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398 SPORTING ANECDOTES, Original and 
.^Select, with a Description of the Animals of 
the Chase and of every other subject con- 
nected with the Field, frontispiece and 
engraved title, cr. 8vo, half rich red 
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eminent persons 


"With an interesting Selection of the 

A Corral Description of 









Ji O concentrate the scattered rays of knowledge,, 

ivit, and humour, though one of the humble, is not 
among the least useful tasks of literature. Many 
irradiations of excellence, and many sallies of genius, 
are often to be found amidst pages of sterile loqua- 
city, and volumes of unimportant matter: they are 
confounded with that which no one reads, or which 
is read only to be forgotten ; and then sink into un- 
merited oblivion, overcome by the torpid lethargy and 
tasteless inanity of those parts among which they are 
destined to appear. 

In every multifarious work there must be variety 
of excellence ; and amid much that merits forget- 
fulness, there is always something to be found that 
deserves perpetuity, by being rescued from its perish- 
able part. To confer this perpetuity is the humble 
office of the collector ; zvho is doomed, to toil through 
countless volumes, ere an aggregate of comparative 
perfection can be presented to the zcorlcl. 

In offering this second edition of Sporting Anec- 
dotes to the public, the editor has paid particular 
a 2 


attention to two very material points: first, in the 
selection of a numerous variety of modern articles, 
and to the peculiar interest and value of them, care- 
fully excluding all those which appeared to be in the 
least degree irrelevant to the complexion of the 

In the boundless variety of anecdotes, which al- 
most every work presents that is at all devoted to 
this peculiar subject, the only, and indeed the great- 
est difficulty, was to select with a degree of discrimi- 
nation such articles as might be deemed worthy a 
place in this collection, particularly those anecdotes 
which commemorate and record those numerous sin- 
gularities, and astonishing events, which the ever-va- 
rying annals of the sporting world present ; so that 
the reader will find himself in possession of facts, 
at once important and striking, which have hitherto 
remained scattered through an immensity of works. 

Much attention has been paid in procuring inte- 
resting and authentic particulars respecting every 
animal that is at all connected zoith the chase ; nar- 
ratives that tend to display either their peculiar sa- 
gacity, extraordinary exertion, or instinctive pheno- 
mena. In doing this, recourse has been had to al- 
most every production that could furnish precise or 
characteristic details ; and many instances will be 
found noticed in the subsequent sheets, that have hi- 
therto been very little known, or totally neglected. 

It has also been a material object to concentrate, 
in nearly one point of view, the principal of those 
descriptions that relate to circumstances and things 


which possess a greater or less proximity of connexion 
zoith the general subject. ~Sot confined to one par- 
ticular spot of the globe, our researches have been 
carried to wherever it zoas thought probable advan- 
tage might be derived : and by presenting particu- 
lars of those performances that cannot happen un- 
der our own immediate inspection, it is presumed 
the important advantage zcill be gained, of at once 
gratifying curiosity and enlarging knowledge. 

These may be considered as forming the principal 
outline of the following work ; and, it is presumed, 
that no apology need be offered for the work itself 
When books multiply, and opportunities for reading 
become comparatively rare, it may be deemed an 
acceptable service to facilitate the means of acquiring 
knowledge. Those gentlemen, whose ardour leads 
them to the boisterous, but healthful, sports of the 
field, can hardly be considered as possessing much 
time for extensive or laborious study: yet, that they 
are anxious to be well acquainted with every minutia 
of the pleasures they so cordially enter into, is cer- 
tainly not an unfair deduction: to enable them, 
therefore, to acquire that information, is the pro- 
fessed object of the following work; and to the 
Sporting World in general, either in the closet, or 
as a travelling companion, it will certainly prove a 
source of amusement, instruction, and advantage. 






A CASSOCKED huntsman - - - 45 

Another Sampson - - ■ - 48 
A tyger - - - - -54- 
Ancient and modern coursing - - -84 

An old sportsman - - - • 10S 

Anecdote of Lord Spencer Hamilton - - 11'* 

Affecting fidelity of a dog r I 17 

A singular rencontre - - - 120 

Artifices of animals of the chase - 129 

A monkey cured of hunting ... 148 

A humorous revenge .... 149 

A characteristic epitaph - - - - - 151 

A curious case ----- 155 

Anecdote of P of W - - - 157 

A sporting general's dispatches - 167 

A facetious enquiry - » - 185 

A critical juncture ... - 212 

A good shot ----- 214 

A receipt to make a jockey - - - ib. 

A horse and a galloway • 218 

A fashionable sportsman and his friend - - 219 

A singular anecdote - 220 

An extraordinary stag hunt - 224 

Anecdotes of the late Lord Orford - 241 

A just reply ----- 259 

A rational dog ----- 264 

An ancient angling anecdote - 299 

Amiable sagacity of a dog - - - 301 
a 4 



An epistle from Eclipse -to King Fergus 

A n ingenious morality on chess 

Apparel necessary for an accomplished sportsman 

An ingenious parody 

A canine epistle 

An epitaph on a sportsman 

A characteristic epitaph 

Astonishing occurrence 

An epilaph 

A celebrated roarkswoman 

Animal courage 

Anecdote of the deer 

A lion hunt 

A fox chase 

Amusements of the Palais-Royal 

A tame pig mistaken for a wild boar 

Arguments a posteriori 

A parable, addressed to report-catchers 

All his faults 



4.5 1 


Broughton the bruiser 
Broad bints to city sportsmen 
BiogTaphy parodied 
Bromley, the cock-feeder - 
Badger-hunting - 


Character of the late Samuel Chifney - - 61 

Colonel Thornton - - - - 68 

Curious account of an Asiatic hunting party - - 106 

Character of a Siberian dog - - 138 

Characteristic sketch .... 146 

Curious estimate resulting from Sunday amusements - 24 

Clerical friendship of canine contraction - - 156 

Cherubim shooting • 174, 


Conjugal sporting 

Concise consolation • 

Canine ingratitude 

sagacity and gratitude 

Coffee-house conversation - 

Curious bond 

■ ' instances of affection 

Canine fidelity « 

Cyprian hunting ■ 

Curious wager - 

Cautions tor the 1st of September 

Chloe's vexation 


Connubial tenderness 

Curious map of a sportsman 

Character of the blood-hounds 

Canine adoption 

Cape Buffalo - - 




Description of Newmarket in the reign of Queen Anne - 56 

Deer hunting - - - - - 85 

Dead game - • - - - 155 

Debut of a young sportsman - 202 

Diary of a sporting Oxonian - 207 

Dr. Franklin's advice to a young sportsman - - 216 

Death of Tom Moody - - - - 317 

Deep play ..... 556 


Extraordinary steeple-race 

■ feat of a draught-horse 

• fox chase 

Epitaph on a favorite fox-hound 
Elegy on the death of a sportsman 
Epitaph on a huntsman 
Extraordinary chase 




Epitaph on a horse - 331 

- - - - - 334 

Extraordinary fox-chase - - - ib. 

■ 1 equestrian performances - - 335 

pike - - - - 36a 

■ ■ ■■ - slaughter - -. ' - 460 
Epitaph on Highflyer .... 362 
. - . - - 438 

■ on an old sportsman , . .671 

Farmer's man and the dog - - - - 32 

Fox-hunting - - » - 61 

Ferocious Scotch bull ■ 133 
Fatal rencontre ----- 145 

Fox-chase with Mr. Panton's hounds - - 361 

Falconry among the ancients - 397 

Facetious instructions » - - - 419 

Female intrepidity , . ► .561 

Gigantic challenge • ^ - 2S 
Good hounds • 121 
Generosity rewarded • 181 
Gaming anecdote -> - - - 183 
General character of the fox - - " - 349 
hare - - - 387 


His Majesty as a sportsman • - 1 

Humourous specimen of sporting biography - 26 

Horse races on the continent - - 64 

Hawking - - - - -67 

Hunting adventure of Henry IV. - 369 

His royal highness the Duke of Cumberland - - 433 



Horse chase upon the frozen sea 

Hug of friendship ; or, the cordiality of a bear 

I J 

Jockeyship ... 

Instance of surprising speed 

Johnson and his black horse 

Intrepidity of Henry IV. - 

John Gilpin the second 

J. J. Rousseau - 

Instance of extraordinary affection in a badger 

Inscription on a favourite dog 

Interesting narrative of sagacity in a dog 

Instances of affection in spaniels 

Interested condolence 

Instructions to Cockney sportsmen 

Jealousy and revenge of a cock 

Journal of '. imothy Tape - 

Incongruous adoption 

Journal of a gamester 

John Tall, the huntsman « ■ 





London fox chase 

Laconic rejoinders 

Ludicrous meterasychosis - 

■ comparisons 

- angling anecdotes 

L — d Ca — v — sh 

Leap from Egremont-bridge 

Lord C and the Weird Sisters 



Major Topham - 
Monastic sportsmen 
Method of fishing with fox-hounds 




Memoirs of a celebrated sporting lady 



Misfortunes of Christopher Cockney - 



Mr. Richard Knight 



— Foster Powell 



Manner of hunting the bear in North America 



Major Leeson - 



Mr. Phillidor * 



Major Baggs «• « « 



Mr. Daniel Lambert • . 

, , 


Mirtiiiuiuui sickle . * 




Natural history of tjie puppy * * 


t)wen Carrot . * , • 



Place-hunting and Ticket-hunting . £ 8 16t 

Pugilistic lingo . . „ » .195 

Play upon words . , f 218 

Prompt course of Francis I. . » . 331 

Punish menl of the stag ..... 348 

Prori)_r us leap . .... . 377 

Peculiar winter diversions of the Russians . .411 

FMUis in love. I sporting Jtate . . . 572 

Parallel b^cween a Newmarket groom and a minister of 

-state , .. . , . 575 


Robert Shaw 
Russian gaming anecdote 
Reynard's sagacity 
Repartee on Louis XV. 
Remarkable leap 






Richard Fairbrother 
Remnrkable abstinence of a dog 
Reynard's sagacity 


Soutb American sporting 
Sympathetic sensibility at the card table 
Singular method of dispensing justice . 
Sagacity of a fox 
Singular fox chase 

■ stratagem of a fox 
Sporting by act of parliament 

■ ardor 
Spirit of a greyhound 
Sporting anecdote of James I. 
Surprising courage of a cat . 
Strong reasons for breaking the sabbath 

Sporting portrait of the P of W 

Sketch of a sportsman of the last age 
Singular race 

■ sagacity of an English mastiff 

property in dogs 

pension . 

* accident . 

■ boat match 
■ hare hunting 

character . 

Sporting retort 

Sir J. Hamilton's dog 

Sufferings of the post-horse 

























The stoat 

The old English huntsman and mole catcher 

The three and the dace 

The venerable huntsman 








A Retrospect of the sporting career of this illus- 
trious character, renowned for bis personal worth, in- 
trinsic merit, and transcendent greatness, must be 
highly gratifying to all the lovers of the chase, parti- 
cularly as it must call to their recollection, that, a 
few years ago, the FiFvST max in the kingdom, was to 
the sporting world in general, a complete model for 
imitation. Innately superior to $11 the little arts of 
affectation and fashionable duplicity, he personally 
entered into, and for a length of time happily enjoyed 
ail the pleasures of rationality, all the comforts of so- 
ciety, without a prostitution of judgment, or a degra- 
dation of dignity. 

The most distinguishing trait in his Majesty's cha- 
racter, as a sportsman, was an invariable attachment 
to the chase, in which " he bora his blushing honours 
thick about him j M and held out to many of the osten- 
tatious sprigs of aristocracy who surrounded him* a 



most glorious and ineffable example of affability, po- 
liteness, and paternal affection. In the field he was 
more than a king, by giving the most condescending 
and unequivocal proofs that his wish was then to be 
considered only as a 7nan; and by fostering under every 
proper and respectful distinction (that suboidination 
could dictate, and unsullied loyalty happily feel) the 
truly extatic sensation of personal equalization with 
his own subjects, of whose affection he had continual 
proofs, and from whom he was conscientiously and 
exultingly convinced he had nothing to fear. Before 
and after, as well as during the chase, he entered into 
all its varieties with the great number of private gen- 
tlemen who constantly attended, and to each individual 
of whom he paid the most marked civilities. Innu- 
merable proofs of this distinguishing trait might be ad- 
duced, but a few will suffice upon the present occa- 

During the indisposition of the late Lord Spencer 

Hamilton, it was his M 's custom to enquire of his 

surgeon (who" constantly hunted) the state of his lord- 
ship's health ; when, being informed " that it was 
thought somewhat improved by Dr. Blenkinsop, of 
Reading, who had been with him all night," his M— 
expressed himself highly pleased with' the kind atten- 
tion of the doctor to his patient, adding, at the same 
time, in the hearing of the whole field, that his con- 
duct was very different to the London physicians, 
whose constant practice it was to alight from their 
chariots, ask a few trifling questions, write their pre- 
scriptions, receive their fee, and then bid you good 
morning. This observation was thought the more ex- 
traordinary, as it was made immediately a r ter his own 


personal experience, and a certain eminent M.D. was 
then in actual attendance, and positively in the line 
of hearers, when the remark was so emphatically made* 

On another occasion, when a Mr. Parry, of ' Bea- 
consfield, sustained a very severe injury by a most 
dreadful fall from his horse, almost at the very mo- 
ment the hounds were seizing the stag, near Hanni- 
kin's Lodge, and was for many moments supposed to 

be dead, his M , with a tenderness so peculiarly 

evident to him, sat on his horse at a few yards dis- 
tance, during the operation of bleeding upon the open 
heath ; the present Lord Sandwich (then Lord Hin- 
chinbroke) bringing repeated injunctions to the sur- 
geon from his M , that Mr. P. should be taken 

home to the house of the practitioner, without ad- 
verting at all to the expence, which should be amply 
compensated, under the instructions of the master of 
the stag-hounds ; a matter that was afterwards oblite- 
rated with the most princely liberality. 

It is much to be lamented (and by the sporting 
world in particular) that a calamitous affliction — an 
affliction which, of all others, places those who are the 
victims to it, in a situation truly pitiable — has now 
denied his Majesty the pursuit of those innocent plea- 
sures and salutary gratifications. After his first ill- 
ness, it was fondly hoped, by a grateful nation, that 
this beloved monarch would again resume ihose diver- 
sions, in which he was fitted to shine with peculiar 
lustre— but, alas! he resumed them for only a short 
time; being, from the repeated attacks of his calamity, 
obliged to decline them altogether. Still his Majesty 
keeps two packs of hounds, with a noble establishment 
S 2 


of old and faithful dependents, as well as a very exten- 
sive stud of the best hunters in the kingdom. 

Although no attachment to the pleasures of the turf 
were discernible, his Majesty never, till indisposition 
obliged him, omitted the honour of his annual visit 
(with his whole family) to the races at Ascot Heath, 
at which place he gives a plate of 100 guineas, to be 
run for on the first day, by such horses as have regu- 
larly hunted with his own hounds the preceding win- 
ter; and this race he was always observed more par- 
ticularly to enjoy, as he was known not only to be at- 
tentive to the perfections of each horse, but to analize 
minutely their qualifications during their exertions in 
the chase. Though the last races were deprived of the 
presence of his Majesty, for the reason above assigned, 
they were, honoured by a visit from the Royal Family. 
• Such has been the sporting character of this illus- 
trious Monarch, whose many other qualifications have 
long been the'theme of general admiration, and whose 
numerous virtues have not only attracted special no- 
tice, but will render his name and memory dear to 
posterity — 

" To arts, as arms, thy genius led the way, 

" And the glad olive mingle with the bay :' 

" Of social life too — thine the faultless plan, 

'*.. Foes warmed to friends, and man acknowledg'd man: 

" Fair times ! when monarchy is happiness ; 

" When rule is freedom, and when power can bless !" 


Every public character, who has in the least de- 
gree contributed towards the well being of society, 


Gierits some notice to posterity ; and few are there to 
be found who have performed a more active part than 
the subject of the present memoir, either in fashionable 
life, or in the more healthful and invigorating pursuits 
of the sports of the field. 

Major Edward Topham is the son of Francis Top- 
ham, Esq. L.L. D. who was master of the faculties and 
judge of the prerogative court of York, at which place 
he resided. He was reckoned one of the most emi- 
nent civilians of his day ; and it was in a great mea- 
sure owing to the number of unfortunate cases that 
came before him as a judge, which he so strongly re- 
presented in a pamphlet addressed to the then Lord 
Hardwicke, that the act which put an end to the Fleet 
marriages passed. It was on this gentleman that Law- 
rence Sterne better known under the name of Tristram 
Shandy, made his first essay m a little pamphlet which 
he called ** The Adventures of a Watebcoat." Here 
Major Topham, who was then a boy at Eton, was first 
ushered into the world of literary warfare, from having 
it stated that his father,, who was there held forth as a 
watchman, " wanted to cut the parish watch-coat into 
a dress for his wife, and a pair of small clothes for his 

The subject of all this originated, says the biogra- 
pher of " Public Characters," in a dispute with Dr. 
Fountain, the late Deau of York, who having ne- 
glected to fulfil an engagement made with Dr. Top- 
ham, engaged Tristram Shandy to endeavour to turn 
his breach of promise into ridicule. The best result 
•was, that it became the means of first bringing forth 
into public notice, and afterwards into public admira- 
tion, Lawrence Sterne as an author, who was at that 


perfod a curat© in the country, and till then totally 

Major Topham passed eleven years at Eton, where 
he was fortunate enough to be distinguished by fre- 
quently having his verses publicly read by the master 
in school, or, as it is there termed, by being " sent up 
for good." He afterwards formed one of the nume- 
rous band of upper boys, who were very severely pu- 
nished for being engaged in the great rebellion that 
took place under Dr. Forster, then master, so highly 
distinguished for his classical knowledge, yet, in the 
ways of the world, a very Parson Adams, and of course 
not well qualified to govern the greatest public semi- 
nary in the kingdom, which at one time boasted fiv« 
hundred and fifty students ! 

After leaving Eton, Major Topham went as a fellow 
commoner to Trinity College, Cambridge. — About 
this time his father died, and in a few months after- 
wards he lost his mother. His father — which is 
somewhat singular — although presiding over the very 
depository of wills, died intestate, and Major Topham 
had thus a good opportunity of beginning life well for a 
young man, for he executed all that his father had in- 
tended to have done ; a circumstance not a little advan- 
tageous to his eldest sister Charlotte, who married Sir 
Griffith Boynton, Bart, now nearly the oldest baro- 
netage in England, and died in child-birth at Burton 
Agnes, in Yorkshire. 

At Cambridge, Major T. remained four years, long 
enough to put on what is there called " an Harry 
Soph's gown," which many people would think was ex- 
changing a good for a bad gown ; that of the fellow- 
commoner being purple and silver, and the Harry Sopfc 
black silk. 


From Cambridge he went abroad for a year and a 
half, and afterwards travelled through Scotland. This 
little tour became better known, as he afterwards gave 
an account of it " in Letters from Edinburgh/' pub- 
lished by Dodsley. As the work of a stripling, they 
were so well received, that the first edition was soon 
out of print. Thence he removed to the seat of all 
human joy, in the eyes of a young man, London, and 
entered into the first regiment of life guards, which in 
the hey-day of the blood may be thought to make that 
still greater. There is a principle about some men that 
never allows them to be quiet or inactive. This ope- 
rated upon Major Topham in full force. He was soon 
appointed adjutant of that corps, and shortly after ex- 
hibited as a character in the windows of all the print- 
shops under the title of " The Tip- top Adjutant/' In 
truth he was a Martinette of his day, and shortly con- 
verted a very heavy ill- disciplined regiment into a ve- 
ry good one. In consequence of this he received seve- 
ral commendatory notices from the King, and the old 
general officers of the time. 

The Major, however, was not so absolutely absorbed 
in military tactics, as even then totally to estrange 
himself from literary pursuits. In the midst of his 
various avocations, he wrote many prologues and epi- 
logues to the dramatic pieces of his friends; and to 
these the wits of the day were pleased to attach so much 
more fashion than falls to the share of fugitive pieces 
in general, that few plays were brought out that did 
not produce a request of this kind. To some of Mr. 
Cumberland's dramatic pieces, and to all those com- 
posed by his friend Mr. Andrews, he gave the last 
word in the shape of an epilogue. Amongst those 
B 4 


that produced the greatest applause on the stage, was 
a prologue spoken by Mr. Lee Lewis, in the character 
of Moliere's old woman, which had the effect of bring- 
ing for many nights together a full house before the 
beginning of the play — a circumstance in dramatic 
story somewhat singular ; and an epilogue that was af- 
terwards delivered by Miss Parren, now Countess of 

The managers of Drury-lane, who had protracted 
their season to great length, at the close of it, to add 
to ttteir profits, let their theatre for a few nights to a 
party, collected heaven knows how! of people who 
fancied they had great stage talents. Hamlet's advice 
to actors formed no part of their tragedy. Amongst 
the rest was the father of Lawrence the painter, who 
having been unsuccessful in the wine trade, as an inn- 
keeper, fancied that he had at least all the spirit neces* 
sary for a tragedian. The tragedy too was new, as 
well as the performers. Horace has observed — 
Si vis roe flere, dolendura est 
Priraum ipsi tibi : 
but this rule, for the first time, was known to be falla- 
cious ; for nothing could be more mournful than the 
performers, as they cried almost from the beginning to 
the end of the piece. One character, in fact, never ap- 
peared without a white handkerchief to be in readiness 
for his grief. The result was, that before half the play 
was over, the audience^ which was very numerous, 
were in a state of convulsion : as the actors roared, 
the spectators roared with merriment, and every tear 
of the performer was accompanied with the laughter of 
the whole audience. Such a tragedy was certainly ne- 
ver performed before, and never has been performed 


*ince. It was this subject, luckiiy occurring at the 
time, that Major Topham selected for an epilogue, 
which was most admirably delivered by Miss Farren^ 
The effect was such, that the elder Colman often de- 
clared that it brought five hundred pounds to the Hay- 
market theatre during that season. The author re- 
ceived from the manager in return, a very handsome 
letter, with the perpetual freedom of the theatre. 

Major Topham remained adjutant of the second life- 
guards about seven years, during which period he suc- 
ceeded in making it the pattern regiment of the king- 
dom, and therefore, in some measure, actually merited 
the appellation of the Tip-top Adjutant. After this, 
in the regular course of purchase and promotion, he 
rose to be a captain, in consequence of which the du- 
ties of adjutant devolved upon another. What to 
many men would have been a recommendation, a life 
of less activity and trouble, was not a life of ease to 
him. Nunquam minus solus, guam cum solus, was ap- 
plied to a character of old; and an active mind is cer- 
tainly never less at ease than when it has nothing to do. 

At this time he first became acquainted with old Mr„ 
Elwes, who frequently used to dine with him on guard,, 
when he was not engaged in the house of commons. 
The son of Mr. Elwes was at that time in the same re- 
giment; and it was from this circumstance that Major 
Topham became enabled to confer on that son those es- 
sential benefits which he afterwards performed. — Hav- 
ing great influence with old Elwes, he had often been 
solicited by his friend to take an opportunity of speak- 
ing to the father on the subject of making a will, as 
from being a natural son he could not have inherited: 
without it. The repugnance to talking about his pro- 
S. 5 


perty, much more to disponing of it, was in IMr. El wet 
inconceivable ; and therefore it was a matter of the ut- 
most delicacy and difficulty. Major Topham, how-* 
ever, was fortunate enough to choose a moment, and 
to find a way to overcome this difficulty, and the two 
sons owe entirely to him the whole of the immens^ 
property they now possess ; and when perhaps this 
property may be estimated at seven hundred thousand 
pounds, it must be considered as a service in point of 
importance, that has seldom been performed by one 
person to another. , 

From being more of a literary man than in general 
falls to the lot of officers, he had frequently at his 
dinner-parties on guard men not usually seen in a mi- 
litary mess. Home Tooke, the elder Colman, M. P. 
-Andrews, John Wilkes, and many other characters 
then well known, were in the habits of visiting him 
there. But although London is a scene which even In 
its very streets can never appear to want bustle and ac- 
tivity, yet when jthose streets have been paced over till 
every stone of them is become familiar employment, 
for an active mind may still be wanting, and 

" Still that something unpossess'd 
Corrodes and leavens all the rest." 

The life of a captain of horse-guards, except when on 
duty, which was only four days in every month, was at 
that time a life of perfect inactivity, and therefore soon 
became irksome to Major Topham. The late Sir 
George Metham used to say, " that a man who does 
not feel his blood galloping as he gallops up Highgate- 
hill," has no further business in London, and with the 
some kind of business he may be thus engaged. But 
all business may become familiar, and thus cease to 
have its allurements. 


A circumstance happened about this time to the ma- 
jor, which, as has been said, gave a sort of distin- 
guishing colour to his future life. Mrs. Wells, of Dru- 
ry-lane theatre, confessedly one of the most beautiful 
women of the day in which she lived, through the me- 
dium of a friend, sent to request him to write her an 
epilogue for her benefit. He naturally did not deny 
$er request, and of course the reading and instructing 
her in the delivery produced interviews which the com- 
pany of a woman so beautiful must always make dan- 
gerous. There are, as Sterne says, " certain chords, 
and vibrations, and notes that are correspondent in the 
human feelings, which frequent interviews awaken into 
harmony/' and— if puns did not require spelling — fre- 
quently produce a consort. 

What did occur may be easily supposed : a mutual 
intercourse, in consequence of mutual affection in pro- 
gress of fcfme took place betwixt them. It may also be 
naturally supposed,, that in return for the greatest gift 
a man can receive, the heart of a most beautiful wo- 
man, that he would devise every method to become ser- 
viceable to her interests and dramatic character, and 
think his time and talents never better employed than 
in advancing the reputation of her he loved. This de- 
sire, indeed, gave a new spur to his mind, and a fresh 
activity to his genius. It was this idea that first in- 
spired the thought of establishing a public print. It 
has been said more than metaphorically, that" love 
first created The World." Here it was realised. Gal- 
lantry began what literature supported, and politics 
finished. It was thus, a6 we understand, from a wish 
to assist Mrs. Wells in her dramatic life, that the pa- 
per of the World first originated, and which, begiuning 


from the passion for a fine woman, attracted to itself 
shortly afterwards as much public notice as ever fell to- 
the share of a daily, and constantly a very fugitive pub- 

Mr. John Bell, who was then one of the most popu- 
lar booksellers of the time, having by some accident, 
heard of this intention, proposed himself, under the 
condition of a third share, and the advantages result- 
ing from printing and publishing the paper. . No one 
was better experienced in this department of a public 
print. He had been an original proprietor of the . 
Morning Post, and was as well acquainted as any man 
•with the nature and taste of London itself. From the 
dispositions he made, together with his unexampled 
dexterity and perseverance, perhaps, more from the 
conversation which was generally held that such a pub- 
lication was about to come forth, in one week the de- 
mand for The World exceeded that which had been 
made in the same time for any other newspaper.. 
With the exception of the Anti-jacobin, no public print 
ever went upon the same ground ; not depending so 
much on the immediate occurrence or scandal of the 
day, as upon the style of writing and the pleasantries 
that appeared there. In truth, some of the most in- 
genious men contributed towards it;, and when the. 
names of Merry, Jerningham, Andrews, Mrs. Cow- 
ley, Mrs. Robinson, Jekyll, and Sheridan are men- 
tioned as having frequently appeared in this print, the 
remark will not be doubted. The poetry of The 
World was afterwards collected into four volumes. 
Merry and Mrs. Cowley were the Delia Crusca and 
Anna Matilda, who were so long admired, and who, 
during the whole writing of those very beautiful poems^, 
*vere perfectly unknown to each other. 


But admired as these productions, and many others 
were, that appeared in the paper of the World, it is a 
singular fact that the correspondence of two boxers, 
Humphries and Mendoza, raised the sale of the paper 
to a higher degree than all the contributions of the most 
ingenious writers. It was the fashion of that time for 
the pugilists to send open challenges to each other, and 
thus publicly announce their days of fighting. This 
they chose to do through The World, as considering it 
the most fashionable paper; and their writing beat 
Sheridan all to pieces. What shall we say to this ? 
Does it not realise the worlds of Johnson on the sub- 
ject of the stage ? 

" But still reflect, our fate is not our choice, 
The stage but echoes back the people's voice ; 
The Drama's laws, the Drama's patrons give, 
For they who live to please, must please to live. ,J 

In a short time Mrs. Wells by her own intrinsic me- 
rit, added to a little instruction, rose to be one of the 
first actresses of her time. They who remember her 
and Edwifi for four years, drawing crowded audiences 
to the Haymarket theatre, to the self-same perform- 
ances, willjudge whether this must not have been true; 
and they who have seen others repeat the same charac- 
ters, may, perhaps, observe in the language of Shakes- 
pear — 

u Alack the day ! seeing what we have seen,. 
Seeing what we see I" 

Major Topham's wishes,, therefore were fully gra- 
tified. The paper of The World, of which he was. 
editor, had extended itself beyond his utmost expecta- 
tions. It was looked to as a repository for all the best 
writers of the day; it gave the tone to politics, and 


what to him was still dearer, it contributed to the fame 
of the woman he loved. 

But alas! the dearest and most sanguine of our 
hopes are but as breath. Mrs. Wells, in her eagerness 
to appear in a particular part, to oblige the manager 
of Covent-garden, too soon after a lying-in of her last 
child, produced a revolution of her milk, which after- 
wards flew to her head, and occasionally disordered 
her brain. It can only be they who once knew her as 
ehe really was, that will join with us in exclaiming — 
" Oh ! what a noble mind was there o'erthrown !" 

On this melancholy event taking place, the paper of 
The World, at which Major Topham had incessantly 
laboured for nearly five years, and which had now at- 
tained an unrivalled degree of eminence, lost in his eyes 
all its charms. He first determined to let it, reserv- 
ing a certain profit from its sale; and in a short time 
he resolved to dispose of it altogether. Reynolds, the 
dramatist, on this occasion alluding to the name of 
the paper, quoted not unaptly the following phrase:-— 

« Who was it lost Mark Anthony the World ?. 
A woman." 

They who have known what the daily supply, the 
daily toil, the daily difficulty, the hourly danger, and 
the incessant tumult of a morning paper is, can alone 
know that chaos of the brain in which a man lives who 
has all this to undergo. Terror walks before him — 
fatigue bears him down — libels encompass him, and 
distraction attacks him on every side. He must be a 
literary man, and a commercial man ; he must be a 
political man, and a theatrical man ; and must run 
through all the changes from a pantomime to a prime 
gunister. What every man is pursuing, he must be 


engaged in; and from the very nature and " front of 
his offence," he must be acquainted with all the wants, 
the weaknesses, and wickedness, from one end of Lon- 
don to the other. 

To view all this might gratify curiosity for the mo- 
ment: to live in it is to guide a little boat in a storm 
under a battery of great guns firing at him every mo- 
ment ; but even this has an advantage; it may endear 
retirement or make seclusion pleasant. In fact, and 
without a pun, on quitting The World, Major Topham 
retired to his native county, and has lived two hun- 
dred miles from the metropolis, without once visiting 
it during the space of six whole years. 

Who could have done this ? Who could have thought 
that remote hills, solitary plains, and, what is worse, 
country conversation, would have found charms suffi- 
cient to detain a town made man from the streets of 
London ? The physicians would answer, " cooling 
scenes are the lenitives of fever." After the long la- 
bours of a sultry day, where can the weary fly better 
than to the shade ? The man thus circumstanced will 
naturally say — 

" rus! quando ego, te aspiciam, quandoque licibit 

Ducere solicitse jucunda oblivia vitae !" 

Major Topham, we understand, has not found, eveji 
in retirement, time hang heavy upon his hands. The 
duties of a country magistrate, in a large county, are 
very great, and very incessant. He has a considerable 
farm of some hundred acres under his own manage- 
ment, and his occasional hours he is dedicating to the 
compilation of a history of his own life. He has along 
with him, those who in his retirement have proved his 
fecst solace, three daughters, who are said to be nearly 


as beautiful as their mother, and whose manners and 
understandings are reported by those who bave seen 
them, to be equal to all that might be expected. 

Major Topham, living in the Wolds of Yorkshire, 
has not been insensible to the pleasure derived from 
rural sports. Among other country amusements, he 
has founded many coursing establishments. He was the 
possessor of the celebrated greyhound Snowball, bro- 
ther to Major, the property of Colonel. Thornton — 
whose breed is so well known, and so highly esteemed 
in the sporting world. The daughters of Major Top- 
ham are greatly distinguished for their superior skill in, 
horsemanship. - 

One of the last of his literary works * was the Life 
of Mr. Elwes. If wide-spread circulation be any test 
of merit, it certainly had this to boast, ft was originr 
ally published in numbers in The World, which it raised 

* Amongst his dramatic productions are to be reckoned a 
farce, produced, under the management of Mr. Sheridan at 
Drury^lane, called " Deaf Indeed," respecting which the audi- 
ence fully justified the title, by not hearing above half of it. To 
that succeeded, at the same theatre, a farce called " The Fool," 
first produced for the benefit of Mrs. Wells, and afterwards re- 
peated for many nights. The fame which Mrs. Wells had ac- 
quired in her performance of Becky Cadwallader,. suggested the 
Jdea of the latter production, and she realised all the expecta- 
tions that had been. formed upon this occasion. 

His next was entitled '" Bonds without Judgment," performed 
for many successive nights at Covent-garden. His last farce re- 
ceived the appellation of ** The Westminster Boy ;" and being 
brought out for the benefit of Mrs. Wells, proved so in reality. — 
not a Westminster boy being absent who could procure money to 
purchase admittance. For them, the very name was sufficient ; 
and concluding there must be something hostile in it, they began, 
by signal, their, operations against, it, as Mr, Holman com- 


m sale about one thousand papers. It was thence co- 
pied into all the different provincial ones, and after- 
wards, with some revisions, collected and published in 
a volume. It is now passing through an eleventh edi- 
tion.'' The late Horace Walpole used to say of it, 
" that it was the best collection of genuine anecdote he 

Nor has this author been less distinguished for his 
knowledge and experience as a sportsman, having very 
handsomely contributed his assistance in writing an in- 
teresting account of " ancient and modern coursing, v 
for an elegant and popular work, entitled, " The Spa '> 
man's Cabinet." 

In the last place, we find his pen employed in the 
production of many interesting notes to a new and 
beautiful edition of Somervile's Chase, illustrated with 
engravings by that ingenious artist Mr. John Scott, 

No man has more of the manners of a gentleman, or 
more of the ease and elegance of fashionable life, than 
Major Topham ; though fond of retirement, he com- 
municates himself through a large circle of acquaint- 
ance, and is of a temper so easy and companionable, 
that those who see him once, know him; and those 
who know him have a pleasing acquaintance : and, if 
services are required, a warm and zealous friend. His 
knowledge of life and manners, enlivens his conversa- 
tion with a perpetual novelty, while his love of humour 
■ ■ • . -*. 

roenced the prologue. The fact we understand to be, that the 
name was merely taken to introduce Mrs. Wells, who was a 
beautiful figure in boy's clothes, in the dress of a Westminster 
boy. But this, among a thousand others in Stage History, will re- 
wain to prove how the fate of many pieces have beea determined 
an ideas totally mistaken. 


and ridicule, always restrained within the bounds of 
benevolence and good-nature, add to the pleasures of 
the social table, and animate the jocundity of the fes- 
tive board. 


A match, which had excited much interest in the 
sporting world, and which amongst that community 
is denominated a steeple-race — the parties undertaking 
to surmount all obstructions, and to pursue in their 
progress as straight a line as possible. The contest 
lay between Mr. Bullivant of Sproxton, Mr. Day of 
Wymondham, and Mr. Frisby of Waltham, and was 
for a sweepstakes of 100 guineas staked by each. They 
started from Womack's Lodge, at half-past twelve 
o'clock, (the riders attired in handsome jockey dresses 
of orange, crimson, and sky-blue, respectively worn 
by the gentlemen in the order we have named them 
above) to run round Woodal-head and back again— 
a distance somewhat exceeding eight miles. They con- 
tinued nearly together, until they came within a mile 
and a half of the goal, when Mr. Bullivant— on his 
well-known horse, Sentinel — took the lead, and ap- 
pearances promised a fine race between him and Mr. 
Day ; but unfortunately in passing through a hand- 
gate, owing partly to a slip, Mr. Day's horse's shoulder 
came in full contact with the gate-post; the rider was 
thrown with great violence, and, as well as the horse, 
was much hurt. Nevertheless, Mr. Day remounted 
in an instant, and continued his course. Mr. Bulli- 
vant, however, during the interruption, made such 
progress as enabled him to win the race easily. The 
contest for a second place uow became extrernely- 


severe between Mr. Day and Mr. Frisby : the last half 
mile was run neck and neck, and Mr. Day only beat 
his opponent by half a neck. The race was performed 
in 25 minutes 32 seconds. 


At Lima the diversion of cock-fighting is followed 
with great avidity, where it was not under any regu- 
lation till 1 76*2, the duties of society were not only neg- 
lected by many individuals, but there were continual 
disputes among the amateurs. At length the little 
square of St. Catherine, near the walls of the city, was 
fixed upon for this amusement only. It is observed 
that the brook running here, and the gardens which 
almost surround this spot, the goodness of air, &c. 
render the situation most delightful. The building in 
which the sport is carried on, forms a kind of amphi- 
theatre: the seats naturally ascend, leaving nine open 
spaces between them for the spectators, who stand. 
On the outside of the amphitheatre is a very commo- 
dious stair-case, which leads to the upper galleries, 
twenty-nine in number, not including that of the judge, 
which is distinguished by its decorations and its mag- 
nitude. Here this amusement is permitted not only 
two days in the week, but on Saint's days and on Sun- 
days ; the seats in the corridors are let at different 
prices, but the spectators who stand in the nine open 
spaces between the area and the galleries, are admitted 
gratis. Notwithstanding the crowd is often immense, 
no disorders occur, as the judge, who decrees the. 
prizes to the winners, has always a guard with him to 
enforce his authority. 

Tennis is a game which is free to every one, and is 


also a very wholesome recreation : the plays are un- 
der no other restriction, excepting that of confining the 
sums they play for within four piastres. 

The bull-fights here, are regulated both as to time 
and place; and when the combatants want an oc- 
casion to shew their valour, they excite admiratioi* 
by their activity. The cruel custom of ham-stringing 
the animals that are b ward in resenting all other 
provocation, is extrer ely blameable, and growing 
much out of repute. During the whole time, how- 
ever, the spectators are perpetually teased by the sellers 
of a kind of punch, which the Spaniards call agu de 
berros; but so strongly impregnated with brandy, that 
it would be fatal to drink it in a country less tempe- 
rate than Peru ; in fine, the bull fights are attended 
with much less* cruelty than they were, only six years 

The most fashionable walk, or promenade, is that 
of Jllameda, which is most frequented on Sundays, 
New Year's Day, and Twelfth Day, (when. the judges, 
or alcaides are elected,) and the 2d of August. The, 
horse-races between the mountains in the environs of 
Lima, commence on St. John's Day, June 24-th, and 
continue till the end of September. The dew that falls 
during those months, covering the shrubs and flowers 
in the sandy plains which terminate the valley, render 
the season truly delightful; but nothing is so fatal in 
this climate, as for Europeans to remain out late at 
night, exposed to the air, or, as they sometimes do^ 
when they sleep in the slender huts belonging to the 
native Indians. 

Here the number of carriages of all descriptions, the 
variety of their forms and colours, the elegance of the 


liveries and the persons of rank that frequent the 
course, with the magnificent dress of the ladies who 
grace the scene, render the spectacle indescribably 
pleasing: however, there is a stiffness and formality 
among people of fashion, in their manner of saluting 
each other, which, as it has been long looked upon as 
ridiculous, is now beginning] >B wear off apace. 

The promenade of La Piedr^Lisa, is formed for the 
lovers of tranquillity and meditation. The foliage of 
the tr^es by which it is circumscribed, the agreeable 
umbrage, and the proximity of the river, with the ex- 
tensive views of the valley oi" Lurigonehu, the cultiva- 
ted state of the country, and the beautiful landscape 
which it offers to the eye, fill the mind with the most 
grateful conceptions. In every other respect, the 
amusements of the city are daily, as it were, approxi- 
mating nearer to the taste of the great cities of Europe, 
if we make allowance for some customs, manners, and 
peculiarities, which in all countries, like the idioms of 
a language, are transferrable. 


An unparalleled instance of the power of a horse, 
when assisted by art, was shewn near Croydon. The 
Surry Iron Rail-way, being completed, and opened for 
the carriage of goods all the way from Wandsworth to 
Merstham, a bet was made between two gentlemen, that 
a common horse could draw 36 tons for six miles along 
the road, and that he should draw his weight from a dead 
pull, as well as turn it round the occasional^windings of 
the road. 3 


A number of gentlemen assembled near Merstham to 
see this extraordinary triumph of art. Twelve waggons 
loaded with stones, each waggon weighing above three 
tons, were chained together, and a horse taken pro- 
miscuously from the timber cart of Mr. Harwood, was 
yoked into the team. He started from near the Fox 
public-house, and drew the immense chain of waggons 
with apparent ease to near the turnpike at Croydon, a 
distance of six miles, in one hour and forty-one mi- 
nutes, which is nearly at the rate of four miles an hour. 
In the course of this time he stopped four times, to 
shew that it was not by the impetus of the descent that 
the power was acquired — and after each stoppage he 
drew off the chain of waggons from a dead rest. Hav- 
ing gained his wager, Mr. Banks, the gentleman who 
laid the bet, directed four more loaded waggons to be 
added to the cavalcade, with which the same horse 
again set off with undiminished power. And still fur- 
ther to shew the effect of the rail-way in facilitating 
motion, he directed the attending workmen, to the 
number of about fifty, to mount on the waggons, and 
the horse proceeded without the least distress; and in 
truth, there appeared to be scarcely any limitation to 
the power of his draught. After the trial, the wag- 
gons were taken to the weighing machine, and it ap- 
peared that the whole weight was as follows :— 

Ton. Cwt. Q. 
12 Waggons, first linked together weighed 38 4 2. 
A> Ditto, afterwards attached - - 13 2 

Supposed weight of fifty labourers - 4 

Tons 55 6 2 



During his reign, Wladimir bad many wars to 
sustain, particularly against the Petchenegians. In 
one of the incursions of these people, the two armies 
were on the eve of a battle, being only separated by 
the waters of Troubeje, when their prince advanced 
and proposed to terminate the difference by single com- 
bat between two champions ; the people whose com- 
batant should be overcome, not to take up arms against 
the other nation for three years. 

The Russian sovereign accepted the proposal, and 
they reciprocally engaged to produce their champions. 
Among the troops of the Petchenegians was a man of 
an athletic make and colossal stature, who, vain of 
his strength, paced the bank of the river, loading the 
Russians with every species of insult, and provoking 
them by threatening gestures to enter the lists with 
him, at the same time ridiculing their timidity. The 
soldiers of Wladimir long submitted to these insults ; 
no one offered himself to the encounter, the gigantic 
figure of their adversary terrifying the whole of them. 
The day of combat being arrived, they were obliged to 
supplicate for longer time. 

At length an old man approached Wladimir ; — " My 
lord," said he, " I have five sons, four of whom are 
in the army ; as valiant as they are, none of them is 
equal to the fifth, who possesses prodigious strength/' 
The young man was immediately sent for. Being 
brought before the prince, he asked permission to make 
a public trial of bjs strength. A vigorous bull was ir- 


ritaled with red hot irons: the young Russian stopped 
the furious animal in his course, threw him to the 
ground, and tore his skin and flesh. This proof in- 
spired the greatest confidence. The hour of battle ar- 
rives; the two champions advance between the camps, 
and the Petchenegian could not restrain a contemp- 
tuous smile when he observed the apparent weakness 
of his adversary, who was yet without a beard: but 
being quickly attacked with as much impetuosity as 
vigour, crushed between the arms of the young Rus- 
sian, he is stretched expiring on the dust, The Petche- 
negians, seized with terror, took to flight ; the Rus- 
sians pursued, and completely overthrew them. 

The sovereign loaded the conqueror, who was only 
a simple currier, with honours and distinctions. He 
was raised, as well as his father, to the rank of the 
grandees, and to preserve the remembrance of this 
action, the prince founded the city of Pereisaslavle on 
the field of battle, which still holds a distinguished 
rank among those of the government of Kiof. 


An able calculator estimates the number of persons 
belonging to the metropolis, who spend the Sunday in 
the adjacent villages, inns, tea-houses, gardens, &c. 
at two hundred thousands. 

These, he calculates, will spend each half-a-crown, 
amounting in the whole to twenty-five thousand 
pounds. This sum, he thinks, cannot be thought ex- 
aggerated, when it is considered that he has taken the 
numbers 60 low us two hundred thousand, and the sunn 
spent by each at balf-a-crown. 


Twenty-five thousand pounds, multiplied by the 
number of Sundays in a year, give, as the annual con~ 
sumption of that day of rest, the immense sum of one 
million three hundred thousand pounds. 

Of these two hundred thousand persons, he calcu- 
lates the returning situations as follow : — 

Sober 50,000 

In high glee -.-90,300 

D runkish - 30,000 

Staggering tipsy 1 0,000 

Muzzy 1 5,000 

Dead drunk- - 5,000 


N.B. In the above calculation we think the num- 
bers exaggerated, but the sum is, perhaps, under the 
truth. Much, however, will depend on weather. 


So, Miss Hectic died this morning of a consump- 
tion. She was .10 more than seventeen — a sweet girl [ 
Ah me ! is she dead r Poor thing what's trumps r 

The man is dead, my dear, whom we employed to 
clear the mouth of the well behind our house, and 
which he fell into. Is he ? I thought he could not re- 
cover. — Play a spade, madam. 

There were upwards of four thousand killed in the 
last engagement. How many childless parents are now 
in sorrow ! Ah! how many indeed ! — The odd trick. 

The Captain is now reduced to such poverty, that 
{ am told it would be a charity to send a joint of meat 


to his family. That's hard — I have not a heart in- 
deed, Sir. 

He fell on his head, and has been delirious ever* 
since ; and the physicians have no hopes that he will 
ever recover the use of his reason. Oh ! I recollect 
that he rode against somebody — Play a spade if you 

The prospect to the poor, this winter, is dreadful in- 
deed. There will be a powerful appeal to the feelings 
of the rich. Yes — one really gives so much in cha- 
rity 1 will bet you a guinea on the game. 

Pray, Lady , have you heard of the dreadful 

accident which has happened to Mrs. r What! 

her son drowned ? O yes — Mind we are eight, partner. 

George, madam, George — I am sorry to say it- 
put an end to his life last Tuesday. You don't say so? 
— I had two honours in my own hand. 

Yes ; and as misfortunes never come alone, his mo- 
ther and sister are in a state of distraction. Dear me, 
that's bad Single, double, and the rub. 


A. B. was born in the year — no matter what : big 
parents were — no matter who : he had a pleasani chub- 
by countenance, frisked about in his nurse's arms, said 
fa when he was bid, and every body pronounced him 
to be— a sucet baby. 

After thi?, he began to walk alone : went from one 
end of the room to the other ; spoke pa and ma, and 
several other words, distinctly; and looked so charm- 
ing, that every body declared he was— a pretty bey. 

Jie was now sent to school, where he learned his 


letters so well, that in a year or two he could read a 
lesson in the spelling-book, and repeat it to his papa 
and mamma by heart, on condition of receiving a 
slice of plumb-cake; and was always desired to walk 
in and be admired by the company, who agreed that 
he was— a charming child. 

In his progress, by listening to the conversation of 
those about him, he acquired a perfect memory, as 
well as the prompt and proper application of common- 
phrases in common speech ; which he delivered with 
such a pleasing accent, and unblushing countenance, 
that he universally acquired the character of — a won* 
derful boy for his years. 

He was now sent to a superior school, and began to 
study Latin, arithmetic, &c. Here he equalled at 
least, if not excelled, his fellow scholars in his pro- 
ficiency in learning, as well as at cricket, marbles, 
tops, &c. and played so many droll tricks at the ex- 
pence of his ushers and school-fellows, that they had 
no scruple in pronouncing him — a clever lad. 

He was next sent to college, where he out-did all 
his competitors in the midnight frolic ; played an excel- 
lent hand at whist; learned to drink his bottle ; and 
was so pleasant in singing a catch or a glee, that they 
all agreed in bestowing upon him, the epithet of — 
a promising fellow . 

Here, too, he distinguished himself in certain amours, 
rather of the expensive kind, though they did not ex- 
tend to higher game than his bed-maker, or his laun- 
dress's daughter. When his acquaintances heard of his 
gallantries, they cried out in extacy, that he was — a 
wild dog. 

His term being over, he was sent to London, and 
c 2 


placed in one of the inns of court, as the proper place 
to study law, and see the world. Here he formed a 
new set of acquaintances, with whom he ate, drank, 
and gamed. He was the life and soul of his company ; 
for he knew more, and had more ready money, as well 
as wit, than any of them ; and the sly old benchers of 
the inns, shook their heads, and declared he was— a 
fine dashing fellow. 

In his anxiety to see the world, he frequented all 
kinds of company, from the clubs in St. James's, to 
the cellars in St. Giles's ; and made such droll re- 
marks on what he saw, and seemed to enter so hear- 
tily into every kind of conviviality, that although some 
thought him mad, yet the majority pronounced him — 
a queer dog, and no fool. 

He now began to dress in style, dine in style, give 
dinners in style, and keep women in style. He was a 
great man at the coffee-houses ; in the box-lobbies of 
the theatres his person was an object, his opinion a 
law : and from his many transactions of public noto- 
riety, people began to consider him as — a man of the 

In the process of time, he learned to judge of horse- 
flesh; frequented the races; betted considerably ; and 
won large sums. Lords now shook hands with him, 
' and grave senators asked his opinion, not on state, but 
stable affairs; and he was known in the Turf Coffee- 
house, as one of the fraternity. In a word, he was 
considered to be— a knowing one. 

But, somehow or other, his fortune, which had for 
some time been in his own hands, began to decrease ; 
lie was less successful in his bets ; his bills remained 
unpaid for months; tradesmen began to be clamorous ; 


money must be had ; and to get it, he ventured to lay 
a plant, slip a card, cog a die, and practise many 
schemes which the world does not approve of, nor 
think quite consistent with honesty; and became — a 
complete black leg. 

Amidst all this, he never was an apostate to the 
cause of the fail sex, but pursued his amours with in- 
constant constancy ; and, with the advantages of a 
good person, some art, and more assurance, he was 
set down for — a devil among the women. 

By degrees, however, be found his affairs so much 
deranged, that he came to the resolution to sell the 
remainder of what he possessed, buy an annuity, and 
retire from public business, and life. In managing 
this matter, he made so good a bargain, that even the 
Jews shook their heads, stroked their beards, and 
swore — Ash Got's my judge, he is no Chreshtian / 

After this, he enjoyed himself to a pretty advanced 
age ; having gone through, beside the characters above- 
mentioned, several others, such as, an odd fellow, 
buck, hearty cock, pleasant dog, &c. At length, his 
whole course being run, he died at his lodgings, at a 
hair-dresser's in Chancery-lane, leaving his moveable 
and personal effects to an old woman who swept his 
room, made his bed, and tucked him up; which oc- 
casioned people to say — he was still the old man. 

There was not enough left, however, to bury him, 
and the parish took this expence off the shoulders of 
his wealthy old friends, who signified their concern at 
his death, by the tenderest exclamation, " Poor devil ! 
What ! is he dead ! — well, 1 knew him once— a fine 
fellow r 

c 3 



The Rev. Mr. H. a gentleman of singular humouiy 
and brother to a no less singular law-peer, retired to 
east' and independence, as the Rector of — — , in the 
county of Kent. Being a justice of the peace, he was 
frequently teazed with some idle differences among the 
inhabitants of the. place. Not being willing to be bro- 
ken in upon by such frivolous complaints, when appli- 
cation was made to him for redress of some imaginary 
injury, his custom was to dismiss them, with saying, 
" He would send for them when he had leisure to at- 
tend to their business/'--- The first rainy day that next 
happened, be took care to mad for the parties and re- 
ceived them sitting in the porch of the door, which just 
provided shelter for himself and his clerk, whilst the 
complainants were obliged to stand exposed to the in- 
clement sky, all the while uncovered, to pay proper re- 
spect to the king's justice of the peace. By this means 
he entirely cured the country folks in the neighbour- 
hood of litigious dispositions. His blunt manner of en- 
forcing wholesome truths as a clergyman, was as re- 
markable as his peculiarity in the commission of the 
peace. One Sunday he was preaching on moral duties 
from these words: — Render therefore unto all their 
due." — In explaining his text, he observed, that there 
were duties which a man owed to himself as well as to 
others. " And," added he, " when they are not at- 
tended to, I never have a good opinion of that man. 
For this reason," he proceeds, turning himself to a 
particular part of the church, " I have never had a 
good opinion of you John Trott, since you sold me 


those sheep six months ago, and have never called for 
the money." 


The stoat, from its size, is as little regarded by the 
farmer as the common rat, but our more experienced, 
vermin catchers, acquainted with their destructive ha- 
bits among the poultry, and in the warrens, contrive 
every means to take them, but for all their ingenuity 
this is but seldom effected. — The character of this 
creature is greatly to be dreaded : to the ferocity of 
the wolf, he unites the craftiness of the fox; and were 
his powers equal to his courage, when he seizes his 
prey, our larger animals would not be able to resist his 

In a small lawn where there was a peacock, with 
several hens about him, a stoat was seen creeping from 
.under an old vine towards them, and in an instant it 
seized on the neck of the male bird, pinning his head to 
the ground, while with its sharp nails, it was tearing 
away the feathers to come better at the throat of the 
peacock, whose screams brought a labouring man to 
its assistance, and notwithstanding his hasty approach, 
the stoat would not quit his hold till the man had 
broken his loins with a blow from his shovel. 

The difference in shape between the stoat and the 
weasel is so small, that they have frequently been de- 
scribed under the same denomination. 

Its length is about ten inches ; the tail about five 

inches and a half, very hairy, sometimes tipped with 

white at the end, but generally black ; the edge of the 

ears, and tips of the toes are of a yellowish white. I* 

C 4 


other respects it resembles the weasel in colour as well 
as form. 

The stoat is found white in Britain during the win- 
ter seasons; its fur, however, among us is of little 

Its courage at all times makes it a formidable enemy 
to the farmers, and of course particularly to be guarded 


In the course of last winter L— d Y — s's foxhounds, 
of B — y had many fine runs. In one of them they had 
pursued a fox nearly three hours, and were gaining on 
him, when it happened that a man thrashing in a barn, 

at the village of H y, heard the hounds' cry ; he 

ran out, and seeing poor reynard coming towards the 
barn, the fellow returned and fetched a fowling piece, 
which he kept for shooting sparrows, and with which 
he shot the fox, and afterwards took him into the barn, 
covered him up, and commenced thrashing. The 
hounds shortly came up, and were in course at fault. 
A person near, who saw the transaction, communicated 

it to J. U y, Esq. of W n, who was up first with 

the hounds. He, with the true spirit of a sportsman, 
instantly dismounted, entered the barn and demanded of 
the rustic their game. The fellow stood for some time 
speechless with apprehension, and, fearing to swallow 

half his teeth from the fist of Mr. U y, he pointed to 

where poor reynard lay under the straw. Mr. U y 

took him by the hind legs, and so thrashed the fellow 
about the head and face, that he was forced to make 
his escape from the barn. Had not this straight for- 


ward rustic put an end to the fox in this way, it would 
have been one of the finest runs those hounds had 
during the season, as he was making for the clays, a 
very strong country, and where it is presumed few 
would have been in at the death. 



I must now beg you to accompany me to the hu$ 
of an ancient man; nor shall I make an apology for 
the liberty I take with you, since you liberally allow, 
I have more than once convinced you that places the 
least productive of scenic beauty, and the least distin- 
guished in the map of the world, are the most favour- 
able to the lover of his kind, and to the examiner of 
human nature. If it be true, that 

Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, 

It is the business of the moral florist; or, shall we ra- 
ther say, of the mental botanist, to take care that every 
specimen of Nature's noblest blooms and plants, shall 
not to 

Waste their sweetness in the desert air. 

Instead, then, of asking your pardon, let me de- 
mand your thanks for now leading you over the un- 
sheltered heath and open fields from Woodhurst to 
Warboys. There, passing a hamlet, let me conduct 
you along the dreary moor, cold and comfortless as it 
is, but which supplies with many a warm sensation — 
the peasant's hearth with peat, turf, and other cottage- 
fuel of the fenland poor. 

c 5 


Reared of those turfs, on a few poles by way of 
pillars, and here and there a rude lath to fence the 
sides, and to foim the door-way, behold a soit of her- 
mit-seeming hovel. Yet it is not the abode of an an- 
choret : it is the daily retirement of a social old man, 
aged ninety-three years, whose name is John Grounds. 
He has followed the occupation of a mole-catcher forty 
of those years, gaining from the parish the sum of two- 
pence for the capture of each mole; and, so uninter- 
rupted has been his health, that he has not been pre- 
vented in his employment more than thrice in the 
whole of that long space of time, though the walk from 
his cottage at Warboys to his turf hovel on the moor, 
is a full English league, and most of his time passed 
upon marshy land, amidst humidity and vapours. 

Yet how few people who live in the air of a palace, 
and in the bosom of luxury, can vie with our poor fen- 
lander, in all that makes life desirable — health, spirits, 
and content. 

But having shewn you his place of business by day, 
I will re-conduct you to the hut where he has passed 
the nights of those forty years in unbroken repose ; 
and as we bend our way to the spot, I will present 
you with a true portrait of the man, and a brief 
sketch of his family, and of his adventures. 

John Grounds, about sixty years preceding the date 
of this letter, had been a follower of my father's 
hounds, and distinguished himself as a lover of the 
sport ; to partake of which, he would bound over the 
interposing fields, hedges, and ditches, with almost the 
speed, and more of the spirit, than the hounds them- 
selves, upon the first summons of the bugle-horn. 
This early activity recommended him to the notice of 


the huntsman, who preferred him to the whipper-in- 
ship then vacant ; and having, in this office, acquitted 
himself much to the satisfaction of the squire, and of 
the pack, which, as he used to say, " all loved him to 
a dog," he was elevated, on the removal of his first 
patron, to another appointment, even to the entire 
command of the kennel; a situation which be rilled 
for many years with great dignity and reputation. 
And although it was not till late in his reign, I was of 
sufficient age to form any personal opinion of those 
achievements, which to the enthusiasts of the field- 
sports are reckoned as important as any which are ap- 
preciated by heroes of another description, in the field 
of battle — and perhaps with more reason, certainly 
with less criminality, considering the general causes of 
war. I was old enough before he resigned the camns 
sceptre, to attest that his government exhibited that 
happy mixture of fortitude and moderation, encou- 
raging the true, correcting the false, paying honor to 
the sagacious, and rearing up the young and thought- 
less to steady excellence, at the same time punishing, 
the babbler, and teaching the ignorant. — And I re- 
member, I even then thought that poor John Grounds 
might furnish no mean model, whereby to form those 
who are destined to rule a more disorganized and ex- 
tensive empire; and how often has this idea since oc- 
curred to me, as I traced back the events of my boyish 
days ! That simple monarch of my father's kennel, 
thought I, might come forth in the blameless majesty 
of dominion, and dictate wisdom to ministers and 

The only poetical work which my father seemed 
truly to enjoy, was Somervilie's fine poem of the Chase, 


and often meeting it in my way, I perused and re- 
perused it with avidity ; not so much from any love of 
its glorious subject, as my father often called it, nor 
because I caught any thing of the spirit which the music 
of hounds and of the horn is said to inspire, for I was 
extremely degenerate in that respect; but because I 
seemed to be led over hills and dales, and scoured the 
plains, and followed the echoes through their woods, 
and brushed the dew, and passed the stream in com- 
pany and under the muses. These appeared to show 
me the hare, her velocity and her energy, without 
worrying her. In numbers more harmonious than the 
sounds which were reverberated from the hills or 
thickets, these tuneful associates brought every thing 
of beauty and of sense to my mind's eye: and in re- 
citing aloud different passages, that painted the love- 
liness of early morn, the fragrance of nature, the sa- 
gacity of the dog, and the pride of the horse, I was 
not seldom praised by my dear father, who thought 
me at length a convert to the joys and honours of the 
chase, when in effect I was only animated by the 
charms of verse; and 1 was complimented for my 
feelings being congenial with the sportsman, when in 
truth I was in raptures only with the poet. 

As time warned my father of the necessity of relin- 
quishing the vehement exercise connected with these 
diversions, John Grounds passed with a fair character 
mto the service of Lady St. John of Bletsoe, as her 
Ladyship's gamekeeper, in which office he remained, 
*in " goodly favour and liking," as he expressed it, til} 
the sorrowful day of her death. After this he mar- 
. ried, and lived well pleased till his first wife's decease r 
but he found 'the holy estate so happy, that he entered 


upon it again ; and jocosely now advises, bis second 
dame not to give him another opportunity, for fear 
the third time should not be so favourable. 

This-mole catching is united with the occupation of 
bird frighter, in those parts of the year when the fea- 
thered plunderers assault the corn or fruits; or when, 
as their poetical advocate observed, " the birds of 
heaven assert their right to, and vindicate their grain." 
But, u poor fools/' would Grounds often say, " I 
sometimes think they have as good a right to a plumb, 
or a cherry, or a wheat-ear, as any Christian person; 
and so I seldom pop at them with any thing but pow- 
der ; and that more for the pleasure of hearing the 
noise of the gun, than to do any execution : except 
now and then, indeed, I let fly at a rascally old kite, 
who would pounce upon cherry and bird too, and 
carry off one of my chicks into the bargain, if it lay 
in his way." 

" And when do I try my hand at a thief, I am not 
often wide of my mark, cried the old man in a late in- 
terview ; " I can still give him a leaden luncheon when 
I have a mind to it. Now and then, too, a carrion 
crow, with a murrain to him, and a long-necked heron, 
with a fish in his mouth, goes to pot : but, somehow 
I don't relish fixing my trap for these poor soft crea- 
tures \" taking one from the mole-bag slung across his 
shoulders ; " they look so comfortable, and feel so 
soft and silky; and when they lay snugly under the 
earth, little think, poor souls ! what a bait 1 have laid 
for them,, seeing I cover the mumble-stick with fresh 
sod so slyly, there seems to be no trap at all. Though 
they turn up the ground to be sure, and rootle like so 
many little hogs ; and for that matter do a power of 


mischief: and as for blindness, ' none are so blind as 
those who wont see,* your Honour. These fellows 
know a trap as well as J do, and can see my tricks a& 
plain as I can see theirs : and sometimes they lead me 
a fine dance from hillock to hedge, with a murrain to 
them ! pass through my traps, and after turning up an 
acre of ground, sometimes in a single night, give me 
the slip at last." 

But it is time to look at the portrait of the man. 
And, lo! seated on a brown bench cut in the wall, 
within the chimney-place, in a corner of yon rude cot- 
tage, he presents himself to your view. Behold his 
still ruddy cheeks, his milk-white locks, partly curled 
and partly straight— see how correctly they are parted 
in the middle, almost to the division of a hair — a short 
pipe in his mouth — his dame's hand folded in his own 
— a jug of smiling beer warming in the wood-ashes — 
a cheerful blaze shining upon two happy old counte- 
nances, in which, though you behold the indent of 
many furrows, they have been ma'ie by age, not sor- 
row — the good sound age of health, without the usual 
infirmities of long life, exhibiting precisely the unper- 
ceived decay so devoutly to be wished. On the ma- 
tron's knee sits a purring cat: at the veteran's foot, 
on the warm hearth, sleeps an aged hound of my fa- 
ther's breed, in the direct line of unpolluted descent; 
or, " a true chip of the old block," as John phrased it; 
and who, by its frequent and quick-iepeated whaffle 
or de mi-bark, seems to be dreaming of the chase. An 
antique gun is pendant over the cliinmey : a spinning- 
wheel occupies the vacant coiner by the second brown 
bench: and a magpie, with closed eyes, and his bill 
nestled under his wing, is at profound rest in his wicket 


cage. To close the picture, the mole-bag, half filled 
with the captives of the day, thrown into a chair, en 
which observe a kitten has clambered, and is in the 
act of playing with one of the soft victims, which it has 
contrived to purloin from the bag, for its pastime : 
while the frugal but sprightly light, from the well- 
stirred faggot, displays on the mud but clean walls, 
many a lime-embrowned ditty, as well moral as pro- 
fessional: such as — " God rest you, merry gentlemen" 
— " The morning is up, and the cry of the hounds"-—* 
" The sportsman's delight" — Chevy Chase" — and, 
" The jolly huntsman." 

Such exactly were persons and place, as in one of 
my visits of unfading remembrance to the good old- 
folks, whom I had known in early days. I walked to 
Warboys, and surveyed its famous wood and fen. 

But would you have a yet closer view of this happy, 
healthy, and innocent creature, who has passed near a 
century in blameless discharge of various employ- 
ments, without having heaved one sigh of envy, or, as 
he told me, " shed one tear of sorrow, but when his 
parents died, or a friend and neighbour was taken 

You must suppose you see him in his best array, 
when he walked three miles after having before walked 
three to his mole-traps, " purposely and in pure 
love" as he assured me, " to return my kind goodness 
with goodness in kind."" 

This happened at Woodhurst, and at the house of 
John Hills, from which my heart has already so suc- 
cessfully, as you tell me, addressed yours. The pen- 
cil of a painter from Nature could never had a happier 
opportunity of sketching from the life, an old sports- 



man of England, in the habit of his country and his 
calling. It was no longer the little mole-catcher in 
his worsted gaiters and leathern deep-tanned jacket, 
sitting on his oak bench in a jut of the chimney, with 
a short pipe in his mouth, and his torn round hat (till 
he recollected his guest) fixed side-ways on his head, 
like a Dutch peasant; it was an ancient domestic of 
the old English gentleman, dressed cap-a-pee for the 
field. A painter, faithful to the apparel of other times, 
would have noticed the specific articles that formed 
this kind of character : the short green coat, the black 
velvet cap, with its appropriate gold band and tassel, 
_ the buck-skin gloves and breeches, the belt with its de- 
pendent whistle, and the all-commanding whip. Let 
your fancy assist you in placing these upon the person 
above described, and the exterior of John Grounds 
will figure before you. But this will be doing the good 
old man but half justice. O ! the heart, the heart ! 
what is the painting of the man, without a portrait of 
the heart ? 

Represent, I pray you, to your mind*s eye this ve- 
nerable personage running into my arms the moment 
he observed me, exclaiming in tones which nature never 
gave the hypocrite — " I beg pardon, Sir,, for my bold- 
ness, but I thought you would like to see me in my 
old dress, which I have kept ever since in a drawer by 
itself, and never take it out but now and then of a sab- 
bath, in a summer, and to put an old friend — as your 
honour, begging your pardon — in mind of old times. 
1 know well enough it don't become me to take such, 
a gentleman by the hand, and hold him so long in my 
arms, only seeing I have carried you in them, from one- 


place to another all about the premises of the squire's 
old house and gardens, years upon vears " 

After a pause, he adverted to the particulars of his 
dress; assuring me they were the very same things he 
wore the last year at my father's, except the plush 
waiscoat, which was a part of my Lady St. John's 
livery. " To be sure, your honour," said he, gaily, 
" they are, like myself, a little the worse for wear; 
the old coat, you see, (turning it about) has changed 
colour a bit, from green to yellow; the cap is not al- 
together what it was; and this fine piece of gold round 
the crown is pretty much faded; but we are all mor- 
tal, your honour knows ; but old friends must not be 

During this converse, John and Dame Hills may be 
truly said to have " devoured up his discourse." Every 
word he had said had reference to my family or my- 
self—a magnet which had power to draw their atten- 
tions and affections at any time. Nor did they neglect 
the dues of hospitality, which, on my account, and 
their own, were doubled ; and they placed before their 
guest, with whom they had always lived in good neigh- 
bourhood, whatever the farm, its pantry, and its cel- 
lar, could afford. " A flow of soul" soon followed this 
feast of friendship. Grounds had before forgot his fa- 
tigue, his long walks, and his new trades ; and soon 
remembered only his fine days of youth, his masters, 
his kennel, and his former self. " You was too much 
of a youngling, I suppose," said Grounds, " to recol- 
lect the many times I carried you to see my hounds 
fed, and told you the names of every one of them, and, 
as I gave my signs, bade you hark to Ringwood, and 
Rockwood, and Finder, and Echo; then put you be~ 


;^re me upon Poppet, your father's favourite huntfng 
mare. But I think you can't forget my stealing you 
out from old Mrs. Margaret, the housekeeper's room, 
to shew you a thing you had so often wished to see — 
puss in her form — and your bidding me take it up 
gently, that you might carry it home and bring it up 
tame: then, on my telling you, laughing, it would not 
]et me, your creeping on tip-toe to catch it yourself; 
upon which it jumped up and set off, and you after it 
as fast as you could run ; and your coming back to me, 
crying—- when it took the headland got out of sight — 
1 you should have had it, if I, like an old fool, had not 
made so much noise ;' and when I told you you stood 
a good chance to see it again, and smoaking on the 
squire's table — after giving us a good morning's sport 
-—which, by the bye, was the case, for we had her the 
very next hunt— you said, you did not want to eat, 
but keep her alive, and make her know you.' And 
when I offered to stick her scut in your hat you threw 
it at me; and Mrs. Margaret says you would not 
touch a morsel of it, for spite :" ha! ha! ha! 

After some hours, passed in these and in other re- 
marks, which, while they delineate character, and de- 
scribe the present time and circumstances, renew, and 
give, as it were, a second life to the past, Grounds 
took leave of the party with tears, that spoke the sin- 
cerity of an apprehension, that he was looking at and 
embracing me for the last time; and then hurried over 
the fields, which gave me sight of him near a mile. 
And, when his figure became diminished, I did not 
quit the window, till an interposing hedge shut him 
wholly from my view. 

P. 6'. The portrait of this laborious, grateful, long* 


lived, and blessed old man, will be rendered doubly 
acceptable to the public by the pencil of the elder Bar- 
ker, as that excellent painter has perpetuated the ve- 
teran, with his family and cottage, on canvas; whose 
figures genius will long preserve. 

This is a most exquisite performance, and it is to be 
seen at Mr. Barker's house, Sion Hill, Bath. 


From Maw man's Excursion to the Highlands. 

Near the falls in the vicinity of Lanark, we were 
shewn a particular spot, upon the top of an immense 
precipice, where a fox is said once to have exhibited an 
extraordinary degree of cunning. Being hard preised 
in the chasa, be kid hold with his teeth of some shrubs 
growing at the edge of the rock, and let his body hang 
down its side; he then drew himself back, and leaped 
as far as possible from the place into a contiguous 
thicket. Four of the leading hounds, eager in pursuit 
of their prey, flew over the edge of the precipice, and 
were dashed to pieces. — This anecdote, will be readily 
believed by sportsmen, and by those who have read the 
natural history of this crafty animal. Amongst many 
extraordinary proofs of its sagacity, Button states, that 
he is afraid of the hedgehog when rolled up, but forces 
it to extend itself by trampling upon it with his feet, 
and as soon as the head appears, seizes it by the snout, 
and thus accomplishes his purpose of making it his 



Some months since the pack belonging to the More- 
land Hunt turned off on the Wind Mill Common, in 
pursuit of a fine ferocious bag fox. The hounds pur- 
sued within a mile and a half of Leek, where their for- 
mer impetuous and uninterrupted career was stopped 
by an unfortunate check. This difficulty was not sur- 
mounted for near a quarter of an hour; but as good 
luck at length would have it, the pack regained the 
true scent, and scoured the extended plain with asto- 
nishing and renewed swiftness, buoyed up apparently 
with the animating conviction of revenging them- 
selves upon the insidious and crafty animal. 

They swept along the champaign country for twelve 
miles, in fine style, till we came in sight of Ashbourn. 
Here the wily reynard, wheeling round his course, di- 
rected his steps towards a ridge of wild hills on the left, 
distinguished with the appellation of Fairbourgh Cliffs. 
This chain of mountains is full of inequalities, loose 
paving stones, and treacherous hollows, so grown up 
with ling, as to deceive the most wary and penetrating 
eye. Guided by headlong fatality, the persecuted, 
hard-set fox, took refuge in this rugged spot. The in- 
dignant pack, with reveberating cries evincing their in- 
trepidity, and careless of the perils that awaited them, 
quicken their steps, and enter the fateful desert. We 
hunters, regardless — and perhaps unconscious— of the 
calamities that were imminent, pushed on, and only 
fallaciously anticipated the future pleasures of the 


We had not advanced more than half a mile, before 
one horse broke his knee, by slipping into a cavity con- 
cealed by heath from the view; another slipped his 
shoulder by a fall : and, before the chase was finished, 
one gentleman, urged on by unexampled temerity, took 
a foolish leap on the hard and rigid rock?, by which he 
was overthrown, and broke his arm. The rest of us, 
however, pursued our course with more caution, and 
kept up with the hounds pretty well ; not, however, 
without frequent hazards, and numerous stumbles. 

At length reynard, being hard pressed, and arriving 
at a steep precipice, where, if he turned back, he must 
inevitably have been caught, to our great surprise and 
astonishment, was reduced to such a state of despera- 
tion and perplexity, that he took the amazing leap, and 
precipated himself to the bottom of the drear abyss. 
Many of the pack, impelled by inherent revenge and 
animosity, pursued his fatal example, before the hunts- 
man could dispel the pernicious delusion by which they 
were actuated. More than thirty hounds, the best, 
most courageous, and fleetest of the pack, were dashed 
to pieces by the fall, and reynard was found buried 
under a heap of his unfortunate enemies. 


The Rev. Ephraim Dandelion was a boyish divine, 
a cassocked huntsman, and a clerical buck. His vi- 
sits to the metropolis were not so uninterrupted as he 
desired, owing to his father, an opulent rector, residing 
in the vicinity of , and also to the Bishop of that 


diocese, who, as lie observed, was " a blockhead of the 
old school." Indeed, this Bishop was by no means of 
fashion; he bore a most religious antipathy towards 
all those young clergymen who were in full possession 
of a plurality of livings, and who escaped from thera 
all to reside in the metropolis, and to dress their hair 
as they thought proper. 

Ephraim was the hope of his family, because he was 
the eldest son ; he had therefore been his father's fa- 
vourite in his cradle; in which place the sacerdotal in- 
fant may be said to have felt a simoniacal propensity, 
for indeed simony was a constitutional vice in that fa- 
mily. There, by some ingenuity of his pious father, 
the Rector, he was inducted into two good advow- 
sons, so that, ere the young gentleman issued from 
his pupillage, he presented himself to his own livings, 
-and piously undertook the cure of the souls of several 
parishes. He was a young man of modest disposi- 
tions, and held in veneration the holy profession; and 
as he was at once a Nimrod in the field, and a Narcis- 
sus within doors, he decently procured two persons to 
perform his own duties. For this purpose, he found 
two fathers of large families, at the market-price of 
JL.40 a year. 

He was also a rigid observer of the utmost solem- 
nity in the performance of all church services, and tes- 
tified an uncommon zeal for ecclesiastical rights; the 
former consisted in the personal appearance of his cu- 
rates; and whenever he heard the slightest complaint 
of a nasal twang, or a guttural digestion of words, or of 
a brownish black coat, such a curate was discharged at 
a week's notice ; and his zeal for ecclesiastical rights 
was evidently exhibited in his seizure of all bands, 


black gloves, white favours, funeral scarfs, and the 
christening or marriage guinea. On the whole, he was 
a most orthodox supporter of the Church ; under- 
standing by this word a certain ancient building, en- 
circled by burying-ground, and the interior furnished 
with a certain water-bason, vulgarly denominated the 
baptismal fount; burials and christenings, therefore, 
producing no inconsiderable income, he most zealously 
supported the aforesaid Church. 

But although a sturdy advocate for church subor- 
dination, he could not consent to grant to his Bishop. 
Too active in field sports during the summer, and 
quite exhausted in town dissipations during the winter, 
he most justly complained of the incessant and per- 
sonal attacks of his said Bishop; who, particularly at 
one of his annual dinners given to his assembled bre- 
thren, did most indelicately reprimand our fashionable 
Rector, Vicar, and Prebendary ; for all these honours 
and their appurtenances were united in young Ephraim. 
He resolved to throw off the yoke of ecclesiastical juris- 
diction; and to the great comfort of our sacerdotal 
bucks, they may enjoy the revenues of an ecclesiastic, 
without the borish performance of the functions. . 

Ephraim had great interest with a great man, for 
two reasons : in a drunken frolic at Brighton, he had 
received the honour of being thrown into a gravel-pit, 
by which means he broke his leg ; but as his neck was 
entire, he did not much lament the fracture, since it 
was a kind of claim on patronage ; and the other rea- 
son was, that the Reverend Ephraim Dandelion was a 
person of inimitable talent, iu imitating the bray of an 
ass, and the whine of a pig. 


The ass and the pig, with the above-mentioned dash 
into the gravel-pit, procured him an honorary place in 
the army of Chaplains. 

This honour brings with it the useful privilege of 
enabling the possessor to hold as many livings as he can 
get, while it comfortably relieves him of the tedious 
duty of residence; so the happy Ephraim, aspiring 
now to a Bishopric, he never more entered the palace 
of his Bishop. 

Although we know of no facts that might tend to ac- 
cuse him of any venial liberalities to his miserable cu- 
rates, yet he was well enabled to commit such follies ; 
for he now held, in livings and ceteras, above two 
thousand a year, according to his own frequent avow- 
al, and little less he expected from the worthy Rector 
his father, who was of a most plethoric habit, was a 
Gargantua in point of stomach, one of the most ortho- 
dox venison eaters in his county, and had been twice 
touched by an apoplexy. 


The " Gazette de la Sante," a French publication,, 
contains the following extraordinary particulars of a 
man named Lemaitre, born in Switzerland, but now 
residing in Chateaudun, aged 80 years. 

This second Milo carried on his shoulders, in the 
market-place of Chartres, a horse belonging to the 
heavy cavalry, to a considerable distance. Like his 
rival of Crotona, he checked in its career a carriage 
drawn by two horses, advancing at a smart trot; he 
drew after him, with one finger, twelve grenadiers, one 
holding the other by a handkerchief, and remained Ua- 


movable, notwithstanding their united efforts, to throw 
him down. As active as he is strong and valiant* 
having been once called on to assist as one of the bo- 
dy guards, the suppression of a riot at Versailles, h& 
pursued one of the French guards, who was reputed the 
most active man in the regiment, and having over- 
taken him, he killed him by merely laying his iron hand 
on him, for the purpose of stopping him. — It was this 
event which established him at Chateaudun, as he was 
obliged to carry the taper of St. Lauzarus to Vendome, 
before he could obtain his pardon. During the revo- 
lution he was thrown into prison, when this modern 
Sampson obtained his liberty, by carrying the doors of 
the prison to the revolutionary committee: ardent and 
generous iu his friendship, he solicited the freedom of 
his companions in misfortune. Bentabole at that time 
traversed the department of Eure and Loire, invested 
with unlimited power; Lemaitre informed of it, fol- 
lowed him post haste, and overtook him on the road; 
his carriage being stuck fast in a slough up to the axle- 
tree, he creeps under it, raises it up, frees it from the 
slough; and as a reward fcr his services, obtains the 
liberty of Ins fellow-prisoners. A fire took place at 
Chateaudun, horses harnessed to grapplings, tugged in 
v.iin in every direction : he unharnesses them, seizes 
the ropes himself, and immediately the wall gives wav, 
and the fire is stopped. In an insurrection on account 
of the high price of corn, the rioters attempted to 
eeize the municipality, of which body he was a member, 
he coolly stepped forward and swimming through the 
tumultuous waves, he brought dozens of them to the 
ground. He was insulted at his own door by some na- 
tional guards, who drew their sabres against him; he 



Jaid hold of one of the most impertinent among them, 
and wielding him as he would a club, lie soon brought 
the whole party to their senses. About eight years ago 
,he supported three men on the calf of one of his legs, 
..which was bent, and at arm's length lifted up a grena- 
dier by the waist. We should never end were we to 
recount all the instances of his strength; his athletic 
form bespeaks his extraordinary vigour ; and when na- 
ture shall determine to break one of the noblest of her 
works, science. may possibly claim possession of so fine 
,a subject as a chej-d'ceutre for the study of miology. 


The following notice of the monks of Erbach, ap- 
pears in Render's Tour through Germany: — " lam 
inadequate to the task of describing as I could wish 
.the life of poverty, as it is called, which the monks 
lead in this convent. It is the richest iu all Germany; 
and the travellers who visit it are astonished at the 
princely and luxurious life of its inhabitants. They 
have an excellent pack of hounds, with a stable of fine 
hunters; apartments magnificently furbished ; a dozen 
of beautiful singing girls ; and their wine-cellar excites 
.the utmost astonishment. A coach and four might 
easily drive round in the cellar, and turn in it with the 
greatest facility. The number of large full casks is 
really amazing, each being about seventeen or eighteen 
feet in height. They have six fine billiard-tables, 
which are contained in three large rooms; and, be- 
sides all this, an excellent band of musicians. Their 
}u ;pitality towards foreigners and strangers is sur- 
prising ; and a traveller scarcely meets with such a re- 


aeption in any other part of the globe. I call them fat 
monks, there being very few among them who do not 
weigh sixteen or eighteen stone, and several even ex- 
ceed that. But it Is at the same time equally sur* 
prising, how they keep the common people in igno- 
rance. One instance shall suffice for the many which 
I saw. Before the dinner was served, to which we 
were invited by the prelate, we had sufficient time to 
take a walk in an adjacent wood, where the monks 
pretend to work miracles, and to which thousands of 
the people of distant Roman Catholic countries make 
pilgrimages annually. The palace in the wood where 
these miracles are wrought, is called llulfe Gotteis, 
i. e. " God's Help," — it ought to be called a place for 
deception and blasphemy. According to the legend, 
a small wooden crucifix of the Saviour was carelessly 
stuck in a hollow cree, where it remained for a long 
time, crying, "Gold help me ! God help me !" At 
length a friar came, and removed the cause of the 
piteous exclamation ; since which, the crucifix has 
performed innumerable miracles. Every pilgrim who 
pays a visit to it is obliged to bestow some donation; 
as a compensation for which, he receives some picture 
or relique from the monks; by which means they ac- 
cumulate a very large annual revenue. On our re- 
turn, dinner was served. It consisted of two courses, 
each of about thirty-two covers; and a desert, served 
up in a princely style. Every monk at Erbach, has 
four bottles of the best wine for his daily allowance to 
drink ad libitum. Before we set off for Geisenheim, 
the prelate shewed us his private stables, magnificent 
carriages, and pack of hounds ; it is not in my power 
to describe the luxurious life of these debauched hypo- 
D 2 


crites, suffice it to say, there are few princes able t$ 
vie with them." 


In November 1803, was run over Epsom Downs, 
a singular match, the circumstances of which created 
much conversation among the sporting circles. 

About three weeks before, one of these horses was 
distanced by the other, and at a dinner, inconsequence 
thereof, the owner of the losing horse, a young fo- 
reigner of large fortune, well known in Lord Derby's 
hunt, having got a little mellow, expressed that his 
horse was still the best. 

An eminent stable-keeper, in the neighbourhood of 
Croydon, proposed a match of 80 to 70 guineas, to be 
Tun on Thursday, the 2Qth of December, two miles, 
each carrying twelve stone, to start precisely at one 
o'clock P. M. and then to fix the riders. The stable- 
keeper fixed on the servant of a gentleman present, 
who was attending his master. The foreign gentleman 
mentioned his own groom. 

Things thus stood, till two days before the match 
was to be run, when the foreigner received notice that 
his adversary had changed his mind, and fixed on a 
regular well-bred jockey. 

Totally at a loss what to do, and giving up his 
match as lost, he met accidentally, on Wednesday af- 
ternoon, the day preceding the race, between three 
and four o'clock, a Yorkshire gentleman, well-known 
on the turf, to whom he represented his difficulties, 
who instantly advised him to drive down to Newmar- 
ket, and engage Mr. Buckle. Off they went; and the 
next clay, the hour charting arrived, when the win- 


ners of the former match were betting ten to one they 
would be equally successful at the present. 

When the well-bred rider was mounted cap-a-pee, in 
colours of the brightest hue, to snatch, as they thought, 
by superior horsemanship, the palm of victory from 
an ignoramus groom, out jumped, from a post-chaise, 
Buckle, ready equipped, and weighed at Epsom, who 
leaped on his horse in an instant, and, by dint of skill, 
in a few minutes, brought in the distanced horse just 
half a length before his former conqueror ! 


Robert Shaw was keeper of the forest of Bow- 
land, in the counties of York aud Lancaster. He was 
torn St otalhmore, in V/cstiTiGrclaliC 1 , in the year 
l/l/. His first situation in active life was that of a 
soldier and light-horseman, in the levies raised at the 
time of the rebellion. He was at the battle of Car- 
lisle, and saw the Pretender several times at Penrith. 
He was afterwards appointed game-keeper for the 
Forest of Bowland, by John Duke of Montague, lord 
of that forest and of the honour of Clithero. He served 
under four lords: John, Duke of Montague; the 
Earls of Beaulieu and Cardigan; and His Grace, Hen- 
ry, the present Duke of Buccleugh. He outlived aieo 
thret bow bearers : J. Fenwick, Esq. of Borough Hale; 
Edward Parker, Esq. of Brovrsholme, within the Fo- 
rest of Bowland ; John Parker, Esq. of the same 
place; and died in the year IS05, aged 88, under the 
present bow-bearer, Thomas Liston Parker, Esq. He 
was a most remarkably stout active man, though low 
in stature, and scarcely ever had a day of sickness till 

D S> 


"within the last five months of his life. In 1 802, he 
went upon the Moors, and shot his brace of grouse. 
The same year he shot a bare with a ball from his 
rifle-gun. He was a very good shot at deer, and has 
often killed, within the same forest, eight or nine cou- 
ple of Woodcocks in a day. He died in 1805, at 
VVhitewell, within the forest, and was buried at Wad- 
dington, in the county of York. Mr. Northcote had 
a -very fine picture of him buck-hunting, which was 
in the Royal Academy exhibition last year, and is 
now at Browshohne. 


A party of gentlemen proceeding on horseback 
mm months ^nvt from Tannah, to vUit the Kanara 
caves, at about eleven o'clock in the morning, degcrieJ, 
near Tulsey, a tyger descending towards them, from a 
distant hill; he shortly after made bis appearance at 
the foot of the path leading to the caves, close to one 
of the gentlemen, the foremost of the party, The ty- 
ger evincing every appearance of preparing to spring 
upon a pointer dog near to him, the gentleman called 
out to his companions; when the animal instantly 
shrunk from his attempt, squatted himself upon his 
haunches, and fixed his eyes furiously and stediastly 
upon him for some seconds : and, upon the exclama- 
tion being repeated, growlingly turned from the foot- 
path into an adjoining jungle. The dog, upon which 
the tyger had seemingly fixed for his prey, stood petri- 
fied with affright, and has been ever since in a dejected 
state. A second pointer dog that was in the rear, 
roused by his masters exclamations, ran forward, and 
penetrated the jungle through which the tyger had pas- 


sed ; in a moment after, the dog was beard to give one^ 
howi, and nothing more was seen of him. On the fol- 
lowing day, the party proceeded armed, in quest of 
the tyger, and on entering the jungle in question, they 
discovered the remains of the poor dog, distant not 
more than six paces from the foot path where they first' 
encountered this royal beast. The tyger appeared to 
be much pressed with hunger; and it may be deemed 
a most fortunate occurrence, fate had so decreed, that 
the preference which these animals invariably give to 
canine over human flesh, should have had its opportu- 
nity of being gratified in this instance. 


Early one morning, m the spring of 1805, the 
e$c6«a of the Buckingham regiment, quartered a« s 
Maidstone, accompanied by several other sporting gen- 
tlemen in the neighbourhood, turned out a bag- fox, 
on Pennenden-Heath, just at the time as Captain Tyr- 
rell's rille corps, who were skiimishing, entered the 
heath in extended order from the wood adjoining tho 
Debtiing road. The fox, in approaching them, soon, 
altered bis course, frightened at the fire kept up by the 
riflemen; and, after passing several incisures, with 
tire hounds in full cry, bounded a very high garden 
wall and several fences, making his way into Duke's- 
court, Maidstone, the peaceful abode of old maids; 
and there leaping on a water-cask, facilitated his se- 
cond leap upon the roof of Mr. Alchiu's school. Not- 
sufficiently exalted here, reynard, with much adroit- 
ness, sprung upon the chimney, being double, and 
sagaciously viewing his pursuers, which were close at 

D 4 


hand, descended into the one that had no fire below. 
In the mean time, the ardor of the sportsmen was so 
great in the pursuit, that it could scarcely be restrained, 
even in his sooty progress; but Mr. John Russell, of 
JVJaidstone, a sportsman of celebrity, coolly dismount- 
ing, entered the school, and followed reynard to his 
dernier retreat. Pie was found sitting at the mouth 
of a funnel in the wash-house chimney. That gentle- 
man, disregarding the sharpness of his teeth and claws, 
though in so awkward a situation to be secured, soon 
dragged him from his lurking-place into a bag, but not 
without himself and another person having their hands 
anuch lacerated in the conflict. Reynard was a second 
time turned out the same morning on the Debjling 
road, below Pennenden-hesth, and taking a southern 
course, by Mrs. Whatman's, was killed, after avery se- 

T» - II */r:ll A rJnnU kavwwt orison Miko- 

vcxe run, near x on mm. ix wwwo., ~u«*ug ui'.*;., ....~- 
ther it is agreeable to the exact regulations of the 
chase, that a fox, after such a buffeting, should have been 
so immediately turned out again, several have drawn 
a conclusion that reynard had not a fair chance, in not 
being given a longer lespite; but this point is left for 
sportsmen to decide upon. 



A gentleman who made avery extensive tour in 
the eastern parts of this island, in the reign of Queen 
Atine, and published his remarks in that of George I. 
speaking of Newmarket, says—" Being there in Octo- 
ber, I had the opportunity to see the horse races, and 
a great concourse of the nobility and gentry, as well 


from London as from all parts of England; but they 
were all so intent, so eager, so busy upon the sharp- 
ing part of the sport, their wagers and bets, :hat to me 
they seemed just as so many horse-coursers in Smith- 
field, descending, the greatest of them, from their 
high dignity and quality, to the picking one another's 
pockets, and biting one another as much as possible ; 
and that with so much eagerness, as it might be id 
they acted without respect to faith, honour, or good 

" There was Mr. Frampton, the eldest, and, as- 
some say, the cunningest jockey in England ; one day 
he lost 1000 guineas, the next- he won 2000:$ and so 
alternately. He made as light of throwing away 5001. 
or JOOOl. at a time, as other men do of their pocket 
money; and was as perfectly calm, cheert'r.l, and un~ 
concerned, when he had lost a thousand pounds as- 
when he had won it.— -On the other side, there was 
Sir R. Fagg, of Sussex, of whom fame &ays, he has the 
most in him, and the least to shew for it, relating to 
jocke\ship, of any man there; yet he often carried 
the prize. His horses, they said, were all cheats, how 
honest soever their master was : for be scarcely ever 
produced a horse but he looked like what he was not, 
and was what nobody could expect him to be» If he 
was as light as the wind, and could fly like a meteor, 
he was sure to look as clumpy as a cart-horse, as all 
the cunning of his master and grooms could make him? 
and just in this manner he bit some of the greatest 
gamesters in the field. 

" I was so sick of the jockeying part, that I left the 
crowd about the posts, and pleased myself with ob- 
serving the horses ? how the creatures yielded to all 
D 5 


the arts and management of their masters ; how they 
look their airings in sport, and played with the daily 
heats which they ran over the course before the grand 
day; but how, as not knowing the difference equally 
with their riders, they would then exert their utmost 
strength, as much as at the time of the race itself, and 
that to such an extremity, that one or two of them 
died in the stable, when they came to be rubbed after 
the first heat* 

" Here I fancied myself in the Circus Maximus at 
Rome, seeing the ancient games, and under this de- 
ception was more pleased than I possibly could have 
been among the crowds of gentlemen at the weighing, 
and starting posts ; or at their meetings at the coffee- 
houses and gaming-tables, after the races were over,. 
Pray take it with you as you go, that you see no ladies 
at Newmarket, excepting a few of the neighbouring, 
gentlemen's families, who come in their carriages to* 
see a race, and then go home again." 


" I was induced (says Mr. Janson) to accompany 
Mr. William Carter, of Edenton, in pursuit of the 
deer, into this swamp,* a temerity which I had 
reason to repent before T regained the cleared 
ground. This gentleman was a great sportsman, and 
derived infinite satisfaction from toiling the whole 

* The Great Dismal Swamp, 


day in pursuit of game. He had with him a cou- 
ple of dogs, which started and ran the deer till 
they came within shot. The sportsmen are placed 
at certain breaks in the underwood, through one of 
which the deer will pass at full speed. — They some- 
times bound past so suddenly, that a young sportsman 
is either startled, or cannot seize the moment to fire 
with effect. I was not put to the test, for we had 
started no game, when the morning lowered, and pre- 
sently the wind and rain rendered farther pursuit im- 
practicable. We had, however, penetrated far enougfr 
to alarm me greatly, and to puzzle my guide as to the 
direction to be taken, for the purpose of reaching tha 
open country. My fears were greatly heightened by 
the knowledge of the following circumstance : —My. 
companion loved his joke, but, like many other jes- 
ters, often carried it too far ; haying designedly led 
some of his acquaintance into the swamp, and, under 
pretence of following game in another direction, left- 
them in the labyrinth, where they were actually oblig- 
ed to pass such a night as that now approaching threa- 
tened to be. His doubts were so evident, that with- 
some agitation I mentioned the trick he had once play- 
ed his friends, and threatened him with vengeance if 
he dared to repeat it upon me. He assured me f was 
perfectly safe, but for some time appeared at a loss hv 
which direction to proceed; and such was the effect - 
produced on my mind, that I fancied ever/ nve mi- 
nutes we had come to the spot we had just eft, and 
even challenged trees by certain marks my eye had; : 
caught, charging Mr. Carter with having lost the way.. 
I observed him walk round several large trees, sur r 
veying them with great attention. He would thai* • 
d G 


climb one of them, and as the seaman from the main- 
top looks out for land, so he appeared to be looking 
for some known mark to guide his course. — My fears 
were increasing, and the tales I had heard of men pe-- 
rishing in the swamp, and of others being many days 
in extricating themselves, in which time they were 
nearly famished, drove me almost to a state of despe- 
ration. All this time my companion in silence was ap- 
parently employed in fixing upon our course ; at 
length he called out that he had discovered it. He 
then pointed to a large tree, the bark of which, in the 
direction in which we stood, was incrusted with green 
moss. 'This/ said he, * is the north side of the tree; 
1 now know our course; I was in doubt only till I as- 
certained this point, and the trees we have lately passed 
did not fully convince me. On going round the tree, 
I found the other sides free from the mossy appearance. 
He observed that but few of them clearly shewed it in 
the swamp ; but 1 have since observed the effect on 
all trees less exposed to the air, as well upon old 
houses and walls. He said that he was rarely obliged 
to recur to this guide, as he never ventured into the 
swamp but when the day promised to be fair, as he 
could work his way by the sun. Few men will venture 
like Mr. Carter, but experience had made him re- 
gardless of being lost in the desert. , 

" L found in many parts of it good walking ground, 
the lofty trees being at some distance from each other, 
.id the underwood by no means so thick as to impede 

r road ; but after thus pioceedmg a few miles, the 
ursuit of game was impracticable. Sometimes we 
had to cress where it was knee deep, but my compa- 
nion had in this case generally marked a place where 


we could pass over on a fallen tree, I had mounted one 
of these, of a monstrous size, and was proceeding 
heedlessly along, when I suddenly found myself sunk 
up to the middle in dusl, the tree having become rot- 
ten, though it slill retained its shape. This was a 
good juke for my friend, but a sad disaster for me, for 
J had great difficulty in getting out of the hole inta 
which I had fallen/' 


A few months since, as the Liverpool mail-coach 
was changing horses at the inn at Monk's Heath, be- 
tween Congleton in Cheshire, and Newcastle-under- 
Line, the horses, which had performed the stage from 
Congleton, having been just taken oft' and separated, 
hearing Sir Peter Warburton's fox-hounds in full cry, 
immediately started after them, with their harness on, 
and followed the chace until the last. One of them, a 
blood mare, kept the track with the whipper-in, and 
gallantly followed him for about two hours, over every 
leap betook, until reynard had led them round a ring 
fence, and ran to ground in Mr. Hibbert's plantation. 
These spirited horses were led back to the inn at 
Monk's Heath, and performed their stage back to 
Congleton the same evening. 


This popular character was one of the most emi- 
nent conveyancers of his time ; and more pro- 


perty has been transferred by his practice than by 
that of the most laborious of the profession in our 
Inns of Court. This was, no doubt, owing in part to 
the ability he displayed in his professional engage- 
ments, but perhaps more to the wonderful expedition 
with which he did the business of those gentlemen who 
employed him. A few minutes were with him quite 
sufficient to make over an immense property, which- 
would have cost the lawyers scores of weeks, or 
months, and many acres of parchment. Yet while 
outstripping all competition in this- way, he was never 
known to admit any of those flaws or errors which ren- 
der possession dubious or precarious. The course he 
took was that which generally tended most effectually 
to reach the main object. Amidst doubts and per- 
plexities, he saw his way clearly before him, and pur- 
sued it with an ardour which distanced all competition. 
Popular, however, as he was in this line, it must be 
allowed that his employers did not commission him to 
do business for them, without much circumspection. — 
Besides the recommendation of persons of judgment, 
his merits were well weighed before they intrusted him 
either with money, plate, or landed estates. 

It cannot be a matter of surprize, if such unbounded 
confidence sometimes made him vain. He might well 
Be vain of the easy familiarity with which he was treat- 
ed by persons of the highest rank. Jt could not but be 
very flattering, that he had often the eyes of half a se- 
nate fixed upon him, and that they who could not en- 
joy this happiness, read his exploits: with an impati- 
ence and ardour which is often denied to heroes and. 


His temperance was most exemplary. He often 
practised abstinence to a degree that made it be- 
lieved that he had much to answer for. But those who 
knew him best, considered this rather as a matter of 
personal convenience than of conscience. He studied 
his health that he might not be burthensome to those 
he was most closely connected with ; and avoided 
every thing that had a tendency to pamper the flesh, or 
to lessen the weight he had attained by a punctual dis- 
charge of his duty. 

He possessed a singular acuteness of understanding. 
Without the parade of a long train of argument, he 
comprehended, as if by instinct, the instructions given 
him, and readily took a hint, where circumlocution 
might have been unnecessary, or explanation impro- 
per. Although of a highly animated turn, and not 
easily overtaken, he has been known to restrain him- 
self in a most wonderful manner, and to yield the su- 
periority while he seemed to be struggling for victory. 
— Like other wise men, he knew the value of delay, 
and the motto on some of his rings was 

" Cunctando restituit rem." 

His manners though professional, were without pe- 
dantry. He never affected to speak above the level 
of his hearers. He understood the terms of breeding 
perfectly, and knew how to deal with the ignorant and 
the knowing. 

_ Of his lesser accomplishments he was a master of 
the science of pedigrte, and the only branch of it that 
is now thought of any value. He was often consulted 
in the forming of tender connexions. In the union of 


the sexes, he not only discouraged the alliance of age 
with youth, or debility with vigour, but was a decided 
enemy, to the contamination of noble blood with any 
mixture of the low and degenerate kind. It must be 
owned, indeed, that he sometimes promoted unions 
that had not received the sanction of the church, but 
his extensive usefulness in the way of his profession, 
and his attention to his betters, enabled him to live on 
pretty good terms with many of the clergy, particularly 
those of Cambridge and York. 

His charities were so extensive, that few persons 
have been known to convey more money into the poc- 
kets of the poor. In this virtue, however, his system 
has been sometimes confined, and some writers on the 
subject have doubted whether he did not create as 
many poor as he relieved. The truth, however, was, 
that he had long contemplated the evils arising from 
unbounded wealth, and therefore was induced to fix 
a price upon experience, which was thought to be too 
high by all, except those who paid it. 

His race, however, is now run ; and whatever his 
failings, he will be long remembered as one who taught 
with success the uncertainty of all earthly possessions, 
and to whom there are few families of rank who do not 
owe th^ir present estimation in the opinion of the 
world, as well as the character they are desirous o£ 
handing down to posterity. 


In Italy, this charming diversion is not unfrequenU 
—The horses are not, in general, like ours, mounted 
and managed by a jockey, but are left at perfect li- 


berty to exert their power in the greatest degree, to 
attain the goal. At the time of carnival in Rome, 
these races are generally run in the long-street called 
in Italian, il Corso ; the length is nearly So" 5 toises, 01 
rather more than one English mile. They are gene- 
rally Barbary horses that are employed in this amuse- 
ment. In appearance, these animals are small, and 
very far from handsome. They are all kept equal by 
a rope, against which they press with their breasts till 
the signal to start is given ; the rope is then dropped, 
and the affrighted horses start away at full speed. At 
Florence they endeavour to increase the speed of their 
horses, by fixing a large piece G» leather, not unlike 
the ilaps of a saddle, on the back of each horse ; ,the 
under side of this is armed with very sharp prickles, 
which keep perpetually goading them all the while 
they run. In order that the horses may not run out 
of the course, a strong railing runs along each side of 
the course > and a rope is fixed across at each end, to 
prevent them leaving the course at the extremities. 
The speed, however, of these Barbary horses, though 
considerable, is very inferior to that of the English 
racer. The course of 855 toises, at Rome, is run over 
in 151 seconds. — An English mile is about 826 toises; 
so that these horses run very little more than a mile 
in two minutes, which an ordinary racer is able to do 
in England ; not to mention Childers, who is said to 
have run a mile in one minute ; and to Lave run round 
the circular course at Newmarket, which is 400 yards 
short of four miles, in six minutes and forty seconds. 
— Starling is said also to have performed the first mile 
in a minute. Childers run the Beacon course in seven 
minutes and a half. The Round Course is asserted, 


to have, been more than once run round in six minutes 
and six seconds. The Barbary horses must, according 
to what was said above, get over thirty-seven feet in" 
a second ; the swiftness of tbe English horses will be 
found, by this mode of estimating, fur superior. Star- 
ling must have moved, in the performance mentioned 
before, eighty-two feet and a half in a second. 

Dr. Moty in his celebrated publication, " Le Jour- 
nal Brittanique," considering this subject, tells us, 
that every bound by the fleetest Barbary horse at 
Rome would cover eighteen royal feet and a half, and 
twenty two or twenty-three feet by the English horses ; 
so that the swiftness of the latter would be, to that of 
the former, as four to three, or nearly.* The horses 
that passed over a mile in a minute, would evidently 
go taster than the wind, lor the greatest swiftness of a^ 
ship at sea has never been known to exceed six marine* 
leagues in an hour j and if we suppose that the vessel- 
thus borne partakes one third of the swiftness of the 
wind that drives it, the latter would still be no more 
than eighty feet a second, which would be two feet 
and a half less than the quantity of ground covered by 
Childers and Starling in that time For this calcula- 
tion we are iudebted to M. de la Condamine's Journal 
of a Tour through Italy. Buffon in his Natural His* 
tory, mentions an example of the extraordinary *peed 
of the English horse. Mr. Thornhill, the post-master 
at Stilton, laid a wager, that he would ride in fifteen 
hours three times the road from Stilton to London, - 

* We are not to forget that the English race-horse carries a 
jpckey, and frequently weights- on his buck, the Barb nothing, 


the distance being 215 miles. On the 29th of April, 
174-5, he set out from Stilton, and after mounting 
eight different horses, arrived in London in three hour3 
and fifty-one minutes. Instantly leaving London 
again, and mounting only six horses he reached Stil- 
ton in three hours *md fifty-two minutes. For the 
third course he used seven of the same horses, and 
finished it in three hours and forty-nine minutes. He 
thus performed his undertaking in eleven hours and 
thirty-two' minutes.— -Buffon observes, " I suspect 
that no example of such fleetness was ever exhibited 
ac the olympic games." A horse, the property of a 
gentleman in Biliter Square, London, trotted, on the 
fourth of July, 1T8S, for a wager of thirty guineas, 
thirty miles in an hour and twenty minutes, though 
allowed an hour and a half. These instances of speed 
are astonishing, even by ordinary hones. The four 
miles for the Union Cup at Preston were run last year 
in very little more than seven minutes, 

Too much attention cannc* be paid to the breed of 
horses in this country, which has been capable of pro- 
ducing such illustrious examples of speed. 


Come Sportsmen away — the morning bow fair ! 
To the wolds, to the wolds, let us quickly repair : 
Bold Thunder* and Lightning* are made for the game. 
And Death* and the Devil* are both just the same. 

* Names of Hawks. 


See, Beckersf, a Kite — a mere speck in the sky — ■ 
Zounds ! out with the owl — lo ! he catches his eye — 
Down he comes with a sweep — be unhooded each hawk 
Very soon will they both to the gentleman stalk. 

They're at him — he's off— now they're o'er him again ; 
Ah ! — that was a stroke — see ! he drops to the plain — 
They rake him — they tear him — he flutters, he cries, 
He struggles, he turns up his talons, and dies. 

See, a Magpie ! let fly — how he flutters and shambles, 
How he chatters, poor rogue ! now he darts to the bram- 
bles — 
Out again — overtaken — his spirits no flag — 
Flip ! he gives up the ghost — good night, Mister Mag. 

Lo a Heron ! let loose — how he pokes his long neck, 
And darts, witn what vcugeance, but vainly, his beak i 
'Egad, he shifts well — now he feels a ueaih-wounri, 
And with Thunder and Lightning rolls tumbling to ground, 

Titus we Falconers sport — now homewards we stray, 
To fight o'er the bottle the wars of the day : 

Sink sweetly to rest, with a dove in our anas.. 


As the antiquity of a family, generally speaking, is 
an additional proof of its respectability in the eyes of 
the world, it will be necessary in the first place to re- 
mark, that the Thorntons have been for some centu- 
ries established in the county of York, where they have 
enjoyed the most valuable and extensive possessions; 

+ The head falconet* 


and, at one period, so large were their domains, that 
they had the right of sixteen lordships vested in them. 
The most ancient bears the family name, being still 
called Thornton cum Bucksby, of which mention is 
made prior to the period of William the Conqueror. 
As the antiquity of a family, however, does not in 
many instances entail those mental perfections which 
render the representatives, honourable members of 
society, we shall dwell no longer upon that point, but 
proceed to give such instances of shining talents and 
conspicuous virtues, as will tend to convince the pub- 
lic that, not in name alune, is concentrated the worth 
of the Thornton family, but that, in the two-fold ca- 
pacities of statesmen and soldiers, they have rendered 
themselves pre-eminently conspicuous. 

Sir William Thornton, the grandfather of the pre- 
sent colonel, was a very active gentleman in support- 
ing the rights and privileges of Englishmen ; and such 
was the estimation in which bis talents were held, that 
he was the individual selected as best calculated to pre- 
sent, at the foot of the throne, the articles of the union 
with Scotland, during the reign of Queen Anne \ on 
which memorable occasion he received the honour of 
knighthood from her Majesty, accompanied with such 
demonstrations oi royal pleasure as sufficiently indi- 
cated that his abilities did not pass unnoticed by his 
sovereign. With respect to the private virtues of this 
gentleman, few men can boast a progenitor of such 
unexceptionable manners ; in short, in Sir William 
Thornton were concentrated the characteristics of a 
good christian, and affectionate husband, a tender fa- 
ther and a sincere friend. 

Colonel William Thornton, the father of the sub« 


ject of these memoirs, bearing all those principles 
instilled into his mind which had insured his universal 
approbation, was a ready advocate for the cause of 
England's rights and liberties, as ratified by the blood 
of our ancestors. 

At the period of the rebellion in Scotland, this gen- 
tleman, anxious to testify his loyalty to \iis sovereign, 
raised at his own expence, a corps of one hundred 
men, whom he fed, clothed, and paid, for several 
months. At the head of this little troop, Colonel Wil- 
liam Thornton marched into Scotland, where he joined' 
the main forces under the command of the Duke of 
Cumberland, and conducted himself at the battles of 
Falkirk and Cullorien with the most intrepid bravery ; 
and such was the publicity of his active conduct, that 
a reward of one thousand pounds was offered by the 
rebel commanders for his head. After the termination 
of that eventful struggle, Colonel William Thornton 
was elected member of parliament for York, in which 
character he signalised himserf as a statesman by re- 
vising the old code of the. militia laws, as instituted in 
the reign of Charles the second; and, bringing in a 
bill, framed by himself, which consisted in a total re- 
organization of the militia laws, which was the founda- 
tion of the present well-regulated system, so apparent 
in every department of that important military force, so 
conducive to the safely of the coemtry, and the sup- 
port of the rights and liberties of Englishmen. 

After a life thus spent in the service of his country, 
and characterized by every social refinement which 
adorns human nature, Colonel William Thornton died 
suddenly, at the early age of fifty years, his son being 
then a minor. 


The present Colonel Thorn is Thornton, was born in 
the neighbourhood of St. James's, and placed at a pro- 
per age in the Charter House, in order that he might 
be near h;s uncle who resided in the -vicinity of that 
public seminary. The progress which he made in his 
studies was very rapid, until a violent illness with 
which he was seized, impeded his continuance at the 
school for some months, when, upon his return, find- 
ing that those scholars who had formerly been his in- 
feriors were become better adepts than himself, pro- 
duced such an effect upon his young and active mind, 
that, during his continuance at the Charter House, 
he never was enabled to follow his studies with that 
avidity, which had, in the early period of his educa- 
tion, particularly characterized him. 

When fourteen years of age, it was determined that 
be should go to college, and in consequence he left the 
Charter House; when, accompanied by his father, he 
first visited the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, 
and lastly, those of Edinburgh and Glasgow, in order 
that he might select that which was best suited to his 
ideas, on which occasion, the University of Glasgow 
was preferred, where he was placed by his father, after 
being introduced to all the leading families residing in 
that city and its environs. 

At ibis s^at of learning our young hero attended to 
his studies with the most indefatigable assiduity, un- 
dergoing the public examinations, in which he acquitted 
himself to the entire satisfaction of his instructors, and 
much to his own credit. His companions at the col- 
lege were Lords Rivers and beaforth, Sir Thomas 
Wallace, and Messrs. Windham, bheend, Kennedy, 
H:1K Wilson^ &c. &c. With these gentlemen he was 


accustomed to pursue the sports of the field during the 
vacations, which, however, did not so far infatuate 
Lis mind, as to make him relax in his course of stu- 
dies ; on the contrary, his time was so diversified, that 
pleasure never interfered with those duties which edu- 
cation imposed upon him, and in this happy way did 
lie pass his time, until the attainment of his nineteenth 
year* when he was deprived of the best of fathers. As 
the death of Colonel William Thornton left the present 
colonel sole possessor of his estates, it might be sup- 
posed that he instantly quitted Glasgow ; such, how- 
ever, was his good sense, that feeling a conviction 
how much more remained to be learned, he, on the 
contrary, still continued for three years at the Univer- 
sity, deputing his mother, whom he reverenced with 
true filial affection, to superintend his affairs. 

Previous to this period, the colonel had imbibed a 
strong partiality for the pastime of hawking, which 
he studied with eagerness, being determined to bring 
that sport to the height of perfection, neither being 
deterred by expence,nor the difficulties that intervened 
to prevent the accomplishing of his darling purpose. 
At the same period was also laid the foundation of 
that celebrity, which he has since acquired for his 
breed of horses and every species of dog, calculated for 
the diversions of the field. 

On quitting Glasgow, the colonel repaired with his 
hawks, dogs, &c» to his mansion at Old Thornville, 
where he remained for a few months ; after which, he 
visited London, renewed his acquaintance with many 
of his old college friends, and became a member of 
the Scavoir Vkre club, which had been very recently 
instituted, being originally intended, to consist of 


eighteen members only, the subscription being four 
guineas for the season, to defray the expences of the 
house rent, &c. while one guinea was the stipulated 
sum to be paid for the dinner, the member being en- 
titled to call for as much wine as he chose for that 
sum. The leading plan of the Shamir Vivre was in- 
tended to patronize men f genius and talents; whereas 
it soon became notorious as an institution, tolerating 
every species of licent loudness and debauchery. On 
one of the colonel's visits to the Scavoir Vivre, he 
took a seat next to the celebrated Oliver Goldsmith, 
who said nothing which tended to stamp him the ge- 
nius he really was. The late Lord Lyttleton, and 
the Right Honourable Charles James Fox, were then 
members, of that club, as well as many other celebrated 
characters of the day. It may be necessary to remark 
that, although gambling constituted one of the predo- 
minant features of the Sgavoir Vivre, the colonel was 
never led to share that diversion; and, although an 
idea has prevailed that he has been addicted to that 
destructive propensity throughout his sporting career ; 
it is necessary to state, that such reports are totally 
unfounded, as the colonel was always averse to cards 
or dice ; and, to such a pitch did he carry his ideas on 
that head, that over the chimney-piece of the library 
of Thornville Royal, is a marble slab, whereon are gra- 
ven the following lines : — 

" Ut'mam hanc vcris amicis impleam" 

" By the established rule of this house all bets are 
u considered to be off, if either of the parties, by letter, 
" or otherwise, pay into the hands of the landlord, one 
" guinea, by five the next day." 



On the colonel's return to Old Thornville, the 
neighbouring gentlemen came to a determination to 
keep a pack of hounds, by subscription, when Colonel 
Thornton took the charge of the dogs, and, for a short 
time, harmony subsisted among the subscribers ; but, 
as the payments were very incorrectly made, the co- 
lonel was under the necessity of demanding an arbi- 
tration, by which all the arrears due to him, for the 
keep of the hounds, &c. was paid ; after which the 
society was dissolved, when the colonel found him- 
self obliged to keep the pack at his own private charge. 
Having for a period followed every diversion which 
Yorkshire afforded in its fullest extent, Colonel Thorn- 
ton became desirous of witnessing the sports of the 
Highlands of Scotland, whither he repaired, accom- 
panied by Mr. P. Mosley ; and so much was the 
colonel enchanted with the diversity of the scenery, 
the variety and quantity of game of every description 
which the remote parts of the Highlands afforded; that 
he there passed the best part of seventeen years in 
succession, wholly occupied in the several pastimes 
which were gratifying to his mind. 

In order that the pleasures experienced by the co- 
lonel, during his continuance in Scotland, might not 
be confined to his own particular knowledge, he kept 
a regular diary of the sporting pursuits, &c. and em- 
ployed an artist to execute drawings of the antiquities 
and picturesque scenery of the country ; from which 
lie afterwards selected a few, a; caused them to be 
engraved in a very finished style, after which he had 
recourse to his journal : and thus compleated a ma- 
nuscript which, together with the plates, was presented 
as a donation, to an old schoolfellow reduced in his cir- 


cumstances, and by this means a literary production 
has been brought into the world under the title of 
A Sporting Tour through the Highlands of Scotland, 
by Colonel Thornton; which, for local information, 
anecdote, and sporting intelligence of every descrip- 
tion, is fully entitled to the ample sale which it has ex- 

During the colonel's continuance in Scotland he 
was first given to understand that Allerton Mauleverer 
was on the point of being sold by Lord Viscount Gal- 
way, to his Royal Highness the Duke of York, which 
sale, to the colonel's astonishment, shortly after took 
place; and, upon his return to old Thornville, he was 
introduced to the Duke of York, and constantly visited 
his Royal Highness until a misunderstanding took 
place at Boroughbridge Races, which terminated their 

Previous to Colonel Thornton's quitting the High- 
lands, he gave up the land there which he had received 
of his Grace the Duke of Gordon, where he had erect- 
ed a small mansion in the gothic style, which was 
called Thornton-Castle; the colonel was prompted to 
this measure on account of the great expences atten- 
dant on keeping up this establishment, as well as the 
enormous sums which were expended in travelling 
from England; in addition to which, the roads were 
scarcely passable during the rainy seasons. It is ne- 
cessary to state, that the strictest friendship subsisted 
between the then Lord Orford and himself, who kept 
pace with Colonel Thornton in the cultivation of every 
sport and particularly hawking, nor was the Marquis 
of Rockingham less partial to the subject of these 
pages, who enjoyed the confidence and friendship of 


those respective noblemen until the period of their dis- 

At the time of his Majesty's illness, in the) ear 17S9, 
when debates ran high respecting a regency, very great 
improvements were carrying on at Allerton, Mauleve- 
rer, by order of the Duke of York ; but on the happy 
recovery of the king, these plans were almost instanta- 
neously stopped by the workmen being discharged; 
and, on the breaking out of the Spanish war, the sale 
of Allerton was advertised for disposal, when Colonel 
Thornton determined on purchasing the same, to the 
no small astonishment of his friends and the neigh- 
bouring gentlemen, who did not conceive it possible 
that he could accomplish such a heavy purchase ; how- 
ever, notwithstanding these conjectures, proposals 
were made and at length adjusted, when the colonel 
became the purchaser of the estate of Allerton Mau- 
leverer, (which he afterwards called Thornville Royal) 
for the sum of one hundred and ten thousand pounds, 
which was paid by instalments, according to the agree-' 
merit, within the twelve months. It is more necessary 
that this fact should be publicly known, as, among 
other erroneous reports, it has been stated that Colonel 
Thornton won this estate of the Duke of York at the 
gambling table. 

Soon after this event, the colonel, being well aware 
that the wolds were best calculated for the purpose of 
coursing and hawking, purchased of Mr. Bilby the 
estate of Bo} thorp, on the wolds, for the sum of ten 
thousand pounds, where he erected the present man- 
sion, known by the name of Falconer's Hall. 

During the sporting career of Colonel Thornton, his 
mansion of Thornville was always the scene of festive 



hospitality; and it may with truth be said, that no 
gentleman is better calculated to preside at the board 
of hilarity. His diversified talents, his quickness at 
repartee , his facetious stories on all topics, and his 
good natured acquiescence with the request of his 
guests, have ever rendered his table the resort of the 
neighboring noblemen and gentlemen; nor ought we 
to pass unnoticed the excellence and abundance of his 
wines, which were always of the first quality. 

With respect to the works of art which adorned the 
mansion-house of Thornville, few dwellings had to 
boast a more diversified and choice collection of paint- 
ings ; and, with respect to sporting subjects, it is only 
necessary to remark, that the most celebrated pic- 
tures of Gilpin and Reinagle, painted under the im« 
mediate direction of the colonel, were there to be 
found. The well-known picture of the Death of the 
Fox, by Gilpin, an unrivalled performance, is now, 
vie. are informed, engraving by Scott, in his best man- 
ner, and from the specimens of his excellence already 
before the public, there is little doubt but that it will 
prove a great treat, not only to the sporting world, but 
to all admirers of tine engraving. Among other mas- 
ters of the Italian and Flemish schools, which charac- 
terized the Thornville collection, were Guido, Car- 
racci, Teniers, Wovermans, Rubens, Vandyke, &c. &c. 

With respect to the sporting animals reared by 
Colonel Thornton, it will be merely requisite to in- 
stance a few, which, from their acknowledged excel- 
lence, sufficiently prove the judgment of the colonel 
in every point relating to the breed of animals, con- 
nected with field-sports. 

E 3 



Icelander-- A noted racer, bred by Colonel Thorn* 
ton, which won twenty-six matches, and was the first 
foal bred by the colonel. The sire of this horse was 
Grey-coat and his grandsire Dismal. 

Jupiter — This celebrated blood-horse was of a ches- 
nut colour, he was got by Eclipse, dam by Tartar, 
grandam, by Mog: 1, Sweepstakes, &c. in 1777, he 
won one thousand pounds, at Lewes: two hundred at 
Abingdon; and one thousand at Newmarket: and, 
in 1771, two hundred and forty at Newmarket. 

Truth — A remarkable steady hunter. 

Stoic — A famous race-horse which won a match at 
Newmarket for one thousand guineas. 

St. Thomas — A race-horse which beat Mr. Hare's 
Tit Quoque, the bet being five hundred guineas, each 
gentleman riding his own horse. 

Thornville — A celebrated hunter. 

Esterhazy — A most remarkable blood-horse now in 
the colonel's possession, being master of any weight, 
and active in all his paces. Of which- animal a very 
beautiful engraving is now executing by Ward, from a 
picture of Chalon. 


Fox- hounds. 

Merlin— A well-known fox-hound, bred by Colonel 

Lucifer — A most remarkable fox-hound, the sire of 
Lounger and Mad Cap, of equal celebrity. 


Old Conqueror — A matchless fox-hound, sire of many 
well-known dogs in the annals of fox-hunting. 


Dash — An acknowledged fine pointer, which sold for 
two hundred and fifty guineas. 

Pluto — A celebrated pointer. 

Juno — A remarkable bitch which was matched with 
a pointer of Lord Grantley's for ten thousand guineas, 
who paid forfeit. 

Modish — A bitch of acknowledged excellence. 

Lilly — A most remarkable steady bitcn. 

Nan — It is only necessary to state that seveaty-five 
guineas have been offered and refused for this bitch, 


Major— A dog of very great celebrity, and the 
father of Colonel Thornton's present breed of grey- 
hounds. — Of this animal a very beautiful engraving, 
from the masterly hand of Scott, is to be found in 
that highly finished work, The Sportsman's Cabinet; 
illustrated with specimens of every species of the ca- 
nine race. 

Czarina — A bitch of equal celebrity. 

Skyagraphina~A matchless hound. N. B. For 
each of these hounds the most extravagant sums have 
been offered but rejected. 


Dash — This a' -'unal is esteemed the ne plus ultra of 
this species of sporting dog, the colonel having used 
E 4 


Jhis utmost endeavours to bring the spaniel to perfec- 


Merryman — This celebrated dog is sire of a pack, 
which exceeds all others for symmetry, bottom, and 
pace. The beagles of Colonel Thornton will tire 
the strongest hunters, and return to kennel eorupam* 
lively fresh. 


It would be necessary to notice Colonel Thornton's 
Terriers, if it were only on account of his justly cele- 
brated Pitch, from whom are descended most of the 
white terriers in this kingdom. This dog was in the 
colonel's possession about twenty years ago, since 
which epoch, he has assiduously attended to this breed 
of sporting dogs. 


Sa?is Quart ier, Death, and the Devil, were thref 
of the most celebrated birds ever reared by Colonel 
Thornton during his pursuit of hawking, and were al- 
lowed to distance any birds of the kind which had ever 
been flown at the game. 

In speaking of the bodily activity of Colonel Thorn- 
ton, few men perhaps have ever given proofs of such 
extraordinary powers. 1 * Among various other matches 
of a similar nature, the following, it is conceived, 
will be amply sufficient to substantiate this fact : — 

in a walking match, which the colonel engaged to 


perform, he went four miles in thirty-two minutes and 
half a second. 

In leaping, Colonel Thornton cleared his own 
heigbth, being five feet nine inches, the bet being con- 

In another match it is stated, that he leaped over 
six five barred gates in six minutes, and then repeated 
the same on horseback. 

At Newmarket the colonel, on horseback, ran dowa. 
a hare, which he picked up, in the presence of an im- 
mense concourse of people assembled to witness this 
extraordinary match. 

With respect to shooting, either with the fowling- 
piece, rifle, or air-gun, Colonel Thornton faes given 
the most inccntestible proofs of the steadiness of his 
hand, aud the wonderful correctness of his sight, not 
only in bringing down the game, when pursuing the 
pastimes of the field, but also at a mark, in which 
his precision has never been surpassed. With regard 
to shooting apparatus of every description, Colonel. 
Thornton has not only been unmindful of expence in 
the procuring the best workmanship, but he has also 
evinced a considerable share of mechanical genius 
by the improvement of various kinds which he has 
made in the art of gunnery.. 

Notwithstanding the numerous pursuits of a sporting 
nature, which occupied the colonel's mind, he has 
seldom lost sight of those refinements winch charac- 
terize the man of literature and taste. His valuable 
collection of pictures at his last seat of Thornville 
Royal, sufficiently indicate his taste for the fine arts,., 
and the correct journals which he invariably kept, 
during all his excursions to Scotland, &c. as well as, 
£ 5. 


the artists who always attended him to make draw- 
ings of the scenery characteristic of the country 
through which he passed, are sufficient testimonies of 
his diversified talents and classic pursuits. 

Having thus dilated upon the sporting annals of 
Colonel Thornton, it will now be requisite to mention 
his conduct while Lieutenant-colonel of the West- 
York Militia, where he performed his duty as an offi- 
cer, and acquired the love of the soldiery to such a de- 
gree, that the regiment to a man adored him, rather 
as a benefactor and parent, than a chief whose com- 
mand they were subjected to. 

During the short interval of peace which occurred 
between this country and France, in 1802, the colonel 
repaired to Paris for the purpose of viewing that capi- 
tal; after which, he travelled through the southern 
provinces, and part of the conquered territory, where 
he pursued, with avidity, the sports which characterize 
that kingdom. On this occasion the colonel had an 
artist to accompany him, while, as in every other in- 
stance, he kept a journal of the events that transpired. 
From this diary, a very entertaining tour has been pro- 
duced, entitled, Colonel Thornton's Sporting Tour 
through France, &c. which, from the variety and ex- 
cellence of the picturesque illustrations with which it 
abounds, very justly takes precedence of almost every 
work of a similar description already before the public. 
In the course of this Tour appears a very < ntertaining 
and curious comparative view of the sports of the two 
countries, which, from the colonel's acknowledged 
excellence as an English sportsman, renders it not 
onK entertaining, but scientific and useful. These ma- 
terials form the subject of upwards of forty letters^. 


which were afterwards sent to his noble friend the 
Earl of Darlington, to whom this splendid work is 

This gentleman is not only devoted to the pursuits 
of Action, and the pleasures of Bacchus, but Venus 
and Cupid are likewise his idols, having, in the autumn 
of]S0r5, led to the hymeneal altar Miss Corston, of 
Essex, an accomplished young lady, of some for- 

With respect to the arcana of the law, no man has 
perhaps experienced more its direful effects than Co- 
lonel Thornton, who, for several years back, has had 
to struggle against its quibbles and intricacies to the 
injury of his pocket and the harassing of his mind; 
fet, notwithstanding these complicated difficulties, the 
pressure he experienced in pecuniary affairs, and the 
general opinion which prevailed that he was a ruined 
man, he has now completely reversed the scene, as, 
by the sale of a part only of his extensive possessions 
to Lord Stourton, he has not only falsified the clamour 
of report, but given incontestible proof of the acuteness 
of his own judgment, as few speculations in which he has 
embarked have ever proved abortive, but, on the con- 
trary, generally been productive of much profit. 

To enter into a particular detail of the nature of the 
accumulated law-suits of the colonel would be abso- 
lutely impossible, nor « ould it be any very easy matter 
to calculate the sums which he has expended in litiga- 
tions : the Courts of Chancery, King's Bench, and 
Common Picas ha\e been witnesses of his indefatiga-- 
ble genius, which may with justice be said never to 



Amongst the most celebrated involvements which 
have characterized the life of Colonel Thornton the 
most conspicuous was his trial before a court-martial 
for unsoldier-like conduct ; it would be impossible to 
enter at large upon this topic, but it is sufficient to 
state that such was the effect of the trial, that when the 
colonel was prompted to throw up his commission as 
lieutenant-colonel of the West York Militia, he was 
drawn into York by the soldiery, who, as a testimony 
of their gratitude and love, presented him with a beau- 
tiful medalion and splendid sword, which the colonel to 
the present hour esteems as the most precious badge of 
honour that could be bestowed. 

With respect to the corporeal pains incidental to hu- 
man nature, Colonel Thornton to all appearance is 
perfectly unacquainted with them, he has experienced 
the most trying accidents, but the hand of fate seems 
always to have been extended to preserve him ; rest, 
is generally esteemed the balm of human life, yet 
the colonel has copiously drank of the juice of the 
grape and remained with his friends till the return of. 
dawn; he still is awake atthe usual hour, and, while 
the world is buried in sleep, he frequently occupies an 
hour or two free from head-ach, with a mind calm and 
collected. It is evident the colonel has imbibed one 
opinion, viz.- — " Time is precious: life is but a span; 
we should t'-erefore make the best use of it." In fine 
the greatest persecution, that could be entailed on 
Colonel Thornton would be to condemn him to pass a, 
week in idleness: his mind ever on the alert, pictures 
some new scene lor action, and, if the object be but 
trivial we had better occupy the mind on that nothing- 


ness, than suffer the fancy to lie dormant and fix on 
things derogatory to our natures. 


(C I see you stand like greyhounds in the slips 
" Straining upon the start — The game's a-i'oot !" 

Shakespeare, Hen. Yth, 

The greyhound, under the ancient name of gaze- 
hound, formed one of the earliest dogs of the chase, 
and from the very nature of his first appellation was 
intended only to run by sight. He was the original 
accompaniment of royalty in the sports of the field ; 
and in lieu of fines and forfeitures due to the crown, 
King John was wont to accept of greyhounds; whe- 
ther, when received as a tax, he was able to obtain 
those of a superior description, is not to be ascertained. 
But the dog of that day, which under kings was the 
concomitant of hawking, was long-haired, and some- 
what resembling the one used by warreners ; and in the 
oldest pictures now extant on the subject, the spaniel, 
and sometimes the pointer accompanied the sportsman, 
in what was at thatptriod denominated— coursing. 

The greyhound then employed was probably larger 
than even the warren mongrel, resembling more the 
shaggy wolf-dog of former limes than any spoiling dog 
of the present day. The Wolds of Yorkshire, which 
like the Wealds of Kent, are a corruption of the word 
" Wilds/' appear, from the dates of parish books, to 
have been infested with wolves later than any othes 


part of England. In the entries at Flixton, Stackston, 
and Folkston, in the east riding of Yorkshire, are still 
to be seen memoranda of payments m ;de for the de- 
struction of wolves at a certain rate per bead. They 
used to breed in the cars below among the rushes, 
furze, and bogs, and in the night time come up from 
their dens, and unless the sheep had been previously 
driven into the town, or the shepherds indefatigably 
vigilant, great numbers of them were destroyed; it 
being observed of all wild animals, that when they 
have opportunity to depredate, they prefer the blood 
to the flesh of the victim, of course commit much un- 
necessary carnage. 

From the wolfs having so long remained in the parts 
just mentioned, it is not more than fifty years since 
many of the long-haired, curl-tailed greyhounds were 
to be traced, bred originally from the wolf-dog; and 
some of these, for a short distance, could run with 
surprising velocity. That a dog of this description 
should sufficiently gratify the coursing sentiment of that 
day, is by no means surprising; the uncultivated face 
of the country, covered with brakes, bushes, wood, 
and infinite obstacles, may readily account for it. In 
running their game, they had to surmount these impe- 
diments, and to dart through thorn hedges (in that 
unimproved state) which covered eighteen or twenty 
feet in width, and frequently to kill their object of pur- 
suit in the middle of them. 

These dogs were accustomed to lie unhoused upon? 
the cold ground, and to endure all hardships c( indif- 
ferent food', and more indifferent usage ; but when the 
owner (or protector) lived in the open air, unmindful 
of the elements, and regardless of the btorm, it can 


create no surprise that the faithful dog should fare no 
better than his master. This most likely was the ear- 
liest stage of the gaze or greyhound ; wild in his aspect, 
erect in his ears, and shaggy in his coat; but even in 
that unimproved state they had many good points; as 
straight firm legs ; round, hard, fox-hound feet; were 
incredibly quick at catching view, and being instanta- 
neously upon their legs, which modern sportsmen term 
* firing quickly. " 

In uniform progress with time, improvement pro- 
ceeded also; during " the merry days of good Queen 
Bess," when maids of honour could breakfast upon 
beef, and ride a-gallop for a day together, the sports 
of the field were objects of due attention. It was then 
her majesty, divested of regal dignity, would conde- 
scend to see a brace of deer pulled down by greyhounds 
after dinner; and it was then that coursing began to 
assume a more regulated form, and to acquire a more 
universal degree of emulative estimation. 

Instead of the wild man with his wilder dogs, taking 
his solitary quest for game ; the hourly enlightened 
sportsmen of that day, began to form themselves into 
more friendly congeniality, and rules were adopted by 
which a general confidence and mutual intercourse 
might be maintained. The Duke of Norfolk, who 
was the leading sportsman of that time, was powerfully 
solicited, and ultimately prevailed upon, to draw up 
a proper code of laws, which constitute the magna 
charta of the present day. 

These rules, though established by a duke, and re- 
gulated by a queen, rendered the coursing of that pe- 
riod but of a very sterile description. Pointers were 
used for the purpose of finding the game, and when 


any of these made a point, the greyhounds were un- 
coupled as a necessary prelude to the sport which was 
to ensue. The greyhounds, even at tins time, deviated 
but little from the kind already described ; rough and 
heavy, with strength enough to overcome any difficulty 
it might be necessary to break through. To found 
the sera of improved coursing, and for introducing 
greyhounds of superior form, and higher blood, was 
reserved for the late princely owner of Houghton. If 
the agricultural meetings in the most distant counties 
feel themselves gratefully justified in drinking, as their 
first toast, " The Memory of Mr. Bakewell," no true 
and consistent coursing meeting can ever omit to give, 
with equal enthusiasm, " The Memory of the Earl of 

It is the distinguishing trait of genius to be enthu- 
siastically bold, and daringly courageous. Nothing in 
art or science ; nothing in mental, or even in manual 
labour, was ever achieved of superior excellence, with- 
out that ardent zeal, that impetuous sense of eager 
avidity, which to the cold, inanimate, and unimpas- 
sioned, bears the appearance, and sometimes the un- 
qualified accusation of insanity. When a monarch of 
this country once received the news of a most heroic 
action maintained against one of his own fleets, and 
seemed considerably chagrined at the result; the then 
Lord of the Admiralty endeavoured to qualify and. 
soften down the matter, by assuring the king that " the 
commander of the enemy's Meet was mad," — " Mad 1 
would he were mad enough to bite one of my ad- 

Lord Orford had absolutely a phrenetic furor of this 
kind, in any thing he found himsejf disponed to- under- 


take ; it was a predominant trait in his character never 
to do any thing by halves, and coursing was his most 
prevalent passion beyond every other pleasurable con- 
sideration. In consequence of his most extensive pro- 
perty, and his extra-influence as lord lieutenant of the 
county, he not only interested numbers of opulent 
neighbours in the diversion, but, from the extent of 
his connections, could command such an immensity of 
private quarters for his young greyhounds, and of 
making such occasional selections from which, that 
few, if any, beside himself could possess. 

Tbere were times when he was knoan to have fifty 
brace of greyhounds ; and, as it was a fixed rule never 
to part from a single whelp till he had a fair and sub- 
stantial trial of his speed, he had evident chances (be- 
yond almost any other individual) of having, amongst 
so great a number, a collection of very superior dogs: 
but, so intent was he upon this peculiar object of at- 
tainment, that he went still farther in every possible 
direction to obtain perfection, and intraduced e\ery 
experimental cross from the English lurcher to the 
Italian greyhound. He had strongly indulged an idea 
of a successful cross with the bull dog, which he could 
never be divested of, and after having persevered (in 
opposition to every opinion) most patiently for seven 
removes, he found himself in possession of the best 
greyhounds ever yet known ; giving the small ear,, the 
rat-tail, and the skin almost without hair, together 
with that innate courage which the high-bred grey- 
hound should possess, retaining which instinctively he 
would rather die than relinquish the chase. 

One defect only this cross is admitted to have, 
which the poacher would rather know to be a truth, 


than the fair sportsman would come willingly forward 
to demonstrate. To the former it is a fact pretty well 
known, that no dog has the sense of smelling in a more 
exquisite degree than the bull dog; and, as they run 
mute, they, under certain crosses, best answer the 
midnight purposes of the poacher in driving hares to 
the wire or net. Greyhounds bred from this cross, 
have therefore some tendency to run by the nose, 
which, if not immediately checked by the master, they 
will continue for miles, and become very destructive 
to the game in the neighbourhood where they are kept, 
if not under confinement or restraint. 

In a short space of time after Lord Orford's decease, 
Lis greyhounds (with various other sporting appurte- 
nances) came und^r tins hammer of the auctioneer. 
Colonel Thornton, of Yorkshire, who had parsed much 
of his early life with Lurd Orion i, and hud been m ac- 
tive associate with him in his hawking establishments, 
was the purchaser of Czarina, Jupiter, and some of his 
best dogs, giving from thirty to fifty guineas each. It 
was by this circumstance the select biood of the Nor- 
folk dogs was transferred to Yorkshire ; and thence a 
'fair trial was obtained how the fleetest greyhounds that 
had ever been seen on the sands of Norfolk could run 
over the Wolds of Yorkshire. 

Old Jupiter, when produced by Colonel Thornton 
in that country, presented to the eye of either the 
sportsman or the painter, as gallant and true a picture 
of the perfect greyhound as ever was submitted to ju- 
dicioils inspection. He was a dog of great size, with 
a very long and taper head, deep m the chest, strong 
in the loins, with a skin exceedingly soft and pliable, 
ears small, and a tail as fine as whip-cord, From this 


-uniformity of make and shape, a cross was much 
sought after by members of the different coursing meet- 
ings in the northern districts, and it was universally 
admitted that the breed in Yorkshire was considerably 
improved by the Norfolk acquisition. 

Notwithstanding these dogs were amongst the best 
Lord Or ford had ever bred from his experimental 
crosses, and were the boast of the greatest coursers the 
south of England ever knew; yet when they came to 
be started against the hares of the High Wolds, they 
did not altogether support the character they had pre- 
viously obtained. This was more particularly demon- 
strated when the hares turned short on the hill sides, 
where the greyhounds, unable to stop themselves, fre- 
quently rolled like barrels from the top to the bottom, 
while the hare went away at her leisure, and heard no 
more of them; it was, however, unanimously agreed 
by all the sportsmen present, that they run with a 
great deal of energetic exertion, and always at the 
hare; that though beaten, they did not give it in, or 
exhibit any symptoms of lurching, or waiting to kill. 

In the low flat countries below the Wolds they were ^ 
more successful; such gentlemen, therefore, as haW 
been witnesses of the Norfolk, as well as> the Berkshire 
coursing, and saw how the best dogs of the south 
were beaten by the Wold hares, were led to observe, 
and afterwards to acknowledge, the superiority of the 
Wold coursing, and the strength of the hares there. 
By those who have never seen it, this has been much 
doubted ; the good sportsmen of the south, each par- 
tial to his own country (from a strong small enclosure 
to an open marsh pasture), deny this totally, and many 
invitations have passed from them to the sporting gen* 


tlemen of Yorkshire, to have a mid may meeting of 
greyhounds from the respective countries. 

To have capital coursing, a good dog is only one 
part of the business; it is not only necessary to have a 
good hare also, but a country where nothing but speed 
and power to continue it can save her. Over the high 
wolds of Stackton, Flixton, and Sherborne, in York- 
shire, where hares are frequently found three or four 
miles from any covert or enclosure whatever; the 
ground the finest that can possibly be conceived, c©n- 
sisting chiefly of sheep-walk, including every diversity 
of hill, plain, and valley by which the speed and 
strength of a dog can be fairly brought to the test; ft 
will not require many words to convince the real sports- 
man, that such courses have been seen there, as no 
other part of the kingdom in its present enclosed state 
can possibly offer, and these necessarily require a dog 
to be in that high training, for which in coursing of 
much less severity there cannot be equal occasion. But 
the day is fast approaching when coursing of such de- 
. scription will no more be seen ; in a very few years 
^ these wolds will be surrounded, and variously inter- 
*d(Hcted with fences, and thus equalized with other 
countries, the husbandman (who will then have his 
day of triumph over the sportsman) may justly and 
exultingly exclaim, 

Seges est, ubi Troja fuit ! 

The man who in any way challenges the whole world 
should recollect — the world is a wide place. Lord 
Orford once tried the experiment, and the challenge 
thus confidently made, was as confidently taken up by 
the present Duke of Queensberry (then Lord March], 


who had not a greyhound belonging to him in the 
world. Money will do much ; with indefatigable ex- 
ertion it will do more ; and it is a circumstance well 
known to many of the sporting world, that upon par- 
ticular occasions, some of the best pointers ever seen 
have emerged from a cellar from the metropolis, who 
it might be imagined had never seen a bird in the field. 
The duke in this instance applied to that well-known 
character old Mr. Elwes, who recommended him to 
another elderly sportsman of Berkshire (Captain Hatt), 
a courser of no small celebrity, who produced a grey- 
hound, that in a common country, beat Lord Orford's 

This same kind of challenge was some few years- 
since given by Snowball, and was the only challenge 
of similar import, that has not been accepted ; but it 
is requisite, at the same time, to remark, that the 
match was restricted to be run only in such place 
where a fair and decisive trial could be obtained. 
Those who have seen great matches decided by short 
courses, and bad hares (where chance frequently in- 
tervenes), must know that such trials are uncertain 
and deceptive, and that the real superiority of either 
dog may still remain unknown when the match is over. 
Perhaps, even in the best country, should the contest 
be for a large sum, and between two greyhounds of 
equal celebrity, the most equitable mode of ascertain- 
ing the merit of each, would be to run three courses, 
and adjudge the prize to the winner of the main of the 
three ; it being very unlikely, that in three courses ran 
in an open country, the superiority of one greyhound 
over the other should not be evidently perceived. 


The excellence of Snowball, whose breed was York- 
shire on the side of the dam, and Norfolk on that of 
the sire, was acknowledged by the great number who 
had seen him run ; and, perhaps, taken " for all in 
all," he was the best greyhound that ever ran in Eng- 
land. All countries were nearly alike to him, though 
bred where fences seldom occur ; yet, when taken 
into the strongest enclosures, he topped hedges of 
any height, and in that respect equalled, if not sur- 
passed, every dog in his own country. They who did 
not think his speed so superior, all allowed, that for 
wind, and for powers in running up long hills without 
being distressed, they had never seen his equal. 
, On a public coursing day given to the township of 
Flixton, the continuance of his speed was once reduced 
to a certainty by the known distance, as well as the 
difficulty of the ground. From the bottom of Flixton 
Brow, where the village stands, to the top of the hill 
where the wold begins is a measured mile, and very 
steep in ascent the whole of the way. A hare was 
found midway, and there was started with Snowball a 
sister of his given to the Rev. Mr. Minithorpe, and a 
young dog about twelve months old of another breed. 
The hare came immediately up the hill, and after re- 
peated turns upon the wold, took down the hill again ; 
but finding that in the sandy bottom she was less a 
match for the dogs, she returned, and in the middle 
of the hill the whelp gave in, Snowball and his sister 
being left with the hare; reaching the wold a second 
time, she was turned at least fifty times, where for- 
cibly feeling the certainty of approaching death, she 
again went do\vn the hill, in descending which the 


bitch dropped, and by immediate bleeding was reco- 
vered ; Snowball afterwards ran the hare into the vil- 
lage, where he killed her. 

The length of this course, by the ascertained dis- 
tance, was full four miles without adverting to the 
turns which must have much increased it; this, with a 
liill a mile high, twice ascended, are most indubitable 
proofs of continuance which few dogs could have given, 
and which few but Flixton hares could have .required. 
The people of Flixton talk of it to this day, and ac- 
customed as they are to courses of the richest descrip- 
tion in the annals of sporting, they reckon this amongst 
the most famous they have seen. 

Snowball, Major, his brother, and Sylvia, were per- 
haps the three best and most perfect greyhounds ever 
produced at one litter. They never were beaten. 

The shape, make, systematic uniformity, and all 
the characteristics of high blood were distinguishable 
in the three; the colour of Major and Sylvia were sin- 
gularly brindled, that of Snowball a jet black, and 
when in good running condition was as fine as black 
satin. Snowball won ten large pieces of silver plate, 
and upwards ol forty matches, having accepted every 
challenge, from whatever dogs of different countries 
were brought against him. His descendants have been 
equally successful: Venus, a brindled bitch; Black- 
smith, who died from extreme exertion in running up 
a steep hill; and young Snowball have beat every dog 
that was ever brought against them. 

lor the last three years Snowball has covered at 
three guineas, and the farmers in that, and the neigh- 
bouring districts, have sold crosses from his breed at 
ten and fifteen guineas each. Major, his brother, has 


displayed his powers before the gentlemen of the south 
as already described ; this, as a public exhibition of 
the dog to a few sporting amateurs, might be bearable, 
but could he have found a tongue, when he beheld 
himself brought to run a hare out of a box, in the 1 
month of March, upon Epsom Downs, amidst whis- 
kies, buggies, and gingerbread carts, well might he. 
have exclaimed, 

" To this complexion am I come at last!" 


A few years ago a possessor of Warthell Hall, in 
the village of Gilcruix, in Cumberland, being a great 
card-player, and at one time being on the wrong side 
of fortune to a great amount, in order to retrieve his 
losses, at once determined to make a desperate stroke, 
and pledged Warthell Hall and the estate in a single 
stake at the game of Put. The story goes, that the 
game running nearly even at the concluding deal, he 
exclaimed — 

" Up now duce, or else a tray, 

" Or Warthell's gone for ever and aye." 

The cards came up according to his wishes, and he 
saved his estate; and, to perpetuate the remembrance 
of that event, he had sculptured on one end of his 
house the figure of a card duce, and a tray on th« 
other, which remain at the present time. 



Described by Colonel Thornton. 

m Ix order to describe this mode of fishing, (says 
the colonel) it may be necessary to observe, that I 
make use of pieces of cork of a conical form, and 
having several of these all differently painted, and 
named after favourite hounds, trifling wagers are made 
on their success, which rather adds to the spirit of the 

" The mode of baiting them is, by placing a live 
bait, which hangs at the end of a line, of one yard and 
a half long, fastened only so slightly, that on the pike's 
striking, two or three yards more may run off, to ena- 
ble him to gorge his bait. If more line is used, it will 
prevent the sport that attends his diving and carrying 
under water the hound ; which being thus pursued in 
a boat down wind, (which they always take) affords 
very excellent amusement ; and where pike, or large 
perch, or even trout are in plenty, before the hunters, 
if I may so term these fishers, have run down the first 
pike, others are seen coming towards them, with a 
velocity proportionable to the fish that is at them. 

" In a fine summer's evening, with a pleasant party, 
I have had excellent diversion, and it is, in fact, the 
most adapted of any for ladies, whose company gives 
& gusto to all parties." 

It may not be amiss to introduce in this place the 
Following anecdote, in illustration of this mode of 
fishing, as re ] ated by Colonel Thornton, in his Sport- 
ing Tour to Scotland. 

" After breakfast (says he) we went again to Loch 
Alva, having got a large quantity of fine trout for bait; 


but, for many hours could not obtain a rise. Captain 
Waller baited the fox- hounds, and as his boat was to 
be sent forward, 1 came down to him, having killed a 
very fine pike- of above twenty pounds, the only one I 
thought we had left in the loch. The captain came 
on board, and we trolled together, without success, for , 
some time, and, examining the fox-hounds, found no 
fish at them. At length I discovered one of them 
which had been missing, though anxiously sought for, 
from the first time of our coming here ; it was uncom- 
monly well baited, and I was apprehensive that s'omel 
pike had run it under a tree, by which means both ri h 
and hound would be lost. On coming nearer, 1 clear- 
ly saw that it was the same one which had been mis- 
sing, that the line was run efT, and, by its continuing 
fixed in the middle of the lake, I made no doubt but 
some monstrous fish was at it. I was desirous that 
Captain Waller, who had not met with any success that 
morning, should take it up, which he accordingly did, 
when, looking below the stern of the boat, I saw a im 
mous fellow, whose weight could not be less than be-> 
tween twenty and thirty pounds. But notwithstand- 
ing the great caution the captain observed, before the 
landing net could be used, he made a shoot, carrying 
off two yards of cord. 

" As soon as we had recovered from the consterna- 
tion this accident occasioned, 1 ordered the boat tf 
cruise about, for the chance of his taking me again, 
which I have known frequently to happen with pike, 
who are wonderfully bold and voracious: on the se- 
cond trip, I saw a very large fish come at me, and col- 
lecting my line, I felt I had him fairly booked ; but I 
feared he had run himself tight round some root, hie 


weight seemed so dead : we rowed up, therefore, to the 
spot, when lie soon convinced me he was at liberty, by 
running me so far into the lake, that 1 had not one 
inch of line more to give him. The servants, fore- 
seeing the consequences of my situation, rowed with 
great expedition towards the fish, which now rose about 
seventy yards from us, an absolute wonder! I relied 
©n my tackle, which I knew was in every respect ex- 
cellent, as I had, in consequence of the large pike kill- 
ed the day before, put on hooks and gimps, adjusted 
with great care; a precaution which would have been 
thought superfluous in London, as it certainly was for 
most lakes, though here barely equal to my fish. After 
playing him for some time, I gave the rod to Captain 
Waller, that he might have the honour of landing him ; 
ior I thought him quite exhausted, when, to our sur- 
prise, we were again constrained to follow the monster 
nearly across this great lake, having the wind, too, 
much against us. The whole party were now in high 
blood, and the delightful Vilie de Paris quite manage- 
able ; frequently he flew out of the water to such a 
height, that though I knew the uncommon strength of 
my tackle, I dreaded losing such an extraordinary fish, 
and the anxiety of our little crew was equal to mine. 
After about an hour and a quarter's play, however we 
thought we might safely attempt to land him, which 
was done in the following manner : Neumarktt, a lad so 
called from the place of his nativity, who had now come 
to assist, I ordered, with another servant, to strip and 
wade in asfar as possible; which they readily did. In the 
nieau time I took the landing-net, while Captain Wal- 
ler, judiciously ascending the hill above, drewhim gently 
towards us. He approached the shore very quietly, 
f 2 


and we thought him quite safe, when seeing himself sur- 
rounded by his enemies, he in an instant made a last 
desperate effort, shot into the deep again, and, in the 
exertion, threw one of the men on his back. His im- 
mense size was now very apparent ; we proceeded with 
all due caution, and being once more drawn towards 
land, I tried to get his head into the net, upon effecting 
which, the servants were ordered to seize his tail, and 
slide him on shore : I took all imaginable pains to ac- 
complish this, but in vain, and began to think myself 
strangely awkward, when, at length having got his 
snout in, I discovered that the hoop of the net, though 
adapted to very large pike, would admit no more than 
that part. He was, however, completely spent, and in 
a few moments we landed him, a perfect monster ! 
He was stabbed by my directions in the spinal marrow, 
with a large knife, which appeared to be the most hu- 
mane manner of killing him, and I then ordered all 
the signals with the sky-scrapers to be hoisted ; and 
the whoop re-echoed through the whole range of the 
Grampians. On opening his jaws to endeavour to 
take the hooks from him, which were both fast in his 
gorge, so dreadful a forest of teeth, or tushes 1 think I 
never beheld : if I had not had a double link of gimp, 
with two swivels, the depth between his stomach and 
mouth would have made the former quite useless. His 
measurement, accurately taken, w&s Jive feet four inches, 
from eye to fork. 

Performed by a person named Giles Hoyle. 
This astonishing exploit is related by a sporting 
gentleman of great celebrity (Mr. Parker) who resides 



at Marshfield, near Settle, in. Yorkshire, it was accom- 
plished as follows :'• — 

September 4, 1780. — Giles Hoyle rode from Ipswich 
to Tiptree, and back again for the purpose of obtaining 
leave of absence for Major Clayton to attend the elec- 
tion at Clitheroe, from General Parker, being sixty-six 
miles in six hours. 

September 5. — He rode with his master from Ips- 
wich to Gisburne Park ; they started at six o'clock 
in the morning, and arrived at Gisburne Park at two 
o'clock in the afternoon the day following, two hun- 
dred and thirty miles; this he performed in thirty-two 

Seventh. — Dined at Browsholme, twelve miles. 

Eighth.— Returned to Clitheroe, five miles, and, at 
ten o'clock that night, he took horse for Lulworth Cas- 
tle, in Dorsetshire, with conveyance deeds of some bo- 
rough-houses in Clitheroe, for the signature of Mr. 
Weld. He arrived at Lulworth between nine and tea 
o'clock on Monday morning the 10th. Transacted his 
business, and returned to Clitheroe on the following 
evening at seven o'clock : the whole being five hundred 
and forty miles. This he performed in sixty-nine hours. 

N. B. Giles Hoyle kept an exact account of his ex- 
pences to a penny, during the above time. The wea- 
ther was very wet and stormy during the whole jour- 


Htc follovjing Lines are intended to commemorate, one of the best of 
Spaniels that ever existed. 

Well hast thou earn'd this little space, 
Which barely marks the turf is heav'd ; 

For truest of a faithful race, 

Tby voice its master ne'er deceiv'd. 
* 3 


Whilst busy ranging hill and dale, 

The pheasant crouch'd from danger nigh, 

'Till wanner felt the scented gale, 
Thou forc'd the brilliant prey to fly. 

Alike the woodcock's dreary haunt, 

Thou knew to find amidst the shade ; 
Ne'er did iliy tongue redoubled chaunt, 

But, mark ! quick echo'd thro' the glade! 

Rest then assur'd that mortals can 

Draw a good moral from thy story here ; 

Happy if so employ'd the span 
Of active life, within their sphere. 

For, search the middling world around, 

How few their proper parts sustain ! 
How rare the instance to be found, 

Of truth amongst the motley train ! 


Joseph Man was born within the last century, at 
Pules Walden, in Hertfordshire, in which county he 
was, at an early age, employed &sa gamekeeper. When 
nineteen years old, a violent fever changed his hair to 
grey in one night ; so that at the time of being hired, 
in the year 1733, by Viscount Torrington, as hunts- 
man, he had the appearance of an elderly man. He 
remained in the family of three Viscount Torringtons, 
from the year 1733 to the year 1777, generally as 
huntsman; sometimes as gamekeeper. Stout and bo- 
ny, he continued in unwearied exercise; a perfect 
adept in shooting, hare-hunting, and in the art of pre- 
serving game. Domesticated so long in the same fa- 
mily, and attentive to the same sports, he. was looked 


upon by the neighbours as a prodigy ; was known, far and 
near, as old Joe Man, and was called by all the country 
people Daddy. He was in constant strong morning 
exercise ; he went to bed always by times, but never 
till his skin was rilled with ale. " This (he said) would 
do no harm to an early riser, (he was ever up at day- 
break) and to a man xvho pursued field-sports." At se- 
venty-eight Years of age he began to decline, and then 
lingered three years; his gun was ever upon his arm, 
and he still crept about, not destitute of the hope of 
fresh diversion. 


In the year 1 638, lived Mr. Hastings, at Woodlands, 
in the county of Southampton, by his quality, son, bro- 
ther, and uncle, to the earls of Huntingdon, lie was, 
pei adventure, an original in our age, or rather the co- 
py of our antient nobility in hunting, not in warlike 
times. He was very low, strong, and active, with red- 
dish flaxen hair: his clothes, which, when new, were 
never worth five pounds, were of green cloth. His 
house was perfectly old-fashioned, in the midst of a 
large park, well-stocked with deer and rabbits, many 
fishponds, a great store of wood and timber, a bowling- 
green in it, long but narrow, full of high-ridges, never 
having been levelled since it was ploughed ; round sand 
bowls were used, and it had a banqueting-house like a 
stand, built in a tree. 

Mr. H. kept all manner of hounds, that run buck, 
fox, hare, otter, and badger. Hawks, both long and 
short winded. He had all sorts of nets for fish. A 


walk in the New Forest, and the manor of Christ 
Church : this last supplied him with red deer y sea and 
river fish ; and, indeed, all his neighbours' grounds and 
royalties were free to him, who bes'towed all his time 
on these sports. But he borrowed to caress his neigh- 
bours* wives and daughters, there not being a woman in 
all his walks, of the degree of a yeoman's wife, and un- 
der the age of forty, but it was extremely her fault, if 
he was not intimately acquainted with her. This made 
him popular, always speaking kindly to the husband, 
brother, or father, and making them welcome at his 
mansion, where they found beef, pudding, and small 
beer, and a house not so neatly kept as to shame him 
or his dirty shoes ; the great hall strewed with marrow- 
bones, full of hawks, perches, hounds, spaniels and ter- 
riers; the upper side of the hall hung with the fox 
skins of this and the last year's killing, here and there 
a martin-cat intermixed, and gamekeepers and hunters' 
poles in abundance. 

The parlour was a large room, as properly furnished. 
On a hearth paved with brick, lay some terriers, and 
the choicest hounds and spaniels. Seldom less than 
two of the great chairs had litters of kittens on them, 
which were not be disturbed, he always having three or 
four cats attending him at dinner ; and to defend such 
meat as he had no mind to part with, he kept order 
with a short white stick that lay by him. 

The windows, which were very large, served for 
places to lay his arrows, cross-bows, and other such ac- 
coutrements. The corners of the rooms were full of 
the best chosen hunting and hawking poles. An oyg* 
ter table at the lower end, which was in constant use 
twice a day, all the year round, for he never failed to 


eat oysters before dinner and supper, through all sea- 
sons. In the upper part of the room were two small 
tables and a desk ; on the one side of the desk was a 
church bible, and on the other a book of martyrs : upon 
the table were hawkshoods, belts, &c. two or three old 
green hats, with their crowns thrust in, so as to hold ten 
or a dozen eggs, which were of a pheasant kind of 
poultry; these he took much care of, and fed himself, 
Tables, boxes, dice, cards were not wanting : in the 
holes of the desk was store of old-used tobacco-pipes. 

On one side of this end of the room was the door of 
a closet, wherein stood the strong beer and the wine, 
and which never came thence but in single glasses, that 
being the rule of the house exactly observed; for he 
never exceeded in drinking, nor ever permitted it. 

On the other side was the door into an old chapel, 
not used for devotion. The pulpit, as the safest place 
never wanted a cold chine of beef, venison pasty, gam- 
mon of bacon, or a great apple-pie, with a thick crust, 
extremely baked. His table cost him not much, 
though it was always well supplied. His sport furnish- 
ed all but beef and mutton, except Fridays, when he 
had the best of salt, as well as other Jish, he could get, 
and this was the day on which his neighbours of the 
first quality visited him. 

He never wanted a London pudding, and always 
sung it in with " my pert eyes therein a" — He drank a 
glass or two at meals, very often syrup of gilliflowers 
in his sack, and always a tun glass stood by him, hold- 
ing a pint of small beer, which he often stirred with 
rosemary. He was affable, but soon angry, calling, 
his servants bastards and cuckoldy knaves, in one of 
which he often spoke truth to his own knowledge, and 
r 5 


sometimes both, of the same person. He lived to be 
an hundred, never lost his eye-sight, but always wrote 
and read without spectacles, and got on horseback with- 
out help. Until past fourscore years old, he rode up to 
the death of a stag as well as any man. A portrait of 
this gentleman is now at Winbourn St. Giles, Dorset- 
shire, the seat of the Earl of Shaftesbury. 


(Given in a letter from an officer resident in India, lo his friend 
in London.) 

I am just returned from a four months excursion 
with his Excellency the Nawab, and as a sketch of our 
ramble may afford you some amusement in an idle 
hour, I shall detail a few of the most agreeable and in- 
teresting circumstances which occurred. After leaving 
Lucknow, we directed our course towards Baraeech; 
our kafeela consisted of about 40,000 men, and 20,000 
beasts, composed of 10,000 soldiers, 1000 cavalry, and 
near 150 pieces of cannon; 1500 elephants, 3000 
hackeries, and an innumerable train of camels, horses, 
and bullocks ; great number of ruts,* filled with the 
Nawab's women ; many large and small boats carried 
on carts drawn by 50, 40, 30, or 20 bullocks ; tygers, 
leopards, hawks, fighting-cocks, quails, and nightin- 
gales ; pigeons, dancing-women, and boys; singers, 
players, buffoons, and mountebanks. In short his ex- 
cellency had every thing, every object which could 

* Ruts are covered carriages for women, dtawn by oxe«* 


please or surprise, cause a smile, or raise a sneer, at- 
tract admiration, fix with wonder, or convulse with 
laughter; captivate the eye, lull the ear, or tickle the 
palate ; above 500 coolees were employed to carry his 
shooting apparatus, guns, powder, shot, and etceteras; 
he had above 1000 double-barrel guns, the finest that 
Manton and Nock could make, and single-barrels, pis- 
tols, swords, and spears without number. 

Religion constrained him to stop some days at Ba- 
raeech to pay homage at the tomb of a celebrated 
saint:* all good men who are able, resort to worship 
this holy anchorite once a year, generally in the month 
of May ; his bones were discovered about 400 years 
ago, and manifested their sanctity by some miraculous 
marks. The witty and unbelieving say they were the 
skeleton of on ass, without thinking of the impiety in 
imagining there is any resemblance between an ass, and 
a saint, whether dead or alive. 

From Baraeech we steered towards Nanpara, a 
small town in the first range of mountains, commonly 
called the Commow Hills, which extend from the eas- 
tern extremity of Bootan to Hurdwar, and divide Hin- 
dostan from Tibet and Napal. Game of all sorts 
were destroyed every morning and evening without 
number or distinction ; his Excellency is one of the 
best marksmen I ever saw ; it would be strange if he 
was not, as one day with another he fires above 100 
shots at every species of birds and animals. The first 
tiger we saw and killed was in the mountains : we 
xvent to attack him about noon ; he was in a narrow 

* Named Salar Gazee, 

r 6 


valley which the Nawab surrounded with above 200 
elephants : we heard him growl horribly in a thick 
bush in the midst of the valley. Being accustomed to 
the sport, and very eager, I pushed in my elephant ; 
the fierce beast charged me immediately; the ele- 
phant, a timid animal, as they generally are, turned 
tail, and deprived me of the opportunity to fire : I ven- 
tured again, attended by two or three other elephants ; 
the tiger made a spring, and nearly reached the back 
of one of the elephants, on which were three or four 
men ; the elephant shook himself so forcibly, as to 
ihrow these men ofThis back ; they tumbled into the 
bush: I gave them up for lost, but was agreeably sur- 
prised to see them creep out unhurt. His excellency 
was all this time on a rising ground near the thicket, 
looking on calmly, and beckoning to me to drive the 
tiger towards him. I made another attempt, and 
with more success ; he darted out towards me on my 
approach, roaring furiously, and lashing his sides with 
his tail. I luckily got a shot, and hit him ; he re- 
treated into the bush, and ten or twelve elephants, 
just then pushed into the thicket, alarmed the tiger, 
and obliged him to run out towards the Nawab, who 
instantly gave him a warm reception, and with the as- 
sistance of some of his omrahs, laid the tiger sprawling 
on his side, as dead as a stone. A loud shout of wha ! 
wha ! proclaimed the victory ; and those who had been 
too timid to approach before, from idle apprehension, 
assumed their valour, and rushed on the fallen hero 
with slaughtering swords. On elephants, there is no 
danger in encountering these savage beasts, which you 
know from repeated trials. I have been at the killing 
of above 30 tigers, and seldom saw any one hurt : if 



you recollect, I was thrown off my elephant on one, 
and escaped with a bruise. 

The next sport we had of any magnitude was an at- 
tack on a wild elephant, which we met a few days after 
the battle with the tiger : we espied him in a plain 
overgrown with grass. The Nawab, eager for such di- 
versions, immediately formed a semicircle with 400 
elephants, who were directed to advance on and en- 
circle him. This was the first wild elephant I had 
ever seen attacked, and confess I did not feel very ea- 
sy ; however, 1 kept alongside of his excellency, deter- 
mined to take my chance. When the semicircle of 
elephants got within 300 yards of the wild one, he 
looked amazed, but not frightened : two large must* 
elephants of the Nawab's were ordered to advance 
against him ; when they approached within twenty 
yards he charged them; the shock was dreadful ; how- 
ever the wild one conquered, and drove the must ele- 
phants before him. As he passed us, the Nawab, 
ordered some of the strongest female elephants with 
thick ropes to go alongside of him, and endeavour to 
entangle him with nooses and running knots ; the at- 
tempt was vain, as he snapped every rope, and none 
of the tame elephants could stop his progress. The 
Nawab, perceiving it impossible to catch him, ordered 

* Must elephants are those which are in high rut ; they are 
then very unmanageable, bold, savage, and often very dangerous. 
The male elephants become mast at a certain age, which some say 
is 40 years : the must elephants are the only ones who will dare 
to face a wild one ; they are also used in the elephant-fights exhi- 
bited before the princes of India. 


his death, and immediately a volley of above 100 
shots were fired ; many of the balls hit him, but he 
seemed unconcerned, and moved on towards the 
mountains; we kept up an incessant fire for near half 
an hour ; the Nawab and most of his omrahs used 
rifles which carried two or three ounce balls, but they 
made very little impression, the balls just entered the 
skin, and lodged there. I went up repeatedly, being 
mounted on a female elephant, within ten yards of the 
wild one, and fired my rifle at his head ; the blood 
gushed out, but the skull was invulnerable. Some of 
the Kandahar horse galloped up to the wild elephant, 
and made cuts at him with their sabres ; he charged 
the horsemen, wounded some, and killed others. Be- 
ing now much exhausted with the loss of blood, having 
eceived 3000 shots and many strokes of the sabre, he 
slackened his pace, quite calm and serene, as if deter- 
mined to meet his approaching end with the undaunted 
firmness of an hero. I could not at this time refrain 
from pitying so noble an animal, and thought I saw 
in him the great Epaminondas encompassed by the La- 
cedemonians at the battle of Mantinea. The horse- 
men seeing him weak and slow, dismounted, and with 
their swords began a furious attack upon the tendoni 
of his hind legs ; they were soon cut ; unable to pro- 
ceed, this noble monarch of the woods staggered, look- 
ed with an eye of reproach mixed with contempt at his 
unfeeling foes, and then fell without a groan, like a 
mountain thrown on its side. The hatchetmen now 
advanced, and commenced an attack on his large ivory 
tusks, whilst the horsemen and soldiers, with barba- 
rous insult, began a cruel and degrading assault oo 
the extended hero, to try the sharpness of their sabres* 


display the strength of their arm, and shew their invin- 
cible courage. The sight was very affecting ; he still 
breathed, and breathed without a groan ; he rolled his 
eyes with anguish on the surrounding croud, and 
making a last effort to rise, expired with a sigh ! Thus 
has many a brave Roman met his fate, overcome by 
superior numbers. The Nawab returned to his tents, 
as much flushed with vanity and exultation as Achil- 
les ; and the remainder of the day, and many a day 
after, were dedicated to repeated narrations of this vic- 
tory, which was ornamented and magnified by all the 
combined powers of ingenious flattery and unbounded 

" Sooth'd with the sound, the prince grew vain, 
" Fought all his battles o'er again, 

** And thrice he routed all his foes, and thrice he 6lew tb« 

From the mountains we directed our course towards 
Buckra Jeel, where we arrived on the 4th of Decem- 
ber. Buckra Jeel is a large lake, about three miles 
round at its most contracted extremity, and in some 
parts about thirty, surrounded by thick and high grass, 
at the foot of the Gorrackpoor hills; the Jungle,, 
which surrounds the lake, is full of wild elephants, rhi- 
noceroses, tigers, leopards, wild buffalos, deer, and 
ever species of aerial game. This was the place des- 
tined for the grand hunt, which we were daily taught 
to expect with pleasing anxiety, by the florid descrip- 
tions of his excellency. On the 5th of December, early 
in the morning, we were summoned to the Sylvan 
war: aline of 1200 elephants was drawn up on the 


north of the lake, facing the east ; and we proceeded 
rapidly through the high grass with minds glowing with 
the expectation of the magnanimous sport we should 
meet. Lay down your pipes, ye country squires, who 
boast in such pompous language the destruction of a 
poor fox or puss, and say in what splendid lexicon ye 
could find terms to convey a resemblance of the scene 
I saw, and now endeavour to describe. When we had 
arrived at the eastern extremity of the lake, we per- 
ceived a large drove of wild elephants, feeding and 
gambolling at the foot of the mountains : I counted 
above one hundred and seventy. At this critical mo- 
ment Mr. Conway, a gentleman in the Nawab's service, 
fell off his elephant, owing to the animal's slipping his 
foot into a concealed hole : Mr. Conway was much 
bruised, pale, and almost senseless. The Nawab 
stopped to put him into a palankeen, and sent him back 
to the encampment. This gave the wild elephants- 
time to gaze on our dreadful front, and recover from 
their amaze; many of them scampered off towards the 
hills. The Nawab divided our line of 1200 elephants 
into four bodies, and sent them in pursuit of the wild 
ones, which they were to take or destroy : I remained 
with the division attached to the Nawab ; we attacked 
a large male elephant, and after a long contest. killed 
him in the same manner as the one I have already des- 
cribed ; we killed also four smaller ones, and our divi- 
sion, including the other three, caught twenty- one ele- 
phants, which we led to our encampment in high tri- 
umph. I have only given a short account of this grand 
hunt, as it is impossible for the most splendid language 
to describe what we saw and felt. The confusion, tu- 
mult, noise, firing, shrieking of 1200 tame elephants^ 


Attacking 170 wild ones, all tossed in terrible disorder, 
formed a dreadful melange which cannot be imagined 
by the most luxuriant fancy ; to attempt therefore a 
delineation would be to injure the sublime subject. 
There were above 1 3,000 shots fired from all quarters; 
and, considering the confusion, I am surprised the 
scene was not more bloody on our side ; about twenty 
men were killed and maimed, and near half a dozen of 
horses. I had two rifles and two double barrels, and a 
boy to load for me in the khawas ;* yet I could not 
fire quick enough, though I expended 400 balls. Ma- 
ny of our tame elephants, who were must, and brought 
to oppose the wild ones, were knocked down, bruised, 
pierced, and made to fly ; the largest elephant we killed 
was above ten feet higb,f and would have sold for 
20,000 rupees if it had been caught. Our prize of 
this day might without amplification be estimated at 
50,000 rupees ; but you know the love of lucre was 
not our aim. 

Pause for a moment, my dear sir, and reflect on the 
scene I have described ; and you will confess, though 
seen through the imperfect medium of a description, 
that it must have been the sublimest sight that ever 
was presented to the mind of man in the sylvan war. 

* The khawas is a place in the rear of the howda, where the 
attendant sits. The howda is a carriage or box like the body of 
a phaeton, tied on the back of the elephant, where the rider is 

f Travellers say there are elephants sixteen feet high, but this 
is the language of romance ; I never saw one eleven feet highj 
and I have seen some thousands. The Nav. ab gives extravagani 
prices for large elephants, and he has none eleven feet high, 


Actseon would have been alarmed, and Diana and her 
nymphs frightened out of their wits. We expatiate 
on it with rapture ; and no one who was present will 
lose the remembrance of it as long as he enjo)s his fa- 

From Buckra Jeel we came to Faizebad, where we 
reposed for three weeks, to recover from the great fa- 
tigue we had undergone. After a gay scene of every 
species of oriental amusement and dissipation, we re- 
turned to this place having killed in our excursion 
eight tigers, six elephants, and caught twenty-one. To 
enumerate the other kinds of game would require a 
sheet as ample as the petition which was presented to 
Jenghis Khan, and might perhaps be treated by you 
in the manner that conqueror treated the petition. 


It is by no means unknown to the sporting world of 
thirty years past, that the late Lord Spencer Hamilton 
was one of its most liberal, zealous, and respected vota- 
ries. No man living enjoyed it more, or run his horses 
With a higher sense of honour, or greater anxiety to 
win. It is likewise as universally known, that his libe~ 
ratify, hospitality, and nocturnal propensities, led him in- 
to weighty and innumerable difficulties ; difficulties that 
occasioned as confidential an intimacy between his lord- 
ship and Besbridge (a celebrated sheriffs officer for four 
counties) as between a prime minister and his private 
secretary. Under a variety of pecuniary engagements, 
writs were unfortunately in eternal approach, and his 
lordship was, in consequence, as constantly sequester- 
ing himself to avoid the ejject ; when at length a kiud 


©f accommodating adjustment became unavoidably ne- 
cessary for the convenience of both parties, which, in 
the termination of events, proved no way dishonour- 
ble to either. When B. was put in possession of the 
copy of a writ, with a letter of instructions from any 
worthy or unworthy, limb of the law, well knowing the 
impossibility of " touching his lordship upon the shoul- 
der" in his recluse habitation, with out works so well 
defended, he found it necessary to introduce a kind 
of friendly affection, and apprise his lordship by letter 
of what he htld against him, with an earnest solicita- 
tion that his lordship would be punctual and expedi- 
tious in the business ; which was generally satisfacto- 
rily arranged, without much delay to one, or disgrace 
to the other ; B — having this usual fee remitted 
(which, by the bye, he was greatly entitled to) for his 
'unfashionable kindness and unprofessional lenity upon 
the occasion. This continued, fur some years, to an- 
swer both their purposes, till his lordship making a grand 
Wort at " seven's the main," one night in the environs 
of St. James's, with a view to retrieve his affairs atone 
stroke, received so violent an electrical shock in the 
elbow, that he became totally unable to attend to the 
accumulating admonitions and repeated remonstrances 
of the sheriff's delegate, whose pressing injunctions 
now compelled him to write — to solicit — to intreat — to 
insist — but without the least effect, B — , however, 
accidentally heard that a deer was to be turned out 
before the king's hounds at Bullmarsh Heath near Hea- 
ding; a scene of pleasure from which his lordship was 
hardly ever known to be absent, unless upon compul- 
sion in his military attendance upon his. regiment of 
the guards. As B— had anxiously hoped, so it proved j 


and he had no sooner discovered his object, than his 
lordship (in the very moment when every eye was in- 
tent upon the stag's leaping out of the cart) recognized 
the antique countenance of his old friend, in as " dead a 
set at him" as ever was made by one of his own stanch 
pointers (having the wind) when perfectly in scent of 
his game. Upon Besbridge's giving signal for chase, 
his lordship (who always rode most excellent hunters) 
immediately went " off' at score," leading him a gallop 
over the heath to the inexpressible laughter and enter- 
tainment of the company ; when the hounds being laid 
on, by the interposing sympathy of old Kennedy, the 
then huntsman (who felt for his friend and brother 
sportsman) it afforded his lordship immediate opportu- 
nity to fall iu with them ; while poor Besbridge being 
thrown out at the very first leap, was reluctantly com- 
pelled to relinquish the chase, and comfort himself 
with the consolatory transposition of vetii, vidi, vici,. 
to " I came, I saw, I was overcome :" but as it is, 
Hudibrastically admitted, that 

" He who fights, and runs away, 
" May live to fight another day j'* 

so by the same parity of reasoning it may be concluded 
that this temporary misunderstanding did not extend 
beyond the morrow. Suffice it to observe, that his 
lordship no more neglected the private admonitions of 
so excellent a friend ; nor did he again disconcert his 
lordship by any similar public obtrusion, having faith- 
fully promised never to hunt again when his lordship, 
was in the field ; a promise that he not only strictly 
adhered to, but he even continued to render his lord- 


ship every tenderness in the practice of his profession, 
'till the unfortunate hour when the accumulation of 
pecuniary demands, too numerous and weighty for his 
lordship to stand against, compelled him to leave his 
native country, there to breathe " with broken spirit" 
his last hour in distant obscurity, very remote from the 
scene of his former hospitality, the presence of his nu- 
merous sporting friends, and the seat of all those fa- 
vourite field sports to which his possessions were fully 
adequate (being in the then receipt of 12001. per an- 
num) could he have happily divested himself of that 
unfortunate infectious attachment to" the bones," that 
has, within a very few years, reduced so many from the 
inexpressible comforts of affluence, to the dreary abyss 
of disgrace and misery. 


Professor Raff, in his i( System of Natural His- 
tory," relates the following fact, and as the authenticity 
of that elegant author is unimpeachable, we think it 
fully entitled to a place in this collection. 

" A French merchant having some money due from 
a correspondent, set out on horseback, accompanied 
by his dog, on purpose to receive it. Having settled 
the business to his satisfaction, he tied the bag of mo- 
ney before him, and began to return home. His 
faithful dog, as if he entered into his master's ftelingo, 
frisked round the horse, barked, and jumped, and 
seemed to participate in his joy. 

" The merchant, after riding some miles, alighted to 
repose himself under an agreeable shade, and, ta- 
king the bag of money in his hand, laid it down by 


his side under an hedge, and, on remounting, forgot 
it. The dog perceived his lapse of recollection, and 
wishing to rectify it, ran to fetch the bag, but it was 
too heavy for him to drag along. He then ran to his 
master, and by crying, barking, and howling, seemed 
to remind him of his mistake. The merchant under- 
stood not his language ; but the assiduous creature 
persevered in its efforts, and, after trying to stop the 
horse in vain, at last began to bite his heels. 

" The merchant, absorbed in some reverie, wholly 
overlooked the real object of his affectionate atten- 
dant's importunity, but waked to the alarming appre- 
hension that he was gone mad. Full of this suspicion, 
in crossing a brook, "he turned back to look if the dog 
would drink ; the animal was too intent upon its mas- 
ter's business to think of itself ; it continued to bark 
and bite with greater violence than before. 

" Mercy V cried the afflicted merchant, ' it must be 
so, my poor dog is certainly mad : what must I do ? 
1 must kill him, lest some greater misfortune befal 
me; but with what regret! Oh, couid 1 find any one 
to perform this cruel office for me ! but there is no 
time to lose ; I myself may become the victim, if I 
spare him. 

" With these words, he drew a pistol from his pock- 
et, and with a trembling hand took an aim at his faith- 
ful servant. He turned away in agony as he fired, but 
the aim was too sure: the poor animal falls wounded 
and weltering in his blood, and still endeavours to 
crawl towards his master, as if to lax him with ingra- 

11 The merchant could not bear the sight ; he spurred 
©n his horse with a heart full of sorrow, and lamented 


lie had taken a journey, which had cost him so dear. 
Still, however, the money never entered his mind ; he 
only thought of bis poor dog, and tried to console him- 
self with the reflection, that he had prevented a greater 
evil by dispatching a mad animal, than he had suffered 
a calamity by his loss. This opiate to his wounded 
spirit was ineffectual. ■ I am most unfortunate, (said 
he to himself) : I had almost rather have lost my mo- 
ney than my dog.' Saying this, he stretched out his 
hand to grasp his treasure; it was missing! no bag 
was to be found ! In an instant he opened his eyes to 
his rashness and foil}*. Wretch that 1 am ! I alone am to 
blame: 1 could not comprehend the admonition which 
my innocent and most faithful friend gave me, and I have 
sacrificed him for his zeal. He only wished to inform 
me of my mistake, and he has paid for his fidelity with 
his life/ 

" Instantly he turned his horse, and went off with a 
full gallop to the place where he bad stopped. IJe 
saw wilh half-averted eyes the scene where the tragedy 
was acted ; he perceived the traces of blood as he pro- 
ceeded ; he was oppressed and distracted, but in vain 
did be look for his dog— he was not to be seen on the 
road. At last he arrived at the spot where he had 
alighted. But what were his sensations! his heart was 
leady to bleed— he cursed himself in the madness of 
despair. The poor dog, unable to follow, his d^ar, 
but cruel, master, had determined to consecrate his 
last moments to his service. He had crawled, all 
bloody as he was, to the forgotten bag, and in the 
agonies of death he lay watching beside it. When he 
saw his master, he still testified his joy by the wagging 
ot hiys tail — he could do no more — he tried to rise, but 
his strength was gone; the vital tide was ebbing fast. 


even the caresses of his master could not prolong his 
fate for a few moments : he stretched out his tongue to 
lick the hand that was now fondling him in the agonies 
of regret, as if to seal forgiveness for the deed that had 
deprived him of life. He then cast a look of kindnesi 
on his master, and closed his eyes for ever/' 


A gentleman once made an excursion into Lei- 
cestershire, to hunt with the fox-hounds so justly cele- 
brated in that county. On the first day of their sport 
they unkenneled in high style, the fox breaking on the 
unexpected side of the covert, with only two horsemen 
(a large field) within hearing, and the hounds going 
away in a body breast high, every soul was completely 
thrown out, and continued riding near twenty miles 
upon enquiry, without once reaching the chace, or 
even hearing to a certainty, which way they were 
gone. Thus some were riding one way, and some ano- 
ther ; and the gentleman followed, as he supposed, the 
track of the chase, destitute of any guide whatsoever, 
except his own private opinion. At length he observed 
hounds running up the side of a hill, at a distance of 
about four or five miles ; this discovery excited in 
him the most lively joy, being thus relieved from that 
unpleasant state of suspence : it gave new life and vi- 
gour both to himself and his horse. By pursuing the 
line accurately, he came within hearing, and ultimately 
to the death first, as the huntsman was throwing Rey- 
nard among the hounds. Not attending to the com- 
pany, but intently fixed upon the energetic emulation 
of the hounds,, in tearing their fox, he was roused from 


his enjoyment by a voice eagerly enquiring " How long 
they had run ?" Taking out his watch, he very inno- 
cently replied — " An hour and three quarters." — " An 
hour and three quarters V 3 vociferated, with stentorian 
lungs, the enquirer, " why, sir, it is not much more 
than half an hour since we unkenneled: we came away 
close at his brush, and after the hardest brush I ever 
rode in my life, we have killed without a check !" This 
difference of opinion instantly rouzed the attention of 
all present, and excited no small degree of mutual sur- 
prise ; for the gentleman appeared to the company a 
preter-natural visitor from the regions above or below ; 
and he, discovering no one face in the field that he had 
seen in the morning, proceeded to explanation, when 
it appeared that he had run accidentally into Sir W. 
L — r's hounds, and had only to condole himself with 
the whimsical singularity of his situation, not to be 
equalled, perhaps, by the oldest sportsman in the king- 
dom. He had unkennelled with one pack, (rode a chace 
of near thirty miles without hounds) and been at the 
death with another : having that distance to return un- 
accompanied, to the spot he had fixed on for his resi- 
dence, during his sporting excursion to that county. 


Peter Beckford, Esq. having heard of a small pack 
of beagles to be disposed of in Derbyshire, sent his 
coachman (the person he could then best spare) to 
fetch them. It was a long journey, and the man, not 
having been used to hounds, had some trouble in getting 
them along; besides, it unfortunately happened, that 
they had not been out of the kennel for many weeks 


before, and were so riotous, that they ran after every 
thing they saw ; sheep, cur-dogs, and birds of all sorts, 
as well as hare and deer, had been his amusement all 
the way along. However, he lost but one hound : and 
when Mr. Beckford asked him what he thought of 
them, he replied — •" They could not fail of being good 
hounds, for they would hunt any thing /" 


Some gentlemen being a hunting in Derbyshire, 
found a fox in good style, went away with him, and 
had a severe run of two hours and a half, when the 
hounds came to a sudden check. After trying for a 
quarter of an hour to no purpose, one of the old hounds 
ran up to a dead sheep, (which appeared to have been 
recently killed) and could not be prevented smelling 
about it, and sometimes biting it. Every one was sur- 
prised at this, till the dog absolutely gave tongue, and 
the whole pack came up, and tore the sheep to pieces 
in a moment. But what was their astonishment, when 
Reynard himself appeared, covered with the blood and 
entrails of the sheep ! He was of course immediately 

It seems, that running through a flock of sheep, and 
finding himself very hard pushed, and unable to go 
much farther, he had killed one, ripped open its belly, 
and secreted himself within, as the only means of saving 
hijB life, 


The early life and habits of Mr. Rigby, were not 
calculated to enforce economy ; according to the lash- 


ionable, or the foolish manners of the age, mortgages 
and money-lenders had made deep inroads on his pa- 
ternal estate, which was originally respectable, before 
he had perfectly attained the age or art of properly 
enjoying it; end he might have lived to deplore his 
imprudence in abject dependance, had not the turf t 
which contributed to diminish, afforded him an oppor- 
tunity of redeeming his fortune. 

The grandfather of the present Duke of Bedford had 
given great offence to the gentlemen in the neighbour- 
hood of Litchfield, by an improper and unfair interfe- 
rence at their races; and as it was by no means safe 
or easy effectually to punish a man fortified by rank, 
privilege and wealth, they at last determined to bestow 
on this illustrious offender manual correction. The 
overbearing conduct of the duke, in some matter re- 
lating to the starting of the horses, and their weights, 
in which he had no kind of right to interpose, soon af- 
forded the confederates an opportunity of executing 
their purposes. He was in a moment separated from 
his attendants, surrounded by the party, hustled, and 
unmercifully horse-whipped by an exasperated coun- 
try attorney, with keen resentments and a muscular 
arm. The lawyer persevered in this severe discipline, 
without being interrupted by his grace's outcries and 
declarations " that he was the Duke of Bedford f an 
assertion which Mr. Humphries, the assailant, posi- 
tively denied, adding, " that a peer of the reaim would 
never have conducted himself in so scandalous a man- 
ner." The matter soon circulated over the course* 
and, reaching Mr. Rigby's ear, with a generous, per- 
haps a political gallantry, he burst through the croud, 
G 2 


rescued the di'stressed peer, completely threshed his an- 
tagonist, and protected the duke off the ground. 

From this time the foundation of the immense for- 
tunes of this gentleman may be dated. Grateful for 
the singular service they had received, the Russel fa- 
mily heaped their favours on him, and at length pro- 
cured him the most lucrative office in the gift of the 
crown, that of paymaster-general : the emoluments 
arising from which, during the American war, amount- 
ed annually to fifty thousand pounds. The amuse- 
ments of Mr. Rigby, in the country, principally con- 
sisted in fox-hunting; for which, in the county of Suf- 
folk, his abilities are well known. In short, wherever 
business or pleasure conducted him, his social habits 
and convivial talents gave a zest to the scene. 


The grand Chancellor Ostermann,* was so well 
served abroad, as to get intelligence of a scheme form- 
ed at the court of Versailles to send over an insinua- 
ting elegant gamester to attack the Duke of Biran on 
his weak side (a violent rage for play), and by that 
means to render him probably more tractable on some 
point they wanted to gain, when less overflowing with 
ready money than he generally was. 

To communicate this information, the chancellor 
called on the haughty duke, then all powerful, and sus- 
pected he was at home, though declared abroad by his 
porter. This real, or supposed affront, the chancellor 

* Who was chancellor during the reign of the Empress Anne, 


took a most humourous mode of revenging, which was 
wrapping himself up in flannels, as if attacked with a 
violeut fit of the gout, to which he was subject, and 
then writing a note to the Empress Anne, to inform her 
majesty he had something of moment to communicate, 
but was unfortunately unable to move from his couch 
with his ordinary complaint. 

This produced the very visit he expected ; and the 
duke was announced as coming to speak with him from 
the sovereign. Ostermann received his visitor extended 
on a sopha, wrapped up like a mummy in flannel, and 
pretended to be unable, from pain, to utter any thing 
but the usual involuntary exclamations of a msm in 
violent sufferings. When he had made the duke sit in 
eager curiosity to hear his secret, long enough to be re- 
venged on him for the supposed refusal at his door, he 
seemed to articulate, with great difficulty, that the 
French were sending over a gamester, — and then 
stopped again with excess of pain. The duke, on hear- 
ing the mountain thus delivered of a mouse, and being 
unable to draw any thing further from the gouty chan- 
cellor, went off in a pet, probably thinking it a joke on- 
his prevailing passion ior gaming, and informed the em- 
press that Count Ostermann had nothing to reveal, but 
was delirious with a severe fit of the gout. — Here the 
matter rested, and was forgot by the duke. 

Some months after the political gamester actually 
arrived, under the form of an elegant, easy, dissipated 
marquis, with a large credit on a house of the English 
factory ; he presently insinuated himself into tlie good 
graces of the duke, and had cleared him and his party 
of their superfluous cash ; when the chancellor, think- 
ing the lesson, sufficient, dispatched a courier to Mas- 
G 3 


cow, to bring down post a midshipman, absent on leave 
from the fleet, named Cruckoff, whom he was assured 
to be inferior to none in Europe, either in the necessary 
manipulation of the cards, or knowledge of the game 
Quinze, then the fashionable court play, and at which 
the marquis had won all the money; one preliminary 
measure was, however, necessary to the scheme of get- 
ting back the money of the duke and the other noble- 
men, which was, to get the midshipman made an offi- 
cer of the guards, to entitle him to play at, court ; this 
Ostermann did, by soliciting it for him under the title 
of a relation, a favour immediately conferred by Anne, 
left entirely ignorant of the plot. The new ensign be- 
gan to lose freely small sums, like a wealthy noxkt 
elated with the honor of playing at court, and at last 
drew the attention of the marquis, as a pigeon worth 
plucking. After some evenings, forcing him with high 
play, two-thirds of all his former gains were carried off 
by the pigeon ; who was then marked out as an object 
worthy of condign punishment by the nettled French- 
man, and a monstrous stake was proposed, which the 
marquis certainly made himself sure of gaining, by 
some master-piece of shuffling art, reserved for the 
eoup de grace : but probably it never entered into the 
marquis's head, or calculation, that a Muscovite pi- 
geon could swallow a card he had drawn too much, as 
he actually did, with some sweetmeats taken from an 
adjoining table, and left just fifteen in hand, the same 
number the Frenchman's art had procured to himself 
likewise, and on which he betted not only all his for- 
mer winnings, but to the amount of his credit with his 
banker, in perfect security of gaining; but he had for- 
got an essential circumstance in case of equality, that 


tnc Russian was first in hand, which determined the 
matter in his favour, and the laugh was turned on the 
unfortunate Frenchman, 

The chancellor, by this means, being in possession 
of the gains and credit of the amiable gamester, waited 
once more on the duke, to finish the conversation 
which the gout had prevented him concluding on his 
grace's first visit, and toid him that he was then anxi- 
ous to put him on his guard against a gamester whom 
the court of France was sending to fleece him, and had 
it not been for the impatience of his highness on that 
occasion, and the abrupt manner in which he left him, 
he might have saved his money, 

The duke, quite outrageous at the trick played him 
by the marquis, talked of having him arrested as a 
cheat ; but the chancellor, taking a bag from under 
his cloak, added coolly, that he had taken a more ef- 
fectual method to punish him in kind; returned the 
duke both bis own and his friend's money, only airily 
begging him, in future, not to be so impatient when gouty 
mm had secrets to diseoter. 

The rest of the spoil made the fortune of the success- 
ful officer, with an injunction never to lift a card again, 
if he wished to spend his days out of Siberia, where 
people would run less risk from his address. 

It has since become a sort of proverb among the 
Russian black legs, that such a one plays like a mids/iif* 
man, if fortune favours him a little too much* 

& 4 



In a village situated between Caen andVire, on the 
borders of a district called the Grove, there dwelt a 
peasant of a surly untoward temper, who frequently 
beat and abused his wife, insomuch that the neighbours 
were sometimes obliged, by her outcries, to interpose, 
in order to prevent farther mischief. Being at length 
weary of living with one whom he always hated, he re- 
solved to get rid of her. He pretended to be recon- 
ciled, altered his behaviour, and on holidays invited 
her to walk out with him in the fields for pleasure and 
recreation. One summer evening, after a very hot 
day, he carried her to cool and repose herself on the 
borders of a spring, in a place very shady and soli- ■ 
tary. He pretended to be very thirsty. The clear- 
ness of the water tempted them to drink. He laid 
himself down all along upon his belly, and swilled 
large draughts of it, highly commending the sweetness 
of the water, and urging her to refresh herself in like 
manner. She believed him, and followed his exam- 
ple. As soon as he saw her in that posture, he threw 
himself upon her, and plunged her head into the water, 
in order to drown her. She struggled hard for her 
life, but could not have prevailed, but for the assis- 
tance of a dog, who used to follow, and was fond of her r 
and never left her. He immediately flew at the hus- 
band, and seized him by the throat, made hini let go 
his hold, and saved the life of his mistress. 



The artifices practised by animals proceed from se- 
veral motives, many of which are purely instinctive, 
and others are acquired by experience and imitation. 
Their arts in general are called forth and exerted by 
three great and important causes; the love of life, the 
desire of multiplying and continuing the species, and 
that strong attachment which every animal has to its 
offspring. These are the sources from which all the 
movements, all the dexterity, and all the sagacity of 
animals originate; the principle of self-preservation is 
instinctive, and strongly impressed upon the minds of 
all animated beings; it gives rise to innumerable arts 
of attack and defence, and not unfrequently to sur- 
prising exertions of sagacity and genius. The same re- 
mark is applicable to the desire of multiplication, and 
to parental affection. 

Upon this subject we shall, as usual, give some ex- 
amples of animal artifice, which may both amuse and 
inform some readers. 

When a bear or other rapacious animal attacks cat- 
tle, they instantly join, and form a phalanx for mutual 
defence; in the same circumstances, horses rank up in 
lines, and beat off the enemy with their beels. Poniop- 
pidan tells us, that " the small Norwegian horses, when 
attacked by bears, instead of striking with their hind 
legs, rear, and by quick and regulated strokes with their 
fore feet, either kill the enemy, or oblige him to retire ; 
this curious and generally successful defence, is fre- 
quently performed in the woods, while a traveller is 
seated on the horse's back. It has often been re- 
marked, that troops of wild horses, when sleeping ei- 
ther in plains, or in the forest, have always one of their 
G 5 


number awake, who acts as centinel, and gives notice 
of any impending danger." 

Margraaf nforms us, that " the monkeys in Brazil 
while they are sleeping on the trees, have uniformly a 
-centinel, to warn them of the approach of the tyger, or 
other rapacious animals, and that if ever this centinel 
is found sleeping, his companions instantly tear him in 
pieces for his neglect of duty. For the same pur- 
pose, when a troop of monkies are committing depre- 
dations on the fruits of a garden, a centinel is placed 
on an eminence, who, when any person appears, makes 
a certain chattering noise, which the rest understand 
to be a s : gnal for retreat, and immediately fly off, and 
make their escape/' 

The deer kind are remarkable for the arts they em- 
ploy in order to deceive the dogs ; with this view, the 
stag often returns twiceor thrice upon his former steps : 
he endeavours to raise hinds or younger stags to follovy 
him, and to draw off the dogs from the immediate ob- 
ject of their pursuit. If he succeeds in this attempt, 
he then flies off with double speed, or springs off at a 
side, and lies down on his belly to conceal himself. 
When in this situation, if by any means his foot is re- 
covered by the dogs, they pursue him with more ad- 
vantage, because he is now considerably fatigued ; 
their ardour increases in proportion to his feebleness, 
and the scent becomes stronger as he grows warm. 
From these circumstances the dogs augment their cries 
and their speed, and though the stag employs more 
arts of escape than formerly, as his swiftness diminish- 
es, his doublings and artifices become gradually less ef- 
fectual : no other resource is now left him but to fly 
from the earth which he treads, and go into the water. 


to cut off the scent from the dogs, when the huntsmen 
again endeavour to put them on the track of his foot. 
After taking to the water, the stag is so much exhaust- 
ed, as to be incapable of running much further, and is 
soon at bay, or in other words, turns and defends him- 
self against the hounds : in this situation he often 
wounds the dogs, and even the huntsmen, by blows 
with his horns, till one of them cuts his hams to make 
make him fall, and then puts a period to his life. 

The fallow deer is more delicate, less savage, and ap- 
proaches nearer to the domestic state than the stag. 
The male, during the rutting season, makes a bellow- 
ing noise, but with a low and interrupted voice ; they 
are not so furious as the stag; they never depart from 
their own country in quest of females, but they brave- 
ly right for the possession of their mistresses ; they 
associate in herds, which generally keep together. 
When great numbers are assembled in one park, they 
commonly form themselves into two distinct troops, 
which soon become hostile, because they are both am- 
bitious of possessing the same part of the inclosure; 
each of these troops has its own chief or leader, who 
always marches foremost, and he is uniformly the old- 
est and the strongest of the flock ; the others follow 
him, and the whole draw up in order of battle to force 
the other troop, who observe the same conduct from 
the best pasture. The regularity with which those 
combats are conducted is singular ; they make regular 
■attacks, fight with courage, and never think themselves 
vanquished by one check, for the battle is daily renew- 
ed till the weaker are completely defeated, and obliged 
to remain in the worst pasture. They love elevated 
and hilly countries. When hunted, they run not strait 
g 6 


out like (he stag, but double and endeavour to conceal 
themselves from the dogs by various artifices, and by 
substituting other animals in their place. When fa- 
tigued and heated, however, they take the water, but 
never attempt to cross such large rivers as the stag ; 
thus between the chace of the fallow deer and of the 
stag there is no material difference ; their sagacity and 
instincts, their shifts and doublings, are the same, on- 
ly they are more frequently practised by the fallow 
deer, as he runs not so far before the dogs, and is less 
enterprising; he has oftener occasion to change, to 
substitute another in his place, to double, return upon • 
his former tracks, &c. which renders the hunting of 
the fallow deer more subject to inconveniences than 
that of the stag. 

The roe deer is inferior to the stag and fallow deer, 
both in strength and stature, but he is endowed with 
more strength and gracefulness, courage, and vivacity ; 
his eyes are more brilliant and animated, his limbs are 
more nimble, his movements are quicker, and he 
bounds with equal vigour and agility : he is likewise 
more crafty, conceals himself with greater address, and 
derives superior advantages from his instincts, though 
he leaves behind him a stronger scent than the stag, 
which increases the ardor of the dogs. He knows how 
to evade their pursuit by the rapidity with which he 
commences his flight, and b\. his numerous doublings, 
lie delays not his art of defence till his strength begins 
to fail him ; for he no sooner perceives that the first 
efforts of a rapid flight have been unsuccessful, than he 
repeatedly returns upon his former steps, and after 
confounding by those opposite motions the direction he 
has taken, after mixing the present with the past ema- 


nations of the body, he by a great bound rises from the 
earth, and retiring to a side, lies down flat on his bel- 
ly ; in this immoveable situation, he often allows the 
whole pack of his deceived enemies to pass very near 


One Thomas White, a butcher, in the city of Edin- 
burgh, had lately a very extraordinary escape : — 
having gone in along with one of his companions, to 
drive some bullocks out of Provost Stewart's park, the 
bullocks, after being driven up to the gate, turned 
while one of the lads was employed in opening the 
gate. White, when the animals turned, chased them to 
the foot of the park, where there was a bull well known 
to be very ferocious, and which immediately pursued 
him. He ran till he was sensible that he was losing 
breath, and that the animal was gaining upon him : he 
threw himself flat upon his back, when the creature 
coming up, transfixed him with one stroke of its horn, 
which passed through the belly, close to the borders of 
the chest, the tip of the horn coming out through the 
lower part of the chest, so that both chest and belly 
were opened, and the horn had such a hold upon the 
lower ribs, as to turn him over before it slipt its hold. — 
He was saved from a second stroke, which would have 
surely been fatal, by his dog running at the bull, and 
catching it by the heel, when the bull ran round the 
park, roaring very furiously, the dog, which was of the 
small shepherd kind, still keeping its hold. White's 
companion coming down at this time, carried him away 
upon his shoulders, and laid him in a safe place behind 


the railing of the park : and the bull, after having 
shook off the dog, returned to the place where he had 
left the man, after having gored him, snuffing at the 
blood, and tearing up the grouud with his hoofs. 
White was carried on men's shoulders to the house of 
a surgeon, who put back a part of the bowels which 
protruded at one of the wounds, and cut off, as is re- 
ported, a part of the omentum. — He was conveyed to 
the hospital, where, after keeping his bed eight or tea 
days, he made a perfect recovery ! 


Thomas Roberts was born of indigent, parents, at 
Xirmond, in Lincolnshire, where he died on the l6th 
of May, 1798, aged eighty-five. This extraordinary 
person was, if we may so term it, a lusus natures ; he 
was perfect to his elbows and knees, but without 
either arms or legs ; above one of his elbows was a short 
bony substance, like the joint of a thumb, which had 
some muscular motion, and was of considerable use to 
him. Nature compensated for his want of limbs, by 
giving him a strong understanding, and bodily health 
and spirits. When Sir George Barlow, the last baro- 
net of that ancient family, rented of Edmund Turnor, 
Esq. the manor and lordship of Kirmond, he kept a 
pack of hare-hounds. Tom was for many years em- 
ployed as his huntsman, and used to ride down the 
hills, which are remarkably steep, with singular 
courage and dexterity. His turn for horses was so 
great, that, on leaving the service of Sir George Bar- 


Icav, he became a farrier of considerable reputation, 
and indulging in his propensity to liquor, seldom came 
home sober from the neighbouring markets : he, how- 
ever, required no other assistance from the parish (till 
he became infirm) than an habitation, and the keeping 
of a horse and cow. What is, perhaps, more remarka- 
ble, he married three wives ! By the first, who was an 
elderly woman, he had no children; but by the second 
he left two sons, now in good situations as farmers' 
servants, who attended the funeral of their father, and 
buried him in a decent manner. 


The gentlemen of the green cloth were put out of 
queuey by a hero of a hazard-table imported from the 
continent, a few years ago, by one of the squad, who, 
while he pretended to be playing the losing game, was 
shrewdly suspected of going snacks in all that rolls into 
the pocket. • 

The Dutch Baron was introduced by his friend who 
happened to have known him at Hamburgh. He 
played in a crowd of billiard amateurs and professors, 
many of whom were rich, and lost about one hundred 
and fifty guineas with the utmost sang-froid. Upon 
his retiring, his friend told the company he was a fine 
pigeon, a Dutch Baron, who had emigrated from Hol- 
land with immense property, and who would as readily 
lose ten thousand pounds as ten guineas. Some ask- 
ed, " U it the Gala Mope?" "No, (replied others) 
he is in hands that will not let him slip a-while." " Is 
k the Princess Amelia's house Hope?" asked another. 


" Who is he ? Who is he ?" was eagerly enquired — " A 
Dutch Baron, as rich as a Jew," was answered in a 

No Batavian laid out an hundred and fifty guineas 
so well as the Dutch Baron. The whole corps of 
.riflemen flocked around him, like a swarm of fish at a 
piece of bread. But little P. well known at Bath, who 
thought he best knew how to make his market, like a 
man of business, applied to the baron's friend to have 
the first plucking. The friend, as a great favour, en- 
gaged to use his influence; little P. was at the billiard- 
table the first man in the morning, that he might se- 
cure the play in his own hands ; the baron came — to 
it they went; little P. kept back his play; the Dutch 
Baron played but poorly — fair strokes he often missed; 
but whenever he was at an important point, he won, 
as if by accident. On they went — Hambletonian and 
Diamond. Little P. was afraid of frightening the ba- 
ron, by disclosing the extent of his play ; the baron 
played so as to persuade every one he knew little of the 
game. The contest was, who should play worst at in- 
different periods, and who, without seeming to play 
well, should play best at important points — the Baron 
won on all great occasions, till little P. had lost about 
300/. But the baron managed so well, that no one 
thought he could play at all ; and although little P. 
was sickened, yet the bait of 150 guineas found plenty 
of customers. Some of them the greatest adepts in 
the kingdom, gave the baron at starting three points in 
the game ; but the baron's accidental good play was so 
superior, whenever a great stake was down, he at last 
gave three points to those who had given him three 
points,, and still beat them— by accident. And before 


the billiard knowing ones at Bath would stop, the ba- 
ron had won nearly ten thousand pounds, with which 
he made a bow, and came to London. 

But this Dutch Nobleman's fame travelled almost as 
fast as himself, and he was found out ; not, however, 
till he had sweated some of the most knowing gentle- 
men of the queue. 

He concealed his play so well, that no one could 
form an idea of its extent. To the best billiard-play- 
ers he gave points, and always won on important occa- 
sions. He seemed to be a very conjuror, command- 
ing the balls to roll as he pleased ; and there was no- 
thing to be named, that it is not supposed he could 

But the most entertaining part of his story is the 
stile of reprobation iu which the professors of the queue 
spoke of his concealment of his play. They execrated 
him as guilty of nothing short of cheating ; they, whose 
daily practice it was to conceal their play, and angle 
on the gudgeons with whom they engaged — they bit- 
terly reviled the Dutch Baron for retorting their own 
artifice, and entrapping them in their own way. 

And who was the Dutch Baron ? asks every one 
who hears of his achievements. In Hamburgh, he 
was the marker at a billiard table! 


Mr. Smellie relates a curious anecdote of a dog, 
who at this time belongs to a grocer in Edinburgh ; it 
has for some time and amused astonished the people in 
that neighbourhood. A man who goes through the 
streets ringing a bell and selling penny pies, happened 


one day to treat this dog with a pye. The next time 
he heard the pyeman's bell, he ran to him with impe- 
tuosity, seized him by the coat, and would not suffer 
him to pass. The pyeman, who understood what the 
animal wanted, shewed him a penny, and pointed to 
his master, who stood at the street-door, and saw what 
was going on. The dog immediately supplicated his 
master by many humble gestures and looks. The mas- 
ter put a penny into the dog's mouth, which he in- 
stantly delivered to the pyeman, and received his pye. 
This traffic between the pyeman and the grocer's dog 
has been daily practised for months past, and still con- 
lini es. 


Tins animal, which is not uncommon in any of the 
climates about the Arctic Circle, is used in Kstutscbttt- 
ka for drawing sledges over the frozen snow. These 
sledges generally carry only a single person, who sits 
sideways. The number of dogs usually employed is 
five; four of them yoked two and two, and the other 
acting as leader. The reins are fastened, not fo the 
head, but to the collar ; and the driver has, therefore, 
to depend principally on their obedience to his voice. 
Great care and attention are consequently necessary 
in training the leader, which, if he is steady and docile, 
becomes very valuable, the sum of forty roubles (or 
ten pounds) being no uncommon price for one of 

The cry of tagtag, tagtag, turns him to the right, 
and kovgha, kougha, to the left: the intelligent animal 
immediately understands the words, and gives to the 


rest the example of obedience : ah y ha, stops them, 
and ha, makes them set off. 

The charioteer carries in his hand a crooked-stick, 
which answers the purpose both of whip and reins, 
iron-rings are suspended atone end of this stick, both 
by way of ornament, and to encourage the dogs by their 
noise, for they are frequently jingled for that purpose. 
It the dogs are well trained, it is not necessary for the 
rider to exercise his voice; if he strikes the ice with 
his stick, they will go to the left ; if he strikes the legs 
of the sledge, they will go to the right ; and when he 
wishes them to stop, he has only to place the stick be- 
tween the snow and the front of ihe sledge. When they 
are inattentive to their duty, the charioteer often chas- 
tises them, by throwing it at them. The dexterity of 
the riders, in picking this stick up again is very remark- 
able, and is the most difficult manoeuvre in this exer- 
cise : nor is it, indeed, surprising that they should be 
skilful in a practice in which they are so materially 
interested ; for, the moment the dogs find that the 
driver has lost his stick, unless the leader is both 
steady and resolute, they set off at full speed, and 
never stop till either their strength is exhausted, or 
till the carriage is overturned and dashed to pieces, 
or hurried down a precipice, when all are buried in 
the snow. 

The manner in which they are generally treated 
seems but ill calculated for securing their attachment. 
During the winter they are fed sparingly with putrid 
fish, and in summer are turned loose, to shift for them- 
selves, till the return of the severe, season renders it 
necessary to the master's interest that they should be 
taken again into custody, and brought once more to 


their state of toil and slavery. When yoking to the 
sledge, they utter the most dismal howlings; but, 
when every thing is prepared, a kind of cheerful yelp- 
ing succeeds, which ceases the instant they begin their 

These animals have been known to perform, in three 
days and a half, a journey of near two hundred and 
seventy miles. And scarcely are horses more useful to 
Europeans, than these dogs are to the inhabitants of 
the frozen aud cheerless regions of the north. When, 
during the most severe storm, their master cannot see 
the path, nor even keep his eyes open ; chey very sel- 
dom miss their way : and whenever they do this, they 
go from one side to the other till, by their smell, they 
regain it; and when in the midst of a long journey, as 
it often happens, it is found absolutely impossible to 
travel any farther, the dogs, lying round their master, 
will keep him warm, and defend him from all danger. 
They also foretel an approaching storm, by stopping 
and scraping the snow with their feet: in which case it 
is always advisable, without delay, to look out for some 
village, or other place of safety. 


This description of dog is peculiar to England, 
where they are principally of use as watch-dogs; a 
duty which they discharge not only with great fidelity, 
but frequently with considerable judgment. Some of 
them will suffer a stranger to come into the yard they 
are appointed to guard, and will go peaceably along 
with him through every part of it, so long as they con- 
tinue to touch nothing; but the moment he' attempts 


to touch any of the goods, or endeavours to leave the 
place, the animal informs him by gentle growling, or, 
if that is ineffectual, by harsher means, that he must 
neither do mischief nor go away, and seldom uses vio- 
lence unless resisted ; even in this case he will some- 
times seize the person, throw him down, and hold him 
there for hours, or until relieved, without biting him. 

A most extraordinary instance of memory in a mas- 
tiff is related by M. D'Obsonville. This dog, which 
he had brought up in India, from two months old, ac- 
companied himself and a friend from Pondicherry to 
Benglour, a distance of more than three hundred 
leegues. " Our journey (he says) occupied near 
three weeks, and we had to traverse plains and moun- 
tains, and to ford rivers, and go along several bye- 
paths, and the animal, which had certainly never been 
in that country before, lost us at Benglour, and imme- 
diately returned to Pondicherry. lie went directly to 
the house of M. Beylier, then commandant of artil- 
lery, my friend, and with whom I had generally lived. 
Now the difficulty, is, not so much to know how the 
dog subsisted on the road, for he was very strong, and 
able to procure himself food ; but how he should so 
well have found his way, after an interval of more than 
a month. This was an effort of memory greatly su- 
perior to that which the human race is capable of ex- 

The mastiff' is extremely bold and courageous. Stow 
relates an instance of a contest between three of them 
and a lion, in the presence of King James the First. 
One of the dogs being put into the den, was soon disa- 
bled by the lion, which took him by the head and 
neck, and dragged him about : another dog was then 


let loose, and served in the same manner : but the third 
being put in, immediately seized the lion by the lip, 
and held him for a considerable time: till, being se- 
verely torn by his claws, the dog was obliged to quit 
Lis hold ; and the lion, greatly exhausted in the con- 
flict, refused to renew the engagement, but, taking a 
sudden leap over the dogs, fled into the interior part of 
his den. Two of the dogs soon died of their wounds: 
the last survived, and was taken great care of by the 
king's son ; who said—" He that had fought with the 
king of beasts should never after fight with any inferi- 
or creature." 

This animal, conscious of his superior strength, has 
been known to chastise, with great propriety, the im- 
pertinence of an inferior: — a large dog of this kind, 
belonging to the late M. Ridley, Esq. of Heaton, near 
Newcastle, being frequently molested by a mongrel 
and teazed by its continual barking, at last took it up 
in his mouth by his back and with great composure 
dropped it over the quay into the river, without doing 
any farther injury to an enemy so much beneath his no- 


John Broughton served an apprenticeship to a 
waterman, and when out of his time plied at Hunger- 
ford-stairs, in which situation his strength and agility 
was long unknown. 

Having a difference one day with a brother of the 
oar, it was resolved that the point should be decided 
by a fight, when it was soon found that in powers of 
body, and agility of arms, he had not only an eminent 


superiority over his antagonist, but that he evinced 2. 
genius in the art, offensive and defensive, far superior 
to any other of his fraternity. 

Elated by the praises he received on this occasion, 
and convinced, by the battered appearance of the ene- 
my, of his own strength and judgment, he sold his boat, 
and commenced professed boxer, in which occupation 
he was for several years patronized by many of the first 
characters in the country, and particularly by William 
Duke of Cumberland, and the late Marquis of Gran- 
by, who was himself an amateur in the art of boxin*. 

Supported by this patronage, he instituted a pugilis- 
tic academy in Tottenham-court-road, where his pu- 
pils, who felt a thirst after fame, had opportunities of 
bruising each others bodies, and knocking out each 
others teeth and eyes, in the presence of spectators, with 
whom were mixed many of the first characters in the 

In this illustrious situation, the mighty hero of the 
theatre often astonished his scholars, the gentry, nobi- 
lity, and the public, by a display of his pre-eminence; 
and was always triumphant till his unfortunate trial of 
skill with the notorious Slack: in which, to adopt the 
language of his seminary, he gave in, but not till both 
his day-lights were sewed up, by a blow exactly over his 

After this lamentable failure, which, however, con- 
tributed more to the temporary mortification, than 
red disgrace of Broughton, he retired from the public 
stage into private life, subsisting very comfortably up- 
on the earnings of his hands, and his situation as one of 
the yeomen of the guard. 

He attended the duke of Cumberland in one of his 


military expeditions to the continent, where, on being 
shewn a foreign regiment of terrific appearance, the 
duke asked him if he thought he could beat any of the 
men who composed it. Upon which Broughion an- 
swered — " Yes, please your royal highness, the whole 
.corps, with a breakfast between every battle." 

He died on the 8th of January, 1789, at his house 
at Walcot Place, Lambeth, in the 85th year of his 

It is universally acknowledged, by amateurs in the 
art, that Broughton carried both the theory and prac- 
tice of it to the highest point of perfection ; and that 
even Slack, his conqueror, was by no means equal to 
him in abilities. 


This celebrated horseman is well remembered by 
many persons now alive in this country. Johnson 
being at Derby in one of his excursions, married the 
daughter of Alderman Howe, who then kept one of the 
principal inns; and succeeded him in his business. 
He conducted himself so as to be well esteemed by the 
gentlemen of the county ; and his black horse, which 
he still kept, was one of the favourites of the Vernon 
Hunt, then probably the first in England. A feat per- 
formed by him and his horse may, perhaps, be worth 

The hunt were taking leave of Lord Vernon, one 
day, by the side of the Ha! Ha! when his lordship 
told Johnson, it was extraordinary that he never had 
been tempted, in the course of any day, to do more, as 
a horseman, than all the members of the hunt could 


d 0# — " Well, my lord, (said he) what would you wish 
me to do ?"— 1 am not to choose/' (said his lordship) 
but surely you can do something more than others."— 
" I will go over that Ha ! Ha ! my lord.—" So can 
others, myself for one."—" But I, my lord, (said he) 
will go over it in a way in which your lordship can- 

He rode his black horse up to the brink, and, as he 
stopped, laid his hands upon the pommel of the saddle, 
and sprung from that posture clear over the Ha ! 
Ha! — The hunt applauded, but the performance was 
not over. He was something shook by the fall, and 
did not immediately rise; the horse looked at him at- 
tentively all the while, and, when he had got out of the 
way, followed him over, ran up to him, and stood by his 
side till he mounted. 


In Sandpit Wood, in the parish of Terlingin Essex, 
a pack of fox-hounds, very early in the season of 
1782, had just unkennelled, and the hares, as well as 
foxes, of which there were plenty in the cover, were 
many of them disturbed. In one of the paths a hare 
met and ran against a terrier who was hastening to the 
cry, with such velocity, that both animals were ap- 
parently killed ; the dog with some difficulty was re- 
covered but the hare's skull was fractured to pieces. 


The late R.ev. Mr. L , of Rutlandshire, was so 

attached to the sport of fox-hunting, that he seldom 



performed divine service on the week days without his 
boots, though the church was not twenty yards from his 
residence. Should the musical echo of the huntsman's 
halloo reach his ear before the service was concluded 
(which had frequently happened) instantly the surplice 
was thrown off, the book shut, and, sans cere?nonie i his 
pious congregation were left to the clerk, who very 
cordially used to tell them to depart, that he might 
shut the door, and go about his business. 


Mr. C-r-t-r, a gentleman not many years ago of a 
respectable patrimonial estate, in the neighbourhood 
of Witney, in Oxfordshire, was, in the complete accept- 
ation of the term, a fox-hunter. He could boast a 
kennel of the finest hounds in that part of the country, 
and was in possession of a stud of mettled coursers, to 
whom, as to their master, neither hedge nor ditch, nor 
five barred gate, nor river, nor precipice, had appear- 
ance formidable enough to interrupt the sport, or 
damp the ardour of the pursuit. In his dress, his 
manners, and his conversation, the huntsman and the 
whipper-in were the evident models of his imitation. 
Over the hilarity of the briskly flowing bowl, in the 
intercourses of friendship, and even in the endear- 
ments of domestic life, the language of the chace was 
never forgotten ; in short, throughout the surrounding 
country, fox-hunting C-r-t-r was the epithet by which 
he was universally known, and with indisputable pro- 
priety distinguished. Even his nearest relatives were 
esteemed only in proportion to their attachment to the 
chace. Those who wished for his affections had no 


hopes of success, but by leaping into them over a five- 
barred gate, and to be sent to hell with a tantivy was 
the inevitable consequence of standing in awe of 
broken limbs, or a dislocated neck. 

It happened one day, while this heroic votary of 
Diana was endeavouring to leap a gate of unusual 
height, that the leg of his favourite hunter caught be- 
tween the upper bars, threw him on the other side, and 
tumbling with all his weight upon him, crushed and 
fractured one of his legs in so dreadful a mannei, as 
rendered vain all the healing efforts ofchirurgical skill, 
and left to the unhappy sufferer only the dreadful al- 
ternative of amputation or death. 

Mr. C-r-t-r was not long deliberating on his choice. 
Recollecting that he never should be able to keep the 
saddle at a fox-chase with a wooden leg, he swore that 
he came into the world with two legs, and with two 
he would go out of it. In this resolution he obsti- 
nately persevered ; and after languishing some time (if 
to a man of his resolution and violent temper the 
term languishing can ever be applied), his fancy still 
running on the darling pleasures of the chace, he went 
out of the world as he would have ended a fox-hunt, 
with the exulting shout of the death halloo; having 
previously bequeathed his estate to his favourite ne- 
phew, for no other reason than because he had used, 
while a boy, to follow him through the dangers and 
delights of the chase ; excluding entirely all his other 
numerous relations who were more careful of their 
limbs; leaving to his wife only an annuity of two hun- 
dred pounds, because she could not leap over a rive- 
barred gate. 

H 2 



The late Duke of Richmond had some hunters in 
Sussex. A monkey who was kept in the same stable, 
was remarkably fond of riding the horses, skipping from 
one to the other, and teazing the poor animals inces- 
santly. The groom made a complaint to the Duke, 
who immediately formed a plan to remedy the evil. 
" If he is fond of riding (replied his Grace), we'll en- 
deavour to give him enough of it :" and accordingly 
provided a complete jockey dress for the monkey. The 
next time the hounds were out, Jackoo in his uniform 
was strapped to one of his best hunters. The view hal- 
loo being given, away they went through thick and 
thin; the horse carrying so light a weight, presently 
left al) the company behind. Some of the party, pass- 
ing by a farm-house, enquired of a countryman whe- 
ther he had seen the fox. " Ay zure (said the man), 
he is gone over yon fallow." " And was there any one 
up with him ?" Ay zure (said John), there be a lit- 
tle man, in a yellow jacket, just gone by, riding as tho' 
the devil be in un. I hope from my heart the young 
gentleman mayn't meet with a fall, for he rides most 
monstrous hard." His experiment had the desired ef- 
fect. Jackoo was sufficiently chafed by his exercise 
to make him dislike the sight of a stable ever after- 
wards. _ 



Some gentlemen being out shooting, one of the 
company who was but an indifferent shot, after making 
several unsuccessful attempts to kill game by firing at 
random, lodged two pellets in the cheek of a gentle- 
man of the party ; but when the marksman came up lo 
apologize, and to express his sorrow : " My dear sir 
(said the other), I give you joy in your improvement, 
I knew you would hit something by and bye/' ~ 


A Gentleman, somewhat too distinguished for 
scolding his huntsman in the field, was so incensed 
once, at a reply the fellow made, that he turned him off 
instantly on the spot. The huntsman, after delivering 
up bis horse, got into a rabbit cart, and away he 
went. The next morning, when the gentleman was 
going out, and had got to the end of the town with his 
hounds, the voice of his huntsman saluted his ear, 
who began hallooing to the dogs till not one of them 
would leave the tree where the man had perched him- 
self. What was to be done ? The gentleman wished 
to hunt, but there was no hunting without- dogs, and 
there was no stopping the man's mouth; so that he 
was at length compelled to make the best of a bad 
bargain, and take the fellow down from the tree into 
his service again. 


A Gentleman of considerable fortune in the neighr 
bourhood of Whitby, and who was tenacious of the 
h 3. 


game upon his manor, once found an unqualified per- 
son shooting, and not only seized his gun, but carried 
him before a magistrate, who of course levied the for- 
feiture, which was paid. He then assured the justice, 
he did not complain of the exaction of the penalty, 
because he knew it was conformable to the law; but 
as the abuse lavished upon him by his prosecutor had 
been accompanied with a multiplicity of horrid oaths, 
he considered it as his bounden duty to become his 
accuser in turn. Having therefore given evidence 
against him, in form, for swearing forty oaths, the ma- 
gistrate was, in consequence of the deposition, una- 
voidably obliged to fine the gentleman ten pounds, 
half of which went to the poor of the parish, and the 
other half to the informer. 


Nothing could equal the degraded situation to 
which human nature was reduced under the ancien 
regime of France. The following instance of courtly 
and parasitical servility will exemplify the fact. The 
minister Machiavel, lost a little female greyhound, a 
great favorite. Bouret, who possessed the spirit of in- 
trigue in the supremest degree, and sighed as much as 
Mr. Beaufoy to be noticed by the Minister, considered 
this a most favourable opportunity to ingratiate him- 
self with Machiavel. For this purpose, after much 
labour, he procured a greyhound critically like the one 
lost. This he brought home, and next dressed up a 
puppet with a black robe, such as that worn by the 
Comptroller-General : he never suffered this grey- 
hound to eat until it first creeped and fawned on the 


wooden Comptroller. When sufficiently trained, he 
led it to the house of Machiavel, and the moment the 
greyhound saw the Comptroller, she ran to him, leaped 
upon his neck, and licked his face, which made the 
minister imagine that it was the dog which he had 
lost. It is unnecessary to add, that a man capable of 
paying such unremitting attention to a dog, was well 
adapted to ingratiate himself, by every species of ca- 
nine servility, into the good graces of a Minister. 


Here lieth ready to start, in full hopes to save his distance, 

Timothy Tukf, 

formerly stud-groom to Sir Marmaduke Match'em. 


late keeper of the Racing-Stables on 

Cerny Downs, 


was&eaf out of the world, on the first of April last, 

by that invincible Rockingham*, 


N. B. He lived and died an honest man. 

Here lies a groom, who longer life deserv'd, 

Whose course was strait, from which he never swerv'd ; 

Yet ere was quite complete his fiftieth round,* 

Grim Death, at Jack Cade,± brought him to the ground. 

This tyrant oft, to cross and jostlt tried, 

But ne'er, till now, could gain the whip-hand side. 

In youth he saw the high-bred cattle train'd, 

By gentle means and easiest trammels rein'd ; 

* A famous horse. 

t The Round, or King's Plate Course, at Newmarket, 
t A steep ascent ia that course, fatal to bad bottomed horses, 
H 4 


He taught them soon the ending-stand to gain, 
Swift as Camilla's o'er the velvet plain. 
Oft from the crack ones bear the prize away, 
And triumph boldly in the blaze of day : 
But of late years he used the fertile plough. 
To grace with yellow corn the naked brow, 
And her green turf, which they were wont to tread, 
Affords the trembling oats, with which they're fed. 
Oh ! may this sod, with thorny texture hound, 
Protect from horses hoofs the sacred ground ; 
.And may his colts and fillies* truly run 
Their beaten course+> and see a later sun ! 


Justice. What have you to alledge against the pri- 
soner ? 

Accuser. Please your worship's grace, I be come to 
prosecute him on the dog act. 

Prisoner. 'Tis a false charge — I never stole a dog 
in all my born days — and if any one should dare to 
say I did, I would tell him he is a gallows liar to his 

Accuser. I say you are one of the most notedest dog- 
stealers in England, and I can prove as how you stole 
my bitch. 

Prisoner. As to my stealing a few bitches now and 
then, I don't pretend to deny. It is better to pick up a 
little money in an honest employment, like that, than 

* His infant sons and daughters. 
f A straight course of four miles. 


to lounge about like an idle vagabond. There is no 
barm at all in stealing bitches. 

Justice. I believe fellow I shall convince you to the 

Prisoner. You must not pretend to teach me law 
better than I knows it. I was bred to the crown law, 
and served a regular clerkship to it among my bre« 
thren in the neighbourhood of Chick-lane. I think 
J could have made a figure if I had been called to the 

Justice. Then you will shortly have an opportunity 
of shining in your proper sphere. 

Prisoner. I should have been hanged many sessions 
ago, if so be as how I had not been clever in turning 
and twining the Acts of Parliament. I have not stu- 
died law for nothing. Lord bless your dear worship's 
eyes, I have made the most karnedest judges going 
knock under me. When I came to explain and identi~ 
Jicate what law was, they hung down their ears, looked 
foolish, and had not a word to say for themselves. 

Justice. Have you not stole the man's bitch ? - 

Prisoner. I have. 

Justice. Then I shall convict you in the penalty of 
forty pounds. 

Prisoner, I have read the Act of Parliament, and 
defy you, or any other dealer in the peace, to hurt a 
hair of my head. You must not pretend to teach those 
that can teach you. I knows a thing or two, and if you 
don't mind what you are about, you may perhaps 
catch cold. 

Justice. If you threaten me, I shall commit you. v 

Prisoner. You had better commit fornication. 

Justice. Is not a bitch a dog ? 
h 5 


Prisoner. Is not your wife a justice of the peace? 
Your worship won't pretend now to say that a cow is a 

Justice. I must insist upon it, that according to the 
true spirit of the statute, a dog and a bitch are exactly 
the same thing. 

Prisoner. I dare you to commit me on the statute 
of 10 G. 3.; the word bitch is not so much as men- 
tioned in it. I had the opinion of my brethren upon 
this gig, and bl-st me if 1 dont steal as many bitches 
as I come near, in spite of all the old women in the com- 

Justice. If you call me an old woman again, I'll 
trounce you. 

Prisoner. Read that, and be convinced. 

Justice (after having read the Act). Discharge this 
fellow. I shall not venture to commit him. 

Prisoner. Lord help the poor law-makers ; they al- 
ways leave a hole for a man of geninsity to creep out 
of! If they have a mind to make their acts binding, 
they must consult one of us knowing ones, who are up 
to a thing or two, which is more than you are. — (Exeunt 


The late Lord D. being on a hunting party in the 
neighbourhood of Wentbridge, in Yorkshire, was in- 
vited by a Mr. S. of that village, to alight (as well as 
the rest of a numerous field ot sportsmen) from their 
horses, and take some refreshment. The invitation 
was of course accepted. Their repast being finished, 
Lord D. commended some brown bread highly, de« 


daring it to be the best he had ever eaten, and with 
Mr. S's permission he would take some home to his 
lady. No, my Lord, replied Mr. S. I beg your par- 
don for that ; eat as much as you will, but by G-d 
you shan't pocket any. 


An expert sportsman once sallied forth to commit 
dreadful havoc among the harmless tenants of the 
field. Being properly accoutred with a double-bar- 
rell'd gun, he had the good luck speedily to discover 
one, which he shot at, and instantly another presented 
itself to his view, at which he discharged the other bar- 
rel; highly elated with his skill, as they both appeared 
fixed to the spot, he. ran with the eagerness of a city 
fowler to secure his prize ; when lo ! he found them 
both dead and cold, having previously been snared, in 
which state they hung suspended ! 


Mr. Morgan, who lives adjoining Lord Thurlow's, 
at Norwood, and is Lord of the Manor, keeps a num- 
ber of dogs, one of which is in the habit of sporting 
alone, and bringing home hares, or whatever he catches, 
to his master's house. 

A few weeks ago, the dog caught a hare on Syden- 
ham Common, and, as usual, was taking it home to 
his master. A publican, who was on horseback at the 
time, pursued the dog, and took the hare from him, in 
the presence of Mr. Morgan's sportsman, who demand- 
ed the hare j but the publican took it home, and said 
h 6 


he had as much right to the animal, as either the 
sportsman or the owner of the dog. 

The publican being discovered, he was obliged to 
appear at the Quarter Sessions, where he was fined 
five pounds for having the hare in his possession, and 
not having taken out a certificate, authorising him to 
kill game. He appeared, in preference to making an 
apology, which Mr. M. demanded. 

The fine he refused to pay, on the ground that he 
had not a hare in his possession, as the dog had, pre- 
viously to his taking it from him, either ate or sepa- 
rated the head from the body. This circumstance 
puzzled their worships, the justices; but Mr. Morgan 
politely relieved them from their embarrassment, by 
agreeing to bring the matter before the Court of King's 


A clergyman, in thecity, was possessed of a dog 
which had a strange custom of going every morning 
duiing the summer season to the New River, and 
plunging into the water, after which immersion, he 
very orderly trotted home again. This peculiarly at- 
tracted the attention of another clergyman, who, in his 
morning's walks, had frequently observed the fact with 
no small entertainment. Nor did he escape ihe no- 
tice of the clog ; for honest Rover, finding he had 
crept into some little favour with the parson, resolved 
as will appear, to cultivate a farther acquaintance, to 
which end he exerted that talent at adulation, which 
geuerally lies in a dog's tail. 


Upon one of these occasions, instead of making the 
best of his way home, he made bold to arrest our sable 
friend, by griping the skirt of his coat, rather sportive- 
ly, than with any vicious or sanguinary intention. 
But yet he seemed unwilling to let go his hold. The 
singularity of the circumstance, as may be imagined, 
awakened the curiosity of his prisoner, who wisely 
thinking it would be to no purpose to remonstrate, put 
himself under the conduct of his canine companion, 
and walked on, musing on the adventure and wonder- 
ing, at the same time, what would be the event. 

Through many bye-ways and windings did they tra- 
vel, 'till at length Rover released his captive, and 
made a set, which was saying, as plain as a dog could 
say, that their journey was at an end. So in fact it 
was; and now the last act of civility remained to be 
performed on the part of the dog, which he acquitted 
himself of (to his credit be it spoken) very handsome- 
ly, never losing sight of his charge until he had intro- 
duced him to his master; the denouement was not in- 
consistent with the whole tenor of the dog's deport- 
ment, the clergymen having thus contracted an inti- 
macy and ever afterwards lived in habits of friend- 


His Royal Highness was many years resident at 
Clifd^n- House, in the county of Bucks; and being 
very fond of shooting, he gave orders for breeding a 
great number of pheasants and partridges, that when 
they came to proper maturity they might be liberated, 
on purpose to afford his Royal Highness amusement in 


the shooting season : by which means the neighbour- 
ing woods and fields were most plentifully stored with 

It happened that a clergyman, whose name was 
Bracegirdle, resided in the neighbourhood with a large 
family, upon a small curacy, and being an excellent 
shot, thought there was no harm in lessening the game, 
towards the support of himself and his family: the 
Prince being apprised of it, sent an express command 
to him not to destroy the game, for that he would, in 
due time, consider him and his family. The mandate 
was punctually obeyed at that tin*?, the parson laid 
by his gun, and every thing seemingly promised no 
further encroachment. 

The ensuing season, his Royal Highness being out 
on a shooting party in the neighbourhood, heard the 
report of a gun at no great distance from him ; orders 
were immediately given to find out the party, and 
bring them before his Royal Highness : who should ap- 
proach but parson Bracegirdle, and having approached 
his royal highness, the Prince (with his usual good na- 
ture) asked him what diversion he had met with; to 
which he replied, some little ; but pray (said the Prince) 
what have you got in your hawking bag ? let us see the 
contents. The parson then drew out a fine cock phea- 
sant aud two brace of partridges. Very fine (said the 
Prince); but did I not command you to forbear de- 
stroying the game? The parson, very sensible of the 
breach he had been guilty of, most humbly besought 
his Royal Highness' s lorgiveness, alledging, that the 
beauty of the morning invited him abroad, and hap- 
pening to take the gun along with him, t h e creature 
(pointing to the game) got up beiuie me, and flesh 


and blood could not forbear. The Prince was so 
pleased with his apology, that he bid him rise up and 
attend him; the conversation then turned on the art 
of shooting flying, which at that time his Royal High- 
ness was rather defective in: but by Mr. Bracegirdle's 
constant attendance on the Prince in all his shooting 
excursions, he became a tolerable good shot ; and in 
remembrance of the promise he made him, obtained 
for him the living of Taplow, then worth two hundred 
pounds a year. 


The late Duke of Grafton, when hunting, was 
thrown into a ditch; at the same time a young curate, 
calling out " Lie still my Lord/' leaped over him, and 
pursued his sport. Such an apparent want of feeling, 
we may presume, was properly resented. No such 
thing : on being helped out by his attendants, his Grace 
said, " that man shall have the first good living that 
falls to my disposal; had he stopped to have taken 
care of me, I never would have given him any thing:" 
being delighted with an ardour similar to his own, or 
with a spirit that would not sloop to flatter. 


One of this species of dogs having run a hare ex- 
tremely hard, and turned her at least a dozen times, 
killed her by himself; but was so exhausted, thai he 
lay down panting by her side, seemingly unable to rise. 
Two countrymen, perceiving the situation of the dog, 
and the master not coming up, hoped to secure the 


prize; but upon going to seize it, the greyhound sprung 
up, took the hare in his mouth, and run with it to his 
master, the fellows pursuing with stones and sticks. 
When he met his master, he laid down the hare at his 
feet and immediately turned round and flew at the 
men, but was so enervated, that he dropped down as 
if dead: by proper attention, however, he was re- 
stored, and lived long a faithful servant to his master. 


Alonzo the Fourth, surnamed The Brave, ascended 
the throne of Portugal in the vigour of his age. The 
pleasures of the chace engrossed his whole attention ; 
his confidants and favorites encouraged, and allured 
him to it; his time was spent in the forest, while the 
affairs of government were neglected, or executed by 
those whose interest it was to keep their sovereign in 
ignorance. His presence at last being essential at 
Lisbon, he entered the council with all the impetuosity 
and fervor of a juvenile sportsman, and, with great 
familiarity and gaiety, entertained his nobles with the 
history of a whole month spent in hunting, fishing, and 
shooting. When he had finished his narrative, a no- 
bleman of the first rank rose up : — " Courts and camps 
(said he), were allowed for kings, not woods and de- 
sarts ; even the affairs of private men suffer when re- 
creation is preferred to business; but when the phan- 
tasies of pleasure engross the thoughts of a king, a 
whole nation is consigned to ruin. We came here for 
other purposes than to hear the exploits of a chace ; 
exploits which are only intelligible to grooms, to fal- 
coners, and such people j if your majesty will attend 


to the wants and remove the grievances of your people, 

you will find them obedient subjects ; if not " 

The king, starting with rage, interrupted him : — " If 
not, what?" — " If not," resumed the nobleman, in a 
firm and manly tone, " they will look for auother and 
a better king !" Alonzo, in the highest transport of 
passion, expressed his resentment, and hastened out 
of the room, in a little time, however, he returned 
calm and reconciled. " I perceive (said he) the truth 
of what you say ; he who will not execute the duties of 
a king, cannot long have good subjects. Remember, 
from this day forward, I am no longer Alonzo the 
sportsman, but Alonzo, king of Portugal." 

His majesty kept his resolve with the most rigid ob- 
servance, and became, as a warrior and a politician, 
the greatest of the Portuguese monarch?. 


It frequently happens, that we use the same means 
to attain ends that are very dissimilar. This was the 
case with a gentleman who had never been observed 
with the king's stag-hounds, in the course of the day, 
but who, nevertheless, applied (after the stag was 
taken) for a qualification ticket, to which Johnson, the 
huntsman, conscientiously objected, upon his " not 
having been present at the taking of the deer." With 
some degree of concern, he replied, " he considered 
himself entitled to it, as he had followed the king all 
day." George Gorden (one of the yeoman-prickers, 
or assistant-huntsmen) instantly replied, " If you hunt 
for a place, sir, you may follow the king; but, by 
G — d, if you hunt for a ticket you must follow me!" 


This is a fact not to be controverted, as George is un- 
doubtedly one of the best riders in the field. 


A captain of a West-Indiaman wished to purchase 
a horse ; in consequence he applied to a well-known 
character, who sold him one. After the purchase had 
been made, the captain observed—" Well, now the 
horse is mine, pray tell me candidly whether he has 
any faults, and what they are. " What do you mean 
to do with him, replied the other?" " Why to take 
him to sea" said the Captain, to the West Indies." 
11 Then I will be candid (replied the dealer), he may 
go very well at sea, but on land he cannot go at all, or 
I would not have sold him." 


Man, and his inferiors, the brute creation, are alike 
subject to the vicissitudes of life ; and the same erratic 
course of events, which sometimes lead to the prema- 
ture destruction of a human being, may likewise pro- 
duce the too early sacrifice of a quadruped, unless 
saved by the concurrence of accident. Of the truth of 
this assertion, the following fact is illustrative. A very 
handsome tame fox escaped from the receptacle 
in Edgware Road: hand-bills, with a guinea re- 
ward for his recovery, were circulated on the following 
morning, but no information whatever could be ob- 
tained for ten days after, when a hay-salesman riding 
into the yard, and enquiry being made of him, he re- 
membered to have heard that a fox had been caught 


by Mr. Nicholls, of Kingsbury, with greyhounds a 
few days before, and being taken unhurt, he was trans- 
ferred to Mr. Hill, of Lower-Hall, near Edgware, and 
was to be turned out at Stanmore on the following 
morning. As a moment was not to be lost, a messen- 
ger was instantly dispatched to Mr. Hill, who, re- 
ceiving him very politely, consented to relinquish the 
intended sport if it should prove the fox in question ; 
but whether the fox was magnified by the light of the 
candle, or the messenger's eyes diminished by the hos- 
pitality of the house, cannot be ascertained; 
though certain it is he declined the fox, saying, " he 
would take his oath the fox then before him was not the 
identical fox that was lost." Returning late at night 
with this account, and the owner of the (ok being too 
old a sportsman to believe a native fox could be found 
in a hedge-row within six miles of the metropolis, he 
dispatched one of his lads more particularly known to 
him, by five in the morning, who, arriving just as he 
was going to be bagged for his fatal destination, had 
some difficulty to obtain an interview, the previous 
messenger having most decisively declined the fox with 
the before-mentioned assertion ; but prevailing in his 
application, he was admitted, and whilst the standers- 
by stood aloof with fear, Reynard instantly submitted 
to the embraces of his oldfriend, and being by him car- 1 
ried into the parlour for the amusement of the Ladies, 
and the no less curious feminities in the kitchen, was re- 
turned triumphant to his old home, where he afforded 
occasional sport in miniature for two brace of terriers > 
thus fully verifying the philosophic prediction of Mac- 
heath, that 

The wretch of to-day may be happy to-morrow. 



The renowned Henry IV. King of France, experi- 
enced once an extraordinary hunting adventure. A 
bold renegado, who had been in the Spanish service, 
and called himself Capt. Michan, came to solicit em- 
ployment from Henry, when he was only King of Na- 
varre. The King was cautioned to beware of this de- 
serter, arriving from a country which could not but be 
suspected by every protestant. But the mind of Hen- 
ry was too full of honour to be capable of entertaining 
suspicions upon insufficient grounds, and he therefore 
paid no regard to this advice. A few days after, as he 
was hunting in the forest of Arras, being alone in a se- 
questered place, he perceived Michan advancing to- 
wards him, well mounted, with a brace of pistols at his 
saddle bow. On his approach, he said to him with a 
firm tone of voice, " Captain Michan alight; I have a 
mind to try if your horse be as good as you pretend." 
Michan instantly obeyed, and the king mounted : then 
taking out the pistols, he said to Michan, " Have you 
an intention to kill any one, Captain ? I am assured 
that you design me for your victim ; now your life is 
in my power, if I please to take it." He then dis- 
charged the two pistols in the air, and commanded Mi- 
chan to follow him. At first he attempted to justify 
himself; but thinking it the safest way to make bis 
escape, he set off two days after, and never again made 
his appearance. 



During the second encampment which the En- 
glish forces made in Bojapore, in the East Indies, one 
of the officers had a horse stolen from him, but missing 
the road before he got clear of the tents, the thief was 
detected and brought back. The gentleman, highly 
pleased at recovering his horse, and much surprized at 
the dexterity of the fellow that carried him off, amidst 
seven or eight /fee* (grooms) sleeping around him, was 
more inclined to admire his address and expertness, 
than to punish him. 

Next morning his resentment having subsided, his 
curiosity rose in proportion : he therefore ordered the 
fellow to be brought before him, and demanded by 
what contrivance he had effected his design. The fel- 
low replied, he could not well tell his honor, but that if 
he pleased be would shew him. " Well then (said the 
officer), since you are so bad at description, we will see 
how you did it." Being arrived at the pickets, the 
fellow crept softly under :he horse's belly : " Now, 
sir (says he), pray take notice; this is the manner I 
crawled over the^ces ; the next thing was to loosen the 
ropes behind, which I did thus. I then clapped a hal- 
ter, observe, sir, if you please, over his neck thus/' 
4< Vastly clever, by Jove, " exclaimed the officer, laugh* 
ing and rubbing his hands. " In this manner conti- 
nued the fellow), 1 jumped upon his back, and when 
once I am mounted, I give any one lea <> c tch -ne 
if they can." In saying which, he ga ,j h< rs i a 

kick, and though almost surroundei s, <\c. 


pushed him through the gaping croud, put him to his 
full speed, and carried him clean off. 


Tony Brun, an erratic comedian, with more am- 
bition than ability, was no less remarkable for his sinn 
gular simplicity, than extreme fondness for angling. 
When he was, member of the Liverpool Theatre, he laid 
one evening several lines in a stream near the town, in 
hopes of procuring an excellent dinner for the next 
day. In the course of the night, a theatrical wag, 
belonging to the same company went to the place, 
drew up his hooks, and on some of them fixed red her' 
rings, and on others sparrows, carefully placing them 
again in the foimer situation. Early in the morning 
Tony went with a friend to secure his expected prize, 
and drew up the red herrings; upon which he said to 
his companion, " Before God, here are herrings, and 
upon my faith ready pickled too. Proceeding further, 
he drew the sparrows on shore ; after examining them 
for some time very attentively, he exclaimed, " God' 
bless my soul, this is indeed very surprising! I don't 
wonder at catching the red herrings, because they 
were in their own element, but I really never before 
thought that birds lived in water; I should as soon 
have t; ted to have shot Jish in the air: but I will 
takettdre-and not be disappointed a second time, by 
laying my lines here for fresh ijish ." 



I have the honour to inform yon, that I moved 
with the detachment you were pleased to entrust me 
with, consisting of three greyhounds, two setters, and 
four couple of harriers, at day-break of the 18th inst. 
The weather being rather unfavourable, prevented my 
leaching Hare Hill, tin" seven A. M. where I received 
information from Hector (whom I had previously dis- 
patched on a reconnoitring expedition), of the enemy 
lodged in a large thicket, strongly defended by enor- 
mous bushes, a large ditch in front, and other redoubt- 
able entrenchments. As I wished to dispose of the 
force you entrusted me with to the best advantage, I 
commanded the veteran Caesar to watch an entrance 
into the redoubt; Alexander to secure a retreat that 
seemed very eligible, down a narrow lane; while Nero, 
Clytus, and Brutus, formed a similar defence in an op- 
posite quarter ; the rest, headed by Old Ventidius, I 
placed as a corps de reserve to the whole, at the same 
time forming a very formidable circumvallation; and 
thus arranged, 1 judged an escape wholly impractica- 
ble. The enemy finding every retreat cut off by this 
more than trio of chexaux-de-frize, preserved a pro- 
found silence, so as to lessen my belief of the truth of 
Hector's report, whose age and length of services have 
rather obscured his sagacity ; I, however. iu firing 

some small shot, the rather from a motive to .^rrify, 
than any intent of carnage. This had an effect inimi- 
cal to my wishes, for some inhabitants in my rear, 
(consisting of a sow and nine pigs) left their dwelling 
with such velocity as (by a coup de main) to divert the 
attention of Brutus and Csesar, by which two retreats 


were vacated, the enemy escaped, and thereby a glo- 
rious opportunity was unfortunately lost. However, 
while I regret the failure of the manoeuvre, it is some 
consolation to find, that had it succeeded, the achieve- 
ment would have been nothing more than an ancient 
rabbit, the callousness and pusillanimity of which would 
have disgraced your table, and degraded my arms. 
After annihilating the pig-stye (which I should be sor- 
ry you would deem less reconcileable with humanity 
than the love of the chase), I detached Hector on an 
expedition towards the west of Reynard Wood, 
with a view of dislodging an old fox, who has long 
baffled the united efforts of horse, dog, and gun; and 
whose strength and cunning seem to increase with his 
success. In this I was also unsuccessful ; for his firm- 
ness is of that tenacious nature, as must render him in- 
vincible. In vain I tried every means human wisdom 
could suggest, in order to allure him to an open, and 
decisive attack, and at last compulsively called in my 
advanced and flanking parties, and marched them off 
the ground in gnod order, with no other acquisition 
than this lesson, that lenient, not compulsive mea- 
sures, seem most likely to facilitate the desired pur- 

A combination of difficulties then succeeded ; a vio- 
lent shower, added to bad and almost inaccessible 
roads ; to increase which, poor Hector grew almost 
blind with fatigue and want of food, (it being then 
three and a half P. M.) Ceesar in a similar predica- 
ment, Nero with a thorn in his foot, Alexander and 
Clytus in strong contention for an almost Aeshless 
bone the former had accidentally picked up ; my am- 
munition nearly exhausted, and what was left rendered 


useless by the late heavy rains : to complete which, my 
Rosinante was become spiritless and tired, when luck- 
ily I espied a mansion, apparently a mile from my then 
situation, but on enquiry found there was no ether ac- 
cess to it than by a circumjacent road, at least three 
miles by computation. Niglu approaching, and my- 
self thus situated, I found a guide would be es- 
sential to my own and dogs preservation, therefore en- 
gaged a stranger, who was fortunately passing, the 
small expence of which, when weighed with the neces- 
sity, cannot but meet with your concurring acquies- 
cence. Thus assisted and supported, by an insupera- 
ble perseverance and magnanimity, we reached the de- 
sired abode about nine at night, after having surmount- 
ed innumerable impediments. Our sojourn in thete 
quarters will not be any longer than the return -of our 
ability to renew the chace, which, I have every reason 
"to hope, will be equally speedy, with an opportunity of 
restoring verdure to laurels that have been tinged only 
from the physical and untoward incidents of the day. 
It would be a want of gratitude not to express my 
•hearty commendations of the zeal and avidity shewn 
by every dog under my command; if there were any 
contention, it arose from a natural impulse, a becoming 
•emulation in the chace, which should be most forward 
in obeying him who has the honour to be, 
Sir, your's &c. 

P. S. I send this dispatch by an old tenant of 
your's, to whose care and attention (as guide) I am in- 
debted for our preservation ; and while I recommend 
him to your notice, must also refer you to him for fur- 
ther information. 




If there are three of you, by all means hire a post- 
chaise, as it cuts a dash, and comes cheap. 

Be sure you let the muzzles of your guns beoutaquar- 
ter of a yard on each sid£ of the chaise, to shew all the 
people on the road that you are sportsmen. 

On no account begin shooting for game before you 
get to Hackney, Carnberwell, Kentish Town, Mile End, 
top of Kent-Street Road, or any place of equal distance 
from town. 

Take care you do not shoot a sheep, or a cow, instead 
of the bird, you take aim at. 

The guns of least repute among common sportsmen 
are the best, those that scatter their shot the widest, as 
there is more chance of hitting them — if one, as the 
saying is, won't, another will. 

There is nothing like a sure shot. Many a bird has 
been missed by firing hastily at too great a distance. 
The best mode is. to place your piece close to his head; 
thus the body is not torn. 

*Takiug aim with both eyes shut, is not so good a 
practice as with both open, as cunning Birds have been 
known to take advantage of the moment, and fly 

In choice of dogs, that species of the spaniel, called 
the Spitalfields Hie-away is to be preferred, as he will 
hunt every kennel as well as ditch, and runs over most 



A.v Archbishop of Canterbury making a tour into 
the country, stopped at an inn for refreshment. Being 
at the window, he observed at a distance, in a solitary 
wood, a well-dressed man alone, talking, and acting a 
kind of part. 

The prelate's curiosity was excited, to know what 
the stranger was about, and accordingly sent some of 
his servants to observe him, and hear what he was re- 
hearsing. But they bringing back an answer far from 
satisfactory, his grace resolved .to go himself; he ac- 
cordingly repaired to the wood, ordering his attendant 
to keep at a distance. He addressed the stranger 
very politely, and was answered with the same civility. 
A conversation having been once entered into, though 
not without interruptions, by an occasional soliloquy, 
his grace asked what he was about. " I am at play/' 
he replied. " At play," said the prelate, " and with 
whom? you are all alone !" — " I own," said he, a Sir, 
you do not perceive my antagonist, but I am playing 
with God." — " Playing with God, (his lordship think- 
ing the man out of his mind) this is a very extraordi- 
nary party ; and pray at what game, Sir, are you play- 
ing?' 7 — " At chess. Sir." — The archbishop smiled ; biU 
the man seeming peaceable, he was willing to amuse 
himself with a few more questions. " And do you 
play for any thing, sir ?" — '* Certainly." — " You can- 
not have any great chance, as your adversary must be 
so superior to you ! — " He does not take any advan- 
tage, but plays merely like a man." — " Pray, Sir, 
when you win or lose, how do you settle ycur ac- 
i 2 


counts ?" — " Very exactly and punctually, I promise 
you." — " Indeed ! pray how stands your game ?" The 
stranger, after muttering something to himself, said, 
" I have just lost it." — And how much have you 
Josti" — " Fifty guineas.'' — " That is a great sum; 
how do you intend paying it, does God take your mo- 
ney ?" — " No, the poor are his treasurers; he always 
sencs some worthy person to receive the debt, you are 
at present the purse-bearer." Saying this, he pulled 
out his purse, and counting fifty guineas, put them in- 
to his grace's hand, and retired, saying, " He should 
play no more that day." 

The prelate was quite fascinated ; he did not know 
v/hat to make of this extraordinary adventure, he 
■viewed the money, and found all the guineas good; re- 
called all that had passed, and began to think there 
must be something in this man more than he had dis- 
covered. However, he continued his journey, and ap- 
plied the money to the use of the poor, as had been di- 

.Upon his return, he stopped at the same inn, and 
perceiving the same person again in the wood, in his 
former situation, he resolved to have a little further 
.conversation with him, and went alone to the spot 
.where he was. The stranger was a comely man, and 
the prelate could not help viewing him with a kind of 
religious veneration, thinking, by this time, that he 
was inspired to do good in this uncommon manner. 
The prelate accosted him as .an old acquaintance, unjl 
familiarly asked him how the chance stood since they 
had last met. " Sometimes lor me, and somei-imcs 
against me; 1 have loth lost and won." And are you 
.at plav now r"-r-" ^ T es, Sir, we have played sever*) 


games to day." — " And who wins ?" — " Why, Sir, at 
present the advantage is on my side, the game is just- 
over, I have a fine stroke ; check mate, there it is." — 
•J And pray, Sir, how much have you won?" — " Five 
hundred guineas?" — " That is a handsome sum; but 
bey are you to be paid r" — " I pay and receive in-the 
like manner : he always sends me some good rich man 
when I win ; and you, my lord, are the person. God 
is remarkably punctual upon these occasions." 

The archbishop had received a very considerable 
sum on that day : the stranger knew it, and produced a 
pistol, by way of receipt; the prelate found himself un- 
der the necessity of delivering up his cash ; and, by 
this time, discovered the divine inspired gamester to be 
neither more or less than a thief. His lordship had, in 
the course of his journey, related the first part of this 
adventure, but the latter part he prudently took great 
pains to conceal. 


James the First being one time on a hunting party, 
near Bury St. Edmund's, he saw an opulent townsman, 
who had joined the chace, very brave in his apparel, 
and so glittering and radiant, that he eclipsed all the 
court. 'The king was desirous of knowing the name of 
this gay gentleman, and being informed, by one of his 
followers, that it was Lamme, he facetiously replied, 
" Lamb, you call him; I know not wnat kind of lamb 
he is, but I am sure he has got a good fleece upon his 




Two Cockneys issued forth on a shooting-party, to 
some little distance from town, and were to sleep at 
an ale-house, and rise early to their sport in the morn- 
ing. Trudging to their quarters in the dusk of the 
evening, a large looking bird came sailing round the 
corner of a barn, at which one of them put up his gun, 
he shot, and the bird fell ;— -but, oh horror! what was 
the surprise and dread of him and hiscompanion, when 
running up in a great hurry to pick up his game, he 
found a pair of full bright eyes in a round comely face; 
with a pair of suow-white wings extended, and flutter- 
ing in agonies ! away they ran to the house, where the 
shooter instantly fainted; and, on earnest enquiry of 
mine host into the cause of their alarm, his fellovr 
sportsman, with a tremulous voice, cried — " Ah ! poor 
creature! heaven forgive him ! — but he has had the 
misfortune — I am sme it was unintentional— to shoot 
a cherubim I" 

However, as Boniface and bis hostler were not quite 
satisfied with this account, they took a candle and lan- 
thorn to the spot, and there found the supposed cheru- 
bim to he only a poor unfortunate owl ! 


While man in the fulness of his pride looks for 
every virtue in his own race, and haughtily despises, or 
discredits, the genuine emotions of unsophisticated 
nature in the bosoms of animals, he reads, either with 
astonishment, or scepticism, the well accredited facts 


which are daily commemorated, relative to the power 
of instinct (if not ratiocination) displayed among the 
brute creation. It is, however, pretty generally 
acknowledged, that the dog oftee :eaches to the point 
of human sagacity : the following instance oi muternal 
courage and affection in a cat, is no less deserving of 

A cat, who had a numerous brood of kittens, one 
sunny day in spring, encouraged her little ones to frolic 
in the vernal beams of noon, about the stable door ; 
while she was joining them in a thousand tricks and 
gambols, they were discovered by a large hawk, who 
was sailing above the barn-yard in expectation of prey ; 
and in a moment, swift as lightning, darted upon one 
of the kittens, and had as quickly borne it off, but for 
the courageous mother, who seeing the danger of her 
offspring, flew on the common enemy, who, to defend 
itself, let fall the prize; the battle presently became 
seemingly dreadful to both parties, for the hawk, by 
the power of bis wings, the sharpness of his talons, and 
the keenness of his beak, had, for a while, the advan- 
tage, cruelly lacerating the poor cat, and had actually 
deprived her of one eye in the conflict ; but puss no 
way daunted at the accident, strove with all her cun- 
nmo- and agility for her little ones, till she had broken 
the wing of her adversary : in this state she got him 
more within the power of her claws, the hawk still de- 
fending himself, apparently with additional vigour, and 
the light continued with equal fury on the side of gri- 
malkin, to the great entertainment of many spectators. 
At length victory seemed to favour the nearly exhaus- 
ted mother, and she availed herself of the advantage : 
for, by an instantaneous exeition, she laid the hawk- 
i 4 


motionless beneath her feet, and, as if exulting in the 
victory, tore the head of the vanquished tyrant; and 
immediately, disregarding the loss of her eye, ran to 
the bleeding kitten, licked the wounds made by the 
hawk's talons in its tender sides, purring while she ca- 
ressed her liberated offspring, with the same maternal 
affection as if no danger had assailed them, or their af- 
fectionate parent. 

Ah ! wanton cruelty, thine hand withold, 
And learn to pity from the tale that's told : 
Caress Felina, for in her we rind 
A grand example to instruct mankind — ■ 
Who leaves her young unguarded, or unfed, 
Has far less vktue than this quadruped. 


Dear , 

I am just returned from having paid a visit lo an old 
acquaintance, Jack Buckskin, who is now become the 

Rev. Mr. Buckskin, rectorof parish, in this county, 

a living worth upwards of 3001. per annum. 

As the ceremonies of ordination have occasioned no 
alteration in Jack's morals and behaviour, the figure 
he makes in the church is somewhat remarkable ; but 
as there are many other incumbents of country livings, 
whose clerical characters will be found to tally with 
his, perhaps a slight sketch, or, more accurately speak- 
ing, a rough draught of him, with some account of my 
visit, will not be unentertaining to you. 

Jack, hearing that I was in this part of the kingdom, 
sent me a very hearty letter, informing mo that he 
had been double japanned (as he called it) about a 

Sporting anecdotes; 177 

year ago, and was the present incumbent of , 

where, if I would favour him with my company, he 
Would give me a cup of the best ale in the county, 
and would engage to shew me a noble day's sport, 
as he was in "a fine open country, with plenty of 
foxes. I rejoiced to hear he was so comfortably set- 
tled, and set out immediately for his living. 

When I arrived within the gate, my ears were alarm- 
ed with such a loud chorus of " No mortals on earth 
are so jovial as we," that I began to think I had made 
a mistake; but its close neighbourhood to the church 
soon convinced me that this could be no other than 
the parsonage house. 

.On my entrance, my friend (whom I found in the 
midst of a room full of fox-hunters) got up to wel- 
come me to - , and embracing me, introduced me to 

his friends : and placing me at the right hand of his elbow 
chair, assured them that I was an honest cock, and loved 
a chace of rive and twenty miles an end as well as 
any of them. To-preserve the credit of which charac- 
ter, I was obliged to comply with an injunction to top 
off a pint bumper of port, with the foot of the fox 
dipped and squeezed in it, to give a zest to the liquor. 

The whole economy oi Jack's life is very different 
from thai of his brethren. Instead of having a wife 
and a house full of children (the most common family 
of a country clergyman), he is single, unless we credit 
some whispers in the parish, that he is married to- his 

The calm amusements of piquet, chess, backgam* 

mon, have no charms for Jack, who sees his " dearest 

action in the held," and boasts, that he has a brace of 

as'good hunters in his stable as ever leg was laid oven 

i ."> . 


Hunting and shooting are the only business of his life; 
for hounds and pointers lay about in every parlour; 
and he is himself like Pistol, always in boots. 

The estimation iu which he holds his friends is rated 
according to their excellence as sportsmen; and to be 
able to make a good shot, or hunt a pack of hounds 
well, are the most recommending qualities. His pa- 
rishioners often earn a shilling and a cup of ale at his 
house, by coming to acquaint him that they have found 
a hare sitting, or a fox in cover. One day, while I 
was alone with my friend, the servant came to tell 
him that the clerk wanted to speak with him : he was 
ordered in; but I could not help smiling, when, (in- 
stead of giving notice of a funeral, christening, or 
some other church business, as I expected) I found 
the honest cleric came only to acquaint his reverend 
superior, that there was a covey of partridges, of a 
dozen brace at least, not above three fields from the 

Jack's eldest brother, Sir Thomas Buckskin, who 
gave him the benefice, is lord of the manor, so that 
Jack has full power to beat for game unmolested. He 
goes out three limes a week with his brother's hounds, 
whether Sir Thomas hunts or not ; and has, besides, a 
deputation from him, as lord of the manor, consigning 
the game to his care, and empowering him to take 
away all guns, nets, and dogs, from persons not duly 
qualified. Jack is more proud of his office than many 
other country clergymen are of being in the commis- 
sion of the peace. Poaching is, in his eye, the most 
heinous crime in the two tables ; nor does the care of 
spuls appear half so important a duty as the preserva. 
tion of the game. 


Sunday, you may suppose, is as dull and tedious to, 
this ordained sportsman as to any fkie lady in town : 
not that he makes the duties of his function any fatigue 
to him, but as this is necessarily a day of rest from the 
usual toils of shooting and the cbace. It happened, 
that the first Sunday after I was with him, he had en- 
gaged to take care of a church, which was about twenty 
miles off, in the absence of a neighbouring clergyman. 
He asked me to accompany him, and the more to en- 
courage me, he assured me that we should ride over 
as fine a champaign open country as any in the world. 
-Accordingly I was roused by him in the morning before 
day-break, by a loud hallooing of Hark to MerrimaiV 
and the repeated smacks of his half-hunter. 

After we had fortified our stomachs with several 
slices of hung- beef, and a horn or two of stingo, we 
sallied forth. Jack was mounted upon a hunter, 
which he assured me was never yet thrown out : and as 
-\ye rode along, he could not help lamenting that so 
fine a morning should be thrown away on a Sunday, at 
the same time remarking, that the dogs- might run 
breast high. 

Though we made the best of our way over hedge 
and ditch, and took every thing, we were often delay- 
ed by trying if we could prick a hare, or by leaving the 
road to examine a piece of cover ; and he frequently 
made me stop, while he pointed out the particular 
course that Reynard took, or the spot where he had 

At length we arrived on full gallop at the church, 

where we found the congregation waiting for us ; but 

as Jack had nothing to do but alight, pull his band out 

of the sermon case, and clap on the surplice, he was 

x 6 


presently equipped for the service. In short, he be- 
haved himself, both in the desk and in the pulpit, to- 
the entire satisfaction of all the parish, as well as to the 
esquire of it, who, after thanking Jack for his excel- 
lent discourse, very cordially took us home to dinner 
with him. 

I shall not trouble you with an account of our enter- 
tainment at the esquire's, who being himself as keen a 
sportsman as ever followed a pack of dogs, was highly 
delighted with Jack's conversation. u Church and 
king," and another particular toast, in compliment, I 
suppose, to my friend's clerical character, were the 
first drank after dinner ; but these were directly fol- 
lowed by a pint bumper to " Horses sound, dogs heal- 
thy, earths stopt, and foxes plenty." 

When we had run over again, with great joy and vo- 
ciferation, as many chases as the time would permit, 
the bell called for afternoon prayers; after which, 
though the esquire would fain have had us stay and 
take a hunt with him, we mounted our horses at the 
church-door, and rode home in the dark, because Jack 
had engaged to meet several of his brother sportsmen* 
who were to lie all night at his own house to be in 
readiness to make up the loss of Sunday, by going out 
a shooting very early the next morning. 


Louis the Fourteenth playing at back-gammon, he 
had a doubtful throw ; a dispute arose, and the sur- 
rounding courtiers all remained silent. The Count de 
Gramont happened to come in at that instant :-— " De=. 
cide the matter," said the king to him, " Sire," said 


the count, " your majesty is in the wrong." — " How \" 
replied the king, " can you thus decide, without know- 
ing the question ?" — " Because," said the count, " had 
the matter been doubtful, all these gentlemen present 
would have given it for your majesty. " 


The following anecdote of the Hon. Mr. Rigby, has 
been attested by persons whose veracity may be relied 
on : — Like most young gentlemen in Ireland, he used 
to play, and sometimes pretty deep. Being one 
evening at hazard, in a public place, he was very suc- 
cessful ; and having won a considerable sum, he was 
putting it in his purse, when a person behind him said, 
in a low voice to himself, " Had I that sum, what a 
happy man should I be!" Mr. R. without looking 
back, put the purse over his shoulder, saying, " Take 
it, my friend, and be happy." The stranger made no 
reply, but accepted it, and retired. Everyone present 
was astonished at Mr. R's uncommon beneficence, 
whilst he received additional pleasure, on being in- 
formed that the person that had received the benefit 
was a half-pay officer in great distress. Some years 
after, a gentleman waited upon him in his own equi- 
page, and being introduced to Mr. R. acquainted him 
that he came to acquit a debt he had contracted with 
him in Dublin. Mr. R. was greatly surprised at this 
declaration, as he was an entire stranger. " Yes, sir," 
continued the visitor, " you assisted me with above a 
hundred pounds, at a time that I was in the utmost in- 
digence, without knowing, or even seeing me ;" and 
then related the affair of the gaming-table : " with that 


money," continued the stranger, " I was enabled to 
pay some debts, and fit myself out for India, where I 
have been so fortunate as to make an ample fortune." 
Mr. Rigby declined taking the money, but, through 
the pressing solicitation of the gentleman, accepted of 
a valuable diamond ring. 


A gentleman, who was allowed to be one of the 
greatest and most philosophic anglers of the age, pas- 
sing from Islington to town, as was his daily custom, 
frequently saw a brother sportsman planted on a par- 
ticular spot of the new river. Being jealous to think 
he should have all the sport to himself, he resolved to 
rise early some morning, and take his post before the 
other arrived : having taken his rod and line, and all 
the rest of the angling apparatus, he repaired to the 
spot, and remained uninterrupted for a considerable 
time, but without success. At length the original oc- 
cupier of this envied spot appeared, when the gentle- 
man could not help exclaiming, " Egad, sir, I do not 
know how you manage it, but I have been angling, 
these three hours, and have caught nothing at ali. > * — 
" Oh, Lord, sir/' replied the other, " what's that,, 
compared to me, why I have been angling here tliess 
three years and never caught a fish yet!" 


A nobleman, who was uncommonly addicted to 
play, had, one night at Bath, not only emptied his 
purse, but borrowed of the by-standers,. till they re- 


fused to lend him another guinea. At last a gentle- 
man was prevailed upon to advance him ten guineas, 
on condition that if he did not repay him on that day 
se'nnight he should give him half a crown every 
time he should ask him for payment. My lord 
agreed. The week being expired, he took every op- 
portunity of asking, and his lordship thought himself 
cheaply excused for halt a crown, till the next Bath 
season came on, when, before a numerous company, 
the gentleman thus addressed his lordship — " JMy lord, 
1 scorn to take interest for your ten guineas; your lord- 
ship has, at two and sixpence a time, paid me twelve 
pounds : there is a guinea and a half, and remember, 
'tis not the want of fortune, so much as the want cf 
thought, which has occasioned your present distress." 


An ancestor of the celebrated M. Calonne, was re- 
markable for his attachment to the sports of the field, 
and for preserving his vigour and strength, both of 
mind and body, to an advanced period of his life. At 
the age of eighty-five, he used constantly every day, to 
take the exercise of riding. A friend, one morning, in 
the autumn, met him on horseback riding very fast : 
" Where are you going in such a hurry this morning?" 
enquired the gentleman. " Why, sir," replied the other' 
facetiously, " I am riding after my eighty-fourth year." 


It is well known that the Duke of Argyle had a con- 
nexion with a lady of the name of C— p — b — II, by whom 
be had a natural son, and to whom he gave a polite 


education. At a proper age be likewise made interest 
for him in the guards, in which corps he soon figured 
as a captain. The duke was sensible that the young 
man's pay could not support him with proper dignity ; 
he accordingly allowed him the following genteel sti- 
pend, though somewhat whimsical : — The captain 
found upon his bureau, every morning, a clean shirt, a 
pair of stockings, and also a guinea. This extraneous 
allowance was intended to prevent him from gaming.- 
But the sharks knew his connections, and, according 
to the gambling lexicon, had him at the best ; in a word, 
they tickled the captain for a thousand. The duke 
heard of his son's disaster, but took no notice of it, 
till his dejected appearance rendered it apparent that 
some misfortune had occurred. " Jack," said he one 
day at dinner, " what is the matter with you ?" " The 
captain changed colour, and reluctantly acknowledged 
the fact. " Sir," said his grace, .'* you do not owe a 
farthing to that blackguard; my steward settled it 
with him this morning for ten guineas, and he was glad 
to take them/' exclaiming at the same time, that " by 
Jasus, he was damned far North, and it was well it was 
no worse I" 


A lkarn'd physician, as they tell, 
Who lov'd the sport of shooting well, 
Had toil'cl three days in hopes of game, 
But lost his time, and fame ; . 
Whe.n John, his fav'ril* servant, bow'dL 
And begg'd for once to be aflow'd, 
To try in neighboring field his art, 
A;3ur'd he soon should play his pstffc 


For birds there were, it was well-known, 
And lie would doctor them 'ere noon. 
•• What mean you, John ?" old Galen cries, 
" Why hill them, sir," plain John replies. 


After a loud preface of—*' Oh, yes!" pronounced 
most audibly three times in the High-street, at New- 
market, the late Lord Barrymore having collected a 
number of persons together, made the following general 
proposal to the gapers — " Who wants to buy a horse 
that can walk five miles an hour, trot eighteen, and 
gallop twenty V — " I do," said a gentleman with ma- 
nifest eagerness. " Then," replied Lord Barrymore, 
" if I see any such animal to be sold, I will be sure ta 
let you know." 


The same nobleman once betted a large sum of 
money upon Johnson and Big Ben, atBambury, in Ox- 
fordshire, where the former fought Perrins, the Bir- 
mingham giant, and Big Ben fought Jacobs. Lord 
Barrymore was on the stage, with some other persons 
of distinction, during the contest, and it was generally 
imagined, from the shifting and falling.of Ben, that he 
would get the worst of it. The mob. hissed him as he 
sat upon the stage, for what they supposed. cowardice, 
and Lord Barrymore, thinking of his money, reproached 
him for his seeming want of manhood ; when the 
rough-hew n hero, looking archly at his lordship, growl- 
ed out in his usual hoarse accent, " V/hy^ny lord, you 


an't vp to my gossip, I can beet un then I please: don't 
mind me, I tell you I am only manouiering /" 


The celebrated Beau Nafh having, at one time, a 
disorder which prevented him from riding on horse- 
back, his Grace the Duke of Beaufort often rallied 
him on the occasion, and told him, if he would pro- 
duce him a hare that he (Nash) was at the taking of, 
his grace in return would make him a present of a buck 
in the season. Mr. Nash accordingly replied to one 
of his chairmen to get him a leveret, which he ordered 
to be hunted by six turn?pit dogs, in a large room at 
Westgate-house, and was himself time enough to take 
it up alive. He then wrote a letter to the duke, and 
sent the nare in a basket by Bryan, his running-foot- 
man, and who had the honour of being an Hibernian. 

When Bryan got upon Lansdown, which is the road 
to Badminton, where the duke's seat is, he proposed 
great pleasure to himself in coursing the hare, as he 
bad a favourite dog with him. He therefore took off 
his great coat, which covered his running dress, and 
laid it down by the basket. After he had let the hare 
loose, she stood some time, till he set the dog at her, 
when she started from the place, and ran with speed 
to the first cover; Bryan following her till she was out 
ofsiglu. When he came back for his coat and basket, 
he found, to his great mortification and surprise, that 
both were gone. However, having Mr. Nash's letter 
to the duke, he made the best of his way to Badminton. 
On his arrival there, his grace ordered him up stairs, 
and asked him what news he had brought. Bryan an- 


swered, " Arrah, by my shoul and shalvaticn, I have 
brougl)t a letter tor your dukesbip," and he immedi- 
ately gave it to his grace; who, after reading it, told 
Bryan he was glad the hare was come. " By my 
shoul," says Bryan, " and so am I ; but pray, your 
graceship, is my great coat come too?" The company 
being informed of the particulars, could scarce contain 
themselves at the simplicity of the fellow. However, 
the duke kept his word with Mr. Nash, and sent him 
a buck. 


Two village sportsmen discoursing about a horse 
that had lost a race, one of them, by way of apology, 
observed, that the cause of it was an accident in his 
running against a waggon : — to which the other, who 
affected not to understand him, very archly replied^ 
why, what else was he fit to run against ? 


Mr. Dibdik, in his Tour thiough England, has 
the following interesting observations on the canine 
race : — 

Dogs, if I may be permitted the expression, have 
noble passions, and possess a rectitude which, if it be 
instinct, proves that instinct is superior to reason. 
Their gratitude is unbounded, their devotion exem- 
plary, their study and delight are to please and serve 
their master ; they watch his commands, they wait 
upon his smiles, they obey, oblige, and protect him, 
and are ready to die in his defence : nay, they love 


him so wholly and entirely, that their very existence 
depends.upon his attention to them. I had a dog my- 
self, that I was necessitated to leave behind me when I 
began my tour, and he pined away and died in a few 
days alter he had lost me. I have always loved dogs, 
and the observations I have made are innumerable, 
and all to their advantage ; among the rest I am com- 
petent to declare that they make friendships, always, 
however, with caution, among one another. Upon 
these occasions, they premise their compact, they ob- 
serve it inviolably, and this understood, the strongest 
protect the rest. I had a yard dog, that had every 
thing of a wolf but the ferocity. He was as gentle as 
a lamb, nothing offered to himself could insult him; 
but no roused lion could be more terrible if any of the 
family, or the other dogs were insulted. 
. 1 shall now shew you, by the relation of some pointed 
facts, the discrimination, the reason, the good sense, 
for I cannot say less, of dogs. The first is a circum- 
stance which happened under my own observation last 
summer, and I introduce it here to give it force. You 
know I would not affront you by asserting a falsity, and 
I hope the public are equally inclined to credit what I 
most solemnly declare to be fact. This is the least I 
could say as the preface to my story. 

I took with me last summer one of those spotted 
dogs, which are generally called Danish,. but the breed 
is Dalmatian. It was impossible for any thing to be 
more sportive, yet more innolfensive than this dog. 
Throughout the mountainous parts of Cumberland and 
Scotland, his delight was to chase the sheep, which he 
would follow with great alertness even to the summits 
cf the most rugged steeps; and, when he had frightea* 


*\i them and made them scamper to his satisfaction, 
for he never attempted to injure them, he constantly 
came back wagging his tail, and appearing very happy 
at those caresses which we, perhaps, absurdly bestowed 
upon him. 

About seven miles on this side Kinross, in the way 
from Stirling, he had been amusing himself with play- 
ing these pranks, the sheep flying from him in all di- 
rections, when a black lamb turned upon him, and 
looked him full in the face. lie seemed astonished 
for an instant; but, before he could rally his resolution, 
the lamb began to paw and play with him. It is im- 
possible to describe the effect this had upon him ; his 
tail was between his legs, he appeared in the utmost 
dread, and slunk away confused and distressed. Pre- 
sently his new acquaintance invited him, by all manner 
of gam: ols, to be friends with him. What a moment 
for Pythagoras or Lavater ! Gradually overcoming 
his fears, he accepted this brotherly challenge, and 
they raced away together, and rolled over one ano- 
ther like two kittens. Presently appeared another 
object of distress. The shepherd's boy came to re- 
claim his lamb ; but it paid no attention, except to 
the dog, and they were presently at a considerable dis- 
tance. We slackened our pace for the convenience of 
the boy; but nothing would do: we could no more call 
off the dog than he could catch the lamb. They con- 
tinued sporting in this manner for more than a mile 
uud a half. At length, having taken a circuit, they 
were in our rear ; and, after we had crossed a small 
bridge, the boy with his pole kept the lamb at bay, 
and at length catch ed him ; and, having tied bis plaid 


round bim, it was impossible for him to escape. Out 
of fear of the boy, and in obedience to us, the dog fol- 
lowed reluctantly; but the situation of the lamb all 
this time cannot be pictured; he made every possible 
attempt to pass the boy, and even determined to jump 
into the river, rather than not follow the dog. This 
continued till the prospect closed, and we had lost 
sight of our new ally, whose unexpected offer of amity 
to Spot, seemed ever after to operate as a friendly ad- 
monition, for from that day, he was cured of following 

This friendship at first sight between a dog and a 
lamb, I shall follow up with a circumstance to prove 
the friendship of dogs towards each other. 

A traveller belonging to a considerable house in the 
city, was very fond of a small French spaniel, belong- 
ing to the lady of the house, which had been accus- 
tomed to follow him, and therefore occasionally con- 
fided to his care. He began a journey, and did not 
perceive, till he was near twenty miles from home, 
that the little dog had accompanied him. He found 
himself in a very unpleasant dilemma; but, after some 
consideration, he made up his mind as to what conduct 
would be most expedient to adopt. It was impossible 
to send the dog from the place where he had discover- 
ed him; but he recollected that about thirty miles 
farther on he might entrust him with great confidence 
to the care of a landlord, who, he was sure, would get 
bim safely conveyed in the waggon to town. This he 
resolved to do, having previously written home to that 
effect, to avoid uneasiness. 

When he arrived at the inn, he committed the dog 


to the care of the landlord, as he had intended, and 
pursued his journey. His route being circuitous, rue 
had occasion, in the course ui a lew days to return to 
this very inn. The first thing he did, of course was to 
enquire after the little dog, and was told by the land- 
lord, with great concern that he was lost, and that the 
particulars of the accident were these : — He had by 
some means got into the stables, and had been severe- 
ly treated by the yard dog, from which moment he 
had disappeared, and eluded every search that had 
been made after him. The traveller, extremely con- 
cerned at this intelligence, made every possible enquiry 
•for the dog, without effect, and went to bed. 

The next morning he heard a noise as if dogs were 
fighting in the yard ; and, his mind being alive to the 
circumstance of having lost the little spaniel, his curi- 
osity was naturally excited, and he ran to the scene cf 
action, where he saw too large dogs fighting, and a little 
one looking on. The fact turned out, that the little 
dog, after having been beaten had gone home, made 
the house dog acquainted with the circumstance, and 
brought him to revenge his cause. This is very strong, 
it must be confessed ; but 1 declare that my mind does 
not revolt at it. I know it to be possible, supposing 
the distance to be only two miles ; why should it not 
then be true, supposing it to be fifty ? The condition 
of the little dog manifested sufficiently to his friend and 
protector the treatment he had received: and, for the 
rest, we know that dogs will in a most astonishing 
manner, retrace their steps. My sister had a dog 
stolen from her by a strolling tinker, which found its 
way home from some very considerable distance, for 


the skin was completely off its feet, and it fell down at 

the door, unable to proceed an inch further. 

We have here seen the operation of reason upon 
dogs, and that they are capable of friendship. I shall 
now go into some instances of their fidelity, a quality 
which every body knows they possess in an astonishing 
degree, though few, perhaps, have given themselves the 
trouble of ascertaining in what an extraordinary man- 
ner upon this subject they challenge our admiration. 

A gentleman in the city had a dog so attached to 
him, that he -knew no pleasure in the absence of his 
master. This dog of course he loved and valued, for I 
have the pleasure of knowing him, and I believe no man 
can have more humanity or sensibility. This gentle- 
man married. In a short time the dog seemed to feel 
a diminution of attention towards him, and testified 
•great uneasiness; but, finding his mistress grew fond of 
him, his pleasure seemed to redouble, and he was per- 
fectly happy. Something more than a year after this 
they had a child. There was now a decided inquietude 
about the dog, and it was impossible to avoid noticing 
that he felt himself miserable. The attention paid to 
the child encreased his wretchedness, he loathed his 
.food, and nothing could content him, though he was 
-treated on this very account with the utmost tender- 
ness. At last he hid himself in the coal cellar, whence 
every kind and solicitous means w^re taken to induce 
him to return, but all in vain, lie was deaf to all en- 
treaty, rejected all kindness, refused to eat, and conti- 
nued firm to his resolution, till exhausted nature yield- 
ed to death. 

I shall give one more instance of the affecti'ug kind. 


The grandfather of as amiable a man as ever existed, 
and one of my kindest and most valuable friends, had 
a dog of the above endearing description. This gen- 
tleman had an occupation which obliged him to go a 
journey periodically, I believe every month. His stay 
was short, and his departure and return were regular, 
and without variation. The dog always grew uneasy 
when first he lost his master, and moped in a corner, 
but recovered himself gradually as the time of his re- 
turn approached ; which he knew to an hour, nay, to 
a minute, as I shall prove. When he was convinced 
that his master was on the road at no great distance 
from home, he flew all over the house, and if the street- 
door happened to be shut, he would suffer no servant 
to have any rest till it was opened. The moment he 
obtained his freedom away he went, and to a certainty 
met his benefactor about two miles from (own. He 
played and frolicked about him till he had obtained 
one of his gloves, with which he ran or rather flew 
home, entered the house, laid it down in the middle 
of the room, and danced round it. When lie had suf- 
ficiently amused himself in this manner, out of the 
house he flew, returned to meet his master, and ran be- 
fore him, or gambolled by his side, till he arrived with 
him at home. 

I know not how frequently this was repeated, but it 
lasted, however till the old gentleman grew infirm, and 
incapable of continuing his journies. The dog by this 
time was also old, and became at length blind ; but 
this misfortune did not hinder him from fondling his 
master, whom he knew from every other person, and 
for whom his affection and solicitude rather increased 
than diminished. The old gentleman after a short ill- 



ness died. The dog knew the circumstance, watched 
the corpse, blind as he was, and,did his utmost to pre- 
vent the undertaker from screwing up the body in the 
coffin, and most outrageously opposed its being taken 
out of the house. Being past hope, he grew disconso- 
late, lost his flesh, and was evidently verging towards 
his end. One day he heard a gentleman come into the 
house, and rose to meet him. His master, being old 
and infirm, had worn ribbed worsted stockings for 
warmth ; this gentleman happened to have stockings 
on of the same kind. The dog, from this information, 
thought it was his master, and began to demonstrate 
the most extravagant pleasure ; but, upon farther exa- 
mination, finding his mistake, he retiied into a corner, 
where in a short time afterwards he expired. 

I shall mention a few circumstances relative to the 
sagacity of dogs, and take my leave of this subject. 
At a convent in France, twenty paupers were served 
with a dinner at a given hour every day. A dog le- 
longing to the convent did not fail to be present at this 
regale, because of the odds and ends which were now 
and then thrown down to him. The guests, however, 
were poor and hungry, and of course not very wasteful, 
so that their pensioner did little more than scent the 
feast of which he would fain have partaken. The por- 
tions were served one by one, at the ringing of a bell, 
and delivered out by means of what in religious houses 
is called a tour, which is a machine like the section of 
a cask, that turning round upon a pivot, exhibits 
whatever is placed on the concave side, without disco- 
vering the person who moves it. 

One day this dog who had only received a few scraps* 
waited till the paupers were all gone, took the rope m 


his mouth and rang the bell. This stratagem sue" 
ceeded. He repeated it the next day with the same 
good fortune. At length the cook, iinding that twenty 
one portions were given out instead of twenty, was de- 
termined to discover the trick, in doing which he had 
no great difficulty; for lying perdu, and noticing the 
paupers as they came in great regularity for their dif- 
ferent portions, and that there was no intruder except 
the dog, he began to suspect the real truth, which he 
was confirmed in when he saw him wait with great de- 
liberation till the visitors were all gone, and then pull 
the bell. The matter was related to the community, 
and, to reward him for his ingenuity, he was permitted 
to ring the bell every day for his dinner, when a mess 
of broken victuals was purposely served out to him. 

I will now relate a remarkable circumstance, re- 
ceived in France for truth, and which will be found at 
length in the Essais Historiques sur Paris. In the reign 
of Charles the Fifth, a gentleman of the name of Aubri, 
accompanied by a dog, was assassinated in a wood, and 
buried at the foot of a tree. The dog, it was supposed, 
remained on the spot, till he was nearly famished, for 
in that condition, he came to Paris, to the house oj 
his master's particular friend, and howled most pite- 
ously. He had scarcely satisfied the cravings of his 
appetite, when his agitation grew more violent. He 
ran to the door, appeared by his actions as if he wanted 
somebody to follow him, pulled his master's friend by 
the coat, and grew more and more impatient. The 
singularity of these actions in the dog, his returning 
without his master, the inquietude which had been 
caused by the absence of the master himself, who, by 
appointment ought long before that time to have been 


at Paris ; these and other circumstances, determined 
the friend, in company with others, to follow the dog, 
who conducted him to the foot of a tree, and then re- 
doubled his howlings and solicitude. He scratched up 
the earth, and manifested so many signs, that, together 
with the appearance of the fresh mould, and a number 
of collateral circumstances, convinced them they 
ought to search for the body of the unfortunate Aubri, 
which they now began to believe was buried there, and 
which in fact they found. 

The Chevalier Macaire, as a person inimical to the 
interests of Aubri, and in particular on account of his 
high favour with the king, they all suspected to have 
a hand in the murder. The friend took an opportunity 
of shewing Macaire unexpectedly to the dog. He in- 
stantly grew outrageous, and endeavoured to fly at 
him ; but the friend, who had taken his precaution 
for that time prevented him. Determined, however, 
to revenge Aubri, he made all he suspected known 
to the king, who commended him for what he had 
done, and appointed him at a given time to appear 
at the palace, accompanied by the dog. They were 
introduced among the courtiers, who caressed the dog 
and to whom he shewed every respect and attention; 
but the moment Macaire came into the room, who had 
been purposely kept back, he flew at his throat. The 
matter was in consequence more particularly enquired 
into ; till, from a train of circumstances, and at length 
his own confession, he was found guilty of the murder, 
<aud suffered dtath. 

There is a tract of English history, which, if true, 
and it is well authenticated, proves that the first land- 
ing of the Danes in this country was occasioned by the 


sagacity and affection of a clog. Lodbrog, of the blood- 
royal of Denmark, and father to Hinguar and Hubba, 
being in a boat with his hawks and his dogs, was driven 
by an unexpected storm on the coast of Norfolk, where 
being discovered and suspected as a spy, he was brought 
to Edmund, at that time king of the east Angles. 
Having made himself known, he was treated with great 
hospitality b\ the king, and in particular cherished on 
account of his dexterity and activity in hawking and 
bunting. Berick, the king's falconer, grew jealous of 
this attention, and lest it should lessen his merit in his 
royal masier's opinion, and so deprive him of his place, 
had the treachery to way-lay Lodbrog, and murder 
him ; which done, he threw his body into a bush. He 
was presently missed at court, and the king grew impa- 
tient as to what was become o-f him, when the dog, who 
had staid in the wood by the corpse of his master till 
famine forced him thence, came and fawned on the 
king, and enticed him to follow him. The body was 
found, and by a train of evidence Berick was proved to 
be the murderer. As ajust punishment, he was placed 
alone in Lodbrog's boat, and committed to the mercy 
of the se,t, which bore him to the very shore the prince 
had quitted. The boat was known, and Berick, to 
avoid the torture, falsel\ confessed that Lodbrog had 
been murdered b) the order of Edmund ; which ac- 
count so exasperated the Danes, that, to revenge his 
death, they invaded England. 

To enumerate ail that is known and reported of dogs 
would be to write a volume ; but, as every thing is as- 
tonishing of them, though delightful, interesting, and 
admirable, from their tricks related by Pezelius ; ttte 
dcgs pretending to die and come to life again, told us 
k 3 


by Plutarch; and the variety of other extraordinary 
circumstances recorded by very many different 
authors, to that most complete climax, the Dog of 
Ulysses, which many have considered as the best trait 
in all the Odyssey, I shall no further advocate their 
cause, than to wish that all those who hold in con- 
tempt their want of reason, were endowed with so 
perfect a quality as their instinct. 


Beneath this turf ray fav'rite fox-hound lies, 

Stop here, ye hoaxers all, and wipe your eyes . 

Here mourn with me, for lovely Dolphin dead, 

The flower of all my pack, tho' not the head. 

Of shape exactly fine, from head to foot, 

To one scent steady, cautious, never mute ; 

To riot, or to babbling never prone, 

Nor slack on vermine scent to call us on ; 

Active, tho' not surpassing in his pace, 

Brisk and unwearied in the longest chase. 

The most determined foe our foxes knew, 

Fixt to his point and obstinately true. 

Such Dolphin was, uhose fame shall surely last, 

As long as sportsmen shall preserve their taste, 


One morning as Mr. Chapman's hounds, of Putney, 
were waiting upon Letlow common for some of the 
company, a person riding towards town, in a caidi- 

flower wig, cocked hat, black breeches, and boots, enquired 
of the huntsmen what they were going to hunt, who in- 
formed him a bag-fox; and that he hoped he would 

join the chase, which the other replied he should be 


very happy to do, but that, having been tbe preceding 
day to dine with his brother, who had the honour to, 
be an alderman, at his box in the country, he was in 
haste to return to his shop, for fear business should be 
neglected in his absence; however, he requested to be 
introduced to Mr. Chapman, and begged of him to or- 
der the fox to be turned with his head towards town, as 
he then might enjoy the pleasures of the chase in his 
way home. Mr. C. thinking (from this extraordinary 
request, and his grotesque appearance) his joining the 
chase would afford some diversion, with the greatest 
gravity immediately assented to it ; and Reynard being 
soon after set at liberty with his head towards town, 
ran, whilst in view, in a direct line with the London 
road, but, by the time the hounds were laid on, had 
turned and taken quite a contrary direction. The 
scent lying vastly well, the hounds ran very swift, and 
were as eagerly followed by a very numerous field of 
sportsmen, all of whom enjoyed the distress of our he- 
ro, whose horse having more mettle than his rider, 
ran for some time close in with the hounds, to the 
great terror of the latter, who, Gilpin like, held fast by 
the mane and pommel; and, after having escaped many 
dangers, in a chase of an hour and a half, was at last 
completely thrown out, and left in a ditch, with the loss 
of his -whip, hat, and wig. Having lain some time in. 
this predicament, and recovering at length from his 
panic, he perceived a town at a small distance, which 
he made up to, in hopes of being able to reach St. 
Paul's, or the Monument ; when, upon enquiry, to his 
great surprise and mortification, he found himself at 
Dorking, in Surrey ! 

k 4 



As the late Mr. Cunningham, the pastoral poet, was 
fishing on a Sunday, near Durham, the Reverend, as 

well as corpulent, Mr. B , chanced to pass 

that way, and knowing Mr. Cunningham, austerely 
reproached him for breaking the sabbath, observing, 
that he was doubly reprehensible, as his good sense 
should have taught him better. The poor poet turned 
round and replied — u Your external appearance, re- 
verend sir, says, that if your dinner were at the bottom 
of the river along with mine, you would angle for it, 
though it were a fast-day, and your Saviour stood by 
to rebuke you!" 


While the immortal John James Rousseau re- 
sided in the solitary little hermitage near Montmo- 
rency, one of his rich neighbours, a great sportsman, 
and extremely jealous of his rights and privileges, hear- 
ing that one of his hares had suffered itself to be taken 
among the philosopher's cabbages, was loud in his 
threats in consequence of this breach of privilege. 
But, to assuage his anger, Rousseau sent him a letter, 
professing the greatest respect for the privileges of the 
nobleman, and concluding his epistle in these words— 
" but, most noble sir, that I may be able in future to 
distinguish your hares from those of other persons, be 
so good as to decorate them with a red ribband." 



A subaltern son of Mars belonging to Colchester 
barracks, was amusing himself with shooting, when un- 
fortunately a wood-pigeon rlew across the road and 
perched on a tree in an adjoining park. The soldier 
_fired, brought it to the ground, jumped over the pales, 
and secured his priz^, but leaving it for a few minutes 
by the side of his gun, found both seized on his return, 
and the gun reloaded by the game-keeper, who not on- 
ly abused the poor fellow with very harsh language, but 
threatened him, with the most violent imprecations, to 
shoot him dead on the spot, if he did not eat the bird 
raw. Hard as this article of capitulation was, the war- 
rior having lost his musket, was obliged to comply, and 
attempted to carry it into execution; but had not eaten 
two mouthfuls, when its powerful effect, as an emetic, 
prevented his proceeding any further. The gamekeep- 
er, finding he had done his utmost to fulfil the terms of 
capitulat.on, relaxed in some degree from his brutality 
and excused the finishing of the unpalatable repast. 
The soldier then earnestly requested to have his gun 
returned, which, after some hesitation, the gamekeeper 
complied with. No sooner, however, was he in pos* 
session of it, than he pointed it against the gamekeeper, 
and used the same words and imprecations ihathe had 
before mtered against himself, to oblige the other to 
eat up the remainder. The poor gamekeeper was 
forced to comply, and had gotten halfway through his 
raw meal, when the soldier, unable to bear the savage 
scene, and dreading the arrival of the enemy's rein- 
forcements, decamped, lea\mg him to finish it by 
K 5 


himself. No sooner was the gamekeeper left alone, 
than he set off in full speed, and meeting an officer, 
learnt from him that the soldier was one of his com- 
pany. A regular complaint was lodged against him, 
for shooting in a gentleman's park, and an interview 
fixed for the evening parade. The gamekeeper did 
not fail to attend, in the hope of bringing the poor 
fellow to the halbert. The officer called the soldier 
from the ranks, and asked him if he knew that man. 
To which he cheerfully replied—" Yes, your honour, 
I had the pleasure of breakfasting with him this morn- 
ing. He then related the whole affair, which the game- 
keeper was unable to deny ; and the laugh against him 
was so strong, that, instead of standing forward as an 
accuser, he was glad to sneak off, rather than await 
the consequence that might ensue, if he had continued 
till the soldiers were dismissed from parade. 


According to your advice, I on Friday last, for 
the first time, mounted a gun on my shoulder, and 
having stored my pockets with ham and chicken, I 
proceeded to the field of action, accompanied by three 
staunch terriers and my mother's pug. I had furnish- 
ed myself with a gun, which, though none of the best, 
was yet reckoned to make a very good report. 1 had 
not proceeded far, before the want of a game-bag 
obliged me to return, and I again sallied forth, fur- 
nished with a capacious work-bag, which was orna- 
mented with gold fringe and tassels. The dogs tor- 
d me extremely, by keeping close at my heels, 


and diverting themselves with snapping at the tassels of 
mv bag, which was hung behind me, and which they 
nearly demolished ; but pug running among some high 
grass, I unfortunately mistook him for a hare, and let- 
ting fly, killed him on the spot. This sad catastrophe 
put an end to my shooting expedition, but on return- 
ing home I was agreeably surprised at the sight of a 
large bird in a tree, close to me. I attempted imme- 
diately to fire, but to my great disappointment, my gun 
snapped in the pan; my energy was so impetuous at 
that instant, that 1 threw the gun at the bird, which 
flew away, and upon my looking for the gun, I found 
that it had fallen into a horse-pond. With these losses 
I reached home, heartily tired with my excursion ; 
and thus I shall conclude my sporting campaign unless 
you will have the goodness to send me a proper fowl- 
hig-piece, and dogs of your own choosing, by which you 
will much oblige 

Your humble servant, 

Timothy Tender. 
P< S. I forgot to mention the punishment I suffered 
fonbooting ihe pug, who was buried yesterday with 
_ iemnily. 


By this time the hunters had disappeared, and in- 
a it twenty minutes a labourer came out of the cot- 
tage, and informed us that the stag was coming down, 
view, and that we should see the chase 
bo the best advantage from the back-door of the 

The buck, to which the huntsman had given bufe 

E 6 


short law, came bounding down aslope, pursued by 
the hounds in full cry, the hunters close in with the 
dogs, halioomg " tantivy, tantivy," at every stretch. 

" 1 his is a view hollow/' said I, turning to Captain 

The poor animal had made a circuit, to gain the 
place where he was first raised, but finding neither 
safety nor covert there, he turned round, ran right a- 
head and in so doing crossed the garden of the cottage 
where we stood. 

Two dogs and men passed on. 

Two ladies rode by, pushing their horses with a de- 
gree of courage and vigour that would do honour to 
the spirit and strength of Amazons. 

A third female, fearless as Camilla, closed the 
chace : it was heaven's mercy she did not close her 
life. Unhappy fair one ! with whip and spur sb» 
urged the courser's speed ; but just as she prepared to 
clear a fence, the bank gave way, and down came the 
horse, jirking the rider from its back into the middle 
of the ditch. 

We ran to her assistance ; she was topsy turvy. 
"This is a view hoIlowV said O'Carrol, turning to 

Sophia retired a few paces. 

" We must fix her upon her feet," said O'Carrol, 
leaping into the ditch, and seizing the lady by the 
binding of her petticoats; I followed his example. 

An old virtuoso came up, he took out his glass — 
" I believe she is a peeress, (said he) by the coronet 
on her saddle/' 

'Twas not possible to tui*> the lady either on one 
side or the other. 


A labourer came to our assistance; he got under the 
lady, find raised her. 

" Bless my eyes, (exclaimed the labourer) her heels 
are where her head ought to be !" 

"It is really a horrid chasm/' said the virtuoso, 
peeping into the ditch. 

" Every body, from the highest to the lowest, have 
their ups and downs in this world," observed a lame 
beggarman, with a malicious smile. 

Having seated the lady upon the bank, and put 
every thing to rights, Sophia joined us, and with the 
help of a smelling bottle, and chafing the lady's tem- 
ples, she was restored to herself: she had received but 
little injury that we could perceive, and she declared 
she felt none. " But I fear I shall be thrown out," 
said the lady : so curtesying thanks to Sophia, and 
-smiling, thanks to O'Carrol and myself, with our help 
she mounted her hunter, cleared the ditch where she 
was thrown, and taking a short cut, to avoid the im- 
pending evil, was soon out of sight, and we returned 
to the cottage. 


A gentleman meeting his gamekeeper return- 
ing from shooting, asked him which way he had been. 
" I've been trying Drayton Wood, your honour." — 
" Why, what took you that beat?"— " My poor wife 
was buried this morning, and I went to Drayton to at- 
tend the funeral j so thought I'd try the cover in my 
way back." 



A jocxey once selling a nag to a gentleman at 
Glasgow, frequently observed, with emphatic earnest- 
ness, that he was an honest horse." After the pur- 
chase, the gentleman asked him what he meant by an 
honest horse, " Why, sir, I'll tell you, (replied the 
Jockey) whenever I rode him he always threatened to 
throw me, and, d— n. me, if ever he deceived me." 


The energies of nature are often strongest where su- 
perficial observers consider them as nearly expiring.. 
A sudden impulse will sometimes animate the expiring 
frame of man to acts of strength beyond the expecta- 
tion of surrounding observers: and thus too it often is 
with the other parts of the animal kingdom. A striking 
instance of the truth of this reasoning is displayed in 
the following narrative. 

William Dann, the gamekeeper of a gentleman near 
Bath, shooting one day in a coppice with- spaniels, they 
flushed a woodcock, which he shot at and perceptibly 
wounded, but not so as immediately to bring it down; 
he therefore, waited to reload his piece, and then went 
in search of the wounded bird, to a spot about a hun- 
dred yards distant, near to which he supposed he had 
marked his fall; but, on looking back after a young 
dog which had remained behind, and going up to him, 
he found he was mouthing the wounded woodcock, 
which he had much bitten, and nearly stripped of its 
feat'iers. The gamekeeper having taken the bird; 


from the dog, smoothed up its remaining plumage, 
and, after carrying it about twenty yards in his hands, 
in an expiring state, as he thought, he threw it down 
for the youn^cur to pick up, and bring after him. Be- 
fore the dog could get it, the cock, to the utter asto- 
nishment of the gamekeeper, took flight, and went off 
in so sharp a style, and with such astonishing strength, 
that he could neither shoot at him in his exit, or ever 
after get sight of him. 


Sunday — Waked at eight o'clock by the servant, to 
tell me the bell was going for prayers — wonder those 
scoundrels are suffered to make such a noise — tried to 
sleep again, but could not — sat up and read Hoyle in 
bed. Ten, got up and breakfasted — Charles Racket 
called to ask me to ride — agreed to stay till the presi- 
dent was gone to church. Half after eleven rode out — 
going down the High-street, saw Will Sagely going to 
St. Mary's ; can't think what people go to church for. 
Twelve to two rode round Burlington Green — met 
Careless and a new freshman, of Trinity — engaged 
them to dine with me. Two to three, lounged at the 
stable — made the freshman ride over the bale— talked 
to him about horses — sees he knows nothing about the 
matter — went home and dressed. Three to eight, din- 
nei and wine — remarkably pleasant evening — sold Rack- 
et's stone-horse for him, to Careless's friend, for fifty 
guineas — certainly break his neck — eight to ten coffee- 
house, and lounged in the High-street — stranger went 
home to study— afraid he's a bad one — engaged to 
hunt to-morrow, and dine with Racket. Twelve, 


supped and went to bed early, in order to get up to- 
mon ow. 

Monday. — Racket rowed me up at seven o'clock — 
sleepy and queer, but was forced to get up and make 
breakfast for him- Eight to five in the afternoon hunt- 
ing — famous run, and killed near Bicester— number of 
tumbles-— freshman out in Racket's stone- horse— got 
the devil of a fall in a ditch — horse upon him— but 
don't know whether he was killed or not. Five, dressed 
and went to dine with Racket — Dean had crossed his 
name, and no dinner could be got— went to the Angel 
and dined— famous evening till eleven, when the proc- 
tors came, and told us to go home to our colleges- 
went directly the contrary way. Eleven to one, went 
down into St. Thomas's, and fought a raff. One, 
dragged home by somebody, the Lord knows whom, 
and put to bed. 

Tuesday. — Very bruised and sore — did not get up 
till twelve— found an imposition upon my table — mem, 
to give it the hair-dresser — drank six dishes of tea — 
did not know what to do with myself, so wrote to my 
father for money. Half after one, put on my boots to 
ride for an hour — met Careless at the stable— rode to- 
gether — asked me to dine with him, and meet Jack 
Sedley, who is just returned from Italy. Two to three, 
returned home, and dressed. Four to seven, dinner 
and wine — Jack very pleasant, told good stories — says 
the Italian women have thick legs — no hunting 'to be 
got, and very little wine — wont go there in a huiry. 
Seven, went to the stable, and looked into the coffee- 
house — very few drunken men, and nothing going for- 
wards — agreed to play Sedley at billiards— Walker's 
table engaged, and forced to go to the Blue Posts— 


lost ten guineas — thought I could have beat him, but 
the dog has been practising at Spa. Ten, supper at 
Careles's — bought Sedley's mare for thirty guineas — 
thinks he knows nothing of a horse, and believe J have 
done him — drank a little punch, and went to bed at 

Wednesday. — Plunted with the Duke of B. — Very long 
run — rode the new mare — found her sinking, so pulled 
up in time, and swore I had a shoe lost — obliged to 
sell her directly — buy no more horses of Sedley — knows 
more than I thought he did. Four, returned home, 
and as I was dressing to dine with Sedley, received a 
note from some country neighbours of my father's, to 
dc-sire me to dine at the Cross---obliged to send an ex- 
cuse to Sedley— wanted to put on my cap and gown- 
not to be found — forced to borrow. Half after four to 
ten, at the Cross. Ten, found it too bad, so got up 
and told them it was against the rules of the university 
to be out later. 

Thursday.— Breakfasted at the Cross, and walked 
all the morning about Oxford with my Lions— terrible 
flat work— Lions very troublesome-— asked an hun- 
dred and fifty silly questions about every thing they 
saw—wanted me to explain the Latin inscriptions on 
the monuments in Christ church chapel— wanted to 
know how we spent our time— -forced to give them a 
dinner, and, what was worse, to sit with them till six, 
when I told them I was engaged for the remainder of 
the evening, and sent them about their business. Se- 
ven, dropped in at Careless's room, found him with a 
large party, all pretty much cut— thought it was a 
good time to sell him Stdiey' mare, but he was not 
quite drunk enough— made a bet with him that I 


trotted my poney from Benson to Oxford within the 
hour— sure of winning, for I did it the other day ia 
fifty minutes. 

Friday. — Got up early, and rode my poney a foot- 
pace over to Benson to breakfast— old Shrub at break- 
fast-— told him of the bet, and shewed him the poney 
-—shook his head and looked cunning when he heard 
of it — good sign — after breakfast rode the race, and 
won easy, but could not get any money— -forced to take 
Careless's draft — dare say it is not worth twopence,, 
lounged at the stable, and cut my black horse's tail- 
eat soup at Sadler's— walked down the High-street— 
met Racket, who wanted me to dine with him, but 
could not, because I was engaged to Sagely *s. Three, 
dinner at Sagely's— very bad-— dined in a cold hall, 
and could get nothing to eat-- wine new— -a bad fire- 
tea-kettle put on at five o'clock —-played at whist for 
sixpences, and no bets— thought I should have gone 
to sleep— terrible work dining with a studious man. 
Eleven, went to bed out of spirits. 

Saturday, — Ten, breakfasted — took up the last 
Sporting Magazine — had not read two pages before a 
dun came — told him I should have some money soon — 
would not be gone — offered him brandy — was sulky, 
and would not have any — saw he was going to be sa- 
vage, so kicked him down stairs, to prevent his being 
impertinent — thought perhaps I might have more of 
them, so went to lounge at the stables — poney got a 
bad cough, and the black horse thrown out two splints 
— went back to my room in an ill- humour, found a 
letter from my father — no money, and a great deal of 
advice — wants to know how my last quarter's allow- 
ance went — how the devil should I know, he knows I 


keep no accounts— do think fathers are the greatest 
bores in nature — very low-spirited, and flat all the 
morning — some thoughts of reforming, but luckily 
Careless came in to beg rne to meet our party at his 
rooms, so altered my mind — dined with him, and by 
nine in the evening was very happy. 


His Royal Highness William Duke of Cumberland 
being at a Newmarket meeting, just before the horses 
started he missed his pocket-book, containing some 
bank notes. When the knowing ones came about him, 
and offered several bets, he said, " he had lost his 
money already, and could not afford to venture any 
more that day/' The horse which the duke had in- 
tended to back was distanced, so that he consoled him- 
self with the loss of his pocket-book, as being only a 
temporary evil ; as he should have paid away as much 
had he betted, to the Worthies of the Turf. The race 
was no sooner finished, than a veteran half-pay officer 
presented his royal highness with his pocket-book, 
saying he had found it near the stand, but had not an 
opportunity of approaching him before ; when the 
duke most generously replied, " I am glad it has fallen 
into such good hands — keep it — had it not been for 
this accident, it would have been by this time among 
the black legs and thieves of Newmarket." 


A Gentleman of great character on the turf, as a 
knowing one, once bought a horse of a country dealer. 
The bargain being concluded, and the money paid, 


the gentleman said—" Now, my friend, I have bought 
your horse because I liked his appearance, and I 
asked you no questions; tell me now his faults: you 
know 1 have paid you, therefore you have nothing to 
fear." Faults, (replied the man) I know of no faults 
except two." " What are they ?" " Why, sir, he is 
bad to catch." " I do not mind that, (said the know* 
ing one) I shall contrive to catch him if he be the d-v-1. 
But what is the other fault ?" (rejoined he wiih some 
impatience.) " Ah! sir, (replied Hodge, scratching 
his pate) he is good for nothing when you have catched 


Wriothesly, Duke of Bedford, was at Bath one 
season, when a conspiracy was formed against his 
Grace by several first-rate sharpers, among whom was 
the manager of a theatre and Nash, the master of the 
ceremonies. — A party at hazard had already deprived 
the Duke of upwards of seventy thousand pounds, when 
he got up in a passion, and put the dice in his pocket. 
The gamesters were all terrified, as they knew they 
were loaded, and more especially so because the Duke 
had communicated his suspicions, and intimated at 
the s?me time his resolution of inspecting them. His 
Grace then retired into another room, and flinging 
himself gn a sopha, fell asleep. 

The only step that appeared practicable to the win- 
ners, to avoid disgrace and get their money, was to 
pick his pocket of the loaded dice, and to supply their 
place with a pair of fair ones: they accordingly cast lots 


who should execute this dangerous commission, and it 
fell on the manager ; he performed the operation without 
being discovered ; after which, his Grace having closely- 
inspected the dice he had in his pocket, and finding 
them just, renewed the party, and lost nearly thirty 
thousand pounds in addition yet they could not 
divide this sum without quarrelling, and Nash, think- 
ing himself ill-used, divulged the whole imposition to 
his Grace, whereby he saved the remainder of the 
money. His grace made Nash a handsome present, 
and ever after gave him his protection, the Duke think- 
ing the secret was divulged through friendship. 


A gentleman that was exceedingly fond of hunt- 
ing, was once running a fox (the dogs being in full cry) 
up the side of an acclivity, where the echo gave the 
various tones a striking effect ! meeting a friend to 
whom, after the usual salutation, he observed, " what 
heavenly music J 5 '—" Heavenly music, (exclaimed the 
other, looking up and listening) why I cannot hear any 
thing for the noise of those d-mn-d hounds !" 

the inexorable sportsman. 

We have read many instances of unpremeditated 
equivoques, but the following may, perhaps, fairly be 
said to eclipse them, in point of appropriateness. A 
lord of a manor having brought an action against the 
parson, for shooting upon his lands, imagined himself 
to be addressed from the desk, one Sunday, in these 
words — " O Lord forgive us our trespasses :" the 



squire rose in a fury, and swore lit -would sec him damn'd 
first ! 


One of the exiled princes of the unfortunate house 
of Bourbon, that house, whose fate has excited the 
commiseration of every reflecting mind, was once 
shooting at Mr. Coke's, at Holkham. While looking 
the coveys, a foreign servant cried out poule (hen), as 
is customary whenever a hen-pheasant rose. On the 
gamekeeper's return at night, Mr. Coke asked what 
sort of a shot the prince was. To which the man re- 
plied,' l I thought, sir, you had been the best shot in the 
world, till 1 saw his highness, who beats you ; for if he 
had pulled as often as the French fellow desired him, 
he would have shot all the pheasants on -your honour's 


Take a pestle and mortar of moderate size, 
into Queensbury's head put Banbury's eyes ; 
Cut Dick Vernon's throat, and save all the.blood, 
To answer jour purpose, there's none half so good j 
Pound Clermont to dust, you'll find it expedient, 
The world cannot furnish a better ingredient. 
From Derby and Bedford, take plenty of spirit, 
Successful or not, they have always that merit- 
Tommy Panton's address, John Wastell' advice, 
And touch of Prometheus, 'tis done in a trice ! 


A gentleman of fo.tune having purchased a grey 
geldings at a repository of much celebrity, for the pin- 


pose of carrying his daughter, sent the horse to a vete- 
rinarian of some eminence, for his opinion, from whom 
he received the following information. 
" Sir, 
" The subject sent for examination is so completely 
chest -foundered, that he can hardly get his legs from 
under him ; in addition to which, one eye has taken 
final leave, and the other is visibly inclined to follow. 
I understand by your servant, he was brought from 
the hammer; to the hammer he had better be re- 
turned. ' The Lord giveth, and the Lord taketh away ; 
blessed be the name of the Lord." 


The dog, of all the animals in the creation, has ever 
been regarded as the peculiar friend and companion of 
man. Among the most conspicuous of those qualities 
which bind him to his master, and render him amiable 
to mankind, is that of gratitude ; gratitude, which no 
ill usage can shake, no neglect can destroy. But ano- 
malies are no less frequent in animals than in man; 
the latter have their moral deviations, and the former 
their instinctive contradictions. As a striking proof 
of the justness of these deductions, we will present to 
our readers the following accredited fact. 

A butcher, of Mitcham, in Surrey, had reared a 
mastiff-dog from a puppy, and was so attached to him, 
that he was his constant company wherever he went. 
One day this mastiff had been eating very plentifully of 
some horse-flesh which his master had purchased for 
him, and having lost some part of it, the butcher at- 
tempted to take hold of i», in order to lay it by : the 


dog instanf y seized liis arm, and tore the flesh off in a 
most dreadful manner: not content with this, the fu- 
rious animal flew up at his master's throat, where ht 
fastened himself, and was not loosened from his hold, 
'till some neighbours tied a rope round his neck in or- 
der to strangle him. The moment the dog felt the 
cord, he let go ; and such was the extraordinary at- 
tachment of the butcher to this favorite mastiff, that al- 
though his life was in imminent danger, he would not 
suffer the animal to be destroyed. It is generally sup- 
posed, that eating such a quantity of raw horse-flesh 
occasioned the ferocity of the animal ; for 'till this cir- 
cumstance happened, he had always been remarkably 

dr. tranklin's advice to a young 

A gentleman of this description, from a too eager 
pursuit of the follies of high fashion, had spent the last 
guinea of his patrimony. At length, after receiving in- 
sults from those whom he had protected, and being de- 
nied a meal by those whom he had once fed, fortune in 
one of her vagaries, presented him with another estate 
more valuable than the first. Upon the possession of 
it, young Nimrod waited upon the late celebrated Dr. 
Franklin, who had been the friend of his father, to beg 
his advice. " What were the causes of your late mis- 
fortunes ?" enquired the doctor. •' Lawyers, quacks, 
gamesters, and footmen," replied the applicant. " The 
four greatest pests of your metropolis/' rejoined Frank- 
lin. " But poisons (continued the doctor) in the po- 
litical as well as medical world may, when judiciously 


applied, become antidotes to each ether; my advice 
therefore, is, that you remember the past conduct of 
the lawyers ; this remembrance will teach you not to 
go to law, and by this you will preserve your new-ac- 
quired property from their chicanery; the practice of 
the quacks should teach you to live temperately, and 
by this you will escape the miseries created by those 
mercenary monsters; the gamester may shew you the 
necessity of forbearance, and remind you of the old 
proverb, that ' only knaves and fools are adventurers;' 
and by this your vigilance will be excited to take care 
of your ready money : as to the idleness and insolence 
of footmen, these will teach you the pleasures of wait- 
ing upon yourself, in which you will be sure to escape 
the mortification of paying for torments in your own 
house. Go, son of my friend, ponder these antidotes, 
and be happy." 

the Quaker's view holla ! 

TnK Duke of Grafton being fox-hunting near New- 
market, a quaker, at some distance, upon an adjoining 
eminence, pulled off his hat, and gave a view holla ! 
The hounds immediately ran to him, and being drawn 
off the scent, were consequently at fault, which so en- 
raged the duke, that galloping up to the offender, he 
asked him in an angry tone, " Art thou a quaker?" 
" I am, friend," replied broad-brim. " Well then, 
(rejoined his grace) as you never pull off your hat to a 
christian, I will thank you in future not to pay that 
compliment to a fox." 



The famous Dr. Galloway, so remarkable for his 
surprising cures in the veterinary line, passing along 
the street, a'young man called after him, " Dr. Horse! 
Dr. Horse !" at which the doctor turned round, and 
said, " Is it me you want? my name is Galloway, and 
not Horse. " Why, (replied the wag) what difference 
is there between a horse and a galloway ? 


A poacher was carried before a magistrate, upon 
a charge of unlawfully killing game in a nobleman's 
park, where he was caught in the fact. Being asked 
what he had to say in his defence, and what proof he 
could bring to support it, he replied, — " An' please 
your worship, I know and confess that I was found in 
'his lordship's park, as the witness has told you, but I 
can bring the whole parish to prove, that for these 
thirty years it has been my manner.'" 


The Epping Hunt has often been admired for its cu- 
rious field of sportsmen, but we believe never was 
there a more motley group than that which was dis- 
played on the following singular occasion: — A fine 
fox was unkennelled among the ruins in the Strand, on 
the western side of Temple Bar. Masons, labourers, 
hackney coachmen, &'c. &c. all in full cry, joined the 
pursuit. The. crowd and variety were additionally in- 
creased by a large portion of the casual passengers in 


that great thoroughfare, who were attracted to the 
scene of curiosity, supposing that some wonderful dis- 
covery had been made among the ruins. Poor Rey- 
nard, being an animal of strong instinct; first made for 
Clement's Inn, in hopes, no doubt, that a fellow-feel- 
ing would there ensure him a safe asylum. He had 
the good fortune to gain the gate, but that was nearly 
the total of his success; he tried every building; he 
ran up stairs and down stairs; but no friendly lawyer 
would afford him shelter, no hospitable door would 
open to receive him; he met with nothing but demur- 
rers, rebutters, and sur-rebutters, while action vi et ar- 
mis every where pursued him; finding no law in the 
inn, he made a double to gain his own ground, but he 
had scarcely reached it, when the blow of a pick-axe 
put an end at once to his life, and the pursuit. A hod- 
mau immediately mounted his brush, and a party of 
masons and labourers carried tne dead body in pro- 
cession to a public-house, there to regale themselves 
after the fatigues of the day, and celebrate the success 
of the chase. From whence poor Reynard came, or 
how it happened he should take up such strange quar- 
t-re, we cannot conjecture. 


"k*.— -Lend me a horse, my friend Bob, for to morrow- 
Pray which of them all will you lend ? 
Its cursed unpleasant, you well know, to borrow, 
But I'm easy with you, my good friend. 

— Pon honour, with pleasure I would but indeed— 

^ Inch would you prefer then ? — 
L 2 


Dick.— The Urey— 

Bob, — Poor devil, he's badly, and quite off his feed.— > 

We'd a d — ran — ble run the last day — 
Dick.— The Black— 
Bob. —He is blister'd— 
Dick. — The Brown — 
Bob. — He is fired — 
Dick.— The Bay- 
Bob. — She's a.stumbling bitch : 

You should not have her, Dick, unless I desir'd, 

To see you laid dead in a ditch. 
Dick. — Pray which shall I have then — 

Brown Muzzle or Crop ? 
Bob. — I lend none — if truth I must tell — 

I've no licence, I own-— but ray stable's a shop— 

I ride all my horses — to sell. 


A gentleman of Worcester paying a visit to a 
friend a few miles distant, took with him a brace of 
greyhounds, for the purpose of a day's coursing :— a 
hare was soon found, which the dogs ran for several 
miles, and with such speed, as to be very soon out of 
sight of the party who pursued ; but, after a very con- 
siderable search, both the dogs and the hare were found 
dead, within a few yards of each other ; nor did it ap- 
pear that the former had caught the hare, as no marks 
of violence were discovered upon her. A labouring 
man, whom they passed, said he saw the dogs turn her 
two or three times. 



The following circumstance is related in a letter to 
a friend from Chateau de Venours. 

" Two persons were on a short journey, and passing 
through a hollow way, a dog which was with them 
started a badger, which he attacked, and pursued, till 
he took shelter in a burrow under a tree. With some 
pains they hunted him out, and killed him. Being a 
very few miles from a village, called Chapellatiere, 
they agreed to drag him there, as the Commune gave 
a reward for every one which was destroyed ; besides, 
they purposed selling the skin, as badger's hair fur- 
nishes excellent brushes for painters. Not having a 
rope, they twisted some twigs, and drew him along the 
road by turns. They had not proceeded far, when 
they heard a cry of an animal in seeming distress, and 
stopping to see from whence it proceeded, another bad- 
ger approached them slowly. They at first threw 
stones at it, notwithstanding which it drew near, came 
up to the dead animal, began to lick it, and continued 
.its mournful cry. The men, surprised at this? desisted 
from offering any further injury to it, and again drew 
the dead one along as before; when the living ... 
determining not to quit its dead companion, lay down 
on it, taking it gently by one ear, and in that manner 
was drawn into the midst of the village; nor could 
dogs, boys or men induce it to quit its situation by any 
means, and to their shame be it said, they had the in- 
humanity to kill it, and afterwards to burn it, decla- 
ring it could be no other than a witch." 

l 3 



Prince Bathiani, a branch of one of the first fa- 
milies in Hungary, (says a member of the late Na- 
tional Assembly) seems to possess no ambition beyond 
a desire to analyze the whole composition of the game 
of Chess. Could Addison's ideas be followed up in 
the dissection of the brain of this man, he observes, 
nothing would be found in it but the various models of 
all the various pieces made use of in this game, from 
the pawn to the king. He sees, he hears, he thinks 
of nothing but chess. It is the first thought of his 
waking hours, and the last of his nocturnal slumbers: 
all the motives that move and agitate other men, are 
to him dull and inert. " In vain (says the French 
writer of this account) did I endeavour to detach him 
but for a moment from the precious continuity of his 
own ideas, by introducing some observations upon the 
situation of his country. To these he made no reply; 
but pulling a small chess-board out of his pocket, he 
assured me that he had it made at London by one of 
the ablest artists of which Great Britain had to boast/' 

Resembling the ancient knights-errant that ranged 
over hill and dale in search of adventures, Prince Ba- 
thiani has traversed all Europe with no other view than 
to obtain the superlative happiness of throwing down 
the gauntlet to some of the ablest players. It was 
perhaps jestingly said of this prince, that he had an 
idea of travelling into Asia, to discover whether any of 
the race of Palemedis were still in existence. 

There can be no doubt that his journey to Rome, 
about the year 1794,was for the purpose of learning 


the abilities of the chess-players in that city. For three 
months he was most rigorously incog. He also lost 
considerable sums, but was by no means cured of the 
vain conceit of his own abilities: at best but a very 
middling player, he was continually intoxicated with' 
the eulogiums heaped upon him by artful and design- 
ing men. Dining one day at the house of his banker, 
an abbe being present, and proposing a party at chess, 
it was accepted by the prince with great pleasure; when 
the abbe, after considerable success, perceiving that 
his want of attention had nearly been prejudicial to 
him, suddenly exclaimed, " What a fool am I ; I have 
been nearly as conceited as Prince Bathiani.'" — The 
banker, who was a looker-on, felt an uncommon em- 
barrassment. The prince, however, without betray- 
ing any symptoms of surprise, asked the abbe, " Why 
he said he was as conceited as Prince Bathiani?" " Be- 
cause, (replied the other) 1 have often heard that this 
German prince is a terrible chess-player, but that his 
vanity is so great, that he believes himself the first 
player in the world ; while the proof of the contrary 
exists at Vienna, where he lost fifty thousand crowns." 
" That is false (replied the prince), he lost no more 
than forty/' " Well (said the abbe), that is enough 
to prove him forty times a fool." It is scarcely neces- 
sary to add, that this party soon broke up, the prince 
paid his loss, and went out abruptly. The abbe's cu- 
riosity being awakened to know his partner, the banker 
unable to resist his importunities, informed him that 
this was Prince Bathiani himself. " That (exclaimed 
the abbe) is impossible." However, to be convinced,, 
he followed the prince's chariot towards the Place 
d'Espagne, and being soon after completely satisfied,. 
L 4 


lie had only to regret that he did not derive more ad- 
vantage from the opportunity that had been afforded 


It is maintained by metaphysicians, that all our 
actions result from the association of ideas; that dur- 
ing sleep this operation of the mind still continues with 
a certain degree of energy, though memory is sus- 
pended, (whence the proximate cause of dreams) and 
that if any past or expected event dwells strongly and 
exclusively upon the intellect, we infallibly find our- 
selves, while asleep, busied about that event. Per- 
haps a stronger proof of the accuracy of this hypothesis 
never occurred, than that which was presented by Sir 
F — d P — le. This gentleman slept one night at the 
Cock Inn, Epping, preparatory to the last day's stag 
hunt at that place; but going to repose, he was so full 
of the pleasures of next day's field, that he no sooner 
fell asleep, than in imagination he entered upon the 
chase with his accustomed ardour. -After running the 
first burst quietly enough in bed, he jumped up, in or- 
der, as he supposed, to take a leap over a stile; and 
to supply the want of a horse, he adroitly threw up 
the sash, and strided his supposed hunter: the window 
happened not to be far from terra Jirma, and by luckily 
catching hold of the curtain, he landed safely on the 
other side of the hedge. Sir Ferdinand then continued 
the sport with unabated vigour, and had proceeded 
some considerable way towards Epping-place Inn, when 
he luckily met with a check; during his chase, he had 
kept the middle of the road, a privilege which he was 


by no means easily made to relinquish ; however, he 
met with a broad- wheel waggon, the driver of which 
perceiving something in white before him, providentially 
stopped his horses, or Sir F. must have been materially 
injured. Hodge, still finding the ghost advance, and 
being a stout fellow, he stepped forward, and accosted 
him with " who's there?" No reply being made, he 
made bold to take him by the hand and shake him: it 
was not, however, 'till he had repeated this compulsory 
salutation two or three times, that Sir F. could be 
made to relinquish his pursuit, and acknowledge that 
he was thrown out. When he came to himself, his 
astonishment is easier to be conceived than described: 
however, upon recollecting that he had been in bed at 
the Cock at Epping, and explaining the event to the 
astonished waggoner, he re-conducted him to the inn, 
and knocked up the landlord. Sir F. and the host im- 
mediately went to the room where he had slept, and 
there found the window and curtain in the situation 
above-described ; the dream also recurring to Sir Fer- 
dinand, the whole of this wonderful event was ac- 
counted for, Sir F. then went to bed again, had me- 
dical assistance, and continued at tie inn several days, 
in consequence of the bruises he received in the fall 
from the window, and the cold he caught during the 


This is a most distinguished likeness of the original,, 
who, with as good a head and better heart tha 
major part of his cotemporaries, has orihap^ily be- 
come the dupe of almost every titled villain in the 
l 5 

higher circles of society. There is not a polished ad- 
venturer of the family, but has enjoyed some part of 
the general depredation upon his property. Possessing 
sensations openly alive to all the tender claims of huma- 
nity, to all the endearing offices of polite society, he 
could not, so early in life, be proof against the eter- 
nally seducing attractions of duplicity. Born to sup- 
port a situation far superior to every idea of subordi- 
nation, he could not be abstracted from that infinity 
of temntation, to which a p of so much distin- 
guished philanthropy, so much invariable affability, 
must inevitably become the incessant subject. Pro- 
pelled by the influence of fashion, and the never-fail- 
ing force of example, he became a temporary depen- 
dant upon the deceptive criterion of 'friendly assistance, 
and a dupe to the most villainous schemes, the most 
abandoned artifices, that ever disgraced an aristocratic 
association. Under the relentless influence of such 
connections, he unfortunately embarked in every un- 
justifiable and ruinous pursuit that juvenility could 
adopt, or infatuation approve. His hounds, hunters, 
stud in training, and the retinue that were attendant 
upon the whole, exceeded, in these respects, every 
moderate calculation, both in number and expendi- 
ture; which, in addition to the immense sums for 
which he stood engaged upon the turf, would have an- 
nihilated the revenue of majesty itself, and rendered 
additional claims upon national liberality matter of the 
most inevitable necessity. Happy, however, for him- 
self, happy for his august and anxious relatives, more 
happy for an admiring, expectant, and beloved na- 
tion (over whom he is one day to preside) he has, with 
a degree of ardour that adds lustre to a long list of in- 


herent virtues, no longer to be obscured, nobly and 
voluntarily relinquished every fascinating folly, that 
could tend to sully his name, or degrade his dignity; 
his hunting establishment has been long reduced, his 
numerous racing stud distributed by the hammer of a 
fashionable auctioneer, and his almost unlimited retinue 
dismissed, as a kind of sacrifice to economy. 

In contemplating this spontaneous act of honour and 
of justice, let us generously bury in oblivion the re- 
membrance of those follies, which thousands in his 
situation, surrounded with every incentive to irregu- 
larity, and beyond the restraint of authoritative inhi- 
bition, would have committed, but which fetv would 
have the magnanimity to abjure. And let us never 
forget, that it is harder to make one retrogate motion 
from vice to virtue, than to sink from the highest pin- 
nacle of the former to the lowest depths of the latter. 

" Virlus in actione consistit." Hon. 


An Historical Fact. 

The breed of Colonel Thornton's canine race was 
universally allowed to be one of the highest strain ima- 
ginable; uncon fined to sort, as also unrestrained in ex- 
pence, his observation and experience indubitably 
proved his great knowledge in every cross of bloody 
more than any other sporting competitor. In crossing 
the foxhound with the pointer, and vice versa, he 
evinced a science peculiar to himself; and the follow- 
ing anecdote of a foxhound, as related by himself, will 
l 6 


not be altogether inapplicable to verify the existence 
of high blood in the species. 

A gallant lofty young bitch-hound was one day 
freely giving tongue, in drawing a strong cover, and 
when at first casting off, and none of the other hounds 
challenging the same drag, the huntsman chided her 
babble, but to no purpose; she still continued with 
redoubled note, and the huntsman persisted she was 
wrong, and thought her lavish and incorrigible, which 
induced him to apply the whip with great severity, and 
in the bestowing of which, one of her eyes was acciden- 
tally lashed out of the socket. In this state the bitch 
continued to run from drag to chase, and proved her- 
self stanch, and not riotous, for a fox had stole away, 
and she broke cover, single-handed. However, after 
much cold scenting, and some delay, the pack hit off 
the chase; at some. little turning, a farmer, who was 
reconnoitring his grounds, informed the field, or rather 
the gentlemen of the chase, that they were far behind 
their fox, for that a single chase hound, very bloody 
about the head, and with an eye cut out, had passed 
some fields distant, and tbat she was then running 
breast high in scent, and there was little probability of 
getting up to her afterwards; however, coming up to 
check, the pack did get up with her, and after some lit- 
tle cold hunting, hit off the chase again from a nume- 
rous cast, where the biich had not failed, and clapped 
on him some hard running. At length, after a severe 
burst, they run into their fox, and killed him in a most 
gallant style; Colonel Thornton, the owner of the 
hounds, was in at the deaih, and observing this bitch- 
hound, actually took out his scissars, and severed the 


skin by which the eye had hung pendant, during the 
progress of the chase." 


My dog, the trustiest of his kind, 
With gratitude inflames ray mind. 

Let this perpetuate the memory 

of an animal, 

who, when living, was deservedly esteemed 

for his 

uncommon sagacity and honesty j 

though of Irish origin, 

he was no rebel, 

but faithful, constant, and invariable 

in his attachments ; 

his anger 

got sometimes the better of that discretion 

with which he was endowed 

by nature ; 

but it was then, only when he found 

unjustifiable opposition 

to his delegated legal authority. 

Possessed of every amiable quality, 

His resentment for any, 

or rough treatment, 

soon subsi 

and lie bee 

placable, loving, and sincere. 

Such was the 1 ttnous 


whoso misfortune it was to be 

killed by accid 

(to the genei tl regret of ail who knew him) 

June d, 17 y 6. 



Pero was descended, on the female side, from a 
very ancient line in Northumberland, and tradition 
says, that his ancestors were, from generation to gene- 
ration, great favourites of the Saxon kings of that dis- 
trict. By his own mother's side, (who was of Shrop- 
shire) he was related to almost all the celebrated 
hounds who signalized themselves in the chase during 
the time of the Danish and Norman usurpations. Jn 
the tree of pedigree of Pero's family, we find also the 
name of Yelpo, king Canute's favourite buck hound, 
and also that of List, who was king Alfred's faithful 
companion, when that monarch was driven forth, and 
in disguise, in the Isle of Wight. But the most illus- 
trious name in the tree, and the founder of the male 
line, is Hatpan, who came over with William the Con- 
queror, and was his favourite blood-hound; there- 
cords likewise of the Duke of Fitzroy's kennel assure 
us, that when the conqueror deluged the northern 
counties with blood, and spread desolation throughout 
that district, Harpan attended him, and had an amour 
with a beautiful fox-hound belonging to the Prior of 
Durham, from which union our Pero was lineally de- 
scended. When he was but a little puppy, he shewed 
a great precocity of genius, and every one foretold that 
he would not disgrace the illustrious blood that flowed 
in his veins! He was, therefore, when very young, 
put under the care of Tom Snipe, the duke's game- 
keeper, but this part of his education did not succeed 
according to expectation. Honest Tom, in his old 


days, Laving made too free with the bottle, Pero's in- 
structions were, consequently, much neglected, and it 
was feared he would fall into idle habits, and that his 
great genius would remain uncultivated. To prevent 
such a dreadful misfortune, his guardians removed him 
into Wiltshire, where he finished his studies, under the 
care of the learned and ingenious Peter Partridge, 
gamekeeper to Lord N d ; at first, indeed, he suf- 
fered severely by Peter's whip, but no sooner was he 
broke of his idle habits, than he made a most rapid 
progress in his education, in every part of which he 
was without an equal, whether for the melody of a fine 
deep-toned voice, for swiftness of foot, unexhausted 
strength, or stanchness of scent; nor can it create sur- 
prise, that these rare qualifications, so happily blended 
together, procured him the favour and patronage of 
the great. He has hunted with all the first nobility hi 
the kingdom, and indeed has always kept the best 
company, and never failed to excite their esteem and 
admiration. He was always in at the death, on which 

occasion he has often been honoured by his M y's 

attention, and at one time was patted on the head by 

the P of W , but this singular honour and 

happiness had almost cost him his life ; for, on boast- 
ing of irin the kennel, with rather too much vanity, 
the envious hounds set upon him, and had not the 
whipper-in most fortunately entered, and seasonably 
exercised his whip among them, he had certainly been 
torn limb from limb. Lord L — — , who was then on 

a hunting visit to Lord N , affected with Pero's 

dangerous situation, begged him of his lordship, and 
his request was granted j but no sooner did he bring 


him home, than his own kennel was equally envious < 

So true are the words of the lyric bard — 

" A favourite has no friend !" 

To remedy this inconvenience, however, it was or- 
dered that Pero should sleep in the warm stable, and 
all day he was a parlour guest with his lordship, by 
whose hand he was fed with the choicest bits; but such 
is the fallaciousness of worldly enjoyments! with all 
this semblance of terrestrial bliss, poor Pero was truly 
miserable; the servant maids, though they dare not 
speak out, were his bitter enemies, and were even 
greatly offended, forsooth, because he dirtied the stair- 
case, the hall, and the parlour ! and besides the almost 
daily plots that were laid to poison him, many a good 
kick and blow he got when his master's back was- 
turned. Thus passed his days, till old age, hastened 
by luxury and inactivity, (for he indulged himself too 
much in sleeping before the parlour fire) brought on 
its attendant infirmities. His loss of memory became 
notorious, and all his faculties were visibly impaired; 
when his lordship, out of great compassion and regard 
for him, ordered him to be hung, a death, which, ex- 
cepting a few that were shot for being mad, was the 
lot of all his ancestors, for these two thousand years,, 
and perhaps as many more beyond the extent of our 
most ancient records. In his person, Pero was re- 
markably well made, and beautifully spotted with liver 
colour, except on bib left hind leg, where he wore two- 
black spots; one of his ears was a little torn, occasi- 
oned by the not in the kennel, already mentioned; he 
had great expression in his countenance; when his 


lordship would hold up to him the wing of a fowl, or a 
slice of venison, he would leer at it slily, and wag his 
tail, and turn up one ear, as if listening with great at* 
tention, which, together with the arch cast of his eyes, 
gave him a wonderful look of sagacity. He was firm 
in his friendship, and grateful to his benefactors, whom 
lie would attend night and day ; but he was vindictive 
to a high degree, and could never forbear growling 
when any, who had used him ill, entered the parlour, 
while he lay at his lordship's feet i he was greatly ad- 
dicted to concubines, by whom he has left a numerous 
progeny, which are highly prized by the best huntsman 
in this kingdom, lie was also a great thief, for which 
the cook and butler gave him many a curse, and not a 
few hard blows ; but, it must be said in his vindication, 
that lie never stole any thing except when he was hun- 
gry ; we had almost forgotten to mention to posterity, 
that half his tail was cut off* ; this was done by the ce- 
lebrated Tom Snipe, already mentioned ; the reason 
he gave forit was, that the weight of his tail might not 
break his back, when he was in hard running; so hap- 
py is it for youth to fall into the hands of ingenious 
preceptors, and so ridiculous is the saying of the 
poet — 

" God never made his works for man to mend." 

In a word, he was a dog, 

V Take him for all in all, we ne'er shall see his like again." 



A gentleman being sporting one day, was led 
farther than he intended, by the wildness and continued 
evolution of the covey he was pursuing, till at length 
night surprised him. Being unwilling to return through 
the length of way that would be inevitable if he pur- 
sued the proper road, he chose to cut off a part, by 
taking almost a trackless route through the fields. 
This road he had before travelled, though it was many 
years since; he kept therefore in the track he had for- 
merly known, which was by the side of the dangerous 
Mersey, whose waves had, in one place, undermined 
and washed away the solid earth, and left only the 
turf remaining above, twenty yards from the surface 
of the water. 

When he came to tin's place, it sunk with his weight, 
and he had inevitably perished, had not his gun, which 
he carried under his arm, caught two trees that had 
inclined, but not totally yielded, to the waves. But 
even this temporary safety could not secure his life, 
for, when unable to endure it, he must inevitably have 
fallen into the river, had not one of his faithful dogs 
rescued him. If he moved, the gun would have lost its 
hold ; he was, therefore, uncertain what to do in this 
dreadful dilemma; but the grateful animal looked 
round in seeming despair, whined and gazed full at him, 
and at length, with all the firmness that a friend is ca- 
pable of displaying for his benefactor, seized him by 
the collar, and absolutely drew him from his tremen- 
dous suspension, The gentleman, when delivered, lay 
on the ground for some time thunderstruck and mo- 


tionless; the poor animal watched him with the great- 
est solicitude, but when he perceived him rise, it is 
impossible to express how he bounded round the 
field, leaped up as high as his head, bounded again, 
and used every gesticulation to manifest his excessive 
joy I 


This character, now worn out and gone, was the in- 
dependant gentleman of three or four hundred pounds 
a year, who commonly appeared in his drab or plush 
coat, with large silver buttons, and rarely without 
boots, His time was principally spent in field amuse- 
ments, and his travels never exceeded the distance of 
the county town, and that only at assize and sessions, 
or to attend an election. A journey to London was 
by one of these men, reckoned as great an undertaking 
as is at present a voyage to the East Indies; and it 
was undertaken with scarcely less precaution and pre- 
paration. At church, upon a Sunday, he always ap- 
peared, never played at cards but at Christmas, when 
he exchanged his usual beverage of ale, for a bowl 
of strong brandy punch, garnished with a toast and 

The mansion of one of these squires was of plaster, 
or of red brick, striped with timber, called callimanco 
work, large casement bow window, a porch with seats 
in it, and over it a study ; the eaves of the house were 
well inhabited by martins, and the court set round with 
holly-hocks, and dipt yews; the hall was provided 
with flitches of bacon, and the mantle-piece with fowl- 
ing pieces and fishing-rods, of different dimensioos, ac- 


companied by the broad sword, partisan, and dagger 
borne by his ancestors in the civil wars; the vacant 
spaces were occupied by stag's horns; in the window 
lay Baker's Chronicle, Fox's Book of Martyrs, Glanvil 
on Witches, Quincys Dispensatory, Bracken's Farriery, 
and ihe Gentleman's Recreation ; in this room, at Christ- 
mas, round a glowing fire, he entertained his tenants; 
here was told and heard exploits in hunting, and who 
had been the best sportsman of his time ; and although 
the glass was in continual circulation, the traditionary 
tales of the village, respecting ghosts and witches, pe- 
trified them with fear ; the best parlour which was ne- 
ver opened but on some particular occasion, was fur- 
nished with worked chairs and carpet, by some indus- 
trious female of the family, and the wainscot was deco- 
rated with portraits of his ancestors, and pictures of 
running horses and hunting pieces. 

Among the out-offices of the house were a warm 
stable for his horses, and a good kennel for his hounds; 
and near the gate was the horse-block, for the conveni- 
ency of mounting. 

. But these men and their houses are no more ; the 
luxury of the times has obliged them to quit the coun- 
try to become the humble dependents on great men, 
and to solicit a place or a commission to live in Lon- 
don, to rack their tenants, and draw their rents before 
due. The venerable mansion is suffered 10 tumble 
down, or is partly upheld as a farm-house, until, after 
a few years, the estate is conveyed to the steward of 
the neighbouring lord, or else some nabob limb of the 
law, or contractor ! 



There is no apophthegmatical axiom so just but 
that it is capable of modification, either from its own 
inherent deficiency, or from the multifarious inclina- 
tions, habits, and pursuits of mankind. That " neces- 
sity is the mother of invention," few will feel disposed 
to contradict, and as few probably would be inclined 
to assert or maintain, that the love of pleasure, or a 
peculiar fondness for any given pursuit, could produce 
the same ingenuity, and stimulate a man to the same 
contrivances as that lt tamer of the human breast," ne- 
cessity. But, 

" Exemplo plus quam ratione vivimus," 

All knowledge is built upon experience, and experi- 
ence alone can produce perfection. The following well 
authenticated narrative will sufficiently prove that 
there is no passion of the human breast so strong, but 
that it may be equalled, and sometimes surpassed, by 
others, of less apparent energy. 

With half a dozen children, as many couple of 
hounds, and two hunters, Mr. Osbaldeston, clerk to 
an attorney, kept himself, family, and these dogs and 
horses, upon sixty pounds per annum. This also was ef- 
fected in London, without running in debt, and with 
always a good coat on his back. To explain this 
seeming impossibility, it should be observed, that after 
the expiration of the office hours, Mr. O. acted as an 
accomptant for the butchers at Clare Market, who 
paid him in offal. The choicest morsels of this he se- 


lected for himself and family, and with the rest he fed 
his hounds, which were kept in the garret. His horses 
were lodged in the cellar, and fed on grains from a 
neighbouring brewhouse, and on damaged corn, with 
which he was supplied by a corn-chandler, whose books 
he kept in order once or twice a week. In the season 
he hunted, and by giving a hare now and then to the 
farmers over whose grounds he sported, he secured 
their good will and permission ; and several gentlemen 
struck with the extraordinary economical mode of his 
hunting arrangements, which were generally known, 
winked at his going over their manors. Mr. O. was 
the younger son of a gentleman of good family, but 
small fortune, in the north of England, and having 
imprudently manied one of his father's servants, was 
turned out of doors, with no other fortune than a 
southern hound big with pup, and whose offspring from 
that time, became a source of amusement to him. 


A diverting occurrence once took place near 
Taunton, in Somersetshire. A favourite old hunter, 
belonging to Joseph Pautley, P^sq. being locked in the 
stable, on hearing the.noise of a French horn and cry of 
the hounds began to be very restiff; the ostler instant- 
ly saddled him, placed a large monkey on his back, 
and turned him loose; following the sound, he joined 
the pack, and was one of the first in at the death of 
poor Reynard ; but the amazement of the sporting 
gentlemen was greatly heightened by observing the 
monkey hold the reins with all the dexterity of a true 



Pale rose the misty spirits of the vale, 

And from the verdant haunts of silver time, 

Whose fairy haunted stream, 

First heard the discord of ray artless song, 

Spread o'er the fading landscape wide ; 

Enthron'd are now tue starry throng ; 

The queen of heaven is clad in ali her pride ; 

The. birds of night majestically sail 

Amid the silent air : 

While pensive meditation seeks the plains 

Whose hallow'd earth Eugenio's dust contains. 

Ah ! youth belov'd, of sport beyond compare ; 

Past fell my tears upon the sacred spot, 

Alas ! by all, but me, neglected and forgot ! 

Ah ! what is manly youth, or jocund health] 

When death is near ! 

Ah ! what avail the treasured hopes of wealth, 

When fate prepares the destin'd bier! 

No more Eugenio shall joy's ardent fire 

Impel thee o'er the plain ; 

No more shall sport the mountain rocks ascend, 

Or on the syrtes of the marsh depend, 

And bid thee, danger, and stern toil disdain,* 

No more thy nerves confirm, thy gen'rous soul inspire. 

Where is the vigorous stride, the manly mien, 

On which th' immortal maids, 

Who rale the sylvan shades, 

Gaz'd with delight, envious of Clara's bliss; 

While the rude powers that guard the glades 

Trembling relir'd ? Ah me ! no more is seen 

The graceful form that glow'd amidstthe breeze, 

In the mild vallej, or the lonely wood, 

When thou, at sport's command, her devious steps pursu'd. 


Farewel, the thund'ring tube ! Eugenio now 

No more invites me to the field ! 

No more at night's approach, the raptur'd youth., 

Bidding his various spoils assert the truth, 

Narrates the toils and triumphs of the day. 

When morning is reveal'd, 

On the high healthy mountain's brow 

His early voice shall summon me away 

No more. Farewell, Oh sport ! 

And every gay resort, 

Where with Eugenio once I woo'd thy charms, 

Me faithful grief disarms, 

And friendship leads, when evening's shades arise ; 

Or early morn with purple stains the skies, 

Where, mould 'ring in the grave, my lov'd companion lies, 


A gentleman who usually spent the winter 
months in the capital of North Britain, having gone 
with his family to pass the summer at his country seat, 
left the care of his town residence, together with a fa- 
vorite house-dog, to some servants, who were placed on 
board wages. The dog soon found board wages very 
short allowance; and to make up the deficiency, he 
had recourse to the kitchin of a friend of his master's, 
which in better days he had occasionally visited. By 
a hearty meal which he received there daily, he was 
enabled to keep himself in good condition, till the re- 
turn of his master's family to town on the approach of 
winter. Though now restored to the enjoyment of 
plenty at home, and standing in no need of foreign li- 
berality, he did not forget that hospitable kitchin, 
where he had found a resource in his adversity. A 
few days after, happening to saunter about the streets, 


be fell in with a duck, which, as he found it in no pri- 
vate property. He snatched up the duck in his teeth, 
carried it to the kitchen where he had been so hospita- 
bly fed, laid it at the cook's feet, with many polite 
movements of his tail, and then ran out with much 
seeming complacency, at having given this testimony 
of his grateful sense of favours. 


About thirty years ago, a gentleman riding cheek- 
by-jowl with poor Bob Bloss, the training groom, (in 
the interval between the heats at an Epsom meeting, 
and knowingly balancing the pretensions of the different 
horses, as well as the owners,) found himself by the 
side of a Golrmding mare, called Whirligig, which he 
knew to be the property of a London chimney-sweeper, 
nick-named Sootbag. At the instant, a cockney 
sportsman rode up, and asked the following questions 
of the lad who led the mare, and received the follow- 
ing answers. " What's the name of this mare Y f 
'Whirligig/ " Who rides her?" ' Blackwig/ " To 
whom does she belong ?" * Sootbag/ 


No man ever sacrificed so much time, or so much 
property, to practical or speculative sporting as the late 
Earl of Orford, whose eccentricities are too firmly in- 
dented upon " the tablei of the memory," ever to be 
obliterated from the diversified rays of retrospection. 
Incessantly engaged in the pursuit of sport and new in- 
ventions; he introduced more whimsicalities, moreex^ 


perimental genius, and enthusiastic zeal than any man 
ever did before him, or most probably any other man 
ever may attempt to do again. 

Among his experiments of fancy, was a determina- 
tion to drive four red deer-stags in a phaeton instead 
of horses, and these he had reduced to perfect disci- 
pline for his excursions and short journies upon the 
road : but unfortunately, as he was one day driving to 
Newmarket, their ears were saluted with the cry of a 
pack of hounds, which soon after crossing the road in 
the rear, caught scent of the " four in hand/ and com- 
menced a new kind of chace, with " breast-high" alac- 
rity. The novelty of this scene was rich beyond des- 
cription ; in vain did his lordship exert all his chario- 
teering skill — in vain did his well-trained grooms ener- 
getically endeavour to ride before them; reins, tram- 
mels, and the weight of the carriage, were of no ef- 
fect, for they went with the celerity of a whirlwind; 
and this modem Phaeton, in the midst of his elec- 
trical vibrations of fear, bid fair to experience the fate 
of his namesake. Luckily however, his lordship had 
been accustomed to drive this set- of " fiery-eyed 
steeds" to the Ram Inn, at Newmarket, which was 
most happily at hand, and to this his lordship's most 
fervent prayers and pjaeuxati;<ns had been ardently di- 
rected ; into the yard they suddenly bounded, to the 
dismay of ostlers and stable-boys, who seemed to have 
lost every faculty upon the occasion. Here they were 
luckily overpowered, and the stags, the phaeton, and 
his lordship were all instantaneously huddled together in 
a barn, just as the hounds appeared in full cry at the 



The dog has long been regarded as excelling every 
other species of the brute creation in its attachment to 
man. For domestic uses, no animal has been found 
more serviceable to the human race, and its actions have 
so often bordered on ratiocination, that many incidents 
which have been related are deemed altogether incredi- 
ble. However, the reader may regard the following 
narration as an absolute fact, however, much of impro- 
bability there may appear in it to an unreflecting 

Donald Archer, a grazier, near Paisley, in Scotland, 
had long kept a fine dog, for the purpose of attending 
his cattle on the mountains, a service, which he per- 
formed with the greatest vigilance. The grazier having 
a young puppy given him by a friend, brought it home 
to his house, and was remarkably fond of it : but when- 
ever the puppy was caressed, the old sheep-dog would 
snarl and appear greatly dissatisfied; and when at 
times it came to eat with old Brutus, a dislike was 
evident, which at last made him leave the house ; and 
notwithstanding every search was made after him by 
his master, he was never able to discover his abode. 

About four years after the dog had eloped, the gra- 
zier had been driving a herd of cattle to a neighbouring 
fair, where he disposed of them, received his money, 
and was bent on returning home. He had proceeded 
near ten miles on his journey, when he was overtaken 
by a tempest of wind and rain,^ that raged with such 
violence, as to cause him to look for a place of shel- 
m 2 


ter; but not being able to perceive any house at hand, 
he struck out of the main road and rail towards a wood 
that appeared at some distance, where he escaped the 
storm by crouching under the trees; it was thus he in* 
sensibly departed from the proper way he had to go, 
until he had actually lost himself, and knew not where 
lie was. He travelled, however, according to the best 
of his judgment, though not without the fear of meet- 
ing danger from the attack of robbers, whose depreda- 
tions had lately been the terror of the neighbouring 
country. A smoke that came from some bushes, con- 
vinced hiii) that he was near a house, to which he 
thought it prudent to go, in order that he might leam 
where lie was, and procure refreshment; accord. ugly 
he crossed a path, and came to the door, knocked and 
demanded admission; the landlord, a surb, -looking 
fellow, gave him an invitation to enter and be sealed, 
in a room that wore but an indifferent aspect. Our 
traveller was hardly before the fire, when he was sa- 
luted with equal surprise and kindness by his iurmer 
dog, old Brutus, who came wagging his tail, and de- 
monstrating all tie gladness he could express. Arch- 
er immediately knew the animal, and was astonished 
at thus unexpectedly finding him so many miles from 
borne ; he did not think proper to enquire of his host, 
at that time, how he came into his possession, as the 
appearance of e\ery thing about him rendered his situ- 
ation very unpleasant. By this time it was dark, the 
weather btili continued rainy, and no opportunity pre- 
sented to the unfortunate grazier, by which he might 
pursue Sis journey; he remembered, however, to 
learn of the landlord where he was, who informed him 
that he was fourteen miles from Paisley, and that if he 


ventured out again before day-light, it was almost im- 
possible for him to find his way, as the night was so 
bad; but if he chose to remain where he was, every 
thing should be done to render his situation comfort- 
able. The grazier was at a loss how to act; he did not 
like the house he was in, nor the suspicious looks of 
the host and family — but to go out in the wood during 
the dark, and to encounter the violence of the con- 
flicting elements, might, in all probability, turn out 
more fatal than to remain where he was. He there- 
fore resolved to wait the morning, let the event be 
what it would. After a short conversation with the 
landlord, he was conducted to a room, and left to take 
his repose. 

It is necessary to observe, that from the first mo- 
ment of Archer's arrival, the dog had not left him a mo- 
ment, but had even followed him into the chamber, 
where he placed himself under the bed, unperceived 
by the landlord. The door being shut, our traveller 
began to revolve in his mind the singular appearance 
of his old companion, his lonely situation, and the 
manners of those about the house; the whole of whicli 
tended to confirm his suspicion of being in a place of 
danger and uncertainty. His reflections were soon in- 
terrupted by the approach of the dog, who came fawn- 
ing from under the bed, and by several extraordinary 
gestures, endeavoured to direct his attention to a par- 
ticular corner of the room, where he proceeded, and 
saw a sight that called up every sentiment of horror; 
the floor was stained with blood, which seemed to flow 
out of a closet, that was secured by a lock, which he 
endeavoured to explore, but could not open it! No- 
longer doubting his situation, but considering himseli 
m 3 


as the next victim of the wretches into whose society 
he had fallen, he resolved to sell his life as dear as pos- 
sible, and to perish in the attempt or effect hisdelive- 
jance. With this determination, he pulled out his pis- 
tols, and softly opened the door, honest Brutus at his 
heels, with his shaggy hair erect like the bristles of a' 
boar, bent on destruction; he reached the bottom of 
the stairs with as much caution as possible, and listened 
with attention for a few minutes, when he heard a con- 
versation that was held by several persons whom he 
had not seen when he first came into the house, which 
left him no room to doubt of their intention. The vil- 
lainous landlord was informing them in a low tone of 
the booty they would find in the possession of his 
guest, and the moment they were to murder him for 
that purpose ! Alarmed as Archer was, he immediately 
concluded that no time was to be lost in doing his best 
endeavours to save his life; he therefore, without he- 
sitation, burst in amongst them, and fired his pistol at 
the landlord, who fell from his seat ; the rest of his 
gang were struck with astonishment at so sudden an 
attack, while the grazier made for the door, let him- 
self out, and fled with rapidity, followed by the dog. 
A musket was discharged after him, but fortunately did 
not do any injury. With all the speed that danger 
could create, he ran until day-light enabled him to 
perceive a house, and the main road at no great dis- 
tance. To this house he immediately went, and re- 
lated all that he had seen to the landlord, who imme- 
diately called up a recruiting party that were quartered 
upon him, the serjeant of which accompanied the gra- 
zier in search of the house in the wood. The services 
and sagacity of the faithful dog were now more than 


ever rendered conspicuous, for by running before his 
company, and his singular behaviour, he led them to 
the desired spot. On entering the house, not a living 
creature was to be seen ; all had deserted it ; they 
therefore began to explore the apartments, and found 
in the very closet, the appearance of which had led the 
grazier to attempt his escape, the murdered remains of 
a traveller, who was afterwards advertised throughout 
all the country. Oncoming into the lower room, the 
dog began to rake the earlh near the fire-place with 
his feet, in such a manner as to raise the curiosity of 
all present; the serjeant ordered the place to be dug 
up, when a trap door was discovered, which, on being 
opened, was found to contain the mangled bodies of 
many that had been robbed and murdered, with the 
landlord himself, who was not quite dead, though he 
had been shot through the neck by the grazier. The 
wretches in their quick retreat had thrown him in 
amongst those who had formerly fell victims to their 
cruelty, supposing him past recovery ; he was, how- 
ever, cured of his wounds, and brought to justice, 
tried, found guilty, and executed. Thus was the life 
of a man preserved by the sagacity and attachment of 
a valuable quadruped. 


Asr old-fashioned city gentleman, whose pereg.. 
tions had always been confined to the east end of the 
town, happening to call at a fashionable tavern to the 
westward, seated himself in a box adjacent to a party 
of about half a dozen young men, who were disputing 
with great earnestness. One of them exclaimed, " De- 
al 4 


pend upon it, Jack, the breed of potatoes is worth any 
money; I'd give a cool thousand myself/' This ra- 
ther surprized him, but conceiving the youth to be an 
Irishman, he waited till another swore that " he would 
not give sixpence, for Charles Bunbury's froth, though 
he thought he kept some of the prettiest fillies in all En- 
gland." " Our citizen was preparing to vindicate the 
worthy baronet from this charge of immorality, when a 
third cried out, " who'll go and see Moll Roe take her 
sweats?' He had scarce time to wonder what this 
meant, when another rejoined ' you know nothing at all 
about it ; I was present when she was covered, and I'll 
wager fifty pounds that Celia is a breeding." The old 
gentleman, shocked at this indecent assertion, was 
about to put on his hat, and was going to trudge away, 
when one of the company asked him, " if he thought 
the Maid of the Oaks was mistress of his weight ?" 
This put him out of countenance, but as he imagined 
it to be only a fashionable hoax, he seated himself in 
order to hear the end of the discourse. A youth 
whom he had not before observed, gravely remarking 
that he thought Jenny Spinner could carry thirteen 
stone better than Miss Pratt, was stopped by a compa- 
nion, who asked him which he preferred, Penelope or 
Lais ; whilst he was wondering what possible compa- 
rison there could be between the wife of Ulysses and a 
courtezan, a gentleman entered the room, and inform- 
ed the company, that Miss Fury had beaten Dick An- 
drews, though the odds were three to one against her. 
This was the only intelligence that pleased the old 
man, as it proved the warlike spirit of our English la- 
dies; but while he was exulting in the defeat of Dick 
Andrews, and blaming his want of gallantry, in fighting 


with a woman, a smart youth in new boots vehemently 
swore, that though John Bull was xvetl bred he had m* 
bottom. This so incensed the British blocd ot the old- 
citizen, that he lifted up his stick toehastise ihe young 
spark for his impudent assertion, when the. mystery 
was explained by perceiving a paper lying upon the ta- 
ble, upon which was inscribed in large letters, u The. 
Racing Calendar" 


September the ^rsf\-— According to our agreement 
made at the Hole in the Wall, six of us met at Black- 
friar's-bridge at half past five o'clock armed and fur- 
nished with a large quantity of ammunition. 

Squibbed our guns over the bridge, and got a volley 
ofoaths from a west country- bargeman, tha-t was pas- 
sing under the centre arch. 

Loaded and primed — gave the dogs a piec? of bread 
each — the fox-dog would not eat his— took ^ dram a. 
piece, and set forwards in high spirits for the Circus 
gate, on our way to Camberwell, where we were in- 
formed we should find several covins. 

Just at Christ church, fjlackfriar's road, Ned Simple 
shot at a rat, and missed it ; but it ga'-e us a fine hunt; 
the dogs barked all the way, until? we drove it into the . 

Beat overall the ground aboutthe halfpenny hatches,. 
and found nothing but oae cat, which all of up rtr^d at,, 
but being only six in number, and a cat having nine 
Jives, we missed killing, though, we severely wounded; 

& 5 


Passing at the back of Webber-row, we saw several 
pigeons, but though they were within pistol shot, they 
flew so fast, that none of us could take aim, although 
our guns were ready cocked, and loaded with No. 2. 
six fingers deep. 

Saw five sparrows on the ground opposite the Ele- 
phant and Castle, Newington, feasting on some new- 
dropt horse dung — stole up with great caution within 
four yards of the game, and gave an irregular fire; 
but Bob Tape's musket going off before he took aim, the 
birds, we suppose, made their escape antecedent to the 
other five going off, for the devil of a sparrow we kil- 

Rather out of humour with such ill luck, so took 
another dram apiece, and pushed briskly forward for 

Met two men drWmggeese atKennington Common — 
offered them eighteen pence, which they accepted, for 
a shot at the flock at twenty yards ; drew lots who 
should fire first ; it fell to Billy Candlestick's chance, 
who, from his father's belonging many years ago to 
the Orange Regiment of city militia, knew something of 
taking aim. 

The goose-driver stepped the ground, and Billy took 
aim tor above ten minutes, when shutting both his 
eyes, lest the pan might flash in his sight, he snapped 
and missed fire : he took aim a second time — snapped 
and missed again — borrowed Bob Tape's sc.issars, and 
hammered the flint — snapped and missed fhe a third 
time — thought the devil had got hold of tlie gun 
—rammed her — found she was neither loaded nor 
primed. The goose-driver refused to let Billy try 
again, so we gave him another sixpence, and he sold us 


a lame gander, which we placed about six yards dis- 
tant, and taking a shot a piece at him, we kill'd him, 
and put him into Ned Thimble's cabbage-net. 

When we came in sight of the Swan at Stockwell, 
we all run as hard as we could to see who should get 
in first, as we had settled to breakfast there; unfortu- 
nately, Billy's gun being cocked, he made a stumble, 
and the trigger being touched by something, off went the 
piece, and lodged the contents iu the body of a sucking 
pig that was crossing the road; the squeaking of the 
poor animal roused the maternal affections of the sow, 
and set the^o* dog, the terrier, the Newfoundland bite /i, 
and the mastiff, a- barking; the noise of the sow, the 
pig, and the dogs, with the report of the. gun, brought 
out the people of the house, and indeed of the neigh- 
bourhood, and being threatened by one, and laughed at 
by another, we thought it best to buy the fig, at four 
shillings, which we did; and having put it int Bob 
Tape's game-bag, which by the bye, was nothing but 
half a bolster tick, we made the best of our way to the 
Plough at Clapham, where we had some cold buttock- 
and ale for break last. 

Tried all the common round — beat every bush with, 
the muzzle of our guns — set the dogs on the nigs; and 
found but one chaffinch, which was rather wild, not 
letting us come within eight yards, so that we could not 
make sure of our bird ; we hunted him from spray to 
spray, for above an hour, without being able to come 
in a parallel line, so as to tnke sure aim, when at last 
he was killed by a little boy, who knocked him down, 
with a stone — bought him, and put him into the net 
with the goose. 

Resolved to make for Biackheath, and so cut across 
u 6 


the country, that we might get into the stubbles—mis- 
sed our road, aud by some kind of circumbendibus got 
into Brixton Cause-way, where we ask'd if there were 
any birds in the neighbourhood. We were directed to 
a dead horse, where two ravens and several magpies 
were assembled, but they would not stay our arrival, 
for the moment they saw us they made off. 

Our pig-carrying companion and our goose-carrier 
complained of the weight, so we took charge of the 
game by turns. 

Hunted a weasel for above an hour, and lost him 
—the terrier was remarkably stanch. 

Crossing a field near Camberwell, we thought we 
saw a covey of partridges at the side of a ditch, so we 
all made up to them with our guns cock'd, tying the 
dogs to our legs, that they might not run in and spring 
the game. 

What we thought to be a covey of partridges proved 
to be a gang of gypsies, who were squatted under the 
hedge, peeling turnips and paring potatoes for din- 
ner. It was the mercy of God that we did not fire up- 
on them, as all our pieces were up to our shoulders, 
and we had but one eye a-piece open, when that which 
we took to be the old cock, rose up and said, in a loud 
voice — " What the devil are ye about ?" 

After many difficulties, and but little sport, got by 
the direction of the gypsies into the Greenwich road, 
where being rather fatigued, we stopped at the half- 
way bouse until a coach came by, when mounting the 
roof and the box, we were conveyed near Blackheath, 
to our unspeakable joy. 

Never ^aw the hearth before — amazed at the number 
of furze, aud the wide extent there is for game 


— bad an excellent chase after a jack-ass, which the 
mastiff tore on the leg — kept close together, for fear of 
losing each other. 

Got down near a large house — shot at a flock of 
sparrows, and killed one, which we think is a cock, 
his head being rather black. 

Saw several brother-sportsmen out, who had killed 
nothing but a hedge-hog and a lame jack-daw, which 
belonged to a public-house at New Cross turnpike- 
Got up to the main road— fired at a yellow-hammer, 
and frightened the horses in the Dover stage; the guard 
threatening to shoot us, we took to our heels. 

Saw some black game flying very high, they look'd 
for all the world like crows. 

The terrier came to a point at a thick bunch of 
fern ; were sure now this must be a covey of partridges, 
and we prepared accordingly — the mastiff run in, 
brought out one of the young ones; it proved to be 
a nest of field mice; took every one and put them into 
the bolster — grass mice were better than nothing. 

Much fatigued, and agreed to shoot all the way 
home — fired off our guns at the foot ot Greenwich hill, 
and were laughed at by the inhabitants. Loaded them 
again, and fired at a sheet of paper for half an hour, 
without putting a grain in it — got to Smith's at dusk, 
and discharged our pieces in the air before we went in 
— had something to eat and drink, then setoff for the 
city, and squibbed all the way, as long as the powder 

Got home much fatigued with the day's sport, and 
told a thousand lies about (he birds we killed, and the 
presents we made of them; smoked oui pipes, and by 
twelve o'clock got to bed. 



Can man too highly prize, or too generously shel- 
ter the dog? That animal, gifted by nature with the 
most interesting qualities; that animal, whose vigilance 
protects us, whose humility interests us, whose fidelity 
may sometimes shame us : there is, perhaps, no virtue 
which the breath of civilization may expand or ramify 
in the breast of a human being, but what may be 
found, with inferior energy, in the instinct of the dog; 
with inferior energy, because he is not endowed with 
all those inlets to perfection, which characterize his 
imperious master ! The two following anecdotes may 
be added to that long list of honourable examples, 
which testify the virtues of the canine race ; they are 
both founded on facts, and the latter is literally tran- 
scribed, from a writer of respectability. 

The gamekeeper of the Rev. Mr. Corsellis had rear- 
ed a spaniel, which was his constant attendant, both' 
by night and day ; whenever old Daniel appeared, 
Dash was close beside him, and the dog was of infinite 
use in his nocturnal excursions. The game at that 
season, he never regarded, although in the day time 
no spaniel would find it. in a better style, or in greater 
quantity; but if at night, a strange foot had entered 
any of the coverts, Dash, by a significant whine, in- 
formed his master that the enemy were abroad; and 
many poachers have been detected and caught from this 
singular intelligence. After many years friendly con- 
nection, old Daniel was seized with a disease, which 
terminated in a consumption, and his death: whilst 
t! e slow, but fatal, progress of his disorder, allowed 
him to crawl about, Dash, as usual, followed his foot- 


steps, and when nature was still further exhausted, and 
he look to his bed, at the foot of it unwearily attended 
the faithful animal; and when he died, the dog would 
not quit the body, but lay upon the bed by its side. It 
was with difficulty he was tempted to eat any food; 
and although after the burial he was taken to the hall, 
and caressed with all the tenderness which so fond an 
attachment naturally called forth, he took every op- 
portunity to steal back to the room in the cottage, 
where his old master breathed his last: here he would 
remain for hours, and from thence he daily visited his 
grave; but at the end of fourteen days, notwithstand- 
ing every kindness and attention shewn him, he died 
literally broken-hearted. 

A few days before the overthrow of Robespierre, a 
revolutionary tribunal had condemned Monsieur R. 
an ancient magistrate, and a most estimable man, on a 
pretence of finding him guilty of a conspiracy. Mr. 
R. had a water-spaniel, at that time about twelve 
years old, which had been brought up by hirn, and had 
scarce ever quitted his side. Mr. R. was cast into 
prison, and in the silence of a living tomb he was left to 
pine in thought, under the iron scourge of the tyrant ; 
who, if he extended life to those whom his wantonness 
had proscribed, even until death became a prayer, it 
was only to tantalize them with the blessing of murder, 
•when he imagined he could more effectually torture 
them with the curse of existence. 

This faithful dog, however, was with him when he 
was first seized, but was not suffered to enter the , ri- 
son ; he took refuge with a neighbour of his late 
ter. But that posterity may jud^e clearly i 


imes in which Frenchmen existed at that period, it 
must be added, that this man received the poor dog 
trembling and in secret, lest bis humanity for his 
friend's dog should bring him to the scaffold. Every 
day at the same hour, the dog returned to the door of 
the prison, but was still refused admittance ; he, how- 
ever, uniformly passed some time there : such unremit- 
ted fidelity at last won even on the porter of a prison, and 
the dog was at length allowed to enter: the joy of both 
master and dog were mutual; it was difficult to sepa- 
rate them ; but the honest jailor, fearing for himself, 
carried the dog out of the prison ; the next morning,- 
however, he again came back, and once on each day 
afterwards was regularly admitted by the humane jai- 
lor. When the day of receiving sentence arrived, not- 
withstanding the guards which jealous power, conscious- 
of its dangers, stations around, the dog penetrated into 
the hall, and crouched himself between the legs of the 
unhappy roan, whom he was about to lose fop ever. 
The fatal hour of execution arrives, the doors open, his 
dog receives him at the threshold ! his faithful dog 
alone, even under the eye of the tyrant, dared to own a 
dying friend ! he clings to his hand undaunted ! Alas I 
that hand will never more be spread upon thy head r 
poor dog ! exclaimed the condemned : the axe falls,, 
but the tender adherent cannot leave the body ; the 
earth receives it, and the mourner spreads himself on 
the grave, where he passed the first night, the next day, 
and the second night. The neighbour meantime un- 
happy at not seeing the dog, and guessing the asylum 
he hac! chosen, steals forth by night, and finding him, 
caresses and br ngs him. back. The good man tries 
every way thai kindness could devise to make him eat i 


but in a short time the dog escaping, regained his fa- 
vorite place. Every morning, for three months, the 
mourner returned to his protector, merely to receive 
his food, and then went back to the ashes of his dead 
master! and each day he was more sad, more meagre, 
and more languishing. 

His protector at length endeavoured to wean him ; 
he tied him; but what manacle is there that can ulti- 
mately triumph over nature ? He broke or bit through 
his bonds, again returned to the grave, and never 
quitted it more ! It was in vain that all kind means 
were used to bring him back ; even the humane jailor 
assisted to take him food, but he would eat no longer ! 
for four and twenty hours he was absolutely observed 
to employ (O force of genuine love !) his weakened 
limbs in digging up the earth that separated him from 
the being he had served ; affection gave him strength, 
but his efforts were too vehement for his powers: his 
whole frame became convulsed; he shrieked in his 
struggles; his attached and generous heart gave way, 
and he ceased to breathe, with his last look turned 
upon the grave, as if he knew he had found, and again 
should be permitted to associate with his master; and 
that his 

" Faithful dog should bear him company. " 


In the month of December, 1-SOO, a match was to 
have been run over Doncaster course for one hundred 
guineas, but one of the horses having been drawn, a 
mare started alone, that by running the ground she 


might insure the wager; when having run about on© 
mile of the four, she was accompanied by a greyhound 
bitch, who joined her from the side of the course, and 
emulatively entering into the competition, continued 
to race with the mare the other three miles, keeping 
nearly head and head, affording an excellent treat to 
the field, by the energetic exertions of each. At pas- 
sing the distance-post five to four'was betted in favour 
of the greyhound ; when parallel with the stand, it was 
even betting, and any person might have taken his- 
choice for five or ten; the mare, however, had the ad- 
vantage by a head at the termination* 


In the church-yard of Pelton, near Barnstaple in Devonshire* 

Here lies John Hayne, who died the 18th of January, 1797, 

in the 40th year of his age, much regretted by his master, William 

Barber, of Tremmington, Esq. to whom he was a faithful servant 

twenty-five years. 

'Tis done ; the last great debt of nature's paid, 

And Hayne among the numerous dead is laid ! 

O'er hills and dales, thro' woods, o'er mountains, rocks, 

With keenest ardour he pursued the fox j 

Heedless of danger, stranger to dismay, 

Dauntless thro' obstacles he held his way ; 

But now alas ! no more his bosom beats, 

Higli m the chase, forgotten are his feats ; 

J I is jii dour boots him not, for there are bounds, 

Ne'er overleap'd by huntsmen, horse, or hounds; 

Here was his course arrested, — then draw near, 

Sons of the chase, and drop the piteous tear ; 

Now, o'er his tomb whilst you impassion'd bend, 

And pensive think of your departed friend ; 

Repeat the tale, conveyed in simple strain, 

And sighing say, '< Here lies poor honetf Hayne."~ 



Some years ago, an action was brought against a 
gentleman at the bar, respecting a horse, on which he 
wanted to go the circuit. The horse was taken home, 
and his servant mounted him to shew his paces ; when 
he was on the animal's back he would not stir a step ; 
he tried to run him round and round, but all would not 
do, he was determined not to go the circuit. The 
horse-dealer was informed of the animal's obstinacy, 
and asked how he came to sell such a horse. — " Well, 
(said the dealer) it can't be helped, but I'll tell you 
what I'll do, give me back the horse and allow me five 
pounds, and we'll settle the affair." The barrister re- 
fused, and advised him to send the horse to be broke in 
by & rough rider. '■ Rough rider! (said the dealer) he 
has been to rough riders enough." — " How came you 
then to sell me a horse that would not go?" replied the 
barrister. — " I sold you a horse warranted sound — and 
sound he is; (said the dealer) but as to his going, I 
never thought he would go /" 

a just reply. 

The Duke Longueville's reply, when it was observed 
to him, that the gentlemen bordering on his estates 
were continually hunting upon them, and that he ought 
not to suffer it, is worthy of imitation: — " 1 had much 
rather (answered the duke) have friends than hares f 



The old Duke of Grafton had his hounds at Croy- 
don, and occasionally had foxes taken in Whittlebury 
Forest, and sent up in the venison cart to London ; the 
foxes thus brought, were carried the next hunting 
morning in a hamper behind the duke's' carriage, and 
turned down before the hounds, in the course of this 
plan, a fox was taken from a coppice in the forest, and 
forwarded as usual. Some time after a fox was caught 
in the same coppice, whose size and appearance was so 
strikingly like that got at the same spot, that the keep- 
ers suspected it was the fox they had been in possession 
of before, and directed the man who took him to Lon- 
don to enquire whether the fox hunted on such a day 
was killed or escaped ; the latter having been the case,, 
the suspicion of the keepers were strengthened. Some 
short time after, a fox was again caught in the same 
coppice, which those concerned in the taking were as- 
sured was the fox they had bagged twice before; to be, 
however, perfectly able to identify their old acquaint- 
ance, should another opportunity offer, previous to his 
third journey to town, he had one ear slit, and some 
-holes punched through the other. With these marks 
he was dispatched to London, was again hunted and 
escaped, and within a very few weeks was retaken in 
the same coppice; when his marks justified the keep- 
er's conjectures, in spite of the seeming improbability 
of the fact. It is with some concern, that the conclu- 
sion of this singular account is added, which termi- 
nates in the death of poor Reynard, who was killed af-. 
ter a very severe chase, bearing upon him the signals 


of his former escapes, and which ought to have enti- 
tled him to that lenity and privilege which was for- 
merly granted to a stag, who had beat his royal pur- 


A stag was once hunted from Wingfield Park, in the 
county of Westmoreland, until by fatigue, or by acci- 
dent, the whole pack was thrown out, except two fox* 
hounds, bred by Lord Thanet, who continued the chase 
during the greater part of the day. The stag returned 
to the park from whence it had been driven, and as a 
last effort, leapt the wall, and died as soon as he had 
accomplished it. One of the hounds ran to the wall, 
but being unable to get over it, laid down and almost 
immediately expired: the other , was found dead 
about half a mile from the park. The length of this 
chase is uncertain, but as they were seen at Red-Kirks, 
in Scotland, distant by the post-road about forty-six 
miles, it is conjectured that the circuitous course they 
took could not amount to less than one hundred and 
twenty miles ! 


The souls of deceased bailiffs and common consta- 
bles are in the bodies of' setting dogs and pointers; the 
terriers are inhabited by trading justices; the blood- 
hounds were formerly a set of informers, thief-takers, 
and false evidences j the spaniels were heretofore cour- 
tiers, hangeis-on of administration, and hack journal 
writers, all of whom maintain their primitive 


of fawning on their feeders, licking their hands, and 
snarling and snapping at all who offer to offend their 
masters; a former train of gamblers and black-legs are 
now embodied in that species of dogs called lurchers : 
bulldogs and mastiffs were once butchers and drovers: 
greyhounds and hounds owe their animation to country 
squires and fox hunters; little whiffling, useless lap 
dogs, draw their existence from the quondam beau; 
macaronies and gentlemen of the tippy still remaining 
the playthings of ladies, and used for their diversion. 
There are also a set of sad dogs, derived from attornies 
and puppies, who were in times past attornies* clerks, 
shopmen to retail haberdashers, men-milliners, &c. 
Turnspits are animated by old aldermen, who still en- 
joy the smell of the roast meat; that droning, snarling 
species, stiled Dutch pugs, have been fellows of col- 
leges; and that faithful useful tribe of shepherds' dogs 
were, in days of yore, members of parliament, who 
guarded the flock, and protected the sheep from wolves, 
and thieves, although indeed, of late, some have turn- 
ed sheep-biters, and worried those they ought to have 


The following bond, given for breaking of a setter, shews the price 

of such labour upwards of a century ago, aucl the 

nature of the contract to perform it. 

Ribbesford, Oct. 7, 3685. 

" I, John Harris, of Wildore, in the parish of 
Hartlebury, in the county of Worcester, yeoman, for 
and in consideration of ten shillings of lawful English 
money, this day received of Henry Hurbert, ofRibbes» 



ford, in the said county, Esq. and of thirty shillings more 
of the like money by him promised to be hereafter paid 
me, do hereby covenant and promise to and with the said 
Henry Hurbert, his executors and administrators, that 
I will, from the day of the date hereof, until the first 
day of March next, well, and sufficiently maintain and 
keep a Spanish bitch, named Quand> this day delivered 
into my custody by the said Henry Hurbert, and will 
before the said first day of March next, fully and ef- 
fectually train up and teach the said bitch to set par- 
tridges, pheasants, and other game, as well and exact- 
ly as the best setting dogs usually set the same. And 
the said bitch, so trained and taught, I shall and will 
deliver to the said Henry Hurbert, or to whom he 
shall appoint to receive her, at his house in Ribbesford, 
aforesaid, on the first day of March next. And if at 
any time after the said bitch shall, for want of use or 
practice, forget to get game as aforesaid, I will at my 
costs and charges maintain her for a month, or longer, 
as often as need shall require, to train up and teach her 
to set game, as aforesaid, and shall and will fully and 
effectually teach her to set game, as well and exactly 
as is above mentioned. 

" Witness my hand and seal the day and year first 
above written. 

John Harris his X mark. 

" Sealed and delivered in the presence of 

H. Payne his X mark/' 





[The pro} \ of the Rev. Dr. Worsley, of Gatcomb, in the Isle of 
Wight, Related by H -y C -g, Esq.] 

Errors, like straws, upon the surface flow; 
He who would seek for pearls, must dive below. 


Man, in the fulness of his imaginary consequence, 
has presumed to assert that there is no creature in the 
universe possesses reason but himself. If this be a true 
position, how frequent may he behold in the less fa- 
voured animals, actions, that may put his rationality 
to the blush, and faculties,, . only called instinctive, 'to 
remind human presumption of its own insufficiency ! 

Some authors, and those of no mean consideration, 
have learnedly maintained, that if we must admit of a 
difference, the portion is often so slender, that a wise 
man hardly knows where to draw the line of demarca- 
tion. Our own immortal Milton was certainly posses- 
sed of this sentiment, when he composed the following 

Is not the earth with various 

Living creatures, and the air replenish'd ; and all these at 
Thy command to come and play before thee ? Knowest thou 
ISlot iheir language and their way ? They also know, and 
Reason not contemptibly. 

With these had pastime." ■*■ 

And now Aurora with the jocund hours, presented 
one of those lovely mornings, when softened by a pe- 
culiar serenity, every being that has pulsation rejoices, 


with the vegetation that surround it. The sun had 
just exhaled the dews of night when i quitted my inn, 
and having refreshed myself at the milk-house on 
Node's Hill,* resolved on a trip to Chele-Bay, and the 
south-westerly parts of this delectable island : so, like 
the Peripatetics of old, took my staff, and pursued my 
journey with no other companion but the rural muse. 
At Gatcomb, about two miles west of Newport, a 
fine black dog, powdered with large white spots, and 
of the greyhound breed, came across the field from his 
master's house towards me, swift as an arrow from the 
bow of an archer ; he presented his nose, pricked up 
his ears, and wagged his tail, while, with the most sig- 
nificant look I had ever beheld, seemed to say — " Let 
me be your companion, you will not disapprove my 
friendship." I encouraged my new acquaintance for 
his partiality towards me, and consented to comply 
with his solicitations, for I had frequently found the 
whimsicality of the canine reasoner, and his playful en- 
deavours to divert, more agreeable to me than the ri- 
diculous frivolity of our own species. We therefore 
set off together in the most friendly manner, and pre- 
sently became as familiar, as if our acquaintance had 
been of a long standing; and he did every thing with 
me but talk. If a robin perched upon a bramble 
bough, he flew forwards to look into the matter ; and 

* The French having attempted to force Caresbrook Castle, 
defended by Sir Hugh Tyrrel, were cat off by an ambuscade, in 
a lane, which still bears the name of Deadman's Lane: and the 
tumuli, where the slain were buried, was called Hoddit's-Hill, 
now corrupted to Node's-Hi'l. 


when any thing appeared, having human consistency, 
my new friend returned with the greatest precipitance 
to warn me of the thing, and put me on my guard. 
When he came to a runlet of water, he would stay to 
3ap of the current, and, turning up his brilliant eyes, 
most tenderly seemed to say— " Companion, if thou 
art thirsty, here thou mayest slake thy craving, like me, 
to the lull of thy wishes." To be brief my dog was my 
prime minister, and performed his duty in that capa- 
city with more credit to himself than many moderns 
who fill that exalted station; for he never led me to 
act wrong, nor forced me, through false representa- 
tions, to perform projects prejudicial to the interest of 
those who looked up to me for comfort and protec- 
tion; he had no piivate motive to gratify, nor could I 
accuse him of the smallest peculation : on the con- 
trary, he was a most penetrating companion upon dis- 
interested principles, my playful associate, determined 
defender, and my accomplished friend. And thus we 
journeyed together, communicating reciprocal caresses, 
until we arrived at the White Horse at Niton, near the 
sea; a village celebrated for its prodigious crabs and 
delicious oysters. I entered the mansion with an in- 
tent to solace myself and companion, but the good wo- 
man of the refectory assured me her husband was gone 
with his fish to Southampton, and she had not so much 
as a lobster left behind. At this disagreeable news, I 
found myself obliged to go farther a-field, so resolved 
to pass over the high downs of St. Catherine* for 

* St. Catherine's chapel, on Chele Downs, was founded by 
Walter Gadyton, in 3323. 


dele-Bay . As I turned over the stile at Niton, my good 
friend seemed more attentive than I had before observ- 
ed him. I had reason to apprehend his distress arose 
from my disappointment, and I endeavoured to rouse 
him to more playful measures. At length, as if awa- 
kened by some pleasing recollection, he raised his ears 
and darted across the Downs; in a few minutes I 
heard something cry like a tortured child, it was a fine 
wild rabbit my friend had taken, and when he had de- 
prived it of life, brought his game and laid it at my 
feet, and again turning his eyes pleasantly towards me, 
seemed to articulate thus — " There, fellow-traveller, 
though you were deprived of a meal at the White Horse 
at Niton, I have provided one on the Downs of St. 
Catherine ; take it, and refresh thy weary spirits." I 
took the rabbit by the heels, caressed my new friend in 
need, and we went merribly over the downs and rocks 
together, till we arrived at the old stone-church by the 
bay side, which, with the bays of Brixton and Fresh- 
water, form one dreadful coast, from Broken End to 
the Needle Rocks. 

Reflecting on the dangers of the sea- worn mariners, 
I left these tremendous heights, and with my playful 
dog tripped to the green by the church, entered a 
pleasant house called the Spaniard, and there found 
an excellent repast. 

Think'st thou thro' life to drink thy cur>all sweet, 
Thou'rt wrong ; some bilters in the bev'rage meet. 
And this is right ; since every age agrees. 
Without its bitters, not a sweet shall please. 

I omitted to observe, as I passed Chele, with the 
rabbit in my hand, and the dog by my side, I overtook 
-a being they call at this place a gentleman-farmer, witk 

N 2 


a fowling-piece. He seemed to regard meand my friend 
with a surly aspect. I moved my hat, but he returned 
not the motion. Just as I had finished my comforta- 
ble meal, 1 heard the report of a gun ; I looked round 
for my dog, but saw him not, he had strayed to the 
village green. I leaped up and flew to the door, when 
a rustic lad told me the gun was fired by Farmer 

•\y v? at a black dog, for running after his lambs. 

I instantly concluded the death of my kind companion 
had been effected by the same surly thing we passed in 
the lane. 

I could have sighed at the dissolution of a common 
acquaintance, but had a tear ready for my generous 
and playful quadruped. " If ever the farmer (said I 
with warmtn) should arrive at the bar of judgment, 
may he, who is the founder of mercy, remind him 
of the murder; and may he be forced to acknow- 
ledge, with contrition, that when he slew my honest 
companion he took away the life of a being pos- 
sessed of more philanthropy than himself." Such 
was my affection for this kind creature; and the man 
of mercy will pardon my exclamation. It is a poor 
and pitiful benevolence, that doth not extend beyond 
our own species : limited to that narrow sphere, it will 
daily counteract itself as we advance in life, until it be- 
comes entirely confined to ourselves, and as shrivelled, 
cold, and forlorn, as flinty avarice in the shades of its 
detested obscurity. 

I had scarce made an end of my reflections, when 

I beheld my dog enter unhurt ! The farmer had mis- 

, sed his aim ; and, that we might not run the risk of 

another attack, my friend and I left the inhospitable 

shores of Chele. 


Unwilling to return the way we came, I took the 
road to Chillerton ; and my fellow-traveller continued 
as entertaining as before; we went merrily on till we 
arrived at the back gate of Gatcombe-house ; the dog 
knew his home, and, as if sensible of the impropriety 
of proceeding, in the most tender manner caressed me, 
and bid me farewell; then darting through his master's 
grounds, leaped the pales, and disappeared. 

How shall we account for so much knowledge, fore- 
sight, and friendship, in what we call the brute ? May 
not this be suggested as a solution : the dog is capable 
of discriminating the imports of sounds, as well as man, 
and, of course, is competent to observe upon the ac- 
tions of those with whom he is familiar ; at least, I 
found those principles in the subject of my eulogium, 
whose friendship I shall never forget, and with whom I 
should again be happy to find such rational pastime ! 


Lady Da re all was the only child of a gentle- 
man of large fortune, in Hampshire, who was a perfect 
Nimrod in the chase; he was doatingly fond of her, 
having no son to initiate into his favorite pursuits, or 
to participate with him in the pleasures of hunting and 
shooting; seeing his daughter a fine robust girl, he de- 
termined to bring her up in the place of one, and, as 
she had strong animal spirits, great muscular strength, 
and rude health, she preferred partaking of the field 
sports of her father, to the lessons of the French go- 
verness and dancing- master, or being confined to work 
at the tambour-frame of her mother ; in spite of 
n 3 


whose gentle remonstrances, Mr. Hawthorn, aided by 
-the inclinations of his romping daughter, vowed he 
would have bis plan of educalion adopted. 

In consequence, at fifteen, she would take the most 
desperate leaps, and clear a five-barred gate with the 
keenest fox-hunter in the county. She was always in 
at the death ; was reckoned the best shot within a hun- 
dred miles ; for having once levelled her death-dealing 
tube, the fate of the feathered tribe was inevitable, as 
the spoils she exultingly displayed> sufficiently testi- 
fied, when she turned out her net to her admiring fa- 

At seventeen, Harriet Hawthorn, early habituated to 
exercise, had never felt the baleful curse of ill-health, 
that extermination of every comfort. Her height was 
five feet eight; her person finely formed : she had a 
commanding and majestic appearance. From the free- 
dom of her education which had banished mauxaht 
honte, she had acquired a firm tone of voice, an impres- 
sive manner of delivering her sentiments, which, if it did 
aot always carry conviction to her auditors, helped to 
awe them into silence. Her complexion was that oia 
bright brunette; on her cheeks glowed the rich tints 
of health, laid on by Aurora, as she hailed the rosy- 
fingered goddess's approach on the upland lawn. Her 
eyes were of the darkest hazel, full of fire and intelli- 
gence ; ber nose Grecian; her hair a glossy chesnut, 
which flowed in luxuriant profusion upon her fine 
formed vshoulders, in all its native graces, as she never 
would consent to its being tortured into the fantastic 
forms dictated by the ever- varying goddess, Fashion, 
to her votaries. 
Her mind partook of the energies of her body, it was 


strong, nervous, and masculine ; she had a quick per- 
ception of character, and a lively wit, which she ex* 
pressed in flowing and animated language ; unused 
from early life to restraint, she never could be induced 
to put any on her words and actions* but had, to the 
present moment, done and said whatever struck her 
fancy, heedless of the world's opinion, which she treat- 
ed with the most sovereign contempt. 

At the period we have mentioned, she met at a fox- 
chase, Sir Barry Dareall, a handsome young man, just 
come of age, with whom she was charmed, by seeing 
him take a most desperate leap, in which none but her- 
self had the courage to follow him. Mutually pleased 
with each other's powers, from that time they became 
constant companions ; they hunted, shot, and played 
b:ick -gammon together. 

At this crisis the lovers were divided, by Squire Haw- 
thorn being ordered to Bath by his physicians, after 
having had a severe fit of his old enemy, the gout, in 
his stomach. To expel this foe to man, from the seat 
of life to the extremities, he was sent to drink the wa- 
ters of Bladud's fount, though, in the squire's opinion, 
old Madeira would have been much more pleasant, and 
of equal utility ; but the faculty persisted, and he was 
compelled to yield. He would not go without his dar- 
ling Harriet, deprived of whose society he could not 
exist a single day. 

This was Miss Hawthorn's first introduction to the 
fashionable world, except at an assize, a race, or an 
election ball. It was all, to her, new and wonderful ; 
she was at first amused by the novelty and splendour of 
the gay city of Bath, that emporium of cards, scandal, 
and ceremony. With her ideas of free-agency, she 
N 4, 


was soon disgusted with the painful restraint imposed 
on her by the latter; wild as the wind, and unconfined 
as air, she soon bid defiance to rule and order, deter* 
mined to please herself just as she used to do at Bram- 
ble-Hall. In consequence of this wise resolve, she 
would mount her favourite blood-horse, gallop over 
Claverton Downs for a breathing before breakfast — 
leap off at the pump-room — dash in — charge up the 
ranks between yellow-faced spinsters and gouty par- 
sons, to the terror of the lame and decrepid — toss 
down a glass of water— quite forget the spur with which 
she always rode — entangled it in the fringe of some 
fair Penelope's petticoat, who, in knotting it, had be- 
guiled many a love-lorn hour, which this fair eques- 
trian demolished in a moment, paying not the least 
attention to the comments her behaviour occasioned 
the company to make, such as — " How vastly disagree- 
able—monstrous rude — quite brutish — only a fit com- 
panion for her father's hounds— I wonder how her mo- 
ther, who is really a very polite bred woman, can 
think of letting her loose without a muzzle!" To au- 
dible whispers, like these, Miss Hawthorn either laugh- 
ed contemptuously ; or as her wit was keen and point- 
ed, she made the retort courteous, and by her sarcasms 
soon silenced her antagonists. 

At the balls, she paid asjrttle attention to prece- 
dence and order, as she did to ceremony in the pump- 
room ; in vain the master of the ceremonies talked 
" about it, and about it ;" in vain he looked sour, or se- 
rious. She laughed in his face — advised him to des- 
cend from his altitude, that only made him look queer 
and quizzical; then walked to the top of the room, 
takes her place upon those seats held sacred for nobi- 


Jity, that were not to be contaminated by plebeians. 
In vain the elected sovereign of etiquette, talked of his 
delegated authority, and remonstrated against her en- 
croachments, as indecorous and improper. The men 
supported her in all these freaks ; the women, afraid 
of her satirical powers, only murmured their disappro- 

The males were all charmed with the graceful beauty 
of her person, and the wild playful eccentricities of her 
manners: she was the toast and admiration of Batb r 
under the appellation of — " La Belle Sauiage." The fe- 
males concealed the envy they felt at this new rival cf 
their charms, under a pretended disgust of her unfe- 
mnized manners and masculine pursuits; while she 
felt and expressed a perfect contempt of their trifling 
avocations : and used to say they were pretty auto- 
matons, whose minds were as imbecile as their per- 

Tired of the dull routine of fashionable follies, as the 
pleasure of surprising the crowd lost their novelty, 
Miss Hawthorn sighed for the time that was to restore 
her to her early habits. Of all the men that fluttered 
round, praised her charms, and vowed themselves her 
devoted adorers, she saw none that could stand in com- 
petition or dispute her heart, with her favourite com-' 
panion in the chase ; the manly, bold, and adventu- 
rous Sir Harry Dareall. 

Her father, who, by drinking the waters, had expel- 
led the gout from his stomach to his feet, and was con~ 
tent to accept a prolongt-d existence through n t- me- 
dium of excruciating torments, could not, till pro- 
nounced by the taculty to be in a state ot convales- 
cence, remove to B,ramble-Hall. Miss Hawthorn 
H 5- 


obliged to remain in a place of which she was heartily 
tired, sought amusement in her own way ; nor gave 
herself trouble what the company, with whom, to 
oblige her mother, she associated, thought of her ac- 

At length Mr. Hawthorn, with his family, left Bath, 
and returned to Bramble Hall, where he soon received 
a visit from Sir Harry Dareall, who made overtures to 
the old gentleman of marrying his blooming Harriet. 
Mr, Hawthorn discovered the pleasure with which she 
received the baronet's proposal ; accepted the offer 
with as much eagerness as it was made, by the intend- 
ed son-in-law ; and as the estates joined, and their 
pursuits were so congenial, every one pronounced it a 
good match. 

Soon after Sir Harry received the hand of the 
blooming Harriet from her father; after which the 
new married pair, with a splendid retinue, set off for 
Leveret Lodge, the seat of Sir Harry, who, with the 
old-fashioned hpspitality of his progenitors, ordered 
open-house to be kept for his tenants and dependants. 
The October brewed at bis birth, and preserved for this 
joyous occasion, was now poured out in liberal pota- 
tions, and drank to the health of the bride and bride- 
groom ; an ox was roasted whole in the park, and the 
plumb-pudding of our hardy sires smoaked on the fes- 
tive board. This rural fete, in the old English style, 
lasted a week. 

Let us now follow Lady Dareall, and note her entree 
into the great world. Aided by the advantages of 
youth, beauty, fortune, fashion, and consequence, the 
admiration of the men, the envy of the women, and 
the gaae of the multitude. Through the entreaties and 


remonstrances of her husband and friends, she allowed 
herself to be presented at court, to have a box at the 
opera, and so far to comply with the fashionable cir- 
cles, to which she had been introduced, as to attend 
their routs, and give them at her own house; but these 
were not the amusements congenial to her mind, and 
she determined that, as she yielded to her husband's 
inclinations in town, she would live to please herself 
in the country. For this purpose she kept a pack of 
fox-hounds, that were reckoned the stanchest in the 
country; her stud was in the highest condition; her 
pointers excellent ; and the partridges felt she had not' 
forgot to take a good aim. 

Obliged, by fashion's law, to pass some of the winter 
months in London every year, she soon threw off the 
restraint that tyrant custom imposes on the sex : amu- 
sed herself by riding her favourite blood horse, Tar- 
quin, against the male equestrians in Hyde-Park, or 
driving her phaeton with four fleet coursers in hand, 
through all the fashionable streets, turning a corner to 
an inch, to the wonder, and terror of her beholders. 
The ladies, who were constantly hearing her admired 
by the men, for her prowess, and venturous feats of 
horsemanship, rinding Lady Dareall was quite the 
rage, sickened with envy ; determining, as they could 
not persuade her to follow their fashions, they would 
aspire to imitate hers. . 

From hence we may date the'era of women venturing 
their pretty necks in a fox-chase, shooting flying, and 
becoming female-charioteers, to rival the celebrity of 
the fair huntress, who was at the head of the haut-ton, 
with all these dashing ladies; and we had Dareall : 

' " N 6 


riding-hats, Dareall boots and spurs, and Dareall sad- 
dles ! 

When Lady Dareall had been married about four- 
teen years, she had the misfortune to lose her husband, 
who was thrown from his horse during a fox-chase, and 
fractured his skull, by attempting a desperate leap. 
His beloved lady, who had cleared it a few moments 
before, saw the accident, immediately sprung from her 
horse, and, while she sent for a surgeon, and a carriage, 
no house being nigh the spot where the accident hap- 
pened, she threw herself on the ground by his side, and 
laying his bleeding head on her lap, shed a torrent of 
genuine tears, over the only man she ever loved. He 
was unable to speak, but seemed sensible of her tender 
sorrow: for he feebly pressed her hand, and before any 
assistance arrived expired in her arms. 

She mourned for hitn with unfeigned sorrow; her 
u occupation seemed to be gone ;" her horses fed 
quietly in their stables, while for the space of three 
months the hounds slept in their kennels, and she wore 
a black riding-habit for six. But time, which amelio- 
rates the keenest anguish, and reconciles us to all 
things, aided by the conviction we cannot recal the te- 
nants of the tomb, failed not to pour its lenient balm 
into her wounded bosom; and Lady Dareall " was. 
herself again/' 

Sir Harry left an only son, by this lady, the present 
Sir John Dareall, who, following the example of his 
father and mother, we see him now at the pinnacle of 
fashion, a Nimrod in the chase, a Jehu in London 
streets, a jockey riding his own matches at Newmarket,, 
a bore at the opera, and a pigeon at the ladies' faro- 


tables! But lie is a mixed character: he seeks cele- 
brity by mixing with men of quality and fashion ; to 
gain the reputation of being one himself, he imitates all 
their follies, though they are not the sort from which,, 
by inclination, he is enabled to receive any pleasure; 
for this he associates with the wives and daughters of 
needy nobility, with whom his money will compensate 
for his manners, though, did he give the sensations of 
his heart fair play, he would mix among the buxom 
daughters of his fox-hunting neighbours." 

To gratify his desire for fame, he will draw straws 
for hundreds, race maggots for thousands ; has a cha- 
riot, built by Leader, in which he never rides; keeps 
an opera-dancer, whom he seldom sees : but this is to 
give him eclat with the fashionable world, and stamp 
him as a man of high ton ! for, to indulge his real 
taste, he steals in a hackney-coach to the embraces of 
his dear Betsey Blossom, once the dairy-maid of his mo- 
ther, but now his mistress, in a snug lodging in Mary - 
lebone, whom he admires for the vulgar, but native, 
charms of rosy cheeks, white teeth, and arms as blue 
as a bilberry. 

Lady Dareall, his mother, at the present period is 
not yet forty, though she appears much older; for she 
is grown robust. Her complexion is dyed of the 
deepest bronze, occasioned by living so much on 
horseback, and exposing herself to the warring ele- 
ments in all seasons ; for the burning sun, or the pelt- 
ing storm, deter her not from her accustomed avoca- 
tions. By her management of herself she is so truly 
case-hardened, that she sets coughs, colds, and sore 
throats, at defiance! 

She rises at day-break, plunges directly into a cold 


bath, makes a meat breakfast, then mounts her fleet 
mare, and, according to the season either hunts, shoots, 
or courses till dinner. After having visited her stud* 
sits down at back-gammon with the vicar; but if she 
has a visitor that can play, she prefers her favourite 
game, chess. 

But though she has done every thing to preserve her 
health, and destroy her beauty, she is still a fine wo- 
man, and remains a favourite of the neighbouring gen- 
tlemen; is their companion infield-sports, and often 
entertains with a dinner the members of the hunt in 
the vicinity. 


Pliny relates, that at Argos, a goose was enamour- 
ed of a fair boy, named Henus, and also of a damsel, 
called Glauce, who was a skilful player on the lute; in 
this latter attachment he had a rival in a ram ! Lacy- 
das, the philosopher, had the honour of a gooses love+ 
so ardent, that it never left him night or day; and he- 
was goose enough, at the death of his favourite, to have 
the creature buried magnificently. The affection of 
geese, in these later days, have apparently taken a dif- 
ferent direction, and, like other experienced lovers* 
have evinced their passion for old. women. As an in- 
stance, an aged blind woman, of a village in .Germany, 
used to be led every Sunday to church by a gander* 
taking hold of her gown with his bill; when he had in- 
troduced her to her seat, he always retired to graze in 
the church-yard, and no sooner was the congregation- 
dismissed, but he returned to his duty, and led het' 


home. One day the pastor called at the house of the 
party, and expressing his surprize to the daughter of 
her mother being out—" Oh, sir, (said the girl) we 
are not afraid of trusting her out, for the gander is 
with her! 


Mr. Hawkes, farmer, of Hailing, returning much 
intoxicated from Maidstone market, with his dog, 
when the whole face of the country was covered with 
snow, mistook his path, and leaped over a ditch on his 
right hand, towardsthe river; fortunately he was una- 
ble to get up the bank, or he would have fallen into 
the Medway, at nearly high water. Overcome with 
liquor, Hawkes fell amongst the snow, in one of 
the coldest nights ever remembered ; turning on his 
back, he was soon asleep ; his dog scratched the snow 
from about him, and then mounted upon the body, 
rolled himself round, and laid him on his master's bo- 
som, for which his shaggy hide proved a seasonable 
covering. In this state, with snow falling all the while, 
the farmer and his dog lay the whole night: in the 
morning a Mr. Finch, who was out with his gun, per- 
ceiving an uncommon appearance, proceeded towards 
it; at his appearance the dog got off the body, shook 
the snow from him, and, by significant actions, encou- 
raged Mr. Finch to advance. Upon wiping the snow 
from the face, his person was immediately recognized, 
and was conveyed to the first house, when a pulsation 
in the heart being perceptible, the necessary means to 
recover him were employed, and in a short time 


Hawkes was able to relate his own story.* In gratitude 
to his faithful friend, a silver collar was made for his 
wearing, and thus inscribed : — 

In man true friendship I long strove to find 

But miss'd my aim ; 
At length 1 found it in my dog most kind j 

Man! blush for shame. 


When hounds are at a check, the huntsman should 
not move his horse either one way or the other. 
Hounds lean naturally towards the scent, and if no- 
thing be said, will soon recover it; if a hound is spoken 
to at such a time, calling him by his name (which is too 
much practised) he seldom fails (observes Mr. Beck- 
ford) to look up, as much as to say, what the deuce do 
you want f Had he ihe faculty of speech, he would add, 
before he stooped to the scent again — " You fool, let 
me alone" When hounds are at fault, not a word 
should be said; no other tongue should be heard but 
that of a hound, and so inflexible was a friend of Mr. 
Beckford's, who kept harriers, in this particular, that 
a gentleman accidentally coughing while his hounds 
were at fauh, he rode up to him immediately and 
said — " / wish, sir, xvith all my heart your cough was 

* From this interesting fact were derived ihe materials for th*. 
Prologue to the Wheel of Fcrtune. I'd. 



To shew you the peculiar manner in which greyhounds are trained 

to pursue their game in some countries, the following 

description of their use in the Island of Cyprus 

may not be uninteresting. 

" Lv this place (says the author) I had the pleasure 
of seeing a Cyprian hunting, or coursing match, and 
that at which I was present was none of the least bril- 
liant, as it was the governor's. Having arrived at a 
spacious plain, interspersed with clumps of mulberry- 
trees, some ruins, and thick bushes, the sportsmen be- 
gan to form a ring, in order to inclose the game. The 
barrier consisted of guards on horseback, with dogs 
placed in the intervals. The ladies of the greatest 
distinction in Nicosia, with a multitude of other peo- 
ple, stood upon a little hill, which I ascended also. 
The governor and his suite were posted in different 
parts of the plain, and as soon as the appointed mo- 
ment arrived, the hunt was opened with the sound of 
musical instruments; part of the dogs were then let 
loose, which, ranging through the bushes and under- 
wood, sprung a great number of quails, partridges, and 
woodcocks. The governor began the sport by bringing 
down one of these birds, his suite followed his exam- 
ple, and the winged tribe, into whatever quarter they 
flew, were sure of meeting with instant death. I was 
struck with the tranquillity of the stationary dogs, for, 
notwithstanding the instinct by which they were spur- 
red on, not one of them quitted his post; but the rest 
ran about in pursuit of the game. The scene was soon 
changed, a hare started up from a bush, the dogs pur- 


sued, and while ihe former made a thousand turnings iii 
order to escape, she every where found an opponent : 
she however, often defeated the greyhounds; and I ad* 
mired* in such cases, the sagacity of these animals, which 
disdaining the assistance of those that were young and 
inexperienced, consequently liable to be deceived, wait- 
ed until some of the cunning old ones opened the way 
for them, and then the whole plain was in motion : 
when the poor animal was just ready to become a prey 
to its enemies, the governor rushed forward, and 
throwing a stick which he held in his hand before the 
greyhounds, they all stopped, and not one of them ven- 
tured to pass this signal. One of the swift greyhounds, 
being then let loose, pursued the hare, and having 
come up with it, carried it bach, and jumping upon the 
neck of the governor's horse, placed it before him. 
The governor took it in his arms, and delivering it to 
one of his officers, gave him orders, if it continued 
alive, to shut it up in his park, where he maintains a 
great many prisoners of the same kind. 1 admired, 
above all, the discipline of the greyhounds, and the 
humanity of the governor, who thought it his duty to 
preserve an animal which had afforded him s© muck 


Pity the sorrows of a poor old dog, 

Whose trembling limbs your helping hand require ; 

Permit her still to crawl about your house, 

Or rest contented near your kitchen fire* 


Oft' for your sDort I brush'd the morning dew 
Oft' rang'd the stubble where the partridge lay ; 
Well-pleas'd I labour'd ; — for I toil'd for you, 
Nor wish'd for respite till the setting day. 

With you my good old master, have I rov'd, 
Or up the hill, or down the murm'ring brook; 
When game was near, no joint about me mov'd r 
I strove to guess your wishes by your look. 

While you with busy care prepar'd the gun, 
I frisk'd and sported by my master's side, 
Obey'd with ready eye your sign to run, 
Yet still abhorr'd the thoughts of ranging wide, 

these were days, be they remember'd still, 
Pleas'd I review the moments that are past ; 

1 never hurt the gander by the mill, 
Nor saw the miller's wife stand all aghast. 

I never slunk from the good farmer'* vard j 
The tender chicken liv'd secure for roe ; 
Though hunger prest, I never thought it hard. 
Nor left you whistling underneath the tree. 

These days, alas ! no longer smile on me ; 
No more I snuff the morning's scented gale, 
No more I hear the gun with wonted glee, 
Or scour with rapture thro' the sedgy vale. 

For now old age relaxes all my frame, 
Un-nerves my limbs, and dims my feeble eyes j 
Forbids my once swift feet the road to fame, 
And the fond crust, alas ! untasted lies. 

Then take me to your hospitable fire, 
There let me dream of thousand coveys slain; 
There rest, till all the pow'rs of nature tire, 
Nor dread an age of misery and pairu 


Let me with Driver/ my old and faithful friend, 
Upon his bed of straw sigh out my days ; 
So blessings on your head shall still descend, 
And, well as pointer can, I'll sing your praise. 

. Pity the sorrows of your poor old Duce, 
Whose trembling limbs your helping hand require: 
Permit him still to crawl about your house, 
Or rest contented near your kitchen fire. 


A French officer, more remarkable for his birth 
and spirit than for his riches, had served the Venetian 
republic with great valour and fidelity for some years, 
but had not met with preferment adequate by any 
means to his merits. One day he waited on the illus- 
trissimo, whom he had often solicited in vain, but on 
whose friendship he had still some reliance. The re- 
ception he met with was cool and mortifying: the no- 
ble turned his back on the necessitous veteran, and 
left him to find his way to the street, through a suit of 
apartments magnificently furnished. He passed them, 
lost in thought, till casting his eyes on a sumptuous 
sideboard, where stood on a damask cloth, as a prepa- 
ration for a splendid entertainment, an invaluable col- 
lection of Venice glass, polished and formed to the 
highest degree of perfection : he took hold of a corner 
of the linen, and turning to a faithful English mastiff, 
who always accompanied him, said to the animal, in a 

A favourite horse. 


kind of absence of mind — " There, my poorold friend, 
you see how these scoundrels enjoy themselves, and 
yet see how we are treated!" The poor dog looked up 
in his master's face and wagged his tail, as if he under- 
stood him. The master walked on, but the mastiff, 
slackening his pace, and laying hold of the damask 
cloth with his teeth, at one hearty pull brought the 
whole sideboard to the ground, and deprived the inso- 
lent noble of his favourite exhibition of splendor] 


General Scott won oue of his many thousands 
at Newmarket, by the following wager : — Just as his 
horse was about to start for a sweepstakes, Mr. Pau- 
ton called out to him — " General, I'll lay you a thou- 
sand guineas your horse is neither first nor last." The 
general accepted the bet; immediately gave directions 
to his rider; his horse came in hist, and he claimed the 
money. Mr. Panton objected to payment, because 
the general had spoken to his rider ; but the Jockey 
Club held, that the bet was laid not upon the chance 
of the place in which the horse would come, if the ri- 
der was uninformed of it, but upon the opinion that he 
had not speed enough to be first, nor tractability enough 
to be brought in last. 


The penetrating eye of reflection may often disco- 
ver strong resemblances between many of the canine 
species and certain classes of mankind ; not so ab- 
solute, certainly, but that contrarieties will exist; 



though the more general adumbrations of character 
approach so as nearly to coalesce without the smallest 
difficulty. A few of the most obvious of them may be 
thus ranked. 

The supple, sinister, smooth-tongued sycophant, in 
the scent of a great man, who is ready to execute the 
commands of a premier, however repugnant they may 
be to his inclination; however they may revolt against 
his ideas of honour (to say nothing of the shocks they 
give his conscience) : who is ever disposed 

" To fetch and carry nonsense for my lord." 

To say aye and no to every nothing a great man says 
—though aye and no too are not certainly, as old Lear 
says, true divinity —may aptly be coupled, in the way 
of comparison, with the spaniel, who is distinguished 
among his canine companions, by fawning upon those 
who use him worst, and licking even the hand that is 
raised in wrath against him ; crouching at the feet of 
his imperious master, and becoming more humble the 
more he is beaten by him. 

The sour and severe critic, whose supreme delight 
is to discover errors in a work which has met with a 
favourable reception from the public, who sits down 
with all the malice of an enemy, fastens upon the 
slightest deviation from the rigid rules of the Slagyrite 
with the execrable satisfaction of a Scaliger, and points 
them out to view with an exultation which does no cre- 
dit to his heart, whatever compliments he may receive 
for his critical acumen — ranks with the cur, who is al- 
ways snapping and snarling at every man lie meets, 
sticks close to his heels, and annoys those whom he as- 


<sfiils in such a manner, that they find it no easy mat- 
ter to disengage themselves. 

The pimp, who makes it the dishonourable employ- 
ment of his life to make the life of a right honouraole 
personage happy, by drawing innocent girls from the 
paths of virtue, and putting them into his lordship's 
power, may be classed with the pointer, who hunts for 
the game his master wants to get into his possession, 
and as soon as he sees the poor birds endeavouring to 
make their escape, gives him notice, that some of them 
at least may be intercepted in their flight. 
- The country-gentleman, who lives upon his patrimo- 
nial estate in the most prudent style, which enables 
him at once to make a respectable appearance, and to 
endear himself to his indigent neighbours by well-go- 
verned hospitality, is (if the comparing him to a clog 
carries no degradation with it) like one of those faith- 
ful domestic animals that guards the house of his pro- 
tector with the utmost faithfulness, and makes a noble 
opposition to those who might attempt by bribes, or 
blows, to prevent him from doing his duty,, a true Eng- 
lish mastiff. 

The delicate dangler after the fair, who spends his 
whole time in giving himself an effeminate appearance, 
and distinguishing himself by feminine employments ; 
whose conversation turns chiefly upon the tattle of the 
day, and who prefers a fete a tele with the silliest girl 
in the kingdom, to the company of any of his own sex, 
is of no more consequence in the creation than a lap- 

The bailiff, whose occupation is to seize those unfor- 
tunate members of the community whom the law has 
condemned to durance vile, for the contraction of debts 


which they cannot discharge, appears and acts with 
the fierceness of a bull dog : and as well may the stur- 
diest of the horned race hope to throw off his ferocious 
assailant, whom he despises at the same time, as the 
unhappy debtor shakes off a catchpole, though he may 
look at him, perhaps, with the most cordial con- 

The vigilant thief- taker, who peeps into courts and 
alleys, for those who have endeavoured to screen them- 
selves from the eye of justice, by skulking into cor- 
ners and obscure places, may, with particular propri- 
ety, be compared to a terrier ; as they are both ser- 
viceable in bringing to light the vermin, by which soci- 
ety is grievously infested. 

The projector, who is always in pursuit of something 
which continually eludes his search, may be classed 
with the water-spaniel, in chase of a duck, who is per- 
petually seeing the object of his pursuit sinking from 
his sight, and tantalizing him by a re-appearance in a 
different place, to which he hurries, animated with 
fresh hopes, only to be mortified by fresh disappoint- 

Tiiis catalogue might be increased by coupling sol- 
diers with blood-hounds ; courtiers with turnspits; and 
blunderers in politics with blind puppies, &c. &c. &c. 
but it is sufficiently evident, that there is a striking re- 
semblance between the human and the canine species; 
and, it may be added, that upon many occasions the 
latter, making all due allowances for education, dis- 
cover more rationality, thought they cannot reason. 



The following remarkable discovery in the natural history of the 

dog is derived from the Gentleman's Magazine, to 

which work it was communicated by a 

correspondent from Bloxwick. 

" I have lately discovered a property in dogs 
which I never saw mentioned by any naturalist, nor 
yet even noticed by any one but myself; but for the 
truth of which I can, if necessary, produce several 
witnesses. About two years ago I had a terrier bitch, 
which brought six whelps, five of them were imme- 
diately drowned, and the sixth was left to be nursed by 
the mother till it could walk, when it was removed to 
a farm-house at £.bout a mile distant, to which the 
bitch was constantly going with her master. At most 
of these visits I thought she had eat something that 
made her sick, for she invariably threw up every time 
I called; but, upon attending to her more carefully, 
I found that whenever she got a hearty meal at home 
she would trot off to the barn and disgorge what she 
had eat before her whelp, and which he always eat up 
with great avidity. Not satisfied wiih this one in- 
stance, I tried a spaniel bitch, about half a year ago, iu 
the same way, and found her daily practise the sam<* 
thing, and which, I suppose, is not confined to my dogs 
only, but pervades the whole breed. This mode of the 
bitch feeding her whelps, seems never yet to have been 
noticed by any author, and may call out the remarks 
of some of your correspondents." 




Permit me, with all due deference and with sincere 
pleasure, to give you a few hints, which may render 
you pleasing to yourselves and terrible to others ; but, 
first, let me attempt to explain the meaning of the ap- 
pellation by which you are distinguished, viz. " cock- 
nies." I could, with the greatest facility, deduce this 
word from the Greek, but as possibly you may not 
have your lexicon ready, I prefer deriving it from the 
two English monosyllables cock and nigh, though I do 
not mean by the first word either cock sure, or a cock of 
the game, from both of which you are equally remote; 
the signification I allude to is, cocking the optic, and 
the word nigh, as by sometimes creeping under shelter 
of a wall, or hedge, instances have been known of 
your shooting a fowl, or a turkey, at the distance of 
five yards. Having, therefore, proved you most indis- 
putably to be cock-nighs, or, as from the corruption of 
the orthography, it is at present spelt, cocknies, I shall 
now proceed to. my instructions. 

1. In the choice of a gun, I would advise you to 
prefer a crooked barrel, as ihe odds being against your 
levelling direct, there will then be more chance of your 
hitting the object 

2. In loading, most people are in the habit of put- 
ting in the powder first ; but as this is not of the smal- 
lest consequence, you are at liberty to follow your own 


S. With respect to flints, by all means do not take 
those which throw out a great deal of fire, for then it 
must inevitably scatter ; but chuse one of so dull a na- 
ture as scarcely to emit a single spark, for you well 
know " Scintilla una sujicit" 

4. When the snow is upon the ground, I would ex- 
hort you, instead of a pointer to take out a New- 
foundland dog, and be particular that it is entirely 
white, as you will then have a chance of surprising the 

5. In taking aim, shut both your eyes ; for if it be a 
received opinion, that a sportsman shoots well by shut- 
ting one eye, you must of course shoot twice as well bj 
shutting two eyes ! 

6. In the choice of a dog, take one that is either 
lame or blind ; for if they are too active they put up 
the game: but, indeed, this may be remedied by tying 
up the two hind legs. 

7. Lastly, as to the game you should prefer; the 
turkies are uncommonly strong in the wing, and the 
sucking pigs run like the wind ; therefore confine your- 
self to geese, brooding /tens, and sows in pig, to which 
you must approach within three yards before you pre* 
sume to " make ready, present and fire/' 

Your'e, Peter Popgun - , 


His grace is one of the oldest and most distinguished 
characters upon the turf, whether we consider his 
judgment, his ingenuity, his invention, or his success. 
No personage, within our recollection, has been more 
noticed by the public prints, and, perhaps, moie mis- 
o 2 


represented. Enabled by birth and fortune to enjoy 
the comforts of life, he has given into them without 
restraint, totally indifferent to the cynical caprice of 
individuals on the one hand, and to the jaundiced eye 
of envious malevolence on the other. But amidst the 
general pursuit of pleasure to which his life has been 
devoted, those pleasures have yet been the enjoyment 
of a man of honour, undebased by the long list of 
swindling degradations, that so unhappily characterize 
the juvenile representatives of modern nobility A 
taste for and patronage of the fine arts, a prediliction 
for beautiful women, rich wines, and a desire to excel 
on the turf, and to exceed in calculation, have ever been 
the distinguishing traits and ultimate gratification of 
his graces ambition. When E — of M — he contrived 
and executed schemes of expedition, which were be- 
lieved by his competitors to be absolutely impracticable ; 
of these, his well-known carriage-match* and convey- 
ing a letter fifty miles within an hour, (inclosed in a 

* In consequence of a conversation, at a sporting meeting, re- 
lative to running against time, it was suggested by the Earl of 
March, that it was possible for a carriage to be drawn with a de- 
gree of celerity hitherto unexampled, and almost incredible. 
Being desired to name his maximum, he undertook, provided he 
was allowed the choice of his ground, and a certain time for 
training, to draw a machine with lour wheels not less than nine- 
teen miles within the space of sixty minutes. As it had been al- 
ready discovered that a race-horse might be urged to such a degree 
of speed, as to run over a mile in a minute, this, which allowed 
about three to a carriage, did not appear so surprizing to the 
knowing ones Hot a short space of time; but the continuance of 
such a rapid motion during a whole hour staggered their belief, 
and many of them were completely outwitted. 


cncket ball, and handed from one to the other, of 
twenty-four expert cricketers) will ever remain lasting 
remembrances. In all his engagements upon the 
turf, he has preserved a most unsullied and distin- 
guished eminence, both paying and receiving with an 
unimpeached integrity. He has ever prided himself 
more upon the excellence than the extent of his stud. 
His matches have not been so numerous as those of 
many other sportsmen, but they have mostly been up- 
on a more expanded scale, and more brilliantly termi- 
nated. He and his rider, Dick Goodison, have gene- 
rally gone hand in hand in their success^ and there is 
every reason to believe, that never, in a single instance, 
have they deceived each other; for, as his grace never 
closed a match without the corresponding sanction of 

As much depended on the lightness of the machine, application 
was made to an ingenious coach maker (Wright) in Long Acre, 
who exhausted all the resources of his art to diminish the weight 
and friction as much as possible, and silk is said to have been le- 
cuned to in the construction of the harness, instead of leather. It 
then became necessary 10 select four blood-horses of approved 
speed, and, what was far more difficult to procure, two honest 
groomboys (Errat and another) of small weight and approved 
skill, to manage them. The course at Newmarket having been 
pitched upon ior the trial, a mile was marked out there, and al- 
though several horses are said to have been killed in training, vet 
it soon became evident that the project was feasible. 

On the arrival of the appointed day (Aug. 29, J 7.50), which 
was to decide bets to the amount of riiousands of pounds, the no- 
ble and ignoble gamesters repaired to the spot pitched upon ; the 
jockies mounted ; the carrage, constructed partly oi wood and 
partly of whalebone, was put in motion, and rushing with a velo- 
city almost rivaling the progress of sound, darted, within the ap- 
pointed time, to the goal ! 

o 3 


his confidant, so it is naturally concluded, in return, 
he has been equally faithful to the interest of his em- 
ployer. During so long an uninterrupted attachment 
to the turf, his grace has never displayed the least want 
of philosophy upon the unexpected event of a race, or 
ever entered into any engagement but when there was 
a great probability of becoming the winner. In all 
emergencies he has preserved an invariable equani- 
mity, and his cool serenity never forsook him even in 
moments of the greatest surprise, or disappointment. 
A singular proof of this occurred at Newmarket, just 
as they were going to start for a sweepstakes, when his 
grace being engaged in a betting conversation with va- 
rious members of the Jockey Club, one of Iris lads that 
was going to ride (in consequence of his light weight), 
calling his grace aside, asked him too soon, and too 
loud, " How he was to ride to-day ?" His grace, con- 
scious that he was overheard, with a well-affected sur- 
prise, exclaimed—" Why, take the lead, and keep it, to 
be sure! How the d — vil would you ride! 1 ' Amid 
his grace's various successes, and strong proofs of judg- 
ment, which are infinitely superior to his long list of 
contemporaries, none, perhaps can be produced more 
in point than the performances of his horse Dash, (by 
Florise) in the year 1789- On Tuesday in the first 
spring meeting, he refused 500 guineas forfeit from 
Lord Darby's Sir Peter Teazle, the six mile course, 
1000 guineas, h. f. ; and on Monday, in the second 
spring meeting, he beat Mr. Hallam's b. h. by High- 
flyer, 8st. 71b. each, B. C. 1000 guineas. On Thurs- 
day, in the second October meeting of the same year, 
he beat his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales's Don 
Quixotte, Sst. ?lo. each, six mile course, Q00 guineas i 


and the Tuesday sennight following he beat Lord Bar- 
ryinore's Highlander, at the same weight, three times 
round the R. C. 800 guineas ;. winning exactly within 
the six months 3000 guineas. 

Increasing years, and a repeated succession of every 
comfort the world has to bestow, seems at length tc» 
have lulled all his grace's keener appetites to the apa- 
thy of age, and he glides towards the dissolution of 
life with every domestic gratification of Jicspitality 
around him. The present temporary stagnation of the 
turf, from which so many have lately (compulsively) 
withdrawn themselves, may have been one predomi- 
nant reason why his grace's stud are nearly ail thrown 
out of training, and disposed of to the beat advantage. 
Indeed his grace's present pursuits seemed chiefly con- 
fined to pedestrian parades, and alternate turns in the 
front of his own mansion ; rational excursions with his 
phaeton and ponies, from the White Horse Cellar to 
Hyde Park Corner; and sometimes the longer and 
more laborious journey of Park Lane, Hyde Park, and 
home. These, with occasional elegant entertainments 
and accompanying concerts (to the most brilliant oi the 
fashionable dukineas and operatic beauties) , seem likely to 
fill the measure of his grace's sublunary enjoym< nts, 
and to afford him daily opportunity in ruminating upon 
the various pleasures of this life, or the uncertainty of 
the future, that, whether sooner or later summoned to pass 
a the bourne," he may exultingly lay his head in men- 
tal ease upon the pillow, and in paying the debt of na- 
ture, gratefully exclaim — " value received." 

o 4- 




While Mr. Cunningham resided at the Hague, a 
German prince, hearing of our author's great skill in 
the game of chess, came to that city for the purpose 
of playing with him at that truly noble amusement. 
The prince informed Mr. Cunningham, by a note, of 
the reason that induced him to visit the Hague: Mr. 
Ogilvie, a Scotch gentleman in the Dutch service, 
■who passed with many for little better than an inge- 
nious madman, happened to be with Mr. Cunningham 
when he received the note, to whom he said, " That 
he did not choose to risk his reputation, for all the, 
knowledge of the game at chess, with a person whom 
he did not know, and wished that Mr. Ogilvie would 
go and play a game or two with the prince, in the 
character of one of Mr. Cunningham's disciples." 
This he acceded to, and Mr. Cunningham, it is said, 
wrote to the prince a note to this effect, " that al- 
though he had the honour of receiving" his highness's 
invitation to play a game at chess with him, he could 
not accept of that honour, as business of a very pecu- 
liar nature would not admit of it at that time; but ra- 
ther than his highness should be disappointed, he had 
sent one of his pupils to give him some entertainment 
that evening, and that, if he should be beaten, he 
would then do himself the honour of waiting on him 
(the prince) the next day; and would play with him 
as many games as he should choose." Mr. Ogilvie 
accordingly went, and beat the prince every game. 
Early next morning the prince left the Hague, con* 


vinced, that if he was thus shamefully defeated by the 
scholar, he had, if possible, less chance of success with 
the master. 


Sir John Hawkins, in his notes on the Complete 
Angler, relates the following story: — " A lover of 
angling told me, he was fishing in the river Lea, at 
the ferry called Jeremy's, and had hooked a large fish 
at the time when some Londoners, with their horses, 
were passing : they congratulated him on his success,, 
and got out of the. ferry-boat ; but, finding the fish 
not likely to yield, mounted their horses, and rode off. 
The fact was, that angling for small fish, his bait had 
been taken by a barbel, too large for the fisher to ma- 
nage. Not caring to risk his tackle by attempting to 
raise him, he hoped to tire him; and, for that purpose^ 
suffered himself to be led (to use his own expression) as 
a blind man is by a dog, several yards up and as many 
down, the bank of the river ; in short, for so many 
hours that the horsemen above-mentioned, who had 
been at Walthamstow and dined, were returned, who, 
seeing him thus occupied, cried out — " JFhat, master, 
another large fish !" — " No,, (says the Piscator) the xery 
pame" — " Nay, (says one of them) that can never be ; 
for it is five hours since ixe crossed the river !" and, not be- 
lieving him, they rode on their way. At length our 
angler determined to do that which a less patient 
one would have done long before: he made one vigo- 
rous effort to land the fish, broke his tackle and lost 

The same intelligent knight furnishes us with ano- 
o 5 


ther anecdote relating to this sullen fish: — " Living* 
some years ago (says he) in a village on the banks of 
the Thames, I was used, in the summer months, to be 
much in a boat on the river ; it happened, that at 
Shepperton, where I had been for a few days, 1 fre- 
quently pasaed an elderly gentleman in his boat, who 
appeared to be fishing at different stations for barbel. 
After a few salutations had passed between us, and we 
were become a little acquainted, 1 took occasion to en- 
quire of him what diversion he had met with. " Sir, 
(says he) 1 have but bad luck to-day ; for I fish for 
barbel, and you know they are not to be caught like 
gudgeons." — " Very true, (answered I) but what you 
waiit in tale, I suppose you make up in weight," — 
" Why, sir, (replied he) that is just as it happens; I 
like the sport, and love to catch fish ; but my great de- 
light is in going after them. I'll tell you what, sir, 
(continued he) I am a man in years, and have been 
used to the sea all my life; (he had been an India 
captain) but I mean to go no more, and have bought 
that little house which you see there (pointing to it) 
for the sake of Ashing : Iget into this boat (which he 
was then mopping) on a Monday morning, and fish 
on till Saturday night, for barbel, as 1 told you ; for 
that is my delight; and this J have sometimes done 
for a month together, and in all that while have not had 
<we bite!" 



Plutarch, speaking of angling, informs us, that" 
Marc Antony and Cleopatra, in the midst of their 
unparalleled splendor, passed many of their hours in 
that tranquil amusement. He also mentions a decep- 
tion reciprocally played off by those two royal perso- 
nages upon each other. The whole business of angling 
may, indeed, be said to be deceptive, and therefore 
tricks in that art should be excused. 

" Antony (says Plutarch) went one day to an^le 
with Cleopatra, and being so unfortunate as to catch 
nothing in the presence of his mistress, be was much 
dissatisfied, and gave secret orders to the fishermen to 
dive under water, and put fishes which had been fresh 
taken upon his hook. After he had drawn up two or 
three, Cleopatra perceived the trick; she pretended,, 
however, to be surprised at his good fortune and dexte- 
rity, and mentioned the circumstance to her friends, at 
the same time inviting them to come and see him 
angle. Accordingly a very large company went out in 
the fishing vessels, and as soon as Antony had let down 
his line, she commanded one of her servants to be be- 
forehand with Antony, and, diving into the water, to 
fix upon his hook a sattedjish, one oi those which were 
brought from the Euxine Sea." It does not appear 
how Antony relished this imposition from his fair asso- 

o 6 




A certain northern well-fed divine, pretending to 
a greater knowledge of good eating than his neighbours, 
and particularly in his taste and flavour of game, 
dined once with a neighbouring squire, who was de- 
termined to try the parson's palate. In the second 
course two common wood-pigeons were introduced, to 
which the cook had affixed the feet of moor-game. The 
parson expecting game, reserved his fire till they were 
introduced, when he set to work, and eat the greatest 
part of the birds ! no notice was taken of the parson's 
mistake. At supper a brace of moor-game were 
served up, with the wood-pigeon's feet ; the parson 
was prevailed on to take a slice of them; he quickly 
exchanged plates, exclaiming loudly that wood-pigeons 
were unwholesome, and ought never to be introduced 
before gentlemen. The squire then explained the 
whole affair, which chagrined the parson so much, that 
he ever afterwards laid aside all pretensions to a re- 
fined palate, 

THE whip hand. 

A city justice, well known in Bow-street, being 
on a visit to a near relation, not a hundred miles from 
Eaton, having ordered his groom to come in to wait at 
table, the lad obstinately refused, at the same time 
throwing out hints, " that masters liked to make ser- 
vants work better than paying them : at which the jus* 


tice was so exceedingly offended, that snatching up a 
horsewhip, he began to flog the lad about the legs most 
unmercifully, which was immediately returned with in- 
terest, when a most ludicrous scene ensued, to the no 
small amazement of the gaping multitude. But at 
last, after many exertions of skill and dexterity on 
both sides, the justice was obliged to take to his heels, 
and leave the knight of the whip triumphant. 


The author of the Tableaux Tt/pographiqites de la 
Suisse, in his description of the Alps and Glaciers, re- 
lates the following circumstance. — The chev ilier Gas- 
pard de Brandenberg was buried together with his ser- 
vant, by an avalanche, as they were crossing the 
mountain of St. Gothard, in the neighbourhood of Ai- 
rolo. His dog, who had escaped the accident, did 
not quit the spot where he lost his master. Happily 
this was not far from a convent. The faithful animal 
scratched the snow, and howled for a long time with 
all his strength ; then ran to the convent, returned, 
and ran back again. Struck by his perseverance, the 
people of the house followed him next morning : he led 
them directly to the spot where he had scratched the 
snow ; and the chevalier and his domestic, after thirty- 
six hours passed beneath it, were drawn out safe and 
well. They had distinctly heard every bark of the 
dog, and all the discourse of their deliverers. Sensible 
of the attachment of this fine animal, to which he owed 
his life, he ordered, on his death, that he should be re- 
presented on his tomb with his dear dog. At Zong, in 
the church of St. Oswald, they still shew the tomb and 


the effigy of this magistrate. He is represented with 
a dog at his feet. 



" I set out last week from Epsom, and am safe ar- 
rived in my new stables at this place. My situation 
may serve as a lesson to man: I was once the fleetest 
horse in the world, but old age has come upon me, and 
wonder not, King Fergus, when I tell thee, I was 
drawn in a carriage from Epsom to Cannons, being 
unable to walk even so short a journey. Every horse, 
as well as every dog, has his day ; and I have had 
mine. I have outlived two worthy masters, the late 
Duke of Cumberland, that bred me, and the Colonel 
with whom I have spent my best days;, but I must not 
repine, I am now caressed, not so much for what I can 
do, but for what I have done ; and with the satisfac-, 
tion of knowing that my present master will never 
abandon me to the fate of the high mettled racer ! 

" I am glad to hear, my grandson, Honest Tom 
performs so well in Ireland, and trust that he, and the 
rest of my progeny, will do honour to the name of 
their grandsire, 

" Cannons, Middlesex. " Eclipse." 

41 P. S. Myself, Dungannon, Volunteer, and Virr 
tumnus, are all here. — Compliments to the Yorkshire 



This world is nearly like a chess-board, one point 
of which is white, the other black, because of the 
double state of life and death, grace and sin. The fa- 
milies of this chess-board are like the men of this 
world : they all come out of one bag, and are placed 
in different stations in this world, and have different? 
appellations, one is called King, another Queen, the 
third Rook, the fourth Knight, the fifth Alphin, the 
sixth Pawn. 

The condition of the game is, that one takes ano- 
ther; and when the game is finished, as they all come 
out of one bag, they are put in the same place toge- 
ther. Neither is there any difference between the king 
and the poor pawn ; and it often happens, that when 
thrown promiscuously into the bag, the king lies at the 
bottom; just as the great will find themselves in their 
transit from this world to hell. In this game the king 
goes and takes in all the circumjacent places in a direct 
line: a sign the king takes every thing justly, and that 
he never must omit doing justice to all uprightly; for 
in whatever manner aking acts, it is reputedjust; and 
what pleases the sovereign has the vigour of law. 

The Queen, whom we call Few, goes and takes in an 
oblique line: because women being an avaricious 
breed (genus), whatever they take beyond their merit 
and grace, is rapine and injustice, yi 

The Rook is a judge, who perambulates the whole 
land in a straight line, and should not take any thing 
in an oblique manner by bribery and corruption, nor- 


spare any one. Thus they verify the saying of Amos — 
" Ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruits of 
righteousness into hemlock !" 

But the knight, in taking, goes one point directly, 
and then takes an oblique circuit ; a sign that knights 
and lords of the land may justly take the rents due to 
them, and their just fines, from those who have for- 
feited them, according to the exigence of the case ; their 
third point being obliquely, applies to them, so far as 
they extort subsidies and unjust exactions from their 

The poor pawn goes directly forward, in his simpli- 
city; but whenever he will take, does so obliquely. 
Thus man, while he rests satisfied with his poverty, 
lives in a direct line ; but when he craves temporal 
honours, by means of lies, perjuries, favours, and adu- 
lation, he goes obliquely, till he reaches the superior 
degree of the chess-board of this world; then the pawn 
changes to fen, and is elevated to the rank of the point 
he reaches, just like poverty promoted to rank, for- 
tune, and consequently insolence. 

The Alphins are the various prelates of the church, 
pope, arcnbishop, and their subordinate bishops, who 
rise to their fees not so much by divine inspiration, as 
hy royal power, interest, entreaties, and ready money. 
These Alphins move and take obliquely three points ; 
for almost every prelate's mind is perverted by love, 
hatred, or bribery ; not to reprehend the guilty, or 
bark against the vicious, but rather to absolve them of 
their sins : so that those who should have extirpated 
vice, are, in consequence of their own parsimony, 
become promoters of vice, and advocates of the devil. 
In this chess-game the devil says " Check I" when* 


ever be insults and strikes one with his dart of sin » 
and, if he that is struck cannot immediately deliver 
himself, the devil, lesunring the move, says to him, 
" Mate !" carrying his soul along with him to prison, 
from which neither love nor money can redeem him — 
for from hell there is no redemption. And as hunts- 
men have various hounds for taking various beasts, so 
the devil and the world have different vices, which dif- 
ferently entangle mankind — for all that is in the world, 
is either lust of the flesh, lust of the eyes, or proud 


Wear a wig, if possible; and should you be a 
sportsman, and hunt the forest (Epping), the larger 
and whiter it is, the safer for )ou; for should your 
horse prove what is properly termed too many for you, 
and make off, nothing but the singularity of your ap- 
pearance can restore you to your disconsolate family* 

The hallooing and hooting of the boys, that this will 
occasion, will enable your friends to trace you through 
most of the villages you may have passed ; and, at the 
worst, to know in what part of the country you may 
be cried. I never admired a round hat, but with a 
large wig it is insupportable ; and, in truth, a most 
puerile ornament for the head of a sober man. In \\ uidy 
weather you are blinded with it; the; inconvenience it 
occaMons to men of business, or rather those who are 
called on the road, a rider, a bagster, &c. are, that 
by us being blown over his eyes, he is frequently car- 
ried a contrary way from his intended rout. ^ cocked 


hat, besides the advantages over its competitor, and 
the dignity it gives to the most unhappy countenances, 
has so many others, that it is wonderful to me it is not 
universally worn, but more particularly by equestrians. 
If in windy weather, you are blinded ; in rain, you are 
deluged by a round hat ; whereas one properly cocked 
will retain the water in till you arrive at your baiting 
place, and keep your head (which riding may have 
heated) agreeably cool ; having much the same effect 
upon it that a pan of water has upon a flower-pot. 

Let your boots be somewhat short, and the knees of 
your breeches must just reach the joints, so that the. 
flap of your saddle (and observe, a single flapped saddle 
is the genteelest) may be continually curling up, and 
chafing you between the confines of the boots and 
breeches, by which means you will be satisfied that 
your leg is in a proper position. 


Is this a king's plate 1 see before me, 

Turned toward my hand ? com©, lit me clasp thee :. 

I have thee not! and yet I see the sti)!^ 

In form as bright as ever racer won,. 

Thou marshel'st me the way to Newmarket, 

And a horse the instrument I'm to use. 

Thy brilliant form's worth my swift gelding, 

And 1 will run him. Send for th' engraver, 

Be on my seal and scutch'on, feats of blood, 

"Which were not there before ; but no such luck : v 

It was ambition, that dire antidote, 

My wish. Now all the fashionable world, 

Hurry to the course, and, traveling all night, 

Abjur'd by curtain'd sleep ; now meet the peers ; 

Sport day commences; and the thin sweated jockey* 

Proud of his office, whose daily training 

And feeding's kept his weight, with shambling gai**. 


And knowing wink, towards the starting-post 
Moves like a deep-one. The full betting-room 
Admits my steps, that quickly move for fear ; 
The very black legs prate of my hedging off, 
Laying my bets, or taking in the queer flat.^ 
And country squires! 


Th e habitudes of the domestic breed of poultry can- 
fcot, possibly, escape observation; and every one must 
have noticed the fierce jealousy of the cock. It should 
seem that tins jealousy is not confined to his rivals, but 
may, sometimes, extend to his beloved female; and 
that he is capable of being actuated by revenge, founded 
on some degree of reasoning concerning her conjugal 
infidelity. An incident which happened at the seat of 

Mr. B , near Berwick, justifies this remark. " My 

mowers (says he) cut a partridge on her nest, and im- 
mediately brought the eggs (fourteen) to the house. I 
ordered them to be put under a very large beautiful 
hen, and her own to be taken away. They were 
hatched in two days, and the hen brought them up per- 
fectly well till they were five or six weeks old. During 
that time they were constantly kept confined in an 
out-bouse, without having been seen by any of the 
other poultry. The door happened to be left open, 
and the cock got in. My housekeeper, hearing her 
hen in distress, ran to her assistance, but did not ar- 
rive in time to save her life; the cock, finding her with 
the brood of partridges, fell upon her with the utmost 
fury, and put her to death. The housekeeper found him 
tearing her both with his beak and spurs, although she 
was then fluttering in the last agony, and incaua'jle Q& 


any resistance. The hen had been, formerly, the 
cock's greatest favourite. 


From Towzer to Ponto, in relation to the Dog Tax. 
Dtjak Ponto, 
I went home with Phillis, the parson's speckled 
bitch, last Tuesday, and, to my great astonishment, I 
heard the doctor declare that Mr. Pitt had actually a 
scheme on foot to tax us poor dogs, the consequence 
of which will be, that three parts in four of our species 
will be knocked on the head. 1 profess I am not in 
any dread for myself, nor for you, my dear Ponto, for 
our usefulness will preserve us, since man (though by 
far the most ungrateful of any other animal) seldom 
chuses to destroy what is of real benefit. 1 am not, 
therefore, alarmed out of any selfish views; no, it is 
a noble spirit of patriotism that inflames me ; and, 
though I say it, there is not a dog in the nation that 
will fight more desperately, or bark louder, in a good 
cause, than your old friend Towzer. Let your sneak- 
ing puppies follow low mercenary views; let them wag 
their tails at every scoundrel, and nuzzel in dung-hills 
for half a bone. I am a British mastiff, and scorn such 
pal try actions. I will venture to say, that almighty 
Love itself cannot make me do a little thing, and 
though 1 like a pretty bitch as well as another dog, 
yet it is not in the power of the most betwitchingof that 
sex, either by day to make me kill a neighbour's sheep, 
or by night to desert my post, and leave my master's 
house unguarded. But why all these prolessions of 
honesty to me, my Ponto will say, who have had long 


experience of Towzer's worth and integrity. True, but 
at this juncture it is highly requisite that you should 
think the best of me, since I am about to engage thee 
in an affair, the seriousness and importance of which 
cannot be too strictly attended to, and the greater opi- 
nion thou hast of the proposer, with the more alacrity 
wilt thou enter upon the whole affair. 

One must be a stupid dog, indeed, not to know that, 
notwithstanding our innumerable taxes, the ministry 
are dreadfully in want of money. The tax, therefore, 
will certainly take place, unless we can start some 
other more lucrative scheme. Such a one I have in 
my mind, but I am well aware that it cannot be brought 
to maturity without thy assistance. Thy intimacy 
with Miss Biddy's lap-dog will forward thee in the way 
I s : a 1 i lay down for thee. Thou must engage Shock 
to communicate my proposals to his fair mistress, and . 
at the same time to back them with his own interest. 
Should she stand our friend, we have nothing to fear, 
for Sir Nathan Nimbletongue, the member for the 
county, is her slave, and she has a pair of eyes that 
would dazzle a Roman senate into blindness to the 
common cause, and corrupt the integrity of aCato. I 
have enclosed a copy of the scheme, and remain thine, 
most affectionately, Towzer. 

Towzer's scheme for a poll tax on that part of the human species 
who are distinguished by the appellation of sad dogs, lazy dogs, 
and pupptes. 

1. The family of the sud dogs has ever been reckoned, without 
controversy, the most numerous and the most ancient of any in the 
kingdom : if, therefore, they were taxed at the easy rate of one 
shilling per head, they would produce to government, annually, 
at least 400,0001 . sterling. 

2. The lazy dogs are those expletives of nature which seem only 


formed to devour her works, and prevent her being hurrbensonwf 
to herself, and would, at sixpence per head, produce the same 
sum at least. 

3. And lastly, the puppies, that are so numerous, in which are 
included the tribe of fops, coxcombs, lady's men, &c. &c. would, 
at .sixpence per puppy, produce, on an average, the same sum. 

Thus there would be one million two hundred thousand pounds 
sterling, produced from a soil that ha»hitherto brought nothing 
but rankness, weeds, and barrenness. 


Benfat h this turf, pent in a narrow grave, 
Lies a true sportsman, generous, great, and brave ; 
Jt was his principal, and greatest pride, 
To have a fowling-bag slung by his side; 
Thro' woods and fields to labour, toil, and run, 
In quest of game, with pointer, scrip, and gun. 
His random shot was seldom known to spare, 
The woodcock, pheasant, or the tim'rous hare : 
Till death (that sable lurcher) lay conceaFd, 
Surprio'd, and shot oui hero in the field ; 
Then in this covert may he safely rest, 
Till rous'd to join with covies of the blest ! 


Rose at seven— spent an huur in balling doe-skins, 
colouring boot-tops, &c. &c. — Stupid boy had lost one 
of my spur-leathers — obliged to use packthread. Got 
to the stable by nine— spurs wrong put on — gave ostler 
a pint of beer to alter 'em. Mounted on the off-side 
in such a hurry, that, losing my balance, I pitched 
over head foremost into the horse-trough — got out half- 
suffocated ; wig so wet was forced to take it off and dry 
it — stable-boys laughed, dogs barked, 1 swore; but 
at length, being mounted by the help of a step, set off, 
and reached Tottenhamcourt-Road without any mate- 


rial accident, except that a hackney-coach splashed 
me all over. 

N. B. Took bis number. Whilst paving the turn- 
pike, dropped my glove — afraid to get off, for fear of 
not being able to mount again — so rode on, putting my 
naked hand in my pocket — Mem. Its genteel to sit 
easy. Just by Mother Red-Cap's horse made a trip — 
pulled at him with all my might, but, breaking the 
rein, fell backwards, and came to the ground with my 
foot in the stirrup — luckily, horse was no run-away — 
mended the rein with my garter, and led my horse till 
I came to a mile-stone, where, with some difficulty, I 
re-mounted. Finding that I should be too late for the 
ordinary, squared my elbows, turned out my toes, 
flourished my whip, stuck in the spurs, and away I 
trotted — by the time 1 had got a mile found myself 
very sore, though I rose in the stirrups at least a foot 
every second — however, persevered, and by two o'clock 
reached Highgate Hill, at the bottom of which, as the 
devil would have it, the saddle turned round, and 
down I came once more— to complete my misfortune, 
the girth (for there was but one) broke; so with the, 
saddle on my back, and leading my horse, I fagged up 
the hill, and at length reached the inn, followed by all 
the rabble of the place. After dinner, discovered I 
had lost all my money by my fall — obliged to leave 
my watch for the reckoning — girth being mended, I 
mounted about eight o'clock in the evening; but, being 
y dreadfully galled, borrowed a crown of the landlord, 
and giving it a man to take my horse home, returned 
to Cheapside in the stage, highly delighted with my 
ride, and the pleasures of the country! 

Sunday night. Tim Tape. 



I am the son of an opulent citizen, who, for the 
first fifty years of his life, was never three miles from 
Threadneedle-street; who knew no learning but arith- 
metic, no employment but posting his books, and no 
dissipation beyond the enjoyment of his weekly club. 
It has been observed, that a man's veneration for 
learning is sometimes in proportion to his own want of 
it: this was exactly the case with my father. He was 
determined his son should be the best scholar in the 
city of London. He, therefore, sent me to a consider- 
able free-school in the neighbourhood, till the age of 
eighteen, when I was sent to a college in Oxford. As 
I had never in my life been farther from London than 
Turnham-Green, I found myself in a new world; and, 
for some time, thought it a very happy one. I had 
health and spirits, my allowance was ample, and I had 
a great many agreeable companions, who obligingly 
assisted me in the arduous task of spending it. A very 
little observation was sufficient to shew me, that every 
body around me consulted only by what means they 
should best get rid of their time; and candour must 
acknowledge, that the variety and elegance of their 
amusements reflect great honour on the inventors. I 
too was resolved not to be behind hand with my friends 
in the science of spending time agreeably, and, in or- 
der to do it more systematically, chose for my arbiter 
one of the most knowing men in Oxford. He not only 
regulated my dress and behaviour, but selected with 
great care my acquaintance; told me how many under- 
waistcoats were proper for the different seasons ; how 
many capes were necessary for a great coat; when 


shoe-strings and boots were most becoming; taught 
me how to lounge down the High-street, and how to 
stand before the fire at the coffee-house. 

Under such a guide my progress was not slow; I 
Boon became almost as wise as my instructor, and 
should shortly have obtained the character of a know- 
ing man, had not my hopes been cut off at once by an 
accident. It being summer when 1 was entered at the 
university, my feats of horsemanship had been confined 
chiefly to Port Meadow and Bullington Green, at one 
or another of which places I never missed appearing 
at least once a day, upon a very clever cropped poney ; 
and though I knew no more of an horse than an ele- 
phant, yet, by the instructions of my friend, by talk- 
ing big, and offering to trot a number of miles within 
the hour for large sums, I contrived to make many 
people believe I knew something of the matter. At 
last winter came, and I found it necessary to be very 
food of fox-hunting, without which no man can pretend 
to be knowing. Never was a more fatal resolution 
taken ; never was there a man less qualified for a 
sportsman; as I was naturally timid and chilly, and 
had never been on horseback in my life before I came 
to- Oxford. But there was no alternative, my reputa- 
tion, my character, my existence, as a knowing man, 
depended on my conduct in this article; and, to say 
the truth, I had heard from my acquaintance such 
long and pompous accounts of sharp bursts and long 
chases; such enthusiastic panegyrics on, and such ani- 
mated descriptions of, this amusement, that I really 
began to think there must be something bewitching in 
a diversion which seemed to take up so much of the 
time and thoughts of ..,y companions. I therefore, by 


the advice of my friends, gave forty-five guineas for a 
very capital hunter; and having furnished myself with 
the proper paraphernalia— cap, belt, &c. made an ap- 
pointment to go with a large party and meet the fox- 
hounds the next day. My friends were punctual to 
their appointment, and rattled me out of bed at seven 
o'clock, on a raw November morning, though I would 
have given a thousand pounds to have lain another 
hour, and a million not to have gone at all. I was, 
however, obliged to repress my sensations, and to feigu 
the alacrity I felt not; and to affect a glow of pleasure, 
and assume the eagerness of hope. After a long ride, 
through a most dismal country, we arrived at the wood, 
where we found the hounds were not yet come, on ac- 
count of the badness of the morning, which, from being 
foggy and drizzling, had now turned to a very heavy 
rain. Here then we amused ourselves riding up and 
down a wretched swampy common, or standing under 
A dripping wood, for about two hours; at the end of 
which time the day cleared up, the hounds came, and 
€very countenance but mine brightened with joy : for 
I was half in hopes they would not come at all. But 
no sooner had the hounds thrown off, than my horse 
grew so hot, that, benumbed as my hands were with 
cold, I had no sort of power over him ; the conse- 
quence of which was, that I received many severe re- 
primands for riding over the hounds, and treading on 
the heels of the other horses. After riding in this state 
of torment for about three hours, the men and hounds 
all at once set up a terrible howling and screaming, 
and they told me they had found a fox. I shall not 
attempt to describe the chase, for I am sure you will 
never know it from my description : all I remember is, 


that as soon as the chase began, my horse (who went 
just where he pleased) dashed down in a very wet 
boggy lane, and in a moment covered me over with 
water and mud. 

At last my sufferings came to a close, for turning 
short at the end of a narrow lane, my horse started — 
I pitched over his head,, and fell as soft as if it had been 
on a feather-bed. There I lay, till a countryman, 
who had caught my horse, brought him to me, and 
good-naturedly assisted me in getting up and cleaning 
my clothes. No intreaties, however, could prevail on 
me to remount, and having desired my assistant to 
lead my horse to Oxford, I determined to endeavour 
reaching home on foot ; but this I found not so easily 
effected in my present condition, and luckily meeting 
with a higler's cart, which was bound for that place, I 
got into it, and in this vehicle made my triumphant 
entry over Magdalen bridge, about six o'clock in the 
evening, just as the High-street was the fullest. 

As soon as I got to college, I went to bed, and sent 
for a doctor, by whose assistance I soon recovered as 
to my health, but my reputation was lost for ever. My 
story had got wind, and I was laughed at by all parties. 
My acquaintance began to look at me in a very con- 
temptible light, and even my most familiar friend soon 
let me know it was no longer consistent with his repu- 
tation to be seen walking in the High-street with me. 
If I entered a coffee-house, I was sure to hear a titter 
and a whisper run round the room ; and at last the very 
servants of the livery-stables pointed at me as I passed 
through the streets, and said — " There's the gentleman 
that got such a hell of a tumble the other day!" 

Ic short, I was obliged to give up aJl my knowing 
p 2 


acquaintance, and get into an entirely different set, 
who, as they had never aspired to the first pinnacle of 
sporting merit, and could, at best, but boast a secon- 
dary kind, received me with open arms. They told 
me 1 had entirely mispent my time, and my money, 
that fox hunting was not only a dangerous, but an ex- 
pensive, and very uncertain amusement; but that 
shooting was free from these objections, being a diver- 
sion extremely cheap, and which had the additional 
recommendation of furnishing us game for our own 
tables, or our friends; and they offered to be my in- 
structor in these amusements. 

I listened to this recital with pleasure, and accepted 
the offer with gratitude, for I thought it not impossible 
to gain some degree of reputation for being a good 
shot; I therefore furnished myself with every proper 
requisite for this amusement; and, in an evil hour, 
accompanied my new friends to Bagley Wood. It is 
enough to say, that the last error was worse than the 
first ; and that I returned home wet, dirty, scratched, 
and tired, and pretty well convinced that I was not 
more fitted for a shot than a fox-hunter. 

I have since endeavoured to excel in some other 
amusements, but the same ill-luck has constantly at- 
tended me. I got at least twenty broken heads last 
winter in learning to skate ; and have since narrowly 
escaped being drowned in attempting to throw a cast- 
ing net, which had nearly drawn me into the water 
with it. This, however, was the last efforc of the 
kind I ever made ; I am now set quietly down, per- 
fectly satisfied with my own achievements in the sport- 
ing way. 

But the worst is, that one of my companions won- 


ders at my want of taste, and another at my want of 
resolution; a third asks me how I felt when I was fall- 
ing off, and a fourth thanks heaven he was not bred in 
London ! 

Christopher Cockney, 


The noted Whipper-in j well known to the Sportsmen of Shropshire* 

You all know Tom Moody,* the whipper-in, well; 

The bell just done tolling was honest Tom's knell : 

A more able sportsman, ne'er followed a hound, 

Thro' a country, well-known to him, fifty miles round ; 

No hound ever open'd with Tom in the wood, 

But he'd challenge the tone, and cou'd tell if 'twas good :— 

And all, with attention, would eagerly mark, 

When he cheer'd up the pack — " Hark ! 

To Rockwood, hark ! hark ! 

High ! — Wind him ! and cross liim ! 

Now Rattler, boy ! — hark !" 

Six crafty earth-stoppers, in hunter's green drest, 
Supported poor Tom to an " earth" made for rest : 
His horse, which he styl'd his " Old Soul," next appear'd, 
On whose forehead the brush of his last fox was rear'd j 
Whip, cap, boots, and spurs, in a trophy were bound, 
And here and there follow'd an old straggling hound. 

* The veteran sportsman, who is the subject of this ballad, 
died some years since, in the service of Mr. Forrester, of 
Shropshire. He had been the whipper-in to that gentleman's 
pack upwards of thirty years : and from the whimsical circum- 
stances attending his burial, it is considered as worthy of a place 
in this collection. 

p 3 


Ah !-— no moie at his voice yonder vales will they trace f 
Nor the Wrekhv* resound his first burst in the chase ! 

'* With high over ! — Now press him ! 

Tally-ho !— tally-ho !" 

Thus Tom spoke his friends, e'er he gave up his breath— 
" Since I see you're resolv'd to be in at the death, 
One favour bestow — 'tis the last I shall crave — 
Give a rattling view-halloo, thrice over my grave t 
And unless at that warning I lift up my head, 
My boys ! you may fairly conclude I am dead !" 
Honest Tom was obey'd, and the shout rent the sky, 
Tor ev'ry voice join'd in the Tally-Ho ! cry. 

"Tally-ho ! — Hark forwards ! 

Tally-ho !-— Tally-ho !" 


Th e puppy is an animal often mentioned, often seen, 
often complained of, but never yet accurately des- 
cribed. As the word puppy is not to be found in Lin- 
naeus, it may be necessary to attempt a definition. 
Puppy then is derived from the French pou-pee, which 
means either a whelp or one of those pasteboard figures, 
which we see in the shops of fashionable hair-dressers 
to exhibit their skill. It originally signified the whelp 
of a female dog, and at that time was known rather in 
kennels than in families; but it is now understood as 
a species of human beings, differing from the rest of 
mankind in this respect, that in them there is some- 
thing internal, as well as external, to be looked at or 
expected; whereas with the puppies all is outside. 
When, therefore, we speak of the head of a puppy, we 

* The famous mountain in Shropshire. 


are not speaking of that which contains the brain or in* 
tellect, but of a round empty knob, which has noothei 
pre-eminence than that of being accidentally placed at 
the upper extremity of the body. 

Puppies (from the above derivation of their name) 
came from France, but though puppies were originally 
the growth of that country, they may be cultivated 
with success in almost any; and it is pretty certain 
that they have been made to thrive with as much suc- 
cess in London as at Paris. 

In the account of this animal, I must correct myself, 
so far as to guard against the term cultivation, which 
is, strictly speaking, not applicable to them ; on the 
contrary, they never flourish so well as when left to 
themselves, and kept free of all cultivation; those who 
have attempted cultivation have either failed, or pro- 
duced an animal of a quite diffe rent species. Cultiva- 
tion and education are almost synonymous terms, and 
therefore equally improper in this case. 

At what time they were imported into this country 
it is not easy to say, as they have been mentioned by 
writers for nearly two centuries past, but it is princi- 
pally within the last that they have become domesti- 
cated, and that no place has been found entirely fre« 
of them. In the metropolis the best specimens are to 
be seen ; and next to that in the principal cities, and 
in some towns on the sea coast, such as Brighthelm- 
stone, Margate, &c. but in the latter they are chiefly 
in the summer, and it is only within these thirty years 
that they have frequented those places at all. 

The metropolis, notwithstanding, is the chief haunt 
of the species, and no public places are free from them. 
The theatres, opera, concerts, and riding-schools, the 
P 4 


parks, and the most frequented streets, particularly be- 
tweeu Charing Cross and Hyde-Park Corner, often 
swarm with them. 

It was. a long time supposed that they were of the 
monkey kind ; in respect to chattering they certainly 
resemble that animal. Their language is pronounced 
with the same kind of confused noise, and what they 
say is equally sensible. They have also all the mis- 
chievous tricks of monkies, and somewhat of their 
knack of imitating common actors, or taking off certain 
peculiarities; but in other respects they totally differ 
from the monkey, who is a far more faithful and affec- 
tionate animal, and fulfils the end of its creation more 
punctually than the puppy. Veracity, in matters of 
natural history is of great importance, and therefore, 
we have introduced this short comparison between the 
two animals. It is our present business to do justice 
to puppies, but it must not be at the expence of mon- 

We have already hinted, that the puppy is an animal 
entirely outside; strip him of that, and you have a 
mere non-entity, or what we may term the personifica- 
tion of nobody. It is in their skin, or outer covering, 
that they pride themselves, and by which they are 
principally known. On this account, also, it is that 
they are so much encouraged by various descriptions 
of artisans, particularly tailors and barbers, who have 
acquired such a perfect knowledge of the genius of the 
animal, that they can alter its shape at pleasure, and 
do sometimes, for the entertainment of the public, pro- 
duce such extraordinary transformations, as have been 
thought worthy of representation on the stage, and 
these are often exhibited by artists in the print-shop*. 


It is common with natural historians to enquire into 
the use of the animals they describe ; but this is a ques- 
tion, which, in the case of puppies, would be attended 
with some difficulty, and no author has seriously 
made the attempt. In truth, the more we consider 
them, the more useless they appear. A great part of 
their time is consumed in sleep, or at least in bed, 
where they are to be found at the time when the rest 
of the world have completed half the business of the 
day. Justice, howe\er, requires me to add, what I 
have slightly hinted at already, viz. that they occasion 
a considerable consumption of broad cloth and leather, 
particularly in the article of boots; but, on the other 
hand, they have occasioned a diminution in the de- 
mand for shoes and stockings,' none of these articles 
having for many years been considered as belonging to 
the puppy tribe. 

With regard to the propagation of this animal there 
are many difficulties and uncertainties. That they are 
capable of propagating their own species, has been 
doubted, an i indeed they seldom marry : but, on the 
other hand, they are themselves said to be the produce 
of a cross breed, composed of a fool and a fine lady ! 
These produce puppies in abundance, and take such 
care in rearing them, that they are quite perfect in their 
kind by the time they have reached their fifteenth or 
sixteenth year; after which, their parents send them 
into the world to provide for themselves, and seldom 
take much care about them afterwards. They are not 
a very long-lived animal; they are generally worn 
out after they have been upon the town a very few 
years, and very many of them, when they have ar- 
rived at the age of twenty-one, are caught by persons 
l? 5 


appointed for the purpose, and locked up in cages, of 
^vhich there are several in and about the metropolis, 
particularly in the Old Bailey and Fleet Market, and 
a very large one in St. George's Fields. 

Some of them are not absolutely disagreeable, and 
many persons, particularly ladies, are particularly fond 
of them, preferring them to parrots and monkies. In- 
deed they are in some respects more docile than these 
animals, and perform a greater number of droll and 
diverting tricks : some of them cannot only call & 
coach, but hand the company into it, and pay for it af- 
terwards. Some of them can very cleverly defray the' 
expence of a tavern bill, and will present tickets for tht 
opera, or a concert, like a human being. Some, like- 
wise, have been taught various games, although it 
must be confessed they play their cards but indiffe- 
rently ; yet, if they pull out their money readily and 
gracefully, it affords amusement to their antagonists. 
Others of them ride on horseback very expertly, and 
acquire a knowledge of the business of the stable, 
equal to that of the most rational grooms and jockies. 

When to this is added, the chattering noise they make 
in talking, and the various actions which they are 
taught to mimic, it may be supposed, that in general 
they would be preferred to monkies or parrots ; but 
there are many reasons why this should not be the 
case, and the principal reason is, that the expence of 
keeping them is enormous. 


A fox that had been dug out ofits earth, being brought , 
to a. gentleman's iu Shropshire, to be kept till the next 


morning, when it was to be turned out before a pack 
of hounds; a female rabbit, with two sucking ones, 
was procured for its refreshment, and the fox accords 
iugly ate up the old rabbit for his supper; but in the 
night he found means of effecting his escape; a cat, 
who had lately kittened in the house, found suck for 
the young rabbits, and taking compassion on the poor 
orphans, nourished them as she would have done her 
own offspring, and seemed even to pay them uncommon 
attention ; for she frequently carried them in her 
mouth to different parts of the house, even into the gar- 
rets, for greater security from any enemies whom she 
apprehended might injure them : and more particu- 
larly from a young terrier, who was also kept in the 
house. One of the rabbits died in two or three days, 
but the other lived till it was able to run about after 
its nurse, who continued to treat it with the utmost 
tenderness and affection, but whose cares were una- 
vailing to preserve her adopted from the enemy she 
most suspected — the terrier, who finally demolished 
the poor rabbit, to the grief of its foster-mother. 


The Hon. Mr. L — lost, a few years since, at 
Rrookes's, 70,0001. with, his carriages, horses, &c. 
which was his last stake. Charles F — , who was pre- 
sent, and partook of the spoils, moved that an annuity 
ttfaOl. per annum should be settled upon the unfortu- 
nate gentleman, to be paid out of the general fund • 
which motion was agreed to nem. con. and a resolution 
was entered into at the instance of the same gentle- 
man, that every member who should be completely 
p 6 


ruined in that house should be allowed a similar an- 
nuity out of the same fund, on condition they are ne- 
ver to be admitted as sporting members ; as, in that 
case, the society would be playing against their own 


!'. We recommend all persons who have dogs of 
any kind, whether bull-dogs, mastiffs, grey-hounds, 
pug-dogs, lap-dogs, or mongrels to keep them at home, 
as the dogstealers are prowling about to provide poin- 
ters for the cockney sportsmen to-morrow. 

2. Ladies who have parrots, or singing-birds of any 
kind, to be cautious of hanging them out of their win- 
dows to-morrow, as they may probably be considered 
as fair game by the sporting parties. 

3. It would be adviseable also to padlock the doors 
of hen-houses, as poultry will stand in a very dangerous 
predicament throughout the whole of to-morrow ; the 
first of September having become as hostile to cocks 
in particular, as Shrove Tuesday was at a former pe- 

4. The cowkeepers are recommended to have an ex- 
traordinary watch over their cattle; as an accidental 
shot, though it would not kill a cow, might lame, or 
blind it. 

5. It is earnestly hoped that all persons will be cau- 
tious of walking in the vicinity of town, and particu-* 
iarly near. hedges, in the early part of the day ; as, on 
the first of last September, a lady walking under an. 
umbrella duriDg a slower, of rain, iu Pancras fields, 


was shot at by a sportsman from the city r who took 
her for a green goose, 

6. All persons who drive out to-morrow, in gigs and 
one-horse chairs, are desired to put up the heads; and 
ladies and gentlemen who take airing in their carriages* 
are particularly requested to keep up the blinds for 
fear of accidents. 

7. Parents are also most seriously charged ta pre- 
vent their children from bathing to morrow, for fear 
they should be taken for water- fowl. 

(Signed) Jonathan Save-all. 

August 3 1 . Secretary* 

chloe's vexation. 

At the glittering dew which bespangled the lawn, 

Aurora was taking a peep, 
To rouse the keen sportsman broke forth the clear dawn* 
When up started Colin, as brisk as a fawn, 

Leaving Chloe unconscious asleep \ 
And op'ning the casement he cried out to John, 

His servant, and old sporting croney, 
" See the sun's getting up, and 'tis time we were gone, 
" So uncouple the pointers, young Ponto and Don, 

" And saddle the black shooting poney." 
Awak'd by the noise, Chloe rubbing her eyes, 

Which might rival the basilisk s charms, 
Exclaim'd, " What's o'clock?" Then with well-feigned 

" 'Tis not live ! Why, my Colin, so soon dost thou rise, 

" And quit thy poor Chloe's fond arms ?" 
Colin quick snatch'd a kiss, smil d, and shaking his head, 

Cried, " The day, mj sweet Chloe remember." 
The disconsolate lair one, then, lossing in bed, 
Agam courted sieep, but with pouting lip said, 

" Ob, the deuce take the First of September VI 


czarina: an anecdote of lord orford. 

It is well known that this nobleman was disordered 
in bis mind. Once, during an attack which was on 
him, he was confined to his chamber with an attend- 
ant ; but with all the latent artifice for which objects 
of this description are so remarkable, he contrived, by 
some plausible pretext, to get his keeper out of the 
room, and instantly jumped out of the window, ran to 
the stables, and saddled his pye-bailed poney, at the 
very time he well knew the grooms and stable attend- 
ants were all engaged. 

On that day his favourite bitch, old Czarina was to 
run a match of great consequence; the game-keepers 
had already taken her to the field, where a large par- 
ty were assembled, equally lamenting the absence 
of his lordship, and the cause by which his presence 
was prevented.— When, at the very moment of mutual 
regret and condolence, who should appear, at full 
speed on the pye-balled poney, but Lord Or ford him- 

His presence all bosoms appeared to dismay, 
His friends stood in silence and fear. 

But none had power to restrain him, all attempts and 
entreaties were in vain, the match he was determined 
to see ; and no persuasion whatever could influence 
him to the contrary. Finding no entreaties could dir 
vert him from the extatic expectation he had formed, 
the greyhounds were started, and Czarina won. Dur- 
ing the course, no human power or exertion could pre- 
vent him from riding after the dogs, more particularly 


as his favourite bitch displayed her superiority in eve- 
ry stroke ; when, in the moment of the highest exulta- 
tion and iii the eagerness of his triumph, unfortunately 
falling from his pcney, and pitching upon his head — 
whether occasioned by apoplexy, or such contusion upon 
the skull as instantly affected the brain— he almost im- 
mediately expired, to the inexpressible grief of those 
who surrounded him at the last moment of his life. 


In October 1800, a young man going into a place of* 
public entertainment at Paris, was told that his dog 
would not be permitted to enter; and he was accord- 
ingly left at the door with the guard. The young man 
had scarcely entered the lobby when his watch was 
stolen ; he returned to the guard, and prayed that his 
dog might be admitted, as through his means he might 
discover the thief. The dog was suffered to accompany 
his master, who intimated to the animal that he had 
lost something: the dog set out immediately in quest 
of the strayed article, and fastened on the thief, whose 
guilt on searching him was made apparent; the fellow 
had no less than six watches in his pocket, which be- 
ing laid before the dog, he distinguished his master's, 
took it up by the string, and bore it to him in safety. 


A gentleman, equally remarkable for the urba- 
nity of his manners, and the excellence of his fox- 
hounds, was addressed one evening in 'the following 
manner by his huntsman. — "An please your honour, 


sir, (twirling his quid and cap with mutual dexterity) 
I should be glad to be excused going to-morrow to 
Woolford Wood, because, as how, I should like to go 
and see my poor wife buried." — " I am really sorry for 
thee, Tom, (replied his master) we can do very well 
without thee for one day : she was an excellent wife I 
Notwithstanding, however, this kind permission, Tom 
■was the first in the field on the following morning. 
** Hey-dey ! (said his master) did I not give you leave 
to see the remains of your poor wife interred, and to 
pay the last tribute at her grave ?"---" Yes, your ho- 
nour, you did to be sure, but I thought as how, being 
a fine morning, we should have good sport of it; so I 
desired our Dick, the dog-feeder, to see her earthed /" 


Close by the borders of the fringed lake, 
And on the oak's expanding bough is seen ; 

What time the leaves the passing zephyrs shake, 
And sweetly murmur thro' the sylvan scene. 

The gaudy pheasant, rich with varying d'^-es^ 
That fade alternate, and alternate glow ;. 

Receiving now his colours from the skies, 
And now reflecting back the wat'ry bow. 

He flaps his wings, erects his spotted crest, 
His flaming eyes dart forth a piercing ray. 

He swells the lovely plumage of his breast, 
And glares a wonder on the orient day. 

Ah ! what avails such heav'nly plumes as thins., 
"When dogs and sportsmen in thy ruinjoin. 



The late Mr. O'Kelly, well known to all the lovers 
of the turf, having at a Newmarket-Meeting, proposed 
a considerable wager to a gentleman, who it seems had 
no knowledge of him ; the stranger suspecting the 
challenge came from one of the black-legged fraternity, 
begged to know what security he would give for so 
large a sum, if he should lose, and where his estates 
lay. " O ! by Jasus, my dear crater, I have the map 
of them about me, and here it is sure enough," said 
O'Kelly, pulling out a pocket book, and giving un- 
equivocal proofs of his property, by producing bank 
notes to a considerable amount. 


An old huntsman being on the point of death, re- 
quested his master would see a few legacies disposed 
of, as follows :— 

" Imprimis, I give to the sexton, for digging my 
grave, my tobacco-box. Item, to the clerk, for two 
staves, my gin-bottle with silver top. Item, to our 
sporting parson, Dr. Dasher, my silver-mounted whip, 
with old Merrilass and her litter of puppies engraved, 
for a funeral sarment (if he can make one) on the fol- 
lowing text— 

" Foxes have holes," &c. 

" An', please your honour (he continued) 1 have 
jaade some v arses too, to save the clerk the trouble> 


for my grave stone, if your honour will say something 
first about my birth, parentage, and education/' The 
gentleman promised, and he died. 

Here lies 

Timothy Fox, 

who was unkennelled 

at seven o'clock, November 5th, 1768 ; 

and having 

availed himself of many shifts thro' the chase, 

Vut at last not being able to get into any hole or crevfcv 

was run down 

by Captain Death's bloodhounds, 

Gout, Rheumatism, Dropsy, Catarrh, Asthma, 

and Consumption. 

From early youth I learnt to hoop and halloo, 

And o'er the Cotswold the sharp hound to follow J 

Oft at the dawn I've seen the glorious sun, 

Gang from the cast till he his course had ruth 

I was the fara'd Mendoza of the field, 

And to no huntsman would give in or yield j 

And when it fancied me to make a push, 

No daring Nimrod ever got the brush. 

But all my life-time death has hunted me, 

O'er hedge and gate, nor from him could I flee j 

Now he has caught my brush, and in this hole 

Earth my poor bones — " Farewel ! thou flowing bowl, 

Scented* with Reynard's foot, for death my rumf hath stole. 

* A custom with enthusiastic fox-hunters, to put a foot, or 
pad, of the fox killed into a bowl of punch; deduced, perhaps, 
from the unenlightened heroes amongst the ancient northern 
tribes, who thought the beverage more highly flavoured when 
drank out of the skulls of their enemies. The writer of the pre- 
sent anecdote must confess, that he has carried his ardour more 
than once so far, as to immerse the foot of a fox recently killed ia 
a bumper of port. 

f His aquavits. 



When this monarch was at Amboire, among other 
diversions for the ladies of his court, he ordered an 
enormous wild boar he had caught in the forest to be- 
let loose in the court before the castle. The animal 
enraged at the small darts, &c. thrown at him from 
the windows, ran furiously up the grand stair-case, and 
burst open the door of the ladies' apartment. Francis 
ordered his officers not to attack him, and waited de- 
liberately to receive him with the point of his hanger, 
which he dexterously plunged between his eyes, and,, 
with a forcible grasp, turned the boar upon his back.. 
This prince was^then but one and twenty years of age. 


When this monarch went out to hunt, ic was cus- 
tomary for his suite, to take with them forty bottles of 
wine, of which, however, he seldom tasted ; indeed, 
they were intended more for his servants than for him. 
One day the king was extremely thirsty, and asked for 
a glass of wine. " Sire, there is none left," said they, 
" Do you not always bring forty bottles ?" — '* Yes, 
Sire, but all is drank/'—" In future (said he) you will 
be so good as to bring forty-one, that at least one may 
be left for me. 


In the park at Goatherst, near Bridgewater, in So- 
mersetshire, the seat of Sir Charles Tynne, Bart, is 
erected a tomb to the memory of a favourite horse. 


The monument is adorend with the various trap- 
pings and accoutrements in which that animal is com- 
monly arrayed ; and in the centre are the following 


To the memory of one who was remarkably steady, 

these stones are erected. 

What he undertook, with spirit he accomplished j 

His deportment was graceful, nay noble j 

the ladies admired, and followed him ; 

by application, he gained applause. 

His abilities were so powerful, as to draw easily 

the divine, the lawyer, and the statesman 

into his own smooth track. 

Had he lived in the days of Charles I. the cavaliers 

would not have refused his assistance, for tojtbe reins of due go- 

vernmenthe was always obedient 

He was a favourite, yet at times he felt the wanton 

lash of lawless power. 

After a life of laborious servitude, performed like Clarendon's, 

with unimpeached fidelity, 

he, like that great man, was turned out of employment 

stript of all trappings, without place or pension : 

Yet, being endued with a generous forgiving temper, saint-Tike, 

not dreading futurity, he placidly met the hand 

appointed to be his assassin. 

Thus he died — an example to all mortals under the wide 

expanded canopy of heaven. 


Used in the Island of Cuba by the Spanish Chasseurs. 


The dogs carried out by the Chasseurs del Res, are 
perfectly broken in, that is to say, they will not kill 
the object they pursue unless resisted. On qoming up 


with a fugitive, they bark at him till he stops, they then 
-crouch near him, terrifying him with a ferocious growl* 
ing if he stirs. In this position they continue barking, 
to give notice to the chasseurs, who come up and se- 
cure their prisoner, each chasseur, though he can 
hunt only with two dogs properly, is obliged to have 
three, which he maintains at his own cost, and that at 
no small expense. These people live with their dogs, 
from which they are inseparable* At home the dogs 
>are kept chained, and when walking with their masters, 
are never unmuzzled, or let out of ropes, but for at- 
tack. They are constantly accompanied with one or 
two small dogs, called finders, whose scent is very 
keen, and always sure of hitting off a track. Dogs and 
bitches hunt equally well, and the chasseurs rear no more 
than will supply the- number required. This breed of 
dogs, iudeed, is not so prolific as the common kinds, 
though infinitely stronger and hardier. The animal 
is the si-ze of a very large hound, with ears erect, 
which are usually cropped at the points ; the nose 
more pointed, but widening very much towards the 
after-part of the jaw. His coat, or skin, is much 
harder thau that of most dogs, and so must be the 
whole structure of the body, as the severe beatings he 
undergoes in training would kill any other species of 
dog. There are some, but not many, of a more ob- 
tus nose, and which are rather squarer set. These, it 
may he presumed, have been crossed by the mastiff; 
but if by this the bulk has been a little increased, it has 
added nothing to the strength, height, beauty, or agi- 
lity of the native ureed. 


On a grave-stone on the north side of St. Nicholas Church, Nottingham. 

Here lieth the body of Thomas Booth, who de- 
parted this life the 26th day of March, A. D. 1752, 
eged 7o. 

Here lies a marksman, who with art and skill 
When young and strong, fat Bucks and Doe? did kill. 
Now conquered by grim death ; go, reader tell it, 
He's now took leave of powder^ gun, and pellet. 
A fatal dai r, which in the dark did ^y, 
Has dropt him down among the dead to lie. 
If any wants to know the poor slave's name, 
'Twas old Tom Booth, ne'er ask from whom he came. 
He's hither sent, and surely such another, 
Ne'er issued from the belly of a mother. 

It is said, that the deceased composed the above 
previous to his death, and requested it might be 
placed on his grave-stone. He was a sportsman and 
very fond of buck-killing. 


In January 179^1 & most remarkable adventure 
happened with the hounds belonging to his Grace the 
Duke of Beaufort :— They had unkennelled at Stanton 
Park, when after a most excellent chase over a long 
scope of country, Reynard being close pressed, and 
nature nearly exhausted, in the last moments of des- 
pondency he entered a cottage at Castle Coambe, and 
actually took refuge in a cradle, from which but a 
very few minutes before a woman had providentially 


taken her infant. This last exertion of strength and 
sagacity for the preservation of life, was, however, al- 
most immediately rendered abortive ; for the " well- 
seented hounds," steady to " the adhesive attack," 
were not foiled to a fault, but entering the hovel, 
seized upon their devoted victim, and dragging him 
from " his lurking place," effected his immediate de- 


One of the earliest in. the order of time, in this 
country, occurred in the year 1604, in the reign of 
James I. when John Lepton, Esq. of Kenwick, in 
Yorkshire, who was one of his Majesty's grooms, un- 
dertook to ride five times between London and York, 
from Monday morning till Saturday night. He ac- 
cordingly set out from St. Martin's-le-Grand, between 
two and three in the morning of the 26th of May, and 
arrived at York on the same day, between five and 
six in the afternoon ; rested there that night, and the 
next day returned to St. Martin's-le-Grand, about 
seven in the evening, where he staid till about three 
o'clock the next morning. He reached York, a se- 
cond time, about seven at night, from whence be set 
off again for London about three in the morning, and 
reached London between seven and eight. He set off 
again for York between two and three in the morning 
following, and getting there between seven and eight 
at night, completed his undertaking in five days. On 
the monday following he left York, and came to his 
Majesty's court at Greenwich, as fresh and as cheer- 
ful as when he first set out. 


In the year 16*19, on the 17th cf July, one Bernard 
Calvert, of Andover, rode from St. George's church, 
Southwark, to Dover, from thence passed by barge 
to Calais, in France, and from thence back to St. 
George's church, the same day ; setting out about 
three o'clock in the morning, and returning about 
eight in the evening, fresh and hearty. 

In 1701, Mr. Sinclair, a gentleman, of Kirby Lons- 
dale, in Cumberland, for a wager of five hundred 
guineas, rode a galloway of his, on the Swift, at Car- 
lisle, a thousand miles in a thousand successive hours. 

In 1745, Mr. Cooper Thornhill, master of the Bell 
Inn, at Stilton, in Huntingdonshire, made a match, for 
a considerable sum, to ride three times between Stil- 
ton and London. He was allowed as many horses as 
he pleased, and to perform it in fifteen hours. He 
accordingly started on Monday, April 29, 1745, and 

h. to. sec. 
From Stilton to Shoreditch church, Lon- 
don, (71 miles) in - 
From London to Stilton in - 
From Stilton to London in - 

Which was two hundred and thirteen miles in ele- 
ven hours, thirty-three minutes, and fifty-two seconds; 
and three hours, twenty-six minutes, and eight se- 
conds within the time allowed him. 

On Wednesday, June 27, 1759, Jennison Shafto, 
Esq. performed a match against time, on Newmarket 
Heath; the conditions of which were, he was to ride 
fifty miles (having as many horses as he pleased) in 
two successive hours, which he accomplished with ten 












horses, in one hour, forty-nine minutes and seventeen 

In 1761, a match was made between Jennison Shafto 
and Hugo Meynel, Esqrs. for two thousand guineas; 
Mr. Shafto to get a person to ride one hundred miles 
a day (on any one horse each day) for twenty-nine 
days together ; to have any number of horses not ex- 
ceeding twenty-nine. The person chose by Mr. Shafto 
was Mr. John Woodcock, who started on Newmarket- 
Heath, the 4th of May, 176l, atone o'clock in the 
morning, and finished (having used only fourteen 
horses) on the first of June, about six in the evening. 

On Tuesday, August the J 4th, 1773, at thirty-five 
minutes past ten in the evening, was determined a 
match between Thomas Walker's, Esq. hackney geld- 
ing and Captain Adam Hay's road mare, to' go from 
London to York. Mr. Walker rode his horse, and 
and Captain Mulcaster rode for Mr. Hay. They set 
out from Portland street, London, and Captain Mul- 
caster, with the winning mare, arrived at Ouse-bridge, 
York, in forty hours, and thirty-five minutes. Mr. 
Walker's horse tired within six miles of Tadcaster, and 
died the next day. The mare drank twelve bottles of 
wine during her journey, and on the following Thurs- 
day was so well as to take her exercise on Knaves- 

The last week in September, 1781, a great match 
of four hundred and twenty miles in one whole week, 
was rode over Lincoln two-mile course, and wen by 
Richard Hanstead, of Lincoln, and his famous grey 
horse, with great ease, having three hours and a half 
to spare. 



October the 3 5th, 1783, Samuel Haliday, a but- 
cher of Leeds, undertook, for a bet of ten pounds, to 
ride from Leeds to Rochdale, from thence to York, 
and back again to Leeds (one hundred and ten miles) 
in twenty hours. He started at ten o'clock at night, 
upon a slender mare not fourteen hands high ; and 
though he rode above fourteen stone, he finished his 
journey with ease, in less than eighteen hours. 

December 29th, 1786, Mr. Hull's horse Quibbler, 
run a match for a thousand guineas, twenty-three 
miles in one hour, round the Flat at Newmarket, 
which he performed in fifty-seven minutes and ten se- 

August 15tb, 1792. To decide a wager of fifty 
pounds, between Mr. Cooper and Mr. Brewer of 
Stamford, the latter gentleman's horse, Labourer, ran 
twenty times round the race ground (exactly a mile) at 
Preston, in fifty- four minutes. 

In October 1791, at the Curragh meeting in Ireland, 
Mr. Wilde, a sporting gentleman, made bets to the 
amount of two thousand guineas, to ride against time, 
viz. one hundred and twenty-seven "English miles in 
•nine hours. On the 6th of October he started, in a 
valley near the Curragh course, where two miles were 
measured, in a circular direction : each time he en- 
compassed the course it was regularly marked. Dur- 
ing the interval of changing horses, he refreshed him- 
self with a mouthful of brandy and water, and was no 
more than six hours and twenty-one minutes, in com- 
pleting the one hundred and twenty-seven miles ; of 
course he had two hours and thirty-five minutes to 
spare. — Mr. Wilde had no more than ten horses, but 
they were all blood, and from the stud of Da- 


ley, Esq. — Whilst on horseback, without allowing any 
thing for changing of horses, he rode at the rate of 
twenty miles an hour, for six hours. He was so little 
fatigued with this extraordinary performance, that he 
was at the Turf Club-House, in Kildare, the same 

The expedition of the express, with the account of 
the drawing of the Irish lottery, for 1792, has never 
yet been equalled, as will appear from the following 
road bill of the third day's express, Nov. 15, 1792. 

tn. h. m. 

Holyhead to Birmingham - - l63l in 11 45 

Birmingham to Stratford upon Avon 231 2 4 

Stratford upon Avon to London - 105 f 45 

292 20 94 

October the 14th, 1791, a trotting match took place 
on the Romford road, between Mr. Bishop ? s brown 
mare, 18 years old, and Mr. Green's chesnut gelding, 
six years old, twelve stone each, for fifty guineas a 
side ; which was won with ease by Mr. Bishop's mare. 
They were to trot sixteen miles, which the mare per- 
formed in fifty-six minutes and some seconds. 


On Sunday, the 29th of October, 1802, about 
two o'clock, just as the fashionable world were begin- 
ning to collect in Hyde Park, an awful lesson presented 
itself to those Photonic Meteors, who are so eternally 
anxious to obtain a superiority over each other, by the 


blaze of their individual brilliancy. A gentleman of 
the name of D. entering the Park from the turnpike, 
in his curricle, with a pair of blood bay horses, had 
not got more than six times the length of his carriage 
within the gate, when the horses, either from instinc- 
tive spirit, not accustomed to the restraint of harness, 
or alarmed with the rattling of the carriages, began to 
be a little rampant. Here unfortunately, the driver, 
either by design or accident, happening to strike one 
of the horses with the whip, he instantly made an ef-. 
fort at speed, which his companion, being rather more 
obedient to the bit, seemed for a moment reluctantly 
to comply with ; but the force of emulative inspira- 
tion was too great to suppress, and they jointly over- 
came the power opposed to their exertions. As the 
speed of the horses increased, the dread and anxiety 
t )f the numerous spectators became on every side per- 
ceptible, and infinite personal but ineffectual efforts 
-were made to render assistance. They took the left- 
liand road toward the canal and magazine, over the 
gravel recently laid down ; at the first gate on the 
right, the groom, by a sudden jerk upon the large 
stones, was either thrown or jumped out ; and, sus- 
taining no injury, instantly followed, in hope of assist- 
ing his master, who firmly kept his seat, the horses 
going at the extent of their speed, threatening in- 
evitable destruction. Reaching the side of the canal, 
and no prospect presenting itself but being dashed to 
atoms, by a continuance of their career becoming, if 
possible, more and more impetuous, he, at this mo- 
ment, used all his force to guide them into the water ; 
they obeyed the reins, took the canal, and, although 
m the greatest danger of being lost, they regained the 


land, and were got again into the road, when every 
heart was elate, upon a presumption the worst was 
past ; and a person had, with great personal fortitude, 
seized the off-horse by the bridle, and continued to- 
persevere till compelled to relinquish bis hold for the 
preservation of his own life. 

Here the loud supplications of Mr. D. for assistance, 
were most distressing to every human mind, unable ta 
afford the least relief; in which dilemma of mental 
despondency and desperation, he, perhaps most fortu- 
nately, once more guided them towards that deep they 
had before escaped, where the great body of water, by 
the time they were chest deep, had retarded their 
speed, and they seemed to be brought up ; but in the 
very act of turning, when their heads were pointing 
for the land, the off horse being upon the edge of the 
great depth, lost foot-hold, when a scene shocking to 
behold instantly ensued; the weight of the sinking 
horse gradually subdued every effort of the other, till 
only their heads were seen abovejthe surface ; during 
which the curricle continued sinking, the body of Mr* 
D. doing so likewise^ till only his head was percepti- 
ble, at which moment, the groans of the horses, and 
lamentations of the driver, exceed the power of the 
pen to describe; and never can be obliterated from 
the mind of the writer, who was a near and miserable 
spectator of the whole. At the critical instant, when 
it was supposed no effort could save his life, two per- 
sons, who had from the first made a determined point 
at relief, plunged into the stream up to their breasts, 
and most happily preserved his life at the hazard of 
their own. The horses after long struggling, were-' 


both drowned, and left in the canal, the curricle was 
brought to shore by the boat. 


When this accomplished cideiant nobleman was 
ambassador to England, he was going to lord Town* 
send's seat, at-Rainham, in Norfolk, on a private visit, 
en dishabille f and with only one servant, when he was 
obliged by a very heavy shower to stop at a farm- 
house in the way. The master of the house was a 
clergyman, who, to a poor curacy, added the care of a 
few scholars in the neighbourhood, which in all might 
make his living about eighty pounds a year: this was 
all he had to maintain a wife and six children, When 
the duke alighted, the clergyman, not knowing h'tii 
rank, begged him to come in and dry-himself, which 
the other accepted, by borrowing a pair of old worsted 
stockings and slippers, and warming himself by a good 
fire. After some conversation, the duke observed an 
old chess-board hanging up; and, as he was pas- 
sionately fond of that game, he asked the clergyman 
whether he could play. The latter told him that he 
could play pretty tolerably, but found it difficult in that 
part of the country to get an antagonist. " I am your 
man," says the duke. " With all my heart," answers 
the clergyman, " and if you will stay and take pot- 
luck, I will see if I cannot beat you/' The day conti- 
nuing rainy, the duke accepted his ofTer, when his an- 
tagonist played so much better, that he won every 
game. r l his was so far from fretting the duke, that he 
was pleased to meet a man who could give him so 
much entertainment at his favourite game. He accor- 


dingly enquired into the state of his family affairs, and 
making a memorandum of his address, without disco- 
vering his title, thanked him, and departed. 

Some months elapsed, and the clergyman never 
thought of the matter, when, one evening, a footman 
rode up to the door, and presented him with a note — « 
" The duke de Nivernois' compliments wait on the 

Rev. Mr. , and as a remembrance for the good 

drubbing he gave him at chess, begs that he will accept 
the living of - ■ worth 4001. per annum, and that he 
will wait upon his grace the duke of Newcastle on Fri-. 
day next, to thank him for the same." 

The good clergyman, was some time before he could 
imagine it to be any more than a jest, and hesitated to 
obey the mandate; but as his wife insisted on his 
making a trial, he went up to town, and to his un- 
speakable satisfaction, found the contents of the not* 
literally true. 


One of the Oxford dragoon horses, quartered a£ 
Leominster, in the neighbourhood of Ludlow, Shrop- 
shire, having got loose in the stable, had the curiosity 
to march up a crooked stair-case into the hay-loft, 
with a view, no doubt, to examine his stock of pro- 
visions ; it is supposed he must have been there at 
least two hours, when his rider coming to the stable,, 
and missing his horse, was thunderstruck, knowing he 
had the key in his pocket. The poor fellow, not 
having the least suspicion of his horse being up stairs, 
run like a madman to inform an officer of his loss, but 
had scarcely got twenty yards, when the animal (e^* 


lilting in his station) put bis head through the pitching 
hole and neighed aloud. The astonishment of the sol- 
dier, and the whole neighbourhood, can be better con- 
ceived than described. Every stratagem that could 
be devised was made use of, to lead or force him down 
the stairs, but all in vain; he saw the danger, and was 

The horse, ran a considerable time, trotting and 
snorting about the loft, to the no small diversion of 
the spectators ; at length, having wearied their efforts 
and patience, he accidentally trod upon the only vul- 
nerable part of the floor, a trap door which covered a 
hole for sacking hops, 27 inches by 23, which being 
made of weaker boards than the rest, gave way ; and 
his hinder part going down through, till his feet, touch- 
ed the ground, he remained a few seconds in that posi- 
tion, and then disappeared, (like Harlequin in a pan- 
tomime, or the methodist parson into the washing tub) 
and dropped into the very posture and place in which 
he before stood in his stall, without any hurt ex- 
cept the loss of a few hairs off one of his legs, and a 
piece of skin, the size of a shilling, off his whiskers. 

The spectators could not forbear expressing trieir won- 
der, that the creature could fall through so small a 
hole without greater injury. 


Edward Stevens, a noted jockey in the neigh- 
bourhood of Windsor, made a bet with a sporting gen- 
tleman of great celebrity in the annals of Newmarket, 
that he would produce a pair of horses from his own 


tud, who should trot in a tandem from Windsor to 
Hampton Court, a distance of sixteen miles, within the 
hour. The day being fixed, they performed the jour- 
ney, with great ease, in fifty- seven minutes and thirteen 
seconds. They were driven by Mr. James Stevens, 
brother to the owner, who, by his excellent manage- 
ment, was the chief cause of their being so little dis- 
tressed by the exertion. 



A huntsman was leading forth his hounds, on* 
morning, to the chase, and had linked several of the 
young dogs in couples, to prevent their following every 
scent, and hunting in a disorderly manner, as their 
own inclination and fancy should direct them. Among, 
others, it was the fate of Jowler and Vixen to be yoked 
together. Jowler and Vixen were both young and in- 
experienced, but had for some time been constant 
companions, and seemed to have entertained a great 
fondness for each other; they used to be perpetually 
playing together, and in any quarrel that happened, 
always took one another's part; it might have been. 
expected, therefore, that it would not be disagreeable 
to them to be still closer united. However, in fact, it 
proved otherwise ; they had not long been joined to- 
gether, before both parties began to express uneasiness- 
at their present situation. Different inclinations and 
opposite wills began to discover and exert themselves ; 
if one chose to go this way, the other was eager to take 
the contrary; if one was pressing to go forward, the- 
©ther was sure to lag behind— Vixen pulled back- Jow^ 
Q 5 


Jer, and Jowler dragged along Vixen— Jowler growled 
at Vixen, and Vixen snapped at Jowler. At last it 
came to a downright quarrel amongst them ; and 
Jowler treated Vixen in a very rough and ungenerous 
manner, without any regard to the inferiority of her 
strength, or the tenderness of her sex. As they were 
thus continually vexing and tormenting one another, 
an old hound, who had observed all that passed, came 
up to them, and thus reproved them: — " What a cou- 
ple of silly puppies you are, to be thus perpetually 
worrying one another at this rate ! What hinders 
your going on peaceably and quietly together? Can- 
not you compromise the matter between you, by each 
consulting the other's inclination ? At least, try to 
make a virtue of necessity, and submit to what you 
cannot remedy; you cannot get rid of the chain, but 
you may make it sit easy upon you. I am an old dog, 
and let my age and experience instruct you. When 1 
was in the same circumstances with you, I soon found 
the thwarting my companion was only tormenting my- 
self; and my yoke-fellow came into the same way of 
thinking. We endeavoured to join in the same pur- 
suits, and to follow one another's inclination ; and so 
we jogged on together, not only with ease and quiet, 
but with comfort and pleasure. We found, by expe- 
rience, that mutual compliance not only compensates 
for liberty, but is even attended with a satisfaction and 
delight beyond what liberty itself can give." 



Beneath this turf a female lies, 
That once the boast of fame was ; 

Have patience, reader, if you're wise r 
You'll then know what her name was. 

In days of youth, (be censure blind) 
To men she wou'd be creeping ; 

When 'mongst the many one prov'd kind 
And took her into — keeping. 

Then to the stage* she bent her way, 
Where more applauded none wasj 

She gain'd new lovers ev 'ry day, 
.But constant still to -one was. 

By players, poets, peers, address'd, 
Nor bribe nor flattery mov'd her i 

And tho' by all the men caress'd, 
Yet all the — women lov'd her. 

Some kind remembrance then bestow 

Upon the peaceful sleeper; 
Her name was Phielis, you must know ; 

One Hawthorn was her keeper. 

* A little spaniel bitch strayed into the Theatre, in Drury=> 
Lane, and fixed upon Mr. Beard as her master and protector, 
was constantly at his heels, and ai tended him on the stage in the 
character of Hawthorn. She died much. lamented, not only by 
her master, who was a membei 01 the Beef-Steak Club, but by all 
the members ; at one of their meetings, as many as chose it, were 
requested to furnish, at the next meeting, an epitaph. Among 
divers, preference was given to the above, trom the pen ot the 
late worthy John Walton, to whom the club xvere obluert -or 
the wen known baitad of " Ned and .\eiJ,' ; a*;d some beautiful 




An extraordinary event occurred no longer since 
than June, 1795, upon the frontiers of Kiow, upon 
the Dniper, in Russia ; when a man was seen fast tied 
upon the back of a stag, which, probably terrified with 
this uncommon burden, was going at full speed. It 
was to no purpose that the spectators attempted to 
stop, or pursue the animal; it was soon out of sight, 
and about eight days after the wood-cutters found both 
of them dead in a wood, near Miedzyryez, in Poland ; 
the man was so much torn and mangled, as to render 
any recognizance of his person impossible. It was,, 
however, conjectured, that he had been the victim of 
some great lord. 

A similar circumstance we are informed, occurred 
in the neighbourhood of Friedberg, in the sixteenth 
century, through which place, a man chained to the 
back of a stag, was seen to pass, and distinctly heard 
to cry for assistance, saying he had been three days in 
that dreadful situation, the stag having brought him 
all the way from Saxony. Some time after the man. 
and the beast were both found, almost torn to pieces,, 
near the city of Solnis. 


A gentleman travelling, about thirty years ago^ 
through Mecklen burgh, was witness to the following 
curious circumstance, in the post-house of New Star- 
gard. After dinner, the landlord placed on the floor 
a large dish of soup, and gave a loud whistle. Imme* 


diately there came into the room, a mastiff, a fine 
-Angora cat, an old raven, and a remarkably large rat, 
with a bell about his neck. The four immediately 
went to the dish, and without disturbing each other, 
fed together; after which, the dog, cat, and rat lay 
before the fire, while the raven hopped about the 
room. The landlord, after accounting for the fami- 
liarity existing among the four, informed the guests 
that the rat was the most useful of them, as the noise 
he made with his bell had completely cleared the house 
from the rats and mice with which it was before in- 


By Mr. Pennant, and other eminent writers. 

The fox is a native of almost every quarter of the 
globe, and is of such a wild nature, that it is impos- 
sible fully to tame him. He is esteemed the most sa- 
gacious and most crafty of all beasts of prey. The 
former quality he shews in his mode of providing him- 
self an asylum, where he retires from pressing dangers, 
where he dwells, and where he brings up his young : 
and his craftiness is discovered by his schemes to catch 
lambs, geese, hens, and all kinds of small birds. The 
fox, if possible, fixes his abode on the border of a 
wood, in the neighbourhood of some farm or village : 
he listens to the crowing of the cocks and the cries of 
the poultry ; he scents them at a distance ; he chuses 
his time with judgment; he conceals his road as well 
as his design; he slips forward with caution, some- 
times even trailing his body, and seldom makes a fruit- 
less expedition. If he can leap the wall, or get in 


underneath, he ravages the court-yard, puts all to 
death, and retires softly with his prey, which he either 
hides under the herbage, or carries off to his kennel. He 
returns in a few minutes for another, which he carries 
off or conceals in the same manner, but in a different 
place. In this way he proceeds till the progress of the 
sun, or some movements perceived in the house, ad- 
vertise him that it is time to suspend his operations, 
and to retire to his den. He plays the same game with 
the catchers of thrushes, woodcocks, &c. He visits 
the nets and birdlime very early in the morning, car- 
ries off successively the birds which are entangled, and 
lays them in different places, especially by the sjde9 
of highways, in the furrows, under the herbage or" 
brushwood, where they sometimes lie two or three 
days; but he knows perfectly where to find them when 
he is in need. He hunts the young hares in the plains,, 
seizes old ones in their seats, digs out the rabbits in the 
warrens, discovers the nests of partridges and quails, 
seizes the mother on the- eggs, and destroys a vast 
quantity of game. He is exceedingly voracious, and,, 
when other food fails him, makes war against rats, 
field mice, serpents, lizards, and toads. Of these he 
destroys vast numbers, and this is the only service that 
he appears to do to mankind. When urged by hunger 
he will also eat roots or insects ; and the foxes near 
the coasts will devour crabs, shrimps, or shell -fish. 
In France and Italy they do incredible mischief, by 
feeding on grapes, of which they are excessively fond. 
We are told by Buffon, that he sometimes attacks 
bee-hives, and the nests ot wasps, for the sake of what 
he can find to eat: and that he frequently meets with 
so rough a reception, as to force him to retire, that 


he may roll on the ground and crush those that are 
stinging him; but having thus rid himself of his trou- 
blesome companions, he instantly returns to the charge, 
and obliges them at length to forsake their combs, 
and leave them to him as the reward of his victory. 
When pressed by necessity he will devour carrion. " I 
once (says M. Buffon) suspended on a tree, at the height 
of nine feet, some meat, bread, and bones. The foxes 
had been at severe exercise during the night; for next 
morning the earth all round was beaten, by their jump- 
ing, as smooth as a barn-floor." 

The fox exhibits a great degree of cunning in digging 
young rabbits out of their burrows. He does not en- 
ter the hole, for in this case he would have to dig se- 
veral feet along the ground, under the surface of the 
earth ; but he follows their scent above, till he comes 
to the end, where they lay, and then scratching up 
the earth, descends immediately upon, and devours 

Pontoppidan informs us, that when the fox observes 
an otter to go into the water to fish, he, will frequently 
hide himself behind a stone, and when the otter comes 
to shore with his prey, he will make such a spring upon 
him, that the affrighted animal runs off, and leaves 
his booty behind. " A certain person (continues this 
writer) was surprised on seeing a fox near a fisherman's 
house, laying a parcel of to rsks'* heads in a row: he 
waited the event; the fox hid himself behind them, 
and made a booty of the first crow that came for a bit 
of them/' 

* A species of cod. 


The fox prepares for himself a convenient den, in 
which he lies concealed during the greater part of the 
day. This is so contrived, as to afford the best pos- 
sible security to the inhabitant, being situated under 
hard ground, the roots of trees, &c. and is besides fur- 
nished with proper outlets, through which he may 
escape in ease of necessity. This care and dexterity 
in constructing for himself a habitation, is, by M. Buf- 
fon, considered as alone sufficient to rank the fox 
among the higher order of quadrupeds, since it implies 
no small degree of intelligence. 

" The fox (says he) knows how to ensure his safety, 
by providing himself with an asylum to which he re- 
tires from pressing dangers, where he dwells, and where 
he brings up his young. He is not a vagabond, but 
lives settled in a domestic state. This difference, 
though it appears even among men, has greater effects, 
and supposes more powerful causes among the inferior 
animals. The single idea of a habitation, or settled 
place of abode, the art of making it commodious, and. 
concealing the avenues to it, imply a superior degree- 
of sentiment." 

He is one of those animals that, in this country, are 
made objects of diversion in the chase. When he finds^ 
himself pursued, he generally makes towards his hole, 
and penetrating to the bottom, lies till a terrier is sent 
in to him. If his den is under a rock r or the roots of 
trees, which is often the case, he is safe, for the ter- 
rier is no match for him there; and he cannot be dug 
out by his enemies. When the retreat to his kennel is 
cut off, his stratagems and shifts to escape are as sur- 
prising as they are various. He always takes to the 
most woody parts of the country, and prefers the paths 


that are most embarrassed with thorns and briars. 
He runs in a direct line before the hounds, and at no 
great distance from them; and, if hard pushed, seeks 
the low wet grounds, as if conscious that the scent did 
not lie so well there. When overtaken he becomes ob- 
stinately desperate, and bravely defends himself against 
the teeth of his adversaries, even to the last gasp. 

Dr. Goldsaiith relates a remarkable instance of the 
parental affection of this animal, which, he says, oc- 
curred near Chelmsford. " A she fox that had, as it 
should seem, but one cub, was unkennelled by a gen- 
tleman's hounds, and hotly pursued. The poor ani- 
mal, braving every danger, rather than leave her cub 
behind to be worried by the dogs, took it up in her 
mouth, and ran with it in this manner for some miles; 
at last, taking her way through a farmer's yard, she 
was assaulted by a mastiff, and at length obliged to 
drop her cub ; this was taken up by the farmer." And, 
we are happy to add, that the affectionate creature 
escaped the pursuit, and got off in safety. 

Of all animals, the fox has the most significant eye, 
by which is expressed every passion of love, fear, ha- 
tred. &c. He is remarkahlv r»lavful : but. like all w*rr<* 
• -■ j i — v — * ' *■&"* 

creatures half reclaimed, will on the least offence bite 
even those with whom he is most familiar. He is never 
to be fully tamed : he languishes when deprived of 
liberty; and, if kept too long in a domestic state, he 
dies of chagrin. When abroad, he is often seen to 
amuse himself with his fine bushy tail, running some- 
times for a considerable while in circles to catch it. 
In cold weather he wraps it about his nose. 

The fox is very common in Japan. The natives be** 
lieve him to be animated by the devil, and their histo- 


rical and sacred writings are all full of strange accounts 
respecting him. 

He possesses astonishing acuteness of smell. During 
winter he makes an almost continual yelping, but in 
summer, when he sheds his hair, he is for the most 
part silent. 

In the northern countries there is a black fox, a va- 
riety of the common fox. The Kamtschadales in- 
formed Dr. Grieve that these were once so numerous 
with them, that whenever they fed their dogs, it was 
a difficult piece of labour to prevent them from par- 
taking. .The doctor says, that when he was in Kamts- 
chatka, they were in such plenty near the forts, that 
in the night they entered them, without any apparent 
apprehension of danger from the dogs of the country. 
One of the inhabitants, he informs us, caught several 
of them in the pit where he kept his fish. 

The mode usually adopted by the inhabitants for 
taking them, is by traps baited with live animals: and, 
for the greater security, two or three of these traps 
are placed upon one hillock, that, whatever way the 
foxes approach, they may fall into one of them. This 
is found necessary, since those which have been once 
in danger, ever afterwards go so cautiously to work, as 
frequently to eat t ! e bait without being seised. But, 
with all their cunning, when several traps are em- 
ployed, it is difficult for them to escape. Their skins 
are very valuable. 


The ingenious Dr. W. Hutton, of Birmingham, in 
a late publication, in which he gives an account ol 


several singularities which he met with in a recent 
journey through a part of Derbyshire, adds, " But the 
greatest wonder I saw, was Miss Phebe Brown, in 
person five feet six, about thirty, well proportioned, 
round sized and ruddy, a dark penetrating eye, which, 
the moment it fixes upon your face, stamps your cha- 
racter, and that with precision. Her step, pardon me 
the Irishism, is more manly than a man's, and can 
easily cover forty miles a day. Her common dress is a 
man's hat, coat, and a spencer over it," and mens' shoes. 
J believe she is a stranger to breeches. She can lift 
one hundred weight with each hand, and carry four- 
teen score. Can sew, knit, cook, and spin, but hates 
them all, and every accompanyment to the female 
character, except that of modesty. A. gentleman at 
the New Bath recently treated her so rudely, * that 
she had a good mind to have knocked him down.' She 
positively assured me, that she did not know what 
fear was — she never gives any affront, but will offer to 
fight any man who gives her one — if she has not fought, 
perhaps it is owing to the insulter's being a coward, for 
none else would give an affront. She has strong sense ? 
an excellent judgment, says some smart things, and 
supports an easy freedom in all companies. Her voice 
is more than masculine, it is deep-toned ; the wind in 
her favour, she can send it a mile; has no beard, or 
prominence of breast; accepts any kind of manual la- 
bour, as holding the plough, driving the team, thatch- 
ing the ricks, &c. but her chief avocation is horse- 
breaking, at a guinea a week ; always rides without a 
saddle; is supposed the best judge of a horse, cow, &c. 
i-n the country, and is trequentl) requested to purchase 
for others at the neighbouring fairs. She is loud oi 


Milton, Pope, Shakespeare, also of music; is self* 
taught; performs on several instruments, the vio- 
lin, &c. 

She is an excellent marhswoman y and, like her bro- 
ther sportsmen, carries her gun upon her shoulder. 
She eats no beef, or pork, and but little mutton, her 
chief food is milk, and also her drink, discarding wine, 
ale, and spirits/' 


Soon after Mr. Putnam removed to Connecticut, 
the wolves, then very numerous, broke into his sheep- 
iold, and killed seventy fine sheep and goats, besides 
wounding many lambs and kids. This havoc was 'com- 
mitted by a she-wolf, which, with her annual whelps, 
had for several years infested the vicinity. The young 
were commonly destroyed by the vigilance of the hun- 
ters, but the old one was too sagacious to come within 
gun-shot; upon being closely pursued, she would ge- 
nerally fly to the western woods, and return the next 
winter with another litter of whelps. 

This wolf at length became such an intolerable, 
nuisance, that Mr. Putnam entered into a combina- 
tion with five of his neighbours to hunt alternately un- 
til they could destroy her. Two, by rotation, were to 
be constantly in pursuit. It was known that, having 
lost the toes from one foot by a steel trap, she made 
one track shorter than the other. By this vestige, the 
pursuers recognized, in a light snow, the route of this 
pernicious animal. Having followed her to Connec- 
ticut river, and found she had turned back in a direct 
course towards Pomfret, they immediately returned, 
and by ten the next morning the blood-hounds had. 


driven her into a den, about three miles from Mr, 
Putnam's house. The people soon collected, with dogs, 
straw, fire, and sulphur, to attack the common enemy* 
With this apparatus several unsuccessful efforts were 
made to force her from the den. The hounds came 
back badly wounded, and refused to return. The 
smoke of blazing straw had no effect : nor did the fumes 
of burnt brimstone, with which the cavern was filled, 
compel her to quit the retirement. Wearied with such 
fruitless attempts, (which had brought the time till ten 
o'clock at night) Mr, Putnam tried once more to make 
his dog enter, but in vain! He proposed to his negro- 
man to go down into the cavern and shoot the wolf; 
the negro declined the hazardous service. Then it 
was, that their master, angry at the disappointment, 
and declaring that he was ashamed to have a coward 
in his family* resolved himself to destroy this ferocious 
beast, least she should escape through some unknown 
fissure of the rock. His neighbours strongly remon- 
strated against the perilous enterprize : but he, know- 
ing that wild animals were intimidated by fire, and 
having provided several strips of birch-bark, the only 
combustible material which he could obtain that would 
afford light in this deep and darksome cave, prepared 
for his descent. Accordingly, divesting himself of his 
coat and waiscoat, and having a long rope fastened 
round his legs, by which he might be pulled back at a 
concerted signal, he entered head foremost, with the 
blazing torch in his hand. 

The aperture of the den, on the east side of a very 
high ledge of rocks, is about two feet square; from 
thence it descends obliquely fifteen feet, then running 
horizontally about ten more, it ascends gradually six- 



teen feet towards its termination. The sides of this 
subterraneous cavity are composed of smooth and solid 
rocks, which seem to have been divided from each 
other by an earthquake. The top and bottom are also 
•of stone, and the entrance in winter being covered 
with ice, is exceedingly slippery. It is in no place 
high enough for a man to raise himself upright, nor in 
any part more than three feet in width. 

Having groped his passage to the horizontal part of 
the den, the most terrifying darkness appeared in fiont 
of the dim circle of light afforded by his torch. It was 
silent as the house of death. None but monsters of 
the desert had ever before exploded this solitary man- 
sion of horror. He cautiously proceeded onward, came 
to the ascent, which he slowly mounted on his hands 
and knees, until he discovered the glaring eye-balls of 
the wolf, which was sitting at the extremity of the 
cavein. Startled at the sight of the fire, she gnashed 
her teeth, and gave a sullen growh As soon as he had 
made the necessary discovery, he kicked the rope, as 
a signal for pulling him out. The people at the mouth 
of the den, who had listened with painful anxiety, 
hearing the growling of the wolf, and supposing their 
friend to be in the most imminent danger, drew him 
forth with such celerity, that his shirt was stripped 
ov$r his head, and his skin was severely lacerated. 
After he had adjusted his cloaths, and loaded his gun 
with nine buck-shot, holding a torch in one hand, and 
the musket in the other, he descended a second time, 
when he drew nearer than before; the wolf assuming 
a still more fierce and terrible appearance, howling, 
rolling her eyes, snapping her teeth, and, dropping 
her head between her legs, was evidently in the at- 


titude, and on the point of springing at him. At the 
critical instant he levelled, and fired at her head. 
Stunned with the shock, and suffocated with the smoke, 
he immediately found himself drawn out of the cave; 
but having refreshed himself, and permitted the smoke 
to dissipate, he went down the third time. Being come 
within sight of the wolf, who appearing very passive, 
he applied the torch to her nose, and perceiving her 
dead, he took hold of her ear, and then kicking the 
rope (well tied to his legs), the people above, with no 
small exultation, drew them both out together. 


There is a well-authenticated anecdote of g cock, 
that, by crowing, clapping his wings, &c. shewed such 
spirit on board the gallant Rodney's ship, during the 
battle on the very memorable 12th of April ; the fol- 
lowing may be added as a counter-part to it: — 

At the commencement of the action which took 
place between the Nymph and Cleopatra, during the 
late war, there was a large Newfoundland dog on board 
the former vessel, which, the moment the firing be- 
gan, ran from below deck, in spite of the^men to keep 
him down, and climbing up into the main chains, he 
there kept up a continual barking, and exhibited the 
most violent rage during the whole engagement. When 
the Cleopatra struck, he was among the foremost to 
board her, and there walked up and clown the decks, 
seemingly conscious of the victory he had gained. 



Two gamekeepers belonging to the Hon. Mrs* 
Leigh, at Stanley Abbey, were dragging a part of the 
river Avon, under Bericott Wood : within sight of the 
Abbey-door they caught a pike, which after laying on 
the bank some time, attempted to disgorge something: 
he was immediately opened, and another pike taken 
out of him, which measured, from the extremity of its 
head to the end of the tail, two feet two inches and a 
half; weighed four pounds and a half, and the fish it 
was taken out of, weighed sixteen pounds* 


As Captain Laing, a gentleman in the army, was 
driving his gig down the road from St. Peter's, at 
Broadstairs, into the village, by some accident the ani- 
mal took fright in coming down the hill, ran with great 
violence past the corner in the open street, and took 
for the parade on the beach, which is directly opposite. 
In the small distance between the high road and the 
Parade is an iron bar placed across the railing, to pre* 
vent carriages passing. The captain, aware of this 
railing, crouched in the chaise, which passed within 
an inch of the top, and of his head. Within four yards 
Was the cliff, on the edge of which was a strong railing: 
upon reaching which the horse made a bold leap over 
it, but the strong post of the railing caught one of the 
wheels of the chaise, by which means the shafts were 
broken off short, the horse and harness precipitated 
into the sea, and the chaise and driver left behind. It 


was most happy for Mr. Laing that the horse at- 
tempted to leap the railing when he came to it ; for 
had he, on the contrary, forced himself against it, 
it would easily have given way, and inevitable des- 
truction to him would have been the consequence ; 
as it was, Mr. Laing escaped without the least injury. 
The chaise was broken, and the poor animal was dashed 
to pieces at the bottom of the cliff. 


A pack of fox-hounds, consisting of twenty-three 
couple, belonging to Thomas Panton, Esq. of New- 
market, found a fox at Abyssey-wood, near Thurlow, 
in the county of Cambridge, which immediately quit- 
ted the cover, and ran two rings to Blunt's Park, and 
back toAbyssey; he then flew his country, and went 
in a line through Lawn-wood, Temple-wood, to Hart- 
wood, where there was a brace of fresh foxes. The 
pack then divided, fifteen couple and a half went away 
close (as it is supposed), at the hunted fox, to West 
Wickham-common, then to Weston Covele, near Chal- 
ton-wood, and over Willingham-green ; he then took 
the open country to Balsham, turned to the right, and 
away to the six-mile bottom going to Newmarket; he 
gas ihen headed by a chaise, turned short to the left, 
and stood away upon the Heath in a line to Gogma- 
gog-hills, and was run from scent to view, laid down, 
and was killed upon the open Heath, at the bottom of 
the hill. He stood an hour and three quarters, with- 
out a minute's check ; and it is supposed in that time 
he ran a space of near thirty miles. The only gentle- 
ben who were in at the death, were Thomas Panton, 


and Benjamin Keene, Iisqrs. with die huntsman, Tho- 
mas Harrison. The pack, as observed before, di- 
vided at Hart-wood; six couple and a half of hounds 
went away with one of the fresh foxes, and killed him 
without any assistance, at Wethers-field, near Haver- 
hall. The remaining couple of hounds went away 
with the other fox, and killed him at Thurlow-park 



He deserves the pen of an abler writer, but the only 
merit I can claim is priority. — " Bis dat qui cito dat" 


The perfect and beautiful symmetry 

Of the much lamented 


By whom, and his wonderful offspring, 

The celebrated Tattersall acquired a noble fortune 

But was not ashaired to acknowledge it. 

In gratitude to this famous 


He call'd an elegant mansion he built 


At these extensive demesnes , 

It is not unusual for some of the 

Highest characters 

To regale sumptuously, 

When they do the owner the honour 

Of accepting his hospitality. 

A gentleman of the Turf, 

Tho' he has no pioduce from the above 

Stali ION, 

Begs leave to pay this small tribute 

To his memory 


Here lies the third* of the Newmarket race. 

That ne'er was conquer'd on the Oly.npic Plain : 

Herod his sire, who but to few gave place, 
Rachel hisdara — his blood without a stain. 

By his prolific deeds was built a court, f 

Near where proud Ely's turrets rise ; 
To this fam'd sultan would all ranks resort, 

To stir him up to an ain'rous enterprize. 

To thae three patriarchs * the Turf shall owe 

The long existence of superior breed : 
That blood in endless progeny shall flow, 

To give the lions strength and roebuck's speed. 


The late Rev. Mr. L t, of Rutlandshire, when 

a young man, being out with Mr. Noel's hounds, he 
said to the Earl of G. who had promised him the living 
of T. when it should become vacant — " My lord, the 
church stands on the land of promise/' And a short 
time afterwards when he had been inducted, he said 
— " My lord, now the church stands on the land of 
possession." — lie has been known several times, when 
at prayers in a week, to leave the congregation, and 
join the hounds, when they chanced to pass in full cry; 
and once, when he was marrying a couple, left them in 
the middle of the service, and told them he would finish 
it the next morning. — He was esteemed as a worthy 
good man, by all ranks of people in the ueighourhood, 
and did a great deal of good himself among-t the poor 
iu his own pariah. He died, universally lamented, 
some years ago, and a very remarkable circumstance 

* Childtrs, — Eclipse. t An elegant villa near Ely, 

I Childers, Eclipse, Highflyer. 

K 2 


happened during the funeral ; a fox, very hard run, 
was killed, after an excellent day's sport within a few 
yards of the grave, at the time when the sexton was 
filling it in. 


In March last, when a pack of hounds, were in pur 
suit of a fox which took through the inclosures adjoin 
ing to Sydenham, in Kent ; one of the party, a gentle 
man who lives in the neighbourhood, came up to a 
gate which he expected to be permitted to pass through : 
but in this he was for some time prevented by a man 
whose appearance bespoke him a knight of the cleaver 
who, brandishing the terrible instrument of his trade, 
swore that no one should go that way, whilst he was 
able to make use of his knife. The sportsman, unvvil 
ling to lose the game, which would have been the case 
had he gone another way, began to expostulate with 
the butcher, and told him, it was not his wish to be out 
of humour, and was sorry to find his temper soured by 
some disappointment he had undoubtedly met with. 
All this had no more effect upon the defender of the 
castle than to make him the more positive that no per- 
son should pass through —filled with the enthusiasm 
of the chase, he asked him whether he might go over ; 
this he assented to, observing at the same time, that 
neither him nor any man in England could. However, 
our sportsman was not to be intimidated by his obser- 
vations, but instantly drew his horse a few yards back, 
then ran him to the gate, which he took and cleared 
well, carrying the rider safe over, to the astonishment 
of every one. 

This gate was a five-barred one, with paling upon 


the top, exactly six feet and a half high; the boldness 
of the attempt did that which the most persuasive lan- 
guage could not effect — it brought from the morose 
lamb-slayer this exclamation, *' that lie would bed — d 
if ever he prevented this gentleman from going through 
his gate whenever he thought proper." 


Hipponeus is a young man of fortune, lately ad- 
mitted into orders \ and, as the habit of a clergyman is 
a passport into the best of companies, Hipponeus is vi- 
sited by the most respectable families of that part of 
the country in which he resides. But Hipponeus's 
pleasure is seated in his stable, in which he is more nice 
.than in the economy of his household. If you call 
upon him in a morning, he is out airing his horses ; or 
should you chance to call upon him in an evening, he 
is with his stud. It' any ol his horses are sick, you may 
perceive it in the dejection of his countenance; or 
shall they, on the contrary, be all in health and high 
condition, the eager glee of approbation enlivens his 
whole features: thus this young man's pleasures are 
regulated by the diary of his stable. Hipponeus is a 
constant attendant at Newmarket, and, by his fre- 
quent conversation with jockies and sharpers, has at- 
tained to the happy imitation of the completeston the 
turf. He is constantly buying and selling horses, and 
it is allowed that he thoroughly understands (what is 
termed by dealers) making up a horse. Hipponeus is 
never so happy as when he can (in the language of 
jockies) take in a friend. It was but the other day that 
Philoiius applied to him to procure him a tractable 
r 3 


jade ; for Philotius is one of those who prefer an easy 
seat to a prancing steed with a probability of being 
thrown from the saddle. Hipponeus promised his 
best endeavours, and as one of his own horses had not 
turned out thoroughly to his satisfaction, he thought 
it the luckiest time possible to accommodate his 
friend. Philotius took the horse on the recommenda- 
tion of Hipponeus, and, in a few days, it proved unfit 
for use; and now Hipponeus congratulates himself on 
his superior judgment in horsc-Jlesh, 

L— D CA — V — SH. 

The character of the C— n— sh family, throughout 
all its branches, is uniform, cold, and phlematic ; of 

unsullied honour and integrity. Lord G e differs 

in no one point irom the rest, unless that he may, by 
the force of example, be in some degree more tinctured 
with the prevailing follies of the age. When very 
young, he discovered a. penchant for gaming, which has 
never forsaken him, nor do we believe that his fortune 
has been materially injured by it, the coolness of his 
temper preventing those excesses that might have 
otherwise been fatal. 

We do not believe that the mines of Peru would se- 
duce this gentleman to commit a dishonourable act; 
but if his soul disrlains injustice and dishonour, it is not 
sufficiently warm and animated to feel the exquisite 
delight of pure natural sensibility, or from thence to 
be roused to the duties of an amiable and extensive 
benevolence. Indolence, rather than the want of ge- 
nerosity, we are inclined to believe, is the cause of 
this omission: but if he was less slothful and indifle- 


rent, he would be far more amiable and useful. The 
liberal and noble spirit of the lady united to this fa- 
mily, whose charities were universal, and whose benig- 
nity of heart was pronounced by the beaming graces of 
the most ingenuous lovely impassioned countenance,* 
ought to have operated as an example to persons of a 
similar rank; bit, alas! they are, for the most part, 
irreclaimable. Her lively mercurial temper was also 
adapted and admirably.calculated to correct the phlegm 
of the family with which she was connected ; but tire and 
water cannot assimilate. If it falls to the lot of the im- 
partial biographer to expose the vices of others^ how 
happyshould we be, had we sufficient eloquence and abi- 
lities to describe the various excellences of this charm* 
ing woman 1 Who could have regarded her tender assi- 
duity, her affectionate attachment, and universal be- 
nevolence, without feeling a degree of pleasure almoit 
inexpressible ? The cold unfeeling mind may condemn 
her warmth of temper, as hurrying, on many occasions, 
into extrenv-s not propeily belonging to feminine re- 
serve; but sensibility, like h« rs, disdains the fasiidious 
delicacy of * tio/n-.tte, or punctilio, when the interest 
or happ.ness 01 a lnend is at stake. Let us, therefore, 
consider irifimg peccad lloes as> only serving to heighten 
the. general foeauu oi ht a" cbara ler. All he,- toibles 
anil levities originated in a p rity oi heart, and a con- 
sciousness oi lier own innocence, which made her 

• When the Dutchess ol D— - — e. mad> her fust appearance at 
Derhy races alter ner uiarn.»ue, an hone t rustic, oh her grace 
beinjz pointed out to lum, in a. kind o\ r- pturous astonishment, ex- 
cUiued — " Tout wore he G—d Al — ni — ty, he would make her 
Queen ot" Heaven," 

R 4 

S6H rforting anecdotes. 

overlook those forms of ceremony and restraint which 
prudence may, perhaps, require, but of which even the 
strictest observance is not always sure to stop the 
breath of calumny. 


In England, as the titles of nobility are limited, and 
cannot be usurped by fictitious characters without de- 
tection, they confer a degree of consideration upon the 
possessor, far superior to what is observed in foreign 
countries, where they are abundant to an extreme, and 
where every needy adventurer can assume them. A 
German baron, in derision, once observed to a French 
marquis, that the title of marquis was very common in 
France: " I, (added he, laughing) have a marquis in 
my kitchen." — " And I, (retorted the Frenchman, who 
felt hinjself insulted) have a German baron in my 
stable." This repartee was particularly happy; it 
being well known that German grooms are as common 
out of their own country as are French cooks. Jt af- 
fords a just lesson too, against the folly, as well as rude- 
ness, of all national reflections. 


At the seat of A. Spurling, Esq. at Dyne's Hall, in 
Essex, a spaniel bitch, remarkable for being a good 
finder, having a litter of her puppies drowned, went 
shortly after into the adjoining plantations, and soon 
returned with a leveret in her mouth, supposed to be 
about a fortnight old, to which she gave suck, and con- 
tinued to be affectionately attached to it for a con- 


siderable time, to the astonishment of a great number of 
sportsmen in that neighbourhood, who were eye-wit- 
nesses to that wonderful event. 


The education which this great man received was 
calculated to make him fond of woodland scenery and 
the sports of the field. Sent to a remote castle, amid 
the dreary rocks in the vicinity of the Pyrenian moun- 
tains, delicacy had no part in the education of the 
youthful Henry. His ordinary food was brown bread, 
cheese, and beet. He was cloathed like other children 
of the country, in the coarsest stuff, and was inured to 
climb and rove over the rocks often barefooted and 
bareheaded. Thus, moreover, by habituating his 
body early to exercise and labour, he prepared his 
mind to support with fortitude all the vicissitudes of 
his future life. 

How much more interesting to the truly sentimental 
reader, (the reader who reflects on what he reads, 
with a view to extract useful wisdom from it) are the 
rural exploits of young Henry, amid the craggy rocks 
of Bigorre and Beam, than the feats of the plumed 
hero of the field, or the deportment of the august mo- 
narch, surrounded by his courtiers in theThuilleries or 
the Louvre I 

Hunting was ever the favourite diversion of this mo- 
narch. He often strayed from his attendants, and met 
with some adventures which proved pleasant to himself, 
and evinced, the native goodness of his heart, and an 
affability of disposition which charmed all who had an 
opportunity of observing it. 

r 5 


Being on a hunting-party one day in the Ven- 
domois, he strayed from rns attendants, and some 
time after observed a peasant sitting at the foot of a 
tree:—" What are you about there?" said Henry. — 
11 I am sitting here, sir, to see the king go by."- -" If 
} r ou have a mind (answered the monarch) to get up be- 
hind me, I will carry you to a place where you can 
have a good sight of him." The peasant immediately 
mounts behind, and on the road asks the gentleman 
how he should know the king. " You need only look 
at him who keeps his hat on while all the rest remain 
uncovered." The king joins his company, and all the 
lords salute him: — •« Well, (said he to the peasant) 
which is the king? — " Faikes, (answered the clown) 
it must be either you or I, for we both keep our hats 


On the 28th of June, 1765, was determined a wager, 
between two noblemen, for a thousand guineas, that a 
boat should go twenty-five miles in an hour. For this 
purpose a large circular trench, of one hundred feet 
diameter, and nine feet wide, was dug in a field hehind 
Jenny's Whim, near Chelsea bridge ; and, in the cen- 
tre of the land surrounded by this trench was fixed a 
post, with a radius, extending to the middle of the ca- 
nal ; so that the boat, being tied to the moveable end 
of the raditis, might be moved with great velocity by a 
very slow motion, by ahorse fastened to some point of 
the radius, between the boat and the centre. The 
wager was, however, lost, by part of the tackling 


giving way ; though the trial had succeeded perfectly 
well the day before. 

sir j. iiarinoton's dog, bungey, 

la a letter from Sir John H.*rin»toii to Prince Heniy, son to King James I, 
cono-rninj Wa dogge. 

May it please your highnesse to accepte in as good 
sorte what I nowe offer; as it hath done aforetyine; 
and I may saie / pedefaustu; but, havinge goode rea- 
son to thinke your highnesse had good will and hkinge- 
to read what ott.ers have toldeof my rare dogge, 1 wilt- 
even give a brief historic of his good deedes and 
strauuge feats ; au<l herein will 1 not pla) the curr my- 
selfe, but in g od soothe relate what is no more nor 
less than bare verity. Althowgh I mean not to dispa- 
rage the deedes of Alexander's horse, I will ma'ch my 
do^ge again-t him t«r good carriage, for, if he did 
not bear a gr<-at \ rince on his back, 1 am bold to saie 
he did often bear the sweet wordes of a greater prin- 
eesse on his net ke. 1 did once relate to your higbaesso 
after what sorte bis taeklinge was wheiewithe he did 
sojourn from my house at the Bathe to Greenwich pa- 
lace, and deliver up to the cowrie there such matters 
as were entrusted to his care. This he hath often- 
done, and came safe to the bathe, or my howse here 
at Kelstone, with goodlie returnes from such nobilities 
to emploie hint ; nor was it ever tolde our lad.e queene,- 
that this messenger did ever blah' ought concerning©, 
his high tiuite, as others have done in more special 
matters. Neither must it be forgotten as how he once 
was sente with two charges of sack wine from the bathe; 
to my nowse, by my man Combe ; and on his way the 
cordage did slackene, but my trustie bear-er did UQW* 
b. <5 


bear himselfe so wisely as to covertly hide one flasket 
in the rushes, and take the other in his teethe to the 
howse, after which he wente forthe, and returnede 
with the other parte of his burden to dinner : hereat 
yr highnesse may, perchance, marvele and doubte, 
but we have livinge testimonie of those who wroughte 
in the fieldes, and espiede his worke, and now live to 
tell they did muche longe to plaie the dogge and give 
stowage to the wine themselves ; but they did refrain, 
and watchede the passinge of this whole businesse. I 
neede not saie how muche I did once grieve at missinge 
this dogge, for on my journie towardes Londone, some 
idle pastimers did diverte themselves with huntinge 
mallards in a ponde, and conveyed him to the Spanish 
Ambassador's, where, in a happie houre, after six 
weekes, I did heare of him ; but such was the cowrta 
he did pay to the don, that he was no lesse in good 
likinge there then at home. Nor did the householde 
listen to my claim, or challenge, till I rested my suite 
on the dogge's own proofes, and made him perform 
such feats before the nobles assembled, as put it past 
doubt that I was his master. I did send him to the 
hall in the time of dinner, and made him bringe thence 
a pheasant out of the dish, which created much. 
mirth; but much more when he returnede at my com- 
mandment to the table again, and put it again in the 
same cover. Herewith the companie was well content 
to allow me my claim, and we bothe were well content 
to accepte it,, and came homewardes. I could dwell 
more on this matter, huljubes renovare dolorem ; I will 
dow saie in what manner he died : as we traveld to- 
wards the bathe, he leapede on my horse's necke, and: 
was more earneste in fawninge and courtinge my no- 


tice, than what I had observed for some time backe ; 
and, after my chidinge his disturbinge my passinge for- 
wardes, he gave me such glances of affection, as moved 
me to cajole him; but, alas ! he crept suddenly into 
a thorny brake, and died in a short time. Thus I 
have strove to rehearse such of his deedes as maie sug- 
gest much more to yr royal highnesse thought of this 
dogge. But, having said so much of him in prose, I 
will say somewhat too in verse, as you may finde here- 
after at the close of this historic Now let Ulysses 
praise his dogge Argus, or Tobite be led by that dogge 
whose name doth not appear; yet could I say such 
things of my Bungey, for so was he styled, as might 
shame them both, either for good faith, clear wit, or 
wonderful deedes ; to say no more than I have said, of 
his bearing letters to Londone and Greenwiche, more 
than an hundred miles. As I double not but your 
highnesse would love my dogge, if not myselfe, I have 
been thus tedious in his storie; and again sai, that of 
all the dogges near your father's courte, not one hathe 
more love, more diligence to please, or less pay for 
pleasinge, than him I write of; for verily a bone will 
contente my servante, when some expecte greater mat- 
ters, or will knavishly find oute a motion of con- 

I now reste your highnesse's friend in all service that 
may suite him, 

John Harington. 

P. S. The verses above spoken of, are in my book of 
Epigrams in praise of my dogge Bungey to Momus. 
And I have an excellente picture curiously limned,, to 
remaine in my posterity. 

Kdstone y June 14, 1 60S. 



This sporting hero was humbly descended, and' 
took his first view of the world at Rode, a small village 
in the county of Northampton, where, by the industry 
of his friends, he was intended to have displayed his 
manual abilities in the character of a country cord- 
wainer, or, in other words, a maker of shoes; nature, 
however, revolted at the idea; the " soul of Richard" 
became superior to ihe grovelling suggestion, and he 
felt the impressive impulse, that he should find him- 
self more agreeably and more firmly fixed in a seat 
upon the saddle, than upon the hard stool of repen- 
tance, paying his incessant devoirs to the awl, and the 

With a mind thus elate, and prepared for a more 
active life, he was admitted into the stables of the late 
Lord Spencer, as a helper, from which happy period 
ht conceived his fortune, as a sportsman, completely 
made, and which he afterwards found most amply ve- 
rified. From this subordinate situation, his steadiness, 
sobriety, and punctuality, soon insured promotion; in 
a very short time after his introduction, his attachment 
to the hounds, horses, and spoils, rendered disservices 
of so much importance to the establishment, that he 
ma ie his appliance in the field under the new appoint- 
ment of a whipper-in. The hounds, at that time, were 
limited by a Richard Knight, but not related in any de- 
gree to the subject of this essay; and Samuel Dim- 
bledon, now living, was his cotemporary as fellow- 

Mr. Richard Knight, of whom we are now treating, 
is the son of a William Kmght, who was acknowledged 


a most capital huntsman of that time, and hunted the 
fox-hounds of the late Robert Andrew, Esq. of llarl- 
ston Park, in Northamptonshire, who died in I73Q; 
but the hunting establishment was continued by his 
successor. These hounds, when hunted by William, 
the father of the present Richard, happening to find a 
fox in tally-ho ! covert, near the famed Naseby-Field, 
William, in his great anxiety to lay close to the hounds, 
received a blow from the branch of a tree, which in- 
stantly deprived him of an eye: this loss, however, in 
the heat of the chase, remained undiscovered, till 
having lun the fox to ground atHoldenby; the hounds, 
in scratching at the earth, threw some dirt or sand 
into the other eye, at which moment he perceived he 
had totally lost the sight of that where the blow from 
the tree was received. 

In the year 1756, these hounds, belonging to the 
present Robert Andrew, E^q. hunted a bag-fox, which 
was turned out near Pavensthorpe, and killed near 
Towcester, after a long and excellent run. This chase 
was the first ever rode by the late Lord Spencer, who 
immediately after purchased a pack of fox-hounds, 
and, as is reported by some, took the said William, 
the father of Rich rd, to hunt them; which is, how- 
ever, a deviation from the true state of the transac- 
tion. Upon the death of Knight, the late Earl Spen- 
cer's original huntsman, the powers of the present 
Richard were called into action; he was appointed to 
the supreme command ; from which Lucky hour may 
be dated tne origin of all his future greatness in the 
field, where, it should seem, nature h..d intended him 
to become the most conspicuous. During the uuuiuer 
of years he continued m a department of so muck 


sporting importance, no man in such situation could: 
have been entitled to more respect, or held in higher 

His abilities, as a huntsman, stood the test of nice 
investigation, with the mosi experienced judges, for the 
long term of between twenty and thirty years, at the 
close of which it was universally admitted his quali- 
fications were not to be exceeded. Although his 
weight was constantly increasing — till it nearly reached 
eighteen stone — he was always a fair and bold rider, 
being invariably well in with the hounds ; and it was 
admitted, in making his way across a country, parti- 
cularly upon an emergency, his equal has never been 
seen. For the most part he possessed, or retained the 
suaviter in modo, but at times there was a little austere 
acidity, which constituted a drawback. This might pro- 
bably have proceeded from the adulation of some high: 
characters, who servilely sought to court his attention 
in the field; or to the pesterings of those juvenile po- 
pinjays, who, with " an infinite deal of nothing," are 
always endeavouring to attract the attention of a 
huntsman from the sport to some ridiculous frivolities 
of their own. His voice was remarkably fine, and his 
language to the hounds melodious and attracting. Un- 
der all which excellence, it can create no surprise, that 
he continued in his situation till, a revolution took place 
in the establishment; when his official functions ceased. 
After having unremittingly persevered as huntsman 
to the late and present Earl Spencer, for the number 
of years before-mentioned, the hounds, passing under 
the denomination of the Pichely Pack, were disposed 
of, with everything appertaining, to Mr. Warde; un- 
der whose management, liberality, and hospitality, 


they have attained the reputation of being, at the pre- 
sent day, the most perfect in the kingdom. At the 
time of transfer, the farther services of Mr. Knight 
were dispensed with, and he has retired to enjoy him- 
self upon a small farm, near Thrapston, in his na- 
tive county ; where, in high health and spirits, at 
sixty years of age, he lives universally respected. And 
should the hounds once more revert to their former 
owner, of which there is a rumour and much expecta- 
tion, there can be no doubt but Mr. Knight's sporting 
abilities, notwithstanding his advanced time of life, 
will again be called into action. 


On the last day of December, 180 J, as Mr. Robin- 
son, and two other gentlemen, were coursing with a 
brace of greyhounds, in Surry, between Croydon and 
Sutton, the dogs so pressed a hare they had put up^ 
that she was forced to leap a precipice of not less than 
sixty feet deep, into a chalk pit, and was followed by 
the dogs. Nothing short of death to both hare and 
greyhounds was expected ; but, to the astonishment 
of all who witnessed it, of them were hurt, nor 
was the course impeded; as the hare, after getting out 
of the pit, by a cart road, was followed by the dogs, 
and though turned several times by them, at length 
made his escape. 


A very curious account of this sport is described by 
Mr. Pennant as follows: — 

M The chase of these animals is a matter of the 


first importance, and never undertaken without abun- 
dance of ceremony. A principal warrior first gives a 
general invitation to all the hunters. This is followed 
by a most serious fast of eight days, a twtal abstinence 
from all kinds of food : notwithstanding which, they 
pass theday in continual song. This they do to invoke 
the spirits of the woods to direct them to the places 
where there are abundance of bears. They even rut 
the flesh in divers parts of their bodies, to render the 
spirits more propitious. They also address themselves 
to the manes of the beasts slain in the preceding chases, 
as if these were to direct them in their dreams to 
plenty of game. One dreamer alone cannot determine 
the place of the chase, numbers must concur ; but as 
they tell each other their dreams, they never fail to 
agree. This may arise from complaisance, or from a 
real agreement in their dreams, on account of their 
thoughts being perpetually turned on the same thing. 

" The chief of the hunt now gives a great feast, at 
which no one dares to appear without first bathing. At 
this entertainment they eat with great moderation, 
contrary to their usual custom. The master of the 
feast alone touches nothing; but is employed in re- 
lating to the guests ancient tales of the wonderful feats 
in former chases; and fresh in vocations to the manes 
of the deceased bears conclude the whole. 

" They then sally forth amidst the acclamations of 
the village, equipped as if for war, and painted black. 
Every able hunter is on a level with a great warrior; 
but he must have killed his dozen great beasts before 
bis character is established; after which his alliance 
is as much courted as that of the most valiant captain. 

" They now proceed on their way in a direct Use*. 


neither rivers, marshes, nor any other impediments, 
stop their course ; driving before them all the beasts 
which they rind in their wa). When they arrive at tho 
burning- ground, they surround as large a space as their 
company will admit, and then contract their circle, 
seaiehiug as they contract, every hollow tree, and 
every place /it for the retreat of a bear, and continue 
the same practice till the time of the chase is expired. 

" As soon as a bear is killed, a hunter puts mio his 
mouth a lighted pipe of tobacco, and blowing into it, 
fills the t'iroat with the smoke, conjuring the spirit of 
the unimal not to resent what the^ aie going to do to 
its body, nor to render their future chases unsuccessful. 
As the beast makes no reply, they cut out the string 
of the tongue, and throw a into the fire : if it crackles 
and runs m (which it is almost sure to do) they accept 
it as a good omen ; if not, they consider that the spirit 
of the beast is not appeased, and that the chase of the 
next year will b.- unfortunate. 

" The hunters live well during the chase, on provi- 
sions which they bring with them. They return home 
with great pride an I self-sufficiency; for, to kill a bear 
forms the character of a complete man. They give a 
great entertainment, and now make a point to lease 
nothing. The feast is dedicated to a certain genius, 
perhaps that of gluttony ; whose resentment they dread, 
if they do not eat every morsel, and even sup up the 
very melted grease in which the meat was dressed. 
Thpy sometimes eat till they burst, or bring on them- 
selves some violent disorders. The first course is the 
greatest bear they have killed, without even taking out 
the entrails, or U king off th« ikini contenting them- 
selves with singeing the skin, as is practised with bogs* 



Hose at four — dreamt had thrown crabs all night, 
and could not nick seven for the life of me — had some 
strong green tea, and threw a tea cup at my wife, be- 
cause she asked for money to buy the children shoes — 
my stomach being queer, and my hand unsteady, 
tossed off a ha]f-pint bumper of brandy, and sauntered 
down to the billiard-table — saw two ill-looking fellows 
in the Ilaymarket— was afraid they were bailiffs, so 
shirked era, by dodging 'em behind a coach. — Memo- 
randum, the first lucky run to change my lodgings — lost 
fifteen guineas at billiards, and borrowed one of a 
friend to pay for my dinner — won a hit or two at back- 
gammon, but lost again at piquet — ordered some turtle 
and claret for ten, at a guinea a head, and sent my 
wife two shillings and sixpence to buy some victuals 
for herself, five children, and the maid — housekeeping. 
dam'd expensive, and no end to woman's extrava- 
gance. Heard good news, a famous pigeon expected 
to dinner, a young West Indian, and as rich as Croe- 
sus — was resolved to be prepared, arid leave nothing 
to luck; so loaded a couple of the doctors, for throw- 
ing a seven and nine. 

After dinner, plied the young Creole with wine, and 
shammed Abraham to avoid the glass ; but, neverthe- 
less, pretended to be drunk— about eleven o'clock, the 
tables were set, cash deposited, and the sport began — 
by three o'clock, had won 3,000l. — was high in spirits 
—thought myself a made man, when the devil deserted 
me, and put it into the head of my opponent to exa- 
mine the dice ! — To make short of my story, I was 


detected, compelled to refund, and, finally, kicked out 
of the room, with my ears slit, and my hair docked. 

In my way home, these cogitations offered them- 
selves — What can I do ? I am expelled society — I 
cannot game — I cannot apply to habits of industry — 
What is to become of me ? — I have it — a thought strikes 
me— the new philosophy says deatli is an eternal sleep— 
there's horror in the thought ! but ! 

By five o'clock arrived at home, and found my wife 
in tears, and my children crying for bread ! Gave 'em 
a hearty curse — drank a pint bumper of spirits, and 
went to bed ! ! ! 


The hunting leopard is about the height of a large 
greyhound, of a light tawny brown colour, marked with 
numerous circular black spots. The legs and tail are 
long; its form is altogether more lengthened than the 
tiger's, and the chest narrower. It is a native of 

This animal is frequently tamed, and used in the 
chace of antelopes. It is carried in a kind of small 
waggon, chained and hooded, lest, on approaching the 
herd, it should be too precipitate, or not make choice 
of a pi oper animal. When first unchained, it do'es not 
immediately spring towards its prey, but winds with the 
utmost caution along the ground, stopping at intervals, 
and carefully concealing itself, till a favourable oppor- 
tunity offers: then it darts on the herd with astonish- 
ing swiftness, and overtakes them by the rapidity of its 
bounds. \i\ however, in its first attempt, which con* 


sists of five or six amazing leaps, it does not succeed, it 
loses its breath, and finding itself unequal in speed, 
stands still for a wbile to recover: then giving up the 
point for that time, quietly returns to its keeper. 


This gentleman was for many years a well known 
character on ihe turf: he died a short time since, 
in an obscure lodging in the rules of the King's Bench. 
Those who have only heard of the irregularities of the 
latter days of the late Major, might suppose that 
silence would be the best tribute that could be paid 
to his memory. This consideration, however, would 
de/eat the principal end of biography — instruction. 
Patrick Leeson, the subject of this sketch, was born 
at Nenagh, in the county of Tipperary, in the year 
1754. It cannot be said, that fortune smiled deceit- 
ful on his birth, for the weaith of his family consisted 
only of a few cows and horses, and a farm, on which 
three generations had subsisted with peace and com- 

Patrick's father had received an education beyond 
that of an husbandman, who was obliged to till the 
ground with his own hands; but as his sober wishes 
never strayed beyond the bounds of his own farm, he 
was at first determined that his sou should tread in his 
own steps, and that he should not be spoiled by an 
education beyond his humble views. Patrick, how- 
ever, was soon distinguished by a quickness of percep- 
tion, and a promptitude of expression, beyond his 
vears ; and, in order that these qualities might be im- 
proved to a certain extent, he was sent to learn the 
Latin tongue under the instruction of a relation, who 
looked upon all science and huniau excellence to be 



treasured up in that language, with which he was well 
acquainted, for he had made it his study from his boy- 
ish days up to his grand climacteric. Our young pu- 
pil made so rapid a progress in his grammar, that his 
preceptor and father began to conceive the highest 
hopes of his talen.t ; and, as they were both very 
pious men, they thought such a star should shine only 
in the hemisphere of the church, to use the pedagogical 

Patrick, it seems, was not so deeply enamoured with 
abstinence and prayer, for he was already put upon 
this regimen : he thought that youth might indulge, 
with®ut criminality, in some of those amusements 
which are peculiar to that season ; such as dancing, 
wrestling, riding, &c. in each of which he excelled, 
nature having favoured him with a fine person, and a 
healthy constitution. 

He had now nearly accompanied the prince of 
Iloman historians through all his battles, sieges, 
&c. when a circumstance happened which put a stop 
to his classical career: — a recruiting party came to 
Nenagh, the " ear-piercing fife, and the spirit-stirring 
drum," were not lost in such a buoyant mind ; and 
Patrick protested that he would rather carry a musket 
as a private, than rule a score of parishes with the nod 
of a mitre. His grand-uncle, a catholic priest, was 
consulted on the occasion. The good old man, after 
some consideration, gave it as his opinion, that his ne- 
phew was destined by nature to wear a red coat instead 
of a black one; and that examples were not wanting in 
his own family of those that had risen to unenvied ho- 
nours in the tented field. Patrick's views were libe- 
rally seconded by a Scottish nobleman. 


At the age of seventeen he came to London, as ig- 
norant of the world as if he had just dropped into it. 
As he had spent, or rather wasted, his time, to use his 
own phrase, in the study of words, he began to study 
things; for this purpose he was sent to Mr. Alexander's 
academy, at Hampstead, wherein a very short time he 
laid in a tolerable stock of mathematical knowledge. 
He was now transplanted, through the munificence of 
his noble patron, to the celebrated academy of Angers, 
in France where he had the double advantage of 
finishing his military studies, and at the same time of 
learning the French language, which he spoke ever af- 
ter, with fluency. Whilst at this seminary he fought a 

duel with Sir W. M ; the courage exerted by 

these two gentlemen, on that occasion, has been always 
spoken of to the honour of both. He was soon after 
appointed a lieutenant in a regiment of foot, in which 
he conducted himself with the propriety of a man who 
considers the word soldier and gentleman as synony- 
mous terms. 

The only act of indiscretion that can be laid to his 
charge, if it can be called by that name, will find a 
ready apology in the impetuosity of youthful blood, 
and the affection he bore to every man in the regi- 
ment, which was reciprocal. The serjeant, a sober 
steady man, was wantonly attacked by a blacksmith, 
who was the terror of the town. The serjeant defended 
himself as long as he was able with great spirit, but 
was obliged, after a band contest, to yield to his athle- 
tic antagonist. This intelligence, reached Mr. Lee- 
son's ears the next morning: without delay he set out 
in pursuit of the victor, whom he found boasting of the 
triumph he had gained bVtfr the lobster, as he called the 


Serjeant. The very expression kindled Leeson's indig- 
nation into such a flame, that he aimed a blow at the 
fellow's temple, which he warded off, and returned with 
such force, that Leeson lay for some minutes extended 
on the ground. Leeson, however, renewed the at- 
tack; victory, for a considerable time, seemed to de- 
clare on the side of his antagonist ; but as soon as the 
scale turned in favour of the lieutenant, he followed 
one blow after the other with such rapidity and success, 
that the son of Vulcan sunk at last, and yielded up the 
palm, with a copious effusion of blood, the loss of seven 
or eight teeth, and eyes beat to a jelly. In order to 
complete the triumph, Leeson placed him in a wheel- 
barrow, and in this situation he was wheeled through 
all the town, amidst the acclamations of the populace. 
Soon after this, Mr. Leeson exchanged his lieutenancy 
for a cometcy of dragoons. It may seem a little ex- 
traordinary, that a man who had escaped those snares 
that are strewed in the paths of youth, should fall in- 
to them at a time when prudence began to assume her 
influence over the heart. The gaming-Labie now pre- 
sented itself in all its seductive charms. He could not 
resist them ; and an almost uninterrupted series of 
success led him to Newmarket, where his evil genius, 
in the name of good luck, converted him in a short 
time into a professed gambler. At one time he had a 
complete stud at Newmarket ; and his famous horse, 
• Buffer, carried off all the capital plates for three years 
and upwards. As Leeson was a man of acute dis- 
cernment, he was soon initiated into all the mysteries 
of the turf. He was known to all the black legs, and 
consulted by them on every critical occasion. Having 
raised an independant regiment, he was promoted to 



a majority. He continued for some time to maintain 
the dignity of his rank, and even expressed a wish to 
resume that conduct which had endeared him for many 
years to the good and the brave ; but the temptations 
which gambling held out were too strong to be resisted, 
and a train of ill-luck preyed upon his spirits, soured 
his temper, and drove him to that last resource of an 
enfeebled mind — the brandy-bottle. As he could not 
shine in his wonted splendor, he sought the most ob- 
scure places in the purlieus of St. Giles's, where he 
used to pass whole nights in the company of his coun- 
trymen of the lowest, but industrious class, charmed 
with their songs and native humour. It is needless to 
point out the result of such a habit of life — Major 
Leeson, that was once the soul of whim and gaiety, 
sunk into a state of stupor and insensibility. On some 
occasions, it is true, he emerged from this state ; but it 
was the emergence of a meteor that vanishes as it ex- 
pands, and only left those that witnessed it, to lament 
the fall of a man that once promised to be an orna- 
jnent to a profession that was dear to him in his last 
moments. Having contracted a number of debts, he 
was (Constantly pursued by the terriers of the law, and 
alternately imprisoned by his own fears, or confined in 
the Kings Bench. 

A few years since he married a Miss Mullet, who 
shared all his afflictions, and discharged all the duties 
of an affectionate wife. When sober, his manners, 
were gentle and conciliating ; and his conversation, on 
many occasions, evinced considerable mental vigour. 
He was generous and steady in his friendships, but the 
dupe of flattery ; having experienced all those vicissi- 
tudes attendant on a life of dissipation. He was sen- 


sible of the immediate approach of his dissolution, and 
talked of death as a friend that would relieve him of a 
load that was almost insupportable. He expired in 
the midst of a conversation with a few friends, and 
waved a gentle adieu with his hands, when he found 
that his tongue could not perform that office. 


(From Bingley's Animal Biography.) 

The generic character of the hare consists in its 
having two front teeth, both above and below ; the 
upper pair duplicate, two small interior ones standing 
behind the others: the fore-feet with five, and the 
hinder with four toes. 

These animals live entirely on vegetable food, and 
are all remarkably timid. They run by a kind of 
leaping pace, and in walking they use their hind-feet 
as far as the heel. Their tails are either very short 
(called in England scntsj, or else they are entirely 

The common Hare. 

This little animal is found throughout Europe, and 
indeed in most of the northern parts of the world. 
Being destitute of weapons of defence, it is endowed by 
Providence with the passion of fear. Its timidity is 
known to every one: it is attentive to every alarm, 
and is, therefore, furnished with ears very long and tu- 
bular, which catch the remotest sounds. The eyes are 
s 2 


so prominent, as to enable the animal to see both be- 
fore and behind. 

The hare feeds in the evenings, and sleeps in his 
form during the day; and as he generally lies on the 
ground, he has the feet protected, both above and be- 
low, with a thick covering of hair. In a moonlight 
evening, many of them may frequently be seen sporting 
together, leaping about and pursuing each other : but 
the least noise alarms them, and they then scamper or^ 
each in a different direction. Their pace is a kind of 
gallop, or quick succession of leaps ; and they are ex- 
tremely swift, particularly in ascending higher grounds, 
to which, when pursued, they generally have recourse, 
here their large and strong hind legs are of singular 
use to them. In northern regions, where, on the des- 
cent of the winter's snow, they would, were their sum- 
mer fur to remain, be rendered particularly conspi- 
cuous to animals of prey, they change in the autumn 
their yellow-grey dress, for one peifectly white; and 
are thus enabled, in a great measure, to elude their 

In more temperate regions they chuse in winter, a 
form exposed to the south, to obtain all the possible 
warmth of that season : and in summer, when they are 
desirous of shunning the hot rays of the sun, they 
change this for one with a northerly aspect: but in 
both cases they have the instinct of generally fixing 
upon a place where the immediately surrounding ob- 
jects are nearly the colour of their own bodies. 

In one hare that a gentleman watched, as soon as 
the dogs were heard, though at the distance of nearly a 
mile, she rose from her form, swam across a rivulet, 


then lay down among the bushes on the other side, 
and by this means evaded the scent of the hounds. 
When a hare has been chased for a considerable length 
©ftime, she will sometimes push another from its seat, 
and lie down there herself. When hard pressed, she 
will mingle with a flock of sheep, run up an old wall, 
and conceal herself among the grass on the top of it, or 
cross a river several times at small distances. She 
never runs in a line directly forward, but constantly 
doubles about, which frequently throws the dogs out 
of the scent; and she generally goes against the wind. 
It is extremely remarkable that hares, however fre- 
quently pursued by the dogs, seldom leave the place 
where ihey were brought forth, or that in which they 
usually sit; and' it is a very common thing, to find. 
them, after a long and severe chase, in the same place 
the day following. 

The females have not so much strength and agility 
as the males : they are, consequently, more timid, and: 
never suffer the dogs to approach them so near, before 
they rise, as the males. They are likewise said to 
practice more arts, and to double more frequently. 

This animal is gentle, and susceptible even of educa- 
tion. He does not often, however, though he exhibits, 
some degree of attachment to his master, become al- 
together domestic: for, although when taken very 
young, brought up in the house, and accustomed to< 
kindness and attention, no sooner is he arrived at a 
certain age, than he generally seizes the first opportu- 
nity of recovering his liberty, and flying to the fields. 

Whilst Dr. Townson was at Gottingen, he had a 
young hare brought to him, which he took so much 
pains with, as to render it more familiar than these am> 
s 3 


mals commonly are. In the evenings it soon became 
so frolicksome, as to run and jump about his sofa and 
bed; sometimes in its play it would leap upon, and pat 
him with its fore-feet, or, whilst he was reading, even 
knock the book out of his hand. But whenever a 
stranger entered the room, the little animal always 
exhibited considerable alarm. 

Mr. Borlase saw a hare that was so familiar as to 
feed from the hand, lay under a chair in a common sit* 
ting-room, and appear, in every other respect, as easy 
and comfortable in its situation as a lap-dog. It now 
and then went out into the garden, but after regaling 
itself always returned to the house as its proper habita- 
tion. Its usual companions were a greyhound and a 
spaniel, both so fond of hare-hunting, that they often 
went out together, without any persons accompanying 
them. With these two dogs this tame hare spent its 
evenings : they always slept on the same hearth, and 
very frequently would rest itself upon them. 

Hares are very subject to fleas. Linnaeus tells us, 
that cloth made of their fur will attract these insects, 
and preserve the wearer from their troublesome at- 

Dogs and foxes pursue the hare by instinct: wild 
cats, weasels, and birds of prey, devour it: and man, 
far more powerful than all its other enemies, makes 
use of every artifice to seize upon an animal which con- 
stitutes one of the numerous delicacies of his table. 
Even this poor defenceless beast is rendered an object 
of amusement, in its chase, to this most arrogant of all 
animals, who boasts his superiority over the brute 
creation in the possession of intellect and reason: 


wretchedly, indeed, are these perverted, when exer- 
cised in so cruel, so unmanly a pursuit: — 

Poor is the triumph o'er the timid hare ! 

Yet vain her best precaution, though she sits 

Conceal'd with folded ears ; unsleeping eyes, 

By nature rais'd to take th' horizon in ; 

And head conceal'd betwixt her hairy feet, 

In act to spring away. The scented dew 

Betrays her early labyrinth ; and deep - 

In scalter'd, sullen openings, far behind, 

With ev'ry breeze she hear- the coming storm. 

But nearer, and more frequent, as it loads 

The sighing gaie, she springs amaz'd, and all 

The savage soul of game is up at once. 

In India the hare is hunted for sport, not only with 
dogs, but with hawks, and some species of the cat 
genus. The flesh, though in esteem amonst the Ro- 
mans, was forbidden by the Druids, and by the Bri- 
tons of the early centuries. It is now, though very- 
black, dry, and devoid of fat, much esteemed by the 
Europeans, on account of its peculiar flavor. 

The female goes with young about a month: she 
generally produces three or four at a litter, and this 
about four times in the year. The eyes of the young 
ones are open at birth : the dam suckles them about 
twenty days, after which they leave her and procure 
Ibeir own food. They make forms at a little distance 
from each other, and never go far from the place where 
they were brought forth. The hare lives about eight 

s 4 


The Varying Hare, 

This species has a very soft fur, which in summer is 
grey, with a slight mixture of tawny ; the tail is al- 
ways white. The ears are shorter, and the legs more 
slender than those of the common hare; and the feet 
more closely and warmly furred. In size this animal 
is somewhat smaller. 

Besides other cold parts of Europe, the varying hare 
is found on the tops of the highest Scots hills, never 
descending to the plains. It never mixes with the last 
species, though common in the same neighbourhood. 
It does not run fast, and when alarmed takes shelter 
in clefts of the rocks. 

In September it begins to change its grey coat, and 
resume its white winter's dress, in which only the tips 
and edges of the ears, and the soles of the feet are 
black. In the month of April it again becomes grey. 
It is somewhat singular, that although this animal be 
brought into a house, and even kept in stoved apart- 
ments, yet it still changes its colour at the same pe- 
riods that it does among its native mountains. 


In some parts of Siberia the varying hares collect 
together in such multitudes, that sometimes flocks of 
five or six hundred of them may be seen migrating in 
spring, and returning in the autumn. Want of sus- 
tenance compels them to this: in winter, therefore, 
they are under the necessity of quitting the lofty hills, 
the southern boundaries of Siberia, and seeking the 
plains and northern wooded parts, where vegetables 
-abound ; and towards spring they again return to their 


mountainous quarters. In their white state their flesh 
is extremely insipid.. 


Every circumstance relative to the sports of the 
field, that contain the least interest, is highly valued 
by those who make this healthful diversion an object 
of pursuit: — the following observations on the deer, 
are from the pen of the most accomplished sportsman, 
of the present day, which cannot but prove acceptable 
to the reader. 

" Deer (says the colonel) cast their horns about the. 
month of May. Nature seems to have intended this 
for the purposes of supplying those which have broke 
their horns by fighting, with new ones the succeeding 
year; as no animal hghts more desperately, or vici- 
ously than the deer. Their fencing and and parrying, 
to those who have witnessed it, is beyond every thir.j, 
and, it may be said, scientific. During the time of 
the velvet they remain concealed as much as possible, 
conscious of their inability to attack or defend them- 
selves; as the most trifling touch upon the velvet, in 
this state, gives them exquisite torture. The velvet, 
when fried, is considered by epicurean sportsmen, the 
most delicate part of the deer. The growth of the 
horns only occupies abcut six weeks between the cast- 
ing to the bringing them to perfection, wberi they have 
been known to weigh twenty pounds. It is a mistaken 
notion, that the antlers impede the deer in cover, as 
£hey enable him ? on the contrary, to dash through 
s 5 


thickets and save bis eyes, as also to aid him when 
reared on their hind legs (which they do to an extra- 
ordinary height) to draw down the young branches for 


This extraordinary character was born in the reign 
of King Charles the First, when the sports of racing 
commenced at Newmarket, and he was Keeper of the 
Running Horses to their Majesties William the Third, 
Queen-Ajine, George the First, and George the Se- 
cond, diea* 12th of March, 1727, aged 86 years. The 
most remarkable event in the lives of this gentleman 
and his horse Dragon, is most pathetically depicted by 
Dr. John Hawkesworth, (in No. 37 of the Adven- 
turer) in the following words, supposed to be spoken 
by the horse in the Elysium of beasts and birds. " It 
is true, (replied the steed) I was a favourite; but what 
avail it to be the favourite of caprice, avarice, and 
barbarity : my tyrant was a man who had gained a 
considerable fortune by play, particularly by racing. I 
had won him many large sums, but being at length 
excepted out of every match, as having no equal, he 
regarded even my excellence with malignity, when it 
was no longer subservient to his interest. Yet still I 
lived in ease and plenty; and as he was able to sell 
even my pleasures, though my labour was become use- 
less, I had a seraglio in which there was a perpetual 
succession of new beauties. At last, however, ano- 
ther competitor appeared: I enjoyed a new triumph 
by anticipation ; I rushed into the field, panting for 


the conquest; and the first heat I put my master in 
possession of the stakes, which amounted to one thou- 
sand guineas. Mr. — — , the proprietor of the mare 
that 1 had distanced, notwithstanding this disgrace, de- 
clared with great zeal, that she should run the next, 
day against any gelding in the world for double the 
sum: my master immediately accepted the challenge, 
and told him that he would, the next day, produce a 
gelding that should beat her; but what was my asto- 
nishment and indignation, when 1 discovered that he 
most cruelly and fraudulently intended to quality me 
for this match upon the spot; and to sacrifice my life 
at the very moment in which every nerve should be 
strained in his service. As I knew it would be in vain 
to resist, I suffered myself to be bound : the operation 
was performed, and I was instantly mounted, and 
spurred on to the goal. Injured as I was, the love of 
glory was still superior to the desire of revenge. I de- 
termined to die as I had lived, without an equal ; and 
having again won the race, I sunk down at the post in 
an agony, which soon after put an end to my lite." 

" ' When I had heard this horrid narrative, which 
indeed J remembered to be true, I turned about in ho- 
nest confusion and blushed that 1 was. a man/" 

s 6 




(From Bloomfield's " Farmer's Boy.") 
Could the poor Post-Horse tell thee all his woes— 
Shew thee his bleeding shoulders, and unfold 
The dreadful anguish he endures for gold ! 
Hir'd at each call of business, lust, or rage, 
That prompt the trav'ller from stage to stage, 
Still on his strength depends their boasted speed, 
For them his limbs grow weak, his bare ribs bleed 
And though he, groaning, quickens at command* 
Their extra shilling in the rider's hand 
Becomes his bitter scourge — 'tis he must feel 
The double efforts of the lash and steel, 
Till when, up hill, the destin'd inn he gains, 
And trembling under complicated pains, 
Prone from his nostrils, darting on the ground, 
His breath emitted floats in clouds around ; 
Props chase each other down his chest and sidesj 
And spatter'd mud his native colour hides ; 
Thro' his swoln veins the boiling torrent flows, 
And every nerve a separate torture knows. 
His harness loos'd, he welcomes, eager-ejed, 
The pail's full draught that quivers by his side j 
And joys to see the well-known stable-door, 
As the starv'd mariner the friendly shore. ■ 

Ah ! well for him, if here his suff 'rings ceas'd. 
And ample hours of rest his pains appeas'd ! 
But rous'd again, and sternly bade to rise, 
And shake refreshing slumbers from his eyes, 
Ere his exhausted spirits can return, 
Or through his frame reviving ardour burn, 
Come forth he must, tho' limping, raaim'd, and sdre j 
He hears the whip — the chaise is at the door j 
The collar tightens, and again he feels 
His half heal'd wounds enflam'd ; again the wheels,, 
With tiresome sameness, in his ears resound, 
O'er blinding dust, or miles of flinty ground. 



An early writer on this subject gives us the follow* 
ing anecdote : — " I once had (says he) an excellent 
opportunity of seeing this sport near Nazareth, in Ga- 
lilee. An Arab, mounting a swift courser, held the 
falcon on his hand, as huntsmen commonly do. When 
we espied the animal on the top of a mountain, he let 
loose the falcon, which flew in a direct line, like an 
arrow, and attacked the antelope, fixing the talons of 
one of his feet into its cheeks, and those of the other 
into its throat, extending his wings obliquely over the 
animal ; spreading one towards one of his ears, and 
the other to the opposite hip. The creature, thus at- 
tacked, made a leap twice the height of a ; man, and 
freed himself from the falcon; but, being wounded; and 
losing both its strength and speed, it was again at- 
tacked by the bird, which fixed the talons of both his 
feet into its throat, and held it fast, till the huntsman 
coming up, took it alive, and cut its throat. The fal- 
con was allowed to drink the blood, as a reward for 
his labour; and a young falcon, which was learning, 
was likewise put to the throat. By this means the 
young birds are taught to fix their talons in the throat 
of the animal, as the properest part; for, should the 
falcon fix upon the creature's hip, or some other part 
of the body, the huntsman would not only lose his 
game, but his falcon too ; for the beast, roused by the 
wound, which could not prove mortal, would run to 
the deserts and the tops of the mountains, whither its 
^enemy, keeping its hold, would be obliged to follow, 


and being separated from its master, must of course 



The whole life of this poor slave, till within the two 
last years, has been a continued trial of strength, la- 
bour, and patience. He was broken to the bit by a 
Yorkshire jockey, to be rode the moment he was fit for 
service by an Oxonian scholar, who, whatever might 
have been his learning in abstruser sciences, was little 
conversant in the rudiments of humanity, though they 
are level with the lowest understanding, and founded 
on the tender code of that great lawgiver, who has told 
us, " a just man is merciful to his beast." During the 
very first vacation, this sprightly youth so completely 
outrode the strength of his steed, that he sold him on 
the same day that he regained his college, at the re- 
commencement of the term, for two guineas, to one 
of those persons who keep livery-stables, and at the 
same time have horses to let. It was not easily possi- 
ble for a poor wretch, so badly situated before, to 
change so much for the worse : and, of all the fates that 
attend a hackney horse, that which belongs to the 
drudge of a public university is the most severe ; it is 
even harder than that of the servitors of the college. 
He remained in this servitude, however, sixteen years, 
during which he was a thousand times not only priest- 
ridden, but parish-ridden, and yet was rarely known 
to stumble, and never to fall. Is it not questionable 
whether half the parishioners, or even the priests 
(with reverence be it spoken), could say as much for 


their own travels in the rugged journey of life ? His 
master, rather from policy than compassion, thought 
it most for his future interest to allow his four-footed 
servant a short respite, and he was accordingly fa- 
voured with a month's run in what is called a salt- 
marsh ; but, before his furlow was expired, he was 
borrowed by some smugglers, who then infested the 
coast, and who- made him the receiver of contraband 
commodities, as well as aider and abettor in practices, 
which, like many other underhand actions, are best 
carried on in the night-time. We say borrowed, be- 
cause, after a winter's hard work in the company of 
these land pirates, the horse was thrown up by his 
temporary employers in the very marsh out of which 
he had been pressed into their service, and a leather 
label, on which was marked this facetious intelligence, 
fastened to his fetlock — Owner, 1 have been smuggled. 
By these means he unexpectedly came again into his 
quondani master's possession, out of which, however, 
he departed the summer after, in the society of an old 
fellow-commoner, who,' after many years close con- 
finement in the cloisters, was disposed to lelinquish 
them in favour of a piece of church-preferment in Nor- 
folk, which happened to be in the gift of a lady about 
his own standing in life, and who, in the days of her 
youth, avowed so strong a partiality for this gentle- 
man, that her father, disapproving her alliance with a 
person who had only the hopes of a curacy before his 
eyes, thought fit to clog her inheritance, over which 
he had complete authority, with a formidable condition 
of forfeiting the whole estates, should she marry a son 
of the church ; shutting out, hereby, the whole body 
of divinity, to exclude the aforesaid individual mem- 


her. Faithful, however, to the merits of the manwlio' 
had won her heart, she was glad to find that parental 
tyranny, which had tied her hand, had left free her 
fortune ; she, therefore, took the first opportunity to 
present the object of her early choice with the only 
piece of service in her power — a presentation to the 
living of which she was become the patroness ; think- 
ing this a better evidence of her still existing partiality, 
than if she had set fortune at defiance, and sacrificed 
not only her own advantages, but her lover's, in gra- 
tifying a passion which would have impoverished both. 
An example of tenderness, this, well worthy the imi- 
tation of more romantic minds. It was to be inducted 
to this living our learned clerk now journeyed on the 
ancient steed whose memoirs I am now writing; and, 
as he did not intend to revisit the banks of the Isis r and 
had often been securely carried to a neighbouring cha- 
pel, where he officiated, on the back of this identical 
horse, he purchased him, to the intent that he should 
get into a good living also. But the turbulent part of 
this poor brute's adventures were not yet performed. 
His patron died, without himself deriving what might 
have been expected from bis benefice; and, soon after 
the decease of the master, the servant fell into the 
hands of a man in the same parish, who, to a variety 
bf other endeavours to subsist a large and needy fa- 
mily, added that of letting out occasionally a horse, 
Our hero, still unbroken in eitht-r knees or constitu- 
tion, was deemed fit for this purpose, and, being 
thought of little value, was obtained at an easy price. 
His new master removed soon after to Lowestoft, 
which you know is a considerable sea-bathing town by 
the sea-side, in the county of Suffolk, where the toils 


imposed by his Oxford tyrant were more than accumu- 
lated ; for, besides dragging a cart all the morning 
with loads of bread (a baker being among the business 
of his master), he was, on account of his gentle dispo- 
sition, ihe horse fixed upon to take a couple of gouty 
invalids in the bathing-machine, after the more vigo- 
rous divers and dippers had finished their ablutions. 
In the afternoon he was harnessed to the London post- 
coach, which daily past from Lowestoft to Yarmouth. 
The next morning, by day-break, he came with the 
return of the said coach, and was then ready for the 
diurnal rotation at home, unless a more profitable of- 
fer happened to take him another way. Four years of 
his life were passed in this miserable round of labours, 
and it was at this period of his history he and I became 

My affections were engaged, and I pre-determined 
to make a present to them of this horse, for a sight of 
which I immediately sent my servant ; but, when he 
was led to the door of my friend's house, and though 
my resolution to mark him for my own grew firmer, as 
I gazed upon. his pity-moving carcase, I totally gave 
up all ideas of his utility. The owner himself con- 
fessed he was almost done up; at which thought a long 
sigh ensued, and a confession that he had been the 
chief support of the family ; observing, while he patted 
his neck, that the poor fellow might be said not only 
to carry his childrens' bread to be sold, but to make 
it. — M But its all over with you now, my old boy, (con- 
tinued the baker) you may get me through the autumn, 

mayhap, and then— " " What then?" said I.— 

" He must hobble away to the kennel ?" — " To the 
kennel !" — " Even so, master : what must be, must be : 


I can't afford to let him die by inches ; and, if I could, I 
don't see the humanity of that ; better give him to the 
dogs while they can make a meal of him, and pay me a 
small matter for their entertainment.— He will, how- 
ever, carry your honour this month to come creditably." 
Pre-determined, as I said, to spare the remains of 
this poor wretch, I bought him on the spot, convinced 
that it would be difficult to find any other person who 
would receive him on any terms. His appearance was 
such as would have justified Rosinante in refusing his 
acquaintance on the etiquette of comparative poverty. 
The association would have disgraced that celebrated 
spectre; nor did Quixotte himself exhibit so woeful a 
countenance. If ever, therefore, I could boast of an 
action purely disinterested, and which had unalloyed 
compassion for its basis, it was the giving five times 
more than he was worth, that is to say, five guineas, 
for this old horse j intending only, at the time, that 
he should pass the residue of his days in peaceful in- 
dolence, broke in upon by the infirmities of life, and 
die a natural death. To this end I obtained him the 
run of a friend's park, where I considered him as a re- 
spectable veteran retired on a pension. In this ver- 
dant hospital he remained, unsought, unseen, a whole 
year; at the end of which, being invited to pass the 
Christmas with the noble and generous owner of the 
park aforesaid, I paid a visit also to my pensioner, 
who had grown so much beyond himself on their un- 
measured bounty, that he seemed to be renovated. 
Do not wonder that I scarce knew him in his improve- 
ments, for he appeared not to know himself. The poor 
fellow's very character was inverted; the alteration 
reached from head to heel: he neighed, snorted, kick- 


ed, and frolicked about the pasture, on my first at- 
tempt to stop him, with the airs of a silly foal. I re- 
minded him that he ought to deport humbly, consider- 
ing the melancholy situation from which he was but 
recently delivered; yet, so far from paying any atten- 
tion, he turned from my morality with another snort 
of disdain, tossed up his saucy head, and threw up his 
heels, wholly forgetting, like other ingrates, his for- 
mer condition. Like them too, he appeared to. con- 
sider the world now made for him ; and, therefore, 
betwixt jest and earnest, I was resolved once more to 
shew he was made for the world. 

The next day I caused him to be taken from his 
green recess, and performed the tour of the environs 
on his back. More airily, more pleasantly, I could 
not have been canied, nor, towards the end of the 
ride, more soberly. The spirit which he shewed in 
the pasture was but as the levities of a hearty and 
happy old age, iu the plenitude of uncurbed leisure; 
like the gaiety of a veteran, who, finding himself in 
health, might take it into his head to finish in a coun- 
try-dance; but these are sallies for a moment! Ah ! 
my friend, how many poor starving wretches, worn 
down by their cruel task- masters, goaded like this 
horse by the " whips and spurs of the time," and driven 
out of one hard service to another, might, like him, be 
rescued, in the extremity, at small expence, and by 
the hand of bounty be protected from farther rigours ! 
even till they were renewed for a serviceable, instead 
of a diseased old age ! How many half-famished, hard- 
ridden creatures of the human race, I say, might, in 
like manner, be replenished. RejeC not this long 
story, this episode, this heroi-comi-epic if you please; 


but I cannot allow you to call it a digression. You 
will admit it to be in point when you are given to un- 
derstand, that on this very horse, thus restored by a 
little indulgence, I have measured a thousand miles, 
and find myself in sufficient heart to measure a thou- 
sand more. In the four and twentieth year of his age 
we sallied forth ; and if the master had, in the course 
of his travels, made as few trips, as few false steps, as 
the servant, he might be a match for the .safest goer 
on the road of life. 


Tn e savage disposition of this animal renders it well; 
known about the Cape of Good Hope, and in the 
several other parts of Africa, where it is found. It is- 
very large, and enormously strong. The body is of a 
black, or dusky ash-colour ; the front parts covered 
with long, coarse, black hair. The horns are very thick 
and rugged at the base, sometimes measuring three 
feet in length, and laying so flat as to cover almost all 
the top of the head. The body and limbs are very 
thick and muscular; and the animal is above twelve 
feet long and six in height. The head hangs down, 
and bears a most fierce and malevolent aspect. 

In the plains of Caffraria, the buffalos are so com- 
mon, that is by no means unusual to see a hundred and 
fifty, or two hundred, of them in a herd. They gene- 
rally retire to the thickets and woods in the day time, 
and at night go out into the plains to graze. 

Treacherous in the extreme, they frequently conceal 
themselves among the trees, and there stand lurking 
till some unfortunate passenger comes by, when the 


animal at once rushes out into the road, and attacks 
the traveller, who has no chance to escape but by 
climbing up a tree, if he is fortunate enough to be near 
one. Flight is of no avail, he is speedily overtaken by 
the furious beast, who, hot content with throwing him 
down and killing him, stands over him for a long time 
afterwards, trampling him with his hoofs, and crushing 
Lim with his knees; and not only mangles and tears 
the body to pieces with his horns and teeth, but like- 
wise strips oft' the skin, by licking it with his tongue. 
Nor does he perform all this at once, but ofien retires 
to some distance from the body, and returns with sa- 
vage ferocity to gratify afresh his cruel inclination. 

As Professor Thunberg was travelling in Caffraria, 
he and his companions had just entered a wood, when 
they discovered a large old male buffalo, lying quite 
alone, in a spot that, for the space of a few square 
yards, was free from bushes. The animal no sooner 
observed the guide, who went first, than, with a horri- 
ble roar, he rushed upon him. The fellow turned his 
liorse short round behind a large tree, and the buffalo 
rushed straight forwards to the next man, and gored 
his horse so dreadfully in the belly, that it died soon af- 
ter. These two climbed into trees, and the furious 
animal made his way towards the rest, of whom the pro- 
fessor was one, who were approaching, but at some 
distance. A horse without a rider was in the front; 
as soon as the buffalo saw him, he became more out- 
rageous than before, and attacked him with such fury 
that he not only drove his horns into the horse's 
breast, but even again through the very saddle. This 
horse was thrown to the ground with such excessive 
violence, that he instantly died, and many of his bones 


were broken. Just at this moment the professor hap- 
pened to come up, but, from the narrowness of the 
path, having no room to turn round, he was glad to 
abandon his horse, and take refuge in a tolerably high 
tree. The buffalo, however, had finished for, after the 
destruction of the second horse, he turned suddenly- 
round, and galloped away. 

Some time after this, the professor and his party 
espied an extremely large herd of buffalos grazing on a 
plain. Being now sufficiently apprized of the disposi- 
tion of these animals, and knowing that they would not 
attack any person in the open plains, they approached 
within forty paces, and fired amongst them. The 
whole troop, notwithstanding the individual intrepidity 
of the animals, surprized by the sudden flash and re- 
port, turned about, and made off towards the woods. 
The wounded buffalos separated from the rest of the 
herd, from inability to keep pace with them. Amongst 
these was an old bull buffalo, which ran with fury to- 
wards the party. They knew that, from the situation 
of the eyes of these animals, they could see in scarcely 
any other direction than straight forward; and that in 
an open plain, if a man that was pursued darted out 
of the course, and threw himself flat on the ground, 
they would gallop forward to a considerable distance 
before they missed him. These circumstances pre- 
vented their suffering any material alarm. The ani- 
mal, from this circumstance, passed close by them, 
and fell before he appeared to have discovered his er- 
ror. Such, however, was his strength, that, notwith- 
standing the ball had entered his chest, and penetrated 
through the greatest part of his body, he ran at full 
speed several hundred paces before he fell. 


. The Cape buffalo is frequently hunted by Europeans 
and by the natives of South Africa. In Caffraria he is 
generally killed by means of javelins, which the inha- 
bitants use with considerable dexterity. When a Caf- 
fre has discovered the place where several buffalos are 
collected together, he blows a pipe, made of the thigh- 
bone of a sheep, which is heard at a great distance. 
The moment his comrades hear this notice, they run up 
to the spot, and surrounding the animals, which they 
take care to approach by degrees, lest they should 
alarm them, throw their javelins at them. This is ge- 
nerally done with so sure an aim, that out of eight or 
twelve, it is very rarely that a single one escapes. It 
sometimes, however, happens that, while the buffalos 
are running off, some one of the hunters who stands in 
the way is tossed and killed; but this is a circum- 
stance not much regarded by the Caffrarians. When 
the chase is ended, each one cuts and takes away his 
share of the game. 

Some Europeans at the Cape once chased a buffalo, 
and having driven him into a narrow place, he turned 
round, and instantly pushed at one of his pursuers, who 
had on a red waistcoat. The man, to save his life, ran 
to the water, plunged in, and swam off, the animal 
followed him so closely, that the poor fellow had no al- 
ternative but that of diving. He dipped overhead, and 
the buffalo, losing sight of him, swam on towards the 
opposite shore, three miles distant, and, as was sup- 
posed, would have reached it, had he not been shot by 
a gun from a ship lying at a little distance. The skin 
was presented to the governor of the Cape, who had it 
stuffed, and placed it among his collection of curio- 


Like the hog, this animal is fond of wallowing in the 
mire. His flesh is lean, but juicy, and of a high fla- 
vour. The hide is so thick and tough, that targets, 
musket proof, are formed of it ; and even while the 
animal is alive, it is said to be in many places impene- 
trable to a leaden musket-ball; balls, hardened with a 
mixture of tin, are, therefore, always used, and even 
these are often flattened by the resistance. Of the 
skin the strongest and best thongs for harness are 

The Hottentots, who never put themselves to any 
great trouble in dressing their victuals, cut the buffa- 
lo's flesh into slices, and then smoke, and at the same 
time half broil it, over a few coals. They also fre- 
quently eat it in a state of putrefaction. They dress the 
hides by stretching them on the ground with stakes, 
afterwards strewing them over with warm ashes, and 
then with a knife scraping off the hair. 


This celebrated character was a shoe-maker, pre- 
vious to his entrance into the sporting-world, at Wat- 
lington, a village near Benson, in Oxfordshire ; and 
for his punctualit}' in performing his promises enjoyed 
no small degree of rustic reputation. Being married 
early in life, he was in a few years surrounded by an 
epitome of King Priam's family; but his wife dying, 
he commenced his career as a cock-feeder, with as 
much modest sensibility as could be expected in any 
man in a similar situation. His person was good, his 
manner open, and his countenance without disguise ; 
but, like every other adventurer who depends upon 


such a fickle jilt as Fortune, he at first experienced a 
variety of hits and gammons, replete with various vi- 
cissitudes. Being alternately elated by the smiles of 
to day, and the rebuffs of to-morrow, he continued to 
fluctuate between hope and despair, till his prudence 
and equanimity were put to the test by a rapid rise to 
the zenith of success and professional popularity. 
But the vibrations of enthusiastic, flattering, fleeting 
popularity, and unsullied prosperity, we are told the 
brain of poor Bromley was not sufficiently fortified to 
bear — for having vainly suffered his ambition to rise to 
the utmost pitch of gratification, by an uninterrupted 
chain of success, he met a reverse of fortune with such 
a burthen of mental misery, as was ever after plainly 
depicted in his countenance and manner ; and those 
who are most accustomed to scrutinize nature in her 
nicest moods, plainly saw into the inmost recesses of 
Iris heart. 

The successes of years in a great variety of mains, 
not only raised him to a degree of professional ce- 
lebrity (hardly inferior to any competitor in the king- 
dom) but gave him such a consciousness of superiority, 
and disgusting consequence, that soon hurled him from 
the summit of that eminence he had so rapidly at- 
tained, almost to the abyss of his original insigmficantfe 
}fi the scale of society. Even during the time a main 
was depending, when in the cock-pens with the toasters 
oi the match, he considered it a degradation to hear 
their opinions, or receive their instructions ; and al- 
though they were the ostensible and pecuniary princi- 
pals of the match, their ideas and admonitious were 
almost invariably held in the utmost contempt. Tbis 
(invincible) caprice, had it only happened in an in- 


stance or two, might have passed over without muck 
injury to his interest, but it became, by his constant 
encouragement, so completely habitual, that his best 
friends could no longer brook the inconsistency, and 
visibly began to decline ; his increasing pride, ill-hu- 
mour, and ostentation, became at length not only un- 
bounded, but unbearable $ his greatest patrons saw it 
of course with concern, and withdrew their favours in 

Captain Bertie (brother of the Earl of Abingdon, 
lately deceased) was his first and best friend, Mr. Du- 
rand his last, for whom he was permitted to feed a main 
at the Cockpit Royal, upon which unusual sums of 
money were depending. To sum up his character, he 
was a man of correct professional judgment, but, un- 
fortunately for him, that judgment was frequently sub- 
servient to the prevalence of unqualified passion and 
unrestrained impetuosity; failings which placed him in 
a situation much better conceived than described ; in 
consequence of the overbearing rudeness and personal 
peevishness that latterly rendered him so truly obnox- 
ious to his superiors, particularly those who had his 
interest most at heart, as well as his unfortunate subor- 
dinates, who looked upon him with the complicated 
a»d jaundiced eyes of commiseration, envy, and dis- 
content. At one view, however, taking him for " all 
in all," we presume that no one man has passed through 
the " fiery ordeal" of a cock-pit, surrounded with its 
concomitant villanies, with a greater degree of unsul- 
lied purity; many there are in the long list of " gay 
bold-faced villains," who have largely attacked his pe- 
cuniary sensations, without effect; and from our own 
knowledge of his professional practice and pleasurable 


pursuits, we are justified in our opinion and report, that 
he lived and died a man whose honesty never sustained 
a shock, and whose integrity was never suspected. 


Described by a late Traveller in that Country. 

Some of their amusements are peculiar to the cli- 
mate. One of the chief is, that of riding in a light 
open sledge for pleasure, which is very common, be*- 
cause very agreeable, when the weather is not too 
severe. Skating may be mentioned as another; but 
the weather is often too severe for that, and therefore 
it is by no means so general in Russia, as in milder 
climates, such as Holland, Germany, &c. But of all 
the winter diversions of the Russians, the most favourite 
and which is peculiar to them, seems to be that of sli- 
ding down a hill. They make a track on the side of a 
steep hill, mending any little inequalities with snow, 
or ice; then at the verge of the hill, sitting on a little 
seat not bigger than, and much resembling a butcher's 
tray, they descend with astonishing velocity. The 
sensation is, indeed, very odd, but, to myself, for I of- 
ten had the curiosity to try, I cannot say it was agree- 
able; the motion is so rapid, it takes away one's 
breath: nor can I give you an idea of it, except desiring 
you to fancy you were to fall from the top of a house 
without hurting yourself, in which you would probably 
have some mixture of fear and surprise. The Russi- 
ans are so fond of this diversion, that at Petersburgh, 
having no hills, they raise artificial mounts on the ice 
t 2 


on the river Neva, for the purpose of sliding down 
them ; particularly on holidays and festival seasons, 
when aU the p< ople, young and old, rich and poor, 
partake of the sport; paying a trifle to the person who. 
constructed the mount, each time they descend. 

I call this peculiar to Russia, as a diversion : for 
though it is practised at the place known by the name 
of the Ramasse, the descent of Mount Cenis to Lanc- 
bourg, which, in some seasons of the year, is in a state 
that admits of travellers sliding down it in the same 
method, as is described in most books that treat of the 
Alps, yet. this may be considered rather as necessity, 
or convenience, than merely amusement. 

The late Empress Elizabeth was so fond of this di- 
version, that, at her palace of Zarsko Zello, she had 
artificial mounts, of a very singular construction, made 
for this purpose. These have been called by some En- 
glishmen who have visited that country, " the Flying 
Mountains;" and I do not know a phrase which ap- 
proaches neaier to the Russian name. You will ob- 
serve, that there are five mounts of unequal heights; 
the first and highest is full thirty feet perpendicular al- 
titude ; the momentum with which they descend to 
this carries them over the second, which is about five 
or six feet lower, just sufficient to allow for the friction 
and resistance ; and so on to the last, from which they 
are conveyed by a gentle descent, with nearly the same 
velocity, over a piece of water into a little island. 
These slides, which are about a furlong aud a half in 
length, are made of wood, that they may be used in 
summer as well as in winter. The process is, two oj 
four persons sit in a hale carriage, and one stands be- 
hind, for the more there are in it, the greaterthe swift- 


ness with which it goes; it runs on castors and in 
grooves to keep it in its right direction, and it descends 
with wonderful rapidity. Under the hill is a machine 
worked by horses, for di awing the carriages back 
again, with the company in them. Such a work as 
this would have been enormous in most countries, for 
the labour and expence it cost, as well as the vast quan- 
tity of wood used in it. At the same place there is 
another artificial mount, which goes in a spiral line, 
and, in my opinion, (for I have often tried it also) is 
very disagreeable; as it seems always leaning on one 
side, and the person feels in danger of falling out of his 

They are able also to go out a hunting; and as the 
country abounds with game, it furnishes a large part 
of their provisions during the seasons when they are 
permitted to eat it; for the fasts of the Greek church,, 
taken together, interdict animal food full half the year. 
The method the common people use in hunting is 
with snow shoes, which are nothing more than a piece 
of wood, half an inch thick, five or six feet long, 
aud about four inches broad, turned up at the end, 
which they fasten at the bottom of their feet, and by 
means of them they run, or rather skate, over the snow, 
with a pole in their hands, faster than the hare, or any 
game they pursue, which are apt to sink in. 

They enjoy also the profitable diversion of fishing, 
notwithstanding the water's being covered with ice; 
and one manner of it, with a drag-net, is very particu- 
lar, though I doubt if I shall be able to describe it, so 
as to give you an idea of it. There is a hole, about 
four feet by two, cut in the ice, to let down a common 
drag-net ; opposite to this, at the distance they nieau 
T 3 


to pull up the net, is another hole, about four feet 
square : they then cut a number of small round holes 
at about four yards distant from each other, in a circu- 
lar form, from the hole where the net is let down, to 
that where it is taken up. At the ends of the two 
strings, that is, the upper and lower strings which drag 
the net. long poles are tied: these poles will reach 
from one round hole to another, where they are di- 
rected and pushed under the ice, as they swim at the 
top of the water, till they come to the biggest square 
hole, at which they draw tbem out, and by this means 
the net, inclosing the fish it has surrounded ; for the 
upper part of the net is floated at the top of the water 
under the ice, and the lower part of it sunk by leads, 
in the same manner as when the river is open : the in- 
genuity of the operation consists in the contrivance of 
dragging under the ice. 


Some time since, as Mr. Clarke, of.Horndean, was 
going a few miles on foot, in the forest of Bere, to visit 
a friend, he observed a hare come into the green road 
before him, which seemed to be listening, and looking 
back for something which pursued her. He stood 
still, and hearing no dog, was curious to discover the 
cause of her alarm ; when, to his great surprise, he dis- 
covered the object of it to be a small yellow-red and 
white stoat, which hunted her footsteps with the ut- 
most precision. He, wishing to know if so diminutive 
an animal could have a chance of coping with the great 
speed of the hare, retreated to a holm-bush hard, by, 
where he was an attentive observer of this silent hunt 


lor near two hours, during which, he is certain to have 
seen both hare and stoat at least forty times. They 
were frequently gone for five or ten minutes ; but the 
hare, still unwilling to leave the place where she was 
found, came round again, and her little pursuer some- 
times close at her heels. Towards the end of this re- 
markable chase, which became uncommonly interest- 
ing, the hare took advantage of the thickest covert the 
place afforded, and made use of all her cunning and 
strength to escape, but without effect; till at length, 
weaned out by the perseverance of the stoat Mr. C. 
heard her cry for some time. At last, the cries coming 
from one point, he concluded she was become the vic- 
tim of the chase; on which he went to the spot, where 
he found the hare quite dead, and the stoat so intently 
fastened on her neck, as not to perceive his approach. 
The stoat, in its turn> now fell a victim to Mr. C/s 
stick ; after which he proceeded, with both bare and 
stoat, to the house of his friend. 


This extraordinary man was born in the year 1736, 
at Horsforth, near Leeds, in Yorkshire, and, being bred 
to the law, was clerk to an attorney, in the New Inn, 
London. While in that employ, he had occasion to 
go to York for some leases, to which place he went 
and returned on foot, in little more than six days. He 
afterwards performed several expeditions with great 
swiftness, particularly from London to Maidenhead - 
bridge and back, (twenty-seven miles) in seven hours. 

In 1773, he made a deposit of twenty pounds, for 
T 4? 


a wager of one hundred guineas, the conditions ©f 
which were, that he should begin, some Monday in 
November, a journey to York on foot, and back again 
in six days. 

He accordingly set out on Monday, November the 
2.9th, 1773. The particulars of this journey, as au- 
thenticated by Mr. Powell, are as follow : — 

M I set out from Hicks's-hall, London, on the 2£th 
of November, 1773, about twenty minutes past twelve 
o'clock in the morning, for a wager of one hundred 
guineas, which I was to perform in six days, by going 
to York, and returning to the above place. 


ei I got to Stamford about nine o'clock in the 
evening of that day --------88 

u Nov. 30. Set out from Stamford about five in 
the morning, and got to Doncaster about 
twelve at night --------- 73 

" Dec, 1. Set out from Doncaster about five in 
the morning, and got to York at half-past two 
in the afternoon ---------37' 

"'' Departed from York about six the same after- 
noon, and got to Ferrybridge about ten that 
night 32 

" Dec. 2. Set out from Ferrybridge about five 
in the morning, and got to Grantham about 
twelve at night ----.-•--- 65 

" Dec. 3. Set out from Grantham at six in the 
morning, and got to the Cock at Eaton about 
eleven at night - ---------54 

11 Dec. 4. Set out from Eaton, the sixth and 
last day, about four in the morning, and ar- 


rived at Hicks's-hall about half past six in the 
evening ---^----.•-•-55 

Total 39+ 

" Foster Powell." 

What rendered this exploit more extraordinary was, 
that he set out in a very indifferent state of health, being 
compelled, from a pain in his side, to wear a strength- 
ening plaister all the way ; his appetite, moreover, was 
very indifferent, for his most frequent beverage was 
either water or small beer ; and the refreshment he 
most admired was tea, and toast and butter. 

In his next two performances he \va» more unfortu- 
nate. The first was in the summer of I77b> he run a 
match of a mile on Barham Downs, near Canterbury, 
against Andrew Smith, a famous runner of that time, 
who beat him. 

The second was in November, 1778, when he un- 
dertook to run two miles in ten minutes, on the Lea- 
bridge road, which he lost by only half a minute. 

In September, 1787, he offered a wager of twenty- 
five guineas, that he walked from the Falstaff Inn, at 
Canterbury, to London- bridge, and back again, which 
is one hundred and twelve miles, in twenty- four hours : 
which being accepted, he set out on the 27 th of that 
month, at four o'clock in the afternoon, reached Lon- 
don bridge at half-past two the next morning, and was 
again at Canterbury at ten minutes before four in the 
afternoon. « 

June the 8th, 1788, he set out from Hicks's-hall, on 
his second journey to York and back again; which he 
t a 


performed in five days and nineteen hours and a 

On the I5th of July following, be undertook, for one 
hundred guineas, to walk one hundred miles in twenty- 
two hours, which he accomplished with ease, and had 
several minutes to spare. He went from Hyde-Park, 
Corner to the fifty mile-stone at Wolverton-Hill, on 
the Bath road, and back to Hyde-Park Corner. 

In 1790, he took a bet of twenty guineas to thirteen, 
that he would walk to York and return in five days 
and eighteen hours. He set off on Sunday, the 22d of 
August, at twelve at night, and reached Stamford on 
Monday night; arrived at Doncaster on Tuesday 
night; returned from York as far as Ferrybridge, on 
Wednesday; on Thursday he slept at Grantham; on 
Friday 011 this side "Biggleswade, and arrived at St« 
Paul's cathedral on Saturday, at ten minutes past four, 
which was one hour and fifty minutes less than the 
time allowed him. 

He was so little fatigued with this journey, that he 
offered to walk one hundred miles the next day, if any 
person would make it worth his trouble, by a consider- 
able wager. 

Soon after this he exhibited himself in a new light to 
the public, .>y being theatrically crowned at Astley's 
Amphitheatre, in the same manner as Voltrire was at 
the Comedie Francois, in Paris, some years before. 

On November 22d following, he was beat by West 
a publican, of Windsor, in walking (for forty guiueas) 
forty miles on the western road : and, soon after, 
failed in attempting to walk from Canterbury to Lon- 
don in twenty-four hours, owing to the extreme dark- 
ness of the nigU. On his return over Blackheatu he 


fell several times, and could not recover the right 

On Sunday night, July the 1st, he started, at twelve 
o'clock, from Shoreditch church, to walk to York and 
back again in five days and fifteen hours, for a wager 
of thirteen guineas; which he won, by arriving at 
Shoreditch the following Saturday, at thirty-five mi- 
nutes past one in the afternoon, which was an hour 
and twenty-five minutes withmhis time. 

He walked, on the Brighten road, one mile in nine 
minutes, for a wager of fifteen guineas; and run it 
back again in five minutes and fifty-two seconds, which 
was eight seconds within the time allowed him. 


Endeavour to inculcate an idea, wherever you 
go, that riding hard and riding bets are the only things 
on eanh to excite attention; that they are the leading 
qualifications by which to acquire pre-eminence, and, 
in fact, that there is no pleasure bat the chase, that a 
sensible man can engage in with consistency. Hold it 
forth to your servants, as a matter of the utmost mag- 
nitude, and confirm this by the orders of the preceding 
evening, that the whole house may be in early confu- 
sion, and strict preparation in the morning. If you 
possess a hoise not worth twenty pounds, or the least 
entitled to the appellation of a hunter, (affect a dig- 
nity, if you have it not.) let him be ordered in wait- 
ing at the place df throwing off; to which, after leav- 
ing the hand of your hair-dresser, and a comfortable 
breakfast-table, you come dashing upon a ten pound 
hack ; here it is necessary tor you to ride up with the 
T <5 


most unbounded effrontery, and survey every part of the 
company with the most ineffable contempt; exchange 
your horse, adjust your apparatus, and ask your ser- 
vant (although he may be only so lor the day) a 
thousand questions, of no other import than to render 
yourself conspicuous. When the hounds are thrown 
into covert, and every experienced sportsman is in 
silent agitation for the first challenge, it will be your 
particular care to become the only subject of vocifera- 
tion, by unnecessary remarks, or futile observations; 
be sure to gallop from one extremity of the covert to 
the other, when the hounds have good drag, and are 
likely to find : so soon as they unkennel, fix yourself 
at the most likely spot for the fox to break, because you 
will not only have the pleasure of beading him, but 
probably the happiness of a vein, and this you may do 
with the strictest attention to your love of the sport, be- 
cause the longer he remains in the covert where he is 
found, the longer you will insure the satisfaction of 
hearing the hounds. If he luckily should avoid being 
mobbed to death by you, and your fraternity, and is so 
fortunate as to break away, it becomes your duty to 
lay as well as you can with the hounds; but when, as 
it may frequently happen, you find the horses of others 
Jbave more speed, or are better leapers than your own, 
vociferate " Hold hard ! hold hard!" with the most 
violent and stentorian voice. This will give a decided 
proof of your consequence (particularly if you are a 
subscriber to the pack), and will intimidate the pusilla- 
nimous to let you get before them ; by which stroke of 
policy you in part carry your point, and become a 
leading sportsman of the first description, at least in. 
vour own opinion. 


Take a great number of unnecessary leaps in the 
course of the dav, not only to prove your courage, but 
\our humanity also, by such a display of attentive ten' 
dcrness to your favourite horse. However \ou may 
have been accidentally behind, make a point of coming 
up in the midst of a dirty country, or watery lane, for 
by almost smothering those you pass with dirt or wa- 
ter, you become an object of general attraction, 
though whether by exciting smiles of approbation, or 
frowns of contempt, experience will best convince. 
Whenever you may happen to be at the death, take 
care to give the huntsman, or whipper-in, a previous 
hint that you have particular occasion for the brink 
(or at any rate a pad), for which they shall receive the 
customary gratuity. 

After the chase, bore all your friends, for some days, 
with its incredible length and innumerable difficulties; 
M what hair-breadth escapes in the imminent deadly 
breach," and how very much you had rendered your- 
self an object of admiration. 

Carefully implant in your memory these leading 
traits of instruction, as they will olten be serviceable 
to you upon those occasions, which it will be needless, 
bo enumerate. 


After a journey of two short days, we arrived kt 
a pleasant valley, shaded by a prodigious number of 
nimosas in full bloom, where we found a herd of cat- 
lie, whose presence told us, a horde could not be very 
-distant. Klaas, and the Namagnais, went before to 


announce my arrival. The beauty of the pasturage, 
which every where covered the foot of the mountains, 
made me determine to spend a few days near the horde. 
When my tent was fixed, the chief came to pay me a 
visit, and gave me very satisfactory news respecting 
my camp at Orange River, which he had seen ; they 
lived with another horde, who were gone to exchange 
cattle for tobacco. He himself would have sent some 
of his own people on the same object, had it not been 
for a circumstance that kept him in continual alarm, 
and hindered him from weakening his troop, by de- 
taching his men. For some time past, a lion and 
lioness had taken up their abode in a thick coppice, 
which he shewed me ; the horde had in vain endea- 
voured to dislodge the ferocious beasts, they having 
evaded all their attacks. They came, he said, every 
night, and attacked not only the beasts, but the men 
themselves ; and, the very night before, they had taken 
away an ox. Full of confidence and hope in the suc- 
cess of my fire-arms, the horde was happy at my arri- 
val, and entreated me to rid them of so dangerous an 
enemy ; not in the least doubting rny success, if 1 would 
attempt it. 

Of the two favours these people wished me to oblige 
them in, one was entirely out of my power, which 
was letting them have tobacco; for, for a month 
past, my own people lived on half their allowance. It 
was easier, however, for me to serve them in regard 
to the lions ; but this required great circumspection 
and prudence. The lions being so resolved to remain, 
in spite of all the efforts of the horde to drive them off, 
made me suspect they had cubs, and this circumstanfe 
would render the attack extremely dangerous; for 


these animals, formidable at all times, are, under 
these circumstances, so furious, that nothing can re- 
sist them. Nevertheless, I engaged to attack them on 
the following day, and promised either to destroy 
them, or force them away ; but considering the thick* 
ness of the coppice, and difficulty of approach, I re- 
quired, independent of my own people, the assistance 
of all the horde. During the night we surrounded 
ourselves with a great many fires, and every now and 
then discharged our pieces. These precautions were, 
however, useless, for having to devour the remains of 
the ox, they did not appear, though we heard them 
frequently during the night. At day-break all the men 
of the horde were armed, ready for the attack, even 
the women and children wished to be of the party ; 
not indeed to join in the attack, but to have the plea- 
sure of enjoying our victory. VJe heard the lions fre- 
quently roar, but the appearance of day quieted them, 
and the profound silence that remained on the appear- 
ance of the lion, was to us the signal of departure. 
The coppice was about two hundred feet long, and 
sixty-one broad, and was more sunk than any of the 
surrounding ground, so that to get at it we were forced 
to descend. It was chiefly composed of low bushes 
and underwood, except towards the middle, where 
there we: e a few nimosas. If I could have gained 
these trees, seated on their summit, 1 should have 
been in a favourable place to attack them ; and might, 
at my leisure, have shot them both. To attempt this, 
as 1 did not know exactly the den of the lions, was, 
however, too dangerous ; the only plan then that re- 
mained, was to attempt to drive them out of their 
hiding place, For it was difficult, and almost impos- 


sible, to arrive at the place where they were, on ac- 
count of the bushes, which were so hit>h and thick,, 
that my marksmen would not have been able to use 
their long fusils. I determined to place them at differ- 
ent distances on the heights which surrounded the wood, 
in such a manner that the lions could net reach the 
plain without b< ing perceived. As none of the savages 
would enter the place, we were obliged to attempt 
driving the oxen of the horde into it : this was a diffi- 
cult matter; but, by dint of blows and noise, we at 
last forced them to enter ; at the same time my dogs 
were let loose, and, to frighten our enemy still more, 
I discharged my pistol several times. The oxen smel- 
ling the animals, soon began to recoil ' y but bring re- 
pulsed by our noise, and the barking of the dogs, they 
entered furiously, lowing in a dreadful manner. The 
lions roused by their danger, expressed their rage by 
roaring horribly. The shock of two armies was not 
more tremendous than their terrible roaring, con- 
founded with the animated cries of the men and dogs,, 
and bellowing of oxen. This frightful concert conti- 
nued for some time, and I began to despair of success 
in our enterprize, when, on the side opposite to where 
I was, 1 heard piercing cries, instantly followed by the 
report of a gun ; to this report, immediately suc- 
ceeded shouts of joy, which passing from one to the 
other, soon reached me, and announced a victory. 
I ran to the place from whence the noise came, and 
found the lioness expiring. 

It had ai last quitted its fort, and was rushing with 
fury towards my troop, when Klaas, who occupied 
that post, seeing her, had tired at and kdled her. Its 
teats, although without milk, were swelled and hang- 


ing, wbichxfnade me suppose her cubs were as ye^ 
young; and, in this conjecture, I was not deceived. 
The idea struck me of employing her body to draw 
them from the coppice. For this purpose I had her 
drawn to a certain distance, not doubting they would 
appear as soon as they found her track, and that the 
male himself might follow, either to revenge or defend 
them. I ordered therefore several of my men, who 
were to the right and left, to approach, and remain 
about twenty yards from the carcase, ready to fire if 
the animals approached. This scheme, however, fail- 
ed, and we passed many hours fruitlessly expecting 
them to appear. Indeed the cubs, uneasy at not see- 
ing their mother, ran to all quarters of the wood 
growling. The male separated from her, redoubled 
his roaring and his rage. He at one time appeared on 
the skirts of the thicket, his eyes flashing fire, his maue 
erected, and lashing his sides with his tail. But be 
was unfortunately out of the reach of my fusil. One 
of my men, who was nearer, however, fired at him, 
but missed him. At this bad shot he disappeared; 
and, whether he was afraid to attack a troop so nume- 
rous as ours, or would not abandon his young, or was 
slightly wounded, he appeared no more. After hav- 
ing uselessly waited some time, and despairing of the 
success of my stratagem, I resolved to have recourse 
to my former plan of attack, and ordered every man 
to his former post ; but the oxen were so extremely 
frightened, that when we attempted to force them 
into the coppice, we found it impossible. As we had 
employed the greatest part of the day, and the sun was 
now setting, the attack would become perilous, I 
thought it expedient to retreat, and leave for the next 


day our last victory. The savages carried with joy 
the lioness to the kraal, with the pleasing thoughts of 
having got rid of one of their enemies, and the feast 
they should make of the carcase. As for myself I 
only wanted the skin, and ordered it to be taken off; 
it was four feet four inches in height, and ten feet 
eight inches long. 

The author then proceeds, and gives an account of 
the feast, after which he says — During the night I 
heard neither the roarings of the cubs, nor of their fa- 
ther. I attributed the cause to the noise the savages 
made, for if all the lions had assembled on purpose to 
roar together, they could scarcely have been heard, in 
the noise and jollity of the feast ; but there was another 
reason, the male, frightened at the danger he was in,, 
had taken advantage of the night, and retired with his 
family. When we arrived to continue the chace in the 
morning we found the wood empty. From the first 
entrance of my dogs I perceived we were too late,, 
however, to be certain, I fired my pistols once or twice, 
in hopes, if they were there, at that- noise tljey would 
make themselves heard by their roaring, or by the 
noise they made in moving. This precaution having 
had no effect, we entered with circumspection, and 
only found vestiges of the slaughter this family had 
made. When I saw this, I occupied myself by trying 
to find out the size of the father, and the number and 
size of the cubs. From what I could judge, there 
seemed to have been only two ; but, from the print of 
their feet, f imagined them to be as large as my dog 
Yager, who reached as high as my middle, and there- 
fore they were already dangerous, and could do a 
great deal of mischief. As to the father, 1 concluded 


from the same circumstance, (for his feet, fiom the 
impression, seemed to be nearly three times the size 
oi ihe female's) that he must be of an enormous size. 


A young gentleman, an inhabitant of Lancas- 
ter, riding on the road beiwec:? Ravenglass and White- 
haven, on a very high-spirited blood horse, not far 
distant from Egremont, he was passed by a single horse 
chaise, which occasioned the animal to be very un- 
ruly ; thinking to pacify him by passing the chaise, he 
cantered forwards ; but the horse no longer to be re- 
strained, struck off on a full gallop, and coming upon 
Egremont-bridge (the middle of the battlements of 
which present nearly a right angle to the entrance upon 
it) was going with such fury, that, unable to retrieve 
himself, be leaped sidelong upon the battlements, 
which are upwards of four feet high. The rider find- 
ing it impossible to retrieve, and seeing the improba- 
bility of saving either of their lives, had he floundered 
over head foremost, just as the horse was falling head- 
long down, had the presence of mind to strike him on 
both sides with the spurs, and force him to take a clear 
Jeap.— Owing to this precaution, he alighted upon his 
feet, and the rider firmly keeping his seat, held up the 
horse, till reaching the bottom, he leaped off. When 
we consider the height of the bridge, which has been 
accurately ascertained to be upwards of twenty feet 
and an half perpendicular height from the top of the 
battlements, and that there was not one foot depth of 
water in the bed of the river where they fell, it is really 


miraculous that they were not both stricken dead upon 
the spot. 

He travelled with his accustomed vigour from Egre- 
mont to Whitehaven, the distance of five miles. The 
only injury he received was a sprain in one foot, which 
confined him three days at his inn, the King's Arms, 
in Whitehaven. He remained there three days longer, 
waiting the recovery of his horse, who had a slight 
wound in the stifle joint. Both perfectly recovered. 
The horse's feet had struck one of the parapet stones 
of the bridge with such violence, as to throw it four 
inches out of its situation. 


This very singular character must certainly excite 
the astonishment of every one whoever heard of his 
wonderful performance at the chess-board. The fol- 
lowing anecdotes were related by himself to a very 
distinguished sporting gentleman, the authenticity oi 
which is not to be doubted. 

Andre Danican Phillidcr was born at Dreux, near 
Paris, in 1726. His grandfather was a hautboy-player 
at the court of Louis X ill. An Italian niusjeiau, 
named Philhdor, was admired at that court for his 
performance on the same instrument; and, after his 
departure, the king gave Mr. Danican the sobriquet, or 
nick-name of Phillidor, which has still remained in the 
family. His father, and several of his brothers, be- 
longed to the baud of Louis XIV. and XV. 


At six years of age be was admitted among the 
children of the Chapel-Royal, at Versailles, where, 
being obliged to attend daily, he had an opportunity 
of learning chess from the musicians in waiting, of 
whom there were about eighty. Cards not being al- 
lowed so near the chapel, they had a long table, with 
six chess-boards inlaid. 

At the age of eleven, a motet, or psalm, with cho- 
ruses, of his composition, was performed, which 
pleased Louis XV. so much, that he gave the com- 
positor five louis ; this encouraged the lad to compose 
four more. When he had attained his fourteenth year 
he left the chapel, and was then reputed the most skil- 
ful chess-player in the band. This was in 1740, when 
several motets of his composition were performed at 
Paris, at the Concert Spirituel, which were favoura- 
bly received by the public, as the production of a 
child, who was already a master and teacher of mu- 

At this time chess was played at in almost every 
coffee-house in Paris, and he applied so closely to the 
game, that he neglected his scholars, and they con- 
sequently took another master. This induced him 
rather to pursue the study of chess thaa of music. 
Mr. de Kermui, Sire da Legalle, who is still living, 
and was then near forty years of age, was esteemed 
the best chess-player in France, and young Phillidor 
sought every opportunity of receiving his instructions, 
by which he improved so essentially, that, three years 
after, Mr. de Legalle, though still his master, was not 
able to allow him any advantage. 

Mr. de Legalle once asked him whether he had ever 
tried to play by memory, without seeing the board ? 


Phillidor replied, that as he had calculated moves, 
and even whole games at night in bed, he thought he 
could do it, and immediately played a game with the 
Abbe Chenard, which he won without seeing the 
board, and without hesitating upon any of the moves! 
This was a circumstance much spoken of in Paris, and, 
in consequence, he often repeated this method of play- 

Phillidor then finding he could readily play a single, 
game, offered to play two games at the same time, 
which he did at a coffee-house; and of this party 
the following account is given in the French Encyclo- 
pedia : — 

"We had at Paris a young man of eighteen, who 
played at the same time two games of chess, without 
seeing the boards, beating two antagonists, to either 
of whom he, though a first-rate player, could only, 
give the advantage of a knight when seeing the board. 
We shall add to this account a circumstance of which 
we were eye-witnesses. In the middle of one of his 
,games, a false move was designedly made, which* 
after a great number of moves, he discovered, and, 
placed the piece where it ought to have been at first. 
This young man is named Phillidor, the son of a 
musician of repute ; he himself is a musician, and, 
perhaps, the best player of Polish draughts there ever 
was or ever will be. This is among the most extra- 
ordinary examples of strength of memory and of ima- 

Forty years after this, he played two different times 
in London, three games at once. Of one of these ex- 
ertions, the following account appeared in the London 
newspapers in May, 17S3 : — 


Xi Yesterday, at the chess-club in St. James's-street, 
Mr. Pbilhdor performed one of those wonderful ex- 
hibitions for which he is so much celebrated. He 
played at the same time three different games, without 
seeing either of the tables. His opponents were Count 
Baihl, Mr. Bowdler, (the two best players in London) 
and Mr. Maseres. He defeated Count Bruhl in an 
foour and twenty minutes, and Mr. Maseres in two 
hours. Mr. Bowdler reduced his game 'to a drawn 
battle in an hour and three quarters. To those who 
understand chess, this exerlion of Mr. Phillidor's abi- 
lities must appear one of the greatest of which the hur- 
man memory is susceptible. He goes through it with 
astonishing accuracy, and often corrects mistakes in 
those who have the board before them. Mr. Phillidor 
sets with his back to the tables, and some gentleman 
present who takes his part, informs him of the move 
of his antagonist, and then by his direction, plays his 
pieces as he dictates." 

The other match was with Count Bruhl, Mr. Jen- 
nings, and Mr. Erskine, to the last of whom he gave 
a pawn and the move ; the count made a drawn game, 
and both the other gentlemen lost their games. 

In 1717, he visited England, where Sir Abraham 
Jansen introduced him to all the celebrated players of 
the time. Sir Abraham was not only the best chess- 
player in England, but likewise the best player he ever 
met with, after his master, Mr. de Legalle ; as the 
baronet was able to win one game in four of him even ; 
and Mr. de Legalle, with whom Sir Abraham after- 
wards played in Paris, was of the same opinion with 
regard to his skill. 


In 174-8, Mr. Phillidor returned to Holland, where 
he composed his Treatise on Chess. At Aix-la-Cha- 
pelle he was advised by Lord Sandwich to go to Eynd- 
boven, a village between Bois le-Duc and Maestricht, 
where the English army was encamped. He had there 
the honour of playing with the late Duke of Cumber- 
land, who subscribed liberally himself, and procured 
a great number of other subscribers to his work on 
Chess, which was published in London in 17*9- 

In 1750, he frequented the house of the French am* 
bassador, the Duke of Mirepoix, who gave a weekly 
dinner to the lovers of chess, at which game he was 
himself very expert. 

Phillidor remained another year in London, and 
learning that the King of Prussia was fond of chess, he 
set off for Berlin, 17 5\. The king saw him play seve- 
ral times atPostdam, but did not play with him him- 
self; there was a Marquis de Verennes, and a Jew, 
who played even with the king, and to each of these 
Phillidor gave a knight, and beat them. 

The year following he left Berlin, staid eight months 
at the Prince of VValdeck's, at Arolsen, and three 
weeks at the court of the Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel, 
and then returned to England, where he remained 
till 1775, when he returned to France. In that capi- 
tal he composed operas, and other pieces ; and, in the 
year 1794, we find him again in London, at Mr. Par- 
sloe's, in St. James's street, where, on the 23d of Fe- 
bruary, he played two games blindfold at the same 
time, against Count Bruhl and Mr. Wilson. Mr. 
Ph llidor giving the advantage of theiirst move to both 


Mr. Bowdler moved the pieces, agreeable to the 
direction of Mr. Phillidor, against Count Bruhl, and 
Mr. Rameau moved for him against Mr. Wilson. 

This match was strongly contested, and lasted an 
hour and thirty-five minutes. Mr. Phillidor, though 
he never manifested a clearer head, nor a more tena- 
cious memory, was obliged to yield to his adversaries, 
whom he had so often defeated before. The fact is, 
the odds were immense ; and though the celebrated 
foreigner is the best player in the world, the other gen- 
tlemen having made a wonderful progress in their 
improvement, occasioned of course their success. 

There was a most numerous and fashionable com- 
pany present, among whom was the Turkish ambassa- 
dor and his suite. His excellency paid great attention 
to the match, and followed all the moves of Count 


He was one of' the first sportsmen, and greatest 
characters, that this or any other country lias pro- 
duced. He was the uncle of his present Majesty, and 
as a commander, a sportsman, and a man, 

" Take him for all in ail, 

We ne'er shall look upon his like again ;*" 

For he was formed in " nature's nicest mould," that 
the world might be taught to estimate perfection. Un- 
der the influence of his counsel, under the weight of his 
personal exertions y that monster rebellion was subdued, 


beyond the power of renovation, and the British nation 
relieved from a state of anxiety, to which, by the 
restless ambition of its neighbours, it had been so long 
compulsively subjected. Rewarded by his sovereign, 
by the representatives of the people, and by the citizens 
of London, he retired from the field of war and the fac- 
tion of politics, to enjoy the otium cum dignitate of do- 
mestic comfort, at the lodge in Windsor Great Park, 
of which he , had some years before been appointed 
ranger. Here he engaged in all the attracting plea- 
sures of rural life; established his stud and breeding 
stock, and, with a portion of liberality equal (or su- 
perior) to the grateful munificence of a generous peo- 
ple, retained and employed in useful labour, a greater 
number of industrious poor than, perhaps, ever was, or 
maybe, seen again within the park, or forest of Wind- 
sor. To his indefatigable exertions the present gene* 
ration stands indebted for the various judicious crosses 
that have brought the breed of blood-horses to such a 
state of unprecedented perfection ; and the origin of all 
the most valuable stallions now in the kingdom, center 
in the happy combination of his own efforts to pro- 
duce priority. Crab, Marsh, Herod,- and Eclipse, were 
amongst the most celebrated of his own breed ; to which 
were annexed a very long list of progeny, that by his 
death and the " fascinating flourish of the hammer," 
were " scattered to all the winds of heaven." Marsh 
fell to the possession of Lord Abingdon, where lie con- 
tinued till his death — Eclipse first to Wild-man, then, 
partis equalis with 'Kelly, and, lastly, to O'Kelly 
solus— as did the little famous horse Milksop, the then 
first give and take horse in the kingdom; he was thus 
named by his Royal Highness, in consequence of hi& 


clam's taking fright at him as soon as he was foaled, and 
never could be brought to any association ; so that he 
was literally brought up by hand. Eclipse also deriv- 
ed his appellation from the circumstance of being 
brought forth during the great eclipse, or real " dark- 
ness visible." 

His Royal Highness, in his first efforts for superiori- 
ty, felt the mortification that every liberal mind must 
be subject to when surrounded by the most voracious 
sharks of every description. The family of the Greeks 
were then, as now exceedingly numerous, and to its 
various branches his Royal Highness was for a consi- 
derable time, most implicitly subservient; but as soon 
as it was possible for him to shake off the effects of the 
embarkation, and time had enabled him to produce 
stock of his oum breed, and that breed formed upon 
his well-improved judgment, he took the lead, and, 
in a very few years, totally defeated every idea of com- 
petition. He had, at the unexpected hour of his 
death, not only the most pure, perfect, and correct, 
but the most valuable stud of horses in his possession 
of any subject of the king's dominions; and his loss 
was considered as a still greater check to the sporting 
world, as it happened just at the moment when the 
turf &nd its enjoyments had acquired the meridian of 
popularity: it was the influenza of the day, to whose 
infection fresh objects were eternally becoming subject, 
and to which fashionable fascination the death of so 
great and so good a promoter, gave an instantaneous 
obstruction. Amongst the numerous improvements in- 
cessantly carrying on in and near his delightful resi- 
dence, the race course at Ascot seamed to be the most 
favourite and predominant object of pursuit; lading 
u 2 


claim to every care and attention that could possibly 
constitute a scene of the greatest and most unsullied 
brilliancy. This the hand of Providence (as the first 
object of his heart) spared him long enough to see 
complete ; but just in the moment of exultation, when 
loaded with the grateful caresses of an idolizing mul- 
titude, and when absolutely arranging the business of 
a spring aud autumn meeting at Ascot, to vie in some 
degree with the sport of Newmarket, and when the 
whole county resounded with unprecedented plaudits, 
the allwise and dispensing potoer, to whose dictates we 
must piously submit, dropped the curtain of death upon 
-such a life, such an accumulation of goodwill and cha- 
ritable practice to all mankind, that it is but little 
imitated, never can be excelled ! In the happy retrospec- 
tion of which one admonition naturally presents itself 
for the rumination of every contemplatist of human, 

" Go thou and do likewise." 


This nobleman, with many amiable virtues, and 
many brilliant accomplishments, had a great propensi- 
ty to gaming: in one night he lost three and thirty 
thousand pounds to the late General Scott. Morti- 
fied at his ill fortune, he paid the money, and wished 
to keep the circumstance secret ; it was however, 
whispered m the polite circles, and his lordship, to 
divert his chagrin, a tew nights after, slipped on a do- 
mino, and went to a masquerade at Carlisle house. 
He found all the company running after three Irish 
ladies of the name of G r , in the character ot the 


three weird sisters. These ladies were so well ac- 
quainted with every thing that was going on in the 
great world, that they kept the room in a continued 
roar by the brilliancy of their bon mots, and the terse- 
ness of their applications to some people of rank u ho 
were present. They knew Lord C — , and they km j w 
of his loss, though he did not know them. He walked 
up to them, and, in a solemn tone of voice, addressed 
them as follows : — • 

Ye black and midnight hags what do you do ? 
Live ye, or are ye aught that man may question ? 
Quickly unclasp to me the book of fate, 
Aud tell if good or ill my steps await. 


All hail C ! all hail to thee, 

Ouce annual lord of thousands thirty-three. 


All hail C ! All hail to thee, 

All hail ; though poor thou soon shalt be ! 


C , all hail ! thy evil star 

Sheds her baneful influence — Oh, beware ! 
Beware that Thane ! beware that Scott ! 
Or poverty shall be thy lot. 
He'll drain thy youth as dry as hay- 
Hither, sisters, haste away ! 

At the concluding word, whirling a watchman's rat- 
tle which she held in her hand, the dome echoed with 
the sound; the astonished peer shrunk in to himself 
with terror, retiied, and vowed never to lose more 


than a hundred pounds at a sitting: which resolution 
he ever after abided by. 


On the D^ath of ihe late 

John Pratt, Esq. 

Of Askrigg, in Wensleydale, 

"Who died at Newmarket, May 8, 1785. 

A character so eccentric — so variable — so valuable 

Astonish'd the age he liv'd in. 

Tho' small his patrimony, 

Yet, assisted by that and his own genius/ 

He, for upwards of thirty years, 

Supported all the hospitality 

Of an ancient Baron. 

The excellent qualities of his heart 

Were eminently evinced 

By his bounty to the poor; 

His sympathetic feelings for distress,. 

And his charity for all mankind. 

Various and wonderful were the means 

Which enabled him, with unsullied reputation,, 

To support his course of life : 

In which he saw, and experienced 

Many trials, and many vicissitudes 

of fortune ; 

And tho* often hard presb'd, whipt, and spurr'd, 

By that Jockey Necessity, 

He never swerv'd out of the course 

of honour. 

Once, when his finances were impair'd, 

He receiv'd a seasonable supply, 
By the performance of a Miracle !* 

A famous horse of his, got by Changeling. 


At different periods he exhibited 

(Which vere the just emblems ofhis own life) 

A Conundrum, an Enigma; and a Riddle; 

And strange to tell ! even these 

Enrich'd bis pocket. 

"Without incurring censure. 

He trained up an Tnfidel*, 

Which turned out to his advantage. 

He had no singular partiality 

For flowers, shrubs, roots, or birds. 

Yet for several years he maintain'd a Florist, f 

And his Red Rose, more than once, 

Obtain'd the premium. 

He had a Honeysuckle and a Pumpkin, 

Which brought hundreds into his purse : 

And a Phojnix, a Nightingale, a Goldfinch}, and fc 


Which produe'd him thousands. 

In the last war, 

He was owner of a Privateer, 

Which brought him several valuable prizes, 

Tho' never fam'd for gallantry, 

Yet he had in keeping, at different periods, 

A Virgin, a Maiden§, an Orange Girl, and a 

Ballad-Singer : 

Besides several Missesff, 

To all wham his attachment was notorious. 

* Got by Turk, dam (Goldfinch and Miss Nightingale's dsra- 
by Crab). 

+ Got by Match'em. 

J Got by Match'em out of Infidel's dam. 

§ Got by Match'em, out of his famous Squirt Mare, the dam 
of Conundrum, Pumpkin, Ranthos, ^Enigma, &c. and grandam 
of Miracle, Virgin, Dido, &c. 

|| The dam of Ruckingham, got by Match'em, out ofhis Squirt 

u 4 


And (what is still more a paradox) 

Tho' he had no issue by his lawful wife. 

Vet the numerous progeny, and quick abilities, 

Of these very females, 

Prov'd to him a source of supply. 

With all his seeming peculiarities and foibles* 

Heretain'd his Purity* 

Till a few davs before his death : 

When the great Cabiden 

Spread the fame thereof so extensively, 

A9 to attract the notice of his Prince, 

Who thought it no diminution of royalty 

To obtain so valuable an acquisition by purchase, 

Aitho' he parted with his Purity 

At a great price, 

Yet his honour and good name 

Remain'd untarnish'd to the end of his life. 

At his death, indeed Slander, 

(In the semblance of Pity) 
Taik'd much of his insolvency, 
And much of the ruin of individuals j 
> But the proof of his substance. 

And of a surplus not much inferior 

To his original patrimony, 

5oon answered — refuted — and wip'd away the calumny. 

To sum up the abstract of his character, 

It may trulv be said of him, 

That his frailties were few j 

His virtues many. 

That he liv'd, 

Almost universally belov'd j 

That he died, 
Almost universally lamented. 

Afterwards Rockingham. 



The badger is not known to exist in hot countries : 
it is an original native of the temperate climates of 
Europe, and is found, without any variety in Spain, 
France, Italy, Germany, Britain, Poland, and Swe- 
den. It breeds only twice in a year, and brings forth 
four or five at a time. 

The usual length of the badger is somewhat above 
two feet, exclusive of the tail, which is about six 
inches long; its eyes are small, and are placed in a 
black stripe, which begins behind the ears, and runs 
tapering towards the nose : the throat and legs are; 
black ; the back, sides, and tail are of a dirty grey, 
mixed with black; the legs are very short, strong, and 
thick: each foot consists of five toes; those on the 
fore-feet are armed with strong claws, well adapted for 
digging its subterraneous habitation. 

The badger retires to the most secret recesses, where 
it digs its hole, and forms its habitation under ground. 
Its food consists chiefly of roots, fruits, grass, insects, 
and frogs. It is accused of destroying lambs and rab- 
bits ; but there seems to be no other reason for con* 
sidering it as a beast of prey, than the analogy between 
its teeth, and those of carnivorous animals. 

Few creatures defend themselves better, or bite with 
greater keenness than the badger: on that account it 
is frequently baited with dogs trained for that purpose* 
and defends itself from their attacks with astonishing 
agility and success. Its motions are so quick, thai a 
dog is often desperately wounded in the moment of 
assault, and obliged to fly. The thickness of the bad- 
u 5 


ger's skin, and the length and coarseness of its hair, 
are an excellent defence against the bites of the dogs : 
its skin is so loose as to resist the impression of their 
teeth, and gives the animal an opportunity of turning 
itself round, and" wounding its adversaries in their ten- 
derest parts. In this manner this singular creature is 
able to resist repeated attacks both of men and dogs, 
from all quarters; till, being overpowered with num- 
bers, and enfeebled by many desperate wounds, it is 
at last obliged to yield. 

In hunting the badger, you must seek the earths and 
burrows where he lies; and, in a clear moonshine- 
night, go and stop all the burrows except one or two, 
and therein place some sacks, fastened with drawing 
strings, which may shut him in as soon as he strains 
the bag. Some only place a hoop in the mouth of the 
sack, and so put it into the hole; and as soon as the 
badger is in the sack, and strains it, the sack slips from 
the hoop, and secures him in it, where he lies trem- 
bling till he is taken from his prison. 

The sacks, or bags, being thus set, cast off the 
bounds, beating about all the woods, hedges, and tufts 
round about for the compass of a mile or two ; and 
what badgers are abroad, being alarmed by the hounds, 
will soon betake themselves to their burrows. Observe, 
that the person who is placed to watch the sacks, must 
stand close, and upon a clear wind ; otherwise the 
badger will discover him, and immediately fly some 
other way into his burrow. 

But if the dogs can encounter him before he can 
lake his sanctuary, he will then stand at a bay like a 
boar, and make good sport, vigorously biting and 
clawing the dogs. In general, when they fight, they 


lay on their backs, using both teeth and nails; and, 
by blowing up their skins, defend themselves against 
the bites of the dogs, and the blows given by the men. 
When the badger rindi that the terriers yearn* him in 
his burrow, he will stop the hole betwixt him and the 
terriers; and, if they still continue baying, he will 
remove his couch into another chaml er or part of the 
burrow, and so from one to another, barricading the way 
before them, as he retreats, till he can go no farther. 

If you intend to dig the badger out of his burrow, 
you must be provided with such tools as are used for 
digging out a fox : you should also have a pail of wa- 
ter ready to refresh the terriers when they come out of 
the earth to take breath and cool themselves. 

it is no unusual thing to put some small bells about 
the necks of the terriers, which making a noise, will 
cause the badger to bolt out. 

In digging, the situation of the ground must' be ob- 
served and considered; or, instead of advancing the 
work, you probably may hinder it. 

In this order you may besiege them in their holds, 
or castles, and break their platforms, parapels and 
casemates ; and work to them with mines and coun- 
termines, till you have overcome them. 

We must do this animal the justice- to observe, that, 
though nature has furnished it with formidable wea- 
pons of offence, and has besides given it strength suf- 
ficient to use them with great effect, it is, notwith- 
standing, very harmless and inoffensive, and, unless 
attacked, employs them only for its support. 

The badger is an indolent animal, and sleeps much : 

* To yearn, is to bark as beagles do at their prejr. 
v 6 


it confines itself to its bole during the whole day, and 
feeds only in the night. H* is so cleanly as never to 
defile its habitation with its ordure. Immediately be- 
low the tail, between that and the anus, there is a 
narrow transverse orifice, from whence a white sub- 
stance, of a very foetid smell, constantly exudes. The 
skin,, when dressed with the hair on, is used for pistol 
furniture, lis flesh is eaten: the hind quarters are 
sometimes made into hams, which, when cured, are 
not inferior in goodness to the best bacon. The hairs 
are made into brushes, which are used by painters to 
soften and harmonize their shades. 

In walking, the badger treads on its whole heel, 
like the bear, which brings its belly very near the 


Much fam'd is the Arabian breed, but best 
The horse whom sportsmen prize above the rest; 
ISuch he, wbo->e shape with these periections crown'd, 
Lightly he shiits his limbs, with speed he scours the ground. 
Something above his head his neck should rise, 
With looks erect, full fifteen hands in size ; 
His chop should to his neck below incUne, 
And his full front with sprightly vigour shine; 
Let waving locks adown his foretop fly, 
And brills embrown'd should edge his broad bright eye ; 
Wide nostrils, ample mouth, and little ears ; 
Arch'd be his neck, and fledg'd with floating hairs, 
Like, a plum'd helmet, when it nods its crest, 
Broad and capacious be his stately chest; 
Let his strong back be furrow'd with his chine, 
His tail branch out in a long bushy line ; 
Clean be his thighs, and sin'wy, but below 
Strait, long., and spare, his weli-tum'd shanks ihould shew , 


Lean be his legs, and nimble as the stag's, 
With whom in speed, the fleeting tempest flags; 
Firm let him tread, and just, and move along 
Upon a well-grown hoof, compact and strong; 
Proud of the sport, with too much fire to yield ; — ■ 
Such be the horse to bear me to the field ! 


This veteran sportsman was born of humble, yet 
wfcjl-disposed parents, in Essex, in the year 1734-. At 
an early period he shewed a very great attachment to 
dogs and horses, and, as he advanced in life, his inch" 
nations were bent towards hunting, which, as it re- 
ceived no material check from his parents, grew upon 
him to such a degree that he resolved to leave every 
other mode of obtaining a livelihood, and give himself 
up totally to dogs and horses; and accordingly, about 
the age of eighteen, entered into service in the capacity 
of groom, where he gained some knowledge of horses ; 
but he had not yet obtained the object of his desires ; 
he was much fonder of dogs than horses, and his great- 
est delight was in the study of the different species of 
the canine race, the best manner of breeding them, the 
various distempers they were subject to, and the best 
and most effectual means of restoring them to health j 
such, in youth, were his favourite pursuits. 

It is not necessary to enumerate the several persons* 
names with whom Richard Fairbrother lived, before he 
arrived at an age sufficiently mature to take upon him- 
self the management of a pack of hounds, which were 
not numerous. His good behaviour was such, that it 
was no easy matter to be displeased with him ; and if 
at any time he did offend, he always endeavoured to 


the utmost of his power, to make up for it by his future 
attention and obedience. 

His relations being in indigent circumstances, it was 
not possible, or even to be expected, that he should 
receive any extraordinary education; but, notwith- 
standing such disadvantages, there was a something in 
his behaviour far above the lower order of people, and 
which was much improved after he became a hunts- 
man, on account of his frequently conversing with gen- 
tlemen who took that diversion. 

After having gone through, with a cheerful mind, 
the different stages, which were only preparatory to his* 
greatest ambition, and having with much application 
gained a sufficient knowledge of dogs and horses to qua- 
lify him for the employ he so much wished, he at length- 
entered into the service of a gentleman, in the quality 
of huntsman, where his talents in that line soon became- 
conspicuous, and confirmed in his choice of the situa- 
tion, which his inclination led him to prefer. We 
must here again beg leave to pass over the names of 
those with whom he first lived in that capacity, that 
we may make mention of that more celebrated part of 

his life, which he spent in the service of Russel, 

Esq. in Essex, the fame of whose fox-hounds every 
sportsman must recollect, and which the subject of 
this article bunted in such a manner, as rendered his 
name famous throughout that part of the country, and 
gained him the esteem of his master, which he enjoyed 
many years. Leaving that place, he then went into 
the service of Harding Newman, Esq. of Navestock,. 
in Essex, whose foxhounds were likewise looked upon 
as equal to any in the kingdom. In this gentleman's- 
service he roue a horse, at that time well known to the 


sportsmen by the name of Jolly Roger, which carried 
him through several of the severest chases ever known 
in this kingdom ; and by his extraordinary feats in the 
chase, united to superior talents, he gained the admi- 
ration of every one. Here should be noticed a very 
long chase which happened during the time he was in 
JMr. Newman's service. On the 2d of Deceinber, 
1793, they found a fox at Bromfield Hall Wood, near 
Chelmsford, and after a chase of more than twenty- 
six miles, without the least check, ran into him, as he 
was attempting to get into Lord Maynard's garden, at 
Dunmow; and it is worth remarking, that the hounds 
pursued the fox through several herds of deer, and an 
amazing quantity of hares, with a steadiness not to be 
surpassed by any of the crack packs which hunt that 
country. It is to be regretted that other instances si- 
milar to this cannot be given (which are sufficiently 
numerous), for want of an accurate description of 
places. Richard lived in this place several years ; at 
length finding himself advancing in age, and in a man- 
ner surrounded by a large family, which looked up to 
him for its chief support, he began to entertain thoughts 
of quitting the fox-hounds entirely, and entering into 
some other station of life, which did not require so 
much exertion, and which would be attended with less 
danger ; not through a fear of death, but in considera- 
tion of the injury his family might sustain by his loss. 
He might have had employment as a gamekeeper, 
but an opportunity offering, he preferred hunting a 
pack of harriers, to that of shooting; and accordingly 
engaged himself with a gentleman, about three miles 
from Romford, in Essex, where he spent the remainder 
of his life, in a manner much to his own comfo.t and 


satisfaction. In this place he enjoyed himself not 
quite four years, during which period he lived in a cot- 
tage, at a little distance from his master's house, with 
his wife and children, leading in his old age a peaceable 
life, like one retired from, and wearied with, the va- 
rious scenes and vicissitudes of humau affairs. 

He constantly, daring the season, hunted the hounds 
of the gentleman alluded to, three times a week, and 
was never known, during that period, to conduct him- 
self with the least impropriety ; on the contrary, it was 
observed by most people, that he behaved much better 
than the generality of those in his station did. We will 
not pretend to &ay, that he was entirely tree from 
faults, but they were so trifling, that his other good 
qualities totally counterbalanced them. His tender 
regard for his family, and the care he took of it, are 
very much to be commended, which, though large, be 
contrived at all times to keep decent, and from want; 
and, much to his credit, he never suffered his chil- 
dren to use such conversation, or mix with such com- 
panions, as might tend to corrupt their morals As 
soon as they were able to obtain any thing towards 
their own maintenance, he found means to get them 

The care also he took of both dogs and horses, is 
very much to his credit, and merit the warmest com- 

He was a tall man, but by no means lusty. He com- 
plained of being unwell during the summer, and after -a 
few days of very severe illness, he expired on Satur- 
day morning, toe 8th of September, I7 *>, in the six- 
ty-fourth year of his age; and was buried on the 
Thursday following at Chigwell, very much regretted, 


not only by the gentlemen of the chase, but by every- 
one who knew him 


In a very elegant edition of Somerville's Chase, re* 
Gently published, with notes by Major Topham, we 
have the following interesting specimen of fox-hunting 
in former days : — 

it is curious (says the major) because it contains 
the portraiture of a man who was the Nimrod of his 
day, and was really a fox-hunter; for he dedicated 
the whole of a long life to it. The character is that of 
Old Draper, of Yorkshire, and the account is taken 
from anecdotes delivered down to us by his relatives. 

In the old, but now ruinous mansion of Berwick- 
Hall, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, lived once the 
well-known William Draper, Esq. who bred, fed, and 
hunted the stanchest pack of fox-hounds in Europe. 
On an income of seven hundred pounds a year, and no 
more, he brought up frugally and creditably, eleven 
sons and daughters : kept a stable of right good Eng- 
lish hunters, a kennel of true-bred fox-hounds, be- 
sides a carriage with horses suitable, to carry out my 
lady and the daughters to church, and other places of 
goodly resort. He lived in the old honest s \ le of his 
county, killing every month a good ox, of his own 
feeding, and priding himself on maintaining a goodly 
substantial table : but with no foreign kicksh rws. His 
general apparel was a long dark drab hunting coal, a 
belt round his waist, and a strong velvet tap on his 
bead. In his humour he was very joking and facetious, 
having always some pleasant story, both in the field 


and in the hall; so that his company was much sought 
after by persons of good condition; which was of great 
use to him in afterwards advancing his own children. 
His stables and kennels were kept in such excellent 
order, that sportsmen regarded them as schools for 
huntsmen and grooms, who were glad to come there 
without wages, merely to learn their business. When 
they had got good instruction, he then recommended 
them to other gentlemen, who wished for no better 
character than that they were recommended by Esquire 
Draper. He was always up, during the hunting sea- 
son, at four in the morning, and mounted on one of 
his goodly nags at five o'clock, hirrlself bringing forth 
his hounds, who knew every note of their old master'* 
voice. In the field he rode with good judgment, avoid- 
ing what was unnecessary, and helping his hounds when 
they were at fault. His daughter Di, who was equally 
famous at riding, was wont to assist him, cheering the 
hounds with her voice. She died at York in a good 
old age; and, what was wonderful to many sportsmen^ 
who dared not to follow her, she died with whole 
bones in her bed. 

After the fatigues of the day, whence he generally- 
brought away a couple of brushes, he entertained those 
who would return with him, which was sometimes 
thirty miles distance, with old English hospitality. 
Good eld October, home-brewed, was the liquor 
drank; and his first fox-hunting toast, — " All the 
Brushes in Christendom!" At the age of eighty years 
this famous squire died as he lived : for he died on 
horseback. As he was going to give some instruc- 
tions to a gentleman who was rearing up a pack of fox- 
hounds, he was seized with a fit, and dropping frora 


his old favourite poney, he expired ! There was no 
man, rich or poor, in his neighbourhood, but what 
lamented his death ; and the foxes were the only things 
that had occassion to be glad that Squire Draper was no 
more /'* 


While thus the knight's Iongsmother'd fire broke forth, 

The rousing musicke of the horn he hears, 
Shrill echoing through the wold, and by the north, 

Where bends the hill the sounding chase appears; 

The hounds with glorious peal salute his ears. 
And woode and dale rebound the swelling lay ; 

The youths on coursers, fleet as fallow deers, 
Pour through the downs, while, foremost of the fray, 
Away ! the jolly huntsman cries ; and echoe sounds, Away f 

Now had the beagles scour'd the bushy ground, 

Till where a brooke strays hoilow through the bent, 

When all confus'd, and snuffing w^ldlie round, 
In vain their fretful haste explor'd the scent : 
But Reynard's cunning all in vain was spent, 

The huntsman from his stand his arts had spy'd, 
Had markt his doublings, and his shrewd intent, 

How both the bancks he traced, then backward pky'd ; 

His track some twentie roods, he bounding sprong aside, 

Eke had he markt where to the broome he crept, 
Where, hearkening every sound, an hare was laid ; 

Then from the thickest bush he slylie lept, 
And wary scuds along the hawthorne shade, 
Till by the hill's slant foot he earths his head 

Amid a briarie thicket : emblem meet 
Of wylie statesman of his foes adred ; 

He oft misguides the people's rage, I weer, 

On others, whilst himselfe winds off with slie deceit. 


The cunning huntsman now cheers on his pack, 

The lurking hare is in an instant slain : 
Then opening loud, the beagles scent the track, 

Right to the hill, while thond'ring through the plain ; 

With blyth huzzas advaunce the jovial train, 
And now the groomes and squires, cowherds, and boys, 

Beat round and round the brake ; but all in vain 
Their poles they ply, and vain their oathes and noise, 
Till plonging in his den the terrier fiercely joys. 

Expell'd his hole, upstarts to open sky 

The villain bold, and wildly glares around. 
Now here, now there, he bendi his knees to fly : 

As oft recoils to guard from backward wound ; 

His frothie jaws he grinds — with hot rid sound 
The pack attonce* rush on him : foaming ire. 

Fierce at his throte and sides hangs many a hound ; 
His burning eyes flash wylde red sparkling fire, 
While sweltring on the swaird his breath *uid fctrengih eapirSr 


The death of this gentleman was occasioned by a 
cold caught at the Round-House of St. James's, when 
he and many others were carried there, by Justice 
Hyde, from the gaming-table. 

In the first company he obtained, George Robert Fitz- 
gerald was his lieutenant. As soon as he got the pank of 
major, he retired upon half-pay, and devoting himself to 
deep play ever after, be pursued it with an eagerness and 
perseverance beyond example. When he was so ill that 
he could not get out of his chair, he has been brought 
to the hazard-table, when the rattling of the dice 
seemed suddenly to revive him. He once won J 7,001)1. 

* At once* together. 


at hazard, by throning o/?, as it is called, fourteen suc- 
cessive mains. He went to the East indies in I7&0, 
on a gaining speculation ; but nut finding it answer, 
he returned home over laud. At Grand Cairo he nar- 
rowly escaped death, by retreating in a Turkish dress 
to Smyrna. A companion of his was seized, and sent 
prisoner to Constantinople, where he was at length 
released by the interference of Sir Robert Anstie, the 
English ambassador. He won 60001. of Mr. O— , 
some years ago, at Spa, and immediately came to 

England to get the money from Lord , the father 

of the young man. Terms of accommodation were 
proposed by his lordship, in the presence of Mr. 
D , the banker, whose respectability and conse- 
quence are well known. Lord O offered him a 

thousand guineas, and a note of hand for the remain- 
der, at a distant period. Baggs wanted the whole to 

be paid down. Some altercation ensued. Mr. D 

then observed, that he thought his lordship had of- 
fered very handsome terms. " Sirrah, (said Baggs, 
in a passion) hold your tongue ; the laws of commerce 
you may be acquainted with, but the laws of honour 
you know nothing about." When he fought Fitzge- 
rald he was wounded in the leg, and fell, but when 
down returned the fire, winch struck the knee of his 
antagonist, and made him lame ever after. He never 
could hear of Fitzgerald's unhappy fate without visible 
delight, and " grinning horribly a ghastly smile." He 
is supposed to have utterly ruined by play forty per- 
sons. At on< time of life he wa=> worth more than 
10 V'Oi 1. He fought eleven duels; and was al- 
lowed to be very skilful with the sword. He was a 
man of a determined mind, great penetration, and 


considerable literature: and, when play was out of the> 
case, could be an agreeable and instructive companion. 
He was very generous to people whom he liked ; and 
a certain naval lord, highly respected, when in rather 
a distressed situation at Paris, some years ago, found 
a never- failing resource in the purse of the major. He 
lived at Paris several years, in the greatest splendour. 
His countenance was terrible, though his appearance 
and manners were gentleman-like. While be lived at 
Avignon, he frequently gave splendid suppers to the 
Duke and Duchess of Cumberland, and their friends. 
He went to Naples at the time they did, and got in- 
troduced to the king's private parties, of whom he is 
said to have won 15001. 


In J789, when preparations were making at St. 
Paul's for the reception of his Majesty, a favourite 
bilch followed its master up the dark stairs of the dome, 
here, all at once, it was missing, and calling and 
whistling was to no purpose. Nine weeks after this, 
all but two days, some glaziers were at work in the 
cathedral, and heard amongst the timbers which sup- 
port the dome a faint noise ; thinking it might be some 
unfortunate being, they tied a rope round a boy, and 
let him down near to the place whence the sound came. 
At the bottom he found a dog lying on its side, the 
skeleton of another dog, and an old shoe half eaten. 
The humanity of the boy led him to rescue the animal 
from its miserable situation, and it was accordingly 
drawn up. Much emaciated, and scarce able to 
stand, the workmen placed it in the porch of the church, 


to die, or live, as might happen. This was about ten 
o'clock in the morning ; some time after, the dog was 
seen endeavouring to cross the street at the top of Lud - 
gate-hill, but its weakness was so great, that, unsup* 
ported by a wall, he could not accomplish it. The ap- 
pearance of the dog again excited the compassion of a 
boy, who carried it over. By the aid of the houses he 
was enabled to get to Fleet-market, and over two or 
three narrow crossings in its way to Holbom-bridge, 
and about eight o'clock in the evening it reached its 
master's house in Red Lion-street, Holborn, and laid 
itself down on the steps, having been ten hours in its 
journey from St. Paul's to that place. The dog was so 
much altered, the eyes being sunk in the head as to be 
scarce discernible, that the master would not encou- 
rage his old faithful companion, who, when lost, was 
supposed to weigh twenty pounds, and now only weigh- 
ed three pounds fourteen ounces ; the first indication 
it gave of knowing its master, was by wagging its tail 
when he mentioned the name Phillis ; for a long time 
it was unable to eat or drink, and it was kept alive by 
the sustenance it received from its mistress, who used 
to (e^d it with a tea-spoon ; at length it recovered. 
Should it be asked, how did this animal live near nine 
weeks without food ? This was not the case. She was 
-in whelp when lost, and doubtless eat her offspring; 
the remains of another dog, killed by a similar fail, 
was likewise found, that most probably was converted 
by the survivor to the most urgent of all natural pur- 
poses ; and when this treat was done, the shoe suc- 
ceeded, which was almost half devoured. What fa- 
mine and a thousand accidents could not do, was ef- 
fected a short time after by the wheels of a coach, 


which unfortunately went over her, and ended the 
mortal days of poor Phillis. 


• Of dogs that have supported themselves in a wild 
state, to the great loss and annoyance of the farmer, 
there are two instances worthy of notice, from the cun- 
ning with which both these dogs frustrated, for a 
length of time, every secret and open attack. In De- 
cember 1784, a dog was left by a smuggling vessel 
near Boomer, on the coast of Northumberland. Find- 
ing himself deserted, he began to worry sheep, and 
did so much damage, that he was the terror of the 
country, within the circuit of above twenty miles. It 
is asserted, that when he caught a sheep, he bit a hole 
in its right side, and alter eating the fat about the kid- 
neys, left it. Several of them, thus lacerated, were 
found alive by the shepherds ; and being properly 
taken care of, some of them recovered, and after- 
ward had lambs. From this delicacy of his feeding, 
the destruction may, in some measure be conceived, 
as the fat of one sheep in a day would scarcely satisfy 
his hunger. Various were the means used to destroy 
him: frequently was he pursued with hounds, grey- 
hounds, &c. but when the dogs came up with him, he 
laid down on his back, as if supplicating for mercy, 
and in that position they never hurt him; he therefore 
laid quietly, taking his rest, 'till the hunters approach- 
ed, when he made off without being followed by the 
hounds, 'till they were again excited to the pursuit, 
which always terminated unsuccessfully. He was one 
day pursued from Howick to upwards of thirty miles 


distance, but returned thither and killed sheep the 
same evening. His constant residence was upon a 
rock, on the Heugh Hill, near Howick, where he had 
a view of four roads that approached it, and there, in 
March 1785, after many fruitless attempts, he was at 
last shot. 

Another wild dog, which had committed similar de- 
vastation among the sheep, near Wooler, in the same 
county (Northumberland), was, on the (5th of June, 
1799, advertised to be hunted on the Wednesday fol- 
lowing, by three packs of hounds, which were to meet 
at different places; the aid of men and fire-arms was 
also requested, with a reward promised of twenty 
guineas to the person killing him. This dog was de- 
scribed by those who had seen him at a distance, as a 
large greyhound, with some white in his face, neck and 
one fore-leg white, rather grey on the back, and the 
rest of a jet black: — an immense concourse of people 
assembled at the time appointed, but the chase was 
«nprosperous ; for he eluded his pursuers among the 
Cheviot Hills, and, what is singular, returned that 
same night to the place from whence he had been 
hunted in the morning, and worried an ewe and her 
lamb. During the whole summer he continued to de- 
stroy the sheep, but changed his quarters, for he in- 
fested the Fells sixteen miles south of Carlisle, where 
upwards of sixty sheep fell victims to his ferocity. In 
September, hounds and fire-arms were again employed 
against him, and after a run from Carrock Fell, which 
was computed to be thirty miles, he was shot whilst 
the hounds were in pursuit, by .Mr. Sewel, of Wed- 
lock, who laid in ambush at Moss Dale. During the 
chase, which occupied six hours, he frequently turned 


upon the headmost hounds, and wounded several s* 
badly as to disable them. Upon examination, he ap- 
peared to be of the Newfoundland breed, of a com- 
mon size, wire-haired, and extremely lean. This de- 
scription does not tally with the dog so injurious to 
the farmers in Northumberland, although from cir- 
cumstances, there is little doubt but it was the same 


Mr. Archer, a gentleman of about ten thousand 
pounds per annum, chiefly landed property in Berkshire, 
and partly in Essex, died a few years ago, and left a 
very large fortune, great part of which he gave to his 
wife, but the bulk went to his daughters by a former 
marriage. Besides his house in Berkshire, he had a fine 
mansion on his beautiful estate of Coopersale, near 
Epping, in Esbex. But this house had been deserted 
for twenty years or more, no one being allowed to re- 
side in it. On the death of Mr. Archer, it fell to the lot 
of one of his daughters, who sent a surveyor to examine 
the house. His report was curious. Neither the 
gates of the court-yard, nor the doors of the mansion- 
bouse, had been opened for the period of eighteen 
years. The latter, by order, were covered with plates 
of iron. The court-yard was crowded with thistles, 
docks, and weeds ; and the inner hall with cobwebs. 
The rooks and jackdaws had built their nests in the 
chimnies, and the solemn bird of night had taken pos- 
session of the principal drawing-room. Several of the 
rooms had not been opened for thirty years. The 


pigeons, had, for the space of twenty-five years, built 
their nests in the library (which contained some thou- 
sand books), having made a lodgment through the 
means of an aperture in one of the casements. Here 
they had, itis supposed, remained undisturbed for the 
space above-mentioned of several loads of dung were 
found in the apartment. A celebrated naturalist, who 
was present at the opening of the house, declared he 
never saw cobwebs so beautiful before, or of such an 
amazing size. They extended the whole length of 
one room, from the ceiling to the ground. The wines, 
ale, and rum, of each of which there were large quan- 
tities, had not been touched for twenty years; they 
were found in fine order, particulaily the port wine. 
The bailiff, the gardener, and his men, were expressly 
ordered by their late master not to remove even a 
weed from the garden or grounds. The fish-ponds were 
untouched for many years. A gentleman having per- 
mission to fish, caught several jacks, weighing four- 
teen and fifteen pounds each. All the neighbouring 
gentry visited the house and grounds, the ruinous 
condition of which formed a topic of general conver- 

The style in which Mr. Archer travelled once a 
year, when he visited his estates, resembled more the 
pompous pageantry of the ancient nobles of Spain, 
when , they went to take possession of a vice-royalty, 
than that of a plain country gentleman. The follow- 
ing was the order of the cavalcade: — 1st. The coach 
and six, with two postillions and coachman. Three 
ill-riders. Post-chaise and four post-horses. Phae- 
ton and four, followed by two grooms. A chaise-ma- 
nne with four horses, carrying the numerous services 
x 2 


of plate. This last was escorted by the under-butler, 
who had under his command three stout fellows; they 
formed a part of the household ; all were armed with 
blunderbusses. Next followed the hunters with their 
clothes on, of scarlet, trimmed with silver, attended by 
the stud-grooms and huntsman. Each horse had a 
fox's brush tied to the front of the bridle. The rear 
was brought up by the pack of hounds, the whipper-in, 
the hack horses, and the inferior stablemen. In the 
coach went the upper servants. In the chariot Mrs. 
Archer ; or, if she preferred a less confined view of the 
country, she accompanied Mr. Archer in the phaeton, 
who travelled in all weathers in that vehicle, wrapped 
vp in a swansdown coat. 


Those huntsmen who are so fond of unnecessarily 
getting blood and wasting foxes, would doubtless have 
been much gratified at the hunting match given by the 
Prince Esterhazy, Regent of Hungary, upon the sign- 
ing of a treaty of peace with France, a day's sport, 
that bids fair to vie in point of blood (if the King of 
Naples' slaughter be excepted) with any of those re- 
corded in modern history, as there were killed, lo'O 
deer, 100 wild boars, 300 hares, and 80 foxes. The 
king had a larger extent, and a longer period for the 
exercise of his talents, and it was proved that during 
iiis journey to Vienna, in Austria, Bohemia, and Mora- 
via, he killed 5 bears, 1820 boars, 1.96*0 deer, 1145 
does, 1625 roe-bucks, 13 21 rabbits, 13 wolves, 17 
badgers, 1 6,354 hares, and 354- foxes; the monarch 
tel likewise the pleasure of doing a little in the bird 



Way, by killing, upon the same expedition, 15,350 
pheasants, and 1*2,335 partridges t 


In point of Numbers, the exportation of fox-hound's 
from this country to France, was at one period very 
considerable. The compiler requested a friend, who 
had his regular establishment of fox-hounds in France, 
to inform him how far the chase of the wolf was 
successful, or likely to be so, when prosecuted by 
the vigour and speed of the English fox-hound, and 
his reply was to the following purport: — " You 
wish me to communicate my observations on wolf- 
hunting, which I shall most readily do, but must 
first apprise you, that neither with my own hounds, 
which I took with me to France in 177-i, nor with the 
hounds of the Count de Serrent, which were under my 
direction some years before, did I hunt the wolf by 
choice. The Count de Serrent's pack consisted of 
about thirty couple of French hounds, larger than the 
English stag-hound, fifteen couple of them were kept 
for stag-hunting only, and with the remainder they 
hunted the wild boar and the wolf. The first time £ 
ever met Serrent's hounds was at a wolf-hunt, where 
a bitch wolf had littered in some woods of the count's 
not far distant from the forest; the woods were nearly 
surrounded by the officers of the carabiniers, eaeh 
person with a double-barrelled gun, s-ome with small 
bayonets fixed, and all were loaded with ball. As 
soon as each sportsman had taken his station, the 
huntsman and hounds entered the wood, they found 
immediately, the hounds divided, and I (who was un- 
armed) tally'd the old bitch wolf, who went off for the 
x 3 


forest in the most gallant style. My English halloo 
amused some of the French, but enraged others, who 
declared that if the huntsman had not fortunately 
stopt the hounds, they would have gone off with the old 
wolf, and this indeed was my intention. The stopped 
hounds were clapped back to th ;se running the cubs 
in thecover, and which were said to be about three or 
four months old ; they were taller than a fox, and 
shewed, by the looseness of their make, and the vast 
s : ze of their bone ; in their then infant state, what they 
would be when arrived at their full growth; that, 
however, was forbid, for all but one were shot that day, 
and the remaining one was killed the day following by 
one of the count's ktepers. These cubs, whilst hunted, 
never quitted the covers, nor was it supposed they had 
ever been out of them ; for the forest, towards which 
the old wolf pointed, was between four or five leagues 
di&tance from the woods where she littered, I often 
hunted the wolf afterwards, and the result was, thai the 
wolf was either shot when quitting the cover in which 
he was found, or by some keeper-or person who acci- 
dentally saw him in his route, or he escaped by going 
off at one steady pace, until he left hounds, horses, and 
men, totally beat, and who were generally relieved by 
the hospitality of some .cure, and enabled to return 
home the next da). It is asserted, that the wolf, 
whose pace seems for the most part to be regulated by 
that of his pursuers, will stop when no longer pursued, 
and the Lcunds may attack him again the "next morn- 
ing; perhaps so, but will not the wolf be equally re- 
freshed by his night's repose as the houncis? Admit- 
ting that the wolf does stop, he ^ives his enemies a 
fresh chance, because formerly there was scarce a pa- 


rish in France that had not one or more gamekeepers. 
The huntsman who hunted the wolf, related where he 
gave him up, how much he appeared fatigued, and 
which way he pointed to the keepers when his chase 
ended; they possibly guessed where the wolf rested 
that night, and by properly placing all the assistants 
they could collect, got a shot at him when he broke 
cover, in the same manner as he had been fired at the 
preceding day. Upon remarking this risk of being shot, 
whicli the wolf had to escape, to a French gentleman, 
he assured me that a friend of his, who kept hounds 
for the wolf only, nevei fired on the wolf until (unable 
to run any further) he turned upon the dogs, and this 
generally took place about the fourth or fifth day. 
This sounds strange hunting to us English fox-hunters, 
but I declare to you thatl am not prepared to deny the 


The description of this animal, and the mode of 
destroying it, are mentioned on account of its being so 
inveterate a foe to the fisherman's amusement; for the 
otter is as destructive in a pond, as a polecat in a hen- 
house ; this animal seems to link the chain of grada- 
tion, between terrestial and aquatic creatures, resem- 
bling the former in its shape, and the latter, in being 
able to remain for a considerable space of time under- 
water, and in being furnished with membranes like Jins 
between the toes, which enable it to swim with such 
rapidity, as to overtake fis>h in their own element; the 
otter, however, properly speaking, is not amphibious, 
be is not formed for continuing in the water, since, like 
x 4 


other terrestrial creatures, he requires the aid of re* 
spiration; for if, in pursuit of his prey, he accidentally 
gets entangled in a net, and has not time to cut with 
his teeth the sufficient number of meshes to effectuate 
his escape, he is drowned. The usual length of the ot- 
ter, from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail, is 
twenty-three inches ; of the tail itself (which is broad 
at the insertion and tapers to a point) sixteen ; the 
weight of the male from eighteen to twenty-six, of the 
female from thirteen to twenty-two pounds; one in 
October 1754, was snared in the river Lea, between 
Ware and Hertford, which weighed upwards of forty 
pounds. The head and nose are broad and flat, the 
eyes are brilliant, although small, are nearer the nose 
than is usual in quadrupeds, and placed in such a man- 
ner, as to discern every object that is above, which 
gives the otter a singular aspect, not unlike the eel ; 
but this property of seeing what is above, gives it a 
particular advantage when lurking at the bottom for 
its prey, as the fish cannot discern any object vnder 
them, and the otter seizing them from beneath, by the 
belly, readily takes any number with little exertion; 
the ears are extremely short, and their orifice narrow ; 
the opening of the mouth is small, the lips are capable 
of being brought very close together, somewhat resem- 
bling the mouth of a fish, are very muscular, and de- 
signed to close the mouth firmly, while in the action 
of diving, and the nose and corners of the mouth are 
furnished with very long whiskers; it has thirty-six 
teeth, six cutting and two canine above and below, of 
the former, the middlemost are the least, it has besides 
five grinders on each side in both jaws. The legs are 
\ery short, but remarkably broad and muscular, the 



joints articulated so loosely, that the otter can turn 
them quite back, and bring them on a line with its 
body, and use them as fins ; each foot has five toes, 
connected by strong webs like those of a water-fowl ; 
thus nature, in every particular, has attended to the 
way of life allotted to an animal, whose food is fish, 
and whose haunts must necessarily be about waters. 
The otter has no heel, but a round ball under the sole 
of the foot, by which its track in the mud is easily dis- 
tinguished, and is termed the Seal. The general shape 
of the otter is somewhat similar to that of an over- 
grown weasel, being long and slender; its colour is en- 
tirely a deep brown, except two small spots of white on 
each side the nose, and one under the chin ; the skin 
is valuable, if killed in the winter, and makes gloves 
more durable, and which at the same time will retain, 
their pliancy and softness, after being repeatedly wet- 
ted, beyond any other leather. 

The otter shews great sagacity in forming its abode 
burrowing underground on the banks of some river or 
lake ; and always making the entrance of its hole under 
water, working upwards to the surface of the earth r 
and forming several holts, or lodges, that, in case of 
high floods, it may have a retreat (for no animal is 
more careful to repose in a dry place), and there 
making a minute orifice for the admission of air ; and 
even this aperture, for greater concealment, is fre- 
quently made in the middle of some thick bush. The 
otter is very cleanly, depositing its excrements, or 
spraints, in only one place; upon the least alarm it flies 
to the water, where by its rapidity in swimming, it fre- 
quently escapes from its pursuers. 

The otter destroys large quantities of fish, for he will 
x 5 


eat none, unless it be perfectly fresh, and what be 
takes himself; by his mode of eating theni, lie causes 
a still -greater consumption. So soon as the otter 
catches a fish, he drags it on shore, devours it to the 
tent, but, unless pressed by extreme hunger, always 
leaves the remainder, and takes to the water in quest 
of more. In rivers it is always observed to swim 
against the stream, to meet its prey; it has been as- 
serted, that two otters will hunt in concert, that active 
fish the salmon; one stations itself above, the other 
below where the fish lies, and being thus chased inces- 
santly, the wearied salmon becomes their victim. To 
suppose the otter never uses the sea, is a mistake, for 
fliey often have been seen in it, both swimming and 
seeking for their booty in it, and which, in the Orknies, 
has been observed to be cod and conger. 

In very hard weather, when its natural sort of food 
fails, the otter will kill lambs, sucking pigs, and poul- 
try, and one was caught in a warren, where he had 
come to prey on the rabbits. In the year 1793, as 
two gentlemen were shooting at Pilton, in Devonshire, 
the pointer stood at some brakes, from. whence burst a 
large otter, the dog seized, but being severely bitten, 
was soon obliged to quit his hold; after driving him 
about for some time in a turnip field, they killed him 
by blows upon the head, and this otter was at a dis- 
tance of at lea&t five miles from any river or pond, that 
could supply him with fish, and it is to be presumed, 
he meant to prey upon some land animal, as he had 
prowled so far from the place where his natural food 
could be procured. 

The otter's flesh is extremely rank and fishy ; the 
Romish church allows its use on maigre days. In the 


kitchen of the Carthusian convent, near Dijon, Mr. 
Pennant reports that he saw one preparing for the din- 
ner of the religieuse, of that rigid order, who, by their 
rules, are prohibited, during their whole lives, the eat- 
ing of flesh. 

The otter brings four or five young at a time, about 
the month of June; as it frequents ponds near gentle- 
men's houses, litters have been found in cellars, sinks, 
and other drains. The cubs have been known to have 
been suckled and brought up by a bitch; near South 
Molton, in Devonshire, -this happened, and the young 
otter follows his master with the dogs, but seemed to 
have no inclination for the water. The young of ani- 
mals are generally beautiful, but the young otter is not 
so handsome as the old. 

There are many instances of otters being tamed 
when taken young, and becoming so domesticated as 
to follow their master, answer to a name, and employ 
their talent in fishing for him: in this state, when fish 
cannot be had, milk, and pudding made of oatmeal, 
have been substituted for their food. 

William Collis, of Kemmerston, near Wooler, in 
Northumberland, had a tame otter, which always at- 
tended him, would fish in the river, and when satiated 
return to him. In Collis's absence, his son took the 
otter out to fish, but it refused to come ai the accus- 
tomed call, and was lost; the father, after several 
days search, being near the place where it was lost, 
and calling it by its name, it came creeping to his feet t 
and shewed many genuine marks of firm attachment. 
Its food (exclusive offish) consisted chiefly of milk and 
hasty pudding. 

James Campbell, near Inverness, had likewise a 
x 6 


tame otter, which was frequently employed in fishings 
and would take eight or ten salmon in a day. If not 
prevented, it always attempted to break the salmoa 
behind the fin next the tail; when one was taken from 
.it, it dived for more ; and when tired, and satisfied 
with eating the share of the prize alloted it, it curled 
itself round and fell asleep, in which state it was ge* 
iierally carried home. This otter fished as well in the 
sea as in a river, and took great numbers of codlings 
and other fish. The food besides fish was milk. 

Mr. Edwards,, likewise, of Little Waltham Hall, 
Essex, had an otter which always attended him like a 
dog, and every afternoon, when the old gentleman 
slept, the otter regularly stationed itself in his lap ; it 
used to get fish from the ponds in the gardens and 
grounds near the house: it had milk also given it, and; 
was at last accidentally killed, by a maid-servant 
striking it with a broom handle upon the nose,, where a 
small blow is fatal. 

But the most curious instance of the otter's being 
tamed, is that where a person suffered it to follow him 
with his dogs with which he used to hunt other otters,, 
and it was remarkable, that so far were the dogs from 
molesting it, that they would not even hunt an otter 
while it remained. with them; upon this account, al- 
though the otter was useful in fishing, and in driving 
the trouts, and other fish, towards the nets, the owner 
was obliged to dispose of it. The late Mr. Selby had 
a fox, that used to go with his fox hounds, but it had 
not the effect of preventing the dogs from doing their 
business in the field, for his hounds were eminently 

The manner of rearing otters to become domestic?. 


as quoted by Goldsmith, was " to procure them as 
young as possible, and to carefully feed them at first 
with small fish and watery as they gained strength, they 
had milk mixed with their food, the quantity of their 
fish provision was lessened, and that of vegetables 
and bread increased, until at length they were fed 
wholly upon bread, which perfectly agrees with their 
constitution. The mode of training them to hunt for 
fish, required not only assiduity, but patience. They 
were first taught to fetch, as dogs are instructed; but 
not possessing the same docility, it required more art 
and experience to teach them. It was usually per- 
formed by accustoming them to take a truss, made of 
leather, and stuffed with wool in the shape of a fish, 
into their mouth, and to drop it when commanded ; to 
run after it when thrown forward, and to bring it to 
their master. From this they proceeded to real fish, 
which were thrown dead into the water, and which 
they were taught to fetch to shore. From the dead 
they proceeded to the living, and at last the animal is 
perfectly instructed in the art of fishing, and readily 
obeys his master. Tedious as the process is, the la- 
bour is amply repaid, as few creatures are more bene- 
ficial; an otter, thus taught, will catch fish enough to 
sustain not only itself, but a whole family." 

In Scotland the vulgar have an opinion, that the 
otter has its king,, or leader ; they describe it as being 
of a larger size, and varied with white ; they believe it 
is never killed, without the sudden death of a man, 
or some other animal, at the same instant; that its 
skin is endowed with great virtues: is an antidote 
against all infection j a preservative to the warrior 


from wounds, and ensures the mariner from all disas- 
ters upon the seas. 

The hunting of the -otter was formerly considered as 
excellent sport, and hounds were kept solely for that 
purpose ; the sportsmen went on each side the river, 
beating the banks and sedges with the dogs ; if there 
was otter in that quarter, his seal was soon traced upon 
the mud, as the water, wherever it would admit of it, 
(according to the mode now pursued) was lowered as 
much as possible, to expose the hollow banks, reed 
beds, and stubs, that might otherwise shelter him ; 
each hunter had a spear to attack the otter when he 
vented, or came to the surface of the water to breathe. 
If an otter was not soon found by the river side, it was 
imagined that he had gone to couch more inland, and 
was sought for accordingly ; (for sometimes they will 
feed a considerable way from their place of rest, 
choosing rather to go up than down the stream). If 
the hounds found an otter, the sportsmen viewed his 
track in the mud, to find which way he had taken. 
The spears were used in aid of the dogs. When an 
otter is wounded he makes directly to land, where he 
maintains an obstinate defence; he bites severely, and 
does not readily quit his hold; when he seizes the 
dogs in the water, he always dives with, and carries 
them far below the surface; an old otter will never 
give up whilst he has life, and it is observable, that 
the male otter never makes any complaint when seized 
by the dogs, or even transfixed with a spear; but the 
pregnant females emit a very shrill squeak. The chase 
of the otter has still, however, its stanch admirers, 
who are apparently as zealous in this pursuit as in any 
other. we read of. In 17i)6, near Bridgnorth, on the 


river Worse, four otters were killed : one stood three, 
another fonr hours, before the dogs, and was scarcely 
a minute out of sight. The hearts, &c. were eaten by 
many respectable people who attended the hunt, and 
allowed to be very delicious; the carcasses were also 
eaten by the men employed, and found to be excel- 
lent; what is a little extraordinary, the account does 
not state, that the partakers of this hard-earned fare 
were Carthusians. 


The hare has no enemy more fatal than the vceazel, 
which will follow and terrify it into a state of absolute 
imbecility, when it gives itself up without resistance, 
at the same time making piteous outcries. The weasel 
seizes its prey near the head, the bite is mortal, al- 
though the wound is so small, that the entrance of the 
teeth is scarcely perceptible; a hare, or rabbit, bit in 
this manner, is never known to recover, but lingers 
for some time, and dies. 

The common weasel is the least animal of this spe- 
cies, the disproportionate length and height of the 
little animals which compose this class, are their chief 
characteristic, and are alone sufficient to distinguish 
them from all other carniverous quadrupeds ; the length 
of the wolf in proportion to its height, is as one and a 
half to one; that of the weazel is nearly as four 
to one ; the weasel never exceeds seven inches in 
length, from the nose to the tail, which is only two 
inches a half long, it ends in a point, and adds con- 
siderably to the apparent length of the body ; the 
height of the weasel is not above two inches and a half, 
so that it is almost four times as long as it is high ; the 
most, prevailing colour is a pale tawny brown, resem- 


bling cinnamon, on the back, sides, and legs; tbc 
throat and belly white ; beneath the corners of the 
mouth, on each jaw, is a spot of brown ; the eyes are 
small, round, and black ; the ears broad and large, 
and from a fold at the lower part, have the appear- 
ance of being double;, it has likewise whiskers like a 
cat, but has two more teeth than any of the cat kind, 
having thirty-two in number, and these well adapted 
for tearing and chewing its food. The motion of the 
weasel consists of unequal bounds, or leaps, and in 
climbing a tree it gains a height of some feet from the 
ground, by a single spring ; in the same precipitate 
manner it jumps upon its prey, and possessing great 
flexibility of body, easily evades the attempts of much 
stronger animals to seize it. We are told, that an 
eagle having pounced upon a weasel, mounted into the 
air with it,, and was soon after observed to be in great 
distress: the little animal had extricated itself so much; 
from the eagle's hold,, as to be able to fasten upon the 
throat, which presently brought the eagle to the ground, 
and gave the weasel an opportunity of escaping. Its 
activity is remarkable, and it will run up the sides of a 
wall with such facility,, that no place is secure from it. 
The weasel also preys in silence, and never utters any 
cry,. except when it is struck, when it expresses resent- 
ment, or pain, by a rough kind of squeaking. It is 
useful to the farmer in winter, by clearing his barns 
and granaries of rats and mice; more slender and 
nimble than the cat, it presents a more deadly foe, as 
it can pursue them into their holes, where it kills them 
after a very short, if any, resistance. Into the pigeon- 
house it is sometimes a most unwelcome intruder, as 
it spares neither eggs nor young ones. In "summer it; 


ventures at a distance from its usual haunts; is fre- 
quently found by the side of water, near corn mills, 
and is almost sure to follow wherever a swarm of rats 
occupy any place. 

The female brings forth in the spring,.and takes great 
pains for the comfort of her young, by preparing a bed 
for them of straw, hay, leaves, and moss. They have 
from three to five in a litter, which are born blind, 
but they soon acquire both sight and strength to follow 
their dam in her excursions. 

The weasel sleeps in its hole during the greater part 
of the day, and evening is the chief time when it be- 
gins its depredations; it then may be seen stealing 
from its retreat, and creeping about in search of prey, 
which extends to all the eggs it can meet with, and it 
not unfrequently destroys the bird that tries to defend 
them. If it enters the hen-roost, the chickens are 
sure to fall victims ; it does not there often attack the 
cocks, or old hens, nor does it devour what it kills on 
the spot, but drags it off, to eat at leisure. The 
weasel's appetite for animal food is insatiable, and he 
never forsakes it ; all the produce of the plunder it 
conveys to its hiding-place, and will not touch it till it 
begins to putrefy. The odour of the weasel is very 
strong, and is the most offensive in summer time, or 
when irritated or pursued. The following incident, 
related by Buffon, shews that the weasel has a natural 
attachment to what is corrupt, and even delights in 
the midst of putrid effluvia: — " In my neighbourhood, 
a weasel and three young ones were taken from the 
putrid carcass of a wolf, which was hung up by the 
hind legs as a terror to others ; and in the throat of 


this animal had the weasel made a nest of leaves ant} 
herbage, for the accommodation of her offspring." 


This animal, which is equally agile and mischievous 
with the weasel in the pursuit and destruction of the 
hare, and all other sorts of game, poultry, and eggs, 
has, from its habits and the small difference in shape 
from the weasel, been often described under the same 
denomination. Its height is about two inches; the 
tail five and a half, very hairy, and at the points tipped 
with black ; the edges of the ears and ends of the toes 
are of a yellowish white; in other respects it perfectly 
resembles the weasel in colour and form. In the most 
northern parts of Europe, the stoat regularly changes 
its colour in winter, and becomes perfectly white, ex- 
cept the end of the tail, which remains invariably 
black. It is then called the ermine; the fur is valuable, 
and is sold in the country where caught, from two to 
three pounds sterling per hundred. The animal is 
either taken in traps, made of two flat stones, or shot 
with blunt arrows. 

The stoat is sometimes found white during the win- 
ter season in Great Britain, and is then commonly 
called the ichttc wcaid. Its fur, however, having nei- 
ther the thickness, the closeness, or the whiteness, 
of those which come from Siberia, is, with us, of little 

In the Natural History of Norway, by Pontoppidan, 
are these remarks upon the stoat, or ermine. 

" In Norway the ermine lives upon the rocks, his 


skin is white, except the tail, which is tipped with 
black. The furs of Norway and Lapland preserve 
their whiteness better than those of Russia, which soon 
acquire a yellowish cast ; and upon this account the 
former are in greater request even at Petersburgh. The 
ermine catches mice, like the cat, and when practica- 
ble, carries off his prey. He is peculiarly fond of eggs, 
and when the sea is calm he swims over to the islands 
which lie netr the coast of Norway, where there are 
vast quantities of sea fowls. It is alledged, that when 
4he female brings forth on an island, she conducts her 
young to the continent upon a piece of wood, piloting 
it with her snout. This animal, although small, kills 
those of a much larger size, as therein deer and bear. 
He jumps into one of their ears when asleep, and ad* 
heres so fast by his teeth, that the creatures cannot 
disengage him. He likewise surprises eagles and Ik- .un- 
cocks, by fixing on them, and never quitting them, 
even when they mount in the air, until the loss of 
blood makes them fall down." 

To destroy these worst of all four-footed vermin to 
game in its infant state, the following mode is recom- 
commended : — Provide small square-made steel traps, 
with a small chain and iron peg to fix them down; 
get two drachms of musk, shootsome small birds, and 
dip the tail of these birds in the musk ; tie one on the 
plate of each trap, and set in the hedges, or where it 
is suspected they frequent; this will soon reduce the 
number, should it be ever so c nsiderable; if it so 
happen, that no musk is irnme to be got, the 

trap must be baited with a , .rabbit; and it 

should be remembered, that I it cannot be loo 




This gentleman, who was one of the first sportsmen 
in Gloucestershire, attending the funeral of his wife, 
arrayed in all the pomp of woe, and seemingly torpid 
with sorrow, was suddenly roused from his grief by 
the starting of a hare; on which, as if forgetting the 
melancholy business he was about, he immediately 
threw down his cloak and other incumbrances, and 
towing on two greyhounds, the constant atteudant of 
all his steps, pursued the game. The hare being 
killed, he rejoined the procession, which had halted 
on the occasion, and the bearers had set down the 
corpse. — " Come, gentlemen," said he, resuming hifr 
melancholy tone, with his sable vestments, " in the 
name of God, let us proceed with the remains of my 
dearest wife, and finish the sorrowful ceremony for 
which we are met." This story was related to the 
late Francis Grose, Esq. by Mr and Mrs. Batburst, 
of Lidney-Park, Gloucestershire, who affirmed it to be 
literally true. 


This animal, in ancient times, was considered as a 
very valuable present, and especially by the ladies, 
with whom it appears to have been a peculiar favou- 
rite : in a very old metrical romance, called Sir Egla- 
more, a princess tells the knight that if he was inclined 
to hunt, she would, as an especial mavk of her favour, 
give him an excellent greyhound, so swift, that no deer 
could escape from his pursuit. 

Syr yf you be on huntynge founcle, 
I shall you gyve a good greyhounde, 


That is dunne as a doo : 
For as I am trewe gentylwoman, 
There was never deer that he at ran, 
That might yscape him fro. 

In our own country, during the reign of king John, 
greyhounds were frequently received by him as pay- 
ment in lieu of money, for the renewal of grants, fines, 
and forfeitures, belonging to the crown ; the following 
extracts prove this monarch to have been exceedingly 
partial to this kind of dogs. A fine paid A.D. 1203, 
mentions five hundred marks, ten horses, and ten 
leashes of greyhounds; another, in 1210, one swift run- 
ning horse, and six greyhounds. 

In ancient times three several animals were coursed 
with greyhounds, the deer, the fox, and the hare. The 
two former are not practised at present, but the cours- 
ing of deer formerly was a recreation in high esteem, 
and was divided into two sorts; the paddock, the fo- 
rest, or purlieu. For the paddock coursing, besides 
the greyhounds, which never exceeded two, and for the 
most part consisted of one brace, there was the teazel, 
or mongrel greyhound, whose business it was to drive 
the deer forward before the real greyhounds were slipt. 
Yhe paddock was a piece of ground generally taken out 
of a park, and fenced with pales, or a wall; it was a 
mile in length, and about a quarter of a mile in 
breadth, but the further end was always broader than 
that which the dogs started from, the better to accom- 
modate the company in seeing which dog won the 
match. At the hither end was the dog-house (to en- 
close the dogs that were to run the course), which was 
attended by two men, one of whom stood at the door 
to slip the dogs, the other was a little without the door, 


to let loose the teazer to drive away the deer. The 
pens for the deer intended to be coursed, were on one 
side, with a keeper or two to turn them out; on the 
other side, at some distance, stood the spectators. 
Along the course were placed posts. The first, which 
was next the dog-house and pens, was the law-post, 
and was distant from them one hundred and sixty 
yards. The second was the quarter of a mile, the 
third the half mile, the fourth the pinching-post, and 
the fifth marked distance, in lieu of a post, was the 
ditch, which was a place made so as to receive the 
deer, and keep them from being further pursued by 
the dogs. Near to this place were seats for the judges,, 
who were chosen to decide the wager. 

So soon as the greyhounds that were to run the 
match were led into the dog-house, they were deliver- 
ed to the keepers, who by the articles of coursing were 
to see them fairly slipt ; for which purpose, there was 
round each dog's neck a falling-collar, which slipt 
through rings. The owners of the dogs drew lots 
which should have the wall, that there should be do 
advantage; the dog-house door was then shut, and the 
keeper turned out the deer; after the deer bad gone 
about twenty yards, the person that held the teazer 
loosed him, to force the deer forward, and when the 
deer was got to the law- post, the dogs were led out 
from the dog-house, and slipt. If the deer swerved 
before he got to the pinching-post, so that bis head 
was judged to be nearer the dog-house than the ditch, 
it was deemed no match, and was to be run again 
three days after ; but if there was no such swerve, and 
the dog ran straight until he went beyond the pinching- 
post, then that dog which was nearest the deer (shoulct 


lie swerve) gained the contest; if no swerve happened, 
then that dog which leaped the ditch first was the 
victor; if any disputes arose, they were referred to 
the articles of the course, and determined by the 

In coursing deer in the forest, or purlieu, two ways 
were used; the one coursing from wood to wood, and 
the other upon the lawns by the keepers' lodges. In 
the first, some hounds were thrown into the cover to 
drive out the deer, whilst the greyhounds were held 
ready to be slipt where the deer was expected to 
break; if the deer was not of a proper age and size, the 
dogs were not let loose; and if, on the other hand, he 
broke at too great a distance, or was otherwise deemed 
an overmatch for one brace, it was allowable to way- 
lay him with another brace of fresh greyhounds. 

For the coursing upon the lawn, the keeper had no- 
tice given him, and he took care to lodge a deer fit for 
the purpose, and bj sinking the wind of him, there was 
no danger of getting near enough to slip the grey- 
hounds, and having a fair course. 

In coursing the fox, no other art was necessary 
but to get the wind, and stand close on the outside of 
the wood, where he was expected to come out, and to 
give him law enough, or he instantly returned back to 
the cover ; the slowest greyhounds were speedy enough 
to overtake him; and all the hazard was, the fox spoil- 
ing the dog, which frequently happened ; for the most 
part, the greyhounds used for this course were hard- 
bitten dogs, that would seize any thing. 



Wild horses are taken notice of by several of the an- 
cients. Herodotus mentions white wild horses on the 
banks of the Hypanis, in Scythia. He likewise tells 
us, that in the northern part of Thrace, beyond the 
Danube, there were wild horses covered all over with 
hair, five inches in length. The wild horses in Ame- 
rica are the offspring of domestic horses, originally 
transported thither from Europe, by the Spaniards. 
The author of the History of the Buccaneers, informs 
us, that troops of horses, sometimes consisting of five 
hundred, are frequently met with in the island of St. 
Domingo: that, when they see a man, they all stop, 
and that, one of their number approaches to a certain 
distance, blows through his nostrils, takes flight, and is 
instantly followed by the whole troop. He describes 
them as having gross heads and limbs, and long necks 
and ears. The inhabitants tame them with ease, and 
then train them to labour. In order to take them, 
gins of ropes are laid in the places where they are 
known to frequent. When caught by the neck, they 
soon strangle themselves, unless some person arrives in 
time to disentangle them. They are tied to trees by 
the body and limbs, and are left in that situation two 
days, without victuals or drink. This treatment is ge- 
nerally sufficient to render them more tractable, and 
they soon become as gentle as if they had never been 
wild. Even when any of these horses, by accident, re- 
gain their liberty, they never resume their savage state, 
but know their masters, and allow themselves to be 
approached and retaken. 


From these, and similar tacts, it may be concluded, 
that thcdispositions of horses are gentle; and that they 
are naturally disposed to associate with man, After 
they are tamed, they never forsake the abodes of men. 
On the contrary, they are anxious to return to the 
stable. The sweets of habit seem to supply all that 
they have lost by slavery. When fatigued, the mansion 
of repose is full of comfort, they smell it at a consider- 
able distance ; can distinguish it in the midst of popu- 
lous cities, and seem uniformly to prefer bondage to 
liberty. By some attention and address, colts are, at 
first, rendered tractable. When that point is gained, 
by different modes of management, the docility of -the 
animal is improved, and they soon learn to perform, 
with alacrity, the labours assigned to them. The do* 
mesticalion of the horse is, perhaps the noblest acqui- 
sition from the animal world, which has ever been 
made by the genius, the art, and the industry of man. 
He is taught to partake of the dangers and fatigues of 
war, and seems to enjoy the glory of victory. He even 
seems to participate of human pleasures and amuse- 
ments. He delights in the chase and the tournament, 
and his eyes sparkle with emulation in the course. 
Though bold and intrepid, however, he does notallow 
himself to be hurried on by a furious ardour. On 
proper occasions he represses his movements, and 
knows how to check the natural lire of his temper. 
He not only yields to the hand, but seems to consult 
the inclination of his rider; always obedient to the im- 
pressions he receives, he flies, or stops, and regulates 
his motions solely by the will of his master. 

Mr. Ray informs us, that he had seen a horse who 
danced to music ; who, at the command of bis matter, 


affected to be lame ; who simulated death ; lay motion- 
less, with his limbs extended, and allowed himself to 
be dragged about till some words were pronounced, 
when he instantly sprung on his feet. Facts of this 
kind would scarcely receive credit, if so many persons 
were not now acquainted with the wonderful docility 
of the horses educated by Astley, and others. In ex- 
hibitions of this kind, the docility, and prompt obedi- 
ence of the animals, deserves more admiration than the 
dexterous feats of the men. 

Next to the horse, the dog seems to be the most 
docile quadruped. More tractable in his nature than 
most other animals, the dog not only receives instruc- 
tion with rapidity, but accommodates his behaviour 
and deportment to the manners and habits of those who 
command him. He assumes the very tone of the fa- 
mily in which he resides; eager at all times to please 
his master, or his friends, he furiously repels beggars, 
because he probably, from their dress, conceives them 
to be either thieves, or competitors for food. 

Though every dog is naturally a hunter, his dexterity 
is highly improved by experience and instruction. 
The varieties of dogs, by frequent intermixtures with 
those of other climates, and perhaps with foxes and 
wolves, are so great, and their instincts so much diver- 
sified, that, even though they produce with each other, 
we should be apt to regard them as different species. 
What a difference between the natural dispositions of 
the shepherd's dog, the spaniel, and the greyhound ! 
The shepherd's dog, independently of all instruction, 
seems to be endowed by nature with an innate attach- 
ment to the preservation of sheep and cattle. His do- 
cility is likewise so great, that he not only learns t* 


understand the language and commands of the shep- 
herd, and obeys them with faithfulness and alacrity, 
but, when at distances beyond the reach of his master's 
voice, he often stops, looks back, and recognises the 
approbation, or disapprobation, of the shepherd, by 
the mere waving of his hand. He reigns at the head 
of a flock, and is better heard than the voice of his mas- 
ter. His vigilance and activity produce order, disci- 
pline, and safety. Sheep and cattle are peculiarly 
subjected to his management, whom he prudently 
conducts, and generally protects. But when the flock 
committed to his charge is attacked by the fox, the 
wolf, or other rapacious animals, he makes a full dis- 
play of his courage and sagacity. In situations of 
this kind, both his natural and acquired talents are 
exerted. Three shepherds' dogs aresaid to be a match 
for a bear, and four for a lion. 

Every person knows the docility and sagacity of dogs 
employed in conducting blind mendicants. — Johannes 
Faber, as quoted by Mr. Ray, informs us, that he 
knew a blind beggar that was led through the streets 
of Rome by a middle-sized dog. This dog, besides 
leading his master in such a manner as to protect him 
from all danger, learned to distinguish not only the 
streets, but the houses where his master was accus- 
tomed to receive alms twice or thrice a week. When- 
ever the animal came to any of these streets, with 
which he was well acquainted, he would not leave it 
till a call had been made at every house where his 
master was usually successful in his petitions. When 
the beggar began to ask alms, the dog, being weaned, 
laid down to rest; but the master was no sooner 
served, or refused, than the dog rose spontaneously, 
Y 2 


and, without order, or sign, proceeded to the other 
houses where the beggar generally received some gra- 
tuity. I observed, says be, not without pleasure and 
surprise, that when a piece of money was thrown from 
a window, such was the sagacity and attention of this 
dog, that he went about in quest of it, lifted it from the 
ground with his mouth, and dropped it into his mas- 
ter's hat. Even when bread was thrown down, the 
animal would not taste it unless he received a portion 
of it from the hand of his master. Without any other 
instruction than imitation, a mastiff, when accidentally 
shut out from a house which his master frequented, 
uniformly rung the bell for admittance. Dogs can be 
taught to go to market with money, repair to a known 
butcher, and to carry home the meat in safety. They 
can be taught to dance to music, and to search for, and 
find any thing that is lost. 

Among these remarkable instances of animal saga- 
city, ma}' be placed Banks's famous horse, whose re- 
nown is alluded to by Shakespeare, in " Love's La- 
bour Lost," Act I. Scene III. and by Dekker, in his 
" Untrussing of the Humourous Poet." It is related 
of this horse, that he would restore a glove to its own- 
er, after his master had whispered the man's name in 
his ear; that he would tell the number of pence in 
any silver coin ; and even perform the grosser offices 
of nature, whenever his master bade him. He danced 
likewise to the sound of a pipe, and told money with his 
feet. Sir Walter Raleigh says, " that had Banks 
lived in older times, he would have shamed all the 
enchanters in the world, by the wonderful instructions 
which he had given to his horse." 

Of the sagacity of a horse, Dr. Swift has given a 


strange instance. This horse, which was a native of 
Bristol, would stand upon his hind legs, bow to the 
company, and beat several marches on a drum. Sir 
Kenehn Digby speaks of a baboon that played on the 
guitar. And we are informed of an ape that played at 
chess, in the presence of the King of Portugal, Va- 
rious are the scientific performances of elephants. Bi- 
shop Burnet says, he saw one at Milan, that played 
at ball. 


Delicacy, to survivors, and a desire to avoid th« 
introduction of a line that can give offence, renders 
unnecessary the task of biographical minutiae, and en- 
ables us to pass over (as unconnected with the pur- 
port) his origin, and the days of juvenility, to accom- 
pany him to those scenes where he was the subject of 
popularity, and the very life and spirit of good com- 

To analyze the means by which he was immerged 
from those dreary walls in the more dreary environs 
of Fleet-market, to a scene of princely splendour (by 
alucky " hazard of the die," with the last desponding 
-hundred, then reluctantly consigned by his fair frail 

-friend C — — H =s) is not the intent of the present 

-page to recite ; or to moralize with admiration upon 
the vicissitudes that alternately raise us to the sum- 
mit of prosperity, and then penetrate the bosom of 
sensibility with the barbed arrow of adversity. Let it 
suffice, that his bitter draughts were few, and of short 
duration : what little disquietude he experienced in 
the infancy of his adventures, was amply compensated 


by the affluence of bis latter years, in which he enjcyed 
the gratification of his only ambition, that of being* 
before he died, the most opulent and most successful 
adventurer upon the turf. — A circumstance not calcu- 
lated to create surprize, when it is recollected, that 
his own penetration, his indefatigable industry, his 
nocturnal watching, his personal superintendence, and 
eternal attention, had reduced to a system of certainty 
'with him, what was neither more nor less than a mat- 
ter of chance with his competitors. 

He had, by the qualifications just recited, possessed 
himself of every requisite to practise (if necessary) con- 
sequently to counteract, the various astonishing and 
almost incredible deceptions in the sporting world, 
that have reduced so very many to the dark abyss of 
extreme poverty, and exalted very few to the exhilirat- 
ing scenes of domestic comfort. Under such accu- 
mulated acquisitions, resulting from long experience 
and attentive observation, it cannot be thought extra- 
ordinary that he should become greatly superior to his 
numerous competitors, where the successful termina- 
tion of the event was dependant upon such judgment 
in making a match, or the interposition of art in de- 
ciding it. 

It is a matter, not universally known (even in the 
sporting world), how very much he felt himself wound* 
ed, in a repeated rejection of his application to be ad- 
mitted into some of the clubs instituted and supported 
by those of the higher order, as well at Newmarket as 
in the metropolis. These were indignities he never 
lost sight of, and which he embraced every opportuni- 
ty to acknowledge and compensate, by the equitable 
law of retaliation. Of tkis fact numerous corrobo- 


native proofs might be introduced ; one, however, of 
magnitude and notoriety, will be sufficient to produce 

The better to expedite his own superiority, and to 
carry his well-planned schemes into successful execu- 
tion^ and in order to render himself less dependant 
upon the incredible herd of necessitous sharks, and de- 
termined desperate harpies, that surround every newly 
initiated adventurer, and are unavoidably employed 
in all the subordinate offices of the turf and training 
stables, he had (upon making some important disco- 
veries in family secrets) determined to retain, exclu- 
sive of sudden and occasional changes, when circum- 
stances required it, one rider (or jockey), at a certain 
annual stipend, to ride for him, whenever ordered so 
to do, for any plate, match, or sweepstakes, but with 
the privilege of riding for any other person, provided 
he had no horse entered to run for the same prize. 
Having adjusted such arrangement in his own mind, 
and fixed upon the intended object of his trust, he 
communicated his design, and entered upon negocia- 
tion ; when the monied terms being proposed, he not 
only instantly acquiesced, but voluntarily offered to 
doubled them, provided he would enter into an engage- 
ment, and bind himself under a penalty, never to ride 
for any of the black-legged fraternity. The consenting 
jockey saying " he was at a loss, to a certainty, who 
the captain meant by the black-legged fraternity.'* 
— He instantly replied, with his nsual energy, " O, by 
Jasus, my dear, and I'll soon make you understand 
who I mean by the black-legged fraternity ! There's the 
D. of G. the Duke of D. Lord A. Lord D. Lord G. 
Lord C. Lord F. the Right Hon. A. B, C. D. and 
y 4 


and C. J. F. and all the set of the t haves that belong f 
their humbug societies and ub aboo clubs, where they 
can meet and rob one another without detection* 

This curious definition of the black-legged fraternity, 
is a proof, sufficiently demonstrative, how severely ht 
felt himself affected by the rejection, in consequenc* 
of which he embraced every opportunity of saying any 
thing to excite their irrascibility, as well as to encoun- 
ter every difficulty and expence to obtain that pre- 
eminence upon the turf he afterwards became possessed 
of. Dining at the stewards' ordinary at Burford races, 
in the veur 177^, (Lord Robert Spencer in the chair) 
when those races continued four days (now reduced to 
two), Lord Abingdon and many other noblemen being 
present, matches and sweepstakes, as usual after din- 
ner, were proposed, and entered into for the follow- 
ing year. Amongst the rest, one between Lord A. 
and Mr. Baily, of Rambridge, in Hampshire, for 300 
guineas h. ft. when the captain being once or twice ap- 
pealed to by Mr. B. in adjusting the terms, Lord A. 
happened to exclaim, " that he, and the gentlemen on 
his side the table," run for honour; the captain and his 
friends for profit. — The match being at length agreed 
upon in terms not conformable" to the captain's opi- 
nion, and he applied to by B. to stand half, the cap- 
tain vociferously replied, " No; but if the match had 
been made cross and jostle, as I proposed, I would 
have not only stood all the money, but have brought a 
spalpeen from Newmarket, no higher than a two-penny 
loaf, that should (by Jasus!) have driven his lord- 
ship's horse and jockey into the furzes, and have kept 
him there for three weeks." 

It was htt usual custom to carry a great number of 


bank-notes in his waistcoat pocket, wisped up together 
with the greatest indifference. When in his attendance 
upon a hazard table at Windsor, during the races, 
being a standing better (and every chair full), a per- 
son's hand was observed, by those on the opposite side 
of the table, just in the act of drawing two notes out 
of his pocket; when the alarm was given, the hand 
(from the person behind) was instantaneously with- 
drawn, and the notes left more than half out of the 
pocket. The company became clamorous for the of- 
fender's being taken before a magistrate, and many at- 
tempting to secure him for that purpose, the captain 
very philosophically seizing him by the collar, kicked 
him down stairs, and exultingly exclaimed, " 'twas a 
sufficient punishment, to be deprived of the pleasure 
ot keeping company with jonthmm" 

The great and constant object of his pursuit was to 
collect and retain the best bred stud in the kingdom. 
This great acquisition he had nearly completed at the 
time of his death ; having crossed and accumulated 
the different degrees of blood from their collateral 
branches, so as nearly to concentrate the various ex- 
cellencies of different highly estimated pedigrees (by a 
portion of each) in a single subject. And here it can- 
not be inapplicable to introduce a few remarks on the 
celebrity and superior qualifications of that famous 
horse Eclipse, whose excellence in speed, blood, pedi- 
gree, and progeny, will be, perhaps, transmitted to 
the end of time. 

This wonderful horse was bred by the former Duke 

of Cumberland, and, being foaled during the great 

eclipse, was so named by the duke in consequence. 

His royal highness, however, did not survive to witness 

y 5 


the very great performances he himself had predicted ; 
for, when a yearling only, he was disposed of by auc- 
tion, with the rest of the stud : and, even in this very 
sate, a singularity attended him; for, upon Mr. Wild- 
taan's arrival, the sale had begun, and some few lots 
were knocked down. A dispute here arose, upon Mr. 
Wildman's producing his watch, and insisting upon it 
the sale had begun before the time advertised. The 
auctioneer remonstrated; little Wildman was not to 
be satisfied, and insisted upon it the lots so sold should 
be put up again, This circumstance causing a loss of 
time, as well as a scene of confusion, the purchasers 
said, if there was any lot already sold, which he had 
an inclination to, rather than retard progress, it was 
totally at his service. 

Eclipse was the only lot he had originally fixed upon, 
and that was transferred to him at seventy, or seventy* 
five guineas. At four, or five years old, Captain 
O'Kelly purchased half of him for two hundred and 
fifty guineas, and, in a short time after, gave seven 
hundred and fifty for the remainder. His great powers 
and performances are too well imprinted in the me- 
mory of the sporting world to be already obliterated. 

The purchase of the captain's estate near Epsom ft 
with the great convenience of his training-stables and 
paddocks, so contiguous to the course, and different 
ground for exercise, gave him every opportunity of 
information that his great avidity could excite him to 
obtain. Indefatigable in his pursuits, he became every 
day the less liable to disappointment ; and, that he 
might insure this to a greater certainty, his affability 
and friendly affection to his domestics and dependants, 
iiad taught them to look im to him more as a friend 


than a master; and to this natural effusion of philan- 
thropic liberality may be attributed no small portion 
of the success that so constantly attended him at al- 
most every country course in various parts of the king- 
dom — at least in all those parts that were centrical ; 
for, exceedingly fond of being present when his horses 
run, he never sent them to remote spots where he could 
not attend them. He was remarkable for his attach- 
ment to horses of bottom, that could stand a long day; 
and made a point, if possible, of always winning at 
three or four heats, in preference to two. This ren- 
dered the race a matter of more profitable specula- 
tion ; for, by protracting the superiority of his own 
horses, with the termination of the race, he became 
the winner of greater odds, which were constantly en- 
creasing every heat, as the horse seemed still less 
likely to win. 

Give-and-take plates, as they are called (carrying 
weight for inches), were then very much in use, but 
now almost obliterated ; and, amongst the competitors 
at Epsom, Ascot, Reading, Maidenhead, &c. &c. we 
were sure to find, for many years in succession, Brutus, 
Badger (alias Ploughboy), Young Gimcrack, Atom, 
Tiney, and, with the rest, Captain O'Kelly's Milksop, 
amongst which group was always seen as desperate 
running as cau be conceived, each becoming alternately 
victor, as the course proved, most applicable to his 
style of running (or the state of condition), as it is 
well known some horses run well over a flat course, 
that are deficient in climbing or descending a hill. — 
Upon this little horse alone he won very considerable 
sums, as he was at the height of his reputation, as 
well as his owner in the very zenith of prosperity, when 
y 6 


the turf was in a different degree of estimation; and it 
may be fairly concluded, that a thousand was then 
betted for every fifty that is now paid and received. — . 
Excluded in some measure (by a rejection from the 
clubs) running for the great stakes at Newmarket, he 
made a point of sweeping the major part of the plates 
at every country course within the extent of his circle. 
His horses never run better, or won oftener, than. 
when the long odds were against them. This, how* 
ever, was more the effect of policy than of chance. 
To enumerate a list of his stud, or a delineation of 
their individual excellencies, or successful perform- 
ances, would be to exceed the bounds of our work; 
it must, therefore, suffice to say, that, by an indefa- 
tigable and unremitting application to the cause he 
had embarked in, he accumulated not only a splendid 
fortune, but left to his successor such a train of stal- 
lions, in high estimation, that alone brought him in a 
princely competence* 

Report, after his decease, circulated an opinion that 
he had,, by will, under certain restrictions, (in imita- 
tion of the late Lord Chesterfield) enjoined his, succes- 
sor to avoid every connexion with the turf; not even 
to run or enter a horse in bis own name. If such was 
the fact, (which, by the bye, we have no reason to- 
doubt) such restriction is, by a supposed, composition, 
entirely done away, as we now not only see the present 
Mr. O'Kelly running horses in his own. name, but 
riding his own matches. Of the late D. O'Kelly, Esq. 
it may be very justly acknowledged, .we shall never see 
a more zealous, or a more generous promoter of the 
turf, a fairer sportsman in the field, or at the gaming- 
table. 1( he absolutely possessed private advantages 


over the less experienced, they were too judiciously 
managed ever to transpire to his public prejudice. In 
his domestic transactions he was indulgently liberal, 
without being ridiculously profuse; and, as he was the 
last man living to offer an intentional insult unpro- 
voked, so he was never known to receive one with im- 
punity. In short, without offence to the distinguished 
equestrian leaders of the present day, we may aver, 
he was not in the fashion now extant ; his tradesmen, 
his riders, his grooms, his helpers and subordinates, 
comparing the plenty of the past with the poverty of 
the present, may, with great justice and sincerity, ex- 
claim — 

" Take him for all in all, 
We ne'er shall look upon his like again.' 7 

*• « 


Was from his youth fond of field sports, and re- 
tained his attachment to them until prevented by the 
infirmities of age from their further enjoyment. He 
was accustomed to hunt in Richmond Park with a 
pack of beagles. Upon receiving a packet of letters, 
he usually opened that from his gamekeeper first; and 
in the pictures taken of him, he preferred being drawn 
in his sporting dress. 


You know the history of this far-famed palace, its 
original structure and destination, by Cardinal Rich- 
elieu, its descent through two successive monarchs to 


the iast proprietor, the Duke of Orleans, whose con- 
version of it to its present destination afforded, at once 
the means of indulging his incredible extravagance, and 
gratifying his inordinate avarice. I think I have heard 
you say, that you have read that most animated, and 
most excellent description of the Palais-Royal, which 
is inserted in one of the volumes of the Varieties of Li- 
terature: it often recurred to my memory, when 1 wit- 
nessed the busy bustling scene which is there depicted 
with such fidelity and colouring. Let a man walk un- 
der these arcades, at any hour of the day, and he will 
never want food, either for meditation, or amusement; 
but the Palais-Royal exhibits a scene of peculiar in- 
terest in the evening. B. whom, to my great surprise- 
and pleasure, I met the other morning on the Pont- 
neuf, and who gave us his company to dinner at our 
hotel, persuaded us to leave our fire-side, and take a 
lounge in the Palais-Royal: the shape of the building, 
you know, is that of a parallelogram, which incloses a 
large garden, whose well-gravelled walks afford a fine 
view of the edifice. It was about half after seven when 
we entered by the Rue de Lycce ; at this end of the Pa- 
lais is a double piazza, with two rows of shops reach- 
ing from one extremity to the other; so crowded were 
these promenades with ladies, and loungers of every de- 
scription, that, by common consent, the ' law of the 
road' was as strictly preserved, as it is in the streets of 
London by the hackney-coachmen ! To have disturb- 
ed this easy, well-regulated flow, would have been ex- 
tremely rude; and I almost question whether the tide 
would not have carried any little bark away which had 
attempted to resist it. 
Though the other colonnades were also crowded, 


Ambulation was not so difficult as here; and we had 
abundant opportunity to admire, as well the peculiar 
elegance with which the rival shop-keepers had lighted 
up their little cabinets of bijouterie, as the splendour 
and magnificence produced by the genera) illumination 
of the whole. After we had gratified our curiosity, 
and scattered as many looks as it was lawful for us 
married men, on the full unshaded beauties of the 
deep-bosomed damsels who tread this fairy ground, 

our friend B , whose long residence here has made 

him perfectly familiar with the manners and amuse- 
ments of the people, proposed to shew us the gaming- 
houses and subterranean gaieties of the Palais-Royal. 
He had scarcely spoken, when the sounds of ill-tuned 
instruments, and shrill piercing voices, assailed our 
ears; a sort of Sirocoggleam, composed of innumerable 
breathings, rising upon us at the same time, sufficient- 
ly indicated that there was " High Life below Stairs/' 
We descended into a large room, whose ceiling, walls, 
and decorations, counterfeit Arcadian scenery ; the 
pillars which supported the roof represent the knotty 
trunks of venerable trees, whose tortuous branches, in- 
tertwisted with each other, " o'ercanopy the glade." 
Tityrus, or more probably some Grecian shepherd, is 
seen lying at his length under the shade of a wide- 
spreading beech- tree in the wall, cooled by a stationary 
stream, and watching, with untired eye, the never- 
ending antics of the kids and lambkins that surround 
him. The company is not unappropriate to the sce- 
nery ; Pan is here with his pipe, and many a satyr peeps 
through the mimic foliage at the careless unveiled 
nymphs who trip, with fantastic toe, across the ** vel- 
vet green." These shepherds and shepherdesses, I as- 


sure you, live not upon the unsubstantial food of love 
alone: they have very good appetites, believe mej 
many of them did I see amusing themselves with a dish 
pf pettts-pdtts, a bason of soup, and a fine plump pou- 
kt i glasses of Bourdeaux and Burgundy were rilled 
with a generous hand, and to my great surprise, did I 
often inhale the odour of hot rum punch ! 

The gaming-tables are in a different quarter of the 
Palais-Royal; we ascended a stair-case, and opened 
the door of an anti-chamber, where several hundred 
hats, sticks, and great coats, carefully ticketed, were 
arranged, under the charge of two or three old men, 
who receive either one or two sous A forget which, from 
every owner, for the safe delivery of his precious depo- 
sit. No dogs are admitted into these sacred apart- 
ments, nor any thing which is likely to disturb the deep 
attention and holy quiet which pervade them! From 
this anti-chamber we opened a folding-door, which in- 
troduced to a large well-lighted room, in the centre of 
which was a table, surrounded, at a moderate estimate, 
by two hundred and fifty, or three hundred persons, 
anxiously inspecting a game, which it 'was not likely 
that any of our party should know the name of. We 
proceeded to another room ; another succeeded that ; 
and yet another; a fourth, a fifth, a sixth. We omit- 
ted to reckon the number of the rooms, and, therefore, 
to avoid exaggeration, we will stop here ; but I am in- 
clined to believe there are more than six ; all of which 
communicated with each other, and were equally well 
attended with the first. Different games were pur- 
suing, all strange to us unfashionable folks: a few fe- 
males mixed with this wretched crowd, were seated at 
the table, and engaged in the game. 


These tables are licensed by government — pay a 
considerable sum of money — and are, I understand, 
under its immediate inspection: they are excellently 
regulated : ready cash passes from the loser to the 
winner, and differences appear to be decided by ap- 
pointed references, who sit at the table, invested with 
what we conjecture to be the insignia of oiiice; name- 
ly, short wooden instruments, shaped like a garden hoe, 
and which seem to collect the tweive-livre pieces which 
are scattered over the table. 

There is one very curious condition imposed upon 
the holders of these gaming-tables ; they are obliged 
to furnish every body who enters any of the rooms, 
with as much table-beer as they chuse to call for. 
Waiters are, therefore, perpetually running backwards 
and forwards with overflowing tumblers of this re- 
freshing beverage, six or seven crowded on a tray; 
and he is not merely a polite man, but a fortunate one 
who adheres strictly to the good old-fashioned rule — 
" Drink what you please, but pocket none/' Beer, to 
an Englishman in Paris, to me at least, is nectar: I 
had tasted none since we left Dover; and, although the 
glasses had received the homage of a hundred lips, it 
was impossible to resist the temptation : taking all 
possible care, therefore, to avoid all extraneous mat- 
ter, I ventured to indulge my inclination, and am now 
ready to certify, before any magistrate, that the water 
of the Seine makes as good beer as the water of the 

From these licensed tables we visited many scenes 
of unsanctioned dissipation, in divers subterranean 
chambers, where the game of billiards was dexterously 
played ; two or three tables appear to be well attend* 


ed in every room ; it really makes one's heart bleed to 
see so many beardless youths as there are here, and 
lovely females, hastening on the road to ruin ! But 
at the Palais-Royal one sees all the world in yellow, 
blue, and green, to use poor Yorick's words — " run- 
ning at the ring of pleasure. The old, with broken 
lances, and in helmets, which have lost their vizors — 
the young, in armour bright, which shines like gold, be-- 
plumed with each gay feather of the east — all, all tilt- 
ing at it, like fascinated knights in tournaments of yor»: 
for fame and love." 


A ritoLix detail of the origin of an equestrian per- 
former, would be only troubling our readers with what 
their own understandings had probably pre-suggested, 
namely, that his birth was obscure, and his erudition 
slender. Suffice it then, in brevity, to say, that Hughes 
was the son of a village ale-housekeeper in Gloucester- 
shire ; that, as soon as of age sufficient for the different 
changes, he was a post-chaise driver, a groom in a gen- 
tleman's stable, and, in the year 1766, or thereabout, 
a competitor with Price, Sampson, and others, in teats 
of horsemanship, in a place fitted up for the purpose, 
near Blackfriars-bridge, where he acquired considera- 
ble reputation in his profession; and in a very short 
time emigrated to the continents, Europe, and North 
America, where we will leave him till the building of 
the Royal Circus, in 1782, with which we will continue 
his history. 

At about this period it was that the ingenious Mr» 


Dibdin proposed to some of his friends to build a the- 
atre for dramatic and equestrian exhibitions. Colonel 
West, late of Rathbone-place, (of respected memory) 
and four others, were shortly induced to raise a sub- 
scription for the purpose ; and, being mostly men of 
fortune and spirit, daily enlarged and improved the 
scheme; and, in a few months, laid out to the tune of 
fifteen thousand pounds in building and preparing the 
Royal Circus, appointing Mr. Dibdin manager of the 
stage and Hughes, who had just arrived from abroad, 
where he had both got and spent an immensity of mo- 
ney) of the riug, or horsemanship. So that the asser- 
tion, in some of the diurnal prints, that he was the first 
projector, and some years proprietor of that theatre, is 
void of truth, since he was neither the one nor the 
other, having a life interest only ; which, indeed, gave 
him a power he did not fail to make use of — of ruin- 
ing that theatre and himself. 

The Royal Circus was opened in November 1782, 
Messrs. Dibdin and Hughes conducting their different 
departments of stage and horsemanship exhibitions, un- 
der the controul and direction of the proprietors, or sub- 
scribers before-mentioned. But being not yet licensed, 
and the winter season coming on, it soon closed, till the 
spring following. 

The entertainments (those of the stage particularly) 
tvere tasty and pleasing, and in the summer season of 
1 783, netted a clear profit of three thousands four hun- 
dred pounds. One moiety of which the proprietors' 
generously divided between Messrs. Dibdin and Hughes, 
and expended the other in further decorations and im- 

But the profits of the entertainments were but a se- 


condary consideration to Hughes. The ring, now alf 
the to??, was allowed to Hughes to make the best ad- 
vantage of he could, as a riding-school; and it soon be- 
came the favourite resort of persons of the first dis- 
tinction, to learn, or practice, equestrian exercises. 
Nay, the generosity of the proprietors towards Hughes 
did not stop here, for other stables, in addition to those 
actually belonging to the Circus, were rented by them 
for his use, which he occupied with horses, either to 
break, or for sale; and it is a well-known fact, that 
the clear profits of the ring, for the first year, yielded 
liughes upwards of one thousand pounds; an advan- 
tage that was likely to improve, rather than diminish, 
but for causes that will presently speak for themselves. 
Poor Hughes was, perhaps, the most extraordinary 
eccentric character upon earth. Litigation was his 
darling passion, for the gratification of which, he 
would cheerfully forego any the most pecuniary ad- 
vantages. That tide in his affairs which was thus ra- 
pidly running on to fortune, he as assiduously stemmed, 
as a man would a breach that was likely to drown him. 
Irascible, turbulent, and indecorous, his whole in- 
dustry was daily employed in searching out object3 of 
contention with his brother manager, of whose supe- 
rior talents he was jealous to a great degree; and the 
subscribers (or his co-proprietors, as he was fond of 
calling them) because they opposed and reproved his 
impetuous temper; and having cultivated an acquaint- 
ance with some of the most abandoned characters in 
the rules of the King's Bench, among whom were seve- 
ral petti-fogging lawyers, (Colonel West, under whom 
his genius was rebuked, dying about this time) actions 
at law, and bills in chancery, engrossed his mind, and 


his very soul was wrapped up in brief sheets, and slips 
of parchment ; and at the end of the second season, 
counselled and assisted with the myrmidons just men- 
tioned, and heading a hired banditti, composed of jail- 
runners, seized upon and dispossessed the proprietors 
of their theatre, which they, for a while, with a most 
unexampled meanness submitted to ; and very soon 
after, his co-manager, Dibdin, through his violent 
usage, and being unprotected, abandoned the theatre, 
leaving him in full possession of the whole property. 

For two seasons, during which a bill in chancery was 
pending between him and the proprietors, did Hughes 
alone conduct the entertainments of the Circus. But, 
alas ! what a foiling off was here. 

is charming theatre, which, under the eye of 
in, bad been iitted up with so much taste and ele- 
gance, became a shocking spectacle of devastation. 
The boxes, the transient resort of beauty and fashion, 
were occupied, by virtue of written orders from our 
.nan chief, by butchers just transmigrated from 
their slaughter-houses, bum-bailiffs, jail-runners, and 
thief- takers, who, (literally to follow Sir John Fat- 
staff's idea) might be " following their vocation," per- 
haps \ and the place was metamorphosed into a mere 

;" Alas ! to what base uses may we turn." 
But a decree in chancery being obtained against 
les, about the latter end of the year 1787, this 
concern was restored to its real, if not original owners. 
For several transfers of shares, and parts of shares, 
had been made, and the firm was now composed of a 
baronet, an Irish earl, a chevalier, a pharo-banker, 
and three honest altornies— a goodly group! 


But now the case was materially altered with re- 
spect to Hughes, whose imprudence and dissipation 
had long deprived him of the resource arising from his 
riding-school ; and articles being entered into between 
him and the proprietors, by order of the court, by 
which one thousand three hundred and five pounds 
per annum was to be allowed to the latter, for interest 
and rent, before any division of profits took place, 
which sum alone was not very likely to be gained, till 
the house had retrieved some portion at least of its 
lost reputation; a liberal weekly pay, for his horses 
and riders, was Hughes's only dependance. 

On the other hand, the proprietors, who Were vested 
with fuller power than ever over Hughes and the whole 
concern, either through fear, diffidence, pusillanimity, 
or for other good causes and considerations, perhaps, 
tamely gave way to his ungovernable temper, and ap- 
pointing Delpini vice Dibdin, stage-manager, opened 
the theatre in 1788, and at the end of the season 
found themselves losers of about three thousand 
pounds. But seeing, too late, that their loss was to 
be attributed to unnecessary and exorbitant expences, 
rather than want of encouragement from the public, 
they, in the following season, delegated their power 
to an agent ; who making a reform in the expences, 
and some alterations and improvements in the house 
and entertainments, in spite of the intractable beha- 
viour of Hughes, who refused to supply the horse- 
manship on any reasonable terms, opened the house 
with stage exhibitions only. But Hughes soon coming 
to terms (though not without causing a riot in the 
house for two successive evenings), the theatre, before 
the end of that season, was raised to the highest pitck 


«f reputation imaginable; insomuch, that the follow- 
ing season brought down the jealousy and vengeance 
of the proprietors of the Theatres Royal; who (to 
their great dishonour it must be recorded) hired a 
trading justice of the peace, and other emissaries, to 
accomplish its ruin. 

Their resentment, however, in about two or three 
years, having subsided, they suffered Hughes, (for the 
proprietors abandoned it as a lost estate to them) to 
open it; but the representatives of Colonel West (who 
was the ground landlord, and lessor of the premises), 
soon ejected him, and then let the theatre. 

Thus did poor, paradoxical Hughes, spurn the good 
fortune that chance (not merit) had thrown in his way, 
and, instead of leaving a plentiful provision for his 
family, died, it is to be feared, in circumstances far 
•from affluent. 


General H— r, who now holds a situation of 
high military trust, was formerly a captain in a regi- 
ment of dragoons, and, like most young officers, had 
more gallantry than cash. An intrigue with (a mar- 
ried lady involved him in the consequences of an action 
for crim. con. and a verdict against him, with 50001. 
damages, when he had not as may shillings, compelled 
liim to quit his country, and take refuge in France. 
He repaired to Calais, at that time the resort of all 
the English who found it convenient to reside on the 
Continent. Lord C. H— n, and several other well- 
known sporting characters, had their head-quarters at 
the principal hotel. No sooner was the arrival of 


Captain H r announced, than a deputation wai 

sent to invite him. The invitation was immediately 
accepted, and Lord H. who was well acquainted with 
the Captain, and knew how passionately fond he was 
of hunting, promised the company a good joke at his 
expence. It happened about this time that a report 
was current of a couple of wolves having made their 
, ranee in the Forest of Guines, and carried off a 
of sheep and a shepherd or two. Upon this theme 
] d C. 1 1. s< i to work. He told the Captain that his 
al was fortunate, as he would have an opportu- 
nity of enjoying his favourite diversion in perfection. 
He added that the neighbouring country was almost 
desolated by a wild boar of most portentous size and 
appearance, and he proposed a hunting match to take 
place the next morning. The proposal was received 
with rapture, and Captain H. prepared himself for the 
chase. He got his hunter and rifle gun ready, and as 
he was told the boar might attempt to run at him, he 
fortified his limbs with a pair of high ' boots which 
reached to his middle. Tims equipped, he was pre- 
pared at all points for the dreadful rencounter. In the 
mean time Lord H. considered, that as the chance of 
finding a wild boar iu the forest of Guines was preca- 
rious, ;t was necessary at least to make sure of a tame: 
one. Accordingly he repaired to a Marchand des Co- 
c/io/16 in Calais, and purchased one of the largest and 
best fed boar pigs he could find. Early in the mora- 
in., he directed his servant to proceed with the boar iu 
a string to the forest of Guines, and stop near the pillar | 
erected to commemorate the fall of Pilatre de Rosier. 
lie instructed him, as scon as he heard the sound of 
hunting horns, to slip the string, let the pig loose, and 



conceal himself by climbing a tree, perfectly assured 
the animal would not wander far. The lad stationed 
himself as was ordered, and about ten o'clock, the gal- 
lant Captain, at the head of a numerous cavalcade, 
advanced to destroy the formidable boar. When the 
troop neared the designated spot, the horns certified 
their approach. The hog was slipped, and, happy in 
regaining his liberty, contented hirmelf with taking his 
breakfast precisely where he was set free. The Cap- 
tain rode boldly on with his rifle ready cocked, and the 
noise of the party disturbing the harmless repast of the 
boar, he began grunting and snorting in the customary 
manner of the swinish race. 

The Captain soon perceived him ; his imagination 
magnified the animal into iy a rugged Hyrcanian boar, 
the tyrant of the woods;" and he conceited himself 
about to rival one of the labours of Hercules. He let 
fly and missed — the pig made off a gra?id pas. The 
Captain followed, loaded, fired, and missed again. 
The third time he was more fortunate. He hit the 
poor pig in the neck, and down he dropped. — The com- 
pany galloping up, the Captain dismounted, and with 
his saore, dexterously cut off the animal's head. It 
was insisted, that as he had achieved the principal ho- 
nour of the chase, he should carry the boar's head in 
triumph through the streets of Calais. A large stake 
was provided, and the head was fixed on the top. The 
Captain, exulting in his victory, remounted, seized the 
standard, .and resting one end on his loot, displayed 
the terrific symbol of his prowess. He entered Calais 
with as much pride as Sir Guy of Warwick, when he 
carried the head of a dragon to Athelstan at Lincoln. 


The good people of the town were amazed at sucli a 
procession, and the Marchand des Cochons, who recog- 
nised the head of his old acquaintance, could not re- 
frain from laughter. The sons of Nimrod arrived at 
their hotel, and sat down to a sumptuous dinner, where 
the Captain was drank to as the valiant Englishman, 
who had not been forty-eight hours in Calais, before 
he had slain the most tremendous boar that ever ra- 
vaged any country. The Captain received their praises 
with becoming modesty, but still he thought within 
himself he merited ten times greater. After din- 
ner, when the glass had circulated freely, the whole 
story was developed, and the circumstances of the ad- 
Venture made manifest. The Captain was at first 
highly mortified and irritated, but at length he was 
fain to purchase the secrecy of the company, and avoid 
being made the talk of the town, by coming down a 
handsome treat, and entertaining, at his own cost, the 
whole of the hunting party. 


Jack Lurehail started upon the town with a fortune 
of near two thousand a-year. He was soon introduced 
into what is called good company ; that is, gentlemen 
gamblers. He thought it a great honour to sit down 
with a star, or a ribbon, and believed it impossible for 
a nobleman to be a cheat. His trees were felled by 
wholesale, the timber converted into cash, and the cash 
conveyed to the gaming-table, never to return. Still 
he kept the best company in England ; and though he 
was unlucky, was certain to lose his money to gentle- 


men. The timber demolished, the dirty acres went 
next; mortgage succeeded mortgage; and at length 
foreclosures, the whole. 

How is all this?" said Jack, to an old school fellow, 
who had been some time in the secret. " Why, you 
blockhead, you knew nothing of the long-shuffle, the 
slip, the bridge, or the palm. Can you cog a die, and 
throw a main when you please ? Did you ever plumb 
the bones?" " Heyday/' said Jack, " what language- 
are you talking ; it is all gibberish to me." 

" That is the very thing/' replied his friend ; " and 
until you are a perfect master of the language, both in 
theory and practice, you will never win as long as you 
live." " Is this possible ?" resumed Jack ; what, then 
I have been playing with sharpers all this while, when 
I thought I was in company with noblemen and gen- 
tlemen of the first rank. Curse upon my vanity ; for 
the sake of riding in a chariot with a titled scoundrel, 
and being taken by the arm by him in the drawing- 
room, have I been losing my estate to noble gamblers, 
and reducing myself to beggary/' 

" Well, never mind it;" said his friend, " you know, 
as the French author justly observes, L'un commence 
par etre dupe, et Von Jink par etrcfripons — ■ We com- 
mence dupes and end knaves/ Call at my chambers 
to-morrow in the forenoon, and I will give you a lesson 
or two that will enable you to cope with the best of 

Jack took his friend's advice, and soon became such 
a proficient in the noble art of cheating, that he could 

cog a die with Lord , or slip a card with Blackleg 


But the greatest misfortune was, his cash was all 
z 2 


exhausted, and he had not a proper variety of clothes 
to make his appearance at the chocolate-house. He 
was, therefore, obliged to put up at the Pine Apple or 
■the Cocoa, in hopes of a favourable stroke that might 
enable him once more to figure in that brilliant circle, 
where he had shone a meteor, but was now totally 

Revenge, as well as ambition urged him to the pur- 
suit.; but months rolled away whilst he could just keep 
lite and soul together, by his honest industry at the ha- 
zard-table. In the meanwhile he had created many- 
debts, and was obliged to play at hide and seek, to avoid 
the impertinence of those very intrusive gentry called 

At length, however an auspicious moment arrived. 
The lottery began drawing; and this appeared to him 
as his last resource. Jack, who had for a considerable 
time made calculation his chief study, and knew prac- 
tically the odds at every game that is played, once 
more became a dupe to the dealers in insurance, and 
played now at least 50 per cent, against himself, with- 
out mentioning the odds against being paid, if even 
successful, though at the same time he would not 
touch a card, or throw a die, unless he had an equal 
pull in his favour— So very inconsistent a being is Jack 
Lure hall 

Two of the office agents had decamped, where he 
should have touched handsomely; a third, in which 
he was pretty deep, was sent to the house of correc- 
tion, before Jack could receive the ready; and a 
fourth, where he next insured, was in a precarious 
atate, when, alas ! a most fatal accident befel poor 


Jack. The bums had dogged him to the office, and at 
the very critical moment he thought he was upon the 
point of retrieving hie fortune, and being completely 
revenged of the noble — no, ignoble — sharps who had so 
completely fleeced him, he was nabbed, and conveyed 
to a spunging-house, where, having exhausted all the 
little cath he was possessed of in a few days, he was 
carefully and attentively escorted to the other side of 
the water r and met with a welcome reception from the 
turn-key of the King's Bench prison, where he remains, 
under the consolation, that he is well assured by his 
fellow inmates, that an act of insolvency will pass this 
session of parliament*. 


There are now in the Tower of London three cu- 
rious animals called chetas, or hunting tigers, .which. 
in the year 1800 were presented by the Court of Di- 
rectors of the East India Company to his Majesty, with 
a hunting-cart, two trained bullocks, and every article 
necessary for the chase. These animals were caught* 
in the woods of Bydroog, they were about three years, 
old, and had been trained for hunting for the amuse- 
ment of Tippoo Suhaun, in ?eringapatam. They 

were accompanied by six native huntsmen, three of 
whom had actually been in the service of the above 

The cheta is the auimal mentioned by Tavernier, 
Bernice, and other eastern travellers, under the name 
of the hunting-leopard ; it diners, however, from the 
leopard properly so called, m the following particu- 
lars: It bears a greater resemblance to the greyhound 


in the length and slenderness of its body and limbs ; its 
head is proportionally smaller than that of the leopard, 
the iris of the eye is of a deeper yellow, and the face is 
distinguished by a dark line, descending from the cor- 
ner of each eye to the mouth. The spots of this ani- 
mal are each distinct, and not arranged in circles. 
The body and limbs — excepting the throat, breast, and 
belly, where a long whitish hair extends — are thickly 
covered with those spots, beautifully varied in size, of a 
round, or oval shape, of a fine dark colour, on aground 
of a light tawny brown. — The ears, which are short 
and round, are each marked behind with a broad dark 
bar; and the tail, which is long, slender, and some- 
what bushy at the extremity, is marked with four such 
bars from the lip upwards. 

The cheta differs much in dispositiow from the leo- 
pard, being easily broken in and trained for the chase; 
though, like other animals of the same species, it at 
times evinces the jealousy and malignity of its nature. 
Its keeper approaches to caress it with diffidence and 
caution, and it is led to the chase chained and hood- 
winked. 12 

The size of the full-grown cheta is, from the nose to 
the extremity of the tail, about three feet eight inches, 
and its height, from the ground to the top of the shoul- 
der, two feet four inches. 

When Tippoo Sultaun took the amusement of hunt- 
ing with these chetas, he was generally in the field at 
sun-rise accompanied by his two sons, and a few cour- 
tiers and favourites. The chase was conducted under 
the superintendance of a chief huntsman, called Meer 
Shikar, and several attendants. Very little state was 
observed on the occasion, and none were present but 


those who received particular invitations. Each cheta 
was carried on a light cart, drawn by two bullocks 
trained for the purpose; the huntsman of each was 
seated on his respective cart, and the other attendants 
followed it close on foot. The carts moved in regular 
succession, and the chief huntsman conducted the 
leading cart ; the cheta, as we observed before, hood- 
winked. The spectators and sportsmen keep close to 
the carts, and preserve the most profound silence, in 
order to avoid alarming the game. On discovering a 
herd of deer, they proceed with greater caution, and 
take such a position as to oblige the antelope to run 
up hill or over broken ground. When they arrive 
within four or five hundred yards of the game, the men 
on foot turn thecheta's head towards the antelope, un» 
cover his eyes, and then let him loose. The cheta 
continues to be very cautious till he is within two hun- 
dred yards of the antelope; he then gets bolder, begins 
to run, and follows his prey wiih the greatest rapidity 
for three or four hundred yards, when he is either suc- 
cessful or gives up the chase. If the cheta has been 
successful, after seizing the antelope, he holds it by the 
back with his mouth in such a manner as not to hurt 
it, and keeps the prey down on the ground till the 
keeper arrives ; he is then hoodwinked, the throat of 
the antelope is cut, and a leg or two is given to the 
cheta as his reward. 

A cheta will run two or three times in a day, and he 
always selects the largest buck of the herd. — In large 
herds two or three chetas are let out, and then the sport 
is highly diversified and interesting. 

z 4 



The Carcajou, a species of cat, is a carnivorous 
animal, and inhabits the coldest parts of North Ame- > 
rica. Its weight is generally from 25 to 35 pounds. 
It is about two feet in lenath, from the end of the 
snout to the tail, which is about eight inches long. 
Its head is very short and thick in proportion to the 
rest of its body; the eyes very small; the jaws very 
strong, and furnished with 32 very sharp teeth. Nut- 
withstanding it is small, it is very strong and furious ; 
andrthough carnivorous, it is so slow and heavy, that it 
crawls upon the snow rather than walks upon it. One 
"ttojld scarce conceive from this description, that this 
is a rapacious beast of prey. 

As it walks it can catch no other animal than the 
beaver, which in' its motion is as slow as itself; and 
that must be in summer, when the beaver is out of its 
cabin ; but in winter it can only destroy the cabin, and 
by that means surprise the beaver; which, though per- 
formed with great vivacity, very seldom succeeds ; be- 
cause the beaver, if it receives the slightest warning, 
has its sure retreat under the ice. However, as the 
beaver, even in the winter, goes into the woods, to 
seek for fresh provisions, which he likes better than 
stale, the carcajou may, and frequently does, attack 
him there. 

In the woods, the carcajou hides itself among the 
branches of the trees till it finds an opportunity of 
leaping on the back of its prey. — The chase that is 
im>st successful to him is that of the elk and caribou.* 

• Guthrie, in his Geographical Grammar, observes, " The car 


The elk chuses in winter a place where grows a quan- 
tity of the anagyris fueiiia, or slinking bean trefoil, be- 
cause it feeds upon it; and remains there unless it is 
pursued by the hun'ers. The carcajou having once 
observed the elk's, road climbs up a tree near which he 
must pass, and from thence leaps upon him, and seizes 
his throat in a moment. In vain does the poor elk lie 
down upon the ground, or rub himself against the trees 
for nothing will make the carcajou let go his hold; and 
the hunters have sometimes found pieces of their skirt- 
as large as a hand, that have stuck to the tree against 
which the elk has rubbed himself, in hopes of shaking, 
off his devouring enemy. 

The caiibou, also a prey to this voracious animal, is 
a species ot deei fouud chiefly about Hudson's Bay; it 
is something iess than the moose deer, but stronger in 
its make.— I bete animals are seen in prodigious flocks 
during i he summer months aoout the Danish river, and 
Port Nelson, and die remarkably swift*. 'Their hoofs 
are flat and large, and furnished with very coarse hair 
between the divisions* which hinders them from sinking, 
into the suow, on ifcfe surface ot which they run as 
swiftly as on firm gpound^ 

When it infra its the thick woods it makes its roads- 
in winter like the elk, and is in the same manner 
attacked by the carcajou, who noes not chase the cari- 
bou, but in places he dexterously leaps upon him from 
the branch of a tree, fixes himself near its neck, and 
immediately opens the jugular vein with his teeth, by 

cajou suspends himself by his long tail from the bough of a tree, 
and darts on the back of the caribou as he passes under its 


which the animal bleeds to death, and the carcajou 
feeds upon his flesh at leisure. The caribou has but 
one method of escaping from its enemy, and that is by 
jumping into the water, which the carcajou cannot 
bear, and immediately quits his hold. 


On the late mh, dawson. 
While Honest Frank Dawson has giv'n up the ghost. 
The good Matthew Dodsworth comes blown to the post. 
Alas ! what avails all our training and feeding, 
When a check so uncivil is put to — good breeding. 
But life is a course, and whatever our pace, 
When death drops the flag, there's an end ©f the race ; 
But the grave to the racer renews his life past, 
For the turf had him first, and the turf has him last. 
Then no more at the Irishman's toast let us wonder, 
" Long life to the turf, whether over or under." 


Th e choice of a horse is a very great essential to- 
wards enjoying this diversion in perfection; and of 
proper animals for this purpose there are two kinds.— 
The one, the full blood horse, as light made as possi- 
ble, for those that wish to lead the field, and take im- 
mense leaps; for who is so ignorant as not to know, 
that the lighter an animal is made, the higher it is able 
to leap ; and by having less weight of its own to carry, 
to undergo fatigue the best? — The other kind of horse 
is the largest kind of waggon-horse; for then, if the 
sportsman does not wish tojfy any leaps, the size and 
power of his steed will enable him to break through 
almost all without leaping. It is a good thing that the 


horse should already have his wind broken, for then 
you may ride him as fast as you can flog him on, with- 
out any fear of any accident of this kind ; besides that, 
the violence of his panting after severe exercise, keep- 
ing his body in motion, thereby prevents him from 
taking cold by cooling too suddenly. I should parti- 
cularly recommend a blind horse ; for then, being igno- 
rant of what kind of leaps he has to take, he will never 
be careless, but always do his best for fear of falling 
short ; and also is in no danger of losing time, by 
taking fright, and swerving from the track. 

In order to ride to the greatest advantage, very long 
stirrups are useful, and always a very sharp curb bridle 
and martingal, that the horse may always be under 
complete command ; particularly to hold him tight in 
over a leap, and check him severely when he puts his 
fore legs to the ground again. If a horse is broken- 
knee'd, so much the better leaper will he be ; for his 
knees being sore, he will be afraid of hitting the sore- 
place against his leaps, and will clear them well. With 
regard to the dress of the rider — I would by no means 
advise a short coat, but one as long as possible, to co- 
ver the knees well if it should rain. The best colour, 
as being farthest seen, is undoubtedly, white; though 
ignorant people prefer scarlet or green. The foolish 
cap at present in vogue, will, no doubt, soon be sup- 
pressed by the use of the cocked hat; made in such a 
way, that the hind flap may let down, to keep the 
rain from the neck in wet weather. The old French 
jack-boot is a capital thing for keeping out wet, and 
thorns, when you brush through a hedge. The longer 
the spur the better. Perhaps, for the huntsman, a 


four-in-hand whip would be very useful, to flog the 
foremost hounds. 

Before you go out in the morning the horses should 
be stuffed with as much corn as they can eat, and r.e- 
mernber to drench them well with water, that they may 
have a good quantity in their stomachs to last them all 
day. Early in the day, ride as hard as possible, to 
get the horse on his legs a little ; and take care to keep 
galloping about whenever there is a check, or you are 
drawing for a fresh fox. The hounds cannot be too 
much called to — it puts them, of course, in spirits.— 
If your horse is fleet enough, get up to the leading 
hounds when running, and keep laying lustily on them 
with your whip to keep them going. High winds are 
very favourable for scent, and rainy stormy weather, 
as it keeps the horses so cool. If a hare is found when 
your pack is running a fox, let them follow and kill 
her, by all means, as it gives them spirits for the rest 
of the chase. Flogging well in the morning, before 
the dogs go out, is a good thing in terrorem, as it lets 
them know what to expect if they behave ill. When 
the chase is over, take care not to give the pack nor 
your horses too much meat, that they may sleep bet- 
ter, and recruit after their fatigue. 


A short time since was carried to his grave, the 
celebrated farming foxhunter of the East-Riding of 
Yorkshire, at the advanced age of nearly ninety. It 
would be a kind of treason against sporting, not to re- 
scue in some sort his memory from oblivion; for if 


ever a man loved hunting li with all his soul, and all 
his strength," and died game at the last, Malt. Hors- 
ley was that hunter. On a small farm he contrived, 
from time to time, to bring into the field, to show off 
there, and to sell afterwards at good prices as many 
good horses as ever perhaps belonged to one person ; 
for in the course of nearly a century, he had hunted 
with three generations. But this was not all his 
praise. He had a natural vein of humour and faceti- 
ousness, which the quaintness of a strong Yorkshire 
dialect heightened still more ; and some greater men, 
who were his neighbours, wished to trample him 
down — poor man ! he sometimes put aside the effects 
of ill-humour, bv good-humour of his own. But as the 
bards from Menander down to Oliver Goldsmith, 
were of opinion that a line of verse was twice as long 
remembered as a line of prose, we have subjoined in 
doggrel rhyme, a sketch of the character of 


Matt Hoksley is gone! a true sportsman from birth. 

After all his long chases he's taken to eartii ; 

Full of days, fulloi whim, and good humour he died, 

The farmer's delight and the fox-hunter s pride ! 

And tho' the small conuoris ot lite's private hour 

Were otten encro«tch'd on by rank and by power* 

And tho' his plain means could imt poorly afford 

To cope with the squire or contend with a lord — 

Yet Matt the shai p arrows of malice stiil broke, 

In his quaint Yorkshire way, by a good-humour'd joke, 

Till fourscore and ten, he continued life's course : 
Aad for seventy long ^eaia ue made part of his horsej 


From the days of old Draper, who rose in the dark, 
Matt hunted thro' life to the days of Sir Mark* 
With Hunmanby's squiref he was first in the throng, 
And with hard Harry Foordf never thought a day long ; 
If the fox would but run, every bog it was dry 
No leap was too large — no Wold hill was too high : 
Himself still in wind, tho' his steed might want breath, 
He was then, as he's now, ever " in at the death," 
A lough hearty saplin from liberty's tree, 
If ever plain Yorkshireman lived — it was he. 

But at last honest Matt has bid sporting adieu, 

Many good things he uttered ; — one good thing is true, 

"That aw'd by no frowns, above meanness or pelf — 

No bad thing could ever be said of himself." 

As honest Matt Horsley is gone to repose— 

And he and the foxes no longer are foes ! 

Lay one brush on his grave ! — it will do his heart good : 

For so vermin his nature — so true was his blood, 

That but stand o'er his sod — Tally-ho ! be your strain, 

Matt Horsley will wake and will hollow again. 

* Sir M. Masterman Sykes-— whose hounds are almost as po- 
pular as the owner of them ; and for whom every man, who can, 
preserves a fox. 

f Humphrey Osbaldeston, Esq. who in his day, and in the days 
of Isaac Granger, who was his huntsman, had one of the best 
packs of fox-hounds in England. 

% Harry Foord, a former vicar of Fox-holes on the Wolds, es- 
teemed one of the best gentleman riders in England — and who 
preserved that true character in riding, never to avoid what was 
necessary, or to do that which was not. He therefore rode, 
through ten seasons, two as good horses as ever went into a field 
•-though riding 14 stone. 




" I happened lately to pay a visit to a friend of 
mine in the country, who is the Nimrod of the parish 
where he resides. Before dinner, as we were amusing 
ourselves with a walk in one of his inclosures, and 
viewing his excellent breed of horses, our attention 
was called off to a numerous flock of crows and other 
birds very clamorous in the air ; they seemed to be 
in eager pursuit of some notorious enemy of the ter- 
restrial kind : and now and then would dart down and 
attack with great bitterness and fury. As a sight 
of this kind was quite new to me, I was just asking 
what creature it could be, who thus provoked against 
itself the hostile commotion of the fowls of heaven ; 
when my friend sprung away, hallooing to a brace of 
greyhounds, a pointer, and a couple of terriers, that 
attended us : and crying to me, while he pointed to 
the crows, ' Ecce signum, A fox, by Jupiter/ 

•' In no period of my life, could I ever boast my 
swiftness in running; but at this juncture, I was par- 
ticularly unfortunate with the incumbrance of a 
pair of boots and breeches, which for their — I had 
almost said antiquity — might have claimed kindred 
to those of the famous knight of LaMancha, otherwise 
ycleped the redoubted Don Quixote ; so that before I 
could penetrate a thorn hedge ; crawl over a broad 
miry ditch, with addition of some gilding to my clothes; 
and arrive within vision of the chase, at the expence 


of much respiration ; the sport was terminated by the 
capture of reynard : who, likn myself, was to be sure 
alive, but horribly soiled, mangled, and out of breath. 
Thei) it was his feathered persecutors finished the pur- 
suit, and dispersed to their several habitations, no 
doubt very well pleased, that their implacable foe had 
fallen inlo the hands of one who knew so well how to 
punish offenders, in two of the elements at least. 

" On this occasion, the joy that shone in my friend's 
countenance, was such, as 1 dare to say, could not be 
surpassed by that of a British general, were the fortune 
of war to throw into his power the sly French fox 
Buonaparte; who seems, however, conscious of bet- 
ter policy, than to quit his den when not forced by the 
most urgent necessity. Be that as it may, having se- 
cured our prisoner, we set homeward ; and by the 
way, fell discoursing upon the superior cunning of 
foxes to all other animals known in this country. * In 
proot of this,' said my friend, 4 i was witness some 
years ago, to a remarkable long chase with an old fox, 
when the hounds losing the scent, stopped short of a 
sudden at a solitary cottage. Every corner, cranny, 
and piece of furniture was narrowly ransacked, even 
to the. smoky vent, but no where could the sly 
rogue be discovered. By order of the huntsman, the 
dogs were then led iff toa considerable distance, in 
order to attempt discovering the foot, which having 
effected, they run it straight back to the hut again, 
where their noses were finally arrested. 

" * Now convinced one and all of us, that he must 
forcertaiu be about the house, and no where else, our 
astonishment at his concealing himself was only to b* 



equalled by the difficulty of finding him ; and there 
were not wanting some among us, particularly the 
huntsman and whipper-in, who declared it as their 
opinion, that, unless an old woman, the lone inhabi- 
tant of the cottage, was set adrift, we should unkennel 
no fox there that day ; believing Goody to be no other 
than a witch, whom, in the shape of a fox, we had 
thus hunted into her dwelling, where she found it 
highly necessary to resume the human figure for the 
security of her person. In short Sir/ continued my 
friend, * we were perplexed with difficulties, that 
I know not what might have befallen this poor cottage, 
had not the huntsman roared aloud, * Ha ! now I 
1 smoke him. Are you there "Niger? Gem'men, mark 
' the sly son of a bitch upon the house-top.* There ha 
hud dug a pit, wherein, it is most probable, he had 
escaped undiscovered, but for a small portion of his 
back, which appearing above, and differing somewhat 
in colour from the turf on the roof of the house, was 
the cause of his detection and mortality. 

" * Nay, (proceeded this gentleman), as a further 
instance of the singular instinct in these animals ; the 
minister of the parish last year, was served a trick to 
the full as cunning, as that I have now mentioned, by 
a fox, which 1 suspect to be the very one now in cus- 
tody. After devouring several of his poultry for two 
nights successively, the family determined to watch 
the enemy the night following — Agreeably to their 
wishes, he came back once more; and, though they 
made quick preparation to secure their prisoner, from 
the time the geese and hens began a gaggling and cack~ 
ling, which was known to be a token of his having con>s 


menced the act of plundering and bloodshed ; yet, lip* 
on entering the hen roost with the utmost caution, my 
gentleman had actually found time to kill three of 
Mass John's fat ganders; and afterwards, to become 
himself invisible. The most minute search, with a 
variety of lights, was to no purpose ; so that, ima- 
gining reynard had given them the slip, the minister 
had already opened the door, and was preparing to 
retire with his attendants, when, taking up the slaugh- 
tered geese, out stole from below them, the cunning 
object of their exploration, and bid good night to hi§ 
enemies in full safety. 

A variety of other stories, relating to foxes and the 
chase, this communicative gentleman entertained me 
with ; and I know his veracity to be unquestionable. 
But I am afraid by this time, you will think my literary 
pursuit sufficiently protracted ; and that it is full time 
now, to quit the field with my fox and hounds, in or» 
der to make room for othe:s, being uo more than jus- 
tice, that, " Every fox should have hi& shift, and 
every dog his day/' 


The late Lord Camelford purchased, a short time 
before his death, Mr. Mellish's celebrated fighting dog. 
This animal, wtio was as renowned for his battles as 
Buonaparte, was originally the property of fighting 
Humphreys; he next came into the possession of fight- 
ing Johnson, by whom he was dearly beloved and ad- 
mired; his next owner was fighting Ward, who sold 
him a few years ago to Mr. Mellisb, for twenty gut- 


neas. His lordship, being fascinated with the bold 
feats and the spirited demeanour of the animal, pro- 
posed to buy him, and Mr. Mellish consented to sell 
him in the carcase way. The dog was accordingly 
put into the scale, after a good hearty dinner of tripe, 
and was found to weigh forty-two pounds. The price 
agreed upon was two guineas per pound, so that the 
purchase-money amounted to eighty-four guineas. 
This was satisfied in the following manner : — A favou- 
rite gun, belonging to his lordship, value forty guineas, 
and a case of pistols value forty-four guineas. It 
would have been an insult to this noble animal to have 
paid the purchase in money, and therefore, in a man- 
ner exchanged for these warlike articles. He was 
known by the name of Belcher ; bad fought 104 bat- 
tles, and had never been beat. A more warlike pe- 
digree, or nobler blood, could not be boasted by any 
of the canine race in England. To his other great and 
good qualities, he added a singular instinct, by which 
he was enabled to know a brave man from a coward ; 
and he was as much attached to the former, as he dis- 
liked the latter. His lordship was so pleased with his 
purchase, that he declared no money should part bin* 
and his dog. 


This celebrated sporting character, is descended 
from an illustrious Scottish family, several of his an- 
cestors having been intermarried with the blood royal 
of the Caledonian kings. Many of this high race have 
held high and honourable situations in the country 


which gave them birth ; and since their residence in- 
this, they have been noticed with particular attention 
by our sovereigns. 

On the death of his father, the last earl, his lordship- 
succeeded to the family estates, and became well 
known both in London and at Newmarket, during al- 
most fifty years, by the familiar name of Lord March* 
Being very young when he came to his title, and enter- 
ing early into the world, it so happened that he form- 
ed a decided and almost unconquerable taste for the 
amusements of the turf. Indeed the situation of a 
young nobleman, when he first starts in life, may be 
said to be peculiarly painful; for, being brought up to 
no useful or honourable profession, and seldom accus- 
somed, until maturer years have ripened his judgment, 
to assume the character of a senator, occupations of a 
more gay and volatile nature too frequently engross 
bis attention, and not seldom engulpb his fortune. 

The late Duke of Bedford, one of the most amiable 
and high-minded men of his age, exhibits the most sa- 
tisfactory proof that genius and abilities of. the first 
class are not exempt from failings of this kind, and 
that even an intercourse with grooms, and a certain, 
degree of familiarity with the stable, does not always 
preclude the exercise of talents, or the practice of the 
most distinguished virtues. 

While yet a boy, the Earl of March is reported to 
have acquired a certain species of distinction, by his 
gallantries in the capital, and his exploits at the race- 
ground ; and he shone at once the meteor of the turf, 
and the drawing-room. A handsome person, of which 
lie has been particularly careful, joined to a splendid 


equipage, a title, and a fortune, all of which were 
heightened by manners highly polished, and conversa- 
tion that seemed bewitching, ensured to him the smiles 
of the fair. But however he might occasionally cull 
from the parterre of beauty, the subject of these me- 
moirs had neither then nor since selected a matrimo- 
nial bouquet for his own use. To one lady, indeed, 
who had been allured from the genial clime of Italy, 
by the blandishments of an operatic life, and the hopes 
of a splendid fortune, his lordship is said to have been 
long and warmly attached. This temporary connec- 
tion, indeed, gave birth to many jokes, as a celebrated 
man of wit* of that da}', was supposed to have en- 
joyed a species of co-partnership in the smiles of the 
fair warbler. 

But if this nobleman has never yet led a willing 
partner to the temple of Hymen, it is neither the fault 
of the beauties of the present nor a former age, as 
many of our young ladies doubtless burn with the 
same ardour for wealth, splendour, and a ducat coro- 
net, that their grandmothers and great granddames 
exhibited half a century ago. It must, therefore, be, 
-and assuredly is, the particular fancy of this peer, him- 
self, that has precluded a species of alliance which 
would have ensured legitimate heirs to his large for- 
tune and numerous titles. , 

In another line, to which we have also alluded be- 
fore, this nobleman has been particularly fortunate. 
Although, like an illustrious duke, whose name has 
already been mentioned, he possessed a great attach- 

# The late George Selwyn, Esq, 


ment to the pleasures of the turf, yet he never was the 
pre}- of sharpers. Indeed both of these noblemen 
may be supposed to have descended on the race ground,, 
completely armed, in the same manner that Minerva 
proceeded from the head of Jupiter ; and of one of 
them in particular, it might be said, even while a 
boy — 

" In troth thou'rt able to instruct grey hairs, 
And teach the wily African." 

But in order to prevent pillage it became necessary 
for Lord March to place no reliance whatever upon 
jockeys, to trust all to himself, and to depend solely 
upon his own ability and exertions. Two memorable 
achievements of this kind will never be forgotten by 
the disciples of the whip. The first occurred in 1756, 
when his lordship, properly accoutred, in his velvet 
cap, red silk jacket, buckskin breeches, and long spurs, 
not only bucked his own horse for a considerable sum, 
but actually rode him. 

This contest, which took place on the race-ground 
at Newmarket, when the earl had attained his twenty 
sixth year, was not, however, with an inferior, either 
in blood or fortune; for his antagonist, on this occa- 
sion, was no less a person than a Scotch nobleman, 
addicted to the same sports as himself, and whose fa- 
mily, like his own, had been allied to the kings of his 
native country. This trial of skill between the Achilles 
and the Hector of horsemen, of course attracted the 
notice of the public, and the ground was covered at 
an early hour with all the fashionables of that period. 
Lord March, thin, agile, and admirably qualified both 


y skill and make, for exertion, was l^e victor of the 
day : tohiin was given the meed of fame, and the re- 
ward of activity ; and no conqueror of the Olympic 
games ever received greater plaudits. 

The other contest was with an Irish gentleman-, 
usually known by the appellation of Count O i ate, 
much celebrated about the middle of the last century 
for his bets and his oddities. In consequence of a 
conversation at a sporting meeting, relative to running 
against time, it was suggested by the Eail of March, 
that it was possible for a carriage to be drawn with a 
degree ot celerity hitherto unexampled and almost in- 
credible.* Being drsired to name his maximum, he un- 
dertook, provided he had the choice of his ground, and 
a certain time for training, to draw a machine with 
four wheels not less than nineteen miles within the space 
of sixty minutes. As it had been already discovered,' 
that a race horse might be urged to such a degree of 
speed, as to run over a mile in a minute, this, which 
allowed about three to a carriage, did not appear so 
surprising to the knowing ones for a short space of 
time ; but the continuance of such a rapid motion 
during a whole hour, staggered their belief, and many 
of them were completely outwitted. 

As much depended on the lightness of the machine, 
application was made to an ingenious coach- maker — 
Wright — in Long Acre, who exhausted all the re- 
sources of his art to diminish the weight and friction 
as much as possible ; and silk is said to have been re- 
curred to in the construction of the harness, instead of 
leather. It then became necessary, to select four 
blood horses of approved speed, and, what was far 
more difficult to procure, two honest groom boys — 


Erret and another — of small weight and tried skill, t» 
manage them. The course at Newmarket having been 
pitched upon for the trial, a mile was marked out 
there; and, although several horses are said to have 
been killed in training, yet it soon became evident that 
the project was feasible. 

On the arrival of the appointed day — August 29, 
3 750 — which was to decide bets to the amount of 
many thousands pounds, the noble and ignoble game- 
sters repaired to the spot pitched upun : the jockeys 
mounted ; the carriage, constructed partly of wood 
and partly of whalebone, was put in motion, and, 
rushing on with a velocity almost rivalling the pro- 
gress of sound, darted within the appointed time to the 
goal ! 

On the demise of George II. the Eail of March was 
appointed one of the lords of the bedchamber to his 
present Majesty, which place he held until the year 
3 789, when, giving his vote to the famous regency 
business, in support of the Prince of Wales, in opposi- 
tion to the premier, after a service of nearly thirty 
years, he was dismissed from his employment. To 
one enjoying his immense wealth, a circumstance of 
this kind, at least in a pecuniary point of view, could 
not give a moment's uneasiness ; and to the writer of 
this article, who has beheld him acting in what seemed 
to be a painful official situation, his dismission appears 
in the nature of a triumph, rather than in that of a 

But there is no accounting for the feelings of others; 
and an apprenticeship at court might have, perhaps, 
rendered the dismal red brick, and dark cloisters of 
St. James's dear to those accustomed to traverse the 


apartments of this gloomy and monastic pile. In such 
a case, an arrow shot from the hand of royalty, al- 
though perhaps pointed by another, might inflict an 
Acteon like wound — 

haret laleri lethalis arundo. 

The late Lord Bute, who is said to have been in no 
small degree partial to his countrymen, took the Earl 
of March under his patronage at an early period of 
life, and, in addition to the situation already alluded 
to, exerted his influence, in another point of view ; 
for, in tl e beginning of the present reign, his lordship 
was elected one of the sixteen peers of Scotland, and 
continued to enjoy that honour, in about six succes- 
sive parliaments, until it became unnecessary in con- 
sequence of his attainment of an English barony. 

At length, on the demise of the late Duke of Queens- 
berry, the Earl of March succeeded to that title, and 
at the same time, obtained a very considerable addi- 
tion to a foitune already very ample, particularly a 
very valuable estate in Wiltshire. Other honours 
were also showered down upon his Grace, for he was 
elected a knight of the thistle. He also obtained a 
place of some emolument, that of Vice- admirable of 
Scotland, which he afterwards resigned in behalf of 
his old and intimate friend, as well as opposite neigh- 
bour, Lord William Gordon: and, in 178ft he be- 
came an English peer, by the style and title of Baron 

Many jokes have been levelled at his grace, and 
some of the diurnal writers seem to have actually lived 
at his expence ; yet he appears to have invariably ex- 
hibited a generous foibearance, and was perhaps one 
2 a 


of the first to laugh at the rude puns, and coarse al- 
lusions, which have taken place relative to him. 

In point of fortune the duke is affluent ; for he not 
only possesses immense estates, but is said to keep a 
larger sum of ready money at his banker's, than any 
other nobleman or gentleman in the kingdom. He has 
been enabled to obtain a degree of wealth necessary 
for his independence, by means of a well regulated 
economy. He is not a churl, however, either in his 
table or his appearance ; for no one entertains his 
friends with more hospitality, or exhibits a greater 
number of splendid carriages, well dressed servants, 
and rich liveries, on gala occasions. 

His grace appears almost every fine morning, in 
front of his house in Piccadilly, sitting in a cane-chair, 
in the balcony, enjoying the sight of the passengers ^ 
and, if we are to credit report, not wholly insensible 
to female charms. He resides next door to the Earl 
of Yarmouth, whose lady was brought up under his 
immediate inspection, whom he has always cherished 
with a certain degree of paternal affection, and to 
whom, if we are to believe report, he intends to be- 
queath a considerable part of his fortune. 

Formerly, when it was the fashion to dress in a 
splendid manner, his grace complied with the custom 
of the day ; but now that good sense begins to prevail, 
in respect to the decoration of person, he conforms to 
the temper of the times, wisely preferring elegance to 
tawdry finery. 

The duke possesses a very fine taste for music. He 
does not indeed, we believe, like his friend the late 
Lord Kellie, who attained an unrivalled excellence on 
the violin, delight in instrumental; but we know that 


he is an eminent judge of vocal performance, and has 
attained such a facility in the science, as to be able to 
hum the songs and accompaniments of any new opera 
in his way home from the Haymarket. Pie himself 
has also been known occasionally to accompany a lady 
on the harpsichord ; and even to exhilarate the festivi- 
ty of a convivial meeting, by a solo of his own. 

The duke of Queensberry spends a great portion of 
the year in the metropolis ; and indeed, the view of 
the Green Park from his house can scarcely be equal- 
led, in point of mere scenery, by any portion of the 
kingdom. Having rendered his residence larger and 
more commodious, by a stair-case to the basement 
story, he may be seen every forenoon, either ascend- 
ing from this, or descending, by means of a little iron 
stair-case, to reach his vis-a-vis, mount his little black 
forester, or get into a single-hori?e chaise, which ap- 
pears to have more of the antico nwdi-nio than any 
thing appertaining to him. About five o'clock in the 
summer, he generally drives in a sociable to his house 
at Richmond, which is built upon the margin of the 
Thames, and so situated as to command a beautiful 
prospect both by land and water. There he spends 
the evening in festivity, enjoying the sound of music, 
surrounded by friends male and female, and not un- 
mindful oi the second line of the celebrated distich of 
Martial — 

" Balnea, Vina, Venus consuraunt corpora nostra, 
Sed vitarn faciunt Balnea, Vina, Venus." 

His grace was formerly acccustomed to make longer 
excursions, and to spend several weeks at a time at 
his seat at Amesbury, in the immediate neighbourhood 
2 a 2 


of Stonehenge. It was once the residence of that Du- 
chess of Queensberry who acquired no common share 
of celebrity by her patronage of Gay. 

He is ground landlord of the town of Amesbury, 
and also lord of the manor. The house is a noble 
building, like all those built by Inigo Jones, who was 
the architect ; and the present possessor must be al- 
lowed to have made great improvements in the 
grounds, having not only enlarged them, but planted 
an adjoining hill, at the foot of which the Avon beau- 
tifully meanders, after passing through the gardens. 

Nor ought it to be omitted, that he has generously 
appropriated this charming seat to the victims of devo- 
tion; and thus proved, by a noble action, that if his 
Grace the Duke of Queensberry has not zeal sufficient 
to found a nunnery, he has at least munificence and 
generosity enough to protect a few antiquated devotees, 
who consider seclusion from mankind as absolutely 
necessary for their salvation ! 


Tins extraordinary character and eminent sports- 
man was born on the 13th of March, 1770, in the 
parish of St. Margaret, at Leicester. From the 
extraordinary bulk to which Mr. Lambert has attain- 
ed, the reader may naturally be disposed to enquire 
whether his parents were persons of remarkable dimen- 
sions. This was not the case, nor was any of his fa- 
mily inclined to corpulence excepting an uncle and 
an aunt on the father's side, who were both very hea- 
vy. The former died during the infancy of Lambert, 
in the capacity of game-keeper, to the Earl of Slam- 


ford, to whose predecessor his father had been hunst- 
man in early life. The family of Mr. Lambert senior, 
consisted, besides Daniel, of another son, who died 
young, and two daughters who are still living, and 
are both women of common size. 

The habits of the subject of this memoir were not ia 
any resper.t different from those of other young persons 
till the age of fourteen. Even at that early period he 
was strongly attached to all the sports of the field. 
This, however, was only the natural effect of a very 
obvious cause, aided probably by an innate propensity 
to those diversions. We have already mentioned the 
profession of his father and his uncle, and have yet to 
observe, that his maternal grandfather was a great 
cock-fighter. Born and bred, as it were, among hor- 
ses, dogs, cocks, and all the other appendages of 
sporting, in the pursuits of which he was encouraged, 
even in his childhood, it cannot be matter of wonder 
that he should be passionately fond of all those exer- 
cises and amusements which are comprehended under 
the denomination of field sports, as well as of racing, 
cocking and fishing. 

Brought up under the eye of his parents till the age 
of fourteen, young Lambert, was then placed with Mr. 
Benjamin Patrick, in the manufactory of Taylor and 
Co. at Birmingham, to learn the business of a die- 
sinker and engraver. This establishment, then one 
of the most flourishing in that opulent town, was af- 
terwards destroyed in the riots of J 795, by which 
the celebrated Dr. Priestly was so considerable a suf- 

Owing to the fluctuations to which all those manu- 
factures that administer to the luxuries of the comma- 
2 a a 


nity are liable from the caprices of fashion, the wares, 
connected with the profession, which had been cho- 
sen for young Lambert, ceased to be in request. Buc- 
kles were all at once proscribed, and a total revolu- 
tion took place at the same period in the public taste 
with respect to buttons. The consequence was, that 
a numerous class of artizans were thrown out of em- 
ployment, and obliged to seek a subsistence in a 
different occupation. Among these was Lambert, 
who had then served only four years of his apprentice- 

Leaving Birmingham, he returned to Leicester to 
his father, who held the situation of keeper of the pri- 
son in that town. Soon afterwards, at the age of 
nineteen, he began to imagine that he should be a 
heavy man, but had not previously perceived any in- 
dications that could lead him to suppose he should 
ever attain the excessive corpulence for which he i& 
mow distinguished. He always possessed extraordi- 
nary muscular power, and at the time we are speaking 
of, could lift great weights, and carry five hundred 
weight with ease. Mad his habits been such as to 
bring his strength into action, he would doubtless have 
been an uncommonly powerful num. 

That he was not deficient either in physical strength 
or in courage, is demonstrated by the following ad- 
venture, in which he was about this period engaged. 

Standing one day in his father's house at Leicester, 
liis attention was attracted by a company of Savoyards, 
with their dancing dogs and bears, surrounded by an 
immense concourse of spectators. While they were 
exhibiting, a dog which had formerly been accustom- 
ed to travel with a similar company of these grotesque. 


performers, and now belonged to the county goaler, 
hearing the sound, flew furiously upon a very larg* 
bear, whose overbearing force, and weight soon crush- 
ed him to the ground. " Give her tooth," said the Sa- 
voyards-, irritated at the interruption of their exhibi- 
tion, and making preparations to take off the muzzle 
of the bear. Mr. Lambert being acquainted with the 
master of the dog, and knowing that, in this case, the 
animal would be exposed to certain destruction, went 
out, and addressed the people with the intention of 
pacifying them, and prevailing upon them to suffer the 
dog to be taken away. Deaf to all his remonstrances, 
one of the Savoyards, still persisted in pulling off the 
muzzle, the dog being all this time underneath, and in 
the grasp of the bear. Enraged at the fellow's obsti- 
nacy, he protested he would kill the bear if it lay in 
his power, and snatching from the man's hand the pad- 
dle or pole with which they manage these animals, at 
the moment when the muzzle was removed, he struck, 
the bear with all his force, fully intending to dispatch 
her if possible. Bruin was for a moment completely 
stunned with the blow, and the dog seized that oppor- 
tunity of disengaging himself from her clutches. En- 
raged at this fresh attack, she turned towards her new 
antagonist, who kept repeating his strokes, but with- 
out being able to hit her head, which she protected 
from his blows with ail the dexterity of the most ac- 
complished pugilist. During these successive attacks, 
the dog, faithful to the friend who had so opportunely 
stepped to his aid, continued to exhibit the most as- 
tonishing proofs of undaunted intrepidity, till he was 
at length caught up by one of the by-standers. The 
weather was frosty, and the pavement was slightly 


glazed from the trundling of a mop. Here, while thus 
busily engaged in belaboring his formidable foe, Lam- 
bert fell, but rose again with the utmost agility. Bruin 
was now close to him ; he had a full view of her tre- 
mendous teeth, and felt the heat from her breath. 
The danger became pressing, and as his shaggy foe 
was too near to admit of his using the weapon, he 
struck her with his left hand such a violent blow on 
the skull, as brought her to the ground ; on which she 
declined the contest, and " yelling fled." Dnring the 
fray, a smaller bear had been standing upright against 
a wall, with a cocked hat on his head : in conse- 
quence of the retreat of his companion, this ludicrous 
figure now appeared full in front of the victorious 
champion, who brandished in his hand the up-lifted 
pole. The beast, as if aware of his danger, and ex- 
pecting to be attacked in his turn, instantly took off 
the hat, and, apparently in token of submission, tum- 
bled heels over head at the feet of the conqueror. 
Meanwhile the populace, terrified at the approach of 
the ursa Major, began to retire in a backward direc- 
tion, still keeping the unsuccessful combatant in 
view, till they tumbled one after another over some 
loads of coal that happened to lie in the way. The 
scene now became truly ludicrous, forty people were 
down at a time, and there was not one but what ima- 
gined himself already in the gripe of the irritated ani- 
mal, and vociferated murder \ with all his might. The 
Savoyards, who were, after all, the greatest ■sufferers 
by this tragi-comic representation, applied to the 
mayor, and demanded redress. The magistrate en- 
quired where the fray happened, and was informed 
that it took place in Blue Boar Lane, in the parish of 


St. Nicholas — the inhabitants of which have for many 
years been distinguished by the appellation of Nick's 
Ritfs. " Oh !" said he, " the people of that parish 
do just as they please ; they are out of my jurisdic- 
tion ;" and gravely dismissed the disappointed com- 
plainants. — It was two years before this company of 
itinerant performers again ventured to make their ap- 
pearance in Blue Boar Lane. On this occasion one 
who happened to be rather before the rest, perceiving 
Mr. Lambert sitting at his door, gave notice to the 
others, who dreading a repetition of the treatment they 
had before experienced, instantly retreated by the way 
they had come. 

His father having resigned the office of keeper of the 
prison, Mr. Lambert succeeded to the situation. It 
was within a year after this appointment that his bulk 
received the greatest and most rapid encrease. This 
he attributes to the confinement and sedentary life to 
which'he was now obliged to submit, which produced 
an effect so much the more striking, as from his at- 
tachment to sporting, he had previously been in the 
habit of taking a great deal of exercise. Though lie 
never possessed any extraordinary agility he was still 
able to kick to the height of seven feet standing on one 

About the year 1793, when Mr. Lambert weighed 
thirty-two stone, he had occasion to visit Woolwich in 
company with the keeper of the county goal of Leices- 
ter. As the tide did not serve to bring them up to 
London, he walked from Woolwich to the metropolis 
with much less apparent fatigue, than several middle- 
sized men who were of the party. 


The inhabitants of Leicester are remarkable for their 
expertness in swimming, an art which they are encou* 
raged to practise by their vicinity to the river Soar. 
From' the age of eight years Mr. Lambert was an ex- 
cellent swimmer, and such was his celebrity, that 
about ten years ago all the young people in his native 
town who were learning to swim resorted to him for 
instruction. His power of floating, owing to his un- 
common buik, was so great, that he could swim with 
two men of ordinary size upon his back. We have 
lieard him relate, that on these occasions, when any 
of his young pupils manifested any timidity ; he would 
convey them to the opposite bank of the river from 
that on which they had laid their clothes, and there 
leave them to find their way back as well as they couldl 
By these means they soon acquired that courage which 
is so indispensably necessary to the attainment of ex* 
cellence in the art of swimming, 

Mr. Lambert's father died about five years after his 
son's appointment to be keeper of the prison, which 
office he held, till Easter 1805. In this situation he 
manifested a disposition fraught with humanity and 
benevolence. Whatever severity he might be under 
the necessity of exercising towards the unhappy objects 
committed to his care during their confinement, Jie 
never forbore to make the greatest exertions to assist; 
them, at the time of their trials. Few left the prison 
without testifying their gratitude, and tears often be* 
«poke the sincerity of the feelings they expressed- Hijs 
removal from the office was in consequence of a wish 
on the part of the magistrates to employ the prisoner^ 
in the manufacture of the town. As a proof of th,e 
approbation wbich (lis conduct had merited, they, set- 


tied upon him an annuity of 50/. for life, without any 
solicitation whatever, and what was still more gratify- 
ing to his feelings, this grant was accompanied with a 
declaration, that it was a mark of their esteem and of 
the universal satisfaction which he had given ia the 
discharge of the duties of his office. 

Such were the feelings of Mr. Lambert, that no longer 
than a few months ago, he abhorred the very idea of ex- 
hibiting himself. Though he lived exceedingly retired 
at Leicester, the fame of his uncommon corpulence 
had spread over the adjacent country to such a degree, 
that he frequently found himself not a little incom- 
moded by the curiosity of the people, which it was- 
impossible to repress and which they were continually 
devising the means of gratifying, in spite of his reluc- 

A gentleman travelling through Leicester, conceived 
a strong desire to see this extraordinary phenomenon, 
but being at a loss for a pretext to introduce himself 
to Mr, Lambert, he first took care to enquire what 
were his particular propensities. Being informed that 
he was a great cocker, the traveller thought himself 
sure of success. He accordingly went to his house, 
knocked at the door, and enquired for Mr. Lambert. 
The servant answered that he was at home, but that 
he never saw strangers. " Let him know," replied- 
the curious traveller, " that I called about some 
cocks." Lambert who chanced to be in a situation to 
overhear what passed, immediately rejoined : " Tell 
the gentleman that I am a shy cock." 

On another occasion, a gentleman from Nottingham 
was extremely importunate to see him, pretending that 
he had a particular favour to ask. After considerable 
2 aQ 


hesitation, Mr. Lambert directed him to be admitted. 
On being introduced he said, he wished to enquire the 
pedigree of a certain mare. " Oh ! if that's all,*' re- 
plied Mr. Lambert, perceiving, from his manner, the 
real nature of his errand, " she was got by Imperti- 
nence out of Curiosity." 

Finding, at length, that he must either submit to 
be a close prisoner in his own house, or endure all the 
inconveniencies without receiving any of the profits of 
an exhibition, Mr. Lambert wisely strove to over- 
come his repugnance, and determined to visit the me- 
tropolis for that purpose. As it was impossible to pro- 
cure a carriage large enough to admit him, he had a 
vehicle constructed expressly to convey him to Lon- 
don, where he arrived, for the twenty-second time, 
in the spring of 1 806, and fixed his residence in Pic- 
cad illy. 

His apartments there had more the air of a place of 
fashionable resort, than of an exhibition ; and as long 
as the town continued full, he was visited by a great 
deal of the best company. The dread he felt on coming 
to London, lest he should be exposed to indignity and 
insult from the curiosity of some of his visitors, was 
soon removed by the politeness and attention which he 
universally experienced. There was not a gentleman 
in town from his own county, but went to see him, not 
merely gazing at him as a spectacle, but treating him 
in the most friendly and soothing manner, which, he 
has declared, is too deeply impressed upon his mind 
ever to be forgotten. 

The spirit of politeness which always prevailed in the 
presence of Mr. Lambert, was such as, was, perhaps, 
never observed on a similar occasion. The very Qua- 


kers by whom he was visited felt themselves moved to 
take off their hats. It is but natural to suppose that 
among the numbers who chose to gratify their curio- 
sity, some few exceptions should occur. Thus one day 
a person perceiving, previous to entering the room, that 
the company were uncovered, observed to Mr. Lam- 
bert's attendant, that he would not take off his hat, 
even if the king were present. This rude remark 
being uttered in the hearing of Mr. Lambert he imme- 
diately replied, as the stranger entered : — " Then by 

G , Sir, you must instantly quit this room, as 1 

do not consider it as a mark of respect due to myself, 
but to the ladies and gentlemen who honour me with 
their company." 

Many of the visitors seemed incapable of gratifying 
their curiosity to its full extent, and called again 
and again to behold to what an immense magnitude 
the human figure is capable of attaining; nay, one 
gentleman, a banker in the city, jocosely observed, 
that he had fairly had a pound's worth. 

Mr. Lambert had the pleasure of receiving persons 
of all descriptions and of all nations. He was one day 
visited by a party of fourteen, eight ladies and six 
gentlemen, who expressed their joy at not being too 
late, as it was near the time of closing the door for the 
day. They assured him that they had come from 
Guernsey on purpose to convince themselves of the 
existence of such a prodigy as Mr. Lambert had been 
described to be by one of their neighbours, who had seen 
him; adding, that they had not even one single friend 
or acquaintance in London, so that they had no other 
motive whatever for their voyage. — A striking illustra- 
tion of the power of curiosity over the human mind. 


Great numbers of foreigners were gratified with thr 
Contemplation of a spectacle, unequalled, perhaps, in 
any oiher country. Among these a Frenchman, ac- 
companied by a Jew, seemed extremely desirous, from 
motives best known to himself, of persuading Mr. 
Lambert to make an excursion to the continent, and 
insinuating that under his guidance and management 
lie could not fail of obtaining the greatest success. 
*' Vy you not go to France?" said he, " I am sure 
Buonaparte vill make your fortune." Supposing that 
such an inducement must prove irresistible, he added : 
" Den vont you go to Paris?" Lambert, who had too 
much good sense, to be the dupe of a designing Mon~ 
sieur, rejoined in the emphatic style of a true son of 

John Bull,—" If I do, I'll be d d."— " Vat you 

tink of dat now h" cried the astonished Jew to his mor- 
tified and disappointed companion. 

Among the many visitors of Mr. Lambert the cele- 
brated Polish dwarf, Count Borulawski was not the 
least interesting. The Count, having made a fortune 
by exhibiting his person, has retired to Durham to 
enjoy the fruit of his economy. Though now in his 
seventy-first year, he still possesses all the graceful- 
ness and vivacity by which he was formerly charac- 
terized. Mr. Lambert, during his apprenticeship at 
Birmingham, went several times to see Borulawski, 
and such was the strength of the Count's memory, that 
he had scarcely fixed his eyes upon him in Piccadilly 
before he recollected his face. After reflecting a mo- 
ment, he exclaimed that he had seen the face twenty 
years ago in Birmingham, but it was not surely the 
same body. This unexpected meeting of the largest 
and smallest man seemed to realise the fabled history 


of the inhabitants of Lilliput and Brobdignag, particu- 
larly when Lambert rose for the purpose of affording 
the diminutive count a full view of his prodigious 
dimensions. In the course of conversation, Mr. Lam- 
bert asked what quantity of cloth the count required 
for a coat, and how many he thought his would make 
him. — " Not many;" answered Borulawski. u I take 
goot large piece cloth myself — almost tree quarters of 
yard." — At this rate one of Mr. Lambert's sleeves 
would be abundantly sufficient for the purpose. The 
count felt one of Mr. Lambert's legs : " Ah mine Got !'* 
he exclaimed : " pure flesh and blood. I feel de warm. 
No deception ! 1 am pleased : for I did hear it was de- 
ception." Mr. Lambert asked if his lady was alive;, 
on which he replied : " No, she is dead, and (putting 
his finger significantly to his nose) I am not very sorry, 
for when I affront her, she put me on the mantle-shelf 
for punishment." 

The many characters that introduced themselves to 
Mr. Lambert's observation in the metropolis, fur- 
nished him with a great number of anecdotes, which 
a retentive memory enables him to relate with good 

One day, the room being rather crowded with com- 
pany, a young man in the front, almost close to Mr. 
Lambert, made incessant use of one of those indis- 
pensible appendages of a modern beau, called a quia- 
aing-glass. The conversation turned on the changes of 
the weather, and in what manner Mr. Lambert felt 
himself affected by them. — m What do you dislike 
most?" asked the beau — * fe To be bored with a quizzing- 
glass," was the reply. 

A person asking him in a very rude way the cost of 


one of his coats, he returned him no answer. The man 
repeated the question with the observation, that he 
thought he had a right to demand any information, 
having contributed his shilling, which would help to 
pay for Mr. Lambert's coat as well as the rest. " Sir," 
rejoined Lambert, " if I knew what part of my next 
coat your shilling would pay for, I can assure you I 
would cut out the piece/' 

On another occasion a lady was particularly soli- 
citous to have the same question resolved. " Indeed, 
madam, answered Mr. Lambert, " I cannot pretend 
to charge my memory with the price, but I can put 
you into a method of obtaining the information you 
want. If you think proper to make me a present of a 
new coat, you will then know exactly what it costs." 

A person who had the appearance of a gentleman, 
one day took the liberty of asking several impertinent 
questions. Mr. Lambert looked him sternly in his face, 
but without making any reply. A lady now entered 
the room, and Lambert entered into conversation with 
her, on which the same person observed that he was 
more polite to ladies than to gentlemen. " I can assure 
you, Sir," answered Mr. Lambert, " that I consider 
it my duty to treat with equal politeness all those 
whose behaviour convinces me that they are gentle- 
men," — " I suppose," rejoined the querist, " you mean 
to infer that I am no gentleman." — " That 1 certainly 
did," was the reply. Not yet abashed by this reproof, 
he soon afterwards ventured to ask another question, 
of a similar nature with the preceding. Irritated at 
these repeated violations of decency, which bespoke a 
deficiency of good sense as well as good manners, Mr. 
Lambert fixed his eyes full upon the strange* : " You 


came into this room, Sir, by the door, but " — 

" You mean to say/' continued the other, looking at 
the window, " that I may possibly make my exit by 
some other way."—" Begone this moment," thundered 
Lambert, " or by G— d I'll throw you into Picca- 
dilly."— No second injunction was necessary to rid him 
of this obnoxious guest. 

After a residence of about five months in the metro- 
polis, where we believe his success was fully adequate 
to his most sanguine expectations, Mr. Lambert re- 
turned in September, 1806, to his native town. 

We shall now proceed to state what we have been 
able to collect relative to the habits, manners, and 
propensities, of this extraordinary man. 

It is not improbable that incessant exercise in the 
open air, in the early part of his life, laid the founda- 
tion of an uncommonly healthy constitution. Mr. 
Lambert scarcely knows what it is to be ailing or in- 
disposed. His temperance, no doubt, contributes to- 
wards this uninterrupted flow of health. His food dif* 
fers in no respect from that of any other people : he 
eats with moderation, and of one dish only at a time. 
He never drinks any other beverage than water, and 
though at one period of his life he seldom spent an 
evening at home, but with convivial parties, he never 
could be prevailed upon to join his companions in their 
libations to the jolly god. One of the qualifications 
that strongly tend to promote harmony and conviviality 
is possessed in an eminent degree by Mr. Lambert. 
He has a tine, powerful, melodious voice. It is a 
Strong tenor, unlike that of a fat man, light and un- 
embarrassed, and the articulation perfectly clear. 

Mr, Lambert's height is live feet eleven inches, and 


in June 1 805, he had attained the enormous weight oT 
fifty stone, four pounds. He never felt any pain in 
his progress towards his present bulk, but increased 
gradually and imperceptibly. Before he grew bulky 
he never knew what it was to be out of wind. It is 
evident to all those who are now acquainted with him, 
that he has no oppression on the lungs from fat, or any 
other cause; and Dr. Heaviside has expressed his opi- 
nion that his life is as good as that of any other healthy 
man. He conceives himself that lie could walk a quar- 
ter of a mile, is able to go up stairs with great ease, 
and without inconvenience, and notwithstanding his 
excessive corpulence, can not only sloop without 
trouble to write, but even keeps up an extensive cor- 
respondence, insomuch that his writing-table resembles 
the desk of a merchant's counting-bouse. 

Mr. Lambert sleeps less than the generality of man- 
kind, being never more than eight hours in bed. lie 
is never inclined to drowsiness either after dinner, or 
in any other part of the day; and such is the vivacity 
of his disposition, that he is always the last person to 
retire to rest, which he never does before one o'clock. 
He sleeps without having his head raised more than is 
usual with other men, and always with the window 
open. His respiration is so perfectly free and unob- 
structed, that he never snores, and what is not a little 
extraordinary, he can awake within five minutes of 
any time he pleases. All the secretions are carried on 
in him with the same facility as in any other person. 

We have already adverted to Mr. Lambert's fond- 
ness for hunting, coursing, racing, fishing, and cockl- 
ing. He was likewise well-known in his neighbourhood 
as a great otter-hunter,. Till within these fiveytar$, 


he was extremely active in all the sporis of the field, 
and though he is now prevented by his corpulence from 
partaking in them, he still breeds cocks, setters, and 
pointers, which he has brought to as great, or perhaps 
greater perfection than any other sporting character of 
the present day. At the time when terriers were th* 
vogue, he possessed no less than thirty of them at once. 
The high estimation in which the animals of his breed- 
ing are held by sporting amateurs, was fully evinced in 
the sale of the dogs which he brought with him to 
London, and which were disposed of at Tattersal's at 
the following prices: Peg, a black setter bitch, forty- 
one guineas ; Punch, a setter dog, twenty-six guineas; 
Brush, ditto, seventeen guineas ; Bob, ditto, twenty 
guineas; Bounce, ditto, twenty-two guineas; Sam,, 
ditto, twenty-six guineas; B*ll, ditto, thirty-two gui- 
neas ; Charlotte, a pointer bitch, twenty -two guineas; 

Lucy, ditto, twelve guineas. Total, 218 guineas. 

Mr. Mellish was the purchaser of the seven setters, and. 
Lord Kinnaird of the two pointers. 

If Mr. Lambert has a greater attachment to one kind 
of sport than another, it is to racing, for which he al- 
ways manifested a peculiar preference. He was fond 
of riding himself, before his weight prevented him from 
enjoying that exercise; and it is his opinion, founded 
on experience, that the more blood and the better a 
horse was bred, the better he carried him. 

During his residence in London, Mr. Lambert found 
himself in no wise affected by the change of air, unless 
he ought to attribute to that cause an occasional, mo- 
mentary, trifling depression of spirits in a morning, 
*uch as he has felt on his recovery from inflammatory 


attacks, which are the only kind of indisposition he 
ever remembers to have experienced. 

The extraordinary share of health he has enjoyed 
has not been the result of any unusual precaution on 
his part, as he has in many instances accustomed him- 
self to the total neglect of those means by which men 
in general endeavour to preserve that inestimable 
blessing. As a proof of this, the following fact, is re- 
lated from his own lips. Before his encreasing size 
prevented his partaking in the sports of the field, he 
never could be prevailed upon when he returned home 
at night from these excursions, to change any part of 
his clothes, however wet they might be, and he put 
them on again the next morning, though they were 
perhaps so thoroughly soaked, as to leave behind them 
their mark on the floor. Notwithstanding this, he ne- 
ver knew what it was to take cold. On one of these 
occasions he was engaged with a party of young men 
in a boat, in drawing a pond. Knowing that a prin- 
cipal part of this diversion always consists in sousing 
each other as much as possible Lambert, before he 
entered the boat, walked, in his clothes, up to his 
chin into the water. He remained the whole of the day 
in this condition, which to any other man must have 
proved intolerably irksome. At night, on retiring to 
bed, he stripped off shirt and all, and the next morn- 
ing, putting on his clothes again, wet as they were, he 
resumed the diversion with the rest of his companions. 
Nor was this all; for lying down in the bottom of the 
boat, tie took a comfortable nap for a couple of hours, 
and though the weather was rather severe, he experi- 
enced no kind of inconvenience from what might justly 
be considered as extreme indiscretion. 



That very judicious and entertaining traveller, Mr. 
Joseph Acerbi, speaking of his passage over the Gulf 
of Bosnia, is highly curious and interesting. 

" When a traveller is going to cross over the gulf 
on the ice to I inlands the peasants always oblige him 
to engage double the number of horses to what he had 
upon his arrival at Grioleham. We were forced to 
take no less than eight sledges, though being only 
three in company, and two servants. The distance 
across is forty- three English miles, thirty of which you 
travel on the ice, without touching on land. This 
passage over the frozen sea, is doubtless, the most sin- 
gular and striking spectacle that a traveller from the 
south can behold. I expected to travel forty-three 
miles without sight of land, over a vast and uniform 
plain, and that every successive mile would be in ex- 
act unison, and monotonous correspondence with those 
I had already travelled ; but my astonishment was 
greatly increased in proportion as we advanced from 
our starting-post. The sea, at first smooth and even, 
became more rugged and unequal. It assumed, as 
we proceeded, an undulating appearance resembling 
the waves by which it had been agitated. At length 
we met with masses of ice heaped one upon the other, 
and some of them seemed as if suspended iti the air, 
while others were raised in the form of pyramids. On 
the whole, they exhibited a picture of the wildest and 
most savage confusion, that surprised the eye by the 
novelty of ns appearance. It was an immense chaos of 
icy ruins, presented to view under every possible iorm > 



and embellished by superb stalactites, of a blue gree« 

Amidst this chaos, it was not without much fatigue 
and trouble that our horses were able to find, and 
pursue their way; it was necessary to make frequent 
windings, and sometimes to return in a contrary direc- 
tion, following that of a frozen wave, in order to avoid 
a collection of icy mountains. In spite of all our ex- 
pedients for discovering the evenest paths, our sledges 
were every moment overturned to the right or the left, 
and frequently the legs of one or the other of the com- 
pany raised perpendicularly in the air, served as a sig- 
nal for the whole of the caravan to halt. The incon- 
venience and the danger of our journey were still far- 
ther increased by the following circumstances. Our 
horses were made wild and furious both by the sight 
and smell of our great pelisses, manufactured of the 
skins of Russian wolves or bears. When any of the 
sledges were overturned, the horses that belonged to it, 
or to that next to it, frightened at the sight of what 
they supposed to be a wolf or bear, rolling on the ice, 
would set off at full gallop, to the great terror of both 
passenger and driver. The peasant, apprehensive of 
losing his horse in the midst of this desert, kept firm 
hold of his bridle, and suffered the horse to drag his 
body through masses of ice, of which the sharp points 
threatened to cut him in pieces. The animal at last, 
wearied out by the constancy of the man, and dis- 
heartened by the obstacles continually opposed to his 
flight, would stop; then we were enabled again to get 
into our sledges, but not till the driver had blinded 
the animal's eyes : but one time, one of the wildest 
and most spirited horses in cur train, having take« 


flight, and completely made his escape, the peasant 
who conducted him, unable any longer to endure the 
fatigue and pain of being dragged through the ice, let 
go his hold of the bridle. The horse, relieved from his 
weight, and feeling himself at perfect liberty, redoubled 
his speed, and surmounted every impediment; the 
sledge, which he made to dance in the air, by alarm- 
ing his fears, added wings to his flight. When he had 
fled a considerable distance from us, he appeared, from 
time to time, as a dark spot, which continued to 
diminish in the air, and at last totally vanished from 
our sight. And now the peasant, who was the owner 
of the fugitive, taking one of the sledges, went in 
search of him, trying to find him again by following 
the traces of his flight. As for ourselves, we made 
the best of our way to one of the isles of Aland, keep- 
ing as nearly as we could, in the middle of the same 
plain, still being repeatedly overturned, and always in 
danger of losing one or other of our horses, which 
would have occasioned a very serious embarrassment. 
During the whole of th;s journey on the ice, we did 
not meet with so much as a man, a beast, a bird, or 
any living creature. These vast solitudes present a 
desert abandoned, as it were, by nature. The dead 
silence that reigns is interrupted only by the whistling 
of the winds against the prominent points of ice, and 
sometimes by the loud crackings occasioned by their 
being irresistibly torn from this frozen expanse : pieces 
thus forcibly broken off, are frequently blown to a con- 
siderable distance. Through the rents produced by 
these ruptures, you may see the watery abyss below; 
and it is sometimes necessary to lay planks across these 
rents, as bridges, for the sledges to pass over. 


After considerable fatigue, and having refreshed our 
horses, about half way on the high sea, we at length 
touched at the small island of Signilskar, about thirty- 
five English miles distant from where we started; but 
from the turnings we were obliged to make, not less 
than ten miles might be added. All this while, how- 
ever, we were kept in anxious suspence about the fu- 
gitive norse, supposing him lost in the abyss ; we had 
even prepared to continue our journey, and had put on 
new horses to the sledges, when with inexpressible 
pleasure we espied the two sledges that went in pur- 
suit, returning with the fugitive. The animal was in 
the most deplorable condition imaginable; his body 
was covered all over with sweat and foam, and was 
still enveloped in a cloud of smoke. Still we did not 
dare to come near him ; the excessive fatigue of his 
violent course had not abated his ferocity; he was as- 
much alarmed at the sight of our pelisses as before; 
he snorted, bounded, and beat the snow and ice with 
his' feet; nor could the utmost exertions of the peasants 
to hold him fast have prevented him from once more 
making his escape, if we had not retired to some dis- 
tance, and removed, the sight and sense of our pelisses. 
From Signilskar, we pursued our journey through the 
whole of the isles of Aland, where you meet with post- 
houses, that is to say, places where you may get horses. 
You travel partly by land, and partly over the ice of 
the sea. The distance between some of these islands 
is not less than eight or ten miles. On the sea, the 
natives have had the precaution of fixing branches of 
trees, or putting small pines along the whole route for 
the guidance of travellers in the night time, or direct- 


tng them how to find out the right way after the falls 
of snow." 


John Tall, aged S7 years, huntsman to the late 
Sir Frederic Rogers, Bart, of Blatchford, Devon* was 
born in the parish of Cornwood, near Blatchford, in 
the year 1719, and very early in life evinced a great 
predilection in favour of hunting ; so much so, that 
he would constantly give his parents the slip, in order 
to attend about the neighbouring kennels and stables, 
so as to get all the information he could on his favo- 
rite subjects of horses, hounds, and hunting ; or, when- 
ever he had an opportunity, he would go out with the 
hounds, and follow them, on foot, throughout many 
a long and hard day's sport. This strong and early 
propensity not only recommended him to the hunts- 
man, but also attracted the notice of his master, W. 
Savery, Esq. of Slade, near Blatchford, and he took 
him into his service, where the'fol lowing extraordinary 
circumstance occurred, in the course of a few years, 
to elevate him to the appointment of huntsman; a 
situation, which of any other in the world, he con- 
sidered as the summit of all earthly happiness. 

The accident which gave rise to his promotion, was 
this : — In the dead hour of the sight, the hounds were* 
extremely noisy, and Mr. Savery being at that time* 
much indisposed, the huntsman, anxious that his mis- 
ter should not be disturbed, rose from his bed, and in- 
cautiously went into the kennel for the purpose c£ 
quitting them, without taking his whip or any other 
•means of defence; aud either from the hounds not 



knowing him, or finding him to be unarmed, and con- 
sequently that it was in their power to be revenged for 
the many stripes and blows he had before given them, 
for he was a rigid canine disciplinarian, they all com- 
menced a most ferocious attack upon him — got him 
down— tore him to pieces, and literally devoured a con- 
siderable pait of him, before any discovery was made 
of his melancholy situation. This took place about 
the year 1 740, in the kennel belonging to Slade, then 
in the possession of Mr. Savery, but now the property 
of John Spurrel Pode, Esq. who has rebuilt the house 
in a modern style, preserving only ihe centre part of 
the old edifice, which consists of a spacious lofty apart- 
ment, a large gallery in it, with a gothic arched roof 
of old English oak, very curiously carved; and no 
doubt can be entertained, from the construction of it 
altogether, but that it was originally a place of divine 
worship; most probably a chapel appertaining to the 
mansion. It is now converted into an entrance-hall, 
and a very handsome one it makers; from which, as 
well as its singularity and antiquity, the seat is in ge- 
neral called Slade Hall, Mr. Pode, the present owner 
of it, kee; s an excellent pack of harriers : indeed few 
gentlemen's seats in the neighbourhood are so well 
situated for the enjoyment of all the sports of the field. 
But, to return to the subject of thes-e memoirs— He 
remained about twenty-five years in the service of Mr. 
Savery, when the death of that gentleman occasioned 
h»m to be thrown out of employment, but the very ex- 
cellent character he had acquired, both as a huntsman 
and a faithful servant, easily recommended him to the 
notice of ihe late Sir Frederic Rogers, Ban. who ap- 
pointed him his huntsman, in which situation he re- 


mained nearly forty years, when the death of his se- 
cond master again deprived him of his place; for the 
present Sir John Rogers was then in his minority, and 
not having finished his studies at the university, the 
hounds at Blatchford were Consequently discontinued, 
and the venerable old huntsman, with his careful and 
well-earned savings, amounting to a small competency, 
retired with a cheerful uncorrupted heart, and an un- 
broken constitution to enjoy the fruits of his faithful 
services in a small farm and a mill, which himself and 
his eldest son still carry on at a short distance fiom 
the seats of his late masters; where he exhibits the 
happy effects of a life spent in healthful exercise, cheer- 
ful service, and uniform temperance; for although 
now in his eighty-eighth year, yet he stands very up- 
right, and is nearly six feet high, being scaicely bent 
down in the smallest degree by the heavy hand of 
time: his sight, his voice, and in short all his mental 
and corporeal faculties are but very little impaired, 
his complexion is florid as that oi a healthy man only 
forty or fifty years of age. lie is rnpabie of walking 
twenty or thirty miles a day with the greatest ease, as 
it is by no means uncommon for him to go on foot to 
Plymouth, twelve miles from his residence, dine with 
a son he has living there, and walk back again in the 

His passion for hunting still holds nearly the same* 
power over him as it ever did, for if by chance the 
hounds come within his hearing, he cannot resist the 
temptation. The farm and the mill are left to the care 
of his son, and you will see him following the hounds 
on fool, with the activity of a man only forty or fifty 
years old. The writer of these utmurs was present, 
2 b-2 


lately, and saw liim run the \vhole morning after 
the hounds when a leash of three hares were killed, 
and apparently he felt no fatigue, but enjoyed the 
sport with as much glee as any young man then 
present in the field. 

Here let those who lead a life of riot and dissipation, 
who pervert the order of nature by consuming the night 
in debauchery, and wasting the greater part of the day 
in the relaxing indolence of a bed ; here let them take 
a lesson from a healthy old sportsman of eighty -eight, 
and from the happy and salutary effects of a life spent 
in temperance, early hours, and in the invigorating 
sports of the field. Then, instead of suffering undef 
ail the baneful effects of gout and rheumatism, shat- 
tered nerves, and universal debility, they may ex- 
claim, with the subject of these memoirs, and in the 
language of our immortal bard : 

" Though [ look old, yet I am strong and lusty, 
For in my youth I never did apply 
Hot and rebellious liquors to my blood j 
. Nor did I with unbashful forehead woo 
The means of weakness and debility. 
Therefore my age is as a lusty winter* 
Frosty, but kindly." 


The late General Ogle was a noble minded man, 
a pleasant companion, a sincere friend, and a most 
indulgent parent. His only failing— which in these 
fashionable dissipated times the fashionable will nctf 
call a fault — was bis unconquerable attachment to 


A few weeks before he was to sail for India, he con- 
stantly attended Pain';, in Charles Street, St. James's 
Square, where he alternately won and lost large sums. 
One evening there were before him two wooden bowls 
full of gold, which held fifteen hundred guineas each : 
and also four thousand guineas in rouleaus, which he 
had won. — when the box came to him, he shook the 
dice, and with great coolness and pleasantry said— 
" Come, I'll either win or lose seven thousand upon 
this hand : will any gentleman set me the whole r Se- 
ven thousand is the main." Then rattling the dice 
once more, cast the box from him, and quitted it, 
the dice remaining covered. Though the general did 
not consider this too large a sum fur one man to risk 
at a single throw, the rest of the gentlemen did, and 
for some time he remained unset, lie then said — 
" Well, gentlemen, will you make it up amongst your" 
One set him 500/. another 300/. — " Come/' says he, 
" whilst you are making up this money — 7000/. — I'll 
tell you a story." Here he began to relate a story 
that was pertinent to the moment; but perceiving that 
he was completely set, stopped short — laid his hand 
upon the box, saying, " I believe I am set, gentle- 
men ?"•*-" Yes Sir: seven is the main." He threw 
out! then with astonishing coolness, took up his snuff 
box, and smiling, exclaimed, " Now gentlemen, I'll 
finish my story, if you please L" 


Tins man died, some time since, at DufTry Hall, 
the seat oi Caesar Colciough, Esq. at the advanced 
2 b 3 

6m spotting anecdotes. 

age of 06; 60 years of which he passed in th« 
Colcluugh family. Being originally a fanner, he had 
such an inclination for hunting, that he always kept a 
horse of his own, and hunted will) the hounds of Co- 
lonel Colelough for many years ; but when the late 
Adam Colelough set up a pack of his own, he came 
and hunted hiss hounds at first for his amusement; but 
as he lived at too great a distance, to be always regu- 
lar, Mr, C. gave him a farm near him ; and he acted 
in the triple capacity of huntsman, steward, and mas- 
ter of the family. During the rebellion, in 1798, he 
and his family acted with uncommon fidelity to their 
employers; as one of his sons, when Mr. C. was 
obliged to fly, came down and remained to protect the 
house and property ; and he never quitted his post. 
Another of his sons brought off horses and clothes to 
his master, at the risque of his life, when he was in- 
formed where to find him ; and during that period the 
old man buried a large quantity of the family plate, 
which he aiterwards conveyed to a place of salety. 
Unt:l the last year of his life, he regularly went out 
with the hounds, and fas voice retained its clearness 
and sweetness ; he was well known to all sportsmen in 
that part ot Ireland. Mr. Kelly, thelate judge, about 
1 s n age, some time since, spent a day at DufTry 
}] II, ' . see a hui t with him. At one period, his 
ana'his he se aj amounted to lOo* years, and yet nei- 
ther cojjld be beat- As the custom in Ireland is to 
attend funerals, lor 70 years he never missed one with* 
in many miles. 



At the Rural Revels, in 180t, on the Dicker, in 
Sussex, called the Bat and Ball Fair,, the knowing 
ones in horse-racing were completely taken in by a 
younker, who came there just as the horses were en- 
tering for a large silver cup, mounted on a shabby 
looking mare, with her legs bound- up, and having the 
appearance of a complete cripple; the youth, whose 
exterior was as mean as that of his mare, said, alter 
surveying three horses which had already been enter- 
ed, and which were walking aUmtin- sU-the j*f&c ef 
ornament, u Dang it Fve a great mind to enter my 
Old Mare;" the bye-standers smiled contemptuously 
at the young man, and sneeringly advised him to do 
so,. Tiie deposit having been made, and the mare en- 
tered, the youth declared he had a twenty pound 
note in his pocket, which he would bet, his mare won 
the cup; the bet was presently taken, and others to 
nearly double the amount laid.. On preparing for the 
ra:e, the knowing ones were not a little surprised at 
.finding the young man's old mare converted, by rub- 
bing off a coat of dust and sweat, and by taking the 
bandages from her legs, into a fine blood filly, and 
the shabby looking youth, by throwing off a ragged coat 
and waistcoat, was as instautly transformed to a smart 
looking jockey, in a satin jacket and cap. The race 
coniui^nced, and the old mare, with apparent dif- 
ficulty, won the first heat : at the second she 
easily distanced all compeliiors ; and the youth hav- 
ing received the cup and his bets, resumed his 
shabby coat, remounted his bit of bluud, and rode off, 
2 B. k. 


saying, " I hope, gentlemen, you'll remember the Old 


A few months since, as Captain Jones, of the Royal 
Flintshire Militia, quartered at Hythe, who had that 
morning accompanied the regiment to field-exercise, 
on the heights near Folkstone, was standing with se- 
veral officers, near the edge of the cliff, the earth sud- 
denly gave way, under him ; in consequence of which, 
he was instantly precipitated to the distance of 28 
yards, in an oblique direction from the top ; but was 
most providentially stopped in bis fall by a small abut- 
ment on the surface of the rock, against which) his foot 
accidentally struck. In this dreadful situation he lay 
suspended, near a quarter of an hour, without daring 
to move, before any effectual assistance could be ren- 
dered him. Scarcely, however, had this distressing 
circumstance occurred, when Thomas Roberts, a pri- 
vate in the regiment, alarmed at the truly perilous si* 
tuation of his officer, endeavoured, at the obvious risk 
of his own life, to extricate him; but unfortunately, 
in the attempt, liberally fell from the top to the bot- 
tom of this tremendous precipice, being a distance of 
54p feet, of which 26 1 feet were quite perpendicular. 
Providentially, the latter in his fall did not touch the 
captain, who, anxious to save him, had already ex- 
tended his hand to him for that purpose. During this 
interval, a rope was expeditiously procured from the 
signal-house, and a noose being made at one end, it 
was lowered to the spot where Captain Jones lay ; 
when he, with much difficult)', succeeded in fastening 


it round his body; and was thus gradually drawn up 
by the spectators, who still for some time doubteu the 
possibility of rescuing him ; however, at length, he 
happily escaped without having sustained any material 

The soldier, though terribly cut and bruised in the 
head and various parts of his body, was taken up alive, 
and without a single bone being fractured, on the 
beach near a large stone-quarry, and immediately con- 
veyed to the regimental hospital, at Hythe ; where, to 
the utter astonishment of every one, he is now able to 
walk about, and is declared by the surgeon of the regi- 
ment to be out of all immediate danger. 

The height of the cliff having since been accurately- 
taken, by an officer of the regiment, is found, by actual 
admeasurement, to be as follows, viz. 

Yds. Ft. 
Oblique distance of Captain' Jones's 

fall 28 or S4 

Perpendicular height from the above 

point downwards - 87 — 26' 1 

Remainder, again oblique, to the 

base . 68 -—204- 

183 or 549 


The singular contest which tork place between the 
Pady of Colonel Thornton, and Mr. Flint, in i80-lj 
must not only stand recorded on the annals of the 
turf, as one of thp most remarkable occurrences which 
«ver happened in the sporting world ; bi*t likewise a* 
2 b5 


lasting monument of female intrepidity. The follow- 
ing are the circumstances which gave rise to this ex- 
traordinary race. 

An intimacy once existed between the families of 
Colonel Thornton and Mr. Flint, the two ladies being 
sisters, when the latter gentleman frequently partook 
of the exhilarating bottle at the hospitable board of 
Thorn ville Royal. 

In the course of one of their equestrian excursions 
in Thornville Park, the lady of Colonel Thornton and 
Mr. Flint were conversing on the qualities of their re- 
spective horses; and (as it generally happens where a 
spirit of rivalry exists) the difference of opinion was- 
great, and the horses were occasionally put at full 
speed for the purpose of ascertaining the point in ques- 
tion ; Old Vingarillo, aided by the s-kiifulness of his- 
iair rider distanced his antagonist every time, which 
so discomfited Mr. Flint, that he was at length indu- 
ced to challenge the lady to ride on a future day. This 
challenge was readily accepted (on the part of the 
lady) by Colonel Thornton ; and it was agreed that 
the race should take place on the last day of the York 
August meeting, 1S04-. This curious match was an- 
nounced in the following manner: — 

A match for 500gs, and a lOOOgs. bye— four miles 
— between Colonel Thornton's Vingarillo, and Mr. 
Flint's br. h. Thornville, by Volunteer. — Mrs. Thorn- 
ton to ride her weight against Mr. Flint's. 

This match having excited much curiosity, and many 
observations in the newspapers, we shall here give the 
extract of a letter to one of the editors, dated York, 
Wednesday evening, August 22, three days previous- 
to the race—- 


" This day after the races Mrs. Thornton, mounted 
upon Vingarillo, took an exercising gallop of four 
miles. She was dressed in mazarine blue* and wore 
a neat black jockey cap, looked very well, and was 
in high spirits. She went off in a canter, sat her horse 
amazingly tight and sung; at times put him to the top 
of his speed, winded him, and shewed that she had 
all his powers perfectly at her command. All the 
knowing ones were astonished at the style of hnrsfship 
in which she performed her gallop, and declared it 
equal, if not superior, to any Chiffney or Ruckle, of 
Newmarket celebrity. Unfortunately, when within 
about three distances of being home, the saddle girths 
gave way, and she came with considerable violence to 
the ground. You cannot conceive the interest we take 
in our fair equestrian, or the anxiety which her fall 
produced among those who witnessed it. I am happy, 
however, to assure you, that she did not sustain the 
slightest injury. Being a smart, active, elastic figure, 
she recovered her feet in a moment, did not appear 
in the least alarmed, made light of the tumble, and 
walked from the course in the same good spirts with 
which she came upon it: She will exercise again to- 
morrow, when, no doubt, every possible care will be 
taken to prevent the recurrence of a similar accident. 
Indeed [ hope we shall have no reason to regret this 
circumstance, as it may prove the me ins of prevent- 
ing the like on the day of tiial, when such a mishap 
would be more serious. 

u And, now Sir, to come to that which appears the 
grand source of curiosity and interest among many of 
your silly contemporaries—* The sporting Mrs. Thorn* 


ton is to ride the four miles, in buck skin breeches — 
she is to ride in doe — she is to ride like a man." 

Jn contradiction to these assertions, made by idle 
scribblers, who ridicule that spirit in a woman which 
they do not themselves possess ; the lady did not wear 
buckskin breeches, or doe skins, nor did she ride astride. 
These witlings certainly manifested a great depravity 
of lash, when that heroism which was admired in our 
female ancestors, and formed a distinguishing quality 
of our great and glorious Elizabeth, is treated and 
received with levity. But to proceed with the ex- 
tract: — 

The betting is now six to four upon Mrs. Thornton ; 
and, I think, will be probably more in her favour be- 
fore Saturday. 

" This city, and every gentleman's house in its vici- 
nity, are now as full as they can hold. Should more 
company come, I know not where they can be accom- 
modated,. Every part of the kingdom appears to have, 
furnished its quota. I own I am not surprized at this 
result. It required all the dashing talents of Colonel 
Thornton, which are ever contriving something new 
with which to astonish the sporting world, to make so 
extraordinary a match; and in no place could the 
scene be laid with such eclat and effect as in York- 

On Saturday, August 25, this race took place, the 
following description of which, appeared, in the York 
Herald : — 

" Never did, we witness such an assemblage of peo- 
ple as were drawn together on the above occasion— 
100,000 at least. Nearly ten times the number ap- 
peared on iMiavesiijtie than did on the day when Baj 


Malton ran, or when Eclipse went over the course,, 
leaving the two best horses of the day a mile and a half 
behind. Indeed expectation was raised to the highest 
pitch, from the novelty of the match. Thousands 
from every part of the surrounding country thronged 
to the ground. In order to keep the course as clear as 
possible, several additional people were employed • 
and, much to the credit of the 6th Light Dragoons, a 
party of them also were on the ground on horseback,, 
for the like purpose, and which unquestionably was 
the cause of many lives being saved. 

u About four o'clock, Mrs. Thornton appeared on 
the ground, full of spirit, her horse led by Colonel 
Thornton, and followed by Mr. Baker and Mr. H. 
Roy n ton: afterwards appeared Mr. Flint. They started 
a little past four o'clock. The lady took the lead for 
upwards of three miles, in a most capital style, Pier 
horse, however, had much the shorter stroke of the 
two. When within a mile of being home, Mr. Flint 
pushed forward, and got the lead, which he kept. Mrs. 
Thornton used every exertion;, but finding it impose 
sible to win the race, she drew up, in a sport smanslike 
style, when within about two distances. 

" At the commencement of the running, bets were 
5 and 6 to 4- on the lady: in running the three first 
miles, 7 to 4 and 2 to 1 in her favour.. Indeed the 
oldest sportsmen on the stand thought she must have 
won. In running the last mile, the odds were in fa- 
vour of Mr. Flint. 

" Never surely did a woman ride in a better style. 
It was difficult to say whether her horsemanship, her 
dress, or her beauty, were most admired: — the tout 
inscmble was unique. 


" Mrs. Thornton's dress was a leopard-coloured 
body, with bine sleeves, tlic rest buff, and blue cap. 
Mr. Flint rode in white. The race was run in nine 
minutes and fifty-nine seconds. 

" Thus et'ded the most interesting races ever rare 
upon Knavesmire. No words can express the disap- 
pointment felt at the defeat of Mrs. Thornton. The 
spirit she displayed, and the good humour with which 
she has borne her loss, have greatly diminished the 
joy of many of the winners. From the very superior 
style in v\hich she performed her exercising gallop of 
* four miles, on Wednesday, betting was greatly in her 
"favour; for the accident which happened, in conse- 
quence of her saddle-girths having slackened, and the 
saddle turning round, was not attended with the 
slightest injury to her person', nor did it in the least 
damp her courage; while her horsemanship, and close 
seated riding, astonished the beholders, and inspired a 
general confidence in her success. 

" Not less than 200,0001. were pending upon Mrs. 
Thornton's match; perhaps more, if we include the 
bets in every part of the country, and there is no part, 
we believe, in which there were not seme. 

" It will be seen, by the time of performance, that 
Haphazard was the best horse at the meeting. Seldom 
have we witnessed a meeting at York, where the races 
have been so well contested. Almost the whole have 
been run, and the horses rode, in a style of great su- 
periority.. To add to the pleasure attending the meet- 
ing, the weather has beeu most favourable, and the 
company numerous and fashionable." 

It is but justice toouserve, that if the lady bad been 
better mounted, she could not possibly have failed of 


success. Indeed she laboured under every possible 
disadvantage; notwithstanding which, and the uhgal- 
lant conduct of Mr. Flint, she flew along the comse 
with an astonishing swiftness, conscious of her own 
superior skill, and would, ultimately, have outstripped 
her adversary, but for the accident which took place. 
Still confident of success in the event of another trial, 
the following humorous article was inserted by the lady 
in the Y'ork Herald. 

" Having read in your paper, that Mr. Flint paid 
me every attention that could be shown on the occa- 
sion of the race, I request you will submit the follow* 
ing Elements of Politeness to the gentlemen of the turf, 
for them to sanction or reject, upon any future match 
of this kind taking place. 

Element 1. — Mr. Baker, who kindly offered to ride 
round with me, on account of the dangerous accident 
I met with on the Wednesday before, from my saddle 
turning round, was positively and peremptoi i'y refused 
this permission. 

Element 2. — At the starting post, the most distant 
species of common courtesy was studiously avoided ; 
and I received a sort of word of command from Mr. 
Flint, as thus — 

** Keep that side, Ma'am!" 

For a morning's ride, this might be complimentary ; 
but it was here depriving me of the whip-hand. 

I did not expect Mr. Flint to shake hands with me, 
that I understand being the common prelude to box- 

Element 3. — When my horse broke down in the 
lerrible way he did, all the course must have witnessed 


(he very handsome manner in which Mr. Flint brougnt 
me in, i. e. left me out, by distancing me as much as 
he possibly could. 

If these should be received as precedents, the art 
of riding against ladies will be made most completely 

Challenge. — After all this, I challenge Mr. Flint to 
ride the same match, in all its terms, over the same 
course next year — his horse, Brown Thornville, against 
any one he may choose to select out of three horses I 
shall hunt this season." 

The following reply (written by some poetic wag for 
the gentleman) appeared in the public prints, with the 
introduction of which we shall conclude this interest- 
ing article. 


" Flint, Respondent— Thornton, Appellant, 

My Pegasus dull, has the honour and pride 

To acknowledge your elements bright: 
And first, though yoir hint that I took the wrong side t 

The end of the race prov'd it right. 

In courtesy, next, 3 7 ou are pleas'd to suggest, 

That I was deficient on starting ; 
But to give you the lead was clearly a teat, 

How civil I was at the parting. 

I denied you a. friend to ride by, I confess, 
And for why N > — not for the sake of the pilff 

But I wish'd to enjoy, in a case of such bliss, 
All that pleasure and honour myself. 

Four-fifths of the race, you must candidly own, 
You had the " whip hand," while behind 

5 humbly pursued, till your nag " was broke down."-— 
Then bejoreyou to go sure was kind! 


But believe to the Fair I am warmly inclin'd— 

To be always polite I am ready ; 
Tlio' my Horse was so rude as to leave you behind, 

I will ne'er run away from a Lady. 

To your challenge anew, I beg to reply— 

When your Ladyship's made evVy hot, 
I'll be proud to attend, the contest to try, 

For the honour again of your wit." 


" I have a fine pointer (said a gentleman to his 
friend) staunch as can be at birds, but I cannot break 
him from sheep." His reply was, that the best way 
would be to couple him to the horns of an old ram, 
and leave them in a stable all night, and the discipline 
be would receive would prevent his loving field-mut- 
ton again, The same person meeting the owner of the 
dog sometime afterwards, accosted him thus, " Well, 
sir, your pointer is now the best in England, no doubt, 
from my prescription." — " Much the same, sir, for he 
killed my ram, and eat a shoulder I" 


Two Leicester sportsmen were beating the meadows 
about Aylstone, and one of them taking aim at a 
snipe, brought it down on the other side of the canal, 
which had been cut near that place, and contains wa- 
ter breast high. Unable to cross the water, and thus 
gain their prize, they engaged a working-man, for six- 
pence, to strip and carry them over. The fellow per- 
formed his engagement with one of them> and the$, 


after carrying the other as far as the middle of the 
water, he declared he would set him down in that 
place unless he would give him a shilling. This being 
positively refused, the man kept his word, and throw- 
ing his rider oft' his shoulders into the water, ran away, 
Our sportsman, however, being a good shot, took his 
revenge, for, as the fellow was mounting the bank, 
he discharged his fowling*piece, and lodged the whole 
contents in his posteriors. The man was severely* 
though not daugerousiy, wounded. The sportsman, 
who was one of the faculty, generously lent his assist* 
ance, and having administered a dose bo well calcu- 
lated to euii the fellow*! pranks m future, he felt per* 
fectly contented at his own ducking. 


Upon the credit of a clerical sportsman, the fol- 
lowing recipe was lately given for catching wild geese ; 
—Tie a cord to the tail of an eel, and throw into the 
fens where the fowls haunt. One of the geese swallow- 
ing this shppery bait, it runs through him, and is 
swallowed by a second and a third, and so on, till the 
string is quite full. A person once caught so many 
g< ese in this manner, that they absolutely flew away 
with him J 


In a provincial town, a gentleman was exhibiting* 
at the door of an inn a capital trotting mare, which 
she had been engaged in ; when a butcher of the town 
stepping up, offered to trot his bia/'k poney against her 


for twenty guineas. A smile of contempt was the 
only notice he at first received. However the knight 
of the cleaver persisting in his original otier, the bel 
was accepted, and the next morning appointed for the 
match ; lour miles from the spot where they then were. 
The black poney was one of those shuffling bits of blood, 
which are very commonly the property of butchers. 
Its owner appeared at the starting post, mounted on 
its rump, with his tray before him, and, by way of 
swith, as he called it, brandished a small marrow- 
bone. He was allowed the start, when immediately 
afterwards, as h:s competitor was rapidly passing him, 
he rattled a flourish upon his tray, which, of course, 
had the instantaneous effect of frightening the high 
mettled mare into a gallop. This repeatedly was the 
case, and as often, according to the etiquette of trot- 
ting matches, was the too hasty beast obliged to stop 
and turn round ; and thus, ultimately, the black poney 
was made to win hollow. 


Rlader, here lies a genuine son of earth, 

Like a true fox hound sportsman fro a his birth ; 

O'er hills and dales, o'er mountains, woods and rocks* 

Willi dauntless courage he pursued the f'>x. 

No danger stopp'd him, and uo fear dismay'd, 

He sceri'd at fear, and dai gei eras his trade. 

But there's a b-.un'* ne vjortal c n o'er-leap, 

Wide as eternity, as high >.s dee. , 

Hither by death s unerring ^ps pursu'd, 

By that sagacions scent which none elude : 

By d strong pack of fleeting years run down ; 

He leaves his wiiip — where monarch's leave their croweu 


No shift} no double, could this hero save, 

Eatth is his kennel, his abode the grave. 

Still let us listen to his parting voice, 

That sound, which once made all the world rejoice,* 

Still Exton's plains and Walcot's woods resound, 

With the shrill cry, that cheer'd the opening hound, 

Vavk forward j mortals t forward ! hark away ! 

To the dread summons of that awful day, 

When the great judge of quick and dead shall come a 

And wake the mould'iing corpse to meet his doom j 

For this important hour may each prepare, 

JViidst all enjoyments, this your constant care; 

Above this world let ycur affections live, 

Nor seek on earth what earth can never give j 

With stedfust f'uith, and ardent zeal arise, 

Leap o'er time's narrow bounds, and reach the skies. 


Talking with a learned physician,f a great con- 
noisseur in pointing and setting dogs, upon the subject 
of puppies, he told the following singular tale of a 
bitch he had, of the setting kind. 

As he travelled from Midhurst into Hampshire, 
going through a country village, the mastiffs and cur 
dogs ran out barking, as is usual when gentlemen ride 
by such places; among them he observed a little ugly 
pedlar's cur particularly eager, and fond of ingratiating 
himself with the bitch. The doctor stopped to water 

* We presume the poet has here availed himself of poetical 
licence; unless he means (abstractedly speaking) the Sporting 
World. Ed. 

f The late Dr. Smith is supposed to be the person here aV 


upon the spot, and whilst his horse drank, could nofc 
help remarking how amorous the cur continued, and 
how fond and courteous the bitch seemed to her ad- 
mirer; but provoked in the end, to see a creature of 
Phillis's rank and breed so obsequious to such mean 
addresses, drew one of his pistols and shot the dog 
dead on the spot; then alighted, and taking the bitch 
into his arms, carried her before him several miles. 
The doctor relates farther, that madam, from thai: 
day, would eat little or nothing, having in • a manner 
lost her appetite; she had no inclination to go abroad 
with her master, or come when he called, but seemed 
to repine like a creature in love, and express sensible 
concern for the loss of her gallant* 

Partridge season came on, but she 1 had no nose ; the 
doctor did not take the bird before her. However, in 
process of lime Phillis waxed proud. The doctor was 
heartily glad of it, and physically apprehended it 
would be a means of weaning her from ail thoughts of 
her deceased admirer; accordingly he had her con- 
fined in due time, and warded by an admirable setter, 
of high blood, which the doctor galloped his grey 
stone-hojse forty miles an end, to fetch for- the pur- 
pose. And that no accident might happen from the 
carelessness of drunken, idle servants, the charge was 
committed to a trusty old woman housekeeper ; and, 
a,s absence from patients would permit, the doctor 
assiduously attended the affair himself. But, lo ! when 
the days of whelping .came, Phillis did not produce 
one puppy but what was in all respects the very pic- 
ture and colour of the poor dog he had shot, so many 
months before the bitch was in heat. 

This affair equally surprised and enraged the doctor. 


For some lime he difleied, almost to parting, with his 
old faithful housekeeper, being unjustly jealous of her 
care: such behaviour before she never knew from him; 
but, alas! what remedy ? He kept the bitch many 
years, yet, to his infinite concern, she never brought 
a litter, but exactly similar to the pedlar's cur. Me 
disposed of her to a friend of his in the neighbouring 
county, but to no purpose; the vixen still brought 
such puppies; whence the doctor tenaciously main- 
tained, that bitch and dog may fall passionately in 
love with each other. 

eeynard's sagacity. 

A fox having been hard run, took shelter under 
the covering of a well, and, by the endeavours used 
to extricate him from thence, was precipitated to the 
bottom, which was 100 feet. The bucket being let 
down, he instantly laid hold of it, and was drawn up 
a considerable way, when he again fell ; but the same 
method being resorted to a second time, he secured 
his situation, and was drawn up safe; after which he 
was burred off, and got clear away from the dogs. 


A capital farmer in Lincolnshire had a favourite 
greyhound, which was generally his kitchen compa- 
nion, but having a parlour party, he ordered his dog, 
by way of keeping that room clean, ,to be tied vp. 
About an hour after he enquired of the servant if he 
had done as he directed. " Yes, sir, I has."— " Very 
well^".-." I dare say he is deed before now."—-" Wfcy, 


damn you, you have not hanged him!" rejoined the 
master. " Yes, sir, you bid me tie him up!" 


A celebrated veterinarian writer was once re- 
quested to give a professional opinion upon a new pur- 
chase, from one of the fashionable receptacles, for 
figure, bone, speed, and perfection; when, upon the 
purchaser's anxious enquiry whether it was not a fine 
horse, and exceeding cheap dlforty, the cautious exa- 
miner felt himself in the awkward predicament of ac- 
knowledging he certainly was, had he possessed the 
advantage of seeing his way in or out of the stable! 
" Seeing his way in or out ! why, what the devil do 
you mean?" — " Only that this paragon of perfection 
is totally blind! Was he warranted sound to you?" — 
" No, I bought him with— all his faults /" 


The groom, notwithstanding his views are very dif- 
ferent from those of the minister, must possess the same 
talents, and often exert them upon similar subjects; 
though horse-racing is an idle diversion, and the ad- 
ministration of a government a most important em- 
ployment. If the minister must have sagacity to pe- 
netrate into the characters and dispositions of men, 
so must the groom. If the minister must comprehend 
a very extensive and complicated scene of things, to 
judge with probability of future events respecting mat- 


ters of state ; tbe groom must observe and consider in* 
numerable circumstances, equally complicated and 
various, to judge as probably of events relating to 

Tbe minister must scheme, and so must the groom j 
the minister must have recourse to artifice and cun- 
ning, so must the groom ; but this cunning must be 
subordinate to powers of a higher class ; for both the 
minister and groom, if their paramount principle be 
cunning, will impose only on themselves and fools. 
The thorough good groom, like the able minister, 
moves in a large circle; they both judge of the pro- 
bability of an event, not from considering that it has 
once happened, but from a knowledge of the causes 
which will probably produce it. The groom as well 
as the minister, must also judge for himself; and not 
rely implicitly on the judgment of another, whatever 
may be his character for sagacity and discernment; 
Ihey will, therefore, in every instance, avail themselves 
of their own abilities, which, by undeviating deference 
to the authority of others, would become useless. 

Both the statesman and the groom are convinced, 
that to produce the event which they desire, a great 
variety of circumstances must concur, many of which 
lie wholly out of their power; neither of them will be 
ignorant of the probability in his own favour; nay, 
upon some occasions, they know it is their interest, in 
a general view, even to make an attempt in a parti- 
cular instance, where there is but a possibility of sue* 

The good jockey will generally profit more from be- 
lieving what deserves credit, than from suspecting 
what does not deserve it, and so will t e able states* 


man ; for both will be superior to that fatal error of a 
contracted mind, indiscriminate suspicion. As thf con- 
duct of the good groom, and the good statesman, will be 
thus regulated by reason, neither of them will be mor- 
tified at the blind censures of other men, or at a disap- 
pointment which can only happen by causes which 
they foresaw without power to prevent, or by some ac- 
cident which could not be foreseen; but this very dis- 
appointment, which short-sighted men will impute to* 
an error, by the enlarged mind of the statesman, will 
perhaps be improved into a means of future advan- 


O.vce at some holy time, perhaps 'twas Lent, 
An honest Ostler to confession went, 
And there of sins a long extended score, 
Of various shape and size he mumbled o'er; 
Till, having clear'd his conscience of the stuff, 
(For any mod'rate conscience quite enough) 
He ceas'd. — " What more?" the rev'rend Father cried— 
" No more ! M th' unburden'd penitent replied. 
** But," said the artful priest, " yet unreveal'd 
There lurks one darling vice within you, though conceal 'd •-— 
Did you, in all your various modes of cheating, 
Ne'er grease the horses' teeth, to spoil their eating ?" 
" Never !" cried Crop — So then, to close each strain, 
He was absolv'd, and sent to sin again. 
Some months from hence, sad stings of conscience feeling.. 
Crop, at confession, soon again was kneeling-. 
When lo ! at ev'ry step his conscience easing, 
Out popp'd a groan, and horses' teeth, and greasing. 
** Santa Maria !" cried th' astonish'd priest — 
" How much your sius have with your days Lncreas'd t 
2 C 


" When last I saw you, you deny'd all this." 
" True," said the Ostler, " very true it is j 
And also true, that, till that blessed time, 
I never, Father, heard of such a crime !" 


Leopold, Duke of Lorraine, had a bear, called 
Marco, of the sagacity and sensibility of which we 
have the following example : — 

During the winter of 1709, a Savoyard boy, ready 
to perish with cold in a barn, in which he had been put 
by a good woman, with some more of his companions, 
thought proper to enter Marco's hut, without reflect- 
ing upon the danger which he ran in exposing himself 
to the mercy of the animal which occupied it. Marco, 
however, instead of doing any injury to the child, took 
him between his paws, and wanned him, by squeezing 
him to his breast, until the next morning, when he 
Suffered him to depart and ramble about the city. The 
Savoyard returned in the evening to the hut, and was 
received with the same affection. For the following 
days he had no other retreat ; but what added much 
to his joy, was to perceive that the bear had reserved 
part of his food for him. Several days passed in thi§> 

One day, when one of them came to bring his mas*- 
ter his supper, rather later than ordinary, he was asto- ' 
nished to see the animal roll his eyes in a furious man- 
ner, and seeming as if he wished him to make as little 
noise as possible, for fear of awakening the child, whom 
he clasped to his breast. The animal, though rave- 
nous, did not appear in the least moved with the food 


which was set before him. The report of this extraor- 
dinary circumstance was soon spread at court, and 
reached the ears of Leopold, who, with part of his 
courtiers, was desirous of being satisfied of the truth 
of Marco's generosity. Several of them passed a night 
near his hut, and beheld, with astonishment, that the 
bear never stirred as long as his guest shewed any in- 
clination to sleep. 

At break of day the child awoke, was very much 
ashamed to find himself discovered, and fearing that 
he would be punished for his rashness, begged for par- 
don. The bear, however, caressed him, and endea- 
voured to prevail on him to eat what had been brought 
him the evening before ; which he did, at the request 
of the spectators, who conducted him to the prince. 
Having learned the whole story of this singular alli- 
ance, and the time of its continuance, the prince or- 
dered care to be taken of the little Savoyard, who, 
without doubt, would have soon made his fortune, had 
he not died a short time after. 







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