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And The Spokane Country 
pictorial and biographical 

De Luxe Supplement 





J|on (George l^urner 

[MONG Spokane's citizens who have figured in na- 
tional affairs Hon. George Turner is prominent. 
His public service has rested upon the firm basis of 
a wide and thorough knowledge of the law and he 
has never regarded a pubUc office as a personal asset 
to be used for the promotion of individual interests 
but rather as a trust to be sacredly guarded for the benefit of his 
country and Ms constituents. Wliile in the courts he has been an 
important factor in the interpretation of the laws and in congress he 
has aided in formulating the legal principles which constitute the 
stable forces of the nation. It would be difficult to point out that 
period of his life which has been of greatest benefit to his fellowmen, 
for as supreme court justice of Washington during territorial days, 
as a member of the constitutional convention of the state, as a mem- 
ber of the United States senate and in diplomatic service his work 
has all been fruitful of good results. 

Judge Turner was born in Edina, Knox county, Missouri, Feb- 
ruary 25, 18.50, a son of Grenville Davenport and Maria (Taylor) 
Turner. His parents in 1825 had removed from Kentucky to Mis- 
souri and had cast in their lot with the pioneer settlers of the latter 
state, where they maintained their residence until called to their final 
rest. The father, who was a cabinetmaker by trade, came of Enghsh 
and Dutch ancestry, wliile liis wife, a daughter of George and Maria 
Taylor, was representative of a family of Scotch-Irish origin that 
had settled at an early period in the jiart of Virginia which is now 
West Virginia. 

About 1859 Grenville D. Turner removed with Iiis family to 
Lebanon, Laclede county, JNIissouri, and his son, George, then a lad 
of nine years, became a pupil in the pubhc schools, but his education 
was interrupted owing to the fact that the schools were obliged to be 
closed when Missouri became the scene of conflict between contending 
armies in the Civil war. His father and all of his brothers promptly 
espoused the cause of the Union and served with the volunteer sol- 
diers in the northern army. Judge Turner also proved his worth to 
his country in that trying hour for, although but tliirteen years of 
age, he became a military telegraph operator in his home town of 


6 j^on. George burner 

Lebanon, continuing at that work until the end of the war. He was 
in the south during the reconstruction period and passed the examin- 
ation for admission to the bar at Mobile, Alabama, in 1868, although 
but eighteen years of age. The same year he entered upon the active 
practice of law in Mobile in connection with a friend, Charles E. 
Mayer, and displayed such ability in the conduct of cases that in 1874 
the republican party of Alabama named him as its candidate for the 
office of attorney general of the state. Such was his personal popu- 
larity and the confidence reposed in his ability that he polled a very 
large vote, being defeated by only a small majority. Again and 
again at different periods in his life he has been called from private 
practice to public service. From 1876 until 1880 he filled the posi- 
tion of United States marshal for the southern and middle districts 
of Alabama and in the latter year and again in 1884 he was chair- 
man of the Alabama delegation in the republican national convention, 
giving his support in 1880 to General Grant as the presidential nom- 

Judge Turner's identification with Washington dates from 1884, 
in which year he was appointed associate justice of the supreme court 
of this territory. He was assigned to the fourth district, which in- 
cluded the greater part of eastern Wasliington, and had fii-st made 
his home in Yakima but in 1885 removed to Spokane, where he has 
since resided. He proved himself the peer of the ablest members 
Avho have sat upon the supreme court bench of this state, but in 1887 
he resigned his judicial position to enter upon the private practice of 
law as a member of the firm of Turner, Foster & Turner. That asso- 
ciation continued until 1890, when he became senior member of the 
firm of Turner, Graves & McKinstry, so continuing until his election 
to the United States senate in 1897. He is now practicing in the 
firm of Turner & Geraghty, a foremost one in the ranks of the legal 
profession in the state. His opinions while on the bench showed great 
research, industry and care and expressed a solidity and an exhaust- 
iveness from which no members of the bar could take exception. 
While well grounded in the principles of common law when admitted 
to practice, he has continued through the whole of his professional 
life a diligent student of those elementary principles that constitute 
the basis of all legal science. He has been connected with few busi- 
ness interests outside the strict path of his profession, yet was one 
of the men largely interested in the celebrated Le Roi mine in British 

The bent of Judge Turner's active mind has made him take a 
lively pleasure in the study of the science of government and because 

j|on. (george W^uvntt 7 

of tliis his labors have been particularly effective and beneficial in 
public offices to which he has been called. In 1889 he rendered valu- 
able service as chairman of the judiciary committee in the convention 
wliich was called to form the state constitution of Washington and 
left the indehble impress of his individuality upon the organic law of 
the state. In his political relations he acted \vith the republican party 
until 1896, when he supported Wilham Jennings Bryan on the sil- 
ver issue. In the following year he was elected United States sen- 
ator from Washington and in that office served for the full constitu- 
tional term, retiring in 1903. Presidential appointment made him 
a member of the Alaska boundary tribunal, wliich met in London 
in the summer of 1903 and settled the Alaskan boundarj^ dispute 
between the United States and England. In 1910 he received from 
Secretary of State Root the appointment as leading counsel of the 
United States in the northeastern fisheries arbitration at the Hague. 
Upon his retirement from the state department Mr. Root became a 
participant in the case, whereupon JNIr. Turner insisted upon with- 
drawing as leading counsel in favor of JNIr. Root. The case was 
opened for the United States by Mr. Turner, following Sir Robert 
Finley, who opened for Great Britain, each occupying eight days. 

On the 4th of June, 1878, in Montgomery, Alabama, Mr. Turner 
was united in marriage to JNIiss Bertha C. Dreher, a daughter of 
George and Catherine (Scheiss) Dreher, the father a native of Sax- 
onj' and the mother of Switzerland. They came to tliis country at 
an early day and were married in Bridgeport, Connecticut, and later 
removed to Alabama. His social and fraternal relations are with the 
]\Iasons and the Elks, the Spokane Club, the Spokane Athletic Club, 
the Spokane Country Club, and the Metropolitan Club of Wash- 
ington, D. C. Association with liim means expansion and elevation. 
He has throughout his hfe been a close student of men and affairs 
and liis analytical power has brought him clear understanding of 
both. This same power has enabled loim at all times to see below the 
surface of things in his consideration of vital state and national ques- 
tions and to correctly determine the possible outcome of a critical 
situation. The judicial trend of his mind has kept him free from 
personal bias or prejudice in his public acts and his course has at all 
times sustained the honor of state and country \\ithout the sacrifice 
of the rights of other lands. A gracious presence, a charming per- 
sonality and profound legal wisdom all combine to make him one of 
the most distinguished and honored residents of the state of Wash- 

^AJk'X J^-^..SU< 

Eobert CbmuntJ ^trafjorn 

TAKTING out in life with less opportunity or equip- 
ment than the average American boy, but evidently 
possessed of an optimism and determination which 
enabled him to triumph over many adverse situations 
and discouragements, Robert Edmund Strahorn has 
followed the lead of liis opportunities, doing as best 
he could anything that came to hand, and creating and seizing legiti- 
mate advantages as they have arisen. He has never hesitated to take 
a forward step when the way was open. Fortunate in possessing a 
degree of earnestness and frankness that have inspired confidence in 
others, the simple weight of liis character and abihty have carried him 
into important relations with lai'ge interests and he is now the presi- 
dent of several important railway and other corporations with head- 
quarters in Spokane. The North Coast Railroad project especially 
owes its inception and prosecution to him and is constituting a most 
important element in business activity throughout the northwest. 

Mr. Strahorn was born in Center county, Pennsylvania, May 15, 
1852. The family is of Scotch-Irish origin and the ancestry in 
America is traced back to the great-grandfather of our subject, who 
in colonial days came from Scotland to the ncAv world and afterward 
aided in obtaining American liberty in the Revolutionary war. He 
continued a resident of Union county, Pennsylvania, until his death 
and his son, Samuel Strahorn, grandfather of our subject, also made 
his home in that count}'. The father, Thomas F. Strahorn, there born 
and reared, learned the trades of a millwright and macliinist and in 
1856 removed from Center county, Pennsylvania, to Freeport, Illi- 
nois, and nine years later became a resident of Sedalia, Missouri. In 
1878 he crossed the Rockies, following in the footsteps of his son who 
had preceded Wm in 1870, and after residing for a time in Idaho and 
Montana, he became a resident of Los Angeles, California, where 
he passed away in 1883. His wife, who bore the maiden name of 
Rebecca Emmert, was born in Center county, Pennsylvania, and was 
of Dutch lineage, a daughter of John Emmert, who had come to this 
country from Switzerland. The death of Mrs. Strahorn occurred in 


12 jRofacrt Cbmunfa fetrafiorn 

Robert E. Strahorn spent the first four years of liis life in the 
state of his nativity and was then taken by his parents to northern Illi- 
nois, where the period of his youth was passed in village and farm 
life where his work was of the hardest. His educational privileges 
were very hmited, as he attended school only until ten years of age. 
Private reading and study, however, constantly broadened his knowl- 
edge and tlie studious habits of his youth have made him a man of 
wide general information. In the school of experience, too, he 
learned many valuable lessons which have proven of significant worth 
in liis advancement in the business world. In his boyhood days, after 
his life on the farm, he fii-st sold papers on the streets, and then began 
learning the printer's trade in Sedalia, Missouri, following that occu- 
pation for five years. Subsequent to his removal to Denver, Colo- 
rado, in 1870, he was engaged in newspaper work as reporter, editor 
and correspondent until 1877. During the Sioux war of 1875-6 in 
^^'yoming and Montana, he was with General Crook as special cor- 
respondent of the New York Times, Chicago Tribune and Denver 
News, personally participating in the fighting in all of the engage- 
ments with the Indians, the secretary of war commending him for his 
gallantry and helpfulness to the government. Moreover, he wrote 
most interesting accounts of that frontier warfare, which was needed 
in quelling the Indians in their hostile resentment of the incoming 

While pursuing the journahstic profession Mr. Strahorn became 
interested in and to some extent identified with the railway business, 
accompanying as correspondent several surveying parties and also 
performing publicity work for the Denver & Rio Grande, the Colo- 
rado Central and the Union Pacific Railroad Companies. This 
opened up to him the opportmiity of entering into active connection 
with railway interests and he organized and conducted the publicity 
bureaus of the Union Pacific and Kansas Pacific Companies, during 
which period, from 1877 mitil 1884, he resided much of the time in 
Omaha and in Denver. He was also engaged in a confidential capacity 
in work relating to the extension of lines for the Union Pacific, this 
carrjnng him by stage, horseback and on foot into ahnost every comity 
of every state and territory west of the Missom-i ri\'er and brought to 
him his wide knowledge of the conditions and the opportunities of the 
west. His next step in the business Mwld brought him into intimate 
connection Avith town-site, irrigation and power enterprises in Idaho, 
Oregon and Washington and when six years had passed in that way 
he returned to the east, setthng in Boston, :Massachusetts, in 1890. 
Through the succeeding eight years he devoted his attention to the 

jBUilicrt Cbmunb ^traljorn 13 

negotiation of municipal bonds but since 1898 has permanently re- 
sided in Spokane, where he again became actively interested in de- 
velopment projects, liis special hnes of operation being in connection 
with the construction and operation of waterworks, power and elec- 
tric plants and irrigation. Those interests still claim liis attention 
and energies to a considerable extent and have constituted a signifi- 
cant force in the improvement and upbuilding of the districts in 
which he has operated. His enterprise and executive ability in recent 
years have, moreover, brought him into prominence in railway con- 
nections as the promoter and builder of the North Coast Railroad. 
He undertook to prosecute that project in the spring of 1905 with the 
result that in the fall of that year a company was organized and the 
engineering and construction work has since proceeded steadily. The 
system is designed to bring Seattle, Tacoma and Portland on the west 
into direct connection with Walla WaUa and Spokane on the east and 
includes a new short line between Spokane and Walla Walla and 
another between Spokane and Lewiston, Idaho, and, with its 
branches, is to have a total length of seven hmidred and fifty miles. 
Throughout practically the whole existence of the company Mr. Stra- 
horn has been its president and active manager. The value of the 
project is recognized by every business man of this section and its 
worth as a developing factor of Washington can scarcely be overesti- 
mated. In connection with this, Mr. Strahorn has organized the 
Spokane Union Terminal project which wiU center five railways in 
one grand passenger terminal and provide for their concentration 
along one central zone through the heart of the city, with all surface 
or grade crossings eliminated. In working this out he overcame ob- 
stacles which in the aggregate were almost appalUng. 

The North Coast Railroad project has sometimes been called the 
railway romance of our time and our subject, its central figure, the 
"Spliinx" and "Man of JNIystery" because of the very unusual and 
unique manner of its financing and building, involving many mil- 
lions of dollars, without the identity of Mr. Strahorn's financial back- 
ers becoming known. The war made upon him by rival railway in- 
terests and others bent upon unmasldng and defeating him has been 
a sensation of large magnitude in the Pacific northwest, and probably 
more than any other of Mr. Strahorn's midertakings has emphasized 
his fine poise, unfaltering pursuit of an undertaldng once decided 
upon and his undying devotion to any trust imposed in him, as well as 
his modesty in success. Late in the year 1910, when the larger mat- 
ters desired had been accomplished, this ban of secrecy was removed 
and it developed that Mr. Strahorn had been the confidential agent 

j^ jaofecrt Cbmunti ^traiiorn 

of Mr Harriman from the first and the North Coast Raih-oad enter- 
prise was consolidated Awth other Harriman lines in the northwest 
under the name of the Oregon-Wasliington Railroad & Navigation 
Company, and Mr. Strahorn made vice-president of the larger cor- 

In order to appreciate some of the accomplishments of this great 
railroad builder be it stated that several hundred miles of road sur- 
veyed and in part constructed have been paid for, to the extent of sev- 
eral million dollars, by the personal check of Mr. Strahorn. A thou- 
sand miles of surveyed hnes, a hundred miles completed in the Ya- 
kima valley, trains operating on portions of road, are a few of the 
things that have been accomphshed in an incredibly short time and in 
the face of tremendous odds and opposition. There has been built 
one bridge two thousand nine hundred feet long spanning the Co- 
lumbia; another over the Snake will be four thousand and seventy 
feet long and two hmidred and seventy-five feet high, probably the 
highest over any large river in the United States, and this bridge will 
have ten million pounds of steel used in its construction. Mr. Stra- 
horn ^nll erect in the city of Spokane alone one bridge one hundred 
and sixty-five feet liigh and three thousand feet long; another one 
himdred and seventy-five feet high and one thousand feet long, and 
both to be marvelous engineering feats. 

More recently these interests have organized the West Coast Rail- 
way designed to do important construction across the Cascade moun- 
tains, with ]\Ir. Strahorn as president, and also the Yakima Valley 
Transportation Company, which is building important electric rail- 
way lines under his direction. Among his many important personal 
enterprises are the Northwest Light & Water Company, owning wa- 
terpower, electric lighting and waterworks plants in various cities of 
Oregon, Wasliington and Idaho; the Yakima Valley Power Com- 
pany, which has built electric transmission lines one hundred and ten 
miles in length, connecting uj) and furnishing electric power to all 
the cities of the Yakima valley and Pasco; and the Pasco Reclama- 
tion Company, which is irrigating and otherwise developing large 
areas of orchard lands surrounding the city of Pasco. Besides finan- 
cing and being president and manager of these and other companies, 
Mr. Strahorn has found time to engage in many other activities in 
connection with commercial organizations throughout the northwest. 

On the 19th of September, 1877, Mr. Strahorn was married to 
Miss Carrie Adell Green, a daughter of Dr. J. W. Green, of Mar- 
engo, Illinois, whose social graces and literary attainments (the lat- 
ter best evidenced by her authorship of the popular volume "Fifteen 

9^obert Cbmunb ^trafiorn 


thousand miles by stage") are eloquent testimonials to the credit her 
husband so freely accords her for a large measure of his success. 

Mr. Strahorn is a valued member of several social organizations, 
including the Spokane Club, Spokane Athletic Club, the Inland Club 
and the Spokane Country Club, and for several years he has been a 
trustee of the Spokane Chamber of Commerce, cooperating in all of 
its practical plans for the development of the city. His genial nature, 
ever-ready helpfulness and philanthropy have given him a large place 
in the hearts of liis fellow citizens. Mr. Strahorn is a man of well 
balanced capacities and powers, without any of that genius which 
is liable to produce erratic movements resulting in unwarranted risk 
and failure. He is eminently a man of business sense, of well bal- 
anced mind, even temper and conservative habits, and possesses that 
kind of enterprise that leads to great accomplishments and benefits 
others more than himself. 

JWrsi, Carrie ^bell ^trafjorn 

of Robert E. Strahorn, of Spokane, is a native of 
^larengo, McHenry county, Illinois, being the sec- 
ond daughter of Dr. John W. and Louise Babcock 
Green. Her parents were pioneers of northern Illi- 
nois, her father having removed in 1846 from Green- 
field, Ohio, of which place Dr. Green's parents were founders. These 
grandparents of IMrs. Strahorn, on her father's side, were descend- 
ants of prominent patriots of like name of the Revolutionary war. 
Her mother, who died in ^larengo in 1899, was a native of Lavonia 
Center, New York, and was a descendant of Aaron Burr. Dr. John 
W. Green, Mrs. Strahorn's father, who died in Chicago in 1893, 
was for fifty years one of the most noted surgeons of the Mississippi 
valley. He was the first surgeon to administer an anesthetic west 
of Chicago. He served with great distinction during the war of 
the Rebellion, fii'st as regimental surgeon of the Ninety-fifth Illi- 
nois, and later as brigade and finally as di\'ision surgeon with General 
Grant in the Army of the Tennessee. Mrs. Green accompanied her 
husband throughout the famous Red river campaign, sharing every 
danger of field and hospital. 

Carrie Adell Green had the advantage of the public schools of 
]SIarengo, supplemented by a liberal education in the higher branches 
at Ann Arbor. Developing an ardent love for music, she studied to 
good purpose under some of the foremost American and European 
vocal masters, and thus, when wedded to Robert E. Strahorn, at 
Marengo, September 19, 1877, she possessed to an unusual degree the 
graces and refinements and all the wholesome attributes and practical 
helpfulness of the sensibly reared young Avomanhood of those days. 

It is not too much to say that Carrie Adell Strahorn has well main- 
tained the lofty traditions of the sturdy, heroic stock of pioneers, 
patriots and state builders of her ancestry. A superb, home-loving, 
womanly woman always, yet she has had so much to do with the devel- 
opment of the frontier that her public life and accomplishments have 
been the inspiration and pride of many communities in the Rocky 
]\Iountain and Pacific coast states. It has been well said of her that 
she has "mothered the west." 

Immediately after her marriage in 1877 she set out with her hus- 
band on the often dangerous and romantic, and always toilsome 


20 iHrg. Carrie ^bcU ^traftorn 

career (in a field covering nearly half our continent) the brighter 
aspects of which are so vividly portrayed in her famous book "Fifteen 
Thousand I^Iiles by Stage," which was published in 1911 by G. P. 
Putnam's Sons. 

Probably no other woman has so thoroughly experienced every 
phase of far west exploration and genuine pioneering. This, cover- 
ing a period of thirty-four years while the west has been in the mak- 
ing, has gone through all gradations from the wilderness haunts of 
the hostile savage along through the rudest camps of the miner and 
cowboy to zealous, practical participation in colonization, and town 
and city building in many waste places, often far in advance of the 
railways. This work was particularly noticeable and effective from 
1877 to 1880 in Nebraska, Colorado and Wyoming, and from 1880 
to 1890 in Utah, Montana, Idaho and Washington. From 1890 to 
1898, while Mr. Strahorn transferred his activities largely to New 
England, Mrs. Strahorn pursued her musical and literary studies in 
Boston. During this period, however, the Strahorns spent a portion 
of each year in Spokane and vicinity, or elsewhere in the Rocky 
^Mountains. Since 1898, when they located permanently in Spokane, 
Mrs. Strahorn has been everything in the life and growth of the city 
and state that might be expected from one so fully equipped and so 
ardently in love with the Pacific coast country and its institutions. 

Being a frequent contributor to the columns of various eastern 
publications during all these years, she has made the most of many 
opportunities to faithfully portray the leading characteristics of far 
west life and development, never failing to award due praise to the 
heroic work of the pioneers, as well as to enthusiastically strive for 
wider recognition of the merits of western resources and institutions, 
and our climatic, scenic and other attractions. 

The camp or home of the Strahorns has always been a landmark 
of hospitality and a rallying point for the creation and nourishing of 
public spirit and the strenuous promotion of every good cause. Not 
a few of the far west's foremost men in business, professional and 
political life, join her noted husband in gratefully ascribing much of 
their success to JNIrs. Strahorn's untiring encouragement and general 
helpfulness in her home, social and public activities at the period in 
their lives when such help meant everything to them. She has also 
accomplished much in church building and in the founding and sup- 
l)ort of educational and charitable institutions. Notwithstanding the 
success, financially and otherwise, of Mr. Strahorn, and her prom- 
inent place and hearty participation in the social life of Spokane, 
jNIrs. Strahorn has not relaxed in her devotion to these more useful 
and serious things and is still actively engaged in literary pursuits. 

W^cl/ca^-yu ^/-e-^t 

OTiiUiam ^ettet 

)HE life history of William Pettet if written in detail 

T.«i would furnish many a chapter of thriUing interest 
j2* and in the plain statement of facts should serve to 
luJ inspire and encourage others, giving indication of 
what may be accomplished when a high sense of duty 
is coupled with determined purpose, energy and in- 
telligence. He came to Spokane as a pioneer of 1883. He was then 
sixty-five years of age, his birth having occurred in England in Sep- 
tember, 1818. He was born of wealthy parents, pursued his educa- 
tion in the schools of his native land and in 1836, when about eighteen 
years of age, crossed the Atlantic to New York. Two years later he 
removed to the south, settling in jNIobile, Alabama, where in connection 
%vith two practicing physicians he established a drug store. The follow- 
ing year, however, his partners and two other business associates suc- 
cumbed to the yellow fever. He bravely faced this crisis in his affairs 
when it became necessary for him to close out the business and make a 
division of interests in behalf of those deceased, although he had 
scarcely entered upon manhood at that time. In 1841, then twenty- 
three years of age, he established a commission house in New York and 
in 1842 accompanied the Amon Kendall party as far as Galveston, 
Texas. On the 6th of May, 1846, he left Independence, Missouri, 
on the overland trip to San Francisco, whence he made his way to 
Yuba Bueno. When they passed through Kansas they experienced 
considerable trouble with the Indians and at different times had to 
reckon with the hostility of the red men, engaging with them in a se- 
vere fight on the Truckee river in order to recover stock driven away 
by them. When near Truckee lake they were overtaken by a snow 
storm at which time Mr. Pettet joined a party of six and started for 
the Sacramento valley, leaving behind their wagons and about sixty 
people M'ho, refusing to proceed, camped near the lake. Mr. Pettet 
and his companions reached Sutter's Fort in safety, but those who re- 
mained all perished save four and these were insane when they finally 
secured assistance. 

Mr. Pettet remained at Sutter's Fort for the purpose of enlisting 
emigrants as they came in for the war that was then being waged in 

24 JBaattttam Igettet 

southern CaUfornia. With quite a number of enlisted men he went to 
San Francisco ^vhere the troops were fitted out for service on the sloop 
of war Portsmouth. Returning to Yuba Bueno JNIr. Pettet then or- 
ganized tlie firm of ElHs & Pettet for the purpose of dealing with the 
Russians at Sitka, Alaska, and when he had disposed of his business 
interests in that countiy he returned to San Francisco, where he was 
elected to the office of city clerk. He was afterward appointed sheriflf 
and at the close of his term in that position returned to New York. 
In 1851, however, he returned to San Francisco, sending around Cape 
Horn the material for the first iron building erected in that city — a 
structure destroyed by fire a few weeks after its completion. Ill health 
again compelled him to return to New York and while there he became 
interested in mercantile enterprises. In 1868 he went abroad with his 
family and spent five years in Europe, returning to the United States 
in 1873. For some time he was a resident of St. Paul, where he was 
widely known. 

The year 1883 witnessed the arrival of Mr. Pettet in Spokane and, 
believing that the city would enjoy rapid and substantial growih at a 
later day, he made considerable investments in real estate. The fol- 
lowing year, in connection with F. R. JNIoore, now deceased, F. Cham- 
berlin and William Nettleton, he secured the block on wliich the 
county courthouse now stands and at their own expense these gentle- 
men erected a building for the reception of the comity records when 
they were brought from Cheney. In association with Messrs. Moore 
and Chamberlin ]Mr. Pettet also established permanent arc lights for 
the streets. From this partnership developed the present Edison Elec- 
tric Light Company of Spokane. It was this company that purchased 
the lo« er falls of the river and the land on which the big power plant of 
the Washington Water Power Company now stands. He invested 
in considerable business property together with a large amount of 
north side residence property and with the growth of the city and de- 
mand for realty, his holdings grew in value, in time making him one 
of the wealthiest residents of Spokane. 

On the 7th of November, 1850, in ]\Iilford, Worcester county, 
INIassachusetts, IVIr. Pettet was united in marriage to INIiss Caroline 
S. Dean, a daughter of Sylvester and Charlotte (Cutler) Dean, both 
representatives of old and well known JNIassachusetts families. The 
former was a son of Seth Dean, a soldier of the Revolutionary war. 
Sylvester Dean became a merchant of New York, where he long con- 
tinued in business. Unto ]Mr. and Mrs. Pettet were born two chil- 
dren. The son George is now assistant secretary of the Spokane & 
Eastern Trust Company. The daughter, Grace, became the wife of 



I'&rd . IV/cZ/^co/rny ^y^ 


WiiUiam l^ttttt 27 

J. P. M. Richards, president of the Spokane & Eastern Trust Com- 
pany, and unto them were horn five children: Grace, who is the wife 
of the Rev. E. P. Smith, of Boise, Idaho, and who has two cliildren, 
Dorothy and Cornelia; Caroline, the wife of Lieutenant Sherburne 
Whipple, of the United States army now stationed in the Pliilippines 
and by whom she has one son, Sherburne; and John Vanderpool, Jo- 
siah and William Pettet Richards. In the spring of 1889, three 
months before the great fire, ]Mr. Pettet was stricken with typhoid 
fever from which he never fully recovered. The latter years of his life 
^vere largely spent at his home, Glasgow Lodge, on tlie North boule- 
vard, where he had a forty-acre tract of land within the city limits and 
a beautiful residence on the banks of the Spokane river, fitted up in 
English style. His eightieth birthday was celebrated by a garden 
party attended by over two hundred of his friends. It was said of 
him: "Mr. Pettet's benign influence has been very sensibly felt in 
Spokane, to the development of which he has contributed incalculably. 
He has always been a man of great energy and his superb business 
ability and keen foresight made him eminently successful in his various 

In his political views Mr. Pettet was a republican during the early 
days of his residence in this country but in later life became a stanch 
democrat. He attended the Episcopal church until old age compelled 
him to remain away from the house of worship, after which he always 
obsen-ed the Sabbath in services at home. He was a most congenial, 
entertaining man, of kindly nature and greatly enjoyed the com- 
panionship of young people. He died in November, 1904, in London. 
He and his wife three years before had left Spokane for an extended 
tour of the old country and were on their way home when both were 
taken ill in London. jVIrs. Pettet improved but her husband gradu- 
ally failed until the end came. He was then about eighty-six years of 
age. His had been a long, well-spent and honorable life, and it is 
said that no one who met him, even casually, would ever forget his 
frank personality. He was a remarkable and unique character and a 
most valuable citizen. He sought out his own ways of doing good 
but they were effective ways, productive of immediate and substan- 
tial results. He contributed much to the pioneer development of the 
city, giving impetus to its industrial and commercial interests in the 
era which preceded the fire and also in the period that followed the 
great conflagi-ation. His wise judgment and clear insight were often 
used for the benefit of others as well as in the conduct of his own busi- 
ness affairs and he stood as a splendid type of the Anglo-Saxon race 
who finds or makes his opportunity and uses it to the best advantage. 

anbreto laiblatp 

jARIOUS corporate interests claim the attention and 

V^l profit by the cooperation of Andrew Laidlaw, who 
^ is operating extensively in the coal lands of the 
^ northwest, being financially interested in many of 
the leading mines of this section. In developing the 
natural resources of the district, he is also contribut- 
ing to the permanent upbuilding of the country which always has its 
root in business activity. 

He was born upon a farm near Drumbo, Ontario, Canada, March 
2, 1864, and following his father's death, which occurred ten years 
later, accompanied the family on their removal to Wookstock, Ox- 
ford county, Ontario, where he acquired a common and high school 
education. When his text-books were put aside, he turned his at- 
tention to the printing business, learning the trade, and at the age of 
twenty-one, he was business manager and part owner of the leading 
newspaper of Woodstock. He thus early showed forth the elemental 
strength of his character and called into activity the salient energies 
and possibilities of his nature. He remained in Woodstock until 
1892, when he disposed of his interest in the printing business to his 
partner and removed to Gait, Ontario, where he purchased the lead- 
ing newspaper of that town, and soon afterward began the publica- 
tion of the first daily paper in the citj' of Gait. All this time he was 
becoming more and more widely acquainted with the countrj^ and its 
possibilities, and after six years, decided to try his fortune in the west. 
Since 1898 he has resided continuously in Spokane. Prior to his 
arrival he had conducted a brokerage business in Rossland stocks, and 
upon coming to this city, he again entered the brokerage field. Mr. 
Laidlaw, while thus operating, went east and raised capital to the 
amount of about two hundred and fifty thousand dollars in order to 
acquire a number of copper properties in the Boundaiy country near 
Greenwood and Phoenix, British Columbia, and he erected the stand- 
ard prytic smelter at Boundary Falls, British Colimibia, now owned 
by the Dominion Copper Company. While promoting this enter- 
prise, Mr, Laidlaw was in Greenwood for the greater part of a year 
or more. He became interested in coal lands in the Crow's Nest dis- 

32 anbreto HaiblatP 

trict in British Columbia in 1902, and has been actively interested in 
coal lands and coal stocks since that time, liis holdings in British 
Colmnbia and Alberta coal properties now being very large. Among 
the different companies with which he is connected, are the follow- 
ing: Jasper Park Collieries, Limited; Coal Securities, Limited; 
Royal Collieries, Limited; Oyster Harbor Collieries, Limited; Gal- 
braith Coal Company, Limited; Durham Collieries, Limited; Colfax 
Coal & Coke Company; People's Coal Company, Lunited; The Al- 
berta Coal & Coke Company; and Princeton Colheries, Limited. Mr. 
Laidlaw is the secretary and treasm-er of the Imperial Investment 
Company of Spokane, the ownership of which he shares with Mrs. 
Laidlaw, and is the principal owner of the Clay Products Company 
of Spokane. 

In 1889 Andrew Laidlaw was married at Hamilton, Ontario, to 
Miss Clara Laird, and they have two daughters, Ellenore and Phyllis. 
Theirs is a home of culture, furnished with everything that wealth 
can secure, and refined taste suggests. It is said that every man has 
a hobby, and if tliis is so, IMr. Laidlaw's is horses, for he has a great 
admiration for horses and in his stables he has some of the finest 
heavy harness and saddle horses in America. 

Such a record as Mr. Laidlaw has made, needs little comment. 
Without special family or pecuniary advantages at the outset of his 
career, he has made continuous progress, his success being attrib- 
utable largely to the fact that he has thoroughly mastered everything 
that he has undertaken and has thus been equipped for further prog- 
ress. He has never studied any question from but one standpoint, 
and has thus been enabled to base his opinions upon clear understand- 
ing, taking into consideration possibilities as well as existing condi- 
tions. Sound judgment has been the basis of his profitable invest- 
ments, making his name a conspicuous one in mining circles in the 


"^olnep JB» MiUiamson 

JHAT a story of thrilling interest would the life his- 

WKNJiyj tory of Volney D. Williamson be if written in detail, 
m^ for he has been a pioneer in various sections of the 
^ country and has been among the first on the ground 
in many of the famous American mining camps. 
Moreover, he has contributed largely to the devel- 
opment of the mineral resources of the country, has been interested 
in Alaskan expeditions, in railroad building and real-estate opera- 
tions. He was born in Oakland, Oregon, July 27, 1865, and is a son 
of Sol Williamson, for whom Williamson river of Oregon was named. 
His father was a native of Ohio and of English descent. He made 
the long journey across the plains in 1847, taking up a tract of land 
where the city of Portland now stands. He traded this claim for a 
yoke of oxen and in 1848 went to California. The foUowng year, 
however, he returned to Oakland, Oregon, where he settled on a 
large tract of land. He was known throughout the district as the 
father of that part of the country, was consulted by the old pioneers 
concerning their property and investments and by his wise counsel 
and substantial aid assisted many of the new settlers who came to 
establish homes on the frontier. At that time it was necessary to 
haul all goods by team from Portland, Oregon. Mr. Williamson 
was well-to-do and when his old friends crossed the plains he was 
always ready with money and teams to assist them. His neighbors 
were Indians, and an old Indian scout known as Bilh^ slept on his 
hearth for several years. He frequently notified Williamson of the 
approach of Indians who were on a raid and he could then retreat 
about a mile from his house, there remaining in hiding during the 
time the Indians were in the neighborhood. He was a lover of fine 
stock and by a tragic coincidence liis death was caused by a kick in 
the breast by one of his favorite horses, in 1868, when he was forty- 
four years of age. He had contributed largely to the upbuilding, 
settlement and improvement of Oregon and his name is honored as 
one of its pioneer residents. His wife, who bore the maiden name of 
Adehne Reed, was a native of Indiana, her family tracing their an- 
cestry back to the time when as members of the William Penn colony 


36 Vointy I9. TOlitltamgon 

they settled in Pennsylvania. Mrs. Williamson died in 1878. In 
the family were three sons and three daughters, the brothers of Vol- 
ney D. Williamson being W. H., a resident of Idaho, and F, A., of 
Spokane. His sisters were: Sarah J., who is the widow of S. J. Nel- 
son, of this city; and Mary and Estella, who are both deceased. 

Volney D. Williamson pursued his education in the public schools 
and a business college of Portland, Oregon, and on leaving that state 
in 1878 came to Walla Walla, driving a team across the country. In 
1879 he passed through Spokane and the Palouse country and re- 
turned to Sprague, where he was engaged in general merchandising 
until 1883. In the spring of that year he grubstaked a claim in con- 
nection with a Mr. Hohnes and his brother, F. A. Wilhamson, and 
they were the first in the Coeur d'Alenes, except a man of the name 
of Pritchard, who staked the "Widow" claim, while they had the 
adjoining property, called the "Last Chance." In the fall of 1883 
Mr. Williamson made a trip to the Coeur d'Alenes by way of Herron's 
Siding and came out the same fall, although he returned the follow- 
ing year. From Murray, Idaho, he went to Canyon Creek, where 
he assisted in lajang out the town of Burke. He was afterward in 
Wallace and operated in the Kootenai Lake and Slocan country and 
was interested in the purchase and sale of the War Eagle, for Avhich 
seven hundred thousand dollars was paid, the Center Star, which 
brought two million dollars, and the Crown Point, which sold for 
two hundred and fifty thousand dollars. He was also interested in 
the Spokane and several other large mining properties, all of which 
are noAv being successfully worked. He next operated in Republic 
and was interested in the purchase and sale of the Repubhc mines, 
and San Poil, Black Tail and several others, all of which are now 
being worked and are turning out rich ore. 

During all this time Mr. Williamson made his headquarters in 
Spokane. He traveled, however, for five years and made a trip 
around the world. During the '90s he made his headquarters in Xew 
York for eight years. He turned his attention to the mineral re- 
sources of Mexico, where he operated in connection with Victor M. 
Clement, and he was also interested to a small extent in South Afri- 
can properties while Mr. Clement was in that district. He became 
interested to a small degree in Coolgardie, Austraha. He also owned 
the Treasure Box in Coeur d'Alene, from which in hand mortars and 
arrastres they took out from two hundred to four thousand dollars 
per day, securing seventy-seven thousand dollars in two months. 
Mr. Williamson was also, while working the old Santa Rosa mine 
in Mexico, the discoverer of the first turquoise mine of that countrj'. 

10olntp 3B. WiiViiamion 37 

In 1908 Mr. Williamson returned to Spokane. He was con- 
nected during the early stages of its building with the Oregon Trunk 
Railway but eventually sold out to J. J. Hill. He has been a prop- 
erty owner in Spokane since 1886 and has always called this city 
his home. He owns mining interests in Mexico Avith the English 
Exploration Company of London and still retains small interests in 
the Coeur d'Alenes. He was interested in an expedition into Alaska 
during the early period of the excitement there and was connected 
with the early operations of the Crow's Nest Coal Company in Brit- 
isli Columbia, of which he is still a stockholder. He has large invest- 
ments in land in Oregon and is interested in several towns of that 
state, including Madras, Redmond, Metolius and Lakeview. He is 
now president of the Inland Empire Company; president of the 
Williamson Investment Company, a corporation; president of the 
State Bank of INIetolius, Oregon; president of the Santa Rosa de 
Mazipil Mining Company, the Santa Rosa Development Company 
and was vice president of the International Metals Company of 
Mexico but recently resigned. 

IVIr. Williamson was united in marriage to Miss ISIabel C. Cotter, 
of Denver, Colorado, in 190.), a daughter of J. Lambert Cotter. 
Mr. WiUiamson holds membersliip in the Episcopal church and is 
connected with several fraternities and leading clubs. He is a life 
member of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and of the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows. He belongs to the Spokane Club, 
the Spokane Country Club, the Engineers Club of New York and 
was one of the committee which secured half a million dollars from 
Andrew Carnegie for the purpose of building the Engineers Club. 
He is likewise a member of the Arlington Club of Portland and of 
the Coeur d'Alene Boat Club. 

Few men could speak so largely from practical experience of the 
west and its history, especially in connection with its mining interests. 
Mr. Wilhamson has made an excellent record in his business career, 
accomphshing what he has undertaken, liis sound judgment preclud- 
ing the possibility of many false moves. He is today one of Spo- 
kane's wealthiest citizens and is honored and respected by all who 
are familiar with his life work. 

If' l4,.-.jtZ 

OTiUiam ||untlep 

ILLIAM HUNTLEY, vice president of the Ex- 

W.J change National Bank, is recognized in business cir- 
J) cles as a man of keen discernment and of marked 
VW sagacity, as is evidenced in the judicious investments 
which he has made and which have returned to him 
the gratifying rewards of industry, sound judgment 
and capable management. Various business projects have profited 
by his cooperation and his ability to control important and intricate 
interests, and he is today one of the prominent representatives of 
financial affairs in Spokane. He has displayed both originality and 
initiative in the handling of his business interests, which he has re- 
cently incorporated under the name of the Huntley Investment Com- 
pany, in which equal shares are held by his wife, their ten children 
and himself. 

Mr. Huntley was born in Pike county, Illinois, September 19, 
1858, a son of Alonzo and Pauhna (Smith) Huntley. The latter 
is still Uving but the father died in 1899. The son enjoyed but lim- 
ited educational opportunities, for when only nine years of age he 
took his place as a regular hand in the fields. At ten years of age he 
was herding cattle and he remained upon the home faiin until he had 
completed his first two decades of life. The last ten years of that 
period were spent in Missouri, to which state his parents had removed 
about 1868. At length he started out in life on his own account and 
took up the occupation to which he was reared, following farming 
in IMissouri until the spring of 1884, when he removed west to the 
Palouse country, settling near Endicott, Washington. There he 
homesteaded one hundred and sixty acres of land and used all his 
rights. He next engaged in the live-stock business, in which he con- 
tinued until about 1909. As he prospered he also extended his ef- 
forts in other directions, became interested in a bank at Colfax, es- 
tablished the bank at Endicott and became owner of a store at St. 
John and another at Colfax, both of which he still owns in addition 
to six thousand acres of valuable land in the Palouse country. He has 
operated even more largely along business lines in Spokane. He was 
connected with the establishment of the Powell-Sanders Company of 

42 aaaitltam j^untlep 

this city, of which he is still a director, and when the capital stock of 
the Exchange National Bank was raised from two hundred and 
fifty to seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars he bought in, be- 
came a director and has served as vice president of the bank during 
the past four years. The capital stock of the Exchange National 
Bank was later raised to one million dollars, and iVIr. Huntley is now 
the largest stockholder in this institution. He is president of the 
^Mechanics Loan & Trust Company; president of the Farmers & 
JNIechanics Bank of this city; secretary of the Inland Brewery Com- 
pany; secretaiy of the Boise Brewerj' Company; and a director and 
stockliolder of the American Building Company. He also has ex- 
tensive interests in other institutions and business enterprises of Spo- 
kane and his cooperation is a prized factor in the management and 
support of business projects. 

On the 4th of January, 1883, when in Missouri, Mr. Huntley was 
miited in marriage to ]\Iiss Emma Langford, of Audrain county, 
that state. Twelve children have been born unto them, of whom 
ten are li\-ing. The married daughter, Grace Lorean, became the 
wife of Ira Hunt in 1907 and lives with her husband at No. 1604 
Fourth avenue. The other children are: Jesse Blain, a trustee of 
the Huntley Investment Company; ISIabel Frances; Carl Raymond, 
aged nineteen; Lawrence Piatt, a youth of seventeen; Eunice Leta, 
who is fourteen years old; Elva Dean, aged thirteen; Emma Lilly, 
who is ten years of age; and Ralph William and Clarke Valentine, 
who are eight and six years of age respectively. It is said that when 
Mr. and INIrs. Huntley were married her parents were reluctant to 
give their consent because of the meager financial resources of the 
prospective husband, whose sole possessions consisted of a team of 
mules. This opposition was overcome, however, and two years after 
their marriage the young couple started for the Palouse country and, 
as prcAnously stated, preempted a claim four miles west of Endicott. 
Subsequently they occupied a home about a mile from that to\Mi for 
fifteen years or until they came to Spokane in 1902. In the mean- 
time ]Mr. Huntley had given ample demonstration of liis worth and 
resourcefulness in business and in July, 1910, he organized the Hunt- 
ley Investment Company, of which he is a trustee, a unique corpora- 
tion providing against the division, distribution or dissolution of the 
Huntley estate and retaining Mr. Huntley as manager for twenty 
years. Arrangements were made for the distribution of the income 
among the husband, wife and ten children, each receiving equal 
shares save that the special provision has been made that I\Irs. Hunt- 
lev's income shall never be less than three hundred dollars a month 

?BatlIiain ^untlcp 43 

for herself and one thousand dollars a year for each of her seven 
minor children. The company was incorporated for one million, two 
hundred thousand dollars, the incorporators being William Huntley, 
Emma V. Hmitley, Jesse B. Huntley, the eldest son, and Edwin T. 
Coman, president of the Exchange National Bank. Its trustees for 
the first six months were William Huntley, Jesse B. Huntley and 
Edwin T. Coman. The incorporation is for a period of fifty years and 
its objects and purposes are, generally, to buy, sell, encumber and 
otherwise deal in real and personal property, lands, mines, mill sites, 
town sites, irrigation ditches, stocks, bonds and negotiable jsaper. The 
stockholders are empowered to increase the number of trustees from 
time to time, this provision enabling them to make places on the board 
for such of the children as may develop sufficient interest and ability to 
justify the appointment as they grow to maturity. Mr. Huntley tak- 
ing this method of stimulating the interest of his sons that they may 
eventually assume the management of the estate for themselves and 
their sisters. At the end of the twenty-year period in which Mr. Hunt- 
ley is to sene as manager, the JNIechanics Loan & Trust Company, of 
which he is president, is directed to assign and deliver to each living 
child or to direct descendants of such as are not living, their respective 
interests in the one million dollars of trusteed stock. One feature of 
Mr. Huntley's business that has ever awakened surprise and admira- 
tion among his associates and colleagues is his remarkably retentive 
memory. He has never kept an ordinary system of bookkeeping and 
but few memorandums, relying entirely upon his memory not only for 
the principal features of his business but also for the details connected 
with every transaction. He seems to have almost intuitive perception 
as to the value of a business situation or the opportunity for invest- 

In his political views Mr. Huntley is a republican and during his 
residence in Whitman county served as county commissioner. He be- 
longs to the Masonic lodge and also holds membership with the Elks 
and the Spokane Club. His is one of the life records which make the 
history of the western country read almost like a romance. There 
have seemed to be no setbacks in his career, his path on the contrary 
being marked by continuous progress, bringing him at last to rank with 
the millionaire residents of Spokane and the Inland Empire. 

2 CA^Vi^ Cy- 


Jl^on. Heanber J^amilton ^P^atfjer 

I^^^^UH^S AN able attorney, as judge of the superior court 
^2 A Si^ ^"^ ^^ ^"^ °^ *'^^ prominent representatives of the 
people's party Hon. Leander Hamilton Prather has 
become widely known in Spokane and throughout 
the Inland Empire. He is now devoting his atten- 
tion to the private practice of law and the careful 
regard evinced for the interests of his clients and an assiduous and 
unrelaxing attention to all the details of liis cases have brought him 
a large business and made him very successful in its conduct. Early 
environment and inherited tendency may have had something to do 
with his selection of a hfe work, but in his native talent and acquired 
ability are found the secret of liis continuous advancement at the bar. 
He was born in Jennings county, Indiana, October 25, 1843, his 
parents being Hiram and INIary (Huckleberry) Prather. His father 
was an attorney at law, who also had agricultural interests and was 
prominent as a political leader in his state, representing his district 
in both the house and senate of the Indiana legislature. 

Leander H. Prather's interest in the law and its interpretation 
was early aroused and with the completion of liis literary course he 
at once directed his energies to the mastery of legal principles. He 
had been a pupil in the public schools of liis home town and in the 
Vernon (Ind.) Academy, which he entered with the intention of 
further continuing his studies at Asbury University in Greencastle, 
Indiana. With the outbreak of the Civil war, however, all further 
thought of school days was put aside and on the eighteenth anniver- 
sary of his birth he enlisted as a private of Company I, Sixth Indiana 
Infantry. He was afterward promoted to the rank of first sergeant 
of Company B, One Hundred and Thirty-seventh Indiana In- 
fantry, and subsequently became second lieutenant of Company I, 
One Hundred and Fortieth Indiana. He was next detailed as chief 
of ambulances of the Third Division of the Twenty-third Army 
Corps and when mustered out, July 11, 1865, was acting assistant 
quartermaster on the staff of General Carter. 

When the war was over Judge Prather at once resumed his stud- 
ies, entering Asbury University, where he completed a three years' 

48 j|on. Hean&er j^amilton ^ratter 

classical course. His preparation for the bar was made in the office 
of liis brother, Colonel Allen W. Prather, of Columbus, Indiana, 
and in May, 1868, he was admitted to the bar at Columbus, where he 
engaged in practice for a year. He was afterward located for a 
brief period in Fort Scott, Kansas, and in 1871 opened a law office 
in Huntsville, Ai'kansas, where he followed liis profession until 1879 
and also acted as superintendent of schools for that district, wliich 
then embraced six counties. During a period of three years he re- 
sided in Abilene, Kansas, and then removed to Leadville, Colorado, 
where he spent the succeeding two years in the practice of law. In 
February, 1884, he came to Spokane and was superintendent of 
schools during the first two years of his identification -with this city. 
He was also appointed during that period as a member of the terri- 
torial board of education by Governor Squires and acted in that 
capacity for two terms. 

On again taking up the active practice of law Judge Prather 
soon demonstrated his abihty to successfully cope with the complex 
and involved legal questions and enjoj^ed a large practice until his 
election to the bench as judge of the superior court, entering upon 
the office on the 1st of January, 1897. He was elected as the candi- 
date of the peojile's party, of which he has been an ardent and influen- 
tial champion for many years. In 1901, when a tliird judgeship was 
created, he was appointed by Governor John R. Rogers to fill that 
position until the regular election should be held and on this occasion 
he received the following letter from the Governor with the appoint- 
ment : 

January 29, 1901. 

Hon. L. H. Prather, Spokane, Washington. 

My Dear Judge: It gives me pleasure to enclose to you the 
within appointment. 

I am glad to be able to appoint a man in whom I have entire con- 

Yours very triUy, 

J. R. Rogers, 


January 29, 1901. 

Hon. L. H. Prather, Spokane, Washington. 

My Dear Sir: You are hereby appointed a Judge of the Supe- 
rior Court of the State of WasWngton, for Spokane County, until the 
next general election to be held in the State of Washington in the 

l»on. Ucanber j^amtlton ^rartjcr 49 

year nineteen hundred and two, and until your successor is elected 
and qualified. 

This appointment is made under the provisions of an Act ap- 
proved January 28, 1901. 

Enclosed please find oath of office which execute and file in the 
office of the Secretary of State. 

Yours very truly, 

J. R. Rogers, 


He has great respect for the dignity of judicial place and power 
and no man ever presided in a court with higher regard for his envi- 
ronment than did Judge Prather. As a result of that personal char- 
acteristic the proceedings were always orderly upon the part of 
everyone— audience, bar and the officers from the highest to the 
lowest. His opinions were fine specimens of judicial thought, always 
clear, logical and as brief as the character of the case permitted. 
Since his retirement from the bench Judge Prather is giving his 
attention wholly to the practice of law and his varied legal learning 
and wide experience in the courts, together with the patient care 
with which he ascertains all the facts bearing upon every case, are 
among the salient features of his success, giving him high standing 
as a representative of the legal profession. 

In August, 1889, Judge Prather took up the cause of about five 
hundred families, who had settled in a part of Spokane called 
"Shanty-town" and excerpts of the following letter, which he pre- 
pared for publication in the Chronicle and which on further thought, 
he omitted to send to that paper, will explain the facts and some- 
thing of which he undertook to do, to save the property of the five 
hundred or more families who had located on this land. This case 
is known as the "Shanty-town Case." 

"The grant of land to the Northern Pacific Railway Company 
was of odd sections of land on both sides of its track, and was to 
take effect at the time of the final and definite location of the road, 
which was on the 4th day of October, 1880, so far as the said land 
was concerned. All lands then claimed bj^ a competent entryman, 
which claim could ripen into a patent, were excluded from the opera- 
tion of said grant. On that date and for many years prior thereto, 
Indian Enoch was located on said land, being the NW one quarter of 
Section 19, Tp. 25, N. of Range 43, EWM, and during all said time 
was entitled to homestead, said land under the Indian Homestead 
law, which was enacted in 1875 and in 1879 went to the U. S. Land 

50 j|on. Heanber j|amiIton l^vati)tv 

office at Colfax, Washington, to make his homestead entry of the 
same, but was refused the right because the land officers there said 
that said land was railroad land. He then came back and continued 
to reside on said land and refused to leave it until the said railroad 
company, in 1882, pretended to buy his land for the sum of $2,000, 
when Indian Enoch gave the company a deed for the land and moved 
off and abandoned. It will be seen that said Indian was living on 
said land on the ^Ith day of October, 1880, claiming it as his home- 
stead, having a homestead right, the same as any other squatter on 
government land having a right to enter the same; and it also ap- 
pears and is made plain that liis said occupancy and claim of said 
land excluded it from the operation of said grant, and that when the 
Indian abandoned it, it was still government land, and remained 
such, the railroad company having no more right to buy it of the 
Indian than you or I would have to buj'^ government land from an 
Indian. In fact, the pretended purchase of said land from said 
Indian by said company was a confession that it was not railroad 

"Knowing these facts many families moved onto said land, be- 
liev-ing it to be government land, subject to entry by them under the 
Townsite act. In August, 1889, there were about three or four hun- 
dred famihes, or about fifteen hundred people settled on said land, 
claiming the same under said act, and I was employed as their attor- 
ney to petition the Secretary of the Interior to be allowed to enter 
said land under said act, which allowed two lots to each competent 
entryman, and I then so f)etitioned the Secretary, setting up all of 
said facts, and asked that these people be allowed to enter said land 
under said act. The petition was before the Secretary, due service 
thereof having been made on said company, until INIarch, 1890, when 
the Secretary held and so notified the said company and the said 
settlers, that according to the facts stated in said petition the said 
settlers were entitled to enter said land under said act, and ordered a 
hearing as to said facts before the local land office in Spokane at a 
time to be fixed by said office. This decision made all said settlers 
happy, and they thought that they were about to become benefici- 
aries of the government's liberal benevolent disposition of its lands 
as well as the Northern Pacific Railway Company. Their wives 
and children were glad, and I was glad, too. We all had a great 
meeting congratulating each other on the good fortune in store for 

"But the railway company moved the Secretary of the Interior 
for a review of his decision and the hearing was set for the 20th day 

j|on. Xeantier j^amilton ^rattier 51 

of April, 1890, before the Honorable Secretary of the Interior at 
Washington, D. C. It became my duty to go to Washington to 
argue said motion for review, and the settlers raised the sum of $200 
to pay my expenses on said trip. I went. When I appeared before 
the Secretary on said occasion, there I met our two United States 
Senators, Watson C. Squires and John B. Allen, and our member 
of Congress, John L. Wilson, and a committee of five bankers from 
the city of Spokane, all of whom were advising with and assisting 
J. H. INIitchell, Jr., son of Senator Mitchell of Oregon, who was 
then attorney for the western division of said road and James Mc- 
Naught, the attorney general of said road. I was depending on the 
law of the case, which only could rightly and legally be argued on a 
motion for review, but there I found ex parte affidavits from divers 
persons to me unknown to the effect that the Indian had never aban- 
doned his tribal relations, which was a question of fact, not to be 
heard on a motion for review, but before the local land office only, 
the same as any other question of fact alleged in the petition. I was 
confident in believing that, in as much as the facts alleged in the peti- 
tion with no other influence had induced the original decision. There 
was no additional argument in the presence of the senators, the rep- 
resentative and the bankers, and I came back to those settlers with 
that belief. Within a month after said hearing the Honorable Sec- 
retary of the Interior, Mr. John X. Noble, rendered his decision to 
the effect that Indian Enoch had not at any time abandoned his 
tribal relations and hence was not a competent entryman, and there- 
fore the land passed by the grant to the Northern Pacific Railroad 
Company, and the settlers were moved off under the state restitution 
act which was passed by the legislature of the state in March, 1890. 

"This case is entitled 'E. R. Spicer and others vs. The Northern 
Pacific Railway Company,' and the papers and all the public pro- 
ceedings in it are on file in the office of the Secretary of the Interior. 

"Now, I have told all I know about the case, and I know fot 
myself that it received my best attention, and that I did everything 
I possibly could do to get for said settlers the right to enter said 
land; and that I did nothing to the contrary. Contemporaneous dis- 
cussions of the case may be found in the daily papers of the dates 
referred to. The land in question lies south of Sprague avenue and 
west of Division street in the city of Spokane. 


"L. H. Prathee." 

52 ^on. Heanber j|amitton ^ratljer 

On the 6th of JMay, 1879, at Little Rock, Arkansas, Judge Pra- 
ther was married to ]\liss Edna Letcher Rice, a daughter of Judge 
JNIilton L. and Catherine (Cronly) Rice, of that city, and a direct 
descendant of the famous Letcher family of Virginia and Kentucky, 
wliich included Robert Letcher, at one time governor of Kentucky 
and afterward minister to iNIexico. Judge and JNIrs. Prather have 
become parents of tlu-ee daughters and two sons: Rose, now the 
wife of Adrian P. Judson, of Tacoma, Washington; Edna, the wfe 
of H. C. Strahorn, of Hayden Lake, Idaho; Mary, who is a teacher 
in the public schools of Spokane; Lee, Avho has charge of the office 
of the Federal Mining Company at Wallace, Idaho ; and Rice, who 
died in January, 1911, at the age of nineteen years. 

Judge Prather is a member of Sedgwick post, G. A. R., of which 
he served as conmiander, and through tliis connection he maintains 
pleasant associations wth liis old army comrades. He also belongs 
to Imperial Lodge, No. 134, I. O. O. F., and he holds membership 
in the First Methodist church and the Spokane Pioneer Society. His 
activities have had their root in high and honorable principles. He 
has been identified with this city since the days of its villagehood and 
has done important service in liis support of progressive educational 
methods and in upholding the legal and moral status. 

(H^. ?7^1ju 

pob JHatjrp 

jlXING and the lumber industry constituted for many 
years the chief sources of revenue for the northwest 
and the rich mineral resources of this section of the 
country still offer splendid inducements to the 
men whose judg-ment is keen enough and whose in- 
dustry is persistent enough to seek success in that 
field. Bob jNIabry is well known in this connection as the head of 
the firm of Bob Mabry & Company, operating in various mining 
districts. He was born in Jefferson, Texas, August 7, 1867, and 
is a son of H. P. and S. A. (Haywood) Mabry, of that place. The 
father was a distinguished lawyer of Texas, one whose record was 
a credit and honor to the bar of the Lone Star state. He was born 
in Georgia in 1824. The progenitors of the IVIabry family in the 
United States came from England about 1700, first settUng in 
Georgia and Virginia. During the war of the Revolution many of 
the family took active part on the side of freedom. H. P. Mabry 
removed from Georgia to Texas when young. During the Civil war 
he enlisted as captain and was afterward commissioned brevet briga- 
dier general of the Third Cavalry of Texas, where he served with 
distinction in the Confederate army throughout the war. He after- 
ward served as district judge of Texas and was a member of the 
legislature and also of the state senate. He died in March, 1884. 
General Mabry was married in Jefferson, Texas, to Miss S. A. 
Haywood, who was a direct descendant of the Haywoods of Ten- 
nessee. Mrs. Mabry was born in that state in 1838 and went to Jef- 
ferson, Texas, when young. She is now living in Spokane with 
her son. Bob Mabry. Seven children were born of this union but 
only two are now living. H. Mabry is associated with liis brother 
Bob in the mining business. Another brotlier. W. H. Mabry, now 
deceased, was at one time adjutant general of Texas. He was also 
colonel of the First Texas Regiment during the Spanish-American 
war and died in Havana, Cuba, during the war with Spain. 

Bob Mabry supplemented his early education by a course in 
the Agricultural and Mechanical College at Bryan, Texas, from 
which he was graduated in 1889. Soon after the completion of his 
studies he accepted a position as traveling representative for a large 


56 jiofa i&iahrf 

chemical house, with which he remained for a number of years, 
travehng all over the United States in the interest of that business. 
His extensive travels brought him knowledge of various parts of the 
country and, believing that the northwest had the most promising 
future, he determined to locate permanently on the Pacific coast. 
Accordingly, leaving the road, he spent a short time in California 
and then came to Spokane in 1902. Here he engaged in the mining 
and promoting business and among some of the best known and 
most successful properties which he has handled are those located in 
the Republic Camp of Repubhc, Washington, the Slogan country 
of British Columbia and Eureka Camp, Nevada. Judicious and 
prudent investment has been the source of his advancement in busi- 
ness, winning for him a prominent position in industrial and finan- 
cial circles. During Mr. Mabry's experience in mining proposi- 
tions and business, he has found that the majority of mine failures 
have not been due to lack of paying ore but to insufficient capital 
and poor management, and he has demonstrated that mining can be 
conducted on a legitimate business basis and be made to return ex- 
cellent results. By his system of first securing capital and never 
over-estimating the value of a property he has been successful from 
the start. However, the first year was a hard struggle, but he gained 
confidence of the men with whom he became associated in the many 
mining projects which he promoted without a failure, and all such 
mines have paid satisfactory dividends to the investors. 

On the 21st of jNIay, 1898, Mr. IMabry was married to JNIiss 
Katherine Hope, a daughter of Colonel W. B. and Katherine 
Hope, of Knoxville, Tennessee. Her father held a commission as 
colonel in the Civil war. Mr. and Mrs. Mabry have one daughter, 
Hope Mabry. The mother is a prominent member of the Cultus 
Club and INIr. Mabry is equally well known and popular in 
the Spokane Club, the Spokane Amateur Athletic, the Spokane 
Country, the Inland and the Rotary Clubs. He also belongs 
to the Oriental Lodge, No. 74, F. & A. M., having attained the 
thirty-second degree, and El Katif Temple of the Mystic Shrine 
and to Spokane Lodge, No. 228, B. P. O. E. He is a man of 
marked personality and has the genial qualities which make him a 
favorite with all. He is ever approachable yet possesses that meas- 
ure of dignity which prevents familiarity. Business has never held 
out to him elusive promises, for his sound judgment leads him to 
place correct valuation upon opportunities for investment and his 
powers of organization have enabled him to so coordinate and direct 
interests as to bring forth a harmonious whole, productive of desired 

//]'.J ■ //^/ J^r/a /v / '//\r_ /r /'/. f{j < 

^ ^.(f' 

leonarb ^. OTaterfiousie, iH. B. 

^^X THE list of Spokane's physicians there probably 

Owjl appears the name of no other who has been so long 
Y^ an active representative of the medical profession in 
]? ( this state as Dr. Leonard P. Waterhouse, a pioneer 
^^ of 1877. He was born in Syracuse, New York, in 
1832, and after passing his first decade in that city 
accomjjanied his parents to Indiana, where he remained for more than 
a third of a century or until 1876. He supplemented his public school 
education by study in the La Grange Collegiate Institute, from which 
he was graduated when seventeen years of age. Subsequentlj' he 
studied medicine for two years and then pursued a course in the 
University of Michigan. After teaching school for a time with a view 
to securing mone\' with which to complete his medical educa- 
tion, he went to Cincinnati and there won his professional de- 
gree in 1855. He located for practice in Indiana, where he 
remained for a number of years, and then crossed the plains 
to the northwest with Oregon as his destination. For nearly three 
years he engaged in practice in that state and in 1877 arrived in 
Spokane, then a small \'illage containing less than two hundred in- 
habitants. He subsequently took up land on Deep creek near the 
falls and in 1884 removed to Deep Creek Falls, where he not only en- 
gaged actively in practice but also conducted a drug store. About 
1906 he became a resident of Reardan but after a brief period estab- 
lished liis home in Spokane, where he has since been located. He is 
one of the earliest of the pioneer physicians in this county and one of 
its best known and most highly esteemed citizens. Throughout all 
the years he has kept in close touch with the scientific truths which 
medical research and investigation are bringing to light and he aided 
in organizing the first medical societj' in the county. 

In Michigan in 1855 Dr. Waterhouse was united in marriage to 
INIiss Margaret John and unto them were bom a daughter and two 
sons: Amarilla, who was for three terms teacher of Spokane's first 
school and is now the wife of L. K. Boissonnault, customs collector at 
Everett, Washington; Frank Leslie, deceased; and Charles Leonard, 

60 leonarb $. TOaterf)ouge, jil. B. 

In his fraternal relations Dr. Waterhouse is connected with both 
the Masons and the Odd Fellows. His pohtical allegiance has always 
been given to the democratic party and he was the first coroner ever 
elected in the county, his faithful ser^ace being indicated by the fact 
that he was reelected for a second term. He belongs to that class of 
representative men who brought to the west the learning and culture 
of the older east and intelligently met the conditions that were here 
found, utilizing them to the best advantage not only in the attainment 
of individual success but also in the upbuilding of the great western 
empire, Avhieh within the space of a few years was placed upon a par 
with the east. 





Buncan f . JUac^iUibrap 

She term a "self-made" man is perhaps trite but is also 

T/ii expressive and in its best sense it finds exemplifica- 
(7^ tion in the life of Dimcan J. MacGillivray, who, 
\2 I starting out in life with only the asset of a common- 
school education, has won for himself a creditable 
name and place in business circles, now operating 
largely in real estate in the northwest with offices in Spokane. He 
was born in Ontario, Canada, February 5, 1866, and is a son of Dun- 
can A. and Mary ( JNIacLellan ) INIacGillivray. The father was born 
in Canada, representing an old Scotch family, whose genealogy is 
traced back to 12.51. They were one of the leading clans of Scotland 
and won fame on the battlefield of Culloden. In many other con- 
nections the name figures prominently as representatives of the fam- 
ily took active part in defending the interests of the country or in 
upholding the name and honor of the clan. Duncan A. MacGilli- 
vray became a pioneer farmer and lumberman of Canada, being ac- 
tively connected with the lumber business on the Ottawa river for a 
number of years. He also held different offices and positions of pub- 
lic trust in Canada. He died in 1902. His wife, who was born in 
Ontario, died in 1892. She represented one of the early families of 
Canada of Scotch lineage. Mr. and Mrs. Duncan A. MacGillivray 
were parents of four sons and three daughters. Andrew, residing at 
Ottawa, Canada. Dan, who is engaged in the lumber business in 
Wisconsin. Duncan J., and Kenneth who was drowned in the Otr 
tawa river in 1888. The daughters, Christy Ann and Mary died in 
childhood. Adehne, now Mrs. Maclntyre, resides in Montreal, 

Mr. MacGilhvray's connection with the northwest dates from 
the fall of 1897, when he arrived in Le^iston, Idaho. The following 
year he embarked in business there as a dealer in furniture and house 
furnishings. He began with a small store and stock, but such was 
his energy and capable management that when he sold out in 1909 
he was the foremost representative of this line of trade in that state. 
He had improved and enlarged his establishment until it was the best 
furniture store in Idaho and his success was kno^vn throughout the 
northwest. While he won success in his commercial undertaking he 

64 Buncan J. iMac(?ltCibrap 

also found time and opportunity to cooperate in movements for the 
general good, taking an active part in the upbuilding of the com- 
munity, ser\'ing for eight years as a director of the Chamber of Com- 
merce and as its president during the last year of his residence there. 
He also served as a director of the fair association for six years and 
then as president for one year, taking part in all of the projects for 
its development, giving largely of his time, energy and money in 
promoting the interests of the community. 

In the spring of 1910 Mr. MacGiUivray came to Spokane, where 
he has since engaged in the real-estate business, bujnng and selhng 
property for himself and others. He is connected and represents, in 
the northwest, several of the largest Canadian companies, who are 
promoting and developing the unhmited resources of western Can- 
ada, especially British Columbia. He believes and is enthusiastic 
about the future of the Inland Empire and since coming to this city, 
has invested heavily in Spokane real estate. He is thoroughly ac- 
quainted with real-estate values in the northwest and the outlook of 
the real-estate market, and the spirit of progi'cssiveness which he 
brings to his business is contributing not onlj^ to his individual suc- 
cess but also to the development of this section of the country. 

On the 26th of December, 1900, at Spokane, JNIr. JNIacGillivray 
was married to INIiss SchaefFer, who was a daughter of an Iowa mer- 
chant, now deceased, and is a descendant of Captain Wadsworth's 
family. They have become parents of three children, Marion, Dun- 
can John, Jr., and Jolui Duncan, the eldest being nine years of age. 
The family attend the Presbyterian cliurch and ]\Ir. MacGilhvray is 
identified with various fraternal organizations, being now a chapter 
Mason (his nienibersliip in lodge and cliapter being in Wisconsin), 
and a Knight Templar of Lewiston Commandery. He is also con- 
nected with the Elks lodge and belongs Hkewise to the Woodmen of 
the World. In poUtics he is connected with the progressive wing of 
the Republican party but has declined all political advancement, pre- 
ferring that his public sendee shall be done as a private citizen and 
in cooperation with the Chamber of Commerce. He stands today a 
strong man — strong in liis honor and his good name, strong in his 
ability to plan and perform, and is regarded as one of the influential 
residents of Spokane. 


Jlon, aHiUiam €, CuUen 

|N THE history of the northwest no name is regarded 
with greater honor and prominence than that of 
William E. CuUen, who remained for a number of 
years as a leading representative of mining law in 
this section of the country. He was also well versed 
on railroad and other branches of corporation law, 
liis opinions coming to be regarded as authority upon questions rela- 
tive to those branches of jurisprudence. He rose to a position of dis- 
tinction because he wisely, faithfully and conscientiously utilized the 
powers Avith which nature endowed him, and among those who have 
left their impress upon the legal history of the northwest none have 
been more faultless in honor, fearless in conduct or stainless in repu- 
tation. He resided in Spokane for only a comparatively brief period 
but was a resident of tliis section of the state for many years. 

His birth occurred in Mansfield, Richland county, Ohio, June 30, 
1838, his parents being among the pioneer residents of that state. 
The ancestry is traced back in the paternal line to Scotland, whence 
the great-grandfather of Judge CuUen came to America, leaving the 
city of Edinbm'gh in 1768 to become a resident of the new world. He 
was a man of fine intellectual attainments and scholarly habits, was a 
Greek professor and in that connection was for some time a member 
of the faculty of one of the early colleges of Pennsylvania. He was 
the father of John CuUen and the grandfather of Thomas W. Cul- 
len, and the latter was the father of William E. Cullen of this re- 
view. Thomas W. Cullen engaged in the manufacture of woolen 
goods in Pennsylvania and was there mamed in 1837 to Miss Isabel 
Morrison. Thirty years later they removed to Ohio, where their re- 
maining days were passed, the father's death occurring when he had 
reached the age of seventy-seven years, while the mother passed away 
at the age of sixty. Their rehgious faith was that of the Protestant 
Episcopal church and their lives were ever in harmony with their 

William E. Cullen was reared amid the refining influences of a 
good Christian home and was the eldest in a family of six children, 
to whom the public schools of his native town afforded them their 

early educational privileges. He afterward had the benefit of three 
years' study in what is now known as Kenyon College, a celebrated 
Episcopal institution at Gambler, Oliio. The west with its hniitless 
opportunities attracted liini, and following his graduation he went to 
JMimiesota, where he was appointed superintendent of instruction for 
the ^Viimebago Indians, his uncle. Major Cullen, being the Indian 
agent for the entire northwest. Two years were devoted to that work 
but during that period he determined to enter upon the practice of 
law, hoping to find in it a more congenial and profitable field. The 
trend of liis mind was natui-ally analytical, logical and inductive and 
he felt that there would be sustained interest for him in the prepara- 
tion and conduct of cases and in the solution of intricate and involved 
legal problems. 

In 1860 ISIr. Cullen entered the office of Judge E. Flandreau, at 
that time associate justice of the supreme court of Minnesota, and 
there continued his studies mider most effective direction until 1862, 
when he was admitted to the bar. He shared in the experiences of 
frontier hfe during his residence in Minnesota, and served as second 
heutenant in a company of state troops at the time of the Indian up- 
rising of 1862, wliich reached its climax in the fearful massacre at 
New Ulm. The company to which he was attached did active duty 
in suppressing the Sioux Indians, and when his militaiy aid was no 
longer needed Mr. Cullen turned his attention to the active practice 
of law, opening an office at St. Peter, Nicollet county, Minnesota, 
where he became associated with JNIajor S. A. Buell, a brother of 
General Don C. Buell. This connection was maintained until 1866, 
when Mr. CuUen started on the overland journey to Montana, travel- 
ing by ox team with a party that made the trip under command of 
Captain James Fisk and arrived in Helena in August. 

Mr. Cullen at once opened an office in that cit}^ and soon gained 
recognition as a lawyer of wide knowledge and ability. His services 
were in constant requisition in the trial of cases and in counsel and he 
also took active part in shaping the early histoiy of the district 
through political activity. He was chosen to represent the district in 
the legislative assembly, which at that time niunbered but seven mem- 
bers and was the first to convene subsequent to the annulment of the 
laws of 1866. At later dates and on different occasions, when the 
countrj^ was more tliickly settled, Mr. Cullen again represented his 
district in the territorial and state legislatures and was identified with 
the work of framing many of the laws which now have place on the 
statute books of the state and constitute a firm foundation for its 
present high legal and political status. 

jl^on. aiaiilliam €. CuUcw 69 

As the years passed Judge Cullen progressed in his profession 
until he occupied a position of distinctive precedence and promi- 
nence. In 1876 he became a partner of Colonel W. F. Sanders, one 
of the most distinguished members of the bar of the state. Later 
he was associated with George F. Shelton and afterward with Gov- 
ernor J. K. Toole, all distinguished representatives of the legal fra- 
ternity in the northwest. He likewise served as division counsel for 
the Northern Pacific Railroad Company from the time its line 
entered the state of JMontana in 1881 until it was reorganized in 1897. 
As its chief representative in Montana he passed through many excit- 
ing periods in its history, from the time when General Grant drove 
the golden spike at Gold Creek, Montana, through its many vicissi- 
tudes, including in its later years the troublesome seizure of trains by 
the Coxey armj^ and the great sj^mpathetic strike of 1894, which com- 
pletely tied up its proijerty, and finally through its passage into the 
hands of receivers and its final sale to the present reorganization. 

Professional service, which also brought Judge Cullen into more 
than local prominence, was his work as general counsel for F. Augus- 
tus Heinze during the long legal contest which he waged vdth the 
Amalgamated Copper Company for many years at Butte, Montana, 
resulting finally in victory for his cHent. The judge was one of the 
organizers and a large stockholder of the Powell Sanders wholesale 
grocery company of Spokane. 

The pohtical offices which Judge Cullen filled were always di- 
rectly or indirectly in the patli of his profession, being connected with 
framing or witli the interpretation of the law. He was the first at- 
torney general of the state of ISIontana and also its first adjutant 
general. In politics he was a recognized supporter of the democratic 
part)' but felt that liis professional duties should be precedent to all 
else and thus took comparatively little active part in pohtical work. 
A contemporary biographer has written of him: "In his chosen field 
of mining law few men were his equals and he has left a deep imprint 
upon the mining laAvs and decisions of the country. His ability was 
recognized by the public and the profession and was the outcome of 
close study, thorough preparation of his cases, keen analysis of facts 
and the logical application of the law. Before a court or jun^ he 
entered easily and naturally into an argument ; there was no straining 
after eflfect, but a precision and coolness in statement, an acuteness 
and strength in argument which few possessed, marked him as of a 
mind trained in the severest school of investigation and to which 
analytical reasoning was habitual. Such decisions as Black vs. Elk- 
horn Mining Company and Lewis vs. Northern Pacific Railroad 

70 ^on. gaBiCltam <£. Cutlen 

Company, in the supreme court of the United States, were from their 
begimiing great legal battles and were fought by him on points wliich 
were then new in the history of litigation then existing in tliis coun- 
try. For a period of twenty-one years he conducted for the Montana 
INIining Company, the owner of the famous Drum Lmnmon mine at 
MarysviUe, Montana, the bitter litigation existing between it and the 
St. Louis INIining Company of iMontana, and in the end fell a \'ictim 
to liis ardor in fighting this htigation. The last trial of this case, in 
Helena, Montana, where he conducted it, lasted for a period of over 
three months, in the year 1905, and he wore himself out during the 
course of this trial, although on account of his rugged health the ef- 
fests of exhaustion did not disclose themselves for a long time to 
come and not imtil he was before the supreme court of the United 
States, in arguing this case for the IMontana Mining Company in De- 
cember, 1907, when he was stricken down by an attack of heart dis- 
ease from which he never recovered. 

Judge CuUen spent the last few years of his life in Spokane, to 
which city he removed v\ith his family in 1899, and here entered into 
partnership with F. ISl. Dudley, under the style of Cullen & Dudley, 
a connection that was maintained until his hfe's labors were ended. 
He was always very devoted to his family, and his was a happy home 
life wliich had its inception in liis marriage, in 1868, in Helena, to 
JMiss Corlin V. Stoakes, who was a native of New York, a descend- 
ant of the Lawrence family and a daughter of Clarence B. Stoakes, 
for a long time a prominent attorney of New York city. Mr. and 
]\Irs. Cullen became the parents of five children, of whom thi'ee are 
yet residents of Spokane. The mother of these children died on the 
18th of January, 1911. 

He considered no effort on his part too great if it would promote 
the happiness and welfare of his wife and cliildren and liis was a na- 
ture that shed around it much of the sunsliine of life. His friends, 
and they were many, found him a most congenial companion and one, 
too, with whom association meant expansion and elevation. Death 
came to him in September, 1908, and thus passed from the scene of 
earthly activities one who had long been prominent in the northwest. 
Success and honors came to him in merited recognition of his personal 
worth and abiHty. He was recognized as the peer of the ablest mem- 
bers of the bar in this section of the country and his life was rich in all 
the traits of honorable manhood and citizensliip. 

5 ubge OTiUiam C l^icfjarbsion 

the 1st of April, 1911, has been first assistant to the 
corporation counsel of Spokane and who has made a 
creditable record as judge of the superior court for 
the district comprising Spokane and Stevens coun- 
ties, is not only deserv'ing of mention as a distin- 
guished lawyer and jurist of the Inland Empire but also as one of 
its pioneer settlers whose residence here dates from the days when 
the Indians were numerous in this section of the state and when the 
district between Walla AValla and the Idaho border was largely an 
undeveloped and unsettled wilderness. Judge Richardson speaks 
with authority upon many points relative to the history of this sec- 
tion. He was born in Lane county, Oregon, August 1, 1857, and 
comes of a family of English origin although long represented in 
America, its members in different generations taking active part in 
the wars in which the country has engaged. His great-grandfather 
was a soldier of the Revolution and his grandfather was a soldier in 
the Black Hawk and other Indian wars which constitute chapters in 
the Mstory of the middle west. 

His father, William C. Richardson, was born in Illinois and came 
across the plains in 1852, arrivng in Polk county, Oregon. He had 
made the journej' with his father, who took up land in that district, 
while W^illiam C. Richardson, shortly after reaching his destination, 
turned his attention to carpentering. He established his home in Port- 
land and was there identified with building operations. He remained 
for fifty-eight years a resident of the Pacific northwest, passing away 
in 1910. Forty years before his wfe had been called to her final rest. 
Her maiden name was Hester Craig and she was of Scotch descent. 
She was born in Arkansas and in 1852 started across the plains with 
her parents, both of whom died while en route. The death of Mrs. 
Richardson occurred in 1870 and she was survived by her two sons 
and two daughters: Frank Richardson, who is engaged in stock- 
raising in San Diego, California, and was for many years a deputy 
sheriff of Arizona; May, of Portland, Oregon; and Jennie, who is 
living in Newport, Oregon. The father by a second marriage had 
one daughter, Eflfie, who resides in Portland, Oregon. 


74 jFutige WiiUmm €. IRiibarbgon 

The other member of the family is Judge Richardson, who pur- 
sued his education in the public schools of Portland, Oregon, where 
he spent his boyhood until 1871. He was at that time thirteen years 
of age and with his father and grandfather he traveled through this 
country from Polk county, Oregon, with a band of cattle. They 
came over the Cascade mountains through eastern Oregon and to the 
present site of Spokane through the Coeur d'Alenes to Bitter Root 
valley, where they remained for a year and a half. The country was 
a M-iiderness, witli very few settlers between Walla Walla and the 
Idaho line. They heard that there were some falls on the Spokane 
river but were not sufficiently interested at that time to go to look at 
them. On this journey Judge Richardson rode a little buckskin pony 
all the way. There had been trouble with the Indians a few years 
before but things had quieted down and a delightful trip was enjoyed. 
There was no trouble, for Colonel Wright had thoroughly subdued 
the red men. In order to bring them into subjection and prevent 
further hostilities against the white race the colonel had collected all 
their ponies to the number of fifteen hmidred and had driven them 
up to a bend in the river near the present site of Opportunity, where 
he shot them. That took the backbone out of the uprising and the 
Indians surrendered. In consequence thereof they always afterward 
regarded Colonel AVright as a truly terrible man. The Richardsons, 
gi-andfather, father and son, had made the trip into this country look- 
ing for good ground for stock. The farmers cultivated the ground for 
several years before they realized that the Palouse was good for any- 
thing at all, an old man named Calhoun, from Virginia, being the 
first to demonstrate the fact that the great Palouse country would 
raise wheat. After this Judge Richardson was graduated from the 
Christian College of Monmouth, Oregon, now the State Normal 
School, completing his course in 1882 with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts. He thereafter di\ided his time between school teaching and 
carpenter work from 1882 until 1887 and on the expiration of that 
period he came to Spokane, where he began reading law in the office 
of S. C. Hyde. He prepared for the bar with characteristic thor- 
oughness and determination and was admitted to practice in 1890, 
after which he successfully followed his profession until elected judge 
of the superior court for the district comprising the two counties of 
Spokane and Stevens in 1896. He served for two terms and made 
an excellent record on the bench, his decisions being strictly fair and 
impartial and a clear exposition of the law demanded by the points in 
the case. He retired from office in January', 1905, and since that 
time has continued in the active practice of law, holding no other 

STuiigc gggilliam C Eictarbgon 75 

office until the 1st of April, 11)11, when he was appointed first assist- 
ant to the corporation counsel of Spokane. While he continues in 
the general practice of law he largely eschews criminal law practice, 
confining his attention to the various branches of civil law, for which 
he is particularly well quahfied. 

Judge Richardson was one of the attorneys in the Colville valley 
drainage jjroject and also in a similar project in the Kalispell valley. 
He has paid much attention to mining litigation and in that way at 
times has acquired interests in mining properties but has since disposed 
of them. He is interested, however, in irrigation enterprises and is 
now connected with what is known as the Whitestone irrigation proj- 
ect. Aside from his activity in his professon and in connection with 
business undertakings, he has been a recognized leader in political 
circles. His allegiance was given to the republican party until 1892, 
when he joined the populist movement. In 1896 he was elected on 
the peoj:)le's party ticket, a fusion ticket of the popuhsts and demo- 
crats, to the office of superior judge and for the second term was 
elected on a fusion of the two parties, his name being placed on the 
democratic ticket. He has always been a close student of political 
problems and questions and in that connection keeps abreast with 
many of the best thinking men of the age. 

On the 19th of February, 1889, at Albany, Oregon, was celebrated 
the marriage of Judge Richardson and Mrs. Viola I. Miller, a daugh- 
ter of George Patterson, who was a pioneer of Oregon and came 
from Wisconsin to the Pacific coast in 1849, at which time he made 
his way to California. He afterward journeyed northward and died 
in 1908. Judge and JNIrs. Richardson have two sons: Curtis, twenty- 
two years of age, who is now^ an architect of Spokane; and Hugh, 
who was born in Februarj% 1898, and is still in school. 

Judge Richardson is a IMason, holding membership in Spokane 
Lodge No. 34. He also belongs to the Woodmen of the World, the 
Inland Club and the Chamber of Commerce and his interests are 
broad and varied, bringing him into active connection with much that 
touches the general welfare of society at large. He has held to high 
ideals in his profession and has been found an able, faithful and con- 
scientious minister in the temple of justice, giving to his client the 
service of superior talent, unwearied industry and broad learning, yet 
never forgetting that there are certain things due to the court, to his 
own self-respect and above all to justice and a righteous administra- 
tion of the law, w hich neither the zeal of an advocate nor the pleasure 
of success permits him to disregard. 

^^Ji> ^^^-^ij.4J 

)X THE period of early manhood J. H. Tilsley be- 
came a resident of Spokane and in the years wliich 
have since come and gone has borne an important 
part in the work of progress and development here, 
his real-estate operations contributing in large 
measure to the growth and improvement of the city. 
Moreover, he has studied conditions of the northwest, has learned to 
recognize its i^ossibilities and cast the weight of liis influence on the 
side of advancement in all those lines that work for the permanent 
good of the Inland Empire. 

Mr. Tilsley is a native of Newport, Kentucky, and he came from 
Greeley, Colorado, to Spokane. The conditions which confronted 
him here in that early period ere law and order had fully replaced 
the elements of lawlessness which are always a feature in a new 
conmiunity were astounding to. the young man, for Greeley was a 
temperance town and possessed of those forces which work for munic- 
ipal advantage. However, the j'oung man held liimself aloof from 
all those influences and activities that do not contribute to the best 
in manhood and citizensliip and bent his energies to the performance 
of his duties as manager of the American District Telegraph Com- 
pany. He entered upon this position without pi-evious experience in 
that line but close application and determined purpose enabled liim 
readily to master the tasks entrusted to him and although at differ- 
ent times in his life he has met difficulties, hardships and almost un- 
surmountable obstacles, he has nevertheless persevered and his inde- 
fatigable energy and industry have at length brought him to a prom- 
inent position in real-estate and insurance circles. In both depart- 
ments of his business he has been accorded a large clientage. He is 
now especially interested in handling Greene's addition to Spokane, 
which he placed on the market in 1908. This is located on the north 
hill west of Monroe street and through his real-estate activities there 
many fine homes have been erected in that district, which has been 
converted into one of the attractive residence sections of the city. 
The greater part of the addition has already been sold and Mr. Tils- 
ley has been equally successful in his real-estate operations elsewhere. 

80 3. 1^. tgggup 

In his political views Mr. Tilslej' is a republican and for one term 
served as deputy county treasurer under A. L. Smith. While he 
keeps well informed on the vital questions and issues of the day he 
has never sought political honors, preferring to concentrate his eflforts 
upon his business affairs, which are of constantly growing volume 
and importance. He is a stalwart advocate and supporter, however, 
of all movements that tend to promote public progress in this section 
of the country. He has aided in many of the leading projects that 
have made Spokane a city and has by liis honesty of purpose made 
a host of friends in all walks of life. He can be found in every 
movement that has for its object the advancement of the city, yet his 
work is always done in a quiet and unassuming way. He never fal- 
ters, however, until his purpose is accomplished and Spokane has 
benefited by the improvements instituted. 

Miton Clark #rap 

^ILTON CLARK GRAY, one of the prominent 
stock breeders of Whitman county, who is also well 
known in the real-estate circles of Pullman, was born 
in West Virginia on the 12th of April, 1856, and is a 
son of William Jesse and Mary Ann (Dague) Gray, 
also natives of West Virginia. The Gray family 
trace their ancestry back to the early colonial days, some of our sub- 
ject's forefathers having participated in the Revolutionarj' war. They 
were formerly residents of Pennsylvania, the grandfather, Mathew 
Gray, having been born and reared near Ryerson's Station, Greene 
county. His sons, including William J., responded to the country's 
call for volunteers and went to the front during the Civil war, thus 
maintaining the reputation for patriotism the family had long ago 
established. Agricultural pursuits always engaged the energies of 
William J. Gray, who passed away in 1872, when he was still in his 

The early years of INIilton Clark Gray were marked by many 
hardships and jirivations. He was a lad of only sixteen years when 
his father died, but, being the eldest child, the operation of the small 
home farm largely devolved upon him, while he was compelled to ren- 
der the family further assistance by hiring out to the neighboring 
farmers. The wages for work of this kind at that period were very 
low, for money was scarce and many were seeking employment, so 
that the lad was compelled to serve man}' times from daylight to 
dark for the paltry sum of thirty-seven and a half cents a day. The 
succeeding eight years brought about various changes and lessened 
his responsibilities, so that in 1880 he was able to realize the ambition 
of his life and supplement his meager education by attending the 
Ohio Wesleyan University and Ada University. He was able to 
continue liis studies in these institutions for two years and at the expi- 
ration of that time he again turned his attention to agricultural pur- 
suits in the summer, while the winter months he devoted to teaching 
in Ohio and Illinois. As he was enterprising and ambitious he care- 
fully saved as much of his earnings as possible and during four suc- 
ceeding years acquired sufficient capital to enable him to engage in 

84 itlilton Clarfe ^rap 

business for himself. An opportunity was afforded him to become 
associated with Robert Bvu-gess & Son, well known breeders and 
importers of fine stock at Wenona, Illinois. This proved entirely 
satisfactory^ in eveiy way and he has ever since been engaged in this 
business. He remained in the Aicinity of Wenona for four years, 
after which he went to Emporia, Kansas, still retaining a business 
connection with the Burgess company, however. Disposing of his 
interests in Kansas and Illinois six j'^ears later, he removed to Minne- 
sota, where he followed the same business until 1898. In the latter 
year he went to Nebraska, where he established a stock importing 
establishment that he operated until 1902, when he again disposed of 
his interests and came to Whitman county, where he has ever since 
resided. Mr. Gray has met with excellent success in his undertakings 
and, being a man of foresight and good judgment as well as unusual 
sagacity, he has directed his activities with intelUgence, and his efforts 
have been substantially rewarded. To him is largely due the improve- 
ment of the horse stock in the Pacific northwest. In addition to his 
large and well established importing business he has acquired exten- 
sive holdings in real estate, owning about four thousand acres of fine 
grain land in British Colimibia and Alberta. Of recent years he has 
been investing quite heavily in property, although he still continues 
to engage in the stock business. 

At Crete, Nebraska, in JSIay, 1900, ISIr. Gray was married to Miss 
Cora E. Streeter, of Wisconsin, a daughter of Gaylord D. and Marie 
(Adams) Streeter, natives of New York. In the maternal line Mrs. 
Gray is descended from the Adams family that provided America 
with so manj^ eminent men, belonging to the branch of which John 
Quincy Adams was a member. One daughter, Mariana, has been 
born to ISIr. and Mrs. Gray. 

The family in religious matters is liberal, favoring no special creed. 
Fraternally Mr. Gray has attained higli rank in the Masonic order, 
being affiliated with the blue lodge and chapter and also the com- 
mandery. He likewise belongs to the Odd Fellows, Maccabees and 
Elks. His political support he gives to the democratic party save at 
municipal elections, when he casts liis ballot for the man he considers 
best qualified to subserve the interests of the majority. He has always 
taken an active interest in all local affairs and in 1907 he was elected 
mayor of Pullman, whicli was the year the saloons were voted out, a 
movement in which he was largely instrumental. Mr. Gray is a man 
of many fine qualities and such strength of character that he inspires 
confidence in all who have dealings with him. He is a believer in 
the Jeffersonian principle which is exemplified in his own life and is 

iHilton Clark &xap 


a widely read student of and a writer upon economic questions. What 
he is and what he has achieved must he entirely attributed to his own 
efforts, as he has made his own way from early boyhood and is in 
every sense of the word a self-made man, his success being due to his 
determination of purpose, persistence and definite aim. Conserva- 
tive and cautious in his methods, he takes a full inventor}^ of his 
powers and possibilities of success before undertaking a new venture, 
and as a result knows exactly what his plan of action will be and con- 
centrates his entire force upon the achievement of his ambition. 

In closing this sketch, it will not be amiss to quote from a testi- 
monial handed Mr. Gray over thirty years ago, by the faculty of the 
university at Ada, Ohio, at the time when from lack of funds, as well 
as a sense of duty to his mother and the balance of the family, he was 
obliged to withdraw from the institution before graduation. From 
said testimonial the follovting paragraph is given: 

"Mr. Gray has been a student at this institution for several terms, 
and of the thousands who come under our instruction, we seldom find 
a man whom we can commend so favorably. He is a gentleman of 
most pleasant manners, a kind and generous heart, with a strong will, 
a sensitive conscience, a clear strong mind, and possessed of strict hab- 
its of industry: — we believe him worthy of high trust." 

In the light of our subject's subsequent life and achievements, 
the opinion formed of him by his mentors in earlier days, seems to 
have been fully justified. 


Jf rank !» ^mitf) 

JRANK L. SMITH is known to the business world 
through his mining interests, for he is now closely 
associated with the development of the rich coal 
deposits of British Colimibia, operating extensively 
along modern lines. Judged only from a business 
standpoint, his life work would be considered of worth 
in this connection, but his activities have been of far wider range in 
his efforts to uplift humanity and bring into the lives of his fellow- 
men those higher ideals which result in the development of individual 
character. His life has come into close and beneficial contact with 
many others, as he has labored not only in this country and in our 
insular possessions but also in Great Britain for the benefit of his 
fellowTnen in the dissemination of those truths wliich are a higher and 
holier force in the world. 

He was born in New York city, February 18, 1848. His ances- 
tral history can be traced back to the Cromwellian period, for the fam- 
ily are descended from Lord Stephen Smith, who was a member of 
Cromwell's parliament. His father, Elias Smith, was born in Prov- 
idence, Rhode Island, and died about 1891. He was recognized as 
a very prominent war correspondent and newspaper man of New 
York and was associated with Horace Greeley in journalistic enter-- 
prises. He became one of the famous newspaper correspondents at 
the time of the Civil war and was held in high regard by the press of 
New York city, the chief journalists of the metropohs giving him 
the credit of being a real historian of that great conflict. He served 
on the staff of General Burnside and came into close touch with the 
events that constituted the real history of the civil strife. He scored 
many "scoops" as correspondent during the days of the war, and the 
first news which the war department had of the fall of Vicksburg 
was a dispatch which Elias Smith sent. He practically gave all of 
his life to newspaper work and was city editor of the New York 
Times. He was an intimate friend of Henry Ward Beecher and 
knew many of the leading journalists and distinguished men of the 
day. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Sarah R. Miller, is of 
English lineage and a descendant of Roger Williams, the first gov- 

90 Jfranfe J., ^mitf) 

ernor of Rhode Island. Her father was the founder of the Providence 
Journal and was a prominent pohtical leader. 

In the family of Mr. and Mrs. Elias Smith Avere three sons: 
Frank L.; E. C, who is now engaged in mining in JNIexico; and Alva 
M., who is a newspaper man of the south. 

Frank L. Smith pursued his education in the pubhc schools and 
in Fairchild's Academy at Flushing, Long Island. He was still a 
youth in his teens when he did active duty as a member of the Fifty- 
sixth Regiment of Volunteers of the New York National Guard 
during the riots at the docks. He entered business life as a commer- 
cial traveler in the employ of an uncle and afterward was engaged 
in business in Galveston, Texas, imtil 1867. While there residing 
he was married, in May, 1866, to Miss Charlotte Higgins, of Key- 
port, New Jersey, a daughter of Charles Higgins, one of the most 
prominent men of that district, who at that time owned all the stage 
routes out of Freehold. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Smith have been born 
seven children, of whom four are yet living: Edward W., a resident 
of San Francisco; Ernest, who is liA7ng in Sebastopol, California; 
Judson, a pharmacist of Spokane; and Lottie M., the wife of Rev. 
Alfred Lockwood, who for five years was the predecessor of Dean 
Hicks of All Saints cathedral and is now rector of the church at 
North Yakima. 

On leaving Galveston, Mr. Smith went to Bloomington, Illinois, 
where he was connected with the railroad service until 1874, when he 
w^as made assistant treasurer of the Indianapohs, Bloomington & 
Western Railroad, now a branch of the Big Four. He won advance- 
ment from the position of office clerks to assistant treasurer in the 
general oflSce and remained with the road until it changed hands. 
Becoming deeply interested in religious work, he afterA\ard spent a 
a number of years in important positions in connection with the Young 
Men's Christian Association. He was also engaged in evangelistic 
work and held missions not only all over the United States but also 
in England, Scotland and Ireland, conducting a very interesting cam- 
paign in behalf of moral progress on the other side of the water. The 
meetings which he held were all by invitation, for his reputation spread 
and he became known as an earnest, zealous worker in his church. 
He continued in the evangelistic field until the Spanish war, wiien 
he conducted Christian work among the camps of the south, at Camp 
Lfe, Jacksonville, and at Savannah. He afterward continued his 
labors in this connection on the island of Porto Rico and assisted Gen- 
eral Henry in distributing rehef. He instituted his religious work 
in Porto Rico at the time the troops were first sent to San Juan, con- 

Jfranfe %. ^mitft 91 

ducting this labor under the auspices of the international committee 
of the Young Men's Christian Association. He afterward took part 
in instituting similar work among the United States sailors but event- 
ually removed to the northwest. Here he has been connected with a 
number of important business enterprises and is now secretary-treas- 
urer of the Boundar}^ Mining & Exploration Company, Limited, of 
which Dr. C. M. Kingston is the president and S. J. Miller vice presi- 
dent. In addition to the officers, F. H. Knight and A. H. Noyes are 
members of the board of directors. The object of this company is 
to develop the coal properties of Midway, British Columbia, consist- 
ing of crown-granted property of six hundred acres and other tracts. 
They have over one thousand feet in tunnels and drifts and shafts, 
and several hundred feet of the mines have been developed. They 
are now beginning to sink a developing shaft to strike two veins of 
coal, one to be reached at a depth of one hundred and ten feet and 
the other of one hundred and seventy feet. They have several well 
defined veins in tunnel, five feet in width. Their coal is of the bitu- 
minous kind and they are now prospecting for semi-anthracite. This 
is a good blacksmith coal and took first prize at the Interstate Fair. 
The work of development is being vigorously prosecuted and the com- 
pany will make its initial shipments in 1912. They have two lines of 
railroad over the property, the Canadian Pacific and the Great 
Northern, affording them remarkably good shipping facilities. 

While Mr. Smith is proving his worth as an enterprising, progress- 
ive business man, capable and determined, he at the same time con- 
tinues his labors in behalf of moral progress and as an evangehst has 
held misions in every state of the Union except Wyoming and Ne-. 
vada, working largely along undenominational lines. He has served 
as state evangelist for the Congregational chiu'ch of California. At 
Ellensburg he joined the Episcopal church, was confirmed, worked 
as a la\Tnan under Bishop Wells and conducted services as a layman. 
During 1908 he was called to the management of the Ondarra Inn 
in Spokane, an institution for the help of the unemployed, and suc- 
ceeded in making this great work self-supporting. A free employ- 
ment bureau provided work for about eight himdred men each month 
and -thousands of men were sheltered and fed. Religious services 
were held and lectures given by prominent men. The property was 
purchased in 1910, by the North Coast Railroad to be used as a union 
depot and the work discontinued. Rev. W. L. Bull, an episcopal 
clergyman, was the owner and he, with Right Rev. Lemuel H. Wells, 
bishop of the diocese, were the instigators and responsible for the work. 
He is now connected with St. James parish and had charge of the 

92 jFranfe X. ^mttft 

work at St. John's church for one year. He presented a confirmation 
class of five to the bishop — rather an unusual thing for a layman. 
His efforts have been a most efficient force for good in the districts 
where he has labored and the radius of his influence is far reaching. 

In politics Mr. Smith is an independent republican, while frater- 
nally he is connected with the Modern Woodmen and the Red Men, 
being now a trustee of Comanche Tribe. He also belongs to the 
Inland Club and in connection with Senator Poindexter and others 
organized the Fellowship Club, which has been very active in the dis- 
cussion of public subjects, thus creating pubhc opinion and largely 
influencing pubhc work. He has ever regarded life as an opportunity 
— an opportunity for the development of the trifold nature of man — 
and has therefore labored to bring to the highest perfection pos- 
sible the physical, mental and moral forces of the world. He has 
ever reached out in helpful spirit and sympathy toward all mankind 
and his is one of the natures that sheds around it much of the sunshine 
of life. 



jFranfe 3B, #arrett 

iRANK D. GARRETT, engaged in the real-estate 

F,^ J business with offices in the Hyde block, is one of the 
VX*l extensive landowners of Washington. He was born 
»5 1 in Hardin county, Iowa, on the 12th of October, 
1864, his parents being Frank and Mary J. (Stra- 
horn) Garrett, both of whom are prominent among 
the pioneers of Iowa and are still living. 

Mr. Garrett of this review received his education in the public 
schools of Iowa until he was fifteen years of age. At that time he 
left his native state and removed west to Pendleton, Oregon, where 
he accepted employment on a large ranch for seven years, during 
the greater part of which period he acted as foreman. He thus be- 
came acquainted with many of the essential features of the cattle 
business and subsequently he engaged in that enterprise near 
Sprague, Washington, for three years. The winter of the last of these 
three years was a particularly severe one and he had the misfortime 
to lose the greater part of his stock, when in two nights ten thousand 
sheep disappeared. But his determination and grit were undaunted 
and he immediately engaged in agricultural pursuits and for seven 
years successfully cultivated his farm near Sprague. Again he ex- 
ercised the same diligence and careful application to the duties at 
hand which he had displayed in his previous undertakings and the 
success with which he met was more than compensatory. He dis- 
posed of this property and since 1904 has engaged in the real-estate 
business in Spokane. His various undertakings have proved so 
lucrative that he has been able from time to time to purchase consid- 
erable land in Washington. At present he is the owTier of four thou- 
sand acres in the Palouse country and of several valuable holdings 
in Spokane. He has further extended his activities by associating 
himself with the Coeur d'Alene Empire Mining Company, of which 
he is at present serving as president. Since becoming a resident of 
Spokane eight years ago, he has well proven his worth as a business 
man, as a judge of real-estate values and as a trusted adviser in busi- 
ness circles. 


96 :f ranfc 3B. Barrett 

In Medical Lake, Washington, on the 3d of July, 1889, Mr. Gar- 
rett was married to Miss Anna Teal, a daughter of David H. and 
Rachel Teal. To them two children have been born: Forest, who is 
attending college at Pullman, Washington; and Hazel, who is a 
student at the LeAviston Normal School at Lewiston, Idaho. Mr. 
Garrett exercises his right of franchise in supj)ort of the men and 
measures of the republican party. He holds membership in Spo- 
kane Lodge, 'No. 228, Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He 
has attained notable success and this has followed as the logical se- 
quence of liis labors, his careful study of the development of a rap- 
idly growing countn,- and his integrity. His record may well serve 
as a source of inspiration and courage to others, showing what may 
be accomplished by one who has determination and energy. He has 
proven his worth as a factor in the business world and the position 
which he occupies is a creditable one and one involving much respon- 

(Mc^A..!si l^-.y 

^fjabbeus; ^. lane 

lUERE is perhaps no man in all of the northwest 

TV/ J more widely known than Thaddeus S. Lane, and he 
^ has an almost equally wide acquaintance and repu- 
>^ I tation in the older east, for his business and finan- 
cial activities have brought him into close connection 
with important interests in various sections of the 
rantiy. He makes Spokane his home and yet is frequently found 
in the various metropolitan centers beyond the Rocky Mountains 
formulating plans concerning important business transactions or 
speaking words that constitute the guiding force in control of a 
mammoth industrial or financial project. He was born in Gustavus, 
Ohio, on the 10th of February, 1872, his parents being Truman M. 
and ]\Ielissa Lane, who were not only of American birth but trace 
their ancestry back to the colonial epoch in our country's history. 
His forebears were residents of New England but during the first 
half of the last centuiy representatives of the name traveled with 
ox teams to Ohio, where they hewed their farm out of the virgin forest. 
Mr. Lane still owns the ancestral home in the Buckeye state and 
frequently visits it on his eastern trips. 

Like that of most men his rise in the business world has been a 
gradual one and yet his close application and his keen insight and 
his ready perception have enabled him to forge ahead of many who 
perhaps started out far in advance of him. At length his attention 
was attracted toward the feasibility of the establishment of inde- 
pendent telephone systems and in 1906 he came to Montana. After 
a close scrutiny of local conditions he decided that Butte offered a 
profitable field for Independent telephone endeavor and established 
there the Montana Independent Telephone Company which consti- 
tuted the modest beginning of operations that today cover all of 
ISIontana, northern Idaho and Washington. In fact his lines reach 
from the Dakotas to the Pacific, There are eight automatic ex- 
changes in the system of which Mr. Lane is the president, Avith 
general offices in Spokane. His combined interests are conducted 
imder the style of the Inter State Consolidated Telephone Company, 
which is the holding company of ten companies of which he is pres- 

100 ^t)abbeug ^. Hane 

ident. His Spokane company alone rej)resents an investment of 
two million dollars. From one point to another he has extended his 
operations and promoted his activities until he is now president of 
the Billings Automatic Telephone Company, of Billings, Montana; 
the Helena Automatic Telephone Company, of Helena, Montana; 
the Great Falls Automatic Telephone Company, of Great Falls, 
]\Iontana; the Montana Independent Telephone Company, of Butte, 
JSIissoula, Anaconda and Hamilton, Montana; the State Telephone 
& Telegraph Company, at Bozeman and Livingston, Montana; the 
Interstate Telephone Company, Limited, Coeur d'Alene, Sandpoint 
and Panliandle, of Idaho; the Idaho Independent Telephone Com- 
pany, of PocateUa, Idaho; and the Home Telephone & Telegraph 
Company at Spokane, Washing-ton. The Inter State Consolidated 
Telephone Company, the capitalization of which is five million dol- 
lars is the holding company of all the other companies mentioned 
above. The northwest's best known independent magazine. The Treas- 
urer State, of Montana, writing of liis activities in the field of in- 
dependent telephone exchanges, said: "Mr. Lane came to Butte four 
years ago with a good disposition, a world of telephone experience, a 
genius for inspiring confidence and a sane and monumental optimism 
that convinced everybody that he had come to the best place in the 
world for the big and permanent operation of an Independent tele- 
phone system. Probably that is another of the secrets of Mr. Lane's 
success — he never undertakes an3i;hing in which he is not himself 
vitally and enthusiastically confident. Lane commenced Montana 
operations by building the Butte exchange. He coolly and even deb- 
onairly weathered the panic and emerged at the beginning of this 
year with over six thousand independent phones in the Big Camp as 
compared with about nine hundred in use by the old established com- 
pany. With Butte as a base and nucleus of his enterprise ]Mr. Lane 
kept on extending his activities. He built perfect exchanges at Ana- 
conda, Helena, Great Falls, Missoula and a few lesser Montana places 
reaching as far as the Dakota line on the east and as far as Idaho. He 
picked up all the intervening rural and interurban small lines and then 
invaded the Panhandle of Idaho. He ran up against local discourage- 
ment, past failures, automatic misfits and every conceivable obstacle; 
but he conquered and eliminated all hindrances and steadily pursued 
his triumphant march as an organizer and builder of safe and modern 
telephone business. Within the short time of his activities in this 
northwest region Mr. Lane has established a cohesive chain of forty- 
nine exchanges in Washington, Idaho and Montana and in Spokane, 
where he raised more than one million, five hundred thousand dol- 

gri^abbcug ^. Hanc 101 

lars for liis company, over twenty-five hundred instruments were sub- 
scribed for and ready for business before a bell rang. The Spokane 
exchange now includes the largest and most perfect automatic serv- 
ice in the northwest. The weakest spot of the earlier independent 
telephone companies was their inability to give long-distance service. 
Therefore Mr. Lane attacked this inability and in perfecting a long- 
distance system he removed the last and greatest argument against 
the independent method of telephoning. In acquiring weak, in- 
complete and isolated small companies an enormous amount of 
money was required. T. S. Lane has proved an ability in financing 
his projects which has made him the leading spirit in the independent 
telephone movement. He has the invaluable faculty of radiating 
local confidence, inspiriting dejected enterprise, restoring self-con- 
fidence in others and urging forward the rapid economic success of 
all his undertakings." 

In addition to his mammoth operations in the telephone field Mr. 
Lane is president of the Western Empire Fire Insurance Company 
of Spokane and a director of the Montana National Life Insurance 
Company. He is also a director and vice president of the Silver Bow 
National Bank of Butte, JNIontana, The number of corporations in 
which Mr. Lane is a director is thirty-eight. 

In 1897 Mr. Lane was married in New York city to Miss Lilian 
Payntar, a daughter of George Hoagland and Irene (Merkle) Payn- 
tar. They have one child, a daughter, Lihan, aged ten, who is a 
student at Brunot Hall. Mr. Lane has purchased the Gordon home 
at No. 1323 Eighth avenue and with his family regards this as his per- 
manent residence. He has never sought political nor fraternal pi-om- 
inence and belongs to no lodges nor societies save the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. Of him it has been written: "Thaddeus S. 
Lane of the United States might as well be his address because he 
seems to go everywhere, and if you frequent the best clubs of Chicago, 
Minneapolis, Salt Lake or 'Frisco, you are just about as sure to see 
him sitting in the evening at a quiet game of slough in any one of them 
as in the JNIontana Club at Helena, the Spokane Club of Spokane or 
the Silver Bow at Butte. Mr. Lane is something more and better 
than a 'promising young man.' He is a performing young man, a 
very dynamic personage of wholesome and captivating personality, 
but of an exhaustless energy which is the wonder of his friends, and 
the despair of his rivals. Imperturbability fits Mr. Lane like his 
business suit but for all his seeming calmness he is endowed w^ith a 
physical alertness and mental celerity that are the essentials of his 
remarkable success. His constructive talents are touched with the 


^tfjalilicug ^. Hanc 

daring of all self-reliant men. He infuses others with his own same 
optimism and demonstrates his own faith by the performances of his 
busy days. With men like him nothing is final and failure is not a 
word at all. His industry is insatiate and yet he loves life and lives 
it with every creditable zest for happiness." 

^.^ -^^X:2ZZ 

%. W Mfjitten 

WELL spent life has brought to L. B. Whitten sub- 
stantial success in a business way, and sound judg- 
ment has prompted judicious investment in real es- 
tate until he is now the owner of valuable city and 
farm property. Moreover, he is nimibered among 
the early residents of eastern Washington, having 
for tliirty-one years resided in this district, so that he is largely famil- 
iar with its upbuilding and progress, while toward its growth and 
development he has contributed. 

He was born in Alleghany county, Virginia, November 15, 1850, 
and is a son of James and Sidney (Hook) Whitten, who were early 
residents of Pennsylvania and were descended from old famihes of 
the east. In the public schools of his native state L. B. ^Vhitten 
pursued his education and then, turning his attention to the carpen- 
ter's trade, became familiar with that business in its various phases. 
It was his father's wish that the son should remain in Virginia and 
become a farmer, but this seemed to hmit liis opportunities, and when 
he had mastered the carpenter's trade he left the Old Dominion and 
made his way to the state of Missouri. There he conducted a photo- 
graph gallery for a short period but was still not content with his 
location. The west seemed to call him and he started overland with 
a mule team for the Pacific coast country. 

Mr. Whitten first made his way to Oregon, settling at The Dalles, 
but after a brief period came to Spokane, where he arrived on the 
3d of January, 1880. He bought a lot on Front street, where he 
erected a carpenter shop and worked for several years. In 1881 he 
purchased a lot and erected a frame building at No. 19 Howard 
street, there estabhshing a drug store which was destroyed by fire in 
1888. In the spring of 1889 he replaced this by a three-story brick 
building and again suffered heavy losses in the great fire which oc- 
curred in the fall of the same year. Still undiscouraged, he at once 
rebuilt upon that site and also erected the fine five-story Whitten 
block which occupied the corner of Sprague and Post streets. In 
1890 he erected a brick residence at the corner of Sixth and Madison 
streets and in 1893 built a two-story building at 616 Front street 

106 1,. jB. immtn 

and a two-story brick store and office building at 222 Mill street. He 
is now engaged on the construction of a three-story brick hotel, which 
he and his son Paul will conduct. His investments in realty and 
his building operations have brought him a substantial measure of 
success and in addition to his city property he is also the possessor of 
much fine farming land throughout the community. He is very 
active in real-estate circles and has also been identified with a number 
of mining projects in this part of the country. 

On the 5th of November, 1888, Mr. Whitten was married in 
Spokane to JNIiss Georgia J. Ballon, a daughter of Ellis and Laura 
(Clark) Ballou, both of whom were natives of Ohio and were gradu- 
ates of Hiram College in that state. They removed to Zanesville, 
Ohio, and afterward to Helena, Montana, Mr. Ballou becoming re- 
ceiver in the United States land office. On the maternal side Mrs. 
Whitten is descended from an old, prominent and distinguished 
French family, her ancestors having settled in this country early in 
the eighteenth century. Mr. and Mrs. Whitten have three children, 
namely: Paul B., who is associated with his father in his various 
real-estate interests; Lester C, who is now a student in Spokane, 
preparing to enter Hansard College; and Virginia, a student at Bru- 
not Hall. 

Politically Mr. Whitten is a democrat but has never been an 
aspirant for office, preferring always to concentrate his energies upon 
his business affairs, in which he has displayed keen foresight, sound 
judgment and unfaltering enterprise. His labors have been an ele- 
ment in the city's growth and improvement and he has also contrib- 
uted to the civic welfare and development in other ways. His own 
success is due also to the fact that he is an excellent judge of human 
nature and that in all business dealings he is strictly reliable, so that 
his word has come to be regarded as good as any bond ever solem- 
nized by signature or seal. 

airtijur a^. Pletoett 

jHE industrial enterprises of Spokane find a worthy 
and well known representative in Arthur R. Blewett, 
who is the secretary and general manager of the 
Northwest Harvester Company, an enterprise that 
has excellent equipment and is well established on 
the road to success. A native of Bowhng Green, 
Kentucky, Arthur R. Blewett was born June 14, 1877, of the mar- 
riage of Alexander Chapman Blewett and Galveston Stone. The 
mother was named for her native city, Galveston, Texas, and belonged 
to an old southern family, prominent in antebellum days. She was 
of English descent, as was her husband, who was a native of Ken- 
tucky. The latter died in California, in 1898, and his wife passed 
away in 1901. In their family were three sons and two daughters: 
Arthur R.; Hannibal C, who is living in Turlock, California; Roy 
v., of the same place; Miss Betsy Stark, of Spokane; and Effie, who 
is also living in Spokane. 

Arthur R. Blewett, taken to California in his boyhood days, his 
parents removing to that state in 1890, supplemented his public-school 
course by study in San Joaquin Valley College at Woodbridge, Cali- 
fornia. After putting aside his text-books he engaged in farming 
ninety-five hundred acres of land at Turlock, Stanislaus, California, 
but \vithdrew from agricultural pursuits in 1906 and went upon the 
road as a traveling salesman for The Holt Manufacturing Company, 
at Stockton, Cahfornia, with which he was connected six years. He 
traveled over the northwest territory, covering Oregon, Washington, 
Montana and Canada, and in 1907 was made the district manager for 
the company at Spokane, continuing in that position through the 
j^ears 1908 and 1909. Since then he has been the secretary and man- 
ager of the Northwest Harvester Company, of which he was one of 
the organizers. They make a specialty of side hill combined harvesters 
and build two types of macliines — one called the Northwest Side 
Hill Combined Harvester, and the other the Blewett Side Hill Com- 
bined Harvester. The inventions and patents of the latter are owned 
by Mr. Blewett. In addition to the manufacture and sale of har- 
vesters, the company conducts a general foundry and machine shop 

110 grttur j^. glftoett 

business, builds a variety of special machineiy and does all kinds of 
repair work. They have completed their second year in business and 
in ten months their output in machines amounted to over eighty 
thousand dollars. They now have plans for the building of sixty 
machines for the year 1912, which Avill represent over one hundred 
thousand dollars. The company owns its own plant adjoining Spo- 
kane, with four acres of gi-ound, and has an exceptionally good class 
of all brick factory buildings, M'ith concrete floors, numbering nine. 
Modern machinery^ has been installed and everj^thing is planned for 
the rapid filling of orders. They have won notable success since em- 
barking in tlris enterprise and not a little of the result is attributable 
to Arthur R. Blewett, whose previous experience with The Holt Man- 
ufacturing Company well qualified him to undertake the duties that 
devolve upon him in his present connection. The Northwest Har- 
vester Company has the following ofl^icers: Ben C. Holt, presi- 
dent and treasurer; C. Parker Holt, \ace president; and Arthur R. 
Blewett, manager and secretary. The business is capitalized for three 
hundred thousand dollars. 

In addition to his other interests, INIr. Blewett owns an irrigated 
ranch at Turlock, California, which he is now improving. He be- 
longs to the Sjiokane Club, to the Spokane Athletic Club and also 
to the Chamber of Commerce. His political views are in accord with 
the principles of the democratic party and he keeps well informed 
on the questions of the day but does not seek nor desire office, feeling 
that his time and attention are fully occupied by business affairs, 
which are growing in volume and importance and which have already 
won him recognition as an enterprising and successful business man 
of his adopted city. 

J', /9h. /^^.a^ 

Samuel il. OTifjarton 

HAT has often seemed to be irreparable disaster has 

W.. I'requently proven to be opportunity. The feeHng 
J) of hoi)elessness and horror that swept over Spokane 
vS? with the great conflagration of 1889 soon lifted and 
in its place came a spirit of determination and reso- 
lution which has builded the city upon a larger, bet- 
ter plane than before. Samuel M. Wharton became a resident of 
Spokane in that year — 1889 — and was thereafter to the time of his 
death closely associated with the business development and progress 
of this section of the northwest. 

He was born December 11, 1847, in Charleston, South Carolina, 
and although he passed away at the comparatively early age of sixty 
years, his death occurring June 25, 1908, he had accomplished much 
within his life's span. His parents were George C. and Louisa 
Wharton, who were natives of South Carolina, where the father 
became prominent as a contractor and builder. He had the contract 
for the building of Fort Simiter, taking his men across each day in 
boats from Charleston to the island on which the fort was located. 

Samuel M. Wharton pursued his education in the schools of 
Charleston and when he had mastered the branches taught in the 
graded and high schools there he spent several years in college in 
that city. When his education was completed he became an apprentice 
under his father and there learned the trade of a brick-mason, which 
he followed for four years. He afterward took up contracting and 
building on his o^vn account, removing to Baltimore, where he re- 
mained for three years, and during that period he erected several 
fine buildings there. He next went to New York city, where he 
remained as a contractor for several years, and then spent a number 
of years in Georgia and in Texas. In the former state he was inter- 
ested in the old Calhoun mines, the first gold mines which were opened 
in the United States. In Texas he began ranching and engaged 
quite extensively in buying and shipping horses, living at different 
times in Dallas, Belton and San Antonio. In the last named he 
became widely known as an extensive and prosperous horse buyer 
and shipper and also o\vned a large ranch near the city, which he 
afterward sold. 

114 Samuel jW. ?BaHftarton 

As previously stated JNIr. Wharton was numbered among Spo- 
kane's pioneers of 1889. Following his arrival here he established 
a brick-manufacturing business, which he continued for a year, and 
then sold his plant. He next engaged in mining in the Slocan country 
of British Columbia. He became one of the original owners of the 
famous Reco mines, the first mines located in that country, and also 
discovered and located several mines of the Reco group. He like- 
wise erected the first sawmill in that country, hauling the material 
into the interior for a distance of twenty-two miles. Throughout his 
remaining days his time and energies were given to mining and real- 
estate operations. Several years before his death he sold his interest 
in the Calhoun mines but retained the ownership of valuable property 
in the northwest. 

It was on the 15th of July, 1870, in Dallas, Texas, that Mr. 
Wharton was united in marriage to Miss Marion C. Crumpton, a 
daughter of John A. and Caroline Lucy Crimipton, who were na- 
tives of South Carolina, where her father carried on general agricult- 
ural pursuits. 

Mr. Wharton gave his political allegiance to the democratic party 
and was a valued and exemplary member of the Masonic fraternity. 
He attended and gave liberally to various churches but was a member 
of none. He could well be termed a pioneer for often he blazed the 
path which others followed. He was always searching the vast wil- 
derness and interior for opportunities and developing the country as 
he saw a chance to utilize its natural resources. His labors were in- 
deed an element in progress and improvement, counting for much in 
the history of the northwest. Those who knew him personally found 
him a most congenial companion. He was fond of outdoor Hfe and 
was familiar with nature in its various phases. He also loved music 
and travel but most of all he loved his home and the companionship 
of his friends and at his own fireside was a most hospitable and genial 


5- ^tier long 

)N THE life history of J. Grier Long is found a refu- 
tation of the too generally accepted statement that 
American business men are so engrossed in the spirit 
of commerciaUsm that no time nor opportunity is 
left for cooperation in the broader themes and more 
vital activities which touch the interests of society at 
large, \\niile president of The Wasliington Trust Company and 
therefore one of the most prominent factors in financial circles in 
Spokane, Mr. Long has done equally effective work for the moral 
and social uplift of his fellowmen, holding ever firmlj' to the theory 
that each individual should be given the opportunity of bettering liim- 
self. It is due to the fact that he has wisely used his time and oppor- 
tunities, that he has reached his present position. He was born in 
Juniata county, Pennsylvania, December 4, 1861, and is a son of 
John F. G. and Frances (Gallagher) Long. The father, who de- 
voted his life to agricultural pursuits, died in 1903, while liis wife 
passed away in 1900. 

J. Grier Long pursued his education in the Tuscarora Academy 
of Pennsylvania, and in the Washington and Jeft'erson College near 
Pittsburg, being graduated from the latter with the A. B. degree 
in 1887. In the interval between these academic and collegiate courses 
he engaged in teaching in the public schools of liis native state for 
five years and following liis graduation again engaged in teacliing 
for three years. In 1891 he arrived in Spokane and has since been 
a representative of financial interests here, becoming identified orig- 
inally with The Pennsylvania Mortgage Investment Company, of 
which he was made manager in 1896. In 1902, associated with 
Messrs. Webster and Connelly he organized The Wasliington Trust 
Company, of which he has since been the president and active man- 
ager. This is today one of the most progressive of Spokane's banks 
and is grooving rapidly. The same gentlemen also organized the 
Union Park Bank and the Union Savings Bank in 1902, and of these 
Mr. Long is likewise the president. He is also the president of the 
Washington Xational Life Insurance Company wliich has been re- 
cently organized. His success is attributable in no small measure to 

118 3- ^titv Hong 

the fact that he has abihty to coordinate forces and bring seemingly 
diverse elements into a harmonious whole. He seems to see from 
the outset the possibilities for accomplishment and ever sets his mark 
high, striving constantly to bring his institutions to that level. 

Mr. Long is also a verj' active republican and is now serving for 
the third term as a member of the school board. He was one of the 
committee of fifteen appointed to prepare the new city charter that 
was adopted at the time the city took on the commission form of gov- 
ernment. He is always loyal to his obligations of citizenship, recog- 
nizing the duties as well as the privileges of each individual in this 
connection, and his efforts have ever been of the practical and result- 
ant form, which has characterized his business activities. 

On the 10th of October, 1895, Mr. Long was united in marriage 
to Miss Maude G. Sorter, a daughter of Albert and Louise Sorter 
of this city. They have three children, Lloyd, Frances Louise and 
James Grier, the eldest being now a high-school pupil. Mr. Long 
is well known in fraternal and club circles of this city, belonging to 
the Knights of Pythias and to Spokane Lodge, No. 74, F. & A. M. 
He likewise holds membersliip in the Spokane Club, the Spokane 
Country Club and the University Club, and is in hearty sympathy 
with the progressive movements of the Chamber of Commerce, of 
which he is also a representative. He belongs to the First Presby- 
terian church and for twenty-one years has served as an elder. Twice 
he has represented his church in the general assembly, in the meeting 
held in Minneapolis, in 1899, and again in Atlantic City, New Jer- 
sey, in 1910. He is a director of the San Francisco Theological 
Seminary and has been very actively associated with every movement 
to better social conditions in Spokane, feeling that every man and 
woman should be given an opportunity for advancement. He re- 
alizes, as few men have done, the obligations and responsibihties of 
wealth and is ever ready to extend a helping hand to one who is will- 
ing to help himself. In his investigation of political, economic and 
sociological conditions he keeps abreast with the best thinking men 
of the age, striving to promote even-handed justice and recognizing 
the principle which is the basic element of modem civilization — the 
brotherhood of man. 

f of)n f . Jlummel 

5OHN J. HUMMEL, president of the Multitype 
JVlachine Company of Spokane, is by birth a Hol- 
lander, possessing in a marked degree the practical 
qualities of mind and tenacity of piu'pose for which 
this people are noted. His birth occurred at Nithin- 
sen. Province Groningen, Netherlands, June 5, 1876, 
his parents being John H. and Peteke (Drent) Hummel. The first 
eleven years of liis hfe were spent in liis native land, and in later 
years, when the cares and seriousness of life grow oppressive, he 
relaxes for a moment and indulges in reminiscences of his home by 
the sea, where were the long low sand dunes and the dykes to pro- 
tect the town from the ruthlessness of the ocean but over which the 
music of the waves traveled. 

In 1887 John J. Hummel came with his parents to America and 
settled in Muskegon, Michigan, where the father engaged in agri- 
culture. In the public schools of that city John Hummel acquired 
his education, which was supplemented by much home study, and 
during tliis time he also assisted his father in his agricultural pur- 
suits. For a period of ten years following his school course in Mus- 
kegon he continued to work on the home farm, also learned the print- 
er's trade, and developed, from the natural bent of his mind, a great 
interest in sociological, economic, philosophic, theological and scien- 
tific problems. Subsequently he went to Chicago and later to 
Davenport, Iowa. In 1907 he came to Spokane, and during his five 
years' residence here has, by his progress, proven what can be accom- 
plished by conserving all energies and expending them in the special 
work where lies one's greatest ability. 

Mr. Hummel is now numbered among the inventors of the land 
of his adoption. When a youth battling wnth and trj'ing to solve the 
m5'^steries of typesetting, the idea of inventing a machine to fill a 
very evident need originated, and since its birth he has devoted much 
time to the study of typesetting and typecasting machines, and the 
result is the multitype, which many printers believe to be the ideal 
typesetting macliine of the immediate future, it differing from the 
linotype and monotype in that it accomplishes by machine work what 

122 loljn 3. ji^ummel 

has heretofore been done by hand in most printing establishments. 
The multitype machine promises to be of great commercial value. 
It has a field of its own and is demonstrating how thousands of dol- 
lars can be saved annually with also great economy in time and 
labor. When the inventor realized the worth of liis product he inter- 
ested prominent printers and machinists in the invention and a com- 
pany was formed and a trial macliine built. Subsequently the Multi- 
type Machine Company was incorporated for one milUon dollars 
with John J. Hummel as president, but the capital stock has since 
been increased to ten milhon dollars. The experimental shop which 
the company now operates was installed in 1910, but plans are now 
being made to expand their works in order to facilitate the manu- 
facture of their larger machines. Remarkable certainly has been 
the evolution of the printing industry since the epochal day Lam-ens 
Coster dropped his hand-carved letter on the sand and by its im- 
pression gained the first idea of reproducing manuscripts with 
movable type. 

Mr. Hummel has kept his mind and time so occujjied he has found 
no opportunity to affiliate with any lodge or club. He is unmarried, 
his parents at present making their home with Iiim. He holds mem- 
bership in the First Presbyterian church of Spokane. In his polit- 
ical views he is a near socialist, his naturally anaMic mind being 
impressed with the problems of the capitalist's oppression of the la- 
boring man and his consequent resistance. His vote is always given 
to the party working for the betterment of social relations. 

Although still a comparatively young man he has made good use 
of his years, depending upon no outside aid or circumstances but 
exerting his powers to the utmost, always on the alert for improve- 
ment, never regarding any attainment as final but rather as a start- 
ing point for further achievement. 

-f /y^ 

Clmore Jf . poples; 

jREAT have been the obstacles and difficulties which 
Elmore F. Boyles has overcome in winning his way 
from a most humble and prosaic position in the busi- 
ness world to a place of affluence. Today he and his 
brother are the owners of Granby Court, one of the 
finest apartment buildings in the city and a monu- 
ment to one of the best pieces of financiering ever done in the north- 
west. His life record is another illustration of the old adage that, 
"Where there is a will there is a way." 

Iowa numbers Mr. Boyles as one of her native sons, his birth there 
occurring Febioiary 20, 1864. His parents, Edward F. and Nancy 
(Rowland) Boyles, were both natives of Ohio and the former was of 
Irish descent. He was born in 1825 and his life, which was devoted 
to the carpenter's trade, was terminated in death in 1885. He had 
for thirteen years survived his Avife, who passed away in 1872. In 
their family were three sons and two daughters, the brothers of our 
subject being: Page, who has always been associated with Elmore 
F. in business projects; and John, who is connected >vith the Wash- 
ington University at Seattle. The sisters are: Alice, the wife of 
Walter Reynolds, of Los Angeles, California; and Emma, the wife 
of Tom Gray, one of the first commissioners imder the commission 
form of government in Keokuk, Iowa. 

After acquiring his education in the countiy schools of his native 
state Elmore F. Boyles went to Arizona where he was employed as a 
miner and engineer in connection with the mines and afterward be- 
came boss of the company boarding house at Tombstone, Arizona. 
He there continued from 1886 until 1891, and in the latter year came 
to Spokane, bringing with him five thousand dollars which he had 
saved from his earnings. Soon all of this was lost and in 1896 he 
went to the mines on a prospecting trip, there continuing imtil 1899. 
He then returned to Spokane with his brother Page and their com- 
bined capital consisted of about five cents. The two brothers have 
never been separated, have had but one bank account and have ever 
worked and shared together in a rare example of brotherly love and 
devotion. Elmore F. Boyles has always taken the initiative, but Page 

126 CImore Jf. jioplcg 

Boyles has the executive ability, and thus the labors of each forms a 
complement to the labors of the other. They have shared together 
almost untold hardships and difficulties, and it was an arduous fight 
to gain a start after their return to Spokane, but in April, 1899, they 
estabhshed a diamond drill business under the name of the Inland 
Empire Cooperative Mining Company. The original members were 
to take interests in property and drill prospect holes, assessing their 
own stock for the purj)ose of paying for the work. By the first of 
August they had ten thousand dollars in bank subject to check. 
After two years of failure to develop anything of value, the stock- 
holders decided to put up no more money and the Boyles brothers 
turned to contracting with their outfit. They have since engaged in 
this undertaking and have built up a large business, bringing them in 
about eighteen thousand dollars annually. Operating under the name 
of the Boyles Brothers, they are known throughout this section of the 
comitry as men of marked business cahbre and enterprise, resource- 
ful far beyond the majority. 

The process of the business development of Elmore F. Boyles 
and his brother is most interesting. As previously stated, he takes 
the initiative and his brother the executive management. In 1891 he 
sold some stock for A. L. White in the Old Ironsides mine, receiv- 
ing as his commission two thousand shares. He regarded it practi- 
cally as worthless but held it until 1900, in wliich year it became valu- 
able. At the solicitation of Page Boyles, who has the utmost faith in 
the ability of his brother to accomplish whatever he sets out to do, El- 
more F. Boyles in 1903 decided to erect a building. His cash capital, 
consisting of only fifty dollars, was put up in an option on part of lots 
4, 5 and 6, block 25, Glover's resurvey addition to Spokane on Madi- 
son street, a half block south of Riverside. The price of the property 
was four thousand dollars. He sold Old Ironsides stock for twenty- 
five hundred dollars, and at that time was drawing a salary of fifteen 
hundred dollars as manager of the Diamond Drill Mining Company. 
He paid for the lot and with seventeen hundred dollars which came 
to him from his wife he immediatelj- contracted for the building of 
the basement of the property for twelve hundred dollars. It seemed 
that luck was with him, and yet it was because those who became his 
associates in the business project felt faith in his ability and indefatig- 
able industry. About that time through the agency of Andrew Shaw 
he met a man from the Pacific States Investment Company who de- 
cided to put up the money for the Boyles Brothers for the erection of 
a two-story brick building covering part of the ground, the cost to be 
sixteen thousand dollars. Through George Braley they were en- 

Clmorc :f . jBopleg 127 

abled to obtain fm-niture from the Grote Rankin Company to the 
amount of seven thousand dollars, Mr. Bralej' standing his security. 
The rental of the building and the wages of the brothers enabled Mr. 
Boyles to develop the property until it is one of the finest apartment 
buildings of tliis city, known as Granby Court, so named in compli- 
ment to the Granby Company, whose stock was really responsible for 
the building. This is now a three-story and basement structure, con- 
taining seventy-five rooms, with all modern improvements, represent- 
ing an outlay of forty-two thousand dollars for the buikhng and fif- 
teen thousand dollars for the furniture. In this enterprise, Elmore 
Boyles has justified the faith of liis brother as to his abihty. He and 
his wife are conducting the house, which is one of the most desirable 
apartment houses of Spokane. Thus from comparative poverty and 
obscurity JNIr. Boyles has steadily worked his way upward until he is 
now well known in the business circles of the northwest. 

On the 24th of May, 1904, INIr. Boyles was united in marriage to 
Mrs. E. A. DeVol. In politics he is a republican, active in the work 
of the party and hberal in its support. The day on which he attained 
his majority he signed a petition for admission to the Masonic frater- 
nity, which was acted upon that same night in Clayton coimty, Iowa. 
A committee was immediately organized and in thirty days he was 
accepted and initiated. He has since been a loyal representative of 
the craft and is now affihated \\ith Spokane Lodge, No. 34, F. & A. 
M. He is also a hfe member of the Spokane Athletic Club, of which 
he became an early representative. He is a contributing member to 
the Chamber of Commerce and is also a steady and liberal contribu- 
tor to charity, accomplishing much good in this way. Moreover, he is 
ever ready to extend a helping hand to those who are attempting 
to make their way upward. He remembers his own struggles and is 
quick to encourage and assist young men of enterprise, determina- 
tion and honorable purpose. 

[CCUPYING a place in the foremost ranks of those 

05wl ^^° ^^^^ made a fortmie in the development and 
stg exploitation of the timber lands of the west is 
^ Marcus D. Wright, who resides at Hayden Lake, 
Kootenai county, Idaho. A native of the Missis- 
sippi valley, he came west in 1871, at the age of 
twenty years, his birth having occurred in Bowling Green, Kentucky, 
April 16, 1851. His parents were John W. and Mary (Gibson) 
Wright, the former a prominent Baptist minister of Kentucky. 

Marcus D. Wright obtained his education in the common schools 
of Kentucky and at the age of sixteen years entered business life as 
a salesman for a pump concern in St. Joseph, Missouri. He was 
employed in this capacity for four years when he gave up his position 
and went west, locating in Montana. There he conducted a freight- 
ing business in summer and drove a stage during the vnnter for the 
following six years. In 1877 he accompanied General Sherman on 
his tour of inspection of all the frontier posts, covering the territory 
extending from Montana over the old Mullen road to Walla Walla, 
Washington. Subsequently he resided in Colfax, Whitman county, 
Washington, where he drove a stage until 1878. In that year he 
came to Spokane and engaged in the livery business, buying out the 
stable owned by James N. Glover. In 1881 he gave up this enter- 
prise and went to Idaho to look over the prospects for an investment 
in real estate. Finding a suitable tract of land, he purchased a half- 
interest in forty acres from C. W. Wood and on that site laid out 
the town of Westwood, now known as Rathdrum. In conjunction 
with George B. Wannacott he called a meeting of the residents of 
this locality and organized Kootenai county. He was appointed the 
first assessor and tax collector, as well as deputy sheriff, serving in 
these positions until the first general elections of the county. In Oc- 
tober, 1882, during the great mining excitement in this section of the 
country, Mr. Wright took the first pack train into Pritchard Creek, 
Eagle City, Idaho. Two years later he engaged in business at Rath- 
drum, Idaho, conducting a general mercantile establishment and also 
contracting to railroads for the sale of timber and ties. The latter 

132 jHarcug B. Wivigfyt 

branch of his business increased so rapidly that he discontinued his 
general mercantile establishment and has since that time concentrated 
his entire attention upon the lumber business, furnishing lumber sup- 
phes mainly to the Northern Pacific Railroad. Within the last 
twenty-three years he has supplied approximately twenty million ties 
which, at a rough estimate, would be sufficient, if laid end to end, to 
circle the globe. He was also financially interested in the First Na- 
tional Bank of Coeur d'Alene, of which he was president for several 
years, resigning in 1910 in order to devote his undivided attention to 
his lumber interests. 

On March 18, 1881, Mr. Wright was united in marriage to Miss 
Bertie Piper, a daughter of Dr. John J. Piper, of Peone Prairie, 
Washington, who was for twelve years one of the county commis- 
sioners of Sj^okane county, Washington. Mrs. Wright passed away 
in 1901, being survived by her husband and seven children, two sons 
and five daughters. In 1903 Mr. Wright was again married, his sec- 
ond union being with Mrs. Marie Bennett, a step-daughter of A. M. 
Cannon, of Spokane, Washington. Fraternally Mr. Wright is con- 
nected with the Elks Lodge, No. 228, of Spokane; the Knights of 
Pythias, of Coeur d'Alene; and the Odd Fellows of Coeur d'Alene. 
The Wright home is known as one of the handsome residences of this 
locahty, being situated at Hayden Lake, on one of the finest farms 
in the state of Idaho, a tract of land comprising about six hundred 
acres. It contains a fish preserve covering an area equivalent to one 
himdred and sixty acres, which is filled with black bass and trout, and 
affords some of the finest opportunities for fishing in the state. 
Never losing sight of the goal which lay before him, ]Mr. Wright has 
been steadfast in the pursuit of his ideals and by dint of close appli- 
cation and unceasing effort has won his reward in the generous meas- 
ure of success which has been his. 



5ol)n ^apmer 

|OHN RAYMER, banker and merchant, has contrib- 
uted in substantial measure to the business develop- 
ment and growth of Reardan and at the same time 
has been an active factor in political circles, honored 
with election to the office of representative, while in 
liis home community he has been continuously in 
office since the organization of the town. He was born in Calhoun 
county, Michigan, June 15, 1856, and is a son of Peter and INIary 
(Bates) Raymer, both of whom were natives of New York, whence 
they removed to Michigan where the father followed the occupation 
of farming. 

John Raymer spent his early youth in his parents' home, attend- 
ing the public schools of Calhoun county, Michigan, but at the age 
of fifteen left home and sought employment in the lumber camps of 
the northern part of the state. That he was industrious and faithful 
is indicated by the fact that he worked for one company for seven 
years and four years he served as foreman. In 1884 he came to the 
west with Seattle as his destination and after remaining there for a 
short time made his way to Vancouver Island. He next went to 
Spokane and in December, 1885, removed to Davenport, where he 
engaged in farming for a year or two. On the expiration of that 
period he turned his attention to the lumber business which he fol- 
lowed north of Davenport, and in 1888 he purchased a half interest 
in a sawmill which he afterward removed to north of ]Mondovi. In 
1890 he sold that business and came to Reardan, where in partnership 
with O. A. Menger he opened the first hardware store in the towai. 
The enterprise prospered and after foiu* years Mr. Raymer pur- 
chased his partner's interest, conducting the business alone. In 1901 
he erected the present large brick building which he now occupies 
and he has also built three warehouses and extended the scope of his 
commercial activities by adding to his store a line of furniture. His 
establishment is one of the best equipped and the largest in the county 
and in addition to its conduct Mr. Raymer figin-es prominently in 
financial circles as a stockholder and director of the Reardan Ex- 
change Bank while in 1911, following the death of Mr. Moriarty, he 

136 3^o|)n jRapmcr 

was elected president of that institution. In 1906 John Raymer with 
several other gentlemen organized the Chamokane Lumber Com- 
pany, of which he serves as president. This company owns sixteen 
thousand acres of land in Stevens county and a sawmill in Lincoln 
county. His business interests are thus of a character that contribute 
largely to general progress and prosperity as well as to individual 

On the 4th of May, 1892, occurred the marriage of Mr. Raymer 
and Miss Hattie Latham, a native of Canada, and they have four 
children, Norman, John C, Nelson and Elizabeth. The parents are 
vddely and favorably known in Lincoln county and Mr. Raymer is 
regarded as a valued member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows in which he takes an active part. His political allegiance is given 
to the democratic party and in 1900 he was elected on its ticket to 
represent Lincoln county in the house of representatives where he 
served for one term. That he has the confidence and good-will of 
his fellow townsmen is indicated by the fact that he has continuously 
served in the city council since the organization of the town. He has 
been a liberal subscriber to all enterprises and a generous supporter 
of all public movements of his town and county and has thus main- 
tained an even balance in his life with his well directed business aflfairs 
which have made him one of the most successful men in Lincoln 

S^. (jQ^<^^L/ 

Cbtoarb ^. Eogg 

IDWARD S. ROSS, of the Ross Investment Com- 
pany, has contributed to the development and im- 
provement of tlie city through well conducted busi- 
ness interests that add not only to individual suc- 
cess but also to the public prosperity. His birth 
occurred at Penfield, New York, October 26, 1853, 
and of that state his parents, Oliver C. and Betsey (Sherman) Ross, 
were early settlers. The father devoted his attention to farming 
while in the east and in the year 1884 he came to Spokane with his 
family, which then consisted of himself, wife and two sons, Edward 
S. and George L., both now of this citj' and a daughter. The par- 
ents have traveled life's journey happilj' together for sixty-two j-ears 
and now at the advanced ages of eighty-eight and eighty-seven years 
respectively are living with their daughter, Mrs. Frances Linfield, the 
widow of George Linfield. 

After acquiring his early education in the public schools of 
Rochester, New York, and pursuing a more advanced course in 
Rochester Collegiate Institute, Edward S. Ross became his father's 
assistant in farming operations in the Empire state and was thus en- 
gaged mitil the famil}^ came to Spokane in 1884. For three years 
thereafter he did general work in and around the city and then se- 
cured a quarter section of land in the valley, upon which he began 
market gardening and fruit growing. He was the first in this sec- 
tion to cultivate asparagus and tomatoes for the market and such 
was the excellence of his products that he was soon accorded a good 
market for all that he raised. He later acquired other property 
adjoining his original tract and while at first tliis was a long way 
from the city, the boundaries of Spokane have since been extended 
until his property has been included within the corporation Hmits and 
is now known as the Rossvale addition. For a considerable period 
Mr. Ross continued the raising of vegetables and fruit, and the suc- 
cess of the business enabled him to make investments along other 
lines. Thus from time to time he extended his interests and is now 
president of the Ross Coal Company, which he organized for the 
conduct of a wholesale coal business in Spokane. He was likewise 

140 Cbtparb ^. jRogg 

the organizer of the Ross Investment Company and remained as its 
general manager until 1908 since wliich time he has been its presi- 
dent. He is stiE interested in the project and the company today 
has a large clientage. He is also a heavj^ projierty owner not only 
in this city but throughout the Spokane country and also has large 
landed possessions in the Kootenai valley. 

On the 4th of September, 1879, Mr. Ross was married to Miss 
Mary Clark, a daughter of Orrin and Jeannette (Millard) Clark, 
of Penfield, New York. They have become parents of five cliildren : 
Linfield S., who is acting as secretary and treasurer of the Ross In- 
vestment Company ; Elwyn G., vice president of the same company ; 
Orrin Clark, who is an artist, employed by the McDermid Engrav- 
ing Company, of Spokane; Edward Wayland, who is an apprentice 
in the latter company; and Edna, the wife of Laiu-ence M. Parker, 
of Bonners Ferry, Idaho. 

Mr. Ross is a charter member of Grace Baptist church, which his 
family attend. He has never sought to figure prominently in club 
circles or in public connections outside of his business interests. He 
has closely applied himself to the tasks that have been his, and since 
he has successfully accomphshed the work in hand he has turned 
his attention to other projects. He has never regarded any position 
as final but rather as the starting point for successful accomplish- 
ment in other directions and through his individual merit, ability, 
close application and unremitting industry, he has gained a credit- 
able position as one of the leading business men of Spokane. 


iHark Mootr jfHerritt 

OTABLE among the proprietors of heavy landed 

Nyij, interests in Washington is Mark Wood Merritt, of 
Y^ Rosalia, Whitman county, now living a life of com- 
\5 I parative retirement. He was born in Pike county, 
JNIissouri, October 4, 1854, his parents being Thomas 
and Susan (Suddreth) Merritt, both natives of Vir- 
ginia. The Merritt family is of French origin, the grandfather, 
Nicholas Merritt, and the great-grandfather both having been born 
in France. The latter took part in the Revolutionary war and the 
grandfather, who settled in Maryland, was a soldier in the War of 

Mark Wood Merritt was educated in the common schools of 
Pike county, Missouri, and pursued his studies until 1873, when he 
devoted his entire time to assisting his father in the work of the farm, 
thus continuing until 1877. In that ,year he rented a farm in Mis- 
souri and continued farming on his own account in that state until 
the spring of 1882, when he decided to remove to Wliitman county, 
Washington. After arriving in this state he settled two miles east 
of Rosalia where he took up one hundred and sixty acres of govern- 
ment land and from time to time increased liis holdings until he now 
possesses eight hundred acres in that community. He also owns 
twenty thousand and eighty acres in Douglas county, Washington. 
He has given a great deal of attention to the raising of stock, his 
specialty being the breeding of fine horses of which he owns one 
hundred and fifty-three head. During his active career as a horse- 
breeder he achieved a national reputation having sold his horses in 
all parts of the United States. Another important branch of his 
farming activity was dairj^ing, his operations along that line being 
quite extensive. Beside the heavy landed interests Mr. Merritt pos- 
sesses, he is also a director of the First National Bank of Rosalia, a 
director in the Rosalia Telephone Company and a director and the 
president of the Rosalia Supply Company. 

Mark Wood Merritt was married to Miss Edna Wells in Pike 
county, Missouri, in 1878. She is a daughter of William E. and 
Martha (McCoy) Wells, both natives of the state of Missouri. To 

144 jflark Wiooii jWierritt 

this union were born four children: Henry, residing in Whitman 
county, who is married and has two sons ; Martha, the wife of Allen 
McClaine, of Pearl, Washington, and the mother of two daughters; 
Richard, yet at home; and Jesse, who died at the age of nineteen 

The political allegiance of Mr. Merritt is given to the democratic 
party, for the measures and candidates of which he always casts his 
vote and he has held the office of road supervisor for eight years. 
He also takes a great interest in educational matters, having been a 
member of the local school board for twelve years. Fraternally he 
is a member of the Masonic order and of the Woodmen of the World. 
He is also active in his membership in the Commercial Club of 

Prime factors which have conduced to the attainment of Mr. 
Merritt's unusually prosperous and useful business career have been 
his great business ability, his untiring industry, Ms habits of economy 
and the wise direction and management of the properties which he 
began to accumulate comparatively early in life. He started out in 
the business world single-handed and alone to carve a career which 
logically followed as the result of his own well directed efforts along 
business lines. He had the courageous spirit in abundance and was 
not afraid to make investments which his common sense and intuition 
told him would prove profitable. He reveled in work, took a keen 
interest in the management of his business affairs and gave unflag- 
ging attention to all the details which a business life entails. After 
serving his cormnmiity and in fact the district at large in the use- 
ful ways outlined above Mr. Merritt has been enabled at a com- 
paratively early time in life to retire from the active and more 
onerous duties which he followed long and successfully. In return 
he is now enjoying life, siuTOunded by an extensive circle of warm 
personal and business friends among whom he has always been held 
in the highest esteem and regarded with the greatest respect. 

J^tar?'Y -Jrer/f 

?|arrp (§reen 

HERE'S a whole lot of us that are poorer since he's 

Till, gone, for he was a man whose friendship was worth 
1x5 more than money," was a tribute paid to Harry- 
's ' Green when he was called from this hf e. It was but 
one of many such expressions that were heard on 
ever)^ hand and among all who knew him, for he was 
a whole-souled, generous man, possessed of a large fund of humor 
and a kindly disposition. 

He was born at Prenn, in the province of Poland, August 10, 
1863, and was therefore more than forty-seven years of age when 
he passed away at the Hotel Ridpath in Spokane on the 14th of 
December, 1910. His parental name was Harry Gurinsky, which by 
due process of law he had changed to Green after coming to Spo- 
kane. After coming to America, when fifteen years of age, he spent 
several years in Texas, where he was engaged in various pursuits, 
and in 1891 he arrived in this city. From that time forward he was 
particularly prominent in the sporting circles of the Pacific coast as 
the owner of fine racing stables, as a breeder of fine dogs, as a pro- 
moter of baseball and in other ways. The element of chance in any- 
thing always awakened in him interest and yet he had the quahties 
too, of a conservative business man of sound judgment, as was mani- 
fest in liis investments in property and valuable stocks. In October, 
1900, he acquired a one-half interest in the Club cafe, being an equal 
partner with Messrs. Scott and Sorg, this relation continuing for 
ten years or until the death of INIr. Green. He owned a racing stable 
for several years, entering his horses for the big stakes offered by 
the Oakland, Los Angeles, Portland, Seattle and Spokane racing 
associations. His horse Royalty was the winner of the Seattle and 
Spokane derbies of 1903. In California he was a conspicuous figure 
for the heavj' stakes which he put upon his favorites and one of the 
San Francisco papers therefore called him "The Duke of Spokane," 
which sobriquet clung to him for years. 

It was Mr. Green who took hold of the baseball team of Spokane 
when it was at the bottom of a long list of city teams and promoted 
its interests until the team became a recognized factor in baseball 

148 Harrp @recn 

circles in the northwest. In 1902, long before baseball had been 
placed on its present businesslike basis, Mr. Green purchased an 
interest in the Spokane Northwestern League Club and as the result 
of his efforts he gave Spokane one of its best and most popular ball 
teams. He promoted Spokane's first aviation meet, largely financing 
the movement which brought Hamilton, the well known aviator, to 
this city. He hkewdse became interested in the theati-ical world 
through liis intimate friend, John Considine of Seattle, and was the 
owTier of stock in the Orpheinn and the Wasliington theaters of Spo- 
kane and also in Vancouver theaters. He was a promoter of boxing 
contests and the owner of one of the finest kennels of the northwest. 

On the 18th of June, 1892, Mr. Green was imited in marriage to 
Miss Enmia Thatcher, of Spokane, who survived him together with 
three brothers, an uncle, a cousin and an adopted cliild, Helene J. 
He left his widow most comfortably provided for by reason of his 
well directed investments in business. He at times met heavy losses 
in his sporting interests but no one ever heard him complain of this. 

When he passed away words of regret were heard on every hand 
and such tributes were paid to him as : "I knew him for twenty years 
and I never knew him to do a mean trick." Another said: "Harry 
Green was the most popular man Spokane ever had. He had a per- 
sonal sjieaking acquaintance with thousands and always a good word 
for all of them." Another said: "When you say that Green was 
a lover of fine horses and fine dogs, you can pay him no higher com- 
pliment, for there's alwaj's a lot of good in such a man. With ani- 
mals he was gentle — just as he was with his friends." Death came 
to him after a twelve days' illness with pneumonia and impressive 
funeral services were held in the Eagles Hall, which proved entirely 
too small to accommodate his many friends who gathered to pay 
their last tribute of friendship and respect to him. One of the local 
papers said: "Scarcely less impressive than the outpouring of friends 
at the funeral exercises were the floral tributes. The entire south 
end of the hall, the rostrum and the casket in front of it were hterally 
buried in flowers. There were roses, carnations, chrysanthemums, 
lilies and smilax worked into the most elaborate designs." Judge 
J. Stanley Webster, president of the order, paid high tribute to him 
in a brief address, saying: "He was both a friend and a brother. 
He valued liberty, love and the truth and was just in his dealings 
with all men. He believed in the hereafter and in God. He did 
what he thought was right at all times and he has gone to his reward." 
His friends were fovmd in every rank and walk of life, a fact which 
indicated his intellectual hospitality. He had the faculty of putting 

^arrp «rcen 


all at ease in his presence and his whole life seemed to radiate good 
natiu-e and kindliness. It is said that he was particularly the friend 
of the man who is "down and out" — a characteristic that is found in 
few and indicates a nature that is indeed commendable. He was 
indeed always held in higli esteem for his personal integrity, his thor- 
ough manliness, his whole-hearted spirit and liis generosity. 

MtUtam S. ^cott 

SILLIAM D. SCOTT, a member of the law firm of 

WfJf Scott & Campbell, specializing somewhat in mining 
]^ and corporation law although still continuing in gen- 
v«-c eral practice, was born in Elizabeth, Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania, October 8, 1861. His father, 
John V. Scott, was a native of the same county and 
represented a family of Scotch-Irish and Dutch descent although 
founded in America prior to the Revolutionaiy war, in which rep- 
resentatives of the name participated. He was drafted for service 
in the Civil war but had just passed forty-five, which is the age limit, 
and was, therefore, not compelled to go to the front. One of his 
younger brothers, however, was with the Union army in active duty 
in the south. John V. Scott devoted his life to general agricultural 
pursuits and was a prominent and influential citizen in his home 
locality. He wedded Nancy Ann Nichols, also a native of Pennsyl- 
vania and of English and German descent. The death of the father 
occurred in 1894 and the mother lives on the old homestead about two 
miles from Elizabeth. Their family numbered four sons and three 
daughters: William D.; James H., a practicing attorney of Bur- 
lington, Iowa; Joel F., a physician of Wilson, Pennsylvania; John 
K., who is living on the old homestead with his mother; Lizzie R., the 
wife of James Van Kirk, a ci\nl engineer of West Ne\vi;on, Penn- 
sylvania; Jennie M., the wife of Homer Brinton, a banker of Ells- 
worth, Iowa; and Nannie L., the wife of James Biddison, a farmer, 
of Palmdale, California. 

William D. Scott supplemented his preliminarj' school training 
by study in the Washington and Jefferson College of Pennsylvania 
and afterward attended the University of Michigan, being graduated 
from its law department in 1888 with the LL.B. degree. He had 
followed farming until he went to college and for one winter had 
engaged in teaching school. After the completion of his course in 
the Michigan University he was admitted to the bar of that state and 
then came to Spokane for the practice of law, arri^^ng in the city 
on the 28th of August, 1888. For one year he remained alone in 
practice and then joined the firm of Conner, Henly & Scott. This 
connection was maintained for a year and during the succeeding two 

154 giagtniam b. ^cott 

years he was a partner of JSIr. Henly. He afterward practiced 
alone for four years and on the expiration of that period was joined 
in a partnership relation by Mr. Rosslow under the firm style of 
Scott & Rosslow. They were together for seven or eight years and 
then again Mr. Scott was alone for a time, after which he entered 
into his present partnership as senior member of the firm of Scott & 
Campbell. They conduct a general law j)ractice of considerable ex- 
tent and importance and are specializing to some degree in mining 
and corporation law, representing the Methow Gold Mining Com- 
pany together with other well known corporations, including the 
United Copper Mining Company. JNIr. Scott is also a trustee of 
the Midway Summit Mining & Milling Company of Burke, Idaho, 
which has recently been reincorporated, its property promising big 
returns in silver and lead. It is now being developed and has already 
made a most satisfactory showing. 

The pleasant home life of Mr. Scott had its inception in his mar- 
riage on the 26th of December, 1901, in Spokane, to Mrs. Nette E. 
Lewis, a daughter of Ferdinand J. A. and Anna W. (Abel) Martin, 
pioneer residents of Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. ISlv. and Mrs. Scott 
have many friends in this city and the hospitalitj^ of a large number 
of Spokane's attractive homes is extended to them. In his political 
views Mr. Scott is a republican interested in the success and growth of 
the party which he has represented as a delegate in several state con- 
ventions and was also named as alternate to one of the national conven- 
tions. He is weU fitted for leadership and his work has been an ef- 
fective force for progress in party ranks. Moreover, his district, ap- 
preciative of his worth, elected him representative to the legislature 
in 1905 and again to the state senate in 1907, and while numbered 
among Washington's lawmakers he gave most careful consideration 
to each question which came up for settlement, voting with due re- 
gard for the best interests of the commonwealth at large. He is also 
deeply interested in the welfare and upbuilding of Spokane, which 
has prompted his cooperation in the work of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, in which he holds membership. He is a Royal Arch Mason, a 
member of the Woodmen of the World and the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, having filled all of the offices in the local lodge of 
the latter. He is likewise a life member of the Spokane Athletic 
Club and is qualified to become a member of the Sons of the American 
Revolution. Mr. Scott is widely known in this city, where he has 
made his home for almost a quarter of a century, taking active and 
helpful interest in everything pertaining to its substantial upbuild- 
ing and improvement. 

MiUiam 3, button 

jILLIAlNI J. SUTTON, prominently known in con- 
nection with financial interests in eastern Washing- 
ton as president of the Security National Bank of 
Cheney, has reached his present enviable position 
through indefatigable energy, keen discrimination 
and unfaltering enterprise. Moreover, realizing that 
real estate is the safest of all investments, he has made extensive pur- 
chases of land near Cheney and in Adams county. In other connec- 
tions, too, he has figured prominently as a leading individual and 
progressive citizen, deserving especial credit for his efforts in behalf 
of education, the Cheney Normal School largely owing its existence 
to his self-sacrificing efforts and liis high ideals along educational 

Mr. Sutton is a native of Lapeer county, Michigan, born Septem- 
ber 29, 1865. His parents, Levi L., and Sarah J. (Goodenough) 
Sutton, were pioneer residents of the Wolverine state. He pursued 
his education in the public schools of Michigan and in the Fenton 
Normal School, from which he was graduated with the class of 1886. 
Coming west in 1887, he located in Cheney and organized its first 
graded public school. For three years he devoted his time and ef- 
forts untiringly to systematizing the work and developing the in- 
terests of the public school system here and in 1890, when the Cheney 
Normal School was established, he was chosen vice principal and 
professor of mathematics, continuing to serve in the dual position for 
a year and a half. On the expiration of that period he was made 
principal and so continued until 1897. During that time the main 
building was erected, the money for which was largely acquired 
through the untiring efforts of Professor Sutton. After the old 
normal school building was destroyed by fire the maintenance appro- 
priation passed by the legislature was vetoed but Professor Sutton 
continued to conduct the school without an appropriation fund. In 
this way he became able to obtain the money for a new building. 
His services in the educational field have been of inestimable value 
in the intellectual progress of this section and have constituted an 
important element in upbuilding the high standards of the state in 
this connection. 



WaHiam 3- button 

In 1897, however, Professor Sutton severed liis identification 
with educational interests as an active factor and turned his attention 
to agricultural and banking interests, giving his time and energies 
throughout the intervening period of fifteen years to his personal 

On the 10th of March, 1897, Mr. Sutton was united in marriage 
to ]\Iiss Nellie G. Hutchinson, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. David 
Hutchinson, of Auburn, New York. Her parents were early set- 
tlers of the Empire state and Mrs. Sutton is a graduate of the State 
Normal School at Oswego, New York. Mr. Sutton is the present 
junior grand warden of the gi-and lodge of Masons in the state. He 
belongs also to the Odd Fellows and to the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks. Mr. and Mrs. Sutton attend the Congregational 
church and are prominent socially, having an extensive circle of warm 
friends not only in Cheney but throughout the district in which they 
have long resided. In all those ventures which contribute most to 
the upbuilding and progress of a community Mr. Sutton has been 
deeply interested and his labors have been fruitful of good results. 
The simple weight of his character and ability has carried him into 
important relations and he has that confidence and courage that come 
of conscious personal ability, right conception of things and an 
habitual regard for what is best in the exercise of human activities. 

\Mui r^^^^^^-^^L-i-i^ M^>t^/;^u-cA^ 

James; Calbin Cunningham 


J^L first to engage in practical irrigation in the Spokane 
r^ valley and in this as in other fields of labor he has 
jl^ contributed in large measure to the substantial de- 
velopment and progress of this section of the coun- 
try. His name has figured prominently in financial 
circles for a long period and he is now vice president and manager of 
what was originally the Union Tiiist & Savings Bank of Spokane 
and is noAv the Union Trust & Sa\'ings Bank. He was born in Prince 
Edward county, Ontario, Canada, on the 10th of March, 1864, a son 
of James Robert Cunningham. The public schools of his native land 
afforded him his early educational privileges and following the re- 
moval of the family to South Dakota in 1881 he attended the Dakota 
Agricultural College of Brookings. In the meantime, however, he 
had made his initial step in the business world as an employe in a mer- 
cantile house in Chicago and while pursuing his college course his 
summer months were devoted to teaching, examination having won 
for him a first-grade certificate. Thinking to take up the profession 
of law as a life work he became a student in the office and under the 
direction of Judge Glass, of Watertown, South Dakota, and while 
thus studying he also occupied a position in the county treasurer's 
office of Hamlin county. 

Attracted by the rapidly growing west, Mr. Cunningham came to 
Spokane in 1889 and opened a real-estate and insurance office. In 
that field he gradually worked his way upward, becoming recognized 
as one of the leading insurance men of the northwest. From 1897 
until 1906 he acted as special agent and adjuster for several Ameri- 
can fire insurance companies, his territoiy including the states of 
Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Utah and Montana. Throughout that 
period he traveled extensively in these states and it would be difficult 
to find one more familiar with the country, its present conditions and 
its future possibilities than he. Seeing oppoii;unity for judicious in- 
vestments he became interested in farm lands in eastern Washing- 
ton and northern Idaho and in order to handle his property to better 
advantage organized a company in 1906 which has since operated 

162 Sfameg Calbtn Cunntngfiam 

under the name of the Cunningham Realty Company. He took up 
the study of irrigation and was one of the first to introduce practical 
irrigating methods into the Spokane valley. He saw the rich resoui'ces 
of the country and became a most active factor in the development 
of the northwest, his labors proving of great benefit to the district as 
well as a source of substantial revenue to himself. In 1903 he or- 
ganized the Valley Improvement Company which purchased and put 
under irrigation large tracts of land in the Spokane valley. On the 
organization of the company Mr. Cunningham became its president 
and still continues as its chief executive officer. His labors in that 
field were so successful that he further extended his efforts by pur- 
chasing the controlling interest in and reorganizing the Spokane Val- 
lej^ Land & Water Company in 1904. As its president he remained 
at the head of its affairs for some time but eventually disposed of his 
interests to D. C. Corbin. He had continued in the insurance field 
until 1906, when he severed all connection with that business and as- 
sisted in organizing the Union Tnist Company of Spokane (later the 
Union Trust & Savings Bank), of which he was elected secretary- 
treasurer and manager. He served in that capacity for five years 
and at the annual meeting in 1912 he was elected vice president and 
manager of the bank and a member of the executive committee. Thus 
he is closely associated %vith the financial interests of the city. In 1905 
he had established the Tnistee Company of Spokane and was its presi- 
dent until he took up the duties of the Union Trust Company. His 
connection with the foiTner concern still continues in the capacity of 
director. In 1907 he became the organizer of the Spokane Title Com- 
pany, of which he has continuously served as president. His financial 
activities have not been confined to Spokane for he became one of the 
promoters of the Connell National Bank of Connell, Washington, 
and was equally instnmiental in organizing the Okanogan State Bank 
of Riverside, Washington, of both of which he is still a director. He 
has been a director of the Fidelity National Bank of Spokane for 
a number of years and is a stockholder of the Union Securities Com- 
pany of this city and in the Reardan Exchange Bank of Reardan, 
Washington. He finds ready solution for intricate financial prob- 
lems and his ability to coordinate forces into a unified and harmonious 
whole has been one of the potent elements in his success. 

Pleasantly situated in his home life, ISIr. Cunningham was married 
in Brookings, South Dakota, in 1889, to ISIiss Sarah A. Haber, a 
daughter of Jacob Haber, and unto them have been born five children 
but the eldest, Ila W., died in July, 1908, at the age of eighteen years. 

STamcg Calbin Cunntngtiam 163 

and a little daughter died in infancy. Those still living are James 
Russel, Dorothy Helen and Roben Wesley. 

Mr. Cunningham and liis family attend the First Methodist Epis- 
copal church, in which he has served as secretaiy of the board of trus- 
tees for sixteen years. He is also one of the trustees of the Deaconess 
Pension Fund Society, a national organization established in July, 
1909. He cooperates in various projects for the growth of the church 
and the expansion of its work and in this as in business fields his labors 
are practical and resultant. He became one of the organizers and 
procured the charter for the Maria Beard Deaconess Home and Hos- 
pital and is president of its board of trustees. His hearty sympathy 
with ail projects and measures for the moral uplift of mankind has 
been manifest in many tangible ways. He became one of the foun- 
ders of the Young Men's Christian Association, assisted in erecting 
its building in Spokane, is now sending on its board of directors and is 
chairman of its finance committee. He has been equally loyal to the 
cause of public education and served for a number of years on the 
school board of Spokane. 

During his early residence in Washington Mr. Cunningham was 
a member of the Washington National Guard, and during the Span- 
ish-American war he reenlisted as a member of Company L of the 
United States Volunteers. His fraternal relations are with Imperial 
Lodge, No. 134, I. O. O. F.; Oriental Lodge, No. 74, F. & A. M., in 
which he holds a life membership; Spokane Chapter, No. 2, R. A. 
M.; Cataract Commandeiy, No. 3, K. T.; Oriental Consistory, No. 
2 ; and El Katif Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He is also a member 
of the Spokane University and Country Clubs. In 1910 he was 
elected one of the trustees of the Spokane Interstate Fair and at all 
times he readily cooperates in the projects for the development and 
upbuilding of the northwest. He enters into any work with con- 
tagious enthusiasm and zeal and never stops short of the successful 
accomplishment of his object. In no sense a man in public life, he has 
nevertheless exerted an immeasurable influence on the city of his resi- 
dence; in business circles as a financier and promoter of extensive in- 
dustrial, commercial and financial interests; in social circles by reason 
of his charming personality and unfeigned cordiality; in citizenship 
by reason of his public-spirited devotion to the general good as well 
as his comprehensive understanding of the questions affecting state 
and national welfare; and in those departments of activity which 
ameliorate hard conditions of life for the unfortunate by his benevo- 
lence and his liberalitv. 


M. ®. "Valentine, iW. B. 

jR. W. D. VALENTINE is the oldest continuous box- 

D-,, ,. holder in the Spokane postoffice, which indicates his 
Wji connection with the city from early pioneer times, his 
\5l residence here dating from 1884. While he has long 
stood in the front rank of his profession he has also 
become a prominent factor in mining circles and like 
many of the residents of the northwest has won substantial and grati- 
fying success in developing the rich mineral resources of the country. 
He was born in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, January 22, 1850, and 
when only three years of age was taken by his parents to Ogle county, 
Illinois. He was graduated from the Rock River College in 1870 
and continued his studies in the Northwestern University at Evan- 
ston, Illinois, where he won a degree in 1872, further supplementing 
his more specifically literary knowledge by a j^ear's study in the Illi- 
nois State University, from which he was graduated in 1873. His 
preparation for the practice of medicine was made in the Cliicago 
Medical College and in the Pulte INIedical College of Cincinnati, 
completing his com-se in the former in 187o and in the latter in 1877. 
He next entered the Ph}^sio-Medical Institute in Cincinnati and was 
graduated in 1880. While studying medicine he engaged in teaching 
for a time and was prominent among its educators who raised the 
standard of scholarship in Ogle county until the schools of that county 
won the gold medal at the Centennial Exposition of 1876. 

Dr. Valentine located for practice in Polo, Illinois, where he re- 
mained for two years, and then removed to Lanark, that state, where 
he resided until 1884. At that time he came to Spokane and in the 
intervening years has ever maintained a foremost position in the ranks 
of the medical profession in this city. He was on the high road to 
prosperity when the fire of 1889 occurred, bringing to him hea^T' 
losses. He worked untiringly and heroically to save property belong- 
ing to several of his neighbors and then finally turned to save his own, 
carrying out some of his oflfice effects which, however, were burned in 
the street. He was at length compelled to flee from his office and 
on reaching the foot of the stairs found the air full of fire, and as he 
crossed the street was badly burned, besides losing a verj- valuable 


168 ?8aai. B. ^alentim. jW. 3B. 

package of money and securities. A man who crossed just ahead of 
him was suffocated in the street. Such was the effect of this fiery 
ordeal upon the Doctor's lungs and upon the mucus lining of his 
stomach that for three years he was disquahfied for active business 
but finally recovered and resumed practice. He has kept pace with 
the march of improvement that has brought the medical profession to 
its present high standard of knowledge and efiiciency. His reading 
has been broad and his investigations and research have placed him 
wth those who speak authoritativelj' upon various branches of the 
medical science. JNIoreover, his duties have always been performed 
with a sense of conscientious obligation that has won the confidence 
and trust of his patrons. Dr. Valentine has also become widely known 
in connection with mining interests. For several years he was the vice 
president of the Federal Mining & Smelting Company and is now 
a stockholder in various other good propositions including the Elk 
City Mining Company, the Togo Mining Company and the United 
Copper Mining & Smelting Company, of all of which he is a director. 
He is deserving of the prominence and success that have come to liim 
not only by reason of his ability in his profession but also because he 
has proven a valuable factor in many of the activities which have 
counted as of most worth in the upbuilding of the city. 

On the 26th of Jime, 1909, Dr. Valentine was united in marriage 
to Mrs. Anna ]M. Hayes, who was also one of the pioneer residents 
of Spokane. He belongs to the Vincent IMethodist Episcopal church 
and is a prominent member of Samaritan Lodge, No. 52, I. O. O. F. 
In fact he has taken the various degrees in Odd Fellowship and has 
filled all of the chairs in the order, and also held office in the Grand 
Lodge and the Canton. He is now examining pliysician for Excel- 
sior Camp, No. 5124, M. W. A., and other camps of the organization, 
and also of the Royal Neighbors of America. He was one of the or- 
ganizers of the JNIodern Woodmen fraternity and was one of the three 
who named the order. He likewise belongs to Oriental Lodge, No. 74, 
F. & A. M., to the Brotherhood of American Yeomen, and for many 
years he has been a prominent and active member of the Pioneer As- 
sociation. Tn strictly professional lines his fraternal relations are 
with the County and State Medical Societies, the National ISfedical 
Association and the Medical Association of Physio-Medical Physi- 
cians and Surgeons. On matters of general history pertaining to 
Spokane he may well be consulted for few residents in this city have 
longer remained here and there are indeed few who have been in 
closer touch with the life and interests of the community. 

^^HE spirit of enterprise must be the dominant factor in 

TjjO the life of an individual who makes his way into a 
y^ new and undeveloped country, willing to meet the 
]?( difficulties and hardships incident to its upbuilding 
^^£:^ in order to enjoy the opportunities and advantages, 
there offered. Such a spirit was possessed in large 
measure by Rudolph Bowman Scott, who became one of the best 
known and most prominent men of the northwest. He possessed 
marked force of character and left the impress of his individuality 
upon all public movements or business concerns with which he be- 
came in any wise closely connected. He therefore did much for the 
benefit of the Spokane country through his activities in farming, real 
estate, mining, and fire and hfe insiu*ance. He arrived here in 1883, 
having made his way from Denver, Colorado, to Coeur d'Alene three 
years before. His labors were therefore an effective force in shaping 
the history of not only the western part of Washington but of the 
state in general. He was an American of Indian, African and Scotch 
extraction. His birth occurred in New Haven, Connecticut, Novem- 
ber 16, 1846, and he came of New England ancestry. His maternal 
grandfather was a Pequot Indian chief, who married a Scotch woman 
and fought on the side of liberty throughout the war of the Revolu- 
tion. His paternal grandfather was a West Indian African of the 
Toussaint rOuvertvn-e stock and the son of a Barbadoes planter sent 
to New Haven, Connecticut, to be educated at Yale College. 

Rudolph B. Scott pursued a coiu'se of study in the Lancasterian 
School of New Haven, Connecticut, where among his class-mates 
were four who afterward became governors. He learned the trade of 
a wood carver in Chauncey Jerome's clock manufacturing establish- 
ment in New Haven, Connecticut, but at the time of the Civil war put 
aside all business and personal considerations to espouse the cause of 
the Union. Already he had become deeply interested in political 
questions and in the situation of the country' prior to this time. He 
was a boy when in 1859 Abraham Lincoln made campaign speeches 
throughout Connecticut and in the celebration INIr. Scott carried a 
torch in the procession in New Haven. He and a brother enlisted for 


ilubolptj igotoman ^tott 

servnce in the Civil war. He was in the North Atlantic Squadron on 
board the United States gunboat Cliicopee and was one of the men 
that volunteered to accompanj^ Lieutenant Gushing when he blew up 
tlie rebel ram Albemarle. At the capture of Plymouth, North Caro- 
line, jNIr. Scott was severely wounded. Following the close of the war 
he engaged in mining in Colorado, New Mexico and Washington and 
was at one time connected with the United States mail service, being 
United States mail agent from Cliicago, Illinois, to Danville, at the 
time of the historic republican convention held in Chicago in 1880. 
While the three hundred and five delegates stood solid for U. S. 
Grant for president I\Ir. Scott held back forty thousand copies of the 
Cincinnati Enquirer which were full of abuse for General Grant and 
were intended to flood Cliicago and defeat Grant's nomination. The 
copies did not arrive until the day after the convention, too late to 
harm his old comrade. 

]Mr. Scott had an extended acquaintance among prominent men 
throughout the countiy and was one of the leading representatives 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, in the work and activities of 
which he took a very helpful part. He served on the staff of Com- 
mander Cosgrove of the department of Washington and Alaska, and 
was an aid-de-camp of the staif of Russell A. Alger, commander-in- 
chief of the Grand Army of the Republic. He also served as chief 
mustering officer of the department of Washington and Alaska and 
in 1893 Mas a member of the council of administration, while in 1894 
he was a delegate from Washington and Alaska to the twenty-fourth 
national encampment at Boston. He served as inspector of the de- 
partment in 1890 and five years later as cliief mustering officer. At 
Seattle, he was elected junior vice commander of the department of 
Washington and Alaska at the department encampment, on the 22d 
of June, 1889. Mr. Scott was also a delegate from Spokane county 
to the state convention that organized the state of Washington held at 
Walla Walla in September, 1889, and was a delegate to the state con- 
vention held at Seattle to elect delegates to the national convention at 

Mr. Scott came to the northwest in 1880 and spent three years in 
the Coeur d'Alene mining country. In 1883 he arrived in Spokane 
and was one of the first men to establish a fire and life insurance 
agency here, his company paying all claims in the great fire of 1889. 
For several years he was manager of the Pequot Mining & JNIiUing 
Company of Spokane. He continued actively in business until after 
the outbreak of the Spanish- American war, when he enlisted at Seat- 
tle on the 25th of April, 1898, as a private of Company B, First 

Jaubolpf) ^oljutnan ^tott 


Washington Veteran Artillery, continuing with that command until 
November 1, 1898, when by reason of the close of the war he was hon- 
orably discharged at Seattle with the rank of first lieutenant. He was 
called to public office in 1902 when appointment of I'resident Roose- 
velt made him United States Chinese inspector, which position he 
filled for four years, when in 1906 he resigned on account of ill health. 
It was three years later that he passed away, his death occurring 
March 2.3, 1909. 

]\Ir. Scott was survived by a widow and three children. On the 
4th of September, 1883, in Denver. Colorado, he had wedded Miss 
Adele A. Wagner, a daughter of H. O. and Susan (Lyons) Wagner. 
The father was a well known character in the anti-slavery days in 
connection with his service in the operation of the imderground rail- 
road. At one time at his home in Chicago he entertained John Brown, 
the martyr of Harper's Feny, and twelve fugitive slaves, all of whom 
he assisted on their way to freedom in Canada. H. O. Wagner, Jr., 
a brother of Mrs. Scott, was for five years United States consul at 
Lyons, France. Mrs. Scott was born in Chicago and by her marriage 
has become the mother of two sons and a daughter: Rudolph B., a civil 
engineer in the city service; Henry W., who is spending his time in 
Mexico and Panama; and Addie S., at home. Mrs. Scott has been 
quite prominent in the Woman's Relief Corps and was the patriotic 
instructor for the department of Washington and Alaska -which was 
installed June 22, 1899. She is also widely known in connection with 
her work in the Independent Order of Foresters, being the first 
vice chief ranger in the first companion court organized in the state of 
Washington. For the past twelve years she has been its financial 
secretary and in 1904 and 1905 was the department inspector. 

In addition to Mr. Scott's connection with the Grand Army of the 
Repubhc he was also prominent in various fraternal organizations. 
In Masoniy he attained the thirty-third degree of the Scottish Rite 
and he was also widely known as a leading representative of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Foresters, being deputy supreme chief to Oron- 
hyateka, the Mohawk Indian, who is the supreme chief of the order. 
Mr. Scott represented Spokane in the high council of the Independ- 
ent Order of Foresters in 1897, 1898 and 1899. He was a personal 
friend of Chief Joseph, the great Indian chief of the Nez Perces tribe, 
and went to Washing-ton, D. C, in 1897, with Chief Joseph and his 
chiefs to present their cause before the Indian commission and the 
president. Again he accompanied them in 1900 and he did much to 
formulate public opinion in favor of Chief Joseph during the past few 
j^ears. He was major general of the department of the northwest of 

lauiiolpi) iSotDman ^cott 

the Union Veterans Union. His religious faith was indicated by his 
membership in All Saints cathedral. He died March 23, 1909, and 
thus passed from the scene of earthly activities one who had been a 
most unique and interesting figure on the stage of action in the north- 
west. His character and reputation were alike above reproach. He 
was a great reader and possessed a remarkable memory so that he 
could call to mind at almost a moment's notice any of the important 
historical events wliich have had to do with molding the department of 
the northwest. He was himself a gi'eat lover of outdoor life and of 
nature. One of his marked characteristics was his loyalty to his 
friends who could comit upon liim under any and all circumstances. 
He ever held to the highest ideals yet was charitable in his opinions 
of others and was always ready to extend a helping hand to uplift a 
fellow traveler either in a material or moral way. 

%^?/i^ L^^^\ 

| l^g§ -^ y s EDUCATOR and practitioner through the period 
S2 A Si 2 of liis connection with the medical profession, Dr. 
^2 /\ S2 Frank W. Hilscher has gained distinction. The 
W -^ *■ W scope of his professional service has embraced all 
branches of the practice of medicine and surgerj-, but 
at the present time he hmits his practice to the treat- 
ment of diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat. In that department 
he specializes and the concentration of his energies upon that line of 
practice has given him power and ability that places him with the fore- 
most representatives of his specialty in the northwest. It is not alone 
as a physician, however, that Dr. Hilscher is known to the public. 
His efforts for the development of an irrigation system in the Yakima 
valley constituted an initial step in drawing federal attention to that 
district and gaining the cooperation of the government for the solution 
of a difficult, but most important problem there. He is thoroughly 
imbued with the spirit of the northwest and has put forth effective 
and earnest effort for its advancement. 

Most of his life has been spent west of the Mississippi river, his 
birth hiL\nng occurred in Leavenworth, Kansas, October 15, 1867. 
His father, Charles Hilscher, was born in Germany but came to the 
United States in earh' life and devoted his energies to the occupation 
of farming. He was one of the pioneers of Dickinson county, Kan- 
sas, locating there during the period of the border warfare and living 
through some exciting experiences of that epoch. With the outbreak 
of the Civil war he responded to the call for aid and joined Company 
K of the Thirty-seventh Infantry Regiment of Ohio Volunteers 
which was recniited at Hamilton, Ohio, where he was then living, but 
after the close of hostihties he removed to Leavenworth, and later to 
Dickinson county, Kansas, where he spent his remaining days, his 
death occurring in 1895. His wife, who bore the maiden name of 
Susanna Yauch, was bom in Wittenberg, Germany, and died in 1900. 
The two brothers of Dr. Hilscher are C. M. and Harrj^ L. Hilscher, 
residents of Kansas City, Missouri, An only sister, Mrs. Phoebe 
Van Scoyoc, is living in Talmage, Kansas. 


jfranfe Wl. J^ilfiti)tr, iW. 

A public-scliool course constituted the initial educational training 
which prepared Dr. Hilscher for the work done in Beaumont Hos- 
pital Medical College, now the medical department of the St. Louis 
University, from which he received his professional degi-ee in 1895. 
In the meantime he had had varied experience in business life. He left 
home in 1881 when but fourteen years of age and was apprenticed to 
a druggist. He was employed in connection A\ith that business in 
various places but spent most of the time in Leavenworth, Kansas, 
and in St. Louis, Missouri. His work awakened his interest in the 
medical profession and following his graduation from the Beaumont 
Hospital Medical College he entered upon active practice in St. Louis, 
where he remained for a number of years. He also at once became 
assistant professor of otology in the school from which he had just 
graduated and had charge of the ear clinic of the college for a year. 
Later he joined the faculty of the St. Louis College of Physicians 
and Surgeons in the capacitj'^ of assistant professor of ophthalmologj', 
remaining one of the instructors in that school until he came to Spo- 
kane in 1899. His abihty as an educator and practitioner was recog- 
nized by the profession and the St. Louis Medical Society, to which he 
belonged, honored him with the secretaryship, which position he was 
filling at the time of his removal to Spokane. In St. Louis he was 
also connected Avith the College of Physicians and Surgeons as chief 
of the eye clinic, was oculist to the Merchants and Manufacturers 
Hospital, to the Baptist Hospital, the Amelia Children's Home, the 
Visitation Convent and other institutions. His marked ability has 
gained him prominence and the high reputation which he bore in St. 
Louis has also been accorded liim during the period of his connection 
with Spokane. 

Since coming to this city Dr. Hilscher has limited his practice to 
the treatment of diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat and for the 
past four years he has conducted a private sanitarium limited to the 
treatment of those diseases. It is pleasantly located at the entrance 
of Rockwood boulevard and has splendid equipment for that depart- 
ment of practice. He keeps in touch wath the advanced work of the 
profession through the proceedings of the Spokane County and 
Washington State IVIedical Societies and the Ajnerican Medical As- 
sociation, in all of which he holds membership. 

What Dr. Hilscher has accomplished along professional lines 
would alone entitle liim to representation in this voltime. His work 
in other fields, however, is equally interesting and important. Since 
coming to Spokane he has invested quite largely in property in tliis 
city and in the Inland Empire and has promoted a number of cor- 

:f ranfe WB. j^ilgcjjcr, jW. M. 179 

porations, chief among which were the Yakima Land & Live Stock 
Company, of wliich he was the secretary; the Yakima Development 
Company, of which he was one of the trustees; the Yakima Land & 
Development Company, of which he was president for many years 
and is now secretary; and the \Venatchee I'arms Company, of which 
he is secretary and treasurer. 

The Yakima Land & Live Stock Company was organized about 
April, 1902, by Dr. Hilscher, M. N. Kuppenberg, J. W. Oakes, G. 
W. Frost and George W. Stoltz. They purchased thirty-seven thou- 
sand, seven hundred and twenty-one acres of land in Yakima in the 
IVIoxie valley from the railroad company for one dollar and five cents 
per acre on the six-year payment plan. In this Dr. Hilscher had a 
third interest, which he turned over to the company and after the com- 
panjf was organized an assessment of eight thousand dollars was made 
to cover the first payment. Within four months they sold a half in- 
terest in contracts for twelve thousand dollars, thus recovering all the 
money expended and half as much again. Inside of six months they 
were offered two dollars and a half per acre but decUned this. They 
then employed a corps of engineers to examine the irrigation possibil- 
ities of the land, the first survey including what is now known as the 
Titeton project. They filed apj^ropriation notices on the water of 
that district. Ai-riving at the Yakima river, however, with the pro- 
posed canal, the engineers found that it would be a very expensive 
matter to cross the river to the other side where the lands were located. 
They then employed another engineer, who in connection with the 
first, made more surveys, which finally culminated in the proposal to 
dam the three lakes at the head of the Yakima river — the Kachess, 
Keeehelus and Clealum, impounding the water therein and bringing 
the high line canal down on the east side of the river. This would 
command approximately two hundred and fifty thousand acres of 
land. The plans made were practically identical with the ones now 
known as the Kittitas project of the United States government, 
which will probably be carried out in the next few years. 

The immensity of this project necessitated the incorporation of a 
promoting company called The Yakima Development Company, 
which was then organized and was headed by the distingiiished Judge 
Whitson, who was then a practicing attorney of North Yakima. The 
fihng of water appropriations of this company and its plans aroused a 
good deal of local feeling in the lower Yakima valley, which was then 
suffering from a dearth of sufficient water to extend the existing 
canals, especially those at Sunnyside. The company soon found itself 
involved in a fierce fight with the previous water claimants and there 


:franfe WB. H^H&chtv, iW. B. 

were many meetings of commercial clubs in various parts of the 
Yakima valley, both in the interests of and against the project. In 
the meanwhile information requested by the company of F. H. New- 
ell, chief of the reclamation ser^'ice, resulted in sun'eys being made for 
the waters of the Yakima river and all its tributaries for a whole year, 
together Avith measurements for water actually used by the existing 
irrigators. Under the supervision of Professor O. L. Waller, of Pull- 
man, a final report was made which showed to the people of the 
Yakima valley that many times the amoimt of water available had 
already been appropriated and each succeeding claimant was more or 
less at the mercy of previous claimants. The agitation resulting is 
now a matter of history and culminated in unanimous appeal of those 
interested in the valley to the United States government to take over 
the existing water rights of most of the claimants and make an equal 
apportionment. This is how the government first became interested 
in the Yakima valley. Thus the aims and objects of The Yakima 
Development Company passed out of existence and the benefits of the 
many thousands of dollars spent there by the two companies have thus 
become the property of the public. 

The lands of the Yakima Land & Live Stock Company were 
finally sold at various figures, netting on an average of no more than 
four dollars per acre, although much of the land has since been sold 
for prices as high as one hundred dollars per acre. This company has 
also gone out of existence. The Yakima Land & Development Com- 
pany planted one hundred and fifty acres of orchard on irrigated land 
near Hayden Lake, Idaho, in 1907, and all has since been sold. The 
same company has bought and sold lands in Yakima valley near Ken- 
ncM-ick and on the Quincy flats. The company is now engaged in re- 
tailing about thirteen hundred acres in the latter district and land 
which originally cost the company about five dollars per acre is now 
being rapidly disposed of at from twenty-five to fifty dollars per acre. 
The Wenatchee Farms Company, in wliich Dr. Hilscher is also inter- 
ested, owns a small body of land on Rock creek in Wliitman county, 
of which one hundred acres is now irrigated and they are planning to 
supply another hundred acres with water. The company is doing the 
actual selling of the Yakima company's Quincy land. 

In 1889 Dr. Hilscher was married and has three cliildren, Schuy- 
ler, Earl Durand and Aubrey L., all now in school. Dr. Hilscher 
attends the Unitarian church and in politics is an insurgent republi- 
can. He belongs to the Woodmen of the World, the Royal High- 
landers and the Spokane Amateur Athletic Club. He is a broad and 
liberal-minded man, whose purposes of life are high, whose ambition 
is commendable and whose labors have been resultant for good in all 
of the different fields in which he has put forth his effort. 

ft. Jf. Samuels; 

)N H. F. SAMUELS, Wallace has a citizen of marked 
determination, and to this characteristic may largely 
be attributed his success. It was this quality that en- 
abled him to obtain a liberal education in the face of 
difficulties and obstacles that would have utterly 
discouraged many others and wliich has enabled him 
to continue on and on toward the goal of prosperity until he now ranks 
with the capitalists of this city. Moreover, he is entitled to distinction 
and honor from the fact that he is the only man who, after making his 
fortune from the mines about Wallace, has used his capital to develop 
and promote the business activities and upbuilding of the city. He 
was at one time prominent as a practitioner of law but later retired 
from the bar to concentrate his energies upon mining and banking in- 
terests. His birth occurred in Washington county, Mississippi, on the 
4th of April, 1869, his parents being H. Floyd and Isabelle (Jenkins) 
Samuels. Representatives of the family were among the earliest set- 
tlers of Virginia, and later took up their abode among the pioneer resi- 
dents of Kentucky, while subsequently they joined the first settlers of 
Indiana. The mother of the grandfather of our subject was thirteen 
years of age when the Revolutionary war broke out and lived to be one 
hundred and six years old. His grandmother White, on the maternal 
side, was a descendant of the White that came to America on the ^lay- 
flower. The father of Mr. Samuels of this review, who was hving in 
Kentuckj' at the time of the outbreak of the Civil war, enlisted in the 
Federal army as captain of Company E, Twelfth Kentucky Volun- 
teer Cavalry, while his brother joined the Confederate ranks, the fam- 
ily thus becoming divided. He participated in fifty-two battles and 
his company was part of the command that pursued and finally cap- 
tured the celebrated General Morgan. At the present time he is liv- 
ing in Indiana, and has attained the age of seventy-seven years. Rep- 
resentatives of the Jenkins family enlisted with the northern troops, 
and four uncles of our subject laid down their lives on the altar of 
their country. 

To the subject of this review the name of Henry Floyd Samuels 
was given but he has always been known as H. F. Samuels in order to 

186 j|. JF. ^antittto 

He is also a member of WaUace Lodge No. 331, B. P. O. E., and is 
now past chancellor conmiander of Wallace Lodge of the Knights of 

:Mr. Samuels is preeminently a representative of that class of men 
who in advancing individual interests also promote public progress 
and prosperity. His hfe record displays many admirable elements. 
His future success was foreshadowed in his determination to obtain an 
education at the sacrifice of physical ease and comfort. Always recog- 
nizing that the present and not the future held his opportunity, he 
utilized each passing moment to the best advantage and has never al- 
lowed obstacles nor difficulties to brook his path if they could be over- 
come by determined, persistent effort. This quality has enabled him 
to advance steadily on the highroad to success until today he stands 
among the capitalists of the Coeur d'Alene district, the possessor of a 
handsome fortune and an honorable name. Moreover, few men have 
the high sense of personal obligation and responsibility that is mani- 
fest in Mr. Samuels. Recognizing the chance to make his life work of 
benefit to the district in which his fortune was won, he has wisely and 
judiciously invested in business projects here and his efforts have 
been of almost inestimable benefit in the upbuilding of Wallace, of 
which place he may be termed without invidious distinction the fore- 
most citizen. 


jN THE roster of officials of Spokane county appears 

O/vJ t'le name of Glenn B. Derbysliire, who is now sei-v- 
»^ ing as county clerk, having been elected to that posi- 
ts I tion on the 8th of November, 1910. Moreover, he is 
widely known throughout the state as a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and through 
business associations, too, he has gained a wide acquaintance. His 
birth occurred near Adrian, JNIichigan, January- 12, 1874. His father, 
William Derbyshire, a native of Onondaga county. New York, was 
connected with the secret service at the time of the Civil war. He be- 
came one of the pioneer residents of Michigan, settling about sixteen 
miles from Adrian, in 184.5. In the upbuilding of his part of the state 
he took an active and helpful interest and at one time sened as tax 
collector in Lenawee county. His occupation was that of farming 
and through the careful and systematic cultivation of the fields he 
provided a comfortable living for liis family. He married Maria 
Newitt, a native of Syracuse, New York, who still resides on the old 
homestead in Michigan but Mr. Derbyshire passed away in March, 
1908. They were the parents of four sons, the brothers of Glenn B. 
Derbyshire being: Daniel Z., who is employed in a factorj^ at Adrian, 
Michigan; William N., who is engaged in the clothing business at 
Hudson, Michigan; and Paul M., who is cultivating the old home- 
stead farm. There are also two half-sisters: INIrs. Harriet Pratt, a 
widow, who is now living with the mother; and INIrs. Orilla Babcock, 
residing on a farm near the old home place. 

Glenn B. Derbyshire acquired his education in the public and high 
schools of Addison, Michigan, and in Hudson Business College, com- 
pleting a com-se there in the fall of 1894. Thinking to enter upon the 
practice of law, he became a student in the law office and under the 
direction of the firm of Bird & Wood, attorneys at Adrian, the senior 
partner becoming afterward attorney general of Michigan. After 
reading law for a year Mr. Derbyshire secured a position with the 
Page Woven Wire Fence Company, with which he was comiected for 
six years as bookkeeper. He then became interested in life insurance 
as district manager of the New England Mutual Life Insurance 


190 iglenn ^. ^ttby&ijkt 

Company of Boston, havang jm-isdiction over four Michigan coun- 
ties. Later he was for a time connected with the Adrian State Sav- 
ings Bank but thinking that the far west offered better business op- 
portunities he severed his connection in his native state and on the 1st 
of May, 1902, arrived in Spokane, where he became bookkeeper for 
the lumber manufacturing firm known as the Holland-Horr Mill 
Company. He was afterward made estimator for the company and 
so continued with this firm for about seven years. He then turned his 
attention to the printing business as a partner of the Pacific Print- 
ing Company, with which he was connected for two years and subse- 
quently he became interested in the real-estate firm of H. M. Howard 
& Company. 

Since his election to the office of county clerk Mr. Derbyshire has 
devoted his entire attention to the duties of that position. He was 
made the democratic candidate and polled a large vote on the 8th of 
November, 1910. From early manliood he has always taken an active 
part in politics, has served on election boards, was a delegate to county 
conventions in Micliigan, and was secretary of the central committee 
of his county in 1896 during the free silver campaign. 

The pleasant home hfe of Mr. Derbyshire had its beginning in his 
marriage at Hudson, Indiana, on the 8th of August, 1894, to Miss 
Anna M. Piatt, a daughter of William Piatt, one of the pioneer set- 
tlers of Adrian, Michigan, who is now deceased. Their only child, 
Naomi, is a student in the Spokane high school. 

Mr. Derbyshire has an interesting military record, covering three 
years' service as a member of Company B, First Infantry Regiment 
of the Michigan National Guard. He is a Avell known figure in fra- 
ternal circles, being especially prominent in the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. He joined that organization in Adrian, Michigan, and 
now holds membersliip in Mt. Carlton Lodge, No. 103, of Spokane; 
Unique Encampment, No. 32; Canton Spokane, No. 2, of the Patri- 
archs Militant ; and Hope Lodge, No. 38, of the Order of Rebekahs. 
He has been honored with office in these different organizations, being 
a past grand of Mt. Carlton Lodge, past chief patriarch of Unique 
Encampment, and past commandant of Canton Spokane No. 2. In 
1906 he was representative to the grand lodge of the state of Wash- 
ington and the same year was made district deputy grand master. He 
has also been district deputy grand patriarch of the encampment and 
in the spring of 1910 was deputized by the grand patriarch to institute 
Abraham Encampment at Newport, Washington. In 1908 he was 
appointed assistant adjutant general of the Second Brigade Patri- 
arch Militant for the department of Washington and still holds that 

#Unn J&. JBerfapgfjire 


commission with the rank of major. His work in the Odd Fellows 
society has made him widely known throughout the order in this state 
and among its membership he has many warm friends. He is also 
connected with the Hoo Hoos, his number being 14,089. He is a 
member of Spokane Lodge, No. 161; Loyal Order of JNIoose and is a 
member of the Inland Club. His religious affihations are denoted by 
his attendance at the Christian Science church. He never holds nar- 
row nor contracted views of life but maintains the position of a pro- 
gressive citizen who has faith in the future and is ever willing to co- 
operate in movements for general progress and improvement. 

^^. ^^J-T^^t^^u/d^r-sy^ 

Cljrigtopfjer C. Bempgep 

jHRISTOPHER C. DEMPSEY, who is the owner 

C^ and proprietor of Hotel Denipsey, located at 407 
^ Front street is well known in the business circles of 
^^ the city as a man whose business judgment is dem- 
onstrated in the success which has attended his ef- 
forts. He is a western man by inclination and 
training and is imbued with the progressive spirit which has been a 
prominent factor in the building up of the northwest. His birth 
occurred in Dodge county, Wisconsin, on the 28th of December, 
1858, his parents being Connor and Mary (Duffy) Dempsey, the 
former of whom passed away in 1868, while the latter died in Spo- 
kane, July 5, 1911, at the venerable age of eighty-two years. The 
father was a prominent agricultui'ist of Wisconsin and for fifteen 
years was chairman of the town board. During the gold excitement 
in the far west he made a trip to California, leaving in 1852, but two 
years later he returned to Wisconsin and again devoted his time to 
the development of the farm which he owned. 

Christopher C. Dempsey was educated in the public schools of 
Wisconsin, but during the summer months he was actively engaged 
in assisting liis mother in the cultivation of the home farm. When 
he was twenty-four years of age he desired to make liis own way in 
the world, but before entering definitely upon any career wished to 
see something of the world. He spent a short time in Chicago before 
going to Louisiana, where he remained before going to the Pan- 
handle of Texas, where for two years he worked at sui'veying. Sub- 
sequently he went to Denver where he conducted a restaurant for one 
year, but in the fall of 1888 he came to Spokane and has since been 
one of the active promoters of various business undertakings in this 
city. His first enterprise in this city was engaging in the restaurant 
business on Post street near the Pacific Hotel. Fortune favored him, 
however, and just before the fire of 1889 he disposed of this prop- 
erty, which otherwise would have been destroyed and been a serious 
loss to him financially. After the fire he started another restaurant 
on Bernard street which he conducted for a year, when he removed 
to Howard and Main streets, and there stayed in business until he 


196 Cftrtgtopficr C. IBempgep 

was elected sheriiF in 1896. At the completion of his term of office 
in 1898, he engaged in the livery business for one year until Janu- 
ary, 1900, at which time he disposed of liis business and assumed the 
management of Hotel Dempsey, which was situated at the corner 
of Main and Stevens streets. He occupied that location until 1905, 
when he erected the building which is now known as the Hotel Demp- 
sej'. It is a substantial tlu'ee-story and basement brick building, cov- 
ering a ground plan of sixty by one hundred and forty-two feet. 
It contains ample accommodations for many guests, having one hun- 
dred and twenty sleeping rooms. Mr. Dempsey has many of the 
sahent characteristics necessary for the successful hotel manager — 
geniality, coiu-tesy and consideration for the rights of others. 

On the 26th of September, 1889, Mr. Dempsey was married at 
Union, Oregon, to Miss Mary Ellen Lincoln, a daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. David Lincoln of Missouri. To tlieir union five children have 
been born: Mary Ellen, whose birth occurred on the 19th of De- 
cember, 1890, and Mdio is a graduate of the Holy Name Academy, 
graduating in the department of vocal music; Josephine, who was 
born on the 18th of October, 1892, and who, since her graduation 
from Holy Name Academy has been teaching school in Montana; 
James P., whose birth occurred on the 2d of June, 1895, and who is 
a student in Gonzaga College; Robert J., born February 2, 1898; 
and Lucille K., whose birth occurred on the 23d of December, 1903. 

Mr. Dempsey is among the faithful and more prominent attend- 
ants at St. Aloysius Roman Catholic church. He is a life member 
of Spokane Lodge, No. 228, Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, 
and of the Chamber of Commerce, in whose objects for promotion 
he takes a deep interest. Although he gives his hotel the advantages 
of his personal management and careful supervision he nevertheless 
takes great pleasure in the society of his family and in the home life 
for which his modern residence at East 928 Sinto avenue is admirably 

George C. Jleck 

jEORGE C. BECK, owner of the San Marco apart- 

GjwJ ments, among the most beautiful and modern of Spo- 
m kane's apartment buildings, was born at Little York, 
^ Pennsylvania, May 20, 1843, and was one of a fam- 
ily of two sons and five daughters, whose parents, 
George and Margaret (Cook) Beck, were natives of 
Worms, Germany. The father was a member of a prominent Ger- 
man family and died at the age of fifty-seven years. JNlrs. Beck's 
father was a leading wine merchant and vineyardist of Germany. She 
survived her husband for some time, passing away in 1890. Their 
children were: Conrad, now a resident of Cleveland, Ohio; Mrs. Mary 
Worley, of Pasadena, California; INIrs. Elizabeth Combs, also Uving 
in Cleveland; Mrs. Louisa Straus, who is connected with the Evan- 
gelical Association paper of Cleveland ; ]Mrs. Margaret Spring, whose 
husband is bishop of the Methodist church of Cleveland and editor of 
the Evangelical Association paper of that city; and ISIrs. Catherine 
Gardner, the wife of a retired Chicago millionaire. 

The other member of the family is George C. Beck, whose name 
introduces this review. The removal of the family from Little York, 
Pennsylvania, to Cleveland, Ohio, enabled him to pursue his education 
in the public schools of that city, which he attended mitil he enlisted 
for the Civil war as a member of the Chicago Board of Trade Batterj'. 
He served with the Army of the Cmnberland and was mustered out 
at the close of hostilities. He afterward engaged in the pork packing 
business, which he followed in Cleveland and in Indianapolis until he 
retired from that pursuit in 1902. 

Removing westward to Spokane, Mr. Beck here erected the beau- 
tiful San Marco apartments, a three-story structure and basement, 
containing forty apartments. It is an ideal location at the junction 
of Sprague and Riverside avenues, with a frontage of four hundred 
feet on two streets. This is one of the finest of the high-class apart- 
ments of Spokane and scarcely has an equal in the city. It is built of 
white pressed brick, in Renaissance style of architecture, with a foun- 
dation of sandstone brought from the vicinity of Portland. It is 
heated with a hot water plant and oil burners will probably be used 


200 (georgc €. l&ttk 

for heating the water. Mr. Beck intends to keep the San Marco 
thoroughly modern in its equipments and appointments and 
thoroughly satisfactory in its service. Aside from this he is interested 
in the Ware Brothers Company and owns land in Canada to the ex- 
tent of six thousand acres. 

]Mr. Beck was married in 1865, in Cleveland, Ohio, to Miss 
Ameha Berger, a daughter of Frederick Berger, of Tallmadge, Ohio, 
who was a burgomaster in Germany and a fine musician, connected 
with one of the jjrominent families of his native land. In 1909 Mr. 
Beck was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, who died on the 
14th of July of that year. They were the parents of three daugh- 
ters : Bessie, now the wife of George Roberts, an electrician of Omaha, 
Nebraska; JNIayme, the wife of Archibald F. Rigg, an architect of 
Spokane ; and Edith, the wife of Dr. Charles F. Rigg, a physician of 
this city. 

]Mr. Beck is a member of the Spokane Club and the Spokane Ath- 
letic Club and he also belongs to the Chamber of Commerce. While 
he has resided here for only a comparatively brief period, he has be- 
come thoroughly identified with the northwest and its interests and is 
an enthusiastic supporter of Spokane, doing everything in his power 
to further its welfare and promote its upbuilding. His life has always 
been a busy and useful one and he has ever worked toward high ideals 
and utilized practical methods in the attainment of substantial results. 

Conrab Molfle 

i^ONRAD WOLFLE, president of the Uiiited Copper 
Mining Company, and also interested in the Florence 
Silver Mining Company, was born in South Dakota, 
September 27, 1871. His father, Conrad Wolfle, a 
native of Germany, is now living retired in Port- 
land, Oregon, where he established his home in 
1890. The mother, who bore the maiden name of Anne JNIayer, was 
also born in Germany and is a resident of Portland. The sons and 
daughters of the family are as follows : Conrad, of this review ; F. R., 
who is his associate in business; David H., professor in the high school 
at Bremerton, Washington; E. A., a resident of Ainsworth, British 
Columbia; Marie, residing in Portland; and Barbara, who married 
William Fredericks, of Irving county, Alberta. 

While a resident of his native state, Conrad Wolfle began liis edu- 
cation in the public schools and afterward continued his studies in 
Oregon. He first engaged in farming, leaving home in 1889, and later 
he worked on the railroad, his time being thus taken up with dif- 
ferent pursuits until 1895, when he first arrived in Spokane. He went 
from here to Rossland, British Columbia, where he became actively 
connected with mining interests. He worked in the mines and ac- 
quired property and again in 1897 he came to Spokane. He reported 
on mines all over the western country from Ai-izona to British Co- 
Ivmibia, including Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Cahfornia and Oregon. 
He organized the Golden ISIonarch Mining Company in British Co- 
lumbia which was incorporated with Mr. Wolfle as president and man- 
ager; F. E. Bobbins, vice president; and C. H. Claudius, secretary 
and treasurer. They own property in Ymir, British Columbia, and 
after the successful organization and development of that company, 
Mr. Wolfle extended his eiForts in other directions, organizing in 1905 
the United Copper Mining Company of which he also became presi- 
dent and manager, with W. G. Collins as vice president and Gale 
Smith as secretary and treasurer. They own mines at Chewelah, five 
miles northeast of Spokane, there being ten claims in the group. Over 
six thousand feet of underground work has been done, including tun- 

204 ConraD Ifflolfle 

nel, shafts, drifts and up-raises. The deepest work is six hundred feet 
and the width of the ore vein ranges from six to twenty-five feet. It 
has copper and silver values and of the low-grade ore six hundred tons 
shipped realized ten dollars per ton, while the high-grade ore brought 
from one hundred and seventy-five to two hundred dollars per ton. 
They shipped to Granby, Northport and Trail, making sliipment to the 
last named place owing to a shut-down of the other two. The average 
output is one hundred tons per day. They have just completed a one- 
hundred ton mill for low-grade ores and their property is well equipped 
with all kinds of machinery, electric plants, shops, etc. The company 
also owns three hundred and twenty acres of timber land adjoining. 
Nearly all the work has been done on the ore and there is now being 
made a tunnel of tliirty-five hmidred feet which Avill give a depth of 
one thousand feet, and of this five hundred feet have been completed 
at the present writing. Mr. Wolfle is also interested in the Florence 
Silver ]\Iining Company, owning property three miles north of Ains- 
worth, British Columbia. There are four claims containing a splendid 
body of ore, of galena, silver and lead values. Its property is a promis- 
ing one on which twelve men are now working, and shipment will be- 
gin in the spring of 1912. The United Copper Company has on its 
pay-roll from thirty-five to fifty men and is a close corporation, the 
greater part of the stock being held by ISIr. Wolfle, Mr. Collins and 
Sidney Rosenhaupt. The company has made a number of displays at 
the Spokane and Seattle fairs and has been awarded a number of 
prizes for their exhibits every time they have been placed on display. 
The copper averages from two to three per cent in low-grade ore and 
in silver from eight to fifteen ounces, while in the high-grade ore the 
copper averages from eighteen to twenty-five per cent, from two hun- 
dred and fifty to three hundred and fifty ounces in silver, and from 
two to five dollars in gold. The recent ore chutes now opened, how- 
ever, are averaging better than those formerly worked. Mr. Wolfle is 
interested in other mining ventures and owns in different parts of 
British Columbia several large tracts of land. 

On the 29th of October, 1899, Mr. Wolfle was married at Ritzville 
to Miss Pauline Cook, a daughter of the Rev. Cook, minister of the 
Congregational church. Two children were born unto them but both 
are now deceased. Both INIr. and INIrs. Wolfle are members of the 
Westminster Congregational church, in which he has served as a trus- 
tee for a numl)er of years and in the work of which they are both 
actively and helpfully interested. Fraternally INIr. Wolfle is con- 
nected with the Maccabees and he is also a member of the Inland Club. 

Conrab ?Eggolflc 205 

His activities touch the general interests of society and he is known as 
acooperant factor in many projects relating to the social, intellectual 
and moral progress of the community as well as to its material develop- 
ment. His ideals of life are high and he shapes his coua-se in harmony 

^/-fp<y '^^cz^-c^/^^u^t^^^^^^'-^ 

Samesi ©« Pucfjanan 

iAMES D. BUCHANAN has been well known for 
many years in the business circles of Spokane, where 
he conducts a large undertaking establishment at 
Nos. 28 and 30 Third avenue. His birth occurred in 
Clark county, Indiana, on the 14th of April, 1858, 
and he is a son of George and Jane (Montgomery) 
Buchanan, the former of whom passed away in 1891. His ancestors 
were among the early settlers of America, and Buchanan county, Vir- 
ginia, received its name from some of the earliest members of the fam- 
ily who settled in Virginia. His boyhood days were spent in Illinois, 
and there he received his education from the time he was seven years 
of age until he left school at the age of fourteen. At that time he 
entered upon agricultural pursuits and continued in that line of work 
until 1879 when he went to Walla Walla, Washington, where he re- 
mained until March, 1880. He then went to Spokane and took up a 
homestead in the northeastern part of the town which he farmed until 
1889, but as the city grew and opportunities for engaging in business 
presented themselves, he gave up his farming and engaged in the cigar 
and tobacco business for some time before entering upon the under- 
taking business, which he has since followed. On December 1, 1911, 
Mr. Buchanan removed from Riverside avenue to his new establish- 
ment at Nos. 28 and 30 Third avenue, where he has one of the finest 
imdertaking estabhshments in the Inland Empire. The building, 
which was exclusively designed for him, contains a chapel and all other 
rooms and conveniences desirable and its cost was over twenty-five 
thousand dollars. The structure is devoted entirely to this business. 

On the 1st of June, 1897, IMr. Buchanan was married to Miss Ella 
M. Ryan, a daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth Ryan, at Coeur d'Alene, 
Idaho. Two children were born to this union, Mary and Catherine, 
both of whom are attending school. In poHtics Mr. Buchanan is fully 
aware of the corrupt methods frequently instituted by the parties, who 
are largely under the control of the machine rule, and consequently has 
ever maintained an independent attitude. He is a member of Spo- 
kane Lodge No, 228, B. P. O. E., the Knights of Columbus, Eagles, 
Red INIen, Foresters of America, Moose, Knights and Ladies of Se- 


210 3amtsi B. jBucftanan 

curity, Catholic Order of Foresters, Young Men's Institution, and the 
Ancient Order of Hibernians, of which he is state president. In his 
business and fraternal relations he is both faithful and honorable, and 
his sterling personal worth has gained him warm friends, and he is 
well established in the respect and esteem of his fellow-citizens and 
business associates. 


^^HOMAS A. MOAIl is a successful man whose intel- 
ligently directed industry and unfaltering persever- 
ance have constituted the rounds of the ladder on 
which he has climbed to the plain of affluence. He 
was born on Prince Edward Island, November 3, 
1844. His father, George Moar, was a native of the 
Orkney islands, on the north coast of Scotland, and emigrated to 
Prince Edward Island in the year 1803, and married Jane M. H. 
Norton in 1825. She was born in Londonderry, Ireland, in 1806, 
and emigrated in the year 1819 with her father, the late John Nor- 
ton, Esq. 

Thomas A. Moar was one of a family of twelve, of whom six are 
still living. He received his education at Brudenell River, Prince 
Edward Island, and on having attained liis majority he struck out 
for himself, working at the carpenter trade for a short time. Not 
being satisfied with that work he removed to Newfoundland, where 
he went into business with his brother who owned a schooner of eighty 
tons in which he traded and fished between Newfoundland and Lab- 
rador, making yearly trips up the St. Lawrence river to Quebec, 
where supplies were purchased. 

During the six years spent in that isolated and primitive coiuitry 
he had many novel experiences, being called upon to perform the 
marriage ceremon}% to christen the infants and bury the dead. Be- 
coming dissatisfied with his occupation in the coasting trade, he de- 
cided to go west and in the year 1873 arrived in Chicago, where for 
a year he worked at his trade. Still heeding the call of the west, the 
succeeding year found him in Denver, but being fascinated by the 
glowing accounts of California and the Pacific coast, the following 
year found him in San Francisco, where for a number of years he 
managed work for one of the largest contractors in the city, finally 
becoming a leading contractor on his owni account. But the spirit 
of adventure was not yet subdued and the year 1889 saw him headed 
north. Arriving in Spokane, November 3, of that year, he was im- 
mediately given a crew of men and put to work on the Auditorium 
Theater, which was then one of the finest bin"ldings west of Chicago. 



W^omafi 3. Moat 

In 1895 he was united in marriage to Miss Almeda J. Bell, 
daughter of John Bell, of Prince Edward Island, and of Scotch 
descent. They have one son, T. Edgerton Moar, who is now a stu- 
dent in the high school. 

As a contractor Mr. Moar ranks among the best in the state, his 
advice being sought by many prospective investors. Spokane and 
the state of Washington has always appealed to him. When he came 
to Spokane it was but a village, but to him its location and surromid- 
ings appeared advantageous and promising as no others. This 
brought him to the conclusion to cast his career and life with that of 
the country and its people -wiih the result that his expectations have 
been more than realized. Comparing the village of 1889 with the 
magnificent city of today, he feels proud to have been connected with 
the development of this giant young city and predicts for it a gi-and 

Jofjn llatorence ||arper 

jUSINESS interests bring John Lawrence Harper 
many times to Spokane and have made him a familiar 
figure among capitahsts and leading citizens here. 
He is manager of the Republic IMines Corporation, 
the company having its office in the Old National 
Bank building of Spokane. Washington numbers 
him among her native sons, his birth having occurred in Goldendale, 
Klickitat county, August 23, 1873, his parents being Martin V. and 
Margaret (Johnson) Harper, both of whom are still living. They 
were pioneers of the noi-thwest, having crossed the plains in 1852 when 
still in the childhood period of life. The Harper and Johnson fam- 
ilies established homes in the vicinity of Olympia and there the youth- 
ful days of the parents of John L. Harper were largely passed. His 
father afterward became a prominent factor in public life and twice 
represented his district in the territorial legislature. While thus serv- 
ing he aided in organizing Franklin county, being the leader of the 
delegation having that object in view. For a long period he was suc- 
cessfully engaged in mining and other frontier pursuits but for the 
past few years has lived retired — one of the honored pioneer citizens 
of the state, 

John L. Harper pm-sued his education in the public schools of 
Goldendale and Yakima and in the "College of Hard Knocks," as 
he expresses it. He was only fourteen years of age when he began 
earning his own livelihood. He was very young to shoulder the bur- 
dens and responsibilities of life and the lessons wliich he learned in 
the school of experience were often difficult ones, but ultimately 
they were mastered and have since been used to his advantage. He 
served an apprenticeship in a printing office at Yakima and later as a 
journeyman printer traveled through western Idaho and Washing- 
ton and at times conducted newspapers in Oakesdale, Rosalia and 
Bellingham, Washington. His rise in journalistic circles was but 
a forecast of what was to come to him in later years in other fields. 
After seven years' connection with the newspaper business he became 
actively engaged in mining and since that time has operated largely 
in Ferry county, although he spent one year in Alaska and has mined 


3fo!)n Hatorente Harper 

all through this section of the United States. He is now the controll- 
ing factor in the Republic JNIines Corporation, being general manager 
of the company, which operates the largest mine in the state. He is 
also general manager of the North Washington Power & Reduction 
Company and of both companies serves as a director and as chairman 
of the executive board. He likewise has several other mining inter- 
ests and, moreover, is vice president and one of the directors of the 
Ferry County State Bank at Repubhc. 

On the 24th of November, 1896, ]\Ir. Harper was married to JNIiss 
Anderson, the only daughter of D. F. Anderson, who was one of the 
pioneer residents of Whitman county, coming to the northwest from 
Kansas. He afterward represented that county in the state legisla- 
tiu-e and is well known bj^ reason of his active support of the wheat- 
rate legislation secured under the name of the Anderson bill. He was 
likewise a Civil war veteran. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Harper have been born two cliildren, Law- 
rence Anderson and Evelyn Ora, the elder now five years of age, 
while the little daughter is in her second year. Mr. Harper gives his 
political allegiance to the liberal wing of the democratic party and as 
representative from Ferry county in 1905 was one of the lone demo- 
crats in the state legislature during that session. He is interested in 
the vital questions and problems of the day and keeps well informed 
on all that pertains to general improvement. At the same time he 
most capably manages important business interests and is now recog- 
nized as one of the leading mining men of the Inland Empire. 



— ,„ 1 






Ig^^^DELBERT M. DEWEY was bom in Lewis county, 
New York, in 18.57, the son of Milton and Perinelia 
(Riggs) Dewey, his father being a country school- 
master and 'squire of the village in which he lived. 
At the age of six he moved with his parents to Bing- 
hamton in the same state, where he attended the pub- 
lic schools until fourteen years of age, when he was indentured as an 
apprentice to learn the printing and newspaper business in the office 
of the Broome Republican, being associated with the two men who 
later organized what is now known as the Associated Press. After 
five years work as apprentice and journeyman, the future Spokane 
business man travelled extensively over the country, working in most 
of the larger cities as a newspaper and job compositor, in both of 
which he is said to have been highly skilled as a workman. Later he 
settled in the citj' of Detroit, where he became the proprietor of a 
publishing house and edited and published several trade and technical 

When quite a .young man, Mr. Dewey became an active student 
and writer on economic subjects. This led him to engage in what was 
at that time called the "reform movement," and he was associated 
with T. V. Powderly and others in the Knights of Labor and kindred 
organizations having for their object the uplifting of humanity. He 
edited the Journal of United Labor at Philadelphia, and gave to that 
paper a position second to no other in the economic field, with a. 
greater weekly circulation than all others of his class in the United 
States combined, reaching more than five hundred thousand persons 
with each issue. Mr. Dewey was also an active official of the Typo- 
gi-aphical LTnion for many years, and is still a firm believer in the men 
who do the work of the world, but thinks they should organize and 
meet changing conditions with changed methods, and that the workers 
should do their striking on election day and at the ballot box. 

The temperance reform movement always found an aggressive 
supporter in the student printer, and he was for two years the high 
chief ruler of the Order of Recabites in North America, travelling 
extensively as a lecturer on temperance and other subjects. 


^Mbtvt iW. JBetoep 

In 1884 Mr. Dewey retired from all these various activities and 
entered the public service at Washington as an expert in the field serv- 
ice of the department of labor. His labors brought him to the state 
of Wasliington, and he early determined to make Spokane his future 
home. On the occasion of Ms first visit to the Inland Empire JVIr. 
Dewey invested hea\dly in a copper mining prospect in Okanogan 
county and later came here to take over the management of the cor- 
poration, purchasing a home on Cannon Hill. His activities since 
coming to Spokane include the promotion of the Okanogan Electric 
Railway, the Okanogan Irrigation & Improvement Company, the 
management for five years of the Q. S. Mining Company, besides 
being a director in several other industrial enterprises operating in 
Spokane. At the time of this writing Mr. Dewey is also the proprie- 
tor of the Alexandria Hotel, a select family hotel in the residence dis- 
trict of Spokane. 

In fraternal circles Mr. Dewey is an active member of the Masonic 
Order and Elks, and is an advocate of the spirit of fraternity as an 
antidote for the tendency of the day toward commerciahsm in all 
things. He is a man of family, with a son of thirty and a daughter 
eleven years of age. 

Cjjarles; f asiper 

jENMARK has furnished a valuable class of citizens 

Dv, ,1 to the new world. They have brought with them 
V£^ from the old country the unremitting energy and 
\5 I perseverance characteristic to that nationality, and 
in a great majority of cases have attained success in 
the management of varied business affairs. To this 
class belongs Charles Jasper, who is now engaged in the general con- 
tracting business and has offices in the Peyton building. He came to 
America in 1882 when a young man of but seventeen years, his birth 
having occurred in Denmark in 1865. His parents were Peter and 
Maren (Jensen) Jesperson. 

On the home farm in Denmark Charles Jasper spent the days of 
his boyhood and youth and attended the common schools. From time 
to time he heard interesting reports concerning America, its business 
conditions and its opportunities, and at length these proved to him an 
irresistible attraction, and lea^^ng behind him his parents, brothers 
and sisters he departed for Hamilton, Ontario. For three years he 
resided in that city and worked as a cabinet-maker, but in 1885 re- 
moved to the United States, settling first at Grand Forks, North Da- 
kota and engaging in the carpenter's and builder's business. He was 
thus engaged for three years before coming to Spokane in 1888 and 
started at once in the general contracting business. He had previ- 
ously learned the rudiments of the building science, and having ambi- 
tion and courage, after arriving in this city he directed his attention 
almost entirely to the erection of large buildings in Spokane and ad- 
joining cities. The first building he erected was the Concordia Hall, 
wliich was located at the corner of Second and Jefferson streets but 
which has since been destroyed by fire. This piece of work showed 
his ability to the prospective builders of Spokane, and from that time 
he has always enjoyed a large patronage. He has since erected many 
prominent buildings, the most recent of which is the Eiler building 
at the corner of Sprague avenue and Post street. In Le\\iston he 
built the Weisgerber building and Weisgerber brewery, and at Tckoa 
he erected the Sisters Academy. Among the forty or fifty buildings 
which he has erected in Spokane the Western Union Life building 

226 C^avUa 3Fagpcr 

stands out prominently as one of his best pieces of work, while others 
are the White Hotel, the Jones & Pettit building, the John W. Gra- 
ham building, the Spokane & Eastern Trust Company's building and 
the Pantages Theater building. 

In 1906 Mr. Jasper was married to Miss Emily F. Brown, a 
daughter of George W. and Mary (Knittle) Brown, of Port Car- 
bon, Pennsylvania, and a granddaughter of Dr. G. W. Brown, a well 
known physician of Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania. ]Mrs. Jasper 
is an accomplished dramatic reader, and is well known in that respect 
to the public in Spokane, where she has frequently given recitals 
which attest her unusual abihty. Mr. and Mrs. Jasper reside in an 
artistic home at South 919 Adams street, where, because of their hos- 
pitality and high social qualities, they receive many friends. Mr. 
Jasper has now been a citizen of the United States for thirty years 
and he never feels he has any reason to regret his determination to 
leave his father's valuable and well developed farm in Denmark to 
seek his fortune on this side of the Atlantic, for he has here met with 
remarkable success in his business and has made many friends whose 
regard and companionship make hfe pleasant for him. 

ftenrp Pernarb Hufjn, JW, B» 

^R. HENRY BERNARD LUHN, who has done con- 

Dj^ll siderable important hospital work and is equally suc- 
l^ cessful in the private practice of medicine and sur- 
}K( g'^ry, was born in the state of New York, August 
^1 14, 1867. His father, Gerhard L. Luhn, was born 
in Germany and is now living in Spokane at the 
venerable age of eighty-one years. He is a retired major of the 
United States army, which he joined in 1852. He fought in the 
Mormon war of 1858 and all through the Civil war and in the latter 
was commissioned in 1863. He afterward was on active duty in Wy- 
oming and Montana during the trouble with the Sioux Indians, and in 
1886 came to Camp Spokane with the Fourth Infantry, being there- 
after identified with military service in the northwest up to the time 
when he retired in 1895, while stationed at Fort Coeur d'Alene. Since 
that time he has made Spokane his home. He was first promoted to 
official rank when made sergeant of the Sixth United States Infantry 
prior to the outbreak of the Civil war. In February, 1868, he was 
commissioned second lieutenant, Fourth Infantry, and June 24, 1864, 
he was promoted first lieutenant of the Fourth Infantry, which rank 
he held until the close of the war. In 1875 he was commissioned cap- 
tain and retired as such in 1895, but by special act of congress in 1904 
was given the title of major. He was with McClellan's command in 
the Armj' of the Potomac in the battle of Bull Run, participated in 
the second battle of Bull Rim, the hotly contested engagements of 
Gettysburg and Antietam and in fact all of the battles in which the 
Army of the Potomac, under command of Generals McClellan, Pope 
and Meade, was engaged. Subsequently he was with his regiment 
when it became a part of Grant's command and was present at the 
surrender of General Lee at Appomattox. 

On the 9th of May, 1864, Major Luhn was united in marriage to 
Catherine Ann Von Oltmans, who was born in New York. Her 
father belonged to a prominent Holland family and became the 
founder of the Williamsburg Savings Bank at Brooklyn. New York. 
Mrs. Luhn is now living in Spokane. In the family were two sons. 
The younger brother, William Luke Luhn, is now captain of the 


230 jlcnrp jBernarb llufin, ill. IB. 

Tenth United States Cavalry, stationed at Fort Ethan Allen, Ver- 
mont. He was formerly teller and cashier in the Citizens and the 
Old National Bank and went to the Klondike in 1897. Returning 
in 1898, he went to the Philippines as a soldier of the Spanish- 
American war and was adjutant in the First Washington Volun- 
teers. When the troops from this state were mustered out he was 
lieutenant colonel of the Thirty-sixth United States Volunteers under 
General Franklin Bell. After his service in the Philippines he was 
commissioned first lieutenant of the Eleventh United States Cavalry 
and in 1908 was made captain of the Tenth United States Cavalry, 
with which rank he is now serving. There are also three daughters 
in the family : Maria, the wife of Ernest De Lashmutt, of Spokane ; 
Euphemia, the wife of George Harris Smith, an attorney for the 
Oregon Short Line at Salt Lake City; and Catherine, the wife of 
Captain James E. Fechet, of the Ninth United States Cavalry, sta- 
tioned at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Henry Bernard Luhn acquired his preliminary education in the 
University of Notre Dame, Indiana, pursuing a thorough commer- 
cial course and afterward finishing his junior year in the scientific 
courses. Subsequently he matriculated in the University of Penn- 
sylvania at Philadelphia in preparation for the practice of medicine 
and was graduated from the medical department in 1891, at which 
time his degree was conferred upon him. Following his graduation 
he spent two years in a hospital in Philadelphia as interne and then 
came to Spokane, where he located for practice in October, 1892. He 
has since followed his profession with increasing success and is now 
surgeon for the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company, the Spo- 
kane, Portland & Seattle Company and surgeon of the Sacred Heart 
Hospital staff. He is also medical director of the New World Life 
Insurance Company and was appointed assistant surgeon of the Na- 
tional Guards of Washington by Governor IVIcGraw but resigned 
about 1905. He has a large private practice and this as well as his 
hospital work has Mon him a high and well deserved reputation. 

On the 23d of June, 1897, Dr. Lulin completed arrangements for 
a happy home of his own by liis marriage to Miss Anne Goodall Hig- 
gins, a daughter of a former New York citizen, and they have two 
children: Marion, now thirteen years of age, and Catherine, aged 
twelve years, both of M'hom are students at Brunot Hall. The family 
attend the Roman Cathohc church. Dr. Lulm votes with the republi- 
can party and is identified with various fraternal and social organiza- 
tions, including Spokane Lodge, No. 228, B. P. O. E., and the Knights 
of Columbus. In the former he served as exalted ruler and as deputy 

j^enrp gemarb JLui)n, M. M. 231 

grand exalted ruler, and in the latter was state deputy for the state 
of Washington. In more strictly social lines his membership is in 
the Spokane, the Spokane Country and the University Clubs. He 
is also a member of the Spokane Amateur Athletic Club, the Military 
Order of Loyal Legion, the Spokane County Medical Society, the 
Washington State JMedical Society and the American Medical As- 
sociation. With him success in life has been reached because he has 
made good use of his time, has improved the talents with which na- 
ture endowed him and has faithfully and conscientiously performed 
every duty that has devolved upon him. The consensus of public 
opinion regarding his position in the medical profession places him 
in the foremost rank. 



REMARKABLY successful career has been that 

^2 yi Si 2 of Patrick C. Shine since he entered upon the prac- 
^2 /\ S>2 ^^^^ o*" ^^^^ ^s ^ member of the Spokane bar. He 
52 ^2 ^^^ ^°™ ^" County Limerick, Ireland, December 

m^^H -^' 1863. His parents were Michael and Ellen (Con- 
ners) Shine, who sent their son to the hedge school of 
the locality, subsequently to the National village school at Athea, and 
finally he completed his education at the College and Civil Service 
Academy of Limerick city. He was bookkeeper for J. P. Newsom & 
Company of Limerick for three years thereafter. 

He was one of a large family and in 1885 he came to America join- 
ing his brothers and father in Kansas City, Missouri, where he worked 
for a time as street car conductor for the Metropolitan Street Rail- 
way Company. He next entered the employ of the Union Pacific 
Railroad, and in 1887-8, filled the office of deputy county coUector of 
Jackson county, Missouri. Ambitious to have broader opportunities 
in other fields, he took up the study of law during that period, devot- 
ing all of his leisure hours to the mastery of the principles of juris- 
prudence. On leaving the office of deputy county collector of Jack- 
son county, he returned to the Union Pacific Railway as statistic clerk 
and assistant cashier at Kansas City and from that point was trans- 
ferred to Huntington, Oregon, as cashier for the joint agency of 
the Oregon Short Line and Oregon Railroad & Navigation Com- 
panj\ Subsequently he filled various positions with the latter com- 
pany in all its departments. In 1894 he came to Spokane where he 
was employed by the Union Depot Company. 

Mr. Shine had no sooner become a resident of this city than he 
severed liis residence relations with Kansas City which he always 
theretofore claimed as his home. Edwn IMcNeill, then president of 
the Iowa Central Railway, off'ered him a responsible position with 
that road, but jNIr. Shine refused to leave the west and continued in 
his less lucrative position at Spokane. Edwin JNIcNeill, who was 
then prospective reorganizer of the Union Pacific system with head- 
quarters at Portland, promised him the position of superintendent 
of a prospective division between Spokane, Washington, and La 


236 ^atricfe €. g>l>tnc 

Grande, Oregon. Meantime by and with the encouragement of the 
superintendent of the Union Depot, Mr. Shine became a member of 
the American Railway Union, and was promptly elected its secretary 
and treasurer. 

This affiliation changed his course completely and forced him into 
politics which became the stepping stone to his chosen profession. 
He was cashier and chief deputy comity treasiu-er imder George 
Mudgett for two consecutive terms. After he had successfully 
passed the required examination for admission to the bar, in January 
of 1899, he was appointed local counsel for liis old employer, the 
Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company. Later, at the instance of 
the legatees of the McNeill estate, he was appointed administrator 
with wll annexed of the estate of Edwin McNeill, who died in New 
York. Other interests connected with his now extensive clientele 
have made him an official of various real-estate holding corporations. 
He has served as British Columbia Commissioner for the past ten 
years. He was always active in politics and was chairman of the 
Peoples' Party central committee, chairman of the executive com- 
mittee of the Fusion Party, composed of popvdists, democrats and 
silver republicans, in 1896, when John R. Rogers was elected gov- 
ernor of the state of Washing-ton. Since then he has been mentioned 
for various appointive political positions, but he has never accepted 
one. At the present time he is not affiliated with any political or- 
ganization, although he keeps well informed on the questions and 
issues of the day and advocates such measures and principles as he 
beheves will prove helpful in municipal and general government. 

On March 15, 1904, Mr. Shine was married, at San Francisco, 
California, to Miss Maiy Louise Gomm, a native of Savannah, 
Georgia, and they now have two children, Patrick and Mary. Mr. 
Shine belongs to the Spokane Club and is a life member of the 
Spokane Amateur Athletic Club. He believes that trusts and labor 
organizations are fundamentally the same in principle and that both 
should be controlled by federal regulations. He has the social qual- 
ities, the ready wit and attractive personality, characteristic of the 
people of the Emerald isle, combined with the ambition and enterprise 
so common in the west, and these qualities have made liim popular as 
a man and successful as a lawver. 

■.'Tn-^ W^l 




^^^^^m 1 

' r^^^^^^^^ 

^B i " s 


Cijarles! E, J^esisieltine 

HARLES R. HESSELTINE is president of the 
United Securities Company, a financial underwriting 
and promotion company, and is widely known as one 
of the promoters of the northwest whose labors, ca- 
pacity for organization and powers of direction have 
constituted an effective and valuable element in the 
development of the northwest. The enterprising spirit characteristic 
of this section of the country and its growth finds expression in his 
life. He is a western man by birth, training and preference, for he 
was born in Clackamas countj% Oi'egon, December 20, 1879, his par- 
ents being Appolis H. and Elva (Cain) Hesseltine. The father 
crossed the plains with his parents in the early '50s, making the jour- 
ney from Iowa to the Pacific coast. The family first settled in Cali- 
fornia, where they remained for two years and then made their way 
northward into Oregon. The grandfather of our subject was Eli 
Hesseltine, who became one of the first settlers of Clackamas county 
and bore an active part in the work of reclaiming that region for the 
purposes of civilization. His son, Appolis H. Hesseltine, built the 
first saw and shingle mill in that county and in other ways the family 
were closely identified with the early improvement there. In 1889, 
however, they crossed the Cascade mountains by team and settled at 
Wilbur, Lincoln county, Washington, where the father did contract 
work for the Northern Pacific Railroad Company and thus bore his 
share in the development of that section. 

Charles R. Hesseltine acquired liis education in the public schools 
of Clackamas county, Oregon, and Lincoln county, Washington, pur- 
suing his studies through successive grades until he became a high- 
school student. Early in his business career he traveled all over the 
west as a representative for a publishing house, and in 1902 he took up 
his residence in Seattle, where he entered the promotion field. He pos- 
sesses marked powers of organization and his administrative direction 
and executive force have been elements in the successful conduct of 
various projects which he has instituted and established. He readilj' 
sees and seizes upon the opportunity for the establishment of a busi- 
ness that promises success and his efforts in this connection have con- 

240 Cl)arlcg E. j^eggelttnc 

tributed largely to the commercial activity and consequent prosperity 
of the northwest. He organized the Pacific Fish Canning Machin- 
ery Company, of which he became the secretary and treasurer, and 
the machines" of this company are now being used in every thoroughly 
modern camiery in the United States, for one machine will do the 
work that was formerly done by two hundred Chinamen. JNIr. Hessel- 
tine has also organized and financed several successful campaigns 
which have resulted in the formation of the Comstock-Golden Gate^ 
JMining Company, the Washington JNIeteor Mining Company of 
Chelan county, Washington, and the Rogers-Hesseltine Company, a 
real-estate holding company. In the fall of 1908 he came to Spokane 
and organized the United Securities Company, which does a general 
financing and promotion business, being the means of bringing worthy 
and financially sound improvements and investments to the atten- 
tion of capital. Thus by bringing together the promoters and men 
of financial standing the business has been operating to the best wel- 
fare of the city and many substantial structures during the past four 
years have been erected as the outcome of its activity. ISIr. Hessel- 
tine has also recently organized the Iceless Refrigerator JNIanufactur- 
ing Company, which is proving to be a paying undertaking, and one 
of his recent inceptions is what is known as the Empire State ISIanu- 
facturing Company, for the purpose of manufacturing a new pat- 
ented floor scraper. Ever since a boy he has been of an inventive turn 
of mind and shown a natural ability as draftsman. This genial gift 
has found a practical outlet in a number of useful articles which are 
the fruit of his fertile brain, among them a potato planter, a device 
plowing at the same time the ground and planting potatoes. Among 
others of his notable inventions are a mechanical device for the raising 
and lowering of buggy tops and an automatic combination breast 
and wall drill for iron and metal work. He is a member of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce and is in thorough sympathy with its purpose of in- 
stituting publicity measures which will make known the advantages 
of the city and in promoting projects for adorning and improving 
Spokane in many ways. 

On the 11th of March, 1907, Mr. Hesseltine was married to Miss 
Lillian Fairbanks, a daughter of William and Katherine Fairbanks, 
of Rutland, Vermont, and a niece of ex-Vice President Fairbanks. 
The attractive residence of ISIr. and Mrs. Hesseltine at No. 2506 Gar- 
field road was erected by him in the year 1911. 

Mr. Hesseltine has never become actively interested in social or- 
ders or clubs, preferring to concentrate his energies upon his business 
aflPairv., He recognizes the fact that the present and not the futiu-e 

Cijarlcs la. IB^tSitltint 


holds his opportunity and therefore makes each passing hour count 
for the utmost in his business activities. To build up rather than to 
destroy is his broad policy and not alone has he followed constructive 
measures but also attacks everything with a contagious enthusiasm 
that has won him the support and cooperation of many. 

Jfreb J|. 0mtx 

.NY corporate interests have been promoted and stim- 
ulated by the enterprise, business activity and execu- 
tive abihty of Fred H. OHver, who is now largely 
engaged in the development and sale of mining prop- 
erties and is an officer in a number of mining com- 
panies. His life record had its beginning in Xew 
York state on the 27th of April, 1862. He is one of a family of seven 
children, having one brother and five sisters. His parents were 
William H. and Elizabeth (Shaw) Oliver, both of whom were born 
in Maine. Both were of Enghsh descent and belonged to families 
that were represented in the Continental army during the Revolu- 
tionary war. The mother died in 1881 but the father still survives and 
now makes his home in Spokane. Of their children Frank G. is now 
a resident of Colorado Springs, Colorado, and the five sisters are: 
Mrs. F. E. Snodgrass, of Los Angeles, Cahfornia; INIrs. Paul Brown, 
of Portland; Mrs. George Beystone, of Eau Claire, Wisconsin; Mrs. 
Fannie Devitt, of Denver, Colorado; and JNIrs. F. R. Fiske, the wife 
of Dr. Fiske, of Spokane. 

The youthful days of Fred H. Oliver were passed in Eau Claire, 
where he passed through consecutive gi-ades in the common schools 
and became a high-school pupil. He entered business life in connec- 
tion with lumber interests in California, whither he went in 1879, and 
there was connected with the lumber trade until 1882, when he re- 
moved to Spokane. He was here engaged in mining until 1888 at 
which time he was appointed Chinese inspector and served for two 
years. The next office to which he was called was that of deputy 
United States marshal, in which he also served for two years, and 
later he was appointed state road commissioner by Governor McGraw 
and served for two years. Since his retirement therefrom he has been 
connected with mining interests, devoting his time to both the devel- 
opment and sale of mining properties. He is largely interested in 
British Columbia, Ontario, Canada, and in southern Oregon prop- 
erties, and as an official has voice in the management of a number of 
tliese. He is president of the Salmon River Gold Mining & Milling 
Company of British Columbia, is president of the Fairview Copper 

246 :f reb j|. (Blititv 

Mining Company of Ontario; president of the Big Four Develop- 
ment Company of Nevada ; president of the Southern Oregon Water 
Power Company, of southern Oregon ; and also has many other min- 
ing interests. The Fainaew Copper JNIining Company has its prop- 
erty twenty-five miles from the silver camp of Cobalt in northern 
Ontario. They have a body of copper ore carrying three per cent 
copper and heavy excess of iron, together with eight-tenths of one per 
cent nickel. It is being developed by diamond drilling and they have 
already gone down four thousand feet with diamond drills and have 
reached a depth of fourteen hundred feet. The plant of the Southern 
Oregon Water Power Company lies in Lake county, Oregon, five 
miles from the California line. The minimum horse power it is pro- 
posed to develop is twenty-one hundred and the maximum is twenty- 
six thousand. They hope to have the first three units of seven hundred 
horse power each in operation in the latter part of 1912. They can 
thus dispose of this at Lakeview and other small towns of that district. 
It is presumed that a great deal of the power will be used in pumping. 
The company is incorporated for three hundred thousand dollars 
under the laws of the state of Washington with head offices in Spo- 
kane. The officers are: F. H. Oliver, president; Dr. F. R. Fiske, 
secretary-treasurer; with Dayton H. Stewart, George McDonald, of 
Coulee City, and M. R. Jennings, of Edmonton, Alberta, as directors. 
In his political views Mr. Oliver is a republican and has been an 
active party worker in Spokane and Stevens comity, but the impor- 
tance of his business interests precludes personal activity along that 
line. He has represented his party in both county and state conven- 
tions, was a member of the first state convention at Walla Walla and 
served on the Stevens county central committee. His fraternal rela- 
tions are with the Elks Lodge, No. 228. 

On the 13th of May, 1891, Mr. Oliver was united in marriage to 
INIiss Elizabeth McCallum, a daughter of D. W. McCallum, of Men- 
docino county, California, who was one of the pioneers of that state 
and is now representing his district in the general assembly. His par- 
ents were Canadians of English descent. Mr. and Mrs. Oliver have 
two daughters, Mildred and Margaret, who are both students in the 
high school. The family is well known socially and their circle of 
friends is an extensive one. Mr. Oliver is a splendid representative of 
that class of citizens Avho find in the conditions of the west the broader 
opportunities that call forth enterprise and determination. He recog- 
nizes the chances for the progressive business man to develop the 
country and utilize its splendid natural resources and he is taking his 
part in this work which promises good results both to the individual 
and to the communities in which his activities are called forth. 


ftarrp iH. I^ottiarti 

^TfCHILE yet a comparatively young man, there are few 

WW residents of Spokane more familiar with its history 
J) through the period of almost its entire development 
'^ than is Harry M. Howard. His early experiences 
^j) made it particularly easy for him to know all there 
was to be known concerning Spokane, and with an 
observing eye and retentive memory he has watched the changes that 
have occurred and can relate in interesting maimer the story of events 
which have left a deep impress upon the history of the city. He is 
now engaged in the real-estate business, with offices in the PLxchange 
Bank building, but difficult and strenuous effort was required to 
bring him to his present enviable position among the substantial and 
successful business men of the city. 

He was but eleven years of age when he came to Spokane with 
his parents, Martin J. and Jennie D. (Leach) Howard. The father 
was a building contractor, who in 1883 left the old home in Wiscon- 
sin and came with his family to the territory of Washington. Here 
in company with Frank A. Johnson the father erected the first pre- 
tentious business structures of Spokane. They were associated in 
the erection of the Frankfort block and Mr. Howard also built the 
Pacific Hotel and the residence of J. J. Browne, now occupied by 
R. E. Strahorn. The father, however, was not long permitted to en- 
joy his new home, in Spokane, his death occurring here in 1886. The 
journey westward was a most interesting one to the boy, who noted 
with keen zest all points upon the way. There were two feet of snow 
on the ground when the family left Wisconsin in December and they 
arrived in Spokane to find the air balmy, with no sign of snow. 
Through the succeeding five winters snow was an almost unknown 
thing here, but great climatic changes have occurred in this region. 

Harry M. Howard continued his education, begun in Wisconsin, 
as a student in the public schools of this city, but had been here for 
only a brief period when he started in the business world, becoming 
delivery boy for the grocery firm of D. B. Ide & Son, then located at 
the corner of First and Howard streets. At that time Howard was the 
principal street of Spokane, with a few cross streets extending to the 


250 ^arrp jB. j^otparb 

Northern Pacific Railroad. The place was more of a trading post 
than a well estabhshed town and was visited frequently by groups of 
men in buckskin clothing, belted with cartridges and knives. All of 
the north side of the city was laid out in farms and the three grocery 
dealers of the town refused to dehver goods into the wilderness, in 
the district at what is now Broadway and Monroe streets, unless an 
order for tliirty dollars' worth had been given. For a year and a half 
Mr. Howard remained with the grocery fii-m and then began selling 
the Daily Chronicle on the streets of the city. He met all of the 
trains — there were two each day — and had no difficulty in disposing 
of his papers, because there was then a heavy immigration and people 
wished to know sometliing of the comitry into which they were com- 
ing. The paper sold for ten or fifteen cents. After a time Mr. 
Howard purchased the exclusive right for the Chronicle circulation, 
employing two boys to help him to deliver and sell papers and thus 
laid the foundation for his later success not only in the profits that 
accrued but in the business experience which he gained and in the 
knowledge of the city wliich he acquired, his alert, receptive mind 
enabhng him to thoroughly appreciate the situation and its oppor- 
tunities. After a year in the newspaper field he was employed as 
night clerk in the Western Union office under A. D. Campbell, and 
later he returned to the grocery business. At the time of the great 
fire he managed to save a half wagon load of groceries for his em- 
ployer, who Avas absent from the city. The years of his youth thus 
passed in earnest, unremitting toil, and at the age of seventeen he 
entered the mail sen ice, being one of the city's first four mail car- 
riers, his route being all the district west of Post street. Thi'ee years' 
service had brought him to the position of superintendent of carriers, 
his service being virtually that of assistant postmaster. He was 
afterward for ten months in charge of the mail on a steamer between 
Seattle and Whatcom, but with the exception of this brief interval 
he has resided continuouslj^ in Spokane since liis arrival here in 1883. 
Later he was again engaged in the grocery business for a period and 
then became bookkeeper in a lamidry, leaving that employ to estab- 
hsh a collection agency, which gradually developed in its scope imtil 
he entered the real-estate field. He was first employed as a salesman 
by a real-estate fii-m at a salary of eighty dollars per month. He 
noted, however, the profits that were made in this business and re- 
solved that liis labors should more directly benefit himself. Accord- 
ingly he opened a real-estate office and has since engaged in the 
purchase and sale of property, becoming recognized as one of the fore- 
most real-estate men of the city. He is now disposing of a tract con- 

J^avvf M. ^otoarb 251 

taining six hundred lots, on which he has placed improvements to 
the amount of one hundred and eighteen thousand dollars. He also 
has a side interest which produces a substantial revenue, having in 
1907 purchased a fruit and chicken ranch of ten acres, on which is 
found one of the oldest orchards in this part of the state. The place 
is about a half mile north of the citj' hmits. The orchard is planted 
to cherries and was set out about twenty-two years ago. In 1911 
one tree produced five hundred and forty pomids of cherries. On 
the chicken ranch are about fifteen hundred blooded chickens and 
eggs are sold only for breeding, wliile to some extent business is done 
in the sale of broilers. This place, splendidly equij^ped in every par- 
ticular, is called the Sunnyside Poultry Farm. 

On the 10th of August, 1893, INIr. Howard was united in mar- 
riage to ]\Iiss Tena R. Muhs, a daughter of John and jNIarie (Mason- 
brink) Muhs, of Spokane county. Mr. and Mrs. Howard have two 
children, Montague J. and Burdette A., who are attending school 
and reside with their parents in a beautiful home at 03-10.5 Audubon 
Drive, which j\Ir. Howard erected in 1910. He belongs to the Cham- 
ber of Commerce and also holds membership in INIount Carlton 
Lodge, No. 103. I. O. O. F., Beta Camp of the Woodmen of the 
World and the Independent Order of Foresters. Because of liis long 
residence in Spokane, liis activity in business and a naturally social 
nature he has a very extensive acquaintance. His record indicates 
that after all no matter what the advantages furnished by the schools 
or early environment each individual must formulate, determine and 
shape his own character and career. This Mr. Howard has done and 
through careful utilization of opportunities has steadily progressed 
to a prominent position in business circles. 

a^ ^. 


^(^NE of the most respected citizens of Spokane county 

O^ was Ole Hansen, whose death, June 29, 1911, ocea- 
W sioned profound regret throughout a wide region 
^ where he had long been favorably known. He was 
g^ of Danish descent and was born at Copenhagen, Den- 
mark, January 8, 1844. He received his education in 
the common schools and continued in his native city until twenty-one 
years of age, when he resolved to seek his fortune in the new world. 
He came to the United States and for six months worked on a farm 
in Wisconsin. Perceiving the importance of a more thorough educa- 
tion, he attended school for four months and supported liimself by 
working outside of school hours. He next took up his residence in 
Chicago and secured a position as coachman for a private family, con- 
tinuing there until 1882. In the year last named he came to the north- 
west and located on one hundred and sixty acres of land on Pleasant 
Prairie, Spokane county. He prosecuted his work with such good 
results that a year later he was able to purchase one hundred and sixty 
acres in addition and thus became the owner of a farm of three hun- 
dred and twenty acres, which he cultivated until 1905. He then gave 
one hundred and sixty acres to his two eldest sons and in 1910 gave 
eighty acres to his youngest son, retaining eighty acres for his own 
use. He was a man of good business judgment, enterprising, indus- 
trious and persevering, and gained a prominent position in the com- 
munitj', being recognized as one of its most progressive and useful 

On the 8th of July, 1877, IMr. Hansen was married, at Chicago, 
to Christina Sorensen, a daughter of Soren Sorensen. To this union 
ten children were born. Christian, the eldest, born September 'y, 
1878, is now studjnng agriculture and dairying at Wasliington State 
College. Albert, born September 14, 1882, is engaged in the sand and 
gravel contracting business at Spokane. He was married June 14, 
1911, to Charlotte Camp. Minnie L., born June 29, 1884, was mar- 
ried to E. W. Fox, who died August 19, 1909. She has one son, 
Donald Louis, who is three years of age. Mrs. Fox is the secretary 
of and is a stockholder in the F. O. Berg Tent & Awning Company 


256 (gle Hanflicn 

of Spokane. Lillian M., born January 8, 1886, makes her home with 
her mother. Frank, born March 18, 1888, engages in farming. He 
married Miss Verna White on August 20, 1910, and they have one 
son, born Februarj^ 26, 1912. Ivy, born August 5, 1890, is a sten- 
ographer in the employ of the Underwood Typewriter Company of 
Spokane. Hazel, born February 9, 1894, is a student in the North 
Central high school of Spokane. Three children died in infancy. 
Mrs. Hansen, his widow, now makes her home in Spokane, having a 
residence at 03613 Atlantic avenue. 

Mr. Hansen's death resulted from blood poisoning after a brief 
illness. He was sixty-seven years of age and apparently had before 
him many years of usefulness when suddenly the dread messenger 
arrived, and Spokane county lost one of its most respected citizens 
and one of its wealtliiest farmers. He was an early settler of the 
county and willingly contributed his part toward the upbuilding of 
this portion of the state. In politics he adhered to the republican 
party and his religious belief Avas indicated by membership in the 
Lutheran church — the faith in which he was reared. A generous- 
hearted and noble-spirited man, he was fully worthy of the esteem in 
which he was held, and his memory will long be cherished by a wide 
circle of friends and acquaintances in Spokane county. 

i^eorge ill, Mtti)txtntt 

^EORGE M. NETIIERCUTT, practicing at the 
Spokane bar, was born at Grayson, Carter county, 
Kentucky, September 4, 18G4, a son of ]Moses and 
Katherine (INIauk) Xethercutt. The father was 
municipal judge of (irayson at the time of his death. 
In the public schools of his native place George M. 
Nethercutt began his education, which was continued in Mount Ster- 
ling, Kentucky. In the spring of 1889 he came to Spokane and was 
engaged in the building and real-estate business for a period of ten 
years, but thinking to find professional pursuits more congenial and 
also more profitable, during the latter part of that decade he devoted 
his leisure hours to the study of law under George W. Stocker, who 
is now police judge of Spokane, and the late W. Abbott Lewis. In 
1898 Mr. Nethercutt was admitted to the bar and has continued to 
follow his profession Avith success since that day, and in 1903 he was 
admitted to practice in the United States supreme court. Since en- 
tering upon Ills practice he has made a creditable record owing to 
the care and precision with which he prepares liis cases and the 
strength with which he presents his cause, his deductions following 
in logical connection. He is now attorney for the Equitable Life 
Assurance Society, doing special work for that institution with offices 
in Spokane. 

On the 16th of October, 1889, in southeastern Colorado, Mr. 
Nethercutt was united in marriage to j\Iiss ]\Iary C. Wilcox, a daugh- 
ter of Isaac N. Wilcox, of that state. In November, 1910,. Mr. 
Nethercutt was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, whose death 
was deeply deplored by a large circle of friends and by the church 
in which she was a most active and helpful worker. Indeed she was 
beloved by all who knew her and she had a very wide and extensive 
circle of friends. She was actively and helpfully engaged in church 
and charitable work for many years. She became one of the organ- 
izers and the first president of the Lidgerwood Ladies Aid Society, 
which position she held until its final disorganization. It was a 
pioneer institution, which Avas organized some years before the Chris- 
tian church at Lidgerwood came into existence, and not until the 


260 <gcorge jH. ^ettjercutt 

church was completed did the society as such disband, the church 
taking over its work. Mrs. Nethercutt became a verj'^ prominent 
member of the First Christian church, cooperating heartilj^ in all its 
various lines of work. She also did much in behalf of the Good 
Templars, and wherever or whenever she could lend a helping hand, 
or do a kind act, or speak an encouraging word to those less fortunate, 
she did it, graciously imparting to them good cheer from the abmi- 
dance of her own bright and cheery nature. She loved to do good, to 
help a fellowTiian, and her work was not the expression of duty done 
but rather the prompting of a heart that reached out in sisterly kind- 
ness to all mankind. Mr. Nethercutt holds membership in Samaritan 
Lodge, No. 52, I. O. O. F., and gives his political support to the re- 
publican party but without desire for office as a reward for party 
fealty. He feels that success at the bar will be best attained if his 
imdivided attention is given to his professional duties. His devotion 
to liis clients' interests is proverbial and as a practitioner in the courts 
he is making a creditable record and winning recognition and success. 



i^obericfe iWacfeen^ie 

jHE Inland Empire claimed no more loyal citizen or 

TV, ■) one more deeply interested in its welfare and prog- 
vVJa ress than Roderick ISIackenzie, whose death occurred 
\5l January 19, 1912, at San Diego, Cahfornia, where 
he usually spent the winter months, for the cold of 
the more northern district proved unfavorable to him 
in the evening of his life. He had the deepest attachment for Spo- 
kane and this section of Washington and his public spirit was mani- 
fest in many tangible and eft'ective ways. He was one of the build- 
ers of the Inland Empire and was closely identified with the 
development of the surrounding country, especially Liberty Lake. 
He was born in Nova Scotia in 1838 and was there reared and edu- 
cated. He was twenty years of age when he removed to Boston, 
Massachusetts, where he worked as a carpenter for the ensuing six 
years. He then removed to Omaha, Nebraska, where he took a con- 
tract for a portion of the construction of the Union Pacific Railroad, 
which was then being built. With the first money he made he pur- 
chased property in what is now the center of the business district of 
that thriving city, but he eventually disposed of his real estate and 
became extensively interested in cattle raising, also giving consid- 
erable attention to other stock. He was very successful in that work 
in the middle west but eventually disposed of his holdings in that 
section of the country, in order to remove to the Spokane country, 
where he arrived in June, 1890. Soon afterward he purchased eight 
hundred and six acres surrounding Liberty Lake and there engaged 
in diversified farming. He also built a hotel and kept a fleet of boats 
on the lake, which became famous as a resort. This is now one of 
the most popular resorts in the Spokane country. Upon his farm 
he placed full-blooded stock, including Jersey cattle, and he did much 
to advance the standard of cattle and stock in general raised in this 
section. His improved methods of farming constituted an example 
that many of liis neighbors followed to their lasting benefit. In fact, 
he was always on the side of progress and improvement and his 
labors and substantial support proved elements for advancement in 
many ways. He aided the telephone company in securing the right 

264 jRoberttfe Matktn}it 

of way and in establishing its line, was a strong advocate of good 
roads and he added much to the beautj'^ of the country by planting 
many thousands of trees. He was also a stalwart champion of the 
cause of education. On retiring from active business, he sold his 
hotel and land to the Palouse Land Company. He gave the Inland 
Electric Companj^ a right of way and a tract for terminals on his 
property. He retained one hundred and sixty acres of his holdings 
for his own use and thereon he made his home up to the time of his 
death. At the time of his demise he was vice president of the South- 
ern Building Company of San Diego, California, where he sjjent the 
winter months. He also had holdings in Spokane, owning much city 
property together with real estate in Colfax, including the Mackenzie 
building, a modern and well appointed apartment house. He was 
likewise the owner of the Postoffice building and other properties in 
Colfax and had from time to time made judicious investments in 
real estate which brought to liim good financial returns. 

Mr. Mackenzie was married in Nova Scotia in 1869 to Miss Ana- 
bel McLean, and unto them five children were born: Charles L., 
who is now a banker of Colfax; William, residing in Liberty Lake; 
John, who is one of the managers of the Savoy Theater of San 
Francisco; Mrs. Bert Terry, of East 1417 Seventh avenue, Spokane; 
and Mrs. Carrie McKinnon. 

Mr. IVIackenzie never aspired to or held pubhc office. His was 
a splendid example of a well spent life, characterized by fidelity 
to high ideals. He took an active and intelligent interest in all mat- 
ters of citizenship and in the conduct and administration of public 
affairs and gave his political allegiance to the republican part}'. Fra- 
ternally he was connected with the Masons and his religious faith 
was that of the Presbyterian church. He was a man of marked 
business ability and strong magnetic personality who attracted 
friends and held them. Those who needed aid found liim very char- 
itable and benevolent but liis assistance was always given most unos- 
tentatiously. Those who met him in a business way entertained for 
him high respect; and those who came within the close circle of his 
friends had for him warm love, for his sterling qualities were many 
and gained for him affectionate regard from those who knew him. 

^■46. iJ^ c yf/l-ort a j-/y 

I. Jf. iWoriartp 

jROBABLY no one citizen has been more prominent or 
influential in the commercial development of Rear- 
dan than the late M. F. JMoriarty, who had been suc- 
cessfully identified with the business interests of the 
town for nineteen years at the time of his death and 
had contributed largely toward the financial success 
of various local enterprises. He was born in Filhnore county, ]\Iinne- 
sota, on the 10th of June, 1857, and was a son of Florenze and Mary 
(Pierce) Moriarty, both natives of County Kerry, Ireland. The 
father engaged in railroad contracting in Minnesota during the early 
years of his residence in this coimtry, but he subsequently turned his 
attention to agricultural pursuits. 

Reared in a home of moderate circmnstances, M. F. Moriarty 
was given but meager opportunities for learning during his boyhood 
and youth, his education being confined to the course provided by the 
district school. On the 20th of JSIay, 1889, he came to the northwest, 
first locating in Spokane. A few months later he went to Deep 
Creek, where he remained for about a year. In the fall of 1890 he 
bought grain for a short time at Mondovi, where by his generosity, his 
open-hearted and strictly honest business methods, he formed lasting 
friendships among the tillers of the soil. From there he came to Rear- 
dan, thereafter making this city his home. At that time he was a 
grain buyer for the Northern Pacific Elevator Company, but he sub- 
sequently left their employ and engaged in the mercantile business in 
this city. He was a man of tireless energy and applied himself to any- 
thing he undertook with that earnestness of purjiose that invariably 
wins success by reason of its unceasing persistence. His undertakings 
were always characterized by keen discernment and excellent judg- 
ment, and he never went into any enterprise without planning defi- 
nitely his course of action, carefully considering every possible issue, 
and as a result he prospered and became known as one of the most 
capable and efficient business men not only of Reardan but of Lincoln 
county. In 1899 he became associated with J. K. Smith and others in 
the Washington Grain & Milling Company, of which firm he was presi- 
dent and manager. This likewise proved to be a very profitable enter- 

268 M. jr. ittortartp 

prise, owing to the judicious management and sagacity Mr. Moriarty 
exercised in expanding its interests. In 1902 he and his associates 
further extended the scope of their activities by purchasing a control- 
ing interest in the Reardan Exchange Bank of Reardan, of which 
Mr. Moriarty was president until his death. It is largely due to his 
capable guidance of its affairs as well as liis foresight and discretion 
that this institution is now numbered among the well established and 
stable banks of the county. 

On the 18th of May, 1891, Mr. Moriarty was united in marriage 
to Miss May Morton, a daughter of Elias and Elizabeth (Van Eman) 
Morton, natives of Lawrence county, Pennsylvania. The father was 
a shoemaker by trade, but the latter years of his life were entirely 
devoted to agricultural pursuits. Two children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Moriarty, Ella M. and Francis F., who have not yet completed 
their education. 

Mr. Moriarty was a commimicant of the Roman Catholic church. 
His fraternal relations were confined to his membership in the Wood- 
men of the World and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In 
politics he was a democrat and had the distinction of being Reardan's 
first mayor, in which capacity he served for two terms, manifesting 
in the discharge of his public duties the same promptness, unswerving 
purpose and fidelitj^ to the tiTjst reposed in him that characterized his 
business transactions. During Cleveland's last administration Mr. 
Moriarty also served as postmaster. 

He was a most unusual man and possessed many rare qualities, not 
least of which was his democratic spirit and sympathetic understand- 
ing that made him the friend of all. He was as ready to rejoice over 
the successes of his friends as to sympathize at their misfortunes and 
was at all times ready to lend aid to the unfortunate. There passed 
before his bier a strange assemblage composed of day laborers and 
bankers, representatives of large business interests and state legisla- 
tors, and one and all could relate some little incident of an intimate, 
personal nature indicative of this man's greatness of heart and mag- 

One incident related by a former business associate that illustrates 
his generous spirit of helpfulness occurred when he was engaged in 
the grain business. A poor season and hard times had compelled the 
farmers to dispose of all of their wheat in order to provide their fam- 
ilies with the actual necessities of life, so when the planting season 
came they were without seed. In their need they sought the keeper 
of the warehouse, and frankly stated their circumstances, asking him 
to extend them credit for the grain they needed to plant their fields. 

jW. :f ■ jWoriartp 269 

The manager laid the matter before Mr. Moriarty, asking what he 
should do, as the farmers had neither grain nor money and in case of 
crop failure they might not get their seed back. "Well," he rephed, 
"their families must live even if we never get the seed back ; let them 
have it." 

This man's life and his successes should prove an inspiration and 
incentive to every young man, who is struggling for recognition, as 
he was in every sense of the word self-made. The limited advantages 
afforded him in his early years were never permitted to be a hindrance 
nor an excuse in his struggle to attain the goal, and his leisure mo- 
ments were wisely and judiciously spent in reading carefully chosen 
books. He was a lover of art, music and hterature and availed him- 
self of every opportunity to extend his knowledge and understanding 
as well as appreciation of the best things the world has to offer along 
these various lines. 

Mr. Moriartj'^ died on June 28, 1911, and in speaking of him one 
of the local papers said: "By his death the people of Reardan have 
lost a companionable friend and citizen, one who exerted a valuable 
influence in building up the town from its pioneer conditions to the 
prosperous little city it is today. The entire community has lost a 
firm and loyal neighbor, and a vacancy is caused which cannot be 


e ©. IXeitcr 

)D. REITER, an attorney of Spokane, was born in 
Green Springs, Ohio, October 27, 1877, a son of P. 
E. and Alice (Klose) Reiter, the former a farmer 
of the Buckeye state. At the usual age, he attended 
the public schools in the country, until at the age of 
fourteen he began teaching, by which means he was 
enabled to attend school at Ada, Ohio; Valparaiso, Indiana; and 
Heidelberg University at Tiffin, Ohio. Mr. Reiter pursued his law 
studies with George E. Schroth, a well known attorney of Tiffin, 
Ohio, as his preceptor and later, upon coming to the Spokane coun- 
try in 1899, he continued his law studies with attorney H. A. P. 
Myers of Davenport, Washington. In June, 1900, he was admitted 
to practice before the bar of this state. 

Conservative in his tendencies, he is an ardent repubhcan in pol- 
itics and while a resident in Lincoln countj', he was in 190i elected 
a member of the state legislature, where he was one of the potent 
factors in securing the passage of a railway commission bill. In 
January, 1909, he removed to Sjjokane, where he has since been en- 
gaged in the practice of law. 

In 1899, at Bloomville, Ohio, Mr. Reiter was married to Miss 
Marian Fry, a daughter of John W. and Martha E. (Lane) Fry, 
of Davenport, Washington. Her father is one of the pioneer ranch- 
men of Lincoln county, having come to this state from California 
twenty-eight years ago. Mr. and Mrs. Reiter have become the par- 
ents of two children, EUis D. and Francis Marion. 


Beek, G. C 199 

Blewett, A. E 109 

Boyles, E. F 125 

Biu'banan, J. D 209 

Cullen, W. E., Sr 67 

Cunningham, J. C 161 

Dempsey, C. C 195 

Derbyshire, G. B 189 

Dewey, A. M 221 

Garrett, F. D 95 

Gray, M. C 83 

Green, Harry 147 

Hansen, Ole 255 

Harper, J. L 217 

Hesseltine, C. R 239 

Hilscher, F. W 177 

Howard, H. M 249 

Hummel, J. J 121 

Huntley, WilUam 41 

Jasper, Charles 225 

Laidlaw, Andrew 31 

Lane, T. S 99 

Long, J. G 117 

Luhn, H. B 229 

MaeGillivray, D. J 63 

Mabry, Bob 55 

Mackenzie, Roderick 263 

Merritt, M. W 143 

Moar, T. A 213 

Moriarty, M. F 267 

Nethereutt, G. M 259 

Oliver, F. H 245 

Pettet, WilUam 23 

Prather, L. H 47 

Raymer, John 135 

Eeiter, E. D 273 

Richardson, W. E 73 

Ross, E. S 139 

Samuels, H. F 183 

Scott, R. B 171 

Scott, W. D 153 

Shine, P. C 235 

Smith, F. L 89 

Strahorn, Carrie A 19 

Strahorn, R. E 11 

Sutton, W. J 157 

Tilsley, J. H 79 

Turner, George 5 

Valentine, W. D 167 

Waterhouse, L. P 59 

Wharton, S. M 113 

Whitten, L. B 105 

Williamson, V. D 35 

Wolfle, Conrad 203 

Wright, M. D 131 

•% ^" ^\^