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And The Spokane Country 
pictorial and biographical 

De Luxe Supplement 






<§rafmm ^Barclay ©enms 

ONTINUOUS progress has characterized the career 
of Graham Barclay Dennis. His intellect early 
grasped the eternal truth, that industry wins, and in- 
dustry became the beacon light of his life. What- 
ever he has undertaken has found him determined in 
execution and watchful of all opportunities pointing 
to legitimate success, and today he is prominently connected with 
most important corporation and business interests, being numbered 
among Spokane's capitalists. He was born in London, England, 
June 1, 1855, his parents being Mendenhall John and Sophia Den- 
nis. His father, also a native of London, was a man of most liberal 
education and scholarly attainments, having been graduated from 
Oxford and Heidelberg Universities. He was a linguist of notable 
powers and his life was largely devoted to the work of the Presby- 
terian ministry. His wife was German descent and during the early 
boyhood of their son Graham, they came with their family to the 
United States, first to Boston, Massachusetts, and finally settling in 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Graham B. Dennis pursued his education in the public schools of 
the latter city until he reached the age of fourteen years, when he 
began learning the more difficult lessons in the school of experience. 
He was employed in both Cincinnati and in Dayton, Ohio, but a 
brief period sufficed to indicate to him how valuable is education as 
a factor in success. He therefore resumed his studies, pursuing a 
course in the year 1873-4 at Bethany College in West Virginia. In 
1875 he became city editor of the Dayton (Ohio) Daily Journal and 
after two years spent in that capacity, was made business manager 
of the paper, which he thus conducted for two years. During the 
succeeding six years he was associated with different business enter- 
prises in Dayton and brought his inventive genius into play in pro- 
ducing and successfully introducing an electrical postage-stamp can- 
celler. In the further development of his business affairs, he became 
the head of the firm of G. B. Dennis & Company, comprising the 
organization of stock companies, stocks and discounts, and at the 
same time he established, published and edited the Farmer's Home, 


6 djraftam ffiarclap Bennig 

an agricultural newspaper. His identification with the northwest be- 
gan in May, 1885, at which time he arrived in Spokane, the same year 
becoming actively interested in real estate and mining, and in the 
publication of the Spokane Miner, a sixteen-page paper devoted to 
the mining interests of the northwest, which at that time were in 
their infancy. He likewise organized the Muscovite Mica Mining 
Company, in which he enlisted Chicago capital, to develop the great 
mica mines in Idaho. In 1887 he built in Spokane the first electric 
railway of the northwest, and the first west of Chicago, known as the 
Ross Park Street Railway Company, of which he was for two years 
the president. One of the largest enterprises with which he has been 
closely associated was the organization of the Old Dominion Mining 
& Milling Company for the development of properties in Stevens 
county, and of which company he is still the president. He has the 
ability that enables him to see the possibilities in a project of large 
proportions and to direct its interests in the best possible manner 
toward securing results desired. Upon the organization of the 
Northwestern Mining Association, on the 2d of October, 1895, he 
was chosen its president and continued in that position for several 
years. In the following year he was made its delegate to the parlia- 
ment of British Columbia at Victoria, and had the distinction of suc- 
cessfully opposing the proposed two per cent tax on the gross output 
of the British Columbia mines. In 1897 he was one of the committee 
appointed by the international mining congress to prepare a revision 
of the federal mining laws, and in that connection was instrumental 
in drafting the memorial to the United States congress. His mining 
interests have brought him into active association with various com- 
panies, invariably holding the position of president. In 1898 he was 
chosen president and treasurer of the Insurgent Gold Mining Com- 
pany of Republic, Washington, and still retains that position. Mr. 
Dennis has for many years been a director in the Exchange National 
Bank of Spokane, and president of the Warehouse & Realty Com- 
pany, a one million dollar corporation. 

While his private business interests have been extensive and of a 
most important character, Mr. Dennis has also been connected with 
various enterprises of a public or semi-public character, which have 
become valuable and significant features in the development and 
upbuilding of the northwest. From 1886 until 1888 he was a mem- 
ber of the city council of Spokane and aided in shaping its formative 
policy during that early period. In 1890 he became a member of the 
board of public education and served as chairman of its committee 

graflam ganjag Dennig 7 

on buildings, constructing the first high school and five district school 
buildings in Spokane. In the same year, he became the organizer 
and first vice president of the Spokane Industrial Exposition, which 
did much to stimulate trade and business conditions in this part of 
the Inland Empire. For a number of years, he served as one of the 
trustees and as a member of the executive committee and treasurer 
of the Jenkins University. The foresight and untiring efforts of 
Mr. Dennis resulted, in 1902, through him as the author, in the for- 
mation of the Publicity Committee, an important organization com- 
prising the representative citizens of Spokane. Its work has been 
extensive in making known world-wide, through the daily press and 
magazines, the resources and advantages of Spokane and the Inland 
Empire, the expense of exploiting the resources of the country 
amounting to forty thousand dollars a year. Mr. Dennis' firm faith 
in the country and its future constitutes his inspiration for the work 
in which he has been engaged in spreading broadcast a knowledge 
of the country and promoting specific interests and projects which 
have had important bearing upon its material growth and progress. 

On the 20th of May, 1879, Mr. Dennis was united in marriage 
to Miss Hester L. Bradley, a daughter of Captain John Bradley, 
and to them have been born a son and two daughters: Howard B. 
who, married Josephine Wilhelm ; Essie Mernie, the wife of Edward 
R. Dickson; and Julia B., the wife of Roy C. Lammers, by whom she 
has one child, Graham Dennis Lammers. 

While most important and extensive business and public connec- 
tions have claimed the attention of Mr. Dennis, yet it is not as a 
financial success that his character appeals most to those who have 
known, and still know him; nor is it his genial and warm-hearted man- 
ner that has earned him enduring friendships. It is his broad- 
minded, public spirit, his fearless initiative in undertaking public 
work and his indomitable energy in carrying worthy projects to a 
successful culmination, that command the deep regard of his fellow 
citizens. Among his public acts were liberal subscriptions to various 
important enterprises — bonuses to secure projected railways, contri- 
butions for parks, hospitals, schools. And he was not a subscriber 
alone, but a leader and coworker in advancing worthy movements, 
giving of his time and brain, as well as of his financial resources, to 
make for a greater city and a grander commonwealth. His unfail- 
ing generosity, his zeal for work and his executive ability have en- 
tailed on him endless service as chairman of committees for public 
purposes, and have brought him honors the more dignified because 
conferred on him, by whom preferment has never been sought. 

8 Urafjam ^Barclay Bennig 

The most recent, and the crowning honor of his lifetime, was ten- 
dered him on September 26, 1906, on the occasion of his election by 
acclamation to the distinction of the first presidency of the Pacific 
Northwest Development League, a public enterprise conceived by 
the representative men of four sovereign states, to promote their 
common interests. 

The spirit that has characterized the entire career of Mr. Dennis 
has considered first, good citizenship; thereafter, reasonable concern 
for private interest. And only too often the private interests have 
suffered, to promote the common weal. Such a character is more 
than a good citizen; he is a public benefactor — a type that free Amer- 
ica, perhaps, has developed in more generous plenty than any other 

7?r^ i/y? 

fames Mtttk #lober 

)0 HISTORY of Spokane would be complete with- 

N|H out extended reference to James Nettle Glover who 
(pj as the first permanent settler, as the first merchant 
and as the promoter and supporter of many interests 
which in subsequent days have advanced the welfare 
and progress of the city well deserves to be known 
as "the father of Spokane." His life history in detail would prove 
as interesting as any wrought by the imagination of a writer of fiction. 
It would be the story of travel through the primeval forests, of dif- 
ficulties and dangers encountered and of obstacles overcome. More- 
over, settlement in a new country always calls out the resourceful- 
ness of the individual in meeting existing conditions. Mr. Glover 
was at all times ready for any emergency and on more than one 
occasion his quick wit and keen insight enabled him to master what 
seemed a difficult situation. Less than forty years have wrought the 
transformation that has developed Spokane from the tiny hamlet 
into the splendid modern city of the present day, and with this work 
Mr. Glover has been more or less associated. 

He was born in Lincoln county, Missouri, March 15, 1837, a 
son of Philip and Sarah (Koontz) Glover, who were of French and 
German ancestry respectively. They became pioneer settlers of 
Missouri when it was still under territorial rule, and were married 
there in 1818. The father, who was born in 1795 and was reared in 
Maryland, devoted his entire life to farming. He inherited a num- 
ber of slaves and took seventeen of them with him to Missouri in 1817, 
but becoming convinced of the injustice of holding human beings in 
bondage, he gave them their freedom in 1846. That he was a kind 
and tolerant taskmaster is indicated by the fact that one old negro, 
Travis Johnson, insisted on remaining with the family even after their 
arrival in Oregon, to which state they decided to remove after their 
eldest son, William, had already settled within its borders. In the 
early part of 1849, therefore, when James N. Glover was twelve 
years of age, they started from a place near Independence, Missouri, 
traveling with wagon and ox team which the negro Johnson drove. 
They were six months and one day upon the road, and after reaching 

!2 3famt& jfcttle blotter 

the northwest the father secured a donation land claim of six hundred 
and forty acres about five miles from Salem, in Marion county, Ore- 
gon. Immediately he undertook the task of developing a farm and 
thereon resided until his death, which occurred December 12, 1872. 
The negro to whom he had given his liberty was employed by his for- 
mer master to cut ten thousand rails and other service at times kept him 
busy and gave him a comfortable living. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Philip 
Glover eleven children were born of whom three sons and three daugh- 
ters are now deceased, while those still living are : James N., of this 
review; Philip, who is living in Oregon at the age of eighty -two years; 
Samuel, eighty years of age, living with his brother James in Spo- 
kane; Charles Peyton, a resident of Portland, Oregon; and John W., 
living in Spokane. 

The story of life upon the frontier is a familiar one to James N. 
Glover who shared with the family in the usual pioneer hardships and 
experiences. He remained with his father in Oregon until twenty 
years of age and in 1857 made his first business venture, taking a 
quantity of apples to the Yreka mining district in northern Cali- 
fornia. Not being able to dispose of them in the way anticipated, 
he rented a room and opened a fruit store, continuing at that place 
for a year. On selling out he returned to Oregon and during the suc- 
ceeding two years lived with his father, who worked at the carpenter's 
trade. He carefully saved his earnings and in the spring of 1862 
began operations in the mining districts of eastern Washington and 
northern Idaho, the labors of eight years bringing him fifteen thousand 
dollars. On the expiration of that period he became associated at Sa- 
lem, Oregon, with the Hon. Richard Williams, of Portland, and J. N. 
Matheny, of Salem, in the building and operation of the first steam 
ferry running between Marion and Polk counties in Oregon, and con- 
tinued in the business until 1872, when the property was sold. Mr. 
Glover was also engaged in shipping apples from Salem to San Fran- 
cisco and had been somewhat active in the public life of the city, serving 
as a member of the board of aldermen and filling the position of city 
marshal of Salem in 1868. In the spring of 1873 he left Salem, ac- 
companied by J. N. Matheny, and started for the Palouse and Spo- 
kane valleys, traveling by rail to Portland and thence by water to 
Lewiston, Idaho, where they arrived on the 2d of May. After pur- 
chasing two cayuse ponies and such outfit as they could strap to their 
saddles, they started out on an exploring expedition through the wild 
and undeveloped country. There was restlessness among the Indians 

3Famcg jgettle <&lober 13 

and in southern Oregon the Modoc war was in progress. For days 
they rode through the region known as the Inland Empire and only 
once in long distances would they come across an inhabited little log 
cabin. On hearing of Spokane Falls they made that their destina- 
tion, arriving on the 11th of May. They found two squatters, J. J. 
Downing and S. R. Scranton, both of whom were anxious to dispose 
of their property. Sometime before Mr. Downing had agreed to sell 
his squatter's rights to a man named Benjamin, who had paid four 
hundred dollars on the purchase price but was unable to complete the 
payment. Mr. Glover and Mr. Matheny offered Downing two thou- 
sand dollars to vacate and let them locate upon the land provided the 
first payment of four hundred dollars should go to Mr. Benjamin, that 
being the amount he had paid to Mr. Downing. The deal was at 
length arranged and upon that basis and then leaving Mr. Scranton 
in charge of the falls Mr. Glover and his companion returned to Ore- 
gon. They believed that there was opportunity for the establishment 
of a profitable business at this point and entered into partnership with 
C. F. Yeaton. Together the three men placed orders for all necessary 
machinery and with this returned to Spokane Falls on the 29th of 
July. In the meantime Mr. Scranton had become involved in some 
trouble with the officers of the law and was a fugitive, hiding in the sur- 
rounding country. Mr. Glover, who remained in Oregon for a time to 
settle up affairs there, arrived at the falls, on the 19th of August, 
traveling in a lumber wagon from Wallula Junction. Being told of 
Scranton's hiding place he met the man, purchased his squatter's right 
for two thousand dollars and thus gained clear possession to the falls. 
It was impossible to know if they on government land open to 
free settlement or on a section granted the Northern Pacific Railroad 
Company, for at that time no survey had been made. The sawmill, 
however, was built and kept in operation where the Phoenix Sawmill 
now stands, and Mr. Glover also opened a general merchandise store 
which was the first in this city, its site being the present location of the 
Windson building on Front avenue. When a squad of surveyors un- 
der government contract came to survey lower Crab creek and ran a 
base line to Spokane Falls Mr. Glover had the satisfaction of finding 
that he was in the section open for settlement. Some time afterward 
he built another store where the Pioneers block now stands, on the cor- 
ner of Howard and Front streets. Trading was carried on with the 
Indians and with a few white settlers who had ventured into this part 
of the country. Mr. Glover's partners became discouraged at the 
outlook and in 1876 he purchased their interests in the business and 

14 3Tameg fettle (gtotoer 

property so that he became the owner of one hundred and sixty acres 
situated in what is now the very center of the city, its boundaries being 
Sprague avenue on the south, Broadway on the north, Bernard street 
on the east and Adams street on the west. Up to that time no settlers 
had come to join him at Spokane, his former partner Matheny having 
gone to Utah and Yeaton to Oregon, and thus Mr. Glover was left 
alone at the falls. 

It certainly required a courageous spirit to face the conditions in 
which he found himself — solitary and alone — without any immediate 
indication that changes would occur leading to the upbuilding of a 
city or even a village in his vicinity. In June, 1877, the Nez Perces 
war broke out and in order to entice the young warriors of the Spo- 
kane tribe to join them a band of twenty-five or thirty Nez Perces 
came to the falls, camping near Mr. Glover's store and engaging in 
their war dance night after night. All of the white people of the 
surrounding country had gathered into the store for safety, sleeping 
on the floor and benches, and a number of settlers living at a point 
forty miles to the west made their way to "Big Island" where the 
Great Northern now stands. Mr. Glover watched the war dance for 
a few nights and, realizing that something must be done, he called a 
number of old Spokane Indians who had been trading with him for 
years and had a plain talk with them, reminding them of the Indian 
war of twenty years before, when Colonel Wright executed a number 
of their people, destroying their property and leaving them in misery 
from which they never recovered. Mr. Glover ended by telling the 
Indians that "if the visitors don't go away before the sun is over our 
heads (noon) I am in close touch now with the boys who wear the 
brass buttons." This had the desired effect and before noon of the 
same day the Xez Perces braves had gone to the gorges of the river. 
In intimating that he could summon the United States troops Mr. 
Glover felt it would strengthen his case but had no idea that the sol- 
diers were near, as it happened, however, that very day Colonel 
Wheaton of the regular army marched into the Spokane settlement 
with his entire regiment, and ever afterward the Indians accredited 
Mr. Glover with great foresight and knowledge. After a few weeks' 
stay here the troops, with the exception of Companies H and I, pro- 
ceeded to Palouse City. About the same time General Sherman 
passed through the Spokane settlement with his escort, on the way 
from Fort Benton to Vancouver, Washington, via Walla Walla, and 
was entertained by Mr. Glover who asked that the companies be re- 
turned here, and when General Sherman reached Walla Walla he 

3>atneg Jfcffle blotter 15 

gave orders for the troops to spend the winter at Spokane. In the 
following summer, 1878, the soldiers built Fort Coeur d'Alene, 
twenty-eight miles away, and as this furnished protection for the dis- 
trict, Spokane began to attract attention. 

In his business undertakings Mr. Glover prospered, for some 
years conducting a profitable trade with the fort. The real growth 
of the city, however, dates from the fall of 1879, at which time the 
Northern Pacific Railroad Company gave out the contracts for the 
extension of its line to Spokane. A construction train, the first to 
enter this place, arrived in June, 1882, and with the advent of the 
railroad the future of the city was assured, owing to its excellent lo- 
cation and the fact that the surrounding country could be profitably 
cultivated. During the early period of settlement Mr. Glover dis- 
posed of much his land at a very low figure, in some cases giving away 
lots to those who would build upon them. He gave forty acres to Fred- 
erick Post on condition that he would build a grist mill, and this site 
is now occupied by the building of the Washington Water Power 
Company. As early as January, 1878, he had caused the first survey 
of the town plat to be made, acting as chain carrier as there were not 
sufficient men in the neighborhood to do the work. Subsequently he 
named all the principal thoroughfares: Washington street, for 
George Washington; Stevens street, for Governor Isaac Stevens; 
Howard street, for General O. O. Howard; Sprague avenue, for J. 
W. Sprague, the general superintendent of the western division of 
the Northern Pacific Railroad; Post street, for Frederick Post; 
Monroe, Adams, Lincoln and Madison for the presidents; and Mill 
street because the first mill was erected thereon. 

As the city grew it naturally followed that Mr. Glover should 
have voice in its management, and in 1883 he was a member of the 
city council, while in 1884-.5 he served as mayor. Then again he was 
called to the council in 1898 and once more in 1902, so that he has 
taken an active part in shaping municipal affairs. His business, too, 
developed with the passing years and for a considerable period he 
continued in merchandising. In November, 1882, upon the incor- 
poration of the First National Bank of Spokane he was one of the 
principal stockholders and served as its president for ten years, but 
in the great financial panic of 1893 the bank was obliged to suspend, 
at which time it was estimated that the loss of Mr. Glover amounted to 
one million, five hundred thousand dollars, or twice as much as anv 
other citizen. The courageous spirit which he had ever manifested 
throughout the period of his residence in the northwest did not desert 

16 Sfamz* j%ettle <glober 

him now, nor did he lose faith in the city and its future, and it is a 
pleasure to his many friends to know that in the intervening years to 
the present time he has regained substantial property interests and 
now has good realty holdings that return to him a gratifying annual 

Mr. Glover was married in Spokane to Miss Esther Emily 
Leslie, a daughter of Samuel C. Leslie. He was the first Mason of 
Spokane, and is a Knight Templar, while in the Scottish Rite he has 
attained the thirty-second degree. He belongs to the Spokane Club 
and to the Chamber of Commerce. He practically bore all the ex- 
pense of building the First Episcopal church and many other 
churches are greatly indebted to him because of his donation of land 
or generous contribution in money. He has been most liberal in his 
gifts to the Orphanage Home, to the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation and to various charitable and benevolent works, and in fact 
it would be difficult to name any department of activity which has 
been of real benefit to Spokane that has not profited by his coopera- 
tion, encouragement and support. As long as the city stands the 
name of James Nettle Glover should be honored, for with wonder- 
ful prescience he foresaw the future and recognized the possibilities 
of the district, and with unfaltering faith labored to promote the in- 
terests and upbuilding of this section. Thus today he manifests a 
contagious enthusiasm regarding the northwest and in as far as pos- 
sible enters into every project for the public good with zest and zeal. 


folj CP<CK 


James; 4B. Comstocfe 

JAMES M. COMSTOCK, whose life history consti- 

Jwa tutes a most creditable chapter in the trade annals of 
r£j Spokane, is now well known in business circles here, 
$^5 as vice president of the Spokane Dry Goods Com- 
pany and president of the Dry Goods Realty Com- 
pany. It may seem trite to those famihar with his 
life history to say that he has advanced from a humble position to 
one of prominence in the business world, but it is only just to record 
in a history that will descend to future generations, that his has been 
a record which any man might be proud to possess. He has never 
made engagements that he has not kept, nor incurred obligations 
that he has not met, and his record at all times commands the admira- 
tion and respect of colleagues and contemporaries. 

Mr. Comstock is numbered among the worthy citizens that New 
York has furnished to the state of Washington, his birth occur- 
ring in Rome, September 6, 1838, and in 1846, he accompanied 
his parents, George and Eliza (Paine) Comstock, on their removal 
to Wisconsin, which at that time was largely an undeveloped 
wilderness. The family settled in Summit township, Waukesha 
county, and there amid the usual scenes and conditions of pioneer 
life James M. Comstock was reared, pursuing his early education 
in the district schools and aiding in the work of the home farm 
through the summer months. He later had the advantage of 
educational training in Carroll College at Waukesha and when the 
Civil war broke out he enlisted in the First Wisconsin Cavalry, 
which he joined on the 14th of August, 1861, his service cover- 
ing three and one-half years. He went to the front as a private 
and was mustered out with the rank of captain. He did duty as 
provost marshal on the staff of General E. M. McCook, of the First 
Division Cavalry Corps, Army of the Cumberland, at the battle of 
Chickamauga. Later he participated in the winter campaign in east- 
ern Tennessee, in which righting occurred nearly every day. In Feb- 
ruary, 1864, he was sent with about two hundred and fifty men from 
east Tennessee over the Blue Ridge mountains into the valley of the 
Hiwassee river to the town of Murphy, located in the southwestern 

20 Jatneg iff. Comgtotfe 

part of North Carolina, and from there he was sent to old Fort Hem- 
bries for the purpose of gathering up Confederates on furlough. 
The command then returned to east Tennessee and joined Sherman's 
army on the campaign to Atlanta and remained with that command 
until the surrender of Atlanta. During this campaign he partici- 
pated in the battles of Buzzards Roost, Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw 
Mountain and Peach Tree Creek. He accompanied General McCook 
on his raid to the rear of Atlanta and after that movement was com- 
missioned by General George H. Thomas to return to Nashville, 
Tennessee, and reorganize, mount and equip all of the dismounted 
cavalry to be found in that locality. He had succeeded in getting 
about two hundred men when the Confederate general, Joe Wheeler, 
came up to a point within six miles of Nashville and for a period of 
twenty days kept the whole northern force chasing him until they 
finally succeeded in driving him across the Tennessee river. Mr. 
Comstock's command then returned to Nashville but shortly after- 
ward the Confederates, under the command of General Forrest, made 
another raid into the southern portion of the state and again the 
Union troops drove them back into Alabama. Mr. Comstock next 
rejoined his regiment at Cartersville, Georgia, whence he was sent to 
Louisville, Kentucky, where the term of his enlistment expired in 
December, 1864. He then returned to his Wisconsin home and in 
January, 1865, reenlisted and was recommissioned captain of Com- 
pany F of the First Wisconsin Cavalry. He then went to Nashville 
but was unable to join his regiment, which was on campaign duty in 
Alabama and Georgia. 

When mustered out at the close of the war Captain Comstock 
settled at Oconomowoc, Wisconsin, where he carried on general mer- 
chandising until 1872. He then removed to Algona, Iowa, and con- 
tinued in that business for eighteen years, during which period he 
took a very prominent part in the affairs of the city, serving for a 
number of years as a member of its council, while for one term he 
filled the office of mayor. He also acted as a member of the school 
board until he left Iowa, about 1890, and was for years president of 
the Northern Iowa Normal school, which was located at Algona. 

Mr. Comstock first visited Spokane in 1884 as the guest of A. M. 
Horton, who was then editor of The Chronicle. In January, 1889, 
he again reached this city, arriving at about 11 o'clock in the morn- 
ing. Before 4 o'clock in the afternoon of the same day he had pur- 
chased property on Main street, having determined to locate per- 
manently. In July of the same year he returned here, bringing with 

ffamefl jffl. Comgtocfa 21 

him R. B. Patterson, with whom he had formed a partnership under 
the firm style of Comstock & Patterson. They opened a retail dry- 
goods store, renting a room in the Crescent building, on Riverside 
avenue, just east of the Review building. Their entire stock was 
placed in the new building on the evening of August 3, 1889, and on 
the next day the entire business section of the city was destroyed by 
fire. The flames advanced to within a block of their new store and 
were there checked, leaving the establishment of Comstock & Patter- 
son as the oidy dry-goods store in the city. The business grew very 
rapidly, the firm prospering in their undertakings, and as the coun- 
try developed they extended the scope of their activities by the estab- 
lishment of a wholesale department. In 1904 the Spokane Dry 
Goods Company was organized and took over the entire business, Mr. 
Comstock remaining as vice president of the company. The retail 
branch is conducted under the name of The Crescent and is one of 
the most complete department stores in the west. From the begin- 
ning the project has proven a remunerative one and at the present 
writing they are erecting a large addition to the retail store. The 
Spokane Dry Goods Company also has a mammoth wholesale build- 
ing of its own on the railroad tracks, erected a few years ago. The 
labors of Mr. Comstock have constituted a most important element 
in the growth and expansion of the trade, for his judgment is sound, 
his sagacity keen, and his industry and enterprise unfaltering. The 
officers of the Spokane Dry Goods Company are also the owners of 
the Dry Goods Realty Company, which owns and controls all of the 
property and buildings of the former organization. 

On the 29th of March, 1866, Mr. Comstock was united in marriage 
to Miss Elizabeth Annis, a daughter of Chauney L. and Lydia 
(Allen) Annis, of Oconomowoc, Wisconsin. They have two chil- 
dren : Josie, the wife of Eugene A. Shadle, of Spokane, and May, at 
home. Mr. Comstock finds pleasure and recreation in several frater- 
nal associations. He is a past commander of Sedgwick Post, G. A. R., 
and was assistant acting adjutant general of the department of Wash- 
ington and Alaska, under Commander Norman Buck, in 1896. He 
is also president of the Northwestern Veteran's Association and he 
belongs to Tyrian Lodge, No. 96, F. & A. M. His religious faith is 
that of the First Unitarian church, in which he has served as a trustee 
for more than twenty years. The worth and value of his public serv- 
ices in Spokane are widely acknowledged. He served as a member 
of Spokane city council from May, 1894, to May, 1899, and during 
that time was president of the council for three years. Mr. Com- 

22 Jameg Jtt. Comatotfe 

stock was a persistent advocate of the use of water meters from the 
time he entered the city council to the close of his administration as 
mayor, in fact was almost absolutely alone in the advocacy of the use of 
meters for a number of years. At the present time the city council 
have adopted what Mr. Comstock advocated at that time and have 
come to see the wisdom and advantages of installing such a system. In 
May, 1899, he was elected mayor for a term of two years, during which 
period he instigated and, through his intelligent and persistent efforts, 
completed many improvements, such as paving Sprague and First 
avenues and the following streets from the Northern Pacific right of 
way to the river, Monroe, Lincoln, Post, Wall and Stevens, River- 
side avenue having been paved while he was president of the council. 
The water system was greatly improved and enlarged during this 

In 1910, accompanied by Mrs. Comstock and their daughter, he 
spent three months in Japan, studying the agricultural, economic, 
manufacturing and financial interests of the empire. During that 
time they visited all of the leading cities from Nagasaki on the south 
to Nike on the north. In his travels through Japan, Mr. Comstock 
noted especially the great advancement that nation is making, particu- 
larly in their economic, manufacturing, railroad and ship building 
interests. He found the Japanese a peaceful people and their history 
during the past four hundred years shows that they have had only 
two wars with foreign nations, one with China and one with Russia. 
In Mr. Comstock's opinion should trouble occur between the United 
States and Japan, it will be the fault of the United States govern- 
ment, as Japan's slogan is: "Peaceful commercial relation with all 

The family residence is at No. 1106 Ninth avenue and one of its 
attractive features is its large and well selected library. Mr. Corn- 
stock is a man of scholarly attainments and of much literary ability, 
and has delivered and prepared many lectures and readings. One in 
particular, a comparison between General Grant and Frederick the 
Great, has been delivered on many occasions and has awakened wide- 
spread attention throughout the country. He has also been a close 
student of Shakespeare for many years, devoting much time not 
only to the reading of the plays but to everything bearing upon the 
subject, and he claims, with many others, that Shakespeare never 
wrote what is accredited to him. His reading and study has at all 
times covered a wide range and on the social, political and economic 
questions of the day he keeps abreast with the best thinking men of 

lames ffl. Comstocfe 


the age. He finds his companionship among people of kindred tastes 
and interests. His career has heen remarkably successful, chiefly 
by reason of his natural ability and his thorough interest in a busi- 
ness in which as a young tradesman he embarked. There is one point 
in his career, covering twenty-two years in Spokane, to which all the 
old settlers refer, and that is whether as a wholesale merchant or in 
other relations of life, Mr. Comstock has always been the same genial, 
courteous gentleman, whose ways are those of refinement and whose 
word no man can question. 

Vvv, u^^g 

JHtcfjael iH Cotolep 

jICHAEL M. COWLEY, a retired capitalist, is one 
of the best known men in eastern Washington, and 
the consensus of public opinion places him in a prom- 
inent position among those whose lives have won for 
them the respect, good-will and confidence of their 
fellowmen. He has remained in the Pacific coast 
country since the spring of 1862 and for some years prior to that 
time was a resident of the west. He has thus long lived in a district 
where men are rated not by wealth but by worth and where the oppor- 
tunity is open for each individual to prove his worth. Coming to 
America practically empty-handed, he advanced step by step, as the 
way was open. He always watched for favorable opportunity and 
in the later years of his business activity he was a prominent figure in 
banking circles in Spokane. He now resides at 1128 Pearl street, 
and the fruits of his former toil supply him with all of the comforts 
and some of the luxuries of life. 

The family name indicates his Irish nativity and ancestry. He 
was born in Rathdrum, County Wicklow, Ireland, May 9, 1841, his 
parents being Hugh and Bridget (Byrne) Cowley. The father was 
the owner of general mercantile stores in several different localities 
of that country and won success through well directed business inter- 
ests. A love of adventure and the opportunities which he believed 
were to be secured in the new world led Michael M. Cowley to leave 
the Emerald isle when fifteen years of a&e and embark on a sailing 
vessel for America, where he arrived after a voyage of forty-nine 
days. He landed at New York city and proceeded thence to Roches- 
ter, New York, where he was employed by a relative in a grocery 
store at eight dollars per month. Two years were thus passed and 
he then started for California but as his funds were not sufficient to 
carry him all the way he proceeded only as far as Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas, where a United States military expedition was outfitting for the 
reinforcement of General Albert Sidney Johnston in the suppression 
of the Mormon disturbances. Mr. Cowley entered as teamster and 
was later given clerical work in connection with the expedition, while 
subsequently he was promoted to a position in the sutler's department 
at higher wages. He thus traveled across the plains and over the 

28 jflitftael jW. Cototep 

mountains with the expedition to Benicia, California, and as the orig- 
inal object of the trip had been accomplished the troops were sent to 
different posts in the west. Mr. Cowley was sent to Bead's Crossing 
in Colorado, afterward Fort Mojave, and remained in charge of the 
sutler's stores until the outbreak of the Civil war in 1861. 

Mr. Cowley permanently took up his abode on the Pacific coast 
in the fall of that year, settling at Portland, Oregon, and in the spring 
of 1862 went to a mining camp at Florence, Idaho, where he engaged 
in mining until the early part of 1864. He also followed merchandis- 
ing at Wild Horse Creek, in the Kootenai mining regions, and at 
Bonner's Ferry, Idaho. On the 4th of July, 1872, he settled at Spo- 
kane Bridge on the Spokane river, about seventeen miles east of the 
falls, the place being then known as Kendall's Bridge, and later as 
Cowley's Bridge. He continued to conduct a store at that place and 
at the same time operated the bridge and executed government con- 
tracts for furnishing supplies to Fort Coeur d'Alene. Mr. Cowley 
has been identified with the upbuilding of Spokane since the year of 
the great fire, entering financial circles here as cashier in the Traders 
National Bank. His capability for the management of important 
financial interests was soon manifest and after five years he was elected 
to the presidency of the bank in which he continued until 1906. when 
he resigned and retired from active life. He still remains a director 
of the bank, however, and president of the Savings society. 

Mr. Cowley was married to Miss Annie Connelly, who was born 
in Ireland and passed away in Spokane, November 24, 1907, leaving 
two daughters, Mary Frances and Eleanor B. The former is now 
the wife of J. F. Reddy, of Medford, Oregon, and has a son and two 
daughters, while Eleanor B. Cowley became the wife of James Smyth, 
of Spokane, and has one son and one daughter. 

Mr. Cowley belongs to the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, 
at Spokane, also to St. Aloysius church. He is one of the few men 
living who have been identified with the settlement of northeastern 
Washington and the region known as the Inland Empire from the 
earliest times. He belongs to the little group of distinctively repre- 
sentative business men who have been the pioneers in inaugurating 
and building up the chief industries of this section of the country. 
He early had the sagacity and prescience to discern the eminence 
which the future had in store for this great and growing district, and 
acting in accordance with the dictates of his faith and judgment he 
has garnered in the fullness of time the generous harvest which is the 
just recompense of indomitable industry, integrity and noteworthy 

(: ^Vmy^ /*yt«sy 



fame* Jitonagfjan 

INSEPARABLY interwoven with the history of 
Spokane is the name of James Monaghan, who 
from the time that he first arrived here in frontier 
days down to the present time, has left his impress 
upon the substantial development and upbuilding 
of the western empire. Today he is a leading factor 
in financial circles and at different times he has been closely associated 
with the mining interests and railroad building of the northwest. 
His birth occurred in Belturbet, Ireland, September 22, 1839, his 
parents being Jolm and Mary Ann (O'Riley) Monaghan of that 
place. He was the youngest of three children and was only three 
years of age when left an orphan. He afterward made his home with 
his maternal grandparents until seventeen years of age, when the 
interesting reports which he heard concerning the United States led 
him to sever home ties and cross the Atlantic to the new world. He 
took up his residence with his brother, a New York physician, with 
whom he remained for some time but he heard the call of the west 
and in 18.58 made the trip to the Pacific coast by way of the isthmus 
of Panama, reaching Vancouver on the Columbia river in May. His 
financial condition rendered it imperative that he gain immediate em- 
ployment and he secured a position in connection with the operation 
of a ferry on the Des Chutes river near The Dalles, Oregon. He 
was also employed in connection with the sailboats of the Upper 
Columbia, which in those days controlled the traffic, and he secured 
a position on the Colonel Wright, which was the first steamboat that 
sailed on the Columbia from Wallula to Calilo. He was also con- 
nected with the operation of a ferry across the Spokane river about 
twenty-one miles below the present city of Spokane, and finally pur- 
chasing it, continued in that business until 186.5, when he built the 
bridge over the river, which is now known as the La Pray bridge, 
named in honor of Joseph La Pray, who purchased it from Mr. Mon- 
aghan. While thus engaged Mr. Monaghan planted the first apple 
trees in Spokane county. His name is associated with many of the 
"first events" and his labors have given impetus to various lines of 

32 James; Jtlonaghan 

activity which have constituted the foundation upon which the pres- 
ent progress and prosperity of the city and county rests. 

Since first coming to Washington Mr. Monaghan has spent prac- 
tically his entire time in this state. In 1869 he became identified with 
the business interests of Walla Walla and while living there in 1871, 
was married. Immediately afterward he removed to what is now 
Chewelah, in Stevens comity, although at the time there was no town 
and the work of settlement had scarcely been begun in that part of 
the state. He purchased land from the Indians and conducted a trad- 
ing business, ultimately founding the town. In 1873 he became a 
merchant of Colville, then the principal town of northeastern Wash- 
ington and also secured the government contract for handling mails 
and furnishing supplies to the troops. His activity later included pub- 
he service of an important character. He filled the office of county 
superintendent of schools, county commissioner and justice of the 
peace, discharging his duties with a promptness and fidelity that won 
him the commendation of all concerned. He also made arrange- 
ments with the quartermaster's department for moving supplies and 
equipment from Colville down the Columbia river to Foster Creek, 
now Bridgeport. When the survey of the river was made by Lieu- 
tenant Symonds, of the United States army, the name of Monaghan 
Rapids was given to that portion of the stream near the mouth of the 
Nespelem river. He made the transfer of the government property 
and supplies from the army camp at Lake Chelan across the coun- 
try to the site of Fort Spokane, and finding Walla Walla a more 
convenient place from which to conduct his business operations he 
removed his family to that city, which had been the early home of 
his wife. The frontier post of Spokane was established in 188*2 and 
Mr. Monaghan became the post trader, and at the same time be- 
came associated with C. B. King. Both were equally interested; 
Mr. Monaghan conducted the store at Fort Spokane and Mr. King 
the store at Fort Sherman, on Lake Coeur d'Alene. In 1883, fol- 
lowing the discovery of the mines, he was associated with Mr. King 
and others in putting on the first steamers on the Coeur d'Alene and 
also laid out the city of that name. The following year they built 
the first wagon road from Kingston to the Murray mining camp and 
also made the original survey for an electric road from Coeur d'Alene 
to Spokane. Selling his interests to D. C. Corbin and others in 1886, 
Mr. Monaghan then returned to Spokane, where the family home 
has since been maintained, although at different times business in- 
terests have called him into other districts. He was one of the or- 

Jameg Jflonaghan 33 

ganizers of the corporation which in 1888 began the building of the 
Spokane Falls & Northern Railway, having the line surveyed the 
following year, after which Mr. Monaghan sold his interest to Mr. 
Corbin. He was also one of the original owners of the Cariboo Gold 
Mines in British Columbia, personally superintending the work and 
was president of the company until 1898, when he sold his stock. The 
financial panic of 1893 caused him severe losses but with indomitable 
courage and energy he has recovered from these and is today one 
of the substantial citizens of Spokane, where in financial circles he 
is well known as a director of the Union Trust Company and also 
of the Traders National Bank. 

It was on the 30th of November, 1871, in Walla Walla, that Mr. 
Monaghan was married to Miss Margaret McCool, a daughter of 
Robert and Margaret McCool, and a native of Donnamore, County 
Donegal, Ireland. She was born August 12, 1852, and her death 
occurred in Spokane, April 22, 1895, her loss being deeply deplored 
by many friends as well as her immediate family, for her attractive 
social qualities and kindly spirit had endeared her to all who knew 
her. Mr. and Mrs. Monaghan were the parents of six children: 
John Robert, born in Chewelah, March 26, 1873, and who died near 
Apia, Samoa, April 1, 1899; Margaret Mary, whose birth occurred 
in Colville, January 31, 1876; Ellen Rosanna, who was born at Fort 
Spokane, November 12, 1885. James Hugh, who was born in 
Spokane November 10, 1888; Agnes Isabel, born November 9, 1891, 
in Spokane; and Charles Francis, who was also born in this 
city, August 12, 1894. 

In the development of Spokane James Monaghan has taken a 
most active and helpful part and is still alert to the opportunities of 
promoting the growth and substantial improvement of the city. He 
was one of the fifteen freeholders who drafted the new charter of 
Spokane in 1891 and was chosen city commissioner. He came to the 
west when the Indians were more numerous than the white settlers, 
when hardships and dangers were the lot of every pioneer but he 
recognized the opportunities of the new country with its undeveloped 
resources and taking advantage of these he has steadily advanced 
in the business world, making a most creditable record in the manage- 
ment of his affairs and in the attainment of success as the years have 
gone by. At the same time he has been closely associated with the 
public life of the community in the support of projects and measures 
for the general good and he stands today as one of those sturdy 
citizens who have been the builders of the great state of Washington. 


^ynuu-^ id^ 

(/ c 


3fofm Robert Jfflonagfjan 

18^^18 CRISIS evei * tends to brin M' out the true character- 
^2 Si 2 istics of an individual : it will show the weakness of 

^2 /\ ^2 one ana " tn e strength of another, for the sj>irit of 
Cy * ■> CO courage responds wherever there is need. We are 
jta JS^fc^SK uC ' e< ^ *° * n ' s t ,ram of reflection through contemplating 
the life record of John Robert Monaghan, whose 
valor and nobility of character have placed his name on the roll of 
heroes of whom America has every reason to be proud. He had been 
reared upon the frontier where men were rated by their true worth 
and where the best and strongest in men is brought out and devel- 
oped. His birth occurred at Chewelah, Stevens county, Washington, 
March 26, 1873, his parents being James and Margaret (McCool) 
Monaghan, of whom mention is made elsewhere in this volume. His 
parents desired to give him superior educational advantages under the 
auspices of the church to which they belonged, but the facilities for 
Catholic instruction were limited in Washington in those days, so that 
the boy at the age of eleven was sent to the school of the Christian 
Brothers — St. Joseph Academy, at Oakland, California. He at- 
tended that school and also another brothers' school in Portland, Ore- 
gon, until the Jesuit Fathers established Gonzaga College in Spo- 
kane in 1887. He was then enrolled as one of the first eighteen 
students and after four years spent in that institution he took the ex- 
amination held in Spokane in 1891 for the Military Academy at West 
Point and the Naval Academy at Annapolis, receiving the highest 
percentage in each of these examinations, so that he was entitled to 
make his choice of appointments. Although it was his original wish 
to go to West Point, he generously waived that preference in favor 
of the next applicant, the son of an old army officer who heartily de- 
sired the appointment. 

John R. Monaghan then entered the Naval Academy, from where 
he was creditably graduated in 1895, being the first representative of 
the many from the state of Washington to graduate from that school. 
His experiences as a member of the navy were interesting and varied 
and were notable by reason of his unfaltering loyalty to duty on every 
occasion and in every situation. He first went upon a two years' 
cruise in the Pacific on the flagship Olympia, during which time he 
visited the Hawaiian Islands, Japan, China and other ports in Asia. 

38 3fotm Ifrotiert Jtlonagftan 

Later he received his commission as ensign and was assigned to the 
Monadnock and afterward to the Alert, both also of the Pacific 
squadron. On the latter vessel in the fall of 1897 and the early part 
of 1898 he made two successful voyages to Central American ports, 
engaged in survey work in connection with the proposed Nicaragua 
canal. After being transferred to the Philadelphia he participated 
in the ceremonies at Honolulu, attending the annexation of the 
Hawaiian Islands, in August, 1898. He next made a brief cruise in 
Central American waters but returned in January, 1899, and an- 
chored in the harbor of San Diego, California. 

While there Mr. Monaghan was visited by the members of his 
family. Some time before his father had urged him to leave the navy 
and engage in business, but the Spanish war was then in progress and 
he felt it his duty to continue in the service. Again reaching San 
Diego the father urged him to resign, but at this junction came the 
news of serious troubles in Samoa, affecting American interests, and 
the Philadelphia was ordered to proceed thither with all dispatch. 
Reaching Apia early in March, it was found that the situation was 
an acute one, the two rival chieftains, Malietoa and Mataafa, con- 
tending for supremacy. The three signatories to the Berlin agree- 
ment, respecting Samoa, the United States, England and Germany, 
were all represented by warships in the harbor. The decision of the 
American and English commanders made Malietoa king, and Ma- 
taafa was ordered to disperse his forces but defied the injunction and 
continued hostilities. Troops were accordingly landed from Amer- 
ican and English ships, and on the 15th of March a bombardment was 
begun which lasted intermittently for two weeks, but had only slight 
effect, the enemy retiring into the bush. On the 1st of April a con- 
certed movement was made by the allied land forces, Lieutenant 
Lansdale of the Philadelphia commanding the American party with 
which Ensign Monaghan had been serving since it had been put 
ashore. The march was through a densely wooded country, where 
Mataafa's men were in ambush in large numbers. The following ac- 
count of this encounter has been given: "Under a deadly fire which 
could not be replied to with advantage, especially as the only piece 
of artillery (a Colt automatic gun) brought by the marines had be- 
come disabled, a retreat was sounded. While this was in progress 
Lansdale received a wound in the leg, shattering the bone. In the 
confusion of the retreat he had been left in the rear, with only Mon- 
aghan and three or four privates. He was carried some distance, 
when one of the privates was shot to death, and soon afterward the 

3fofjn Robert Jfflonaghan 39 

others fled, leaving Monaghan alone with him. Although urged 
repeatedly by Lansdale to save himself (as testified by the last of 
the men to leave), he steadily refused and stood his ground, await- 
ing assistance. Presently others who had been in the rear came up 
and in their turn departed. The next day the bodies of Lansdale 
and Monaghan were found lying together in the jungle. Captain 
White of the Philadelphia in his official report wrote: 'It is in evi- 
dence most clear that when Ensign Monaghan discovered that Lieu- 
tenant Lansdale was wounded he used his best endeavors to convey 
him to the rear and seizing a rifle from a disabled man made a brave 
defence; but undoubtedly he fell very shortly after joining Lansdale, 
and the hostiles, flushed with success, bore down on our men in this 
vicinity. The men were not in sufficient numbers to hold out any 
longer and they were forced along by a fire which it was impossible 
to withstand. But Ensign Monaghan did stand. He stood stead- 
fast by his wounded superior and friend, one rifle against many, brave 
man against a score of savages. He knew he was doomed. He could 
not yield. He died in the heroic performance of duty.' " 

The remains of Ensign Monaghan were brought back to the 
United States on the Philadelphia and interred in Spokane, where 
every honor was paid his memory. On the 25th of October, 1906, 
a bronze statue was unveiled in Spokane, by his sister, Agnes, which 
was given by the citizens of the state of Washington. The torpedo 
boat destroyer which was launched February 18, 1911, was named in 
honor of Ensign Monaghan and his sister, Xellie, christened the boat. 
A life of great promise was terminated when in that tropical coun- 
try he closed his eyes forever in death, after displaying a heroic 
devotion to his commander and to the cause which he served that is 
unsurpassed in the history of military action among American troops. 
It has been said that "Memory is the only friend that grief can call 
its own." It is indeed a precious memory that remains to the par- 
ents, for there was never a blot on his scutcheon, and the story of 
his heroism may well serve as an inspiration to the American youth. 

Rev. PL L. McCulloch, S. J., has recorded the life history in a 
book, which he wrote and published and following we quote some of 
the excerpts: 

Father Forestier says : "During this war many events have caused 
us pain and grief and many a wound has been left on our hearts, but 
perhaps the one we have felt most acutely and which is the most in- 
delible is the death of Ensign Monaghan." 

Cadet Sweet says: "Monaghan's death is especially a personal 

40 3foftn &obett Jflonagfjan 

loss to me, as we had been close companions in these trying events. 
I have lost a brother, tried and true." 

Mr. Justice Gordon, speaking at Olympia, in Robert's native 
state, on the Fourth of July, exclaimed: "You will search history in 
vain for the record of any act of bravery to excel that of Spokane's 
Ensign Monaghan at Samoa, presenting as it does to the world an 
object lesson in heroism and friendship. Such an act perfumes the 
pages of history and renders it enchanting, and wherever language 
is spoken or history is written, his name shall shine on, like the stars 
of God, forever and ever." 

Admiral B. H. McCalla, then captain, in the XI. S. Navy, renders 
a splendid tribute to our hero. At that time having been asked to 
tell of the most inspiring deed of ship or man that ever came to his no- 
tice, to stimulate interest in naval affairs, he said: "In reply I beg 
to state that I know of nothing finer, or more courageous, or more 
heroic, than the act of Ensign J. R. Monaghan, who on April 1st, 
last, while attached to the Philadelphia, and forming one of a land- 
ing force in Samoa, alone remained with his wounded commanding 
officer, and gave up his life in an attempt to rescue him from the 

Ex-Senator Wilson says: "The nobility of this young hero shone 
forth. In front of him was certain death. Behind him a sure avenue 
of escape. But at his side, begging him to save himself, while there 
was yet time, lay his superior officer and friend. He never wavered. 
His high sense of duty and that great moral courage with which he 
was endowed, would not permit him to desert his post in the hour 
of danger. Lieutenant Lansdale begged him to retreat and save 
himself. This he would not do, and bravely and manfully he stood, 
defending at the peril of his own young life, the fast ebbing life of 
his commander and friend. Calmly and deliberately he waited the 
onset of his savage foes, and with empty revolver and cutlass in hand, 
he died, as was his wish to die, with his face to the foe in defense of 
his friend, his flag, and his country." 

Father Paul Dethoor, S. J., says: "Ensign Monaghan shall live 
in the memory of America and England, in the memory of Gonzaga 
and Annapolis, and in the hearts of his countrymen. But our great- 
est consolation is, thanks to the Christian education given him by 
his parents and teachers, that his death crowned a life of unswerving 
fidelity to the principles and duties of his religion. We know that 
human glory can not reach beyond the grave, but that only a life of 
faith is available before God. Such was the life of voung Monaghan." 

- / <2//'Z^7- A. a^i 

Captain Samess <§raf)am 

IFTEN it has been said that death loves a shining 

OJ mark, and this finds its exemplification in the fact 
Mci that Captain James Graham was called from the 
'si scene of earthly activities when a comparatively 
young man of forty years. His career had been 
marked by steady and continuous progress resulting 
from the wise use of his time, his talents and his opportunities, and 
gradually he had advanced from a humble position in the business 
world to one of prominence, not only in the control of individual in- 
terests but also as a factor in public thought and opinion for he held 
advanced views upon many questions which are now regarded as of 
vital and significant interest in the history of the country. 

He was born December 25, 1866, in Crossreagh, County Mona- 
ghan, Ireland, and at the age of twelve years accompanied his parents 
to America. They made their way at once to the west, settling in 
Walla Walla, Washington, where they remained for a short time 
and then removed to Colville, this state. 

For a time Captain Graham was a mail carrier, his route being 
from Colville to Spokane, Washington, and then he entered the em- 
ploy of Louis Ziegler, a hardware merchant, securing this position 
through the influence of Ms uncle, James Monaghan, a very wealthy 
and influential resident of Spokane, who felt a deep interest in James 
Graham, his favorite nephew, with whom he largely took the place of 
father. After two years spent in the employ of Mr. Ziegler, Cap- 
tain Graham entered the service of his uncle, Mr. Monaghan, who at 
that time was a post trader at Coeur d'Alene. He served in various 
capacities, his constantly developing ability winning him recognition 
in successive promotions. He acted as purser on the boats on the 
Coeur d'Alene lake and river, and also had charge of the office at the 
old mission, looking after supplies sent to the army post and mines. 
He was at different times expert accountant for several mining com- 
panies as well as for S. S. Glidden and the Liebes of San Francisco. 

In 1894 Captain Graham was appointed registrar of the United 
States land office at Coeur d'Alene. a position which he held during 
the succeeding four years. During that time he devoted the hours 

44 Captain James grajmm 

which are usually termed leisure to the study of law, being advised at 
times concerning his reading by the Hon. Robert E. McFarland, who 
was then attorney general for the state of Idaho. Captain Gra- 
ham's preliminary education had covered perhaps not more than six 
months' instruction in the public schools. He was truly a self- 
educated as well as self-made man. He possessed a responsive mind 
and retentive memory, and from each experience of life learned the 
lessons it contained. Moreover, he read broadly and thought deeply, 
and thus laid the foundation for the study of law, displaying notable 
ambition and courage in his efforts to educate himself for the legal 
profession under circumstances and conditions which would have 
utterly disheartened many a man of less resolute spirit and determi- 
nation. In 1897 he was admitted to practice before the supreme 
court of Idaho and entered upon the active work of the profession in 
which he would undoubtedly have attained an eminent position had 
death not claimed him. In the year in which he began practice — 
1897 — he was appointed by Governor Stuenburg as one of the dele- 
gates to the Trans-Mississippi Congress. 

Captain Graham had already become prominent as a factor in 
political circles. It was but natural that a man of his temperament 
and studious disposition should become deeply interested in the po- 
litical situation and conditions of the country and take active part in 
support of such measures and movements as he deemed valuable fac- 
tors for public progress. He became one of the most notable cam- 
paign speakers of the northwest and often went outside the state 
limits in aid of his party. His appointment to the Trans-Mississippi 
Congress was in recognition of his broad knowledge of matters which 
would naturally come up for discussion there. The meeting was held 
at Salt Lake City, Utah, in July, 1897, on which occasion Captain 
Graham made one of the most notable speeches heard in the congress, 
in which he advocated reciprocity, to which at that time very little 
thought was given. On that occasion he said: "I have never been more 
impressed with the greatness of my country and the genius of its 
founders than when I look at this congress and reflect upon the vast 
area it represents — not a section, but an empire: a country greater in 
extent, more prolific in the possibilities of her productions, than the 
Roman empire at its extremist extent. I am also mindful of the fact 
that, had we clung with the pertinacity which it deserved to the line of 
54-40, embraced in the Louisiana purchase, instead of accepting the 
49th parallel, we now would have had the vast mineral region of 

Captain James Graham 45 

British Columbia. This empire was the result of a purchase of eleven 

"The relation that the Trans-Mississippi occupies, and particu- 
larly the state which I represent, to that disputed area north of the 
49th parallel and south of .34-40 is of peculiar moment. 1 verily be- 
lieve that had the genius of Jamestown landed in San Francisco bay 
and the genius of Plymouth Rock at the mouth of the Columbia, it 
would have been centuries before the settlers of America would have 
crossed the Sierras and the Rockies to settle the wastes and plains. 

"Nine years after '49 the sons of California were opening up to 
the world the interior of British Columbia, Cariboo and Fraser river. 
This influx showed the possibilities in the production of the precious 
metals, and the reflex led to the wonderful discoveries of Idaho, Mon- 
tana, Washington and eastern Oregon. I hazard the assertion that 
had it not been for these adventurers, the wonderful possibilities of 
that section would never have been shown to our cousins on the other 
side of the line marking British Columbia. 

"Our English cousins have, in my humble judgment, established 
a wise system of mining legislation, and have cut off that thing known 
as 'extra-lateral rights,' and every encouragement is given to the 
foreigner. The only requirement is that the prospector take out a 
free miner's license, costing five dollars, and renew it each year. 

"The result of this in the last four years has been astounding. 
From Trail to Kootenai and from the line to Cariboo the eye is every- 
where fretted with the mineral stake. The American miner has been 
everywhere. The minister of mines reports the silver production in 
British Columbia in 189.5 at $977,229 and in 1896 at $2,100,000, de- 
spite the low price. The copper in 189.5 was worth $47,642 and in 
1896 $169,926. Lead in 1896 amounted to $721,384, coal to $2,818,- 
962 and gold to $1,788,206. The influx of American capital and 
American miners in that region has increased the total value of all 
mining products from $2,608,608 in 1891 to $7,146,42.5 in 1896. All 
the large mines, the Le Roi, Slocan Star, the Reco and others are 
owned, opened and developed by Americans. In 1896 in Spokane, 
Washington, three hundred and sixty-three companies were organized 
with a total capital of $300,92.5,000 for operation in the mines of 
British Columbia, and Americans have put their capital into railroads 
and smelters there. 

"With this data, what is our true policy to this American section 
situated in a foreign country that should belong to us? What is the 
best policy to protect American rights and interests there? Our 

46 Captain 3fameg (graham 

English cousins mean to be just, but hostile legislation here brings re- 
taliatory measures there. Can we, or should we, place a high protec- 
tive tariff upon ores from that country which naturally seek an out- 
let through ours? 

"If a tariff is forced upon them they will retaliate with an export 
duty on the rich gold and copper ores, keeping them away from our 
smelters. Reciprocity should be cultivated, but under it we are 
stared in the face with the fact that our reciprocity can only be with 
England, which means that free trade with England would be ex- 
torted from us. Again, I cannot see where lead ores need any protec- 
tion. In the Coeur d'Alenes six miles, almost contiguous, produce 
more in tonnage and value of lead-silver ores than all of British 
Columbia, and I have never found how a tariff on lead has ever helped 
these people. In 1886 to 1889, without a tariff on lead, their ores 
brought six cents per pound; with a tariff of one and one-half cents, 
under Harrison, lead fell from three to four cents per pound. 

"As to our commercial relations: Our cereals and garden pro- 
duce these people must have, and a schedule of prices can be arranged 
under the genius of reciprocity. The whole policy is to avoid un- 
friendly relations with these peculiar people who are more of and for 
us than they are for the English or the English manufacturer. If, 
however, unfriendly legislation on our part should breed hostile legis- 
lation on theirs, and the miners' license should be abrogated, and 
Americans were compelled to abjure their allegiance in order to in- 
vest their money, let us remember that this energy would invite the 
adventurous to the fields south of the line under our own flag. 

"Let us frame those laws which will secure for us the realization 
of the 'manifest destiny' of the American people. Their destiny has 
guided them to the west, and the reflux has swept them north and 
south and will not be consummated until Columbia shall stand upon 
her own waterways through the isthmus in Central America and can 
claim in one vast homogeneous people the entire area from her water- 
way in the isthmus to 54-40." 

This speech of Captain Graham naturally drew to him the atten- 
tion and interest of prominent men throughout the country and would 
undoubtedly have paved the way to positions of high honor had he 
been spared to accept such. In the following year — 1898 — when the 
Spanish- American war broke out, his services were deemed so valu- 
able that he was tendered the office of major of the First Idaho In- 
fantry by Governor Stuenburg, but as he felt others were better quali- 
fied for the position than himself he declined to accept. He did, how- 

Captain 3fameg (graftam 47 

ever, accept the position of quartermaster for the regiment with the 
rank of first lieutenant, and after he had gained more experience in 
the field as a soldier in the Philippines, he was promoted to the cap- 
taincy of Company C, First Idaho Infantry, which position he was 
filling when mustered out of service. He was elected county attorney 
of Kootenai county, Idaho, in 1900, and acted in that capacity until 
he resigned because of failing health. Soon after his return from the 
Mar he became ill and did not again recover his health, passing away 
on the 15th of August, 1906. In the meantime he had resumed the 
practice of law and also conducted some business interests, purchas- 
ing the water and light plant at Coeur d'Alene, which he reorganized 
and established upon a profitable basis. 

It was on the 17th of February, 1896, in Spokane, Washington, 
that Captain Graham was married to Miss Teresa M. Kildea, a 
daughter of Patrick and Maria (Crowder) Kildea, of Fingal, On- 
tario, Canada. Mrs. Graham now occupies one of the handsome 
residences of Coeur d'Alene, commanding a charming view of Coeur 
d'Alene lake. The place is called Villa Glendalough, after a famous 
villa in County Wicklow, Ireland, the birth place of her mother. 

Captain Graham was a member of the Elks Lodge, No. 228, of 
Spokane, and also held membership with the Catholic Order of For- 
esters at Walla Walla. His life was notable in its devotion to public 
and private duties. Unassuming in manner he was neither flattered 
by the honors of public office nor tempted by its emoluments, pre- 
ferring the more familiar duties within the range of his accustomed 
activities. On one occasion he was nominated by acclamation as 
democratic candidate for congress, but declined to make the race, 
feeling he could serve his own and the people's interests better at 
home. He was endowed by nature with keen mentality, but the de- 
velopment of his powers was due to his own ambition and utilization 
of every opportunity that presented itself. There were in him the 
qualities which enabled him to overcome difficulties and obstacles and 
make continuous advancement, actuated by a laudable ambition that 
recognized the obligations of the individual to choose only those 
things which are most worth while and which renders the life of each 
one of greatest service in the world's work. 



Hetote $. Harden 

il STORY in Washington is in the making. The great 

Hr^J broad valleys, fertile plains and mountain sides give 
r^K splendid opportunity for the development of every 
' branch of agriculture, commerce and mining and into 
this great district, rich in its natural resources, have 
come hundreds of enterprising, progressive men 
from the east, imbued with the purpose of wisely using the time and 
talents in the attainment of success through the development of the 
country. To this class belongs Lewis P. Larsen, a capitalist, and the 
founder and builder of the town of Metaline Falls. He was born in 
Denmark, March 7, 1876, and is a son of Anders and Petrea Larsen, 
who still reside in that country. He pursued his education in the 
schools of his native land, taking a technical course and in 189.5 he 
came to America, making his way to Salt Lake City. In that locality 
he spent about a year as cowboy on a ranch but later secured employ- 
ment in the mines of that region. His arrival in the Spokane country 
was in 1897, at which time he located at Wallace, Idaho. There he 
followed mining and was connected with the firm of Larsen & Green- 
ough, one of the prominent mining firms of the northwest. His 
early educational training has proven of immense value to him in the 
conduct of his business affairs in later life. His knowledge and 
capability soon won him recognition as an expert mining engineer and 
in 1900 he became connected with the Last Chance mine at North- 
port, Washington. In 1905 he discovered the deposits of cement rock 
at the present site of Metaline Falls and interested F. A. Blackwell 
and others in the undertaking, with the result that the Inland Portland 
Cement Company was organized, erected its building at a cost of one 
million dollars and is today supplying the needs of the entire Inland 
Empire in this particular. Theirs is the largest and most complete 
cement plant in the northwest. Its mills and buildings have a floor 
space of several acres and the plant is most thoroughly equipped with 
modern machinery and with all the facilities that promote the manu- 
facture and the interests of the trade. From the time of his discovery 
of the cement rock here Mr. Larsen has not only taken an active part 
in the upbuilding of the town but has been the prime spirit in founding 

52 &ctoig ffi. JLattitn 

and developing Metaline Falls. He has introduced the most progres- 
sive ideas, putting forth every effort in his power to make this an ideal 
western city. Its site is a notably beautiful one on a picturesque pen- 
insula at the confluence of Pend d'Oreille river and Sullivan creek 
and is the northern terminus of the Idaho & Washington Northern 
Railroad. The town lies at a level of one hundred feet above the river 
and has had a phenomenal growth since it sprang into existence dur- 
ing the summer of 1910. Thirty-five business houses are already in 
operation, two excellent hotels afford first-class accommodations and 
civic improvements are being promoted at a rapid rate. The general 
plan of the town was conceived by Mr. Larsen, owner of the town site, 
and it is laid out on strictly modern lines with a beautiful park system 
and playgrounds. It is supplied with electric lines, has a never failing 
supply of the purest water and there is now in process of erection a 
twenty-five thousand dollar school building. The natural contour of 
the town site lends itself to ideally arranged residence districts and a 
perfectly beautiful system of parks. On the entire west and north 
sides the park slopes to the very water's edge. In laying out the streets 
the utmost care has been given to preserving the natural beauty of the 
place. An electric light system has been installed and aside from 
being a director of the Inland Portland Cement Company, Mr. Lar- 
sen is now president of the Metaline Falls Water Company, also of 
the Larsen Realty Company, the Larsen Lead Company and The 
Lead & Zinc Company, all business enterprises of Metaline Falls. He 
has studied methods pursued in town-building elsewhere in the north- 
west, has improved upon plans previously followed by others and has 
avoided all that is likely to lead to difficulties. 

In 1906 Mr. Larsen was united in marriage at Port Carbon, Penn- 
sylvania, to Miss Bertha Brown, a daughter of George and Mary 
Brown, of that city. They now occupy a very beautiful home at 
Metaline Falls, which Mr. Larsen erected in 1910. He belongs to the 
Spokane Club and the Inland Club, also of Spokane. He has never 
held nor desired office, preferring to concentrate his energies upon his 
business affairs, which are of rapidly growing importance. The town 
which he has founded and which stands as a monument to his enter- 
prise and progressiveness is not only most beautifully situated but lies 
in the midst of a district of splendid natural resources and of agricul- 
tural possibilities. He displayed notable sagacity and foresight in 
choosing the location, and the business methods which he is pursuing 
insure the continual growth and prosperity of this new and enterpris- 
ing city of the northwest. 

dPJ^r J/o/f 

#ltber $all 

(2$LIVER HALL, who is now serving his third term 

OWj as state senator from this district, has been a resi- 
Wj dent of Colfax for the past thirty-four years. He was 
Ss§ born in St. Lawrence county, New York, on the 17th 
of February, 1852, and is a son of Luman and Lydia 
(Crossett) Hall, the father a native of Vermont 
and the mother of the state of New York. 

During the early childhood of Oliver Hall his parents removed 
to Canada, but subsequently located in northern Wisconsin. He be- 
gan his education in the common schools of Canada, and completed 
it in those of Wisconsin and of Mankato, Minnesota, where the 
family later resided. He terminated his school days at the age of 
eighteen years, in 1870, and thereafter gave his entire attention to 
farming. From then until 1876 he was associated with his father 
in agricultural pursuits in Minnesota, but in the latter year they 
came to Washington. When they first removed to this state they 
located in Seattle, where they resided for a year then came to Col- 
fax. Here the father and son engaged in the manufacture of 
wagons and buggies and also sleighs, this being the first industry 
of the kind north of the Snake river. This enterprise was operated 
under the firm name of L. Hall & Son until the father's death in 
1880, after which Oliver Hall conducted the business under his own 
name. Various activities engaged the attention of Mr. Hall during 
the pioneer days and in addition to the wagon and carriage business 
he also sold pumps and windmills from 1877 to 1900. Possessing 
much foresight and sagacity, he has always had the faculty of rec- 
ognizing and utilizing to his advantage opportunities not discernible 
to the less resourceful individual, and to this can be attributed much 
of his success. Agricultural pursuits have strongly attracted Mr. 
Hall for many years, and he is now devoting his time to farming 
and fruit growing. 

During the long period of his residence in Whitman county, Mr. 
Hall has taken an active and helpful interest in all public affairs, 
particularly those of a political nature. He casts his ballot for the 
men and measures of the republican party and for several terms was 

56 (glitter %>all 

a member of the Colfax council, while from 1894 to 1902 he was a 
member of the state senate from this district. His services in this 
capacity were rendered with a rare degree of efficiency, and were 
generally satisfactory to the community at large, so that in 1910 
he was again sent to the senate, his present term expiring in 1914. 
Here as elsewhere Mr. Hall has manifested the initiative and strong 
powers of organization and executive ability that have always char- 
acterized him in the direction of any undertaking. He was a most 
valuable acquisition to the commercial circles of Colfax during the 
early days, and to his perspicacity, resourcefulness and determina- 
tion of purpose can be attributed much of the development of that 
period. Fraternally he is affiliated with Hiram Lodge, No. 21, A. 
F. & A. M.; Colfax Chapter, No. 8, R. A. M.; and Colfax Lodge 
No. 4, K. P., of winch he is past grand chancellor and past supreme 
representative. He also belongs to the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, being past grand master and past supreme representative 
of this organization ; and he is a past dictator of the Order of Moose. 
He has been an enthusiastic member of the Colfax Commercial 
Club since its organization, and he is also affiliated with the Inland 
Club of Spokane. Enterprising and public-spirited, Mr. Hall is one 
of the popular men of the county, where by reason of his loyalty to 
his friends and the community, and his straightforward, upright 
transactions he is held in high esteem by all who know him. 

Cbtoarb Herbert Jamtesion 

HE history and development of a city depends upon 
its progressive merchants, manufacturers and pro- 
fessional men — those who capably control important 
business interests and at the same time cooperate in 
the upbuilding and benefit of the city at large. Of 
this class Edward Herbert Jamieson was a representa- 
tive. He ranked with the foremost business men of Spokane, was 
also classed with its public-spirited citizens and his investigation and 
research along various lines also won for liim qualification with the 
scientists of the northwest. There was much of interest in his life 
record which began at Ambala, in the British East Inches, January 
12, 1832, and closed at Spokane on the 21st of December, 1909. His 
parents were Jesse Mitchell and Elizabeth (McClary) Jamieson. On 
his father's side he was of Scotch and on his mother's of Scotch-Irish 
lineage. The former was sent as a Presbyterian missionary to In- 
dia and after twenty-five years devoted to preaching the gospel to 
the people of that district he brought his family to the United States, 
establishing his home in Monmouth, Illinois, in 1863. There he ac- 
cepted the pastorate of the First Presbyterian church and continued 
active in the ministry for a long period. 

While the family were residents of Monmouth, Edward Herbert 
Jamieson pursued his education there in the public schools and in 
Monmouth College, from which he was graduated with the B. A. 
degree in 1871, while three years later he received from his alma mater 
the Master of Arts degree. After his college days were over he spent 
some time in teaching school and was for several years principal of 
the high school in Keithsburg, Illinois. His early identification with 
business interests on the Pacific coast was in the capacity of educator, 
his first position being that of principal of the high school at San 
Jose, California. In the meantime he took up the study of law 
which he pursued in a thorough and systematic manner until admitted 
to the bar upon examination before the supreme court at San 
Francisco. In 1882 he removed to Spokane, the town, then in its 
infancy, containing only a small population yet having in its situation 
and natural resources the elements of its future greatness. He re- 


60 gbtoarb Herbert ffamiegon 

mained a resident of Spokane until called to his final rest, and during 
the early years of his residence here engaged in the practice of law. 
However, business interests gradually claimed his time and attention. 
He recognized and utilized the opportunities for judicious invest- 
ment in property and eventually putting aside his law practice en- 
tirely gave his attention to the supervision of his realty interests. At 
an early period of Iris residence in Spokane he erected several busi- 
ness blocks, two of which were destroyed by the fire of 1889. In 
1890 he erected the fine Jamieson building, at the corner of River- 
side avenue and Wall street, which is still one of the ornaments of 
this city. He also owned much land in the surrounding country and 
his residence and estate, "Five Pines," near Piedmont, on the Spokane 
and Inland Railroad, ranks as one of the finest private places in the 

Mr. Jamieson was first married to Miss Mattie A. Reid in 1876, 
who died in February, 1880, and they had one daughter, Mattie 
Mabel, who on September 7, 1904, married Norman Roscoe Totten, 
engaged in the real-estate business in Spokane. Two children were 
born to them, namely: Edward Jamieson Totten, born July 2, 1906; 
and Elizabeth M. Totten, born June 10, 1908. On July 4, 1881, 
Mr. Jamieson was united in marriage at Boonville, California, to 
Mrs. Ida (Hoag) Haskins, a daughter of Dr. M. R. and Laura J. 
(Morgan) Hoag. They were both pioneers of Ohio, having come 
from Connecticut at an early age with their parents. Dr. Hoag was 
a noted physician of Ohio, and practiced surgery and medicine for 
over forty years at Lodi, Medina county, Ohio. Five children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Jamieson. Josephine Janette, living at home; 
Edward H., also at home; Arthur M., who died in infancy; Evelyn 
Elizabeth, attending Wellesley College; and Irene Kathryn, attend- 
ing high school in Spokane. 

Mr. Jamieson was always regarded as a public-spirited citizen 
and his labors were an element for general progress and improvement 
although never in the path of office-seeking. He was especially in- 
terested in education and contributed liberally toward the establish- 
ment of Spokane College, serving as president of the college council 
at the time of his death. His own private library was one of the 
finest in the northwest and included many rare volumes, he being 
noted for his discriminating taste and appreciation as a collector. 
He was also a lover of nature and had comprehensive knowledge of 
botany. He was likewise fond of art, of music and of travel, and 
in fact was in close touch with all of those varied interests which are 

Cbtoarb Herbert Jamiegon 


uplifting and beneficial forces in life. His friendship was ever deep 
and sincere and his hospitality cordial. His political allegiance was 
given to the republican party save at local elections, where he cast 
an independent ballot. He was one of the organizers of the Pres- 
byterian church of Spokane and contributed liberally to its support. 
He was numbered among the few prominent business men who sur- 
vived the financial panic of 1893, retaining an untarnished name. 
His contribution to the world's work and progress was a valuable 
one. While he won success it was never gained at the sacrifice of 
others' interests and never to the exclusion of activity along those 
lines which take men from the more sordid field of business into those 
paths of life which mean advancement and improvement. He knew 
the joy of life because he chose the things which count for most in 
intellectual advancement and character development. 



lYRUS HAPPY, of Spokane, was born on a farm in 

C-.A Perry county, Illinois, near the present city of 
wi Duquoin, January 28, 1845, a son of Burgin and 
\5( Mary (Williams) Happy. Both his parents were 
natives of Kentucky, removing with their individual 
families to Illinois, where they were married. He 
was reared on the paternal farm, receiving in his early years only the 
educational advantages of a country log school, which he attended 
for three months in the winter seasons until the age of fifteen. Ow- 
ing to the absence of his elder brother in the army it then became 
necessary for him to devote his entire time to the work of the farm. 
In March, 1865, he enlisted, under the last call of President Lincoln, 
in Company K, Eighteenth Illinois Infantry, and he continued in 
the service until December of the same year, when he was mustered 
out with his regiment. 

After leaving the army Mr. Happy decided to complete his edu- 
cation and pursued studies in the academy at Duquoin, Illinois, and 
then in McKendree College at Lebanon, where he was graduated in 
the scientific course in 1869. He then went to Edwardsville, Illinois 
(the county seat of Madison county), studied law in the office of 
Gillespie & Springer, and in 1871 was admitted to the bar and em- 
barked in practice at that place. For some six years he was in pro- 
fessional partnership with Judge David Gillespie (his preceptor in 
the law), and subsequently, until 1891, he sustained the same relation 
with C. X. Travous, who had been a student in Mr. Happy's law 
office and became a practitioner of eminent ability and reputation, 
occupying at the time of his death, in 1908, the position of general 
counsel of the Wabash system of railroads. During his professional 
career of twenty years in Illinois Mr. Happy enjoyed substantial 
success and became known as one of the representative members of 
the bar. At all times interested in public questions and affairs, he 
took a somewhat active part in politics. As a young lawyer he was 
twice a candidate for county judge, but except on those occasions 
never ran for political office. In the campaign of 1876 he was a nom- 
inee for presidential elector on the republican ticket, which was sue- 

66 Cprug %appp 

cessful at the polls, and he joined in formally casting the vote of 
Illinois for Hayes and Wheeler. 

Owing to failing health, Mr. Happy determined to establish liim- 
self in the northwest and in January, 1891, removed to Spokane, 
where he has since resided and pursued his profession. He is known 
for exceptional conscientiousness and fidelity in his work, and for 
marked accomplishment and ability in certain technical branches of 
the law which in recent years have become of the very highest impor- 
tance throughout the northwestern country. Mr. Happy was among 
the first to foresee the peculiar demands that would be made upon 
the legal profession by the general process of irrigation; and in the 
department of irrigation law he is one of the foremost authorities 
and practitioners. 

His special interest in this direction was the outgrowth of exten- 
sive observation and study of the subject of irrigation as related to 
agricultural possibilities, and of an intimate personal connection with 
several vital undertakings. In 1902, in behalf of clients who had a 
large financial interest in an irrigation company in the Yuma valley, 
Arizona, he with his law partner devoted much attention to the con- 
cerns of that company. This led him to make an exhaustive study 
of irrigation questions and problems in their historical, legal and prac- 
tical aspects, and he traveled many thousands of miles in the United 
States and Mexico, examining the different systems in operation. As 
one of the legal representatives of the Yuma valley enterprise (known 
as the Irrigation Land & Improvement Company), he has partici- 
pated actively in the fight for it in the courts and before the United 
States department having jurisdiction of the matter against the prac- 
tically confiscatory policy of the United States Reclamation service — 
a contest attracting wide attention because of the governmental meth- 
ods involved. 

From his earliest residence in Spokane Mr. Happy took an active 
interest in projects for developing the natural resources of the sur- 
rounding country. It was generally believed that on account of the 
gravelly nature of the soil throughout the Spokane valley irrigation 
was impracticable on any basis of expectation of profit. On the 4th 
of April, 1901, W. L. Benham, a retired railroad man, filed articles 
of incorporation of the Spokane Valley Land & Water Company; 
and after making appropriations of water in the lakes around the 
valley, he constructed an irrigation canal through a section of land 
which he had acquired at Greenacres. "The experiment (we quote 
from a paper by Mr. Happy) demonstrated that the gravelly soil 
of Spokane valley makes the best irrigating canals and ditches that 

Cprua %appp 67 

can be made without concrete, and that the soil is as responsive to 
the intelligent application of moisture as any soil in the world." But 
it was exceedingly difficult to overcome the settled prejudice on the 
subject. In the critical emergency of the company Mr. Happy was 
one of the first to come to its support, and by his money, labor and 
influence greatly assisted it to become a success. After the retire- 
ment of Mr. Benham he was president of the company in the most 
critical period of its existence, shortly before it was sold to D. C. 
Corbin. He took a leading part also in promoting the success of 
tbe Spokane Canal Company, constantly rendering it most valuable 
assistance, and is still its legal adviser. He was one of the principal 
incorporators in the Methow Canal Company, in Okanogan county, 
served for some time as its president, and has always been its legal 
representative. In addition, his firm has charge of the legal interests 
of the Arcadia Land Company. 

To Mr. Happy the people of the Pacific northwest are largely 
indebted for the interest now being taken in apple culture on an ex- 
tensive and scientific scale. Convinced by his knowledge of the capa- 
bilities of the soil of the Spokane valley when subjected to intelligent 
irrigation that it offered special advantages for the culture of the 
apple, he became an enthusiastic advocate of that industry, and there 
is no man to whom a larger share of credit is due for the resulting 

As a citizen of Spokane he is known for high character and ideals 
and for active usefulness, both in connection with the general inter- 
ests of the community and in the private relations and influences of 
life. He is an accomplished and forcible speaker, and has written 
and published considerable on various topics, especially in relation to 
the substantial advantages and resources of the northwest. In pol- 
itics he has always sustained his relation with the republican party, 
contributing to its success by campaign speeches, though as in early 
life, declining to become a candidate for office. His law firm is 
Happy, Winfree & Hindman, in which W. H. Winfree and W. W. 
Hindman are associated with him. 

Mr. Happy married, in Edwardsville, Illinois, September 11, 
1879, Minna Mary Prickett, a daughter of John A. and Elizabeth M. 
Prickett. Their children are: Claudine Hunt, who married G. W. 
Kaufman, now of Marshfield, Oregon; Eloise, who wedded Seth 
Richards, a son of Henry M. Richards, of Spokane, Washington; 
Cvrus, Jr.; and John Harrison. 

7 /i^^,/d 

fton. fticimrfa p. pake 

JN THE pages of Washington's judicial history the 

OJ name of Hon. Richard B. Blake figures prominently 
W) by reason of his service as judge of the superior 
» court for the district comprised of Spokane and Ste- 
vens counties. He was ever a brilliant although un- 
pretentious member of the bar during the period of 
his connection with the profession here, his ability being widely rec- 
ognized by his colleagues and contemporaries in the practice of law. 
It was not alone, however, his high standing as an attorney but also 
his high character as a man and citizen that won for him the warm 
regard and honor in which he was uniformly held. He was born in 
Hendricks county, Indiana, March 14, I80O, and died on the 15th 
of June, 1900. His father, John Blake, was a prominent farmer of 
that county and upon the homestead farm the son was reared to the 
age of sixteen years, devoting the summer months to the work of the 
fields and the winter seasons to the acquirement of his education in 
the district schools. He afterward went to Danville, Indiana, where 
he pursued a preparatory course of study and then entered De Pauw 
University, from which he won his Bachelor of Science degree, being 
graduated from that institution in 1872. In the meantime he had 
also taken up the study of law and in October of that year was ad- 
mitted to the bar. He had previously completed the classical course 
in De Pauw University as a graduate of 1870 and in his college days 
became a member of the Phi Gamma Delta. 

Judge Blake entered upon law practice at Danville, becoming 
junior partner of the firm of Hogate & Blake, his associate in prac- 
tice being later a member of the supreme court of that state. For 
sixteen years Judge Blake continued a member of the Danville bar, 
making continuous advancement in practice and at one time holding 
the office of prosecuting attorney. The west with its growing oppor- 
tunities attracted him in 1888 and in that year he arrived in Spokane, 
where he opened a law office in connection with Colonel William M. 
Ridpath, with whom he practiced until October, 1889. In that year 
Mr. Blake was elected judge of the superior court for Spokane and 

72 %on. ftttftarb g. jjtefa 

Stevens counties and remained upon the bench for four years, his 
record as a judge being in harmony with his record as a man and 
citizen, distinguished by the utmost loyalty and by a masterful grasp 
of every problem presented for solution. In 1893 he resumed the 
private practice of law and became senior partner of the firm of 
Blake & Post, in which connection he practiced until his death. He 
possessed a keen, analytical mind and his presentation of his cause 
was ever characterized by clear reasoning, logical deduction and cor- 
rect application of legal principles. That he had the honor and 
respect of his fellow practitioners is indicated in the fact that he was 
called to the presidency of the Spokane County Bar Association and 
was elected vice president of the State Bar Association. His name 
was prominently brought forth in connection with the candidacy for 
governor on the silver republican ticket but he expressed his unwill- 
ingness to leave the active practice of his profession. His name was 
also mentioned in connection with supreme court honors and in 1896 
he was tendered the democratic nomination for mayor of Spokane 
but was unwilling to enter public life. He always regarded his pro- 
fession as his chief interest and was connected with much prominent 
litigation, including the case which H. T. Cowley brought against 
the Northern Pacific Railroad, in which Judge Blake acted as coun- 
selor for the plaintiff. The action was brought to determine the 
title of about one hundred and twenty acres of land and finally the 
case went to the supreme court of the United States, where a final 
decision was rendered in favor of Mr. Blake's client. 

On the 22d of December, 1874, in Danville, Indiana, Judge Blake 
was united in marriage to Miss Antoinette E. Moore, a daughter of 
Jacob K. and Phoebe Moore, both natives of Danville. They became 
the parents of two sons: Jacob M., who is a graduate of the Ann 
Arbor Law School and is now living in San Francisco; and Robert 
B., who was graduated from the Chicago University and is now a 
leading attorney of this city. The death of Judge Blake occurred 
in 1900 and in his passing Spokane lost a man whom she honored 
highly as a representative lawyer and citizen. He certainly deserved 
much credit for what he accomplished. He started out in fife with- 
out capital or assistance and won his way to a leading place as a rep- 
resentative of the Washington bench and bar. As his labors brought 
to him financial return he made extensive and judicious investments 
in real estate which netted him a handsome profit in later years. He 
held membership in the Vincent Episcopal church and in matters of 
citizenship could always be counted upon to further progressive pro- 

gton. jjfcjjatji jj. glafee 


jects for the public good. He possessed marked literary taste and 
was also a lover of music. He read broadly and made that which 
he read his own. His life record is worthy of stud}', showing the 
forcefulness of industry, persistency and honorable purpose. He 
was a man who in every relation of life was found faultless in honor, 
fearless in conduct and stainless in reputation. 


gubrep Hee OTfnte 

|j|UBREY LEE WHITE is one of the prominent and 
successful men of the Inland Empire who have grap- 
pled with big problems in finance, who have capably 
directed and managed mining and railroad interests 
and have won brilliant success in everything they 
have undertaken. Mr. Wliite has not specialized as 
many have done but has extended his efforts into mam- directions, 
finding ample reward in every line for his industry, perseverance and 
determination. Nevertheless business represents but one phase of his 
character and interests. Regarded as a citizen and in his social rela- 
tions he belongs to that public-spirited, useful and helpful class of 
men whose ambitions and desires are centered and directed in those 
channels from which flow the greatest and most permanent good to 
the greatest number. His civic pride has led to tangible efforts in 
all movements for the city 's progress and he has also been a pioneer 
in the development of irrigation interests, making personal sacrifice 
and devoting much time and money to bringing water to the arid 
lands, improving their productiveness and having, moreover, the satis- 
faction of seeing such districts reclaimed, becoming second to none 
in fertility in the world. Much of his work in behalf of Spokane has 
been in the direction of the "city beautiful." He has been a cooper- 
ant factor in the Municipal League and in kindred movements and 
marches in the front rank of those men who have upheld the welfare 
of the city and its people. 

Mr. White is a native of Houlton, Maine, born February 17, 1869. 
His father, George White, was a native of Xew Brunswick and died 
in 188.5, after having throughout his business life followed the occu- 
pation of farming. The well known "Guide to Plymouth" which 
gives a full account of the Pilgrim fathers and their descendants 
shows the name of White to be a corruption of the name Wise, which 
was of Holland origin. The family was established on American 
soil on Long Island and the great-great-grandfather of Aubrey L. 
White was an itinerant preacher and a loyalist who served as chaplain 
in King George's army. In recognition of his services to the crown 
King George gave him a grant of sixty acres of land in the Keswick 

78 gubrep TLtt W&fyitt 

district of New Brunswick which he afterward exchanged for prop- 
erty at Hodgdon, Maine, which his father owned. The Guide to 
Plymouth gives an account of Perigrine White, together with men- 
tion of the cradle in which he was rocked, for he was the first white 
child born on the American continent. The founder of this branch 
of the family was William White, who came from Plymouth as a 
passenger of the Mayflower. In the maternal line Aubrey L. White 
comes of English lineage. His mother, who bore the maiden name of 
Jane Maria Beardsley, was born in New Brunswick and died in 
1873. She was a daughter of Ralph Beardsley, who married a Miss 
Curry from Scotland. The grandfather, John Beardsley, was the 
fourth of the Johns of the family in direct line to become identified 
with the Episcopal clergy. Captain John Beardsley, the great- 
great-grandfather of Mrs. White, was in the English service with 
the troops of King George in the Revolutionary war and his brother, 
Levi Beardsley, was at one time lieutenant governor of the state of 
New York. 

Aubrey Lee White was one of a family of four daughters, all of 
whom are now deceased, and six sons, of whom five are yet living. 
His early education was acquired in the common schools of Houlton, 
Maine, and later he attended the Richer Classical Institute which was 
a preparatory school for Colby College. After leaving school he 
went to Woodstock, New Brunswick, where for eighteen months he 
was engaged in the furniture business but at the end of that time 
severed his trade relations with the east and made his way direct to 
Spokane, arriving in the fall of that year. Here he was first em- 
ployed by Arend & Kennard in the market business on Sprague av- 
enue where the book store of J. W. Graham now stands. He was 
with that house for four years, covering the period of the great fire, 
and when he left the establishment he resigned the position of man- 
ager of the book department to engage on his own account in partner- 
ship with Jay P. Graves in the mining business. Returning to the 
east Mr. White opened an office in Montreal, Canada, and became in- 
terested in the organization and development of the Old Ironside 
and Granby properties. For six years he remained in the east repre- 
senting the Spokane interests in the New York, Montreal and Phila- 
delphia offices. During the latter years of his residence in New York 
he was identified with Mr. Graves in interesting capital in the devel- 
opment and financing of the Spokane Traction Company and with 
Mr. Blackwell and Mr. Graves he also became interested in the Coeur 

gubrep Utt 3SShite 79 

d'Alene electric railway. Throughout the period of his residence in 
the northwest he has always seemed to readily recognize the oppor- 
tunities here to be secured and the possibilities for the upbuilding 
of the country. His efforts have been an important factor in the 
substantial growth of the northwest as well as in the promotion of 
his individual success. He was associated with Mr. Graves in the 
Spokane & Inland Company and finally in the reorganization of the 
three companies named into the Inland system under the corporation 
name of The Inland Empire Railway Company with J. P. Graves 
as president, Mr. White as vice president, and Waldo G. Paine as 
second vice president, with Clyde M. Graves as manager and director. 
These officials resigned when the Great Northern system took over 
the road in June, 1911, with Carl Gray as president. The Great 
Northern about a year ago bought the controlling interest. Mr. 
White has had the satisfaction of seeing the system which was in- 
stituted with practically nothing develop into a railway line two hun- 
dred and forty miles in length, proving the greatest source of devel- 
opment in the district that it traverses. 

In connection with Mr. Graves and others Mr. White owned a 
large area of land and gave ninety acres of it to Spokane for a park 
which is called Manito, and purchased the old Cook fine extending 
up Riverside avenue to the park. This street railway constituted 
the nucleus from which has resulted the organization of the Spokane 
Traction Company, the business of which they have developed, ob- 
taining a franchise and extending their lines until they now have 
forty miles of street railway. Their activity in railway matters has 
been the means of adding from twenty-five to thirty thousand popu- 
lation to the city, so that these gentlemen deserve prominent mention 
among those who are regarded as the builders and promoters of 
Spokane. In all of his business operations Mr. White has never 
waited until the need was a pressing one but has anticipated condi- 
tions that would arise and has therefore been prepared to meet the 
conditions ere the inconvenience and discomfort of a situation were 
strongly felt. 

It would be almost impossible to mention all of the business pro- 
jects which have felt the stimulus and have profited by the coopera- 
tion of Mr. White, for his activities have been of a most diverse char- 
acter and of notable magnitude. After his return from the east he 
became a director of the Spokane Valley Land Company which 
owned Green Acres, East Green Acres and other valuable proper- 

8 o gufarep Xce flggftitt 

ties which they afterward sold to D. C. Corbin. They were very 
desirous of inducing people to settle along the line of the Coeur 
d'Alene railway and Mr. White took the matter in hand, bringing 
it to a successful termination. Mr. White was a director of the Spo- 
kane Canal Company which irrigated Otis Orchards and did all he 
could to encourage the enterprise but sold his interest after having 
it well established. It was he who first demonstrated that the valley 
was capable of being irrigated and proved the productiveness of its 
soil. His business connections further extended to the Traders Na- 
tional Bank and the Granby Company which carries with it the Hid- 
den Creek properties, and in both of these he is a director. He is 
also largely interested in many other valuable mining properties both 
proved and unproved and has extensive real-estate holdings in and 
near Spokane. 

Business affairs, however, represent but one phase of Mr. White's 
activity, for he has never selfishly centered his interests upon his own 
personal concerns. He has never been neglectful of the duties of 
citizenship and has been a most active factor in utilizing the oppor- 
tunities for the city's development, improvement and adornment. 
His political support is given to the republican party and during all 
the period in which he has been so busily engaged in the management 
of large financial projects he has still found time to advance civic im- 
provement. He became largely interested in city questions while a 
member of the Municipal League of New York and when he came to 
Spokane his knowledge of civic affairs was used in the inception of 
the 150,000 Club. At a meeting of this club he suggested a "City 
Beautiful Club" and of the new organization he was made president. 
He has done much for the city in various ways, including the in- 
ception and promotion of the playgrounds movement, making the 
first subscription to the fund and becoming the first officer. Through 
the assistance of the Chamber of Commerce a charter amendment 
was passed by the city creating a non-partisan park board 
and ten men were appointed, of which Mr. White was one. He was 
then chosen president of the board and still fills the office. The 
board is composed of ten of the most substantial citizens and busi- 
ness men of Spokane, vitally interested in the city's welfare and at 
the same time having the business ability to utilize practical and ef- 
fective efforts in the attainment of desired ends. They have in- 
creased the park area from one hundred and seventy acres to twelve 
hundred acres and have had one million dollars park bonds voted. 

gufareg Hee TOfnte si 

By personal solicitation Mr. White has secured four hundred acres 
for park purposes and the board has spent only one million dollars 
doing all of the work in the parks. For five or six years Mr. White 
was a director of the Chamber of Commerce and was a member of 
its publicity committee, the work of which attracted many people 
to Spokane and added materially to the population of the city. He 
regarded Spokane as in its formative stage and believed that acreage 
for park purposes should be secured at that time — breathing places 
for the people to be purchased while land was comparatively cheap 
instead of waiting until the price was almost prohibitive. Upon 
that belief he has always based his labors and the citizens of Spokane 
will ever have reason to feel grateful to him for his efforts in this 

While the veil of privacy should ever be drawn around one's home 
relations with all their secret ties, it is well known that Mr. White's 
home is a most attractive and happy one and that warm-hearted hos- 
pitality is freely accorded to the many friends of the family. He was 
married in Toronto, Canada, in 190.5, to Miss Ethelyn Binkley, a 
daughter of Judge J. W. Binkley, now of Spokane, her mother 
being a member of the Clarkson family of Toronto. Mrs. White 
is of English descent and a B. A. of Cornell University. Mr. and 
Mrs. White have become parents of three daughters, Mary Jane, 
Elizabeth Binkley and Ethelyn Louise. 

Mr. White is a believer in the Episcopal faith and his family at- 
tend the services of that church. He recognized the fact that well 
rounded character is based upon normal physical, mental and moral 
growth. He is a believer in clean living and in athletics and he has 
done much along those lines. He feels that every life needs its 
periods of recreation, its study hours and its time for quiet, thought- 
ful meditation. He has membership relations with the Spokane 
Club, the Spokane Riding and Driving Club, the Spokane Country 
Club and the Spokane Amateur Athletic Club. He also belongs to 
the St. James Club and the Mount Royal Golf Club of Montreal, 
the Union League Club of New York, the Santa Barbara Club of 
California and the Coeur d'Alene Boat Club, He is a life member 
of the Masonic fraternity, having taken the degrees of Royal Arch 
Masonry, of the Knight Templar Commandery, of the Consistory 
and of the Mystic Shrine. He is a past chancellor of the Knights 
of Pythias, has passed through all of the chairs of the uniform rank 
and is past captain in the division. He likewise holds membership 


gufarep TLtt TOftite 

with the Dramatic Order of the Knights of Khorassan. He has 
heen a strong supporter of many organizations including the Amer- 
ican Civic Association and the Municipal League, and was an officer 
of the latter in New York. His activities have reached out to the 
various vital interests of life and while in business he has won that 
success which comes of aptitude for management, close application 
and keen descrimination, he has also made his work of usefulness and 
value to the world in many directions, especially in upholding the 
standards of manhood and citizenship. In his life there have en- 
tered the distinctive and unmistakable elements of greatness. He is 
endowed with a rugged honesty of purpose, is a man of independent 
thought and action, one whose integrity and honor are so absolute 
as to compel the respect and confidence of his fellowmen, one whose 
life has been filled with ceaseless toil and industry, while his motives 
are of that ideal order that practically make his life a consecration 
to duty and to the measure of his possibilities for accomplishing good. 

0, #. Habtxtt 

(EVER courting notoriety nor publicity but quietly 

N' and persistently pursuing his way with well defined 
r*j plans and strong purpose, O. G. Laberee has reached 
wx a notable position among the most prominent min- 
ing and railway men of the northwest. His record 
needs no especial elaboration nor commendation; it 
speaks for itself for his labors have been an element in the utilization 
of the great natural resources of this section of the country and 
therefore the source of the country's development and prosperity. 
From each experience in life he has learned the lesson therein con- 

Mr. Laberee belongs to that class of representative and ambitious 
men who have crossed the border from Canada into the United 
States where competition is greater but where advancement is more 
quickly secured. He was born on a farm in Melbourne county in 
the province of Quebec in 1864, his parents being Benjamin R. and 
Mary Jane (Wakefield) Laberee, the former of French Huguenot 
and Irish lineage and the latter of English descent. The first mem- 
ber of the Laberee family in America left France at the time of the 
persecution of the Huguenots and went to Ireland. He married a 
daughter of that country and some years afterward with his wife and 
two sons sailed in his own vessel, loaded with merchandise, for the 
new world, landing at or near Boston. Soon afterward he secured 
a homestead in Massachusetts but had not long been a resident of 
New England when both he and his wife met death at the 
hands of the Indians. One of the sons escaped but the other was 
captured by the red men and taken to Quebec, where he was held 
as a prisoner for about a year. He finally escaped in the winter 
and traveled through one hundred miles of wilderness before reach- 
ing a settlement. At length, however, he arrived in Eastern town- 
ships, Compton county, in the province of Quebec, where members 
of the Laberee family have since lived. 

Thoroughness characterized O. G. Laberee in the acquirement of 
an education and has been one of his salient characteristics in later 
life. After leaving the high school he looked about him for a favor- 


86 <&• 0. TL&bevtt 

able business opening and in the year 1884, when twenty years of 
age, decided to try his fortune on the Pacific coast, traveling west- 
ward with a carload of thoroughbred cattle over the Northern Pacific 
Railroad, which was only partially completed at that time. As a 
cattle breeder he became well known in the west but still more im- 
portant interests were to claim his attention as in the recognition 
of opportunities he has extended his efforts into the fields of min- 
ing and railroad building. 

It was in the year 1895 that Mr. Laberee became a resident of 
Spokane. He had acquainted himself with the reports concern- 
ing the Roslyn mining camp of British Columbia and after paying 
a visit thereto he invested in several mining properties of that district, 
including the California, Mascot and Eldorado, also becoming a 
large owner of the Josie. He was the first Canadian investor in 
properties of that district. He then returned to eastern Canada and 
it is admitted that it was his influence which caused many other prom- 
inent capitalists to purchase mining interests at Roslyn and vicinity, 
particularly the Goodrum and Blackstock interests, the investments 
of which included the War Eagle and Center Star, while Governor 
Macintosh, also influenced by Mr. Laberee, made investments for 
the Whitacre Wright Syndicate. 

Mr. Laberee's judgment concerning the material resources of the 
northwest has proven to be remarkably sound and his insight keen. 
After a visit made to Boundary Creek, British Columbia, he pur- 
chased the Knob Hill mine and a large interest in the Old Ironsides, 
two of the principal properties of the Granby Consolidated Mining 
Company, these properties constituting the basis upon which the 
company was formed. He remained a stockholder in the company 
for many years and derived from his interests a most gratifying 
profit. He disposed of his Roslyn interests in 1898, soon after the 
Knob Hill and Old Ironsides properties were placed upon the market 
in eastern Canada. He was also the organizer of the Mollie Gib- 
son Mining Company which owns and is operating the Mollie Gibson 
mine in the Slokane country. At about the same time he purchased 
the Virtue mine at Baker City, Oregon, which has a record of hav- 
ing paid over three million dollars in dividends. He also became the 
owner of the Cumberland mine at Silver City, Idaho, and formed 
the Virtue Consolidated Mining Company with a capital of three 
million dollars, the stock of which was easily sold to eastern investors 
for Mr. Laberee's name in connection with such properties had come 
to be regarded as a guarantee of their worth. His investments in 

0. (g. Hafaerec 87 

1899 included the purchase of a half hlock of ground between Coeur 
d'Alene avenue and Third avenue, fronting Coeur d'Alene Park in 
Spokane, whereon he began the erection of his palatial residence 
which was completed in 1900 at a cost of one hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars. 

He became in 1901 active in the organization of the International 
Coal & Coke Company, owning coal lands at Coleman, Alberta, and 
through his representation Canadian capitalists were induced to 
purchase the controlling interests. Mr. Laberee, however, has re- 
mained as a large shareholder of the company which for several years 
past has been paying regular dividends. After the formation of that 
company and the sale of much of its stock he joined Andrew Laid- 
law in the purchase of fifty-two thousand acres of coal land situated 
in the Crow's Xest Pass district fifty miles north of Michel, British 
Columbia. Again he was instrumental in inducing the investment 
of eastern capital in the organization of the Imperial Coal & Coke 
Company, capitalized for four million, five hundred thousand dollars. 
After disposing of his interests in that connection in 1907, Mr. La- 
beree secured control of the Pincher Creek Coal Mining Company, 
owning properties two and a half miles from the town of Pincher 
Creek, Alberta. Since he has secured controlling interest in this 
company he has steadily prosecuted development work with the re- 
sult that the company is now ready to begin a production that will 
place it on a steady dividend-paying basis. The controlling inter- 
est in the corporation is held by Mr. Laberee and R. D. Miller, also 
of Spokane. 

Mr. Laberee has in connection with railway interests become even 
more widely known. In 1909 he was appointed receiver of the Alaska 
Central Railway Company on the request of the bondholders who 
had commenced foreclosure proceedings. This is a railroad project 
from Resurrection Ray to the Matanuska coal fields and the Yukon 
river. When Mr. Laberee assumed charge as receiver only fifty 
miles of road had been completed. He added to this twenty-one 
miles, giving general oversight to the construction work, so that the 
line is now seventy-one miles in length, and in less than a year he 
had successfully wound up the business of the company with credit 
to himself and satisfaction to all interested. 

Directly after the sale of the Alaska Central Railway Company 
Mr. Laberee incorporated the Alaska Northern Railway Company 
under the laws of the state of Washington with a capital of thirty 
million dollars and with head offices in Seattle. This company pur- 

88 <&• (g. Hatieree 

chased the Alaska Central Railway from the bondholders and is now 
awaiting development concerning the government's attitude in rela- 
tion to Alaska ere taking further steps to build the road. However, 
the company keeps the part of the line now in existence in good re- 
pair and operates it for about eight months in the year. At one 
time Mr. Laberee was an extensive stockholder in the Washington 
Water Power Company. His present connections are with the 
Pincher Creek Coal Mining Company and the Alaska Northern 
Railway Company. Of both of these he is serving as president and 
of the latter he is also general manager. He is also an investor in a 
large number of Alaska gold and copper properties. Indeed if it 
were known he has been the moving spirit in consummating many 
important business deals and operations which are now accorded to 
others. As previously stated, however, he works quietly, finding 
his reward in the joy of accomplishing what he undertakes. For in- 
tricate and involved business problems he finds ready and correct 
solution and with almost intuitive prescience seems to grasp every 
point in the case, coordinating all forces so as to produce a harmoni- 
ous, unified and resultant whole. 

On the 19th of August, 1887, Mr. Laberee was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Rose Clark of Olympia, Washington, and they have 
two children, Ben R. and Gladys. Those who meet Mr. Laberee in 
social connections find him an entertaining, genial, social gentleman. 
He is popular in the membership of the Lamb's Club of New York 
city, the Spokane Club and the Spokane Country Club, and in the 
Arctic Club and Rainier Club of Seattle, Washington. An analyza- 
tion of his life work shows him to be a most forceful man of ready 
resources. He has a keen eye that seems to see to the very center of 
possibilities and to grasp every detail of a situation, yet he says little 
about what he has accomplished and works as quietly as if he were 
engaged upon some project of minor importance. 


Jofm WL. OTttfjerop 

|OHN W. WITHEROP, a Spokane capitalist whose 
whole business career has displayed the utmost fear- 
lessness, capability and initiative, was for a long 
period connected with the development of the oil 
fields of Pennsylvania, maintaining an independent 
position in opposition to the methods of the trust. 
He was born in Titusville, Pennsylvania, September 29, 1860, his 
parents being Peter Titus and Olivia J. (Barnsdall) Witherop. His 
family were among the pioneers in the operation of the oil fields of 
Pennsylvania, owning and drilling the second completed oil well in the 
world, for it was at Titusville that oil was first discovered. In that 
district John W. Witherop was reared and early had the opportunity 
to witness the development of a great industry, for his father con- 
tinued to produce oil for many years. 

His own interest in the business was thus stimulated, and after the 
acquirement of his education he turned his attention to that field of 
activity. In his youthful days he was a student in the Peekskill Mili- 
tary Academy at Peekskill, New York, graduating as adjutant of the 
battalion, and in the Buchtel College of Akron, Ohio. He next pur- 
sued a law course in the University of Pennsylvania — and was vice 
president of the class of 1881, — in order that he might have the bene- 
fits of a legal training in his business, for already the oil interests had 
become sharply contested and efforts were being made toward a con- 
solidation which would crush out the individual producers and refiners. 
Following his graduation, and admission to the bar of Philadel- 
phia, John W. Witherop returned at once to Titusville, where he 
became a member of the firm of Rice, Robinson & Witherop and 
began producing and refining oil. His partners were also men of 
experience in the business and from the outset the firm became recog- 
nized as leading factors in the development of the oil fields and in the 
control of the trade. This was in 1881. The following year the 
Standard Oil Trust was organized, and so important had the firm of 
Rice, Robinson & Witherop become that they were offered every in- 
ducement to join the newly organized corporation; but Mr. Witherop 
who had the decisive voice in the management of the business, deter- 

92 gfotm aaa. aasttfterop 

mined to remain independent and for many years successfully fought 
the trust in both the domestic and the foreign trade. 

During the period Mr. Witherop was president of the Independ- 
ent Oil Refiner's Association of Titusville, Pennsylvania, and as the 
head of tliis association and as a member of the firm of Rice, Robinson 
& Witherop, he prosecuted the fight against rebates which the rail- 
roads were giving to the Standard Oil trust, and at the same time ex- 
acting from the independents excessive rates for transportation to 
seaboard. Such was the condition of affairs when he undertook tliis 
great cause, but Mr. Witherop was equal to the occasion and single- 
handed he fought the railroads for their discrimination in favor of the 
Standard, and for a fair chance and square deal for the independents, 
and he won, as usual. He not only obtained for the independent 
refiners greatly more reasonable rates, but he stopped the rebating to 
the Standard, and on this fairer basis of rates the independent oil 
refiners have ever since competed favorably to themselves with the 
trust, and owe their continued existence, to a very great extent, today, 
to John W. Witherop. There are many other cases that he fought 
out with the Standard trust, and fought well and won. One being 
when the trust tried to freeze out Mr. Witherop's firm in Buffalo, but 
in a short time he brought the trust to terms, and the business of the 
independents was put on a profitable basis. This and many other 
fights he won despite all the efforts of trust magnates to either force 
the independent oil refiners into the combination or put them out of 
business. At length, however, his health failed him and in 1891 he 
sold his oil interests to his partners and in 1892 came to Spokane, 
where he has during the past twenty years, with unremitting action 
and determination, exerted his lifelong tendency of curbing the un- 
lawful movements of the corporate powers. 

Mr. Witherop was one of the pioneers in the great mining in- 
dustry of the northwest, and as early as the year 1893 he penetrated 
the wilds of the mountains of Washington, Idaho, Oregon and British 
Columbia, riding on the back of a "cayuse" over the old Indian trails, 
searching for some of the mineral wealth contained in those vast fields 
of opportunity. In the early history of the Rossland Camp, in Brit- 
ish Columbia, Mr. Witherop was one of the large owners of the 
famous Josie mine, and was vice president and a trustee of the com- 
pany then owning that property. The Josie adjoins the great Le 
Roi mine, and is now operated by the Le Roi Company, a British 
corporation. Mr. Witherop owns valuable and extensive mining in- 
terests in various parts of the northwest, and he is a large owner of 

3>oftn TO. TOttherop 

real estate in Spokane and elsewhere, his most recent purchase being 
the Elks' Temple, which is one of the largest and handsomest blocks 
in the heart of the business section of the city. 

On the 29th of September, 188.5, occurred the marriage of Mr. 
Witherop and Miss Belle Rose Andrews, a daughter of William H. 
and Rose (Eddy) Andrews, of Titusville, Pennsylvania. Her father 
was for years a prominent figure in the republican party of that state 
and for a long period served in the state senate and as chairman of the 
republican state committee of Pennsylvania. For some years he has 
resided in Xew Mexico, from which territory he is now a delegate to 
congress. Mr. Witherop has never become actively engaged in poli- 
tics, nor has he sought nor held public office. He prefers the quiet of 
home life, and the association of a select circle of friends. His resi- 
dence for eighteen years has been at West 2430 Pacific avenue. 


/3 <^W^^ 

gmasa 5£. Campbell 

MASA B. CAMPBELL, who passed away on the 
16th of February, 1912, was one of the foremost 
mining operators in all of the northwest, being asso- 
ciated with John A. Finch under the firm name of 
Finch & Campbell. He was one of the owners in 
some of the most valuable mining properties of the 
Inland Empire and various other business interests felt the stimulus 
of his cooperation. 

His birth occurred in Salem, Ohio, April 6, 1845, and he was a 
son of John A. and Rebecca Perry (Snodgrass) Campbell. The 
family numbered ten children, of whom Amasa B. Campbell was the 
youngest, his father dying before the birth of this son. At the usual 
age he entered the public schools of Salem and began work in a grain 
and wool commission business at the age of fifteen years. It will 
thus be seen that no special advantages or influence aided him at the 
outset of his career. Indeed he was forced to prove his own worth 
and he placed his dependence upon the substantial qualities of in- 
dustry, determination and integrity, recognizing the fact that there 
is no royal road to wealth. 

At the age of twenty-two, in the year 1867, Mr. Campbell went 
to Omaha, Nebraska, where he accepted a position with the LTnion 
Pacific Railroad, with which he continued until the completion of 
the line. In 1871 he obtained his first mining experience in Utah 
and thus laid the foundation for his subsequent prosperity. He con- 
tinued in that state until 1887, when he came to Spokane and entered 
into partnership with John A. Finch. This relation was maintained 
until the death of Mr. Campbell and the operations of the firm in 
the development of mining property placed them in a position in 
advance of all others. They were first owners of the Gem mine in 
the Coeur dAlene district and later, associated with friends of Mil- 
waukee and Youngstown, Ohio, they organized the Milwaukee Min- 
ing Company, of which Mr. Campbell was president and Mr. Finch 
secretary and treasurer. For over twelve years they successfully 
operated that mine and in 1891 began the equipment and development 
of the Standard mine and subsequently of the Hecla mine, both of 

9 8 gmaaa 38. Campbell 

which are still paying large dividends. Mr. Campbell was also presi- 
dent of these, with his partner as secretary and treasurer. They be- 
gan operations in British Columbia in 1893, when they entered the 
Slocan district, opening and developing the Enterprise and Stand- 
ard mines, which are still paying properties. There was hardly a 
successful mining enterprise in the whole district in which they were 
not interested financially and otherwise, and no firm did more to 
develop the mining industry in the Inland Empire. The firm name 
of Finch & Campbell became synonymous with the important min- 
ing activities of the northwest. Mr. Campbell was also a director of 
the Traders National Bank, a heavy stockholder in the Spokane & 
Eastern Trust Company and of the Washington Water Power Com- 
pany, serving as director of the latter for a number of years but at 
length resigning on account of failing health. He gave the land on 
which the Carnegie library of Spokane was erected, it now being 
worth one hundred thousand dollars. 

On the 26th of March, 1890, at Youngstown, Ohio, Mr. Camp- 
bell was united in marriage to Miss Grace M. Fox, a daughter of 
George R. and Mary R. (Campbell) Fox, of Canton, Ohio. To 
them was born one daughter, Helen. The family residence, one of 
the beautiful homes of Spokane, is situated at No. 2316 First avenue 
and was erected in 1898. 

Mr. Campbell belonged to the Masonic fraternity and his life 
record was in harmony with the teachings of the craft. Mr. Camp- 
bell was one of Spokane's millionaires and yet there were few men 
who so entirely lacked the pride of purse. He judged his fellowmen 
not by wealth but by individual worth, and true worth on the part of 
anyone could win his friendship and regard. 

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OTtllmm ^enrp Hubben 

JILLIAM HENRY LUDDEN, a Spokane attorney 

W™| who has practiced continuously in this city since 1892, 
W) save for a brief period of four years, was born Sep- 
i tember 13, 1851, in Braintree, Massachusetts, his 
parents being Lafayette and Margaret (Courley) 
Ludden. His father was a millwright and removed 
from New England to California, taking up a homestead in the Sac- 
ramento valley in 1853. Both he and his wife are now deceased. 

Brought to the Pacific coast when not yet two years of age, Wil- 
liam Henry Ludden pursued his education in the public schools of 
Yolo county, California, and in Hesperian College of Woodland, that 
state, in which school he spent five years, winning the B. S. degree. 
He also taught school for five years but regarded this merely as an 
initial step to further professional labor, for at the same time he en- 
gaged in reading law in the office of J. C. Ball, of Yolo county, who 
was judge of the supreme court. Mr. Ludden afterward pursued a 
law course in Hesperian College and his thorough training as well as 
his practical experience constitutes a forceful element in his success. 
In the spring of 1890 he came to Spokane as chief clerk in the United 
States land office and while busy with the duties of that position he 
continued to utilize his leisure hours for further law study until ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1892. Since that time he has continuously en- 
gaged in practice in Spokane with the exception of four years, from 
1896 until 1900, which he spent as register in the United States land 
office. His clients, and they are many, find him an able advocate and 
wise counselor who is devoted to the interests of the profession and in 
his practice holds to a high standard of professional ethics. 

In politics Mr. Ludden has always been a republican and has at 
times been honored with office, serving as deputy prosecuting attorney 
of Spokane county and also as a member of the state legislature in 
1893-4. He keeps thoroughly informed concerning the leading ques- 
tions and issues of the day and is a very welcome figure in those gath- 
erings where leading men are engaged in the discussion of vital prob- 
lems. In Masonry he has attained high rank, holding membership in 
El Katif Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He is a member of Spokane 

10 4 133 Mam %enrp Hubben 

Lodge, No. 228, B. P. O. E., of which he is a past exalted ruler, and 
he likewise holds membership with the Woodmen of the World and 
the Fraternal Order of Eagles. 

On the 15th of March, 1875, in Sacramento, California, Mr. Lud- 
den was married to Miss Gertrude Horton, of Woodland, that state, 
who died in Spokane in 1893. There were five children in their fam- 
ily, namely: Mabel C, the wife of Alpha H. Gundlach, D. D. S., of 
this city; Vinne Pauline, the wife of Jonas W. Childs, of Del Rio, 
Texas; Jessie L., the wife of Dr. Frank L. Horsfall, of Seattle; 
Hazel Kirk, the wife of Ernest C. Ammann, of this city; and Ruby 
E., the wife of Samuel L. Matthias, also a resident of Spokane. On 
the 3d of May, 1905, Mr. Ludden was again married, his second union 
being with Mary K. Todd, of Spokane. She was born in Pittsburg, 
Pennsylvania, and is a daughter of Adam and Sarah Craig, both of 
whom are deceased. By a former marriage two children were born 
to her: Sadie J. Todd, the wife of W. J. Lawrence, of Minneapolis; 
and J. Albert Todd, of San Francisco, California. Mrs. Ludden and 
her children came to Spokane in June, 1884, and she was for many 
years employed as deputy auditor and deputy treasurer of Spokane 
county. Mrs. Ludden was a charter member of the First Presby- 
terian church of Spokane and was one of the most active workers for 
the erection of the first church building owned by that church, which 
was located on the site now occupied by the Spokesman Review build- 
ing. She has the honor of being the first president of "The Ladies 
Benevolent Society," of this city, which was organized January 17, 
1887. This society instituted and built the first home for orphans and 
friendless children in Spokane. The present commodious and even 
elegant brick building on the Northwest boulevard known as "The 
Children's Home" is the result of this humble beginning of the Ladies 
Benevolent Society. Mrs. Ludden is also a charter member of Electa 
Chapter No. 20, O. E. S., of which chapter she is past worthy matron. 
She is at the present time president of the Pioneer Society of Spo- 
kane county and has the loving respect of the old-time citizens who 
remember her good work among the sick and the poor in the early 
days when the demands were many and the facilities for earing for 
people were few and very hard to obtain. Mr. Ludden holds mem- 
bership in the Christian church. Both Mr. and Mrs. Ludden rank 
among the prominent residents of Spokane and both are active and 
influential in their respective connections, while their social promi- 
nence attests their personal worth. 

George Jfl. Jforsiter 

|EW of the important enterprises which have con- 
tributed to the upbuilding of the Inland Empire have 
not benefited by the cooperation and assistance of 
George M. Forster. Added to his business ability, 
which made him a factor in the conduct of many suc- 
cessful enterprises, there was a nobility of character 
which won him the respect and honor of all with whom he was asso- 
ciated. He was born in Dundas, Ontario, September 19, 184.5, a 
son of Walter and Mary Forster, both of whom were natives of Scot- 
land, but at a later date came to America and settled in Canada. They 
were farming people, connected with agricultural pursuits through- 
out their entire lives. 

George M. Forster supplemented his public-school education by 
a course in the law department of the St. Louis ( Missouri ) Univer- 
sity, from which he was graduated in the class of 1878. He then en- 
tered upon the practice of law in that city, following his profession 
there for more than five years, when, in September, 1883, he left the 
Mississippi valley for the northwest. Sometime after his arrival in 
Spokane he formed a partnership with Colonel W. W. D. Turner, 
which firm was later increased by the admission of Judge George 
Turner, under the style of Turner, Forster & Turner. Later Judge 
Turner became associated with Frank H. Graves, and thereafter upon 
the retirement of Colonel Turner from active practice, in 1891, a 
partnership was formed with W. J. C. Wakefield under the firm 
name of Forster & AVakefield, which was continued until the death 
of Mr. Forster. During all this period Mr. Forster was recognized 
as an able lawyer, and was connected with much important litigation. 
He was strong in argument, clear in his reasoning and logical in his 
deductions. With almost intuitive perception he seemed to recognize 
the connection between cause and effect, however obscure, and his 
ready mastery of the principles of jurisprudence enabled him to make 
correct application of the legal points to the salient features in his 

It was not alone, however, in the field of law that he gained dis- 
tinction, for his work in other connections was of an equally promi- 



George JW. JforSter 

nent and important character. He was one of the original incor- 
porators of the LeRoi Mining & Smelting Company, and for many 
years its president. This company developed and operated the Le- 
Roi mine at Rossland, British Columbia, one of the largest produc- 
ers in that district. He was an early stockholder in the Centennial 
Mill Company, as well as other manufacturing, mining and financial 
concerns that featured in the upbuilding and development of the In- 
land Empire. In all of these enterprises Mr. Forster took an active 
and vigorous interest and had a voice in their management and 

Mr. Forster was twice married. He first wedded Miss Helen 
Witherspoon, of Detroit, Michigan, and unto them was born a daugh- 
ter, Adah, who is now the wife of J. N. Matchett, a resident of Spo- 
kane. On the 29th of October, 1900, Mr. Forster married Mrs. M. 
C. (Kelliher) Spencer, a daughter of M. M. and Catherine (Cronin) 
Kelliher, of whom mention is made elsewhere in this volume. 

The death of Mr. Forster occurred February 12, 1905, and the 
passing of few has been more deeply regretted in all the northwest. 
His salient qualities were such as to endear him to his companions in 
social life and to his business associates. His political allegiance was 
given to the republican party and he always kept well informed on 
the questions and issues of the day, though he did not seek nor desire 
office. He possessed a keen sense of humor and a deep love of nature. 
He found enjoyment in the forests and by the stream, and in the 
beauty of flowers. He was a Mason, a life member of the Spokane 
Amateur Athletic Club, and belonged to and took an active part in 
several other clubs and organizations which form a part in the early 
history of the city. Generous in personal life to a fault, and of a 
genial disposition, he made and kept a host of friends who mourn his 



©abrtr $. fenfetns 

(HERE came to the northwest in an early day men of 

T/fW P resc i ence » w ho were ahle to recognize something 
W of what the future had in store for this great and 
V}// growing western country. Recognizing the advan- 
fcK^SYtJ^g) tages due to situation and natural resources, they 
exemplified their faith and hope in their works and 
upon that foundation builded their fortunes. Among the strong- 
est of the enterprising men who saw in Spokane opportunities for 
the future, David P. Jenkins was numbered. In the years which 
have since followed he has not only gained prominence and success 
for himself but has also contributed in notable measure to the up- 
building and progress of the city of Spokane, and his name is in- 
deed an honored one here and his work will remain as a monument 
for generations to come. 

David P. Jenkins was born on a farm near Mount Pleasant, Jef- 
ferson county, Ohio, August 25, 1823, his parents being Israel and 
Elizabeth (Horsman) Jenkins. The father was a native of Vir- 
ginia but was an orthodox Quaker, and as his religious belief and 
principles were in direct opposition to slavery, he left home in early 
manhood and started on the trail over the Alleghany mountains, 
crossing the Ohio river at Zane's Landing into a free territory. He 
bought land and planned for the building of a cabin, after which 
he returned to Virginia and further completed arrangements for 
having a home of his own by his marriage. Two years later he 
brought his wife to his claim in Ohio and as the years passed be- 
came a prosperous farmer. By his first marriage he had eight chil- 
dren, of whom David P. Jenkins was the youngest, and by a sec- 
ond marriage there was born one son. 

It was upon the old home farm in Ohio that David P. Jenkins 
was reared, and the common schools of the neighborhood afforded 
him his educational privileges, supplemented by a course in the Mount 
Pleasant Seminary, a Quaker institution. He took up the study of 
law when eighteen years of age in the office of General Samuel 
Stokely, of Steubenville, Ohio, being there a fellow student with 
Samuel Wilson, afterward a distinguished lawyer of San Francisco. 

112 Babft ffi. ffenfeing 

He completed his legal studies in the Law School of Cincinnati and 
in the winter of 1844 was admitted to the bar, after which he en- 
gaged in practice for some time in Cincinnati. Subsequently he was 
located at Hennepin, Illinois, and at La Salle, that state, and was 
making satisfactory progress in his profession when the Civil war 
broke out. Governor Yates without his knowledge or consent com- 
missioned him major of the First Illinois Cavalry, which was the 
first cavalry regiment organized west of the Alleghany mountains. 
Putting aside all personal and professional considerations he en- 
tered the service and was with his regiment until it disbanded in 
1862, when he returned to Illinois. The governor then authorized 
him to assist in recruiting the Fourteenth Illinois Cavalry, of which 
he was commissioned lieutenant colonel and during the greater part 
of the succeeding three years he was in command of the regiment and 
took part in many of the most important engagements and events 
of the war until after the surrender of General Joseph E. Johns- 
ton, when, at his request, he was discharged from the service. 

On again entering the legal profession Mr. Jenkins practiced 
for three years in Knoxville, Tennessee, and was afterward located 
for a time in Logansport, Indiana, and in Georgetown, Colorado. 
He came to Washington at the suggestion of Major General Milroy, 
who at that time was United States Indian agent for the territory, 
and for six years thereafter was a resident of Seattle. The reports 
which reached him concerning eastern Washington, especially in 
connection with the approaching completion of the Northern Pacific 
Railway, led him in 1879 to visit this part of the state. He proceeded 
up the Columbia river and thence overland and settled in Spokane, 
where he became owner of one hundred and fifty-seven acres of valu- 
able land, on which he built a home, thus being established as one of 
the principal property owners at the beginning of the development 
of the city. His keen sagacity enabled him to recognize the possibil- 
ities here and appreciating something of what the future had in 
store for this great and growing western country, he cast in his lot 
with Spokane's settlers and has since been an active contributor to 
its progress and improvement. His homestead covered the area 
comprised within the boundaries of what are now Howard and Cedar 
streets and extending from the Spokane river northward to a point 
beyond Mallon avenue. Out of this district he gave to the city the 
site of the present courthouse, comprising a full city block. He also 
gave the ground for the old Spokane College but this reverted to 
him when the school passed out of existence from lack of support. 

3Babtb ffi. ffinfeing 113 

He also gave the ground for the Plymouth Congregational church 
and parsonage at the corner of Adams and Mallon avenue, although 
he was not a member of the church. His daughter, Mrs. Rue, how- 
ever, attends that church. The Jenkins Institute, which he estab- 
lished, has already had liberal support from him and probably will 
receive still more in the future. This school was founded by Colonel 
Jenkins and meets a need in educational training. It offers voca- 
tional courses, because young men must be specially trained to make 
their way in the world. It is the object of the institute to make its 
students efficient both in skill and character and to this end an ex- 
cellent teaching force has been secured, all being men of experience, 
who are experts in their various lines and who inspire as well as in- 
struct their pupils. Colonel Jenkins gave to the school a permanent 
endowment fund of fifty thousand dollars and the project is one 
dear to his heart. Colonel Jenkins has always taken a great inter- 
est in the Young Men's Christian Association and the Jenkins In- 
stitute has back of it the spirit of that organization in its attempt to 
surround boys at the critical and formative period of their lives with 
such influences and aids as will develop a robust physical, mental and 
moral manhood. 

For a number of years Colonel Jenkins maintained a large farm 
at Chewelah, Stevens comity, and there gave the land on which to 
erect a high school, which has been called the Jenkins high school. 
He also made a gift of five thousand dollars to establish a school 
of domestic science, with the proviso that the city or other citizens 
raise a similar amount. 

On the 28th of November, 1849, Colonel Jenkins was united in 
marriage at Granville, Illinois, to Miss Hannah Lobdell, the third 
daughter of George A. and Almira Austin (Preston) Lobdell, of 
that place. Mrs. Jenkins died in Ohio, in July, 1879. They had 
three children: Annie M., who was born in Hennepin, Illinois, and 
died in La Salle, that state, in 1858; George M., who was born in 
Hennepin, and died in Spokane in 1904; and Emma F., who was 
born in La Salle, Illinois, and is the wife of William H. Rue, who 
came from Englishtown, New Jersey, and is now a resident of Spo- 
kane. By her marriage there are two daughters, Annie and Mabel 
Rue. The former is the wife of Charles D. Robinson, of Spokane, 
and they have two children, Frances and Dorothy. The younger 
davighter, Mabel, resides with her mother at No. 1914 Ninth avenue 
in Spokane. 

Colonel Jenkins is now in his eighty-ninth year, and while no 


Bautb $. Jenkins; 

longer an active factor in the business world, the "precious prize 
of keen mentality" is yet his and he still feels a deep interest in the 
world's progress and what is being accomplished. He has ever 
been a public-spirited and loyal citizen of Spokane; contributing in 
large measure to the various projects and movements for its upbuild- 
ing and one need but review his history to know how sincere and 
helpful an interest he has taken in the work of general advance- 
ment. His name is inseparably interwoven with the records of 
Spokane and he certainly deserves mention as one of its upbuild- 
ers. His life has ever been faultless in honor, fearless in integrity 
and stainless in reputation, and thus he has come to old age with the 
high respect of all with whom he has been brought in contact. 

Colonel OTtlltam &. gfoercromtue 


C.A itary commander, scientist, explorer and promoter of 
Wi various important business projects which have been 
«( of almost incalculable value in the development of 
the northwest, was born at Fort Ridgely, Minnesota, 
August 17, 1857. His father, General John J. Aber- 
crombie, who was born in Baltimore, Maryland, was a graduate of the 
West Point Military Academy of the class of 1822 and after fifty-five 
years' service in the United States army retired in 1877. He won 
distinction and honors in connection with service in the Indian wars, 
participating in the Seminole and the Black Hawk wars, also the 
Mexican and Civil wars. In the last named he passed through all of 
the grades from that of second lieutenant to general officer. Through 
previous generations this military trait has been traced, the family 
being descended from Ralph Abercrombie, of the English army, who 
settled in this country after the battle of Ticonderoga. Of the three 
sons of General John J. Abercrombie two served in the army and one 
in the navy. The eldest son, J. J. Abercrombie, who became captain 
of artillery, is now retired and is living in Chicago, where he is con- 
ducting a brokerage business. Ensign F. P. Abercrombie, who was 
in the volunteer service, is now division superintendent of the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad. The two daughters are: Mrs. W. E. Goodman, 
living at Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia; and Mrs. John Cole Ruther- 
ford, of Park, New Jersey. 

Colonel William R. Abercrombie, whose name introduces this 
review, was educated in Queen's county, Long Island, New York, 
pursuing his course in Flower Hill Academy. He became connected 
with the United States army at the age of nineteen years and was 
commissioned second lieutenant in the Second Infantry by General 
Grant in March, 1877. In July of that year he came to the Pacific 
coast to take part in the Nez Perce war. He went from Atlanta, 
Georgia, to San Francisco, thence by boat to Portland and by river 
steamer to Lewiston, from which point he marched to Spokane Falls. 
Here in October the regiment was divided and Company E, of which 
Colonel Abercrombie was then second lieutenant, took its station at 


118 Colonel WHUiam ft. gfaertromftie 

Fort Colville. Two companies built log cabins there while another 
company went to the Palouse country and the remainder of the troops 
went to Coeur d'Alene. In 1878 Colonel Abercrombie took part in 
the Bannock Indian war and the following year was quartermaster 
of an expedition into the Moses country in what is now known as the 
Great Bend, and encamped at the mouth of Foster creek on the 
Columbia river through the winter of 1879-80. In the spring of the 
latter year he proceeded by boat down the Columbia river and began 
building a post at Lake Chelan. Owing to the roughness of the coun- 
try that post was afterward abandoned in the fall of 1880, and 
Colonel Abercrombie was appointed to duty at the mouth of the Spo- 
kane river, where he acted as quartermaster and commissary. 

In 1882 trains began running to Fort Coeur d'Alene and with 
many of the events which have marked the upbuilding of this section 
of the country since that time Colonel Abercrombie has been closely 
associated. In 1882 he was detailed to take the census of Indians on 
the Colville and Moses reservations, and in 1883 he made a survey 
of Pend d'Oreille river and Pend d'Oreille lake to the forty-ninth par- 
allel and in 1884 commanded his first expedition into Alaska, locat- 
ing the Copper river delta. Two years later he conducted an expedi- 
tion and made a survey of the Priest river country and from 1886 
until 1896 was stationd at Fort Omaha, Nebraska. He participated 
in various Indian campaigns throughout the west and was called out 
for active duty at the time of the riots in Chicago, in Butte and in 
other places. In 1897 he was stationed at Fort Harrison, Montana, 
and made surveys between the forty-seventh and forty-ninth parallels, 
and from the one hundred and ninth to the one hundred and eleventh 
meridians, which included the Miras Indian reservation and other pub- 
lic lands. In 1898 he was quartermaster of the Reindeer train which 
was attached to the expedition for the relief of destitute miners in the 
Yukon country in Alaska, and after the completion of that work, in 
the same year, he commanded the Alaska exploration expedition, No. 
2, for the exploration of the Copper river valley with a view to dis- 
covering and locating an ail-American route from tide water on 
Prince William's Sound to the international boundary between Can- 
ada and the United States, and Belle Isle and the Yukon river. 

In 1889 Colonel Abercrombie commanded the Copper river explo- 
ration expedition operating from Port Valdez, Alaska. He dis- 
covered and located an all-American route from Port Valdez to the 
Tanana river, and the same year was appointed chief engineer of the 
department of Alaska and construction engineer of the trans- Alaskan 

Colonel aUtUiam &. gfaercromfaie H9 

military road. From 1899 until 1901 he was engaged as constructing 
engineer of the trans-Alaskan military road from Valdez to the 
Yukon river, covering four hundred and eighty miles, and in 1902 he 
was acting engineering officer of the department of the Columbia at 
Vancouver Barracks, Washington. In 1903 he was in service in the 
Philippine islands and in 1905-6 was on recruiting duty in the northern 
part of the state of New Jersey. In 1907 he was commander at Fort 
Reno, Oklahoma, and in 1908 was on foreign service in the Philippine 
islands, while in 1910 he was commander at Fort Wright, at which 
point he retired from active service and came to Spokane to make his 
home. He continued in active military duty for thirty-three years, 
spending ten years, summer and winter, in tents. He is now con- 
nected with mining projects, having owned mining property since 
1884. This is located at Cornucopia, Oregon, and he is also chief en- 
gineer of the development in the Willapa Harbor, in Pacific comity. 
He has gold and silver bearing properties and the company is now 
operating a twenty stamp mill. Colonel Abercrombie is also inter- 
ested in the Willapa-Paeific Townsite Company, the town site being 
located in Willapa county, at the mouth of the Willapa river about 
two miles south of South Bend. His long and varied experience in 
engineering work during his connection with the army well qualifies 
him for important duties that are now devolving upon him in this con- 

Colonel Abercrombie was the first soldier that came into the town 
of Spokane and the first man he met in the settlement was James 
Glover. The Indians had been dancing and making merry for a week 
before his arrival. Being a good fisherman he obtained promise from 
the commanding officer, General Wheaton, allowing him to go ahead 
of the command so he could fish. At that time there were only about 
three houses in the town and these mere shacks. In front of one was 
sitting a big, handsome fellow who called to the colonel as the latter 
went by, and he noticed that the man did not look very happy. His ex- 
pression changed, however, to one of joy when in response to his 
question as to how many soldiers were behind the Colonel he was 
informed that there were about seven hundred. The man was Mr. 
Glover and Colonel Abercrombie afterward learned that he had not 
slept for several nights and it was a question when the sun went down 
whether he would ever see it rise again, for the Indians were getting 
excited and were showing marked signs of hostility. Colonel Aber- 
crombie became well acquainted with the early settlers including 
James Monaghan, Cowley, Dumheller, Gray, Yetson, Post and a 


Colonel William ft. gbercrombie 

host of others, and it was this that induced him finally to settle in 
Spokane. As he said he "learned to know these men as one only can 
in days when their worldly possessions were represented by a sack of 
flour and a slab of bacon." It is in such days when privations are 
great and hardships are many that the real nature of the individual 
is seen and in those pioneer times men learned to know each other 
for what they were really worth in character and ability. It was be- 
cause of the strong friendships which he formed in those early days 
that Colonel Abercrombie returned to Spokane to make this city his 

It was on the 13th of October, 1886, in New York city, that 
Colonel Abercrombie was married to Miss Lillian Kimball, a daugh- 
ter of General A. S. Kimball, of the United States army, under 
whom he had served as department quartermaster at Vancouver Bar- 
racks, Washington, when the General was chief quartermaster of 
the department of the Columbia. Mrs. Abercrombie is a Daughter 
of the American Revolution. By her marriage she has become the 
mother of two daughters, Frances K. and Clara De Normandy, both 
of whom are now students at Brunot Hall. 

Colonel Abercrombie's club relations are extensive and indicate 
his high standing in the different localities where he has resided for 
any length of time. They are also indicative of the nature of his 
interests. He belongs to the National Geographic Society, the Geo- 
graphic Society of Philadelphia and the Explorers Club of New 
York, of which he is a charter member. He is likewise a charter 
member of the Army and Navy Club of New York, is a member of 
the Arctic Brotherhood of Alaska, the Army and Navy Club of 
Manila, the Spokane Club, the Spokane Country Club, the Officers 
Club of Fort Wright, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the 
Tillicum Club of Valdez and the Wanderers Club of Hong Kong, 
China. His have been thrilling experiences which can never come to 
one whose interests are confined to a single locality or whose efforts 
are concentrated along a single line of business. In fact, in purpose 
and in activity he has reached out over constantly broadening fields, 
meeting with such experiences as have caused him to place a correct 
valuation upon life and its contacts. He has preserved a splendid 
balance between the physical, mental and moral development and his 
friendships are largely with those whom experience and ability have 
raised above the ordinary level of life. 

Albert Haurame Jfletoelltng 


At,* in a log house on a small farm near the town of Han- 
^\ over, Michigan, October 26, 1861. His father, 
*' Abram P. Flewelling, was of sturdy Welsh stock, 
tracing his ancestry back to the last king of Wales. 
His mother, whose maiden name was Rosana 
Sprague, was of Scotch-Irish parentage dating back to the early set- 
tlement of America before the Revolution. 

The early life of A. L. Flewelling was spent on a farm near Lans- 
ing, Michigan. He was educated in the public schools, and at an 
early age he began school teaching. At the same time he began read- 
ing law, spending his vacations and spare time in a law office. He 
was admitted to the bar in open court in the month of November, 
1886, and the next spring he began the active practice of law at 
Crystal Falls, Michigan, in the heart of the great Lake Superior iron 
district. During his early practice he became identified with a num- 
ber of the strongest mining companies of the district and later was 
associated with Corrigan-McKinney & Company of Cleveland, Ohio, 
who at that time were the largest independent producers of iron ore 
in America, and for fifteen years immediately preceding the year 
1906 he was General Counsel for that concern and acquired for himself 
through training he received by reason of his affiliations a large amount 
of mineral lands in Michigan, which he still owns. 

In March, 1906, Mr. Flewelling came to Spokane as general man- 
ager of the Monarch Timber Company of Idaho and the Continental 
Timber Company of Washington and purchased the home which he 
now occupies at 2120 Riverside avenue. Under his management 
these companies purchased very large tracts of timber land in the 
Panhandle of Idaho and in northwestern Washington and when the 
holdings of these companies were purchased by the Milwaukee Land 
Company Mr. Flewelling became and still is the vice president and 
general manager of the last named company, with its principal west- 
ern office in the Old National Bank Building in Spokane. 

Mr. Flewelling is a republican in politics and a thirty-second de- 
gree Mason, a member of the Spokane Club and the Spokane Coun- 


124 gUfaert Haurante ffietoelltng 

try Club and also the Ranier Club and the Arctic Club of Seattle. 
He is director in the Spokane & Eastern Trust Company and the 
Union Trust & Savings Bank of Spokane. 

On May 10, 1887, Mr. Flewelling was married to Lottie A. 
Weatherwax, who is also an attorney, and for many years was asso- 
ciated with her husband in active legal work. They have only one 
child, a daughter, born in 1888, Eethel F. Sanderson, wife of C. B. 
Sanderson, now living in Spokane. 




Cbtotn Truman Coman 

jHE position of Edwin Truman Coman in banking 
circles in Washington is indicated in the fact that he 
is the youngest man ever elected to the presidency 
of the State Bankers Association, which honor came 
to him in 1905. His active connection with banking 
interests is now broad and includes the presidency of 
the Exchange National Bank of Spokane, in which city he is now 
making his home. He came to the coast from the middle west, his 
birth having occurred in Kankakee, Illinois, May 25, 1869. His 
father, Daniel Franklin Coman, was a representative of one of the 
old families of Massachusetts and wedded Kosilla J. Thresher, whose 
ancestors were among the early settlers of New Hampshire. 

Edwin T. Coman pursued his early education in the public schools 
of his native town and afterward attended the Michigan State Uni- 
versity at Ann Arbor and also the Washington and Lee University 
at Lexington, Virginia. He was admitted to the bar of the Supreme 
Court of Virginia, and later in Illinois and Washington. He then 
continued in active practice until twenty-seven years of age and in 
the meantime he had removed westward to Washington having, in 
1894, settled in Colfax, Whitman county. In 1897 he was chosen 
cashier of the First National Bank of Colfax, whose business was 
developed from a deposit of less than one hundred thousand dollars 
to a half million in a few years. In 1905 the First National Bank 
and the Colfax National Bank were consolidated and of the new in- 
stitution Mr. Coman became the vice president and manager. His 
ability in banking was becoming widely recognized in financial circles, 
and in 1907 he was elected as vice president and manager of the Ex- 
change National Bank of Spokane and removed to this city, where 
he has since made his home. In the intervening period he has been 
elected to the presidency of the bank and his connections also include 
the presidency of the First Savings & Trust Bank of Whitman 
comity, of the Bank of Endicott, the Bank of Rosalia, Plum- 
mer State Bank of Plummer, Idaho, and the vice presidency of the 
National Bank of Palouse. Mr. Coman has made many public ad- 
dresses principally on financial subjects. He has spoken before the 

12 8 €btoin gTruman (toman 

Bankers Association of Idaho, Oregon, Montana, and three times 
before the association of Washington. In 1908 he was elected trus- 
tee of the Chamber of Commerce, which position he held until 1911, 
when he was elected president. He is also president of the council 
of Spokane College. 

On the 10th of March, 1897, Mr. Coman was married to Miss 
Ruth Martin, a daughter of Robert and Catherine (Tull) Martin, 
of Carrollton, Missouri, the former of whom was a pioneer banker. 
They now have three children, Edwin Truman, born May 18, 1903; 
Robert Martin, born December 31, 1905; and Catherine, born July 
11, 1909. Mr. Coman holds membership in St. Paul's Cathedral of 
Spokane and he is a member of its vestry. Fraternally he is identi- 
fied with the Masons and has attained the thirty-second degree in the 
Scottish Rite, also holding degrees as Knight Templar and in the 
Mystic Shrine. From his college days he holds membership in the 
Phi Kappa Psi fraternity, Virginia Beta Chapter. His social na- 
ture finds expression in his membership in the Spokane, Spo- 
kane Athletic, Spokane Country, Inland and University Clubs. 

/L b cp4y^ 

#us;tab Huelltott? 

THROUGHOUT his entire life, since making his 
initial step in the business world, Gustav Luellwitz 
has been connected with the lumber trade and is now 
at the head of the Shaw- Wells Lumber Company, in 
which connection he is active in control of one of the 
most important enterprises of this character in the 
northwest. He was born at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, November 30, 
1870, and is an adopted son of Mr. and Mrs. F. Luellwitz, of Mil- 
waukee. The father, who was an officer in the German army, died 
in 1903, but the mother is still living in Milwaukee. Her father was 
Professor Witte, prominent in the field of college education and an 
old friend of Bismarck. 

In the public schools of his native city Gustav Luellwitz pursued 
his education to the age of thirteen years. He first engaged in the 
sawmill manufacturing business in the northern part of Wisconsin 
at the age of eighteen years and there remained until 1897, selling 
lumber from 1890 until 1897 on the road. On the 1st of January, 
1900, he left the middle west and made his way to Montana, where 
he was employed by the Big Blackfoot Milling Company of the 
Amalgamated Company, with which he continued for six months as 
a salesman. He was afterward in business on his own account at 
Salt Lake City until the fall of 1901. 

Mr. Luellwitz was there married on the 17th of December, 1901, 
to Miss Emma Lewis McMillan, a daughter of H. G. McMillan, a 
prominent resident of Salt Lake City, who held a government posi- 
tion for many years during the Mormon difficulties. His grandfather 
was for one term governor of Tennessee, and a brother of Mrs. Mc- 
Millan has been judge of the supreme court of Wyoming for a num- 
ber of years. She was a representative of one of the old and promi- 
nent Kentucky families. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Luellwitz 
was blessed with one son, Henry McMillan, who was born February 
14, 1903. 

In the fall of 1901 Mr. Luellwitz came to Spokane and organized 
the McClain Lumber Company, under which name he operated for a 
year. The business was then reincorporated under the name of the 

13 2 < §ustab HueHtoit? 

William Musser Lumber & Manufacturing Company, in which Mr. 
Luellwitz was interested, retaining the management of the business 
until 1903, when he severed his connection therewith. He next en- 
tered business on his own account under the name of Gustav Luell- 
witz & Company and in the spring of 1904 papers of incorporation 
were taken out under the name of the Jenkins-Luellwitz Lumber 
Company for the conduct of a general lumber business. In 1905 
the Luellwitz Lumber Company was incorporated to take over the 
retail department of the business and the same year the name of the 
Jenkins-Luellwitz Company was changed to the Day-Luellwitz Com- 
pany, at which time Harry L. Day became a partner in the under- 
taking. The two companies were operated independently, the Day- 
Luellwitz Company carrying on the wholesale and lumber manu- 
facturing business. His last notable step in the business world has 
been in connection with the consolidation of the Shaw-Wells and 
Luellwitz interests, which occurred March 2, 1912. Operations are 
still to be continued under the name of the Shaw- Wells Company, 
with Mr. Luellwitz as president, Frank H. Shaw, former president 
of the Shaw- Wells Company, as the vice president and manager of 
the new company, and E. MacCuaig, formerly of the Luellwitz Com- 
pany, as treasurer. The board of directors is composed of these of- 
ficers together with George R. Dodson, Herbert Witherspoon, E. F. 
C. Van Dissel, J. P. Langley and C. E. Wells, the last named a resi- 
dent of Racine, Wisconsin. The new corporation has been capitalized 
for one million, two hundred thousand dollars, and plans have been 
made for the erection, on the Luellwitz property along the railroad 
tracks on the north side, of a modern three-story semi-fireproof ware- 
house at a cost of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The pur- 
chase of about two blocks of ground at the junction of Marietta 
street and the railroad tracks has also been consummated, and con- 
stituted the largest real-estate deal on the north side in the present 
year. The new warehouse will be supplied with excellent shipping 
facilities and eventually the salesroom and offices of the Company will 
be located there. The merger of the Shaw- Wells and the Luellwitz 
Companies is a notable step in the enlargement of the business of the 
big mail order house. By this combination the firm plans to handle 
lumber and mill work through mail orders on a plan used by the 
leading houses of this character in the east. Mr. Luellwitz is also 
the owner of the Athol Lumber Company and is interested in the 
Buckeye Lumber Company, the Newman Lake Lumber Company 
and the Rainier Lumber & Shingle Company of Seattle. He owns 

(gugtab Huelltoit? 133 

large timber tracts in British Columbia and is likewise interested in 
the Yardley townsite. The Day-Luellwitz Company is incorporated 
for two hundred thousand dollars and the Luellwitz Lumber Com- 
pany for one hundred thousand dollars. 

Mr. Luellwitz turns aside from business to cast his ballot in favor 
of the men and measures of the republican party but has never sought 
nor desired office. He is prominent in Masonry, holding member- 
ship in the blue lodge and chapter of Phillips, Wisconsin, and in the 
commandery, consistory and Mystic Shrine at Spokane. He belongs 
also to the Spokane Club, the Spokane Country Club, the Spokane 
Athletic Club and the Hoo Hoos, an organization of lumbermen, 
with which he has been identified since its inception. He is likewise 
a member of the Chamber of Commerce and his active aid can be 
counted upon to further its interests and its projects. His early bus- 
iness experience laid the foundation for his success, bringing him a 
knowledge of the lumber trade which has constituted a basic element 
in his subsequent advancement in this line. As the years have gone by 
he has more and more largely gained a knowledge of the different 
phases of the business and is today an acknowledged authority on lum- 
ber in the northwest and a prominent representative of the trade. The 
story of his life is the story of honest industry and thrift. He has been 
aptly termed a man of policy. To build up rather than to destroy has 
ever been his plan and he attacks everything with a contagious en- 
thusiasm, his business ever balancing up with the principles of truth 
and honor. 

Srtfmr £. Joneg 

iRTHUR D. JONES is the president of Arthur D. 

Aim Jones & Company, the oldest as well as the largest 
S3 real-estate firm in Spokane. He has been at the 
"/J head of this institution continuously since 1887 and 
has built it up from one desk to one of the strong in- 
stitutions of the city, occupying half of the ground 
floor space of the Arthur D. Jones building with an office entirely 
finished and furnished in imported mahogany. Mr. Jones was born 
in Michigan, September 25, 1859, and was educated in the common 
schools and at the State College at Iowa City, Iowa. After a short 
experience as a school teacher and solicitor for a magazine, he took 
a position with the advertising department of the Chicago Morning 
News, where he remained for five years until failing health brought 
him to Spokane. 

Since 1887 he has been closely identified with the development 
of the city and country both in conjunction with general public en- 
terprises and through his own initiative. Conspicuous among the 
records of his work in Spokane are the development of Hillyard, 
Richland Park, The Hill, Cannon Hill Park and a number of other 
additions in Spokane as well as suburban properties. His company 
is local agent for the United States Mortgage & Trust Company 
and The Mortgage Bond Company, of New York, and also loaning 
agents for two of the great New York life insurance companies. The 
business includes real-estate, rental, loan and bond departments, 
banks, etc. He is manager of numerous land companies in which he 
is financially interested and is a stockholder in four Spokane banks 
and in other enterprises. 

Mr. Jones married December 25, 1887, to Miss Ada M. Stinson, 
and has two sons and one daughter. In politics he is a liberal re- 
publican, and, although he has been keenly interested in political af- 
fairs, the only office he ever held or tried for was that of city council- 
man for a three-year term. 

138 grtftur ji. Sfonti 

Mr. Jones literally grew up with Spokane. When he started in 
business in this city, his capital consisted of very little money and 
the city contained only a few thousand people. For over a quarter 
of a century he has watched the city grow and assisted in its growing, 
and his own fortunes have prospered with it. 

Clp $. £>palbtng 

^LY P. SPALDING, president of the Pacific Timber 
Preservative Company, was born in Chicago, Illi- 
nois, April 18, 1862, his parents being William and 
Maria (Sedgwick) Spalding, the former a Board of 
Trade operator of Chicago for many years. The son 
entered the public schools at the usual age, continu- 
ing his studies through successive grades until he left the high school 
to enter business life, and for four years he was employed in his na- 
tive city. He then resolved to seek opportunities elsewhere and went 
to San Pedro, New Mexico, where he worked in the smelter of San 
Pedro & Canon del Agua Copper Company of that place. During 
the three years there passed he thoroughly acquainted himself with 
all branches of mining and assaying. He then returned to New 
York city and devoted the next ten years to the brokerage business. 
In 1890 Mr. Spalding again came to the west, this time settling 
in the Coeur d'Alene country, where he was connected with the old 
Sierra Nevada Mining Company first as assistant assayer and then 
as assayer for the company. From the Coeur dAlene district he 
went to Portland, Oregon, and engaged in handling mining proper- 
ties in that state for about three years. After a year spent in Alaska 
he returned to the United States and was for some years an exam- 
ining mining engineer, examining and reporting on properties all 
the way from Mexico to Alaska. In 1901 be took a bond on the 
Monarch mine of Monarch, Idaho, of which he is president. He is 
also president of the Coeur dAlene-Norfolk Mining & Smelting 
Company and thus continues in close connection with mining inter- 
ests, with which he has so long been identified in one capacity or 

His efforts, too, have been extended to other lines, all of which 
have constituted features in the general development as well as in 
individual success. He built the Idaho Northern Railroad, which is 
now a branch of the Oregon & Washington Railway & Navigation 
Company and of which he was vice president and general manager 
up to the time of its sale. He was also vice president and general 
manager of the Big Bend Water Power Company which is now a 



dp $. Spalding 

part of the Washington Water Power Company system and known 
as the Long Lake project. It was sold about two years ago and Mr. 
Spalding is now concentrating his energies largely upon his executive 
and administrative duties as president of the Pacific Timber Pre- 
servative Company, of which A. M. P. Spalding, his wife, is the 
secretary and treasurer. This company treats railroad ties at a lower 
expense than any other process that has been developed and there is 
every indication that the business will grow to be an extensive one. 
They have portable plants which they can put on cars and take to 
the place where the ties are found, thus saving the expense of having 
a large central plant and hauling the ties to and from that plant. 
In this business Mr. Spalding has an enterprise which is of a most 
promising character and undoubtedly he will reap the success which 
has usually attended his efforts. 

On the 5th of December, 1906, Mr. Spalding was married to Mrs. 
Anna M. Phillips, and they reside at the Spokane Hotel. He holds 
membership in the Spokane Club, the Spokane Country Club and 
the Inland Club and is also a member of the Elks Lodge, No. 331, at 
Wallace, Idaho. The salient points in his character have been close 
application, unfaltering industry and intelligent investigation of 
every subject that has come under his control in connection with busi- 
ness interests. His opinions are regarded as expert authority upon 
questions relating to the mining interests of the west and he has an 
extensive acquaintance in mining circles. Wherever known he com- 
mands the good-will and confidence of those with whom he has come 
in contact and is now accorded a most creditable position in the busi- 
ness circles of this citv. 

/L/jl c^A^aJLot/ 

OTtltmr ^>tmpsion gearslep 

(ILBUR SIMPSON YEARSLEY, vice president of 

W. the firm of Ham, Yearsley & Ryrie, has been a resi- 
^ dent of Washing-ton for the past nineteen years' dur- 
Vw ing the greater portion of which time he has been 
(SfeijfcSjftS) identified with the business interests of Spokane. He 
is a native of Pennsylvania, his birth having occurred 
in Westtown township, Chester county, on the 22d of April, 1866, 
his parents being Washington and Jane (Lewis) Yearsley. In both 
lines he is of Quaker extraction, his father's family having emigrated 
to America in 1684, as members of William Penn's colony, while his 
maternal ancestors came to this country from Wales during the early 
colonial days. His mother, who celebrated the seventy-ninth anni- 
versary of her birth on the 10th of September, 1911, is now a resident 
of Spokane and makes her home with her son at 2017 Mallon street. 
Wilbur Simpson Yearsley was educated in the public schools of 
his native town and later for a time studied at Woralls Academy at 
West Chester, Pennsylvania. He then took a course in the Pierce 
Business College at Philadelphia, from which he was graduated in 
1886. He began his business career in a general merchandise store 
at Westtown and while there he devoted his spare hours to reading 
law under the direction of Alfred P. Reid, of West Chester. For 
six years he was identified with various occupations but still continued 
his law studies, being admitted to the Chester county bar in June, 
1892. On the 1st of the following July he came to Spokane as ex- 
aminer for the Pennsylvania Mortgage Investment Company, being 
retained here in that capacity until 1905. When this company re- 
trenched, following the panic of 1893 and 1894, he was located at 
Colfax, this state, where he had charge of the business in Whitman 
and Garfield counties and also that of Latah and Nez Perce coun- 
ties, Idaho. Two years later, in 1897, his duties were increased by 
the addition of the business of Yakima, Kittitas, Adams and Frank- 
lin counties, Washington, all of which he cleared up in 1899 and 
turned it over to the Spokane office. For two years thereafter he 
engaged in the land and loan business on his own responsibility but 
in 1901 he became associated with D. T. Ham and C. L. Hoffman 



SSiilbur Simpson gearslep 

and together they organized the Palouse Land Company, which they 
operated until 1906. In August, 1907, together with David J. Ham, 
Donald Ryrie and Shirley S. Philbrick he incorporated the company 
of Ham, Yearsley, Ryrie & Philbrick for the purpose of a general 
investment business but in 1908 Mr. Philbrick retired to look after 
personal business. Since then the firm has been conducted under the 
name of Ham, Yearsley & Ryrie, with D. T. Ham, president ; Wilbur 
S. Yearsley, vice president; K. Murray, secretary; and D. Ryrie, 
treasurer. They do a general fire, liability and indemnity insurance 
business and they also handle land, loans and investments and col- 
lective!}' and individually they are financially identified with various 
local enterprises. Mr. Yearsley has quite extensive interests and at 
the present time is president of The Inland Empire Paper Company, 
vice president of The Liberty Lake Land Company and Interna- 
tional Power Company, while he is also president of The Industrial 
Development Company and The Klickitat Columbia River Irrigation 
Company. He is one of the enterprising and progressive business 
men of the city and is meeting with excellent success in his various 

Political activities have always engaged much of the attention of 
Mr. Yearsley, although he has never been an office seeker, and his 
support is given to the democratic party. He was on the democratic 
electoral ticket of this state during the Palmer and Ruckley cam- 
paign and while residing in Whitman county he was chairman of the 
democratic central committee. Fraternally he is identified with 
Thompson Lodge, F. & A. M., of eastern Pennsylvania, and his con- 
nection with organizations of a more purely social nature is confined 
to his membership in the Spokane and Inland Clubs of this city. Mr. 
Yearsley has never married and makes his home at 2017 Mallon 
street. He is an enthusiastic admirer of the northwest and has un- 
limited faith in the marvelous possibilities it offers, commercially, 
industrially and agriculturally, owing to its many natural advantages 
and the spirit of energy that characterizes its citizens. He avails 
himself of every possible opportunity to advance its interests by 
championing every progressive movement inaugurated in Spokane 
and giving his cooperation to forwarding the development of the 
various public utilities. 


Mtlltam 5. C. OTakeftelb 

)ILLIAM J. C. WAKEFIELD, who ranks high 

Wm\ among the prominent lawyers of the Spokane bar, 
^-* has engaged in practice in this city since May, 1889, 
' and his constantly increasing ability has brought him 
continuous recognition in a large and distinctively 
representative clientage. He has concentrated his 
time, energies and attention upon his professional duties and the work 
that he has done as advocate and counselor indicates clearly his fam- 
iliarity with the principles of jurisprudence and an analytical power 
that enables him to correctly apply those principles to the question 
under consideration. 

While a resident of the west for more than a quarter of a cen- 
tury, Mr. Wakefield is a native son of New England, his birth hav- 
ing occurred in Ludlow, Windsor county, Vermont, on the 4th of 
September, 1862. The family was founded in Massachusetts dur- 
ing the early colonial epoch in the history of this country, and the 
great-great-great-grandfather, Jonathan Wakefield, of Sutton, Mas- 
sachusetts, took up arms in defense of his country during the French 
and Indian war, serving in the expedition under General Amherst 
against Ticonderoga and Crown Point in 1759. That the spirit of 
liberty was strong within him and that the same spirit was inculcated 
in his family is indicated by the fact that six of his sons were soldiers 
in the Continental army during the Revolutionary war. One of 
these, Samuel Wakefield, was a member of the Lexington company 
that at the first alarm marched on the 19th of April, 1775, out upon 
the little green in the center of the town to meet the British forces 
that demanded immediate surrender. He was a member of the com- 
pany commanded by Captain John Putman, attached to Colonel 
Ebenezer Larned's regiment, and he continued in the service until 
September 17, 1779. The line of descent to William J. C. Wake- 
field is traced down from Samuel Wakefield, through his son Samuel, 
who removed from Massachusetts to Newport, New Hampshire, 
Alpheus Wakefield, who was a resident of Ludlow, Vermont, and 
Luther F. Wakefield. The last named spent his entire life in Lud- 
low, where he followed the pursuits of mechanic, miller and farmer. 

150 aHiUtam 3. C. TOafeefielb 

He married Lorinda L. Place, a native of northern Vermont, and 
also a representative of an old New England family. 

Their son, William J. C. Wakefield, acquired his early education 
in the district schools of Chittenden and Windsor counties, Vermont, 
and afterward attended the Black River Academy of Ludlow, where 
he prepared for college, then entering Dartmouth College, from which 
he was graduated with the class of 1885. The west with its limitless 
opportunities attracted him and on the completion of his college course 
he became a resident of Austin, Nevada, where he engaged in teach- 
ing school. The hours which are usually termed leisure were devoted 
by Mr. Wakefield to the study of law under the direction of Judge 
McKenna of that place, and he completed his legal studies in the 
office of Archer & Bowden, following his removal to San Jose, Cali- 
fornia. Early in 1889 he was admitted to the bar in San Francisco 
and then turned to the northwest Pacific country, deciding upon Spo- 
kane as a favorable location. Accordingly, in May, he arrived in 
this city, which has since been his home and the scene of his profes- 
sional labors and achievements. In November, 1889, he formed a 
partnership with Judge L. B. Nash, which was maintained until the 
spring of 1892, when Mr. Wakefield succeeded Colonel W. W. D. 
Turner in the firm of Turner & Forster, the style of Forster & Wake- 
field being then assumed. In 1905, following the death of George 
M. Forster, Mr. Wakefield organized with A. W. Witherspoon the 
present firm of Wakefield & Witherspoon, which is today regarded 
as one of the most prominent and successful in the city. Mr. Wake- 
field has largely represented clients who have been prominently con- 
nected with the development of eastern Washington, northern Idaho 
and western Montana. He is well versed in all departments of the 
law and upon his professional service has concentrated his attention 
to the exclusion of all political activities. Since 1890 he has held the 
office of master in chancery of the United States court. He is an 
officer or director in many corporations that are active in the develop- 
ment of this section of the country and his relations to the northwest 
is that of contagious enthusiasm which has led to his support of many 
projects and measures of public benefit. 

On the 10th of June, 1896, Mr. Wakefield was united in marriage 
to Miss Louise Ammann, a daughter of Arnold and Caroline Am- 
mann, formerly of Springfield, Illinois. They now have an inter- 
esting family of two daughters and three sons, Louise, Channing, 
Helen, Newton and William. The family are prominent socially 

SaHtUiam 3f. C. OTafeefielb 


and Mr. Wakefield is also well known in athletic circles and is equally 
interested in educational projects which have for their object the 
intellectual progress of the community. For years he was identified 
with the National Guard of Nevada and Washington, retiring from 
the latter with the rank of lieutenant colonel and chief signal officer. 
He is recognized as a man of well rounded character whose interests 
are varied and who at all times keeps in close touch with the trend 
of modern thought and progress. 

Cbtoarb fame* Cannon 

ELL versed in all departments of the law and espe- 
cially proficient in corporation law, Edward James 
Cannon by the consensus of public opinion is placed 
in a foremost position among the distinguished at- 
torneys of Spokane and at the same time is active in 
control of important invested interests. He was born 
on a farm near Warnerville, Juneau county, Wisconsin, February 21, 
son of James and Eliza (Noonan) Cannon, both of whom 
were of Irish lineage. The maternal grandparents were both natives 
of Ireland and Michael Noonan, the grandfather of Eliza (Noonan) 
Cannon, was a civil engineer and overseer of public works in the south 
half of Ireland during the famine times. His wife reached the re- 
markable old age of one hundred and nine years. James Cannon 
has devoted his life to farming and now makes his home in Cresco, 
Iowa. His family numbered eleven children, the brothers of Ed- 
ward James Cannon being: Harry, who is a prominent physician 
and surgeon of St. Paul; John M., an attorney of Ritzville, Wash- 
ington ; George, who is practicing law in Minnesota ; and James, who 
is engaged in the insurance business in Minneapolis. The daughters 
of the household were: Mary, the wife of M. A. Montague, who 
is engaged in the land business in Iowa; Lyda, the wife of P. M. 
Daly, in the interior department of Washington, D. C. ; Marcella, 
the wife of Thomas Gerraghty, an attorney of Valdez, Alaska ; Mar- 
garet, the wife of Frank J. O'Rourke, of Freeport, Illinois, who is 
assistant editor of a daily paper there; and Theresa and Katherine, 
at home. 

When Edward J. Cannon was a lad of eight years the family 
removed to the Hawkeye state and following the acquirement of his 
more specific literary education he went to St. Paul, Minnesota, in 
the fall of 1887 and there entered upon the study of law in the office 
of Thompson & Taylor, who directed his reading until his admission 
to the bar on the 1st of June, 1890. He then entered upon the prac- 
tice of his profession in St. Paul, where he remained until January 1, 
1906, when he came to Spokane, having received the appointment of 
division counsel for the Northern Pacific Railroad Company for that 

156 <£btoarb 3[ameg Cannon 

portion of the line extending from Paradise, Montana, to the Colum- 
bia river and including all of its branches. In this capacity he still 
continues and at the same time is counsel for the Spokane, Portland 
& Seattle Railroad from Pasco eastward. In addition he practiced 
in partnership with Arthur B. Lee, the firm pursuing a general prac- 
tice and enjoying a high reputation for ability in the profession. 
Since that time changes have occurred in the firm and there are now 
six lawyers in the office. They represent seven of the casualty com- 
panies doing business in Spokane and Mr. Cannon is also attorney 
for the First National Bank of Hillyard and the National Bank of 
Commerce of Spokane. As division counsel of the Northern Pacific 
he has twelve hundred miles of road under his legal direction and 
is legal adviser for altogether two thousand miles of road. In ad- 
dition to his other railway connections he is attorney for the Camas 
Prairie Railroad and the Washington, Idaho & Montana Railroad. 
In the field of corporation law his work has been of a very impor- 
tant character. He is also attorney for the Stanton Packing Com- 
pany and attorney for various irrigation companies, and probably 
no firm in Spokane has a more extensive corporation practice. They 
employ their own court stenogapher and their own claim agent. Out- 
side of the strict path of his profession Mr. Cannon has extended 
his efforts into other fields and is now president of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Hillyard and a director of the National Bank of Com- 
merce of Spokane. He is also president of the New World Life 
Insurance Company and acts as its counsel. He is the owner of one 
hundred and sixty acres of land, on Half Moon prairie, which is 
devoted to the raising of fruit. 

On October 9, 1890, at St. Paul. Minnesota, Mr. Cannon was mar- 
ried to Miss Helen L. Appleton, a daughter of James B. and Louise 
(Walker) Appleton, of Osage, Iowa. Three children have been born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Cannon, Louise Marie, Helen Eliza and Marcella. 
At 416 East Rockwood boulevard is situated the family home, over 
which Mrs. Cannon graciously presides and where she dispenses cor- 
dial hospitality to the numerous friends of the family who are wont 
to gather there for many a pleasant hour. 

Mr. Cannon is well known in social connections as a member of 
the Spokane. Spokane Country and Inland Clubs, and is a life mem- 
ber of the Spokane Athletic Club. He likewise belongs to Spokane 
Lodge, No. 228. B. P. O. E., and the Knights of Columbus, in which 
he has held all the chairs. He is also connected with the Chamber of 
Commoce and his cooperation is given to every movement instituted 

€btoaro James (Cannon 157 

by that organization for the benefit and upbuilding of the city. His 
entire life has been characterized by continuous advancement. Every 
step in his career has been a forward one and the thoroughness with 
which he has mastered every task and performed every duty consti- 
tutes the secret of his success. In the law he has never failed to 
give careful preparation and a keen analytical mind enables him to 
readily determine the salient points in a case and apply legal prin- 
ciple and precedent correctly. In the field of business, too, his sound 
judgment has manifested itself iiv judicious investment and the wise 
control of his interests. 

<y f lJ-U&snsvZcZZ£^ m 

Ityomas &ebbtng tannatt 

(HOMAS REDDING TANNATT, now living re- 
tired in Spokane, was born at Verplanck Point on 
the Hudson river in New York, September 27, 
1833. His father, James S. Tannatt, died in 1843 
and was long survived by his wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Mary C. Gilmore and died in 1891. 
The grandparents of Thomas R. Tannatt came from Scotland, near 
Lake Dunbarton. At the time of the Stuart rebellion all their lands 
were confiscated and in return they were given large tracts of land in 
Canada, near Ottawa. Accordingly they came to America and the 
grandfather named the town of Paisley, Canada. He lived to the 
very venerable age of one hundred and two years. James S. Tan- 
natt was at one time a partner of Chauncey Depew's father in the 
ownership and operation of steamship lines on the Hudson river. 
He was a prominent whig during the Clay campaign and for four 
years he filled the position of purveyor at the Brooklyn navy yard. 

In the absence of public schools Thomas R. Tannatt attended an 
academy at Peekskill, New York, now known as the Peekskill Mili- 
tary Academy, and while there was a schoolmate of Chauncey De- 
pew. He was only ten years of age when his father died and at that 
time he was sent to New Hampshire, where he worked on a farm 
during the summer months and attended school during the winter 
seasons for six years. The next three years he served as an appren- 
tice at bridge building and large construction work in Salem, Massa- 
chusetts, and during his three years apprenticeship for three even- 
ings of each week during the last two years, he attended an evening 
school for instruction in mathematics, drawing and civil engineering. 
He then accepted a positon as assistant resident engineer on the water 
works at Jersey City, New Jersey. He filled that position until 
nearly twenty-one years of age, when he was tendered an appoint- 
ment to the West Point Military Academy from the Essex district 
of Massachusetts and was there graduated in 1858, being the seventh 
in rank in his class. While at West Point he rose to the captaincy 
of Company D, Cadets Battalion. Upon graduation he was com- 
missioned as brevet second lieutenant, unassigned, and ordered to 



£J)omas Probing tannatt 

Fortress Monroe, Virginia, as instructor in use of the Ballistic pen- 
dulum and, by war department order, made a member of an artillery 
board, with the late Generals Barry and Ord, "to revise and establish 
a new table of ranges, for all guns in service, and others submitted 
by the secretary of war." This board was the first to determine 
ranges for the "Parrott," "Hotchkiss" and "Hexagonal guns" not 
then in service. Subsequently he acted for one year as judge advo- 
cate of court martials and on special duty was then appointed second 
lieutenant of Battery M, Fourth United States Artillery. He joined 
his regiment at Fort Randall in South Dakota in June of 1860. 

In April of 1861 three of the five batteries at Randall were 
ordered east under the command of the late General Getty. On 
June 5, 1861, Lieutenant Tannatt found himself the only commis- 
sioned officer at his post, save the surgeon; his commanding officer 
declining to renew his oath of allegiance to the United States, de- 
serted the post, to join the Confederate army with rank of Brigadier 
General. On Christmas day of that year Lieutenant Tannatt 
crossed the Missouri river with two batteries and made a twenty- 
eight-day march to St. Joseph, Missouri, where he joined Major 
General Buell and moved with him to Louisville, Kentucky, where 
he was placed in command of Artillery Park at the fair grounds and 
also appointed inspector and assistant chief of artillery on General 
Buell's staff. He remained with that commander until they reached 
Huntsville, Alabama, when he was ordered to report to Governor 
Andrew of Massachusetts, after which, upon the request of Governor 
Andrew, General Barnard, chief of U. S. engineers, and General 
Barry, chief of artillery, he was transferred to the First Massa- 
chusetts Heavy Artillery and assumed command of his brigade con- 
sisting of his own regiment and the Second New York Heavy Artil- 
lery, occupying five forts on the south side of the Potomac. He 
had been made colonel of the Sixteenth Massachusetts Volunteer 
Infantry and this regiment had been previously raised by Lieuten- 
ant Tannatt as colonel. The appointment made Mr. Tannatt a 
senior colonel in the Army of the Potomac. He engaged in the bat- 
tle of Malvern Hill and other engagements up to the battle of Fred- 
ericksburg. While there he supervised the construction of Fort 
Whipple (now Fort Meyer), and also Fort C. F. Smith. 

During the Gettysburg campaign Colonel Tannatt was in com- 
mand of forces south of the Potomac, extending from Chain bridge 
to near Alexandria, and had under him five regiments of heavy artil- 
lery and three regiments of one hundred day men from Pennsyl- 

gEfromgg jt^etiiauig Eannatt 163 

vania. When General Grant took command Colonel Tannatt was 
ordered to select a brigade and join the Army of the Potomac, doing 
so on the third day of the Battle of the Wilderness. Three days 
after the engagement he was given a new brigade, consisting of the 
First Massachusetts, Third and Fifth Michigan and Fourth Wis- 
consin Regiments. These were known as the Second Brigade, Third 
Division, Second Army Corps, and in command General Tannatt 
took part in the battles of the Wilderness, Cold Harbor, North Anna, 
Spottsylvania Courthouse, Plank Road and several others. On the 
14th of June, 1865, he was wounded in the battle of Petersburg, was 
sent to a hospital and later sent home. While he was convalescing, 
the war closed and he sent his resignation to Washington. His had 
been a splendid military record, both before and through the period 
of the war, and he was well entitled to release from further service. 

In 1866 General Tannatt went to Colorado and engaged in mak- 
ing reports concerning mines for New York parties, which resulted 
in his return to the eastern metropolis and entering upon a three 
years' contract with six New York companies to act as resident en- 
gineer and general manager of their mines. He continued in that 
connection for five years, when his health failed and he returned to 
Massachusetts. Later he went to Tennessee, where he leased a state 
railroad thirty-five miles long and engaged in constructing thirty- 
five miles additional. When that was completed he returned to 
Massachusetts, where he met Henry Villard and in the fall of 1877 
came to the Pacific coast as Mr. Villard's confidential man. After 
seven months he returned to New York, where he continued with 
Mr. Villard for a year and then again came to the Pacific coast, 
where he invested in one hundred and fifty thousand acres of land 
for eastern capitalists. Some of this was purchased from the North- 
ern Pacific in Whitman county. He also invested at Seattle and 
likewise purchased large tracts of land in the Grand Ronde valley 
of Oregon. General Tannatt was representing a company of which 
Mr. Villard was the head and which built and still owns the lines of 
the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company. All this land was con- 
trolled under the company name of the Oregon Improvement Com- 
pany, with General Tannatt as manager and agent for eleven years. 
He then resigned his position to give his attention to fruit-raising 
at Farmington, having eighty-one acres in trees. He continued to 
develop and improve that property until 1907, when he retired, hav- 
ing the year previously purchased a home in Spokane, and in 1909 
he sold his land at Farmington. 

164 gjwmag ^fobbing gEannatt 

General Tannatt was the organizer and for four years the presi- 
dent of the East Washington Horticultural Society and for six years 
was regent at the Washington State Agricultural College. He owns 
considerable stock in the Trustee Company of Spokane and has at- 
tractive investments which return to him a good income. 

At Manchester, Massachusetts, April 17, 1860, General Tannatt 
was married to Miss Elizabeth F. Tappan, a daughter of Colonel 
Eben and Sally Tappan. Their two children are: Eben T., an 
engineer by profession, who has an office in the Empire State build- 
ing; and Miriam, the wife of Dr. C. K. Merriam. General Tannatt 
and his family are prominent socially and are well known on the 
Pacific coast. He is a member of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic and in 1886-7 was commander of the Loyal Legion of Oregon. 
He was for two consecutive years mayor of Walla Walla. He also 
holds membership with the Knights of Pythias and is a member of 
All Saints Cathedral. He is today one of the eight oldest living 
graduates of West Point. His has been indeed an eventful career, 
in which many exciting and interesting incidents and events have oc- 
cured. Since the war his efforts have been an important factor in 
the development and progress of the northwest, the value of his serv- 
ice being recognized by all who know aught of the history of this 
section of the country. 

t*rr7 l yx/si 

Sarrp & Jfflartm, JH 9. 

}N A thorough preparatory course and later in post- 
graduate work, Dr. Harry S. Martin laid the foun- 
dation for the success and progress which he has at- 
tained as a practitioner of medicine and surgery. 
For fourteen years he has followed his profession in 
Spokane, at all times keeping in touch with the ad- 
vancement that is being made by those who are regarded as leaders 
in this field. He was born, April 30, 1856, in the city of Guelph, On- 
tario, his parents being Peter S. and Elizabeth (Hall) Martin, both 
of whom were natives of England. The father's birth occurred in 
Nottinghamshire, while the mother was a native of Berkshire. She 
was descended from one of the old families of central England but 
Peter S. Martin represented a family that came originally from 
Normandy with William the Conqueror, at which time the name was 
spelled Martyne. Peter Martin was a farmer and stockman and in 
the year 1851 crossed the Atlantic in a sailing vessel to Canada, 
where he carried on general agricultural pursuits and also took a 
somewhat active part in public affairs, serving as councilman and 
registrar of Wellington county. He died in 1888, while his wife 
passed away in 1893. The two brothers of Dr. Martin are: Frank 
M., M. D., who is a graduate of Toronto University and now resides 
at Dundalk, Ontario; and George Martin, who is managing a farm 
at Valleyford, Washington. He wedded Mary Gerrie, two of whose 
brothers married daughters of the Martin family. The three sisters 
of Dr. Martin are : Ada, the wife of James McKee, who is engaged 
in the real-estate business in Vancouver, British Columbia, their 
daughter, Mrs. Hindley, being now the wife of Spokane's mayor; 
Emma, the wife of the Rev. Andrew Gerrie, residing in Torrington, 
Connecticut; and Martha, the wife of Rev. John P. Gerrie, who is 
now editing a newspaper at Stratford, Ontario. 

Dr. Martin devoted his youthful days largely to the acquirement 
of an education, attending the high school at Fergus and at Mount 
Forest, Ontario, and later the Ottawa Normal School. His medical 
education was obtained in Victoria University at Toronto, Ontario, 
where he won his professional degree. His first appointment was that 


168 %art? g>. jflarttn, JH. B. 

of resident physician in the Toronto General Hospital and subse- 
quently he embarked upon an independent practice near Guelph, 
Ontario, where he remained for eleven years. He next went to 
Chicago, where he spent nine months in pursuing post-graduate work 
in the Northwestern and Rush Medical Colleges and in a post-grad- 
uate school of medicine on Dearborn street. In May, 1897, he ar- 
rived in Spokane and in July of the same year took the state board 
medical examination, after which he at once entered upon active 
practice, in which he has since continued. He is ever careful in the 
diagnosis of cases and his judgment is sound and reliable. His work 
has commanded the respect of his professional brethren, who appre- 
ciate his close conformity to a high standard of professional ethics 
and the ability which he displays in the administration of remedial 
agencies. He is now secretary of the staff of the Sacred Heart Hos- 
pital, which is the pride of Spokane, and has occupied the position 
for several years. He was also the first city bacteriologist of Spo- 
kane, instituting the movement for the establishment of the depart- 
ment and made a fine record as the incumbent thereof. 

On the 24th of June, 1886, occurred the marriage of Dr. Martin 
and Miss Margaret L. Brown, a daughter of Dr. M. J. Brown, of 
Detroit, Michigan, now deceased. Her father was a cousin of 
Frances Folsom, who became the wife of Grover Cleveland. He be- 
longed to a well known old family and was distinguished for his ser- 
vice in the Union army. Dr. and Mrs. Martin have two sons: 
Douglas Ewart, nineteen years of age, now attending Whitman Col- 
lege; and Frank McPherson, eight years of age, attending the pub- 
lic schools. 

Dr. Martin is a member of the Chamber of Commerce and is 
interested in all its plans and movements for the development of the 
city, the exploitation of its resources and for the promotion of its 
material interests. His political support is given to the republican 
party and he is identified with many fraternal organizations, includ- 
ing the Masonic, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the An- 
cient Order of United Workmen, the Knights of Pythias, the Wood- 
men of the World and the Canadian Order of Foresters. He has 
been a noble grand in the Odd Fellows lodge, a master workman of 
the Workman's lodge, and medical examiner of the Woodmen of 
the World. In more strictly social lines he is also well known as a 
member of the Spokane Club and the Country Club and as a life 
member of the Spokane Athletic Club. He is an enthusiastic mem- 
ber and one of the directors of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 

^arrp §». ifflartin, 4H. jB. 

tion and for several years served on the finance committee during 
the time the present building was erected. His life has been an ex- 
pression of many notable principles and he is well known as an ex- 
emplary representative of the various societies to which he belongs 
and which have their root in beneficent purpose. In his professional 
service he has ever held to high ideals. With him sound judgment 
has never been sacrificed to hasty opinion and while he manifests a 
progressive spirit in adopting new ideas and improvements, he has 
never been quick to discard old and time tried methods which have had 
their root in long experience and bear the sanction of sound judg- 

fofjn <§. Cunningham, JfflL 3B. 

JR. JOHN G. CUNNINGHAM, a distinguished phy- 
sician and surgeon of Spokane and one to whom the 
country owes much for his interest and practical ef- 
forts in the development of the Alaska coal fields, 
was born in Winona, Minnesota, December 20, 1872, 
a son of John M. and Mary A. (Johnston) Cun- 
ningham. His father was a Minnesota farmer and is now living 
retired in St. Paul. Notwithstanding his eighty years he is still very 
active and in excellent health. The son was provided with liberal 
educational opportunities and received his profesional training in 
Rush Medical College of Chicago, from which he was graduated in 
1897 with the M. D. degree. He entered upon the practice of medi- 
cine in that city in connection with his brother, Dr. D. H. Cunning- 
ham, with whom he remained for a year and a half. Thinking, 
however, the far west would offer a better field, he came to Spokane 
in the fall of 1898 and here entered upon active practice. He has 
since remained a representative of the profession here and his ability 
has placed him in a foremost place as a representative of the medical 
profession of the northwest. He has made two trips to Europe, 
traveling extensively over that country, doing post-graduate work in 
various centers of medical learning and visiting all the leading hospi- 
tals and medical colleges of Europe and America. He specializes in 
surgery, is a member of the staff of the Sacred Heart Hospital of 
Spokane and is the surgeon of the Great Northern Railroad at Spo- 

Aside from his practice Dr. Cunningham has demonstrated his 
ability and resourcefulness in the field of business, in which prosper- 
ity has attended his efforts. He is the owner of large tracts of land 
and city property in and near Spokane and is also the owner of a 
large tract in the Horse Heaven country, being interested in the 
development of about thirty thousand acres there. He is largely 
responsible for the develojjment of the Alaska coal fields, being the 
first one to send an expert there, at his own expense, to explore and 
investigate the coal deposits of that country. With his associates he 
has spent upwards of three hundred thousand dollars in the exploi- 


174 fofm #. Cutmingftam, 0L JB. 

tation and development of the coal mines of Alaska and in this con- 
nection displays marked courage and foresight in bringing to the 
attention of the world the great coal resources of the northwest. He 
and his associates undertook the work in a most systematic manner, 
planning wisely for the opening of the country, the building of roads 
and the development of this great industry. Dr. Cunningham is 
also interested with liis brother, Clarence Cunningham, in the Coeur 
d'Alene mining district. 

In his social relations Dr. Cunningham is widely known as a 
member of the Spokane Club, the Country Club, the Spokane Ama- 
teur Athletic Club and the Elks Lodge, Xo. 228, of Spokane. His 
geniality and his cordiality win him friends wherever he goes and he 
leaves the stamp of his personal worth upon all with whom he comes 
in contact. 

On the 30th of June, 1904, Dr. Cunningham was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Claudia Petite, of Chicago, and they have a daughter, 
Margaret Claudia, born November 6, 1905. Mrs. Cunningham is a 
singer of note. She was at one time prima donna with the celebrated 
Bostonians and for the last two years has been studying grand opera 
in Em-ope with Cotogni, of Rome, as one of her instructors and was 
also a pupil under Professor Herman De Vries, of Paris. She made 
a very successful debut in grand opera in Rome, Italy, also sang 
before Queen Marguerita and received from Italian opera managers 
most flattering offers to return. She found that, contrary to the 
reports concerning the reception of American singers by the Ital- 
ians, she was most favorably and enthusiastically received, her splen- 
did vocal and dramatic power winning for her encore after encore. 
After singing before Queen Marguerita. whom she found very gra- 
cious and lovable, the queen presented her with a magnificent cluster 
of American beauties and appeared most interested in Mrs. Cunning- 
ham's replies to the queen's questions concerning her family. She 
has sung the principal roles in La Sonambula, Rigoletto, Traviata. 
Lucia and Madame Butterfly, and was asked by the Italian com- 
poser Storti to create the principal part in his neAv opera Venezia. 
She also appeared in concert in Rome and scored successes which have 
made her services sought by various managers. Dr. and Mrs. Cun- 
ningham have a most attractive home at No. 1722 Riverside avenue 
and are most prominent in social life in the city, aside from the 
prominence gained by the scientific attainment of the one and the 
artistic ability of the other. 



Horns Hiegler 

lOUIS Z1EGLEK, a man who "stood foursquare to 

L every wind that blows," a man whose nobility of 

^n\ character and integrity of action placed him above 
" the majority of his fellows, was for many years a 
resident of the northwest and continuously contrib- 
uted to its development not only in a material way 
but in that upbuilding of high ideals which constitutes the real 
basis of a country's progress. He was born at Kettrick in Rheirish 
Bavaria, Germany, July 17, 1837, and was in his fifteenth year when 
he accompanied his parents on the long voyage across the Atlantic. 
The family home was established in Ohio and some time afterward 
Louis Ziegler went from there to Maysville, Kentucky, where he 
learned the wagon-maker's trade. Three years were spent south of 
Mason and Dixon's line, after which he returned to Ohio, and for 
two years followed his trade in Russellville. He then went to Bloom- 
ington, Illinois, where he worked at wagon making until 1859 and in 
that year he established business on his own account, opening the first 
wagon and plow manufactory at Chenoa, McLean county, Illinois. 
Success attended the new enterprise and in 186.5 he was enabled to 
invest six thousand dollars in the erection of a new factory building, 
but disaster overtook him in 1870 in its destruction by fire. His losses 
were so great that he was not able at once to resume business and for 
two years he occupied the position of sergeant at arms in the Illinois 
state senate. He then returned to his native land, which had in the 
meantime, by the fortunes of the Franco-Prussian war, become incor- 
porated in the newly formed German empire. 

The year 1873 again witnessed Mr. Ziegler's arrival in Illinois, 
where he once more embarked in business, forming a partnership with 
John Dehner for the purchase of the Chenoa flour mill, which they 
operated until 1876. when again his savings were sacrificed to the fire 
god. The following year he erected a new flour mill in Chenoa but 
again he suffered heavily through fire in March, 1878, leaving him 
without the means for reconstruction. He spent the next seventeen 
months in the settlement of his affairs and in the conduct of a grain 
trade at Chenoa. While his business did not prosper, owing to no 


JLouist Hiegler 

fault of his own, he rose steadily in the regard of his fellow townsmen 
as a man of reliability, worthy of confidence and regard, and in ap- 
preciation of his personal qualities they called him to public office. 
He served as justice of the peace from 1861 until 1865 and in 1869 
was elected mayor, giving to the city a businesslike, progressive ad- 
ministration that led to his reelection for a second term. He also be- 
came prominent in Masonic circles there, joining Chenoa Lodge, No. 
292, F. & A ; M., of which he was elected master in 1861, thus serving 
for twelve years. He became the first high priest of Chenoa Chapter, 
No. 143, R. A. M., and filled the position for five years, beginning in 
1870, and again after an interval. He joined Yates City Consistory, 
A. F. & A. M., of Peoria, and from 1862 until his departure from the 
state was a member of the grand lodge of Illinois, of which he served 
as senior grand warden in 1878-9. In political circles, too, Mr. Zieg- 
ler made his presence felt. In an address delivered at the time of his 
death, John Arthur, at one time grand master of the Masonic lodge 
of Washington, said of Mr. Ziegler: "In the state of Illinois, amongst 
a population almost wholly American by nativity, the young German 
loomed into prominence as a thorough student of public questions 
and a forceful advocate of his views and sentiments. He had dili- 
gently studied the English language and the historians, poets, ora- 
tors, philosophers and publicists who wrote and spoke in it. He had 
come to speak it without a perceptible trace of foreign accent. His 
power as a logical exponent of republican principles, aims and policies 
attracted attention; and his friendship was cultivated and valued by 
such great chiefs of that party as Senator Shelby M. Cullom, General 
John A. Logan, Governor Richard Oglesby and General John Mc- 
Nulty, who had singled him out as one of the rising leaders of the 
party in those strenuous days when only strong men forged to the 
front; indeed, Brother Ziegler was by nature, temperament and con- 
scious power quite unfitted to be a follower anywhere or in any cause." 

On the 25th of December, 1862, occurred the marriage of Louis 
Ziegler and Miss Margaret Jane Sample, a lady of rare excellence 
and beauty of character who belonged to a prominent Illinois family. 
They became the parents of three children but William Henry is the 
only son and the only one now living. The daughter, Jennie Louise, 
died only a few months after her marriage, and Frederika Louisa 
died in March, 1872, at the age of five years. 

When fire had three times laid waste his property at Chenoa, Mr. 
Ziegler resolved to try his fortune elsewhere and came to the north- 
west, arriving at Spokane Falls in August, 1879. Here he at once 

Houtg Ztegler 179 

made and carried out plans for entering into business life thus pro- 
viding for his family, and at the same time he affiliated with the 
Masonic organization of Spokane, joining Spokane Lodge, which 
was then under dispensation. With the granting of its charter he 
became its first worshipful master and during the greater part of his 
after life he was a prominent member of the grand lodge of this 
state, serving in various offices. He was elected to the position of 
grand marshal and when the grand lodge convened for the first time 
in Spokane, which was still known as Spokane Falls, June -1, 1884, he 
was elected deputy grand master. In 1885, at the meeting of the 
grand lodge in Tacoma, he was chosen grand master. That he was a 
man of eloquence and had great love for his adopted home in the 
northwest is indicated by words which he uttered on that occasion, 
speaking of the Puget Sound as "a place of exquisite beauty and de- 
light, one of the most lovely inland seas upon the earth, teeming with 
abundance of delicious fishes and all kinds of molluscan delicacies of 
rarest flavor. No people on earth," he continued, "are so especially 
favored by munificent nature as our people who are vouchsafed homes 
on this delightful sea. Upon the bosom of these placid waters ride 
the ships of all nations, taking and bringing the products of the earth 
for barter and exchange. But if we raise our eyes and look, we will 
behold, on our right, the mighty Cascade range, with fir-clad hills 
and snow-capped mountains piercing the clouds, with heads of per- 
petual ice, forming a formidable barrier, which separates this magnifi- 
cent Mediterranean of the Pacific from our Inland Empire of most 
fertile fields, where the husbandman reaps the richest of rewards for 
honest toil." 

He was reelected grand master and on the 1st of June, 1887, 
opened in Vancouver the thirteenth annual communication of the 
grand lodge. A splendid and scholarly rhapsody on the Columbia 
river, flowing at their feet, makes the foreword of his message a verit- 
able classic. In fervent and glowing language he follows the great 
river's course from the dark forests and snow-clad mountains of Brit- 
ish Columbia into Idaho, Washington and Oregon, and finds it em- 
blematical of the varied duties of human life. "Taking its way," he 
says, "through the winding and intricate labyrinths which mark the 
course of human events, and through which all men are destined to 
pass, — by aid of the clue of reason and understanding, if we but per- 
severe in the proper discharge of our duties, we shall emerge from the 
mysterious recesses of intellectual darkness and enter that state of 
light and wisdom which is bestowed as an inheritance of perpetual 


Houisi Higgler 

keeping on those who are faithful to every trust and obedient to the 
laws and duties of true manhood." Throughout all the years of his 
connection with Masonry he cherished a most lofty conception of the 
order, its purposes and its work. 

Mr. Ziegler remained throughout his life a student of the classics, 
an associate of the master minds of all ages. Again we quote from 
the address of Mr. Arthur, who said: "Louis Ziegler never completely 
rallied from the shock and the grief caused by his wife's death. If 
man was ever spoiled by the assiduous, unremitting care and thought- 
ful attentions and services of a loving and devoted wife, he was that 
man ; and when she left him he felt very much alone in the world and 
very helpless in his own well equipped home. His old strong, aggres- 
sive spirit gradually left him: lie often said that he was lagging super- 
fluous on the stage; Reed and Haller and other intimate friends of 
bygone days had passed to the realms beyond; a new generation had 
sprung up and willingly assumed the burdens formerly borne by 
himself and his friends and associates; the city in which he had for 
years known every man, woman and child was now filled with strange 
faces from all parts of the world; he had (among the very few) saved 
alibis property from the general wreck of the panic years, 1893-1897, 
and had well-nigh discharged all of the erstwhile heavy incumbrances 
upon it; his son had taken his place in the active management of 
affairs ; he himself had nothing to do but while away the hours in the 
silent company of his favorite authors, whose merits, beauties and 
philosophy his neighbors were too busy to consider or discuss with 
him ; he viewed with horror the very possibility of becoming a useless 
and decrepit old man, detailing his aches and pains to an unsympa- 
thetic world; he felt that his life work had been successfully and 
satisfactorily done and that he ought not to remain to cumber the 
earth; and so, in the splendid young city where we are holding this 
annual communication, which he had nursed in its infancy and zeal- 
ously and ably assisted in developing from a hamlet of a couple of 
hundred persons to a commercial mart having a population exceeding 
one hundred and fifteen thousand, Louis Ziegler, grand master of 
Masons in Washington from June 4. 1885. to June 3, 1887, resigned 
his soul to the Grand Architect of the universe at the hour of 3:50 
o'clock in the afternoon of Sunday, January 15, 1911, after an ill- 
ness of ten days. * * * In one of his letters tome from Germany, 
Brother Ziegler says: 'I am here in the land of Wilhelm, Bismarck, 
Luther, Goethe, Schiller and Friedrich der Grosse and hosts of other 
famous men. It is indeed interesting in the greatest degree. As you 

Houtg Ziegter 181 

know, I am not particularly bound to any country or people but have 
a hearty appreciation of all.' This last expression is a true index to 
his exceptional broadmindedness and his rare exemption from na- 
tional bias or sectarian prejudices. Pie was the friend of all peoples 
and of all religions. When the Jesuit missionaries from the Colville 
Indian reservation, in the days before railroad communication was 
established, came, weary, worn and dust-laden to Spokane Falls for 
the necessary provisions and funds, it was to the home of Louis Zieg- 
ler, the German Lutheran, that they first betook themselves; there 
they found hearty welcome and good cheer and remained until their 
mission was accomplished; and from that generous and hospitable 
home they never went away empty-handed. 

"At the funeral of Mrs. Ziegler three years ago I was impressed 
with the manifestly sincere grief of the Catholic priests who attended 
the beautifully simple ceremonies at the residence, and with the large 
attendance of the Roman Catholics of Spokane; and I made inquiry 
as to the cause. Everybody was able to tell me. The scene was repro- 
duced at his own funeral; and as I repeated the Masonic service of 
sorrow in the same place, the members of the ancient church were 
among the most deeply affected mourners. Many of them expressed 
to me afterward their profound appreciation of the sublimity and 
grandeur of our ritual and their love and admiration for their de- 
parted friend. 

"On previous visits to the Ziegler home I had the pleasure of 
meeting there the Jewish rabbi, whose learning and ability were highly 
prized by Brother Ziegler and who, I found, was a frequent visitor 
and showed in every way that he knew himself to be among warm and 
trusted friends. Everyone who liked to talk of the higher things of 
life found delight in that home. Brother Ziegler had studied with 
deepest interest the works of the great religious masters of all ages 
and climes; — he could almost 

Behold each mighty shade reveal'd to sight, 

The Bactrian, Samian sage, and all who taught the right. 

"His memory to the last was uncommonly retentive and accurate; 
and he had at his fingers' ends the contents of his extensive and well 
selected library. A stranger hearing him in the discussion of re- 
ligious, philosophical, literary, poetical or historic subjects would be 
sure to conclude that Brother Ziegler belonged to one of the learned 
professions and could not all his life have been an active business man ; 
but like our great merchant, Alexander T. Stewart, who read a por- 

182 jUutg Ziegler 

tion of Horace's Odes every morning before going to his store ; George 
Grote, the historian of Greece; Samuel Rogers, the poet; and Sir 
John Lubbock, the philosopher and scientist — all three of whom were 
bankers— Brother Ziegler did not allow the exactions of business to 
absorb and monopolize his intellectual activity and powers. 

"It will readily be understood that a man who steadily cultivated 
his mind on those high lines and was of massive build and dominating 
personality, was a formidable antagonist in this grand lodge and that 
he generally had his way. 

"He was a veritable Rupert of debate and a bulwark of old- 
fashioned Masonic principles. Withal he was an able and sagacious 
business man. As soon as he could close his affairs in Illinois after the 
loss of his flouring mill by fire, he came, in August, 1879, to Washing- 
ton territory and sought the wheat-growing country of the Walla 
Walla valley; but after seeing the little village which was growing 
up beside the mighty cataracts of the Spokane river, he decided that 
the potential motive power of those cataracts would in time attract 
capital and industries and compel the rise of an imporant commercial 
center; and here he started in the hardware business and laid the foun- 
dations of a fortune. He retired from store-keeping in 1886. After 
the destructive fire of 1889, which swept the business district of the 
young city, and the fourth from which he suffered, he was the first 
man to start a brick building; and the Ziegler block still stands as a 
testimony to his confidence and his foresight. As might be expected 
from a man of his calibre, he was a generous, gracious and forbearing 
landlord. No bill for rent was ever presented to a tenant. The ar- 
rears might run for months, and no allusion was made to them. No- 
body asked for a written lease ; Brother Ziegler's word that the tenant 
could stay as long as he wished was known by everybody to be as good 
as a bond. For over twenty years the same man has been the janitor 
of the block ; and the engineer and the yardman have held their posi- 
tions for over eight years. They all feel more like the retainers of a 
feudal chieftain of old than latter-day employes. Indeed, there was 
in Brother Ziegler a good deal of the spirit of the feudal lord. His 
home belonged to everybody, and it was sacred to hospitality. He 
delighted to have the friends and neighbors around him and to make 
them happy. Proud of Lord Bolingbroke's close friendship, Alex- 
ander Pope exclaims : 

'Here St. John mingles with my friendly bowl 
The feast of reason and the flow of soul.' 
So it was at the Ziegler home; it was entertainment of the lofty kind 

totag Ziegler 183 

when kindred spirits gathered there; and the brighter they were, the 
more highly did they prize the remarkable intellectual resources of 
their host. 

"In an address which I had the privilege of delivering to you in 
this city in June, 1906, on our deeply beloved grand secretary, 
Thomas Milburne Reed, 1 adverted in these words to a circumstance 
which you will pardon me for recalling: 'Another wish very dear to 
his heart was fulfilled. Fifteen or twenty years before, a fraternal 
compact was made between three past grand masters of Washington: 
Colonel Granville O. Haller, U. S. A., of Seattle; Hon. Louis Zieg- 
ler, of Spokane (past senior grand warden of the grand lodge of Illi- 
nois) ; and Hon. Thomas Milburne Reed, of Olympia, that one or 
other of the survivors should conduct and perform the Masonic cere- 
mony at the burial of the departed. Brother Haller passed away 
first, and Brother Ziegler officiated. Brother Reed followed next. 
When we informed Grand Master Miller of the compact he grace- 
fully and generously invited Brother Ziegler to take his place and 
conduct at the grave the Masonic ceremonies over the remains of his 
dear and departed friend. The magnificent attendance of Masons 
from all corners of Washington will not soon forget the words of 
philosophy, love and eulogy so touchingly pronounced on that oc- 
casion by the last survivor of the three parties to the compact. They 
were worthy of Reed and worthy of Ziegler. Par nobile fratrum.' 

"With the remains of our dear friend consigned to the tomb, a 
similar compact was entered into between Brother Ziegler and myself. 
When I saw that his end was approaching, I apprised Grand Master 
Neterer of the compact. Upon learning of Brother Ziegler's death, 
and with that fine courtesy and warm Masonic spirit so eminently 
characteristic of him, our grand master promptly appointed me as 
his special deputy to convene the grand lodge at Spokane and con- 
duct the Masonic burial services over the remains of our departed 
brother. On January 19th we buried him with grand lodge honors. 

"Thus passed away a Mason of the old school and a character of 
classic mould and proportions. Louis Ziegler possessed in high de- 
gree the virile qualities, mental equipment and moral courage which 
go to make leaders of men. He was one of the most earnest, vigorous 
and highly gifted of our grand masters, and he made upon Wash- 
ington Masonry an impression that will not soon be effaced. Peace 
to his ashes!" 


&eto. Samuel #. ftabermale 

lHAT a long procession there would be if all could be 

W,J summoned upon whose lives the Rev. Samuel G. 
Wfy Havermale had a direct influence for good! He de- 
' voted many years to the ministry and while he ever 
had one hand up-reaching toward the high ideals and 
principles which he cherished, the other hand was ever 
down-reaching in sympathy and help to those whom he attempted to 
bring to his own high level. The qualities of sympathy and friend- 
ship were strongly his and made him a favorite wherever he was 
known. His name is inseparably associated with the history of Spo- 
kane, inasmuch as he was the first minister who ever preached to the 
white inhabitants of this town and was otherwise connected with 
events which are now matters of history here. His birth occurred 
near Sharpsburg. Maryland, October 15, 1824, his parents being 
Peter and Marie (Gardner) Havermale, both of whom came of Hol- 
land ancestry but were born in this country. There were eight chil- 
dren in their family, seven sons and a daughter, and the birthplace 
of the Rev. Samuel G. Havermale was on the ground where the bat- 
tle of Antietam afterward took place. He was but seven years of age 
when in 1831 his parents removed to the foothills of South Mountain, 
settling near Hagerstown, Maryland. Two years later they crossed 
the Alleghanies to what was then the far west, establishing their home 
in Montgomery county, Ohio, where the boy grew to manhood upon 
the home farm, experiencing the usual conditions and hardships in- 
cident to the development of a new farm in a frontier district. He 
was twenty years of age when in 1844 the family removed to Fulton 
county, Illinois, and there he entered business life as a salesman in a 
store and also embraced the opportunity of further promoting his own 
education by attending the public schools and afterward the Rock 
River Seminary. He always displayed aptitude in his studies but 
his early advantages were very limited, owing to the primitive condi- 
tion of the schools in Ohio. Just before he left that state he took 
part in a spelling match in which a prize was offered, and after an 
exciting contest he won the prize from his cousin, Helen Havermale. 
The prize was a history of the explorations of Lewis and Clarke to 


&eb. Samuel 0. ^abcrmalc 

the northwest and its perusal awakened in him a desire to come to 
this country, which he carried out in later life. In Illinois he en- 
gaged in teaching school for a time and also entered actively upon the 
work of the ministry in that state. He was licensed as a preacher of 
the Methodist church a short time before his marriage but was not as- 
signed to a regular charge until September, 1852, when Bishop Ames 
appointed him to the Ridott circuit in the Rock river conference, which 
circuit then embraced portions of Ogle, Stephenson and Winnebago 
counties of Illinois. For twenty-one years Rev. S. G. Havermale con- 
tinued in the work of the ministry in northern Illinois save for a brief 
period in 1863, when by appointment of President Lincoln he served 
as a member of the Christian commission, being on duty at Vicks- 
burg, Mississippi, among the soldiers and returning prisoners from 
southern prisons. Even at that time he did not cease preaching, de- 
livering sermons at various points, often as many as five a day. He 
then returned to his labors in Illinois, where he remained until 1873. 

The Rev. Havermale saw the fulfillment of his long cherished 
hope to come to the northwest when on the 22d of September, 1873, 
he was transferred to the Columbia river conference and assigned to 
the pastorate of the Methodist church at Walla Walla, then the lead- 
ing town of the Inland Empire. He was made presiding elder by 
Bishop Merrill the following year and his duties called him to all 
parts of eastern Washington and Oregon and to portions of Idaho. 
On journeying from Walla Walla to Colville he lost his way in the 
vicinity of Medical Lake and, following false directions, arrived at 
Spokane Falls. Thus by chance he came to the city where on the 
14th of November, 1875, he preached the first sermon delivered to a 
congregation of white people, services being held in a small box house 
just west of the present city hall site. Twenty-five years later the 
Methodists celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of that event, Mr. 
Havermale preaching the sermon on that occasion. He was charmed 
with the little town which he inadvertently visited and removed his 
family to this place from Walla Walla, taking up a homestead claim 
which covered the districts now included in the Havermale addition, 
the Havermale second additon, the River Front addition, Pittwood's 
addition, the Keystone addition and the Spokane river and islands 
from Division street to Mill street. Nearly all of this property he 
sold at good prices, which brought him a handsome competence. 

While Mr. Havermale continued to preach the gospel and labored 
untiringly for the moral progress of the community, he also aided 
in its material development and its public affairs, recognizing the 

&eb. j&amgel #. %abermale 189 

fact the minister is not to hold himself aloof hut is to take part in 
those things which constitute life and its experiences and in such sur- 
roundings make his own example and precepts a permeating influ- 
ence for good. He was associated with George A. Davis in building 
the original Echo flouring mills, thus installing the first full roller 
process in Washington. He also served as president of the first town 
hoard of trustees, during which administration the fine system of 
water works was established. 

It was in Jo Daviess county, Illinois, on the 1st of November, 
1849, that Mr. Havermale was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth 
Goldthorp and unto them were born three children two of whom still 
survive: Laura V., the wife of Dr. B. F. Burch, of Spokane; and 
Schuyler S., who is now a stockman of San Diego county, Califor- 
nia. Wilbur died in San Diego about fifteen years ago. There 
are also five grandchildren living in Spokane: Mrs. John W. Gra- 
ham, W. G. Burch, Mrs. S. B. Slee, Lita and Carl Burch. The 
great-grandchildren are, Wallace Spoor Burch, Mollie Graham, 
Watford Slee, Bettie Slee, Fred Slee and Bennie Burch. 

The Rev. Havermale continued a resident of Spokane until 1887, 
when failing health caused him to seek a change of climate and he 
went to San Diego, California. In 1898, however, he returned to 
Spokane, where he resided up to the time of his death, which occurred 
January 13, 1904, and was buried in Fairmount cemetery. He was 
almost eighty years of age when he passed away and among his pos- 
sessions were the "blest accompaniments of age — honors, riches, troops 
of friends." He was always a man of scholarly tastes and habits, 
and his reading was particularly broad and, combined with his ex- 
periences, gave him keen insight into human nature and thus quali- 
fied him particularly to help his fellowmen by speaking a word in sea- 
son or extending a helping hand when needed. Human sympathy 
was one of his salient characteristics and combined with keen intelli- 
gence in enabling him to uplift humanity. He left his impress for 
good upon Spokane, the city and its people, and his memory is ten- 
derly cherished by those who knew him. 


, stsO r LO't' 

Mmitl %. Btoigfjt 

$§SOc £ ^ jil INMOST a quarter of a century has passed since 

A $2 Daniel H. Dwight came to Spokane and in this 
^ 2 period he has not only witnessed the greater part of 
» the city's growth but has also contributed to its devel- 
opment. A review of his life record shows that he is 
an energetic business man, indefatigable in his ef- 
forts to win success and yet he gives a due proportion of his time to 
public service and in the offices he has rilled has made his work count 
for much in the sum total of Spokane's progress and improvement. 

He was born in Dudley, Massachusetts, February 2-1, 1862. 
Through more than two hundred and fifty years the Dwight family, 
of English origin, has been represented on American soil, John 
Dwight having settled in Dedham, Massachusetts, in 1634. Members 
of the family have since been found in Xew England, including two 
presidents of Yale College, father and grandson, both of whom bore 
the name of Timothy Dwight. Three of the family were participants 
in the Revolutionary war — Captain William Dwight, who was cap- 
tain of a company of militia raised at Thompson, Connecticut, and 
Captain Joseph Elliott, who with his company participated in the en- 
gagement at Bunker Hill. Moses Lippitt, who served throughout 
the Revolutionary war, was wounded and drew a pension in recogni- 
tion of the aid which he rendered his country. 

Daniel Dwight, father of Daniel H. Dwight of this review, was 
born in Dudley, Massachusetts, and is now living with his son and 
namesake in Spokane at the very venerable age of ninety-four years. 
During his active life he followed the occupation of farming and 
was very prominent in public affairs, being called to a number of 
county and state offices. He frequently served as treasurer and 
selectman of his county and was a member of the state board of 
agriculture. He was also a trustee of Nichols Academy of Dudley. 
He wedded Mary E. Low. Her father was Major John Low, who 
was major of a militia company of Rhode Island, his commission 
making him an officer of the Fifth Regular Rhode Island Militia be- 
ing dated June 17, 1811. so that it is now more than one hundred 
years old. His daughter Mrs. Mary E. Dwight passed away in 1881. 



Baniel %. Btoig&t 

By her marriage she had become the mother of three children, the 
sisters being: Susan E., now the wife of C. A. Babcock, a retired 
merchant living in Boston; and Mary A., the wife of W. H. Isaacs, 
a mining broker of Los Angeles, California. 

Daniel H.Thvight was educated in the common schools of Massa- 
chusetts, in the high school of his native town and in Nichols Academy, 
from which he was graduated in 1878. He afterward pursued post- 
graduate work in 1880. He first engaged in teaching school at Dud- 
ley and afterward acted as private tutor. He traveled extensively 
over the United States with one of his pupils and finally settled in 
Spokane in 1887. Here he at once engaged in the real-estate busi- 
ness more as a dealer than as an agent. He bought and sold prop- 
erty, erected buildings and developed his holdings and has always 
operated alone. At the present time he is the owner of considerable 
valuable realty in Spokane. He suffered from fire to some extent 
in 1889 and witnessed the burning of the town but has lived to see 
its rebuilding on a far grander and more progressive scale than ever 
before. In addition to his real-estate operations he is a director in 
the Fidelity National Bank. 

Mr. Dwight is very active in other ways, being recognized as one 
of the leading republicans of Spokane. He served as committeeman 
of the city and of the county, was treasurer of the Young Men's 
Republican Club and was frequently a delegate to city and county 
conventions. While in Dudley, Massachusetts, he was a member of 
the board of education and took an active and helpful interest in the 
public affairs of that place, being frequently called upon to deliver 
Memorial Day addresses and to act as marshal of parades even when 
a boy. In 1895 he was elected a member of the Spokane board of 
education, on which he served for three years, acting as president of 
the board during the last two years of that period. In 1897 he was 
a candidate for the legislature on the republican ticket, which, how- 
ever, met defeat in that year, being opposed by a fusion ticket. 
Nevertheless, Mr. Dwight polled a larger vote than was given to the 
majority of republican candidates, a fact indicative of his personal 
popularity and the confidence reposed in him. By a superior court 
of appointment he became one of the eminent domain commissioners 
and he is a member of the board of park commissioners but will re- 
tire in February, 1912. There are eleven members of the board, one 
going out every year. He served on the commission in 1893-4 and 
is now serving for the second term as park commissioner. He was a 
member of the city council of Spokane during the reconstruction 

JBantel %. JBtoigftt 195 

period after the great tire and in the midst of the ever memorable 
panic. For a short time he was acting mayor of Spokane. It was 
an arduous time but Mr. Dwight proved equal to the occasion. New 
waterworks had to be constructed and a great deal of bridge work 
had to be done, together with much improvement of the city streets. 
Therefore, a policy had to be formulated and instituted to meet the 
existing conditions. In all of the reconstruction work Mr. Uwight 
was actively engaged and his duties were most faithfully performed. 
During his term of office the cantilever Monroe street bridge was 
completed and much other notable public work accomplished. Mr. 
Dwight recognized his own capacities and powers and with faith in 
the city he formulated the plans for public improvement and time has 
demonstrated the wisdom of his opinions and the soundness of his 
judgment. He avoided every needless expenditure yet he did not 
believe in parsimonious retrenchment that works against the con- 
tinued development and benefit of the city. During his first service 
on the board of park commissioners the Coeur d'Alene Park was the 
only one which the commissioners developed. At that time it was a 
dense thicket, around which there was a fence in order to hold the 
property in conformity with the promise on which the gift of the 
park was made to the city. Today Coeur d'Alene is one of the beauty 
spots of Spokane — a splendidly developed park which is a never fail- 
ing delight to all. When Mr. Dwight was appointed to fill a vacancy 
on the board in 1908 there was much work to be done, new area hav- 
ing been added to the park system. In 1910 one million dollars was 
voted for park bonds, which will enable the board to greatly enlarge 
the park area. Up to tin's time park improvements have been con- 
fined largely to Manito, Liberty, Corbin and Hayes parks. Mr. 
Dwight certainly deserves much credit for what he has done in behalf 
of the city and its improvement. He has not only recognized existing 
conditions but has looked beyond the exigencies of the moment to 
the possibilities, needs and opportunities of the future and has labored 
not only for this but also for the oncoming generation. 

In 1892 Mr. Dwight was elected a member of the city council for 
three years and in 1893 and 1894 was president of the council and 
called the first council meeting held in the present city hall, situated 
at the corner of Howard street and Front avenue. It was also dur- 
ing his incumbency as president of the council that Coxey's army 
of fifteen hundred passed through Spokane and the general in charge 
called on the council, demanding one thousand pounds of beef, twelve 
hundred loaves of bread and transportation out of the city. The 

196 jjgnjej §. Btotgftt 

council did not comply with the demand but gave them the necessary 
provisions for the time being and the Northern Pacific Railroad 
Company furnished the transportation in the way of box cars. It 
was while Mr. D wight was a member of the board that Adlai E. 
Stevenson, then vice president of the United States, visited Spokane 
on his trip to the west, and in his official capacity our subject was 
one of the committee on entertainment. 

Mr. D wight has been treasurer of the Chamber of Commerce 
and is active in that work which is instituted by the organization for 
Spokane's improvement. He holds membership with the Sons of the 
American Revolution and has been president of the local chapter. 
He joined Imperial Lodge, No. 134, I. O. O. F., immediately after 
its organization. He is a member of Westminster Congregational 
church and has always been ready to assist in charitable and benevo- 
lent work. He contributed toward erecting and maintaining the 
present Young Men's Christian Association building and many other 
worthy enterprises. 

His home life, too, had its inception in Spokane in his marriage, 
on the 9th of August, 1887, to Miss Mary P. Willis, a daughter of 
W. G. Willis, a retired merchant of Duluth, Minnesota, who re- 
moved to Spokane and made this city his home. He was born in 
Dana, Massachusetts, a representative of an old New England fam- 
ily, and was a Civil war veteran. Mr. and Mrs. Dwight are the par- 
ents of three children: Daniel Willis, born July 21, 1893; Mary E., 
August 12, 1895; and Dorothy F., August 26, 1899. All are yet in 
school. Mr. Dwight has a wide acquaintance in Spokane and the 
number of his friends is almost coextensive therewith. Even in his 
business life he has contributed to the upbuilding and improvement 
of the city and in public office his labors have been of almost incal- 
culable benefit. While he works toward high ideals, his methods are 
practical and his achievements notable. 

Josepi) Cbtoarb (§anbp, 01. 9. 

iR. JOSEPH EDWARD GANDY, a Spokane cap- 

Dv/ ,J italist, whose identification with the city dates from 
|2> the spring of 1880, has through his business activity 
»2 1 proven a most potent factor in the work of upbuild- 
ing and development here. The evidences of his 
sound business judgment and judicious investments 
are found in many of the substantial buildings of Spokane and his 
devotion to the public welfare is evidenced by the fact that he was 
one of the organizers of the Chamber of Commerce and has been a 
substantial and generous supporter to a large number of public 

Dr. Gandy was born at Sheboygan, Wisconsin, August 24, 1847, 
a son of Thomas and Minerva (Ross) Gandy. In the year 1843 the 
father removed from Philadelphia to Wisconsin where he engaged 
in teaching school, in farming and in other occupations. His wife 
was a descendant of Edward Carpenter Ross, who came to this 
country from Scotland in 1670 and settled in Vermont. Subse- 
quently representatives of the family removed to Ohio and in 1836 
when a young girl, Mrs. Gandy accompanied her parents to Linn 
county, Iowa. She afterward made a visit to Wisconsin and there 
met Thomas Gandy who sought her hand in marriage. They re- 
sided for a few years in the Badger state and then removed to Linn 
county, Iowa, in 1849. It was in that county that Dr. Gandy largely 
spent Ills youthful days and acquired his preliminary education in 
the district schools. On the 10th of May, 1864, he responded to the 
country's call for troops, enlisting in Company D of the Forty-fourth 
Iowa Infantry when a mere boy in his teens. With that command 
he served until the close of the war and took part in several en- 
gagements in Mississippi, Tennessee and Alabama. He was one 
of the youngest soldiers of the northern army but his fearlessness 
and loyalty were equal to that of many a veteran of twice his years. 

When the war was over Dr. Gandy returned home and completed 
a classical course in Cornell College at Mount Vernon, Iowa, from 
which he was graduated in 1870. He then took up the study of 
medicine in the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and was 

200 3fogepft C&toarb &atti>|>, M. jg. 

graduated from the medical department with the class of 1873. 
For two years thereafter he practiced at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and 
in 1875 arrived in Washington, settling first in Tacoma, where he 
engaged in practice for five years. In 1879, when a member of the 
territorial legislature from Pierce county, he supported and was a 
leading factor in the division of Stevens county, thereby creating 
Spokane county and temporarily establishing the county seat at 
Spokane Falls, which was later removed to Cheney. 

Dr. Gandy dates his residence in Spokane from the spring of 
1880, at which time the population of the city numbered but two 
hundred and fifty. It had already entered upon a period of rapid 
growth, however, for in the previous year its inhabitants had num- 
bered but one hundred. There were only three stores in the settle- 
ment and the little village showed every evidence of being upon 
the frontier. Dr. Gandy at once purchased a plat of land near the 
corner of Howard and Front streets, where the Union block now 
stands, and thereon erected a building. Since that time he has been 
very active and prominent in the building operations of the city and 
the evidences of his progressive and enterprising spirit are seen in 
many of the substantial structures here. In 1883 he was associated 
with Moore & Goldsmith, R. W. Forrest and E. B. Hyde in build- 
ing the first Union block of Spokane, which was the second brick 
building erected in this city and stood at the southeast corner of 
Howard and Front streets. The year after his arrival here Dr. 
Gandy was also appointed surgeon for the United States army and 
filled that position for two years, at the end of which time he resigned 
to continue in the private practice of medicine until 1889. His 
building operations have long continued and have been an important 
feature in Spokane's development. Among some of the later struc- 
tures which he has erected were the two Union blocks, the building 
now occupied by Tull & Gibbs, the Gandy block on Sprague avenue 
and the new Hotel Willard, which is at the corner of First and 
Madison streets and is one of the modern hostelries of the north- 
west. He has also figured in connection with financial affairs here, 
for he was one of the organizers of the Exchange National Bank, 
also of the Citizens National and the Big Bend National Bank of 
Davenport. The last two, however, are now out of existence. 

The life history of Dr. Gandy if written in detail would present 
a most faithful picture of pioneer conditions and experiences in this 
section of the country. In 1877 together with five other men he made 
a trip on horseback from Tacoma to the Yakima and Pasco country. 

gggggg gatoarj #anbp, jW. jg. 201 

They crossed the Cascade mountains and followed the McClellan 
path through Natehes Pass to old Yakima City. From that point 
they traveled all over what is now Klickitat and Benton counties, 
coming out on the Columbia river and thence returning to Yakima. 
This was during the period of the Nez Perces uprising. There are 
few men capable of speaking with as much authority upon matters 
connected with the history of eastern Washington as Dr. Gaudy, for 
not only has he been an interested witness of all the events and 
changes which have occurred but has also been an active factor in 
the work that has wrought the wonderful transformation which has 
evolved the splendid civilization of the present day from the wilder- 
ness of pioneer times. Moreover, he has been active in shaping the 
political history of the state, for in 1877 he was first elected a mem- 
ber of the territorial legislature from Pierce county, in which he 
served a term of two years. Following the admission of the state to 
the Union he was elected a member of the general assembly in 1889, 
in 1890 and in 1893. He was a member and the first president of 
the Spokane city council in 1882, serving one year. In 1884 and 
1885 he was chairman of a committee which was organized for the 
purpose of collecting funds and building good roads, eight thousand 
dollars being secured in three months, and he had charge of the ex- 
penditure. So satisfactorily was the work accomplished that the 
farmers solidly supported the measure to remove the county seat 
from Cheney back to Spokane, which Mas accomplished by a large 
majority. In I880 and 1886 Dr. Gandy was one of the principals 
in raising by subscription one hundred and seventy-five thousand 
dollars to build the Seattle, Lake Shore & Eastern Railroad into 
Spokane, was a member of the committee, and subscribed one thou- 
sand dollars besides personally soliciting funds. In 1887 he was a 
large subscriber to the Great Northern Railroad fund for the pur- 
pose of buying the right-of-way for that road through Spokane and 
also Mr. Corbin's railroad in 1893, this being the Spokane Falls & 
Northern, which was subsequently absorbed by the Great Northern 
— the Hill system. About 1896 he also subscribed largely for the 
fund to purchase the ground for Fort Wright. In politics Dr. Gandy 
has always been a stalwart republican, believing firmly in the prin- 
ciples of the party as factors in good government, yet never plac- 
ing partisanship before the general welfare nor personal aggrandize- 
ment before the public good. 

Dr. Gandy has been married twice. By the first marriage there 
were two children: Hon. Lloyd E. Gandy, a prominent attorney 

202 Joseph Cbtoarb &anbp, jM. g , 

of this city; and Mary Leona Gandy, now living in Seattle. On 
the '23d of January, 1902, Dr. Gandy wedded Harriet Ross, widow 
of the late Andrew J. Ross. He maintains pleasant relations with 
his old army comrades through his membership in Sedgwick Post, 
G. A. R., of which he is a past commander, and at the present time 
is medical director of the department of Washing-ton and Alaska. 
He belongs to the Masonic fraternity and was a charter member 
and the first vice president of the Spokane County Medical Society. 
He was one of the organizers of the Chamber of Commerce and is 
prominent in the Pioneer Society, which he served as president in 
1910. No history of Spokane and the Inland Empire would be com- 
plete without extended and prominent representation of Dr. Gandy, 
for his record as a soldier, as an official, as a medical practitioner 
and as a business man has been so honorable that he has gained the 
confidence and good-will of all with whom he has been brought in 
contact, his private activities and his public service winning him 
high encomiums from his fellowmen. 

. 4^./5^^o 


ii T^ II known m Spokane through the real-estate business 

which he has conducted, but is perhaps more widely 

known throughout the state as the senator from the 

Spokane district. He has been almost continuously 

in office since 1882 when, at the first election held in 

Spokane county, he was chosen assessor. Consecutive progress has 

brought him to a position of prominence and individual ability has 

made him a leader in public thought and action. 

Mr. Hutchinson was born in Grand Gulf, Mississippi. February 
14, 18:53, a son of William Dean and Margaret (Murray) Hutchin- 
son. The father, who was born in Kentucky in 1798, was a cousin 
of Andrew Jackson, whose mother belonged to the Hutchinson fam- 
ily. In 1836 William Dean Hutchinson removed from Kentucky to 
Illinois and afterward went to Havana, Cuba, where he was engaged 
in business until the outbreak of the Mexican war, when he returned 
to the United States and volunteered for service with the Mississippi 
troops. He also went to California in 1849 with the argonauts in 
search of the golden fleece, but after a brief period spent on the coast 
returned to Mississippi. His opposition to slavery caused him to join 
John Brown in his famous campaign in Kansas and during the Civil 
war he served as guide on General Sigel's staff in Missouri but became 
disabled and left the army. In the winter of 1862 he went to Col- 
orado but returned to Kansas and was the builder of the first house 
in Hays City, that state. He became a resident of eastern Washing- 
ton, and he and his sons became the first settlers in what is now Mon- 
dovi, Lincoln county, where his death occurred on the 8th of Novem- 
ber, 1884. There have been few men whose lives have been more 
closely connected with a greater number of events of national im- 
portance than William Dean Hutchinson. Enterprising in spirit, 
fearless in action, he was the champion of his country's interest in the 
Mexican war, the friend of the oppressed when slavery marred the 
fair name of the nation and he met with valorous spirit the hardships 
and privation incident to pioneer life in California and Washington. 
His wife was of Irish and Scotch descent. Her father was a lieu- 


206 jRitftatb agfrton %uttl)tngon 

tenant in the Scotch Grays of the British army during the Napoleonic 
wars and fought under Wellington throughout the Peninsular cam- 
paign and at Waterloo. 

Richard Ashton Hutchinson was with his father in Missouri in 
18.57 when a lad of four years and afterward in Colorado and Kan- 
sas. While in the former state he served as a page in the legislature 
and also worked for a time in the Denver mint. During his residence 
in Kansas he was for seven years engaged in driving cattle and in 
conducting a store as well as in righting Indians, for the settlers had 
to contest their right to the territory against the red men. In 1872 
with the others of the family he became a pioneer of Quillayute 
county on the Pacific coast where he improved and developed land. 
About that time his father met with reverses and the support of the 
family fell upon Richard A. Hutchinson, then twenty-two years of 
age. From 1873 until 1879 he worked in the coal mines at Newcastle, 
King county, but while there became crippled and also lost his health. 
On the 1st of May, 1879, he started on foot for eastern Washington 
with his younger brother William Hutchinson. They arrived at Spo- 
kane on the 20th day of May, finding here a hamlet of fifty people. 
The brothers took up land thirty-five miles west of the city which they 
developed and cultivated, transforming it into a valuable tract which 
they still own. Almost from the beginning of his residence in Spo- 
kane county Mr. Hutchinson has been prominent as a factor in its 
public life. At its first election held in 1882 the district, then com- 
prising the present counties of Spokane, Lincoln, Adams, Douglas 
and Franklin, he was elected assessor. In 1883 the division of the 
county was changed so that his property was beyond the borders of 
Spokane county and as he wished to be with his father he resigned his 
office but was elected assessor of Lincoln county. In June, 1886, he 
grubstaked the half breeds who discovered the mines at Ruby camp, 
Okanogan county when the reservation was first opened. He has 
always been interested there and still retains a working property in 
that district. When Joseph's band of Nez Perce Indians were 
brought to Spokane in 1886 he received them as prisoners of war and 
took them to the Nespelem valley on the Colville reservations where 
he lived with them until July, 1889, teaching them farming. During 
the first year and a half Mr. Hutchinson and his wife were the only 
white residents with those Indians, his nearest neighbor being a 
horseman fifteen miles distant, on the south side of the Columbia 

From time to time Mr. Hutchinson was called to public office and 
has done not a little in shaping the policy of the country during its 

aUcfjarb ggjjton j^utctjingon 207 

formative period. In 1890 he had charge of the United States census 
in Lincoln county and was elected a memher of the house of repre- 
sentatives for the fifteenth district. In 1892 he was chosen senator 
from Okanogan and Lincoln counties representing the first district, 
and thus he was actively concerned with framing the laws of the state, 
giving careful consideration to every important question which came 
up for settlement. 

Reverses overtook Mr. Hutchinson in 1893, for during the panic 
of that year he lost all of his property and was in deht fifteen thou- 
sand dollars, hut with resolute spirit he looked to the future to retrieve 
his losses and in 1895 came to Spokane, where with a borrowed capital 
of five hundred dollars he embarked in the real-estate business. Such 
was the sound judgment that he displayed in his purchases and sales 
of property that within a short time he was able to regain possession 
of his old home in Lincoln county and discharge all of his indebted- 
ness. Since that time he has continued not only to engage in the 
real-estate business but also in mining and he is one of the most ex- 
tensive individual wheat raisers in the state, having over ten thousand 
acres in Lincoln, Adams, Douglas and Spokane counties. His min- 
ing interests are in the Coeur d'Alenes, British Columbia and in Okan- 
ogan and Stevens counties. Recognizing the possibilities for the 
country especially when water can be secured to aid in its development, 
Mr. Hutchinson became the promoter of the Opportunity irrigation 
district east of Spokane. The National Country Life Commission, 
appointed by President Roosevelt, said of Opportunity: "It is the 
most ideal place for Rural Homes that we have seen." Since dispos- 
ing of his interests in Opportunity Mr. Hutchinson has been actively 
engaged in real-estate dealing in Spokane, especially handling that 
district of the city known as the Hutchinson addition. His fitness 
for office as indicated by his public-spirited citizenship and his devo- 
tion to all that works for the welfare of the locality and the common- 
wealth led to his election in 1906 to the house of representatives from 
Spokane county and in 1908 he was elected from the fourth district 
to the state senate, wherein his term of office will continue until 1912. 

Senator Hutchinson has been twice married, his first wife being 
Miss Amelia Johnson, a native of Washington. They were married 
in 1883. Three children were born to bless this union: Margaret 
Elizabeth, wife of J. B. Hayes; Ida A., and William Dean. Mrs. 
Hutchinson died April 10, 1893. On the 9th of February, 189.5, he 
was united in marriage to Marguerite Wright, a native of Virginia 
and a daughter of Weitzel A. and Sarah Ann (Taylor) Wright. 
Mrs. Hutchinson taught the first school in Wenatchee in 188.5, being 


&it!jarb &£i!)ton ^utchinsion 

then only sixteen years of age. Three children were born of this 
union, Marita, Rachael and Richard Ashton, Jr. The parents are 
members of the Episcopal church and are interested in all those feat- 
ures which contribute to the material, intellectual, social and moral 
welfare of the community. The life record of Mr. Hutchinson if 
written in detail would present many thrilling and unusual chapters 
because of his life on the frontier and his experience with the red men, 
as well as his efforts to attain advancement in a business way, ef- 
forts that have ultimately been crowned with a substantial measure 
of success. 



T I 


H' ■ i 



/<( >>irj '/,/,■/■ 

James Clark 

JI STORY was formerly a record of wars and con- 

He™ quests but has become a record of business activity 
f^ and of man's utilization of natural resources. In 
™™ this connection the life work of James Clark is nota- 
ble. He came to America when a youth in his teens 
and gradually worked his way upward until he be- 
came one of the conspicuous figures in mining circles in the west and 
in fact his name was known throughout the length and breadth of 
the country. Prosperity did not come to him as the result of for- 
tunate conditions or circumstances, but because of his keen sagacity, 
manifested in judicious investments and the careful conduct of his 
business interests. 

He was born in Ireland in 1849 and died on the 8th of August, 
1901. Within that period he accomplished that which would be a 
credit and honor to the life of any individual. His parents were 
James and Mary Clark, and while spending his youthful days in the 
parental home he pursued his education and thus laid the foundation 
for his later advancement. Favorable reports reached him concern- 
ing business conditions in the new world and he was but seventeen 
years of age when he with his brother, Patrick Clark, came to the 
United States. They made their way westward to Butte, Montana, 
and while Patrick Clark became associated with Marcus Daly as fore- 
man in the development of the Alice mine and later in the opening 
and operation of the Anaconda mine, James Clark worked as a miner 
and day by day added to his knowledge and experience of the busi- 
ness. Later he made his way to the Coeur d'Alene district where he 
was also engaged in mining, and eventually he became interested in 
mining property at Rossland, British Columbia, being superintend- 
ent of the well known War Eagle mine. He was afterward one of 
the original discoverers of Republic camp, locators and owners of the 
Republic and other mines there and from its sale realized a hand- 
some fortune. As the years passed he became recognized as an ex- 
pert on mining property and its possibilities, and the soundness of 
his judgment was proven in his splendid success, making him one of 


212 James Clarfe 

the wealthy men of the northwest and one of the hest known repre- 
sentatives of mining interests in the entire country. 

Mr. Clark was married in Butte, Montana, in 1883, to Mrs. Char- 
lotte (Willman) Toner, a daughter of Henry and Alicia (Foy) 
Willman, of Ireland. They have three children: Agnes, at home; 
Patrick of the Traders National Bank, in which institution the es- 
tate has large holdings of stock ; and Katherine, at school. The fam- 
ily circle was broken by the hand of death, when on the 8th 
of August, 1901, Mr. Clark passed away. His political allegiance 
was given to the democratic party and fraternally he was connected 
with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He was a devout ad- 
herent of the Roman Catholic church. His friends found him a very 
witty man, quick at repartee and a most congenial and entertaining 
companion. He possessed the characteristic versatility and ability of 
people of his nationality and his record is a credit alike to the land 
of his birth and the land of his adoption. In business his associates 
and colleagues found him reliable as well as enterprising and pro- 
gressive, and his efforts were ever of a character that contributed to 
the general development and consequent prosperity of the northwest 
as well as to his individual success. 

tyi/^CyC^-^ ctscs^o—c—i^s 

3Tame$ g. &nber£ton 

)ARMING, stock-raising, merchandising, banking, 
mining, real-estate dealing — all have claimed the at- 
tention of James A. Anderson, and in each held he 
has operated successfully. He is today a prominent 
figure in financial circles in Spokane, is also inter- 
ested in the Division Street Hardware Company and 
is the owner of considerable valuable property in the Palouse country. 
He was born in Iowa, May 14>, 1859, a son of John and Margaret 
(Davis) Anderson, both of whom were natives of Scotland and were 
descended from old and prominent Scotch families. Both are now 
deceased, the mother passing away in 1874. Several sons and daugh- 
ters of the family are living in this country. 

The removal of his parents from Iowa to Kansas in his early 
youth made James A. Anderson a pupil in the schools of the latter 
state and in the high school, where he completed his education. He 
was engaged in farming and stock-raising in Kansas during the period 
of his early manhood but came to Washington in 1889 and turned 
his attention to commercial pursuits, becoming a dealer in hardware, 
implements and grain at Rosalia. There he remained until 1906, 
when he removed to Spokane, and the success which he had achieved 
along commercial lines enabled him to become one of the large stock- 
holders in the Spokane State Bank, of which he was elected presi- 
dent in 1907. This institution conducts a general banking business, 
with J. A. Anderson as president; H. A. Steinke, vice president; G. 
W. Peddycord, cashier; and H. W. Belshaw, Josh Wilson, J. M. 
Donovan and J. W. Bursell as directors. The bank is capitalized for 
fifty thousand dollars and has a surplus of twelve thousand. A gen- 
eral banking business is conducted and this is the only bank on the 
north side, its location being at the corner of Division and Nora 
streets. The company owns its own home, known as the Spokane 
Bank building, a two-story brick structure, sixty by ninety feet, the 
first story being used for banking purposes, while the second is divided 
into apartments. The bank has a large out-of-town patronage and, 
based upon safe, conservative principles, is doing a good business. 
Mr. Anderson is also stockholder in the Exchange and Fidelity 



3ame& &. Anderson 

Banks, is the largest owner in the Spokane State Bank building and 
holds fifty per cent of the stock in the Division Street Hardware 
Company, of which he is the president. He has also made investment 
in property, owning one thousand acres in the Palouse country all 
under cultivation, and four hundred and eighty acres under cultiva- 
tion in Alberta and timber lands in Washington. He is one of the 
largest owners of the Belcher Mining Company in Terry county, 
Washington, and is secretary and treasurer of the company. 

On the 27th of October, 1886, in Dunlap, Kansas, occurred the 
marriage of James A. Anderson and Miss Jennie F. Webster, a 
daughter of Captain Webster, who commanded steamboats on the 
Ohio river. The two children born unto them are: Bernice, now the 
wife of Orville Tupper, cashier of the Wilson Creek Bank; and Rex, 
who is now attending high school. 

Politically Mr. Anderson is a republican and is an active and in- 
fluential worker of his party who has served as delegate to county 
and state conventions and has done effective work on the county central 
committee. He is interested in all that pertains to Spokane's pro- 
gress and upbuilding and because of this has become a working mem- 
ber of the Chamber of Commerce. He also belongs to the Inland 
Club and is well known in fraternal circles, holding membership in 
Spokane Lodge, No. 34, F. & A. M., in Oriental Consistory of the 
Scottish Rite and in El Katif Temple of the Mystic Shrine. While 
in Rosalia he filled all of the chairs in the local lodge save that of 
master. He belongs to Spokane Lodge, No. 134, I. O. O. F., in 
which he has filled all of the chairs and is now a past grand. He has 
achieved remarkable success, advancing from farmer boy to his 
present position as banker, merchant and landowner, and his prosper- 
ity is a visible evidence of intelligence and well directed industry, of 
determination, perseverance and notable ambition. 

Militant ftenrp &cutf 

ILLIAM HENRY ACUFF is now living retired 

W after long and close association with business inter- 

^i ests of Spokane, whereby he contributed to the gen- 
// eral welfare in addition to advancing his individual 
success. He was born at Gwynedd, Pennsylvania, 
October 8, 1846, his home being about sixteen miles 
from Philadelphia in the old Welsh settlement there. At the time 
that William Penn arrived in that state the three corners of the town 
square at Gwynedd had been in possession of the Acuff family for 
a long period. The ancestry is Welsh and Scotch and the parents 
of our subject were William and Lydia (Ellis) Acuff. The father 
died when his son William was but five months old, his death being 
occasioned by typhoid fever when he was twenty-six years of age. 
The mother lived to the advanced age of eighty-two years and passed 
away in California in 1906. 

William Henry Acuff was an only child and pursued his educa- 
tion in the schools of Pennsylvania and Illinois, having accompanied 
his mother on her removal to the latter state when eleven years of 
age. He afterward returned to Norristown, Pennsylvania, where 
he attended school from 1864 until 1868. He also spent a portion 
of the time on the oil fields in order to earn the money necessary to 
enable him to continue his education. In 1868 he again went to Illi- 
nois, settling at Decatur, Macon county, and in that vicinity he fol- 
lowed farming and milling, dealt in grain and taught school. Event- 
ually he turned his attention to the lumber business and organized 
what is known today as the Decatur Lumber & Manufacturing Com- 
pany, one of the important industrial and commercial interests of 
that district. In the spring of 1889 his health failed him and he dis- 
posed of his interests in the middle west. He then enjoyed a period 
of rest covering a few years and in the spring of 1890 came to Spo- 
kane, remaining out of business, however, until February, 1892, when 
he organized the Washington Mill Company, of which he became the 
first secretary. Afterward he was president of the company for a 
period of fifteen years and in July, 1910, having, won substantial 
success in the conduct of this enterprise, he retired. He has financial 

220 TOttltam p|enrg gfcuft 

interests in the Trustee Company of Spokane, of wliich he has been 
a director since its organization. 

Aside from business Mr. Acuff is well known in republican cir- 
cles where he has exerted a wide influence, being well qualified by 
nature and acquired ability to become a leader of public thought and 
action. In 1896 he was elected on the republican ticket a member 
of the city council and served for three years as chairman of its 
finance committee, while for one year he was president of the coun- 
cil. It was during his term that Spokane was nearly bankrupt and 
it was through the good business judgment and careful management 
of Mr. Acuff that the city was able to meet its monthly pay rolls and 
weather the financial storm. He spent the winter of 1904-5 in Wash- 
ington, D. C, representing the Chamber of Commerce in the inter- 
est of Spokane, endeavoring to assist President Roosevelt in secur- 
ing increased power for the interstate commerce commission and aid 
Spokane in its fight for reduced freight rates. The good results he 
accomplished cannot be overestimated. The campaign was con- 
ducted in such a manner that it awakened the admiration of business 
men and manufacturers all over the United States. In 1908 Mr. 
Acuff went to Japan as a Spokane representative with the Pacific 
coast commercial commission to look into the trade relations between 
the two countries. His efforts have been most effective in promot- 
ing business conditions and in bringing forth elements that have been 
far-reaching forces in the growth and material upbuilding of the 
northwest. For many years he was the vice president of the Pacific 
Coast Lumberman's Association and was also president of the local 

On the 22d of August, 1871, in St. Louis, Missouri, Mr. Acuff 
was married to Miss Isabelle Bricker, a daughter of Aaron and Louise 
Bricker of Decatur, Illinois, and they had one daughter, Lillie A., 
the wife of John C. Neffeler, of Spokane. The wife and mother 
died in this city in November, 1896. Since his retirement from busi- 
ness life Mr. Acuff has largely devoted his attention to Masonry 
wliich had also claimed much of his time and thought previously. He 
stands very high in the order and is a past master of Tyrian Lodge, 
No. 96, F. & A. M.; past high priest of Spokane Chapter, No. 2, 
R. A. M.; past thrice illustrious master of Spokane Council, No. 4, 
R. & S. M.; past eminent commander of Cataract Commandery, 
No. 3, K. T.; and past commander of Oriental Consistory, No. 2, 
S. P. R. S. He has likewise been awarded the honorary thirty- 
third degree and is a member of El Katif Temple of the Mystic 

HHiUiam ftcnr.p Scuff 


Shrine. He is likewise a member of the grand council and is one 
of its deputy grand masters. He is also junior warden of the grand 
commandery and is a past patron of the Eastern Star. He is today 
one of the best known men of Spokane, respected by all. In man- 
ner he is modest and retiring but the work that be has accomplished 
speaks for itself. His love of justice has expressed itself in correct 
principle and practice and added to this, the salient features of his 
life have been a deep earnestness, impelled and fostered by indomi- 
table perseverance, and a progressive spirit ruled by more than ordi- 
nary intelligence and good judgment. 

J. 9B. «mhln> 

\Y. BINKLEY of Spokane has been associated with 
various interests which have constituted elements in 
the growth and progress of Spokane and the sur- 
rounding country. He now occupies a prominent 
position in financial circles as president of the North 
Pacific Loan & Trust Company, in which connec- 
tion he is a partner of Jacob R. Taylor. He was born in Ontario, 
Canada, July 10, 1856, his parents being George and Mary (Rymal) 
Binkley. He had the advantage of liberal educational training, at- 
tending the Collegiate Institute of Ontario and afterward the To- 
ronto University, in which he took up the study of law, pursuing his 
course until qualified for practice. After leaving college he made his 
way direct to this state, settling first in Seattle. He was admitted to 
the bar at Tacoma in 1883 and the same year came to Spokane, where 
he formed a partnership with his cousin, Jacob R. Taylor, which rela- 
tion has since been maintained. They entered at once upon the ac- 
tive practice of law and made steady progress in that field but have 
gradually withdrawn to concentrate their energies and attention upon 
other business interests. Mr. Binkley served as probate judge of the 
county in 1885 and 1886, having been elected on the democratic 
ticket, but for some years he has not taken an active part in politics 
aside from exercising his right of franchise. More and more largely 
his efforts and activities have been concentrated upon his business 
affairs and he is now president of the North Pacific Loan & Trust 
Company, which deals entirely in farm mortgages and bandies for- 
eign capital from Holland. The firm have now loaned on these mort- 
gages over one million dollars. They first organized the Northwest- 
ern & Pacific Mortgage Company in 1884, it having a continuous 
existence until 1896, when it was taken over by the Northwestern 
Hypotheek Bank, subsequent to which time they organized their 
present business under the name of the North Pacific Loan & Trust 
Company. In this way Mr. Binkley has contributed much toward 
the upbuilding, progress and improvement of this district and his 
progressive work has also been done as the president of the first and 
second fruit fairs which were ever held here. 

226 3 3S ffinhltp 

In 1880 Mr. Binkley was married to Miss Josepliine Clarkson, 
of Ontario, who died in Spokane. They had one daughter, Ethelyn, 
who is the wife of Aubrey L. White, of this city. Mr. Binkley be- 
longs to the Chamber of Commerce and in more strictly social lines 
is connected with the Spokane Club, the Spokane Amateur Athletic 
Club and the Spokane Country Club. 


facoti &. Raptor 

^OR more than twenty-eight years the firm of Binkley 

Fl & Taylor has maintained a continuous existence, the 
($i partners being J. W. Binkley and Jacoh R. Taylor, 
«* ' whose connection with the bar and operations in finan- 
cial circles have constituted an important and force- 
ful element in the general growth and prosperity of 
Spokane and outlying districts. The birth of Mr. Taylor occurred 
in Ontario, Canada, on the 21st of December, 1854, his parents being 
George and Margaret (Rymal) Taylor. In pursuing his education 
he spent some time as a student of the Collegiate Institute at Brant- 
ford, Ontario, and afterward prepared for the bar as a law student in 
Toronto University. On crossing the border into the United States 
he made his way to Denver, Colorado, where he took the required ex- 
amination and was admitted to the bar in 1882. He then came to the 
northwest, with Seattle as his destination and in that city was joined 
by his cousin, J. W. Binkley. After a brief period in Seattle and a 
short stay in Tacoma they decided upon Spokane as a favorable loca- 
tion, and opened a law office, continuing in general practice for a time 
but later turning their attention to financial interests, organizing in 
1884 the Northwestern & Pacific Mortgage Company under which 
name they carried on business until 1896. This was then taken over 
by the Northwestern & Pacific Hypotheek Bank and was followed 
by the organization of the North Pacific Loan & Trust Company. 
They deal entirely in farm and city mortgages and handle foreign 
capital, mostly from Holland, having invested more than one million 
dollars in mortgages in this district. 

Mr. Taylor is a prominent Mason, holding membership in Spo- 
kane Lodge, No. 34, F. & A. M.; Spokane Chapter, No. 2. R. A. M., 
Cataract Commandery, No. 3, K. T. He is a thirty-second degree 
mason in Oriental Consistory, No. 2. Scottish Rite and belongs to El 
Katif Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He also has membership rela- 
tions with the Spokane Club and the Chamber of Commerce. 

On the 11th of February, 1892, Mr. Taylor was married to Ada 
L. Martin, a daughter of Mrs. Jennie Martin, of this city, and they 
now have three children, Margaret J.. Binklev R. and John R. 

230 gatofe &• Adaptor 

They reside at No. 1305 Sixth avenue, where Mr. Taylor built a 
pleasant home in 1894. In his business life he has been a persistent, 
resolute and energetic worker, possessing strong executive powers, 
and added to a progressive spirit, ruled by more than ordinary intel- 
ligence and good judgment, there has been a native justice which has 
expressed itself in correct principle and practice. 

OTilimm <E. Bap 

[ILLIAM T. DAY, president of The Day & Hansen 

WkWJ Security Company, of Spokane, is a prominent fig- 
Wi nre in the financial circles of the northwest. Endowed 
' with unusual hnsiness instinct and foresight, he early 
saw the future of the unoccupied western lands, and 
has been a great factor in their development. 

He was born May 8, 186,5, at Castana, Iowa. His father, Joseph 
B. P. Day, a native of Maine, became a settler of Iowa in 18.>.">, and 
was one of its prominent and influential citizens. His mother, Sophia 
Thomas Day, was born in Mississippi, and with her family came north 
in the late '40s. As a surveyor and agent for the American-Immigrant 
Company, his father became very familiar with lands anil land values, 
which was not the least element in the education of his son. 

After attending the public schools at Castana. Mr. Day continued 
his education at the Southeastern Iowa Normal School at Bloomfield. 
He became actively connected with the business interests in his home 
town as a general merchant, continuing in that line for about eight 
years. In 1892 he turned his attention to banking and organized the 
capacity until 1898. when lie was elected to the presidency, which 
Castana Savings Bank, of which he became cashier, serving in that 
position he still fills. A large farm mortgage business was carried 
on in connection with the bank. 

In the fall of 1901, Mr. Day came to Washington, bought a large 
tract of land in Douglas county, and on the 1st day of March. 1902. 
he and his associates organized The Washington Land Company, with 
headquarters at Waterville, Washington. The enterprise was cap- 
italized for one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, which was in- 
creased to five hundred thousand dollars, in 1906. when the headquar- 
ters of the company were removed from Waterville to Spokane. This 
company owned large tracts of unimproved land in Douglas county, 
and an idea as to the magnitude of their undertaking may be gained 
from the fact that in six years they broke out and developed more 
than sixteen thousand acres of land, about half of which has been 
sold. Mr. Day and Mr. Charles T. Hansen, his brother-in-law, were 
associated in the copartnership of Day & Hansen, and were large 
owners and developers of land in Monona county, Iowa. They estab- 
lished and operated The Turin Bank of Turin, Iowa, which they sold 
January 1, 1908. They also disposed in that year of over three 
thousand acres of their Iowa land, and on the 1st of March, 1908. 


234 WltUiam g. Bap 

organized The Day & Hansen Security Company of Spokane , Wash- 
ington, with a paid-up capital of one million dollars, which took ove* 
all the interests of Day & Hansen, including The Washington Land 
Company. At that time Mr. Day moved to Spokane, and hecame 
actively identified with the business, and has since made the city his 
home. The company operates extensively in improved farm property, 
and they are among the most progressive in their line. 

During the past three years the company has purchased over 
thirty-two thousand acres of land in Powell county, western Montana, 
which is all improved and over ten thousand acres are now under irriga- 
tion. While developing their land projects, the company also became 
prominent factors in financial circles throughout the northwest, and 
own controlling interest in five hanks, including: The Castana Sav- 
ings Bank, of Castana, Iowa; The Waterville Savings Bank, of 
Waterville, Washington; The National Bank of Oakesdale, also in 
this state; The Moscow State Bank, Moscow, Idaho; and Blair & 
Company, Bankers, Helmville, Montana. The company has estab- 
lished a large mortgage-loan business, and deals in high-grade bond 
issues and other selected securities. 

Mr. Day's connection with business enterprises, is as follows: 
President of The Day & Hansen Security Company, and of The 
Castana Savings Bank; and vice president of The National Bank of 
Oakesdale, The Moscow State Bank, and Blair & Company, Bankers. 

On the 1.5th of August, 1888, at Mapleton, Iowa, was celebrated 
the marriage of Mr. Day and Miss Helen Hansen, the daughter of 
Nels and Isabel Hansen of that city. It is his brother-in-law, Charles 
T. Hansen, who is closely associated with him in his business enter- 
prises. Mr. and Mrs. Day have one daughter, Sophia Isabel, who 
is a graduate of the Girls Collegiate School of Los Angeles, and also 
has been a student for two years at Wellesley College, Massachusetts. 
The social position of the family is an enviable one, and their at- 
tractive home is justly celebrated for its warm-hearted hospitality. 

In politics Mr. Day is republican, always voting for men and 
measures of the party, but has not been an active worker in its ranks 
since coming to Spokane. He belongs to the Spokane Club and the 
Spokane Country Club, and has won popularity in these organiza- 
tions by reason of those sterling traits of character, which in every 
land and clime awaken confidence and warm regard. It is doubt- 
ful in his whole life if he ever weighed an act in the scale of policy, 
but in business has followed a straightforward course and in the legiti- 
mate channels of trade and financial activity has gained success that 
places him with the prominent and representative men who are the 
real upbuilders of the northwest. 


Cfmrlea a;. Hansen 

HARLES T. HANSEN, secretary of The Day & 
Hansen Security Company, needs no introduction to 
those who are familiar with the history of financial 
enterprises and land projects in the northwest. His 
initial spirit has made him a leader in much that has 
heen successfully accomplished along those lines, and 
because of his extensive circle of acquaintance his life history cannot 
fail to prove of interest to many of our readers. 

He was born at Sioux City, Iowa, April 6, 1871, a son of Nels 
M. and Isabel Valhor Hansen, of that city. Both parents were 
natives of Norway, and after coming to Sioux City engaged in mer- 
chandising. They died within a few weeks of each other when their 
son Charles was but thirteen years of age. The daughters of the 
family were : Louise, who died in 1898 ; and Helen, the wife of Wil- 
liam T. Day. 

In the public schools of Iowa, Charles T. Hansen was educated, 
and for a time attended the Highland Park College at Des Moines. 
After spending a period in farming, he entered the employ of W. T. 
Day & Company, general merchants at Castana, Iowa, and has ever 
since been associated with William T. Day in various enterprises, a 
most harmonious relation existing between them, the labors of one 
ably seconding and rounding out the efforts of the other. 

In 1894 he accepted the position of assistant cashier in the Castana 
Savings Bank, and in 1898 was elected cashier, which position he suc- 
cessfully filled until he removed to Spokane in 1906, to become active 
in the management of the Washington Land Company, of which he 
was secretary and treasurer. Mr. Hansen was one of the organizers 
of said company, established March 1, 1902, with headquarters at 
Waterville, Washington, with a paid-up capital of one hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars, which was increased in 1906 to five hundred 
thousand dollars, and the headquarters of the company removed from 
Waterville to Spokane, when Mr. Hansen moved to Spokane and 
became active in the management of said company. The Washing- 
ton Land Company purchased large tracts of unimproved land in 
Douglas county, and some idea of the extent and importance of their 
operations may be gleaned from the fact that in six years they broke 
out and improved over sixteen thousand acres of land. 

238 Cftatleg 3E. %>angen 

Mr. Hansen was associated with William T. Day, his brother- 
in-law, in a copartnership of Day & Hansen in Monona county, Iowa, 
where they were large owners and developers of farm lands. They 
also established the Turin Bank, at Turin, Iowa, which they sold 
January 1, 1908. Early in the year 1908 they disposed of about 
three thousand acres of their Iowa land, and organized The Day & 
Hansen Security Company, with a paid-up capital of one million 
dollars which took over all the interests of Day & Hansen, including 
The Washington Land Company. This company operates extensively 
in improved farm property, and is among the most progressive in their 
line. The company has purchased within the last three years over 
thirty-two thousand acres of land in Powell county, western Mon- 
tana, which is all under fence and improved, and over ten thousand 
acres in cultivation. 

They also own and control five banks, including The Water- 
ville Savings Bank of Waterville, Washington, of which Mr. Han- 
sen is president; The National Bank of Oakesdale, Washing- 
ton; Blair & Company, Bankers, of Helmville, Montana; The 
Castana Savings Bank, of Castana, Iowa; and The Moscow State 
Bank, of Moscow, Idaho, of all of which institutions Mr. Hansen 
is a member of the board of directors. The company has established 
a large mortgage-loan business in eastern Washington, northern 
Idaho, and western Montana, and the attraction of said sections of 
the country as a loaning field is one of the principal factors that led 
to the organization of the company. 

On the 15th of August, 1901, Mr. Hansen was married to Miss 
Elsie Day, daughter of Joseph B. P. and Sophia (Thomas) Day, of 
Castana, Iowa. They reside at No. 1117 Eighth avenue. , 

Mr. Hansen is a member of the Spokane Club and the Spokane 
Country Club. He has become well known in the northwest through 
his extensive and important operations in land, and prominent con- 
nection with financial interests. The firm of The Day & Hansen 
Security Company is regarded as one of the most conservative and 
progressive of this section. 

$aul g. $auteon 

}HE life history of Paul A. Paulson is in miniature the 
history of the northwest with its periods of progress 
and development, its difficulties caused by financial 
panics, its efforts to resume activity and its ultimate 
success and triumph. Mr. Paulson is now numbered 
among the capitalists of Spokane and is largely inter- 
ested in the mineral resources of the northwest. 

He was born in Denmark, June 18, 1855, the son of Mads and 
Mary (Krag) Paulson, who were also natives of Denmark, the mother 
dying there during the boyhood of her son Paul. The father served in 
the war of 1848-1850 between Denmark and Prussia as an officer in 
the Danish army and aided in winning the victory for the Danish 
troops. In the early '60s he came to the United States, settling in 
Wisconsin. He was prominent in his home community and served for 
several terms as county commissioner. While in Denmark he had 
followed the business of carriage manufacturing and brought with 
him some means when he came to the new world. This he invested in 
farm lands in Wisconsin and gave his attention to agricultural pur- 
suits to the time of his death, which occurred in 1904. 

Paul A. Paulson has one brother living in Green Bay, Wiscon- 
sin, and there are also four half-brothers, two of whom are in Tacoma, 
where they are engaged in business under the name of the Paulson 
Brothers Company. A sister, Mrs. Carrie L. Hathaway, is the wife 
of the general manager of the Mutual Life Insurance Company for 
California, Nevada and the Hawaiian Islands. A half-sister, Miss 
Mary Paulson, is residing in Tacoma. 

Paul A. Paulson was quite a young lad when the family crossed 
the Atlantic and in the public and high schools of Wisconsin he pur- 
sued his education, to which he has added since leaving school by rea- 
son of his broad reading. He was reared upon a farm and in early 
life learned the carpenter's trade. In the latter part of 1876 he left 
his home in the middle west and at the age of twenty-one years trav- 
eled over the Union Pacific Railroad to San Francisco, which was 
then in its palmy days. The Comstock and other famous mines were 
large producers and stock speculation was a large part of the business, 


242 i gaul a. ffaulsion 

stock speculators being very numerous there. There was great ex- 
citement caused by the manipulation of stocks by the large holders 
and it was seldom on receiving the morning papers that one did not 
see accounts of one or more suicides of men and women who had been 
unsuccessful in their investments in mining stock. Mr. Paulson, 
however, did not have the mania for stock speculation but began work 
at the carpenter's trade, which he followed for a few months in San 
Francisco. He had previously read much concerning Oregon, how- 
ever, and regarded that state as his destination, leaving San Fran- 
cisco for Portland in 1877. The city then claimed a population of ten 
thousand but had considerably less, and what is now the heart of 
Portland was then covered with a dense forest. He became well 
acquainted with many prominent old residents who figured in the 
history of the northwest. 

Early in the spring of 1878 Mr. Paulson with two young com- 
panions followed the tide of emigration from the Willamette valley to 
what was called "east of the mountains," in Washington Territory. 
Some of the Willamette people sold their farms and in prairie schoon- 
ers traveled east of the mountains to where there was less rain. In 
Portland Mr. Paulson frequently heard mention of Lewiston and 
Walla Walla, which were already good-sized towns, and also of Col- 
fax and Spokane Falls, which were just springing into being. He 
made his way to the district east of the mountains, with a view to 
looking over the land, journeying by boat from Portland to the Lower 
Cascades, at which time the Oregon Steamboat Navigation Company, 
composed of W. S. Ladd, Sim Reed, Captain J. C. Ainsworth and 
R. R. Thompson, controlled the boat traffic. This was a good strong 
company, very prosperous, and their boats were well built, modern 
river steamers. Between the Lower and Upper Cascades a short port- 
age railroad had been built which transported passengers and freight 
around the Cascades where are now found government locks. At the 
Upper Cascades freight and passengers had again to be transferred 
by boat to The Dalles. Mr. Paulson ferried across the Columbia at 
The Dalles and walked over the hills between the river and the Klicki- 
tat valley to the present site of Goldendale, where was located an 
Indian camp. He and his companions each bought a pony there and 
then rode in a northeasterly direction to Yakima. At that time there 
was nothing at the town but the Indian reservation, the agency having 
a flouring mill there. There were a few stock- raisers scattered through 
the county and on the present site of Bickleton they came across a 
stock-raiser named Dodge, who had lived there for several years like a 

jjtauj a. gautgon 243 

hermit. He was the owner of fifty fine brood mares but there was no 
market for horses and cattle, save what could be driven to the Colum- 
bia river and transported to Portland or points on the Sound. How- 
ever, while at Dodge's place Mr. Paulson met a cattle buyer from 
Chicago, named Lang, who was buying up several hundred head of 
steers for which he paid twenty dollars per head. His plan was to 
drive them to Cheyenne on the Union Pacific and thence transport 
them by rail to Chicago. The stockmen of the northwest believed he 
would never reach his destination but were glad to sell their steers at 
twenty dollars per head. Mr. Lang, however, prospered in his ven- 
ture and returned for more cattle, becoming the first cattle shipper 
to eastern markets and the pioneer of a great and growing industry. 

Mr. Paulson continued on his way to Spokane Falls, looking for 
good land. Accustomed to the black prairie soil of the middle west, 
the timber, volcanic rock and gravel around Spokane did not appeal 
to him from an agricultural standpoint. He could not see how set- 
tlers who had taken up land would ever make a living. The people 
of Spokane seemed somehow to be dependent upon water power for 
the development of the city but there was no railroad and none in 
contemplation, and when Mr. Paulson asked what they could do with 
their water power, the only answer was that it would drive a sawmill. 
He did not like the rolling hills of Palouse county and returned to 
Portland but was there only a short time before the Nez Perce Indian 
war broke out. On the trip to Spokane Falls he had frequently met 
Indians and noticed that they seemed surly and cross, and the few 
white settlers whom he encountered said that they feared that the 
Indians were going on the warpath. With the outbreak of hostilities 
the militia company of Portland was called out and Mr. Paulson re- 
lates that many of the young men of the company employed as clerks 
or in other positions in Portland were very scared when they found 
that they must go out against the red men. 

For a time Mr. Paulson was employed in the car shops of the 
Northern Pacific Railroad Company at Kalama. Coal had just been 
discovered at Wilkeson and a road was being constructed from that 
point to Tacoma. The company built two hundred coal cars, in which 
work Mr. Paulson was actively engaged. He then returned to Port- 
land and with a partner took contracts for and built several houses. 
He was afterward employed in the sash and door factory of J. C. Car- 
son, with whom he remained three years. He then engaged in busi- 
ness on his own account, forming a partnership with Sylvester Pen- 
noyer, afterward governor of Oregon, and who at that time owned a 

244 fjagj g. fteutoon 

lumber mill in the south part of Portland. After two years Mr. Paul- 
son sold his interest to his partner and removed to Tacoma, where was 
situated a small town that was, however, growing rapidly. He or- 
ganized a company called the Tacoma Lumber & Manufacturing 
Company, of which he was the chief owner. This company manu- 
factured lumber, sash and doors and other building material and also 
wooden ware. They greatly enlarged their plant to meet the rapid 
growth of their business and employed as many as two hundred and 
fifty men, not including the logging crews in the woods. They were 
burned out twice but rebuilt. As fast as Mr. Paulson made money 
he invested it in timber lands on the Skagit river and with Henry 
Drum, W. J. Thompson and Byron Barlow, bought a large tract of 
land in the Skagit valley near the site of Sedro Woolley, and also in 
the vicinity of Sterling and Burlington, and in Sterling the company 
conducted a large mercantile store. They also built and operated 
several steamers on Puget Sound, including the Skagit Chief, Henry 
Bailey, the State of Washington, and the Fair Haven, owned by Nel- 
son Bennett, and named after the town of Fair Haven, now Belling- 
ham, Washington, of which place Mr. Bennett was the parent as its 
chief and pioneer promoter. The steamer became a part of their fleet, 
and Mr. Bennett one of the shareholders and directors of the com- 
pany. The four steamers plied between Tacoma, Seattle, Bellingham 
and way ports for many years and some are still in operation. 

As the years passed by and opportunity offered Mr. Paulson 
bought large tracts of timber land in Lewis and Thurston counties 
and later in British Columbia, mainly on Vancouver Island. He con- 
tinued to figure as one of the most prominent business men of Tacoma 
and aided largely in the upbuilding of the city, serving for many years 
as one of the directors of the Chamber of Commerce. He was also a 
stockholder in the Tacoma Woolen Mills; was one of the chief own- 
ers of the Tacoma Box Company ; and was interested in various other 
business projects. He acted as chairman of the building committee 
at the time the Chamber of Commerce erected its new building and 
spent much time in its supervision. The widespread financial panic 
of 1893 brought him heavy losses, for nearly all of the Tacoma banks 
failed and anyone who had been doing a large commercial business 
suffered severely thereby. 

About that time many of the Spokane people went into the hills 
prospecting and the Rossland camp on Trail creek was started, while 
at the same time the Slocan district in British Columbia was opened 
up. Mr. Paulson made a trip into British Columbia to look over some 

ffiatU a. ffiauteon 245 

of the mines and, like most of the others, hecame interested in sev- 
eral prospects. He engaged, however, in the lumher business in the 
Kootenai country and made' some money. Later he removed with 
his family to Spokane and purchased a large amount of timber and 
meadow lands from the Canadian Pacific Railroad on its Crow's Xest 
Line a short time after the building of that branch and organized the 
International Lumber & Mercantile Company, of which he is the 
chief owner and of which he was president for several years. The 
company has a large mill and owns a vast amount of timber tributary 
to the Crow's Nest branch of the Canadian Pacific Railroad, near the 
town of Kitchiner. 

Immediately after the completion of the road Mr. Paulson learned 
of the coal measures in the Rocky mountains along that line at what is 
commonly known as the Crow's Nest Pass. He made a trip into the 
country, covering tbe eastern part of British Columbia and the west- 
ern part of Alberta and purchased from the government the property 
which is now owned by the International Coal & Coke Company. Mr. 
Paulson organized the company and developed the mine, so that it 
became a large shipper. He has in his control much of the stock of 
the company which has a capacity of two thousand tons per shift of 
eight hours. The company also manufactures coke and in addition 
to this Mr. Paulson is also interested in other coal lands and coal 
mines in British Columbia. He is likewise numbered among the own- 
ers of valuable water-power sites in this state, both in the Inland 
Empire and near Puget Sound, and is one of the stockholders of the 
Big Bend Transit Company, which owns water power on the Spo- 
kane river. 

In Tacoma Mr. Paulson was married to Miss Anna K. Anderson, 
the daughter of C. Anderson, an old settler of Walla Walla. For a 
number of years Mrs. Paulson was a successful school teacher in Ore- 
gon. By her marriage she has become the mother of two children: 
Clara Arney, who is the wife of Charles W. Mason, chief clerk in the 
superintendent's office of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company at 
Tacoma; and Chester R., who is assisting his father. Mr. and Mrs. 
Paulson attend the Unitarian church. 

Mr. Paulson gives his political allegiance to the republican party. 
He is a member of the Chamber of Commerce, in which connection 
he cooperates in public projects tending to promote the welfare of 
Spokane and exploit its interests. While not all the days in his career 
have been equally bright, his record on the whole has been char- 
acterized by continuous progress. At times in his commercial experi- 


jjagj a. Paulson 

ence he has seen the gathering of clouds that have threatened dis- 
astrous storms hut his rich inheritance of energy and pluck have 
enabled him to turn defeats into victory and promised failures into 
brilliant success. His strict integrity, business conservatism and 
sound judgment have always been so uniformly recognized that he 
has enjoyed public confidence to an enviable degree. Because of a 
well balanced mind and a sterling character he has been enabled to see 
the silver lining to many a cloud that to others would look hopelessly 
black, and to overcome obstacles which to many would appear insur- 

X ^,&M- 

$on. Horatio M. JBelt 

'MONG the builders and makers of Spokane Horatio 
N. Belt was numbered, and that he enjoyed the con- 
fidenee, honor and good will of his fellow townsmen 
was manifest in his election to the mayoralty of the 
city, in which office his administration was extremely 
beneficial, holding in check restless and unlawful ele- 
ments and promoting many valuable projects along the line of 
general improvement. 

A native of Illinois, he was born in Jersey county, October 1, 
1841, and traced his ancestry back to one of two brothers who came 
from England soon after the Revolutionary war. The family has 
since been prominent in the new world. The father of Horatio N. 
Belt was a soldier of the war of 1812 under General Jackson and 
died in 1869, on the anniversary of the battle of New Orleans. 

Horatio N. Belt had the usual experiences which fall to the lot 
of the farm boy who divides his time between the work of the fields 
and the acquirement of an education. He afterward engaged in 
teaching school for five years but thinking to find greater profit in 
commercial enterprises, he then engaged in the conduct of a flour 
mill and general mercantile establishment in Jersey county, Illinois, 
success attending him in this venture by reason of his well directed 
energy and his unfaltering determination. He continued in business 
there until 1882, when he removed to Bunker Hill, Illinois, where in 
connection with other interests he engaged in the banking business 
under the firm style of Belt Brothers & Company. In 1887 he came 
to Spokane and invested largely in real estate, purchasing an interest 
in the Ross Park addition and building a home there. He was one 
of the promoters of the Ross Park Street Railway Company, the 
first successful electric line west of the Missouri river. In all busi- 
ness affairs he displayed sound judgment that had its root in a close 
study of the situation and of its possibilities. 

Mr. Belt was also prominent in the public life of the city and in 
1891 was chosen as a member of the city council. In 1895 he was 
honored with the highest gift that his fellow townsmen could bestow 
upon him, election to the mayoralty for a term of one year, and was 

-250 %on. %oratto it ffeit 

again elected to the same office for two years in 1896. He was Spo- 
kane's chief executive during the most trying period in the history 
of the city, when the panic, Coxey's army, the American Railway 
Union strike and other things conspired against peace and prosper- 
ity. His popularity among the working people saved many riots 
and prevented bloodshed. In 1896 he was prominently mentioned 
for governor at the Ellensburg convention and would have been al- 
most the unanimous choice of the degelates had not the question 
of location defeated him. Spokane then had the congressman and 
attorney general, and the party could not place him on the ticket. 
He was very popular with the silver republicans and those making 
the fusion party of the state. He was a close and discriminating 
student of the questions of the day and gave earnest consideration 
to the position and possibilities of bis party relative to the best inter- 
ests of the majority. 

On the 16th of December, 1869, in Jersey county, Illinois, Mr. 
Belt was united in marriage to Miss Martha Tipton and they have 
three children: Cora L., who is now the widow of L. S. Roberts and 
has two children, Dorothy L. and Marshall A. Roberts; William 
L., an expert accountant now residing in San Francisco: and Hora- 
tio C, an attorney of Seattle. 

Mr. Belt belonged to the Masonic order and held membership in 
the First Presbyterian church, to the teachings of which he was ever 
loyal, its principles dominating his life in all of its varied phases. 
He died in that faith August 22, 1900, and thus passed from life 
one who had had an important part to play in the history of Spo- 
kane, in molding its destiny and shaping its policy as well as in pro- 
moting its business activity. The same spirit of advancement which 
actuated him in all his private relations was manifest in his public 
life and any movement with which he became connected was benefited 

*cA/ > 

jLOYD S. ROBERTS, prominent in financial circles 
in Spokane as a dealer in stocks and bonds and gen- 
eral banking business, which be conducted as a mem- 
ber of tbe firm of Roberts Brothers up to the time of 
bis deatb, was born in Ross county, Ohio, November 
24, 1800, bis parents being Albert D. and Rebecca 
Roberts, tbe former a prominent farmer of Ross county. In the pub- 
lic schools of that county the son pursued his education to the age 
of eighteen years, when he put aside his text-books to devote his en- 
tire time and attention to general agricultural pursuits, which he 
followed for a few years. He then engaged in the milling business 
with his brother in Ross county, Ohio, for a few years, after which 
he removed to the middle west, settling in Hutchinson, Kansas, where 
his business connection was that of representative for the Winfield 
Mortgage & Trust Company. He occupied that position for two 
years and in 1888 came to Spokane as representative for the same 
company, continuing in their employ until 1890. 

Mr. Roberts then organized the Washington Abstract & Title 
Company, of which he was president for a year, and also became iden- 
tified with the Bank of Columbia. Later he became cashier of the 
Brown National Bank, with which he was connected for two years, 
and on the expiration of that period he became one of the firm of 
Roberts Brothers, dealers in stocks and bonds and also conducting 
a general banking business. He was thus associated up to the time 
of his death. He did not confine his attention entirely to that line, 
for he also organized the firm of Powell, Roberts & Finley, of which 
he was president for two years. He occupied a commanding posi- 
tion in banking circles and his ability was recognized by his colleagues 
and contemporaries, who ever expressed admiration for his resource- 
fulness, his capable management and his executive force. 

On the 25th of August, 1891. Mr. Roberts was united in marriage 
to Miss Cora L. Belt, a daughter of the Hon. Horatio N. and Martha 
(Tipton) Belt, who are mentioned elsewhere in this volume. The 
children of this marriage are Dorothy L. and Marshall A., both of 
whom are in school. 



ilopb ft. feofatctj 

In his political views JNIr. Roberts was a republican but the honors 
and emoluments of office had no attraction for him. He held mem- 
bership in the Westminster Congregational church and in that faith 
passed away October 23, 190,3. He was a home-loving man, devoted 
to the welfare of his family and ever loyal in his friendships. There 
were no spectacular phases in his life but his record was none the less 
useful and none the less significant than that of many a man who 
has been more prominently before the public eye. He was ever faith- 
full to duty, whether of a public or private nature, and his record 
indicates what can be accomplished along the lines of steady progres- 
sion when willingness to work, capability and recognition of oppor- 
tunity are numbered among the salient traits of the individual. 
Desire to succeed that he might provide well for his family prompted 
Mr. Roberts in all of his business career and brought him eventually 
to a prominent position in financial circles in Spokane. 

^vn^^-tT"^ , 

Robert Jofjn ©ansion 

[OBERT JOHN DAN SON, senior partner of the 

R£ 2 ' aw tii' m °f Danson, Williams & Danson and a prac- 
£ 2 titioner at the Spokane bar since 1890, was born in 
C^ Pewaukee, Wisconsin, February 2, 1857. His fa- 
[£§§£3§§t I t * ier ' R° Dert W« Hanson, became an early settler of 
the Badger state, establishing his home in Pewaukee 
in 1840. There he died in 1867, while his wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Michal Giles, survived him until 1898. 

After attending the graded and high schools of Pewaukee, Rob- 
ert J. Danson entered the State Normal at Whitewater, Wisconsin, 
and when his course there was completed he went to Waukesha, Wis- 
consin, where he read law in an attorney's office. His last year's 
reading was pursued at Davenport, Iowa, where he was admitted 
to the bar in December, 1881. He then practiced in that city until 
1883, when he removed to Algona, Iowa, where he followed his pro- 
fession until 1890. In that year he came to Spokane and formed a 
partnership with Judge Prather under the firm name of Prather & 
Danson, which association was maintained for four and a half years. 
During the succeeding year and a half Mr. Danson practiced alone 
and was then joined by Mr. Huneke under the firm style of Danson 
& Huneke, which was continued until January 1, 1905, when the firm 
name was changed to Danson & Williams. On the 1st of Septem- 
ber, 1911, they were joined by Mr. Danson's son, Robert W., at 
which time they adopted the firm name of Danson, Williams & Dan- 
son. Their clientage is extensive and of an important character and 
in the work of the courts Robert J. Danson is proving himself the 
peer of the ablest members of the Spokane bar. 

Aside from his professional activity Mr. Danson is known in busi- 
ness circles as one of the organizers and stockholders of the Pasco 
Reclamation Company and has done much to upbuild and improve 
that district through his efforts in connection with the company. He 
is also a trustee of the Washington Trust Company and of the 
Union Park Bank. 

On the 17th of March, 1881, Mr. Danson was married to Miss 
Ella J. Lilly, a daughter of John Lilly, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

258 ftofaert gTohn Bangon 

They have five children: Ella E., now the wife of Clyde Higgins; 
Robert W., a member of the law firm of Danson, Williams & Dan- 
son; Michal L. and May, both at home; and Ethel, who is attending 
Monticello Seminary at Godfrey, Illinois. 

Mr. Danson is well known in Masonic circles, having attained the 
thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite and also crossed the sands 
of the desert with the nobles of El Katif Temple of the Mystic 
Shrine. He is likewise a member of the Spokane Club and the Spo- 
kane Country Club. In a profession where advancement depends 
entirely upon individual merit and ability he has worked his way 
constantly upward and at the same time has proven his resourceful- 
ness in his capable management of other business interests and 




German J^vmtet 

jERMAN PREUSSE, now living retired, was for 

H™2 many years the senior partner of the firm of Preusse 
r& & Zittel, architects of Spokane. He received most 
™ thorough professional training in Germany, his na- 
tive country, and has contributed perhaps more 
largely to the upbuilding of Spokane in his line of 
business than any other one man, being today the oldest architect in 
the profession of this city. 

He was born in Germany in 1847, a son of Carl Victor and Vic- 
toria Preusse. He was only three years of age when his father died 
and his mother afterward became the wife of Wilhelm Mehl, a lead- 
ing architect, so that Mr. Preusse had excellent opportunity to be- 
gin preparation for his profession at a very early age. He was a 
lad of thirteen years when he went to Halle on the Saale river and 
in the famous institution of that city studied for three years, after 
which he returned home and had the practical experience of three 
years' service and instruction in his stepfather's office. He then re- 
sumed his studies in the noted college of architecture at Holzminden 
and such was his standing that he was sent by the faculty of that in- 
stitution to superintend the construction of the large Bessemer steel 
works in Osnabriick. After completing the work there he came to 
America, realizing that in this country, which was only sparsely set- 
tled comparatively and yet was enjoying rapid growth, he would 
find better and broader opportunities than could be secured in the 
more thickly settled and older European countries. He arrived in 
New York in June, 1870, and at once made his way to Chicago, 
where he found employment in the North Chicago Rolling Mills, but 
shortly after the great fire of 1871 he was compelled to leave that 
city on account of ill health. He then visited the various western 
states and territories and finally settled in San Bernardino, Cali- 
fornia, where for some time he conducted a thriving business. He 
afterward lived in San Francisco for a time and subsequently estab- 
lished his home in Sterling, Kansas, whence he went to Kansas City, 

262 German -gremeige 

In 1882 Mr. Preusse came to Spokane, where he began the prac- 
tice of his profession and is today the oldest architect of this city in 
years of continuous connection therewith. He has seen the develop- 
ment of Spokane from a population of one or two hundred to the 
leading city of the Inland Empire and one of the most prominent 
cities of the Pacific coast. Many of the imposing buildings which 
were destroyed by the fire of 1889 were designed by him and erected 
under his supervision. Since this he has made plans and specifica- 
tions for a large number of the finest business blocks and residences 
and other buildings in this city and eastern Washington. In 1893 
he admitted J. A. Zittel to a partnership and they also employed 
an assistant. Mr. Preusse has devoted the efforts of a lifetime to 
the study and practice of his chosen jjrofession and as a natural re- 
sult of such concentration he is in the front rank among the architects 
of the state. Economy, practicability, utility and beauty all enter 
into his work and whether following a unique style or building ac- 
cording to modern construction, comfort and convenience are al- 
ways matters of consideration in his plans. As he has prospered in 
his undertakings he has made judicious investment in farm property, 
for agriculture and horticulture have always been matters of in- 
terest to him. He has owned four farms, each of which contained 
one hundred and sixty acres, and under his supervision these have 
been highly improved. This, however, has been but a side issue or 
interest in his life, for he has devoted himself almost entirely to the 
practice of his profession. Among some of the best known buildings 
which he has designed are the Auditorium block, the Jamieson block, 
Blalock building, Fernwell block, Granite building, Ziegler building, 
Victoria Hotel, Hotel Pacific and many other structures. He de- 
signed the first permanent buildings of Gonzaga College and the 
School of Science of Pullman. In fact, the starting of the latter in- 
stitution was due entirely to his efforts. 

Mr. Preusse has been twice married. While a resident of Ster- 
ling, Kansas, he wedded Miss Rosa Cole, a native of Pennsylvania, 
who died in Spokane, April 17, 1897. leaving four children, namely: 
Olga May and Florence Augusta who were educated in an eastern 
university; Carl Victor; and Arnold Bismarck. Mr. Preusse believes 
in educating Ms children well and expects to give them every pos- 
sible advantage in that direction. On the 3d of October, 1910, he was 
married to Mrs. Emma (Keller) Wilke, a daughter of Dr. S. and 
Marie (Wingender) Keller, who came from Germany at an early 
age and settled in Wisconsin. Her father, however, is now a re- 

fttcman $vtuite > 6i 

tired physician of Spokane and her mother died nearly thirty years 
ago. Mrs. Preusse has two brothers, and one sister, who are num- 
bered among the pioneers of this region. Socially Mr. Preusse is 
affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and the Elks and he is a pub- 
lic-spirited citizen who takes a commendable interest in every enter- 
prise for the promotion of the general welfare but is especially in- 
terested in educational matters. 



3 ultus; a. Htttel 

ULIUS A. ZITTEL, a Spokane architect, whose 
developing powers have brought him to a position 
where recognized skill and ability place him with the 
foremost representatives of his profession in the 
Inland Empire, is now a member of the firm of Zit- 
tel & Rigg and has followed his chosen calling in this 
city since 1887. The name indicates his German birth and nativity, 
his natal year being 1869. He was thirteen years of age when he 
crossed the Atlantic to America, residing for a time in Chicago, where 
he studied architecture in a large office of that city until he came to 
Spokane. He was about eighteen years of age when, in 1887, he 
arrived in Washington and secured employment with H. Preusse, 
who was already established as a leading architect of this city. For 
six years he continued in the office and the recognition of his con- 
stantly increasing ability led to his admission to a partnership in 1893, 
and they continued in business under the firm style of Preusse & 
Zittel until 1910. In the intervening period of eighteen years they 
designed and superintended the construction of many of the fin- 
est buildings in Spokane, including the Gonzaga College and the 
Victor block. They were also the architects who designed the new 
city hall, St. Aloysius Catholic church and the Carnegie Library build- 
ing. Mr. Zittel, moreover, is connected with the building interests of 
the city as vice president of the Citizens Building & Loan Association. 
He has been a close student of his profession and is thoroughly famil- 
iar with the great scientific principles which underlie his work, while 
in design and execution the work embodies many of the most artistic- 

In 1889 occurred the marriage of Mr. Zittel and Miss Alice 
Shanks, a daughter of Robert and Marion Shanks, both pioneers of 
the county. They have one child. Eunice I. M., born in 1893, who is 
attending school. Their acquaintance in Spokane is a wide one and 
their circle of friends is almost coextensive therewith. Mr. Zittel pos- 
sesses many of the sterling characteristics of the German race, includ- 
ing the thoroughness and perseverance as well as artistic temperament 
which have made the Teutonic people an important element of 
progress in various parts of the world. 

iWajor fames iffl. Armstrong 

^^POKANE is a monument to the business ability and 
enterprise of such men as Major James M. Arm- 
strong, who came to this city in 1883 when its pro- 
portions were those of a village. He recognized, 
however, the possibilities for growth and develop- 
ment here and became a prominent factor in business 
circles, active in the management of business affairs which have con- 
stituted important elements in public progress. 

He was born in Washington, Washington county, Pennsylvania, 
April 23, 1844, a son of David and Letitia Armstrong, who were 
also natives of that place. When a little lad of six years he accom- 
panied his parents on their removal to Louisville, Kentucky, and six 
years later the family went to Washington, Iowa. It is a notable 
fact that much of Major Armstrong's life was spent in communities 
named in honor of the "father of his country," for he was born in 
Washington, Pennsylvania, lived for a time in Washington, Iowa, 
and Washington, D. C, and afterward became a resident of the state 
of Washington. 

Following the outbreak of the Civil war he enlisted on the 28th 
of July, 1861, as a private of Company K, Thirteenth Iowa Volunteer 
Infantry, and served in the Army of the Tennessee for three years, 
participating in many hard fought campaigns and engagements, in- 
cluding the battle of Shiloh, the siege and battle of Corinth and the 
siege of Vicksburg. He also took part in the battles of Marietta, 
Peach Tree Creek and Atlanta, and in the last named sustained a 
gun-shot wound in the left leg, which necessitated the amputation of 
that member, so that he was honorably discharged for disability on 
the 21st of July, 1864. He left Iowa in 1867. going to Washington, 
D. C, where he occupied a clerical position in the census office of the 
department of the interior and also acted as chief clerk in the land 
office. While thus engaged he entered upon the study of law in the 
Columbia Law School and was graduated with the class of 1871. 

The year 1880 witnessed the arrival of Major Armstrong in this 
state. On the 20th of April he was appointed by President Hayes 

272 jflajot %amt6 ill. 'Mtmattong 

to the position of register of the laud office at Colfax and came to 
Spokane on the transference of the office to this city in September, 
1883. He held that position until 188.5, after which he engaged in 
the general practice of law for four years, but was again called to 
public office in October, 1889, when elected county clerk. He ably 
discharged the duties of that position for four years and then served 
as deputy until 1895, when he resigned to become treasurer of the 
LeRoi Mining Company, which he had aided in incorporating in 
1890. At the time the mine was sold in 1898 he was treasurer of the 
company and a heavy stockholder. He was also interested in the 
Sullivan group and was president of the Wonderful and other min- 
ing properties and vice president of the Miller Creek group and of 
the Gem. His investments in mining property brought him splendid 
returns and he also became interested in city property in Spokane, 
being half owner of the Hyde block and owner of a fine residence 
on the north side. He became one of the most prominent residents 
of tliis city and took high rank among the men whose enterprise and 
business ability developed and built up Spokane and the surrounding 
mining region — the great source of its wealth and prosperity. 

On the 11th of June. 1873, in Washington, D. C, Major Arm- 
strong was united in marriage to Miss Lida B. Murphy, a native of 
Philadelphia and a daughter of Charles and Margaret E. Murphy, 
the former a descendant of one of the prominent early English fam- 
ilies of this country. Her father was at one time a resident of New 
Jersey and afterward of Philadelphia, becoming an editor of that 
city and later a prominent lawyer. Unto Major and Mrs. Armstrong 
was born a daughter. May Edith, who was born April 17. 1880, and 
is now the wife of Donald Kizer, a practicing attorney of Spokane. 
They have one daughter, Edith Lida Kizer. 

During the last five years of his life Major Armstrong was an 
invalid, compelled to spend much of his time within doors, but he 
was a great reader and his books and the companionship of his wife 
and daughter made the hours pass pleasantly. His political alle- 
giance was given to the republican party and he was always regarded 
as a public-spirited man for it was known that his aid was never with- 
held from all practical public projects and movements. He died 
September 10, 1909, after a residence of twenty-six years in the 
northwest. He was determined and energetic and his resolute spirit 
enabled him to cany forward to successful completion whatever lie 
undertook. Socially he was known as a prominent member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, becoming a charter member of John 

jffajor 3&mts jtl. Armstrong 


L. Reno Post, of this city, and he was also 
lowed the accumulation of wealth to in any 
toward those less fortunate and was always wi 

Elk. He never al- 
way affect his relations 
llingto extend a helping 
hand where aid was needed. In the years of his active career he was 
a strong man in his ability to plan and perform and always equally 
so in his honor and good name. 





fton. J ante* Allien ^erfetng 

JIGH political honors might have been won by James 

Hgs-i Allen Perkins had his ambition centered along that 
r£j line, but he has preferred to utilize the opportunities 
w% offered in business and gain his success in the de- 
velopment and conduct of projects which have con- 
tributed to general prosperity as well as to individ- 
ual success. The consensus of public opinion names him as one of the 
most useful, representative and honored residents of Colfax and 
Whitman county and because of this his life history cannot fail to 
prove of interest to many of the readers of this volume. 

Illinois claims Mr. Perkins as a native son, his birth having oc- 
curred in Belle Plaine, Marshall county, September 7, 1841. His 
parents were Joel B. and Margaret (Burt) Perkins, who were among 
the earliest settlers on the Pacific coast, having crossed the plains 
with an ox team in 1832. They settled in the vicinity of Oregon 
City in the Willamette valley and subsequently became residents of 
Benton comity, Oregon, where they remained until 1861. That 
year witnessed their arrival in Washington, taking up their abode 
in Walla Walla county, where the father purchased a tract of land 
adjoining the present town of Waitsburg. His energies were there 
devoted to the development and improvement of a good farm and 
the work of reclaiming the wild land was further advanced through 
the efforts of James Allen Perkins, who took up a preemption claim 
adjoining his father's place. However, he afterward sold his right 
to that property and purchased the tract upon which the town of 
Huntsville now stands. In July, 1870, Mr. Perkins and Thomas J. 
Smith, who was elected state senator from Whitman county upon 
the admission of the state, settled on the land at the junction of the 
north and south branches of the Palouse river, agreeing between 
themselves as to boundaries, for the United States survey had not 
then been made. After they had together put up thirty tons of 
wild hay and had taken to their land the materials necessary for 
building their houses, Mr. Smith withdrew, leaving Mr. Perkins with 
no other company than his employes. However, the warm personal 
friendship formed between the two men years ago has always been 


278 %on. Sfameg gUen igerfetng 

maintained and Mr. Perkins afterward secured a neighbor in H. S. 
Hollingsworth, who in the spring located on the land vacated by Mr. 
Smith. The two soon afterward began the erection of the first saw- 
mill in the region north of the Snake river, east of the Columbia and 
west of the Rocky mountains, and in various other ways took active 
part in the development of the district, both along material and po- 
litical lines. 

When an act of the territorial legislature organized Whitman 
county during the winter of 1871-2, Mr. Perkins was appointed one 
of the commissioners to locate the county seat. Colfax, for the town 
had even then been platted and named, was the location chosen, and 
the decision of the commissioners was sustained by the voters at the 
next regular election. Mr. Perkins had for some time been recog- 
nized as a leading and forceful factor in community affairs and in 
1870 had received an offer from Superintendent Ross, at Fort Sim- 
coe, to look after Indian matters in the Yakima country. He had 
declined the position, however, preferring to cast in his lot with the 
town which was just springing into existence on his land. His de- 
cision was fortunate for the little city as well as for himself, as since 
that date he has proven a most active and prominent factor in the 
work of general progress and improvement. His capital has been 
given freely toward its upbuilding and all of his activities have proven 
elements in its growth and advancement. Specific proof of the 
value of his labors is found in the fact that he was one of the incor- 
porators of the Washington & Idaho Railroad, which has had an im- 
measurable effect upon the development of the agricultural and 
mineral resources of the two states whose names it bears. He turned 
his attention to the field of banking when in 1881 he purchased from 
C. C. Linnington the Bank of Colfax, remaining sole proprietor 
thereof until 1886, in which year A. L. Mills was admitted to part- 
nership. Four years passed and O. E. Williams then became the 
partner of Mr. Perkins and the successor of Mr. Mills. The bank 
has always been conducted on safe, conservative lines and has consti- 
tuted a potent force in the financial stability of this section. Mr. 
Perkins has also operated quite extensively in real estate as local 
agent for the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company and the 
Northern Pacific Railway Company, representing the latter since it 
has placed its land on the market. 

Mr. Perkins was married in Whitman county, in 1873, to Miss 
Jennie Ewart, daughter of Captain James Ewart. Mr. and Mrs. 
Perkins are parents of four children, namely: Minnie B., who in 

%on. 3Tameg &Qen $erfetn* 


November, 1899, married L. L. Tower, a mining engineer, residing 
at Northport, Washington; Myrtle M., who in June, 1896, became 
the wife of Charles E. Scriber, cashier of the Second National Bank 
of Colfax; Stella, who is the wife of N. B. McDowell and lives in 
Spokane; and Sumner E. The three daughters were all educated 
at Mills Seminary in Oakland, California. 

Mr. Perkins delivered the first Fourth of July address which was 
ever held in Spokane, in 1874, to an audience which was composed 
of people living within a radius of fifty to sixty miles from Spokane, 
which at that time numbered only seven families as its inhabitants. 
After the address a prominent lady stepped up to him and remarked : 
"Mr. Perkins, I wish I had tbe faith that you must have to enable 
you to paint so vivid a word picture of the great future that lays be- 
fore Spokane." Mr. Perkins now tells his friends that the predic- 
tions he made in 1874 have been realized in the Spokane of today. 
Even two years before this event, in 1872, Mr. Perkins was called 
upon to address an audience on the same day in Colfax. 

With all of the varied activities of home and business life, Mr. 
Perkins has never been neglectful of his duties and obligations of 
citizenship and has been a close and thorough student of the political 
signs of the times. His influence and efforts have extended beyond 
city and county into state politics and his opinions have long carried 
weight in republican councils. In the session of 1879 he represented 
Whitman county in the territorial legislature, and public approval 
of his course would undoubtedly have been given him in a reelection 
had he not declined to again stand for office. He has been a delegate 
to territorial conventions, chairman of the republican county central 
committee, a member of the territorial committee and was one of the 
members of the first town council of Colfax. The appreciation of 
his fellow townsmen for his worth, ability and progressive citizen- 
ship is indicated by tbe fact that he has four times been chosen for 
mayor of Colfax and once without an opposing vote. He was an 
alternate delegate to the national convention which nominated James 
A. Garfield for the presidency and in 1892 was a delegate at large 
to the national republican convention which met at Minneapolis. In 
August of that year Mr. Perkins was strongly urged by many to 
allow his name to be used in connection with the candidacy for gov- 
ernor but he steadily refused. Many believe that he would have re- 
ceived the nomination had he cared for it, and a nomination at that 
time would have been equivalent to an election. Again his friends 
urged him to become a candidate for the position of United States 


5?on. James 3Uen -Perkins* 

senator in 1893, but he would not consent as long as Hon. J. B. Allen 
was before the legislature as a candidate. His ambition has not been 
in the line of office seeking and yet no man is more mindful of his 
duties of citizenship nor labors more earnestly and effectively to 
promote public progress. Every phase of his public as well as of 
his private life is above reproach and even those who hold adverse 
political opinions have naught to say against the man. He is natu- 
rally courteous and cordial and these qualities have won him friends 
wherever he is known, and the fact that those who have known him 
longest are his warmest friends is an indication of an honorable and 
well spent life. 


jf rank HL. JttcCollougf) 

[HE part which Frank T. McCollough has taken in 
the upbuilding of Spokane deserves mention in the 
history of this city, for he was prominently con- 
nected with James Hill, the railroad magnate, and 
his interests, having charge of the donations and 
money which secured the right-of-way for the Great 
Northern Railroad through the city. In the real-estate field his 
operations have also been notable for he has platted and put upon 
the market some valuable additions and has also taken an active part 
in the social life of the city. Mr. McCollough was born August 30, 
1868, in Flora, Illinois, and was one of the six children of W. G. 
and Orinda J. (Notestine) McCollough. The former was born in 
Mansfield, Ohio, and is of Scotch descent, his ancestors having been 
numbered among the early New England settlers whose arrival in 
America antedated the Revolutionary war. W. G. McCollough 
became a soldier of the Mexican war and during his business life 
was largely connected with railroad interests. His wife, who was 
born in Pennsylvania, was the daughter of a Civil war veteran who 
served as captain of an Ohio company. She, too, belongs to a 
family that was represented in the war for independence and she 
comes of German lineage. She is now living in Illinois but her hus- 
band passed away in 1896. The two daughters of the family are: 
Ella, the wife of W. S. Glover, in railroad service in Illinois; and 
Tinnie, who is the widow of J. C. Condit, and resides in Beardstown, 

Frank T. McCollough was educated in the public schools of his 
native state and at a very early age started out in life, becoming tele- 
graph operator when a boy of twelve years. He served at different 
places between Vincennes, Indiana, and St. Louis, Missouri, and 
worked his way upward through various promotions until at the 
age of eighteen years he was filling the responsible position of train 
dispatcher. In 1889 he came to Spokane to enter the Washington 
Savings Bank but about that time the memorable fire occurred and 
destroyed the plans of the institution. He then entered the Spokane 
National Bank but in 1890 withdrew to form a partnership with L. 

284 jfranfe ®. jffiltCoOough 

C. Dillman, in the real-estate business under the firm name of L. C. 
Dillman & Company, which connection was continued until 1897. 
At all times he watched with interest the progress of events and the 
trend of the times, having faith in the future of this section and sup- 
porting its interests with enthusiasm. In the meantime the Hill roads 
were being instituted in this district and Mr. Hill came to Spokane, 
the city giving him the right-of-way for five miles through its ter- 
ritory, the property being valued at that time from a half to three- 
quarters of a million dollars. A citizens' committee made Mr. Mc- 
Collough its secretary and as such he had charge of the money and 
donations and also of securing the right-of-way through the city. 
At that time the overland train tonnage was four hundred and eighty- 
three and Mr. Hill stated that he would have engines to haul twelve 
hundred tons or more. This seemed an increditable statement at 
the time but with his characteristic foresight the railroad magnate 
saw far into the future and now has engines hauling trains of eight- 
een hundred tons. It was in 1896 that Mr. Hill was in Spokane, 
at which time he made his headquarters at Mr. McCollough's office. 
The latter continued in the real-estate business until 1898 and his 
efforts proved an important factor in the development of this city. 
He put upon the market the River Front addition and Cliff Park 
addition, and in the former sold in eight months property to the 
value of seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars. He then pur- 
chased from the Northern Pacific Railroad the Cliff Park addition 
and began its development. His firm paid a subscription of fifty- 
five thousand dollars for the cable railroad to that addition. It was 
a part of the Spokane street railway system and is now owned by the 
Washington Water Power Company. Henry L. Wilson, now 
United States Ambassador to Mexico, was chairman and Mr. Mc- 
Collough a member of the committee which secured one thousand 
acres for a post site, and Daniel Lamont, then secretary of war, de- 
clared when he came to Spokane that it was the most beautiful site 
for an army post in the United States, outside of West Point. In 
1898 Mr. McCollough turned his attention to the laundry business 
in which he has since been engaged, organizing the Crystal Laundry 
Company of which he is the secretary and treasurer. They conduct 
the largest laundry business in this city and have in connection there- 
with a dry-cleaning plant. Their business is located on the Spokane 
river and their plant represents an outlay of over one hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars, comparing most favorably with many of the 
best laundries of the larger cities. D. R. McClure is the president 

Jfranfe H. iflcCotlougf) 


of the firm but Mr. McCollough as secretary and treasurer is in a 
large measure managing the business. For many years he has been 
affiliated with the Old National Bank as a stockholder and is one of 
the owners of the Old National Bank building and a stockholder in 
the Union Trust Company and the Union Surety Company. 

Mr. McCollough's activity in club and social circles has made 
him very widely known and has been the means of winning for him 
a very large circle of warm friends. He is a charter member of the 
Country Club which was organized with a small membership and held 
its meetings in a club house at Liberty Park. He was serving as 
president of the club when the traction company opened its addition 
in Manito Park and offered to the club fifty-two acres of land for 
one hundred and forty-five dollars per acre. The purchase was made 
and after holding this for a little over four years the club sold it at 
thirteen hundred and seventy dollars per acre, investing the proceeds 
in two hundred and forty acres in Little Spokane. At present they 
have a very fine club house and the organization owns its own water 
supply and sewage system, while the total improvements on this 
property aggregate one hundred and eighty thousand dollars. Their 
building is one hundred and seventy-five feet long, was constructed 
to accommodate five hundred members, has thirty-two sleeping apart- 
ments and is altogether one of the handsomest club houses in the 
country, pleasantly situated just eight miles north from Riverside 
and Howard streets. With the exception of a single year Mr. Mc- 
Collough has continuously served on the board of directors since the 
club was organized and is now secretary and treasurer. 

Mr. McCollough likewise belongs to the Spokane Club and Ro- 
tary Club, is a life member of the Spokane Athletic Club and a char- 
ter member of the Coeur d'Alene Boat Club. He likewise belongs 
to Spokane Lodge, No. 7-1, F. & A. M., is a member of the Young 
Men's Christian Association and a leading representative of the 
Chamber of Commerce, having served many times on its important 
committees. His political allegiance is given to the democratic party 
and his military experience came to him as lieutenant of the Gover- 
ernor's Guard under Governor Richard Oglesby, of Illinois. He 
was held with his company in the armory for three days preparatory 
to being called out for duty at the time of the Haymarket riots in 

Mr. McCollough was married in Spokane, November 14, 1889, to 
Miss Mary A. Wolgamot, a daughter of John F. Wolgamot, con- 
nected with mining interests in the northwest. His friends find him a 

286 Jfranfe &. jttcCoflmigft 

genial, courteous and obliging gentleman. It would be difficult to 
place a limit upon the influence of his activities along business and 
social lines. He is well fitted by nature for leadership for his judg- 
ment is sound, his sense of justice keen and his spirit always stim- 
ulated by progressiveness. These qualities have placed him where 
he is today— in a prominent position in the business and club life of 

OTiUiam 3 . Mtktv&on 

lILLIAM J. NICKERSON, while conducting a 

W|wv) general real-estate business, largely handles his own 
Wl properties. While he is now developing and con- 
» ducting an extensive business in the purchasing and 
sale of realty he has also been most active as a fac- 
tor in promoting the progress and advancing the 
civilization which has taken Spokane and this section of the state out 
of the pioneer class, placing the city with all of its advantages, oppor- 
tunities and improvements on a par with the cities of the older east. 
His birth occurred near Coburg, Ontario, Canada, August 8, 1843. 
His father, Ephraim Andrew Nickerson, also a native of that coun- 
try, was descended in the maternal line from a family represented in 
the Revolutionary war. His mother's ancestors were from Amster- 
dam, Holland, and in the early colonial epoch settled on the Hudson 
river where the Van Rensselaers also located. She was taken pris- 
oner by the Indians and held in captivity for a long time but was 
afterward released. Her father, however, was kept as a prisoner by 
the Indians for seven years and her adopted brother, when captured, 
was killed and un jointed from his toes to his hips, the pieces of his 
body being thrown down before his foster father. Ephraim Andrew 
Nickerson, born and reared in Canada resided for a number of years 
in Iowa, where he filled the office of justice of the peace and school 
director and held other positions of public trust. It was in 1855 that 
he became a resident of Manchester, Delaware county, Iowa, where 
he engaged in farming and in following that pursuit he provided a 
comfortable living for his family. He died in 1892 but is still sur- 
vived by his wife, who is living in Spokane at the advanced age of 
ninety-one years. She bore the maiden name of Elizabeth Ash and 
was born in Canada, where she was married though she was reared in 
the United States. 

William J. Nickerson was a young lad when the family left 
Canada, going first to Illinois and thence to the vicinity of Man- 
chester, Iowa, where the father purchased land, the family there re- 
siding until 1863. On the 1st of June, 1864, they went to Oakland, 
California, making the long trip across the plains, and William J. 

290 Saailtiam 3- Jltckergon 

Nickerson attended school in Alameda and afterward became a col- 
lege student at San Jose and Santa Clara, being graduated in the 
latter city in 1865. In that year he went to San Francisco, where he 
engaged in the shipping and forwarding business, first being em- 
ployed as porter for the firm of Moss, Beadle, Goodall & Perkins. 
From that position he was advanced through intermediate positions 
to that of chief bookkeeper and had general charge of the business 
in the office until 1874. For a short time he engaged in the commis- 
sion business on his own account in partnership with a man named 
Danzell. In 1883 he made his way to Washington and afterward 
to Plaza, Washington, and during the succeeding eighteen years was 
closely connected with mercantile interests of that place. He also 
served as postmaster there for sixteen years, from 1892 until 1908. 
Seeking a still broader field of labor he removed from Plaza to Spo- 
kane, where he has since engaged in real-estate and mining interests. 
Like most of the men who have lived in the northwest he had at 
different times been closely associated with mining and the life of the 
camps in all of its different phases was familiar to him. He went to 
Idaho in 1883, going over the "Jackass" trail and digging a way 
through the snow, being thirteen days on that trail. He purchased 
what was then known as the Charles Dickens mine but is now called 
the Idaho Knickerbocker mine, a very fine property which is now ship- 
ping its product. He also purchased placer mining ground on Trail 
creek and was very successful in working it. In the fall of 1884 he 
was there joined by his wife. Conditions seemed very crude at times 
and yet there was a hospitality which made life enjoyable. At the 
first dance held there the men dressed in miner's clothes with long- 
topped boots, but everybody greatly enjoyed the ball. There was no 
school in the district and to meet this need Mr. Nickerson and others 
organized a school, getting up entertainments in order to meet the ex- 
penses. They produced such plays as "Uncle Tom's Cabin," and it is 
said that "dollars fairly rained upon the stage" until they had money 
enough to build a schoolhouse and pay the teacher. The town was then 
called Beaver but the name has since been changed to Delta. While at 
Plaza Mr. Nickerson filled the office of justice of the peace. 

With advancing years and the changes in conditions Mr. Nick- 
erson wished to become a factor in the city life with its broader busi- 
ness opportunities and removed to Spokane, where he has since con- 
ducted a general real-estate business although much of the property 
which he handles he purchased outright. He is still interested in 
the Idaho Knickerbocker and the Royal Copper Mining Companies, 

OTilliam J. fiitktv&on 


of which he is secretary-treasurer. He is also interested in the Val- 
ley Mining Company and other mining property near Valley, Wash- 
ington, and he likewise owns property near Princeton, British Colum- 
bia, comprising twenty-four claims. 

In 1872, in Solano county, California, Mr. Nickerson was united 
in marriage to Miss Alice E. Patterson, a daughter of Robert Pat- 
terson, of Solano county, formerly of Pennsylvania, and a repre- 
sentative of one of the old American families. They have become 
parents of three children: William Harley; Claude Robert; and 
Pearl E., who is the wife of John Moore, of Mount Vernon, Wash- 

While residing in California Mr. Nickerson served in the state 
militia for five years as a member of Company A, of the First Regi- 
ment of the California National Guards of San Francisco. He was 
also made a Mason in San Francisco lodge. In politics he is a repub- 
lican and has been a delegate to various county and state conventions 
of his party. At different times he has held local offices and was 
very active as a political leader in Idaho during the early days. He 
is now identified with the Chamber of Commerce and has ever kept 
in touch with the trend of modern progress, becoming a cooperant 
factor in the projects and movements which have brought about the 
present day civilization and prosperity. 

£7\C^i> *-^^L^V^^ 

Hauctjltn JfflacHean 

JAUCHLIN MacLEAN, commencing his career as a 

L,«3«\ railroad man, in which connection he won success, 
j||j and advancing from that into the real-estate field, 
« is now a leading factor in the development and sale 
of irrigated lands, being today one of the best 
known and most prominent irrigationists of the 
west. He has not confined his efforts alone to Spokane and vicinity 
but has also promoted many other projects throughout the Inland 
Empire and if, as has been often stated, "that man is blessed who 
makes two blades of grass grow where one had grown," Mr. Mac- 
Lean has contributed much to general progress and has merited the 
prosperity which has crowned his own labors. He was born in Tyne 
Valley, Prince Edward Island, July 24, 18.56. His parents, Donald 
and Sarah (Ellis) MacLean, were also natives of that island, the 
former born near Port Hill and the latter at Bedford, of Scotch and 
English descent respectively. The MacLean family went to Prince 
Edward Island from Mull, Scotland, and Donald MacLean became 
a very prominent and influential citizen there, serving as one of the 
three judges of that district, a judgeship in that locality being equiv- 
alent to a seat on the superior court bench in the United States. He 
was also very active in the Presbyterian church, in which he served 
as a deacon and treasurer for thirty years. He died in 1891 and the 
same year his wife passed away. Her family were shipbuilders and 
went to Prince Edward Island from Bedford, England. Unto Mr. 
and Mrs. Donald MacLean were born five sons and eight daugh- 
ters: William, a farmer living at Northam, Prince Edward Island; 
Hugh, a farmer of that locality ; James Edward, an agriculturist of 
Tyne Valley; Dan, living on the old family homestead; Emily, the 
wife of Alexander McArthur, a farmer of Northam; Mary Ann, 
the wife of Lauchlin McNevin, a tanner and harness manufacturer 
of Tyne Valley; Rachael, whose husband, Mr. Horn, is a farmer of 
Elmsdale, Prince Edward Island; Maggie, Mina and Minerva, all 
of whom married farmers on Prince Edward Island; and Mrs. 
Caroline McAusland and Sarah Horn, both deceased. 


296 HautfrUn JttacJUan 

The other son of the family is Lauchlin MacLean, who was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native isle and until he reached the 
age of fifteen years remained on the old homestead. He then worked 
as water boy for a contractor on the Prince Edward Island Railway, 
which was then being built, and subsequently he spent three years as 
a stone cutter and builder, thoroughly acquainting himself with the 
trade during that period. When the road was completed he had 
charge of a section as foreman for three years and then came to the 
west. He spent two years with an engineering party on the Burling- 
ton & Missouri River Railroad at Beatrice, Nebraska, after which he 
proceeded to Cheyenne, Wyoming, and obtained a position as brake- 
man on the Union Pacific Railroad, being thus employed for six 
months. Later he was promoted to the position of conductor and 
ran a train on that line for two and a half years. 

Mr. MacLean became connected with the Northern Pacific Rail- 
road Company at the time when the eastern terminus of the west end 
of its line was just east of what is now Plains, Montana, and was 
one of the first conductors during its construction. Following the 
completion of the line he ran a passenger train on the Montana divi- 
sion until the company started to build its line from Pasco to Ellens- 
burg. He acted as conductor of the construction train connected 
with laying the track from Kiona to Ellensburg, after which he re- 
tired from railroad service. During the succeeding two years he was 
general agent for the Home Accident Company of San Francisco 
for the territory of Washington and at the end of that time formed 
a partnership with Major Fred R. Reed, now of southern Idaho, 
in the real-estate and insurance business at North Yakima, entering 
that field in 1886. The town was owned by the Northern Pacific 
Railroad Company and he had full charge of the town site and all 
the Northern Pacific lands in that district. In February, 1890, he 
came to Spokane, arriving here shortly after the fire. 

In this city Mr. MacLean entered the real-estate business, in 
which he continued for two years, but the "wanderlust" was not yet 
satisfied and he removed to Chelan Falls in what was then Okanogan 
county. There he laid out the town site of Chelan Falls, remaining 
at that place until the autumn of 1900, during which period he not 
only managed the town site and conducted his real-estate interests 
but also owned the hotel, the ferry boat and in addition occupied his 
superfluous energies in managing his stock ranch near Chelan Falls. 
He still owns the stock ranch of one thousand acres. In November, 
1900, Mr. MacLean removed to Wenatchee and acted as agent for 
the Northern Pacific land department, selling land in Chelan and 

Haucfrlin jffilatHean 297 

Douglas counties. In 1901 he promoted the high line ditch at We- 
natchee, an immense irrigation project covering at that time eight 
thousand acres. In June, 1903, he returned to Spokane, organized 
the Spokane Canal Company and promoted what is now the famous 
Otis Orchards, one of the garden spots of the Inland Empire and 
destined to be one of the greatest producing centers of the north- 
west. He continued as president and general manager of the com- 
pany until April 24, 1911, and in the development of that project 
six thousand acres were irrigated. Since coming to Spokane he has 
also organized the Methow Canal Company and built the high line 
Canal of the Methow valley, which covers four thousand acres. 
Three years ago, in 1908, he formed a partnership with Harry L. 
Irwin, of Chicago, and purchased the Fruit Land Irrigation Com- 
pany at Kettle Falls and completed the last nineteen miles of ditch 
line. He is still president of that company, whose line waters eight 
thousand acres of land. In June, 1910, he bought out the Garden 
Valley Irrigation Company and still owns that system in Ferry 
comity, on the west side of the Columbia river, near Kettle Falls, 
irrigating in that connection four thousand acres. Mr. MacLean 
has closely studied the subject of irrigation and his efforts have been 
a most practical element in the development of the Inland Empire 
in the reclamation of wild lands and the conversion of arid tracts 
into regions of productivity. Mr. MacLean is also well and widely 
known in connection with farming and ranching interests, being now 
president of the Sheep Creek Land Company, which planted one 
thousand acres in Stevens county to alfalfa and put in a complete 
irrigating system to cover it. On his ranch up the Columbia river 
which he still owns he has two hundred acres under irrigation by 
means of the gravity and pump system. He is also interested in 
other companies — all irrigation enterprises of great importance and 
all under development. The soil of this region is natural!}' very 
fertile and the only tiling required is the water supply to make the 
land extremely fruitful. Recognizing these facts, Mr. MacLean 
has promoted many projects to bring about the desired results and 
his labors are attended with success. His efforts have not only 
brought him financial reward but have constituted a most important 
factor in the development of this section of the state, the entire pub- 
lic being thus indirectly benefited owing to the fact that emigration 
is constantly attracted to this section and thus values in all lines of 
business are advanced. 

Home life, social interests and political activity have all had their 
place in the life of Mr. MacLean. He was married January 15, 

298 Uautftlin jWaelUan 

1888, to Miss Laura G. Stone, a daughter of Nathan N. Stone, of 
Vicksburg, Mississippi, and her grandmother was a first cousin of 
Horace Greeley. They now have one son, Donald, who was born 
February 22, 1904, and resides with his parents at their home at 
Otis Orchards. Mr. McLean has always voted with the republican 
party and has been very active in its support, deeming its principles 
most potent forces in good government. He has been a delegate to 
various conventions, both county and state, principally from Douglas, 
Chelan and Okanogan counties. He has always assisted materially 
in all elections and takes a keen interest in the growth and success of 
his party. Fraternally he is a Mason, having been made a member 
of Alexander Lodge, No. 5, Prince Edward Island, under the Grand 
Lodge of England. He later demitted to Cheyenne, Wyoming, and 
afterward became a charter member of the lodge under dispensation 
at North Yakima, which afterward was consolidated and became 
Lodge No. 24, of North Yakima. He demitted from there to join 
Lodge No. 34, of Spokane, after the reorganization following the 
great fire, and became one of the charter members of the Masonic 
lodge at Wenatchee. His membership is now in Oriental Lodge, 
No. 74, Spokane, and he is also a Royal Arch Mason, while both he 
and his wife are connected with the Order of the Eastern Star. He 
likewise holds membership with the Knights of Pythias at Wenat- 
chee, was the first president of the Eagles there and is still a member 
of the aerie. His membership relations with the Elks is in Everett, 
Washinglon, he being the first Elk from the central part of this 
state to place his membership there. He belongs also to the Spokane 
Club and is a valued member of several organizations which have 
for their object the advancement and development of the northwest 
and the exploitation of its resources and opportunities. He belongs 
to the Chamber of Commerce, of which he was a director for six and 
a half years but resigned in 1910. He has been a director of the 
National Apple Show since its organization and was also chairman 
of the Spokane county committee of the Alaska- Yukon Exposition 
at Seattle. He has attended six national irrigation congresses and 
by reason of the extent and importance of his business along that 
line his opinions have largely come to be regarded as authority con- 
cerning irrigation projects. The influence and benefit of his work 
are inestimable and the worth of his service no one doubts, as he has 
taken cognizance of the conditions and needs of this part of the 
country and in meeting the latter has contributed in large measure 
to the development of the country which is fast rivaling any section 
of this broad land in its productiveness. 




Militant 3T. Harris 

«[f 1LL1AM J. HARRIS, a Spokane capitalist inter- 

Wtt ested in many paying mining propositions and also 
J) in hotel properties in Spokane, was born in Halton 
^ county, Ontario, on the 17th of August, 1859. His 
^J parents, William Wellington and Hannah (Aikins) 
Harris, were pioneer residents of that section of 
Canada, to which the father removed with his parents from Pennsyl- 
vania about 1815. William Wellington Harris was a young lad at 
that time and in the ensuing years he experienced all of the hardships 
and privations of frontier life and aided in all the arduous labor inci- 
dent to the establishment of a home and the development of business 
interests in a new district. Both he and his wife have been dead many 
years. Of their family of ten children, six sons and four daughters, 
four of the brothers came to the west and are well known as business 
men in the various sections where they reside. John Harris owns 
and operates a large stock farm on the Salmon river. Daniel Harris, 
who was one of the pioneers of the Rossland mining camp of British 
Columbia, now lives in Vancouver, British Columbia, with his four 
sons and one daughter, who have the distinction of being the discov- 
erers of the Nine Mile mountain near Hazelton, British Columbia, 
and who are owners of the American Boy group and the Silver Cup 
mine of that section. Thomas Harris, another brother of the family, 
now living at Creston, British Columbia, was the discoverer of the 
White Grouse Mountain district, near the headwaters of the East 
Kootenai river, and is the owner of several group claims, the most 
prominent of which is the Bonshaw mine. Of the two brothers who 
remained in the east, Joseph Harris still lives on the old farm in On- 
tario, while Hugh Harris, also a farmer, resides about sixteen miles 
from the old homestead. 

William J. Harris received such educational advantages as his 
native county afforded. The schools, however, were mostly little log 
buildings and the methods of instruction were quite primitive. As 
soon as old enough to handle the plow William J. Harris began work 
in the fields and did other labor incident to farm life. He was quite 
young when his father died and he afterward left home, coming to 


304 WiUliam 3T. %arrig 

the United States when but twelve years of age. For a time he was 
employed on a farm near Osage, Iowa, and, accumulating a little 
money, he worked his way all over Iowa, Nebraska and South Da- 
kota, finally settling in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, where he engaged 
in farming and stock raising. In the fall of 1884, when the Coeur 
d'Alene mining excitement broke out, he disposed of his interest in 
Sioux Falls and made his way to that district, where he arrived with 
about four thousand dollars in cash. He had no experience in min- 
ing and after sixty days found himself entirely without capital. He 
did not become discouraged, however, and the next five years of his 
life he spent in mining and doing any kind of honest work that he 
could secure. He was one of the first men to work on the famous 
Sullivan & Bunker Hill mine, which was his first experience in hard 
rock mining. As Mr. Harris states, his five years were not a success 
as far as money was concerned. It was all hard work and very little 
reward; but he gained much valuable experience which proved the 
foundation for his later success. However, it is a long lane that has 
no turning and his way at length led him into more prosperous fields. 
In the spring of 1889 Mr. Harris determined to come to Spokane 
with the intention of entering into business in this city. At the time 
of his arrival he had but thirty-five cents in his pocket. He had 
learned, however, that industry and determination go far toward se- 
curing success and he resolved that those qualities should constitute 
the basis for advancement. He first took a position as manager of a 
restaurant that was conducted by a Mr. Wolf, whom he had known 
in the Coeur d'Alene district. A few weeks later he secured a res- 
taurant that was being conducted in a tent on the present site of the 
Young Men's Christian Association building by two men from the 
Palouse country. In a few months he had realized seven hundred 
and fifty dollars above all expenses and this sum he invested in an 
interest in a hotel on the present site of the Empire State building. 
By the following spring he had accumulated enough to purchase an 
interest in the Merchants Hotel on Riverside avenue and it was while 
conducting that hotel that he became interested in the LeRoi mine, 
in which several of the prominent men of Spokane made their for- 
tunes. A complete history of the LeRoi appears elsewhere in this 
work. Mr. Harris was a director from the time the company was 
incorporated and was its general manager at the time the property 
was sold to the British Syndicate. He was also one of the committee 
of four to select the site for the Xorthport smelter. There have been 
but few intervals during the entire period of his residence in the 

TOiUiam 3- %arrig 307 

northwest that he has not been connected in greater or less degree 
with mining interests, and at the present time he is a director of 
the June group of copper mines on Vancouver Island, British Colum- 
bia, and also of the Good Friday Consolidated Company of lied 
Mountain, British Columbia, He is the sole owner of the Quartz 
Creek placer mine in Clearwater county, four miles from Pierce, 
Idaho, and also of the Waldo dredging property which is in Jo- 
sephine county, forty miles west of Grants Pass, Oregon. 

Mr. Harris was married at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, in June, 
1882, to Miss Caroline Hanson, a native of Decorah, Iowa, and they 
had one daughter, Louise, who was born at Sioux Falls, South Da- 
kota, May 6, 1883. His wife and daughter accompanied him to the 
Coeur d'Alene district and in all of his wanderings they were together. 
In the Coeur d'Alene district, at the Argentine gulch about two and 
a half miles from Wallace, Mr. Harris built a cabin and there the 
little daughter received her first education. Schools at that time were 
not very numerous in the district, so the father would mark the letters 
on the door of the cabin with chalk in the morning, and when he re- 
turned at night from his work, the little one would copy the examples 
set her. Later excellent educational privileges were accorded her, 
her studies being pursued in Brunot Hall, an Episcopal school of 
Spokane, and later in Los Angeles, California. She was regarded 
as one of the most beautiful and accomplished young ladies on the 
Pacific coast and in addition to her intellectual and social graces she 
displayed great musical talent. In January, 1904, she left Spokane 
for a visit in Victoria and was one of the passengers on the ill-fated 
steamship Clallam, which sank in the straits near Port Townsend on 
the 8th of January, on which occasion Louise Harris and fifty-one 
other people lost their lives. After speaking of the storm which 
brought disaster to this ship and death to Miss Harris, one of the 
local papers said: 

"Miss Harris was one of the most popular women in Spokane. 
She was beautiful, amiable and sole heiress to a fortune estimated at 
about two hundred thousand dollars. She had many accomplishments 
and had the faculty of making and retaining friends. Miss Harris 
would have been twenty-one years old next May. She was born at 
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, on May 6, 1883. When she was less than 
a year old her parents emigrated to Idaho. Her father carried her 
in his arms on horseback into the Coeur dAlene mining district to 
Murray during the stampede of 1884. In 1889 her parents removed 
to Spokane and her father engaged in business here. The child, then 

308 Minium 5. Harris 

six years old, was educated in the public schools of this city and at 
Brunot Hall, the local seminary for girls conducted by the Protestant 
Episcopal church. The last seen of Louise Harris in life, she was 
in the lifeboat bravely seeking to comfort and cheer the frightened 
women and children who shared the boat with her. Then the lifeboat 
disappeared from the sight of those on the doomed steamer Clallam. 
Apparently the others in the lifeboat had been washed out by the 
great waves or blown from their places by the heavy gale. When the 
lifeboat was found the body of the brave and beautiful Spokane girl 
was found lying lifeless under the seat. The water which had swept 
into the boat more than covered her body. Whether she succumbed 
to the chill and exposure or was drowned in the boat will never be 
known. Survivors of the wreck remember Miss Harris well. They 
were able to do this through her absolute composure and self-assur- 
ance. They say she was the bravest person on the boat and that while 
she undoubtedly was frightened she would not show it for a single 
moment. While the small boat was being filled with women and 
children, Miss Harris did everything in her power to assist and cheer 
them. She would take little babies from the arms of their mothers 
and hold them until the women were safely seated in the boat. At all 
times she talked encouragingly to those who were among the last to 
leave the Clallam for the smaller crafts. Men were found who stated 
that they felt like cheering Miss Harris to the echo for her bravery 
and composure. It is said that she was the calmest and most self-pos- 
sessed person on the boat and that had it not been for her the chances 
are there would have been a serious panic among the women. Miss 
Harris was well known in Seattle and was a favorite with all who 
knew her. Two funeral services were held, one from All Saints' 
Cathedral, Spokane, and at the same hour the friends of the dead 
girl and her mother in Los Angeles, California, where they spent sev- 
eral winters, held memorial services in the First Presbyterian church 
of that city. The music at the two services was identical." 

Death again entered the Harris household when, on the 29th of 
September, 1911, Mrs. Harris was called from this life. She died 
very suddenly, after an illness of two days, at Quartz Creek, near 
Pierce, Idaho, where she had accompanied her husband on a visit of 
inspection to the extensive placer diggings he owned in that section. 
Mrs. Harris had been a resident of Spokane since shortly after the 
great fire and was thoroughly familiar with the pioneer history of 
this section of the country. She had personally become a large property 
owner, although, like other pioneer women, knew the hardships and 

3M3tUtam 3. %arttg 309 

difficulties of frontier life in the mining camps. She accompanied 
her husband to the Coeur d'Alenes during the boom 011 the north side 
in the middle '80s, and when the mines proved disappointing and con- 
ditions were such that work for men was exceedinglj difficult to ob- 
tain, she herself established a business in Murray. Again she engaged 
in business after the removal of the family to Mullan. Soon after 
their return to Spokane, Mr. Harris made a fortunate investment in 
the stock of the LeRoi mine, and her share of the profits Mrs. Harris 
invested in property that eventually made her one of the wealthiest 
women in Spokane. About twelve years prior to her death they pur- 
chased the Aberdeen Hotel and four years later built the Victoria 
and five years ago the Westminster, which they designed themselves. 
In addition they had minor realty holdings having a valuation of 
between three hundred and fifty and five hundred thousand dollars. 
It is said that Mrs. Harris was not only the brightest business woman 
in Spokane but also one of the most beloved women of the city. She 
was sympathetic, kindly and cordial and the innate refinement of her 
nature was manifest in the tact with which she met even' individual, 
no matter in what station in life. Her death was a great blow to 
many friends as well as to her husband. 

In political affairs Mr. Harris has never been deeply interested 
nor has he held public office. He belongs to Corinthian Lodge, Xo. 
27, A. F. & A. M., of Rossland, British Columbia, but has largely 
concentrated his efforts upon his business interests and is numbered 
among those whose perseverance, faith, courage and industry have at 
length been crowned by substantial reward. His efforts, too, have 
been of a character that have contributed to the development and 
upbuilding of the northwest and in the capable management and 
enterprising, honorable control of his interests he has commanded 
the respect and enjoyed the confidence of all his associates. 


Abercrombie, W. R 117 

Acuff, W. H 219 

Anderson, J. A 215 

Armstrong, J. M 271 

Belt, H. N 249 

Binkley, J. W 225 

Blake, E. B 71 

Campbell, A. B 97 

Cannon, E. J 155 

Clark, James 211 

Coman, E. T 127 

Comstock, J. M 19 

Cowley, M. M 27 

Cunningham, J. G 173 

Danson, E. J 257 

Day, W. T 233 

Dennis, G. B 5 

Dwight, D. H 193 

Flewelling, A. L 123 

Forster, G. M 107 

Gandy, J. E 199 

Glover, J. N 11 

Graiam, James 43 

Hall, Oliver 55 

Hansen, C. T 237 

Happy, Cyrus 65 

Harris, W. J 303 

Havermale, S. G 187 

Hutchinson, E. A 205 

Jamieson, E. H 59 

Jenkins, D. P m 

Jones, A. D 1 37 

Laberee, O. G 85 

Larsen, L. P 51 

Ludden, W. H 103 

Luellwitz, GuBtav 131 

MacLean, Lauchlin 295 

MeCollough, F. T 283 

Martin, H. S 167 

Monaghan, James 31 

Monaghan, J. R 37 

Niekerson, W. J 289 

Paulson, P. A 241 

Perkins, J. A 277 

Preusse, Herman 261 

Roberts, L. S 253 

Spalding, E. P 141 

Tannatt, T. R 161 

Taylor, J. R 229 

Wakefield, W. J. C 149 

White, A. L 77 

Witherop, J. W 91 

Yearsley, W. S 145 

Ziegler, Louis 177 

Zittel, J. A 267 

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