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Full text of "The spirit of freemasonry: an address delivered before Saluda Lodge, no. 103, A.F.M., Edgefield District, S.C., on St. John's Day, being the 24th of June, 1865"

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SALUDA LODGE, No. 103, A. F. M.. 


24te OF JUNE, 1865, 

By Rev. J. HAWKINS. 

" Beloved, believe not every ?pirit, but try the spirit? whether they 
are of God ; /because many false propbels are gone out into the world." 

— John it. 1. 







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A ^ ID ID P£ E 3\ 

" \ ' T 

n r v y 


Salcda Lodge 103, June 24th, 

■'. i LAW KINS : — 

, Dear Brother — Haying heard with much pleasure 
profit jour address, delivered before our Lodge on to-day, a 
eving that its publication will diffuse light and strengthen I 
• fence, we respectfully ask your permission to give 

A. ?. LANG FOUL), V,', M. } 

P. E. WISE, S. W. [ Committee, 

A. P. WEST, J. W, ) 


Beth Eden, S. C, July 5th, I 
: — Whenfl prepared my address, I had . 
t of its publication, but feeling that your kindness claims my 
r, I cannot refuse it. I submit it to your disposal. 


ORD, ) • 

E. Wisk, ■ Committee, 

4'-- I n TIT k , 




■ . . . brc Lhi ■ 

; your time 
3 of the re- 

r to "stir up 

we hope to be 

1 • t also of the 

and hence it 

t oar jrood be evil 

' Br.:- : and Fellow- 

- remarks, and I wish to re 
~e are members one* of arrotnel 
refore, un ; 
5 to the fraternity an 
marks I shall mal 

Having nothing "o offer, I sh ". 

your pure rmnds by way of rem 
ediSed, the uninitiated can be instruct'. 

t that we are associated to 
will be necessary to command 
;en oi'. : ' 
As free and accepted Masons, met. 9 mow 

r.o high nor low, bo .or poor, ro stranger : 

i meet on j common ich other 

in. Let us then engage in the . . 

ree of joy and gladness whicfy circumstances v 

thankful t© the great Architect of ?, our Grand Mas 

above, for our preservation, and the bestow:; ; so many blc 

on us, his unworthy servants- And rr ioble impuls 

:rous a.fections, and loving and obe ich animate-' 

it disciple whom Jesus loved," our Patron, to whose memory tl 
ival is dedicated, fill, and our hearts and minds. 

In obedience to the d. vine injunctions, "Pvejoice always, and agL 
I say rejoice," and "Let your moderation be known to all men," we 
entes upon the innocent and agreeable pleasure! of this day, and in our 
hours of refreshment as well as .those or, may the smiles of our 

Grand Master rest upon us. 

Those who are familiar with the doctrines and usages of our Order, 
are aware that there js nothir . . . bligations, enjoyment*, 


or pleasures of our Institution offensive to the strictest rules or 
modesty, contrary to the severest laws of morality, or the usages of 
conventional propriety, or interfering, in the smallest degree, vrith the 
most rigid precepts of Chiflstianity. "While I reverence the commarcl 
of our Great Teacher to "seek first the Kingdom of God and his 
righteousness," and bow with the profoundest reverence and adoration 
before the shrine of Christianity, acknowledging] with great humility 


and unfeigned thanksgiving its superior claims and pre-eminent im- 
portance, and reject with proud disdain anything derogatory to its 
glory, yet, I am proud to say I am a M^ison— -.and in saying this I give 
one evidence, at least r that I am an admirer of the purity, beauty and 
simplicity of the gospel of the blessed God. 

• "While Free Masonry is not Christianity, and lavs no claims to 
divifre origin, it is still a lovely hand-maid to all the christian virtues. 
Xo doctrine of our Order conflicts with the precepts of ^ligion. All 
its teachings are conducive to the elevation and general good of 
humanity, and accord with those of Christianity. "With religion 
v, hose sublime doctrines it cannot increase, whose noble precepts it 
cannot improve, and wfyose sanctions it dare not adjudge, Masonry 
does not interfere. Over it it usurps no control and claims no 
jurisdiction." ^ 

"Ihavehad%he honor," is the testimony of an eminent divine, ■ 
"of being a member of this ancient and honorable society for manv 
Vcars ; have sustained many of its officers, and Can and do aver, in 
'this sacred place,. and before the Grand Architect o£the world, that I 
never could observe aught therein, but what was justifiable and com- 
mendable according to the strictest rules of society — this bein«; 
founded on the precepts of the Gospel — the doing the will of God, and 
the subduing the passions, and highly conducive to every sacred ai 
social virtue." 

Another distinguished clergymen has said : "Masonry inspires its 
members with the most exalted ideas of God, and leads to the exercise 
of the most pure and sublime piety. A reverence for the Supreme 
Being, the Grand Architect of Nature, is the elemental life, t 
pri-mordial source of all its principles, the very spring and fountain of 
its virtues. It co-operates with our blessed Religiop in regulating 
the tempers, restraining the passions, sweetening the dispositions and 
harmonising the discordant interests of man. It breathes a spirit of 



•ove and universal benevolence, and adds one thread more to the 
silken cord of evangelical charity, which binds man to man, and seeks 
*to entwine the cardinal virtues and the christian graces in the web of 
the affections and the drapery of the conduct." I admire the Institu- 
tion, because I lore virtue ; because I love morality ; because I lov^ 
piety ; and my religious feelings are strengthened and intensified by 
a practice of the precepts of Masonry. Its noble teachings act as * 
prompter urging to the practice of the sublime, precepts of the Bible. 
Its advantages in this respect lie in the superior purity and sub- 
limity of its symbols, mysteries and ceremonies. Our Grand Master 
^een fit in former ages to instruct rational man through types, 
symbols and figures. Thus it is in our Order ; the sublimest truths 4 
^resented in the most beautiful ceremonies. To any one fond ct 
jeniony, here is a ritual beautiful, beyond anything of which th . 
iated can conceive. These rites are all of the most perfect 
. _ .—grand, sublime and beautiful in the highest degree. And 
. the science of Geometry, upon which it is based, the farther you 
ance the more interesting and sublime they become. I have 
1 Looked at these beautiful ceremonies revealing, as they progres- 
?st useful and glorious truths, until I have been made to believ • 
there :.- a beauty, a fascination, a charm in Truth, beyond anytr. 
.. agination can conceive, and I have resolved again and again 
re according to its sublime teachings. Everything "connec. :■ 
: Order, is elevating, refining and purifying. 
: is an equality also recognized by the brethren of tJ 
. ;r:v, which endears it to their hearts, and recommends it to 

notice of others. It is just such an equality, and such a 
atercourse as our nature requires. Man is naturally a so 
He seeks society as naturailv as the lion seeks his solir 
is in man an instinctive for company, for friendly iir 

se, for mutual sympathy, which nothing else will satisfy. -No 
:ute can be found for the instincts of nature. But like ev 
desire of fallen beings, it needs a limiting and a reguldt 

. When that fondness for society is indulged withrut 
:ion, it gro^s into a culpable extravagance. Where there i ; r. 
; power, unreasonableness is the natural consequence. 
\ the. affections are diffused indiscriminately, they t 
lane . :c . theybecom: 



1 contracted. Like the rays of light, if widely diverged, they are 

ttcrcd and lost; if concentrated in a very .small focus, they are too 

;nse. Their real use is in a due medium, where they are collected 

so as to warm, vivify and cheer." Free Masonry professes to be that 

m. Here we meet with selected friends, and here we exercise 

s social feelings and the social virtues upon tho^e, and those only 

'whom we have selected from the great mass of mankind, and have 

■■•lo confidential frieflds. ' While associated together as Masons, we 

;ogoize no station in civil or social life"," but all meet as brethren 

.1. King Solom (h his day, meet Hiram, 
'yre, and the humble feasant of his kingdom upon the same 
vol. -olomon and Hiram laid aside their regal robes, and 

n.sant his tattered garments, the Kings rejoice in the exercise of 
..2volent feelings, and thapedsant felt elevated .and 
encouraged by the warm grasp of his sovereign's hand, and the kind 
words of friendship and love he received. And St. John, and many of 
the sovereigns of Europe, and .Shakespeare, and "Gen. Washington, and 
ost of the greatest scholars and statesmen, and able divines have 
met, in the Lodge, the humble but honorable poor around them, and 
have derived pleasure and happiness from the thought that "all they 
re brethren." t present, and in every * former age over which 

has spread its principles, it constituted the affectionate and 
'nnce which unites man in warm cordiality- with man. 
ms the most liberal and extensive connections. No private 
.sessions nor national predilections, no civil policy nor ecclesias- 
tical tyranny, no party spirit nor dissocial passion is suffered to pre- 
gement, nor interfere #ith the f^re^ exercise of that 
brotherly love, relief and fidelity it fails not to produce." 

where and in all classes of society, we find petty distinctions, 
iderations, irrational prejudices, contracted sentiments and 
. obstructing the friendly intercourse of mankind. — 
rh one seeking his own good and intent upon his own aggrandize- 
ment — forgets and neglects his neighbor's good. Alasonry breaks 
wn these formidable barriers, and levels these unnatural and "un- 
Sal distinctions. In its solemn assembly, at its social altar meet 
habitants4>f different countries, and though influenced by their 
ings and intercourse with the outer world, by various and often 
ocr Jg-iaterests, tney hail each other with benignant looks of 

A'DDEESS. _ ti 

'r-siesm, and words of unfeigned friendship. Arouse 
Masonry casts "Philanthropy's connecting : 
n the same sympathies the whole family of ear 

iy' regard for our ancient and honorable 
ed too, when I remember its 'unfeigned c? 

evoJence. We 'speak of the.^ :gs, not for vain- 

ixiake known our principles and to encourage all :' 
these sacred duties. The Institution 'has been 
nister of the gospel, and one dearly loved by the 1 
\ taoral order of enlightened men, founded on a s 

nanly piety, and :• aa*I active virtue, 

-ign of recall;: xvr remembrance the most ) 

i midst of. the most, sociable. and innoc 
bg, without ostentation or hope of reward, ' 
"benevolence, the most generous- and extensive 
most warm and affectionate brotherly love.!' 
■ions has a sentence in it, which still governs e? ry 
; to which every genuine brother here to-day, 
3 a responsive amen, viz: "To afford succo 
ide. our bread with the industrious poor, and : 
Teller into the way, are duties of the era 
expressive of its usefulness." This, my hearers, i 
ient landmarks of the Order, and from it the true MasOn 
iates. Founded as it is on the most liberal • 
.rities and its benevolence extend to the w 
ires are open to the sons of Virtue, the sons ol 
is 1 of Peace — the honorable, the upright, the good, 
d*it takes these from among men and connects then 
rnal amity, and pledges inviol 

. ;rcd alliance — binding them j "ord of F 

larity and Faith, into a union broad as the w: 
stroriger than death. ' 
And when fortune smiles, and the indu is laborers . 
the benignities dl their Grand i abore, they rej 

and part in love — sharing the rewards of their honest toil with 
edy more remote. Families in distress have shared their be 
i thus "the blessing of thQse ready to | i has come up: ra." 

:uti'ons of learning have risen throng . oris—- 


ana light and knowledge have been shed abroad by their unselfisa 
generosity. m 

- eet indeed are its offices of love and benevolence in the days of 
prosperity and peace. Pleasant indeed are these warm greeting when 
w^ jneet and feel that "all we are brethren," and heart responds u 
heart in tender sympathy and endearing love. 

"Our souls,, by lore together knit, 
Cemented, mixed in one; 
One hope, one heart, one mind, one voice, 
Tis heaven en earth begun." 


Bat sweet— far more sweet are its uses in the days of adversity; k 

fr:end," says Solomon, loveth at all times, and a brother is born for 

adversity," There are times which come to all when the offices of 

general philanthropy will not reach us. There are times when bur 

re in its benefits and blessings is inadequate to our need — times 

when the offices of love are not exercised to that extent we desire, or 

: necessities demand— times when afflictions chastening. rod is laid 

fi us, and troubles come in like a flood, and cares oppress and dfs- 

b us— then it is that Free. Masonry, triumphs in the exercise of its 

elV charities and calls into requisition its noble offices. "The 

lest sphere of its operation is in redressing the calamities of 

ected, injured merit ; investigating the wants and supplying thy 

,d of indigence ; relieving pain, pitying and softening infirmity, and 

Aritnirlng and fostering virtue." The true Mason, is indeed, a brother 

orvn for adversity. When his means will allow, he renders substantial 

but if be can-do no more, he will watch by the bedside of sickness 

and • in. He will support the drooping head; he will catch tho last 

: iring breath, and close the eyes of his dying,brother with, the last 

ices of brotherly affection. He will commend, .the departing 

■ to the hands of Him who gave it, and deposite the body he 

I in the silent grave with solemn dignity and becoming rites. 

ill perfume the grave with svveet flowers, and encircle, it with. 

.ciionate remembrances. But his love is stronger than death, and 

\ by the tomb— it descends as the heritage of affliction and 

07.-. It has a tear of sympathy for the bereaved, a word of com- 

for the sorrowful, and a helping hand for the necessitous. T 

ffhich governs us in this respect is this: "No worthy Maao/c\ 


j. \j 

fatally sliall ever. $vffer y uKile it is in our power to relicci 
aants. n 


These, my hearers, are some of the beauties and blessings of oifr 
rioble Institution, but like the wisdom and giory of King Solomon, 
our ancient Patron — "the half has not been told." 

I stand, to-day, upon the threshhold of the noble edifice, with nay 
taper in my hand, pointing within, and a taboo upon my lips. W.iti 
this Masonic "Holy of "Holies," th£ uninitiated are not allowed to 
enter. If you would behold its real glories, and learn its sub!: 
wisdom, you must, like the Queen of "Sheba, visit the Temple, i 
hear the words of the Grand Master himself. Then, like her, you***.:' 
be constrained to say, "It was a true report that I heard of thy acts 
and of thy wisdom/ and behold the half was not told me ; thy wisdom 
and prosperity exceedeth the fame which I heard. Happy are t 
men, happy are these thy servants, winch stand continually before 
thee, and that hear thy wisdom." 

Xone'but the true and the good ought to enter here. That 
knowledge so desirable is there, but it is hid, to be revealed only tt> 
the worthy. 

But moral as are our precepts, impartial and world-wide as is dut 
benevolence, beneficial as is our knowledge, sublime as are our teach- 
ings, and glorious as are our rewards, many abuse and ridicule tfy 
**Our good is evil spoken of." 

Without attempting to answer the old ana" stale objections urged 
r.gainst the .Order, and which have been answered successfully, a 
Thousand times already, I simply remark that the same objections 
have been urged with as much show of success against every moral 
and religious institution on earth. The church of the Redeemer, 
which is as pure as the throne of Jehovah, has been made the butt of 
ridicule and contempt for ages, and how shall we escape the same 
ridicule aud contumely ? 

As John Randolph once said of the* Bible, so we say of Masonry : 
."*'If its advocates cannot defend it against all the attacks of infidelity 
brought against it, "let it go." Like Christianity, every attempt to 
destroy it, will only drive its defenders the more' closely to it, and 
create the more anxiety to be connected with it. It is, however, un- 
friendly and unfair in any one to judge harshly and hastily of that 
■which, from the very nature of things, he can know nothing abofci. 


V e_ persuade no one to enter our secrets against his will, and his jus ■: 
convictions of duty, and no one can know until he does enter. / 
j ^ man- can say ^i:b truth, that we hold or teach aught conflic. _ 
\. ;th our duties as neighbors, citizens or Christians. 

"e are the Son's of Peace, and the advocates of law. and good order— 
f . -.. o the powers that be— believing they are "ordaine: 

Q i; and striying tt all,times to "render unto Csesar the things tl 
are Cesar's, and to God the thingsrthat are God's.'' 

A few words, in conclusion, to the Fraternity : 

:ethyai of Sc Lodne — Permit me to congratulate you heart 

upon your success and prosperity in this community. You com- 

ii ced the good work here but a few years ago, in the most tn 
times and under the most discouraging circumstances. Ever since 
■ you have labored under serious difficulties. Cut off in a 
£*. eat measure from the outer world, and even from your brethren 

you were compelled to labor alone and almost entirely unaided- 
Some of your most intelligent and active co-laborers have been ca 
to rest, am], your facilities liaVe been inadequate to your need. But. 
vour perseverance and exemplary conduct, both in and out of I 
you have overcome all obstacles and triumphed over 
aon. You now have a name, and an honorable name, known 
and wide; and your extensive procession to-day, and this ran 
le of anxious faces, attest your zeal in the -cause in which you hi 
c: barked. Continue faithful and laborious. "Be not weary in •< 

fpr in due season you shaft reap if you faint not." Let non-3 
nes in the great Masstnc hive, but let each add his share to t 

ire of all. Be punctual in your attendance upon the 
communications that you may learn your duty, and be encouraged io 

talfc. Be not so much interested in ^adding largely to y. 
numbers, as in making good Masons of those ycu have. 

C"ss great discretion in the selection of your candidates, for uj 
1 1 .3 depends your standing among your brethren around you, and in 

unity. For want of caution, we sometimes receive the 
among us who never make Mas«>hs> and prove an injury to us. 1 
-. who blasphemes God's holy name, or is intemperate, or defrauds 
ighbor, or acts immorally in any way, is not a true Mason 
ileaiembor that others will look at your conduct and judge the cause. 
l>v- vcu. Let moralitv. friendship and truth adorn your lives, :. 

9 ' 


"thus falfill the whole law of love." By so doing you will secure the 
"blessing of those ready to perish," accompanied by the Divir.e 
approbation, and the reward of the Grand Master above. By prac- 
tising the duties enjoined on you, in the Lodge, arid by ^walking 
worthy of the high -vocation wherewith you are called, with all lowli- 
ness and meekness, adorning the doctrine of God your Savior in all 
things, you will "be able to put to silence the ignorance cf foolish 
men." And when, in that awful day which "he has appointed, the 
Grand Master comes to make up his jewels — when the secrets of all 
hearts, and all societies shall be known, "the gazing multitude,- r 
have anxiously enquired our secret, shall be astonished to learn feat 
the profoundest deep of Mditonic secrecff lay in the unpublished act 

' ag_ good." And these memorials of your benevolence, sprinkled 
with *oning blood, and sealed by the Divine approbation, will pr 
your passport to those blissful seats in that "Grand Temple, 1 ' "not; 
made with hands eternal in the Heavens." 

'Tare are the toys above the skv, 

And all the region peace ; 
Xo wanton lips, nor envious eye, 

Can see or taste the bliss. 
Those holy gates forever bar - » 

Pollution, siivand 3hame : , 

Xone shall obtain admittance there 

But followers of the Lamb." 

Then, Brethren, in that Grand Lodge above, presided over by the 
•Grand Master of all Lodges, we will spend an eternity in investigating, 
admiring, and praising the inexhaustible mysteries of knowledge ar.d 

it i