion, to a. o., a th. 

AVERTIR [n-ver-tir] V. a. 1. (de) to 

inform {of) ; to appi-ize {of) ; to gPce 
intelligence {of) ; 2. (formally) to givn 
notice (of); to advise (of); to give ad- 
vice (of) ; 8. (b. 8.) to admonish ; 4. (U 
s.) to ivarn ; to give warning to. 

3. q.u. d'une faute,/o admonish a.o. qfafanH, 

4. q. u. d'un danger, d'un mal, to warn . c / 
a danger, of an evil. 

h Vavance, 1. to give notice; 2. to 
give warning ; d'avance, ( F. Boas^a) 
1. to premonish ; 2. to be premoyiiiory ; 
au prealablc, ( V. senses) to pread- 

S'jn. AvKRTIR, INroRMER, nONNER ill*. 

.ivertir nieniis to direct onc*8 attention to a Ihir.^; 
informer, to apprize hiin of the details ; donn^n 
avis, to v.-am him how he is hiniiolf confemed ii3 
it. Avertir t^ixn he uiid of inan'lnate objects* iii- 
farmer and dot>ntr avL, o' perS'ins only Casor, 
aMrli (admonished) by a tlu usu-.d circutiistAnrci 
of tlie cpiisnirucy against his life, mfrrtie (ap- 
prized) of all its details, was the caiue of hiacvr 
dfstructi' n, by refusing to credtl the friendly U'.* 
(marning) viiueh nue of the cmupimtoni liud t.^ 
ven) him (lui avail d<mM\ 




oujohUs; ifjeu; e^ijeune; edpeur; dnpan; ire pin; owbon; un hran; llllq. ; *fpi\iq. 

AvKRTi, E, pa. p. (F. senses of Aveb- 
iiii) (man.) avert. 

Non , I. uv.infurmed ; 2. wiappriz- 
ad; 3. unadir.oriUhed ; 4. timcarned. 

AVEKTISSEMENT [a-ver-ti-.-mftn] n. 

in. 1. intelligence ; information; 2. (in 
fi. rin) notice ; 3. (in form) nottficaUon ; 
4 (b. i.) admonition ; monition ; 5. (b. 
1.*.) varninff ; cautioji ; 6. (of books) 

antiirieur, pr6.ilable, ( V. senses) 
prradmoryition ; premonition ; pre- 
vioiiishment. au lecteur, 1. || adver- 
t'wtnsrj to the reader ; 2. hint ; 8. 
war King. D' , (F. senses) admotii- 
ti-te ; monitor^/. 

AVERTIS3EUR [a-ver-ti-.eur] r.. m. 
(thoat.) call-boy. 

AVEU [.i-Teii] n. m. 1. avowal; con- 
fession ; acknoicledgment ; admis- 
Ho'n ; 2. consent ; approbation ; .3. (law) 
ick.norcledgment ; 4 (law) avo^ory. 

Dcrniers .\, (pi.) ( V. senses) dying 
iionfession (of persons condemned to 
death), sing. Gens sans , (law) ta- 
ffranhi ; liomme sans , (law) vagrant. 
De r de, by the avoroal, confession, 
admission, consent of; de son , 
avowedly; confessedly ; professedly ; 
ie, r general, de V de tout ie monde, 
confessedly. Faire un , to mdke an 
avowal, a confession, an acknowledg- 
ment, an admission; fairo 1' de, to 
make an avowal, a confession, an ad- 
mission of; to avow ; to confers ; to 
acknoicledge ; to admit. 

AVEUEEl [a-vcu-] V. a. (bunt) 1. to 
mark down ; 2. to mark in. 

AVEUGLE [a-veu-gll a^i. 1. 1 blind;* 
sightless ; 2. (sur, to) blind ; 3. blind ; 
blindfold ; ** eyeless ; 4. deluded ; 5. 
(til.) im,} licit. 

'i. La f trtui .e e8l ,/o 'tune U blind ; sur sea (16- 
fiiutn, bliini to f.'s fau'ta. 4. Xhi aventurifr , a 
iisl'.dijd adoenlufer. 5. Une ob^issancti , uiiulicit 

Comi loteinent , completely blind; 
^ eione blind ; ne, ncc, do naissance, 
vtTSon born =.. Devcnir , to become, 

AVEUGLE, n. m. f. Mind person. 

A. V , en , 1. blindly ; 2. blindly ; 
inconsiderately. Un y mordrait, a 
blind man could see it. Cost nn 
Gui en conduit un autre, it is the blind 
teading Hie blind. ,.*^ Au royanmo des 
s les borgnes sont rois, in tJie land of 
Vie blind one-eyed people are kings. 

S'^H. X. L'AVEUfJLK, AVKUGL^MENr, A. Paveu- 

^' implies a want of intelliKence ; aottig 'tttt-nt.a 
lota! wait of reas n. He who hc s a -'av^/e, 
dosnotS'e; he who acts aveu^ieitient, does nut 
even wish t<) see. 

AVEUGLEMENT ra-veu-flS-mJn] n. 

m. 1. t II blindness; 2. (sur, to; pour, 
to) blindness. 

'2. stis d^faatSjSur ravenir,blindne88(oo.* 
faii'ts, ti. the future. 

Frapper d' t, to strike blind, with 

A VEUGLl^MENT [a-veu-gU-man] adv. 
1. blindli/ ; 2. implicttli/. 

AVEUGLEU [a.vei..gii] V. a. 1. :f 1 
(th.) to blind; 2. i 1 (pers.) to put out 
the eyes of; 3. |1 to dazzle ; 4. to blind 
(a. o.) ; 5.' to delude (a. o.) ; 6. to /.. Ind 
(a. til.); to obscure; to cloud ; t n iv.) 
to father (a leaii). 

4. La prcsp^rit^ nous avevgU, prosperitu blinds 
. 6. I'es^irit, to blind, to obscure, to cloud (Ae 
min I. 7. une voie d'enu, (o fotiier a Uak. 

8'avbcoi-er, pr. v. (sur) to be blind 
(to) ; not to see {.. . ). 

AVEUQLEK, v. n. 1 to take away 
V'.e sight. 

AVEUOLETTE (A L') ra-l'n-veu-glj-t] 
oJv'. ( f groping like blind people. 

A VIDE [a-vi-d] adj. 1. II greedy; 2. 
iDK) eager (for) ; thirsty {for) ; covetous 
" ; 3. (b. s.) eager {./or); '^greedy 
(of); thirsty {.for); 4 (b. s.) covetous 
(rclserly); ^ greedy. 

I. Dea enfauls s, greedy children. 1. de 
|lcir, eager /or g'ori. Z. de carnage, greedy 
r carrujgt. 4. Tn h.'iuiue , a covetous Hta ', 

fttre (de), ( V. senses to th irst 

AVIDEMENT [a-vi-d-minj rtdv. 1. J S 
Jtreedily : 2 % eagerly ; covetously ; 3. 

(b. 8.) eagerly; ^ greedily; 4. (b. s.) 

AVIDITjfi [a-vi-di-ti] n. f. (DE, POUR, 

for; pour, to) 1. 1 avidity; greedi- 
ness ; 2. eagerness ; 8. (b. s.) avid- 
ity ; covetousness ; ^ greediness: 
AviENDRA, ind. fut. 8d sing, of Avk- 


AviEXXE, Advienne, subj. pres. 3d 

AviENT, ind. pres. 3d sing. 

AVILIE [a-vi-iir] V. a. 1. to debase; to 
degrade ; to disgrace ; to dishonor ; 2. 
to demean (a. o.) ; 8. to vilify (a o.) ; ^ 
to run down. 

Personne qui avilit, ( V. senses) de- 
baser {of) ; disgracer {of) ; dishonorer 

AviLi, E, pa. p. V. senses of Avilir. 

Non , 1. undebased ; 2. unde- 
graded ; undisgruced ; v.ndi.shonored. 

S'avilir, pr. V. 1. to a<^'ase; to de- 
grade, to disgrace, to dishonor o.'s 
self; 2. (a, to) to deineaji o.'s self; to 

AVILISSANT, E [a-vi-li-Un, t] adj. de- 
basing ; degrading. 

D'une manicre e, debasingly ; de- 

AVILI3SEMENT [a-vi-li-s-man] n. tn. 
vileness; debasement; degradation. 

Tomber dans 1" , to fall into debase- 
m,ent, degradation ; tit render o.' self 

A VINER [a-vi-n6] v. a. to season with 
wine ; to sea,son. 

AviNT, ind. prct. 8d sing, of Avenir. 

AVIRON [a-vi-ron] n. m. oar; boat- 

h couple, (nav.) sctdl ; de galere, 
(nav.) sweep. Coup d' , stroke of an 
oar; stroke; jeu d' s, set of oars. A 
. . . s, . . . -oared. Aller h V , aller A 
force d' s, to r-oiv ; etre h V , 1. (of 
boats) to be ro^cing ; 2. (nav.) to sweep ; 
manier 1' , to ply the oar; to pull: 
monter . . . s, (nav.) to be .. . -oared. 

AVIRONNERIE [a-vi-ro-n-ri] n. f. 
shed, shop for makin4j oars. 

AVIUONNIER [a-vi-ro-ni.] n. m. oar- 

AVIS [a-vi] n. m. 1. opinion ; '\ mind ; 
2. advice ; counsel ; -3. *{ piece of ad- 
vice ; 4. counsel ; deliberation ; 5. vote ; 
6. advice ; intelligence ; neics ; 7. no- 
tice ; 8. (b. s.) admonition ; monition ; 
9. (b. s.) warning; cautio7i; 10. (of 
books) advertisement; 11. (com.) ad- 

Bon , right opinion ; assez clair, 
( F senses) broad hint; courant, pre- 
vailing = ; personnel, ( V. senses) 
private =. au lecteur, 1. | adver- 
tisement to the reader; 2. hint; 9. 
warning. Donneur d' , officious ad- 
viser ; feuille d' , (post.) letter-bill; 
feuille d' negative (post.) blank letter- 
bill ; lettre d' , (com.) letter of advice. 
A son , 1. in o.'s =: ; ^ in o.'s mind ; 
t in o.'s account ; du meine , of the 
same =, 5 mind; sauf moilleur , icith 
all due deference ; \ under correction ; 
sans de, (coin.) wiVn^ut advice, fur- 
ther advice of; suivant de, (com.) as 
per advice of. Aller aux , to vote; to 
put the vote ; avoir de, to be in- 
formed of; to learn; to hear ; changer 
d' , to alter o.'s ^, ^ /r.ind ; dire son 
, to speak, to state o.'s := ; i[ to speak 
o.'s mind ; donner , 1. to give notice; 
2. to give learning; -3. to advise; to 
give intelligence ; 4. (a) to certify (...); 
5. (com.) to send a notice ; donner a 
I'avance, to give notice ; 6mettre son , 
to give o.'s =-, etre d' , to he of=.; 
ouvrir un , to broach, to start an =; 
prendre 1' de, I. to take the sense of a 
deliberative assembly); 2. to ask the ad- 
vice of (a. o.); to advise, consult with 
(a. o.) ; proftter de 1" , ( V. senses) to un- 
derstand, to take a hint; recevoir , to 
receive notice. II m'est avis, it seems to 
me; methinks. if*if Autant de totes, au- 
tant d'avis, many men, many minds. 

AVIS6, E [a-vi-i] adj. 1. prudent; 
circumspect; cautious; 2. ... advised. 

Blen , well-advised ; mal , ill =. 

Spi. Amsk. pkuue.vt. cibjox8I"kct. The 

avU-i (.circuntsjtert) nuui thinks of every thing, Bciv 
a'.l the expedients t<i which recourse nnay bo U&l* 
the /iruthnt (^prudent) man neglects nothing, trii 
all means of success: the circo8pecl (caMiicu*; 
man risks nothing, endeuvors particularly to mCti 
the difficulties which might defeat his plans. Thu 
fiist has quickness ami penetration; the secotuL, 
judgment and wisdom; the third, loo oi'lea, fti> 
trust and timidity. It is well to be arise (m' 

ajtect) in embarrassing situalltns; prude,\t (^loii't) 
in dangerous enterprises; circotupect {caref-it')ia 
delicate afl'airs. 

AVISER, V. a. 1. t to ad'olse ; 3. ft' 
perceive; to see; to espy; to tatcS. 
sight of; 3. to inform (cfflciallf); 4. 
(com.) to advise. 

S'aviser, pr. v. 1. to betldnk o.'s se^; 

2. (de) to think {of); to consider {of); 
to reflect {on) ; 3. (de) to think {of) ; to 
take it into one's liead (to) ; 4. to dare; 
to presume ; to venture. 

4. i\e vous eu ai'isez pas, do not venture it. 

AVISER, V. n. 1. (a) to think {of); to 
consider {(/) ; to r^ect {on) ; 2. (a, . . .) 
to mind. 

AVISO [a-vi-zo] a m. (nav.) advice- 

AVITAILLEMENT [-vi-ta-i-man*] n. 
m. 1. victualling ; 2. stock of pro- 
visions ; provisions. 

AVITAILLEK [a-vi-ta-i^*] v. a. to 

AVIVER [a-vi-v6] V. a. I. to bHgUe^i ; 
to polish; 2. to heighten (a color) ; 3. J J 
hew (timber); 4. (arts) to polish. 

AVIVES [a-vi-v] n. f. pi. {vet) rives: 

Engorgement, gonflement des , 
(vet.) =. 

> A VI VOIR [a-vi-voar] n. m, (Instru- 
ment) polisher ; burnisher. 

AVOCASSER [a-vo-ca-s6] V. u. to play 
the barrister ; to pettifog. 

AVOCAT [a-vo-ka] n. m. !. | 6.1/- 
rister ; barrister at law; louns^j/.; 
counsellor ; 2. || (in Scotland) advoetUr; 

3. (AurRES de, ivith) adco'.'utx; da- 
fender ; intercessor. 

consultant, chamber-counsel ; ccif 
lawyer; general, attorney ger.eral, 
plaidant, pleader ; principal, lea^t- 
ing barrister, counsel; du roi,kini/3 

AVOCATE [.vo ka-t] n. f 1. advo- 
cate (woman); defender; 2. intercessor. 

AVOCETTE, n. t. (orn.) avocet; avo- 

AVOINE [a-von-n] n. f. (bot.) 1. oats, 
pi. ; 2. s, (pi.) standing oats. 

commune, oats ; cultivec, 1. =:; 
2. arnuts ; 6lev6e, oat-grass; folio 
, tcild := ; stiirile, animal =. Balle 
d' , husk of=. ; farine. gruau d' , oat- 
meal; ration d' , allowance of =. 
D' , of= ; oaten. 

AVOINERIE [a-voa-n-ri] n. f. (agr.) 
land sown tcith oats. 

AVOIR [a-voar] V. a 1. I to have; 2. 
J to have ; ^ to get , 3. It to have (pos- 
sess) ; ^to be worth ; 4. || to have ; to 
have on ; to wear ; 5. (a, to) to have 
(have to perform) ; 6. (de, to, of) to 
have (entertain a sentiment) : 7. to hold 
(entertain a sentiment) ; 8. to be (enter- 
tain a .sentiment); 9. to bear (have); 
10. (of age with regard to the person, 
animal, etc.) to be; 11. (of cold, heat, 
hunger, thirst, with regard to the person 
that feels it) to be; 12. (of illness, pain, 
uneasiness, eta) to be tlie matter with 
(a o.) ; to ail. 

3. . . . de rente, to have . . a year : U) bi' 
worth . . . o i;iar. 4. un habit nuir, to liav< , fr 
wear a It 'ack coat. 5. a ^crire a q. u., toht vo ti 
write to a. o. 6. J'ai Ie plnisir de Ie voir, / linns 
tke p'easure to see it, of seeing it. 7, en horrpurj 
tfj hold a. th. in htrror. 8. honte, jieur, - - 
rais 'n, tort, to be ashamed, to be afraid, to be 
right, /obe wrong. 9. Pair, io bear aa;^araf<v, 
10. ... ang, to be . , , lears old; to he . . . IL 
J 'at chnud, froid, faim on soif, / am cold, u-Tt*ri, 
hungri/ or Ihirsti/. \i. Q I'user-vous! what aiin 
^ou t what is tlie matter with i/ou f 

En , to meet with disappointment ; 
2. -f- to catch it ; y , 1. there to be; S. 
to he the matter ; encore ^, to ham 
left; de (ituii, 1. Jo have means ; 2. ta 
have wherewith ; sur .soi. 1. to h< r,t 
ahont o. ; 2. to hare on (a garmoiiij; 
fah-e , ( r. senses) to help to ; faire 
forcement, ( F senses) to .force (a. th./ 




a mal; d luiile; e fee; e f(!"d; e fote; ^je; i !I; ^lo; o mol; v mule; 6 inrt; u sue; ^ sure; om Jour; 

pon (a o.) ; vouloir toujours, ( V. 
lenses) to grasp and grasp. En a-t-il 1 
what a lot of it, a number of them fie 
has ! 11 a, vous avez, Us out q. cli., some- 
thing ails hitru, you, them ; there is 
something the matter loith him, you, 
them; 11 y a, 1. tliere is; there are; 2. 
it is ; 3. since ; 1 ago ; 11 y en a, there 
jire some ; II n"y a pas ti . . ., t/iere is no 
. . . (present participle) ; il y avait, il y 
cut, 1. tfiere was ; there were ; 2. it was ; 
u'y a-t-il ? 1. what is there t 2. what is 
it f tchat is tlce mutter f wJuit note t 11 
n'y a pas de quoi ! (of thanks) / beg you 
would not mention, name it 1 do not 
name, mention it; je n"ai rien, 11 n'a 
rien, etc. ; nothing ails me, him, etc. ; 
there is nothing the matter with me, 
him, etc. ; qu"a-t-il, qu"avez-vous ? wfiai 
is the matter with him, with you t what 
ails him, yout 

Sun. Avoir, fossdkr. Avoir (to /tare) is to 
Imve in one's band or within one's reacli ; pijusiJer 
(to p-isiess) is to liave as one's own. We are not 
necessilrily masters of wl at wo avOM (/tave) ; we 
Iways are, of what we possidons (ptjtaes-i). Avoir 
US mif times rnly temporary ^ poaaider is ni. stiy 
p;rmanenl. We atom {have) money which we 
are constantly disposing of; we p"aaidona {oiott) 
lands wliii'h we keep for a permanency. 

AVOIR, n. ni. 1. property ; ^fortune ; 
substance ; 2. property (possession) ; 8. 
(book-k.) credit; creditor; creditor- 

-1. C'est un bel , it is q^tod property. 

Pour tout , as o.^s whole property. 

AVOISINEB [ a-voa-ii-n ] v. a. (of 
place) 1. to be adjacent to ; to be cmiti- 
guotix to; to be near; to be in Vie 
neighborhood of; 2. to border upon. 

fttre bien avoisino, to have good neigh- 

AV0RT, E [a-vor-t] adj. 1. (of fruits, 
Tegetables, etc.) abortive; 2. abortive. 

1. Ble , abortive corn. 2, Dessein , an abor- 
ti/6 diaign. 

AA'ORTEMENT [a-vor-tS-man] n. m. 1. 
abortion (action); miscarriage; pre- 
mature delivery ; 2. (pers.) (b. s.) abor- 
tion ; 8. abortiveness (state); 4. (hot., 
ined., zool.) al/ortion. 

AVORTER [a-vor-t] V. n. 1. J (pers.) 
to miscarry; 2. (of animals) to cast, to 
drop prematurely ; to^lip ; 3. (of fruit) 
to be abortive; 4. (th.) to be, to prove 

Faire , \. \ to cause, to procure 
abortion ; 2. to 7nake (fruit) abortive ; 
9. to render (a. tli.) abortive; to frus- 
trate ; to Ixiffle ; se faire , (pers.) I to 
priicure itbortion : to miscarry. 

AVORTON [a-vor-i6n] n. in. 1. (pers.) 
afiortion ; abortive child; 2. 1 abor- 

AVOUfi [a-Tou] n. m. 1. attorney; 
iolicitor ; lawyer; 2. (law) attorney- 

Clerc d' , attomey''s, solicitor's 
clerk ; etude d' , =', solicitor's office. 

A VOUER [a-voii.6] V. a. 1. to avoio; to 
confess; to acknowledge ; to own; 2. 
to acknowledge ; to 02vn ; 8. to grant; 
to allow ; to adm it ; 4. to nmoic ; to ap- 
prove ; to approve of; 5. ' i w) to make 

1. nn enfant, un ouvracre, to acrw^owledffe, to 

Personne qui avoue, ( V. senses) avo^v- 
er. I'ouvoir ctre avoue, ( V. senses) to 
t>e avowable. 

Avoue, k, pa. p. V. senses of Avouek. 

Non , 1. unatoived ; unconfessed ; 
unacknowledged; unoioned ; 2. un- 
oranted ; unallowed ; unadmitted. 
l>'uE0 nianiurc e, avowedly ; confess- 

.Syn. AvoUKa, coNFEiWKH. We avottnnt (ae- 
Im-nt'eilj/-^) wlien we are q i> sti liwl ; we con/etaitit 
(einl'eu) when we are aicis'd. Wn aconont 
{tkni-<ee'lgr) wliat we would llave liked t have 
nrealeil ; we often C'in/.^ > (c;i/Vm) vol.uila- 

A70VER [8-voa-i] n. tn. advoyer 
'S-KVis iiiajristrate); avoyer. 

AVRII. [a-vri-i*] u. in. April. 

La mi- , iiie middle /'=: polsson 
il' , 1. I mackerel; 2. Ajiril-fnol's er- 
'and ; .lourdii polssmi d' . Aprll-fodl h 
itiv ; (lorsonne qid rot-oil un polsson 
i-; April-fool. Doniiurun po< jond' \ 


a q. n., to make a. o. an April-fool ; re- 
ccviiir un poissou d" , to be made an 

AVRON [a-vrsn] n. m. (bot) wild 
oats, pi. 


AVULSION [8-vui-.i6n] n. t (did.) 

AXE [ak-s] n. m. 1. axis; 2. (arts) 
aa'le; axle-tree; 3. (hoi.^ axis; 4. (ar- 
til.) trunnion. 

coude, (macli.) crank ; prlmaire, 
(bot.) (of plants) eaudex ; tournantil 
volonte, (arts) revolving axle; axle- 
tree. de vis, screw-arbor. De T , 
( V. senses) axal ; axial. Qui a rapport 
a r , axal. 

AXILLAIRE [] atlj. 1. (anat.) 
axillary; axilla r ; 2. (\iQVj axillary ; 
axillar ; axil-flmcering. 

A fleurs s,"(bot) axil-Howering. 

AXIOME [ak-ti-6-m] n. ni. axiom. 

D' , axiomatic. Faire un , to make 
an, axiom. 

AXIO.MfeTRE [ak-.i-0-mi-tr] n. m. 
(nav.) tell-tale. 

AXONGE [ak-5n-j] n. t. (pliarm.) ax- 

AVANT, pa. p. of Avoir. 

AYANT CAUSE [6-iiin-k6-z] n.m., pi. 
, Ayants causr, (law) a.mgn. 

AYANT DROIT [d-ian-droa] n. m., pi. 
, AvANTS i>ROiT, 1. (law) party con- 
cerned ; piirti/; 2. (law) assign. 

rnk] II. III. (bot) azedarach; ^ bead- 

AZEROLE [a-z-ro-l] n. C (bot) aee- 

AZEROLIER [a-zS-ro-lie] n. m. (bot) 

AZIME, adj. V. Azyme. 

AZIMUT [a-zi-mut] n. m. (astr.) azi- 

AZIMUT AL, E [ a-zi-mu-tal ] adj. 1. 
(astr.) azhmitit ; 2. (of a circle) azimut/i. ; 

Cadran , aximuth dial; cercle , 
=, vertical circle ; compas , = com- 

AZOTE [a-io-t] n. m. (cliem.) azoU. 

AZOTIQUE [a-zo-ti-k] adj. (cliem.) 

AZUR [n-znr] n. m. 1. asure ; blue ; 
sky-color; 2. ** azure. 

de Ilollande, Dutch blue. Pierre 
d' , (min.) lazulite ; azurite; azure- 
stone. U' , azure. 

AZURfi, E ra-zu-r] adj. azure; 
azured ; sky-colored. 

Voute e, ** azure-sky ; heaverCs 
azure ; blue. 

AZURIN, E [a-zu-rin, i-n] adj. (did.) 

AZYME [a-zi-m] adj. azymous ; un- 

Pain 1-, azynu ; unleavened bread. 

AZYME, n. m. % azyine; unleavened 

Fete des s -\-, feast of unleavened 


15 [bts, bs] n. m. (second letter of the 
alphabet) b. 

fttre marqu6 au (etre borgne, bigle, 
bossu, boiteux), to be blind of one eye, 
to be hump-backed, to be lame or to 
squint; ne parler que par ou par F, 
to do nothing hut swear. 

BABA [ba-ba] n. in. 1. bun ; 2. plum- 
cake ; .3. pou7id-cake. 

marque d'une croix, cross-bun. 
RABEL [ba-bii] n. {. Babel. 

Tour de , totcer qf=. De , de la 
tour do , (b. s.) Babylonian ; Baby- 

BABEURRE [habeu-r] n. in. butter- 

BABIGIIE [ba bi-.h] n. f, 

BABICIION Lba-bi-sUon] n. m. lap- 
dog ; shock, 

BA BIL [l.a-bii*] n. m. prattle ; prate ; 
chatter ; babble ; tattle ; gabble ; gab- 

BABILLAGK [ba-bi-io-j*l n. m. (b. b.) 

1 babbling; chatter; tattle; gallic; 
gabbling; 2. chit-chat. 

BABILLARD, E [ba-bi-inr, d*] adj. 1. 
babbling ; chattering ; talkative ; twat 
tling ; 2. (of birds) talking. 

BABILLARD [l bi-iar*] n. m. E, n. f 
1. babbler ; prater ; chatte.ei ; talker; 
gabbler; 2. (orn.) babiUard; bablMry) 
faiivette ; n^etUe-creeper. 

BABILLEMENT [ba-bi-i-man*] n. n., 
garrulity ; loquacity ; talkativeiuM. 

BABILLER [ba-bi-i*] V. n. to pratf.; 
to prattle; to chatter; to babble; A' 
gabble; to twattle. 

BABINE [ba-bi-n] n. t (of uilmdlf) 
lip ; IW c/wps. 

BABIOLE [ba-bio-l] n. L I play- 
thing; 2. bawble; trifle; gewgaw; 

Qui n'est qu'une , {V. senses) haw- 
blina ; trifling. 

BABOR'D [ba-b6r] n. m. (nav.) lar- 

De , larboard. Faire feu de tribord 
et de , to use &o<ry means. 

BABORD, adv. (nav.) 1. larboard; 
to larboard ; 2. apart. 

BAbORDAIS [ba-bfir-dJ] n. m. (pi.) 
(nav.) larboard watch. 

B.\B0UCHE [ba-bou-Bb] n. tpapooch ; 
Turkish slipper. 

BABOUIN [ba-bou!n] n. m. 1. (mam.) 
baboon ; 2. (pers.) monkey. 

Faire baiserle a q. u. 1. (of soldiers) 
to make one kiss the monkey ; 2. %to 
make one submit. 

BABOUINE [bo-bon-i-n] B. t ([.) 
monkey ; hussi/. 

BABYLONIEN, NE [ba-bi -o-ni-iD, j-l] 
n. in. f. & adj. Babylonian. 

BAG [bak] n. m. (nav.) 1. passa{/e- 
boat ; ferry-boat ; 2. horse-beat 

Passer le , to ferry. 

BACCALAUR'l^>At [ba.ka-16-r ] IV 
m. bachelorship ; baccalaureate. ' 

BACCHANAL [ba-ka-nal] n. m. np- 
roar ; |3^~ row; gW rumpus. 

Faire , to make a, an :=. 

BACCII ANALE [baka-na-l] r^ f fuit ) 
bacchanal; 2. % bacchanal ; t'.tX. 

BACCIIANALISER [ba-k tail a] v. 
n. to revel. 

BACCHANT [ba-kan] a in. (cc 
myth.) Bticchanalian; baahant. 

BACCHANTE [ba-kan-t] n. 1. (ann. 
myth.) Bacc/uinalian ; 2.' Bacchana- 
lian; 8. termagant. 

BACCIFi;RE [bak-.i-f^!-r] adj. (bol.) 
bacciferous ; berry-bearing. 

BACHA fba .ha] n. m. V. Vacua. 

BACIIE [bash] n. 1. awning; 2. (ol 
carts, wagons) top-awning ; 3. (trt 
carts, wijgons) tilt ; 4. (of gardens) hot- 
bed frame ; 5. (of pumps) ta^ik ; 6. 
(mach.) cistern; tank. 

alimentaire, (inacli.) feeding-cis- 

B ACHELETTE [ba-.h-le-t] n. + lass ; 
dam.'iel ; maiden. 

BACIIELIER[ba-8h6-li]n. m. l.(nr.i- 
vcrsity) bachelor; 2. t (knighthood) bo- 

es arts, = of arU. Se faire passer, 
recevoir , to take a bachelor's degree. 

BACHER [ba,h6] v. a. t> tilt (cart* 
BACHIQUE [ba-.h'-k] adj. 1. bacchic ; 

2 convivial. 
Liqueur , 7cine. 

BACIIOT [ba-8bo] n. m. whei^y ; pass- 

BACIIOTEUR [ba-tho-teur] n. m.fmry- 

BACILE [basil] n. m. (bot) (ccir/i 
samphire ; sea-samphire. 

maritime, =. 
BACILLAIRE[ba-.i-iJi.r*] n. m. (mlr. ) 

sea polite ; pyramidal felimui. 

BACINET, n. m. (bot) V. Bassink. 

BACLER [ba-kU] V. a. 1. t I to bat 
tip ; 2. to hurry over ; to h uddle up ; 
to clap up; to hammer up; to shi^*. 
up ; to patch up. 

BADAUD [ba-da] n. m. E p.] n. 5 t 
lounger; idler; 2. saunterer ; 8. (of 
London) cockney. 

BADAUD, K adj. 1 1. lounging, 8 




ou iodic; eujerx; eiiJoCme; efipour; (in pan; wpin; wibon; Mn.bran; ll liq. ; *gn Hi. 

BADAUDEE [ba.d4-d6] v. n. 1. to 
U>wige; 2. to saunter. 

BADAUDEKIE [ba.d6-d-rn n. f. 1. 
lounging; 1. sauntering ; Z. idle talk; 
i. (of London) cocknei/ism. 

BADEUNE [L-tt-dirn] n. f. (nav.) dol- 
vMn; paunch. 

RADIANE [ba-di-8-n] n. f. BADIAN 
[.is;] 11. m. (hot.) anine-seed-tree ; In- 
d'un. star anie-seed. 

B.VDIGEON [ha-di-jon] n. III. 1. (paint) 
UvUiieon ; 2. (house paint) color. 

BADIGEONNaGE [ba-di-jo-n-j] n. m. 
'lioiLse paint.) coloring. 

BADIGEONNEK [ba-di-jo-nf] v. a. 
(Louse paint) to color. 

BADIGEONNEUR (ba-di-jo-neur] n. 
m. (liouse paint) 1. colorer ; 2. white- 

BADIN, E [ba-din, i-n] adj. 1. plariful; 
tportive ; frolicsome ; 2. (by words) 
jesting ; jocular. 

BADIN [ba-din] n. HL wag. 

BADINAGE [ba-di-na-j] n. m. 1. phiy ; 
playfulness ; sportiveneas ; frolicsome- 
nesa ; 2. trifling ; 3. (by words) jocu- 
lariti/ ; joking ; 4. joke ; jest. 

4. Ceci n'est point un , that is no jok*;. 

BADINE [ba-din] n. f. 1. mcitch; 2 
8, (pi.) light tongs. 

Donner des coups de h,to beat with 
1 sitritch ; to siintch. 

BAD I NEK [ba-di-n] V. n. 1. to play; 
U> sport ; to frolic ; 2. to trifle ; 8. (by 
words) to .jest; to joke; 4. (of orna- 
ments, wearin<:-ai>parcl) to wave about. 

Par , t. plaifidly; sportively; 2. 
jokingly ; jeatingly. 

Enbadinant, in jest; in joke; in fun; 
jestingly ; jokingly. Badincz-vous ? 
are you jesting, .joking t II ne badine 
|s, he does not trifle (lie is severe). 

BADINEKIE, n. f. J V. Badinage. 

BADOIS [ba-doa] p. n. m. E [z] f. na- 
I're of Baden. 

BADOIS. E. adi. of Baden. 
BAEOUEU [ba-rou-6] V. a. 1. tobaffle; 
1 .V mock ; to scoff at. 

dc faire bafoner, to be mocked, scoffed 

BAFKE [ba-fr] n. f. -4- 1. stufflng (eat- 
lug); gornuindizing ; 2. -j- blow out 
(.ibui dant repast). 

B.4.FKER [bi-w] V. n. -j- to stuff (eat 
greedily) ; to gormandize. 

BAFREUR [ba freur] n. m. -i- gor- 
mandizer ; guttler. 

BAGAGE, n. f. V. Bagasse. 

BAGA6E [ba-gn-j] n. m. 1. luggage ; 
baggage ; 2. (of the army) baggage. 

Gros . heavy luggage; nicnn , 
light =. Clief de , booking-clerk. 
Piier IW, to pack off' bag and bag- 
gage ; to pack of; to die. 

BAGARRE [ha-ga-r] n. f. 1. hubbub; 
i. brawl ; sqnabble; wrangle. 

BAGASSE [ba-ga-a] n. f. cane-trash ; 

BAGASSE, n. 1; -r-slut; h ^sy. 

BAGATELLE [ba-ga-te-li .. f. 1. || 
trinket (thing of little value) ; 2. + tri- 
fle ; ti-ifling thin{i ; 3. trifle (a mere 
notliing); old song ; 4. (play) bagatelle. 

! pshaw 1 never fear '. Table de , 
f play) bagatelle-board. A la , trifling- 
ly. S'amuser a la , to stand, to sit 
triMng : to trifle o.''s time away. 

BAGNE [bign*] n. m. galley; 
",^7(7726" (convict-prison). 

BAGNOLET [ba-gno-l&*] n. m. (nav.) 

BAGCE [bag] n. ring (for orna- 

3 et joyanx, (law) jewels and orna- 
.rciits. Jen de , roundabout. Une 
au doigt, a feather in o.'s cap. 

BAGUENAITDE [ba-g-n6-d] n. blad- 
diT-vut (fruit of tlie blaclder-senna). 

BAGUENAUDER [ba-g-n6-de] V. n. to 
'rifle; to trifle o.'s time away; -^ to 

BAGUENAUDIER [ba-g n6-d.6] n. m, 
(hot ) (genus) bladder-senna. 

cominiin, = ; fau.x , ^ scorpion 

BAGUENAUDIER, n. m. 1. (pers.) 
'rfficr ; 2. (th.) rin^-p ueele. 

BAGUER [ba-ghf] V. a (needl.) to turn 
do^cn a7ul tack. 

BAGUES, n. f. pi. V. Bagaoe. 

BAGUETTE [ba-ghi-i] n. 1. small 
stick ; stick ; 2. switeh ; 3. wand ; 4. 
rod (stalf ) ; 5. rod ; 6. (for drums) drum- 
stick ; 7. (for gloves) glove-stick ; flnger- 
stretcli^r ; 8. (of muskets) ramrod; 9. 
(arch.) baguette ; 10. s, (j)!.) (mil.) 
gantlet; gantlope. 

divinatoirc, divining wand ; 
magique, conjuring =; =. de fee, 
de magicien, =; de fusee, rocket- 
stick ; dc fusil, de pistolet ram-rod ; 

a gants, glove-stick ; flnger-stretcher ; 

de peintre, viaul-stick ; dc tam- 
bour, drum-stick. Coup de , beat of 
the drum. Commander, mcner a la . 
to rule with a tight hand; donner un 
coup de , (mil.) to ruff'; to ruffle ; to 
sw'itch; donner dcs coups de h, to 
beat with a s^citch ; to sicitch ; se lais- 
ser mcner, obeir a la , to allo^o o.'s 
self to be led; to obey submissively; 
[lasser par les s, (mil.) to run the gant- 
let; pa.sser, faire passer par les s, (mil.) 
tojflog through the line. 

BAGUIER [bii-ghi^] n. in. ring-box. 

BAII! [ba] "int pshaio ! nonsense ! 
hoity-toity ' 

! all ! nonsense! 

BAIIUT [bn-u] n. m. t chest; trunk. 

En , (arch.) with a ctorved profile, 

BAIIUTIER [ba-u-tii] n. m. t trunk- 

BAI, E [bt] adj. bay. 

brun, brotcn, dark = : chntain, 
chestnut z= clair, bright, light = ; 

miroit6, dapple =. 
BAlART, n. m. V. Bayart. 
BAIE [U] n. (bot) berry. 

A s . . ., ... -berried. Porter des 
s, to bear berries ; to berry. 

BAIE, n. 1. (geog.) bay ; sinus; 2. 
(mas.) bay. 

Degaaer d'nne , to disembay. 

BAIE, n. t trick. 

Donner une , la k q. u., to play 
a. o. a trick ; to play a trick tipon a. o. 

B.MGNER [be-gnie*] V. a. 1. (DE, with) 
I to bathe ; 2. to steep ; 3. (of rivers, 
seas, etc.) to wash ; to bathe. 

3. \a riviure haignec^ niur, the ru'tfr washes (/ia( 

iitre baign6 dans le sang, to be wel- 
tering in o.'s blood. 
Baione, e, pa. p. V. senses of Bai- 


Non , 1. tmhathed: 2. unwashed. 

Sk raigner, pr. v. 1. to bathe ; to 
bathe o.'s self; to take a bath; 2. to 
welter (in blood). 

Faire baigner des animaux, to take an- 
imals into the water. 

BAIGNER, V. n. 1. to be steeped ; 2. 
to soak ; to be soaked ; 3. to welter (in 

B A IGNEU-R [bS-gneur] n. m. SE [e4-z*] 
n. 1. bather ; 2. bathing-man, in. ; 
bathing-icoman, ; 3. bath-keeper. 

BAIGNOIR [be-gnoar*] n. m. bathing- 
place (in a river). 

BAIGNOIRE [be-gnoa-r] n. 1. bath 
(receptacle) ; bathing-tuh ; 2. (theat) 
corner box. 

Voiture , bathing-machine. 

BAIL [bai] n. m., pL Baux [b6] (law) 

einphytfotiqne, 1. = for a long 
term of years ; 2. r=: for ninety-nine 
years; verbal, fait sans ccrit! (law") 
parole =; ; a cheptel, = of cattle ; a 
forme, = of ground ; a longues annees, 
a long terme, long lease ; =. for a long 
term of years; a loyer, = of house, 
tenement ; a terme, pour un terme d"an- 
n6cs, ^for years ; a vie, ^=for life ; 

a volonto, = at will ; de quatre- 
vingt-dix-neuf aiis, = for ninety-nine 
years. Locatalre en vertu d'un , =: 
-holder ; locstaire par empliytcotique, 
(law) = -holder. k,ona-=; par , 
\.by=^; 2. = -hold ; par eraphyteo- 
tique, (law) = -hold. Avoir a , to have 
a=zqf; donner a , to lease ; to let on 
a = ; faire passer un , to 97uk.e a = ; 
n'avoir pas fait de J, to have taken no 

engagement; resilier un , to canci^l c 
=:. Cela n'ost pas de mon , 1. thttt 
does not enter into my engagemefU 

2. I have nothing to do ivith it. 
BAILLANT [ba-ian*] adj. 1. gapind ; 

yawning ; 2. (bot) gaping. 
BAILEE [ba-i*] n. (aav.ypa. 
BAILLEMENT [ba-i-man*] n. ID. \. 

gaping; yaicning ; 2. gape; yaw^^, 

3. (gram.) gap; hiatus. 

Faire un , to gape ; to yawn ; faiiv 
, (gram.) to gape ; to have a hiatus. 

BAILLEE [ba-i6=tj v. n. L to gape- 
to yaicn ; ^ to give a yatcn ; 2. (th.) 
to gape ; to open (in fissures) ; Z. to be 
slack ; 4. (of dooi-s, windows) to be ajar, 
on a jar. 

BAILLER [ba-i^*] V. a. t (law) to de- 
liver ; to give. 

a ferme, to lease ; < let on a lease. 
La belle, en dune t file a q. u. , to 
xcish, to want to impose xipon a. o. 

BAILLERESSE [ba-i-r^-s*l u. t(law) 

BaIlLET [ba-ie*] t-y. m. (of horses) 

BAILLEUL [ba-ieul*] n. m. ^; bone- 

BAILLEU-R [ba-ieur*] n. m. SE [ei-.] 
n. gaper ; pawner. 

Un en fait bailler un autre, yawn 
ing is catching. 

BAILLEUR [ba-ieur*] n. m. (law) 

de fonds, (com.) 1. money-lender ; 
2. dormant, sleeping partner. 

BAILLI [ba-i*] n. m. bailiff (magis- 
Grand , hig/i, =. 

BAILLI AGE [ba-Li-j*] n. m. baili- 

BAILLIAG-EE [bs-ia-j^*] ilEE, adj. 
of the bailiwick. 

B.VILLIVE [ba-i V*] n. baUiffs icifa. 

BAILLON [ba-ion*] n. 111. gag, 

Mettro un a, J to gag ; mettre un 
^ q. u. , to stop a. o.'s tongue; to sf.ul 
((. o.'s mouth. 

bAiLLONNER [b-i-io-n**] V. a. 1. to 
gag ; 2. to wedge up (a door). 

BAILLOQUE Iba-io-k*] n. t rarity 
gated ostrich feather. 

BAIN [bin] n. m. 1. bath; 2. (action) 
bathing ; 3. s, (pl.) bath-room, ; bath- 
ing-room; 4. s, Qil.) batlis ; bathing- 
establishment; 5. s, (pl.) bo Ills ; wa- 
ters ; 6. Bath (order of knightiiood) ; 7. 
(arts) bath. 

chaud, warm., tepid, hot bath ; 

complet = -'iV/i linen; demi , hip- 

=^ ; slipper =: ; froid, cold = ; lo- 
cal, topique, local, topical = ; mcdi- 
canicnteux, inedicutedz^; simple, = 
without linen ; tempore, tidde, tepid 
=. a domicile, = sent to private 
houses ; de mains, hand- ^ ; dc 
mer, d'eau de iiier, salt-water =: ; e 
de mer (pl.) sea-bathing; de pieda^ 
foot- = ; de sable, sand-batli ; sui 
place, = taken in tlte establishment ; 

<!e propretL', = taken for cleanliness ; 
s de riviere, (pl.) riter-bathi7,g ; de 
sante, = taken medicinally ; de siege, 
hip- =: ; de vapeiu's, 1. vapor- = ; 
2. (cliem.) rrt/)o;'- =. Appartcment diw 
s, chainbie du , cabinet de , sallo 
de , =: -room, bathing-room ; etab- 
lissenient niaison de s, bathing-estab- 
lishment ; fond <lo , linen for t/ie bot- 
tom ofa=z; sallc de s, = -room, bath- 
ing-room. C'est un qui chauiTe f, 
there is a storm brewing. 

BAIN-MARIE [bin-ma-ri] n. m., pi. 
Bains-.marie, (cliein.) tcet-bath. 

BAlONNETTE [ba-io-ne-i] n. f (mil ) 

Charger h la , 1. to charge with t'l-i 
=: ; 2. to bay wet ; enlcver a la , U. 
carry at the point of the r= ; mettre Id 

au bout du fusil, to fix =. i,u u- 
non ! fix ^s ! 

BAIRAM, BEIRAM [bi-ram] n. lu 
(Mail, rel.) bairam ; beiram. 

BAISEMAIN [b6-z-min] n. m. I. (feu.i; 
kissing of hands; kissing hands; ^ 
st, (pl.) respects; eomplimenta. A 
belles ^s i, ( in this phrase) with cr 
dor and gratitude. > lire soo e h q 




a mal; d mk\e; i fee; i (6ve; i fete; i}&\ i il; 1 1\&\ o mol; 6 mole; 6 mort; u sue; ti sfire; oi< Jour , 

a. t to pay o.'s respects to a. o. ; to com- 
meiido.'x sdfto a. o 

BAISEMENT [W-t-min] n. m. 1. -f 
\LKfting ; 2. kiissi7iii (of the pope's feet); 
8 (geoiii.) osculation. 

UAISKK [W-i] V. a. 1. to kiss (a. o., 
a> t,li.> : 2. to emhruce (a. c). 

q. u. il, sur la boiiche, to Hss a. o.'s 
'/!] 3 ; q. u. ii la joue, au front, to = 

f . ). ' < heek, foreliead ; la main de q. 
i,ti->=i a. o.'s hand. 

J>\'_SE, E, pa. p. kissed. 

Koo , unkissed. 

8b baiser, pr. v. 1. to kiss each oilier, 
one anotlt^r ; 2. (th.) to touch. 

BAISER, n. m. kiss. 

Gros , 1. /teai'ti/ =: ; 2. (b. s.) smack ; 

de Judas, Juilas's =. Sans , 1. 
tcithout a = ; 2. unkissed. Envoyer un 

a q. u., 1. to send a.o.a-=; 2. to kiss 
o.'s hand to a. o. 

BAISEU-K [W-zeur] n. m. SE [ei-z] n. 

BAIS'OTTEH [W-zo-u] v. a. to Je al- 
ways kusing. 

BAISSE [b^-8] II. f. 1. (of prices) /a,- 
decline ; 2. (of water) going doien. 

liigore, slight fall, decline. Joueur 
i la , speculator on a = ; 2. (change) 
^^ hear. En , (com.) on tlie =, 
decline ; jouer a la , (com.) to specu- 
late on a = ; subir une , to suffer a 
decline ; tendre a la , (com.) to Imve 
a tendency to^^ to decline; to look 

BAIS8ER [bi-8] V. a. 1. 1 to lower ; 
2. t to move down ; to move lower ; 3. 1 
to let dozen ; 4. 1 to put dmcn ; 5 1| to 
bring doicr. ; 6. 1 to trail ; 7. to hang 
(o. "sears); S to doicn (o.'s eyes); 

9. to /told down (o.'s head); 10. to hang 
(o.'s head in sorrow or shame) ; to hang 
down; II. to tZz-oop (o.'s head in lan- 
guishing) ; 12. to lower (a tone, the 
voice); 13. to />;/< rfa?r (a veil); 14. 
(oct.i.; t> lower (a price); 15. (mus.) to 
toTer; IC. (nav.) to lower; 17. (nav.) 
(b. ft.) ti i/-i-e (o.'s flag). 

1. j q. I'll, qr.i est trop limit, <o lower a. th. 
UaU It Utj h'i;h. % st*8 pK'tentitins, to hiwer r.' 
pitleiMMii. 'i. iin tublpau, In move duwii a ple- 
ti.n. 3. line jnlniisif, un ridenii, (u let down a 
Hind, a curtain. 4. ce qu'on a levf trop hunt, 
J. put d>wn ivhat ha> heen raised trnt liiyh. 5. 
I'orgiieil a q. u., (.. Iiriiig down a. o.'i pride. l:i 
uuiili a un eli.-v.'ii, to pat a luriie norm the full i/a/- 
!op ; roreille, to look abashed, discotiraaed. 

Baisse, e, pa. p. (F: senses of Baisser) 
(of the eyes, look) down-east. 

vers la terre, (of the eyes) dmni- 
cast. A Her tOte e , to go boldly, 
britrebi. fearlessly. Donner tcte c 
3an8 , to run headkmg into. 

Se kaisskr, pr. v. 1. (pcrs., animals) 
to stoop ; 2. (pers., animals) to stoop 
ilmrn ; 3. B (pers.) to how dotcn ; 4. (th.) 
to let down ; 5. (of the eyes) to he cast 
doicn; 6. (of the head) to hajig dmcn ; 
7. (of tlie tone, voice) to loicer ; 8. (of a 
veil) to he put dowti ; 9. (mus.) to lower ; 

10. (nav.) to he loivered. 

jnsqu'a terre, to stoop doicn to the 
around. C'est un liomme qui ne se 
Dan.sse ni ne se baisse , he is a man of 
ecen temper. II semble qui! n'y ait qii'a 

et en prendre, (iron.) (said of some- 
thing difliciilt which api)oars easy) Its has 
only to /nek and choose. 

."iAlSSEH. V. M. 1. J to loicer; 2. B to 
drop; to fall ; Z.^to decline; to de- 
yretut ; to diminish ; 4. J (of waters) to 
faU; to go doini ; 5. to decline; to 
fail ; to go doicn ; 6. to decline ; to 
wane; to he on the wane ; 1 to fall of; 
7. 6 to lose (deteriorate) ; 8. (iicrs.) to de- 
cl't^i ; to hreak ; 9. (of tlie sick) to 
V'.'.M ; 10. (of the tide) to ehh ; 11. (com.) 
(of f rices) to decline ; to fall. 

'2. l*n rideiiu bai>e,a nirlain drojm, fulls. 5. Ij 
*jne ri.innience a , the iit/ht tteyiiis to diM-line, to 
fill; 8-1 fanillf's AiiiWff/, A'ii faf't ties are decli- 
uii n .. S'-n iiifl lenrf Itaiitae. ft' injliienre in dccli- 
nii ^, waniiitf, fallini; "ff. 1. Cv vin hnitnr. thii 
r-'" I 8>'>. 1. Ce vieil'niM 'ain'ilhh old man it 
JrctininK, brpiikinfr. 

Ne pas . ( V. senses) to keep up. 
Faire . ( T. ner.^es) B to h<',if down. 

R A ISSl KIJ [W -si/] n. :ii. (> lian{,">"> tS*" 
'ml- (sjiiriilicor II a fall) 

BAISSli;RE [bi-sifi-r] n. f (sing.) bot- 
tom of the cask (of beer, cider, wine, etc.). 

BAISURE [hi-zu-r] n. f (culin.) kiss- 
in g-crnst. 

I5AJ0IRE [ba-joa-r] n. {. double-head- 
ed coin. 

BAJOUE [bajou] n. t. (of pigs) cheek. 

BAJOYER [bn-joa-] n. ni. (engin.) (of 
canals) chamber-, wlutrf, side-wall. 

BAL [bai] n. m., pi. s, hull (dancing). 

costume, travesti, fancy =; 
masque, masked = ; pare, dress- =.. 
Donner le a q. u. , to rate a. o. ; to 
give it to a. o. ; fermer un , to break 
up a =.; to close a =; ouvrir un , to 
ojyen a =; mettre une carte au , to 
stake money upon a card. 

BALADIN [ba-la-din, i-n] n. m. E, n. f. 
\. f dancer ; 2. (b. .s.) merry Andre^o. 

BALADINAGE [ba-la-di-ia-j] n. m. 
merry Andrew's jest, joke ; buffoon- 

BALAFRE [ba-la-fr] n. f. 1. gash; 
slash ; 2. + scar (of a gash). 

Ffiire une , to make a scar. 

BALAFRER [ba-ia-fri] v. a. 1. to gash ; 
to slash ; 2. to cut (a. o.) over tlie face. 

Bai.afke, e, pa. p. covered with scars. 

BALAI [ba-ie] n. m. 1. broom; 2. 
brush ; long brush, broom ; long- 
handled brush. 

de bouleau, birch broom. ; de 
cheminee,_;?/'i?-J/nM/t/ du ciel, (nav.) 
North West wind ; de crin, house- 
brush ; de jonc, carpet-:= ; a la- 
ver, 1. mop; 2. s^cab; do plume, 
featlier-^^. Coup de , siceep ; inan- 
che i , 1. =^-stick ; 2. =-handle. 
Donner un coup de a, to brush a lit- 
tle; to brush up; enlevf.r avec un , 
to brush off; essnyer avec un (a la- 
vcr), to mop ; to t^op up ; faire neuf, 
(of servants) to do o.'s work well at 
first ; laver avec un (a laver), to mop ; 
pa.sei Ic dans, to S7ceep ; rotir le , 1. 
to drudge in obscurity ; 2. to lead a 
wild life ; faire tourner un (a laver), 
to trundle a mop. #*^, II n'est rien tel 
que neuf, a new := sweeps clean. 

BALAIS [ba-14] n. m. (mln.) balas. 

Rubis , = i~iihy. 

BALANCi; [ba-ian-k] n. f. 1. B balance 
(for weighing); 2. scales, pi.; pair of 
scales; 8. balance; 4. suspense; 5. 
(astr.) libra ; balance ; 6. (book-k.) ba- 
lance ; 7. (book-k.) balance-sheet; 8. 
(com.) balance. 

approximative, rough balance; 
ordinaire, 1. common =; 2. common 
scales; provisoire (book-k.) trial-=; 
romaine, steelyard; Roman r=^. 
11 bascule, weighing-machine; d'es- 
sai, (trcbuchet assay-=^; aux let- 
tres, letter-=- de precision, jthilo- 
sophical - pour peser, =z-weiglit. 
Arbre de , ^tecli.) =::-arbor; fabri- 
cant de s, 1. ^=-m(iker ; 2. scale- 
maker; fouille de , (com.) ^-sheet ; 
I>Iat de ,scule; poidsde ,^^-weight; 
trait de la , turn of tlie scale. En , 
I. in suspense; %, fluctuating ; 3. tca- 
ve.ring ; irresolute; undecided; 4. 
doubtful. Acquittcr, solder une , to 
discharge a = ; an-eter une , (com.) 
to make out a =; 6tablir, faire la , to 
dratc, to strike a =; emporter la , 1. 
P (of weights) to he too heavy ; 2. to out- 
weigh all other considerations ; entrer 
en .". to he compared ; 2. to be in 
sus]r,^se; etre en , 1. to be in sus- 
pense; 2. to fluctuate ; 3. to waver; to 
be irresolute, undecided ; 4. to lie doubt- 
ful ; mettre en , dans la , to weigh ; 
to poise ; fnlrc puncher la , to turn the 
=. ; to turn the scale ; tenir en , to 
keep in suspense; tenir la egale 
entre, to hold the = bettceen. 

BALANCE [ba-ian.8*] u. m. (dance) 

BALANCELLE [ba-Ian-se-1] n. f (nav.) 

BALANCEMENT [ba-lan-.-mSn] n. m. 
I I. balancing (in equilibrium); jiois- 
Ing ; 2. swinging ; sicing; 3. rocking; 
waring; 4. (in walking) waddling; 6. 
(in walking) icalloic ; 6. fiuctuaf^i. 

BAI-ANCKH [ba-l.n 8*^ V. a. :. I toba- 
lanre (hold In equilibrium); to j>oUe ; 

2. B to seeing; 8. t to rock ; 4. to leave; 
5. to balance (consider' ; to weigh ; U. 
poise; 6. to counter'/alance; to Im- 
lance; 1.% to counteract; 8. io io- 
lance (accounts); ', to squdit; 9. 
(book-k.) to balance. 

2. ses bras, to swin^, one^t armt. 

Balance, e, a*!;. ( V. senses of B AUi.v- 
cer) (of accounts) 1. balanced ; squa'^ 

2. (of victory) doubtful. 

Non , ( V. senses) 1. i unbalanccii ,' 
unpoised ; 2. unwei^ihed ; not <vt- 
sidered ; 3. (of accounUs) unbalanc-e^L 

Se balawcer, pr. v. 1. fl to mrivg ; 2. 
! to rock ; 8. | to ware ; 4. | (in walkirg) 
to waddle , 5. to balance ; to be couiv 

Personne qui se balance, (F. senses) 

BALANCER, v. n. 1. (a, to) to heu 
tate ; to he in suspense; 2. to fluctuate, 

3. to waver; to he irresolute, undecided; 

4. {a, to) to scruple ; 5. (danc.) to bal- 

Qui ne balance pas, (F. senses) un- 
hesitating. Sans , ( V. senses) unhest 

5yn. Balancrr, hJcsitkr. When there ar 
considerations to be wt-ighed, we balan^ont {are i* 
tuspente); when there are olstacK-s Uj be ovi r- 
eonie, we h'tiumt {htsitate). I>oubt, uncertaint 7, 
make iia ba.'anrer (waver) ; fear, weakness, make 
aakettler(heeilule). He v,\ijlia.'ance (it urtdecided) 
holds himself between two cours-s fur the purpt so 
of selecting the tetter; he v bo iU<i<e (hetitatet) 
venture* not to choose either. 

BALANCIER [ba-lin-si*] n. m. 1. 
(pers.) halance-tnitker ; 2. (pers.) sctifc- 
maker ; 3. (of clocks) pendulum ; 4. 
(of rope-dancers) balancing-pole ; pole ; 

5. (of watches) balance ; C. (coin.) coin- 
ing-engine; coining -press ; 1. (niach.) 
beam ; working-beam ; cross-be<tm ; 
8. (spin.) flier ; 9. (of the compass and 
lamps in ships) gimhal. 

monotaire, coining-engine; coin- 
ing-press ; transversal, cross-beatn. 

BALANCINE [ba-iin-si-n] n. C (nay.) 

s de corne, topping-lifts ; p iV 
grande vergue, main-lifls. 

BALANgOIKE [ba-lin-soa-r] n. C 1. 
see-satc ; 2. spring. 

lan-dran, dra] n. Dl. t 1. ^'baUindran'" 

(cloak of state) ; 2. " balandran'" (coarse 

BALANE [ba-la-n] n. m. (concb.) 
acorn ; acorn-fsh ; acorn-slteU. 

BALAUSTE'^ [ba-158-;] n. (pharm.) 
balaustia ; balaustines. 

BALAUSTIER [ba.if,s-ti6] n. m. (hot, 
balaustine ; \cild pomegranate. 

BALAYAGE [ba-lA-ia-j] n. m. sweep- 

B A LAVER [ba-lJ-i4] V. a. 1. 1 te 
sweep ; 2. B to sweep ; ^ to give (a. th ] 
a s-weep ; 8. 1 to mceep along; 4 B <i 
sweep away, off'; t>. to brush off; 6 I 
to sweep out ; 7. B iiy siceejj up ; 8. {hj 
artillery) to sweep ; to clear. 

4. I'eiinemi, to sweeji off tfie enemy, 6. un 
clianibre, (" sweep out a room. 1. 1^8 ordures, t* 
sweep up the dirt. 

bien, comme il faut, to sweep cletin; 
en t8, to sweep up. Q\il n'est pat 
balay6, un-ncept 

BAIAYEU-R [ba-iii-ieur] n. m. SK 
[eu-z] r. f. siceeper. 

d'' rue, street-=z. 

BAI AYURES [ba-lA-iii r] n. t [l 
sweep' ngs. 

de mer, sea-weed trashed on a/i'Xtl 
BAf-BUSARD. V. Baluuzafu. 
BALBUTIEMENT [bal-bu-si uJu.] a. 

in. (.tammering ; stuttering. 

BALBUTIER [bal-bu-ai^] v t 1. | ft: 
stammer ; to stutter ; 2. to 'pet k oi /*- 
fusedly ; 8. (of children) to :uip (gprf.k 

En balbutiant, stamnieringly ; stut- 

BALBUTIER, v. a. 1. B to stammer; 
to utammer out ; to stutter ; to s*-uti. 
out ; 2. (of children) to li.ip (speak iiu 

BALbUZARD [bnl-bu-zar] n. in (.iio, 
ospray ; ^finhing-eagle. 

1{ALC.N [bal-kOol u. ui. balc<iv 




oujoato; eujen; e& jcuEe; eii peur; an pan; In pin ; wibon; rnibrun; Uliq.; 'gn Ilq. 

BALDAQUIX [bai-da-kin] n. m. 1. bal- 
lachin; 2. (arch., sculp.) canopi/. 

bALE [bill] n. f. (bot) boll; glume. 

En , (of grain) unhusked. 

B.'vLEAltES [ba-l-a-r] a^j. (geog.) Ba- 

BALEIXE [ba-IJn] n. f. 1. (mam.J 
(geaij) ichale; 2. whale-bone; 3. (astr.) 

franche, (species) icluile ; nord- 
cripcr, ict- =. Barbe de , = -bone, 
= -fin ; blanc de , sperm ; spermaceti. 
xaiion de , 1. =^-bone; z=i-fin; 2. 
(anat.) baleen ; poche do la , = ^sh- 
iry ; peclieur do , lohaler. 

BALEtN^, E [ba-i4-n] atlj. with 
whale bone. 

BALEINEAU [ba-lJ-nA] n. m. (mam.) 
young whale. 

BALEINIEE [ba-U-m] n. m. 1. 
whaler (wliale-fisher) ; 2. (nav.) wha- 
ler ; whiUe-ship. 

Navire , (nav.) whaler ; whale-ship. 

BALEINIEKE [ba-U-m-J,-r] n. f. (nav.) 
whaler's boat. 

BAL6NAS [ba-14-na] n. m. whale's 
pizzle ; pizzle. 

BALESTON [ba-lee-tonj n. m. (nav.) 

Voile k , = -sail. 

BAL;VIiE [ba-16-vr] n. f. 1. t under 
lip ; 2. (arcli.) overplus lip. 

BALI [ba-ii] n. m. r. Pali. 

BALISAGE [ba-ii-za-j] n. m. (de, in) 

1. erection of beacons; setting up hea- 
c<yns ; 2. (nav.) buoyiwg. 

BALISE [ba-U-i] n. {bot.) fruit of 
the shot. 

BALISE, n. f. 1. beacon; 2. % tow- 

Batiment , light-ship. de sau- 
vetsge, safety-beacon. Droit de , 

BALlSEPv [ba-li-i] V. a. 1. (nav.) to 
art'ct beacons iu ; to set up beacons in ; 
fe. to buoy 

BALISEUR [ba-U-ieur] n. m. 1. super- 
IciUndeni qfa tow-path; 2. person ap- 
pointed to erect beacons. 

BALISIEU [ba-li-ii] n. m. (bot) shot 

de rinde, Indian =. 
BALISTE [ba-iu-t] n. f. 1. ballista; 2. 

(!ch.) batistes. 

BALISTIQUE [ba-li.-U-k] n. f. ballis- 
tics, pi. 

Qui a rapport k la , ballistic. 

BALI V AGE [ba-ii-va-j] n. m. stad- 

BALIVEAU [ba-li-v6] n. m. staddle. 

Laisser, reservor ses x, to staddle. 

BALI VERNE [ba-U-vir-n] ^ idle ialA ; 
idle tale ; stuff; fiddle-faddle. 

BALIVEKNER [ba-'li-v4r-n] V. n. tO 

trifle ; to fiddle. 

BALLADE [ba-la-d] n. f balUtd. 

Auteur de -^, = -loriter ; composi- 
tion des s, = -writing. Chanter des 
8. to sing =s ; mettre on , to bal- 
ladize : rimer des s, to make ballads. 

BALLAGE [ba-U-j] n. m. (metal) ball- 

BALLANT [ba-lan] adj. t (of the 
aims) sicinging. 

Aller les bras 8, to swing o.'s arms 
in walking. 

BALLE [bn-1] n. f 1. baU (a. th. round) ; 

2. b(dl (play-thing); 3. (of certain grains) 
husk; 4. (of fire-arms) ball; shot; 5. 
(of cannon) bullet; bullet shot; 6. (i)f 

E Idlers) pack ; 7. (bot) boll ; glume ; 8. 
m.) bale (of goods) ; 9. (print) ball ; 

mortc, spent ball, shot ; ramiSe, 
bar-shot. au camp, (sing.) (play) 
rounders. \\.\ a, de feu, fre = ; 
ai pot, (sinvt.) roUy-pooly ; en rond, 
Jpl&y) stool-ball; a la voice, (play) 
Trap. Enfant de la - -, son tcho folloirs 
his father's profession ; personne qui 
jcrt la , (play) bowler. A s perduos, 
ut random ; de , 1. of no value ; '^ 
paltry : 2. (of goods) peddUr's ; en , 
(of grain) in Ui husk ; unhusked. 
Jjliarge.- k , U load icith =, shot; 
ioner k la , t(> lay at =. ; jugcr la , 
l. I to foresee revere the ball will .fall; 
i. 9 to foresee Vie result (of a, th.) ; pren- 
Uo lu - an I.<i id. 1 ] to catch tlie = on 

the rebound ; 2. to improve an oppor- 
tunity ; renvoyer la , \. \to return 
the = ; 2. to give tit for tat : se ren- 
voyer la , to refer to each other ; ser- 
vir la , (play) to boivl ; to be the bowl- 
er. A vous la 1 it is your turn! 
quand la me viendra, when my turn 

BALLER [ba-ld] V. n. dance ; 
2. to dance in a ring. 

BALLET [b.vl6]n. m. ballet. 

Directeur des s, = -master. 

BALLON [ba-lon] n. m. 1. balloon ; 2. 
foot-ball (to play with); 3. (chem.) bal- 

captif, capt'ive balloon : perdu, 
=: in the air. d'essai, pilot =. Fairo 
une ascension en , monter en , to 
ascend in a = ; to make an ascent in 
a =. 

BALL0NN6, E [ba-lo-ne] adj. \. dis- 
tended ; swollen ; 2. (ve^er.) hide-bound. 

BALLONNEMENT [ba-lo-n-man] n. 
m. (mcd.) swelling. 

BALLONNER [ba-Io-nf] v. a. (med.) 
to sicell ; to distend. 

BALLONNER, v. n. (.mod.) to sicell. 

BALLONNIER [ba-lo-ni4] n. m. foot- 
ball maker. 

BALLOT [ba-lo] n. m. (com.) bale. 

BALLOTIN [ba-io-tin] n. m. (com.) 
smali bale. 

BALLOTTADE [ba-lo-te-d] n. m. 
(man.) balotade. 

BALLOTTAGE [ba-lo-ta-j] n. m. sec- 
ond ballot. 

BALLOTTE Tba-lo-t] n. f. t ballot. 

BALLOTTE, "n. f (bot) ballota. 

fotide, black horehound. 
BALLOTTEMENT [ba-lo-t-man] n m. 

tossing, shaking about. 

BALLOTTER [ba-lo-t^l v. a. 1. I to 
toss ; %to toss about ; to shake about ; 2. 
to send (a. o.) about (from one to an- 
other) ; 3 to bandy (a. th.) ; to knock 
about , 4 to canvass (discuss) ; to turn 
over in every direction ; 5. to ballot a 
second time; 6. (tennis) to toss, to ban- 
dy (a ball). 

BALLOTTER, v. n. to shake. 

BALOURD Fba-loiir, d] n. m., E, n. f. 
dolt; numskull: blockltead. 

BALOURD, E adj. dtdl; heavy; 
doltish; dull-headed; dtdl-brained ; 
thick-headed ; blockish. 

BALOURDISE [ba-lour-di-z] n. f. 1. 
dulness; heaviness; doltishness ; block- 
ishness ; 2. stupid thing. 

Avee , doHisJUy ; blockishly. Faire 
une , to do a stupid tfnng. 

BALSAMIER [] n. m. F. 

BALSAMINE [bal-za-mi-n] n. f. (bot) 
balsam ; balsamine. 

<1es bois, touch-me-not 
BALSAMIQUE [bal-ia-mi-k] adj. L 

b(Um)/ ; 2. balsamic; balsamous. 

BALSAMIQUE, n. m. (pharm.) bal- 

BALSAMITE [bal-za-mi-t] l. f. (bot) 
(genus) costmary. 

odorante, =:. 
BALUSTRADE [ba-lus-tra-d] n. f 1. 

balustrade ; 2. (mach.) fence. 

BALUSTRE [ba-iu.-tr] n. m. \. (arcli.) 
baluMer; 2. railing. 

BALZAN [bal-ran] n. m. (of horses) 
white-footed horse. 

BALZANE [bal-ia-n] n. (of horses) 

BAMBIN [ban-bin] n. m. 1. T baby 
(boy) ; babe : 2. boii. 

BAMBOCHADE [ban-bo-sha-d] n. 
(paint) \. rustic, loio life ; 2. painting, 
picture of rustic, Imc life. 

BAMBOCIIE [ban-bo-sh] n. 1. H pup- 
pet (large) ; 2. (pers.) bit of a Viing ; 
shrimp ; 3. ^ spree. 

s, spectacle de s, puppet-shaic. 
Joueur de s, = -player ; maitre d'nn 
spectacle de s, = -man; = -master. 
Faire une , -f- to hare a spree. 

BAMBOCIIE, n. small bamboo; 

BAMBOCIIEU-R [ban-bo-.heur] n. m., 
SE [ea-z] n. rake. 

B.\MBOU [ban-bou] a m. (bot) lam- 
boo ; bamboo-cane. 

BAN [ban] n. m. 1. ban; 2. ban {'A 
marriage); 8. exile; banishment; -t 

Dispense de s, licenss; marrioiJ\i 
license. Au , under t'.eban. Achet-c< 
des s, se procurer une dispenw de fc, 
to procure a =; lever le , to loyy tf^ 
ba n: m ettre au , I. 1 to lay a ban ; 
2. fjgr- g to send to Coventry ; pabI{'..T 
les s, 1. to publish the bans ; 2. to 'UJ: 
(a. o.) in church ; faire publier ses > L 
to have o.^s bans publislied ; 2. to bt 
asked in church; rompre son , Ij 
break o.'s ban. 

BANAL, E [ba-..all adj. \. (feud.) k7>- 
jed to socome ; bond socome ; 2. (pen*.) 
hireling; mercenary ; 3. (th.) cink- 
mon to every one; 4. (th.) cotnmon- 
place ; hackney ; trite. 

Nature e, ( V. senses) triteness. D'uiw 
maniere e, ( V. senses) tritely. 

BANALIT:6 [ba-na-li-te] n. (feud 
law) socome ; bond socome. 

Droit de du moulin, (feud law) thir- 

BAN ANE [ba-na-n] n. (bot) banana; 
plantain; '[ Adam's apple. 

BANANIER [ba-na-nU] n. m. (bot) 
banana-tree ; plantain; plantain-tree; 
^ Adam's apple. 

BANC [ban] n. m. 1. bench (seat of 
wood, stone, or metal) ; 2. bank (seat of 
turf) ; 3. (of churches) pew ; 4. (of flsh) 
shoal ; 5. (of ice) field ; 6. (of rivers, seas) 
shelf; 7. (of sand) bank; 8. (of schools) 
bench; .form; 9. (of stone) bed; 10. 
(nav.) (rowers) bank; thwart; 11. (spin.) 

8 degarnis, deserts, empty benclies ; 
s ministeriels, (pari.) treas^iry-bencft" 
es. des accuses, bar ; - k brochoe, 
(spin.) spindle andfly roving-frame ; 
d'eglise, pew ; de I'oeuvre, ch urch- 
wardens' peiB ; de roche, (nav.) r-idqe:^ 

du roi, de la reine, king, queen's '. 
fitre sur les s, to be a school-boy , ft. 
be in o.'s pupilage ; se remettre sur !a 
s, to go to school again ; to riturtj ti 
o.'s pupilage. 

BANCAL, E [ban-kal] adj. bandy-log 

BANCASSE [ban ka-s] n. f (nav.) chwi 
(used as a seat and bed in galleys). 

BANCO [ban-ko] adj. (e.xch.) banco. 

BANCROCIIE [bin'-kro.h] adj. ^ (b. 6.) 
1. bandy-legged ; 2. rickety. 

BANDAGE [ban-da-j] n. m. 1. (af 
wheels) tire ; hoop ; % (build.) hoop ; . 
(surg.) bandage ; belt ; fascia ; 4. truss ; 
5. (surg.) employment^ ime of bandages. 

herniaire, (surg.) truss. Porter un 
, to wear a truss. 

BANDAGISTE [bin-da-ji-.t] n. m. 1. 
bandage-maker ; 1. truss-maker. 

herniaire, truss-maker. 
BANDANA [ban-da-na] n. m. bandcn- 

na (silk handkerchief). 

BANDE [ban-d] n. 1.1 band; % \ 
slip ; strip ; 8. 1 head-band ; 4. 1 shred ; 
5. 1! string ; 6. band ; troop ; company; 
7. (b. s.) (pers.) set; gang ; crew ; 8. 
(of a billiard-table) cushion ; 9. (of birds) 
fight; 10. (anat) tract; 11. (arch.) 
band; girth; 12. {astr.) fascia ; belt; 
13. (lier.) bend ; 14. (post) band, 

5. Um de s-aiicisses, a string '/ gausa ifs. 

Demi- , (nav.) parliamenl-heel ; 
petite , strip = ; ronlee, (med.) roller ; 

de maillot, stcathing-lnind ; do 
tremie, (build.) (of chimneys) trimmer. 
Clief de , leader of a gang. A dons, 
trois s, two, three-banded; a la , 
(nav.) lying along; en 1 anujitl 
sous , in bands. Couper par 8, to 
shred ; donner, plier k la , (nav.) to iic 
along ; to heel; to careen; faire i 
part to keep a part; former en , t> 

BANDEAU [ban-dft] n. m. 1. head- 
band ; frontlet ; 1. fillet; 3. bandagj 
(over o.'s eyes) ; 4. clou,d ; mist ; dark- 
ness: 5. (arch.) .string-course. 

royal, royal diadetn. Arracher lo 
, faire tonibcr le de deesus les yi-ux 
de q. n., to dispel tfie mist before a. o.'t 
eyes; to open a. o.'s eyes; avoir un 
sur les yeux | , to be blindfolded ; 
couvrir dun , to muffle; mettre ua - 




auud; dm< f6e; efisve; gfute; ^je; ill; ilc; o inol ; ymolo; dinort; a sue; iisCire; oujoxa; 

\<, bnx Ics yenx dc q. u., to blindfold 
a. o. ; to blind a. o. ; otcr le de, 1. || to 
rcmavs tfis bandaye from ; 2. il to un- 
muffle ; Z.%to open (a. o.'s eyes). 

fiANDELETTE [ban-d-16-t] n. f. 1. 
band (small); band-itrinff ; 2. bande- 
let ; bandlet ; 3. Jillet ; 4. (arch.) band- 
let ; girth; 5. (surg.)/aci. 

BANBEH [ban-d6] V. a. 1. J to bind 
VII ; 2. 5 to tie up ; 3. || to put a bandage 
'/ver (a o.'s eyes) ; 4. || to tighten ; 5. || to 
'>vnd (a bow) ; 6. to bend (the mind) ; 
T. (arcn.) to key in (arclies) ; 8. (nav.) to 
i:zke taught. 

trop, ( V. senses) to strain. les 
ycux a !1 , to blindfold; to blind. 

Bande, e, pa. p. ( F! senses of Bander) 

1. (her.) bendy ; 2. (of the mind) on the 

Non trop , (V. senses of Bandek) 

BANDER, V. n. to be tight. 

BANDEREAU [ban-d-rfi] n. m. tnini- 

BANDEROLE [ban-d-ro-l] n. f. 1. shoul- 
der-belt ; 2. bandrol ; bannerol ; 8. 
(nav.) streamer ; small pendant. 

RANDlf;RE [ban-diJ-r] n. K Ban- 


BANDIT Xi-Sn-ii] n. m. 1. ruffian; 
bandit; 2. vagrant. 

BANDOULIER [baa-dou-lie] n. m. + 
highwayman (of tlie mountains). 

BANDOULIERE [ban-dou-lie-r] n. f. 1. 

shoulder-belt ; cross-belt ; 2. bandoleer. 

Porter q. eh. en , to sling a. th. 
over o.'s shoidder ; porter la , to be a 

BANDURE [ban-du-r] n. f. (bot.) ban- 

BA NIAN [ba-nian] n. m. Banian (In- 
dian idolater). 

BANLIEUE [ban-Ueu] n. f. suburbs. 

BANNE [ba-n] n. f 1. awning ; 2. 
hamper ; 3. (of boats) Ult ; 4. (of carts, 
wagons, etc.) tilt; 5. corf. 

BANNEAU [ba-n6] n. m. small ham- 

BA NNER [bn-nd] V. a. 1. to cover with 
a tut ; 2. to tilt (a boat, cart, wagon). 

BANNERET [ba-n-re] adj. m. (feutl 
b St.) banneret. 

Chevalier , knight =. 

BAN N ETON [ba-n-ton] n. m. (fish.) 
01 mf. 

BANNETTE [ba-n6-t] n. s^nail ham- 

BANNI [bn-ni] n. m. E, n. exile; s, 
(pi.) exiles ; banislied, pi. 

BANNli;RE [ba-nii-r] n. 1. banner; 

2. standard ; 3. ** streamer. 

Avec sa , scs s, 1. %oith o.'s = ; 2. 
bannered. En (nav.) flying. Plan- 
ter une , to erect a standard. 
_ BANNIR [b.vnir] V. a. 1. || (DE,/m^, 
A, to) to banish; 2. (r>E,//'owt) to ba- 
nish; to dismiss; to put away. 

Personne qui ijannit, banisher (of). 
Be , to banish o.'j self. 

BANNISSABLI [ba-ni-ia-bl] adj. } 
Kuble to banishment. 

BANNISSEMENT [ba-ni-s-miin] n. m. 

BANQUE [ban-k] n. 1. (com.) bank- 
ing ; 2. (com.) bank ; banking-houee ; 
8 (of printers) pay-table ; 4. (play) 

m6re, parent-bank ; particuliOre, 
private = ; provincialo, country, pro- 
eincial = ; succursale, branch =.. 
pr a.e,i\'in. joint stock =; d'escoinpte, 
discount =. Rccevable h la , bank- 
able; descente, invasion, irruption dans 
los bureaux de la , run on tlie =:. Ac- 
U^a da la , =: -stock; actionnairc do 
ffi , kider ofr=. -stock; billet do , 
Ti^ -noti; = -bill ; carnet do , = -hook ; 
.WTimis de , = -clerk ; comi)agnie do 
-, banking-company ; conipte de , 
.zi a.icount ; 6tablissctnent do , bank- 
ing concern, establishment ; fete l\ la , 
t-; -holiday ; garf on de , = -porter ; 
licnre de la , = -hmir ; maison de , 
banking house ; mandat de la , = - 
host-bill, post-note. De ,1. banking; 
i. (oxch.) banco. Avoir un compte en , 
U) ?MV0 an accmmt open at the =; 
katilb e )m billet tlo , to iiwe a bunk- 


note; faire la , 1. to carry on the 
business of a banker ; 2. (of work- 
people) to be paid ; mettre a la , to 
j>ut in tlie = ; faire sauter la , to break 
the =. 

BANQUEROUTE [ban-k6-rou-t] n. 
(b. 8.) bankrujytcy. 

frauduleuse, fraudtilent = ; sim- 
ple, (law) = attended with misconduct. 
En , bankrupt. Faire , 1. to be a 
bankrupt ; 2. to become a bankrupt; 
to fail; 3. (a) to forfeit (...); faire 
faii'e h, 1. || to break ; 2. to make 
bankrupt; mettre en , to make 

BANQUEROUT-IER [ban-ks-rou-ti] 
n. m. li:RE [4-r] n. (b. s.) bankrupt. 

frauduleux,//'MrfMfen<^ ; sim- 
ple, (law) ^= bii misconduct. 

banquet' [ban-ki] n. m. 1. banquet; 
* regale ; 2. banqueting. 

Amateur de s, banqueter ; maison 
de , banqueting-hou-se ; salle de , 
banqueting-hall, room ; banquet-house. 
Donner, faire un , to banquet. 

BANQUET, n. m. (man.) banquette. 

BANQUETER [biin-k-U] v. n. J 1 to 
banquet ; to feast. 

BANQUETTE [ban-ki-t] n. 1. cover- 
ed bench; bench; 2. (of bridges, of 
canals) banquette; 8. (of coaches) out- 
side; 4. (pi Toa.A&) foot-patli ; foot^uay ; 
5. (enyn.) bank; bench; 6. (fort.) ban- 
quette; 7. (rail.) attendant path; 8. 
(tlicat.) bench. 

Jouer devant, pour les s, to play to 
empty benches. 

BANQUIER [ban-ki] n. m. 1. banker; 
2. (fln.) money-agent ; 3. (play) banker. 

Avoir pour , to bank u>ith (a. o.) ; 
verser chez son , (com.) to pay into 
o.'s banker's. 

BANQUISE [ban-ki-z] n. (nav.) ice- 

BANTAM [ban-tan] n. m. bantarn. 

Coq de , ^^-cock ; poule de , =- 

BAOBAB [ba-o-bab] n. m. (bot) bao- 
bab ; t sour gourd. 

BAPTME [ba-w-m] n. m. 1. 1! (pers.) 
baptism; 2. (th.) chrtstening ; 3. (nav.) 
ducking (on crossing the equator, tro- 
pics, etc.). 

des enfants, infant baptism.; pedo- 
baptism ; de sang, (tlieol.) martyr- 
dom without =.. Extrait de , certifi- 
cate of =. De, du , baptismal ; f 
christening; sans , 1. without = ; 2. 
unbaptized. Tenir q. u. sur les fonts de 
, to stand god-father, god-mother to 
a. o. 

BAPTISER [ba-ti-zS] V. a. 1. It to bap- 
tize (a. o.) ; to cliristen ; 2. I to christen 
(a. th.); 3. to dub (a. o.); to nickname; 
4. to put water into (o.'s wine). 

Personne qui baptise, baptizer. j^*,^ 
Voila un enfant bien diflicile h I tliat 
is no easy matter ! 

Baptise, e, pa. p., 

Non baptise, tmbaptized. 

BAPTISMAL, E [ba-tU-mal] adj. bap- 
tis-mal ; of baptism. 

BAPTIST AIRE [ ba-U-tJ-r ] adj. of 

Extrait , certificate of ^^, registre 
, register of-=^ ; church-register. 

BAPTISTAIRE, n. m. certifcate of 

BAPTISTE [ba-ti-t] n. m. Baptist. 

Saint Jean \-, John t/ie =. 

BAPTISTi:RE [ba-ti-tii-r] n. m. bap- 

BAQUET [ba-ki] n. m. 1. + tuh ; 2. 
bucket; 8. trough; 4 (a. & m.) S2vim- 
ming tub. 

BARAOOUIN [b-r-gouin] n. m. gib- 

BARAOOUINAGE [ba-rn-gom-na-j] n. 
m. 1. gibberish ; 2. jabber. 

BARAGOUINER [ba-m-Koi-n] V. n. 
^, ^ to murder (a speech or language, by 
poor delivery or mispronunciation); to 

BARAGOUINER, v. n. 1. to jabber ; 
2. to talk gibberish. 

BARAOOUINEU-R [bn-ra-goutnetir] 

.J. m. SE [ou-z] n. jahberer. 
BARAQUE^ [bii-ra-kl n. 1. (mil.) bar- 

rack; hut; 2. hut; shed; 3 (b. 8,^ 
hovel; 4. (ot Mrs) standing; b'wth. 

Loger dans nne , (mil.) to hut. 

BARAQUER [ba-ra-k] V. a. t (mil) 6. 
make, put up barracks ; to hut. 

8e baraquer, pr. v. (mil.) to :?iakf: 
put up barracks ; to hut. 

BAUATERIE [ba-ra-uil] n. (iniir. 
law) barratry. 

Jf arin coupable de , barrator. En 
taclie de , barratrous. Avec , c ur 

BARATTE [ba-ra-t] n. chwrn. 

3ARATTER [ba-ra-t] V. a. to cVura. 

Personne qui baratte, churner. 

BARBACANE [ bar-ba-ka-n ] n. f 1 
(fort.) barbican ; 2. (arch.) outlet. 

BARBACOLE [ bar-ba-ko-1 ] n. m. ^ 

BARBARE [bar-ba-r] adj. 1. barbae 
ous; 2. liarbarous (savage); barbari 
an ; 8. bai-baric ; 4. (gram.) barbarous. 

Semi , semi-barbarous. D'une ma 
niere , barbarously. Devenir , to 
become, to get ^:^; to i '. barbarised ; 
rendre , to barbarize ; to make, to 
render =; ; etre rendu , to be barba- 

BARBARE, n. m. barbarian. 

Semi , semi--=.. Des s, 1. of bar- 
barians ; 2. barbaric. 

BARBAREMENT [bar-ba-r-man] adv. 
X barbaroi..6ly. 

BARBARESQ JE [bar-ba-rc.-k] adj. of 
Barbary ; Barbary. 

Les iltata s, the Barbary States. 

BARBARESQUES,n. m., (pi.) (geog.) 
Barbara/ States. 

BARBARIE [bar-ba-ri] n. 1. barba- 
rity; barbarousness ; barbarism,; 2. 
act of barbarity ; barbarous act. 

BARBARISME [ bar-ba-m-LH J n. ra. 
(gram.) barbarism,. 

Faire des s, (gram.) to make ^s. 

BARBE [bnr-b] n. 1. (pers.) beard; 
2. (of animals) iie?'rf , 3. (of barley, cojii. 
etc.) beard; awn; 4. (of caps) lappcl : 
6. (of cats, dogs) ichiskers ; 6. (of cockc) 
giils ; wattle ; 7. (of fishes) wattle ; ti. 
(of head-dresses) pinner; 9. (of quillbl 
pinner; vane; '[feather; 10. (of tur- 
keys) wattle ; 11. (arts) rough edge ; 12. 
(bot.) beard; barb; He; 13. s, (pi.) 
(veter.) beard ; barbel ; barbies. 

bleue, 6^M beard; grise, S'raj' 

= ; jeune , beardless boy ; salute , 

(nav.) gun-room ; vieille , gray = 
(old man). de bone (bot.) coral club- 
top ; de chat, cat's whiskers ; petite 
de chevre, (bot.) meadow-sweet ; 
de Jupiter, (bot.) JujAter's =:; de 
nioine, (bot.) dod/ier. Bassin, plat a , 
shaving-dish; bai'ber's basin; brosse 
a , sltMving-brush ; jour de , shav- 
ing-day ; I'nge a , shaving-cloth; 
manque de , beardlessness. A la 
Je q. u., before, in, to a. o.'s face ; to a. 
o.'s beard ; under a. o.'s nose ; sans , 
1. beardless; unbearded ; 2. mooth. 
Faire la a, 1. II to shave ; 2. to beard 
(a. o.); to cut out; se faire la , to 
shave ; w faire fnirc la , to get shaved ; 
rirc dans sa , to lavgh in o.'s sleeve. 

BARBE, n. m. barb (horse) ; Barbary 
horse ; barbary. 

BARBE, adj. Barbary. 

Cheval , := horse; barban/. 

BARHl^:. E [bar-b] adj. (bot) barbate; 
barbated ; barbellate; bearded. 

Non , ( V. senses) unbearded 

BARBEAU [bar-b6] n. m. 1. (bftj 
blue-bottle; 2. (ich.) barbel. 

commiui, uch.) barbel. Blini 
light blue. 

BARBEIER [bur.b*-ic] v. a {tav.) (ul 
sails) to shiver. 

BARBEL6, K [bar-b8 U] sdj. (of ^ 
rows) bearded. 

Clou , chevillo c, spdl e-nail. 

BARBET [bar-bJ.t] n. m. TE, u. t 
barbet; water-spantel, dog. 

BARBET, TE, sty. 

Chien , barbet; water-pa:iicl,djOg. 

BARBETTE [Unis-t] n. t (ujIL) 

Tirer A , (m)l.) (. fire en barh^. 

BARUEVEU [U.-ni] v. n. T. Hku 





o(i joute ; eu jeu ; e& jeftne ; eO, pour ; an pan ; in pin ; on bon ; n brun ; *11 liq. ; *gn liq. 

BARBICHON [bar-bi-shon] n. m. little, 
young barhet. 

BAKBIER [br-bi6] n. m. barber. 

BAKBIiaEU [bar-bi-fi^] V. a. 1 to 

8e faire , to get shaved. 

Sb BAEHiriKE, pr. V. 1 to shave o.'s 

BARBILLON [bar-bi-i6n*] n. m. 1. (of 
V0(ik) gUls ; loattle; 2. {oi &i\\) wattle ; 
P-. (of tui'keys) wattle; 4. (icli.) little 
l/irblc; 5. s, QjI.) (vet.) barbel; bar- 
I h. 

IJAEBON [bar-bon] n. m. gray-beard ; 

Faire la , to play the old man. 

BAKBON, n. in. (bot.) /iweet rush. 

odorant, (bot) [ camel's hay ; le- 
mon grass. 

BAKBOTE [bar bo-t] n. f. (ich.) 1. Mir- 
bot; eel-pout; 2. loach ; loc/ie; ground- 

BARBOTER [barboi*] v. n. 1. 1 to 
dabble; to paddle; 2. (nav.) (of sails) 
to shiver. 

Personne qui barbote, dabbler. 

BARBOTEUR [bar-bo-teur] n. m. (orn.) 
domestic duck. 

BARBOTEUSE [bar-bo-teu-z] n. f. (b. 
8.) prostitute ; fW~ street-icdlker. 

BARBOTINE [iir-bo-ti-n] n. f. (bot) 
Indian worm,icood. 

Armoise , ^. 

BARBOUILLAGE [bar-bou-ia-j*] n. m. 
1. 1 daubing; 2. daub; .3. scribble; 
scribbling; scrawl; 'k rigmarole ; 5. 
(paint) slur. 

BAKBOUILLER [bar-bou-ii] v. a. 1. 
(de, ^ntll) to daub ; 2. to smear ; to be- 
stnear ; 3. to smutch ; 4. to must ; 5. to 
blot ; 6. to scrawl ; to scribble ; to be- 
scribble ; 7. to stammer ; to stutter out ; 
8. to babble ; 9. (print) to slur. 

Barbouillk, e, pa. p. ( V. senses) 

de noir, (of coal, smoke, soot) =. 
tk nioqucr de la e , 1. to t<.dk absurd- 
ly , extravagantly ; 2. not to care for 
r/ay thing. (In this expression, e is 
GJt U fts a subst) 

tit. BAKBOUILLER, pr. V. 1. J (dE, icith) 

to besmear o.'s self; 2. to injure o.'s 
ulf, o.'s character. 

Le temps se barbouille, the weather is 
getting cloudy ; the clouds are gaVier- 
ing ; tlie sky lowers. 

BARBOUILLEUR [bar-bou-ieiir] n. ni. 

1. dauber ; 2. scribbler ; sorawler ; 3. 
idle baboler. 

BARBU, E [bar-bu] m\i. \. bearded ; 

2. (of barley, corn, etc.) bearded; 3. 
'bot) barbate, barbated ; barbellate ; 

Non , 1. beardless ; 2. (of barley, 
corn, etc.) unbearded. 

BAEBU, n. m. (orn.) barbel 

BARBUE [bar-bi] n. f. (ich.) brill. 

BARCAROLLE [bar-ka-ro-1] n. f (.mus.) 
barcarolle (boat song). 

BARCASSE [bar-ka-s] n. f (iron.) bad, 
thabbi/ vessel. 

BARCELONNETTE [bar-s-lo-nS-t] a 
barcelonnette (small cradle). 

BARD [bar] n. m. hand-barrow. 

BARDANE [bar-dan] n. f. (bot) bur- 
dock ; bur. 

offlcinale, burdock. 

BARDE [bard] n. f. 1. barbe (armor 
for horses); 2. (culin.) bard (slice of ba- 
con put round the breast of fowls in 

BARDE, n. m. hard. 

De , des s, of a =, =:s ; bardic ; 
iKirdiah. Science des e, bardism. 

BARDEAU [bar-d6] n. m. 1. (bot) 
Tn^:Uy4ree ; ^ way-faring tree ; 2. 
'ZJ'i'.) shi?igle ; 8. {print) fount-case. 

Couvrir de x, (carp.) to shingle. 

BARDELLE [bar-del] n. bardelle 
f;juilted saddle for colts). 

BARDER [bnr-d] V. a. 1. to barb (a 
lorse) ; 2. || (culin.) (de, icith) to lard ; 
J. (PK, rcith) to lard ; to stuff; to cov- 
r ; 4. tc load on a hand-harrow, on a 
sart ; 5. (culin.) to cover uiUi a bard, 
with baco?i. 

Baedk, b, pa. p. (F. senses) (of horses) 

BAl'iDEUR [bar-deur] n. in. mason's 
laborer (that carries a hand-barrow or 
draws a cart). 

BARDIS [hardi] n. m. 1. (com. nav.) 
partition in the hold ; 2. water-board ; 

BARDOT [bar-do] n. m. 1. little, small 
mule; 2. drudge; 3. butt; laug/t- 

BARfiGE [ba-r6-j] n. m. harege. 

BAREME [ba-r6-m] n. m. ready 

BAltGE [bar-j] n. (orn.) godwit. 

aboyetise, ^. 
BARGUIGNAGE [bar-gbi-gna-j*] n. m. 


BARGUIGNER [bar-ghi-gni*] V. n. T 
to haggle ; to higgle. 

BARGUIGNEU-R [bar-ghi-gneur] n. 

m. SE [^cu-z] n. f. ^ haggler ; higgler. 

BARIL [bar;*] n. uLl. barrel ; 2. cask; 
3. tub ; 4. keg. 

Petit , small =. A , barrelled. 
Mettre en , 1. to barrel ; 2. to cask ; 
3. to put into a tub, tubs; 4. to pack 
(iish, meat). 

BARILLE [ba-ri*] n. (com.) barilla. 

BARILLET [ba-ri-ii*] n. in. 1. small 
barrel; 2. casket (in the form of a bar- 
rel) ; 3. (horol.) (of locks) drum ; 4. (ho- 
rol.) barrel ; spring-box. 

Arbre de , (horol.) barrel-arbor. 

BAltlOLAGE [ba-ri-o-la-j] n. m. (of 
colors) medley ; motley miuture. 

BARIOLE, E [ba*i-o 16] adj. (of col- 
ors) 1. medley ; mMey ; 2. party- 

BARIOLER [ba-ri-o-l6] v. a. to make 
a medley of (by painting); to make (f 
motley mixture of. 

BARITEL [ba-ri-tM] n. va. (tech.) 
winding-enyine, machine. 

a chevaux, horse-whim; ichim- 

BARLONO, UE [bar-Ion, l6n-g] 0^. of 

unequal length; longer on one side 
than the other. 

BARNABITE [] n. m. (rel. 
ord.) harnabite. 

BARN ACHE [bar-na-sh] n. (orn.) 

a collier, brent =. 
BAROMETRE [ba-ro-me-tr] n. m. 1. 1 

(pliys.) barometer ; ^ weather-glass; 
iceatlier-gauge ; 2. ^ barometer ; wea- 

marin, nautical barometer. a 
cadran, icheel = ; a tube incline, di- 
agonal =. Au moyen d'un , baro- 

BAR0M:6TRIQUE [ba-ro-mi-trUk] adj. 
(phys.) barometrical. 

BARON [ba-ron] n. m. NE [o-n] n. 
baron, in., baroness, 

Dignity de baron, baronage. De ba- 
ron, of a baron ; baronial. 

BARONNAGE [ba-ro-na-j] n. m. 1. 
baronage (barons) ; 2. (b. s.) baronage 

BAEONNET [ba-ro-ni] n. m. baro7iet. 

Chevalier , knight =:. Carps des s, 
baronetage ; dignlte de , baronetage. 

BARONNIAL, E [ba-ro-ni-ui] adj. ba- 

BARONNIE [ba-ro-ni] n. barony; 

BAROQUE [ba-ro-k] adj. 1. ^ odd; 
strange ; uncouth ; 2. (of pearls) irre- 
gular (not round). 

BAROSCOPE [ba-ro-.ko-p] a m. baro- 

BAEQUE [bar-k] n. 1. J bark, 
(boat) ; 2. || boat ; 3. B barge. 

de ctircmonie, state barge ; de 
Caron, 1 a Caron, (myth.) 0/taron's 
boat ; de parade, (nav.) barge. Patron 
de , barge-master. Conduire la , 1. 
II to steer the boat, barge ; 2. to be at 
the helm ; conduire bien sa , to ma- 
nage o.'s affairs well. droite 1 (nav.) 
trim the boat. 

BARQU6E [bar-kfi] n. boat-load. 

BARQUEROLLE [bar-k-ro-l] n. 
large (on tlie Adriatic sea). 

BARRAGE [b.i-ra-j] n. m. 1. harrier 
^to bar up a street or road) ; 2. toll-bar ; 
toll-gate ; 3. (of a river) dam ; 4. (engin.) 
wear; weir; dough. 

avcc pcrtnis, (engin.) regulating 
icear, weir ; :'i [>outrel!t.i', stop-gate. 

BARP.AGER [ba-ra-j*] n. in. toU-ga- 

BARRE [bar] n. 1. bar (of metal ui 
wood); 2. cross-ltar ; 8. (of rourts of ju- 
dicature, political assemblies) bur; 4 
s, (]>1.) (of horses" mouths) bar ; 5. (ol 
rivers, liarbors) bur; G. (her.) hir , 7. 
(mus.) bar; 8. (nav.) bar; 9. (na?.) 
(of the capstan) l/ar ; arm ; 10. (nav.^ 
(of the helm) tiller; helm; 11. s, (]>L; 
(play) base; 12. (writing) stroke. 

franclie, (navig.) hand-tiller. do 
^- is. 1. wooden bw; 2. (tech.) slot; 

de fer pour emnOclier 1 ecrasement, 
toeh.;> xtiig ; de flcuve, (engin.) eddy ; 

do f(nte, cast-iron j list ; de four- 
neau, <le foyer, fire-bar; de hune, 
(nav.) cross-trees ; de jonclion, (mus.) 
tie. dp.ssous ! sous le vent ! (nav.) 
helm alee ! La toute (lessons I k 
bord! (nav.) hard alee! Avoir s sui 
q. u., to have the advantage of a. o. ; 
faire tirer une sur, to drate a stroke 
ffiroiigh; to strike out; joner au.x ^ 8, 

1. II to play at base; 2. to miss each 
other ; tra'dnire a la , (law) to arraign. 
Mettez la droite! {naw) put the helm 
amidship ! 

BARREAU [ba-ra] n. m. 1. bar (for 
closing) ; 2. bar (place rcser\ed for bar- 
ri.sters); 3. />/ (barristers); 4. (of ch aire) 

Frequenter !e , to attend the courts ; 
siiivre le , to folloic tlie law (as a bar- 

BAEREE [bH-r(5] V. a. 1. to bar; 2. to 
bar up ; 3. to fence up ; 4. to obstruct; 
to stop up; 5. to cancel; to cross off, 
out; to erase ; 6. to tltrow obstacles in 
Oie way of (a. o.); 7. (lier.) to bar; 8. 
(vet) to liar. 

B ARRE, E, pa. p. r. senses of Barrke. 

Non , (W senses) 1. unobstructed ; 

2. uncancelled ; uncrossed. 
BARRETTE [bA-rJ-t] n.;)(f>ii 

men); 2. (of cardinals) cap. 

BARRICADE [t.A-ri-ka-d] n. L bar- 
ricade; 2. (plav) harring out. 

BAliRlCADER [bS-ri-ka d6] v. a. fei 

Se barkicader, pr. y. 1. to harricadi 
o.'s self; 2. to shui o.'s self up ; 3. 
(play) to bar oat. 

BARRlfeEE [ba-ri4-r] n. 1. J bar- 
rier; 2. ^ {k, to) barrier ; bar; fence; 

3. H starting-post ; 4. (of inclosures, 
hedges) stile ; 5. (of roads) gate ; 6. 
(build.) rail-fence. 

de peage turnpike ; turnpike- 
gate. Survciilant de , turnpike-gaU. 
keeper; gate-keeper. 

BARRIQUAUT [ba-ri-k6] n. m. keg. 

BARRIQUE [ba-ri-k] n. 1. cask; 
2. hogshead. 

Petite , 1. small cask; 2. (nav.) 

BARROT [ba-rft] D. m. (nav. arch.) 

BARROTER [ba-ro-t<l v. a. to fill (a 
ship) to the beams. 

BAEROTIN [ba-ro-tin1 n. m. (nav. 
arch.) ledge (put tlie deck-beam). 

BARTAVELLK [har-t vJ-1] n. (oni.) 
Guernsey partridge. 

BARtcOlE, BAEYCOlTE [ba-ri- 
ko-i, t] n. (med.) barycoia ; deafness. 

BARYPIIONIE [ba-ri-fo-ni] n. (nied.) 
baryphonia ; difficidty of speaking. 

BAltYTK [ba-ri-i] n. (min.) ba- 

BARYTON [b^i-ri Ion] n. m. 1. (Oreo 
gram.) barytone ; 2. (inaa.) barytone. 

De , (mus.) =:. 

BAS, SE [b,i, s] adj. 1. 1 lore (n.A 
high) ; 2. lower (not upper) ; 3. I doion ; 

4. infenor ; Imcer ; 5. nt:n.; 6, j 
(b. s.) sordid ; base ; vile ; 7. (of the 
clergy) inferior ; 8. (of sound) Unc ; 9. 
(of sound) base (grave) ; 10. (of the 
weather) cloudy ; 11. (of the wor:.;; 
nether; kncer ; 12. (geog.) lower; 18 
(mus.) low. 

1. Lc bout d'une table, the lower erut ir a la 
bh. 3. La t6t , o.'a hmi down ; lc8 oreillen 
sea, the ears down. 4. Les cniplois, the in'cnol 
lower emplo'jvients. 5. se naissance, mean Si-th 
1*2. Lee iet AlpeSj the lo' *> Alps. 





a mal : d male ; e foe ; e ftve ; e 5ete ; rf je ; i il ; i ile ; o mol ; o mole ; 6 iLort ; u sue , iJ sure ; ou jour ; 

Pays- , (geog.) NeiherhtruJK ; Loxc 
Countried, La7ultt. Maitre des ses 
uvres, night-nntn. 

BAS [ba] n. m. 1. | bottom ; Uncer 
I'drt: 2. 1 down; 3. (of the leg) 
sK( 'I ; 4. (of a letter, page) bottom ; 

'}. Le liaiiU et lea de la vie, Me ufi and 

1. WIS-/ We. 

fttie au , (of casks, liquids) to get 
Lip; t> come to the botUnn. 

f!AS, adv. 1 %low. 

liii n , 1. I very loio 2. at an 

riib ; lit n low el/h. Ici , here-helow ; 

b , 1. below ; 2. over there ; 8. * yon- 
der ; tout , 1. in a very loio tone of 
voice ; 2. in <i tchixper. ! I (tli.) dotiyn 
witJi (lowxT); a , 1. 1 down; 2. all 
oter (niincfl): ^p<ff~ up ; a ! I. ! aotcn 
(get down) ; 2. iloicn (deiiiolisli, subvert) ; 

8. II officUIi ! xtrike off! 4. doicn with 
(cry of])iiriiliation) ! down with it ! 
a de, out <>''; au |lus , 1. ) at t/ie 
lowest ; 2. <it the lowest etib ; en , 

1. dmcn ; i.iloiniward ; 8. beJotc ; 4. 
doicn stairs; 5. at the bottom ; 6. down ' 
7. (of a pa^e) at foot; par , beknc ; in 
the lo^cer pari. Jeter , 1. to Uiroic 
doicn ; 2. to t<tke do^cn ; jetor a , to 
tumble down ; inettre ,\.to lay down; 

2. to Utke of {o.'s hat) -,3.% to bring (a. o.) 
Unc ; 4. (of animals in general) to bring 
fort)i (j'oung) ; 5. (of certain beasts of 
prey) to ichelp ; 6. (of asses, mares) to 
foal; 7. (of bears, foxes, tigers, whales) 
to cub ; 8. (of d(igs) to wimp ; to pnp ; 

9. (of goats, slifi-iO to yean ; 10. (of lion- 
esses) to whelp ; mcttre a , to pull 
dmcn ; tenir , 1. to keep dmcn; 2. 
to keep under ; lo feii,(nav. command.) 
leave offflrinrr .' 

BAS"[bB] n. in. stocking. 

bleu, blue = (a literary woman); 
6^,"W,' drapys milled ^=^. a cotes, 
Hhhed r= ; h jour, open-^corked =;. 
M ilier a , = -frame ; tisserand en , 
=7: -weaver ; vcndeur de , hoxier. 

BASALTK [ba-zal-i] n. m. (min.) Ita- 

BASALTIQUE [ba-zai-ti-k] adj. (min.) 

BASANE [ba-ia-n] n. f. 1. sheep- 
leather ; sJteep's leat/i^r ; 2. (bind.) 

BASANE, E [ba ia-n] adj. aun-bumt; 
nrart/iy, tutcny. 

Un pen , Mcarthiah. Couleur e, 
VcartliinexH. b"un teint , mcarthily. 

BASANITE [] n. (min.) ba- 
tanite (touchstone). 

BASCl'LE [b-ku-i] n. f. 1. see-saw; 
I. rocking; 8. weighing-machine; i. 
weigh-bridge ; weighing-machine; 5. 
(of a ilraw-liridge) plyer ; 0. (did.) recip- 
rocating motion ; 1. (of cradles) /cici"e/' ; 
9. (loek.) lerer ; 9. ([ilay) see-suw. 

Cliaiw a . rocking chair; clieval ft , 
rocking horxe ; pmit a , weigli^bridge, 
iceig/i ing-miich ine. Faire la , to see- 
saw ; to Kee-Kinr up and doicn. 

BAS-DKSyUS [U-df-u] n. m. (mus.) 
y. Dkssl's. 

BASK [bA-z] n. f. 1. 1 base; basis; 2. 
% foundation ; ground-work; ground- 
plot; 8. (arch.) h,txe ; 4. (arts) base; 5. 
(buil.L )/oo< , 6. (build.) toc>i-,- 7. (chem.) 
basis ; 8. (of logarithms) radix ; 9. 
(sciences) haxe. 

des fondations, (cngin ) footing. 
('onstitnant la , basal ; relatif ft la , 
t-asal. Sans , ( V. senses) baseless. 

BASKLI.E ri-.*-i] n. f. (bot) Mala- 
^7; night-shiidc. 

BASER [ba-i*] v a. % (fiVK, on, upon) 
Ir I'ase ; to ground. 

So sur q. ch., to take c. th. as a ba- 
irn, grouKd-work. 

BAS FOND [ba-fon] n. m., pi, s, 1, 
}tit ; level ; 2. (nav.) shalloio water ; 

BASILAIUE [i-ii-U-r] adj. (anat) 
UkfiUir: liaxilary. 

BASII.IC fhariiik] n. m. 1. (bot) ba- 
ilt; 2. (ri\>.)fiaxillsk. 

BAS I LI CON [ba-iilikfln] BASILI- 
CIJM Ikoiii] n. III. (pliarm.) basilicum. 

BASILIQl'E [tarilik] n. f. . basi- 
f.- I imllira ; pile ; 2. (aiiat) basilic , 


basilica ; 8. s, (pi.) (law) basilic con- 

En forme de , (arch.) basilic ; hasi- 

BASILIQUE, adj. (anat) basilic; ba- 

BASIN [ba-iin] n. m. dimiU/. 

BASOCHE [btt-io-ii] n. t basoche 
(_iurisdiction of the clerks of solicitors to 
the parliament of Paris). 

BASQUE [ba-k] n. skirt (ol a gar- 

fttre tcu jours pendn a la , ne pas 
quitter la de q. u., to be ahcays run- 
ning after a. o. 

BAS-RELIEF [ha-rs-liif] n. m,, p- -^ 
(scul|).) bas-w-relievo ; hass-relief, 

B.ASSE [ba-] n, (mas.) bam; base, 

continue, continued, thorough = ; 

contre , doidile bass ; de viole, 

(mus.) bass-viol; violoncello. 

BASSE, n, f (nav.) 'i.Jat; shoal; 2. 
ridge of sand-banks, sing, ; rocks with 
bretikers, pi. 

BASSE-CONTRE [] n, . pi, 
Basses-cotee, (mus.) base-counter ; 
lower tenor. 

BASSE-COUR [bi-s-kour] n. 1. court- 
yard; 2. inner-court; 3. (agr.) potd- 

BASSEMENT rba-t-man] adv, 1, 
meanly; 2. sordidly ; basely; vilely. 

BASSESSE [ba-.i-8] n. C 1, loicness ; 
meanness ; 2, 2fu), m^an action ; 3. 
(h. s.) sordidness ; baseness; vileness; 

4. base, vile, sordid action. 
BASSET [bi-se] n, m. (mam.) 1, Ur- 

rier ; 2. turnpit. 

a iambes torses, turnspit. 
BASSE-TAILLE [ba-, ta-i*] n. f pi. 

Basses-tailles, 1. (sculp.) basso-relievo; 
bass-relief; 2. (vocal mus.) bass; base. 

BASSE-TEERE [ba-n^-r] n. , pi. 
Basses-terres, (nav.) leeicard coast. 

BASSETTE [ba-se-t] n. (play) basset. 

BASSIN [ba-Bin] n. m. 1. basin (kind 
of dish) ; 2, basin (reservoir) ; 8. (of a 
balance) scale; 4. (of a harbor) haven ; 

5. (anat) pelvis ; basin ; 6. (geog., geol.) 
basin; 7, (Jewish ant) laver ; 8. 
(found,, glass,, hat) basin ; 9. (mining) 
basin ; repository ; 10. (nav.) dock. 

de depot, slime-pit; d'echouage, 
dry dock ; a &ot. floating, wet dock ; 
de radoub, graving, repairing dock. 
Droit de , (nav.) dock-due ; vanne de 
, (engin.) dock-gate. Con\ erti en , 
busined. Cracher au , to contribute ; 
mcttre dans le , (nav.) to dock. 

BASSINE [ba-.i-n] n, (arts) pan 

BASSINER [ba-ai-n6] V. a. 1. to icarm 
(a bed) ; 2. to wet (with warm water) ; 8. 
to foment (diseased parts); 4. (Iiort) to 

BASSINET [ba-8i-ni] n. m, 1. (of fire- 
arms) pan ; fire-pan; priming -puin ; 
2. (anat) calya; ; 3. (bot) lesser spear- 
icort; creeping crmc-foot. 

Mettre la poudre au , dans It ~, to 
prime (fire-arms). 

BASSINOIRE [ba-.i-t.oa-r] n. warm- 

BASSON [ba-ion] n. m. (mu&) 1. (th.) 
bassoon ; 2. (pers.) bassoonists 

BASTE [bas-t] n. m. (cards) basto. 

BASTfi [bB-te] int pshaw! nonsense! 

BASTER rba.-tf] V, n, + to suffice. 

BASTERNE [ba-t^r.n] n, t bastem 
(car drawn by oxen). 

BASTIDE [iia-ti-<i] n, 1. country- 
seat {m the South of France); 2. t/o/"- 

BASTILLE rb.-..-ti-i*] n. 1. \ for- 
tress ; 2. Bastille (state pri.son in Paris), 

BASTINGAGE [ ba.-iin-ga-j ] n, m, 
(nav.) 1. barritading ; 2, luUing. 

Filets de , (pi.) netting. 

BASTINGUE [ba.tin-g] a C (nav.) 
quarter-n ettin g. 

BASTINGUER [baa-tin-gb*] V. a. (nav.) 
to barricade. 

Se BA8TINGUEB, pr, V, (nav.) to barri- 

BASTION [bac-ti-6n] n. m. (mil.) bas- 

casemate, ^ irith casemates. 

BASTIONNfi, E [ba.-ti.o-n6] adj, (mlL, 
icith bastions. 

BASTONNADE [ba.-to-na-dl n. f. bas 
tinado ; cudgellinj. 

Donner la a, fc bastinado ; to end 

BASTRINGUE [baa-trin gj n. m. \ 
picblie house ball. 

BASTUDE [ba.-ia-d] n fishing rut 
(for salt-water), 

BAT [bat] n. m, t tail (of a fish). 

Avoir . , , de , (of fish) to be ... lonj 

BAT [ba] n, m. pack-saddle. 

Cheval de , puck-liorse. Mettre un 

a, to put a pack-saddle on ; oter ol 

ft, to take a %t'<:k-saddlefrom,; sn- 
voir oil le blesst %, \ to ktww where 
tlie slioe pinches. 

Bat, ind. pres. 8d sing, of Battke, 
BATACLAN [ba-ta-klan] n. m, ^T" 

luggage : ^ things ; -f- traps. 

BATAILLE [ba-ta-i*] n. f 1, battle; 
2. battle-array ; array, order of bat- 
tle ; 3. (cards) beggar my neighbor. 

Grande , great battle ; navalc^ 
sea engagement,fight ; naval engage- 
ment; rangee, pdtched =;, Champ 
de , field of z=:; z::z -field ; ** war- 
field ; cheval de , (V. Cheval) 1, 
charger ; * tcar-steed ; ** battle-steed ; 
2. ^ chief hope; strong-hold ; corpo 
de , 1. (mil.) inain body ; 2. (nav.) (pi 
a fleet) centre ; ordre de , = array. 
De , 1. of-=^ ; = ; 2, embattled ; en ordre 
de . (mil.) in == array ; in order of 
=, Donner, livrcr , to give =;; livrer 

pour q. u, , to take up the cudgels 
for a. o.; livrer une , to fight a =; 
l)rosenter la , to ojer = ; ranger en . 
en ordre de , to draw up in order of 
= ; * to embattle; se ranger eu , en 
ordre de , to draw up in = array ; 
to embattle. 

S.-n. Bataili.e, CO.MBAT, The hataWe (baift) 
is a general action, usually prectded by B'lme jire- 
paratiim ; the combat (ccmiliut) is a particular ac- 
tion, and i. often unexpected. The aoii-ns that 
t^iok p'ace between the Romans and Canhagini 
an. were batai/Ut; btit the enc.unter in wiiic! 
the II. rati! and Curiatii decided the fate of Rvwk 
waa a romAat, 

BATAILLER [ba-ta-id*] v, n, 1, + J te 
give battle; 2. to battle; to struggle. 

BATAILLEU-E, SE [ba-ta-ieiir, eii-z*} 
adj. ^ disputatious. 

BATAILLON [ba-ta-ion*] n. m. 1, 
(mil.) battalion ; 2. (mil.) squadron (ol 
infantry); 8. I * s, ranks; squad- 
rons; army; host; 4. (b. 8.) regi- 
ment (number), 

carre, (mil,) square. Chef de , 
major; ecole de , battalion drill; 
rang de chef de , majority. 

BATARD, E [ba-tar,d] adj, 1, I bas- 
tard ; spurious ; misbegotten ; 2. S 
bastard ; spurious ; degenerate ; 8. (ol 
animals) of a miared breed ; 4, (of dogs) 
mongrel ; 5. (of writing) inclined ; 6. 
(bot) bastard. 

Declarer , to bastardize. 

B,\TARD, n. m. E, n. bastard. 

En , 1. as, like a bastard ; 2. bac- 

bATARDE [ba-ur-d] n. 1, bastard; 
2, inclined renting. 

BATARDEAU [batar-dft] n, m. 1. (en- 
gin.) coffer-dam ; 2, (fort) batardeau. 

BATARDIERE [ba-tar-diir] n. (agr,) 
cutting, slip of a grafted tree. 

B.VTARDISE fba-tar-di-i] n, batr- 

tardism ; bastardy. 

BATATE [ba-to-t] n, (bot) Span/4Jt 

BATAVE [ba-u-v] p. n. m. BiOcot- 
an ; native of Holland. 

BATAVE, adj. Batavian; Dutch. 

BATAVIQUE [ ba-ta-vik ] a/lj, Z 

BATAYOLE [ba-t-io-l] n. C (nnv.) 

8 pourlebastlngage, (pi.) barricade, 

B.VTEAU [ba-i6] n. m. 1, boit; i 
wherry; 8. (of balloons) car; 4, (ol 
carriage.*) frame-^cork. 

Petit , cock-bout; brise-elaoft. 
(engin.) ice--=; lesteur, I i~>,ast-light- 
er; peclienr, fihing-v=. smack, 
wherru : pHote, '.aav.) }>ifot-i 




ixijofite; ujeu; eujiruic; eiipiim; an pan; in pin; oh lion; w?ibrnr; llliq. ; go Uq. 

plttt,^^' ; non pont6, open, = ; ra- 
pide, /((, sioift r= ; traincau, ice-= ; 
volant, car (of a balloon) ; d'agro- 
ment, (le pionienado, pleasure--=; do 
nassaye, toherry ; de provisions, (nav.) 
onmhoat; u ra.m6,roio-bo(it ; de 
transport, icafter; a vapeur, atnamer; 
sUain-=. ; a vapeur anno en guerre, 
(iHV.) armed steamer ; a voiles, sail- 
coat. Constructeur de x, = nnlder ; 
rjnnf traction de yL, -^-huilding ; con- 
Vfil de X, train qf=^; hanger a , =- 
'vr.Lsa. Navigable pour , hoatahle. 
Ocnime an , like a =: ; * =i-like ; =:- 
trfee , en , 1. in a-=- 1. an, like a = ; 
z=-like ; en non ponte, in an open = ; 
n\ forme de , =^-shaped. Porter , 
(of rivers), to be navigable ; remonter 
en , to ascend in a=z; to boat up ; 
transporter par , to convey by =; to 

BATELAGE [ba-t-la-j] n. m. boating. 

Frais de , boat-hire. 

BATELAGE, n. m. I juggling ; leger- 

BATELT5:E [ba-t-i^l n. f. boat-load. 

BATELET [bn-t-ie] n. m. little boat. 

BATELEU-K [ba-t-leur] n. m. SE [eu-z] 

11. f. 1. 1i juggler ; 2. i tumbler; 3. buf- 
Faire le ^, to play the buffoon. 
BATELIEli [ba-t8-ll^] n. m. '; 

BATELliiRE [ba-w-iU-r] n. t woman 
that roics a boat. 

BATEK [ba-t6] V. a. to put a pack- 
saddle mi ; to saddle. 

BATI [ba-ti] n. m. 1. (arch.) light 
building; 2. (cabinet-making) /ranie; 
8. (need.) tacking ; 4. (tail.) basting. 

BATIjSE [ba-ti] n m. pack-saddle 

BATIFOLAGE [ba-ti-fo-la-j] n. m. 1 
ramping ; play 

BATIFOLER [ba-ti-fo-I] v. n. 1 to 
xr^p ; to plat/. 

BATIFOLEUR [ba-ti-fo-ieiir] n. m. t 

BATIMENT [ba-ti-man] n. m. 1. build- 
'A\,g (edifice); 2.* eiHfice; structure; 
pile ; 8. (coin, nav.) ship ; vessel ; bot- 

hm ; 4. (nav.) (comp.) . . . man ; 7n<in 

s civils, (of dock-yard.s) store-houses, 
eh^ds; niarcliand[, du commerce, 1. 
tnerchant-ship ; merchant-man ; 2. pri- 
vate ship ; i)arlementaire, (nav.) flag 
of truce; de guerre, (nav.) man., ship 
of war ; de mer, sea-going ship; 
d'observation, look-oiit ship ; de pro- 
pricto c'trangore, (com. nav.) foreign 
bottom; 4 rames, row-boat; de 
servitude, dock-yard boat ; de trans- 
port, transport; transport-.ship ; i 
vapeur, steamer ; steam-ship ; steam- 
vessel; a vapeur arm6 en guerre, 
(nav.) armed aUamer. Armer, (^-quiper 
un , to M out a ship ; congedier I'e- 
quipage dun , to pay of a ship. 

BATIR [ba-tir] v. a 1.' J to build ; 2. 1 
to construct ; to erect ; 8. to build ; to 
estahlish ; to raise : to rest ; 4. to get up 
(a fable, a story) ; ^ to trump up ; 5. (of 
birds) to build (a nest) ; 6. (need.) to 
tack ; 7. (tail.) to liaste. 

sur le devant, 1. to buildin front ; 
^- 5 to grow stout, bulky. A , 1. to 
build ; 2. to be built; 3. imbuilt. k 
ct;au\ et a ciment , to =: upon a rock. 
Bati, k, pa. p. ( V. senses of Batir) 
(jten.) formed ; shaped; made. 

Bien , ( V. senses) (pers.) weU-mnde; 
mal , ( V. senses) (pers.) ill-made. 
Non , ( V. sense.s) unbuilt. Voila 
oomme je suis bati ^ , Viat is my tem- 

BATIS [bati] n. m. (arch.) light build- 

AtISSE [ba.ti-s] n. building (with 
'Ogard to the masonry). 

BATISSEUR [i,H-ti-8eur] n. m. t (b. s.) 
tiui/der ; person that luis a mania for 

fitre un .; and , to have a mania for 

BATISTE fba-t:.-t] n. f. cambric. 

De , caiiiliric. 

BAtON [ba wt] n. m. 1 j stick ; 2 II rfc: 
fcuinxirt; sU(ff, 3. I staff; prop; sup- 

port ; 4. I (for attack) cudgel ; 5. |1 (for 
attack) club ; 6. || staff (of office); tiand; 
baton; 7. (of banners, flags) staff; 8. 
(of bisliops) crosier ; 9. (of chairs) .iplat ; 
10. (of a flcld-marshal) truncheon; ba- 
t(in ; 1 1. (of parrots) perch ; 12. (writing) 
straight stroke ; 13. (nav.) staff. 

1. Ojup lie , b!uw with a stick ; un de cire, a 
stick of aea'ing-wax. 3. Le de la vieillesae, (At 
staff, jtrop of o.'d age. 

a deux bouts, quarter-staff; de 
conimandement, \. =^ of command ; 2. 
truncheon ; 3. (nav.) = ; ensign- = ; 

de defense, stick for defence; 
d'enseigne, (nav.) flag- =: ; de garde 
forestier, de gardien de pare, quarter- =^ ; 

de marcchal, 1. | marshal's trun- 
cheon ; 2. general's truncheon ; 
de Napier, (math.) Napier's bones. 
Coup de , bloxo with a stick ; blow ; 
coups de , bloics, pi. ; cudgelling, 
sing. ; jeu du , cudgel-play ; cudgel- 
playing ; loi du , club-law ; tour de 
, secret, unlaicful profit (of a servant, 
or person in ottice); voice de coups ile 
, cudgelling. A Teprcuve du , cud- 
gel-proof; a s roiiipus, 1. desul-iory ; 
2. desultorily ; by flts and starts ; by 
starts; ^ on and off; en , 1. in a 
stick ; 2. like a stick. Le blanc a la 
main, poor ; destitute. Battre I'cau avec 
un *[, to have one's labor for one's 
pains ; chasser q. a a coups de , to 
cudgel a. o. atcay ; donner un coup de 

a, to strike wWi a stick ; to give 
(a. o.) a bloto ; jete^ mottre des s dans 
la roue, to put a spoke in the xcheel ; 
to throw difficulties, impediments, ob- 
stacles in t/ie way ; joiior du , to ha%i- 
dle t/ie=z; lAcher le de commande- 
ment, to give the staff out of o.'s own 
hands; monter a cheval sur un , to 
ride on a stick; faire moiirir sous le , 
to beat to death ; sauter le , to do a. 
'Ji. in spite of o.'s teeth 

BATONN'AT [ba-io-na] n. m. func- 
tions of batonnier (president elect of the 
order of barristers). 

BATONNER [ba-to-n*] V. a. 1. 1 to 
bastinade ; to bastinado ; ^ to cudgel; 
|ay to drub ; 2. to cancel ; to cross 
off, out ; to erase. 

d'importance, to cudgel soundly. 
Personne qui batonne, cudgeUer. 

BATON NET [ba-to-n6] n. m. 1. small 
stick ; 2. (lilay) cat ; tipcat. 

BATONNIER [b.a-to-nie] n. m. 1. staff- 
bearer; wand-bearer (of a, comjiany); 
2. batonni-er (president elect of the order 
of barristers). 

BATONNISTE [ba-to-nis-tj n. m. cjid- 
gel-pla i/er. 

BATRACIIITE [ba tra-.hi-t] n. f. (min.) 

BATRACIEN [ba-tr .i In] n. m. (erp.) 
batrachian; s, (jd.) batrachians ; 

Des s, batrachian. 

Bats, ind. pres. 1st, 2d sing , impera. 
2d sing, of Battkr. 

BATTAGE [ba-ta-j] n. m. 1. (agr.) 
tlirashing ; 2. (metal.) striking; 3. 
(tech.) beating. 

Aire de , (tech.) striking-fli,or. 

Battais, ind. imperf. 1st, M sing, of 

BATTANT [ba-tan] n. m. 1. (of bells) 
clapper ; 2. (of doors) leaf; 3. (nav.) of 

A deux s, (of doors) folding ; two- 

Battamt, pres. p. 

BATTANT, E [ba-tan, t] adj. 1. (of doors) 
stcing ; 2. (of ram) pelting ;' 8. (of looms) 
in employment ; If at icork ; 'p^~ go- 
ing ; 4. (nav.) (of ships) /?</<)/ battle. 

, tout neuf, ^^~ bran, span 

BATTANT L"(EIL [ba-tan-len-i*] n. ra., 
pi. , di.'ihabille cap. 

BATTE [ba-t] n. f. 1. beater (thmg); 

2. wooden sicord ; sicord ; 3. washing- 
board ; 4. (hort.) turf-beetle. 

a benrre. churn-staff. 

Baite, subj. pres. 1st, 3d sing, of Bat- 

BATTELLEMENT [ba-ti-l-min] n. m. 
{&rv\\.) projecting roof. 

BATTE.MENT [ba-t-mnn] n. m. 1. bmt 
ing ; 2. beat ; 8. (of the arteries, henn 
pulse) throb ; throbbing ; 4. (of the feetj 
stamping ; 5. (of the liands) clapping ; 
6. (of the heart) panting ; pant ; 7. (o' 
wings) flapfdng ; 8. (cards) shuffling 
9. (dans.) battement ; 10. (horol.) omU 

irrc'gulier, (of the jmlse) flutter. 
BATTERIE [ba-t-ri] n l". ^flght 7. 

^p~ scuffle ; 8. (of drums) beating ; 4. 
(of portable fire-arms) hammer ; 5. (ftr- 
til.) battery; 6. (artil.) par* (of artil- 
lery); 7. (hat.) battery; S. (mus.) beat- 
ing; 9. (elect) battery; 10. (nav.J 
buttery; 11. ijiav.) broadside ; 12. (nav.) 
(of guiis) tier ; 13. (phys.) battery. 

basse, premiere, (nav.) lower tier; 
noyee, (nav.) lower-deck buttery. 
a coups de poing, boxing-bout ; de 
campagnc, field-battery ; de cuisine, 
(sing.) coppers; coppers and tins; 
kitchen-utensils, pi. Avoir ... de , 
(nav.) (of a ship) to carry her loicest 
gnn-deck-ports ... above the surface of 
th^ water; changer de , changer sea 
B, to change o.'s battery ; demonter 
!a , les s de q. u., to disconcert a. 
o.'s plans; to frustrate a. o.'s schemes; 
dresser tme , to erect, plant a battery. 

BATTEUR [bn-teur] n. m. 1. beater; 
2. (a. & m.) beater; 3. (hunt.) beater up. 

dcstrade 1, traveller on the high-- 
road ; tie for 5, inveterate swords- 
man ; d'or, gold-beater ; en grange, 
(agr.) thrasher; de pave 1, idler, 
lounger (in the streets); ^ gadabout. 

Battis, ind. prct, 1st, 2d sing, of Bat- 

Battit, int. pret 3d sing. 

Battit, subj. inipeif. 3d sing. 

BATTOIR [ba-toar] n. m. 1. battle- 
door ; 2. (of washerwomen) beetle ; i. 
(tennis) racket. 

BATTOLOGIE [bt-to-lo-jP n t . 

Battons, ind. i^res. & imperjk, lt*t f I 
of Battre. 

Battrai, ind. fut. 1st sing. 

Battrais, cond. 1st, 2d sing. 

BATTRE [ba-tr] v. a. irreg. (uattant, 
battu; ind. pres. hats; nous hattons) 
1. II to beat; 2 J to cudgel; j^" to 
tJirash; E^~ to drub ; 3. 1 to batter; 
4. II to be<tt; to defeat ; to worst; 5. .*o 
beat against; to icash; 0. II to beut'j,p 
(in order to mix); 7. to shuffle (cards); 8. 
to beat out (corn, etc.); 9. to beat (a 
drum); 10. to swingle (flax); 11. to strike 
(a flint, a stone); 12. to drive (piles) ; 18. 
to beat about, up (a forest, a plain, a 
wood); 14. to tew (hemp); 15. to churn 
(milk); 16. (agr.) to thrash; 17. (a. & ra.) 
to beat; IS. (man.) to whip (a horse); 
19. (metal) to strike; 20. (nnis.) to beat; 
21. (nav.) to flag against (a mast); 22. 
(tricktrack) to gammon. 

5. Lea vaf^uca hattent ce rocher, t/ie wavn bent 
a;jainat Mw rock. 

fort, to beat hard; rudement, 
comme il faut II, to =; soundly ; tout 
bleu II, to = black and blue ; a plate 
couture , to = hollow ; to = all to n o- 
tliing ; domme platre ||, to =, ^ptfT" to 
pommel to a mummy ; le for, to be 
in Vie practice of fencing ; le pays 
pour, to = up for ; en refus, jusqu'i 
refus tie mouton, (build.) to drive home ; 
en ruine, 1. II to batter down; 2. .' 
run (a. o.) doicn. Commencer h, , (of 
drums) to strike up. Machine h, , 
(tech.) beater ; machine 4 le ble, (ngi.) 

Battu, e, pa. p. {V. senses of B-.ttke') 
1. (of the eyes) heavy ; 2. (of roadt>) 

Non , 1. II unbeaten -l. \ % uTibrur 
tered; 3. unbeaten; undefeated ; ufy- 
foiled ; 4. (of a path, road) unbeaten ; 
untrod ; untrodden ; unicorn ; un- 
true ed ; untracked ; ** unpathed; E, 
(build.) undriven. 

Se battke, pr V. 1. to fi^tii ; 2. ^ Jc 
have a fight. 

ferine, to fight hard. a\ Jutl, to 
=: a duel. 

Syn. Battrk, frapi-er. Baftre (to beat) im 
plies redoiibleil blown, f rapper (to tirikl) li t< 
^ive a single blow. One canncl b^ Acftu (trnittni 





araal; <imalo; ^foo; ^ftvo; eiote; /jo;iil; tile; omol; ()moIp; <5mcrt; w ,uc; usure; oitjour; 

without bt'ing: frajipi (strurk) ; but one is often 
/^ppi {.Hrniik) witluuit being: hatttt {beaten). The 
Wronger bat (beats) tlie more feeble ; the ni* st \ i - 
lent frapfe (atril'ea) first. One never bat {buitu) 
lot with design; one sometimes /ru/i/'e {ttrikes) 
by accident. 

BATTKE, V. n. irrcg. (conj. like Bat- 
TRE) 1. II to beat; 2. to beat down ; to 
i'nil ; 8 (of the lioart) to beat; to paipi- 
ta'.e; to throb ; 1 to go pit-a-pat; 4. (of 
lhk> h3aH) to patit ; 6. (of a liorso-slioe) 
U? be loose ; C. (of the pulsf) to beat ; to 
Iti^'ob ; 7. (of (Iniiiis) to beat; 8. (nav.) to 
fl tg (against a mast). 

I'. I.e s'pleil bat a plonib su! nos t^tes, the Mn*a 
fl(/f Irtll perpenc ica/arfif ttpim our /teads. 

fort, 1. to beat hard; 2. (of the 
heart, imlse) to = hir/h ; to throb fast. 

lies ailes, (V. Aii.e) ; aux champs, 
(mil.) to = a salute ; fiuIJ a q. u., to 
be cold to a. o. ; *i to tip a. o. the cold 
shoulder. des mains, ( V. Main) ; 
eu rctraite, (F. Retraite). 

Battc, e, pa. p. of Battke. 
BATTUE [ba-tu] n. f (hunt.) baUue. 
Lieu de la , (hunt.) beat. Faire une 

dans', to beat (a wood). 
BATTURK [ba-iil-r] n. f. i. (fixii) mor- 
dant, gold -size ; 2. {ua.\\)flat; shallow ; 
reef; sand-bank. 

BAU [b6l n. m. (nav.) beam. 
Grand, nuiitre , midship =:; de 
pent, deck =. 

BAUBIS [b5-bi] n. m. hound (for 
fo.xes, hares, and wild boars). 

BAUD [bfi] n. m. (hunt.) Barbanj 
hound: staff-hound. 

BAUDET [b6-d6] n. m. 1. donkey; 
jackass ; 2. (pers.) ass ; stupid ass. 

BAUDIR [ho-dir] V. a. (Iiunt.) 1. to ex- 
cite (the dogs); 2. (hy the voice) to hal- 
loo on. 

BAUDRIER [bf.-drif] n. m. cross-belt; 
af;:iUder-belt ; belt; baldrick. 

BAUDRUCIIE [b6-dru-6h] n. f. gold- 
ixiter's skin. 

BAUr.E [M-j] n. r. 1. (of wild boars) 
i/jtlf ; 2. (irias.) piiffging-mortar ; stuff. 
BAUGUK [bo-g] BAUQUK [b6-l<]' n. 
E cea ti'eed (on the shores of the Medi- 

BAUME [bi-m] n. m. 1. ! balm; 
balsam ; 2. (hot.) irdnt; 3. (pharni.) bal- 

blanc, vrai, de Gil6ad, de Judiie, de 
T.evant, do la .Mecque, do Syrie, (pliarm.) 
b'.ilsam ofGilead, nf Mecca, of the Le- 
vant ; sec, concrete ; solid =: ; vert 
(bot.) spear-mint; a letat taturel, 
natural =; do copahu, = of capita, 
copaiba ; dn Perou, Peruvian =, = 
Peru; blanc du Perou, (pharm.) tcfiite 
etorax; faux du Peron, (hot.) blue 
melilot. Bois de , = wood, fttre un 
pour, servir de a, to balm; doimer 
le , to be balmy. 

[bai-ia-inii] n. ui. (bot.) balsam-shrub ; 
balsam-tree; balm-tree; blue melilot. 
BAUQUE [bfi.k] n. f. V. Baijgub. 
BAUQUIERE [b6-ki-J-r] n. (nav.) 

BAVARD, E [ba-var, d] ddj. 1. talka- 
'/tve ; garridous ; loquacious ; prating; 
prattling ; twattling ; 2. ** blabbing. 
BAVARD, n. m. E, n. ^ 1. prater; 
prattler ; 2. 5 blab. 
En , pratingly. 

BAVAKDAGE [ba-var-da jl n. m. 1. 
{/ilkativeness ; garrulity; loquacity; 
B. talk ; prate ; prattle ;' hcattling. 

BAVARDEU [ba-var-d**] V. n. 1. to 
Ui'Jc ; to prate ; to prattle ; to twattle ; 
2. ic bl(W ; to let o.'s tongue run ; 3. 
(ri, . . .) to blab ; to blab out. 

B^VARDERIE [i-var-ds-ri] n. ^ 1. 
(n'A Ui/veneM ; garrulity; loquacity; 
h Udk : prate ; prattle ; twattle. 

Ba V AKDIN [b var-din] n. m. E [i-n] 
* V. Bavari). 

RAVARDINER [ba-vor-di-nS] t n. X 
V' Uilk ; to pj'ate ; to prattle. 

BA VARDI5 1<: [ba-var-dii] n. Xprate; 

BAVAROIS E [ba-TB roa, z] p. n. 111. t 

k od). Bavarian. 

BAVAR0I8E [ba-va-.M.] 1. f. bava- 
roiiie (kind of milk posett). 

BAVE [ba-v] n. 1. drivel; slaver; 
2. (of animals)ybr(i , 8. (of 8nails)sfene. 

Couvrir de , to slaver; to slabber; 
to beslabber. 

BAVER [ba-v] V. n. 1. to dritel; to 
slaver; to slabber; 2. (sur, ...) to 

BAVETTE [bn-vJ-t] n. bib. 

tAre a la , to be in one's infancy ; 
tailler dcs s, to gossip. 

BA VEUSE [bn-veii-.'] n. (ich.) blewny. 

BAVEU-X, SE [ba-veii, eu-r] adj. 
drivelling ; slabbering. 

Omelette ba\eusc, soft omelette. 

BAVEU-X, n. m. SE, n. driveller ; 
slaverer; sluhberer. 

BAVOCli:^, E [ba-vo-sh6] adj. (engr.) 

BAVOCIIER [ba-Toeh(5] V. n. (engr.) to 
render uneven. 

BA VOCIIURE [ba-vc .hiir] n. (engr.) 

BAVOLET [ba-vo-i6] n. m. peasant's 

BAVURE [bn-vu-r] n. 1. sea..i (left 
by a mould); 2. (of earthenware) J/iister; 
8. (metal.) chipped edge. 

BAYAD/iRE [ba-ia-di-r] n. Baya- 

BAYART [ba-inr] n. m. hand-barrow. 

BAYER [b6-ia] V. n. t 1. 1 to gape; 2. 
(avrks) to long {for) ; to hanker 

au.\ corneilles, aux mouchcs, to 
gape in the air. 

BAYEU-R [b6-ieur] n. m. SE [eu-i] n. 
t gaper. 

BAVONNETTE [ba-io-ne-t] n. V. 

B.\ZAC [ba-zak] n. m. baza ; bazut 
(Jerusalem cotton). 

BAZAR [ba-zar] n. m. bazar. 

BDELLIUM [bdJ-Ii-om] n. m. (pharm.) 

BJ^ANT, E [b6-an, t] adj. 1. gaping; 
yawning ; 2. open. 

Avoir la boucho e, etre la bouche 
e, to gape. 

BfiAT [bd-a, t] n. m. E, n. 1. devoid, 
pious, religious person ; 2. 4. (b. s.) 
sanctimonious person. 

WkkT, E, adj. (b. s.) sanctimonious. 

B]i;ATIFICATION [b-a-ti e-ka-sion] n. 

B1?;ATIFIER [b-a-ti-fi-] V. a. to bea- 

iS^ATIFIQUE [b^-a-ti-fik] adj. bea- 

D'lme>re , beatiflcally. 

BISATILLES [b-a-ti-i*] n. dainties 
(for meat-pies, stews, etc.), pi. 

BEATITUDE [bd-a-ti-tn-d] n. beati- 

BEAU, BEL, BELLE [b6, bM, bil] 
adj. 1. II % fine ; beautiful; lovely; * 
fair; ** beauteous; 2. || handsome ; 
3. II elegant; t smart; 4. /, lofty; 
ele/vated ; noble: 5. fine) glorious; 
honorable; 6. (k) fit (for); proper 
{for) ; becoming {in) ; suitable {to) : 7. 
fine; good ; fortunate; lucky; 8. (h. s.) 
fine; great; good; 9. (iron.) (b. s.i 
fine {h&O); pretty ; 10. (of the weather) 
fine; fair; beautiful; 11. (e.vp'etive) 
. . . ; 12. {a.Tt&)fine; 13. (comp.) step (by 

i:i. Un -tils, une &e//-fiIle, a step-on, a step- 

Charles le Bel, (Fr. hist.) Charles the 
Fair; Philippe le Beau, (hist) Philip 
the ffandsome, (father of Charles V.) ; 
Philippe le Bel, (Fr. hist.) Philip the 
Fair : le inonde, the fashionatile 
world; le &?\o, the fair sex. Bel et 
bon, very good, icell. Avoir Tair , to 
look, beautiful, avoir Ics arnies belles, 
to fence well ; I'avoir beau, belle, to have 
a favorable, fine opportunity ; fitre , 
to look beautiful ; devenir , to become, 
to get handsome , Ctre belle au coflVe, to 
have golden charms ; faire , 1. to look 
smart; I. to be agreeable (to); 8. (of 
the weather) to be fine ; to be fine xoeath- 
er ; so faire , 1. to get handsome ; 2. 
to look smart ; to make o.'s self look 
smart; faire le flis, to set up for a 
bean; mettre au , (of the weather) 
to get fine; to clear up. -- comme un 

jour de PAques, comme un astre, aB.fl''( 
as five pence. ** A jeu, mirmr, 
one good turn deserves another. 

[litiL is now i.8'-d bel';re a vowel or a silei * i 
only, and in the masculine singular.] 

.S. Bbau, joli. The hiau (beautiful) ;i 
graiid, n. ble, regular, \i\\\v sing ; tlie/</f {jvrUt^-) ii 
delifute, teniinine, agreeable. The bean (beavti- 
ful) adrlresses itself to the soul ; the jnli ( pretty) 
to the senses. 


Bieii ct , bel et , bcl et Men, eii- 
tirely; quite; tout , fairly and iiofi- 
ly ; gently; de plus belle, I. again; 
anew ; over again ; 2. more than ever ; 
de plus en plus belle, worse and worse ; 
en , under a favorable aspect; on 
the .fair, bright side. Avoir (. .), to 
be u^el^ess, in vain (to); vous avez , 
it is useless, in vain for you (to). 

BEAU [bul n. m. 1. II good things; 
2. II bc-it; 8.'(b. B.) beau; fop; 4. (arts) 

3. F'aire le , to play the beau. 4. Avoir Pn- 
mour du , (" tiA)e the beautiful. 

Ive ideal, the beau ideal. 

REAUOOUP [b6-kou] adv. 1. (de,) 
much (...), sing.; many {...), pi,; a 
grettt, %. good deal {of), sing. ; a grexii 
many (...), pi. ; 2. much; far. 

de, much; many; a great deal 
<fi H " great stroke of. A prfcs, by 
a great dettl ; by far; near; de ,})y 
mu<i:, far. II s"cn faut de , very fai 
from if. 

BEAU-FILS [b6-fi, fis] n. m., pi 
Beaix-fils, step-son. 

BEAU-Flii;RE [b6-fr4-r] n. rn., pi 
Beaux-krkrbs, 1. step-brother; 2. bro 

BEAU-Pi:RE [b6-pJ-r] n, m.. p] 
Beaux-i'ebes, 1. step-father; 2. fat'ier 

BEAL'PRli [b6-pr<!] n. m. (tiav.; fyoto- 

M:"it de , = : = -mast. sur par pt<, 
(nav.) 1. close behind ; 2. in close line. 

BEAUT6 [b6-te] n. 1. !| beauty 
2. II % fineness ; lorelincss; * fairness ; 
* beauteouxuess ; 3. jj ^ handsomer(-i,i ; 
4. g elegance; ^ sxnartuess ; 5. %fin<s- 
nexs ; agreealleness ; pleasantness. 

Eau do , beauty-wash; grain, tache 
de , = -spot; miracle de , paragon 
of =, fttre dans touts sa , to be in 
o.'s prime. 

BEC [liek] n, m. 1. (of birds) beak; 
bill; 2. 1 (pers.) (b. s.) month; 8. (of 
fishes) snout; 4. (of insects) snout; 5. 
{of \&mi>s) burner ; socket; C. (of mugs) 
spout; 7. (of pens) nib; S. (Rom. ant.) 
rostrum (of a ship); 9. (hot.) leiik; It). 
(chein.) rostrum (of an alembic); 11. 
(conch.) beak; 12. (geog.) point (of 
land); 18. (gas-lighting) burner; 14. 
(nav.) (of anchors) //eV^ ; 15. {orn.) beak ; 

151anc , 1. IT beardless boi/ : young- 
ster: 2. iW (b. s.) green-horn; 3. 
(mil.) recruit; robuste, (orn.) strong 
bettk ; en ciseau, (orn.) ctd-ncaie.r ; 
skimmer. a oventail, (gas-ligliting) 
batwing-burner ; ct ongles || , tooth 
and nail. Coup de , 1. I bloiv icith 
the bill, beak; 2. !| by-stroke; ^ fling: 
tour de 1, kiss, -i- buss. A ' , (of 
birds) beaked ; billed ; i\ court, short- 
billed ; a long , long-billed. Anno 
de , (Rom. ant.) rostrate.; rostrated; 
am\6, muni d"un , beaked. Avoir 1^ 

bien eflile, to have a sharp tongue; 
avoir bon , to speak out; navoir quo 
son , 1. II to be all beak ; 2. (pers.) to 
be all tongue, tttlk ; avoir le ^ gel6 J, 
to be tongue-tied (silent) : cau.'^er .'i , 
to chat tete a tele; donner un coup da 

a, 1. II to peck; 2. to give a stroke 
to ; faire le in q. u. ^ , to give a. o. 
his cite; s'humecter le , -i- to wet f>.'.i 
tchistle; montrer a q. u. 8<.n jaune, 
to shoic a. o. his ignorance; pa,ssor la 
plume par le ii q. ts., to frustrate a. 
o.'s stroke ; percer a\ cc le , n cou|> 
do , to peck ; raimusscr avec le , to 
peck up ; saisir jiar le , to beak : so 
prendre de avec q. u., tohttvea quar- 
rel with a. 0. ; tenir q. u. le dar.s, J 
lean, to amuse, fatter a. o. iC'th f-Ux 

j lopes ; to keep a " !n. miKj en*,<i. 




o^joutc; eujeu; e;/ jiimc: eii. iii-ur; a;; pan; in jiin; ow bon ; n brim; *11 llq. ; *gn liq. 

BfiCABUNGA [b-ka-b6n-ga] n. in. 
fbot) becoa-hunya ; K Itfcer ; ^ brook- 
li/nis apeedioell. 

Veronique , laver. 

B6CAKEE [b6-ka-r] n. m. (inue.) nat- 

BilCXllUK adj. (mus.) natural. 

BAGASSE [bi-ka-] n. C 1. (orn.) 
wood-coat ; snipe ; 2. (per*.) snipe : 

do mcr, 1. (ich.) trwmpet-fsn ; i. 
(jrn.) ourleiB. Brider la . io o-atch 
the bird (person). 

B6CA8SEAU [bd-ka-o6] n. oi. (oru.) 
i. young wood-cock ; % sand-piper . 

brunette, variable, pigmy curlew ; 
(\-icoT\i, dunlin; purre. 

ii^CASSINE [b6-ka-.i-n] n. f. (orn.) 

Petite , (orn.) juddock. Tiror la , 
1. II to Hhoot snipes ; 2. to conceal o.'s 

BECCAKD [bj-kar] n. m. fetn ale sal- 

BEC-CKOISft [bck-croa-z6] n. m., pi. 
Becs-croises, (orn.) cross-bill. 

BEC-D"ANE [bek-da-n] n. m., pi. Becs- 
d'ane, mortise-c/iisel. 

BEC-DE-COliBIN [bi^k-dg-kor-bin] n. 
ui., nl. Beos-de-corisis, 1. (arts) bill- 
h-eaa; 2. i halberd; 8. (lech.) rippiny- 

A , (arts) bill-headed. 

BEC-DE-GRUE [bek-dis-ftru] n. m., pi. 
Beos-de-okuks, (bot.) stork's bill. 

BEO-DE-LliCVRE [bek-d6 lii-vr] n. 
m., pi. Becs-de-lievre, 1. hare-lip; 2. 
\ai e-lipped person. 

BECFIGUE [b6k-fi-g] n. m. (orn.) bec- 
ifico ; fid -pecker ; f titlark. 
' BEC-FIN [bfek-f In] n. m., pi. Becs- 
riNs, (orn.) (genus) xourbler. 

cisticole, fan-tail = ; fauvette, 
garden z=; philoinele, thnish-night- 
tngale ; pliraginite, sedge-bird, ^ ; 
E.'ftieur, icood-wren ; voloce, chijf- 
cha/f; verderolle, marsh =. 

Bechamel [b^-sha-m^i] n. r. (cuiin.) 


BfeCHAKU [b-8ha-ni] n. m. (orn.)/la- 

BECTIE [b{-.h] n. f. 1. spade; 2. (tech.) 

pleine, spadefid. 

BftCHEB [b6-8h6] V. a. to dig; to 

B^CIHQUE [bd..hi-k] adj. (med.) J-e- 
ddc ; pectoral. 

BftCHIQUE, n. in. (med.) bechic ; 

BECQUiSE, BfiQUI^E [bhVi, b-k6] 
lu f. beak/iU ; billfnl. 

ti6-k-t6] V. a. (of birds) to pick ; to peck. 

Oiscau qui becquote, pecker. 

Se bkocjueter, Se isequetesi, pr. v. 1. 
to peck each other ; 2. to bill. 

BEDAINE [bs-dJ-n] n. f. ^ (jest) 
jjaunch; corporation. 

Farcir sa , to stuff. 

BfeDANE [bd-da-n] n. ni. mortise- 


BEDEAU [b6-d6] n. m. 1. (of chiircli- 
es) beadle; 2. t (of universities) !ieadle. 

bt^:degar, [bs-d-gar] b6d6guar 

^bd-de-Kar] n. in. 1. (bot.) rose-guU ; 2. 
(I>bartn.) bedeguar. 

BEDON [b8-d6n^ n. m. 1. t drum^ 2. 
^ fat man. 

n^DOUIN [b-dou-m] p. n. m. (geog.) 
Sedan) n. 

BftDOUIN, B [b-dou-in, in] a.lj. Be- 

UflK [hi] adj.(of cask5)f)/),?n at one end. 

IJfeE, n. m. ba (bleating); baa. 

K.)nc.T, faire , to ba ; to baa. 

B6EU [b-] V. n. V. Bayer. 

BEFFUOI [b^.fvoa] n. m. 1. belfry; 
'idl-tower ; 2. alann-bell. 

[b4-gh6-mi'i.n] n. in. I. stammerltig ; stut- 
leiing ; 2. (med.) Htamm,ering. 

B15:GAYER [bA-gh-i] V. n. 1. || to 
lianvmer ; to stutter ; 2. II (of children) 
to lisp (to begin to speak) ; .3. to speak 
vaguely ; 4. (mod.) to stammer. 

Eu begayan* sijmmeringly ; stutter- 

liliGAYER, V. a. 1. to stammer; to out; to stutter; to stutter 
out; 2. (of children) to lisp (to begin to 

B6GI), E |b*-gii] adj. (of borses) that 
doefi^not mark o.'s age. 

BiCGUE [be-e]a(^. stammering ; stut- 

BEGUE, n. in. f. stammerer ; stut- 

BfiGUEULE [b6-gbeu-l] n. f. haughty 

B:^GUEULE, adj. haughtily prud- 

B1!:GUEULERIE [b-gheu-l-ri] n. f. 
tiaugJiti/ prudery. 

B^G'UIN [bA-gkin], n. m. E [ghi-n] n. f. 
1. (rel. ord.) beguin, m. ; beguine, f. ; 2. 
(b. s.) person superstitiously, puerilely 

BI'XJUIN [b6-ghTn] n. m. liggin. 

B6GUINAGE [b-ghi-ia-j] n. m. 1. 
convent of begvins; 2. superstitious, 
])uerile, affected devotion. 

Bfin^MOTH [bi-g-mo-t] n. m. behe- 

B6IIEX [bi-hn] n. m. (bot.) behen. 

blanc, white, bladder, cucubale = ; 
wJdte bottle ; bladder catch-fly. 

BEIGE [bJi-j] adj. (of wool) ofthenat- 
tiral color, 

BEIGE, n. f. unbleached serge. 

BEIGNET [b^-gni*] n. m. fritter. 

s aux poiiiines, apple-fritters. 

BEIRAM [b6-ram]. V. Baikam. 

BI^iJAUNE [b^-j6-n] n. m. 1. (hawk.) 
eyas ; 2. (pcrs.) ninny. 

Montrer a q. u. son , to show a. o. 
his ignorance. , 

BEL [bei]. r. Beait. 

BELANDKE [b6-lan-dr] n. f. (navig.) 

BftLANT, E [bMSn, t] adj. bleating. 

BftLEMENT [b^-i-man] n. m. bleat.^ 

Bl^LE.MNITE [b^-lim-ni-t] n. f. 1. 
(foss. concli.) belemnite ; 2. (foss.) dart- 

BftLER fbS-ld] V. n. to bleat. 

BELETTE [b6-U-i] n. f. (mam.) 1. 
jceasel; 2. ^fitchet ; foumart. 

BELGE [b^I-j] adj. Belgian. 

BELGE, n. in. f. Belgian. 

HELGIQUE [bul-ji-k] adj. Belgic. 

BfiLIER [b6-li^] n. in. 1. i-am ; 2. bat- 
tering-ram ; .3. (astr.) aries; ram. 

Iiydnuiliquc', water-ram ; A la 
sonnette, bell-irether. 

BI^lLlfcRE [bd-lie-r] n. f ring (of the 
clapper of a bell). 

BELtTUE [b6-li-tr] n. m. rascal; 
srofi/ndrel ; scamp. 

la-do-n, na] n. f. (bot.) bella-donua ; 
^ deadly night-shade. 

BELLATRE [bi-la-tr] aiy. of insipid 
bea uty. 

BELLATRE, n. m. insipid beauty. 

BELLE [bJ-l] n. f. 1. beauty; 2. fair 
.idy ; ** lady fair ; s, (pl.)/ir. 

La au bois dormant, tlie sleeping 
beautii in the tcoods. 

BELLE-DAME [be-l-da-m] n. f, pi. 
Bf.i.i.ks-da.mes, (bot.) V. Aukociie. 

BELLE-DE-JOUR [bJ,-l-d6-jonr] n. f., 
p!., (\mI.) convolvulus ; 
^ asphodel ; day-lily. 

BELLE-DE-NUIT [b5-l-d6-ni.i] n. f., 
pi., (bot.) vxarvel of 

BELLE-DTTN-JOUR [bi-l-dun-jour] n. 
f., pi. Bei.les-d'un-jouk, (bot.) day- 

BELLE-FILLE [bj-l-fi*] n. f., pi. 
BELLKS-KILLE.S, 1 step-daughter ; 2. 

BELLEMENT [U 1-man] adv. genUy 

BELLE-Mi;EE [bJ-1-mS-r] n. f., pi. 
Belles-meres, 1. step-inotlier ; 2. 7no- 

BELLE-S(EUR [be-l-eur] n. f, pi. 
Belles-sckurs, 1. step-sister ; 2. sister- 

BELLIG:fiRANT, E [Wl-Ujirin, t] adj. 

Puissance e, power =. 

BELLIQUEU-X, SE [bilU kea, e4i] 

adj. L warlike; martial; 2. qxiarroh- 

Nor.- , umcarlike. 

BELLISSIME [b^. li-.i-m] adj. Jl w.otl 

BELLOT, TE [bilo, t] adj. (of rhil 
dren) /?jie; handsome; pretty. 

BELV]fcDi;RE, BELVi:DEl{ [b*U 
dh r, dJr] n. m. (arch.) belvedere. 

B:6M0L [bfi-moi] n. m. (mu3.) btmof- 

B]<;M0L, adj. (inus.)/ai. 

B^MOLISER [hi-mo-Vi-iq V. IV (i.Mt.,1 
to mark with aflat. 

BEN [b6n] n. m. 1. (bot.) ben; 2. (lot.) 
ben-nut; -3. (pliarm.) ben-nut. 

oleifcre, (bot.) horse-radish tre*\ 
Iluile do , ben-oil; uoix do , L (bot) 
ben-nut ; oil-nut ; oily acorn ; 2. 
(pliarm.) ben-nut. 

B^NARDE [b-nar-d] n. t m-ortisc 
dead lock. 

BtN^DICIT:^ [b-n-di-ai-t<;] n. m. 
grace (before meals); blessing; ben^ 

Dire le , to say grace. 

BltN]5;DICTlN [b6-nd-dik-tm] n. m. K 
[i-n] n. f. (rel. ord.) Benedictine. 

Des s, Benedictine. 

BI^NT^^DICTIN, E, adj. Benedictine 

B:fiNfiDICTION [b6-n6-dik-Bi6n] n. f.l. 
blessing ; benediction ; benison ; % 
consecration (making sacred). 

Maison de , 1. house of piety ; 2. 
house of plenty ; pays do , country iif 
plenty. Combler de s, to load icith 
blessings; donner dcs s a, to bestoti 
blessings on ; to give blessings to ; to 
bless ; etrc en , (th.) to be blessed ; r6- 
nandro, verser des s stir, to shower 
blessings 07i; se ropandre en 8, to 
pnur forth blessings. Qui n'a pas rc;^ii 
do , imblest. 

B6N1;;FICE [b-n(;-fl-8] n. m. \. btrtu- 
fit ; advantage ; profit ; 2. privilege ; 
A. (com.) profit ; gain ; A. (cedes.) / ev- 
fice: living; 5. (hist of Gaul.) _fi;fj 
feoff; feud; 0. (law) privilege- ,. 
(med.) relief of the bowels; rclifj ; S. 
(tlieat) be7ieflt.. 

brut, (com.) gross profit ; g\\x) fi, 
(com.) large z^\ net, (com.) utt-^; 

simple, (cedes.) benejice without ]\l- 
rish duty ; ayant charge d'anics, (oo 
i:h^.) Iiene/ice ivit/i the cure of siniUf; 

en comnicnde, par interim (ei^cles.) 
commendatn ; d'invenlaire, (law) ( \ . 
I,nventaii;e); possession de , (eccl.) 
incumbency ; representation a ,(theat) 
benefit; benejit-niglit; revenu d"un 
lienilant la premiere .annee, (sing.) _/?/< 
fruits ; teire att'ectce au.x s, (eccles.) 
corps. A , I. (com.) tcith a-=^\ 2. 
(tin.) at a previium; an de, i. fof 
the benefit of; 2. (tlieat.) for the bene- 
fit of ; sans , (cedes.) unbeneficed. 
Avoir un , (cedes.) to have a benefice, 
living; to be beneficed; avoir un , 
une representation a , (thcat) to takA 
a benefit; avoir droit '. -, (law) to be 
beneficial ; donner du , to yield a = 
etre en par, to have a = on ; *, to be 
in pocket by ; a faire, imaginary 
pro/it ; prendre un avec les charges 
, to take it for better for worse ; reali- 
ser un , (coin.) to realize a =; re- 
cueillir le de, to take tlie benefit of; 
retirer, tirer dn de, 1. to derive, te 
reap benefit from; 2 (ann.) to derive, 
to reap profit from. #** Les clievaii.x 
courent les s et les anes les attrapent, 
asses are laden icith preferment. ^\ 
II faut prendre le avec les cliargt^-, 
one must take it for better or worse. 

BfiN^FICENCE [b4-nf-fi-aa-.] n. 1 ' 

BEN^FIGIAIEE [b-nf-fi-.i J-r] wlj 
(law) (of heirs) liable to no dibis beyotin 
tlie value of tlie assets. 

B6n6FICIAIRE, n. m. f. \. (lavr) 
heir liable to no debts beyond the vaiiui 
of the assets ; 2. (theat)" person whi->se 
benefit it is. 

B:fcNFICIAL, E [b<s-n6-fi-8ial] n^J. 
(eccles.) of benefice. 

B:6N:6FIC1EE [b6-n-fi-.i6] n. m. (v 
cles.) 1. beneficiary ; beneficed cler\i^- 
man; 2.i7icwmbent 





a mal ; d male ; e fee ; e fev-j ; e Kite ; i je; i'A: li]e; o mol ; 6 incMe ; 6 inort ; ? sue ; u sure ; ou joui ; 

Bl!:Nf:FICIErw, V. n. (com.) (sue, by, 
?ft) to make a profit. 

BENfiT fw-ui] i^ adj. ni. silly ; fool- 

IJEXfeT [w ns] ^ II. 111. ^ hoohy; nim- 
pletnn ; fool : numtikiM. 

Dl5:NfiV()I.E [b<;-,i6-vo-l] adj. \.\he- 
nccoleiit; kind; 2. grutuitoun (un- 

Lecteiir t. (fnitle reader. 

b:^:\vole.ment [b<^-ii-ro-i-mai.] 

adv. 1. t S henerolently ; kindly; 2. 
gratuitouHly (without foundation, mo- 

BENGALI [bin-ga-ii] n. m. 1. Benga- 
lee (language); 2. (orn.) hengaly. 

BENGALI, E, adj. Bengalee. 

Bf;NI, E [bi-ui] adj. (of persons) Uess- 
od : hlest. 

Non , 1. unblessed; unblest; 2. un- 

Bf:NIGNEMENT [b^-ni-gn-man*] adv. 

BfiNIGNIT:^ [b6-ni-gni-i4*] n. t be- 

B.6N-IN, IGNE [b^-nin, ni-gn*] adj. 1. 
(th.) benignant ; benign ; 2. (b. s.) 
(pers.) ki7id (weak); 3. (med.) benign ; 

Caractere , benignity; nature be- 
igne, (med.) benignity. 

Bi:NIR [,^-nir] V. a.'l. to bless; 2. to 

Dieu me bf nisse ! ^ bless me, ns, my 
heaH and soul! 

BXIT, E [be-ni, t] adj. (of tilings) 1. 
sonaecraied ; 2. holy. 

P^au e, hol>/ tcater. 

B6NITIEE"rb(5-ni-ii] n. m. 1. (small) 
asijersorium ; noly-^cater basin, boicl: 
2. holy-tcater pot ; 3. (large) aspersori- 
um ; font; holy-icater font. 

BENJAMIN [bin-jtt-min] n. m. [ I >. 
n. Benjamin; 1 Ben; 2. darliig ,' oe- 
Ic-ted ; favorite child. 

BENJOIN [bin-join] n. m. \. (bot) 
benjamin ; benzoin ; 2. benjamin (bal- 

BENOtTE [w nca-t] n. (bot.) len- 
net, : averJi. 

BENZOlQUE [bin-zo-i-k] mlj. (clieni.) 

B^OTIEN, NE [b6-o-i-in, 4-n] adj. 

BlfcOTlEN, p. n. m., NE, n. Beo- 

htqUtK [U.\(-] n. F; Bec<juef.. 

B:6QUETEK [bi-k-ti] V. a. V. Bec- 


BfiQUILLARD [b-ki-iar*] n. m. 1. 
old person supported on a crutch; 2. 
old cripple. 

B^QUILLE [b4-ki-i*] n. 1. crutch; 
2. (agr.) spud. 

A , with a crutch; 2. crutcltsd. 
Marcher avec des s, to go, to icalk on 
crutches; soutenir avec des a, tc sup- 
port oti crut<^lies ; to crutch. 

B6QUILLER [b6-ki-ii*] V. n. to walk 
on crutches. 

B^QUILLER, V. a. (agr.) to dig with 
^^ spud. 

BER [bir] n m. (nav. arch.) cradle. 

BERB:feRIS iUi-U-nt] n. m. F. Vi- 


BERCAIL [bir-kai*] n. m. sheep-fold; 

f Bkrciii. liM no plural.] 

iiERCE [bir-i] n. (bot) ccno-pars- 

RERCEAU rb4r-.6] n. m. L I cradle 
(Infant's bed) : 2. cradle (place of In- 
ftJi-jy); 3. (of gardens) arbor; 4. (of 
,Tirdeii3) bou:er (of foliage): 5. (arch.) 
r>a:dt ; C. t (nav arch.) cradle. 

Couchage di , (sing.) cradle-clothes, 
ll. An \^,inthe-=.; an sortir du 

i5, <w won as one is out ofo.'s :=: (Ms 
s , from Vie = ; en , (of gardens) 
b-niery. Enfenner dans un , to em- 
bowei ; ctH) au , to be in the =:;** to 
cradle ; faire, former le , to form an 
urbor, a bover ; mettre au , to put in 
the =.:** to cradle. 

BERCELONNETTE [b4r-.*-lo-n4-t] n. 
L harcel<inn(Ue (small cradle). 

BERCER [Ur-tt] v. a. 1. ( o rock (a 
MM); to rot K the cradle of; **to era- 


die ; 2. I (on o.'s arms, on o.'s knees) to 
dandle; 3. II to lull (to sleep); 4. (de, 
in, icith) to bring up (a chil(l)//'oi his 
cradle, infancy ; 5. % (b. 8.) (de, witK) 
to lull; to delude 

4. Avoir ^t^ herc^ d'iil^ea g*6n^rer8"B, Co havf 
5fe broiTfflit up from o.'s cradle, infanc.v in (;e/'e- 
rolls ideas. 5. q. ii. de vaiiies es^jeraiici 8, to lidl, 
io delude a. 0. with vain hopes. 

;* Le diable le berce, he is possessed. 
E UERCEK, pr. V. (de, tcith) to lidl, to 
del ltd e o.'s self 

BEliCEUSE [bir-i-i] n. rocker 
(person): nurse. 

Bl^IRET [bi-rt] n. m. beret (head- 

BERG A ME [bir-gB-m] n. + bergame 
(coarse tapestrvO. 

BERGAMOTIER [bir-g-mo-ti-] n. 
m. bergamot pear, orange tree. 

BERGAMOTTE [bir-ga-mo-t] n. 1. 
bergamot (pear, orange); 2. bergamot- 

BERGE [bir-j] n. L bank (steep); 2. 

BERGER [bir!] n. m. 1. shepherd; 
** swain ; 2. ** swain (lover). 

Jonne , slieph^erd-boy. L'6toile du 
* *, (the planet) Veiius. 

BERGi:RE [bJr-jJ-r] n. 1. (pers.) 
shepherdess ; 2. (th.) easi/ chair. 

Jeune , shepherd-girl. 

BERGERETTE [bir-je-rj-t] n. L 
(pers.) shepherd-girl; 2. (th.) honey- 

BERGERIE [bjr-jf-ri] n. 1. sheep- 
fold ; 2. t s. (pi.) paAnral-t. 

BERGERONNETTE [b^r-j8-ro-nJ-t] n. 
1. sheplierd-girl; 2. (om.) (genus) 
rcagtail ; dish-washer. 

B^RIL [b6-rii] n. m. V. Bebtu 

BERLE [ber-i] n. (bot) (genus) 
water parsnip ; ^ skirret; water- 

ctiervi. skirret. 

BERLINE [bJr-li-n] n. berlin (car- 

BERLINGOT [ber-lin-go] n. m. berlin 
with a single seat. 

BERLINOIS, E [ber-Ii-noa, i] adj. of 
bilonging to Berlin. 

BERLINOIS, p. n. m., E, p. n. na- 
tive of Berlin. 

brs-io-k] n. (mil.) 1. dinner-drum ; 2. 

Battre la , to beat the =:. 

BERLUE [bir-la] n. dimness; drd- 
ness of sight. 

Avoir la , 1. [ to be dim-sighted ; 2. 
S to lie blind. 

BERME [bJr-m] n. 1. (of canals) 
tench; berme; 2. (fort) berme. 

BERMUDIENNE [bir-mu-di-i-n] n 
(bot.) bermudiana. 

BERNABLE [ber-na-bi] adj. + 1 thai 
de.ierves to be lauglied at. 

BERNACLE [bJr-na-kl] n. (moll.) 

BERNARDIN [bir-nar-din] n. m., E 

[;-n] n. (rel. ord.) Bernardrne. 

BERNE [bir-n] n. blanketing (toss- 

En ^, (nav.) mth a waft ; atcaft. 

BERNEMENT [bJr-nS-man] ii. m. 
blanketing (tossing). 

BERNER [bir-n<s] v.&.^^.ltotoss in 
a bltinket; to blanket; 2. to deride; 
to ridicule ; to laugh at. 

dans una couverture, to toss in a 

BERNEUR [bir-nefir] n. m. one Viat 
blankets, tosses in a blanket. 

BERNIQUE [b^^-ni-k] adv. ^f~ not 
a bit of it (not in the least). 

BERNIQUET [bor-ni-ki] n. m. -4- 
(iised only in certain phrases). 

Allor, Ctre an , to come to beggary. 
Envoyer, mettre q. u. at , to reduce 
a. o. to ^=; to beggar. 

BERNOIS, E [bir-noa, i] ad). Bernese. 

BERNOIS, p. n. m., E, pi n. Ber- 
nese ; one born in Berne. 

BEKRET [b.\-re] n. m. V. Rkrit. 

BERYL [b-nl] n. m. (min.) beryl. 

Of 1. of: 2. =4ike. Comine le 
, like = ; -^-like. 

BE8ACE [b6-za-.] n. wallet. 

tre a la 1 , to be r^iined, beg- 
gared ; mettre, reduire a la 1 , fe 
ruin ; to beggar. 

BESACIER [b6-aa-.ij n. m. (b. s.) 

BESAIGRE [bi-i^gt] adl. (cf jfItit^^. 
tartish ; sourish. 

Tourner au , to turn sozir. 

BESANT [b6-zan] n. m. 1. (Ront srt) 
bezant; hyzant ; byzantine ; 2. (hci.) 

BESET [bs-iJ] (tricktrack) aw, 5 

BESI [bs-zi] n. m. pear (-^f a certalti 

BESICLES [bs-zi-ki] n. t pi.) eye- 

BESOGNE [b6-io-gn*] n. 1 1. work; 
2. task. 

Belie , piece of work; rude 
hard, lieavy task, \ pndl. Abattre le 
la , ^ to get through a great deal nf 
work ; aimer la iaite, to dislike, to 
hate work. Aller vitc en , 1. II to dis- 
patch rcork quickly; 2. to run 
through an inheritance; faire de la , 
1. to do work; 2. tc make work; faire 
de belle, de mauvai&v\ de triste , to 
make sad work of it ; mettre i\ la , to 
set to work ; se mettre a la , to go to 
work; to set o.'sselfto work ; taillcr de 
la , donner bien de la a q. u., to cut 
out ttork for a. o. 

BESOGNER [bs-zo-gn*] v. n. + to do 

BESOGNEU-X, SE [bJ-zo-gneu, eu-z*] 
adj. ^ neces.fitoits ; needy. 

BESOIN [b6-zoiii] n. m. \.need (priva- 
tion); tcant; 2. ?ieff/ (indigence) ; want; 
distress; 8. need ; necessity; require- 
ment; 4 need; watit ; occasion; nt- 

Au , 1. in case of need ; o< =-; ^ (/ 
=be; if necessary ; 2.on,uponocri\. 
sion, the occasion} '; 5. (b. s.) ata p-incA . 
4. (com.) (on bills) in case of need ; ao 
gi'and , in an emergency ; in case of 
absolute necessity ; au moment de son 
, at o.'s = ; dans "e , in want ; no- 
cemitous; needy ; pas , iJiere is no 
occasion for it ; 7?o=; there is no-=. 
Avoir de, to have occasion for ; ti 
want (to); to be, to stand in = of; to 
have =: of; avoir bien de, avoir grand 
de, to be, to stand in great =; of; 
n'avoir plus de, to have no farther =;, 
use of; cprouvor, sentir un , to feel, to 
find a want ; ctre dans le , to be in 
=, distress ; faire , 1. (th.) to be neces- 
sary, essential ; 2. (pers.) to be mixsed ; 
mourir de , to die of want; pourvoii 
aux s de, to provide for the wants of; 
pourvoir a ses propres s, to sup/port 
o.'s self; pivvenir les s de q. u.,toan- 
ticipate a. o.'s wants ; satisfaire un , 
subveiiir a un , to supply a xcant. II 
n'y a pas , il n"cn est pas , there ii 
no occasion for it; il n'est pas d", 
there is no = of; qu'est-il de? ichat 
occasion is therefor f qu'y a-t-il de? 
what z=. is there oft 

BESTIAIRE [W.-ii-e-r] n. m. (Rom. 
ant) beMiarius (pei'son doomed to fight 
with wild beasts). 

BESTIAL, E [bJ.-tial] adj. bestial; [ 
Salete e, ^ beastliness. 
BESTIALEMENT [bti-ti-a-l-man] adr. 

BESTIALITY; [b6.-ti-a-ii-t] n. beetl- 
ulity ; If beastliness. 

BESTIASSE [bc-ti-tt-.] n. f ^P" stu 
pid ass. 

BESTIAl^X [hit-lit] n. m., pi. cattu, 
stock ofcttftle. 

h Teiigrais, fatting cattle. Com- 
merce de , cattle-trade ; draving ; 
condncteur de , drover ; marchand de 
, catiU-dealer ; salesman. 

BESTIOLE [b..-ii-o-i] n. 1. | mnaU 
animal; 2. (pers.) poor fool. 

BfiTA [bi-ta] n. m. -j- torn-fool; 

BftTAIL [b#.u)'] n. m. 1. cttUle : 2 
(agr.) livr-stock. 

(iros , I lark, grettt cattle ; beasts; 
menu , sm-tU =;. lMc de , h^wi oi 




o/ijo&te; ewjeu; jeune; ejipeur; are pan ; mpln; vnhon; wnbrun; ll .fq. ; 'gn Hq. 

=: ; txoupeau de , a drove, Jterd of=. 
felever du , to breed = ; pourvoir de 
. to stock (a farm). 

Bktail has HO pi. ; or at lenat nc other tlmn 
BesTiAUX. ( y. Bkstiaux.) 

b6TE [M-t] r.. f. 1. animal ; ^ dumb 
creature; 2. beast (qiiadruned) ; 3. 
(poTS.) fool; -T- tom-fool; ^ (tli.) eye- 
jri (object of aversion); 5. (cards) 

asine, ass; bonne , 1. good ani- 
T.vil; 2. (pers.) good-naturd foci ; 
ix/vica, bovine animal; ox; coxd fa- 
mily ; brute, ^rwfe beast; cpave, 
(law) str^.y ; epaulee, 1. animal woryi 
out; 1. natural fool ; fameuse , efir/'e- 
ffious fool; fauve, \. fallow deer; 2. 
(horned) deer; ft-roce, wild beast; 
fine , maligne , cunning fellow, dog, 
m. ; cunning gypsy, t; grosse , 1. 
large animal ; 2. (pers.) great fool ; -i- 
iuU-head; chuckle-head; grosse de, 
-H chuckU-headed ; puante, fetid 
animal; sauvage, wild animal, 
beast ; sotte , stupid fool ; vraie , 
natural, regular fool. de charge, 
least of burden ; de chasse, beast of 
cMse; de compagnie, gregarious 
animal ; s a cornes, horned cattle ; 
h Dieu, de la Vierge, (ent) Lady-fly ; 
lady-bird; lady-cow; lady-bug; 
du bon Dien, good foolish creature ; 
k laine, (agr.) sheep ; de soinme, beast 
of burden; de trait, draught ani- 
mal. Enlevement de fauve, (law) 
deer-stealing ; autcur d'un enlevement 
de fauve, (law) deer-stealer. Etre la 

noire, Taversion de q. u., to bean eye- 
tore to a. o. ; faire la , 1. to play the 
fool ; 2. to refuse a. th. against o.'s real 
interests : 8. (cards) to beast ; remonter 
Bur 83 , to recover o.'s self, o.'s losses; 
vivre, mourir en , to live, to die like a 
dog. II, elle, &c., est ma , ma noire, 
xr.% d'aversion, lie, she is an eye-sore 
on me, mi/ abomination ; ^ I hate the 
\tt^'ht of him, her, &c. comme une 
oJc, as stupid as an owl. ,% Morte la 

mort le venin, 1. dead dogs don't bite ; 
'.' enmity s/wuld not reach beyond tlie 

B6TE, a<y, /oo^isA ; silly; stupid. 

p^ si I / am, was not such a fool, 
fool enough for th-at Ne pas etre , to 
be no fool. 

Bfe'TEL [W-tJl] n. m. t. (bot) betel; 
betel-ntU ; betel-pepper ; 2. betel (mas- 

Noix de , (bot.) betel-nut; polvre 
. (bot.) betel-pepper. 

BfiTEMENT [bit-man] adv. ^foolish- 
ly ; sillily ; stupidly. 

BfiTISE [b*-ti-i] n. f \. .folly; 1 siUi- 
ness ; stupidity ; -~ tom-foolery ; 2. 
piece of foUy ; foolish, silly, stupid 

! nonsense ! -r- fddle-sticks ! 
groese, lourde , most, very foolish, 
siUy, stupid thing. De la , nonsense ; 
nonsensical stuff. Dire des s, to talk 
nonsense; 6tre d'une ..., (pers.) to 
be . . . foolish, silly, stupid. 

S'/n. BAtise, sottise. Betise is applied to 
one wlu> has limited ideas; t'dtige, to one who has 
fals>f ide.Hs. The fiist does not see at all ; th e- 
c.iiid sees wron?. 

B6T0INE [b6-toa-n] n. f. (bot) betony. 

officinale, liead, ivood-:=. d'eau, 
voater == ; ^ water fig-wort. 

BlfcTON [b^-ton] n. m. (maa.) beton; 
BETTE [b^-t] n. f (bot) beet. 

commune, while =. 
BETTERAVE [bi-t-ra-v] n. f. (bot) 1. 

I'ct-root; beet; 2. mangel-wiirtel. 

rouge, red beet. Avoir un nez de 
. to hate a red nose. 

j'SEUGLE^tfENT [ben-glS-man] n. m.l. 
iiinng ; 1. (of bulls) bellowing; 3. 
(j ers.) beUoicing. 

BEUGLEll [beu-gl] V. n. 1. to low; 
2. (of bulls) to bellow ; 3. (pers.) to 

BEURRE [ben-r] n. m. 1. butter; 2. 
(chem.) butter. 

noir, hroicn =; fort, ranee, ran- 
oid, rank =. en livre, roll :=; en 
ptt'.v , printed =.. Commerce de - , ^- 

trade; lait de , ^=-milk; mains de, 
(play) butter-fingers; moule a , =- 
print, stamp ; rotie an , buttered 
toast; tartine de , slice of bread and 
=. Au , 1. in. = ; 2. (culin.) with = ; 
de , 1. o/ =; 2. buttery. Oomme le 
, like z= ; -^^-like. Avoir des mains de 
^, (play) to he butter-fingered; avoir 
lefl yeux poches au noir ^ , to have a 
pair of black eyes ; etendre du sur, 
to spread =. on; to = ; promettre plus 
de que de pain f , to make great, 
extravagant promises. 

BEUKE^ [beu-r6] 11. m. (bot) butter- 

BEUKE^E, n. slice of bread and 

BEUERER, v.&.tto butter. 

Be i: ERE, K, pa. p. buttered. 

BEUERERIE [beu-r-ri] u. f. butter- 

BEUREIER [befi-ri^] n. m. 1. (pers.) 
butter-man ; dealer in butter; 2. (th.) 
butter-boat: butter-dish. 

BEURRIEEE [beii-riJ-r] n. f. buUer- 

B6VUE [be-vu] n. f. blunder. 

G rosse, lourde , gro-'is = ; gros- 
siere, egregious ^; ridicule, 1. ridi- 
culous = ; 2. bull. Faiseur, faiseuse de 
s, blunderer. Par , blunderingly. 
Faire une , des s, to make a =, 
=; , to blunder ; relever une , to de- 
tect a =. 

BEY [b^l n. m. hey. 

BEZET [bs-ze] n. ni. V. Bhset. 

BfiZOARD [b-zo-ar] n. m. (pharm.) 

B^ZOAEDIQUE [ b4-zo-ar-di-k ] adj. 

B-FA-Sl, n. m. (mus.) +F. Si. 

BIAIS [bii] n. in. 1. | slope; slant; 2. 
ybW (of stuffs) ; &. 1 %tcay; manner; 
4. ^ (b. s.) ea'pedient; shift 

De 1. II aslant; sloping ; in a slop- 
ing position ; 2. (tech.) bevel ; bevelling ; 
en , 1 sloping; in a sloping posi- 
tion ; slopingly ; par des , (b. s.) 
ahiftingly. A Her en , 1. to slope; to 
slant; 1. {icch.) to bevel ; dL-tournor de 
, to turn aslant ; couper. tailler de , 
en , to slope ; piondre des , user do 
, (b. 8.) to use shifts ; prendre q. ch. du 
bon, du mauvais , to go t/ie right. 
Vie wrong way about a. th. 

BIAISEMENT [biJ-z -man] n. m. J 1. | 
slanting ; sloping ; 2. evasion; shift. 

BIAISEE [biJ-z] v. n. 1. \ to slant; 
to slope; 2. (b. s.) to shift; to shuffle; 
to dmihle. 

Personne qui aime \ , shifter, shuf- 

BIAISEUE [biJ-zeur] n. m. shifter; 

lilANGULAIRE [bi-an-^-iJ-r] adj. 
(did.) biangulate ; biangulous. 

BIBERON [bi-b-ron] n. m. breast- 
glass ; sucking-bottle. 

i;iever au , to bring up (a child) by 

BIBERON [bi-b-ron] n. m. NE [o-n] n. 
t. ^ bibber ; ^ biblerj ^ wine-hibher ; 
t^~ guzzler; j^~ tippler; ^^~ 

BIBLE [bi-bl] n. f. bible. 

de famille, famili/, hall =. 

BIBLIOGRAPIIE [bi-bii-o-gra-f] n. m. 

BIBLIOGEAPHIE [bi-bli-o-gra-fi] n. 

BIBLIOGRAPIIIQUE [bi-bli-o gra-fi-k] 
adj. bibliographic ; bibliographical. 

BIBLIOMANE [bi-bU-o-oia-n] n. m. bi- 

BIBLIOMANIE [bi-bli-c-ma-ni] n. bi- 

De , bihliomaniacal. 

BIBLIOPHILE [bi-bli-o-fi-l] a. m. bibli- 
ophile; lover of books. 

BIBLIOPOLE [bi-bli-o-po-n n. m. (jest) 
bibliopole (bookseller) ; bibliopolist. 

BIBLIOTllfiCAlRE [bi-bli-o-t^-k^-r] n. 
m. librarian. 

Sous , under- . 

BIBLIOTHi:QUE [bi-bli-o-tJ-k] n. 1. 
library (books, room) ; 2. book-case ; .3. 
hook-s'nAves ; 4. catalogue (of certain 

anibulnnte, y'w&nic, living library , 

renvcrsc'C, man of confused, undi- 
gested knowledge. Corps de , booh- 

Bn?LIQUE [bi-biik] adj. biblical. 

BIBLISTE [bi-blis-t] n. m. bibUsi. 

BIBU8 fbi-bus] n. in. J trifle. 

De , tiudgnijlcant ; trifling; paZ- 

BICEPS [bi-sips] n. m. (anat) t izsps. 

BICli;TRE [bi-86-tr] n. m. X.imisfor- 
tune ; 2. t disgrace ; 8. Bicetre (asyluta 
for old people and lunatics in the neigh- 
borhood of Paris). 

BICIIE [bi-sh] n. (mam.) hind; roe; 

BICHETTE [bi-she-t] n. (pers.) K?4 
dear; love (child). 

BICHON [bi-shon] n. m., NE [o-n] n. f. 
L (mam.) lap-dog; 2. (i)ers.) littU 
dear, love (child). 

BICHONNEE [bi-sho-n^] v. a. Tto curl 
(the hair). 

Sk bic!!oxnkr, pr. v. to mirl o.'s hair. 

BICONCAVE [bi-kon-ka-v] adj. (did.) 
conca vo-concavc 

BICOQUE [bi-ko' n. 1. (mW.) paltry 
totcn ; 2. shed ; little bit of a house. 

BICORNE [bi-kc.r-n] adj. (did.) hi- 
cornous; ^ tico-hoiv.ed. 

BIDENT6, E [bi-diin-t] adj. (did.) hi- 

BIDET [bi-dJ] n. m. 1. nag; bidet; 2. 
(b. s.) tit (horse) ; 8. bidet (piece of furni- 

Pousser bien son %, to make o.'s 
way ; to get on. 

BinON [bi-don] n. m. \. bidon; a 
can ; 3. (spin.) can. 
' BIEF [U-e] n. m. P. Biez. 

BIELLE [bi-e-i] n. (mach.) crank. 

de parallulogramme, (mach.) no. 

BIEN [biiii] adv. (comp. & sup. mikvtx) 

I. well ; 2. (i)E, of, de, to) right ; proper; 
properly; 8. (b. s.) well; finely ; pr^t- 
perly ; 4. ^W (b. s.) in a fine pligl% 
pickle, mess ; in for it ; 5. comfortable^ 
(at o.'s ease); C. ^cell off; 7. on gooii 
terms; 8. in favor ; 9. good-lookiihj ; 
10. much; li. certainly; truly; ir^ 
deed; \2. quite ; comjdetely ; full ; l!\ 
formally; clearly ; expressly ; 14. (bo- 
fore adjectives) very; 15. (before com- 
paratives) much ; fur ; 16. (before paet 
i)articiplcs) very much ; very well ; 17. 
(of number) many ; a great many ; IS. 
(of ([uantity) much; a deal (of); a 
great deal (of); 19. (nav.) ship-sh(^)&. 

1.11 parle et il ecrit , he gpeahi and writet 
well; parlor et ^crire, l<f si'eak and to writ4 
well ; avoir parl6 on ^crit, ti' have spoken or 
written well. 2. Ce n'est pas de sa pari, it t not 
right, proper of him ; ee n'est pas de le faire, 
it i not right, proper to do it; il fant (aire ce 
qu'on fait, we sh>uh) du right, properly what we do 
at all. 5. fttre q. p., to be comfortable a. wi. 6. 
6tre dans ses atfaires, ta be well off in pecuniary 
matters. 1. fetre avee q. n., to be on ^ood terms 
leith a. I'. 8. tre a la cour, Ui be at favor at 
C'Urt. 9. L'ne p.'rsonne qui est , a persi'n whf/ is 
good-looking, 10. Je le d)5sire , / desire it much. 

II. Vousauriez pu venir, you ji:<hi certahily, 
indeed have come. 12. II y a une heure de cela, 
ii is quite, full an h"ur since then. 13. II est en- 
tendu que . . . ,ii is fnrma'ly, clearly, expressly 
understiHfd that ... 14. bon, mauvais, very 
a od, very bad. 15. C'est mieux, pis, it is much, 
far better, worse. 16. surpris, verj' much surprised. 
17. Voir des ehoses, to see nianv things. 18. 
Avoir de la vertu, to Jtave much virtue, a great 
deal '/ virtue. 

! 1. tcell! 2. right/ 3. so, so! oh 
! ho ! well ! Fort, tr6s-bien, 1. ver\f 
tcell; 2. full uell; parfaitement , w>.-y, 
full well ; ou , 1. or else ; 2. or ht^ 
deed ; pas trop mal ni trop , so, o , ti 

que, so that; so much that; o mmA 
so tliat ; de, du, de lit, des, much ; riany ; 
a great deal ; a great many, fitrs ., 
1. ( V. senses) to have good acoiimmocfa- 
tion ; 2. to he on good terms (v/ith a. o.) ; 
n'etre pas , ( V. senses) to be unwell; 
sc trouver (tie), 1. to derive henefli 
(from) ; to find benefit (bij) ; 2. to be the 
better (for); valoir , to be as good 
as. Cest , (V. senses) that vyill do; 
est-ce bien comme cela? will that dot 
tout va ! all is right ! lui a prii 
6.6..., \. he was right to ; 2. he was th* 
all the hefc for. 

[BiKN follow* .-erb* in simple tenses; itprec^'y: 




a nutl; d male; e f^e; e f(&ve; e fete; / je; i il; Jile; o mol; ^ mole; 6 mort; u sue; ^ sure; oit jour; 

(-r follows them ui the infinitive nunpil ; in eoni- 
potnul tciiaus it ia placed between the aiix. and the 
part. (r. Ex. I.) In the nth and 18lh il 
lakes (/ and the d^-iinite art, before u uoiui [T. 
Ex. n,18.)] 

IJiEN QUE, conj. (subj.) aWiougU; 

BIKN, n. m. 1. \ good; 2. good; 
heuffit; welfare; iceU-being ; 3. blesf- 
*^^ . Oift > hocn, ; + mercy ; 4. s (pi.) 
yi'od iluvgfi; 5. endowment; gift; 6. 
, (iing.) s, (pi.) property; 1. estate 
(laD(>s); S. (^law) s, (pi.) goods; chat- 
hl ; 9. (law) lierediiament 

I. Iji aoierice ilu et du iiml, Iht km^tedgt of 
good and evil ; li-s et lea niaiix de la vie, /A 
ZocUand tke evi's 'f fife. 3. Le le plus iT.'cieiix 
tie tw nt preciitus blessing, pift. 5. Les de I'anie, 
du corns, de I'esprit. f/ie endowments, gifts (/ t/te 
tmtl, tke bdy, Ike mind. 

Beau , 1. Jine property ; 2. fine es- 
tate ; clair et net, liqiiide, uuetwum- 
hered estate; gi-ands s, great, large 
= ; s fonciers, landed =:; land; 
imineuble, (law) re<d = ; corporeal he- 
reditament ; clwse local ; incorporel, 
(^Iftw) incorporeal IterediUiment ; s in- 
corporeLs, (law) chattels real ; ineu- 
blf, (law) chose transitory ; s iiieubles, 
(law) morahles; chottels personal; s 
mobiliers, 1. ntovahle ; 2. ([-aw) personal 
=:; substitiii-, entailed estate ; estate 
tail ; s et eft'ets, (law) (foods and chat- 
tels ; en rentes, funded =. Cession 
de 8, (law) surrender of property ; 
surrender of estate and effects. Hoir.ine, 
fetiiine de , a good, worthy man, wo- 
man ; lioiiime, feniine qui a du , man, 
woman of = ; niasse dos s, (law) es- 
tate; masse des s iinmeubles, (law) 
real estate ; niasse des s niciiblcs, 
(law) personal e--<tate; iin poii de , 
small =. En , in a favoralle point 
of view; en tout et tout lioniieiir, 
iOWi honorable intentions ; pour le 
A.c,.for the good, henejit of Avoir du , 
1. to have = ; 2. H to he uortli money ; 
nvoir du au soiell, to have solid =; 
d'rc (bi de, to speak highly, well of; 
, w gice a good character of; dire 
tout le du iiioiidc de, to speak as 
^x'ghly, as well as pas-fiOle of; "J to give 
the best possible character of; dotcr 
q. n. d'un , to settle an e.state on, upon 
a. o.; e.\pliqucr, interpreter, prendre en 
, to put a favorable construction on, 
upon ; faire du , faire le , to do 
yood ; faire du il, 1. (pers.) to do good 
to; to henettt; to succor; 2. (tli.) to 
benefit: to he beneficial to; 3. (pers.) to 
do a kindness to ; faire line cession de , 
(law) to make a surrender of-=^ : inan- 
quer de , to lutve no^; to be witliotit 
= ; se porter, se tourner au , (pers.) to 
he well-inclined ; raiiicner au , to re- 
claim, (a. o.) ; rendre le pour le nial, to 
return good for evil ; souliaiter du a 
q. u., to wish a. o. well ; tourner nil , 
to take a favorable turn; faire valoir 
son , to cultivate, to farm one's oicn 
estate ; vi\re ile son , to live on o.'s 
=, means ; vouldir du a q. u., to zoish 
a. o. well; vouloir le (de). to mean 
well {to). ^*^ Le chorclie le , mo- 
ney begets money ; ,f*,f abondance de s 
ne nuit piis, store is no sore. Grand 
Ini, vous, leur fasse ! much good may it 
do him, her, you, them ! ^*^ nul sans 
peine, no gain without pains. 

BIEN-DIUE [biin-di-r] n. ni. ^ fine 

fitre, se mcttre sur son , J^" to 
Bland ujTon o.'s Ps and Qs. 

BIEN-OISANT, B [jiin-di-zan, i] a4j. 
tfair poker.<. 

Bir-N-fTRE [i,;] n. in. 1. wel- 
f.t-t , 'i eU-heing ; % comfort ; comforts; 
\. comfortalilenesH ; 4. (com.) (tli.) cor- 

BIENFAISANCE [biin-fS-xan-s] n. f. 1. 
beneficence; beneroleiice ; bounty; 1. 
** kindliness ; kindness. 

Bureau lie , charitable Itoard ; 
QBUvre de , charity ; benefaction. 
Avec , 1. beneficently; benevolently; 
boiMiteoiisly ; 2. * kindli/. 

BifixNKAISANT. E [biin-fe-zan, l] adj. 
!. (A, to) lieneficent; benevole7it; * 
lotinfifid; bounteous; 2. ** (I'ouit, to) 


kind ; kindly ; 3. (tli ) beneficial ; salu- 

Peu , (V. senses) 1. unhenevolent ; 
2. * unbounteous ; 3. ** unkind; un- 

BIENFAIT [biin-ft] n. m. (pour, to) 1. 
benefit; benefaction ; boon; 2. s, (jd.) 
advantages ; utility. 

Action de conferer mi , benefaction. 
Accorder un (a), to confer a benefit 
(on, upon) ; profiter des s de, to be 
benefited by; rendre un , to repay 
a :=. Un n'est jamais perdu, a kind- 
ness is never lost. 


PLAisiR. A bienfait is a gift or a sacrifice, which 
he who has makes, in order t() better the condition 
of him who needs. A grace is a favor to wliicli 
the recipient could lay no claim ; it also impi' 

merited penalty 
implies assistance wliich one renders in obti.-lning 
a desirable object. The bon office consists in the 
employment of our credit or our influence u> ena- 
ble to succeed, or to contribute to his pr< spe- 
rity. Ap.'aigir is one of those obligmg ats which 
we are constantly perfomiing for one another. 
Gener sity or charity leads us to confer bien/aiig 
i^beifjitB) '; partiality distributes grnctt (Javora) ; 
zeal renders tervicea (aervicet) ; kindn-ss is the 
source of h'ma officea (kind <fficea) ; and friendliness 
or courtesy rf plaisirs ((jo*>a tarna). 

BIENFAI-TEUR [biinft-teur] n. m. 
TRICE [tri s] n. f. benefactor ; benefac- 

l^tre le de, to be the = of; to 

BIEN-FONDS [bih-fon] n. m. pi. 
BiENS-FONDS, (law) land; lands; landed 

De , landed; land... Garantie en 
, landed security ; succession inatten- 
due de , land-fall; transmission de 
par succession, (law) descent of lands. 

BIENIIEUREU-X, SE [biin-neu-red, 
eu-z] adj. 1. blissful; all-happy; 2. + 
happy ; blessed ; blest. 

Esprit , lime bienbeureusc, soul in 

BIENXAL. E [bi-Jn-nal] adj. biennial. 

BIENS:6ANCK [biin-s^-in-i] n. f. 1. + 
propriety ; decorum.; becomingness ; 
seendiness ; decency ; 2. good manners; 
3. convenience. 

Avec , with propriety ; becom- 
ingly ; decorously; seemly ; par droit 
de \, to suit o.'s convenience. Bles- 
ser, cboquer la , les s, to offend 
against = ; etre a la de q. u., to suit 
a. o.'s convenience ; garder la , les s, 
to keep tviiliin the bounds, limit.% 7~ules 
ofzzz ; se mettle au-dessiis des s, to set 
= at defiance. 

BIENS]6ANT, E [biin-s<5-an, t] adj. (A, 
if; de, to) proper; becoming; deco- 
rous; seendy ; decent. 

II est nux jeimes gens de respectr la vVil- 
lessf, it is lecolning, decorous, pn per in youth to 
respect old age. 

B1ENT6T [biin-tft] adv. 1. (of past 
time) soon ; 2. (of future time) soon ; 
shortly; before long ; * ere long. 

lUENVEILLANCE [biin-vi-iin-s*] n. 
f. \. kindness; kindliness: i. friendli- 
ness ; 3. good ivill ; * benevolence ; 4. 
favor (of a superior). 

Acte de , kindness ; d6fant, manque 
de , 1. unkindness ; 2. unfriendliness. 
Sans , 1. unkind; 2. unkindly. Avoir 
de la pour q. u., to entertain a kind 
feeling towards a. o. ; to bear a. o. 
good tcill; n'avoir que de la (pour), to 
be in charity (with); trailer avec , 
( V. senses) to cherish. 


veillance {benevolence) is the desire of doing go< d ; 
bienfaiaance (beneficence) is the act of doing g(M d. 
Many pers->ns are full of bienveilfance (benev'" 
lence\ who have not the means to be bienfalaant 


BIENV'EILLANT, E [biin-rl-iSn, i*] 
adj. (pour, to ; de, to) 1. ki7id ; kindly ; 
1. friendly ; 3. * benevolent. 

Peu , 1. unkind; 2. unkindly; 3. 
unfriendly ; 4. * unbenevolent. 

IJIENVENU, E [biin-T-nu] adj. (pers.) 

fttre le , to be welcome ; soyez, sois 
le 1 welcom^e ! 

BIENVENUE [biin-v-nu] n. f. 1. (pers.) 
welcome ; 2. entrance ; footing ; 3. gar- 

I'ersonne qui soubaite la 4, wel- 

comer of. Salut de , welcome. Paycl 
la , to pay o.'s footing ; souliaiter la 
a q. u., to welcome a. o. ; to bid a. o, 
BIERE [biJ-r] n. f. beer. 

blancbe, pale-z:^; double, d .nble 
, double = ; forte, 1. Strang \ 2. 
stout; petite , small =; mauvaisc pe- 
tite , (sing.) |ag~ swipes, pi. do 
table, table- =. Debit de , = -sh. p ; 
levure de , yeast; poinpe a , = ,).> 
gine. Faire de la , to brew. 

BljfeRE, n. f. coffin; bier. 

Faiseur de , = -maker. Sans --, 
without a coffin ; ** uncoffined. Clont'l 
une , to nail down a =; visser une 
, to screio down a =. 

BIERRE, n. f. % beer. V. Biere. 

BIEVKE [bie-vr] n. m. t V. Castor. 

BlEZ [bi^] BIEF, n. m. 1. (of watflr- 
mills) mill-course ; mill-race ; 2. (build.) 
pond ; 3. (engin.) (of canals) reach. 

de partage, (of canals) stim'.iit- 
level pond. Difference de niveau entrc 
deux s, (engin.) (of canals) lift, ilta- 
blir un , des s dans, (build.) to pond. 

BIFFEU [bi-fe] v. a. 1. to cancel; to 
deface; to olditerate ; 2. to blot out; 3. 
to cross off; 4. to scratch out; to strike 
out. off; to erase. 

BiFKE, E, pa. p. F. senses of Birt-ER. 

Non ,{F. senses) 1. uncancelled ; 2. 

BIFIDE [bi-fi-d] adj. (bot.) bifid; bifl 

BIFLORE [bi-flo-r] adj. (bot.) bi/lo- 
rous; ^ tico-fioicered. 

BIF0LL:6, E [bi-fo-li^] adj. (bot.) two- 

BIFTECK [bif-tJk] n. m. (culin.) beef- 

Vaxxx , (butch.) rump-steak. 

BIFURCATION [bi-fur-ka-sion] n. t 

bifurcation ; forking. 

BIFURQU]fe, E [bi-fnr-k^] adj. hij\r- 
cate ; bifurcated ; \ forked. 

BIFURQUER (SE) [se-bi-fur-kf] pr. t. 

1. to l>e liifurcate; bifurcated; ^/o; li- 
ed ; 2. (of roads) to fork. 

I3IGAME [bi-ga-m] adj. guilty cf bij- 
am V. 

BIGAME, n. m. 1. bigamist; 2. (caii 
law) bigamist. 

BIGAMIE [bi-ga-mi] n. f. 1. bigamy; 

2. (can. law) bigamy. 
BIGARADE [bi-ga-ra-d] n. (bot) 

Seville orange (fruit). 

BIGARADIER [bi-ga-ra-di6] n. in. 
(bot.) Seville orange (tree). 

BIGARR6, E [bi-ga-re] adj. (b. s.) 1. | 
party-colored ; motley; medley; 2. 
freckled; 8. streaked; 4. %motlei/. 

BIGARREAU [U-ga-roj n. m. (bot.) 
bigarreau (clierry;. 

BIGARREAUTIER [bi-ga-rft-tif] n. m. 
(bot,^ bigarreautier (clierry-trce). 

BIGARRER [bi-ga-rf] v. a. 1. I to 
render, to make partif-colored ; 2. to 
make a motley, inedley of; to checker; 
to dapple ; 3. (de, witlC) to intersperse ; 
to interlard. 

BIGARRURE [bi-ga-rti-r] n. f 1. I 
party-color ; motley ; medley ; 2. mot- 
lei/; inedley. 

"BIGLE ai-gi] adj. X squint-eyed. 

BIGLER Jbi-gid] V. n. % to squint. 

BIGNONIE [bi-gno-ni*] n. f. (bot) 

BIGORNE [bi-g6r-n] n. f. (tech.) 1 
beaked anvil; 2. (ofanvils)6aA;/ beak 
iron ; bickern. 

A , (tecli.) (of anvils) beaked. 

BIGORNEAU rt>i-gftr-ii6] n. m. 1. 
(tech.) little, small beaked aiivU; ti 
(moll.) periiciiikle. 

BIGOT, E [bi-go, t] adj. 1. i Z-J^r/feu' , 
2. (of manners) sanctimonious. 

BIGOT, n. m. E, n. f. || bigot. 

En , bigotedly. 

BIGOTERIE [bi-go-t-ri] u. f. bijt&y. 

Avec , bigotedly. 

BIGOTISME [bi-go-ti.-m] n. ni. bio 

BIGOURNEAU [bi-gourn6] U. Ill 

(moll.) periwinkle. 

BIGUE [bi-g] n. f (nav.) sheers. 

BIIIOREAU [bi-o-rA] a. m. (ora.) 
nighi heron. 




oil jofite; ewjeu; eAjeftne; edpour; an pan; iwpin; dnbon; wnbrun; 'U liq. ; *gn llq. 

ft manteau, =:. 

BMON [bi-jon] n. m. i turpentine. 

KIJOU [bi-jou] n. in. 1. fijeicel; 2. 
jfncel: 3. II tHnket; 4. jewei (term of 

Commc un , like a jewel; r=.Uke. 
Orner de n. to jewel. 

BIJOUTERIE [bi-jou-t-ri] n. f. -[.jeic- 
eln/ business ; 2. jeicelry. Fausse , 
plated jetoelr)/ ; en fm.fine gold =. 

BIJOUT-IER [bi.jou-U*i n. m. lilEE 
r^-r] n. f. jeweUer. 

BILABlfi, E [bi-la-bi] adj. (bot) &2'Za- 

BILAN [bi-Ian] n. m. 1. (com.) lal- 
ance-sheet; 2. (com. law) seliedule. 

Dt'poser son , (com. law) to file o.'s 
schedule ; to give tn o.^s =. 

BILATERAL, E [bi-U-W-ral] adj. 1. 
bilateral; 2. (law) (of contracts) reci- 

BILBOQUET [bU-bo-ki] n. m. eiop 
and hall. 

BILE [bi-l] n. f. 1. II (physiol.) hUe; 
gaU; 2. gall; spleen. 

repandue, (med.) jaimdice. D6- 
charger sa ,to vent o.'s spleen ; 6chauf- 
fer la 4 q. u., to stir up a. o.'s cJioler ; 
to excite a. o.^s spleen ; regorger de , 
to be .full of bile ; to be very bilious ; 
temp6rer la , to restrain, repress o.'s 

BILIAIRE [bUi-j-r] adj. (anat) bili- 

Calcul, concretion , (med.) gall- 
tone ; conduit , biliary-diuit ; bile- 
duct; gall-duct; v6sicule , gall-blad- 

BILIEU-X, 8E [bi-li-eij, en-.] adj. 1. 
(physiol.) bilious ; choleric ; 2. cfiole- 
ric ; splenetic. 

All teint , d'un teint , bilious- 
looking. P"i6\T0 bilieuse, (med.) gnU- 

BILINGUE [bi-lin-g] adj. (nat hist) 
hilinguous ; two-tongued. 

BILL [bil] n. m. (English pari.) Inll. 

BILLARD [bi-iar*] n. m. 1. billiards 
f'^ame); 2. billiard -table; 3. billiard- 
room; 4. (nav.) billiard. 

Billo de , billiard-ball; garfon de 
, r=-7narker ; jea de , ga/me of-=.s; 
Joueur au , =:-player; partie de , 
game of = ; queue de , =:-cu ; ;=- 
stick ; salle do , z^-room ; tapis de , 
z^-cloth. De , billiard, taire nne 
partie de , to play a game of^=s; 
jouer au , to play at =. 

BILLARDER [bi.iar-d*] v. n. (bil- 
liards) 1. to strike tlie ball ticice; 2. to 
strike the P<co balls together ; 3. (nav.) 
to billiard. 

BILLE [U-i*] n. f. 1. marble (to play 
with) ; 2. taw ; 3. (of wood) log ; 4. (bil- 
liards) billi<ird-ball; ball. 

Blouser une , (billiards) to pocket a 
ball ; coller une , (pl<vy) to shoot a 
marble ; fairo une , fWlliards) to hole 
a ball; faire une partie de s, to play 
a game of marbles. 

BILLEBAUDE [bi-i bfi-d*] n. 1 cpn- 

A la , in z=. 

BILLER [bi-i] V. B. 1. to pack close 
(by tightening the cords with a stick); 2. 
to attach (tlie tow-line of a boat to a 
horse's liarness). 

BILLET [bi-ii;*J n. m. 1. bUl; hand- 
bill; 2. ticket; 3. note (small letter); 
billet; 4. circular letter; circular; n. 
invitation (by circular); 6. (of lotteries) 
ticket; 7. (bank.) trill; note; 8. (com.) 
bill. ( V. Effet.) 

blanc, (of lotteries) blank : com- 
mrrciablo, n6gociable, (com.) negotiable 
bill; donne, (of places of public 
amusement) order ; doux, love-letter ; 
hillet-doux ; echu, (com.) bill due ; 
p6rim6, (com.) biU over-due, past- 
due ; de faire part, de part, 1. circu- 
lar ; 'i. invitation (to a funeral, a wed- 
ding, etc.); payable ft presentation, 
(com.) bill payable on demand. de 
Sanque, bank-note; hank-bill; de 
Danque de province, country note: 
de comj laisance, (coin.) accommodation 
'ill ; ^ kite ; a . . . de date, (com.) bill 
payable . . . after date; d'entree, ad- 

mission-ticket ; ticket of admission; 

de logeinent, (mil.) billet; - ft ordre, 
(com.) 1. bill payable to order ; 2. pro- 
missory note ; note ofluind ; ft payer, 
(com.) hill payable; au porteur, 
(com.) hiU payable to bearer ; a re- 
cevoir, (com.) hill receivable; de 
santc, bill of health; ft vae, (com.) 
bill payable at sight. Delivrer des s 
de logement ft, to billet (soldiers) ; 6met- 
tre des s, (bank.) to issue notes ; faire 
un , to make out a bill. 

BILLETER [bi-i-U*] t. V. tique- 


BILLETTE [bi-iJ-t*] n. 1. notice (to 
pay toll); 2. (her.) billet. 

BILLEVESI^E [bi-i-vS-id*] n. 1. idle, 
silly stuff, trash; 2. crofc/t* (chimerical 

Sujet aux s, crotchety. 

lilLLION [bi-lion] n. m. thousand 
I millions. 

3ILL0N [bi-ion*] n. m. 1. copper coin; 
2. debased coin; 3. place for receiving 
debased coin. 

Monnaie de , copper coin. 

BILLOM, n. m. (agr.) ridge. 

Faire des s dans, (agr.) to ridge. 

BILLONNAGE [bi-io-na-j*] n. m. 
(agi-.) ridging. 

BILLONNEMENT [bi-io-n-man*] n. 
m. + debasing coin. 

BILLONNER Jbi-io-n**] v. n. 1 1. to 
utter debased coin; 2. to deal in de- 
based coin. 

BILLONNEUR [bi-io-i.efir*] n. m. 1 1. 
utterer of debased coin ; 2. dealer in 
debased coin. 

BILLOT [bi-i*] n. m. 1. block; 2. 
clog (for animals' heads). 

<le cuisine, chopping-block. 
BIL0B6, E [bi-lo-b] (bot) bilo- 

bate : bilobated ; ^ ttco-lobed. 

BILOCULAIRE [bi-Io-ku-I{,.r] adj. 
(bot) bilocidar. 

BIMANE [bi-ma-nl adj. (zool.) W?n- 
noti^ ; 1 tico-handed. 

BIMBELOT [bin-b-lo] n. m. toy ; play- 

BIMBELOTERIE [bin-b-lo-t-ri] n. t 1. 
toys; 2. toy-trade. 

BIMBELOTIER [bm-b-lo-ti*] n. m. 
toy -man. 

BIN AGE j;bi-nn-j] n. m. 1. say- 
ing masstince in one day; 2. (agr.) 
secmid dressing ; 8. (agr.) second 

BINAIRE [bi-nJ-r] adj. binary. 

Nombre , (arith.) binary number ; 
binary ; systeme , =: scale. 

BINARD [bi-nar] n. va. four-wheeled 
truck ; truck. 

BINfi, E [bi-n] adj. (bot) binate ; bi- 

BINER [bi-n6] V. a. (agr.) to dress a 
second time. 

BINER, V. n. to say mass twice in one 

BINET [bi-nJ] n. m. save-all. 

Faire , to use the =:. 

BINOCLE [bi-no-kl] n. m. 1. doxtble 
eye-glass; 2. binocle. 

BIN6ME [bi-nft-m] n. m. (alg.) bino- 

de Newton, binomial theorem. 
BIN6ME. adj. (alg.) binomial. 
BIOGRAPHE [bi-o-gra-f] n. m. biogra- 

BIOGRAPIIIE [bi-o-gra-ii] n. m. bio- 

BIOGRAPIIIQUE [bi-o-gra-fi-k] adj. 
biograpJiio ; biographical. 

BIOLOGIE [bi-o-io-ji] n. biology. 

BIPEDAL, E [bi-p6-dai] adj. bipedal; 

BIPiiDE [bi-p4-d] adj. bipedal ; ^ two- 

BIPEDE, n. m. t. biped; 2 (man.) 

anterieur, (man. )./bre limbs ; dia- 
gonal, t/ie forefoot on one side and 
hinder foot on the other ; lateral, a 
fore ani hinder foot on tlie same side ; 

posterieur, hinder limbs. 
BIQUADRATIQl'E [bi-kouad-ra-ti-k] 

adj. (alg.) biquadratic; of t/ie fourth 
Equation biquadratic equation; 

biquadratic ; equation of the fi/urOi 

BIQUEfbi-k] n. t she-goat. 

BIQUET [bi-kj] n. m. 1. kid ; 2. m 

BIQUETEE Tbi-k-w] v. a. to wci^h 
with moneii-scales. 

BIQUETEE, V. n. (of she-goats) Ho *;n 

BIKIBI [bi-ri-bi] n. m. L birill (i 
game); 2. (of a shoe) back-lininy. 

BIS, E [bi, i] adj. 1. (of bread, dourl ) 
brown; 2. (pers.) very dark ; tainiy , 

BIS [bi.] adv. 1. ticice: 2. (of ni:m- 
bers of houses) and a half; 3. (at thea- 
tres, concerts) encore; 4. (com.) bis. 

Avoir les honneurs du , to have the 
honor of being encored ; crier . to cry 
encore; crier ft. It encore; demand- 
er A, to encore. 

BISAlEUL [bi-ia-ieul] n. m. great 

BISAlEULE [bi-za-ieu-1] n. great 

BISANNUEL, LE [bi-ran nuM] adj. 
(bot.) biennial. 

BISBILLE [bi.-bi-i*] n. janylc; 
jangling ; jar. 

Personne en , jangler. f;tre eu , 
to jangle. 

iilSCAlEN [bis-ka-lin] n.m.long bar- 
relled musket. 

BlSCAlEN, NE [bii-ka-im, J-n] adj. 

1. Biscay an; of Biscay ; 2. (of mus- 
kets) long-barrelled. 

BISCAlEN, p. n. m. NE, p. n. Bio- 

BISCHOF [bi-.hof] n. m. bishop (li- 

BISCOENU, E [bii-ksr-nu] adj. 1 odd; 
strange ; outlandish. 

BISCOTlN [bi.-ko-tin] n. m. siceet bit- 

BISCUIT [bis-kui] n. m. 1. biscuit; 

2. siceet biscuit; 3. sponge-cake ; -L 
(pot.) biscuit; semi-vitrified porcelai;t. 

au beurre, tea-biscuit ; ft la cnSl- 
ler, Savoy-^=; de mer, 1. ship, sm 
= ; 2. cuttle-fish (back-bone of a cuttl.i 
fish) ; de Savoie, Savoy-cake. 

BISE [bi-z] n. north icind. 

Vent de , =. II fait une , ffiere le 
a =. 

BISEAU [bi-z:,;i n. m. 1. bevelling; 
basil ; 2. {car^.) feather edge ; 3. (culin.) 
kissing -crust; 4. {xtrmt) foot-stick ; 5. 
(print.) side-sUck. 

de cote, (print.) side-stick. Ma- 
niire de couper en , bevelling (wood). 
En , bird's mouth joint. Tailler en 
, to bevel, basil ; taille en , 1. bevel- 
led ; basiUed; 2. (carp.) featJier-edged. 

BISER [bi-z] V. n. (of grain) 1. to get, 
to grow briKon ; 2. to degenerate. 

BISER, V. a. to dye over again. 

BISET [bi-zj] n. m. 1. coarse gray 
doth; 2. national guard on duty in 
private clot/ies; 3. (orn.) rock dove. 

Pigeon , (orn.) rock-dove. En , 
(of national guards) in private clotlies. 

BISETTE [hi-zj-t] n. /oo^tnf/ (lace). 

BISHOP [bi-shop] n. m. bishop\[\r^\\or). 

BISMUTlI [biz-mut] n. m. (min.; bis- 
muth: ^tin-glass. 

BISON [bi-zon] n. m. (mam.) bison. 

BISONNE [bi-zo-n] n. "bisonn*"' 
(gray cloth used for lining). 

BISQUAIN [bU-kin] n. m. sheepskin 
icith tlie icool on. 

BISQUE [bi.-k] n. (tennis) odds. 

Avoir quinze et sur la partie, % U 
have tlie odds in o.'s favor ; donni' t 
qninze et , to give the odds ; proiici e 
sa , to choose o.'s time. 

BISQUE, n. (culin.) bisk ; cuUis. 

BISSACJbi lak] n. m. waUet. 

BlriSECTION [bi-.Jk-icn] n. (gi-om | 

BISSEXE rbi-.Jk-.] adj. bisexous 

BISSEXTE [bi-siks-tj n. ni. bissextile, 

BISSEXTIL, E [bl-84kB-tiI, i-l] adj. bit- 

An nee e, bissextile ; leap-year. 

BISSEXUEL, LE [bi-86k-.u-il] a4J 

BISSUS fbi...!.] F. Byssus. 

BISTORTE [bis-tr t] n. (bot) I to 
tort; ^ snake-ueed. 





amal; <Jinale; ^f6e; eftive; efCte; ^je; iil; Jile; omol; omjle; r!iniort; wsuc; ^sflre; owjour; 

Kenoude , (bot.) snal'e iceed. 

15IST0ET1EK [W-r-ti4] i. m. 
(pliajm.) pestle. 

IJISTOUEI [bU-tou-ri] n. m. (surg.) hu- 

BISTOURN:^, E [bis-tournc] adj. twist- 
f.l; crooked. 

BISTOUENEPv [bia-tour-n6] V. a. * to 

r.ISTRE [bit-lr] n. m. (paint) bistre. 

lilSTREU-X, SE [bi.-trea, ei-z] adj. of 

151T0ED [bi-t6r] n. m. (nav.) spun- 

BITTE [bi-t] n. f. (nav.) bit. 

BITTEE [bi-ti] V. a. (nav.) to bit. 

BITTON [bi-ton] n. rn. (nav.) 1. ttmber- 
k^ad ; 2. s, pi. sheet-bits ; small bits. 

BITUME [bi-tu-m] n. m. bitumen. 

so'.ide, compact =. 

BITUMlNi:, E [bi.tu-mi-ii] adj. bitu- 

BITUMINER [bi-tn-nii-n] V. a. to hi- 

BITUMINEU-X, SE [bi-tu-mi-ueu, ei-z] 

at\j. bituminous. 

BIVAC [bi-vak] BIVOUAC [bi-vouak] 
n. in. (mil.) bivouac. 

BIVALVE [bi-val-v] adj. (nat. hist.) 
hivalee; bivalcous; 'i two-valved. 

BIVALVE, n. m. (nat hist) bivalve. 

BIVAQUEE [bi-va-ki] BIVCUA- 
QUEE [bi-voim-kij V. n. (mil.) to bi- 

BIZAEEE [bi-za-r] adj. 1. whimsical; 
fantastical ; 2. odd ; strange. 

BIZAEEE, n. m. L tchimsicalness ; 
fantasticalness ; 2. oddness; strange- 

BIZAEEEMENT [bi-za-r-man] adv. 1. 
whiinsically ; fantastically ; 2. oddly ; 

BIZAEEEEIE [bi-za-r-ri] n. f. 1. whim- 
sical?iess ; fantasticalness ; 2. oddness; 
oddity ; strangeness. 

Ear , whimsically; ^ out of a ichlm, ; 
piii pure , oiit of slieer whimsicalness, 
0: vj/>'ice. 

BLADE [bia-d] n. f. tobacco-box. 

BLAFAED, E, [bia-ter, ,i] adj. (of co- 
lor, liglit) 1. palish ; 2. wan ; 3. dim. 

BLAGUE [blag] n. f. 1. tobacco-box ; 
8. 1^^ (til.) humbug ; fudge. 

BLAGUEE [bla-gh] V. n. IW to tell 
wonderful stones ; -to stretch t/t-e can- 

BLAGUEUE [bla-gheur] n. m. |^~ 
(pcrs.) humbug. 

BLAIEEAU [bl!:-r6] n. m. (mam.) 
badger ; hog, pig badger. 

A. jainbes de , badger-legged. 

BLAMABLE [bla-ma-bl] adj. blama- 
ble ; * blameful ; censurable ; culpa- 
ble; faulty. 

D'une manifrre , culpably. :tre , 
to ba blamable, ^ to blame ; to be cen- 
surable, culpable, faulty. 

BL AME [bia-m] 11. m. 1. blame ; cen- 
iure ; dispraise ; 2. reflection ; vitupe- 
ration; a. obloquy ; 4. censure (repri- 

Dlgne de , blamable ; blame- 
wortliy ; reprehensible; exempt do , 
1. blameless ; 2. unblamed. Vote de , 
90te of censure. De , (V. seiises) vi- 
tuperative. Avec , (K. senses) dis- 
jyraisingly ; reflectingly ; sans , 1. 
blameless ; 2. unblamed ; imcen^ured ; 
wnreproached. Attirer du (a), to 
draw censure (oji) ; deverser du (sur), 
to cast censure {on) ; d6verser 1b sur 
q. u., to lay the blame u/pon a. o, ; de- 
verser, Jeter le (en passant) (sur), to 
cast, to throw a slur (^ipon) ; donner le 

de q. ch. h q. u., to blame a. o. for a. 
th. ; ("tre un sujet de , to be reflected 
<M ; jcter le sur, to reflect on, upon ; 
porter le de, to bear tlie blame of; 
rejc*;or le de q. ch. sur q. ii., to tliroxo 
ttve blame of a. th. upon a. o. ; voter le 

- - (centre), to ^ass a vote of censure 
{on, u])07i). Ocia liii a tounie k , he 
was, has been blam-fdfor it. 

BLAmEE [bli-j..; V. a. 1. to blame; 
m censure ; to cast ctvsure on., upon ; 
to reprove ; to reject on, upon ; to cast 
'cfl^cUons on, upon ; to censure (re- 


Personne qui bliuiie, blamer ; cen- 
surer. Etre a , to lie to blame., e, pa. p. V. senses of Blamer. 

Non , unblamed ; wncensured ; un- 
reproved ; unrefiected on. 


Bhitner means to disapprove of the actinna ur t-.m- 
duet of any one ; cen^urer, to express that disap- 
probation in a public manner ; rapriuiander, to re- 
prove any one for a fault, and at the same time 
enjoin him not to commit it again. Every virtu- 
ous n'jin has a right to hlamer {blavit) him vi'lio 
conducts himself improperly ; the magistrate, the 
superior, only, has the right to ceiisurer {censure) ; 
the father r^primande {reprimaiuis) his children. 

BLAN-C, CHE [blan, sh] adj. 1. 1 
wltite ; 2. || clean (not dirty) ; 3. || blank 
(not written on) ; 4. || hoar; 5. (by age) 
/war; hoary; (J. %fair; 1. clear; 8. 
(of coin) silver; 9. (print) (of type) 
02>en ; 10. (vers.) blank. 

1. Un cheval , rt white hme. 2. Du linge , 
clean tintn ; dea verrea a, clean ff'asses ; des 
assiettes blanches, clt-aii p aies. 3. Une page 
blanche, a blank page. 4. Uelee blamhe, \v ar/r-a/. 

comme un linge, as white as a 
sfieet; comme la neige, ^ comme 
ne;ge, as white as snotc. 

BLANC [blan] n. m. 1. wliite (white 
color) ; 2. white (person) ; 3. blank ; 4. 
white (mark to aim at); 5. (of eggs) 
white; 6. (of the eye) white; 7. (culin.) 
white sauce ; 8. (print.) blank ; 9. (print) 
margin ; white line. 

bale, dirty white. de chaux, 
{mas.) white-wash ; mise au de chaux, 
=: -washing ; d'Espagne, Spanish 
:= ; whiting ; de fard, pearl-j)Oicder ; 
pearl-z^; de feu, ca7ident; de 
plomb, white lead. Eabrique, manufac- 
ture de de plomb, white-lead works ; 
ligne de , (jjrint) white line ; ^nargin ; 
tirage en , (print) working the white 
paj>er ; tirant sur le , (bot.) canes- 
cent. En , blank ; unwritten ; avec 
le nom en , (law) (of deeds) dormant. 
Aller, tirer en , (print) to work the 
while paper ; donner un de chaux a, 
(mas.) to z^-wash ; laisser en , to leave 
blank ; habiller, vetir de, en , to dress 
in = ; pa.sser du au noir, to go from 
one extreme to another. 

BLANC-BEC [bliin-bok]. i: Beo. 

BLANCllAILLE [blau-sha-i*] n. tfi-y; 
small fry. 

BLANCIIATEE [] adj. 1. 
whitish ; 2. (did.) eanescent. 

Couleur , whitishness. 

BLANCHE [blan-sh] n. f. (muf.) mi- 

BLANCHEMENT [blan-sh-man] adv. 

BLANCIIEEIE [blan-sh-ri] n. f. F. 

BLANCHET [blan-shJ] n.m.l. (pharm.) 
blanket ; 2. (print) blanket. 

BLANCIIEUE [blan-sheiir] n. f. 1. 

whiteness; 2. (by age) hoariness ; 8. 
(of the hair) whiteness ; Iwariness ; 
* hoar. 

Donner de la , to wash (the com- 
plexion, the skin) white. 

BLANCH IMENT [blan-shi-man] n. m. 
\. (of metals) washing; 2. (a. & m.) 
bleaching ; blanching ; 3. (bot) blanch- 

BLANCHIE [bian-shir] V. a. 1. J to 
whiten ; 2. || to blanch ; 3. to wash 
(render clean) ; 4. || to white-wash ; 5. |1 
(in the air) to bleach ; 6. (pers.) to wash 
for (a. o.) ; 7. to blanch over (to justi- 
fy) ; 8. to blanch (metals, plants) ; 9. to 
bleach (v&x); 10. (a. & m.) to bleach; 
11. (arts) to dress; to trim; to rough 
doivn; 12. (culin.) to boil off; to scald 
off'; 13. (hort) to blanch ; 14. (mas.) to 
white-wash ; 15. (print) to blank out ; 
10. (tech.) to whiten. 

3. le linge, to wash linen. 6. q. u., to wash 
for a. V. 

bien, ( V. senses) to wash clean ; 

ii neuf, ( V. senses) to clear-starch ; 

a la chaux, hU lait de chaux, (mas.) 
to irhite-icash ; to whiten. Eau a 
white-wash ; machine a , (a. & m.) 
washing-engine; =^ -inachine; per- 
sonne qui blanchit, ( V. senses) whitener 
{of). (Jul ne blanchit pas, ( V. senses) 
unideaching (in the air). 

Se ULAN'ciim, pr. v. ( V. senses of 

Bi.ANCiiiii) 1. H (DE, with) to whiten; 2 
(th.) to irash. 

BLANCHIE, V. n. 1. II to whitm; tc 
get white; 2. ii (in the air) to bleaoA; 
8. !| (pers.) io wash; 4. (pers.) to gr'/Ui 
gray ; 5. (th.) to fail ; 6. (a &, ijq.) to 

Fairc , 1. J to whiten; 2. H to 
blanch; 3. || (In the air) to &^oc/; , 4, 
(a. & m.) to bleach; 6. (culin.) fc ,* U 
off; to scald off; 6. (hort) to bl-aiu-'k. 
Tons ses efforts n'oiit fait que , all his 
efforts have proved ineffectual, 'unurt- 

BLANCIIISSAGE [blan-shi-sa-j] t. la 

1. leashing ; 2. wash. 

en Un, a neuf, clear-starching. 
Envoycr au , to send to the wash. 

BLANCHISSANT, E [blan-shi-san, t] 
adj. 1. tliat whitens, grows white; 2. 
foaming ; 3. (did.) albescent. 

BLANCIIISSEEIE [ bliin-shi-s-ri ] 
BLANCIIEEIE [blic-sh-ri] n. f. (a. &m.) 
bleach-works ; blanc .'-ig-house. 

SE [eu-z] n. f 1. washer-man, va. ; 
washer-worn ati, f. ; 2. (a. itm.) bleacher. 

de fin, a neuf, clear-starcher. 
BLANC-MANGEE [blan-min-ji] n. m., 

pi. , (culin.) blanc-mange. 

BLANQUE [blan-k] n. f. lottery (pri- 

BLANQUETTE [blin-kj-t] n. f. 1. 
blanquette (wine) ; 2. (bot.) blanket 
(pear), 3. (culin.) blunquette (ragout 
with white sauce) ; 4. (ich.") white bait. 

BLAQUE [blft-k] n. f. tobacco-box. 

BLASEE [bla.z6] V. a. 1. H to j^att ; 
to blunt ; to vitiate (the taste) ; 2. to 
surfeit ; to sicken ; 3. 'x harden. 

1. le gout, to pall the ia:tc. 

f;tre blase (sur) | , to be pnUcti 

Se BLA8ER, pr. V. 1. II (SUR, W>t?i) tC 

be palled ; 2. to be surfeited,' oick 

BLASON [bia-zon] n. m. 1. UvaUli'j. 
blazon ; * emblazonry . 2. coat oj 

BLASONNEl: [bla-zc-n6] V. a. 1. '; ti 
blazon (explain armorial bearings) ; ft; 
emllazon ; 2. || to paint (armorial bcai- 
ings); 3. to censure; to criticize; tc 
r^ect on; 4. (engrav.) to direct (tht 

partout, to := over. 

BLASPHiMA-TEUE [blas-f^-ma-tear] 
n. m. TEI'CE [tri-s] n. f blasphemer. 

BLASPHilMATOIEE [blar-f-ma-to 
adj. blaspheinmis. 

BLASPHEME [blas-ii-m] n. m. 1. 
blasphemy ; 2. blasphemous thing. 

Avec , blasphemously. Dire, pro- 
fcTer un , to speak, to utter blas- 
phemy ; faire un , to commit blas- 

BLASPHliMEE [blas-f6-m6] V. a. || % 
to blaspheme. 

BLASPUfiMER, v. n. | to bla- 

BLATIEE [bla-ti] n. m. corn-cluind- 

Marchand , =. 

BLATTE [bla-t] n. f. (ent) 1. cock 
roach (genus) ; 2. mill-moth. 

d'Amerique, cock-roach. 
BLAUDE [bio.d] n. f. V. Blouse. 
BL:6 [bi6] n. m. 1. corn; w/ieat; 2, 

corn-field ; 3. (agr.) grain. 

barbu, coriie, stiff wheat ; cr- 
goto, (agr.) spoiled grain ; grands a, 
wheat ana rye ; meteil, wheat min'ed 
with, rye; fioiiient, wheat; seit,'I<i, 
rye ; noir, f^arrasin, bucK-ichtui ; 
petita 9, barley and oats ; dcfl C.'i.- 
naries, (bot) Cnuai-y-grasa ; dii 
pagne, dlnde, de Turquie, maize Jh 
dian corn; (le Mars, spring s-WK 
7ner =. .en herbe, corn -in the ll:uh. 
Champ, piece de , cornfield; uistil- 
bution (le mensuelle, (Eom. ant.) 
frumentation ; (^'pi de , ear of corn ; 
corn-stalk ; tocteur pour le , corn- 
factor ; feuille de , corn-blade ; gerbe 
de , shea.f of corn; ** corn-sheaf; 
marchand (le , corn-dealer ; meuU 
de , (agr.) corn-stack ; iicgociant en 
corn-merc/ui't De , whta'.en. Dc 





o& ]o(lte; MJeu; eAjeftne; il[ieur; <Mipan; 5n pin ; on ban; wihmn; Uliq; *gn liq. 

r.u6 do , cornlens. Manger son en 
rerbe, en vert, to spend o.'s money he- 
fiyr one geU it. C'est du en grenier, 
it is an good its wheat. 

BLKIMK [ble-.n] n. f. (vet.) hleyme. 

BL^.MK [t.l6-m] adj. 1. salloio ; 2. (of 
thC' complc.'Cion, countenance) lean. 

Couleur , saUowness ; teint , ican- 

ItL^JIIR [bU-mir] V. n. 1. (of tlie com- 
! I'xiou, countenance) to j7/'cw wan; 2. 
ti.' Iiirn, to r/rnio pale. 

l.'UK'i'DK [UAn-d] n. f (min.) hlende; 
^ iiicch. ore. 

i'.LKNNIE [l)lJ.n-nl] n. f. (ich.) Ileum/. 

BLENNENT6RIE [blen-nan-t-ri] n.'f. 
(ijied.) di/senter\/. 

mi] n. f (med.) Iilennophthtihnia. 

BLENNOKRHAGIE [blin-no-rn-ji] n. 
C (mcd.) hlertnorrhagia. 

BLENNOKRIIliE [bUn-no-r^] n. f. 
(med.) hlennorrhma ; *{ gleet. 

BLENNOSE [bien-no-z] n. f (med.) 
catarrh ; affection of a mttcous mem- 

BLENNOTIIORAX [blin-no-to-i-nlte] n. 
31. (med.) pn/monitry catarrh. 

BLENNURfiTRIE [bIen-nH-r4-tri] n. f. 
med.) bleniiorrhagia. 

BLENNIJRIE [bljn-nu-ri] n. f. (med.) 
catarrh of the Idadder. 

BLl'lPli A RITE [bl-fa-ri-t], 

PHAR0TI9 [bl-fa-rof-tiil-mi, bU-Ca-ro-tia] 
n. f. (med.) Idepharophthdlmia ; in- 
hammatwn of the eyelids. 

BLl!;i'IIAliOPT(VSE [bW-fa-rop-to-i] n 
C (med.) hleph(tro[)tosis. 

BLESSANT, E [bli-iiin, t] adj (pour, 
to) 1. offhmne; 2. .^hoc/ring. 
Pas , inoffensive. Nature e, of- 
/ensiveness. D'une manlere e, offen- 

BLESSER [bU-.f] V. a. 1. II to hurt 
(Ki\ 8 pain by liodily liirm); 2. II to injure 
(M great bodily liarra to); to do an in- 
fr.'iy to ; 3. (with solution of continuity) 
I'o "Jc'.iKd ; to give a wound to ; 4. (of 
llci.t iretriiff-apparel) to pinch; 5. to 
'l <i^ ; to injure ; to he injurious, pre- 
judicial to; 6. to hurt'; to hurt the 
fcdings of; to offend ; to he qffensire 
to; 7. to wound (oflFend greatly); to 
cut ; *f to gall ; ^ to sting ; to grate ; 8. 
(db, at) to offend (a. th.) ; to shock. 

1. n aVat hhaii a la main on au pieH, /(# has 
hm\ hit hand or his f'liit. -2. II a ('to bhin'. frii^ve- 
nieiit uar une chute, he hat hrfi ffrrat'ii iiijnrnd 4v 
a/a/f. 3. q, u. d'nn cout) d*6pee on d*iin eonp 
ie fuBiI, to wound a. o. with a sioi/rd or a shot ; 
J. u. a la tfte on au ocEur, ( wound a. o. in thf 
heal or in the htart. 6. In rfpulatiim de q. u., 
<*> hurt, to injure a. o.' reputation. 8. la \iie, 
to offend, to shuck the sight. 

griSvement, 1. to hnrt grieronsly, 
seriously ; 2. to injure severely; 3. to 
wound severely, grievou.ily ; par der- 
rifire, to wound behind ; au cceur , 
to wound to the heart ; h mort, 1. to 
injure mortally ; to do a mortal, dead- 
ly injury to ; 2. to wound mortaUy. 
au vif , to wound to the quick. 

Blesse, k, pa. p. V. senses of Blks- 


Non , 1. I unhurt; 2. || iiMinjii,red ; 
8. I unioounded; 4. unhurt; unin- 
jured; unprejtidieed ; 5. ^unhurt; 
vmofe/nded ; 6. umvounded ; nn- 
gaUed ; unstung. A' scaiovcc, smitten, 
captivated. Avoir le cerveau , to he 

8b BLE8SER, pr. V. 1. \ to hurt o.'s self; 
8. I to injure o.'s self; 3. I to wound o.'s 
ts'f; 4. (i)E, <it) to he hurt, offended ; 
(S fake offence; 5. ^ (de, at) to be 
J ilkd, stung. 

4. De q\ioi vwis fj^estez-voua ! what are you of- 
fended at f 

BLESSURE [bl4-8u-r] n. f. ]. |17tw>'<; 
iJ. II injury ; 3. 4. || (with solution of con- 
tinuity) wound; 4. (a, to) wound; 
voounding ; injury. 

rnortelle, 1. 1 deadly, mortttl 
wound; 2. mortal =. sous la solle 
(vet.) flank. Certificat de , (mil.) 
umart-ticket ; gratification pour , (mil.) 
stnart-rnoney. Sans , 1. un/iurt ; vn- 
1-niu.rikt ; 2 uvfrnrred ; 8. wctmJ^s. 

Faire une h, to give a = to; to 
wound ; fernier une , to close a =. 

A' II. Bl.KssuKK, PI.AIK. The h'esanre is the 
mark of a bhtw received; the p'aie is a breach 
made in the skin, wliether by a blow or by the 
luali^rnrty of humors. The h'essare is sninetimea 
oidy a CI utufiinn ; the p'a/e always implies a divi- 
BJon of the tieah. Fi^iratively, hlessure aij^ities 
loss, damage, injury done to the honor, the reputa- 
peace ; pfaie is applied to more serii 

evils to great h sses, to distressing afflictions, to 
overwhelmhig trials, 

BLilTE, BLETTE [bU-t] n. f. (bot) 
blite ; straicherry blite ; *{ wild blite. 
Atnarante , wild hlite. 
BLETTE, adj. f. (of fruit) melloic. 
Non , (of fruit) unmello^oed. 
BLEU, E [bleu] adj. 1. blue (of blue 
color); 2. (of the flesh) black and blue. 
Tout , (of tlio tiesli) ff^^ over black 
and blue ; black and blue all over. 
Couleur e,blue; blueness. Pierre e, 
stone blue. D'une cou.i- ir e, bluely ; 
de teinte e, bluely. Baltre q. u. tout 
, to heat a. o. black and =. 

BLEU, n. m. 1. blice (color) ; 2. blue- 

Beau , true-=; demi , Waterloo 

=. d"a/.ur, d'einpois, smalt; de 
ciel, sky--=; de cobalt, do Thenard, 
cobalt-:^: ; d'indigo, (paint.) indigo 
= ; en pate, (dy.) ^:z-cuke ; en 
poudre, poi.oder-=: ; de Prusse, Pi~us- 
sian :^. Mettre on , (dy.) to blue; 
pas.ser an , (washing) to blue ; teindre 
en , to dye =:. 

BLEUATRE [bleu.a-tr] adj. bluish. 
Couleur, teinte , bluishness. 
BLEUET [bleu-ej n. m. V. Bli-et. 
BLEU I R [bleu-ir] V. a. to Hue. 
BLINDAGE [blin-da-j] n. m. 1. (build., 
engin.) sheeting ; j)oling ; 2. (mil.) po^- 

BLINDER [biin-df] V. a. 1. (build., en- 
gin.) to shest ; 2. (mil.) to protect with 
blinds ; 3. (nav.) to protect with fen- 

BLINDES [blin-d] n. f (pi.) (fort.) 

BLITE [bli-t] n. f V. Bllte. 
BLOC [blok] n. m. 1. bUtck; 2. log; .3. 
clump ; 4. (of stone, wood) block ; stock ; 
5. stocks (instrument of punishment) ; C. 
(mining) Idea. 

Gros , clu/inp. do boi.s, 1. wooden 
block; 2. (tech.) hlock-tcood ; do 
plomb, (engr.) cushion. A u , in the 
stocks ; en , in a, the lump. Prendre 
en , to take in a lump ; to lump. 
BLOC AGE [bio-ka.j] n. m. 
BLOCAILLE [blo-ka-i*] n. f. (build.) 1. 
pebble ; pebble-stone ; 2. rubhle--<tone ; 
pebhle-work ; 3. (i)rint.) turned letter. 
BLOCKIIAUS [blo-k6.] n. m. {.wood- 
en block-house. 

BLOCUS [blo-kns] n. m. 1. (mil.) in- 
vestment; 2. (nav.) blockade. 

Faire lo do, 1. (mil.) to invest; 2. 
(nav.) to blockade; lever le , to raise 
the blockade. 

BLOND, E [blon, d] adj. 1. (of the com- 
plexion) fair; 2. (of the hair) light; 
.flaxen ; 3. ** golden ; 4. (of tia.\) ligJit- 
colored ; 5. (culin.) not broion. 

Delicat et ^ %,partitiular ; difficult 
to please. 

BLOND, n. m. E, n. f. 1. (of the com- 
\t\ey.\on) fairness ; 2. (of the Ua.ii)light- ; 3. (xi&T?,.)fair per,son. 

ardent, sandy col^r ; dor6, 
golden; de (ilasse, ^rta;e?i. D'un 
ardent, sandi/. 

BLONDE [blon-d] n. f. blond; figured 

BLONDI-ER [blon-di^] n. m. i;RE, 
[J-r] n. f. tilond-Uice-maker. 

BLONDIN [blon-din] n. m. E, [i-n] n. 
1. light-luiired person; 2. oeau; 

BLONDIR [bion-dir] v. n. t to assume 
a golden liue. 

BLONDISSANT, E [blon-di-snn, t] adj. 
t assn^ning a golden hue ; ** gol-aen. 

BLOQUft [bio-k] n. m. (bil.) ball 
lulled imth strength. 

BLOQUER [blo-k.^] V. H. 1. (mil.) to 
blockade; 2. (bil.) to hole (the ball) loith 
strength; 3. (mas.) to block up; 4. 
(jTint) to turn. 

BLOTTIR (SE) [s6-blo-tirj pr. v. t/. 
cmcer; to squat; to squat aoion. 

BLOUSE [blou-7,] n. f. \. smoek-fr.K!: ; 
2. (for boys, gentlemen) blouse; 3 {iui 
children) pinafore ; 4. (for ^ovui'jj 
wrapper ; ,5. (liil.) pocket. 

BLOUSER [biou (!] V. a. 1. (bil.) U> 
hole; 2. to deceive ; to misleaa, 

Sb bi.ousek, pr. v. 1. (bil.) Cc hale c.''i 
own ball ; 2. to mistake grossly ; to hi 
grossly mistaken; to muke a gro'4. 

BLUET rbiu-J] n. m. 1. (bot.) wm- 
centaury ; \ blue-bottle ; ^ blue-bon- 
nets ; t bottle-fi,oiver ; 2. (orn.) blue- 

BLUETTE [blu-J-t] n. f 1. 1 spark; % 
spark ; flash ; 3. light productiot; 
(bock) oficit. 

BLUTAGE [biu-tu-j] n. m. batiyig 

BLUTEAU [blu-t6] n. m. F. Blutoir. 

BLUTER [hiu-t] V. a. to bolt (sift). 

Iluohe a , bolting-hutch. 

Bh;te, e, pa. p. bolted. 

Non , unholted. 

BLUTERIE [blu --ri] n. f. boUir^- 

BLUTOIR, BLUTEAU [blu-toar, t6l il 
m. 1. bolter ; 2. bolting-machine, mill, 

Bn, abbreviation of Bakon. 

Bnnk, abbreviation of Baronne. 

BOA [boa] n. m. 1. (erp.) boa ; 2. ioii 
(for the neck). 

constrictor, dovin, constrictor; 
boa-co7iKtrictor ; buffalo-stiake. 

BOBfeClIE [bo-b6-ah] n. f. 1. econoe; 
i. socket. 

BOB IN [bo-b!n] n. m. hohbinet. 

Metier mecanique pour faire lo ^ 
=i-frame ; tulle , =. 

BOBINE [bo-bi-n] n. f. (spin.)6o6M; 

Ouvrage fait a la , (spin.) bobM~i- 

BOBINER [bo] v. a. (spta.) t) 

BOBO [bo-bo] n. m. t slight hurl; 

Avoir un a, to have something tV 
matter with. 

BOCAGE [bo-ka-j] n. m. grove; hit- 

BOCAG-ER, i;RE [bo-ka-j^ ji-r] fOj. 
** of the groves. 

BOCAL [bo-kai] n. ni. 1. bottle (short- 
necked) ; 2. glass bowl ; 3. globe ; 4. 
jar ; 5. (of a wind instrument) mout/i- 

d'etalage, do montre, shmc-glasa. 
BOCARD [bo-kar] n. m. (metal) 

crushing - ma chine ; pounding - m-a- 
chine ; mill ; stamp ; stamper ; stamp- 
mill ; stamping-mill, 

BOCARDAGE [bo-kor-da-j] n. m. 
(metal.) crushing ; pounding ; stam,p- 

BOCARDER [bo-kar-d6] v. a. (metal) 
to crush, to pound, to stamp (ore). 

BO DINE [bo-di-n] n. f. (nav. arch.) 

BODRUCIIE [bo-dru-sh] n. f. V. Bas 


BffiUF [beuf] n. in. 1. (mam.)oa; (ani- 
mal); 2. (ilesli) beef; 3. (flesh) buU; 4, 
(pers.) oa: ; beef-eater. 

bouilli, boiled beef; gras, fat 
ox; marin, (mam.) s'ea-coio ; fiitl, 
roast = ; sale, salt, corned =;. de 
labor, laboring, working oa;. u In 
mode, d la mode =:; en ragout, 
stewed =^. a bosse, (mam.) /ndiaiL, 
hunch-backed bull; de trail, drufl 
ox. 6taule a -T-s, ox-stall ; tie) de 
ox-gall; ox-bile; mangeur do, bcff 
eater; mort au,\- s, (bot) oxba'n\ 
pii'ce de , * 1. piece of=: ; 2. stitndln^ 
dish; S.% principal thing. Troupotil' 
do 8, lierd, drove of oxen. Louri.' 
comme un , beef-witted. Otmmc.iiri 
, ox-like. ' 

il 6at..'tt. 

[ riie _/ ia not pnnounced in the 
and in A/' t/ra-i.] 

BCEUFS [beu] pi. of BasuR 
BOGIIEI [bo-ghJ] n. m. gig (liglii> 
BOGUE [bog] n. f. (bot.) (of (ih,1 
nuts) husk. 
iiOUt: [bo-6] n. m. bohea (to.). 




a inal; a male; e fue; e fove; e Ete; ^je; i il; f \'e; o mo\\ u mole; 6 mort; it sue; m sure; owjonr ; 

B0n:6A, BOU,BOUI [bo--a, bou, bou-i] 
X xa. holiea (tea). 

Th6 , = tea. 

BOHEME n.oe-m1, 

BOll^MIEN, Nfi [bo-miin, iJ-n] adj 1 
B:>hemi(in ; 2. gi/p'^U- 

BOIIEME, n.iii. f. BOIlfiMIEN, n. 
a:. NE, n. f. i. Bohemian; 2. Oj/pti/. 

De , des s, gypmj-like. Etat do , 
j\/piivisjn ; lanuaire des s, gypsy. 

BOlAIil) [bo^iar] n. m. V. Bovard. 

BoTRAi, ind. flit. 1st sinfi. of Boire. 

BoiRAiB, cond. 1st, 2d sins;. 

BOIRE [boa-r] V. n. irr. (buv.^nt; bu; 
ud. pres. liois ; nous buvons ; ws, boi- 
7bnt; pret bus; subj. pros, boive; nous 
uuYiONs; II.8 boivent) 1. to drink; 2. 
(b. 8.) to drink; to tipple ; 3. (of paper) 
U) hlot; 4. (needle- work) to be puckered. 

I. duTis un verre, (i. drink out nf a g'ats ; a 
mie biiuteille, (., drink cnit of a "hottte ; a In 
cviupe de q. n.. /.. drink nf a. o.'t cup. 

bien, diir, fort, ^ to drink hard ; 

copieiisement. to = copioiislij ; * to 
carouse; to quaff; sec, to = neat; 

tou.jours, to = away; a. grands 
traits, to drink deep ; ^ to sicig. Et de 

et de rire, and all ended in drink- 
ing and laughing ; a la ronde, to = 
round, about ; a la sant6 de, to=^to 
(a. o.); to = health to (a. o.); to drink 
(a. o.'s) health ; a sa soif, to = 
when one is tliirsty ; a longs traits, to 

deep; t to swig; a tire-larigot, 
comme une Oponge. un temjilier, un ton- 
r. eaa, un trou to =: like a fish. Kaire ^ 1. 
J to make drink; 2. to soak; 3. (needle- 
work) to pucker ; faire a la ronde, to 
put the glass round. 

BOIIJE, V. a (conj. like Botre) 1. || to 
irink; ** to quaff; 2. | ^ to drink of, 
%s/p ; to quaff off; 3. || 5^ to sup ; to sup 
up ; 4. II (b. s.) to drink ; to tipple; 6. 
(th.) to imhihe ; to absorb ; to suck up ; 
8. ? to pocket (an affront) ; to put up 

5. L'(''|mnge hit I'eiui, tpotige imbibts, absorbs 

Donner i\ , 1. to give (a. o.) sowe- 
Uiiig to dri))k; 2. to sell drink ; 3. (a) 
(<> icater (animals); donner pour , to 
yire xoDieihing /or o.'s self; to give 
drink mon-ey ; elcver a , to bring up 
( ''lil.l) by hand ; voulez-vous ? icill 
lou take a. th. to = ? ^*^ On ne saurait 
(hire tin :'ine sil n'a soif, qui n'a soif, 
you may take a hor.te to water, but you 
can't make him drink; ^*^ qui a bu 
boira, a icild goose never laid a tame 

avidemont, to drink greedily ; |^~ 
U> ificill; copieusement, to = copi- 
uuxly ; to quaff; * to carouse; d'un 
coup, to = off; d'nn seul coup, trait, to 

at a draught; un doigt de, to = 
the. leant drop of; jusqua la lie, to 
Uniiu. to tlie dregs ; son soul, to = o.'s 
fill. Animal qui boit encore, suckling ; 
chose a , drinkable. A . 1. some- 
thing to = ; 2. some drink; .3. (comp.) 
drinking ; pour , 1 . to = ; 2. /fer o.'s 
self; for drink-money ; faire q. cli. a 
11. u., to give a. o. a. th. to drink; to 
mtike (a. o.) drink (a. th.) 

BOIKE, n. m. 1. drinking; 2. drink. 

et manger, meat and drink ; le 
ot le inanger, eating and drinking. 

Bois, ind. pres. 1st, 2d sing.; impera, 
!*>! sing, of BoiRE. 

BOIS [boa] n. m. 1. 1 wood ; 2. i thn- 
t>er ; 8. (jest. ) timher ; 4. II wood-land ; 
5. + cross (of Christ); 6. (of certain ani- 
mals) horns; head ; 1. (of beds) tied- 
Htead; 8. (of flre-arms) stock; 9. (of 
Itinces, etc.) staff. 

amer. (hot) ^ stave-^cood ; droit, 
ttraight-timber ; flotte, floating = ; 
,Vtinc. (ixit) knee holly; gcntll, joli, 
(Ixit.) niezereon ; daphns mezereum; 

Jiiune. (dy.) fustic; m.arn"'nteux, 
referred tiiiilier-trees : molt sur l>ied, 
lead =; neiif. cord =; noueu.N, 
IrtK-tty =: odovant, de seiitcur, 
odorous, xcenteil = ; premier , \. first 
=: 2. (hunt."* tenderling; puant. 
(hot) l>ea)i trefoil: liifd-cherry ; 
jjupai*. (but.) iiog-r=.:; 
7>WVr let- : sitlii. xouud =; saint, 


guaiaown ; ^ lignum vita ; san- 
glant (a. & m.) log-= ; sec, dry, sear 
= ; tenilre, soft ^= ; vert, re^erdi, 
green =:; verdoyant des Antilles, 
green =; ; vif, live ^. de Brcsil, 
de Fernambouc, Brazil ; Brazil-= ; e.\- 
trait de de Brcsil, juice of Brazil, 
razil-=z; de b-in, unhetcn timber; 

a bruler, de cliauffage,^r-= ; fuel ; 
de charpente, timber ; strength timber ; 

<le Chypre, (bot.) rose = ; de con- 
struction, timber ; de corde, fathom,- 
= ; do construction pour les vaisseau.x, 
ship-building timber; d ebenisterie, 
cabinet-makers' =; d'equarrissage, 
squared timber ; de haute fiitaie, 1. 
standing-timber ; 2. timber ; <le gar- 
nis.s,age, (tech.) facing board ; en 
gi'uine, round timber; de lifivre, 
(hot) ci/tLmis; de sante (V. sain) ; 

de Sainte-Lucie (bot) Mohalep = ; 
de mai (hot) hawthorn ; sur pied, 
standing timber; de refend. cleft, 
heicn, bolt tiinber. =: ; de Rhodes, de 
rose, (bot) rose-^ ; de sciage. saun 
timber, =. de teintnre, dye-^= ; de 
train, fioaiing :=. Arbre a , de , 
fuel-tree; brin de , straight piece of 
timber ; chantter de , 1. yard ; 2. tim- 
ber yard ; cultivateur de , ^=-groicer ; 
inspcctcur de , woodreeve ; marchand 
de , -^-merchant ; marchand de de 
construction, timber-m^rcluint ; milieu 
du , des , middle of the = ; ** mid- 
= ; ouvrage en , (build.) timber-^cork ; 
pays do , =z-la7id ; piece de de 
charpente, (build.) thnber ; train de , 
fioat, raft of = ; voie de , load of ^. 
De, en , wooden; sans , woodless. 
Aller au , (mil.) to go foraging for ^:^; 
convert de , wooded ; woody ; depour- 
vu de , icoodless ; enferme par des , 
entoure <le , =-botiitd ; faire provision 
de , to take in o.'s =, o.'s stock qf= ; 
pen garni de <le charpente, construc- 
tion, untimbered ; munir de de char- 
pente, to timber; ne savoir de quel 
faire tleche, not to know what shift to 
make ; ne savoir plus de quel faire 
flcche, to be red^iced to shifts ; to be put 
to o.'s shifts ; faire scclier le , to sea- 
son =. 

BOISAGE [bon-ia-j] n. m. 1. wood- 
work; 2. (tech.) timbering. 

BOISA, E [bo,a-je] adj. woody (covered 
with woods); wooded. 

Non, peu , (of a country) untim- 
bered. Pays , wood-land. 

BOISER', v. a. 1. to put the wood- 
tvork to : to do the xcood-^cork in. 

BOISERIE [boa-i-ri] n. f. 1. wainscot- 
ing ; wainscot; 2. (goth. arch.) screen. 

ijOISEU-X, SE [boa-zeu, eu-z] adj. 
ligneous : woody. 

BOISSEAU [bo:i-B5] n. m. (measure) 

Droit de tant par . Iiuslwlage. 

B0ISSEL:6E [ba-s-I6] n. f. bushel- 

BOISSELIER [b.<->-Ii] n. m. %chite 
cooper ; busliel-maker. 

BOISSELLERIf: [boa-.Jl-ri] n. f. rchite 
cooperage : Inishel-^naking. 

BOISSON [boft-5n] n. f. 1. beverage; 
drink. ; 2. ^ drinkable ; 3. (b. s.) drink ; 
dr^mkenness ; 4. grape-icat^r ; 5. (nav.) 
vinegar and water. 

d'ivrogne. tipple. Adonn6, sujet a. 
la , addicted to drinking, dmnken- 
ness ; drinking. 6tre pris dc , to be 

BOtTE [boa-t] n. f. 1. box ; 2. snuff- 
?/ox; .3. (of watches) case; 4. (anat) 
boa- ; h. (flre-works) nwrtar ; 6. (macli.) 
casting; 7. (nav.) (of rudders) case. 

de carton, hand-box ; de fer- 
blanc, 1. tin-box; 2. canUter ; aux 
Ifttres, de la poste, letter-box ; A ou- 
vrage, work-box; a perruque, icig- 
box ; a poudre, poicder-liox ; de, (print) hose; h th6, 1. tea- 
caildy ; 2. tea-can ist^er ; a vapeur, 
(steam.) Ueam-ch^xt ; de violon, rio- 
tin-case. I,ev(''e des s, (post) collec- 
tion. Enfenner dans une , to shut up 
in a liar ; fermer en , to box up ; 
fiourvfir d'une , to box. 

BOITE, n. f. {of cattie) foot-soreness. 

Avoir la , to be foot-sore. 

BOITE, n. f. (of wine) maturity. 

En , fit to drink. 

BOITEMENT [boa-umin] n. in. hrUt 
ing ; limping. 

BOITER [boa Kk\ V. n. to halt; to Ufr,> , 
to be lame; j^?~ to liobble. 

tout bas, to limp badly. 'pAf- Jj.t 
eheval qui boite, (vet.) spring haU. I -t 
boitant 1. II haltingly; limpingly ; C. 


BOITERIE [bo-t-ri] n. (vet) ij^ 

BOITEU-X, SE [bo-te, u-x] adj. 1. | 
halt; limping ; lame ; 2. halt; Ionic ; 

8. (th.) rickety; 4. (of ribbons, shawk) 
with a single border. 

Attendre le , to wait for confirma- 
tion of intelligence. 

BOITEU-X, n. m. SE, n. f. halter; 
limper : lame person. 

BOlTIER [boa-US] n. m. box of surgi- 
cal instruments (used in the hospitals). 

BoivE, subj. pres. 1st, 3d sing, of 

BOL [boll n. m. 1. (min.) bole; 2. 
(pharm.) bolux ; bole. 

orientiil, d'Armenie, (min.) Arine- 
nian bole. 

BOL, n. in. 1. borc< ; 7. basin; S.fin- 

B0LAI1U-: [bo-i^-r] adj. (min.) bnlary. 

Tcrre , 1. (uiiii.) bole; 2. (p'larm.) 
bolus; bole. 

BOLET [bo-lJ] n. m. (bot) boletus. 

comestible, esculent =:. ama- 
dou\ier, tmich-wood. 

B0L:6TIQUE [bo-i-ti-k] adj. (chain.) 
boletic (acid). 

BOI.IVIEN, NE [bo-li vi-in, 4-n] fc.lj. & 
p. n. m. f. Bolivian. 

BOLON AIS, E [bo-lo-n6, .] adj. <;f Bo- 

BOLONAiS, p. n. m. E, p. n. &v 
lognese; native of Bolognu. 

BOLUS [bo-lus] n. m. (pharn .) 6oi'u6; 

BOMBANCE [bon-bSn-.] n. f. ^ \.g<Kd 
cheer, living ; 2. feasting ; 3. jtinXcl 

Faire ^, 1. to live well ; 2 to fetifi , 
to junket. 

BOMBARDE [bon-bar-d] n. f. 1. 1 Inrix- 
bard (instrument of war); 2. (mus.) 
bombardo ; 8. t (nav.) bomb-ketch, vei- 

IJOMBARDEMENT [b6n-ba.-d-mii] 
n. m. (mil.) bombardment. 

BOMBARDER [bon-barKls] V. i. (mil) 
to bombard. 

BOMBARDIER [bdu-bar-dis] n. rt 

BOMBASIN [bon-ba-zin] n. m. t botit 

BOMBE [bon-b] n. t sheU; bomb. 

Caisse de s. bomb-chest ; galiote k 
s, (nav.) ^^^-ketch, vessel. A Tcpreuve 
de la , ::=:-pro(f. liclater. partir com- 
me une , to go of like a xhot. 

BO.MBl^;. E [bon-w] Hilj. 1. cmivex; 2. 
bulged : 3. (eiisiii.) (of roads) barrelled. 

BOMBEMENT [hOn-b-man] n. m. 1. 
convexity; 2. bulging; stcelling out; 
S. jutting out; 4. (cngin.) (of roads) d/tir- 

BOMBER [bon-bs] v. a. 1. to make, to 
render convea- ; 2. to cause to bulge, to 
make bulge, srcell ozit; Z.tomakejiU 
out; 4. (engin.) to barrel (a road). 

BOMBER, V. n. 1. to be convex; 2. ti 
bulge ; to stcell out; 3. to jut out. 

BOMBERIE [bon-b-ri] n.C shell-fnun 
dry ; l/omJi-fmiwJry. 

BOMBEUR [bonbour] n. m. OOlIIKIll 

BOM.MEBIE [bo.m-ri] n. C t (omi 
nav.) bottomry. 

BON, NE [bdn, bo-n] a<lj. (comp. .vvir,- 
i.eur; sup. meilleur) 1. ( g wd ; 2, 
li good (to the palate); nice; s. (x>eni,) 
good; benignant; benign; 4 (|ki-s.) 
good-natured ; 5. Cb. ..) (p{j-s", simple; 
tilly; foolish; (i. ' (th.) right; 7. (i, 
for: \>r..lo. suDj.) good ; fit ; [roper; 
advantageouK ; beneficial ; pi ofitable ; 
8. (b. s.) real; regular ; 3. (th.) good; 
full; 10. (com.) (pers.) good ; svJ/rioiit. 

9. Cette viiuide est lrL*-&>M'fc '' iMmiiivm. 




oil joutc; en. jeu; eu jeuno; l peur; a/n pan; i i>in; on bon; an brun; *11 liq. ; *gD liq. 

pxjd, nice. 4. Celte petite flile n'et pns /.oiinc, 
l^aj /r(//e gill it nut jrood-natured. o. Que vuus 
Mrio , hino simple, f'-ollah yo* arc. 6. Le cott^, 
t/u; right ((/ ; la 6-/nrttr cauat', (iU right cawe. 1. 
Ce I'est pa pour moi, it is mtt giiud, proper, fit 
/or mt ; il est dc faire cela, it it proper to do 
tAal ; il eet que vous sachiez cela, it tt proper 
i-rt lK,u.'<t hu,w il. 9. Uiie hnne lieure, ? good, 
*.ij hKfUT ; une fco/m-- lieue, a good, full league, 

11. ffc :<d ! 2. rifirA< .' 3. noiu^ewie ! 
/itliDiment , ** all-bounteous; all- 
Unvntif'-d. cela! c'est ! 1. tlutt is 
vj^.hZl 2. gjod that! liotnme, bonne 
tcit'.me, nimple soul. a q. cli., =^/or 
Knnething ; ii rien, =/Kr nothinq. 
A tlrer (print) for press ; pre.-is. Tout 
tie , 1. in earliest; 2.for=-and all. 
k qiioi (de) ? whai, avails it (to) ? 
uihat profits f to what purpose? to 
what purpose is it (to) ? ^ ^cluit si{/ni- 
fies f what siijnifies it (to) ? au noni de 
tout CO qu'il y a 'de , in tits name of 
yoodrtess. fetre i)0ur, \. to be ^^ to 
',a. o.) ; 2. to be fit for (a. tli.) \ Z. ^ to be 
a = luind at (a. th.); fairo , 1. to be 
comfortable (to) \1.tohe agreeable (to) ; 
juger , to think fit; trouver que 
( subj.) 1. to tlank i< = ; to think pro- 
per; 2. to approve; 3. to allow; trou- 
ver tout , 1. to be satisfied with every 
tiling ; 2. not to be particular. C'est 
! well and =; qu"y a-t-il de ? wJmI 
is t/ie best news t Quand vous sein- 
blera, wli^n you think proper ; si 
vous seinble, if you think proper. La 
faire courte et bonne, to have a short 
life and a msrry one. 

BON [bon] u. m. 1. good; 2. good 
(tualities ; 3. (the) best ; 5 (tlie) best of 
It ; 4. fun ; joke ; 5. vouclier ; or- 
der ; C. (com.) (DK, for) clieck ; 1. (lin.) 

Un i tlrer, (print.) a signature for 
press; le de I'afifaire, the best of the 
joki. ; le de la farce, the cream of the 
jol.e; du trusor, (flu.) 1. trea.niry 
l&iid; 2. (in England) exi-Jiequer-biU. 
r>itcnteur, porteur de , (fin.) bond- 
\older. I'our , upon content. Accep- 
ter VA ur , to take upon content ; met- 
j-<, li _ a tlrer k, (print) to sign for 
f.'TOM ; prendre un , (com.) to cash a 

BON, Int good ; right 


koiAi'efttcti-i/it (good actL's) we understand all 
that IS done in discordance with the principles of 
virtue , by bonnet teueret (gm/d wurhi) we mean 
tliat clasa of tK/nnet attinnt (g'lod actir^t) that 
priiig from charitv to one's neighbor. To set 
one's face a<;ain8t immorality, to make war on 
vice, to resist a violent lentpt^ttl^n. are /tonn'-t ae- 
titnt (<7 '"'/ actions) ; to succor the distressed, to vi- 
sit the sick, to colts 'le the afflicted, to instruct the 
igiioraiii are h >nnet txuvret ig "id wirhi). 

BONASSE [bo-na-s] Adj. 1 simple; 
iUy ; foolish. 

BOJJBON [bon-bon] n. m. sweetmeat. 

B0NB0NNI:KE [bonbonl-i-r] n. t 1. 
I sweetmeat-box; 2. ^ neat little 

BON-CHR^TIEN [bon-krd-tiin] n. m., 


(liort) bon Chretien (pear). 

BOND [bon] n. m. 1. (of animals, pers.) 
lound ; skip ; 2. (th.) bound. 

Second , second bound ; rebound. 
D'un , at a = ; par s et par saiits, 
t,ar sauts et par s, 1. 1 by =^ and 
leaps ; 2. by fits and starfJi ; 3. de- 
sultory; 4. desultorily. AUor par s, 
io bound ; to skip ; faire un , to make 
aboiim,d; to bound; to make a skip, 
to skip ; faire faux . 1. 1 (th.) not to 
b-?und straight; 2. $ (a) to fail (a. o.) ; 
a (i) to disappoint (a. o.); 4. (a) to 
forfeit (a. th. ) ; prendre au , entre et 
voliio I!, to dch at t/ie = ; prendre la 
t/tlle au , to improve tlie opi>< rtu^ 
r.Ui/; to seize time by Vte forelock. 

nONOE [bond] n. f. 1. (ofca.sk8)?;;/f7,- 
i. (of casks) bung-liole ; 3. (of ponds) 

LAfher la , 1. I to let go the sluice; 
2. S (a) to give vsnt (to) ; to give free 
course {to). 

BONDER [bon-d] V a. (nav.) to lade 

IJONDIU [bon-dir] V. n. 1. II (of animals, 
ttrs.) til bound; to skip; 2. | (th ) t: 
hound ; i. g (th.) (a) to leap. 

3. Son cceur lui bondii de joie, hit heart leaped /or 

BONDISSANT, E [bon-di-san, t] adj. 1 
BONDISSEMENT [bon-di-s-man] n. m. 

1. 1 (animals, pers.) bounding ; skip- 
ping ; 2. i (th.) bounding ; 3. rising 
(of the stomach). 

de coeur, rising ofOie stomach. 
BON DON [b6n-d6n]'n. m. (of casks) 1 

bung ; 2. bung-lwle. 

BONDONNEK [bon-do-n^] v. a. to 

BONDONNli:RE [bon-do-nii-r] n. f. 
(coop.) bung-borer. 

BONDUG [bon-duk] n. ni. QoaVibon- 
duc ; bezoar ; Jfolucca nitt. 

BON-IIENRl [bon-han-ri] n. m., pi. 
Boxs-IIknris, (hot) all-good. 

BONllEUR [bo-neur] n. m. (pour, to; 
DE, to) 1. happiness ; felicity ; 1. for- 
i tune; good fortune; ^ luckiness; ^ 
' luck; ^ good luck; 3. welfare: good; 
4. * (th.) sunshine ; 5. blessing ; hap- 
py,fortunate event, circumstance, oc- 
currence, ^ thing ; piece of good for- 

Un coup de , a piece of good for- 
tune ; ^a lucky hit; veine de ,run 
of luck. Au' petit , J^^~ come what 
will ; par , happily ; fortunately ; ^ 
luckily ; ptir un singtilier , par un 
coup do ^. as luck wotdd have it. 
Avoir du , to be fortimate, 1 lucky ; 
^ to have tlte luck of it; to be lucky ; 
avoir beaucoup de , to be very lucky ; 
etre on , to be i7i a lucky vein ; faire 
le de, 1. to make, to render Ivappy ; 

2. to be a source of happiness to ; to hg 
a blessing to ; joiier de ^. to be in the 
luck of it, in luck's way , porter , to 
bring good luck. 

Syri. BoNHEL'K, fAi.ICItA. B^ATITUnK. Bon- 

/tetir ihaj'/iintrst) propel iy signifies that state of 
fort me which is rapat>Ie of furnishing the mate- 
rial of pleasures, and of giving us opportunities of 
enjoyin-^ them. F4Ucitt {felicity) expresses the 
state of that heart which is disposed t/i enjoy jilea- 
s.ire, and Ui find it in what one jiossesses. D'-ati- 
tude (beatitude) implies an imagination fully satis- 
fied. The imssessicn of property^ honors^^ or 
friends constitutes 6onAeur (^j>^//ifsj ; the judi- 
cious en'oynient of all these thin^, feficiii (f eli- 
cit;/) ; w-liile hiatitude (beatitude) is jwrfected only 
beyond the grave. Bimkeur (hafpinett) belongs 
to "the rich \feficit; (felicity) to the wise; beatitude 
(beatitude) to the pious. 

.9'/n. BoNHKUR, PRospftRirft. BonheuT (good 
fortune) is the result of chance ; it arrives unex- 
|iectedly. Protpiriti (prosperity) is the result of a 
judicious management of affairs ; it c<tmes bv de- 
grees. Fools s'lmetimes liave buvkeur (good for- 
tune); the wise are not always sure oi prospirite 

BONHOMIE [bo-no-mi] n. f. 1 1. good 
nature; 2. simplicity ; creduliUi. 

BONIIOMME [bo-Ao-m] n. in., pi. Bon- 
nes GKN 8. ^1 . simple, easy man ; 2. old 
man; |^~ old codger; S. man (in 
miniature); 4. + peasant; 5. (bot) 

Faux , one ivho pretends to be a 
simple, easy man ; petit, liUlefeUtnc; 
vieu.x , old fellow : ^" old codger. 

BONTIO.MMEAU [bo-no-m6] n. m. t K 


BONI [bo-ni]^n. m. (ftn.) bonus. 

BONIFICATION [bo-ni-fi-k.i-sidn] n. f. 
1. improvement; amelioration; meli- 
oratimi ; 2. (com.) alloicance. 

BONIFIER [bo-ni-fl^j v. a. 1. II to im- 
prove (to make betlrr): 2. to make 
good (to supply the di liciency of); to 
Tnake up ; 3. (ajrr.) to improve (land) ; 
4. (com.) to make good. 

1. le caf6, le vin, etc., to improve cofte. teine, 

BoNiFiE, E, pa. p. 1. 1 improved ; 2. 
(agr.) improved.. 

Se BONIFIER, pr. V. 1. 8 to improve ; 2. 
(ai.T.) to improve. 

BONITE [bo-ni-t] n. f. (Ich.) bonito. 

BON JOUR [bon-jour] n. m. good day ; 
good morning. 

Dire, donner, sonhaiter le ft q. ii., to 
hid, to icish a. o. =: dire un petit ix 
q. u., to look in, npo7i a. o. 

BONNE [bo-n] n. f. 1. servant-maid ; 
servant; maid; 2. nurse; nursery- 

d'cnfant, nursery-maid ; nurse; 
pour tout fair m,aid of all work. 

BONNE-DAME [bo-n-da-m] n. f. (bot) 
V. Arkochk 

BONNE-MAIN [bo-n min] n drvnh 

BONNEMENT [bo-n-miin] adv. 1. -/ 
phi ; with simplicity ; 2. + precisely. 

B0NNI:T [bo-ni] n. in. 1. cap (wo- 
man's) : 2. cap (man's without a shade) 

carre, 1. square cap; 2. (bet) ga- 
theridge-tree ; gros u^W", big loig 
(important personage). d'ane, fooVt 
= ; da clia.sse, hunting-^= ; u cor 
nes, cocked hair; d'elccbjur, (bot) 
melon pompion ; pumpkin ; de DX.ii, 
night-:= ; a poll, bear-skin = ; de 
police, foragi7ig-z=; a, de prctro, 
(fort) priest's bonnet; de pretre, 
(bot) gatlieridge-tree ; r^eltmpompion 
pumj/kin. Coup de , to^^ung o.'s =^ , 
coup de tromiue, half=^; triste com- 
nie un de nuit sad ; melancholy ; ^ 
in the dumps. En , in o.'s =: ; on 
de nuit in o.'s night =:. La main au , 
le !\ la main, == in hand. Avoir la 
tete pr6s du , to be p,.<sionute, iMSty. 
^ hot-headed; ^ to take fire easily; 
coiffe dc son , rcitli o.'s =:'o7i ; ** bon- 
neted : consulter son de nuit, to con- 
sult o.'s pillow ; etre deux teles sous un 
, to be hand and glove together ; jeter 
son par-dessus les nioulins, to throw 
ojf all sense of propriety ; mottre la 
iiiain au , 1. to touch o.'s cap ; 2. ^ to 
doff o.'s beaver, =: ; mettre son de 
travers, to be out of temper ; to be cross ; 
opiner du , to adopt the opinion of 
another ; oter le a, to take off' o.'s = ; 
* to micap ; oter son , to take off o.'s 
:= ; ** K to doff o.'s = ; parler a son 
jp^", to talk to o.'s self; prendre q. cli. 
sous son , 1. to invent a. Ui.; 2. to takn 
a. til... the responsibility of a. th. ttpon 
o.''s self. C'est blanc et blane . it is 
as broad as it is long ; 1 it is six of 
one and half a dozen of the other ; je 
.ietal mon par-dessus les moulins, and 
there my story ends. 

BONNETADE [bo-n-ta-d] n. + halj 

BONNETER [bo-n-t.;] v. a. 1. to tak* 
off o.'s /trt<; 2. (jest) to doff o.'s cap, 
beaver to (a. o.) ; 3. (b. s.) to cringe to 
(a. o.). 

BONNETERIE [bo-ni-t-ri] n. I. ho- 
siery (goods); 2. hosiery-busi^iess ; 3. 
cap-making ; 4. stocking -trade. 

BONNETEUR [bo-n-teur] n. m. 1. % 
cH^iger ; 2. sharper. 

BONNETIER [bo-n-ti] n. m. 1. lu>sier; 

2. cap-maker. 

BONNETTE [bo-nJ-t] n. f. 1. (fort) 
bonnet; 2. (nav.) bonnet: bonnet-sail; 
studding-sail ; icater-sail. 

BONNE- VOGLIE [bo-n-voa-i*] n. m. 
galley-rower (not a convict). 

BONSOIR [bon-soar] n. m. 1. good 
evening ; 2. good n ight. 

Dire, donner, souliaiter le i'l q. u.. to 
bid, to icish a. o. =^; dire a la com- 
pagnie, 1. 1 to hid, to wi.ih t/ie compani, 
= ; 2. to take o.'s leame of tlie world-. 

et bonne nuit! a good niglU's rest to 
you ! 

BONT:fc [b6n-t] n. 1. (pour, to ; ae, 
to) goodness ; 2. kind^ness ; kindlijiess ; 

3. kindness ; ^ piece of kindness ; 4. 
good-lieartedness ; 5. good-nature. 

Plein de ,\. fxdl of goodness ; Z.fuli 
of kindness ; kind ; tout de , all good- 
ness ; all kindness ; all-kind. Defaut, 
manque de , 1. unsoundness ; 2. it^n- Avec , with=^; kindly; 
sans , vdthout = ; unkindly. Avoli 
la (de), to have the goodness, kind- 
ness (to) ; to be so good, kind as (to) ; it 
be good, kind enough (to); avoir de U 

(pour), to be very good, very kind 
(to a. o., a. th.). 

BONZE [bon-z] n. m. horize (Chiueeo, 
Japanese priest). 

BOOTHS [bo-6-tJ,s] p. n. m. (aeti.) 

BOQUILLON [bo-ki-ion*] n. m. 1 
wood-cutter ; woodman. 

BORACIQUE [bo-ra-si-k] adj. (clioni.') 

I50RATE [bo rat] a. in. (cl!in.) bo 





itnaX; <imalo' ^foe; efeve; (t-te; rfje; iil; I'lle; omol; omole; dmon; rtsuc; ws&re; oujonr; 

BORAX [bo-raks] n. m. (clien I.) /^orna^. 

brut, vcliem.) 1. crude borax; 2. 

B01B0UYGME [bor-bo-rig-m] n. m. 
(ired.) horborygmim. 

BOIIO [bfj-] n. in. 1. I border ; eartre- 
1-dty ; verge ; edge ; 2. border ; eai- 
frerrdty ; verge ; 3. J (of an abyss, e "jre- 
o'p'ce) brink ; 4. (b. s.) brink, (of clan- 
ger, evil); verge; 5. (of boats, sliips) 
J<ffc," 6. (of dishes, plates) rim; T. (of 
(Vibrtcs) edging ; 8. (of garments) bor- 
der ; fiern, ; 9. (of glasses) rivi ; 10. (of 
hats) brim ; 11. (of lakes, small rivers) 
margin; 12. (of rivers) hank; 13. (of 
roads) border; 14. (of the sea) shore; 
\5. (hot.) margin ; 10. (did.) limb; 17. 
(hort) verge; IS. (nav.) board; 19. 
(nav.) broad-side ; 20. (nav.) tack. 

effilo,./?we edge; un rouge t, a 
bumjier ; ies soinbres s, ** the infer- 
nal shores. a , (nav.) board and 
board ; board to board ; alongside ; 
a de, even tcith. Coffre de , (nav.) 
sea-chest ; livre de , (nav.) ship's jour- 
nal ; mise a , (com. nav.) aldpment ; 
papiers do , (nav.) ship's papers. 
Pleln jusqu'au.x s. brimful. Un i 
tn'e, un an larire, (nav.) of and on. 
A , (nav.) 1. on ^/oard ; aboard ; on 
thip board ; 2. alongside ; 3. (of the 
wiclior) liome; a s, 1. v-ith borders, 
etc. ( V. senses) ; 2. rimmed ; 3. (of hats) 
lirimmed ; a grands s, (of hats) broad- 
brimmed ; a petits s, (of hats) narroto- 
l/nmmed ; a de, (nav.) on board ; 
aboard ; k son , (nav.) on board o.'a 
ihip ; au de , 1. ow, vpon the bor- 
ders, the verge of; 2. (b. s.) on the 
brink of; de haut , (nav.) (of ships) 
large : of several decks ; hors le , 
(oav.) over-hoirrd; par-dessus le , 
fnav.) over-board ; sans , ( V. senses) 
vnmli'ss ; sur le , ( V. senses) on edge ; 
cdiie^cise. AUer a .to go on board, 
aboard; to go on ship-hoard; aller a 
de, (cust) tu board (a ship); changer 
li- , (nav.) to weather-coil ; chaTBicr 
,. . il , (com. nav.) to .ship . . . on board ; 
(xjnrir sur , (nav.) to run on sfiort 
tarks ; coui-ir inOme que . . . (nav.) to 
btand on tlie saine tack as ...; Otre 
plein Jusqn'aux s (de), to brim (with) ; 
ikire un , (nav.) to make a board ; 
^tcr par-dessus le , to throve over- 
board ; mcttre a , (nav.) to ship off; 
loiiiplir jnsqiranx s, to fill, to fill up to 
the brim : toinbcr par-dessus le .(nav.) 
lo fall. onTboard ; venir ii , (nav.) to 
Cftne alongside ; venir a , (nav.) to 
come alongxide; virer de , (nav.) to 
tack about. Avoir Tame sur le des 
levres, to be dying ; to be at the last 

Sf/n. BoRD, c6tk, rive, rivare. Tlie bord 
touches tlie wHter ; the cote {count) is elevated 
ibovc it ; the rive (bank) and riuage (altore) are 
its limits, the rivage beine properly nothing more 
thftn an extender! rive. The term bord {margin, 
'iattk, a/tore,) is applicable to all bodies of -.ater, 
tnd ia rendered differently in English for each ; 
nvet (banhi) belong to streams and rivers ; rhages 
{ahtiret) are prfiperly employed in cennecti* n with 
-.eaa and large rivers only ; the cote {cast) belongs 
to the sea alone. 

BOUDAGE [b6r-da-j] n. m. 1. (nav. 
aich.) planking ; 2. (engin.) stteathing ; 
poling ; boarding ; 3. (nav.) flat ; 
plank ; poling. 

sup[)16mentairc. (nav.) \ceather 
loardlng ; icealher boards. 

BOUDli, E [bv-dd] adj. 1. | border- 
Oil : 2. (hot.) bordered. 

BdlU)^., n. m. bordering. 

BOllDEAUX [b6r-d6] n. m. claret; 
ci.>rdeaii!r iKin ; Bor(fean<r. 

BOUDfiE fi.&r-d] n. f. 1. (nav.)6rorf- 
fA/ , hoard ; 2. oroad-side ; rolleij ; 
R (nns.)lack; stretch; 4. (nav.)</*ip (in 

Ooiirir des 8, (nav.) to tack ahont; 
coiirir la du . .. to le on the . . . tack ; 
nihi- une , to make n board ; lacher, 
^rcr line . to pre a hroad-side. 

HOItDKL fb'or-dJl] 3 n. m. hrothel. 

BOUDKLAIS. E [oor-dc-l*, i] adj. of 
llordeimx : Bordeaux. 

BOllDKLAiS n. iii. E, n. f. itutlce y 
Tki Oeauir,. 

BOKDEMENT [b6r-d-maii] n. m. (arts) 

BORDER [b6r-d] V. a. (de, tcith) 1. J 
to bordir ; 2. || to hem ; 3. II to edge ; 4. 1| 
to bind (with ribbon, tape, etc.); 5. to 
border (extend all along) ; 6. to line (a 
road, street) ; 7. to tuck in (bed-clothfs) ; 
8. to ship (oars) ; 9. (nav.) to lay (a deck) ; 
iO. (r.av.) to tally (courses) ; 11. (nav.) to 
haul aft (a sail); 12. (nav.) to gather 
(the sheets) ; to tally aft; 13. (nav. arch.) 
to plank. 

6. La Ibule b<irfluit le chemin, tke crowd lined the 

BORDEREAU [br-d r5] n. m. (com.) 
memorandum ; detailed mtnioran- 

de compte, ahitract of an account 
BORD-IER, li;RE [boV-did, 6-r] adj. 

(nav.) lap-sided. 

BORDIEU [b6r-ai(S] n. m. (nav.) lap- 
sided ship. 

BORDIGUE [b6r^i-g] n. f. (fish.) 

BORDURE [b6r-dij-r] n. f. 1. border; 
2. binding (with ribbon, tai)e, etc.); 8. 
(of pictures) //'(/Hie; 4. (of pavements) 
curb ; curb-stone ; 5. (build.) copuig 
or-er ; 0. (liort.) edging ; verge ; 7. (her ^ 
border ; bordtire ; 8. (nav.)j'?<. 

BORE [bo-r] n. m. (chem.) boron. 

BORlfeAL, E [ba-r-ui] adj. bvreal : 
J^ortheni ; Korth. 

BORliE [bo-r*] n. m. 1. (myth.) Boreas; 
2. ** North, icind. 

BORGNE [b6r gn*] adj. X. P (of ani- 
mals, pcr.s.) blind of one eye, of an eye; 
one-eyed ; * monocular ; monoculous ; 
2. II (of animals) single-eyed ; 3. (th.) 
obscure; dark; 4. (th.) obscure; 6. 
(th.) blind ; obscure ; paltry ; 6. (th.) 
blind (unlikely) ; lams ; 7. (of accounts) 
obscure ; xminteUigible ; 8. (of anchors) 
uith one fluke. 

**:j Au royaume des aveugles Ies s 
Bont rois. Vie one-eyed are kings among 
t/ie blind. 

BORGNESSE [bftr-gni-s*] n. C -r- (b. s.) 
woman blind of an eye; -=- one-eyed 

BORIQUE [bo-ri-k] adj. (chem.) bo- 

BORNAGE [bor-na-j] n. m. placing, 
setting boundaries (marks). 

BORNE [b6r-n] n. i. (A, to) 1. n %botm- 
dary; 2. |1 bound; 3. limit; 4. 1 
mile-stone; 5. 1 spur^poct; 6. spur- 

miliaire, 1. mile-stone; 2. kilo- 
metre-stone. Au delii des s, 1. beyond 
the boundaries ; 2. J out of distance; 8. 
beyond all bounds ; avec des s, {V. 
senses) limitedly ; sans s, ( V. senses) 
1. unbounded ; bou/ndless ; unliinited ; 
* limitless ; unconfined ; 2. unstinted ; 
8. beyond, ivithout measure. Asseoir 
Ies s de, mettre, poser des s k, 1| to 
place boundariesto ; avoir Ies memes 
s (que), ( V. senses) to be coterminate 
(with) ; mcttre des s (a), to set limits 
to ; passer Ies s do, ( V. senses) to 
eseceed the limits of; se prescrire des 
s, to limit o.'s self; reculer Ies s 1| 
, to enlarge, to extend tlie boundaries 

BORNli. E [b6r-n6] adj. 1. II limited ; 
contracted ; confined ; % 8 stinted ; 3. 
(b. s.) narrow ; sholUno ; petty ; mean ; 
4. (b. s.) (pers.) stunted. 

Non , ( V. senses of ) 1. B tmli- 
mited; imcontracted ; wiconfined; 2. 
II unstinted. Caractcre , 1. contracted- 
ness ; 2. narraivness ; pettinetts ; d'une 
manitire c, ( V. senses) narroivly ; pet- 
till/ ; meanly. 

BORNE-FONTAINE [b6r-n-(on-t4-n] n. 
f., pi. BoRNES-KONTAiNES, water-post. 

BORNER [bor-ns] v. a. 1. II to place, to 
set boundaries (m'ks) to ; 1. % to set 
bounds to; to restrain; 3. 1 (a, to) to 
bound , 4. (a. to) to limit ; to contract ; 
to confine; 5. to stint. 

Pcr'sonne, chose qui borne, ( V. senses) 

Sb HORNER, pr. V. 1. to imjwse re- 
straint on o.'s self- 1 to keep within 
bounds; 2. (a, to) to confine, to limit 
o.'a Helf. 

BORNOUSE [bor -non.] n. a. lornouu 
(Arabian cloak). 

BORNOYER [bor-noa-ie] V. ft. to looi 
at (a. th.) with one eye clo-)ied (to a.-*- 
certain the straightness or smDOlhnefS 
of it). 

BORNOYER, v. a. to place, to s^ 
jnarks in (for foundations or plai.t.> 

BOSAN [bo-xan] n. m. bosan (TurKtJ, 

BOSEL [bo-ei] n. m. (arch.) to>'. 

BO.SPIIORE [bo.-f6-r] n. m. (geog) 

Du , of tlie = ; Bosphorian. 

Le de Thrace, the Thracian Bo 
pliorus ; the Strait of Con^tanti7iople ; 
le Cimmerien, the Cimmerian =: 
tlie Strait of Yenicale. 

BOSQUET [bos-ke] n. m. 1. grove ; 2. 
tfiicket; 3. (hort) bosquet. 

BOSSAGE [bo-sa-j] n. m. (arch.) bos- 
sage ; embossing. 

rustique, rustic work. 

BOSSE [bo-s] n. f. 1. (pers.) deformity 
(in the back, chest); 2. (pers.) (in tho 
back) hump ; 8. (of animals) hum,p ; 4. 
bump ; s^velling ; 5. ^ bum,p (protuber- 
ance of the skull); 6. (of melalsj 6r2 ; 
dent ; 1. boss (ornament) ; knob ; 8. 
(anat.) prominence; protuberance; 9. 
(arch.) boss (draw., paint.) bust; 10. 
(gold., silver.) embossment; 11. (tennis) 
boss ; 12. (nav.) stopper ; 18. (sculp.) 
embossment ; 14. (sculp.) relief ; re 

Demi- , (sculp.) demi-relief; ronde 
, high =; par devant, a la poitrine, 
deformity in the chest; par derrii'ro, 
au dos, hump ; hunch. Ou\rage en , 
relief; relievo; terrain plein de s, 
uneven ground. D'apres la , (dra-7r., 
paint.) //'owi. the btist; en , 1. bossi, ; 
bunchy ; 2. (of locks) not m.ortised ; y. 
(sculp.) in ^; en ronde , iiifuUz=-, 
alto-relievo. Avoir une , to he h un'pnl, 
ne demandcr que jilaie et , to wiJif-i 
all sorts of mischief ; ddnner dans In . 
to fall into a snare ; to be d-eceived ; ^ 
to he taken in ; faire , to bunch ; tc 
bunch out; faire une , to mai^ a 
bump ; faire des s i\, 1. to mak:) 
bumps in ; 2. to emboss ; se faire une , 
to get a bump ; travailler en , (sculp.) 
to emboss. 

BOSSELAGE [bo-s-laj] n. m. (gold., 
silver.) embossing. 

Travailler en , to emboss. 

BOSSELli;, E [bo-B-U] adj. 1. (of metals) 
bruised; dented; 2. (bot.) buncJied ; 3. 
(bot. ) torous ; 4. (gold., silver.) em, 

Finement , (bot.) torous. 

BOSSELER [bo-8-W] V. a. 1. to bruise, 
to dent (metals) ; 2. (gold., silver.) to em- 

BOSSELURE [bo-s-lu-r] n. f. l.ibnmp; 
2. (bot.) embossment; 3. (gold., silver.) 

BOSSEMAN [bo-.-m5n] n. m. t boat- 
swain's mate. 

BOSSER [bo-B] V. a. (nav.) to stop- 

BOSSETTE [bo-si-t] n. 1. (arch.) 
bo.^s ; 2. (man.) boss. 

BOSSOIR [bo-.oarl n. m. (nav.) cat- 

BOSSU, E [bo-su] dj. 1. deformed (ill 
the back, chest); 2. (in the back) hump 
backed; hwnch-backed ; f crook-ba.A- 
ed ; 3. deformed in the chest. 

par derridre, hump- hacked ; him:\\ 
backed; crook-hacked; par doTanl. 
deformed in tht "hest. 

BOSSU, n. m. E, n. hump-la^^k ; 
hunch-back ; t crook-back. 

BOSSUER [bo-su-] V. a. to bruise, fw 
dent (metals). 

Se B098UER, pr. V. (of metals) to oa, 
get dented. 

BOSTON [bonon] D. in. 1. p. n. Bm. 
ton; 2. boston (game of cards). 

BOSTONIEN, NE [bos-to-mm, i-n] rii'J, 
of Boston. 

BOSTONIEN, p. n. m. NE, p. n. I 

BOT [bo] atli. t cliiO-Jootea. 

Tied, 1. s^; 2. (bnbst) okth-fial 




ou joute ; 

eu jcu ; eu jeune ; eH pour ; 

wn pan ; in pin 

on\>ovL\ i?brun; U liq. 

*gn Itfl. 

Avoir un pled , etre pied , to he 

BOTANIQUE [bo-t*-ni-k] n. f. hotany. 
Conform on lent a la , hotanicallij. 
BOTANIQUE, adj. botanical; hota- 

IJOTANISTE [bo-ta-nii-t] n. in. bota- 

BOTARGUE, n. f. V. BouTAnouE. 

BOTIIKION [bot-ri-on] n. m. (mod.) 
ft U:rion ; ulceration oftlie c/n-nea. 

BOTTE [bo-t] a f. 1. bundle; 2. 
bxtneh; 3. (Iiay, straw} buiulle ; truss; 
i. {ol'si'.'k) hank. 

1. d'asper^^s, (ralliimettes, bundle "f aipara-, </ iHulthfiH. !. de raves, buiu-li ';/' ra uhe.. 

Lier, mettre en , to bunch ; tnettro 
en , to put up in a bundle. 

BOTTE, n. f. 1. boot (man's) ; 2 Wel- 
lington boot ; 3. cask ; 4. (t>f carriages) 
gtep ; 5. (of earth) dod. 

8 cirees, clean boots ; forte, thick 
= ; fine, light, dress = ; retrous- 
9cVe, a revers, top =; ; d'liomine, gen- 
Uenuin's =: a I'ecuyiire, f/es>fian=^; 
de sept lieues, ogre's =. Soulier , 
Bliicher- =z ; tige de , leg of ; = ; = 
-leg ; tirant de , = -strap. A pi'opos 
de 8, 1. notldng, not at all to the pur- 
pose; without a cause ; ^ for not/ting. 
Cirer des s, to black =:: / docrotter des 
8, to clean = ," grai^scr ses s, 1. || to 
'jreuse o.'s =s , 2. ^ to pack up ; 8. 
^^~ % to prepare for tlielong journey, 
for kingdom come ; mettre ses s, to 
put on o.'s =; laisser ses s queUiue 
part, to leave o.'s bones any where; to 
die any where ; mettre du foin dans ses 
9, to feather o.'s nest; oter, tirer ses 
s, to take, to pull off o.'s =^s. 

BOTTE, n. f. (fenc.) thrust ; lunge. 

Porter, pousser une , to thrust ; to 
make a t^rvM, lunge ; parer une , to 
parri/ a tknist. 

BOTTELAGS [bo-t-la-jT n. m. 1. pnt- 
Ui'.g. tying up in bundles; 2. (agr.) 
'ui/itding : binding up. 

BOTTELEK [bo-t-U] v. a. 1. to put up, 
!o He up ill bundles; 2. (agr.) to bind; 
ft, bind up. 

BOTTELEUE [bo-t-lefir] n. m. (agr.) 

BOTTEE [bo-ti] V. a. 1. to makeboots 

fvr (a. o.); 2. 

(for liim.) 

to pat on (a. o.'s) boots 

BoTTE, E, pa. p. 1. in boots ; tciffi o.'s 
l>^fots on; 2. J booted; 8. (mil.) booted. 

8k uottee, pr. v. 1. fpers.) to put o.'s 
loots on ; 2. to get cloas on o.'s feet ; 3. 
(of liorses) to ball; 4. (hunt.) to carry; 
5. (mil.) to boot. 

bien, to wear nice boots ; Dial, 
to wear nasty, ugly booU. 

BOTTER, V. n. to make boots. 

BOTTIER [bo-ti] n. m. hoot-maker. 

BOTTINE [bo-ti-n] n. f. 1. ludf-boot; 
2. lady's boot ; 3. (surg.) buskin. 

BOU [bou] n. m. V. Monk. 

BOUAKD [bou-ar] n. m. (coin.) ham- 

BOUARDER [bou-ar-d] V. a. (coin.) to 
strike with the hammer. 

BOUI [bou-i] n. m. V. Boiie. 

BOUBIE [bou-bi] n. f. (orn.) booby; 

BOUBOU [bou-boii] n. m. bow-tcow. 

BOUC [bouk] n. m. 1. (mam.) goat; 
he-goat; buck-goat; 'per- billy-goat; 
2. goat-skin. 

emissaire I , scape-goat. Barbe 
le , 1. (pcrs.) goat's beard ; 2. (bot) 
jeiat's beard (sptcies). 

BOUCAGE [bou-ka-j] n. m. (bot.) bur- 
\ft taa-ifrage. 

BOUCAN [bou-kan] n. m. 1. smoking- 
i;lace (for meat or fish) ; 2. gridiron 
for wxoking. 

BOUCANER [bou-k.n4l v. v^to smoke 
(lut'itt, fish). 

BOUCANEE, V. n. to hwtit wild 
icHHts for the skins. 

BOUCANIER [bor ka-nid] n. m. 1. t 
buccaneer (hunter); 3. buccaneer (pi- 
1 fite) ; 3. buccaneer's gun, musket. 

jioUCARO [boii-ka-rA] n. m. boucaro 
^lndian odoriferous earth). 

BOUCASSIN [bo..-ka .in] n. m. boca- 

BOUCAUT [bou-k6] n. m. (for dry 
goods) 1. ca.'fk ; 2. hogshead. 

BOUCIIE [bou-8h] n. 1. 1 mouth ; 
1.\\ mouth: lipii ; tongue; voice; 3. 
victuals ; living ; eating ; 4. cooks 
(of the sovereign); 5. (of canals, rivers) 
mouth ; 6. (arlil.) mouth ; 7. (artil.) 
(of cannons) m-uzzle; 8. (man.) mouth. 

b6ante, toith open moutli ; t C"i^- 
ing ; bonne , tidbit ; la bonne , 
the last bit ; doucereuse, mealy- 
mouthedness ; close, cousue ! keep 
counsel ! keep it to yourself ! fendue 
jusqu'au.x oreilles, =. from eftr to ear ; 

fiiande, sweet-:= ; impure, /oii^ = : 

toujours prete a dire dus injures, 
foul := ; tendre (of horses) soft, mealy 
= ; de chaleur, opening for hot-air ; 

a feu, piece of ordnance; de miel, 
mealy-mouthedness ; a , face to 
face! Ceinture de la , (artil.) muzzle- 
ring ; flu.\ de . 1. (med.) running 
from the =; 2. ^^ gift of the gab; 
maladie de la , 1. disease of the = ; 2. 
(veter.) carney ; munitions de , (mil.) 
provisio7is ; officiere de la , king's, 
queen's cooks. A buante, ou\erte, 
icith open = ; a double , double- 
moutlied ; au.\ cent i^, hundred-mouth- 
ed, tongued ; muni, pourvu de , mouth- 
ed. De , by word of-=^. Avoir la 
arnfire, mauvaise, to have a bitter, disa- 
greeable tast-eino.'s:=z; avoir la dure, 
(man.) to be hard-mouthed ; avoir la 
friande, to have a siceet = ; avoir la 
large, to be ^cide-mouthed ; avoir a la , 
to luive (words) in o.'s = ; avoir la 
doucereuse,to be mealy-mouthed; n'avoir^ 
ni ni eperon, (of horses) to feel neither 
bit nor spur; clore la a, ( V. Former 
la a) ; dire tout ce qui vient a la , to 
say wluitever comes uppermost ; etre 
dans toutcs les s, to be in everybody's 
= : utre sur .sa , to be a glutton ; 6tre 
fort en , (of horses) to be hard-mouth- 
ed ; faire bonne , to leave a good taste 
in the mouth ; faire la petite , to be 
difficult to please; *{ to be particular ; 
faire la petite de, sur q. ch., not to 
speak freely, ^ out; ne point faire la 
petite de q. ch., not to m,ince the mat- 
ter ; faire la en cceur, to purse up, to 
screw up o.'s mouth; fermer la a q. 
u., 1. 1 to sfiut a. o.'s = ; 2. || to close, 
to seal o.'s lips ; to pose a. o. ; to run 
a. o. do^cn ; mettre a la de q. u., to 
put (words) into a. o.'s =: ; porter de 
en ^ , to mouth about; prendre sur sa 
, to stint o.'s self; prendre un bain do 
, (med.) to rinse out, to wash out o.'s 
= ; se rincer la , to rinse out, to wash 
out o.'s=; traiter q. u. a que veux- 
tu, to entertain a. o. hospitably; to 
ftast a. o. to his heart's content; faire 
venir I'eau i la i q. u., to make a. o.'s 
=. %oater. 

BOUCHISE [boii-ah6] n. t mouthful. 

D'une seule , at a =. Faire une 
de, to make a = of; ne faire qu'une - - 
de q. u. , to awaUow a. o. up ; to beat 
a. o. unth ease, in a trice. 

BOUCHER [bou-8h6] V. a. 1. to stop; 
to stop up ; 2. to block up ; 3. to ob- 
struct ; to be obstructive of; ^ to stuff 
up ; 4. (with a cork) to cork ; 5. (with a 
wall) to wall up. 

Se le, la, les . . ., to stop up o.'s . . . 

BouciiE, B, pa. p. (F. senses of Botj- 
ciibr) 1. (of bottles) corked; 2. (pers.) 

Non , ( F. senses) 1. unstopped; 2. 

BOUCHER, n. m. I butc/ier. 

Garfon , = -boy. De ^, [ but- 

BOUCniilRE [bou-8h4-r] n. f. 1. butclier 
(woman) ; 2. butcher's wfife. 

BOUCIIEEIE [bon-sh-ri] n. f. 1. slaugh- 
ter-house ; shamJiles ; 2. butcher's 
shop ; 3. butcher's stall ; 4. butchery 
(trade); 5. shambles; slauglUer ; 

Aller a la , 1. 1 (of animals) to go to 
the slaughter-lwuse ; 2. (pers.' Co go to 
the butcher's ; 3. % to go to tliv sham- 
bles ; to go to slaughter. 

BOUCHE-TROU [bou-nh-tron] n. m., 
pi e [b. 8.) substitute (one who takes 

the place of a person unexpectedly lnc 
pacitated ft-oni attending to his duties). 

BOUCHOIR [i)ou-8hor] n. m. (of (U; 
oven) stopper. 

BOUCHON [bou-hon] n. m. 1. stopper; 
2. cork; 3. t (pers.) dear; darling; 
4. (of grass, hay, stra'w) wisp; 5. (ol 
linen) jjacket ; 6. (of public houscia^ 
bush (sign); 7. priblie-Ziouse ; 8. (fish.) 

de bois, plug ; de bouteille, bcf- 
tie-stopper ; de linge, rag -= ; do 
verre, glass-stopper ; a vis, screw- 
cap. Tailledes s, cork-cutting. MctUt) 
en , to rumple (linen) ; mettre un k, 
1. to stopper ; to put a stopper in; 2. 
to cork ; to put a cork in; oter le , 

1. to take the stopper out; 2. to wt- 
cork ; to take the cork out ; faire sau- 
ter le , to uncork (a bottle with noise). 

BOUCHONNER [bou-sho-n^] v. a. 1. 
to rub down (a horse) ; 2. to ru/mpl 
(linen) ; 8. + to caress (a child) ; to 

BOUCHONNIER [bou-sho-ni] n. ui. 

BOUCnOT [bou-sho] n. m. (fisli.) 

BOUCLE [-V. W\ n. f. 1. buckle; 2. 
ring ; Z. ear-ring ; 4 {ota.Aoov)knockr 
(round) ; rapper ; 5. (of the hair) curl ; 
lock; 6. (of the hair) ringlet; 7. (arch.) 
knocker; 8. (nav.) ring; 9. (nav.) (oi 
port-holes) staple. 

1 . de Soulier, sAoe-buckle ; de culotte, knet- 
biickle. 3. de diamaiit ou d'or, diamond or 
gold ear-ringa. 

k I'anglaise, en tire-bouchon, ring- 
let; d'oreille, ear-ring. Lier avor 
une , to buckle up ; mettre eu , to 
curl, to put (hair) in curl. 

BOUCLEE [bou-ku] V. a. 1. to buckle; 

2. to buckle up ; 3. to rin^ (put a riiu; 
to) ; 4. to curl (the hair) ; 5. to curl tA\> 
hair of {a. o.) 

BouCLE, E, pa. p. F senses of Bot' 


Non, 1. unbuckled; 2. unringc-Jt; 

3. (of hair) uncurled. Aux cheveus (>, 
curly-headed, curly^ated. Qui a let' 
cheveux s, curly-lieaded ; cui-ly 

Se Boucler, pr. v. to curl o.'s hair. 

BOUCLEE, v. n. 1. (of hair) to eurl 
2. (mas.) to swell out of the vertical. 

BOUCLIER rbou-kii-6] n. in. l.|| shield; 
buckler ; 2. shield ; buckler ; protec- 
tion ; defence ; 3. (ich.) lump-fish. 

Levee de 6, 1. 1| (Rom. hist.) raising 
of bucklers; 2. prising in arms. En 
, (Ijot.) buckler-shaded.^ Faire un- 
do son corps a q. u., to shield a. o. with 
o.'s person ; faire une lev6e de s , to 
rise in arms; to rise. Non couvort 
'er un , unshielded. 
" BOUDDHISME [bou-dis-m] n. nv. 

BOUDDHISTE [bo<i-dU-t] p. n. n,. 

BOUDEE [bou-d6] V. n. 1. (i., at) to 
pout; 2. (coNTRE, with) to sulk; to b<\ 
sulky ; 3. (dominoes) not to be able to 
play ; 4. (hort.) to be stunted. 

contre son ventre, to sulk, to be 
sulky viitli o.'s victuals. Ne pas , ( V. 
senses) to be ready to repel an attack ; 
en boudant, 1. pouting ; 2. svikily. 

BOUDEE, V. a. 1. to pout at, upon ; 
2. to sulk with ; to be sulky toith. 

Sb BOiiDER, pr. V. 1. to sulk with each 
other; 2. to be cool Unoarda eaah 

BOUDEEIE [bou-d-ri] n. t 1. pcui. 
ing ; 2. (action) sulking ; & (state) ml- 

BOIJDEU-R, SE [bou-deur, eu-.] adj. i 
pouting; 2. sulky. 

Humeur boudeuse, mdkiness. 

BOUDEU-R, n. m. SE, n. pertKi) 
that pouts, sulks. 

Faire le , to pout; to sulk. 

BOUDIN [bou-diiii -J. m. 1. blacA 
pudding; blood pudding ; pzidding , 
2. long curl; 3. roller; 4. portmaii/- 
teau ; 5. (of locks) bell-spring ; OL 
(arch.) torus; 7. (nav.) pudding; 8. 
(spin.) roll ; roller ; 9 (w(^ollcn ai.iu.) 





tt Uiji; a uii'ilc; e tie; \ fove; e Icto; ^ jo; i il; i ilo; o uiol; o mole; 6 niort; uc; (i sure; oit jour; 

blaiic, ultUe jmdding ; noir, 

BOUDINAGE [bou-di-nn-j] n. m. (spin.) 
roving ; sluhhing. 

BOUDINE [bou-di-n] n. f. (glass.) bunt; 

BOUDINER [bou-di-nt] V. a. (spin.) to 
rore ; to slab. 

BOUDINEU-K [bou-dl-neur] n. ni. SE, 
[id-z] n. f. (spin.) rover; slubber. 

r.OUDlNIEK [bou.di-ni] n. m. black- 
f-udtling maker. 

l>()UDINi:feRE [bou-di-nij-r] n. f. 1. 
bhick-pudding maker; 2. {cvMn.) fill- 
er ; little. funnel. 

1J()UD1N01U [bou-di-noar] n. m. (spin.) 
rnving-frame ; slubbing-machine. 

BOL'UOIK [bou-doar] n. ni. boudoir 
(private lOoni). 

BOUE (boil) n. f. 1. mud; 2. mire; 8. 
dirt ; 4. (of ink) sediment. 

(Ics^ rues, 1. street-mud ; 2. road- 
dung. Auie de , (F. Ame); cervelle 
de , clay-bruined ; stupid; coulour 
de la , 1. mud-color ; 2. muddiness ; 
masse de , clod ; tas de , heap of 
dirt. De couleur de , =z -colored; 
muddy. Couvrir de , to cover with 
=^ ; to mud ; convert de , m,uddy ; 
ensevelir dans la , to bury in the =, 
tnire ; to nmd ; jeter de la a q. u., to 
throw dirt upon a. o. ; oter la (de), 
to remove the dirt (from) ; tirer q. u. de 
la , 1. i to take a. o. out of the =:, 
viire ; 2. %to take a. o. out of the gut- 
ter, keniiel ; to take a. o. from the dirt, 
tlie dung-hill. 

BOU:fiE [bou-c] n. f. (nav.) buoy. 

de ri;tat, gorernment, public =. ; 
de sauvetago, life- = ; de sauvetage 
pcur la nuit, floating-light. 

BOUE UK [bou-eur] u. m. scavenger ; 

BOUEU-X, SE [bou-eu, z] adj. 1. mud- 
dy: 2. miry; dirty; 3. bad; foul. 

Ecriture boueuse, thick writing ; 
<> tinni)0 boueuse, engraving with spots 
(ff ink; impression boueuse, foul im- 

BOUFFANT, E [bou-faD, t] adj. 

BOUFFANTE [bou-an-t] n. C t fioop ; 

BOUFFAEDE [bou-far-d] n. "-bouf 
furde " (pipe). 

BOUFFE [boii-f ] n. m. 1. buffoon (of 
the Italian theatre).; 2. s, Italian t/iea- 
tre (of Paris). 

BOUFFjfcE [bou-K] n. 1. B puff (of 
wind, etc.); 2. i whiff; Z.fume; 4. %fit 
(temporary attack). 

de vent, (nav.) gu^ of wind ; gust. 
Par s, (V. senses) by fits; by fits and 

BOUFFER [bou-] V. n. 1. 1 (de, wit/i) 
to sivell ; 2. 1 to swell out ; 3. to puff'; 
to puff' up; 4. -r- to eat with avidity ; 
D. (of bread) to rise ; 6. (mas.) to swell. 

Faire , to swell ; to swell out. 

BOUFFER, V. a. (butch.) to blow 

BOUFFETTE [bon-ft-t] n. 1. bow 
(of ribbon) ; 2. ear-knot. 

BOUFFI, E [boa-fi] adj. (de, itdth) 1. 
I S swoU&n- ; 2. |1 bloated ; puffed ; puff- 
ed up ; 8. (pt language, style) inflated ; 
turgid ; 4. (bot.) turgid. 

BOUFFIR [bou-fir] V. a. (de, icith) 1. 
I to swell; 2. 1| to bloat; to J>uff; to 
puff up , 3. to inflate. 

BOUFFIR, V. n. || 1. to swell; 2. to 
become, ^ to get bloated ; to he piiff'ed 

BOUFFISSURE [bou-fl-.A-r] n. 1. I 
swelling ; 2. ( bloatedness ; puffing up ; 
is S (of language, style) turgidness ; tur- 
gid ity ; bombast ; fustian. 

Avec , ( V. senses) turgidly. 

BOUFFON [bou-fdr,] n. ni. NE [on] 
a I. 1. (pers.) buffoon; fool; 2. (th.) 
buffoonery ; 3. (of old comedy) rice ; 4 

(of the drama) cloven ; 5. (of princes) 
jester ; fool. 

Falre le , to play t/ie buffoon ; faire 
c;i de, to make a buffoon of; servir 
do , to he a laughirtg -stock, buU. 

BOUFFON. NE, adj. 1. h;i.ff'^dsf> ; 
* buffoon ; 2. facetious ; droU ; ".funiy. 

BOUTFONNER [bou-fo-ni] v. n. to 
; lay th huff.ion. 

BOUFFONNERIE [bou-fo-n-ri] n. 1. 
huTiconery ; 2. practical joke. 

BOUGE [bou-j] n. m. "(b. s.) 1. closet 
('near a room); 2. hole (small and dirty 
lodging); 3. ("'casks) bulge; 4. cowry 
(African & Indian coin). 

BOUGEOIR rbou-joar] n. m. 1. taper- 
stand ; 2. chainher,fiat candlestick. 

BOUGER [bou-j] V. n. (de, from) to 
stir ; to move ; ^ to budge ; i^W to wag. 

Nc pas , not to = ; not to wag a 
hair; ne pas plus qu'une bflclie, to 
stir no more than a post. de chez 
soi, to stir abroad, out. 

BOUGETTE [bou-jj-t] n. t budget 

BOUGIE [bon-ji] n. 1. wax-candle; 
wax-light; 2. (small) wax-tuper ; ta- 
per; 3. (surg.) bougie. 

fllee, d'allume, wax-taper; taper; 
medicinale, medicated candle. Fa- 
bricant de s, wax-chandler ; pain de 
, wax-taper. Aux s. by wax- 

BOUGIER [bon-ji-^] V. a. to wax. 

BOUGONNER [bou-go-n] v. n. to 

BOUGRAN [bou-gran] n. m. 1 i. ik- 
ram (cloth). 

BouiLLAis, ind. imperf Ist, 2d sing, of 


BoTTiLLANT, jires. p. 

BOUILLANT, E [bou iii., t*] adj. 1. H 
boiling ; 2. II hotting hot ; scalding hot; 
burning ; 3. % fiery ; impetuous ; ^ Iwt; 
4. (pers.) liot-lkeaded. 

Tout , boiling hot; scalding Iwt; 
%M" piping hot. 

BOUILLE [bou-i*] n. f. fisherman's 
pole ; fishing -pole ; pole. 

BouiLLE, subj. pres. 1st, 8d sing, of 


BOUILLER [bou-i*] V. a (fish.) to 
disturb with a pole. 

BOUILLERIE [bou-i-ri*] n. (a. &m.) 

BOUILLEUR [bon-ieur*] n. m. (steam- 
eng.) boiler-tube. 

BOUILLI [bou-i*] n. m. boiled beef 

BOUILXIE [bou-i*] n. 1. pap (for 
children) ; 2. luisty-pudding ; 3. (|)aper 
man.) pulp. 

S"en aller en , (of meat) to boil 
away. Faire de la pour les chats , 
to labor in vain; to lose o.'s labor; 
nourrir de , to feed with pap. 

BOUILLIR [bou-ir*] V. n. irr. (bouil- 
lant; BOUILLI ; intL pres. bous; nous 
bouillons; subj. pres. bouille). 1. | to 
boil; 2. (of the blood) to boU; 3. (de, 
icith) to burn. 

3. La t^te me bmtt, mv head bums ; d'impa- 
tience, to burn with iiupatifrnce. 

k gros bouillons, to boil fast ; 
doucement, a petits bouillons, I. to = 
gently; 2. to simmer. Action de faire 
, 1. boiling; 2. decoction (action). 
Pouvoir cti'e bouilli, to be decoctil.le. 

BotriLLi, E, pa. p. 1. boiled; 2. (of 
leather) waxed. 

Non , unboiled. Faire , to make 
boil; 2. to boil; 3. to boil dovm; faire 
i demi, to parboil; faire I'oau, to 
make the water boil; to make the kettle 
boil. L'cau bout, 1. t/ie water boils ; 2. 
the kettle boils. 

BOUILLIR, v. a. t to boil. 

du lait i\ q. u. , to please a. o. (by 
saving a. th. agreeable). 

"BOUILLOIRE [bou-ioa-r*] n. fl. keU 
tie; tea-kettle; 2. (large) boiler. 

Mcttre la an feu, to put tlie = on. 

BOUILLON [bou-ion*] n. m. 1. 1 bub- 
ble (of a liquid in ebullition) 2. II bubble 
(of air); 3. rij>ple; 4 jj sou]); clear 
broth ; hrot/i ; 5. J cu,p, plate of soxip ; 
6. II tea (decoction of meat or herbs) ; 7. 
ebullition; burst; transport; 8. (of la- 
dies' dres.") p^iff. 

1. Le8 premiers s do la colore, the first ebulli- 
tion* ftf anger. 

clair, li'ger, tliin soup; coup6, 
= weakened with water; maigre, 
vegetable ^ ; pointu ^, clyster ; on 
tublette portable =: d'eau, low jet 
d'eau; de pouict, chicken broth; i 

do vi-au, real tea. Tablette da - 
cake of portable =. Boirc un , 1. | 
(in bathing) to swalloio a nioutliful; 2. J 
to put up with a loss ; ctre au , 6tro 
reduit au , to take nothing but =. II 
n'y faut qu"un ou deux, deux ou troie 
8, it must just boil. 

BOUILLON-BLANC [bou-ioc-blan*] u 
m. (bot.) mullein; yelloic, grestt-tohiii 
mullein; coiv's lungwort; lauy'a Aiu- 
glove; shejjherd's club. 

BOUILLONNANT, E [bo-io-nan, t] 
adj. bubbling. 

BOU ILLONNEMENT rbou-io-n-mia*J 
n. m. 1. II bubbling; bubbling up; 2. ] 
gushing out ; 3. (de, with) boiling. 

BOUILLONNER [bou-io-n6*] v. n. L 
II to bubble ; to bubble up ; 2. | to ripple 
8. 1 to gush out; 4. (de, with) to boil; 
to boil up ; 5. to boil over. 

Faire , 1. to make = ; 2. to ripple. 

BOUILLONNER, v. a. to put puffs tc 
(a lad) ganiient). 

BouIj lons, ind. pres. & impera. Is* 

pi. of BOUII.LIR. 
BOUILLOTTE fbou-i-:t*l n. F. 


BOUILLOTTE, n. 'bouillotte'" 
(game of cards). 

BOUISSE [bou.i-] n. glazing-stick 
(of shoe-makers). 

BOUJAEON [bou-ja-ron] n. m. (nav.) 


BOULAIE [bon-l*] n. J plantati<m 

of birch. 

BOULANG-ER [bou-Iin-j] n. m. i:RE 
[4-r] n. 1. baker; 2. baker's icife. 

BOULANGER [bou-irm-jf] v. n. (of 
bakers) to make bread. 

BOULANGER, v. a to make bread. 

BOULANGERIE [ bou i:>n-j ri ] n. 
1. bread-making ; baker's business, 
trade; 2. biscuit-making; 3. bake- 
house (of public estaiilishmects or pil 
vate houses) ; 4. baker's shop ; bakery. 

BOULE [bou-1] n. 1. l.uU; 2. laao 
(spherical body); 3. ^ sconce (Lead) 
pate ; 4. vote ; 5. (play) bowl. 

noire, black ball (vote); d 
neige, (bot.) gelder rose ; snow-l j'Jr 
tree ; d'or. (boL) globe-flower. JcQ 
de , 1. bull I, hotels; 2. bowling- 
green; horcling-ground. Joueurde , 
holder. A vuo. h la vne, precipi- 
tately ; hastily. Avoir la , (play) to 
play first ; jouer a la , to play ai 
hotels. Se mettre en , to gather v.'e 
self tip. 

BOULE AU [bou-16] n. m. (bot) birch; 

De , bircJien. 

BOULEDOGUE [bou-l-do-g] n. ni. 

BOULER [bou-U] V. n. (of pigeons) to 

BOULET [bou-U] n. m. 1. (of cannon) 
bullet; ball ; shot; 2. (of horses) /J'ttoc/fc- 
joiiit; pastern-joint; 8. draggi:^g a 
cannon ball (niilitary punishment) ; 4. 
(vet) houlet. 

coupe, (nav.) angel shot; s en- 
chaines, clutin :=; mort, spent ball , 

ram6, (artil.) 1. cross bar =z; stung 
bull; double-headed shot; 2. (nav.) 
angel shot ; rouge, red hot =, ball ; 

a deux tetcs, cltain bullet; double- 
lieaded bar =.. Coup de ,bullet-z=; 
= : pai'c a e, (nav.) ihot-locker. Char 
ger a s, (artil.) to ./><, condsmner au 
, to condemn to drug a cannon-ball ; 
trainer le , to drag a cannon-ball. 

B0ULET6 [b=u-i-t] adj. (vet) (o( 
horsc.i) houlet (having the fetlock oi piia- 
tern joint bent forward, out of ite nat- 
ural position). 

BOULETTE [bou-li-t] n. 1. 1 haU 
(small ball of the crum of bread, of pajxif, 
of wax, etc.); 2. poisonboll ; 8. 1 <<& (to 
fatten poultry); 4. t hliinde.) ; 5. \ 
(bot) blue, Frr-,i<:h, globe daisy (to 
fatten poultry); 6. (culin.) ball. 

bleue, (bot) blue, Frencn. globi 
daisy ; grosse , 1. large ball ; 2. \ 
egregious blunder. de viunde, ine<tt 
hall ; force meat-ball. 

BOULEUX fbou-le ] n. m. 1. J \Mtn 
hark- stubby horse 2 {(fcib) ploJ 
der ; drudue. 




oiijodte; cwjeu; eujeuno; eilpeiir; apan; Iwpin; on bon; 7ibrun; *11 Uq. ; gn liq. 

tm Don , I. 1 a good hack ; 2. a 
'nore plodder, drudge. 

BOULEVARD [bou-l-var] n. rr.. 1. t 
(mil.) btihoark ; rampart; 2. bulwark: 
(security) ; 3. || boulevard (walk). 

Foitifier par dos s, to bulwark. 

BOULEVAKT [y^u-l-var] n. m. V. 

P.OULEVERS:^, E [bou-l-v^r-B*] adj. 
ill a stiite of distraction. 

HOULEVEItSEMENT [bou-l-^^ir-s- 
u'd] n. tn. 1. II overthrow ; overturn ; 2 
^ I turning upnde dotcn; 3. over- 
U.rou ; subDerion ; 4. extreme con- 
fusion; disorder. 

Auteur d'un , {V. senses) over- 
Virower : subverter. 

BOULEVEKSEU [bou-l-v6r-.e] V. a. 1. 
I to throw down ; 2. || to upset ; 3. ^ || <<i 
turn upfdde dmvK ; iag~ ^ tur?/, top.s";/- 
turvy ; 4. t o ove r-throw ; to overturn ; 
to subvert; fW" to upset; 5. ^ un- 
settle ; to throw into extreme confusion, 
disorder ; 6. to distract (a. o.) ; to 
drive distracted ; T. to disturb (a. 
tb.) ; to trouble ; to agitate; to derange ; 
8. ^^~ to put (a. o.) out of sorts. 

4. I'onire 8 'cial, to subvert s >cial order. 5. 
'fitiit, to throw file stnte into extreme iUsort/er, 

BOULEVUE [bou-i-vu], 

A , a la , precipitately ; hastily. 

BOULIER [bou-U6] n. m. (fish.) bag- 

BOULIMIE [bou-Ii-mi] n. f. (ined.) bu- 
limia ; canine, i:i.taUable appetite. 

BOULIN [bou-iin] n. tn. 1. pigeon- 
ttole; 2. (mas.) putlog-ltole ; 3. (mas.) 

BOULINE [bou-U-n] n. f. (nav.) 1. hoic- 
tlne ; 2. gantlet. 

Grande , de la grande voile, main- 
hcnolUm. de mXi&me, for e-boidine ; 
de revers, lee-bowline. Branche de 
, cringle. AUer h la , to sail close 
to tJie witul courir la , to run the 

HOULINER [bou-ii-n] V. a. (nar.) to 
UmU (a sail) vindioard. 

les voiles, to lumtl into the icind. 
BOTJLINER, V. n. (nav.) to sail close 

U. the iBtnd. 

BOULINGRIN [bou-iin-grin] n. m. 
1.1/wn ; grass-plot ; green sward. 

BOULINIER [bou-U-ni6] n. m. t plyer. 

Bon , good := ; mauvais , bad := ; 
L>tfward ship. 

BOULOIR [bou-ioar] n. m.(mas.) larry. 

BOULON [bou-lon] n. m. (tech.) 1. 
holt ; 2. pin. 

a vis, screw-holt. Chaser un , 
to drive a bolt. 

BOULON AIS, E [bou-lo-n^ !=] adj. of 

BOULONAIS, p. n. m. E, p. n. f na- 
tive of Boulogne. 

BOULONNER [bou-lo-n6] v. n. (tech.) 

1. to bolt; 2. to pin. 

BOUQUER [bou-k] V. a. t ^ 1. 1 o 
make submit ; 2. to comptel ; to force. 

BOITQUER, V. n. t ^ (of children or 
monkeys made to kiss a. th.) to kiss u/n- 
lolllinqly ; 2. to subtnit; to truckle. 

BOUQUET [bou-kJ] n. m. 1. hunch ; 

2. nosegay ; bunch qtfUnoers; 3. ode, 
Honret(o\\ a birth-day or saint's day); 4. 
% prenerX (on a birth-day or saint's day) ; 
5. (of flowers, grass, or trees) tuft; 6. (of 
fruit not in bunches) cluster ; 7. (of hair) 
tuft; 8. (of precious stones) bouquet; 9. 
(of straw) wisp ; 10. (of trees) cluster; 
b. (3f wine) bouquet; 12. (of feathers) 
plum 3; 13. (flre-works) bouquet; gi- 

t\i\ 'e; 14. 8, (pi.) (vot.) scab ; scuif 
V !i>< 3 the snout of shep). 

I. 'Ju <Ie ooriftes, a bun;h of ch^rrie*. 

i.aifalt. (F. senses) (hot) sweet- 
fTulutm En , ( V. senses) tufted. 
Avoir -, to he racy ; diviser, ordonner, 
roi'brtir en , (K senses) to tuft; lier 
bn , (K i-enses) to hunch; orner de 
9. (V. senses) to tuft; rcserver q. ch. 
uour lo bou(juet, to reserve, to keep a. 
\h. for t/ie last ; seme de 8, ( V. senses) 

BOUQUETIER [bou-k-ti] n. va.flaw- 
> vase. 
BOUQUETli;RE [bou-k-UA-rl n. t 

flower-girl, flower-woman (that soils 

BOlJQUETIN [bou-k-tin] n. m. (mam.) 
wild goat. 

BOUQUIN [bou-kin] n. m. 1. old 1w- 
goat ; 2. buck-hare ; 3. ^ (b. 8.) old-book. 

Vleu.v , old hook. 

BOUQUINER [bou-ki-n] V. n. 1. (of 
hares) to cover ; 2. ^ to 7iunt after old 
books ; 8. ^ to read old hooks. 

BOUQUINERIE [bou-ki-n-ri] n. f. J t 

1. heap of old hooks; 2. old-hook trade. 
BOUQUINEUR [bou-ki-neur] n. m. ^ 

hunter after old hooks. 

BOUQ'UINISTE [bou-ki-ni.-t] n. m. 
dealer in old hooks. 

BOURACAN [bou-ra-kau] n. m. bar- 

BOURBE [bour-b] n. f. mire, mitd (of 
the country, or of the bottom of stagnant 

S'enfoncer dans la , to mire. 

BOURBEU-X, SE [bour-beii, eu-z] v;.' 
'miry; muddy; fq^^xAhy. 

Non , ( V. senses) unmiry. Dcpi ^ 
, (mm.) peat; "Ut-moss. 

BOURBIER [bou, si] n. m.l. slough; 

2. mire; mud. 

S'engager dans le ,1. to get into the 
slough; to stick in the mire; se mettre 
dans un , to get into diflicutty, 
trouble; to get o.'s self into a scrajye ; 
tomber dans le , to fall into the mire. 

BOURBILLON [bour-bi-ion*] u. m. 
(med.) (of an abscess) core. 

BOURBONISTE [bour-bo-ni.-t] adj. 
(Fr. hist.) Bourhonist. 

BOURBONISTE, p. n. m. f (Fr. hist). 
Bourhonixt; partisan of the Bourbons. 

BOURCER [bour-8] "v. a. (nav.) to 
brail ; to cleio xip. 

BOUROETTE. n. C T Maciie. 

BOURG^NE [bour-dJ.n, bour-je-n] n. f. 

(bot) black-berry bearing alder ; ber- 
ry-bearing buck-thorn. 

Bourdaine blanche, mjaly-tree ; ^ 
^0(t ii-faring-tree. 

BOURDALOU [bour-da-lou] n. m. 1. 
hat-band ; 2. chamber utenxiZ, pot (of 
oblong shape). 

BOURDE [bour-d] n. f. ^flh (untruth); 
-i- bouncer; -h ichapper; -i- plumper. 

Doniier une a q. u., to tell a. o. a 
=. Donnour de , -r- bouncer. 

BOURDENE [bour-d^-n] n. V. Boun- 


BOURDER [bour-d] V. n. ^ toflh; -f- 
to tell bouncers (untruths), whappers. 

BOURDEUR [bour-deur] n. m. '{fib- 
ber ; bouncer. 

BOURDILLON [bour-di-ion*] n. m. 
oak stave-board. 

BOURDON [bour-don] n. m. walking 
staff; staff. 

de pelerin, pilgrim's staff. 
BOURDON, n. m. 1. great bell; t 

torn hell; 2. (ent) drone; drone-fly; 
dorr-beetle; dorr; dorrer ; humble- 
bee; 3. (mus.) drone; 4. (inus.) (of or- 
gans) bourdon; double diapason; 5. 
(print) 07i,t. 

Faux , (mus.)/a?B bourdon. do 
Saint-Jacques, (bot) rose-mallows. Jeu 
do , (mus.) base of an organ. 

BOURDONNANT, E [bour-do-nan, 1] 
adj. 1. (of birds) liuinming ; 2. (of m- 
sects) hum/mi7ig ; buzzing. 

BOURDONNEIMENT [bour-do-n-man] 
n. m. 1. II (action) htt/inining ; Iruzzing ; 
2. II hu,m ; buzz ; buzzing noise ; 3. 
(in the oars) tinkling ; tingling ; sing- 
%ng ; noise. 

BOURDONNER [bour-do-nf] v. n. 1. 
(of birds) to hum ; 2. (of insects) to hum ; 
to buzz; 3. (th.) to hum; to buzz; 4. 
(of dron ;s) to drone ; 5. (of tops) to 

lenl iment, ( V. senses) to drone out. 
Chose, pursonne qui bourdonne, hum- 
mer ; Inizzer. 

BOURDONNER, v. a. IT 1. 1 to hum; 
2. to torment ; to pester ; ]p^~ to bother. 

"- q. oh. a q. u., to torment, U> pester a. o. 
ji:h a. th. 

BOURDONNET [bour-do-nj] n. m. 
Jsurg.) dossil. 

BOURDONNEUR [bour-do-neiir] adj. 

1. (of birds) humming ; 2. (of liiswcls; 
humming ; Inizziiiq. 

BOURDONNEUR, n. m. 1. (of birdjj 
hummer ; 2. (of insects) humnier ; 
buzzer; 8. humming-bird. 

BOURG [bourk] n. m. marktst-town. 

BOURGADE [bour-g.i d] n. f. 1. mni^U 
market-town; 2. long, straggling vil- 

B0URG*:NE, n, f. r. Bouiidaine. 

BOURGEOIS [bouT-jca] n. m. E [oo-a] 
n. f. 1. citizen ; 2. t citizens ; 8. cont- 
moner (not a nobleman); 4. civilian 
(not a soldier) ; 5. master ; mistress ; A 
(law) burgess; 1. (com. nav.) ship- 
owner; owner. 

1. Un de Paris, a citizen nf Pa''i8. 5. Cea 

ouvriers furent cnneedits par leiir , these wurt- 
men were discharged btj their master. 

Bon , bonne e, 1. good citizen; 2. 
(b. s.) cit; petit , 1. humble citizen; 
2. (b. s.) mean citizen. 

BOURGEOIS, E, adj. 1. citizen-like; 

2. homely; 3. private (of private in li- 
viduals) ; 4. pjlain (fit for familios) ; 
family ; Iwusehold ; 5. (b. s.) common ; 

Maniires es, manners of a cit, citi- 

BOURGEOISEMENT [bour-joa-z-man] 

adv. 1. in a citizen-like manner; 2. 
homely ; in a homely manner, way ; 3. 
as a private individual. 

BOURGEOISIE [bo..r-joa-zi] n. f. 1. 
citizenship ; 2. citizens ; commonalty ; 

3. (xio\.) freedom of the city. 
Admission au droit de , enfranchise- 
ment; droit de , 1. hurghership ; 2. 
freedom oftlie city. Conferer les droits 
de A, to enfranchise ; obtenir le droit 
de , to take out o.'s freedom,. 

BOURGEON [i)oiir-j6n] n. m. 1. (ag) ) 
tiller; 2. (bot) bud; 3. (bot) gem; 1 
pimple (on the face) ; 5. (of viu ) 

s charnus, (med.) proud flesh; 
florifdre, a tieur, (hot.) flower Mid ; 
fructifere, i^ fruit (hot.) flotcer-bud. d 
bois, & feuilles, (bot) gem ; d'ivrogno, 
(jest.) grog-blossom. I'ousser des 8, to 
put forth buds, gems, shoots. 

BOURGEON N ANT, E [bour-jo-nan, >,] 
adj. budding. 

B0URGE0NN:6, E [bour-ju-n] Adj. 

(of the face, forehead, nose) pimpled. 

BOURGEONNEMENT [bour-jo-n-aa.u] 
n. m. (bot) budding; gemination. 

BOURG EONNER [boiir-jo-n] v. n. 1. 
(agi-.) to tiller (send forth stems from the 
root) ; 2. (bot) to bud. 

BOURGEONNIER [bour-jo-iil^] n. m. 
(orn.) bullfinch. 

BOURGMESTRE [bourg-mH-tr] n. m. 

BOURGOGNE (LA) [la-bour-go-g..*] n. 
(geog.) Burgundy. 

Vin de ,:=;=: wine. 

BOURGOGNE [bour-go-gii*] n. lu. 
Burgundy ; Burgundi/-%cine. 

BOURGUfiPINE [bour-gh^-pi-n] n. C 
(hot.) purging thorn. 

BOURGUIGNON, NE [bour-ghi-gnon, 
on*] adj. Burgundian. 

BOURGUIGNON, n. m. NE, n. 

BOURLET [bour-lj] n. ui. V. Bouere- 


BOURNOUS i^bonr-nons] V. BoRNOUSB. 

BOURRACHE [bou-ra-sb] n. (bot) 

BOURRADE [bou-ra-d] n. 1. (hunt! 
snapping ; 2 blow with the butt-end uj 
a musket. 

BOUHRAS [bou-ra] n. m. V. Bcrk. 

BOURRASQUE [bou-ras-k] n. 1 
squall of wind ; .squall; 2. more vio- 
lent attack (of a diseafo'> ; 3. ve.eation 
(sudden and unforeseeii) ; 4. paroxy^i, 
fit of anger ; 5. ^ fit of ill-humor. 

BOUltRE [bou-r] n. 1. 1| hair (ol 
beasts) ; 2. || flock ; 3. trash ; trurvp- 
ery ; stuff; 4. Tof fire-arms) wad; wad- 
ding ; 5. (liort) vine-hud. 

lanice, de laine, flock of wool; 
tontisso, (cXoth.) ,1iock ; de 6oio,fk)cn 
bilk ; lit de , ffock-bext. 

EOURRlfc, t [hou-K] juy atiiffed 

Nou , unstuffed. 





a rati ; d mftle ; e fee ; <? ftve ; & fcto ; ^ je ; i II ; i ile ; o mol ; 6 mfile ; 6 mort ; u sue ; w sure ; mi jour ; 

BOURREAU [bou-r6] n. m. 1. ^ex^cu- 
yioiier ; li^udmnan ; 2. Ii executioner ; ^ 
haivgman; ^^" Jack /ceteh; 8. cre/ 
wretch; brute; 4. tonnenter. 

crargent, spendthrift, fitre le de 
!K)i-meiiie, to take no care of one's 
health, strength; livrcrau , to deliver 
orer to the etrscutioner. 

KOUKKfiE [bou-rt] n. f. 1. small fag- 
O-.t; 2. (dance) horee; 8. (inus.) ioree 

BOURRELER [bou-r-I] v. a. to 
fjcad ; to sting ; to torture ; to torment. 

BocKRELE, E, po. p. ( V. senscs) (of the 
amscienee) goaded ; gangrened. 

BOURRELKRIE [bour-l-ri] n. f. Juir- 
r.t8s-7naking (for cart-horses). 

a. m. I. pad; 2. cu.shion (round, with a 
hole in tlie middle) ; 3. j)ad (put around 
windows and doors) ; 4. (for chil(h'en) 
"bourrelet" (pad put round children's 
heads) ; 5. round swelling (on trees) ; 6. 
fW" swelling (on tltf loins); 7. (tech.) 

BOURRELIER [bou-r-li*' ] n. m. 1. har- 
ness-maker ; 2. (for cart-horses) saddle- 

BOURRER [bou r] V. a. f (nr, witJi) 1. 
[ to stuj'{w]t\i hair or wool) ; 2. 1 to wad ; 
8. 1 to cram ; 4. II (h. s.) to staff in ; to 
1niff up ; 6. II to ram (flre-anns) : (J. to 
stuff (cause to eat) ; to cram ; 7. % to 
pusJi (with the butt-end of a musket); 
8. S to strike, to beat; 9. to abuse; to 

8e BOL'KREIt, pr. V. 1. [ (DE, Witk) tO 

cram o.'s self; to stuff o.'s self; 2. to 
beat each other; 3. fe> abuse each 

BOURRER, V. n. (of horses) to start; 
to bolt. 

BOURRICIIE [bott-ri-8h] n. f. basket 
(Ibr game). 

BOURRIQUE [bon-ri-k] n. f. 1. she- 
ars; 'i jenny ass; 2. Qiers.) ass; ig- 
'vyrant, stupid ass. 

BOURRIQUKT [bou-ri-ki] n. m. 1. 
wu/iig ass ; 2. little < ; 3. (mas.) hand- 
darrotc ; 4. (tech.) horse. 

BOURRIR [bou-rir] V. n. (of the part- 
Jldge) to whir. 

BOURROIR [bou-roar] n. m. (tech.) 

BOURRU, E [bou-n.] adj. 1. crabbed; 
tely ; pettish ; jieeeish; waspish ; surly; 
2. (of wine) unferm-enied. 

Moine , 1. crabbed monk,friar ; 2. 
bugbear (phantom). 

BOURSE [boiir-s] n. f. 1. purse (mo- 
ney-bag) ; 2. purse ; money ; pocket ; 8. 
(for the hair) hag ; 4. (Turkish money) 
pwrse ; 5. (of saildles) saddle-bag ; 'C. 
(of schools) scliolarship ; foundation, 
hing's, qv-een's scholarship; 7. (anat.) 
tac; 1 cod; S. (hot.) rolmi ; ^ wrap- 
per ; 9. (com.) exchange (edifice) ; 
change; 10. {\\w}t.) purse-net ; hag-net; 
11. (mam.) pouch ; 12. (surg.) suspen- 
sory bandage ; 13. (univ.) ea'liibition. 

diigarnie, legure, empty, light purse; 
bien garnie, vieU-lined = ; lonrdc. 
heavy =: muqueuse, sebacee, (anat) 
vesicular, synoviid sac ; a chevcux, 
hair-bag ; de filet, net-icork = ; 
potir lei* fonds publics, (com.) stocA'-ex- 
change ; a pasteur, (hot) casstceed ; 
^ sliepherd's purse, pouch. Bidletin de 
, (com.) course of exchange ; coupeur 
de . CM*-= ; filet en , =:-net. La ! 
delirer ! la on la vie! your money or 
your life ! A , (mam.) pouclied ; a la 
. (com.) on cluinge ; aprcsla , (com.) 
qfter chttnge ; avant la , (com.) before 
t^ange. AUer a la , (com.) to 170 on 
Change; n'avoir, ne faire qu'une . ( f'i 
toira -- coirimune); conper une , to 
jyiik a pocket ; couper la u q. u., 1. J 
tj cut a. o.'s iruvse ; 2. II to pick a. o.'s 
pocket : 3. to gel money out of a, ?. ; 
lomander la , la ou la vie. to ds- 
mand o.'s money or o.'s life ; fairo 
eommune, to keep a common, = ; fermer 
ta , to put up, to tie up o.'s =. ; se 
Inisser couper la , to let a. o. put his 
kand in o.'s pocket ; ne i>as lais.ser voir 
ic fond de sa . not to let people ki/nc 
'Jw. state 'fane's affairs ; higcr le diable j 

dans sa , to liave an empty --:. ; mana- 
ger la de q. u., to spare a. o.'s pocket; 
mettre dans une , to put into 1 1 pxirse ; 
to purse ; to purse up ; mettre en , to 
p\it into o.'s = ; topurse; topurseup ; 
mettre la main a la , to put o.'s hatid 
into o.'s := ; tenlr la , les cordons de la 
, to hoid the =z-strings ; tirer sa , 
to pull out o.'s =. Sans delier, icit/i- 
out any outlay; withovt spending a 

BOURSETTE rbour-.Vt] n. t (bot) 
casstceed ; ^ shepherd's vurse, pouch. 

BOURSICAUT [bour-8ii:j 1. m. \ 1. 
small purse; 2. savings. 

Se faire un , to lay by a trifle. 

BOURSIER [bour-i6] n.m.1.f purse- 
maker; 2. {schoo\s) foundation, king's, 
queen's scholar ; scholar on the estab- 
lishment; 3. (univ.) exhibitioner. 

fitre , to 6 a = ; to be on the foun- 

BOURSILLEK [bour-u-id*] v. n. ^ to 
club together. 

BOURSON [bour-6n] n. m. 1 1. pocket; 
fob ; 2. purse. 

BOUltSOUFLAGE [ bour-ou-fla-j ] n. 
m. (liter.) b/>7nbast; fustian. 

]50URS0UFLi:, E [bour-sou-n] adj. 1. 
stcollen ; 2. J bloated; puffed up; 8. 
(of language, style) u^ated ; turgid; 
bombastic; ^ puffy, 

tci-ivain , bombastic writer ; fus- 
tianist. I'arler un langage , to talk 

BOURSOUFLER [bonr-.ou-fl] V. a. \ 
1. to sicell; 2. to bloat; to puff up. 

BOURSOUFLURE [bour-.ou-flu-r] n. f. 

1. B swelling ; 2. 8 bloatedness ; 8. (of 
language, style) turgidness ; turgidity; 
bombast ; fustian. 

B0U8, ind. pros. 1st, 2d sing. ; impera. 
2d sins, of Bouillir. 

BOt'SAGE [bou-sa-j] n. m. (a. & m.) 

BOUSCULER [bou8-ku-U] V. a. 1 1. to 
turn (a. th.) topsy-turvy ; 2. to hustle 
(a. o.) ; 8. to elboic (a. o.) out. 

BOUSE [boii-z] n. f dun^ (of oxen). 

de vache, cmc-dung. 

BOUSILLAGE [bon-ii-ia-j*] n. m. 1. 
(build.) 7nud ; 2. (mas.) mud-waU btiUd- 
ing ; -8. botch. 

Mur de , (mas.) miid-^call. A mur 
de , (mas.^ tnud-xoaUed. 

BOUSILLER [bou-zi-ie*] V. n. (build.) 
to build with mud. 

BOUSILLER, V. a. to botch; to 
Mingle, over ; to slubber. 

BOUSILLEU-R [bou-zi-iefir*] n. m. SE 
[eii-z] n. f. 1. (mas.) mud-wall builder ; 

2. botcher; bungler. 

i50USIN [bOTi-zin] n. m. 1. sandtent 
(soft surface ot freestone) ; 2. K^~ noise ; 

BOUSSOIR, n. m. V. Bossoir. 

BOUSSOLE [bou-.o-i] n. f. 1. man- 
ner'-'>, sea compass ; compass ; mari- 
ner's needle; box and needle; 2. 
guide; director; .3. (of land-measurers) 
compass ; land-compja^s ; 4. (astr.) com- 
pass ; 5. (nav.) compass. 

. BOUSTROPH^DON rbou.-tro-ft-elon] 

n. m. (Gr. ant.) boustrophedon (writing 
from right to left and froni left to richt). 
BOUT [hou] n. m. 1. 1 end ; extre- 
mity; 2. II tip; 3. 1 hit; little bit; 4. 
(of the breast) stipple ; 5. (of foils) tip ; 
button; 6. (of gnns) muzzle ; 7. (of soles 
of shoos) piece; 8. (of stick.s. parasols, 
mnhTe\]as)ferrzde ; 9. (of wings) piw/ow; 
10. + (nav.) (of the ship) bow ; 11. (nav.) 
(of ropes) fag-end; fall; 12. (tech.) 

2. \x lie In tailzie ou de Toreille, Iht lip of 
Iko tnnrpie or the ear. 8. Un de inV.ln nu de 
oordt', a bit of ribbon or string ; un d'honnne, a 
bit ./ a man. 

Bas , lower end; un bon de 
temps, a good bit of time; gros , 
large =; haut , upper =; petit , 
tip ; de petits s. odds and r=.s; un pe- 
tit de, a little bit of; petit d'hom- 
me, little hit of a man ; 8 rimes, jeu 
d''s 8 rimes, crambo; saigneu.v, 
(cxitch.) 1. scrag ; 2. crag. de bougie, 
ciiitndclle, candle-end ; ii , 1. = to 
= ; 2. endwise. de devaat, 1. fore- 

quarters; 2. (man.),,t're-A<.rtd , le du 
monde, 1. [ the = ofths world ; 2. thi 
utmost; de porte, (carp.) top-piece. 
A , 1. fi at an z=; 2. exhausted; 8. g 
(pers.) at ths end of o.'s Pdher ; k ~ 
portant, 1. close to the muzzle ; 2. muz- 
zle to tnuzzle ; au le , let the thing 
last as it may; au de Taune faat >t 
di'ap, thei-e is an = to every thing ; \j 

du monde, 1. to Vie -- of the world ; 
2. ^ out of the world (at a gref.t dit>- 
tance) ; h tout de champ, every mo- 
ment, instant; ^ at every turn: au 
du compte, after all ; considering 
every thing ; de en , 1. ifrom = to 
= ; 2. (nav.) from stem to stem ; d"un 

a Tautre, X.frcnn = to = ; from one 
= to the other ; 2. throughout ; through 
and through; Z.from side to side; 
jusqu"au , 1. to an = ; to the = ; 2. 8 
out (to the end). Aller ju.squ"au , 1. | 
%to go on to the end ; 2. to go to the 
whole length, to the utmost ; 3. (b. s.) 
to rough it out; avoir, tenir !e bon 
par devcrs soi \ to be the right side of 
the hedge ; n'avoir q. ch. que par le bon 
, not to get a. th. without paying xcell 
for it ; etre a t , 1. to be at tits end 
of o.'s tet]ier : 2. to he out of patience ; 
garnir ie de, to tip ; joindre les deux 
s, joindre les deux s de I'annce. to 
make tlie two =8 meet; to make both 
=s meet; mettre i , to nonplus; to 
put to a tionplus ; inordre le de, to 
bite off; to nip off; pincer le de, to 
fi-ip <^! poser a , to to?/ endtcise ; 
pousser a , 1. to drive to extreinitifs ; 

2. to put out of patience ; 3. to nonplus ; 
to put to a nonplus ; 4. to tax /tome ; 
prendre q. ch. par le bon , to set the 
right way about a. th. ; ne pas savoir 
par quel i)rendre q. u., not to knmt 
hotc to proceed witli a. o. ; \eiiir a 
de, 1. to succeed in ; to work out ; ^ to 
manage in the end (to); to manage 
(to); 2. to tcade through; ^ to K^ajfc^i 
o^it ; 3. to get the better of. Dont on uc 
vient pas a , wnmanaged. 

Syn. Bout, EXTRftwiTft, fin. Bmt and fin 
may both be translated by the word end ; fiitrf 
meiming end aa oppoaed to another end, and ji* 
meaning end as opposed to the beginning. The 
extremite {extremity) is oppi'Sed to the centre. 
Tims we say the bout (end) of the alley : the extr^ 
mite (extremity) of the kingdom; the jfn (end) ol 
life. We go froni one b/ntt (end) of a thing to tbs 
other; we penetrate from its extrimil't (extremi- 
ties) to its centre ; we follow it from its beginniDg 
to ita/n (end.) 

BOUTADE [b<ra-t-d] n. f. 1. whim; 
freak ; 2. sally (of wit). 

Par , by fits, starts, snatches; by 
fits and starts. 

tar-g, bo-tar-g] n. f. botargo. 

BOUT-I)EIIORS [bou-d6-or] n. m., pL 
, (nav. arch.) boom,. 

BOUTli, E [ bou-t* ] adj. (man.) 

BOUTE-EN-TRAIN [bon-t-an-trinj U. 

m., pi. , 1. II breeding horse ; 2. || sing- 
ing bird that excites others to sing ; 8. 
stirrer; life and sold (of a company). 
BOUTE-FEU [bou-t-feu] n. m., pi. , 
l.(artil.) linstock; 2. (scrtW.) field -staff; 

3. (pers.) incendiary ; fire-brand. 
BOUTE-IIORS [bou-t-hor] n. m., pi. , 

1. " houte-hors" (a game) ; 2. (nav.) boom, 
Jouer au , 1. II to play at boute-hors, 

2. to endeavorto supplant each othtir. 
i?OUTEILLE [bon-ti-i*] n. f.l. bottU; 

2. bottle ; botUe-fuU ; 8. bottle-case ; i. 
+ bubble. 

de cuir, leathern bottle; de jn^ 
stone-=; la a I'encrc, 1. I the ink- 
bottle; 2. a thing impos.sible to be 
seen through ; de Leyde, (elcctr.) elt,it- 
trical jar, phial; Le yd en- jar, phial. 
Ami de , =f,-ien(ljMm de la - . a 
friend to ft =:; t3g^ pot-man; c- 
marade de ,z=.-comp anion; mastasin 
de s, r=.-ltmise . mise en , bottling : 
ouvrier qui fait les _s, z=.-maker; 
planche a K^-rock. A \a.,byth 
=L ; en , bottled. N'avoir rien ru que 
par le trou d'une , to liaxe r-een no- 
thing oftlte world ; boire ,u drink a 
= ; boucher une , to cork it = ; d6- 
boucher une , to urMork a = bitv. 




oitjoute; e?tjcd; eMJeune: ea (leur; rin. pan ; fnpin; on be q; WMbixa; "ll liq. ; *gn liq. 

Jrnis la ^. 1. II to be in th = ; 2. to be 
In the plot, secret ; feler une , faire 
Hauler une , faire sauter le bouclion 
d'ane , to crack, a =: ; mettrc en , to 
bottle ; to hottle off; payer a q. u., to 
treat a. o. with a ; vider ine , 1. to 
trinpty a = ; 2. to dnnk out a =. 
BOUTEILLEK [bou-te-ie*] n. m. Y. 


liOUTEIIXES [bou-U-i*] n. f. (pi.) 
(\,av.) rov.tul-houiie. 

BOUTEE [bou-w] V. a. + to put. 

BOUTEK, V. n. (of wine) to get thick. 

BOUTEKOLLE [bou-t-ro-lj n. f. (mil.) 
V f a scabbar.l) chape ; crainjjit. 

Sans , without a ==; chapeless. 

BOUTE-SELLE [bou-t-.e-l] n. m., pL 
, (mil.) ifigiutl to saddle. 

Sonner le , to give the signal to 

BOUTE-TOUT-CUIRE [bou-t-tou- 
kui-r] n. m., pi. , spendthrift. 

BOUTILLIEK [bou-ti-i(S*] n. m. t cup- 

Grand , grand = ; =. 

BOUTIQUE [bou-ti-k] n. 1. s/top , 2. 
goods in a sltap : 3. implenients, tools 
(of a mechanic) ; 4. tcork ; doing ; 5. 
(of fairs) stwuding ; 6. (lish.) well-boat. 

Commis de , shop-nuin ; jeune coni- 
mis de , ^=--boy ; demoiselle, ttlle de 
, =-girl; femme de , =z-woman ; 
garfon de , ^^-boy. Fenner , la , 
to shut up := ; garder une , to atteiiJ 
a = ; mettre q. u. en , to set up a. o. 
in bivsiness ; se mettre en , ouviir , 
lever , to begin business ; to set up ; 
to open shop ; ouvrir la , to open = ; 
partir, sortir, venir de la de q. u., ( V. 
senses) ^ to be of a. o.'s work, doing ; 
renverser la boutique -H, to upset the 
a2>ple-cart; tcnir , to keep a =. 

BOUTIQU-IER [boi.-ti-ki(5] n. m. ifeUE 
[i4-r] n. 1. shop-keeper ; 2. 4. (b. 8.) 
yetti/ shop-keeper. 

BOUTIS [bou-ti] n. m. {hunt) rooting- 
t. Izce. 

BOUTISSE [bou-ti-s] n. C (mas.) 
header; bond-stone. 

BOUTOIK [bou-toiir] n. m. 1. snout (of 
fi wild boar); 2. (build.) buttress; 3. 
(far.) butteris; parer. 

Coup de , cross, disagreeable an- 

BOUTON [bcu-ton] n. m. 1. (of Uowers) 
button ; 2. (of shrubs, trees) bud ; 3. 
pimple ; 4. button ; .5. shirt-stud ; stud; 
6. ** stud (ornament) ; 7. (of the breast) 
nipple; S. (of bolts, doors, locks) A;o6 ; 
t. (of doons) handle; 10. (artil.) butttm; 
11. (bot.) hud ; getn ; button ; 12. (chcm.) 
button ; 13. s, (pi.) (med.) carbuncled 
face; thrush; 14. (man.) //wftora. 

ia^onwii, jig ured button ; fixe (of 
doors) ifcjio^; uni, 7;/(/i/i =. acla- 
vette, (tech.) collar-, cotter-pin; de 
devant, (of coats) breast =z ; d'or, 1. 
gold =:; 2. (bot.) crow-foot; upright 
craw-foot; golden cup ; 1 butter-cup ; 
f king-cup ; a queue, shank. == ; 
de sein, nipple. Garniture de s, set of 
=^s ; queue de , :=--sIuink. Dans son 
, (bot.) in the bud; en , (bot.) in 
bud. Passer un dans, to put a ^^ in ; 
serrer le a q. u. , to urge a. o. 

aa. (bot.) budding ; buttoning. 

BOUTONNEU [bou-to-n] t. n. to hud; 
to button. 

BOUTONNER, v. a 1. to button; 2. 
iu button up. 

BoiTTo.NNE, E, pa. p. 1. buttoned; 2. 
b'M toned up ; 3. reserved ; close ; 4. 
(cf l.he nose) pimpled; 5. (surg. instr.) 

Ciseau.^ s, (surg.) prohe-soissors. 
juflqu'ii la gorge, jusqu'au nienton , very 
renerved, close. 

Bb boutonner, pr. v. to button o.^s 

BOUTONNERIE [ bou-to-n-rf ] n. C 
'. (com.) b)Utan-trade ; 2. btMons; 
J. button-store ; button-establishment ; 

BOUTONNET [bou-to-nJ] n. m. t lit- 
'Ir. bud, button; gem. 

BOUTONNIER [Uhi-io-dU] n. m. but- 

BOUT0NNl:fcRE ;;bou-to-niJ-r] n. 1. 
1 button-Iwle; 2. wide wound. 

i'ermce,/ufe6 =. Faire une i q. 
u., to give a. o. a tcide woum,d. 

BOUTS-EIMfiS [bou-ri-m6] n. m. (pi.) 
bouts-rimes (rhymes to be filled up). 

BOUTURE [bou-tu-r] n. (hort.) cut- 
ting; slip. 

BOUVAED [bou-var] n. m. t (coin.) 

BOUVEEIE [bou-T-ri] n. f ox-stall. 

BOUVET [bou-vJ] n. m. (tech.) groov- 

a deux pieces, h rapprofondir, 

BOUV-IER [bou-Ti] n. m. lilEE [iJ-r] 
n. neat herd ; ox-driver. 

BOUVILLON [bou-vi-ion*] n. m.(mam.) 
young bullock. 

BOUVREUIL [bou-vreui*] n. m. (om.) 
bullfinch ; coal-lwod. 

BOUVREUX [bou-vreu] n. m. V. Bou- 


BOVINE [bo-vi-n] adj. bovine. 

Betes s, cattle of the bovine race; 
oxen; race , bovine race; coto-fami- 
ly ; cow-kind; bullfamily. 

BOWL [bol] V. BOL. 

BOXER [bok-86] V. n. to box. 

BOXER (SE) [s6-bok-84] pr. v. to 

BOXEUE [bok-seur] n. m. boxer. 

Combat de s, boxing match. 

BOYAED [bo-iar] n. m. boyar. 

BOYAU [boa-i6] n. m. 1. gut; 2. kyr^g 
and narroiv place ; 8. (fort.) (of trench- 
es) branch; 4 (hydr.) Iwse (leathern 

Corde k, de , cat-gut; descente de 
X, rupture. Avoir toujours six aunes 
de X vides, to be always hungry ; ra- 
cier le , to scrape. 

BOYAUDEEIE [boa it -d-H] n. gut- 

BOYAUDIER [boa-i5-.ii] a m. gnt- 

BRABANQON, NE [bra-ban-ion, o-n] 
adj. of Brahant. 

BRABANCON, p. n. m. NE, p. n. 
native of Brabant. 

BRACELET [bra-s-ij,] n. m. bracelet ; 

BRACHIAL, E [bra-ki-al] adj. (anat) 

ka-ta-Iek-ti-k] (anc. vers.) brachycatalec- 

BEACIIIONCOSE [b-ki-6n-k6-z] n. 
(med.) tumor on tlw arm. 

Bl'.ACniOTOMIE [bra-ki-o-to-mi] n. 
(surg.) amputdtinn oftlie arm. 

BEACllYPNfiE ' [bra-kip-n^] n. 
(med.) Jirtichi/pniea. 

BRACONNAGE [bra ko-na-j] n. m. 

BRA CONNER [bra-ko-n] V. a. to 

BRACONNIEE [bra-ko-ni6] n. m. 

BEA(~)T15E [brak-t] n. (bot.) bract. 

Muni de s, (bot.) iiracteate. 

BRACT6IFERE [bnlk-t6-i-K-r] adj 
(bot) bracteate. 

BEADYPEPSIE [bra-di-pj.p-8i] n. 
(med.') "lotc. imperfect digestio7i. 

BEAGUE [bra-g] n. (nav.) breecJi- 

BRAGUETTE [bra-ghfe-t] n. V. Bka- 


BRAHMANE, BRAME [bi-a-ma-n, 

BRAMINE [bra-mi-n] n. m. Bramin. 

BRAIIMANIQUE [bra-ma-ni-k] adj. 

BRAHMANISME [bra-ma-nis-m] n. m. 

BRA I [bre] n. m. resin; rosin. 

gras, sheep-smearing pitch ; sec, 
colophony ; black, common rosin. 

BRAIE [bre] n. 1. t napkin ; clout ; 
2. 8, (p\.) breech^es ; 3. s, (pi.) draw- 
ers ; 4. (nav.) coat. 

Armer de s. (nav.) to coat ; en sor- 
tir, s"en tirer les s nettes t^", to get 
off unharmed, clear. 
~ Braient, :nd. pres. 3d pi. of Braire. 

BEAILLARD, E [bra-inr, d*] atlj. 1. 
brawling ; 2. squalling. \ 

BEAILLAED, n. m. E, n. C 1. braiel 

er ; 2. squaller. 

BEAILLER [bra-i^*] v. n. 1. to brawl- 
to brawl out; 2. to squall; to squaU 

En braillant, brawlingly. Abattre ? 
force de , 1. to bruwl doion; 2. Ui 
squall doicn. 

BEAILLEU-E, SE [bra-ieur, en-] .TdJ 

1. brawling ; 2. squalling. 

BEAILLEU-E, n. m. SE, n. 1. Irau'i^ 
er ; 2. tqualler. 

BEAIMENT [brfe-man] n. m. brayxnj 

Braiba, ind. fut 8d sing, of Bkaiek. 

Braikait, cond. 3d sing. 

BRAIRE [bri-r] V. n. irr. de (irrt, 
pres. iL BRAiT ; ils braient ; fut 11 
beaira) to bray. 

bien haul, to bray out, Personiii 
qui brait, brayer. 

[BRAtRK is used only in the inf., the 3d pers. of 
the ind pres. and fut., and tbe 3d pers. of tbo 

BEAISE [brfe-i] n. 1. embers; 2. 

vive, live embers. 

BRAISEE [brj-z] V. a. to bake (in au 
oven heated by embers). 

BRAISIER [bri-zi4] n. m. bi'aziet 

BRAISIERE [brJ.ziJ-r] n. t>ven 
(heated by embers). 

BnAtT, ind. pres. 3d sing, of Braire. 

BRAME [bra-m] n. m. V. 

BEAMI<;MENT [bra-m-man] n. m. 
(hunt.) belling. 

BRAMER [bra-m] V. n. (hunt.) to bell, 

BRAMINE [bra-mi-n] n. m. V. Brah- 


BRAMINE, n. Braminess. 
BRAN [bran] n. m. 1. -j- efccr&ment; 
dirt ; 2. t dust. 

de scie +, auw-dust. de... 
afiy.for ...I 

BRANCARD [bran-kar] n. m. 1. Ittjr 
(carriage) ; 2. hand-barrme ; 8. (of cnrtj") 
shaft, tliill; shafts, thills; t (of foai 
wlieekd carriages) shaft ; 6. (tfacb ) gi'0<i, 

Clieval de , wheeler ; thiUer; thiifi- 

BRANCIIAGE [bran-dia-j] n. m. 
branches ; bou.glis. 

BRANCHE [briin-8h] n. 1. J brftnch 
(of a tree) ; bough ; 2. || sUver (branch 
torn off); .3. J branch (thing like tht 
branch of a tree) ; 4. branch (part, di- 
vi.sion) ; 5. branch (of a family) ; 6. (ol 
a bit) branch ; 7. (of compa-sses) branch ; 
leg; S. (of rivers) branch; 9. (of lad- 
ders', i'lle-rail ; 10. (of mines) branch- 
thread-vein ; 11. (anat.) branch ; 12 
(arch.) branch; 1.3. (bot.) grain; 14. 
(geom.) (of hyperbolas) leg. 

chiffonnc, hidf wood branch ; 
gourniande, proud =; jeune, petite , 

1. tuyig ; wattle ; 2. (in embroidery) 
sprig. ^Iere ,bough. Arbre, arbrisseau 
qui poiisse des s, branclier. A s, 
branched ; sans , branchless. S"accro- 
cher a totites les s, 1. to cling to every 
= ; 2. to leave no jneans untried, no 
stone unturned ; broder des s sur, 
orner de s brodccs to sprig ; diviser en 
8, to divide into =zes ; to branch ; licr 
aveo de petites s, to wattle ; pousser 
des s, 1. to liranch; to branch out; 

2. (hunt) to branch ; sauter de en , 
1. II to hop from =: to = ; 2. to das\ 
go from one thing to another. 

BRANCIIEE [bran-8h] V. 8. t ! (A, H) 

to tie up to a bough. 

Branch E, e, pa. p. 1. \ perched t\ a 
branch, hough ,' 2. (pers.) perche^i. 

BRANCHER, v. n. (sport.) to tra\ 

BRANCIIE:-URSINE [bran-sh-nr-d i.\ 
n. , pl. Branohes-uhsines, 

BRANCUESINE [bran-kur-si-o] a t, 
pl. s, (bot.) brank-urs'iiie. 

batarde, cow-parsnip. 
BRANCHIAL, E [bran-shi-all adj (Ich.) 

oftlie gills. 

Opercule , (ich.) gill-cover: o'ifioa 
, (ich.) gill-openir.;. 

BRANCHIER [bian-8hi6l adj. m.(3Mc.) 
that flies from, ranch to branch. 

Oiseau , branclier. 

BRANCH lES fbriin-sbn n. (pl.) (lcb.J 
bra/ncMa ; ^ giU, [ gilts. 





a mal ; a male ; t foe ; e Ajve ; fete ; o je ; i 11 ; S ile ; o mol ; o niu 

i;.oit; M sue; 'i sure; ou joitr; 

Oaverture dcs , dill-opening. 

BltANClIIOSTiCiE [brnn-shi-o-BtJ-j] 
H(\j. (icli.) lifiinc/iiosteffoiiK. 

0|)ercule , (ich.) gill-cover. 

BKAXCIIU. E [brati-8liu] a<l,j. (bot.) 
brum lied ; /uU of branches ; ra- 

UliANDAPE [bran-Ua-d] n. f. (culii..) 
" brnndiule" ^manner of coDkiiiic cofl). 

JiltA NDK [bniii-d] n. f. 1. heath; loeath- 
cr ; 2. /wath (i.lci'). 

iSilAJ^DEBOUllG [bran-.l-bour] n. tn. 

BKANDEBOURG, p. n. ui. (geog.) 

BRANDEVIN [bran-d-vin] n. m. t 

BEANDILLEMENT [bran-di-i-man*] 

n. ni. swinging ; shaking aliout. 

BRANDILLEli [brin-di-ie*] V. a. <<> 
mcing ; to shake .tbout. 

rE BRANDILl.EK, pr. V. to swiug ; to 
Sliake about. 

HRANDILLOIRE [bran-di-ioa-r*] n. t 

1. t swing ; 2. {aixi:.)fo<it, swing ploiig/t. 
15RANDIR [bran-dirj v. a. 1. to bran- 
dish; tojlourish; 2. ( carp.) toy//?).. 

BRANDON [bran-douj li. ill. 1. u'isp 
vf straw lighted ; 2. brand (stick); 3. 
brand (to mark seizure of crops). 

do disconle, canse of discord; ^ 
mischief maker. Dimanclie des 8 t, 
first Sunday of Lent. 

BRANDONXER [bran-do-n] V. a. to 
place brands in (a place to indicate tlie 
uuizure of the crop). 

BRANLANT, E [bran-Ian, t] adj. 1. 
airinging ; sJutking ; 2. totteiing. 

fttri! nil cliateau t^", to be sluiky. 

BR.WLE [bran-l] n. ru. 1. 1| springing ; 
*, <!hai'ing ; 2. imjnilse; itnpetuji ; S. 
braul Olaiice, time'): 4. (of bells) ring- 
itiff ; 5. X (nav.) h.ammock. 

y^oiiner lo a, mettre en , to give 
an impulse to; ^ to set going, ifitre, 
!<. mtttrc en , to be put in motion ; 
^ U) lie set going ; mener le , to set the 
iXKimple ; to set to irork ; mettre en , 
(o put in motion ; 1 to set going ; son- 
icr en , to ring in peal. 

UitANLE-BAS [briin-l-bA] n. m. (nav.) 

! 1. doxcn all hammocks ! 2. up all 
h immocks ! Kaire , to clear ; faire son 
, to turn out. 

BRANLEMENT [brin-l-mai.l n. m. 1. 
bioinging; shaking; 2. tottering. 

BRANLE-QUEL'E [bran-l-keu] n. m., 
pi. 8, (enL) briuulUng. 

ijRANLER [brAn-l;] v. n. 1. to siring ; 

2. to shake ; 3. to totter ; 4. to get loose ; 
5. t to stir; to move; to budge; 6. (mil.) 
to gi/ce xcay. 

au manclie, dans le manclie, 1. H (of 
tools) to shake in the handle; 2. to 
uaver ; to be irre-soluts ; 3. to totter ; 
', not to be firm, in o.'s seat. 

BRANL^R, V. a. I. to swing; 2. to 
shake ; 3. to make totter, 

1. lea janiU-8 ou leg bras, to swing o.'t legs or 
o.' arr. !. la t^te, to shake ".'# head. 

BRANLOIRE [bran-loa-r] n. see- 


BRAQUE [bra-k] n. m. f. 1. Dalma- 
tian lu/und; bracMiound; brack; 2. 
(l)ers.) nuid-cap. 

de Bengale, Dalmatian lumnd ; 
[ coach-dog. 

BIIAQTIEMART [bra-k-m4r] n. m. t 

BRAQUEMENT [bra-k-man] n. m. J 
lyniding (of lire-arms). 

BRAQltER [bra-k] v. a. 1. to point 
(."j >atm); 2. to point (a telescope); 8. 
i to diifct (looks). 

1 istrument a un canoa (a Ml.) 

BRAS [btA] n. III. 1. J arm (of the 
!"iMian body) ; 2. ] arm (thing resem- 
1/iiiii: ai) arm); 8. 3 hand (person In 
3 H service) ; 4. II haiulle ; 5. arm, 
(strength) ; C. (rrn: ; notoer ; 7. sconce 
ican<lclabrum) ; S. (of anchors) . arm ; 
9. (of a balance) arm ; 10. (o.' cray-Hsh) 
rlaw ; \\ (of levers) arm; 12. (>f lit- 
ters) shaft; 18. (of seats) aim; 14. (o," 
whales) ;>'n ; 15. (geog.)rm; IG. (horol.) 
arm; 17. (macli.) side rod; IS. (man.^ 


arm ; 19. (nav.) (of capstans) arm ; 20. 
(nav.) (of yards) braes. 

4. Le d'un avir(.i>, tie handle 'fan Mr. 6. Le 

seciiiier, secular power. 

l.os croiscs, o.'s arms folded ; icith 
o.'s s folded, across ; droit, 1. 1 right 
= ; 2. W(7/t*/(rt?i.rf (chief agent); cx- 
centriqiie, (macli.) eccentric rod ; side 
rod; petit , (geog.) armlet; des- 
sus (lessons, = > !;=. Systeino do , 
(tech.) set ofz=. A , 1. with =is ; 2. 
by strength of =s; 3. by hand ; 4. 
(coiiip.) hand; a ouverts || , tcith 
open =:; a pleins , by armfuls; a 
raceotirci, UHth might and main ; a 

tendu, ioith o.'s =: extended; h le- 

corps, 1. under o.''s=-\ 2. in o.'s =^s ; 
au bout des , at ="8 reach ; a la dis- 
tance des , at=.'s end, le^igth; ii force 
de , by strengt/i of =/ a tour de , 
zcith all o.'s might; sur les , 1. ii upon 
o.'s t=s , 2. upon o.'s hands ; upon 
one. Avoir les courts, to have short 
=^ ; to be short-armed ; avoir les 
longs, 1. I to liave long =s , 2. to have 
along=:; avoir les retrousses, to have 
o.'s shirt-sleeves tucked up; avoir les 

rornpus, to lui've o.'s =; ready to 
drop off; avoir sur les , 1. || (pers.) to 
liave upon o.'s =s; 2. (pers.) to have 
upon o.'s hands ; 8. (tli.) to hang up- 
on o.'s hand; couper et janibes h q. 
u. , 1. to reduce a. o.'s claims ; 2. to de- 
prive a. o. of his means of success ; 8. 
to amaze a. o. ; to astound a. o. ; etre 
dessus dessous, 1. 1 to 6e = in ^ , 2. ^ 
to be bosom friends ; faire les beaux , 
to give o.'s self airs; to assume affected 
manners ; faire les grands , to affect 
to iKtve pmcer ; se jeter dans, entre les 

(le q. u., to tlirow o.'s self into a o. * 
= , croiser les , to fold o.'s ^s ; de- 
mcurer les croises, 1. to stand, to eit 
with o.'s zzzs folded ; 2. to look, on ; 
donner le a, to give o.'s= to ; se don- 
ner le , to take hold of each other's =.; 
to go = in = ; offrir, tendre le a, to 
offer o.'s =; to; jirendre, saisir q. u. a 
-le-corps, 1. to take, to seize a. o. round 
the waist; 2. to close upon a. o. ; rete- 
nir le - de, a q. u., to hold back a. 
o.'s = ; rompre et .jambes a q. u. , to 
treat a.o. most severely ; tendre les a, 
vers, to hold out o.'s zz^sto; to ask, im- 
plore aid of; ne vivre que de ses , to 
live by o.'s ktbor, the labor of o.'s hatids; 
to work for a liviiig. 

BUASER [bra-z6] v. a. 1. to solder; 2. 
(with brass) to brazo. 

BRASIER [bra-2i] n. m. 1. fit-e of 
live-coal ; 2. brazier (coal-pan) ; 3. (i)ot) 

BRASILLEMENT [bra-zi-L-man*] n. m. 
(nav.) (of the sea) sparkling. 

BRASILLER [bra-zi-id*] v. a. (nav.) 
(of the sea) to sparkle. 

BRASQUE [bra-k] n. C (metal.) 
brasque; damp charcoal. 

BRASQUER [bras-ki] V. a (metal.) 
to cover tcith brasque, damp char- 

BRASSAGE fbra-ia-j] n. m. 1. stir- 
ring up; 2. raking and stirring; 8. 
mashing (beer) ; 4. brewing ; 5. (coin.) 

BRASSARD [bra..4r] n. m. brace (ar- 
mor for the arm) ; armlet. 

1?RASSE [bra-] n. 1. (measure) 
brace; brasse; 2. {way.) fathom. 

Pain de , large loaf (of about 25 

BRASS:feE [b-t] n. f. armful. 

A s, by =. 

BRASSER [bra-.] V. a 1. ,1 to stir up; 
2. II to r ike and stir; 8. (b. s.) to con- 
coct; tu plot; i. to mash (beer); 5. to 
brew (beer); C. (nav.) to brace. 

BiiASSE, E, pa. p. V. senses of Bkasser. 

Noil , ( V. senses) 1. ) unbrewed ; 
2. ii,ncon<;octed. 

BRASSERIE [br-.-ri] n. t brewery ; 

BRASS1.:U-R [bra-ie-!r] n. m. SE [eu-z] 
n. f hreicer. 

BRASS ICVAGE [hra-ti-ia-j] n. m. (nav.) 
(of yards) quarter. 

BRASSEYER [br-i4-i^] v. a. (nav.) to 
bruic. I 

BRAS51AGE [hro-.i-u-;] n. m. (nav.J 
\. ft'.thoming ; 2. deptit (ofwhter). 

BRASSIERES [Va-tii-r] n. f . 1 bram. 
(for women or eliildin); 2. pleading 
strings (con^traint). 

BRASS IN [br-m] n. m. 1. (brcw^ 
mash-tidi ; muHhing-tub ; maifi-lti/r.; 
2. (brew.) brewing (quantity brewed), 
8. (soap.) I/oiling. 

BRASURE [bra zu-r] n. f 1. solderiiiic 
(place soldered); 2. (with bresd) bras 

BRAVACIIE [bro-va sh] n. m. hector; 
T- IruUy. 

BRAVADE [bra-va-d] n. bravado. 

Par , in =; out of, by way of-=., 

BRAVE [bra-v] adj. 1. brave; valiant; 
gallant; courageous ; 2. (])ers.)/ton<'j</ 
good ; .3. (jiers.) kind ; good; 4. i fi7i6 
(well-dressed) ; smart. 

jusqu'au (K'gainer, brave till ii 
comes to the scratch; comme son 
ipde, as =z as a lion ; com me une 
noce 1, comme un jour de Paques, com- 
me un lapin, as fine as five-pence. 

BRAVE, n. m. 1. brave, valiant, 
gallant, courageoits man; 8, (pL) 
brave; valiant; courageous ; 2. l>ravi 
soldier ; 8. t (b. s.) bravo; ruffiar. 

Eaux , hector; -i- bully ; vieux , 
brave veteran. a liois poils, true 
blue; '{regular game; le veire en 
rwAin. 2>ot-v<iliant. En , bravely; va- 
liantly ; gallantly. Faire le , 1. to 
affect bravery, valor ; 2. to liectttr 
-r- to bull II. 

BRAVEMENT pra-v-min] adv. 1. 
bravely; valiantly; gallantly; ccu- 
rageou,sli/ ; 2. ^ ably ; well ; finely. 

BRAVER [br,i-vf] v. a. 1. to bra/v; a 
to set at defance; to set at naught; ^ 
to fill in the face of. 

lii'.AVERlE [b'ra-v-ri] n. t *[ finery. 

BRAVO [bra-^o] adv. bravo. 

BRAVO, n. 111. bravo. 

BRA VOL' RE [bra-vod-r] n. 1. brave- 
ry; valor; gallantry ; courage; 2. \\ 
(]il.) X acliievefinents ; e-j-jiloits. 

Air de , (iiius.) Iiravura. 

BR.WEU [bra-i.^] n. 111. (surg.) tnns. 

BRAVER, v. a. (nav.) to piay. 

BRAVETTE [bra-ii-t] n. f X.ijlap 
(of trowsers) ; 2. (bot.) common prUn- 

BR.'VVON [bra-ion] n. m. (liimt.) trn^i 
(for fetid animals). 

BRYANT, BRUANT [br-4n, bru.0 
n. m. (()rn.) 1. (genus) bunting ; 2. y<i- 
low hummer. 

coiiiinun, goldspink ; jaune, yel- 
low bunting ; yellow hammer. dcs 
hales, cirl-bunting ; de neige, siicnc- 
bird ; sncnc-bunting. 

BREBIS [brs-bi] n. f 1. (mam.) ew; 
slieep , 2. + (pei-s.) sheep ; 3. + , 

(igaree, -|- stray sheep ; galeusc, 
1. \ scabby z^; 2. '(pers.) black =; 
pleine, ea:e witli land). La du bon 
Dieu, a meek, inoffensive person. Fairfl 
un rejias de , to eat a dry meal. A. 
tonduo Dion mesure le vent, Go/i 
tempers Vie wind to tlie sliorn lamb. 

BRECIIE [hre-sli] n. 1. J break 
(>rcaking); 2. breach (injury); 8. | 
notch; 4. || gap; 5. 1 flaw; b. || hiatus; 
1. (mil.) breach. 

Action de battre en , (mil.) batter- 
ing ; battery. Battre en , to butter 
in breach ; battu en ( battered ; 
faire a, to make a breach in; ta 
break in upon ; se mettre sur la &> 
stand in tlie gap. 

BRi:CHE-DENT [br6-.h-dan] a(0., pi 
s, gap-toothed. 

BRfeCHE [bre-sh] n. (min.) breccia. 

BRECIIE'l [brf>-be] n. m. breaM, 

BREDI-BREDA [br6-di brsda] adv. 
lagr- hastily ; slap-dash. 

BREDINDIN [brf-dn-din] n. m. (nav.) 

BREIKHWLLE [brf lou-i*] n. (trick- 
track) lurch. 

BRKnOUIl.I.K.MENT [brC doai-m.ji*" 

n. m. 1. sjiutt^er (epeaking hastily); S 
j ibberivg: Jabber. 

i,i.l.l><)i;iLLER (!.f.4ou ic] V. u. u 



wjoute; eujen; ^< jeune; eu peur; an pan; in. pin: on bon; n bnin; *11 liq. 

*gn Uq. 

Jo sputter (speak hastily); 2. to jah- 

BEEDOUILLER, v. a to spiUter mit. 

BKEDOUILLEU-R [brs-dou-ieiir] n. 
in. SE, [eii-i*] n. 1. sputterer ; i. jab- 

Illi-EF, tVE [hrJif, J-v] a(\i 1. + /ior 
(of little duration); 2. quick; prompt; 
a. /tort (of little extent) ; 4. brief; con- 
fine; \ (gram.) xhort; (5. (mus.) sfu>rt. 

I'epin le , (liisL) Pepin t/ie Short 

BUFF [brif J adv. i sliort. 

FREF, n. in. 1. brief (pope's pastoral 
Ifucr) ; 2. ohartih-ccUenaur. 

BREGIN [bre-jin] n. m. (fish.) wiiaU 
m^Hli net. 

BlifiUAIGNE [br6-4-gn*] adj. (of ani- 
mals) barren ; sterile. 

BREIIAIGNE,n. i. -i- barren, sterile 

BRELAN [brs-ian] n. m. 1. brelan 
(game of cards); 2. gamitiff-liojise ; 8. 
(cards) tkree curdii oftliefswme. 

BRELANUER [br6-ian-d6] V. n. 1 (b. 
s.) to play carcln. 

.BRELANI>-IER [hn-lka-dii] n. m. 
lERE [ie-r] n. f. (b. s.) 1. card-player ; 
\L C'lmbler. 

IJRELLE p.r^-i] n. raft. 

BliELOQLiE [brs-lo-k] n. trinket. 

BRELOQUE, n. V. Beki.oque. 

BRELUUIIE [br6-lu-.h] n. (ind.) 
cotton and woollen drugget. 

BRi;.ME [bri-ni] n. (ich.) bream. 

"SfiME [br-mj p. n. Bremen. 

BRENEU-X, SE [br6-neu, eu-2] adj. 


BRfiSIL [brt-zil] n. m. Brazil; Bra- 

Bois de ^, = ; extrait de bois de , 
juice of=i. 

BE^SILIEIi, NE [br^-ii-U-in, e-n] adj. 

BRftSILIEN, p. n. m. NE, p. n. C 

BR:6S1LLER [br-zU^*] V. a. 1. fo 
\,reak small; 2. (dy.) to dye witk Bror 

BE^SILLET rbrd-zi-iJ] n. m. 1. Bra- 
I'il; Brazil-wood; 2. (bot.) ^ maiden- 

des Indes, 1. (bot) sapn ; snpa- 
Iree ; 2. sapa-wood. Noi.\ du , (bot) 

BRETAILLER [brt-ti-i6] v. n. (b. s.) 
UifiylU ; to tilt. 

BRET.\ILLEUR [brt-tA-ieur] n. lit 
(b. s.) fig liter. 

BRETAUDfi, E [br6-t0-d] adj. crop- 

Ubeval , crop ear. 

BKETAUDER [br.t6-d6] v. a. to crop 
badli/ (dogs, horses). 

BliETELLE [br6-t4-l] n. 1. brace- 
land ; strap ; 2. suspender (to hold np 
tlie pantaloons). 

En avoir jusqu"au.x s, par-dessus les 
s, to be over liead and ears in trou- 

liRETELLER [bre-U-i^], 

BRETTELER [brfe-tS-16], 

BRETTER [brete] V. a. (arch.) to in- 

BRETTE [brJ-t] n. 1 (jest) sword. 

BRETTEUR [bre-teur] n. m. *i (b. s.) 

BREU IL [brcui*] n. m. (forest) thicket, 

BREUVAGE [breu-va-j] n. m. 1. be'r>e^ 
rage; ^ drink; 2. * drauglU, (beve- 
^.ge) ; 3. (nav.) wine and water ; 4. 
; vet) drendi. 

Personne qui administre un , 

BRfeVE [brJ-vl n. 1. (gram.) shoH; 
itcrt syllable ; i. (mus.) breve. 

BREVET rbr6-ve1 n. m. \ yatent 

ittters patent; i. h revet ; -i. (of boolc- 
Kllers, printers) license; 4. (of otticers 
in the army or navy) cominixsion; 5. 
(ivimin.) warrant; 0. (a. & m.) patent 
(for invention, etc.) ; 7. (law) patenli- 

- d"apprentisage, ( V. Appke.ntis- 
JaOR; , d'impoitation, (&. &. m.) patent 
firr importation ; d invention, patent 
for inceittion ; de perfectionneiiient, 
luititU for iimprovement. A'ont poui 

les s d'invention, etc., patent-agent ; 
auteut dune notification do demande 
future d'un d'invention, (law) cavea- 
tee; description, specification de , sp^- 
cificationofapatent; droitde , copy- 
right (for tlie arts and manufactures) ; 
notification de demande future de , 
(law) caA;eat ; privilege du , patent- 
right ; reglstre de s, (d'invention, etc.), 
patent-rolls. A , 1. brevet; 2. with 
.1. patent. I'rendre nn , (a. & m.) to 
take out a patent; violer le privilege 
d'un , to infringe a patent. Lo droit 
de est cteint, expire, the copy-right 
has expired, is out 

BREVETi; [bre-v-t*] n. m. E, n. (a. 
& in.) patentee. 

BREVETER [hr&-y.ti] v. a. 1. to pa- 
tent; to gratit a patent to; 2. to license 
(booksellers, printers). 

Faire , to =. 

BRJilVIAIRE [br-vU-r"l n. m. Irevi- 

BRI<;VIT [br6-vi-t6] >. . ,f syllables) 

BRIBE [br-b] n. f 1. J^~ 1 hunk (of 
bread); 2. II s, (pi.) leavings (of me:il.s); 
3. II s, (pi.) cold victual' 4. scrajj ; 
odd end. 

BRIC-A-BP.C [brik-a-brak] n. m. old 


Marchand de , dealer in =. 

BRICK [brik] n. m. (nav.) brig. 

BRIOOLE [bri-ko-1] p. 1. (of harness) 
breast-collar; 2. straps (for carrying 
sedan-chairs or litters); -3. (billiard.-^, 
tennis) back-stroke ; bricolle ; 4. back- 
stroke; 5. s (pi.) toils (for taking deer). 

Coup de , (billiards, tennis) back- 
stroke. De , par , indirectly ; by 
indirect m^ans. 

BRICOLER [bri-ko-l] V. n. (billiards, 
tennis) to hit a back-stroke; to hit a 

BRICOLIER [bri-ko-iu] n. m. off- 

BRIDE [bri-d] n. t. bridle; 2. bridle- 
rein ; 3. loop (button-hole) ; 4. (of bon- 
nets, women's caps) string ; 5. (of lace) 
junction-thread ; 0. (needle-work) 
stitches (to strengthen an opening, slit) ; 
7. (surg.) /l^Ktm , 8. strap; 9. (tech.) 
stay; 10. (tech.) curbing ; fl<inge. 

sans bridon, single-curb bridle. 
Main, poing de la , (man.) =z-hand ; 
rene de la . =.-rei%,. A abattue, a 
touto , 1 it full speed, career ; whip 
and spur ; 2. | (b. s.) headlong ; 3. 
eagerly ; 4. unreservedly ; sans , 
unreined. Conduire a la , to rein ; 
c-jurir a abattue, a toute , to ride, 
to ru7ifull speed, career ; lAcher la a, 
1. (man.) to give the head, reikis to (a 
hoi-se) ; 2. to let loose (...); to give a 
loose to ; to give way to ; 3. to give (a. 
o.) t/ie reins; to give (a. o.) rope; pous- 
scr ii toute , (man.) to put to his 
fastest paces ; tenir la eourte, haute, 
serrce a, tenir en , to hold a tight rein 
over ; to keep a tight hand over : tour- 
ner , to ivheel ahoiit. 

BRIDER [bri-d] V. a. 1. to bridle; 2. 
(nav.) to span. 

BRIDOLE [bri-do-l] n. (nav.) icring 

BRIDON [bri-don] n. Di. snaffle-bridle. 

Rene de . bridoon-rein. Mettre un 
a, to snaffle. 

BRIDURE [bri-du-r] n. (nav.) cross- 
turns ; seizing. 

BRIE [bri] n. rolling-pin. 

BR-IEF, lEVE [bri-4f, 6-v] adj. t (cf 
descriptions, narrations) short; brief. 

BRIER [iiri-6] v. a. to roll (paste). 

BRli;VH:.MEyT [bi i-v-man] adv. 

BRifeVETl!; [bri-4-v-t] n. f. 1. brevity; 
shortness ; 2. (gram.) shortness ; 3. (mus.) 

BRIG [brifr] n. m. (nav.) brig. 

BRIG.VDE [bri-ga-d] n. (mil.) bri- 
gade ; 2. (of workmen) gang. 

Chef de , (of \for\i.mci\) foreman of 
(' gang ; foreman ; colonel commandant 
une , brigadier, fttre le avec, to 
be In the same brigade with , former ?n 
, en s, to brigade. 

BRIGADIER [brx^if] a ui. 1 (mil.) 

I corporal (of cavalry); 2. (nav.) boW' 

man ; strokesi.ian. 
I BRIGAND [bri-gan] n. m. 1. Ij rcbher ; 
I ruffian ; brigand ; bandit ; 2. $ ri bbor ; 
1 ptii/r.dcrer ; thief. 

Acte de , ruffianly act. De - > r-'j/^ 
flan ; ruffianly : ruffianlike. 

BRIGANDAGE [bii-gan-dn-j] E n.. 1. 

I vobbei-y ; 2. \ robbery ; ruffian- j ad ; 
?. robbery ; plunder. 

Exercer des b, to commit a aeriof oj' 

BRIGANDEAU [bri-gan d6] a m. (i.( 
agents, lawyers) rogue ; knave. 

BRIGANDER [bri-gan-d6] V. n. T to 
plunder ; to rob. 

BRIGANDINE [bri-gan din] n. f bri- 
ga^uline (coat of mail). 

BRIGANTIN Lbri-gan-tin] n. m. (nov.) 

BRIGANTINE [bri-gau d-nj n. (nav.) 
brigantine sail. 

BRIGNOLE [bri-gnoL*] n. (bot) 
French plum. 

BRIGUE [brig] n. t. 1. intrigue; 2. 
c((bal ; faction. 

BRIGUER [bri-ghi] V. a. 1. (b. 6.) to 
endea vor to obtain by intrigue ; 2. (g. s. ) 
to solicit ; to sue for ; 8. (g. s.) to can 
THSs for. 

BRIGUEUR [bri-gl.eur] n. m. % 1. soli- 
citor (person that solicits); 2. canvua- 

BRILLAMMENT fbri-ia-man*] adv. 1. 
J brightly ; 2. 1 briUiantly / 3. || 

BRILLANT, E [bri-In, t*] adj. 1. \ I 
bright ; 2. || ^ brilliant ; .3. || shining '; 
4. 11 glittertng ; 5. (arts) bright. 

comme le soleil, sun-bright ; sun- 
shiny. Devenir , || ( V. senses) to bur- 
nish ; rendre (de), ( K senses) to bur 
nish (with). 

BRILLANT [bri in,.*] n. m. 1. 1 hriff^xl 
ness ; 2. || brilliancy ; 3. il glittor ; 4 
brilliant (diamond). 

Fau.x , 1. IfaUe, imitaiioK brUlU fit; 

2. ti7isel. 

BRILLANTER [bri ian-td*] V. b 1. 
(lap.) to cut into a brilliant; 2 /< 

Brili.ante, e, pa. p. 1. (lap.) cut Into 
a brilliant ; 2. florid. 

BRILLER [bri-id*] V. n. 1. || S to b 
bright ; 2. || 8 to brighten ; 3. || to b 
brilliant ,' 4. f to shine ; 5. to excel . 6. 

II to glitter; 7. || to glare; 8. (b. s.) to 

d'un vif 6clat, 1. to blaze; 2. to 
glare. Faire , 1. il (de) to brig/den 
(icith) ; 2. to blaze ; to blazoii ; to 
blazon forth. 

BRI.MBALE [brin-ba-1] n. (liydr.) (of 
pumps) handle ; brake. 

BRIMBALER [brin-ba-ld] v. a. ^ (b. s.) 
to ring (bells) ; to ring away. 

BRI.MBORION [brin-bo-ri-6n] n. m. 1 
bawhle ; gewg<no ; knick-knack. 

BRIN [brin] n. m. 1. || (of grass) Wa(/o ,- 
spire ; 2. t (of plants) slip ; sprig ; spray; 

3. I bit (of a. til. long and slender) ; 4. | 
bit ; morsel ; 5. bit ; jot ; iota ; ^ whit; 
6. (a. & m.) staple. 

I^eau d'homme, de femme, tall and 
well-made man, tcoman. a , L 
blade by blade ; 2. bit by bit. A , (a. 
& m.) stapled ; a court, (a. & m.) 
short-stapled , a long, (a. & m.) lonu' 
stapled ; de, en , (of wood) tmh&tmi. 
II n'y en a , Uiere is not a bit, -nun^ 
se.l of it. 

BRINDE [brin-d] n. C t 1 -.callh-, 

fitre dans les s, to be vntcxlyzfufl^ 
^ tipsy, ^ drunk. 

BBINDILLE [brin-di-i*] n. (of |>lai>ttf 
sprig ; ttoig ; spray. 

BRINGUEBALE fbr'n-g ba-l] u. I 
(nav.) (of pumjis) hanale ; brake. 

BRIOCHE [] n. f. 1. 5 brhJA. 
(cake) ; 2. J^^" inistake ; blunder. 

BRION [bri-on] n. m. (bot) tree-nunp. 

BRIQUE [bri-lj n. L brick; 2. (o. 
soap) brick ; .3. (oi tin) brick. 

Tchaatane, ft re-brick ; vernise^e 
glazed rr; de secoiide qualite, stocM 
s pour la cuisson, damp of^=^ ; clamj , 
de couleur de , 1. =:-"oli>r ; 2. (mc<L) 





amal; cimale; efee; ^ftve; efSte; ^je; tU; tile; omol; 6 mole; dvaort; usac; I'laHae; OMJcai; 

Uit<Tiiious ; plein de s, hricky. Con- 
Ktraction en s, (art) -^'laying ; eclat, 
tnnrc^au de , =z-bat ; fabrication 
de B, =z-makin(/ ; four a s, =^-kiln ; 
tnafon en s, ^-luijer ; poussiCre de s, 
zzi-dust; tiis de s (lisposces pour la 
cnlsson, clamp ; terre a s, ^-earth. 
B&tir do s, to brick ; to build iciih =: ; 
biiti en s, =.-huilt; cuire des s, to 
bake, to burn =s , forme de s, 
1-vicky ; formed ofz=^ ; niurer de 8, to 
L rick up. 

BRIQUET [bri-ki] n. in. 1. xteel i^fov 
htrikiiig a light); 2. tinder-box ; 3. short 
tabre (in use in the Fr&nch infantry) ; 

phosphorique, phosphorous box ; 
puenniatique, h air, fire-syringe. 
Hierrp I'l , flint. Battre le , to strike 
fire, a light. 

BKIQUETAGE [bri-k-ta-j] n. m. (mas.) 
1. brick-v)ork ; 'I. imitation brick- 

BKIQUET:^, E [brik-t] adj. 1. in imi- 
tation brick-work ; 2. brick-colored ; 3. 
(iiiecL) lateritious. 

BKIQUETEK [brik-w] v. a. to brick ; 
t) imitate in brick-work. 

3RIQUETEKIE [bri-k-t-ri] n. f. 1. 
brick-making ; 2. brick-wor-ks. 

BKIQUETEUK [bri-k-teur] n. m. brick- 

litat de , brick-laying. 

BKIQUETIEll [brUk-tie] n. m. brick- 

BUIS [bris] n. m. (law) 1. breakiiig 
open (of doors, seals); 2. breach (of 
prison with violence) ; 3. wreck (part of 
t!ie vessel wrecked). 

BliiSANT [bri-zfin] n. ni. 1. breaker 
(rock) ; 2. breaker (wave) ; 8. (engin.) 

BKISC.\MBILLE [bri.-kan-bi-i*J n. 
V. Bkusql'emhii.le. 

BKISE [bii-z] n. f. 1. breeze; 2. (nav.) 
breose; 3. (nav.) turn. 

carabinee, (nav.) stiff gale. Folic 
, fiurry ; petite , light breeze. 
lu larj.'c, de iner, 1. sea = ; 2. (nav.) sea- 
iTvese, turn, wind; de nuit, (nav.) 
lund-^oind, turn ; de terre, 1. land- 
breeze ; 2. (nav.) land-breeze, icind, 
tu,rn ; de terre de nuit, land-turn. 
De la , of tlie breeze ; ** breezy ; par 
la . by the breeze ; ** breezy, liafrai- 
clii par la , refreahed by the breeze ; 
* breezi/. 

BltlSlS, E [bri.zf] adj. 1. II broken; 2. 
(pers.) bowed down ; 3. (pers.) ovei'- 
fatigued; 4. (ai-ts) folding ; 5. (her.) 
arise ; rompu. 

BKISE-COU [bri-z-kou] n. m., pi. , 1. 
breakneck (jjlace); 2. (man.) rough 

BKIS6E [hn-zi] n. (tech.) (of pari- 
6ol8, uinbrellas, etc.) fan-joint. 

BKIS6ES [bn-z&]n. t (pi.) 1. bougJis 
it off; 2. (hunt.) boughs broken off, 
e'rewed on tlie road ; 3. % foot-steps ;^ 

Aller, courir sur les de q. u., suivro 
.ea s de q. u., to tread on a. o.'s heels ; 
to walk in a. o.' shoes ; reprcndre ses 
s, revenir sur ses s , to retrace o.'fl 

BRISE-EAU [bri-z6] n. in. pi. , (of 
fiuibors) break-water. 

iJKlSE-GLACE [bri-z-gla-s] n. m. pi. 
. (engin.) 1. ice-breaker ; breaker ; 2. 
((if bridges) starling. 

Bateau , (cngin.) ice-boat. 

BRISE-LAMK [bri-z-la-m] n. m., pi. 
-), (of harbors) t/reak-wuter. 

BRFSE.MENT [bri-i-mftnl n. m. 1 f 
breaking (cf waves); 2. breaking (of 
'I'le heart) ; 8 f- contrition (of heart). 

BEIsK-PlERRK [bri-z-pi6-r] n. m., pi 
, (eure.) lithoclast. 

BP-'iSEi [bri-z] v. a. 1. 1 (en, into) to 
U'c-ak (io jiicces) ; to break to pieces ; 2. 
I Ci shatter ; 8. |( to shiver ; 4. ^ || to 
wr.{/i ; 5. II to break open; 6. || to stave 
in ; 1. %to break (inji'.re extremely); to 
break down; 8. to break, (afflict); 9. 
to 'jow (a. o.) down; 10. to make (a. 
o.)feef tender, sore all over. 

I. jn vnrre, ilct uu, jn terre, t' break glaiu 
'itnt V, till 'jroumt. 6. uuo [Htr.Ct 'Ji ^ncbet, U 


b'-eak open a door, a iitat. 1. la volont^, to brchK 
the will. 8. le -CBiir i \. u., tu bruuk o. u.'s heart. 

litre bris6, ( V. ienses) (pers.) to feel 
tender, we all over. en niorccaux, 
en pieces 5, 1. to break to pieces; 2. to 
shatter; 3. to shiver; 4. to smash; to 
smash to pinces ; 5. to dash ; to dash to 

[liKmRR must net be confounded with caster or 

>'""/"'] _ 

Brisk, e, p&. p. V. senses of Beiser. 

Non , ( r. senses) 1. || unbroken ; 
2. unshuttered. 

Se uriser, pr. v. 1. I io break (to 
pieces) ; to break to pieces ; 2. || to shat- 
ter ; 3. II 1 to smash ; 4. || to break 
(burst) ; 5. to break (sustain great in- 
jury); to break down; 6. to break 
(be alBicted) ; T. (arts) to fold ; 8. (phys.) 
to be refracted. 

Qni se brise, qui fct 'risent, ( V. senses) 

BRISER, V. n. 1. 1 (of the sea) to 
break ; 2. || (of ships) to split ; .3. (pers.) 
to break off. i. (avec, with) (pers.) to 

4. avec q. u., to break leitA a. o. 

Brisons a, UVdessus yW 1 let us say 
no more about it ! no more of that ! 

BUISE-RAISON rbri-z-re-z,,..] n. m. ^, 
jd. , wrong-headed per.-ion,felUnf. 

]?)trc un , to ie a = ; to he wrong- 

BRISE-TOUT [bri-z-tou] n. in., ^ pi. 
, person that breaks every thing. 

t'Axe un , to break every thing. 

BlilSEUR [bri-zeur] n. m. 1. J breaker 
(person that breaks things); 2. breaker 
((jf imasres). 

BKISEUSE [bri-zeu-z] n. 1. X break- 
er (of tilings); 2. (a. &, m.) breaker; 

BRISE-VENT [bri-z-van] n. m., pi. , 
(agr., gard.) screen. 

BRISIS [bri-zis] n. m. (arch.) angle 
formed at the junction of the curb and 

BRISOIR [bri-zoar] n. m. (a & m.) 
brake (instrument for breaking hemp, 

BRISQUE [bria-k] n. 1. brisque 
(game at cards) ; 2. trump (in playing 

BRISURE [bri-zu-r] n. 1. part bro- 
ken ; j)lace broken ; 2. (arts) fold ; 8. 
(her.) rebatement. 

BRITANNIQUE [bri-tan ni-k] adj. 
British ; English. 

Les ties s, tlie British Isles ; sa Ma- 
jesto , 1. His Britannic Majesty (the 
king of England) : 2. Ifer Britannic Ma- 
jesty (the queen of England). 

BROC [bro, ** brok] n. m. 1. jug ; 2. 
jug (contents) ; jug full ; 8. t spit. 

De brie et de H, by hook or by 
crook ; de en bouche, liot from the 

The phrase de bric kt dk broc is liere pro- 
nounced [de-bri-kiS-d6-brok.] 

BROCANTAOE [bro kiin-ta-j] n. m. 
broker''^ business (dealing in second- 
liand goods). 

BROCANTER [bro-kan-t] v. n. to be a 
broker ; to deal in second-hand goods. 

BROCANTEU-R [bro-kan-teiir] n. m. 
SE [eii-z] n. broker (dealer in second- 
hand goods). 

BROCARD [bro-kar] n. m. taunt; 
biting, offensive jeer ; scoff. 

BROCARDEli [bro-kar-d] V. 8. to 

tatmt; to jeer offensively ; to scoff at. 
BROCARDEU-R [bro-kar-deur| n. m. 

SE [eu-z] n. taunter ; offensive jeerer ; 

BROOART [bro-kir] n. m. brocade. 

De , o/^ ; brocaded. Vetu de , 
^rocaded : dressed in ==. 

BROCATELLK [brcka-tii-l] n. 1. 
brocatel; brocatello ; 2. (miii.) broca- 
tel ; brocatello. 

BROOIIAGI': [bro-iha-j] n. m. (book.) 

BROCIIE [bro-.b] n. 1. />itf (kitchen 
utensil); 2. needle (for knitting); 3. (of 
casks) spigot ; 4. (of locks) gudgeon ; 6. 
8 (|)1.) (of wild boars) tusks ; 6. (spin ) 
^pindU ; 1. (teclL) /;', Iron-pin. 

d'arret, steadying^ pin. i\ trlc> 
ter, knittiim -needle. A la , o?i, ujiar, 
tlie spit. Mcttre une a, (Wch.) to pin 
Eaire un tour de , to get very neat 
the fire. Mettro a la , to put upcn tne. 

BR0Cn:6, E [hro-8h6] adj. 1. (of testUf 
iixhrKi) figured ; 2. (of linen) ernbosii.'i 
3. (books.) stitched. 

BROCIi:^E, n. i. jm7d uptm if, 
spit ; 2. (of candles) rod full. 

BROCIIER, V. a. 1. to' figure (teiH: 
fabrics) ; 2. to emhoss (linen) ; 8 iv stU A 
(books) ; 4. to dispatch ; to h\, rry ; tc 
hurry over, through; 5. (far.t tu /u>t 
"icith a shoeing-haiwiner. 

BROCIIET [bro-shL] n. m. (icn.; 1 
pike ; luce ; 2. jack. 

Jenne , 1. young pike, luce ; 2. jack; 
carreau, very large = ; volant 1 
"t/hig fish. 

BROCIIETER [brc-sh-td] v. a. (culin.) 
to skewer. 

BROCIIETON [bro-sh-ton] n. m. (ich.) 
pickerel; small pike; luce. 

BROCIIETTE [bro-shj-t] n. 1. skew- 
er ; 2. (culin.) brochette (mefci broiled, 
roa.sted on skewers) ; 3. (tech.) pin. 

Clever a la , 1. 1| to bring up (a bird) 
by hand ; 2. to bring up (a child) too 

BROOHEU-R [bro-.heur] n. m. SE 
[eu-z] n. (books.) stitclier. 

BKOCIKJIR [bro-shoar] n. m. (far.) 

BROCHURE [bro-shii-r] n. 1. (books.) 
stitching (action); 2. pamphlet. 

Anteur de .s, pamphleteer. ;fccriic 
des s, to write pampldets ; to pah*- 

BROCOLI [bro-ko-li] n. m. (hot.) broo 
coli ; borecole. 

BR0D6, E [bro-df] adj. 1. mxhr.M\ 
ed; 2. (needl.) ?c6>/*^:^v/. ' 

a jour, open-icorkcd. 
BRODEQUIN [bro-dk.n] r m 1. \ \ 

buskin; 2. sock (of the ancients'); C. l 
sock ; cmnedy ; 4. i| hoot (half bo-jt wci' 
principally by women and children); 
s (pi.) II hoot (instruiiieiit of tjrtme). 

a boutons, lioot to button; dVi- 
fant, child's hoot ; de feinine, lady'H 
hoot. En , 1. tiuskined ; 2. in boots. 

BRODER [bro-de] V. a. 1. || (with gold, 
silver, .silk) to end/roider ; 2. ^ to f>tn~ 
bellish (exaggerate); to amplify; & 
(needl.) to work. 

h jour, (needl.) to cut. Laire a 
creioel; machine a , embroidering- 
ma of line. 

BRODERIE [bro-d-ri] n. 1. (wit! 
gold, silver, silk) embroidery ; 2.^%e^n 
bellishinent; amplification ; 3. (needl.) 
work. , 

an crochet, (needl.) cJiain-stitch. 
BRODEL'R [bro-deiir] n. m. 1. (with 

gold, silver, silk) embroiderer (man) 
2. [ embelli-ther. 

de dentt'lles, lace-runner ; en 
inousseline, muslin-scorer. Autant pour 
le ! tlie tale is emhellished 1 

BRODEUSE [bro deu-z] n. 1. (with 
gold, silver, silk) embroiderer {y^mnasi) 
2. embellisher ; 8. (needl.) work-wo 

de dentelles, lace-runner ; en 
mousseline, miislin-setcer. 

BRODOIR [bro-doar] n. ui. bobbin (fir 

BROGUES [bro-g] II. pl. brogues. 

BROIE [broaj n. brake (for flax or 

man] n. in. 1. pounding; 2. grindtiuj 
(by pestles, the teetii) ; 8. (of eolor.^j 
grinding ; 4. (of tlax, hemp) lireaking : 
5. (did.) pulverization; 6. (snrg.) pul 
verization ; 7. (tech.) crushing. 

BROME [bro-m] n. m. (choni.) bronu.. 

BRONCIIADE [brsn-ehu-d] n. {x. 
animals) stumble. 

BRONCHE [bran sh] n. (anut.) \rin 
chial tube. 

8 (pl.) (anat.) hronchia. 

BRONCHER rbt6..-,ht| v. n. 1. J (ol 
animals) to stumble ; 2. 11 (pers.) to atxmi 
ble : to trip; 8. S to err; to Ao Krtr.inj 
fiiisJi : IW" t^ ii ip. 




twijoflto; etijeu; jeilio; eitpear; an pan; In pin ; onbon; tJnbrtin; Ulio. ; gn liq. 

Fali'c , 1. l to make stumble ; 2. to 
trij'). Personne qui bronclie, stum- 

BRONCIIIES [bron-Bhi] n. f. V. Bkan- 


BEONCIIIQUE [br6n-.hi k] adj. (anat.) 
bronchial; hronchic. 

BRONCIIITK [bron-.hi-t] n. m. (rned.) 

BRONCHOCf:LE [bron-kouM] n. m. 
(n\ed) hronahocele ; goitre; ^ Derby- 

" BUONCilOTOMIE [br5n-ko-to-:n!] n. f. 
(^!ir2.) bronnhotomt/. 

BItONZE [broii-z] n. ni. 1. | bronze; 2. 
g i)on (insensibility); steel; flint; 
etone: 3. (arcli., nuinisin.) bronze. 

BRONZE, E [broii-j^] adj. 1. 1 bronzed; 
2. (of the comple.xion) sun-burnt. 

BRONZER [bion-ze] V. a. 1. B to bronze ; 
2. to tan (tlie complexion) ; 3. to dye 

Bronze, e, pa. p. ( F. senses of Bron- 
ker) dusky. 

BEOQUART [bro-kar] n. m. (liunt.) 
brocket; brock. 

BROQUETTE [bro-k^-t] n. C 1. Un- 
tack ; tack ; 2. tin-tacks ; tacks. [bro-w-i*] n. f. pi. V. 

BROSSE [bro-] n. f. 1. b>-ush; 2. 
(jiaint.) brusli. 

douce, sofi = ; forte. scratch-z= ; 
rude, hard =. a barbe, shaving- 
= ; a dents, toot/t-^\ a friction, 
jiesh-=:i ; a nettoyer les habits, clothss- 
= ; u nettoyer la tfite, a tcte, lutir- 
=r ; b. souliers, pour la cliaussure, 
shoe-=:. Coinme une , brushy ; en , 

1. like a =: ; 2. (did.) =^-shaped. Donner 
nji coup de a, 1. to strike with a = ; 

2. to brush up ; enlever avec une , to 
brush aicuy, of; Otre d'une belle , 
(;>alnt.) to be well painted. 

BUOSST^^E [bro 6l n. f. t brushing. 

BROSSE R [bro b.-] V. a. 1. to brush; 2. 
t: rub icith aflenh-brusli ; to rub. 

I'lTtcnne qui brosse, br usher. 

3~ GROSSER, pr. V 1. to brush o.'s self 
rc.'tj clothes); 2. t, rub o.'s self with a 

BROSSER, V. n. (dans, . . .) to sroiir. 

BROSSERIE [bro-b-ri] n. f. 1. brash- 
nafcing ; 2. brush-trade; 3. brush- 

BROSSIER [ hto-M ] n. m. hrush- 

BROU [broti] n. m. 1. (of almonds) 
aheU ; 2. (of walnuts) peel. 

BR0U6E [brou-i] n. mist. 

BROUET [brou-e] n. in. 1. caudle ; 2. 
black broth. 

noir, (of the Spartans) black broth, 
BROUETTE [brou-^-t] n. f. 1. w/ieel- 

barrow ; barrow ; 2. " broiiette ," " vi/it- 
aigrette " (two- wheeled chaise drawn by 
V. man). 

litre condamn6 h la , to 7)e con- 
demned to hard labor; transporter en 
, to carry, to convey, to take in a bar- 
rMv, w/ieei-barrow ; to wheel in a 7>ar- 

BROUETTER [broa-i-t] v. a. 1. to 
wheel in a barro^v ; l-w~ to wlieel ; to 
carry, to convey, to take in a barrcno, 
wheel-barrow ; 2. to draw in a brouette, 

BROUETTEUE [ brou-J-teiir ] n. m. 
man that draws a brouette. 

BROUETTIER [brou-6-ti6] n. m. bar- 

iJROUHAHA. [brou-a-] n. m. T iiji- 
Mir . hubbub ; hurly-burly. 

BROUILLAMINI "[ brou-i'a-mi-ni* ] n. 

fo. 1, ^ confusion; disorder; 2. aisa- 

BROUILEARD [brwi-iar*] n. m. 1. 
foo ; mJst; 2. mist; 3. (book-k.) 

De , foggy ; misty. Couviir de s, 
'> /<j(7 , faire du , to be foggy, misty. 

BEOUILLARD, adj. for blotting. 

Papier , blotting-paper. 

BROU ILL AS [broo-ia*] n. m. \fog. 

CEOUILLASSER [brou-iH-.*] v. imp 

'' BKOUILLK lbroa-i*j n. C disagree-; foiling out; piqua ; ^W mifT 

BROITIELEMENT [i.rou-i-man*] n. m. 
1. 1 miiit/Uti// ; 2. jumbling. 

BKOb'lLLER [biou-i*] V. a. 1. i to 
mingle (confusedly); to mix up; 2. to 
put out of order ; to disarrange; to 
derange; 3. || (b. s.) to jumble; 4. to 
embroil; to perplex; to confuse; 6. 
to embroil (a. o.) ; to set at variimce; ^ 
to make misddef between ; '^fW to set 
together by the ears. 

'pAre brouille, to have disagreed, quar- 
relled, ; to be at variance, If at logger- 
heads ; E^" to be by the ears ; ctre 
brouillo avoc le bon sens, to wattt com- 
mon sense ; to be unreasonable. du 
papier, to waste paper (write useless 
or foolish things). les gens, to make 
mischief. Action de les gens, mis- 
chief-making ; pereonrie qui aime i 
les gens, mischief-maker. 

Se brouiller, pr. v. 1. to become, ^ to 
get embroiled ; 2. (pers.) to disagree ; 
to quarrel; to be at variwixce ; ^ to fall 
out; 3. to become. ^ to get confused, 
embarrassed, perplexed. 

Le temps se brouille, the sky begins to 
be overcast, is getting overcast. 

BROUILLER, v. n. t to blunder. 

BROUILLERIE [brou-i-ri*] n. f. *i dis- 
agreement ; *( falling out; state nfva- 

BROUILLON, NE [brou-idn, o-..*] adj. 

Papier , (com.) ca.^ting paper. Par 
esprit , blunderingly. 

BROUILLON, n. m. NE, n. f (pers.) 
blunderhead ; mar-all; mnr-^plot. 

BROUILLON [brou-ion*] n. m. 1. 
I'otigh draught ; draught ; 2. rough , 
copy ; 3. (book-k.) waste-book. 

Nouveau , redraft. Faire un jiouveau 
, to redraw. 

BROUIE [brou-ir] V. a. (of the sun) to 

Buoui, E, pa. p. bliglited. 

Non , unblighted. 

BROUISSURE [bmi-i-.u-r] n. f. blight 
(of buds, flowers, frnit). 

BROUSSAILLES [brou-i-i*] n. f. (i)l.) 

Fagot de , chatwood. 

BIIOUSSIN [brou-sin] n. !n. excres- 
cence (of certain trees). 

BR(^UT [brou] n. m. browse ; browse- 

BROUTANT, [brou-tan, I] adj. (hunt.) 

BROUTER [brou-td] V. a. tohro^cse; 
to browse on ; to crop. 

BROUTER, V. n. to brmcse. 

BROUTILLES [brou-ti-i*] n. f (pi.) 1. 
II small branche.i (for fagots); 2. 
knick-knacks ; knick-knackery. 

BltOYER [broa-id] V. a. 1. to pound; 

2. to grind (by a pestle, the teeth, &c.) ; 

3. to grind (colors) ; 4. to break (flax, 
hemp) ; 5. (did.) to pulverize ; 6. (surg.) 
to pulverize ; 7. (tech.) to crush. 

fin, to grind doicn ; menu, 1. to 
pound S7nall; 2. to grind small. 
dans la bouche, to craunnh. Machine i\ 
, (tech.) crushing-machine ; crush- 
ing mill. 

BROYEUR [broa-ieur] n. m. 1. pound- 
er ; 2. grinder (by the pestle) ; 3. grind- 
er (of colors) ; 4. breaker (of fiax, hemp) ; 
5. (tech.) crusher. 

BROTON [broa-ion] n. m. t (print) 

BRU [bru] n. f. daughter-in-law. 

BRUANT [bru-an] n. m. V. Breant. 

BRUCELLE [bn.-s4-l] n. f 1. (bot) 
brown icort ; 2. s, (pi.) (tech.) tweezers. 

BRUONON [bru-gno..*] n. ra. (bot.) 
nectarine; sinooth peach; clingstone 
smooth peach. 

BRUINE [bru-i-n] n. f. drizzling rain. 

De -^, drizzly. 

BRITINER [bru-i-n] V. imp. to drizzle. 

BRt;iNER, \. a, X to spoU by the 
Irizzling rain,. 

IB lurNKK is usd in tlip pa. p. only.] 

BRUIRE [hn.-i-r] V. n. irr. & def. 
(bkuyant; ind. pres. il bruit; imperf. 
IL bruyait) 1. to rustle; 2. to roar ; 3. 
to ratUe ; 4 (of the wind) to whistle. 

[Bruirk is used only in tho inf., pr. p., and iu 
the 3d pere. ind. prci. and imperf.] 

BRIIISSEMENT [bn-i-t-man] ii id. 1. 
rustling; 2. rattling; 8. roarVtij ; i 
(of the wind) whistle; 5. (med.) Tv,}ls<. 
(in o.'s ears). 

calairo, {mcd.^ p^irring tremor; ^ 
thrill ; cats pur. 

BuLMT, ind. pros. Sd sing, of BRUtRB. 

BRUIT [brui] n. m. l.'ll mowfi,- 1'. J (sedition); disturbance; 3, \ 
noise ; quarrelling ; quarrel ; 4. rf^ 
port ; ru mor ; 5. fame ; reiioicn ; I 
(of bells) ^^W ding-dong ; 7. (of coatb 
cs) rattling; rattle; 8. (of confliscti 
noises) din; 9. (of great noises) roar; 
10. (of a succession of lond, resounding 
noises) peal; 11. (of sharp and quick 
noises) rattle; 12. (by the collision of 
metallic or sonorous bodies) clatter ; 13 
(of the wings of birds) rcldrring. 

8. Le de la Riierre, the din nf icar. 10. Un - 
dw canon on de t inierre, a pt-nt of ennn'm or of 
t/iunder. H. Le dea laiiiboiirs, :>u! rattle of 
drums. 1*2. Le des assieltes et d''*8 plats, ih* . 
clatter of p'.atm iind dixhes. 

6tourdissant, 1. deafening, jtvn- 
ning noi.'ie: 2. din; grand , 1. great = ; 

2. obstreperousness ; public, convmmi 
report; sourd, 1. hollow =i; 2. rwm- 
lling =r ; 3. ** chide. en lair, idU 
rumor afloat. Un qui court, a currenX 
report ; a rumor abroad. s du coenr, 
(med.) soicnds of the heart. Auteu' 
d'un , author of a report, rumorci 
A gi'and , with pomp, ostentation , 
ostentatiously; a i)etit , 1. pri- 
vately ; 2. unostentatiously ; avec , 1. 
II with = ; 2. II aloud ; 3. ontentatious- 
ly ; sans , 1. || noiseless; 2. II softly ; 

3. unostentatiously. Faire du , i. | 
to make if ==; 2. [ to make a fuss; 

S. (of coaches) to rattle; 4. (of sharp and 
quick noises) to rattle; 5. (by the col- 
lision of metallic or sonorous bodies) fo 
clatter; 6. (of the wings of bird;") to 
lo/iir ; faire un beau , to make a grcit 
noise, ^flne noise (to .scold); faire un 
sourd, to rumble ; faire coiirir un , r6- 
pandre un . .seiner un , to rumcr; Sc 
noise ; ropandre le que, to spread Cu 
report (that); to gire end (that); ro- 
pandre un an loin, to noise abror.d: 
ri'iiaiidre Ji petit . to buzz abroad, ti 
court un (que), le court (qi'e), it 'Vs 
reported, rumored (that): thtre is a re- 
port current, abroad (that); le s<- 
riipaiidait sourdoinent, it was darkly 
rumored. Beaucoup de pour rlen, 
much ado about notMng ; plus de 
que de besogne, more noise than work 

BRULABLE [bru-la-bl] adj. % that k 
to be burned. 

BRULANT, E [bru-lan, t] adj. 1. I 
burning ; ^ burning hot ; glmcing ; 
fervid ; 2. || scorching ; 3. II (of liquid-) 
scalding; 4. % ardent; fervid; fer- 
vent; t burning ; 5. gloiving. 

4. Un zMe , an ardent^ fervid, fervent zed. 5. 
Un styli' , a glowing sttjle. 

BRtjLfi [bru-l] n. m. burning (to 
the taste or smell). 

Avoir un gout de , to luive a tast<) 
as if it icere burnt; sentir le , to smeU 
of burning. 

BRtJLE-GUEULE [bru-l-gh6u-l] n. in. 
1^", pi. . short pipe. 

BRULEMENT [bru-1-man] n. Ul. J 

pour-poin] adv. 1. | (of shooting) with o.'s 
gun, pistol close up ; 2. to o.'s face 
in o.'s teeth ; 3. unreservedly ; -i. (ol 
arguments, roa.sons) irrefutable ; ^ Vuct 
comes liome ; ^ /tome. 

BRtJLER [bru-U] V. a. 1. 1 to burn ; k, 

I to burn up; 3. || to parch; to j arrJx 
up ; 4. II to scorch ; to scorch up ; 5. || (i J 
hot liquids) to scald; 6. I to sear (U' 
burn the surface of) ; 7. to swelter ; S. 

II (b. s.) to blast ; to consume: 9. fti 
blow out (a. o.'s brains); 10. (dist.) 6; 

(coi.- amer), 1. to burn away ; 2. 
(par I'incertdie) to burn down; 3. (ex- 
piilser par le feu) to ^jum out. ou- 
tierement, to burn up. de fond ea 
comble, to Inirndoicnto the ground; 
de I'eiicens devant q. u., to adu'.ai/. 
a. o. ; to flatter a. o. exceasvcel/y. 




a Dial; (ims'ile; ^fce; ^ffeve; efBte; #je; ill; iile; omol; omole; 6 mort; wsnc; usHre; omJoft; 

Brule, b, pa. p. ( K senses of Brulee) 
(if liquors) burnt. 

N<in , ( V. senses) 1. unhumed; 2. 
uiuicordud. fitre bru'.e, ( V. senses) to 
hum lip ; par le soleil, sun-hurnt ; 

Sb bruler, pr. V. 11. to hum o.'s self: 
'i. to parcit, ; 3. to scorch ; 4. to ncaUl 
c.'s- xelf (witL hot liquids); 5. to be 
^ ired. 

FR'^LEK, V. n. 1. 1 to btirn; 1. 1 to 
fr on fire ; 8. J to parch ; to parch up ; 
<, J to scorch ; to fcorch up ; 5. 1 (de, 
Kith) to burn (to be very warm) ; 6. 
(nE, with) to burn; to be inflamed 
(with passion) ; 7. (c/, to) to long ; to 
he ardent, eager, impatient; to burn 
uiith the desire ; 8. (play) to burn. 

5. Lea iitains lui lirit'ent, /lis ftamia burn; de 
K*vri-, ('. Iiurii ici/A J'trer. 6. <ie col(5re, (-. bum 
iritk tiKff^r. 1. <le voir q. u., tu long, to hv eiignr, 
impatient tn see a. o. 

bien. 1. to bum well; 2. to = up; 
fort, to = brixkly; vite, to = 
away; encore. t(i^=stiU; to be un- 
ea'tinguished ; avec Haiiiinc, 1. to = 
with aflame; 1. (clieiii.) to deflagrate. 
Briilant sans tlaiinne, (of coal) I/Hud ; 
dose burning. Qui ne Ijrule pas, 1. 
that does not =; 2. unhurning. 

BRCtLEKIE [brii-iril n. f. 1. + burn- 
ing ; 2. % brandy-distillerp. 

BRtlLE-TOUT [bril-l-tou] n. m. pL , 

BRC'LEUK [brii-ieiir] n. m. burner 
(of liouses); incendiary. 

Ux) de iiiaisons, an incendiary. 
II est fait coniine I'.n de maisons, /le 
looks like a blackguard, rascal. 

BEtlLOT [bru-16] n. m. 1. (nav.)/r- 
fhip; 2. (pers.) incendiary ; fire- 
brand ; 3. (til.) thing higldy seasoned. 

a vapeur, steaiu fire-ship. 
BRCILUKE [bril-iu-r] n. f 1. burn; 2. 

by a l:ot li(iui(l) ncald ; 3. (agr.) blast. 

Sans , 1. unburn^d ; 2. un^corched. 

BRU:JA1RE [bni-m4-r] n. m. Bru- 
uaire (second uiontli of tlie calendar of 
lie first Frencli republic, from 25 Octo- 
K-t to 21 November). 

BRl MAL, E [bru-mal] adj. i brumal; 

Fetes e.s. (Rom. ant) brumalia. 

BRUME [bru-m] n. f. mist (at sea); 

BRUMEU-X, SE [bru-meu, u-i] adj. 
mixty ;, foggy. 

BRUN, E [brfin, n-r] adj. 1. 1 bvoiDn ; 
2. I (pers.) icith brown hair ; 3. J (of the 
cotnile.\ioti) dark ; 4. 1 dusk, (in the 
evening): 5. gtomny ; nieianc/u>ly ; 

Couleur e, brownness. Etre , 
(pers.) 1o be dark ; faire , to get dusk 
(in the evi-niii;:). 

BRUN [bniu] n. in. 1. brown (color); 
2. (item.) a dark man, lioy. 

chi'itain. clwxtn iit^^; clair, light 
r= ; demi- . icliitixh = ; foncc. dark 
= ; dmi ; diin-rol.ored. Tirer snr le , 
to \iorder, to verge on = ; ti rer snr le 
fonci!'. to be dunniili. 

BRUNATRK [brunA-ir] adj. brwc7iish. 

BRUNE [bru.ii] n. f. 1. dusk of the 
Koening ; dusk ; 2. (pers.) brnnette. 

A, sur la , in tlie dusk of the even- 
ing ,'. at dunk. 

BRUNELLE [bro-ni-l] n. C (bot) 
(genus) self-lietd. 

BRUNET, TE [bru-ni, t] adj. 1. brotcn- 
ish ; 2. (of the oomplexion) someichat 

r.ltUNETTE [bru-nj-t] n. f. 1. brunette; 
9 * !<fve-song; 3. (bot) 1 self-1itil; 4. 
ifiTn.)p'gmy curlew. 

"RXjUI [bru-ni] n. m. (tcch.) bum- 

BRUNIR [bru-nir] V. a. 1 1. to brown; 
'I. to dar'r en Cthe comiile.xion) ; 3. (t< ch.) 
to burv.isX 

Brini. e, pa. p. ( r. Benses of BRnuiE) 
\ dusky. 

Sk hi:i NIK, pr. v. I 1. to get broton; 2. 
lof the ci inpli-.\ion) to get dark. 

BKUNIR, V. n. II I. to (let brown; 2. 
lof the coinple.xton) to get dark. 

BK r N ISS AGE [bru >- j] n. m. (tech.) 

BRUNISSEU-R [bru-ni-seiir] n. m. SE 
[eii-z] n. t. burnisher (person). 

BRUNISSOIR [bru-ni-Boar] n. m. (tech.) 
burnisher (tool). 

BRUNISSURE [bru-ni-.n-r] n. f. I. (dy.) 
brotcning ; 2. (tech.) burnim; 3. (tech.) 
(art) bumis/iiiig. 

BRUSC [brusk] n. m. (bot) knee-lwlly. 

BRUSQUE [brua.k] adj. 1. (th.) abmpt; 
sudden ; une^rpected ; 2. sluirp ; blunt; 
3. gruff. 

BRUSQUEMBILI.E [bni.-kan-bi-i*] n. 
f '' hrtisqnemhille^' (came of cards). 

BRUSQUEMENT [bn,..k*-mAn] adv. 1. 
alirnptly ; midderdy ; un^crpectedly ; 2. 
shnrplii ; bluntly ; -3. gruffly. 

BRLfSQlTER [bruB-k^] V a. 1. to be 
abrupt uitli; 2. to be sharp, hlunttcith 
(a. ().): "[ to snap (a. o.) up ; 3. to do (a, 
til.) briskly. 

une place de gmerre, to make a sud- 
den, vigorous attack on a place. 

BRUSQUERIE [bru.-k6-ri] n. f. 1. 
abruptness; stiddenness ; unexpected- 
ness ; 2. sharpness ; bluntness ; 3. gruff- 

BRUT, E [bnit, t] adj. 1. J rate; un- 
u-rought; 2. rougJi; unpolis/ied ; 3. 
(]iers.) unpolished ; rude ; 4. brtdi-sh 
(deprived of rea.son) ; 5. brute (inor- 
ganic) ; 6. (of ground) uncxdtivated ; 7. 
(of stones) rough; 8. (of sngar) brown; 
9. (a. & m.) raw ; unwrought ; 10. (com.) 
gross (weight, &c.) ; 11. (fin.) gross; 12. 
(metal.) coarse. 

BRUT [brut] adv. (com.) gross. 

BRUTAL, E [bru-tal] adj. 1. bridal; 
hrutis/i,; 2. irwtoi (rough, uncivilized); 
brut^ ; 3. sturdy. 

BRUTAL, n. m. bride (rough, unci- 
vilized person). 

BRUTALKMENT [bru-ta-l-man] adv. 

1. brutally ; brutisldy ; 2. tirutally (vio- 
lently, roughly): 3. stiirdily. 

Trailer , to treat bridaUy. 

BRUTALISER [bru-ta-li-z] v. a. to 
treat lirutallti. 

BRUTALlTft [bru-ta-li-tf] n. f 1. bru- 
tality; brutishness ; 2. brutality (vio- 
lence) ; 8. bndal passion ; 4. brutal 
thing (action, word) : 5. sturdiness. 

BRUTE [bru-t] i\.tl% brute. 

De , brutisli. Caractere de la , 
brtttishness. Comme la , en , bru- 

BRUXELLOIS, E [bni-.e-ion, z] adj. of 

BRUXELLOIS, p n. m. E, p. n. 
ncdive of Brussels. 

Brityait, Ind. Imperf. 3d sing, of 

BRUTAMMENT [bm-ia-man] adv. 1. 
noisily ; 2. obstreperously ; 3. clamo- 

Tros- , very noiily, obstrepe- 

Bruyant, pres. p. of Brvire. 

BRUYANT. E [bni-ian, t] adj. 1. noisy; 

2. obstreperous ; 3. clamorous 4. blus- 

BRUYtRE [brui-ie-r] n. f 1. (bot) 
heatli ; lieatlier ; 2. Iieatli (jilace). 
Coq de , (orn.) V. Coq. 
BRYON fbri-on] n. in. (bot) tree-moss. 
BRYONE [bri-o-n] n. f. (bot) bryony. 

blanche, =. 

Bn, E, pa. p. of Boire. 

BUANDERIE [bu-in-d-ri] n. f. 1. laun- 
dry ; waxh.-/iouse. 

BUAND-IER [bu-an-dif] n. m. liiRE 
[i-r] n. f. 1. launderer ; laundress ; 
washerman; washer-woman; 2. (a. & 
m.) bleacher. 

BUBALE [bubal] n. m. (mam.) bu- 

BUBE [bn-b] 11. t. pimple. 

BUBON [bti-bnl n. m. (med.) tjubo. 

BUBONOCi:LE [] n. m. 
(med.) bubonocele. 

BUCARDE [bu-kar-d] n. m. (conch.) 1. 
(genus) cockle ; 1. (siiecies) lieart-shell. 

comestible, cockle. 

BUCCAL, E [bu-kai] adj. (anat) buc- 

BUCCIN [buk-itn] n. m. (conch.) 
(genus) wlielk ; crumpet-shell. 

BUCCIN.\TEUR [buk-.i-na..eiir] n. m. 

(anat) buccinator. 

BUCENTAURE [bu -On-tfs-r] n. m. Bv- 

BUCiPIIALE [hu-.#-fa-l] n. m. Buce- 
phalus (.\le.\ander"s horse). 

BCCHE [bu..h] n. f. 1. I log of woo<l ; 
log ; billet; 2. 1 stock (piece of wood) ; & 
H piece (of wood or coal); 4. (l-ers.) 
stock (a stupid person) : blockliead ; Uxj 

A perdue, (of wood) loose , not in f 

BOCIIER [bu-.h] n. m. 1. wood shed, 
wood-house ; wood-lwle; % ftiueralpila, 
pile ; stake. 

Moiiter sur le , to mount thf, pile ; 
mourir sur le , to die, to perish at tlu 

BCCHER, v. a. 1. (ship-build.) to 
rough-lietv ; 2. to destroy (for the pur- 
pose of replacing). 

BCCHERON [bu-8h-r6n] n. m. wood- 
cutter; woodman. 

BtCIlETTE [bu-.hJ-t] li. f. 1. stick(ct 
dry wootl) ; 2. stick (small). 

BUCOLIQUE [bu-ko-li-k] adj. (liter.) 

BUCOLIQUE, n. C (liter.) bucolic 

BUCOLIQUE, n. m. (liter.) hv^oUe 

BUDGET [bud-je] n. m. 1. (admin.) 
budget; 2. budget {r6cc\\>Xs ande.xn<'n- 

Pri'senter le , (pari.) to open the ^^ 

BU1<:E rbu.] n. f. t v. Lessive. 

BUFFET [bu-ft] n. m. 1. clipboard; 
2. buffet; 8. side-board ; 4. service (of 
plate, etc.); 5. (of organs) case. 

mobile, rising cupboard. 
BUFFLE [bu-fl] n. m. 1. (mam.) buf- 
falo ; 2. (sliin) buff. 

Peau de , buff. De , de peau de y 

BUFFLETERIE [bu-fl-t-ri] n. (mil) 
shoxdder-lielts : cross-belts. 

BUFFLETIN [bu-fl-tin] n. m. ( nms.] 
young buffalo. 

BUGLE [bu-gl] n. (bot) Uigl>\ 

Petite rampante 1, middh oon 


BUGLOSE [bu-gl4-z] n. (bot) bu 
gloss; ox-tongue. 

tinctoriale, dyer''g bugloss. 
BUGRANE [bu-gra n] n. (bot) rr^J- 


BUIS [bui] n. m. (bot) 1. box; boen- 
tree ; 2. box ; box-tcood. 

piquant, (bot) butcher''s broot/t, 
De , boxen. 

BUISSAIE [bui-J] n. f. plantation qf 
box. box-treejt. 

BUISSON [bni-ion] n. m. 1. bush; 2. 

ATdLfnUL-^- burning; 1. (bot) 
evergreen thorn ; epineux, tliorn-=. 
Battre le , to heat tlie = ; trouver 
creux, 1. (hunt) to have lost tlie game; 
2. to find the bird fiown ; se sauver A 
travers les s , to back out of U{i. di- 

BUISSONNEE [bui-o-n] v. n. (bot)K) 

BUISSONNEU-X, SE [bui-.o-neii. en-.] 
adj. bushy. 

Etat , bushiness. 

BUISSONN-IER, liiRE [bui--ni, 
iA-r] adj. (of rabbits) bush. 

Faire I'ecole buissonniire, to play tru- 

BULBE [bulb] n. m. (anat) bulb. 

BULBE, n. m. (bot) 1. bulb ; 2. (of 
orchises) cnllion. 

BULBEU-X, SE [bulbed, eu .] adj. 
(di<l.) bulfious. 

BULBIFi:RE [bul-bi-ft-r] adj. (bot) 

BULBIFORME [bul-bi-for-m] adj. (bot ) 

BULGARE [bul-go-r] adj. & p. n. ir. f. 

BULLA I RE [bu-U-rl n. m. buUary 
(collection of popi-s' bulls). 

BULLE [bu-l] n. f 1. bubble; 2. (Rom. 
ant) bulla; 3. (med.) bulla; bubble, 
blister; 4. (metal.) bead. 

BULLE, n. 1. bull (popo'.s); 2. ('>t(ttl 

d"or, golden bull. 




oil joftte ; u jeu ; eu jeCine ; ei. peur ; an pan ; Xn \Ax\ ; on bon ; un brun ; *11 liq. ; *gn liq. 

BULLE, adj. (of paper) xchUy-hrotcn. 
BULLft, ?: [i.u-l(5] adj. 1. ^ authentic; 

1. by bull (pope's). 

BULLETLN [bu-l-tii.] n. in. 1. ticket 
(to certify a. tli.) ; 2. bulletin (official re- 
j/jit) 3. rote (at oloctions) ; 4. (mil.) bul- 

BGNIuM [bu-ni-oni] n. m. (bot.) (gc- 
iing) KOrih-iuU; piff-nut. ' 

BUPUTHALMi; [buf-uU-ra] n. in (bot) 

BUrilTlIALMIE [buf-tal-mi] n. 
(i!;e<l.) bupldliitlmus. 

BUPLfeVUE [bu-plA..vrl n m. (bot) 
hare'H eur. 

a foiiilles roiulcs, thorough-uax. 
BUPKESTE [bu-prts-t] 11. uu (ent) 

buprestee; *i bum-coic. 

BUliALISTE [bu-ra-iu-t] n. m. office- 

BURAT [bu-m] n. tn. druffffet. 

BUKE [bu-r] 11. f. \.drug<jet; 2. (luin 
Ing) fhafi. 

BlIUEAU [bu-r] n. 111. 1. \icriting- 
table ; denk ; bureau; 2. J office; 3. 
(of public assemblies in France) bureati 
(coiiiniittee); 4. (of pul)lic assemblies in 
France) bureau (president, vice-presi- 
dents and secretaries) ; 6. (of public as- 
geiiiblies in France) seat of t/ie bureau. 

Petit , ( V. senses) (post) receiving- 
hmixe ; restant, to be left at the coach 
office ; to be left at the coach office till 
c<tUe<l for. d'arroudisseinent. (post) 
branch pout-office ; dcs finances, 
treanunj-office. de tabac, tobacco- 
niist'H shop. Air, vent du , aspect 
of affairs, things ; cbef do , (adm.) 
second clerk ; garfon do , porter. 
Deposer sur Ic , (l>arl.) to lay upon the 
ttible; etrc ilefposo sur Ic , (pari.) to lie 
upon the table; payer a ouvert, 
(com.) to pay on, detnand ; prendre 
Tair ilii , to see Iww tlt^ land lies ; to 
ije which way the wind blows. Les 
X jont ouverts depuis . . . heiire jusqu'il 
... buure, the offices are open from . . . 
to . .. o'clock ; office-hours from .. . to 
. . . ; 'air dii est . . ., affairs, things 
liiue :t .. . aspect. 

BlIIEAUCRATE [bn-rt-krn-t] n. m. 
Cf'. p.) bweaiicrat (clerk in a public 

BUUEAUCRATIE [ba-rft-knul] n. C 
bureaucracy (iuHuenco of clerks in pub- 
lic ofticc-s). 

BURETTE [bu-r6-t] n. f. 1. can; 2. 
cruet ; 3. vase (for tlie wine or water for 

BU ItGANDINE [bur-gim-ain] n. C bur- 
gan mother of pearl. 

BUi:GAU'[bur-g6] n. m. (inol.) bur- 
eau; ^ burgau mother of pearl oyster. 

BURGRAVE [bur-gm-v] n. m. Bur- 

BURGRAVIAT [bur-gro-vU] n. m. 

BUKIN [bu-iin] n. 111. 1. graver (tool); 

2. %pen; 3. 1 manner of engraving. 

2. Le d'l I'histoire, t^e pen of higlory. 

Au , avec lo , ri-iilt, Vie graver. 
Avoir le -..., to engrave. 

BURINER [hu-ri-1.4] V. a. 1. to en- 
grave; i. to write beautifully ; toiorite 
like copper-plate. 

BURLESQUE [bur-lJs-k] adj. 1. bur- 
lesqxie ; 2. (of verses) doggerel. 

V'ers s, doggerel. Rcndre , to bur- 

BURLESQUE, n. m. burlesque. 
^ I'ersonnc qui fait dn , burlesquer. 
Faire du de. to be a burlesquer of. 

BURL?:SQUE.MENT [bur-li.-ks-min] 
>ulv. in a burlesque mantier. 

BURSAL, E [bur-siil] adj. concerning 
He raisers of an eictraordiyiary tax. 

JJcs, ind. pret 1st 2d sing, of Boire. 

BUSARD [bu-zar] n. m. (orn.) buz- 
utrd ; harrier. 

liarpaye, dcs marais, marsh ?iar- 
^er ; Saint-Martin, hen =. 

BUSC [busk] n. in. 1. busk (for stays); 
2. (engin.) (of locks of canals) mitre; 

BUSE [bii-i] n. f. 1. (orn.) buzzard; 
harrier ; 2. (pers.) blockhead ; dunce ; 
dunder-ficad; 3. (tech.) ?2o^jfe (of bel- 


bondrec, (orn.) honey buzzard ; 
pattiie (orn.) rough-legged =. 

BU6QUER [bus-k] v. A. 1. to put a 
busk in (a. tli.) ; 2. to make (a. o.) tcear 
a busk. 

Sk nusQiTEK, pr. v. to wear a busk. 

BUSQU lERE [bus-kij-r] n. f. t place 
for a busk. 

BussE, snbj. inipcrf. 1st sing, of Boire. 

BUSSEROLE [bu-sS-ro-I] n. f. (bot) 
it/va ursi ; ^ bear's grape. 

BUSTE [bus t] n. m. 1. bust; 2. bust; 
Iiead and shoulders. 

En , {ot iiorVr&\V&) half-length. 

BUT [bu] n. in. 1. || butt; aim; mark ; 
2. II (of a race) goal; 3. aim; end; 
object; 4. % purpose; vieio ; intent; 5. 
(howls) jack ; C. (law) intent. 

aiToto, jfa-^t/, set purpose; par- 
ticulier, private end. de tir, butt; 
aim; end. i;trangcr au , foreign to 
the purpose; a , 1. (play) uithout 
odds; 2. (of e.xclianges) even-handed; 
dans le de, for tlie purpose of; with 
a vieio to; to the end to; with the in- 
tent of; dans le inemc , to the same 
purpose, end ; dans un uiau\ais , 
uith bud intent ; dans un utile, 1. 
tcith a vietc to utility ; 2. to some pur- 
pose ; dans quel '( to xchat purpose t 
with what vieicf to what intent t de 
en blanc, 1. II point-blank ; 2. ab- 
ruptly ; 3. bluntly ; sans , 1. 1 aim- 
less; 2. to no purpose. Allcr au , 

1. (iiers.) to come to the point; 2. (th.) 
to be to the point ; aniver au 1 , to 
reach tlie goal ; atteindre, pai-venir b. 
son , to attiiin o.'s end ; frapper au 
B, to hit the butt, mark; frapper, toucher 
au 6, to hit it ; manquor le , to de- 
feat the purpose; tnanquer son , 1. 1 
to miss o.'s aim ; 2. %to defeat o.'s pur- 
pose; reinplir un , to answer, to serve 
a purpose. 

[But i% pronounced htiU at the end of a phragc, 
or before a vowel or a silent A.] 

S:m. BcT, vuK, DESSEIN. The hut is more 
fixed J it is where one wishes to go. The vues nre 
more vogue ; tbey consist in what one wislies to 
procure. The deasein is more steady ; it im what 
one wishes to execute. One te propose (proposes 
to kinuelf) a iu( (an tnd); one a (has) vues 
(views) ; one forme (forms) a dessein (design). 
The true Cliristian has no other bat than Heaven ; 
no other vue than to please God ; no other dessein 
than to insure his own salvation. 

But, ind. pret 3d sing, of Boire. 

But, subj. iinperf. 3d sing. 

BUTANT [bu-tAn] V. Arc-boutant. 

BUTE [hut] n. {. (far.) butteris. 

BUTfiE [bu-t] n. (arch.) abutment- 

BUTER [but*] V. n. t 1 to 7iit the 

BUTER, V. a. 1. ([\otV) to earth up ; 

2. (mas.) to b^ittress ; to prop. 

Se Buter, pr. V. 1. (a, on) to be de- 
termined, bent (on a. th.); 2. (contre, 
. . .) to oppose each other. 

BUTIN [bu-tin] n. m. booty; spoil. 

Faire du , to get =. 

BUTINER [bu-ti-ni] V. n. 1. to get 
booti/, spoil : 2. ** to pilfer. 

BUTINER, V. a. ** to pUfer. 

BUTOIB [bu-tour] n. m. currier's 

BUTOME [bu-to-m] n. m. (bot) flow- 
ering rush ; water-gladiole. 

BUTOR [bu-tor] n. m. 1. (orn.) bittern ; 

2. (pers.) booby ; blockhead ; dolt ; 

BUTORDE [bn-tord] n. booby (wo- 
man) ; blockhead; dolt. 

BUTTE [bu-t] n. 1. [ kiioll; rising 
ground ; 2. rising ground of a butt ; 

3. (in Paris) hiU (of Montmartre, Chau- 
mont, &.C.) 

litre en h ^, to be exposed to ; met- 
trc en tl , to expose to ; se mettre 
en a , to expose o.'s self to. 

BUTTfiE [bu-t6] n. (arch.) abut- 

BUTTER [bu-t4] V. a. (iiort) to earth 

BUTTEPv, V. n. (of horses) to sttim- 
ble (in consequence of the unevenness 
of the gi'onnd). 

BUTYREU-X, SE [bu-ti-re5, eii-z] adj. 
(did.) butyrous; butterj; 

BUTTRIQUE [bu-ti-ri-k] adj. (cliem, 

BUYABLE [lu-va-bl] aAy^drinkabU 

BuvAis, ind. imperf Ist sing. o 

BuvANT, pros. p. 

BUVANT, E [bu van, t] adj i dri.u\ 

Blen et bien mangeant, eidng .jtj) 
drinking hearti'y. 

BUVARD [bi..var] n. m. blctH'.g- 

BUVETIER [bu-v-ti6] n. m. tavern 
keeper (adjoinir.g courts of law). 

BUVEl'TE [bu-vM] n. f 1. bi^ (gsr- 
ment) ; 2. refreshment-room. 

BUVEUR [bu-veiir] n. m. 1. drirJcrr; 
2. (b. s.) drinker; toper. 

Fort , hard drinker; gi-and , 
g7'eatz::^; carouser; club de a, drink- 
ing -club ; d"eau, u:ater--=. (man). 

BUVEUSE [bu-veu-z] n. drinker 
(woman that drinks water). 

d'eau, icater-drinker (womfji). 

Buvoxs, ind. pres. & impera. 1st pL 
of Boire. 

BUVOTTER [bu-vo-t^] V. n. 1. to sip ; 
2. (b. s.) to bib. 

BYSSE [bi-s] n. m. (ant) 

BYSSUS [bi-sus] n. m. 1. (ant) by- 
sus ; 2. (bot) byssus. 

BYZANTIN, E [bi-zan-tin, in] udj. & n. 
m. Byzantine; Byzantian. 


C [s^, ss] n. m. (third letter of the al- 
phabet) c. 

C, contraction of Ce, used before a 
vowel or a silent h. ( V. Ce.) 

QA [sa] adv. t here. 

et la, 1. here and there; 2. up :''xi 
down; 3. to and fro. Qui qui '3, 
some here and some there; soma i/w 
way^and some anotlier. 

CA, int. so 1 come 1 

CA, pr. (contraction of Cela) thai. 

Comme , 1. like that; so; 2. (iw- ) 
right so I 

CAB ALE [ka-ba-l] n. 1. cabril; % 
cabala; cabal. 

Ilomme de , cabaUer ; science d 
, cdbalism. Faire une , des a, to 
cabal; monter une , to get tip a ca- 

Si/n. Cabale, complot, conspiration, conju- 
ration. A cabale is the intrigue of a party oi 
faction, formed in order, by secret practices, t 
turn the natural course of events to its own ad- 
vantage ; the prevailing idea of the word is thai 
of assembling a number, and manoeuvring under- 
Imndedly with address. A f^-npiot is the clandea 
tine union of twoor more ^cisona for the purpose of 
overthrowing or destroying, by some blow as effi- 
cacious as unexpected, that which stands in theii 
way, or is an object of en\-y or odium. A conspi- 
ration is the association of a greater number of 
persons, to bring about some serious clinnge, often- 
er in public atlairs than in private, oftener for th* 
worse than the lietter. A conjuration is more im- 
portant and dangerous than a conspiration ; it con- 
templates a revolution, a fundamental change la 
public affairs. 

CABALER [kaba-U] V. n. to cabal. 
CABALEUR [ka-ba-ieiir] ji. m. cabal 

CABALISTE [ka-ba-lis-t] n. m. cabal 

En , cabalistically. 

CABALISTIQUE [ka-ba-Us-U-k] a^J 

CABANE [ka-ba-n] n. 1. cottagc ; 
**cot; ** cottage-home ; 2. liovel ; hvi , 

PeupI6 de s, ** cottaged. 

S^n. CaBANK, HUITK, CHAUMI^RB. ITllU . prt, 

sents no other idea than that of shelter from tt" 
inclemency of the weather. Cabane ii.ipN i 
wretchedness, misery. It is in the c/taunv-rx 
alone that we are to look for contentment, hajp;- 
neas- We say the cabane (hovel) of the destitute 
the htitte (hut) of the savage ; the chaumiere, (cc4- 
lage, cot) of the laborer. 

CAB.ANKK [ka-ba-n] V. a. 1. to wt- 
vert; ^ to turn upside down; 2. (fA 
boats) to turn keel upwards (on shore). 

Se cabaner, pr. v. to build, erect huU 
(fbr shelter). 

CABANER, V. n. 1. to live in a hut 
?iuts; 2. (nav.) (of boats) to upset. 





a mal ; u male ; e fee ; e to ve A fJte ; ^ je ; i il ; iile ; o inol ; o mAle ; o uiorl ; m sue ; u sure ; a? joBJ ; 

OABANON [ka-bii-non] n. in. dun- 
ift\t (of certain prisons). 

CABARET [ka-ba-ri>] n. rn. 1. puUie- 
house ; {^W tap-house ; j^F" po*- 
to(se ; 2. ale-Jioiise ; 3. tea-board ; 4. 
tea equipage; tea-service ; tea-set; ^ 
li(t things; 5. se< (j/ coffee-cups; 6. 
(bi t.) asarwn. 

borgne, 1. hedge pot-house ; 2. 
Mige ale-house. a the, tea-equi- 
Vitge ; tea-service ; tea-set ; ^ tea- 
Jiiiigs. Bouchon de , ale-stake; di- 
nar de , ahop-lwuse dinner ; garjon 
de , tavern-drawer ; pot-boy ; pilier 
de , tavern-huunter ; tavern-man ; 
pot-man ; ale-knight ; salon de , tap- 

S;/n, Cabakkt, tavkrnk, AUiiiiGK, h6tklle- 
RiE^ An tabanl isan establiithiueiit wliere liqu frs 
fcre bjM al retiiil tu all who cull for them, whether 
to carrv away, or to drink on the sp t. A taverne 
is a caoaret trequented by those who drink to ex- 
cess, wlio give themselves up to intemperance. 
All auberge is an eating-house at whicli regular 
aieals can be procured. Ad Itotellerie it an inn, a 
liotel, where travellers are lodged as well as 

CABAEET-IER [ ] n. m. 
ll^BE [i{!-r] n. f. tavern-keeper ; pub- 

Diner chez le , to dine at a chop- 
house., an eating-house. 

CABAS [k.i-ba] n. 111. 1. basket (flat) ; 
2. work-bag; 3. (for figs) mat; (b. s.) 
wicker-work carriage. 

CABASSET [ka-ba-s4] n. m. t helmet 

CABilLIAU [k8-b-U-6] n. m. t (fch.) 


CABESTAN [ka-bes-tan] n. m. 1. (nav.) 
capstan ; 2. (tech.) whim ; portative, 
hanJ-^wincK ; windlass. 

volant, (nav.) crab. Armer le , 
to man the =^. 

CABILLAUD [ka-bii5*] n. m. (Ich.) 
1 (species) cod; cod-fish; 2. ^ (genus) 

CABINE [io-bl-n] n. f. (com. nav.) 

CABINET [ka-bi-n^] n. m. 1. 1 closet 
(i^rlvate room); 2. 1 room; 8. {study 
i(ii)oni for studjinfi); 4 \ cabinet {room 
jjr keeping things of value; collection of 
inch things); 5.\cabinet (piece of furni- 
ture) ; 6. practice (of a professional 
gentleman) ; 7. cabinet (government) ; 
8. (of gardens) summer-lwuse ; 9. (of at- 
torneys, barristers, and notaries) office ; 
10. (of judges) chamber; 11. (of libra- 
ries) alcove. 

2. de lecture, rarfiw^-room ; de toilette, 
dressing-room. 3. Passer tout sm temps dans son 
, to spend o.^s whole time in o.'s study. 

noir, dark closet ; particulier, 
I. private room; 2. (of taverns, coffee- 
houses) box ; d'affaires, d'aisance, de 
le<!ture, de toilette, etc. ( V. Affaire, 
etc.) ; d'otude, de travail, study. Af- 
faires de , (of a lawyer) chamher- 
practice ; honime de , studious man. 
he , (V. senses) of study; studious. 
Enfermer dans un , to closet (a. o.) ; 
prendre dans un (pour conferer), to 
closet (a. 0.). 

CABLE [ka-bl] n. m. (nav.) cable. 

Grand, maitre , sheet =. cliatne, 
e7iain-=z\ do remorque, tow-rope. 
Rout do , 1. cable-end; 2. junk; lon- 
gueur de , ='s length. Attach6 avec 
on , cabled ; non attache avec un , 
uncflbled ; commis en , = -laid. Filer 
da , 1. to give more = ; to pay 
iway, to veer more =; 2. to gain 

iikKL% E [ki-bU] adj. (arch.) cabled. 

OABLI!;, n. m. cord (thick). 

OABLEAU, cAbLOT fkA-blA, bio] 
u. m. (nav.) boat-rope ; cablet ; paint- 
er ; leaip. 

C Abler [vi-bu] v..a to ake a ca- 

CABLl AU [k8-bU-6] n. va. V. Cabil- 

CABLOT [kA bio] n. m. F. Cableau. 

CABOCHE [ka-bo-sh] n. f. 1. 1 (b. 9.) 
Tvoddle ; pate ; sconce ; 2. (g. B.) Jiead- 

A... , qui a nne.., , ...paU'l. 


fitre unc bonne , to have a good head- 

CABOCIION [ka-bo-shon] n. m. polish- 
ed, uncut stone. 

CABOCHON, adj. (of luhiea) polis/ied 
but uncut. 

CABOSSE [ka-bo-s] n. f. (hot) cacao- 

CABOT [ka-bo] n. m. (ich.) buU-liead. 

CABOTAGE [ka-bo-ta-j] n. m. (com, 
nav.) 1. coasting ; 2. coasmig-trade. 

Grand , coasting from headland to 
headland; petit , =: dose to the 
shore ; navigation de , coasting voy- 
age ; verificateur de , coast-waiter. 

CABOTEK [ka-bo-tfi] v. n. (covi. nav.) 
to coast. 

CABOTEUR [ka-bo-teur] n. m. (com. 
nav.) coaster (sailor). 

CABOTIER [ka-bo-ti6] n. m. (com. 
nav.) coaster; coasti^ig-ship, vessel. 

CABOTIN [ka-bo-tin] n. m. E [in] 
n. f (b. s). strolling player. 

CABRER (SE) [s-ka-br] pr. v. 1. (of 
horses) to rear ; to prance ; 2. (pers.) 
to fly into a vassion; to put o.'s self 
into a passion. 

Clieval qui se cabre, prancer. Faire 
q. u., to put a. o. into a 2>assio7i. 

CABRER [ka-br^] V. a. to put into a 

CA BRI [ka-bri] n. m. kid. 

CABRIOLE [ka-bri-o-ij n. f. 1. caper 
(leap) ; 2. (danc.) capriole ; 3. (man.) ca- 

Faire une , to cut a caper ; to ca- 

CABRIOLER [ka-bri-o-le] V. n. to 

CABRIOLET [ka-bri-oli] n. m. 1. 
gig; 2. (for hire) cabriolet; cab. 

bourgeois, de maitre, gig. de 
place, cabriolet ; ^ cab ; h pompe, 
curricle ; de remise, job =. Place 
de s, .itand of cabriolets, cabs. 

CABRIOLEUR [ka-bri-o-leur] n. m. 

CABRON [ka-bron] n. m. kiffs skin. 

CABU8 [ka-bu] adj. m. (of cabbages) 

CACA [ka-ka] n. m. -r- cack. 

Faire , -f- to caek. 

CACADE [ka-ka-d] n. f. -r- I. II cack- 
ing ; 2. miscarriage ; iU success. 

Faire un vilaine :-, to miscarry (by 

imprudence or cowardice). 

CACAO [ka-ka-o] n. 111. (bot.) cacao; 
cacao-nut; clwcolate-nut ; cocoa-tree. 

caraquo, cacao of the Caruccas. 
Amande, graine de , =: bean ; beurre 
de , (pliarm.) butter of^^. 

CACAOTIER [ka-ka-o-lie], 
CACAOYEK [kn-ka-o-i^;i n. m. (bot.) 
cacao; cacao-tree; chocolate-plant, 

CACAOYilRE [ka-ka-o-i4-r] n. f cacao- 

CACATOA, CACATOIS [ka-ka-toa] 
n. m. (nav.) royal. 

CACATOES, n. m. (oni.) cockatoo. 

ka-sh-io] n. 111. (mam.) cachalot; sper- 

CACHE [ka-sh] n. f ^ hiding-place. 

CACHE-CACIIK [ka-h-ka-sh] n. m. 
(play.) hide and seek ; ichoop and hide. 

CACIIECTIQUE [ka-kik-U-k] adj. 
(med.) cachectic. 

CACIIELOT, n. m. V. Cachalot. 

CACIIEMENT [ka-sh-man] n. m. :J: 
concealing ; hiding. 

CACHEMIRE [ku-sh-mi-r] n. m. cash- 

CACHEMIRETTE [ka-sh-mi-rj-t] n. 

CACIIE-NEZ [ka-sh-ne] n. m., pi. , 
comforter (neck-kercliiof). 

CACIIKK [ka-sh(!"| V. a. (A, from) 1. [ 
to conceal; to hide; to secrete; ^ to 
hide away ; 2. to conceal ; to hide; 3. 
to conceal (to abstain from mention- 
ing) ; ^ to keep in. 

1. q. oh. n q. u., < (v,nceal,o hide a. th.frm 
a. o. 2. 8)u ambition, t" conceal o.' amfiUion. 
;j. 8' n n im ou son rang, to conceal o.'t name or 

.\.ctlon de , conceaUnent. Cachcr 
sa vie, to live in retirement, seclusion,. 

I^tre, so tenir cacli6. ( V. scnsj) 1. (t.. a.) 
to keep out of the way; 2. (b. t.) fc 
lurk; 3. (b. s.) to skulk. 

Cache, e, pa. p. ( V. senses) 1. ont jf 
the way ; 2. undiscerried ; unseen; un- 

Pcrsonno e, ( F. senses) 1. (b. f>.) 
lurker; 2. (b. s.) skulker; 3. (b. t) cl- 
sconder ; vie , solitary and I'ttifvJ 
life. Qui ne peut etre , unc^nccil^ 

Se caciier, pr. v. 1. to conceal o.'i 
self; to hide o.'s self; to hide ; to sccreu' 
o.'s self; ^ to hide o.'s self aicay ; 2. I) 
keep in; to keep out of the way ; 3 io 
lie snug ; 4. (b. s.) to lurk ; 5. (b. 8.) (in 
order to a\oid arrest) to abscond. 

tk q. u., to conceal o.'s self from a. 
o. ; de q. ch., to conceal a. th. ; de 
q. u., to conceal o.'s conduct from a. o. 
an monde, to lice in great retire- 
ment, seclusion. Action de , ( V. 
senses) concealment; personne qui 8 
cache, 1 hider ; 2. (b. s.) lurker ; 8. (b. 
s.) absconder. Qui ne peut , imcon- 

Syn. Cachkr, di.s.simuler, DftcursER. Oic\et 
{to cotu fal) signities to abstain from making 
known what one wishes to keep secret ; dtssimule* 
{to disseiitb'e) iiieana, by reserved conduct, to con- 
ceal what one does not wish to have appear ; de- 
guiiitT {Jo disguise) to put on false appearances in 
order t < escjiiie or mislead another's penetration, 
ile viho cache watches over himself that he nilj 
not be betrayed into any indiscreet conimuniciv. 
tion ; he who dissimuU watches otliers, to prevent 
tlKHl from di8c^)ve ring his real f elings; he who 
d'lg te assumes altogether a different appearance 
fr m the reality, and remains secure ot escaping 

CACHET [ka-shJ,] n. m. 1. 1 seal {-JC 
private individuals); 2. || seal (stamp); Si. 
stamp (sign); 4. ticket (card with i 
seal, or name). 

3. Porter un d'originalitf , 'o Ix ir a slain; rf 

\\)\nv\\..flying seal. d'arinct^ = 
with a coat of arms ; dt ciiitftes, =j 
icith a cipher ; de la douane, cock/^. 
Lettre de , (hist, of France) 1. Ut^CT 
clause; 2. '^lettre de cachet '" (arlitrjjj; 
warrant of imiirisonment without accu- 
sation or trial). A, sons volant, und&r 
a flying = : sans , unsealed. Briscr, 
rooipre un , to break, to break open a 
= ; courir le 1^ , (of teachers) to run 
about giving private lesso7is. 

[Cachkt ini St not be cnnloiuided wilh iau.] 

CACHETER [ka-sh-t] v. a. 1. to seal 
(\Y\tb wax with the seal of a private in- 
(lividual); 2. to seal up (with was); 3. 
to wafer. 

Cir'e i\ , sealing-wax ; pain h , 
wafer ; personne qui cachette, 1. sealer; 
2. person that wafers. Mettro un pain 
a a, to wafer ; to put a icafer on. 

Cachete, v., pa. p. V. senses. 

Non , 1. unsealed; 2. without a 

CACHETTE [k:i-sh6-t] n. f 1. hiding- 
place ; 2. (b. s.) lurking-place. 

En , 1. in concealment ; 2. secretly; 
by stealth; .3. underhtnided : 4. under- 
liandedly. pAxc en , to he in conceal- 
ment; to lie concealed ; faire q. ch. eu 
, to do a. th. by stealth ; ^ to do a. ti'k 
in a corner. 

CACHEXIE [ka-k6k-8i] n. f (mcti) ca- 

C.\CIIOT [ka-sho] n. m. 1. dungeon; 
2. (mil.) black hole. 

Au , in, into the =^. Mottre au 
^, (mil.) to put into the =. 

CACIIOTTERIE [ka-sho-t-ri] n. f. ^ 
mysteriousness ; mi/sterious way (J 
acting, speaking (about trlflesX 

CACIIOU [kashou] n. la.' caiihc, 
catechu ; Japan earth. 

CACHOUTCIIOU [ka-shout sht u] a. u\. 

CACIQUE [ka-si k] n. in. cacique {Iir 
dian chief). 

CACIS [ka-sis] n Ml. V. Cassis. 

CACOCIIVMli; [ka-koshi-m] s^J. I 
(mod.) cocochymic; 2. ecceiUrlo; 
odd ; strange ; queer. 

CACOCliYMIE [ka-koshi-mtj n. i 
(mod.) cacachipn'i. 

CACOETllE [kiVo-it] w^. (iii.mIJ 




;joute; MJeu; eiijeune; Mtpeur; an pan; mpin; on bon ; wjibrur; llliq. ; gn liq. 

CMcogi-aphi/ ; hail, incorrect spelling. 

CAUOLOGIE [ka ko-lo-ji] n. C incor- 
rect form (/ exprenfiion. 

CACOPATIIIE [ka-ko-pa-ti] n. f. (med.) 
cdcopathid ; mulignunt ajfection. 

CACOIMIONIE [Uvko-fo-ni] n. f. 1. 
',dliL) cacopJwny ; 2. (nius.) cacophony ; 

OACOSPIITXIl Ha-ko-sfik-si] n. f. 
(lieJ.) aicosphyxia. 

CAOOTHYMIE [ka-ko-ii-mi] n. f. 
(*;fcJ.) cacotliymia. 

CACTIER [kak-ti6j n. m. (bot.) cac- 
(us; ^ blad apple; T torch-thistle. 

coclienillitere, nopal; cochineal- 
fid, fig-tree ; opuntia, raquette, In- 

CACTUS [k>ik-tu] n. m. V. Cactier. 

C-A-D., abbreviation for c'est-a-dibe, 
that is. 

CADASTRAL, E [ka-das-iral] adj. (pol. 
icon.) relative to the cada.itre. 

CADASTRE [ka-das-tr] n. m. (pol. 
ocon.) " cadastre " (register of the survey 
of lands). 

CADASTRER [ka-das-trf] V. n. (pol. 
econ.) to form the cadastre. 

(;ADASTRER, v. a. (pol. econ.) to 
form tlie cadastre of. 

CADAV^:REU-X, SE [ka-da-v-reu, 
luz] adj. cadaverous; death-like. 

CAD'AVi:RIQlTE [ka-da-v^-ri-k] adj. 
(anat.) o/ff dead body. 

CADAVRE [ka-da-vr] n. ni. corpse; 
dead body ; dead carcass ; * corse. 

ambulant, iciilking gltost. Voleur 
de 8, re.surrection-man. 

CADEAU [ka-d6] a m. present; 
gift ; coiiipUment. 

Sans X, ungifted. Envoyor en , to 
nend as a present; faire a q. u. de q. 
ch., to make a. o. a present of a. th. ; to 
present a. o. with a. tli. ; to make a. o. a 
compliment of a. th. ; to compliment a. 
o. xoiih a. th. ; faire un , to make a 
pr^f-ent. Qui ce presente pas do x, 

CAD^DIS [ka-d^-di] int. zounds. 
fyXDENAS [kad-na] n. ni. \. padlock; 
2 (of bracelets, necklaces, &c.) cUtsp. 

de cliaine, \. =: of a chain ; i.fet- 
t-Tljck. Enfermer sous , to padlock ; 
oav Ir le do, 1. to open tli^ padlock 
of; '. to uncl<tsp (bracelets, necklaces). 

CADENASSER [ka-d-aa-s^] V. a 1. to 
padlock; 2. to clasp (bracelets, necklaces, 

CADENCE [ka-dan-.] n. f. 1. t- 
dcnce (harmony); cadency; 2. (danc.) 
cadence; 3. (man.) cadence; 4. (nms.) 
cadence; close; 5. (inus.) quaver; 
quavering ; trill. 

AUer en , (danc.) to keep time ; faire 
une , (mus.) to make a cadence; to 
quaver ; to trill. 

CADENCER [ka-dan-sf] V. a. 1. to ca- 
dence; 2. (mus.) to time; 3. (nms.) to 
shake ; to quaver ; to trill. 

CADfeNE [ka-d^-n] n. f. \ chain {ioT 

CADENETTE [ka-d-nJ-t] n. f. tress {of 
hair worn below the rest). 

CADET, TE [ka-de, t] adj. 1. (of bro- 
thers and sisters) younger ; 2. (of bro- 
thers and sisters) eldest but oive ; 8. (of 
branches of families) younger ; 4 (of the 
same com\iM\y) jujiior. 

CADET [ka-d'j] n. m. 1. younger bro- 
Oier ; 2. youngest son; 3. younger 
man; 4. ^ young fellow; fellow ; 5. (of 
cht- same company) junior ; 6. (mil.) 

Jeine de haut appetit ^, extrava- i/ount ftUow. 

Ci\l)E'r[fe [ka-di-i] n. f. 1. younger 
D'j i:)r ; 2. paving-stone ; .3. (bill.) short 
on (ihorter of tin two long cues.) 

CADI [kadi] n. m. Cadi (Turkish 

CADIS [k-di] n. m. ca/ldis (serge). 

CADl.HS-EN, 6NE [ka-di-8Tn,i-n] adj. 
if Cadiz. 

CADISS-EM. p. n. tii. :kNR, p. n. f. 
latir-', of Oadii. 

CADMIUM [kaa-nii-mj n. m. c>.cZ- 

OADOQAN, n. m. F. Cato.^an 

CADOLE [ka-do-1] n. f. (lock.) latch. 
CADRAN [ka-dran] n. m. 1. dial-jjlate; 
dial ; 2. dial {so\a.r, lunar). 

inclinant, incline, (dial.) incliner ; 
lunaire, moon-dial; solaire, sun- 
dial ; de pierre, dial-stone. Fai.scur 
de 8, dialist. 

CADRAT [ka-dra] n. m. (print) qua- 

creux, qnotation. 
CADRATIN [ka-dra tin] n. in. (print.) 

m quadrat 

Demi , (print.) quadrat. 

CADRATURE [ka-dra-tu-r] n. f. (hor- 
ol.) motion-uork ; dial-tcork. 

CADRE [ka-dr] n. m. 1. \\ frame ; 2. 
frarne-icork ; outline; 3. compass 
(limits); 4. (arts) border; 5. (build.) 
frame; 6. (mil., nav.) officers; list of 
officers ; list ; 7. (nav.) cot. 

Faiseur de s, frame-maker ; oii- 
vrage fait sur un ,frame-7coi'k. tltre 
sur Ics s, (nav.) to be on the sick-list; 
renfermer dans un otroit, to reduce to 
a narroio compass. 

CADRER [ka-dr6] V. n. (avec) to 
agree (icith) ; to suit (...); to tally 
(icith) ; to square {icith). 

CADU-C, QUE [ka-duk] adj. 1. decay- 
ing ; declining ; crasy ; 2. (th.) of ca- 
ducity ; 3. (bot.) caducous ; fugacious ; 
4 (law) (of legacies) lapsed. 

V. Ape , a^e of cadiioily. 

Mai , {i)\e(\.) falling sickness, liltre 
, ( V. senses) (law) (of legacies) to 

CADUC:6E [ka-du-s^j n. m. 1. (myth.) 
caduceus ; rod ; 2. t caduceus. 

De , cadncean. 

CADUCITY [ka du-sit^] n. f. cadu- 
ciU/ ; decai/ ; decline. 

C^CUM; CCECUM [id-kom] n. m. 

CAFARD [ka-far, d] n. m. E, n. f. can- 
ter ; hypocrite. 

CAFARD, E, adj. canting ; hypocri- 

CAFARDERIE [ka-far-d-ri] n. f. cant; 

Avec , cantingly ; hypocritically. 
Parlor avec , to cant. 

CAFARDISE [ka-far-di-i] n. C t cant; 

CAF6"[kH-fi5] n. m. 1. cofee (berry); 
2. cqfee (beverage); 3. coffee-ttme; 4. 
coffee-house ; 5. (of an inn) coffee- 

a la criime, coffee icith cream ; 
h gros grains, large berried =; a petits 
grains, small berried =. ; des ties, 

West India = ; au lait, = toith milk ; 

^loka, de Moka, Moclui, Turkey = ; 

en [loudre, ground =. Balle de , 
bale of^^ ; baraque a , ^-sliop ; bru- 
loir a , =^-roaster ; commerce des 8, 
^-trade ; coulenr , =^-color ; coulour 

au lait, cream -color; fove de , =:- 
bean; graine de , =-?)r/'y , magasin 
A , z=-shop ; marcliand de ,^^-deal- 
er ; marchande de , ^-dealer ; ^=-u-o- 
man; tasse de , cup of:^; demi-tasse 
de , h<dfa cup of=:. 

CAFT!;tER [ka--i6] n. m. coffee-tree. 

CAFftlERE [ka-fd-ie-r] n. C, 

CAFETERIE [ka-f-ts-ri] n. f. coffee- 

CAFftlQUE [ka-re-i-k] adj. (chcm.) 

CAFETAX, CAFTAN [kaftan] n. m. 
caftan (Persian, Turkish garment). 

CAFETIER [ka-f-tie] n. m. coffee-man; 

CAFETliiRE [ka-f-tii-r] n. f. 1 ooffe 
pot; 2. mug. 

de ... tasses, coffee-pot that holds 
. . cups. 

CAFIER [ka-fi6] n. m. (bot.) coffee- 

CAERE [kafr] p. n. m. f. Caffre. 

CAERE, adj. Caffre; ofCaffraria. 

CAGE [ka-j] n. f. 1. cage; 2. (for 
poultry) coop ; 3. (carp.) cage ; 4. (mach.) 
case; ca-ting ; 5. (tech.)/V'aie/ hous- 

h poulets, hen-coop. En 5, 
(pers.) in durance vile. Mettre on , 
to put into a cage ; faire sortir d'line , 
to uncage. \ 

CAGNARD, E [ka-gnar, JJ fidj. 1. 
lazy ; 2. ^^W~ skulking. 

CAGNARD, n. m. B, n. f. 1. Icuy 
bones; 2. |^~ skidker. 

CAGNARDER [ka-jfuar-dd*] V. u 1 to 
live in idleness, lanness. 

CAGNARDISE [ka-gnar-di .*] D. t 1 


CAGNE [ka-gn*] n. f. ^^- slut. 
CAGNEU-X, SE [ka-gneu, u-i*] tM 

1. (pers.) crook-kneed ; knock- knooa; 
splay-footed ; 2. (of the logs) crook^ 

CAGOT [ka-go.t] n. in. E, n C Ug<il. 

En , bigotedly. 

CAGOT, E, adj. bigoted. 

CAGOTERIE [ka-go-t-rl] n. f. ]. bi- 
gotry; 2. act of bigotry. 

CAGOTISME [ka-go-ti. m] n. m. bi- 

Avec , bigotedly. 

CAGUE [ka-g] n. f. (nav.) cagtKi 
(Dutch sloojO. 

CAIIIER [ka-id] n. m. 1. book (of miv- 
nuscript or music) ; paper-book ; 2. 
copy-book; 3. book (of loose sheets); 4. 
(of writing paper) quarter of a quire; 
5. t memorial (of a public body to the 
sovereign); 6. (bind.) sheet; 1. (hist of 
France) cahier (ollicial instructions o( 
the electors to the deputies it the Sti tes- 

dos charges, 1. (pub. adm.) oot di- 
tions ; 2. (pub. works) conditions V 
contract; dVcrituro, writing-bo ic, 
d'exemples, (of writing) copy-bo. jk; 
s do philosophic, do theologie (yL) 
course of philosophy, theology (gi.'eu 

by a professor to his pupils). 

CAIUN-CAIIA [ka-iu-ka-a] adv. 1 at. 
jog trot ; so so. 

CAIIOT [ka-o] n. m. joltitig ; jolt. 

CAIIOTAGE [ka-o-tA-j] n. ni. 'joltiihj. 

CAIIOT ANT, E [ka-o-tin,i] adj. >'i- 

CAIIOTER [kn-o-td] V. a. 1. J to jjlt; 

2. to toss about ; to beat about. 
CAIIOTER, V. n. to jolt. 

Chose, personne qui cahote. jolter. 

CAIIUTE [ka-u-i] n. 1. hut; hoed; 
2. (nay.) smau cabin. 

CAlEU [ka-ien] n. m. 1. (hort) ciovo; 
2. flower of a clove. 

CAILLE [ka-i*] n. f. {cm.) quaU. 

Vol de s, bevy of^^s. 

CAILLi; [ka-ii*] n. m. curd. 

CAILLEBOTTE [ka-i-bo-t*] n. cor^ 
soli dated curd. 

CAILLEIJOTTER (SE) [.6-ka-i-bo-V] 
pr. V. to curd ; to curdle. 

CAILLE-LAIT [ka-i-U] n. m., pi. , 
(bot.) cheese-rennet. 

blanc, \Tai, (bot)=:; jimne,joitit 
grass ; grateron, (bot.) cleavers. 

CAILLER [kAie*] V. a. 1. to curd; to 
curdle ; 2. to clot. 

Caille, e, pa. p. ( V. senses) curdy. 

Sk CAiLi.Eii, i)r. V. 1. to curd; to cur- 
dle ; 2. to clot ; to coke. 

CAILLETAGE [ka-i-ta-j*] n. m. Z 
ticattling ; tittle-tattle. 

CAILLETEAU [ka-i-tu*] n. m. (orn.) 
young quail. 

CAILLETTE [ka-ij-t*] n. f. rennet; 

CAILLETTE, n. f. gossip; lover at 

CAILLOT [ka-io*] n. m. \. clot (oJ 
blood); 2. (iiied.) coagulum, 8. (pby- 
siol.) cruor. 

CAILLOTIS [ka-io-ii*] n. m. kdp. 

CAILLOU [ka-iou*] u. in. 1. | JJM! 
(stone); 2. pebble ; j.ebba.-.'itone. 

de crista!, pebble-crystal. Do 

CAILLOUTAGE [ka-iou-ta-j*] n. iil 1, 
pebble-icork ; 2. (\mi.) flint-tea re. 

CAILLOUTEU - X, SE F k-iuu-t.-l 
eu-z*] adj. 1. flinty; 2. pebbled ; peb 

CAILliOUTlS fka-ion-u*] n. ni. (on 
gin.) (of roads) mefiil; broken stonv. 

En , metalled; stoned; of br'-iksu 

CAlMACAN [ka-i-ma-kaji") n. in. cul 
macan ^Turkish dignitary). 

CAIMAN [ka-i nmn] n. m. (erj).) <iUt 
gator ; America r rrncodila 






a mal; d male; e fOc; e fuvc; i lijte; ^je; il; i i!e; o mol; 6 mole; ij uiort; u sue; sure; ou jour; 

CATQUE [kn-ik] n. III. (iiav.) lataidi ; 
shm's bodt ; Urt^yhoat. 

CAISSK [ke-.] n. f. 1. vase; box; 2. 
r^M ; 3. (of coaclies) bodi/ ; frame ; 4. 
[fur flowers, plants) box ; 5. (for iiioncy) 
oas/i-boie ; 6. (for luowcy) coffer (of [(ub- 
lic bodies); 7. (for packing) cane; S. 
drtim; 9. (anat) rf/'io/. (of [lie ear); 10. 
(bock-k.) eauh; 11. (com.) (of counters) 
tVl; tiller; 12. (com.) cash-office; 13. 
(Rn.)/nnd; 14. (pub. adm.) pay-office. 

G rosso , big drum ; petite , (com.) 
(rf counters) <(7i; tiller. d'amortisse- 
menf, ( V. A.mortisskment). a clairc- 
voie, crate ; d'epargne, ( V. ^Iparcne). 
ties pensions, pension-fund ; de 
Irompe, (tech.) drum ; a vent, (nav.) 
ifrunk. Coinpte do , (book-k.) cash-ac- 
emmt ; jour de , (com.) prompt day ; 
Ilvre de , (book-k.) canh-book ; mise 
en , packing ; packing in a case, in 
tuises. En , (com.) in hand. Battre 
la , (mil.) to beat the drum ; faire la 
, (book-k.) to make up the cash ac- 
orunt; solder la , (book-k.) to hakince 
the cash-book; tenir la , to act as 

CAISSETIN [ki-s-iin] n. m. small 
deal box. 

CAISSIEK [ke-sia] n. m. cashier; 

CAISSON [k6..6n] n. m. 1. (arch.) cof- 
fer; compartment ceiling; 2. (artil.) 
pwcder-cart; 3. (build.) caisson; 
chest; 4. (mil.) caisson; wagon; 5. 
(canal-nav.) cradle. 

a poudre. (nav.) powder-chest. 

CAJOLEK [ka-jo-1^] V. a. 1. to cajole' 
1 to tcheedle ; 2. tofaicn upon ; 8. (nav.) 
to drive (a vessel against the wind, by 
the aid of the current). 

CAJOLEIIIE [ka-jo-1-ri] n. 1. cajo- 
lery ; ^ uheedling ; 2.fatcning. 

Avec , 1. tcith =; 2. fauningly. 

CAJOLEU-K [ka-joieur] n. m. SE 
[u-i] n. f. 1. cajoler ; ^ wheedler ; 2. 

CATj [kui] n. m., pi. s, 1. callus; 
OcUoijiti/ ; T blixter ; 2. (med.) callus. 

CALABKOIS, E [ka-la-broa, z] adj. & 
f. n. m. f. Calabriiin. 

CALADE [ka-ia-d] n. f. (man.) ca- 

CAL.\IS1EN, NE [ka-lJ-zi-in,J-n] adj. 
qf Calais. 

CALAISIKN, p. n. m.NE, p. n. f. na- 
tiee of Calais. 

OA LA ISDN [ka-W-26n] n. f. (nav.) Ii7ie 
jf floating ; load icater line. 

CALAMBAC [ka-lan-bak], 

CALAMBOUC [ka-lan-bouk], 

CALA.MBOUK [k.vlan-bour] n. m. ca- 
'.ambac (wood). 

CALAMENDKIER [k-la-man-dria] n. 
111. (hot) common tcall-germander. 

UA LAMENT [ka-la-man] n. m. (bot.) 

CALAMINAIRE [kala-mi-nj-r] adj. X 
of calamine. 

Pierre t. calamine. 

CALAMINE [ka-la-D.i-n] n. f (min.) 

CALAMITE [ka-la-nii-t] n. (min.) 

CALAMIT]!: [kn-I.i-mi-t6] n. (of cir- 
cumstances) calamity. 

Dans la , (\icts.) ccdayniious ; plein 
do 8, calamitous ; sous le poi(ls de la 
, under the pressure of calamity. 

3fin. Cai.amitIc, mai.hp.ur, infoktunk. A 
<\ilainiti ]&iL positive evil, 'lily in relatinii to the 
Cfuin^; it may ineiiare indiviilitnlg, without arluHlly 
a/nakin(; ihein. Tlse lua'heur is the evil re- 
Hiwd; the ;/< is the evil fill. The ca'a- 
r:iU h the thintr iucir-, the nalhrur is t!ie bhm- 
\itb bidi it afflicts lis: the infunmit is the effect 
uhton il produces ui'ii tm. The pla^tie is a ca*a- 
e%iU (eatamittf) which depopulates a city, but 
vfhicb po.*no n'lay es(ape ; he who beliotds ifis S'ni 
fli!l A victim to il, exiterieHfes a malhtttr (ajflle- 
liu)f the sit'.iatiiiu in which he is placed by this 
uti), m his inl'irtiint (wUf'ir'Mne). 

n ALA M rn:u-x. SE [ka-i-mftefi, &-t] 

iwlj. (of cir<MuiistanooR> adamitow). 

l!AL\NI)IiAGK [ka-lin-dra-jl n. m. (a. 
St ni.) ca/eudering. 

CALANDItE [kn-lan-arj n. C 1. (ent.) 
coeoii; dilamlre; 2. {orn.) cidandra. 

dn bli'-, (ent.) corji-iceeril. 
C4LA NDHK n. (a. &, ui.) c. 

) ciileniler. 

CALANDKER [ka-lun-drcT] V. a. 1. to 
mangle; 2. (a & m.) to calender. 

CALANDKEUR [ka-lin-dreiir] n. m. 
(a. & m.) calendrer. 

CALAO [ka-ia-o] n. m. (orn.) (genus) 

CALATRAVA [ka-la-tra-va] p. D. m. 

Ctdutrava (Spanisii military order). 

CALCAIRE [kal-ke-r] adj. 1. (chcm., 
gcol., iwm.) calcareous ; 2. (chem., min.) 

Dipot, encrofitcnient , (min.) sinter ; 
pierre , (min.) lime-stone ; pierre 
hydraulique, hydraulic lime-stone ; 
spatli , (min.) calc-spar ; tuf , (min.) 

CALCAIRE, u. m. (min.) limey-stone. 

hydraulique, hydraulic =; in- 
termodiairo, de transition, transition =. 

CALCANEUM [kal-ka-nd-om] n. m. 
(anat.) calcaneum ; heel-bone. 

CALC:6D01NE [kal-s-doa-n] n. 
(min.) chalcedony. 

CALCtDONIEU-X, SE [kal-si-do-ni. 
en, eu-z] adj. (jewel.) chalcedonic. 

CALCINABLE [kal-si-na-bl] adj. (did.) 

CALCINATION [kal-si-na-siOn] n. 1. 
(action) ignition; 't. (did.) calcination ; 
3. (tech.) calcining. 

Eour de , (chem.) cnlciner. 

CALCINER [kal-8i-n(S] v. a. (did.) to 

Se CALCINER, pr. V. (did.) to calcine. 

CALCIUM [kai-si-om] n. in. (chem.) 

CALCOGRAPIIIE [kal-ko-gra-fi] n. 

CALCUL [kal-kul] n. m. 1. H calcula- 
tion; 1 reckoning ; 2. cvJAe^'iMC (arith- 
metic); 3. (math.) calculus; 4. (med.) 
calculus ; coticretion ; ^ stone. 

appro.ximatif, rmigh calculation ; 
artliritique, (mod.) gouty calculus, 
concretion ; differentiel, (math.) dif- 
ferential calculus ; fluxions ; fluxional 
analysis; e.xact, accurate =; faux 
, erroneous =. Eireur de , error in 
= ; inathematicien verso dans le dif- 
forenticl,^a'jo7M's<. Au delude tout , 
beyond :=, account; de , 1. ofz=; 2. 
calculative ; de fait, erery thing cal- 
culated ; du diffcrentiel, (math.) 
fluxionary. Faire un , to calculate ; 
to compute ; se tromper dans son , to 
be mistaken, 1 out in o.^s =. 

CALCULABLE [kal-ku-ia-bl] adj. cal- 

CALCULATEUR [kal-ku-la-teur] n. m. 
calculator ; reckoner. 

Coinmis , (com.lnumberer. 

CALCULATEU-R, SE [kal-ku-Ia-teur, 
eu-i] adj. calettktting. 

CALCULER [kal-ku-l] v. a.]. I to cal- 
culate; to compute ; to reckon; 2. to 

Wen, mal, to = icell, badly ; to be a 
good, a bad reckoner. Calcule a . . . 
pres, calculated, reckoned to the near- 
est. . . Qui no calcule pas, uncalculat- 

Cai.cule, e, pa p. V. senses of Cal- 


Non , 1. uncalculaied; unreckoned; 
unsummed ; 2. unscanned. Qu'on n"a 
pas , 1. uncalculaied ; unreckoned; 
unsummed ; 2. unscanned. 

CALCULER, V. n. to calculate; to 
cipJier ; to reckon. 

CALCULEU-X, SE [kal-ku-leu, eu-z] 
ailj. (mod.) calculous. 

A ffection culcnleuse, = disease ; con- 
cretion calciileuse, concretion. 

CALCULKU-X, n. m. SE, n. f. person 
attacked iciUi calciilus. 

CALCULIFRAGE [kal-ku-li-fia-j] adj. 
(med.) lithontriptic. 

CALE [kn-l] n. 1. (of quays) slip; 2. 
(nav.) hold (of a ship); 8. (nav.) chock, 
(wooden wedge); 4. (nav.) (punishment) 
keel-hauling ; keel-raking ; ducking ; 
5. (ship-build.) stock ; slip ; 6. (tech.) 
block; n:edge. 

de construction, (ship-build.) stoc/t, ; 
slip. Kxtretnite de la , (nav.) ru,ng. 
Gens de la , (nav.) holders; matelot 
lie la , (nav.) holder; profondeur, 
eiviix de la , (nav.) depth of the lu>ld. 

Arrimer la , faire VDrriniagc de la , 
(nav.) to state, to crim the hold ; donnoi 
la , (nav.) to keel-haul; to keei-rakc: 
to duck. 

CALEBASSE [ka-i-ba-] n. L (V;K] 
calabash ; gourd ; bottle gourd ; jroc-.h- 
neck; 2. calabash (emptv). 

CALEBASSIER [ka-i-ba-;] n. <>. 
(bot.) (genus) calabash; calabaeh^rcf ; 
gourd-nla7it, tree. 

CALECIIE [ka-iJ-sh] n. f \. e-jlac?.: 
carriage ; 2. open carriage ; 8. t ocJoiS 

dccouverte, open carriage. /\ 
bateau, sociable. 

CALECON [ka-l-Bon] n. m. drawer* ; 
pair of drawers. 

do bain, bathing drawers; dc 
nageur, suimming =. En , in o.' = 
with o.'s drazcers on. 

CALD0NIEN, NE [ka W-do-mIn, i-i>] 
adj. Caledonian. 

CALi;DONIEN, p. n. m. NE, p. n. C 

CALi:FACTEUR [ka-U-fok-teiir] n. lu. 

CaLEMBOUR [ka-lan-bour] n. m. pun; 

FaLseur, faiseuse de 8, paragram- 
matist. Engager q. u. par des s a q. 
cb.. to pun a. o. into a. th. ; faire un , 
to r.Mke a pun ; faire des s, to make 
puns ; to pun ; parler par s, to pun. 

CALEMBOURISTE [ka-lan-bou-ris l] 
n. m. punMer. 

CALEMBREDAINE [ka-lin-br6 dj n] 
n. 1 mditerfuge ; shift. 

CALENDER [ka-lan-da] n. m. caUn- 
der (Persian, Turkish monk). 

CALENDES [ka-lan-d] n. (pi.) L 
(Rom. ant) calends; 2. assembly (of 
country vicars). 

Aux grecques, ich^n the Gretk = 
arrive. Renvoyer aux grecquifi, U 
put off for ever. 

CALENDRIER [ka-lan-drlv^^] n. 111. 1 

calendar ; almanac; 2. (ecci! hist) '-J- 

Nouveau , corrected, cu 
lendar. do Flore, du jardirier, hortu- 
Ian =. 

CALENTURE [kn-lin-tu-r] a. (med.) 

CALEPIN [kvi-pin] n. m. memoran- 
dum book; scrap-book ; common-plucc 

CALER [ka-U] V. a. 1. to wedge ; ii 
wedge up ; 2. to wedge in ; 3. (nav.) to 

CALER, V. n. (nav.) to sink low in t/u 

GALEA IT [kni-ft] D m. (nav.) calk 

CALF AT [kal-ia] n. m. (nav.) colker. 

Mailletde , calkin g-m a llet ; mouss-' 
(1.3 , (nav.) oakum-boy. 

CALFATAGE [kal-fa-ia-j] n. m. (nav.) 

CALFATER [kai-fa-ta] v. a. (nav.) U 

Maillot A , calking -mallet. 

CALFATIN [kal-fa-tiii] n. m. (nav.) 
calker''s boy. 

CALFEUTRAGE [kal-feu-traj] n. DL 

stopping up of chinks. 

CALFEUTRER [kai-feu-ir] v. H. to 
stop up the chinks of. 

Se cai.feutkek, pr. v. to stop up tht 
chinks; to shut out the wind, (dr. 

CALIBRE [kal-i-br] n. m. 1. 1 (of fire 
aiir.s) caliber; calibre; bore; size; 9 
(of shot) caliber; calibre; size; 8. S in 
terior diameter ; size; 4. ^^calihit 
stamp ; kind ; 5. (arch.) calibre ; f, 
(artil.) caliber ; calibre ; 7. (instnuntut/ 
caHber-rule ; 8. (mach.) bore. 

Compas de , (artil.) calipers; rail 
per-com passes. Donner le , to giM 
the calibre ; Ctre du de q. u., to be qf 
a. o.'s calibre ; to be a match for a. o. ; 
trouver o. u. de son , to fnd a. o 
of o.'s calibre; 1 to meet o.'s match. 

CALIBRER [k-Ii-^r6] v. a. 1. to givt 
the calibre; 2. to measure, take fht 

CALICE [ka-U-s] n. m. 1 cfuMo'.' 
communior^cup ; cup; 2. (bot.) cilyn ; 
flower-cup, cup. 




oiijoute; cwjeu; ewjofme; cm pear; tin pan; iJtpin; on hon; Mwbrun; *11 liq. ; *gn iiq. 

Voile du , (Rom. cath. relig.) ani- 
metta. Avalsr, boire le , to dnnk the 
tup ; H to ticalUrijD the pill ; boire le 
jiL-^quTi la lie, to drink of the cxip of 
biiteniess to thi drega. 

CAI.ICINAl., E [ka-ii-.i-nai] adj. (bot.) 

CA] JCOT [ka U-V i] -n. m. 1. calico ; 2. 
\W^ ihopmafi. 

tiALlKAT [kol-i-fft] n. m. caliphate. 

('ALIKE [k li-f] n. 111. caliph. 

UALIFOUNIEN, NE [ka-li-for-ni-m, 
V.'il adj. Ctdifornian. 

C ALIFOKNIEN, p. n. m., NE, p. n. f. 
California n. 

CALIFOURCIION (A) [a ka-li-lour- 
ihcn] adv. astride; ^ astraddle. 

Se metti-e a , to stride; to ffet 
astride; to straddle; se mettre a 
Eur, to straddle ; se ten'- a , to stride ; 
to he astride. 

CALIFOUIICIION [ka-li-foiir-Bhon] n. 

tn. hohbij (favorite pursuit). 

CALIGO [ka-ii-go] n. m. (ined.) ca- 

CALIN [ka-Hn] n. m. E [in] n. f. 1. 
hooby ; 7iinny ; 2. ^ \ cajoler ; xoheed- 

CALIN, E, adj. cajoling; wheedling 

CALINER (SE) [86-ka-li-D] pr. v. to 
ounge ; to idle. 

cAlINERIE [ka-li-n-ri] n. f. cajolery; 

OALIORNE [ka-li-or-n] n. f. (nav.) 

CALLEU-X, SE [ka-Iea, eu-i] adj. J 
callous (hard). 

Corx)S , (anat.) " corpus callosum.'' 
D'une inaniiTe v:iW-ase, callously. 

CALLIGRAI'lIE [kMl-ligra-f] n. m. 
good penman. 

GALLIC RAPIIIE [kal-li-gra-fi] ti. f. 
ealligrnphii : good penmanjthip. 

CALLIGRAPIIIQUE [kalli-gra-fi-k] 
wlj. calligr<tphic. 

O.VLLOSrr^ [kaUci-w] n. f. 1 1. cal- 
lasli'j ; callousness ; 2. callosity (hard 
511 1). 

A vec II, callously. 

.\'.LMANDE [kal-mSn-d] n. f. 1. 
tasting; calamanco ; 2. {\(A\.) rchiff. 

CALMANT, E [kal-mSn, mfm-t] adj. 
^med.) composing; soothing; appeas- 
ing ; quieting. 

CALMANT [kai-manl n. tn. (tned.) 
anodyne ; com,posing draught. 

CALMAR [kal-mar] n. til. 1. t pen- 
ease; 2. (moll.) calamart/. 

CALME [kai-m] adj. 1." || calm; ** 
eahny ;%% quiet ; still; undisturhed ; 
8. itnimpassioned ; 4. dispassionate; 
composed ; unruffled ; 5. collected ; G. 
(com.) dull; flat. 

Pen , ( V. senses) uncollected. 

CALME, n. m. 1. II calm : calmness ; 
2. quietness; stillness; ** still; -un- 
disturhedness ; 3. composedness ; 4. 
(nav.) calm. 

plat, (nav.) dead,flat calm. Avec 
, 1. 1 8 with :=, calmness ; calmly ; 2. 
J quietly ; stilly ; 8. dispassionately ; 
composedly, fitre pris de , (nav.) to 
be l/ec((lmed. 

CALMER [k'ii-m6] V. a. 1. ! to calm ; 
2. to quiet ; to still ; ** to hush ; 3. 
to compose ; to ease ; to allay ; to 
soothe ; 4. to pacify ; to sootJte. 

Chose, personne qui calme, 1. calmer ; 
2. quieter; stiller; 3. composer; al- 
layer ; soother. Qu'on ne peat , ( V. 
iensea) 1. unappeasable; 2. unaton- 

Calms, e, pa p. F. senses of Cal- 


N jn , (F. senses) 1. uncalmeJ ; 2. 
KiiiQuiet^d ; v.nstiUed ; ** unhushed; 8. 
'iv.ccmpcsed ; uneased ; nnallayed ; 
iiisoot/t^d; 4. unappeased; unpacified ; 
5. unatoncd. 

Bk oalmkr, pr. v. 1. I to calm o.'s 
io'.f; to become, ^ to get calm ; 2. to 
become, % to get quiet, still ; .3. to com- 
pose o.'s self; to become, to be, ^ to get 
sased, allayed, soothed; to be p' "elf 
igain; 4. to unruffle, t. ^ (tli.) to 
i/o-M! over. 

CALMEF, V. n. (nav.) to fall calm. 

CALM IF [kai-miln t {f\&v.)luU. 

CALOMEL [ka-Io-ni6l] n. m. (pliarm.) 

CALOMNIA-TEUU [ka-lom-ni-a-teur] 
n. ni. TRICE [trie] n. f. calumniator; 
slanderer; traducer; detractor ; de- 

CALOMN.IE [ka-iom-ni] n. f. calumny; 

CALOMNIER [ka-loni-ni6] v. a. to ca- 
lumniate; to slander ; to traduce. 

Action de , calumniation; slander- 
ing ; tradncing. 

C.VLOMNIER, v. n. to calumniate ; 
to slander. 

i-man] adv. calumniously ; slanderous- 
ly ; traducingli/. 

CALOMNIEII-X, SE [ka-lom-ni-en, eu-i] 
adj. calumnious ; slundei'ous. 

CALOMNIOGUAPIIE [ ka-lom-ni-o- 
gra-f ] n. tn. % icriter of calumny. 

CALONIERE [ka-io-n,-i-r] iJ. f. pop- 

CALORIF^RE [ka-lo-ri-f^-r] n. ni. air- 
stove; hot air-stove. 

d'eau, calorifere of 'neater. 
CALORIFICATION [ka-!.i-ri-fi.ka-5i;ni 

n. f. (pliys.) calorification. 

CALORIFIQIIE [ ka-lo-ri-fl-k ] ndj. 
(pliys.) calorific. 

CALORIMliTRE [ka-Io-ri-mJ-tr] n. m. 
(phvs.) calorimeter. 

CALOGIQUE [ka-!o-ri.k] n. m. (pliys.) 

Do , caloric. 

CALOTTE [ka-lo-t] n. f. 1. (of p,-iosts) 
calotte ; 2. cap (for men) ; 3. |-^^ box 
on the ear ; 4. (of sergeants at law & 
judges) coif; 5. (anat.) upper half of 
the skull ; 6. (arcli.) calotte ; 7. (iiliya.) 
cap ; 8. (surg.) skull-cap. 

dcs cieux, canopy of heaten ; 
du crane, (anat.) skull. Coilfer de la , 
to (Y/ (sergeants at law & judges). Non 
coiffu de la , (of sergeants at law & 
jud ges) uncoiffed. Donner des s a q. 
u. t^", to box a. o.'s ears. 

CALOTTKR [kn-lo-tf] v. a. IW to 
box the ears of. 

CALOTIER [ka-lo-ti] n. m. 1. ca- 
lotte-maker ; 2. cap-maker ; 8. coif- 

CALQUE [kai-k] n. m. 1. (draw.) 
counter-drawing; 2. % transcript; im- 
itation; copy. 

CALQUER [kai-k6] V. a. 1. (draw., 
engr.) to trace ; to counter-draw ; 2. 
(suit, //"owt) to imitate; to copy; to 
make aut. 

a la pointe, to counter-draw 
zcith a point; i la vitro, to =: on 

Cai.qde, e, pa. p. F. senses of Cal- 


Non . (draw.) untraced. 
CAT-UMIJ:6, n. m. F. Colombo. 
CALUMET [ka-lu-me] n. m. calumet; 

de paix, pipe of peace. 

CALUS [ka-iiis] n. m. 1. 1| callus; cal- 
losity ; ^ blister ; 2. callousness ; ob- 
duracy ; 8. (ined.) callus. 

Se faire un contre , to be callous 
to ; to be obdurate to. 

CALVAIRE [kui-vfe-r] p. n. m. Cal- 

CALVILLE [kal-vi-I] n. ni. calcille 

CALVINIEN, NE [kal vi-ni-in, 6-n] 

adj. Caleinistic. 

CALVINISME [kal-vi-nis-m] n. m. 

CALVINISTE [kal-vi-nis-t] adj. Cal- 

CALVINTSTE, n. m. f. Caivinist. 

CALVITIE [kaUvi-si] n. baldness. 

CAMAIEU [ka-nm-ieu] n. m. 1. cameo; 
2. ([)aint.) cameo; brooch. 

CAM.VIL [*] n. in., pi. s, 1. 
camail (of a catholic bishoji) ; 2. camail 
(garment); cardinal. 

CAMARADE [ka-ma-ra-d] n. m. 1. + 
companion ; 2. associate ; * compeer ; 
8. 1i comrade ; mate ; fellow ; 4. (of 
children) play -fellow ; play-mate; 5. 
'of engineers) fellow-engineer; 6. (of 
sailors) co?n/'rt<7e; mate; 1. (of servants) 
fellow-servant; comrade; 8. (of sol- 

diers) comrade ; 9. (of \vorI;men)./i;Ztot'' 
laborer ; 10. (coinp.)/i'ito?o. 

de la boutelllc, bottle-compa ni/ ii , 
de clianibre, 1. chamber-fellow, -; 2 
(schools) chum; de classc, t. clast 
fellow ; 2. school-felknc ; de college 
fellow-collegian ; d'ccole, school- 
felloio; d'etude, fellow-student; 
de jeu, play-felUnv ; play-mate ; do 
lit,' bed-feUow; de malheur, = i> 
misfortune ; feUow-sufferer ; do scf 
vice, fellow-servant; de table, 1. ta- 
ble-=; 2. (mil.) messmate; de voy- 
age, felloie-traveller. Traitor en , 1. 
to treat like a ; 2. to brother. 

CAMARADE, n. C 1. female com- 
panion; companion ; 2. associate; S. 
(of children) playfelloic ; 4. (of servants) 
fello^o-servant ; 5. (comp.) companion ; 

CAMARADERIE [ka-ma-ra-d-rl] n. f 
1. companionship; 2. intimacy (of 
companions, associates); 8. (b. s.) clan; 

CAMARD, E [ka-mar, d] adj.^ 1. (pers.) 
flat, snub-nosed; 2. (of no&es.)Jlat 

CAMARD, n. m. E, n. f. 1[ (pers.) 
fiat, snub nose. 

CAMARIN'E [ka-ma-ri-n] n. f. (bot) 

CAMBISTE [kJnbis-t] n. m. (com.) 

Place --, aechange market. 

CAMB'jUIS [kan-boui] n. m. coom 

CAMBUE [kan-br] n. m. cambenng. 

CAMBllfe, E [kftn-br6] adj. cambere^^ ; 

" CAMBREE, V. a. 1. to camber; 9. 
(arts) to sweep. 

Se cambuer, pr. v. t to camber; 2. 
(arts"> to take a siceep. 

CAMBRIEN [kan-briin] n. m. NE [i-a] 

n. f. Cambrian (ancient inhabitant of 

CAMBRILLON [kin-bri-isu*] n. p.v 
stifener (of a shoe). 

(cant) flash-man. 

CAMBRURE [kan-brui] n. f. t. cam- 
bering ; 2. (arts) siceep. 

CAMBITSE [kan-bi-z] n. f. (nav.)sto>- 
ard's room. 

CAMBUSIER [kau-bu-zii] n. m. (nav.) 
steivard's mate. 

CAME [ka-m] n. f. 1. (conch.); 
]^~ heart-cockle ; 2. (tech.) cam; poif 
cam; cog. 

A s, (tech.) cogged. 

CAME, n. f. F. Ciiame. 

CAM6e [kn-ni] n. m. camcea. 

CAM6l1!;E [ka-mi-u] n. f. (bot) Vfidr 

CAM]<:L60N [ka-m-l-6n] n. m. 1. 
(erp.) chameleon ; 2. (pers.) weat/ier- 
cock; 3. (.Tstr.) chameleon. 

CAM6L]50PARD [ka-.n-ld-o-imr] n. 
tn. (mam.) camelopard ; giraffe. 

CAMELINE [ka-nili-n] n. f. (hot.) 
camllne ; 5 gold-pleasure ; gold of 

CAMELOT [ka-m-16] n. ni. camlet. 

ondii, ^catered =:= ; fll rotors, i 
gros grains, coarse =. II est coinino U 
, il a pris son pli, he is incoi -igible. 

CAMELOTE [ka-m-lo-t] n. f. trash: 
stuff'; rubbish. 

CAM6rIER [ka-mri] n. in. chany- 
berlain (of tlie pope.) 

CA.MERISTE [ka-n.d-ris-t] ii. f. woit- 
ing uonian (at certain courtj-). 

CAMERLINGAT [ka-mJr.lTn-gtt] n in. 

CAMERLINGUE [k.-v-mJ^r-Iin-g] n. ui. 
camerlingo (officer of the conrt rf 

CAMERON lEN, NE rka-ii,-ro-ni fc^ 
J-n] adj. (hist, of Scotland) Cameroniun. 

CAM6R0NIEN, p. n. m. Nli, p. n. i 
(hist, of Scotland) Cajneronian. 

CAMION [ka-mion] n. m. I. dray: 
dray-cart; truck; 2. (of pins) mint- 

CAMIONNAGE [ka-mio-na jj n. la 
carting (in a dray). 

CA.MIONXEUR [ka-iai-o-near] u 111 

CAMISARD [ka mi-zar] n. 111. (hist, ot 




a mall d mfile; e tie; e fcve; e Icte; ^jc; t il; i lie; o mol; 6 mole; 6 mort; u sue; u sure; ou joiir; 

Fr.) Camisard (insurgent in tlie reign 
Df Louis XIV.). 

CAMISOLE [ka-mi.K>-l] n. f. short 
ivlght-dresa, g nmi. 

(le force, strait Jacket; strait 

CiMOMILLE [kamo-mi*] n. f. 1. (lot.) 
(wJ.v.i) camarnile ; 2. (pharm.) camo- 

od rant.e, romaine, common =. 
(jTotliTv), L'paninh =; pellitory of 

CAMOUFLET [ka-mou-fle] B. m. 1. ! 
tiiokc of Hffhted paper (intentionally 
;>lown into a. o."s (ace); 2. t3F" af- 
front; rap oter the knuckles. 

liecevoir un t^", 1. to receive an 
affront ; to get a rap over Uie knnck 
fts ; 2. to catch a Tartar. 

CAMP [kin] u. ui. 1. (mil.) camp; 2. 

retrancli6, (mil.) intrenclted quar- 
ters ; volant, flying camp. de 
manoeuvres, munMuvriug cump. As- 
seoii', mettrc, poser un , to pitch a 
camp ; lever un , to break up a camp ; 
prendre le , to decamp ; gW to be 
off; }atg~ to turn out. 

CAMPAGNAKU, E [kan-pa-gnar, d*] 
adj. 1. co^mtry ; 2. (b. s.) rustic. 

Gentilhomme , country gentleman. 

OAMPAGNAKD, n. m. E, n. f. 1. 
countryman; country^coman ; 2. (b. s.) 

CAMPAGNE [kan-pa-gn*] n. 1. [ 
chiunpaign (flat country) ; 2. 1 country 
(extent of land) ; 3. | country ;flelds; 4. 
* Afield; plain (of the air); 5. 8 coun- 
'ry (not town); 6. I country-house; 
'lountry-iseai ; seat ; T. (mil.) campaign; 
6 {uu\. ) fleld (war); 9. (nav.) voyage; 
10. Qmb. ivorks) .season. 

Dame le la , country lady ; gens 
:If> 'a . 1. =L-people; 2. peasantry; 
'.1. nunc de la , country man; piece 
>!>' , (\i[\\.) fle/d -piece ; proprietaire 
V , =z-ge7itleman. De , I. oft/ie = ; 
J I Aj.-j iiitign. A la , 1. in the =; 2. 
') W<;--;en (mil.) ill tlie fleld ; eu 
.'In ?,; n rise ,m an open champaign. 
'Ilcr a la ,to go into tlte country; 
tii.Urc la , 1. II to scour tli^=^;'i,. 1 to 
N;<(< tli^ bash; S. % to be delirious; to 
-are; to be light-headed, ^flighty; 4. 
to grander; to wander from the 
point; ttre en , 1. (mil.) to be in the 
field; 2. (pers.) to be travelling ; faire 
In ,(\\n\.) to campaign; faire une , 
(mil.) 1. to serve a campaign ; 2. (nav.) 
to nerve <t voyage; mettre en , 1. 
(mil.) to bring into the fleld ; 2. to set 
(a. o.) to work ; se mettre en , 1. (mil.) 
to take tlis flld ; 2. (pers.) to set to 
XBork; ouvnr la (centre), (mil.) to 
take tlie fleld (against); tcnir ia , (mil.) 
to keep the field. 

CAMPAGNOL [kan-pa-gnol*] n. m. 

(mam.) (genus) vole; ^ meadaic-mouse. 

aquatiquc, water vole. 
CAMPANE [kan-pa-n] n. f. I. fringe 

(of silk and silver tliread, with small 

Dell-sliaiied ornaments); 2. (sculp.) or;t- 

mentdl tuft ; 3. (arch.) bell. 

CAMPANELLK [kan-pa-nj-l] n. C, 
CAMPANETTE [ kan-pa-ue-t ] n. C 

(bot.) bulbocodium. 

OAMPAMLE [kan-psni-l] n. m., 
CAMPANILLE [ kan-pa-ni-i* ] n. f. 

'ijcli ) camputiile. 
CAMPANULE [kftn-pa-nu-l] n. (bot) 

iMinpunuki ; 1 bell-fUmer. 

gantcloe, throat-wort; raiponce, 
i*i!npion bell-flower ; h fcuilles 
rjnUes, hare-hell. 

OAMPANULfi, E [kan-paru-It] adj. 

'"ot) campamdate. 

CAiMPfiCIIE [] n. m. (bot.) peach ij ; log-uood; olo.^d-icood. 

JJols de , campeachy tcood ; log- 
c^.d ; blood-wood. 

'.'.AMPEMENT [kin-p-man] n. m. 
;^rr.1i.) 'mjiitig ; encmnpment. 

CAMl KK [kAn.p<;] V. a. (mil.) to 
x:Tnp; to encamp. 

la q. . S, to leave a. o. in the lurch. 
SgCAMrKK, pr. v. 1. to place, to put 

l.' self: 2. t(i Meat u.'s selt'. 
CANIPKi:. V. M. 1. (iiiil.) to camp; 

to encamp; 2. to make but a short 

CAMPHORATA [kan-fo-ra-ta] n. r. 

CAMPHORIQUE [ kin-fo-ri-k ] adj. 

CAMPHKE [kan-fr] n. m. camphor. 

CAMPIIK, E [kaii-fr] adj. campho- 

CAMPIIR^E, n. (bot) campho- 

CAMPIIRER [kan fi4] V. a. to cam- 

CAMPIIRIER [kan-ftif] n. m. (bot) 

CAMPINE [kan-pi-n] n. (cuHn.) 
cam pine (fat young hen). 

CAMPOS [kan-p6] n. m. 1. ^ | lioli- 
day (in schools) ; 2. lioliday (relaxa- 

Donner , to give a .= ; prendre , 
to titke a =.. 

CAMUS, E [ka-mu, t] adj. 1. flaU 
nosed; 1 snub-nosed; 2. I (of noses) 
flat; 3. disappointed; 4. dum.- 

CANADIEN, NE [ka-na-di-In, en] adj. 


CANADIEN, p. n. m. NE, p. n. 

CANAILLE fka-na-i*] n. 1. rabble; 
mob ; 2. rascal; scoundrel ; 3. brats 

CANAL [ka-nai] n. m. 1. I channel 
(bed, course of a river) ; 2. \ canal (arti- 
ficial course of water); 3. jj cliannel (na- 
tural issue in the earth); 4. channel 
(of a th.); medium (of a. o.); means; 
5. (of aqueducts and water works) pipe ; 
conduit; tube; 6. (anat) canal ; duct; 
tube; 7. (bot) duct; channel; tube; 
S. (geog.) channel; 9. (mach.) spout; 
10. (water-mills) water-course. 

alimentaire, (anat) alimentary ca- 
nal, duct ; lateral, lateral =; ; roy- 
al, (1 Irlande, (geog.) Irish Channel; 
thoracliique, (anat) thoracic duct ; 
de clieminOo, chimney-flue ; de de- 
rivation, lateral, side drain ; d'iiTi- 
gation, =: /or irrigation ; de Saint 
Georges, (geog.) St George's Channel; 
de navigation, r=Lfor navigation; 
de nivi;an, dead =^ ; a point de par- 
tage, = tcith a dividing r-idge. Con- 
struction de canau.x, ==.-making ; navi- 
gation par canau.x, z^-navigation. Par 
le de ( V. senses) by tlie channel of; 
t/irough tlte mediiun of. Coupe, entre- 
coupe de canau.x, intersected with =; , 
ctablir un , to form a =; faire , 
(nav.) (in the Mediterranean) to cross a 

CANAL (LE) [is-ka-nai] p. n. m. (geog.) 
tte British Channel ; the Channel. 

Les ties du , the Channel Islands. 

CANALICULife, E [ka-na-li-ku-14] adj. 
(bot) channelled. 

CANALISATION [ka-na-li-ia-sion] n. 

CANALISER [^ka-na-li-z6] V. a. 1. to 
flU (a country) tcith canals; 2. to con- 
vert (a river) into a canal. 

CANAMELLE, [ka-na-mJ-l] n. (bot) 

CANAP6 [ka-na.p4] n. m. sofa. 

CANAPSA [ka-nup-ia] n. m. 1 1. knap- 
sack ; 2. person tluit carries a knap- 

CANARD [ka-nar] n. m. 1. (orn.) duck 
(male or female); 2. (orn.) (male) drake; 
8. 1 (pers.) duck (term of endearment) ; 
ducky ; Thick / 4. (th.) iuiaie ; 5. (nav.) 
pile-driver (bad ship). 

musqu6, (orn.) Muscovy duck; 
Drdinaire, (si)ecies) jn(iWur</ , petit , 
(term of endearment) duck ; ducky ; 
jeune sauvage, (orn.) flapper ; 
prive, 1. I tame =i; 2. decoy-dtick 
(person) ; eider, (orn.) eider, Cuth- 
bert = ; garrot, silfleur, (orn.) icid- 
geon. Cha-^se aux s, z=^-s)uioting ; 
(;iiasscr aux s, to shoot =s; donner 
dcs s il 1 , to hoax. 

CANARD, E [ka-nar, d] adj. t for 

Uritiment , vnav.) pile driver (bad 
ship); chien , water ipanielforduck- 

CANARDEAU [k-nar-dft] n. ir,<(mu 

1. duckling : 2. young drake. 
CANARDER [ka-nar-d] v. a. ^ to // 

a<(from a place when one is sheltered) 
to slioot. 

CANARDER, v. n. 1. ^ (mus.) to int- 
tate tlie cry of tlie duck ; 2. (nav.) la 
pitch deep. 

CANARDIERE [ka-nar-dii r] r i. 
place for catching tcild ducks ; 2 du'A- 
yard; 8. duck-gun ; 4. t loop-l^.c (h 

CANARI [k-nn-ri] n. m. (orn.) cctkI 
ry ; canary-bird. 

CANCAN fkan-kaii] n. m. l.tfltfw; 
poVier; 2. T ^ (pi.) tittle-tattle; 8 
s, (pi.) tale-bearing. 

Faire des s, to tittle-tattle. 

CANCANER [kan-ka-n] v. n. -j- to titr 

CANCAN-I ER [kan kn-ni] n. m. lERK 
[i-r] n. 1 lorei iftmic-tattle. 

CANCEL [kan i\\ n. m. 1 1. chancel; 

2. place wliere the great seal is kept. 
CANCELLER [ka .c-ii] v. a. J tc 


CANCER [kan-acr] n. m. 1. (astr.)ci(M- 
cer; tlie crab ; 1. {met\.) cancer. 

des ramoneurs, (med.) soot^wart 

CANC:^.REU-X, SE [kan-t*-rei, en ] 
adj. (med.) cancerous. 

itat , cancerousness ; tumeur caii- 
cereuse, scirrhosity ; ulceration cano;- 
reuse, canceration. Dc .enir , to cali- 
co rate. 

CANCRE [kan-kr] n. m. (carcin.) crab ; 

De , (did.) cancrine.' 

CANCRE, n. m. 1. $ poor-feUmc; % 
(in schools) dunce; 8. miser; churl; 

CANDiLABRE [kSn-d6-l*-br] u. m. 1. 
sconce ; 2. candelabrum, ; 8. (:tfc!i.) 

CANDEUR [kan-deur] n. f 1. purtUj ; 
2. candor ; fairness ; openness; fr'tii\ 

Avec , candidly; fairly; sftj'.' - 
l.tmcandid; unfair; 2. uucar.dt J-i jr -'^ 

CANDI, E [kan-di] adj. candied. 

CANDI [kandi] n. m. 1. candy : m 
gar-candy ; 2. candied fruit. 

CANDIDAT [kan-di-da] n. m. tc'fu-fi- 

Pei-sonne qui prcsente, propose un , 
(law) nominator; personne presents 
proposee comme , (law) nominee. 8c 
porter , se presenter comme (pourX 
to present, to offer o.'* self as z^/br; to 
'it(nid = ifor) ; to put up (Jbr-) ; tc 
stand ifor-). 

CANDIDATURE [kan-di-da-tu-r] n. t 
candidature ; candid ateship. 

CANDIDE [kan-di-d] adj. 1. pure; 2. 
4. candid ; fair ; open ; frank. 

Non, peu , uncandid. 

CANDIDEMENT rkan-di-d-mim] adv. 
\. purely ; 1. \. candidly ; fair-ly ; open- 
ly; frankly. 

CANDIR (SE) [iS-kan-dir] pr. V. tc 

Faire candir, to candy. 

CANE [kan] n. (orn.) duck (female). 

CAN:6FICIER [ka-n^n-ti*'] n. m. (bot) 
V. Cassk. 

CANEPETlftRE [ka-n p tiJ r] n. t 
(orn.) little bustard. 

CANfiPlIORE [ka-n-fo-r] n. (Gi. 
ant) canephore. 

CANEPIN [ka-n-pin] n. m. I. fl,)u: 
lamb-skin; 1. fine kid. 

CANESCENT, E [ka-ni-aan, t] tti\J. 

(bot) canescent. 

CANETON [k8-n-t6n] II. m. (>.rn)- 
duckling (male). 

CANETTE [ka-nis-t] n. 1. durklW.r^ 
(female); 2. litUe duck ; 3. (hei.) dutk 
toithout legs. 

CANEV.\S [ka-n-va] n. m. 1. || canriil 
(for tapestry, etc.); 2. ground-work 
sketch; outlines; 8. (of an air or pieot 
of music) canvas. 

CANEZOU [ka-n--n] n. m. i"-^ < 
(woman's); spencer. 

CANGR*:NE [kangrj-n] K G/-JJ 

CANICIIE [k-Di*h] n. m. tmai.i.i : 




oft jofitc i eu jeu ; eft jciine ; eH pcur ; an pan ; in pin ; on bon ; W7t brun ; *11 liq. ; 'gn liq. 

poodle ;" poodle-dog ; 2 uater-dog ; 

OANIGULAIUE [kn-ni-ku-ii-r] adj. ca- 

Jours s, =, dog-days. 

CANICULE [ka-ni-ku-n n. f. 1. (astr.) 
ttmicula ; camcule ; ^ dog-star ; 2. 

IJffls la , m the dog-days, fitre h 
A , to h( in the =:. 

CAN IF [ktt-nif] n. m. pen-knife; 

CANIN, E [ka-nin, i-n] adj. 1. % canine ; 
i (mat., med.J canine. 

Dent ( V. Dent). 

CANINE [ka-ni-n] n. f. 1. (pcrs.) ca- 
nine, dog toot/ ; 2. (of animals) fang ; 

CAJ^IVEAU [ka-ni.v6] n. m. (arch.) 

CANNAGE [ka-na-j] n. in. measuHng 
by the cane. 

CANNAIE [ka-nftj n. I" cane-hrake, 

CANNE [ka-n] n. f. 1. (bot) cane 
(reed); 2. can^; walking cane, stick; 
8. cane (measure). 

de jonc, Malacca cane; & 6p6e, 
sword-stick; d'Inde, des Indes. In- 
dian =-. h Sucre, sugar-=^ ; su<;3.r- 
reed; a vent, air-=z. Coups de , 
1. blmcs icith a stick; 2. caning ; jus, 
BUG de , =i-juice, liquor ; moulin a s 
a Bucre "i, stigar-mill ; ouvrage de , 
z=-work ; pomme de , head of a =z; 
rebut de , ^=-trash. De , ( V. senses) 
cany. Donner des coups de a, 1. to 
ttrike with a =^; % to cane; to give 

a. o.) a caning ; lever la sur q. u., to 
Uftv/p o.'s =; at a. o. ; recevoir des coups 
de , 1. to be struck with o = ; 2. to he 
oaned ; to get a caning. 

CANNEBERGE [ka-n-bfcr-j] n. f. (bot.) 
oran-herry ; inoor-berry. 

ponctU(ie, xMxe-Jierry. 
CANNELAS [ka-n-iajn. m. cinnamon 


CANNEL6, E [ka-n-!(S] adj. 1. chan- 
'telled.- 2. (.arch.) jiuted. 

CANNELER [ka-n 1] v. a. (arch.) to 
fiute; 2. (tech.) to groove. 

Machine a , key-groove cutting ma- 

CANNELLE [ka-nj-i] n. (bot) Hn- 
nani^n; cinnamon bark. 

blanche, canella ; fansse, base 
cinnamon ; girofloe, dove cinna- 
mon, ficorce de , =^-I>ark. 

it] n. f. faucet ; tap. 

CANNELLIER [k.nS lU] n. m. (bot) 
einnamon-tree ; cuuiai.on. 

de Cevlan, :=. 
CANNELURE [ka-n-Ifi-r] n. f. !../?<- 

ng: 2. (ixrv\\.) ftate, fluting ; 3. (bot) 
fluting ; 4. (tocli.) key-groove. 

Remr)lir les s d'ornements plus pe- 
tits, (arch.) to cable the flutings. 

CANNETILLE [ka-n-ti-i*] n. f. wire- 

CANNETTE [kaot-t] n. t faucet; 

CANNIBALE [] n. m. canni- 
bal; man-eater; (pi.) cannibals; 
nuin-e<iters ; anthropoplmgi. 

De , cnnnihal; en , like canni- 
bals, antluopophagi ; canjiibaUi/. 

CANON [ka-non] n. m. 1. (artil.) can- 
non, gun ; 2. (artil.) (collectively) care- 
ion. , guns ; 3. (of bellows) nose ; snout ; 
i (of drawers, trowsers) leg; 5. (of ftre- 
inns) I arret; 6. (of horses) canon; in- 
etep, bnank; 7. (of quills) barrel; a 
(art'i) pipe; 9. (man.) canon-bit; 10. 


Qtos , (print) canon ; petit , 
print) two lines English ; rubani, 
fordn, L rubaiis, twisted barrel ; do- 
o,harg6 de minute en minute, (artil.) mi- 
"lutc gun ; ray6, rifle barrel ; de 
tbnte, cast c-mnon ; de fusil, gnn- 
barrd ; de retraite, (nav.) stern- 
chase. Affu:, do , (artil.) gun-carri- 
age; Snie le . gun-barrel ; boulet 
le , cann. n ball, shot; clieville, bou- 
.uu qui traverse I'altiit du , bed-bolt; 
>>up de , gun-slwt; gun ; coup dc 
lo iliaiie, qun-fire (In the ni rninfi) 

de retraite, (mil.) gun-fire (in the even- 
ing) ; instrument a braqucr un , (ar- 
til.) brake ; portee de , cannon, gun- 
shot. A , (of Are arms) barrelled ; a 
double, double-barrelled ; k ray6, 
(of Are arms) rifle-barrelled ; k Teprcuve 
du , cannon-proof; a portee de , 
tcithin gun-shot ; hors de la portee du 
, out of gun-shot. Braqucr un , to 
level a cannon, gun ; dccharger un , 
to fire off a cannon, gun ; enclouer un 
, to spike a cannon, gun; etre k la 
portee du , to betoithin cannon, gun- 
shot; etre hors de la portee du , to be 
beyond Vie range of cannon ; fondre le 
, to cast cannon ; tirer un , to dis- 
charge, to fire, to fire off a cannon, 

CANON, n. m. 1. (eccl.) canon; 2. 
canon (law, rule) ; 8. canon (boolcs of 
scripture admitted as divine); 4 canon 
(catilogue of saints) ; 5. canon [y>i the 
mass); 6. (chron.) canon; 7. t (law) 
rent; 8. (mus.) canon. 

empliyteotique, (law) ground-rent. 
Droit , 'canon law. Chanter en , 
(mus.) to troll. 

CANONIAL, E [ka-no-ni-al] adj. 1. } 
canonical; 1. prebendal. 

Heures es, canonical Jwurs ; vie 
e, ^ life, 

[Canomal has no m. pi. J 

CANONICAT [kn-no-ni-ka] n. m. 1. I 
canonicate; canonship ; canomy ; 2. 

CANON ICITi: [ka-no-ni-8i-t] n. f. ca- 

Non , uncanonicalness. 

CANON IQUE [ka-no-ni-k] adj. canoni- 

Non , nncanonical. Livres b, ca- 
nonical books. 

CANON IQUEMENT [ka-no-ni-k-man] 
adv. canonicully. 

CANONISATION [ka-no-ni-M-.idn] n. 
f. canonization. 

CANON ISER [ka-no-ni-z] V. a. 1. to 
canonize; 2. to consecrate. 

Canonisk, e, pa. p. V. senses of Cano- 


Non , 1. uncanonized; 2. unconse- 

CANONISTE [ka-no-nU-t] n. m. cano- 

CANONNADE [ka-no-na-d] n. f. can- 

CANONNAGE [ka-no-na-j] n. m. gun- 

CANONNER [ka-no-n] V. a. to can- 
nonade; to batter with ordnance. 

Se CANONNER, pr. V. to cannonode. 

CANONNIEE [ka-no-nis] n. m. gu7i- 

servant, (nav.) m,atross. Apprenti 
, gunster ; maitre , Tnaster-gunner ; 
second maitre , gunner's mate. de 
mer. ship's gunner. 

CANONNIERE [ka-no-niJ-r] n. f. 1. t 
loop-hole (in walls) ; 2. t gunners'" tent ; 
3. pop-guix ; 4. (nav.) gun-boat. 

CANOT [ka-no] n. m. (nav.) 1. ship's 
boat; boat; cutter; 2. barge. 

Grand , lo7ig boat ; grand du ca- 
pitaine, /)inrtce/ petit , {nnv.)jolly- 
=. de ronde, guard-^:^; de i)ara<le, 
barge ; de sauvetage, life-:=.. Gardien 
de , r^-keeper. 

CANOTIER [] n. m. (nav.) ]. 
boat-keeper ; 2. bargeman ; 3. barger ; 

CANTABILE [kan-ta-bi-I] n. m.(mus.) 
cantabile ; cantab. 

CANTABRE [ kan-ta-bi- ] adj. (anc. 
geog.) Cantabrian. 

Monts s, (geog.) =: Mountains. 

CANTABRE, p. n. m. f. Canta- 

CANTAL [kan-t!] n. m. cantal (Au- 
vergne cheese). 

CANTALABRE [ kan-ta-la-br ] n. m. 
(build.) casing. 

CANTALOUP [kiin-ta-lou] n. m. (hort) 
cantaloup (melon). 

CANTATE [kan-ta-t] n. f. (mus.) can- 

CANTATILLE [ kan-ta-ti-i* ] n. t 
(mus.) cantotilla. 

CANTATRICE [kin-ta irUl n. I pro- 

fessional, public singer (female singti 
fey profession); singer. 

CANTHARIDE [kan-ta-ri-d] n. f. 1 
{ent) cantharis ; Spanish fly ; blister^ 
fly, beetle ; blistering fly ; 2. (pharm.) 
s, (pi.) cantharides ; Spanish files. 

CANT1IU8 [kin-tu.] n. m. (anat.) can- 

CANTILilNE fkan-t !4-n] n. f (ir.a,\; 
cantilena ; melody. 

CANTINE [kan-ti-n] n. C 1. botatr 
case; 2. (mil.) canteen. 

CANTIN-IER [kan-u-nii;] n. m. lEKK 
[J-r] n. f. sutler ; canteen-woman. 

CANTIQUE [kan-ti-k] n. m. -j- canU- 
cle; song. 

des s, canticles ; Solomons song, 
song of songs. 

CANTON [kan-ton] n. m. 1. canton; 

2. canton (in Switzerland) ; 3. (in Walea^ 
cantred ; 4. (her.) canton. 

Diviser en s, 1. to canton; to can 
tonize; 2. (inil.) to canton. 

CANTONADE [kan-to-na-d] n. f. } 
(theat) interior oftlie slips. 

Tarler a la ,to speak to a. o. behind 
Vie scerves. 

CANTONAL, E [kan-to-na!] adj. cfl-n, 

CANTONN:^, E [kan-to-n] adj. 1. 
(arch.) cantoned ; 2. (her.) cantoned : 

3. (mil.J cantoned. 

CANTONNEMENT [kan-to-n-man] n. 
m. (mil.) cantonment. 

CANTONNER [kan-to-nfe] V. a. (mil.) 
to canton. 

Sb cantonnee, pr. v. to fortify o.' 

CANTONNER, v. n. (mil ) to be can- 

Faire , to canton. 

CANTONNIEE [ kan-to ni ] u uu 

CANTONNIEHE [Kan-to-nii r] u f 
valance (of bed or windows). 

CANULE [ka-nu-1] n f. t ^of csxk.-' 
\>T0a\\6i\) faucet ; 2. (of syringes) i-'ltftr 
ter-pipe ; 3. (surg.) canula. 

CANZONE [kaa-io-n] n. (m:iE ) 'Xin- 

CAOLIN [ka-o-iin] n. m. V. Kaolin. 

CAOUTCHOUC [ka-out-.hou] n. m. 1. 
caoutchouc; India rubber; 2. (bot) 
caoutchouc-tree ; gum-tree. 

CAP [kap] n. m. 1. + liead; 2. (;,'cg.) 
cape; Ivead-land; 3. (nav.) head^ 

Le Lozard (geog.) Lizard Point. 
De pied en , cap a pie. Avoir, porter 
le ft..., (nav.) to bear, head to, to- 
wards Ou est le ? (nav.) hoiti 

winds the ship ; how is the head t 

CAPABLE [ka-pa-bi] adj. 1. capable; 
able ; 2. (de, of) capable ; 3. (de) capa- 
ble (of) ; qualified (for) ; 4. (de, to) qua- 
lified ; able ; 5. (th.) (de, to) likely ; ^ 
calculated; 6. (law) capable; quali- 

1. Ouvriers , able vforhntn. 2. fttre de 
t-:ut, to be capable of any thing. 3. Cette ohambro 
est de contenir deux cents persoiines, this room 
is capable of h'tiding two hundred persons. 4. .(' 
r^sister a la violence des flots, able to resist th* 
vio'ence of the waves. 

Avoir, prendre I'air , to hare, to as- 
sume an air of ability ; faire le , to 
pretend to ability ; rendre , 1. to 
make, to render =:; 2. (de) to capaci>- 
tute (for, to). 

CAPABLEMT:NT [ka-pab'Sman] adv. 
% capably ; ablu. 

CAPACITY '[ka-im-.i-td] n. 1. (th.) 
capacity (space) ; capaciousness ; & 
(pers.) capacity; capability; suffioL 
ency ; 3. (com., nav.) burden; i. (dill 
capacity ; 5. (seom.) capacity ; 6. (Ik 1J 
competency ; 7. (nav.) bulk. 

D6faut, privation de lega'e, (If.w) 
incapacitation. Qui a la ^oulue, 
(law) sufficient. 

CAPARAgON [ka-pa-ra ion] n. m. co- 

CAPARAgONNER [ka-pa-ra-.o-B4] V 
a to caparison. 

CAPE [ka-p^ n. L cloak wU/i a 
hood; 2. rid mg -hood ; 3. (nav.) tfj- 
sail ; 4. (nav.) (of anchors) stock. 

N'avoir quo la et Tepee, 1. (pcrr.) a 
\are not/una but o.'s nobility ; 8- (to.* 




a mal ; d miile ; e fee ; e fo vc Kte ^ je ; t il ; t ile ; o mol ; 6 mole ; 6 mort ; ?t sue ; & sure ; ok jour ; 

to hcMmsy. tre a la , (nav.) to tni ; 
fctie ft la h sec, (nav.) to be ahvll. 

CAPPER rkii-p-] V. n. (nav.) io try. 

GA PELAN [ka-p-lau] n. m. 1. t sorn/ 
pritJt ; 2. (ich!) capemn ; pmcer cod- 

CAPELET [kn-p-le] n. m. (vet) capel- 
M; capped hoc}c. 

CAPELINE [ka p li-n] n. t Iroad- 
^Hnvmed hat (for women). 

CAPENDU [kft-pan da] n. m. capender 
Vort of apple). 
CAPEKON [kfl-p-r6n] n. m. V. Ca- 


CAP]5;TIEN, NE [, *-n] adj. 
Vapetian (descended from Ilugli Capet). 

CAPILLAIEE [ka-pU-U-r] adj. 1. hair- 
shaped; 2. (did.) capillary. 

Vaisseau , (anat.) capUlary. 

CAPILLAIEE, n. m. 1. (anat.) capil- 
lary; 2. (bou) (genus) maiden-hair; 
maiden's hair ; 3. (bot.) Veniis's hair. 

du Canada, (bot.) Canadian mai- 
if en-hair; de Montpellier, (bot.) Ve- 
nus's hair. Sirop de , capiUoire. 

CAPILOTADE [ ka-pi-io-ta-d ] n. f. 
(culin.) hash of cooked meat. 

CAPITAINE [ka-pi-tJ-n] n. m. 1. cap- 
tain; 2. (mil., nav.) captain. 

general, captain general ; mar- 
chtiid, (nav.) master of a merchant- 
ehio. d'arines, (nav.) master at arms; 

<\e cavalerie, captain of horse ; de 
coJTette, (nav.) := and commander ; 
au long cours, (nav.) z=. of a mei-chant 
nu:n going toforeignpdrts, to the East 
Iiulieis, to the West Indies; de fre- 
gn'./5, (nav.) master and commander ; 

(Vinfanterie, = of foot ; de pavil- 
JoJ\, (nav.)./?a(?-=; de port, harbor- 
nyuter ; de vaisseau, (nav.) post =. 
Fl ice de , captaincy ; captainsMj) ; 
talent de grand , captainship. 

CAPITAINEEIB [ka-pi-t^-n-ri] n. f. 

CAPITAL, E [ka-pi-tal] adj. 1. capi- 
tal; principal; chief; 2. (of crimes, 
,'nnishment) capital; 8. (of enemies) 
'nortal ; deadly , 4. (of letters) capital. 

Passible de la peine e, capital. D"un 
.'sime , cajdtally ; de la peine e, 
oipitally. Mottre q. u. en jugement 
j>our crime , to try a. o.for a capital 
orime,for his life. 

CAPITAL, n. m. 1. capital point; 
pi-incipal thing; 2. (com.) capital; 
principal; 3. (com.) capitcd ; 4. (com.) 
(of companies or partnerships) capital- 
stock ; 5. (book-k.) stock ; 6. (fin.) cajn- 
tal ; 7. (pel. econ.) capital. 

Capitaux, 1. (com.) capital; stock; 2. 
(fln.) capital; 8. (pol. econ.) capital; 
des capitaux abondants, de grands capi- 
taux, (com.) a large capital; clrcu- 
knt, rouiant, (com.) circulating, fioat- 
in{j = ; mort, = lying dead ; de pe- 
tits capitaux, (com.) s-n^aU =; social, 
(com.) =:-stocfc Mettre, placer un i\ 
Ibnds perdu, perdus, en viager, to sink a 
= ; perdre des capitaux, (com.) to sink 
s=; rembourser le , to reimburse, to 
pay off the =^, principal. 

CAPITALE [ka-pi-ta-l] n. f. 1. capi- 
tal; capitid, chief city ; 2. capital; 
capital letter. 

Grande , large capital ; petite , 
tmall =. Dans la , in the = ; in town. 
Aller a la , to go to tlie =, to town ; 
^ to go up to toton. 

CAPITALISTE [ca pi-u-liB-t] n. m. 1. 
capitalist; moneyed i7idi/vidual ; 2. 

Int6rct des s, moneyed interest. 

CAPITAN [ka-pi-tan]" n. m. 1. hector; 
- bully; 1. Br.'zilian governor and 

CAPITANE [ka-pi-ia-n] n. f. t first 
ycMey of a fleet. 

CAPITATION [kn-pi-tA ioni n. f. 1. 
fin England) poll-money ; poll-tax ; 2. 
Mil Franco) capitation; capitation- 

CAPITEU-X, 8E [ka-pi-teii, eu-z] adj. 

(<f spirituous liquors and wines) heady. 

tre , to be-=\ to get into a'a head. 

CAPITOLE [ks-pitj-l] n. m. 1. (Kom. 
hirit.) Capitol ; 2. (of the United States) 


OAPITOLIN [kn-pi-io-lln] p. n. m. 
(Eoin. hist.) Capitoline ; Capitolinus. 

(\\PITON [ka-pi-ion] n. m. (com.) 

OAPITOUL [ka-pi-toul] n. m. t capi- 
toul (municipal officer of Toulouse.) 

CAPITOULAT [ka-pi-tou-Ift] n. m. o/- 
fici' of capitoul. 

CAPITULAIEE [kn-pi-iu-le-r] adj. ca- 

Lettre , chapter. 

CAPITULAIEE, n. m. 1. capitulary 
(laws of an ecclesiastical council); 2. 
(hist, of France) capitulary (laws in 

man] adv. capitidivlv. 

CAPITULANT [ij pi-tu-lan] adj. /trtt;- 
ing a vote in a chapter. 

CAPITULANT, n. m. capitulary 
(member of a chapter.) 

CAPITULATION [ko-pi-tu-li-sion] n. 
f. 1. (mil.) capitulation ; articles of con- 
dition ; 2. capitulation ; 3. (German 
hist.) capitulation. 

Dresser une , dresser les articles 
d'une , to draw up a capitulation ; 
to draw up articles ofzzi ; tenir une , 
to observe a =. 

CAPITULE [ka-pi-tu-i] n. m. 1. (bot.) 
capntulum ; 2. (lit,) capitule. 

CAPITULEE [ka-pi-tu-1^] V. n. 1. 
(mil.) to capitulate ; to make articles 
of condition , 2. to capitidate. 

avec sa conscience, to compromise 
with one's conscience. 

CAPLAN [ka-piAn] n. m. (ich.) V. Ca- 


CAPON [ka-p5n] n. m. 1. X hypocrite ; 
2. -r- cheat (at play) ; 8. ^W coicard. 

CAPON, n. m. (nav.) cat; stock- 

CAPONNER [ka-po-n] V. n. 1^^ 1. 
to cheat (at play) ; 2. to shoio o.'s self a 
ccncard ; to show the white feather. 

CAPONNER, v. a. (nav.) to cat (the 

CAPONNliRE [ka-po-nii-r] n. f. (fort) 
caponniere ; covered lodgment. 

CAPOEAL [ka-po-ral] n. m. 1. (mil.) 
corporal (of infantry) ; 2. (nav.) corpo- 

de consigne, (mil.) =: who gives out 
the countersign ; de pose, = wfto 
places the sentinels at their post. 

CAPOT [ka-po] adj. 1. (play) capot: 
2. % foolish (confused.) 

Demeurer, etrc , to look foolish ; to 
be balked; faire , 1. (nav.) to cant; 
2. (nav.) (of boats, vessels) to U2)set ; to 
capsize ; 3. (play) io capot. 

CAPOT, n. m. (nav.) (of ladders, 
pumps) Jiood. 

<l'echelle, (nav.) companion. 

CAPOTE [ka-po-t] n. f. 1. cajMt ; cloak 
tcith a hood ; 2 cloak (women's) ; maii- 
tle ; 3. close bonnet; 4. (of can-iages) 
hood ; 5. (mil.) frock-coat; 6. (mil.) 
guard, icatch-coat. 

CAPRAIEE [ka-prJ-r] n. t .bot) ca- 
jyraria ; goat-weed. 

theiforme, swect-^ceed. 
CAPEE [ka-pr] n. f. (bot) caper. 

capucine, pickled nasturtiutn. 
Sauce au s, caper sauce. 

CAPE ICE [ka-pri-.] n. m. 1. caprice; 
caprice; ^ whim; ^ freak; 2. (fine 
arts) caprice ; 8. (mus.) vohmtary. 

CAPEICIEUSEMENT [ka-pri-ii-cu-z- 
manl adv. capriciously ; ^T" whimsi- 

CAPEICIEU-X, SE [ka-pri-.i-eu,z1 adj. 
capricious; ^whimsical; ^freakish. 

Caract^re , humeur capricieuse, ca- 
priciousness ; *[ whimsicabiesa ; ^ 

CAPRICORNE [kn-pri-kr-n] n. m. 1. 
(ent) Capricorn; capricorn-beetle ; 
goat-claifer : 2. (astr.) Capricorn. 

CAPlilEK [k.i-pri] n. m. (bot) ca- 
per; caper-hush; caper-tree. 

Faux , fabago. 

CAPEISANT [ka-pri-zan] adj. m. (med.) 
(of the pulse) caprizant ; violent ana 

CAPEON, CAPEEON [ka-prtn] n. m. 
large strawberry. 

CAPGELLE [ka|>-a.l] n. t (bot) cass- 

weed ; 1 shepherd's pouch ,' \ thtp 
herd'f, purse. 

CAPSULAIEE [kap-,u-ie-r] adj. L 
(anat) capsular; capsulary ; 2. (bcti 
capstdar; capsidary. 

CAPSULE [kap..u-i] n. f. 1. (s='.V, 
capstda ; capsule ; 2. (bot) capsule ; H 
(chem.) capsule; 4. (of fli-e-arms) cip 
side; cap. 

d'arnie a feu, priming ^.apcu^e : 
de fusil a percussion, percussion \:tij\ 
Enferme dans une , capsulated. 

CAPTAL [kap-ial] n. m. + (hibu cf 
France) captal (chief). 

CAPTATEUE [kap-t-tenr] n. m. ^ 
'law) perso7i wlio uses u,ndue influence. 

CAPTATION [kapUBion] n.' (law) 
indue influence. 

CAPTATOIEE [kap-ta-toa-rl adj. (law) 
relating to a testamentary disposition 
colorably made in favor of a party, as 
an inducement to su^h party to make 
some testameidary disposition in fa- 
vor of the person or his relations. 

CAPTEE [kp-i^] v. a. 1. (b. s.) to 
captivate; 2. (law) to exercise undue 
influence over. 

Capte, e, pa. p. 1. (b. 8.) captivated ; 
2. (law) unduly influenced. 

Non , uncaptivated. 

CAPTIEUSEMENT [kap-ti-eu-z-man] 
adv. captiously. 

CAPTIEU-X, SE [kap-ti-ed, z] adj. cap- 

CAPTI-F, VE [kap-tif, i-v] adj. B cap- 

Faire , 1. J to take captive; 2. to 

CAPTI-F, XL m. VE, n. (de, to) 

Faire im , to take a =. 

CAPTIVEE [kap-ti-v*] V. a. J 1. fc 
captivate; to take captive; 2. to cty,*J- 
vate (to charm) ; 3. to subject; to bt'i'UJ 
under subjection. 

Vouloir' q. n., (V. sensc:^) ^ (u 
women) to set o.'s cap at a. o. 

Captive, e, pa. p. captivated. 

Non , uncaptivated. 

Se captiver, pr. v. to bring o'li self 
under subjection. 

CAPTIYITii [kap-tl-Ti-tf] n. C S ca/ 

Compagnon, comp.-jgne de , feUow 
captive, -prisoner. Sort r do , to b< 
released from cajytivity. 

CAPTUEE [kap-iu-r] n. | capture. 

Auteur d'une , captor ; faire do, 
to capture ; to catcJi; to seize ; to ap 
prehend ; to arrest; faire une , to 
make a capture. 

CAPTUEEE [kap-tu-r4] v. a. 1. to an- 
prehend (a. o.); to arrest; ^ to tak<' 
uj) ; 2. (mil.) to capture. 

C A PUCE [ka-pu-s] n. , 

CAPUCllON [ka-pu-sbon] n. m. 1. 
hood (covering for the head); 2. (ol 
monks) coid; hood; 8. (bot) cowl; 

A , 1. with a = ; flooded ; 2. cowled, 
hooded ; en , I. in a ^, 2. hooded; 
cowled ; 8. (bot) cmrled ; hooded; sans 
, unhooded; uncowled. Couvrird'u 
, to hood. 

CAPUCIIONNl!;, E [ka.pu.8ho.n] sdj 
(bot) con led ; hooded. 

CAPITCnONNEE [ka-pu-.lio.n] V. a 
(man.) to arch o.'s neck. 

CAPUCIN [ka-piiiii] n. m. (rel WiL) 
capuchin ; C(ipuchi?i friar. 

CAPUCINADE [ka-pu-i-Da-d]n. u'k: 

CAPUCINE [kapu-ain] n. 1. (rol 
ord.) capuchi)! nun ; capuchin ; %. 
(bot) nasturtium; Indian cress; 2 
nos" smart; 8. (gun.) ring' (of musketfi), 

Bouton, graini! de , nasturtium. 

CAPUCINi:feEE r] a. 
(b. 8.) capuchin friah/. 

CAPUT-MOETUUM [ka-pnt-sa- xvos.\ 
n. m. t (chem.) capiit-mortunm. 

CAQUAGE [ka-ka-j] n. in. 1. eurinf) 
(of finh); 2 barrelling (of powder). 

CAQUE [ka-k] n. 1. keg ; 2. barret 
(of powder). 

La sent toujonrs le hareng ^^ 
what is bred in the bone will eii(t 
cc^ite ovt 'fthtf^K 




o&joata; eujon; eiljcdne; Apcur; drapan; In pin; ore bon mm. brun; ll liq. , *gn llq. 

CAQUER [kfl-k] V. a. 1. to cure 
(flsli): 4. to barrel (tisli, powder). 

CA(iUET [k.ike] n. in. 1.11 (of hens, 
geese) cackle ; 2. (pers.) pnite ; prat- 
tle ; chit-chat ; S 8, tittle-UMe, 

bon bee, 1. t^W may pie ; 1. idle 
go.isip (womai)- N'avoir quo (hi , to 
he all talk ; avoir trop dc , to talk too 
much ; rabaisser, rabattre Ic de q. ii., 
\W to make a. o. loioer his tone. 

CiiQUETAGE [kn-k-m-j] n. m. 1. II (of 
Una) cackling; % (pcrs.) prating; 
iirate; prattling ; prattle; ticattling ; 
9. (pers.) tittle-tattle. 

CAQUETE [ka-k6-t] n. f. carp-tub. 

CAQUETEK [ka-k-tfj v. ii. 1. || (of 
hens, geese) to cackle ; 2. (b. s.) (pcrs.) 
t) cackle; to prate; to prattle; 3. 
(pers.) to tittle-tattle. 

Ponle qui caquettc, cackler. 

CAQUETEKIE [k.i-kf-t-rl] n. f. ^ 
(pers.) 1. prating; prate; prattle; 
chit-chat; 2. tittle-tattle. 

CAQUETEU-K [ka-k-tefir] n. m. SE 
[cn-i] n. f. ^ prater ; prattler. 

CAQUEU-K [ka-keiir] n. m. SE [ci-z] 
n. f. person that barrets fish. 

CAH [kar] conj./or; because. 

OAIJABE [ka-ra-b6] n. m. yellow am- 

CARABIN [ka-ra-bin] n. ID. 1. + Skir- 
misher; 2. skirmisher (pl ayer that 
plays and quits the game) ; 3. jp^ (b. s.) 
saw-bones (medical student). 

CARABINE [] n. f. 1. ca)-- 
hine ; carabine; 2. (mil.) rifle. 

CABABINfi, E [ka-m-bi-nd] adj. (nav.) 
(of a gale of wind) stiff. 

CARABINEll [ka-ru-bi-n4] y. a. to rifle 
(a gun-baiTcl). 

CAKABINER, v. n. 1. 1 to skirmish; 2. 
to skirmish (to play and quit the game). 

CARABIN lEU [ka-ra-bi-niS] n. m. 1. 
carabineer; 2. rifleman; (pi.) ryie- 
men ; rifles, pi. 

A pied, rifleman; {\t\.) riflemen ; 


CARACO [kn-ra ko] n. m. + caraco 
(v7on:an"8 dress). 

CARACOLE [ka-r.vkc-i] n. f. (man.) 

Faire des s, (man.) to caracole. 

CARACOLEIi [ka-m-ko l] v. n. (man.) 
.'0 caracole. 

CARACOULER [karo-kou-l^] v. n. (of 
male pigeons) to coo. 

CARACTfeRE [ka-rak-te-r] n. m. 1. 1 

cliaracter (mark, hgure) ; 2. 1 character 
(letter used in writing); 3. || hand- 
ier iting ; writing; 4:.i charm; spell; 
5. character ; quality ; capacitij ; G. 
characteristic ; 7. character ((ii.stinc- 
tivo qualities of manners or mind) ; S. 
character (representation of personal 
qualities) ; 9. temper ; 1 0. spirit 
(ardor, courage); ; deci- 
sion ; 11. (of the features, physiognomy) 
exjyression ; expressive air ; 12. (aritli.) 
digit; 13. (print.) type; print; 14. (sci- 
ences) character. 

8. Li'S do La BruyJre, the ciiavacters -/ La 
tt M-e. 

d6cld6, decision of character ; 
egal, even temper ; neuf, 1. neic type; 
2. (print.) silver type ; propre, char- 
acteriitic; temper. Fondeur de s, 
(printing) letter founder ; homme de , 
man of decision. De , ( V. senses) of 
spirit ; high-spirited ; dans son , ( V. 
senses) in =. ; par , constitutionally ; 
aans ,( V. senses) (pcrs.) m,ean-spiriied. 
Avoir du , to be spirited ; 2. to have 
d^usion, firmness, resolution; avoir de 
L'\ loidenr dans 'e , to be of an un- 
h^Aing ; avoir le bien, inal fait, to 
tf jood, ill tempered ; prendre le de. 
fo assume; reconnaitre soi , to re- 
QC\fn'ize o.'s hand-writing; writing; 
SO.;tir de son , to los6 o.'s temper ; ^ to 
jel out of temper ; ne pas sortir de son 
, not to lose o.'s temper ; to be in the 
:arne temper; faire sortir q. u. de son 
, to put a. o. out of temper. 

CARACTfiRISEii [ka-rak-t6-ri-2<5] V. a. 

'v characterize. 

CARACT^RISTIQUE [ka-rak-t-ri.- 
Wk] adj. characteristic. 

littrc , (gram.) characteHstic ; 

signe , = ; trait . . D'une manidre 
, characteristicalli/. 

CARACTI;:RISTI(JUE, n. r 1. (gram.) 
characteristic; 2. (math.) character- 
istic; 3. (matli.) (of logaritlims) index. 

CARAFE [ka-ra-i] n. f. decanter 

CARAFON [ka-ra-fon] n. m. 1. cooler 
(vase); 2. decanter (in a cooler); 3. (at 
eating-houses) quarter of a bottle. 

CARAGNE [ka-ra-gi.*] n. C (com.) ca- 

CARAGNE, adj. % ofcaranna. 

Gomme , (com.) caranna. 

CARAlBE, p. n. m. f. Oarib. 

CARAlTE, n. m. Caraite (Jewish sec- 

CARAMBOLAGE [ka-ran-bo-laj] n. m. 
(bil.) cannon. 

Faire un to cannon ; to make a 

(bil.) to cannon ; U make a cannon. 

CARAMEL [ka-ra-nici] n. m. caramel. 

Cerises au , candied cherries; 
odeur de , caramel. 

CARAMi;LISEI{ [ka m-ine.Ii.z6] V. a. 
to reduce (sugar) to caramel. 

CARAPACE [ka-ra-pa-8] n. f. (of tor- 
toises) cra/)at' / callapanh; callapee. 

CARAQUE [ka-ra-k] n. f. (nav.) carac. 

CARAT [ka-ra] n. m. 1. (gold., jewel.) 
carat ; 2. (pld) carat (part of fine gold) ; 
3. small diamonds .Hold by weight. 

CARAVANE [ka-ra-va-n] n. f. 1. I 

caravan (persons travelling in the East) ; 
2. body ; troop ; band. 

Faire scs , to lead a dissipated 
life ; to play o.'s pra nks. 

CARAVAN lER [ka-ra- va-ni^] n. m. 
leader of a caravan. 

RAIL [ka-ra-van--rai*] n. m. caravan- 

CARAVELLE [krn-vJ-i] n. f. (nav.) 
carvel; caravel. 

CARBATINE [kar-ba-ti-n] n. f. 1. 
green skin ; 2. green hide. 

CARBON A RO [kar-bo-na-ro] n. m. -:ar- 

CARBONATE [kar bo-na-t] n. m. 
(chem.) carbonate. 

CARBONCLE [kar-bon-ki] n. m. t 1. 
(min.) carbu/ticle; 2. (med.) carbuncle. 

CARBONE [kar-bo-n] n. m. (clicm.) 

carbon:^, E [knr-bo-u{] adj. (chem.) 

CARBONEU-X, SE [kar-bo-neu, eu-z] 

adj. (chem.) carbonous. 

CARBONIQUK [kr-bo-ni-k] adj. 
(chem.) carbonic. 

CARBONISATION [kar-bo-ni-zii-.ion] 
n. f. (chem.) carbonization. 

CARBONISER [kar-bo-ni-zf] V. a. 
(chem.) to carbonize ; to char. 

CARBONNADE [kar-bo-na-d] n. C 

(culin.) carbonade. 

CARBURE [kar-bu-r] n. m. (chem.) 

CARCAN [kar-kan]' n. m. 1. carcan 
(punishment) ; 2. carcanet (necklace). 

CARCASSE [kar-ka-8] n. f. 1. carcass 
(of a dead animal) ; 2. ^^ (b. s.) (jest.) 
carcass (of the human body); 8. (of 
poultry) body ; 4. skeleton (lean person 
or animal) ; 5. (arch.) shell ; 6. (arts^ 
fraine-work ; 7. (build.) shell ; 8. (nav.) 

CARCINOLOGIE [kar-.i-no-lo-ji] n. f. 
(did.) carcinology. 

CARCINOMATEU-X, SE [kar-si-no- 
ma-teu, z] adj. (med.) carcinomatous. 

CARCINOME [kar-si-no-m] n. m. (med.) 

CARDAGE [kar-dn-j] n. m. (a. & m.) 

CARDAMINE [kar-da-mi-n] n. f. (bot.) 
cardamine ; ^ lady^s smock. 

des pros, cuckoo-flower ; cuckoo- 
flower cress. 

CARDAMOME [kar-da-mo-m] n. m. 
(bot) cardainom; cardamom-tree. 

CARDASSE [kar-da-.] n. f. V. Nopal. 

CARDE [kar-djn. f. 1. (a. & m.)card; 
2. (bot.) chard. 

mecaniqne, (a. x m.) card-engine ; 

CARDE-rOIRl^:E [knr-d-iK;-r<] II. C, 
pi. s, (hort.) chard of beet. 

CARDER [kar-dej v. a (a. & m.) to 

Macliinc a , card-engine ; carder. 

CARDERE [kaid^-r] a. (bot) 
(genus) teasel. 

cultivce, a bonnetier, !\ fo. Ion, =. 
CARDEU-R ^ar-Ufir] L. nu SE [if e] 

n. (a. & m.) carder. 

en fin, (ip'm.) finisher. 
CARI)IALGIE[kar-di-al-ji] n. (mHl) 

cardidlgia ; ', heart-burn. 

CARDIAQUE [kar-di-a-k] adj. 1. (anrit.) 
cardiac ; cardiacal; 2. (mod.) cardiac; 

CARDIAQUE, n.m. (med.) cardiac. 

CARDIEH [kar-dii] n. m. (sta.) card- 

CARDINAL [kar-di-iinl] n. m. 1. car- 
dinal; 2. (orn.) cardinal. 

CARDINAL, E, adj. 1. cardinal; 2. 
(astr.) cardinal; 8. (goog.) cardinal; 
4. (gram.) cardinal. 

CARDINALAT [kar-di-na-la] n. ni. 
cardinalate ; cardinuls/Jp. 

CARDLNALE [kar-di-na-i] n. (bot) 

CARDINE [kar-di-n] n. (icli.) ichiff 

CARDIORIIEXIE [kar-diorek-si] n. f 
(mod.) rupture of the heart. 

CARDl 1']5;R1CARD1TE [kardi-pd-ri- 
kar-di-i] n. (mod.) inflammation ofthn 
heart and pericardium. 

CARDITE [kardi-i] n. {mod.) cardi- 

CARDON [kar-doii] n. in. I. (bet) car- 
doon ; 2. (crust.) shrimp. 

CARDONNETTE [kar-doni-i] n. V. 

CARfiME [ka ri-in] n. m. lent. 

La mi- , j)h'i,'=. Arriver commo 
n)arce en , to come very apropos; 
faire, observer le , to keep =; ; mettrc 
le bien liaut I. to require ichat is dif- 
ficult; 2. to promise ichat is diiiant; 
roin]ire le , romjire , to cease keep- 
ing z^ ; v. nir comme Mars en , to ft:i 
sure to come in due time. Lo col 
has, =: begins early ; lo est liant, 
begins late. 

CaUEMK-PKENAXT [ka-ri-m-prj-niin] n. 
m., pi. , 1. Shri>ve-t!de; 2. Shrooc 
Tuesday ; 8. Shrove-tide reveller. 

CARENAGE [ka-rt-na-j] n. m. (nav.) 

CARENCE [ka-rin-B] n. % (law) at- 
sence of assets. 

CAR^NE [ka-rJ-n] n. L (nav.) keel; 
bottom; 2. (nav.) careen; careening; 
3. (bot) carina ; 1 keel. 

En , en forme dc , keel-shaped. 
Abattre, mettre en , (nav.) to careen ; 
to lay on careen; donner la, uiio a, 
donncr a, (nav.) to careen ; to lay on 

CX^t^% E, CARINA, E [ka-r6-n*, 

ka-ri-n6] adj. (bot) ocirinated ; ^ keeled ; 
^ keel-'thaped. 

CARlfeNER [ka.r-n6] V. a. (nav.) to 

CARESS A NT, E [ka-rj-an, I] adj. 1. | 
care.ssing ; 2. || {of animals) fa icnitig ; 
3. (b. s.) (pcrs.) fawning. 

D"une maniere c, 1. caressingly ; 2. 

CARES'SE [ka-r^-.] n. 1. II S caress; 

2. endearment ; 8. (of animUs) 
fawning; 4. (b. s.) (pers) f':w nir g ; 

Faire , des s, to canta ; faire dap 
s a, to caress. 

CARESSER [ka-rJ-8<] V. a. 1. E o fia 
ress; 2. |1 to caress, to stroke ( 

3. 1 (of animals) to fawn; 4 II (b. s.! 
(liers.) to fawn ; 5. (b. s.) to pamper. 

En caressant, 1. caressingly ; i.fatcii 

CARET [ka-r^] n. m. (crp.) imbricat 
ed, hawk's bill turtle, tortoise 

CARET, n. m. rope-milker' s reel. 

Fil de , rope-yarn. 

CAREX [ka-rJ^ks] n. ra. (bot) (geni-s; 

De , scdged. 

CARGAISON [kar-ghe-zon] n. 1 
(com. nav.) cargo ; freight ; 2. A(f 





a mal ; d irule ; e fOe ; e feve ; e fete ; ^ jo ; til ; tile; o mol ; 6 mole ; 6 mort ; u sue ; i! sCire ; mt jour ; 

de Taller, outward cargo ; z= out ; 
en \i\e'm,/uU = ; de retour, home- 
:ciir</. koiiie, return :=. IJ\Te de , =;- 
booi:. Dcharqiier une , to (lischarge, 
!i?m/<(=; ein>>arquer, reeevoir une , 
Ij Uihe in n :=. 

CA ItGUE [kar-g] n. f. (nav.) hrall. 

CAUGUKii [kar-gW] V. a. (nav.) 1, 
1 lit; to hraU 

vp ; to clue up ; 2 
h.-'Jiel; to spill 
CAKIATIDK [ka-ri-aU^; n. F. 

tlj iVATIDE. 

CARIBOU [k ri-bou] n. m. (inaui.) 

CAEICATUEE [ka-ri-k.-tu-r] n. C ca- 
;V iature. 

Auteur de 8, caricaturist. Fairc 
aue de, tourncr en , to carica- 

CAKICATUUER [k.vri-ka-tu-rd] V. a. 
lo curiciiture ; to twn into ridicule. 

CAKIK [kn-ril n. f. 1. (agr.) broicn 
rust; smut halLi; 2. (hot) Jire-lilast ; 3. 
(ined.) ciiriex; cariosity. 

CARI6, E [kii-rie] adj. 1. rotten; 2. 
(agr.) smutty ; A. (did.) carious; rotten; 
4. (med.) carious. 

JJon , unrotten. 

CAKIER [ka-ri] V. fc t. to rot; 2 
(agr.) to smut; 3. (did.) to make, to ren- 
der carioiui. 

8e carier, pr. v. 1. to rot ; 2. (agr.) to 
tmait; 3. (did.) to become, to get ca- 

CARILLON [ka-ri-i-dn*] n. m. 1. 1 
fJdme of bells; 2. chime (musical bells) ; 
a. % potlier; racket; 4. (of clocks, 
matches) m,usic. 

A , (of clocks, watches) musical. A 
fVuble, triple , 1. 1| double, treble peal; 
2. (b. 8.) several times. Sonner le , 
:o ring a peal ; sonner a double, a triple 
, to ring a doul.le, a treble =^ 

\i m. c/iimiiig. 

CARILLONNER [ka-ri-io nc*] V. n. 1. 
ft ring a peal ; 2. to chime. 

I OAltlLLONNEUK [ka-ri-io-neir*] n. 

It chimer. 

OARIHi;:, E, r.CAEfeNi. 

(UKISTADE [ka-rU-ta-d] n. t % ahns. 

OAR LIN [kar-iin] n. m. carlin (an 
Dalian coin). 

CAKLIN, n. m. pug-dog. 

CAULINGUE [kar-lin-gh] n. f. (nav.) 
1. carline; curling ; 2. (of masts) step. 

CAKLISTE [kar-iis-i] n. m. Carlist 
dWitisiin cif Charles). 

CAKLISTE, ndj. Carlist. 

CA RI.OV I NO I EN, N E [kar-lcnn-ji-in, 
iu] adj. (hisL of France) Carlovingian 
(of t'harlciiiH!rno). 

CARMAGNOLE [kar-m.i-gno-l*] n. f. 1. 
carniagiiole (Jacket); 2. carmag?}ole 
(reviilutiiinary sim^'nf 17i>0); S. carmag- 
nole (revdliitinniiry dance). 

CAKMAiiNol.i"., n. m. carmagnole 
(violent iHciphin). 

CAl:.\IK [kar til] n. tn. (rel. ord.) car- 
neiite (friar). 

dccliaiiss^, '\(.'c\M\w:i,hare-fnoted =z. 
Do , caniielite. 

CARMELI.NE [k^ir-ms-li-n] n. car- 

CARMELITE [karms-li-t] n. (rel. 
ord.) Carmelite (nun). 

De , Cfirmelite. 

CARMES [kar-m] n. m. (pi.) (trick- 
tnick) two fours. 

CAKMIN [knr-min] n. m. curmine. 

Des Icvrcs de , ruby lips. 

CARMINATI-F, VE [kar-mi-na-Uf, 1-t] 
ilj. (med.) carminative. 

CAKMINATIF [kar-mi-n-tif] n. m. 
;'.!i(sl ) carminatire. 

CARNAGE [kar-naj] n. m. L car- 
i/ipe; nUiughter; 2. carnage (tlesh of 
i-.'.nial8 killed). 

Falrc uri , to make a =. 

OARNASS-IER, ifeltE [kar-na-ti6, J-r] 
,tj I Uoii\.) ferine ; '{flesh-eating ; 2. 
(J (J a ) fond of meat. 

S . C'au.nakkikRj carnivokk. CantaMiir\i 
tu i of tttiitiNil* Hint live t n flfsli al<ilif> ; can itwr 
rf Wio'.i iin .at 11. nn and ..llipr Ihicgi alo. Tht 
ion iu rarnatsi*-'' ; man ti carnitore. 

OAUN ASSIER [Var n .i*'] n. m. (lool ) 
fruliii , 1, flesh tatir. 

CARNASSli:RE [kar-na-siJ-r] n. 
shooting-pocket ; game-bag, pouch. 

CARNATION [kar-i.a-.i.'n] n. 1. car- 
nation ; fiesh-color ; 2. (yaint.) carna- 

CARNAVAL [kar-na-val] n. m., pl. 8, 


CAKNE [kar-n] n. corner (of a stone, 
table, etc.). 

CARNE, E [kar-nd] M\i.flesh-colored. 

GARNET [kar-nJ] n. m. (com.) 1. me- 
morandum-book ; note-book ; 2. (comp.) 

alpliabdtique, (com.) index. 
d"6cheances, ( V. ^cheance). 

CARNIFICATION [kar-ni-fi-kA-aion] n. 
(med.) carniflcation. 

CARNIFIER(SE) [6-kar-ni-fi6] pr. v. 
(med.) to carnify. 

CARNIVORE [kar-ni-vor] adj (did.) 

CARNIVORE, n. m. (did.) carnivo- 
rous animal. 

CARNOSIT^ [kar-no-ii-l] n. (surg.) 

CAROGNE [ka-ro-gn*] n. hag. 

CAROLIN, E [ka-ro-lin, i-n] adj. (hist.) 
of Ch a rlem a gn e. 
' CAROLINGIEN, NE [ka-ro-Un-ji-In, i-n] 

adj. V. Caklovingien. 

CAROLUS [karo-ius] n. m. carolus 
(old English oin). 

CARONAPE [ka-ro-na-d] n. (artil.) 

CARONCULE [ka-rSn-kn-I] n. 1. 
(anat) caruncle ; 2. (hot) caruncle. 

CAROTIDE [ka-ro-ii-d] adj. (anat) 

CAROTIDE, n. (anat) carotid. 

CAROTIDIEN [k-ro-ii-di-i..] adj. m. 
(anat) carotid. 

CAROTIQUE [ka-ro-ti-k] adj. (med.) 

CAROTTE [ka-i-o-t] n. 1. (bot) car- 
rot ; 2. (of tobacco) roll. 

Couleur de , (of hair) carroty. En 
, (of tobacco) rolled. Tirer une a q. 
u., to get (obtain) a. th. out of a. o. ; ne 
vivre que de s ^, to live upon a mere 

C A ROTTER [ka-ro-t] v. n. 1 to play 
for a mere nothing. 

CAROTT-IER [ka-ro-ti<;] n. m. li:RE 
[^-r] n. %, 

CAROTTEU-R [ka-ro-teur] n. m. SE 
[cu-z] n. ^ mean player. 

CAROUBE [ka-rou-bj n. m., 

CAROUGE [kn-rou-j] n. m. (bot) ca- 
rob, locust; ^ siceet-]wd. 

CAROUBIER [ka-ro-bi] n. m., 

CAROUGE [ka-roii-j] n. m. (bot) ca- 
rob-tree ; locust-tree ; Saint John's 
bread-tree : street-pod tree. 

CARP ATI! ES [] adj. m. pl. 
(geog.) Carpathian. 

Lcs Monts , the = Mountains. 

CARPE [kar-p] n. m. (anat) icrist. 

CARPE, n. (ich.) carp. 

doree, gold-fish. 

CARPEAU [kar-p6] n. m. {\c\\.)young 

CARPI EN, NE [kar-pi-in, i-n] adj. 
(anat) carpal. 

CARPILLCiN [kar-pi-ion*] n. m. (ich.) 
very young carp. 

CARQUOIS [kar-koo] n. m. qriiver. 

Arm6 d"un , armed tcith = ; ** 
quivered. Dans son , in a = ; ** qui- 
vered. Vider son , B to empty o.' 
quiver; to shoot all o.' bolts. 

CARRARE [ka-ra-r] n. m. Carrara 

CARRE [ki-r] n. 1. (pers.) back and 
shoulders ; 2. (of coats) back and shoul- 
ders ; 3. (of hats) croun ; 4. (of shoes) 
square toes. 

Avoir une bonne , (pers.) to be broad 

0ARR6, E [ka-r] adj. L square; 2. 
UnaUi.) square ; quadrate; quadratic ; 
8. (ndl.) square; 4. (nav.) square; 5. 
(&tn.) printing demy ; demy; 6. (rhet) 
(of sentences) ftU ; flotcing ; icell- 

Non , unsquared ; ft peu pr^s , 
nearly square; squarish. Bois s, 
timber : fltnire e, 1. aqua re figure; 2. 

quadratrix ; forme e, sqtiarei.tis , 
muscle , (anat) "quadratus;" piu til 
, party oftuo men and tico uon'C i ; 
racine e, square root; deg epanl 
broad-shouldered. Brassor , (nav.) L 
square (the yards). 

CARRJfi, n. m. 1. square (sqmft 
figure); 2. landing-place; 3. (of mut' 
ton) breast; 4. (of pai>er) square pie'f ; 
5. (anat) ''tjuadratus ;" 6. ,'arilh ) 
square; 7. (arch.) fiUet; 8. (g&rd.) bed ; 
9. (geom.) square ; quadrate; 10. (mil.) 
square; 11. (sta.) printing demy; 
demy ; 12. (sta.) medium. 

Petit , (sta.) short demy. de 
officicrs, (nav.) ward-room; de tol 
lette t, dressing-case (for ladies). Form^ 
en , range par , nqicadroned. 

CARREAU [kA-r6] n. m. 1. squan 
(of a series of squares); 2. square, pan 
tng-tile ; i. paving-brick ; 4. tile-floor , 
floor; 5. (of a church) cushion ;' fi. (of 
CTXv''ions) Ottoma7i foot-stool; 7. (of 
fabrus) square; 8. (of files) rubber ; 9. 
(of glass) pane of glass ; pane ; 10. (of 
tailors) goose ; tailor's go^-: 11. (caids) 
diamond; 12. (mas.) stretclut . 

\. Plier du Huge li pi-tits x, (o /o'n /i,iin :ii 
gniall squares ; dessin a x, tirawtr.^ vhh equnre-*. 
11. Roi, dani, vaiet de , king, queen, jttck <^ 

d'arbalete, bolt; quarrel-shot ; x 
de la foudre, thunder-bolts ; de Hol- 
lande, Dutch tile. Valet de , 1. (cards) 
knave of diamonds ; 2. (pers.) con- 
temptiliie, pitiful fellow, wretch. S&r.s 
.\, (of windows) witliout any pan-'S 
of glass; * paneless. Avoir toujoure 
garde a , to be always prepared for 
every emergency ; coucher sur le , to 
lie, to sleep oti the bare ground ; cou- 
cher, jetcr, laisser q. u. sur le , 1. to 
strike a. o. to the ground ; ^P~ to Uiy 
a. o. sprawling ; 2. to kill a. o. on th-c 
spot ; demeurer, rester sur le , t) If 
killed, killed upon the spot ; jcUr mn 
le . (of game) to kill. 

CARREAU, n. m. (med.) ^^ tabes mi- 

CARREFOUR [ka-rfour] n. m. 1 
cross-road ; 2. (of tow m) pidiUc pl<n' 
(where several streets end). 

dcs auteurs, Grub-street. De 
(jest) Grxdi-street. PoC-mede , Grid} 
street poem. 

CARRELAGE [k-i-r-la-j] n. m, 1 
brick-fittving ; 2. brick-paverient. 

CARRELEE [ka-r-U] v. a. 1. to pan 
tcith tie ; 2. to pave with brick ; 3. tc 
cobble (old shoes). 

CARltELET [kA-r-li] n. m. 1. (ich.) 
plaice ; ^ flat-fish ; flounder ; 2. 
square fshing-net; 8. Hlwemaker'e 
aul ; aiil. 

CARRELETTE [ka-r-U-t] n. f. four 
sided, fo-ar-sqtiareft'le. 

CAliRELEUR [ka-r-leiir] n. m. L 
paver for brick pavement ; 2. travel- 
ling cobbler. 

CARRELIER [ka-r8-li] n. m. \. 
square, jxiving-tile maker ; 2. pavimj- 
brick maker. 

CARRELUPE [ka-r-In-r] n. iwtc 
soles (put to old boots or shoes). 

Mettre une a, to sole. 

CARR1!:MENT [ka-r6-man] adv. | 
squarely (in a square). 

CARRER [k.i-rt] v. a. 1. II to square; 
2. (arith.) to square; 8. (geom.) to 
square ; 4. (mil.) to form into a square 

Se cahker, pr. v. 1. to strut ; 2. (bouil- 
lotte) to double tlie st<ike. 

Personno qui se carre, stnitter. En to 
carrniit 1. strutting ; 2. struttingly. 

CARRICK [kiirik] n. m. box-coat. 

CA URI KR [ka-ri^J n. m. quarrtf-vnatv 

CARRIERE [ka-rii-i] n. \.\care(r-. 
2. n race-course ; race-ground ; 3. k 
career ; race ; course ; walk ; 4. play 
scope ; 5. qtiarnj (])lnee whence stone 
is extracted); 6. (ii:an.) career. 

Libre , 1. free, full play, scopv. 
Bout de la , go d. ; extraction ("e la , 
quarrying; lit de , quarry-bed; 
picrre da la --, quarry. Avoir libri', 
pleine , II to have free, fuU ploy 
scojie : creuser, foiiillcr une , tn dig f 
quarry; debut jr dans une , Jto <>: 




o& jodte ; eu jcn ; eu jeiino ; eu peur ; an pan ; in pin ; on bon ; un brnn ; 'll liq. ; *gn liq. 

ler M/>on. a career; donner a, 1. 
(man.) to give rein to; 2. to tent; to 
give vent to; donner libre, pleine h, 
I to give ample, free, full scope ; se 
donner , 1. to have free, fall scope; 
2. to run out; 8. to indulge o.'s fancy ; 
w.trer dans la , to enter the lixts ; ex- 
ploiter aiie , to /nine, to icork a quar- 
ry ; fjurnir la , to run over the 
itVAiii; tbiirnir la au pas \, to xculk 
yter the course ; fournir une , J , to 
rtf o.'s race ; ouvrir une a q. u., 1. 
to open a field for a. o. ; 2. to give a. o. 
scope; piircourir une , to run a ca- 
reer, race ; remplir sa II , to run o.'e 
length; suivre une , to pursue a ca- 
reer ; to run a race. 

CARRIOLE [ka-ri-o-i] n. f. tiUed cart. 

CARROSSE [ka-ro-8] n. m. coach ; 

a deux fonds, douhle, double-seated 
= ; de louage, luickney -coach ; hack. 
\ voir , to keep o.'s = ; to ride in a 

; rouler ^, to keep o.'s =. 
CARROSStE [ka-ro-] n. f. coach- 

CARROSSIER [ka-ro-Bi] n. m. 1. 
coach-maker ; 2. coach-horse. 

CARROUSEL [ka-rou-sJ,l] n. m. L tilt 
(tournament) ; 2. carousal (tournament 
in France); 3. tUt-t/ard. 

CARROUSSE [ka-rou-] n. f. carouse ; 
^ drinking-bout. 

Faire , to carouse. 

CARRURE [ka-ru-r] n. breadth of 
back at tlie shouldert. 

D'une belle , broad-shouldered. 
fiiroit de , (of coats) narrate, tight 
across the shoulders; large de , (of 
wats) nnde,full across tiie shoulders. 

CARTAHU [kar-ta-u] n. m. (nav.) 
v:hip ; girt-line.. 

CART AVER kar-tj-i^] v. n. to dri/ee 
'.pith the rat Jietween the wheels. 

CARTE [kari] n. t. card; 2. card; 
ploying card; 3. pasteboard ; 4. tick- 
M; h. (of eating-houses and inns) bill of 
fure; 6. (of eating-houses and Inns) bHi; 
ccconnt ; 7. (geog.) map; 8. (geog.) 

ajustoe, prcpar6e, marked card; 
les basses s, the small = ; blanche, 
1. 1 blarik =; 2. carte blanche (un- 
limited power); enluminee, colored 
map; fausse , (play) odd-=.; g6n6- 
iJogiqne, genealogical chart, table; 
(:6ographiquo, de gt'ograjjliie, mup ; 
g6ograplii(iue, do gi!ograpIiie enlumin6e, 
colored map; glacoe, glazed =; 
marine, (geog.) chart; payante, ft 
payer, bill, account (at an eating-house 
or Inn); les s peintes, </te court r:^; 

plane, plate, (geog.) plane chart; 
tarotOe, spotted. = ; d'adresse, trades- 
man's =::; a jouer, playing =;; de 
I)(>vcelaine, enamelled =; trois s de 
la meme sorte, pair royal; s sur table 
^, above-board ; de visite, visiting 
=. Chateau de , 1. || card-house; 2. 
I ginger-bread house ; le dessous des 
s. the face of the =s ; 6tui ii , =- 
case; jeu de s, 1. card-playing; 2. 
pack of:=s; joueur,joueuse de s, :=- 
player ; partle de , game ofzz:.s. Sans 
, ( V. senses) ** chartless. Amener 
cne , to bring out a =:; avoir 
blanche, to have a carte blanche ; bat- 
tre, meler les s, to shuffle the =s , brou- 
iller les s ^, 1. to soio dissension ; 
to embroil matters; 2. to make mis- 
^J.ief; cornaitre, voir le dessous des s 
J, to be in the secret ; couper les s, to 
out the =zs; demander , (cards) to 
prcpose buying; demander une , 
(cuds) to buy a = ; dessiner, tracer sur 
nije , une gOographique, to tnap ; 
a:nDf r, faIre les s, to deal the =s ; to 
deal; donnsr a q. u. blanche , to 
r;ive a. o. a carte blanche; ecarter une 
, to throw away a = ; etre le premier 
on -s, to have the lead ; faire des cliA- 
leau.x do s, to build with ==, faire 
'jiio i'.artle de s, to play a game of=zs ; 
Mrti des tours de s, to perform tricks 
t iVi r=zs ; j.iucr aux s, to pilay =s ; 
louor B sar table, to deal above board ; 
'iK.inter la , (nav.) to prick the cJiart; 
Usfir teU fortunes upon =$. 

Dont on n"a pas de , ( V. senses) * 
chartless. A qui est-ce a donner, faire 
les 8 f wh^ose deal is it f 

CARTEL [knr-tei] n. m.'L challenge; 
challenge tojight ; cartel; 2. dial-case 
(for a clock); 8. clock (with a dial-case); 
4. (mil.) cartel; 5. (nav.) cartel; cartel 

Auteur d"un , d'un de dcfl, chal- 
lenger. de dofl, challenge; challenge 
to fight ; cartel. Regler le d'ociiange, 
(mil.) to arrange, settle terms for the 
eoechange of prisoners. 

CARTERIE [kar-t-ii] n. 1. card- 
making; 2. card-factory. 

CARTERO [kar-te-ro] n. m. (small) 

CARTERON [kar-l-r6ii] V. QuARTE- 

CART6SIANISME [knr-W-zi-a-ni.-m] 
n. m. (did.) cartesianism. 

CART^SIEN, NE [kar-ti-ii-in, i-n] adj. 
(did.) cartesian. 

CART:^:SIEN [] n. m. (did.) 

CARTIIAGINOIS, E [kar-ta-ji-noa, i] 
adj. Carthaginiitn. 

CARTIIAGINOIS, p. n. m. E, p. n. 

CARTIIAME [kar-ta-m] n. m. (bot) 
carthainus ; ^ safflower. 

des teinturiers, safflo^cer ; dyer's 
safflower ; bastard, mock saffron. 
Fleuron de , (chem.) saffloicer. 

CARTIER fkar-ti6] n. ni. card-maker. 

CARTILAGE [kar-ti-la-j] n. m. 1. gris- 
tle; 2. (anat.) cartilage. 

CARTILAGINEU-X, SE [kar-ti-Ia-ji- 
ceu, eii-z] .adj. 1. gristly ; 2. (anat.) carti- 
laginous ; 3. (bot.) cartilaginous. 

ii-ni-fi-ka-tioii] n. (med.) conversion into 

la-ji-ni.fif] pr. V. (mod.) to turn, to be 
converted info cartilage. 

CARTISANE [kur-ii-M-n] n. carti- 

'ine (card-pai)er). 

HIE [knr-to-gra-fi] n. 

CARTON [kar-ioii] n. m. 1. paste- 
board; 2. card; 3. pasteboard-box, 
case; 4. hat-bov ; 5. band-boae, ; 6. bon- 
net-box ; 7. (for drawings) portfolio ; 8. 
(book-bind.) ^or(Z,' 9. (draw.) cartoon; 
10. (paint.) cartion; 11. (print) four- 
page cancel; cancel. 

fin, card; card-paper ; grand , 
(print.) octavo-part (of a duodecimo 
sheet) ; lustre, polished pasteboard ; 
|)etit , (print.) off-c^it; refait, (print.) 
four-page cancel ; cancel ; n clia- 
pean, 1. hat-boar; 2. bonnet-box; 3. 
band-box, ; de pate, mill-board. 

CARTON-PIERRE [kar-ton-pii-r] n. 
m. statuary pasteboard. 

CARTONNAGE [ kur-to-na-j ] n. m. 
(book-bind) bo