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""^Autlior of 
"The Identity of Primitive Christianity and Modern Spiritualism." 

'• Come up hither and I will show thee things which must be hereafter." 

— Hev. iv. 1. 

" 'Tis an authentic picture of the spheres; 
In one thou art, in ftie art soon to be; 
Its mission is to dry the mourner's tears, 
And ope to light serene futurity."— ^arrz*. 



9 Montgomery Place. 


Copyright, 1879, by 


Printing and Bookbinding Co., 

205-213 East iztk St., 



Introduction pp. 1-10 



Embodied Man is a Trinity — The Spiritual Body Substantial — 
At what Period does Man become a Living- Soul ? — Exceptions 
to the Rule that All Men are Immortal — No Sub-human or 
Semi-human beings in the Spirit-World — Animals like Man 
have Spiritual Bodies — Spiritual Limbs do not Project from 
Amputated Stumps — Accidents to Spirits. 


The Changes that Death Produces — In Dying the Spirit sometimes 
Suffers — A Means of Egress should be Provided for the Depart- 
ing Spirit — Effects of Narcotics upon the Spirit — Spirits are 
Bom Naked into the Next Life — Treatment of Mortal Remains 
— Spirits Sensible of Marks of Affection. 


Mr. Owen Witnesses Such a Case — His Description of It — It is At- 
tended with Danger to the Body — When and to Whom it Hap- 
pens — Not of Common Occurrence— No Visible Magnetic Line 
Connecting Spirit and Body pp. 11-20 



The Spirit-World and The Spiritual World — Distances of the Heav- 
ens — The Spirit-World Substantial — The Temperature of Space 
— The Higher Forms of Animal and Vegetable Existence are 


There Reproduced — Thought Does not There take Visible Form 
— Was the Spirit- World Formed by the Accretion, of Sublimated 
Atoms Arising from the Earth? — The Relations that Spirits 
Sustain to Their World— Our Earth is The Type of That 
World ..pp. 31-26 



The Spirit-World Envelops Us — Arrangement of the Low Spheres 
— All Spirits are Human Beings — Minds and Bodies Diseased 
Produce Sin and Crime — Heaven and Hell are Localities — Con- 
dition Accurately follows Character — Some Progress Slowly 
having no Desire for Improvement — Many Spirits Continue to 
Exist on The Earth for Periods of Time — The Habits of Earth- 
Bound Spirits — Their Influence Banefal — Our Prisons and 
Insane Asylums are Infested with Them — Mortals frequently 
can Benefit Them — Physical Imperfections sometimes Appa- 
rently Perpetuated in Earth-bound Spirits — How Low Spirits 
are Governed — Missionaries are Sent to Labor with Them — Pro- 
gression a Universal Law — Condition of the Drunkard — Repent- 
ance in This Life — The Wicked Heaven or Second Sphere — Its 
Cities — Its Inhabitants — The Cities are Enclosed — Desolation 
of the Country — The " Hells " of Swedenborg. 


Sects are Perpetuated in the Lower Heavens — Purgatory — Condition 
of the Degraded Among Roman Catholics — The Irish Heavens 
— Bigoted and Intolerant Protestants — They are Placed under 
Discipline — Are Still more Zealous than Wise — The Truth Ulti- 
mately Comes to All pp. 27-48 



The First Sphere is an Indian Heaven — "Where no White Man 
robs the Indian " — Description of It — Condition and Employ- 


ments of the Indians — Their Order of Progression — Mr, Owen's 
Visit to Their Heavens — His Description of Them. 


The Third and Fourth Heavens — The Prevailing Conditions — Na- 
tional Distinctions there Exist — The First of the European 
Heavens the Lowest — The American and European Heavens 



Their Location — Condition of Negro Spirits — Their Progression like 
That of the Indians — They Ultimately Blend with the Whites. 


Means of Communication Between the Different Heavens — A Dis- 
tinguished Visitor — The Information He Imparted — He Had 
Been in the Spirit-World One Hundred and Fifty Years — He 
was Then in the Thirty-second Heaven — He Knew of Eight 
Heavens above That — He becomes the Guide of Mr, Owen on 
a Visit from the Fifth to the Fifteenth Heaven — Mr. Owen 
Describes these Heavens — Government in the Heavens— Penal- 
ties for Disobedience — Planetary Spirits — How the Grounds 
are Ornamented — An Incredible Story — Steamboats and Steam- 
ships pp. 49-67 


THE HIGHER HEAVENS {continued). 


Description of Them — Gardens — Furniture — Mr. Owen's Descrip- 
tion of His Own Home in the Fourth Heaven — His Servants — 
Painting and Architecture — Nothing There can be Destroyed. 


The Love of the Beautiful a Spiritual Sentiment — Garments of Spirits 
Different in Each Heaven — Male Garments — Female Garments 
— How Young Children are Clothed — Garments always Found in 
Their Homes — Jewelry of Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones. 


Every Desire of Good Spirits Gratified — Musical Instruments — 
Wheeled Vehicles — Where Certain Objects are Obtained — Books 


and Libraries — Periodicals and Newspapers — The Manufactur- 
ing Heaven — Employments of Spirits — A Spirit Friend Describes 
her Usual Daily Occupations — Another Friend Describes His — ■ 
Temples, Halls, and Theatres — Hunting, Fishing, and Riding — 
Farms in the Heavens — Spirit Mechanics — Spirits Require Sus- 
tenance — Masonic and Odd Fellows' Lodges — Mediums Retain 
their Power — Spirits Are not Idle — Employments Congenial — 
Scientists in the Heavens pp. 68-89 


THE HIGHER HEAVENS {continued). 

Sunday a Day Distinct from others — Manner of Observance — Ser- 
vices in the Temples — There are no Holidays in the Heavens. 


The Record of a Good Life above Earthly Titles — Earthly Names 
Perpetuated — Earthly Fame and Distinction, unless Deserved, 
of little Account There — A Monarch would there Receive no 


The Ages that Spirits Appear — Personal Characteristics Preserved — 
Ugly People become Beautiful — No Spirit Dwarfs nor Giants — 
No Deformed Spirits — The Complexions of Spirits — The Ap- 
pearance of Spirits Represents their Condition — The Heads of 
Advanced Spirits not Surrounded with Halos or Spheres of 


Spirits Communicate with Each Other as We Do, by Speech — Many 
Languages in the Heavens — Swedenborg's Error — In what 
Manner the Knowledge of Foreign Languages is Useful to 


This Faculty is Rare Among Spirits — With Those who Possess it, it 
is Limited — A Seance in the Ninth Heaven — What is the Intel- 
ligence Back of the Clairvoyant? — Good Spirits are Able to 


Acquire Special Gifts — Our Capabilities are Foreseen by Cer- 
tain Spirits. 


What Spirits are Insane — Only the Degraded — There are Infirma- 
ries in the Second and Third Heavens for the Insane — They 
Very Soon Recover their Reason — Idiots require Protracted 
Treatment — How the Spirit is Affected when the Body is Blown 
into Fragments — The Spiritual Body Indestructible . pp. 90-103 

THE HIGHER HEAVENS {couti?iiied). 


"As One Star differeth from Another Star in Glory " Equality is 
in Respect to Happiness — Growth there is Gradual but More 
Rapid than Here — Each is Most Happy in His own Heaven — No 
Event There corresponding to the Death of the Physical Body 
— No Atheists in the Heavens above the Third — True Earthly 
Character a Passport to the Best Associations There. 


True Marriage is There a Recognized Institution — What Earthly 
Marriages are There Perpetuated — Unmarried Spirits — Spirits 
as Match-Makers — The Ceremony of Marriage in The Heavens. 


Affection Survives Death — Where Spiritual Attraction exists Fami- 
lies become Reunited — My Parents voluntarily Remove to a 
Lower Heaven — Husband and Wife there never Outgrow Each 
Other — Spirits are Sensible of Tokens of Affection. 


The Conditions that Surround Them — A Grand Nursery in the Fifth 
Heaven — The Care for Them is a Labor of Love — Their Edu- 
cation—The Acquisition of Knowledge by Them a Pleasure — ■ 
The Means of Instruction — The Condition of Older and De- 
praved Children — Children Increase in Stature aa Here — 
Bringing Children to Earth. 



They are Actual Objective Existences — Their Origin — What Species 
are There to be Found — Their Intelligence — Most Spirits be- 
lieve Them to be Identical with Those They Left Behind — 
Horses, Dogs, and Birds are Sometimes Brought to Earth — As 
to Phantom Animals Seen by Mortals — A Successful Experi- 
ment pp. 103-120 



Their Movements are Controlled by Their Volition — They are In- 
stinctive and Natural — They are not Guided by Knowledge — 
Time and Space there Known — Spirits Passing To and From 
the Earth — Entrance to the First Sphere — Avenues of Commu- 
nication — The Time Required for Spirits to Go from the Earth 
to the Heavens and Vice Versa — Their Sensations while Tra- 
versing Space — Their Movements through our Atmosphere — 
Certain Spirits can Trace Us — Spirits and the Remains of A. 
T. Stewart — Spirits and the Murder of Mrs. Hull — Powers of 
Spirits Limited — Few Spirits Visit the Polar Regions — The 
Doctrine of Magnetic Currents. 


Few Spirits Compelled to Revisit the Earth — The Majority do not 
Return — The Majority Disbelieve in the Fact of Intercourse 
with Mortals — Instances in Illustration — Mr. Owen still Engaged 
in Disseminating the Truth. 



Difficult Questions to Solve — The Rule and Exceptions to It — Cer- 
tain, at Least, of the Planets Inhabited — Spirits Deny that the 
Sun is a Vast Globe of Fire — The Sun and Moon Inhabited — 
Ability of Spirits to Visit Other Heavenly Bodies, .pp. 131-135 



Every Adult Mortal has a Guardian Spirit — Their Peculiar Qualifica- 
tions — How Appointed — They are Our Monitors as well as 


Guardians — Their Duties and Powers — They Make Note of Our 
Conduct and Report to Higher Intelligences — Good and Bad 
Acts Registered — The Record — Silence Enjoined upon Guar- 
dians when in the Presence of Their Wards — Mental Questions 
Answered through their Agency — Any Spirit Who Claims to be 
Our Guardian Speaks falsely. 


In All Ages it Has Been Thus — The Characteristics of Good Spirits 
— Spirits in the Heavens Above the Third Incapable of Decep- 
tion — The Rule by which to Determine the Moral Status of 
Spirits — There Have Been as Many Martyrs to Error and Folly 
as to Truth. 


The Difficulties Enumerated — Why so Few Communicate — Spiritu- 
alists when They Pass Over find it More Difficult to Communi- 
cate than They Supposed — A Cause of Erroneous Replies and 
Teachings by Spirits— Like Us They mistake Their Opinions 
for Knowledge — We frequently Influence their Opinions — 
Prohibited Knowledge — No Common Highway of Communica- 
tion pp. 136-147 



In Controlling a Medium a Spirit Does Not Enter the Body of the 
Former — Method of Controlling — Trance Mediums — The Diffi- 
culties to be Encountered — Mr. Owen's Experience in Speaking 
through a Medium — Spirits commonly Read Their Addresses 
from Spiritual Manuscript — Speaking Exhausts Spirits — Re- 
searches in Science by Spirits — One Means by which They Ac- 
quire Knowledge — As to Our Thoughts Reaching Spirits — An 
Error of Swedenborg — Thoughts are not More Tangible to 
Spirits than to Us — Our Memory is a Sealed Volume to Spirits. 


Their Memory of Earthly Events not So Good as that of Mortals — 
No Reason why We should Remember Everything — The Mem- 
ory of their Misdeeds Haunts Guilty Spirits — Mr, Owen's Mem- 


ory — A Spirit in Tliree Years Forgetting nearly Everything 
Relating to his Earth-Life — Certain Spirits for a Long Period of 
Time Retain their Memory of Earthly Events — The Difficulties 
under which Their Defective Memory places Them when Com- 
municating With Us — Spirits taking Notes — Forgetting Proptr 
Names — Parallel Cases with Us — Spirits whose Memory is Best 
— [t is For the Best — We Carry with Us all Useful Knowledge — 
Why We do not Receive New and Higher Truths. . .pp. 148-168 



Few Spirits distinctly perceive Earthly Objects— Low Spirits gene- 
rally Perceive them Best — How the Sight of Spirits is Affected 
— Our Guardians can perceive Us Distinctly, Few Others Can 
— Our Bodies and Clothing not Transparent to Spirits — Certain 
rare Exceptions to This Rule — Our Spirits Invisible to All Dis- 
embodied Spirits- -How Spirits are Affected by Earthly Light 
and Darkness — Spiritual Light — Few Spirits able to Read 
Written or Printed Characters — Certain Spirits able to Read 
Closed Books and Manuscript. 


Ordinarily few Spirits excepting Guardians are able to Hear Us 
Converse — When Mediums are present They are Able to Hear 
Us — The State of the Weather affects Their Power — Owing to 
Their imperfectly Understanding us They frequently draw 
Wrong Conclusions. 


Most Spirits are Able to Pass Through Walls of Stone and Wood — 
All Material Substances are Equally Substantial to Spirits — 
Transporting Small Objects through the Air — Certain Gross and 
Degraded Spirits unable to Pass Through Matter — No Spirits 
possess the Power to Penetrate below the Surface of the Earth 
or a Body of Water — Contact with Spirits — Their Vision cannot 
ordinarily Penetrate Spiritual Substance. 

C0x\Ti-;Nrs. XI 


They are Affected by Cold and Hea,t as We Are — Strong- Winds and 
Storm}' Weather are Disagreeable to Them — The Effects that 
Would Follow from Contact with Fire — They are Sensitive to 
Odors and Perfumes — If Exposed they are Liable to Sea-sick- 
ness pp. 109-180 



The Processes are of a Scientific Nature — But certain Low Spirits 
appear t ) Naturally Possess the Power — The Methods of Pro- 
cedure by Spirits in Cabinet Seances — Eepresenting an Adult 
Spirit who passed Away in Childhood as Still a Child — Spiritual 
Birds sometimes Brought to Earth and Materialized — Spiritual 
Flowers frequently Brought and Materialized — Haunting Spirits 
are Materialized in Greater or Less Deirrees — Permanent Mate- 
rialization of Persons and Inanimate Objects Impossible — All 
Spirits when Visiting the Earth become More or Less Material- 
ized — All Objects brought here Also Become in Degree Materi- 


The Legendary Phantom Ship not a Myth — Spiritual Ships are 
Constructed and Sailed by the Spirits of Mariners — Where the 
Materials Come From — Spectral Railway Trains are Realities — 
How and by Whom Constructed — Never Seen by Mortals in a 
Strong Light — Sometimes perceived Clairvoyantly — Spectral 
Men in Armor — Generally perceived Clairvoyantly — Have Most 
frequently Been Seen in the Highlands of Scotland. 


The Raps Produced by Strokes with a Materialized Hand or Knuckle 
or Other small Spiritual Object — Articles of Furniture Moved by 
Materialized Spirit Hands. Neither Electricity nor Magnetism 
the Agent Employed — Spirit Lights — How Produced — How 
Levitation is Effected. 

xii contp:nts, 


Trance Induced by Disembodied Spirits — Their Object in Producing' 
It — By What Means it is Induced — All Trance Subjects are 
Mediums — The Visions of Trance Subjects are only Impressions 
made on the Mind by the Operating Spirits — The Thoughts of 
the Latter become Mental Pictures pp. 181-189 



They are Capable of Influencing certain Animals — Bible Instances 
— Certain Domestic Animals sometimes Perceive Spirits — Ani- 
mals should have Spiritual Organisms— Mischievous or Vicious 
Spirits sometimes Influence Animals to Injure Mortals — Spirits 
sometimes Amuse Themselves vs^ith Domestic Animals. 


Some of Them Do — Extreme Caution should be Exercised in Inter- 
course with Such Spirits — We Should be Gruided by Our Own 
Judgment — Under what Circumstances it may be Safe to Con- 
sult Spirits on Business Affairs — Their Mission is to Instruct 
and Guide Us in the Right. 


Where can Departed Spirits find Space in which to Exist ? — We call 
Figures to Our Assistance — The Problem then Easily Solved — 
There is Room for All — The Vastness of Space — Our Compre- 
hension is Limited pp. 190-195 


This Description Fragmentary — Other Investigators will Add to It 
—This, the Child-Life of The Spirit— Our Glorious Destiny— 
" Hope on, O Weary Heart." pp. 195-197 


The problems of the ages, have been, What are we? 
Whence came we ? and, Whither are we bound ? Of these 
the last is the most momentous, and it is the object of this 
work to aid in the solution of this problem so that other 
investigators may be assisted in advancing a step fm-ther, 
and in theii' turn enlighten the paths for others who may 
succeed them in exploring the reahties and mysteries of 
that world to which we are all hastening, and of which even 
a httle knowledge may be of service in preparing us for our 
introduction to it. 

There are three stages in the progTess of spiritual knowl- 
edge. We have not yet substantially advanced beyond the 
first stage, that of observation and examination of the 
kno^Ti facts. The orderly arrangement and classification 
of these belong to the second stage, and is a work, the most 
of wliich yet remains to be accomphshed. When this is 
done there still remains the task of deducing and estab- 
hshing the laws that govern them. Our knowledge of the 
facts themselves, which is essential to any considerable 
progTess, is yet limited, and it is owing to this, principally, 


that so little progress lias been made in tlieir classification 
and the knowled^'e of theii' laws. 


" Facts are the basis of philosophy ; 
Philosophy the harmony of facts 
Seen in their rioht relation." 


Some of the statements contained in this volume are of 
such a novel and incredible character that I cannot suppose 
my Spiritualist friends will, at least at first, be able to ac- 
cept them, but I trust they will remember that the tiTith 
is not always probable, and therefore will carefully consider 
and weigh before they reject, for I feel assured that such a 
course will result in their acceptance of at least some of 
the statements which at first they will deem incredible, if 
not impossible. When these statements have thus been 
subjected to careful and imjDartial examination, and viewed 
in the light of other estabhshed facts, and of other knowl- 
edge of spiritual things, should my friends be unable to 
accept certain of them I shall expect them to fi-eely and 
unreservedly ex]3ress their dissent. I have no dread of 
honest, inteUigent criticism ; this I invite from fiiend and 
foe ; this alone I expect from the friends of the cause, while 
from its enemies I am prepared to meet with little argxi- 
ment, but much ridicule, and even my veracity may be 
called in c|uestion'. But this also I can bear, relying with 
perfect confidence upon the results of the future researches 
of earnest and able minds in our ranks, through the most 
accomplished and reliable mediums, to confirm and estab- 
hsh the truths, for the conveyance to the world of which I 


am onlr tlie liumble instrument. These revelations are 
only fra<;-mentai-\' and are but an installment of Avliat will 
be mven to the world throuidi other instrumentalities 
^vithin the next quarter of a century, and I even hox)e, here- 
after, to be able to add other new facts and new truths to 
those here presented. 

Those of 111}' readers Avho are famihar with my work, 
T/ie Identity of Frimitwe Christianity and Modern Spiritual- 
ism, ^^ill notice that certain statements, mostly explanatory, 
contained in this volume are at variance with certain others 
made in that work. This should be ex]3ected when the 
numerous facts noticed and questions discussed in that 
work are considered, and for the explanation of which, in 
part, I had to depend upon the observation, experience, 
and opinions of others, while in the present volume I have 
confined myself almost wdiolly to the presentation of the 
recorded teachings of my spirit instructors, and so far from 
being disappointed mth the contradictions which appear I 
am equally sui'j)rised and gTatified that they are not more 
numerous. I will here remark, that in no instance in this 
work have I suppressed an opinion or statement of fact in 
the teachings of my instructors on account of its being 
contradictory to what I have stated in my former work. 

Some of the information contained in this volume v^as 
given in reply to questions which required of my instruct- 
ors from one to three months to answer. 

The medium who has been the channel of communica- 
tion with my spirit instructors is Charles B. Kenney, of 



Brooklyn, N. Y., who is controlled exclusively by two 
Indian spirits, and there are three other spirits to whom I 
am indebted for the revelations contained in this volume. 
These are, my father, formerly a clergyman, who entered 
spirit-life half a centnry since, Robert Dale Owen, and 
George Henry Bernard ; the latter in this life having been 
a cotton and shipping merchant at New Orleans, from 
which place he passed to spirit life about forty years ago. 

It is proper that I should here state my reasons for 
assuming the identity of these spirits. These reasons are 
as follow : 

1st. For nearly eight years, during which time I have 
been intimately acquainted and associated with Charles 
B. Kenney, the medium, I have ever found him as a man 
strictly tiTithful and honest, and as a medium the most 
gifted and reliable I have known, and this reliability I 
attribute in a great measure to the fact of his medium- 
ship for communication having been, with a few rare 
exceptions, restricted to assisting me in the work in which 
I have been engaged. His character in all respects is 
beyond reproach or suspicion, and he is highly esteemed 
by all who are acquainted with him. 

2nd. For these eight years, during which I have been 
in almost daily communication with the two Indian spirits 
who exclusively control him, I have invariably found them 
as truthful and honest as the medium himself, devoted to 
my interests, and solicitous for my welfare, as witnessed in 
numerous and constantly occurring instances, their lan- 
guage and acts at aU times evidently being prompted by 


feelmgs, not simply of regard, but of devoted affection. 
From this extended association with and experience of 
them I claim that I am justified in pronouncing them 
strictly honest and reliable to the extent of their knowl- 

od. During these eight years m}' spirit father has, 
through this medium, been in almost daily communica- 
tion with me, and until Robert Dale Owen passed from 
earth it was my father iipon whom I chiefly depended for 
assistance in acquiring information in relation to the spirit 
world and hfe. Although I availed myself of every oppor- 
tunity of obtaining information from other spirit friends, 
and although it was during the first year or two that I 
more especially tested his identity on every possible occa- 
sion, and always with satisfactory results, yet from that 
time to the present I have in no instance permitted an 
opportunity to escape of applying other tests, and with 
like results. In addition to this evidence the two Lidians 
have, from the first, assured me of his identity, as have all 
my other spirit fiiends who from time to time have com- 
municated with me through, not only this but other me- 
diums, in whom I have confidence. I may also state that 
the joroofs of his affection and watchful care are numerous 
and striking. 

4dh. As to the identity of Mr. Owen. A year or two 
before he passed fi'om earth he made the acquaintance of 
my medium, and formed a high opinion of him, both as a 
man and medium, and at my seances he also became ac- 
quainted "svith his two Indian guides, of w^hom he formed 


an equally liigli opinion, and tlius lie and tliey were ac- 
quainted previous to his passing away. 

5//i. Mr. Owen during liis last visit to me, being aware 
of liis approaching dissolution, repeatedly promised to 
communicate with me through the medium as soon as 
possible after entering spirit life, his last promise being 
made on the day he left my house, and only nine days 
previous to his decease. He also promised to assist me 
from the other side in my labors. 

Gth. At the first seance I had with my medium after 
Mr. Owen's decease, the Lidian sjDirit controlling an- 
nounced his presence, assuring me in the most emphatic 
and direct manner' of his being the identical Mr. Owen 
whom he and I had kno^vn in the flesh, and from that 
time to the present, at all seances, I have depended upon 
him to announce his presence, and he having been person- 
ally acquainted with him when in the flesh, must have 
been able to recognise him in spirit, so there can be no 
mistake in regard to this question, and the only remaining 
question is as to his truthfuhiess in constantly testifying 
to Mr. Owen's identity. This question is aflirmatively 
answered if it be conceded that eight years of intimate 
association with, and experimental knowledge of him and 
his companion, entitle me to a correct determination of 
their truthfulness and reliability, as it would of the truth- 
fulness and reliability of a mortal friend with whom, for 
an equal period of time, I may have sustained the most in- 
timate relations. 

lih. From the time Mr. Owen first communicated with 


me tlirougli oui' medium to the present I have availed my- 
self of fi-equent opportunities of testing Ids identity, and 
the results have always been satisfactoiT, and beside this 
he has fi-equently, of his o^ii accord, referred to incidents 
and cii'cumstances with which he and I alone were fami- 
lial*, and to conversations between us in eaii;h life, and to 
agi'eements and differences of opinion, and in one instance 
even refeiTed to and resumed a conversation in which we 
had engaged, but which was interiaipted, when he at one 
time was visiting me previous to j)assing away. 

Up to the time that 3Ii'. Owen became associated with 
mv father on the other side, as one of my instiTictors, the 
method of communication thi'ough the medium had been 
for his principal guide to control him, and then communi- 
cate to me, in imj^erfect English, what was said to him by 
my other sjDiiit fiiends, but to my suiprise, the fii'st time 
]Mr. Owen addressed me thi'ough the medium he did so 
directly, and in language free from imperfect pronuncia- 
tion, in fact in unobjectionable Enghsh, The course pur- 
sued then and at all subsecjuent seances by my spiiit 
instructors in estabhshing and maintaining a line of com- 
munication between them and myself, thi'ough the medium, 
is as follows. 

My spirit fiiends being present, and seated in chaii's 
previously arranged so that I shall face them and the medi- 
um, his principal Indian controller takes j)ossession of him, 
rendering? him absolutely unconscious, then the Indian 
companion of the controller, in turn, psychologizes the 


latter, reducing liim to a similar state of unconsciousness. 
There are now two absolutely insensible mediums, one on 
eacli side of tlie dividing line between the material and 
spiritual worlds, and both united in the most intimate 
psj^chological relationship, in close and perfect rapport. 
After the companion of the controller has psychologized 
the latter his further and sole duty, during the seance, is 
to steadily maintain his influence over him, and thus insure 
a state of insensibihty and consequently of passivity on his 

The channel of communication between the two worlds 
noAV being open all that is required of either of my instruc- 
tors who may desire to communicate with me is for him, 
while directing his attention to the psychologized Indian 
spirit and ignoring the medium on this side, to address 
the words intended for me directly to him, as if he were 
the mouth-j)iece of a speaking tube, or a telephone, and on 
the instant the words are audibly and natui-ally expressed, 
by the lips of the medium, and thus a direct line of com- 
munication is established between them and myself. 
Should the sj^uit speaking aUow his attention to be di- 
verted from the sjDirit medium the line of communication 
becomes momentarily interrupted. It matters not how 
many spirits are present, they can all in turn, with equal 
facility, directly communicate through this channel, and 
not only is each word fully and clearly expressed in the 
order in which it is uttered by them, but even the accentu- 
ation and emphasis, are conveyed with accuracy. The 
great, and heretofore generally considered insuperable dif- 


ficiilty of correctly and reliabty impressing tlie brain of the 
medium ^itli the language, as well as the ideas of the com- 
municating spirit, is by this method completely overcome. 
But notT\'ithstanding many spirits may be present, and 
able to communicate, yet, since Mr. Owen first communi- 
cated mth me no earthly friend has been permitted to be 
jn-esent at any seance. He says they have received imper- 
ative orders from higher powers to exclude all, and against 
my inclination I am compelled to submit to what, at least 
at first view, appears to be arbitrary rule. 

My researches in the spirit world have tended to con- 
vince me that nothing in relation to sj^irits and their world 
is impossible, and I here desire to impress upon the mind 
of the reader the fact that few rules laid down in this work 
are Tsithout exceptions, especially endowed individuals and 
special facts constantly presenting themselves to invalidate 
claims that may be made for invariable rules. 

Also, in my researches, I have constantly been impressed 
vdth the numerous unequivocal proofs of the creative and 
sustaining power of Deity, and step by step I have been 
led to undoubtingly believe that He, though not in human 
form, is every where present, the Creator, Preserver, and 
Supreme Controller of all things, literally God in the most 
comj)rehensive sense of the term, in Whom is all wisdom, 
and power, and whose infinite love extends to all His 

This is the effect of these investigations upon my mind, 
and I am disposed to believe that similar and more ex- 



tended researclies by others, in tlie future, will lead all 
true earnest Spiritualists to the same belief, and thus Mod- 
ern Spiritualism will be stamped with the highest quahty 
and faculty of true religion, that of correct, though neces- 
sarily limited conceptions of God's character, of His rela- 
tions to us, and of ours to Him. 




The Spirit and Soul. Death, the Birth of the Spirit. Temporary 
Desertion of the Body by the Spirit. 


EmbocTiecT man is a trinity, constituted of physical body, 
sjDiiitual body, and soul or essence. Disembodied man is 
a duality, constituted of spiritual body, and soul. In 
speaking of these it is more conyenient to use the terms 
body, spii'it, and soul, and throughout this work they are 
most commonly thus designated. 

I beheye that the spiritual body, or organism, in its en- 
tirety, constitutes the mdiyidual man, the soul or essence 
being an integi'al, unsegregated portion of the All-j)er- 
yading Spirit, a spark of Deity, by yirtue of which man is 

The physical and spiritual bodies I beheye to be coeyal 
in origin. The earth is the nursery and j)rimary school 
for both the physical and spiritual natures of men. It is 


here tliey originate, and here it is intended they shall be 
developed, and developed simultaneously and equally, but 
when premature death of the physical body occurs the 
sjjiritual body, then translated, continues to grow in stature 
and proportions the same as if the union had not been pre- 
maturely dissolved. 

The spiritual body is not constituted of matter cogni- 
zable bv the natural human senses, but nevertheless it is 
constituted of matter in a refined or sublimated form, and 
in itself is substantial. Electricity and magnetism are not 
elements, but forces, therefore the spiritual body is not 
constituted of either or both of these. The substance of 
wliich it is composed probably bears the same relations to 
the spirit-world that the physical body does to the mate- 
rial, and force operates upon and through both. 

The question as to the period of gestation when it may 
be truly considered that the foetus becomes a living soul is 
difficult, if not impossible to answer, but it probably is 
much earlier than is generally supposed. I have had re- 
peated and convincing evidence that a foetus of the fourth 
month, in one instance at least, was endowed with im- 
mortal life. 

There are human beings so imperfectly developed, spirit- 
ually and mentally, so low in the scale of creation, so de- 
based, that at death they share the fate of animals. With 
this life their existence terminates. 

There are no such beings as elementaries, elementals, 
fairies, elves, sprites, gTiomes, kobolds, fauns, satyrs, or 
demons. No such sub-human or semi-human beings exist 
in the spirit world. They are solely creatures of the 
imagination, poetical, superstitious fancies. 

Animals equally with man have organized spiritual bodies, 
but whilst with man his spiritual body is so constituted 
that it continues to exist as an entity when separated from 


the pliysicLil, A\'itli animals their spiritual bodies, not being 
similarly constituted, are at death resolved into their 
original spiritual elements. 

The structural substance of spirits in the flesh is more 
plastic and yielding than that of spirits out of the flesh, 
and conforms readily to the physical deformities, such as 
chib-feet, curved spine, etc., but very soon after the spirit 
is born into spirit life the sjoiritual body acquires the per- 
fection and permanence of form Avhich afterwards charac- 
terize it. AVhen a spirit is emerging from the mortal body 
the spirit attendants, if their services are required, handle 
the liberated parts with the 'utmost delicacy, and tender- 
ness, for until the birth is accomplished the density of the 
spiritual body is insufiicient to effectually resist the pres- 
sure exerted in handling it, and temporary suffering would, 
and sometimes does result from want of proper care and 
attention in this respect, on the part of inconsiderate spirit 

Contrary to my former belief I find that spiritual limbs 
do not project from the stumps of amputated limbs. It 
appears that they are retracted into the portions of the 
limbs remaining, or where these are entirely deficient into 
the body itself. At my request my instructors and other 
of my spmt fi'iends noticed all the crippled persons that 
■ came under their observation, and even intentionally sought 
them, and the result was that in no single instance were 
they able to perceive any j)ortion of a spiritual limb where 
the physical hmb was wanting. And we will perceive that 
it should be thus when we consider that a projecting 
spiiitual hmb, a leg for instance, would constantly be hable 
to accidents, attended mth more or less temporary suffer- 
ing to the spirit. Those instances in which projecting 
spiritual limbs have apparently been clairvoyantly per- 
ceived, may be accounted for by supposmg the appearan- 


ces to have been psycliological images of former limbs oc- 
cupying the places made vacant by their loss. In the 
experience of some of the most accomplished mesmerists 
many instances have occurred in which the images of 
persons and objects have been clairvoyantly perceived by 
their sensitives in j)laces then vacant, but which had pre- 
viousty been occupied by these persons and objects. 

Spirits rarely meet with accidents, but sometimes these 
occur, and when they are severe they suffer more or less, 
but their sufferings are never protracted nor severe. Their 
persons are not subject to the possibihty of mutilation, 
fi^acture, dislocation of limbs, or any permanent injury. 


" As the outer life recedes, 

Inner worlds unfold to view ; 
For thee bloom the fragrant meads, 
Mantled o'er with crystal dew. 

" Angel friends thy soul embrace ; 

Angel-life would blend with thine ; 
Welcome to the eternal race, 
To the heavenly muse's shrine." 

— Harris. 

Life is a succession of degrees ; the last in this hfe and 
the first in the other are as intimately related as those 
that precede and follow. The Jordan of death is no dark 
stream, but a shining river, over which the good and the 
just are securely borne in the arms of angels. Death robs 
humanity of nothing ; all that it claims are the cast-off 
robes of mortahty. But death is productive of one greg^t 
change, it assorts us all and places every man on his own 
proper footing ; it exalts some and debases others, and 
never makes a mistake. Death is the revealer of souls. - 


Occasioually the spirit suffers more or less in the act of 
leaviiii^" the body. INIr. Owen told me that he was at one 
time, not long before, present at a death scene, when the 
si^irit being partiall}' delivered, and conscious, exclaimed, 
" O Lord, deliver me out of this body from my pain and 
suffering ! " But such instances are uncommon. This 
person w'as a young man, of a material cast of mind, wholly 
attached to this world, and averse to leaving it, and who 
had been suddenly stricken by the hand of death. At 
the time Mr. Owen related this circumstance, only a few 
months after his decease, he said he had witnessed two 
other separations of the spirit from the body, and both 
these were easily and painlessly accomj)lished. He also 
said that in each of these instances the process of separa- 
tion was the same ; first the head emerged from the mate- 
rial head, then successively, the shoulders, arms, chest, 
body, and lower hmbs, the spirit as it came into view pre- 
-sentmg its perfect form. The emergence of the spiritual 
body was in a horizontal direction, in a line with the pros- 
trate physical form, the entire spiritual person issuing from 
the head of the latter. 

It matters not to the departing spirit whether its body 
Hes on cotton, feathers, wool, or straw. No substance upon 
which the body reposes can in the slightest degree acceler- 
ate or retard the birth of the spirit, or influence it favor- 
ably or unfavorably. 

The moment a spirit has left its body a window should 
be opened to facilitate its departure, otherwise, in many 
cases, this may be delayed for so long a time as to cause 
much inconvenience, and possibly some suffering, either to 
the new bom sj)mt or its anxious spiiit friends. This 
question of the necessity of providing means of egTess had 
been discussed at different times, at our meetings, without 
reaching any satisfactory solution, when a spirit friend of 


Mr. Owen invited him to accompany him to the bedside of 
a dying sister. He accepted the invitation, and after the 
spirit had become released from the body its spirit friends 
were unable to remove it from the room through the 
walls, but were comj)elled to wait until a person present 
opened a window, when the unconscious spirit was borne 
through it in the arms of its friends. 

Mr. Owen is of the opinion that new born spirits can- 
not, as a rule, even when conscious, immediately pass 
through solid walls, and generally their friends are unable 
to carry unconscious spirits through them. From what he 
has learned of this subject, from his own obsei-vation, and 
from others who have given attention to it, he has con- 
cluded that the great majority of spirits who do not lose 
consciousness while dying do so very soon afterward, and 
while in this condition their friends convey them to their 
spirit homes, and he urges in all cases the propriety of 
opening a window soon after the spirit leaves the body. 

Those w^ho pass aw^ay under the influence of narcotics, 
even when their habits have been strictly proper, are often 
unconscious of their change for days, while drunkards, 
debauchees, and others whose spiritual as well as physical 
systems have become vitiated and exhausted of vitality 
from gross abuse, frequently remain in an unconscious 
state for weeks, and even months, it being only by slow 
degrees and the assiduous efforts of their spirit friends 
that they are aroused to a realization of the changed con- 
ditions of their existence. 

It is true, as said by Swedenborg, that " many spirits 
possessing very strong earthly affections cannot on their 
arrival in the spiritual world beheve that they have quitted 
the earth ; they oftepi remain a long time in this uncertamty." 

The S23irit is born naked into the next life, but minis- 
tering spirits, unless it be in cases of sudden death, are 


always present provided with garments witli wliicli to clothe 
the emancipated spirit, and not a sudden death occurs which 
is not immediately known in the third or fourth heaven by 
certain spirits, whose duty it is to immediately proceed to 
the assistance of the new born spirit, provided with suita- 
ble raiment. They also understand the means that are 
best adapted to restore consciousness, if this be sus]3ended, 
and the strength, if exhausted, and they employ these 
means, and as soon as circumstances permit they assist in 
conveying the spirit to its proper sphere or heaven. Thus 
it is that those who die without any spirit relatives or 
friends to care for them are aiways provided for. 

Upon our passing over and first meeting our spirit friends 
they have the power, by an exercise of the will, to ap- 
pear to us as they appeared on earth, so that they shall 
be recognized by us, but soon after we have reached our 
sjoirit homes they resume their proper spiritual appearance, 
and their identity now having been fully established in our 
minds, no doubts of it arise thereafter. 

Until decomposition of the body commences, or it is 
placed on ice, or deposited in the ground, or by some other 
means its lingering remains of magnetic life are extin- 
guished, a certain degree of sympathy or affinity sometimes 
continues to exist between the sj)irit and its cast-off re- 
mains, but after either of these events takes place it almost 
invariably ceases, and thereafter no suffering can be inflict- 
ed on the spirit l)y any violence done to its earthly remains. 
But ordinarily after the spirit has departed from the body 
it experiences no discomfort from any disposition or treat- 
ment of the latter, and spirits rarely feel any serious in- 
terest in the c^uestion, how their earthly bodies shall be 
disposed of. 

Intense gTief manifested by the friends of a departing 
spirit renders the transition more difficult, and more or 


less painful ; sometimes extremely so. It should never be 
indulged in, or at least in the presence of the dying person. 
Spirits are gratified with every mark of love and affection 
on the part of their earthly friends, and many times feel 
■\vounded and hurt when such sentiments are not manifest- 
ed, but only weak, vain, and frivolous spuits apj)rove lavish 
expenditure on tombs, and monuments to theu' memoiy, 
and in those instances where the sui'^dvors are unable to 
afford such expenditure sensible spirits are grieved at the 
injudicious course pursued by them. 

te:mpoeary desertion of the body by the spirit. 

Until December, 1877, I was sceptical as to the possi- 
bility of a spuit in the flesh temj)orarily leaving its body, 
and my spuitual instructors shared my doubts, when, at a 
seance at that date, Mr. Owen said he had the j)revious 
night obtained knowledge in relation to a subject which 
we had frequently discussed, and he thought when I 
learned the nature of it it would be as gratifying to me as 
it had been to him. 

He then proceeded to say that on the j)re^ious day, in a 
conversation between him and my father on one side and 
a sj)irit of intelligence and experience on the other, this 
Cjuestion was introduced by my friends, and they said they 
did not believe it possible for the spirit of a mortal to 
leave its body and return to and re-occupy it. The spirit 
whom they addressed replied that they were in error, and 
pro|)osed to make this evident to them by conducting them 
to the presence of a lady whose spirit frequentty left the 
body and returned to it vvdiile asleep, and suggested the 
possibility of their being able to obtain the e-\ddence of the 
truth of his assertion that veiy night. They accepted 
the invitation, and about eleven o'clock j)roceeded to the 


dwelling" of tlie lady, entered her bed-cliamber, Avhere they 
found her asleep, and awaited events. Their conductor at 
intervals made mesmeric passes over and concentrated his 
attention upon her, and in less than an hour, to their sur- 
prise, the}' saw her spirit emerge from her body, and after 
a moment of aj^parent indecision pass through the walls of 
the building and pursue a coiu'se in the direction of the 
ocean, over which she and the}' passed until she reached a 
ship, when she entered the cabin, and from thence a state- 
room, where she bent over the sleeping form of a young man. 
Here she remained but a single minute, when she returned 
by a direct course to her des'erted body, and after a mo- 
ment's delay re-entered it. My friends accompanied her 
fi'om the time she left her body until she returned, she not 
being conscious of their j)resence. Her movements w^re 
not as rapid as those of spirits usually are. 

The spirit who furnished this opportunity for my friends 
to satisfy" themselves of the truth of his statement, had re- 
peatedly been a witness to similar occurrences on the j)art 
of 'the spirit of this lad}', in whom he was interested, and 
said that her spiiit always took the same course in its 
flight, namely, towards the ship, of which it seems her son 
was first officer. Her sohcitude on his account attracted 
her spirit to him. 

In the few moments they had to observe the deserted 
body, they found it to present a perfectly lifeless appear- 
ance. It was the opinion of their friend, and it is now, 
after obtaining further information from other sources, 
their opinion also, that two or three minutes are as long 
as a spnit can with safety remain absent from its body, 
and in instances where people are found dead in their beds 
the real cause frequently is that the spirits, having left 
theu' bodies under such circumstances, have remained so 
long absent fhat they find it impossible to regain entrance 


to them. It is also absolutely necessary for tlie wandering 
spirit to keep its thoughts steadily fixed on its vacant body, 
so that magnetic relations may be sustained, and this some- 
times is very difficult as the mind of the spirit at such 
times is in a dazed, semi-conscious state, in most respects 
resembling that of an ordinary somnambulist. 

It is only when the person is asleep, or entranced, that 
the spirit is able to leave the body, and it is only with per- 
sons possessing medial powers that it is at all possible, and 
even with them it rarely occurs. My instructors are con- 
vinced fi'oni their later researches in this direction, that all 
such excursions of spirits of mortals are limited to earth, 
and that it is not possible to extend their visits to even the 
lowest of the heavens. 

When an embodied spirit temporarily leaves its body it 
is generally assisted by its guardian spirit, sometimes by 
others, and a mantle or robe is provided with which the 
released spirit is clothed the moment it emerges from the 
body, and when it is prepared to re-enter the garment is 
removed. There is no magnetic line, visible to spiritual 
eyes, connecting the absent spirit with its body. 



" There is a World in space, a world of mind, 

Of substance so ethereal that the sphere 
Of its perfection, like a sonl enshrined 

In God's own beauty, shines in brightness clear, 
Invisible to men of outward sight." 

By tlie term, spirit-world, we mean the system or series 
of heavens, or zones, which are associated with our planet, 
and which revolve with it, both in its diurnal and solar 
revolutions, and which are fixed in their relations to it, 
while the phrase, spiritual world, comprehends the vast 
spiritual realm to which spirits from our earth and from 
all other worlds are equally related. Other planets than 
ours, in our solar system, also have spfrit worlds, or heav- 
ens, encirchng them, but as we know nothing of these it 
will be found more convenient and explicit for us to restrict 
the use of the term, spirit-world, to that immediately as- 
sociated with our earth, and in this sense we have used it 
throughout this work. 

Many, perhaps the majority of spirits having never given 
the subject any consideration, if asked, what is the form of 
their world, would reply, that of a globe, like the earth. 
It is natiu'al for them to think so, having in earth-hfe been 
taught that this world is spherical in form, and the heavens 
they inhabit presenting to their view an appearance in 
most respects similar to that of the earth they naturally 


conclude, unless otherwise instructed, that the spirit world 
also is a spiritual globe. This conception of the form of 
the spirit-world is entirely erroneous, it really being con- 
stituted of a series of spiritual belts, or zones, one above 
the other, encircling the earth parallel to the equator, and 
in width extending about sixty or seventy degrees north 
and south of the latter. 

In the second volume of my work. The Identity of Prim- 
itive Chridianity and Modern Spiritualism, I gave the dis- 
tances of the heavens or spheres from the earth, and each 
other, u23on the judgment of my spirit friends, and I then 
said, "in assigning these respective distances to these 
spheres my spirit friends desired me to distinctly under- 
stand that they are necessarily, to a considerable extent, 
conjectural, and hable to error." This question, therefore, 
remaining an open one, they did not cease their inquiries 
and observations in this direction, and now, after the lapse 
of live years, they are able to furnish me with more exact 
information in relation to this subject. This information 
was obtained by them from records existing in the spirit- 
world, which advanced and wise spirits regard as reliable, 
and authentic. I will premise by saying that the spiritual 
sphere immediately surrounding and in contact with the 
earth which sometimes is termed the first, though not by 
S]3irits themselves, is not here taken into account. 

According to their revised statement, the first sj)here, 
zone, or heaven — they term all the spheres heavens — is 
distant from the earth 550 miles. The second is distant 
from the first 100 miles, and between each of the others, 
above the second certainly up to the eighteenth, the dis- 
tance is 50 miles. Of the distances between the heavens 
above this the records make no statement. This brings the 
seventh heaven within one thousand miles of the earth, and 
provided the distances between the heavens above the eigh- ' 


teeiitli are the same as below it, tlie fortieth lieaven sliould 
be between two and three thousand miles from the earth. 

At niY request, my instructors made careful observation 
of the temperature at ditterent distances from the earth, 
with the following results. In passing upward they found 
the cold to increase for a distance of about ten miles, when 
the temperature became stationary for perhaps ninety, but 
about twenty-five miles beyond this it became comparatively 
mild, and this temj^erature continued until within about 
one hundi'ed and fifty miles of the first sphere, when it 
again became intensely cold, and so continued until within 
about fifty miles of that sphere, when the temperature 
again became mild and dehghtful. They formed their 
judgment of the distances by noting and comparing the 
time requii'ed to traverse them. 

It ma}^ here be remarked, that in no respect are my 
spirit instructors more emphatic and positive in their 
declarations, than in that of the actuality and substantiality 
of their world. They fully appreciate the fact that happi- 
ness and misery are more dependent on conditions than 
locahty, but while acknowledging this important truth they 
strenuously insist upon the due consideration of the col- 
lateral truth, of locality and substantiality in relation to the 
spu'it-world, and of the reality, objectively and subjectively, 
of life in that world. It is a real world and its inhabitants 
are those who have gone from here with all their instincts, 
affections, inchnations, passions, virtues and vices, aiid 
there they congregate in cities, or dwell apart from these, 
as they formerly did here, and while none are worse than 
many among us, the majority are better than we are, and 
are constantly progressing in that life. The spirit-world is 
not an indefinite and indefinable region in space, but as 
fixed and determined as our own earth in the solar system. 
There we vrill hve active and real lives, and have natural 


and substantial homes to live in, and tliere we will have a 
practical and joyful work to perform, wliich will be made 
glorious in its results if we clioose to make it so. So 
nearty does that world in many respects resemble our own 
that many who pass thence, for a time, are unable to believe 
that they have made the transition ; they believe them- 
selves to be dreaming. There is nothing unreal and spec- 
tral about the spirit world. This world, with its sohd 
mountains, its rock-ribbed coasts, its vast plains and vaster 
oceans, is not more substantial than and not so permanent 
and enduring in character as all that constitutes that world, 
and if the concurrent testimony of intelligent spirits can 
be relied on, this in comparison, from their side, is the 
shadowy land, theirs the real. Theirs may be said to be 
a substantial reflection of this, where is to be found every- 
thing that is natural to this world. There are earth, rock, 
metallic veins, precious stones, forests aboundmg in every 
variety of trees, and indeed there are all the conceivable 
varieties of mineral and vegetable formations that are 
known to us. There are also substances corresponding to 
silk, linen, cotton, and wool, in their natural conditions, so 
that the proper skill and tools only are necessary to con- 
vert them into objects of use, and beauty, and this skill, 
and these tools also, are to be found there, and the former 
is exercised in every conceivable way. 

The lower forms in the scale of animal life are not repre- 
sented there, no insects, reptiles, etc., nor are certain un- 
sightly species of vegetation, but the higher forms of ani- 
mal life, and most forms of vegetable life, together with 
those of the inorganic kingdom, are there found, and 
their existence is as really objective as corresponding 
forms of earth. Thought doss not, as declared by some, 
take visible form with spirits any more than with us, and 
all these and other ol)jects are tangible, substantial reali- 


ties to tlie Si^iritual senses. All oi' nearly all the proper- 
ties kno\Mi to matter here, pertain to the refined matter or 
substance of which the s^^irit world is constituted. There 
attraction and repulsion, gravity, cohesion, expansion, etc., 
operate, and there, as here, matter appears unde:* solid, 
Hquid, and gaseous forms. But spiritual substancc^s, with 
very few exceptions, are not subject to decompositi ii, and 
there ai-e no impui-ities, nor offensive gases, or odoi^-i, aris- 
ing fi'om this cause. 

As to this substantial and practical character of the other 
world, why should it be objected to ? Surely this Avorld is 
practical enough, and clearly pi'oves that its Designer's and 
Creator's mind is mechanical, and constructive, and as the 
same Being in His wisdom created both, and evidently 
with the intention that they should be the abodes of men, 
why should not the other world, though in a different way, 
be as substantial, and practical, and as well adapted to the 
requii-ements of man's nature as this ? Man equally with 
God is wtually the same there as here, and if heaven is a 
place where man's best, and truest, and most natural de- 
sires are gratified, and his necessities provided for, it needs 
must respond to these. 

My sources of information do not favor the theory 
of the spii'it-world having been formed by the accretion 
of subhmated atoms arising from the earth. They are 
unanimous in denjdng that there is any evidence of such 
a process being in operation at the present time, and 
that there are any indications that it ever has been in 
operation, and aside from the conviction which their assu- 
rances bring to my mind, I am unable to conceive its x>os- 
sibihty in view of the fact that all the heavens are equally 
substantial, the highest kno^vn heaven being as tangible to 
sx)iritual sense as the lowest, a fact entirely inconsistent 
\\-ith the theoiy of each heaven, in succession, having been 


formed from the ascending sublimated atoms of tlie heaven 
below it, and consequently of its being an outgrowth of it. 

Our senses are not fitted to perceive that world, nor its 
inhabitants, and if we sometimes obtain glimpses of either 
the appearance is most commonly unreal, and spectral, but 
we should remember that our world, and ourselves gen- 
erally aj)pear equally phantasmal to the denizens of that 
world, so they declare, and were it not that their former 
experience in earth-life has taught them the contrary they 
doubtless would beheve us to be ]3hantoms, mere Will o' 
whisps, and our world to be as unreal as ourselves. In 
fact they would regard us and our world jorecisely as the 
majority of people here regard them and theirs. 

Spirits sustain relations to the spirit world similar to 
those that mortals sustain to the material, and of most 
things that here have expression in nature and art the coun- 
terpart is there found, the only apparent difference being 
that everything in the heavens above the third is more 
beautiful, nearer perfection, more admirably adapted to 
the purposes intended. Our earth is the t^^e of that 
world. That is the world of causes, this of effects. That 
world is unceasingly making its imj^ress on this, and from 
thence are derived much of our knoAvledge and strength. 
We take from that world, not that from this. 



The Earth Sphere. The Second Sphere. Condition of Low Spirits. 
Means of Progression. Condition of Big-oted Sectarians. 

" Every man's work shall be made manifest, for the day shall declare it. * * * 
If any man's work abide which he hath built, thereupon he shall receive a reward. 
Ic any man's work shall be burned he shall suffer loss, but he himself shall be saved, 
yet so as by fire.'' 1 Cor. iii. 13 to 15. 

" G-od speaks through anguish in the hidden soul, 
God speaks through sorrow in the human breast." 

Tlie S23irit-woiicl literally envelops us, and the surface 
of oui' earth, for all practical pui'j)oses is one of the spheres, 
and the lowest of them, for multitudes of degTaded dis- 
embodied spu'its are bound to it by their gross natures, 
and here continue to exist for yarious periods of time, and 
it may properly be termed the earth-sj)here, while the 
sphitual zone or sj^here removed fi'om and nearest the 
earth is termed by spirits the fii'st sphere, or heaven, and 
in the treatment of the subject they ^ill be thus desig'nated. 

But the first sjDhere, though the lowest in the order of 
aiTangement, is not the lowest in the order of progi-ession, 
for this sjDhere in the American heavens is chiefly apjDro- 
piiated to Indian spuits, and really is a heaven, while the 
second sphere is the next lowest to the earth-sphere in the 
order of progression. Sj)iiits term all these spheres, 
heavens, the fii'st being according to theu' nomenclature 
the " Indian heaven " and the second the " heaven for low 


wliite people, or v/icked lieaven," but feeling a degree of 
repugnance to terming tlie second sphere a lieaven I 
have tlirougliout this v>"ork designated both the first and 
second heavens as spheres, and all above these as heavens. 

From the above it will be perceived that the first sphere 
is practically ignored in its relationship to the white race, 
and the next step from the earth-sphere, in the order of 
progression, is to the second sphere, and I would suggest 
that the reader impress this arrangement on his mind be- 
fore 23roceeding further. 

One of the lessons that is most difficult for novices in 
Sj^iritualism to learn, and bear in mind, is the fact that 
spiiits are but human beings, neither specially created 
angels, nor demons, fallible, sometimes weak and ignorant, 
and while some are on intellectual and moral planes above 
us, quite as often they are found to be on planes below us. 
There are no demons, or devils, as these terms are popu- 
larly understood. There are spirits of all grades of de- 
pravity and wickedness, and some of these may justly be 
regarded as demoniacal in their natures, but they are never- 
theless human spirits, and sooner or later will enter the 
paths of progression, and ultimately become purified and 
exalted angels. God's mercy embraces all His creatures. 
There is not a fiend-like spirit in the lowest spheres, or 
hells, nor an angel in the spiritual realms, as far as my 
instructors have knowledge, that has not originated, either 
on our earth or some other celestial globe. 

The tendencies that lead to sin and crime are but mani- 
festations of minds diseased, and the latter are frequently 
associated with diseased bodies ; as these suffer from func- 
tional derangement so the former do from derangement of 
the moral and spiritual functions, and the only remedy is 
apx^roi^riate moral treatment under favorable conditions. 
Sin and punishment are sowing and reaping, cause and 


effect, and tlie law of compensation requires of every man 
in tlie life to come full atonement for unrepented ^vi'ongg 
and none can progress, nor find rest, until tlie penalty has 
been paid, either by rectifying the wrong, or making atone- 
ment by sincere rejDentance and good works. But strictly 
speaking, there is no arbitrary punishment hereafter, there 
is only necessary discipline. Evil in its nature is transi- 
tory^, the good only endures for ever. Good is the sub- 
stance of which evil is only the shadow. Some people 
when they enter spiiit hfe find themselves surrounded with 
desolation ; they are in af&nity only with such surround- 
ings, as the camel is Tvith the surroundings of the desert. 
"Condition accurately follows character." When at one 
time Wesley was preaching he was addressed by a drunken 
man in the audience, who said : "I don't beHeve in heaven, 
Mr. Wesley." The reply of the latter was, "In your cir- 
cumstances I don't se"e how you could." 

It is sometimes said, even by spirits, that heaven and 
hell are not localized. In one sense this is correct, for 
while earth-bound spirits find their hell on earth, and 
others find the second sphere in a less degree hell, neither 
this earth nor the second sphere, is in the same sense, heU 
to good spirits who may visit the one or the other. But 
it is equally true that this earth and the second sphere are 
locahties, and all spirits who are restricted to these locali- 
ties are unhappy, and it may be said that they are in hell, 
and in these two j)laces all unhappy spirits are to be found. 
Therefore as to depraved spirits hell is literally localized, 
and while the sphere of earth is hell to the lowest and most 
degTaded spirits the influences which pervade it, when 
these are permitted to prevail over a man's moral nature, 
reduce him to the level of earth-bound, disembodied spirits, 
and he is in hell, as they are, and not only are many mor- 
tals subject in greater or less degrees to these influences, 


bnt many spirits wlio liave advanced to tlie tliird heaven 
and who in this hfe were untruthful, or immoral, when they 
revisit the earth and resume their former earthly conditions 
are as untruthful, or perhaps immoral, as when in the 
flesh, and this, notwithstanding when they are in their 
homes in the third heaven they are free from aU such fail- 
ings. Good spirits, as a rule, are unable to long remain 
either on earth or in the second sj)here without inconveni- 
ence, they cannot successfully resist beyond a certain point 
the depressing adverse influences of either place, while on 
the contrary were the lowest spirit, with all his imperfec- 
tions, introduced to the realms of bliss he would only find 
his misery increased, and would avail himself of the first 
opportunity to return to his own j)lace, where his surround- 
ings would be in harmony with his own feehngs, and con- 
dition. Heaven to him would be a worse hell than the 
lowest spiritual sphere. Heaven and hell therefore are 
locahties as well as conditions. 

There are sj)irits who in this life were so debased, so 
gross, so steeped in depravity, that they remain in their 
deo-raded condition and continue to inhabit the lowest 
spheres for long periods of time, for ages, and in some 
rare mstances even for centuries. Thev have no desire for 
improvement, and progression, and until they experience 
this desire their advancement is imj^ossible, but in time, 
remote though it may be, this is awakened within them. 

The sj)irits of misers, sometimes, are bound to their 
hoarded earthly treasures, and they are released fi'om their 
bondage only when their wealth has become distributed 
among or squandered by their heirs, and it frequently hap- 
pens that when they are brought to reahze their abject 
condition they labor more strenuously to scatter their 
wealth than they did to amass it, and not unfrequently with 


There are certain spirits, wlio, altliou^i^-li they left their 
earthly bodies years siuce, are persuaded that they still in- 
lialnt them. They reallv are liyinc: on the earth, and the dif- 
ference in their habits, mode of life, and surroundings, is not 
sntHcient to con^ince them that thev are no lon2;er mortal. 
These earth-boiuid spirits are generally on low intellectual 
and moral planes, and placed as they are they are unable 
to reason clearly on their situation, and perhaps a score or 
more of yeai's may elapse before they can be brought to 
comprehend theu* changed condition, and advance, even to 
the second sphere. 

Many earth-bound spiiits us'e their limbs only in locomo- 
tion, not possessmg the j)ower to pass more speedily and 
easily fi'om point to point, and others, who really possess 
the jDower, are unconscious of it, and do not attempt to 
exercise it. Of coiu'se all these in time attain to that state 
in which this power is fi*eely and fully exercised. 

The victim of the murderer, when on a low j)lane, as 
well as the murderer himself, is sometimes irresistibly 
attracted to the scene of the crime, or perhaps to the spot 
where his body is deposited, his last terrible experiences 
having psychologically bound him to that locality. " My 
bones must be removed from their resting place or my soul 
must suffer continual torture," were the words of the spirit 
of a murdered woman, of this low condition. In time such 
luifortunate creatures escape from their thraldom and as- 
cend to the second sphere. 

Earth-bound spiiits infest our pubhc conveyances, steam- 
boats, etc., they frequent the lowest quarters of our cities, 
and low dance houses, hquor saloons, brothels, gambling 
saloons, etc., are crowded with them. They subsist mostly 
on the emanations from earthly food. Restaurants and 
kitchens, especially when unclean, are resorted to by them 
when hungiy, they also frequent hotels, and private houses, 


where ricli and luxurious repasts are habitually served, and 
inliale the odors and impalpable elements arising from 
these. Some attach themselves to gluttonous persons, who 
are mediumistic, and are able to abstract the more sub- 
limated and vitalizing elements of the food from their 
victims as fast as it is swallowed, and thus a morbid apj)e- 
tite is created which impels the person to continued and 
extraordinary efforts to satisfy it. He really is eating for 
two persons, one of whom is invisible. Such spirits are 
veritable vampires. Liquor saloons are crowded with this 
class of spirits, and not a person who possesses medial power 
in any degree, and most persons possess it in some degree, 
there moistens his lips with wine or liquor, who is not at 
once obsessed by miserable, degraded spirits, and by them 
urged — often irresistibly — to further indulgence, until, as 
it frequently happens, the victim becomes prostrated by 
the demon of drunkenness, with perhaps the obsessing 
spirit lying equally unconscious and helpless at his side. 
These remarks, slightly modified, are also apphcable to 
gambhng saloons, and brothels. Could the frequenters of 
these abodes of sin and evil have their spiritual eyes 
opened, as were the eyes of the servant of Elisha, they 
would rush with horror from such scenes, and in their 
subsequent sleep they would be tortured by dreams only 
less horrible than the reality which had been presented to 
their spiritual sight. 

And not only are these earth-bound spirits attracted by 
the odors and emanations from our food, which nourish 
their grosser natures, but another reason why they fre- 
cjuent the scenes of their earthly life is the necessity, proba- 
bly not recognized by themselves, of obtaining that spirit- 
ual or ^ital nourishment which they are deficient in, and 
which they find in the atmosphere of mortals. This crav- 
ing of their natures brings them into rapport with mortals 


on tlieii' ovm moral and spiritual planes, and their evil in- 
fluence is felt, and frequently becomes manifest, in these 
classes of persons, and many times they are attracted and 
attach themselves to persons on higher planes, v^ho, though 
not actually given to e^il practices, yet are not earnestly 
opposed to them, and who under the temptations of such 
low spirits soon fall into them, and are reduced to the level 
of their tempters. The fall of such j)ersons would fre- 
quently be prevented, were they to know and realize that 
they also have good sj)irit friends around them Avho would 
effectually assist them if they would only welcome them, 
and by their prayers and desires strengthen their hands so 
that they could put to flight these dark and degraded 

In those cases, also, which so perplex and astonish so- 
ciety, where men and women of education and refinement 
become infatuated with and marry ignorant and coarse 
persons, far beneath themselves socially, intellectually, and 
perhaps morally, the exj)lanation of the enigma frequently 
is to be found in the fact that they are possessed of medial 
power, and are surrounded by material influences, living 
in a spiritually stagnant, perhaps corrupt atmosphere, and 
are obsessed by clegTaded spirits, whose gross impulses 
urge them to efforts to promote a union, at which if left 
free to think and act the natural instincts of the unfortu- 
nate individuals would revolt. 

Spuits of depraved natures who have entered the spirit- 
world vdth. vengeance in their hearts, sometimes through 
the possession of strong mesmeric power, and favored by 
opportunity, are able to wreak it on the objects of their 
ha,tred in this hfe. They influence their victims to the 
commission of evil deeds, to the pursuit of evil courses, 
and to the neglect of necessary duties, and frequently ex- 
cite feehngs of animosity m the minds of persons possess- 


ing latent medial power, and of evil tendencies, against tlie 
objects of their dislike, and influence them to injure them 
morally, socially, or ]Decuniarily. 

Our prisons and insane asylums are infested with the 
spirits of criminals, and insane persons, who in this life 
were on low moral planes, and the inmates of these insti- 
tutions are often injuriously influenced by them. For this 
reason insane persons should not be herded in asylums, 
but should be kept apart from each other, and surrounded 
by people of sound minds, and exemplary morals, so that 
the atmosphere in which they exist should be favorable to 
their recovery, and not retard it, as under the present 
asylum system. 

Quarrels are of frequent occurrence among spirits in the 
earth and second s^Dheres, and sometimes they resort to 
force, and inflict sufl'ering on each other, they being nearly 
as sensible to pain from violence as we are, but no violence 
beyond that of a blow can be inflicted by one spirit on 
another, provided the latter is disposed to escaj}e, for be- 
fore the blow can be repeated he can by his volition place 
himself beyond the reach of the former, and he can as 
easily escape from the combined attacks of a dozen, for ill- 
disposed spirits have not the power to restrain the liberty 
of others. At the worst, spirits have no power to perma- 
nently injure one another. 

Mortals can frequently render important service to un- 
happy, ignorant spirits. In their miserable state they can 
be more favorably influenced by mortals, on planes higher 
than their own, than by higher spirits, and they frequent- 
ly seek consolation and instruction through us. At many 
circles for spirit manifestation the principal object of 
the directing intelligences is to benefit poor, benighted, 
luihappy spirits, the good of mortals, though constantly 
kept in view, being secondary. It is thus at the Banner 


of LiQ-lit circles in Boston, and the members of other cir- 
cles should not object to their time being occupied for 
this purpose, for frequently some of the best fruits which 
are gathered at circles are the knowledge gained, and the 
deep and abiding impressions made on the minds of the 
members by mtnessing the contrition, and listening to the 
humble confessions, and subsequent exj)ressions of thank- 
fuhiess and jov, on the part of unfortunate and unhappy 
s^^uits, who through the means thus furnished are enabled 
to take the first step in the path of progression. It should 
never be forgotten that spirits in the flesh can fi*equently, 
at the cost of little time and effort, be instrumental in con- ' 
ferring inestimable benefits on unhappy fellow-beings who 
have crossed, what to them has been, the dark river, and 
who fi'om the other side now earnestly implore the counsel 
and encouragement which they derided, or disregarded, 
in this life. 

Ignorant, degraded, earth-boimd spirits, who in this life 
were blind, deaf, lame, or otherwise physically imperfect, 
are sometimes afflicted ui like manner, for a time, in the 
next life, but when they leave the earth-sphere they be- 
come freed fi-om their infirmities. Even consumptives of 
this class sometimes are there afflicted with a cough, such 
as they suffered from in earth-Hfe. 

Earth-bound spirits are not prohibited from visiting the 
second sj)here. It is their affinity with earthly things that 
holds them to earth. Some of them, of the better class, 
do occasionally visit that sphere, while others are restrained 
fi'om doing so by lack of knowledge, or inclination, or from 
fear that they may be lost on the way. 

Great numbers of spirits inhabiting the second sphere 
are but shghtly removed, in point of character and condi- 
tion, fi'om those in the earth-sphere. These spend much 
of theu' time on earth, but there are also those who rarely, 



and some wlio never return to earth. Some of the latter 
are afraid to take the necessary and first step of launching 
out in space ; others discredit the possibility of returning, 
and others, still, are not in any degree attracted here ; for 
feeling remorse for their past conduct and striving to pro- 
gress they have no desire to return to the scenes of their 
sin and folly. The most depraved and violent spirits in the 
second sphere are separated from the others, and held 
under surveillance. They literally are imprisoned, and de- 
prived of the liberty which other spirits, less guilty, to a 
certain extent enjoy. 

Spirits in the lov/ spheres are governed by the psycho- 
logical power of certain spirits in the heavens above them, 
who are appointed to perform this duty. Spirits in these 
spheres require a restraining and corrective authority to be 
exercised over them, as do the lovfest classes of society 
with us. But there they are governed with wisdom, jus- 
tice, and kindness, and solely with the view of elevating 
them to higher moral and intellectual planes, and so perfect 
are the means employed that this object is sooner or later 
invariably attained. The keenest suffering that spirits in 
the second sphere experience is imposed by higher spirits 
Avith tlie viev/ of exciting remorse and inducing rej)entance 
for their earthly niisdeeds. Their distress is wholly men- 
tal, and IS the result of the exercise of psychological power 
by these higher spirits, most commonly their former guar- 
dians, who by this means impress their minds with the 
most vivid recollections of their sins and crimes, and they 
cannot escape from the contemplation of these until they 
are brought to view them in their true character, as odious, 
and abhorrent, and have atoned for them by humble and 
sincere repentance. All spirits in the low spheres have 
these mentors, or gniides, w^ho are unseen by them, and 
whose duty it is to thus impress their minds, and my in- 


structors have no knowledge of any other spirits who pos- 
sess the power of rendering themselves invisible to others, 
and these spirits can exercise this power only in relation 
to their charges. 

Thus the guilty spirit's accusing angel is memory, the 
memory of earthly misdeeds, but where by remorse and 
rejjentance the stains of guilt have been washed away, the 
remembrance of former sins becomes so obscui'e that an 
effort of the mmd is required to recall them, and it rarely 
happens that any inchnation is experienced to do this, and 
in time the memory of them becomes entirely obliterated. 
The minds of spirits receive and reflect the rays of spiritual 
light as variously in character and degree as material ob- 
jects do those of the sun, and in gross natures the deep 
dark soil must be j)ierced and broken up by the harrow of 
remorse, and repentance, before the soul can blossom with 
reformation, and bear good fruit. 

IMissionaries also are sent to labor for the reformation of 
spirits in the second and earth spheres, some of them being 
those who have suffered injustice at their hands in this 
Hfe, and to whom is assigned the highest and noblest duty 
that angels can perform, that of striving to elevate those 
who have wi^onged them. 

Progi'ession is the grand law of the spirit-world, and al- 
though some spirits may not take the first step in the path 
of progression for a long time, even for ages, yet there can 
be no change for the worse. Retrogression is there un- 
known. The sufferings of the less guilty, and these are in 
the majonty, are rather negative than positive, and these 
generally advance to the third heaven within a few years, 
some even sooner. Many pei'petrators of violent and bloody 
deeds are not there held to strict accountability and severely 
punished, on account of their failing to reahze the enormity .^ 
of their offenses at the time of their commission, they then 

38 coxDrn(3N of the deuxkaed. 

beinof Yirtually insane. John "Wilkes Booth, the assassin 
of Lincohi, was insane, and obsessed by depraved and vio- 
lent secession spirits, and remained but a brief time in the 
second sphere. So IMr. Owen, who has fi'ecjuently met 
him, as well as IMr. Lincoln, in spnit hfe, assures me. He 
is still known by the name he bore in earth life, and little 
or no stigma is attached to it in the estimation of advanced 
spirits, they having a clear understanding of the fact that 
he was not morally accountable for the offense. Spmts in 
the second sphere, who here have led infamous lives, when 
they arise fi'om that sphere and enter the third heaven, 
have permission to change their names, and many avail 
themselves of it, but the change is not compulsory. All 
who have no reason to blush for their names continue to 
be kno^vn by them in all the heavens that we know any- 
thin <:>• of. 

The immediate future of the drunkard in the next hfe 
is, to a great extent, dependent on his moral condition in 
this, irrespective of the sin of intemperance. Though all 
drunkards are for a time in that hfe unhaj^py all do not 
fare alike, for while one, who durmg his whole hfe here 
has been de]3raved and whom habits of drunkenness has 
only further degraded, may find his abode for many years 
in the earthlj^ sjohere, another, with superior instincts, with 
a moral record good excej)ting only as intemperance may 
have clouded it, may after a brief stay in the second sphere, 
thi'ough the cleansing influence of remorse and repentance, 
and the aid of kind angel ministration, become purged of 
the. impuiities the curse has entailed and be permitted to 
enter the third heaven. This may all take place before the 
former has experienced the slightest regret for his mis- 
spent hfe, or the slightest desire for imj^rovement. The 
penalty, greater or less, though aggravated by intemper- 
ance, is inflicted mainly on account of moral transgression 


in otlier respects. The same principle, or rule, determines 
the grade of punisliment, vaiied by the circumstances of 
each case, aAvarded to suicides and ordinary criminals, and 
even to murderers. 

AMiere death is yet distant there is no sin which cannot 
be expiated in this hfe by earnest and sincere repentance, 
full and ample reparation for wrong committed, where this 
is possible, the performance of good works, and permanent 
reformation of character. The dark record of misdeeds, 
thus atoned for in this hfe, is obhterated by the recording 
angel. Many a darkened soul through these means, vfitli 
angelic assistance, has become qualified, while yet in the 
iiesh, for an elevated position in the next world, and re- 
pentance and" reformation commenced even in view of the 
aj^proach of death, if earnest and sincere, will materially 
assist the spirit's progress in the next life. 

Good spuits, fi'om their more elevated positions, do not 
view oui' misdeeds altogether as they are viewed by the 
world. They perceive in a clearer light, not onlj the actu- 
ating causes, but the more remote pre-natal conditions and 
influences that originally determined our tendencies and 
inclinations ; they perceive the unfavorable circumstances 
and tem]3tations that surround us, and the weakness of 
our natures, and in a pitying and compassionate spirit 
allow for our foUies, and to a certain extent even for our 
vices, and while recording in theu' memory our good in- 
tentions, and deeds, they constantly strive to forget the 
wl'ongs we have committed. TMiile sometimes they are 
compelled to mourn over our misdeeds they rejoice and 
are made hapj)y by our good actions. They view all our 
acts vrith sympathetic eyes^ in the hght of charity and love. 

Those of my readers who are Spuitualists, perhaps have 
found comjoaratively httle thus far in these pages to which 


tliey cannot yield, at least, a qualified assent, but in the 
description v^liich follows of the character of the second 
sphere, and the heavens above it, they will have both their 
faith and patience severely taxed. With this hint of the 
trials in store for my readers I will proceed. 

In the second sphere of the American heavens, or the 
wicked heaven, as it is termed by the higher spirits, amid 
the gloom and desolation which prevail, are to be found 
cities, constituted of compact blocks of dwellings, separated 
by streets running at right angles ; in these respects re- 
sembling our own cities. The dwellings present a dingy, 
forlorn appearance, and suggest ideas of uncleanness, and 
discomfort, and there are certain quarters of g'ome of these 
cities in which the dwellings resemble our tenement houses, 
and swarm vfith spirits, as ignorant and degraded as the 
majority of the same classes are here. The streets present a 
rough, neglected, and rej)ulsive appearance, and the atmos- 
phere is depressing and cheerless. There are a number 
of these cities in the second sjDhere, and they are situated 
in the midst of dreary, barren plains, the desolation of 
which is but slightly relieved by a meagre, stinted vegeta- 
tion. The inhabitants of these cities are clothed in gar- 
ments which correspond to their degraded moral, and in- 
tellectual conditions, and their unhappy countenances 
reflect the passions, vices, and ignorance of their natures. 
In the lowest quarters of these cities, where are congTC- 
gated the lowest and most degraded of the j)opulation, as 
above mentioned, many of the dwellings swarm with ten- 
ants, individuals and famihes hving promiscuously in con- 
fusion, discord, and wretchedness, and many of them in 
the practice of the lowest vices, and grossest sensuality, 
while the air is j)olluted with profane and indecent lan- 


The food in the second sphere, as in all the heavens 
ahove it, is fi'uit, but it is of inferior quality, and restricted 
to a few simple varieties, and with water is apportioned to 
each family and person in quantities sufiicient to merely 
satisfy the cra^dngs of hunger, not to fully gratify their 

There are other quarters of these cities which are su- 
perior to these, the streets being cleaner, and in better 
condition, while the dwellings present a neater appearance, 
both externally and internally, and their tenants are not 
compelled to herd together like cattle, as they do in the 
lowest quarters, and they present a better appearance every 
way, being better clothed, better fed, more decent, more 
inteUigent, and less immoral. Here also are to be found 
flowers, of a few varieties, which the inhabitants cultivate ; 
but there are no gardens. The majority of these people 
have been removed from the lowest quarters, having earned 
this favor by an amendment of their conduct and dispo- 
sition. The}^ have taken the first step in progression. 

There are missionaries, as before stated, among these 
peoj)le, sent from the third and fourth heavens, who labor 
vdth. them and strive to excite desires within them for 
something better, and higher, and who do all they can to 
instmct and elevate them, and bring them out of the dark- 
ness and ignorance which enshroud their mmds, for the 
great majority of them are extremely ignorant, and the 
greatest obstacle to their progress and elevation is the lack 
of capacity to realize the depths of their degradation, and 
it is to this point that the labors of the missionaries are 
principally directed, and while the majority of them are, 
for the time being, insensible to their appeals, and teach- 
ings, and treat them with scorn and derision, on the other 
hand the labors of the missionaries are constantly rewarded 
with success in bringing others into the light, so that they 


are able to \iew themselves traly, or at least partially as 
tliey are, and as soon as their repentance has worked refor- 
mation in any considerable degree their teachers report 
their improvement to - the proper authorities, and permis- 
sion is accorded them to remove, first to better quarters 
of the cities, and then, if their improvement continues, 
in due time they are permitted to advance to the third 

All the cities in the second sphere are enclosed by walls 
which, strange to say, to all spirits are impassable, and 
there are gates, constantly guarded by spirits who are 
somewhat more advanced and intelligent than the mhabi- 
tants, upon whom are imposed the duties of wardens, in 
expiation of former sins. But the inhabitants, with some 
exceptions, are permitted to fi'eely pass in and oat of these 
gates, and make excursions into the surrounding country, 
but they find httle enjoyment in these visits as all without 
is a barren wilderness. The most of them also are at 
liberty to visit the earth whenever they choose, and many 
avail themselves of the permission, while j)erhaps the ma- 
jority do not. Their course to earth is by an avenue, or 
passage way, through the first or Indian sphere, but they 
j)erceive nothing of this sphere while passing through it, 
their view being limited by the walls which bound this 
I)assage way on each side. 

The country immediately surrounding all these cities in 
the second sphere is a mlderness of barren plains, with 
here and there scrubby trees and stinted, unsightly shrub- 
bery, not a stream of water, though j^erhaps here and there 
a stagnant pool, not an animal of any species, it is indeed 
the picture of desolation, a poverty stricken region in the 
truest sense of the words. A few scattered huts are to be 
seen, some of them only partially elevated above the sur- 
face of the ground, the occupants of which vegetate, as 


tlier formerly did on eartli, aud A^iio continue tliis miser- 
able existence until, througli tlie efforts of kind and self- 
sacrificing missionaiy spiiits, aspirations for something 
higher and better ai-e implanted in their minds. 

As to the broad coiuitry, more remote from the cities, 
this is of the same general character, and multitudes of 
poor unhap23Y spirits, in tattered, wretched garments, are 
scattered over it, some li\4ng in huts, like those just men- 
tioned, others in the chffs and ledges of rocks, and others 
stiU in cavities in the earth. Multitudes of other discon- 
tented, restless beings, mthout definite motive or object, 
constantly wander over these desolate regions, apj)roaching 
and ascending in succession every elevated spot, with vague 
hopes that fi-om its summit some object or scene of a more 
cheerful character may meet their gaze, and each time only 
to meet vdth soiTowful disappointment. On every hand 
are the same sterihty and desolation, while sombre, leaden 
clouds overs]3read these dismal regions and effectually ex- 
clude every du'ect ray of the glorious orb which, instinc- 
tively, they know is shedduig its mellow hght on hapj^ier 
beings in the heavens above them. 

My instiTictors have discovered six divisions of the sec- 
ond sphere ; the first being the abode of the ignorant and 
degraded ; the second, of those who are inteUigent and 
cultivated, but whose natures are to a considerable extent 
depraved ; the third, of those who possessing intelligence 
and refinement, and being more inclined to do right than 
wi'ong, have yet from weakness of character, and force of 
cu'cumstances, been led into sin and crime ; the fourth, a 
division approj^riated to the spuits of ignorant and de- 
graded American XegToes ; the fifth, the abode of ignorant 
and bigoted Eoman Cathohcs, and the sixth, the j^lace set 
apart for bigoted and intolerant Protestants, and my in- 
stiiictors have reasons for behe^ing that there are still other 

44 THE "hells of SWEDENBOEG. 

divisions wliicli tliey liave not yet discovered. These, col- 
lectively, constitute tlie " hells " of Swedenborg. 

The first of the above mentioned divisions, being the 
abode of ignorant and degraded spirits, we have already 
described, the second, the abode of intellectual and culti- 
vated but more or less depraved spirits, differs from the 
former in respect to the dwellings and streets in the cities 
being superior to those in the best quarters of the cities 
of that division, while the adjacent country is of the same 
desolate character, and in all other repjpects the resem- 
blance is complete. Here also missionaries from higher 
heavens are to be found striving to impress the minds 
of these morally darkened souls with a sense of their 
errors, and deficiencies, and to cause them to realize that 
their dearest friends in the heavens above are anxiously, 
yet hopefully, awaiting them, so that repentance and 
reformation may follow. But their friends, unless it 
be for sj)ecial reasons, are not permitted to visit them, 
this also being true of all other spirits in the second 

Mr. Owen visited this division, as he had previously 
visited the first, and was exceedingly interested in what he 
observed, and also in what he learned from his guide. 
All the spirits he there met were intelligent, and all evinced 
cultivation and refinement in greater or less degrees. 
Among them were lawyers, physicians, clergymen, mer- 
chants, etc., and accomplished and refined ladies. Though 
they were all at liberty to revisit the earth he was told by 
all he conversed with, about twenty, that they had little or 
no desire to do so, and rarely or never availed themselves of 
the privilege. 

The general character of the third division of the second 
si)here is similar to that of the second, and of the fourth I 
have learned nothing but the fact of its existence, and its 


appropriation to degraded American Negroes. Tlie fifth 
and sixtli divisions we will now proceed to describe. 

" Were one world in the universe a hell, 
Were one soul in the universe a fiend, 
Damned hopelessly to everlasting pain, 
'Twould be the torturing atom that inflames 
The vision. Every world and every sphere 
"Would weep in woful sympathy with wo. 
The consciousness of all created life 

. Would yearn and grieve and anguish. God Himself, 
AMio, in the universal consciousness 
Dwells throned and radiant,' would receive no joy. 
But only grief, from His fair universe." — Harris. 


Sects are nominally perpetuated in the American heavens 
tip to the seventh, but not the sectarian spirit, and all the 
principal sects, excepting the Roman Cathohc, have their 
churches in those heavens, but there are no distinctively 
Eoman Catholic churches above the third. In the heavens 
of Catholic countries there are Cathohc churches in all the 
heavens but the lowest, at least up to the eighth. Of those 
Cathohcs who go to the American heavens the more liberal, 
inteUigent, and moral at once enter the thml, while the 
bigoted and ignorant go to the second sphere, the same as 
Protestants on the same low planes, but they do not asso- 
ciate in either of these heavens with the latter, for in the 
second sphere there is a city and district of country sur- 
rounding it knov/n as Purgatory, and all bigoted or other- 
wise wicked Catholics who enter that sphere go to this 
place. There are priests among them, as there are Protes- 
tant clerg-jTnen among others in the same sphere. 

The majority of these, upon their ariival, are assigned 
to the lowest quarters of the city, where they remain until 


tlirougli the labors of missionaries from higher heavens 
they become in some degree divested of their intolerance, 
and bigotry, and in other respects have improved, when 
they are j)ermitted to remove to better quarters of the city, 
and here they remain until iliej have become completely 
purged of their religious intolerance, when they are per- 
mitted to go either to the heavens of their native countries, 
if they are foreigners, or enter the third of the American 
heavens, if they prefer to do so. All bigoted Catholics, 
foreign and native, who die in this country go to this pur- 
gatory in the second sphere, and those among them who 
from there enter the third American heaven, together with 
those who directly enter it after death, advance no higher 
until their belief in the dogmas, rites, and ceremonies of 
their Chui'ch has become nearly or quite eradicated from 
their minds. In the purgatory of the second sphere are 
to be found churches, chapels, monasteries, and monastic 
orders, nunneries, etc., as here, and the adoration of the Vir- 
gin and a host of saints, together with the observance of 
fasting and holy-days are there perpetuated. Papal infalli- 
bility, the efficacy of mass and confession, are as essentially 
dogmas there as here. In the third American heaven 
Catholic churches and chapels also are to be found but no 
monasteries, nor nunneries, and most of the external forms 
of Catholic worship are there perpetuated, but their observ- 
ance is, by the majority, more nominal than real, reason 
having obtained the ascendency over blind faith. They are 
learning that dogmas and creeds are onty bars to progression. 
In the Irish heavens the first, second, and third, are low, 
and there are no Roman Catholic churches in either of 
them, but when spirits in these spheres advance to the 
foui'th, or first real heaven, they there find churches, and 
rajDidly progress, and in the heavens above the fourth, are 
also to be fomid churches, but they are divested of their 


idolatrous emblems and practices, and the worship is no 
longer to the virgin, and saints, but to God, and both 
priests and people are hberal and intelligent. 

Bigoted and intolerant Protestants when they enter the 
spirit-world are also imprisoned in the second, sphere, and 
under similar conditions, and the means taken to enlighten 
them and to eradicate from their minds bigotry, and intol- 
erance, are also similar. In that sphere are multitudes of 
this class, all the orthodox Protestant sects being liberally 
represented. These are associated in societies and con- 
duct their religious meetino-s under the same forms, and in 
the same spiiit, and with 'the same zeal as when here. 
They are there as anxious to make converts and as thor- 
oughly convinced that they, exclusively, are in possession 
of the truth, and that all others are in error as ever they 
were, and as here, they are yet proscriptive and intolerant 
of those who are unable to view religion and morality in 
the light that they do. 

Many of these continue to cherish their erroneous ideas 
and to exhibit an un-Christian spirit for long periods of 
time, and with some, even scores of years may elapse be- 
fore their eyes become opened to the truth. They con- 
tinue to believe that all are deluded but themselves. They 
are ever searching for the anthropomorj^hic Jehovah, and 
theii' personal Saviour, and impatient, even indignant, when 
higher and wiser spirits endeavor to enhghten their minds 
on the subject. Some of these are existing in constant 
dread of the approaching judgment day, when they may 
be consigned to eternal misery, and with heaven within 
their grasp they are sorrowful and wretched. 

" They know not what they do, they think the thought 
Some narrow bigot has imparted them ; 
All their essential nature lies asleep ; 
The real man is dormant as the grave." 


Principally tlirougli the labors of angelic missionaries 
these unfortmiates in time are brought to the light, and 
' advance to the third heaven, and there remain until they 
become entirely divested of the remains of the sectarian 
spirit, for above the third heaven this spirit is unknown, and 
denominational distinctions, although among Protestants 
still j^reserved, lose all their significance. Eabid sectari- 
anism is known only on earth and in the second sphere. 
Ill the seventh heaven the remaining mere shadow of secta- 
rianism disapj^ears, and S23irits once bigoted and enslaved 
by the chains of rehgious error are there emancipated and 

' ' Religion then shall be 
Another name for Love. " 

The foregoing remarks apply equally to the bigoted and 
intolerant clergyman and those of his flock whoin he may 
have led astray by his false teachings, but in the third of 
the Eiighsh heavens there is a locality to which bigoted 
clergymen and other educated bigots are assigned. They 
enter and are compelled to remain there until their minds 
become more enlightened, when they are at liberty to 
mingle with more intelligent and liberal spirits. The ob- 
ject in compelling them to thus associate is, that they may 
gradually be brought to perceive how absurd and false the 
narrow opinions of their associates are, and through this 
means, and in this hght, be led to dispassionately view and 
weigh their own narrow and prejudiced opinions, and re- 
nounce them. 



The Indian Heavens. Description of the Higher Heavens, The 
Negro Heavens. Mr. Owen's visit to the Higher Heavens. 


" All are but parts of one stupendous whole, 
Whose body nature is, and God the soul." 

In numerical order, the first, or Indian heaven, is low, 
but in respect to character it is entitled to rank among the 
higher heavens, and this chapter is therefore the appro- 
priate place for a brief description of that heaven, 

" Where no white man robs the Indian ; 
Where no more the sun grows dim ; 
Where the warriors and the maidens 
Chant no more the funeral hymn. 

" In that land where stars are brighter, 
Where the moonbeams softly fall, 
And the great Manito's blessing 
Like the sunlight 's over all. 

" There the Indian holds his council, 
And his thoughts grow great and strong, 
As the angels teach forgiveness 
For the white man's fearful wrong. 


" Here his tomahawk and arrows 

Rest beneath your wigwams grand ; ^ 
There his soul drinks in the wisdom 
Of the glorious spirit-land." — ■Spirit. 

That portion of tlie first sphere which overspreads North 
America is exclusively appropriated to the Indian tribes, 
and its scenery, and general appearance, are as natural 
as those of earth, and far more beautiful, its surface be- 
ing diversified with grand forests, hills, and even moun- 
tains, extensive plains, over which roam herds of deer, 
charming meadows, and lovely lakes, and rivers. The In- 
dian there lives in his wigwam with his squaw and papooses, 
has his canoe, bow and arrows, his horse and dog, and 
chases the deer, as he formerly did here, the only difference 
being, that, whereas when here he hunted from necessity, 
there he engages in the chase for sport, with no intention 
of destroying life, and without the ability to do so if he 
were so disposed. 

Most of the tribes there live in close proximity to each 
other, the distance between some of them not being more 
than half a mile. Each tribe has its own forests, lakes, 
and streams, and those of one tribe connect with those of 
another, so that in their canoes they are able to pass readily 
into each other's territory, while the forests being easily 
traversed, they can accomplish the same purpose through 
them. The most perfect peace and harmony exist between 
them, and they constantly visit and associate, and fre- 
quently engage in friendly contests on the lakes and 
streams in racing their canoes, and on land in shooting 
arrows at marks, running, leaping, and in racing their 

Social intercourse, of which such amusements are con- 
spicuous features, together with the consciousness of being 
forever released from the cares and anxieties arising from 


the white man's oppression and wrong, and the earthlj'' 
struggle for existence, constitute the Indian's chief sources 
of hajjpiness in this, his first heaven. His tastes yet re- 
main simple, 

" To be, couteuts bis natural desire, 

He asks no angel's wiug. no seraph's fire, 
But thinks, admitted to that equal sky, 
His faithful dog shall bear him company." 

In advancing to higher heavens his desires multipl}" in 
the ratio that his knowledge increases. 

But it must not be supposed that the homes of the In- 
dians embrace all of the first zone, or sphere, for this ex- 
tends equall}^ over Eui'ope, Asia, Africa, Australia, etc., 
constituting spiritual continents corresponding to those of 
eai'th, separated by spiritual oceans, and seas, these also 
coiTesponding to the earthly Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian 
oceans, and Mediterranean, Baltic, Black, etc., seas. 

There is no low sphere, or "wicked lieaA^en," for the In- 
dians, and Mr. Owen ascertained that they advance, not 
successively fi'om heaven to heaven as we do, but two 
heavens at a time, from the first up to the thirteenth, and 
fi'om thence, successive^, to the foui'teenth, fifteenth, and 
sixteenth, where they become blended with the whites. 
Mr. Owen risited theu* heavens from the first to the ninth. 
They were all perfectly natural, and the latter w^as w^on- 
drously beautiful and attractive, and he admii'ed it equally 
"VNith the highest American heaven he had seen. The scen- 
ery, including landscapes, lakes, and rivers, is enchanting. 
The wig-Avams and canoes of the Indians, apparently, were 
constructed of bark, ornamentally fashioned, and beauti- 
fiilly caiwed, and their garments and trappings were 
strikingly elegant and imj)osing. Personally they were 
dignified and noble, and every lineament of their features 


reflected the native truthfulness of their characters. Their 
comj^lexions in this heaven were much Hghter in color 
than those of Indians here. 

Mr. Owen there met and conversed with Ked Jacket, 
formerly chief of the Senecas, who died in 1830. Mr. 
Owen was told by his guide that the two Indians who con- 
trol our medium will ascend dii'ectly to that heaven when 
their mission with him is ended. 


In the third American heaven the cities are not alto- 
gether without attractions, the dwellings, in apj^earance, 
being equal to the average of buildings in earthly cities, 
the streets smooth, and clean, flowers, trees, shrubbery, 
etc., are j)lentiful, and the air is clear and exhilaratmg. 
Fruits, of good quality, in considerable variety are ob- 
tainable in abundance. The adjacent country also is mod- 
erately attractive. There are many small farms in this 
heaven, with suitable dwellings, and outhouses, the former 
being furnished with all the implements necessary to their 
cultivation, as Avell as with horses and wagons, cows, dogs, 
and fowls, and numerous roads intersect the country, and 
lakes and rivers are scattered over it. Spirits in the third 
heaven, in a general sense, are in harmony with each other, 
and their surroundings, but many of their desires are not 
gratified, nor can they be until they have advanced to the 
fourth heaven. 

Ill the cities of the fourth heaven there are no compact 
blocks of buildings, and comparatively few intersecting 
streets. The houses, or homes as they are termed, are 
situated on spacious and beautiful avenues, which at long 
distances, of a half mile or more, are intersected by roads, 
or drives, equally tasteful and beautiful. Horses and 


A'eliicles are confined to these roads, and the latter, in their 
general characteristics, resemble our own finest drives, 
only they are perfect in all that possibly can be conceived 
as necessar}" to perfection. The avenues upon which the 
homes are situated, are not bounded by sidewalks, but 
their entire area is a surface of silken moss, of a beautiful 
mellow green hue, and soft and luxurious to the tread as 
the richest carpet. 

The dwellings in this heaven are situated in the midst 
of spacious plots of ground, in which gardens are conspic- 
uous, and in which are always blooming flowers of every 
species that is knoT\T.i on earth, together with many varieties 
that are here unknown. Shrubbery, vines, trees, and grass 
combine with the flowers to render perfect the surround- 
ings of these beautiful, yet natural sj)irit homes. The dwel- 
lings in these parts of the heaven are all of the same 
general style, and proj)ortions, but their colors vary ac- 
cording to the tastes of the occupants. They are con- 
structed entirely of wood, and every dwelhng is artistically 
and elegantly caiwed, and otherwise ornamented, and all 
have porticoes and observatories. These mansions will be 
more fully described in the next chapter. 

The foregoing is a brief description of those parts of the 
foui'th heaven which in their general character most nearly 
resemble cities, but other parts, and these by far the most 
extensive, present very different, though equally charming 
aspects, and have few features in common with cities, but 
on the contrary all the best characteristics of the country. 
Here the dwellings are ecjually elegant and commodious, 
but of various styles, perfectly adapted to and in harmony 
with the picturesque and beautiful scenery. Lakes, rivers, 
and smaller streams abound, and the names of some of 
these are borrowed from our own lakes, and rivers ; for 
instance, a certain lake is known as Lake Chamj^lain, a 


certain river as tlie Hudson, etc. But there are no locali- 
ties, bearing the nanies of any of our cities, or towns. 

To all sj)irits the heavens above them are as invisible as 
the}^ are to us. The celestial vault appears to them as it 
does to us, only more glorious and grand. For them also 
our sun and moon rise, and set, the former casting its 
shadow, and the latter presenting its different phases as 
we perceive them. The same stars that gem our heavens 
are brilliant ui theirs. The scope of vision of spirits in 
the heavens is more extensive than ours in our atmosjDhere, 
while in our atmosphere the range of vision of most of them 
is exceedingly limited. The temperature of the heavens, 
excepting those regions directly above the equator, where 
it is considerably warmer, and those in the extreme north 
and south, where it is correspondingly colder, is delightful, 
and unvarying. Storms and boisterous winds are un- 
known, but from fleecy clouds frequently descend gentle 
showers, and balmy, delicious breezes ever prevail. In the 
lower heavens, as said above, there are various climates. 
The heavens nearest the polar regions of the earth are the 
heavens of the inhabitants of those regions. The first in 
numerical order of these is cold, with snow and ice, and 
they have their reindeer, dogs and sledges, and are clothed 
in what resemble furs. The natives of the tropics, on the 
other hand, in their lower heavens enjoy a tropical chmate, 
but in these extreme heavens the chmate is shorn of its 
severity, it being only sufficiently cold or warm to render 
it agreeable to the inhabitants. Each successive heaven in 
the ascending order of the natives of the Arctic regions, and 
of the tropics approximates nearer in temperature and 
general character to our own, until, in the higher heavens 
the temperature becomes like that of our heavens, and the 
scenery, homes, etc., assume an appearance similar to that 
in our heavens. 

NATION ALrni:s exist. 55 

Tlic jDredominant features of all countries as well as the 
cliaracteristics of their inhabitants are represented in the 
different heavens. There the Chinese have their temples 
and pagodas, canals and bridges ; the Venetians their 
cities of the sea, every street of which is a crystal river, 
ahve and gay with beautiful gondolas. The Ai'abs there 
on steeds fleet as the wind, course deserts of glistening 
sand. The African negro there finds the counterpart of 
his native jungle, and a modified tropical climate, while 
the native of the In-j^jcrborean regions, as before said, in his 
sledge, drawn by reindeer, or dogs, glides over snow, as 
real, and pure, and beautiful' as that to which he had been 
accustomed in his native land. 

National distinctions and boundaries exist in the heavens, 
as here. There are American, Enghsh, French, German, etc., 
divisions, or territories in each zone, these being situated in 
relation to each other as the respective countries are here, 
but it is only in the first sphere, or zone, that the conti- 
nents are separated by oceans, and seas, those in the 
heavens above that, being merely geographical divisions of 
the expanded surface of those heavens. Each country is 
in gTeater or less degree marked by the characteristics of 
the country on earth of which it is a counterpart, the same 
language being spoken, the same personal habits and tastes 
j^revaihng, and even the same styles of architecture are in 
the main reproduced. LangTiage there, in its character 
and uses, is precise^ what it is here. An American there 
is still an American, an Enghshman an Englishman, a 
German a Gennan, an Indian an Indian, and a Negro is 
there still a negTO, although Indians and Negi'oes, as they 
progress, constantly assimilate in appearance and charac- 
ter to the white race. 

The first of the European heavens, and presumably of all 
heavens excepting the American, is the lowest, or wicked 


sphere, and is on a plane witli the second of the American 
heavens, while the second sphere of those heavens is superior 
to the first. In the first and second of the British heavens 
there is no spiritual England, Scotland, Wales, or Ireland, 
but all these exist in the heavens above these, where there 
are also spiritual Londons, Edinburghs, Dublins, etc., to- 
gether with smaller tovTis, and villages. The first six of 
most of the European heavens are superior in character to 
the corresponding American heavens, especially in works 
of art, but in the heavens immediately above these the su- 
periority is less marked, and in still higher heavens the 
American are in all respects equal to the European heav- 
ens, if not superior to them. In the lower heavens, as a 
rule, Americans progress as much m three or four years 
as the majority of Europeans do in ten. This is attribut- 
able to our active, energetic, and inquisitive natures, but 
in the higher heavens these advantages are lost. 

Americans who retain their love of their native countrv, 
dying abroad, go to the American heavens. Foreigners, 
(excej^ting certain Roman Cathohcs, as elsewhere ex]3lained,) 
dying in America, whose attachment to their native coun- 
try exceeds that which they feel for this, go to the heavens 
of their o^vn country, otherwise they go to the American 
heavens. Americans and foreigners who have intermarried 
are permitted to go either to the American or foreign 
heavens, as they prefer. Sometimes such parties are at- 
tracted to their resj)ective relatives, and they accordingly 
make their homes with them, but if they still are attracted 
to each other they are at liberty to visit, and have every 
facility for visiting and enjoying each other's society as 
freely as they desire, and in time they become permanently 



In certain of the American lieavens there are districts, or 
locahties, set aj^art for American Negroes. The latter are 
subject to the laws of progression, as all others are. As 
they advance they assume a lighter color. As a rule, mu- 
lattoes, in whom the negro blood predominates go to the 
negro heavens, while others, in w^hom that of the white race 
j)redominates, share w^ith the latter their heavens, and des- 
tiny. But in truth tlie destmy of both races is the same. 

]\Ii\ Owen and my father, at my request, made American 
negTO spirits and their heavens a subject of special investi- 
gation, and with this object in view" repeatedly visited them. 
They found the majority of the negro S23irits, in their low- 
est sjDhere, to be as black as the majority of our negroes, 
but in their third heaven they were considerably lighter in 
color, with modified and improved features, but still the 
ma;;ority of them were unmistakably negroes. Their lowest 
sphere is the second, the same as that of the whites, they 
being allotted a division of it, while the most degraded 
among them are earth-bound, and associate with white 
spii'its on that plane. From the second sphere they ad- 
vance to the third, but after that their progress is not like 
oui'S from heaven to heaven in numerical order, but like 
that of the American Indians, ascending from the third to 
the fifth, thence to the seventh, and thus upwards by 
alternate heavens until they reach the thirteenth, from 
whence they advance successively to the fourteenth, fif- 
teenth, and sixteenth, and there all distinctions between 
them and white spirits cease to exist, they then having 
become as white, beautiful, refined, and intellectual as 
these. Many of them m the heavens above the third are 
permitted to visit the heavens of the whites on the same 


planes. Those among them who formerly were slaves, or 
servants, to white people, go, like all others of their race, 
to their own heavens, but when they have advanced above 
the third heaven they are permitted, if they desire to do 
so, and their former masters or employers also desire it, to 
join the latter and resume their former relations in a modi- 
fied form and advance with them. 

ME. Owen's visit to the higher heavens. 

Spirits pass from one heaven to another by means of 
capacious avenues, or causeways, which extend from each 
heaven to the next above. These afford means of commu- 
nication between the different heavens, and are usually 
thronged with spirits, ascending and descending, and upon 
which also horses and vehicles pass upwards and down- 
wards. The upper extremities of these avenues penetrate 
the foundational, or basic structure, of the heavens, that 
which corresponds to our terra Jirma, but which there is 
quite limited in thickness, and then open upon the upper 
surface, where gates are j^laced which are constantly guard- 
ed by spirit-wardens. There are many of these avenues of 
communication connecting each heaven with the next above 
and below it. Those extending from the second heaven to 
the third are about one hundred and fifty miles in length, 
while the length of those in the heavens above the third 
does not exceed seventy-five miles. Mr. Owen said he 
could pass over the former with his horses in an hour. 

Li visiting another heaven for the first time a guide ac- 
companies the visitor, but a pass is alwa3^s required, and 
this must be shown at every gate by which he enters or 
leaves. These passes are usually obtained from the war- 
dens of their own heavens, they having permission to issue 
certain numbers daily. The passes for visiting the second 


and Iiuiian spheres are obtained from the wardens at the 
g'ates of the third heaven, and all persons whose object in 
visiting those spheres is commendable can obtain them, 
but they are i:)rohibited from visiting friends who may be 
in the second sphere, as no communication is ordinarily 
permitted with these. 

October 27, 1877 — quoting from my note-book — Mr. 
Owen informed me that a few days before, while seated in 
the portico of his mansion, in the fourth heaven, a stranger, 
of noble and commanding presence, approached and ad- 
di'essing him inquired if he was Robert Dale Owen. Upon 
his rephdng in the affirmative, and inviting the stranger to 
be seated, the latter stated that his home was in the thirty- 
second heaven, and the object of his visit was to meet Mr. 
Owen, but he was reticent as to his motives beyond this, 
and ]\Ii'. Owen thought he had some special object in view 
which he was not disposed to make known. In the course 
of conversation ]Mi\ Owen alluded to his frequent visits to 
earth, and his intercourse with me, through our medium, 
and the visitor immediately became interested in the sub- 
ject, and asked many questions in relation to it, and ex- 
pressed his astonishment at the possibility of JVIr. Owen 
being able to thus communicate with mortals. 

His- conversation and bearing greatly impressed Mr. 
Owen, evincing as they did higher degrees of intellectuality, 
cultui'e, and refinement, than he had ever before knov^^n 
any individual to possess. He informed him that in earth- 
life he had been an Englishman, and had been in sjoirit- 
life more than a century. He said that there were heavens 
above his own, the thirty-second, and that each successive 
heaven was more beautiful than the one below. Mr. Owen 
remarked to me that this was inconceivable by him, for 
although he knew that the heavens up to the sixth, this 


being the highest he had then visited, increased in beauty, 
yet he could not imagine how those above that could excel 
it. He promised to again visit Mr. Owen in a few days. 

Three days after this the same spirit again visited Mr. 
Owen, and inquired if he was disposed to accept a mission. 
He did not inform the latter of the nature of the proposed 
work, but IVIr. Owen declined to undei-take it, stating that 
he ah*eady v/as engaged in assisting me in mine. 

From this time the visits of this spirit to Mr. Owen were 
fi^equent and regular, averaging about three times a week, 
and at one of these he informed Mr. Owen that in earth- 
life he bore the name of Charles Stevens, and bears it now 
in spirit-life. He had no distinct remembrance of the 
period of time he had been in the spirit-world, but beheved 
it to be about one hundred and fifty years. He remem- 
bered that he was born in England, and at an early age 
emigrated to America, married an American lady, became 
identified with his adopted country, and when he passed 
awav he entered the American heavens, w^here he has 
always remained and is now living with his wife and 
two daughters. He said he was not permitted to visit 
heavens lower than his own apparelled as he usually is in 
his own heaven, but previous to descending is obliged to 
robe himself Hke the spirits in the heavens he proposes 
to visit, and consequently he does not then appear in the 
resplendence that characterizes him, and all others, in his 

Mr. Ovv^en invited this sj)irit, Mr. Stevens, to accompany 
him to earth to witness the method of communicating 
through our medium, and he re|)lied that it would afford 
him great pleasure to do so, and he would request the 
necessary permission. The day following he returned, 
according to his promise, and to Mr. Owen's disappoint- 
ment stated that his request had been denied, and the in- 


terdictioii Mgaiust liis descending' below the fourth heaven 
remfiiued m force. 

He knows of eight heavens above his, but his knowledge 
of them is quite limited. He also has learned that there 
are heavens above the fortieth. When spirits reach the 
thirtieth heaven they are no longer permitted to visit the 
earth, and when they reach the fortieth they are rarely per- 
mitted to visit any heaven below the thirty-second. The 
fifteenth is the Golden heaven, and the Capital of all the 
heavens below it. The thirty-fifth is another Golden heaven, 
and the caj)ital of all below it, down to the fifteenth, and 
somewhere above the fortieth he has heard that there is 
still another capital, and Golden heaven. 

I would here remark that all the information in these 
pages respecting the heavens above the fifteenth was de- 
rived fi'om this spirit, Mr. Stevens, through Mr. Owen, as 
was also much of that respecting the heavens between the 
sixth and fifteenth. 

Early in December, 1877, Mr. Owen informed me that 
Mr. Stevens had notified him that he had received permis- 
sion to conduct him on a ^isit to the different heavens up 
to and including the fifteenth, his own home then being in 
the fifth. Accordingly, on the tenth of that month, under 
j\Ii\ Stevens' guidance, he visited the sixth heaven and suc- 
cessively the others until they reached the fourteenth. He 
found each heaven to be more beautiful than that below, 
but all were of the same general character, and equally 
natui^al. In the fourteenth both he and his gniide were 
furnished with scarlet satin robes, trimmed with gold lace, 
and golden sandals for their feet, decorated with rubies, 
and for their heads golden crowns, gemmed with diamonds, 
rubies, and sapphires, which shone with the lustre of the 
stars. ^Tien thus arrayed they were admitted to the fif- 
teenth heaven. 


Here lie found a lieaven, in splendor, exceeding anything 
wliich liis imagination had j)reviously conceived. The 
mansions, or homes, were superbly beautiful, and upon 
entering one of them, it being the home of a family with 
whom his guide was acquainted, he found the vestibule 
draped with satin, interwoven with gold, and the apart- 
ments corres^^ondingly furnished, and the walls and ceil- 
ings traced in beautiful gossamer-like designs, and deli- 
cately carved and otherwise ornamented. 

The Capitol, or edifice in which the Congress of wise and 
beneficent spirits of this and higher heavens meet to con- 
sider and decide important questions, relating to the inter- 
ests of spirits in that and the lower heavens, was of pure, 
white, semi-transparent marble, and its stateliness, magnifi- 
cence, and beauty were indescribable, while its surround- 
ings were correspondingly imposing and beautiful. 

There were lovely and attractive parks, the trees, shrub- 
bery, grass, and flowers of which excelled anything of the 
kind that Mr. Owen had seen in the heavens below, golden 
fountains, with interior surfaces of burnished silver, from 
which ascended streams and jets of purest water, glisten- 
ing in the light like hquid crystal, the streams comming- 
Hng in the air and assuming beautiful and graceful forms 
ere they descended into the fountain. There were innu- 
merable birds, of many species, of resplendent plumage, 
and these filled the air with their melody. Beside these, 
there were graceful and beautiful deer, which permitted 
the utmost familiarity, and lastly, there were horses of 
such symmetrical proportions, and perfect grace and beauty, 
that Mr. Owen said he would not attempt to describe 
them. Some of these were ridden and others driven be- 
fore elegant chariots, carriages, and other vehicles of two 
and four wheels, beautifully fashioned and carved, and 
ornamented with gold. 


Tliere were superb drives, wiiicli appeared to be formed 
of fine, perfectly clean, gratel, where tlirongli the day and 
e:ir!y evening multitudes of both sexes throng to enjoy 
themselves in riding and driving, the whole presenting a 
scene enchanting beyond conception, and wonderfully at- 
tractive and exhilarating. By the favor of the friend, 
above mentioned, of Mr. Stevens, Mr. Owen enjoyed the 
pleasure of a drive of about five miles on one of these ele- 
gant roads, which was bordered with trees, most of them 
loaded with luscious fruit, and shrubbery, and flowers, 
while charming meadows, and hills, and dales spread on 
each side as far as the eye could reach. The scenery was 
diversified with streams and lakes of crystal purity, and on 
some of the former, and all of the latter, he noticed many 
persons in boats, sailing and rowing. Language, he de- 
clared, could not do justice to the picture, and the most 
■sivid imagination could not conceive the perfection of its 
beautv and loveliness. 

The onlv animals to be found there, he was informed, 
were those above mentioned, namely, horses, deer, and 
bii'ds, together with fish in the rivers and lakes. 

The spirits, male and female, in this heaven, are fully as 
beautiful and perfect as angels are popularly supposed to 
be, their beauty surpassing any possible conception of 
oiu's, and to IMr. Owen they all -appeared to be equally 
beautiful. He had observed when. ascending from the fifth 
to this, the Golden heaven, that in each, successively, the 
beauty of the inhabitants increased, thus establishing in 
his mind the rule that the more advanced the spirit the 
more resplendent the beauty. The rol^es of both male and 
female spiiits in the Golden heaven were of scarlet satin, 
trimmed with gold lace, like that which he then wore. 
All, hkewise, wore cro^vns like his, but those of the female 
spirits were of smaller dimensions, more like coronets. 


The fifteenth is the only capital or golden heaven below 
the thirty-fifth, which also is a Oolclen heaven. His gTiide, 
whose home, as before remarked, was in the thirtv-second 
heaven, informed him that the heavens between the fif- 
teenth and his own present the same general appearance 
as those immediately below the fifteenth, and are but little 
superior to them, but each differs in certain respects from 
all others. There are rivers, and smaller streams, and 
lakes in all the heavens, abounding in fish, and boats pro- 
pelled by sails and oars glide over their surfaces. Golden 
crowns are worn by all male sj)irits, and smaller crowns, 
or coronets, by all female spirits in the fifteenth and higher 

Mr. Owen's guide told him that he had never known or 
heard of any person beside him being permitted to visit 
the Golden heaven, unless in the regular order of progres- 
sion. My father,, notwithstanding he has been in the spirit- 
world more than fifty years, and is associated with Mr. 
Owen in his labors, was not permitted to accompany him. 

There are no governments in the spirit-world corre- 
sponding to our municipal, and other local governments, 
but a congress assembles from time to time in the Ca23ital, 
or fifteenth, or Golden heaven, for the purj)ose of discuss- 
ing and adopting measures for the good of all below that 
heaven. It is constituted of spirits delegated from that 
and higher heavens. Washington, Jefferson, John Quincy 
Adams, Lincohi, and certain other of our former presidents, 
and other statesmen, are members of this congress. All 
measures decreed by it are enforced through the silent 
agencies employed, and spirits in the heavens below ac- 
quiesce in the action of their wise and good legislators. 
There are no published codes of lav/, but all laws and rules 
enacted are recorded in the fifteenth heaven. 


Spirits rarely disobey orders from tlie higher heavens, 
but when these are disregarded, or wilfully violated, the 
oftender is compelled, as a punishment, to descend to a 
lower heaven, where he remains until such time as he has 
become penitent and submissive. If a spirit, while visiting 
the earth, should reveal to mortals forbidden secrets the 
oflence would immediately become known to sj^irits in 
authorit}', and the offender would be prohibited fi'om 
again \isiting the earth, and perhaj^s, in addition, he 
would be degraded to a lower heaven. 

As to governing, planetary sj^irits, there is this degree 
of truth in this ancient belief ; a spiritual hierarchy does 
exist in the higher heavens, and there are certain exalted 
spirits of transcendant capacity and wisdom, who passed 
fi'om earth many ages since, and who are j^re-eminently 
qualified to du'ect and control. To such lofty intelligences 
otherwise, but less higiily qualified spirits, defer, and on 
important questions relating to the present and future 
weKare of the race, both in the heavens and on earth, their 
o]3inions usually determine the course of action to be pur- 

There are cities and towns in every heaven, at least up to 
the fortieth. These were j)lanned by spirits, and built by 
the labor of their hands, but the means by which the 
grounds were ornamented with trees, shrubbery, vines, 
flowers, and gTass, is different, and to us nearly incredible. 
My instnictors say that the boundaries of the plots or en- 
closiu'es having been established, buildings erected, and 
paths laid out by manual labor, it is then only necessary 
to clearly conceive the varieties of vegetation, the propor- 
tion of each variety desired, and the order of arrangement, 
and then to will, or earnestly wish for it, and within a day 
or two it makes its appearance, and within a week or ten 


days, at the most, it attains its full growtli and perfection, 
the trees, if fruit-bearing, abounding in ripe fruit, and the 
floAvering shrubs and vines in full bearing, and all pre- 
senting the appearance of having been in existence for a 
long period of time. Similar means are foUowed by similar 
results whenever they are emplo^^ed. 

Among the many statements in this volume perhaps 
none will challenge the faith and test the patience of the 
reader hke the following. 

Nov. 1, 1877, the Indian controller of the medium in- 
formed me that a day or two previous a steamboat made 
its appearance on a lake in the Indian country, and a large 
number of his tribe, the Winnebago, received invitations 
to sail on her. Soon after the boat started it attained such 
a rate of speed that many of the Indians became alarmed 
and left it, and soon the boiler exploded, scattering the re- 
maining Indians together with the white spirits in every 
direction, and many of them suffered for a brief time 
severely. He described the boat as being m every respect 
similar to our steamboats, vdth furnace, boiler, and ma- 
chinery, the fuel being wood, procured from the forests. 

The next day after I had been told the above story I had 
a conversation with other sjoirit friends, Mr, Ov/en among 
them, and they confirmed what the Indian had said, and 
added that the boat was crowded, principally, with Indians, 
who w^ere having a merry time, while the shores of the 
lake were lined with others who were cheering those on 
board, when suddenly the explosion occurred, and the 
Indians were hurled by its force in every direction, at first 
creating consternation, then amusement in the minds of 
the spectators. Some of the Indians thus violently pro- 
jected into the air, suffered for a time, but they were aU 
more frightened than hurt, and soon recovered, and joined 


tlie otliers in makino- merry over tlie details of tlie accident. 
The wreck cuui^'lit lire and was consumed. The cause of 
the catastrophe was an excessive pressure of steam, this 
being the lirst steamboat built in the American heavens, 
and this the trial trip, the engineer was necessarily de- 
ficient in the experience without which there was no safety 
for the boat. 

My friends assure me that for some years past there 
have been steamboats, and even steamships, in the waters 
of the Enghsh heavens. There are also workshops in those 
heavens, where the machinery for these vessels is nianu- 
lictured, and the machinerv' for this boat was obtained 
there. The timber was j)i'ocured from the forests in the 
first, or Indian heaven, and this boat was built there. 
They also stated that the spirits who built this boat were 
preparing to construct another in its place. 

On the 27th of the following month, December, my 
fiiends informed me that the second steamboat, beinof 
completed, was on the previous day launched, and sailed 
on its trial trip. There were many guests on board from 
the different heavens below the eighth, and among them 
were some Indians. When saihng near the banks of the 
lake Indians, on horses, amused themselves by testing the 
speed of their animals in competition with that of the 
steamer, and the latter, with its passengers, was greeted 
with loud huzzas from those on shore, and her steam- 
whistle responded to the welcoming cheers. A grand 
entertainment was given on board. 

On the spiritual Atlantic Ocean, in the first sphere, there 
are a few ships, and many yachts, and other small craft, 
while in the thu-d of the English heavens there are a 
number of steamers on the lakes, and rivers. In that 
heaven there are also two or three railways. 


Mansions, G-arments, Ornaments. Employments, 


" In my Father's house there are many mansions ; if it were not so I would have 
told you." — John xlv. 2. 

If Orthodox Cliristians were asked whether they beheve 
that there are temples in heaven in which to worship the 
Snj)reme Being, the majority of them would find no diffi- 
culty in replying in the affirmative, and again, if they should 
be asked whether they beheve that there are mansions 
there, as Jesus declared there were, and as we believe there 
are, suitable for individual and family comfort and enjoy- 
ment, would not this question be regarded as equally rea- 
sonable ? The fact is, if we admit the existence of heaven, 
and people it with human beings, we must go further, and 
provide in a rational manner for their comfort and hapj^iness. 

There are indeed magnificent temples in the American 
and English heavens, and grand cathedrals in certain of 
the European, with the most inspiring and soul-ravishing 
music resounding through their naves and aisles, with 
ministers and priests ministering to the religious needs of 
their flocks, and eloquently proclaiming the loftiest and 
purest truths, fi'ee from all the admixture of error that 
here, so often, misleads and fetters the soul. 


In each heaven the dwelling's, or homes, m regard to 
styles of ai'chitectiu'e and general appearance, ditfer from 
those in the heavens above, and below, but in the cities 
there is a general resemblance between all dwellings or 
homes in the same heaven, except as to color. In the 
suburbs of the cities the}" vary in style, as they also do in 
the countrv. Thev are successively more beautiful as we 
ascend. These mansions are ready provided in the heavens, 
and upon the entrance of spirits they are conducted by 
giiides to their respective habitations. All spirits in the 
higher heavens are in such perfect harmony with their sur- 
roundings that they have no desire for anything different. 
These mansions have previously been occupied, and become 
vacant fi'om their occupants having advanced to higher 

To each mansion in the heavens above the third, as be- 
fore said, is attached a beautiful garden, in which perpetu- 
ally bloom flowers resplendent in colors, of countless hues, 
and of exquisitely beautiful and dehcate forms, and of 
every conceivable variety, while the grounds are laid out 
in the most artistic and pleasing manner and intersected 
by charming walks. Flowers in these celestial gardens, 
unhke those of earth, never wither and fade while they re- 
main unplucked, and yet buds and blossoms in all their 
various stages of grow^th are found on the same branches, 
and on the fruit-bearing trees and \ines are constantly to 
be found buds, blossoms, and ripened fruit. 

AU the pubhc buildings, temples, theatres, halls, and all 
the dwelhngs or homes m the different heavens are the 
products of the skill and labor of human spuits. The 
mansions are aU constructed of wood, no stone being used 
in their formation, but in the higher heavens stone is em- 
ployed in the constniction of public buildings, and in the 
fifteenth heaven the capitol is constmcted exclusively of 


white marble, of wonderful piiritj^ and beauty. For tlie in- 
terior of tlieir mansions, or homes, walnut, rosewood, maple, 
mahogany, etc., are used, and these woods, there far more 
beautiful than here, are wrought with surpassing skill by 
the hands of sj)irit artisans, while the ceilings and walls, as 
before stated, are frequently elegantly frescoed, and deli- 
cately traced, and carved, and otherwise ornamented. 
Work of this kind is there accomplished far more rapidly, 
and with less effort than it is here. 

The furniture of the habitations in the second sphere is 
scanty and of the plainest description, corresponding to the 
dweUings. In the third heaven, the dwellings being supe- 
rior to those below, the character and quality of the furni- 
ture are correspondingly better, but yet much inferior to 
that in the heaven above. From here the furniture, like 
the mansions in each successively ascending heaven, is more 
elegant. It is constructed of beautiful woods, of various 
patterns and styles, elegantly carved and ornamented, and 
upholstered in fabrics of the richest description. In the 
sixth heaven the furniture is gilded and burnished. The 
floors of these homes are covered with rich and velvety 
car^^ets, wrought in beautiful patterns and colors. Their 
homes are also furnished with clocks, and watches are in 
common use with them, and are frequently carried on their 
persons. My instructors, when with me, are never at a 
loss for the time, as I have frequently satisfied myself by 
their answers to my questions as to the hour, their time 
nearly according with my own. At night they repose on 
beds or couches as we do. The coverings of these are of 
beautiful materials and colors, and elegantly wrought in 
figures of various designs. Upon retiring at night they 
exchange the garments they have worn through the day for 
sleej)ing robes. 


MR. owen's IIo:^[E. 71 

]\Ii'. Owen's description of liis own liome, wliile in tlio 
fourth heaven, was as follows. 

" On the main Hoor of my home there is a parlor, a 
small libraiy Avell stored with books, a study, and dining 
room. Each room is diHerentty furnished, hut the frame- 
work of all the furniture is of choice woods wrought into 
elegant forms, and artistically and beautifully carved, and 
polished. That of the parlor is upholstered with a sub- 
stance, or what you w^ould term a material, in some re- 
spects resembling velvet, but the nap is of greater length, 
and very soft and beautiful. The floors are covered with 
carpets, so soft and luxurious' that in treading upon them 
the feet are partially buried in their velvety fleece, and the 
patterns and colors are exquisitely beautiful. The win- 
dows are fiirnished with silk and lace curtains, both elabo- 
rately woven and embroidered in elegant patterns. The 
dining room is furnished in a plainer manner, more in the 
style of your dining rooms, while the furniture of the other 
rooms on that floor, partakes of the character both of 
the parlor and dining room, and is strictly adapted to the 
uses and enjoyments to which those rooms are respectively 
a^^propriated. The second floor is arranged for sleeping 
apartments, and we have no floor above this. 

Meals are served in the dining room morning, noon, 
and evening. These consist exclusively of fruit, of which 
we usually have on our table twenty or more varieties. 
The drinks are principally water and wines, the latter of 
various kinds, unfermented, and of delicious taste and 
flavor. We have two female servants m our household. 
They were in the second, or wicked heaven, and having the 
alternative offered them to longer remain there and slowly 
progress, or to act in the capacity of servants to us, in the 
fourth heaven, and progress with us, they chose the latter 
course. But it must not be supposed that in the relation 


tlie}" bear to the family tliere is any sense of degradation, 
or of inferiority, other than that which arises from the con- 
sciousness of their comparative ignorance, a consciousness 
which we all feel in the presence of those who are wiser 
and more advanced than ourselves, but which fails to cause 
a single regret, for we know that if we strive to attain it 
we shall in time occupy as exalted a position, in all re- 
spects, as they now do. Their service is entirely volun- 
tary, and for this we endeavor to compensate them by 
improving every opportunity to instruct them in any 
knowledge we may possess, and in which they may be de- 
ficient. They are regarded by us more as wards than ser- 
vants, and in morahty and virtue jjerhaps they are now our 
equals, and if they were to leave us at this time they 
would remain in our heaven, the only disadvantage to 
them being that they would not hereafter j)rogress as rap- 
idl}^ as they will by remaining with us. Beside our per- 
sonal influence over them for good, they are greatly benefit- 
ed by contact with and observation of the society tha.t daily 
gathers at our home, and as we advance to higher heavens 
they are thus, at each successive step in progression, better 
qualified to meet its requirements, until at a period of 
time, not very distant, they will become so advanced mor- 
ally, intellectually, and even socially, that they will no 
longer feel a sense of dependence, but will be able to act 
independently, and then their equahty will be gladly recog- 
nized by us. They will then have outstripped those of 
their fiiends from whom they parted in the second sphere, 
and been rewarded for the services they have rendered us." 
Mr. Owen added, that every family in the fourth and 
higher heavens that desires to have servants from the sec- 
ond sphere are privileged to have them, and multitudes, 
there, are only too happy to assume such humble positions 
on such terms. 


Paintings, far excelling in merit any of tlie productions 
of the great masters on earth, abound in the heavens, and 
in the spiritual Romes, Florences, Bolognes, Venices, 
Dresdens, etc., there are magnificent galleries, in which 
are to be found numerous works of these same great mas- 
ters, executed by them in spirit life. ^ 

In the French heavens the lowest spiritual Paris is in 
the foiu'th heaven. In the heavens above this there are 
other cities of the same name. The styles of architecture 
ill the S3 cities, and in the French heavens generally, as also 
in the German, and other heavens, partake of the character 
of the architecture in the countries on earth of which they 
are spiritual counterparts, only there it is indescribably 
gi'ander and more imposing. But in the spiritual Homes 
the temples, palaces, mansions, etc., generally excel those 
of all other cities, being gTand and stately beyond descrip- 
tion. There are spiritual Romes in the Italian heavens 
fi'om the third, at least to the seventh. 

It has been said that v,"hen spirits change their habita- 
tions and have no fui^ther use for them, or other objects 
pertaining to them, their habitations and these objects, 
through the exercise of their will-force disappear. This is 
an error, as spirits have neither the inclination nor power 
to destroy anything, nor do they become dissatisfied mth 
an}i;hing they possess, for they have nothing which they 
do not desu'e. It is only when they pass to higher heavens 
that they come into possession of new and different objects, 
excepting as elsewhere explained, and in each heaven there 
is to be found precisely what is best adapted to their wants 
and desires. 

The onlv sense in wliich our cfood deeds contribute to 
the building up of our spiritual mansions, is by quahfying 
us for higher heavens, and more beautiful homes. 



"For all TTiiJigs are Yours." 

The love of the beautiful is a natural sentiment of our 
spiritual natures, and the admiration of and desire for beau- 
tiful raiment is therefore a legitimate taste, and it is right 
to gi'atify it when it can be properly done. AVith all good 
spirits, male and female, this taste is active, and the means 
of its gTatification are ampl}^ provided and placed within 
the reach of all. But the love of fine raiment is never a 
passion Avith the inhabitants of the heavens, and a spirit of 
rivahy is never excited by the selfish desii-es of one to 
make a richer and finer display than another. The utmost 
desires of all are gratified, for all desu'es of happy spiiits 
are proper and just, and are never actuated by selfishness, 
this, the basis of all sinfulness, having been eliminated 
from their natures. Nothing that one happy spirit j)osses- 
ses is ever coveted by another. 

The garments of S23irits in certain respects are different 
in each heaven, each having a certain predominant color, or 
shade of color, especially characteristic of it, and there are 
also certain differences, although in some instances shght, 
in the styles and forms of garments. Thus to higher 
spirits the raiment of others in the heavens below them is 
indicative of their grade and condition. To a considerable 
extent the garments of spirits in the heavens of different 
nationahties partake of the character of the garments of 
people in the corresj)onding coiuitries on earth. Spiritual 
garments are made from textile fabrics, and both these and 
the garments are the products of spirit skill and labor. 

In the heavens from the third to the eighth males com- 
monly di^ess as we do, in coat, vest, trousers, and hats, the 


Last being soft and pliable, Avitli sandals for tlieir feet. 
They also at times, and especially in tlieir liomes, array 
tlieniselves in wliite loose robes, tliese frequently being 
ornamented witli colored trimmings. Sometimes wlien 
\isiting tlie etii'tli in summer, they are dressed in white, 
but more commonly in dark clothing. Mr. Owen, my 
father, and other male fiiends usually wear garments of 
dark colors, the material being much like our cloth in sub- 
stance, texture, and appearance, and of the prevaihng 
fashions of earth, sHghtly modified according to taste. 

Young children are clothed in accordance with tlieir own 
tastes, under the direction' of their parents or guardians. 
Young females fi-om the age of fifteen to twenty years 
clothe themselves exclusively in white robes, not being 
j)ermitted to wear colored garments. They usually adorn 
their persons with wreaths of flowers, these most commonly 
encii'cle their shoulders and droop and are festooned low 
over the skrrts of their robes. They also wear smaller 
^-reaths, of still more clehcate flowers encircling their heads. 
Theu' hail', like that of all females, is left free to fall over 
their shoulders. 

Female spirits above the age of twenty years are at lib- 
erty to dress as they please, in garments of various colors 
and styles, but the great majority of them dress in flowing 
and gi'aceful robes, with the waist simply encircled with a 
loose gu'dle or belt, but all ornament their robes with rib- 
bons and flowers. They wear no other head coverings 
than veils, and these are of beautiful materials and patterns, 
and of most exquisite workmanship. They universally 
adorn their heads with flowers. Like the males, they wear 

The garments of both male and female spirits are always 
found in their homes, ready prepared for them when 
they enter them. Tlieir tastes in the choice of garments 


are always anticipated, and the latter are of every color, 
texture, and style tliey can desire. Tlieir garments never 
wear out nor become soiled. Whenever they are qnpJi- 
fied to advance to a higher heaven garments from that 
heaven are brought to them, in which they army them- 
selves, they not being permitted to take with them any- 
thing whatever from one heaven to another, everything in 
any heaven belonging exclusively to that heaven. In their 
new homes they also find every other thing which they can 
j)0ssibly desire, including jewelry, and other ornaments. 
The jewelry is of gold and silver and j)recious stones, and 
far excels any that wealth can command on earth, and all 
good spirits can obtain it in abundance. All these things 
are made by skilful sj)irit artists, whose highest enjoyment 
for a season, is in being employed in their production. 


Good spirits obtain everything they desire. The desire 
and the need are inseparable, the one cannot exist without 
the other. 

In aU the heavens above the third, the student will find 
books, paper, pens, ink, pencils, etc., which he can obtain 
without cost, and with only the trouble of asking for them, 
for as many spirits desire these things, these Avants, like all 
others, are abundantly supplied. And yet a sj^irit of 
hmited intelligence when communicating through a me- 
dium, if asked whether these things are to be found in the 
heavens, probably would reply No, and honestly too, not 
havuig desired, or seen them, or j^erhaps not havmg ad- 
vanced sufficiently to obtain them. 

Musical instruments of every conceivable kind are easily 
obtainable there, perfect in tone, form, and finish. There 


are various kinds of wheeled veliicles in the heavens above 
the third, and in each heaven successively, they are more 
elea'ant and qTaceful than in the heaven below. Thev never 
wear out, or require repairing, or become tarnished by 
time and use. It is the same with the dwellings, furni- 
ture, garments, ornaments, and all other objects. Photog- 
raphers are there engaged in the practice of their art, and 
photographs are there nearly as common as here. The 
chemist there can obtain acids, allvalies, salts, and all other 
chemical substances corresponding to those on earth, to- 
gether with all the utensils, instruments, and other appa- 
ratus that go to make up the furniture of a laboratory, and 
is thus able to repeat every experiment and reproduce 
every result that is possible with chemists here, and spirit 
chemists are constantly engaged in experimenting, and 
they fi'equently make discoveries, the knowledge of which 
sooner or later is communicated, generally by impression, 
to oui' chemists. 

The chemicals, metals, tools, machinery, etc., required 
in the American heavens^ are procured fi'om the European 
heavens, mostly from the English. There is an of&ce in 
each American heaven where, upon application, anything 
of this character w^ill be obtained from the proper Eu- 
ropean heaven. When a certain object, as a book, an 
instrument, ornament, utensil, etc., is desired, application 
is raade to a repository of such articles, a w^arehouse, it 
might be termed, and soon thereafter, perhaps the next 
day, the object desired is brought by a messenger to the 
applicant's home. There are such repositories in all the 
heavens above the thii'd. Their wines also are obtained in 
this manner. 

Allien jMi\ Owen, upon his passing away, entered the 
thii'd heaven he found in his new home a small collection 
of books, which constituted a part of its furniture. When 


lie entered the fourth he found a larger collection, and 
upon his entering the fifth heaven he found in his home a 
fine hbrary, among the books being elegant copies of all 
his own works. In the sixth heaven he found a still larger 
and more elegant Hbrary, with books still more tastefully 
and elegantly bound, and lettered. Here again he found 
copies of liis own works. Wlien books, not in his library, 
are desired, he applies to the repository of books in his 
heaven, and they are always sent to him, and usually within 
twenty-four hours. He is not permitted to enter this re- 
pository, but makes his request at the entrance. 

All of our spiritualist journals are republished in the 
fourth heaven, and copies are sent to all who desire them, 
almost immediately after the originals are issued here. By 
this means Mr. Owen perused an article of mine, which 
had been published in one of our journals, before I had 
received the copy containing it, and discussed with me its 
principal points. And not only private but pubUc libra- 
ries abound in the spirit-world, and connected with the 
latter, in the lower American and English heavens, are 
reading rooms, w^hich are supplied with copies of all the 
spiritualist journals, together mth some of the principal 
daily and weekly newspapers, and quarterly and monthly 
magazines published in these two countries. In the pub- 
lic libraries in the American heavens, there are no records, 
or accounts of former and extinct races, for the obvious 
reason that these heavens have not, at least for unknown 
ages, been inhabited by others than Indians. But records, 
covermg the four centuries since America was discovered, 
are to be found there. In the libraries of certain of the 
European and Asiatic heavens records exist of the princi- 
pal events and occurrences which have taken place in those 
countries for thousands of j^ears. 

There are at least a score of spirits daily engaged in the 


National Libraiy iu Wasliingion in copying such books as 
may be of interest to spirits in tlieii' world. Tliose, who 
ai-e thus engaged, are endowed T\dtli the faculty of reading 
closed books ^^ith amazing facility. By an effort of the 
will, a psychological process, they are able to evolve or 
produce so as to be clearly represented to their minds, 
exact copies of the successive j^ages of a book. The posi- 
tion of the book, or whether it be open or closed, is of no 
consequence, pro^sided it be externally wholly or partially 
exposed to view. In this way these, or other spirits, ob- 
tain copies of oui- Spirituahst and secular journals. 

For a long time my instructors were unable to learn 
where the fui-niture, garments, etc., in use m the heavens 
were manufactured. No one was able to inform them un- 
til j\lr. Owen inquii'ed of the spirit from the thirty-second 
heaven, ]VIi\ Stevens, and fi'om him he learned, much to 
his sui-prise, that the Eighteenth heaven is known ia the 
heavens above it as " The Manufacturing Heaven." Here 
the dwellings and pubhc buildings for the heavens below, 
are wrought in j)arts, and sections, and made ready for 
erection, and then transported to the heavens where they 
are needed, and there they are put together by spirit me- 
chanics. Here also furniture, garments, jewelry, books, 
and nearly everything that is needed' in the heavens are 
manufactui'ed. In the seventeenth heaven are the homes 
of the artisans who labor in their vocations in the eigh- 
teenth. Many of them have their famihes with them, and 
their seK sacrificing spirit, manifested in the devotion of 
theii' skill and labor to the promotion of the comfort and 
happiness of others, is rewarded, not only by their own 
rapid advancement, but also by that of their families, whose 
weKai'e is as dear to them as their own. And then their 
labors ai'e not of long continuance ; a fevf years and they 



advance to still higher heavens, while others from lower 
heavens supply their places. We thus perceive that good 
spirits are not engaged exclusively in religious, or even in- 
tellectual occuj^ations, but on the contrary the diversity of 
em^^loyments with them is nearly as great as with us, but 
the efforts of all are directed to the best good, either of in- 
dividuals or of the whole. 

It should be a source of gratification, at least to young 
people, to learn that they will not be constantly engaged 
in devotional exercises. Spirits use their minds, their 
hands, and limbs, as we do ; they plan and execute, walk, 
ride, drive, sail on the rivers and lakes, interchange visits, 
fi'equent the theatres, attend lectures, and places of wor- 
ship, read and write, eat, drink, sing and dance, have their 
social gatherings, such as parties, picnics, excursions by 
land and water, and otherwise enjoy themselves, and in 
addition, are able to transport themselves from place to 
place, from one lieaven to another, and to earth, and ad- 
vanced spirits are even able with the speed of lightning to 
wing their flight from this planet to another, without ex- 
haustion, and with httle effort. 

The intellect of itself cannot apjDrehend these things. 
Iles23ecting them, God has made our hearts wiser than our 
heads, and the head would be wiser than it is if it were al- 
ways to consult the heart in such matters. 

In compliance with my request that she would describe 
her usual daily occupations, a highly intelligent spirit friend 
in the fourth heaven with whom I frequently communicate 
said : 

"When I arise in the morning I perform my ablutions, 
then exercise by walking in the garden and vicinity of my 
home, return and make my morning repast of fruits, en- 
gage in conversation, read, write, or embroider, or engage 


in any other occupation, or amusement, that may interest 
me. Often, in comj^any Avitli others, sometimes alone, I 
sail on the lakes, or rivers. For this purpose we have 
boats of various sizes and forms, all beautiful, and some 
exquisitely so, and they glide through the crystal waters 
with very little eftbrt on our part, while others are pro- 
pelled by sails. ^Ye frequently make uj^ parties for excur- 
sions on the water, and into the country, and visit remark- 
able and beautiful objects, and places, and often numbers 
of friends of both sexes assemble at the homes of certain 
of them for social enjoyment. At these parties, for they 
are precisely such, we amuse ourselves, and are entertained 
Tvdth refreshments, these consisting exclusively of various 
fi'uits, and unfermentecl mnes, and other drinks, and the 
scene is enlivened with music and dancing. 

We also often assemble for instruction in public halls, 
and listen to addresses, lectures, orations, etc., and some- 
times to humorous lectures and exhibitions, and the 
auditors sometimes manifest their appreciation of the sub- 
ject, and theii' enjoyment of the occasion, by uproarious 

Another spiiit, that of my father, to whom I read the 
above descrij)tion, corroborated it, and added : 

" Our employments are as human and natural as yours ; 
such as would engage your attention were you Hving in a 
beautiful and j)erfect, yet natural world, where all were 
harmony and happiness, where the cares, the sorrows, the 
dark misfortunes and temptations of your lives were un- 
known, and where, from the perfection of your natures you 
would be capable of fully and perfectly enjoying your sur- 
roundings. We have none but proper and commendable 
desires, and all these find full and perfect gratification. 
We roam over beautiful meadows, and romantic roads, 
wander along the banks of lovely rivers and lakes, through 


grand parks and forests, and amid scenery beautiful, 
attractive, and varied beyond description, or even mortal 
conception. We have noble and beautiful homes, with 
convenient, spacious apartments, elegantly furnished. We 
have inviting grassy lav^ns, luxuriant flowering vines, shrub- 
bery, ornamental and fruit-bearing trees, and lovely gar- 
dens, these abounding with exquisitely beautiful flowers, 
of dehghtful perfume and endless in variety of form and 

We have grand public halls, where discourses are de- 
hvered by wise and noble spirits, temples, where the truth 
alone is proclaimed, and magnificent theatres, where in- 
struction and amusement are combined, and which are 
frequented at times by all. We also have opera houses, 
where the finest and grandest operas are performed, and 
concerts, both of vocal and instrumental music are common 
with us. There are public and private libraries, in which 
are to be found the works of sj)irit authors, and also books 
which are copies or spiritual reprints of the best earthly 
authors, and sometimes these spiritual copies are obtainable 
by us before the original works are published in your 
world, each chapter being copied by spuit experts as it is 
completed by your writers. 

We frequently visit earthly friends and places, and still 
more frequently spirit friends in our own heavens, or those 
below ours, and much of our time is thus employed, and 
we have the power to visit foreign heavens, and many avail 
themselves of this privilege and visit old friends in those 
heavens, or friends whom they have made in their visits 
there, while the principal object of the visits of others is to 
observe and take note of what is there to be seen. 

Not only are there theatres and opera houses in all the 
heavens above the third, but in the fourth and fifth there 
also are circuses. 


IMi*. Owen assures me that lie frequentl}'" engages in 
trout fishing, in the streams, and angles for larger fish in 
the lakes, fish abounding in both, and enjoys the sjoort 
even more keenly than he ever did on earth. As spirits 
are not permitted to, and in fact cannot destroy hfe, after 
cat chin"' the fish they detach them from the hook, and re- 
turn them to the water. He says the fish do not sujffer 
pain from being hooked. Spirits sometimes hunt game in 
the fields and forests. They have fowling pieces and rifles, 
constructed on the principle of oui* air-guns. Shot and 
bullets are used, but no injury is inflicted by them. The 
discharge is attended with a report, which startles the 
game, and causes it to run or fly away. As a rule, lads 
enjoy this sport more than their elders. 

Billiai'd tables are almost as commonly in use there as 

In riding, males use saddles and bridles ; females use 
saddles only. The latter guide their horses by touching 
them on the sides of the neck, and by speaking to them. 
The Indians have exceptionally fleet horses, and with them 
chase deer, and use them for the other purposes for which 
they formerly used horses on earth, including racing, and 
they enjoy this sport as keenly as when they engaged in it 
on their native plains, but in spirit-life they have for this 
pui"23ose beautiful wide avenues, bordered with trees, shrub- 
bery, and flowers, and extending thi'ough a country equally 
beautiful. My Indian fiiends tell me that they pasture 
their horses in meadows, and these know their masters and 
are obedient to their call. In liding they use no saddles 
or bridles but guide their animals with their hands, the 
least motion of which is understood, their horses, like their 
dogs and other animals, being far more intelligent than 
ours. Many Indians, and esj)ecially squaws, in sx^iiit-life 
retain their earthly tastes for basket-making and exercise 


great skill in the construction of tliese objects, fashioning 
them mto beautiful forms and combining the various colors 
so as to present very pleasing effects to the eye. They 
also construct canoes of bark, -with like skill and taste. 
They procure the materials for both then- baskets and ca- 
noes from the forests. 

In all the heavens from the third, at least up to the four- 
teenth, there are small farms of eight or ten acres each. 
These are occupied and cultivated by such spmts as are 
most happy when engaged in the cultivation of the soil. 
On these farms are suitable and beautiful dwellings, and 
they are stocked with horses, cows, dogs, and domestic 
fowl, and deer are to be found on some of them. Birds 
here, as everywhere in the heavens above the second, are 

There are many spirits with talents for invention who are 
constantly employed in devising new methods of accom- 
phshing known objects, or methods of accomphshing ob- 
jects which in themselves are new. The majority of impor- 
tant inventions are thus first discovered in the si3irit-world, 
and from thence are imj)ressed on the minds of medially 
endowed uidividuals on earth. In most instances after an 
invention is perfected in the spirit-world a spiritual model 
of it is brought to earth, and here sufficiently materiahzed 
to test it under earthly conditions. 

Spirit mechanics have tools and imjDlements of every de- 
scription, and by their labor they accomplish as much in 
one day as a mortal, equally skiUful and correspondingly 
employed, can in a week. 

" There are celestial fruits that round their orbs 
To perfect ripeness in the light that streams 
From the diffusive sphere of Deity, 
And angels feed upon them and grow wise." 

SPIRITS ki:quike sustenance. 85 

The si3iritnal bod}' requires sustenance for its mainten- 
ance equally Avith the eartlity. All spirits, excei:)ting those 
who are eai'th-bound, derive their sustenance from fruit, 
but the latter ai-e dependent upon the emanations of earthly 
food and animal substances, toQ'ether A^ith the sustaininir 
elements Avhich they absorb from certain mortals with 
whom they are able to come into rapport. This necessity 
of the most degl'aded spirits is the origin of the custom 
which was prevalent among certain ancient nations, and 
equally obtains to-day among the Chinese, of offering 
cooked meats and other kinds of food on the graves of de- 
parted friends. It is also ^ the origin of the religious rite 
of human and animal sacrifice. 

All, excepting this class of spirits, eat, drink, and digest 
theii' food as when they were in earth life. The fruit which 
constitutes theii' food is of every conceivable variety, in- 
cluding graj)e3, berries, etc., and although their princijjal 
di'ink is water yet they have other drinks, among which 
are "seines made fi'om the unfermented juice of grapes. 
In addition to these fruits the Indians have a vege- 
table, in appearance Hke the yam, which they sometimes 
boil and eat. As nothing in the spirit-world which has 
life can be deprived of it, animal food in any form is un- 

Many of the best songs of earth originated in the spirit- 
world, and have ' been communicated to mortals, while 
many originating here are sung in heaven. The popular 
songs, "Sweet By and By" and "Best for the Weary" 
originated there, and are as great favorites there as 
here. But Solomon's Songs are neither sung nor chanted 

Meetings for conference and discussion are common. 
Moral, rehgious, and occasionally even certain of our j)oliti- 
cal questions are there considered. These meetings are 


held in pubKc halls, temples, and theatres. The orders 
of Masonry and Odd-Fellowship are perpetuated there, 
lodges existing throughout the lower heavens. 

Medial j)ower primarily pertains to the spiritual nature, 
certain material elements and the vital forces of the physical 
organism being tributary to its exercise, and the spirit is 
not divested of this power in the next life, but most com- 
monly it continues to be exercised there, only it is there 
exercised in connection with some earthly medium, and 
thus the medium here more frequently than otherwise 
continues to be a medium there for a certain time, and 
from his medial experiences in this life he in the next is 
enabled to exercise his powers more efficiently than he 
otherwise would. 

Many intelligent spirits note the changes and progress 
of earthly events with interest, and take part in all move- 
ments for the promotion of the best interests of mankind 
here below. The labors of our earth-life, where they have 
been directed to noble objects and aims, will there be con- 
tinued, in view, either of the same ends or of others equally, 
perhaps more important. It is natural for men to dehght 
in knowledge, and to take pleasure in applying it. A 
skiUful architect or mechanic, if in a normal condition 
physically and mentally, finds, perhaps, his highest enjoy- 
ment in the exercise of his special talents, and upon his 
translation to spirit-life he will still possess the same 
talents, and for a time, at least, the same tastes and habits, 
and he will avail himself of opportunities to exercise his 
talents in that world where all the conditions are so much 
more favorable, and the rewards of labor, though of a dif- 
ferent character, so much more satisfactory and abundant. 
But it is not to be supposed that he will always be satisfied 
to thus labor, on the contrary, through his labors for the 
good of others he will after a time advance to higher en- 

HOW spiRrrs are e:mi'loyed. 87 

jovments, aiid otliers will succeed liim in the employments 
he has relinquished. 

Neither do all skillful mechanics and others there, even 
temporarily, employ themselves as they did in earth-life ; 
it is entirely optional with them whether they do or not, 
and mam^ are attracted to other occupations. It is the 
same with all others who are differently endowed in re- 
spect to talents and tastes. All good spirits not only de- 
rive pleasure fi'om the simple exercise of their special 
talents but this pleasure is enhanced by a lively sense of 
the hapj)iness others derive from the fi'uits of their labors, 
eA*en as they in tui'n are benefited by the labors of others. 

The above remarks are equally true of the artist, physi- 
cian, la^Awer, clergyman, teacher, and business man, they 
also still possessing the talents and tastes which charac- 
terized them when here, and these also are most commonly 
exercised there. The true artist there transfers to im- 
perishable canvas his ideals of grace and beauty, ideals 
which transcend anything which in earth-life his imagina- 
tion had conceived. The physician may seek to impress 
the minds of mortals with higher and more important 
truths relating to the heahng art than those which he re- 
alized in the flesh, and thus be able, though indirectly, to 
continue his work of alleviating earthly sickness and suf- 
fering. The lawyer, if his soul has been in his profession, 
will there search into and endeavor to acquire knowledge 
of spiritual laws, and principles, and perhaps return to 
earth to impress receptive legal minds with the knowledge 
he has obtained. The earnest, sincere, and spiritually en- 
hghtened clerg^Tiian will there find congenial employment 
in preaching a better, purer, and more rational religion 
than he here ever comprehended, to the ignorant and de- 
graded dwellers in the second sphere, while at the same 
time he may find his highest, though it may be melancholy 


satisfaction, in sometimes returning to earth and here 
laboring' to eradicate some of the dark errors which he has 
engTafted in the minds of his fellow men. The teacher 
will generally pursue his earthly vocation for a period of 
time, the office of teacher there being not only a necessary 
but a highly honorable one. The talents of the business 
man Avill not lie idle, for there he will be employed, not in 
trade and barter, and the accumulation of wealth, as here, 
but in dealing with spiritual things, in gathering spiritual 
knowledge, and exchanging his material notions and errors 
for heavenly treasures, which he wiU dispense with a liberal 
hand to those whose needs demand the exercise of his 
charity and love. Neither is the statesman without con- 
genial emj)loyment, for he there has a field more extensive 
than any here, in wliich he finds unlimited facihties for re- 
search, and observation, for the true principles of political 
science are there understood and aj)]3hed, and systems of 
government, based on the highest wisdom, are in operation, 
to which all associations and individuals are subject. 

Many scientists after passing to the next life continue 
their researches there, where they find, within easy reach, 
all the means necessary for their prosecution, and which 
are known to scientists here. They have their societies 
and meetings where questions of interest to them are dis- 
cussed, but scientific subjects do not occupy the attention 
of American sj)mts to the extent they do those in the Eng- 
lish, French, and German heavens. But a scientist like 
Huxley, or Tindall, for instance, does not ordinarily in 
spirit-life possess as clear and distinct a memory of his 
special knowledge as he possessed on earth, and as his 
mind for so long a period has been absorbed in the pursuit 
of this knowledge he is apt to seek to exercise it there in 
the same direction, and perhaps, meeting with disappoint- 
ment, from the above cause, he turns to eai'th and mortal 


life aL»"aiu, and here endeavors to find some medially en- 
dowed brother scientist with whom he may be able to come 
into rapport, and through him continue the studies and 
researches which death interrupted. This employment for 
a time renders him contented, but sooner or later he be- 
comes more sensible of heavenly attractions, and less re- 
gardful of earthly, and turns his attention in that direc- 
tion, and bidding farewell to earth he thenceforth exercises 
his talents in congenial and, perhaps, corresponding pur- 
suits in his own world. 

Those who have here received but a meagre education 
will there have opportunities' of remedying their deficien- 
cies in this respect, as there are colleges, open to both 
sexes, the methods of instruction being principally by illus- 
trated lectures. 



Sunday Observance. Titles and Names. Personal Appearance of 
Spirits. Language. Prevision. The Insane in Spirit Life. 


The observance of Sunday as a day of rest from labor 
and for recuperation of the forces of mind and body, and 
for rehgious and moral improvement, is interwoven with 
European and American society, and the day is variously 
observed according to the views of its nature and require- 
ments, but to all it is a day distinct from other s^ and were 
its observance to be abrogated the most strenuous o]Dpo- 
sers of its religious character would have reason to regret 
it equall}^ with its most rigid observers, and in the hfe be- 
yond it will still be regarded as conducive to our well- 
being, and happiness, and in fact its observance is there 

In the American heavens above the second the day is 
generally regarded, not as sacred in any sense, but as a day 
convenient and appropriate for the performance of and at- 
tendance on religious services, and theatres and other 
places of amusement on that day are closed, but those who 
may be disinclined to attend religious services frequently 
hsten to lectures, or addresses, on moral and other useful 
subjects, or quietly enjoy themselves in their homes, gar- 


dens, and the fields, in sailing on tlie lakes and rivers, 
promenade, visit friends, etc., and generally conduct them- 
selves as most sensible and well-bred people here do on 
that day. 

The ser^dces in the temples — all places of worship in the 
heavens above the third are termed temples — are simple 
in character, being as nearly as possible free from form and 
ceremony, and all truly religious and moral truths are 
proper subjects for consideration. Dogmatic and credal 
articles of behef find no place or favor in the heavens 
above the third, and are ignored in these services. 

Even to those who in this' life have been materialists 
Simday there becomes a day of quiet moral and intellect- 
ual enjoyment, for the noblest, and wisest, and best of 
earth's teachers are there to instruct their fellow-men, and 
expoimd important truths, some of which they have learned 
from observation and experience in spirit-life, and others, 
mth which their minds are inspired, are derived from ex- 
alted angehc, perhaps Deific sources. 

Sunday, in the American heavens, is the only day which 
is invested with a pubhc character. There are no holidays, 
nor pubhc celebration of anniversaries. 


" How loved, how honorVl once avails thee not, 
To whom related, or by whom begot." 

The record of a good life is there of greater value and 
commands more respect than the earthly reputation of a 
monarch. The king and his subject, the lord and the peas- 
ant, the rich and the poor are there equal, or, quite as 
often as otherwise, the subject is above his king, the ]3eas- 
ant above his lord, and the beggar above the Dives who 
spurned him. 


Spirits are known by the names they bore in earth-life, 
and they address each other by these names. The appel- 
lations, Mr. and Mrs., are prefixed to proj)er names, as 
they are here, and higher earthly titles in the lower Eu- 
ropean heavens are frequently perpetuated for a time, but 
soon their use is discontinued. Among relatives our terms 
expressive of degrees of relationship are familiarly em- 
ployed, as also are given or Christian names among inti- 
mate friends. 

But there are exceptions to the rule that spirits are 
known by the names they bore while here, for spirits who 
have on earth led infamous hves, and who necessarily are 
on the loAvest planes of the earth, or second sphere, the 
"hells" of Swedenborg, when they have there expiated 
their crimes and are prepared to ascend to the third heaven 
frequently have other names substituted for those which 
they hitherto have borne, the new names being expressive 
or symbolical of their better, and now dominant traits of 
character, and these names they are thereafter known by, 
and those spirits who were acquainted with them in earth 
life are prohibited from addressmg them by their former 
titles or names. Good and pure spirits, whose earthly 
hves have been above reproach, would shrink from contact 
with a Nero, or Jeffreys, even though they should meet him 
as a saint in heaven. Any approach to one who had once 
borne such a character would be dictated by a sense of 
duty, not inchnation, for spuits are yet human in their 
traits of character. 

With children, who pass over at an age when they have 
a knowledge of their Christian names, these are generally 
perpetuated there, but when infants grow up in spirit life 
they are permitted, at a pro23er age, to adopt any Chiistian 
names they choose, but their choice is often influenced by 
the opinions of their guardians. 


Eartlily distinctiou and fame, unless based on sterling 
worth, are of little acconnt there. Many of the reputations 
of eminent and distinguished men are fictitious, or ill- 
deserved, and such have no standing there, while all recog- 
nize and honor the reputation that has been earned by 
labors for the good of mankind. Such characters as those 
of Socrates, Plato, Jesus, Wesley, Wilberforce, Howard, 
Washington, FrankHn, and Lincohi, are as highly appre- 
ciated and honored, and their eminence as generally recog- 
nized there, as here, while man}" great men, great in eartlily 
estimation, are there little indeed. 

In the lower European heavens earthl}' titles are to some 
extent recognized, but not in the higher. A monarch, in 
the higher of those heavens, would not receive homage, or 
be addressed by his earthly titles, even by the most humble 
of his former subjects, and he would there command no 
higher nor more general respect than the latter simply on 
account of his former exalted position. Neither would it 
be agreeable to him to receive homage or be addressed by 
his former titles. When other titled persons of less dis- 
tinction pass over with good records they are there, for a 
time only, addressed by their titles, but these are only sub- 
stitutes for their proper names. A nobleman Avould be 
addressed as Duke, 'or Lord, but not as "Your Grace," or 
"Lordship," nor would a monarch, even in the lower 
heavens, be commonly addressed as "Your Majesty." A 
few admirers and others, who yet continued to be inflii- 
enced by the feelings of awe and respect with which they 
had formerly regarded royalty, would continue to emj)loy 
the same forms of speech when addressing members of a 
royal family, but in time even they would cease to address 
them in such terms, which savor of flattery and servihty. 




Eternal youth is the heritage of the soul. It is said that 
Washington Irving, when a young man, loved Matilda 
Hoffman, and that she died early, and that true to her 
memory and his only love he never married, and in a pri- 
vate di'awer after his death was found her miniature, and 
a lock of her hair. To a fiiend he said : " She died in the 
beauty of youth, and to me she will always be young and 
beautiful." He here had an intuitive perception of the 
truth that in the glory of youth and beauty she would wel- 
come him to the bright world beyond. She was as true to 
his memory as he was to hers, for the constancy of a mor- 
tal's love can never excel that of an angel's. 

In the heavens males appear to be of the age of about 
twenty-eight to thirty years, and females about twenty-five. 
No spirits bear the appearance of advanced age to other 
spirits. The reverend, gray-bearded ajopearance, which 
some spirits present when they render themselves visible 
to us thi'ough the processes of materialization, is only as- 
sumed for purposes of identification. 

Personal characteristics are as distinctly, though not as 

extremely marked in the spirit-world as they are with us, 

/but all who have lived proper lives here, as also those who 

/ have become purified and elevated by repentance, are more 

/ beautiful than they were in the flesh, and as they progress in 

purity and wisdom they constantly become more beautiful. 

Ungainly and ugly people are no longer so when they 
have attained the foui'th heaven, and as they advance they 
steadily become more beautiful. The features of spirits, 
in degree, continue to be as distinctively characteristic as 
they were here, but each feature in time becomes a perfect 
type of the class of features to which it belongs. 


Altliougli there ai'e no spirits who are extremely short, 
or tall, yet in both these respects there are degrees of dif- 
ference. Certain spirits are taller or shorter, stouter or 
more slender, than others, so that it is proper to say of 
certain spirits that they are tall or short, stout or slim, 
but, as just remarked, not in the extreme. The compara- 
tive stature of males and females is about the same as in 
earth-life. From what has been said it follows that there 
are no spirit dwarfs, nor giants, neither are there any de- 
formed spirits, excepting the comparatively few whose 
earthly deformities are temporarily perpetuated in the 
earth sphei'e, and who are elsewhere described. The em- 
bodied spirits of dwarfs and giants are contracted or ex- 
panded to the proportions of the material body, but when 
such spirits are released by the death of the latter they as- 
sume normal proportions. This is in conformity with a 
natui'al spiiitual law. Dwarfs, like little Minnie Warren, 
and Tom Thumb, when they pass away — the former is now 
in sj^iiit-life — assume the full stature and projjortions of 
ordinary men and women. All spirits upon their entrance 
to the tMrd heaven are permitted to determine their sta- 
ture. Once determined it remains permanently fixed. The 
majority of spirits however do not avail themselves of this 
permission, being .satisfied with their natural stature. 

The complexions of sj^irits differ as with us. In the 
same heavens are to be found light, and dark, and inter- 
mediate complexions, and hair of all shades of color, in- 
cluding red. The negroes, in the lowest of their spheres, 
are as black as they were on earth, but as elsewhere stated, 
they become hghter in color as they progress. When 
spmts reach the fourth heaven should they earnestly and 
definitely desu-e changes in the color or hue of their hair 
the changes will accordingly be made mthout the observ- 
ance of any conditions, or taking any other measures on 


their part to produce the desired results. The changes are 
wrought by a power, which, to them, is shrouded in mj^stery. 

Some male sjoirits wear beards, others do not. Some 
also wear side whiskers, and moustaches. With each, 
taste determines the form. They do not shave, nor trim 
their beards. They have only to intently desire that these 
shall assume a certain appearance and the desire is grati- 
fied. The change generally occurs at night, when they 
are asleep:). Should they desire to have no beard their de- 
sire in this respect is also gratified. 

The personal appearance of spirits, in a general sense, 
represents their condition, good spirits appearing bright, 
and happy, and beautiful, while those on low planes ap- 
pear the reverse. These are darker, appear unhappy, their 
countenances indicate evil thoughts, and passions, and their 
garments invariably correspond in appearance to their 
condition, being shabby, and mean, often actually torn 
and ragged. They avoid good spirits, when possible, and, 
as a rule, equally avoid their resorts on earth. But the 
different grades of good spirits are not readily distinguished 
except by their raiment, neither is it possible to accurately 
classify the bad by their appearance. The higher spirits, 
when perceived by mortals clairvoyantly, sometimes ap- 
pear of a brightness which might without exaggeration be 
termed dazzling, but they do not thus actually appear to 
each other. 

There are no such appearances as halos, or spheres of 
light, surrounding the heads of spirits. Neither are there 
personal atmospheres surrounding spirits, visible to each 


Spirits can no more communicate with each other with- 
out the use of speech than we can, and two spirits of dif- 


ferent nationalities meeting, and not understanding the 
language of each other, Avoald labor under as many diffi- 
culties in attempting to comnumicate as they would in the 

Swedenborg in his Heaven and Hell, ^ 236, says that 
there is but one lani2iiao'e used throuoiiout heaven. This 
is an error, for as many languages are spoken there as on 
earth, nationalities and languages in all the heavens that 
T\'e have any knowledge of, being as positive and distinct 
facts there as here, but in the higher heavens there is 
reason to believe that there is a steady approximation to 
unity of language, while at the same time strictly national 
traits, habits, and feelings fade, and ultimately disappear. 

There ai'e two w^ays in which the knowledge of languages, 
other than their own, may become useful to spirits ; first, in 
visiting the inhabitants and exploring the heavens of other 
nationahties, and searching therr libraries and records ; 
and second, in communicating through mediums here 
with foreigners. For any other than these purjDoses such 
knowledge is of little or no service in the heavens. 


Foreknowledge of earthly events is dependent on a fac- 
ulty possessed by comparatively few spirits, the great 
majority of them being quite as ignorant of events in the 
futui'e as we are. But certain spirits are endowed with 
the faculty of precision, and these are to be found in all 
the heavens above the third, while in the highest heavens 
there are advanced spmts who are endowed in an eminent 
degree with the gift of clairvoyance, so that they are able 
to directly and plainly perceive whatever they desire in re- 
lation to eartlily events and cii'cumstances in the present, 


and in the future, and they either of themselves, or in as- 
sociation with others, perhaps still more exalted, largely 
influence and even determine the course and character of 
many earthly human events, always exercising their power 
for the attainment of important and worthy objects. 

But it is only of those in the lower heavens that we have 
any definite knowledge as to their power of divination, I 
know of one spirit, now in the ninth heaven, who is gifted 
with the faculty of perceiving future earthly events, and 
his prevision is ordinarily Hmited to a period of three years. 
He also is unable, except on rare occasions, to perceive 
the precise times of the occurrence of the events he pre- 
dicts. He perceives that certain events will or wiU not 
take place within the period of time to which his prevision 
is Hmited. But there are other spirit seers in these heav- 
ens whose clairvoyance penetrates the future to a greater 
extent, and who are able to foresee the precise times at 
which more distant events will occur. 

My communication with this prescient spirit has been 
exclusively through one of my mstructors, Mr. Bernard, 
and the latter's account of the way in VN^hich the desired 
information is obtained may interest some of my readers, 
as it certainly did me. Mr. Bernard says that when he 
desires knowledge relating to the future he visits Mr. 
Puixly, at his home, in the ninth heaven where the latter 
has a large room, which he terms his sitting room, and 
which is devoted to such purposes. Here both become 
seated, Mr. Purdy in a chair w^hich he invariably occu- 
pies when he attempts to divine the future, and after a few 
moments of silence he becomes unconscious, apparently 
passing into a gentle slumber, when he is in a condition to 
impart information upon the subject ]3resented, replying to 
any questions relating to that subject, but to none relating 
to any other, and when these questions have been an- 


swered lie resumes his former natural state, and then re- 
members nothing whatever that has been said during his 
entrancement. Although only one subject may be consid- 
ered at one seance, a second seance may succeed the first 
after a brief interval of time, when another subject may be 
presented for consideration. 

My Spiritualist readers will readily recognize this as a 
desciiption of a seance with an entranced clairvoyant, such 
a seance as most Spirituahsts have frequently participated 
in, and w^e laiow that the intelligence back of the earthly 
cLiii'voyant medium is a disembodied spiiit, but who, or 
what, is the intelligence back of this clairvoyant spirit ? It 
is a stai'tling question, or at least was and is to me, and at 
some future time will be fui'ther considered. 

It is a law of spirit life that when good spirits earnestly 
desire particular gifts, the exercise of which wiU conduce 
to their own happiness, or that of others, and to the ac- 
comphshment of worthy and iiseful purposes, such desires 
shall be gTatified. In whatever pursuits such spirits may 
engage, if these be laudable and useful, powers are con- 
ferred which assist in the attainment of the objects desu'ed, 
the faculties employed are strengthened, and developed, 
and sometimes even new faculties seem to be bestowed. 
Thus prevision, clau-yoyance, and psychological and healing 
power when exercised by such spirits, for good purposes, 
are wonderfully developed. This is strikingly illustrated 
in the cases of guardian spuits, who, when appointed to 
their offices are alwaj^s endowed with the power of per- 
ceiving every thought, and hearing every word uttered by 
their w^ards, and in addition to this, of frequently foresee- 
ing events relating to them in the immediate future. Many 
people here are sadly deficient in a capacity for music, poe- 
try, or painting, but if there they earnestly covet any one or 
all of these talents they w^ill be developed in them, and some- 


times witli amazing rapidity, to the astonislimeut of them- 
selves and others. Musical and poetical harmony not only 
perv^ade the soul of ever}^ li^^PPJ spirit, but all such spirits 
are able to give expression to their feehngs and sentiments 
through voices and instruments that faithfully reflect the 
inward beauty and purity of theu' souls. 

The j)recise times of the deaths, or recovery fi'om disease 
of persons, have m many instances been predicted by them- 
selves. These persons are always sensitives, or mediums, 
and the sources of the information are clairvoyant spirits, 
most commonly the guardians of the persons, whose minds 
they impress with tliis knowledge, or, as is often the case, 
whose organs of speech they control to give utterance to the 
prediction. Similar information concerning the future of 
others sometimes comes through professional medimns, 
from like sources. What are termed, presentiments, are 
generally warnings or intimations of something to occui' in 
the future impressed on the mind by gTiardian spii'its. 

That the future capabilities of every important, human 
instiTiment for good are distinctly foreseen by certain ad- 
vanced inteUigences, and that such individuals are carefully 
guarded and guided, I am well convinced, not only from 
the assurances of my invisible instructors, but also from 
independent conclusions. Whatever free moral agency 
may be to others, to them, excepting within exceedingly 
circumscribed hmits, it hardly exists. They are instru- 
ments for the accomphshment of ends, and if these ends 
be important, interests, objects, and individuals that are 
obstacles to their attamment are sacrificed, and even the 
temporal comfort and hajopiness of the mstrument himself 
sometimes are subjected to the same fate. But in the latter 
event he is richly compensated in the next life for all his 
sufferings and disappointments in this. 



There are, properly speaking, no insane spirits except 
those in the earth-sj)here and who previous to their insanity 
were degraded spiritually, and morally. These frequently 
continue, in some degree, insane for a considerable period 
of time, their spiritual condition not being favorable to 
their restoration, and here they are often attracted to 
mortals with like tendencies, whom they obsess, and 
throuf^'h whom they ventilate their own disordered fan- 
cies, or even worse, impel to acts of violence. Persons 
on higher planes who enter the spirit-world insane are at 
once conducted to" the thu'd heaven. These, most com- 
monly, are not permitted to revisit the earth, for should 
they do so they, in a gTeater or less degree, would resume 
then- former msane condition and feelings, and should 
they then come into relations with insane mortals, or with 
mediums, then- insanity would return in full force, and 
might be manifested through these channels injurious- 
ly. But individuals of this class, whose former insanity 
was of a harmless character, are sometimes permitted 
to return, and thi'ough mediums they sometimes proclaim 
themselves to be, Paul, Socrates, or Julius Csesar, or 
some other celebrity, or perhaps even God Himself. There 
are infirmaries in the second and third heavens for those 
who have died insane, and all such, excepting the most de- 
graded, are conveyed directly to one of these, as also are 
all idiots and imbeciles. The insane very soon recover 
their reason, but idiots require j^rotracted treatment to de- 
velop their dormant faculties, but under the kind ministra- 
tions of the angels they steadily progress, and in time reach 
the plane of average intelligence, and sometimes outstrip 
originally brighter minds. 


When a person is bloT^ii into fragments by an explosion, 
caused by nitro-giycerine, steam, or gunpowder, his spiritual 
body is not disintegTated or torn asunder as his material 
body is, and although it be utterly prostrated and helpless 
its integrity yet remains, and it is conveyed in the arms 
of sympathizing spirit friends to one of these infirmaries, 
where it is tenderly cared for until it is fully restored. 
The treatment consists of rest, magnetism, and proper 
nourishment. The worst cases generally soon recover. 
These infirmaries are to be found only in the second and 
third heavens. 



Wherein Spirits Differ. Marriage. Family Kelations. Children. 



"We are told in the Bible that angels differ " as one star 
differ eth from another star in glory." This declaration is 
substantiated by the revelations of Spirituahsm. As indi- 
viduals of all shades of character, of all moral and intellec- 
tual gTades, are constantly passing from this hfe to the 
next, and as nothing essentially pertaining to moral 
character or mind is immediately gained, lost, or changed by 
death, it follows that the inhabitants of that world, in all 
these respects, are as diverse as the inhabitants of this, 
and so far as this diversity appHes to the mind and intel- 
lect it still exists, in less degree, in the highest heavens. 
Equahty is chiefly in respect to happiness, all s]oirits in 
the same heavens being equally happy. In the highest 
heavens that my instructors have any knowledge of, the 
educated and uneducated, the intellectual and unintellec- 
tual are to be found associated, and this is evidently a 
vd^Q provision for the imjorovement and elevation of the 
originally less fortunate, ^ith whom the more fortunate 
are there brought directly or indirectly into constant re- 
lations, and by this means the former are enabled to ad- 


vance to liigiier and yet liiglier planes, and thus wisdom 
and love ever march hand m hand in the paths of pro- 
gression. As spirits progress their capacity for the re- 
ceptio]! and assimilation of knowledge is enlarged and 
they receive all they are capable of receiving. 

If food, raiment, etc., be excepted, in most other re- 
spects spirits are as dependent on each other for enjoy- 
ment as we are. Those who abound in knowledge or love 
find their highest pleasure in imparting of it to those who 
are deficient in either of these respects, and these are 
equally happy in receiving what is so freely bestowed, and 
are able, and glad, to impart something in return. Al- 
though virtue does not confer talent yet, as a source of 
happiness, it supplies its place, and goodness and purity 
are more necessary to progression in that hfe than wisdom, 
and in the higher heavens the diversity in respect to wis- 
dom and knowledge is not as great as with us, for the 
minds of the simple and ignorant there unfold more rapidly 
than they do here under the most favorable circumstances. 
Still diversity exists, not only in respect to wisdom and 
knowledge, but to taste and refinement, and there are 
nearly as many different social and intellectual circles 
as in society on earth. But distinctions there are not arbi- 
trary, and as too often here, based on selfish, interested, 
and unworthy considerations. Merit first, then taste and 
inclination, are at the bases of all distinctions there, and 
determine each one's position in regard to all others, and 
each is most happy in his relations to the particular circle 
in which he moves. The law throu^'h which individuals of 
like tastes and inclinations sympathize with and are attracted 
to each other, operates in the spirit world as here, and all 
are within the sphere of its operation excepting certain 
undeveloped spirits on the lowest planes, who may for a 
time be condemned to isolation. It follows, that there are 


numerous circles or societies in every heaven, all equally 
pervaded witli tlie spirit of love and every spirit sustains 
relations to some society. Even in the lowest spheres 
there are societies or circles of criminals, drunkards, glut- 
tons, debauchees, gamblers, misers, etc., in which selfish- 
ness reigns supreme. 

There are as many there who look to others for guidance 
and direction as there are here. There are many saints of 
both sexes in heaven who are as helpless, and nearly as 
useless, as they ever were. But their incapacity is not of 
itself accounted a sin, and gradually they become sensible 
of their deficiencies, and are stimulated to exertion, which 
results in improvement. They are simply deficient in 
mental force and energy. There are leading minds in all 
the heavens, and there could be no leaders were it not that 
the majority requu-e to be led. But there the exercise of 
their influence is natural, and proper, and is not associated 
with pride, vanity, and selfishness, but is always exercised 
m a wise and lo^ang spirit, and for the common good. 
Many here weakly covet the special talents of others, while 
perhaps underestimating and neglecting the value of dif- 
ferent, but perhaps equally useful and important talents, 
which they may possess, but there no such selfish compari- 
sons are made, each simply striving, more or less earnestly, 
to improve the talents with which he has been endowed. 
Ever}" man in that life is what he earnestly strives to be. 

Growth, both moral and intellectual, in the spirit-world 
is gradual, but more rapid than it is here. There is no re- 
trogi'ession, neither are there any sudden leaps in progres- 
sion, but when the upward course is once entered uj)on it 
is steady and continuous, if we excej)t the rare instances in 
which it is temporarily interrupted as a result of disobedi- 
ence to the commands of higher powers, as elsewhere 
noticed. These are the teachings of all advanced spirits, 


and they all equally agree in declaring it to be their opinion 
that progression for every human soul is eternal. 

" The new must e'er supplant the old 
While time's unceasing current flows, 
Only new beauties to unfold, 
And brighter glories to disclose." 

In that world every soul unerringly gravitates to that 
plane, and is surrounded by those conditions, that are best 
suited to his requirements and present or future happiness. 
Advancement keeps pace with the improvement which jus- 
tifies it, and no spirit, however pure and happy he may be, 
would be equally happy were he to prematurely advance 
even to the next heaven above his own. Mr. Owen, who, 
while his home was in the fifth heaven was permitted to 
visit the higher heavens, up to the fifteenth, and my father, 
who, while in the sixth was permitted to visit the ninth, both 
told me that their feelings did not harmonize with sur- 
rounding objects and scenes in those heavens, and not- 
withstanding the superiority of all things there after re- 
maining a short time, and partially satisfying their curi- 
osity, they experienced a desire to return. They did not 
feel at home, they felt that they were out of place, and not 
quahfied to inhabit those heavens. 

Happiness, hke knowledge, and wealth, to be fully appre- 
ciated must be gradually attained. " If God," says Lessing, 
were to hold in His right hand all truth, and in His left 
the everlasting active desire for truth, though veiled in 
eternal error, and were to bid me choose, I would humbly 
grasp His left, praying, 'Almighty Father grant me this 
gift, absolute truth is for Thee alone.'" 

All the faculties of the mind are exercised with greater 
clearness and force in spirit-life, and all good spirits have 
a never-ceasing desire for advancement, their past experi- 


ence teacliing tliem tliat iu each successive heaven their 
happiness has been increased, and that each, successively, 
is more beautiful than that below it, and this desire mcites 
them to constant efforts to elevate themselves, morally and 
intellectually. But they are not impatient, the desire be- 
ing a calmly expectant one and they know it will in due 
time be gratified, and this knowledge is a source of happi- 
ness to them. 

No event occurs in spirit-life corresponding to the death 
of the material body in earth-life. In passing from lower 
to higher heavens spirits experience no change other than 
that of an increase of ha23j)iness. The only change which 
precedes this step, and leads to it, is steady progress in love 
and wisdom. As it is with us, the steps by which angels 
rise are built of good deeds, and thoughts, and words of 
kindness and love. 

There are no Atheists in the heavens above the third, and 
very soon after entering that heaven a God-denying spirit, 
if of average inteUigence, comes to appreciate his condition 
and surroundings, and to perceive the hand of God in 
eveiything, and every doubt of the existence of an Al- 
mighty, All Wise, and Beneficent Power is banished fi'om 
his mind. The faith of the higher spirits in man's immor- 
tahty is absolute, and this perfect conviction is their prin- 
cipal argTiment in support of its truth. They regard the 
human soul as a pure coin from the mint of Deity, with 
God's own image impressed upon it, so that its true nature 
and quahty shall be recognized throughout the universe, 
and thi'ough the ages of eternity. 

A good and true earthly record is a passport to the best 
associations there. That earthly character does carry 
weight in the next life, as before remarked, is certainly 
true, and the following anecdote illustrates the fact. 

At one of our meetings in Januar^'^, 1878, Mr. Owen 

108 ME. Owen's inquiries. 

asked me whether I formerly had known in San Francisco 

a gentleman of the name of B G . He said he had 

lately made the acquaintance of a spirit of this name, who 
told him that he knew me in that city, about eighteen 
years ago. Many ^^ears since he was engaged in mercan- 
tile business in New York, and in the early days of Cah- 
fornia he emigrated to San Francisco, where after some 
years he died. He informed Mr. Owen of an occurrence 
in which he and I alone were concerned, and also in other 
ways identified himself satisfactorily to me. The particular 
object IVIr. Owen had in view in communicating this to me 
was, he said, to ascertain what this gentleman's character 
had been when here, as fi'om their frequently meeting they 
might become more intimate, and his character when here 
would to some extent determme the degree of that inti- 
macy in the future. 

For the information of Mr. Owen's friends I will here say 
that " Violet " has been for many years, and still is, the 
companion of his wife. Her home is with his family in the 

The only exception I have found to the rule, that un- 
happiness is unknown in heaven, is that young children of a 
sensible age, after their separation by death from their 
parents, mourn their absence. But their grief is of short 
duration, and it seems to be permitted for the purpose of 
impressing upon their tender minds, in indelible characters, 
the remembrance of their parents, and their love for them, 
so that their own love shall not fade, but shall respond to 
that of the parents when the final reunion shall take place 
through the death of the latter. 



" For in the resuiToction the}' neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are as 
the angels of God in heaven." — JIatt. xxii. oO. 

Marriage, as it was regarded by the Jews in the time of 
Jesus, is, as he declared it to be, unknown in the heavens. 
With them it was not the union of equals, nor necessarily 
of two kindred souls constituting a perfect whole, but the 
v^-iie was regarded as an inferior, an appendage of the 
household, a seiwant, often bought with the husband's 
money, whom he could divorce or discharge from his ser- 
vice for shght causes, and with little formahty. It is very 
true that "they neither marry nor are given in marriage" 
in this sense in the heavens, but all sj)irits, sooner or later, 
either renew theii' marriage relations or enter the married 
state. Their happiness othermse would not be perfect ; 
they would constitute discordant elements where all is 

]Many marriages on earth are for time only, but it is satis- 
factory to know that the majority are for eternity. Wliile 
death divorces many it also forever unites in the bonds of 
love and affection many more. If husband and wife are 
not here proj)eiiy mated, if they are discordant in senti- 
ment and feehng, no reunion there takes place, but each 
party sooner or later forms a harmonious and happy union 
with another, and whether husband and wife are reunited, 
or new relations formed, the union is forever. Neither 
outgrows the other, their progress is equal. Thenceforth 
they are one in thought and feeling. The two constitute 
a perfect whole, the rounded being. 

All who pass to spuit-hfe unmari-ied, sooner or later 
marry, but some remain single for many years. A brother, 
who died at the age of sixteen, married in the spirit-world 
nine years since, at the age of fifty, counting the united 


years of liis earthly and spiritual existence. Two sisters, 
wlio ]3assed away when I was a youth, are not yet married, 
while on the other hand an infant daughter, who now 
should be twenty-eight years of age, was married five years 
since, and my first-born child, a son, who entered spirit- 
hfe at the age of four years, thirty years ago, has been en- 
gaged to be married about three years. From his case it 
will be perceived that there are such things as protracted 
courtships, as well as marriages, in heaven. 

Unmarried spirits generally make their homes with the 
famihes of their relatives, or friends. Wlien marriages 
take place in the heavens the wife assumes the surname of 
the husband, as in earthly marriages. Earthly marriages 
are frequently brought about by spiiit fiiends of the parties, 
often with happy results, and sometimes the results are 
quite different, and these well-disposed but mistaken spirit- 
friends are brought to reahze that their intervention has 
been most unfortunate. Then again, in certain compara- 
tively rare instances, marriages with us are the results of 
the schemes of vicious spirits, and such unions necessarily 
are lamentable, misery being the inevitable lot of one, or 
both parties. 

There is no truth in the opinion, held by some, that 
people are born in pairs, male and female, and predestined 
for each other. 

The ceremony of marriage in the heavens is very simple. 
When the parties have determined on a union they an- 
nounce their engagement, and at the proper time assemble 
their friends, and in their presence declare their intentions. 
The choice is always aj)proved, as it cannot be otherwise 
than suitable, and the declaration on the part of the con- 
tracting parties, with the felicitations of their friends con- 
stitute the entire ceremony. This is followed by a feast, 
and generally v/ibh music and dancing. 


The approved and liappy marriages of tlieir eartlily 
friends ai-e frequently celebrated by tliem in like manner. 


' By a power to thought unknown, 

Love shall ever seek its own ; 

Sundered not by time or space, 
"VYith no distant dwelling place. 

Soul shall answer unto soul, 

As the needle to the pole." — Doten, 

Simple family relationship, in itself, has there no bind- 
ing force, but its ties are not severed by death, for where 
in this life affection has existed between relatives, or others, 
it continues in the next, and generally is there augmented. 
The husband and wife, parent and child, brother and sister, 
that are here united in the bonds of spiritual affinity, are 
reunited in the spirit-world, and no power can separate 
them, but where this spiritual attraction does not exist, 
even should they inhabit the same heaven, they will be as 
indifferent to each other as if the ties of relationship had 
never existed. 

But it is rarely the case that all the members of a family 
find themselves in the same heaven when the last of them 
has passed over. InteUigence, spirituahty, morality, age 
and other considerations enter as factors in determming 
the heaven that a spirit shaU first enter, as weU as the 
length of time he shall remain in it. If the parents be of 
advanced age when they enter the spirit-world, and have 
lived good and true hves, they advance with comparative 
raj)idity, while one of their children, of mature age, of 
equally true character, dying about the same time, might 
enter the same heaven mth them, say the third, and not 
advance beyond the fourth, while they have passed upward 
to the fifth or sixth. The difference here in the rate of 


progression may not be at all dependent on moral char- 
acter, nor intelligence, etc., but simply on earthly attrac- 
tions, these being very feeble with the parents, but perhaps 
quite active with the adult child. But afterwards this child 
will overtake the parents if he desires to reunite with them. 

It frequently happens with a family that when the last 
member passes over he may enter the third heaven while 
the other members, who have preceded him, may be dis- 
tributed through the other heavens, ujd to the sixth or 
seventh ; in this case those in the highest heavens will re- 
main there until the others overtake them, when all will be 
reunited, and thereafter advance together, and so far as 
we know, for all eternity. Nor should it be supposed that 
the members of such a family, who are in the lower heav- 
ens, and who have lived proper lives on earth feel in any 
degree humiliated by their temporarily lower position, for 
they fully realize that they are not there as a punishment, 
but for the reason that in those heavens they can best be 
prepared to enjoy the happiness of the higher heavens. 
Nor do they suffer for lack of the society and companion- 
ship of their relatives in the heavens above them, for these 
visit them, perha|)s daily, and possibly are with them the 
greater portion of the time, and although their happiness 
is not equal to that of those above them, yet they are far 
from being miserable. 

In November, 1877, my spirit father informed me that 
he and my mother had removed from the eighth to the 
seventh heaven. He said that a spirit from a higher heaven 
had visited him, at his home, and notified him that he and 
my mother were at. liberty to advance to the ninth. He 
rephed, that it would afford them greater pleasure to re- 
turn to the seventh, so as to be nearer Mr. and Mrs. Owen, 
who then were in the fifth, and there remain until the lat- 
ter should join them. The messenger expressed his sur- 

MR. Owen's progressiox. 113 

prise at this preference, but said lie would leave and return 
within an hour, bringing the decision regarding my father's 
request. He did so return, and reported that it had been 
granted, and accordingly my parents descended to the 
seventh heaven. They had then been in the spirit-world 
more than lialf a century, while Mr. Owen had entered it 
only in June of the same year — five months previously. 
The latter passed fiom earth on the 24th day of June, 
1877, and entered the third heaven, where he remained 
less than one month, and thence passed successively to the 
fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth, entering the latter 
heaven in April, 1878. Mr. Owen was qualified immedi- 
ately after his departure to enter a higher heaven, at least 
the sixth, but as his work here was not yet completed it 
was desirable that he should make his home temporarily 
in each of the true heavens, and regularly advance from 
the lowest, so as to unclerstandingly judge of the charac- 
teristics and merits of each, and thus be better cjualified to 
correctlv describe them. 

Neither husband nor wife there, ever outgrows the other 
in any direction which can cause inharmony. If one ex- 
cels in wisdom, the other surpasses in loveliness of char- 
acter. Thus the balance is eternally preserved. Conjugal 
love in that Hfe is the highest and most perfect form of 
love. It is not to be supposed that parental love, in all the 
intensity which frequently characterizes it here wiU con- 
tinue to forever exist in that world. This love on earth is 
intensified by the deep and ever-present sense of respon- 
sibility, of the need of protection and gTiidance, but as the 
necessity in which this feeling originates no longer exists 
in spirit-hfe, this love ceases to be apprehensive, and in- 
tense, and becomes transformed into that steady, mild 
affection, which there binds together all true friends, and 
kindi'ed souls. 


Spirits are sensible of tokens of affection on the part of 
their mortal friends, and ajDpreciate them, perhaps more 
highly than when in the ilesh, and it is a beautiful truth 
that when pure affection for the departed prompts the 
dedication to them of any object, such as an embroidered 
article, a drawing, painting, book, or other ornamental or 
useful production, the knowledge of it generally soon 
reaches the dear one for whom it is intended, and the gift 
is not only highly appreciated but a spiritual duplicate of 
the object is fi^equently procured and treasured as the 
representative of the object itself, and many times the 
donors are surprised and pleased, when they join their 
angel friends on the other shore, to find these counterparts 
of their gifts conspicuously displayed in their spiritual 

The love that is born of the spirit, as all true love is, is 
imperishable, and will find its oavu and be reunited with 
it in despite of all obstacles. It never mistakes ; it knows 
BO failures. The laws that govern it are God's laws, and 
these are invariable. 

" I shine a star, though once I perished as a flower," 

When infants and other very young children pass into 
spirit-Hfe the change in their appearance is less marked 
than in older persons. They gain nothing but their free- 
dom from pain and suffering, and lose nothing but their 
material bodies, and are as helpless, innocent, and igno- 
rant as before. In the fifth heaven there is what may be 
termed a grand nursery, or temporary home, for such as 
these, and all are conveyed there v/ho have no parents or 
near relatives in the heavens above the second, to claim 
and care for them. All who have adult female relatives in 


these heavens are taken by the latter to their own homes, 
where they are cai-efully and lovingly tended and in- 
structed. There are alwa3"S many female spirits in the 
foiu'th and fifth heavens who, either never had children of 
theii* o^^ll, or who have none with them in spirit-life, whose 
highest enjoyment consists in receiving and caring for 
these little waifs. This is with them a labor of love and 
delight, and they devote the same kind and degree of at- 
tention to them that loving and sensible mothers here be- 
stow on theii' helj)less children, and while the love of these 
angehc foster-mothers for their innocent charges always 
equals, and more fi'equently surpasses that of the natui'al 
mother, it is bestowed more judiciously, with greater 
wisdom and constant regard to the best interests of the 
child in the futui^e, and only those are entrusted with the 
duty whose highest hajDpiness consists in its perform- 

The conditions that surround young children in that 
life are such that only the best and noblest qualities of 
theii' natui'es are unfolded, they are far removed from all 
e^il influences, and are angehc in their loveliness, and 
pui'ity, as they afterwards become m knowledge and wis- 
dom. Free from the contamination of eartlily faults 
and vices, they have nothing to repent of, no wounds 
to be healed, no scars to mar the purity of their charac- 
ters, and no bitter earthly experiences, the memory of 
which to outgTow. Thej are pure, "even as the angels 
in heaven," beautiful blossoms, transplanted to a fairer 
clime, where they unfold into perfect and never-fading 

Respecting the education of children, the necessity of it 
is as imperative there as here, the conditions and means 
only being different, and the character of these renders the 
impartation and acquisition of knowledge a pleasure, in- 


stead of a task, and the unfoldment of tlie youthful mind 
proceeds more raj)idly than in this life. No means of 
compulsion are used, and no restraints are imposed, their 
inclinations being in perfect harmony with their pursuits. 
Books are employed as means of instruction, but most of 
the knowledge is imparted oraUy, and by object teaching. 
Our kindergarten schools are indebted to the spirit-world 
for their origin. Children are there taught all the com- 
mon or elementary branches, including the geography of 
the heavens, illustrated by maps, and such other knowl- 
edge as will be useful to them in the future. Of the moral 
lessons that are most constantly impressed on the youth- 
ful spirit mind, is that of the necessity of being useful to 
themselves, and others. 

Older children than these, approaching adult age, of 
depraved natures, when they pass over enter the second 
sphere, a division of which is appropriated to their recep- 
tion, and where they are kept separate from the adults, 
and carefully guided and instructed, and in a comparatively 
brief time are advanced to the third heaven. 

Children in the spirit-world increase in stature as they do 
here, but their mental and spiritual unfoldment are more 
rajDid than if they had remained on earth. Boys and girls 
there are respectively characterized by masculine and femi- 
nine tastes, as they are here, and the former amuse them- 
selves with their balls, and marbles, and the latter with 
their dolls, and hoops. 

Young children are frequently brought to earth to learn 
by observation of children here, and strong and enduring 
attachments are often formed by spirit children for children 
in this life, who may, or may not, be related to them by 
ties of consanguinity, and the influence exercised is always 
for good. But the custom of bringing children to earth is 
not by any means general, for ordinarily there is no ne- 


cessity for it, they being able to learn aU that is necessary 
for them to know, in then- heavenly homes. 


The animals m the spirit-world are actual, objective ex- 
istences, and not images, or phantasms, only existing in 
the minds of spirits, as some suppose, but with the Lidian, 
for example, the dog and pony he has with him are not 
the spirits of the identical dog and pony he owned on 
earth, but spiritual counterparts of them, and not of 
earthly origin, for earthly animals have no existence be- 
yond this life. Many other spirits beside Indian, who here 
had their favorite horses, and pet dogs, or birds, have 
there, what appear to them to be the same, the resem- 
blance in all respects being j)erfect, but in reality they are 
not the same. These have been provided to meet the de- 
sii'es of these spirits, by the same Divine hand that pro- 
vides dii'ectly, or indirectly, for all their other wants and 
desn^es. As to spirit anir-nls, their origin may there be 
as much a matter of speculation with some as the origin of 
species is here. It is certain that they do not propagate 
their sj)ecies, and for all that wise spirits know to the con- 
traiy they enjoy a pei^petual existence. 

The only species of animals in the spirit-world that my 
instiTictors have knowledge of, are horses, dogs, cows, deer, 
hares, and rabbits, domestic fowls, and birds, and of these, 
horses, deer, and birds, are to be found in all the heavens 
above the second, certainly up to the thirty-second, as also 
in the first, or Indian heaven, but there are no animals of 
any kind in the second sj^here. They are all perfectly do- 
cile, and hve on the most fiiendly terms with man, though 
when the Indian chases deer they act precisely as our 


deer do when hunted, but they seem to understand that 
they are in no danger, and enter into the spirit of the 
sport, and after the chase they peaceably return to their 
haunts where they can be approached without difficulty, 
and will then readily obey the call of their hunters. 

Animals in the spirit-world, apparently, possess no other 
means of communicating with each other than earthly 
animals do, but they are far more intelligent than the 
latter, and seem to understand each other better. They 
also evidently comprehend whatever is said to them by 

Although horses, dogs, and birds, at least, are frequently 
brought from higher to lower heavens, and taken back, yet 
they cannot be taken from the heaven they inhabit to a 
higher, so when spirits possessing these animals progress 
to higher heavens they are compelled to leave them, but 
strange to relate, if they desire it, in their new homes they 
find animals in all respects like the others, only in degree 
more beautiful, and these animals seem to know them, as 
the others did, answering to their names, and possess- 
ing all the traits and habits which the others possessed. 
So perfect is the resemblance that most spirits believe 
them to be the identical animals they left in the heaven 

Horses and dogs may be brought from the first and 
third heavens to the earth, and in some instances, in twi- 
hght, be sufficiently materialized to be seen with the nat- 
ural eye, but when there are appearances of wolves, and 
other wild, fierce animals, these, most commonly are psy- 
chological creations of low gross spirits, of strong power of 
will, certain of whom are able to create these forms — 
phantasmal to them as to us — and endow them with the 
semblance of animation so that they shall be momentarily 
visible to persons who are clairvoyant, and to such only. 


Sometimes, however, spirits on liiglier planes tlian tliese, 
with a mechanical turn of mind, amuse themselves by con- 
structing and bringing to earth, and experimenting with 
spiritual images of wild or strange animals, or diminutive 
images of men and women, all tliese being provided with 
liexible joints like certain of our toys, and after partially 
materializmg them, as well as their own hands, they set 
them in motion, and to any person who sees them they 
appear to naturally and j)erfectly perform the functions of 
the animal, or other being they are intended to represent. 

On the first of Januar}^, 1^78, one of the Indian guides 
of the medium brought his horse and dog to the earth. 
A few days pre™us I had asked the question of my in- 
structors, whether spirit animals could be brought to the 
earth ? and they were unable to answer, and this visit was 
the result of an attempt on their part to practically settle 
the question. 

When the Indian who had been selected to make the ex- 
periment was read}^ he addressed some words to his horse, 
and told him that he desired to take him on a long jour- 
ney, and enjoined him to regard all he should say to him, 
then and while on the way. The animal indicated his 
appreciation of what had been told him by certain sounds, 
and the Indian mounted, and as easily as he trans23orts 
himself alone, he and his horse, the dog following, were 
transported to the earth. Other of my fiiends, beside my 
instructors, were interested in the results of the experi- 
ment, and were present, and accompanied the Indian on 
the trial excursion. After the arrival of the party the In- 
dian amused himself and them by riding to and fro on the 
street, in front of my dwelling, and while thus engaged he 
encountered a pah' of horses before a carriage, and the hor- 
ses clairvoyantly perceiving the si^irit horse, and dog, and 
Indian arrayed in his chief's costume, which he had assumed 


for the occasion, were terrified, endangering the safety 
of the driver and the occupants of the carriage, and to 
avert the threatened danger the Indian quickly turned 
into another street. Since then the horse and dog have 
been brought here several times, and my friends have 
learned that it is not uncommon for horses, dogs, and 
birds to be brought to earth. 


The Movements of Spirits. Their Return to Earth. Do Ancient 
Spirits, and Spirits from other Worlds visit the Earth ? 


" To soar in fearless freedom 

Through broad, blue, boundless skies, 
And catch the radiant gleaming 

Of love-lit angel eyes ; 
To feel the Father's presence 

Around me, near or far, 
And see His radiant glory 

Stretch onward star by star." 

Simply by tlieii' ^-olition, spii'its are able to transport 
tliemselves through space with amazing velocity. It is 
the same power, so circumscribed in this hfe, by the exer- 
cise of which we move our Hmbs, and dii^ect our steps. 
Good spirits, fi'ee from the limitations imposed by our 
physical bodies, and material surroundings, find them- 
selves still in possession of this power, increased in degTee, 
and with all impediments to its full and j)erfect exercise 
removed. This power seems to be exercised instinctive- 
ly by the new-bom spirit, when his consciousness and 
strenofth are not materially impaired. j\Ir. Owen told me 
that veiy soon after he had left his body he departed for 
the third heaven, under the gTiidance of his angel friends, 
and his movements through space were to him as easy and 
natural as if he had been accustomed to them. Never- 
theless, a distinct and positive exercise of vtdll-force is 


required to direct their movements, a merely passive in- 
clination to proceed to any point does not avail. The 
Sliced of their movements is also determined by their will. 

It is sometimes said, even by spirits through mediums, 
that time and space are unknown in spiiit-life. This is an 
error, for time and its divisions, as known to us, are equally 
regarded b}^ spirits in all the heavens, at least, below the 
sixteenth. They measure it as we do, by years, months, 
weeks, days, houi's, and minutes. The only diiference be- 
tween time here and there is, that there it apj)ears to pass 
more rapidly, a year apparently being comprised in a 
month of our time. In the sixteenth and higher heavens it 
is true that less regard is had to the divisions of time. As 
to space, their movements through it being so inconceivably 
rapid, this is comparatively annihilated, yet, when they note 
their movements they are conscious, not only of the lapse 
of time, but of the vast dimensions of space. Between the 
earth and first sphere, a distance of about five hundred and 
fifty miles, there is nothing but space, and they traverse 
this, almost mth the speed of lightning. 

Spirits in passing fi'om the heavens to the earth, and 
vice versa, are not guided by knowledge, the only faculty 
consciously exercised, being that of will, but in some mys- 
terious way their movements are so governed that they in- 
fallibly pursue the most direct course to the objective 
point. A spirit child of half-a-dozen years, of average in- 
telhgence and will-power, who has once been brought to 
earth and returned, can afterward pass to and fro with as 
much certainty, and security, as an adult who has been in 
the habit of frequently visiting us. 

Spirits, when approaching the earth, first perceive the 
clouds, if these exist, and from the time they leave the first 
S23here until the clouds become visible they see nothing, 
excepting other spirits who may be passing in the opposite 


direction. Of tliese, tliey p,'enerally meet large numbers, 
and instinctivelv avoid comin<»' into collision with them. 
"Wiien our atmosphere is unclouded they do not perceive 
the earth until quite neai* it, as their \ision can penetrate 
oiu' atmospliere only to a very limited extent. Even when 
they have descended below the regions of the clouds the 
scenery and objects on the earth are but very indistinctly 
perceived by them. 

AMien spirits a23j)roach the first sphere, from the earth, 
they perceive nothing until within a short distance of it, 
vs'hen it presents a nebulous appearance, which increases in 
density until it assumes the apj)earance of an interminable 
mass of overspreading sj^iritual substance. At certain 
points of this lower surface there are conca\ities, or arched 
vaults, furnished with horizontal projecting platforms, used 
as landing j^laces by spii'itsj and these terminate in vesti- 
bules, which lead, thi'ough gates, to broad halls, these 
merguig into ascending avenues, some of v^hich lead to the 
upper surface of the first, or Indian sj)here, while the ma- 
jority of these avenues terminate in the second sphere, and 
all spu'its inhabiting that sj^here are restricted to these. 

'\Mien, on earth, spirits desire to return to their homes, 
and at the same time exercise their will-power for that pur- 
j)ose, they immediately find themselves on their way, and 
in fi'om one to three minutes, the time varying with each 
spirit, they reach the j)roper entrance in the first sj)here. 
T\liat guides them du'ectly to this point, is, as my instruc- 
tors say, one of the many mysteries, mystery to them as to 
us, but, as before remarked, they never mistake their way 
nor fail to pursue the direct hue to their destination. 
"WTien they desu-e to come to earth they pass down the 
avenue, through the hall and gateway, out upon the land- 
ing place, and by the simple exercise of their will are im- 
pelled to any spot on earth which they may be disposed 


to visit, and it matters not whether they have ever before 
visited that locahty, their course, undetermined and unin- 
fluenced by them, is always the proper and most direct one 
to the objective point. 

But, 23erhaps the most amazing thing about all this is 
the entire absence of fear in taking the leap into the regions 
of space, below. God has provided against this, otherwise 
insuperable obstacle to their returning to earth, by divest- 
ing spirits, as a rule, of all sense of fear in taking this step. 
It is the same in respect to their movements in other direc- 
tions through space, they rarely experience fear or appre- 
hensions of their power failing them, their faith in an 
ever-present and omnipotent protecting Power generally 
being instinctive, and absolute. 

There are many of the avenues of communication, above 
described, extending through the basic substance of the 
first sphere, as well as through that of the higher heavens, 
and at points on a level with the upper surfaces of the dif- 
ferent heavens these avenues are intersected by others, of 
limited extent, branching off and opening into these 

At my suggestion, my father and Mr. Owen noted the 
exact time required by them to go from the earth to Mr. 
Owen's home, then in the fifth heaven, and it was within a 
second or two of two minutes, and it required half a minute 
more for my father to go from the fifth to his home in the 
seventh heaven. Some months subsequent to this they 
noted the time required to go from the seventh heaven to 
the city of Paris, where a sister of mine at that time 
resided, and it was nearly fifteen minutes, and to return 
twenty-eight minutes. The greater time required in re- 
turning was owing to their being fatigued by their exer- 
tions in going, and the necessary tax on their strength 
while there present. They learned from spirits, whose 


liomes were iu the fifteentli heaven, that it required nearly 
fifteen minutes for them to pass from the earth to their 
heaven, and vice versa. Indian spirits are able to travel to 
and fL'om the earth with greater speed than white spirits. 
In proceeding from the earth to their homes spirits are un- 
able to arrest their course until they reach the first sphere. 
It is the same in returning to earth, and in our atmosphere, 
but they are able to accelerate or diminish their speed. In 
their own heavens they are able to arrest their course at 
any moment in mid-air, and hover over any spot, but there 
they do not ordinarily transport themselves through the 
air, unless between distant points, preferring the means of 
locomotion that are familiar to us, namely, walking and 
riding, or di'iving, as they are rarely in haste, and best en- 
joy these means of moving from place to place. 

In traversing the space between the heavens and earth 
they experience no difficulty in their respiration, they 
breathe as easily and naturally at one period of their jour- 
ney as at another, but when they become fatigued here, 
they do not become restored in any degree until they have 
entered, at least, the first heaven. When they are present 
in oiu' public halls, chui'ches, or theatres on public occa- 
sions, they are not able, as is supposed by some, to remain 
suspended in the air. Should they come to a rest in mid- 
au" they would at once gravitate to the earth. They stand 
about the room, or platform, or occupy vacant seats, or sit 
on the backs of occupied seat's, and some of them perch 
themselves on the chandeliers, or projecting parts of the 
interior of the building, and I am assured by my instruc- 
tors that sometimes frolicsome sj^ii^its excite the mirth of 
other sj)irits by stepping from the heads of certain persons 
to those of others, and thus make their way from place to 
place, all of which is very undignffied, but cj^uite human, 
and therefore natural. 


When the higher spirits, while visiting the earth, desire 
to proceed to another and distant j)lace, on its surface, they 
do not proceed in a direct Hne through our atmosphere, 
but return to the first s}3here, and thence take a new de- 
parture for the desired locaHty, for the reason that travers- 
ing long distances in our atmosphere rapidly exhausts 
them, and even if they should accomphsh their journey 
they would be able to remain but a short time, being com- 
pelled to return, at least to the first sphere, to recruit their 
strength. In going short distances they proceed to the 
objective point either by following the most direct streets, 
or roads, or pursuing a direct coui^se through the atmos- 
phere, as they prefer. They can come, say to New York, 
and with the delay of a few minutes, not ordinarily more 
than five, can proceed direct, say to Boston, or Baltimore, 
but not to a locality much more distant, as their strength 
would be unequal to it. Of course there are certain spirits 
who are able to travel greater distances than these. The 
speed of their movements, also, is much less in our atmos- 
phere than in space. From any point on earth they are 
able to proceed in a direct line to any other place with 
which they are unacquainted, not more distant than either 
of the above-named cities, the same as when they depart 
directly from the heavens. 

Guardian spirits, being in close rapport with their wards, 
are always able to instantly be v^^ith them v/herever they 
may be, but with most other spirits it is different, for when 
these desire to visit earthly fiiends they are compelled to 
seek them as we would, either by visiting their homes, or 
places of resort, or by obtaining information of their where- 
abouts from their guardians, or other intimate spirit friends 
who may happen to have knowledge of them. "With these 
exceptions, and a few others, they have not the power to 
trace mortals from place to place, and without availing 


themselves of information in tlie ways mentioned they 
might fail in discovering their fiiends, even though they 
"were in their immediate vicinity. 

It is a mistake to suppose that in our movements from 
place to place we leave behind us a track or line of light, 
or magnetism, visible to ordinary spirits, and by means of 
which thev are able to trace us, but there are reasons for 
belie^'ing that we do leave behind us an invisible track of 
this natui'e, by means of which certain spirits who possess a 
faculty, perhaj^s something analogous to that of the hound, ' 
ai'e able to unerringly trace us in all our movements. We 
know that certain S2:)irits possess the power of tracing a 
person fi'om a lock of hair, or other object, which is im- 
bued with his magnetism, and with the Indians the in- 
stinctive faculty or sense upon which in earth-hfe they rely 
to track game and enemies through the forests, is more 
highly developed in spii'it-hfe, and this serves in a limited 
degree to render them there independent of extraneous 
helps, and they fi^equently are able, unaided, to trace their 
earthly friends to distant points. 

In the autumn of 1878 many Spiritualists were sorely 
puzzled to understand why it was that the mortal remains 
of Mr. A. T. Stewart could not be discovered, and their 
hiding j)lace revealed by spirits. Soon after they were 
stolen I had some conversation with my instructors on the 
subject, and they said they would visit Mr. Stewart's late 
residence and question his spiiit friends, some of whom, 
doubtless, they would meet there. Accordingly they 
visited the dwelling, and found many of the spirit fiiends 
of the family present, and conversed them, and their 
uniform reply to all cjuestions was that they were in abso- 
lute ignorance regarding the place of concealment of the 
remains, and equally ignorant regarding the perpetrators 
of the outrage, and they assured my friends that IVIr. Stew- 


art himself had no more knowledge of the matter than 
they had. 

The explanation given by my instructors, is this. Mr. 
Stewart, from the time his remains were deposited in the 
vault, ceased to bestow the least attention, or probably the 
slightest thought on them, nor did any of his spirit friends 
think of them, and it follows, that unless they had been 
informed of the contemplated outrage neither he nor they 
could have been present when the remains were abstracted, 
or have had any knowledge regarding them. Who the 
perpetrators were, was therefore only known by the per- 
petrators themselves, and their spirit friends ; the former 
of course guarded the secret from mortals, and the latter 
as jealously guarded it from other spirits, thus extending 
the a]3plication of the adage, that there is honor even 
among thieves. As to clairvoyant spirits, the majority of 
them are unable to perceive distant, concealed, inaninnate 
objects, unless they be furnished with clews by which to 
trace them. But no living human being can be thus 
secreted and the place of concealment remain unknown to 
its spirit friends for a single day. 

"When in June, 1879, aU New York was excited about 
the murder of Mrs. Hull, it was asked in at least two of 
the public journals, why do not the spirits furnish such 
information as would lead to the detection of the mur- 
derer? The reply is, the deed, unanticipated by her 
spirit friends, was perpetrated in the night, when most 
spirits, like mortals, seek repose in sleep, and therefore 
the ^probability of any of her spirit friends being present 
is extremely doubtful, and for the same reason it is doubt- 
ful whether any other spirits were present. If these rea- 
sons be sound her spirit friends possessed no clew by 
which to discover the murderer, and if they had no knowl- 
edge of the fact that, in comparatively rare instances, 


spirits are endowed with tlie faculty of tracing the authors 
of such deeds, as probably they had not, they then had no 
knowledge of the perpetrators of this deed, until they ac- 
quu'ed it fi'om their mortal friends. It should be borne in 
mind that clairvoyance among spirits, at least in the heavens 
of which we know anything, is as rare a gift as it is among 
mortals, and there, as here, the great majority are sceptical 
of the existence of powers which they themselves do not 

There are two routes by which spirits travel to and from 
the American and European heavens ; the first is through 
theii' OAvn atmosphere, and the second, by descending be- 
low, the first sphere and traversing the space above our 
atmosj)here. They direct their course towards the lowest 
spheres of the foreign heavens, which they enter, and after 
obtaining permission from the wardens proceed to the 
higher heavens, but none are here permitted to ^dsit heav- 
ens liigher than their own. In visiting these heavens it is the 
same as when they desire from their own heavens to visit 
certain locahties on earth, they require no knowledge of the 
course to be pursued, nor direction, nor guide, their desires 
and vohtion apparently being sufficient to insure their reach- 
ing the desired heaven by the most direct course. It is the 
same when they are in a distant heaven, and desire to return. 

T^lien spirits visit the earth in winter, in addition to 
their ordinary raiment they usually wear mantles, or heavy 
robes. These seem to serve to j)rotect them from the cold, 
as coiTespondiug garments do us. Excepting those spirits 
who have friends there, none visit the polar regions. They 
are as sensitive to cold as we are, and unless attracted by 
dear fiiends, whom they know precisely where to find, they 
never venture into those regions, and my instmctors doubt 
whether even those who have friends there, unless it be on 
rare occasions, ever visit them. They are inclined to the be- 


lief that gTiardian spirits, and the spirit friends of the natives 
of those regions, are the only exceptions to the above rule. 
The spirits of Sir John Franklin's company left their bodies, 
if the}'' died from freezing, before the latter were completely 
frozen, as spirits always do under similar circumstances, 
and immediately were attracted to their appropriate 
spheres, or heavens. The spirit, vdthout reflection, would 
instinctively be impelled to this step. If among the crew 
there were any so degraded as to be unfit, even for the 
second sphere, they would be immediately attracted to a 
more genial chmate on earth, and probably to their former 
homes or haunts. 

Spirits in any heaven cannot perceive the one above, not 
even when the}" approach it, as the communicating avenue 
does not admit of a view of it. 

The doctrine of vast magnetic currents flowing through 
space in various and contrary directions, and the necessity 
of spirits seeking and availing themselves of certain of these 
currents in order to traverse it, which has been taught by 
certain able writers, and by certain spirits, my instructors 
declare to be wholly without foundation. Spirits are able, 
at will, to proceed in any direction and in all directions 
with equal facility, provided, no obstacle, which to them is 
substantial, intervenes. 


" Not with sound of many thunders, 

Not with miracles and wonders, 
Would they herald forth their coming from the peaceful spirit-shore ; 

But in God's own love descending, 

With your aspirations blending, 
They would teach you of the future that you watch and weep no more." 

Spirits, with comparatively few exceptions, are not com- 
pelled to revisit the earth, and heretofore the majority of 


them Lave not returned, and the proportion of low and 
ignorant spirits who return exceeds that of the advanced 
and intelhgent, very many of the latter not knowing, or not 
believing that they have the power of returning, whereas 
the former either temporarily exist on the earth, or if in 
the second sj^here, are less removed in distance, and they 
ai'e more strongly attracted to it, and more commonly visit 
it; Also, some good spirits who believe in its possibihty 
are deterred from making the attempt, through fear, and 
the minds of certain of this class are impressed with this 
sense of fear by higher spirits, who desire, for their good, 
that they should not return. Thus, when we consider that 
the great majority of good spirits rest under no obligation 
to retui'n, that others are not attracted to earth, that many 
disbeheve in the possibility of returning, and that others 
are restrained by fear from making the attempt, it is not 
sui'prising that so many never return. Then again the 
aged man, or woman, whose companion has gone before, 
and whose children are grovni to man's and woman's estate, 
surely has ordinarily but slight motive for doing so. Men 
and women of middle age, who have experienced little but 
misery and disappointment here, and who are compelled 
to take on their former earthly conditions and feelings 
when they return, have even less inducement to revisit the 
earth. To these classes, so 'numerous, are to be added 
those who while yet young have died after much suf- 
fering, those who have suddenly died under agonizing 
circumstances, or while insane, the timid, the indolent, 
the indifferent, and we then have a majority of all who 
pass to the third and liigher heavens who never return to 

But the foregoing remarks more particularly apply to 
the past, for the proportion of those who do return is con- 
stantly increasing, owing to the dissemination among men 


of the knowledge of spiritual intercourse, and of more cor- 
rect views of tlie relations existing between tlie two worlds. 
And these increasing proportions of those who return are 
made up almost wholly of the better classes of spirits, 
many of whom become missionaries to earth's inhabitants. 
The rapidly increasing numbers of people who here have 
learned the lessons of spiiit intercourse, and the spiritual 
j^hilogophy, who are entering the spirit- v/orld, the majority 
of whom will again return as missionaries to earth, will ere 
long constitute a numerous and mighty army, animated 
with the single purpose of influencing and enlightening 
the minds of men, and spreading broadcast the knowledge 
of spiritual and moral truths, and rich harvests, through 
the blessings of God, will crown their labors, and the 
time is now not distant when error and ignorance will no 
longer sit enthroned, and be blindly worshipped and ab- 
jectly obeyed, 

Not only is it the case that the majority of good spirits 
in the past have not revisited the earth, but it is equally 
true that the majority of these at the present time have no 
more faith in their abihty to communicate with their mor- 
tal friends, through mediums, than the great majority of 
those friends have. The knowledge of intercourse between 
spirits and mortals has made even less progress in the 
heavens than on earth, but it is steadily extending there, 
as it is here, multitudes there, as here, being engaged in 
acquiring this knowledge. But restricted as this knowl- 
edge comparatively is, correct views in relation to this sub- 
ject have never before so extensively prevailed in either 

At one of our meetings Mr. Owen said that a few days 
previous he was in the company of about twenty intelligent 
spirits, of both sexes, in his own heaven, at that time the 
eighth, when he alluded to the intercourse of spirits with 


mortals, tlu'ougli mediums, and not one of those present 
had any knowledge of its possibility, nor could be made to 
beheve in it by all that Mr. Owen could say. Though well- 
bred persons, they yet could not suppress smiles of incre- 
duhty, mingled with pity, and one of their number apolo- 
gized to Mr. Owen, saA^ing that thev had not a doubt of his 
sincerity, they only thought there must be some mistake 
on his part. A few days after this he conversed with a 
gentleman of education and intelligence, also in his own 
heaven, who denied the possibility of this intercourse, and 
]\Ii'. Owen coidd not persuade him to accompany him to 
oui' medium and witness the fact itself, and yet this same 
spiiit told i\li-. Owen that above all things he would value 
the ]pri^ilege of communicating with his wife, yet in this 

]Mi'. Owen lectures once or twice every week to spirits in 
his own, and low^er heavens. He aims, chiefly, to teach 
them the important truth that they can return to earth, 
and do useful work in impressing the minds of mortals 
with noble thoughts, and prompting to virtuous acts, and 
thi'ough mediums, instill into the minds of their friends 
the tiiiths of Spiiituahsm. 



My spiritual instructors have encountered more difficul- 
ties in theii' efforts to solve the above questions than in 
obtaining satisfactory answers to most others, but they 
have definitely ascertained that w^hen spirits reach the 
thirtieth heaven they no longer are permitted to revisit 
the earth, and w^hen they reach the fortieth they are rarely 
permitted to descend below the thirty-second heaven. 


They regard this as the rule, and can learn of no authen- 
ticated excerptions to it, but admit that exceptions may 
occui', as in the cases of Moses and Elijah appearing to 
Jesus and the three disciples on the Mount, the former hav- 
ing then been dead about fifteen hundred years, and the 
latter about nine hundred. As to ancient spirits, like 
Jesus, Socrates, Plato, Paul, etc., visiting the earth in our 
day, while admitting its possibility, they declare their entire 
unbelief in such visits ever being made, nor do they beheve 
that either of those ancient spirits has revisited the earth 
since the first century or two after their original departure 
from it, having then advanced beyond all earthly desires, 
attractions, and influences. And not only do they disbelieve 
in any of these ancient spirits ever revisiting the earth, but 
it is their opinion that they rarely visit even the highest 
heavens directly associated with it. Charles Stevens, Mr. 
Owen's fiiend in the thirty-second heaven, reached that 
heaven, as nearly as he could remember, in about one hun- 
dred and fifty years, and he then was not permitted to de- 
scend below the fourth, and now having advanced to the 
fortieth he is not allowed to ^isit Mr. Owen in the eighth, 
and the latter learns from spirits from the intermediate 
heavens that he now is not permitted to descend below the 
thirty-second heaven, and all direct communication between 
him and Mr. Owen has ceased. 

As to the question of spirits from the sun, moon, and 
planets, in our solar system visiting our earth, my instinic- 
tors have learned that certain of these planets, together 
with the sun and moon, are inhabited by intelligent beings, 
in human form like ourselves, and that occasionally the 
latter visit the higher heavens of our earth, but are not per- 
mitted to visit the earth itself, nor the heavens below the 
thirty-second, and even if it were possible for them to visit 
the earth it would be impossible for them to intelligently 


communicate ^^'itll us, having uo knowledge of any earthly 
lano-nage. My instructors emphatically deny that the sun 
is a vast globe of lire. On the contrary they declare that 
its temperature does not exceed that of the earth, that it 
possesses a luminous atmos23here, unassociated with intense 
heat, and that its surface is diversified with land and water, 
the former covered mth vegetation of like nature with and 
superior to that of our earth, and that it is inhabited by 
human beings, of dilierent, races, and animals of various 
species, in numbers as greatly exceeding those of our earth 
as the dimensions of its surface exceed those of the latter. 
As to the moon, that portion of its surface presenting to 
the earth is not inhabited, while its opposite or remote 
hemisphere is inhabited by beings like ourselves. The 
planets which are regarded as inhabited, beyond doubt, are 
Jupiter, Mars, and Venus, and the others are believed to 
be inhabited. Regarding the ability of spirits in our 
heavens to ^isit other planets, and the sun, and moon, my 
instructors declare that all spirits in heavens above the 
thirtieth are at hberty, and possess the power, to do so. 
Whether still higher spirits are able to visit heavenly 
bodies beyond the boundaries of our solar system, they 
are unable to say, but it is theu* opinion that when spirits 
reach a certam point, not very distant in the course of 
theu" jDrogression, they attain this power. 


Guardian Spirits. Spirits on Different Planes Communicate. Dif- 
ficulties Attendant on Spiritual Intercourse. 


'' For He shall give his angels charge over thee to keep thee in all thy ways. They 
shall bear thee up in their hands lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.''' — Ps. xci. 
11, 12. 

Eyery mortal, above a certain age, has a spirit guardian 
whose duty it is to watch over and, to the extent of his or 
her power, to protect and guide his or her ward. These 
spmts are in the closest rapport with their wards, their 
magnetic spheres interblending, and they are able to hear 
and understand all they say, to read all their thoughts, and 
necessarily to perceive their intentions. They also are able 
to hear, vdth equal distinctness, the words of any person 
who may be conversing with their wards, while at the 
same time, it may be, they cannot, understand what is said 
by other persons in close proximity to them. Guardians 
are always of the same sex as their wards. They are usu- 
ally appointed for children when these arrive at the age of 
twelve years, but when the latter prematurely develop 
they sometimes have guardians assigned them a year or 
two before this period. Children, until gTiardians are ap- 
pointed for them, are not held accountable for their acts. 

Guardian spirits receive their appointment from the 
fifteenth heaven. Messengers are sent to notify them of 


the missions tliat liave been assigned tliem, and these are 
g-enenilly accepted cheerfully. The principal object to be 
attained by the appointment of guardian spirits is the good 
of theu' Avards, but in their selection the good of the guar- 
dians is also considered. Some are appointed so that in 
the performance of their necessary duties they shall find 
the means of theii* own progxession, the means of expiation 
for former sins, and of acquiring knowledge which they 
neglected, or otherwise failed to obtain here. Some are 
aj^pointed for the reason that being sensible of the benefit 
to be derived fi'om the discharge of the duties they request 
the appointment, and others still, are appointed at their 
OAvn request, as gTiardians of certain fiiends whom they 
desire to be near to guide, and direct, and influence for 
good, while still others are selected on account of their pe- 
cuhar fitness to -pio'pevlj and effectively influence certain 
mortals who, either are, or are intended to be instruments 
in the hands of the S23irit-w^orld for the accomphshment of 
important 23urposes. But in all the above enumerated 
cases suitabilit}' is always regarded, and finally determines 
the selection and appointment. 

Guardian spirits are intended to be our monitors, as well 
as gTiardians. Their duty is to imj^ress our minds, and by 
this means to instmct and guide us, to instill virtuous 
thoughts and resolves, inform us of our duty, and com- 
mend the performance of it, dissuade from evil ways, ad- 
monish us of our faults, reprove us when we go astray, and 
assist the development of special, and other talents, and 
the exercise of every gift. They possess the faculty of 
pre^dsion to the extent that by an effort of the mind they are 
generally able to foresee any immediate danger which may 
thi'eaten our interests, or the safety of our persons, and they 
endeavor to impress, and when our minds are not closed to 
theii' influence, often succeed in impressing us with a sense 


of impending danger, and sometimes of the precise cliarac- 
ter of it. It is cliiefly when we disregard these impressions 
that the danger is encountered. As the best intentioned 
efforts of guardians frequently thus fail in averting evil to 
their wards, so failure often attends their efforts to restrain 
the latter from the commission of wrong acts, and for this 
there are various reasons. In the first place, many guar- 
dians are not much more enlightened nor morally better 
than their wards ; in the second place, they sometimes are 
overpowered by obsessing spirits, and are unable to pre- 
vent the accomj^lishment of their purposes, and thirdly, 
the tendency of some persons to evil is so strong that the 
power of their guardians is insufficient to restrain them. 
It sometimes happens that either the gTiardian or ward 
progresses, or the latter retrogrades, so that their relations 
become changed, and the association is no longer beneficial 
to one, or both, the connection then is dissolved, and 
another guardian appointed. But under any circumstan- 
ces it is rarely the case that a spirit sustains the relations 
of guardian for a longer period than from ten to twenty 
years, and it follows, that during a long life a person must 
have a succession of guardians. The grade of the guardian 
spirit, when first appointed, is always somewhat higher 
than that of the ward, but frequently the difference in in- 
telligence, mental capacity, and moral status is slight. The 
majority of spirits are not guardians, the number of spirits, 
even in the lower heavens, exceeding that of mortals on 
corresponding planes. 

The affinity between guardian spirits and their wards is 
usually of a more intimate nature than between the latter 
and their other spirit friends, and the affection of a guar- 
dian for his ward is generally greater than that which most 
other spirit friends bear him. Guardians of the better 
class find happiness in the performance of their duties, as 


all do T^'lio labor for tlie good of others, and altliougli they 
encounter many obstacles, and have many trials and dis- 
appointments, yet they know that they are angels of mercy, 
and guides and protectors of blind and erring mortals who 
need their assistance, as they at one time needed and re- 
ceived that of others. 

"\Miile most other spirits in any considerable degi'ee ad- 
vanced are unable to remain with us, even during the most 
favorable weather, beyond an hour or so at a time, guardian 
spirits are able to remain for many hours without experi- 
encing discomfort. Also, their memory is not appreciably 
affected by earthly conditions. Guardians are also able 
with unerring certainty to direct their course toward their 
wards, wherever these may be, and not only this, but they 
are frequently cognizant while in theu' own sphere or 
heaven of the approach of danger to them, or of serious 
fears and a2Dprehensions which may agitate their minds, 
and instantly fly to their assistance. It is not to be' sup- 
posed that guardians are always present with their wards ; 
on the contrary they are absent much of the time, but as it is 
theu' duty to watch over them they devote whatever time 
may be necessary for this purpose. Guardians, at least of 
the better class, never shirk this duty, as their labor is one 
of love, and its performance, while benefiting their wards, 
elevates themselves. Faithful guardian spirits supply the 
places in relation to us that our x)arents did, or should 
have done in our childhood. For very many of the for- 
tunes that men make, and lose, they are indebted to their 
spuit g-uardians ; for the former when their guardians 
hax)pen to be shrewd and sagacious, for the latter when 
they are the reverse of this. 

There is one duty that is incumbent on guardians which 
has not been mentioned, and this is the most important of 
all : it is to carefully obsei^e the conduct of their wards, 


and note every good and every evil act committed, or con- 
templated, and each night this record of the previous day 
is reported to higher spirits, there being in certain of the 
lower heavens official buildings where these spirits, ap- 
pointed for this purpose, are present at certain hours to 
receive the reports of the guardians of the conduct of their 
wards, and these rej)orts are afterwards transmitted to 
higher heavens where a credit and debit account is kept 
of every person's conduct, by recording angels. Upon the 
death of every individual his record, thus obtained, is re- 
ferred to, and if his good deeds outnumber and outweigh 
his evil the entire record is effaced, and his sins are blotted 
out, but if on the contrary, his evil deeds outnumber and 
outweigh his good deeds he is condemned to expiate them 
thi'ough remorse and repentance. 

"Dark tales of many a ruthless deed ; 
The ruined maid — the shrine profaned — 
Oaths broken, and the threshold stain' d 
With blood of guests ! there written, All, 
Black as the damning drops that fall 
From the denouncing- angel's pen. 
Ere Mercy weeps them out again ! " — Moore. 

Silence is enjoined upon guardian spirits when in the 
presence of their wards, and even when in their own homes 
they are not permitted to converse about them. Yet there 
are exceptions to this rule, as when it is necessary to speak 
in protest against injury or injustice to their wards, or 
when any important interests of the latter are threatened. 
It is also the case, that the guardian spirits of the different 
members of a family are permitted to converse with each 
other about their respective wards, and although they are 
prohibited from communicating directly with the latter, - 
through mediums, yet the}' are frequently permitted to 


furnisli necessary information to tlie gtiides of mediums, 
in reply to test questions by their wards. It is through 
their agency that mental questions are most generally 
answered, as ordinary spirits are unable to do this. I will 
here say, that the peculiar gifts -wdth which guardian spirits 
are endowed are limited in their exercise to their respective 
wards ; in relation to other mortals these gifts are non- 

At our seances my instructors fi-equently have alluded to 
my guardian spirit as being then present, but not a word 
has he ever communicated to me directly, or indirectly, 
and in no instance has his opinion on any subject, no 
matter how interesting or important to me, ever been re- 
ferred to by them. They declare that not once in the 
man}^ hundi'ed times they have met him in my presence, 
has he and either of them exchanged a word in relation to 
me. AYhen they meet him in the heavens they are per- 
mitted to fi'eely converse with him, but not about anything 
relating to me. In the next life, persons who here have led 
proper Hves become accjuainted with the sjoirits who have 
been their gTiardians in this life, and frequently the ac- 
c^uaintanceship rij)ens into warm and enduring mutual 
attachment. IVIr. Owen, soon after he entered spirit-life, 
made the acc[uaiutance of his guardian spirit, and since 
then they have been intimate and dear friends. 

From what has here been said it follows, that if any 
spii'it should claim to be the guardian angel of any person, 
he would speak falsely, for this is one of the secrets which 
neither he nor other spirits would be permitted to divulge. 
The only spuits who are exempt from the operation of this 
prohibitory inile are the guides of developed mediums ; 
these, nearly always, being their guardians. Should any 
other guardian sj)irit divulge the secret of his gniardianship 
to a mortal the offence would immediately become known 


to higher powers, and he would be prohibited from again 
visiting the earth. Upon the entrance io the spirit-world 
of persons whose earthly lives have been miss]3ent it is 
most commonly the case that they are placed under the 
direction and control of their former guardians, or if it be 
that these are not sufficiently advanced, or otherwise quali- 
fied, then under others more competent, whose duty it is 
to impress their minds with vivid recollections of their past 
sins, picturing these to them in all their hideousness, so 
that they shall become odious and hateful to them, and 
thus, in time, lead to remorse and repentance. Upon these 
disciplining spirits is conferred the power of rendering 
themselves invisible to those under their care, but this 
power can only be exercised in relation to the latter. 

I am unable to obtain any evidence in confirmation of 
the traditional behef in guardian spirits for countries, cities, 


Spirits of various moral and intellectual grades and con- 
ditions retui'n to earth, and through accessible mediums 
commimicate with mortals, and their communications vary 
in character as they themselves do. In all ages it has been 
thus. Good and wise spirits commend and approve our 
good acts, and intentions, but never flatter our pride and 
vanity. When spirits eulogize our virtues and perfections, 
they should always be distrusted. No wise spirit will 
boast of his wisdom and knowledge, no good spirit of his 
purity and virtue. Wise and good spirits never counsel 
rashness, never sanction wrong. They always sustain the 
right, and inculcate truthfulness and virtue, charity and 
love. They never deal in denunciation, unless it be of a 
great wrong, and never expose a fault unless from a sense 


of duiy. They never assume eminent names, are never im- 
perious, vain, or ambitious of the applause of mortals. Their 
great purpose, their earnest desire, is to guide us into vir- 
tuous and peaceful paths, to lead us to entertain elevated 
and correct views, and be governed by pure motives, and 
any spirit that pursues a different course may justly be 
suspected, and his teachings should either be received with 
extreme caution or entirely rejected. The effects of their 
teachings are always purifying and elevating, never cor- 
rupting and degrading, and they can always be known by 

All spirits in the heavens above the third are incapable 
of deception, and knowing this no spirit there fever mis- 
trusts another. Deceptive, false spirits, are mostly either 
of the earthly or second sphere, but a few are fi'om the 
thii'd heaven, for although no spirits in this heaven, while 
there, will wilfully deceive, yet when they visit the earth, if 
they were formerly false, it frequently happens that in re- 
assuming earthly conditions their former tendency and 
inclination to deception seize them with a force which is 
irresistible, and then they will not only deceive mortals, 
should they communicate with them, but also other spirits 
whom thev mav there meet. Upon their return to their 
homes, in the third heaven, they reahze and deeply regret 
their conduct, and in time outgrow their infirmity, and 
until they do this they can never ascend to the fourth 
heaven, for none there are capable of deception under any 

The best rule by which to determine the moral status of 
a spirit is to weigh his utterances, and from the character 
of these to decide whether they conform to the standards 
of strict morahty and virtue, or fall short of these. The 
man who decides this question favorably, or adversely, only 
as the sp)irit may approve or condemn his sj)eculative views, 


and opinions, is not qualified to justly determine it. With 
s^^irits there is nothing more in a mere name than there is 
with us. If a spirit, while visiting the earth, and in the 
presence of another spirit with whom he were unacquainted, 
should allege that his name w^ere John Smith, or David 
Jones, the spirit to whom he should state this would have 
no other or better means than we to establish the truth or 
falsity of the assertion. Many active energetic spirits, with 
good intentions, but little wisdom, and even less prudence, 
attach themselves to certain mediumistic persons and in- 
fluence them to practically realize their own visionary ideas 
in this life, and many times the well meaning subjects of 
their guidance are led into serious trouble, perhaps suf- 
fering and misery, through their intemperate zeal and de- 
ficient knowledge. Through these means there have been 
as many martyrs to error and folly as to tnith. 

When mediums abuse and betray their trusts, some- 
times higher powers deprive them of their gifts, and even 
of their hves, and when the controlling spirits of mediums 
are faitliless to their duty it frequently happens that they 
are displaced. 


It is sometimes asked by Spirituahsts : How does it so 
frequently happen that our fiiends fail to fulfil their 
jDromises to communicate with us, after death ? 

There are various difficulties in the way of the fulfillment 
of their promises, among them the following. 

1. Although in a majority of instances spirits do re- 
member their promises, yet no certain rehance can be 
j)laced on their ability to do so. 

2. It may be that they cannot obtain access to good 


3. If they should be able to do this, the conditions may 
not be favorable to satisfactory communication. 

4. If they should be able to communicate satisfactorily 
through certain mediums it may be that the latter are un- 
kno^^Ti to their friends, and therefore it would be useless 
to attempt to communicate through them. 

5. Sometimes, modest; retiring spirits are prevented 
fi'om communicating through mediums by other selfish, 
and self-asserting spirits crowding them aside, and di- 
recting the proceedings to suit their own pleasure and 

6. AMiile, on one hand, the anxious state of mind of 
sj^iiits fi'equently interferes with and even prevents satis- 
factory communication, on the other the anxious and 
positive state of mind of the sitters perhaps quite as often 
is the great difficulty in the way. 

Then, as to others who seek intercourse with their de- 
parted fi'iends, perhaps those friends have never returned 
to earth, and are not aware of their presence being desired 
here, or if aware of this may not, for certain reasons, be 
disposed to comply with the requests of their friends. 
With regard to mediums, themselves, they rarely receive 
communications from theii' spirit friends, either through 
their o^^ii mediumship, or that of others, and the reason 
assigned by s^oirits for this, is, that the practice, if per- 
mitted, would tend to direct their attention to their ovvti 
feelings and the processes of impression, or control, and 
create an anxious and expectant state of mind which would 
seriously interfere with, and perhaj)s render impossible, 
that passive condition upon which their guides, to a great 
extent, depend for theii' success in producing correct mani- 

Most Spirituahsts, when they pass to the other side, are 
greatly disappointed to find how many and great are the 


difficulties in tlie way of free and satisfactory communica- 
tion with their mortal friends. Mr. Owen, in our conversa- 
tions, often referred to his own disappointments in this 
respect, and repeatedly said that were it not for the good 
he could accomplish by assisting' me in mj^-- work he would 
bid farewell to earth, and devote himself exclusively to re- 
searches and teaching in his own world. 

Perhaps, the most common cause of the erroneous repUes 
and teachings of spirits is their mistaking theu' opinions 
for knowledge. If one will look abroad among his ac- 
quaintances, intelligent though they may be, he will find 
that many of them constantly make this mistake. Such a 
person is asked : is such a thing so, or so, and the ready 
reply is, yes, or no, when perhaps he has no sj)ecial knowl- 
edge of the subject, but opinion is mistaken for knowledge, 
and this will be made manifest if the respondent be closely 
questioned, for it will then be found that his rej)ly is based 
entirely on opinion, or even impression. It is precisely 
the same with many spirits, as I have frequently observed. 
With this class of spirits there is the same desire to be 
regarded as wise above knowledge, as being capable of im- 
parting information on all subjects, and the same disin- 
chnation to be thought lacking in capacity and wisdom. 
Although immortal, they are yet human, Avith at least 
most, if not all of the weaknesses and failings of humanity. 

Another fact, which it is proper to here mention, is, that 
when spirits of dependent and relying natures are with us, 
in the presence of mediums, we are quite as able to influ- 
ence their opinions as they are to influence ours. 

Wise and good spirits are in possession of knowledge 
which they are prohibited from communicating to us. 
Paul, and other mediums hke him, have " heard unspeak- 
able words which it is not lawful for a man to utter," and 
there are spiritual things which our language is inadequate 


to describe, or express. The prohibited knowledge, my 
instructors inform me, is not of a nature to justify dis- 
agTeeable apprehensions ; we are simply, yet, unprepared 
to receive it. The prohibition proceeds from spirits in 

The barriers between the two worlds, ordinarily, and for 
practical purposes, are nearly as impassable to spirits as to 
mortals, and to many sj)irits it is as difficult to penetrate 
the material life as it is for us to penetrate the spiritual, 
and even the comparatively few spirits who succeed in their 
endeavors encomiter difficulties which we constantly fail to 
reahze. There is no direct highway of communication for 
all between the two worlds, and the means of intercourse 
are generally imperfect, and variable. All investigators 
should understand this, and all candid minds should make 
allowance for it. 


The Philosophy of Spirit-Intercourse. The Memory and Knowl- 
edge of Spirits, 


When a spirit controls a medium lie does not personally 
enter the body of the latter, and dispossess his sj^irit, any 
more than a mesmerizer enters the body of his sensitive, 
or subject. The methods pursued and the relative posi- 
tions of the respective parties in both cases are similar, 
and the power or force exercised in the accomplishment 
of their objects is the same, namely, Avill-power. 

When addressing audiences, through mediums, spirits at 
first usually place one or both hands on the mediums' heads, 
and with some, and especially with those who are unaccus- 
tomed to control, it is necessary to retain them in that po- 
sition while siDeaking, but when mediums are thoroughly 
controlled by spirits who are accustomed to controlling, 
there is no necessity for this, nor for personal contact with 
their mediums in any way. Here all the movements of the 
body and hmbs of the medium correspond to and are but 
the reflected movements of those of the body and limbs of 
the spirit, and are simultaneous with the movements of the 
latter, no appreciable instants of time elapsing between 
those of spirit and medium. This includes every inclina- 
tion and movement of the head, every gestiu'e, attitude, 
and every step taken. A^H.ien addressing an audience, 


under tliese circumstances, tlie rapport of the spirit 
speaker mtli the medium is so intimate that he perceives 
each person in it, and hears what may be said as distinctly 
as if he were personally present in the flesh, and like other 
speakers he is aided and strengthened m power by an ap- 
preciative and s^Tinpathetic audience. Li acquiring and 
holding control of mediums, spirits most commonly re- 
quii*e the assistance of other spirits. This assistance is 
rendered by unitedly and steadily projecting then' mag- 
netism, or ^ill-force, upon both the spirit-speaker and the 
medium ; principally upon the former. 

Although with trance mediums their controlling spirits 
generally, perhaps always, give utterance to the language 
of their discourse, yet their exact words do not necessarily 
find expression thi'ough the h^^s of the former, it being 
more commonly the case that only the ideas which the 
words convev to the minds of the mediums, and which are 
thereupon impressed, are transmitted, more or less cor- 
rectly — sometimes very incorrectly — to the audience in the 
language of the mediums, this language, owing to a cer- 
tain exaltation of the mental faculties, generally being 
superior to that which ordinarily characterizes them. Thus 
spirits in impressing the minds of this class of mediums 
labor under the difficulty of ha\TJig their ideas mingled 
and confused with those of the mediums, and it frequently 
results in the ideas expressed through the lips of the latter 
being quite different from their o^ti. This mostly arises 
fi'om imperfect control, the medium very rarely being con- 
trolled so absolutely and perfectly that the functions of 
his mind are comj)letely suspended. In the above princi- 
pal sources of difficulty lies the exj)lanation of the many 
inconsistencies and errors which have marred the other- 
wise eloquent and instructive addresses of some of our 
trance speakers. 

150 MR. Owen's experience. 

Another difficulty sometimes experienced by spirits in 
addressing audiences, through trance mediums, is one 
mentioned to me by Mr. Owen. A short time after he 
had dehvered his address in Brooklyn, in August, 1877, 
through the mediumship of Mrs. C. V. L. Richmond, he in- 
formed me that while speaking on that occasion the minds 
of the spirits around him, who with himself formed a 
circle of considerable power, and who were there for the 
purpose of aiding him in the delivery of his discourse, 
were so intent upon the subject, and the rapport between 
the minds of the other sj)irits, his own, and that of the 
medium was so intimate that frequently when he paused 
their ideas found expression through the lips of the me- 
dium, and thus, portions of the address, as delivered, really 
did not originate with him. In addition to this the ideas 
of the medium, at times, were mingled with, and even sub- 
stituted, though unintentionally, for his own. 

The majority of spirits who address audiences through 
inspirational or trance mediums read their addresses from 
spiritual manuscript, not being able to rely on their 
memory while on the earthty plane, either for ideas or 
words. The spirit speaker usually takes a position directly 
behind the medium, and then is brought into rapport 
with him, or her, partly through his own efforts, and partly 
through those of other spirits present, who form a circle, 
and project their magnetism, or will-force, as before said, 
on both the spirit speaker and medium. When the line 
of communication between the two worlds is thus estab- 
hshed, the former reads, audibly and distinctly, from his 
manuscript, (audible to spirits,) and either his words are 
repeated, or his ideas expressed in different language by 
the lips of the medium. It is by this means that addresses 
like certain of those of Thomas Gales Forster, abounding 
in statistical and historical facts, with exact and multiplied 


data, or extended quotations from authors, are successfully 
delivered. When spirits influence mediums, such as we 
beheve Shakspeare, Sir Walter Scott, and Charles Dickens 
to have been, to TNTite plays, and novels, they thus psychol- 
ogize and assume control of their minds, and impress 
them vi-ith the words of the pla}^, or novel, which has pre- 
viously been composed by these, or other spirits, and by 
them committed to writing. All that remains for the re- 
puted author to do is in turn to commit the ideas he re- 
ceives to writing, or dictate them to an amanuensis. 

"SVhere there is unusual difficulty in spirits communicat- 
ing through mediums, their power, irrespective of the 
form of mediumship, rapidly becomes exhausted, and fre- 
cjuently they are compelled to make a hasty retreat to their 
homes in order to recuperate their strength, and with all 
but the most experienced, it is an exhausting labor, and 
soon the mind becomes weary and confused. The periods 
of time during which s^Dirits are able to continue these 
employments vary with different spirits, and not only this, 
but the abihty of each spirit varies in respect to different 
mediums, and the same spirit that could comfortably re- 
main one hour with a circle, if he were not thus engaged, 
might not be able to remain one half that time, if he were. 

Few spirits are able to command the perfect exercise of 
theii' mental faculties in our atmosphere, even in the most 
favorable weather, and when the weather is unfavorable it 
not only renders the majority of them uncomfortable, but 
they find difficulty in conversing with each other, and their 
power to do so soon becomes exhausted. In decidedly tem- 
X^estuous weather it is only guardians, and the very lowest 
spirits, and a few others that are able to remain on earth 
beyond very brief periods of time, and comparatively, few 
good spirits other than guardians visit the earth during the 
prevalence of such weather. The rapid exhaustion attendant 


upon mental labor in warm weather, wliicli we ourselves 
commonly experience, is as mucli of tlie spiritual as of the 
l^hjsical organism, for disembodied spirits are even more 
depressed by a heated atmosjohere than we are. 

Eesearches in physical science can, generally, be pursued 
much better here than from the spirit side of life, and thus 
it is that addresses through mediums by sj)irit scientists 
are but too often, in point of clearness and accuracy of 
statement, inferior to the former lectures and writings of 
the same spirits when in the flesh, and this, even when the 
difficulties of conveying the exact ideas of the spirit speaker 
are reduced to a minimum. Such lectures through mediums 
have no merit above that of the lectures daily delivered by 
our competent scientists. The majority of scientists when 
they pass ti-'om earth leave much of their interest in science 
as well as much of their knowledge of it, behind them. 
As to questions of health and disease, causes and nature 
of malaria, the origin of worlds, of species, and hfe, the 
laws of nature, the nature of electricity and magnetism, of 
Hght and sound, and the subjects of physiology, chemistry, 
and other branches of science and philosophy, the opinions 
of the majority of spirits regarding them are of little value, 
and for the most part their learned disquisitions on these 
subjects are either the identical opinions which are j)i'eva- 
lent with us, or theories and speculations of their own, the 
weakness and errors of which are often transparent to 
mortals, as they probably are to most intelligent spirits. 

The fact is, the majority of spirits who discourse to us 
on such subjects derive their ideas, ]Drincipally, fi'om spir- 
itual copies of our books, and journals, in which these sub- 
jects are treated, not a book of any importance and value 
being j^ubhshed here which is not republished there, and 
copies are within the reach of all spuits, even in the third 
heaven, and many of our pubhcations are extensively read 


in that life. Thus we can account for the fact, which has 
been noticed by all observing Spiritualists, that frequently 
soon after important discoveries in science and art have 
been announced through books, or the public journals, 
these discoveries have been either alluded tx), or discussed, 
in the discourses of our inspirational speakers. The spirits 
who sj)eak through these mediums most commonly obtain 
their information from spiritual copies of these publications. 
The majority of spirits who descant upon these topics, 
never possessed any profound knowledge of them while 
here, and have had no 02:>portunities, superior to ours, of 
increasing their knowledge on the other side. The physi- 
cal sciences relate exclusively to the material world, and 
not to the spiritual, and as spiritual things are only spirit- 
ually discerned, so material things are, with comparatively 
few exceptions, best discerned materially. From what I 
can learn I am compelled to believe that even the highest 
spirits, that communicate directly with mortals, have as 
Httle knowledge of such questions as the origin of the 
w^orld, and of life, the nature of magnetism and light, etc., 
as we have. 

And vet, after all that can be said of the deficiencies of 
the majority of those spirits w4io assume to instruct us 
through mediums, upon scientific subjects, it still remains 
that there are spiiits qualified to instruct us upon certain 
of these subjects, and who most commonly do so by im- 
pressing the minds of peculiar individuals w^ho unite in 
their own persons the scientist and the medium, and the 
world is thus indebted, at least in part, to scientific spirits 
for the electric telegraph, the telej)hone, microphone, and 
latest of all, for the apphcation of electricity to illuminating 
pui-poses. My instructors, who at my request at various 
times \isited IMr. Edison, at his laboratorv, assured me 
that not wilh'^'^an ding his extraordinary natural talent for 


invention, he is greatly indebted to tlie assistance of scienti- 
fic spirits for his success, and upon each of their visits they 
found him surrounded with spirits of this class. 

Ordinarily, spirits are unable from their heavenly homes 
to influence their mortal friends, or others, but my spirit 
instructors find abundant evidence that certain spirits, 
higher than themselves, do possess this power, and exercise 
it, not only in relation to us, but to them. As a rule, the 
thoughts of their friends on earth concerning them do not 
reach sj)irits in their homes, but sometimes when they have 
passed away suddenly and under peculiarly distressing cir- 
cumstances, and where their departui^e has been deeply 
lamented, and also in certain other cases where earthly 
friends deeply grieve for them, the mournful thoughts and 
sad regrets of the latter reach them and draw them irresis- 
tibly to earth. But it appears that when these spirits have 
passed beyond the third heaven they are no longer sensible 
to such influences. Also, spirits on low planes sometimes 
are unable to resist the summonses of mortals, even when 
compliance with their demands is displeasing to them. 
With certain of these spirits the desires of their friends and 
others, here, concerning them, whether of an agreeable or 
disagreeable nature, seem in some mysterious way to reach 
them, and they are correspondingly affected by them. 
Guardian spirits also must be included among those who 
are influenced by mortals, for with some it matters not at 
what distance they may be from their wards, they instantly 
become cognizant of anxious feelings or apprehensions of 
danger on the j)art of the latter, as they also are of any 
real danger that may threaten them. But it is only the 
majority of guardians, and certain individuals of the two 
former classes, that are thus subject to mortal influences, 
for our thoughts of other spirits, even when continuous, 


and intense, rarelv or never reach them in their homes. 


Swedenborg, in liis H. and II., ^ 494, says : "When any 
one there (in heaven), thmks intensely of another, and is 
impressed in his mind and memory with his hkeness, and 
certain particulars of his hfe, having at the same time a 
strong desire to see him, the person so tliought of becomes 
immediately present to him, as if sent to him." 

We here believe Swedenborg to be in error, for disem- 
bodied spirits, although no longer mortal, are yet in all 
respects human, and consequently there must be moments, 
perhaps seasons, when j^rivac}" is desirable, and even neces- 
sarv, when thev are disinchned to meet even their friends, 
much less to be arbitrarily and unexj)ectedly summoned to 
the presence, perhaps of strangers, in whom they feel no 
interest, and whom possibly they may wish to avoid, for 
spirits, though not absolutely rej)elled by the presence of 
anv in their o\ni heavens, are attracted to certain others 
vdth whom they prefer to associate, and in whose society 
they are hapj^iest. If it were as represented by Sweden- 
borg spirits in the higher heavens would, at least to a cer- 
tain extent, be subject to the whims and caprices of each 
other, and would not enjoy that sense of personal indepen- 
dence and freedom, which, provided they still are human, 
must be as highly prized by them as by us. My spirit 
instinictors all deny the correctness of this statement of 

Thoughts are not more tangible or comprehensible to 
spirits than to mortals. So far as they know they have no 
existence as entities. May it not be that they are forms of 
spiritual force, determined by the modes of action of the 
functional processes of the mind ? Spirits ordinarily are 
unable to read each other's thoughts. They have their 
secret, or at least private thoughts, as well as we mortals. 
What we ordinarily term, reading the mind, is with the ma- 
jority of them, as with us, more of an impression received, 


or a feeling, than a clear and distinct perception. Our 
guardians, and a very few other spirits, perhaps more ad- 
vanced than they, are able to read our minds readily, and 
accurately, and mind readers with us are mediums whom 
such spirits impress mth the thoughts of others, whose 
minds the}^ are able to read. But although our guardian 
spirits and certain others as just stated, are able to read 
the thoughts at the moment existing in our minds, yet this 
is the hmit of their j)ower, for they are not able to perceive 
past thoughts nor the knowledge with which our minds 
are furnished exceptmg as they j^erceive it by careful obser- 
vation or association as we inform ourselves of the qualifi- 
cations of each other. Our memory is a sealed volume to 
all disembodied spiiits. 


" Each fainter trace that memorj' holds, 
So darkly, of departed years, 
In one broad glance the soul beholds, 
And all that was at once appears." — Byron. 

" Thou shalt forget thy misery and remember it as waters that pass away, and 
thine age shall be clearer than the noonday ; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as 
the morning." — Job xi. 16, 17. 

While disembodied spirits possess certain powers with 
which they are not generally credited, they have by us 
been invested with other powers which they do not pos- 
sess. It is supposed by some, that they perceive all the 
23ast, the present, and the future, and have knowledge of 
all things. This is an error, for few possess the faculty of 
divining the future, few indeed have the means of knowing 
all that is transpiring in the present, either here, or in the 
spirit-world, and of the past, very few have little more 
knowledge than we have, and so far as it rela-tes to their 


o\Mi earthly lives tlieir memory, as a rule, is far less re- 
liable than that of the friends from whom they have parted. 
As a general truth or proposition, it may be said that we 
pass into the next life imchanged, except the loss of the 
earthly body, but we must qualify this by saying that while 
the sj^iritual senses and the intellectual faculties generally 
are exalted, the faculty of memory, as just stated, in so far 
as it relates to earthly events and circumstances, is with 
most persons greatly impaired, and even this imperfect re- 
membrance of the things of this life steadily fades from our 
minds, the realities of that hfe gradually obliterating the 
remembrance of former things. The memory of spirits 
who 2^ass over in j^outh or middle age as to the circum- 
stances of theii* earth-life is generally much better than 
that of spirits who die in old age. 

It follows, that most spirits upon their entrance, to spirit 
life do not experience a distinct remembrance of all or 
even the greater number of the acts and circumstances of 
theii' past hves. Those who have led immoral lives have 
their misdeeds thus miiTored to their minds T^ith fearful 
clearness and force, but the good and true have no such 
haiTowing exj^eriences. With them only the memory of 
the good they have done abides with them, the modicum 
of evil they may have wrought is buried in their graves. P-^^*""^^ 

xAJthouGfh it is reasonable to believe that every act of our -^/^^^ 
lives, and everything that has come under our observation, -*^ 
or within our experience, has made its stamp upon the 
memory, and although it is probable that if the proper 
conditions were provided the recollection of any act or cir- 
cumstance, which has made its impression, would again be 
fully or partially revived, there is yet no reason why the 
remembrance of all these things should be active in the 
next life. The lessons which most of them furnish have 
already been learned, and it is probable that all the beiie- 



fits wliicli could accrue from the perfect remembrance of 
tliem would result from the recollection of such things only, 
as is excited by future experiences, and which can assist 
our judgment, and tend to perfect our knowledge. 

These remarks apply to the great majority of spirits of 
every grade and class. The vivid recollections of former 
misdeeds which sooner or later haunt the imaginations of 
guilty si)irits, and which are with them the efficient means 
of reformation, are mostly dependent on the agency of 
higher spirits, generally their former guardians. Multi- 
tudes of low spirits now exist whose remembrance of the 
events and circumstances of their earth-lives is shadow}^ 
and vague. These are still unrepentant, but when the 
time comes that their minds can be imjoressed, their 
guardians, whose remembrance of their transgressions, 
and theirs only, is clear and distinct, will arouse them 
from their torpidity and indifference, and quicken their 
memories, galvanize as it were their minds into activity, 
compel self-examination, which will induce feelings of re- 
morse, to be followed by repentance and reformation, but 
a moment s reflection will convince us that when this pur- 
pose is accomplished no possible good can accrue from the 
further and constant remembrance of deeds, for which 
atonement has been made, but on the contrary, no place 
nor condition could be heaven where a distinct remem- 
brance of them were possible. 

We do not carry with us to the next life the full and 
perfect memory of all the acts and circumstances of our 
earth-life, but we do carry with us and avail ourselves of 
the accumulated fruits of our entire earthly experience. 
Good spirits become more and more mdifferent to these 
events and circumstances, and the remembrance of them, 
if this has existed in any considerable degree, fades as 
their interest in them declines. Among themselves they 

MR. owen'g memory. 159 

rarely have occasion to refer to the dates of the events of their 
eai"th-hfe, and not very freqnently to the events themselves, 
and even if they should at lirst remember them they soon 
forget them, and hence, when they return and attempt 
to communicate with their friends here through mediums, 
and reply to test questions, they are liable to fi'equent mis- 
takes. I\Ir. Owen informed me that for the first few days, 
perhaps a week, after he entered spirit-life, though actively 
ahve to everything there, he- had no distinct remembrance 
of the friends, events, localities, etc., of the hfe he had just 
left, but after the expiration of that period of time it 
gradually revived, and became quite distinct, but then, 
live months afterwards, his memory of earthly things was 
again steadily fading, and were it not for his frequent 
visits to earth it would by that time have been entirely 
unreliable. When spirits are constantly attracted to earth 
their memory of the events and circumstances of their 
eai*thiy existence, of persons with whom they were simply 
acquainted, localities, etc., is much better than it other- 
wise would be. Mr. Owen also at one time informed me 
that a few days before he had conversed with a spirit who 
had been in that life but three years, and who during that 
time had not visited the earth, and he assured him that he 
had forgotten nearly everything pertaining to his earth- 
Hfe, and he did not regret it. Mr. Owen thought he had 
been unha2Dj)y here, and his desire to banish all thoughts 
of his former life had hastened the failure of his memory 
in regard to these things. 

Many a statesman, general, philosopher, author, poet, 
artist, and architect, whose deeds and w^orks have outlived 
him, remembers far less of his achievements than is known 
by the present generation of scholars, who have acquired a 
knowledge of them from the books in which they are re- 
corded. The builders of the colossal temples of Thebes, 


tlie rock temjjles of Lidia, and tlie Parthenon "at Athens, 
probably remember these monuments of then" skill and 
industry only by name, while even Michael Angelo, and 
Sir Christopher Wren, in modern times, have respectively 
but an indistinct remembrance of St. Peter's at Rome, and 
St. Paul's in London. 

Nevertheless, it is true that certain spirits do retain a 
distinct remembrance of the events and circumstances of 
their earth-life for a limited period of time, but in all 
cases this gradually fails, but all true knowledge of spirit- 
ual things acquired here, is retained perfectly, and is of 
inestimable value to us there. 

The memory of spirits is generally as defective in regard 
to things here, when they return to their homes, as it is in 
relation to things there, when they visit us. When they 
approach the earth their organisms, throughout, including 
their brains, invariably become in degree materialized, and 
their minds generally are rendered less active and clear, and 
their memory becomes impaired under these changed condi- 
tions. Then, when they leave our atmosphere they throw 
off the material elements with which they have been j)er- 
meated, and with these the remembrance of what they have 
here said, heard, and witnessed, frequently passes away. 
One would suppose, in view of this fact, that when they re- 
turn to earth the remembrance of what they have said, done, 
or witnessed, on a previous visit, would return in full force, 
but it appears to be otherwise. This difnculty is less with 
those spirits who frequently visit the earth, but I have 
found none whose memory, while here, is not in some de- 
gree, and on some points, impaired. 

Spirits, when they meet us in seances, notwithstanding 
they may have previously, in their own homes, considered 
what they intended to say, very often find themselves in a 
position like that of the school boy who has carefully studied 


liis lessou, and mastered it perfectly, yet, wlien called to re- 
cite before his class is unable to recall a sentence, perhaps 
even a word, and like the school bo}'^ with his lesson, when 
they have returned to their homes perhaps every word and 
idea recur to their minds with provoking distinctness. I 
ha^e always found the memory of my spirit advisers ex- 
tremel}' defective in relation to what transpired at previous 
seances, and this was a subject of almost constant regret, 
sometimes of annoj^ance, until it occurred to me to suggest 
to them to take notes of whatever they desired to remem- 
ber, and refer to them in their own homes, as also here in 
subsequent seances. They ado^oted the suggestion, and 
since then, now nearly two years, there has been no trouble 
fi'om that cause, and they frequently will request a mo- 
ment's delay while referring to notes taken in previous 
seances, and when found will read them to me in the same 
phraseology in which I have them recorded. And they not 
only take notes during our seances, but note down in their 
OT\Ti homes whatever they desire to remember when here. 
Before they adopted this j)ractice they frequently forgot to 
tell me what, before they left their homes, they desired to 
sa}^ and I have repeatedly known them to return in a few 
minutes after the close of a seance, and again control the 
medium to tell me of something which was the main object 
of their original visit, and the remembrance of which had 
Avholly faded ii'om all their minds upon apj)roaching the 
earth, but which was revived as soon as they reached the 
first sphere, on their return. 

Another incident, illustrative of the unreliability of the 
memory of spirits when visiting the earth, I will here re- 
late. At a certain seance I had asked my spirit father to 
endeavor to ascertain the circumstances of a relative, whom 
I had reason to beheve to be somewhat embarrassed finan- 
cially, and when I next met him I inquired whether he had 


obtained any information on this point. His reply was, " No, 
my son, I have not yet attended to that matter." Then, 
after a moment's pause, he continued : " Why, yes, certain- 
ly, both your mother and sister D (in spirit life) have 

visited S , and they told me she w^as not in any degree 

embarrassed." This information was afterwards conlirmed. 
In no respect is the memory of sj)irits, when with us, so 
manifestly unreliable as it is in recalling the proper names 
of their mortal friends, and the reasons they assign for this 
are, first, the imperfection of their memory upon all sub- 
jects when in our atmosphere ; secondly, that not being 
accustomed to associate ideas of their earthly friends with 
their names to the extent that we do, these names with 
them, soon lose their significance ; and thirdly, that there 
is a peculiar difficulty in recalling proper names of persons, 
dej)endent upon a certain positive, psychological quality, 
which seems to be imparted to these names by their repre- 
sentative character. Why this should be so we are unable 
to explain, but all investigators who have had any consid- 
erable experience in intercourse with spirits are convinced 
of the fact itself. In the early stages of my intercourse 
with them I was surprised to find how very defective their 
memory sometimes was in this respect, for, while conver- 
sing with them freely about certain mutual friends on 
earth the names of these friends would occasionally escape 
their memory, and it would be necessary for me to repeat 
them, but I generally found it necessary to only give them 
the least direct hint of the names for them to recollect 
them. This difficulty how^ever does not always exist, for 
it is more frequently the case that they refer to friends 
directly by name, but they say that if it does not present 
itself readily to their minds their anxiety to recollect it is 
certain to eftectually banish it for a time, at least, when, 
perhaps, it will spontaneously recur to them. 


Even parents who have recently entered spirit-life some- 
times encounter this difficulty when, through mediums, 
the question is suddenly propounded to them, What are 
the names of your children ? and they are unable upon the 
instant to recollect them, and although they may, after a 
brief delay, correctly give all the names but one, this they 
may lind it impossible to give, and then the chagrin and 
disappointment caused by their failure are frequently so 
great as to induce actual mental suffering, for they well 
know and feel the distrust of their identity which their fail- 
ure on this ]Doint has caused. 

This fi'equent inability of spirits to recollect names of 
persons is not by any means peculiar to them, for many of 
us in this life are faulty in this respect, though existing 
constantly under the same conditions, and it is but reason- 
able to suppose that under the wholly changed conditions 
of another existence we will experience still greater diffi- 
culty in this respect. Dr. Ab'ercrombie, m his Inquiries 
Concerning the Intellectual Poivers, relates a number of re- 
markable instances of this peculiar form of defective memo- 
ry. "One of the most common" (examples,) he says, "is 
the loss of the memor}^ of words and names, while the 
patient retains a correct idea of things and persons. The 
late Dr. Gregory used to mention a lady, who after an apo- 
plectic attack recovered correctly her idea of things, but 
could not name them." He adds, "A gentleman whom I 
attended, some years ago, after recovering from an apo- 
plectic attack knew his friends perfectly, but could not 
name them," and he says, that "a young lady who wr.s 
present at a late catastrophe in Scotland, in which many 
people lost their hves by the fall of the gallery of a church, 
escaped mthout any injury but with the complete loss of 
the recollection of any of the circumstances." 

It is said of the late Sir Henry Holland, that when weary 



from physical labor lie forgot every word of German, but 
the remembrance of it returned when strength was re- 
stored. In the above instances, changed conditions deter- 
mined the character of the memory. 

Spirits who are best able to. remember earthly events 
and circumstances are generally, as before remarked, those 
who have recently, and easily and naturally passed from 
earth, while young, or in the prime of life. The aged man, 
through death, regains his youth, and every thought and 
feeling are in harmony with his new condition, and neces- 
sarily inharmonious with the thoughts and feelings which 
were associated with his advanced age in earth-life, and 
hence, his remembrance of the scenes and circumstances 
of his 2)revious life should be and actually is less distinct 
than that of those who have passed away at an earher age. 

The human sj)irit upon the death of its physical body 
enters upon a new and widely different state of existence. 
The former conditions and circumstances of existence, to- 
gether with the old associations, no longer sustain any 
direct relations to it, and though individuality remains the 
personality is greatly changed, and the spirit, as it becomes 
accustomed to its new life, acc^uires new ideas, new habits 
of thought, new associations, and new enjoyments, and in 
time becomes so completely identified with its new life that 
it no lono'er has a thou2;ht which su<]f<]fests the recollection 
of the acts and circumstances of its former earthly exist- 
ence, and these necessarily fade from the memory, and are 
either incapable of being recalled, or at best but faintly re- 
collected. The change is greater than that from childhood 
to mature age, and when we consider how few, compara- 
tively, are the events and circumstances of our earliest 
years that we can recollect, we are able to imperfectly real- 
ize how difficult it must be for disembodied spirits to re- 
call, in memory, the innumerable events of their earthly 


lives, in Avliieh perhaps, the}" have long since ceased to take 
anv interest. 

This imperfection of the memory of most spirits in rela- 
tion to the circumstances and events of their earthly exist- 
ence, seems to be unfortunate when we regard it only in 
relation to sjDirit intercourse, as it is the great stumbling 
block to unbelievers, and vexatious to believers, but when 
we view it in relation to sj^irits themselves we perceive 
that it is a wise and beneficetit provision of the Creator, 
to protect them against the evils that would flow from the 
perfect remembrance of the acts and circumstances of their 
earthly hves, for with many spirits, if their memory of 
these things were clear and distinct, their constant self- 
accusation and useless regrets would render their heaven 
to them a hell, and not only this, but were a parent, a 
mother for instance, in spirit-hfe, to carry with her from 
her fi'equent visits to earth the perfect remembrance of the 
misery of a dear child, she would j&nd no consolation in 
heaven, for its joy, and harmony, and beauty would be 
viewed by her only m contrast with the sufferings of the 
cherished one on earth, and it would be impossible for her 
losing and sympathetic nature to exult in her own superior 
state, while her mind were agonized with the pictures of 
real misery which, perhaps, she would be helpless to alle- 
viate. Fortunately, God in his wisdom has provided other- 

We take with us to the next life all substantial knowledge, 
all knowledge of principles, all the essential knowledge we 
have acquired here, but our remembrance of non-essentials 
and minor details is most commonly shadowy and imper- 
fect. Thus an experienced chemist upon entering spirit- 
hfe, while distinctly remembering the principles and funda- 
mental laws of organic and inorganic chemistry, might find 


it impossible to reply to many questions wliich might be 
propounded in relation to the exact constitution of certain 
bodies, the compounds which may be formed by the union 
of certain substances, or the special laws of their combina- 
tion, while a physician of capacity ar d experience, on the 
other side, if critically examined by a brother physician on 
this, and judged by his replies, perhaps would not be con- 
sidered competent to treat many ordinary diseases. But 
this is not the invariable rule, for certain sjDirits retain a 
comparatively distinct remembrance of the details of the 
knowledge acquired here. 

True knowledge, not false, even of material things, is of 
great benefit to us when we pass to the other side. It 
strengthens and consolidates our personality, gives confi- 
dence and force, and instead of standing dazed, blinded, 
and helpless in view of the strange reahties of that Hfe, we 
are impelled by our habits of examination to exercise our 
reason, and judgment, and make use of our previously ac- 
quired knowledge in solving the innumerable questions 
which surrounding objects and circumstances suggest. 
Through the operation of these mental processes the first 
step in progression is sooner taken, and this primary diffi- 
culty overcome. The real knowledge which we acquu-e 
here will render the attainment of further knowledge there 
easier. In the ratio that a spirit gains knowledge and 
wisdom it acquires power, and all true and essential 
knowledge that is acquired is the eternal j^ossession of the 
soul. And not only this knowledge itself, but the exercise 
here of the faculties necessary to its attainment benefits us 
in the next life. This exercise of the mind is just as essen- 
tial to us as exercise of the body, and it invigorates and 
strengthens the former, and what we thus gain we are not 
divested of by death, but retain as rightfully earned and 


Tlie knowledge of the dead languages, not being essen- 
tial and useful with most spirits, soon fades from memory. 
Mr. Owen says that his knowledge of these is now very 
imperfect, and steadily decreasing, and that of modern 
languages shares the same fate if not frequently called 
into requisition. 

Except w4iat has been gained by observation, experience, 
and research in spirit-life, or in visits to our world, spirits 
possess no more knowledge' than they possessed in earth 
hfe, and there are many among them who passed over 
years since, who know comparatively little more of heav- 
enly things than they did when here, while most spirits 
possess less knowledge of this life than when they passed 
av^ay, it having gradually, or perhaps rapidly, faded from 
their minds. As a rule, a naturally intelligent and well- 
informed politician, professional or business man, could in 
a few hours furnish more information of a reliable charac- 
ter relating to his sjoecialty, to any ordinarily intelligent 
spirit, than the whole sum of knowledge of that subject 
possessed by the latter. But there are exceptions to this 

The progress of spirits in knowledge and wisdom is 
gradual and steady ; it is not marked by sudden leaps or 

The principal reason why we do not constantly receive 
new and higher truths fi'om spiritual sources, is, that as 
spirits increase in knowledge and wisdom they advance to 
higher and higher heavens, and are less and less attracted to 
earth, so that their ranks in the lower heavens, from which 
only, at least with rare excejotions, spirits revisit the earth, 
are constantly recruited by accessions from earth itself, and 
thus the knowledge of the inhabitants of these heavens is 
only such as they have accjuired here, to which is super- 
added that which they have acquired in their, perhapi, not 


protracted existence in spirit-life, and as their progress is 
based quite as mncli upon their emancipation from error 
as on the direct acquisition of knowledge, the greater num- 
ber of them are not by any means wise, and when we further 
consider that there are comparatively few in the higher 
heavens who had any knowledge of spirit intercourse jyre- 
vious to their passing from earth, and that they are still 
ignorant of it, we can understand that comparatively few 
wise and exalted spirits concern themselves with earthly 
affairs, or are engaged in transmitting knowledge of 
spiritual things to us. The knowledge of intercourse be- 
tween spirits and mortals, in its present form, is as limited, 
even in the higher heavens, as it is on earth, but it is 
rapidly extending in the lower heavens, and the time is 
not distant when it will penetrate the minds of aU from the 
least to the greatest, both in the heavens and on earth. 


Visual Perception of Material Objects by Spirits. Hearing our 
Conversation. Ability to Pass through Solid Matter. Their 
Kelations to the Elements. 


Very few spirits perceive earthly objects as distinctly as 
we do, and these few are able to perceive them thus clearly 
only in theii' immediate vicinity. As a rule, low spirits can 
perceive material objects better than those more advanced, 
and their perceptive power diminishes as they progress. 
To the vision of highly advanced spirits gross matter be- 
comes extremely shadowy and unreal. 

All, excepting very low S2:)irits, and a few of higher 
gi'ades who are pecuharly endowed, when they attempt to 
concentrate theu" \dsion on a person, or other object, are 
affected by confusion of sight, and the way in which they 
are best able to view material objects is by causing con- 
stant oscillatory movements of the eyes, so that the hne of 
vision shall not remain beyond a single moment in the 
dii'ection of any point. They are affected, in degree, pre- 
cisely as a mortal is whose defective sight requires the aid 
of glasses, and who attempts to read without them. When 
engaged in quiet intercourse with us, if the light be strong 
they are frequently compelled to close their eyes, or aveii; 
them, or even to seek the protection afforded by the shadow 
of an object in the room. On this account a subdued light 


is always agreeable, and sometimes necessary to them, and 
twilight is the favorite time for their visits. Dazzling 
solar, or artificial light, affects spirits very much as we are 
affected u]3on suddenly emerging into the glare of sunlight 
from a darkened room ; but brilliant artificial Hght is more 
disagreeable to them than the full glare of the sun. 

Our guardians can perceive us distinctly ; to most other 
spirits we appear spectral, ghostly, unless it be when 
mediums, either spiritual or mortal, are present, when 
they are able to perceive us with greater distinctness, and 
when spirits are controlling mediums they perceive us still 
more clearly. One day, while conversing with the Indian 
spirit through our medium he was interrupted by another 
spirit, and from a few disconnected words in English, 
together with his gestures, I understood that the conversa- 
tion related to me, and when he again addressed me I 
asked to whom had he been speaking, "and he replied, "To 
another Indian, who sometimes comes with me." He 
added, that the latter had inquired of him who I was, and 
he informed him, when he recollected having seen me 
and having been in the same room before. Said he, 
" Spirits have as much curiosity as they ever had, but this 
Indian not controlling the medium, can't see persons and 
places as plainly as I do, and so don't remember them 

To most spirits our clothing and bodies are not dia- 
phanous, but certain spirits are endowed with the special 
faculty of perceiving the internal organs. The Indian con- 
troller of my medium possesses this faculty ; the numerous 
proofs furnished by him place the question beyond doubt, 
not only to me but to others who have been present when 
the faculty was exercised. His explanation of the process 
which he employs to accomplish this is as follows. Having 
controlled the medium he aj)plies the hands of the latter, 


one on each, side of the bod}'- or limb, directing liis atten- 
tion to and making- sliglit pressure on tlie parts, when the 
entire substance and structure intervening between the 
hands become distinctly visible, Ijut it is only the portion 
of the hodj or limb between the hands, not any other por- 
tion above or below, that he can perceive. He does not 
consciously see with the hands or lingers of the medium, 
but with his own brain or mind and he applies his atten- 
tion precisely as when he uses his eyes. It is only when 
he is in the act of controlling the medium that he j)ossesses 
this power, in his ordinary state he is unable to exercise the 
facult3\ His Indian companion is wholly deficient in this 
power, but I am acquainted with another sjDirit, in a higher 
heaven, who controls no medium, but who is similarly en- 
dowed. No other spirits with whom I am acquainted pos- 
sess this power in any degree under any circumstances. 

Spirits cannot perceive our spiritual bodies ; these are 
masked fi'om their view as they are from ours, by our 
earthl}'- bodies. 

When spmts visit the earth, during the day, the sun 
j)resents the same appearance to them that it does to us ; 
if it be partially obscured by clouds this also is a]3parent 
to them. If their visits are in the night the darkness is 
equally manifest to them. If they enter a dark room, and 
attempt to move about, they are generally compelled to 
gTope and feel their way as we do, and ujider these circum- 
stances we are invisible to them, but if a well-developed 
medium be j)resent the atmosphere immediately surround- 
ing him or her is in a certain degree luminous, and in this 
dim light persons and objects are more or less distinctly 
perceived. This luminosity suiTOunds mediums only. 

In this we find an explanation of the ability of sj^irits to 
see in dark seances, and here the light is often increased 
by the presence of several mediums. Another explanation 

172 SPmiTtJAL LIGHT, n 

is, that certain spirits possess tlie power of illuminating 
tlie sjoace for a short distance around them, with spiritual 
light, visible to clairvoyant but not to natural vision. They 
effect this apparently by their volition, but the rationale is 
not understood by my instructors. My own opinion is 
that all such spirits, when here, possessed strong medial 
power, and still retain it, and that this emission of spiritual 
light, under certain circumstances, is dependent on it. 
Then again certain spirits understand the art of illuminat- 
ing the space immediately around them by artificial spirit- 
ual light. Paintings and drawings of some merit have be- 
yond question been executed in absolute darkness, dark- 
ness to us, by the hands of mediums, while controlled or 
directed by spirit power. 

Not only do most spirits, when in our atmosphere, im- 
perfectly perceive us, and material objects, but their per- 
ception of each other is equally imperfect, and they appear 
each to the other as little more substantial than shadows, 
and although they cannot ordinarily perceive mortals and 
material objects in total darkness yet they are able to per- 
ceive each other nearly as well as in the full light. 

The walls of our dwellings are not ordinarily transparent 
to spiritual vision, but they are so to certain spirits, as they 
also are to certain mesmeric sensitives. The range of their 
vision in our atmosphere is very limited, but in their heav- 
ens it is more extended than ours here. There are few 
spirits whose vision can penetrate below the surface of the 
earth. I have found one who can see to the depth of from 
one hundred and fifty to two hundred feet, and another to 
the depth of about ten or fifteen feet. None of my other 
spirit friends can see to the extent of an inch below the 

Few spirits are able to read written or printed characters 
unless these be of extraordinary size and distinctness. 


Those wlio can read the former are special!}^ endowed, and 
they are able, without the assistance of a medium, with 
wonderful facility and celerity to read eyen closed books 
and manuscript. The books must be at least partially ex- 
posed to yiew, that is they must not be enclosed, for in- 
stance in a box, safe, closet, or drawer, but they may be in 
their proper places in an open safe or bookcase, or in a pile 
with others, or placed on a table, or desk, and so long as a 
sj)irit endowed vdih this faculty is able to see the books or 
coyers, eyen in part, this is sufficient for his purpose. 
Standing or seated near a book thus placed, by his yohtion 
he conjui-es up or causes psychological copies, or pictures 
of its pages to be successiyely presented to his mind, which 
he is able to read, so my instructors say, with ten times the 
rapidity that we could possibly read the open pages of the 
same book, and he can copy the contents on sj)iritual paper 
with equal rapidity. It makes httle or no difference 
whether the characters are TVTitten or printed, small or 
large. The faculty is comparatiyely a rare one, but one of 
my instructors, ]Mi\ Bernard, has a fi'iend in spirit-hfe who 
possesses it, and he has repeatedly coj)ied letters and other 
written documents at the request of the former, and once 
at my request he did the same. 

About thi'ee years since, at my request, certain of my 
spiiit fi'iends tested their ability to read manuscript, and 
the open pages of a book printed in ordinary sized t}q)e 
and placed at a distance fi^om and behind the medium, and 
they failed, but succeeded in reading- at the same distance 
a pubhsher's placard, the letters of one hne being of the 
size of two inches, and of another two and a half inches, 
while the other letters were less than one inch in size. 
They encountered some difficulty in reading the latter. 
On another, more recent occasion, at my suggestion, IVIr. 
Owen, my father, and Mr. Bernard separately attempted 


to read a plainly written page, placed in the hands of the 
medium while entranced. The two former entirely failed, 
but Mr. Bernard succeeded in slowly deciphering, word by 
word, two lines, when he relinquished the task. 


Few sj)irits, except guardians, are ordinarily able to un- 
derstand our conversation. Guardians are able to clearly 
and distinctly understand not only what is said by their 
wards, but equally well every word that is said by others 
with whom the latter at the moment may be conversing. 
Beside these there are a comparatively few spirits who 
are especially endowed with the faculty of understanding 
all that may be said by mortals in their presence, but the 
great majority of spirits, high and low, when not in the 
presence of mediums are unable, unless it be under un- 
usually favorable conditions, to understand us when con- 
versing with each other. They can only hear disconnected 
words, and in unfavorable weather they are frequently 
unable to understand, or even hear a word. Our conver- 
sation then appears to them to be a succession of humming, 
murmuring sounds. 

It is reasonable to suppose that frequently, wrong con- 
clusions are drawn as to motives and intentions, by listen- 
ing spirits, from the few disconnected words and sentences 
they are able to overhear in our conversation, and I have 
repeatedly found it to be so in my experience, and there is 
no reason to doubt that in the experience of others unfor- 
tunate results have been known to proceed from spirits 
thus misunderstanding the language and intentions of per- 
sons engaged in conversation. These remarks apply to 
conversation when no medium is present. When a good 


medium is present our conversation in liis or lier imme- 
diate vicinity is as readily understood by spirits as it is by 
us, tmd in many dwellings spirits are able to bear and un- 
derstand neai'ly all that is said at certain times by tlie 
inmates. This is where mediums developed or unde- 
veloped, are present, and as there are unrecognized me- 
diums in many families it follows that conversation in such 
families is fi'equently distinctly overheard by spirits who 
ai'e disposed to listen. 

"\Mien a cjuiet, attentive audience is assembled in a 
chui'ch, or j^nblic hall, the spirits present are able to hear 
the speaker nearly or quite as well as he is heard by the 
audience. This is principally owing to the fact that many 
among the audience are mediums. But the presence of 
many low spirits on a pubhc occasion is a hindrance to the 
understanding by higher spirits of what is said by the 

" Then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst," — John xx. 26. 

All spirits, except those just liberated from their earthly 
bodies, and a few others, and these the most degraded, 
possess the power of passing through solid walls of wood 
and stone, these being to them, in this respect, as if they 
did not exist. Spirits are conscious of passing through 
them, but experience no sensations different from those 
they experience in pursuing their course through the air, 
or space. If a spirit should aj)proach a wall with no inten- 
tion of passing through it, his course would be obstiaicted 
exactly as oui*s would, it then being as substantial to him 
as to us, but when he reached the wall, or before reaching 
it, should he desire to pass through it lie would immedi- 


ately find liimseK in conscious, rajDid motion, and the next 
instant lie would be on the other side. They pass through 
heavy and thin walls with equal facility, and through walls 
of one material as readily as through those of another. 

Cotton, wool, down, marble, and iron, are equally sub- 
stantial and resistant to spirit touch and pressure. A 
silken thread extended between two points, would obstruct 
the course of a spirit as effectually as a rod of iron if he 
were to deliberately approach it, although, as in the case 
of the wall, if he were to will it, he would instantly find 
himself beyond it. 

Certain spirits are able to transport small objects through 
the air for greater or less distances, and others, in the 
presence of certain mediums, are able to cause similar ob- 
jects to pass through sohd walls without injury in any re- 
spect to the object. These things remain yet unexplained 
by my instructors. 

There are spirits so gross and degraded that they are 
unable to enter our dwelhngs through the walls. They 
find access only through open doors and windows, and 
usually can depart only by the same means, but as these 
spiritual tramps in their visits to tenements are liable to be 
accidentally imprisoned, when these become temporarily 
deserted, it seems to have been provided that when, in 
such cases, they become sufficiently reduced by starvation 
they shall acquire the power to escape through the walls. 

Spirits do not possess the power to penetrate below the 
surface of the earth, nor of a body of water. To them, 
water is as sohd as earth, and yet if a person, while hving, 
were to be buried in the depths of a mine, or of the ocean, 
his spirit, when released from the body, would soon emerge 
from its confinement. 

It is thought by some that because disembodied spirits 
are constituted of, what to us is impalpable substance, 


tliey uecessarily sliould be able to pass througli a mortal, 
and vice versa, as readily as tlirougli air. This is a mis- 
take, for to spirits our bodies are as substantial as they are 
to ourselves, and even more so, and even if our own spirits 
"svere disembodied thev would still be substantial to other 
spirits. "NMien a S23iritual apparition is seen and it appears 
to pass tlu'ough a mortal, or the mortal through it, it is 
only in appearance, the movements of the spirit being so 
rapid that our vision cannot follow them. When spirits 
touch us we feel more substantial to them than they do to 
each other, for while the substance of their persons yields 
to theii' pressure oui- flesh does not, but on the contrary 
it feels to them as firm and unyielding as marble or iron. 
If a spirit were standing so close to a mortal as to be nearly 
in contact with him, and the latter, unseen by the former, 
should suddenly and rapidly approach him, he probably 
would come in contact with him, but at the instant of con- 
tact the spiiit would change his position' and his move- 
ment would be so instantaneous that there would be little 
or no chance of his balance being disturbed. If the dis- 
tance between them were greater, when the mortal moved 
towards the spirit, even if the latter were previously un- 
aware of the former's intention, he would instantly become 
conscious of it by recognizing the magnetic force of his 
will directed in a line with his — the spirit's— person, and 
he would move aside, perhaps without turning his head. 
If a spiiit were seated in a chair and a mortal, standing 
before or beside him, should suddenly seat himself in the 
same chair the former would escape before or at the in- 
stant of contact. In such cases the movements of spirits 
are as instantaneous as lightning. 

All objects in the sj^irit-world are real and substantial to 
spiritual perception, and spirits have no more power to 
penetrate the substance of the heavens, or the walls of 


tlieir own dwellings, than we have to penetrate the sub- 
stance of the earth, or pass through solid walls. Neither 
can their vision ordinarily penetrate spiritual substance. 
Should one spirit attempt to lift another the latter would 
apjDear to the former to be as heavy as one mortal, under 
like cii'cumstances, would aj^pear to be to another. 


Spirits in the coldest weather traverse the space between 
the heavens and earth so quickly that they do not suffer 
from the cold, provided that u^Don their arrival here they 
immediately enter a comfortable dw^elling, but should it so 
happen that they are exj^osed to a low temperature for any 
considerable time they are affected by it as disagreeably as 
we are. The same as to very warm weather. When they 
come to earth and encounter cold, bleak storms, they are 
rendered verv uncomfortable, even when sheltered in our 
dweUings, and the higher spirits rarely visit us during the 
prevalence of such weather unless drawn to us by love, or 
from motives of duty, or both, and when the clainas of these 
are satisfied they are glad to escape and return to their 
own bright, blissful homes. 

AVhen strong winds prevail, and especially in stormy 
w^eather, it is with some difficulty that spirits pursue their 
course through our atmosphere. One January day when 
a high cold wind prevailed, as soon as the Indian guide of 
the medium assumed control I noticed that he was in an 
unusually merry mood, and in reply to my question he 
said, that upon approaching my dwelhng with his com- 
panion they were both precipitated against it with con- 
siderable force, being unable to steadily direct their course 
on account of the violence of the wind. When spirits are 
ex]3osed in our atmosj^here to storms of hail they pass 

perfl':mks grateful to spirits. 179 

tlirouiT^li it without seusation of contact with it. It is evi- 
dent that it must pass through them, my instructors ad- 
mit this, but they are unable to explain the phenomenon. 

Although they ai-e rendered uncomfortable when with 
us in very warm weather, yet they do not perspire. A 
spirit under ordinary circumstances Avould suffer pain, but 
not destruction of tissue, or parts, from prolonged contact 
with or exposure to fire. My spirit friends tell me that 
w^hen they ^isit me in cold weather they gather about the 
fire as w^e do after exjDOSUi-e to cold, but they are nearly as 
careful as we are to avoid -too close an approach to it, 
other^\ise they would be rendered uncomfortable. Cer- 
tain spii'its understand hov/, by artificial means, to expose 
portions of their persons to the action of fire without in- 
curring suffering. They also are able by the same, or 
other means, to protect the hands, head, feet, and other 
parts of the persons of mediums fi'om its action. 

Spirits are sensitive to odors, and perfumes, and certain 
of them are as agreeable to them as to us, while others are 
equally disagreeable. An atmosphere delicately perfumed 
with rose, neroli, bergamot, or cologne, tends in some de- 
gi'ee to assist manifestations. The perfume of flowers is 
always highly agi'eeable to them. 

There are passengers on most vessels whose names are 
not entered on the passenger list. At my request Mr. 
Owen and vaj father boarded a steamship in mid-ocean, 
and found many spirits there. Some of these were friends 
of the j)assengers, and others w^ere the spirits of sailors, 
who lived aboard the vessel, and busied themselves in all 
their former duties. It is not to be suj^posed that these 
duties are effectively performed, but sometimes they per- 
fonn real service when it happens that officers or lookouts 
are impressible, by influencing their minds so that they 
can consciously or unconsciously avoid serious danger to 


tliemselves, or the vessel. On tlie other hand, sometimes, 
but perhaps rarely, some vicious spirit finds himseK able 
to iniiuence the lookout, or man at the wheel, and obscures 
his mind to such an extent that he is rendered incompe- 
tent to the discharge of his duties, and through this means 
the vessel may be lost. Mr. Owen and my father, a short 
time after boarding the steamer, experienced the usual 
symptoms of sea-sickness, nausea, dizziness, and prostra- 
tion of strength, and soon they were compelled, from these 
causes, to leave the vessel. They noticed that other spirits 
present, friends of the passengers, were affected in like 


Materialization — Form Manifestations. Phantom Ships and Rail- 
way Trains. Rappings, and Moving of Objects, Spirit Lights, 
Levitation. Trance and Yisipns. 


The processes of materialization are really of a scientific 
nature, and in cabinet seances are usually, perhaps always, 
supei-^ised and directed by spirits of intelligence above 
the average, who have acquired a knowledge of the method 
by direct instruction, or careful observ^ation," but in other 
instances certain low spirits of strong magnetic natures 
and powerful will, generally of that class who haunt certain 
earfhly locahties, possess, either an intuitive or acquired 
knowledge of the means of mateiializing, for certain spiiits 
of this class, equally v*ith those more elevated, are able to 
materialize spirits on their ovm planes, in a degree, not 
onlv sufficient under certain circumstances to render them 
visible to mortals, but also to exercise considerable power 
over material objects. 

It is only of the methods of procedure in circles for 
materializinf;^ that we have anv definite knowledpre, and 
here the process requires the combined action of a number 
of instnicted spiidts, who form a circle around the spirit to 
be materialized, and thi'ough the exercise of their united 
^\ill-power attract and gather certain magnetic and material 
elements fi'om the medium, the persons present, and the 


atmosphere, and then by employing* their hands as mes-r 
merizers employ theirs, in making certain passes, they 
direct these elements towards the spirit in their midst, 
while at the same time they assist the operation of these 
movements by concentrating the full force of their will- 
power upon him. It is necessary that the object of their 
attentions should be in a passive and receptive state, and if 
he or she is capable of quietly and forcibly exerting his or 
her will to the same end the accomphshment of the pur- 
pose is materially assisted, the object being to cause the 
condensation or lodgment of these elements upon and 
throughout the whole, or parts of the person of the spirit. 
These means must be steadily employed, otherwise the 
spirit rapidly demateriahzes, the elements used becoming 
dissipated and reverting to their previous conditions. The 
process, in some respects, resembles that by which the 
metal is taken up and deposited in electro-plating. They 
are able to materialize any part of the person of a spirit, 
clothing that part with material substance, or they can 
materialize it throughout its internal structure, and when 
the power is sufficient and conditions favorable, they are 
able to materialize the entire person of the spirit, exter- 
nally and internally. 

Sometimes an adult spirit who passed away in childhood, 
is represented to the parent's view as still a child. This 
result is effected by their selecting a spirit child as nearly 
as possible resembhng the spirit when it passed away, and 
clothing it in a manner similar to that in which it was 
clothed in earth life, and then materializing it. The child 
is previously instructed in the part it is to act. But 
although adult S23irits are unable to personally reassume 
the appearance of childhood, those who have departed this 
life at advanced ages are able to appear materialized of the 
ages they were when they passed away. This too is ac- 


complislied "by will-power. Previous to materializing tliey 
have only to recollect how they appeared at those ages, and 
then to desire, or will, to appear the same again, and this 
determines the result. 

The sense of touch in a fully materialized spirit hand is 
perfect, and the sense fails with the decreasing substan- 
tiality of the hand. Spiritual birds are frequently brought 
to earth, and sometimes thev are materialized at seances. 
Spirits, a23paritions as they are termed, wiio haunt certain 
localities, most commonly dwellings, either inhabited or 
abandoned, when they are joerceived by natural vision, or 
make physical demonstrations, are always more or less 
materialized. Theii* materialization is effected, as before 
stated, by the efforts of other sj)irits, and as none but very 
material, if not gross spirits haunt such localities the power 
recjuired to sufficiently materialize them is comparatively 
inconsiderable. They are rarely able to manifest in either 
manner unless it be in these special localities, as to a great 
extent they are dependent for their power to do so on the 
magTietic elements there existing. In such instances it is 
rare that more than one spirit is visible at the same time, 
while there may be a score or more engaged in materializ- 
ing that one. 

The permanent materialization of spiritual objects, such 
as hair, garments, flowers, etc., my spirit instructors unani- 
mously declare to be impossible, and in my own experience 
neither the most reliable mediums, nor their guides, have 
pretended to be able to materialize any s}Diritual substance 
so that it shall retain its materiality when removed from 
the seance room. 

All spiiits when visiting the earth, of necessity, become 
in a certain degree materialized, as also do the spiritual 
objects they may bring with them. At a certain seance 
with our medium one of my instmctors, Mr. Bernard, in- 


formed me that a spirit fiiend of his with a genius for inven- 
tion was engaged in perfecting a machine, the knowledge 
of which, should it prove successful, he intended to com- 
municate to me. When conversing on this subject I sug- 
gested that a diagram of it might be made by my placing 
a sheet of drawing paper on a table, and their placing a 
s]3iritual diagram of the machinery upon the sheet I had 
provided, and then for them to control the medium's hand 
and with a pencil trace the lines through their spiritual 
diagram upon the drawing paper. The reply was, that it 
would be impossible to procure a drawing by this method, 
for the reason that their diagram, when brought to earth, 
would become in degree materialized, and the j)encil-j)oint 
in tracing tlu'ough it would meet with resistance, and it 
would be simply mutilated and destroyed. 

The knowledge, thus obtained, enabled me to realize 
what my instructors had often before said, that they, and 
consequently their brains, in degree, are invariably mate- 
rialized when present with us, and from this fact another 
is to be inferred, which is, as before remarked, that upon 
this partial materialization of their brains, wholly or par- 
tially depends their defective memory when here. The 
knowledge of this fact also enables us to satisfactorily ac- 
count for the greater power which many low sj^irits possess 
to cause physical manifestations. From their hving mostly 
or wholly on earth, and from their grossness, they are al- 
ways materiahzed in degree, and hence, with a slight addi- 
tion of material elements they are able to act directly on 
matter with greater force than spirits on higher planes. 


The legendary phantom ship is not a myth. Spectral, 
or spiiitual ships, are sometimes constructed on earth by 

now riioDut'Ki). 185 

spirits of inariners from tlie second sphere, wlio launch 
them, and sail them on our oceans, and sometimes make 
voyages in them between different ports. Notwithstand- 
ing the appearance to the contrary, these ships simply 
ghde over the waves mthout sinking into them, and earthly 
TN^inds propel them at rates of speed which our ships can- 
not attain. The spiritual substances, or as we naturally 
would term them, materials, of w4iich these spiritual ships 
are built, are brought from the second sphere by these 
spirits, having previously been brought there from the 
thii'd and fourth heavens by -spirits of those heavens, who 
are charged with this duty, as these sailor spirits are not 
permitted to go higher than their own sphere. They are 
thus fui'nished with the necessary "materials" and per- 
mitted to use them in building ships, as an indulgence, or 
favor, but it is only to such spirits as have reformed, or 
have not led abandoned hves that these favors are granted. 
Those who enjoy them, in fact, are qualified to enter the 
third heaven, but they still are possessed of a lingering love 
for their eartlily occupations, and when this becomes satis- 
fied, as after a while it does, they pass to the third heaven. 
Spectral railway trains are equally matters of fact, the 
"materials" of which they are constructed being supplied 
in the same manner to the spirits of engineers, firemen, 
brakemen, conductors, etc., existing on the same planes as 
the mariners, above mentioned. As the spectral ships are 
never visible in clear sunlight, but are only seen in the 
night, or twilight, or during storms, when the light is par- 
tially obscured, so the spectral trains are never seen ex- 
cepting at night, or in a tunnel, where there is little light. 
Sometimes these spectral ships and trains are seen clair- 
voyantly, and at other times with the natural eye, as these 
spuits, at least in some cases, under favorable circum- 
stances appear to possess the power, by their combined 


efforts, to temporarily materialize them, together with 
themselves, so that they become apjDarent to the vision of 
ordinary observers. My instructors assure me that there 
are more, both of spectral ships and trains, in existence 
than has been suspected by the few who have believed in 

The spectral men in armor who have been observed at 
different times, especially in the highlands of Scotland, are 
generally perceived clairvoyantly. Large numbers of them 
have been seen at the same time by many persons. The 
pageant is gotten up by spirits from the second sphere, 
assisted by those from the third, and while certain of them 
are marching, others, unseen, direct their combined efforts 
to 0]3en the sj)iritual eyes of the observers, and they some- 
times succeed in enabhng scores, and even hundreds to 
perceive them with their spiritual vision. Possibly, also, 
in some instances, the spirit troops have been sufficiently 
materiahzed for them to be perceived more or less dis- 
tinctly by ordinary vision. 



In order to produce the raps spirits present unite in 
materializing the hand, or knuckles simply, of one of their 
number, and he then makes the raps with these. Some- 
times a small spiritual object as a pencil or ring is mate- 
rialized and the raps are made with this. When a table is 
used the raps are generally made on its lower surface, and 
it is not necessar}^, in order to effect the purpose, that 
either the hand or other object shall be materialized to the 
extent that it shall be visible to those present. 

Tables and other objects are moved by the materialized, 
or partially materialized hands of spirits. When the article 

Sl'IIilT LIGHTS. 187 

is very licaAT, as a piano, then the materiaHzed hands of a 
number of spirits, perhaps a dozen, are required to lift it. 
Neither electricity nor magnetism is employed, nor can 
either be made available for such purj)oses. 

The luminous points, frequently extending' into lines of 
light, so cominonl}' observed in dark seances, and known 
as sj^irit lights, are produced by spirits forcibly striking 
together two hard substances, spiritual of course, in the 
same manner that we do flint and steel to elicit sparks. In 
giving me this explanation Mr. Owen said he had noticed 
that on each occasion the operator, jorevious to striking 
these substances together, dipped the ends of them in a 
hquid. The aid of spiritual chemicals is here probably 
called into requisition. Levitation, or elevation and sus- 
l^ension of a mortal in the air, is accomplished by the 
united efforts of a number of spirits who have been suffi- 
ciently materiaHzed by other spirits for this purpose. 
These semi-materialized spirits raise the person exactly as 
we would, with theii- hands. None but mediums of ex- 
traordinary power can be thus elevated. 


Trance, with jDossibly some exceptions, is induced by 
disembodied spirits, sometimes for purposes of medium- 
istic development, sometimes so that the peculiar condition 
of mind and body that obtains in this state, may be made 
available in arresting the course of disease, and at other 
times it is induced so that the mind may be brought under 
conditions in which it can be powerfully imj)ressed with 
spu'itual truths. Ordmarily the state of trance is not at- 
tended vrith danger, but occasionally it happens that unin- 
formed and too confident spirits find themselves able to 
induce the state and then, to their consternation, discover 


that tliey cannot restore tlie' subject to his normal condi- 
tion, and instances have occurred where the person has 
been buried under the fatal niisaj)prehension that death 
has ensued. 

Trance is induced by S23irits by precisely the same 
means that mesmerizers employ to mesmerize their sub- 
jects. All trance subjects are mediums. In the trance 
state the spirit is not usually absent from the body, but is 
generally, either semi-conscious, or entirely unconscious of 
external things. In some cases however the person is 
fully alive to everything around him. It sometimes, 
though rarely happens, that spirits under exce|)tionally 
favorable conditions are able to and do maintain absolute 
control of a medium for days, weeks, and even months, re- 
leasing their hold for brief periods of time, during which 
the medium is generally in the trance state, or asleep. In 
the majority of these rare instances intelligent spirits, 
with good motives, and for important purposes, thus main- 
tain possession. It must not be supposed that in such 
cases the spirit natural to the body is banished from it ; it 
is only overpowered, its faculties obscured, and functions 
temporarily suspended. The controlling spirit is always 
external to the body of the medium. It is not possible for 
any disembodied spirit to personally enter the body of a 

Visions of, apparently, heavenly scenes are but impres- 
sions made upon the minds of susceptible persons by dis- 
embodied spirits during partial sleep, or if the subject be 
possessed of medial power, when he is wholly or partially 
entranced. The psychologizing spirit by thinking intently 
of any subject, or scene, and at the same time intently de- 
siring the person to think of or perceive the same, is able 
to impress his ideas upon the person's mind, and the latter, 
if the attempt be successful, perceives whatever is in the 


mind of the operating spirit, and perliaps realizes it more 
yividly tlian it is realized by liim. Will-power is the force 
employed, and the process is here again precise^ similar 
to that employed b}" mesmerizers. Mental pictures of ob- 
jects and scenes are thus produced, and frequently they are 
so apparently real that the subject ever after believes he 
has actually, in spiritual person, visited the scenes depicted, 
and there seen what in reaUty were only psychological pic- 
tures impressed upon his mind by spirit agency. The 
language, when heard, is also that of the psychologizing 

But the spu'its of certain persons, under certain circum- 
stances, are able, as elsewhere stated, to leave the body 
when asleep, for a bri3f time, and to visit earthly localities, 
and absent friends, and return and re-enter the body, and 
when the latter awakes the remembrance of what the spirit 
has seen is generally more or less distinct. Sometimes, 
also, distant earthly objects and scenes are discerned, 
apjDarently through spontaneous or independent clairvoy- 
ance, and by lucid mesmeric subjects, but it is very doubt- 
ful whether the vision of an embodied spirit has ever pene- 
trated even the lowest of the heavens. As to spirits, while 
yet associated with the body, visiting, even the lowest of 
the heavens, my instructors believe to be impossible. 


Spirits in Relation to Animals. Do they Interest Themselves in 
our Business AfiEairs ? There is Room in God's Universe for All. 


Spirits are capable of influencing certain animals in tlieir 
feelings and movements. We knov?- that with us animals 
are sometimes psychologized, or mesmerized by persons 
highly endov^ed with mesmeric power, and to one who be- 
lieves in the power of spirits to influence mortals there 
should be no difficulty in believing that they are, at least 
sometimes, capable of influencing animals. Li the Bible 
instances are recorded of the exercise of this power by 
spirits, as in 1 Kings xvii. 6, where the ravens brought 
Elijah bread and flesh ; in Dan. vii. 22, where the angel, 
or spirit, shut the lion's mouth, and in Mark v. 13, where 
the unclean, or low spirits, influenced the swine to rush 
into the sea. 

Also certain domestic animals are capable, at least at 
times, of perceiving spirits, and as spirits in their natural 
state can only be perceived by spiritual vision these ani- 
mals must be endowed with spiritual organs of vision, and 
if with these, doubtless with other spiritual senses, and 
consequently with spiritual organisms. Thus, animals 
should possess S23iritual bodies, and my instructors have 
no doubt of the fact, but as stated in another part of this 
work, they deny to the spirits of animals continued exist- 


ence, these perisliing with then* material bodies. Horses, 
dogs, and cats, possess the facult}' of discerning sj)irits, 
under certain circumstances, and sometimes Indian spirits, 
and others, amuse themselves by mountinfj;' horses when 
grazing in the open held, and by violent gestvires impelling 
them to tlieir utmost speed, and to strange, and sometimes 
frantic movements and efforts to dismount their ghostly 
riders, who are visible to them alone. I am also informed 
that sometimes, when vicious and revengeful spirits enter- 
tain gTudges against certain persons, they will seize oppor- 
tunities when the latter are riding, or driving, to suddenly 
appear before tlieir animals, perhaps at dangerous points 
on the roads, and by violent gestures frighten them so that 
mischief may ensue. Idle and fi'olicsome spirits- frequently 
amuse themselves with dogs and cats, availing themselves 
of the animals' inability to distinguish between them and 
mortals to bewilder and deceive them, and ill-disposed 
spirits sometimes succeed in inciting dogs to attack certain 
persons whom they dislike. A notable instance of clair- 
voyant vision in an animal is recorded in Numb. xxii. 23 
to 27. 


The question is sometimes asked ; Do spirits interest 
themselves in the business affairs of this hfe ? Some of 
them do, but a person who receives advice or information 
in respect to business matters from them should be guided 
by it only when his osvn judgment, or knowledge confirms 
it. There have been instances, w^ell attested, certain of 
them within my own experience, in w^hich worldly advan- 
tage has accrued from information and advice given by 
spmts, but, as a rule, it is much safer to rely alone upon 
one's otm judgment and exertions. If we have a relative, 


or dear friend in spirit-life, who, wlien here was actively 
engaged in business pursuits, and who possessed an in- 
disputable capacity for them, and if through a reliable me- 
dium we can readily enter into communication with him, 
and should find him still interested in worldly affairs, and 
especially in our own, it may be well if counsel is needed 
to consult him, always subjecting his information or advice 
to the crucible of our reason, and adopting or rejecting it 
accordingly, precisely as we would if it were received from 
an earthly friend. Persons who are so credulous as to rely 
solely upon spirit direction in their earthly affairs, almost 
invariably suffer for their folly in failing to exercise and be 
guided by their own reason, and for attempting to evade 
their own responsibility by transferring it to invisible, and 
most frequently, irresponsible shoulders. It is the mission 
of our unseen friends, as far as the}^ are able, to assist, 
protect, and guide us in the right, not to assume and per- 
form our duties for us ; these we alone must discharge, or 
suffer the consequences. 

Spirits who have left property to their heirs are often 
present at its distribution, and many times, when it carries 
no blessing with it, they are gratified to see it wasted, and 
sometimes are successful in their efforts to scatter the 
w^ealth in the pursuit of which they had sacrificed their 
earthly health, comfort, time, and possibly honor. 


Where can the departed spirits of the countless ages of 
the past, together with the myriads of yet uncreated spirits, 
find space in which to exist ? 

This is a problem which presents itself to the minds of 
many thoughtful persons who believe in the eternal ex- 
istence of the soul, and at the first view it seems difiicult 


to satisfactorily solve it, but when we call figures to our 
assistance it will be found that much of if not all the 
difficulty disappears. 

Thus, a square of fifteen miles contains 225 square miles. 
Multiply 5,280, the number of feet in a lineal mile, by 
itself, and the product is 27,878,400, being the number of 
square feet in a square mile. Multiply this number by 
225 and we have 6,272,04:0,000, being the number of square 
feet in the square of fifteen miles, and dividing this sum 
by 1,400,000,000, the present estimated poj)ulation of our 
globe, and we have, (within a fraction,) 4^ square feet for 
each person. If the present site of London, with its 700 
square miles, were an open plane it would suffice to fur- 
nish comfortable standing room for three times the present 
population of the earth. 

The entire surface of our globe comprises about 197,- 
000,000, square miles. Of these, about 54,000,000, are land, 
and allowing 4|- square feet for each person 334,540,800,- 
000,000, individuals could find standing room upon its 
surface, this being 238,957 times the present population 
of the earth. Assuming thirty-three years .as the term of 
life of a generation, and that the population of the earth 
has always been the same as now, all the people who have 
existed upon it for 7,885,581 years could, if now living, 
find standing room on the dry land of our globe, but as 
the population anterior to one thousand years ago, j)rob- 
^ ably, was not one-half its present number we may proj)erly 
double the above number of years, making it 15,771,102. 

If the entire surface of our globe were dry land it would 
furnish 871,753, times the present population with stand- 
ing room, or all the human beings that have existed upon 
it for 28,767,849 years. This presumes that at no time 
were there a less number of people existing on the earth 
than at present. 


The foregoing calculations wiU serve tlie purpose of 
showing the vast numbers of persons who can find stand- 
ing room on a comparatively limited surface, and a calcu- 
lation of the number of cubic miles contained in a sphere 
equal in diameter to that of the orbit of the moon, or space 
included in a radius of 240,000 miles from the earth in 
every direction, will show what myriads of souls could find 
ample room therein to exist. 

In this space there are 57,905,971,200,000,000 cubic 
miles. This number divided by 1,400,000,000, the present 
population of the earth, gives 41,361,408 cubic miles to 
each person, and is equal to one cubic mile for every hu- 
man being who has existed on our globe for 1,364,926,464 
years, estimating the average number of its inhabitants the 
same as at present. 

This estimate, as just said, is only of the space included 
in a radius of 240,000 miles from the earth in every direc- 
tion. A railway train starting from our earth and travelhng 
in a direct line, night and day, at the rate of fifty miles an 
hour, would traverse the radius of this space and reach the 
moon in less than seven months, while travelling at the 
same rate of speed it would require more than two hundred 
years to reach the sun. 

To fully realize the vastness of the space described by 
the orbit of the moon, and the myriads of human souls it 
is capable of containing, with ample room for all, is beyond 
the capacity of most minds, and to even approximately re- 
alize the immensity of the space of which the sun is the 
centre, and the earth a point in the circumference, not to 
mention the entire space of the solar system, is an impos- 
sibility to any finite mind. Yet, inconceivable as the di- 
mensions of this space are they dwindle into insignificance 
when compared with the immensity, to us infinity, of space 
represented by the distance from our speck of earth of the 


neai'est fixed star, Alpha Centauri, which the supposititious 
railway train running at its speed of fifty miles an hour 
would not reach in less than 42,000,000 years. And yet 
this star, as just said, is the nearest to our earth of the 
fixed stai'S. 

It is thus seen that while vast multitudes of human 
beings may be represented by figures in a gTeater or less 
degree apprehensible by our understanding, the immensity 
of even a comparatively hmited space, like that of the orbit 
of the moon, is inconceivable, the figures representing it 
beai-ing to oui' minds comparatively httle relation to its vast 


The description of the heavens, and their inhabitants, 
contained in this work, is but partial and fi-agm^ntary, for 
while a comparatively few things are described the far 
greater number remain unnoticed. The things described 
compare with those unnoticed, and yet unknown, as the 
recorded observations of a traveller on a railway compare 
with a comprehensive history of the country, in which its 
varied features and the characteristics of its inhabitants are 
accurately noted. It remains for other explorers of this 
partially comprehended, and invisible realm, to add to this 
description, and each successive future generation will 
learn new and important truths, and better comprehend 
their philosophy. 

This is the child-life of the spirit, and this world the 
primary school of the race, in which we are taught, princi- 
j^ally, by observation and experience. None truly become 
men and women until they are developed in spirit-life. 
The oldest and wisest of us are only approacliing real man 
and womanhood. ^Tio, among us, can truly say he has 


passed the period when lie can be "pleased with a rattle, 
and tickled with a straw." 

Man, while in the flesh is bound to the earth, and the 
creeping thing may call him brother, but when his immor- 
tal spirit becomes liberated from the tenement of clay he 
enters on a new and glorious existence, soars in boundless 
freedom through realms of celestial beauty and brigh!- 
ness, drinks in wisdom and knowledge with every breath, 
while every^ movement, every thought, every aspiration, is 
tributary to his happiness, and he is amazed that he ever 
could have been so blind, so groveling, as to seek his highest 
gratification in things of sense. The spirit-world is peopled 
by men and women who here lived, enjoyed, suffered, and 
died as we are now doing, or destined to do, who resembled 
us in all respects, and whatever possibihties have been or 
are yet to be realized by them in their present existence, 
will be realized by us when we have followed them to that 
world. Every lofty aspiration, every noble thought, every 
rational hope will there be realized, and every prophecy of 
the soul will there find its fulfillment. No conception of 
the poet's mind ever equalled in subhmity and grandeur 
the reahty of that hfe, in its highest estate, and no orien- 
tal ecstatic in his wildest flights of fancy ever dreamed 
of such beauty and perfection as characterize the higher 

" Hope on, weary heart, heaven's glory shines, 
Earth fades, and soon we shall rejoice tog-ether ; 

Night hastes, and death its drowsy wreath entwines ; 
Into our realm from earth's Decembral weather 
We bid yon welcome. Gently as drops the feather 

From the swan's breast, your dust, ye weary hearted, 
Shall from you fall, and none shall ask you whether 

Ye feared or hoped ; each rankling wound that smarted 

Shall pain no more, for peace dwells with the world's departed. 


'^ Crowned with rose-blooms, on thy my banks reposing, 

Sweet lovers wait you ; O one fond embrace, 
One loving smile, from eyes their love disclosing, 

Shall compensate you for this mortal race, 

And every sorrow from the heart erase. 
Love God in man, and thus on earth obtain 

The victor's wreath ; So, death shall not efface 
Aught from the soul save disappointment's pain ; 
All shall be yours in heaven the young heart hoped to gain." 











"the spikit world, its inhabitants, nature, and philos- 


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University of